Motorola BLE Series Operating instructions

STARLINE®
BLE*/*
Broadband Line Extender
Installation and Operation Manual
2
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Caution
These servicing instructions are for use by qualified personnel only. To reduce the risk of electrical shock, do not perform any servicing other than that
contained in the Installation and Troubleshooting Instructions unless you are qualified to do so. Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel.
Special Symbols That Might Appear on the Equipment
This symbol indicates that dangerous voltage levels are present within the equipment. These voltages are not
insulated and may be of sufficient strength to cause serious bodily injury when touched. The symbol may also appear
on schematics.
The exclamation point, within an equilateral triangle, is intended to alert the user to the presence of important
installation, servicing, and operating instructions in the documents accompanying the equipment.
For continued protection against fire, replace all fuses only with fuses having the same electrical ratings marked at
the location of the fuse.
FCC Compliance
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are
designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment
generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the Installation Manual, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case the user will
be required to correct the interference at his/her own expense. Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by Motorola could void the user’s
authority to operate this equipment under the rules and regulations of the FCC.
Canadian Compliance
This Class A digital apparatus meets all requirements of the Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment Regulations.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe A respects toutes les exigences du Règlement sur le matériel brouilleur du Canada.
Declaration of Conformity
We
Motorola, Inc.
101 Tournament Drive
Horsham, PA 19044, U.S.A.
declare under our sole responsibility that the
STARLINE
Model BLE*/*
to which this declaration relates is in conformity with one or more of the following standards:
EMC Standards
EN55022
EN55024
EN50083-2
CISPR-22
CISPR-24
EN60825
EN60950
IEC 60950 + A1: 1992 + A2: 1993 + A3: 1995 + A4: 1996
Safety Standards
EN60065
following the provisions of the Directive(s) of the Council of the European Union:
EMC Directive 89/336/EEC
Low Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC
Copyright © 2001 by Motorola, Inc.
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means or used to make any derivative work (such as translation,
transformation or adaptation) without written permission from Motorola, Inc.
Motorola reserves the right to revise this publication and to make changes in content from time to time without obligation on the part of Motorola to
provide notification of such revision or change. Motorola provides this guide without warranty of any kind, either implied or expressed, including, but not
limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Motorola may make improvements or changes in the product(s)
described in this manual at any time.
The General Instrument logo, STARLINE, LIFELINE, and OmniStar are registered trademarks of General Instrument Corporation, a wholly-owned
subsidiary of Motorola, Inc.
Motorola, and the stylized M logo, are registered trademarks of Motorola, Inc. All other product or service marks are the property of their respective
owners.
Contents
Section 1
Introduction
Using This Manual ............................................................................................................................1-3
Related Documentation.....................................................................................................................1-3
Document Conventions......................................................................................................................1-3
If You Need Help...............................................................................................................................1-4
Calling for Repairs ...........................................................................................................................1-4
Section 2
Overview
Configuration ..................................................................................................................................2-2
Housing ..........................................................................................................................................2-3
Gaskets .......................................................................................................................................... 2-4
Port Locations ................................................................................................................................. 2-5
Power Supplies ................................................................................................................................2-6
Standard Power Supply .................................................................................................................... 2-6
Power Factor Corrected Power Supply ................................................................................................ 2-7
Forward Amplifier .............................................................................................................................2-7
Return Amplifier, RA-Kit/H or RA-Kit/L ...............................................................................................2-8
Ingress Control Switch ......................................................................................................................2-8
Options and Accessories ...................................................................................................................2-9
Section 3
Amplifier Setup
Forward Path Alignment ....................................................................................................................3-1
Before You Begin ............................................................................................................................. 3-1
Cable Equalizer ............................................................................................................................... 3-1
Example 1................................................................................................................................ 3-2
Example 2................................................................................................................................ 3-2
Starline Cable Simulators ................................................................................................................. 3-5
Input and Midstage Pads.................................................................................................................. 3-6
Flatness Control .............................................................................................................................. 3-6
Directional Coupler Test Points ......................................................................................................... 3-8
Bode Equalization ........................................................................................................................... 3-8
Amplifier Level Control ..................................................................................................................... 3-9
Manual Gain Control ................................................................................................................. 3-9
Thermal Drive Unit .................................................................................................................. 3-10
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
ii
Contents
Automatic Drive Unit ............................................................................................................... 3-11
ADU Pads and Levels .............................................................................................................. 3-11
Return Path Alignment
Before You Begin............................................................................................................................3-12
Alignment Procedure ......................................................................................................................3-13
Powering and Surge Protection ........................................................................................................ 3-14
Section 4
Bench Testing
Before You Begin ............................................................................................................................. 4-1
Test Equipment and Connections ....................................................................................................... 4-1
Measuring Forward Gain................................................................................................................... 4-2
Example .................................................................................................................................. 4-2
Testing Return Gain and Response .................................................................................................... 4-3
Completing the Test Procedures ........................................................................................................ 4-3
Section 5
Installation
Aerial Installation ............................................................................................................................ 5-1
Pedestal Installation ........................................................................................................................ 5-3
Section 6
Operating Tips
Using the Midstage Pad .................................................................................................................... 6-1
Appendix A
Specifications
Model BLE87S/G* ........................................................................................................................... A-1
Model BLE87S/* ............................................................................................................................. A-2
Model BLE75S/G* ........................................................................................................................... A-3
Model BLE75S/* ............................................................................................................................. A-4
AC Current, BLE75*/*, BLE87*/* (Standard Power Supply).................................................................. A-4
RA-Kit/L Return Amplifier ................................................................................................................. A-5
ADU Automatic Drive Unit ................................................................................................................. A-5
Appendix B
Torque Specifications
Abbreviations and Acronyms
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
Contents
iii
Figures
Figure 1-1 BLE*/* - closed ...............................................................................................................1-1
Figure 1-2 BLE*/* - open .................................................................................................................1-2
Figure 2-1 BLE*/* line extender........................................................................................................2-1
Figure 2-2 BLE*/* configurator ........................................................................................................2-2
Figure 2-3 BLE-HSG/15 housing ........................................................................................................2-3
Figure 2-4 Housing gaskets...............................................................................................................2-4
Figure 2-5 Housing ports ..................................................................................................................2-5
Figure 2-6 BLE*/* standard power supply ..........................................................................................2-6
Figure 2-7 BLE*/* PFC power supply..................................................................................................2-7
Figure 2-8 BLE*/* block diagram ......................................................................................................2-8
Figure 2-9 Location of options, pads, test points and accessories in the BLE*/* ................................... 2-11
Figure 3-1 Equalizer slope versus cable ..............................................................................................3-4
Figure 3-2 Frequency versus cable slope .............................................................................................3-6
Figure 3-3 *LDR/*/II component layout .............................................................................................3-7
Figure 3-4 Typical flatness and control ranges ....................................................................................3-8
Figure 3-5 TDU cable selector ......................................................................................................... 3-10
Figure 3-6 ADU .............................................................................................................................. 3-11
Figure 4-1 Test equipment connections for bench sweeping ..................................................................4-1
Figure 5-1 Center-conductor pin length ..............................................................................................5-1
Figure 5-2 Torque sequence ..............................................................................................................5-2
Tables
Table 2-1 Options and accessories for the BLE*/* ...............................................................................2-9
Table 3-1 Starline Forward Equalizers – SFE*-* ...................................................................................3-3
Table 3-2 Starline Cable Simulators ...................................................................................................3-5
Table 3-3 Gain reserve versus ambient temperature .............................................................................3-9
Table 3-4 BLE*/* AGC pad levels .................................................................................................... 3-12
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
S ec ti on 1
Introduction
The Motorola STARLINE series of broadband line extenders, BLE*/*, accept a single input and
provide 28 through 30 dB of operational gain (depending on model) to a single output. The high
gain makes the BLE*/* series ideally suited for a hybrid fiber-coax system as well as
conventional tree and branch designs. The BLE*/* series of line extenders comply with IEEE
C62.41-1991 and Bell Core GR-1098 specifications for overvoltage testing as recommended by
Cable Labs. The latest BLE*/* platform is also FCC and CE approved.
Features of the BLE*/* include:
!
750 MHz or 870 MHz power doubling technology in enhanced gallium arsenide (E-GaAs) or
silicon
#
Several different modular diplex filter splits
#
“Ease of use” ergonomics
!
60/90 Vac line power option
!
Thermal and auto-controlled Bode equalization
!
−20 dB directional coupler test points
!
Optional return path ingress control and LIFELINE status monitor
!
Two-way operation capability
!
15-amp power passing
Figure 1-1 illustrates a closed BLE*/* line extender:
Figure 1-1
BLE*/* - closed
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BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
1-2
Introduction
Figure 1-2 illustrates an open BLE*/* line extender:
Figure 1-2
BLE*/* - open
+24V DC
TEST POINT
-20dB
RCB87
Align Dots
JXP MID
87
75
55
S
J
A
K
E
M
T
MAN
JXP IN
IN
BLE
BODE
FWD
EQ
CHECK VOLTAG E
SE LECTOR
REFER TO MANUAL
H
LDR
L
MAN
AC
TEST
POINT
FUSE
H
L
-20dB
RTN
EQ
JXP
THERM
AUTO
STATUS
MONITOR
ADU
JXP
IN
FUSE
OUT
TDU
JXP OUT
-20dB
ADU
JXP
G
ADU
ICS
C A U TION : C ON TA INS PA R TS A N D
A SSE M B LIES S US CE PTIBLE TO
D A M AG E B Y E LE C TR O STATIC
D IS C HA R GE ( ESD )
-16dB
-20dB
AS SEMBL ED IN ME XICO
STATUS
MONITOR
REFER TO
MANUAL FOR
FUSE VALUES
Base
Lid
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
Introduction
1-3
Using This Manual
The following sections provide information and instructions to bench test, install, and operate
the BLE*/*.
Section 1
Introduction provides a product description, related documentation, the technical helpline, and repair/return
information.
Section 2
Overview describes the BLE*/* line extender and includes details on the various options and their functions.
Section 3
Amplifier Setup provides instructions for full configuration and forward- and return-path alignment.
Section 4
Bench Testing describes the bench test procedures that are recommended before installing the unit.
Section 5
Installation provides instructions for installing the BLE*/* and performing field alignment.
Section 6
Operating Tips provides suggestions for handling field-encountered variables and addressing maintenance
tasks.
Appendix A
Specifications lists the applicable technical specifications for the BLE*/* and options.
Appendix B
Torque Specifications provides the appropriate torque specifications for the screws, clamps, connectors, and
bolts used in the BLE*/*.
Abbreviations
and Acronyms
The Abbreviations and Acronyms list contains the full spelling of the short forms used in this manual.
This installation manual assumes that all channels are standard National Television Standards
Committee (NTSC) analog channels. Refer to catalog specifications for further details pertaining
to signal levels of digital channels above 550 MHz.
This installation manual uses 870 MHz as the reference frequency unless another frequency is
given. For example, quoted cable loss is understood to be at 870 MHz.
Related Documentation
This installation manual is complete and you should not require any additional documentation
to install, test, or operate the BLE*/* line extender.
Document Conventions
Before you begin using the BLE*/*, familiarize yourself with the stylistic conventions used in
this manual:
SMALL CAPS
Denotes silk screening on the equipment, typically representing front- and rear-panel controls, input/output
(I/O) connections, and LEDs
* (asterisk)
Indicates that several versions of the same model number exist and the information applies to all models;
when the information applies to a specific model, the complete model number is given
Italic Type
Used for emphasis
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
1-4
Introduction
If You Need Help
If you need assistance while working with the BLE*/* call the Motorola Technical Response
Center (TRC):
#
Inside the U.S.: 1-888-944-HELP (1-888-944-4357).
#
Outside the U.S.: 215-323-0044
#
Online: http://www.motorola.com/broadband, click HTML/Modem Version, click
Customer Support, then click Web Support.
The TRC is open from 8:00 AM to 7:00 PM Eastern Time, Monday through Friday and 10 AM to
6 PM Eastern Time, Saturday. When the TRC is closed, emergency service only is available on a
call-back basis. Web Support offers a searchable solutions database, technical documentation,
and low priority issue creation/tracking 24 hours per day, 7 days per week.
Calling for Repairs
If repair is necessary, call the Motorola Repair Facility at 1-800-227-0450 for a Return for
Service Authorization (RSA) number before sending the unit. The RSA number must be
prominently displayed on all equipment cartons. The Repair Facility is open from 8:00 AM to
5:00 PM Central Time, Monday through Friday.
When calling from outside the United States, use the appropriate international access code, and
then call 956-541-0600 to contact the Repair Facility.
When shipping equipment for repair, follow these steps:
1
Pack the unit securely.
2
Enclose a note describing the exact problem.
3
Enclose a copy of the invoice that verifies the warranty status.
4
Ship the unit PREPAID to the following address:
Motorola, Inc.
c/o William F. Joffroy, Inc.
Attn: RSA #___________
1480 North Industrial Park Dr.
Nogales, AZ 85621
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
S ec ti on 2
Overview
The BLE*/* is a two-way capable line extender used in CATV distribution systems. The BLE*/*
is powered by the 60/90 Vac cable supply and can be configured to pass this power to additional
line extenders. Installation of the optional return amplifier enables two-way signal flow.
The standard model BLE*/* includes an amplifier module with an integrated dc power supply,
which is normally furnished complete in the model BLE-HSG/15 housing, as shown in
Figure 2-1:
Figure 2-1
BLE*/* line extender
+24V DC
TEST POINT
-20dB
RCB87
Align Dots
JXP MID
S
J
A
K
E
M
T
87
75
55
MAN
JXP IN
IN
BLE
BODE
FWD
EQ
CHECK VOLTAGE
SE LECTOR
REFER TO MANUAL
H
LDR
L
MAN
AC
TEST
POINT
FUSE
H
L
-20dB
RTN
EQ
JXP
THERM
AUTO
STATUS
MONITOR
ADU
JXP
IN
FUSE
OUT
TDU
JXP OUT
-20dB
ADU
JXP
G
AD U
ICS
C A UTION : C ON TA IN S PA R TS A N D
A SSE M BLIES SU S CE PTIB LE TO
D A M AG E B Y E LE C TR O STATIC
D IS C HA R GE ( ESD )
-16dB
-20dB
AS SEMBLED IN ME XICO
STATUS
MONITOR
REFER TO
MANUAL FOR
FUSE VALUES
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
2-2
Overview
Configuration
The BLE*/* is fully configured in the Motorola factory per customer request. It is recommended
that you verify the configuration listed on the outside of the shipping carton with the
configuration that you ordered. The shipped configuration is also noted in a label on the side of
the RF chassis.
Figure 2-2 illustrates the BLE*/* configuration notation:
Figure 2-2
BLE*/* configurator
Key
75E
Frequency Range
5-30 MHz, 47-750 MHz
75S
75K
5-40 MHz, 52-750 MHz
5-42 MHz, 54-750 MHz
75J
75A
5-55 MHz, 70-750 MHz
5-65 MHz, 85-750 MHz
75M
75T
87E
87S
87K
5-80 MHz, 108-750 MHz
10-47 MHz, 54-750 MHz
5-30 MHz, 47-870 MHz
5-40 MHz, 52-870 MHz
5-42 MHz, 54-870 MHz
87J
87A
5-55 MHz, 70-870 MHz
5-65 MHz, 85-870 MHz
87M
87T
5-80 MHz, 108-870 MHz
10-47 MHz, 54-870 MHz
Key
X
G
Key
Station Slope
X
7 [Fmin - 750 MHz],
8 [Fmin - 870 MHz]
H
12 [Fmin - 750 MHz,
870 MHz]
L
6 [Fmin - 870 MHz,
J-split Silicon only]
Hybrid Technology
Key
Standard (High Gain)
E-GaAs (High Output)
X
Key
X
D
N
Housing Size
Standard
Deep lid for status monitor
None (Electronics only)
Key
X
Housing Finish
Standard
C
S
Chromate
Chromate w/ SS plugs
P
Epoxy
Customer Specific
Key
Standard
E
Key
X
BLE
/
-
-
-
-
Ergonomics
Ergonomics
Reserved
Reserved
-
-
Key
X
Level Control
None
Key
X
T
A
B
TDU
ADU-499.25/S
ADU-439.25/S
P
Power Factor Correction
C
D
E
F
ADU-403.25/S
ADU-445.25/S
ADU-549.00/S
ADU-325.25/S
Key
X
C
Voltage Surge Protector
Surge Arrestor
FTEC; Crowbar
Key
X
S
Overcurrent Protection
20A Auto Fuse
Shunt
Key
X
Status Monitoring
None
Key
X
L
H
P
Key
X
Return Amp w/ JXP-ZXT
No Return
Low Gain Hybrid
High Gain Hybrid
Passive Return
Reserved
Reserved
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
S
Key
B
X
Power Supply
Standard
LL-BLE-HMS
Ingress Switching
Ingress Control Switch
None
Overview
2-3
Housing
The BLE*/* is furnished in a BLE-HSG/15 aluminum housing that protects the electronics from
weather and dissipates internally generated heat.
Figure 2-3 illustrates the BLE-HSG/15 housing and provides its dimensions:
Figure 2-3
BLE-HSG/15 housing
10.6
2
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8.0
EXIC
3
4.7
Coaxial cable connections to the housing are made using conventional 5/8 inch × 24 threads
per-inch stinger-type connectors. Four port plugs in the cover enable access to internal test
points without opening the housing.
The BLE-HSG/15 differs from the housing of the 10A BLE*/* (model BLE-75SH and BLE-75JH)
and the JLX series of line extenders. However, the 10A BLE*/* and the JLX series of line
extenders can be upgraded to 15A amplifiers using existing housings with the BLE-15A
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
2-4
Overview
platform assembly kit (P/N 951941-006-00). The BLE-15A kit contains 15 A platform
assemblies.
Two messenger clamps are cast in the top of the housing and are secured with
5/16 inch × 24 threads-per-inch stainless-steel bolts. The back of the housing also contains two
5/16 inch × 24 threaded holes located on the vertical center-line separated by four inches
center-to-center. Use these holes and the bolts from the messenger clamps for pedestal and
surface-mounting installations.
Gaskets
Each housing is equipped with a recessed woven-wire RF gasket and a silicone-rubber gasket to
provide a seal between the housing base and lid. These gaskets provide efficient ground
continuity, RF shielding, and weather protection. Both gaskets must be in place and in good
condition to ensure proper operation and protection of the station. The weather gasket should be
lightly coated with silicone grease each time the BLE*/* is opened. Replace this gasket if it
becomes damaged or deformed.
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
Overview
2-5
Figure 2-4 illustrates the housing gaskets:
Figure 2-4
Housing gaskets
Weather gasket
(silicone rubber)
+24V DC
TEST POINT
-20dB
RCB87
Align Dots
JXP MID
S
J
A
K
E
M
T
87
75
55
MAN
JXP IN
IN
BLE
BODE
FWD
EQ
CHECK VOLTAG E
SE LECTOR
REFER TO MANUAL
H
LDR
L
MAN
AC
TEST
POINT
FUSE
H
L
-20dB
RTN
EQ
JXP
THERM
AUTO
STATUS
MONITOR
ADU
JXP
IN
FUSE
OUT
TDU
JXP OUT
-20dB
ADU
JXP
G
ADU
ICS
C A U TION : C ON TA IN S PA R TS A N D
A SSE M BLIES SU S CE PTIB LE TO
D A M AG E B Y E LE C TR O STATIC
D IS C HA R GE ( ESD )
-16dB
-20dB
AS SEMBL ED IN ME XICO
STATUS
MONITOR
REFER TO
MANUAL FOR
FUSE VALUES
RF gasket
(woven wire)
Port Locations
Two housing ports provide connection for coaxial cables. Four port plugs in the cover enable
access to internal test points. All ports are protected by factory-inserted threaded plugs or
plastic cap plugs. Discard the plastic cap plugs when you install the cable connectors.
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
2-6
Overview
Figure 2-5 illustrates the housing port locations:
Figure 2-5
Housing ports
2
AS
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5
1
Test ports
ED
Test ports
6
O
4
E XI C
3
Port 1
Port 2
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
Overview
2-7
Power Supplies
The BLE*/* is available with a standard power supply or the optional power-factor-corrected
(PFC) power supply. The following subsections describe and illustrate the differences.
Standard Power Supply
The power supply of the BLE*/* is a separate circuit board mounted to the underside of the
amplifier module and is capable of 60 Vac or 90 Vac powering. The power supply provides a
regulated 24 Vdc output over an ac input between 38 V and 90 Vrms with a line frequency from
50 Hz through 60 Hz. Potentiometer R25 adjusts the output voltage to 24 Vdc, however, this is
set at the factory and field adjustment is not recommended.
Figure 2-6 illustrates the components on the standard power supply circuit board:
Figure 2-6
BLE*/* standard power supply
R25
L2
L1
C2
P2-3
C7
C6
C3
C5
C24
D5
D6
C26
C1
W1
D8
C22
R25
P2-2
C11
C10
LO
HI
U4
1
E1
R16
P1
D7
L8
C25
C12
J1
D1
E2
T1
U3
P2-1
X1
X2
SURGE PROTECTOR
Surge protector
or FTEC
Q1
U1
U2
L3
C17
LO/HI
selector
The power supply also contains a two position LO/HI selector that sets the start-up voltage for
38 Vac or 55 Vac. The BLE*/* is shipped with the selector in the LO position which is the
standard configuration. The selector should be switched to the HI position only for a 90 Vac
system. This sets the start-up voltage at 55 Vac. Because this is only 5 V below 60 Vac, it is not
practical in a 60 Vac system. There is no damage to the amplifier if the selector is not changed
from the standard LO setting. However, changing the selector ensures that the dc supply does
not turn on until the proper input voltage, 38 Vac or 55 Vac, is reached. This prevents excessive
loading of the system power supply during turn-on after a system shutdown.
The power supply includes a heavy-duty gas discharge tube which you can replace with the
optional fast-transfer electronic-crowbar (FTEC) surge protector. The FTEC is a crowbar circuit
that fires at approximately 245 V and presents a short circuit to the line during periods of
overvoltage. After the ac input voltage returns to normal, the FTEC resumes its open state.
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
2-8
Overview
The factory-installed 20-ampere fuse, illustrated in Figure 2-9, provides power-passing to
additional line extenders.
Power Factor Corrected Power Supply
The PFC power supply is offered as a configured option in the BLE*/*. The PFC design lowers
the current draw of the amplifier and improves power supply efficiency for the entire system.
Information provided in the previous subsection, Standard Power Supply, is applicable to the
PFC. R14 is the on-board 24 V adjustment which is set at the factory and should not require
correction in the field.
Figure 2-7 illustrates the components on the PFC power supply circuit board:
Figure 2-7
BLE*/* PFC power supply
R1
T2
U4
U2
U5
C19
T1
F1
C27
L4
C9
D4
SU RGE PROTECTOR
C16
90V
L3
D4
C11
Q2
C22 C25
D2
Surge protector
or FTEC
J1
C12
C10
C17
C23
R7
Q3 Q1
C26
L1
C6
C7
U3
C18
D8
R14
C1
C2
C8
D5
C15
C14
D3
D1
C4
C3
D10
C24
R14
C28
60V
D7
U1
LO/HI
selector
Forward Amplifier
The operational gain of the 750 MHz silicon version is 29 dB with 15 dB of return loss. The
870 MHz silicon version achieves 30 dB operational gain with a return loss of 15 dB. All E-GaAs
BLE*/* amplifiers achieve 28 dB of gain with 16 dB of return loss. The operating gain includes
provisions for the insertion loss of the input cable equalizer and required reserve gain to operate
the Bode equalizer in the middle of its range. The low-noise figure, pre-amplifier stage, is a
conventional 750 MHz (BLE75*) or 870 MHz (BLE87*) hybrid followed by a power-doubled
output stage. Between the two stages is a JXP-*T pad socket, the Bode board, and the flatness
and equalizer board. Because these losses are located interstage, the noise figure is only
impacted by the insertion loss of the forward cable equalizer or a broadband cable simulator.
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
Overview
2-9
Figure 2-8 illustrates the interconnection among these components:
Figure 2-8
BLE*/* block diagram
-1.0dB
SFE
or
JXP-T
SCS
**
**
-20 dB
TP
Input
-1.7
port RF/
dB F
AC RF
AC -1.0
dB R
-1.0dB
(~0.0dB with
jumper) -1.0dB -6.5dB
* see
chart
PP
JXP-T
RCB
LDR
**
**
**
BODE
* see
chart
-1.0dB
**
H
PD
**
L
-1.0dB
Manual
H
Auto
**
**
Surge
protector
JXP-T **
**
Status
monitor
**
+25.0dB L
+30.0dB H
-0.5dB
SRE
Therm
**
**
Output
port
On-board
attenuator
-0.4dB
TP
-20 dB
-1.0
dB R
RF/
RF AC
AC
-1.0dB
ADU/
TDU
L
**
-1.0dB
-1.7
dB F
-0.3dB
LPF
ICS
-0.4dB
-16 dB
TP
return
injection
point
-20 dB
-0.4dB
JXP
**
Power
supply
Surge
protector
TP
-20 dB
**
24 Vdc
DC test point
Power
block
jumper
Fuse
** Plug-in module
FTEC
* BLE Model
870MHz
870MHz
750MHZ
750MHZ
E-GaAs
High Gain
E-GaAs
Silicon
Input PP
+24dB
+24dB
+24dB
+23dB
Output PD
+ 18dB
+ 20.5dB
+18dB
+18.5dB
Return Amplifier, RA-Kit/H or RA-Kit/L
The circuit board of the forward amplifier accommodates the optional return amplifier. The
return amplifier kit, model RA-Kit/H or RA-Kit/L, includes the return amplifier hybrid and
jumpers. The standard circuit board contains all components including the diplex filters with
extended return bandwidth for the amplifier input and output. All items are plug-in and easily
installed. The input and output of the return amplifier include two JXP-*T pad facilities. You
can also use either pad socket as a test point or a signal injection point. The output pad value is
normally selected to control the return signal level into the next upstream amplifier. Select an
appropriate input pad to attenuate excessive input signal.
The return-input test point and the return-output test point are directional couplers. Both test
points present 75-ohm source impedance and do not require special test probes.
Ingress Control Switch
The ingress control switch (ICS) module provides return-path signal attenuation or cutoff in the
®
BLE*/*. This is accomplished through the LIFELINE status-monitoring module, LL-BLE-HMS.
(Figure 2-9 illustrates the location of the optional ICS). The ICS provides a means of isolating
sources of ingress from a centralized location. Using a downstream command through the
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
2-10
Overview
LIFELINE status-monitoring system, you can attenuate the return path through the line
extender by 6 dB or by 38 dB. By reducing the ingress level at the headend or monitoring point,
you can further isolate the ingress source. After an ingress source is isolated to the last possible
amplifier, node, or line extender, you can shut the return path off at that location. This limits
the impact of the ingress on the remainder of the network while eliminating the source of
ingress.
Options and Accessories
The factory ships the amplifier as a fully functional unit, but you must configure it
appropriately for the field-location requirements. You must install the correct equalizer or
broadband cable simulator to place the unit into service. Section 3, “Amplifier Setup” provides
information to help you select the correct equalizer or broadband simulator. Use model JXP-*T
pads to control field signal levels. To compensate for temperature, install the automatic drive
unit (ADU) or thermal drive unit (TDU) before placing the unit in service. You can install other
items, such as a return amplifier and additional surge protection at your discretion, but these
options do not render the unit inoperative if they are not included.
Table 2-1 provides a comprehensive list of options and accessories for the BLE*/* and Figure 2-9
illustrates their locations.
Table 2-1
Options and accessories for the BLE*/*
Mo d el
D es c r i p ti on
F u n c tio n
ADU
Automatic Drive Unit
This board automatically controls amplifier output levels that
change with cable attenuation and hybrid output. The selection of
a pilot frequency is required.
TDU
Thermal Drive Unit
This board controls amplifier gain and slope for changes in cable
attenuation for the sensed temperature.
RA-Kit/H or L
Return Amplifier Kit
This kit enables two-way operation and includes a high-or low-gain
return hybrid and jumpers.
SFE-0, SFE-1
Starline Forward Equalizers
These equalizers are not bandwidth restricted and compensate for
0 dB and 1 dB of cable, respectively, from 5 MHz to 1 GHz.
SFE-*-*
Starline Forward Equalizer
This bandwidth specific (750 or 870 MHz) equalizer compensates
for cable properties in 1 dB increments from 2 dB through 22 dB.
The appropriate value must be installed. See the product catalog
for additional information.
SRE-*-*
Starline Return Equalizer
This equalizer compensates for cable attenuation in 1 dB
increments from 0 dB through 12 dB for S-split (2 dB increments
for all other splits). The appropriate value must be installed. See
the product catalog for additional information.
SCS-*
Starline Cable Simulator
This simulator compensates for cable properties. The appropriate
value must be installed. See the product catalog for additional
information.
JXP-*T
Fixed attenuator
This pad attenuates excessive input signal. It is available in 0.5 dB
increments from 0 dB through 26 dB. The appropriate value must
be installed.
JXP-TH*T
Thermal attenuators
This option compensates for gain changes with temperature in the
return path.
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
Overview
2-11
Mo d el
D es c r i p ti on
F u n c tio n
FTEC
Fast Transfer Electronic Crowbar
This option is used for overvoltage protection and replaces the
existing surge protector.
LL-BLE-HMS
Status monitor module
This module enables monitoring of the unit’s operating parameters
by the LIFELINE status-monitoring system. This accessory also
requires the deep housing cover.
BLE,
cover/status
monitor
Deep housing cover
This optional cover is required to contain the LIFELINE status
monitor module.
RCB87
Response Correction Board
This optional board compensates for system roll-off at 870 MHz.
The BLE*/* is shipped with a jumper in this location which you
can replace when additional response correction is required.
JXP-RPC
Return Path Correction board
This optional board provides additional flatness response
correction in the return path for systems that must meet especially
stringent return path flatness requirements.
ICS
Ingress Control Switch
This option enables remote monitoring, isolation, and reduction of
ingress on the return path by providing signal attenuation of 6 dB
or cutoff of 38 dB typical. The unit is shipped with a jumper in this
location.
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
2-12
Overview
Figure 2-9
Location of options, pads, test points and accessories in the BLE*/*
Forward
equalizer or
Cable simulator
(SFE- * - * or
SCS- *
TP
forward
input
Manual
level
(MAN)
Midstage pad
(JXP MID)
Input Drive control
pad select jumper:
(JXP IN) Man/Auto
LDR
Bode
board
Optional
RCB
TP
ADU pad
(JXP) forward
output
(use for
status
Diplex
monitor)
filter
SFE-XX-XX
TDU or ADU
(shown)
TP
return
output
Diplex
filter
Power
block
Return
equalizer
(SRE - * - *)
Return
output
pad
(JXP OUT)
Return
hybrid
Status
Optional
thermal
monitor
pad
connector
(JXP therm)
20A
fuse
Auto
level
(ADU)
Optional
ICS
From
Return
status
pad
monitor (JXP IN)
TP
return
input
In the event of ADU or TDU board failure, you can select manual control of the Bode board.
Figure 2-9 illustrates the main circuit board containing the MAN/AUTO jumper.
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
S ec ti on 3
Amplifier Setup
This section provides instructions for fully configuring the BLE*/* and describes the proper
forward and return path alignment procedures.
Forward Path Alignment
The following subsections describe the BLE*/* alignment procedures required for proper
performance in the forward path.
Before You Begin
Before you begin to set-up the amplifier and perform forward-path alignment, please read the
following instructions and recommendations.
For proper forward alignment obtain:
!
RF output levels and tilts of all BLE*/*s in the forward or return path
!
RF input level for the BLE*/* being set up (from system design or as-built map)
!
A carrier at the system’s highest frequency. It can be modulated or continuous wave (CW)
and should be inserted in the headend at standard video levels. This carrier is used to
simplify field set-up.
It is recommended that you:
!
Remove the input pad and/or the SFE-*-* before you install or remove the electronics
package (E-pack) or apply power to the BLE*/*.
!
Do not use wire jumpers to bypass the SFE-*-* location.
!
Recognize that actual pad and SFE-*-* values may differ slightly from their design values.
This is caused by factors such as walkout errors, worst-case data utilization during design
and temperature variation from 70°F.
!
Secure the E-pack in the housing and torque to 18-22 in-lbs. to facilitate heat transfer and
avoid damage from overheating.
!
Subject the BLE*/* to a 24-hour heat cycle before performing bench alignment.
!
Do not daisy-chain power on burn-in racks.
!
Perform a bench alignment. Pre-distorting the BLE*/* response on the bench (Section 4,
“Bench Testing”) for a system signature simplifies field alignment.
!
Field sweep the entire bandwidth of the amplifier to correct frequency response for passive
signature and roll-off.
!
Close the housing in accordance with the instructions in Section 5, “Installation.”
Cable Equalizer
Select the appropriate Model SFE-*-* to compensate for cable attenuation versus frequency and
to obtain the proper output tilt. The BLE*/* is equipped with the *LDR/*/II interstage equalizer
and flatness board, which compensates for cable attenuation. Any cable or passive slope beyond
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
3-2
Amplifier Setup
that of the LDR must be compensated for by selecting and installing the appropriate SFE-*-*
cable equalizer.
Equalizers are available in 1 dB steps from 0 dB through 22 dB. The following examples
describe how to choose the correct equalizer.
E xa m p le 1
The BLE75/* is used in a cascade of amplifiers which operate with 10 dB of cable. System
records show that 20 dB of cable exists between the line extender and the previous unit.
To obtain the correct equalizer value, subtract 10 dB, the 7LDR/7/II equalizer value, from 20
and the result is the required equalizer (20 − 10 = 10). Therefore, the correct equalizer is a
model SFE-75-10. When selecting an equalizer, choose the next lower value if the exact value is
not available.
Install the proper cable equalizer. To obtain the required output tilt the minimum attenuation
of the cable connected to the input is 10 dB (7 dB slope at 750 MHz).
E xa m p le 2
The BLE87/* is used in a link following a fiber node with flat output. There is 16 dB of cable
between the node and the line extender, plus passive losses which are assumed to be flat. Which
is the proper equalizer to achieve the 10 dB of output tilt?
In this case, calculate the equalizer value by using the following method:
SLOPEeq = TILTout + SIGlo – SIGhi – SLOPEieq
where:
SLOPEeq = required SFE-87 slope
TILTout
= required amplifier output tilt
SIGlo
= signal input level at channel 2
SIGhi
= signal input level at 870 MHz
SLOPEieq = interstage equalizer slope (8 dB)
From various references, such as manufacturer’s catalogs, you can determine that 16 dB of cable
at the operating frequency of 870 MHz is 4 dB of loss at 54 MHz. This suggests that the channel
2 signal input level to the line extender is 12 dB greater (16 – 4 = 12) at channel 2 than it is at
870 MHz. Our example assumes that the high-end frequency level into the amplifier is
+15 dBmV.
Substituting this information in equation (1) provides the following result:
10.0 dB + 27 dB – 15.0 dB – 8.0 dB = 14 dB
The slope of the required equalizer is 14 dB. Table 3-1 and Figure 3-1 show that 14 dB of slope
is caused by approximately 18 dB of cable at 870 MHz. Therefore the correct equalizer is model
SFE-87-18.
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
Amplifier Setup
3-3
Table 3-1 helps you choose the correct equalizers and also lists insertion loss at various
frequencies:
Table 3-1
Starline Forward Equalizers – SFE*-*
Fr eq u en cy ( MHz ) v e rsu s I n se r ti on Lo ss (d B )
E q u a l i z er
Va lu e
E q u a l i z er
Sl op e
50
200
300
450
550
650
750
870
22
16.3
17.3
11.6
9.1
6.0
4.2
2.5
1.0
20
14.8
15.8
10.7
8.4
5.5
3.9
2.4
1.0
18
13.4
14.4
9.7
7.6
5.1
3.6
2.2
1.0
16
11.9
12.9
8.7
6.9
4.6
3.3
2.1
1.0
14
10.4
11.4
7.8
6.1
4.2
3.0
2.0
1.0
12
8.9
9.9
6.8
5.4
3.7
2.7
1.8
1.0
10
7.4
8.4
5.8
4.7
3.3
2.4
1.7
1.0
8
5.9
6.9
4.9
3.9
2.8
2.1
1.6
1.0
6
4.5
5.5
3.9
3.2
2.4
1.9
1.4
1.0
4
3.0
4.0
2.9
2.5
1.9
1.6
1.3
1.0
2
1.5
2.5
2.0
1.7
1.5
1.3
1.1
1.0
22
16.7
17.7
12.4
10.0
7.1
5.4
3.9
2.5
1.0
20
15.2
16.2
11.4
9.2
6.5
5.0
3.6
2.3
1.0
18
13.7
14.7
10.3
8.4
6.0
4.6
3.4
2.2
1.0
16
12.1
13.1
9.3
7.6
5.4
4.2
3.1
2.1
1.0
14
10.6
11.6
8.2
6.7
4.9
3.8
2.8
1.9
1.0
12
9.1
10.1
7.2
5.9
4.3
3.4
2.6
1.8
1.0
10
7.6
8.6
6.2
5.1
3.8
3.0
2.3
1.7
1.0
8
6.1
7.1
5.1
4.3
3.2
2.6
2.0
1.5
1.0
6
4.6
5.6
4.1
3.5
2.7
2.2
1.8
1.4
1.0
4
3.0
4.0
3.1
2.6
2.1
1.8
1.5
1.3
1.0
2
1.5
2.5
2.0
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.3
1.1
1.0
SFE-75-
SFE-87-
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
3-4
Amplifier Setup
Figure 3-1 shows the equalizer slope versus equalizer value information presented in Table 3-1
as a graph. The amount of cable equals the equalizer value.
Figure 3-1
Equalizer slope versus cable
Slope versus Cable
30
28
26
24
22
20
dB of Cable
18
550 MHz
16
14
650 MHz
12
750 MHz
10
870 MHz
8
6
4
2
0
0
2
4
6
10
12
8
dB of Equalizer Slope
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
14
16
18
20
Amplifier Setup
3-5
Starline Cable Simulators
The Starline Cable Simulators, Model SCS-*, are used in place of fixed equalizers in systems
where the amplifiers are located close together. The simulators are designed to fit in the same
location as the equalizers.
Table 3-2 helps you choose the correct simulators:
Table 3-2
Starline Cable Simulators
S C S- *
1
2
3
4
F r eq u en c y
5
6
7
8
9
10
Ca b l e s l op e i n d B
40 MHz
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.4
45 MHz
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2
50 MHz
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
72 MHz
-0.1
-0.2
-0.2
-0.3
-0.4
-0.4
-0.5
-0.6
-0.7
-0.7
108 MHz
-0.1
-0.3
-0.4
-0.5
-0.6
-0.8
-0.9
-1.0
-1.2
-1.3
150 MHz
-0.2
-0.5
-0.7
-0.9
-1.2
-1.4
-1.6
-1.9
-2.1
-2.3
211 MHz
-0.3
-0.7
-1.0
-1.4
-1.7
-2.1
-2.4
-2.8
-3.1
-3.5
250 MHz
-0.4
-0.8
-1.2
-1.7
-2.1
-2.5
-2.9
-3.3
-3.7
-4.1
300 MHz
-0.5
-1.0
-1.5
-1.9
-2.4
-2.9
-3.4
-3.9
-4.4
-4.9
350 MHz
-0.6
-1.1
-1.7
-2.2
-2.8
-3.3
-3.9
-4.4
-5.0
-5.5
400 MHz
-0.6
-1.2
-1.8
-2.5
-3.1
-3.7
-4.3
-4.9
-5.5
-6.2
450 MHz
-0.7
-1.4
-2.0
-2.7
-3.4
-4.1
-4.7
-5.4
-6.1
-6.8
550 MHz
-0.8
-1.6
-2.4
-3.2
-4.0
-4.8
-5.5
-6.3
-7.1
-7.9
750 MHz
-1.0
-2.0
-3.0
-4.0
-5.0
-6.0
-7.0
-8.0
-9.0
-10.0
870 MHz
-1.1
-2.2
-3.3
-4.4
-5.5
-6.7
-7.8
-8.9
-10.0
-11.1
50 MHz loss (typical)
-1.0
-1.0
-1.0
-1.0
-1.0
-1.0
-1.0
-1.0
-1.0
-1.0
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
3-6
Amplifier Setup
The information in Table 3-2 is shown as a graph in Figure 3-2:
Figure 3-2
Frequency versus cable slope
0
Cable slope (dB)
-1
-2
SCS-1
-3
SCS-2
-4
SCS-3
-5
SCS-4
-6
SCS-5
-7
870
800
750
700
650
600
550
500
SCS-10
450
-12
400
SCS-9
350
-11
300
SCS-8
250
-10
200
SCS-7
150
-9
100
SCS-6
40
-8
Frequency (MHz)
Input and Midstage Pads
Install Model JXP-*T pads to attenuate the signal per system design drawings. Generally, this
consists of attenuating excessive input levels. You should pad the input to achieve unity gain.
Select and install the specified pad in the socket labeled JXP-IN on the chassis cover. The
midstage pad (JXP-MID) normally remains at 0 dB but can be used to adjust the gain level and
achieve the gain specification. Refer to Section 6, “Operating Tips,” for midstage padding
information and recommendations.
Flatness Control
The *LDR/*/II circuit board includes flatness controls and a fixed cable equalizer for 750 MHz or
870 MHz. This equalizer, plus the contribution of the hybrid gain stages, produces
approximately the dB of slope indicated by the model number (8 dB of tilt with an *LDR/8/II).
The *LDR/*/II variable resistors and capacitors can be adjusted to flatten the response from
marker 1 to marker 4 as illustrated in Figure 3-4. Use C1, C2, R1, and R2 on the LDR board
shown in Figure 3-3 for low-end flatness response (marker 1 to marker 2). The low-end flatness
controls compensate for the roll-off caused by the diplex filters. Adjust C3 and R3 for a flat
response around 400 MHz (between marker 2 and 3). Adjust C7, C8, and R8 for a flat response
across the band (marker 1 to marker 4). Adjust C6 for maximum gain at the high end (marker 3
to marker 4).
!
C1 produces a peak that is centered just below the lowest forward frequency and varied in
amplitude by R1.
!
C2 produces a peak that is centered at approximately 100 MHz and varied in amplitude by
R2.
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
Amplifier Setup
!
3-7
C3 produces a peak that is centered at approximately 400 MHz and varied in amplitude by
R3.
Air coils on the bottom of the *LDR/*/II board may slightly tune the upper portion of the
response.
Figure 3-3
*LDR/*/II component layout
R1
C1
R2
C2
R3
C3
R8
C8
C7
C6
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
3-8
Amplifier Setup
Figure 3-4 illustrates BLE87* flatness and control ranges:
Figure 3-4
Typical flatness and control ranges
CH2 S21 /M log MAG
BLE87S/12/G
1 dB/
25 Jun 2001
10:22:15
4: 30.757 dB
REF 30.49 dB
870.000 000 MHz
1: 30.434 dB
52 MHz
2: 30.306 dB
200 MHz
3: 30.394 dB
800 MHz
4
1
3
2
PRm
C?
Del
14.7 dB P3-412 @870.0 MHz
START
52.000 000 MHz
STOP
900.000 000 MHz
Directional Coupler Test Points
Accurate 20 dB directional-coupler test points are available at the input and at the output of the
BLE*/*. Because these test points are 75-ohm source impedance, they do not require special test
probes.
After the output hybrid, a second directional coupler provides signal to the optional ADU board.
This signal is used only when the ADU board is installed. It is not necessary to terminate this
port when the ADU is not installed.
Bode Equalization
The Bode board, which is an electronically controlled equalizer, receives its control input from
either the ADU or TDU control boards. The response of the Bode board compensates for cable
attenuation changes due to temperature. If necessary, you can control the Bode board manually
using the potentiometer labeled MANUAL LEVEL in Figure 2-9.
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
Amplifier Setup
3-9
Amplifier Level Control
Signal levels vary in a cable system primarily because cable attenuation changes with
temperature. Other components such as passives and amplifier hybrids are also affected by
temperature changes. To automatically compensate for these signal level fluctuations and
control output level, you must select the optional ADU or TDU. When necessary and
appropriate, you can also use manual gain control.
Ma n u a l Ga i n C on tr ol
To use manual gain control:
1
Install the E-pack.
2
Ensure that there is continuity in the forward path by installing the design-value input
equalizer and design value input JXP-*T attenuators.
3
Ensure that the drive control select jumper is in the MAN position.
4
Use a signal-level meter to measure the high band-edge carrier input level at the input test
point: 750 MHz = channel 116, 870 MHz = channel 136.
This carrier should be at standard analog level, non-scrambled.
5
Verify that the input level agrees with the design specification input.
If the level is different from design, adjust accordingly. For example: the design level is
19 dBmV at the highest frequency and the design pad value is JXP-3T. If the actual
measured level is 21 dBmV, then you must change the pad to a JXP-5T.
If the actual levels are significantly different from the design levels, it is recommended that
you investigate or consult system management before proceeding.
6
Connect the signal-level meter to the output test point and tune the meter to the high-end
channel. Turn the manual gain reserve (MAN) control (illustrated in Figure 2-9) to maximum
(fully clockwise) and then reduce the output as noted in Table 3-3 below:
Table 3-3
Gain reserve versus ambient temperature
T emp e ra tu re
7
Ga in Re se rv e
Above 110°F (43°C)
3 dB
32°F (0°C) to 110°F (43°C)
4 dB
Below 32°F (0°C)
5 dB
Check the amplifier output tilt by measuring the high band- and low band-edge carriers.
!
High = channel 116 (745.25 MHz) or channel 136 (865.25 MHz)
!
Low = channel 2 (55.25 MHz) or channel 3 (61.25 MHz)
!
If the tilt is less than required, install a higher value input equalizer
!
If the tilt is greater than required, install a lower value input equalizer
!
If the high value equalizer provides too much tilt and the low value equalizer provides
too little tilt, use the lower value equalizer. Under-equalization is preferred to
over-equalization.
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
3-10
Amplifier Setup
If you use an SCS cable simulator and the design value is changed, you must also adjust the
input pad. For each 1 dB increase in SCS value, 1 dB of loss is introduced at 750 MHz or
1.1 dB of loss at 870 MHz. Therefore, to maintain a proper gain level, it is necessary to
adjust the input pad value as follows:
8
!
For each increase in SCS value, decrease the input pad by 1 dB for the BLE75* or 1.1 dB
for BLE87*. Pads are available in 0.5 dB increments, therefore, use to closest value
possible.
!
For each decrease in SCS value, increase the input pad by 1 dB for the BLE75* or 1.1 dB
for BLE87*.
!
If you replace an SFE with an SCS, reduce the value of the input pad by the value of the
SCS for the BLE75* or a good estimate for the BLE87*. Use the 1 dB loss at 750 MHz to
1.1 dB loss at 870 MHz ratio to be exact.
Measure the output level at the highest frequency. It should be within 1 dB of the system
design level. If it is not, change the input pad (JXP IN) to a higher or lower value to achieve
the proper level. The midstage pad (JXP MID) normally remains at 0 dB, but can be used to
adjust the gain level and achieve the gain specification. Refer to Section 6, “Operating Tips,”
for midstage padding information and recommendations.
T h e rma l D r ive Un i t
The TDU senses temperature and controls the Bode board. It is assumed that the cable is
subjected to the same or similar temperature, therefore, the TDU should not be used for
underground installations.
To set-up the TDU:
1
Place the jumper on the TDU (Figure 3-5) to the LOW, MEDIUM, or HIGH position to specify
the amount of cable for which the TDU compensates at the highest frequency preceding the
BLE*/* station. Low = 0 dB to 15 dB of cable, medium = 15 dB to 30 dB, and high = 30 dB or
more of cable.
Figure 3-5
TDU cable selector
Medium
Low
Thermal
level
High
2
Position the drive control select jumper (Figure 2-9) temporarily in the MAN position and
perform the complete procedure described in Manual Gain Control if not already completed.
3
Position the drive control select jumper to AUTO.
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
Amplifier Setup
3-11
4
Connect a signal-level meter to the FWD OUT test point and tune the meter to the high
band-edge carrier.
5
Turn the thermal level potentiometer on the TDU fully clockwise and then reduce to obtain
the level obtained in Step 3 under Manual Gain Control.
Au t oma ti c D r ive Un i t
The ADU operates by using surface acoustic wave (SAW) filters to select a pilot frequency and
then monitors the amplitude of this frequency. Any change in signal level is fed back to the Bode
equalizer. It is assumed that the encountered signal level changes are due to changes in cable
attenuation and hybrid output associated with a change in temperature. The Bode equalizer
then changes its insertion loss to maintain a constant output level. The ADU (illustrated in
Figure 3-6) maintains the most precise output level of the three available methods.
Figure 3-6
ADU
AUTOMATIC
DRIVE UNIT
ADU/
To set-up the ADU:
1
Position the drive control select jumper temporarily to the MAN position and perform the
complete procedure described in Manual Gain Control if not already completed.
2
Verify that the frequency stamped on the ADU control unit is the same as the system pilot
frequency. The pilot frequency is a CW or an available NTSC television channel not
scrambled using sync suppression and not a digital channel.
3
Position the drive control select jumper to AUTO.
4
Connect a signal-level meter to the FWD OUT test point and tune the meter to the high
band-edge carrier.
5
Turn the auto level control potentiometer (ADU) (illustrated in Figure 2-9) fully clockwise
and then reduce to obtain the level obtained in Step 3 under Manual Gain Control.
AD U Pa d s a n d L ev e l s
This subsection provides information regarding the proper ADU padding requirements for the
BLE*/*.
A JXP-ZXT pad is installed in the input line to the ADU location. This pad adjusts the ADU
input level for the standard application of the BLE*/*. This pad can be changed depending on
the operational output of the BLE*/*. In general, a JXP-6T pad is recommended in the BLE*/*
ADU circuit. This is the standard pad value as shipped from the factory and is appropriate for
an amplifier output level range from +42 dBmV to +50 dBmV at 550 MHz.
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
3-12
Amplifier Setup
Table 3-4 provides the AGC pad values for other output levels. Recommended pad values are
shaded.
Table 3-4
BLE*/* AGC pad levels
B LE */ *
AD U C on t r ol Ra n g e (d B m V )
A GC Pa d
( 1 0 t o 1 4 d B til t )
Min i mu m L ev el
a t 5 4 7. 2 5 MH z
Mid p oin t Le vel
a t 5 4 7. 2 5 MH z
Ma x imu m Lev el
a t 5 4 7. 2 5 MH z
-
35
39
43
0
36
40
44
1
37
41
45
2
38
42
46
3
39
43
47
4
40
44
48
5
41
45
49
6
42
46
50
7
43
47
51
8
44
48
52
9
45
49
53
10
46
50
54
11
47
51
55
12
48
52
56
13
49
53
57
The use of the ADU or TDU is recommended for improved output level stability although you
can operate the BLE*/* in the manual mode. Select manual mode by placing the drive control
select jumper, illustrated in Figure 2-9, in the MAN position. The gain of the BLE*/* is then
determined by the potentiometer marked MAN on the amplifier cover.
Return Path Alignment
The following subsections describe the BLE*/* alignment procedures required for proper
performance in the return path.
Before You Begin
Before you begin to set-up the amplifier and perform return-path alignment, please read the
following instructions and recommendations.
For proper return alignment obtain:
!
RF alignment levels and insertion points for all BLE*/*s
!
RF reference output level of the headend optical receivers
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
Amplifier Setup
3-13
Equipment required for return-path alignment includes:
!
Full complement of JXP-*T pads and Starline return equalizers (SRE-*-*)
!
Reverse signal generator — must produce at least one signal within the return bandpass
and have variable output
!
Return sweep or alignment equipment
It is recommended that you:
!
Do not use wire jumpers to bypass the SRE-*-* location
!
Perform the return optical link set up before performing amplifier set up
!
Specify reverse alignment design levels for a single carrier
!
Consider sweep equipment as a single carrier and operate at design levels
!
Do not include injection point losses in reverse design levels
If JXP THERM devices (JXP-TH*T) are specified for level control, they should be installed in
the JXP THERM pad facility (illustrated in Figure 2-9) after alignment has been performed.
Alignment Procedure
The return amplifier configuration includes one low-gain (25 dB) or one high-gain (30 dB) return
amplifier hybrid, and an appropriate SRE-*-* equalizer. All components are plug-in and are
easily installed.
To align the return path:
1
If the BLE*/* is powered, remove all fuses before you perform the following steps.
2
Carefully install a reverse hybrid amplifier, if necessary, and install the design value pad
and equalizer in the output locations.
3
Ensure that both hybrid screws are tight. Torque the screws to 10 to 12 in-lbs. Over torque
can damage the hybrid.
4
Verify that there is a 0 dB pad (JXP-ZXT jumper) installed in the return input pad location
(JXP-IN).
If the optional ICS was ordered, verify that it is in the ICS location. If it was not ordered,
the factory installed jumper should remain in the ICS location.
5
Verify that the output pad closest to the hybrid output (JXP-OUT) has a 0 dB pad
(JXP-ZXT jumper) installed.
6
Verify that the output pad socket (JXP THERM), located between the hybrid output and the
SRE-*-*, has a 0 dB pad (JXP-ZXT jumper) or a JXP-TH*T installed.
7
Set the sweep equipment output level to the amplifiers design input level. Add insertion
point loss.
8
If required, change the output pad and/or equalizer to achieve, as close as possible, a match
of the reference level as compared to the node.
9
Verify the sweep response of all insertion points if applicable.
10 Verify that the pad and equalizer values are similar to the map design values.
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
3-14
Amplifier Setup
You can verify proper return alignment by injecting a carrier, at the design level, into any
amplifier at random. Proper alignment is achieved if you observe the reference level at the
headend optical receiver output.
Return levels used for alignment are not necessarily operational system levels. These levels
vary from system to system due to differences in equipment, architectures and design
philosophies. For an in-depth analysis and discussion of the return path, refer to Motorola
reference guide Return Path Level Selection, Setup and Alignment Procedure.
Powering and Surge Protection
In conventional applications, the line extenders are powered through the input port. To avoid
damage to the hybrids, it is recommended that you remove the input pad (JXP-IN) before you
apply power to the BLE*/*. A 20-ampere, blade-type fuse is furnished in the amplifier module
and provides overcurrent protection for ac power applied to the input. You can power the
BLE*/* from the output without passing power through to the input port. To block power from
the input port, remove the power-block jumper illustrated in Figure 2-9.
WARNING!
To avoid possible injury to personnel or damage to the equipment, remove 60/90 volt ac power from
the system before you remove any components from the housing.
The BLE*/* is shipped from the factory configured for 38 through 90 Vac powering as described
in Section 2, “Overview”. To configure the line extender for 55 Vac through 90 Vac operation:
1
Remove the E-pack from the housing.
2
Remove the power-supply cover.
3
Move the LO/HI selector (jumper J1 on the power-supply board) from the LO to HI position.
Figure 2-6 illustrates the jumper location.
4
Re-install the power-supply cover and torque the screws to 10 to 12 in-lbs.
5
Re-install the E-pack in the housing and torque the hold-down bolts to 18 to 22 in-lbs.
Standard surge protection is provided in the power supply by a heavy-duty, 230-volt, gas
discharge surge protector. As an option, you can install the FTEC crowbar overvoltage protector.
The FTEC, which replaces the standard gas-discharge tube, has a firing potential of
approximately 245 volts.
To install the FTEC:
1
Remove the E-pack from the housing.
2
Remove the power-supply cover.
3
Remove the gas-tube surge protector, illustrated in Figure 2-6.
4
Replace it with the FTEC.
5
Re-install the power-supply cover and torque the screws to 10 to 12 in-lbs.
6
Re-install the E-pack in the housing and torque the hold-down bolts to 18 to 22 in-lbs.
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
S ec ti on 4
B en ch Tes tin g
Motorola’s recommended procedure for placing a new BLE*/* into service is to fully test it on the
bench before it is field installed. There are specific alignment procedures that ensure proper
functioning of all components and simplify final installation. If the BLE*/* is properly aligned
on the bench only minor adjustments may be required in the field.
The following subsections provide instructions to bench align the BLE*/*.
Before You Begin
The BLE*/* is shipped with a 20 ampere blade-type fuse for overcurrent protection. To avoid
applying 60/90 Vac to the test equipment during testing, remove the fuse illustrated in
Figure 2-9.
Open the housing and remove the chassis cover. Refer to your system drawings or records to
confirm the presence of the required options as described in Section 3, “Amplifier Setup,”
Forward Path.
Test Equipment and Connections
The equipment typically used for testing the BLE*/* consists of a network analyzer such as the
HP 8711, 8712 or 8713 series, a model 1076 sweep comparator, and a model 1901C display or
equivalent. In addition, you need a 60/90 Vac bench power supply, a Motorola model SSP-PIN
power combiner, and a variety of jumper cables, adapters, and fittings.
Fabricate a cable simulator that you can configure to provide the desired cable loss in 1 dB
increments up to approximately 30 dB. Then, connect the test equipment as shown in
Figure 4-1:
Figure 4-1
Test equipment connections for bench sweeping
BLE-*/*
under test
Power
combiner
SE
M BL
M
E XI C
AS
Cable
simulator
I N
Sweep
comparator
6
5
1
Display
ED
Network
analyzer
2
O
4
3
60/90 Vac
117
Vac
AC power
supply
Sweep
input
Sweep
output
To protect the network analyzer and sweep comparator, you must configure the SSP-PIN power
combiner to block ac power from the input port.
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
4-2
Bench Testing
Measuring Forward Gain
This subsection provides instructions for measuring the full gain and the operational gain and
flatness of the BLE*/*.
To measure the full gain of the amplifier:
1
Determine whether the power-supply jumper (J1) is positioned for LO or HI operation.
2
Remove the input pad (JXP-IN) before you apply power to avoid damage to the hybrids.
3
Connect the BLE*/* to the test equipment as illustrated in Figure 4-1 and apply power.
4
Verify that the B+ voltage is 24 V ± 0.4 V and re-install the input pad.
5
Apply the sweep signal and adjust test equipment as needed.
6
Select manual gain by placing the drive control select jumper in the MAN position and turn
the MANUAL LEVEL control (Figure 2-9) fully clockwise.
7
Measure the gain at mixed forward frequency using the procedure outlined in the operator
manual provided with the test equipment in use. To correct this number, add the insertion
loss of the SSP-PIN power combiner (0.5 dB at 550 MHz, 0.6 dB at 750 MHz, or 0.7 dB at
870 MHz), the loss of the cable simulator at mixed forward frequency, and the loss of the
cable equalizer (1.0 dB), if it is installed.
E xa m p le
The test equipment indicates a measured gain of 12.5 dB with a BLE75S/* and the cable
simulator is set to 20 dB.
0.8 dB (power combiner)
+ 1.0 dB (cable equalizer)
+ 20.0 dB (cable simulator)
+ 12.5 dB (measured gain).
34.3 dB (unit gain).
The result must meet advertised specifications for the unit.
The operational gain of the BLE*/* provides reduced gain capability. This enables the unit to
operate in the proper region of the Bode board when it is controlled by the ADU or TDU drive
units.
To measure the operational gain and flatness of the amplifier:
1
Perform steps 1 through 6 in Measuring Forward Gain above.
2
Estimate the ambient temperature and find the required gain reserve by referring to
Table 3-3. Reduce the gain at the highest frequency by the amount given in the table.
Example:
The ambient temperature is 70°F. The table indicates that the required gain reserve is 4 dB.
Reduce the gain by 4 dB.
The operational gain is the sum of the measured gain after performing Step 2, plus all
losses, such as power combiner, cable loss, equalizer, and cable simulator.
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
Bench Testing
4-3
The sweep response is essentially flat at this point. If the response exhibits tilt, the cable
equalizer must be changed. Install a higher equalizer value if the gain is greater at the low
frequencies; install the next lower equalizer value if the gain is less at the low-end
frequencies.
3
Measure the gain excursions from an average value within the bandpass. The result is the
peak-to-valley flatness. Some improvement is possible by adjusting the flatness controls on
the *LDR/*/II board as described in Section 3, “Amplifier Setup,” Flatness Control.
Figure 3-3 illustrates the location of these controls on the *LDR/*/II board.
Testing Return Gain and Response
After configuring the return path, you can test the return bandpass to ensure compliance with
specifications. When testing the return amplifier, remember that it is a flat amplifier. Therefore,
the cable simulator must remain in the test set-up and must remain set to the same cable
equivalent as in the forward sweep test. This provides an approximate indication of the
frequency response, which you can achieve in the field.
To test for return gain and response:
1
Reconnect the test equipment and switch the sweep input and sweep output leads of the
BLE*/* under test to be opposite of the connection shown in Figure 4-1.
2
Remove the power block and replace the 20 A fuse (both illustrated in Figure 2-9) before you
apply power.
3
Re-adjust the test equipment to sweep from 4 MHz through the maximum return band
frequency plus 10 MHz.
The expected response is flat. Any tilt, which is due to the return equalizer, must average
out to a flat response in a cascade of amplifiers. A slope adjustment is not available in the
return bandpass.
4
Measure the gain at the maximum return band frequency (e.g. 40 MHz for S-split). The
amplifier gain is the sum of: the measured gain, the insertion loss of the return cable
equalizer at the maximum return band frequency, the insertion loss of the power combiner,
any pads installed in either the input or output pad locations, plus the cable simulator loss
at the maximum return band frequency. The measured gain must meet advertised
specifications for the return amplifier.
Example
14.0 dB (measured gain)
+ 1.0 dB (equalizer insertion loss)
+ 0.8 dB (power combiner)
+ 0.0 dB (pads)
+ 4.6 dB (cable simulator at 40 MHz)
20.4 dB (unit gain)
Completing the Test Procedures
The amplifier is now approximately tailored for a specific field location. Additional adjustments
after installation are minor in nature. Re-install the fuse removed during testing.
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
4-4
Bench Testing
Complete station records by recording pertinent information. Remove test-equipment
connections and close the housing following instructions provided in Section 5, “Installation,”
Closing the Housing.
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
S ec ti on 5
Installation
The field installation procedures presented in the following subsections assume that the
amplifier was previously tested and bench aligned. Cable power and RF signal must be
available on the system. Although it is desirable to have a full complement of channels available
for balancing, you can adjust the BLE*/* adequately with a limited number of channels.
You can install the BLE-HSG/15 on a messenger strand or on a pedestal. The following
subsections provide details on the application you require.
Aerial Installation
The housing is normally mounted without the E-pack to avoid possible damage during
installation. Connections are made using standard pin-type connectors with a nominal
center-conductor diameter of 0.067 inches. The minimum length of the center-conductor pin is
1.5 inches and the maximum length is 1.65 inches. Longer pins can extend past the
center-conductor seizure mechanism and degrade the match. Extremely long pins can result in a
short circuit.
Figure 5-1
Center-conductor pin length
1.65" Max.
1.50" Min.
To install the unit:
1
Power down the cable before you install the housing. This avoids blown fuses, tripped circuit
breakers, and possible personal injury.
2
Mount the housing, and torque the 5/16-inch messenger clamp bolts to 10 to 12 ft-lbs. Form
the customary expansion loops and make all cable connections.
3
To avoid water ingress, ensure that aluminum connectors are torqued to the specifications
recommended by the connector manufacturer.
4
Tighten the center-conductor seizure screw using a Phillips-head screw driver. An alternate
method is to use a 3/16-inch socket and a torque wrench. The recommended torque is
12 in-lbs. maximum.
5
Re-install the electronics and fasten the module to the housing with the four captive bolts.
Torque to 18 to 22 in-lbs.
6
Remove the input pad (JXP-IN) to avoid damage to the hybrids.
7
Apply power to the unit and allocate a few minutes for warm up.
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
5-2
8
9
Installation
Check the ac voltage setting (jumper J1, Figure 2-6).
J1 p osi t ion
Desc r ip tion
LO
The voltage must be greater than 38 Vac as read with a true rms voltmeter or 42 Vac when using a
conventional, average reading, ac voltmeter.
HI
The voltage must be greater than 55 Vac when read with a true rms voltmeter or 61 Vac when using a
conventional, average reading, ac voltmeter.
Check the dc voltage. Verify that it is between 23.6 V and 24.4 V and reinstall the input pad.
10 If necessary, rebalance the amplifier following the instructions in Section 3, “Amplifier
Setup.”
11 Check the tightness of the chassis cover screws (10 to 12 in-lbs.) and E-pack hold-down bolts
(18 to 22 in-lbs.).
12 Check the condition of the RF and weather gaskets.
13 Close the housing and use a torque wrench to sequentially and progressively tighten the
housing bolts to a final torque of 6 ft-lb in the sequence specified on the housing cover and
illustrated in Figure 5-2.
Figure 5-2
Torque sequence
2
6
MB
SE L
5
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
1
O
I N
M
ED
AS
4
EX IC
3
Installation
5-3
Pedestal Installation
Mount the BLE*/* to the pre-drilled pedestal mounting plate. Use the 5/16-inch messenger
clamp bolts to mount the unit to the pedestal and torque to 10 to 12 in-lbs.
Pedestal installation is similar to the aerial installation with one exception—temperature. In an
aerial installation, the cable and amplifier are subject to the same temperature. In contrast,
pedestal installation provides a stable temperature environment for the buried cable while
subjecting the elevated amplifier to higher temperatures. The ADU, if installed, functions the
same as in an aerial installation, and does not require further attention.
Manual thermal compensation provided by the TDU can be inaccurate and result in signal level
changes with ambient temperature change. One approach to this problem is to select the least
amount of cable setting (low) on the TDU. This results in minimal gain change with
temperature. A preferred approach is to install a JXP-TH*T thermal attenuator while operating
the BLE*/* in the manual mode.
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
S ec ti on 6
Operating Tips
When using the BLE*/* in 750 MHz or 550 MHz systems, you must consider the best method for
handling the reduced bandwidth and channel-loading requirement. The following information
helps you determine the best approach.
For distribution systems designed and installed as 870 MHz systems, but carrying a reduced
channel load, there are no further concerns. You can add or remove channels at your discretion.
If the system operates with ADUs, the pilot channel cannot be disturbed. Reduced channel
loading improves distortion.
For lower-frequency systems, such as 750 MHz or 550 MHz, to maintain amplifier gain it is
optimal to use the amplifier and equalizers that match the system frequency. For example,
750 MHz equalizers used in 550 MHz systems, result in reduced amplifier gain. In the BLE*/*
the SFE, as well as the LDR, are designed and optimized to a specific passband. When possible,
in addition to using the equalizers that correspond to your system frequency, also install the
amplifiers designed for that frequency. For example, in a 750 MHz system, a 750 MHz amplifier
is preferred but not required.
Using the Midstage Pad
There are two pad facilities in the forward amplifier. One is the conventional pad location at the
input to the amplifier (JXP-IN) and the other location is between the pre-amplifier and the
output stage (JXP-MID).
The input pad (JXP-IN) is normally changed to accommodate excessive input levels. When
operating at the same output levels, a BLE*/* with an input pad has the same carrier-to-noise
(c/n) and distortion performance as a BLE*/* without the input pad. Because it only attenuates
excess signal, it has no effect on the overall performance of the BLE*/*.
You can use the midstage pad (JXP-MID) to reduce the gain of the BLE*/* with minimal impact
to the noise figure, thus improving the c/n performance. There is a penalty, however, for using
this technique. When operating at the same output levels, the midstage pad forces the
pre-amplifier to operate at a higher output level. This degrades the station distortion
performance. Depending on: (1) the specific parameter being considered (CTB, CSO, XMD, noise
figure), (2) operating variables such as output level, and (3) the amplifier configuration,
distortion degradation can range from 0.5 dB to 1.5 dB for each dB of attenuation added.
Operating conditions that require the use of the midstage pad are very rare. It is recommended
that you contact Motorola’s TRC or your account representative for specific information
regarding use of the midstage pads.
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
Ap p en d i x A
Specifications
Specifications are valid over the given bandpass and operating temperature range of −40°F to
+140°F (−40°C to +60°C). Specifications are stated typical unless otherwise noted, and are
subject to change. Refer to the Motorola BCS web site or contact your account representative for
the latest specifications.
Model BLE87S/G*
Sp eci fica ti on
Fo rwa rd A mp li fi e r
Bandpass
BLE87S/G*
52 through 870 MHz
Gain
Full
Operational
32 dB (with SFE-*-*)
28 dB (with SFE-*-* and slope reserves)
Flatness
52 through 870 MHz
±0.60 dB maximum
Level control, automatic
Bode board using ADU/TDU
Gain control
Fixed pads, JXP-∗T
Performance - reference frequency
(MHz)
870/750/52
870/550/52
870/550/52
at typical output (dBmV)
43/47/37
47.5/48.5/41.5
43/44/37
Channels
112 analog/120 MHz
digital (suppressed by
6 dB)
79 analog/320 MHz
digital (suppressed
by 6 dB)
79 analog/320 MHz
digital (suppressed
by 6 dB)
Crossmod (worst case)
–59 dB
–54 dB
–63 dB
CTB (worst case)
–65 dB
–63.5 dB
–74 dB
CSO (worst case)
–68 dB
–69.5 dB
–74 dB
Noise figure
at 52 MHz
at 870 MHz
9 dB (with SFE-1)
9 dB (with SFE-1)
Interstage equalizer, 8LDR/8/G/II
8 ±1 dB
Hum modulation
–70 dB
Return loss, input/output
16 dB at operational level
Test points, input/output
20 ±0.7 dB
Housing dimensions
10.6 L × 8.0 W× 4.7 D inches (26.9 × 20.3 × 11.9 cm)
Weight
7.2 pounds (3.2 kg)
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
A-2
Specifications
Model BLE87S/*
Sp eci fica ti on
Fo rwa rd A mp li fi e r
Bandpass
BLE87S/*
52 through 870 MHz
Gain
Full
Operational
34 dB (with SFE-*-*)
30 dB (with SFE-*-* and slope reserves)
Flatness
52 through 870 MHz
±0.60 dB maximum
Level control, automatic
Bode board using ADU/TDU
Gain control
Fixed pads, JXP-∗T
Performance - reference frequency (MHz)
870/750/52
870/550/52
43/47/37
112 analog/120 MHz digital
(suppressed by 6 dB)
–58 dB
–61 dB
–66 dB
43/44/37
79 analog/320 MHz digital
(suppressed by 6 dB)
–63 dB
–70 dB
–73 dB
at typical output (dBmV)
Channels
Crossmod (worst case)
CTB (worst case)
CSO (worst case)
Noise figure
at 52 MHz
at 870 MHz
9 dB (with SFE-1)
9 dB (with SFE-1)
Interstage equalizer, 8LDR/8/II
8 ±1 dB
Hum modulation
–70 dB
Return loss, input/output
15 dB at operational level
Test points, input/output
20 ±0.7 dB
Housing dimensions
10.6 L × 8.0 W× 4.7 D inches (26.9 × 20.3 × 11.9 cm)
Weight
7.2 pounds (3.2 kg)
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
Specifications
A-3
Model BLE75S/G*
Sp eci fica ti on
Fo rwa rd A mp li fi e r
Bandpass
BLE75S/G*
52 through 750 MHz
Gain
Full
Operational
32 dB (with SFE-*-*)
28 dB (with SFE-*-* and slope reserves)
Flatness
52 through 870 MHz
±0.60 dB maximum
Level control, automatic
Bode board using ADU/TDU
Gain control
Fixed pads, JXP-∗T
Performance - reference frequency (MHz)
750/52
750/550/52
750/550/52
at typical output (dBmV)
47/37
45.5/48.5/41.5
41/44/37
Channels
112 analog
79 analog/200 MHz
digital (suppressed
by 6 dB)
79 analog/200 MHz
digital (suppressed
by 6 dB)
Crossmod (worst case)
–59 dB
–54 dB
–63 dB
CTB (worst case)
–65 dB
–63.5 dB
–74 dB
CSO (worst case)
–68 dB
–69.5 dB
–74 dB
Noise figure
at 52 MHz
at 750 MHz
9 dB (with SFE-1)
9 dB (with SFE-1)
Interstage equalizer, 7LDR/7/G/II
7 ±1 dB
Hum modulation
–70 dB
Return loss, input/output
16 dB at operational level
Test points, input/output
20 ±0.5 dB
Housing dimensions
10.6 L × 8.0 W× 4.7 D inches (26.9 × 20.3 × 11.9 cm)
Weight
7.2 pounds (3.2 kg)
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
A-4
Specifications
Model BLE75S/*
Sp eci fica ti on
Fo rwa rd A mp li fi e r
Bandpass
BLE75S/*
52 through 750 MHz
Gain
Full
Operational
33 dB (with SFE-*-*)
29 dB (with SFE-*-* and slope reserves)
Flatness
52 through 750 MHz
±0.60 dB maximum
Level control, automatic
Bode board using ADU/TDU
Gain control
Fixed pads, JXP-∗T
Performance - reference frequency (MHz)
750/52
750/550/52
at typical output (dBmV)
Channels
47/37
112 analog
Crossmod (worst case)
CTB (worst case)
CSO (worst case)
–59 dB
–57 dB
–59 dB
37/44/37
79 analog/200 MHz digital (suppressed by
6 dB)
–63 dB
–69 dB
–68 dB
Noise figure
at 52 MHz
at 750 MHz
9 dB (with SFE-1)
9 dB (with SFE-1)
Interstage equalizer slope, 7LDR/7/II
7 ±1 dB
Hum modulation
–70 dB
Return loss, input/output
15 dB at operational level
Test points, input/output
20 ±0.5 dB
Housing dimensions
10.6 L × 8.0 W× 4.7 D inches (26.9 × 20.3 × 11.9 cm)
Weight
7.2 pounds (3.2 kg)
AC Current, BLE75*/*, BLE87*/* (Standard Power Supply)
A C V ol ta ge
O n e- wa y
( typ ica l E - Ga A s)
Wi th R A- Ki t
( typ ica l E - Ga A s)
One- way
( typica l Silic on )
Wi th R A- Ki t
( typica l Silic on )
90 Vac
0.48 A
0.56 A
0.45 A
0.54 A
75 Vac
0.50 A
0.59 A
0.48 A
0.57 A
60 Vac
0.56 A
0.65 A
0.53 A
0.63 A
53 Vac
0.60 A
0.70 A
0.57 A
0.68 A
45 Vac
0.67 A
0.78 A
0.63 A
0.74 A
38 Vac
0.75 A
0.88 A
0.72 A
0.85 A
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
Specifications
A-5
RA-Kit/L Return Amplifier
Pa ra me t e r
Sp eci fica ti on
Bandpass
BLE*/*
Gain, station (minimum)
5 through 40 MHz
19 dB (18 dB for M-split, 16 dB for T-split)
Flatness
±0.50 dB
Level control
Fixed pads, JXP-∗T, input and output
Performance
at typical output
Channels
Crossmod
Single triple beat
Single second order
41 dBmV, flat
4 NTSC
–74 dB
–82 dB
–77 dB
Noise figure
6 dB
Power requirements
24 Vdc, 125 mA
ADU Automatic Drive Unit
Pa ra me t e r
Sp eci fica ti on
Pilot channel
See current catalog
Adjacent channel frequency
±6 MHz
Minimum BLE*/* output at pilot frequency
+36 dBmV
ALC stiffness
±0.3 output change for ±3.0 dB input change
Power requirement
24 Vdc, 75 mA
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
Ap p en d i x B
Tor q u e S p eci f i ca t i on s
Torque specifications are valid for all models of the BLE*/*.
T o rq u e
Fas ten e r
Sc rew
Siz e
W r en c h
Siz e
In-lbs
F t- l b s
N-M
Strand clamp/pedestal
mounting
5/16-18
1/2 inch
120-144
10-12
13.6-16.3
Housing/lid closure
1/4-20
7/16 inch
72
6.0
8.1
Test point plugs
5/8-24
1/2 inch
25-40
2.1-3.3
2.8-4.5
Seizure screw
#8-32
3/16 inch or
Phillips
12
1.0
1.4
Hybrid
#6-32
Phillips
10-12
0.8-1.0
1.1-1.4
Chassis (E-pack)
#10-32
5/16 inch
18-22
1.5-1.8
2.0-2.4
Chassis cover
#6-32
1/4 inch or
Phillips
10-12
0.8-1.0
1.1-1-4
Status monitor
#10-32
triple lead
5/16 inch
24-30
2.0-2.5
2.7-3.4
Power supply cover
#6-32
Phillips
10-12
0.8-1.0
1.1-1.4
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
Abbreviations and Acronyms
The abbreviations and acronyms list contains the full spelling of the short forms used in this
manual.
ADU
Automatic Drive Unit
c/n
carrier-to-noise
CSO
Composite Second Order
CTB
Composite Triple Beat
cw
Continuous wave
dB
Decibel
dBmV
Decibels referenced to one millivolt
FTEC
Fast Transfer Electronic Crowbar
ICS
Ingress Control Switch
MHz
Megahertz
NTSC
National Television Standards Committee
rms
root-mean-square
RSA
Return for Service Authorization
SAW
Surface Acoustic Wave
SCS-*
Starline Cable Simulator
SFE-*-*
Starline Forward Equalizer
SRE-*-*
Starline Return Equalizer
TDU
Thermal Drive Unit
BLE*/* Installation and Operation Manual
475100-001-99
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