Campbell Scientific CR200X Datasheet

COMPONENT
CR200X Series
Measurement and Control Dataloggers
Rugged, Reliable, and Ready
for any Application
More info: 435.227.9000
campbellsci.com/cr200x-series
CR200X-Series1 Dataloggers/Wireless Sensors
RS-232 Port: Supports
communications with a
computer. The CR295X has a
second serial port dedicated
for satellite communications.
Input/Output Connections:
Measure, communicate with,
and power sensors.
{
LEDs: Indicate
datalogger is scanning, transmitting,
or receiving.
Benefits and Features
Campbell Scientific’s smallest, lowest cost datalogger
Optimal for measuring one or two simple sensors
512 kB of flash final storage memory; ~128,000 data points
Fastest scan rate of once per second
12-bit analog to digital conversions
Gas Discharge Tube (GDT) protected inputs
Data values stored in tables with a time stamp and record number
Battery-backed SRAM and clock that ensure data, programs, and
accurate time are maintained while a CR200X-series datalogger is
disconnected from the main power source
PakBus® communication protocol used, which is a simplified variation of Internet protocols
Input/Output Channels
Gas discharge tubes provide rugged electrostatic discharge protection for the inputs. The CR200X-series loggers have five single-ended
analog inputs, one switch closure pulse input, one low level ac pulse
input, two control ports, two excitation channels (2.5 or 5 V), and one
switched battery output. One of the control ports can be used as an
SDI-12 port. Input voltage range is 0 to +2500 mV with 0.6 mV resolution. Please note that differential measurements are not supported.
Program/Data Storage
Programs and data are stored in a non-volatile Flash memory. Final
storage has 512 kB of memory that provides approximately 128,000
data points in the table-based memory structure.
The CR200X-series dataloggers replaced the CR200-series dataloggers in December 2009. The CR200X-series datalogger allows 128 public variables
instead of 48 and allows eight tables instead of four. The compiled CRBasic program of a CR200X-series datalogger can be two times larger than the compiled CRBasic program of a CR200-series datalogger. For the CR200X series, all supported CRBasic instructions are in a single operating system version.
1
Models/Communications
Program Development Tools
All of the models can communicate with a PC via direct connect,
NL201 Network Link Interface, NL240 Wi-Fi Network Link, MD485
multidrop modem, and our digital cellular modems. Data can also be
viewed on an iOS device, an Android device, CD295 DataView II Display, or a user-supplied PDA. To use an iOS or Android device, go to the
Apple Store or Google Play and purchase our LoggerLink Mobile Apps.
User-supplied PDAs require either PConnect or PConnectCE software.
Other communications are model specific. The CR200X is the base
datalogger (i.e., supports communications listed at right). Our
CR206X, CR211X, and CR216X include an internal spread spectrum
radio that allow them to communicate wirelessly. The CR295X
includes an additional 9-pin serial port that allows communications
with the TX320 GOES satellite transmitter.
Short Cut is available from our website (at no charge) and on our
ResourceDVD. It is also bundled with PC200W, PC400, and LoggerNet Software.
The CR295X
and TX320
GOES satellite
transmitter are
often used for
stream stage,
water quality,
and rainfall
applications.
The programming language of the CR200X-series dataloggers is
CRBasic. Datalogger programs are developed using a program editor
(programs cannot be created or edited in the datalogger). Program
editors that can be used with these dataloggers include the CRBasic
Editor and Short Cut. The CRBasic Editor is included in our PC400 and
LoggerNet Datalogger Support Software. Short Cut can be obtained,
at no charge, from: www.campbellsci.com/downloads
Communication & Data Collection Tools
PC200W
Internal Spread Spectrum Radio2 of the CR206X, CR211X,
and CR216X
Model
Where Used
Power
Frequency
Communicates
With
CR206(X), RF401,
RF430, AVW206
CR206X
U.S., Canada
100 W
910 to
918 MHz
CR211X
Australia,
New Zealand
100 W
920 to
928 MHz
CR211(X), RF411,
RF431, AVW211
CR216X3
many
countries
worldwide
50 W
2.450 to
2.482 GHz
RF216(X), RF416,
RF432, AVW216
PC200W, our starter communications software, supports direct communications between a PC and a CR200X-series datalogger and provides numeric display of measurements PC200W can be obtained, at
no charge, from: www.campbellsci.com/downloads
PC400
PC400 Datalogger Support Software supports programming, manual
data collection, and data display. Both direct and telemetry communications are supported.
LoggerNet 2.1 or higher
Besides providing all of PC400’s functions, LoggerNet Datalogger Support Software supports automatic data collection and PakBus® routing.
The factory default settings for the logger may not match the settings for the RF401-series radio; therefore, the logger and radio must be reconfigured before
communications can take place. The "Quick Reference Guide for Setting Up RF401-to-CR206 Communications" application note provides more information (see www.campbellsci.com/app-notes).
3
Purchase of this product is not recommended for new networks deployed in the European Union (EU) that may require future expansion. This and other
RF compatible products will not be available for sale in Europe after 1/1/2015 due to changes in EU legislation.
2
Enclosures
Antennas and Antenna Accessories
CR206X and CR211X Antennas
The ENC200
is a very small
enclosure and
has the dimensions of 17 cm
by 14 cm by
9.4 cm (6.7 in
by 5.5 in by
3.7 in).
14204—0 dBd, omnidirectional ½ wave whip, jointed, adjustable
from 0° to 90°. Connects directly to the datalogger; no antenna
cable needed.
15970—1 dBd, dipole supplied with window/wall mount and a
10 foot RG-174 cable for connecting to the datalogger.
14221—3 dBd, omnidirectional with mounts; requires an antenna
cable to connect to the datalogger.
14201—9 dBd, Yagi with mounts; requires an antenna cable to
connect to the datalogger.
14201
Applications with minimal power requirements can use the ENC200
enclosure to house the datalogger and the #16869 sealed rechargeable battery. This very small enclosure has one power connector, one
antenna connector, and five compression fittings.
The ENC200 cannot house a barometer or a battery that is larger
than the #16869. However, an ENC10/12 or ENC12/14 enclosure is
adequate for most CR200X, CR206X, CR211X, or CR216X-based systems. An ENC16/18, ENC24/30, or ENC24/30S enclosure can house a
CR295X-based system.
14221
15970
Power Supply
Sealed rechargeable battery options for the CR200X, CR206X,
CR211X, or CR216X include the BP7 7 Ah battery and the #16869
0.8 Ah battery. These batteries should be recharged either with a
solar panel or ac wall charger. Campbell Scientific offers the SP5-L
5 W Solar Panel that attaches directly to the datalogger’s terminal
strip, and the SP5 5 W Solar Panel that plugs into the ENC200’s power
connector. AC wall charger options are the #15988 wall charger that
attaches directly to the datalogger’s terminal strip, and the #16876
wall charger that plugs into the ENC200’s power connector.
The SP5 and SP5-L
capture solar energy
via a 72-square inch
surface area. These
solar panels are suitable for sites with good
exposure to sunlight
and systems with low
power requirements.
Typical power supply for a CR295X-based system consists of a BP12
12 Ah or BP24 24 Ah battery pack, CH100 or CH200 regulator, and
SP10 10 W or SP20 20 W solar panel.
Above are antennas used with the CR206X and CR211X dataloggers. The
14201 Yagi antenna is intended for longer transmission distances.
CR216X Antenna
16005—0 dBd, ½ wave whip articulating. Connects directly to the
datalogger; no antenna cable needed.
30411—5.8 dBd (8 dBi), omnidirectional that uses the 13906
mounting hardware; requires an antenna cable to connect to the
datalogger.
16755—13 dBd, Yagi with mounts; requires an antenna cable to
connect to the datalogger.
Antenna Cables
COAXRPSMA-L—low-loss RG58 cable that is recommended for
lengths less than 3 m (10 ft).
COAXNTN-L—low-loss RG8 cable that is recommended for
lengths greater than 3 m (10 ft); requires a 14962 or 16982 surge
protector kit.
Antenna Surge Protector Kits
14462—Surge Protector Kit for the CR206X or CR211X; requires
the COAXNTN-L coaxial cable.
16982—Surge Protector Kit for CR216X; requires the COAXNTN-L
coaxial cable.
Compatible Sensors4
The CR200X-series dataloggers can measure a variety of sensors including SDI-12 sensors and 4 to 20 mA sensors. The parameters and
sensors in which the CR200X series can measure are listed below:
AC Current—CS11 Current Transformer.
Barometric Pressure—CS100, CS106, and 092 barometers.
Evaporation—255-100 Evaporation Gauge.
Leaf Wetness—237 and LWS leaf wetness sensors.
Multiparameter—WXT520 Weather Transmitter.
Precipitation—TE525, TE525WS, TE525MM, TB4, TB4MM, CS700,
and 52202 tipping bucket rain gages.
Relative Humidity—CS215, HMP60, HC2S3, 083E, and HMP155A
air temperature and relative humidity probes.l
Snow Depth—SR50A Sonic Ranging Sensor.
Soil Volumetric Water Content— EasyAG probe, EnviroSCAN
probe, CS650 reflectometer, and CS625 reflectometer. Our CS616
is not compatible.
Solar Radiation—CS300 Pyranometer. Our LI200X, LI190SB, LP02,
CMP3, CMP6, CMP11, CMP21, NR-LITE2, NR01, and CNR4 probes
are not compatible
Temperature—109, 109SS, and 110PV thermistors. Other temperature probes listed on our price lists including our 107/108
thermistors and thermocouples are not compatible.
Water Level—CS451, CS456, and CS460 pressure transducers;
CS410 Shaft Encoder; CS470 and CS471 compact bubblers;
CS475, CS476, and CS477 pulse radar sensors, and SR50A Sonic
Ranging Sensor.
Water Quality—OBS-3+ turbidity probe, OBS300 turbidity probe,
OBS500 turbidity probe with antifouling features, CS511 Dissolved
Oxygen Probe, 109 Temperature Probe, and 109SS Temperature
Probe. Our CS526, CS547A, CSIM11, CSIM11-ORP, 107, and 108
probes are not compatible.
Wind Speed and Direction—014A, 034B, 03101, 03002, 05103,
05106, 05305, 27106T, and WindSonic4 sensors. The WindSonic1,
CSAT3, and Zephir300 are not compatible.
The CS625 Water Content Reflectometer has a 0 to 3.3 V square wave frequency output.
The 109 thermistor can measure air, water, or soil temperature
from -50° to +70°C. This probe outputs a signal of 0 to 2.2 V.
The CR200X-series dataloggers can not make differential measurements. They are not compatible with the freezing-rain/ice, fuel moisture/temperature,
geographic position, present weather, soil heat flux, snow water equivalent, soil matric water potential, strain, and visibility sensors listed on our price lists.
Campbell Scientific’s SDM devices and multiplexers are also not supported.
4
CR206X/RF401-based Wireless Sensor Networks
Base Datalogger
Wireless
Interface
Office
CR800,
CR850,
CR1000, or
RF401
CR206X
CR3000
Supported “Telemetry
Links” include SC32B, RF401,
COM220, SRM-5A, NL100, and
some phone-to-RF combinations. Consult the factory for
more details.
Computer
Running
PCNEW
LoggerNet(misl)2.1 or higher
Wireless
Interface
Office
In a simple network, the measurements
are transmitted directly to the computer.
RF401
CR206X
Computer
Running
PCNEW
LoggerNet(misl)2.1 or higher
Applications
Wireless Sensor Networks
The CR206X, CR211X, and CR216X can be used in a wireless sensor
network. Wireless sensor networks are appealing because they are
often more economical than trenching, laying conduit, and pulling
wire. In some applications, cabled sensors are impractical due to
man-made or natural causes, including construction, lightning, moving platforms, agricultural production, or bodies of water.
The diagrams at the top of the page depict our CR206X/RF401-based
wireless sensor networks. Our CR211X/RF411-based and CR216X/
RF416-based networks are similar.
All wireless sensor networks require LoggerNet 2.1 or higher software.
The base datalogger must use the PakBus communication protocol
(e.g., CR800, CR850, CR1000, CR3000). The PakBus protocol was optional for our retired CR510, CR10X, and CR23X dataloggers; the PakBus
operating system is available, at no charge, from www.campbellsci.
com/downloads for these dataloggers.
Other Applications
Aquaculture—monitors and records water quality around the
clock providing continuous data that can be used to identify
trends and improve production.
Rural Water—provides continuous monitoring of the water system regardless of time of day or time of year. All monitored sites
can be networked into one integrated system.
Water Level/Flow—measures level in many environments including wells, dams, streams, weirs, and water treatment or wastewater treatment plants. Compatible with shaft encoder, pressure
transducers, compact bubblers, radar water level sensors, and
sonic ranging sensor.
Water Quality—monitors and records water temperature, pH,
dissolved oxygen, and turbidity.
Wind Energy—can be deployed in a wireless network configuration to provide cost effective monitoring at each level of a wind
assessment tower while avoiding long cables.
CR200X-series Datalogger Specifications
Electrical specifications are valid over a -40° to +50°C range unless otherwise specified; non-condensing environment required. We recommend that
you confirm system configuration and critical specifications with Campbell Scientific before purchase.
ANALOG INPUTS; DIGITAL I/O
Channels SE1 to SE5 can be individually configured
for single-ended measurement or digital I/O.
SINGLE-ENDED MEASUREMENT (SE1 TO SE5):
Analog Input Range: 0 ≤ V < 2.5 Vdc
Measurement Resolution: 0.6 mV
Measurement Accuracy
Typical: ±(0.25% of reading + 1.2 mV offset)
over -40° to +50°C
Worst-case: ±(1% of reading + 2.4 mV offset) over -40° to 50°C
DIGITAL I/O (SE1 TO SE5):
Input/Output High State: 2.1 to 3.3 Vdc
Input/Output Low State: <0.9 Vdc
Output High State: 3.3 V (no load)
Drive Current: 220 µA @ 2.7 Vdc
Maximum Input Voltage: 4 Vdc
HALF BRIDGE MEASUREMENTS:
Accuracy: Relative to the excitation.
Using +2.5 Vdc excitation, is
±(0.06% of reading + 2.4 mV)/(2.5 Vdc)
PERIOD AVERAGING (SE1 TO SE4):
Maximum Input Voltage: 4 Vdc
Frequency Range: 0 to 150 kHz
Voltage Threshold: counts cycles on transition
from <0.9 Vdc to >2.1 Vdc
EXCITATION CHANNELS (VX1 AND VX2):
Range: Programmable 0, 2.5, 5 Vdc, or
off (floating)
Accuracy: ±25 mV on +2.5 Vdc range, ±125 mV
on +5.0 Vdc range
Maximum Current: 25 mA on +2.5 Vdc range,
10 mA on +5.0 Vdc range
CONTROL PORTS (C1 AND C2)
DIGITAL I/O:
Voltage Level When Configured as Input:
<0.9 Vdc (low state) to >2.7 Vdc (high state)
Voltage Level When Configured as Output:
0 V (low state), 5 Vdc (high state) (no load)
Logic Level: TTL
Drive Current: 1.5 mA @ 4.5 V
Maximum Input: ±20 V
Note: C1 and C2 can be used for switch closure
using the battery voltage and a 100 kOhm
pull-up resistor. If the dc offset is >0.5 V, then
AC coupling is required.
COMMUNICATIONS
SOLAR PANEL: 10 W or smaller when using
on-board charging circuit.
SERIAL INTERFACE: Female RS-232 9-pin
interface for logger-to-PC communications
ON-BOARD SPREAD SPECTRUM RADIO:
Frequency: 915 MHz (CR206X),
922 MHz (CR211X), or 2.4 GHz (CR216X)
Transmission Range: 1 mile with 0 dBd ¼ wave
antenna (line-of-sight) and 900 MHz radios;
0.6 miles (1 km) with 0 dBd ½ wave antenna
(line-of-sight) and 2.4 GHz radio;
up to 10 miles with higher gain antenna
(line-of-sight)
RF4XX used as a base station radio
Transmitter Power Output:
100 mW (CR206X, CR211X);
50 mW (CR216X)
AVAILABLE RADIO TRANSMISSION MODES:
Always on, program controlled
Cycle Time: 1 or 8 s cycles; on for 100 ms every
period; checks for incoming communication
Scheduled Transmission Time: off until transmission time
PakBus® packet switching network protocol
CLOCK ACCURACY
8.2 minutes/month @ -40° to +50°C; 1 minute/month
@ +25°C
CPU AND STORAGE
FINAL STORAGE: 500 kB Flash, data format
is 4 Bs per data point (table-based)
SRAM: 8 kB
COMPILED PROGRAM STORAGE: up to 19.6 kB
depending on structure of CRBasic program
OPERATING SYSTEM FLASH: 106 kB
FASTEST SCAN RATE: once per second
SDI-12: SDI-12 sensors connect to C1
SWITCHED BATTERY (SW BATTERY)
PULSE COUNTERS
SWITCH CLOSURE (P_SW):
Maximum Count Rate: 100 Hz
Minimum Switch Open Time: 5 ms
Minimum Switch Closed Time: 5 ms
Maximum Bounce Time: 4 ms
PULSE COUNT (P_SW, C1, AND C2):
Voltage Threshold: count on transition from
<0.9 V to >2.7 Vdc
Minimum Pulse Width: 320 µs
Maximum Input Frequency: 1 kHz
Max Input Voltage: C1 & C2 (6.5 V), P_SW (4 Vdc)
LOW LEVEL AC (P_LL):
Voltage Threshold: <0.5 to >2 V
Minimum Input: 20 mV RMS
Maximum Frequency: 1 kHz
Switched under program control; 300 mA minimum
current available
Alkaline cells, lithium, or other non-rechargeable
battery types may be connected if the charging
circuit is not used (i.e., nothing connected to
Charge terminals).
CHARGER INPUT VOLTAGE: 16 to 22 Vdc
WALL CHARGER: 1 A or smaller when using on board charging circuit.
SHELF LIFE OF CLOCK’S BACKUP BATTERY:
5 years
CURRENT DRAIN (@12 V)
QUIESCENT CURRENT DRAIN:
No Radio or Radio Powered Off: ~0.2 mA
ACTIVE CURRENT DRAIN:
No radio ~3 mA
Radio receive ~20 mA (CR206X, CR211X),
~36 mA (CR216X)
Radio transmit ~75 mA (CR206X, CR211X,
CR216X)
AVERAGE CONTINUOUS CURRENT DRAIN:
Radio always on ~20 mA (CR206X, CR211X),
~36 mA (CR216X)
Radio in 1 s duty cycle ~2.2 mA (CR206X,
CR211X), ~4 mA (CR216X)
Radio in 8 s duty cycle ~0.45 mA (CR206X,
CR211X), ~0.8 mA (CR216X)
CE COMPLIANCE (as of 03/02)
CE COMPLIANT DATALOGGERS: CR200X,
CR206X, CR211X, CR216X
STANDARD(S) TO WHICH CONFORMITY IS
DECLARED: IEC61326:2002
EMI AND ESD PROTECTION
IMMUNITY: Meets or exceeds following standards:
ESD: per IEC 1000-4-2; ±8 kV air, ±4 kV contact discharge
RF: per IEC 1000-4-3; 3 V/m, 80-1000 MHz
EFT: per IEC 1000-4-4; 1 kV power, 500 V I/O
Surge: per IEC 1000-4-5; 1 kV power and I/O
Conducted: per IEC 1000-4-6; 3 V 150 kHz-80 MHz
Emissions and immunity performance criteria available on request.
PHYSICAL
POWER
CASE DESCRIPTION: Aluminum with spring-loaded
terminals
BATTERY VOLTAGE RANGE: 7 to 16 Vdc
(can program datalogger to measure internal
battery voltage)
DIMENSIONS (including terminals):
14.0 cm x 7.6 cm x 5.1 cm; 5.5 in x 3 in x 2 in
MAXIMUM CONTINUOUS BATTERY CHARGING
CURRENT:
0.9 A @ 20°C; 0.65 A @ 50°C
RECOMMENDED BATTERIES: 12 Vdc, 7 A h or
smaller sealed rechargeable battery when
connected to the on-board charging circuit.
Using larger batteries with the datalogger's
built-in charger may result in excessive PC
board heating. This is especially a concern
when the battery is deeply discharged or failing
with a shorted cell.
WEIGHT:
CR200X or CR295X: 242 g (8.5 oz)
CR206X, CR211X, or CR216X: 271 g (9.5 oz)
CUSTOM CASE: available for OEM applications;
contact Campbell Scientific
WARRANTY
Three year covering parts and labor.
®
Campbell Scientific, Inc. | 815 W 1800 N | Logan, UT 84321-1784 | (435) 227-9000 | www.campbellsci.com
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Campbell Scientific, Inc.
March 3, 2014