Sharp MD-S10E Specifications

Highway House
Palmerston NT 0830
PO Box 61
Palmerston NT 0831
ABOUT THIS SPECIFICATION
This document was prepared by the Department of Planning and Infrastructure, and specifies the
general standards of materials and workmanship required by the Department for small building works
including services and landscape.
It applies to new work, restoration work and maintenance and may be used as a blanket reference
document or combined with the Project Specific Requirements to identify particular items where a
selection is offered in the reference text.
The text is based on NATSPEC, the national building specification produced by Construction
Information Systems Australia Pty Ltd of which the Department of Planning and Infrastructure, is a
stakeholder.
The referenced Australian Standards are current as of 1 April 2009 and this document is compatible
with the Building Code of Australia, 2009. The annual publication date of this Standard Specification
has been moved to April to align with the now yearly updates of NATSPEC and the BCA.
The text has been edited to specify only the type of construction common in the Northern Territory
for small building works. For example brick construction is not specified and the Roofing Section is
confined to sheet metal roofing. However, the text contains specific regional and policy requirements
developed by Department of Planning and Infrastructure Officers with extensive experience in the
construction industry in the Northern Territory.
This Standard Specification, now in its eleventh year of publication, supersedes the 2008 version.
This edition will remain unaltered from April 2009 and an updated version will be published in April
2010.
Mike Chiodo
General Manager, Construction Division
10 March 2009
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INFORMATION
For further information regarding this Standard Specification
for Small Building Works contact:
Lawrie Foscaro – Manager Technical Specifications
Department of Planning and Infrastructure
Construction Division
Highway House Telephone: (08) 8946 5021
PO Box 61 Facsimile: (08) 8999 4796
Palmerston Email: lawrence.foscaro@nt.gov.au
NT 0831
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April
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2002 Amendments only issued
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2009
Thanks to Wicking for providing
the caricatures which help to
enliven a rather mundane subject.
For information or subscriptions:
Contact NATSPEC
on Tel: 1300 797 142 or
www.natspec.com.au
Territory Construction Association is a
Reseller for Standards Australia in the
Northern Territory
Telephone: (08) 8922 9666
Internet: www.tcant.com.au
STANDARD SPECIFICATION - BUILDINGS
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STANDARD SPECIFICATION
FOR SMALL BUILDING WORKS
REFERENCE TEXT 2009
REFERENCE: Read this Standard Specification in conjunction with the Project Specific Requirements
and Drawings if any. Only those parts of the Standard Specification which refer to the works being
carried out apply. This document may be used as a blanket reference specification referring generally
to the standards of materials and workmanship required by the Department for small building works
including services and landscape.
PROJECT SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS:
The selection of specific items or materials for the works being carried out are specified in the Project
Specific Requirements or shown as notes on the drawings.
OR
There are no separate project specific requirements in this specification. For specific items or
materials for the works being carried out, refer to the drawings or extent of work if any.
PRECEDENCE: Any provision in the project specification or on the project drawings shall override
any conflicting provision in the Standard Specification.
CONTRACT ADMINISTRATOR: If the revised Conditions of Contract are introduced into DPI, this
will incorporate a change in title from Superintendent to Contract Administrator. When working within
the new Conditions of Contract substitute the title ‘Contract Administrator’ in all cases where the
Superintendent is referenced in this standard specification.
HOLD & WITNESS POINTS: These apply whether quality assurance is included in this project or
not. Refer to the definitions of hold points and witness points in the general requirements section of
this reference specification.
SITE COPY: Retain a copy of this document on site for the duration of the works.
© Copyright
This Reference Specification is based on NATSPEC DOMESTIC and NATSPEC BASIC 2009 Produced by
Construction Information Systems Australia Pty Ltd and modified to the requirements of the Department of
Planning and Infrastructure, Northern Territory of Australia.
This document is copyright protected and the property of Construction Information System Australia Pty Ltd
and the Government of the Northern Territory of Australia and must not be retained, copied or used without
authority.
ISSN 1444 – 8858
STANDARD SPECIFICATION - BUILDINGS
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STANDARD SPECIFICATION
FOR SMALL BUILDING WORKS
REFERENCE TEXT 2009
Contents
1. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS...............................................................................................5
2.
SITE PREPARATION ..........................................................................................................6
3. CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION........................................................................................... 9
4. TIMBER AND STEEL CONSTRUCTION............................................................................ 11
5. BLOCK CONSTRUCTION....................................................................................................14
6. INSULATION AND SARKING...............................................................................................16
7. ROOFING.............................................................................................................................17
8. DOORS AND WINDOWS.....................................................................................................18
9. CLADDING AND LINING......................................................................................................21
10. SUSPENDED CEILINGS......................................................................................................22
11. PLASTERING.......................................................................................................................23
12. JOINERY AND FIXTURES...................................................................................................24
13. TILING.................................................................................................................................26
14. PAINTING.............................................................................................................................28
15. FLOOR COVERINGS...........................................................................................................29
16. PLUMBING AND DRAINAGE...............................................................................................30
17. ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS...........................................................................................33
18. MECHANICAL INSTALLATIONS..........................................................................................34
19.
FENCES...............................................................................................................................35
20. PAVING.................................................................................................................................37
21. LANDSCAPE........................................................................................................................39
REFERENCED DOCUMENTS.........................................................................................................44
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GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
1.
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
1.1
GENERAL
Interpretation
Supply: Supply only - do not install.
Provide: Supply and install.
Required: Required by the contract documents or
by the local council or statutory authorities.
Proprietary: Identifiable by naming the manufacturer,
supplier, installer, trade name, brand name,
catalogue or reference number.
Standards
Use referenced Australian or other standards
(including amendments) which are current one
month before the date of the contract except where
other editions or amendments are required.
Manufacturer’s or supplier’s recommendations
Select, store, handle and install proprietary products
or systems in accordance with the current published
recommendations of the manufacturer or supplier.
1.2
DEFINITIONS
Witness Point
Give the superintendent sufficient written notice so
that an inspection can be made.
Hold Point
Obtain the written approval of the superintendent
for that particular stage of the works. Where work is
to be covered or concealed do not proceed past that
point until approval has been received.
Minimum notice
Minimum notice required so that inspections may
be made: 24 hours in town areas, 3 days in other
areas or 5 days in remote areas.
Proprietary Items
A similar alternative item having the required
properties may be offered instead of the specified
proprietary item for acceptance at the discretion of
the Superintendent.
1.3
TERMITE PROTECTION
General
Standard: To AS 3660.1.
Chemical soil barriers - reticulation systems: Submit
evidence that the system complies with AS 3660.1
Section 8 and the Building Code of Australia.
Tests– Soil barrier
Submit a registered testing laboratory analysis
certificate of chemical soil barriers tested to Appendix
E of AS 3660.1 if directed by the Superintendent.
1.4
TIMBER GENERALLY
Moisture content
General: Make milled products from timbers
seasoned:
• To within 3% of the equilibrium moisture content
appropriate to the timber and its intended
conditions of use.
• With no more than 3% difference between any 2
pieces in any one group.
Unseasoned timber
If unseasoned timber is provided, or variations in
moisture content are likely, make allowance for
shrinkage, swelling and differential movement.
Durability
General: Provide timbers with natural durability
appropriate to the conditions of use, or preservativetreated timbers of equivalent durability.
Natural durability of Heartwood: to AS 5604.
Minimum requirements:
Class 1: Timbers in contact with the ground.
Class 2: Timbers above ground, not in continuous
contact with moisture, well ventilated, protected
from moisture but exposed to the weather.
Class 3: Timbers above ground, not in continuous
contact with moisture, well ventilated, protected
with a finish, and well maintained.
Class 4: Timbers fully protected from moisture,
indoors, above ground, and well ventilated.
Preservative treatment
Standard: To AS 1604.
Hazard classification: To AS 1604.1 Table D1.
1.5
TESTS
Testing Authority
As defined in BCA 2008.
Carry out any testing required using an authority
registered by the National Association of Testing
Authorities (NATA) to test in the relevant field,
except for tests to installed services.
1.6
COMPLETION
Warranties
Name the Principal as warrantee and give
the Superintendent copies of manufacturers’
warranties.
Instruction manuals
Give the Superintendent manufacturers’ instruction
manuals.
Cleaning
Remove rubbish and surplus material from the site
and clean the work throughout.
Operation
Ensure moving parts operate safely and smoothly.
Termite barriers
Provide the Superintendent with a certificate of
installation in accordance with AS 3660.1 Appendix
A2.
Notice
Provide a durable termite barrier notice permanently
fixed in a prominent location to BCA Volume 1 Part
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SITE PREPARATION
B1.4 (i) and AS 3660.1 Appendix A. Generally fix
to the inside of the door to the electricity meter box.
Surveyor’s certificate
If requested by the Superintendent provide a
certificate which confirms that the work, including
boundary fences, has been correctly located.
Services layout
Give the Superintendent a plan which shows the
location of underground services as installed. Use
the same format as the contract drawings.
Authorities’ approvals
Give the Superintendent evidence of approval of
the statutory authorities whose requirements apply
to the work.
2.
SITE PREPARATION
2.1
GENERAL
Standard
Groundworks for slabs and footings: To AS 2870.
Interpretation
Rock: The Contractor shall be deemed to have
allowed for the cost of performing the required
excavations in whatever material may be
encountered, and no extra payment shall be paid
for excavation in rock.
Bad ground: Ground unsuitable for the work,
including fill liable to subsidence, ground containing
cavities, faults or fissures, ground contaminated by
harmful substances and ground which is or becomes
soft, wet or unstable.
Line of influence: A line extending downward and
outward from the bottom edge of a footing, slab or
pavement and defining the extent of foundation
material having influence on the stability or support
of the footings, slab or pavement.
Subgrade: The trimmed or prepared portion of
the formation on which the pavement or slab is
constructed.
Immediate notice
If rock or bad ground is encountered, advise the
Superintendent immediately.
Explosives
Do not use explosives.
2.2
DEMOLITION
Standard
Demolition: To AS 2601.
Inspection - Witness Point
Witness Point: Give sufficient notice so that
inspection may be made of adjoining structures
before commencement of demolition.
Photographs
If required, photograph the areas adjoining the
demolition work for future reference.
Demolished materials
Except for materials to be salvaged and retained by
the Superintendent or re-used, take possession of
demolished materials and remove them from the
site. Do not burn or bury demolished materials on
the site.
Recycling
Where possible, dismantle building components for
off site recycling.
Hazardous materials - Witness Point
Witness Point: Give notice immediately if any
hazardous materials or conditions are found.
Asbestos
Reference: Refer to the asbestos clause in the
Conditions of Contract.
Dust protection
Provide dust-proof screens, bulkheads and covers
to protect existing finishes and the immediate
environment from dust and debris.
Adjacent property: Protect property either adjacent
or on site from interference or damage by appropriate
means.
Reinstatement: Make good any damage caused
during demolition to match the existing.
Support
Provide temporary support for sections of existing
buildings which are to be altered and which rely for
support on work to be demolished.
Weather protection
If walls or roofs are opened for alterations and
additions, or the surfaces of adjoining buildings are
exposed, provide temporary covers to prevent water
penetration.
Security
If walls or roofs are opened for alterations or
additions, provide security against unauthorised
entry.
2.3
TREE PROTECTION
Trees to be Retained: Refer to Drawings or as
scheduled.
Marking
Mark trees which are required to be retained using
suitable non-injurious, easily visible and removable
means of identification. Remove the identification
on completion.
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SITE PREPARATION
Protection
Protect from damage trees which are required to
remain. Do not remove topsoil from the area within
the dripline of the trees and keep this area free of
construction material and debris.
Excavation
If excavating near trees required to remain, use
hand methods to locate, expose and cleanly remove
the roots on the line of excavation.
Damage
If a tree, which is marked to remain, is damaged
and repair work is considered impractical, or is
attempted and fails, remove the tree and the root
system, if so directed. Replace the tree with a tree
of the same species and a similar condition and size
or pay compensation.
Compensation for damage to existing vegetation
shall be borne by the Contractor as a negative
variation to the Contract and determined as
follows:
Maximum valuation: $2500 per tree
Minimum valuation: $250 per tree
2.4
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
Erosion control
Avoid erosion, contamination, and sedimentation of
the site, surrounding areas, and drainage systems.
Dewatering
Keep the site free of water and prevent water flow
over new work.
2.5
SITE CLEARING
Extent
Limit clearing to areas to be occupied by construction,
paving or landscape work.
Clearing operations
Remove everything on or above the site surface,
including rubbish, scrap, grass, vegetable matter
and organic debris, scrub, trees, timber, stumps,
boulders and rubble. Remove grass to a depth just
sufficient to include the root zone.
Mulching
Mulch all demolished aerial vegetation and reduce
to pieces not larger than 75 X 50 X 15 mm and
stockpile for reuse or remove from site.
Grubbing
Grub out or grind stumps and roots over 75 mm
diameter to a minimum depth of 500 mm below
subgrade under construction, and 300 mm below
the finished surface in unpaved areas.
Removal of topsoil
General: Remove the topsoil layer of the natural
ground which contains substantial organic matter
over the areas to be occupied by construction and
paving.
Maximum depth: 100 mm.
Topsoil stockpiles
Stockpile site topsoil required for re-use. Protect
stockpiles from contamination by other excavated
material, weeds and building debris.
Surplus material
Take possession of surplus material and remove it
from the site.
2.6
EXCAVATION
Extent
Excavate to give the levels and profiles required for
construction, site services, paving, and landscaping.
Allow for compaction or settlement.
Marking
Before commencing excavation, locate and mark
existing underground services in the areas which
will be affected by the groundworks operations
including clearing, excavating and trenching.
Foundations
After excavation, confirm that the bearing capacity
is adequate.
Bearing surfaces
Provide even plane bearing surfaces for loadbearing
elements including footings. Step for level changes.
Make the steps to the appropriate courses if
supporting masonry.
Reinstatement
If excavation exceeds the required depth, or
deteriorates, reinstate with fill to the correct depth,
level and bearing value.
Grading
Grade the ground surface externally and to drain
ground or surface water away from buildings without
ponding.
2.7
SURFACE PREPARATION
General
Before placing fill, ground slabs or load bearing
elements, remove loose material, debris and
organic matter and compact the ground to achieve
the required density.
Source of fill
Provide fill free from organic matter, imported on
to the site from an approved source unless the fill
type can be provided from spoil recovered from the
excavations or designated borrow pits.
Fill types
General fill: Inorganic material, maximum particle
size 75 mm, plasticity index not exceeding 15%.
Select fill: Naturally occurring material, crushed
or quarried stone, crushed gravel, or a mixture of
crushed or quarried material free of lumps of clay
and from organic or other deleterious material
complying with the following requirements:
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SITE PREPARATION
A.S. METRIC SIEVE PERCENTAGE
PASSING BY WEIGHT
75.0 mm
100
9.50 mm
30 - 100
2.36 mm
15 - 65
0.075 mm
5 - 25
Liquid Limit
Maximum 35%
Plasticity Index
Maximum 12%
Linear Shrinkage
(Passing 04.25 mm)
6% Maximum
C.B.R. - 4 day soaked
Minimum 40
at 95% MMDD at
2.5 mm penetration
Locations
Use select fill under concrete building slabs and
paving and general fill in other areas.
Placing fill
Place fill in layers less than 200 mm and compact
each layer to achieve the required density.
Maximum depth of sand fill: 400 mm.
Moisture content
If necessary to achieve the required density or
moisture content, adjust the moisture content of the
fill before compaction.
Required Density
Minimum density table
Location
Minimum
dry density ratio (standard compaction) to AS 1289.5.1.1
Residential: Lot fill
Footings and non
spanning slabs on
ground areas of
buildings
Embankments and
paved areas: >0.15 m
below subgrade
surface <0.15 m below
subgrade surface
All other areas:
>0.3 m below finished surface
<0.3 m below finished
surface
90
98
90
95
Tests - Witness Point
Witness Point: Provide proof that the required
compaction has been achieved.
2.8
SANDLAYER
Material
Clean sharp sand free from deleterious material,
well graded with at least 90% by weight passing the
4.75 mm sieve, and not more than 10% passing the
0.075 mm sieve.
Extent: Place a layer of sand to the area of the
building under concrete slabs.
Nominal thickness: 50 mm.
Wet down before laying vapour barrier.
2.9
PILING
Bored piers
After excavating bored piers, remove loose material
and water from the base and confirm the bearing
capacity. Do not allow loose material to fall down
the hole before or during concreting; provide a liner
if necessary.
Screw-in foundations
Provide a proprietary system designed to AS 2159.
2.10 SERVICE TRENCHES
Excavation
If practicable, make trenches straight between personnel access ways, inspection points and junctions, with vertical sides and uniform grades.
Trench widths
Keep trench widths to the minimum consistent with
the laying and bedding of the relevant service and
construction of personnel access ways and pits.
Backfilling
General: Backfill service trenches as soon as
possible after laying the service. Place backfill in
layers. Compact each layer to a density sufficient to
minimise settlement.
Backfill material: Excavated spoil or well graded inorganic material with maximum particle size of 75
mm.
• Next to services: Do not place any particles
greater in size than 25 mm within 150 mm of
services.
• Under paved areas: Coarse sand, controlled low
strength material or fine crushed rock.
• In reactive clay sites classified M, M-D, H, H-D or
E to AS 2870: Impervious material.
90
95
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CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION
3.CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION
3.1
GENERAL
Cross reference
Refer to the General Requirements section for
termite protection.
Standards
Concrete structures generally: To AS 3600 & AS
3610.
Plywood Formwork: To AS 6669.
Ground slabs and footings: To AS 2870 where
appropriate.
Reinforcement: To AS/NZS 4671.
Deformed Ribbed Bar: Normal ductility class,
strength grade 500 MPa, unless otherwise noted.
Round Bars: Normal ductility class, strength grade
250 MPa.
Reinforcing Mesh: Deformed ribbed, low ductility
class, strength grade 500 MPa.
3.2
INSPECTION
Notice - Witness Point
Witness Point: Give sufficient notice so that
inspection may be made at the following stages:
• Termite barrier and film underlay installed.
• Completed formwork, and reinforcement, cores
and embedments fixed in place.
• Commencement of concrete placing.
• Before core filling masonry.
3.3
TESTS
Compressive strength – Hold Point
Sample, test, and assess: To AS 3600 and AS
1379.
Hold Point: Agree to the method of strength
assessment prior to ordering concrete. Production
assessment may be used if applicable and if the
project is registered with the concrete producer for
dissemination of production assessment statistics.
Other quality parameters
Sample, test and assess: To AS 1379 Section 5
using a NATA registered testing authority.
Slump: Test at least one sample from each batch
before placing concrete from that batch in the work.
Take the samples at the point of discharge on site.
Rejection: Remove rejected concrete from the site.
3.4
GROUND SLAB VAPOUR BARRIER
General
Provide a vapour barrier under slabs on ground
including integral ground beams and footings.
Standard
Vapour barriers and damp proof membranes: To
AS 2870.
Proprietary Item: Fortecon
Installation
Lay over the base, lap joints 200 mm and seal the
laps and penetrations with waterproof adhesive
tape. Seal punctures and tears with waterproof
tape before pouring concrete.
3.5
REINFORCEMENT
General
Provide reinforcement, including tie wires, plastic
support chairs, spacers and accessories.
Identification: Supply reinforcement which is readily
identifiable as to grade and origin.
Dowels
Round Bars, each dowel in one piece, straight, with
square cut ends free from burrs. Apply two coats of
bitumen emulsion to half the length of the dowel at
one end. Embed the unpainted half of the dowels in
the concrete placed first.
Minimum lap
Splice as follows:
• Mesh generally: 225 mm.
• Trench mesh: 500 mm.
• Bars: Greater of either 500 mm or 25 x bar
diameter.
• Strip footing intersections and corners: For full
width of intersecting reinforcement.
Minimum cover
Unprotected by membrane on ground or external
surfaces: 40 mm.
Protected by membrane on ground: 30 mm.
Internal surfaces: 20 mm.
Footings: 50 mm
Aggressive soil or salty environment: 65 mm.
3.6
EMBEDDED ITEMS
Placing and fixing – Hold Point
Hold Point: Fix cores and embedded items to
prevent movement during concrete placing. Obtain
approval before cutting reinforcement or displacing
reinforcement from its required location.
Tolerances on placement
Maximum deviation from correct positions:
• Embedded items generally: + 10 mm.
• Fasteners including, anchor bolts: + 3 mm.
• Anchor bolt groups for structural steel: To AS
4100 clause 15.3.1.
Corrosion protection
Galvanized ferrous fixings (other than stainless
steel) to AS/NZS 4680 or AS 1214. Passivate
galvanized surfaces to be embedded in concrete by
dipping in 0.2% sodium dichromate solution.
3.7
CONCRETE
Pre mixed supply
Standard: To AS 1379, by the batch production
process.
Maximum slump: 80 mm.
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CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION
Concrete Grade
Footings - N25
Exposed slabs on ground - N32
Internal slabs on ground - N25
Columns & suspended slabs - N40
Other concrete grades may be required as shown
on the drawings or in the Project Schedules.
Grout for blockwork cores
Standard: AS 3700 clause 10.7.
Grout: Class S12 (to AS 1379) 12 MPa with a
pourable slump, a minimum cement content of 300
kg/m3 and maximum 6 mm aggregate.
Concrete placing
Depth: If concrete is deeper than 350 mm, place it in
layers so that each succeeding layer is blended into
the preceding one by the compaction process.
Slabs and pavements: Place concrete uniformly
over the width of the slab so that the face is generally
vertical and normal to the direction of placing.
Hot weather placing - Hold Point
The provisions of this clause apply to concreting
where the surrounding shade outdoor temperature
is greater than 32oC.
Hold Point: Mixing: Do not mix concrete when the
outdoor shade temperature on the site exceeds
38oC, unless otherwise approved and then only
subject to such conditions as may be imposed.
Handling: Take precautions to prevent premature
stiffening of the fresh mix and to reduce water
absorption and evaporation losses. Mix, transport,
place and compact the concrete as rapidly as
possible.
Placing
Before and during placing maintain the formwork
and reinforcement at a temperature not greater than
32oC by protection, cold water spraying, or other
effective means. When placed in the forms, the
temperature of the concrete shall not exceed 35oc.
Temperature control methods: Submit for approval
the proposed method or methods of maintaining the
specified temperature of the placed concrete, which
may include using chilled mixing water, spraying the
coarse aggregate with cold water or covering the
container transporting the concrete.
Evaporation Control: Erect barriers to protect freshly
laid concrete from drying winds.
Compaction
Vibrate concrete to remove entrapped air, but avoid
over-vibration that may cause segregation.
Curing:
Protection: Protect concrete from premature drying
and from excessive hot, cold and/or windy conditions
by a suitable approved method.
Minimum Curing Time:
• In-ground footings: 3 days.
• Exposed footings, beams and slabs: 7 days.
3.8
FORMWORK
Surface finish class
Use the applicable class from AS 3610, Table
3.3.1.
Dimensional Tolerances
To AS 3600 clause 19.5, except where the
requirements of this clause or AS 3610 clause 3.4
are more stringent.
Formwork removal
Remove all formwork, including formwork in
concealed locations.
Stripping times
Leave formwork for suspended structures in place
after pouring concrete for the following periods:
• Vertical surfaces: 2 days.
• Bottom surfaces: 7 days with shoring and
backprops left in position for 21 days.
3.9
JOINTS
Construction joints
Joint preparation: Roughen and clean the hardened
concrete joint surface, remove loose or soft material,
free water and foreign matter. Dampen the surface
before placing the concrete.
Slip joints
If concrete slabs are supported on masonry, provide
proprietary pre-lubricated slip joints.
Movement Joints
Insert 12mm thick Abelflex closed cell compressible
filler strip in the joint.
Detach the removable top strip and fill with Fosroc
Thioflex 600.
3.10 FINISHES TO UNFORMED
SURFACES
Screeding
Finish slab surfaces by approved means to finished
levels. Produce surfaces to tolerance Class B maximum deviation from a 3m straight edge of 6
mm.
Scored finish
After screeding, give the surface a course scored
texture in the required direction by drawing a stiff
brush or rake across the surface.
Machine floated finish
Finish the screeded surface with approved power
driven equipment to a uniform smooth texture. Hand
float in locations inaccessible to the machine float.
Finish: To a surface tolerance class A.
Steel trowelled finish
Use steel hand trowels to produce the final finish
free of trowel marks and uniform in texture and
appearance.
Finish:To a surface tolerance class A.
Wood float finish
Produce the final finish with a wood float.
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TIMBER & STEEL CONSTRUCTION
Sponge finish
After screeding and finishing with a steel trowel
obtain and even textured sand finish by wiping the
surface with a damp sponge.
Broom finish
After floating use a broom to produce an even
textured slip-resistant surface.
3.11 MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS
Concrete strength: 25 MPa.
Clothes hoist footing: 400 deep x 250 diameter with
a 300 x 300 x 75 mm thick concrete surround above
the finished ground line weathered away from the
post.
Splash Pads: Provide 600 x 600 x 50 mm thick
concrete splash pads at each downpipe to direct the
water away from the building.
Mowing strips: Provide 300 wide x 75 thick concrete
mowing strips where shown on the drawings. Fall
away from building and construct tooled joints at 3
m maximum centres.
Gas cylinder pad: Provide 1000 x 500 x 100 mm
thick concrete base slab where shown on the
drawings or as directed.
Footpath Crossings: To local authority requirements.
4. TIMBER AND STEEL CONSTRUCTION
4.1
GENERAL
Cross references
Refer to the following sections:
• General Requirements: For termite protection
and timber durability.
• Concrete: For installation of foundation bolts.
• Tiling: For waterproofing wet areas.
• Cladding & Lining: For timber trims.
Standards
Timber framing and flooring: To AS 1684 or AS
1720.1.
Structural steelwork: To AS 4100.
Steel framing: Provide a proprietary system
designed to AS 3623.
Preparation of metal surfaces: To AS 1627.
Cold Formed Sections: To AS /NZS 4600
4.2
MATERIALS AND COMPONENTS
Cold-formed steel framing
Cold-formed sections from zinc-coated steel or
aluminium/zinc alloy coated steel to AS 1397/Z200
or AZ175.
Self-drilling screws
Standard: To AS 3566.2 corrosion resistance class
2.
Flashings and damp-proof courses
Standard: To AS/NZS 2904.
Timber fasteners
Metal washers: Provide washers to the heads and
nuts of all bolts and coach screws.
Steel straps: Zinc-coated steel to AS 1397/Z275,
minimum size 25 x 1 mm or 30 x 0.8 mm.
Galvanizing
Galvanize mild steel components (including
fasteners) to AS 1214 or AS/NZS 4680, as
appropriate, if exposed to weather; embedded
in masonry; or in contact with chemically treated
timber.
Electrogalvanizing
Ferrous hollow and open sections: To AS 4750.
4.3
STRUCTURAL STEEL
Inspection - Witness Point
Witness Point: Give sufficient notice so that
inspection may be made at the following stages:
• Commencement of shop fabrication.
• Surface preparation prior to painting.
• Steelwork and column bases erected on site, prior
to grouting, encasing, site painting or cladding.
Shop drawings - Hold Point
Hold Point: Submit 2 complete sets of shop drawings
showing the relevant details of each assembly,
component, connection and details of transport and
erection.
Materials
Grade
Steel Section
Structural bars & sections to 250
AS/NZS 3679.1
Steel plates to AS 3678
250
Hollow steel sections to AS 1163
250 or 350
Cold form sections to AS 1379
G450 Z350
4.4
CONSTRUCTION
Beam Camber
If beam members have a natural camber within the
straightness tolerance, fabricate and erect them
with the camber up.
Foundation bolts
Hexagonal bolts: To AS 1111.1.
Hot-dip galvanized: To AS 1214.
Supply each foundation bolt with 2 nuts and 2
oversize washers and provide sufficient thread to
permit the levelling nut to be set below the base
plate.
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TIMBER & STEEL CONSTRUCTION
Temporary connections - Hold Point
Hold Point: Do not attach cleats without approval.
Remove temporary cleats on completion and restore
the surface.
Enlargement of bolt holes - Hold Point
Hold Point: Do not hand flame cut or otherwise
enlarge any bolt holes without approval.
Bolts
Use Grade 4.6/S bolts unless otherwise noted.
Welding
Standard: To AS/NZS 1554.1 use GP category
welds unless otherwise noted.
Visually examine the total length of all GP welds.
Protective coating
Surface Preparation: To AS 1627.
Remove loose millscale, rust, oil, grease, dirt,
globules of weld metal, weld slag and other foreign
matter.
Priming: Apply the primer coat to the structural steel
before delivery to the site and protect from damage
during handling and transport.
Single pack zinc phosphate
Thoroughly wire brush steelwork to AS 1627.2 and
prime with one coat of single pack zinc phosphate to
APAS specification 0162/1 with a dry film thickness
of 40 microns.
Epoxy zinc phospate
Blast clean to the recommendations of AS 1627.4
to grade Sa of AS 1627.9 and prime with one coat
of epoxy zinc phosphate to APAS specification
2971with a dry film thickness of 45 microns.
Inorganic zinc silicate
Blast clean to recommendations of AS 1627.4 to
grade Sa of AS 1627.9 and prime with one coat of
inorganic zinc silicate to APAS specification 2908
with a dry film thickness of 75 microns.
Site work: After erection, repair any damage to the
shop coating and apply the coating, if any, omitted
at site connections.
Time delay: Prime the steel surface as soon as
possible after surface preparation and prior to
any deterioration of the surface. If the surface is
contaminated or rust bloomed, repeat the surface
preparation before applying the primer.
4.5
LIGHT STEEL FRAMING SYSTEM
Use the Lysaght framing system designed in
accordance with Lysaght’s design manual for steel
wall framing in cyclonic areas or non-cyclonic as
applicable.
Framing: Generally 75 x 1.6 G450 studs for cyclonic
areas and 75 x 1.2 G300 studs for non-cyclonic
areas externally at 450 max crs and 75 x 1.2 G300
studs internally with top and bottom plates, heads,
mullions and bracing designed for the specific
application.
Inspection - Witness Point
Witness Point: Give sufficient notice so that
inspection may be made of steel framing erected on
site prior to lining or cladding.
Fabrication
Cut members accurately to length so that they fit
firmly against abutting members. Form holes by
drilling or punching. Flare the holes for services or
provide plastic grommets.
Weld the framing using the metal inert gas (MIG)
technique or carbon arc welding. Clean the weld
and coated areas affected by welding and touch up
with zinc rich organic binder to APAS - 2916.
Cleaning: On completion of framing remove any
debris from the cavities of members.
Temporary earthing: Provide temporary earthing
during erection until the permanent earthing is
installed. Permanent earth completed steel frames
in accordance with PowerWater regulations.
Damp course: Provide a continuous damp proof
course of Super Alcor between the concrete slab
and floor plate.
Metal Roof Trusses – Hold Point
Approved manufacturer: Use metal roof trusses
prefabricated by an approved manufacturer using
Lysaght light steel framing sections.
Hold Point: Shop Drawings – Submit shop drawings
showing the truss arrangement, location, loading,
member sizes, joint details, lifting points and method
of fixing and bracing.
Certification: Provide with the shop drawings
certification of the structural sufficiency of the truss
and roof design supplied on a completed NT Building
Act Section 40 Certificate of Compliance form.
Steel battens
Roof Battens: Stratco 40 mm high cyclonic steel
roof batten fixed to Deemed to Comply M/624/1.
Ceiling Battens: Rondo Part No. 303 cyclonic steel
ceiling batten fixed to Deemed to Comply M/621/1.
4.6
TIMBER FRAMING
Identification
Branding: Brand all structural timber, floor boards
and structural plywood, under the authority of a
recognised quality assurance program applicable
to the product. Locate the brand mark on faces
or edges to be concealed in the works. Provide a
suppliers certificate showing compliance.
Inspection - Witness Point
Witness Point: Give sufficient notice so that erected
structural woodwork may be inspected before it
is covered, for example by cladding, lining and
roofing.
Pressure treatment
Pressure treat all structural timbers with ACQ
Preservative Formulation
in accordance with
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TIMBER & STEEL CONSTRUCTION
AS 1604.1 or alternatively with BFCA salts by
the CSIRO approved dip-diffusion process. The
minimum dry salt retention in permeable species is
5.6 kg/m3 to all timber with susceptible sapwood.
Timber grades
Hardwood: To AS 2796.1
Grading: To AS 2796.2
Structural Timbers: Generally F14 minimum.
Timber Trusses: To the truss manufacturers design.
Fasteners
Use fasteners capable of transmitting the loads
imposed, and sufficient to ensure the rigidity of the
assembly. Do not split or otherwise damage the
timber.
Adhesives
Use adhesives capable of transmitting the loads
imposed, and sufficient to ensure the rigidity of the
assembly and that do not cause discolouration of
finished surfaces.
Structural Adhesives: To AS/NZS 1328.1
Finished sizes
Use milled timbers with actual dimensions which
are not less than stated dimensions, except for
dimensions qualified by a term such as “nominal”
or “out of” to which industry standards for finished
sizes will apply. If unseasoned timber is used, or
variations in moisture are likely, make allowance for
shrinkage, swelling and differential movement.
Coating: Before placing bolts in contact with ACQ
treated timber, coat the shank of the bolt in a grease
or bituminous coating.
Structural plywood
Standard: To AS/NZS 2269.0
Bond: Type A.
Flooring: Tongued and grooved.
Veneer quality to visible surfaces: C (Minimum).
Structural sheet flooring
Installation: Fix 17 mm thick F14 Grade structural
plywood flooring with elastomeric adhesive to
AS 2329 in addition to nailing or screwing. Sand
junctions lightly to a smooth, level surface.
Timber decking
Definition: Timber flooring with plain, bevel or pencil
round edge suitable for pedestrian or light vehicle
loadings in balconies, decks and access ways.
Timber (Minimum requirements): Hardwood species
of durability Class 2, size 70 x 19 mm finished.
Installation: Lay in long lengths (minimum 3 spans)
Stagger joints and make them over joists. Leave 4
mm between edges of boards.
Fixing: No 10 Countersunk head tek screws
corrosion protection class 3. 2 No screws to each
joist.
Surface finish: Apply the first coat all round before
fixing.
Fibre cement flooring
Compressed sheets: To AS/NZS 2908.2, Type A,
Category 4.
Thickness: Generally 15 mm.
Proprietary item: Hardies or CSR compressed
sheet.
Installation: Lay the length of the sheets at right
angles to the joists and continuous over at least
2 spans. Stagger the end joints and locate them
centrally over joists. Butter the edges of sheets
with adhesive and firmly butt join together. Provide
expansion joints as recommended by the sheet
manufacturer.
Fixing: Fix to joists with countersunk screws.
Wall framing
Gauging: Use gauged timbers in studs, noggings
and plates for double faced walls.
Generally 100 x 50 studs at 450 max. crs.
Timber species or group: Hardwood. Minimum
stress grade F14.
Provide additional support in the form of noggings,
trimmers and studs for fixing lining, cladding,
hardware, accessories, fixtures and fittings as
required.
Damp-proof courses
Provide Super Alcor damp-proof courses under the
bottom plate of stud walls built off slabs or masonry
dwarf walls.
4.7
TIMBER ROOF TRUSSES
Approved manufacturer
Use timber roof trusses prefabricated by an
approved manufacturer.
Shop drawings - Hold Point
Hold Point: Submit shop drawings showing the truss
arrangement, location, loading, timber species,
grade and sizes, joint details, lifting points and
method of fixing and bracing.
Marking: Permanently mark each truss to show
the manufacturer, timber species, location, support
points and other relevant data.
Certification: Provide with the shop drawings
certification of the structural sufficiency of the truss
and roof design supplied on a completed NT Building
Act Section 40 Certificate of Compliance form.
Installation
Standard: To AS 4440.
Support trusses on bottom chord at two points only,
unless designed for additional support. Plumb to
within H/200, where H is the height at the apex.
Provide the required ties and wind bracing. Over
internal walls provide not less than 10 mm vertical
clearance and use bracing methods which allow for
vertical movements.
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BLOCK CONSTRUCTION
Fixing: Fix to the top plate with 50 x 5 mm mild
steel over brackets with 1-M12 bolt to the truss top
chord centre line and 1-M16 bolt to the structure.
4.8
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS
Roof Battens: Generally 75 x 50 mm Hardwood.
Ceiling Battens: Generally 75 x 38 mm Hardwood.
Fixing: Fix in long lengths with joints at truss crossings
and staggered. Double nail ceiling battens and fix
roof battens to Deemed to Comply details.
Valley Boards: Fabricate from 19 mm exterior grade
ply and nail to each rafter.
5.BLOCK CONSTRUCTION
5.1
GENERAL
Cross references
Refer to the following sections:
• General requirements, for termite protection.
• Timber and steel construction, for structural
steelwork.
Standard
Masonry generally: To AS 3700.
Masonry units: To AS/NZS 4455.1 and
AS/NZS 4455.3.
5.2
MATERIALS AND COMPONENTS
Steel components
Galvanizing: Galvanize mild steel components
(including fasteners) to AS 1214 or AS/NZS 4680
as appropriate.
Masonry units
Strength: Generally 15 MPa for structural units.
Colour: Generally grey.
Flashings and damp-proof courses
Standard: To AS/NZS 2904.
Mortar materials
Cement: To AS 3972, Type GP.
Sand: Fine aggregate with a low clay content and
free from efflorescing salts, selected for grading and
colour for facework.
Additives: Do not provide additives unless required
and approved.
Mortar mix table
Provide mortar mixes as follows: 1:1:6 cement,
lime, sand for all general block work. Other mix
proportions maybe required for special purposes.
5.3
CONSTRUCTION GENERALLY
Joints and cutting
Set out masonry with joints of uniform width and the
minimum cutting of masonry units.
Joints
Externally: Tool to give a dense water-shedding
finish. Use a 12 mm dia ironing rod.
Internally: Rake to give a key if wall is to be plastered
or strike flush if concealed.
Rod
90 mm high blocks: 6 courses to 600 mm.
190 mm high blocks: 3 courses to 600 mm.
Bond
Stretcher bond unless otherwise noted.
Bedding
Shell bed hollow blocks and completely fill bed joints
and perpends.
Perpends
Keep perpends in alternate courses vertically
aligned.
Double face walls
Select the masonry units for uniform width and
double-face qualities in single leaf masonry with
facework both sides. Before commencement,
obtain a ruling as to which is the preferred wall
face, and favour that face should a compromise be
unavoidable.
Colour mixing
In unpainted facework, distribute the colour range of
units evenly to prevent colour concentrations.
Sills
Use proprietary concrete sill units solidly bedded.
Appearance
Leave unpainted facework clear of mortar smears,
stains and discolouration. Do not clean using an acid
solution and do not erode joints if using pressure
spraying.
Wall Chasing
Chase concrete block walls to a maximum depth of
35 mm for 190 mm blockwork or 20 mm for 90 mm
blockwork. Do not chase walls nominated as fire
rated or acoustic.
Protection
Elements: Protect masonry from rain and hot drying
winds for at least 24 hours after laying.
5.4
DAMP-PROOF COURSES
Location
Provide damp-proof courses to the base courses
of external walls on raft slabs or as shown on the
drawings.
Damp proof course: Use mortar with a black damp
course admixture to manufacturer’s instructions.
5.5
CONTROL OF MOVEMENT
Control joints for concrete Blockwork
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BLOCK CONSTRUCTION
Maximum length of continuous wall: 6 m.
Minimum width of control joint: 10 mm.
Flexible ties and anchors
If ties or anchors extend across control joints,
provide ties or anchors which maintain the stability
of the masonry without impairing the effectiveness
of the joint.
Proprietary Item: Masonry flexible anchors MFA3/3
install at 400 crs max.
Joint material
Installation: Clean the joints thoroughly and insert
a 19mm dia closed cell expanded polyethylene
compressible backing rod before sealing.
Sealant depth: Fill the joints with gun-applied
Thioseal 5000 single pack polysulphide flexible
sealant for a depth of at least two-thirds the joint
width.
Sealant Type: external, UV stable.
5.6
STEEL LINTELS
Cold-formed lintels
Proprietary cold-formed flat-based type designed to
AS/NZS 4600.
Steel flats and angles
Sizes: To BCA Volume 2 Figure 3.3.3.5.
Material:
Mild steel galvanized to AS/NZS 4680.
Do not cut after galvanizing.
Corrosion protection: To AS/NZS 2699.3.
Installation
General: Install with the longer leg vertical. Keep
lintels 10 mm clear of heads and frames. Pack
mortar between the angle upstand and supported
masonry units.
Propping: To prevent deflection or excessive rotation,
temporarily prop proprietary cold-formed lintels until
the masonry reaches its required strength.
Minimum propping period: 3 days.
Install 6 mm fibre cement or proprietary metal closers
at non reinforced cores of the wall below.
Reinforcement: As shown on the drawings.
Starter bars: Wire tie core reinforcement to starter
bars.
Lintel blocks
Purpose made U shaped blocks with reinforcement
grouted in place.
Clean out blocks – Witness Point
Location: At the base of each core to be grout filled
including above bond beams and stage filled walls.
Hole size: Machine cut 100 x 100 mm.
Witness Point: Sealing: Following inspection of the
core and reinforcement form over holes to contain
core filling grout.
Core filling grout
Reference: Refer to the Concrete Construction
section.
Structural blockwork: Fill core holes, bond beams
and lintels etc. of structural blockwork with pre
mixed grout.
Placing: Wait at least 3 days after construction of
blockwork before placing grout. Limit the height
of pours to 3 m. Grout fill all cores below ground
level.
5.7
REINFORCED MASONRY
Designation
Masonry required to be strengthened with
embedded steel reinforcement (other than bed joint
reinforcement) is designated reinforced masonry.
Cleaning core holes - Hold Point
Hold Point: In blockwork use purpose-made
cleanout blocks or machine cut a cleaning hole at
the base of each reinforced core, located on the
side of the wall which is to be rendered or otherwise
concealed. After cleaning out has been inspected
and approved, cover the hole with formwork and
grout the core.
Bond beams
Use bond beams made from purpose-made hollow
concrete blocks with reinforcement grouted in place.
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INSULATION AND SARKING
6.INSULATION AND SARKING
6.1
GENERAL
Interpretation
Sarking-type material: Flexible membrane material
normally used for waterproofing, vapour retarding
or thermal reflective insulation.
6.2
MATERIALS AND COMPONENTS
Bulk insulation
Cellulosic fibre: To AS/NZS 4859.1 Section 5.
Mineral blankets and cut pieces to AS/NZS 4859.1
Section 8.
Glass fibre in loose fill: To AS/NZS 4859.1.
Polystyrene: Moulded rigid cellular sheets: To
AS1366.3.
Polystyrene: Extruded rigid cellular sheets: To
AS 1366.4.
Wool: To AS/NZS 4859.1 Section 6.
Sarking membrane
Standard: To AS/NZS 4200.1.
Wire support to roof insulation
Use support mesh of 1.25 mm diameter galvanized
wire welded in a grid of 100 x 115 mm.
Welded safety mesh to statutory requirements may
also be used to support sarking.
Standard: To AS/NZS 4389.
Size: 300 x 150 grid of 2 mm diameter galvanized
wire.
where wind driven rain can penetrate the joints;
• unpainted or unsealed cladding.
Installation: Apply to the outer face of external stud
walls from the top plate down over the bottom plate
and flashing. Run across the studs and lap at least
150 mm at joints. At windows run over the head
flashing.
Where the wall sarking also acts as vapour barrier.
Lap and seal as for roof sarking to form a continuous
air tight seal.
Roof sarking
General: Provide sarking to metal roofs as detailed
on the drawings.
Installation: Lay the sarking to the whole of the roof
area running parallel to the purlins or battens and
lapped 150 mm over the purlins or battens.
Use support mesh to sarking on exposed roofs.
Ridge ventilation: Finish sarking at least 50 mm
clear of ridges.
Combined Insulation and Sarking
Use a medium weight reflective foil factory bonded
to a 75 thick fibreglass blanket with a minimum R
value of 2.0.
Vapour Barrier
Requirement: Where the sarking also forms a
vapour barrier seal the laps and penetrations with
heat resistant pressure sensitive tape 75 mm wide
to form a continuous air tight seal and seal to the
walls with timber battens.
Ensure that the laps are mechanically fastened.
6.3
INSPECTION
Notice - Witness Point
Witness Point: Give sufficient notice so that the
sarking, vapour barrier and insulation may be
inspected before it is covered up or concealed.
6.4
INSTALLATION
Bulk insulation
Standard: To AS 3999 and BCA Clause J1.2.
Batts: Fit tightly between framing members. If
support is not otherwise provided, secure nylon
twine to the framing and stretch tight.
Insulation material: 75 mm thick fibreglass blankets
or batts with a minimum R value of 2.0.
Bonding: Where required provide insulation blankets
factory bonded to aluminium foil sarking material.
Sarking material
Standard: To AS/NZS 4200.2.
Proprietary Item: Bradford Thermofoil 753 (heavy
weight).
Wall sarking
General: Provide sarking where shown on the
drawings and behind cladding which does not
provide a permanent weatherproof seal, including
• boards fixed vertically or diagonally;
• boards or planks fixed in exposed locations
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ROOFING
7.ROOFING
7.1
GENERAL
Cross reference
Refer to the Insulation and Sarking section for roof
sarking requirements.
7.2
MATERIALS AND COMPONENTS
Roof material
Formed from G550 steel (or G300 for curving) with
an AZ 150 Finish complying with AS 1397.
Protection: Protect the roof sheets from damage
during handling and storage and prevent damage
by moisture in stacked sheets.
Prepainted Steel
Prepainted steel sheet, factory finished with a
polyester finish to AS/NZS 2728.
Flashing material
Use material with the same finish and from the same
manufacturer as the roofing sheets.
Thickness: 0.55mm BMT steel sheet.
Fasteners
Self-drilling screws: To AS 3566.1, complete with
washers and EDPM black, non conductive seals.
Corrosion resistance: To AS 3566.2.
• Tropical areas: Class 4
• Inland areas: Class 3
Exposed fasteners: Provide fasteners which are
prefinished with an oven baked polymer coating to
match the roofing material.
Fixings: Use only approved metal fixings.
Roof lights
Type: As scheduled or shown on the drawings
and fitted in accordance with the Northern Territory
Deemed to Comply standards.
7.3
INSPECTION
Notice - Witness Point
Witness Point: Give sufficient notice so that
inspection may be made of the substructure before
fixing the roof sheeting.
7.4
ROOF STRUCTURE
Alignment
Check and adjust the alignment of the roof structure
before fixing any sheets.
Battens: 2 mm maximum mismatch at abutting
ends.
Roof Plane: 5 mm per metre maximum deviation
across the battens from a plane parallel to the
specified roof slope.
7.5
METAL FASCIA & BARGE
Stratco 0.55 mm BMT prepainted steel 210 mm or
185 mm deep to suit the particular application.
Fixing: Fix to rafter ends with proprietary fixing clips
in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions.
Provide corner trims, end trims and cappings as
required.
7.6
METAL ROOFING
Design and installation
Standard: To AS 1562.1.
Fixing: Fix the sheeting in accordance with the
Northern Territory Deemed to Comply standards.
Visible accessories
Provide material with the same finish as roofing
sheets.
Eaves
Treat ends of sheets as follows:
Generally: Close off ribs at tops and bottoms of
sheets by mechanical means or with purpose-made
end caps.
Turn ends of pans up at tops and down into gutters
at bottoms by mechanical means.
Project sheets 50 mm into gutters.
Fit purpose-made ridge and eaves fillers of closed
cell polythylene similar to Unisil.
Swarf
Remove swarf and other debris as soon as it is
deposited.
7.7
ROOF PLUMBING
Selection and installation of rainwater goods
Standard: To AS/NZS 3500.3.
Sealing: Seal fasteners and mechanically fastened
joints with silicone sealant.
Fixings: Use only approved metal fixings.
Flashings and cappings
General: Flash projections above or through the
roof with two part flashings consisting of an apron
flashing and an over-flashing, with at least 100 mm
vertical overlap. Provide for independent movement
between the roof and the projection. Continue over
flashing to the roof ridge.
Wall abutments: Where a roof abuts a wall, provide
overflashings as follows:
• Masonry or concrete: built into a 25 mm deep
raking sawcut.
• Planked cladding: Stepped.
Pipe Penetrations: Seal with a neoprene coupling
clamped to the pipe and fixed to the profile of the
roof sheeting.
Proprietary Item: Dektite flashings by Deks-Thyer
Pty Ltd.
Colour: To match the roof sheeting.
In Concrete or Masonry: Turn 25 mm into joints or
grooves, wedge at 200 mm centres with compatible
material and point up.
Gutters
Generally: Prefabricate gutters to the required
shape where possible. Form stop ends, bends and
returns. Turn down into outlets. Provide overflows
to prevent back-flooding.
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DOORS & WINDOWS
Minimum slope of eaves gutters: 1:200.
Eaves Gutters: High fronted square profile with
overflow slots. Size 125 x 100 mm.
Material: Prepainted Steel 0.55 mm BMT.
Fixing: Fix to fascia with 40 mm x 1.0 mm galvanized
brackets at 900 mm max. centres with overstraps.
Expansion Joints: Form expansion joints at max.
12 m centres by stop ending the gutter and saddle
flashing over the two stop ends.
Valley Gutters: Profile to suit the valley boards.
Turn back both edges 180o x 12 mm high. Screw
to valley boards at the top to prevent creep.
Minimum overall width: 400 mm.
Box Gutters: Form to required falls with top edges
level and returned 20 mm at 90 o. T.I.G. Weld stop
ends and outlets for downpipes and overflows.
Fabricate rainwater sumps as detailed.
Material: 0.9 mm grade 304 stainless steel, 2b
finish.
Downpipes
Material: 0.55 mm BMT Prepainted steel.
Prefabricate downpipes to the required section and
shape with lock seams. Connect heads to gutter
outlets and, if applicable, connect feet to rainwater
drains. Fabricate joints, bends, offsets and provide
accessories including supports and fittings as
required.
Access Cover: Provide a removable watertight
access cover at the foot of each downpipe stack.
PVC Downpipes: Use a proprietary system of
bends, connections and fittings.
8.DOORS AND WINDOWS
8.1
GENERAL
Cross references
Refer to the following sections:
• Lining, for architraves.
• Painting, for priming of frames and doors before
installation.
8.2
MATERIALS AND COMPONENTS
Flashings
Standard: To AS/NZS 2904.
Metal finishes
Zinc plating: To AS 1789, at least service condition
number 2.
Anodising: To AS 1231, thickness; at least Grade
AA20.
Thermoset powder coating: To AS 3715.
Glass
Selection and installation: To AS 1288.
Safety Glazing: To AS/NZS 2208.
Doorsets
Timber doors: To AS 2688 and NT Government
designations N.T.I. to N.T.5.
Timber frames and jamb linings: To AS 2689.
Security screen doors and window grilles: To AS
5039.
Garage Doors: To AS/NZS 4505
Windows
Selection: To AS 2047.
Preglazing
If possible, preglaze doors and windows.
Bushfire Screens: To BCA table 3.7.4.1
8.3
CONSTRUCTION GENERALLY
Standards
Window installation: To AS 2047.
Security screen doors and window grilles installation:
To AS 5040.
Flashings and weatherings
Install flashings, weather bars, drips, storm moulds,
caulking and pointing so that water is prevented
from penetrating the building between frames and
the building structure.
Installation
Install doorsets and windows so they are plumb,
level, straight and true; are adequately fixed or
anchored to the building structure; and will not carry
building loads, including loads caused by structural
deflection or shortening.
8.4
STEEL DOOR FRAMES
Description
Use frames assembled from coated steel sections,
including necessary accessories such as grommet
type buffers, strike plates to suit the specified
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DOORS & WINDOWS
hardware, spreaders, mortar guards, switch boxes,
fixing ties or brackets, and cavity flashing with
suitable provision for fixing hardware; prefinished
with protective coatings, built in or fixed to prepared
openings.
Sections
Incorporate rebates or double rebates where
required for side hung doors or glazed transoms.
Coated steel sheet: To AS 1397.
Frame material: 1.2 mm thick zincanneal (Lysaght
GZ-ZF100).
Assembly method
Welded: Shop assemble frames by continuous
welding across mitred flanges. Grind welds smooth
and cold galvanize the welded joints before shop
priming with primer to APAS 2916.
Shop priming
Shop prime the sections for the painting system.
Fixing
Generally build in metal window and door frames
in masonry as the work proceeds using proprietary
galvanized fixing clips at 400 mmm centres.
Packing: Pack behind fixing points with durable full
width packing.
Linings
Provide reveal and jamb linings as necessary.
8.5
TIMBER DOORS
General
Proprietary doors manufactured for interior or
exterior applications and for the finish required.
Flush Doors
Door thickness: Generally 35mm and 40mm for
external doors and doors over 900mm wide.
Construction
Balanced construction, with cellular core and
intermediate rails with additional material to take
hardware and fastenings. Provide a minimum 25mm
timber sub frame around openings for louvres
or glazing. Do not make cut outs closer than the
width of the styles. Provide bottom rails of sufficient
thickness to allow trimming to clear carpet.
Solid core doors
Flush doors with blockboard cores and facings each
side of no less than two sheets of timber veneer.
MDF cores may be used in arid areas only.
Adhesives
Internal doors: To AS/NZS 2270
External doors: To AS/NZS 2271
Edge Strips
Fix hard wood edge strips to all edges to finish a
minimum of 10mm thick.
Tolerance
Squareness: Not more than 3mm between lengths
of diagonals.
Twist: Not more than 3mm between the perpendicular
measurements from the diagonal corners.
Nominal size: Height: +0, -2mm
Width: +0, -2mm
Painting
Priming: Prime all areas subjected to paint removal
during the course of fitting hinge housings, locks
and the like, prior to hanging.
Painting: Within forty-eight hours of hanging and
prior to the installation of door handles, weather
excluders and the like (latches and locks excepted),
undercoat all surfaces, followed by a minimum
1 finishing coat to all surfaces including top and
bottom edges. The final coat may be applied at a
later stage.
8.6
DOOR FURNITURE
Door Stops
Install door stops to prevent door furniture striking
the wall or other surface.
Door Seals
Provide door seals to the bottom of all external
doors. Proprietary Item: Raven RP4.
Hinge table
Provide 3 hinges for external doors and door
leafs over 2040 mm in height or 820 mm in width.
Otherwise provide 2 hinges as follows:
• 100 x 75 Lanes stainless steel hinges. Generally
loose pin Cat No. 8580 or if required fixed pin cat
No. 8588.
• For aluminium swing doors provide 3 No.
stainless steel 102 x 42 interfold hinges - Doric
SS DH18.
8.7
SLIDING INTERNAL DOORS
General
Suspend sliding doors from overhead tracks and
wheel carriages appropriate to the size and mass
of the doors.
Accessories
General: Provide overhead track supports and head
and jamb linings appropriate to the arrangement of
the door, and removable prefinished metal pelmets
at the head to allow access to the wheel carriages
for adjustment.
Wheel carriages: Fully adjustable precision ball race
type providing smooth quiet operation.
8.8
SECURITY SCREEN DOORS
Use a proprietary system of extruded aluminium
frames and infill of Amplimesh 103 or Crimsafe as
required. Fix in accordance with AS 5040.
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CLADDING & LINING
8.9
ROLLER SHUTTERS
Manual operation
Use a proprietary system comprising a flexible
curtain sliding between vertical guides incorporating
windlocks and operating mechanism of a hand
pulled chain or for smaller units a spring balanced
inertia movement.
Motorised operation
Provide a proprietary operator with a limit switch,
manual safety stop and reversing mechanism, and
overload cutout operated by a battery-powered
radio remote controller and by a direct push-button
or key switch. Locate operating switch 1.5 m above
floor level.
8.10 LOCKSETS
External doors
Provide a push-button key and knob deadlock set
to each door.
Security screen doors: Whitco double cylinder
deadlock with internal snib.
Internal doors
Generally: Passage sets.
Bathrooms, showers and toilets: Privacy sets.
Sliding patio doors and windows: Provide keylockable surface mounted bolts.
Door lockset mounting heights
To centreline of spindle: 1 m above finished floor.
Keying
Number of keys: Provide 2 keys for each lock.
Key external doors on domestic premises (excluding
garage doors) alike and key windows alike.
8.11 WINDOWS
Design
Assemblies: Design the windows and external door
assemblies, including glazing, framing and fixings
in accordance with AS/NZS 1170.2, AS 4055,
AS 1288, and AS 2047.
Pressures: Design the assemblies to be capable of
resisting the most adverse combination of pressures
as set out in AS/NZS 1170.2.
Suction: Design the assemblies to take into account
the high local suction factors as given in AS/NZS
1170 .2.
Human Impact: Design the assemblies to take into
account the human impact requirements as given
in AS 1288.
Frame Sections
Sections: The window frame sections shown on the
drawings are indicative only to show the required
relationships between openings and adjoining
surfaces.
Shop Drawings - Hold Point
Hold Point: Submit shop drawings showing the
layout and construction and fixing details a minimum
of 14 days prior to ordering materials.
Certification
Provide a completed NT Building Act Section 40
Certificate of Compliance form, indicating that
the entire assembly when installed as detailed,
complies with the requirements of AS/NZS 1170,
AS 1288 and AS 2047. State on the certificate the
design criteria used, and that the installation is in
accordance with the Contract Documents. Supply
calculations if requested.
8.12 GLAZING
Glass Thickness: To AS 1288.
Glass Types:
• General Use:
Clear Float Glass
• Tinted Glass:
Grey Tinted Float Glass
• Safety Glass
Toughened or Laminated
• Obscure Glass:
Satinlite
• Mirrors:
Silvered Float Glass
Glazed Shower Screens: Use a proprietary system
comprising extruded aluminium frames with a
powder coat finish and fixed so that water sheds to
the inside.
Mirrors: Seal the edges against moisture. In wet
areas entirely seal the space behind the mirror.
8.13 CONSTRUCTION
Joints
Make accurately fitted tight joints so that neither
fasteners nor fixing devices such as pins, screws,
adhesives and pressure indentations are visible on
exposed surfaces.
Insect Screens
Black anodised aluminium mesh beaded into an
extruded aluminium frame and attached to the
window by a clipping device to permit removal and
finish to match the window frames.
Security Screens and Grilles
Standard: To AS 5039
Installation: To AS 5040
Security Screens
Proprietary stainless steel mesh in aluminium frames
fixed to the building with tamper resistant fastenings
and finished to match the window frames.
Proprietary Item: Crimsafe, Superscreen or
Invis-gard.
Security Grilles
Proprietary metal security grille in aluminium frames
fixed to the building with tamper resistant fastenings
and finished to match the window frames.
Proprietary Item: Permaline Amplimesh 103.
Debris Screen
Proprietary Item: Permaline Amplimesh 351 debris
screens in aluminium frames and finished to match
the window frames.
Louvre Windows
Aluminium galleries with adjustable black plastic
clips and dual operating mechanisms screw fixed to
the mullions and jambs.
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CLADDING & LINING
Louvre Blade width: 150 mm nominal.
Glass Louvre Blades: To AS 1288.
Metal Louvre Blades: Proprietary pre finished metal
blades complying with the design requirements.
8.14 INSTALLATION
Install flashings and weatherings so that water is
prevented from entering the building. Finish the
installation with trims etc., to make neat, clean
junctions at adjoining building surfaces.
8.15 COMPLETION
Remove temporary protection and ensure smooth
and free operation of the assemblies.
9.CLADDING AND LINING
9.1
GENERAL
Cross references
Refer to the following sections:
• Tiling, for waterproofing of wet areas.
• Insulation and Sarking, for wall sarking
requirements.
• Timber and Steel Construction, for compressed
fibre cement flooring.
9.2
MATERIALS AND COMPONENTS
Flashing material
Standard: To AS/NZS 2904.
Sarking
Heavyweight reinforced aluminium foil complying
with AS/NZS 4200.1.
Proprietary Item: Bradford Thermofoil 753 (heavy
weight).
Fasteners
Steel nails: Hot-dip galvanized to AS/NZS 4680.
Self-drilling screws: To AS 3566, corrosion
resistance class 4 in tropical areas and class 3 in
inland areas.
Finish: Prefinish exposed fasteners with an oven
baked polymer coating to match the cladding.
9.3
PLASTIC CLADDING
Standard
Unplasticised polyvinyl chloride (UPVC) sheet: To
AS 4256.4.
Glass fibre reinforced polyester (GRP) sheet: To
AS 4256.3.
Polycarbonate: To AS 4256.5.
Provide a proprietary system of interlocking planks
including all accessories fixed in accordance with
the manufacturers requirements and the Northern
Territory Deemed to Comply standards.
Installation
Standard: To AS 1562.3.
9.4
FIBRE CEMENT CLADDING
Standard
General: To AS/NZS 2908.2, type A, category 3.
Plank cladding
Type: Provide a proprietary system of single faced
fibre cement planks 7.5 mm thick.
Joints and edges: Metal joining clips and UPVC
moulded trims to finish at door and window frames.
Corners: Preformed metal joining pieces.
Sheet cladding
Type: Provide single faced fibre cement sheets 6
mm thick.
Joints, corners and edges: UPVC extrusions or V
butt joints. Use a Super Alcor backing strip behind
vertical V butt joints and a Z section zincalume trim
at horizontal joints.
Eaves & soffit lining
Type: Provide a proprietary system of single faced
fibre cement sheets 6 mm thick.
Joints: UPVC extrusions or V butt joints.
Installation: Screw fix at 150 mm crs with proprietary
self embedding head screws in accordance with
the manufacturers instructions and the Northern
Territory Deemed to Comply standards.
Screw Types
To metal 1mm to 1.6 mm thick: Blue Hornet self
embedding head screws.
To timber and to metal under 1 mm thick: Streaker
No. 8 x 20 mm self embedding head screws.
9.5
COMPRESSED FIBRE CEMENT CLADDING
Standard: To AS/NZS 2908.2, type A, category 5.
Cladding: 9 mm thick compressed fibre cement
sheets.
Joints: Expressed joints - 10 mm gaps with EDPM
gasket backing strips.
Fixing: Recessed countersunk screws in pre-drilled
holes, filled with epoxy compound and sanded
smooth in accordance with the manufacturers
technical data.
9.6
METAL CLADDING
Cladding
Provide a proprietary system of prefinished profiled
metal cladding complete with accessories, trim and
flashings.
Fixing: Fix in accordance with the manufacturers
instructions and the Northern Territory Deemed to
Comply standards.
Penetrations: Flash all pipes and ducts, etc.,
passing through the cladding and trim with colour
matched material to ensure weathertight joints.
Design and installation
Standard: To AS 1562.1.
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SUSPENDED CEILINGS
Visible accessories
Provide materials with the same finish as cladding
sheets.
9.7
LINING
Materials and components
Plasterboard
Standard: To AS/NZS 2588.
Do not use plasterboard in wet areas.
Fibre cement
Standard: To AS/NZS 2908.2, type B, category 2.
Fasteners
Steel nails: Use corrosion resistant nails.
Self Drilling Screws: To AS 3566, corrosion
resistance Class 2.
9.8
PLASTERBOARD
Installation
Plasterboard: To AS/NZS 2589.
Framed construction: Screw or nail or combine with
adhesive.
Masonry construction: Adhesive fix direct to
masonry.
Joints
General: Provide recessed edge sheets and finish
flush with perforated reinforcing tape.
External corner joints: Make over zinc-coated steel
corner beads.
Control joints: Install purpose-made zinc-coated
control joint beads in walls and ceilings at 12 m
maximum centres and to coincide with structural
movement joints.
9.9
FIBRE CEMENT SHEET
Installation: Screw fix with self embedding head
screws and flush over screw heads.
Joints
Flush jointing: Use 6 mm thick Villaboard with
recessed edges. Provide a flush finish using
perforated reinforcing tape. In tiled areas do not
apply a topping coat after bedding the perforated
paper tape in bedding compound.
Control Joints: Install purpose made zinc coated
control joint beads at max 7.2 m centres.
UPVC Joining Strips: Use 6 mm Versilux with
proprietary UPVC mouldings at joints of sheets and
edges.
V Joints: Use 6 mm Versilux with bevelled edges
tightly butted to form neat V joints.
9.10 TONGUE AND GROOVE LINING
Installation
Stained or clear finished boards: Select boards to
give a random pattern. At corners, return the same
board to give a continuous grain pattern.
Fixing: Nail twice to each crossing except for secret
nailed profiles.
Nailheads: Treat visible nailheads as follows:
• In stained or clear finishes: Drive flush.
• In opaque finishes: Punch below surface and
fill flush with putty after the surface has been
primed.
Joints
End grain joints: Install boards so that butt joints are
in compression.
Corners: Mitre external corners and scribe internal
corners.
9.11 PLASTIC LAMINATE
3 mm thick plastic laminate sheet for use in
wet areas. Adhesive fix the sheets and join with
proprietary UPVC Joiners. Seal all joints.
9.12 TRIM
General
Provide timber or moisture resistant medium density
fibreboard trim, such as beads, skirtings, architraves,
mouldings and stops, where necessary to make
neat junctions between components, finishes and
adjacent surfaces.
10.
SUSPENDED CEILINGS
10.1 GENERAL
Standard to AS/NZS 2785.
Performance Criteria
Technical Data: Provide technical data to substantiate compliance with the loading requirements
including upward wind load.
Fixing:
Approved Fixers: Install the complete system and
accessories using specialist fixers approved by the
suspended ceiling manufacturer.
10.2 INSPECTION
Notice - Witness Point
Witness Point: Give sufficient notice so that
inspection may be made of the suspension system
prior to installation of the panels or lining.
10.3 MATERIALS AND COMPONENTS
Zinc coated steel: To AS 1397/Z200.
Aluminium extrusions: To AS/NZS 1866.
Anodising: To AS 1231, not less than class AA10.
Thermoset powder coating: To AS 3715.
Plasterboard panels: To AS/NZS 2588.
Fibrous plaster tiles: To AS 2185 with hard cast
plaster face.
Fasteners: Self-drilling screws: To AS 3566.
Powder activated fasteners: To AS/NZS 1873.4.
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PLASTERING
10.4 CONSTRUCTION GENERALLY
Ceiling grid – Hold Point
Set out the ceiling grid so that panel joints and
centrelines of visible suspension members coincide
with grid lines if shown on the drawings. If not
otherwise shown, set out so that opposite margins
are equal.
Hold Point: Obtain approval of the setout before
commencing the installation.
Support members: Galvanized metal rods with a
length adjustment of 50mm.
Installation: Install the ceilings level and fix so that
there is no looseness or rattling of components or
any of the faults described in Appendix B
of AS/NZS 2785.
Bracing
Provide bracing where necessary to prevent lateral
movement.
Fasteners
Use fasteners so that they are not visible in the
finished ceiling.
Bulkheads
Construct bulkheads and other similar ceiling
formations so that they are an integral part of
the ceiling structure and comply with the ceiling
performance requirements.
Panel installation
Painting: Paint ceiling tiles before erection.
Panel lock clips: Where panels are exposed to wind
loads or where required for security, insert panel
lock clips at the junction of carrier rails and panels.
10.5 ACCESSORIES AND TRIM
General
Provide accessories and trim necessary to complete
the installation.
Control Joints
Provide control joints in sheet finishes where
required.
Service penetrations
Provide openings for, and fit the ceiling system up to,
services elements such as light fittings, ventilation
outlets, detectors, sprinklers and loudspeakers.
Access Panels
Provide flush fitting access panels in nondemountable ceilings supported and anchored by
methods which permit ready removal and refixing.
Number: One per 10 m2 or where shown on the
drawings.
11.
PLASTERING
11.1 GENERAL
Cross references
Refer to the following sections:
• Tiling, for waterproofing of wet areas.
• Painting, for priming of embedded steel.
11.2 MATERIALS AND COMPONENTS
Plaster materials
Sand: Fine aggregate with a low clay content,
selected for grading and complying with SAA
HB161.
Cement: To AS 3972, type GP.
Lime: To AS 1672.1.
Sand: Fine, sharp, well graded with low clay content
and free from efflorescent salts.
Gypsum plaster: To comply with the recommend
-ations SAA HB 161.
Metal lath: Expanded metal to AS 1397/Z275.
Lime putty mixes
Make a coarse mix of lime putty and sand 16 hours
before use and do not allow to dry out.
Gauged mixes
To improve workability, mixes required to contain
only cement and sand may be gauged by the
addition of lime up to 25% of the cement content,
but not as a substitute for the cement.
11.3 SUBSTRATE
Correction of substrate
Before plastering, make good defects in the
substrate. Hack off excessive projections. Fill
voids and hollows with a mix not stronger than the
substrate nor weaker than the first coat.
Absorbent Surfaces: If suction is excessive control
by dampening but avoid over wetting.
Painted Surfaces: Remove paint and hack the
surface at close intervals.
Untrue substrate
If one coat application is required, but the substrate
is not sufficiently true to comply with the thickness
limits for one coat, or has excessively uneven
suction resulting from variations in the composition
of the substrate, apply 2 coats.
Cleaning
Remove loose material and leave the surface clean
and dust free.
Embedded items
Sheath water pipes and other embedded items
to permit thermal movement. If ungalvanized steel
items are to be embedded in plaster, prime before
fixing.
Chases
If chases or recesses are more than 50 mm wide,
cover with metal lath extending at least 75 mm
beyond each side of the recess.
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JOINERY & FIXTURES
Metal backgrounds
Fix metal lath to provide a key for plaster. Press the
plaster through the aperatures of the metal lathe.
Dense concrete backgrounds
Provide a mechanical key by hacking, bush
hammering or abrasive blasting to expose the
aggregate then dash coat.
11.4 PLASTERING
Thickness limits
One coat work: 12 - 15 mm.
Multi-coat work:
• First coat: 9 - 15 mm.
• Setting coat: 2 - 3 mm.
Cement rendering
Proportions by volume (cement:lime:sand) for
concrete and dense concrete block: 4:1:16
White-set plaster
Use 3:1 gypsum plaster : lime putty, applied as a
skim coat direct to the substrate.
Waterproof render
Use cement based render with proprietary
waterproofing admixture.
Tolerances
Finish plane surfaces within a tolerance of 6 mm in
3 m, determined using a 3 m straight edge placed
anywhere in any direction. Finish corners, angles,
edges and curved surfaces within equivalent
tolerances.
Curing
Do not allow rapid or uneven drying out.
Keep continuously moist for 2 days and allow to dry
for 5 days before applying further plaster coats.
V-joints
Provide V-joints cut straight through the plaster to
the substrate at the following locations:
• Junctions between different substrate materials.
• Abutments with other finishes.
• Abutments with metal door frames.
Trim
Provide purpose-made zinc-coated steel sections
as corner beads, stop beads, and at movement
control joints.
Finishes
Sand finish generally for cement render.
Steel trowel finish for white set and cement render
to be vinyl sheeted.
Wood float finish for cement render to be tiled.
Movement joints
Provide movement joints 3 to 6 mm wide in the finish
to coincide with movement joints in the substrate.
Finish with Rondo stopping beads and fill with a
resilient sealant.
12.
JOINERY AND FIXTURES
12.1 GENERAL
Outline description
This section covers:
• Joinery & Associated Hardware
• Fire Extinguishers & Blankets
• Pin Boards & White Boards etc.,
• Clothes Hoists, Letter Boxes etc.
Cross references
• Painting: For paint finishes.
12.2 MATERIALS AND COMPONENTS
Plywood
Interior use generally: To AS/NZS 2270.
Interior use, exposed to moisture: To AS/NZS 2271
Particleboard
Standard: To AS/NZS 1859.1.
Medium density fibreboard
Use fine grained uniform density resin-bonded
board.
Standard: To AS/NZS 1859.2.
Moisture resisitant medium density fibreboard:
Designated by the manufacturer as having imporved
moisture resistance and marked as such.
Melamine overlaid medium density fibreboard:
Medium density fibreboard overlaid on both sides
with low pressure melamine.
Wet Processed Fibreboard
Standard: To AS/NZS 1859.4.
Moisture content
Make milled products from timbers seasoned
to within 3% of the equilibrium moisture content
appropriate to the timber and its intended conditions
of use; and with no more than 3% difference between
any 2 pieces in any one group.
Finished sizes
Provide milled timbers with actual dimensions which
are at least the required dimensions, except for
dimensions qualified by a term such as “nominal”
or “out of” to which industry standards for finished
sizes apply.
Decorative overlaid wood panels
Standard: To AS/NZS 1859.3.
High pressure decorative laminated sheet
Standard: To AS/NZS 2924.1.
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JOINERY & FIXTURES
Decorative laminated sheet application table
Provide classes as follows in either standard type or
type P for posting forming as applicable:
Class to AS/NZS 2924.1 Application
HGS or HGP
Kitchenwork-tops
VGS
Kitchen front panels
VLS
Other locations
Thickness
When fixed to a continuous background
• Horizontal surfaces: 1.2 mm
• Vertical surfaces: 0.8 mm
• Post formed laminate: 0.8 mm
• Edge strips: 0.4 mm
• Vertical fixing to studs etc: 3.0 mm
12.3 CONSTRUCTION GENERALLY
General
Construction: Build components square and install
plumb.
Joints: Provide materials in single lengths whenever
possible. If joints are necessary, make them over
supports.
Fasteners and adhesives
General: Provide fasteners, adhesives or both to
transmit the loads imposed and ensure the rigidity
of the assembly. Do not split, discolour or otherwise
damage timber or sheets.
Visibility: Do not provide visible fixings except in the
following locations:
• Inside cupboards and drawer units.
• Inside open units, in which case provide
proprietary caps to conceal fixings.
Finishing
Junctions with structure: Scribe plinths, benchtops,
splashbacks, ends of cupboards, kickboards and
returns to follow the line of floors or walls.
Edge Strips: Finish all exposed edges of sheets with
edge strips that match the sheet faces.
12.4 CUPBOARD AND DRAWER UNITS
Plinths
Generally: 16 mm melamine overlaid high moisture
resistant medium density fibreboard.
Wet Areas: Ex 25 Thick Hardwood
Height: 90 mm
Fabrication: Form up with front and back members
and full height cross members at 900 max. centres.
Finish: Plastic laminate or painted.
Carcasses, drawer fronts, shelves and doors
Material: Melamine overlaid high moisture resistant
medium density fibreboard.
Minimum thickness: 16 mm.
Finish: Provide decorative laminated sheet if
necessary to conceal fasteners or to provide
selected colours.
Installation: Secure plinths and carcasses to floors,
walls, or both at not more than 600 mm centres.
Drawer fronts: Rout for drawer bottoms.
Adjustable shelves: Support on proprietary pins in
holes bored at 32 mm centres vertically.
Drawer and door hardware
Hinges: Provide concealed all-metal hinges with the
following features:
• Adjustable for height, side and depth location of
door.
• Self closing action.
• Hold open function.
• Nickel plated.
Proprietary item: Blum 170o opening.
If required use Machined brass butts.
Door leaves up to 760 mm high - 2 no. 64 mm.
Door leaves over 760 mm high - 3 no. 75 mm.
Drawer Slides: Provide metal runners and plastic
rollers with the following features:
• 30 kg loading capacity.
• Closure retention.
• White thermoset powder coating or nickel plated.
Proprietary Item: Blum BS220 m with length to suit
the drawer size.
Cupboard Locks:
Lockwood 690 pin tumbler
cupboard locks.
Cupboard Handles: 100 mm x 10 mm diameter
stainless steel ‘D’ pulls - Satin Finish.
12.5 BENCHTOPS
Laminated benchtops
Material: Moisture resistant medium density
fibreboard.
Minimum thickness: 32 mm.
Finish: Decorative laminated sheet adhesive fixed.
Sealing underside: Laminate undersides of
benchtops if likely to be subject to excessive
moisture from equipment such as dishwashers; or
the benchtop is not restrained against warping by
cupboard carcass or support framing.
Installation: Fix to carcass at least twice per 600 mm
length of benchtop.
Joint sealing: Fill joints with a sealant matching the
finish colour and clamp with proprietary mechanical
connectors.
Edge sealing: Seal to walls and carcasses with a
sealant which matches the finish colour.
12.6 CEILING ACCESS
Ceiling
Trim openings and provide hinged access panels of
size 600 x 600 mm. Hold shut with two 75 mm satin
chrome plated barrel bolts.
12.7 FIRE FIGHTING
Portable extinguishers
Provide portable fire extinguishers and location
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TILING
signs in accordance with the general requirements
of AS/NZS 1841.1.
Fire blankets
Provide fire blankets and location signs to AS/NZS
3504 - size: 1800 x 1800 mm.
12.8 DISPLAY BOARDS
White boards
White Viterous enamel steel sheet on 13 mm
plasterboard with aluminium foil backing fixed in
a clear anodised aluminium frame with a black
neoprene strip to conceal fixings and an integral
pen rail. Conceal screw fix to wall at 900 maximum
crs.
Pin boards
Homogenous, resilient, hessian backed cork 3.2
mm thick on 13 mm plasterboard with aluminium
foil backing fixed in a clear anodised aluminium
frame with a black neoprene strip to conceal fixings.
Screw fix to wall at 900 maximum crs.
12.9 CLOTHES HOISTS
Supply clothes hoists as required in the positions
indicated or as directed.
Rotary Hoists - Hills Supa 4 rotary clothes hoist.
Folding Hoist - Hills paraline duo FD40362.
Install as per the manufacturers written
instructions.
Concrete Footings: refer to the miscellaneous items
clause in the Concrete Construction section.
12.10 GRAB RAILS
Polished stainless steel 32 mm diameter with
concealed fixings.
Design and fixing: To AS 1428.1.
12.11 LETTERBOXES
Supply mailboxes complying with AS/NZS 4253.
Provide locks where required.
Install on the fence with galvanized brackets or
mount on 40 N.B. galvanized pipe 1000 mm above
ground level in a concrete footing 300 dia x 600 mm
deep.
13.
TILING
13.1 GENERAL
Standards
Follow the guidance given in AS/NZS 3958.1 and
AS/NZS 3958.2.
13.2 MATERIALS AND COMPONENTS
Exposed edges
If available, provide purpose-made border tiles
with the exposed edge (whether round, square or
cushion) glazed to match the tile face.
Accessories
If available, provide tile accessories such as round
edge ceramic tiles, cove tiles, step treads and
nosings to stairs, landings, and thresholds, skirtings,
sills, copings and bath vents, which match the
surrounding tiles, composition, colour and finish.
Adhesives
Standard: To AS 2358.
PVA based adhesives: Do not use in wet areas or
externally.
Mortar materials
Sand: Fine aggregate with a low clay content selected
for grading, sharp and free from efflorescing salts.
Cement: To AS 3972, type GP.
Bedding mortar
Proportioning: Select proportions from the range 1:3
to 1:4 cement:sand by volume to obtain satisfactory
adhesion. Provide minimum water.
Grout
Cement based proprietary grout: Mix with water.
Fine sand may be added as a filler in wider joints.
Portland cement based grout: Mix with fine sand.
Provide minimum water consistent with workability.
Proportioning:
• For joints up to 3 mm: 1:2 cement:sand.
• For joints over 3 mm: 1:3 cement:sand.
Epoxy Grout: Use a proprietary epoxy grout
in commercial kitchens and other heavy duty
applications.
Terracotta Tiles: Use proprietary polymer modified
grout.
Substrates
General: Before tiling, allow at least the following
times to elapse (for initial drying out and shrinkage)
for these substrates:
• Concrete slabs: 42 days.
• Concrete blockwork: 28 days.
• Toppings on slabs and rendering on brick or
blockwork: A further 21 days.
Substrate Preparation
General: Ensure substrates are as follows:
• Clean and free of any deposit or finish which
may impair adhesion or location of tiles.
• Compatable with all components of the floor
system.
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TILING
Absorbent substrates: If suction is excessive, control
it by dampening but avoid over-wetting and do not
apply mortar bedding to substrates showing surface
moisture.
Dense concrete: If not sufficiently rough to provide
a mechanical key, roughen by scabbling or the like
to remove 3 mm of the surface and expose the
aggregrate; then apply a bonding treatment.
13.3 INSPECTION
Notice - Witness Point
Witness Point: Give sufficient notice so that an
inspection may be made at the following stages:
• Completion of waterproof membrane.
• Initial or trial set out.
13.4 SAMPLES
General
If required submit labelled samples of tiles, including
fittings, accessories, grout and sealants, illustrating
the range of variation in colour and finish.
13.5 WATERPROOFING WET AREAS
Standard
General: To AS 3740.
Membrane: To AS/NZS 4858.
Membrane
Provide a proprietary (non acrylic) liquid applied
or sheet membrane system for use in wet areas,
shower recess bases and associated floors and
wall to floor junctions which are to be tiled.
Proprietary Item: Bostik Dampfix 2.
Installation
Floor wastes: Turn membrane down into the floor
waste puddle flanges, and adhere.
Hobs: Extend membrane over the hob and into the
room at least 50 mm. For hobless showers extend
1800 mm into the room.
External tiling: Provide a waterproof membrane
under external floor tiling, to balconies and over
habitable rooms, which forms a drained tank
suitable for continuous immersion. Do not run under
bounding walls.
Curing: Allow membrane to cure fully before tiling.
13.6 TILING
Cutting
Cut tiles neatly to fit around fixtures and fittings,
and at margins where necessary. Drill holes without
damaging tile faces. Rub edges smooth without
chipping.
Laying
Return tiles into sills, reveals and openings. Butt up
to returns, frames, fittings, and other finishes.
Variations
Distribute variations in hue, colour, or pattern
uniformly, by mixing tiles or tile batches before
laying.
Protection
Keep traffic off floors until the bedding has set and
attained its working strength.
Setting out
General: Set out tiles to give uniform joint widths
within the following limits:
• Internal ceramic tiling: 1.5 - 3 mm.
• Mosaic tiling: As dictated by pattern.
• Quarry tiles: 6 - 12 mm.
• Vitrified floor tiles: 3 - 5 mm.
• Stone tiles: 1.5 - 3 mm.
Joint alignment: Set out tiling with joints accurately
aligned in both directions and wall tiling joints level
and plumb.
Joint position: Set out tiles from the centre of the
floor or wall to be tiled and if possible, ensure cut
tiles are a half tile or larger.
Fixtures: If possible, position tiles so that holes
for fixtures and other penetrations occur at the
intersection of horizontal and vertical joints or in the
centre of tiles.
Falls and levels
General: Grade floor tiling to even and correct falls
generally, and to floor wastes and elsewhere as
required. Make level junctions with walls. If falls are
not required, lay level.
Minimum fall generally: 1:100.
Minimum fall in shower areas: 1:60.
Change of finish: Maintain finished floor level across
changes of floor finish including carpet.
Preparation of tiles
Adhesive bedding: Fix tiles dry.
Mortar bedding: Soak porous tiles in water for half
an hour and then drain until the surface water has
disappeared.
Terracotta Tiles: Use presealed tiles or apply a
breathable sealer.
Floor finish dividers
Finish tiled floors at junctions with differing floor
finishes with a corrosion-resistant metal dividing
strip fixed to the substrate. If changes of floor finish
occur at doorways, make the junction directly below
the closed door.
Bath ventilation
Ventilate the space below fully enclosed baths with
at least 2 ventilating tiles.
Sealed joints
Fill joints with silicone sealant and finish flush with
the tile surface where tiling joins sanitary fixtures
and at corners of walls in showers.
Proprietary Item: ABA Colourflex silicone sealant to
match the colour of the grout..
Movement joints
Provide movement joints over structural joints and
at walls or to divide tiled areas into bays a maximum
of 20 m2 and 5 m wide. Provide joints 6 to 12 mm
wide to suit the tiling pattern and fill with a colour
matching silicone sealant over a foam backing rod.
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PAINTING
14.
PAINTING
14.1 GENERAL
Standards
Follow the guidance given in AS/NZS 2311 and
AS/NZS 2312.
Powder Coating
Aluminium surfaces: To AS 3715.
Steel or zinc coated surfaces: To AS 4506.
‘Wet Paint’ warning
Place notices conspicuously and do not remove
them until the paint is dry.
14.2 MATERIALS AND COMPONENTS
Premium Paints
Use only premium paints from approved
manufacturers.
Paint Manufacturer
Prior to placing orders provide a list showing the
brand of the paint proposed for use and the trade
names of the paint types referred to by generic
type and APAS specification number in the painting
schedule.
Spray Painting - Hold point.
Do not apply by spray without approval.
Combinations
Do not combine paints from different manufacturers
in a paint system.
Delivery
Deliver paints to the site in the manufacturers’
labelled containers. Ensure containers are marked
with the APAS (Australian Paint Approvals Scheme)
specification number.
14.3 INSPECTION
Notice - Witness Point
Witness Point: Give sufficient notice so that each of
the following stages may be inspected:
• substrate immediately prior to commencement of
painting.
• Prior to application of final coat.
14.4 PAINTING
Substrate Preparation
Prepare new surfaces for painting in accordance
with Section 3 of AS/NZS 2311.
For repainting of existing surfaces comply with
Sections 7 and 8 of AS/NZS 2311. This includes
cleaning down with sugar soap, treatment of mould
growth, rubbing back existing painted surfaces
with abrasive paper and patching and priming of
damaged surfaces.
Order of work
Complete clear timber finishes before commencing
opaque paint finishes in the same area.
Protection
Remove door furniture, switch plates, light fittings
and other fixtures before starting to paint, and refix
in position on completion of painting.
Restoration
Clean off marks, paint spots and stains progressively
and restore damaged surfaces to their original
condition. Touch up damaged decorative paintwork
or misses with the paint batch used in the original
application.
Fillers
Provide a filler tinted to match the substrate if the
finish is transparent.
Paint application
Apply the first coat immediately after substrate
preparation and before contamination of the
substrate can occur. Ensure each coat of paint or
clear finish is uniform in colour, gloss, thickness and
texture, and free of runs, sags, blisters, or other
discontinuities.
Number of coats
Apply additional coats if necessary at no extra cost
to achieve the required total film thickness and
satisfactory opacity.
Priming before fixing
Timber: Apply a first coat (two coats to end grain)
to exposed roof trim, timber doors including tops
and bottoms of doors, associated trims and glazing
beads before fixing in position.
Steel: Apply a priming coat of zinc-rich organic
binder to APAS - 2916.
Repair of galvanizing
If galvanized or zinc-coated surfaces have been cut
or welded after galvanizing, prime the affected area
with a zinc-rich organic binder to APAS - 2916.
Paint system description
If a system is referred to only by its final coat (for
example by the manufacturer’s brand name, the
APAS specification code or the generic name)
provide stains, primers, sealers and undercoats
which are suitable for the substrate and are
compatible with the finish coat and each other.
Painting Schedule
Refer to the Project Specific Requirements for
painting, where applicable.
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FLOOR COVERINGS
15.
FLOOR COVERINGS
15.1 GENERAL
Cross reference
Refer to the Painting section for finishing of sanded
timber floors.
Approved Fixers
Have the floor coverings and accessories installed
by experienced fixers approved by the floor covering
supplier.
15.2 INSPECTION
Notice - Witness Point
Witness Point: Give sufficient notice so that
inspection may be made of the prepared substrate
or underlay.
15.3 MATERIALS AND COMPONENTS
Hardboard underlay
Standard: To AS/NZS 1859.4, standard hardboard
Type RD, manufactured as flooring underlay.
Thickness: 5.5 mm.
Carpet underlay
Needled underfelt: Provide a felt composed of
60% animal fibre and 40% jute, reinforced with
polypropylene scrim with a minimum mass of 50 g/
m2, or hessian fabric with a minimum mass of 150 g/
m2 .
Synthetic Foam underlay: Provide a high density
synthetic latex flat cushion foam sandwiched
between reinforced carrier fabric.
Rubber underlay: Provide a heavy-duty natural
rubber, waffle pattern, with a backing of reinforcing
fabric, either hessian, spun nylon, or polyester.
Hot-melt adhesive tape
Provide a glass fibre and cotton thermoplastic
adhesive coated tape 60 mm wide on a 90 mm
wide metal foil base and backed with silicon-coated
release paper.
15.4 SUBSTRATE
Substrate preparation
Prepare the substrate including the following:
• Stripping and cleaning: Remove deleterious and
loose material, including existing floor coverings
and any surface treatment which could adversely
affect adhesion.
• Repairs: Make good to the surface finish as
necessary. Fill depressions with a suitable
filler, and remove high spots and projections.
If necessary lay a steel-trowelled underlay to
concrete substrate.
• Fixtures and fittings: Remove door stops and
other fixtures, and refix in position undamaged
on completion of the installation.
• Basic sanding: Produce an even plane sanded
surface on strip flooring to be covered with
carpet or resilient sheet or tile. Lightly sand the
junctions of sheet flooring.
Moisture Content
General: Do not commence the installation of
flooring unless the moisture content of the concrete
substrate has been tested to AS/NZS 2455.1,
Appendix B and values obtained as follows:
• < 5.5% when tested by the electrical resistance
test
• < 70% when tested by the hygrometer test.
If necessary provide artificial means for drying out
the substrate before installation.
15.5 LAYING CARPET
Standard: To AS/NZS 2455.1.
Setting out
General: Lay the carpet in continuous lengths
without cross joins in the body of the area. Make
unavoidable cross joins at doorways under the
closed door.
Joints in underlay: Ensure joints in underlay do not
coincide with carpet joints. Do not carry underlay
over carpet grippers or edge strips.
Seaming methods
Woven carpet: Machine or hand sew.
Tufted carpet: Provide hot-melt adhesive tapes.
Fixing
Gripper strip: Provide preformed gripper strip
and tackless edge strip. Space fixings at 150 mm
maximum centres.
Permanent stick method: Immediately after laying,
and again one hour later, roll the carpet from the
centre diagonally towards each edge using a
65 kg multi-wheeled roller. Do not roll foam-backed
carpet.
Edge strip
Provide a proprietary aluminium edge strip with
a PVC insert at exposed edges of the carpet. If
edge strips occur at doorways, make the junction
underneath the closed door.
Proprietary Item: Roberts multi-purpose aluminium
trim section.
Clearance
Doors: Trim doors as required to clear the finished
carpet by 3 mm and reseal the underside.
15.6 LAYING RESILIENT FINISHES
Standard: To AS 1884.
Sheet set out
Set out sheets to give the minimum number of joints.
Run sheet joints parallel with the long sides of floor
areas.
Tile set out
Set out tiles from the centre of the area. Match
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PLUMBING & DRAINAGE
edges and align patterns. Arrange the material so
that variation in appearance is minimised.
Adhesives
Use adhesives as recommended by the manufacturer
for the particular application.
Joints
Heat welding: After fixing, groove the seams with a
grooving tool and weld the joints with matching filler
rod and hot air welding gun. When the weld rod has
cooled, trim off flush.
Cold welding: Apply seaming compound 100 mm
wide to the substrate centrally under the seam. Roll
the finish in two directions until the compound is
forced up into the joint. Clean off flush with a damp
cloth.
Junctions
Scribe neatly up to returns, edges, fixtures and
fittings. Finish flush with adjoining surfaces.
Vinyl Skirting
Moulded black PVC feather edge skirting section,
100 mm high. Scribe as necessary, mitre corners
and fix to walls with contact adhesive.
Cleaning and protection
Keep traffic off floors until bonding has set or for 24
hours after laying, whichever period is the longer.
Do not allow water in contact with the finish for 7
days.
Finishing
Finish in accordance with the manufacturers written
instructions.
16.
PLUMBING AND DRAINAGE
16.1 GENERAL
Cross references
Refer to the following sections:
• Site preparation, for service trenches.
• Roofing, for roof plumbing.
• Tiling, for waterproofing of wet areas.
• Painting, for priming steel or iron before installation
and exposed piping required to be painted.
Standards
Plumbing and drainage products: To SAA MP52.
Installation: To AS/NZS 3500.5.
16.2 NOTICE
Commencement – Hold Point
Hold Point: Do not commence work until a Copy
of the approved plumbing plans has been lodged
with the Building Certifier. Supply one copy of the
approved Drawings to the Superintendent before
commencing work on site.
16.3 INSPECTION
Notice: Give sufficient notice so that inspection may
be made of work ready for testing. Include inspection
for, plumbing, drainage and gas instructions.
16.4 TESTS
Hydrostatic tests – Hold Point
Hold Point: Waterpipes: Test to AS/NZS 3500.1,
Section 16.
Hold Point: Sanitary Pipes: test to AS/NZS 3500.2,
Section 13.
Preparation for testing
Seal off items of equipment not designed to
withstand the test pressure. Securely anchor pipes
and fittings in position to prevent movement during
the tests.
Cure solvent cement joins for at least 24 hours
before testing.
Testing
Check pipe joints, valve seats, tap washers, strainers
and other elements for leaks. Repair or replace if
damaged, and retest.
16.5 CONTRACTOR’S SUBMISSIONS
Work-as-executed drawings
Submit drawings showing the ‘as installed’ locations
of pipes, fittings, tanks, water heaters, control valves
and accessories. Show the depth of underground
pipework.
Connections
Excavate to locate and expose the connection
points and connect to the authorities’ mains. On
completion, backfill and compact the excavation
and reinstate surfaces and elements which have
been disturbed such as roads, pavements, kerbs,
footpaths and nature strips.
Local authorities
If the authority elects to perform or supply part of the
works, make arrangements and pay and bear the
fees payable for the work.
16.6 MATERIALS AND COMPONENTS
Water supply pipes
Copper pipe: To AS 1432, Type B.
Jointing methods: Use capillary fittings, compression
fittings, silver brazed slip joints or screwed joints.
Galvanized steel pipe: To AS 1074, with screwed
joints.
Wall thickness: Heavy for sizes up to and including
DN 80, medium for sizes above DN 80.
Generally: Use copper pipes.
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PLUMBING & DRAINAGE
Corrosive water areas: Use class 16 Polybutylene
pipes to AS/NZS 2642.2 and where exposed, use
316 stainless steel pipes.
Finishes
Finish exposed piping, including fittings and supports
as follows:
• Internal locations such as toilet and kitchen areas:
Bright chrome plate.
• Externally: Paint.
• Concealed but accessible spaces (including
cupboards and non-habitable enclosed spaces):
Leave unpainted except for required identification
marking. Prime steel piping and iron fittings.
Valves
Finish valves to match connected piping.
Tapware and Fixtures
Provide sanitary fixtures and tapware as scheduled
or shown on the drawings.
Toilet Cisterns
Provide toilet cisterns complying with a minimum 4A
water efficiency rating.
16.7 CONSTRUCTION GENERALLY
General
Install piping in straight lines and to uniform grades.
Arrange and support the piping so that it remains
free from vibration and water hammer, whilst
permitting thermal movement. Keep the number of
joints to a minimum. Prevent direct contact between
incompatible metals.
Concealment
If practicable, conceal piping and fittings requiring
maintenance or servicing so that they are accessible
within non-habitable enclosed spaces such as roof
spaces, subfloor spaces and ducts. Keep pipeline
in subfloor spaces at least 150 mm above ground
and ensure access can be provided throughout
for inspection. Provide at least 25 mm clearance
between adjacent pipelines (measured from the
piping insulation where applicable).
Embedded pipes: Do not embed pipes that operate
under pressure in concrete or surfacing material.
Building penetrations
If piping passes through building elements provide
purpose-made metal or plastic sleeves formed
from pipe sections. Prime steel or iron before
installation.
Pipe supports
Materials: The same as the piping, or galvanized
or non-ferrous metals, with bonded PVC or glass
fibre woven tape sleeves where needed to separate
dissimilar metals.
Cover plates
Where exposed piping emerges from wall, floor or
ceiling finishes, provide cover plates of non-ferrous
metal, finished to match the piping, or of stainless
steel.
Connections to Network Utility Operator Mains
General: Excavate to locate and expose the
connection points and connect to the Network
Utility Operator mains. On completion, backfill and
compact the excavation and reinstate surfaces and
elements which have been disturbed such as roads,
pavements, kerbs, footpaths and nature strips.
16.8 STORMWATER
Standard
General: To AS/NZS 3500.3 or AS/NZS 3500.5.
Cleaning
During construction, use temporary covers to
openings and keep the system free of debris. On
completion, flush the system using water and leave
it clean.
Pipelaying
Lay pipelines with the spigot ends in the direction
of flow.
Downpipe connections
Turn up drain branch pipelines to finish 50 mm
above finished ground or pavement level.
Subsoil drains
Connection: Connect subsoil drains to the
stormwater drainage system.
Trench width: Minimum 450 mm.
Subsoil drains: Provide proprietary perforated
plastic pipe.
Filter fabric: Provide a non woven polymeric fabric
formed from a plastic yarn containing stabilisers
or inhibitors to make the filaments resistant to
deterioration due to ultraviolet light.
Filter sock: Provide a non woven polyester permeable
sock capable of retaining particles of 0.25 mm size.
Securely fit or join the sock at each joint.
Backfilling: Backfill with 20 mm nominal size washed
screenings, to the following depths:
• To the underside of the bases of overlying
structures such as pavements, slabs and
channels.
• To within 75 mm of the finished surface of unpaved
or landscaped areas.
Stormwater Pits
Cover levels: Locate the top of covers or gratings,
including frames as follows:
• In paved areas: Flush with the paving surface.
• In landscaped areas: 25 mm above finished
surface.
• Gratings taking surface water runoff: Set to
receive the runoff without ponding.
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PLUMBING & DRAINAGE
16.9 WASTEWATER
General
Standard To AS/NZS 3500.2 or AS/NZS 3500.5.
Materials: UPVC drainage pipes, type DWV.
Waterless composting toilets: To AS/NZS 1546.2
On site domestic wastewater treatment units: To
AS/NZS 1546.3.
Cleaning
During construction, use temporary covers to
openings and keep the system free of debris. On
completion, flush the system using water and leave
it clean.
Septic tanks
Precast concrete or glass fibre reinforced plastic
septic tank: To AS/NZS 1546.1.
Effluent disposal: To AS/NZS 1547 and the
requirements of the Environmental Health Branch
of the Department of Health and Community
Services.
Vent pipes
Staying to roof: Do not penetrate the roof covering,
fix the stays at roofing screws.
Terminations: Provide bird-proof vent cowls made of
the same material and colour as the vent pipe.
16.10 FRESH WATER
Standards
General: To AS/NZS 3500.1 and AS/NZS 3500.5.
Tap positions
Locate hot tap to the left of, or above, the cold water
tap.
Accessories
Provide the accessories and fittings necessary for
the proper functioning of the plumbing systems,
including taps, valves, outlets, pressure and
temperature control devices, strainers, gauges and
pumps.
Water Heaters
Electric water heaters: To AS/NZS 4692.1
Minimum energy performance: To AS/NZS 4692.2
Gas hot water heaters: To AS 4552
Oil fired heaters: To AS 1691.
Solid fuel heaters: To AS/NZS 2918.
Heater installation
Location: Locate water heaters where they can be
maintained or replaced without damaging adjacent
structures, fixtures or finishes.
Solar water heater
Design and construction: To AS 2712.
Use a proprietary automatic water heater
comprising solar collector and storage container,
with supplementary heating unit, including the
connections, controls and fittings necessary for the
proper functioning of the system.
Manufacturer: Solahart 302L with 4 m2 solar
collectors for houses and 180L with 2 m2 solar
collectors for units. Use D models in corrosive
water areas.
Electric Water Heater
Provide and electric water heater wall mounted in
the position shown on the drawings or as directed.
Proprietary Item: Hardies Dux 50 litre. Model
HDE50V.
Temperature
Maximum temperature at ablution outlets: 50oC.
Maximum temperature at kitchen sinks and laundry
tubs: 600C
Isolating valves
Provide isolation valves to water heaters.
Cleaning
On completion, flush the pipelines using water and
leave them clean.
Rainwater Tanks
Standards
Metal tanks and rainwater goods: To AS/NZS
2179.1
Design and Installation: To the recommendations of
SAA HB 230.
Polyethylene Tanks: AS/NZS 4766.
16.11 FIRE HOSE REELS
Standard: To AS/NZS 1221.
Reel Type:
Reel drum mounting bracket,
independent of the supply pipe.
Hose: 36 m hose with metal nozzle for jet and
spray.
Installation: To AS 2441. Provide swing out arms
where necessary.
16.12 GAS
Standard
General: To AS 5601 and AS/NZS 1596.
Installation
Install pipework in straight lines and uniform grades.
Keep the number of joints to a minimum. Prevent
direct contact between incompatible metals.
Conceal pipes where possible.
Accessories: Provide the accessories and fittings,
necessary for the proper functioning of the gas
system.
Buried pipes
Warning tape: During backfilling, lay plastic warning
tape above and for the full length of buried gas
pipes.
Type: Minimum 100 mm wide, with “GAS PIPE
UNDER” marked continuously.
Certificate of appliance - Hold Point
Hold Point: Submit a certificate from the manufacturer
stating that the appliance meets with AGA/ALPGA
approval for operation with the type of gas to be
used.
Gas bottles
Provide 2 x 45 kg gas cylinders with a manual
change over valve. Locate where shown on the
drawings or as directed on a concrete pad.
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ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS
Appliances
Gas water heaters: To AS 4552.
Gas space heating appliances: To AS 4553.
Commissioning
On completion of installation and testing, turn on
isolating and control valves and purge and charge
the installation.
Compliance plate - Hold Point
Hold Point: Install a compliance plate and provide a
certificate of approval prior to practical completion.
17.
ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS
17.1 GENERAL
Cross reference
Refer to the Site preparation section for service
trenches.
Standards
Electrical installations generally: To AS/NZS 3000
and SAA HB 301.
Domestic electrical installations: To AS 3006.
Selection of Cables: To AS/NZS 3008.1.1
Design: To SAA HB 301
Minimum energy performance standards:
To AS/NZS 4782.2 and AS/NZS 4783.2
Regulations
Comply with the following Regulations:
- PowerWater Regulations
- WorkSafe Requirements (O, H & S Regulations)
- The B.C.A.
- DPI, Safety and Technical Regulations
- The N.T. Electricity Reform Act.
Materials & Components
Luminaries: To AS/NZS 60598.1.
Circuit breakers: To AS 60947.2.
Low
voltage switchgear and control gear:To
AS 60947.1.
Switchboards: To AS 3439.1 or AS 3439.3 as
appropriate.
Domestic electricity meter enclosures: To AS 6002
and PowerWater requirements.
Cables: To AS/NZS 3008.1.1.
17.2 INSPECTION
Notice - Witness Point
Witness Point: Give sufficient notice so that
inspection may be made of trench excavations
and underground or concealed conduits or cables
before covering.
17.3 INSTALLATION GENERALLY
Wiring: Conceal cables and conduits, including
underground cable or conduit entering the building,
in a manner that will allow wiring replacement
without structural work or the removal of cladding or
lining. Do not penetrate damp-proof courses.
Electrical accessories: Install flush mounted
accessories in wall boxes, if required, in masonry
and in mounting brackets in stud walls.
Fixed appliances: Provide connections with socket
outlet and flush blank plate for fixed and stationary
appliances.
17.4 CONSUMER MAINS & METERING
General: Provide a consumer main and connect to
the main service.
Meter Box: Provide a metal meter box with a hinged
lid and arrange for the Kwh meter to be installed by
PowerWater.
Standard: To AS 6002 and PowerWater
requirements.
17.5 DISTRIBUTION BOARD
General:
Provide control switchgear, circuit
breakers and residual current devices (RCD’s) on a
wall mounted distribution board enclosed in a case
with a hinged door.
Housing: Install a distribution board with a minimum
of 4 spare poles.
Circuit Breakers: DIN rail mounted. 6kA minimum
fault current rating. Size circuit breakers to the
calculated fault current at the site. Provide combined
circuit breakers and residual current devices on
each circuit requiring RCD protection.
Leave documents and instructions behind for use
by the building occupiers on how to use the RCD’s.
17.6 ACCESSORIES
Socket outlets and light switches
Proprietary Item: Use Clipsal 2000 series or HPM
Excel. For Public Housing or institutional buildings
use single piece face plates and positively locked
in switches.
Mounting heights
Light Switches and Fan Controllers: 1300 AFL.
Generally 1000 AFL if required for disabled access
which must match the height of the door furniture.
Socket Outlets: Generally 300 above floor level or
or 200 above bench surface.
Ceiling Fans
Mounting Height: 2300 mm minimun.
Fixing: fix to 75 x 50 hardwood trimers securely
fixed between truss bottom chords. On sloping
ceilings provide a hardwood mounting block to give
a horizontal fixing.
Controls: 5 speed or electronic generally mounted
adjacent to light switches and in view of the fan.
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MECHANICAL INSTALLATIONS
Smoke detection
Provide smoke detectors to the requirements of the
BCA.
Standard: To AS 3786.
Power: Connect to the nearest light circuit or where
the number of detectors is 4 or more connect to a
dedicated final subcircuit.
Connection: Inter connect detectors so as to raise
the alarm in all areas in the event of one detector
being activated.
Installation: To AS 1670.6.
Emergency lighting
Provide emergency lighting and exit signs in
accordance with the BCA and to AS 2293.1.
Intruder Alarm System
Provide an intruder alarm system.
Standard: To AS/NZS 2201.1.
17.7 APPLIANCES
Wiring: For permanently connected appliances,
including appliances the provision of which is
specified in other Sections, provide a standard wall
box, if required, or a wall bracket in stud framed
structures, with either a flush blank plate or isolating
switch, angle take off terminator, and approximately
900 mm of flexible PVC conduit terminated at the
appliance and supported in accessible locations.
17.8 TELECOMMUNICATIONS CABLING
Standards
Generally: To the Australian Communications
Authority-Communications Cabling Manual parts 1
and 2.
Cables: to AS/ACIF S008.
Cable installation: to AS/ACIF S009 and AS/ANZ
ISO/IEC 15018.
Pre Wiring: Have pre-wiring of telephone, data, TV
and tele-communications services carried out before
the installation of linings, paving and landscaping.
Telephones in dwellings
Wire and terminate telephone outlet to a standard
ACA box on external wall. Liaise with the service
provider for location of termination box. Arrange
with the service provider for the installation of the
incoming service line, cabling etc., as supplied by
the service provider.
17.9 TELEVISION
Provide an analogue and digital television
distribution system to AS/NZS 1367 and conforming
to the recommendations of Digital Broadcasting
Australia.
Antennas: Provide and locate antennas to receive
all locally available free-to-air television stations
suitable for satellite or cable network operators
services. Provide a coaxial cabling system.
Conduits for future cabling: > 25 mm diameter with
drawstrings.
Outlets: Connect the TV antennae to outlet plates
where shown on the drawings.
Testing - Witness Point
Witness Point: Test the complete television and
audio system and provide the superintendent with
a certificate showing test results and certifying
compliance.
17.10 COMMISSIONING
Requirement: On completion clean faceplates,
luminaire reflectors and diffusers, and the like,
replace faulty lamps, reinstate ground surfaces and
finishes disturbed by trenching, and hand over the
completed installation in working order.
Testing: Carry out mandatory inspection and testing
in accordance with AS/NZS 3000, Section 6.
Contractor’s Submissions: Prior to practical
completion submit the Electrical Certificate of
Compliance to the Superintendent.
18.
MECHANICAL INSTALLATIONS
18.1 GENERAL
Cross references
Refer to the following sections:
• General requirements: for compliance with
manufacturers instructions.
• Electrical installations: For electrical requirements.
Standards
Non ducted air conditioners: To AS/NZS 3823.1.1.
Ducted air conditioners: To AS/NZS 3823.1.2.
Evaporative air coolers: To AS 2913.
18.2 AIR CONDITIONERS
Efficiency Rating: Minimum 4 Star Rating
Split Systems - Installation
Refrigerant Lines: Use pre-charged lines and
equipment or if field installed test for dryness.
Refrigerant Type: Use only R22, or R410A or
R407.
Leakage Testing: Comply with AS/NZS 1677.2
and the recommendations of SAA HB 40.1 and
SAA HB 40.2
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FENCES
Dryness testing: Test each refrigerant system for
dryness by evacuating the whole system when the
ambient temperature is over 16oc to maximum 25
Pa absolute pressure and measuring the pressure
rise with the vacuum pump isolated from the system.
Maximum allowable absolute pressure rise after
minimum 4 hours is 15 Pa.
18.3 INSTALLATION GENERALLY
Installation: Bolt units down to manufacturer’s
recommendations using anti vibration mounts.
Install refrigeration piping and electrical wiring
neatly. Provide colorbond steel covers over exposed
pipework.
Clearance: Provide minimum recommended
clearance around units for correct condenser
air
flow
and
maintenance
requirements.
Insulation: Protect pipework insulation against
ultra-violet light and mechanical damage
by fitting folded colorbond metal covers.
Cyclone Fixings: Fix all external plant to resist
cyclonic winds in accordance with the N.T. Building
Act.
Electrical: Hardwire split systems from isolating
switches adjacent to the outdoor units, with control
wiring to the indoor units.
Circular Flexible Ductwork
Fabrication: To AS 4254 clause 2.8 using reinforced
foil laminate to fire rating 4.0.0.0.
Installation: Fix without restriction to airflow using
straps to prevent sagging.
18.7 FANS
General
Provide fans which have quiet operation, deliver
the required air quantity against the resistance of
the system as installed and have maximum static
efficiency at the required duty.
Installation: Install fans so as to isolate vibration
and to allow access for maintenance.
18.8 COMMISSIONING
Test, commission and maintain the specified
mechanical services, including all inferred and
obvious work required to complete the works.
18.9 CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE
Commence any corrective maintenance within 4
hours of verbal advice from the Superintendent
during the defects liability period. Report on the
progress and advise the Superintendent if any
delays are foreseen.
18.4 CONDENSATE DRAINS
Install condensate drains in accordance with the
N.T. Plumbing code, AS/NZS 1477, AS 2032 and
AS/NZS 3666.1.
Minimum size: 20 mm. Connect to the nearest
floor waste, stormwater drain or to a soaker drain.
Insulate drains within the building envelope.
Soakage Pit: 50 Dia uPVC pipe 2 m long with 2 m of
slotted uPVC pipe at end graded away from building
in 600 deep trench. Surround slotted pipe with 100
mm cover of 13 mm aggregate.
Drawing: Refer to detail 2 on standard housing
drawing B08 - 7278.
18.10 SERVICING
During the defects liability period, provide servicing
to mechanical units in accordance with the
manufacturer’s instructions.
18.5 FRESH AIR
Provide fresh air supply through the air conditioning
unit to air conditioned spaces in accordance with
AS 1668.2.
19.
18.6 DUCTWORK
Requirement: Provide ductwork for fresh air supply
or exhaust air as required.
Standard: To AS 4254.
Material: Zinc coated steel sheet to AS 1397/G2
Z275.
Provide suitable grilles at intakes and outlets.
Filters: Provide filters for fresh air supply to AS
1324.1 G2, Type 1, Class A.
FENCES
19.1 GENERAL
Cross reference
Refer to the following sections:
• Block Construction for block fences and walls.
• Paving for Log Barriers.
19.2 MATERIALS AND COMPONENTS
Galvanizing
Galvanize mild steel components as follows:
• Threaded fasteners: To AS 1214.
• Other components: To AS/NZS 4680.
Steel Tubes
Standard: To AS 1163 grade C350LO or to AS
1074.
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FENCES
Wire
Chainwire, cablewire, tiewire or barbed wire: To AS
2423.
Concrete
Standard: To AS 1379 Grade N25.
Metal Components
Self-drilling screws: To AS 3566 corrosion resistant
class 3.
Steel framing: Zinc-coated or aluminium/zinc alloy
coated steel to AS 1397/Z450 or AZ150.
Steel sheeting: Prepainted to AS/NZS 2728.
19.3 CONSTRUCTION GENERALLY
Clearing
Clear vegetation except for trees and shrubs to be
retained within 1 m of the fence alignment. Grub out
the stumps and roots of removed trees or shrubs
and trim the grass to ground level, but do not remove
the topsoil.
Setout
Setout the fence lines and mark the positions of
gates, posts and bracing panels.
Excavation
Excavate footings so that they have vertical sides
and a firm base.
Minimum footing size
Refer to the standard drawing for the required
fence.
Line and level
Erect posts vertically to follow the contours of the
natural ground.
Concrete footings
Place mass concrete around posts and finish with
a weathered top falling 25 mm from the post to
ground level.
Steel panel fencing
Ensure bottom rails have drain holes and are at
least 50 mm clear of the ground or mowing strip.
Mowing strips
Where required provide a 200 x 75 mm deep
concrete mowing strip under the centreline of the
fence to finish 20 mm above finished ground level.
19.4 GATES
General
Construction: Construct gates to match the fencing
and in the lcoations shown on drawings or as
directed.
Hardware: Provide the following:
• Drop bolt and ferrule to each leaf of double
gates.
• Latch to one leaf of double gates.
• Provision for locking by padlock.
• Hinges to ensure smooth operation.
Hand access: Provide hand holes to give access
from outside to reach locking provision.
19.5 FENCE TYPES
Domestic fences
Street Frontage: 760 mm high galvanized posts
and rails with chainwire in accordance with standard
drawing CS 1304-2.
Other Boundaries: 760 mm high galvanized posts
and pigwire in accordance with standard drawing
CS 1304-2.
Security fences
1830 mm high chainwire supported on 4 mm
galvanized wire cables and posts, complete with
offset 3 strand barbed wire at the top constructed
and installed in accordance with standard drawing
CS 1303-1.
Remote Community Fences
1500 mm high chainwire with knuckled selvedges
supported on 3 strands of 2 x 4 mm galvanized
twisted wire and galvanized steel posts set in
concrete footings in accordance with standard
drawing B93-1168-D.
Swimming pool fences
Standard panels of of 16 dia tube roll top fencing
2400 long x 1250 high welded to 32 x 32 x 1.6 rails
and fixed with proprietary fittings to 65 x 65 x 2.5
mm SHS posts, including caps. Gate posts 76 x 76
x 3.2 mm SHS.
Concrete Footings: 250 dia x 600 deep for posts
and 300 dia x 700 deep for gateposts.
Finish: Hot dipped galvanized and powder coated.
Fit proprietary hinges and safety latches etc.
Proprietary Item: Magnalatch.
Horizontal sheet metal fences
Hot dipped galvanized 65 x 65 x 3 SHS posts with
caps at 2400 centres set in 225 dia x 900 deep
concrete footings with 0.42 mm BMT Colorbond
Trimdek in long lengths, valley fixed horizontally to
finish 1600 above ground level in accordance with
standard drawing B93-1168-D.
Vertical sheet metal fences
Hot dipped galvanized 76 x 76 x 3.2 SHS posts,
1500 high with caps, at 2400 crs set in 250 dia x
600 mm deep concrete footings with 64 x 38 x 3.2
mm RHS horizontal rails clad with 0.42 mm BMT
Colorbond Trimdek valley fixed vertically to finish
1650 above ground level.
Refer to the Northern Territory Deemed to Comply
detail S8.
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PAVING
20.
PAVING
20.1 GENERAL
Cross reference
Refer to the Site Preparation section for fill types.
Footpath crossing
Provide a footpath and kerb crossing to local council
requirements.
20.2 MATERIALS AND COMPONENTS
Mortar materials
Sand: Use a fine aggregate with a low clay content
selected for grading.
Cement: To AS 3972, type GP.
Mortar
Mix proportions: 1:3 cement: sand.
20.3 CONSTRUCTION GENERALLY
Grading
General: Grade paving to even falls to drain away
from buildings to drainage outlets without ponding.
Minimum fall for drainage: 1:100.
20.4 BASE COURSE
Preparation
Prepare the subgrade to suit the thickness of the
base course and paving. If necessary, loosen the
ground to a depth of 200 mm and adjust the moisture
content before compaction. Compact the ground
to a firm even surface using at least 2 passes of
a vibrating plate compactor or roller. Remove and
replace soft areas with suitable fill.
Base course material
Provide well-graded crushed rock or gravel, free of
deleterious material, with a maximum particle size
of 26.5 mm, uniformly graded and with a maximum
clay content of 6% by mass.
Placing
Spread and compact the base course to a firm,
tight, close textured surface using at least 3
passes of a vibrating plate compactor or roller.
Adjust the moisture content as needed to facilitate
compaction.
Base course minimum thickness table
Comply with the following minimum thicknesses:
Site classification to AS 2870
Unit paving
Bituminous paving
A
S&M
A
S&M
Foot and bicycle 0
0
50 mm 100 mm
traffic
Light domestic
0
75 mm 100 mm 150 mm
traffic occasionally
up to 3 tonne gross
20.5 ASPHALT PAVING
Hotmix paving
Standard: Place and compact asphaltic concrete
paving over the prepared base course to AS 2150.
Mix designation: AC7.
Bitumen binder: Class 320 bitumen.
Minimum thickness: 25 mm.
Tack coating:
Bitumenous emulsion spray to
AS 2150.
20.6 SPRAY SEALING
Preparation
Prepare the surface as per the Gravel Driveways
clause.
Priming: Prime the surface with cutback bitumen to
AMC 00 at the rate of 1 litre per m2.
Sealing
Apply the bitumen seal at the rate of 2.5 litres per
m2 .
Mix Designation: S10E.
Aggregate: Apply 14 mm aggregate and roll into the
surface.
Completion
Broom off the excess aggregate and remove from
site.
20.7 UNIT PAVING
Masonry segmental pavers
General: Provide paving units of clay, natural stone or
concrete masonry, purpose-made for use as paving,
or units made for bonded masonry construction but
suitable for paving.
Standard: To AS/NZS 4455.1 and AS/NZS 4455.3.
Minimum thickness:
• Foot and bicycle traffic: 40 mm.
• Light domestic traffic occasionally up to 3 tonne
gross: 60 mm.
Cutting units: Cut paving units to maintain sharp
edges and accurate joints and margins.
Pattern: As shown on the drawings otherwise
stretcher bond.
Laying unit paving
General: Over the base course, lay the units on
bedding sand screeded to a uniform thickness not
exceeding 50 mm, and to the required falls and
levels. Do not disturb the screeded sand bedding
before the units are laid. Provide a gap of 1-3 mm
wide between adjoining units. After laying, tamp the
units using a vibrating plate compactor.
Dry joints: Fill the joints flush with clean, fine sand
or screened bedding sand passing a 1.2 mm sieve,
vibrate into the joints and then make 2 further passes
of the vibrating plate compactor.
Edge restraint
Provide concrete fillet edge restraint where needed
to support the sand bedding and maintain the paving
shape.
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LANDSCAPE
20.8 IN SITU CONCRETE PAVING
Concrete
Standard: To AS 1379 grade N25.
Minimum thickness
Foot and bicycle traffic and light domestic traffic
occasionally up to 3 tonne gross: 100 mm.
Reinforcing Mesh: SL62 placed centrally.
Use pine timber, pressure impregnated with ACQ
preservative formulation, copper oxide (CuO)
and quaternary ammonium compound (DDAC) to
Category H4 of AS 1604.
Do not use preservative treatments that contain
arsenic or chromium.
Preparation
Trim the ground to suit the required thickness of
concrete and compact to a firm, even surface.
Control joints
Form tooled joints at maximum 2 m spacing.
Expansion joints
Cast-in 10 mm thick Abelflex closed cell compressible
filler strip at maximum 6 m spacing.
Abutment with building
If concrete paving more than 1.5m wide abuts the
wall of a building, provide a strip of 10 mm thick
Ableflex closed cell compressible filler strip between
the paving and the wall.
Broom finish
Wood float and broom to an even textured slipresistant surface with steel tooled margins. On
gradients steeper than 10%, roughen the surface
by scoring.
Exposed aggregate finish
Steel trowel to a smooth surface. After final set use
clean water and brushes to remove the surface film
of mortar until the aggregate is uniformly exposed
without cutting of the matrix.
Sponge finish
After screeding and finishing with a steel trowel
obtain an even textured sand finish by wiping the
surface using a damp sponge.
Pattern Paving
After machine floating, apply a proprietary treatment
producing an integral coloured and patterned
surface.
20.9 GRAVEL DRIVEWAYS
Location: Hardstand, driveways and paths as
shown on the drawings.
Material: Approved road gravel - Type 3.
Thickness: Minimum 100 mm after compaction.
Falls: Minimum 1:100.
Compaction: Compact and Proof Roll to achieve
a dry density ratio of 95% MMDD when tested to
AS 1289 5.4.1.
20.10 LOG BARRIERS
Provide log barrier bollards or fencing consisting of
timber posts and rails complete with connections.
Construct as shown in the standard drawing C(S)
1302.1.
For bollards turn the tops to a hemispherical shape.
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LANDSCAPE
21.
LANDSCAPE
21.1 GENERAL
Cross reference
Refer to the General requirements section for timber
durability.
21.2 MATERIALS AND COMPONENTS
Concrete
Standard: To AS 1379.
Topsoil
Standard: To AS 4419.
21.3 PREPARATION
Weed eradication
Eradicate weeds using a non-residual glyphosate
herbicide in any registered formulae, at the
recommended maximum rate.
Surplus spoil
Remove surplus spoil from site. Do not burn
vegetative material.
21.4 INSPECTION
Notice - Witness Point
Witness Point: Give sufficient notice so that
inspection may be made of the planting and garden
edging setout prior to excavation and advanced tree
and palm holes excavated.
21.5 SAMPLES
Requirement - Hold Point
Hold Point: Provide the following samples for
approval:
• 5 kg bag of topsoil and test documentation.
• 5 kg bag of mulch.
21.6 SUBSOIL
Ripping
General: If practable rip parallel to the final contours.
Do not rip when the subsoil is wet or plastic. Do not
rip within the dripline of trees to be retained.
Ripping depths: Rip the subsoil to the following
typical depths:
• Compacted subsoil: 300 mm.
• Heavily compacted clay subsoil: 450 mm.
Cultivation
Cultivate to a minimum depth of 100 mm. Do not
disturb services or tree roots; if necessary, cultivate
these areas by hand. During cultivation, thoroughly
mix in materials required to be incorporated into the
subsoil. Remove stones exceeding 25 mm, clods
of earth exceeding 50 mm, and weeds, rubbish or
other deleterious material brought to the surface
during cultivation. Trim the surface to the required
design levels after cultivation.
Additives
General: Apply additives after ripping or cultivation
and incorporate into the upper 100 mm layer of the
subsoil.
Gypsum: Incorporate at the rate of 0.25 kg/m2.
21.7 TOPSOIL
General
Provide sand based topsoil which is free from
unwanted matter and complying with AS 4419. Add
6 kg/m3 of “Terra Firma Organic Life” and thoroughly
combine.
Source
Obtain topsoil from an approved source and keep
records of soil delivery.
Placing topsoil
Spread the topsoil on the prepared subsoil and grade
evenly, making the necessary allowances so that
required finished levels and contours are achieved
after light compaction; and grassed areas may be
finished 20 mm below adjacent hard surfaces such
as kerbs, paths and mowing strips.
Consolidation
Compact lightly and uniformly in 150 mm
layers. Avoid differential subsidence and excess
compaction and produce a finished topsoil surface
which is finished to design levels; smooth and
free from stones or lumps of soil; graded to drain
freely, without ponding, to catchment points; graded
evenly into adjoining ground surfaces; and ready for
planting.
Topsoil depths
Spread topsoil to the following typical depths:
• Planting areas: 250 mm.
• Irrigated grassed areas generally: 150 mm.
• Grass areas: 100 mm.
21.8 TURFING
Turf
Obtain turf from a specialist grower of cultivated turf.
Provide turf of even thickness, free from weeds and
other foreign matter.
Supply
Deliver the turf within 24 hours of cutting, and lay it
within 36 hours of cutting. Prevent it from drying out
between cutting and laying.
Fertilising
Mix fertiliser thoroughly into the topsoil before
placing the turf.
Laying
Lay turf as follows:
• In “stretcher” pattern with the joints staggered
and close butted;
• Parallel with the long sides of level areas, and
with contours on slopes and;
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LANDSCAPE
• To finish flush, after tamping, with adjacent
finished surfaces of ground, paving edging, or
grass seeded areas.
Tamping
Lightly tamp to an even surface immediately after
laying. Do not use a roller.
Watering
Water immediately after laying until the topsoil is
moistened to its full depth.
21.9 GRASS SEEDING
Seed
Use seed mixtures which are thoroughly pre-mixed
with a bulking material such as safflower meal.
Deliver to the site in bags marked to show weight,
seed species and supplier’s name. Use fresh, clean
new seed. Do not use wet, mouldy, or otherwise
impaired seed.
Preparation
Prepare the areas to be sown. Spread the fertiliser
evenly over the cultivated bed not more than 48
hours before sowing, and rake lightly into the
surface. If a prepared area becomes compacted
from any cause before sowing can begin, rework
the ground surface before sowing.
Sowing
Sow the seed only in favourable conditions and
using a suitable mechanical spreader. Roll the seed
bed immediately after sowing.
Watering
Water the seeded area with a fine spray until the
topsoil is moistened to its full depth. Continue
watering until germination to keep the surface damp
and the topsoil moist but not waterlogged.
After germination: Water to maintain a healthy
condition, progressively hardened off to the natural
climatic conditions. Remove weeds that occur in
sown areas.
Germination
A dense continuous sward of healthy grass over the
whole of the seeded area. Reseed areas that do
not germinate within 1 month.
21.10 SPRAYGRASS (Hydroseeding)
Preparation
Cultivate insitu soil to a minimum of 100mm
and bring existing soil to a fine tilth 50mm below
finished levels. Remove all deleterious material.
Add “Tropigro-Clay-Breaker” to manufacturers
specifications. Spread 50mm topsoil and incorporate
additional “Terra Firma Organic Life” at 6kg/m3.
Application
Apply seed at 10g/m2 using:
30% Cynodon dactylon
35% Paspalum notatum pensicola
35% Paspalum notatum argentina
Apply to the area to be seeded a thoroughly mixed
slurry of seed, fertiliser, vegetative emulsion, mulch
and water, free of weed, seed or germination
inhibitors, using a purpose made mechanical mixer
and high pressure pumping equipment Use local
applicators experienced in this work and using
approved methods.
21.11 Mowing
Mow to maintain the grass height within the required
range of 40 to 80 mm. Carry out the last mowing not
more than seven days before the end the planting
establishment period. Remove grass clippings from
the site after each mowing.
21.12 PLANTING
Excavation
Excavate plant holes a minimum of twice the size of
the volume of the specified pot size.
Plants
General: Provide plants with the following
characteristics:
• Large healthy root systems, with no evidence of
root curl, restriction or damage;
• Vigorous, well established, free from disease and
pests, of good form consistent with the species or
variety and;
• Hardened off, not soft or forced, and suitable
for planting in the natural climatic conditions
prevailing at the site.
Trees: Provide trees which, unless required to be
multi-stemmed, have a single leading shoot.
Labelling
Label at least one plant of each species or variety in
a batch using a durable, readable tag.
Planting conditions
Carry out planting on the same day that plants are
delivered to the site.
Do not plant in unsuitable weather conditions such
as extreme heat, cold, wind or rain. In other than
sandy soils, suspend excavation when the soil is
wet, or during frost periods.
Backfilling
Backfill planting holes with imported blended
topsoil.
Watering
Thoroughly water plants before planting and
immediately after planting.
Fertiliser
Provide proprietary materials, delivered to site in
sealed bags marked to show manufacturer or vendor,
weight, fertiliser type, N:P:K ratio, recommended
uses and application rates.
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LANDSCAPE
Initial fertiliser at planting or sowing
Location
N:P:K Application
Ratio
Rate
Grassed
15.9-7-7 7.5 kg/ areas
Product
Mastergreen
100m2
All 20-10-10 Manufact. Monsoon
planted and traceRecomm.
Planting
trees: elements
Tablets
equally
spaced
around
root ball
All 12.5-3.3- Manufact.
Monsoon
planted 6.5
Recomm.
Planting and
trees: Feeding Mix
under
mulch Ground 13-5.6-
100 gms/
Osmocote Plus
cover and
8 - 9 months
10.8
m 2
shrubs
All trees 300 gms
and palms each hole
DPM Nuetrog
in base of
hole
Fertiliser during establishment period
Location & N:P:K
Applic. Product
Time
Ratio
Rate
equivalent
For Grassed Areas
In Nov. or 10.3-9
7.5kgs/ Tropigro
when directed
-7+11(s)
100 m2
10-97
In March or 34%N
4 kgs/
Agran 34
when directed
100 m 2
For planting: Week 10
of the establishment period
All trees: 12.5-3.3-
Manuf.
Monsoon
under mulch
6.5
Recomm.Planting & Feeding
Mix
All trees:
Manuf.
DPM
under mulch
Recomm.Nuetrog
Ground
13-5.6-
100 gms Monsoon
Cover & shrubs
10.8
per m2
Planting &
Feeding Mix
Ground
100 gms DPM
cover & shrubs
per m2
Nuetrog
For Planting: Week 40 of the
establishment period
All trees: 13-5.6- Manuf.
Osmocote
under mulch
10.8
Recomm.
plus 8-9 months
All trees: under mulch
Manuf.
Recomm.
DPM
Nuetrog
Ground
cover & shrubs
200 gms
per m2
DPM
Nuetrog
Ground
13-5.6- 200 gms
cover & shrubs
10.8
per m2
Osmocote
Plus 8-9 months
21.13 MULCHING
Mulch
General: Provide mulch which is free of deleterious
and extraneous matter such as stones, soil, weeds
and sticks.
Application: Place mulch clear of plant stems, and
rake to an even surface flush with the surrounding
finished levels.
Depth: 75 mm.
Mulch Types
Hay: Cut from seasonal grasses and free from
noxious weeds etc.
Laterite gravel: Uniform colour and size or graded
from 5 to 25 mm.
Brush Chippings: Approved “Forest Blend” vegetative
material processed to pieces not larger than 75 x 50
x 15 mm and aged from 6 to 12 weeks.
Washed River Pebble: Uniform size or graded from
10 to 25 mm.
21.14 STAKES AND TIES
Stakes
Material: Hardwood, straight, free from knots or
twists, pointed at one end.
Installation: Drive stakes into the ground at least
one third of their length, avoiding damage to the
root system. Remove those no longer required at
the end of the establishment period.
Stake sizes:
• For plants 1 to 2.5 m high: Two 50 x 50 x 1800 mm
stakes per plant.
• For plants smaller than 1 m high: One 38 x 38 x
1200 mm stake per plant.
Ties
General: Provide ties fixed securely to the stakes,
one tie at half the height of the main stem, others as
necessary to stabilise the plant. Attach ties loosely.
Webbing: Provide 50 mm hessian webbing stapled
to the stake.
1.15 GARDEN EDGING
Spade Edging
Location: To edges between garden beds and
around tree planting in areas of lawn.
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LANDSCAPE
Requirement: Form a spade cut edge to a minimum
depth of 150 mm below the adjacent surface levels.
Align adjacent spade cuts to achieve smooth curves
and/or straight lines as required. Remove all grass
or weeds from the spade cut and maintain the edge
free from grass and weed growth.
Concrete Edging
Location: To garden edges against lawns and areas
not planted.
Edging Strip: N20 in situ concrete 175 mm wide x 90
mm high. Place in position on a cleared compacted
base with a forming machine to the layout shown on
the drawings or as directed.
Finish with a profiled steel trowel and tool in control
joints at a maximum 2.5 m centres.
Profile: Rounded or splayed top.
21.16 IRRIGATION
Standard: To AS/NZS 3500.1.
Cross references
Refer to the following section:
• Site preparation: for excavating trenches.
Inspection - Witness Point
Witness Point: Give sufficient notice so that
inspection may be made of work ready for testing.
Hydrostatic tests - Hold Point
Hold Point: Fill the pipework with water and test at
the required pressure and duration.
Contractors design plans - Hold Point
Hold Point: Submit drawings indicating design
proposals showing all pipework, sprinklers, tanks,
valves and control systems for approval.
Work-as-executed drawings
Submit drawings showing the “as installed” locations
of all pipework, fittings, sprinklers, control valves
and accessories. Show the depth of underground
pipework. Show location of all controllers and
automatic control wiring, indicate colours used for
individual valves.
Connection
Connect the cold water supply system to the supply
authority’s main through a stop valve and meter.
Carry out the excavation necessary to locate and
expose the connection point. On completion reinstate
surfaces and elements which have been disturbed
such as roads, pavements, kerbs, footpaths and
nature strips.
Excavation and installation
Requirement: Excavate to the lines, levels and
grades as required for irrigation trenches. Trench
depths and widths as required by AS/NZS 3500.1.
Obstructions: Cut back roots encountered in trenches
to not less than 600 mm clear of the pipework.
Remove such other obstructions including stumps,
boulders and the like which may, in the opinion of
the Superintendent, interfere with the pipework.
Installation
Generally: Install pipework in straight lines and
uniform grades. Provide unions, flanges and
isolating valves for the satisfactory removal of
piping and fittings for maintenance or replacement
of plant. Arrange and support pipework so that
it remains free from vibration whilst permitting
necessary movements such as thermal expansion
and contraction. Keep the number of joints to a
minimum.
Accessibility
Location: Locate fittings requiring maintenance or
servicing, including control valves, joints designed to
enable removal of pipes, and the like, in accessible
positions, with adequate clearance. Arrange the
pipework so that it does not interfere with the removal
or servicing of associated equipment or valves.
Description of irrigation system
Use a fixed location type with automatically or
manually operated sprinklers, sprays, microsprays
and drippers.
Performance of irrigation system
Coverage (mm of water over area to be watered):
50 to 60mm per week during the establishment
period and then progressively hardening off to local
conditions.
Ensure that final water usage is such that plant
health and vigour is maintained without wastage of
water.
Backflow
Fit a backflow prevention device to AS/NZS 3500.1
and as required to meet the approval of the PAWA.
Automatic controls
Use electric solenoid valves wired to an irrigation
controller.
Irrigation controller: Mount the controller in a
weatherproof lockable cabinet. Include the following
features:
• Variable timer for each station with a range from
1 minute to not less than 30 minutes.
• Manual cycle and individual station operation.
• Manual on-off operation of irrigation without loss
of program.
• 240 V input and 24 V output capable of operating
2 control valves simultaneously.
• 24 hour battery program backup.
Micro irrigation system
Polyethylene irrigation pipe: To AS 2698.1
Class IRRIG with barbed fittings of similar pressure
rating fastened with ratchet type clamps. Lay pipe
on finished ground surface under planting bed
mulch and anchor at minimum 1.5 m intervals with
U-shaped stakes. Connect micro-tube laterals with
proprietary push in or screw in fittings.
Microsprays: Mount microsprays on stakes 300 mm
above ground and connect to the pipework with
microtubes.
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LANDSCAPE
Drippers: Use drippers which are turbulent flow
types, easily dismantled for cleaning. Connect
directly into the pipework or with microtubes.
Micro irrigation valve box: Use micro irrigation valve
boxes which are of high impact plastic with snap
lock covers at finished ground level, each housing a
stop cock, filter (200 mm for microsprays, 100 mm
for drippers), pressure reducing valve (170 kPa
outlet pressure) and automatic control valve. Use
vandal resistant controls in public areas.
Irrigation Schedule
Location
Item
Requirement
At points
External Type
shown on
hose cocks
drawings
Size
To AS/NZS
3500
20mm
As on Sprinkler Type
approved
design plan
As on Automatic Type
approved valve
Size
design plan
Gear driven
Solenoid
operated
maximum
pressure loss 20 kPa
As shown Quick
Type
on drawings
coupling Size
Polypropylene
25mm
valve
As required to achieve uniform
coverage
No moving parts
Micro-
sprays
Type
At each Drippers Type
plant
At each Bubblers Type
plant
Turbulent flow
Adjustable from 0 10 litres per minute
Materials:
Pipework upstream of control valves: Use uPVC
class 12.
Pipework downstream of control valves: Use uPVC
class 9 or 25 mm diameter polyethylene.
21.17 COMPLETION
Maintenance Manual
Provide a maintenance manual which includes
notes and specifications of all landscape and
irrigation work and recommendations for ongoing
maintenance work.
Plant Establishment
Maintain the planted areas for a minimum of
13 weeks from the time of practical completion.
Replace damaged, stolen or vandalised stock as
required. For all other work including irrigation and
hardworks, the contractual defects liability period
applies.
STANDARD SPECIFICATION - BUILDINGS
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REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
AS 1074
1989
AS 1111.1
2000
AS 1163
1991
AS/NZS 1170.02002
AS/NZS 1170.22002
AS 1214
1983
AS/NZS 1221 1997
AS 1231
2000
AS 1288
2006
AS 1289.5.4.1 2007
AS 1289.5.1.1 2003
AS 1324.1
2001
AS/NZS 1328.11998
AS 1366
AS 1366.3
1992
AS 1366.4
1989
AS/NZS 1367 2007
AS 1379
2007
AS 1397
2001
AS 1417
AS 1417.1
1987
AS 1417.2
1991
AS 1428.1
2001
AS 1432
2004
AS/NZS 1477 2006
AS/NZS 1546.1 2008
AS/NZS 1546.2 2008
AS/NZS 1546.3 2008
AS/NZS 1547 2000
AS/NZS 1554.12004
AS 1562
AS 1562.1
1992
AS 1562.3
2006
AS/NZS 1596 2008
AS 1604
AS 1604.1
2005
AS 1627
AS 1627.2
2002
AS 1627.4
2005
AS 1627.9
2002
AS 1668
AS 1668.2
2002
AS 1670.6
1997
AS 1672
Steel tubes & tubulars for ordinary services
ISO metric hexagon bolts & screws – Product Grade C – Bolts
Structural steel hollow sections
Structural design actions - General principles.
Structural design actions - Wind actions.
Hot-dip galvanized coatings on threaded fasteners (ISO metric coarse thread series)
Fire hose reels
Aluminium and aluminium alloys - Anodic oxidation coatings
Glass in buildings - Selection and installation
Methods of testing soils for engineering purposes - Soil compaction & density tests – Compaction control test – Dry density ratio, moisture variation and moisture ratio
Methods of testing soils for engineering purposes - Soil compaction and density
tests - Determination of the dry density - moisture content relation of a soil using
standard compaction effort.
Air filters for use in general ventilation and air conditioning - Application, performance and construction
Glued laminated structural timber - Performance requirements and minimum production requirements
Rigid cellular plastics sheets for thermal insulation
Rigid cellular polystyrene - Moulded (RC/PS-M)
Rigid cellular polystyrene - Extruded (RC/PS-E)
Coaxial cable and optical fibre systems for the RF distribution of analog and digital television and sound signals in single and multiple dwelling installations
Specification and supply of concrete
Steel sheet and strip - Hot-dipped zinc-coated or aluminium/zinc-coated
Receiving antennas for radio and television in the frequency range 30 MHz to 1 Ghz
Construction and installation
Performance
Design for access and mobility – General requirements for access – New Building work
Copper tubes for plumbing, gas fitting & drainage applications
PVC pipes & fittings for pressure applications
On site domestic waste water treatment units - Septic tanks
On site domestic waste water treatment units - Waterless composting toilets
On site domestic waste water treatment units - Aerated waste water treatment systems
On site domestic waste water management
Structural steel welding - Welding of steel structures
Design and installation of sheet roof and wall cladding
Metal
Plastic
The storage & handling of LP Gas
Specification for Preservative Treatment
Sawn & round timber
Metal finishing - Preparation and pretreatment of surfaces – Method selection guide
Power Tool Cleaning
Abrasive blast cleaning of steel
Metal finishing - Preparation and pre treatment of surfaces - Pictorial surface preparation standards for painting steel surfaces
The use of mechanical ventilation and air-conditioning in buildings
Mechanical ventilation for acceptable indoor-air quality
Fire detection, warning, control and intercom systems, system design, installation and commissioning – Smoke alarms
Limes and limestones
STANDARD SPECIFICATION - BUILDINGS
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REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
AS 1672.1
1997
AS/NZS 1677.21998
AS 1684.1
1999
AS 1684.2
2006
AS 1684.3
2006
AS 1691
1985
AS 1720.1
1997
AS 1789
2003
AS/NZS 1841.12007
AS/NZS 1859
AS/NZS 1859.12004
AS/NZS 1859.22004
AS/NZS 1859.32005
AS/NZS 1859.42004
AS/NZS 1866 1997
AS/NZS 1873.42003
AS 2032
2006
AS 2047
1999
AS 2150
2005
AS 2159
1995
AS/NZS 2201.12007
AS/NZS 2208 1996
AS/NZS 2269.02008
AS/NZS 2270 2006
AS/NZS 2271 2004
AS 2293.1
2005
AS/NZS 2311 2000
AS/NZS 2312 2002
AS 2329
1999
AS 2358
1990
AS 2423
2002
AS 2441
2005
AS 2444
2001
AS/NZS 2455.12007
AS/NZS 2588 1998
AS/NZS 2589 2007
AS 2601
2001
AS/NZS 2642.21994
AS/NZS 2699.22000
AS 2712
2007
AS/NZS 2728 2007
AS/NZS 2785 2000
AS 2796.1
1999
AS 2796.2
2006
AS 2870
1996
AS/NZS 2904 1995
AS/NZS 2908.12000
AS/NZS 2908.22000
AS 2913
2000
AS/NZS 2918 2001
AS/NZS 2924.11998
AS/NZS 3000 2007
Limes for building
Refrigerating systems - Safety requirements for fixed applications
Residential Timber framed construction – Design criteria
Non-cyclonic areas
Cyclonic areas
Domestic oil-fired appliances - Installation
Timber structures - design methods
Electroplated zinc (electrogalvanized) coatings on ferrous articles (batch process)
Portable fire extinguishers - General requirements
Reconstituted wood-based panels – Specifications
Particleboard
Dry – Processed fibreboard
Decorative overlaid wood panels
Wet – Processed fibreboard
Aluminium & aluminium alloys - Extruded rod, bar, solid & hollow shapes
Powder - actuated (PA) hand held fastening tools - Fasteners
Code of Practice for installation of UPVC pipe systems
Windows in buildings – Selection & installation
Hot mix asphalt - A guide to good practice
Piling - Design and installation
Intruder alarm systems - Client’s premises - Design, installation, commissioning and maintenance
Safety glazing materials in buildings
Plywood - Structural - Specifications
Plywood and blockboard for interior use
Plywood and blockboard for exterior use
Emergency escape lighting and exit signs for buildings - System design, installation and operation
Guide to the painting of buildings
Guide to the protection of structural steel against atmospheric corrosion by the use of protective coatings
Mastic adhesives for fixing wallboards
Adhesives - For fixing ceramic tiles
Galvanized wire fencing products
Installation of fire hose reels
Portable fire extinguishers and blankets – Selection and location
Textile floor coverings - Installation practice - General
Gypsum plasterboard
Gypsum linings - Application and finishing
The demolition of structures
Polybutylene pipe systems – Polybutlene (PB) pipe for hot & cold water applications
Built-in components for masonry construction - Connectors and accessories
Solar water heaters - Design and construction
Prefinishes/prepainted sheet metal products for interior/exterior building applications-Performance requirements
Suspended ceilings - Design and installation
Timber - Hardwood - Sawn and milled products – Product specification
Timber - Hardwood - Sawn and Milled products – Grade Description
Residential slabs and footings - Construction
Damp-proof courses and flashings
Cellulose-cement products - Corrugated sheets
Flat sheets
Evaporative air-conditioning equipment
Domestic solid fuel burning appliances - Installation
High Pressure Decorative Laminates – Classification and Specifications
Electrical installations - (known as the Australian/New Zealand wiring rules)
STANDARD SPECIFICATION - BUILDINGS
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REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
AS 3006
1982
AS/NZS 3008.1.1 1998
AS 3439.1
2002
AS 3439.3
2002
AS/NZS 3500
AS/NZS 3500.1 2003
AS/NZS 3500.2 2003
AS/NZS 3500.3 2003
AS/NZS 3500.4 2003
AS/NZS 3500.5 2000
AS/NZS 3504 2006
AS 3566
AS 3566.1
2002
AS 3566.2
2002
AS 3600
2001
AS 3610
1995
AS 3623
1993
AS 3660.1
2000
AS/NZS 3666.12002
AS/NZS 3678 1996
AS/NZS 3679.11996
AS 3700
2001
AS 3715
2002
AS 3740
2004
AS 3786
1993
AS/NZS 3823
AS/NZS 3823.1.1 1998 AS/NZS 3823.1.2 2001
AS 3958
AS 3958.1
2007
AS 3958.2
1992
AS 3959
1999
AS 3972
1997
AS 3999
1992
AS 4055
2006
AS 4100
1998
AS/NZS 4200
AS/NZS 4200.11994
AS/NZS 4200.21994
AS/NZS 4253 1994
AS 4254
2002
AS 4256
AS 4256.3
2006
AS 4256.4
2006
AS 4256.5
2006
AS/NZS 4389 1996
AS 4419 2003
AS 4440
2004
AS/NZS 4455.12008
Adequate electrical installations in domestic premises
Electrical installations - Selection of cables - Cables for alternating voltages up to and including 0.6/1 kV
Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear assemblies - Type-tested and partially type-
tested assemblies
Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear assemblies intended to be installed in places where unskilled persons have access for their use - Distribution boards
National Plumbing and Drainage Code
Water supply – Acceptable solutions
Sanitary plumbing and sanitary drainage - Acceptable solutions
Stormwater drainage – Acceptable solutions
Hot water supply systems – Acceptable solutions
Domestic installations
Fire blankets
Self drilling screws for the building and construction industries
General requirements and mechanical properties
Corrosion resistance properties
Concrete structures
Formwork for concrete
Domestic metal framing
Termite management – New building work
Air-handling and water systems of buildings - Microbal control - Design, installation and commissioning
Structural steel - hot rolled plates, floorplates and slabs
Structural steel - hot rolled bars and sections
Masonry in buildings
Metal finishing - Thermoset powder coating for architectural applications of aluminium and aluminium alloys
Waterproofing of wet areas within residential buildings
Smoke alarms
Performance of household electrical appliances – Air conditioners and heat pumps
Non ducted air conditioners and heat pumps – Testing and rating for performance
Ducted air conditioners and air to air heat pumps – Testing and rating for performanced
Ceramic tiles
Guide to the installation of ceramic tiles
Guide to the selection of a ceramic tiling system
Construction of buildings in bushfire prone areas
Portland and blended cements
Thermal insulation of dwellings - Bulk insulation - Installation requirements
Windloads for housing
Steel structures
Pliable building materials and underlays
Materials
Installation requirements
Mailboxes
Ductwork for air handling systems in buildings
Plastic roof and wall cladding materials
Glass fibre reinforced polyester (GRP)
Unplasticized polyvinyl chloride (uPVC) wall cladding boards
Polycarbonate
Safety Mesh
Soils for landscaping & garden use
Installation of nail plated timber trusses
Masonry units, pavers, flags and segmental retaining wall units - Masonry units
STANDARD SPECIFICATION - BUILDINGS
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REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
AS/NZS 4455.32008
AS 4506
2005
AS 4552
2005
AS 4553
2000
AS/NZS 4600 2005
AS/NZS 4671 2001
AS/NZS 4680 2006
AS/NZS 4692.1 2005
AS/NZS 4692.2 2005
AS 4750
2003
AS/NZS 4782.2 2004
AS/NZS 4783.22002
AS/NZS 4792 2006
AS/NZS 4858 2004
AS/NZS 4859.12002
AS 5039
2008
AS 5040
2003
AS 5601
2004
AS 5604
2005
AS 6002
1999
AS 6669
2007
AS/NZS 60598.1 2003
AS 60947.1
2004
AS 60947.2
2005
SAA MP52
2005
AS/ACIF S008 2006
AS/ACIF S009 2006
SAA HB 40.1 2001
SA HB 40.2
2001
SA HB 161
2005
SA HB 301
2001
AS/NZS
ISO/IEC 15018 2005
Masonry units, pavers, flags and segmental retaining wall units - Segmental retaining wall units
Metal finishing - Thermoset powder coatings
Gas fired water heaters for hotwater supply and/or central heating
Gas space heating appliances
Cold-formed steel structures
Steel reinforcing materials
Hot Dip galvanized (zinc) coatings on fabricated ferrous articles
Electric water heaters - Energy consumption, performance and general requirements
Electrical water heaters - Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) requirements and energy labelling
Electrogalvanizing (zinc) coatings on ferrous hollow open sections
Double-capped fluorescent lamps - Performance specifications - Minimum energy performance standard (MEPS)
Performance of electrical lighting equipment - Ballasts for fluorescent lamps - Energy labelling and minimum energy performance standards requirements
Hot Dip galvanized (Zinc) coatings on ferrous hollow sections applied by a continous or specialised process
Wet area membranes
Materials for the thermal insulation of buildings - General criteria and technical provisions
Security screen doors and security window grilles
Installation of security screen doors and window grilles
Gas installations
Timber - Natural durability ratings
Domestic electric meter enclosures
Plywood - Formwork
Luminaries - General requirements and tests
Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear – General Rules
Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear - Circuit breakers
Manual of authorization procedures for plumbing and drainage products
Requirements for Authorised Cabling Products
Installation Requirements for Customer Cabling (Wiring Rules)
The Australian refrigeration and airconditioning code of good practice - Reduction of emissions of flurocarbon refrigerants - Commercial and industrial
The Australian refrigeration and airconditioning code of good practice - Reduction of emissions of flurocarbons in residential airconditioning applications
Guide to plastering
Electrical installations - Designing to the wiring rules
Information technology - General cabling for homes
AUSTRALIAN PAINT APPROVAL SCHEME (APAS) SPECIFICATION NUMBERS
0014/1 One pack organic binder zinc rich pre-construction primer
0015/1 Full gloss alkyd enamel for interior and exterior use (buildings)
0015/3 Semi gloss interior enamel (buildings)
0016/1 Solvent borne undercoat for exterior and interior use (buildings)
0032 Metal primer – lead and chromate free (buildings)
0035/3 Two pack etch primer, chromate free
0114 One pack interior varnish (general purpose)
0115 Lightly pigmented solvent borne ranch finish for exterior timber
0117/4 Long life texture coating for exterior concrete and masonry - High build, high profile
0134 Latex primer for galvanised steel and zincalume (buildings)
0162/1 Zinc phosphate metal primer
STANDARD SPECIFICATION - BUILDINGS
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REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
0163/1 Exterior latex undercoat (buildings)
0163/2 Interior latex undercoat (buildings)
0171 Solvent borne sealer for concrete and masonry (buildings)
0172 Latex sealer for wallboards (buildings)
0181 Solvent borne wood primer (buildings)
0200/1 One pack semi gloss pigmented solvent borne paving paint for concrete
0200/2 One pack full gloss pigmented solvent borne paving paint for concrete
0205 One pack clear moisture cured finish for timber
0206 Two pack clear finish for timber
0208 One pack clear solvent borne finish for concrete
0260/1 Interior gloss latex paint (buildings)
0260/2 Semi gloss interior latex paint in MCR (buildings)
0260/3 Low gloss interior latex paint in MCR (buildings)
0260/4 Washable flat finish for interior use (buildings)
0260/5 Ceiling paint – interior flat (buildings)
0280/1 Gloss exterior latex paint in MCR (buildings)
0280/2 Semi gloss latex paint, exterior (buildings)
0280/3 Flat or low gloss exterior latex finish in MCR (buildings)
0280/4 Heavily pigmented gloss latex ranch finish for exterior timber
0280/5 Heavily pigmented low gloss latex ranch finish for exterior timber
2908 Inorganic zinc coating for protection of steel
2916 Organic zinc rich coating for protection of steel
2971 Epoxy 2-pack durable primer for protection of steel in atmosphere
2972 Low build epoxy 2-pack coating for the long term protection of steel in atmosphere
NOTES
STANDARD SPECIFICATION - BUILDINGS
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