Siemens HydroRanger 200 Instruction manual

Instruction Manual
October 2002
HYDRORANGER 200
HYDRORANGER 200
Safety Guidelines
Warning notices must be observed to ensure personal safety as well as that of others, and to
protect the product and the connected equipment. These warning notices are accompanied
by a clarification of the level of caution to be observed.
Qualified Personnel
This device/system may only be set up and operated in conjunction with this manual.
Qualified personnel are only authorized to install and operate this equipment in accordance
with established safety practices and standards.
Warning: This product can only function properly and safely if it is correctly transported,
stored, installed, set up, operated, and maintained.
Note: Always use product in accordance with specifications.
Copyright Siemens Milltronics Process
Instruments Inc. 2002. All Rights Reserved
Disclaimer of Liability
This document is available in bound version and in
electronic version. We encourage users to
purchase authorized bound manuals, or to view
electronic versions as designed and authored by
Siemens Milltronics Process Instruments Inc.
Siemens Milltronics Process Instruments Inc. will
not be responsible for the contents of partial or
whole reproductions of either bound or electronic
versions.
While we have verified the contents of
this manual for agreement with the
instrumentation described, variations
remain possible. Thus we cannot
guarantee full agreement. The
contents of this manual are regularly
reviewed and corrections are included
in subsequent editions. We welcome
all suggestions for improvement.
Technical data subject to change.
MILLTRONICS®is a registered trademark of Siemens Milltronics Process Instruments Inc.
Contact SMPI Technical Publications at the following address:
Technical Publications
Siemens Milltronics Process Instruments Inc.
1954 Technology Drive, P.O. Box 4225
Peterborough, Ontario, Canada, K9J 7B1
Email: techpubs@milltronics.com
For the library of SMPI instruction manuals, visit our Web site: www.milltronics.com
© Siemens Milltronics Process Instruments Inc. 2002
Table of Contents
Specifications ...............................................................................................................................................3
Installation ......................................................................................................................................................7
Mounting ...................................................................................................................................................7
Mounting Locations ......................................................................................................................7
Mounting Instructions ..................................................................................................................8
HydroRanger 200 Board ..............................................................................................................9
Installing the Battery ..................................................................................................................10
Installing SmartLinx Card ..........................................................................................................10
Optional Equipment .....................................................................................................................10
Wiring ..............................................................................................................................................................11
Terminal Board .......................................................................................................................................12
Cables .......................................................................................................................................................12
Transducers ............................................................................................................................................13
Relays .......................................................................................................................................................13
Temperature Sensor .............................................................................................................................14
mA Input ..................................................................................................................................................14
mA Output ...............................................................................................................................................14
Level System Synchronization ...........................................................................................................15
Power .......................................................................................................................................................15
Digital Communications .......................................................................................................................16
RS-232 Serial Connection ..........................................................................................................16
RS-485 Serial Connection ..........................................................................................................16
Operating the HydroRanger 200 ........................................................................................................17
RUN Mode ..............................................................................................................................................17
Readings in RUN Mode .......................................................................................................................18
Status Parameters ................................................................................................................................19
Controlling the Display .........................................................................................................................19
Auxiliary Reading ........................................................................................................................20
Multiple Readings .......................................................................................................................21
PROGRAM Mode ..................................................................................................................................21
Starting PROGRAM Mode ..................................................................................................................22
Hand Programmer .......................................................................................................................22
Programmer Keys ........................................................................................................................23
Dolphin Plus ............................................................................................................................................24
Dolphin Plus Toolbar Buttons ...................................................................................................25
Activating the HydroRanger 200 ........................................................................................................26
Changing Parameters .................................................................................................................26
Security ....................................................................................................................................................26
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The Manual ...............................................................................................................................................1
Manual Symbols ............................................................................................................................2
Configuration Examples ...............................................................................................................2
Table of Contents
HydroRanger 200 ..........................................................................................................................................1
Table of Contents
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Using Units or Percent (%) ..................................................................................................................27
Parameters Types ..................................................................................................................................27
Parameter Reset ....................................................................................................................................28
Display Readout .....................................................................................................................................28
Changing Parameters (Dolphin Plus) .....................................................................................29
Parameter Indexing ....................................................................................................................29
Primary and Secondary Indexes .......................................................................................................31
Starting Measurement ........................................................................................................................32
Startup ...........................................................................................................................................32
Measurement Conditions ..........................................................................................................33
Relays ...............................................................................................................................................................34
General Introduction ...................................................................................................................34
Relay Function ..............................................................................................................................34
Relay States ..................................................................................................................................36
Relay Related Parameters ........................................................................................................36
Relay Activation ...........................................................................................................................37
Relay Failsafe ...............................................................................................................................38
Preset Applications ...............................................................................................................................38
Backup Level Override ...........................................................................................................................40
Backup Level Override Parameters ..................................................................................................40
Discrete Inputs ...........................................................................................................................................41
Wiring the Discrete Inputs ..................................................................................................................41
Programming the Discrete Input Logic ............................................................................................41
mA I/O ..............................................................................................................................................................42
mA Input .................................................................................................................................................42
mA Output ...............................................................................................................................................42
Volume .............................................................................................................................................................44
Readings ..................................................................................................................................................44
Tank Shape and Dimensions ..............................................................................................................44
Characterization Chart .........................................................................................................................45
Example Chart ..............................................................................................................................45
Alarms .............................................................................................................................................................47
Level ..........................................................................................................................................................47
Setting Simple Level Alarms .....................................................................................................48
Rate ...........................................................................................................................................................48
In Bounds / Out of Bounds Range .....................................................................................................49
Cable Fault ..............................................................................................................................................49
Temperature ............................................................................................................................................49
Loss of Echo (LOE) .................................................................................................................................50
Pump Control ...............................................................................................................................................51
Setting a Pump Down Group ..............................................................................................................51
Setting a Pump Up (Reservoir) Group ..............................................................................................52
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Setting a Rake Control .........................................................................................................................62
Setting the Common Parameters ............................................................................................63
Set Relay 1 (Operate Rake) .......................................................................................................63
Set Relays 2 to 4 (Level Alarms) ..............................................................................................63
External Totalizers and Flow Samplers ........................................................................................64
Relay Contacts .......................................................................................................................................64
Totalizer ....................................................................................................................................................64
Flow Sampler ..........................................................................................................................................65
Based on Volume and Time ......................................................................................................65
Open Channel Monitoring (OCM) .....................................................................................................66
Common Parameters ............................................................................................................................66
Setting Zero Head .......................................................................................................................67
Setting Totalized Volume .....................................................................................................................68
Applications Supported by HydroRanger 200 ................................................................................68
PMDs with Exponential Flow to Head Function ............................................................................72
Applicable Weir Profiles ............................................................................................................72
Non-Applicable Weir Profiles ..................................................................................................73
Parshall Flume ..............................................................................................................................73
Leopold Lagco Flume ..................................................................................................................74
Cut Throat Flume .........................................................................................................................75
Universal Calculation Support ...........................................................................................................76
Typical Flow Characterization ..................................................................................................76
Example Flumes ...........................................................................................................................77
Example Weirs .............................................................................................................................77
Testing the Configuration ......................................................................................................................79
Simulation ...............................................................................................................................................79
Simulating a Single Measurement ...................................................................................................79
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Rake (Screen) Control .............................................................................................................................62
Table of Contents
Other Pump Control Algorithms .........................................................................................................54
Set Relays to ALTERNATE DUTY BACKUP ............................................................................54
Set Relays to FIXED DUTY ASSIST ........................................................................................54
Set Relays to FIXED DUTY BACKUP ......................................................................................55
Set Relays to ALTERNATE DUTY SERVICE ............................................................................55
Set Relays to FIRST IN FIRST OUT (FIFO) ASSIST ...............................................................56
Optional Pump Controls .......................................................................................................................56
Starting Pumps by Rate of Level Change ..............................................................................56
Rotating Pumps by Service Ratio ............................................................................................57
Totalizing Pumped Volume ........................................................................................................58
Setting Independent Failsafe Controls ...................................................................................58
Setting a Pump to Run On .........................................................................................................59
Setting the Pump Start Delays .................................................................................................59
Reducing Wall Cling ....................................................................................................................59
Grouping Pumps ..........................................................................................................................60
Setting a Flush Valve .................................................................................................................60
Relay Controlled by Communications ....................................................................................61
Tracking Pump Usage ..........................................................................................................................61
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Simulating a Level Cycle ......................................................................................................................79
Checking Volume Characterization ..................................................................................................80
Checking OCM Flow Characterization .............................................................................................80
I/O Checkout ...........................................................................................................................................81
Application Test .....................................................................................................................................81
HydroRanger 200 Communications .................................................................................................83
HydroRanger 200 Communication Systems ...................................................................................83
Optional SmartLinx®Cards ................................................................................................................83
Communication Systems .....................................................................................................................84
Communication Ports ...........................................................................................................................84
Modbus ..........................................................................................................................................84
SmartLinx ................................................................................................................................................85
Dolphin Plus ............................................................................................................................................85
Communications Installation .............................................................................................................86
Wiring Guidelines ..................................................................................................................................86
Ports 1 and 2 ...........................................................................................................................................86
Ports 1 and 2: RS-232 RJ-11 Jack and RS-485 Locations ..................................................86
Port 1: RS-232 RJ-11 Jack ..........................................................................................................87
Port 2: RS-485 ..............................................................................................................................87
Configuring Communication Ports (Parameters) ...........................................................................88
Modbus Register Map ............................................................................................................................91
Word Order (R40,062) ..........................................................................................................................92
Map ID (R40,063) ....................................................................................................................................92
Product ID (R40,064) ..............................................................................................................................93
Point Data (R41,010 – R41,031) ............................................................................................................93
Input/Output (R41,070 – R41,143) .........................................................................................................93
Discrete Inputs (R41,070) ..........................................................................................................94
Relay Outputs (R41,080) ..............................................................................................................94
mA Input (R41,090) .......................................................................................................................94
mA Output (R41,110-41,111) ........................................................................................................94
Pump Control (R41,400 – R41,474) ............................................................................................94
Pump ON Setpoint (R41,420 – R41,425) ...................................................................................94
Pump OFF Setpoint (R41,430 – R41,435) .................................................................................95
Pumped Volume (R41,440 – R41,443) .......................................................................................95
Pump Hours (R41,450 – R41,461) .............................................................................................95
Pump Starts (R41,470 – R41,475) ..............................................................................................95
Parameter Access (R43,998 – R46,999) ..................................................................................95
Parameter Indexing ....................................................................................................................96
Reading Parameters ...................................................................................................................96
Writing Parameters .....................................................................................................................98
Format Words (R46,000 to R46,999) ..................................................................................................98
Global Index Method (P782 = 0) ...............................................................................................99
Parameter-Specific Index Method (P782 = 1) .......................................................................99
Format Registers .........................................................................................................................99
Data Types ...................................................................................................................................................101
Numeric Values ...................................................................................................................................101
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Modbus Responses ........................................................................................................................... 105
Error Handling ..................................................................................................................................... 105
Communication Troubleshooting .................................................................................................. 107
Generally .............................................................................................................................................. 107
Specifically ........................................................................................................................................... 107
Communication Appendix A: Single Parameter Access (SPA) .................................... 108
Reading Parameters .......................................................................................................................... 108
Writing Parameters ............................................................................................................................ 109
Format Register .................................................................................................................................. 109
Error Codes ...........................................................................................................................................110
Parameter Reference ............................................................................................................................111
Helpful Hints ...............................................................................................................................111
P000 Lock ................................................................................................................................. 113
Quick Start (P001 to P007) .................................................................................................................113
P001 Operation........................................................................................................................ 113
P002 Material .......................................................................................................................... 114
P003 Maximum Process Speed.......................................................................................... 114
P004 Transducer..................................................................................................................... 115
P005 Units................................................................................................................................. 115
P006 Empty............................................................................................................................... 116
P007 Span................................................................................................................................. 116
Volume (P050 to P055) .......................................................................................................................117
P050 Tank Shape.................................................................................................................... 117
P051 Maximum Volume ........................................................................................................ 119
P052 Tank Dimension A ........................................................................................................ 119
P053 Tank Dimension L......................................................................................................... 119
P054 Level Breakpoints (Universal Volume Calculation).............................................. 120
P055 Volume Breakpoints and Characterization (Universal Volume Calculation) . 120
Display and Reading (P060 to P062) ..............................................................................................121
P060 Decimal Position........................................................................................................... 121
P061 Convert Reading ........................................................................................................... 121
P062 Offset Reading .............................................................................................................. 122
Backup Level Override .......................................................................................................................122
P064 Reading Override Enable............................................................................................ 122
P065 Reading Override Value.............................................................................................. 123
P066 Override Time Delay.................................................................................................... 123
Failsafe (P070 to P072) ......................................................................................................................124
P070 Failsafe Timer................................................................................................................ 124
P071 Failsafe Material Level................................................................................................ 124
P072 Failsafe Level Advance............................................................................................... 125
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Error Handling .......................................................................................................................................... 105
Table of Contents
Bit Values ...............................................................................................................................................101
Unsigned Double Precision Integer (UINT32) .............................................................................101
Split Values .......................................................................................................................................... 102
Text Messages .................................................................................................................................... 103
Relay Function Codes (P111 Only) ................................................................................................. 104
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Relays (P100 to P119) .........................................................................................................................126
P100 Preset Applications...................................................................................................... 126
P110 Level Source.................................................................................................................. 127
P111 Relay Control Function................................................................................................ 127
P112 Relay ON Setpoint........................................................................................................ 128
P113 Relay OFF Setpoint....................................................................................................... 129
P115 Relay Interval Setpoint................................................................................................ 129
P116 Dead Band ..................................................................................................................... 129
P118 Relay Output Logic....................................................................................................... 130
P119 Relay Logic Test ........................................................................................................... 131
Pump Setpoint Modifiers (P121 and P122) ...................................................................................131
P121 Pump by Rate ................................................................................................................ 131
P122 Pump Service Ratio ..................................................................................................... 132
Independent Relay Failsafe (P129) .................................................................................................132
P129 Relay Failsafe ................................................................................................................ 132
Advanced Pump Control Modifiers (P130 to P137) .....................................................................133
P130 Pump Run-On Interval................................................................................................. 133
P131 Pump Run-On Duration............................................................................................... 134
P132 Pump Start Delay ......................................................................................................... 134
P133 Pump Power Resumption Delay............................................................................... 135
P136 Wall Cling Reduction ................................................................................................... 135
P137 Pump Group................................................................................................................... 136
Flush Systems (P170 to P173) ...........................................................................................................136
P170 Flush Pump .................................................................................................................... 137
P171 Flush Cycles................................................................................................................... 137
P172 Flush Interval................................................................................................................. 137
P173 Flush Duration............................................................................................................... 138
mA Output (P200 to P219) ..................................................................................................................138
P200 mA Output Range ......................................................................................................... 138
P201 mA Output Function..................................................................................................... 139
P202 mA Output Allocation .................................................................................................. 139
P203 mA Output Value / Transducer ................................................................................. 140
Independent mA Setpoints (P210 and P211) .................................................................................140
P210 0/4 mA Output Setpoint............................................................................................... 141
P211 20 mA Output Setpoint ................................................................................................ 141
mA Output Limits (P212 and P213) ...................................................................................................141
P212 mA Output Min Limit.................................................................................................... 141
P213 mA Output Max Limit................................................................................................... 142
mA Output Trim (P214 to P215) .........................................................................................................142
P214 4 mA Output Trim.......................................................................................................... 142
P215 20 mA Output Trim ....................................................................................................... 142
mA Output Failsafe (P219) .................................................................................................................143
P219 mA Output Failsafe ...................................................................................................... 143
mA Input (P250 to P260) .....................................................................................................................143
P250 mA Input Range ............................................................................................................ 143
P251 0 or 4 mA Input Level................................................................................................... 144
P252 20 mA Input Level......................................................................................................... 144
P253 Input Filter Time Constant .......................................................................................... 144
P254 Scaled mA Input Value ............................................................................................... 145
P260 mA Raw Input................................................................................................................ 145
Discrete Input Functions (P270 to P275) .......................................................................................145
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vii
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P270 Discrete Input Function............................................................................................... 145
P275 Scaled Discrete Input Value...................................................................................... 146
Standard Data Logging (P300 to P321) .........................................................................................146
Record Temperatures (P300 to P303) ............................................................................... 146
P300 Temperature, Transducer Maximum ...................................................................... 147
P301 Temperature, Transducer Minimum ....................................................................... 147
P302 Temperature, Sensor Maximum............................................................................... 147
P303 Temperature, Sensor Minimum................................................................................ 148
Record Readings (P304 and P305) .................................................................................................148
P304 Reading Max ................................................................................................................. 148
P305 Reading Min .................................................................................................................. 148
Pump Records (P310 to P312) ...........................................................................................................149
P309 Pump RUN Time ........................................................................................................... 149
P310 Pump Hours ................................................................................................................... 149
P311 Pump Starts ................................................................................................................... 149
P312 Pump Run Ons .............................................................................................................. 150
Flow Records (P320 and P321) ........................................................................................................150
P320 Flow Max........................................................................................................................ 150
P321 Flow Min......................................................................................................................... 150
LCD Totalizer (P322 and P323) .........................................................................................................151
P322 LCD Total Low ............................................................................................................... 151
P323 LCD Total High .............................................................................................................. 151
Profile Records (P330 to P337) ........................................................................................................152
P330 Profile Record ............................................................................................................... 152
P331 Auto Record Enable..................................................................................................... 153
P332 Auto Record Transducer ............................................................................................ 154
P333 Auto Record Interval ................................................................................................... 154
Auto Record ON and OFF Setpoints (P334 to P337) ....................................................................154
P334 Auto Record ON Setpoint........................................................................................... 155
P335 Auto Record OFF Setpoint.......................................................................................... 155
P336 Auto Record Filling / Emptying .................................................................................. 155
P337 Auto Record LOE Time................................................................................................ 156
Installation Records (P340 to P342) ...............................................................................................156
P340 Date of Manufacture................................................................................................... 156
P341 RUN Time ....................................................................................................................... 156
P342 Start Ups......................................................................................................................... 157
Open Channel Monitoring (P600 to P621) .....................................................................................157
P600 Primary Measuring Device........................................................................................ 157
P601 Flow Exponent............................................................................................................... 158
P602 Primary Measuring Device Dimensions................................................................. 159
P603 Maximum Head ............................................................................................................ 160
P604 Maximum Flow ............................................................................................................. 160
P605 Zero Head....................................................................................................................... 161
P606 Time Units ...................................................................................................................... 161
P607 Flowrate Decimal ......................................................................................................... 162
P608 Flowrate Units............................................................................................................... 162
P610 Head Breakpoints ........................................................................................................ 163
P611 Breakpoint Flowrates.................................................................................................. 163
P620 Low Flow Cutoff............................................................................................................ 164
P621 Auto Zero Head ............................................................................................................ 164
Pumped Volume Totalizer (P622) ....................................................................................................165
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P622 Inflow / Discharge Adjust........................................................................................... 165
Totalizer (P630 to P645) ......................................................................................................................166
P630 LCD Totalized Multiplier.............................................................................................. 166
P633 LCD Totalized Decimal Position................................................................................ 167
P640 Remote Totalized Multiplier....................................................................................... 167
P641 Flow Sampler Mantissa.............................................................................................. 168
P642 Flow Sampler Exponent.............................................................................................. 168
P645 Relay Duration .............................................................................................................. 169
Range Calibration (P650 to P654) ....................................................................................................169
P650 Offset Calibration.......................................................................................................... 169
P651 Sound Velocity Calibration......................................................................................... 170
P652 Offset Correction .......................................................................................................... 171
P653 Velocity ........................................................................................................................... 171
P654 Velocity at 20°C............................................................................................................. 171
Temperature Compensation (P660 to P664) ..................................................................................172
P660 Temp Source ................................................................................................................. 172
P661 Temp Fixed..................................................................................................................... 172
P663 Temperature Transducer Allocation ....................................................................... 173
P664 Temperature.................................................................................................................. 173
Rate (P700 to P708) ............................................................................................................................174
P700 Max Fill Rate.................................................................................................................. 174
P701 Max Empty Rate ........................................................................................................... 174
P702 Filling Indicator.............................................................................................................. 175
P703 Emptying Indicator ....................................................................................................... 175
P704 Rate Filter ....................................................................................................................... 175
P705 Rate Update Time......................................................................................................... 176
P706 Rate Update Distance ................................................................................................. 176
P707 Rate Value...................................................................................................................... 176
P708 Volume Rate Display ................................................................................................... 177
Measurement Verification (P710 to P713) ....................................................................................177
P710 Fuzz Filter........................................................................................................................ 177
P711 Echo Lock ....................................................................................................................... 177
P712 Echo Lock Sampling .................................................................................................... 178
P713 Echo Lock Window ...................................................................................................... 179
Transducer Scanning (P726 to P729) .............................................................................................179
P726 Level System Sync....................................................................................................... 179
P727 Scan Delay..................................................................................................................... 179
P728 Shot Delay...................................................................................................................... 180
P729 Scan Time ...................................................................................................................... 180
Display (P730 to P739) .......................................................................................................................180
P730 Auxiliary Reading ......................................................................................................... 180
P731 Auxiliary Reading Key ................................................................................................. 181
P732 Display Delay................................................................................................................. 181
P733 Scroll Access ................................................................................................................ 182
P735 Backlight......................................................................................................................... 182
P737 Primary Reading ........................................................................................................... 182
SmartLinx Reserved (750 to 769) ....................................................................................................183
Communications (P770 to P782) .....................................................................................................183
P770 Port Protocol ................................................................................................................. 183
P771 Network Address ......................................................................................................... 183
P772 Baud Rate....................................................................................................................... 184
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ix
Table of Contents
P773 Parity ............................................................................................................................... 184
P774 Data Bits......................................................................................................................... 184
P775 Stop Bits ......................................................................................................................... 185
P778 Modem Available ......................................................................................................... 185
P779 Modem Inactivity Timeout ......................................................................................... 185
P782 Parameter Index Location.......................................................................................... 186
SmartLinx Hardware Testing ............................................................................................................186
P790 Hardware Error............................................................................................................. 186
P791 Bus Error ........................................................................................................................ 187
P792 Bus Error Count ............................................................................................................ 187
Echo Processing (P800 to P807) ......................................................................................................187
P800 Near Blanking ............................................................................................................... 187
P801 Range Extension........................................................................................................... 188
P802 Transducer with Submergence Shield ................................................................... 188
P803 Shot / Pulse Mode ....................................................................................................... 189
P804 Confidence Threshold ................................................................................................. 189
P805 Echo Confidence .......................................................................................................... 190
P806 Echo Strength................................................................................................................ 190
P807 Noise ............................................................................................................................... 190
Advanced Echo Processing (P810 to P825) ..................................................................................191
P810 Scope Displays ............................................................................................................. 191
P815 Echo Time Filtered ....................................................................................................... 192
P816 Echo Time Raw ............................................................................................................. 193
Profile Pointer (P817 to P825) ...........................................................................................................193
P817 Profile Pointer Time..................................................................................................... 193
P818 Profile Pointer Distance.............................................................................................. 194
P819 Profile Pointer Amplitude ........................................................................................... 194
P820 Algorithm........................................................................................................................ 194
P821 Spike Filter ..................................................................................................................... 195
P822 Narrow Echo Filter....................................................................................................... 195
P823 Reform Echo .................................................................................................................. 196
P825 Echo Marker Trigger ................................................................................................... 196
Advanced TVT Adjustment (P830 to P835) ...................................................................................197
P830 TVT Type......................................................................................................................... 197
P831 TVT Shaper .................................................................................................................... 197
P832 TVT Shaper Adjust ....................................................................................................... 198
P833 TVT Start Min ................................................................................................................ 199
P834 TVT Start Duration ....................................................................................................... 199
P835 TVT Slope Min............................................................................................................... 199
Advanced Shot Adjustment (P840 to P852) ................................................................................. 200
P840 Short Shot Number...................................................................................................... 200
P841 Long Shot Number....................................................................................................... 200
P842 Short Shot Frequency ................................................................................................. 200
P843 Long Shot Frequency .................................................................................................. 201
P844 Short Shot Width.......................................................................................................... 201
P845 Long Shot Width........................................................................................................... 201
P850 Short Shot Bias............................................................................................................. 202
P851 Short Shot Floor............................................................................................................ 202
P852 Short Shot Range ......................................................................................................... 202
Test (P900 to P913) ............................................................................................................................. 203
P900 Software Revision Number........................................................................................ 203
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P901 Memory .......................................................................................................................... 203
P902 Watchdog....................................................................................................................... 203
P903 Display ............................................................................................................................ 203
P904 Keypad ............................................................................................................................ 204
P905 Transmit Pulse .............................................................................................................. 204
P906 RS-232 Port .................................................................................................................... 204
P908 Scanner .......................................................................................................................... 204
P910 Toggle Relays................................................................................................................ 205
P911 mA Output Value .......................................................................................................... 205
P912 Transducer Temperature ........................................................................................... 205
P913 Sensor Temperature ................................................................................................... 206
P914 mA Input ......................................................................................................................... 206
Measurement (P920 to P927) .......................................................................................................... 206
P920 Reading Measurement ............................................................................................... 206
P921 Material Measurement............................................................................................... 207
P922 Space Measurement................................................................................................... 207
P923 Distance Measurement.............................................................................................. 207
P924 Volume Measurement ............................................................................................... 208
P925 Flow Measurement...................................................................................................... 208
P926 Head Measurement..................................................................................................... 208
P927 Distance Measurement.............................................................................................. 208
Master Reset (P999) ......................................................................................................................... 209
General Appendix A: Index types ...................................................................................................211
Index types ............................................................................................................................................211
General Appendix B: Technical Reference ...............................................................................212
Transmit Pulse ......................................................................................................................................212
Echo Processing ..................................................................................................................................212
Distance Calculation ..........................................................................................................................213
Sound Velocity .....................................................................................................................................213
Scanning ................................................................................................................................................214
Volume Calculation .............................................................................................................................214
Universal, Curved ......................................................................................................................215
Flow Calculation ..................................................................................................................................215
Universal, Linear ........................................................................................................................215
Universal, Curved ......................................................................................................................216
Maximum Process Speed .................................................................................................................217
General Appendix C: Troubleshooting .........................................................................................218
Common Problems Chart ..................................................................................................................218
Noise Problems ....................................................................................................................................219
Determine the Noise Source ................................................................................................. 220
Non-Transducer Noise Sources ........................................................................................... 220
Common Wiring Problems ..................................................................................................... 221
Reducing Electrical Noise ...................................................................................................... 221
Reducing Acoustical Noise .................................................................................................... 221
Measurement Difficulties ................................................................................................................. 222
Flashing LOE Display ............................................................................................................... 222
Fixed Reading ...................................................................................................................................... 223
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Pump Control Options ....................................................................................................................... 227
Pump Groups ............................................................................................................................. 227
Pump by Rate ............................................................................................................................ 227
Pump Control Algorithms ................................................................................................................. 227
Fixed Duty Assist (P111 = 50) ................................................................................................. 228
Fixed Duty Backup (P111 = 51) .............................................................................................. 228
Alternate Duty Assist (P111 = 52) ........................................................................................ 229
Alternate Duty Backup (P111 = 53) ...................................................................................... 230
Service Ratio Duty Assist (P111 = 54) ................................................................................. 231
Service Ratio Duty Backup (P111 = 55) .............................................................................. 231
First In First Out (FIFO) (P111 = 56) ....................................................................................... 232
Pump by Rate (P121) ............................................................................................................... 232
Other Pump Controls ......................................................................................................................... 232
General Appendix E: Updating Software .................................................................................. 233
Updating Software ............................................................................................................................. 233
General Appendix F: Upgrading ..................................................................................................... 234
Mounting a HydroRanger 200 ............................................................................................... 234
Connecting the Transducer ................................................................................................... 234
HydroRanger to HydroRanger 200 Parameters ................................................................ 236
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General Appendix D: Pump Control Reference ..................................................................... 227
Table of Contents
Obstructions in the Sound Beam ......................................................................................... 223
Nozzle Mountings .................................................................................................................... 224
Set the HydroRanger 200 to Ignore the Bad Echo ........................................................... 224
Wrong Reading ................................................................................................................................... 225
Types of Wrong Readings ...................................................................................................... 225
Liquid Splashing ........................................................................................................................ 225
Adjust the Echo Algorithm ..................................................................................................... 225
Transducer Ringing ............................................................................................................................ 225
xii
HydroRanger 200
•
•
•
water and wastewater
storage tanks, for measring liquids, sluries, and solids
open channels, wet wells, pump totalizer, bar screens
The Manual
The manual provides instruction for the operation of the HydroRanger 200 and is
designed to help you get the most out of your instrument.
Information on the following is provided:
•
•
•
•
•
How to program the unit
Example applications
Principles of operation
Parameter values
Parameter uses
•
•
•
•
•
Outline diagrams
Wiring diagrams
Installation requirements
MODBUS register mapping
Modem configuration
If you have any questions, comments, or suggestions about the manual contents, please
email us at techpubs@milltronics.com.
For the complete library of Siemens Milltronics manuals, go to www.milltronics.com.
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 1
mmmmm
The HydroRanger 200 is designed for a variety of applications:
HydroRanger 200
The HydroRanger 200 is a single-point, six relay device that offers both level and volume
measurement. It has Open Channel Monitoring capabilities, a larger number of advanced
pump control algorithms, and is equipped with digital communications. It offers the latest
in echo processing technology and diagnostic features.
HydroRanger 200
mmmmm
Manual Symbols
Please note their use carefully.
Alternating Current
Direct Current
Earth (ground) Terminal
Protective Conductor Terminal
Caution (refer to instructions)
Infra-red communication port on front of instrument
RJ-11 communications port
No co-axial cable connections
Configuration Examples
The configuration examples used in this manual illustrate the versatility of the
HydroRanger 200. Because there is often a range of ways to approach an application,
other configurations may also apply.
In all examples, substitute your own application details. If the examples do not apply to
your application, check the applicable parameter reference for the available options.
Should you require more information, please contact your Siemens Milltronics
representative. For a complete list of Siemens Milltronics representatives, go to
www.milltronics.com.
Page 2
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Specifications
Power
AC version
• 100-230 Vac ± 15%, 50 / 60 Hz, 36 VA (17W)1
• fuse: F3: 2 AG, Slow Blow, 0.375A, 250V
DC version
Transmitter fuse
• F1: Belling Lee, L754, 4000A HRC, ceramic type, 100mA, 250V
Temperature Sensor fuse
• F2: Belling Lee, L754, 4000A HRC, ceramic type, 50mA, 250V
Mounting
Location
• indoor / outdoor
Altitude
• 2000m max.
Ambient temperature
• -20 to 50°C (-5 to 122°F)
Relative humidity
• suitable for outdoors (Type / Nema 4x, IP65 Enclosure)
Installation category
• II
Pollution degree
• 4
1.
Power consumption is listed at maximum.
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 3
mmmmm
Specifications
• 12-30 Vdc, 20W1
• fuse: F3: 2 AG, Slow Blow, 2A, 250V
Range
• 0.3m (1 ft) to 15m (50 ft), dependent on transducer
Accuracy
• 0.25% of maximum range or 6mm (0.24”), whichever is greater
Resolution
Specifications
mmmmm
• 0.1% of program range1 or 2mm (0.08”), whichever is greater
Memory
• 1MB static RAM with battery backup
• 512kB flash EPROM
Programming
Primary
• hand held programmer
Secondary
• PC running Dolphin Plus software
Display
• back lit LCD
Temperature Compensation
• Range: -50 to 150°C (-58 to 302°F)
Source
• integral transducer sensor
• TS-3 temperature sensor
• programmable fixed temperature
Temperature Error
Sensor
• 0.09% of range
1.
Page 4
Program range is defined as the empty distance from the face of the transducer
(P006) plus any range extension (P801).
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Fixed
• 0.17% per °C deviation from programmed value
Outputs
Transducer drive
• 315V peak
mA Analog
Relays1
• Six:
• 4 control
• 2 alarm control
• all relays rated 5A at 250Vac, non-inductive
Control Relays
• 4 Form A, NO relays (numbers 1,2,4,5)
Alarm Relays
• 2 Form C, NO, or NC relay (numbers 3,6)
Communication
• RS-232 running Modbus RTU and ASCII via RJ-11 connector
• RS-485 running Modbus RTU and ASCII via terminal blocks
Optional
• SmartLinx® compatible
Inputs
mA (analog) (1)
• 0-20 or 4-20 mA, from alternate device, scalable
1.
All relays are certified only for use with equipment that fails in a state at or
under the rated maximums of the relays.
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 5
mmmmm
0-20 mA
4-20 mA
750 ohm maximum isolated
Resolution of 0.1%
Specifications
•
•
•
•
Discrete (2)
•
•
•
•
10-50Vdc switching level
logical 0 = < 0.5 Vdc
logical 1 = 10 to 50 Vdc
3mA maximum draw
Enclosure
• 240mm (9.5") x 1.75mm (6.9"). Width dimension includes hinges.
Specifications
mmmmm
• Type 4X / NEMA 4X / IP 651
• Polycarbonate
Weight
• 1.37 kg (3.02 lb)
Approvals
• See product nameplate
Compatible Transducers
• Echomax series and STH series
Transducers
Base
• single point (44 kHz)
• second transducer can only be used for average or differential
Cable
• Do not use coaxial cable for transducers (see General Appendix F: Upgrading on
page 234 for more information).
• 2-3 copper conductors, twisted with shield, drain wire, 300Vrms, 0.5mm2 (22-18AWG),
nominal capacitance between adjacent conductors @ 1kHz = 19 pF/ft., nominal
capacitance between conductor and shield @ 1kHz = 33 pF/ft. (Belden 8760 is
acceptable)
• 365m (1200 ft) maximum
Note: The HydroRanger 200 is to be used only in the manner outlined in this
instruction manual or protection provided by the equipment may be impaired.
1.
Page 6
For watertight applications, use only approved, suitable size hubs in the
enclosure’s conduit holes.
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Installation
Notes:
•
•
Installation must only be performed by qualified personnel, and in accordance
with local governing regulations.
This product is susceptible to electrostatic shock. Follow proper grounding
procedures.
All field wiring must have insulation suitable for at least 250 V.
Hazardous voltage present on transducer terminals during operation.
DC terminals shall be supplied from an SELV source in accordance with IEC
1010-1 Annex H.
•
The non-metallic enclosure does not provide grounding between conduit
connections. Use grounding type bushings and jumpers.
Mounting Locations
Recommended
•
•
•
•
•
•
Ambient temperature is always within -20 to 50°C (-5 to 122°F)
HydroRanger 200 display window is at shoulder level, unless most interaction is
through a SCADA system
Easy access for hand programmer is provided
Cable length requirements are minimal
Mounting surface is free from vibration
A place for a laptop computer is provided for on-site Dolphin Plus configuration
Avoid
•
•
Exposure to direct sunlight. (Provide a sun shield to avoid direct sunlight.)
Proximity to high voltage/current runs, contacts, SCR or variable frequency motor
speed controllers
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 7
mmmmm
Installation
Mounting
Mounting Instructions
Mount the unit where there is sufficient room to swing lid open and have clear access.
Note: When routing cable through a conduit, please follow the Cable Routing
instructions on page 9 before mounting the HydroRanger 200.
Enclosure Dimensions
14.9mm
(0.58")
15.2mm
(0.6")
160.3mm
(6.325")
130mm
(5.125")
4.3mm Dia.
(0.17")
Four Mounting
Holes
91mm
(3.58")
6.6mm
(0.26")
240mm
(9.45")
227mm
(8.93")
Installation
mmmmm
Enclosure
Screws (6)
Mounting the Enclosure
1.
2.
3.
Remove the lid screws and open the lid to reveal the mounting screw holes.
Mark and drill four holes in the mounting surface
Mounting Screw Holes
for the four screws (customer supplied).
Fasten with a long screwdriver.
Please note:
•
•
•
Page 8
Mounting Screw Holes
Recommended mounting: directly to wall or to
electrical cabinet back panel
Recommended mounting screws: #6
If alternate mounting surface is used, it MUST be
able to support four times the weight of the unit.
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Cable routed through a conduit:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Remove the four mounting screws holding the
motherboard to the enclosure.
Be careful not to damage the electronics with static
electricity. Remove the motherboard from the
enclosure by pulling the board straight out.
Drill the required cable entry holes. Make sure conduit
holes do not interfere with the lower areas on the
terminal block, circuit board, or SmartLinx card.
Attach the conduit to the enclosure using only
approved suitable size hubs for watertight application.
Reinstall the motherboard with the mounting screws.
Suitable location for
conduit entrances
Cable exposed and entering through the cable
glands:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Unscrew the glands and attach them loosely to the enclosure.
Thread the cables through the glands. Ensure the power cable is kept separated
from the signal cables.
Wire the cables to the terminal blocks.
Tighten the glands to form a good seal.
Battery
RS-232 RJ-11
Connector
Power Supply
TB1
TB2
L2/N L1
2
TB3
SYNC
1
mA INPUT
Female Connector
for SmartLinx Card
SHIELD
RELAY 1
RELAY 2
1
4 - 20 mA
OUTPUTS
SmartLinx Card
2
Terminals
RELAY 3
TS-3
SHIELD
1
RELAY 4
DISCRETE
INPUTS
2
RELAY 5
COM
RELAY 6
RS485
A
B
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
RS-485
Connections
Page 9
mmmmm
HydroRanger 200 Board
Installation
Note: Where more holes are required than are supplied in the enclosure, follow the
Cable routed through a conduit steps.
Installing the Battery
The battery (Rayovac BR2032) has a ten-year life expectancy. Please note the life
expectance may be reduced by ambient temperature. If the unit loses external and
battery power, a capacitor will power the RAM for about ten minutes.
Notes:
• Do not install the memory backup battery until the HydroRanger 200 is installed,
as it begins operation immediately.
• The unit is supplied with one battery. Insert the battery into the holder as shown
in the following diagram before using the HydroRanger 200.
Disconnect power before installing or replacing the battery.
Installation Steps
1.
2.
Installation
mmmmm
3.
Open the enclosure lid.
Slide the battery into the holder. Be sure to
align the + and – terminals correctly.
Close and secure enclosure lid.
Battery
+
Installing SmartLinx Card
SmartLinx cards are generally pre-installed. If unit does not have a SmartLinx card, follow
these steps to install one. For reference, see board illustration on page 9.
1.
2.
3.
Align card with the two mounting posts and then press-fit with the female
connector.
Use the screws supplied with the card to attach it to the mounting posts.
Wire in the SmartLinx card according to SmartLinx Manual.
Optional Equipment
To communicate with equipment requiring RS-485 capability, Siemens Milltronics offers
the RS-485 External Modem Kit. For more information, go to www.milltronics.com.
Page 10
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Wiring
Please note:
•
•
•
Verify that all system components are installed in accordance with instructions.
Connect all cable shields to the HydroRanger 200 Shield Terminals. Avoid differential
ground potentials by not connecting cable shields to ground (earth) anywhere.
Keep exposed conductors on shielded cables as short as possible to reduce noise
on the line caused by stray transmissions and noise pickup.
HydroRanger
Milltronics
Transducer(s)
Milltronics TS-3
Temperature Sensor
Laptop running
Dolphin Plus
Customer Alarm,
Pump, or Control
Device
Customer Device,
digital output
SmartLinx Card
Display, PLC, Chart
recorder, or other
Control Device
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 11
mmmmm
Customer Network or
Modem
Wiring
Customer Device,
analog output
Terminal Board
The terminal board on the HydroRanger 200 allows all inputs and outputs to be connected
simultaneously.
Note: Recommended torque on terminal clamping screws.
• 0.56 - 0.79 Nm
• 5 - 7 in.lbs
Please do not overtighten the screws.
TB1
TB2
L2/N L1
TB1
2
TB3
SYNC
1
12-30 V
mA INPUT
SHIELD
DC Version
RELAY 1
1
4 - 20 mA
OUTPUTS
RELAY 2
2
RELAY 3
TS-3
SHIELD
1
RELAY 4
DISCRETE
INPUTS
2
RELAY 5
COM
RELAY 6
RS485
A
Wiring
mmmmm
B
Cables
The HydroRanger 200 transceiver requires a shielded two-wire connection to the
transducer.
Connection
mA input and mA output
sync, Temperature sensor,
discrete input, dc input
Transducer
Relay output
ac input
1.
Page 12
Cable Type
2-3 copper conductors, twisted, with shield1, drain wire,
300V 0.5-0.75 mm2 (22 - 18 AWG).
Maximum length: 365m
Do not use a coaxial transducer cable extension with the
HydroRanger 200. Electrical noise interference affects
performance.
Relay to be copper conductors per local requirements to
meet 250V 5A contact rating.
Preferred shielding is braided screen.
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Transducers
Warning: Hazardous voltage present on transducer terminals during
operation.
Run the transducer cable in a grounded metal conduit, separate from other
wiring (except TS-3 temperature sensor wiring, if applicable).
Notes:
•
•
Do not use coaxial cable because of electrical noise interference
Do not connect the shield and white transducer wires together; wire to separate
terminals
Disregard older transducer manuals that recommend these practices
•
white
black
TRANSDUCER TWO
white
TRANSDUCER ONE
black
A 0.1 µF (100V or greater) capacitor is included with the HydroRanger 200 for retrofitting
old HydroRanger installations. Please see “HydroRanger 200 Installation (for retrofitting
HydroRanger Installations)” on page 235.
Relays
Relay contacts are shown in the de-energized position. All relays are handled identically
and can be configured as positive or negative logic using P118.
Relay Ratings
•
RELAY 1
RELAY 2
RELAY 3
Relays 3 and 6 can be
wired either normally open
or normally closed, and
will fail in their deenergized states.
RELAY 4
RELAY 5
RELAY 6
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 13
mmmmm
•
four Form A, NO
relays(1,2,4,5)
two Form C, NO or
NC relays (3,6)
5A at 250Vac, noninductive
Wiring
•
Power Failure
Relays 1, 2, 4, and 5 are
normally open and will fail
in the normal state.
Temperature Sensor
Accurate temperature readings are critical to accurate level measurements because the
speed of sound changes, depending on air temperature, and all Milltronics Echomax and
ST-H transducers have an internal temperature sensor.
If the following conditions apply, a separate TS-3 temperature sensor will ensure
optimum accuracy:
•
•
•
the transducer is exposed to direct sunlight (or other radiant heat source)
the transducer face and monitored surface temperature differs
faster response to temperature changes is required
Note
TEMPERATURE SENSOR
Use a T-S3 Temperature
Sensor only. Leave
terminals open (unused) if
TS-3 is not deployed.
mA Input
Wiring
mmmmm
For more information, consult the Transducer (P004) and mA Input Parameters (P250,
P251, and P252) in the parameter reference section.
mA Output
For more information, consult the mA output parameters (P200 to P219) in the parameter
reference section.
Page 14
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Level System Synchronization
Note: The HydroRanger 200 CANNOT be synchronized with the MultiRanger Plus or
the HydroRanger.
When using multiple ultrasonic level monitors, be sure to run the transducer cables in
separate grounded metal conduits.
When separate conduits are not possible, synchronize the level monitors so that no unit
transmits while another is waiting for echo reception.
Other Siemens
HydroRanger
Synchronizing with another HydroRanger 200 or other Milltronics instruments (DPL+, SPL, XPL+, Hydro+, EnviroRanger, MiniRanger, MultiRanger
100/200):
•
•
•
•
Mount the level monitors together in one cabinet
Use a common power (mains) supply and ground (earth) for all units
Interconnect the SYNC terminals of all level monitors
Contact Siemens Milltronics or your local distributor. See www.milltronics.com.
Power
Important!
Before applying power to the HydroRanger 200 for the first time, ensure any
connected alarm/control equipment is disabled until satisfactory system operation
and performance is verified.
•
The equipment must be protected by a 15 A fuse, or circuit breaker in the
building installation.
A circuit breaker or switch in the building installation, marked as the disconnect
switch, must be in close proximity to the equipment and within easy reach of the
operator.
Note: Make sure unit is
connected to a
reliable ground.
Ground
GND
L1
L2/N
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 15
mmmmm
•
Wiring
Notes for AC power connections
Digital Communications
Wiring the HydroRanger 200 for communications allows it to be integrated into a full
SCADA system or an industrial LAN.
The HydroRanger 200 can also be directly connected to a computer running Dolphin Plus.
RS-232 Serial Connection
RS-232 RJ-11
TB1
TB2
L2/N L1
2
TB3
SYNC
1
mA INPUT
SHIELD
RELAY 1
RELAY 2
1
4 - 20 mA
OUTPUTS
2
RELAY 3
TS-3
SHIELD
1
RELAY 4
DISCRETE
INPUTS
2
RELAY 5
COM
RELAY 6
RS485
A
B
RS-485
Connection
(see below)
Wiring
mmmmm
RS-485 Serial Connection
Discrete Inputs
Discrete inputs have a positive and negative terminal. Requires an external power supply.
Discrete Input (pos.) 1
Discrete Input (pos.) 2
Common (neg.) for Discrete Input
Page 16
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Operating the HydroRanger 200
The HydroRanger has two modes of operation: RUN and PROGRAM.
RUN Mode
In RUN mode, the HydroRanger 200 detects material level and provides control functions.
The HydroRanger 200 automatically starts in RUN mode when power is applied.
System status is shown on the unit’s LCD, or on a remote communications terminal.
Display
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
?
1
14
2
13
3
12
4
5
11
8
6
10
9
Indicator Functions
PROGRAM Mode
index type (see next table)
index
parameter value
units
auxiliary function
n/a
scroll access tag
scroll access tag
n/a
relay # programmed
relay # activated
parameter number
n/a
n/a
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 17
mmmmm
RUN Mode
index type (see below)
index
primary reading
units
hi and hi hi alarm designation
level display
filling display
emptying display
lo and lo lo alarm designation
relay # programmed
relay # activated
auxiliary reading
normal operation:
failsafe operation:
Operation
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Icons indicating index type (Item 1) edited in PROGRAM mode:
Icon
Index Type
measurement point or transducer
relay
secondary index
mA input or output
Readings in RUN Mode
Change the displayed values with the keys on the hand programmer. All readings are
shown in the Auxiliary field, except for the totalizer and P920.
Key
+
+
+ ###
P
Operation
mmmmm
P
1.
2.
Page 18
Function
P#
Toggle Readings between percent and units:
• Level: 0 – 100%
• Space or Distance:1 100% – 0
Accumulated pump running hours2 for numbered pump.
P920
Hold number key for five seconds to display the number of
accumulated pump starts2 for numbered pump.
P311
Eight-digit totalizer, uses index and reading areas, press
again to toggle, P737 sets default.
Used for OCM and Pumped Volume.
Head measurement
P322
P323
P920
P926
Instantaneous flow based on head (OCM)
P925
mA Output value
P203
Temperature
P664
Rate of level change
P707
Failsafe Time Left (in %). When the Reading is updated,
this value (Auxiliary Reading) resets to 100 and begins to
decrease until the next valid measurement is made. If the
Failsafe Time Left reaches 0, LOE flashes in the display.
Hold for four seconds to show echo confidence
P805
Display the value of the entered parameter which is global
or indexed by transducer
Auxiliary reading displays parameter specified in P731
P731
Distance
P923
P310
Distances less than 0.3m (12") from the transducer face cannot be measured
reliably. Therefore, a 0% reading is not possible during Distance operation.
If the associated relay is programmed for pump control.
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Status Parameters
Status parameters give the operating status of the HydroRanger 200. You can access
parameters with the hand programmer (see page 26) or with Dolphin Plus (see page 22).
Remote SCADA system access is also possible.
Parameter
P203
P254
P275
P322
P323
P341
P342
P664
P707
P708
P729
P806
P920
P921
P922
P924
P925
P926
P927
Values
mA Output Value
0 to 22 – Current mA output
Scaled mA Input Value
0 to 9999 – Current mA input after scaling
Scaled Discrete Input Value Shows current value of discrete input,
values vary by DI function
LCD Total Low
The last four digits of the totalizer
LCD Total High
The first four digits of the totalizer
Run Time
The number of days the HydroRanger 200
has been operating
Start Ups
The number of times power has been
cycled
Temperature
Current temperature measured by
transducer
Rate Value
Current rate of material level change
Volume Rate Display
Current rate of material volume change
Scan Time
Seconds since last level scan
Echo Strength
Strength of primary echo
Reading Measurement
Current primary reading
Material Measurement
Current level from P007–Span
Space Measurement
Empty space above the material level
Volume Measurement
Current volume value, if programmed
Flow Measurement (OCM) Current flow value, if OCM programmed
Head Measurement (OCM) Current level, if OCM programmed
Distance Measurement
Distance from transducer face to material
Controlling the Display
RUN mode provides numerous parameters and variables that you can track on the
display (see Display on page 17).
The LCD displays EEEE if a value is too long.
Adjusting the primary reading for four-digit LCD readout:
Parameter
P060
P061
P062
Action
Decimal Position
Convert Reading
Offset Reading
Sets maximum number of decimals
Scales the reading to fit
Shifts the reading up or down by a fixed amount
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 19
mmmmm
Operation
7ML19981FC01
Example
To reference the displayed level to sea level, enter the distance in Units (P005), between
Empty (P006) and sea level. (Enter a negative value if Empty is below sea level.)
P006
P007
Sea Level
P062
Reservoir
P062 is the distance between sea level and Empty.
Auxiliary Reading
The Auxiliary Reading area of the LCD displays parameter values while leaving the
primary reading on screen.
Note: The parameters shown in the auxiliary reading field are indexed as follows:
•
•
•
global
by transducer
by level point
Setting the Default Auxiliary Reading
To maintain a constant variable display in the auxiliary reading area, set the default.
Example
Parameter
Index
Value
Description
P730
G
805
Auxiliary field defaults to P805
Operation
mmmmm
To leave the level reading on the screen and view the echo confidence in the auxiliary
reading field, set the following parameter:
Page 20
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Setting a Specific Auxiliary Reading
To display a second auxiliary reading, press
Example: To set
P
P
in RUN mode.
to display current temperature, go to P731:
Parameter
Index
Value
Description
P731
G
912
Shows P912–Transducer Temperature
Multiple Readings
During differential or average operation (P001 = 4 /5), the display scrolls sequentially
through Point Numbers 1, 2, and 3. Point 3 is the difference between (or average of) Points
1 and 2.
Changing Number Scrolling Speed
Parameter
Index
Value
Description
P732
G
5
Hold each value for 5 seconds
See Parameter Indexing on page 31. All the instructions in the following procedures apply
to the hand programmer and assume that the HydroRanger 200 is activated.
PROGRAM Mode
The HydroRanger 200 is programmed by setting its parameters to match your specific
application. Most parameters are indexed, allowing you to set the parameter to specific
conditions and to more than one input or output. When the HydroRanger 200 is in
PROGRAM mode, you can change these parameter values and set operating conditions.
Please refer to the Parameter Reference section on page 111 for a full listing and
explanations of parameter values.
The HydroRanger 200’s primary programming is by the hand programmer. Other access is
available through Dolphin Plus software (purchased separately).
Notes
•
•
•
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 21
mmmmm
7ML19981FC01
Operation
To activate PROGRAM from RUN mode, press PROGRAM
The display briefly reads ---- while the measurement reading is verified. Reading
level and other data is displayed and programmed relays are operated.
Placing a programmed unit that is in normal operation into PROGRAM mode deenergizes all control relay outputs. Be sure to bypass the HydroRanger 200 while
programming it.
Starting PROGRAM Mode
Hand Programmer
The hand programmer gives you direct access
to the HydroRanger 200.
Aim the hand programmer and press
PROGRAM key.
Note:
•
•
The 3v battery in the hand programmer is
not replacable
The hand programmer is ordered
separately from Siemens Milltronics. Go to
www.milltronics.com for a contact near
you.
For your convenience, the programmer has a magnetic mounting strip on the back. Keep
programmer nearby for easy access.
Point the programmer at the IR port above the display and press the keys.
Unless otherwise noted, each valid key press should produce a change in the LCD. Verify
when programming the unit.
Operation
mmmmm
Infrared
Port
Page 22
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Programmer Keys
Keys
P
Programming Mode
Run Mode
1
8-digit Totalizer (toggle)
2
Pump Running Time
3
Head
4
Flow based on Head
5
mA Output
6
Temperature
7
Rate of Change
8
Failsafe Time Left
9
N/A
0
N/A
Decimal Point (TVT left)
Parameter Value
Negative Value (TVT right)
Material Level (P731)
Fire Transducer
Distance
Run Mode
Program Mode (Key 1)
Units or %
Next Display Field
Units or % (Program Mode)
(Key 2)
Pause Display Toggle
Increase Value
Next Index
Decrease Value
Previous Index
Enter Value
Clear to Preset
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 23
mmmmm
Operation
7ML19981FC01
Dolphin Plus
Use Dolphin Plus software to configure, monitor, tune, and diagnose the HydroRanger 200
from a PC or directly in the field with a laptop.
Dolphin Plus is easy to install and easy to use. Just load the software from the CD onto a
desktop PC or Laptop, and then set up or modify complete parameter configurations in a
Windows®environment.
After configuration, use Dolphin Plus to edit parameters, upload and download parameter
sets to and from disk, and use parameter sets saved from other instruments. Echo
profiles can be used for fine tuning without the need for special instruments. Built-in
Quick Start features and Help files guide you through the entire process.
Operation
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Note: Dolphin Plus is ordered separately from Siemens Milltronics.
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HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Dolphin Plus Toolbar Buttons
The toolbar buttons provide quick access to Dolphin Plus features.
Button Action
communicate with instrument–toggle online versus offline
monitor communications
send parameter set to instrument
save parameter set to file
open the quick start wizard
open the tabbed parameters window
find a parameter in the tabbed parameters window
toggle PROGRAM mode and RUN mode
open the reporting windows
load an echo profile from a file
save the current echo profile to a file
open the vertical echo profile and tank mimic window
open the horizontal echo profile window
take a measurement with the current transducer
open the reading values (distance measurement) window
print current echo profile
open the Echo Info Editor window
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Operation
7ML19981FC01
Activating the HydroRanger 200
All the instructions in the following procedures apply to the hand programmer and
assume that the HydroRanger 200 is activated.
1.
Power the HydroRanger 200.
2.
3.
Point the programmer at the unit and press PROGRAM
Press DISPLAY
.
.
Note: Power up display
•
•
•
preset to display distance from the face of the transducer to the material
transducer selection is preset for the XPS-10
empty distance is preset to 5m
Changing Parameters
Note: If Parameter Value alteration is not permitted, access the Lock parameter
(P000) and enter the security code, (see Security below).
1.
2.
3.
4.
Starting in RUN mode, press PROGRAM
and then press DISPLAY
to put the
unit into PROGRAM mode.
Press DISPLAY
to select the Parameter Number field.
Enter the Parameter Number (e.g. 110). After the third digit is entered, the parameter
value is shown.
Enter the new value, and press ENTER
. The HydroRanger 200 interprets the
value, either accepting or replacing it with a valid value.
Helpful Hints
•
•
•
•
For parameters P001 to P007, press a single digit (1–7) and then press DISPLAY
to show that parameter.
The ? icon indicates that the HydroRanger 200 has accepted the value but that it
conflicts with other values entered. Double-check your programming.
By default, the SCROLL arrows
show only the Quick Start parameters and
any that have been changed.
P733 sets all parameters to be scroll-accessed.
Operation
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Security
The Lock parameter (P000) secures the HydroRanger 200 against parameter changes.
The unit can still be put into PROGRAM mode when locked, and parameter values can be
viewed, but no parameter values can be changed.
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HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
When P000 is set to 1954, programming is enabled. To disable programming, enter
another value.
P000 (1954) is a fixed value password. Therefore, you should use other means to secure
the HydroRanger 200 if security is a concern.
Simulation
P000 Lock also controls how simulations affect control relays. By default, control relays
are unaffected by simulation levels. But if P000 is set to –1, they react to the simulated
level. See parameters P925–P927 on page 208 for running a simulation.
Using Units or Percent (%)
Many parameters can be viewed either in measurement units (P005) or as a percentage.
View the parameter and then press MODE
to toggle between units and percentage.
The LCD shows the selected measurement type, either units (m, ft) or percentage (%).
Percentage is also available when showing flow and volume with 100%, based on the
parameter that defines the maximum.
Measurement Maximum
Volume
Flow
P051
P604
Parameters Types
View Only Parameters
Parameter values indicating status only. They cannot be altered.
Global Values
Parameter values common to all inputs and outputs on the HydroRanger 200.
When a global parameter is accessed, the index display automatically disappears. When
a non-global parameter is accessed, the index display reappears showing the last index
number.
Default Values
Parameter default values are indicated with an * in the parameter tables.
P000 Lock
Primary Index
OFF: programming permitted
Simulation Controls (relays energize based on
simulated level)
ON: Lock activated and programming not permitted
The asterix identifies 1954 as the default value.
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 27
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other
*
Operation
Value
Global
1954
-1
Parameter Reset
Returning a parameter to factory default.
1.
2.
3.
Display the appropriate parameter number.
Display the appropriate index value (if required).
Press CLEAR .
4.
Press ENTER
.
Master Reset (P999)
Returns all parameters to original values.
Use Conditions:
•
before initial system installation
•
following a software upgrade
If complete reprogramming is required, use Dolphin Plus to store and retrieve parameters.
When the dual point option is enabled, P999 is indexed by transducer. Use index 00 to
reset the entire HydroRanger 200.
Display Readout
The following readouts are shown when the HydroRanger 200 cannot display a number.
Display
Definition
Parameter has not been set
All values not same when viewing index 0
Operation
mmmmm
Value too large for four-digit display
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7ML19981FC01
Changing Parameters (Dolphin Plus)
The other method for changing parameter values is with Dolphin Plus software. It lets you
access the HydroRanger 200 from a PC or on site with a laptop and change HydroRanger
200 parameters.
Most examples in this manual use the icons from the hand programmer but nearly all
functions are also available through Dolphin Plus.
Parameter Indexing
Parameters are indexed when they apply to more than one input or output. The index
value defines the input/output for that parameter. Indexed parameters contain a value for
each index, even if that index is not used.
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Operation
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 Display
The index number and the index values are displayed above the parameter indicator on
the LCD.
Index Value
Index Number
1
2
3
4
5
6
Notes
•
•
•
An indexed transducer is commonly referred to as a Point (short for ’Measurement
Point’). Point Number refers to indexed transducers.
To set all indexed values for a parameter to the same value, use index 0.
Transducer parameters are indexed only if Operation (P001) is set to Difference
(value=4) or Average (value=5).
Accessing a Parameter Index
1.
2.
Press DISPLAY
once to clear current parameter field.
Enter the new parameter number.
3.
4.
Press DISPLAY
twice.
Press the number of the required index. Or press ARROW keys
through the available values.
to scroll
Operation
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Note: For optimum performance, set values accurately for indexed parameters.
Ensure that the correct index value is being changed for each parameter value.
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Primary and Secondary Indexes
Primary Index: relates to direct input or output and can refer to relays, communications
ports, and other parameters. In parameters that allow secondary indexes, the primary
index is often referred to as a point.
Secondary Index: relates to previously indexed parameters where the parameter
requires a second index, permitting multiple values on an indexed input or output.
Primary Index
Example Setting: P111[3] = 52
P111
1
2
3
4
5
6
52
•
•
P111 sets the Relay Control Function
P111(3) = 52 sets Relay #3 to a value of 52.
Secondary Index
Parameters with a secondary index permit multiple values for a primary index (point). For
example, a volume calculation based on vessel characterization breakpoints requires a
distinct set of breakpoints for each measured point.
Thus the primary index refers to the measurement point, and each secondary index refers
to a characterization breakpoint value.
Accessing a Secondary Index
1.
2.
Press MODE
and then press DISPLAY
to activate secondary index. The
icon appears under the index field.
Enter the secondary index, and then enter the values to set the secondary index.
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Operation
7ML19981FC01
Example
P054 provides up to 32 breakpoint levels used with P055 (Volume Breakpoint) for universal
volume calculation. The illustration indicates how you can set secondary indexes to
specific functions.
P054
1
[6 = 2m]
A
A
P054 [1.6] = 2m
[3 = 1.5m]
B
B
P054 [1,3] = 1.5m
C
[1 = 0.75m]
P054 [1,1] = .75m
C
Starting Measurement
Startup
Parameter
Index
P001
P002
P003
P004
P005
P006
P007
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
Value Description
1
1
2
104
1
12
10
Operation = level
Material = liquid
Maximum Process Speed = medium
Transducer = XPS-15
Units = meters
Empty = 12m
Span = 10m
Operation
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The HydroRanger 200 starts in DISTANCE mode with the transducer preset for the XPS-10
and an empty distance of 5 meters. Change the following parameters to reflect your
application parameters.
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HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Measurement Conditions
The following information will help you configure your HydroRanger 200 for optimal
performance and reliability.
Response Rate
The response rate of the device influences the measurement reliability. Use the slowest
rate possible with the application requirements.
The response rate is also important to functions connected to the filling or emptying
indicators.
Dimensions
The dimensions of the vessel, wet well, or reservoir (except empty and span) are only
important if you require volume.
Volume is required to report the level value in terms of volume. The pumped volume
function can also report pumped volume or pump efficiencies.
Failsafe
The failsafe parameters ensure that the devices controlled by the HydroRanger 200
default to an appropriate state when a valid level reading is not available.
•
P070 – Failsafe Timer activates if an error condition is detected. Upon expiration of
the timer, relay status defaults to values based on P071.
•
P071 – Failsafe Material Level determines the level reading if the Failsafe Timer
expires and the unit is still in an error condition.
•
P129 – Relay Failsafe controls the reaction of each relay. See Relay Failsafe on page
38 for more information.
If Failsafe Operation activates frequently, see the Troubleshooting Appendix on page 218.
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
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Operation
7ML19981FC01
Relays
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Relays
Relays are the primary controls of external devices
such as pumps or alarms.
3
Relay Number
Ring indicates
relay is configured
The HydroRanger 200 comes with extensive control
and alarm functions.
Dot indicates relay
is energized/deenergized
General Introduction
Six onboard multi-purpose relays are provided on the HydroRanger 200. Each relay may
be independently assigned to one function with a corresponding status icon on the LCD.
The relay functions fall under three modes of operation:
Mode
Function
alarm
pump
miscellaneous
alarm ON = LCD Icon ON = relay coil de-energized
pump ON = LCD Icon ON = relay coil energized
contact closed = LCD Icon ON = relay coil energized
Relay Function
Alarm
Level
In high alarm, the function goes on when the level rises to the ON setpoint and goes off
when the level lowers to the OFF setpoint. In low alarm, the function goes on when the
level lowers to the ON setpoint and goes off when the level rises to the OFF setpoint.
In Bounds
The relay will be in alarm if the level is inside the zone between the setpoints.
Out of Bounds
The relay will be in alarm if the level is outside the zone between the setpoints.
Rate of Change
In filling alarm, the function goes on when the rate of filling increases to the ON setpoint
and goes off when the rate of filling drops to the OFF setpoint. In emptying alarm, the
function goes on when the rate of emptying increases to the ON setpoint and goes OFF
when the rate of emptying drops to the OFF setpoint. For emptying alarm, the setpoints
must be entered as negative values.
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Temperature
The function goes on when the fail-safe timer expires. The function goes OFF when a
valid echo is received (fail-safe timer is reset).
Pump
Level
In pump down, the function goes on when the level rises to the ON setpoint and goes off
when the level lowers to the OFF setpoint. In pump up, the function goes on when the
level lowers to the ON setpoint and goes off when the level rises to the OFF setpoint.
Miscellaneous
Totalizer and Samplers
Refer to Totalizing Pumped Volume on page 58. Relays are normally de-energized, contact
closure is approximately 200 mSec duration.
Setpoint - ON / OFF
If the ON setpoint is higher than the OFF setpoint, the relay operates as:
•
•
high alarm
pump down control
If the ON setpoint is lower than the OFF setpoint, the relay operates as:
•
•
low alarm
pump up control
The ON and OFF setpoints can not be the same on an individual relay but may be common
to other relays. The dead band or hysteresis is the difference between the ON and OFF
setpoints. For in and out of bounds level alarms, the hysteresis is set at ± 2 % of span
from either boundary.
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 35
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Loss of Echo
Relays
In high alarm, the function goes on when the temperature rises to the ON setpoint and
goes off when the temperature lowers to the OFF setpoint. In low alarm, the function
goes on when the temperature lowers to the ON setpoint and goes off when the
temperature rises to the OFF setpoint.
Relay Status – Non Run Modes
Relays
mmmmm
When the fail-safe timer expires, pump control relays respond as previously described.
However, alarm relays will respond in the following manner:
Fail-Safe Mode
Fail-Safe High
Fail-Safe Low
Fail- Safe Hold
Relay Status
High Alarm
ON
OFF
HOLD
Low Alarm
OFF
ON
HOLD
Upon entering the program mode, all pump control relays will be turned OFF. Alarm relays
will hold their prior status.
Cautions:
•
•
If the relay status can affect plant operation or personnel safety, it is advisable to
override the relay functions or disconnect the relay wiring during calibration or
simulation.
Keep power disconnected at main breaker when HydroRanger cover is opened.
Relay States
The relays on the HydroRanger 200 are completely programmable, allowing for any
control scheme.
Relay Types
Relay 1,2,4,5 – NO (Form A)
Relay 3,6 – NO / NC (Form C)
Relay Related Parameters
Some parameters affect how relays react during normal conditions:
P100–Preset Applications
Sets the HydroRanger 200 to a preset application. These preset applications quickly set
up the HydroRanger 200 with a minimum number of parameters.
P111–Relay Control Function
Sets the default state differently, depending on whether the relay is programmed as an
alarm or a control.
P111–Alarm Functions
The alarm function de-energizes the relay coils. During normal operation (no alarms), the
relay coils are energized.
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HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
P111–Control Functions
The control function energizes the relay coils. When the instrument is at rest (no controls
operating) the relay coils are de- energized.
Sets the process point at which the relay is tripped.
P113–Relay OFF Setpoint
Sets the process point at which the relay is reset.
P115–Relay Interval Setpoint
Sets length of time between starts.
P116–Dead Band
Sets distance above and below the bound alarm setpoints.
P118–Relay Output Logic
Affects relay reaction. Reverses the logic (normally-open to normally-closed or vice
versa).
P129–Relay Failsafe
Changes how individual relays react to a failsafe condition on the instrument.
Relay Wiring Test
P119–Relay Logic Test
Checks the application wiring by forcing a relay control function, such as a level alarm or
pump control setpoint. Ensure all the relay programming and wiring works properly.
Please verify that ON and OFF respond correctly. Use P119 as a final test once all of the
relay programming is done.
Relay Activation
The flexibility of the relay functions ensures that the HydroRanger 200 can support relay
wiring for different systems and applications. Use the following as a guide to the most
common parameters.
Relay Setpoints and Functionality
When a setpoint is reached, the corresponding action is taken. The setpoint can be an
ON or OFF setpoint related to a process variable.
The setpoint can be an ON or OFF setpoint related to a process variable, or a timed
setpoint based on interval and duration.
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
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Relays
P112–Relay ON Setpoint
•
•
•
Relays
mmmmm
Functions affected by setpoint are configured by parameters that determine the
application requirements such as timing. P111 Pump and Control functions (see page 127
sets the function requirements. Other function parameters:
P132–Pump Start Delay
P133–Pump Power Resumption Delay
P645–Relay Duration
Relay Logic is Modified
Normal operating conditions means that alarms are off and pumps are on. This can be
reversed using P118–Relay Output Logic.
Relay Failsafe
P129–Relay Failsafe
Adjusts how individual relays react to a failsafe condition. Relays can be set to:
•
•
•
•
OFF
HOLd
dE
En
Control is by P071–Failsafe Material Level
Keeps the relay in the current state
De-energizes the relay (default for pump controls)
Energizes the relay
Preset Applications
Preset applications set up the relay parameters to predetermined values shown below:
Value
Off
Wet Well 1
# Parameters Affected
0 All relays set to OFF
Pump down with the following settings:
Relay #
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
P111
52
52
1(H)
1(L)
0
0
P112
70%
80%
90%
10%
–
–
P113
20%
20%
85%
15%
–
–
Pump down with the following level and rate settings:
Relay #
Parameter
1
2
3
4
5
6
P111
52
52
1(H)
1(L)
0
0
P112
70%
80%
90%
10%
–
–
2
P113
20%
20%
85%
15%
–
–
P121
1
Because the pumps are started by rate, you must change P703 to desired
empty rate.
Parameter
Wet Well 2
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HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Value
# Parameters Affected
Reservoir 1
4
Screen
5
Alarms
6
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HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 39
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Reservoir 2
Relays
3
Pump up with the following level settings:
Relay #
Parameter
1
2
3
4
5
6
P111
52
52
1(H)
1(L)
0
0
P112
30%
20%
90%
10%
–
–
P113
80%
80%
85%
15%
–
–
Pump up with the following level and rate settings:
Relay #
Parameter
1
2
3
4
5
6
P111
52
52
1(H)
1(L)
0
0
P112
20%
20%
90%
10%
–
–
P113
80%
80%
85%
15%
–
–
P121
1
Because the pumps are started by rate you must change P702 to desired
fill rate.
Differential control of a screen or rake:
Relay #
Parameter
1
2
3
4
5
6
P110
3
1
2
3
0
0
P111
50
1(H)
1(L)
1(H)
–
–
P112
80%
90%
10%
90%
–
–
P113
20%
85%
15%
10%
–
–
General alarms at four setpoints:
Relay #
Parameter
1
2
3
4
5
6
P111
1(H)
1(L)
1(HH)
1(LL)
0
0
P112
80%
20%
90%
10%
–
–
P113
75%
25%
85%
15%
–
–
Backup Level Override
Backup level override provides the option of overriding the ultrasonic input with another
contacting point level device, for example, the Pointek CLS 200. The ultrasonic reading is
fixed at the programmed switch level until the discrete input is released and the
ultrasonic device makes its decisions based on the override value.
Backup Level Override
mmmmm
Backup Level Override Parameters
P064: Reading Override Enable
Sets the discrete input as the source of a level reading override.
P065: Reading Override Value
Substitutes value for current reading when the discrete input (P064) is enabled. Value is
added in current units and is valid only for the following:
•
•
•
•
•
level
space
distance
difference
average modes of operation
Example
A high level backup switch is connected to Digital Input Two in the same application as
Transducer One at level value 4.3m.
Settings
Parameter
Index
Value
P064
P064
P065
P065
1
2
1
2
2
0
4.3
–
When the level rises to 4.3m and the switch is activated, the reading is forced to 4.3m
where it stays until the switch is de-activated.
P066: Override Time Delay
Sets the time (in seconds) used to calm the override condition input.
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HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Discrete Inputs
Wiring the Discrete Inputs
Normal state is standard operation, with the HydroRanger 200 sensing the material level
and controlling the pumps.
The discrete input contacts are either normally-open or normally-closed when the
system state is normal.
Example:
Normal state for a backup high level switch is open, and the contacts on the discrete
input are wired as normally-open.
See Discrete Inputs in the HydroRanger 200 Installation section on page16 for complete
details on wiring the discrete inputs.
Programming the Discrete Input Logic
The P270 series of parameters permits control over the discrete input.
P270 = 2
P270 = 3
The current value of the discrete input is reported in P275:
P275 Setting
HydroRanger 200 State
0
1
Normal State
Exception State
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HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 41
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P270 Setting
Normally Open
Normally Closed
Discrete Inputs
DI State
mA I/O
To integrate the HydroRanger 200 with other equipment, use the mA input and outputs.
Note: When a mA input parameter is accessed, a mA symbol appears in the upper left
corner of the LCD display.
The mA input can be used as a level measurement or can be passed on to a SCADA
system.
mA Input
Level Reading Parameters
Parameter
Index
Value
P004
P250
P251
P252
P253
1
1
1
1
1
250
2
0
100
0
Description
Transducer = mA input 1
Scale = 4 to 20 mA
4 mA = 0% of span
20 mA = 100% of span
Do not damp the input signal
To pass the mA input on to a SCADA system, read the value from the appropriate
communication registers. For more information, see the Communications section on
page 83.
mA Output
The HydroRanger 200 has two mA outputs, used to send measurements to other devices.
Parameter
Index
Value
P200
P201
P202
P210
P211
P219
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
2
10
90
0
mA I/O
mmmmm
Configuring the mA output to send a 4 to 20 mA signal scaled from 10% to 90% of span of
the second transducer:
1.
2.
Page 42
Description
set to 4 to 20 range
send mA proportional to level reading
base mA on level point 2
set 4 mA at 10% of span1
set 20 mA at 90% of span2
set failsafe action as 0 mA
If the level reading drops below 10% of span, the mA output drops below
4 mA.
If the level reading rises above 90% of span, the mA output rises above
20 mA.
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Calibrating 4 mA Output
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Connect the mA receiving device to the HydroRanger 200.
Put the HydroRanger 200 into PROGRAM mode.
Set P911–mA Output Value to 4.0.
View the mA level on the receiving device.
If there is a discrepancy, use P214–4 mA Output Trim to correct the value.
Press MODE
and then the ARROWs
to increase or decrease the trim.
Repeat until the mA level on the receiving device equals 4.0 mA.
The unit is now calibrated for 4 mA for the receiving device.
Calibrating 20 mA Output
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Connect the mA receiving device to the HydroRanger 200.
Put the HydroRanger 200 into PROGRAM mode.
Set P911–mA Output Value to 20.0.
View the mA level on the receiving device.
If there is a discrepancy, use P215–20 mA Output Trim to correct the value.
and then the ARROWs
to increase or decrease the trim.
Press MODE
Repeat until the mA level on the receiving device equals 20.0.
The unit is now calibrated for 20 mA for the receiving device.
Verifying the mA Range
Checks that the external device can track the entire 4 to 20 mA range sent by the
HydroRanger 200.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Use P920 to put the HydroRanger 200 into Simulation mode (see page79).
Run the simulation through one complete fill / empty cycle.
View P911–mA Output Value to verify that it tracks to the simulation.
View the mA value reported on the external equipment to verify that it also tracks to
the simulation.
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Page 43
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mA I/O
7ML19981FC01
Volume
Volume is used in two situations:
1.
Calculate and display volume instead of level. For programming all setpoint
parameters in terms of volume units rather than level units.
Calculate pumped volume to accomplish the following:
• Totalize the volume of material that is pumped out of the wet well
2.
If you require this functionality, please contact your local Siemens Milltronics
representative at www.milltronics.com.
Readings
When using volume, readings are given in arbitrary units specified in P051.
The default is 100, which gives a reading in percent of total. Use whatever units you want
here. If the value is too large for the four-digit LCD, use a larger unit.
Example
If a wet well has a maximum capacity of 250,000 liters, use the value 250.0 for P051 and
set the reading in 1000s of liters.
Tank Shape and Dimensions
There are many common tank shapes to select from. (See P050. If possible, use one of
these.) Each tank shape uses the Empty distance (P006) in its calculations of volume.
Some tank shapes also require extra dimensions to calculate the volumes. Do not
estimate these values. They must be correct to ensure the accuracy of your volume
calculations.
To configure volume for a tank with a half-sphere bottom, set the
following:
Parameter
Volume
mmmmm
P050
P051
P052
Index
1
1
1
Value Description
4
100
1.3
selects the correct tank shape
sets maximum volume at 100 (percent)
sets A to 1.3m
Notes:
•
•
Page 44
The default reading changes to a range from 0 to 100 (the value in P051)
Empty (P006) is still measured to the bottom of the tank, not the top of A.
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Characterization Chart
If you cannot use a pre-defined tank, then use one of the universal tank shapes and
program the characterization curve.
1.
2.
3.
Plot a volume to height chart. Usually a tank supplier will provide this chart.
However, if you have a custom-built wet well then you will need access to complete
drawings of the well or accurate measurements.
Enter the curve values from this chart into P054 and P055.
Ensure extra points are added around sharp transitions in the wet well volume (e.g:
as steps in the well wall).
Note: The end points in the curve are 0,0 (fixed) and the point defined by P007–Span
and P051–Maximum Volume.
Example Chart
FLOW
VOLUME (P055)
MAX VOLUME
P051
0,0
LEVEL (P054)
See table below for index values and descriptions
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 45
mmmmm
Volume
7ML19981FC01
Parameter Transducer Index Value Description
P054
1
0.0
0.8
2.0
3.5
4.1
4.7
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
6.0
7.2
9.0
0.0
2.1
4.0
5.6
5.9
6.3
6.7
7.1
7.8
8.2
8.8
9.2
10.9
13.0
15.0
Determines the Level breakpoints at
which the volumes are known.
Determines the volumes which
correspond to the level breakpoints.
The universal calculations interpret
between the breakpoints to produce
an accurate model of the volume at
all level readings.
Settings
P050 = 9 for linear approximation
P050 = 10 for curved approximation
Linear approximation uses a linear
algorithm; curved approximation
uses a cubic spline algorithm.
Volume
mmmmm
P055
1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Page 46
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Alarms
The level alarm is the most common. Use this alarm to warn you when your process is in
danger of being upset due to high or low levels.
Generally, the four alarms used are Hi, Hi Hi, Lo, and Lo Lo.
Set the Common Parameters
P006
hi hi
hi
P007
lo
lo lo
Prerequisite: You must know the details of your application and substitute the values for
the sample values provided. If you are bench testing the unit, then set your test values to
be the same as the sample values.
Parameter
Index
Value
P001
P002
P003
P004
P005
P006
P007
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
1
1
2
102
1
1.8
1.4
7ML19981FC01
Description
Operation = level
Material = liquid
Maximum Process Speed = medium
Transducer = XPS-10
Units = meters
Empty = 1.8m
Span = 1.4m
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 47
mmmmm
Alarms
Level
Setting Simple Level Alarms
Alarms
mmmmm
To set Relay Five to a standard level alarm (Hi Hi, Hi, Lo, Lo Lo) do the following:
Parameter Index Value Description
P111
5
1
•
Set P111, indexed to relay, to the value 1 for level
alarm
•
Press UNIT
symbol.
•
Press ARROW keys
to display the Auxiliary Function
as required to scroll
to the alarm designation ( , , , or ).
P112
P113
•
1.2m •
1.15m •
5
5
Press ENTER
to enter the value.
Set the ON setpoint
Set the OFF setpoint
Available designations:
Alarm
Designation
Hi Hi
Hi
Lo
Lo Lo
Rate
Rate alarms can trigger an alarm if the vessel is filling/emptying too quickly.
Setting a Filling Rate Alarm
Parameter
P111
P112
P113
Index
5
5
5
Value Description
4
1m
0.9m
These settings trip the alarm when the
reservoir is filling faster than 1.0m per minute
and reset it at 0.9m per minute.
Setting an Emptying Rate Alarm
Parameter
P111
P112
P113
Page 48
Index
Value
5
5
5
4
-10%
-5%
Description
These settings trip the alarm when the
reservoir is emptying faster than 10% of span
per minute and reset the alarm when
emptying falls to 5%.
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
In Bounds / Out of Bounds Range
Parameter
Index
Value
P111
P112
P113
P116
5
5
5
5
3
1.3
0.3
0.05
Results:
•
•
Trips alarm above 1.35m and below 0.25m
Resets alarm below 1.25m and above 0.35m
Setting an In Bounds Alarm
Parameter
Index
Value
P111
P112
P113
P116
5
5
5
5
2
1.3
0.3
0.05
Results:
•
•
Trips alarm below 1.25m and above 0.35m
Resets alarm above 1.35m and below 0.25m
Cable Fault
Activates an alarm if transducer cable circuit enters a shorted or opened state.
Parameter
Index
Value
P111
P110
5
5
7
1
Description
Alarm on transducer cable fault
Alarm on Transducer One
Temperature
Use the temperature alarm to activate an alarm when the temperature reaches the ON
setpoint (P112). This alarm uses the same setpoint parameters as the level alarms (P112
and P113).
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 49
mmmmm
Setting an Out of Bounds Alarm
Alarms
Use the bounded range alarms to detect when the level is inside or outside of the range.
By using a bounded range alarm, you can effectively put two level alarms (high and low)
on one relay.
With P112 and P113, you can set a high alarm (P112 > P113) or a low alarm (P112 < P113).
Alarms
mmmmm
This table shows a high alarm
Parameter
Index
Value
P111
P112
P113
P110
5
5
5
5
5
45
43
1
Description
Alarm on temperature
ON setpoint at 45 °C
OFF setpoint at 43 °C
Take the temperature reading from
Transducer One
The temperature source can be the temperature sensor built into the transducer or an
external TS-3, as set by P660.
Loss of Echo (LOE)
Page 50
Parameter
Index
Value
P110
P111
P070
5
5
G
1
6
0.5
Description
Alarm on LOE for Transducer One
Alarm on LOE
Trip alarm when 0.5 minutes (30 seconds)
pass without detecting a valid echo.
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Pump Control
Setting a Pump Down Group
Example: Sewage Wet Well
Setting a group of three pumps to pump down a wet well.
P006
Outflow
Inflow
P007
Set the Common Parameters
Prerequisite: Substitute the details of your application in place of the sample values
provided. If you are bench testing the unit, set your test values to be the same as the
sample values.
Parameter
Index
P001
P002
P003
P004
P005
P006
P007
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
7ML19981FC01
Value Description
1
1
2
102
1
1.8
1.4
Operation = level
Material = liquid
Maximum Process Speed = medium
Transducer = XPS-10
Units = meters
Empty = 1.8m
Span = 1.4m
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 51
mmmmm
Pump Control
HydroRanger
200
Set Relays to ALTERNATE DUTY ASSIST
Parameter
Index
P111
P111
P111
1
2
3
Value Description
52
52
52
Sets the pump relays (index 1, 2, and 3) to
ALTERNATE DUTY ASSIST.
Pump Control
mmmmm
Set the ON Setpoints
Parameter
Index
P112
P112
P112
1
2
3
Value Description
1.0m
1.1m
1.2m
Sets the three setpoints for the pump relays.
The first cycle will use these setpoints.
Subsequent cycles rotate the setpoints
among the pumps.
Set the OFF Setpoints
Parameter
Index
Value
P113
0
0.5m
Description
By using index 0 all six relays are set at the
same time, including any alarm relays. Use
with caution.
Setting a Pump Up (Reservoir) Group
Sets a group of three pumps to pump up a reservoir.
HydroRanger
P006
Inflow
P007
Outflow
Page 52
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Set the Common Parameters
Prerequisite: Substitute the details of your application in place of the sample values
provided. If you are bench testing the unit, set your test values to be the same as the
sample values.
Index
P001
P002
P003
P004
P005
P006
P007
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
Value Description
1
1
2
102
1
1.8
1.4
Operation = level
Material = liquid
Maximum Process Speed = medium
Transducer = XPS-10
Units = meters
Empty = 1.8m
Span = 1.4m
Parameter
Index
P111
P111
P111
1
2
3
Value Description
52
52
52
Sets the pump relays (index 1, 2, and 3) to
ALTERNATE DUTY ASSIST.
Set the Relay ON Setpoints
Parameter
Index
P112
P112
P112
1
2
3
Value Description
0.4m
0.3m
0.2m
Sets the three setpoints for the pump relays.
The first cycle will use these setpoints.
Subsequent cycles rotate the setpoints
among the pumps.
Description
Set the Relay OFF Setpoints
Parameter
Index
Value
P113
0
1.3m
By using index 0 all six relays are set at the
same time, including any alarm relays. Use
with caution.
For more information, see Appendix D: Pump Control Reference on page 227.
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 53
mmmmm
Set Relays to ALTERNATE DUTY ASSIST
Pump Control
Parameter
Other Pump Control Algorithms
Set Relays to ALTERNATE DUTY BACKUP
Parameter
Index
P111
P111
P111
1
2
3
Value Description
53
53
53
Sets the pump relays (index 1, 2, and 3) to
ALTERNATE DUTY BACKUP.
Pump Control
mmmmm
Set the Relay ON Setpoints
Parameter
Index
P112
P112
P112
1
2
3
Value Description
0.4m
0.3m
0.2m
Sets the three setpoints for the pump relays.
The first cycle will use these setpoints.
Subsequent cycles rotate the setpoints
among the pumps.
Set the Relay OFF Setpoints
Parameter
Index
Value
P113
0
1.3m
Description
By using index 0 all HydroRanger 200 are set
at the same time, including any alarm relays.
Use with caution.
Set Relays to FIXED DUTY ASSIST
Parameter
Index
P111
P111
P111
1
2
3
Value Description
50
50
50
Sets the pump relays (index 1, 2, and 3) to
FIXED DUTY ASSIST. Multiple pumps can run
simultaneously.
Set the Relay ON Setpoints
Parameter
Index
P112
P112
P112
1
2
3
Value Description
0.4m
0.3m
0.2m
Sets the three setpoints for the pump relays.
The first cycle will use these setpoints.
Subsequent cycles rotate the setpoints
among the pumps.
Set the Relay OFF Setpoints
Page 54
Parameter
Index
Value
P113
0
1.3m
Description
By using index 0 all HydroRanger 200 are set
at the same time, including any alarm relays.
Use with caution.
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Set Relays to FIXED DUTY BACKUP
Parameter
Index
P111
P111
P111
1
2
3
Value Description
51
51
51
Sets the pump relays (index 1, 2, and 3) to
FIXED DUTY BACKUP. Only one pump will
ever run at one time.
Set the Relay ON Setpoints
Index
P112
P112
P112
1
2
3
Value Description
0.4m
0.3m
0.2m
Sets the three setpoints for the pump relays.
The setpoints remain attached to the pump
relays.
Parameter
Index
Value
P113
0
1.3m
Description
By using index 0 all HydroRanger 200 are set
at the same time, including any alarm relays.
Use with caution.
Set Relays to ALTERNATE DUTY SERVICE
Parameter
Index
Value
P111
P111
P111
P122
P122
P122
1
2
3
1
2
3
54
54
54
25
50
25
Description
Sets the pump relays (index 1, 2, and 3) to
SERVICE RATIO DUTY ASSIST
Sets the ratio to: 25% – Pump One
50% – Pump Two
25% – Pump Three
Set the Relay ON Setpoints
Parameter
Index
P112
P112
P112
1
2
3
Value Description
0.4m
0.3m
0.2m
Sets the three setpoints for the pump relays.
The first cycle will use these setpoints.
Subsequent cycles rotate setpoints among
the pumps..
Set the Relay OFF Setpoints
Parameter
Index
Value
P113
0
1.3m
7ML19981FC01
Description
By using index 0 all HydroRanger 200 are set
at the same time, including any alarm relays.
Use with caution.
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 55
mmmmm
Set the Relay OFF Setpoints
Pump Control
Parameter
Set Relays to FIRST IN FIRST OUT (FIFO) ASSIST
Parameter
Index
P111
P111
P111
1
2
3
Value Description
56
56
56
Sets the pump relays (index 1, 2, and 3) to
FIFO DUTY ASSIST.
Pump Control
mmmmm
Set the Relay ON Setpoints
Parameter
Index
P112
P112
P112
1
2
3
Value Description
0.4m
0.3m
0.2m
Sets the three setpoints for the pump relays.
The first cycle will use these setpoints.
Subsequent cycles rotate the setpoints
among the pumps.
Set the Relay OFF Setpoints
Parameter
Index
Value
P113
0
1.3m
Description
By using index 0 all HydroRanger 200 are set
at the same time, including any alarm relays.
Use with caution.
Optional Pump Controls
Starting Pumps by Rate of Level Change
Use this function when multiple pumps will be controlled by rate of level change rather
than setpoints. Pumping costs can be reduced because only the highest ON setpoint
needs to be programmed. This results in a lower difference in head to the next wet well
which, in turn, results in less energy being used to pump out the well.
Page 56
Parameter
Index
P112
P112
P112
P113
P113
P113
P121
P121
P121
P132
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3
G
Value Description
1.35
1.35
1.35
0.5m
0.5m
0.5m
1
1
1
20.0
Starting pumps by rate allows all setpoints to
be set higher to save money by pumping from
the highest safe level of the wet well.
Notice that all indexed relays for both P112
and P113 are set to the same levels.
The pumps will start on 20 second intervals
until the rate set in P703 is met.
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
When the first ON setpoint is reached, the pumps will start, one by one, until the material
level rate of change is set at the same value or greater than the value in:
•
•
P703 – Emptying Indicator (pump down applications)
P702 – Filling Indicator (pump up applications)
Set delay between pump starts using P132 – Pump Start Delay.
Single Point Mode
•
Single Point Mode: one pump by rate control available that affects all pumps.
Notes:
Set all pump control relay ON and OFF setpoints to the same value
If the level is within 5% of Span (P007) of the OFF setpoint, then the next pump is
not started
Prerequisite: Set pump relays to a service ratio value (P111 = 54 or 55).
Parameter
Index
P122
P122
P122
1
2
3
Value Description
1
2
1
These values will start Pump Two 50% of the
time and Pumps One and Three each 25% of
the time.
Notes:
•
•
The HydroRanger 200 will not sacrifice other pumping strategies to ensure that the
ratio is held true
If the pump relays are set to the same value, then the ratio equals 1:1 and all pumps
are used equally (preset)
When more than one pump is assigned a Pump Service Ratio value (in any time units) and a
pump start is required (P112 Relay Setpoint ON), the pump with the fewest running hours (with
respect to the assigned ratio values) starts.
Conversely, when a pump stop is required (113 Relay Setpoint OFF), the pump with the
most running hours (as compared to the assigned ratio values) stops.
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 57
mmmmm
Rotating Pumps by Service Ratio
Pump Control
•
•
Totalizing Pumped Volume
Pump Control
mmmmm
Prerequisite: the volume of the vessel must be known.
Parameter
Index
P001
P002
P003
P004
P005
P006
P007
P050
P051
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
Value Description
7
1
2
102
1
1.8
1.4
1
17.6
P111
P111
P111
P112
P112
P112
P113
1
2
3
1
2
3
0
52
52
52
1.0
1.2
1.4
0.2
Operation = pumped volume
These parameters are as shown above.
Tank shape is Flat Bottom.
Max volume is 17.6m3 or 17,600 liters.
Sets relays 1, 2, and 3 as a pump group using
ALTERNATE DUTY ASSIST CONTROL.
Sets the ON setpoints for the pump group.
Sets the OFF setpoints for the pump group.
Set in RUN Mode
1.
Press PROGRAM
2.
Press TOGGLE
3.
Press AUXILIARY
for RUN mode.
to display pumped volume on the totalizer.
P
to display current level in the auxiliary reading area.
Setting Independent Failsafe Controls
Independent failsafe controls allow you to vary an individual relay from the global failsafe
controls programmed in P070 to P072.
Example:
The global failsafe controls are set to hold and Relay Five is set to trigger an alarm bell.
Page 58
Parameter
Index
P071
P129
G
5
Value Description
HOLd
dE
Keep level at last known value.
De-energize Relay Five, and trigger alarm.
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Setting a Pump to Run On
When you need to pump below the normal OFF setpoint, use P130 (Pump Run-On Interval)
and P131 (Pump Run-On Duration) to control this event.
Example:
The pump connected to Relay Three is set to pump for an extra 60 seconds every five
times it is triggered.
Index
P130
3
Value Description
5
P131
3
60
Wait for Relay Three to pump five times and
then run on.
Run on for 60 seconds.
Setting the Pump Start Delays
The pump start delay ensures that all of the pumps do not start at once to avoid power
surges. There are two parameters used here: P132–Pump Start Delay and P133–Pump
Power Resumption Delay. The default is 10 seconds but you can increase this if your
pumps take longer to spin up.
Example:
The delay between pumps is set to 20 seconds and the delay of the first pump is set to 30
seconds.
Parameter
Index
P132
G
Value Description
20
P133
G
30
Wait at least 20 seconds between pump
starts.
Wait for 30 seconds when power is restored.
Reducing Wall Cling
Use the Wall Cling parameter to randomly alter the ON and OFF setpoints over a range.
This eliminates the ridge of material that builds up at the setpoint that can give false
echoes.
This setting may increase the number of days between trips to clean the wet well.
Wall cling reduction is set by P136. The relay setpoints ON and OFF are randomly varied
inside a range so the material level does not stop at the same point.
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 59
mmmmm
Note: P130 counts when the indexed relay is tripped, not the number of pump cycles. If
the indexed relay only trips once every four pump cycles then the actual interval of the
run-on will be 20 pump cycles, or five cycles of Relay Three.
Pump Control
Parameter
Example :
A range of 0.5 meters is used to vary the setpoint. The randomly-selected setpoints are
always inside the ON and OFF setpoints.
Level Setpoint ON
Wall Cling Value
Pump Control
mmmmm
Random Setpoint
Range
Level Setpoint OFF
Grouping Pumps
You can group pumps and use the same pumping algorithm separately on each group. If
you specify different pumping algorithms then the pumps are already grouped by
algorithm and you do not need to use this parameter.
Group pumps only when four pumps are using the same algorithm and you want to split
them into two groups.
Example:
Pumps One and Two can operate as a group and Pumps Three and Four can operate as
another group.
Parameter
Index
P137
P137
P137
P137
1
2
3
4
Value Description
1
1
2
2
Groups Pumps One and Two
Groups Pumps Three and Four
Setting a Flush Valve
A flush valve stirs up the sediment on the bottom of the well during pumping so that it
doesn’t accumulate. These parameters will control any relays set with P111 = 64 (Flush
Valve).
Most sets of parameters will work with only one or two changes; however, for these
parameters to work, all of them must be set to a value.
Page 60
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Example:
The flush valve connects to Relay Four and the watched pump is on Relay One.
Parameter
Index
P170
P171
P172
P173
G
G
G
G
Value Description
1
3
10
120
Watch Relay One to count pump cycles.
Open the flush valve for 3 cycles.
Use the flush value every 10 cycles.
Open the flush valve for 120 seconds.
Relay Controlled by Communications
Parameter
Index
P111
5
Value Description
65
Sets Relay Five to communications control.
Tracking Pump Usage
You can find out how much an individual pump has been used by viewing the pump
records parameters.
Information Available
Parameter Access
Current RUN time
Total pump hours
Total pump starts
Total pump RUN on occurrences
P309
P310
P311
P312
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 61
mmmmm
Settings:
Pump Control
A relay can be controlled directly by a remote system through communications. No other
control schemes can then be used with a relay configured this way. Communications can
be used to force status of some control relays, such as pumps.
Rake (Screen) Control
Screens or rakes are mounted on the inflow channel of the wastewater treatment plant
to prevent debris from clogging the equipment.
When material builds up on the screen, a level differential is created, and the water level
is higher in front of the screen than behind it. When this differential reaches the
programmed setpoint, the HydroRanger 200 activates a relay to operate mechanical
rakes that clean the screen and ensure a steady flow.
Setting a Rake Control
Transducer
Two
Transducer
One
Rake (Screen) Control
Rake
Note: transducers may be mounted at variant heights.
Transducer[1]
Debris Conveyer
P006[1]
Transducer[2]
P006[2]
P007[1]
P007[2]
Flow
h[1]
Rake
Water Level
h[2]
Point Three: Level Distance = h[1] –h[2]
Page 62
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Setting the Common Parameters
Prerequisite: Substitute the details of your application in place of the sample values
provided. If you are bench testing the unit, set your test values to be the same as the
sample values.
Parameter
Index
P001
P002
P003
P004
P005
P006
G
G
1,2
1,2
G
1
2
1
2
P007
Value Description
4
1
2
102
1
1.8
2.2
1.4
1.4
Operation
Material
Max. Process Speed
Transducer
Units
Empty
Empty
Span
Span
= Differential
= liquid
= medium
= XPS-10
= meters
= 1.8m
= 2.2m
= 1.4m
= 1.4m
Set Relay 1 (Operate Rake)
Index
Value
P110
P111
P112
P113
1
1
1
1
3
50
0.4
0.1
Description
Starts the rake when the difference between the
two levels rises above 0.4m and stop the rake
when the difference falls below 0.1m.
P110
2
1
P110
P111
P112
P113
P110
P111
P112
P113
P110
P111
P112
P113
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
1
1
1.3
1.2
2
1
0.2
0.4
3
1
1.0
0.9
7ML19981FC01
Description
Sets Relay Two as a high level alarm for
Transducer One with an ON setpoint of 1.3m
and an OFF setpoint of 1.2m.
Sets Relay Three as a low level alarm for
Transducer Two with an ON setpoint of 0.2m
and an OFF setpoint of 0.4m.
Sets Relay Four as a rake failure alarm as it
uses the differential level point (3) with an
ON setpoint of 1.0m and an OFF setpoint of
0.9m.
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 63
mmmmm
Set Relays 2 to 4 (Level Alarms)
Rake (Screen) Control
Parameter
External Totalizers and Flow Samplers
External totalizers are simple counters which count the number of relay clicks produced
by the HydroRanger 200. This is generally used to keep track of OCM or pumped volume
totals. Note that both of these values are also stored in the HydroRanger 200 and are
available through communications.
Flow samplers are devices which take a sample of liquid when triggered by a relay click.
These samples are used to monitor water quality over time. Flow samplers can be driven
by OCM volume or by relay click volume settings depending on the application
requirements.
Relay Contacts
Pumped volume is calculated at the end of the pump cycle. Totalized volume given
through a relay set up for totalizer (P111[r]=40) will be given in bursts at this time.
Both the open and closed times for the relay contact are provided by P645 and are preset
to 0.2 seconds. Partial units are added to the next pump cycle.
Example
Shows a relay set up to make one contact for every cubic metre (m3) of liquid.
P645
mmmmm
External Totalizers and
Flow Samplers
P645
4m3
2m3
2m3
3m3
1m3
Pump Cycle
Totalizer
To set the totalizer to provide relay contact to an external counter, use the following:
Counter Formula
P640
1 Contact per 10
Page 64
units
P640 is preset to 0 so the default number of
contacts for a pumped volume cycle is
equivalent to the number of volume units.
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
The source of units depends on the operation:
Operation
OCM (P001=6)
Pumped Volume (P001=7)
Units Source Parameter
P604–Maximum Flow, or P608–Flowrate Units
P051–Max Volume
Flow Sampler
Based on Volume and Time
To trigger a flow sampler relay based on flow, use P111[r]=41 and set the other
parameters:
Counter Formula
1 Contact per P641 x 10P642 units
Operation
Units Source Parameter
OCM (P001=6)
P604 – Maximum Flow, or P608 – Flowrate Units
By using a mantissa (P641) and an exponent (P642), the relay contacts can be based on a
volume other than a multiple of ten.
During the periods of low flow, the sampler may be idle for lengths of time. Program P115
to a time interval in hours to drive the sampler. The sampler will operate based on the
volume of flow or the time interval, whichever comes first.
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 65
mmmmm
External Totalizers and
Flow Samplers
7ML19981FC01
Open Channel Monitoring (OCM)
An OCM installation is defined one of three ways, based on the Primary Measuring
Device (PMD):
1.
Dimensional (P600 = 2,3,6,7)
For some common weir and flume types. PMD dimensions (P602) are entered directly.
•
•
•
•
BS-3680 / ISO 1438/1 Thin plate V notch weir on page 68
BS-3680 / ISO 4359 Rectangular Flume on page 69
Palmer Bowlus Flume on page 70
H Flume on page 71
2.
Exponential (P600 = 1)
For most other weir and flume types. PMD exponents provided by the manufacturer are
entered. Flow is calculated using the exponent (P601) and the maximum values (P603 and
P604).
•
•
•
•
Standard Weirs on page 72
Parshall Flume on page 73
Leoplod Lagco on page 74
Cut Throat Flume on page 75
3.
Universal (P600 = 4,5)
For all other PMDs, the head-to-flow curve can be plotted based on known breakpoints,
usually supplied by the PMD manufacturer.
•
•
•
Typical Flow Characterization on page 76
Example Flumes on page 77
Example Weirs on page 77
Common Parameters
Open Channel Monitoring
mmmm
m
These Quick Start parameters are required for all installations.
Page 66
Parameter
Index
P001
P002
P003
P004
P005
P006
P007
P801
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
Value Description
6
1
2
102
1
1.8
1.0
0.8
Operation
= OCM
Material
= liquid
Max. Process Speed = medium
Transducer
= XPS-10
Units
= meters
Empty
= 1.8m
Span
= 1.4m
Range Extension to avoid LOE
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Setting Zero Head
Many PMDs start flowing higher than the traditional empty distance of the application.
You can account for the flow in one of two ways:
1.
Use P605 (Zero Head) to have OCM calculations ignore levels below that value.
Possible head = P007 – P605.
Note: P603 (Max. Head) is preset to P007 and is not updated when P605 is used. Make
sure you set P603 to the correct value when using P605.
P006
P603
P007
2.
P605
Use P801 Range Extension where the Empty level is set to the bottom of the weir,
and above the bottom of the channel. It should be used if the surface monitored can
fall past the Empty (P006) level in normal operation without reporting an LOE. The
value is added to Empty (P006) and can be greater than the range of the transducer.
P007
P603
P006
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 67
mmmmm
The examples on the following pages show both methods.
Open Channel Monitoring
P801
Setting Totalized Volume
To display the totalized volume on the LCD use the following parameters:
Parameter
Index
P737
G
Value Description
2
Show the eight digit totalizer in the primary
display
Applications Supported by HydroRanger 200
BS-3680 / ISO 1438/1 Thin plate V notch weir
Front View
Side View
Transducer
notch angle
P006
P603
P007
P602
P801
4 to 5 x hmax (hmax = P007)
Open Channel Monitoring
mmmm
m
Plan View
Page 68
Parameter
Index
P600
P602
(view only)
P603
P801
P608
G
1
2
G
G
G
Value
7–ISO 1438/1 V Notch Weir
Notch angle
Discharge coefficient (Ce)
Maximum Head (preset to P007)
Range Extension
Flowrate Units
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
BS-3680 / ISO 4359 Rectangular Flume
Diagonal View
h
Plan View
4 to 5 x hmax (hmax = P007)
L
Flow
Front View
Side View
Transducer
P006
h
Flow
P605 (p)
G
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
G
G
(view only)
(view only)
(view only)
P605
P608
7ML19981FC01
Value
6–ISO 4359 Rectangular Flume
Approach width (B)
Throat width (b)
Hump Height (p)
Throat length (L)
Velocity coefficient (Cv)
Discharge coefficient (Cd)
Cross sectional area
Zero Head
Flowrate Units
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 69
mmmmm
Index
P600
P602
Open Channel Monitoring
Parameter
Palmer Bowlus Flume
Plan View
Flow
Front View
D/2, point of
measurement
Transducer
Side View
P006
P007
P603
P605
Parameter
Index
P600
P602
P603
P604
P605
P606
G
1
G
G
G
G
Value
2–Palmer Bowlus Flume
Flume width (D)
Maximum Head (preset = P007)
Maximum Flow
Zero Head
Time Units
Open Channel Monitoring
mmmm
m
Application Information
•
•
•
•
•
Page 70
Sized by pipe diameter D
Flume relief is trapezoidal
Designed to install directly into pipelines and manholes
Head is referenced to bottom of the throat, not bottom of the pipe
For rated flows under free flow conditions, the head is measured at a distance of
D/2 upstream from the beginning of the converging section
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
H Flume
Transducer
Flow
Point of Measurement
Plan View
P006
P007
D
Front View
•
•
•
•
Parameter
Index
P600
P602
P603
P604
P606
G
1
G
G
G
Value
3–H Flume
Flume height (D)
Maximum Head (preset = P007)
Maximum Flow
Time Units
Sized by maximum depth of flume
Approach is preferably rectangular, matching width and depth for distance 3 to 5
times the depth of the flume
May be installed in channels under partial submergence (ratio of downstream level
to head). Typical errors are:
• 1% @ 30% submergence
• 3% @ 50% submergence
For rated flows under free flow conditions, the head is measured at a point
downstream from the flume entrance
Flume Size
(Diameter in feet)
Point of Measurement
cm
inches
5
7
9
14
18
23
28
41
1¾
2¾
3¾
5½
7¼
9
10¾
16¼
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 71
mmmmm
H flumes come with a flat or sloping floor. The same flow table can be used because
error is less than 1%.
Open Channel Monitoring
0.5
0.75
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
4.5
•
Side View
PMDs with Exponential Flow to Head Function
For Primary Measuring Devices (PMDs) that measure flow by an exponential equation,
use these parameters. Ensure that you use the correct exponent for your PMD; the values
below are samples only.
Standard Weirs
Transducer
3 to 4
hmax
h
Weir Profile
Applicable Weir Profiles
Open Channel Monitoring
mmmm
m
V-notch or
triangular
suppressed
rectangular
Parameter
Index
P600
P601
G
G
P603
P604
P606
P801
G
G
G
G
1.
Page 72
cipolleti or
trapezoidal
sutro or
proportional
Value
1 - Exponential Function
Weir Type
V-notch
Suppressed rectangular
Cipolletti or trapezoidal
Sutro or proportional
Maximum Head
Maximum Flow
Time Units
Range Extension
Value1
2.50
1.50
1.50
1.00
Values are samples only. Consult weir manufacturer’s documentation for
correct flow exponent.
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Non-Applicable Weir Profiles
contracted
rectangular
compound
Poebing
approximate
exponential
Flows through these weirs can be measured using the Universal Flow Calculation P600 =
4 or 5. See Universal Calculation Support on page 76.
Parshall Flume
Note: C = Converging Dimension.
Plan View
C
2/
3
C
Flow
Front View
Side View
Transducer
P006
Application Information
•
•
•
Sized by throat width
Set on solid foundation
For rated flows under free flow conditions, the head is measured at 2/3 the length of
the converging section from the beginning of the throat section
7ML19981FC01
Index Value
G
G
G
G
G
1–Parshall Flume
1.22–1.607 (consult your flume documentation)
Maximum Head
Maximum Flow (Q)
Time Units
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 73
mmmmm
P600
P601
P603
P604
P606
Open Channel Monitoring
Parameter
Leopold Lagco Flume
Plan View
Throat
Front View
Converging
Diverging
Transducer
Point of Measurement
Side View
0
Head
Parameter
Index
P600
P601
P603
P604
P605
P606
G
G
G
G
G
G
Value
1–Leopold Lagco Flume
1.55
Maximum Head (preset P007)
Maximum Flow
Zero Head
Time Units
Application Information
Open Channel Monitoring
mmmm
m
•
•
•
•
Page 74
Designed to be installed directly into pipelines and manholes
Leopold Lagco may be classed as a rectangular Palmer-Bowlus flume
Sized by pipe (sewer) diameter
For rated flows under free flow conditions, the head is measured at a point
upstream referenced to the beginning of the converging section. Refer to the
following table:
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Flume Size
(pipe diameter in inches)
Point of Measurement
cm
inches
4-12
15
18
21
24
30
42
48
54
60
66
72
2.5
3.2
4.4
5.1
6.4
7.6
8.9
10.2
11.4
12.7
14.0
15.2
1
1¼
1¾
2
2½
3
3½
4
4½
5
5½
6
Cut Throat Flume
Plan View
Application Information
•
•
Similar to Parshall flume except that the floor is flat bottomed and throat has no
virtual length.
Refer to manufacturer’s specifications for flow equation and point of head
measurement.
G
G
G
G
G
7ML19981FC01
Value
1–Cut Throat Flume
1.55
Maximum Head (preset P007)
Maximum Flow
Time Units
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 75
mmmmm
Index
P600
P601
P603
P604
P606
Open Channel Monitoring
Parameter
Universal Calculation Support
When the primary measuring device (PMD) doesn’t fit one of the standard types, it can
be programmed using a universal characterization. When Universal is selected as the
PMD type (P600), then both P610 and P611 must be entered to define the flow.
Two curve types are supported:
•
•
P600 = 4–linear (piece wise linear)
P600 = 5–curved (cubic spline)
Both are shown in the following chart.
Typical Flow Characterization
Flow (P611)
Maximums (P603, P604)
Linear
Curved
Head (P610)
Characterization is achieved by entering the head (P610) and corresponding flow (P611),
either from empirical measurement or from the manufacturer's specification. Increasing
the number of defined breakpoints will increase the accuracy of the flow measurement.
Breakpoints should be concentrated in areas exhibiting the higher degrees of non linear
flow. A maximum of 32 breakpoints can be defined. The curve’s end point is always
specified by the parameters Maximum Head (P603) and Maximum Flow (P604) for a
maximum total of 32 breakpoints.
Head Breakpoints
Max. Head
Zero Flow
Zero Head
Open Channel Monitoring
mmmm
m
Flow Breakpoints
Max. Flow
Use as many breakpoints as required by the complexity of your PMD.
See Volume on page 44 for more information and parameters P610 and P611 for
characterization.
Page 76
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Example Flumes
These example flumes would both require a universal calculation.
Trapezoidal
Dual Range (nested) Parshall
Example Weirs
These weirs could require universal calculation.
Poebing
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
approximate
exponential
Page 77
mmmmm
7ML19981FC01
compound
Open Channel Monitoring
contracted
rectangular
Open Channel Monitoring
mmmm
m
Notes
Page 78
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Simulation
In simulation mode, the LCD display reacts to the simulated level changes. Alarm relays
will also react to the simulation, but any pump or control relays will not react.
To allow pump or control relays to operate on the simulated level, set P000 to –1.
Simulating a Single Measurement
Access the appropriate parameter: (press PROGRAM
and then key in the parameter
number). Press TRANSDUCER
five times to overcome Echo Lock (P711) if applicable:
the associated Reading is displayed in the Parameter Value field, and any alarm relays
are set accordingly.
To verify Reading calculations (P920 to P926)
1.
2.
3.
4.
Key in a material level in Units (P005) or % of Span (P007).
Press ENTER
: the calculated Reading is displayed.
Verify the calculated Reading.
To start a simulation from the level entered, press ARROW
or
.
Simulating a Level Cycle
To start a (P920, P921, P922, or P923) simulation when level = 0:
Press ENTER
to simulate level rise and fall. At the start of a simulation, the default
rate is 1% of Span / second. Press the ARROW
or
to adjust the simulated rate of
rise or fall. The maximum rate is 4% of Span / second.
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 79
mmmmm
After programming the unit, you must test the device to ensure that it performs to your
specifications. This test can be run in simulation mode or by varying the level in the
application. The latter is preferred as it more accurately represents running conditions.
However, if it is not possible to do a physical test, a simulation will ensure that control
programming is correct.
Testing the Configuration
Testing the Configuration
Testing the Configuration
mmmmm
The effect of the ARROW key is determined by the state (rate of rise or fall) immediately
before the key is pressed.
Action
Press
Press
State (prior to pressing key)
Effect
Stop
Rise at 1% of Span / second
Rise at 1% of Span / second
Rise at 4% of Span / second (max.)
Rise at 4% of Span / second (max.)
No effect
Fall at 1% of Span / second
Stop
Fall at 4% of Span / second
Fall at 1% of Span / second
Stop
Fall at 1% of Span / second
Rise at 1% of Span / second
Stop
Rise at 4% of Span / second (max.)
Rise at 1% of Span / second
Fall at 1% of Span / second
Fall at 4% of Span / second (max.)
Fall at 4% of Span / second (max.)
No effect
When the level rises to 100% or falls to 0%, it reverses direction at the same rate.
Checking Volume Characterization
To confirm universal volume calculations (P050 = 9, 10) are correct:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Go to P920
Key in a level associated with a known volume
Press ENTER
Check the returned volume against the manufacturer’s chart
Change parameters P054 and P055, as required
Repeat steps 2 to 5 until the volume curve is verified
Checking OCM Flow Characterization
To confirm universal flow calculations (P600 = 4, 5) are accurate:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Page 80
Go to P925
Enter a level with a known flow
Press ENTER
Check the returned flow against the manufacturer’s chart
Change parameters P610 and P611, as required
Repeat steps 2 to 5 until the flow curve is verified
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
After you have installed the unit, we recommend that you perform a test to verify the
wiring.
Use P119 to force a state change and verify that the results are as expected (pump starts,
alarm sounds, etc.).
Discrete Inputs
Use P270 to force the input value and verify that the results are as expected.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Go to P270 [DI] where DI = the discrete input to be tested
Set P270 to 0 (forced OFF)
Go to P275 [DI] to verify that the value is forced
Check the state of outputs to ensure that they respond as expected
Go to P270 [DI]
Set P270 to 1 (forced ON)
Go to P275 [DI] to verify that the value is forced
Check the state of outputs to ensure that they respond as expected
mA Input
Use P254 to test the mA input value against a true level. Use a trusted external mA source
to generate the signal required for testing, and verify the incoming signal with P260.
Check that the system responds as expected when the mA level is changed.
mA Output
Use an external device to test the mA output against the measured level. Check that the
mA value changes to reflect the changes in the measured level.
Application Test
If you are testing the application by varying the material level, (the preferred test method,)
make sure that none of the control devices is connected (or at least that no power is
available to them).
If you are testing the application in simulation mode (and P000 is not –1), then control
relays are not energized and the control devices can remain connected.
While the level is being cycled, check the results of the discrete inputs either by closing
the circuit externally (preferred) or by using P270 Discrete Input Function to force the
input ON or OFF. Try all possible combinations to thoroughly test the setup. For each
combination, run a complete cycle to verify that the relays operate as expected.
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 81
mmmmm
Relays
Testing the Configuration
I/O Checkout
Testing the Configuration
mmmmm
Monitor system performance carefully, under all anticipated operating conditions.
1.
When the HydroRanger 200 performs exactly as required, programming is complete.
2.
If alternate Reading units, Failsafe action, or relay operation is desired, update the
parameters for the new functionality.
3.
If the system performance experiences problems, seeGeneral Appendix C:
Troubleshooting, on page 218.
If you cannot observe all possible operating conditions during the System Performance
Evaluation, use the level simulation (see page 79) to verify programming.
When a simulation is run, alarm relays will react to the simulated level changes, but
control relays will not react. You can set P000 to value –1 to trigger the control relays
based on the simulated level.
Retest the system every time any control parameters are adjusted.
Page 82
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 Communications
HydroRanger 200 Communication Systems
The HydroRanger 200 is an integrated level controller capable of communicating process
information to a Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system, via a serial
device such as a radio modem, leased line, or dial-up modem.
HydroRanger 200
The standard HydroRanger 200 supports the following two communication protocols:
Modbus
Modbus is an industry standard protocol used by SCADA and HMI systems. The
HydroRanger 200 uses Modbus to communicate via the RS-485 port. For a description of
the Modbus protocol, contact your local Schneider representative.
Dolphin
Dolphin is a proprietary Milltronics protocol designed to be used with Dolphin Plus. For
more information on Dolphin Plus or to obtain a copy of the software, please go to
www.milltronics.com to contact your Siemens Milltronics representative.
Optional SmartLinx®Cards
The standard HydroRanger 200 unit may also be enhanced with Milltronics SmartLinx®
communication modules that provide an interface to popular industrial communication
systems.
This manual only describes the built-in communications. For more information on
SmartLinx, please consult the appropriate SmartLinx manual.
7ML19981FCO1
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 83
mmmmm
Communications
Connection via radio modem, dial-up modem, or leased line modem
Communication Systems
Communications
mmmmm
The HydroRanger 200 is capable of communicating with most SCADA systems, PLCs, and
PCs. The supported protocols are:
•
Modbus RTU/ASCII – base unit on RS-232 or RS-485 transport
•
Profibus-DP – optional SmartLinx® module
•
Remote I/O – optional SmartLinx module
•
DeviceNet – optional SmartLinx module
Communication Ports
The HydroRanger 200 comes with two communication ports on the base unit.
Port
Connection
Location
Interface
1
2
RJ-11 connector
terminal block
inside enclosure on main board
terminal block
RS-232
RS-485
RS-232
The RJ-11 jack connects to a laptop computer for the following:
•
•
•
•
initial setup
configuration
troubleshooting
periodic maintenance
RS-485
The RS-485 port on the terminal blocks connects into industrial communications wiring
and has the following advantages:
•
•
runs communications cable farther
allows multiple slave units on the network, addressed by P771 – Network Address
Modbus
The Modbus protocol is supported in the base unit and can be configured using the
Communications parameters P770 to P782.
To set up communications with a Modbus RTU master device on port 2 using RS-485, set
the following parameters:
Page 84
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FCO1
Parameter
P770
P771
P772
P773
P774
P775
P778
P782
Index
Value
2
3
2
1
2
9.6
2
0
2
8
2
1
2
0
2
0
Description
Modbus RTU slave
Network address, only used for RS-485
Data rate of 9600 baud
No parity, common setting
8 data bits, common setting
1 stop bit, common setting
No modem connected
Index parameter values globally
Dolphin Plus
Dolphin Plus software makes it easy to record and compare parameter sets for all the
HydroRangers in your company. Dolphin Plus uses a proprietary protocol called Dolphin
to communicate with Milltronics instruments. This protocol is set when P770 = 1.
By default the settings for port 1 (RJ-11 connection) and Dolphin Plus match. These
settings are:
Parameter
P700
P772
P773
P774
P775
7ML19981FCO1
Index
Value
1
1
1
1
1
1
115.2
0
8
1
Description
Dolphin
Data rate of 115.2 Kilo baud
No parity, common setting
8 data bits, common setting
1 stop bit, common setting
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 85
mmmmm
Other protocols are available through optional SmartLinx communications modules.
Details on how to install and program these modules are contained in the SmartLinx
documentation.
Communications
SmartLinx
Communications Installation
Wiring Guidelines
•
•
•
•
the RJ-11 cable maximum length is 3 meters
RS-485 maximum length is 1,200 meters (4,000 feet)
use 24 AWG (minimum)
use good quality communication grade (shielded twisted pairs) cable that is
recommended for RS-485 for port 2 (Belden 9842)
run the communication cable separately from power and control cables (do not tie
wrap your RS-232 or RS-485 cable to the power cable or have them in the same
conduit)
use shielded cable and connect to ground at one end only
follow proper grounding guidelines for all devices on the bus
•
•
•
Communications Installation
mmmmm
Note: Improper wiring and incorrect choice of cables are the two most common
causes of communication problems.
Ports 1 and 2
Port
Wall Mount
1
RS-232 port (RJ-11 modular telephone jack) is on the motherboard and is
generally used with a laptop computer or modem.
Connections for the RS-485 port are on the terminal block.
2
Ports 1 and 2: RS-232 RJ-11 Jack and RS-485 Locations
The RJ-11 jack and the RS-485 port are inside the enclosure of the unit.
RJ-11 Jack
TB1
TB2
L2/N L1
2
TB3
SYNC
1
mA INPUT
SHIELD
RELAY 1
RELAY 2
1
4 - 20 mA
OUTPUTS
2
RELAY 3
TS-3
SHIELD
1
RELAY 4
DISCRETE
INPUTS
2
RELAY 5
COM
RELAY 6
RS485
A
RS-485 Port
B
Page 86
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FCO1
Port 1: RS-232 RJ-11 Jack
To connect the unit to a PC using an RS-232 jack, use the cable as shown:
RJ-11 to DB 9 converter
TX
4
RG
3
SG
2
6
5
4
3
2
1
4
6
7
8
RX
5
TG
3
SG
2
6
5
4
3
2
1
6
6
1
6
1
1
6
1
RJ-11 jack
Modular cable with RJ-11 plug
RJ-11 on
HydroRanger 200
Computer
DB-9 (male)
Note: Jumper pins 4-6 and 7-8 at the DB-9.
To connect the unit to a modem using an RS-232 jack:
5
2 Rx
3
3 Tx
2
Converter:
RS-232 to
RS-485
COM
A
B
Port 2: RS-485
HydroRanger 200
Terminal Block
(Shield to be grounded at one end)
C A B
O
M
7ML19981FCO1
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 87
mmmmm
DB 9
5
Communications Installation
Modem
DB 9
HydroRanger 200
Terminal Block
To connect the unit to a modem using an RS-485 port:
COM
Modem
HydroRanger 200
Terminal Block
A
B
Configuring Communication Ports (Parameters)
The 11 parameters listed are indexed to the two communication ports, unless otherwise
noted: An asterisk (*) identifies the preset value.
Port
1
2
Description
RS-232 port (RJ-11 modular telephone)
The RS-485 port is on the terminal blocks
Communications Installation
mmmmm
P770 Port Protocol
The communications protocol used between the HydroRanger 200 and other devices.
Communications Port
Primary Index
0
Communications port disabled
1
Values
*
2
Milltronics Dolphin protocol (preset for port 1)
Modbus ASCII slave serial protocol
3
*
Modbus RTU slave serial protocol (preset for port 2)
The HydroRanger 200 supports the Milltronics Dolphin format (see www.milltronics.com),
and the internationally recognized Modbus standard in both ASCII and RTU formats.
Other protocols are available with optional SmartLinx cards.
P771 Network Address
The unique identifier of the HydroRanger 200 on the network.
Primary Index
Communications Port
Values
Range: 0 to 9999
1
*
Preset
For devices connected with the Milltronics protocol, this parameter is ignored. For
devices connected with a serial Modbus slave protocol, this parameter is a number from
1-247. The network administrator must ensure that all devices on the network have
unique addresses. Do not use the value 0 for Modbus communications as this is the
broadcast address and is inappropriate for a slave device.
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P772 Baud Rate
The communication rate with the master device.
Primary Index
Communications Port
Values
4.8
4800 baud
9.6
9600 baud
19.2
*
19,200 baud (preset for port 2)
115.2
*
115,200 baud (preset for port 1)
This specifies the rate of communication in Kbaud. Any value may be entered, but the
only values supported are those shown above. The baud rate should reflect the speed of
the connected hardware and protocol used.
P773 Parity
The serial port parity.
Primary Index
Communications Port
*
No Parity
1
Odd Parity
2
Even Parity
P774 Data Bits
The number of data bits per character.
Primary Index
Communications Port
Range: 5 to 8
Values
8
*
Modbus RTU
7 or 8
Modbus ASCII
7 or 8
Dolphin Plus
P775 Stop Bits
The number of bits between the data bits.
Primary Index
Communications Port
Values
Range: 1 or 2
1
7ML19981FCO1
*
Preset
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Ensure that the communications parameters are identical between the HydroRanger 200
and all connected devices, as many modems default to N-8-1.
Communications Installation
0
Values
P778 Modem Available
Sets the HydroRanger 200 to use an external modem.
Primary Index
Communications Port
0
Values
*
1
No modem connected
Answer only
P779 Modem Inactivity Timeout
Sets the time that the unit will keep the modem connected with no activity.
Primary Index
Communications Port
Values
Range: 0-9999 seconds
Communications Installation
mmmmm
0
*
No timeout
To use this parameter, ensure that P778 (Modem Available) =1. Ensure that the value is
low enough to avoid unnecessary delays when an unexpected disconnect occurs but
long enough to avoid timeout while you are still legitimately connected. This parameter
value is ignored by the Modbus Master Drivers as they automatically disconnect when
done communicating.
Hanging Up
If the line is idle and the P779 Modem Inactivity Timeout expires, then the modem is
directed to hang up the line. Ensure that P779 is set longer than the standard polling time
of the connected master device. Set P779 to 0 to disable the inactivity timer.
P782 Parameter Index Location
Determines where index information is stored for the parameter access area for the
Modbus register map.
Primary Index
Values
Global
0
1
*
Global
Parameter-Specific
For more on Parameter Index Location, see Parameter Access on page 95.
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Modbus Register Map
Features affecting volume, mA input, and Average or Difference readings apply to the
HydroRanger 200 only. They are clearly marked.
The memory map of the HydroRanger 200 occupies the Modbus holding registers
(R40,001 and up). This map is used when the protocol is Modbus RTU slave or Modbus
ASCII slave.
Register Map for Most Common Data
Legend
Type
The type of data held in the group of registers.
Start
The first register to hold the referenced data.
Data Type
The possible values of the data in the register. See Data Types on page
101 for more information.
Description
The type of data held in the individual registers.
#R
The number of registers used for the referenced data.
Read/Write
Indicates whether the register is readable, writeable or both.
Type
Description
Word Order
R/W
R/W
1
0/1 = P782
Milltronics Product
Code
40,064
1
4 = Model 200
6 = Model 100
7
R
see Comms Appendix A on page 108
Reading (3)2
41,010
2
-20,000 to 20,000
R
Volume (2)
41,020
2
-20,000 to 20,000
R
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Maximum registers shown; fewer may be used depending on options installed.
Available as reading 1, reading 2, and Average or Difference. Point 2 and 3 are only
available if P001 = Average or Difference.
Modbus Register Types
Point
Data
R40,090
Read/
Write
0/1
40,063
Single Parameter Access (SPA)
2.
40,062
Data Type
Map ID Register Map Type
ID
1.
#R 1
Start
Type
Point
Data
I/O
Pump
Control
Description
Start
Temperature (2)
41,030
Discrete Inputs (2)
41,070
Relay Outputs (3 or
6)
41,080
mA Input (1)
41,090
mA Output (2)
41,110
2
1
1
Data Type
Read/
Write
–50 to 150
R
Bit Mapped
R
Bit Mapped
R/W
1
0000 to
20,000
R
2
0000 to
20,000
R/W
Pump on Setpoint (3 41,420
or 6)
6
0000 to
10,000
R/W
Pump off Setpoint (3 41,430
or 6)
6
0000 to
10,000
R/W
UINT32
R
12
UINT32
R
6
0000 to
10,000
R
Pumped Volume (2) 41,440
Pump Hours (3 or 6) 41,450
Pump Starts (3 or 6) 41,470
Parameter Access
1.
#R 1
4
43,998 to 46999
R/W
Maximum registers shown; fewer may be used depending on options installed.
Modbus Register Types
mmmmm
The HydroRanger 200 was designed to make it easy for master devices to get useful
information via Modbus. This chart gives an overview of the different sections. A more
detailed explanation of each section follows below.
Word Order (R40,062)
This determines the format of unsigned, double-register integers (UINT32).
0 indicates that the most significant word (MSW) is given first
1 indicates that the least significant word (LSW) is given first
See Unsigned Double Precision Integer (UINT32) on page 101 for more information.
Note: Additional information is available from our Web site at www.milltronics.com
Map ID (R40,063)
This value identifies the register map used by the HydroRanger 200. See P782 Parameter
Index Location on page 90 and see theParameter Reference section on page 111 for
details.
See also Parameter Access (R43,998 – R46,999) on page 95 for details.
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Product ID (R40,064)
Identifying Milltronics device type:
Device Type
Value
HydroRanger 200
4
Point Data (R41,010 – R41,031)
Measurement point data contain the current instrument readings. These are the values
shown for the reading measurement for each measurement point. The reading is based
on the setting for P001 (operation). P001 can be set to level, distance, OCM flow, or
volume. See HydroRanger 200 Parameter Reference section on page 113 for details.
The measurement registers are 41,010 to 41,012. The HydroRanger 200 uses 41,010 when
configured with a single transducer and 41,010 to 41,012 when configured with two
transducers (P111=4 or 5 only). Two transducers can create three readings because they
can generate an average or differential reading (R41,012) as well as the two level
readings (R41,010 and R41,011).
Available Registers:
Data
Registers
Parameter
Reading
41,010 to 41,012
P920
Volume
41,020, 41,021
P924
Temperature
41,030 and 41,031
P912
The reading is expressed as a percentage of full scale, multiplied by 100:
Value
0.00%
5000
50.00%
7564
75.64%
20,000
200.00%
Input/Output (R41,070 – R41,143)
The HydroRanger 200 has discrete inputs, mA inputs, mA outputs and relay outputs.
Details for each I/O type below..
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0
Modbus Register Types
Reading
Discrete Inputs (R41,070)
This table shows the current status of the discrete inputs. Only register 41,070 is used.
Discrete Input
Data Address
1
41,070, bit 1
2
41,070, bit 2
Relay Outputs (R41,080)
This table shows the current status of the relays. A reading of 0 means that the relay
function is not asserted and a 1 means that it is asserted. For example, a 1 for a pump
relay means that the pump is running.
Relay
Data Address
1
41,080, bit 1
2
41,080, bit 2
3
41,080, bit 3
4
41,080, bit 4
5
41,080, bit 5
6
41,080, bit 6
Values are written to control a relay only if the Relay Control Function (P111) is set to
communications (65). See Relay Function Codes (P111 Only) on page 104.
mA Input (R41,090)
Modbus Register Types
mmmmm
The mA input is scaled from 0 to 2,000 (0 to 20 mA multiplied by 100). P254 displays the
value of the input. This parameter is indexed by the input number.
mA Output (R41,110-41,111)
The mA output is scaled from 0 to 2,000 (0 to 20 mA multiplied by 100). Displayed in P911.
Pump Control (R41,400 – R41,474)
Only relays set for pump control (P111 = 50 to 52) are available. These registers have no
effect on relays programmed for other uses.
Pump ON Setpoint (R41,420 – R41,425)
The ON setpoint level (P112) for the referenced pump relay.
The setpoint is scaled from 0 to 10,000 (0 to 100% of span multiplied by 100). So 54.02% is
shown in the register as 5402.
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Pump OFF Setpoint (R41,430 – R41,435)
The OFF setpoint level (P113) for the referenced pump relay.
The setpoint is scaled from 0 to 10,000 (0 to 100% of span multiplied by 100). So 54.02% is
shown in the register as 5402.
Pumped Volume (R41,440 – R41,443)
The pumped volume registers hold the current total for all of the pumps associated
with a level point. These registers are available only if operation is set to pumped
volume (P001 = 7).
These volumes can become very large. Therefore, two registers are used to hold the
value. See Unsigned Double Precision Integer (UINT32) on page 101 for more information.
The value in the registers is given as an integer value but must be interpreted as having
the number of decimals set in P633 (LCD Totalized Decimal Position): this number can be 0
to 3. Ensure that your software accounts for these decimal places before you report the
pumped volume totals.
Pump Hours (R41,450 – R41,461)
The number of running hours for the referenced pump relay. The hours are given to three
decimal places, so the integer must be divided by 1000 to get the correct value. For
example 12,340 represents 12.34 hours.
This value comes from parameter P310. See page 149 of the Parameter Reference section
for details.
Pump Starts (R41,470 – R41,475)
This value comes from parameter P311. See page 149 of the Parameter Reference section
for details.
Parameter values are given as integers in the range of registers from R44,000 to R44,999.
The last three numbers of the register correspond to the parameter number.
Parameter Register #
Format Register #
Parameter #
44,000
46,000
P000
44,001
46,001
P001
44,002
46002
P002
…
…
…
44,999
46,999
P999
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Parameter Access (R43,998 – R46,999)
Modbus Register Types
The number of pump starts for the referenced pump relay.
Usually, the parameters are all read / write.
Note:
•
•
•
Parameters P000 and P999 are read only. If P000 is set to lock activated then all of
the parameters are read only
Parameter P999 (Master Reset) cannot be used via Modbus
See Data Types on page 101 for a description of the different types of data
associated with different parameters
Each parameter register has a corresponding format register that holds the format
information required to interpret the value. See Format Words (R46,000 to R46,999) on
page 98.
Parameter Indexing
Many parameters are indexed. There are two possible indexes: a primary index and a
secondary index. A secondary index is a sub-address of the primary index. Some indexed
parameters affect multiple I/O devices.
The following is an example of a primary index:
P111 is the Relay Control Function. This parameter determines how a relay is controlled
by the HydroRanger 200 (used as an alarm, for pump control, etc.). Because there are six
relays on the HydroRanger 200, P111 is indexed by six to allow each relay to be
programmed independently.
A few parameters also have a secondary index. While a secondary index is important for
setting up the HydroRanger 200, it is almost never needed through remote
communications.
Modbus Register Types
mmmmm
Indexing the Parameter Access Area
Each parameter communicates its value to only one register. You must know the index(es)
for the parameter in order to interpret the information in the register correctly.
For example, to make use of the value returned in register R44,111 you must know which
relay it is referring to. See Relay Function Codes (P111 Only) on page 104 for details on
P111 values.
To determine the index values, the primary and secondary index must be read or write.
The two possible methods of handling these index values are described in the following
paragraphs: Global Index Method and Parameter Specific Index Method.
Reading Parameters
To read parameter values, follow the steps listed in either the Global or the Parameter
Specific Index Method that follow. You must be able to program your HMI or SCADA
system before completing these methods.
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Global Index Method (P782 = 0)
Global format method sets index values for all parameters simultaneously. Use this
method to read multiple values set to the same index values.
1.
Write the primary index value into R43,999.
This is a value between 0 and 40 which specifies the input or output indexed by the
parameter.
Examples are:
•
•
•
2.
Transducer 1 is index 1
Discrete input 2 is index 2
Relay 5 is index 5
Write the secondary index value into R43,998.
This is a value between 0 and 40 that specifies the secondary index on the
parameter. This value is usually 0.
3.
Write the desired format value into the appropriate format register. Because the
primary and secondary indexes are already specified, these portions of the format
word are ignored and only the last digit is significant.
See Format Registers on page 109 for details.
4.
Read the value from the appropriate parameter register.
Types of values are:
•
•
•
•
•
Numeric Values, on page 101
Bit Values, on page 101
Split Values, on page 102
Text Messages, on page 103
Relay Function Codes (P111 Only), on page 104
Parameter Specific Index Method (P782 = 1)
1.
Write the primary index, secondary index, and data format values into the
appropriate format register.
For example, to read the following information:
• measured level (P921)
• in units with three decimal places
• from transducer one
Send the integer value 01008 to register 46,921.
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The Parameter Specific index method sets the index values for each parameter
independently. Use this method to read multiple parameters with different index values.
Modbus Register Types
A value of 22,222 indicates that an error has occurred. Specify a different format
type and try again.
2.
Read the value from the appropriate parameter register (the example uses 44,921).
Types of values are:
• Numeric Values on page 101
• Bit Values on page 101
• Split Values on page 102
• Text Messages on page 103
• Relay Function Codes (P111 Only) on page 104
A value of 22,222 indicates that an error occurred. Specify a different format type
and try again.
Writing Parameters
The method of writing parameters is similar to the method of reading them. Become
familiar with Reading Parameters, page 96, before attempting to write any parameters.
To write parameter values to the HydroRanger 200, follow these steps:
Global Index Method (P782 = 0)
1.
Write the primary index value into R43,999.
2.
Write the secondary index value into R43,998.
3.
Write the desired format value into the appropriate format register.
4.
Write the value to the appropriate parameter register.
Modbus Register Types
mmmmm
Parameter Specific Index Method (P782 = 1)
1.
Write the primary index, secondary index, and data format values into the
appropriate format register.
2.
Write the value to the appropriate parameter register.
Format Words (R46,000 to R46,999)
Format words are unsigned integers that contain up to three values (described below).
The number of values used in the format words depends on the Parameter Index Location
(P782) that is used.
Parameter P782 Parameter Index Location, described on page 90, determines which of
two methods is used to access the format words: Global Index Method or Parameter
Specific Index Method.
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Global Index Method (P782 = 0)
Only the final digit of the format word determines the decimal offset (below).
Parameter-Specific Index Method (P782 = 1)
All three decimal fields are used to determine the parameter value’s primary index,
secondary index, and decimal offset.
Format Registers
Each format register is made up of three decimal fields:
•
decimal offset
•
secondary index
•
primary index
decimal offset (0-9)
secondary index (00-99)
primary index (00-64)
The primary and secondary indices correspond to those that are used by the parameter.
The decimal offset indicates how the remote system must interpret the integer value that
is stored in the parameter access register. The following table shows how different
parameter values can be shown based on a register value (integer) of 1234.
Offset
Example
0
1,234
1
–1
12,340
2
–2
123,400
3
–3
1,234,000
4
–4
12,340,000
5
–5
123,400,000
6
+1
123.4
7
+2
12.34
8
+3
Percent
7ML19981FCO1
1.234
12.34%
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0
9
Modbus Register Types
Decimal
Examples of using the format word for both the index values and the decimal offset value
are shown below:
Format
Primary Index
Secondary Index
Decimal
00000
00
00
0
01003
01
00
3 right
02038
02
03
3 left
05159
05
15
percent
Modbus Register Types
mmmmm
To write these values you can use a decimal offset as follows: format word = (primary
index x 1000) + (secondary index x 10) + (decimal).
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Data Types
The HydroRanger 200 parameters do not always use integers to hold values. For the
convenience of the programmer, those values are converted to and from a 16-bit integer
number. This section describes the conversion process. The sections that follow describe
where those values are in the discrete I/O and block transfer addresses, and how to get
the parameters you need.
Numeric Values
Numeric parameter values are the most common. For example, parameter P920
(Reading) returns a number that represents the current reading (either level or volume,
depending on the HydroRanger 200 configuration).
Numeric values are requested or set in units or percent of span, and may be specified
with a number of decimal places.
Numeric values must be in the range –20,000 to +20,000 to be valid. If a parameter is
requested and its value is more than +20,000, the number 32,767 is returned; if it is less
than –20,000, the number –32,768 is returned. If this overflow happens, decrease the
number of decimal places.
If a parameter cannot be expressed in terms of percent of span, or has no meaningful
value, the number 22,222 is returned. Try requesting the parameter in units, or refer to
P005 in the Parameter Reference section on page 115.
Bit Values
Bits are packed into registers in groups of 16 bits (1 word). In this manual, the bits are
numbered from 1 to 16, with bit 1 as the least significant bit (LSB) and bit 16 as the most
significant bit (MSB).
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
09
08
07
06
05
04
03
MSB
02
01
LSB
Unsigned Double Precision Integer (UINT32)
Large numbers are put into unsigned 32 bit integers. By default, they are set up so that
the first word (register) is the most significant word (MSW) and the second word
(register) is the least significant word (LSW).
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Data Types
7ML19981FCO1
For example, if R41,442 is read as a UINT32, the 32 bits would look like this:
R41,442
16
MSW
32
R41,443
1
16
LSW
32-bit integer value (UINT32)
1
1
The two registers are read as a 32-bit integer.
The most significant word (MSW) and least significant word (LSW) can be reversed to
accommodate some Modbus drivers. See Word Order (R40,062) on page 92 for details.
The position of the decimal place is dependent on the register. For more details see the
description of the register.
Split Values
Certain parameters are actually a pair of numbers separated by a colon, using this
format: xx:yy.
One example is P807, Transducer Noise, where:
xx
= the average noise value in dB
yy
= the peak noise in dB
The number which corresponds to xx:yy, either for reading or setting a parameter, is
determined by the following formula:
For storing to the Milltronics device:
value = (xx + 128) x 256 + (yy + 128)
For reading from the Milltronics device:
xx
= (value / 256) – 128
yy
= (value % 256) – 128
where % is the modulus operator.
The modulus can be computed by following these steps:
value1 = value / 256
value2 = remainder of value1
value3 = value2 x 256
yy = value3 – 128
Data Types
mmmmm
It may simplify Parameter to notice:
xx = (most significant byte of value) – 128
yy = (least significant byte of value) – 128
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Text Messages
If a Milltronics device parameter returns a text message, that message is converted to an
integer and provided in the register. The numbers are shown in the following table:
Number
Text Message as displayed on LCD
22222
Invalid value
30000
Off
30001
On
30002
≡≡≡≡
30003
30004
(parameter does not exist)
Err
30005
Err1
30006
Open
30007
Short
30008
Pass
30009
Fail
30010
Hold
30011
Lo
30012
Hi
30013
De
30014
En
30015
---- (parameter has not been set)
-32768
Value is less than –20,000
32767
Value is greater than 20,000
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Data Types
7ML19981FCO1
Relay Function Codes (P111 Only)
If a Milltronics device parameter returns a relay function code, that message is converted
to a number and is then provided in the register.
The table shows the numbers:
HydroRanger 200
Relay Function Code
Number
P111
OFF, relay not used
0
0
Undesignated Level Alarm
1
1
Low-Low Level Alarm
2
1 – LL
Low Level Alarm
3
1–L
High Level Alarm
4
1–H
High-High Level Alarm
5
1 – HH
In Bounds Alarm
6
2
Out of Bounds Alarm
9
3
Rate of Level Change Alarm
12
4
Temperature Alarm
15
5
Loss of Echo (LOE) Alarm
20
6
Transducer Cable Fault Alarm
16
7
Totalizer
22
40
Flow Sampler
23
41
Fixed Duty Assist
25
50
Fixed Duty Backup
26
51
Alternate Duty Assist
30
52
Alternate Duty Backup
31
53
Service Ratio Duty Assist
35
54
Service Ratio Duty Backup
36
55
First In First Out (FIFO)
40
56
Flush Valve
65
64
Communication
66
65
Data Types
mmmmm
See P111 on page 127 in the Parameter Reference section.
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Error Handling
When polled by a Modbus Master, a slave device will do one of the following:
1.
Not reply. This means that something went wrong with the transmission of the
message.
2.
Echo back the command with the correct response (see the Modbus specification
for more details). This is the normal response.
3.
Return an Exception Code. This reflects an error in the message.
HydroRanger 200 uses the following exception codes:
Code
Name
Meaning
01
Illegal Function
The function code received in the query is
not an allowable action for the slave.
02
Illegal Data Address
The data address received in the query is
not an allowable address for the slave.
03
Illegal Data Value
A value contained in the query data field
is not an allowable value for the slave.
Error Handling
Errors can be traced to two general sources:
1.
There is an error in transmission.
OR
2.
The host tries to do something that is not a valid action.
In the first case, the HydroRanger 200 does not respond and the master waits for a
response time out error, which causes the master to re-send the message.
In the second case, the response depends on what the host tries to do. In general,
HydroRanger 200 will not give an error to the host request. Various actions and the
expected outcome are as follows:
•
If the host reads an invalid register, the host will get an undetermined value back.
•
If the host writes an invalid register (a non-existing parameter or a read only
parameter), the value will be ignored and no error response will be made. However,
the current value will not reflect the desired new value.
•
If the host writes a read only register, then the value will be ignored and no error
response will be made. However, the current value will not reflect the desired new
value.
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Error Handling
Modbus Responses
Error Handling
mmmmm
•
If P000 is activated, then the value will be ignored and no error response will be
made. However, the current value will not reflect the desired new value.
•
If the host attempts to write one or more registers that are out of range, an
exception response code 2 or 3 is generated, depending if the start address is valid.
•
If the host used an unsupported function code, an exception response code of 01
should be generated. However, this is not guaranteed and there may be no
response.
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Communication Troubleshooting
1.
Check the following:
•
•
•
There is power at the unit
The LCD is showing the relevant data
The device can be programmed using the hand programmer
2.
Check the wiring pin outs and verify that the connection is correct.
3.
Verify that values in the set-up parameters (P770 to P779) match the settings in the
computer used to communicate with the unit.
4.
Check that the port on the computer is correct. Sometimes trying a different Modbus
driver will solve the problem. An easy stand-alone driver called ModScan32 is
available from Win-Tech at www.win-tech.com. This driver is helpful for testing
communications.
Specifically
1.
The HydroRanger 200 is set to communicate via a modem but no communication is
returning to the master.
•
2.
Check that the parameters are set up correctly and that the correct port is
configured
• Verify the wiring diagram. Note that there is a difference between wiring directly
to a computer and wiring to a modem. Verify that the modem is set up correctly.
Milltronics has a series of Application Guides that may help. Please contact your
local Siemens Milltronics representative for more information on Application
Guides.
A HydroRanger 200 parameter is set via remote communications, but the parameter
remains unchanged.
•
•
Some parameters can only be changed when the Milltronics device is not
scanning. Try putting the Milltronics device in program mode, using the
operating mode function.
Try setting the parameter from the keypad. If it can not be set using the keypad,
check the lock parameter and set it to 1954.
7ML19981FCO1
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Page 107
mmmmm
Error Handling
Generally
Communication Appendix A: Single
Parameter Access (SPA)
This Appendix is intended to provide someone with advanced communications
knowledge the ability to access any parameter value in any available format.
Built into HydroRanger 200 is an advanced handshaking area that can be used to read
and write single registers to the HydroRanger 200. This section performs a similar
function to the Parameter access section. The differences are:
1.
Advanced section is more powerful and harder to program.
2.
Advanced section only gives you access to one parameter at a time.
Mapping
Communication Appendix A
mmmmm
Parameter Read and Write (40,090 – 40,097) is a series of eight registers used for reading
and writing parameter values to and from the HydroRanger 200. The first three registers
are always unsigned integers representing parameters and index values. The second five
registers are the format and value(s) of the parameter.
All parameters normally accessed through the hand-held programmer are available
through these registers.
Address
Description
40,090
Parameter (integer)
40,091
Primary Index (integer)
40,092
Secondary Index (integer)
40,093
Format word (bit mapped)
40,094
Read value, word 1
40,095
Read value, word 2
40,096
Write value, word 1
40,097
Write value, word 2
Reading Parameters
To read parameters through Modbus do the following steps:
1.
Send the parameter, its primary index, and its secondary index (usually 0), and
format to registers 40,090 to 40,093.
2.
Wait until you can read the written values from the registers (40,090 to 40,093) to
confirm that the operation is complete.
3.
Read the value from registers 40,094 and 40,095.
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7ML19981FCO1
Writing Parameters
To set parameters through Modbus do the following steps:
1.
Send the parameter, its primary index, and its secondary index (usually 0) to
registers 40,090, 40,091, and 40,092.
2.
Write the value to registers 40,096 and 40,097.
3.
Write the desired format word to register 40,093 to enable the HydroRanger 200 to
interpret the value correctly.
Format Register
Bits
Values
Description
1-8
0-2
Error Code
9-11
0-7
3-bit number representing decimal offset
12
0/1
direction of offset (0 = right, 1 = left)
0/1
Numeric format: Fixed (0) or Float (1)
0/1
Read or Write of data, Read (0), Write (1)
15
0/1
Word order: Most Significant Word first (0), Least
Significant Word first (1)
16
Reserved
15
14
13
12
11
10
09
08
07
06
05
04
03
02
01
Bit Values
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
reserved
most significant first
read
fixed format
offset direction to right
no error code
16
decimal offset of 2
Bit
Numbers
The value sent to the HydroRanger 200 is 0001001000000000 binary or 512 decimal. The
value 512 is sent as an integer to register 40,093 to format the output words 40,094 and
40,095 accordingly.
If the numeric data type is set for integer and the value contains decimal places, they are
ignored. In this situation, use the decimal offset to ensure that you have an integer value
and then write your code to recognize and handle the decimal offset.
7ML19981FCO1
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 109
mmmmm
For example, to format the level reading so that it is shown in percent with two decimal
places shifted left, the format bits would look like this:
Communication Appendix A
13
14
Error Codes
The error codes returned in the format area are 8-bit integers found in the lowest eight
bits of the format word. This allows for 256 potential error codes.
Currently the HydroRanger 200 has two error codes available.
Values
0
No error
1
Data not available as percent (available as units)
Reserved
Communication Appendix A
2-255
mmmmm
Description
Page 110
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FCO1
Parameter Reference
The HydroRanger 200 is configured through its parameters, and the application
determines the parameter values which are entered into the unit.
Please check your value entries carefully before operating the HydroRanger 200 to
ensure optimum performance.
Helpful Hints
Please note the following:
•
•
•
•
•
Default values are always indicated with an asterix (*)
Global values are common for all inputs and outputs on the unit
Indexed parameters can apply to more than one input or output
Primary index relates to an input or output
Secondary index allows for multiple values on an indexed point
Accessing a Secondary Index
1.
Press MODE
, and then press DISPLAY
to activate secondary index.
2.
The
icon appears under the index field.
Enter the secondary index, and then enter the values to set the secondary index.
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 111
mmmmm
Parameters
7ML19981FC01
Parameters
mmmmm
Notes
Page 112
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
P000 Lock
Secures the HydroRanger 200 from changes.
Primary Index
Global
1954
Values
*
-1
other
Related
•
OFF (programming permitted)
Simulation Controls (relays energize based on simulated level)
lock activated (programming secured)
Simulation
WARNING:
Use this lock as backup security only. It uses a fixed value which can be
discovered by unauthorized personnel.
Access this parameter directly (type 000) and enter any value (except 1954) to secure
programming lock. To unlock the HydroRanger 200, access this parameter and enter 1954.
Quick Start (P001 to P007)
P001 Operation
Sets the type of measurement required for the application.
Primary Index
Global
0
Out-of-service
1
Level – how full the vessel is. (Volume – P050)
2
Values
Space – how empty the vessel is (ullage – P050)
*
Distance – distance from transducer to material
4
DPD – dual point difference
5
DPA – dual point average
OCM – flow rate in an open channel
7
Pump Totalizer – total pumped volume
•
P600 Primary Measuring Device
For DPD and DPA Programming
For Dual Point Difference (DPD) or Dual Point Average (DPA), the unit requires either two
transducers of the same type, or one transducer and one mA input. If two transducers are
used, all transducer parameters become indexed, and a third level point is calculated.
•
•
DPD (difference) = Point 1 - Point 2
DPA (average) = (Point 1 + Point 2) / 2. The calculated DPD or DPA is always based
on level measurements of points 1 and 2.
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 113
mmmmm
6
Parameters
Alters
3
For these operations any of three level points (transducer 1, transducer 2, or the
calculated point) can be used to trigger relays (see P110 on page 127).
The points must be globally set to either 4 or 5 (as required). Point 3 becomes the
calculated value as shown above. See Rake Control example on page 62.
P002 Material
Specifies material type.
Primary Index
Values
Alters
Global
1
*
Liquid or horizontal solid surface
2
•
Solid or angled surface
P830 TVT Type
P003 Maximum Process Speed
Determines level change reaction.
Primary Index
Transducer
1
Values
2
Parameters
mmmmm
3
Slow (0.1 m/min)
*
Medium (1 m/min)
Fast (10 m/min)
Alters
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
P070 Failsafe Timer
P700 Max Fill Rate
P701 Max Empty Rate
P702 Filling Indicator
P703 Emptying Indicator
P704 Rate Filter
P710 Fuzz Filter
P713 Echo Lock Window
P727 Scan Delay
P841 Long Shot Number
Related
•
•
•
•
•
•
Failsafe (P070 to P072)
P121 Pump by Rate
Rate (P700 to P708)
Measurement Verification (P710 to P713)
Transducer Scanning (P726 to P729)
P905 Transmit Pulse
Use a setting just fast enough to keep up with your process. Slower settings provide
higher accuracy. Faster settings allow for more level fluctuations.
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HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
P004 Transducer
Specifies the Siemens Milltronics transducer connected to the unit.
Values
Related
Global
0
*
No transducer attached (preset for Dual Point)
1
ST-25
2
ST-50
100
STH
101
XCT-8
102 *
XPS-10 (preset for Standard Mode)
103
XCT-12
104
XPS-15
112
XRS-5
250
mA input
•
mA Input (P250 to P260)
•
P842 Short Shot Frequency
•
P843 Long Shot Frequency
•
P844 Short Shot Width
•
P845 Long Shot Width
•
P852 Short Shot Range
P005 Units
Specifies measurement units used for dimensional values.
Primary Index
Global
1
Values
Meters
Centimeters
3
Millimeters
4
Feet
5
Inches
P006 Empty
P007 Span
P060 Decimal Position
P603 Maximum Head
P605 Zero Head
P620 Low Flow Cutoff
P921 Material Measurement
P926 Head Measurement
P927 Distance Measurement
Changing this value automatically changes the units displayed for many parameters.
Existing values are converted and do not have to be re-entered.
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 115
mmmmm
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Parameters
Alters
*
2
P006 Empty
Enter distance in units (P005) from the face of the transducer to the process empty point.
Primary Index
Values
Transducer
Range: 0.000 to 9999
Preset: 5.000m (or equivalent depending on units)
Alters
•
Altered By
•
P005 Units
Related
•
•
•
P800 Near Blanking
P921 material Measurement
P927 Distance Measurement
P007 Span
Setting this value also sets Span (P007)
unless Span was already set to another
value. For distance operation (P001=3),
Span is preset to Empty.
P007 Span
Sets the range levels to be measured.
Primary Index
Parameters
mmmmm
Values
Level
Range: 0.000 to 9999
Preset: based on Empty (P006)
Alters
•
•
•
P605 Zero Head
P112 Relay ON Setpoint
P113 Relay OFF Setpoint
Altered By
•
•
P005 Units
P006 Empty
Related
•
•
•
•
•
Volume (P050 to P055)
P800 Near Blanking
P921 Material Measurement
P922 Space Measurement
P926 Head Measurement
Span is preset for a value close to the maximum available. Enter a value reflecting
maximum application range.
Page 116
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Always prevent the monitored surface from approaching within 0.33m (1 ft) of the
transducer face as this is the minimum blanking for most Siemens Milltronics transducers
(some require more blanking – see your transducer manual).
Many other parameters are set as a percentage of span (even if they are entered in
units). The values of these other parameters may change if the span is altered after
installation and the other parameters are measured using a level determined upward
from the Empty level toward the transducer face.
Volumes are based on span. Set for the maximum volume point if volume calculations are
needed.
Volume (P050 to P055)
Please note that the volume parameters apply only to the HydroRanger 200.
Use these parameters to configure the HydroRanger 200 to show readings based on
vessel or wet well volume (rather than level).
P050 Tank Shape
Enter the Tank Shape value matching the monitored vessel or wet well.
When Operation is LEVEL (P001 = 1), liquid (material) volume is calculated.
Alternatively, when Operation is SPACE (P001 = 2), remaining vessel capacity is
calculated. In RUN mode, readings are displayed in percent of maximum volume. To
convert readings to volumetric units, see Maximum Volume (P051
Primary Index
Global
#
0
1
Flat Level Bottom
2
Cone/Pyramid Bottom
3
Parabola Bottom
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 117
mmmmm
7ML19981FC01
*
Description
volume calculation not required
(preset)
Parameters
Values
Shape
Parameters
mmmmm
Values
Alters
Page 118
4
Half Sphere Bottom
5
Flat Sloped Bottom
6
Flat Ends
7
Parabola Ends
8
Sphere
9
Universal Linear
10
Universal Curved
•
•
•
•
•
P001 Operation
P051 Maximum Volume
Pump Efficiency (P180-P186)
Pumped Volume Totalizer (P622-P623)
P920 Reading Measurement
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
P051 Maximum Volume
For Readings in volumetric units (rather than percent), enter the vessel volume between
Empty (P006) and Span (P007).
Primary Index
Global
Range: 0.000 to 9999
Values
Preset: 100.0
Alters
P060 Decimal Position
Related
•
•
•
P006 Empty
P007 Span
P924 Volume Measurement
Any volume units can be chosen because volume is calculated from empty to maximum
span and is scaled according to the Tank Shape (P050) value.
Note: Make sure selected chosen
Examples:
units allow LCD volume display.
•
•
If max. volume = 3650 m3, enter 3650
If max. volume = 267500 gallons, enter
267.5 (thousands of gallons)
P052 Tank Dimension A
Dimension A as used in P050 Tank Shape.
Primary Index
Global
Range: 0.0 to 9999
Values
Preset: 0.000
Related
•
P050 Tank Shape
Enter one of the following:
•
height of the tank bottom if P050 = 2,3,4, or 5
•
length of one end section of the tank if P050 = 7, in Units (P005)
P053 Tank Dimension L
Dimension L as used in P050 Tank Shape.
Primary Index
Global
Range: 0.0 to 9999
Values
Preset: 0.000
Related
•
P050 Tank Shape
Enter the following:
•
tank length (excluding both end sections) if P050 = 7
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 119
mmmmm
Parameters
OR
P054 Level Breakpoints (Universal Volume Calculation)
When the tank shape is too complex for any of the preconfigured shapes, you can specify
the volume based on segments.
Primary Index
Global
Secondary Index
Breakpoint
Values
Range: 0.0 to 9999
Related
•
P055 Volume Breakpoints
Enter the following:
•
up to 32 level breakpoints (where volume is known) if P050 = 9 or 10
Entering a Level Breakpoint
1.
2.
3.
Go to Parameter P054.
For each index enter a breakpoint in measurement units.
Ensure that each breakpoint corresponds to the same index for P055.
P055 Volume Breakpoints and Characterization
(Universal Volume Calculation)
Each segment defined by the level breakpoints (P055) requires a volume so that the
HydroRanger 200 can make the level-to-volume calculations.
Primary Index
Global
Secondary Index
Breakpoint
Values
Range: 0.0 to 9999
Related
•
P054 Breakpoints Levels (Universal Volume Calculation)
Cone
Cylinder
V = (1/3)πr2h
V = πr2h
Parameters
mmmmm
Typical volume calculations
Page 120
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Entering a Volume Breakpoint
1.
2.
3.
Go to Parameter P055.
For each index enter a volume.
Ensure that each volume corresponds to the same index for P054.
For more on Volume Characterization, go to page 44.
Display and Reading (P060 to P062)
These parameters are used to:
•
•
•
Change the number of decimal places displayed
Convert the Reading to alternate units
Reference measurements to other than Empty (P006) or Span (P007)
P060 Decimal Position
Defines the maximum number of decimal places used on the LCD.
Primary Index
Level
0
No digits after the decimal point
1
Values
1 digit after the decimal point
2
*
3
2 digits after the decimal point
3 digits after the decimal point (limited by device resolution)
Alters
•
P607 Flowrate Decimal
Altered by
•
•
P005 Units
P051 Maximum volume
Related
•
P920 Reading Measurement
In RUN mode, the decimal position adjusts to prevent the number of digits from exceeding
the display capabilities. To keep the decimal place from shifting, reduce the number of
decimal places to that shown at 100%.
If 100% is 15m, use two decimal places for sample readings of 15.00 or 12.15.
P061 Convert Reading
Multiplies the current value by the specified amount to allow for scaling.
Primary Index
Values
Related
7ML19981FC01
Level
Range: -999 to 9999
Preset: 1.000
•
P920 Reading Measurement
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 121
mmmmm
Parameters
Example:
Examples:
•
•
If the measured value is in feet, enter 0.3333 to display the number of yards
For simple linear, volume conversions set POO5 to 1 (meters) and then enter the
volume measurement per unit to get the correct conversion. For example, if the
reservoir contains 100 litres per vertical meter, use 100 to get the reading in litres.
Notes:
•
•
This method does not calculate volume. It must not be used in place of the volume
parameters if any volume dependent features (such as pump efficiency) are used.
To calculate true volumes see Volume (P050 to P055).
Avoid entering a value that, when multiplied by the maximum current Reading,
exceeds the display capabilities. If value exceeds four digits, EEEE is shown.
P062 Offset Reading
Adds the specified value to the level reading, usually to reference the reading to sea level
or another datum level.
Primary Index
Values
Related
Level
Range: -999 to 9999
Preset: 0.000
•
P920 Reading Measurement
The operation of the device is not affected by the Offset Reading. This value is used for
display purposes only. All control measurements are still referenced to Empty.
Backup Level Override
Parameters
mmmmm
Use this feature to override the ultrasonic reading by a discrete input such as a
contacting point device. The ultrasonic reading will be fixed at the programmed switch
level until the discrete input is released.
The ultrasonic device makes decisions based on the override values.
P064 Reading Override Enable
Sets the discrete input to act as the source for a level reading override.
Primary Index
Values
Related
Page 122
Transducer
0
1-2
•
•
*
OFF: No override.
ON: Number = discrete input of override signal
P065 Reading Override Value
P270 Discrete Input Function
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
P065 Reading Override Value
This value is substituted for the current reading when the selected discrete input is
enabled and activated.
Primary Index
Transducer
Values
Range: 0.0 to 9999
Alters
Current reading
Related
•
•
•
•
•
P001 Operation
P005 Units
P006 Empty
P007 Span
P064 Override Enable
Please note the following:
•
•
•
enter value in current units (as selected in P005)
valid for level, space, and distance
volume is calculated based on the Backup level
Example:
Transducer One is configured for a level measurement. Digital Input 2 is connected to a Hi
Level Backup switch located a level of 4.3m.
Parameter
Index
Value
P064
1
2
P065
1
4.3
When the level rises to 4.3m, and the switch is activated, the reading is forced to 4.3m.
The reading stays at 4.3m until the switch is de-activated.
P066 Override Time Delay
Transducer
Values
Range: 0.0 to 9999
Preset: 5.0
Related
•
•
•
P064 Override Enable
P065 Reading Override Value
P270 Discrete Input Function
Note: Activation of the Level Override is subject to the measurement cycle. This can
add up to four seconds to the overall response time depending on operating conditions
and programming.
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 123
mmmmm
Primary Index
Parameters
Defines the time used to calm (debounce) the override condition input. Set in seconds.
Failsafe (P070 to P072)
P070 Failsafe Timer
The time for invalid measurements to elapse before Failsafe State activates.
Primary Index
Values
Global
Range: 0.0 to 9999
Preset 10.00 minutes
Altered by
•
P003 Maximum Process Speed
Related
•
P129 Relay Failsafe
Once activated, the Failsafe State initiates the following:
1.
2.
The material level is reported based on P071 Failsafe Material Level.
• The unit responds to the new level as programmed (control and alarm relays
activate as defined by the programming).
• Individual relays can have independent failsafe responses. See P129 Relay
Failsafe.
The appropriate error is displayed:
• LOE for loss of echo from the transducer
• Short for a shorted transducer cable
• Open for a cut transducer cable
• Error for all other problems
When modifying the preset value, set it short enough to protect the process but long
enough to avoid false alarms. Only use No Delay (0.0 Minutes) for testing.
P071 Failsafe Material Level
Parameters
mmmmm
The material level reported when a Failsafe State is initiated.
Primary Index
Level Point
Range: -4999
to 9999
Value in units or % (-50% to 150% of span)
HI
Values
Level goes to maximum span
LO
HOLd
Related
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Level goes to 0 span (Empty)
*
Level remains at last reading
P001 Operation
P006 Empty
P007 Span
P111 Relay Control Function
P112 Relay ON Setpoint
P113 relay OFF Setpoint
P129 Relay Failsafe
Select the Failsafe Material Level based upon the relay operation required during failsafe
operation.
Page 124
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Selecting HI, LO, or HOLd
1.
Press FUNCTION
2.
Press ARROWS
3.
Press ENTER
to display the Auxiliary Function symbol.
to scroll to the desired option.
to set the value.
Entering a Measurement
To enter a specific Failsafe Material Level within -50 to 150% of Span (P007), in Units
(P005).
Relay reaction
The way in which relay programming reacts to the failsafe level depends on P129 Relay
Failsafe (page 132). By default:
•
•
Alarm relays have P129 = OFF and so react to the Failsafe Material Level.
Control relays have P129 = dE and so de-energize the relay when the unit enters
Failsafe mode regardless of the Failsafe Material Level.
P072 Failsafe Level Advance
Sets the speed the HydroRanger 200 advances to and returns from the Failsafe Material
Level.
Primary Index
Level Point
1
Values
Related
Advances to/from Failsafe Material Level as set by
P003, P700 and P701.
2
Immediate Failsafe Material Level assumed right away
3
Fast Back
•
•
•
•
•
Failsafe Level Advance is restricted, return is
immediate
P003 Maximum Process Speed
P070 Failsafe Timer
P071 Failsafe Material Level
P700 Max Fill rate
P701 Max Empty rate
Page 125
mmmmm
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Parameters
7ML19981FC01
* Restricted
Relays (P100 to P119)
The HydroRanger 200 has six relays (or digital outputs) used to control devices and
alarms. While the number of devices is limited by the relays, all control functions are
accessible through software and each parameter is indexed to the three or six relays.
See the Relay section on page 34.
Preset Applications (P100)
The HydroRanger 200 makes standard applications easier to program by providing an
extensive list of presets.
Control Functions (P111)
Each relay can be configured independently to take advantage of the HydroRanger 200’s
advanced features and flexibility. Start with a preset application and then change the
required parameters to make the task more efficient.
Setpoints (P112, P113)
Each relay is triggered by one or more setpoints. The setpoints can be based on absolute
level (P112, P113) or rate of change (P702, P703). Each control function specifies which
setpoints are required.
P100 Preset Applications
Six preset applications to configure or bench test the unit.
Primary Index
Global
0
Parameters
mmmmm
Values
* OFF
1
Wet Well 1
2
Wet Well 2
3
Reservoir 1
4
Reservoir 2
5
Screen
6
Alarms
Alters
•
•
•
•
•
P110 Level Source
P111 Relay Control Function
P112 Relay On Setpoint
P113 Relay OFF Setpoint
P121 Pump by Rate
Related
•
P001 Operation
Select an application that is similar to yours and change the parameters required. If none
suit, then refer to P111 Relay Control Function on page 127.
Note: Programming the relays independently is the most common method used.
Page 126
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
P110 Level Source
Sets the level source on which the indexed relay is assigned to a measurement point.
Primary Index
Relay
Range: 1 to 3
Values
1
* Point # 1 = Transducer One
2
Point # 2 = Transducer Two
3
Point # 3 = Difference (P001=4) or Average (P001=5)
•
•
•
•
•
Altered by:
P003 Maximum Process Speed
P700 Max Fill rate
P701 Max Empty rate
P070 Failsafe Timer
P071 Failsafe Material Level
Standard Single Point Mode:
Points 2 and 3 are available only if Operation is set for difference or average
(P001 = 4 or 5).
P111 Relay Control Function
Sets the control algorithm used to trip the relay.
Primary Index
Relay
Values
See chart below
Altered by
•
P100 Preset Applications
Use zero 0 (preset) to disable control of the indexed relay.
Note: All relay ON/OFF points must be referenced from Empty (P006), regardless of
Operation Mode selection (POO1).
Flow
7ML19981FC01
Off
Level
In Bounds
Out of Bounds
Rate of Change
Temperature
Loss of Echo (LOE)
Cable Fault
Totalizer
Flow Sampler
#1
Relay Control
0*
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
40
41
Relay set off, no action (preset)
Based on level setpoints ON and OFF
Level enters the range between ON and OFF setpoints
Level exits the range between ON and OFF setpoints
Based on rate setpoints ON and OFF
Based on temperature setpoints ON and OFF
When echo is lost
When the circuit to a transducer is opened
Every 10y units (P641-P645)
Every y x 102 units (P641-P645) or time duration (P115)
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mmmmm
General
Type
Parameters
Values For P111
Control
Values For P111
Control
#1
Type
Fixed Duty Assist
50
Fixed Duty Backup
51
Alternate Duty
Assist
Alternate Duty
Backup
Service Ratio Duty
Assist
Service Ratio Duty
Backup
First In First Out
(FIFO)
Pump
52
53
54
55
56
Flush Valve
64
Communication
65
Control
1.
Relay Control
At fixed ON and OFF setpoints and allows multiple
pumps to run or for rake control
At fixed ON and OFF setpoints and allows only one
pump to run
At rotating ON and OFF setpoints and allows multiple
pumps to run
At rotating ON and OFF setpoints and allows only one
pump to run
On service ratio at ON and OFF setpoints and allows
multiple pumps to run
On service ratio at ON and OFF setpoints and allows
only one pump to run
As Alternate Duty Assist, resets the relay from staggered OFF setpoints.
Used to control a pump flushing device based on
Flush Systems (P170 to P173)
Based on input from external communications. See
Communications on page 83 for further reference.
When reading and setting this parameter through Modbus or SmartLinx
communications the parameter values are mapped to different numbers.
See the HydroRanger Communications section on page 83 for Modbus
information or the relevant SmartLinx® manual.
P112 Relay ON Setpoint
Sets the process point at which the relay changes from its NORMAL state.
Primary Index
Parameters
mmmmm
Values
Relay
Range: -999 TO 9999
Preset: ----
Altered by
•
P007 Span
Related
•
•
•
P100 Preset Applications
P111 Relay Control Function
P113 Relay OFF Setpoint
For most applications, the relay is tripped at this point. For IN-BOUNDS and OUT-OFBOUNDS alarms, it is the high point in the specified range. This parameter is set
according to Span (P007) even when another reading, such as volume, is shown on
the LCD.
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P113 Relay OFF Setpoint
Sets the process point at which the relay returns to its NORMAL state.
Primary Index
Relay
Range: -999 TO 9999
Values
Preset: ----
Altered by
•
P007 Span
Related
•
•
•
P100 Preset Applications
P111 Relay Control Function
P112 Relay ON Setpoint
For most applications, the relay is reset at this point. For IN-BOUNDS and OUT-OFBOUNDS alarms, it is the low point in the specified range. This parameter is set to Span
(P007), even when another reading, such as volume, is shown on the LCD.
P115 Relay Interval Setpoint
The length of time in hours between flow samplers (if P111 = 41).
Primary Index
Relay
Range: -999 TO 9999
Values
Preset: 0.000
Altered by
•
P100 Preset Applications
Related
•
P111 Relay Control Function
P116 Dead Band
The distance above and below the bound alarm setpoints
Primary Index
Preset: 2% of span
•
•
•
P111 Relay Control Function
P112 Relay ON Setpoint
P113 Relay OFF Setpoint
For IN-BOUNDS and OUT-OF-BOUNDS Relay Functions (P111 = 2 and 3 respectively), a
dead band prevents relay chatter due to material level fluctuations at both the upper and
lower setpoints.
Enter the dead band in either percent of
span or units of measure (P005). The dead
band value is applied both above and
below the upper and lower bound setpoints as shown in the figure.
7ML19981FC01
Actual ON or OFF setpoint
P116
Setpoint set in P112 or P113
P116
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Actual OFF or ON setpoint
Page 129
mmmmm
Related
Range: 0.000 to 9999
Parameters
Values
Relay
P118 Relay Output Logic
The logic applied to relays to determine the contact open or closed state.
Primary Index
Relay
Value
Values
2
3
Related
•
*
Logic
Alarm
Contact
Pump or Control
Contact
Positive
Normally Closed
Normally Open
Negative
Normally Open
Normally Closed
P111 Relay Control Function
The relay contact operation is NORMALLY CLOSED for alarms and NORMALLY OPEN for
controls. See P111 Relay Control Function for more information.
Power Failure
When power is cut to the HydroRanger 200, its relays fail to the following states:
Relay States
Relay
1.
Fail State
1,2,4,5
Open
3,6
Open or Closed1
Relays 3 and 6 are Form C types, so you can wire it either NORMALLY
OPEN or NORMALLY CLOSED. Check the wiring before programming.
To use relays 3 or 6 as general alarm indicators, set P118 to 3 – negative logic and wire
the alarm for normally open operation. When an alarm event occurs (see below) or when
power is cut, the circuit closes and the alarm activates.
Parameters
mmmmm
Positive Logic
In software, all relays are programmed the same way, with ON setpoints indicating when
to change the relay contact state (open or closed). This parameter allows the reversal of
the operation so that relay contacts can be NORMALLY CLOSED or NORMALLY OPEN.
P118 is preset to 2 which is positive logic.
Negative Logic
When P118 = 3 (negative logic), the operation for the indexed relay is reversed from
normal.
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P119 Relay Logic Test
Forces the relay control logic into an ACTIVATED or DE-ACTIVATED state.
Primary Index
Relay
0
Values
*
1
Activate relay control
2
Related
•
•
OFF - Control from HydroRanger 200 algorithms
De-activate relay control
P111 Relay Control Function
P910 Toggle Relays
This parameter tests site wiring and control logic programming. Forcing the relay to an
activated or de-activated state is similar to the HydroRanger 200 detecting an event and
responding to it. Helpful in testing new installations and diagnosing control problems.
Pump Setpoint Modifiers (P121 and P122)
These parameters provide alternate ways of starting the pumps in the pump group. See
the Pump Control section on page 51 for descriptions of the pump control algorithms.
P121 Pump by Rate
Sets the pump relays to accept control by rate of level change once the first ON setpoint
is reached.
Primary Index
Global
0
Values
Related
1
•
•
•
•
*
OFF (pump by level)
ON (pump by rate)
P007 Span
P111 Relay Control Function
P132 Pump Start Delay
Rate (P700 to P708)
This only applies to any relays set to pump control (P111 = 50 to 56).
Notes:
•
•
All pump control relay ON and OFF setpoints must be the same value
If level is within 5% of Span (P007) of the OFF setpoint, the next pump is not started
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The delay between pump starts is set by P132 Pump Start Delay.
Parameters
Use this function when multiple pumps are to be controlled by rate of level change rather
than by setpoints.
P122 Pump Service Ratio
Selects pump usage based on the RUN time ratio rather than last used.
Primary Index
Values
Related
Relay
Range: 0.000 to 9999
Preset: 20.00
•
P111 Relay Control Function
This parameter only relates to relays with P111 = 54 or 55.
To make this parameter useful, assign it to all of the pump relays. The number assigned to
each pump relay represents the ratio applied to decide the next pump to start or stop.
Notes:
•
•
The HydroRanger 200 will not sacrifice other pumping strategies to ensure that the
ratio is held true
If the pump relays are set to the same value then the ratio equals 1:1 and all pumps
are used equally (preset)
Independent Relay Failsafe (P129)
P129 Relay Failsafe
Sets the failsafe operation per relay to allow for more flexible programming.
Primary Index
Relay
Values
HOLd
OFF
dE
Parameters
mmmmm
En
Altered by
*
Response governed by P071 Failsafe Material Level
For LAST KNOWN relay state retention
To have the relay de-energize immediately on failsafe
To have the relay energize immediately on failsafe
•
P071 Failsafe Material Level
•
•
P070 Failsafe Timer
P111 Relay Control Function
Use this for operations independent of the Failsafe Material Level (P070).
Relay Failsafe is only available for the following relay functions (P111) and is not used for
any other relay control function.
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7ML19981FC01
Relay Function (P111)
Preset (P129)
1 – level alarm
2 – in bounds alarm
3 – out of bounds alarm
OFF
4 – rate of change alarm
5 – temperature alarm
50 to 56 – all pump controls
dE
To select an independent Relay Failsafe value:
1.
Press FUNCTION
to display the Auxiliary Function symbol.
2.
3.
Press ARROWS
to scroll through the failsafe options.
Select option and press ENTER
.
Advanced Pump Control Modifiers (P130 to P137)
These parameters only affect relays set to pump operation (P111 = 50 to 56).
P130 Pump Run-On Interval
Sets the number of hours between pump run-on occurrences.
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: 0.000 to 1000
•
Advanced Pump Control Modifiers (P130 to P136)
To clear sediment in a pump-down wet well, run the pump after the normal OFF setpoint
is reached to force some solid material through. This parameter sets the time between
such events. Only the last pump running can run-on.
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mmmmm
Related
Parameters
Preset: 0.000
P131 Pump Run-On Duration
Sets the number of seconds that the pump runs on.
Primary Index
Values
Related
Global
Range: 0.0 to 9999
Preset: 0.000
•
Advanced Pump Control Modifiers (P130 to P136)
Your pump capacity determines the amount of material that can be removed. Choose a
value long enough to clean out the vessel bottom, yet short enough not to run the pump
dry. Also be sure that this value does not overlap with P130 (Interval). The timing should
look something like this:
P131
P130 (Pump Run-On)
P132
P132 Pump Start Delay
Sets the minimum delay (in seconds) between pump starts.
Primary Index
Global
Range: 0.0 to 9999
Values
Preset: 10 seconds
Parameters
mmmmm
Value is divided by 10 in simulation mode.
Related
•
•
Advanced Pump Control Modifiers (P130 to P136)
P121 Pump by Rate
Use this feature to reduce a power surge from all pumps starting at the same time. This
delay determines when the next pump is permitted to start.
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7ML19981FC01
P133 Pump Power Resumption Delay
Sets the minimum delay before the first pump restarts after power failure.
Primary Index
Global
Range: 0.000 to 9999
Values
Preset: 10 seconds
•
•
Related
Advanced Pump Control Modifiers (P130 to P136)
P132 Pump Start Delay
This reduces the surge from the first pump starting immediately on power resumption.
When this delay expires, other pumps will start as per P132.
P136 Wall Cling Reduction
Varies the upper and lower setpoints to reduce material buildup on the walls.
Primary Index
Global
Range: 0.000 to 9999
Values
Preset: 0.000
This value is the range in which the setpoints are allowed to deviate in percent or units.
The Relay Setpoints ON and OFF values are randomly varied inside the range to ensure
that the material level does not consistently stop at the same point
.
Level Setpoint ON
Level Setpoint OFF
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Parameters
Wall Cling Value
Random Setpoint Range
P137 Pump Group
Puts pumps into groups for multiple pump rotations on one transducer.
Primary Index
Relay
Range: 1 to 2
Values
1
2
•
Alters
*
group 1
group 2
P111 Relay Control Function when P111=52 (Alternate duty
assist) or 53 (Alternate duty backup)
This feature groups pumps (relay points 1 - 6) into groups 1 or 2. It is applied to pump
rotation and occurs independently within each group.
Flush Systems (P170 to P173)
Use this feature to control an electrically operated flush valve on a pump to divert some
pump output back into the wet well to stir up sediment.
Note:
•
If any of the following parameters are set to 0, this feature will not work.
Standard Mode
Enter the relay number of the pump with the flush valve. The activation of this pump relay
drives the usage of the flush system. Both P172 Flush Interval and P171 Flush Cycles are
based on the operation of this relay and control any relay set to P111 = 64, Flush Valve.
Parameters
mmmmm
Example:
If you need to watch pump Relay One to control a flush valve on Relay Two you would set
P170[2]=1.
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7ML19981FC01
P170 Flush Pump
Picks the number of the pump relay which triggers the flushing device.
Primary Index
Global
Range: 0 to 6
Values
Preset: 0
Related
•
P111 = 64, Flush Valve
Enter the relay number of the pump with the flush valve. The activation of this pump relay
drives the usage of the flush system. Both P172 Flush Interval and P171 Flush Cycles are
based on the operation of this relay and controls any relay set to P111 = 64, Flush Valve.
P171 Flush Cycles
Sets the number of pump cycles requiring flush control.
Primary Index
Global
Range: 0 to 9999
Values
Preset: 0
Related
•
P111 = 64, Flush Valve
If three flush cycles are required after every ten pump cycles then:
P172 (Flush Interval) = 10
P171 (Flush Cycles) = 3
P172 Flush Interval
Values
Related
Global
Range: 0 to 9999
Preset: 0
•
P111 = 64, Flush Valve
To start a new flush cycle every ten times the pumps are run, set this to 10.
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mmmmm
Primary Index
Parameters
Sets the number of pump cycles before flush control is enabled
P173 Flush Duration
The length of time for each flush cycle that the flush control is active.
Primary Index
Values
Related
Global
Range: 0.000 to 9999 s
Preset: 0.000
•
P111 = 64, Flush Valve
mA Output (P200 to P219)
P200 mA Output Range
Determines the mA output range.
Primary Index
Values
Related
mA output
0
off
1
0 to 20 mA
2
*
4 to 20 mA
3
20 to 0 mA
4
20 to 4 mA
•
P911 mA Output Value
Parameters
mmmmm
If either 1 or 2 is selected, the mA output is directly proportional to the mA Function. If
either 3 or 4 is selected, then the output is inversely proportional.
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P201 mA Output Function
Alters the mA output/measurement relationship.
Primary Index
Values
mA output
value
mA function
Operation (P001)
0
OFF
1
level
level, differential, or average
2
space
space
3
distance
distance
4
volume
level or space
5
flow
OCM
6
head
7
volume rate
8
mA input
9
comms input
Related
•
•
P202 mA Output Allocation
P911 mA Output Value
Altered By
•
P001 Operation
P202 mA Output Allocation
Sets the input source from which the mA output is calculated.
mA output
Values
Related
*
Point 1
2
Point 2
3
Point 3
•
P201 mA Output Function
Enter the Point Number the mA output is based on. This value depends on whether mA
function (P201) is set as transducer or mA input.
If P201 uses a transducer, this parameter can only be altered if P001 (Operation) is set for
DPD or DPA. The values is 1 for Single Point applications or 1-3 for DPD or DPA
configurations.
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1
Parameters
Primary Index
P203 mA Output Value / Transducer
Displays current mA output value for the Point Number.
Primary Index
Level
Values
Range: 0.000 to 22.00 (view only)
This displays as an Auxiliary Reading when
key is pressed in the RUN mode and
does not include adjustments made using Trim features (P214 / P215).
Note: This parameter is applicable only if any mA output has the transducer Point
Number as its input source (see P201 and P202).
Independent mA Setpoints (P210 and P211)
Use these features to reference the minimum and/or maximum mA output to any point in
the measurement range.
Parameters
mmmmm
P201—mA Function
Settings
Action
Level, Space, or Distance
Enter the material level in Units (P005) or percent of
Span (P007) as referenced to Empty (P006).
Volume
Enter the volume in Max Volume (P051) units or as a percent of Max Volume.
Flow
Enter the flowrate in OCM Max Flow (P604) units or as a
percent of OCM Max Flow.
Head
Enter the head in level units (P005) or percent of Max
Head (P603).
Volume Rate
Enter the volume rate in volume/min. Ensure the % symbol is displayed before attempting to enter a % value.
mA input or
Communications Input
Not Applicable
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7ML19981FC01
P210 0/4 mA Output Setpoint
Sets the process level corresponding to the 0 or 4mA value.
Primary Index
mA output
Values
Range: -999 to 9999
Related
•
P211 20 mA Output Setpoint
Enter the value (in applicable units or %) to correspond to 0 or 4 mA.
P211 20 mA Output Setpoint
Sets the process level that corresponds to the 20 mA value.
Primary Index
mA output
Values
Range: -999 to 9999
Related
•
P210 0/4 mA Output Setpoint
Enter the value (in applicable units or %) to correspond to 20 mA.
mA Output Limits (P212 and P213)
Use these features to adjust the minimum and/or maximum mA output values, which
should suit the input limit requirements of the external device.
P212 mA Output Min Limit
Sets the minimum mA output value (in mA) to be produced.
Primary Index
Range: 0.000 to 22.00
Preset: 0.0 or 3.8
•
•
P200 mA Output Range
P213 mA Output Max Limit
Preset is determined by mA Function (P200). If P200 = 1 or 3, then the preset is 0.0, or if
P200 = 2 or 4, then the preset is 3.8.
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Related
Parameters
Values
mA output
P213 mA Output Max Limit
Sets the maximum mA output value (in mA) to be produced.
Primary Index
Values
Related
mA output
Range: 0.000 to 22.00
Preset: 20.2 mA
•
P200 mA Output Range / P212 mA Output Min LImit
mA Output Trim (P214 to P215)
This does not affect the P203 value shown, and is used when recalibration of an external
device is impractical.
P214 4 mA Output Trim
Calibrates the 4 mA output.
Primary Index
mA output
Values
Range: 0 to 9999
Related
•
P215 20 mA Output Trim
Adjust this value so the device indicates 4.000 mA when P214 is accessed.
P215 20 mA Output Trim
Parameters
mmmmm
Calibrates the 20 mA output.
Primary Index
mA output
Values
Range: 0 to 16000
Related
•
P214 4mA Output Trim
Adjust this value so the device indicates 20.00 mA when P215 is accessed.
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7ML19981FC01
mA Output Failsafe (P219)
P219 mA Output Failsafe
Use for failsafe operation, independent of the Failsafe Material Level (P071).
Primary Index
mA output
Range: 0.000 to 22.00
OFF
Values
Related
*
mA output responds to Failsafe Material Level (P071).
HOLd
last known value is held until normal operation
resumes
LO
produce the Empty mA output immediately
HI
produce the Span mA output immediately
•
P201 mA Output Function
Selecting an independent mA Failsafe option:
1.
Press MODE
2.
Press ARROWS
3.
Press ENTER
to display the Auxiliary Function symbol.
to scroll access the failsafe options.
when the desired option displayed.
Or, to produce an mA output at a specific value, enter the value required. This is used only
if mA output is allocated to a transducer (P201 = 1 to 7).
mA Input (P250 to P260)
Shows the mA input range of the connected mA device.
Primary Index
Values
Global
1
2
0 to 20 mA
*
4 to 20 mA
Ensure this range corresponds to the output range of the external device. All level
measurements will equate % of Span with the % of the mA range.
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Parameters
P250 mA Input Range
P251 0 or 4 mA Input Level
Shows the process level corresponding to the 0 or 4 mA value.
Primary Index
Values
Related
Global
Range: -999 to 9999%
Preset: 0%
•
•
P006 Empty
P007 Span
When using an external mA signal to determine level, the input range must be scaled to
give accurate results.
P252 20 mA Input Level
Shows the process level corresponding to the 20 mA value.
Primary Index
Values
Related
Global
Range: -999 to 9999%
Preset: 100%
•
•
P006 Empty
P007 Span
Input range is scaled for accuracy if an external mA signal calculates level.
P253 Input Filter Time Constant
Parameters
mmmmm
Shows the time constant used in the mA input filter to dampen signal fluctuations.
Primary Index
Values
Global
Range: 0 to 9999
Preset: 1
This number in seconds is used in the damping calculations. Larger values damp more
than smaller values and 0 disables the signal filter.
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P254 Scaled mA Input Value
Shows the resulting level value after scaling.
Primary Index
Values
Global
Range: -999 to 9999 (view only)
Preset: calculated from the input mA signal
This parameter is calculated from the input mA signal.
P260 mA Raw Input
Shows the raw mA input supplied by the external device.
Primary Index
mA input
Values
Range: 0.000 to 20.00 (view only)
Discrete Input Functions (P270 to P275)
Discrete inputs can be used for the following:
•
•
Passing other information to a remote system through communications
Backup level override
Use the parameters listed above to have discrete inputs modify the unit’s operation.
Use the following parameters to configure the discrete input itself.
See the Pump Control section on page 51 for a description of the HydroRanger 200’s
pump control algorithms, including how the discrete inputs alter its operation.
Sets how discrete signals are interpreted by the HydroRanger 200.
Primary Index
Values
Discrete input
0
Forced OFF
1
Forced ON
2
3
Related
7ML19981FC01
•
*
Normally Open – 0 (DI open), 1 (DI closed)
Normally Closed – 0 (DI closed), 1 (DI open)
Pump Control section
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 145
mmmmm
Parameters
P270 Discrete Input Function
P275 Scaled Discrete Input Value
Shows the current value of the discrete input after any scaling is applied.
Primary Index
Discrete input
Display: view only
Values: dependent on the function of the discrete input
Range of Values
Values
Function (P270)
1
Forced ON
0
Forced OFF
0 (DI open), 1 (DI closed)
Normally Open
0 (DI closed), 1 (DI open)
Normally Closed
Readings are updated continuously even in PROGRAM mode. The value signals a level
override event.
Standard Data Logging (P300 to P321)
All records can be reset by pressing the CLEAR
keys.
Record Temperatures (P300 to P303)
These features display the high and/or low temperatures in °C.
When a parameter relating to a TS-3 Temperature Sensor is accessed, the Point Type
Parameters
mmmmm
display changes to the TS-3 symbol
.
If the unit is powered up without a temperature sensor connected, the value –50°C is
displayed. This information can help trace problems with both built in and external
temperature sensors.
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P300 Temperature, Transducer Maximum
Shows the highest temperature encountered, as measured by the temperature sensor in
the transducer (if applicable).
Primary Index
Values
Related
Press CLEAR
Transducer
Range: - 50 to 150°C (view only)
Preset: - 50°C
•
P301 Temperature, Transducer Min
keys to reset the log after a short circuit on the transducer wiring.
P301 Temperature, Transducer Minimum
View the lowest temperature encountered, as measured by the temperature sensor in
the transducer (if applicable).
Primary Index
Values
Related
Press CLEAR
Transducer
Range: - 50 to 150°C (view only)
Preset: 150°C
•
P300 Temperature, Transducer Max
keys to reset the log after an open circuit on the transducer wiring.
P302 Temperature, Sensor Maximum
View the highest temperature encountered, as measured by the TS-3 Temperature
Sensor (if applicable).
Related
Press CLEAR
7ML19981FC01
Global
Range: - 50 to 150°C (view only)
Preset: - 50°C
•
P303 Temperature, Sensor Min
keys to reset the log after a short circuit on the transducer wiring.
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mmmmm
Values
Parameters
Primary Index
P303 Temperature, Sensor Minimum
Shows the lowest temperature encountered, as measured by the TS-3 Temperature
Sensor (if applicable).
Primary Index
Global
Range: - 50 to 150°C (view only)
Values
Preset: 150°C
Related
Press CLEAR
•
P302 Temperature, Sensor Max
keys to reset the log after an open circuit on the transducer wiring.
Record Readings (P304 and P305)
This identifies the occurrence of the record high and low level readings. Press CLEAR
keys to reset these values once the installation is working correctly.
P304 Reading Max
Shows the highest Reading calculated (in normal Reading units or %).
Primary Index
Level
Values
Range: -999 to 9999 (view only)
Related
•
P305 Reading Min
Parameters
mmmmm
P305 Reading Min
Shows the lowest Reading calculated (in normal Reading units or %).
Primary Index
Level
Values
Range: -999 to 9999 (view only)
Related
•
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P304 Reading Max
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7ML19981FC01
Pump Records (P310 to P312)
These features to identify pump usage and if the associated Relay Function (P111) is set
for any pump control feature. The value is that of the pump connected to the associated
terminals.
Enter a value to set the current record to that value. Use this if a pump is added with a
known number of hours logged, or the value can be reset to zero 0 after maintenance.
P309 Pump RUN Time
Displays the amount of time in minutes since a relay was last activated.
Primary Index
Relay
Values
Range: 0 to 9999 minutes
Related
•
Relay Function (P111) set for any pump control feature
Parameter measures the length of time since a relay was asserted, most often to
determine how long a pump has been running. Alternatively, it can monitor a relay to
show how long it has been in a state of alarm. It resets every time the relay is activated.
P310 Pump Hours
View or reset the accumulate ON time for the displayed Relay Number.
Primary Index
Relay
Values
Range: 0.000 to 9999
Related
•
Relay Function (P111) set for any pump control feature
View or reset the accumulated number of times the Relay Number has been ON.
Primary Index
Relay
Values
Range: 0 to 9999
Related
•
This value is displayed when
7ML19981FC01
Relay Function (P111) set for any pump control feature
key is pressed and held for five seconds in RUN mode.
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 149
mmmmm
P311 Pump Starts
Parameters
Value is displayed with a floating decimal point. (Note: the more figures displayed before
the decimal, the fewer displayed after.) It is the value displayed when
key is pressed
in the RUN mode.
P312 Pump Run Ons
View or reset the accumulated number of times the displayed Relay Number has been
held ON via Run On Interval (P130).
Primary Index
Relay
Values
Range: 0 to 9999
Related
•
Relay Function (P111) set for any pump control feature
Flow Records (P320 and P321)
These features are enabled if Operation is set for OCM (P001 = 6), or an OCM device is
defined (P600 ≠ 0). Use them to identify the occurrence of the record high and low flow
rates as displayed in OCM Max Flow (P604) units, or as a percent of OCM Max Flow.
Press CLEAR
keys to reset values once the installation is working correctly.
P320 Flow Max
View the highest flow rate calculated (in units or %).
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: -999 to 9999 (view only)
Related
•
P604 Maximum Flow
P321 Flow Min
Parameters
mmmmm
View the lowest flow rate calculated (in units or %).
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: -999 to 9999 (view only)
Related
•
Page 150
P604 Maximum Flow
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
LCD Totalizer (P322 and P323)
Use these features to view, reset, or preset the eight-digit display totalizer when
Operation is set for OCM or Pumped Volume (P001 = 6 or 7). The eight-digit totalizer is
divided into two groups of four digits. The four least significant totalizer digits are stored
in P322, and the four most significant digits are stored in P323. Adjust these values
separately to set a new total.
Example:
P323 = 0017
P322 = 6.294
Totalizer Display = 00176.294
Totalizer units are dependent upon programming. Enter zero 0 (if required) to reset the
totalizer to zero. Alternatively, enter any other (applicable) value, to preset the totalizer to
the necessary value.
P322 LCD Total Low
View and/or alter the four least significant digits of the totalizer value.
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: 0.000 to 9999
Related
•
•
•
P630 LCD Totalized Multiplier
P633 LCD Totalized Decimal Position
P737 Primary Reading
P323 LCD Total High
View and/or alter the four most significant digits of the totalizer value.
Values
Range: 0.000 to 9999
Related
•
•
•
7ML19981FC01
P630 LCD Totalized Multiplier
P633 LCD Totalized Decimal Position
P737 Primary Reading
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 151
mmmmm
Global
Parameters
Primary Index
Profile Records (P330 to P337)
WARNING:
These parameters are for authorized service personnel or technicians familiar with
Siemens Milltronics echo processing techniques.
These features can record up to ten Echo profiles, initiated manually (P330), or
automatically (P331 et al). See Scope Displays (P810) for echo profile viewing hardware /
software requirements. If ten Profiles are already saved, addresses 1 through 10 are
filled, the oldest automatically initiated record is overwritten. Manually initiated records
are not automatically overwritten. All records are automatically deleted in the event of a
power interruption.
When a record is displayed, results are based on current programming (which may have
been altered since the record was saved). This permits the effect on the echo profile to be
observed when changing an echo parameter.
P330 Profile Record
Records profiles for later viewing.
Primary Index
Echo profile
Code
Parameters
mmmmm
Values
Description
----
no record
A1
automatically recorded profile from Transducer One
A2
automatically recorded profile from Transducer Two
U1
manually recorded profile from Transducer One
U2
manually recorded profile from Transducer Two
In addition to being a profile records library, this provides two functions:
•
•
manually records and saves echo profiles
displays an echo profile, recorded manually or automatically (oscilloscope)
Selecting a record address
1.
2.
3.
Page 152
Enter PROGRAM mode and press DISPLAY
twice to highlight the index field.
The field shows two underscores _ _.
Type the index number. The profile record information is shown.
Use ARROWS
to scroll through the records.
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Recording a profile manually
Press TRANSDUCER
to fire the transducer and record the echo profile into the
internal scope buffer for display.
For differential or average operation (P001 = 4 or 5), access scope Displays (P810)
parameter to select the transducer number.
Saving a manual record
Press ENTER
to copy the echo profile record in the scope buffer and save it in the
selected address in the record library. The parameter value field displays the new record
information.
Displaying a record
Press
•
key to enter display auxiliary mode and then:
Press TRANSDUCER
to copy the current echo profile into the scope buffer for
display on an oscilloscope or Dolphin Plus
Deleting a record
Press CLEAR
and then ENTER
address. The value returns to - - - -.
to delete the echo profile record in the selected
P331 Auto Record Enable
Use to enable/disable the Auto Profile Record function.
Primary Index
Global
Range: 0 to 1
Values
0
On
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 153
mmmmm
7ML19981FC01
Off
Parameters
1
*
P332 Auto Record Transducer
Specifies the Transducer Point Number for which Auto Profile Records are saved.
Primary Index
Global
Range: 0 to 2
Values
Altered By
0
1
Any transducer
*
Transducer One
2
Transducer Two
•
P001 Operation = 4 or 5
This feature is preset to Point Number 1. (Alteration is only required if differential or
average Operation [P001 = 4 or 5] is selected.)
P333 Auto Record Interval
Enter the time to elapse after an Auto Profile Record is saved before another Auto Profile
Record can be saved (subject to all other restrictions).
Primary Index
Values
Global
Range: 0.0 to 9999 (minutes)
Preset: 120
Parameters
mmmmm
Auto Record ON and OFF Setpoints (P334 to P337)
Use Auto Record ON Setpoint (P334) and Auto Record OFF Setpoint (P335) to define the
boundaries within which the level must be, for the resultant Echo Profile to be considered
for an Auto Profile Record.
If ---- is displayed for either P334 or P335, Auto Profile Records are saved regardless of
current level (subject to all other restrictions).
Enter the level value in Units (P005) or percent of Span (P007) as referenced to
Empty (P006).
Page 154
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
P334 Auto Record ON Setpoint
Enter the critical level which, in conjunction with Auto Record OFF Setpoint, defines the
boundaries for Auto Profile Records to be saved.
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: -999 to 9999
Related
•
•
•
P335 Auto Record OFF Setpoint
P336 Auto Record Filling / Emptying
P337 Auto Record LOE Time
P335 Auto Record OFF Setpoint
Enter the critical level which, in conjunction with Auto Record ON Setpoint, defines the
boundaries for Auto Profile Records to be saved.
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: -999 to 9999
Related
•
•
•
P334 Auto Record ON Setpoint
P336 Auto Record Filling / Emptying
P337 Auto Record LOE Time
P336 Auto Record Filling / Emptying
Use this feature to restrict Auto Profile Records from being saved unless the level is
rising, falling or either.
Primary Index
Global
Related
Auto Profile Record on filling or emptying
1
Auto Profile Record on filling only
2
Auto Profile Record on emptying only
•
•
•
•
•
P334 Auto Record ON Setpoint
P335 Auto Record OFF Setpoint
P337 Auto Record LOE Time
P702 Filling Indicator
P703 Emptying Indicator
If the level changes at a rate in excess of the corresponding Filling / Emptying Indicator
(P702 / P703) values, the Echo Profile is saved subject to this and other Auto Profile
Record restrictions.
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 155
mmmmm
Values
*
Parameters
0
P337 Auto Record LOE Time
Limits Auto Profile Records from being saved unless extended LOE occurs.
Primary Index
Global
Range: 0.0 to 9999 (seconds)
Values
Preset: 0.0
•
•
•
Related
P334 Auto Record ON Setpoint
P335 Auto Record OFF Setpoint
P336 Auto Record Filling / Emptying
If the LOE condition exceeds the period entered, the Echo Profile is saved. When set for 0
LOE is not required for an Auto Profile Record to be saved.
Installation Records (P340 to P342)
P340 Date of Manufacture
View the date of manufacture of this HydroRanger 200 unit.
Primary Index
Global
Values
Format: YY:MM:DD (view only)
Related
•
•
P340 Date of Manufacture
P342 Start Ups
P341 RUN Time
Parameters
mmmmm
View the number of days this HydroRanger 200 has been in operation.
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: 0.000 to 9999 (view only)
Related
•
•
P340 Date of Manufacture
P342 Start Ups
The RUN Time value is updated once a day, and cannot be reset. However, in the event of
a power interruption, the counter won’t advance. Therefore, a unit that is powered down
on a regular basis will not have an accurate value.
Page 156
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
P342 Start Ups
The number of times power has been applied since the Date Of Manufacture.
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: 1 to 9999 (view only)
Related
•
•
P340 Date of Manufacture
P342 Run Time
Open Channel Monitoring (P600 to P621)
If the HydroRanger 200 is used to monitor open channel flow, alter the following
parameters as required and run a calibration as described in P621.
Note: See Open Channel Monitoring (OCM) on page 66 for application examples
involving common weirs and flumes.
The HydroRanger 200 measures head as referenced to Empty (P006) or OCM Zero Offset
(P605), when Operation is set for OCM (P001 = 6). Flowrate, based on head (at the point of
measure specified by the Primary Measuring Device fabricator) is also calculated and
displayed on the LCD.
Some Primary Measuring Devices require a longer Range Extension (P801) to avoid
entering the LOE failure state if the water level falls below the zero point of the Primary
Measuring Device. See P801 Range Extension on page 188 for more information.
P600 Primary Measuring Device
The type of primary measuring device (PMD) used.
Global
Values
7ML19981FC01
*
off (no calculation)
1
Exponential (see P601)
2
Palmer-Bowlus Flume (see P602)
3
H-Flume (see P602)
4
Universal Linear Flow Calculation (see P610, P611)
5
Universal Curved Flow Calculation (see P610, P611)
6
BS-3680/ISO 4359 Rectangular Flume (see P602)
7
BS-3680/ISO 1438/1 Thin Plate V-Notch Weir (see P602)
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 157
mmmmm
0
Parameters
Primary Index
Alters
•
•
•
P601 Flow Exponent
P602 Primary Measuring Device Dimensions
P608 Flowrate Units
Altered By
•
P001 Operation
Related
•
•
•
•
•
P603 Maximum Head
P604 Maximum Flow
P605 Zero Head
P610 Head Breakpoints
P611 Breakpoint
If your PMD is not listed, select the appropriate Universal Flow Calculation.
Associated parameters Max Head (P603), Max Flow (P604), and Min Head (P605) may be
scroll accessed. If Operation is not set for OCM (P001 = 6), this value is preset to 0. If
Operation is set for OCM, it is preset to 1.
P601 Flow Exponent
The Exponent for the flow calculation formula.
Primary Index
Values
Global
Range: -999 to 9999
Preset: 1.55
Altered By
•
P600 Primary Measuring Device
Related
•
•
•
P603 Maximum Head
P604 Maximum Flow
P605 Zero Head
If P601 = 1, the flow characteristic is a straight line
Max. Flow
(P604)
A Word on Exponents
The exponential equation is
Q = KHP601
Where:
Q = flow
K = internal constant
H = head
Page 158
Max. Head
(P603)
Zero Flow
Zero Head
Parameters
mmmmm
Use this parameter if the Primary Measuring Device (P600) is set to 1 (exponential). It
creates an exponential curve with end points set by Max Head (P603) and Zero Head
(P604) and with the curve based on the specified exponent.
Use the exponent specified by the
PMD manufacturer, or the sample
value given below.
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Example Exponents
PMD Type
Exponent (sample only)
Suppressed Rectangular Weir
1.50
Cipolletti Weir
1.50
Venturi Flume
1.50
Parshall Flume
1.22 to 1.607
Leopold Lagco
1.547
V-Notch Weir
2.50
P602 Primary Measuring Device Dimensions
The dimensions of the Primary Measuring Device (PMD).
Primary Index
Dimension
ISO 1438/1
1
Notch Angle
2
Discharge Coefficient
ISO 4359
Index Values for
Supported PMDs
1
Approach width
2
Throat width
3
Hump Height
4
Throat Length
5
Velocity coefficient
6
Discharge coefficient
Flume width
H Flume
Altered By
1
Flume height
•
P600 Primary Measuring Device
Use this parameter if the Primary Measuring Device is directly supported (P600=2,3,6,7).
The dimensions required for each PMD vary.
For more information on PDM, see page 66.
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 159
mmmmm
1
Parameters
Palmer Bowlus
P603 Maximum Head
The level value associated with Maximum Flow, in Units (P005).
Primary Index
Values
Global
Range: -999 to 9999
Preset: Span (P007) value
Altered By
•
•
P005 Units
P600 Primary Measuring Device (PMD)
Related
•
•
P604 Maximum Flow
P605 Zero Head
Represents the highest head level supported by the PMD and works in conjunction with
Maximum Flow (P604) to define the highest point in the exponential curve. Use it when
the PMD requires a maximum head and flow reference point. Includes Exponential,
Palmer Bowlus Flume, H-Flume, and Universal Breakpoints.
P604 Maximum Flow
The maximum flowrate associated with Maximum Head (P603).
Primary Index
Parameters
mmmmm
Values
Global
Range: -999 to 9999
Preset: 1000
Altered By
•
P600 Primary Measuring Device(PMD)
Related
•
•
•
P603 Maximum Head
P606 Time Units
P925 Flow Measurement
Represents the flow at the highest head level supported by the PMD and works in
conjunction with Maximum Head (P603) to define the highest point in the exponential
curve. Use when the PMD requires a maximum head and flow reference point. Includes
Exponential, Palmer Bowlus Flume, H-Flume, and Universal breakpoints.
Also use this parameter with Time Units (P606) to define the flowrate units. The limitation
of four digits is for the LCD only, and the flowrate value is available with greater precision
through communications.
Example:
Conditions
Enter
•
•
•
•
Page 160
Flowrate display: millions of gallons/day
Max. flowrate is 376,500,000 gallons/day
376.5 for Maximum Flow (P604)
4 for Time Units (P606)
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
P605 Zero Head
The distance above Empty (P006) in Units (P005) representing zero head (and zero flow).
Primary Index
Global
Range: -999 to 9999
Values
Preset: 0.000
Altered By
•
•
P005 Units
P007 Span
Related
•
•
P006 Empty
P801 Range Extension
•
P926 Head Measurement
Use for most weirs and some flumes (e.g. Palmer Bowlus) where the zero reference is at
a higher elevation than the channel bottom.
Transducer
Material level at zero flow
PMD base
Empty (P006)
Zero Head (P605)
P606 Time Units
Determines the units used to display current flow and logging flow values.
Altered By
1
seconds
2
minutes
3
hours
4
*
•
P608 Flowrate Units
days
This is used when the Primary Measuring Device is Ratiometric (P608=0).
Example:
Conditions
•
•
Enter
Flowrate display: millions of gallons/day,
•
Maximum flowrate is 376,500,000 gallons/day •
7ML19981FC01
376.5 for Maximum Flow (P604)
and 4 for Time Units (P606).
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 161
mmmmm
Values
Global
Parameters
Primary Index
P607 Flowrate Decimal
The maximum number of decimal places to be displayed.
Primary Index
Values
Altered By
Global
0
no digits after the decimal point
1
1 digit after the decimal point
2
2 digits after the decimal point
3
3 digits after the decimal point
•
P060 Decimal Position (sets max. number)
In RUN mode, the number of decimal places displayed is automatically adjusted (if
necessary) to prevent the number of Flowrate digits from exceeding display capabilities.
P608 Flowrate Units
The volume units used to display total flow.
Primary Index
Global
Ratiometric (P600=all)
0
*
Ratiometric calculation (units defined by P604)
Absolute (P600=6,7 only)
Parameters
mmmmm
Values
Values
1
litres / second
2
cubic metres / hour
3
cubic metres / day
4
cubic feet / second
5
gallons / minute – Imperial
6
million gallons / day – Imperial
7
gallons / minute – U.S.
8
million gallons / day – U.S.
Alters
•
P606 Time Units
Altered By
•
P600 Primary Measuring Device
Related
•
P608 Flowrate Units
Page 162
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
This parameter is enabled only if the primary measuring device (PMD) supports absolute
calculations (P600=6,7). For absolute PMDs (P600=6,7) volume units can be specified
using this parameter. If needed, absolute PMDs can still use ratiometric (P608=0) to
accommodate other units.
P610 Head Breakpoints
The head breakpoints for which flowrate is known.
Primary Index
Global
Secondary Index
Breakpoint
Values
Range: 0.000 to 9999
Related
•
P611 Breakpoint Flowrates
The values in the Span for which flowrates are known. See Universal Calculation Support
on page 76 for how to specify universal flows.
P611 Breakpoint Flowrates
The flowrate corresponding to each Head Breakpoint entered.
Primary Index
Global
Secondary Index
Breakpoint
Values
Range: 0.000 to 9999
Related
•
P610 Head Breakpoints
These are the flowrates for the related breakpoints. See Universal Calculation Support on
page 76 for how to specify universal flows.
Flow Breakpoints
Max. Flow
7ML19981FC01
Head Breakpoints
Max. Head
Zero Head
Zero Flow
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 163
mmmmm
Parameters
Head vs. Flowrate (P610 and P611)
P620 Low Flow Cutoff
Eliminates totalizer activity for flows at or below the cutoff value.
Primary Index
Values
Global
Range: 0.000 to 9999
Preset = 5.000 %, or equivalent units
Altered By
•
P005 Units
Related
•
P007 Span
Use this to enter the minimum head in units (P005) or as a percent of span.
P621 Auto Zero Head
Calibrates Zero Head (P605) based on actual head measurements.
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: -999 to 9999
Related
•
•
•
•
P006 Empty
P062 Offset Reading
P605 Zero Head
P664 Temperature
Use this parameter when the reported head is consistently high or low by a fixed amount.
Parameters
mmmmm
Before using this feature, verify the following parameters are correct:
•
•
•
•
Empty (P006)
Temperature (P664)
Offset Reading (P062=0)
Zero Head Offset (P605)
Procedure, with “head” steady
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press TRANSDUCER
to display the calculated head.
Repeat step ONE at least FIVE times to verify repeatability.
Measure the actual head (with a tape measure or solid rule).
Enter the actual head value.
The deviation between the entered Empty (P006) value and the calibrated Empty value is
stored in Offset Correction (P652). Alternatively, the Empty parameter (P006) can be
corrected directly.
Page 164
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Pumped Volume Totalizer (P622)
The Pumped Volume Totalizer is a HydroRanger 200 feature only.
If the eight-digit totalizer display or a remote totalizer contact closure are desired, alter
the following parameters.
P622 Inflow / Discharge Adjust
The method used to calculate the volume pumped, for pumped total Operation (P001 = 7).
Primary Index
Values
Related
Global
1 = inflow * / pump cycle
When the pump is off, the HydroRanger 200 estimates the volume of
inflow by recording the rate at which the liquid level changes. When
the pump is operating, the estimated inflow volume is added to the
pumped volume total. When the pump stops, the pumped volume of
the previous pump cycle is added to the total volume pumped in the
totalizer.
2 = inflow * ignored
Inflow is assumed to be 0 while pumps are running.
3 = inflow * / rate (preset)
Volume pumped is adjusted for inflow. Inflow rate is estimated by
assuming that the rate calculated (P708) just prior to the start of the
pump cycle remained constant during the pump cycle. Inflow rate is
averaged using rate filter (P704), rate update time (P705) and rate
update distance (P706) to control how the average rate is calculated.
•
P001 Operation
•
P704 Rate Filter
•
P705 Rate Update Time
•
P706 Rate Update Distance
•
P708 Volume Rate Display
* or discharge
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 165
mmmmm
Parameters
7ML19981FC01
Totalizer (P630 to P645)
P630 LCD Totalized Multiplier
Use this feature if the LCD Total increments by too large (or too small) an amount.
Primary Index
Values
Values
Related
Global
-3
.001
-2
.01
-1
.1
0
*
1
1
10
2
100
3
1000
4
10,000
5
100,000
6
1,000,000
7
10,000,000
•
LCD Totalizer (P322 and P323)
Enter the factor (powers of 10 only) by which actual volume is divided, prior to display on
the LCD. Use a value such that the eight-digit totalizer doesn’t roll over between readings.
Example:
Parameters
mmmmm
For an LCD Total display in 1000s of volume units, enter 3.
Page 166
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
P633 LCD Totalized Decimal Position
Enter the maximum number of decimal places to be displayed.
Primary Index
Global
0
Values
no digits after the decimal point
1
1 digit after the decimal point
*
2
3
Related
•
2 digits after the decimal point
3 digits after the decimal point
LCD Totalizer (P322 and P323)
Note: Set the decimal position during initial commissioning of the
MultiRanger 200. If the position is changed later, the totalizer data in P322 and
P323 will be incorrect and must be reset according to the new decimal value.
In RUN mode, the number of decimal places displayed is not automatically adjusted.
When LCD Total value exceeds display capabilities, it rolls over to 0 and continues
incrementing.
P640 Remote Totalized Multiplier
Use this feature if the remote totalizer (device connected to the relay set for totalizer
operation [relay Function, P111 = 40]), updates too slowly or rapidly.
Primary Index
Values
Global
-3
.001
-2
.01
-1
0
100
3
1000
4
10,000
5
100,000
6
1,000,000
•
•
•
•
10,000,000
P001 Operation
P111 Relay Control Function
P115 Relay Interval Setpoint
P645 Relay Duration
Parameter is relevant only if Operation is set to OCM or Pumped Volume (P001 = 6 or 7).
HydroRanger 200 relays have a maximum frequency of 2.5 Hz. Enter the factor (powers of
10 only) by which actual volume is divided, prior to Remote Totalizer count increment.
Example:
For a Remote Totalizer update by 1000s of volume units, enter 3.
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 167
mmmmm
10
2
7
Related
1
1
Parameters
Values
.1
*
P641 Flow Sampler Mantissa
Use this feature in conjunction with Flow Sampler Exponent (P642) to establish the
number of flow units required to increment the Flow Sampler (device connected to the
HydroRanger 200 relay set for the flow sampler operation) (Relay Function, P111 = 41).
Primary Index
Values
Related
Global
Range: 0.001 to 9999
Preset = 1.000
•
•
•
•
P001 Operation
P111 Relay Control Function
OCM (P600 to P621)
P642 Flow Sampler Exponent
This parameter is relevant only if Operation is set to OCM (P001 = 6).
Enter the mantissa (Y) for the exponent (Z) in the formula:
Flow Sampler Increment = Y x 10Z Flow units.
Example: To count once every 4310 (4.31 x 103) flow units:
•
set P641 to 4.31 and P642 to 3
P642 Flow Sampler Exponent
Use this feature in conjunction with Flow Sampler Mantissa (P641) to establish the
number of flow units required to increment the Flow Sampler (device connected to the
HydroRanger 200 relay set for the flow sampler operation Relay Function, P111 = 41).
Primary Index
Parameters
mmmmm
Values
Related
Global
Range: -3 to +7 (integers only)
Preset = 0
•
•
•
•
P001 Operation
P111 Relay Control Function
OCM (P600 to P621)
P641 Flow Sampler Mantissa
This parameter is relevant only if Operation is set to OCM (P001 = 6).
Enter the exponent (Z) for the mantissa (Y) in the formula:
Flow Sampler Increment = Y x 10Z Flow units.
Page 168
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
P645 Relay Duration
Use this feature (if desired) to adjust the minimum contact closure duration of a relay set
as a totalizer, flow sampler, time [control], or aeration (P111 = 40 or 41)
Primary Index
Global
Range: 0.1 to 1024
Values
Preset = 0.2 (sec)
Related
•
P111 Relay Control Function
Enter minimum contact closure duration (in seconds) required by the device connected.
For the flow sampler function this value is used for both the ON time of the relay and the
OFF time between contacts.
P645 on time
relay contact closed
P645 OFF time
relay contact open
Range Calibration (P650 to P654)
There are two types of calibration possible:
Offset:
Adjusts the measurements by a fixed amount.
Sound Velocity: Adjusts speed of sound and changes the measurement calculations.
Do Offset calibration at any steady level unless a Sound Velocity calibration is also done.
If both calibrations are done then do Offset at a known high level and Sound Velocity at a
known low level.
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: -999 to 9999
Related
•
•
•
•
•
7ML19981FC01
P006 Empty
P062 Offset Reading
P605 Zero Head
P652 Offset Correction
P664 Temperature
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 169
mmmmm
Calibrates Empty (P006) if the reported level is consistently high or low by a fixed amount.
Parameters
P650 Offset Calibration
Before using this feature, verify the following parameters are correct:
•
•
•
•
Empty (P006)
Temperature (P664)
Offset Reading (P062)
Zero Head Offset (P605), if using OCM
Offset Calibration
Begin with a steady level.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press TRANSDUCER
to display the calculated reading.
Repeat Step One at least five times to verify repeatability.
Measure the actual reading (use tape measure).
Enter the actual value.
The deviation between the entered Empty (P006) value and the calibrated Empty value is
stored in Offset Correction (P652).
P651 Sound Velocity Calibration
Changes the speed of sound constant.
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: -999 to 9999
Related
•
•
P653 Velocity
P654 Velocity at 20°C
Parameters
mmmmm
Condition for use of this feature
•
The acoustic beam atmosphere is other than air
•
The acoustic beam atmosphere temperature is unknown
•
The Reading accuracy is acceptable at higher material levels only
For best results do this calibration with the level at a known value near empty.
Using Sound Velocity Calibration
Ensure a steady level at some low value (P653 and P654 adjusted accordingly)
1. Allow sufficient time for the vapor concentration to stabilize.
2. Press TRANSDUCER
to display the calculated reading.
3. Repeat Step Two at least five times to verify repeatability.
4. Measure the actual reading (e.g. with a tape measure).
5. Enter the actual value.
Repeat this procedure if the atmosphere type, concentration, or temperature conditions
are different from when the last sound velocity calibration was performed.
Note: In gasses other than air, the temperature variation may not correspond with the
speed of sound variation. Turn off temperature sensor and use a fixed temperature.
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7ML19981FC01
P652 Offset Correction
The value altered when an Offset Calibration is performed.
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: -999 to 999.0
Related
•
P650 Offset Calibration
Alternatively, if the amount of Offset Correction required is known, enter the amount to be
added to the Reading before display.
P653 Velocity
The value adjusted based on the Sound Velocity at 20 °C (P654) vs. Temperature (P664)
characteristics of air.
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: 50.01 to 2001 m/s (164.1 to 6563 ft/s)
Related
•
•
P651 Sound Velocity Calibration
P654 Velocity at 20°C
Alternatively, enter the current sound velocity (if known), or perform a Sound Velocity
Calibration (P651). The units used are m/s if P005 = 1, 2, or 3 (ft/s if P005 = 4 or 5).
P654 Velocity at 20°C
This value is used to automatically calculate Sound Velocity (P653).
Values
Range: 50.01 to 2001 m/s (164.1 to 6563 ft/s)
Related
•
•
•
P005 Units
P651 Sound Velocity Calibration
P653 Velocity
After performing a Sound Velocity Calibration, check this value to verify the acoustic
beam atmosphere is air (344.1 m/s or 1129 ft/s).
Alternatively, if the acoustic beam atmosphere sound velocity at 20°C (68 °F) is known,
and the sound velocity vs. temperature characteristics are similar to that of air, enter the
sound velocity.
The units used are m/s if P005 = 1, 2, or 3 (or ft/s if P005 = 4 or 5).
7ML19981FC01
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mmmmm
Global
Parameters
Primary Index
Temperature Compensation (P660 to P664)
P660 Temp Source
Source of the temperature reading used to adjust the speed of sound.
Primary Index
Transducer
1
Values
*
AUTO
2
Temp Fixed
3
Ultrasonic/Temperature Transducer
4
TS-3 Temperature Sensor
5
Average (TS-3 and transducer)
Alters
•
P664 Temperature
Related
•
•
•
•
P651 Sound Velocity
P653 Velocity
P654 Velocity at 20°C
P661 Temp Fixed
The HydroRanger 200 uses the TS-3 temperature sensor assigned to the transducer
unless one is not connected, in which case the ultrasonic/temperature transducer is
used. If the transducer does not have an internal temperature sensor, the Temp Fixed
(P661) value is used.
If the acoustic beam atmosphere temperature varies with distance from the transducer,
connect a TS-3 Temperature Sensor and ultrasonic / temperature transducers, and select
average.
Parameters
mmmmm
In gasses other than air, the temperature variation may not correspond with the speed of
sound variation. In these cases turn off the temperature sensor and use a fixed
temperature.
P661 Temp Fixed
Use this feature if a temperature sensing device is not used.
Primary Index
Transducer
Values
Range: -199 to 199 (preset = 20 °C)
Related
•
•
•
•
P651 Sound Velocity Calibration
P653 Velocity
P654 Velocity at 20°C
P660 Temp Source
Enter the temperature (in °C) of the atmosphere within the transducer acoustic beam. If
the temperature varies with distance from the transducer, enter the average temperature.
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7ML19981FC01
P663 Temperature Transducer Allocation
This feature may only be used for differential or average Operation (P001 = 4 or 5).
Primary Index
Transducer
1
Values
Transducer One
2
Transducer Two
1:2
Transducer One and Two average
•
•
•
Related
*
P651 Sound Velocity Calibration
P653 Velocity
P654 Velocity at 20°C
As preset, the temperature measurements of Ultrasonic / Temperature Transducer One
and Two are allocated to Points 1 and 2 respectively.
Use this feature if the temperature measurement from both transducers should be
identical, but one is located close to a radiant heat source. Allocate the temperature
measurement of the other transducer to both transducer Point Numbers.
Enter the number of the Transducer whose temperature measurement will be used for
the distance calculation of the Point Number displayed. When both transducers are
allocated to a Point Number, the temperature measurements from each are averaged.
P664 Temperature
View the transducer temperature in °C.
Values
Range: -50 to 150 (view only)
Altered By
•
P660 Temp Source
Related
•
•
•
•
P651 Sound Velocity Calibration
P653 Velocity
P654 Velocity at 20°C
P661 Temp Fixed
Value is displayed when
page 18).
is pressed in RUN mode (see Readings in Run Mode on
If Temp Source (P660) is set to any value other than Fixed Temp, the value displayed is the
temperature measured. If Temp Source is set to Fixed Temp, the P661 value is displayed.
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 173
mmmmm
Transducer
Parameters
Primary Index
Rate (P700 to P708)
These parameters determine how material level changes are reported.
P700 Max Fill Rate
Adjusts the HydroRanger 200 response to increases in the actual material level (or
advance to a higher Failsafe Material Level, P071).
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: 0.000 to 9999
Altered by
•
P003 Maximum Process Speed
Related
•
•
P005 Units
P007 Span
•
P071 Failsafe Material
Level
Enter a value slightly greater than the maximum vessel filling rate. This value, in Units
(P005) or % of Span (P007) per minute, is automatically altered when Maximum Process
Speed (P003) is altered.
P003 Value
Meters/Minute
1
0.1
2
1
3
10
P701 Max Empty Rate
Parameters
mmmmm
Adjusts the HydroRanger 200 response to decreases in the actual material level (or
advance to a lower Failsafe Material Level, P071).
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: 0.000 to 9999
Altered by
•
P003 Maximum Process Speed
Related
•
•
P005 Units
P007 Span
•
P071 Failsafe Material
Level
Enter a value slightly greater than the maximum vessel emptying rate. This value, in Units
(P005) or % of Span (P007) per minute, is automatically altered when Maximum Process
Speed (P003) is altered.
P003 Value
Page 174
Meters / Minute
1
0.1
2
1
3
10
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
P702 Filling Indicator
The fill rate required to activate the LCD Filling indicator ( ).
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: -999 to 9999
Altered by
•
P003 Maximum Process Speed
Related
•
•
P005 Units
P007 Span
•
P700 Max Fill Rate
This value (in Units (P005) or % of Span (P007) per minute) is automatically set to 1/10 of
the Max Fill Rate (P700).
P703 Emptying Indicator
The empty rate required to activate the LCD Emptying indicator ( ).
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: -999 to 9999
Altered by
•
P003 Maximum Process Speed
Related
•
•
P005 Units
P007 Span
•
P701 Max Empty Rate
This value (in Units (P005) or % of Span (P007) per minute) is automatically set to 1/10 of
the Max Empty Rate (P701).
P704 Rate Filter
Damps Rate Value (P707) fluctuations.
Global
0
Rate display not required
Filtered Output
1
Values
7ML19981FC01
Continuously filtered and updated
Interval Output
2
1 minute or 50 mm (2 in)
3
5 minutes or 100 mm (3.9 in)
4
10 minutes or 300 mm (11.8 in)
5
10 minutes or 1000 mm (39.4 in)
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 175
mmmmm
Parameters
Primary Index
Alters
•
P707 Rate Value
Altered by
•
P003 Maximum Process Speed
Related
•
P705 Rate Update Time/ P706 Rate Update Distance
Enter the time or distance interval over which the Rate Value is to be calculated before
the display updates.
This is automatically altered along with Maximum Process Speed (P003).
This value automatically alters the Rate Update Time (P705) and / or Rate Update
Distance (P706). Alternatively, these parameter values may be altered independently.
P705 Rate Update Time
The time period (in seconds) over which the material level rate of change is averaged
before Rate Value update.
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: 0.000 to 9999
Related
•
P707 Rate Value
P706 Rate Update Distance
Parameters
mmmmm
The material level change (in metres) to initiate a Rate Value update.
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: 0.000 to 9999
Related
•
P707 Rate Value
P707 Rate Value
The rate of material level change (in Units (P005) or % of Span (P007) per minute).
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: -999 to 9999 (view only)
Altered By
•
P704 Rate Filter
Related
•
P005 Units
•
P007 Span
A negative rate indicates the vessel is emptying.
This is the value displayed when
is pressed in the RUN mode as described in the
Readings in RUN Mode chart on page 18.
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7ML19981FC01
P708 Volume Rate Display
The rate of change of volume in percent of maximum volume per minute.
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: -999 to 9999 (view only)
Related
•
P622 Inflow / Discharge Adjust
This value is used internally to calculate inflow in pumped volume applications (P622=3).
Press READING
to toggle between percent and volume.
Measurement Verification (P710 to P713)
P710 Fuzz Filter
Use this to stabilize the reported level, due to level fluctuations (such as a rippling or
splashing liquid surface) within the Echo Lock Window (P713).
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: 0 to 100 (0 = off)
Altered by
•
P003 Maximum Process Speed
Related
•
P007 Span
•
P713 Echo Lock Window
This value (in % of Span, P007) is automatically altered when Maximum Process Speed
(P003) is altered. The higher the value entered, the greater the fluctuation stabilized.
P711 Echo Lock
Values
Global
0
Off
1
Maximum verification
2
3
Related
7ML19981FC01
•
•
•
*
Material agitator
Total lock
P700 Max Fill Rate
P701 Max Empty Rate
P712 Echo Lock Sampling
•
•
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
P713 Echo Lock Window
P820 Algorithm
Page 177
mmmmm
Primary Index
Parameters
Use this feature to select the measurement verification process.
If a material agitator (mixer) is used in the vessel monitored, set Echo Lock for maximum
verification or material agitator to avoid agitator blade detection. Ensure the agitator is
always on while the HydroRanger 200 is monitoring the vessel to avoid stationary blade
detection.
When set for max verification or material agitator, a new measurement outside of the
Echo Lock Window (P713) must meet the sampling criterion (P712).
For total lock, Echo Lock Window (P713) is preset to zero 0. The HydroRanger 200
continuously searches for the best echo according to the algorithm chosen (P820). If the
selected echo is within the window, the window is then centered about the echo. If not,
the window widens with each successive shot until the selected echo is within the
window. The window then returns to its normal width.
When Echo Lock is off, the HydroRanger 200 responds immediately to a new
measurement as restricted by the Max Fill / Empty Rate (P700 / P701); however,
measurement reliability is affected.
P712 Echo Lock Sampling
The sampling criterion sets the number of consecutive echoes appearing above or below
the echo currently locked onto, that must occur before the measurements are validated
as the new reading (for Echo Lock P711 values: 1 or 2).
Primary Index
Global
Range: 1:1 to 99:99
Values
Format: x:y
x = the number of above echoes
y = the number of below echoes
Parameters
mmmmm
Related
•
P711 Echo Lock
P711 value
P712 preset value
1, max verification
5:5
2, material agitator
5:2
Example:
Setting
•
•
P711 = 2, material agitator
P712 = 5:2
Result
•
•
Page 178
a new reading will not be validated unless five consecutive measurements higher or
two consecutive measurements lower than the current reading occur
Resetting P711 returns P712 to the respective preset values
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
P713 Echo Lock Window
Adjusts the size of the Echo Lock Window.
Primary Index
Global
Range: 0.000 to 9999
Values
Preset: 0.000
Altered by
•
P003 Maximum Process Speed
Related
•
P005 Units
•
P711 Echo Lock
The Echo Lock Window is a distance window (units P005) centred on the echo and used
to derive the Reading. A new measurement in the window re-centers the echoe and the
new Reading calculated. Otherwise, the new measurement is verified by Echo Lock
(P711) before the reading is updated.
When 0 is entered the window is automatically calculated after each measurement. For
slower P003 Maximum Process Speed values the window is narrow; for faster P003
values the window becomes wider.
Transducer Scanning (P726 to P729)
P726 Level System Sync
Enables the System Sync on the terminal block.
Primary Index
Global
0
Values
1
not required
*
synchronize level monitors
The delay, in seconds, between measurements from transducer points.
Primary Index
Values
Global
Range: 0.000 to 9999
Preset: 5.0
Altered by
•
P003 Maximum Process Speed
Related
•
P001 Operation
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 179
mmmmm
P727 Scan Delay
Parameters
Use this if another level measurement system is mounted nearby, and they are wired
together on the Sync terminal.
This feature may only be used to adjust the delay before the next point is scanned. Enter
the amount of delay in seconds. This value is automatically altered when Maximum
Process Speed (P003) is altered.
P728 Shot Delay
The delay, in seconds, between transducer shots.
Primary Index
Transducer
Range: 0.1 to 4.0
Values
Preset: 0.5
Use this if transient acoustic noise within the vessel causes measurement difficulties due
to echoes from one shot being received on the next. If more than one ultrasonic unit is
installed for redundancy, this value should be 0.
P729 Scan Time
View the elapsed time (in seconds) since the point displayed was last scanned.
Primary Index
Level Point
Values
Range: 0.000 to 9999 (view only)
Related
•
P001 Operation
This may be viewed as an Auxiliary Reading in the RUN mode.
Parameters
mmmmm
Display (P730 to P739)
P730 Auxiliary Reading
Use this feature to display operator selected Auxiliary Readings temporarily or
indefinitely (as desired).
Primary Index
Values
Global
Range: 000 to 999
Display: OFF, HOLd
Select OFF to display Auxiliary Readings temporarily. Select HOLd to display Auxiliary
Readings until another Auxiliary Reading is selected or programming mode is entered.
See the Hand Programmer section on page 22 for RUN mode auxiliary readings.
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7ML19981FC01
Selecting the Auxiliary Reading operation
1.
Press READING
2.
Press ARROWS
3.
Press ENTER
to display the Auxiliary Function symbol.
to access the OFF or HOLd option desired.
If necessary, enter the Parameter Number to default in the Auxiliary Reading display. That
value will show in the auxiliary reading area by default. Other values are available but will
reset to the parameter defined here.
P731 Auxiliary Reading Key
Enter the Parameter Number whose value is to be displayed in the Auxiliary Reading field
Primary Index
Values
Global
Range: 000 to 999
Preset: Material Reading, P921
is pressed in the RUN mode. See the Hand Programmer section on page 22 for RUN
mode auxiliary readings.
P
P732 Display Delay
Adjusts the Point Number display scroll speed.
Primary Index
Values
Range: 0.5 to 10
Preset: 1.5 seconds
•
•
P001 Operation
P737 Primary Reading
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 181
mmmmm
Use this feature to adjust the delay before the display advances to the next Point Number.
Display scrolling is independent from transducer scanning.
Parameters
Related
Global
P733 Scroll Access
Use this feature to select the parameter scroll access option desired.
Primary Index
Global
0
Values
1
*
2
Press READING
Off
Scrolls to all parameters (P001 to P999)
Smart
for Quick Start, altered, and tagged parameters
Tagged
Scrolls to operator tagged parameters only
to tag/untag any accessed parameter.
and
display indicates
the parameter accessed is tagged.
Note: Quick Start parameters (P001 – P007) and those changed from factory default
settings cannot be untagged.
P735 Backlight
Controls the LCD backlighting.
Primary Index
Global
0
Values
1
Off
*
2
On
Keypad activated
The backlight can be forced on or off, or be controlled by a programmer, in which case it
will turn OFF 30 seconds after the last key is pressed.
Parameters
mmmmm
P737 Primary Reading
The reading shown on the primary reading display when in RUN mode.
Primary Index
Global
Range: 0 to 3
Values
Related
1
* Default reading (P920) based on operation (P001)
2
LCD totalizer (P322, P323)
3
Automatically toggle between 1 and 2
•
•
LCD Totalizer (P322 & P323)
P732 Display Delay
•
P920 Reading
Measurement
When this value indicates TOGGLE, then both readings (default and totalizer) are shown
in the time specified in display delay (P732).
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7ML19981FC01
SmartLinx Reserved (750 to 769)
These parameters are reserved for optional SmartLinx communications cards and vary by
card. Refer to the SmartLinx documentation to determine if any of them are used.
Communications (P770 to P782)
The HydroRanger 200 communication ports are configured by a series of parameters that
are indexed by port. See Communications on page 83 for a complete description of
communications set-up.
Communication parameters are indexed to these communication ports, unless otherwise
noted:
Port
Description
1
RS-232 port (RJ-11 modular telephone)
2
RS 485 port on terminal block
P770 Port Protocol
The communications protocol used between the HydroRanger 200 and other devices.
Primary Index
Communications Port
0
1
Values
Communications port disabled
*
2
3
Milltronics Dolphin protocol (preset for port 1)
Modbus ASCII slave serial protocol
*
Modbus RTU slave serial protocol (preset for port 2)
The HydroRanger 200 supports the internationally recognized Modbus standard in both
ASCII and RTU formats. Other protocols are available with optional SmartLinx cards.
The unique identifier of the HydroRanger 200 on the network.
Primary Index
Values
Communications Port
Range: 0 to 9999
1
*
Preset:
For devices connected with the Siemens Milltronics protocol this parameter is ignored.
For devices connected with a serial Modbus slave protocol, this parameter is a number
from 1-247. The network administrator must ensure that all devices on the network have
unique addresses. Do not use the value 0 for Modbus communications as this is the
broadcast address and is inappropriate for a slave device.
7ML19981FC01
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Page 183
mmmmm
Parameters
P771 Network Address
P772 Baud Rate
The communication rate with the master device.
Primary Index
Communications Port
Values
4.8
4800 baud
9.6
9600 baud
19.2
*
19,200 baud (preset for port 2)
115.2
*
115,200 baud (preset for port 1)
This specifies the rate of communication in Kbaud. Any value may be entered but only the
values shown above are supported. The baud rate should reflect the speed of the
connected hardware and protocol used.
P773 Parity
The serial port parity.
Primary Index
Communications Port
0
Values
*
No Parity
1
Odd Parity
2
Even Parity
Ensure that the communications parameters are identical between the HydroRanger 200
and all connected devices. For example, many modems default to N-8-1 which is No
parity, 8 data bits, and 1 stop bit.
Parameters
mmmmm
P774 Data Bits
The number of data bits per character.
Primary Index
Communications Port
Range: 5 to 8
8
Values
Page 184
*
Modbus RTU
7 or 8
Modbus ASCII
7 or 8
Dolphin Plus
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
P775 Stop Bits
The number of bits between the data bits.
Primary Index
Values
Communications Port
Range: 1 or 2
1
*
Preset:
P778 Modem Available
Sets the HydroRanger 200 to use an external modem.
Primary Index
Values
Communications Port
0
*
1
No modem connected
Answer only
P779 Modem Inactivity Timeout
Sets the time that the unit will keep the modem connected with no activity.
Primary Index
Values
Related
Communications Port
Range: 0-9999 seconds
0
*
No timeout
•
•
P778 Modem Available
P779 Modem Inactivity Timeout
If the line is idle and the P779 Modem Inactivity Timeout expires, then the modem is
directed to hang up the line. Ensure that P779 is set longer than the standard polling time
of the connected master device. 0 disables the inactivity timer.
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 185
mmmmm
Hanging Up
Parameters
To use this parameter, ensure that P778 (Modem Available) = 1. Ensure that the value is
low enough to avoid unnecessary delays when an unexpected disconnect occurs but
long enough to avoid timeout while unit is legitimately connected. This parameter value is
ignored by the Modbus Master Drivers, as they automatically disconnect when done.
P782 Parameter Index Location
Determines where index information is stored for the parameter access area.
Primary Index
Values
Altered By
Global
0
*
1
•
Global
Parameter-Specific
P770 Port Protocol
Global (0)
The primary and secondary index values are global (they affect all of the parameter
access area at once) and stored in:
•
primary index – R43,999
•
secondary index – R43,998
Parameter-Specific (1)
The primary and secondary index values are encoded into the format words found
between R46,000 and R46,999. Each format work corresponds with the R44,000 series
number in the parameter access map. For example, the format register R46,111
corresponds to the parameter P111 and the value is stored in R44,111. If the Modbus
protocol (P770 = 2 or 3) is not used this parameter is ignored.
SmartLinx Hardware Testing
These parameters are used to test and debug a SmartLinx card.
P790 Hardware Error
Parameters
mmmmm
The results of ongoing hardware tests in the communications circuitry.
Primary Index
Global
PASS
Values
Related
*
No errors
FAIL
Faulty SmartLinx module or HydroRanger 200
ERR1
Unknown protocol, upgrade software
•
•
P791 Bus Error
P792 Bus Error Count
If a test does not meet PASS requirements, communication halts and tests repeated until
PASS requirements are met. Communication then resumes.
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7ML19981FC01
P791 Bus Error
Indicates if an error condition is occurring on the bus.
Primary Index
Global
0 * No error
Values
Related
ý
•
Error code, refer to the SmartLinx module documentation for
explanation of the code
P790 Hardware Error
•
P792 Bus Error Count
P792 Bus Error Count
A count that changes by increments of one each time a bus error (P752) is reported.
Primary Index
Values
Related
Global
Range: 0 to 9999
Preset: 0
•
P790 Hardware Error
•
P791 Bus Error
Echo Processing (P800 to P807)
P800 Near Blanking
The space near the transducer face which cannot be measured.
Primary Index
Global
Values
Preset:
0.300m (Most transducers)
0.450m (XCT-8, XCT-12)
Related
•
•
P006 Empty
P007 Span
•
P833 TVT Start Min
Use this feature if the surface is reported to be near the transducer face but is in fact
further away. Extend this value when changing transducer location, mounting, or aiming.
Please note that changing the Near Blanking cannot correct measurement problems.
Ensure that Span (P007) < Empty (P006) – Near Blanking (P800).
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 187
mmmmm
Parameters
Range: 0.000 to 9999
P801 Range Extension
Allows the material level to fall below the Empty setting without reporting LOE.
Primary Index
Values
Related
Global
Range: 0.000 to 9999
Preset: 20% of Span (P007)
•
•
P005 Units
P006 Empty
•
•
P007 Span
P004 Transducer
This feature is useful in OCM applications where the Empty level is set to the bottom of
the weir, and above the bottom of the channel, and should be used if the surface
monitored can fall past the Empty (P006) level in normal operation.
The value is added to Empty (P006) and can be greater than the range of the transducer. If
the surface monitored can extend beyond Empty (P006), increase Range Extension (in
Units (P005) or % of Span) such that Empty plus Range Extension is greater than the
transducer face to furthest surface to be monitored distance. This is often the case with
OCM when using weirs and some flumes.
P802 Transducer with Submergence Shield
Used when the transducer is expected to be submerged on occasion.
Primary Index
Values
Parameters
mmmmm
Related
Global
0
1
•
•
*
Off
Submergence Transducer
P006 Empty
P071 Failsafe Material Level
•
Relays
When a transducer with a submergence shield is submerged, the shield traps an air
pocket that creates a special echo. The HydroRanger 200 recognizes the echo and
advances the reading to the highest level and operates displays and outputs accordingly.
This feature is effective for when power is returned while the transducer is submerged.
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7ML19981FC01
P803 Shot / Pulse Mode
Determines what type of ultrasonic shots are fired.
Primary Index
Values
Related
Global
1
2
•
•
Short
*
Short and long
P006 Empty
P805 Echo Confidence
•
•
P804 Confidence Threshold
P852 Short Shot Range
Use this feature to increase HydroRanger 200 response when the monitored surface is
close to the transducer face. Select short and long to have short and long acoustic shots
fired for each measurement, regardless of the transducer to surface distance.
Select short to have only short shots fired if the Echo Confidence (P805) produced by a
short shot exceeds the short Confidence Threshold (P804) and the monitored surface is
always within the Short Shot Range (P852).
P804 Confidence Threshold
Determines which echoes are evaluated by software.
Primary Index
Values
Related
Global
Range: 0 to 99:0 to 99
Preset: 10:5
•
P805 Echo Confidence
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 189
mmmmm
Note: The decimal point is replaced with a colon (:) on the display.
Parameters
Use this feature when an incorrect material level is reported. The short and long shot
Confidence Thresholds are preset to 10 and 5 respectively. When Echo Confidence (P805)
exceeds the Confidence Threshold, the echo is evaluated by Sonic Intelligence®. Values
are entered as two numbers separated by a decimal point. The first number is the short
shot confidence and the second number is the long shot confidence.
P805 Echo Confidence
Displays the echo confidence of the measurement echo from the last shot.
Primary Index
Transducer
Format: x:y (view only)
Values
x = short (0 to 99)
y = long (0 to 99)
Related
•
P804 Confidence Threshold
•
P830 TVT Type
Use this feature to monitor the effect of transducer aiming, location, and mechanical
transducer / mounting isolation.
Both short and long shot Echo Confidence is displayed. (To display this value in the
auxiliary display while the unit is running, press
Display
x:---:y
x:y
E
--:--
for 4 seconds.)
Description
short shot confidence value, (long shot not used).
long shot confidence value, (short shot not used).
short and long shot confidence values (both used).
transducer cable is open or short circuited.
no shots were processed for Sonic Intelligence® evaluation.
P806 Echo Strength
Parameters
mmmmm
Displays the strength (in dB above 1 uV RMS) of the selected measurement echo.
Primary Index
Transducer
Values
Format: 0 to 99 (view only)
P807 Noise
Displays the average and peak ambient noise (in dB above 1 uV RMS) being processed.
Primary Index
Transducer
Format: x:y (view only)
Values
x = average (-99 to 99)
y = peak (-99 to 99)
The noise level is a combination of transient acoustic noise and electrical noise (induced
into the transducer cable or receiving circuitry). See Noise Problems in the
Troubleshooting Section on page 219.
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HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Advanced Echo Processing (P810 to P825)
The following parameters are for authorized Siemens Milltronics Service personnel or
technicians familiar with Siemens Milltronics echo processing techniques.
Anatomy of an Echo Profile
The relevant parts of an echo profile are listed here. These are visible in either Dolphin
Plus or an oscilloscope.
TVT curve
Echo profile
Selected echo
Echo lock window
Echo marker
P810 Scope Displays
Captures echo profiles for display on an oscilloscope.
Primary Index
Values
Related
Transducer
Display: P, C, n, u, _
Preset: _ _ _ _ (display is off)
•
P832 TVT Shaper Adjust
Sweep = 10 us / div. to 1 ms / div. (x 100 for real time)
Amplitude = 1 V / div.
Trigger = external
Note: Use of an analog oscilloscope is preferred over a digital oscilloscope.
7ML19981FC01
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mmmmm
Connect an oscilloscope to Mother Board TP2 (Scope), TP5 (DCOM), and TP6 (Sync).
Parameters
Use this feature to monitor the effects of Echo Processing changes.
Any combination of the following Scope Displays is available.
Display
Symbol
P
C
n
u
Echo Profile
TVT Curve
Echo Marker
Echo Lock Window
Two methods to select Scope Displays:
Scrolling
1.
Press READING
2.
Press ARROWS
3.
Press ENTER
to display the Auxiliary Function symbol.
to access the desired Reading display symbols.
with the desired display symbols displayed.
1/0 Values
Alternatively, a four-digit binary value may be entered, where a 0 turns the associated
signal display OFF, and a 1 turns the display ON.
1110 = PCn_ :
Parameters
mmmmm
•
•
Echo Profile, TVT Curve, and Echo Marker displays ON
Echo Lock Window display OFF
Use the Scope Displays after pressing TRANSDUCER
to observe the result of
parameter alterations. (Take several measurements to verify repeatability and overcome
Echo Lock (P711) restrictions.)
P815 Echo Time Filtered
The time (in ms) from the transmission of the pulse, to when it is processed.
Primary Index
Transducer
Values
Range: 0.0 to 9999 (view only)
Related
•
Page 192
P816 Echo Time Raw
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
P816 Echo Time Raw
The time (in ms) from the transmit pulse to the processed echo.
Primary Index
Transducer
Values
Range: 0.0 to 9999 (view only)
Related
•
P815 Echo Time Filtered
Profile Pointer (P817 to P825)
When one of these parameters is accessed, the scope display changes: The Echo Lock
Window becomes the Profile Pointer. The Profile Pointer may be moved to any point on
the Echo Profile to gain specific information about the profile according to the selected
parameter.
To move the Profile Pointer to a specific point, enter the desired value and it will move to
the nearest acceptable Echo Profile point.
To scroll the Profile Pointer along the Echo Profile:
1.
Press
to display the Auxiliary Function symbol.
2.
3.
Press P or P to move the Profile Pointer to the left or right respectively.
When the Profile Pointer Parameters are exited, the scope display automatically
changes back to include the Echo Lock Window.
P817 Profile Pointer Time
The time (in ms) from the transmit pulse to the Profile Pointer.
Values
Range: 0.000 to 9999 (view only)
Related
•
•
•
•
7ML19981FC01
P818 Profile Pointer Distance
P819 Profile Pointer Amplitude
P820 Algorithm
P821 Spike Filter
•
•
•
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
P822 Narrow Echo Filter
P823 Reform Echo
P825 Echo Marker
Trigger
Page 193
mmmmm
Global
Parameters
Primary Index
P818 Profile Pointer Distance
The distance between the transducer face and the Profile Pointer.
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: 0.000 to 9999 (view only)
•
•
Related
•
P817 Profile Pointer Time
P819 Profile Pointer
Amplitude
P820 Algorithm
•
•
•
•
P821 Spike Filter
P822 Narrow Echo Filter
P823 Reform Echo
P825 Echo Marker Trigger
P819 Profile Pointer Amplitude
The amplitude (in dB above 1 uV) of the Echo Profile at the Pointer position.
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: 00 to 99 (view only)
•
•
Related
•
P817 Profile Pointer Time
P818 Profile Pointer
Distance
P820 Algorithm
•
•
•
•
P821 Spike Filter
P822 Narrow Echo Filter
P823 Reform Echo
P825 Echo Marker Trigger
P820 Algorithm
Chooses the algorithm to generate the measured value from the profile.
Parameters
mmmmm
Primary Index
Values
Global
1
ALF = flat Area, Largest, and First average
2
A = flat Area only
3
L = flat Largest only
4
F = flat First only
5
AL = flat Area and Largest average
6
AF = flat Area and First average
7
LF = flat Largest and First average
8
Page 194
*
bLF = smooth Largest or First
9
bL = smooth Largest only
10
bF = smooth First only
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
•
•
•
•
Related
•
•
•
•
P805 Echo Confidence
P817 Profile Pointer Time
P818 Profile Pointer Distance
P819 Profile Pointer
Amplitude
P821 Spike Filter
P822 Narrow Echo Filter
P823 Reform Echo
P825 Echo Marker Trigger
Use this to select the algorithm(s) the Sonic Intelligence®echo selection is based on. Use
P805 Echo Confidence (page 190) to determine which algorithm gives the highest
confidence under all level conditions. If the wrong echo is processed, observe the echo
processing displays and select an alternate algorithm, either by entering the numeric
value desired, or as below:
1.
Press MEASURE
2.
Press ARROWS
3.
Press ENTER
to display the Auxiliary Function symbol.
to access the desired Reading display symbols.
when the required algorithm is displayed.
P821 Spike Filter
Dampens spikes in the echo profile to reduce false readings.
Primary Index
Global
0
Values
Off
1
•
•
•
Related
*
On
•
•
•
•
P817 Profile Pointer Time
P818 Profile Pointer Distance
P819 Profile Pointer
Amplitude
P820 Algorithm
P822 Narrow Echo Filter
P823 Reform Echo
P825 Echo Marker Trigger
Use P821 if interference spikes are on the long shot Echo Profile display.
P822 Narrow Echo Filter
Primary Index
Values
Related
Global
0 = OFF (preset)
Greater = wider
•
•
•
P817 Profile Pointer Time
P818 Profile Pointer Distance
P819 Profile Pointer
Amplitude
•
•
•
•
P820 Algorithm
P821 Spike Filter
P823 Reform Echo
P825 Echo Marker Trigger
Use this for transducer acoustic beam interference (e.g. ladder rungs). Enter the width of
false echoes (in ms) to be removed from the long shot Echo Profile. When a value is keyed
in, the nearest acceptable value is entered.
7ML19981FC01
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mmmmm
Parameters
Filters out echoes of a specific width.
P823 Reform Echo
Smoothes jagged peaks in the echo profile.
Primary Index
Values
Related
Global
0 = OFF (preset)
Greater = wider
•
•
•
•
P002 Material
P817 Profile Pointer Time
P818 Profile Pointer Distance
P819 Profile Pointer
Amplitude
•
•
•
•
P820 Algorithm
P821 Spike Filter
P822 Narrow Echo Filter
P825 Echo Marker Trigger
Use this feature, when monitoring solids (P002 = 2), if the reported level fluctuates
slightly, though the monitored surface is still. Enter the amount (in ms) of long shot Echo
Profile smoothing required. When a value is keyed in, the nearest acceptable value is
entered.
P825 Echo Marker Trigger
The point on the primary echo on which the measured value is based.
Primary Index
Values
Parameters
mmmmm
Related
Global
Range: 5 to 95%
Preset: 50%
•
•
•
P817 Profile Pointer Time
P818 Profile Pointer Distance
P819 Profile Pointer
Amplitude
•
•
•
•
P820 Algorithm
P821 Spike Filter
P822 Narrow Echo Filter
P823 Reform Echo
Use this feature if the reported material level fluctuates slightly, due to a variable rise in
the leading edge of the true echo on the Echo Profile.
Enter the value (in percent of echo height) to ensure the Echo Lock Window intersects the
Echo Profile at the sharpest rising portion of the Echo Profile representing the true echo.
This value is preset to 50%.
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7ML19981FC01
Advanced TVT Adjustment (P830 to P835)
The following parameters are for authorized Siemens Milltronics Service personnel or
technicians familiar with Siemens Milltronics echo processing techniques.
Advanced TVT control applies to long shots only.
P830 TVT Type
Selects the TVT Curve used.
Primary Index
Global
Values
1
TVT Short Curved
2
TVT Short Flat
3
TVT Long Flat
4
TVT Long Smooth Front
5
TVT Long Smooth
6
TVT Slopes
Altered By
•
P002 Material
Related
•
•
P805 Echo Confidence
P835 TVT Slope Min
Select the TVT type giving the highest confidence (P805) under all level conditions. Use
this parameter with caution. Do not use TVT Slopes with the bF or bLF Algorithm (P820).
P831 TVT Shaper
Turns the TVT Shaper ON or OFF.
Related
Global
0
1
•
*
off
on
P832 TVT Shaper Adjust
Turn the TVT Shaper ON before and after using P832. Turn the TVT Shaper ON and OFF
while monitoring the effect to pick up the true echo.
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mmmmm
Values
Parameters
Primary Index
P832 TVT Shaper Adjust
Allows manual adjustment of the TVT curve.
Primary Index
Global
Range: -50 to 50
Values
Preset: 0
•
•
Related
P810 Scope Displays
P831 TVT Shaper
Use this feature to bias the shape of the TVT curve to avoid selecting false echoes from
fixed objects.
Adjustment to this parameter is best done while viewing the echo profile with Dolphin
Plus. Refer to the Dolphin Plus online help for details. If Dolphin Plus is not available, then
an oscilloscope can be used. When using an oscilloscope, the Echo Lock Window display
becomes the TVT Curve Pointer. See P810 Scope Displays on page 191 for more
information.
The TVT curve is divided into 40 breakpoints, accessible by enabling the point number as
the breakpoint index field. Each breakpoint is normalized to a value of 0, as displayed in
the parameter value field. By changing the breakpoint value, up or down, the intensity of
the bias applied to that breakpoint of the curve is respectively changed. By changing the
value of adjacent breakpoints, the effective bias to the shaper can be broadened to suit
the desired correction. In the case of multiple false echoes, shaping can be applied along
different points of the curve. Shaping should be applied sparingly in order to avoid
missing the true echo.
Parameters
mmmmm
Changing a breakpoint:
1.
2.
Confirm that P831, TVT shaper, is on.
Go to P832.
3.
Press PROGRAM
4.
5.
Press ARROWS
to scroll through the 40 points (or type in the desired point).
Enter the value from –50 to 50.
6.
Press
7.
Press TRANSDUCER
Page 198
twice to highlight the index value.
.
to update the scope display with the new TVT.
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
P833 TVT Start Min
Use this feature to adjust the TVT Curve height to ignore false echoes (or pick up true
echoes) near the start of the Echo Profile.
Primary Index
Global
Range: - 30 to 225
Values
Preset: 50
Related
•
P800 Near Blanking
•
P834 TVT Start Duration
Enter the minimum TVT Curve start point (in dB above 1 uV RMS).
This feature should only be used if increased Near Blanking (P800) would extend farther
than desired into the measurement range.
P834 TVT Start Duration
Use this feature in conjunction with TVT Start Min (P833) to ignore false echoes (or pick
up true echoes) near the start of the Echo Profile.
Primary Index
Global
Range: 0 to 9999
Values
Preset: 30
Related
•
P833 TVT Start Min
•
P835 TVT Slope Min
Enter the time (in ms) for the TVT Curve to decrease from the TVT Start Min (P833) point
to the TVT Curve baseline.
P835 TVT Slope Min
Primary Index
Values
Related
Global
Range: 0 to 9999
Preset: 200
•
P830 TVT Type
•
P834 TVT Start Duration
Use this feature to adjust the slope declination, and use it in conjunction with TVT Start
Duration (when a long flat TVT Type is selected) to ensure the TVT Curve remains above
the false echoes in the middle of the Echo Profile. Alternatively, if TVT Type is set for TVT
Slopes (P830 = 6), preset is 2000.
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Page 199
mmmmm
Parameters
Enter the minimum slope (in dB/s) for the middle of the TVT Curve.
Advanced Shot Adjustment (P840 to P852)
These parameters are for Siemens Milltronics service personnel only.
P840 Short Shot Number
The number of short shots to be fired (and results averaged) per transmit pulse.
Primary Index
Values
Related
Global
Range: 0 to 100
Preset: 1
•
•
•
P841 Long Shot Number
P842 Short Shot
Frequency
P844 Short Shot Width
•
•
•
P850 Short Shot Bias
P851 Short Shot Floor
P852 Short Shot Range
P841 Long Shot Number
Enter the number of long shots to be fired (and results averaged) per transmit pulse.
Primary Index
Values
Global
Range: 0 to 200
Preset: 5
Altered By
•
P003 Maximum Process Speed
Related
•
•
P840 Short Shot Number
P843 Long Shot Frequency
•
P845 Long Shot Width
Parameters
mmmmm
This value is automatically altered by Maximum Process Speed (P003).
P842 Short Shot Frequency
Adjust the short shot transmit pulse frequency (in kHz).
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: 42kHz to 46kHz
Altered By
•
P004 Transducer
Related
•
•
•
P840 Short Shot Number
P844 Short Shot Width
P850 Short Shot Bias
•
•
P851 Short Shot Floor
P852 Short Shot Range
This feature is automatically altered when Transducer (P004) is altered.
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7ML19981FC01
P843 Long Shot Frequency
Adjust the long shot transmit pulse frequency (in kHz).
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: 42kHz to 46kHz
Altered By
•
P004 Transducer
Related
•
•
P841 Long Shot Number
P842 Short Shot
Frequency
•
•
P843 Long Shot Frequency
P845 Long Shot Width
This feature is automatically altered when Transducer (P004) is altered.
P844 Short Shot Width
Adjust the width (in ms) of the short shot transmit pulse.
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: 0.000 to 5.000
Altered By
•
P004 Transducer
•
•
P840 Short Shot Number
P842 Short Shot
Frequency
P845 Long Shot Width
Related
•
•
•
•
P850 Short Shot Bias
P851 Short Shot Floor
P852 Short Shot Range
This feature is automatically altered when Transducer (P004) is altered.
P845 Long Shot Width
Global
Values
Range: 0.000 to 5.000
Altered By
•
P004 Transducer
Related
•
•
P841 Long Shot Number
P844 Short Shot Width
•
P843 Long Shot Frequency
This feature is automatically altered when Transducer (P004) is altered.
7ML19981FC01
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Page 201
mmmmm
Primary Index
Parameters
Adjust the width (in ms) of the long shot transmit pulse.
P850 Short Shot Bias
Use this feature to slant the echo evaluation in favour of the short shot echo when both
short and long shots are evaluated (see P803 Shot Mode) .
Primary Index
Values
Related
Global
Range: 0 to 100
Preset: 20
•
•
•
P803 Shot / Pulse Mode
P840 Short Shot Number
P842 Short Shot
Frequency
•
•
•
P844 Short Shot Width
P851 Short Shot Floor
P852 Short Shot Range
P851 Short Shot Floor
Enter the minimum echo strength (in dB above 1 uV) derived from a short shot to be
considered for evaluation.
Primary Index
Values
Related
Global
Range: 30 to 100
Preset: 50
•
•
P840 Short Shot Number
P842 Short Shot
Frequency
•
•
•
P844 Short Shot Width
P850 Short Shot Bias
P852 Short Shot Range
P852 Short Shot Range
Parameters
mmmmm
Enter the maximum distance in Units (P005) to be measured using short shot echoes.
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: 0.000 to 9999
Altered By
•
P004 Transducer
Related
•
•
P840 Short Shot Number
P842 Short Shot
Frequency
•
•
•
P844 Short Shot Width
P850 Short Shot Bias
P851 Short Shot Floor
This feature is automatically altered when Transducer (P004) is altered.
Page 202
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7ML19981FC01
Test (P900 to P913)
Test Parameters are intended for use by Siemens Milltronics Service personnel.
P900 Software Revision Number
View the EPROM Rev. #.
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: 00.00 to 99.99 (view only)
P901 Memory
Press ENTER
to activate the HydroRanger 200 memory test.
Primary Index
Global
Display: view only
Values
PASS
(memory test successful)
F1
RAM
F3
FLASH data
F4
FLASH code
P902 Watchdog
Press ENTER
to put the CPU into an infinite loop to test the watchdog timer.
Press ENTER
to activate the display test.
All LCD segments and symbols are temporarily displayed.
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 203
mmmmm
P903 Display
Parameters
On successful completion (10 seconds) the RUN mode is entered and the HydroRanger
200 is reset. Programming is kept and the unit responds as if there had been a power
failure.
P904 Keypad
Press ENTER
, then press each keypad key in the following sequence:
P
P
As each key is pressed, the associated keypad number is displayed. On successful test
completion, PASS is displayed. FAIL is displayed if a key is pressed out of sequence or the
programmer keypad malfunctions.
P905 Transmit Pulse
This feature may be used to monitor the transmit pulse with an oscilloscope connected to
the transducer terminals.
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: 42kHz to 46kHz (view only)
Altered By
•
Press ENTER
transducer.
P004 Transducer
to supply repeated transmit pulses, at the frequency entered, to the
P906 RS-232 Port
Press ENTER
to test the RS-232 port on the RJ-11.
An external device must be connected to the RS-232 port for this test. On successful
completion, PASS is displayed, otherwise it is FAIL.
Parameters
mmmmm
P908 Scanner
Press ENTER
to cycle the scanner relay while firing the transmitter.
Use this parameter to ensure that both transducers are being stimulated.
Page 204
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7ML19981FC01
P910 Toggle Relays
Used to energize and de-energize relays directly.
Primary Index
Global
Values
0 to 6
Related
•
P119 mA Relay Logic Test
Enter the relay number and then toggle between energized and de-energized, as
required. Enter 0 to toggle all relays at once.
Applies only to relays with P119 = 0 (algorithm control). Use this parameter to confirm that
relay contacts are opening and closing.
This feature is helpful when P119 does not give expected results even though
programming was verified.
P911 mA Output Value
Access this parameter to display the current value of the mA output.
Primary Index
mA output
Values
Range: 0.00 to 25.00
Related
•
•
P200 mA Output Range
P201 mA Output Function
Additionally, this feature may be used to enter a value. The mA output immediately
assumes the value entered regardless of any restrictions programmed.
P912 Transducer Temperature
Transducer
Values
Range: -50 to 150
Err is displayed if the transducer is not equipped with an internal temperature sensor.
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 205
mmmmm
Primary Index
Parameters
Use this feature to display the temperature in °C (as monitored by the connected
transducer).
P913 Sensor Temperature
Access this parameter to display the temperature in °C (as monitored by the TS-3).
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: -50 to 150
OPEn is displayed if a TS-3 is not connected.
P914 mA Input
Use this feature to display the mA input value (in mA).
Primary Index
mA input
Values
Range: 0.000 to 24.00
Measurement (P920 to P927)
All of these parameters are available in RUN mode and used to verify programming.
The range and values shown for each of these parameters depends on the Operation
(P001) chosen. The readings for each operation are listed below.
To Access in RUN Mode
1.
Ensure the device is in RUN mode.
2.
Press
P
The Auxiliary Reading field shows underscores P_ _ _
Parameters
mmmmm
3. Type the parameter number.
The field changes to the value of the specified parameter
These parameters are also available in simulation mode. See Testing the Configuration
section page 79 for instructions on how to control the simulation direction and rate.
P920 Reading Measurement
Corresponds to the final reading after all programming is applied.
Primary Index
Level point
Values
Range: -999 to 9999
In general this means that: P920 = Reading x P060 + P06.
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7ML19981FC01
Reading Measurements by Operation
P001
P050 = 0
P050 ≠ 0
0 – OFF
----
----
1 – Level
P921
P924
2 – Space
P922
100% - P924
3 – Distance
P927
P927
4 – Difference
P921 (indexed)
P921 (indexed)
5 – Average
P921 (indexed)
P921 (indexed)
6 – OCM
P925
P925
7 – Pump Totalizer
P925
P925
P921 Material Measurement
The distance in Units (P005) or % of Span (P007) between Empty (P006) and the
monitored surface.
Primary Index
Level Point
Values
Range: -999 to 9999
Related
•
•
•
P005 Units
P006 Empty
P007 Span
P922 Space Measurement
The distance between the monitored surface and Span (P007).
Values
Range: 0.000 to 9999
Related
•
P007 Span
P923 Distance Measurement
The distance between the monitored surface and the transducer face.
Primary Index
Transducer
Values
Range: 0.000 to 9999
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 207
mmmmm
Transducer
Parameters
Primary Index
P924 Volume Measurement
The calculated vessel capacity in Max Volume (P051) or % of Max Volume.
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: 0.000 to 9999
Related
•
P051 Maximum Volume
P925 Flow Measurement
The calculated flowrate in Max Flow (P604) units or % of Max Flow.
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: 0.000 to 9999
Related
•
P604 Maximum Flow
P926 Head Measurement
Parameters
mmmmm
Corresponds to Head (the distance from Zero Head (P605) to the monitored surface) in
Units (P005) or % of Span (P007).
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: -999 to 9999
Related
•
•
P005 Units
P007 Span
•
P605 Zero Head
P927 Distance Measurement
The distance between the surface and the transducer face.
Primary Index
Transducer
Values
Range: 0.000 to 9999
Related
•
•
P005 Units
P006 Empty
Use P923 unless the distance information is required in percent.
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7ML19981FC01
Master Reset (P999)
This feature resets all parameters to original values.
Primary Index
Global
Values
Range: 0.000 to 9999
Use this feature prior to initial programming if arbitrary Parameter Values were used
during a bench test, or after upgrading the software. Following a Master Reset, complete
reprogramming is required.
Performing a Master Reset
1.
2.
Access P999 and press CLEAR keys
C.ALL displays until the reset is complete.
.
CAUTION: be careful when using this feature. All data for all points will be reset. For
convenience, be sure to record the values you want to re-enter.
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 209
mmmmm
Parameters
7ML19981FC01
Parameters
mmmmm
Notes
Page 210
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
General Appendix A: Index types
Index types
Name
Description
# of indexes
Global
This parameter applies to the entire unit
n/a
View only
This parameter can not be set, only viewed
n/a
Breakpoint
Indexed by breakpoint
Parameter
dependent
Dimension
Indexed by PMD dimension
up to 7
Discrete Input
Indexed by discrete input
2
Echo Profile
Indexed by stored echo profile
10
Level Point1
Indexed by level point
1, 2 or 3
mA input1
Indexed by mA input
1
mA output1
Indexed by mA output
0 or 2
Comm. Port
Indexed by communications port
2
Relay
Indexed by relay
3 or 6
Transducer2
Indexed by transducer
1 or 2
1.
2.
The three level points are: Transducer One, Transducer Two, and the
calculated point which can be difference (P001=4) or average (P001=5).
Level point typically has one index in Standard Mode. A third index is
available in both modes when Operation (P001) is set for DPD (P001=4)
or DPA (P001=5).
The number of indexes available in Standard Mode is typically one, but
can be expanded to two if Operation (P001) is set for DPD (P001=4) or
DPA (P001=5).
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Appendix A: Index Types
7ML19981FC01
Appendix B: Tech Reference
mmmmm
General Appendix B: Technical Reference
Transmit Pulse
The transmit pulse consists of one or more electrical “shot” pulses, which are supplied to
the transducer connected to the HydroRanger 200 terminals. The transducer fires an
acoustic “shot” for each electrical pulse supplied. After each shot is fired, sufficient time
is provided for echo (shot reflection) reception before the next (if applicable) shot is fired.
After all shots of the transmit pulse are fired, the resultant echoes are processed. The
transmit pulse shot number, frequency, duration, delay, and associated measurement
range are defined by parameters P803, and P840 to P852.
Echo Processing
Echo processing consists of echo enhancement, true echo selection, and selected echo
verification.
Echo Enhancement is achieved by filtering (P821 and P822) and reforming (P823) the echo
profile (P810). The true echo (echo reflected by the intended target) is selected when that
portion of the echo profile meets the evaluation criteria of Sonic Intelligence®.
Insignificant portions of the echo profile outside of the measurement range (Span P006 +
Range Extension P801), below the TVT Curve (P830, and P832 to P835), and less than the
Confidence Threshold (P804) and Short Shot Floor (P851) are automatically disregarded.
The remaining portions of the Echo Profile are evaluated using the Algorithm (P820) and
Short Shot Bias (P850). The Echo Profile portion providing the best Echo Confidence
(P805) is selected.
True echo verification is automatic. The position (relation in time after transmit) of the
new echo is compared to that of the previously accepted echo. When the new echo is
within the Echo Lock Window (P713), it is accepted and displays, outputs, and relays are
updated per the Fuzz Filter (P710) and Rate Parameters (P700 to P703). If the new echo is
outside of the Window, it is not accepted until Echo Lock (P711) requirements are
satisfied.
Scope Display (P810)
Span (P007) + Range
extension (P801)
Echo Lock Window
TVT Curve
Echo Profile
Near Blanking (P800)
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Echo Marker
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7ML19981FC01
Cursor
Echo Marker
TVT Curve
Echo Profile
Distance Calculation
To calculate the transducer to material level (object) distance, the transmission medium
(atmosphere) sound velocity (P653) is multiplied by the acoustic transmission to reception
time period. This result is divided by 2 to calculate the one way distance.
Distance = Sound Velocity x Time / 2
The Reading displayed is the result of performing any additional modification to the
calculated distance (as determined by Operation P001, Units P005, Volume Conversion,
P050 to P054, Reading, P060 to P063, OCM, P600 to P611, and/or Totalizer P622 to P633
parameters).
Sound Velocity
The sound velocity of the transmission medium is affected by the type, temperature, and
vapor pressure of the gas or vapor present. As preset, the HydroRanger 200 assumes the
vessel atmosphere is air at 20°C (68°F). Unless altered, the sound velocity used for the
distance calculation is 344.1 m / s (1129 ft / s).
Variable air temperature is automatically compensated when a Siemens Milltronics
ultrasonic / temperature transducer is used. If the transducer is exposed to direct
sunlight, use a sunshield or a separate TS-3 temperature sensor.
Also, if the temperature varies between the transducer face and the liquid monitored, use
a TS-3 temperature sensor (submerged in the liquid) in combination with an ultrasonic /
temperature transducer. Set Temp Source (P660) for both, to average the transducer and
TS-3 measurements.
Atmosphere composition other than air can pose a challenge for ultrasonic level
measurement. However, excellent results may be obtained by performing a Sound
Velocity Calibration (P651) if the atmosphere is homogeneous (well mixed), at a fixed
temperature, and under consistent vapor pressure.
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Appendix B: Tech Reference
Dolphin Plus Display
Appendix B: Tech Reference
mmmmm
The HydroRanger 200 automatic temperature compensation is based on the sound
velocity / temperature characteristics of “air” and may not be suitable for the atmosphere
present. If the atmosphere temperature is variable, perform frequent Sound Velocity
Calibrations to optimize measurement accuracy.
Sound Velocity calibration frequency may be determined with experience. If the sound
velocity in two or more vessels is always similar, future calibrations may be performed on
one vessel and the resultant Velocity (P653) entered directly for the other vessel(s).
If the sound velocity of a vessel atmosphere is found to be repeatable at specific
temperatures, a chart or curve may be developed. Then, rather than performing a Sound
Velocity Calibration each time the vessel temperature changes significantly, the
anticipated Velocity (P653) may be entered directly.
Scanning
When echo processing is complete, (if more than 1 vessel is monitored) the scanning
relay changes state to supply the transmit pulse to the other transducer after the Scan
Delay (P727).
Scan Delay is automatically set by Maximum Process Speed (P003). When high speed
scanning is required (sometimes the case for equipment position monitoring), the Scan
Delay may be reduced. Reduce the Scan Delay only as required, otherwise premature
scanning relay fatigue could occur.
When a single point HydroRanger 200 is programmed for differential or average level
Operation (P001 = 4 or 5), two transducers of the same type must be used.
Volume Calculation
The unit provides a variety of volume calculation features (P050 to P055).
If the vessel does not match any of the eight preset Tank Shape calculations, a Universal
Volume calculation may be used. Use the level/volume graph or chart provided by the
vessel fabricator (or create one based on the vessel dimensions). Based on the graph,
choose the Universal Volume calculation, and select the level vs. volume breakpoints to
be entered (32 max). Generally, the more breakpoints entered, the greater the accuracy.
Universal, Linear (P050 = 9)
This volume calculation creates a piece-wise linear approximation of the level/volume
curve. This option provides best results if the curve has sharp angles joining relatively
linear sections.
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For combination curves (mostly linear but include 1 or more arcs), enter numerous
breakpoints along the arc, for best volume calculation accuracy.
Set P050 = 10
This calculation creates a cubic spline approximation of the level/volume curve, providing
best results if the curve is non-linear, and there are no sharp angles.
Select at least enough breakpoints from the curve to satisfy the following:
•
2 breakpoints very near the minimum level
•
1 breakpoint at the tangent points of each arc
•
1 breakpoint at each arc apex
•
2 breakpoints very near the maximum level
For combination curves, enter at least two breakpoints immediately before and after any
sharp angle (as well as one breakpoint exactly at the angle) on the curve.
Flow Calculation
The HydroRanger 200 provides numerous OCM flow calculation features (P600 to P611).
If the PMD (primary measuring device) does not match any of the eight preset PMD
calculations, or if a PMD is not used, select a Universal Volume calculation. Use the head/
flow graph or chart provided by the PMD fabricator (or create one based on the PMD or
channel dimensions).
Based on the graph, choose the Universal Flow calculation, and select the head versus
flow breakpoints to be entered (32 max). Generally, the more breakpoints entered, the
greater the flow calculation accuracy.
Universal, Linear
Set P600 = 4.
This flow calculation creates a piece-wise linear approximation of the head/flow curve.
This option provides best results if the curve has sharp angles joining relatively linear
sections.
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Universal, Curved
Appendix B: Tech Reference
Enter a Level Breakpoint at each point where the level/volume curve bends sharply (2
minimum).
mmmmm
Appendix B: Tech Reference
Enter a Head Breakpoint at each point where the head/flow curve bends sharply (2
minimum). For combination curves (mostly linear but include 1 or more arcs), enter
numerous breakpoints along the arc, for best flow calculation accuracy.
Universal, Curved
This calculation creates a cubic spline approximation of the head/flow curve, providing
best results if the curve is non-linear, and there are no sharp angles.
Select at least enough breakpoints from the curve to satisfy the following:
•
2 breakpoints very near the minimum head
•
1 breakpoint at the tangent points of each arc
•
1 breakpoint at each arc apex
•
2 breakpoints very near the maximum head
For combination curves, enter at least two breakpoints immediately before and after any
sharp angle (as well as one breakpoint exactly at the angle) on the curve. For more
information, go to Typical Flow Characterization on page 76.
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The HydroRanger 200’s ability to respond to material level changes is designed to exceed
even the most demanding installation requirements.
Values Dependent on Maximum Process
Speed (P003)
Parameter
(units)
1 (slow)
2 (medium)
3 (fast)
P070 Failsafe Timer (min)
100
10
1
P700 Max Fill Rate (m/min)
0.1
1
10
P701 Max Empty Rate (m/min)
0.1
1
10
P702 Filling Indicator (m/min)
0.01
0.1
1
P703 Emptying Indicator (m/min)
0.01
0.1
1
P704 Rate Filter (option)
4
2
2
P710 Fuzz Filter (% of Span)
100
50
10
P713 Echo Lock Window
(per P701 / P702 and time since last valid measurement).
P727 Scan Delay (seconds)
5
5
3
P841 Long Shot Number
10
5
2
If any of these parameters are independently altered, a Maximum Process Speed (P003)
parameter alteration automatically resets the independently altered value.
Slower Maximum Process Speed (P003) provides greater measurement reliability. Faster
independently set Max Fill (P700) and Max Empty (P701) Rates may be impeded by Echo
Lock (P711), Scan Delay (P727), and Shot Delay (P728) values.
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The Maximum Process Speed setting automatically presets various parameters affecting
the HydroRanger 200 response to material level changes as follows:
Appendix B: Tech Reference
Maximum Process Speed
General Appendix C: Troubleshooting
Note: Many of the parameters and techniques described here require extensive
knowledge of ultrasonic technologies and Milltronics echo processing software. Use
this information with caution.
Appendix C: Troubleshooting
mmmmm
If the setup becomes too confusing use P999 to reset and start again.
Common Problems Chart
Symptom
Cause
Action
Display blank, transducer not pulsing.
No power.
Check power supply, wiring, or
power fuse.
No response to programmer.
Obstructed infrared interface,
defective programmer
Check programmer usage:
15 cm (6”) from faceplate
pointed at upper target.
Displays Short and
tb:(#).
Short circuited transducer
cable, or defective transducer at indicated terminal
block number.
Repair or replace as necessary.
Transducer not connected or
connection reversed.
Check connection to displayed
terminal blocks.
Open circuited transducer
cable, or defective transducer at indicated terminal
block number.
Repair or replace as necessary.
Displays Open and
tb:(#).
Displays LOE.
Weak or non-existent echo.
Displays Error and
tb:(#).
Displays EEEE
Page 218
Relocate and/or re-aim transducer at material.
Proceed to Measurement Difficulties.
Wrong transducer selected
(P004).
Verify transducer type and reenter value.
Transducer connected in
“two wire” method.
Do not tie white and shield
together. Use all three terminal
blocks.
Transducer connected backwards.
Reverse black and white wires
on terminal block.
Value too large to display in 4
or 5 characters.
Select larger Units (P005), or
lower Convert Reading (P061).
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Reading fluctuates
while material level is
still (or vice versa).
Incorrect measurement stabilization.
Reading is fixed,
regardless of the
actual material level.
Transducer acoustic beam
obstructed, standpipe too
narrow, or transducer ringing
(reads over 100%).
Alter Maximum Process Speed
(P003) or damping (P704)
accordingly. See Maximum Process Speed.
Relocate and / or re-aim transducer at material level or object.
Proceed to Measurement Difficulties below.
Measurement accuracy improves as
level nears transducer.
Reading is erratic,
with little or no relation to material level.
Incorrect Empty (zero) reference for level operation
(P001 = 1).
Incorrect Sound Velocity used
for distance calculation.
See Empty (P006), Reading Offset (P063), Offset Calibration
(P650), & Offset Correction
(P652).
Use a transducer with a built-in
temperature sensor or a TS-3
temperature sensor.
See Sound Velocity.
True echo too weak or wrong
echo being processed.
Relocate and / or re-aim transducer at material.
Check noise parameters. See
Noise Problems.
Noise Problems
Incorrect readings can be the result of noise problems, either acoustic or electrical, in the
application.
The noise present at the input to the ultrasonic receiver can be determined by viewing
parameter P807. The display reads ##:##, where the first number is the average noise and
the second is the peak noise. In general, the most useful value is the average noise.
With no transducer attached the noise is under 5 dB. This is often called the noise floor. If
the value with a transducer attached is greater than 5 dB, then signal processing
problems can occur. High noise decreases the maximum distance that can be measured.
The exact relationship between noise and maximum distance is dependent on the
transducer type and the material being measured. Any average noise level greater than
20 dB is probably cause for concern unless the distance is much shorter than the
maximum for the transducer.
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mmmmm
Material level
reported is always
incorrect by the same
amount.
Appendix C: Troubleshooting
See also: Transducer Ringing.
Determine the Noise Source
Disconnect the transducer from the HydroRanger 200. If the measured noise is below 5
dB, then continue here. If the measured noise is above 5 dB go to Non-Transducer Noise
Sources below.
Connect only the shield wire of the transducer to the HydroRanger 200. If the
measured noise is below 5 dB, continue with the next step. If the noise is above 5
dB, go to Common Wiring Problems.
2. Connect the white and black transducer wires to the HydroRanger 200. Record the
average noise.
3. Remove the positive wire of the transducer. Record the average noise.
4. Re-connect the positive wire and remove the negative wire. Record the average
noise.
Using the table below, determine the appropriate next step. The terms higher, lower and
unchanged refer to the noise recorded in the previous steps.
These are guidelines only. If the suggested solution does not solve the problem, try the
other options also.
- removed
higher
noise
Appendix C: Troubleshooting
mmmmm
1.
unchanged
lower
+ removed
Go to:
higher
Reducing Electrical Noise
unchanged
Common Wiring Problems
lower
Reducing Acoustical Noise
higher
Reducing Electrical Noise
unchanged
Contact Siemens Milltronics
lower
Reducing Acoustical Noise
higher
Common Wiring Problems
unchanged
Common Wiring Problems
lower
Reducing Acoustical Noise
Acoustical Noise
To confirm that the problem is acoustical, place several layers of cardboard over the face
of the transducer. If the noise is reduced, the noise is definitely acoustical.
Non-Transducer Noise Sources
Remove all input and output cables from the HydroRanger 200 individually while
monitoring the noise. If removing a cable reduces the noise, that cable may be picking up
noise from adjacent electrical equipment. Check that low voltage cables are not being
run adjacent to high voltage cables or near to electrical noise generators such as variable
speed drives.
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Filtering cables is an option but is not recommended unless all other options have been
exhausted.
The HydroRanger 200 is designed to work near heavy industrial equipment such as
variable speed drives. Even so, it should not be located near high voltage wires or switch
gear.
Common Wiring Problems
Make sure that the transducer shield wire is connected at the electronics end only.
Do not ground it at any other location.
•
Do not connect the transducer shield wire to the white wire.
•
The exposed transducer shield wire must be as short as possible.
•
Connections between the wire supplied with the transducer, and any customer
installed extension wire should be done in grounded metal junction boxes.
On Siemens Milltronics transducers the white wire is negative and the black wire is
positive. If the extension wire is colored differently, make sure that it is wired consistently.
Extension wire must be shielded twisted pair. Older HydroRanger 200 products may have
included recommendations to use co-axial cable for noise reduction purposes. This is no
longer the case. Use shielded twisted pair. See the installation section for specifications.
Reducing Electrical Noise
•
•
•
•
Ensure that the transducer cable does not run parallel to other cables carrying high
voltage or current.
Move the transducer cable away from noise generators such as variable speed
drives.
Put the transducer cable in grounded metal conduit.
Filter the noise source.
Reducing Acoustical Noise
•
•
•
•
•
Move the transducer away from the noise source.
Use a stilling well.
Install a rubber or foam bushing or gasket between the transducer and the
mounting surface.
Relocate or insulate the noise source.
Change the frequency of the noise. The HydroRanger 200 is only sensitive to noise
between 25 KHz and 65 KHz.
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mmmmm
•
Appendix C: Troubleshooting
Try moving the electronics to a different location. Often moving the electronics a few
meters farther from the source of noise will fix the problem. Shielding the electronics is
also an option, but it should be a last resort. Proper shielding is expensive and is difficult
to install properly–the shielding box must enclose the HydroRanger 200 electronics
completely, and all wires must be brought to the box through grounded metal conduit.
Measurement Difficulties
If the Failsafe Timer (P070) expires due to a measurement difficulty, LOE flashes
alternately with the last known Reading. In rare cases, the HydroRanger 200 may lock on
to a false echo and report a fixed or wrong reading.
Flashing LOE Display
Appendix C: Troubleshooting
mmmmm
The loss of echo (LOE) display appears when the echo confidence is below the threshold
value set in P805 Echo Confidence.
LOE occurs when:
•
•
The echo is lost and no echo is shown above the ambient noise. See low echo
confidence (P805) and low echo strength (P806).
Two echoes are too similar to differentiate. See low echo confidence (P805) and low
echo strength (P806).
If LOE is displayed, check the following:
•
•
•
•
Surface monitored is within the transducer maximum range
Transducer model (P004) matches the transducer used
Transducer is located and aimed properly
Transducer is not submerged without a submergence shield
Adjust Transducer Aiming
See the Transducer manual for range, mounting, and aiming details. For optimum
performance, adjust transducer aiming to provide the best Echo Confidence (P805) and
Echo Strength (P806) for all material levels within the measurement range.
The most efficient method of checking echoes is with Siemens Milltronics Dolphin Plus
software.
Page 222
Displaying Echoes
Editing Parameters
Use Dolphin Plus to graphically
display the echo profile at the
installation. Interpret the echo profile
and change relevant parameters.
Edit the parameter values. Use
F1 to get online help at any
time.
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Displaying Echo Confidence in the RUN mode
Press
and hold for four seconds (Failsafe Time Left changes to the Short:Long
Confidence display).
To display Echo Confidence in the program mode, access the Echo Confidence (P805)
parameter.
To update the value displayed after each aiming adjustment..
Press
(five times or more to verify stability and overcome any echo lock P711).
Increase the Failsafe Timer (P070) value, if failsafe operation will not be compromised by
the larger value.
Install a Transducer with a Narrower Beam
Sometimes the interference echoes from the sides of a vessel can cause the
HydroRanger 200 to lock onto a consistent, incorrect level. Try installing a longer range
(narrower beam) transducer, enter the new transducer model (P004), and (if necessary)
optimize aiming and frequency again.
Always contact your Siemens Milltronics service personnel before selecting a transducer
to solve this type of problem.
Use Dolphin Plus to Debug Echo
If a narrower beam transducer is not available, use Dolphin Plus to view live sonic
profiles and make adjustments to the Advanced Echo Processing parameters.
If you do not own Dolphin Plus, connect an oscilloscope and use the hand programmer to
adjust the same parameters. (See P810: Scope Displays.)
Fixed Reading
If the Reading is a fixed value, regardless of the transducer to material surface distance,
ensure the:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Transducer acoustic beam is free from obstruction.
Transducer is properly aimed
Transducer is not in contact with any metal object.
Material mixer (if used) is operating while the HydroRanger 200 is operating. If it is
stopped, ensure that the mixer blade is not stopped under the transducer.
Obstructions in the Sound Beam
Check for (and remove if present) any acoustic beam obstruction, or relocate the
transducer.
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mmmmm
Try this only if LOE shows for short periods of time.
Appendix C: Troubleshooting
Increase Failsafe Timer Value
If an obstruction cannot be removed or avoided, adjust the Time Varying Threshold (TVT)
Curve to reduce the Echo Confidence derived from the sound reflected by the obstruction.
Use Dolphin Plus to adjust the TVT curve or use an oscilloscope and a hand programmer
to adjust the required parameters. (See Scope Displays, P810 and TVT Shaper, P832.)
Appendix C: Troubleshooting
mmmmm
Nozzle Mountings
If the transducer is mounted on or in a nozzle, grind smooth any burrs or welds on the
inside or open end (the end that opens into the vessel). If the problem persists, install a
larger diameter or shorter length nozzle, bevel the inside of the bottom end, or cut the
open end of the nozzle at a 45° angle.
See the transducer manual for complete mounting instructions.
For ST-series and XPS-10 transducers use the plastic conduit / flange adapter supplied
with the unit.
If the mounting hardware is over tightened, loosen it. Over tightening changes the
resonance characteristics of the transducer and can cause problems.
Set the HydroRanger 200 to Ignore the Bad Echo
If the preceding remedies have not fixed the problem, the false echo has to be ignored.
If the Echo is Close to the Transducer
If there is a static, incorrect, high level reading from the HydroRanger 200 there is
probably something reflecting a strong echo back to the transducer. If the material level
never reaches that point extend the Near Blanking (P800) to a distance to just past the
obstruction.
Adjust the TVT to Ignore the Echo
If increasing Near Blanking is unacceptable then the TVT Curve must be raised in the
area of the false echo to ignore the false echo.
Use Dolphin Plus to view live sonic profiles and make adjustments to the TVT curve.
If you do not own Dolphin Plus, connect an oscilloscope and use the hand programmer to
adjust the same parameters.
Continue making minor TVT Curve adjustments and taking new measurements while
observing the Echo Marker position until the Echo Lock Window repeatedly locks onto
the true echo. Verify the false echo is still ignored, regardless of the vessel material level,
or empty / fill activity. Finally, ensure that the true material level can still be measured in
the area where the TVT was adjusted.
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Wrong Reading
If the Reading is erratic, or jumps to some incorrect value periodically, ensure the:
1.
2.
3.
Surface monitored is not beyond the HydroRanger 200’s programmed range or the
transducer’s maximum range.
Material is not falling into the transducer’s acoustic beam.
Material is not inside the blanking distance of the transducer.
Types of Wrong Readings
Liquid Splashing
If the material monitored is a liquid, check for splashing in the vessel. Enter a lower
Maximum Process Speed (P003) value to stabilize the Reading, or install a stilling well.
(Contact Siemens Milltronics or your local distributor.)
Adjust the Echo Algorithm
Use Dolphin Plus to view live sonic profiles and make adjustments to the P820 Algorithm
parameter. See the Parameter Reference for details.
If you do not own Dolphin Plus, connect an oscilloscope and use the hand programmer to
adjust the same parameter.
If the “Area” algorithm is used and narrow noise spikes are evident on the (long shot)
Echo Profile, turn the Spike Filter (P821) on and/or widen the Narrow Echo Filter (P822).
Also, if the true echo has jagged peaks, use Reform Echo (P823).
If multiple echoes appear on the Echo Profile, typical of a flat material profile (especially if
the vessel top is domed), use the “first” Algorithm.
If the Echo Profile repeatedly switches from short to long, adjust the Short Shot Range
(P852) to stabilize the “shot” mode used for the echo evaluation. Also, adjust the Short
Shot Bias to increase (or decrease the amount of preference given to short shot echoes
over long shot echoes.
Should a stable measurement still not be attainable, contact Milltronics or your local
distributor.
Transducer Ringing
If the transducer is mounted too tightly, or if it is mounted so that its side touches
something, its resonance characteristics change and this can cause problems.
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mmmmm
If the wrong Reading is random, ensure the material surface to transducer distance is
less than the Empty value entered plus 20%. If the material/object monitored is outside
this distance, increase Range Extension (P801) as required. This error is most common in
OCM applications using weirs.
Appendix C: Troubleshooting
If a periodic wrong Reading is always the same value, see Fixed Reading.
Normal Ring Down
Ring Down
Appendix C: Troubleshooting
mmmmm
Echo Profile
TVT curve
Time of Correct Echo
Poor Ring Down
Ring Down
Echo Profile
TVT Curve
Time of false echo from ringing
Ring down times that extend past the near blanking area can be interpreted by the
HydroRanger 200 as the material level and are characterized by a steady high level being
reported.
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General Appendix D: Pump Control
Reference
The HydroRanger 200 has the pump control strategies to solve nearly any water /
wastewater application. This section details these strategies for engineers requiring indepth knowledge of the system and how it operates.
Pump Control Options
The various methods of pump control are made up of a combination of two control
variables:
Pump Duty
The pump duty indicates in what sequence pumps are started.
Pump Start Method
The HydroRanger 200 groups pumps that use identical pumping strategies based on the
value of Relay Control Function (P111). Generally, one group of pumps corresponds to one
wet well or reservoir.
Pump by Rate
To trigger pump starts by the rate of change in material level use P121–Pump by Rate
(P121). New pumps are started, one at a time, until the rate setpoint (Filling Indicator
(P702), or Emptying Indicator(P703)) is reached.
Pump Control Algorithms
All of these algorithms can be used to start multiple pumps (assist) or one pump at a time
(backup).
The HydroRanger 200 has three main methods of pump control:
Fixed
Starts pumps based on individual setpoints and always starts the same pumps in the
same sequence.
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mmmmm
Pump Groups
Appendix D: Pump Control
The start method indicates whether new pumps start and run with any currently running
pumps (most common) or whether new pumps start and shut off currently running
pumps.
Alternate
Starts pumps based on the duty schedule and always leads with a new pump.
Service Ratio
Starts pumps based on user-defined ratio of running time.
Fixed Duty Assist (P111 = 50)
Ties the indexed pump relay directly to the indexed setpoint.
Relay Operation (for P118 = 2)
The relay contact closes at the ON setpoint and opens at the OFF setpoint. Multiple relay
contacts in the pump group can be closed at the same time.
Relay Table
The following table shows relay status when each setpoint is reached.
Index
Setpoints
Appendix D: Pump Control
mmmmm
Relays
1
2
3
On 3
On
On
On
On 2
On
On
Off
On 1
On
Off
Off
Off 0
Off
Off
Off
Fixed Duty Backup (P111 = 51)
Ties the indexed pump relay directly to the indexed setpoint.
Relay Operation (for P118 = 2)
The relay contact closes at the ON setpoint and opens at the OFF setpoint. When a new
relay trips the previously closed relay contact opens to shut down the running pump.
Only one relay contact in the pump group can be closed at any one time.
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Relay Table
The following table shows relay status when each setpoint is reached.
Relays
Setpoints
Index
1
2
3
On 3
Off
Off
On
On 2
Off
On
Off
On 1
On
Off
Off
Off 0
Off
Off
Off
Alternate Duty Assist (P111 = 52)
Alternates the lead pump each time the material level cycles and runs all pumps together.
Relay Operation (for P118 = 2)
Setpoint one does not relate directly to relay one. The pumping algorithm manages the
mapping of setpoints to relays.
Relay Table
Setpoints
Cycle 1
1
2
3
On 3
On
On
On
On 2
On
On
Off
On 1
On
Off
Off
Off 0
Off
Off
Off
1
2
3
On 3
On
On
On
On 2
Off
On
On
On 1
Off
On
Off
Off 0
Off
Off
Off
Cycle 2
Setpoints
Relays
7ML19981FC01
Relays
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 229
mmmmm
When pumps are run, they RUN in parallel.
Appendix D: Pump Control
The setpoints associated with the relays are grouped so that they can be rotated.
Setpoints
Cycle 3
Relays
1
2
3
On 3
On
On
On
On 2
On
Off
On
On 1
Off
Off
On
Off 0
Off
Off
Off
Alternate Duty Backup (P111 = 53)
Alternates the lead pump each time the material level cycles.
Relay Operation (for P118 = 2)
Relay Table
Setpoints
Cycle 1
Relays
1
2
3
On 3
Off
Off
On
On 2
Off
On
Off
On 1
On
Off
Off
0ff 0
Off
Off
Off
Cycle 2
Relays
1
Setpoints
Appendix D: Pump Control
mmmmm
The setpoints associated with the relays are grouped so that they can be rotated.
Setpoint one does not relate directly to relay one. The pumping algorithm manages the
mapping of setpoints to relays. When pumps are run, they can RUN only one at a time.
Page 230
2
3
On 3
On
Off
Off
On 2
Off
Off
On
On 1
Off
On
Off
Off 0
Off
Off
Off
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Setpoints
Cycle 3
Relays
1
2
3
On 3
Off
On
Off
On 2
On
Off
Off
On 1
Off
Off
On
Off 0
Off
Off
Off
Service Ratio Duty Assist (P111 = 54)
Selects the lead pump based on number of hours each pump has run and the specified
ratios that each pump requires. Multiple pumps can run at one time.
Relay Operation (for P118 = 2)
The setpoints associated with the relays are grouped so they can be redistributed based
on pump RUN time ratios. The next pump to start or stop is the one with the required time
to actual time ratio.
P122 is set to these values:
P122 Index
Value
1
25
2
25
3
50
Service Ratio Duty Backup (P111 = 55)
Selects the lead pump based on number of hours each pump has RUN and the specified
ratios that each pump requires. Only one pump can RUN at a time.
This algorithm is the same as Service Ratio Duty Assist except that it will only RUN one
pump at a time. When the next pump in the sequence starts, the previous pump stops.
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 231
mmmmm
To create a grouping of pumps where two pumps make up 50% of the run time and the
third pump makes up the other 50%.
Appendix D: Pump Control
Over time the number of hours demanded of each pump will conform to the ratios
specified. Usually, the ratios are specified in percent values.
First In First Out (FIFO) (P111 = 56)
Selects the lead pump based on the Alternate duty but uses staggered off setpoints and
shuts down pumps based on the first in, first out rule.
This algorithm starts pumps in the same way as Alternate Duty Assist but uses staggered
OFF setpoints to shut the pumps down. When the first OFF setpoint is reached the FIFO
rule shuts down the first pump started. If the pumps started in sequence 2,3,1 then they
would be shut down in sequence 2,3,1.
Pump by Rate (P121)
Starts pumps until the level is changing at the rate specified in P702 or P703.
Pumping costs can be less because only the highest ON setpoint needs to be
programmed and this results in a lower difference in head to the next wet well which, in
turn, results in less energy being used to pump out the well.
Appendix D: Pump Control
mmmmm
Other Pump Controls
There are a number of other controls available to modify pump behaviour.
Pump Run-On (P130, P131)
Extends the RUN period for a pump based on the number of pump starts. This allows for
the wet well to be pumped lower than usual and reduces sludge build-up on the well
bottom.
Pump Exercising (P134)
Runs idle pumps and reduce the chance of seizing.
Wall Cling Reduction (P136)
Varies the ON and OFF setpoints to keep a fat ring from forming around the walls of the
wet well.
Pump Group (P137)
Allows for two different Alternate Duty Assist or Alternate Duty Backup pump groups in
the same application.
Flush Device (P170 to P173)
Operates a flush valve or special flush device based on the number of pump starts,
usually to aerate wet well wastewater.
Page 232
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
General Appendix E: Updating Software
Updating Software
To update the software in the HydroRanger 200, please contact your Siemens Milltronics
representative to obtain the software. For a complete list of representatives, go to
www.milltronics.com.
WARNING: All parameter values will be lost during software
upgrade. Record current parameter values manually or using Dolphin
Plus before the upgrade.
To install the software, please complete the following:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Connect your PC or laptop to the HydroRanger 200 RJ-11 RS-232 port.
Run the .exe Downloader program in the software. Use this to set the RS-232
settings to match your HydroRanger 200. Please note that the software default
settings will already match the default settings of the unit. Changes are only
necessary if the RS-232 settings in the unit have been changed.
Complete the Downloader program steps.
Verify that Downloader confirms a succesful upgrade before exiting.
Appendix E: Updfate Software
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 233
General Appendix F: Upgrading
The following procedure will assist you if you are upgrading from a HydroRanger to a
HydroRanger 200.
If the application is unchanged, copy down the parameters in the HydroRanger before decommissioning the unit.
Mounting a HydroRanger 200
Please read the HydroRanger 200 Installation section on page 7 before mounting the new
HydroRanger 200 enclosure.
Make sure the power is OFF to the unit before following these steps:
1.
2.
Remove the old HydroRanger.
Mount the new HydroRanger 200 using the same mounting holes.
Connecting the Transducer
Important: Unlike the HydroRanger , coaxial cable is not recommended for use with the
HydroRanger 200 for transducer cable extensions. The HydroRanger 200 circuit is
designed to use shielded twisted pair cable. Ideally, the coaxial cable should be replaced
with twisted pair.
If this is not practical, please refer to the Coaxial Transducer Extension section below.
Coaxial Transducer Extention
The HydroRanger 200 uses a new differential input receiver that works either directly
connected to the transducer lead or with a screened twisted pair extension cable via a
field junction box. This arrangement, using two conductors and a screen, gives
considerably better electrical noise immunity than the previous coaxial arrangement (up
to 20dB) and will give reliable operation in applications where the proximity of power
cables, variable speed drives etc. would have caused problems.
General Appendix F
mmmmm
If you are installing a new HydroRanger 200 system we strongly recommend that you use
a good quality screened, twisted pair cable if an extension is required. If the integral
transducer cable is used you need only connect to the HydroRanger 200 and benefit from
the superior performance.
Transducer
Page 234
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Connecting a transducer with RG62 coaxial extension cable
If you are replacing an older Milltronics Ultrasonic Level Controller with a new
HydroRanger 200 where an RG-62 coaxial extension is fitted and you are unable to
replace the extension with a new cable, please refer to connection diagram below.
Please note that the noise immunity performance will be similar to our older model
ultrasonic level controllers if you use coaxial cable.
Existing installation
RG62 coaxial cable has been used to make the extension. The level controller might be a
HydroRanger 200, HydroRanger, HydroRanger Plus or one of our other level controllers.
Transducer
HydroRanger 200 Installation (for retrofitting HydroRanger Installations)
Connect with a 0.1µF (100v or greater) capacitor (supplied with the HydroRanger 200)
between the shield and negative terminals. Connect centre core of the coaxial to the
positive terminal and the screen to the negative terminal.
Transducer
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 235
mmmmm
General Appendix F
7ML19981FC01
HydroRanger to HydroRanger 200 Parameters
The HydroRanger 200 uses the current Milltronics standard parameter set which is
different than the parameter numbers used in the HydroRanger.
The HydroRanger parameters numbers are sequential (P-0 to P-99). The HydroRanger 200
parameters number are also sequential; however, some of the parameters are indexed.
Parameters are indexed when they apply to more than one input or output. The index
value defines the input/output for that parameter. Indexed parameters contain a value for
each index, even if that index is not used.
Example
In the HydroRanger each relay had a dedicated parameter number for its function, ON
and OFF points.
HydroRanger Relay One
•
•
•
P-8: Function
P-9 : ON setpoint
P-10: OFF setpoint
HydroRanger 200 uses P111 for all relays and indexes these parameters.
•
•
•
P-111: Function
P-112: ON
P-113: OFF
The following tables show the differences between theHydroRanger and the
HydroRanger 200. They each show one relay programmed as a high alarm, and two
relays programmed for pump control with alternating pump starts:
HydroRanger
General Appendix F
mmmmm
Relay
Page 236
HydroRanger 200
Parameter
Value
Relay
Parameter
Value
1
P-8 (relay function)
1 (alarm)
1
P111 [1] (relay function) 1
1
P-9 (ON setpoint)
4m
1
P112 [1] (ON setpoint)
4m
1
P10 (OFF setpoint)
3.5 m
1
P113[1] (OFF setpoint)
3.5 m
2
P-11 (relay function) 9
2
P111[2] (relay function)
52
2
P-12 (ON setpoint)
3.2 m
2
P112[2] (ON setpoint)
3.2 m
2
P-13 (OFF setpoint)
0.5 m
2
P113[2] (OFF setpoint)
0.5 m
3
P-14 (relay function) 9
3
P111[3] (relay function)
52
3
P-15 (ON setpoint)
3.4 m
3
P112[3] (ON setpoint)
3.4 m
3
P-16 (OFF setpoint)
0.6 m
3
P113[3] (OFF setpoint)
0.6 m
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML19981FC01
Index
data types 101
bit values 101
default auxiliary reading 20
dimensions 8, 33
discrete inputs 41, 94
indexing 29
logic 41
wiring 41
display 4
auxiliary 20
controlling 19
distance 18
echo confidence 18
failsafe time left 18
head (OCM) 18
multiple readings 21
pump hours 18
rate of change 18
temperature 18
display readout 28
distance calculation 213
Dolphin Plus 24, 29, 83
changing parameters 29
communication settings 85
updating software 233
B
backup level override 40
battery 10
bit values 101
blanking
troubleshooting 224
with Span 117
board 9
C
cable 12
routing 8
cabling guidelines 86
calibration
mA output 42
characterization chart 45
communication ports
configuring 88
communications 83
communications installation 86
configuration 2
control
rake 62
controlling the display 19
7ML1998IFC01
E
echo confidence, run mode 18
echo processing 212
echo profile example 191
enabling new functions 233
enclosure 6
error codes 28, 110
error handling 105
exponential flow 72
external totalizers 64
F
failsafe 33
by relay 38
fat ring 59
first in first out (FIFO) 55, 232
fixed duty assist 54
flash update 233
flow calculation 215
flow sampler 65
flume
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 237
mmmmm
D
accuracy 4
adding new functions 233
alarm 47
bounded 49
cable fault 49
common parameters 47
emptying rate 48
filling rate 48
level 47
loss of echo 50
rate 48
temperature 49
alternate duty assist 229
alternate duty backup 52, 53, 54, 230
alternate duty service 55
application
test 81
applications
preset 38
testing 79
approvals 6
auxiliary reading 20
Index
A
Index
mmmmm
cut throat 75
H flume 71
Leopold Lagco 74
Palmer Bowlus 70
Parshall 73, 77
rectangular 69
universal trapezoidal 77
flush valve 60
format words 98
Frequency Input 145
G
global index method 97
group pumps 60
H
H flume 157
hand programmer 22
head measurement 18
head vs. flowrate breakpoints 163
I
in bounds 49
independent failsafe 58
index method
global 97
parameter specific 97
index types 211
indexed parameters 31
indexing
parameters 29
points 29
input / output 93
inputs 5
installation 7
L
LCD controlling 19
level alarms 47
LOE 50
loss of echo (LOE) 33
alarm 50
M
mA
calibrating 42
input 42
loops 42
output 42, 43
map ID 92
maximum process speed 217
maximum separation 86
measurement
difficulties 222
set up 32
Page 238
setting up 32
single point 32
starting 32
Modbus 84
register map 91
responses 105
mode
program 21
run 17
mounting
instructions 8
location 7
wall mount 8
multiple readings 21
N
near blanking
troubleshooting 224
with span 117
noise problems 219
noise sources 220
O
OCM (open channel monitoring) 66
common parameters 66
cut throat 75
flow characterization chart 76
flow exponent support 72
H flume 71
Leopold Lagco flume 74
Palmer Bowlus flume 70
Parshall flume 73
rectangular flume 69
testing flow values 80
totalized volume 68
universal calculation 76
universal Parshall flume 77
universal trapezoidal flume 77
V notch weir 68
weirs 72
zero head 67
operation
single point 32
options, adding 233
out of bounds 49
outputs 5
P
parameter
relays 36
parameter access
data types 101
format words 98
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML1998IFC01
Q
quick start 32
R
rake control 62
randomize setpoints 59
range 4
reading
volume 44
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 239
mmmmm
7ML1998IFC01
test 203
totalizer 166
transducer scanning 179
view only 27
volume 117
volume measurement 208
points
indexing 29
ports, communication 84
power 15
preprogrammed applications 38
program mode 21
programming 4
alarms 47
by hand 22
relays 34
pump
alternate duty backup 52, 53
by rate 56
hours 18
off setpoint 52, 53, 54
on setpoints 52, 53, 54
other controls 54
pump down 51
pump up 52
reservoir 52
run-on 59
service ratio 57
start delay 59
start method 227
totalizing volume 58
usage 61
wet well 51
pump by rate 232
pump control 94
algorithms 51, 227
options 227
other 232
reference 227
pump flush valve 60
pump hours 95
pump starts 95
Index
overview 95
reading 96
writing 98
parameter indexing 29, 96
parameters
advanced echo processing 191
advanced shot adjustment 200
advanced TVT adjustment 197
auto record setpoints 154
backup level override 122
calibration 169
communications 183
data logging 146
discrete input functions 145
display 180
display and reading 121
echo processing 187
failsafe 124
flow records 150
flush systems 136
global 27
independent mA setpoints 140
independent relay failsafe 132
installation records 156
LCD totalizer 151
mA input 143
mA output 138
mA output failsafe 143
mA output limits 141
mA output trim 142
master reset 209
measurement 206
measurement verification 177
open channel monitoring (OCM) 157
profile pointer 193
profile records 152
pump control modifiers 133
pump records 149
pump setpoint modifiers 131
pumped volume totalizer 165
quick start 113
rate 174
record readings 148
record temperatures 146
relays 126
scrolling 26
SmartLinx hardware testing 186
SmartLinx reserved 183
special 27
status 19
temperature compensation 172
Index
mmmmm
recording profiles 153
register map 91
discrete inputs 94
input/output 93
mA output 94
map ID 92
parameter access 95
parameter format words 98
point data 93
product ID 93
pump control 94
pump hours 95
pump setpoint 94, 95
pump starts 95
pumped volume 95
relay outputs 94
UINT32 Order 92
relay 13
activation 37
failsafe 38
flow sampler 65
function codes 104
indexing 29
modifiers 36
modify logic 38
outputs 94
parameters 36
programming 34
totalizer 64
wiring test 37
resolution 4
response rate 33
RS-232 16
RS-485 16
run mode 17
run-on 59
S
samplers 64
SCADA 83
scrolling parameters 26
scum ring See wall cling 59
security 26
service ratio
applications 57
duty assist 231
duty backup 231
simulation 79
level cycle 79
OCM flow characterization 80
single measurement 79
Page 240
volume characterization 80
single parameter access 108
single point 32
SmartLinx 85
installation 10
Installation in Wall mount 10
software update 233
sound velocity 213
special parameters 27
specific auxiliary reading 21
specifications 3
standard applications 38
start delay 59
starting measurement 32
status parameters 19
synchronization 15
T
tank shape 44
temperature
alarm 49
compensation 4
error 4
run mode 18
sensor 14
terminal board 12
testing
application 81
configuration 79
text messages 103
totalizer 64
transducers 6, 13
indexing 29
transmit pulse 212
troubleshooting
common problems 218
communication 107
noise problems 219
TS-3 14
U
UINT32 101
units or percent 27
universal
example 45
volume 45
unsigned double precision integer 101
updating software 233
V
verify
mA output 43
volume 44
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
7ML1998IFC01
wall cling 59
weight 6
weir
Cipolletti 159
standard 72
V notch 68
wet well 51
wiring 11
communication 86
problems 221
test 37
writing parameters 98
wrong reading 225
7ML1998IFC01
HydroRanger 200 – INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Page 241
mmmmm
Index
W
calculation 214
characterization chart 45
dimensions 33
readings 44
tank shape 44
universal example 45
*7ML19981Fc01*
Rev. 1.2