Eurotech DuraMAR 2150 User`s manual

USER’S MANUAL
DuraMAR® 2150
Rugged Rolling Stock Mobile Access Router
Rev. 1.0 - December 2008 - ETH_ DuraMAR2150_USM1.0
DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES FOR A BETTER WORLD
www.eurotech.com
DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
Disclaimer
The information in this manual has been carefully checked and is believed to be accurate. Eurotech assumes no
responsibility for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties, which may result from its use.
Eurotech assumes no responsibility for any inaccuracies that may be contained in this document. Eurotech makes no
commitment to update or keep current the information contained in this manual.
Eurotech reserves the right to make improvements to this document and/or product at any time and without notice.
Warranty
This product is supplied with a limited warranty. The product warranty covers failure of any Eurotech manufactured
product caused by manufacturing defects. Eurotech will make all reasonable effort to repair the product or replace it with
an equivalent alternative. Eurotech reserves the right to replace the returned product with an alternative variant or an
equivalent fit, form and functional product. Delivery charges will apply to all returned products.
Trademarks
All trademarks, both marked and not marked, appearing in this document are the property of their respective owners.
WEEE
The information below is issued in compliance with the regulations as set out in the 2002/96/CE directive, subsequently
superseded by 2003/108/CE. It refers to electrical and electronic equipment and the waste management of such
products.
When disposing of a device, including all of its components, subassemblies and materials that are an integral part of the
product, you should consider the WEEE directive.
This symbol has been attached to the equipment or, if this has not been possible, on the packaging,
instruction literature and/or the guarantee sheet. By using this symbol, it states that the device has been
marketed after August 13th 2005, and implies that you must separate all of its components when possible,
and dispose of them in accordance with local waste disposal legislations.
•
Because of the substances present in the equipment, improper use or disposal of the refuse can cause
damage to human health and to the environment
•
According to WEEE, the disposal of this product with normal urban refuse is prohibited. Arrangements
should be instigated for separate collection and disposal
•
Contact your local waste collection body for more detailed recycling information
•
In case of illicit disposal, sanctions will be levied on transgressors.
RoHS
This device, including all it components, subassemblies and the consumable materials that are an integral part of the
product, has been manufactured in compliance with the European directive 2002/95/EC known as the RoHS directive
(Restrictions on the use of certain Hazardous Substances). This directive targets the reduction of certain hazardous
substances previously used in electrical and electronic equipment (EEE).
© 2008 Eurotech S.p.A.
Eurotech S.p.A.
A member of the Eurotech Group
Via Fratelli Solari, 3/a
33020 - AMARO (UD)
ITALY
DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
Introduction
Conventions used within this Manual
The following conventions are used throughout this manual.
Warnings and Important Notices:
Within this manual you will find the following tables, please ensure that you read and understand these as
they are intended to highlight potential risks or precautions that should be taken.
Warnings:
Warnings icons precede potentially dangerous procedures (potential personal injury or
damage to a system, device, or program) throughout this manual. Instructions
contained in the warnings must be followed. You should also use all other safety
precautions, which you deem necessary for the operation of the equipment in your
operating environment.
Information and/or Notes:
Indicates important features or instructions that should be observed
Safety Notices and Warnings
General safety precautions must be observed during all phases of operation, service, and repair of this
equipment. They are listed in the Quick Reference Guide that comes with your DuraMAR-2150.
Failure to comply with those precautions or with specific warnings elsewhere in this manual violates safety
standards of design, manufacture, and intended use of the equipment.
Eurotech S.p.A. assumes no liability for the customer’s failure to comply with these requirements.
The safety precautions listed represent warnings of certain dangers of which Eurotech is aware.
You, as the user of the product, should follow these warnings and all other safety precautions necessary for
the safe operation of the equipment in your operating environment.
Trademarks
All trademarks both marked and not marked appearing in this document are the property of their respective
owners.
Warranty
This product is supplied with a limited warranty. The product warranty covers failure of any Eurotech
manufactured product caused by manufacturing defects. Eurotech will make all reasonable effort to repair
the product or replace it with an equivalent alternative. Eurotech reserves the right to replace the returned
product with an alternative variant or an equivalent fit, form and functional product. Delivery charges will
apply to all returned products.
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DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
CE Notice
This product is marked
in accordance with the Class 2 product requirements specified in the R&TTE
Directive, 1999/5/EC.
The CE Mark on the product indicates that the system has been tested and conforms to the provisions of the
89/336/EEC Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive and the 73/23/EEC Low Voltage Directive.
Eurotech shall not be liable for use of our products with equipment (i.e., power supplies, personal computers,
etc.) that are not CE marked and do not comply with the Low Voltage Directive.
Technical Assistance
If you have a technical question or if you cannot isolate a problem with your device, please send an e-mail to
the Eurotech Technical Support Team at: email: techsupp@eurotech.com
Before returning any Eurotech supplied product, for any reason whatsoever, you must first send and e-mail
to the Technical Support Team at the above email address, providing information listed below. After this you
will receive an RMA number (Returned Material Authorization) for the return of the material:
Information to be provided in RMA request:
•
Model number
•
Serial number
•
Detailed fault description
•
Company Details
•
Contact details
Pack the product in anti-static material and ship it in a sturdy cardboard box with
enough packing material to adequately protect the shipment.
Any product returned to Eurotech improperly packed will immediately void the
warranty for that particular product!
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DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
Table of Contents
Introduction.......................................................................................................................................................3
Conventions used within this Manual .................................................................................................................3
Warnings and Important Notices:............................................................................................................................. 3
Safety Notices and Warnings .............................................................................................................................3
Trademarks.............................................................................................................................................................. 3
Warranty .................................................................................................................................................................. 3
CE Notice................................................................................................................................................................. 4
Technical Assistance ..........................................................................................................................................4
Table of Contents .............................................................................................................................................5
Chapter 1 Product Overview .......................................................................................................................7
Description..........................................................................................................................................................7
Architecture.........................................................................................................................................................8
CISCO 3200 ISR...................................................................................................................................................... 8
Eurotech Communications Controller (ECC) ........................................................................................................... 8
System interfaces .............................................................................................................................................10
Front panel connector layout ................................................................................................................................. 10
Rear panel connector layout .................................................................................................................................. 11
Chapter 2 Physical Installation .................................................................................................................13
Installation considerations ................................................................................................................................13
External Connections........................................................................................................................................14
Chapter 3 System Operation .....................................................................................................................15
Overview...........................................................................................................................................................15
Operation Mode ................................................................................................................................................15
DuraMAR-2150 configuration ...........................................................................................................................16
Command Line Interface ..................................................................................................................................16
User Mode ............................................................................................................................................................. 16
Configuration Mode................................................................................................................................................ 17
Using the no-form of commands ............................................................................................................................ 17
Using commands history........................................................................................................................................ 18
Configuration files .............................................................................................................................................18
Network interfaces general configuration .........................................................................................................19
Ethernet interface configuration........................................................................................................................19
HSDPA interface configuration.........................................................................................................................19
Router Mode .......................................................................................................................................................... 19
Bridge Mode........................................................................................................................................................... 20
Forcing the cellular network to use ........................................................................................................................ 21
Commands reference ............................................................................................................................................ 22
HSDPA interface information............................................................................................................................23
Cellular network information .............................................................................................................................23
SNMP configuration..........................................................................................................................................24
System administration ......................................................................................................................................24
Changing 'admin' user password ........................................................................................................................... 24
Limiting remote access to the system .................................................................................................................... 25
Rebooting the system ............................................................................................................................................ 25
Setting controller time and date ............................................................................................................................. 25
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DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
Setting the time zone ............................................................................................................................................. 25
Log files ................................................................................................................................................................. 26
Setting up static routes to access external resources ............................................................................................ 26
Upgrading the system ............................................................................................................................................ 26
Installing a new firmware using the DuraMAR USB-disk key ................................................................................. 28
Using the integrated CISCO router for hosting controller system image files. ....................................................... 29
DuraMAR-2150 service interface .....................................................................................................................30
Chapter 4 Environmental and Electrical Specs.......................................................................................33
Mechanical Characteristics...............................................................................................................................33
Operating Characteristics .................................................................................................................................33
Absolute Maximum Ratings..............................................................................................................................34
Compliance.......................................................................................................................................................34
Revision History .............................................................................................................................................35
Eurotech Group Worldwide presence ..........................................................................................................37
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DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
Chapter 1 Product Overview
Description
The DuraMAR® 2150 is a rugged integrated wireless router designed for providing net-centric connectivity in
rolling stock installations such as on trains and metros.
Figure 1.
Picture of the DuraMAR-2150
Key features include:
•
Compliance with train and rail standards, EMC, EMI, shock and vibration
•
Extended operating temperature range: –20°C / +55°C (70°C for 10 minutes) EN50155 class T1
•
Wide storage temperature range: –20°C up to 70°C EN50155 class T1
•
Conduction cooled system
•
Solid state system storage, 512 MB Flash Disk
•
Rugged mechanical construction
•
IP65 ingress protection
•
Rugged locking circular connectors with strain relief
•
Nominal 110Vdc train feeder supply
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DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
Architecture
The DuraMAR-2150 system consists of:
•
a CISCO 3200 series Integrated Services Router (ISR) core running the industry standard IOS®
software
•
a Eurotech Communication Controller (ECC) featuring an integrated high speed wireless HSDPA
interface
CISCO 3200 ISR
Cisco® 3200 Series wireless and mobile router offers secure data, voice and video communication. It
supports multiple wired and wireless links, including integrated 802.11b/g and 4.9-GHz wireless
technologies. With a flexible, compact form factor, these rugged router cores are ideally suited for integration
in vehicles or installations outdoors. Standard Mobile IP services provide transparent roaming in wireless
networks for mobile installations. The Cisco IOS® Software includes data security, manageability, and
scalability, along with interoperability between networks, while supporting new and evolving network and
wireless technologies.
The CISCO 3200 ISR core of the DuraMAR-2150 includes:
•
Mobile Access Router Card (MARC)
•
Fast Ethernet Switch Mobile Interface Card (FESMIC)
Eurotech Communications Controller (ECC)
The Eurotech Communication Controller interfaces the CISCO 3200 ISR core with various wireless terminals
such as GPRS, UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA or CDMA2000 using a 10/100Mbit Ethernet interface. The use of
industry-standard mini PCI-Express form wireless terminals guarantees an easy upgrade path to adopt new
technologies with the change of only a single module.
The core of the Eurotech Communications Controller subsystem consists of the following parts:
•
Eurotech CPU-1452 (standard x86 architecture)
•
System carrier including power supply, HSDPA and GSM/GPRS modems
HSDPA Section
The Sierra Wireless MC8775V HSDPA module is mounted within the system.
HSDPA features:
•
Tri-band UMTS/HSDPA: 850/1900/2100 MHz
o Downlink up to 7.2 Mbps
o Uplink up to 1 Mbps
•
Power Class: 3 (+24 dBm)
EDGE features:
•
Quad-band EDGE/GPRS/GSM: 850/900/1800/1900 MHz
o Downlink up to 216 kbps
o Uplink up to 108 kbps
•
GSM Power Class 4 for 850 / 900 bands, GSM
•
Power Class 1 for 1800 / 1900 bands
•
EDGE class E2
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DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
GSM/GPRS Section
A Siemens MC55 GSM/GPRS modem is mounted within the system.
GSM/GPRS features:
•
Support for Tri-band GSM/GPRS networks 900/1800/1900MHz bands
•
Up to 56Kbps GPRS data rate depending on network bandwidth
•
GPRS downlink data rate up to 85.6kbps
•
Full SMS support
•
GPRS mobile station class B and multi-slot class 10 compliant
•
Output power: 2W for EGSM900 and 1W for GSM1800/1900
•
Approvals: R&TTE, FCC, IC, GFC, PCCRB and local approvals as well as mobile operator
certifications
•
Interfaces to the system CISCO/controller through a serial port
Power supply subsystem features
The DuraMAR-2150 power supply subsystem features include:
•
Input power filtering and protection circuitry with high power tranzorb over-voltage protection diodes
•
Isolated train qualified DC/DC converter with post regulators providing power to all system devices
•
Reverse voltage protection up to –200VDC
The system can be powered directly from a train feeder supply:
•
Nominal power supply: 110VDC
•
Typical power consumption: < 44W
Warning:
Electric current from power and communication cables is hazardous. To avoid shock
hazard when connecting or disconnecting cables, follow appropriate safety
precautions. Ensure that the correct operating voltage is used when powering the
device.
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DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
System interfaces
Front panel connector layout
HSDPA SIM
LEDs
CPU console
USB firmware
upgrade port
Cisco console
GND
GSM/GPRS SIM
Figure 2.
Front panel layout (with protection cover removed)
Service interfaces
Some service interfaces are provided on the front panel of the system under a protection cover. It is possible
to remove this cover by removing the two Torx screws.
Warning:
While the protection cover is removed it is not possible to maintain the IP protection
grade
The service interfaces can be used for debugging, firmware uploading, system configuration and diagnostics:
•
SIM card holder for HSDPA
•
SIM card holder for GSM/GPRS
•
CISCO 3200 ISR serial console port
•
ECC serial console port
•
USB1.1 port of embedded controller for firmware upgrading
LED indicators
On the front panel of the system there are 6 LED indicators with functions as described below.
10
LED Number
Function
Comments
1
Not Connected
-
2
Power Good
+12 V present
3
GSM activity
Software programmable
4
HSDPA activity
Software programmable
5
Power #1 On
5 V present
6
Power #2 On
3.3 V present
DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
Rear panel connector layout
Power supply
HSPDA/GSM/GPRS
Ethernet 10/100
Antennas
GND
Figure 3.
Connector
Rear side connector layout
Type
Function availability
Connector:
A1
•
Receptacle MIL-26482 coaxial; 3-pin; shell size 12
P/N: Souriau MS3470L12-3BN
•
Coaxial Contact #16 for cable RG174A/U
P/N: Souriau 8526-1-001A
•
HSDPA Antenna
•
GSM/GPRS Antenna
•
110Vdc nominal input power
•
Ethernet 10/100 Mbps
•
Allows the connection of the
system chassis to the chassis
ground of the installation.
Mating with:
•
Plug MIL-26482 series; 3-pin; shell size 12
•
P/N: Souriau 851-02E-1203P5044
Connector:
•
M1
Plug MIL-26482 series; 3-pin; shell size 12
P/N: Souriau 851-02E-1203P5044
Mating with:
•
Receptacle MIL-26482; 3-pin; shell size 12
P/N: Souriau 851-06RCI2-0355044
Connector:
•
M2
Receptacle MIL-26482; RJ45; shell size 12
P/N: Amphenol RJF22N00.
Mating with:
GND
•
Plug MIL-26482; RJ45; shell size 12
P/N: Amphenol RJF6MN.
•
Grounding terminal for an M4 ring Faston connector
Table 1.
Connector definitions
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DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
A1 pinout
A
C
B
Pin#
Signal
A
HSDPA Antenna
B
GSM/GPRS Antenna
C
Not internally connected
Pin#
Signal
A
VIN+
B
Not internally connected
C
VIN-
M1 pinout
C
A
B
Note:
These inputs are galvanically isolated from the system.
VIN- is not connected to the system ground nor to the chassis.
M2 pinout
1
8
12
Pin#
Signal
1
TX+
2
TX-
3
RX+
4
Unused
5
Unused
6
RX-
7
Unused
8
Unused
DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
Chapter 2 Physical Installation
Physical installation may only be performed by trained and authorized personnel. The electrical installation
must adhere to local regulation requirements. The instructions for use must be followed at all times.
Installation considerations
•
The device must not be accessible to passengers nor operational staff (excluding maintenance).
•
The unit must be placed such that there is sufficient space for connecting the cables and removing the
protection cover.
•
A minimum clearance of 50mm around the device should be ensured in order to avoid possible
overheating. The space required by the connectors and cables can be up to 90mm, therefore sufficient
space should be reserved for installing the system.
•
The device must be secured firmly. A device that is inadequately fixed may cause danger to people or
other equipment in the vehicle. The safety instructions of the vehicle must be followed rigorously.
•
The device must be mounted inside an appropriate equipment cabinet.
•
The device can be fixed in any orientation (vertical, transversal and longitudinal)
The DuraMAR-2150 anodized enclosure is built from two extruded aluminium parts. The outside dimensions
excluding connectors are:
Length (mm)
254
Width (mm)
129
Height (mm)
83
Square nuts (as shown in the diagram below) are mounted within slots on the system casing and therefore
can be positioned in a location to best suit the customer’s requirements.
=
105
=
243
SQUARE NUT M4 INOX A2 DIN562
Figure 4.
Slots and Square nuts dimensions (mm)
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DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
External Connections
Only devices that meet SELV circuits (Security Extra Low Voltage) requirements in accordance with the
EN60950 standard should be connected to the interfaces of the DuraMAR-2150.
All connection cable plugs must be screwed or locked to the housing.
To maintain the Protection class, the connectors of the external cable must be adequately sealed and every
unused connector must be covered.
Ensure that all connected cables, particularly the power cables, are positioned in areas where people or
machinery do not risk entanglement or being hit by the system.
Vehicle power should only be connected after the installation of the system has been completed.
All unused cables should be isolated or removed if possible.
The cables must be shielded and the shields have to be grounded on both sides.
The system must be grounded using the connection terminal in Rear Panel with the shortest possible
connection (max 20cm) using a low resistance cable.
Warning:
Electric current from power and communication cables is hazardous. To avoid shock
hazard when connecting or disconnecting cables, follow appropriate safety
precautions. Ensure that the correct operating voltage is used when powering the
device.
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DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
Chapter 3 System Operation
This chapter illustrates the operation of the Eurotech Communication Controller (ECC) and its interaction
with the CISCO 3200 ISR. If not otherwise stated, hereafter the word “system” will implicitly refer to ECC
subsystem only.
Overview
The ECC is a standard x86-based system running a Linux kernel and a preinstalled application software
(hereafter referred to as ECC firmware).
The ECC firmware provides a command line interface by which the user can obtain status information and
perform configuration and maintenance operations. Available status information includes: network interface
status, signal quality, availability of HSDPA service, internal temperatures as well as CPU parameters such
as memory usage and CPU load. Some of this information can be also accessed using SNMP protocol.
The system is equipped with three different network interfaces:
•
one 10/100 Mbps Ethernet interface (eth0)
•
one 3G cellular interface (hsdpa0) used for providing HSDPA connectivity to the CISCO 3200 ISR
•
one 2G cellular interface (gprs0) available as a backup interface for accessing the system in case of
failure on the 3G interface
Operation Mode
The system is capable of operating in two modes:
•
Routing Mode
• Bridging Mode
The mode of operation depends on the configuration of the HSDPA interface (see further).
Routing mode
In Routing mode the ECC operates as a standard router connected to the CISCO 3200 ISR with an Ethernet
link. In this mode a couple of private IP addresses are used on the link between ECC and the CISCO 3200
ISR with NAT (Network Address Translation) translation enabled on the wireless HSDPA interface.
This mode is suitable when there is no special requirement for the IP address used on the CISCO 3200 ISR
router interface.
Bridging mode
In Bridging Mode the ECC will pass the carrier-assigned public IP address back to the CISCO 3200 ISR and
assumes an address in the same subnet for preserving IP connectivity. This public IP address can be
statically assigned to the CISCO 3200 ISR interface or made dynamically available using the DHCP protocol.
This mode is suitable for installations where a single public IP address negotiated on the wireless HSDPA
link must be made available on the CISCO 3200 ISR router interface.
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DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
DuraMAR-2150 configuration
The configuration of DuraMAR-2150 system involves the configuration of the CISCO 3200 ISR and ECC
subsystems.
•
The CISCO 3200 ISR subsystem can be configured using the console interface available on the panel
side under the removable protection cover. The serial communication parameters must be set to
9600N81 (9600 baud, No parity, 8 bit data size, 1 Stop bit). There is no username or password defined
in the default configuration. Please refer to the documentation provided by CISCO for detailed
configuration of the CISCO 3200 ISR devices.
•
The ECC subsystem can be configured using the console interface available on the front panel under
the service panel. The serial console communication parameters must be set as 115200N81 (115200
baud, No parity, 8 bit data size, 1 Stop bit).
Command Line Interface
The Command Line Interface (CLI) is a text-based user interface that provides a set of commands to
configure the settings and monitor functions and status of the system. These commands and the way the CLI
is used is very similar to the CISCO IOS® command interface making the use of CLI easy to adopt for
experienced CISCO IOS® users.
The CLI is available to the user by connecting a terminal emulator to the serial console port interface (the
one under the service panel) or by accessing the system through a SSH session. In both cases to access
the CLI the user is asked to provide the following login information:
•
username: admin
• password: admin (default)
Once logged in, the user enters to a CLI session. The CLI will show a prompt and will wait for user input. The
session is terminated when the user logs out.
A help command ('?') is available at any time for a list of available commands or the required parameters that
must be typed as arguments of a given command.
The CLI uses two different modes of operation:
•
User Mode
•
Configuration Mode
User Mode
Logging in to the device places the user in User Mode. In this mode the prompt consists of the host name
assigned to the system followed by a pound sign (#), as shown in the following example:
HSDPA-rt#
The default host name is empty so the initial prompt will be composed only of the pound symbol (#). The host
name can be changed issuing the hostname command.
To view the list of commands available in this mode, the user can type a question mark as shown in the
following example:
HSDPA-rt# ?
Show
Configure
Copy
Debug
Undebug
Exit
16
Show running system information
Enter configuration mode
Load or save configuration
Enable debugging information on terminal
Disable debugging information on terminal
Exit from the cli
DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
Configuration Mode
The Configuration Mode is used to configure the system. This mode provides two sub-modes of operation:
Global or Specific, depending on what part of the system the user is configuring. Specific mode allows
access to the configuration area of one of the system components, hardware or software, while Global mode
allows access to global configuration parameters affecting the whole system.
To enter the Configuration Mode from User Mode issue the command: configure. When entering
Configuration Mode you will find yourself in Global configuration mode.
The system prompt changes to indicate that now you are in Global configuration mode as shown below:
HSDPA-rt(config)#
Commands entered in Configuration Mode update the running configuration immediately, as soon as the
command is entered. However, these changes are not saved in the start-up configuration file until you issue
the copy running User mode command to save the configuration.
Entering a string identifying a specific system component while in Configuration Mode makes the user enter
the Specific configuration mode. Commands available in this mode are specific for the component you are
configuring.
As an example, to configure the Ethernet interface (eth0), you will issue the command interface eth0.
Entering this command moves you to the specific configuration mode of the selected component and the
prompt changes accordingly as shown in the following example below:
HSDPA-rt(config)# interface eth0
HSDPA-rt(config-if-eth0)#
While in Specific configuration modes such as in the example above, the commands available are only
related to the specific component as shown below:
HSDPA-rt(config-if-eth0)# ?
description
Interface description
IP
IP Protocol config commands
enable
Enable the selected interface
mobile
Enable mobile subsystem on this interface
mtu
Change the mtu size for this interface
nat
Enable NAT services on this interface
exit
Exit from interface configuration mode
To exit from Specific configuration mode thus returning to Global configuration mode use the exit
command. To end the configuration session issue the exit command from Global configuration mode.
Using the no-form of commands
Almost every configuration command has a no-form that is used to reset or disable the specific configuration
parameter/value.
For example the following commands:
HSDPA-rt(config-if-eth0)# enable
HSDPA-rt(config-if-eth0)# no enable
will first enable (or activate) and then disable (or deactivate) the Ethernet interface.
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DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
As another example, the following commands:
HSDPA-rt(config)# route 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0 via 10.11.3.1
HSDPA-rt(config)# no route 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0
will first set up a static route and then remove it.
Using commands history
The CLI stores a history of commands that you have entered. This feature is particularly useful for recalling
long or complex command or entry strings. In order to recall commands from the command history buffer,
use the up and down arrows keys. The history is not preserved across CLI sessions.
Configuration files
The configuration file looks like a plain text file that contains the commands used to define the functionality of
the system. The commands included in the configuration file are executed automatically when the system is
powered-on or when the user enters a command from the CLI in Configuration Mode.
There are two different types of configuration files:
•
a start-up configuration file that is used during system start-up to configure the controller and that is
stored in a non-volatile memory
•
a running configuration file that contains the current active configuration
These two configuration files can be different. Configuration changes persist across CLI sessions, but will not
be recorded in the start-up configuration file and will be lost as soon as the system is rebooted or switched
off. To preserve the changes the user must save the running configuration on the system non-volatile
memory using the copy running command while in User mode.
The user can also save the running configuration to a file using the copy running file_name command
and reload it later using the copy file_name running command.
The user can switch between different configuration files using the copy file_name startup command.
The complete syntax of the copy command is the following:
copy running
Copies current running configuration to the start-up configuration file
copy startup
Loads the current start-up configuration file on to the current running configuration
copy running file_name
Copies the current running configuration file to the specified file
copy file_name running
Copies the specified configuration file on to the current running configuration
copy file_name startup
Copies the specified configuration file on to the start-up configuration file
The contents of the running or the start-up configuration file can be examined by issuing the show running
and show startup commands, respectively.
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DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
Network interfaces general configuration
To configure a network interface the user must enter the Specific Configuration Mode for the given interface
by issuing the interface if-name command while in Configuration Mode. The prompt will change
accordingly.
For example:
HSDPA-rt(config)# interface hsdpa0
HSDPA-rt(config-if-haspa0)#
The list of available interfaces can be obtained by issuing the show interface command.
Ethernet interface configuration
To configure the Ethernet interface the user must perform the following steps:
1.
2.
3.
4.
configure
interface if-name
ip address ip-address [mask] [link-gw]
enable
If you don’t specify any net-mask the system will use a standard class net-mask based on the IP address
itself. The link-gw parameter is the IP address of the gateway used for outgoing traffic from this interface.
The available commands for configuring the Ethernet interface are the following:
description
Adds a text description for the interface
ip address addr [mask] [link gw]
Assigns an IP address to the interface
mtu
Sets the IP Maximum Transmit Unit (MTU)
tcpmss
Forces the TCP Maximum Segment Size for the sessions entering or exiting from the
interface
nat
Enables Network Address Translation. The source address of all of the packets sent out
through this interface will be changed to the IP address assigned to the interface itself
enable
Activates the specific interface
HSDPA interface configuration
The configuration of the HSDPA interface affects the system’s operation mode.
Router Mode
In Router Mode the system operates as a standard router: all the traffic that comes in from the Ethernet
interface is routed through the 3G wireless link.
To configure the system for operating in Router Mode, the hsdpa0 interface must have the NAT service
enabled and must be used as default route for the outgoing traffic. The IP connectivity between the CISCO
3200 ISR and the ECC must be properly configured and the IP address assigned to the eth0 interface of the
ECC must be configured as default gateway on the CISCO 3200 ISR.
The steps required to configure the interface for Router Mode are as follows:
1.
configure
2.
interface if-name
3.
apn network_name
4.
defaultroute
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DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
5.
nat enable
6.
enable
7.
exit
8.
exit
Please note that the exit command must be issued twice.
An example of a Router Mode configuration follows:
Version: 1.0.0 - $Rev: 317 $
!
hostname HSDPA-rt
interface eth0
ip address 172.16.10.1 255.255.255.252
enable
!
interface hsdpa0
ip address negotiated
enable
apn web.omnitel.it
mode auto
defaultroute
nat enable
The CISCO 3200 ISR must be configured accordingly as in the example below:
!
interface FastEthernet0/0
ip address 10.200.1.24 255.255.0.0
duplex auto
speed auto
!
..........
..........
!
interface FastEthernet1/3
!
interface Vlan1
ip address 172.16.10.2 255.255.255.252
!
!
ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 172.16.10.1
Note that the FastEthernet 1/3 interface is a switched interface so the IP address must be assigned to a
VLAN interface and can’t be directly assigned to the Ethernet interface as for fa0/0 (which is a fully routed
interface).
Bridge Mode
In Bridge Mode the system will pass the carrier-assigned public IP address of HSDPA interface back to the
CISCO 3200 ISR allowing the latter to use this address as it was directly assigned to its Ethernet interface.
The steps required to configure the interface for Bridge Mode are:
1.
configure
2.
interface if-name
3.
apn network_name
4.
pppbridge if-name dynamic | static
5.
enable
6.
exit
7.
exit
Bridge Mode can be dynamic or static.
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DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
Dynamic Bridge Mode
In Dynamic Bridge Mode the carrier-assigned public IP address is made available to the CISCO 3200 ISR
FastEthernet interface using the DHCP-protocol; then the first (.1) or last (.254) IP address of the network
that this address belongs to is automatically assigned to the ECC Ethernet interface in order to guarantee
local IP-connectivity.
For example if the carrier assigns 114.22.34.2 to the PPP connection this address will be made available to
the CISCO 3200 ISR using DHCP and the address 114.22.34.1 will be assigned to the ECC eth0 interface.
In this case DHCP responses will contain 114.22.34.1 as default gateway.
Dynamic Bridge Mode is the default mode and must be used when the IP address assigned by the wireless
provider is not fixed but can change from one connection to another.
An example of a Dynamic Bridge Mode configuration follows:
! Version 0.1
!
hostname myhost-hsdpa
!
interface eth0
no IP address
enable
!
interface hsdpa0
IP address negotiated
apn myhost
pppbridge eth0 dynamic
enable
!
Note that, with this configuration, the eth0 interface can’t have an IP address assigned.
The CISCO 3200 ISR must be configured accordingly as in the example below:
!
interface FastEthernet0/0
ip address 10.200.1.24 255.255.0.0
duplex auto
speed auto
!
..........
..........
!
interface FastEthernet1/3
!
interface Vlan1
ip address dhcp
!
!
Note that in this case the IP address of vlan1 interface is dynamically assigned by the DHCP server.
Static Bridge Mode
Static Bridge Mode should be used when the carrier-assigned public IP address is fixed. In this case, there is
no need to use the DHCP-protocol, while the fixed address can be directly configured to the CISCO 3200
ISR Ethernet interface and the IP address assigned to the eth0 interface of the HSDPA controller must be
chosen and configured by the user. This address must also be defined as default gateway on the CISCO
3200 ISR.
Forcing the cellular network to use
By default the hsdpa0 interface automatically uses the 2G (GSM) or 3G (WCDMA) network depending on the
quality of the signal.
You can force the device to use only 2G or only 3G networks using the mode command.
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DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
Commands reference
The following table lists the available commands for configuring the HSDPA interface:
description
Adds a text description for the interface
mtu
Sets the IP Maximum Transmit Unit (MTU)
tcpmss
Forces the TCP maximum segment size for the sessions entering
or exiting from the interface
defaultroute
The interface will be used as default gateway
apn network_name
Defines the Access Point Name (APN) for the PDP context
username username
Username to use during authentication. Do not use this if the
wireless operator does not require any authentication
password password
Password to use for authentication. Do not use if the wireless
operator does not require any authentication
pppbridge ifname [ static | dynamic ]
Enables bridge service on this interface.
•
bridge static performs the proper setup of the PPP link. The
Ethernet interface of the controller and of the router must be
manually configured
•
bridge dynamic performs the proper setup of the PPP link
and makes the public IP address from the wireless provider
available to the router interface using DHCP protocol. The
IP address of the router should be configured to use DHCP
nat
Enables Network Address Translation on outgoing traffic. The
source address of all of the packets sent though the PPP link will
be changed to the address of the PPP link itself. Function not
available if bridge dynamic is used
mode [ auto | 2G| 3G ]
Forces the type of cellular network to be used
enable
Activates the specific interface
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DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
HSDPA interface information
The current status of the HSDPA interface can be retrieved using the show interface hsdpa0 command in
User Mode:
HSDPA-rt# show interface hsdpa0
Interface hsdpa0 is Enabled physical status is PPP
Hardware type is HSDPA modem
Network in use : HSDPA Cat. 6 (3.6Mbps)
IP address is 91.80.172.179 255.255.255.255
link gateway is not set
MTU 0 bytes qdisc is
up
From the output of this command the user will known: the interface status (enabled or disabled), the PPP link
status (up or down), the IP address provided by the ISP and the type of network in use (GPRS if 2G or
UMTS, EDGE or HSDPA for 3G networks).
Cellular network information
You can get detailed information about the current status and availability of the cellular network for the
hsdpa0 interface issuing the command show modem status in User Mode.
From the output of this command the user can know almost everything about the status of network
registration.
Here is an example of the output of this command in a good 3G coverage area:
HSDPA-rt# show modem status
Current status for modem interface hsdpa0
Current Time: 131566
Temperature: 50
Bootup Time:
57997
Mode:
ONLINE
System mode:
WCDMA
PS state:
Attached
WCDMA band:
IMT2000
GSM band:
Unknown
WCDMA channel: 10564
GSM channel: 65535
GMM (PS) state:REGISTERED
NORMAL SERVICE
MM (CS) state: IDLE
NORMAL SERVICE
WCDMA L1 State:L1M_DCH
RX level (dBm):-70
RRC State:
CELL_DCH
This is the output of the show modem status command in an area with no 3G coverage:
HSDPA-rt# show modem status
Current status for modem interface hsdpa0
Current Time: 8904
Temperature: 47
Bootup Time:
2
Mode:
ONLINE
System mode:
WCDMA
PS state:
Attached
WCDMA band:
IMT2000
GSM band:
GSM900
WCDMA channel: 10638
GSM channel: 65535
GMM (PS) state:REGISTERED
LIMITED SERVICE
MM (CS) state: IDLE
LIMITED SERVICE
WCDMA L1 State:L1M_PCH_SLEEP
RX level (dBm):-104
RRC State:
DISCONNECTED
Note the LIMITED SERVICE values for GMM and MM fields and the DISCONNECTED RCC state.
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DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
The relevant fields in the output of this command are:
Temperature
The internal temperature of the ECC HSDPA module
System mode
GPRS (2G) or WCDMA (3G)
GMM and MM state
NORMAL SERVICE or LIMITED SERVICE
RCC_STATE
The registration status, CELL_DCH, CELL_FACH, DISCONNECTED (for 3G networks only)
RX level
The quality of the signal received by the module
SNMP configuration
The system can be monitored using the SNMP protocol. Only SNMP version 2c is supported. The available
information includes:
•
the current 3G network type used by the hsdpa0 interface
•
the signal quality on the hsdpa0 interface
•
the internal temperature of HSDPA modem
• the internal temperature of CPU
SNMP traps are sent to the configured manager host if the temperatures of the HSDPA module or the CPU
exceed a predefined fixed value and whenever there is a change on the 3G network type.
The basic configuration of the SNMP agent requires only the definition of a community name and the
enabling of the service. Here are the required steps:
1. configure
2. snmp-server community private
3. snmp-server enable
4. exit
The complete list of commands available for the SNMP agent configuration is listed below:
snmp-server community string
Sets the community name (this is a mandatory step)
snmp-server contact string
Sets the contact name
snmp-server location string
Sets the locations of the device
snmp-server name string
Sets the logical name of the device
snmp-server host ip-address
Sets the IP address of the management station
snmp-server enable
Enables the SNMP agent service
You can view the SNMP server status and configuration issuing the show snmp-server command.
System administration
Changing 'admin' user password
The user can change the password that is used to protect the admin user logon.
While in Configuration Mode, the passwd command is used to perform the change. The user will be asked for
the new password to be assigned to the admin user. The password is not echoed on the screen for security
reasons. Moreover, the passwd command is not shown in either running or start-up configuration files.
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DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
Limiting remote access to the system
Access to the system by connecting through the gprs0 interface can be restricted to a list of specific IP
addresses. There are no limits to the number of IP addresses in the list.
By default there is no access restriction. By issuing one or more set admin-ip ip-address commands the
user can restrict the access to only the given IP addresses.
The no-form of the command removes the permission. If the list is empty, the access will be automatically
granted from any IP address.
Here is an example that allows access from just two IP address:
!
set admin-ip 217.22.11.23
set admin-ip 217.22.11.24
!
These restrictions apply to any kind of IP traffic coming from an IP address that is not included in the list,
thus also SSH, SNMP and ICMP packets will be rejected.
Rebooting the system
An immediate reboot of the ECC system can be performed by issuing the reboot command. Please note
that this command will reboot ECC only, while CISCO 3200 ISR subsystem will not be affected.
Setting controller time and date
The user can setup the controller time and date using the set time configuration command.
There is no internal battery for maintaining the system’s clock so, if the device is powered off for a couple of
hours or more, the time will be lost.
If you need or want to maintain a precise system time you can keep the system clock in sync with up to three
external NTP (Network Time Protocol) servers using the set ntp configuration command. Please note that
when the system operates in Bridge Mode, one or more static routes need to be defined for this feature to
work (see further for details)
The complete list of commands available for managing system time:
show time
Displays the current time and date
set time hh:mm[:ss] mm/dd/yyyy
Sets the current time and date values
set ntp <ip-address> [ip-address ip
address]
Defines up to three NTP servers
Setting the time zone
The internal clock is typically maintained in UTC coordinates. You can define the time zone in which the
system is used using the set tz configuration command.
The time zone is expressed defining the name of a geographical area (ie. Europe, Asia,..) followed by the
name of a city in that area (ie. Rome, Singapore,…). A question mark (?) can be used in place of the zone or
city names, to obtain a list of these fields.
The syntax of this command is:
set tz <area name> <city name>
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DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
Log files
Important events are logged on the flash memory. User can view the logged messages using the show log
system command. Because the size of the flash memory available for the log file is limited, the size of the log
file is checked periodically and, if it increases to more than 3MB, it is automatically resized to the last 1000
messages. At any moment user can clear the log file using the delete log configuration command.
Log messages can also be saved on a remote syslog server using the set log command. Please note that
when the system operates in Bridge Mode, one or more static routes need to be defined for this feature to
work (see further for details).
The complete list of commands available for managing log files:
show log
Displays the contents of the log file
clear log
Removes all of the log messages
set log <ip-address>
Defines the IP address of a remote syslog server
Setting up static routes to access external resources
In order to access an external resource (such as a NTP or syslog server) when the system operates in
Bridge Mode, the user must define one or more static routes through the gprs0 interface. This is required
because in Bridge Mode the system can only forward traffic to the default route (the hsdpa0 interface). The
syntax is:
route ip-address netmask dev gprs0
where ip-address and netmask are, respectively, the IP address and network mask of the external resource
destination.
Upgrading the system
ECC firmware can be upgraded using the upgradefrom command. This command will download a new
system image from a specific URL and automatically install it. For example:
HSDPA-r(config)# upgradefrom http://212.12.54.21/hymar-1.1.eff
An updated version of the controller firmware can be easily downloaded and installed from a remote HTTP or
FTP server.
The upgrade process is a three-step procedure:
•
the image file is downloaded alongside with some information that checks its integrity (an MD5 digest
contained in a plain text file)
•
the image file is processed for integrity check comparing the MD5 digests
•
the new valid image is saved on the flash memory and the default start-up configuration file is updated
accordingly
The upgradefrom configuration command performs all of these steps automatically. The syntax is the
following:
upgradefrom <URL-address>
At the end of the upgrade process the system must be rebooted without issuing the copy running
command. This is important because the upgrade procedure updates the content of the startup configuration
but not the content of the running configuration. Issuing the copy running command will overwrite the
correct configuration.
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DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
If needed the upgrade process can be performed manually with the following steps.
First the new firmware image must be downloaded, verified and saved to the flash memory. This can be
done using the download image command. This command will download the new image, check it’s
correctness and save it to the flash memory. The syntax is the following:
download image <URL-address>
Then the user should configure the system so that it will boot the new image at next reboot, using the boot
system configuration command. The syntax is the following:
boot system <image file name>
This command changes only the running configuration so, in this case, the user must issue the copy
running command before rebooting the system.
The boot system command can be used at any time for selecting one of the firmware images available on
the flash disk as the system boot image. The list of images saved on the flash can be obtained using the
show boot-images command, while old images can be removed using the delete boot-image
configuration command. This command can be used to free space on the flash memory thus providing room
for new images. The image installed by the manufacturer can’t be removed and is reported as default image
and it will be used if boot system command is removed from the configuration file.
The complete list of commands available for managing the system image files is listed below:
upgradefrom <URL-address>
Downloads and installs a new system image. At the end the system
must be rebooted without issuing a copy running command
download image <URL-address>
Downloads and saves on the flash memory a new system image file.
boot system <image-file>
Defines the image file to boot from. This is a configuration command
so user must save the running configuration for saving the changes.
show boot-images
Displays a list of the system image files currently on the flash
memory,
delete boot-image <image-file>
Removes from the flash memory the specified system image file.
URL address format
The address where a new system image can be downloaded is defined using a standard URL (Uniform
Resource Locator) address:
protocol://[username:password@]ip-address/file_name.eff
The protocols supported are HTTP and FTP, the remote server must be referred to using its IP address
instead of its name because the system is not capable of resolving DNS names.
System upgrade can also be performed via remote SSH connection. From a remote system issue the
command:
ssh admin@controller_IP updatefrom url
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DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
Installing a new firmware using the DuraMAR USB-disk key
Whenever the system doesn't boot as expected (for example in case some system file has become
corrupted or unreadable) or whenever a new fresh installation is required, the user can install the firmware
by using the provided USB-disk key. This operation is not intended be performed as routine maintenance but
only in case of serious problems.
The DuraMAR USB-disk key contains maintenance software that performs a series of operations, including
setting up the system storage memory layout and installing the firmware image contained in the USB-disk
key itself. The status of the process can be monitored through the serial console. This process erases all
the data already present on the ECC and sets-up the system with factory defaults.
The procedure for installing a new firmware image is as follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Connect the serial console available under the service panel.
Connect the USB adaptor cable to the mini USB port available under the service panel.
Connect the DuraMAR USB-disk key with the adaptor cable.
Reboot or switch-on the system.
The system will boot from the USB-disk key. While the boot loader is loading the maintenance
software, the light on the top of the USB-disk key flashes.
When the boot loader has finished loading the maintenance software, the light stops flashing and the
boot process begins. From this moment the system activity will be reported with messages on the
serial console.
At the end of the boot process the maintenance software performs the storage memory partitioning
and firmware installation.
The installation procedure successfully terminates when the “OK” message appears on the console,
otherwise a “KO” message notifies a failure.
Disconnect the USB-disk key and restart the system.
In case the installation process fails, the user must repeat the entire procedure.
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DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
Using the integrated CISCO router for hosting controller system image
files.
Downloading a new image might be quite difficult if the ECC is configured to operate in Bridge Mode. In this
configuration the HSDPA interface can’t be used by the ECC itself so users, setting the appropriate static
routes, must download the new image from a remote host through the slow GPRS interface or from a local
host connected to the CISCO Ethernet interface. The latter option is not a viable solution in Dynamic Bridge
Mode configuration.
Under these circumstances it might be useful, at first, to download the image file on the flash memory of the
CISCO router, that can use the HSDPA interface, and then, make this file available through the IOS
integrated HTTP server.
The steps to perform on the CISCO router are:
•
•
Copy from a remote server the image file (.eff) and its MD5 cecksum file (.md5). The IOS copy
command can copy a file from a remote host using different protocols like HTTP, FTP, TFTP, SSH and
RSH.
Configure and enable the embedded HTTP server:
ip http authentication local
ip http path flash:
ip http server
•
Define a local user with privilege access 15
user upgrade secret upgrade
user upgrade privilege 15
At this point you can install the new system image issuing, on the controller, the upgradefrom command.
For example:
upgradefrom http://upgrade:upgrade@ip-address/duramar2150-1.0.1.eff
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DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
DuraMAR-2150 service interface
A GPRS modem is included as part of the DuraMAR-2150 system in order to provide a diagnostics and
backup/emergency connection to the system in the event that the HSDPA link fails.
This GPRS modem has a serial interface and can be connected through a software-controlled switch either
to the AUX interface of the CISCO 3200 ISR or to the ttyS1 interface of ECC using a software command or
an SMS command message.
The gprs0 interface is a 2G cellular interface that is mainly targeted for maintenance activity.
This is a special interface because it can be disconnected from the ECC and connected to the AUX port of the
CISCO 3200 ISR using a software command. While connected to the ECC, its configuration is similar to the
configuration of the hsdpa0 interface.
While connected with the ECC the GPRS modem is accessible as gprs0 interface and allows you to
establish a PPP connection and to access the device through the Internet.
If switched to the CISCO 3200 ISR, the GPRS modem is accessible and configurable using standard IOS®
commands as a modem device connected to the AUX router port.
You can define the device that the GPRS modem is connected with using the command:
set gprs cisco | controller
The change is immediate; if you want this setup to be permanent, you must save the running configuration
issuing the copy running command.
The GPRS modem is connected to a dedicated microcontroller that can force a system hardware reset. The
reset functions can be asserted in response to a specific SMS command message.
In order for the message to be accepted by the system, it must be sent from a number that is contained in
the internal SIM phonebook, messages that are received from unknown numbers are removed from the
received message buffer.
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DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
The commands are represented by the text of the SMS message. Available commands:
SERCPU
Connects the GPRS modem serial interface to ECC ttyS1
interface
SERCISCO
Connects the GPRS modem serial interface to the AUX port of the
CISCO 3200 ISR
RESETCPU
Force a hardware reset of ECC.
RESETALL
Force a complete system reset with power-off/power-on cycling.
When a new SMS message is received, the subscriber number is checked against the available entries in
the phonebook and the command is executed only if the number is verified.
Phonebook entries can be managed from ECC CLI using the set phone-book command.
The complete syntax of the command is:
set phone-book <item> <number>
item identifies the entry and must be a number between 1 and 4
number is the authorized subscriber number and must include the international prefix (es. +39)
An item can be removed from the phonebook using the no-form of the command. For example the following
command will remove the item at position 2:
no set phone-book 2
In order for the changes to be written to the GPRS modem you must issue a copy running command,
otherwise any change will be lost after a system restart.
During the execution of this command, the gprs0 interface must be disabled, otherwise the modem phonebook can't be updated because the interface is in use by the ECC controller.
In case you are using a startup configuration with gprs0 interface enabled you must:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
disable the gprs0 interface first
apply changes to the phone-book entries
save the running configuration using the copy running command
enable the gprs0 interface
issue a copy running command again
In this case there is no need for accessing the GPRS serial interface during the execution of the copy
running command because the phone-book is unchanged.
Since the phone-book is loaded from the modem only when system is powered-on, after any change to the
phone-book entries the system must be switched off and then switched on again in order for the changes to
take effect.
Note:
Wait for about 30 seconds before switching on again
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DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
Chapter 4 Environmental and Electrical Specs
Mechanical Characteristics
The enclosure of the DuraMAR-2150 is made of black anodized aluminium, this is secured by two aluminium
end-plates which provide the connectors and user interfaces. A grounding terminal is available for
connecting the system chassis to the chassis ground of the installation.
Length (mm)
Width (mm)
Height (mm)
254
129
83
Environmental protection class:
IP65
Operating Characteristics
Electrical Operating Characteristics
The system must be powered by a direct current:
Power supply
110Vdc nominal – galvanically isolated
Power consumption
< 44W
Warning:
Electric current from power and communication cables is hazardous. To avoid shock
hazard when connecting or disconnecting cables, follow appropriate safety
precautions. Ensure that the correct operating voltage is used when powering the
device.
Operating Temperature Range
The system can operate in ambient temperature ranges (-20°C/+55°C; +70°C for 10 minutes). The system
components are conductively cooled to the enclosure. The DuraMAR-2150 enclosure is convection cooled.
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DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Storage Temperature Range:
-20°C to +70°C
Non-Condensing Relative Humidity:
<95% at 40°C
Warning: Stressing the device beyond the “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause
permanent damage. These are stress ratings only. Operation beyond the “Operating
Conditions” is not recommended. Extended exposure beyond the “Operating
Conditions” may affect device reliability.
Compliance
The system is compliant to the following standards:
Mechanical
Standard
Description
EN-61373
Shock and vibration – applicable to rail and rolling
stock installations
Environmental
Standard
Description
EN-50155
Operating temperature range - applicable to rail
and rolling stock installations
EN-60068
Environmental testing
Standard
Description
EN-60950
Safety – applicable to rail and rolling stock
installations
Safety
EMC, Immunity and emissions
34
Global Standard
Description
EN-50155 (including all substandards)
Electrical equipment – applicable to rail and
rolling stock installations
EN-55011
Conducted and radiated emissions
EN-61000 (including all substandards)
Immunity
Note:
Sub-standards and alternative naming
conventions for EMC standards are included. For
more information please contact Eurotech.
DuraMAR 2150 – User’s Manual
Revision History
REVISION
1.0
DESCRIPTION
DATE
First release
December 2008
35
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2
0
8 R 1
0