Yamaha YS624T Specifications

SPECIAL MESSAGE SECTION
This product utilizes batteries or an external power supply
(adapter). DO NOT connect this product to any power supply or adapter other than one described in the manual, on
the name plate, or specifically recommended by Yamaha.
This product should be used only with the components
supplied or; a cart, rack, or stand that is recommended by
Yamaha. If a cart, etc., is used, please observe all safety
markings and instructions that accompany the accessory
product.
SPECIFICATIONS SUBJECT TO CHANGE:
The information contained in this manual is believed to be
correct at the time of printing. However, Yamaha reserves
the right to change or modify any of the specifications without notice or obligation to update existing units.
This product, either alone or in combination with an amplifier and headphones or speaker/s, may be capable of producing sound levels that could cause permanent hearing
loss. DO NOT operate for long periods of time at a high
volume level or at a level that is uncomfortable. If you experience any hearing loss or ringing in the ears, you should
consult an audiologist.
IMPORTANT: The louder the sound, the shorter the time
period before damage occurs.
NOTICE:
Service charges incurred due to a lack of knowledge relating to how a function or effect works (when the unit is operating as designed) are not covered by the manufacturer’s
warranty, and are therefore the owners responsibility.
Please study this manual carefully and consult your dealer
before requesting service.
This product may also use “household” type batteries.
Some of these may be rechargeable. Make sure that the
battery being charged is a rechargeable type and that the
charger is intended for the battery being charged.
When installing batteries, do not mix batteries with new, or
with batteries of a different type. Batteries MUST be installed correctly. Mismatches or incorrect installation may
result in overheating and battery case rupture.
Warning:
Do not attempt to disassemble, or incinerate any battery.
Keep all batteries away from children. Dispose of used
batteries promptly and as regulated by the laws in your
area. Note: Check with any retailer of household type batteries in your area for battery disposal information.
Disposal Notice:
Should this product become damaged beyond repair, or for
some reason its useful life is considered to be at an end,
please observe all local, state, and federal regulations that
relate to the disposal of products that contain lead, batteries, plastics, etc. If your dealer is unable to assist you,
please contact Yamaha directly.
NAME PLATE LOCATION:
The name plate is located on the bottom of the product.
The model number, serial number, power requirements,
etc., are located on this plate. You should record the model
number, serial number, and the date of purchase in the
spaces provided below and retain this manual as a permanent record of your purchase.
Model
ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES:
Yamaha strives to produce products that are both user safe
and environmentally friendly. We sincerely believe that our
products and the production methods used to produce
them, meet these goals. In keeping with both the letter and
the spirit of the law, we want you to be aware of the following:
Serial No.
Purchase Date
Battery Notice:
This product MAY contain a small non-rechargeable battery
which (if applicable) is soldered in place. The average life
span of this type of battery is approximately five years.
When replacement becomes necessary, contact a qualified
service representative to perform the replacement.
92-BP (bottom)
2
PLEASE KEEP THIS MANUAL
PRECAUTIONS
PLEASE READ CAREFULLY BEFORE PROCEEDING
* Please keep these precautions in a safe place for future reference.
WARNING
Always follow the basic precautions listed below to avoid the possibility of serious injury or even death from electrical shock,
short-circuiting, damages, fire or other hazards. These precautions include, but are not limited to, the following:
• Do not open the instrument or attempt to disassemble the internal parts or
modify them in any way. The instrument contains no user-serviceable parts.
If it should appear to be malfunctioning, discontinue use immediately and
have it inspected by qualified Yamaha service personnel.
• Do not expose the instrument to rain, use it near water or in damp or wet
conditions, or place containers on it containing liquids which might spill into
any openings.
• If the AC adaptor cord or plug becomes frayed or damaged, or if there is a
sudden loss of sound during use of the instrument, or if any unusual smells or
smoke should appear to be caused by it, immediately turn off the power
switch, disconnect the adaptor plug from the outlet, and have the instrument
inspected by qualified Yamaha service personnel.
• Use the specified adaptor (PA-6 or an equivalent recommended by Yamaha)
only. Using the wrong adaptor can result in damage to the instrument or
overheating.
• Before cleaning the instrument, always remove the electric plug from the
outlet. Never insert or remove an electric plug with wet hands.
• Check the electric plug periodically and remove any dirt or dust which may
have accumulated on it.
CAUTION
Always follow the basic precautions listed below to avoid the possibility of physical injury to you or others, or damage to the
instrument or other property. These precautions include, but are not limited to, the following:
• Do not place the AC adaptor cord near heat sources such as heaters or
radiators, and do not excessively bend or otherwise damage the cord, place
heavy objects on it, or place it in a position where anyone could walk on, trip
over, or roll anything over it.
• When removing the electric plug from the instrument or an outlet, always
hold the plug itself and not the cord.
• Do not connect the instrument to an electrical outlet using a multipleconnector. Doing so can result in lower sound quality, or possibly cause
overheating in the outlet.
• Unplug the AC power adaptor when not using the instrument, or during
electrical storms.
• Always make sure all batteries are inserted in conformity with the +/- polarity
markings. Failure to do so might result in overheating, fire, or battery fluid
leakage.
• Always replace all batteries at the same time. Do not use new batteries
together with old ones. Also, do not mix battery types, such as alkaline
batteries with manganese batteries, or batteries from different makers, or
different types of batteries from the same maker, since this can cause
overheating, fire, or battery fluid leakage.
• Do not dispose of batteries in fire.
• Do not attempt to recharge batteries that are not intended to be charged.
• If the instrument is not to be in use for a long time, remove the batteries from
it, in order to prevent possible fluid leakage from the battery.
• Keep batteries away from children.
• Before connecting the instrument to other electronic components, turn off
the power for all components. Before turning the power on or off for all
components, set all volume levels to minimum. Also, be sure to set the
volumes of all components at their minimum levels and gradually raise the
volume controls while playing the instrument to set the desired listening
level.
• Do not expose the instrument to excessive dust or vibrations, or extreme
cold or heat (such as in direct sunlight, near a heater, or in a car during the
day) to prevent the possibility of panel disfiguration or damage to the internal
components.
1
(4)-4
• Do not use the instrument near other electrical products such as televisions,
radios, or speakers, since this might cause interference which can affect proper
operation of the other products.
• Do not place the instrument in an unstable position where it might accidentally
fall over.
• Before moving the instrument, remove all connected adaptor and other cables.
• When cleaning the instrument, use a soft, dry cloth. Do not use paint thinners,
solvents, cleaning fluids, or chemical-impregnated wiping cloths. Also, do
not place vinyl, plastic or rubber objects on the instrument, since this might
discolor the panel or keyboard.
• Do not rest your weight on, or place heavy objects on the instrument, and
do not use excessive force on the buttons, switches or connectors.
• Use only the stand/rack specified for the instrument. When attaching the
stand or rack, use the provided screws only. Failure to do so could cause
damage to the internal components or result in the instrument falling over.
• Do not place objects in front of the instrument's air vent, since this may
prevent adequate ventilation of the internal components, and possibly result
in the instrument overheating.
• Do not operate the instrument for a long period of time at a high or
uncomfortable volume level, since this can cause permanent hearing loss. If
you experience any hearing loss or ringing in the ears, consult a physician.
■SAVING USER DATA
• Always save data to a floppy disk frequently, in order to help prevent the
loss of important data due to a malfunction or user operating error.
Yamaha cannot be held responsible for damage caused by improper use or
modifications to the instrument, or data that is lost or destroyed.
Always turn the power off when the instrument is not in use.
Make sure to discard used batteries according to local regulations.
3
Congratulations!
You are the proud owner of a fine electronic keyboard. The Yamaha PSR-540
PortaTone combines the most advanced tone generation technology with state-of-theart digital electronics and features to give you stunning sound quality with maximum
musical enjoyment. A large graphic display and easy-to-use interface also greatly
enhance the operability of this advanced instrument. In order to make the most of your
PortaTone’s features and extensive performance potential, we urge you to read the
manual thoroughly while trying out the various features described. Keep the manual in
a safe place for later reference.
Packing List
Please check that these items have been packed with your PSR-540.
• PSR-540
• Music Stand (page 14)
• Sample Disk
• Owner’s Manual
4
2
How to use the manual
Setting Up
Important Features
Basic Operation
Contents
Panel Controls
Panel Display Indications
Function Tree
Appendix
Troubleshooting
Index
page 12
Before going on to any other part of the manual, we strongly suggest
you read this section first. It shows you how to get started playing and
using your new PSR-540.
page 8
Once you’ve set up the PSR-540, you should read through this section
— and explore the relevant page references — to familiarize yourself
with the enormous variety of features and functions of the PSR-540.
page 17
This section introduces you to the basic operating conventions of the
PSR-540, such as editing values and changing settings, and shows
you how to use the convenient Help and Direct Access functions.
page 6
All topics, features, functions and operations are listed here in the
order they appear in the manual, for easy reference.
page 10
Use this section to find out about all of the buttons and controls of the
PSR-540.
page 16
This section explains the display indications of the PSR-540 and how
to read them for optimum operation.
page 22
This lists all functions of the PSR-540 according to their hierarchical
structure, letting you easily see the relationship of the various functions and quickly locate desired information.
page 131
This contains various important lists such as the Voice list, Preset
Style list, Effect list, MIDI data format and MIDI implementation chart.
page 134
If the PSR-540 does not function as expected or you have some
problem with the sound or operation, consult this section before calling
your Yamaha dealer or service center. Most common problems and
their solutions are covered here in a very simple and easy-to-understand way.
page 152
This section alphabetically lists virtually all topics, features, functions
and operations with their respective page numbers, letting you quickly
and easily find the information you need.
The illustrations and LCD screens as shown in this owner’s manual are for instructional purposes only, and may be different from your instrument.
3
5
Contents
Packing List
How to use the manual
Important Features
4
5
8
Panel logos ................................................... 9
Panel Controls and Terminals
12
Power supply connections .....................................
Connecting a footswitch .........................................
Audio equipment connections ................................
Connecting external MIDI devices .........................
Music stand ................................................
Demo Song Playback
Selecting a Voice ...................................................
Playing Two Voices (R1, R2) Simultaneously .........
Playing Different Voices with
the Left (L) and Right (R1, R2) Hands .............
Functions of the Keyboard .....................................
Transpose ..............................................................
Pitch Bend Wheel ..................................................
Sustain ...................................................................
Keyboard Percussion .............................................
12
13
13
14
14
Auto Accompaniment
Using Auto Accompaniment (rhythm track only) ....
Using Auto Accompaniment (all tracks) .................
Accompaniment Sections ......................................
Tempo/Tap .............................................................
Accompaniment Track Muting ................................
Accompaniment Volume Control ............................
Chord Fingerings ...................................................
Accompaniment Split Point ....................................
Synchro Stop .........................................................
One Touch Setting .................................................
Panel Display Indications
16
Basic Operation
17
Function Tree
Style Mode .............................................................
Song Mode ............................................................
Record Mode .........................................................
Disk Mode ..............................................................
28
29
30
30
30
31
32
32
33
34
36
37
37
38
40
41
42
Playing the Multi Pads ...........................................
Chord Match ..........................................................
Selecting a Multi Pad Bank ....................................
Turning Chord Match On/Off ..................................
Multi Pad Bank List .....................................
43
43
43
44
44
45
17
18
19
20
21
21
Digital Effects
Reverb ...................................................................
Chorus ...................................................................
DSP .......................................................................
System Effects and Insertion Effects .....................
Harmony/Echo .......................................................
46
46
48
49
50
50
22
Direct Access Chart ................................... 24
Mode
26
27
15
The Multi Pads
Calling up the Operation Displays ..........................
How to Read the Menu/Message Display and
“Easy Navigator” ...............................................
Menu Selection ......................................................
Changing (Editing) Values .....................................
Naming ..................................................................
Direct Access .........................................................
26
10
Top Panel Controls ..................................... 11
Rear Panel Controls ................................... 11
Setting Up
Playing Voices
25
25
25
25
25
Registration Memory
Registering the Panel Settings ..............................
Recalling the Registered Panel Settings ...............
Selecting a Registration Bank ................................
Naming the Registration Banks .............................
Disk Operations
Using the Floppy Disk Drive (FDD) and
Floppy Disks .........................................
Sample Disk ...........................................................
Format ...................................................................
Save .......................................................................
Load .......................................................................
Song Copy .............................................................
Delete ....................................................................
54
55
55
56
56
57
58
59
60
60
62
64
67
6
4
Contents
Disk Song Playback
68
Song Playback .......................................................
Song Track Muting .................................................
Song Volume Control .............................................
Playing from a Specified Measure .........................
Repeat Play ...........................................................
Song Transpose .....................................................
Part Settings
68
70
70
71
72
73
74
Other Functions (Utility)
Metronome ...........................................................
Part Octave ..........................................................
Master Tuning ......................................................
Scale Tuning ........................................................
Split Point .............................................................
Touch Sensitivity ..................................................
Voice Set ..............................................................
Footswitch ............................................................
Pitch Bend Range ................................................
118
118
119
119
119
119
120
120
121
122
Voice Change ........................................................ 75
Mixer ...................................................................... 76
Parameter Edit ....................................................... 77
Song Recording
78
Quick Recording ....................................................
Multi Track Recording ............................................
Re-recording — Punch In/Out and Start Measure .
Quantize ................................................................
Editing Setup Data .................................................
Naming User Songs ...............................................
Clearing User Song Data .......................................
Multi Pad Recording
92
Multi Pad Recording ...............................................
Chord Match ..........................................................
Naming User Pads .................................................
Clearing User Pad Data .........................................
Style Recording
80
82
84
86
88
90
91
92
94
94
95
96
Appendix
Voice List .............................................................
Panel Voice List ........................................
XG Voice List ............................................
Drum Kit List ........................................................
Style List ..............................................................
About the Digital Effects (Reverb/Chorus/DSP) ...
Reverb Type List .......................................
Chorus Type List .......................................
DSP Type List ...........................................
Harmony/Echo Type List ......................................
Troubleshooting ...................................................
Data Backup & Initialization .................................
Alert Message List ...............................................
MIDI Data Format ................................................
MIDI Implementation Chart ..................................
Index ....................................................................
Specifications .......................................................
123
123
123
125
128
130
131
132
132
132
133
134
135
136
138
150
152
155
Style Recording — Rhythm Track .......................... 98
Style Recording —
Bass/Phrase/Pad/Chord Tracks ...................... 100
Quantize .............................................................. 102
Naming User Styles ............................................. 104
Clearing User Style Data ..................................... 104
MIDI Functions
What’s MIDI? .......................................................
What You Can Do With MIDI ................................
MIDI Data Compatibility .......................................
Connecting to a Personal Computer ....................
MIDI Template ......................................................
MIDI Transmit Setting ...........................................
MIDI Receive Setting ...........................................
Local Control ........................................................
Clock ....................................................................
Initial Data Send ..................................................
106
106
108
109
110
112
114
115
116
116
117
5
7
Important Features
Since the PSR-540 has such a wealth of advanced features and functions, you may be at a loss as to how to
explore its capabilities and how to best use them for your music. You needn’t worry. The PSR-540 is very easy
to play and use, and each function — no matter how advanced — can be mastered easily.
That’s what this section is designed for. It will help you master the PSR-540. It introduces you to the important
features of the PSR-540 with short explanations and page references. Read through the features you’re
interested in, then turn to the relevant pages in the manual for instructions and other details.
Basic operations
• The PSR-540 is packed with
sophisticated feature and functions, yet it’s also exceptionally easy
to use. Panel operations are exceptionally quick
and easy, especially with the aid of relevant “Easy
Navigator” messages that automatically appear in
the display. (→ Page 18)
• A convenient Direct Access function lets you
instantly call up the specific menu or display you
need. (→ Page 21)
Auto accompaniment (styles)
•
•
•
Multi Pads
•
Listening to the PSR-540
• The PSR-540 features a wide
variety of songs in various
musical genres. (→ Page 15)
• In addition, 20 songs are provided in
the included disk. (→ Page 59)
• The powerful auto accompaniment function gives
you a total of 106 styles (rhythm and accompaniment patterns), providing professional sounding
backing parts for your performance. (→ Page 32)
• Special Multi Pads let you instantly and easily play short
rhythmic and melodic sequences for adding impact and
variety to your performance. (→ Page 43)
Playing the PSR-540
• The PSR-540 keyboard has 61
keys with full touch-response
capability that lets you play with
extraordinary expressiveness and dynamic control.
(→ Page 26)
• The PSR-540 lets you perform with a huge variety
of musical instrument voices. (→ Page 26)
There are two different types of voices: panel
voices (the original PSR-540voices) and XG
voices.
The auto accompaniment feature puts a full backing band
at your fingertips, with a total of 106 styles (rhythm and
accompaniment patterns). (→ Page 32)
The One Touch Setting feature lets you instantly call up
the appropriate voice, effect and other settings for the
selected accompaniment style — with the touch of a
single button. (→ Page 42)
You can also create your original accompaniment styles
by recording them directly from the keyboard. (→ Page
96)
•
By simply pressing one of the Multi Pads, you can play
short rhythmic or melodic phrases. (→ Page 43)
You can also create your original Multi Pad phrases by
recording them directly from the keyboard. (→ Page 92)
Registration Memory
•
The convenient Registration Memory feature lets you save
virtually all panel settings to one of 128 Registration
Memory settings, and then instantly recall all your custom
panel settings by pressing a single button. (→ Page 54)
Song Recording
•
Use the powerful song recording features create your own
complete, fully orchestrated compositions and save them
floppy disk as a User song. Each User song lets you
record up to sixteen independent tracks. (→ Page 78)
* To quickly and easily mold your musical ideas into
complete songs, use the Quick Recording method. (→
Page 80)
* To build up a song part-by-part and track-by-track, use
the Multi Track Recording method. (→ Page 82)
* You can also “fine tune” the recorded song data with the
PSR-540’s comprehensive song editing functions. (→
Pages 84-91)
* The PSR-540 features 215 panel voices, 12 drum kits
and 480 XG voices
• With the R1, R2 and L voices, you can play two
different voices in a layer, and even play two
different voices with your right and left hands. (→
Pages 27, 28)
8
6
Important Features
Digital Effects
MIDI
•
•
A comprehensive set of professional-sounding digital
effects are built into the PSR-540, letting you enhance the
sound of your performance in a wide variety of ways.
These include Reverb, Chorus, DSP and Harmony/Echo.
(→ Page 46)
* Reverb recreates the rich spacial ambiance of various
performance environments, such as a concert hall or a
night club. (→ Page 46)
* Chorus enriches the voices by making them sound
warmer and thicker — as if several instruments were
playing together at the same time. (→ Page 48)
* The DSP effects let you process the sound in special,
unusual ways — such as applying distortion or tremolo
to a specific part. (→ Page 49)
* Harmony/Echo lets you enhance your right-hand
melodies with a variety of harmony and echo effects.
(→ Page 50)
MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) is a worldwide
standard interface that allows various electronic music
instruments, computers and other devices to communicate with each other. The MIDI features let you
seamlessly integrate the PSR-540 into a variety of
systems and applications:
* Play other instruments from the PSR-540. (→ Page
108)
* Play the sounds of the PSR-540 (including the auto
accompaniment) from a connected keyboard. (→ Page
108)
* Connect the PSR-540 directly to a computer, for
advanced recording, editing and playing back of song
data. (→ Page 110)
* Use pre-programmed templates to instantly configure
the PSR-540 for your specific MIDI system/application.
(→ Page 112)
Disk Drive
•
The PSR-540 also features a built-in disk drive that lets
you save all your important original data (such as User
songs, User styles, User Multi Pads, Registration Memory,
etc.) to floppy disk for future recall. (→ Page 57)
Panel logos
The logos printed on the PSR-540 panel indicate standards/formats it supports and special features it includes.
GM System Level 1
“GM System Level 1” is an addition to the MIDI standard which guarantees that any
data conforming to the standard will play accurately on any GM-compatible tone
generator or synthesizer from any manufacturer.
XG
XG is a new Yamaha MIDI specification which significantly expands and improves on
the GM System Level 1 standard with greater voice handling capacity, expressive
control and effect capability while retaining full compatibility with GM. By using the
PSR-540’s XG voices, it is possible to record XG-compatible song files.
DOC
The DOC voice allocation format provides data playback compatibility with a wide
range of Yamaha instruments and MIDI devices, including the Clavinova series.
Style File Format
The Style File Format — SFF — is Yamaha’s original style file format which uses a
unique conversion system to provide high-quality automatic accompaniment based on a
wide range of chord types. The PSR-540 uses the SFF internally, reads optional SFF
style disks, and creates SFF styles using the Style Recording feature.
7
9
Panel Controls and Terminals
u
y
o
!1
CHORD
119
dim 6 513
mM 7augsus4
TRANSPOSE
t
e
r
$0
NEXT
BACK
START/STOP KEYBOARD
REGISTRATION
MEASURE
TEMPO
0~9
/YES
TRACK(1~16)
PART DIAL
EASY
NAVIGATOR
VOICE LR12
STYLE
SONG
FUNCTION
BEAT
DSP(FAST)
TOUCH
SUSTAIN
HARMONY
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
@8
!4
!3
w
q
@7
!2 001 Grand Piano
i
!0
!5
@1 @2
!6
!7
!8
!9
@3 @4 @5
@0
@9
#0 #1 #2
@6
$2
#3 #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 #9 $1
$3
$4
C1
CLICK 36
D1
T 37
E1
38
S 39
F1
40
R 41
G1
42
L 43
A1
44
L 45
B1
46
M 47
C2
H 48
D2
49
M 50
E2
51
H 52
F2
G2
L 53
54
H 55
A2
56
L 57
B2
58
M 59
L
$7
C3
M 60
H
D3
C 61
1
$8
H 62
E3
R 63
1
F3
64
R 65
G3
66
$9
S 67
A3
68
C 69
2
$6
B3
70
R 71
2
C4
H 72
D4
L 73
E4
74
H 75
F4
L 76
G4
H 77
L 78
$5
H 79
A4
L 80
B4
81
82
H 83
C5
L 84
D5
S 85
L 86
E5
87
H 88
F5
L 89
G5
M 90
O 91
92
%0
10
8
Panel Controls and Terminals
Top Panel Controls
q STANDBY/ON switch ................................. 15
w MASTER VOLUME control ........................ 15
e DEMO button ............................................. 15
r RECORD button ................. 17, 25, 78, 92, 96
t DIRECT ACCESS button ..................... 21, 24
y DSP button ................................................. 49
u FAST/SLOW button ................................... 49
i TOUCH button ......................................... 120
o SUSTAIN button ......................................... 30
!0 HARMONY/ECHO button .......................... 50
!1 BACK button, NEXT button ........................ 17
!2 LCD display ................................................ 16
!3 VOICE CHANGE button ............................. 75
A5
B5
93
94
C6
95
96
!4
!5
!6
!7
!8
!9
@0
@1
@2
MIXER button ............................................. 76
TRACK 1 - 16 buttons .......................... 37, 70
FUNCTION button ........................ 17, 77, 118
SONG button .................................. 17, 25, 68
STYLE button ................................. 17, 25, 32
VOICE L button .......................................... 28
VOICE R1 button ....................................... 27
VOICE R2 button ....................................... 27
ACMP ON/OFF button ......................... 25, 33
FINGERING button .................................... 38
@3 TEMPO/TAP button .................................... 36
@4 TRANSPOSE button .................................. 30
@5 ACMP/SONG VOLUME button ............ 37, 70
@6 PART ON/OFF
@7
@8
@9
#0
#1
#2
VOICE L button ..................................... 28
VOICE R1 button .................................. 27
VOICE R2 button .................................. 27
Number buttons
[1]-[0], [-/NO], [+/YES] ........................... 20
EXIT button ................................................ 17
Data dial ..................................................... 20
DISK LOAD button ............................... 17, 62
DISK SAVE button ............................... 17, 60
DISK UTILITY button ..................... 17, 64, 67
#3 SYNC STOP button ................................... 41
#4 SYNC START button .................................. 33
#5 START/STOP button ............................ 32, 69
#6 INTRO button ............................................. 34
#7 MAIN/AUTO FILL A button ......................... 34
#8 MAIN/AUTO FILL B button ......................... 34
#9 ENDING/rit. button ..................................... 34
$0 REGISTRATION MEMORY buttons ........... 54
$1 ONE TOUCH SETTING buttons ................ 42
$2 MULTI PAD buttons .................................... 43
$3 Disk Drive ................................................... 58
$4 PITCH BEND wheel ................................... 30
Rear Panel Controls
$5 PHONES/OUTPUT jack ............................. 13
$6 FOOT SWITCH jack ................................... 13
$7 TO HOST connector ................................ 107
$8 HOST SELECT switch ............................. 110
$9 MIDI IN/OUT connectors .......................... 107
%0 DC IN 10-12V jack ..................................... 12
9
11
Setting Up
This section contains information about setting up your PSR-540 and preparing to play.
Be sure to go through this section carefully before turning the power on.
Power supply connections
Although the PSR-540 will run either from an optional AC adaptor or batteries,
Yamaha recommends use of the more environmentally safe AC adaptor. Follow the
instructions below according to the power source you intend to use.
■ Using An Optional AC Power Adaptor
1
Make sure that the STANDBY/ON switch of the
PSR-540 is set to STANDBY.
2
Connect the AC adaptor (PA-6 or other adaptor
specifically recommended by Yamaha) to the
power supply jack.
3
Plug the AC adaptor into an AC outlet.
CAUTION
• Never interrupt the power
supply (e.g. remove the
batteries or unplug the AC
adaptor) during any PSR540 record operation!
Doing so can result in a
loss of data.
WARNING
• Use ONLY a Yamaha PA-6
AC Power Adaptor (or
other adaptor specifically
recommended by Yamaha)
to power your instrument
from the AC mains. The
use of other adaptors may
result in irreparable
damage to both the
adaptor and the PSR-540.
• Unplug the AC Power
Adaptor when not using
the PSR-540, or during
electrical storms.
When turning the power OFF, simply reverse the
procedure.
■ Using Batteries
For battery operation the PSR-540 requires six 1.5V SUM-1, “D” size, R-20 or equivalent batteries. When the batteries need to be replaced, “Battery Low” may appear on
top of the display, the volume may be reduced, the sound may be distorted, and other
problems may occur. When this happens, turn the power off and replace the batteries.
Replace the batteries as follows:
1
Open the battery compartment cover located on the instrument’s bottom panel.
2
Insert the six new batteries, being careful to follow the polarity markings on the
inside of the compartment.
3
Replace the compartment cover, making sure that it locks firmly in place.
CAUTION
• When the batteries run
down, replace them with a
complete set of six new
batteries. NEVER mix old
and new batteries.
• Do not use different kinds
of batteries (e.g. alkaline
and manganese) at the
same time.
• If the instrument is not to
be in use for a long time,
remove the batteries from
it, in order to prevent
possible fluid leakage from
the battery.
• Plugging or unplugging
the AC power adaptor
while the batteries are
installed will reset the
PSR-540 to the defaults.
12
10
Setting Up
Important Notes on Battery Use
• Since the PSR-540 consume a considerable amount of power, Yamaha recommends the use of an AC power
adaptor rather than batteries. The batteries should be considered an auxiliary power source for data backup.
• The floppy disk drive, in particular, uses a large amount of power, so it is important to always use an AC
power adaptor when performing disk-intensive operations such as song recording/playback or data load/save.
If you attempt to use battery power for these operations and the batteries do fail, you will lose not only the
data you’re recording or saving, but also other data in internal memory including user styles, user pads,
registration memory, etc.
• Taking the above precautions into consideration, always use an AC power adaptor when using the PSR-540
for an important performance or when creating important data.
Connecting a footswitch
■ FOOT SWITCH jack
The sustain function lets you produce a natural sustain as you play by pressing a
footswitch. Plug an optional Yamaha FC4 or FC5 footswitch into this jack and use it to
switch sustain on and off. The footswitch connected to this jack can also be set to
replicate the functions of some panel buttons, doing things like starting and stopping
accompaniment (page 121).
• Be sure that you do not
press the footswitch while
turning the power on. If you
do, the ON/OFF status of the
footswitch will be reversed.
• When the sustain or
sostenuto pedal functions
are being used (page 121),
some voices may sound
continuously or have a long
decay after the notes have
been released while the
pedal is held.
Audio equipment connections
■ PHONES/OUTPUT jack
A standard pair of stereo headphones can be plugged in here for private practice or
late-night playing. The internal stereo speaker system is automatically shut off when a
pair of head phones is plugged into the PHONES/OUTPUT jack.
Do not listen with the headphones at high volume for long periods of time. Doing so
may cause hearing loss.
CAUTION
• Connect the PSR-540 to
external equipment only
after turning off power for
all devices. To prevent
damage to the speakers,
set the volume of the
external devices at the
minimum setting before
connecting them. Failure
to observe these cautions
may result in electric
shock or equipment
damage.
11
13
Setting Up
Connecting external MIDI devices
For more information on using MIDI, refer to page 107.
Music stand
The PSR-540 is supplied with a music stand that can be attached to the instrument
by inserting it into the slot at the rear of the control panel.
14
12
Demo Song Playback
Once you’ve set up your PSR-540, try listening to the pre-programmed demonstration songs. A total of 5
demo songs are provided.
1
Turn the power ON by pressing the [STANDBY/ON] switch.
Press the [STANDBY/ON] switch again to turn the power OFF.
001 Grand Piano
CHORD
119
dim 6 513
mM 7augsus4
TRANSPOSE
2
NEXT
BACK
START/STOP KEYBOARD
REGISTRATION
EASY
NAVIGATOR
MEASURE
TEMPO
0~9
/YES
TRACK(1~16)
PART DIAL
BEAT
VOICE LR12
STYLE
SONG
FUNCTION
DSP(FAST)
TOUCH
SUSTAIN
HARMONY
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
• Even when the switch is in
the “STANDBY” position,
electricity is still flowing to
the instrument at the
minimum level. When you
are not using the PSR-540
for a long time, make sure
you unplug the AC power
adaptor from the wall AC
outlet, and/or remove the
batteries from the
instrument.
Press the [DEMO] button to start demo playback.
1
MyHeartGoOn
My Heart Will Go On (Love Theme From ‘Titanic’)
from the Paramount and Twentieth Century Fox Motion Picture TITANIC
Music by James Horner
Lyrics by Will Jennings
Copyright © 1997 by Famous Music Corporation, Ensign Music Corporation, TCF
Music Publishing, Inc., Fox Film Music Corporation and Blue Sky Rider Songs
All Rights for Blue Sky Rider Songs Administered by Irving Music, Inc.
International Copyright Secured All Rights Reserved
3
Set a volume level with the [MASTER VOLUME] control.
4
Skip to the beginning of a different demo song.
• If you play the PSR-540 with
the volume at its maximum
level when the batteries are
used, the life of the batteries
will be shorter.
• While playing back Demo
song #001, try playing the
Multi Pads (page 45) with
bank #14 (WaterSE). This
bank has been recorded
especially to enhance the
above song.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the number buttons
[1]-[0].
2
5
CAUTION
SweetTrumpet
Press the [DEMO] button again to stop the demo song.
13
15
Panel Display Indications
The PSR-540 features a large multi-function display that shows all important settings for the instrument.
The section below briefly explains the various icons and indications in the display.
q Menu/message display
e Easy Navigator
!3 Chord
001 Grand Piano
CHORD
119
dim 6 513
mM 7augsus4
TRANSPOSE
r Transpose
NEXT
BACK
START/STOP KEYBOARD
REGISTRATION
EASY
NAVIGATOR
MEASURE
TEMPO
0~9
/YES
TRACK(1~16)
PART DIAL
VOICE LR12
STYLE
SONG
FUNCTION
BEAT
DSP(FAST)
TOUCH
SUSTAIN
HARMONY
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
t Registration bank
and number
y Tempo
u Measure
i Beat indicators
w Menu indication
o DSP (FAST)
!0 TOUCH
!1 SUSTAIN
!2 HARMONY
!4 Song tracks /
Accompaniment tracks
q Menu/message display
o DSP (FAST)
This shows the menu for each function of the PSR-540.
It also displays the relevant messages for the current
operation.
See the “Basic Operation” section (page 17) for details
on the menu/message display.
“DSP” appears when the DSP effect is turned on (page
49).
“FAST” appears when the DSP FAST/SLOW effect is
turned on (page 49).
w Menu indication
Appears when the touch sensitivity is turned on (page
120).
This indicates the items shown in the menu display, and
the button to be pressed. Refer to “Basic Operation”
(page 17) for details.
e Easy Navigator
This indicates the buttons to be pressed. Refer to
“Basic Operation” (page 18) for details.
r Transpose
t Registration bank-number
Shows the current selected registartion memory bank
and number (page 56).
y Tempo
Shows the current tempo of accompaniment/song
playback (page 36).
u Measure
4/4 time
!1 SUSTAIN
Appears when the sustain is turned on (page 30).
!2 HARMONY
Appears when the HARMONY effect is turned on
(page 50).
!3 Chord
Shows the current transpose value (page 30).
Indicates the current
measure number during
song recording and
playback.
!0 TOUCH
3/4 time
1st beat
2nd beat
3rd beat
4th beat
i Beat indicators
Flashes at the current tempo and indicates the current
beat during accompaniment and song playback.
Displays the current chord
name during AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT playback or
SONG recording/playback
(page 33).
Cm
Root
Chord type
!4 Song tracks / Accompaniment tracks
• In the Song mode (page 25) and the Demo Song
mode (page 15):
The icons of all tracks indicate the on/off status and
volume/velocity settimgs.
• In the Style mode (page 25):
The icons of tracks 9 - 16 indicate the on/off status
and volume/velocity settings for each of the eight
accompaniment tracks.
• In the Record mode (page 25):
The icons of all tracks indicate the on/off status and
volume/velocity settimgs. The “REC” marks indicate the recording status.
16
14
Basic Operation
This section introduces you to the basic operations common to the various functions of the PSR-540.
In particular, you’ll learn how to use the menu/message display at the center of the front panel.
• Calling up the Operation Displays ..................................................................... page 17
• How to read the Menu/message display and the “Easy Navigator” ................... page 18
• Menu Selection .................................................................................................. page 19
• Changing (Editing) Values ................................................................................. page 20
• Naming .............................................................................................................. page 21
• Direct Access ..................................................................................................... page 21
Calling up the Operation Displays
Press the buttons listed below in order to call up the appropriate displays for the
various functions of the PSR-540.
• DEMO button ...................................................... page 15
• RECORD button ............................. pages 25, 78, 92, 96
• FUNCTION button .................................... pages 77, 118
• SONG button .............................................. pages 25, 68
• STYLE button .............................................. pages 25, 32
• VOICE L button ................................................... page 28
• VOICE R1 button ................................................ page 27
• VOICE R2 button ................................................ page 27
• VOICE CHANGE button ...................................... page 75
• MIXER button ...................................................... page 76
• FINGERING button ............................................. page 38
• TEMPO/TAP button ............................................. page 36
• TRANSPOSE button ........................................... page 30
• ACMP/SONG VOL button ........................... pages 37, 70
• DISK LOAD button ............................................. page 62
• DISK SAVE button ............................................. page 60
• DISK UTILITY button ................................. pages 64, 67
Pressing one of these buttons instantly calls up the relevant display for the selected
function.
See the function tree chart for details (page 22).
If you’ve selected several different functions’ displays in succession, you can “retrace
your steps” and revisit each display by using the [BACK] and [NEXT] buttons at the
left side of the display. Of course you can also directly select the desired displays by
pressing the appropriate buttons (as listed above).
How to leave the current display
As shown in the function tree chart (page 22), there is a wide varierty of functions on
the PSR-540, each with its own corresponding display. In order to leave the display of
each function press the [EXIT] button.
Since the PSR-540 has so many different displays, you may occasionally find yourself
confused as to which operation’s display is currently shown. If this happens, you can
return to “home base” by pressing the [EXIT] button several times. This returns the
PSR-540 to the default display — the same display that appears when the power is
turned on.
15
17
Basic Operation
How to Read the Menu/Message Display and “Easy Navigator”
Depending on the selected function or operation, the PSR-540 shows a variety of
displays and indications. Included in these are “Easy Navigator” messages that guide
you through the various operations.
Let’s take a look at some examples:
● Voice
Press the [VOICE R1] button.
001 Grand Piano
CHORD
119
dim 6 513
mM 7augsus4
NEXT
BACK
START/STOP KEYBOARD
EASY
NAVIGATOR
TRACK(1~16)
PART DIAL
0~9
/YES
VOICE LR12
STYLE
SONG
FUNCTION
This message means: “The current voice for voice R1
(Grand Piano) is shown at top. You can change this
voice by using the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the
[-/NO] button or the number buttons [1]-[0].”
● Style
Press the [STYLE] button.
001 8Beat 1
CHORD
119
dim 6 513
mM 7augsus4
NEXT
BACK
START/STOP KEYBOARD
EASY
NAVIGATOR
TRACK(1~16)
PART DIAL
0~9
/YES
VOICE LR12
STYLE
SONG
FUNCTION
This message means: “The current style (8Beat 1) is
shown at top. You can change this style by using the
data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the
number buttons [1]-[0].”
This message also means: “You can
start the accompaniment by pressing
the [START/STOP] button.
● Song
Insert the sample disk into
the disk drive.
001 CLUB _XG
CHORD
119
dim 6 513
mM 7augsus4
NEXT
BACK
START/STOP KEYBOARD
EASY
NAVIGATOR
TRACK(1~16)
PART DIAL
0~9
/YES
VOICE LR12
STYLE
SONG
FUNCTION
This message means: “The current song (CLUB_XG)
is shown at top. You can change this song by using the
data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the
number buttons [1]-[0].”
This message also means: “You can
start the current song by pressing the
[START/STOP] button.
18
16
Basic Operation
● Disk
Insert an unformatted
disk into the disk drive.
Format OK?
CHORD
NEXT
BACK
START/STOP KEYBOARD
119
dim 6 513
mM 7augsus4
EASY
NAVIGATOR
TRACK(1~16)
PART DIAL
0~9
/YES
VOICE LR12
STYLE
SONG
FUNCTION
This message means: “Press the [+/YES] button to
execute the Format operation.”
Menu Selection
For certain operations on the PSR-540 (such as selecting voices, demo songs and
styles), you’ll need to select different menus in the display.
For example, the display below (for selecting the function) appears when you press the
[FUNCTION] button.
F1 Multi Pad
CHORD
119
dim 6 513
mM 7augsus4
NEXT
BACK
START/STOP KEYBOARD
EASY
NAVIGATOR
TRACK(1~16)
PART DIAL
0~9
/YES
VOICE LR12
STYLE
SONG
FUNCTION
In this case you can select the function by turning the data dial, or move the cursor by
pressing the [+/YES]/[-/NO] buttons.
F1 Multi Pad
CHORD
119
dim 6 513
mM 7augsus4
NEXT
BACK
START/STOP KEYBOARD
EASY
NAVIGATOR
[-/NO] button
TRACK(1~16)
PART DIAL
0~9
/YES
VOICE LR12
STYLE
SONG
FUNCTION
[+/YES] button
F2 Regist Memory
CHORD
119
dim 6 513
mM 7augsus4
NEXT
BACK
START/STOP KEYBOARD
EASY
NAVIGATOR
[-/NO] button
TRACK(1~16)
PART DIAL
0~9
/YES
VOICE LR12
STYLE
SONG
FUNCTION
[+/YES] button
F3 DigitalEffect
CHORD
119
dim 6 513
mM 7augsus4
NEXT
BACK
START/STOP KEYBOARD
EASY
NAVIGATOR
[-/NO] button
TRACK(1~16)
PART DIAL
0~9
/YES
VOICE LR12
STYLE
SONG
FUNCTION
[+/YES] button
The display below (for selecting voices) appears when you press the [VOICE R1]
button.
001 Grand Piano
CHORD
119
dim 6 513
mM 7augsus4
NEXT
BACK
START/STOP KEYBOARD
EASY
NAVIGATOR
TRACK(1~16)
PART DIAL
0~9
/YES
VOICE LR12
STYLE
SONG
FUNCTION
In this case you can also select the voice by using the data dial or the [+/YES]/[-/NO]
buttons as above; you can also input the voice number directly by using the number
buttons [1]-[0] (see the next page).
17
19
Basic Operation
Changing (Editing) Values
This section shows you how to set numeric values on the PSR-540, such as voice
number, song/style number and various parameters. Input the values by using the
number buttons [1]-[0] or the [+/YES]/[-/NO] buttons.
Number buttons [1]-[0]
described below.
Rotating the data dial
to the right (clockwise)
increases the value,
while rotating it to the
left (counter-clockwise) decreases it.
Pressing the [+/YES] button increases the displayed
value by 1. Pressing the [-/NO] button decreases the
displayed value by 1. Pressing and holding either button
causes a continuous increase and decrease.
For items that have initial default values, pressing the [+/
YES] and the [-/NO] buttons together at the same time
will return the setting to the initial value.
Numeric entry
The explanations here apply only to numbers that have a maximum of three digits,
such as those for voices and styles.
• Entering one- or two-digit numbers
One- or two-digit voice numbers can be entered with leading zeroes: e.g. “12” can be
entered as “012” by pressing the [0], [1] and [2] buttons in sequence.
• One- or two-digit numbers
can also be entered without
leading zeroes.
To select number “12”, for
example, simply press the [1]
button and then the [2]
button. The bars below the
number on the display will
flash for a few seconds, and
then disappear when the
selected number has been
recognized by the PSR-540.
• Entering three-digit numbers
The number buttons can be used to directly enter the number of the desired voice,
thereby immediately selecting that voice without having to step through a number of
other voices. To select number 106, for example, press the [1], [0] and [6] number
buttons in sequence.
20
18
Basic Operation
Naming
The allows you to create your own original data such as songs, styles and registration
memory settings. You can also freely name the data as desired.
The following data types can be named.
• Disk files (User songs, etc) ............................... pages 61, 65, 66, 90
• User Styles ......................................................................... page 104
• User Pad banks .................................................................... page 94
• Registration Memory banks .................................................. page 56
The example display below appears when naming a song on a floppy disk (page 65).
Nam=xxxxxxxx
–
Cursor
To enter an original name, use the keyboard.
Letters and characters are marked
above the corresponding keys.
C1
Entering a character
Each key on the keyboard enters a different character, as
marked directly above the key.
Moving the cursor
The A#5 and B5 keys move the cursor backward and
forward within the file name.
Entering a lower-case character
The C1 key functions as a shift key that shifts between
lower- and upper-case characters: hold the Shift key
while pressing a character key to enter the lower-case
character.
Delete
The Delete key (C6) deletes the character at the cursor
position.
• Lowercase letters cannot be
used for disk file names.
Direct Access
By using the [DIRECT ACCESS] button, you can instantly call up the desired display.
For example, pressing the [DIRECT ACCESS] button and the [REGISTRATION
MEMORY] button at the same time automatically selects the display for inputting the
Registration Memory bank name.
R.Name =Regist01
–
Cursor
See page 24 for the Direct Access Chart.
19
21
Function Tree
Button
Menu/message display
DEMO
01 MyHeartGoOn .................. Demo song selection ................................................................... 15
VOICE R1
001 Grand Piano ................... Voice R1 selection ....................................................................... 26
VOICE R2
001 Grand Piano ................... Voice R2 selection ....................................................................... 27
VOICE L
001 Grand Piano ................... Voice L selection .......................................................................... 28
STYLE
001 8Beat 1 ........................... Accompaniment Style selection .................................................. 32
SONG
001 CLUB_XG ...................... Song selection ............................................................................. 68
S. Menu ................................. Song menu selection ................................................................... 69
PlyMode ....................... Song play method selection ........................................................ 69
Measure ....................... Song Measure from which to start playback ............................... 71
AbRepeat ..................... Song repeat setting ..................................................................... 72
S.Trans ......................... Song transpose setting ................................................................ 73
VOICE CHANGE
T01=001 Grand Pno ............. Voice selection of R1/R2/L/Style track/Song track ....................... 75
MIXER
Volume R1 ............................. Volume adjustment of Voice R1/R2/L .................
1,2,3 ........ 76
Volume Ph1 ........................... Volume adjustment of the accompaniment track ......................... 76
Volume T01 ........................... Volume adjustment of the song track .......................................... 76
ACMP/SONG VOL
Acmp Volume ........................ Accompaniment Volume setting .................................................. 37
Song Volume ......................... Song Volume setting .................................................................... 70
TRANSPOSE
Transpose ............................. Transpose setting ........................................................................ 30
TEMPO/TAP
Tempo ................................... Tempo setting .............................................................................. 36
FINGERING
FingerMode ........................... Fingering selection ...................................................................... 38
DISK LOAD
Ld .......................................... Loading data from a disk ............................................................. 62
DISK SAVE
Sv .......................................... Saving data to a disk ................................................................... 60
DISK UTILTY
Function
See page
Menu
Format .......................... Formatting a disk ......................................................................... 60
SongCopy .................... Copying a song in a disk ............................................................. 64
Delete ........................... Deleting a file in a disk ................................................................ 67
22
20
Function Tree
Button
FUNCTION
Menu/message display
Function
See page
F1 Multi Pad
Bank ............................ Multi pad bank selection .....................................
C.Match ........................ Chord match on/off setting .................................
4 .............. 44
5 .............. 43
F2 Regist Memory
Bank ............................ Registration Memory bank selection .................
R.Name ........................ Namimg Registration Memory bank ..................
6 .............. 56
7 .............. 56
F3 DigitalEffect
Reverb
Type .................... Reverb type selection .................................................................. 46
Return Level ........ Reverb return level setting ........................................................... 47
Chorus
Type .................... Chorus type selction .................................................................... 48
Return Level ........ Chorus return level setting .......................................................... 48
Dsp
Type .................... DSP type selection .............................................
8 .............. 49
Return Level ........ DSP return level setting ............................................................... 49
Harmony
Type .................... Harmony/Echo type selection.............................
9 .............. 50
Harmony Vol ........ Harmony /Echo volume setting ................................................... 52
H.Part .................. Harmony part setting ................................................................... 53
F4 Utility
Metronom ..................... Metronome on/off setting ....................................
10 ........... 118
Octave .......................... Part octave setting ..............................................
11,12,13 . 119
Tuning .......................... Master tuning setting .................................................................. 119
SC.Tune ....................... Scale tuning setting .................................................................... 119
Split ............................ Split point setting ................................................
14 ........... 119
TouchSns ..................... Touch sensitivity setting ......................................
15 ........... 120
VoiceSet ....................... Voice set on/off setting ............................................................... 120
Pedal ............................ Selecting footswitch function ..............................
16 ........... 121
PBRange ...................... Pitch bend range setting .....................................
17 ........... 122
F5 Midi
Template ...................... MIDI template vselection ............................................................ 112
Load OK? ..................... Loading the selected MIDI template setting ............................... 112
Transmit Ch .................. MIDI transmit channel setting ..................................................... 114
Receive Ch .................. MIDI receive channel setting ...................................................... 115
Local ............................ Local control on/off setting ......................................................... 116
Clock ............................ External /Internal clock selection ................................................ 116
Init Send ....................... Initial data send .......................................................................... 117
F6 ParameterEdit
Octave R1 ................... Octave setting of voice R1/R2/L .................................................. 77
Octave T01 .................. Octave setting of song track ........................................................ 77
Pan R1 ........................ Pan setting of voice R1/R2/L ....................................................... 77
Pan RhM ..................... Pan setting of accompaniment track ........................................... 77
Pan T01 ....................... Pan setting of song track ............................................................. 77
RevDepth R1 .............. Reverb depth setting of voice R1/R2/L ....................................... 77
RevDepth RhM ........... Reverb depth setting of accompaniment track ............................ 77
RevDepth T01 ............. Reverb depth setting of song track .............................................. 77
ChoDepth R1 .............. Chorus depth setting of voice R1/R2/L ....................................... 77
ChoDepth RhM ........... Chorus depth setting of accompaniment track ............................ 77
ChoDepth T01 ............. Chorus depth setting of song track .............................................. 77
DspDepth R1 .............. DSP depth setting of voice R1/R2/L ........................................... 77
DspDepth RhM ........... DSP depth setting of accompaniment track ............................... 77
DspDepth T01 ............. DSP depth setting of song track ................................................. 77
21
23
Function Tree
Button
Menu/message display
RECORD
Function
See page
Song
QuickRec ..................... User Song Quick recording ......................................................... 80
MultiRec ....................... User Song Multi track recording .................................................. 82
Punch In/Out ....... Punch in/out setting ..................................................................... 84
Rec Start ............. Measure from which to start playback ......................................... 84
Edit
Quantize .............. Quantize ...................................................................................... 86
Setup Dt .............. Setup data editing ....................................................................... 88
Name .................. Naming User Songs .................................................................... 90
Clear ................... Clearing user song data .............................................................. 91
Style
Record ......................... User Style recording .................................................................... 96
Edit
Quantize .............. Quantize ..................................................................................... 102
Name .................. Namimg User Styles .................................................................. 104
Clear ................... Clearing user style data .............................................................. 104
MultiPad
Record ......................... User Pad recording ...................................................................... 92
Edit
ChdMatch ........... Chord match on/off setting .......................................................... 94
Name .................. Naming user pads ....................................................................... 94
Clear ................... Clearing user pad data ................................................................ 95
Direct Access Chart
Function Tree number/function
Operation:
1
Volume adjustment of Voice L
PART ON/OFF [VOICE L]
2
Volume adjustment of Voice R1
PART ON/OFF [VOICE R1]
3
Volume adjustment of Voice R2
PART ON/OFF [VOICE R2]
4
Multi pad bank selection
MULTI PAD [STOP]
5
Chord match on/off setting
MULTI PAD [1]-[4]
6
Registration Memory bank selection
REGISTRATION MEMORY [1]-[4]
7
Namimg Registration Memory bank
REGISTRATION MEMORY [MEMORY]
8
DSP type selection
[DSP]
9
Harmony/Echo type selection
[HARMONY/ECHO]
10
Metronome on/off setting
[TEMPO/TAP]
11
Part octave setting of Voice L
[VOICE L]
12
Part octave setting of Voice R1
[VOICE R1]
13
Part octave setting of Voice R2
[VOICE R2]
14
Split point setting
[ACMP ON/OFF]
15
Touch sensitivity setting
[TOUCH]
16
Selecting footswitch function
Footswitch
17
Pitch bend range setting
Pitch bend wheel
+ button listed below
24
22
Mode
Depending on the panel operation used, the PSR-540 has several fundamentally different conditions (or
methods of operation). Each of these condition is called a mode. This section explains the main modes
of the instrument.
Style Mode
page 32
Select this mode by pressing the [STYLE] button. (This is the default mode when the
power is turned on.)
The Style mode is used for playing the full keyboard normally, and when using the auto
accompaniment.
Styles are the rhythm/accompaniment pattterns which are played by the auto accompaniment feature.
● Auto accompaniment (ACMP) on/off
.............................................. page 33
The [ACMP ON/OFF] button
switches on and off.
When auto accompaniment
is on, the left side of the
keyboard is used for playing/
indicating chords.
Song Mode
● Synchronized Start standby
(SYNC START) on/off ................. page 33
The [SYNC START] button
switches on and off.
When Synchronized Start
standby is on, the auto
accompaniment starts as
soon as you play a key on
the keyboard.
page 68
Select this mode by pressing the [SONG] button or inserting the disk that contains song
data into the disk drive.
The Song mode is used for playing the full keyboard normally, and for playing back the
songs.
Record Mode
Select this mode by pressing the [RECORD] button.
In the Record mode you can record your own original performances and songs, create
original styles and Multi Pad phrases.
● Song record mode ..................... page 78
• Rehearsal mode (Sync Start off)
• Record (Synchronized Start) standby
• Recording
● Pad record mode ........................ page 92
• Rehearsal mode (Sync Start off)
• Record (Synchronized Start) standby
• Recording
● Style record mode ...................... page 96
• Rehearsal mode (Sync Start off)
• Record (Synchronized Start) standby
• Recording
When Record (Synchronized Start) standby is on, the recording starts as soon as you play
a key on the keyboard.
Disk Mode
page 57
Select this mode by pressing the [LOAD] button, [SAVE] button or the [UTILITY]
button.
In the Disk mode you can save and load important data.
In the Disk mode, no panel operations can be executed (except for disk operations).
23
25
Playing Voices
The PSR-540 has a huge selection of various musical instrument voices which you can play. Try out the
different voices referring to the voice list at the end of this manual (page 123).
Select and play the voices of different musical instruments
• Selecting a Voice ............................................................................................ page 26
• Keyboard Percussion ..................................................................................... page 31
Assign three different voices to the keyboard and play them
• Playing Two Voices (R1, R2) Simultaneously ................................................. page 27
• Playing Different Voices with the Left (L) and Right (R1, R2) Hands ............. page 28
• Functions of the Keyboard ............................................................................. page 29
Other voice-related functions
• Pitch Bend Wheel .......................................................................................... page 30
• Transpose ....................................................................................................... page 30
• Sustain ........................................................................................................... page 30
• Touch Sensitivity .......................................................................................... page 120
Selecting a Voice
1
Press the [VOICE R1] button.
001 Grand Piano
CHORD
119
dim 6 513
mM 7augsus4
TRANSPOSE
2
NEXT
BACK
START/STOP KEYBOARD
REGISTRATION
EASY
NAVIGATOR
MEASURE
TEMPO
0~9
/YES
TRACK(1~16)
PART DIAL
BEAT
VOICE LR12
STYLE
SONG
FUNCTION
DSP(FAST)
TOUCH
SUSTAIN
HARMONY
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
• The voice selected here is
called voice R1 (RIGHT 1).
See page 29 for more
information on voice R1.
Select a voice.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the number buttons
[1]-[0].
Refer to the Voice List (page 123).
002 Bright Piano
3
Play the keyboard and adjust the volume.
26
24
Playing Voices
Playing Two Voices (R1, R2) Simultaneously
1
Press the [PART ON/OFF VOICE R2] button.
2
Play the voices.
Two different voices are sounded simultaneously in a layer.
Voice R1 (RIGHT 1) is the first voice of the layer and is meant to be played
with the right hand. The second voice is called voice R2 (RIGHT 2) and is also
played with the right hand.
Selecting a voice for VOICE R2
1
Press the [VOICE R2] button.
002 Bright Piano
2
Select a voice.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the number buttons
[1]-[0].
Refer to the Voice List (page 123).
The voices available for selection here (VOICE R2) are the same as those
available for VOICE R1 (selected on page 26).
3
Play the voice.
25
27
Playing Voices
Playing Different Voices with the Left (L) and Right (R1, R2) Hands
1
Press the [PART ON/OFF VOICE L] button.
2
Play the voices.
The notes you play with your right and left hands sound two different voices.
• The point on the keyboard
that separates voice L and
voice R1 is called the “split
point” (page 29).
Split Point
Voice L
Voice R1
Voice R1 (RIGHT 1) is meant to be played with the right hand. Voice L
(LEFT) is played with the left hand.
Selecting a voice for VOICE L
1
Press the [VOICE L] button.
002 Bright Piano
2
Select a voice.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the number buttons
[1]-[0].
Refer to the Voice List (page 123).
The voices available for selection here (VOICE L) are the same as those
available for VOICE R1 (selected on page 26).
3
Play the voices.
Split Point
Voice L
Voice R1
28
26
Playing Voices
Split Point
The point on the keyboard that separates voice L and voice R1/R2 is called the “split
point”.
The split point is set to F#2 at the factory setting, however you can set this to any key
you wish. Refer to page 119 for instructions on setting the split point.
Split Point (F#2)
• Each key has a note name;
for example, the lowest
(farthest left) key on the
keyboard corresponds to C1,
and the highest (farthest
right) key to C6. (See below
for details.)
Voice R1/R2
Voice L
Functions of the Keyboard
As explained above, the keyboard of the PSR-540 can sound three different voices. Here’s a short summary of the
various ways of playing voices.
● Playing a Single Voice
Voice R1
● Playing Two Voices
Voice R1 + R2
● Playing Separate Voices
with the Right and Left
Hands
Voice L
Voice R1
Voice L
Voice R1 + R2
In addition, the keyboard of the PSR-540 has other important functions besides playing voices (as shown below).
● Auto Accompaniment Section
When the auto accompaniment is set to on (page 33), the key range of voice L becomes the range for playing/
indicating chords.
Split Point
Voice R1/R2
Auto accompaniment
section
● Naming
The keyboard can also be used to name song files on a floppy disk, User Styles,
User Pad banks and Registration Memory banks (page 21).
Each key has a note name; for example, the lowest (farthest left) key on the keyboard corresponds to C1, and the
highest (farthest right) key to C6.
C#1 D#1
F#1 G#1 A#1
C1 D1 E1 F1 G1 A1 B1
27
C1 - B1
C2 - B2
C3 - B3
C4 - B4
C5 - B5
C6
29
Playing Voices
Transpose
This function allows the overall pitch of the PSR-540 to be transposed up or down by a
maximum of one octave in semitone increments. The transpose range is from -12 to
+12.
1
Press the [TRANSPOSE] button.
• Press the [+/YES] and [-/NO]
buttons simultaneously to
instantly reset the transpose
value to “0”.
Transpose
2
• The Transpose function
cannot be applied when a
drum kit is the selected voice
(page 31).
=
0
• The new TRANSPOSE value
will take effect from the next
key played.
• Minus values can be entered
by using the number buttons
while holding the [-/NO]
button.
Set the transposition.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the number buttons
[1]-[0].
Transpose
=
4
Pitch Bend Wheel
Use the PSR-540 pitch bend wheel to bend notes up (roll the wheel away from you) or
down (roll the wheel toward you) while playing the keyboard. The pitch bend wheel is
self-centering and will automatically return to nornal pitch when released.
• The maximum pitch bend
range can be set via the
Pitch Bend Range function in
the Utility function group
(page 122).
Sustain
When the Sustain features is ON, all notes played on the keyboard have a longer
sustain. Press the [SUSTAIN] button to turn the SUSTAIN effect ON or OFF.
DSP(FAST)
TOUCH
SUSTAIN
HARMONY
30
28
29
Se
q
Br Br u Cli
us sh ck
H
h
Ta Sw
Sn p S ir l
S a w
Ba na re ir l
re R
Ba ss D H oll
ss r u So
D m ft
ru S
o
Ba m H ft
ss ar
D d
Sn Sn r u
ar are m
e
Fl H M
oo Ha
Fl r T rd
oo om
rT L
o
Lo m
H
M wT
id om
M To
id m
T L
C
hi H om
R ne igh H
id se
T
e
C C om
Sp ym ym
b b
C lash al al
ra
C
sh Cy up
R C m
id ym ba
e
C ba l
ym l 2
C B ba
on o l 2
ga ng
H oH
M
C ut
o
Ti ng e
m a
ba L
Ag le
Sa
og H
m
o
Sa ba Ca H
m Wh ba
ba is sa
W tle
G his H
W uir tle
oo o L
W d B Lon
oo lo g
d ck
C Blo H
Tr uic ck
ia a
ng Op L
le e
Ji Op n
ng e
le n
Be Be
ll ll
Tr
ee
1
2
3
Play the voice.
•
Refer to the illustration below and the drum kit list at the end of the manual
(page 128).
The drum and percussion instrument sounds for the standard kit (Std.Kit1) are
indicated by symbols printed below the keys.
C1
C2
C3
C4
C
ui
c
Tr a M
ia u
Sh ngl te
ak e M
er ut
e
Br
us
Br h T
us ap
h
Sl
ap
C
as
t
a
St n
ic et
O ks
pe
n
R
im
Si
Sh
de
ot
H St
an ic
d k
C
la
p
H
i-H
H at
i-H C
l
H at ose
i-H P d
e
at da
O l
pe
C
n
ra
R sh C
id
e ym
C b
ym a
ba l 1
Ta
l1
m
b
C o
ow u r
Vi be ine
br ll
as
la
p
Bo
ng
C o
on L
ga
H
O
Ti
pe
m
n
Ag bal
e
og L
M o
ar L
ac
as
G
ui
r
C oS
la h
ve o
s rt
Playing Voices
Keyboard Percussion
Press the [VOICE R1] button.
Select “StandardKit1”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the number buttons
[1]-[0].
216 StandardKit1
CANNOT BE APPLIED WHEN A
THE TRANSPOSE FUNCTION
(PAGE 30).
DRUM KIT IS THE SELECTED VOICE
• Each key has a note name;
for example, the lowest
(farthest left) key on the
keyboard corresponds to C1,
and the highest (farthest
right) key to C6. (See page
29 for details.)
[Standard Kit 1]
C5
C6
31
Auto Accompaniment
The auto accompaniment feature puts a full backing band at your fingertips. To use it, all you have to do
is play the chords with your left hand as you perform, and the selected accompaniment style matching
your music will automatically play along, instantly following the chords you play. With auto accompaniment, even a solo performer can enjoy playing with the backing of an entire band or orchestra.
The PSR-540 features a total of 106 styles or accompaniment patterns (style numbers 1 - 106) in a
variety of different musical genres. Try selecting some of the different styles (page 130) and play with the
auto accompaniment.
Two ways to playback the auto accompaniment
• Using Auto Accompaniment (rhythm track only) .......................................... page 32
• Using Auto Accompaniment (all tracks) ....................................................... page 33
Additional functions for getting the most out of the auto accompaniment
• Accompaniment Sections ............................................................................ page 34
• Tempo / Tap .................................................................................................. page 36
• Accompaniment Track Muting ...................................................................... page 37
• Accompaniment Volume Control .................................................................. page 37
Auto accompaniment functions related to your left hand chord playing
• Chord Fingerings ......................................................................................... page 38
• Accompaniment Split Point .......................................................................... page 40
• Synchro Stop ............................................................................................... page 41
Automatic one-touch selection of a variety of specially programmed panel
settings to match the auto accompaniment style
• One Touch Setting ........................................................................................ page 42
Using Auto Accompaniment (rhythm track only)
1
Press the [STYLE] button.
001 8Beat 1
CHORD
119
2
dim 6 513
mM 7augsus4
NEXT
BACK
START/STOP KEYBOARD
EASY
NAVIGATOR
TRACK(1~16)
PART DIAL
0~9
/YES
VOICE LR12
STYLE
SONG
FUNCTION
Select a style.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the number buttons
[1]-[0].
Refer to the Style List (page 130).
002 8Beat 2
3
Press the [START/STOP] button to start the rhythm tracks of
the auto accompaniment, minus the bass and chord tracks.
4
Press the [START/STOP] button again to stop the accompaniment.
32
30
Auto Accompaniment
Using Auto Accompaniment (all tracks)
1
2
3
Press the [STYLE] button.
Select a style.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the number buttons
[1]-[0].
Refer to the Style List (page 130).
Turn AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT on.
Press the [ACMP ON/OFF] so that its indicator lights.
The specified left-hand section of the keyboard becomes the “Auto Accompaniment” section, and chords played in this section are automatically detected and
used as a basis for fully automatic accompaniment with the selected style.
• [ACMP] is the abbreviation of
[ACCOMPANIMENT] .
Split Point
4
Auto Accompaniment
section
Turn SYNCHRONIZED START on.
• [SYNC START] is the
abbreviation of [SYNCHRONIZED START].
Press the [SYNC START] button so that its indicator lights.
The beat lamp also flashes in time with the tempo. This condition is called
synchronized start standby. Refer to page 25 for details.
BEAT
5
As soon as you play a chord with your left hand, the auto
accompaniment starts.
For this example, play a C major chord (as shown below).
Split Point
CHORD
119
dim 6 513
mM 7augsus4
6
Auto Accompaniment
section
Try playing other chords with your left hand.
For information on how to enter chords, see “Chord Fingerings” on page 38.
Split Point
31
7
Auto Accompaniment
section
Press the [START/STOP] button again to stop the accompaniment.
33
Auto Accompaniment
Accompaniment Sections
There are various types of Auto Accompaniment sections that allow you to vary the
arrangement of the accompaniment to match the song you are playing. They are: Intro,
Main A and B, Fill-in and Ending. By switching among them as you play, you can
easily produce the dynamic elements of a professional-sounding arrangement in your
performance.
● INTRO Section
This is used for the beginning of the song. When the intro finishes playing, accompaniment shifts to the main section.
The length of the intro (in measures) differs depending on the selected style.
● MAIN Section
This is used for playing the main part of the song. It plays an accompaniment pattern of
several measures (2 - 4 measures), and repeats indefinitely until another section’s button
is pressed. There are two variations on the basic pattern, A - B, and the auto accompaniment changes harmonically based on the chords you play with your left hand.
● FILL-IN Section
The fill-in sections let you add dynamic variations and breaks in the rhythm of the
accompaniment, to make your performance sound even more professional. Simply press
one of the MAIN/AUTO FILL (A, B) buttons as you play, and the selected fill-in section
plays automatically (AUTO FILL), spicing up the auto accompaniment. When the fill-in is
finished, it leads smoothly into the selected main section (A, B).
● ENDING Section
This is used for the ending of the song. When the ending is finished, the auto accompaniment stops automatically. The length of the ending (in measures) differs depending on
the selected style.
1
2
3
Press the [STYLE] button.
Select a style (page 32).
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the number buttons
[1]-[0].
Turn AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT on (page 33).
Split Point
Auto Accompaniment
section
4
• [ACMP] is the abbreviation of
[ACCOMPANIMENT] and
[SYNC START] is that of
[SYNCHRONIZED START].
Turn SYNCHRONIZED START on (page 33).
BEAT
34
32
Auto Accompaniment
5
Press the [MAIN A] button.
6
Press the [INTRO] button.
7
As soon as you play a chord with your left hand, the auto
accompaniment starts.
For this example, play a C major chord (as shown below).
For information on how to enter chords, see “Chord Fingerings” on page 38.
Split Point
• The indicator of the
destination section (MAIN A
or B) will flash while the
corresponding fill-in is
playing. During this time you
can change the destination
section by pressing the
appropriate MAIN/AUTO
FILL [A] or [B] button.
• You can use the intro section
even in the middle of the
song by pressing the
[INTRO] button during the
song.
When the playback of the intro is finished, it automatically leads into main A
section.
8
Press the [MAIN B] button.
A fill-in plays, automatically followed by the main B section.
9
Press the MAIN buttons as desired during your performance.
The main section corresponding to the pressed button plays following an
automatic fill-in.
10
Press the [ENDING] button.
• If the MAIN/AUTO FILL A/B
button is pressed after the
final half beat (eighth note) of
the measure, fill-in will begin
from the next measure.
• If you press the INTRO
button while the ending is
playing, the intro section will
begin playing after the
ending is finished.
• If you press a MAIN/AUTO
FILL button while the ending
is playing, the fill-in
accompaniment will
immediately start playing,
continuing with the main
section.
• If you press the [SYNC
START] button while the
accompaniment is playing,
the accompaniment will stop
and the PSR-540 will enter
Synchronized Start standby
status.
• You can begin the
accompaniment by using the
ending instead of the intro
section.
This switches to the ending section. When the ending is finished, the auto
accompaniment automatically stops.
You can have the ending gradually slow down (ritardando) by pressing the
[ENDING] button again while the ending is playing back.
33
35
Auto Accompaniment
Tempo/Tap
Each style of the PSR-540 has been programmed with a default or standard tempo;
however, this can be changed by using the [TEMPO/TAP] button.
You can change the tempo to any value between 32 and 280 beats per minute.
The following steps can be used even during playback.
1
Press the [TEMPO/TAP] button.
Tempo
2
=116
Change the tempo.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the number buttons
[1]-[0].
Tempo
3
• When you select a different
style while the accompaniment is not playing, the
“default” tempo for that style
is also selected. If the
accompaniment is playing,
the same tempo is
maintained even if you select
a different style.
=124
To restore the default tempo setting, press the [+/YES]/[-/NO]
buttons simultaneously.
Tempo
=116
Using the Tap function
The auto accompaniment can be started at any tempo you desire by “tapping“ out the
tempo with the [TEMPO/TAP] button.
1
2
3
Press the [STYLE] button.
Select a style (page 32).
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the number buttons
[1]-[0].
Press the [TEMPO/TAP] button four times successively (in a
consistent rhythm).
● When a 4-beat style is selected
• The Tempo can also be
changed during playback by
tapping the TEMPO/TAP
button twice at the desired
tempo.
Tap 4 times
* When a 3-beat style is selected,
tap 3 times.
The auto accompaniment starts automatically at the tempo you tapped the
button.
36
34
Auto Accompaniment
Accompaniment Track Muting
The PSR-540 has eight accompaniment tracks — RHYTHM SUB, RHYTHM MAIN, BASS, CHORD 1, CHORD
2, PAD, PHRASE 1 and PHRASE 2 — that you can control to modify the “orchestration” and therefore the overall
sound of the accompaniment. When a style is selected, the icons corresponding to the tracks which contain data for
any section of that style will light.
Individual accompaniment tracks can be turned OFF (muted) or ON by pressing the TRACK buttons (9 - 16)
corresponding to the target tracks. The [M] icon will appear when a track is muted. By turning the tracks OFF and
ON in different combinations, you can create various arrangements from a single accompaniment style.
Track contents
● RHYTHM SUB, RHYTHM MAIN
These are the main rhythm tracks. The RHYTHM tracks produce
the drum and percussion sounds.
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
13
● BASS
The BASS track always plays a bass line, but the voice will
change to fit the selected style … acoustic bass, synth bass,
tuba, etc.
● CHORD 1, CHORD 2
These tracks provide the rhythmic chordal accompaniment
required by each style. You’ll find guitar, piano and other chordal
instruments here.
● PAD
This track plays long chords where necessary, using sustained instruments such as
strings, organ, choir.
● PHRASE 1, PHRASE 2
This is where the musical embellishments reside.
The PHRASE tracks are used for punchy brass stabs, arpeggiated chords and other
extras that make the accompaniment more interesting.
Accompaniment Volume Control
This separate volume control for the auto accompaniment lets you set the optimum
level balance between the accompaniment and your right hand performance.
The accompaniment volume range is from “0” (no sound) to “127” (maximum volume).
1
2
Start the accompaniment (page 33).
Press the [ACMP/SONG VOLUME] button.
Acmp Volume =100
3
Adjust the Accompaniment Volume.
4
Stop the accompaniment (page 33).
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the number buttons
[1]-[0].
Adjust the level as you play the keyboard with your right hand, listening to the
overall balance between the accompaniment and the keyboard-played voice.
• [ACMP] is the abbreviation of
[ACCOMPANIMENT] .
35
37
Auto Accompaniment
Chord Fingerings
The way in which chords are played or indicated with your left hand (in the auto
accompaniment section of the keyboard) is referred to as “fingering”. There are 5
types of fingerings as described below.
• The default fingering mode is
“Multi Finger”.
• Multi Finger ................................................................................................ page 40
• Single Finger .............................................................................................. page 38
• Fingered 1 .................................................................................................. page 38
• Fingered 2 .................................................................................................. page 40
• Full Keyboard ............................................................................................. page 40
1
Press the [FINGERING] button.
FingerMode=Multi
2
Select the desired fingering mode.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
FingerMode=F1
The Single Finger mode
FingerMode=Singl
Single-finger accompaniment makes it simple to produce beautifully orchestrated
accompaniment using major, seventh, minor and minor-seventh chords by pressing a
minimum number of keys on the Auto accompaniment section of the keyboard. The
following abbreviated chord fingerings are used:
C
C7
• For a seventh chord, simultaneously press the
root key and a white key to its left.
• For a major chord, press the root key only.
Cm
Cm 7
• For a minor chord, simultaneously press the
root key and a black key to its left.
• For a minor-seventh chord, simultaneously
press the root key and both a white and black
key to its left.
The Fingered 1 mode
FingerMode=F1
The Fingered 1 mode lets you finger your own chords on the Auto accompaniment
section of the keyboard (i.e. all keys to the left of and including the split-point key —
normally F#2) while the PSR-540 supplies appropriately orchestrated rhythm, bass and
chord accompaniment in the selected style.
The Fingered 1 mode recognizes the following chords:
38
36
Auto Accompaniment
● Example for “C” chords
CmM 7
CmM 7 (9)
(
)
(
(
CM7 b5
Cm 7 (9)
Cm 7 (11)
)
CM 7 aug
C (b5)
(
Caug
(
Csus 4
CM7 (#11)
CM 7 (9)
CM 7
)
C6
)
C (9)
)
C 6 (9)
C
Cm (9)
Cm 6
Cm 7
Cm 7 b5
CmM 7 b5
Cdim
Cdim 7
C7
C 7 (13)
C 7 (#9)
C 7 b5
C 7 aug
C 7 sus4
)
(
)
(
)
(
)
(
(
)
(
C 1+2+5
)
)
(
C 7 (b13)
(
)
(
C 7 (#11)
C 7 (b9)
)
)
(
)
(
C 7 (9)
(
(
)
)
(
)
Cm
Chord Name/[Abbreviation]
Normal Voicing
Chord (C)
Display
Major [M]
1-3-5
C
C
Add ninth [(9)]
1-2-3-5
C(9)
C(9)
Sixth [6]
1 - (3) - 5 - 6
C6
C6
Sixth ninth [6(9)]
1 - 2 - 3 - (5) - 6
C6(9)
C6(9)
Major seventh [M7]
1 - 3 - (5) - 7 or
1 - (3) - 5 - 7
CM7
CM7
Major seventh ninth [M7(9)]
1 - 2 - 3 - (5) - 7
CM7(9)
CM7(9)
Major seventh add sharp eleventh [M7(#11)]
1 - (2) - 3 - #4 - 5 - 7 or
1 - 2 - 3 - #4 - (5) - 7
CM7(#11)
CM7(#11)
Flatted fifth [(b5)]
1 - 3 - b5
C(b5)
C(b5)
Major seventh flatted fifth [M7b5]
1 - 3 - b5 - 7
CM7b5
CM7b5
Suspended fourth [sus4]
1-4-5
Csus4
Csus4
Augmented [aug]
1 - 3 - #5
Caug
Caug
Major seventh augmented [M7aug]
1 - (3) - #5 - 7
CM7aug
CM7aug
Minor [m]
1 - b3 - 5
Cm
Cm
Minor add ninth [m(9)]
1 - 2 - b3 - 5
Cm(9)
Cm(9)
Minor sixth [m6]
1 - b3 - 5 - 6
Cm6
Cm6
Minor seventh [m7]
1 - b3 - (5) - b7
Cm7
Cm7
Minor seventh ninth [m7(9)]
1 - 2 - b3 - (5) - b7
Cm7(9)
Cm7(9)
Minor seventh add eleventh [m7(11)]
1 - (2) - b3 - 4 - 5 - (b7)
Cm7(11)
Cm7(11)
Minor major seventh [mM7]
1 - b3 - (5) - 7
CmM7
CmM7
Minor major seventh ninth [mM7(9)]
1 - 2 - b3 - (5) - 7
CmM7(9)
CmM7(9)
Minor seventh flatted fifth [m7b5]
1 - b3 - b5 - b7
Cm7b5
Cm7b5
Minor major seventh flatted fifth [mM7b5]
1 - b3 - b5 - 7
CmM7b5
CmM7b5
Diminished [dim]
1 - b3 - b5
Cdim
Cdim
Diminished seventh [dim7]
1 - b3 - b5 - 6
Cdim7
Cdim7
Seventh [7]
1 - 3 - (5) - b7 or
1 - (3) - 5 - b7
C7
C7
Seventh flatted ninth [7(b9)]
1 - b2 - 3 - (5) - b7
C7(b9)
C7(b9)
Seventh add flatted thirteenth [7(b13)]
1 - 3 - 5 - b6 - b7
C7(b13)
C7(b13)
Seventh ninth [7(9)]
1 - 2 - 3 - (5) - b7
C7(9)
C7(9)
Seventh add sharp eleventh [7(#11)]
1 - (2) - 3 - #4 - 5 - b7 or
1 - 2 - 3 - #4 - (5) - b7
C7(#11)
C7(#11)
Seventh add thirteenth [7(13)]
1 - 3 - (5) - 6 - b7
C7(13)
C7(13)
Seventh sharp ninth [7(#9)]
1 - #2 - 3 - (5) - b7
C7(#9)
C7(#9)
Seventh flatted fifth [7b5]
1 - 3 - b5 - b7
C7b5
C7b5
Seventh augmented [7aug]
1 - 3 - #5 - b7
C7aug
C7aug
Seventh suspended fourth [7sus4]
1 - 4 - (5) - b7
C7sus4
C7sus4
One plus two plus five [1+2+5]
1-2-5
C1+2+5
C
• Notes in parentheses can be
omitted.
• If you play any three
adjacent keys (including
black keys), the chord sound
will be cancelled and only
the rhythm instruments will
continue playing (CHORD
CANCEL function).
• Playing a single key or two
same root keys in the
adjacent octaves produces
accompaniment based only
on the root.
• A perfect fifth (1 + 5)
produces accompaniment
based only on the root and
fifth which can be used with
both major and minor
chords.
• The chord fingerings listed
are all in “root” position, but
other inversions can be used
— with the following
exceptions:
m7, m7b5, 6, m6, sus4,
aug, dim7, 7b5, 6(9),
m7(11), 1+2+5.
• Inversion of the 7sus4 chord
are not recognized if the 5th
is omitted.
• The AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT will sometimes not
change when related chords
are played in sequence (e.g.
some minor chords followed
by the minor seventh).
• Two-note fingerings will
produce a chord based on
the previously played chord.
37
39
Auto Accompaniment
The Fingered 2 mode
FingerMode=F2
This is essentially the same as the Fingered 1 mode, described above, except that the
Fingered 2 mode additionally allows you to specify the lowest note of each chord —
simply, the lowest note played in the Auto accompaniment section of the keyboard is
used as the accompaniment bass note. This means you can specify “on-bass” chords in
which the main bass note for the chord is not the root of the chord. For a C major
chord, for example, you could use E (the third) or G (the fifth) as the bass note rather
than C.
C
C on E
C on G
The Full Keyboard mode
FingerMode=Full
When the Full Keyboard Mode is selected, the PSR-540 will automatically create
appropriate accompaniment while you play just about anything using both hands,
anywhere on the keyboard. You do not have to worry about specifying the accompaniment chords. The name of the detected chord will appear in the display.
• When the Full Keyboard
mode is selected, the split
point setting (see below) for
the auto accompaniment will
be ignored.
The Multi Finger mode
FingerMode=Multi
This is the default accompaniment mode. The Multi Finger mode automatically detects
Single Finger or Fingered 1 chord fingerings, so you can use either type of fingering
without having to switch fingering modes.
• If you want to play minor,
seventh or minor seventh
chords using the Single
Finger operation in the Multi
Finger Mode, always press
the closest white/black key(s)
to the root of the chord.
Accompaniment Split Point
The point on the keyboard that separates the auto accompaniment section and the righthand section of the keyboard is called the “split point”.
The initial setting (factory setting) of the split point is “F#2”; however, this can be set
to any key you wish. Refer to page 118 for instructions on how to set the split point.
Split Point (F#2)
Auto Accompaniment
section
40
38
Auto Accompaniment
Synchro Stop
When the Synchro Stop function is engaged, accompaniment playback will stop
completely when all keys in the auto-accompaniment section of the keyboard are
released. Accompaniment playback will start again as soon as a chord is played. The
BEAT indicators in the display will flash while the accompaniment is stopped.
1
2
3
4
5
Turn AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT on (page 33).
• Synchro Stop cannot be set
to on when the fingering
mode is set to Full Keyboard
or the auto accompaniment
on the panel is set to off.
Also, Synchro Stop
automatically turns off when
Full Keyboard is selected for
the fingering mode or when
the auto accompaniment on
the panel is turned off.
Turn SYNCHRONIZED START on (page 33).
• [SYNC STOP] is the
abbreviation of [SYNCHRO
STOP].
Press the [STYLE] button.
Turn SYNCHRONIZED STOP on.
Press the [SYNC STOP] button.
As soon as you play a chord with your left hand, the auto
accompaniment starts.
For this example, play a C major chord (as shown below).
Split Point
6
7
Auto Accompaniment
section
The auto accompaniment stops
when you release your left hand from
the keys.
Playing a chord with your left hand automatically restarts the
auto accompaniment.
To stop the auto accompaniment, simply release your left hand from the
keyboard.
8
Turn SYNCHRONIZED STOP off.
Press the [SYNC STOP] button.
When Synchronized Stop is off, the auto accompaniment does not stop when
you release your left hand from the keys.
9
Stop the accompaniment (page 33).
39
41
Auto Accompaniment
One Touch Setting
One Touch Setting is a powerful and convenient function that lets you instantly
reconfigure virtually all auto-accompaniment-related panel settings with the touch of a
single button.
1
2
3
Press the round One Touch Setting button to call up the One
Touch Setting function.
Press one of the [ONE TOUCH SETTING] buttons [1]-[4].
Steps #3 - #4 of “Using Auto Accompaniment (all tracks)” (page 33) can be set
with just a single press of a [ONE TOUCH SETTING] button. In addition,
various panel settings (such as voices, effects, etc.) that match the selected style
can be instantly recalled with just a single button press (see below).
• You can also try changing
the established One Touch
Setting data, making your
own original settings. To be
able to recall your original
settings anytime, save them
using the Registration
Memory function (page 54).
• When a User style (number
107-109) is selected, the
One Touch Setting cannot be
used.
As soon as you play a chord with your left hand, the auto
accompaniment starts.
For this example, play a C major chord (as shown below).
Split Point
4
Auto Accompaniment
section
Stop the accompaniment.
One Touch Setting parameter list
The PSR-540 features four different One Touch Settings for each of the 106 auto
accompaniment styles built into the instrument. Each has been specially programmed
to match the selected style; each has the best suited voice (or combination of voices),
digital effects and other settings for that style. Simply pressing one of the [ONE
TOUCH SETTING] buttons lets you instantly reconfigure all relevant settings,
conveniently allowing you to start playing in a desired style with all the appropriate
sounds — without having to make each setting one by one.
• Part on/off (VOICE R1, R2) .............................................................................. page 29
• Voice Change setting (VOICE R1, R2) ............................................................ page 75
• Mixer setting (VOICE R1, R2) .......................................................................... page 76
• Parameter Edit setting (VOICE R1, R2) ........................................................... page 77
• Auto accompaniment = ON .............................................................................. page 33
• Accompaniment track = ON ............................................................................. page 37
• Synchro Start = ON* ........................................................................................ page 33
• HARMONY/ECHO on/off, type, volume, part ................................................... page 50
• DSP on/off, type, return level and FAST/SLOW ............................................... page 49
• Multi Pad bank number .................................................................................... page 44
• Part Octave (VOICE R1, R2) ........................................................................... page 119
* Set only when the accompaniment is not playing.
42
40
The Multi Pads
The PSR-540 Multi Pads can be used to play a number of short pre-recorded rhythmic and melodic
sequences that can be used to add impact and variety to your keyboard performances. You can also
record your own Multi Pad phrases as described in “Multi Pad Recording” on page 92.
Some pad phrases simply play back as programmed, while others are “chord match” types which, if the
Chord Match function is turned on, are automatically transposed to match chords played using the PSR540 auto accompaniment feature.
• Playing the Multi Pads .................................... page 43
• Chord Match ................................................... page 43
• Selecting a Multi Pad Bank ............................. page 44
• Turning the Chord Match On/Off ..................... page 44
36 banks
Playing the Multi Pads
Press any of the Multi Pads.
• Simply tap any of the Multi
Pads at any time to play back
the corresponding phrase at
the currently set tempo.
The corresponding phrase (in this case, for Pad 1) starts playing back in its
entirety as soon as the pad is pressed. To stop playback in the middle of the
phrase, press the [STOP] button.
• You can even play two, three
or four Multi Pads at the
same time.
• Pressing the pad during its
playback will stop playing
and begin playing from the
top again.
Chord Match
1
2
3
Press the [STYLE] button.
Turn AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT on (page 33).
Play a chord with your left hand.
For this example, play an F major chord (as shown below).
Split Point
4
Auto Accompaniment
section
Press any of the Multi Pads.
• The chord match on/off
status depends on the
selected Multi Pad. Refer to
the Multi Pad Bank list (page
45).
In this example, the phrase for Pad 1 will be transposed into F major before
playing back. Try playing other chords and pressing the pads.
41
43
The Multi Pads
Selecting a Multi Pad Bank
1
Press the [FUNCTION] button.
2
Select “Multi Pad.”
VOICE LR12
STYLE
SONG
FUNCTION
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
F1 Multi Pad
3
Press the [NEXT] button to display the MULTI PAD BANK
screen.
Bank=01 Fanfare
4
Select a Bank.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the number buttons
[1]-[0].
Turning Chord Match On/Off
1-3
4
Use the same operation as in “Selecting a Multi Pad
Bank” above.
Press the [NEXT] button again.
C.Match Pad1=On
5
• The chord match on/off
setting is restored to its
original status whenever a
preset Multi Pad Bank is
selected.
Select the desired PAD.
Use the [NEXT]/[BACK] button.
C.Match Pad2=On
6
• The chord match function
has no effect with pads that
contain percussion phrases.
• When the chord match on/off
status of a user Multi Pad
Bank (see above) is
changed, the new status is
recorded with the Multi Pad
data.
Turn the CHORD MATCH function on or off.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
44
42
The Multi Pads
● Multi Pad Bank List
Bank name
Fanfare
Crystal
Gothic_V
TechSyn1
TechSyn2
TechSyn3
TechSyn4
PianoSeq
OrcheHit
Traffic
Chirp
HorrorSE
Noises
WaterSE
AnalogKit
TechKit
RockKit
TomFlam
LatinPerc1
LatinPerc2
Brassy1
Brassy2
Swingy
SynBrass
GuitarPlay1
GuitarPlay2
GuitarPlay3
GuitarPlay4
PianoMan
SalsaPiano
SambaShow
Accordion
Arpeggio
Classic
Twinkle
TimbalesRoll
Pad1
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
–
O
O
O
O
–
Chord Match
Pad2
Pad3
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
–
O
–
O
O
O
O
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
–
–
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
–
–
Pad4
–
O
O
O
O
–
–
O
O
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
–
O
O
O
O
–
Pad1
–
–
–
O
O
O
O
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
O
–
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
–
–
–
–
–
Repeat
Pad2
Pad3
–
–
–
–
–
–
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
O
O
–
–
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Pad4
–
–
–
O
O
O
O
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
O
–
O
O
O
O
–
O
O
–
–
–
–
–
• There are two types of Multi
Pad data: some of the data
will be played back once and
stop when it reaches to the
end. Others will be played
back repeatedly until you
press the [STOP] button.
O : available
43
45
Digital Effects
With the digital effects built into the PSR-540 you can add ambiance and depth to your music in a variety
of ways—such as adding reverb that makes you sound like you are playing in a concert hall or adding
harmony notes for a full, rich sound.
● Reverb ....................................................................................................... page 46
You can create a reverb effect that makes you sound like you are playing in
places like a concert hall, or live in a club.
Reverb is always set to on for the PSR-540. A total of 24 different reverb types
are available.
• For details about using
Digital Effects (Reverb,
Chorus, DSP) (page 131).
● Chorus ....................................................................................................... page 48
You can add a chorus effect that makes your playing sound as though multiple
parts were being played together at the same time.
Chorus is always set to on for the PSR-540. A total of 16 different chorus types
are available.
● DSP ............................................................................................................ page 49
In addition to the Reverb and Chorus
types, the PSR-540 has special DSP
effects, that include additional effects
DSP(FAST)
usually used for a specific part, such as
distortion and tremolo.
SUSTAIN
A total of 74 DSP types are available.
The PSR-540 features one DSP system,
which can be turned on or off by a panel
button (page 49). The [FAST/SLOW]
button can switch between variations of the DSP effect. For example, this lets
you change the rotating speed (fast/slow) of the rotary speaker effect.
● Harmony/Echo .......................................................................................... page 50
You can add a variety of harmony notes
to your playing in the right-hand section
DSP(FAST)
(page 29), as well as adding tremolo or
other effects.
SUSTAIN
TOUCH
HARMONY
TOUCH
HARMONY
Reverb
Selecting a reverb type
1
Press the [FUNCTION] button.
2
Select “Digital Effect”.
VOICE LR12
STYLE
SONG
FUNCTION
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
F3 DigitalEffect
46
44
Digital Effects
3
4
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Digital Effect screen.
Select “Reverb”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Effect =Reverb
5
Press the [NEXT] button.
Type=Hall3
6
Select a reverb type.
7
Play the keyboard.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Refer to the Reverb Type List (page 132).
• When you select a different
style, the appropriate reverb
type will be selected
accordingly.
Try out some of the other reverb types as well.
Adjust the depth of the reverb.
The two parameters below affect the depth of the reverb.
● Reverb Depth (send level) .................................................................................... page 74
Sets the reverb depth for the specified voice or track, and thus the amount of reverb effect
applied to that voice or track.
● Reverb Return Level .......................................................................................... see below
Sets the amount of reverb returned from the reverb effect stage, thus making it possible to
adjust the degree of reverb effect applied to the overall sound.
8
Press the [NEXT] button.
Return Level= 64
9
Adjust the reverb return level.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the number buttons
[1]-[0].
The range is from 0 to 127. The higher the value, the greater the return level.
Return Level= 81
45
47
Digital Effects
Chorus
Selecting a Chorus Type
1-3
4
Use the same operation as in “Reverb” (page 46).
Select “Chorus”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Effect =Chorus
5
Press the [NEXT] button.
Type=Chorus2
6
Select a chorus type.
7
Play the keyboard.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Refer to the Chorus Type List (page 132).
• When you select a different
style, the appropriate chorus
type will be selected
accordingly.
Try out some of the other chorus types as well.
Adjust the depth of the chorus.
The two parameters below affect the depth of the chorus effect.
● Chorus Depth (send level) .................................................................................... page 74
Sets the chorus depth for the specified voice or track, and thus the amount of chorus
effect applied to that voice or track.
● Chorus Return Level .......................................................................................... see below
Sets the amount of chorus effect returned from the chorus effect stage, thus making it
possible to adjust the degree of chorus effect applied to the overall sound.
8
Press the [NEXT] button.
Return Level= 64
9
Adjust the chorus return level.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the number buttons
[1]-[0].
The range is from 0 to 127. The higher the value, the greater the return level.
48
46
Digital Effects
DSP
Applying the DSP effect
Press the [DSP] button.
DSP(FAST)
TOUCH
The DSP icon will light up and the
HARMONY
SUSTAIN
DSP effect will be turned on.
The effect will be applied when
you play the R1, R2 and L voices from the keyboard.
In addition, when the [FAST/SLOW] button is pressed, the FAST icon lights up
indicating that the variation of the DSP effect is selected. When the DSP effect
type is Rotary Speaker or Tremolo, the speed of the modulation becomes fast.
• When the Voice Set function
is ON (page 120), the DSP
effect and FAST/SLOW
settings may change
according to the selected R1
panel voice.
Selecting a DSP Type
1-3
4
5
Use the same operation as in “Reverb” (page 46).
Select “Dsp”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Press the [NEXT] button.
6
7
Type=Stage2
Select a DSP type.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Refer to the DSP Type List (page 132).
• When the selected DSP type
is an Insertion Effect (pages
49, 132), the DSP effect
applies only to the Voice R1.
Play the keyboard.
Try out some of the other DSP types as well.
Adjust the depth of the DSP.
The two parameters below affect the depth of the DSP effect.
● DSP Depth (Send level) ......................................................................................... page 74
Sets the DSP depth for the specified voice or track, and thus the amount of DSP effect
applied to that voice or track.
● DSP Return Level ............................................................................................... see below
Sets the amount of DSP effect returned from the DSP effect stage, thus making it
possible to adjust the degree of DSP effect applied to the overall sound.
8
Press the [NEXT] button.
9
Adjust the DSP return level.
• If DSP Insertion Effect is
selected (page 50), you
won’t be able to set the DSP
Return Level.
Return Level= 64
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the number buttons
[1]-[0].
The range is from 0 to 127. The higher the value, the greater the return level.
47
49
Digital Effects
System Effects and Insertion Effects
The reverb, chorus and DSP effects are divided into two different types or methods or
operation.
There are two types of digital effects: system effects and insertion effects.
● System Effects
Applies the effect to all of the parts input to the mixer. You can set the amount of effect
applied with the depth and return level parameters. Reverb and chorus are both system
effects.
● Insertion Effects
Applies the effect to only one designated part before inputting the signal to the mixer. You
can effectively use the digital effects by applying the desired effect to the specific part.
With the insertion effects, only the DSP depth can be set.
The illustration below with the various audio components (instruments, effect devices
and a mixer) represents the inner workings of the DSP effects of the PSR-540.
Insertion Effect
System Effect
SEND
(Depth)
RETURN
Amplifier
Mixer
Speaker
● Reverb ...... All types function as system effects.
● Chorus ...... All types function as system effects.
● DSP .......... Depending on the selected type, this functions either as a system effect
or an insertion effect.
Refer to “About Digital Effects” (page 131) and the Type List.
Harmony/Echo
Selecting a Harmony/Echo type
1
2
Press the [FUNCTION] button.
VOICE LR12
STYLE
SONG
FUNCTION
Select “DigitalEffect”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
F3 DigitalEffect
3
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Digital Effect screen.
50
48
Digital Effects
4
Select “Harmony”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Effect =Harmony
5
Press the [NEXT] button.
Type=Duet
6
Select a Harmony/Echo type.
• When the Voice Set function
is ON (page 120), the
Harmony/Echo type may
change according to the
selected R1 panel voice.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Refer to the Harmony/Echo Type List (page 133).
Applying the Harmony/Echo effect
1
2
3
Press the [STYLE] button.
Turn AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT on (page 33).
Play a chord with your left hand.
For this example, play a C major chord.
Split Point
CHORD
119
dim 6 513
mM 7augsus4
4
5
Auto Accompaniment
section
Press the [HARMONY/ECHO] button.
DSP(FAST)
TOUCH
SUSTAIN
HARMONY
Play some notes in the right-hand range of
the keyboard.
● When a Harmony type (Duet through Strum) is selected
This type automatically add one or more harmony notes to a single-note melody
played in the right hand.
● When an Echo type is selected
An echo effect is applied to the note played on the keyboard at the currently set
tempo.
Steps #1 - #3 above are unnecessary for this type.
• Harmony/Echo cannot be
turned on when the Full
Keyboard (page 40) is
selected. Harmony/Echo will
be automatically turned off if
the Full Keyboard fingering
mode is selected while the
Harmony/Echo effect is on.
● When a Tremolo type is selected
A tremolo effect is applied to the note played on the keyboard at the currently set
tempo.
Steps #1 - #3 above are unnecessary for this type.
● When a Trill type is selected
Two notes held on the keyboard are played alternately at the currently set tempo.
Steps #1 - #3 above are unnecessary for this type.
49
51
Digital Effects
Adjusting the Harmony/Echo volume
The volume of the Harmony/Echo sound in relation to the keyboard sound can be
adjusted as follows:
1-4
Use the same operation as in “Selecting a Harmony/Echo
Type” (page 50).
Effect =Harmony
5
6
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Type Selection screen.
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Harmony/Echo Volume
screen.
• When the Voice Set function
is on (page 120), the
Harmony/Echo Volume may
change according to the
selected R1 panel voice.
• Changing the volume of the
harmony sound may not
produce audible effect for
some R1 voices (ex. organ
sounds) when you select
Harmony types “Duet”
through “Strum”.
Harmony Vol =120
7
Adjust the Harmony/Echo volume.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the number buttons
[1]-[0].
The volume range is from 0 (no sound) to 127 (maximum volume).
Harmony Vol =113
52
50
Digital Effects
Changing the Part for the Harmony/Echo effect
This allows you to select the part which is used for the Harmony/Echo effect.
1-4
Use the same operation as in “Selecting a Harmony/Echo
Type” (page 50).
Effect =Harmony
5
6
7
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Type Selection screen.
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Harmony Volume
screen.
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Harmony Part setting
screen.
H.Part =Auto
8
Set the part.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
● Auto .......... Harmony/Echo notes are automatically assigned to the R1 and R2
parts, in that order or priority.
● R1 ............. Harmony/Echo is only applied to the Voice R1.
If Voice R1 is off, there will be no Harmony/Echo effect.
● R2 ............. Harmony/Echo is only applied to the Voice R2.
If Voice R2 is off, there will be no Harmony/Echo effect.
• When the Voice Set function
is on (page 120), the
Harmony/Echo part setting
may change according to the
selected R1 panel voice.
51
53
Registration Memory
Since the PSR-540 is such a sophisticated instrument with such a variety of controls and functions —
voice, style, auto accompaniment and effect settings, just to name a few — the Registration Memory
feature is one of the most convenient and powerful of the instrument. It allows you save virtually all panel
settings to a Registration Memory setting, and then instantly recall your custom panel settings by pressing a single button.
Registration Memory provides up to 128 complete control-panel setups (32 banks, 4 setups each) that
can be recalled instatly during your performance.
32 banks
• The PSR-540’s initial
Registration Memory [1]–[4]
settings (when it shipped
from the factory) are the
same panel settings as when
the STANDBY switch is first
turned on.
• Registering the Panel Settings .................................................................... page 55
• Recalling the Registered Panel Settings ..................................................... page 55
• Selecting a Registration Bank ..................................................................... page 56
• Naming the Registration Banks ................................................................... page 56
Data stored by the Registration Memory
■ VOICE PARAMETERS
• Part on/off (VOICE R1, R2, L) ..................................................................... page 29
• Voice Change setting (VOICE R1, R2, L) .................................................... page 75
• Mixer setting (VOICE R1, R2, L) .................................................................. page 76
• Parameter Edit setting (VOICE R1, R2, L) .................................................. page 77
• Touch Sensitivity ........................................................................................ page 120
• DSP on/off, FAST/SLOW on/off, DSP Type and Return Level ..................... page 49
• HARMONY/ECHO on/off, type, volume, part .............................................. page 50
• TOUCH on/off ............................................................................................ page 120
• SUSTAIN on/off ........................................................................................... page 30
• Pitch Bend Range ...................................................................................... page 122
• Scale Tuning .............................................................................................. page 119
• Footswitch function .................................................................................... page 121
• Transpose .................................................................................................... page 30
• Part Octave setting .................................................................................... page 119
• Material recorded data is
retained in memory even
when the STANDBY switch is
turned off if batteries are
installed or an AC adaptor is
connected (page 135). It is
nevertheless a good idea to
save important data to floppy
disk so that you can keep
them indefinitely and build up
your own data library (page
60).
■ ACCOMPANIMENT PARAMETERS
• Auto Accompaniment on/off ........................................................................ page 33
• Style number ............................................................................................... page 32
• Main A/B section .......................................................................................... page 34
• Tempo .......................................................................................................... page 36
• Fingering mode ............................................................................................ page 38
• Split Point ................................................................................................... page 119
• Accompaniment Volume .............................................................................. page 37
• Track on/off setting ...................................................................................... page 37
• Voice Change setting ................................................................................... page 75
• Mixer setting ................................................................................................ page 75
• Parameter Edit setting ................................................................................. page 77
• Multi Pad Bank number, Chord Match on/off ............................................... page 43
• Reverb setting .............................................................................................. page 46
• Chorus setting ............................................................................................. page 48
Registration Memory data can be saved to and loaded from floppy disk as needed (page 57).
54
52
Registration Memory
Registering the Panel Settings
1
2
Set up the panel controls as required.
Press the round Registration Memory button to call up the
Registration Memory function.
• Any data that was previously
recorded in the Registration
Memory location you
selected will be erased and
replaced by the new settings.
• The Registration Memory
contents will be retained
even after turning the power
off. See page 135 for details.
3
While holding the [MEMORY] button, press one of the REGISTRATION MEMORY buttons: [1] through [4].
In this example, the panel settings are memorized to button number 3.
Recalling the Registered Panel Settings
Press one of the REGISTRATION MEMORY buttons: [1]
through [4].
In this example, the panel settings memorized to button number 3 are recalled.
The Accompaniment Freeze function
When the FREEZE function is engaged, selecting a different Registration Memory
setup will not change any of the accompaniment and Voice L parameters (all other
parameters will change as programmed). This allows you to use the auto accompaniment and select different Registration Memory setups, without suddenly disturbing the
flow of the accompaniment.
1
2
Press the [FREEZE] button.
The [FREEZE] lamp lights.
Press one of the REGISTRATION MEMORY buttons: [1]
through [4].
• Registration data cannot be
recalled when the One Touch
Setting function is on.
• Some parameters cannot be
recalled depending on the
selected mode. For example,
you cannot recall the Voice
R2/L voices in the Style
Record mode and Pad
Record mode even if you
press the Registration
Memory buttons, since only
the Voice R1 voice is used in
those modes.
• For details about Accompaniment parameters (page
54).
• The Freeze function will
automatically be turned on
when one of the following
modes, Song, Style Record
or Pad Record is engaged.
In this example, only the voice parameter (other than Voice L) settings memorized to button number 3 are recalled.
53
55
Registration Memory
Selecting a Registration Bank
1
Press the [FUNCTION] button.
2
Select “Regist Memory”.
VOICE LR12
STYLE
SONG
FUNCTION
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
F2 Regist Memory
3
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Registration Memory
Bank screen.
Bank=01 Regist01
4
Select a bank.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the number buttons
[1]-[0].
Naming the Registration Banks
1-3
Use the same operation as in “Selecting a Registration
Bank” (see above).
Bank=01 Regist01
4
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Name screen.
R.Name =Regist01
5
Enter the desired name for the bank.
Use the keyboard to enter the name (page 21).
Up to eight letters or characters can be used.
56
54
Disk Operations
Built into the PSR-540 is a disk drive. Simply insert a floppy disk and you’ve got access to a wide variety
of convenient functions, such as recording and playback of User songs (page 78), as well as saving and
loading of User styles (page 96), User pads (page 92) and Registration Memory data (page 54).
You can save any number of User styles, pads and registration data to floppy disks, create your own
song libraries or find many other ways to make playing and using the PSR-540 more efficient.
● The PSR-540 is capable of playing back songs contained on the included sample
disk, as well as commercially available song data in the following formats,
indicated by the corresponding logos (page 9):
You can play back song files collected on these disks using the
voices defined in the GM standard.
You can play back songs using the XG format, an extension of the
GM standardthat allows for much higher sound quality.
• Refer to page 9 for more
details on the logos.
You can play back song files collected on these disks using the
voices defined in Yamaha’s DOC format.
● The PSR-540 is compatible with style data contained on the included sample
disk, as well as commercially available disk styles in the following format,
indicated by the corresponding logo (page 9):
You can load and play with the style files collected on these disks.
● You can record your own performances to User songs and play them back (page
78).
User Song
Record
(Direct save)
Floppy
Disk
• It may not be possible to
record the full 60 files to a
disk, depending on the
length of the recorded files.
Playback
(Direct read)
Maximum of 60 files
can be saved.
● The PSR-540 features special User style, User pad and Registration Memory
functions. The data recorded with these functions can also be saved to disk
individually or in any combination. Likewise, data (files) saved to disks can be
loaded individually or in any combination to the PSR-540.
User Style
User Pad
Registration Memory
Save
Save or load individually
or gathered together
Load
• The maximum number of
files may vary according to
the type and volume of the
saved files (page 61).
Floppy
Disk
Up to 32 All type files (page 61)
can be recorded on a 2HD disk.
Up to 13 All type files can be
recorded on a 2DD disk.
User data compatible with the PSR-540 is indicated in the chart below.
● Data that can be Saved or Loaded with the PSR-540
Data Type
Extension
Save
User song
(Standard MIDI format0)
.MID
–
User style
(Style file format)
.USR
O
User pad
.USR
O
Registration Memory
.USR
O
● Other disk functions include:
• Format ............................................................... page 60
• Song Copy ......................................................... page 64
• Delete ................................................................ page 67
Load
–
O
O
O
• When saving data, use a
floppy disk formatted on the
PSR-540.
• The three letters following
the file name (after the
period) are referred to as a
file “extension”. The
extension indicates the type
of file.
• Since the user songs are
directly recorded to the disk
as you play during recording
and read from the disk
during playback, the Save/
Load functions are not
available. The Copy and
Delete File operations
related to the user songs can
be executed.
55
57
Disk Operations
Using the Floppy Disk Drive (FDD) and Floppy Disks
Be sure to handle floppy disks and treat the disk drive with
care. Follow the important precautions below.
■ Compatible Disk Type
3.5" 2DD and 2HD type floppy disks can be used.
■ Inserting/Ejecting Floppy Disks
● To insert a floppy disk into the disk drive:
• Hold the disk so that the label of the disk is facing
upward and the sliding
shutter is facing forward,
towards the disk slot.
Carefully insert the disk
into the slot, slowly
pushing it all the way in
until it clicks into place
and the eject button pops
out.
• When the PSR-540 is turned on, the LED below the floppy disk
slot will be lit indicating that the Disk Drive is ready to use.
● To eject a floppy disk:
• Before ejecting the disk, be sure to confirm that the
FDD is stopped (check if the DISK IN USE lamp is
off). Press the eject button slowly as far as it will go;
the disk will automatically pop out. When the disk is
fully ejected, carefully remove it by hand.
DISK IN USE
This lamp lights
during disk read/
write operations,
such as when a
disk has been
inserted, during
recording,
playback,
formatting, etc.
This lamp is always on
when the power is on,
regardless of the disk
operation.
• If the eject button is pressed too quickly, or if it is not
pressed in as far as it will go, the disk may not eject
properly. The eject button may become stuck in a
half-pressed position with the disk extending from
the drive slot by only a few millimeters. If this
happens, do not attempt to pull out the partially
ejected disk, since using force in this situation can
damage the disk drive mechanism or the floppy disk.
To remove a partially ejected disk, try pressing the
eject button once again or push the disk back into
the slot and then repeat the eject procedure.
● Never attempt to remove the disk or turn the power off
during recording, reading and playing back. Doing so
can damage the disk and possibly the disk drive.
● Be sure to remove the floppy disk from the disk drive
before turning off the power. A floppy disk left in the
drive for extended periods can easily pick up dust and
dirt that can cause data read and write errors.
■ Cleaning the Disk Drive Read/Write Head
● Clean the read/write head regularly. This instrument
employs a precision magnetic read/write head which,
after an extended period of use, will pick up a layer of
magnetic particles from the disks used that will
eventually cause read and write errors.
● To maintain the disk drive in optimum working order
Yamaha recommends that you use a commerciallyavailable dry-type head cleaning disk to clean the head
about once a month. Ask your Yamaha dealer about
the availability of proper head-cleaning disks.
● Never insert anything but floppy disks into the disk
drive. Other objects may cause damage to the disk
drive or floppy disks.
■ About the Floppy Disks
● To handle floppy disks with care:
• Do not place heavy objects on a disk or bend or
apply pressure to the disk in any way. Always keep
floppy disks in their protective cases when they are
not in use.
• Do not expose the disk to direct sunlight, extremely
high or low temperatures, or excessive humidity, dust
or liquids.
• Do not open the sliding shutter and touch the
exposed surface of the floppy disk inside.
• Do not expose the disk to magnetic fields, such as
those produced by televisions, speakers, motors,
etc., since magnetic fields can partially or completely
erase data on the disk, rendering it unreadable.
• Never use a floppy disk with a deformed shutter or
housing.
• Do not attach anything other than the provided
labels to a floppy disk. Also make sure that labels
are attached in the proper location.
● To protect your data (write-protect tab):
• To prevent accidental erasure of important data,
slide the disk’s write-protect tab to the “protect”
position (tab open).
Write protect tab
ON (locked or
write protected)
Write protect tab
OFF (unlocked or
write enabled)
● Data backup
• For maximum data security Yamaha recommends
that you keep two copies of important data on
separate floppy disks. This gives you a backup if one
disk is lost or damaged.
58
56
Disk Operations
Sample Disk
Disk song playback
1
Insert the sample disk into the disk drive.
• If a disk has already been
inserted into the drive, press
the [SONG] button to call up
the Song display.
001 CLUB_ XG
CHORD
119
dim 6 513
mM 7augsus4
2
NEXT
BACK
START/STOP KEYBOARD
TRACK(1~16)
PART DIAL
EASY
NAVIGATOR
0~9
/YES
VOICE LR12
STYLE
SONG
FUNCTION
Select the desired song.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the number buttons
[1]-[0].
002 TECHNO
3
Press the [START/STOP] button to start the song.
002 TECHNO
CHORD
119
dim 6 513
mM 7augsus4
TRANSPOSE
4
NEXT
BACK
START/STOP KEYBOARD
REGISTRATION
EASY
NAVIGATOR
MEASURE
TEMPO
0~9
/YES
TRACK(1~16)
PART DIAL
BEAT
VOICE LR12
STYLE
SONG
FUNCTION
DSP(FAST)
TOUCH
SUSTAIN
HARMONY
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Press the [START/STOP] button again to stop the song.
For details, see “Song Playback” (page 68).
57
59
Disk Operations
Format
Setting up commercially available floppy disks for use with PSR-540 is called formatting.
This function is useful for quickly deleting unnecessary files from an already formatted
disk. Be careful when using this operation, since it automatically deletes all data on
the disk.
1
2
3
• After formatting, the capacity
of a 2HD disk is 1 MB and
that of a 2DD disk is 720 KB.
Insert the floppy disk into the disk drive.
When a (new) blank disk or an incompatible disk is inserted “Unformatted”
will be displayed on the screen. In this case, press the [EXIT] button to show
“Format OK?” and then simply follow the procedure 5 below.
Press the [UTILITY] button.
Select “Format”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
• When the floppy disk’s writeprotect tab is set to ON
(page 58) or the disk is a
purposely “copy-protected”
disk, an alert message
appears indicating that the
Format function is not
possible.
Menu=Format
4
CAUTION
Press the [NEXT] button to display the FORMAT operation
screen.
Format OK?
5
• If data is already saved on
the disk, be careful not to
format it. If you format the
disk, all the previously
recorded data will be
deleted.
• While formatting is in
progress, never eject the
disk or turn off the power
to the PSR-540.
Execute the Format operation.
Press the [+/YES] button to execute the Format operation.
Press the [-/NO] button to abort the Format operation.
Executing
• If a disk that cannot be
read by the PSR-540 is
inserted into the disk
drive, it will be treated the
same as an unformatted
floppy disk. Take care not
to erase important data by
accidentally formatting a
disk.
49%
The Format operation is completed...
Completed
Save
You can save PSR-540 User styles, User pad (banks 37-40) and Registration Memory
data (banks 01-16) to floppy disks.
1
2
Insert the floppy disk into the disk drive.
Press the [SAVE] button.
• When the floppy disk’s writeprotect tab is set to ON
(page 58) or the disk is a
purposely “copy-protected”
disk, an alert message
appears indicating that the
Save function is not possible.
Sv Type=All
60
58
Disk Operations
3
Select the file type.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Refer to the file type list below:
All
Sty + Reg
Style
Multi Pad
Regist
4
5
Save all User Style (107-109), User Pad (bank 37-40), Registration Memory (bank 01-32) and all setup data into one single file.
Save all User Style (107-109) and Registration Memory (bank 0132) data gathered together into one single file.
Save all User Style (107-109) data gathered together into one
single file.
Save all User Pad (bank 37-40) data gathered together into one
single file.
Save all Registration Memory (bank 01-32) data gathered
together into one single file.
• Although all User Style, User
Pad and Registration
Memory data can be saved
together into one single file,
the data can be recalled
individually when loaded
back into the PSR-540.
Press the [NEXT] button to display the FILE SELECT screen.
Select the destination file.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Select NEW when creating a new file.
• If you’ve selected a file that
already contains data and
you rename the file with the
intent of overwriting the data,
renaming the file will simply
copy that data to the new file
name and leave the original
data and file name intact.
Sv =NEW
6
7
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Name screen.
Enter the file name directly from the keyboard (page 21).
Sv Name=UF_00002
8
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Save operation
screen.
Save OK?
9
Execute the Save operation.
Press the [+/YES] button to execute the Save operation.
Press the [-/NO] button to abort the Save operation.
Executing
CAUTION
• While data is being saved,
never eject the floppy disk
or turn off power to the
PSR-540.
• If there isn’t enough space
on the disk, an alert
message appears and you
will not be able to save any
data. You can delete
unneeded files on the disk
(page 67), or replace the
disk with a new one and
repeat the Save operation.
• If a write error occurs during
a save operation, an alert
message appears. If the
error reoccurs after repeating
the Save operation, there
could be something wrong
with the disk. Insert a
different disk in the drive and
repeat the Save operation.
45%
The Save operation is completed...
Completed
59
61
Disk Operations
Load
After saving User style (107-109), User pad (banks 37-40) and Registration Memory
(bank 01-32) data to a floppy disk, you can reload them into the PSR-540.
1
Insert the floppy disk into the disk drive.
2
Press the [LOAD] button.
3
Select the file to be loaded.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Ld =ABCD
4
5
.USR
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Data Type Selection
screen.
Select the file type (data type) to be loaded.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Ld Type=All
File types that can be loaded
All
Sty + Reg
Style
Multi Pad
Regist
To Step 10
To Step 10
To Step 6
To Step 6
To Step 6
Please follow the steps as indicated in the chart above, since the actual operation differs depending on the selected file type.
62
60
Disk Operations
6
Press the [NEXT] button.
Src=User8BeatPop
7
8
9
Select the data to be loaded.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Press the [NEXT] button to display the destination selection
screen.
Select the destination.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Dst=UserStyle1
10
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Load operation
screen.
Load OK?
11
CAUTION
Execute the Load operation.
Press the [+/YES] button to execute the Load operation.
Press the [-/NO] button to abort the Load operation.
Executing
45%
• When data is loaded from
a floppy disk to the PSR540, the data already in the
memory of the instrument
will be replaced by the
data on the disk. Save
important data into a disk
file before doing the Load
operation.
• While data is loading,
never eject the floppy disk
or turn the power off.
The Load Operation is completed...
Completed
• An alert message may
appear on the display, if a
problem occurs that prevents
the data from being loaded.
(For example, the capacity of
the PSR-540 [RAM] may be
exceeded, something may
be wrong with the floppy
disk, or the data from the
disk may be corrupted, etc.)
61
63
Disk Operations
Song Copy
This operation allows you to make backup copies of your important Song data. Primarily, this will come in handy when you are recording and editing song data. For
example, if you are quantizing the track of a song (page 86) — which makes permanent changes to the track — making a backup copy of the song allows you to restore
the original song data in case you’re not satisfied with the results of the quantization.
Having a dedicated backup disk for every song you work on is a good idea. In this
way, you can save a new copy of the song each time you make an important edit to it.
Copying song data from one floppy disk to another
Prepare a backup disk by formatting it. One file can be copied at a time. As shown in
the illustration below, first copy the desired file on the disk to internal memory, then
copy it to the destination disk.
PSR-540
Internal Memory
copy
Source
copy
• When the destination disk’s
write-protect tab is set to ON
(page 58) or the disk is a
purposely “copy-protected”
disk, an alert message
appears indicating that the
Song Copy function is not
possible.
Destination
If the quantity of data is large, it may be necessary for the data to be copied in parts.
1
2
3
Insert the disk to be copied (source disk) into the disk drive.
Press the [UTILITY] button.
Select “SongCopy”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Menu=SongCopy
4
5
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Copy Type selection
screen.
Select “Another”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
CopyTyp=Another
6
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Song selection
screen.
64
62
Disk Operations
7
Select the source song file.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Src=Song_01
8
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Name screen.
Nam=Song
_
–01
9
10
Cursor
Enter the destination song name directly from the keyboard
(page 21).
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Copy operation
screen.
Copy OK?
11
• If you insert a wrong disk,
different from the source or
destination disk, during the
Copy operation, an alert
message (page 136) will
appear on the display.
Execute the Copy operation.
Press the [+/YES] button to execute the Copy operation.
Press the [-/NO] button to abort the Copy operation.
CAUTION
Executing
20%
Copying the data from the
Source disk to Internal memory
If the quantity
of data is
large, it may
be necessary
for the data to
be copied in
parts.
Insert Dest FD
Insert the
Source disk.
Insert Source FD
Insert the
Destination disk.
Executing
40%
Copying the data from Internal
memory to the Destination disk
If you want to cancel the Copy function in
this step, press the [EXIT] button to
cancel the operation.
While data is being copied, never
eject the floppy disk or turn the
power off.
If you want to cancel the Copy
function in this step, press the [EXIT]
button to cancel the operation.
CAUTION
While data is being copied, never
eject the floppy disk or turn the
power off.
The Copy operation
is completed...
Completed
63
65
Disk Operations
Copying data to another location on the same disk
1-4
5
Use the same operation as in “Copying data from one
floppy disk to another” (page 64).
Select “Same”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
CopyTyp=Same
6
7
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Song selection
screen.
Select the song source file.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Src=Song_01
8
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Name screen.
Nam=Song
_
–01
Cursor
9
10
Enter the destination file name directly from the keyboard
(page 21).
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Copy operation
screen.
Copy OK?
11
Execute the Copy operation.
Press the [+/YES] button to execute the Copy operation.
Press the [-/NO] button to abort the Copy operation.
CAUTION
• While data is being copied,
never eject the floppy disk
or turn the power off.
Executing
49%
The Copy Operation is completed...
Completed
66
64
Disk Operations
Delete
You can delete individual files (User songs, User styles, User pads or Registration Memory) from the floppy disk.
1
2
3
Insert the floppy disk into the disk drive.
• When the floppy disk’s writeprotect tab is set to ON
(page 58) or the disk is a
purposely “copy-protected”
disk, an alert message
appears indicating that the
Delete function is not
possible.
Press the [UTILITY] button.
Select “Delete”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Menu=Delete
4
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Delete screen.
5
Select the file to be deleted.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Del=ABCD
6
.USR
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Delete operation
screen.
Delete OK?
7
Execute the Delete operation.
CAUTION
Press the [+/YES] button to execute the Delete operation.
Press the [-/NO] button to abort the Delete operation.
Executing
• While the file is being
deleted, never eject the
floppy disk or turn the
power off.
49%
The Delete Operation is completed...
Completed
65
67
Disk Song Playback
You can playback a huge variety of songs on the PSR-540, including the preset demo songs, the songs
on the included sample disk, the User songs that you record to a floppy disk and songs on commercially
available XG/GM song collection disks. Except for the preset demo songs, a floppy disk must be inserted
in the disk drive to playback a song.
● The following disks are compatible for playback on the PSR-540 (including the
sample disk). Refer to page 9 for more details on the logos.
You can play back song files collected on these disks using the
voices defined in the GM standard.
You can play back songs using the XG format, an extension of the
GM standardthat allows for much higher sound quality.
You can play back song files collected on these disks using the
voices defined in Yamaha’s DOC format.
● Disk songs can be played back in five different ways: ..................... page 69
• SINGLE
• SINGLE REPEAT
• ALL
• ALL REPEAT
• RANDOM
● Additional song playback functions:
• Song Track Muting ................................................................. page 70
• Tempo/Tap ............................................................................. page 36
• Song Volume Control ............................................................. page 70
• Song Transpose .................................................................... page 73
• Playing from a Specified Measure ......................................... page 71
• Repeat Play ........................................................................... page 72
• Make sure to read the
section “Using the Floppy
Disk Drive (FDD) and
Floppy Disks” on page 58.
• The tempo setting of some
commercially available disk
songs is fixed. These songs
are called “free-tempo
software”. When playing
back free-tempo song data
on the PSR-540, the Tempo
display shows “- - -” and the
beat display does not flash.
Also, the measure number in
the display does not match
the actual measure number
of playback, and only gives
you an indication of how
much of the song has played
back.
The song files on the
included sample disk are
also free-tempo software.
• Since the PSR-540 has a 61key keyboard, certain song
data that uses notes outside
the 61-key range may not
play back as expected.
Song Playback
1
Insert the disk that contains song data into the disk drive.
• If a disk has already been
inserted into the drive, press
the [SONG] button to call up
the Song display.
PSR-540 will automatically switch into Song mode.
001 CLUB_ XG
CHORD
119
dim 6 513
mM 7augsus4
2
NEXT
BACK
START/STOP KEYBOARD
EASY
NAVIGATOR
TRACK(1~16)
PART DIAL
0~9
/YES
VOICE LR12
STYLE
SONG
FUNCTION
• Inserting a disk that does not
contain song data will not
automatically call up the
Song display.
Select the desired song.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the number buttons
[1]-[0].
002 TECHNO
3
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Song Menu screen.
68
66
Disk Song Playback
4
Select “PlyMode”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
S.Menu =PlyMode
5
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Song Play Mode
screen.
PlyMode=Single
6
Select the desired Play mode.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
PlyMode=Single
● Single ................................... Play through the selected song, then stop.
● S.Repeat (Single Repeat) .... Play through the selected song repeatedly.
● All ......................................... Continue playback through all the songs on the floppy
disk.
● A.Repeat (All Repeat) .......... Continue playback through all the songs on the floppy
disk repeatedly.
● Random ................................ Continue playback through all the songs at random.
7
Press the [START/STOP] button to start the song.
002 TECHNO
CHORD
119
dim 6 513
mM 7augsus4
TRANSPOSE
8
NEXT
BACK
START/STOP KEYBOARD
REGISTRATION
EASY
NAVIGATOR
MEASURE
TEMPO
0~9
/YES
TRACK(1~16)
PART DIAL
BEAT
VOICE LR12
STYLE
SONG
FUNCTION
DSP(FAST)
TOUCH
SUSTAIN
HARMONY
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Press the [START/STOP] button again to stop the song.
67
69
Disk Song Playback
Song Track Muting
1
2
Press the [START/STOP] button to start the song.
Press one of the TRACK buttons below the display.
The [M] icon will appear and the selected track will be muted.
TRANSPOSE
REGISTRATION
MEASURE
TEMPO
BEAT
DSP(FAST)
TOUCH
SUSTAIN
HARMONY
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
REC
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
11
Pressing the same track button again enables output of the playback sound.
3
Press the [START/STOP] button again to stop the song.
Song Volume Control
1
2
Press the [START/STOP] to start the song.
Press the [ACMP/SONG] button.
Song Volume =120
CHORD
119
dim 6 513
mM 7augsus4
3
NEXT
BACK
START/STOP KEYBOARD
EASY
NAVIGATOR
TRACK(1~16)
PART DIAL
0~9
/YES
• The volume of the keyboardplayed voice(s) is not
affected by this operation.
VOICE LR12
STYLE
SONG
FUNCTION
Adjust the Song Volume.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the number buttons
[1]-[0].
The range is from 0 to 127.
Song Volume =108
CHORD
119
dim 6 513
mM 7augsus4
4
NEXT
BACK
START/STOP KEYBOARD
EASY
NAVIGATOR
TRACK(1~16)
PART DIAL
0~9
/YES
VOICE LR12
STYLE
SONG
FUNCTION
Press the [START/STOP] button again to stop the song.
70
68
Disk Song Playback
Playing from a Specified Measure
1
2
3
Press the [SONG] button.
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Song Menu screen.
Select “Measure”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
S.Menu =Measure
4
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Song Start Measure
screen.
StartMeasure=
5
1
Specify the measure from which to begin playback.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the number buttons
[1]-[0].
StartMeasure= 12
6
7
Press the [START/STOP] to start the song from the specified
measure.
Press the [START/STOP] button again to stop the song.
69
71
Disk Song Playback
Repeat Play
1
2
3
Press the [SONG] button.
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Song Menu screen.
Select “AbRepeat”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
S.Menu =AbRepeat
4
Press the [NEXT] to display the Repeat screen.
A-B Repeat
5
6
Press the [START/STOP] button to start the song.
Press the [MAIN A] button at the starting point (A) to be
repeated.
A-B Repeat
7
=Off
=A-
• If only the “A” repeat point is
specified, repeat playback
will occur between the “A”
point and the end of the
song.
Press the [MAIN B] button at the ending point (B) to be repeated.
A-B Repeat
=A-B
Repeat playback is now set, and the selected section automatically repeats
indefinitely (until disabled or stopped in the steps below).
8
9
To cancel the the repeat function and continue song playback, press the [MAIN A] button again.
Press the [START/STOP] button to stop the song.
• Repeat playback will be
cancelled if a different song
is selected.
72
70
Disk Song Playback
Song Transpose
1
2
3
Press the [SONG] button.
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Song Menu screen.
• This operation does not
affect the pitch of the
keyboard-played voice(s)
Select “S.Trans”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
S.Menu =S.Trans
4
• Changes made to the
transpose setting (on page
30) affect the entire sound of
the PSR-540, including the
song transpose setting.
• Enabling the record mode to
record a User song
automatically resets the song
transpose setting to “0”.
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Song Transpose
screen.
SongTranspos= 0
5
Set the Transpose value.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the number buttons
[1]-[0].
The transpose range is from -12 to +12. Each step corresponds to one semitone,
allowing a maximum upward or downward transposition of one octave. A
setting of “0” produces normal pitch.
SongTranspos= 4
6
7
• Minus values can be entered
by using the number buttons
while holding the [-] button.
Press the [START/STOP] to start the song.
• Steps #1 through #5 can be
executed during playback.
Press the [START/STOP] button again to stop the song.
71
73
Part Settings
In addition to the keyboard-played voices, the PSR-540 features many different instrumental “parts,”
included with the auto accompaniment, and song playback.
● Style mode
Keyboard
Auto Accompaniment
● Song mode
Part
VOICE R1
VOICE R2
VOICE L
RHYTHM SUB
RHYTHM MAIN
BASS
CHORD1
CHORD2
PAD
PHRASE1
PHRASE2
Part
VOICE R1
VOICE R2
VOICE L
TRACK1
TRACK2
TRACK3
TRACK4
:
TRACK15
TRACK16
Keyboard
Song
Use the following functions to change the settings for each part:
● Voice Change ........................................................................................................................ page 75
This lets you change the voice for each part.
● Mixer ...................................................................................................................................... page 76
This lets you change the volume of each part and adjust the relative balance among
all the parts.
● Parameter Edit ...................................................................................................................... page 77
This lets you change the following settings for each part:
• Octave
Shifts the pitch of the specified voice or track up or down by one or two octaves.
A setting of “0” produces normal pitch.
• Pan
Positions the sound of the specified voice or track from left to right in the stereo
sound field. “-7” is full left, “7” is full right, “0” is center, and all other settings are
corresponding positions in between.
• Reverb depth
Sets the reverb depth for the specified voice or track, and thus the amount of
reverb effect applied to that voice or track.
• Chorus depth
Sets the chorus depth for the specified voice or track, and thus the amount of
chorus effect applied to that voice or track.
• DSP depth
Sets the DSP depth for the specified voice or track, and thus the amount of DSP
effect applied to that voice or track.
The parameters which can be set for each part are shown in the chart below.
● Parameters
Parameter
Style
Song
Voice number
Voice
R1, R2, L
O
O
O
Volume
Octave
Pan
Reverb depth
Chorus depth
DSP depth
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
–
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
Range
Function
Refer to the Voice
List (page 123)
0 – 127
-2 – 2
-64 – 63
0 – 127
0 – 127
0 – 127
Voice Change
Mixer
Parameter Edit
Parameter Edit
Parameter Edit
Parameter Edit
Parameter Edit
O : available
74
72
Part Settings
● Auto Accompaniment
● Voice R1, R2, L
• When one of the DSP types belonging to the Insertion Effect (page
50) is selected, the effect will be exclusively applied to the Voice R1
and not to the Voice R2/L. Therefore the DSP depth for the Voice R2/
L cannot be changed. Also, the DSP depth for the Voice R1 cannot be
altered depending on the selected Insertion Effect type.
• Only drum kit voices (page 31) can be selected for the RHYTHM
MAIN track.
• Save any part settings you want to keep to the PSR-540 Registration
Memory (page 54). The voice part settings are temporary and will be
lost if the power is turned off, a different R1 panel voice is selected
while the Voice Set function (page 120) is on, or a Registration
Memory is recalled.
• Make sure to first select the appropriate style for which you wish to
set the part before calling up the relevant display.
• When using auto accompaniment part settings for the RHYTHM SUB
track, any of the voices can be selected but no chord changes will
occur when using Auto Accompaniment.
• Auto accompaniment part settings can even be set while an
accompaniment is playing.
• Auto accompaniment part settings affects all sections of the selected
style.
● Song
• Make sure to first select the appropriate song for which you wish to
set the part before calling up the relevant display.
• Any part settings made for the song will be lost if you turn off the
power, select another song, or select the Style mode (after finishing
the part settings). To prevent this, make sure to select the Recording
mode and save the song data to disk (page 78).
• Save any part settings you want to keep to the PSR-540 Registration
Memory (page 54). The Auto accompaniment part setting are
temporary and will be lost if the power is turned off, a different style is
selected while the Voice Set function (page 120) is on, or a
Registration Memory is recalled.
Voice Change
In addition to being able to change the voices played from the keyboard (R1, R2, L),
you can also change the voices for each track of the auto accompaniment and songs.
1
2
Press the [VOICE CHANGE] button.
The [VOICE CHANGE] lamp lights.
Select the part for which you want to change voices.
Parts can be selected from the following buttons (depending on the selected
mode: Style or Song):
● Voice ................................. PART ON/OFF [VOICE R1], [VOICE R2], [VOICE L]
buttons
● Accompaniment track ....... [TRACK9]-[TRACK16] buttons (Style mode)
● Song track ......................... [TRACK1]-[TRACK16] button (Song mode)
3
Select a voice.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the number buttons
[1]-[0].
Refer to the Voice List (page 123).
RhM=216 StndKit1
4
5
Repeat steps #2 and #3 as often as needed for other parts/
tracks.
Press the [EXIT] button to exit from the Voice Change screen.
73
75
Part Settings
Mixer
1
Press the [MIXER] button.
2
Select the part for which you want to adjust the volume.
The [MIXER] lamp lights.
Parts can be selected from the following buttons (depending on the selected
mode: Style or Song):
● Voice ................................. PART ON/OFF [VOICE R1], [VOICE R2], [VOICE L]
buttons
● Accompaniment track ....... [TRACK9]-[TRACK16] buttons (Style mode)
● Song track ......................... [TRACK1]-[TRACK16] button (Song mode)
Volume Ph1 =120
3
Adjust the volume from the corresponding display.
To adjust the desired volume setting, use the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the
[-/NO] button or the number buttons [1]-[0].
Volume Ph1 =110
4
5
Repeat steps #2 and #3 as often as needed for other parts/
tracks.
Press the [EXIT] button to exit from the Mixer screen.
76
74
Part Settings
Parameter Edit
1
Press the [FUNCTION] button.
2
Select “Parameter Edit”.
VOICE LR12
STYLE
SONG
FUNCTION
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
F6 ParameterEdit
3
4
Press the [NEXT] button to display the PARAMETER EDIT
screen.
Adjust the parameter value from the corresponding display.
• Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the number
buttons [1]-[0].
• You can switch among the parts just as with the Mixer function above.
• Switch among the parameter displays by using the [NEXT] button and
[BACK] button as shown below.
Octave
[BACK] button
Pan
[BACK] button
R2 =
• The Octave parameter of
the style tracks cannot be
edited.
• Minus settings for the Octave
and Pan parameters can be
directly entered by pressing
the appropriate number
button while holding the
[-/NO] button.
2
[NEXT] button
R2 = 40
[NEXT] button
RevDepth R2 =120
[BACK] button
[NEXT] button
ChoDepth R2 =108
[BACK] button
[NEXT] button
DspDepth R2 =112
75
77
Song Recording
With the powerful and easy-to-use song recording features, you can record
your own keyboard performances to a floppy disk as a User song, and create
your own complete, fully orchestrated compositions.
• User Songs are recorded on
floppy disks. They cannot be
recorded unless a floppy disk
is inserted into the disk drive.
Each User song lets you record up to sixteen independent tracks. These
include not only the voices for the keyboard performance (R1, R2, L), but also
the auto accompaniment parts.
The PSR-540 provides two different ways to record: Quick Recording and Multi Track Recording. In addition,
comprehensive editing functions let you “fine tune” the recorded song data.
● Quick Recording .................................................................................................................. page 80
With this method, you can quickly and easily record a song, without having to make
detailed settings.
● Multi Track Recording .......................................................................................................... page 82
With this method, you can record up to sixteen tracks independently, and even rerecord parts that have been previously recorded.
• Punch In/Out ...................................................................................................................... page 84
This function allows you to selectively re-record a portion of a song track (the
measures between the specified punch-in and punch-out points.
• Start Measure .................................................................................................................... page 84
This determines the measure at which recording starts. Set this when you
desire to start the recording in the middle of the song when re-recording. Keep
in mind that all previously recorded data from the starting measure is replaced.
● Editing ...................................................................................................................................
The four editing features below allow you to edit already recorded song data.
• Quantize .............................................................................................................................
This function aligns the timing of the recorded note data to a specified value.
• Editing Setup Data .............................................................................................................
This function allows you to change a variety of non-note settings.
• Naming User Songs ...........................................................................................................
This function assigns a twelve-letter name to a recorded song.
• Clearing User Song Data ...................................................................................................
This function lets you delete song data, either a specified part or the entire song.
page 86
page 86
page 88
page 90
page 91
After finishing your recording of a User song, you can play it back in the same way as one of the disk songs.
■ Data that can be recorded to User songs
• Tempo ..................................................................................................... page 36
• Time signature ........................................................................................ page 16
• Accompaniment style number ................................................................ page 32
• Section changes and their timing ........................................................... page 34
• Chord changes and their timing ............................................................. page 33
• Accompaniment volume ......................................................................... page 37
• Note on/off (key press and release) ..................................................... page 107
• Velocity (strength of key press) ............................................................ page 107
• Pitch bend, pitch bend range ........................................................ pages 30, 122
• Footswitch on/off .................................................................................... page 13
• Voice Change settings ............................................................................ page 75
• Mixer settings ......................................................................................... page 76
• Parameter Edit settings .......................................................................... page 76
• Reverb type and settings ........................................................................ page 46
• Chorus type and settings ....................................................................... page 48
• DSP (including FAST/SLOW) on/off and type ........................................ page 49
• Harmony/Echo on/off and type ............................................................... page 50
• Scale tuning ......................................................................................... page 119
• Sustain on/off ......................................................................................... page 30
• Songs recorded by the PSR540 are saved as SMF
(format 0) files. See page
109 for information on the
SMF (format 0) format.
• Being able to record note on/
off and velocity means being
able to record forte or piano,
crescendo or diminuendo,
and other subtle elements of
expression from the
keyboard as you play them.
• Note ON (key press), note
OFF (key release), and
velocity (strength of key
press) are MIDI data events
(playing information) (page
107).
The maximum amount of song memory is 65,000 notes for 2DD disks and 130,000
notes for 2HD disks.
78
76
Song Recording
■ User Song Tracks
The tracks which can be recorded to the User songs are organized as shown in the
chart below.
Track
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Other Parts that can be set
VOICE R1, R2, L, Accompaniment Style track
VOICE R1, R2, L, Accompaniment Style track
VOICE R1, R2, L, Accompaniment Style track
VOICE R1, R2, L, Accompaniment Style track
VOICE R1, R2, L, Accompaniment Style track
VOICE R1, R2, L, Accompaniment Style track
VOICE R1, R2, L, Accompaniment Style track
VOICE R1, R2, L, Accompaniment Style track
VOICE R1, R2, L, Accompaniment Style track
VOICE R1, R2, L, Accompaniment Style track
VOICE R1, R2, L, Accompaniment Style track
VOICE R1, R2, L, Accompaniment Style track
VOICE R1, R2, L, Accompaniment Style track
VOICE R1, R2, L, Accompaniment Style track
VOICE R1, R2, L, Accompaniment Style track
VOICE R1, R2, L, Accompaniment Style track
Default Part
VOICE R1
VOICE R2
VOICE L
VOICE R1
VOICE R1
VOICE R1
VOICE R1
VOICE R1
Accompaniment Style RHYTHM SUB
Accompaniment Style RHYTHM MAIN
Accompaniment Style BASS
Accompaniment Style CHORD1
Accompaniment Style CHORD2
Accompaniment Style PAD
Accompaniment Style PHRASE1
Accompaniment Style PHRASE2
The PSR-540 provides two different ways to record: Quick Recording and Multi Track
Recording.
● About Multi Track Recording
In Multi Track Recording, you determine the track assignments (as shown above)
before recording. Several tracks can be recorded simultaneously. In addition to
being able to record to empty tracks, you can also re-record tracks that already
contain recorded data.
● About Quick Recording
In Quick Recording, you can quickly record without having to worry about the
track assignments above. Quick Recording automatically makes track assignments according to the simple rules below.
• When Record method is set to “Melody”
Your keyboard performances (VOICE R1, R2, L) are recorded to tracks
1 - 3.
• When Record method is set to “Acmp”
The auto accompaniment parts are recorded to tracks 9 - 16.
• When Record method is set to “Melody + Acmp”
Your keyboard performances (VOICE R1 and R2) are recorded to tracks
1 - 2, and the auto accompaniment parts are recorded to tracks 9 -16.
The Quick Recording method is different from the Multi Track Recording method;
however, for both of them, the recorded data is recorded on tracks 1–16.
If you wish to re-record a User song that was originally recorded by the Quick
Recording method, use Multi Track Recording.
The following notes and
cautions are important
points for you to keep in
mind as you record.
• Using the Metronome
function (page 118) can
make your recording
sessions much more
efficient.
• Using Registration Memory
(page 54) can make your
recording sessions much
more efficient, since various
settings (such as voices,
etc.) can be recalled by a
single button press.
When the record mode is
engaged, the Registration
Memory Freeze function will
be turned on (it cannot be
turned off while the record
mode is engaged).
• When the record mode is
engaged, the Synchro Stop
function will be turned off (it
cannot be turned on while
the record mode is
engaged).
• Whenever you record, any
previously recorded material
in the same track will be
erased.
• Song files on commercially
available disks which are not
write-protected can be
selected and recorded to
(edited) on the PSR-540. If
the song data is of a different
format from that of the PSR540 User songs, the display
prompts you to convert the
song data. By pressing the
[+/YES] button, you can
convert the song data to the
PSR-540 format (compatible
with the PSR-540). Once the
conversion operation is
finished, the PSR-540
returns to record standby,
allowing you to record.
• If the disk memory becomes
full while recording, an alert
message will appear on the
display and recording will
stop.
• Be careful to avoid turning
off the power or unplugging
the AC adaptor from the
outlet during recording, since
this will result in the loss of
recorded data.
77
79
Song Recording
Quick Recording
1
Insert the floppy disk into the disk drive.
2
Press the [RECORD] button to engage the Record mode.
3
Select “Song”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
RecMenu=Song
4
Press the [NEXT] button.
001 New Song
5
6
Press the [NEXT] button again to display the RecMode
screen.
Select “QuickRec”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
RecMode=QuickRec
7
Press the [NEXT] button.
Rec Tr =Melody
8
Select a Record method.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
● Melody .................... This records your keyboard performance (Voices R1/R2/L)
without the auto accompaniment.
● Acmp ....................... This records only the auto accompaniment. When this is
selected, the auto accompaniment is automatically set to on.
● Mel + Acmp ............. This records your keyboard performance (Voices R1/R2)
along with the auto accompaniment. When this is selected,
auto accompaniment is automatically set to on.
80
78
Song Recording
9
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Record ready screen.
The beat indicator dots will flash at the currently set tempo, indicating that the
record ready (Synchro Start) mode is engaged.
BEAT
10
Start recording.
• If you’ve selected [Melody] or [Mel + Acmp] in step #8 above, recording
starts as soon as you play a key.
• If you’ve selected [Acmp] in step #8 above, the auto accompaniment and
recording start simultaneously as soon as a chord is played in the auto
accompaniment section of the keyboard (the left side of the split point).
• Recording can also be started by pressing the [START/STOP] button.
• Auto accompaniment cannot
be turned on or off during
recording.
Song Recording
11
Stop recording.
• If you’ve selected [Melody] in step #8 above, press the [START/STOP]
button.
• If you’ve selected [Acmp] or [Mel + Acmp] in step #8 above, press the
[START/STOP] button or the [ENDING] button. If you press the [ENDING] button while recording the auto accompaniment track, recording will
stop automatically after the ending section has finished.
Sv? SONG –001.MID
12
Select whether to save the newly recorded data to disk or
not.
• To cancel the save operation (for example, when you wish to redo the recording), press the [-/NO] button and re-record starting with step #8 above, after
the display returns to the Track selection screen.
• To save the data to disk, press the [+/YES] button.
Executing
72%
The Save operation is completed...
Completed
13
Press the [RECORD] button to exit from the Record mode.
CAUTION
• While the file is being
saved, never eject the
floppy disk or turn the
power off.
79
81
Song Recording
Multi Track Recording
1-3
4
Use the same operation as in “Quick Recording” (page
80).
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Song selection
screen.
001 New Song
5
6
Press the [NEXT] button again to display the RecMode
screen.
Select “MultiRec”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
RecMode=MultiRec
7
Press the [NEXT] button three times to display the PART
setting screen.
RecPart T01 =R1
8
• For information on the punch
in and start measure
functions (page 84).
Select the desired track and part for recording.
1) Select a track.
Press one of the [TRACK1]-[TRACK16] buttons.
2) Select a part.
Use the data dial, the
[+/YES] button or the
[-/NO] button.
RecPart T16 =Rhm
CHORD
119
dim 6 513
mM 7augsus4
NEXT
BACK
START/STOP KEYBOARD
EASY
NAVIGATOR
[BACK] button
3) Set the desired track to
“Rec”.
Press the [NEXT] button
and use the data dial, the
[+/YES] button or the
[-/NO] button .
TRACK(1~16)
PART DIAL
0~9
/YES
VOICE LR12
STYLE
SONG
FUNCTION
[NEXT] button
RecMode T16 =Rec
CHORD
119
dim 6 513
mM 7augsus4
NEXT
BACK
START/STOP KEYBOARD
EASY
NAVIGATOR
TRACK(1~16)
PART DIAL
0~9
/YES
VOICE LR12
STYLE
SONG
FUNCTION
• For information on track
assignments (page 79).
• To record auto accompaniment data, set the [ACMP]
button to ON.
• The same part cannot be set
to more than one track for
recording.
• Make all necessary settings to each track by repeating steps 1) through 3)
above.
82
80
Song Recording
9
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Rehearsal screen.
Voices and styles can be set from this display. After completing the desired
settings, press the [EXIT] button to return to this display.
Rehearsal
10
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Record Ready screen.
The beat indicator dots will flash at the currently set tempo, indicating that the
record ready (Synchro Start) mode is engaged.
BEAT
11
Start recording.
12
Stop recording.
• Recording starts as soon as you play a key on the keyboard.
• If you enabled the auto accompaniment track for recording (in steps #8
above), recording starts as soon as you play a chord in the auto accompaniment section of the keyboard (the left side of the split point).
• Recording can also be started by pressing the [START/STOP] button.
• Auto accompaniment cannot
be turned on or off during
recording.
• If you did not enable the auto accompaniment track for recording (in steps #8
above), press the [START/STOP] button.
• If you enabled the auto accompaniment track for recording (in steps #8
above), press the [START/STOP] button or the [ENDING] button. If you
press the [ENDING] button while recording the auto accompaniment track,
recording will stop automatically after the ending section has finished.
Sv? SONG –001.MID
13
Save the recorded data to the disk.
• To cancel the save operation (for example, when you wish to redo the recording), press the [-/NO] button and re-record starting with step #8 above, after
the display returns to the Track setting screen.
• To save the data to disk, press the [+/YES] button.
Executing
CAUTION
• While the file is being
saved, never eject the
floppy disk or turn the
power off.
72%
The Save operation is completed...
Completed
14
Press the [RECORD] button to exit from the Record mode.
81
83
Song Recording
Re-recording — Punch In/Out and Start Measure
This section shows you how to re-record a specific section of a already-recorded song.
In the eight-measure example below, the third measures through the fifth measure are
re-recorded.
● Before re-recording
1
2
3
4
5
Recording start
(Punch In)
6
7
8
Recording stop
(Punch Out)
● After re-recording
1
Previously
played data
1
2
3
2
3
4
5
6
Newly played data
7
8
Previously
played data
Insert the floppy disk into the disk drive.
Press the [RECORD] button to engage the Record mode.
Select “Song”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
RecMenu=Song
4
5
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Song selection
screen.
Select the Song you want to re-record.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
002 UserSong1
6
7
Press the [NEXT] button again to display the RecMode
screen.
Select “MultiRec”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
RecMode=MultiRec
84
82
Song Recording
8
9
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Punch In/Out screen.
Select “On”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Punch In/Out=On
10
11
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Punch In measure
screen.
Set the punch-in measure.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the number buttons
[1]-[0].
Punch In
12
13
Set the punch-out measure.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the number buttons
[1]-[0].
=
• The punch-out measure
number cannot be set lower
than the punch-in measure
number.
5
Press the [NEXT] button to display the START MEASURE
screen.
Set the start measure (the measure at which playback starts).
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the number buttons
[1]-[0].
Rec Start
16
17
3
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Punch Out measure
screen.
Punch Out
14
15
=
=
2
• Punch In/Out recording
cannot be used with the auto
accompaniment tracks.
• During recording you can
use the TRACK buttons to
turn playback of previouslyrecorded tracks on or off as
required.
Press the [NEXT] button to display the PART screen.
Record using the same operation as described in “Multi Track
Recording” on page 82, starting with step #7.
83
85
Song Recording
Quantize
Quantize lets you “clean up” or “tighten” the timing of a previously recorded track.
For example, the following musical passage has been written with exact quarter-note
and eighth-note values.
Even though you think you may have recorded the passage accurately, your actual
performance may be slightly ahead of or behind the beat (or both!). Quantize allows
you to align all the notes in a track so that the timing is absolutely accurate to the
specified note value.
1-4
5
Use the same operation as in “Re-recording” (page 84).
Select the Song file to be quantized.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
002 UserSong1
6
7
Press the [NEXT] button again to display the RecMode
screen.
Select “Edit”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
RecMode=Edit
8
9
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Edit Menu screen.
Select “Quantize”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Ed Menu=Quantize
10
11
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Track selection screen.
Select the track to be quantized.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Q.Track
= 5
86
84
Song Recording
12
Press the [NEXT] button.
Q.Size =
13
1/4
Select the Quantize size (resolution).
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Set the Quantize resolution to correspond to the smallest notes in the track you
are working with. For example, if the data was recorded with both quarter notes
and eighth notes, use 1/8 for the quantize resolution. If the quantize function is
applied in this case with the resolution set to 1/4, the eighth notes would be
moved on top of the quarter notes.
● Quantize size
Size
Note
1/4
Quarter note
1/6
Quarter note triplet
1/8
Eighth note
1/12
Eighth note triplet
1/16
Sixteenth note
1/24
Sixteenth note triplet
1/32
Thirty-second note
14
One measure of 8th notes before quantization
After quantization
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Quantize operation
screen.
Quantize OK?
15
Press the [+/YES] button to execute the Quantize operation.
To abort the Quantize operation, press the [-/NO] button.
Executing
CAUTION
• While the Quantize
operation is being
executed, never eject the
floppy disk or turn the
power off.
84%
The Quantize operation is completed...
Completed
16
Press the [RECORD] button to exit from the Record mode.
85
87
Song Recording
Editing Setup Data
This function lets you make changes to various voice-related parameters (setup data)
for each track of a recorded song. The following parameters can be edited:
● Voice ................................. Assigns a voice number to the specified track.
● Volume .............................. Sets the volume of the specified track.
● Octave ............................... Shifts the pitch of the specified track up or down by
one or two octaves. A setting of “0” produces normal
pitch.
● Pan .................................... Positions the sound of the specified track from left to
right in the stereo sound field. A setting of “-7” is full
left, “7” is full right, “0” is center, and all other settings
are corresponding positions in between.
● Reverb depth ..................... Sets the reverb depth for the specified track, and thus
the amount of reverb effect applied to that voice or
track.
● Chorus depth .................... Sets the chorus depth for the specified track, and thus
the amount of chorus effect applied to that voice or
track.
● DSP depth ......................... Sets the DSP depth for the specified track, and thus
the amount of DSP effect applied to that voice or track.
1-4
5
• Only one of the Setup
parameters can be recorded
to each track, and any
parameter changes made in
the middle of the song will be
cancelled. However, in the
case of Volume data, any
Volume changes in the
middle of the song are
applied as an offset to the
initial Setup Data setting.
Use the same operation as in “Re-recording” (page 84).
Select the file (song) for which you wish to change the setup
data.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
002 UserSong1
6
7
Press the [NEXT] button again to display the RecMode
screen.
Select “Edit”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button .
RecMode=Edit
8
9
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Edit Menu screen.
Select “Setup Dt”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Ed Menu=Setup Dt
10
Press the [NEXT] button to display the setup data screen.
88
86
Song Recording
11
Edit the setup data.
Press the [NEXT] and [BACK] buttons to switch among the displays (as
shown below).
• Select a track by pressing one of the [TRACK1]-[TRACK16] buttons.
• Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the number
buttons [1]-[0] to change the desired values in each display.
T01=001 GrandPno
• Voice
[BACK] button
Volume
• Volume
[NEXT] button
T01=108
[BACK] button
Octave
• Octave
[NEXT] button
T01=
[BACK] button
Pan
• Pan
• Reverb depth
T01= 63
[NEXT] button
RevDepth T01= 49
[BACK] button
• Chorus depth
[NEXT] button
ChoDepth T01= 89
[BACK] button
12
1
[NEXT] button
[BACK] button
• DSP depth
• Minus settings for the Octave
and Pan parameters can be
directly entered by pressing
the appropriate number
button while holding the
[-/NO] button.
[NEXT] button
DspDepth T01= 89
Press the [NEXT] button to display the setup data saving
screen.
Setup OK?
13
Save the changed data to the floppy disk.
• To cancel the save operation (if you wish to redo any edits), press the [-/NO]
button and continue editing.
• To save the data to disk, press the [+/YES] button.
Executing
CAUTION
• While the file is being
saved, never eject the
floppy disk or turn the
power off.
84%
The Save operation is completed...
Completed
14
Press the [RECORD] button to exit from the Record mode.
87
89
Song Recording
Naming User Songs
1-4
5
Use the same operation as in “Re-recording” (page 84).
Select the file (song) for which you wish to change the name.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
002 UserSong1
6
7
Press the [NEXT] button again to display the RecMode
screen.
Select “Edit”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
RecMode=Edit
8
9
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Edit Menu screen.
Select “Name”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Ed Menu=Name
10
Press the [NEXT] button to display the NAME screen.
Nam=UserSong1
_
cursor
11
Enter the desired name for the file (song).
12
Press the [RECORD] button to exit from the Record mode.
Use the keyboard to enter the name (page 21).
Up to 12 letters or characters can be used. (The three-letter extension cannot
be changed.)
90
88
Song Recording
Clearing User Song Data
1-4
5
6
7
8
9
Use the same operation as in “Re-recording” (page 84).
Select the song file to be cleared.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Press the [NEXT] button again to display the RecMode
screen.
Select “Edit”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Edit Menu screen.
Select “Clear”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Ed Menu=Clear
10
Press the [NEXT] button.
Clear Track=13
11
Select the track to be cleared.
12
Press the [NEXT] button.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
To clear the data of an entire song, select “ALL”.
Clear OK?
13
Press the [+/YES] button to execute the Clear operation.
To abort the Clear operation, press the [-/NO] button.
Executing
CAUTION
• While the track is being
cleared, never eject the
floppy disk or turn the
power off.
84%
The Clear operation is completed...
Completed
14
Press the [RECORD] button to exit from the Record mode.
89
91
Multi Pad Recording
In addition to the preset Multi Pad sets, the PSR-540 has 16 user-recordable sets that you can use to
store your own creations. These original User Multi Pads can be played and used in the same way as
the presets. User Multi Pad data can also be saved to and loaded from floppy disk.
Your keyboard performance (using voice R1) is recorded to the User pad. Chord
Match data (page 43) can also be recorded.
• Multi Pad Recording ................................................................................
• Chord Match ...........................................................................................
• Naming User Pads ..................................................................................
• Clearing User Pad Data ..........................................................................
page 92
page 94
page 94
page 95
■ Data that can be recorded to User pads
• Note on/off (key press and release)
• Velocity (strength of key press)
• Pitch bend, pitch bend range
• SUSTAIN button on/off
• Footswitch on/off (sustain, sostenuto, soft)
• Voice Change settings
• Mixer settings
• Parameter Edit settings
Up to approximately 2,000 notes for all pads can be recorded to the PSR-540 Multi
Pads.
Multi Pad Recording
1
Press the [RECORD] button to engage the Record mode.
2
Select “MultiPad”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Press the [NEXT] button.
Bank=UserPad1
4
92
• Material recorded data is
retained in memory even
when the STANDBY switch is
turned off if batteries are
installed or an AC adaptor is
connected (page 135). It is
nevertheless a good idea to
save important data to floppy
disk so that you can keep
them indefinitely and build up
your own data library (page
60).
The following notes and
cautions are important
points for you to keep in
mind as you record your
Multi Pad data.
• Using the Metronome
function (page 118) can
make your recording
sessions much more
efficient.
RecMenu=MultiPad
3
• User Pad data is recorded by
playing voice R1 from the
keyboard. Voice R2, voice L
and the auto accompaniment
cannot be used.
Select a Multi Pad Bank to record.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
• Using Registration Memory
(page 54) can make your
recording sessions much
more efficient, since various
settings (such as voices,
etc.) can be recalled by a
single button press.
When the record mode is
engaged, the Registration
Memory Freeze function will
be turned on (it cannot be
turned off while the record
mode is engaged).
• Whenever you record, any
previously recorded material
in the same track will be
erased.
• If the memory becomes full
while recording, an alert
message will appear on the
display and recording will
stop.
• Be careful to avoid turning
off the power or unplugging
the AC adaptor from the
outlet during recording, since
this will result in the loss of
recorded data.
90
Multi Pad Recording
5
6
Press the [NEXT] button to display the RecMode screen.
Select “Record”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
RecMode=Record
7
8
Press the [NEXT] button to display the pad number selection
screen.
Select a Pad number to record.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Rec Pad=Pad1
9
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Rehearsal screen.
Voices can be set from this display. After completing the desired settings, press
the [EXIT] button to return to this display.
Rehearsal
10
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Record ready screen.
The beat indicator dots will flash at the currently set tempo, indicating that the
record ready (Synchro Start) mode is engaged.
BEAT
11
Start recording.
• Recording starts as soon as you play a key on the keyboard.
• Recording can also be started by pressing the [START/STOP] button.
M.Pad Recording
If you are recording a Chord match phrase, use only the CM7 scale tones (i.e. C,
D, E, G, A and B).
C S C
12
13
C S C
C = chord tone
C, S = scale tones
Press the [START/STOP] button to stop recording.
Press the [RECORD] button to exit from the Record mode.
91
93
Multi Pad Recording
Chord Match
1-5
6
Use the same operation as in “Multi Pad Recording”
above.
Select “Edit”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
RecMode=Edit
7
8
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Edit menu screen.
Select “ChdMatch”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Ed Menu=ChdMatch
9
10
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Chord Match screen.
Turn the Chord Match function on or off.
• Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
• To select the desired pad for setting, press the [NEXT] button.
ChMatch Pad1=Off
[BACK] button
[NEXT] button
ChMatch Pad2=Off
[BACK] button
11
[NEXT] button
Press the [RECORD] button to exit from the Record mode.
Naming User Pads
1-7
8
Use the same operation as in “Chord Match” above.
Select “Name”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Ed Menu=Name
9
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Name screen.
94
92
Multi Pad Recording
10
Enter the desired name for the bank.
Use the keyboard to enter the name (page 21).
Up to eight letters or characters can be used.
P.Name=UserPad2
11
Press the [RECORD] button to exit from the Record mode.
Clearing User Pad Data
1-7
8
Use the same operation as in “Chord Match” above.
Select “Clear”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Ed Menu=Clear
9
Press the [NEXT] button.
Clr Pad=Pad1
10
Select the Pad number to be cleared.
11
Press the [NEXT] button.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
To clear the data from all four pads, select “All”.
Clear OK?
12
Execute the Clear operation.
Press the [+/YES] button to execute the Clear operation.
To abort the Clear operation, press the [-/NO] button.
The Clear operation is completed...
Completed
13
Press the [RECORD] button to exit from the Record mode.
93
95
Style Recording
The PSR-540 lets you record up to three original User styles which can be
used for auto accompaniment in the same way as the preset styles. User Style
data can also be saved to and loaded from floppy disk (page 57).
You can create a User style by using the internal style data as a starting point.
Select a preset style that is closest to the type of style you want to create, and
record the auto accompaniment patterns to each section.
The PSR-540 provides two basic ways to record styles:
• Style Recording — Rhythm Track ...................................................................................... page 98
• Style Recording — Bass/Phrase/Pad/Chord Tracks ........................................................ page 100
The four editing features below allow you to edit already recorded style data.
• Quantize ........................................................................................................................... page 102
This function aligns the timing of the recorded note data to a specified value.
• Naming User Styles ......................................................................................................... page 104
This function lets you name your original styles.
• Clearing User Style Data ................................................................................................. page 104
This function is for clearing (deleting) or part of the recorded style.
■ User Style Tracks
The tracks which can be recorded to the User styles are organized as shown in the
chart below.
Section
INTRO
MAIN A
MAIN B
FILL IN A
FILL IN B
ENDING
Track
RHYTHM SUB
RHYTHM MAIN
RHYTHM SUB
RHYTHM MAIN
RHYTHM SUB
RHYTHM MAIN
RHYTHM SUB
RHYTHM MAIN
RHYTHM SUB
RHYTHM MAIN
RHYTHM SUB
RHYTHM MAIN
CHORD1
CHORD2
CHORD1
CHORD2
CHORD1
CHORD2
CHORD1
CHORD2
CHORD1
CHORD2
CHORD1
CHORD2
PHRASE1
PHRASE2
PHRASE1
PHRASE2
PHRASE1
PHRASE2
PHRASE1
PHRASE2
PHRASE1
PHRASE2
PHRASE1
PHRASE2
BASS
PAD
BASS
PAD
BASS
PAD
BASS
PAD
BASS
PAD
BASS
PAD
• Material recorded data is
retained in memory even
when the STANDBY switch is
turned off if batteries are
installed or an AC adaptor is
connected (page 135). It is
nevertheless a good idea to
save important data to floppy
disk so that you can keep
them indefinitely and build up
your own data library (page
60).
On the PSR-540, you can record up to a total of 48 tracks (6 sections x 8 tracks).
■ Data that can be recorded to User styles
• Note on/off (key press and release) .......................... page 107
• Velocity (strength of key press) .................................. page 107
• Pitch bend, pitch bend range .............................. pages 30, 122
• Voice number (drum kit number)* ................................ page 26
• Mixer settings* ............................................................. page 76
• Parameter Edit settings* .............................................. page 77
• Tempo .......................................................................... page 36
• Reverb type and settings ............................................. page 46
• Chorus type and settings ............................................. page 48
• User Style data is recorded
by playing voice R1 from the
keyboard. Voice R2, voice L
and the auto accompaniment
cannot be used.
Up to approximately 1,950 notes for a section (a total of about 7,150 notes) can be
recorded to the PSR-540 style tracks.
Only one event of the item marked with * can be recorded for each track of the
sections.
96
94
Style Recording
■ About Recording User Styles
In recording a User song, the PSR-540 records your keyboard performance as MIDI
data. Recording of User styles, however, is done in a different way. Here are some
of the aspects in which style recording differs from song recording:
Loop Recording
Auto accompaniment repeats the accompaniment patterns of several measures
in a “loop,” and style recording is also done using loops. For example, if you start
recording with a two-measure main section, the two measures are repeatedly
recorded. Notes that you record will play back from the next repetition (loop),
letting you record while hearing previously recorded material.
Overdub Recording
This method records new material to a track already containing recorded data,
without deleting the original data. In style recording, the recorded data is not
deleted, except when using functions such as Clear (page 104) and Drum
Cancel (page 99).
For example, if you start recording with a two-measure main section, the two
measures are repeated many times. Notes that you record will play back from
the next repetition, letting you overdub new material to the loop while hearing
previously recorded material.
Using Preset Styles
Preset style data
Copy
Internal memory for
User style recording
As shown in the chart at left, when you select the
internal preset style that is the closest to the type
of style you wish to create, the preset style data
will be copied to a special memory location for
recording.
You create (record) your new, original style by
adding or deleting data from the memory location.
All tracks (with the exception of the rhythm track)
must be cleared before recording (page 104).
The following notes and cautions are important points for you to keep in mind as you record your User styles.
• Make sure to clear at least one of the three User styles before
recording a new User style. Recording a new User style cannot
be started when all three User styles have recorded data.
• In the Record Ready mode, you can exchange or edit the voice
data in the recorded tracks using Mixer on page 76 or Parameter
Edit on page 77.
• Be careful to avoid turning off the power or unplugging the AC
adaptor from the outlet during recording, since this will result in
the loss of recorded data.
• If the memory becomes full while recording, an alert message
will appear on the display and recording will stop.
• Using Registration Memory (page 54) can make your recording
sessions much more efficient, since various settings (such as
voices, etc.) can be recalled by a single button press.
When the record mode is engaged, the Registration Memory
Freeze function will be turned on (it cannot be turned off while
the record mode is engaged).
• Using the Metronome function (page 118) can make your
recording sessions much more efficient.
• Since recording is done in measure units, you should first select
a style that has the same number of measures as the section
you intend to record..
• If none of the preset styles is appropriate, select one that has the
same time signature and number of measures as the one you
want to create, then use the Clear function (page 104) to clear
all preset data before entering your own.
95
97
Style Recording
Style Recording — Rhythm Track
With this operation you can create your own original rhythm patterns by editing
existing rhythm track (percussion) data from a preset style.
1
Press the [RECORD] button to engage the Record mode.
2
Select “Style”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
RecMenu=Style
3
Press the [NEXT] button.
001 8Beat 1
4
5
6
Select a style to begin with.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the number buttons
[1]-[0].
Press the [NEXT] button again to display the RecMode
screen.
Select “Record”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
RecMode=Record
7
8
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Section selection
screen.
Select the section to be recorded.
Section=Main A
9
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Track selection screen.
• Multiple sections cannot be
recorded at the same time.
98
96
Style Recording
10
Select a Rhythm track to be recorded.
Select “RHYTHM MAIN” or “RHYTHM SUB” with the data dial, the
[+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Rec Track
• Only one track can be
recorded at a time.
=RhM
11
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Record ready screen.
12
Select one of the Drum Kits.
13
Start recording.
The beat indicator dots will flash at the currently set tempo, indicating that the
record ready (Synchro Start) mode is engaged.
Select the desired kit by pressing the [VOICE R1] button (page 26). To return
to the original display, press the [EXIT] button (page 17).
You can start recording with one of the following ways:
• Press the [START/STOP] button. The following will start to play back: the
style selected in step #4, the section selected in step #8 and the rhythm track
selected in step #10.
• Press the [SYNC START] button to enable synchronized standby (page 25),
then play a key on the keyboard. Playback starts as described in the first
method above.
• For recording the RHYTHM
tracks, the instrument
symbols printed on the front
edge of the panel show you
the instrument assignments
to each key. See “Keyboard
Percussion” on page 31 for
playing each drum/
percussion sound.
Style Recording
Since the rhythm pattern plays back repeatedly, you can record by overdubbing
— listening to the pattern and playing the desired keys. Look at the icons
printed under the keys indicating the percussion sounds that are assigned to
each key.
You can also delete certain percussion sounds in the following way:
1) Press the [NEXT] button.
Drum Cancel
2) Press the key on the keyboard corresponding to the instrument you want
to cancel.
3) To return to the original display, press the [BACK] button.
14
15
Press the [START/STOP] button to stop recording.
Press the [RECORD] button to exit from the Record mode.
You should save the recorded data before leaving the recording mode. (Refer
to page 100 for details.)
97
99
Style Recording
Exiting from the Style Record mode
To leave the style recording mode, follow the instructions in the chart below.
Press the [RECORD] button.
Press the [-/NO] button to exit from the
Style Record mode without storing the
performance data to Internal Memory.
Store OK?
Press the [+/YES] button.
Str =UserStyle1
Select a style number
(destination).
Press the [NEXT] button.
Are You Sure?
Press the [+/YES] button to exit from the Style
Record mode after storing the performance data to
Internal Memory.
Style Recording — Bass/Phrase/Pad/Chord Tracks
This section explains how to record all tracks (other than the rhythm), using the preset
styles.
Unlike recording the rhythm track, in this method you have to clear the track data of
the original style before recording.
1-9
10
Use the same operation as in “Style Recording —
Rhythm Track” above.
Select a Track to be recorded.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Select from the following: “BASS,” “CHORD1,” “CHORD2,” “PAD,”
“PHRASE1,” and “PHRASE2”.
Rec Track
11
• Only one track can be
recorded at a time.
=Bas
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Record Ready screen.
CAUTION
• Be aware that this process
automatically clears the
data in the track selected
in step #10.
100
98
Style Recording
12
Select a voice for the track to be recorded.
13
Start recording.
Select the desired voice by pressing the [VOICE R1] button (page 26).
To return to the previous display, press the [EXIT] button.
You can start recording with one of the following ways:
• Press the [START/STOP] button.
• Press the [SYNC START] button to enable synchronized standby (page 25),
then play a key on the keyboard.
Style Recording
The recording repeats indefinitely (until stopped) in a loop.
Notes that you record will play back from the next repetition, letting you record
while hearing previously recorded material.
Observe the following rules when recording the MAIN and FILL sections:
• Use only the CM7 scale tones when recording the BASS and PHRASE tracks
(i.e. C, D, E, G, A and B).
• Use only the chord tones when recording the CHORD and PAD tracks (i.e. C,
E, G and B).
C S C
C S C
C = chord tone
C, S = scale tones
Any appropriate chord or chord progression can be used for the INTRO and
ENDING sections.
14
15
Press the [START/STOP] button to stop recording.
Press the [RECORD] button to exit from the Record mode.
For information on leaving the recording mode, see page 100.
99
101
Style Recording
Quantize
Quantize lets you “clean up” or “tighten” the timing of a previously recorded track.
For example, the following musical passage has been written with exact quarter-note
and eighth-note values.
Even though you think you may have recorded the passage accurately, your actual
performance may be slightly ahead of or behind the beat (or both!). Quantize allows
you to align all the notes in a track so that the timing is absolutely accurate to the
specified note value.
1-5
6
Use the same operation as in “Style Recording —
Rhythm Track” (page 98).
Select “Edit”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
RecMode=Edit
7
8
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Edit Menu screen.
Select “Quantize”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Ed Menu=Quantize
9
10
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Section selection
screen.
Select the section to be quantized.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Section=Main A
11
12
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Track selection
screen.
Select the track to be quantized.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Quantize Tr =Pad
102
100
Style Recording
13
Press the [NEXT] button.
Q.Size =
14
Select the Quantize size (resolution).
Use the data dial, the [-/NO] button or the [+/YES] button.
Set the Quantize resolution to correspond to the smallest notes in the track you
are working with. For example, if the data was recorded with quarter notes and
eighth notes, use 1/8 for the quantize resolution. If the quantize function is
applied in this case with the resolution set to 1/4, the eighth notes would be
moved on top of the quarter notes.
● Quantize size
Size
Note
1/4
Quarter note
1/6
Quarter note triplet
1/8
Eighth note
1/12
Eighth note triplet
1/16
Sixteenth note
1/24
Sixteenth note triplet
1/32
Thirty-second note
15
1/4
One measure of 8th notes before quantization
After quantization
Press the [NEXT] button to display the QUANTIZE operation
screen.
Quantize OK?
• You can audition the quantized pattern in this step, allowing you to hear the
results of the operation before actually changing the data. To audition the
pattern, press the [START/STOP] button.
16
Press the [+/YES] button to execute the Quantize operation.
To abort the Quantize operation, press the [-/NO] button.
The Quantize operation is completed...
Completed
17
Press the [RECORD] button to exit from the Record mode.
For information on leaving the recording mode, see page 100.
101
103
Style Recording
Naming User Styles
1-7
8
Use the same operation as in “Quantize” (page 102).
Select “Name”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Ed Menu=Name
9
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Name screen.
Nam=UserStyle1
_
cursor
10
Enter the desired name for the style.
11
Press the [RECORD] button to exit from the Record mode.
Use the keyboard to enter the name (page 21).
Up to 12 letters or characters can be used.
For information on leaving the recording mode, see page 100.
Clearing User Style Data
1-7
8
Use the same operation as in “Quantize” (page 102).
Select “Clear”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Ed Menu=Clear
9
10
11
12
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Section selection
screen.
Select a Section to be cleared.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
When “All Sect” is selected as the section to be cleared, all style data (which
includes all sections and all tracks) will be deleted. In this case, go to step #13,
skipping over steps #11 and #12.
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Track selection screen.
Select a Track to be cleared.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
104
102
Style Recording
13
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Clear screen.
Clear OK?
14
Press the [+/YES] button to execute the Clear operation.
To abort the Clear operation, press the [-/NO] button.
The Clear operation is completed...
Completed
15
Press the [RECORD] button to exit from the Record mode.
For information on leaving the recording mode, see page 100.
103
105
MIDI Functions
In the rear panel of your PSR-540, there are MIDI terminals (MIDI IN, MIDI OUT), a TO HOST terminal,
and a HOST SELECT switch. By using the MIDI functions you can expand your musical possibilities. This
section explains what MIDI is, and what it can do, as well as how you can use MIDI on your PSR-540.
● If you don’t know what MIDI is, make sure to read these sections:
• What’s MIDI? .............................................................................................. page 106
• What You Can Do With MIDI ...................................................................... page 108
• MIDI Data Compatibility ............................................................................. page 109
● If you want to use your PSR-540 with a computer, read this section:
• Connecting to a Personal Computer .......................................................... page 110
● The PSR-540 lets you make the following MIDI-related settings:
• MIDI Template ............................................................................................ page 112
• MIDI Transmit Setting ................................................................................. page 114
• MIDI Receive Setting ................................................................................. page 115
• Local Control .............................................................................................. page 116
• Clock .......................................................................................................... page 116
• Initial Data Send ......................................................................................... page 117
What’s MIDI?
No doubt you have heard the terms “acoustic instrument” and “digital instrument.” In the world today, these are the
two main categories of instruments. Let’s consider an acoustic piano and a classical guitar as representative acoustic
instruments. They are easy to understand. With the piano, you strike a key, and a hammer inside hits some strings
and plays a note. With the guitar, you directly pluck a string and the note sounds. But how does a digital instrument
go about playing a note?
● Acoustic guitar note production
● Digital instrument note production
L
Sampling
Note
Tone Generator
(Electric circuit)
Sampling
Note
R
Playing the keyboard
Based on playing information from the keyboard, a
sampling note stored in the tone generator is played
through the speakers.
Pluck a string and the body resonates
the sound.
As shown in the illustration above, in an electronic instrument the sampling note (previously recorded note) stored
in the tone generator section (electronic circuit) is played based on information received from the keyboard. So then
what is the information from the keyboard that becomes the basis for note production?
For example, let’s say you play a “C” quarter note using the grand piano sound on the PSR-540 keyboard. Unlike
an acoustic instrument that puts out a resonated note, the electronic instrument puts out information from the
keyboard such as “with what voice,” “with which key,” “about how strong,” “when was it pressed,” and “when was
it released.” Then each piece of information is changed into a number value and sent to the tone generator. Using
these numbers as a basis, the tone generator plays the stored sampling note.
● Example of Keyboard Information
Voice number (with what voice)
Note number (with which key)
Note on (when was it pressed) and
note off (when was it released)
Velocity (about how strong)
01 (grand piano)
60 (C3)
Timing expressed numerically (quarter note)
120 (strong)
106
104
MIDI Functions
MIDI is an acronym that stands for Musical Instrument Digital Interface, which allows electronic musical instruments to communicate with each other, by sending and receiving compatible Note, Control Change, Program
Change and various other types of MIDI data, or messages.
The PSR-540 can control a MIDI device by transmitting note related data and various types of controller data. The
PSR-540 can be controlled by the incoming MIDI messages which automatically determine tone generator mode,
select MIDI channels, voices and effects, change parameter values and of course play the voices
specified for the various parts.
MIDI messages can be divided into two groups: Channel messages and System messages. Below is an explanation
of the various types of MIDI messages which the PSR-540 can receive/transmit.
● Channel Messages
The PSR-540 is an electronic instrument that can handle 16 channels. This is
usually expressed as “it can play 16 instruments at the same time.” Channel messages transmit information such as Note ON/OFF, Program Change, for each of the
16 channels.
Message Name
Note ON/OFF
Program Change
Control Change
PSR-540 Operation/Panel Setting
Messages which are generated when the keyboard is
played.
Each message includes a specific note number which corresponds to the key which is pressed, plus a velocity value
based on how hard the key is stuck.
Voice setting (control change bank select MSB/LSB setting)
Mixer, Parameter Edit setting(volume, pan pot, etc.)
● System Messages
This is data that is used in common by the entire MIDI system. System messages
include messages like Exclusive Messages that transmit data unique to each instrument manufacturer and Realtime Messages that control the MIDI device.
Message Name
Exclusive Message
Realtime Messages
• The performance data of all
songs, styles and Multi Pads
is MIDI data.
PSR-540 Operation/Panel Setting
Reverb/chorus/DSP settings, etc.
Clock setting
Start/stop operation
The messages transmitted/received by the PSR-540 are shown in the MIDI Data
Format and MIDI Implementation Chart on pages 138 and 150.
MIDI and TO HOST terminals
In order to exchange MIDI data between multiple devices, each device must be connected by a cable.
There are two ways to connect: from the MIDI terminals of the PSR-540 to the MIDI
terminals of an external device using a MIDI cable, or from the TO HOST port of the
PSR-540 to the serial port of a personal computer using a special cable.
If you connect from the PSR-540 TO HOST terminal to a personal computer, the PSR540 will be used as a MIDI interface device, meaning that a specialized MIDI interface
device is not necessary.
In the rear panel of the PSR-540, there are two kinds of terminals, the MIDI terminals
and the TO HOST terminal.
● MIDI IN ......... Receives MIDI data from another MIDI device.
● MIDI OUT ..... Transmits the PSR-540’s keyboard information as
MIDI data to another MIDI device.
● TO HOST ..... Transmits and receives MIDI data to and from a
personal computer.
• When using the TO HOST
terminal to connect to a
personal computer using
Windows, a Yamaha MIDI
driver must be installed in
the personal computer. The
included disk contains the
Yamaha MIDI driver.
• Special MIDI cables (sold
separately) must be used for
connecting to MIDI devices.
They can be bought at music
stores, etc.
• Never use MIDI cables
longer than about 15 meters.
Cables longer than this can
pick up noise which can
cause data errors.
105
107
MIDI Functions
The PSR-540 is an electronic musical instrument which is capable of transmitting and receiving over sixteen
channels. Imagine that there are sixteen separate pipes in the connected MIDI cable. When transmitting MIDI data
from the PSR-540 to an external device, MIDI data is sent through the assigned pipe (or MIDI channel) and transmitted to the external device.
For example, several tracks can be transmitted simultaneously, including the auto accompaniment data (as shown
below).
When recording performance data using the Auto
Accompaniment on an external sequencer
MIDI cable
PSR-540 part
External sequencer
Voice R1
Voice L
Auto Accompaniment Bass
Channel 1
Channel 2
Channel 3
Track 1
Track 2
Track 3
Auto Accompaniment Chord 1
Auto Accompaniment Chord 2
Auto Accompaniment Pad
Auto Accompaniment Phrase 1
Auto Accompaniment Phrase 2
Channel 4
Channel 5
Channel 6
Channel 7
Channel 8
Track 4
Track 5
Track 6
Track 7
Track 8
Auto Accompaniment Rhythm Main
Auto Accompaniment Rhythm Sub
Voice R2
Channel 9
Channel 10
Channel 11
Track 9
Track 10
Track 11
As you can see, it is essential to determine which data is to be sent over which MIDI channel when transmitting
MIDI data (page 114).
What You Can Do With MIDI
● Use the PSR-540 as a multi tone generator (playing 16 channels at one time).
• When using a personal
computer, special software
(sequencer software) is
needed.
PSR-540
MIDI IN
MIDI OUT
MIDI receive
Personal computer,
QY700, etc.
Receive mode for all channels set to “XG/GM.”
MIDI receive settings (page 115).
● Play music from another keyboard (no tone generator) using the PSR-540 XG tone
generator.
MIDI receive
PSR-540
MIDI IN
MIDI OUT
MIDI keyboard with
no tone generator
MIDI receive settings (page 115).
● Record performance data (1-16 channels) using the PSR-540 Auto Accompaniment
on a external sequencer (such as a personal computer). After recording, edit the data
with the sequencer, then play it again on the PSR-540 (playback).
Can be used to edit and
arrange after recording
MIDI transmit
PSR-540
MIDI OUT
MIDI IN
MIDI IN
MIDI OUT
MIDI receive
(playback)
MIDI transmit settings (page 114).
Initial Data send (page 117).
Personal computer,
QY700, etc.
108
106
MIDI Functions
MIDI Data Compatibility
This section covers basic information on data compatibility: whether or not other MIDI devices can playback the
data recorded by PSR-540, and whether or not the PSR-540 can playback commercially available song data or song
data created for other instruments or on a computer.
Depending on the MIDI device or data characteristics, you may be able to play back the data without any problem,
or you may have to perform some special operations before the data can be played back. If you run into problems
playing back data, please refer to the information below.
Sequence format
The system which records song data is called “sequence format.”
Playback is only possible when the sequence format of the disk matches that of the MIDI device.
● SMF (Standard MIDI File)
This is the most common sequence format.
Standard MIDI Files are generally available as one of two types: Format 0 or Format 1. Many
MIDI devices are compatible with Format 0, and most commercially available software is
recorded as Format 0.
• The PSR-540 is compatible with both Format 0 and Format 1.
• Song data recorded on the PSR-540 is automatically recorded as SMF Format 0.
● ESEQ
This sequence format is compatible with many of Yamaha’s MIDI devices, including the
Clavinova series instruments. This is a common format used with various Yamaha software.
• The PSR-540 is compatible with ESEQ.
● Style File
The Style File Format — SFF — is Yamaha’s original style file format which uses a unique
conversion system to provide high-quality automatic accompaniment based on a wide range
of chord types.
• The PSR-540 uses the SFF internally, reads optional SFF style disks, and creates SFF
styles using the Style recording feature.
Voice allocation format
With MIDI, voices are assigned to specific numbers, called “program numbers.” The numbering standard (order of
voice allocation) is referred to as the “voice allocation format.”
Voices may not play back as expected unless the voice allocation format of the song data matches that of the
compatible MIDI device used for playback.
● GM System Level 1
This is one of the most common voice allocation formats.
Many MIDI devices are compatible with GM System Level 1, as is most commercially
available software.
• The PSR-540 is compatible with GM System Level 1.
● XG
XG is a major enhancement of the GM System Level 1 format, and was developed by
Yamaha specifically to provide more voices and variations, as well as greater expressive
control over voices and effects, and to ensure compatibility of data well into the future.
• The PSR-540 is compatible with XG.
• Even if the devices and data
used satisfy all the
conditions above, the data
may still not be completely
compatible, depending on
the specifications of the
devices and particular data
recording methods.
● DOC
This voice allocation format is compaible with many of Yamaha’s MIDI devices, including the
Clavinova series instruments.
This is also a common format used with various Yamaha software.
• The PSR-540 is compatible with DOC.
107
109
MIDI Functions
Connecting to a Personal Computer
You can enjoy using personal computer music software when you connect your PSR540’s TO HOST terminal or MIDI terminals to a personal computer.
There are two ways to connect.
• Connect using the PSR-540 MIDI terminals
• Connect using the TO HOST terminal
Connect using the PSR-540 MIDI terminals
Using a MIDI interface device installed in the personal computer, connect the MIDI
terminals of the personal computer and the PSR-540.
For the connection cable, use a special MIDI cable.
● When the computer has a MIDI interface installed, connect the MIDI OUT
terminal of the personal computer to the MIDI IN terminal of the PSR-540. Set
the HOST SELECT switch to “MIDI.”
Computer
(sequencer software)
MIDI OUT
MIDI IN
MIDI IN
PSR-540
MIDI OUT
● When using a MIDI interface with a Macintosh series computer, connect the RS422 terminal of the computer (modem or printer terminal) to the MIDI interface,
then connect the MIDI OUT terminal on the MIDI interface to the MIDI IN
terminal of the PSR-540, as shown in the diagram below. Set the HOST SELECT switch on the PSR-540 to “MIDI.”
Computer
(sequencer software)
MIDI
interface
RS-422
MIDI IN
PSR-540
MIDI OUT
• When the HOST SELECT switch is set in the “MIDI” position, input and
output in the TO HOST switch is ignored.
• When using a Macintosh series computer, set the MIDI interface clock setting
in the application software to match the setting of the MIDI interface you are
using. For details, carefully read the owner’s manual for the software you are
using.
110
108
MIDI Functions
Connect using the TO HOST terminal
Connect the serial port of the personal computer (RS-232C terminal or RS-422 terminal) to the TO HOST terminal of the PSR-540.
For the connection cable, use the cable below (sold separately) that matches the
personal computer type.
● IBM-PC/AT Series
Connect the RS-232C terminal on the computer to the TO HOST terminal on the
PSR-540 using a serial cable (D-SUB 9P → MINI DIN 8P cross cable). Set the
PSR-540 HOST SELECT switch in the “PC-2” position.
PSR-540
mini DIN 8-pin
D-SUB 9-pin
When using a D-SUB 25P → MINI DIN 8P cross cable, connect using a D-SUB
9P plug adaptor on the computer side of the cable.
PSR-540
mini DIN 8-pin
D-SUB 25-pin
D-SUB 9-pin
● Macintosh Series
Connect the RS-422 terminal (modem or printer terminal) on the computer to the
TO HOST terminal on the PSR-540 using a serial cable (system peripheral
cable, 8 bit). Set the PSR-540 HOST SELECT switch in the “Mac” position.
PSR-540
mini DIN 8-pin
mini DIN 8-pin
Set the MIDI interface clock in the sequencer software you are using to 1 MHz.
For details, carefully read the owner’s manual for the software you are using.
For details about the necessary MIDI settings for computer and sequence software you are using, refer to the relevant owner’s manuals.
109
• Macintosh is a registered trademark of Apple Computer, Inc.
• IBM PC/AT is a trademark of International Business Machines Corp.
• Other company names and product names, etc. in this manual are registered trademarks or trademarks of those companies.
111
MIDI Functions
MIDI Template
The PSR-540 is capable of transmitting and receiving MIDI data over sixteen independent channels. For proper MIDI operation, it is necessary to determine which data is
set to which channel.
The MIDI Template function allows you to instantly configure all appropriate transmit/
receive settings with a single button press.
1
Press the [FUNCTION] button.
2
Select “Midi.”
VOICE LR12
STYLE
SONG
FUNCTION
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
F5 Midi
3
Press the [NEXT] button to display the MIDI screen.
4
Select “Template.”
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Menu=Template
5
Press the [NEXT] button to display the MIDI Template screen.
Type=XG Module
6
Select a MIDI Template.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
For details, refer to the MIDI Template List (page 113).
Type=Acmp Out
112
110
MIDI Functions
7
Press the [NEXT] button.
Midi Temp Load?
8
Load the selected MIDI Template.
Press the [+/YES] button to actually load the selected MIDI template settings.
To abort the operation, press the [-/NO] button.
Completed
● MIDI Template List
Keyboard Out
Acmp Out
Song Out
Master Keyboard
XG Module
Accordion
Midi Pedal
The transmit channels are set as follows:
ch. 1: Right1, ch. 2: Right2, ch. 3: Left, chs. 4-16: Off
When outputting the performance data (note on/off messages).
Used to play the PSR-540 note on/off data with an external tone
generator and to record the PSR-540 note on/off data to an
external sequencer.
The transmit channels 9-16 are set with the Accompaniment
tracks.
chs. 1-8: Off, chs. 9-10: Rhythms, ch. 11: Bass,
chs. 12-13: Chords, ch. 14: Pad, chs. 15-16: Phrases
When outputting the style data. Used to play the PSR-540 auto
accompaniment data with an external tone generator and to record
the PSR-540 auto accompaniment data to an external sequencer.
All transmit channels are set with the Song tracks 1-16.
When outputting the song data. Used to play the PSR-540 song
data with an external tone generator and to record your entire
performance on the PSR-540 to an external sequencer.
When using the PSR-540 as a master keyboard; in other words,
using it strictly as a controller for outputting MIDI data, without
using the internal sounds.
All receive channels are set to “XG/GM.”
When using the PSR-540 as a multi-timbral XG tone generator.
The receive channels are set as follows:
ch. 1: Remote, ch. 2: Chord, ch. 3: Bass, chs. 4-16: Off
When playing the PSR-540 by an external MIDI Accordion.
The connected MIDI accordion can play the PSR-540 and detect
chords and basses in the auto accompaniment section.
All receive channels are set to “Root.”
When playing the PSR-540 using a connected (optional) MIDI
pedal. The connected MIDI pedal detects chords and basses in the
auto accompaniment section, allowing you to play on-bass chords.
111
113
MIDI Functions
MIDI Transmit Setting
The PSR-540 can simultaneously transmit data on all 16 MIDI channels. The Transmit
Channel and Transmit Track functions determine what PSR-540 data is transmitted via
which MIDI channels.
1
2
3
4
Press the [FUNCTION] button.
Select “Midi.”
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Press the [NEXT] button to display the MIDI screen.
Select “Transmit Ch.”
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Menu=Transmit Ch
5
6
Press the [NEXT] button to display the MIDI Transmit Ch
screen.
Set a MIDI Transmit Channel and Transmit Track.
● Press one of the [TRACK1]-[TRACK16] buttons to select a MIDI channel.
Trans Ch16=R1
● Select a track with the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Off
R1
R2
L
Upper
Lower
RhM
RhS
Bas
Ch1
Ch2
Pad
Ph1
Ph2
Tr 1-16
Nothing is transmitted.
Right-hand keyboard playing* (VOICE R1)**
Right-hand keyboard playing* (VOICE R2)**
Left-hand keyboard playing* (VOICE L)**
Right-hand keyboard playing*
(Outputs MIDI note data normally as explained on page 29.)
Left-hand keyboard playing*
(Outputs MIDI note data normally as explained on page 29.)
Auto Accompaniment RHYTHM MAIN track
Auto Accompaniment RHYTHM SUB track
Auto Accompaniment BASS track
Auto Accompaniment CHORD1 track
Auto Accompaniment CHORD2 track
Auto Accompaniment PAD track
Auto Accompaniment PHRASE1 track
Auto Accompaniment PHRASE2 track
Song track 1-16
* “Right-hand keyboard playing” and “Left-hand keyboard playing” indicate the
performance played on the right side and left side of the keyboard from the split
point, respectively.
** Outputs MIDI note data according to the respective octave settings for the voices
R1, R2 and L.
• When a track is assigned to
more than one MIDI channel,
the data from that track is
transmitted via the lowestnumbered channel.
• MIDI transmit track settings
will be retained even after
turning the power off. See
page 135 for details.
• The initial default channel/
track settings are:
• Ch. 1 = R1
• Ch. 2 = R2
• Ch. 3 = L
• Ch. 4 = Off
• Ch. 5 = Off
• Ch. 6 = Off
• Ch. 7 = Off
• Ch. 8 = Off
• Ch. 9 = RhS
• Ch. 10 = RhM
• Ch. 11 = Bas
• Ch. 12 = Ch1
• Ch. 13 = Ch2
• Ch. 14 = Pad
• Ch. 15 = Ph1
• Ch. 16 = Ph2
• To avoid MIDI loops which
can cause operational errors,
check the PSR-540 Local
Control setting (page 116),
and the MIDI THRU settings
of any external MIDI devices.
114
112
MIDI Functions
MIDI Receive Setting
The PSR-540 can simultaneously receive data on all 16 MIDI channels, allowing it to
function as a 16-channel multi-timbral tone generator. The Receive Channel and
Receive Mode functions determine how each channel will respond to received MIDI
data.
1
2
3
4
Press the [FUNCTION] button.
Select “Midi.”
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Press the [NEXT] button to display the MIDI screen.
Select “Receive Ch.”
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Menu=Receive Ch
5
6
Press the [NEXT] button to display the MIDI Receive Ch
screen.
Set a MIDI Receive Channel and Receive mode.
● Press one of the [TRACK1]-[TRACK16] buttons to select a MIDI channel.
Reciv Ch01=XG/GM
● Select a receive mode with the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO]
button.
OFF
XG/GM
Keybd
Chord
Root
• The initial default setting
(factory setting) for all
channels is “XG/GM.”
• MIDI receive mode settings
will be retained even after
turning the power off. See
page 135 for details.
No MIDI data is received on channels set to “Off”.
Received MIDI data is sent directly to the PSR-540 tone
generator. If all channels are set to “XG/GM”, the PSR-540
functions as a 16-channel multi-timbral tone generator.
Received MIDI data is handled in the same way as data
generated by the PSR-540’s own keyboard. In other words, a
remote keyboard could be used to control the PSR-740/640
AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT functions, etc.
The note on/off messages received at the channel(s) set to
“Chord” are recognized as the fingerings in the accompaniment
section. The chords to be detected depend on the fingering
mode on the PSR-540. The chords will be detected regardless
of the accompaniment on/off and split point settings on the
PSR-540 panel.
The note on/off messages received at the channel(s) set to
“Root” are recognized as the bass notes in the accompaniment
section. The bass notes will be detected regardless of the
accompaniment on/off and split point settings on the PSR-540
panel.
113
115
MIDI Functions
Local Control
“Local Control” refers to the fact that, normally, the PSR-540 keyboard controls the
internal tone generator, allowing the internal voices to be played directly from the
keyboard. This situation is “Local Control on” since the internal tone generator is
controlled locally by its own keyboard. Local control can be turned off, however, so
that the keyboard does not play the internal voices, but the appropriate MIDI information is still transmitted via the MIDI OUT connector when notes are played on the
keyboard. At the same time, the internal tone generator can respond to MIDI information received on channels set to the “XG/GM” mode via the MIDI IN connector. This
means that while an external MIDI sequencer, for example, plays the PSR-540 internal
voices, an external tone generator can be played from the PSR-540 keyboard.
1
2
3
4
• The default Local Control
setting (factory setting) is
“On”.
Press the [FUNCTION] button.
Select “Midi”.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Press the [NEXT] button to display the MIDI screen.
Select “Local.”
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Menu=Local
5
6
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Local Control screen.
Turn the Local Control on or off.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-NO] button.
Local
=Off
Clock
Reception of an external MIDI clock signal can be enabled or disabled as required.
When disabled (“Int”), all of the time-based functions (Auto Accompaniment, SONG
recording and playback, etc.) are controlled by its own internal clock. When MIDI
clock reception is enabled (“Ext”), however, all timing is controlled by an external
MIDI clock signal received via the MIDI IN terminal (in this case the PSR-540
TEMPO setting has no effect). The default setting is “Int”.
1
2
Press the [FUNCTION] button.
Select “Midi.”
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
116
114
MIDI Functions
3
4
Press the [NEXT] button to display the MIDI screen.
• The default Clock setting
(factory setting) is “Int.”
Select “Ext Clock.”
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Menu=Clock
5
6
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Clock screen.
Set the Clock to “Int” or “Ext.”
• When the Clock setting is
“Ext,” auto accompaniment
playback cannot be started
via the panel [START/STOP]
button. Also, Multi Pad
playback cannot be initiated
by pressing the any of the
Multi Pads.
• When the Clock setting is
“Ext”, “EC” will appear on the
TEMPO display, and tempo
cannot be changed with the
panel button.
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Clock
=Int
Initial Data Send
Transmits all current panel settings to a second PSR-540 or a MIDI data storage
device.
If you want to have the song play back with the panel settings used for recording,
execute the Initial Data Send function before recording the performance on the PSR540 to an external sequencer.
1
2
3
4
Press the [FUNCTION] button.
Select “Midi.”
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Press the [NEXT] button to display the MIDI screen.
Select “Init Send.”
Use the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Menu=Init Send
5
6
Press the [NEXT] button to display the Init Send screen.
Execute the Init Send
operation.
Press the [+/YES] button to
execute the Init Send operation.
To abort the operation, press
the [-/NO] button.
Init Send?
Completed
115
117
Other Functions (Utility)
This section of the manual covers some important functions of the PSR-540 that have not been explained in previous sections. These are all combined in the Utility menu of the “Function” section.
• Metronome ................................................................................................. page 118
• Part Octave ................................................................................................ page 118
• Master Tuning ............................................................................................. page 119
• Scale Tuning ............................................................................................... page 119
• Split Point ................................................................................................... page 119
• Touch Sensitivity ........................................................................................ page 120
• Voice Set .................................................................................................... page 120
• Footswitch .................................................................................................. page 121
• Pitch Bend Range ...................................................................................... page 122
Each of the above functions can be set as described below.
1
F4 Utility
Utility=Metronom
Metronome
=Off
2
3
4
5
6
Press the [FUNCTION] button.
Select “Utility.”
Press the [NEXT] button.
Select a function.
Press the [NEXT] button.
Set the value.
The operations for each function corresponding to step #6 are covered in the following explanations.
Metronome
When this is set to “ON,” the metronome sounds at the set tempo for the following
conditions.
• Accompaniment playback
• Song playback
• Synchronized start standby
• Record standby
• Recording
Metronome
=On
• Turn Metronome ON or OFF with the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the
[-/NO] button.
• The Metronome cannot be
turned on when free-tempo
song data is selected in the
Song mode.
The tempo setting of some
commercially available songs
is fixed. These songs are
called “free-tempo software.”
When playing back freetempo song data on the
PSR-540, the Tempo display
shows “- - -” and the beat
display does not flash. Also,
the measure number in the
display does not match the
actual measure number of
playback, and only gives you
an indication of how much of
the song has played back.
118
116
Other Functions (Utility)
Part Octave
This determines the relative octave settings for the keyboard-played voices R1, R2 and
L.
Octave R1
= 1
• Select the part (R1, R2, L) by pressing one of the PART ON/OFF buttons
(VOICE R1, VOICE R2, VOICE L).
• Set the value with the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Master Tuning
The Master Tuning function sets the overall pitch of the PSR-540.
The range is from 414.6 Hz to 466.8 Hz.
Tuning
=414.6
• Set the value with the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
Scale Tuning
Scale tuning allows each individual note of the octave to be tuned over range from -64
to +63 cents in 1-cent increments (1 cent = 1/100th of a semitone). This makes it
possible to produce subtle tuning variations, or tune the instrument to totally different
scales (e.g. classic or Arabic scales).
The Accompaniment and Multi Pad sounds are affected by Scale Tuning.
• The scale tuning settings are
common to each octave on
the keyboard.
• Minus values can be entered
by using the number buttons
while holding the [-/NO]
button.
ScaleTune C#= 63
• Select the note to be tuned by pressing the [NEXT]/[BACK] button.
• Tune the selected note by using the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the
[-/NO] button or the number buttons [1]-[0].
Split Point
The point on the keyboard that separates the auto accompaniment section and the righthand section of the keyboard is called the “split point.”
• When the auto accompaniment is on, keys played to the left of the split point are
used for controlling the auto accompaniment (page 33).
• When the auto accompaniment is off, keys played to the left of the split point are
used for playing voice L (page 28).
Split =
• The default setting (factory
setting) is “F#2.”
C3
• Set the value with the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the [-/NO] button.
117
119
Other Functions (Utility)
Touch Sensitivity
The keyboard of the PSR-540 is equipped with a touch response feature that lets you
dynamically and expressively control the level of the voices with your playing strength
— just as on an acoustic instrument. The Touch Sensitivity parameter gives you
detailed control over the touch response feature by letting you set the degree of touch
response.
Touch Sense =127
• Set the value with the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO] button or the
number buttons [1]-[0].
The range is from 0 to 127. The greater the value, the more sensitive the keyboard is to
your playing strength, and the more dynamic range that can be brought out of the
voices.
A setting of “0” results in a fixed touch response, or no level change no matter how
hard or how soft you play the keys. (This setting is good for instrument sounds such as
organ or harpsichord, which normally do not have touch response.) You can also
achieve the same effect by turning touch response off with the [TOUCH] button on the
panel (the indicator turns off).
DSP(FAST)
TOUCH
SUSTAIN
HARMONY
Voice Set
The Voice Set feature brings out the best in each individual voice by automatically
setting a range of important voice-related parameters whenever an R1 panel voice is
selected. The parameters that may be set by the Voice Set feature are listed below. This
function lets you turn Voice Set on or off, as required.
● Voice Set Parameter List
• Voice R1 (Volume, octave, pan, reverb depth, chorus depth, DSP depth)
• Voice R2 (Voice number, volume, octave, pan, reverb depth, chorus depth, DSP
depth)
• Harmony Type, Volume, Part setting
• DSP on/off, type, return level and FAST/SLOW
Voice Set
=On
• Turn Voice Set On or Off by using the data dial, the [+/YES] button or the
[-/NO] button.
120
118
Other Functions (Utility)
Footswitch
Various functions can be assigned to the footswitch connected to the FOOT SWITCH
jack. The polarity of the footswitch can also be changed.
• Select the Functions to be controlled by the footswitch.
Type=Sustain
Use the data dial, the [+/YES]
button or the [-/NO] button.
Press the [NEXT] button.
• Set the polarity of the footswitch NORMAL or REVERSE.
Polarity =Norm
Use the data dial, the [+/YES]
button or the [-/NO] button.
● Functions controlled by the footswitch
Sustain
When you press the foot switch,
sustain is applied to the keyboard
notes.
For “Sustain,” if you press and hold the foot switch here,
all the notes shown will be sustained.
Sostenuto
When you press the foot switch,
the sostenuto effect is applied to
the keyboard notes.
For “Sostenuto,” if you press and hold the foot switch
here, only the first note will be sustained (the note that
you played and held when pressing the foot switch).
Soft
Regist +
Regist -
Start/Stop
Synchro Stop
Bass Hold
Break
Tap Tempo
When you press the foot switch, the soft effect is applied to the keyboard notes.
When you press the foot switch, a register with one number higher is recalled.
For example, if you step on the foot switch with bank 1-3 recalled, 1-4 will be
recalled, then next 2-1 will be recalled.
When you press the foot switch, a register with one number lower is recalled. For
example, if you step on the foot switch with bank 3-2 recalled, 3-1 will be
recalled, then next 2-4 will be recalled.
Pressing the footswitch has the same effect as pressing the START/STOP button
on the panel.
Pressing the footswitch has the same effect as pressing the SYNC STOP button
on the panel.
The bass root note will be held as long as you press the footswitch.
When you press the foot switch, accompaniment will stop. Releasing the switch
with the foot will cause it to play again from the next measure.
Pressing the footswitch has the same effect as pressing the TAP TEMPO button
on the panel.
• When using the “Regist +” or
“Regist -” functions with the
fooswitch, make sure to
make the appropriate setting
(“Regist +” or “Regist -”) to all
of the Registrations you
intend to use with the
footswitch.
● Polarity
This parameter lets you configure the foot switch response of the PSR-540 to
match that of the particular foot switch you are using. If the foot switch works in
the opposite way (i.e., pressing the foot switch has no effect, but releasing it
does), try changing this setting. The default setting is “Norm.”
119
121
Other Functions (Utility)
Pitch Bend Range
This determines the maximum pitch bend range for the PITCH BEND wheel.
The range is from “0” to “12”. Each increment corresponds to one semitone.
Bend Range = 4
• Set the Pitch Bend Range with the data dial, the [+/YES] button, the [-/NO]
button or the number buttons [1]-[0].
122
120
Appendix
Voice List
PSR-540 Voices
The PSR-540 actually includes two voice sets: the “panel” voices and percussion kits, and the XG voices. The panel
voices include 215 “pitched” voices and 12 drum kits, while the XG voice set includes 480 voices.
The panel voices are specially recorded and programmed voices exclusive to the PSR-540 and other PortaTone
instruments. The XG voices conform to Yamaha’s XG format; they also conform to the GM (General MIDI) standard. This
allows you to accurately play back any GM- or XG-compatible song data directly on the PSR-540 itself, without having to
change voices or make special settings. It also allows you to record songs for other GM- or XG-compatible instruments,
and have them play back on those instruments as intended.
● Voices
Panel Voices
PSR-540
001-215
Drum Kits
(Panel Voices)
216-227
XG Voices
228-707
● Maximum Polyphony
The PSR-540 has 32-note maximum polyphony. Auto Accompaniment uses a number of the available notes, so when
Auto Accompaniment is used the total number of notes that can be played on the keyboard is correspondingly reduced.
The same applies to the Voice R2, Voice L, Multi Pad, and Song functions. When the maximum polyphony is exceeded,
notes are played using last-note priority.
• The Voice List includes
MIDI program change
numbers for each voice.
Use these program change
numbers when playing the
PSR-540 via MIDI from an
external device.
• When the sustain or
sostenuto pedal functions
are being used (page 121),
some voices may sound
continuously or have a long
decay after the notes have
been released while the
pedal is held.
Panel Voice List
Bank Select
Voice
Number
MSB
LSB
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
112
112
112
114
112
113
112
113
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
114
115
118
117
112
112
115
113
116
114
113
112
113
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
112
113
120
112
113
115
115
116
112
113
114
116
117
117
118
119
118
114
114
112
113
MIDI
Program
Change
Number
Piano
0
1
3
2
2
2
6
6
E.Piano
4
4
4
5
5
4
5
5
5
5
4
7
7
Organ
16
16
16
17
17
16
17
16
18
18
18
17
17
16
16
16
17
16
17
19
19
Bank Select
Voice Name
Grand Piano
Bright Piano
Honky Tonk
Rock Piano
Midi Grand
CP 80
Harpsichord
Grand Harpsi
Galaxy EP
Polaris EP
Suitcase EP
Super DX EP
DX Modern EP
Funk EP
Modern EP
Hyper Tines
New Tines
Venus EP
Tremolo EP
Clavi
Wah Clavi
Jazz Organ1
Jazz Organ2
GlassJazzOrg
Click Organ
Dance Organ
DrawbarOrgan
Mellow Draw
Bright Draw
Rock Organ 1
Rock Organ 2
Purple Organ
60’s Organ
Blues Organ
16+1 Organ
16+2 Organ
16+4 Organ
Elec.Organ
TheaterOrg1
TheaterOrg2
Pipe Organ
ChapelOrgan1
Voice
Number
MSB
LSB
43
44
45
0
0
0
114
115
112
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
113
112
112
113
114
115
112
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
113
112
112
113
114
115
112
113
114
118
116
112
119
113
114
113
112
113
112
112
115
114
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
112
112
114
112
112
113
112
112
113
112
MIDI
Program
Change Voice Name
Number
19
ChapelOrgan2
19
ChapelOrgan3
20
Reed Organ
Accordion
21
Trad.Accrd
21
MusetteAccrd
23
Tango Accrd
23
Bandoneon
21
Soft Accrd
21
Accordion
22
Harmonica
Guitar
24
Spanish Gtr
24
Classic Gtr
25
Folk Guitar
25
12Str Guitar
24
Smooth Nylon
25
Campfire
26
Jazz Guitar
26
Octave Gtr
26
Hawaiian Gtr
27
Solid Guitar
27
Bright Clean
27
Clean Guitar
27
Elec12StrGtr
27
Tremolo Gtr
27
Slap Guitar
28
Funk Guitar
28
Muted Guitar
29
Feedback Gtr
29
Overdriven
30
Distortion
27
Pedal Steel
25
Mandolin
Bass
33
Finger Bass
32
AcousticBass
32
Bass&Cymbal
34
Pick Bass
35
FretlessBass
35
Jaco Bass
36
Slap Bass
37
Funk Bass
36
Fusion Bass
38
Synth Bass
121
123
Voice List
Bank Select
Voice
Number
MSB
LSB
85
86
87
88
0
0
0
0
112
113
113
114
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
112
113
114
113
114
115
115
112
112
112
112
112
112
112
113
112
112
112
112
112
113
112
112
112
112
114
115
116
117
118
0
0
0
0
0
112
112
113
113
112
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
115
112
114
113
112
112
114
112
112
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
113
112
116
117
118
119
113
114
115
120
113
112
112
113
114
MIDI
Program
Change
Number
39
39
38
38
Strings
48
48
48
49
49
48
49
49
44
45
50
51
55
40
40
110
41
42
43
46
46
106
107
104
105
Choir
52
54
53
52
53
Trumpet
56
56
56
56
59
57
57
60
58
Brass
61
61
61
61
61
61
59
61
61
61
57
62
63
62
62
Bank Select
Voice Name
Analog Bass
Dance Bass
Hi-Q Bass
Rave Bass
String Ensbl
Orch.Strings
SymphonicStr
Slow Strings
Str.Quartet
Concerto Str
Marcato Strs
Chamber Strs
Tremolo Strs
Pizz.Strings
Syn Strings
Analog Strs
OrchestraHit
Solo Violin
Soft Violin
Fiddle
Viola
Cello
Contrabass
Harp
Hackbrett
Shamisen
Koto
Sitar
Banjo
Choir
Air Choir
Gothic Vox
Vocal Ensbl
Vox Humana
SweetTrumpet
Solo Trumpet
Soft Trumpet
Flugel Horn
MutedTrumpet
Trombone
Mel.Trombone
French Horn
Tuba
BigBandBrass
BrassSection
Mellow Brass
Small Brass
Pop Brass
Mellow Horns
Ballroom Brs
Full Horns
High Brass
Bright Brass
Trb.Section
Synth Brass
Analog Brass
Jump Brass
Techno Brass
Voice
Number
MSB
LSB
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
114
113
112
112
112
112
116
115
112
113
113
112
112
112
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
112
113
112
112
112
112
112
112
112
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
116
112
112
113
112
114
115
113
113
112
114
115
117
116
117
118
118
119
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
113
115
112
113
112
112
114
112
112
112
112
112
112
113
115
113
113
MIDI
Program
Change Voice Name
Number
Saxophone
66
BreathyTenor
65
Breathy Alto
64
Soprano Sax
65
Alto Sax
66
Tenor Sax
67
Baritone Sax
66
Sax Section
66
Sax Combo
71
Clarinet
71
Mel.Clarinet
66
Woodwind Ens
68
Oboe
69
English Horn
70
Bassoon
Flute
73
Flute
73
Pan Flute
72
Piccolo
75
Ethnic Flute
77
Shakuhachi
78
Whistle
74
Recorder
79
Ocarina
109
Bagpipe
Synth Lead
81
Fire Wire
80
Square Lead
81
SawtoothLead
81
Big Lead
98
Stardust
81
Blaster
81
Analogon
80
Vintage Lead
98
Sun Bell
83
Aero Lead
80
Mini Lead
80
Vinylead
81
Warp
80
Hi Bias
80
Meta Wood
80
Tiny Lead
81
Sub Aqua
81
Fargo
Synth Pad
94
Insomnia
88
Golden Age
90
Krypton
99
Cyber Pad
95
Wave 2001
94
Equinox
88
Stargate
92
DX Pad
93
Loch Ness
88
Fantasia
91
Xenon Pad
89
Area 51
99
AtmospherPad
89
Dark Moon
94
Ionosphere
93
Phase IV
88
Symbiont
124
122
Voice List
Bank Select
Voice
Number
MSB
LSB
201
202
203
0
0
0
114
117
113
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
113
112
112
112
112
112
112
112
112
112
112
MIDI
Program
Change Voice Name
Number
94
Solaris
88
Millenium
95
Transform
Percussion
11
Jazz Vibes
11
Vibraphone
12
Marimba
13
Xylophone
114
Steel Drums
8
Celesta
9
Glockenspiel
10
Music Box
14
Tubular Bell
108
Kalimba
47
Timpani
Bank Select
Voice
Number
MSB
LSB
215
0
112
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
127
127
127
127
127
127
127
127
127
127
126
126
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
MIDI
Program
Change Voice Name
Number
15
Dulcimer
Drum Kits
0
StandardKit1
1
StandardKit2
8
Room Kit
16
Rock Kit
24
Electro.Kit
25
Analog Kit
27
Dance Kit
32
Jazz Kit
40
Brush Kit
48
Symphony Kit
0
SFX Kit 1
1
SFX Kit 2
XG Voice List
Bank Select MIDI
Voice
Program
Number MSB
LSB Change
Number
228
0
0
0
229
0
1
0
230
0
18
0
231
0
40
0
232
0
41
0
233
0
0
1
234
0
1
1
235
0
0
2
236
0
1
2
237
0
32
2
238
0
40
2
239
0
41
2
240
0
0
3
241
0
1
3
242
0
0
4
243
0
1
4
244
0
18
4
245
0
32
4
246
0
40
4
247
0
45
4
248
0
64
4
249
0
0
5
250
0
1
5
251
0
32
5
252
0
33
5
253
0
34
5
254
0
40
5
255
0
41
5
256
0
42
5
257
0
45
5
258
0
0
6
259
0
1
6
260
0
25
6
261
0
35
6
262
0
0
7
263
0
1
7
264
0
27
7
265
0
64
7
266
0
65
7
267
0
0
8
268
0
0
9
269
0
0
10
270
0
64
10
271
0
0
11
Voice Name
Grand Piano
GrndPianoKSP
MellowGrPno
PianoStrings
Dream
Bright Piano
BritePnoKSP
ElecGrandPno
ElecGrPnoKSP
Detuned CP80
Layered CP 1
Layered CP 2
Honkytonk
HonkytonkKSP
El.Piano 1
El.Piano1KSP
Mellow EP 1
Chorus EP 1
HardEl.Piano
VXfade El.P1
60sEl.Piano1
El.Piano 2
El.Piano2KSP
Chorus EP 2
DX EP Hard
DX Legend
DX Phase EP
DX+AnalogEP
DX Koto EP
VXfade El.P1
Harpsichord
Harpsi.KSP
Harpsichord2
Harpsichord3
Clavi.
Clavi.KSP
Clavi.Wah
Pulse Clavi.
PierceClavi.
Celesta
Glockenspiel
Music Box
Orgel
Vibraphone
Bank Select MIDI
Voice
Program
Number MSB
LSB Change
Number
272
0
1
11
273
0
45
11
274
0
0
12
275
0
1
12
276
0
64
12
277
0
97
12
278
0
98
12
279
0
0
13
280
0
0
14
281
0
96
14
282
0
97
14
283
0
0
15
284
0
35
15
285
0
96
15
286
0
97
15
287
0
0
16
288
0
32
16
289
0
33
16
290
0
34
16
291
0
35
16
292
0
36
16
293
0
37
16
294
0
38
16
295
0
40
16
296
0
64
16
297
0
65
16
298
0
66
16
299
0
67
16
300
0
0
17
301
0
24
17
302
0
32
17
303
0
33
17
304
0
37
17
305
0
0
18
306
0
64
18
307
0
65
18
308
0
66
18
309
0
0
19
310
0
32
19
311
0
35
19
312
0
40
19
313
0
64
19
314
0
65
19
315
0
0
20
Voice Name
Vibes KSP
Hard Vibes
Marimba
Marimba KSP
Sine Marimba
Balimba
Log Drums
Xylophone
TubularBells
Church Bells
Carillon
Dulcimer
Dulcimer 2
Cimbalom
Santur
DrawbarOrgan
DetDrawOrgan
60sDrawOrg1
60sDrawOrg2
70sDrawOrg1
DrawbarOrg2
60sDrawOrg3
Even Bar Org
16+2’2/3 Org
Organ Bass
70sDrawOrg2
Cheezy Organ
DrawbarOrg3
Perc.Organ
70sPercOrg1
DetPercOrgan
Light Organ
Perc.Organ2
Rock Organ
Rotary Organ
Slow Rotary
Fast Rotary
Church Organ
ChurchOrgan3
ChurchOrgan2
Notre Dame
Organ Flute
Trem.OrganFl
Reed Organ
Bank Select MIDI
Voice
Program
Number MSB
LSB Change
Number
316
0
40
20
317
0
0
21
318
0
32
21
319
0
0
22
320
0
32
22
321
0
0
23
322
0
64
23
323
0
0
24
324
0
16
24
325
0
25
24
326
0
43
24
327
0
96
24
328
0
0
25
329
0
16
25
330
0
35
25
331
0
40
25
332
0
41
25
333
0
96
25
334
0
0
26
335
0
18
26
336
0
32
26
337
0
0
27
338
0
32
27
339
0
0
28
340
0
40
28
341
0
41
28
342
0
43
28
343
0
45
28
344
0
0
29
345
0
43
29
346
0
0
30
347
0
40
30
348
0
41
30
349
0
0
31
350
0
65
31
351
0
66
31
352
0
0
32
353
0
40
32
354
0
45
32
355
0
0
33
356
0
18
33
357
0
27
33
358
0
40
33
359
0
43
33
Voice Name
Puff Organ
Accordion
Accord It
Harmonica
Harmonica 2
Tango Accord
TangoAccord2
Nylon Guitar
NylonGuitar2
NylonGuitar3
VelGtrHarmo
Ukulele
Steel Guitar
SteelGuitar2
12Str Guitar
Nylon&Steel
Steel&Body
Mandolin
Jazz Guitar
MellowGuitar
Jazz Amp
Clean Guitar
ChorusGuitar
Muted Guitar
FunkGuitar1
MuteSteelGtr
FunkGuitar2
Jazz Man
Overdriven
Guitar Pinch
Distortion
FeedbackGtr
FeedbackGtr2
GtrHarmonics
GtrFeedback
GtrHarmonic2
AcousticBass
Jazz Rhythm
VXUprghtBass
Finger Bass
Finger Dark
Flange Bass
Bass&DistEG
Finger Slap
123
125
Voice List
Bank Select MIDI
Voice
Program
Number MSB
LSB Change
Number
360
0
45
33
361
0
65
33
362
0
0
34
363
0
28
34
364
0
0
35
365
0
32
35
366
0
33
35
367
0
34
35
368
0
96
35
369
0
97
35
370
0
0
36
371
0
27
36
372
0
32
36
373
0
0
37
374
0
43
37
375
0
0
38
376
0
18
38
377
0
20
38
378
0
24
38
379
0
35
38
380
0
40
38
381
0
64
38
382
0
65
38
383
0
66
38
384
0
96
38
385
0
0
39
386
0
6
39
387
0
12
39
388
0
18
39
389
0
19
39
390
0
32
39
391
0
40
39
392
0
41
39
393
0
64
39
394
0
0
40
395
0
8
40
396
0
0
41
397
0
0
42
398
0
0
43
399
0
0
44
400
0
8
44
401
0
40
44
402
0
0
45
403
0
0
46
404
0
40
46
405
0
0
47
406
0
0
48
407
0
3
48
408
0
8
48
409
0
24
48
410
0
35
48
411
0
40
48
412
0
41
48
413
0
42
48
414
0
45
48
415
0
0
49
416
0
3
49
417
0
8
49
418
0
40
49
419
0
41
49
420
0
64
49
421
0
65
49
422
0
0
50
423
0
27
50
424
0
64
50
425
0
65
50
426
0
0
51
427
0
0
52
428
0
3
52
429
0
16
52
430
0
32
52
Voice Name
FingerBass2
Mod.Bass
Pick Bass
MutePickBass
FretlessBass
Fretless 2
Fretless 3
Fretless 4
Syn.Fretless
SmthFretless
Slap Bass 1
ResonantSlap
Punch Thumb
Slap Bass 2
Velo.Sw.Slap
Synth Bass 1
SynBass1Dark
FastResoBass
Acid Bass
Clavi Bass
Techno Bass
Orbiter
Square Bass
Rubber Bass
Hammer
Synth Bass 2
MellowSyBass
SequenceBass
ClickSynBass
SynBass2Dark
SmoothSyBass
ModulrSyBass
DX Bass
X Wire Bass
Violin
SlwAtkViolin
Viola
Cello
Contrabass
Trem.Strings
SlwAtTremStr
SuspenseStr
PizzicatoStr
Orch.Harp
Yang Chin
Timpani
Strings 1
StereoStrngs
SlwAtkStrngs
Arco Strings
60’s Strings
Orchestra
Orchestra 2
TremOrchstra
Velo.Strings
Strings 2
S.SlowStrngs
LegatoStrngs
Warm Strings
Kingdom
70’s Strings
Strings 3
SynStrings1
Reso Strings
SynStrings4
SynStrings5
SynStrings2
Choir Aahs
Stereo Choir
Choir Aahs 2
Mellow Choir
Bank Select MIDI
Voice
Program
Number MSB
LSB Change
Number
431
0
40
52
432
0
0
53
433
0
0
54
434
0
40
54
435
0
41
54
436
0
64
54
437
0
0
55
438
0
35
55
439
0
64
55
440
0
0
56
441
0
16
56
442
0
17
56
443
0
32
56
444
0
0
57
445
0
18
57
446
0
0
58
447
0
16
58
448
0
0
59
449
0
0
60
450
0
6
60
451
0
32
60
452
0
37
60
453
0
0
61
454
0
35
61
455
0
40
61
456
0
41
61
457
0
42
61
458
0
0
62
459
0
12
62
460
0
20
62
461
0
24
62
462
0
27
62
463
0
32
62
464
0
45
62
465
0
64
62
466
0
0
63
467
0
18
63
468
0
40
63
469
0
41
63
470
0
45
63
471
0
64
63
472
0
0
64
473
0
0
65
474
0
40
65
475
0
43
65
476
0
0
66
477
0
40
66
478
0
41
66
479
0
64
66
480
0
0
67
481
0
0
68
482
0
0
69
483
0
0
70
484
0
0
71
485
0
0
72
486
0
0
73
487
0
0
74
488
0
0
75
489
0
0
76
490
0
0
77
491
0
0
78
492
0
0
79
493
0
0
80
494
0
6
80
495
0
8
80
496
0
18
80
497
0
19
80
498
0
64
80
499
0
65
80
500
0
66
80
501
0
0
81
Voice Name
ChoirStrings
Voice Oohs
Synth Voice
SynthVoice2
Choral
Analog Voice
OrchestraHit
OrchestrHit2
Impact
Trumpet
Trumpet 2
BriteTrumpet
Warm Trumpet
Trombone
Trombone 2
Tuba
Tuba 2
MutedTrumpet
French Horn
Fr.Horn Solo
FrenchHorn2
HornOrchestr
BrassSection
Tp&TbSection
BrassSect2
High Brass
Mellow Brass
SynthBrass1
Quack Brass
ResoSynBrass
Poly Brass
SynthBrass3
Jump Brass
AnaVelBrass1
AnalogBrass1
SynthBrass2
Soft Brass
SynthBrass4
Choir Brass
AnaVelBrass2
AnalogBrass2
Soprano Sax
Alto Sax
Sax Section
HyperAltoSax
Tenor Sax
BreathyTenor
SoftTenorSax
Tenor Sax2
Baritone Sax
Oboe
English Horn
Bassoon
Clarinet
Piccolo
Flute
Recorder
Pan Flute
Blown Bottle
Shakuhachi
Whistle
Ocarina
Square Lead
SquareLead2
LM Square
Hollow
Shroud
Mellow
Solo Sine
Sine Lead
SawtoothLead
Bank Select MIDI
Voice
Program
Number MSB
LSB Change
Number
502
0
6
81
503
0
8
81
504
0
18
81
505
0
19
81
506
0
20
81
507
0
24
81
508
0
25
81
509
0
40
81
510
0
41
81
511
0
45
81
512
0
96
81
513
0
0
82
514
0
65
82
515
0
0
83
516
0
64
83
517
0
0
84
518
0
64
84
519
0
65
84
520
0
0
85
521
0
24
85
522
0
64
85
523
0
0
86
524
0
35
86
525
0
0
87
526
0
16
87
527
0
64
87
528
0
65
87
529
0
0
88
530
0
64
88
531
0
0
89
532
0
16
89
533
0
17
89
534
0
18
89
535
0
64
89
536
0
65
89
537
0
0
90
538
0
64
90
539
0
65
90
540
0
66
90
541
0
67
90
542
0
0
91
543
0
64
91
544
0
66
91
545
0
67
91
546
0
0
92
547
0
64
92
548
0
65
92
549
0
0
93
550
0
64
93
551
0
65
93
552
0
0
94
553
0
0
95
554
0
20
95
555
0
27
95
556
0
64
95
557
0
66
95
558
0
0
96
559
0
45
96
560
0
64
96
561
0
65
96
562
0
66
96
563
0
0
97
564
0
27
97
565
0
64
97
566
0
0
98
567
0
12
98
568
0
14
98
569
0
18
98
570
0
35
98
571
0
40
98
572
0
41
98
Voice Name
SawtoothLd2
Thick Saw
Dynamic Saw
Digital Saw
Big Lead
Heavy Synth
Waspy Synth
Pulse Saw
Dr. Lead
VelocityLead
Seq.Analog
CalliopeLead
Pure Pad
Chiff Lead
Rubby
Charang Lead
DistortedLd
Wire Lead
Voice Lead
Synth Aahs
Vox Lead
Fifths Lead
Big Five
Bass & Lead
Big & Low
Fat & Perky
Soft Whirl
New Age Pad
Fantasy
Warm Pad
Thick Pad
Soft Pad
Sine Pad
Horn Pad
RotaryStrngs
PolySynthPad
Poly Pad 80
Click Pad
Analog Pad
Square Pad
Choir Pad
Heaven
Itopia
CC Pad
Bowed Pad
Glacier
Glass Pad
Metallic Pad
Tine Pad
Pan Pad
Halo Pad
Sweep Pad
Shwimmer
Converge
Polar Pad
Celestial
Rain
Clavi Pad
Harmo Rain
African Wind
Carib
Sound Track
Prologue
Ancestral
Crystal
SynthDr.Comp
Popcorn
Tiny Bells
RoundGlocken
GlockenChime
Clear Bells
126
124
Voice List
Bank Select MIDI
Voice
Program
Number MSB
LSB Change
Number
573
0
42
98
574
0
64
98
575
0
65
98
576
0
66
98
577
0
67
98
578
0
68
98
579
0
69
98
580
0
70
98
581
0
71
98
582
0
72
98
583
0
0
99
584
0
18
99
585
0
19
99
586
0
40
99
587
0
64
99
588
0
65
99
589
0
66
99
590
0
67
99
591
0
0
100
592
0
64
100
593
0
96
100
594
0
0
101
595
0
64
101
596
0
65
101
597
0
66
101
598
0
67
101
599
0
68
101
600
0
70
101
601
0
71
101
602
0
96
101
603
0
0
102
604
0
8
102
605
0
14
102
606
0
64
102
607
0
65
102
608
0
66
102
609
0
67
102
610
0
68
102
611
0
69
102
612
0
0
103
613
0
64
103
614
0
0
104
615
0
32
104
616
0
35
104
617
0
96
104
618
0
97
104
619
0
0
105
620
0
28
105
621
0
96
105
622
0
97
105
623
0
98
105
624
0
0
106
625
0
0
107
626
0
96
107
627
0
97
107
628
0
0
108
629
0
0
109
630
0
0
110
631
0
0
111
632
0
64
111
633
0
96
111
634
0
97
111
635
0
0
112
636
0
96
112
637
0
97
112
638
0
98
112
639
0
99
112
640
0
100
112
641
0
101
112
642
0
0
113
643
0
0
114
Voice Name
Chorus Bells
Synth Mallet
Soft Crystal
Loud Glocken
ChristmasBel
Vibe Bells
DigitalBells
Air Bells
Bell Harp
Gamelimba
Atmosphere
Warm Atmos.
HollwRelease
NylonElPiano
Nylon Harp
Harp Vox
Atmos.Pad
Planet
Brightness
FantasyBells
Smokey
Goblins
GoblinsSynth
Creeper
Ring Pad
Ritual
To Heaven
Night
Glisten
Bell Choir
Echoes
Echoes2
Echo Pan
Echo Bells
Big Pan
Synth Piano
Creation
Star Dust
Reso&Panning
Sci-Fi
Starz
Sitar
DetunedSitar
Sitar 2
Tambra
Tamboura
Banjo
Muted Banjo
Rabab
Gopichant
Oud
Shamisen
Koto
Taisho-kin
Kanoon
Kalimba
Bagpipe
Fiddle
Shanai
Shanai2
Pungi
Hichiriki
Tinkle Bell
Bonang
Altair
GamelanGongs
StereoGamlan
Rama Cymbal
Asian Bells
Agogo
Steel Drums
Bank Select MIDI
Voice
Program
Number MSB
LSB Change
Number
644
0
97
114
645
0
98
114
646
0
0
115
647
0
96
115
648
0
0
116
649
0
96
116
650
0
0
117
651
0
64
117
652
0
65
117
653
0
66
117
654
0
0
118
655
0
64
118
656
0
65
118
657
0
0
119
658
0
0
120
659
0
0
121
660
0
0
122
661
0
0
123
662
0
0
124
663
0
0
125
664
0
0
126
665
0
0
127
666
64
0
0
667
64
0
1
668
64
0
3
669
64
0
16
670
64
0
32
671
64
0
33
672
64
0
34
673
64
0
35
674
64
0
36
675
64
0
37
676
64
0
48
677
64
0
49
678
64
0
50
679
64
0
54
680
64
0
55
681
64
0
64
682
64
0
65
683
64
0
66
684
64
0
67
685
64
0
68
686
64
0
69
687
64
0
70
688
64
0
80
689
64
0
81
690
64
0
82
691
64
0
83
692
64
0
84
693
64
0
85
694
64
0
86
695
64
0
87
696
64
0
88
697
64
0
89
698
64
0
90
699
64
0
96
700
64
0
97
701
64
0
98
702
64
0
99
703
64
0
100
704
64
0
112
705
64
0
113
706
64
0
114
707
64
0
115
Voice Name
Glass Perc.
Thai Bells
Woodblock
Castanets
Taiko Drum
Gran Cassa
Melodic Tom
MelodicTom2
Real Tom
Rock Tom
Synth Drum
Analog Tom
ElectroPerc.
Rev.Cymbal
GtrFretNoise
Breath Noise
Seashore
Bird Tweet
TelephonRing
Helicopter
Applause
Gunshot
CuttingNoise
CuttingNoiz2
String Slap
Fl.Key Click
Shower
Thunder
Wind
Stream
Bubble
Feed
Dog
Horse
Bird Tweet 2
Ghost
Maou
Phone Call
Door Squeak
Door Slam
Scratch Cut
ScratchSplit
Wind Chime
TelphonRing2
CarEngineIgn
CarTiresSqel
Car Passing
Car Crash
Siren
Train
Jet Plane
Starship
Burst
RollrCoaster
Submarine
Laugh
Scream
Punch
Heartbeat
FootSteps
Machine Gun
Laser Gun
Explosion
Firework
125
127
Drum Kit List
• “<——” indicates that the drum kit is the same as “Standard Kit1”.
• Each percussion voice uses one note.
• The note numbers and note names printed on the keyboard are
one octave higher than the MIDI note numbers and note names
shown in the list. For example, the note number and note name,
#36 and C1, on the keyboard correspond to the MIDI note
number and note name, #24 and C0, shown in the list.
C1
C#1
D1
E1
F1
D#1
F#1
G1
G#1
A1
B1
C2
A#1
C#2
D2
E2
F2
D#2
F#2
G2
G#2
A2
B2
C3
A#2
C#3
D3
E3
F3
D#3
F#3
G3
G#3
A3
B3
C4
A#3
C#4
D4
E4
F4
D#4
F#4
G4
G#4
A4
B4
C5
A#4
C#5
D5
E5
F5
D#5
F#5
G5
G#5
A5
B5
C6
A#5
Bank MSB
Bank LSB
Prgram Number
Note #
Note
13
C#-1
14
D-1
15
D#-1
16
E-1
17
F-1
18
F#-1
19
G-1
20
G#-1
21
A-1
22
A#-1
23
B-1
24
C0
25
C#0
26
D0
27
D#0
28
E0
29
F0
30
F#0
31
G0
32
G#0
33
A0
34
A#0
35
B0
36
C1
37
C#1
38
D1
39
D#1
40
E1
41
F1
42
F#1
43
G1
44
G#1
45
A1
46
A#1
47
B1
48
C2
49
C#2
50
D2
51
D#2
52
E2
53
F2
54
F#2
55
G2
56
G#2
57
A2
58
A#2
59
B2
60
C3
61
C#3
62
D3
63
D#3
64
E3
65
F3
66
F#3
67
G3
68
G#3
69
A3
70
A#3
71
B3
72
C4
73
C#4
74
D4
75
D#4
76
E4
77
F4
78
F#4
79
G4
80
G#4
81
A4
82
A#4
83
B4
84
C5
85
C#5
86
D5
87
D#5
88
E5
89
F5
90
F#5
91
G5
127
0
0
Standard Kit 1
Surdo Mute
Surdo Open
Hi Q
Whip Slap
Scratch Push
Scratch Pull
Finger Snap
Click Noise
Metronome Click
Metronome Bell
Seq Click L
Seq Click H
Brush Tap
Brush Swirl
Brush Slap
Brush Tap Swirl
Snare Roll
Castanet
Snare H Soft
Sticks
Bass Drum Soft
Open Rim Shot
Bass Drum Hard
Bass Drum
Side Stick
Snare M
Hand Clap
Snare H Hard
Floor Tom L
Hi-Hat Closed
Floor Tom H
Hi-Hat Pedal
Low Tom
Hi-Hat Open
Mid Tom L
Mid Tom H
Crash Cymbal 1
High Tom
Ride Cymbal 1
Chinese Cymbal
Ride Cymbal Cup
Tambourine
Splash Cymbal
Cowbell
Crash Cymbal 2
Vibraslap
Ride Cymbal 2
Bongo H
Bongo L
Conga H Mute
Conga H Open
Conga L
Timbale H
Timbale L
Agogo H
Agogo L
Cabasa
Maracas
Samba Whistle H
Samba Whistle L
Guiro Short
Guiro Long
Claves
Wood Block H
Wood Block L
Cuica Mute
Cuica Open
Triangle Mute
Triangle Open
Shaker
Jingle Bell
Bell Tree
127
0
1
Standard Kit 2
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
Snare H Soft 2
<——
<——
Open Rim Shot 2
<——
Bass Drum 2
<——
Snare M 2
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
127
0
8
Room Kit
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
SD Room L
<——
SD Room H
Room Tom 1
<——
Room Tom 2
<——
Room Tom 3
<——
Room Tom 4
Room Tom 5
<——
Room Tom 6
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
127
0
16
Rock Kit
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
SD Rock H
<——
<——
<——
Bass Drum H
BD Rock
<——
SD Rock L
<——
SD Rock Rim
Rock Tom 1
<——
Rock Tom 2
<——
Rock Tom 3
<——
Rock Tom 4
Rock Tom 5
<——
Rock Tom 6
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
127
0
24
Electronic Kit
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
Reverse Cymbal
<——
Hi Q 2
Snare L
<——
Bass Drum H
<——
BD Rock
BD Gate
<——
SD Rock L
<——
SD Rock H
E Tom 1
<——
E Tom 2
<——
E Tom 3
<——
E Tom 4
E Tom 5
<——
E Tom 6
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
Scratch Push
Scratch Pull
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
127
0
25
Analog Kit
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
Reverse Cymbal
<——
Hi Q 2
SD Rock H
<——
Bass Drum H
<——
BD Analog L
BD Analog H
Analog Side Stick
Analog Snare 1
<——
Analog Snare 2
Analog Tom 1
Analog HH Closed 1
Analog Tom 2
Analog HH Closed 2
Analog Tom 3
Analog HH Open
Analog Tom 4
Analog Tom 5
Analog Cymbal
Analog Tom 6
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
Analog Cowbell
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
Analog Conga H
Analog Conga M
Analog Conga L
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
Analog Maracas
<——
<——
<——
<——
Analog Claves
<——
<——
Scratch Push
Scratch Pull
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
128
126
Drum Kit List
C1
C#1
D1
E1
F1
D#1
F#1
G1
G#1
A1
B1
C2
A#1
C#2
D2
E2
F2
D#2
F#2
G2
G#2
A2
B2
C3
A#2
C#3
D3
E3
F3
D#3
F#3
G3
G#3
A3
B3
C4
A#3
C#4
D4
E4
F4
D#4
F#4
G4
G#4
A4
B4
C5
A#4
C#5
D5
E5
F5
D#5
F#5
G5
G#5
A5
B5
C6
A#5
Bank MSB
Bank LSB
Prgram Number
Note #
Note
13
C#-1
14
D-1
15
D#-1
16
E-1
17
F-1
18
F#-1
19
G-1
20
G#-1
21
A-1
22
A#-1
23
B-1
24
C0
25
C#0
26
D0
27
D#0
28
E0
29
F0
30
F#0
31
G0
32
G#0
33
A0
34
A#0
35
B0
36
C1
37
C#1
38
D1
39
D#1
40
E1
41
F1
42
F#1
43
G1
44
G#1
45
A1
46
A#1
47
B1
48
C2
49
C#2
50
D2
51
D#2
52
E2
53
F2
54
F#2
55
G2
56
G#2
57
A2
58
A#2
59
B2
60
C3
61
C#3
62
D3
63
D#3
64
E3
65
F3
66
F#3
67
G3
68
G#3
69
A3
70
A#3
71
B3
72
C4
73
C#4
74
D4
75
D#4
76
E4
77
F4
78
F#4
79
G4
80
G#4
81
A4
82
A#4
83
B4
84
C5
85
C#5
86
D5
87
D#5
88
E5
89
F5
90
F#5
91
G5
127
0
27
Dance Kit
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
Reverse Cymbal
<——
Hi Q 2
AnSD Snappy
<——
AnBD Dance-1
AnSD OpenRim
AnBD Dance-2
AnBD Dance-3
Analog Side Stick
AnSD Q
<——
AnSD Ana+Acoustic
Analog Tom 1
Analog HH Closed 3
Analog Tom 2
Analog HH Closed 4
Analog Tom 3
Analog HH Open 2
Analog Tom 4
Analog Tom 5
Analog Cymbal
Analog Tom 6
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
Analog Cowbell
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
Analog Conga H
Analog Conga M
Analog Conga L
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
Analog Maracas
<——
<——
<——
<——
Analog Claves
<——
<——
Scratch Push
Scratch Pull
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
127
0
32
Jazz Kit
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
SD Jazz H Light
<——
<——
<——
<——
BD Jazz
<——
SD Jazz L
<——
SD Jazz M
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
127
0
40
Brush Kit
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
Brush Slap L
<——
<——
<——
<——
BD Jazz
<——
Brush Slap
<——
Brush Tap
Brush Tom 1
<——
Brush Tom 2
<——
Brush Tom 3
<——
Brush Tom 4
Brush Tom 5
<——
Brush Tom 6
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
127
0
48
Symphonic Kit
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
Bass Drum L
<——
Gran Cassa
Gran Cassa Mute
<——
Marching Sn M
<——
Marching Sn H
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
Hand Cym. L
<——
Hand Cym.Short L
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
Hand Cym. H
<——
Hand Cym.Short H
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
<——
126
0
0
SFX Kit 1
Cutting Noise
Cutting Noise 2
String Slap
126
0
1
SFX Kit 2
Phone Call
Door Squeak
Door Slam
Scratch Cut
Scratch
Wind Chime
Telephone Ring 2
Flute Key Click
Car Engine Ignition
Car Tires Squeal
Car Passing
Car Crash
Siren
Train
Jet Plane
Starship
Burst
Roller Coaster
Submarine
Shower
Thunder
Wind
Stream
Bubble
Feed
Laugh
Scream
Punch
Heartbeat
FootSteps
Dog
Horse
Bird Tweet 2
Machine Gun
Laser Gun
Explosion
Firework
Ghost
Maou
127
129
Style List
Style
Number
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
Style Name
8BEAT
8Beat 1
8Beat 2
8Beat Adria
8Beat Pop
British Pop
8Beat Soft
16BEAT
16Beat 1
16Beat 2
16Beat 3
16Beat 4
Soft Fusion
Hip Hop Pop
16Beat Funk
Funky Pop
16Beat 5
8BEAT BALLAD
Piano Ballad
U.S. Ballad
Slow Rock
Modern 6/8
Guitar Ballad
Organ Ballad
Epic Ballad
16BEAT BALLAD
16Beat Ballad
Rock Ballad
Slow Ballad
Pop Ballad
ROCK
Rock 1
Hard Rock
Rock & Roll
Twist
4/4 Blues
6/8 Rock
DANCEFLOOR
Clubdance
Techno
Entrance
Eurobeat
Trance 1
Trance 2
Cool Dance
Funky Trip Hop
Handbag
DISCO
70’s Disco
90’s Disco
Disco Soul
Miami Pop
Disco Tropic
Disco Hands
SWING & JAZZ
Swing
Big Band 1
Big Band Ballad
Jazz Ballad
Jazz Trio
Boogie
Bebop
Big Band 2
Dixieland
Style
Number
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
Style Name
R&B
Gospel Shuffle
R&B
Motown
Soul Shuffle
6/8 Blues
COUNTRY
Country Rock
Country 8Beat
Country Pop
Country Swing
Bluegrass
Country Ballad
LATIN
Samba Rio
Bossa Nova
Swing Reggae
Salsa
Mambo
Pop Reggae
BALLROOM
Slow Fox
Quickstep
Tango
Cha Cha Cha
Samba
Rhumba
Pasodoble
Jive
Beguine
Foxtrot
TRADITIONAL
U.S. March
German March
6/8 March
Polka Pop
Polka Oberkrainer
Jazz Waltz
Country Waltz
Vienna Waltz
Slow Waltz
Orch. Waltz
Waltz Oberkrainer
Musette
Guitar Waltz
PIANIST
Stride
Boogie
Swing
Pianoman
Ballad
Ragtime
March
6/8 March
Waltz
JazzWaltz
130
128
About the Digital Effects (Reverb/Chorus/DSP)
● Reverb (System effect)
Reverb effect type/depth can be set by panel operation.
When you select a different style, the appropriate reverb type will be selected accordingly.
● Chorus (System effect)
Chorus effect type/depth can be set by panel operation.
When you select a different style, the appropriate chorus type will be selected accordingly.
• Although not all the effect
settings cannot be made by
operating the PSR-540 panel
manually, some of them may
be accessible through MIDI.
Refer to the MIDI data format
for details.
● DSP (System/Insertion effect)
DSP effect on/off status, type and depth can be set by panel operation.
DSP effect will function as either System or Insertion effect. Whether DSP
effect is System or Insertion depends on the selected type. DSP effect
configuration will differ between System and Insertion effects as follows:
DRY LINE
Reverb
Return
When DSP type is selected
as an Insertion effect
Dry
VOICE R1
DSP
effect
REVERB
Rev Send
Cho Send
DSP Send
Dry
VOICE R2
Rev Send
Cho Send
DSP Send
Chorus
Return
CHORUS
OUT
Dry
VOICE L
Rev Send
Cho Send
DSP Send
Dry
STYLE
Rev Send
Cho Send
DSP
Return
DSP Send
DSP
When DSP type is selected
as a System effect
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131
About the Digital Effects (Reverb/Chorus/DSP)
● Reverb Type List
Reverb Type
Hall1-5
Room1-7
Stage1-4
Plate1-3
White Room
Tunnel
Canyon
Basement
No Effect
System/Insertion
System
System
System
System
System
System
System
System
—
Description
Concert hall reverb.
Small room reverb.
Reverb for solo instruments.
Simulated steel plate reverb.
A unique short reverb with a bit of initial delay.
Simulation of a tunnel space expanding to left and right.
A hypothetical acoustic space which extends without limit.
A bit of initial delay followed by reverb with a unique resonance.
No effect.
● Chorus Type List
Chorus Type
Chorus1-8
Celeste1, 2
Flanger1-5
No Effect
System/Insertion
System
System
System
—
Description
Conventional chorus program with rich, warm chorusing.
A 3-phase LFO adds modulation and spaciousness to the sound.
Pronounced three-phase modulation with slight metallic sound.
No effect.
● DSP Type List
DSPType
System/Insertion
Hall1-5
System
Room1-7
System
Stage1-4
System
Plate1-3
System
Delay Left - Center System
Right1, 2
Delay Left - Right
System
Echo
System
Cross Delay
System
ER1, 2
System
Gate Reverb
System
Reverse Gate
System
Karaoke1-3
System
Chorus1-8
System
Celeste1, 2
System
Flanger1-5
System
Symphonic1, 2
System
Rotary Speaker 1-6
Insertion
Tremolo1-3
Insertion
Guitar Tremolo
Insertion
Auto Pan1, 2
Insertion
Phaser 1, 2
System
Distortion Hard
Insertion
Distortion Soft
Insertion
Distortion Heavy
Insertion
Overdrive
Insertion
Amp Simulator
Insertion
EQ Disco
Insertion
EQ Telephone
Insertion
3Band EQ (MONO)
2Band EQ (STEREO)
Auto Wah1, 2
No Effect
Through
Insertion
Insertion
Insertion
—
—
Description
Concert hall reverb.
Small room reverb.
Reverb for solo instruments.
Simulated steel plate reverb.
Three independent delays, for the left, right and center stereo positions.
Initial delay for each stereo channel, and two separate feedback delays.
Stereo delay, with independent feedback level settings for each channel.
Complex effect that sends the delayed repeats “bouncing” between the left and right channels.
This effect isolates only the early reflection components of the reverb.
Gated reverb effect, in which the reverberation is quickly cut off for special effects.
Similar to Gate Reverb, but with a reverse increase in reverb.
A delay with feedback of the same types as used for karaoke reverb.
Conventional chorus program with rich, warm chorusing.
A 3-phase LFO adds modulation and spaciousness to the sound.
Pronounced three-phase modulation with slight metallic sound.
A multi-phase version of Celeste.
Rotary speaker simulation.
Rich Tremolo effect with both volume and pitch modulation.
Simulated electric guitar tremolo.
Several panning effects that automatically shift the sound position (left, right, front, back).
Pronounced, metallic modulation with periodic phase change.
Hard-edge distortion.
Soft, warm distortion.
Heavy distortion.
Adds mild distortion to the sound.
A simulation of a guitar amp.
Equalizer effect that boosts both high and low frequencies, as is typical in most disco music.
Equalizer effect that cuts both high and low frequencies, to simulate the sound heard through a
telephone receiver.
A mono EQ with adjustable LOW, MID, and HIGH equalizing.
A stereo EQ with adjustable LOW and HIGH. Ideal for drum Parts.
Cyclically modulates the center frequency of a wah filter.
No effect.
Bypass without applying an effect.
132
130
Harmony/Echo Type List
Category
Harmony
Type
Duet
1+5
Country
Trio
Block
Description
An extra note is added to the note played on the keyboard to produce duet type harmony.
A parallel voice is produced a fifth above the note played on the keyboard.
One note is added above the note played on the keyboard for a country-style harmony feel.
Two notes are added below the note played on the keyboard for three-part harmony.
Three or four notes are added to the note played on the keyboard to produce four or fivenote chords.
Three harmony notes are generated to produce a four-note chord.
Similar to the preceding type, but depending on the chords played this type will sometimes
produce a more colorful sound.
Four-note chords with open voice (large intervals between the notes). The result is a very
“open” sound. Since the harmony notes can be as much as two octaves below the note
played on the keyboard, avoid playing in the lower registers.
One note is added an octave below the note played on the keyboard.
The notes and assignments are the same as in the Block type, but the notes are
arpeggiated.
4Way Close1
4Way Close2
4Way Open
Octave
Strum
Echo
Echo 1/4
An echo effect is applied to the note played on the keyboard at the currently set tempo.
3
Echo 1/6
Echo 1/8
3
Echo 1/12
Tremolo
Tremolo 1/8
A tremolo effect is applied to the note played on the keyboard at the currently set tempo.
3
Tremolo 1/12
Tremolo 1/16
Tremolo 1/32
3
Trill
Trill 1/12
Two notes played on the keyboard are played alternately at the currently set tempo.
Trill 1/16
3
Trill 1/24
Trill 1/32
131
133
Troubleshooting
PROBLEM
POSSIBLE CAUSE/SOLUTION
• The speakers produce a “pop” sound whenever
the power is turned ON or OFF.
This is normal and is no cause for alarm.
• When using a mobile phone, noise is produced.
Using a mobile phone in close proximity to the PortaTone may produce interference.
To prevent this, turn off the mobile phone or use it further away from the PortaTone.
• The volume is reduced or the sound is distorted.
• The sound quality has gotten progressively
worse.
• The registration memory doesn’t work properly.
• Recorded song data will not play back properly.
• The display goes blank and all panel controls are
reset.
The batteries probably need to be replaced. Either replace all six batteries, or use
an AC power adaptor.
• No sound results when the keyboard is played.
• The R1/R2/L voice volume (Mixer) settings could be set too low. Make sure the
voice volumes are set at appropriate levels (page 76).
• The Local Control function could be turned off. Make sure Local Control is turned
on (page 116).
• Check whether the naming function of Registration Memory or song recording
(page 21) is called up in the display or not. If the naming function is active, the
PSR-540 does not produce any sound, even when the keys are played.
• Not all simultaneously-played notes sound.
• Auto Accompaniment seems to “skip” when the
keyboard is played.
You are probably exceeding the maximum polyphony of the PSR540. The PSR-540
can play up to 32 notes at the same time — including voice R2, voice L, auto
accompaniment, song, and multi pad notes. Notes exceeding this limit will not
sound.
• Nothing happens or nothing seems to function,
even when pressing a panel button. For example,
pressing the DEMO button does not start the
Demo song, or playing the keyboard does not
produce any sound.
Make sure that Disk mode is engaged.
In the Disk mode, no panel operations can be executed (except for disk operations),
and playing the keyboard does not produce any sound.
Exit from the display by pressing the [EXIT] button.
• The accompaniment or song does not play back
even when pressing the [START/STOP] button.
• The Multi Pads do not play back, even when one
of the MULTI PAD buttons is pressed.
The MIDI Clock may be set to “Ext”. Make sure it is set to “Int” (page 116).
• The auto accompaniment does not start, even
when the Synchro Start is in the standby
condition and a key is pressed.
You may be trying to start accompaniment by playing a key in the right-hand range
of the keyboard. To start the accompaniment with Synchro Start, make sure to play
a key in the left-hand (accompaniment) range of the keyboard.
• The following buttons related to the auto
accompaniment do not function.
• [SYNC START] button
• [SYNC STOP] button
• [ACMP ON/OFF] button
• REGISTRATION MEMORY [FREEZE] button
Check whether the Song mode (page 25) is selected or not. When the Song mode
is active, none of the auto accompaniment functions can be used.
• Certain notes sound at the wrong pitch.
Make sure that the scale tuning value for those notes is set to “0” (page 119).
• Auto accompaniment chords are recognized
regardless of the split point or where chords are
played on the keyboard.
Check whether the fingering mode is set to “Full” or not. If the Full fingering mode is
selected, chords are recognized over the entire range of the keyboard, irrespective
of the split point setting.
• The Harmony function does not operate.
• Harmony cannot be turned on when the Full Keyboard fingering mode is selected
or if a percussion kit voice is selected. Select an appropriate fingering mode or
voice.
• Harmony cannot be turned on when a drum kit is selected for the voice R1.
• MIDI data is not transmitted or received, even
when MIDI cables are connected properly.
The MIDI terminals can only be used when the HOST SELECT switch is set to
“MIDI.” All other settings (“Mac,” “PC-1,” and “PC-2”) are for direct transmission/
reception with a computer.
134
132
Data Backup & Initialization
■ Data Backup
Except for the data listed below, all PSR-540 panel settings are reset to their initial
settings whenever the power is turned on. The data listed below are backed up - i.e.
retained in memory - as long as an AC adaptor is connected or a set of batteries is
installed.
• User Style data ............................................................ page 96
• User Pad data .............................................................. page 92
• Registration Memory data ............................................ page 54
• Registration Memory Bank Number ............................. page 56
• Registration Memory/One Touch Setting status ........... page 55
• Freeze on/off ................................................................ page 55
• MIDI Transmit settings ............................................... page 114
• MIDI Receive settings ................................................ page 115
• Voice Set on/off .......................................................... page 120
• Voice L (Voice Change, Mixer, Parameter Edit) ........... page 74
• Fingering mode ............................................................ page 38
• Split Point ................................................................... page 119
• Sustain on/off ............................................................... page 30
• Part Octave setting .................................................... page 119
• Pitch Bend Range ...................................................... page 122
• Scale Tuning .............................................................. page 119
• Transpose .................................................................... page 30
• Footswitch Function, Polarity ..................................... page 121
• Touch on/off, Sensitivity ............................................. page 120
• Multi Pad setting .......................................................... page 43
• Master Tuning ............................................................ page 119
• Metronome on/off ....................................................... page 118
■ Data Initialization
All data can be initialized and restored to the factory preset condition by turning on the
power while holding the highest (rightmost) white key on the keyboard. “Now Initializing” will appear briefly on the display.
CAUTION
• All registration and User
Style/Pad memory data,
plus the other settings
listed above, will be erased
and/or changed when the
data initialization
procedure is carried out.
• Carrying out the data
initialization procedure will
usually restore normal
operation if the PSR-540
freezes or begins to act
erratically for any reason.
Now Initializing
133
135
Alert Message List
No File
Unformatted
The disk contains no file to be loaded, copied, or be deleted.
Insert the disk that contains files to be loaded, copied, or deleted.
An unformatted disk is inserted.
Disk Error
An error occurred during execution of a disk operation.
Try changing the disk.
This message also may appear when executing the Load operation if the
internal memory becomes full.
Write-protected
The floppy disk’s write-protect tab is set to ON.
Remove the disk, set write-protect to off, reinsert the disk and attempt the
operation again.
File Protected
The file is a purposely “copy-protected” disk.
The Copy function is not possible.
No Disk
There is no floppy disk inserted into the disk drive.
Insert a disk.
Disk Removed
An error occured because the disk was removed during a disk operation.
Never remove a disk during a disk operation since this could damage both
the disk and the drive.
Disk Full
The disk’s memory capacity is full and no additional data can be recorded.
Delete one or more unneeded songs (using Delete), and attempt the
operation again.
Wrong Disk
When using the Copy operation, the inserted disk is different from the
source or destination disk.
Remove the disk and reinsert the proper Disk.
Same Name
More than one file has the same name on the disk.
Change the name.
Maximum 60 Songs
Maximum of 60 songs can be recorded.
Delete one or more unneeded songs (using Delete), and attempt the song
recording again.
Memory Full
If the internal memory becomes full during Style/Pad recording, this
message will appear on the display and recording will stop.
Memory Over
This message appears when executing the Quantize or Recording operations (in the Style Recording mode) when the internal memory is full.
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134
Alert Message List
Data Not Found
This message appears when you attempt to edit, quantize or clear the
track which contains no data in the Record mode.
User Style Full
This message indicates that recording a new User style cannot be started
when all three User styles have recorded data. Make sure to clear at least
one of the three User styles before recording a new User style.
Preset Data
This message appears when you attempt to edit, or quantize the track
(other than RHYTHM) which contains preset data in the Style Record
mode.
Cannot Operate
This function cannot be used during Song/Style/Pad recording.
Cannot Set MIDI
The MIDI function cannot be set during recording, playback, and disk
operations.
CannotTurnHar.On
Harmony cannot be turned on during Style/Pad recording.
CannotTurnDSP On
DSP cannot be turned on during Style/Pad recording.
CannotEnterFunc.
This message appears to indicate you cannot enter the function when you
select a Multi Pad function in the Multi Pad Recording mode.
Backup Error
The backup data (page 135) is faulty.
Use the data initialization function (page 135).
Now Initializing
All data can be initialized and restore to the factory preset condition by
turning the STANDBY switch ON while holding the highest (rightmost)
white key on the keyboard.
Host Is Offline
This message may appear when the Host Select switch is set appropriately and the serial cable is connected to the TO HOST but not to the PC’s
serial port (or the cable is properly connected to the PC which is currently
turned off).
Battery Low
When the batteries run down this message appears every few seconds.
Exchange all the batteries with the new ones according to the instructions
on page 12.
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137
MIDI Data Format
Many MIDI messages listed in the MIDI Data Format are expressed in decimal numbers,
binary numbers and hexadecimal numbers.
Hexadecimal numbers may include the letter “H” as a suffix. Also, “n” can freely be defined
as any whole number.
To enter data/values, refer to the table below.
Decimal
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Hexadecimal
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
Binary
0000 0000
0000 0001
0000 0010
0000 0011
0000 0100
0000 0101
0000 0110
0000 0111
Decimal
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
Hexadecimal
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
08
09
0A
0B
0C
0D
0E
0F
10
11
12
13
0000
0000
0000
0000
0000
0000
0000
0000
0001
0001
0001
0001
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
14
15
16
17
18
19
1A
1B
1C
1D
1E
1F
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
Binary
0100 0000
0100 0001
0100 0010
0100 0011
0100 0100
0100 0101
0100 0110
0100 0111
1000
1001
1010
1011
1100
1101
1110
1111
0000
0001
0010
0011
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
48
49
4A
4B
4C
4D
4E
4F
50
51
52
53
0100
0100
0100
0100
0100
0100
0100
0100
0101
0101
0101
0101
1000
1001
1010
1011
1100
1101
1110
1111
0000
0001
0010
0011
0001
0001
0001
0001
0001
0001
0001
0001
0001
0001
0001
0001
0100
0101
0110
0111
1000
1001
1010
1011
1100
1101
1110
1111
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
54
55
56
57
58
59
5A
5B
5C
5D
5E
5F
0101
0101
0101
0101
0101
0101
0101
0101
0101
0101
0101
0101
0100
0101
0110
0111
1000
1001
1010
1011
1100
1101
1110
1111
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
2A
2B
2C
0010
0010
0010
0010
0010
0010
0010
0010
0010
0010
0010
0010
0010
0000
0001
0010
0011
0100
0101
0110
0111
1000
1001
1010
1011
1100
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
6A
6B
6C
0110
0110
0110
0110
0110
0110
0110
0110
0110
0110
0110
0110
0110
0000
0001
0010
0011
0100
0101
0110
0111
1000
1001
1010
1011
1100
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
2D
2E
2F
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
0010
0010
0010
0011
0011
0011
0011
0011
0011
0011
0011
0011
1101
1110
1111
0000
0001
0010
0011
0100
0101
0110
0111
1000
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
6D
6E
6F
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
0110
0110
0110
0111
0111
0111
0111
0111
0111
0111
0111
0111
1101
1110
1111
0000
0001
0010
0011
0100
0101
0110
0111
1000
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
39
3A
3B
3C
3D
3E
3F
0011
0011
0011
0011
0011
0011
0011
1001
1010
1011
1100
1101
1110
1111
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
79
7A
7B
7C
7D
7E
7F
0111
0111
0111
0111
0111
0111
0111
1001
1010
1011
1100
1101
1110
1111
• Except the table above, for example 144-159(decimal)/9nH/1001 0000-1001
1111(binary) displays the Note On Message for each channel (1-16).
176-191/BnH/1011 0000-1011 1111 displays the Control Change Message for each
channel (1-16).
192-207/CnH/1100 0000-1100 1111 displays the Program Change Message for
each channel (1-16).
240/FOH/1111 0000 denotes the start of a System Exclusive Message.
247/F7H/1111 0111 denotes the end of a System Exclusive Message.
• aaH (hexidecimal)/0aaaaaaa (binary) denotes the data address. The address
contains High, Mid, and Low.
• bbH/0bbbbbbb denotes the byte count.
• ccH/0ccccccc denotes the check sum.
• ddH/0ddddddd denotes the data/value.
(1) TRANSMIT FLOW
MIDI ← NOTE ON/OFF
OUT
CONTROL CHANGE
BANK SELECT MSB
BANK SELECT LSB
DATA ENTRY MSB
DATA ENTRY LSB
MAIN VOLUME
PANPOT
SUSTAIN
SOSTENUTE
SOFT PEDAL
RELEASE TIME
REVERB SEND LEVEL
CHORUS SEND LEVEL
VARIATION SEND LEVEL
RPN LSB
RPN MSB
PITCH BEND SENS.
PROGRAM CHANGE
PITCH BEND CHANGE
9nH
BnH
BnH,00H
BnH,20H
BnH,06H
BnH,26H
BnH,07H
BnH,0AH
BnH,40H
BnH,42H
BnH,43H
BnH,48H
BnH,5BH
BnH,5DH
BnH,5EH
BnH,64H
BnH,65H
BnH,65H,00H,64H,00H,06H,mmH
CnH
EnH
SYSTEM EXCLUSIVE MESSAGE
<YAMAHA MIDI FORMAT>
<UNIVERSAL>
UNIVERSAL NON-REALTIME
F0H 7EH.....F7H
<XG STANDARD>
XG PARAMETER CHANGE
F0H 43H 1nH 4CH aaH aaH aaH ddH
.....ddH F7H
XG BULK DUMP
F0H 43H 0nH 4CH bbH bbH aaH aaH
aaH ddH.....ddH ccH F7H
SPECIAL OPERATORS
SYSTEM REALTIME MESSAGE
MIDI CLOCK
START
STOP
ACTIVE SENSING
F8H
FAH
FCH
FEH
(2) RECEIVE FLOW
MIDI → NOTE OFF
IN
NOTE ON/OFF
CONTROL CHANGE
BANK SELECT MSB
BANK SELECT LSB
MODULATION
PORTAMENTO TIME
DATA ENTRY MSB
DATA ENTRY LSB
MAIN VOLUME
PANPOT
EXPRESSION
SUSTAIN
PORTAMENTO
SOSTENUTO
SOFT PEDAL
HARMONIC CONTENT
RELEASE TIME
ATTACK TIME
BRIGHTNESS
PORTAMENTO CONTROL
REVERB SEND LEVEL
CHORUS SEND LEVEL
VARIATION SEND LEVEL
DATA INCREMENT
DATA DECREMENT
NRPN LSB
NRPN MSB
VIBRATO RATE
VIBRATO DEPTH
VIBRATO DELAY
FILTER CUTOFF FREQ.
FILTER RESONANCE
AEG ATTACK TIME
AEG DECAY TIME
AEG RELEASE
DRUM INST
CUTOFF FREQ.
FILTER RESONANCE
AEG ATTACK RATE
AEG DECAY RATE
PITCH COARSE
8nH
9nH
BnH,00H
BnH,20H
BnH,01H
BnH,05H
BnH,06H
BnH,26H
BnH,07H
BnH,0AH
BnH,0BH
BnH,40H
BnH,41H
BnH,42H
BnH,43H
BnH,47H
BnH,48H
BnH,49H
BnH,4AH
BnH,54H
BnH,5BH
BnH,5DH
BnH,5EH
BnH,60H
BnH,61H
BnH,62H
BnH,63H
BnH,63H,01H,62H,08H,06H,mmH
BnH,63H,01H,62H,09H,06H,mmH
BnH,63H,01H,62H,0AH,06H,mmH
BnH,63H,01H,62H,20H,06H,mmH
BnH,63H,01H,62H,21H,06H,mmH
BnH,63H,01H,62H,63H,06H,mmH
BnH,63H,01H,62H,64H,06H,mmH
BnH,63H,01H,62H,66H,06H,mmH
BnH,63H,14H,62H,rrH,06H,mmH
BnH,63H,15H,62H,rrH,06H,mmH
BnH,63H,16H,62H,rrH,06H,mmH
BnH,63H,17H,62H,rrH,06H,mmH
BnH,63H,18H,62H,rrH,06H,mmH
138
136
MIDI Data Format
PITCH FINE
LEVEL
PANPOT
REVERB SEND
CHORUS SEND
VARIATION SEND
BnH,63H,19H,62H,rrH,06H,mmH
BnH,63H,1AH,62H,rrH,06H,mmH
BnH,63H,1CH,62H,rrH,06H,mmH
BnH,63H,1DH,62H,rrH,06H,mmH
BnH,63H,1EH,62H,rrH,06H,mmH
BnH,63H,1FH,62H,rrH,06H,mmH
RPN LSB
RPN MSB
PITCH BEND SENS.
FINE TUNING
BnH,64H
BnH,65H
BnH,65H,00H,64H,00H,06H,mmH
BnH,65H,00H,64H,01H,06H,mmH,
26H,llH
COARSE TUNING
BnH,65H,00H,64H,02H,06H,mmH
NULL
BnH,65H,7FH,64H,7FH
ALL SOUND OFF
BnH,78H,00H
RESET ALL CONTROLLERS BnH,79H,00H
ALL NOTES OFF
BnH,7BH,00H
OMNI OFF
BnH,7CH,00H
OMNI ON
BnH,7DH,00H
MONO
BnH,7EH
POLY
BnH,7FH
PROGRAM CHANGE
CnH
CHANNEL AFTER TOUCH
DnH
PITCH BEND CHANGE
EnH
SYSTEM EXCLUSIVE MESSAGE
<YAMAHA MIDI FORMAT>
<UNIVERSAL>
UNIVERSAL REALTIME
F0H 7FH.....F7H
UNIVERSAL NON-REALTIME
F0H 7EH.....F7H
<XG STANDARD>
XG PARAMETER CHANGE
F0H 43H 1nH 4CH aaH aaH aaH ddH
.....ddH F7H
XG BULK DUMP
F0H 43H 0nH 4CH bbH bbH aaH aaH
aaH ddH.....ddH ccH F7H
PARAMETER REQUEST
F0H 43H 3nH 4CH aaH aaH aaH F7H
DUMP REQUEST
F0H 43H 2nH 4CH aaH aaH aaH F7H
SPECIAL OPERATORS
Others
SYSTEM REALTIME MESSAGE
MIDI CLOCK
START
STOP
ACTIVE SENSING
F8H
FAH
FCH
FEH
(3) TRANSMIT/RECEIVE DATA
(3-1) CHANNEL VOICE MESSAGES
(3-1-1) NOTE OFF (Receive only)
STATUS
1000nnnn(8nH)
NOTE NUMBER
0kkkkkkk
VELOCITY
0vvvvvvv
n = 0 - 15 VOICE CHANNEL NUMBER
k = 0 (C-2) - 127 (G8)
v: ignored
(3-1-2) NOTE ON/OFF
STATUS
1001nnnn(9nH)
NOTE NUMBER
0kkkkkkk
VELOCITY
0vvvvvvv
00000000
n = 0 - 15 VOICE CHANNEL NUMBER
k = 0 (C-2) - 127 (G8)
(v≠0) NOTE ON
(v=0) NOTE OFF
(3-1-3) PROGRAM CHANGE
STATUS
1100nnnn(CnH)
PROGRAM NUMBER 0ppppppp
n = 0 - 15 VOICE CHANNEL NUMBER
p = 0 - 127
* PROGRAM NUMBER: XG DRUM VOICE number correspondence
P=0
Standard Kit
P=1
Standard2 Kit
P=8
Room Kit
P = 16
Rock Kit
P = 24
Elctrnic Kit
P = 25
Analog Kit
P = 27
Dance Kit
P = 32
Jazz Kit
P = 40
Brush Kit
P = 48
Symphonic Kit
(3-1-4) CHANNEL AFTER TOUCH (Receive only)
STATUS
1101nnnn(DnH)
n = 0 - 15 VOICE CHANNEL NUMBER
VALUE
0vvvvvvv
v = 0 - 127 AFTER TOUCH VALUE
(3-1-5) PITCH BEND CHANGE
STATUS
1110nnnn(EnH)
LSB
0vvvvvvv
MSB
0vvvvvvv
(3-1-6) CONTROL CHANGE
STATUS
1011nnnn(BnH)
CONTROL NUMBER 0ccccccc
CONTROL VALUE
0vvvvvvv
* Transmit CONTROL NUMBER.
c=0
BANK SELECT MSB
c = 32
c= 6
c = 38
c= 7
c = 10
c = 64
c = 66
c = 67
c = 72
c = 91
c = 93
c = 94
BANK SELECT LSB
DATA ENTRY MSB
DATA ENTRY LSB
MAIN VOLUME
PANPOT
SUSTAIN
SOSTENUTO
SOFT PEDAL
RELEASE TIME
REVERB SEND LEVEL
CHORUS SEND LEVEL
VARIATION SEND LEVEL
c = 100 RPN LSB
c = 101 RPN MSB
* Receive CONTROL NUMBER.
c= 0
BANK SELECT MSB
c = 32
c= 1
c= 5
c= 6
c = 38
c= 7
c = 10
c = 11
c = 64
c = 65
c = 66
c = 67
c = 71
c = 72
c = 73
c = 74
c = 84
c = 91
c = 93
c = 94
BANK SELECT LSB
MODULATION
PORTAMENTO TIME
DATA ENTRY MSB
DATA ENTRY LSB
MAIN VOLUME
PANPOT
EXPRESSION
SUSTAIN
PORTAMENTO
SOSTENUTO
SOFT PEDAL
HARMONIC CONTENT
RELEASE TIME
ATTACK TIME
BRIGHTNESS
PORTAMENT CONTROL
REVERB SEND LEVEL
CHORUS SEND LEVEL
VARIATION SEND LEVEL
c = 96
c = 97
c = 98
DATA INCREMENT
DATA DECREMENT
NRPN LSB
c = 99
NRPN MSB
c = 100 RPN LSB
c = 101 RPN MSB
n = 0 - 15 VOICE CHANNEL NUMBER
PITCH BEND CHANGE LSB
PITCH BEND CHANGE MSB
n = 0 - 15 VOICE CHANNEL NUMBER
; v = 0:XG NORMAL,
64:SFX NORMAL,
126:XG SFX KIT,
127:XG DRUM
; v = 0 - 127
; v = 0 - 127
*1
; v = 0 - 127
*1
; v = 0 - 127
; v = 0 - 127
; v = 0-63:OFF , 64-127:ON
*2
; v = 0-63:OFF , 64-127:ON
*2
; v = 0-63:OFF , 64-127:ON
*2
; v = 0:-64-64:0-127:+63
; v = 0 - 127
; v = 0 - 127
; v = 0 - 127
(When only Connection = 1[System])
Refer to “(3-3)REGISTERED
PARAMETER NUMBER”
Refer to “(3-3)REGISTERED
PARAMETER NUMBER”
; v = 0:XG NORMAL,
64:SFX NORMAL,
126:XG SFX KIT,
127:XG DRUM
; v = 0 - 127
; v = 0 - 127
*2
; v = 0 - 127
*2
; v = 0 - 127
*1
; v = 0 - 127
*1
; v = 0 - 127
; v = 0 - 127
; v = 0 - 127
; v = 0-63:OFF , 64-127:ON
*2
; v = 0-63:OFF , 64-127:ON
*2
; v = 0-63:OFF , 64-127:ON
*2
; v = 0-63:OFF , 64-127:ON
*2
; v = 0:-64 - 64:0 - 127:+63
*2
; v = 0:-64 - 64:0 - 127:+63
*2
; v = 0:-64 - 64:0 - 127:+63
*2
; v = 0:-64 - 64:0 - 127:+63
*2
; v = 0 - 127
*2
; v = 0 - 127
; v = 0 - 127
; v = 0 - 127
(When only Connection=1[System])
; v = 0 - 127
*1
; v = 0 - 127
*1
Refer to “(3-4)NON-REGISTERED
PARAMETER NUMBER”
Refer to “(3-4)NON-REGISTERED
PARAMETER NUMBER”
Refer to “(3-3)REGISTERED
PARAMETER NUMBER”
Refer to “(3-3)REGISTERED
PARAMETER NUMBER”
*1 Only when setting the appointed parameter with RPN, NRPN.
*2 Does not effect Rhythm Voice.
• Until a PROGRAM CHANGE message is received, the BANK SELECT operation
will be suspended.
When a Voice, including VOICE BANK, is changed, set the BANK SELECT and
Program Change Message, and transmit in the following order, BANK SELECT
MSB, LSB, PROGRAM CHANGE.
• MODULATION controls the Vibrato Depth.
* PROGRAM NUMBER: XG SFX KIT number correspondence
P=0
SFX1 Kit
P=1
SFX2 Kit
• PORTAMENTO TIME controls the Pitch Change Speed when the Portamento Switch
= ON. 0 being the shortest time, and 127 being the longest.
When DRUM VOICE is selected and program change data for a different DRUM
VOICE is received, the currently selected DRUM VOICE will be replaced with the new
DRUM VOICE.
• Portamento time is fixed to 0 when the PORTAMENTO CONTROL is used.
• PANPOT changes the value for the melody voice and rhythm voice in relation to the
preset value.
• HARMONIC CONTENT applies adjustment to the resonance value that is set by the
voice.
137
139
MIDI Data Format
This parameter specifies relative change with the value of 64 producing 0 adjustment.
As values get higher the sound becomes increasingly eccentric.
Note that for some voices the effective parameter range is narrower than the legal
parameter range.
• RELEASE TIME applies adjustment to the envelope release time set by the voice.
This parameter specifies relative change with the value of 64 producing 0 adjustment.
• ATTACK TIME applies adjustment to the envelope attack time set by the voice.
This parameter specifies relative change with the value of 64 producing 0 adjustment.
• BRIGHTNESS applies adjustment to the cut-off frequency set by the voice.
This parameter specifies relative change with the value of 64 producing 0 adjustment.
Lower voices produce a softer sound.
For some voices the effective parameter range is narrower than the legal parameter
range.
(3-2) CHANNEL MODE MESSAGES
STATUS
1011nnnn(BnH)
CONTROL NUMBER 0ccccccc
CONTROL VALUE
0vvvvvvv
n = 0 - 15 VOICE CHANNEL NUMBER
c = CONTROL NUMBER
v = DATA VALUE
(3-2-1) ALL SOUND OFF (Receive only)
(CONTROL NUMBER = 78H , DATA VALUE = 0)
Switches off all sound from the channel.
Does not reset Note On and Hold On conditions established by Channel Messages.
(3-2-2) RESET ALL CONTROLLERS (Receive only)
(CONTROL NUMBER = 79H , DATA VALUE = 0)
Resets controllers as follows.
PITCH BEND CHANGE
AFTER TOUCH
MODULATION
EXPRESSION
SUSTAIN
SOSTENUTO
SOFT PEDAL
NRPN
RPN
PORTAMENT CONTROL
PORTAMENTO
0 (Center)
0 (min.)
0 (min.)
127 (max.)
0 (off)
0 (off)
0 (off)
Sets number to null. (Internal data remains unchanged)
Sets number to null. (Internal data remains unchanged)
Resets portamento source note number
0 (off)
(3-2-3) ALL NOTES OFF (Receive only)
(CONTROL NUMBER = 7BH , DATA VALUE = 0)
Switches off all of the channel’s “on” notes.
However, any notes being held by SUSTAIN or SOSTENUTO continue to sound until
SUSTAIN/SOSTENUTO goes off.
(3-2-4) OMNI OFF (Receive only)
(CONTROL NUMBER = 7CH , DATA VALUE = 0)
Same processing as for All Notes Off.
(3-2-5) OMNI ON (Receive only)
(CONTROL NUMBER = 7DH , DATA VALUE = 0)
Same processing as for All Notes Off. Omni On is not executed.
(3-2-6) MONO (Receive only) (CONTROL NUMBER = 7EH , DATA VALUE = 0)
Same processing as for All Notes Off.
If the 3rd byte is in a range of 0-16 the corresponding channel will be changed to Mode
4 (m=1).
(3-2-7) POLY (Receive only) (CONTROL NUMBER = 7FH , DATA VALUE = 0)
Same processing as for All Sounds Off and the corresponding channel will be changed
to Mode 3.
(3-3) REGISTERED PARAMETER NUMBER (RPN)
STATUS
1011nnnn(BnH)
n = 0 - 15 VOICE CHANNEL NUMBER
RPN LSB
01100100(64H)
RPN LSB NUMBER 0ppppppp
p = RPN LSB(refer to the list below)
RPN MSB
01100101(65H)
RPN MSB
0qqqqqqq
q = RPN MSB(refer to the list below)
DATA ENTRY MSB
00000110(06H)
DATA VALUE
0mmmmmmm
m = Data Value
DATA ENTRY LSB
00100110(26H)
DATA VALUE
0lllllll
l = Data Value
First appoints the parameter for RPN MSB/LSB, then sets the parameter value for data
entry MSB/LSB.
RPN
D.ENTRY
MSB LSB MSB LSB PARAMETER NAME
DATA RANGE
00H 00H mmH — PITCH BEND SENSITIVITY 00H - 18H(0 - 24 semitones)
01H 00H mmH llH FINE TUNE
{mmH,llH} =
{00H,00H}-{40H,00H}-{7FH,7FH}
(-8192*100/8192) - 0 - (+8192*100/8192)
02H 00H mmH — COARSE TUNE
28H - 40H - 58H (-24 - 0 - +24 semitones)
7FH 7FH — — NULL
Clears the current RPN number setting.
Does not change the internal parameter settings.
(3-4) NON-REGISTERED PARAMETER NUMBER (NRPN) (Receive only)
STATUS
1011nnnn(BnH)
n = 0 - 15 VOICE CHANNEL NUMBER
NRPN LSB
NRPN LSB NUMBER
NRPN MSB
NRPN MSB NUMBER
DATA ENTRY MSB
DATA VALUE
01100010(62H)
0ppppppp
01100011(63H)
0qqqqqqq
00000110(06H)
0mmmmmmm
p = NRPN LSB(refer to the list below)
q = NRPN MSB(refer to the list below)
m = Data Value
First appoints the parameter for NRPN MSB/LSB, then sets the parameter value for
data entry MSB/LSB.
NRPN
D.ENTRY
MSB LSB MSB LSB
01H 08H mmH —
01H 09H mmH —
01H 0AH mmH —
01H 20H mmH —
01H 21H mmH —
01H 63H mmH —
01H 64H mmH —
01H 66H mmH —
14H rrH mmH —
15H rrH mmH —
16H rrH mmH —
17H rrH mmH —
18H rrH mmH —
19H rrH mmH —
1AH rrH mmH —
1CH rrH mmH —
1DH rrH mmH —
1EH rrH mmH —
1FH rrH mmH —
PARAMETER NAME
VIBRATO RATE
VIBRATO DEPTH
VIBRATO DELAY
FILTER CUTOFF FREQUENCY
FILTER RESONANCE
EG ATTACK TIME
EG DECAY TIME
EG RELEASE
DRUM FILTER CUTOFF FREQ.
DRUM FILTER RESONANCE
DRUM AEG ATTACK RATE
DRUM AEG DECAY RATE
DRUM PITCH COARSE
DRUM PITCH FINE
DRUM LEVEL
DRUM PANPOT
DATA RANGE
00H - 40H - 7FH (-64 - 0 - +63)
00H - 40H - 7FH (-64 - 0 - +63)
00H - 40H - 7FH (-64 - 0 - +63)
00H - 40H - 7FH (-64 - 0 - +63)
00H - 40H - 7FH (-64 - 0 - +63)
00H - 40H - 7FH (-64 - 0 - +63)
00H - 40H - 7FH (-64 - 0 - +63)
00H - 40H - 7FH (-64 - 0 - +63)
00H - 40H - 7FH (-64 - 0 - +63)
00H - 40H - 7FH (-64 - 0 - +63)
00H - 40H - 7FH (-64 - 0 - +63)
00H - 40H - 7FH (-64 - 0 - +63)
00H - 40H - 7FH (-64 - 0 - +63)
00H - 40H - 7FH (-64 - 0 - +63)
00H - 7FH (0 - max.)
00H, 01H - 40H - 7FH
(random,left - center - right)
DRUM REVERB SEND LEVEL
00H - 7FH (0 - max.)
DRUM CHORUS SEND LEVEL
00H - 7FH (0 - max.)
DRUM VARIATION SEND LEVEL 00H - 7FH (0 - max.)
The MSG14H-1FH (for drums) message is accepted as long as the channel is set with a
drum voice.
rrH : drum instrument note number
(3-5) SYSTEM REALTIME MESSAGES
(3-5-1) MIDI CLOCK
STATUS
11111000
(F8H)
Transmission: 96 clocks per measure are transmitted.
Reception: If the instrument’s clock is set to external, after FAH is received from the
external device the instrument’s clock will sync with the 96 beats per measure received
from the external device.
Decides whether the internal clock, or Timing Clocks received via the MIDI IN will be
used.
(3-5-2) START
STATUS
11111010
(FAH)
Transmission: Transmitted when instrument’s Rhythm or Song playback is started.
Reception: Depending upon the condition, Rhythm, Song Playback, or Song Rec will
start.
(3-5-3) STOP
STATUS
11111100
(FCH)
Transmission: Transmitted when instrument’s Rhythm or Song playback is stopped.
Reception: Depending upon the condition, Rhythm, Song Playback, or Song Rec will
stop.
(3-5-4) ACTIVE SENSING
STATUS
11111110
(FEH)
Transmission: Transmitted approximately once every 200msec.
Reception: Depending upon the condition, Rhythm, Song Playback, or Song Rec will
stop.
(3-6) SYSTEM EXCLUSIVE MESSAGE
(3-6-1) YAMAHA MIDI FORMAT
(3-6-1-1) SECTION CONTROL
binary
hexadecimal
11110000
F0
01000011
43
01111110
7E
00000000
00
0sssssss
SS
0ddddddd
11110111
DD
F7
Exclusive status
YAMAHA ID
Style
Switch No.
00H
: INTRO A
01H - 07H
: INTRO B
08H
: MAIN A
09H - 0FH
: MAIN B
10H
: FILL IN A
11H - 1FH
: FILL IN B
20H
: ENDING A
21H - 27H
: ENDING B
Switch On/Off: 00H(Off),7FH(On)
End of Exclusive
When an ON code is received, the appointed section will be changed.
140
138
MIDI Data Format
(3-6-1-2) TEMPO CONTROL
binary
hexadecimal
11110000
F0
01000011
43
01111110
7E
00000000
01
0ttttttt
TT
0ttttttt
TT
0ttttttt
TT
0ttttttt
TT
11110111
F7
Exclusive status
YAMAHA ID
Style
Tempo4
Tempo3
Tempo2
Tempo1
End of Exclusive
The internal clock will be set to the received Tempo value.
Tempo Meta Event is a large data block (24-bit), it is divided into 4 groups with 7-bits
going into each of the Tempos 1-4 (4 receives the remaining 3 bits).
(3-6-2) UNIVERSAL SYSTEM EXCLUSIVE
(3-6-2-1) UNIVERSAL REALTIME MESSAGE
(3-6-2-1-1) MIDI MASTER VOLUME (Receive only)
binary
hexadecimal
11110000
F0
Exclusive status
01111111
7F
Universal Realtime
01111111
7F
ID of target Device
00000100
04
Sub-ID #1=Device Control Message
00000001
01
Sub-ID #2=Master Volume
0sssssss
SS
Volume LSB
0ttttttt
TT
Volume MSB
11110111
F7
End of Exclusive
or
11110000
F0
Exclusive status
01111111
7F
Universal Realtime
0xxxnnnn
XN
When N is received N=0-F, whichever is received.
When N is transmitted N always=0.
X = don’t care
00000100
04
Sub-ID #1=Device Control Message
00000001
01
Sub-ID #2=Master Volume
0sssssss
SS
Volume LSB
0ttttttt
TT
Volume MSB
11110111
F7
End of Exclusive
The volume for all channels will be changed simultaneously.
The TT value is used as the MIDI Master Volume value. (the ss value is ignored.)
(3-6-2-2) UNIVERSAL NON REALTIME MESSAGE
(3-6-2-2-1) GENERAL MIDI SYSTEM ON
binary
hexadecimal
11110000
F0
Exclusive status
01111110
7E
Universal Non-Realtime
01111111
7F
ID of target Device
00001001
09
Sub-ID #1=General MIDI Message
00000001
01
Sub-ID #2=General MIDI On
11110111
F7
End of Exclusive
or
11110000
F0
Exclusive status
01111110
7E
Universal Non-Realtime
0xxxnnnn
XN
When N is received N=0-F, whichever is received.
When N is transmitted N always=0.
X = don’t care
00001001
09
Sub-ID #1=General MIDI Message
00000001
01
Sub-ID #2=General MIDI On
11110111
F7
End of Exclusive
(3-6-3-1-2) XG PARMETER CHANGE
binary
hexadecimal
11110000
F0
Exclusive status
01000011
43
YAMAHA ID
0001nnnn
1N
Device Number
01001100
4C
Model ID
0aaaaaaa
AA
Address High
0aaaaaaa
AA
Address Mid
0aaaaaaa
AA
Address Low
0ddddddd
DD
Data
|
|
11110111
F7
End of Exclusive
For parameters with data size of 2 or 4, transmit the appropriate number of data bytes.
For more information on Address and Parameters, refer to < Table 1-2 > - < Table 1-5 >.
The data types listed below are transmitted and received.
System Data
Multi Effect1 Data
Multi Part Data
Drums Setup Data
(3-6-3-2) XG BULK DUMP
binary
hexadecimal
01110000
F0
01000011
43
0000nnnn
0N
01001100
4C
0bbbbbbb
BB
0bbbbbbb
BB
0aaaaaaa
AA
0aaaaaaa
AA
0aaaaaaa
AA
0ddddddd
DD
|
|
0ccccccc
CC
11110111
F7
Exclusive status
YAMAHA ID
Device Number
Model ID
ByteCount MSB
ByteCount LSB
Address High
Address Mid
Address Low
Data
Check sum
End of Exclusive
For more information on Address and Byte Count, refer to < Table 1-2 > - < Table 1-5 >.
The Check Sum value is set such that the sum of Byte Count, Address, Data, and Check
Sum has value zero in its seven least significant bits.
If the top of the block is appointed to the Address the XG Bulk Dump, Bulk Request
will be received.
The Block is a unit that consists of the data, arranged in the list, as the Total Size.
The data types listed below are transmitted and received.(These are transmitted only
after a Bulk Dump request is received.)
System Data
System Information (Transmit ONLY)
Multi Effect1 Data
Multi Part Data
Drums Setup Data
(3-6-3-3) XG PARAMETER REQUEST (Receive only)
binary
hexadecimal
11110000
F0
Exclusive status
01000011
43
YAMAHA ID
0011nnnn
3n
Device Number
01001100
4C
Model ID
0aaaaaaa
AA
Address High
0aaaaaaa
AA
Address Mid
0aaaaaaa
AA
Address Low
11110111
F7
End of Exclusive
For more information on Address and Byte Count refer to < Table 1-2 > - < Table1-5 >.
Depending upon the received ON message, the System Mode will be changed to XG.
Except MIDI Master Tuning, all control data be reset to default values.
This message requires approximately 50ms to execute, so sufficient time should be
allowed before the next message is sent.
The bank select message for the channel 10 and the NRPN message are not received in
the GM mode.
(3-6-3) XG STANDARD
(3-6-3-1) XG PARAMETER CHANGE
(3-6-3-1-1) XG SYSTEM ON
binary
hexadecimal
11110000
F0
01000011
43
0001nnnn
1N
01001100
4C
00000000
00
00000000
00
01111110
7E
00000000
00
11110111
F7
Exclusive status
YAMAHA ID
Device Number
Model ID
Address High
Address Mid
Address Low
Data
End of Exclusive
Depending upon the received ON message, the SYSTEM MODE will be changed to
XG.Controllers will be reset, all values of Multi Part and Effect, and All System values
denoted by “XG” data within All System will be reset to default values in the table.
This message requires approximately 50ms to execute, so sufficient time should be
allowed before the next message is sent.
The data types listed below are received.
System Data
Multi Effect1 Data
Multi Part Data
Drums Setup Data
(3-6-3-4) XG DUMP REQUEST (Receive only)
binary
hexadecimal
11110000
F0
Exclusive status
01000011
43
YAMAHA ID
0010nnnn
2n
Device Number
01001100
4C
Model ID
00aaaaaaa
AA
Address High
00aaaaaaa
AA
Address Mid
00aaaaaaa
AA
Address Low
11110111
F7
End of Exclusive
For more information on Address and Byte Count refer to < Table 1-2 > - < Table1-5 >.
The data types listed below are received.
System Data
System Information
Multi Effect1 Data
Multi Part Data
Drums Setup Data
139
141
MIDI Data Format
(3-6-4) CLAVINOVA MIDI COMPLIANCE
01000101
0vvvvvvv
11110111
(3-6-4-1) DOC MULTI TIMBRE ON / OFF (Receive only)
binary
hexadecimal
11110000
F0
Exclusive status
01000011
43
YAMAHA ID
01110011
73
Clavinova ID
00000001
01
Clavinova commmon ID
N: 3(DOC Multi Timbre Off),4(DOC Multi Timbre On)
0001000n
1N
11110111
F7
End of Exclusive
45
VV
F7
Volume and Expression Realtime Control Off
Value VV: Off=7FH, on=OOH
End of Exclusive
When “On” is received, subsequent volume, expression, and PAN
changes are only valid after the reception of the next key on.
Normal operation resumes when “Off” is received.
(3-6-6) Others
(3-6-6-1) MIDI MASTER TUNING(Receive only)
binary
hexadecimal
11110000
F0
Exclusive status
01000011
43
YAMAHA ID
0001nnnn
1N
When N is received N=0-F, whichever is received.
When N is transmitted N always=0.
00100111
27
Model ID
00110000
30
Sub ID
00000000
00
00000000
00
0mmmmmmm MM
Master Tune MSB
0lllllll
LL
Master Tune LSB
0ccccccc
CC
don’t care
11110111
F7
End of Exclusive
(3-6-4-2) MIDI FA CANCEL(Receive only)
binary
hexadecimal
11110000
F0
Exclusive status
01000011
43
YAMAHA ID
01110011
73
Clavinova ID
00000001
01
Clavinova common ID
01100001
61
MIDI FA Cancel
11110111
F7
End of Exclusive
If this message is received, even if FAH is received the accompaniment/song will not
start.
(3-6-5) SPECIAL OPERATORS
(3-6-5-1) VOLUME ,EXPRESSION AND PAN REALTIME CONTROL OFF
binary
hexadecimal
11110000
F0
Exclusive status
01000011
43
YAMAHA ID
01110011
73
Clavinova ID
00000001
01
Clavinova common ID
00010001
11
Sub ID
0000nnnn
0N
N = MIDI Channel
Changes tuning of all channels.
MM, LL values are used to define the MIDI Master Tuning value.
T = M-128
T : Tuning value (-99cent - +99cent)
M : A single byte value (28-228) consists of bytes 0-3 of MM = MSB,
bytes 0-3 of LL = LSB.
In this setting, GM System ON, XG System ON will not be reset.
< Table 1-1> Parmeter Basic Address
Parameter Change
Address
(H) (M) (L)
00 00 00
00 00 7D
00 00 7E
00 00 7F
SYSTEM
Description
System
Drum Setup Reset
XG System On
All Parameter Reset
INFORMATION
01
00
00
System Information
EFFECT 1
02
01
00
Effect1(Reverb,Chorus,Variation)
MULTI PART
08
00
00
08
0F
00
Multi Part 1
:
Multi Part 16
30
31
0D 00
0D 00
DRUM
Drum Setup 1 →
Drum Setup 2
Address
:
3n 0D 0
3n 0E 0
:
3n 5B 0
Parameter
:
note number 13
note number 14
:
note number 91
< Table 1-2 > MIDI Parameter Change table (SYSTEM)
Address
(H)
00 00
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
7D
7E
7F
TOTAL SIZE 7
Size
(H)
4
Data
(H)
0000
..07FF
1
1
1
00..7F
28..58
0n
00
00
Prameter Name
Description
Master Tune
-102.4..+102.3[cent]
1st bit3-0 → bit15-12
2nd bit3-0 → bit11-8
3rd bit3-0 → bit7-4
4th bit3-0 → bit3-0
0..127
Master Volume
Not Used
Transpose
Drum Setup Reset
XG System On
All Parameter Reset
-24..+24[semitones]
0n=Drum Setup Number
00=XG Sytem on
00=on (receive only)
Default Value
(H)
00 04 00 00
(400)
(With XG, GM On, it will not reset.)
7F
40
< Table 1-3 > MIDI Parameter table (System information)
Address
(H)
01 00
00
:
0D
0E
0F
TOTAL SIZE 10
Size
(H)
E
Data
(H)
20..7F
1
1
00
00
Prameter Name
Description
Model Name
32..127(ASCII)
(Transmitted by Dump Request. Not received. Bulk Dump Only)
142
140
MIDI Data Format
< Table 1-4 > MIDI Parameter Change table (EFFECT)
Address
(H)
02 01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
0A
0B
0C
0D
TOTAL SIZE 0E
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Data
(H)
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
01..7F
02
01
10
11
12
13
14
15
TOTAL SIZE 6
1
1
1
1
1
1
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
Reverb Parameter 11
Reverb Parameter 12
Reverb Parameter 13
Reverb Parameter 14
Reverb Parameter 15
Reverb Parameter 16
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Depend on Reverb type
Depend on Reverb type
Depend on Reverb type
Depend on Reverb type
Depend on Reverb type
Depend on Reverb type
02
01
2
Chorus Type MSB
Chorus Type LSB
Chorus Parameter 1
Chorus Parameter 2
Chorus Parameter 3
Chorus Parameter 4
Chorus Parameter 5
Chorus Parameter 6
Chorus Parameter 7
Chorus Parameter 8
Chorus Parameter 9
Chorus Parameter 10
Chorus Return
Chorus Pan
Send Chorus To Reverb
Refer to the Ef. Type List
00 : basic type
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
-∞..0..+6dB(0..64..127)
L63..C..R63(1..64..127)
-∞..0..+6dB(0..64..127)
41(=Chorus1)
00
Depend on Chorus Type
Depend on Chorus Type
Depend on Chorus Type
Depend on Chorus Type
Depend on Chorus Type
Depend on Chorus Type
Depend on Chorus Type
Depend on Chorus Type
Depend on Chorus Type
Depend on Chorus Type
40
40
00
00
20
Size
(H)
2
Prameter Name
Description
Reverb Type MSB
Reverb Type LSB
Reverb Parameter 1
Reverb Parameter 2
Reverb Parameter 3
Reverb Parameter 4
Reverb Parameter 5
Reverb Parameter 6
Reverb Parameter 7
Reverb Parameter 8
Reverb Parameter 9
Reverb Parameter 10
Reverb Return
Reverb Pan
Refer to the Ef. Type List
00 : basic type
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
-∞..0..+6dB(0..64..127)
L63..C..R63(1..64..127)
Default Value
(H)
01(=HALL1)
00
Depend on Reverb type
Depend on Reverb type
Depend on Reverb type
Depend on Reverb type
Depend on Reverb type
Depend on Reverb type
Depend on Reverb type
Depend on Reverb type
Depend on Reverb type
Depend on Reverb type
40
40
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
2A
2B
2C
2D
2E
TOTAL SIZE 0F
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
01..7F
00..7F
02
01
30
31
32
33
34
35
TOTAL SIZE 6
1
1
1
1
1
1
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
Chorus Parameter 11
Chorus Parameter 12
Chorus Parameter 13
Chorus Parameter 14
Chorus Parameter 15
Chorus Parameter 16
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Depend on Chorus Type
Depend on Chorus Type
Depend on Chorus Type
Depend on Chorus Type
Depend on Chorus Type
Depend on Chorus Type
02
01
40
2
42
2
44
2
46
2
48
2
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
01..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..01
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
Variation Type MSB
Variation Type LSB
Vari. Param. 1 MSB
Vari. Param. 1 LSB
Vari. Param. 2 MSB
Vari. Param. 2 LSB
Vari. Param. 3 MSB
Vari. Param. 3 LSB
Vari. Param. 4 MSB
Vari. Param. 4 LSB
Vari. Param. 5 MSB
Vari. Param. 5 LSB
Vari. Param. 6 MSB
Vari. Param. 6 LSB
Vari. Param. 7 MSB
Vari. Param. 7 LSB
Vari. Param. 8 MSB
Vari. Param. 8 LSB
Vari. Param. 9 MSB
Vari. Param. 9 LSB
Vari. Param. 10 MSB
Vari. Param. 10 LSB
Variation Return
Variation Pan
Send Vari. To Reverb
Send Vari. To Chorus
Variation Connection
Variation Part
MW Vari. Ctrl Depth
PB Vari. Ctrl Depth
CAT Vari. Ctrl Depth
Not Used
Not Used
Refer to the Ef. Type List
00 : basic type
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
Refer to the Ef. Parameter List
-∞..0..+6dB(0..64..127)
L63..C..R63(1..64..127)
-∞..0..+6dB(0..96..127)
-∞..0..+6dB(0..96..127)
0:insertion,1:system
part1..16(0..15),off(16..63,65..127),AD1(64)
-63..+63
-63..+63
-63..+63
05(=DELAY L,C,R)
00
Depend on Vari. Type
Depend on Vari. Type
Depend on Vari. Type
Depend on Vari. Type
Depend on Vari. Type
Depend on Vari. Type
Depend on Vari. Type
Depend on Vari. Type
Depend on Vari. Type
Depend on Vari. Type
Depend on Vari. Type
Depend on Vari. Type
Depend on Vari. Type
Depend on Vari. Type
Depend on Vari. Type
Depend on Vari. Type
Depend on Vari. Type
Depend on Vari. Type
Depend on Vari. Type
Depend on Vari. Type
40
40
00
00
00
7F
40
40
40
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
Variation Parameter 11
Variation Parameter 12
Variation Parameter 13
Variation Parameter 14
Variation Parameter 15
Variation Parameter 16
option Parameter
option Parameter
option Parameter
option Parameter
option Parameter
option Parameter
Depend on Variation Type
Depend on Variation Type
Depend on Variation Type
Depend on Variation Type
Depend on Variation Type
Depend on Variation Type
4A
2
4C
2
4E
2
50
2
52
2
54
2
56
57
58
59
5A
5B
5C
5D
5E
5F
60
TOTAL SIZE 21
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
02
1
1
1
1
1
1
01
70
71
72
73
74
75
TOTAL SIZE 6
141
143
MIDI Data Format
< Table 1-5 > MIDI Parameter Change table (MULTI PART)
Address
(H)
08 nn
nn
nn
nn
nn
00
01
02
03
04
Size
(H)
1
1
1
1
1
nn
nn
05
06
1
1
Data
(H)
00..20
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..0F,
7F
00..01
00..03
nn
07
1
00..02
Part Mode
nn
nn
nn
08
09
0A
1
2
28..58
00..FF
Note Shift
Detune
nn
nn
nn
nn
0B
0C
0D
0E
1
1
1
1
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
Volume
Velocity Sense Depth
Velocity Sense Offset
Pan
nn
nn
nn
nn
nn
nn
0F
10
11
12
13
14
1
1
1
1
1
1
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
nn
nn
nn
nn
nn
nn
nn
nn
15
16
17
18
19
1A
1B
1C
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
nn
nn
nn
nn
nn
nn
1D
1E
1F
20
21
22
nn 23
nn 24
nn 25
nn 26
nn 27
nn 28
TOTAL SIZE 29
nn
Prameter Name
Description
Default Value
(H)
0(Part10),2(Others)
7F(Part10),00(Others)
00
00
Part No.
Element Reserve
Bank Select MSB
Bank Select LSB
Program Number
Rcv Channel
0..32
0..127
0..127
1..128
0..15;1..16,127;off
Mono/Poly Mode
Same Note Number
Key On Assign
0:mono,1:poly
0:single
1:multi
2:inst (for DRUM)
0:normal
1:drum (ROM)
2-3:drum (RAM)
-24..+24[semitones]
-12.8..+12.7[Hz]
1st bit3..0 → bit7..4
2nd bit3..0 → bit3..0
0..127
0..127
0..127
0:random
L63..C..R63(1..64..127)
01
00
Note Limit Low
Note Limit High
Dry Level
Chorus Send
Reverb Send
Variation Send
C-2..G8
C-2..G8
0..127
0..127
0..127
0..127
00
7F
7F
00
28
00
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
Vibrato Rate
Vibrato Depth
Vibrato Delay
Filter Cutoff Freq.
Filter Resonance
EG Attack Time
EG Decay Time
EG Release Time
-64..+63
-64..+63
-64..+63
-64..+63
-64..+63
-64..+63
-64..+63
-64..+63
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
1
1
1
1
1
1
28..58
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
MW Pitch Control
MW Filter Control
MW Amp. Control
MW LFO PMod Depth
MW LFO FMod Depth
MW LFO AMod Depth
-24..+24[semitones]
-9600..+9450[cent]
-100..+100[%]
0..127
0..127
0..127
40
40
40
0A
00
00
1
1
1
1
1
1
28..58
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
Bend Pitch Control
Bend Filter Control
Bend Amp. Control
Bend LFO PMod Depth
Bend LFO FMod Depth
Bend LFO AMod Depth
-24..+24[semitones]
-9600..+9450[cent]
-100..+100[%]
0..127
0..127
0..127
42
40
40
00
00
00
00 (other than Part10)
01 (Part10)
40
08 00
-80
64
40
40
40
nn
30
:
40
nn
nn
nn
nn
nn
nn
nn
nn
nn
nn
nn
nn
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
4A
4B
4C
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
Scale Tuning C
Scale Tuning C#
Scale Tuning D
Scale Tuning D#
Scale Tuning E
Scale Tuning F
Scale Tuning F#
Scale Tuning G
Scale Tuning G#
Scale Tuning A
Scale Tuning A#
Scale Tuning B
-64..+63[cent]
-64..+63[cent]
-64..+63[cent]
-64..+63[cent]
-64..+63[cent]
-64..+63[cent]
-64..+63[cent]
-64..+63[cent]
-64..+63[cent]
-64..+63[cent]
-64..+63[cent]
-64..+63[cent]
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
nn
nn
nn
nn
nn
nn
4D
4E
4F
50
51
52
1
1
1
1
1
1
28..58
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
CAT Pitch Control
CAT Filter Control
CAT Amplitude Control
CAT LFO PMod Depth
CAT LFO FMod Depth
CAT LFO AMod Depth
-24..+24[semitones]
-9600..+9450[cent]
-100..+100[%]
0..127
0..127
0..127
40
40
40
00
00
00
nn
53
:
66
nn
nn
67
68
off/on
0..127
00
00
nn
69
:
6E
TOTAL SIZE 3F
Not Used
:
Not Used
Not Used
:
Not Used
1
1
00..01
00..7F
Portamento Switch
Portamento Time
Not Used
:
Not Used
nn = PartNumber
144
If there is a Drum Voice assigned to the Part, the following parameters are ineffective.
• Bank Select LSB
• Pitch EG
• Portamento
• Soft Pedal
• Mono/Poly
• Scale Tuning
142
MIDI Data Format
< Table 1-6 > MIDI Parameter Change table (DRUM SETUP)
Address
(H)
3n rr
3n rr
3n rr
3n rr
3n rr
00
01
02
03
04
3n rr
05
3n rr
06
3n rr
07
3n rr
08
3n rr
09
3n rr
0A
3n rr
0B
3n rr
0C
3n rr
0D
3n rr
0E
3n rr
0F
TOTAL SIZE 10
Size
(H)
1
1
1
1
1
Data
(H)
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
Pitch Coarse
Pitch Fine
Level
Alternate Group
Pan
Prameter Name
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..01
00..01
00..01
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
00..7F
Reverb Send Level
Chorus Send Level
Variation Send Level
Key Assign
Rcv Note Off
Rcv Note On
Filter Cutoff Freq.
Filter Resonance
EG Attack Rate
EG Decay1 Rate
EG Decay2 Rate
Description
(H)
-64..+63
-64..+63[cent]
0..127
0:off,1..127
0:random
L63..C..R63(1..64..127)
0..127
0..127
0..127
0:single,1:multi
off/on
off/on
-64..63
-64..63
-64..63
-64..63
-64..63
Default Value
(H)
40
40
Depend on the Note
Depend on the Note
Depend on the Note
Depend on the Note
Depend on the Note
7F
00
Depend on the Note
01
40
40
40
40
40
n:Drum Setup Number(0 - 1)
rr:note number(0DH - 5BH)
If XG SYSTEM ON and/or GM On message is received, all Drum Setup Parameter will be reset to default values.
According to the Drum Setup Reset message, individual Drum Setup Parameters can be reset to default values.
< Table 1-7 > Effect Type List
XG ESSENTIAL EFFECT
Same as LSB=0
XG OPTION EFFECT
Expanded type for PSR-540
* If the received value does not contain an effect type in the TYPE LSB, the LSB will be directed to TYPE 0.
* Panel Effects are based on the “[Number] Effect Name”.
REVERB TYPE
TYPE MSB
DEC
HEX
000
00
001
01
002
02
003
03
004
04
005
05
:
:
015
0F
016
10
017
11
018
12
019
13
020
14
:
:
127
7F
TYPE LSB
00
NO EFFECT
[1]HALL1
[10]ROOM1
[15]STAGE1
[19]PLATE
NO EFFECT
:
NO EFFECT
[20]WHITE ROOM
[21]TUNNEL
[22]CANYON
[23]BASEMENT
NO EFFECT
:
NO EFFECT
01
02
[5]HALL2
[11]ROOM2
[16]STAGE2
[12]ROOM3
01
02
03...07
08
09...15
16
17
18
19
[2]HALL2
[6]ROOM1
[13]STAGE1
[17]PLATE1
[3]HALL3
[7]ROOM2
[14]STAGE2
[18]PLATE2
[4]HALL4
[8]ROOM3
20
[9]ROOM4
16
17
18
19
20
20
CHORUS TYPE
TYPE MSB
DEC
HEX
000
00
001
01
:
:
064
40
065
41
066
42
067
43
068
44
:
:
127
7F
TYPE LSB
00
NO EFFECT
NO EFFECT
:
NO EFFECT
[6]CHORUS1
[9]CELESTE1
[15]FLANGER 1
NO EFFECT
:
NO EFFECT
03...07
[7]CHORUS2
[5]CHORUS5
[4]CHORUS4
[10]CELESTE3
[14]FLANGER 4
08
09...15
[8]CHORUS4
[2]CHORUS2
[11]FLANGER1
[3]CHORUS3
[1]CHORUS1
[12]FLANGER2 [13]FLANGER3
VARIATION TYPE(0-63)
TYPE MSB
TYPE LSB
DEC
HEX
00
000
00
NO EFFECT
001
01
[1]HALL1
002
02
[10]ROOM1
003
03
[15]STAGE1
004
04
[19]PLATE
005
05
[21]DELAY L,C,R
006
06
[22]DELAY L,R
007
07
[23]ECHO
008
08
[24]CROSS DELAY
009
09
[25]ER1
010
0A
[27]GATE REVERB
011
0B
[28]REVERS GATE
012
0C
NO EFFECT or THRU*
:
:
:
019
13
NO EFFECT or THRU*
020
14
[29]KARAOKE 1
021
15
NO EFFECT or THRU*
:
:
:
063
3F
NO EFFECT or THRU*
* No effect when Effect Connection = System.
Through when Effect Connection = Insertion.
01
[5]HALL2
[11]ROOM2
[16]STAGE2
02
03...07
08
09...15
[12]ROOM3
16
17
18
19
[2]HALL2
[6]ROOM1
[13]STAGE1
[17]PLATE1
[20]Delay LCR
[3]HALL3
[7]ROOM2
[14]STAGE2
[18]PLATE2
[4]HALL4
[8]ROOM3
[9]ROOM4
16
17
18
19
20
[34]CHORUS3
[43]FLANGER2
[47]Symphonic
[49]Rotary Sp1
[55]Tremolo1
[36]AutoPan
[32]CHORUS1 [53]Rotary Sp5
[44]FLANGER3
[56]Tremolo2
[58]Gtr Tremolo
[26]ER2
[30]KARAOKE 2 [31]KARAOKE 3
VARIATION TYPE (64-127)
143
TYPE MSB
DEC
HEX
064
40
065
41
066
42
067
43
068
44
069
45
070
46
071
47
072
48
073
49
074
4A
075
4B
076
4C
077
4D
078
4E
079
4F
:
:
127
7F
TYPE LSB
00
THRU
[37]CHORUS1
[40]CELESTE1
[46]FLANGER 1
[48]SYMPHONIC
[54]ROTARY SP.
[57]TREMOLO
[60]AUTO PAN
[61]PHASER
[65]DISTORTION
[66]OVER DRIVE
[67]AMP SIM.
[70]3BAND EQ
[71]2BAND EQ
[73]AUTO WAH
THRU
THRU
01
02
[38]CHORUS2 [36]CHORUS5
[35]CHORUS4 [41]CELESTE3
[45]FLANGER 4
03...07
08
[39]CHORUS4
[33]CHORUS2
[42]FLANGER1
09...15
[52]Rotary Sp4
[50]Rotary Sp2
[51]Rotary Sp3
[62]PHASER 2
[63]DIST.HARD [64]DIST.SOFT
[68]EQ DISCO [69]EQ TEL
[72]Auto Wah
145
MIDI Data Format
< Table 1-8 > Effect Parameter List
HALL1,HALL2, ROOM1,ROOM2,ROOM3, STAGE1,STAGE2, PLATE (reverb, variation, insertion block)
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Parameter
Reverb Time
Diffusion
Initial Delay
HPF Cutoff
LPF Cutoff
Display
0.3-30.0s
0-10
0.1mS-99.3mS
Thru-8.0kHz
1.0k-Thru
Value
0-69
0-10
0-63
0-52
34-60
See Table
table#4
EARLY REF1,EARLY REF2(variation block)
Control
table#5
table#3
table#3
●
Dry/Wet
D63>W - D=W - D<W63
1-127
11
12
Rev Delay
Density
Er/Rev Balance
High Damp
Feedback Level
0-63
0-3
0-2
1-127
1-10
1-127
table#5
13
14
15
16
0.1mS-99.3mS
0-4 (reverb, variation block)
0-2 (insertion block)
E63>R - E=R - E<R63
0.1-1.0
-63-+63
See Table
table#4
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Parameter
Type
Room Size
Diffusion
Initial Delay
Feedback Level
HPF Cutoff
LPF Cutoff
Display
S-H, L-H, Rdm, Rvs, Plt, Spr
0.1-7.0
0-10
0.1mS-99.3mS
-63-+63
Thru-8.0kHz
1.0k-Thru
Value
0-5
0-44
0-10
0-63
1-127
0-52
34-60
Dry/Wet
D63>W - D=W - D<W63
1-127
Liveness
Density
High Damp
0-10
0-3
0.1-1.0
0-10
0-3
1-10
See Table
Control
table#6
table#5
table#3
table#3
●
GATE REVERB, REVERSE GATE (variation block)
WHITE ROOM, TUNNEL, CANYON, BASEMENT (reverb, variation block)
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Parameter
Reverb Time
Diffusion
Initial Delay
HPF Cutoff
LPF Cutoff
Width
Heigt
Depth
Wall Vary
Dry/Wet
Display
0.3-30.0s
0-10
0.1mS-99.3mS
Thru-8.0kHz
1.0k-Thru
0.5-10.2m
0.5-20.2m
0.5-30.2m
0-30
D63>W - D=W - D<W63
Value
0-69
0-10
0-63
0-52
34-60
0-37
0-73
0-104
0-30
1-127
Rev Delay
Density
Er/Rev Balance
0.1mS-99.3mS
0-4
E63>R - E=R - E<R63
0-63
0-3
1-127
Feedback Level
-63-+63
1-127
Control
table#5
table#3
table#3
table#11
table#11
table#11
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Parameter
Type
Room Size
Diffusion
Initial Delay
Feedback Level
HPF Cutoff
LPF Cutoff
Display
TypeA,TypeB
0.1-20.0
0-10
0.1mS-200.0mS
-63-+63
Thru-8.0kHz
1.0k-Thru
Value
0-1
0-127
0-10
0-127
1-127
0-52
34-60
Dry/Wet
D63>W - D=W - D<W63
1-127
Liveness
Density
High Damp
0-10
0-3
0.1-1.0
0-10
0-3
1-10
See Table
Control
table#6
table#5
table#3
table#3
●
●
11
12
13
14
15
16
table#5
KARAOKE1,2,3 (variation, insertion block)
DELAY L,C,R (variation, insertion block)
No.
1
Parameter
Lch Delay
2
Rch Delay
3
Cch Delay
4
Feedback Delay
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Feedback Level
Cch Level
High Damp
Display
0.1-715.0ms (variation block)
0.1-715.0ms (Insertion block)
0.1-715.0ms (variation block)
0.1-715.0ms (Insertion block)
0.1-715.0ms (variation block)
0.1-715.0ms (Insertion block)
0.1-715.0ms (variation block)
0.1-715.0ms (Insertion block)
-63-+63
0-127
0.1-1.0
Value
1-7150
1-7150
1-7150
1-7150
1-7150
1-7150
1-7150
1-7150
1-127
0-127
1-10
See Table
Dry/Wet
D63>W - D=W - D<W63
1-127
EQ Low Frequency
EQ Low Gain
EQ High Frequency
EQ High Gain
50Hz-2.0kHz
-12-+12dB
500Hz-16.0kHz
-12-+12dB
8-40
52-76
28-58
52-76
table#3
Value
1-7150
1-7150
1-7150
1-7150
1-7150
1-7150
1-7150
1-7150
1-127
1-10
See Table
Control
●
Parameter
Lch Delay
2
Rch Delay
3
Feedback Delay 1
4
Feedback Delay 2
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Feedback Level
High Damp
Display
0.1-715.0ms (variation block)
0.1-715.0ms (Insertion block)
0.1-715.0ms (variation block)
0.1-715.0ms (Insertion block)
0.1-715.0ms (variation block)
0.1-715.0ms (Insertion block)
0.1-715.0ms (variation block)
0.1-715.0ms (Insertion block)
-63-+63
0.1-1.0
Control
●
D63>W - D=W - D<W63
1-127
EQ Low Frequency
EQ Low Gain
EQ High Frequency
EQ High Gain
50Hz-2.0kHz
-12-+12dB
500Hz-16.0kHz
-12-+12dB
8-40
52-76
28-58
52-76
table#3
Value
1-3550
1-3550
1-127
1-3550
1-3550
1-127
1-10
1-3550
1-3550
1-3550
1-3550
0-127
See Table
1-127
table#3
ECHO (variation, insertion block)
No.
1
2
3
Lch Feedback Level
Rch Delay1
4
5
6
Rch Feedback Level
High Damp
Lch Delay2
7
Rch Delay2
8
9
10
Delay2 Level
Display
0.1-355.0ms (variation block)
0.1-355.0ms (insertion block)
-63-+63
0.1-355.0ms (variation block)
0.1-355.0ms (insertion block)
-63-+63
0.1-1.0
0.1-355.0ms (variation block)
0.1-355.0ms (insertion block)
0.1-355.0ms (variation block)
0.1-355.0ms (insertion block)
0-127
Dry/Wet
D63>W - D=W - D<W63
11
12
13
14
15
16
Parameter
Lch Delay1
EQ Low Frequency
EQ Low Gain
EQ High Frequency
EQ High Gain
50Hz-2.0kHz
-12-+12dB
500Hz-16.0kHz
-12-+12dB
8-40
52-76
28-58
52-76
Control
Parameter
L->R Delay
2
R->L Delay
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Feedback Level
Input Select
High Damp
Display
0.1-355.0ms (variation block)
0.1-355.0ms (insertion block)
0.1-355.0ms (variation block)
0.1-355.0ms (insertion block)
-63-+63
L,R,L&R
0.1-1.0
Value
1-3550
1-3550
1-3550
1-3550
1-127
0-2
1-10
Dry/Wet
D63>W - D=W - D<W63
1-127
EQ Low Frequency
EQ Low Gain
EQ High Frequency
EQ High Gain
50Hz-2.0kHz
-12-+12dB
500Hz-16.0kHz
-12-+12dB
8-40
52-76
28-58
52-76
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Value
0-127
1-127
0-52
34-60
Dry/Wet
D63>W - D=W - D<W63
1-127
See Table
table#7
Control
table#3
table#3
●
Parameter
LFO Frequency
LFO Depth
Feedback Level
Delay Offset
Display
0.00Hz-39.7Hz
0-127
-63-+63
0.0mS-50mS
Value
0-127
0-127
1-127
0-127
See Table
table#1
EQ Low Frequency
EQ Low Gain
EQ High Frequency
EQ High Gain
Dry/Wet
50Hz-2.0kHz
-12-+12dB
500Hz-16.0kHz
-12-+12dB
D63>W - D=W - D<W63
8-40
52-76
28-58
52-76
1-127
table#3
Input Mode
mono/stereo
0-1
Control
table#2
table#3
●
FLANGER1,2,3 (chorus, variation, insertion block)
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Parameter
LFO Frequency
LFO Depth
Feedback Level
Delay Offset
Display
0.00Hz-39.7Hz
0-127
-63-+63
0.0mS-50mS
Value
0-127
0-127
1-127
0-127
See Table
table#1
EQ Low Frequency
EQ Low Gain
EQ High Frequency
EQ High Gain
Dry/Wet
50Hz-2.0kHz
-12-+12dB
500Hz-16.0kHz
-12-+12dB
D63>W - D=W - D<W63
8-40
52-76
28-58
52-76
1-127
table#3
LFO Phase Difference
-180-+180deg (resolution=3deg.)
4-124
Control
table#2
table#3
●
SYMPHONIC (chorus, variation, insertion block)
●
table#3
table#3
CROSS DELAY (variation, insertion block)
No.
1
Display
0.1mS-400.0mS
-63-+63
Thru-8.0kHz
1.0k-Thru
11
12
13
14
15
16
11
12
13
14
15
16
Dry/Wet
Parameter
Delay Time
Feedback Level
HPF Cutoff
LPF Cutoff
CHORUS1,2,3,4, CELESTE1,2,3,4 (chorus, variation, insertion block)
table#3
DELAY L,R (variation, insertion block)
No.
1
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
See Table
Control
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Parameter
LFO Frequency
LFO Depth
Delay Offset
Display
0.00Hz-39.7Hz
0-127
0.0mS-50mS
Value
0-127
0-127
0-127
See Table
table#1
EQ Low Frequency
EQ Low Gain
EQ High Frequency
EQ High Gain
Dry/Wet
50Hz-2.0kHz
-12-+12dB
500Hz-16.0kHz
-12-+12dB
D63>W - D=W - D<W63
8-40
52-76
28-58
52-76
1-127
table#3
Value
14-114
0-127
0-127
See Table
Control
table#2
table#3
●
11
12
13
14
15
16
ENSEMBLE DETUNE (chorus, variation, insertion block)
●
table#3
table#3
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Parameter
Detune
Lch Init Delay
Rch Init Delay
Display
-50-+50cent
0.0mS-50mS
0.0mS-50mS
Dry/Wet
D63>W - D=W - D<W63
1-127
EQ Low Frequency
EQ Low Gain
EQ High Frequency
EQ High Gain
32Hz-2.0kHz (variation, insertion block)
-12-+12dB (variation, insertion block)
500Hz-16.0kHz (variation, insertion block)
-12-+12dB (variation, insertion block)
4-40
52-76
28-58
52-76
Control
table#2
table#2
●
table#3
table#3
146
144
MIDI Data Format
AMBIENCE (variation block)
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
DISTORTION, OVERDRIVE (variation, insertion block)
Parameter
Delay Time
Output Phase
Display
0.0mS-50mS
normal/invers
Value
0-127
0-1
See Table
table#2
EQ Low Frequency
EQ Low Gain
EQ High Frequency
EQ High Gain
Dry/Wet
32Hz-2.0kHz
-12-+12dB
500Hz-16.0kHz
-12-+12dB
D63>W - D=W - D<W63
4-40
52-76
28-58
52-76
1-127
table#3
Control
table#3
●
11
12
13
14
15
16
ROTARY SPEAKER (variation, insertion block)
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Display
0.00Hz-39.7Hz
0-127
Value
0-127
0-127
See Table
table#1
EQ Low Frequency
EQ Low Gain
EQ High Frequency
EQ High Gain
Dry/Wet
50Hz-2.0kHz
-12-+12dB
500Hz-16.0kHz
-12-+12dB
D63>W - D=W - D<W63
8-40
52-76
28-58
52-76
1-127
table#3
Control
●
table#3
11
12
13
14
15
16
Parameter
Rotor Speed
Drive Low
Drive High
Low/High
Display
0.0Hz-39.7Hz
0-127
0-127
L63>H - L=H - L<H63
Value
0-127
0-127
0-127
1-127
See Table
table#1
EQ Low Frequency
EQ Low Gain
EQ High Frequency
EQ High Gain
32Hz-2.0kHz
-12-+12dB
500Hz-16.0kHz
-12-+12dB
4-40
52-76
28-58
52-76
table#3
Crossover Frequency
Mic L-R Angle
100Hz-10.0kHz
0deg-180deg (resolution=3deg.)
14-54
0-60
table#3
Control
●
table#3
Display
0.00Hz-39.7Hz
0-127
0-127
Value
0-127
0-127
0-127
See Table
table#1
EQ Low Frequency
EQ Low Gain
EQ High Frequency
EQ High Gain
50Hz-2.0kHz
-12-+12dB
500Hz-16.0kHz
-12-+12dB
8-40
52-76
28-58
52-76
table#3
LFO Phase Difference
Input Mode
-180-+180deg (resolution=3deg.)
mono/stereo
See Table
500Hz-10.0kHz
-12-+12dB
1.0-12.0
D63>W - D=W - D<W63
28-54
52-76
10-120
1-127
table#3
11
12
13
14
15
16
Edge (Clip Curve)
0-127
0-127
mild-sharp
Parameter
Drive
EQ Low Frequency
EQ Low Gain
LPF Cutoff
Output Level
Display
0-127
32Hz-2.0kHz
-12-+12dB
1.0k-Thru
0-127
Value
0-127
4-40
52-76
34-60
0-127
table#3
EQ Mid Frequency
EQ Mid Gain
EQ Mid Width
Dry/Wet
100Hz-10.0kHz
-12-+12dB
1.0-12.0
D63>W - D=W - D<W63
14-54
52-76
10-120
1-127
table#3
Edge(Clip Curve)
Attack
Release
Threshold
Ratio
0-127
1ms-40ms
10ms-680ms
-48dB—6dB
1.0-20.0
0-127
0-19
0-15
79-121
0-7
mild-sharp
table#8
table#9
See Table
Control
●
table#3
table#3
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
See Table
Control
●
table#3
table#10
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Parameter
Drive
AMP Type
LPF Cutoff
Output Level
Display
0-127
Off,Stack,Combo,Tube
1.0k-Thru
0-127
Value
0-127
0-3
34-60
0-127
Dry/Wet
D63>W - D=W - D<W63
1-127
Edge(Clip Curve)
0-127
0-127
mild-sharp
See Table
Control
●
table#3
3BAND EQ(MONO) (variation, insertion block)
Parameter
LFO Frequency
AM Depth
PM Depth
Control
●
table#3
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
4-124
0-1
Parameter
EQ Low Gain
EQ Mid Frequency
EQ Mid Gain
EQ Mid Width
EQ High Gain
EQ Low Frequency
EQ High Frequency
Display
-12-+12dB
500Hz-10.0kHz
-12-+12dB
1.0-12.0
-12-+12dB
50Hz-2.0kHz
500Hz-16.0kHz
Value
52-76
28-54
52-76
10-120
52-76
8-40
28-58
Input Mode
mono/stereo
0-1
Control
table#3
table#3
table#3
2BAND EQ(STEREO) (variation, insertion block)
Parameter
LFO Frequency
L/R Depth
F/R Depth
PAN Direction
Display
0.00Hz-39.7Hz
0-127
0-127
L<->R,L->R,L<-R,Lturn,Rturn,L/R
Value
0-127
0-127
0-127
0-5
See Table
table#1
EQ Low Frequency
EQ Low Gain
EQ High Frequency
EQ High Gain
50Hz-2.0kHz
-12-+12dB
500Hz-16.0kHz
-12-+12dB
8-40
52-76
28-58
52-76
table#3
Control
●
table#3
11
12
13
14
15
16
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Parameter
EQ Low Frequency
EQ Low Gain
EQ High Frequency
EQ High Gain
Display
50Hz-2.0kHz
-12-+12dB
500Hz-16.0kHz
-12-+12dB
Value
8-40
52-76
28-58
52-76
See Table
table#3
Control
table#3
11
12
13
14
15
16
PHASER 1 (chorus, variation, insertion block)
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
EQ Mid Frequency
EQ Mid Gain
EQ Mid Width
Dry/Wet
11
12
13
14
15
16
AUTO PAN (variation, insertion block)
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Value
0-127
8-40
52-76
34-60
0-127
AMP SIMULATOR (variation, insertion block)
TREMOLO (variation, insertion block)
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Display
0-127
50Hz-2.0kHz
-12-+12dB
1.0k-Thru
0-127
11
12
13
14
15
16
2WAY ROTARY SPEAKER (variation block)
11
12
13
14
15
16
Parameter
Drive
EQ Low Frequency
EQ Low Gain
LPF Cutoff
Output Level
COMP+DIST (variation block)
Parameter
LFO Frequency
LFO Depth
11
12
13
14
15
16
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
AUTO WAH (variation, insertion block)
Parameter
LFO Frequency
LFO Depth
Phase Shift Offset
Feedback Level
Display
0.00Hz-39.7Hz
0-127
0-127
-63-+63
Value
0-127
0-127
0-127
1-127
See Table
table#1
EQ Low Frequency
EQ Low Gain
EQ High Frequency
EQ High Gain
Dry/Wet
50Hz-2.0kHz
-12-+12dB
500Hz-16.0kHz
-12-+12dB
D63>W - D=W - D<W63
8-40
52-76
28-58
52-76
1-127
table#3
11
Stage
12
13
14
15
16
Diffusion
4,5,6 (chorus, insertion block)
6-10 (variation block)
mono/stereo
4-6
6-10
0-1
Parameter
LFO Frequency
LFO Depth
Phase Shift Offset
Feedback Level
Display
0.00Hz-39.7Hz
0-127
0-127
-63-+63
Value
0-127
0-127
0-127
1-127
See Table
table#1
EQ Low Frequency
EQ Low Gain
EQ High Frequency
EQ High Gain
Dry/Wet
50Hz-2.0kHz
-12-+12dB
500Hz-16.0kHz
-12-+12dB
D63>W - D=W - D<W63
8-40
52-76
28-58
52-76
1-127
table#3
Stage
3,4,5
3-5
LFO Phase Difference
-180deg-+180deg (resolution=3deg.)
4-124
Control
table#3
●
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Parameter
LFO Frequency
LFO Depth
Cutoff Frequency Offset
Resonance
Display
0.00Hz-39.7Hz
0-127
0-127
1.0-12.0
Value
0-127
0-127
0-127
10-120
See Table
table#1
EQ Low Frequency
EQ Low Gain
EQ High Frequency
EQ High Gain
Dry/Wet
50Hz-2.0kHz
-12-+12dB
500Hz-16.0kHz
-12-+12dB
D63>W - D=W - D<W63
8-40
52-76
28-58
52-76
1-127
table#3
Drive
0-127 (variation block)
0-127
Control
●
table#3
AUTO WAH+DIST, AUTO WHA+ODRV (variation block)
PHASER 2 (variation block)
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Control
table#3
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Parameter
LFO Frequency
LFO Depth
Cutoff Frequency Offset
Resonance
Display
0.00Hz-39.7Hz
0-127
0-127
1.0-12.0
Value
0-127
0-127
0-127
10-120
See Table
table#1
EQ Low Frequency
EQ Low Gain
EQ High Frequency
EQ High Gain
Dry/Wet
32Hz-2.0kHz
-12-+12dB
500Hz-16.0kHz
-12-+12dB
D63>W - D=W - D<W63
4-40
52-76
28-58
52-76
1-127
table#3
11
12
13
14
15
16
Drive
EQ Low Gain(distortion)
EQ Mid Gain(distortion)
LPF Cutoff
Output Level
0-127
-12-+12dB
-12-+12dB
1.0kHz-thru
0-127
0-127
52-76
52-76
34-60
0-127
Control
●
table#3
●
table#3
145
147
MIDI Data Format
TOUCH WAH 1 (variation, insertion block), TOUCH WAH+DIST (variation block)
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
NO EFFECT (reverb, chorus, variation block), THRU (variation, insertion block)
Parameter
Sensitive
Cutoff Frequency Offset
Resonance
Display
0-127
0-127
1.0-12.0
Value
0-127
0-127
10-120
See Table
EQ Low Frequency
EQ Low Gain
EQ High Frequency
EQ High Gain
Dry/Wet
32Hz-2.0kHz
-12-+12dB
500Hz-16.0kHz
-12-+12dB
D63>W - D=W - D<W63
4-40
52-76
28-58
52-76
1-127
table#3
Drive
0-127 (variation block)
0-127
Control
●
table#3
Parameter
Sensitive
Cutoff Frequency Offset
Resonance
Display
0-127
0-127
1.0-12.0
Value
0-127
0-127
10-120
See Table
EQ Low Frequency
EQ Low Gain
EQ High Frequency
EQ High Gain
Dry/Wet
32Hz-2.0kHz
-12-+12dB
500Hz-16.0kHz
-12-+12dB
D63>W - D=W - D<W63
4-40
52-76
28-58
52-76
1-127
table#3
11
12
13
14
15
16
Drive
EQ Low Gain (distortion)
EQ Mid Gain (distortion)
LPF Cutoff
Output Level
Release
0-127 (variation block)
-12-+12dB (variation block)
-12-+12dB (variation block)
1.0kHz-thru (variation block)
0-127 (variation block)
10-680ms
0-127
52-76
52-76
34-60
0-127
52-67
Control
●
table#3
Value
See Table
Control
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Value
28-58
0-127
0-127
See Table
table#3
Control
Display
a,i,u,e,o
1-62
0-127
0-127
Value
0-4
1-62
0-127
0-127
See Table
Control
Parameter
Sampling Freq Control
Word Length
Output Gain
LPF Cutoff
Filter Type
LPF Resonance
Bit Assign
Emphasis
Display
a,i,u,e,o
1-62
0-127
0-127
Thru,PowerBass,Radio,Tel,Clean,Low
1.0-12.0
0-6
Off/On
Value
0-4
1-62
0-127
0-127
0-5
10-120
0-6
0-1
See Table
Control
Dry/Wet
D63>W - D=W - D<W63
1-127
Input Mode
mono/stereo
Parameter
HPF Cutoff
Drive
Mix Level
Display
500Hz-16kHz
0-127
0-127
11
12
13
14
15
16
table#3
PITCH CHANGE 1 (variation block)
TALKING MODULATION (variation block)
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Parameter
Pitch
Initial Delay
Fine 1
Fine 2
Feedback Level
Display
-24-+24
0.1mS-400.0mS
-50-+50
-50-+50
-63-+63
Value
40-88
0-127
14-114
14-114
1-127
Dry/Wet
D63>W - D=W - D<W63
1-127
11
12
13
14
15
16
Pan 1
Output Level 1
Pan 2
Output Level 2
L63-R63
0-127
L63-R63
0-127
1-127
0-127
1-127
0-127
See Table
Control
table#7
●
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Parameter
Vowel
Move speed
Drive
Output Level
11
12
13
14
15
16
PITCH CHANGE 2 (variation block)
LO-FI (variation block)
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Parameter
Pitch
Initial Delay
Fine 1
Fine 2
Feedback Level
Display
-24-+24
0.1mS-400.0mS
-50-+50cent
-50-+50cent
-63-+63
Value
40-88
0-127
14-114
14-114
1-127
Dry/Wet
D63>W - D=W - D<W63
1-127
11
12
13
14
15
16
Pan 1
Output Level 1
Pan 2
Output Level 2
L63-R63
0-127
L63-R63
0-127
1-127
0-127
1-127
0-127
See Table
Control
table#7
●
Display
1-40ms
10-680ms
-48—6dB
1.0-20.0
0-127
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
COMPRESSOR (variation, insertion block)
●
DIST+DELAT (variation block), OVERDRIVE+DELAT (variation block)
Value
0-19
0-15
79-121
0-7
0-127
See Table
table#8
table#9
Control
table#10
11
12
13
14
15
16
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Parameter
Lch Delay Time
Rch Delay Time
Delay Feedback Time
Delay Feedback Level
Delay Mix
Dist Drive
Dist Output Level
Dist EQ Low Gain
Dist EQ Mid Gain
Dry/Wet
Display
0.1-1486.0ms
0.1-1486.0ms
0.1-1486.0ms
-63-+63
0-127
0-127
0-127
-12-+12dB
-12-+12dB
D63>W - D=W - D<W63
Value
1-14860
1-14860
1-14860
1-127
0-127
0-127
0-127
52-76
52-76
1-127
See Table
Control
●
11
12
13
14
15
16
NOISE GATE (variation, insertion block)
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Display
HARMONIC ENHANCER (variation block)
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Parameter
Attack
Release
Threshold
Ratio
Output Level
Parameter
11
12
13
14
15
16
TOUCH WAH 2 (variation, insertion block), TOUCH WAH+ODRV (variation block)
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Parameter
Attack
Release
Threshold
Output Level
Display
1-40ms
10-680ms
-72—30dB
0-127
COMP+DIST+DELAT (variation block), COMP+OVERDRIVE+DELAT (variation block)
Value
0-19
0-15
55-97
0-127
See Table
table#8
table#9
Control
11
12
13
14
15
16
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
VOICE CANCEL (variation block)
Parameter
Delay Time
Delay Feedback Level
Delay Mix
Dist Drive
Dist Output Level
Dist EQ Low Gain
Dist EQ Mid Gain
Display
0.1-1486.0ms
-63-+63
0-127
0-127
0-127
-12-+12dB
-12-+12dB
Value
1-14860
1-127
0-127
0-127
0-127
52-76
52-76
Dry/Wet
D63>W - D=W - D<W63
1-127
Comp. Attack
Comp. Release
Comp. Threshold
Comp. Ratio
1ms-40ms
10ms-680ms
-48dB—6dB
1.0-20.0
0-19
0-15
79-121
0-7
See Table
Control
●
table#8
table#9
table#10
WAH+DIST+DELAT (variation block), WAH+OVERDRIVE+DELAT (variation block)
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Parameter
Display
Value
11
12
13
14
15
16
Low Adjust
High Adjust
0-26
0-26
0-26
0-26
See Table
Control
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Parameter
Delay Time
Delay Feedback Level
Delay Mix
Dist Drive
Dist Output Level
Dist EQ Low Gain
Dist EQ Mid Gain
Display
0.1-1486.0ms
-63-+63
0-127
0-127
0-127
-12-+12dB
-12-+12dB
Value
1-14860
1-127
0-127
0-127
0-127
52-76
52-76
Dry/Wet
D63>W - D=W - D<W63
1-127
11
12
13
14
15
16
Wah Sensitive
Wah Cutoff Freq Offset
Wah Resonance
Wah Release
0-127
0-127
1.0-12.0
10-680ms
0-127
0-127
10-120
52-67
See Table
Control
●
* “Dry/Wet” is avilable when variation connection = Insertion.
148
146
MIDI Data Format
< Table 1-9 > Effect Data Value Assign Table
Table#1
LFO Frequency
Data Value
0
0.00
1
0.04
2
0.08
3
0.13
4
0.17
5
0.21
6
0.25
7
0.29
8
0.34
9
0.38
10
0.42
11
0.46
12
0.51
13
0.55
14
0.59
15
0.63
16
0.67
17
0.72
18
0.76
19
0.80
20
0.84
21
0.88
22
0.93
23
0.97
24
1.01
25
1.05
26
1.09
27
1.14
28
1.18
29
1.22
30
1.26
31
1.30
Data
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
Table#4
Reverb time
Value
1.35
1.39
1.43
1.47
1.51
1.56
1.60
1.64
1.68
1.72
1.77
1.81
1.85
1.89
1.94
1.98
2.02
2.06
2.10
2.15
2.19
2.23
2.27
2.31
2.36
2.40
2.44
2.48
2.52
2.57
2.61
2.65
Data
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
Value
2.69
2.78
2.86
2.94
3.03
3.11
3.20
3.28
3.37
3.45
3.53
3.62
3.70
3.87
4.04
4.21
4.37
4.54
4.71
4.88
5.05
5.22
5.38
5.55
5.72
6.06
6.39
6.73
7.07
7.40
7.74
8.08
Data
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
Value
8.41
8.75
9.08
9.42
9.76
10.1
10.8
11.4
12.1
12.8
13.5
14.1
14.8
15.5
16.2
16.8
17.5
18.2
19.5
20.9
22.2
23.6
24.9
26.2
27.6
28.9
30.3
31.6
33.0
34.3
37.0
39.7
Data
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
Value
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
6.8
6.9
7.0
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7
7.8
7.9
8.0
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.7
8.8
8.9
9.0
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
9.5
Data
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
Value
9.6
9.7
9.8
9.9
10.0
11.1
12.2
13.3
14.4
15.5
17.1
18.6
20.2
21.8
23.3
24.9
26.5
28.0
29.6
31.2
32.8
34.3
35.9
37.5
39.0
40.6
42.2
43.7
45.3
46.9
48.4
50.0
Table#2
Modulation Delay Offset
Data Value
0
0.0
1
0.1
2
0.2
3
0.3
4
0.4
5
0.5
6
0.6
7
0.7
8
0.8
9
0.9
10
1.0
11
1.1
12
1.2
13
1.3
14
1.4
15
1.5
16
1.6
17
1.7
18
1.8
19
1.9
20
2.0
21
2.1
22
2.2
23
2.3
24
2.4
25
2.5
26
2.6
27
2.7
28
2.8
29
2.9
30
3.0
31
3.1
Data
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
Value
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
4.0
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
5.0
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.9
6.0
6.1
6.2
6.3
Value
THRU(0)
22
25
28
32
36
40
45
50
56
63
70
80
90
100
110
125
140
160
180
200
225
250
280
315
355
400
450
500
560
630
700
Table#7
Delay Time(400.0ms)
Data
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
Value
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
4.0
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0
11.0
12.0
13.0
14.0
15.0
16.0
Data
64
65
66
67
68
69
Value
17.0
18.0
19.0
20.0
25.0
30.0
Data Value
0
0.1
1
3.2
2
6.4
3
9.5
4
12.7
5
15.8
6
19.0
7
22.1
8
25.3
9
28.4
10
31.6
11
34.7
12
37.9
13
41.0
14
44.2
15
47.3
16
50.5
17
53.6
18
56.8
19
59.9
20
63.1
21
66.2
22
69.4
23
72.5
24
75.7
25
78.8
26
82.0
27
85.1
28
88.3
29
91.4
30
94.6
31
97.7
Data
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
Value
50.5
52.0
53.6
55.2
56.8
58.3
59.9
61.5
63.1
64.6
66.2
67.8
69.4
70.9
72.5
74.1
75.7
77.2
78.8
80.4
81.9
83.5
85.1
86.7
88.2
89.8
91.4
93.0
94.5
96.1
97.7
99.3
Data
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
Value
100.8
102.4
104.0
105.6
107.1
108.7
110.3
111.9
113.4
115.0
116.6
118.2
119.7
121.3
122.9
124.4
126.0
127.6
129.2
130.7
132.3
133.9
135.5
137.0
138.6
140.2
141.8
143.3
144.9
146.5
148.1
149.6
Data Value
96 151.2
97 152.8
98 154.4
99 155.9
100 157.5
101 159.1
102 160.6
103 162.2
104 163.8
105 165.4
106 166.9
107 168.5
108 170.1
109 171.7
110 173.2
111 174.8
112 176.4
113 178.0
114 179.5
115 181.1
116 182.7
117 184.3
118 185.8
119 187.4
120 189.0
121 190.6
122 192.1
123 193.7
124 195.3
125 196.9
126 198.4
127 200.0
Data
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
Value
5.1
5.3
5.4
5.6
5.7
5.9
6.1
6.2
6.4
6.5
6.7
6.8
7.0
7.2
7.3
7.5
7.6
7.8
7.9
8.1
8.2
8.4
8.6
8.7
8.9
9.0
9.2
9.3
9.5
9.7
9.8
10.0
Data
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
Value
10.1
10.3
10.4
10.6
10.8
10.9
11.1
11.2
11.4
11.5
11.7
11.9
12.0
12.2
12.3
12.5
12.6
12.8
12.9
13.1
13.3
13.4
13.6
13.7
13.9
14.0
14.2
14.4
14.5
14.7
14.8
15.0
Data
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
Table#5
Delay Time(200.0ms)
Table#3
EQ Frequency
Data
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
Data Value
0
0.3
1
0.4
2
0.5
3
0.6
4
0.7
5
0.8
6
0.9
7
1.0
8
1.1
9
1.2
10
1.3
11
1.4
12
1.5
13
1.6
14
1.7
15
1.8
16
1.9
17
2.0
18
2.1
19
2.2
20
2.3
21
2.4
22
2.5
23
2.6
24
2.7
25
2.8
26
2.9
27
3.0
28
3.1
29
3.2
30
3.3
31
3.4
Data Value
0
0.1
1
1.7
2
3.2
3
4.8
4
6.4
5
8.0
6
9.5
7
11.1
8
12.7
9
14.3
10
15.8
11
17.4
12
19.0
13
20.6
14
22.1
15
23.7
16
25.3
17
26.9
18
28.4
19
30.0
20
31.6
21
33.2
22
34.7
23
36.3
24
37.9
25
39.5
26
41.0
27
42.6
28
44.2
29
45.7
30
47.3
31
48.9
Value
800
900
1.0k
1.1k
1.2k
1.4k
1.6k
1.8k
2.0k
2.2k
2.5k
2.8k
3.2k
3.6k
4.0k
4.5k
5.0k
5.6k
6.3k
7.0k
8.0k
9.0k
10.0k
11.0k
12.0k
14.0k
16.0k
18.0k
THRU(20.0k)
Data Value
0
0.1
1
0.3
2
0.4
3
0.6
4
0.7
5
0.9
6
1.0
7
1.2
8
1.4
9
1.5
10
1.7
11
1.8
12
2.0
13
2.1
14
2.3
15
2.5
16
2.6
17
2.8
18
2.9
19
3.1
20
3.2
21
3.4
22
3.5
23
3.7
24
3.9
25
4.0
26
4.2
27
4.3
28
4.5
29
4.6
30
4.8
31
5.0
Table#11
Reverb Width;Depth;Height
Value
100.9
104.0
107.2
110.3
113.5
116.6
119.8
122.9
126.1
129.2
132.4
135.5
138.6
141.8
144.9
148.1
151.2
154.4
157.5
160.7
163.8
167.0
170.1
173.3
176.4
179.6
182.7
185.9
189.0
192.2
195.3
198.5
Data
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
Value
201.6
204.8
207.9
211.1
214.2
217.4
220.5
223.7
226.8
230.0
233.1
236.3
239.4
242.6
245.7
248.9
252.0
255.2
258.3
261.5
264.6
267.7
270.9
274.0
277.2
280.3
283.5
286.6
289.8
292.9
296.1
299.2
Data Value
96 302.4
97 305.5
98 308.7
99 311.8
100 315.0
101 318.1
102 321.3
103 324.4
104 327.6
105 330.7
106 333.9
107 337.0
108 340.2
109 343.3
110 346.5
111 349.6
112 352.8
113 355.9
114 359.1
115 362.2
116 365.4
117 368.5
118 371.7
119 374.8
120 378.0
121 381.1
122 384.3
123 387.4
124 390.6
125 393.7
126 396.9
127 400.0
Data Value
0
0.5
1
0.8
2
1.0
3
1.3
4
1.5
5
1.8
6
2.0
7
2.3
8
2.6
9
2.8
10
3.1
11
3.3
12
3.6
13
3.9
14
4.1
15
4.4
16
4.6
17
4.9
18
5.2
19
5.4
20
5.7
21
5.9
22
6.2
23
6.5
24
6.7
25
7.0
26
7.2
27
7.5
28
7.8
29
8.0
30
8.3
31
8.6
Data
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
Value
8.8
9.1
9.4
9.6
9.9
10.2
10.4
10.7
11.0
11.2
11.5
11.8
12.1
12.3
12.6
12.9
13.1
13.4
13.7
14.0
14.2
14.5
14.8
15.1
15.4
15.6
15.9
16.2
16.5
16.8
17.1
17.3
Data
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
Value
17.6
17.9
18.2
18.5
18.8
19.1
19.4
19.7
20.0
20.2
20.5
20.8
21.1
21.4
21.7
22.0
22.4
22.7
23.0
23.3
23.6
23.9
24.2
24.5
24.9
25.2
25.5
25.8
26.1
26.5
26.8
27.1
Data
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
Value
27.5
27.8
28.1
28.5
28.8
29.2
29.5
29.9
30.2
Table#8
Compressor Attack Time
Table#6
Room Size
Data
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
Data
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
Value
15.1
15.3
15.5
15.6
15.8
15.9
16.1
16.2
16.4
16.6
16.7
16.9
17.0
17.2
17.3
17.5
17.6
17.8
18.0
18.1
18.3
18.4
18.6
18.7
18.9
19.1
19.2
19.4
19.5
19.7
19.8
20.0
Data Value
0
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
10
12
11
14
12
16
13
18
14
20
15
23
16
26
17
30
18
35
19
40
Table#9
Compressor Release Time
Data Value
0
10
1
15
2
25
3
35
4
45
5
55
6
65
7
75
8
85
9
100
10
115
11
140
12
170
13
230
14
340
15
680
Table#10
Compressor Ratio
Data Value
0
1.0
1
1.5
2
2.0
3
3.0
4
5.0
5
7.0
6 10.0
7 20.0
147
149
MIDI Implementation Chart
[Portable Keyboard]
Model : PSR-540
Function...
Transmitted
Recognized
Basic
Channel
Default
Changed
1 - 16
1 - 16
Mode
Default
Messages
Altered
3
x
**************
3
x
x
: True voice
0 - 127
**************
0 - 127
0 - 127
Velocity
Note ON
Note OFF
o 9nH,v=1-127
x 9nH,v=0
o 9nH,v=1-127
x
After
Touch
Key’s
Ch’s
x
x
x
o
o
o
o
x
o
o
o
x
o
x
x
o
x
x
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o 0 - 127
**************
o 0 - 127
System Exclusive
o
o
: Song Pos.
Common : Song Sel.
: Tune
x
x
x
x
x
x
System : Clock
Real Time : Commands
o
o
o
o
x
x
x
x
o
x
o
o
x
o (123-127)
Note
Number
Pitch Bend
Control
Change
Prog
Change
Aux
Messages
0,32
1,5,11
7,10
6,38
64,66-67
65
72
71,73-74
84
91,93-94
96-97
98-99
100-101
: True #
: All Sound Off
: Reset All Cntrls
: Local ON/OFF
: All Notes OFF
: Active Senseo
: Reset
Mode 1 : OMNI ON, POLY
Mode 3 : OMNI OFF, POLY
Date :3-MAR-1999
Version : 1.0
MIDI Implementation Chart
*1
*1
1 - 16
1 - 16
Remarks
*2
*2
Bank Select
Data Entry
Portamento
Sound Controller
Sound Controller
Portament Cntrl
Effect SendLevel
Data Inc,Dec
NRPN LSB,MSB
RPN LSB,MSB
x
Mode 2 : OMNI ON, MONO
Mode 4 : OMNI OFF, MONO
o : Yes
x : No
150
148
MIDI Implementation Chart
*1 The tracks for each channel can be selected on the panel.
See page 114 for more information.
*2 Incoming MIDI messages control the PSR-540 as 16 channel
multi timbral tone generator when initially shipped (factory set).
The MIDI messages don’t affect the panel controls including the
Panel Voice selection since they are directly sent to the tone
generator of the PSR-540.
However, the following MIDI messages affects the panel controls
such as Panel Voice, Style, Multi Pad and Song settings:
• MIDI MASTER TUNE, MASTER TUNE (XG System Parameter).
• TRANSPOSE (XG System Parameter).
• System Exclusive Messages related to the REVERB, CHORUS
and DSP EFFECT settings.
Also, the MIDI messages affect the panel settings when one of
the folowing MIDI reception modes is selected.
These modes can be selected on the panel (see page 115).
Keyboard : The Note On/Off messages received at the designated Keyboard (receive) channel are processed the
same as the notes normally played on the keyboard.
In this mode, only the following channel messages
will be recognized:
• Note On/Off
• Control Changes
Bank Select (R1 voice only)
Modulation
Volume(R1 voice only)
Data entry
Pan (R1 voice only)
Expression
Sustain
Sostenuto
Soft Pedal
Harmonic Content
Release time
Brightness
Reverb send level (R1 voice only)
Chorus send level (R1 voice only)
Variation send level (R1 voice only)
RPN(Pich bend sensitivity)
All Notes Off
• Program Change (R1 voice only)
• Pitch Bend
Root :
The note on/off messages received at the channel(s)
set to “Root” are recognized as the bass notes in the
accompaniment section.
The bass notes will be detected regardless of the
accompaniment on/off the PSR-540.
However, the following MIDI messages affects and
split point settings on the PSR-540 panel.
Chord :
The note on/off messages received at the channel(s)
set to “Chord” are recognized as the fingerings in the
accompaniment section.
The chords to be detected Param-eter). depend on
the fingering mode on the PSR-540.
The chords will be detected regardless of the accompaniment on/off and split point settings on the
PSR-540 panel.
Off :
The MIDI channel messages will not be received at
the designated channel.
149
151
Index
A
E
AC adaptor ...................................................................... 12
Accompaniment .............................................................. 32
Accompaniment style .....................................................32
Accompaniment track .....................................................37
Accompaniment volume ................................................. 37
ACMP ............................................................................. 33
Auto Accompaniment .....................................................32
Auto Accompaniment on/off ....................................25, 33
Auto Accompaniment section ................................... 33, 34
Auto Fill ..........................................................................34
Easy Navigator ......................................................... 16, 18
Echo ........................................................................51, 133
Edit ................................................. 77, 86, 88, 91, 94, 102
Ending .............................................................................34
ESEQ ............................................................................ 109
EXIT ............................................................................... 17
External ......................................................................... 116
F
BACK ............................................................................. 17
Backup ..........................................................................135
Bank ..........................................................................44, 56
BASS ........................................................................ 37, 96
Bass Hold ......................................................................121
Batteries ..........................................................................12
Beat indicator ..................................................................16
Break ............................................................................. 121
FAST ................................................................... 16, 46, 49
Fingered1 ..................................................................38, 39
Fingered2 ..................................................................38, 40
Fingering ................................................................... 17, 38
Floppy disk .....................................................................58
Footswitch .............................................................. 13, 121
Format .............................................................................60
Freeze .............................................................................55
Full Keyboard ........................................................... 38, 40
Function ..........................................................17, 106, 118
Function tree ...................................................................22
C
G
Chord .................................................................. 16, 33, 38
Chord Fingerings ............................................................38
Chord Match ............................................................. 43, 94
CHORD1 ..................................................................37, 96
CHORD2 ..................................................................37, 96
Chorus ............................................................................. 48
Clear ................................................................. 91, 95, 104
Clock ............................................................................. 116
Control Change ............................................................. 107
Copy ............................................................................... 64
GM (General MIDI) ........................................... 9, 68, 109
B
D
Data dial ..........................................................................20
DC IN 10-12V jack ........................................................12
Default ............................................................................20
Delete ........................................................................ 21, 67
Demo song ...................................................................... 15
Digital effect ...........................................................46, 131
Direct Access ............................................................21, 24
DISK IN USE ................................................................. 58
Disk drive ........................................................................58
Disk mode ....................................................................... 25
Display ............................................................................16
DOC ....................................................................9, 68, 109
Drum Cancel ...................................................................99
Drum Kit ................................................................. 31, 128
DSP ................................................................................. 49
H
Harmony ................................................................... 16, 50
Harmony Volume ............................................................52
Harmony/Echo Type List .............................................. 133
Headphone ...................................................................... 13
HOST SELECT .................................................... 110, 111
I
Initial send .................................................................... 117
Initialization .................................................................. 135
Insertion effect ........................................................50, 131
Internal .......................................................................... 116
Intro ................................................................................34
K
Keyboard ........................................................................29
Keyboard Percussion ...................................................... 31
L
Left ................................................................................. 29
Load ................................................................................62
Local Control ................................................................ 116
Loop recording ............................................................... 97
Lower ............................................................................ 112
152
150
Index
M
R
Main ................................................................................ 34
Master Tuning ............................................................... 119
Master Volume ................................................................ 15
Maximum Polyphony ...................................................123
Measure .............................................................. 16, 71, 84
Menu ......................................................................... 16, 17
Metronome ...................................................................118
MIDI ............................................................................. 106
MIDI Data Format ........................................................ 138
MIDI Implementation Chart ......................................... 150
MIDI terminals ............................................................. 107
Mixer ..................................................................17, 74, 76
Mode ............................................................................... 25
Multi Finger .............................................................. 38, 40
Multi Pad .................................................................. 43, 92
Multi Track Recording ....................................... 78, 79, 82
Music stand ..................................................................... 14
Receive ......................................................................... 115
Record ...........................................................17, 78, 92, 96
Record mode ................................................................... 25
Regist + ......................................................................... 121
Regist - ..........................................................................121
Registration Memory ...................................................... 54
Rehearsal mode .............................................................. 25
Repeat .................................................................45, 69, 72
Return Level ....................................................... 47, 48, 49
Reverb .............................................................................46
RHYTHM MAIN ..................................................... 37, 96
RHYTHM SUB ........................................................ 37, 96
Right ............................................................................... 29
Ritardando ...................................................................... 35
Root .............................................................................. 115
N
Name ............................................... 21, 56, 65, 90, 94, 104
NEXT ............................................................................. 17
Note on/off ....................................................................106
Number buttons .............................................................. 20
O
Octave .........................................................74, 77, 88, 119
One Touch Setting .......................................................... 42
Overddub ........................................................................ 97
P
Packing List ...................................................................... 4
Pan ...................................................................... 74, 77, 88
Panel voice ....................................................................123
Parameter Edit .......................................................... 74, 77
PART ON/OFF ...................................................27, 28, 29
Part Octave ....................................................................119
Pitch Bend ...................................................................... 30
Pitch Bend Range ......................................................... 122
Polarity ......................................................................... 121
Program Change ...........................................................107
Punch In/Out ................................................................... 84
Q
Quantize .................................................................. 86, 102
Quick Recording .................................................78, 79, 80
S
Sample Disk ....................................................................59
Save ................................................................................ 60
Scale Tuning ................................................................. 119
Section ............................................................................34
Send Level ..........................................................47, 48, 49
Setting up ........................................................................ 12
Shift ................................................................................ 21
Single Finger ..................................................................38
SLOW .................................................................16, 46, 49
Soft ............................................................................... 121
Song Copy ...................................................................... 64
Song Menu ...................................................................... 72
Song mode ...................................................................... 25
Song Play mode .............................................................. 69
Song volume ................................................................... 70
Sostenuto ...................................................................... 121
Specification ................................................................. 155
Split Point ......................................................... 29, 40, 119
Standard MIDI .............................................................. 109
STANDBY switch ..........................................................15
Start Measure ..................................................................71
START/STOP .............................25, 32, 69, 81, 83, 93, 99
Style .......................................................................... 32, 96
Style File ............................................................. 9, 57, 109
Style mode ...................................................................... 25
Sustain ....................................................................16, 121
SYNC START .......................................................... 25, 33
SYNC STOP ................................................................... 41
Synchro Start ............................................................25, 33
Synchro Stop ..........................................................41, 121
Synchronized Start standby ............................................25
System effect ..........................................................50, 131
151
153
Index
T
Tap ..........................................................................36, 121
Tempo ............................................................................. 36
Time signature ................................................................80
TO HOST ..................................................................... 107
TOUCH ..................................................................16, 120
Touch Sensitivity ..........................................................120
Track ................................................................... 37, 70, 82
Transmit ........................................................................114
Transpose ............................................................16, 30, 73
Tremolo ..................................................................51, 133
Trill ......................................................................... 51, 133
Troubleshooting ............................................................134
U
Upper ............................................................................112
User Pad ..........................................................................92
User Song ....................................................................... 78
User Style ....................................................................... 96
Utility ....................................................17, 60, 64, 67, 118
V
Velocity .........................................................................106
Voice ............................................................................... 26
Voice Change ...................................................... 17, 74, 75
Voice L ...................................................................... 28, 29
Voice List ......................................................................123
Voice R1 ............................................................. 26, 27, 29
Voice R2 ................................................................... 27, 29
Voice Set ....................................................................... 120
Volume .............................................. 26, 37, 70, 74, 88, 89
W
Write-protect tab ............................................................. 58
X
XG ...................................................................... 9, 68, 109
XG/GM .........................................................................115
154
152
Specifications
Keyboards
• 61 standard-size keys (C1 — C6) with
touch response.
Display
• Large multi-function LCD display
Setup
• STANDBY/ON
• Master Volume : MIN — MAX
Demo
• 5 Songs
Realtime Controls
• Pitch Bend wheel
Control & Number Buttons
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
FUNCTION
SONG
STYLE
VOICE L
VOICE R1
VOICE R2
VOICE CHANGE
MIXER
NEXT/BACK
DIRECT ACCESS
EXIT
Data dial, [1] — [0], [+/YES], [-/NO]
Digital Effects
•
•
•
•
Reverb : 24 types
Chorus : 16 types
DSP (system/insertion) : 74 types
Harmony/Echo : 22 types
Voice
• 215 Panel Voices +12 Drum Kits + 480
XG Voices
• Polyphony : 32
• Voice Set
• R1/R2/L Voices
• Part on/off (R1/R2/L)
• Voice Change : Voice number
• Mixer : Volume
• Parameter Edit : Octave, Pan, Reverb
Depth, Chorus Depth, DSP Depth
Auto Accompaniment
• 106 Styles
• Accompaniment Track : RHYTHM1/2,
BASS, CHORD 1/2, PAD, PHRASE1/2
• Accompaniment Track Settings : ON/OFF
• Accompaniment Control : ACMP ON/OFF,
SYNC START, SYNC STOP, START/
STOP, INTRO, MAIN A/B (AUTO FILL),
ENDING/rit
• Beat Indicator
• Accompaniment Volume
• Voice Change : Voice number
• Mixer : Volume
• Parameter Edit : Pan, Reverb depth,
Chorus depth, DSP depth
• One Touch Setting
• Fingering Mode : Multi Finger/Single
Finger/Fingered 1/Fingered 2/Full
Keyboard
• 6W + 6W (when using PA-6 power
adaptor)
• 4.5W + 4.5W (when using batteries)
Speakers
Registration Memory
• 32 Registration Banks : 1 — 4
• Naming
• Accompaniment Freeze
• 12 cm (4-3/4") x 2
Power Consumption
• 22W (when using PA-6 power adaptor)
Disk Operations
•
•
•
•
Song playback/recording
Load
Save
Utility : Format, Song Copy, Delete File
Song
•
•
•
•
Song Volume
Song Track Settings : ON/OFF
Repeat Play
Song Transpose
Song Recording
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Quick Record, Multi Record
Recording Tracks: 1 — 16
Punch In/Punch Out
Quantize
Naming
Clear
Setup Data : Volume, Octave, Pan,
Reverb depth, Chorus depth, DSP depth
Power Supply
• Adaptor : Yamaha PA-6 AC power adaptor
Rated Voltage DC 10-12V
Rated Current 2A
• Batteries : Six SUM-1, “D” size, R-20 or
equivalent batteries
Dimensions (W x D x H)
• 952 x 387 x 169 (mm)
(37-1/2" x 15-1/4" x 6-5/8")
Weight
• 8.7 Kg (19.2 lbs.) excluding batteries
Supplied Accessories
• Sample Disk
• Music Stand
• Owner’s Manual
Optional Accessories
Overall Controls
• Tempo : 32 — 280
• Transpose
Amplifiers
Multi Pad Recording
•
•
•
•
User Pad Bank : 4 (37 — 40)
Naming
Clear
Chord Match
Style Recording
•
•
•
•
•
•
User Styles : 3 (107 — 109)
Recording Tracks : 6 Sections x 8 tracks
Drum Cancel
Quantize
Naming
Clear
•
•
•
•
Headphones
AC Power Adaptor
Foot Switch
Keyboard Stand
: HPE-150
: PA-6
: FC4, FC5
: L-6, L-7
* Specifications and descriptions in this owner’s
manual are for information purposes only. Yamaha
Corp. reserves the right to change or modify
products or specifications at any time without prior
notice. Since specifications, equipment or options
may not be the same in every locale, please check
with your Yamaha dealer.
MIDI
•
•
•
•
•
•
Transmit settings
Receive settings
Local Control
Clock
Initial Data Send
MIDI template
Other functions
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Metronome
Part Octave
Master Tuning
Scale Tuning
Split Point
Touch Sensitivity
Voice Set
Footswitch function
Pitch Bend Range
Auxiliary Jacks
Multi Pads
•
•
•
•
36 Multi Pad Banks
4 Pads + STOP
Chord Match
Naming
• DC IN 10-12V, PHONES, SUSTAIN, AUX
OUT R, L+R/L, MIDI IN/OUT, TO HOST
153
155
FCC INFORMATION (U.S.A.)
1. IMPORTANT NOTICE: DO NOT MODIFY THIS UNIT!
This product, when installed as indicated in the instructions contained in this manual, meets FCC requirements. Modifications not
expressly approved by Yamaha may void your authority, granted
by the FCC, to use the product.
2. IMPORTANT: When connecting this product to accessories and/
or another product use only high quality shielded cables. Cable/s
supplied with this product MUST be used. Follow all installation
instructions. Failure to follow instructions could void your FCC
authorization to use this product in the USA.
3. NOTE: This product has been tested and found to comply with
the requirements listed in FCC Regulations, Part 15 for Class “B”
digital devices. Compliance with these requirements provides a
reasonable level of assurance that your use of this product in a
residential environment will not result in harmful interference with
other electronic devices. This equipment generates/uses radio
frequencies and, if not installed and used according to the instructions found in the users manual, may cause interference harmful
to the operation of other electronic devices. Compliance with FCC
* This applies only to products distributed by YAMAHA CORPORATION OF AMERICA.
regulations does not guarantee that interference will not occur in
all installations. If this product is found to be the source of interference, which can be determined by turning the unit “OFF” and
“ON”, please try to eliminate the problem by using one of the
following measures:
Relocate either this product or the device that is being affected by
the interference.
Utilize power outlets that are on different branch (circuit breaker
or fuse) circuits or install AC line filter/s.
In the case of radio or TV interference, relocate/reorient the antenna. If the antenna lead-in is 300 ohm ribbon lead, change the
lead-in to co-axial type cable.
If these corrective measures do not produce satisfactory results,
please contact the local retailer authorized to distribute this type
of product. If you can not locate the appropriate retailer, please
contact Yamaha Corporation of America, Electronic Service Division, 6600 Orangethorpe Ave, Buena Park, CA90620
The above statements apply ONLY to those products distributed
by Yamaha Corporation of America or its subsidiaries.
(class B)
Entsorgung leerer Batterien (nur innerhalb Deutschlands)
Leisten Sie einen Beitrag zum Umweltschutz. Verbrauchte Batterien
oder Akkumulatoren dürfen nicht in den Hausmüll. Sie können bei
einer Sammelstelle für Altbatterien bzw. Sondermüll abgegeben
werden. Informieren Sie sich bei Ihrer Kommune.
(battery)
OBSERVERA!
Apparaten kopplas inte ur växelströmskällan (nätet) sá länge som
den ar ansluten till vägguttaget, även om själva apparaten har
stängts av.
ADVARSEL: Netspæendingen til dette apparat er IKKE afbrudt,
sálæenge netledningen siddr i en stikkontakt, som er t endt — ogsá
selvom der or slukket pá apparatets afbryder.
VAROITUS: Laitteen toisiopiiriin kytketty käyttökytkin ei irroita
koko laitetta verkosta.
(standby)
154
Limited Warranty
90 DAYS LABOR
1 YEAR PARTS
Yamaha Corporation of America, hereafter referred to as Yamaha, warrants to the original consumer of a product included in the categories listed below,
that the product will be free of defects in materials and/or workmanship for the periods indicated. This warranty is applicable to all models included in
the following series of products:
PSR SERIES OF PORTATONE ELECTRONIC KEYBOARDS
If during the first 90 days that immediately follows the purchase date, your new Yamaha product covered by this warranty is found to have a defect in
material and/or workmanship, Yamaha and/or its authorized representative will repair such defect without charge for parts or labor.
If parts should be required after this 90 day period but within the one year period that immediately follows the purchase date, Yamaha will, subject to
the terms of this warranty, supply these parts without charge. However, charges for labor, and/or any miscellaneous expenses incurred are the consumers
responsibility. Yamaha reserves the right to utilize reconditioned parts in repairing these products and/or to use reconditioned units as warranty
replacements.
THIS WARRANTY IS THE ONLY EXPRESS WARRANTY WHICH YAMAHA MAKES IN CONNECTION WITH THESE PRODUCTS.
ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY APPLICABLE TO THE PRODUCT, INCLUDING THE WARRANTY OF MERCHANT ABILITY IS
LIMITED TO THE DURATION OF THE EXPRESS WARRANTY. YAMAHA EXCLUDES AND SHALL NOT BE LIABLE IN ANY
EVENT FOR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES.
Some states do not allow limitations that relate to implied warranties and/or the exclusion of incidental or consequential damages. Therefore, these
limitations and exclusions may not apply to you.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights. You may also have other rights which vary from state to state.
CONSUMERS RESPONSIBILITIES
If warranty service should be required, it is necessary that the consumer assume certain responsibilities:
1. Contact the Customer Service Department of the retailer selling the product, or any retail outlet authorized by Yamaha to sell the product for assistance.
You may also contact Yamaha directly at the address provided below.
2. Deliver the unit to be serviced under warranty to: the retailer selling the product, an authorized service center, or to Yamaha with an explanation of
the problem. Please be prepared to provide proof purchase date (sales receipt, credit card copy, etc.) when requesting service and/or parts under
warranty.
3. Shipping and/or insurance costs are the consumers responsibility.* Units shipped for service should be packed securely.
*Repaired units will be returned PREPAID if warranty service is required within the first 90 days.
IMPORTANT: Do NOT ship anything to ANY location without prior authorization. A Return Authorization (RA) will be issued that has a
tracking number assigned that will expedite the servicing of your unit and provide a tracking system if needed.
4. Your owners manual contains important safety and operating instructions. It is your responsibility to be aware of the contents of this manual and to
follow all safety precautions.
EXCLUSIONS
This warranty does not apply to units whose trade name, trademark, and/or ID numbers have been altered, defaced, exchanged removed, or to failures
and/or damages that may occur as a result of:
1. Neglect, abuse, abnormal strain, modification or exposure to extremes in temperature or humidity.
2. Improper repair or maintenance by any person who is not a service representative of a retail outlet authorized by Yamaha to sell the product, an
authorized service center, or an authorized service representative of Yamaha.
3. This warranty is applicable only to units sold by retailers authorized by Yamaha to sell these products in the U.S.A., the District of Columbia, and
Puerto Rico. This warranty is not applicable in other possessions or territories of the U.S.A. or in any other country.
Please record the model and serial number of the product you have purchased in the spaces provided below.
Model___________________________
Serial #________________________________
Sales Slip #________________________________
Purchased from____________________________________________________________
(Retailer)
Date______________________________________
YAMAHA CORPORATION OF AMERICA
Electronic Service Division
6600 Orangethorpe Avenue
Buena Park, CA 90620
155
KEEP THIS DOCUMENT FOR YOUR RECORDS. DO NOT MAIL!
156
For details of products, please contact your nearest Yamaha or the
authorized distributor listed below.
Pour plus de détails sur les produits, veuillez-vous adresser à Yamaha
ou au distributeur le plus proche de vous figurant dans la liste suivante.
NORTH AMERICA
CANADA
Yamaha Canada Music Ltd.
135 Milner Avenue, Scarborough, Ontario,
M1S 3R1, Canada
Tel: 416-298-1311
U.S.A.
Yamaha Corporation of America
6600 Orangethorpe Ave., Buena Park, Calif. 90620,
U.S.A.
Tel: 714-522-9011
CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA
MEXICO
Yamaha de Mexico S.A. De C.V.,
Departamento de ventas
Javier Rojo Gomez No.1149, Col. Gpe Del
Moral, Deleg. Iztapalapa, 09300 Mexico, D.F.
Tel: 686-00-33
BRAZIL
Yamaha Musical do Brasil LTDA.
Av. Rebouças 2636, São Paulo, Brasil
Tel: 011-853-1377
Die Einzelheiten zu Produkten sind bei Ihrer unten aufgeführten Niederlassung und bei Yamaha Vertragshändlern in den jeweiligen
Bestimmungsländern erhältlich.
Para detalles sobre productos, contacte su tienda Yamaha más cercana
o el distribuidor autorizado que se lista debajo.
ITALY
ASIA
Yamaha Musica Italia S.P.A.,
Home Keyboard Division
Viale Italia 88, 20020 Lainate (Milano), Italy
Tel: 02-935-771
SPAIN/PORTUGAL
Yamaha-Hazen Electronica Musical, S.A.
Jorge Juan 30, 28001, Madrid, Spain
Tel: 91-577-7270
GREECE
Philippe Nakas S.A.
Navarinou Street 13, P.Code 10680, Athens, Greece
Tel: 01-364-7111
SWEDEN
Yamaha Music Argentina S.A.
Viamonte 1145 Piso2-B 1053,
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Tel: 1-371-7021
PANAMA AND OTHER LATIN
AMERICAN COUNTRIES/
CARIBBEAN COUNTRIES
Yamaha de Panama S.A.
Torre Banco General, Piso 7, Urbanización Marbella,
Calle 47 y Aquilino de la Guardia,
Ciudad de Panamá, Panamá
Tel: 507-269-5311
EUROPE
THE UNITED KINGDOM
Yamaha-Kemble Music (U.K.) Ltd.
Sherbourne Drive, Tilbrook, Milton Keynes,
MK7 8BL, England
Tel: 01908-366700
GERMANY/SWITZERLAND
Yamaha Europa GmbH.
Siemensstraße 22-34, 25462 Rellingen,
F.R. of Germany
Tel: 04101-3030
AUSTRIA
Yamaha Music Austria
Schleiergasse 20, A-1100 Wien Austria
Tel: 01-60203900
THE NETHERLANDS
Yamaha Music Nederland
Kanaalweg 18G, 3526KL, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Tel: 030-2828411
BELGIUM
Yamaha Music Belgium
Keiberg Imperiastraat 8, 1930 Zaventem, Belgium
Tel: 02-7258220
FRANCE
Yamaha Musique France,
Division Claviers
BP 70-77312 Marne-la-Vallée Cedex 2, France
Tel: 01-64-61-4000
INDONESIA
PT. Yamaha Music Indonesia (Distributor)
PT. Nusantik
Gedung Yamaha Music Center, Jalan Jend. Gatot
Subroto Kav. 4, Jakarta 12930, Indonesia
Tel: 21-520-2577
KOREA
MALAYSIA
Yamaha Music Malaysia, Sdn., Bhd.
Lot 8, Jalan Perbandaran, 47301 Kelana Jaya,
Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia
Tel: 3-703-0900
DENMARK
YS Copenhagen Liaison Office
Generatorvej 8B
DK-2730 Herlev, Denmark
Tel: 44 92 49 00
PHILIPPINES
Yupangco Music Corporation
339 Gil J. Puyat Avenue, P.O. Box 885 MCPO,
Makati, Metro Manila, Philippines
Tel: 819-7551
F-Musiikki Oy
Kluuvikatu 6, P.O. Box 260,
SF-00101 Helsinki, Finland
Tel: 09 618511
SINGAPORE
NORWAY
Norsk filial av Yamaha Scandinavia AB
Grini Næringspark 1
N-1345 Østerås, Norway
Tel: 67 16 77 70
ICELAND
Skifan HF
Skeifan 17 P.O. Box 8120
IS-128 Reykjavik, Iceland
Tel: 525 5000
Yamaha Music Asia Pte., Ltd.
11 Ubi Road #06-00, Meiban Industrial Building,
Singapore
Tel: 65-747-4374
TAIWAN
Yamaha KHS Music Co., Ltd.
10F, 150, Tun-Hwa Northroad,
Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Tel: 02-2713-8999
THAILAND
OTHER EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
Yamaha Europa GmbH.
Siemensstraße 22-34, 25462 Rellingen, F.R. of
Germany
Tel: 04101-3030
IRELAND
Danfay Ltd.
61D, Sallynoggin Road, Dun Laoghaire, Co. Dublin
Tel: 01-2859177
Tom Lee Music Co., Ltd.
11/F., Silvercord Tower 1, 30 Canton Road,
Tsimshatsui, Kowloon, Hong Kong
Tel: 2737-7688
Cosmos Corporation
1461-9, Seocho Dong, Seocho Gu, Seoul, Korea
Tel: 02-3486-0011
Yamaha Scandinavia AB
J. A. Wettergrens Gata 1
Box 30053
S-400 43 Göteborg, Sweden
Tel: 031 89 34 00
FINLAND
ARGENTINA
HONG KONG
AFRICA
Yamaha Corporation,
International Marketing Division
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430-8650
Tel: 053-460-2312
Siam Music Yamaha Co., Ltd.
121/60-61 RS Tower 17th Floor,
Ratchadaphisek RD., Dindaeng,
Bangkok 10320, Thailand
Tel: 02-641-2951
THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
AND OTHER ASIAN COUNTRIES
Yamaha Corporation,
International Marketing Division
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430-8650
Tel: 053-460-2317
OCEANIA
MIDDLE EAST
TURKEY/CYPRUS
Yamaha Europa GmbH.
Siemensstraße 22-34, 25462 Rellingen,
F.R. of Germany
Tel: 04101-3030
OTHER COUNTRIES
Yamaha Music Gulf FZE
LB21-128 Jebel Ali Freezone
P.O.Box 17328, Dubai, U.A.E.
Tel: 971-4-81-5868
AUSTRALIA
Yamaha Music Australia Pty. Ltd.
17-33 Market Street, South Melbourne, Vic. 3205,
Australia
Tel: 3-699-2388
NEW ZEALAND
Music Houses of N.Z. Ltd.
146/148 Captain Springs Road, Te Papapa,
Auckland, New Zealand
Tel: 9-634-0099
COUNTRIES AND TRUST
TERRITORIES IN PACIFIC OCEAN
Yamaha Corporation,
International Marketing Group
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430-8650
Tel: 053-460-2312
HEAD OFFICE Yamaha Corporation, Electronic Musical Instrument Division
157
[PK] 17
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430-8650
Tel: 053-460-3273
M.D.G., EMI Division, Yamaha Corporation
© 1999 Yamaha Corporation
??????? ???POTY???.?-01A0 Printed in China