Canon CDI-E151-010 Installation manual

400W SERIES
INSTALLATION MANUAL
GPS 400W, GNC TM 420W/420AW, and GNS TM 430W/430AW
GNC and GNS are trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries and may not be
used without the express permission of Garmin.
Garmin International, Inc.
190-00356-02
October 2008
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Rev. F
© Copyright 2006-2008
Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries
All Rights Reserved
Except as expressly provided herein, no part of this manual may be reproduced, copied, transmitted,
disseminated, downloaded or stored in any storage medium, for any purpose without the express prior
written consent of Garmin. Garmin hereby grants permission to download a single copy of this manual
and of any revision to this manual onto a hard drive or other electronic storage medium to be viewed and
to print one copy of this manual or of any revision hereto, provided that such electronic or printed copy of
this manual or revision must contain the complete text of this copyright notice and provided further that
any unauthorized commercial distribution of this manual or any revision hereto is strictly prohibited.
Garmin International, Inc.
1200 E. 151st Street
Olathe, KS 66062 USA
Telephone: 913-397-8200
Aviation Panel-Mount Technical Support Line (Toll Free): 1-888-606-5482
Web Site Address: www.garmin.com
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
Liberty House
Bull Copse Road
Hounsdown Business Park
Southampton, SO40 9RB, UK
Telephone: 44 (0) 8708501243
RECORD OF REVISIONS
Revision
A
B
C
D
E
F
Revision
Description
Date
11/2/06 Production Release
11/28/06 Added GA 35 antenna information and corrected wire gauge for
main connector power.
4/5/07
Incorporated customer feedback.
10/1/07 Incorporated main software version 3.00 and GPS/WAAS
software version 3.0. Added GA 36, GA 37 and several other
non-Garmin antennas. Changed GPS antenna cable loss
requirements. Added interface interconnects to equipment,
including several autopilots, Century AK 1081 GPSS converter,
ACK Technologies altitude encoder and Avidyne PFD/MFD.
Added GPS vertical guidance display for EFIS 40/50. Added
COM remote discrete.
3/25/08 Incorporated main software version 3.10 changes. Added ETSO
authorizations, ETSO deviations, and FCC ID information.
Added interface interconnects to Cessna IFCS and Bendix M4
autopilots, and Collins DME 42. Clarified requirements for
approving interfaces to autopilot, audio panel, air data
computers and altitude encoders/serializers.
10/7/08 Addition of GAD 42, G600, and v3.10 changes
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page A
Rev. F
Revision
F
Page
Number(s)
Section
Number
i
1-14
3-12
TOC
1.6.2
3.13.1
5-3
5.3.1
5-4
5-27
5-27
5-37
5-42/43
6-3
6-4
8-1
B-1
G-1
G-3
G-4
G-7
G-7
H-1
H-14
H-20
H-29
H-33
H-40
H-56
H-57
5.3.1
5.4.7
5.4.8
5.5.6.13
Checkout Log
6.1
6.2
8.4
B.2
G.2
G.3
G.6
G.13
G.14
H.1
App. H
App. H
App. H
App. H
App. H
App. H
App. H
Description of Change
Added warning about disposing of lithium batteries.
Removed TAWS from deviation #4 of TSO-C146a
Added caption “Table 3-7, Autopilot Coupling Limitations”. Added Collins model
APS 65 ( ) and Bendix model M4D to table. Removed the vertical capabilities
from KAP 100. Added S-TEC System 55. Reference IB 0715.
Added Bendix/King EFS 40/50 to EFIS/Airdata setting, and added Garmin GDU
setting.
Added note [2] to Data Out table to clarify setting for GTX 330.
Added section for the GAD 42 Interface Check
Added section for Lighting Bus Interface Check
Added section for G600 Interface Check
Added GAD 42, G600 and aircraft lighting bus to checkout log.
Added entry for troubleshooting incorrect CDI scaling on EFS 40/50 in Table 6-1.
Added Alert Text Troubleshooting Procedure troubleshooting guide.
Added warning about disposing of lithium batteries.
Reworded section B.2
Corrected data format for the Insight air data computer
Changed autopilot table to include note for Honeywell.
Added the Garmin G600 to EFIS Displays table.
Revised notes for the MX20 MFD.
Added the Garmin GAD 42 as an interface adapter.
Added the GAD 42 and G600 interconnect drawings to list.
Corrected pin designations for the Bendix King KI 525A in figure H-7.
Clarified notes 4 and 5 on sheet 2 of figure H-11.
Corrected note 11 in sheet 2 of figure H-16.
Corrected pin designations for the Bendix King KMA 26 in sheet 1 of figure H-19.
Added note 6 to figure H-25.
Added GAD 42 interconnect
Added G600 interconnect.
DOCUMENT PAGINATION
Section
Table of Contents
Section 1
Section 2
Section 3
Section 4
Section 5
Section 6
Section 7
Section 8
Appendix A
Appendix B
Appendix C
Appendix D
Appendix E
Appendix F
Appendix G
Appendix H
Page B
Rev. F
Pagination
i – viii
1-1 through 1-18
2-1 through 2-14
3-1 through 3-14
4-1 through 4-22
5-1 through 5-44
6-1 through 6-10
7-1 through 7-4
8-1 through 8-2
A-1 through A-2
B-1 through B-2
C-1 through C-2
D-1 through D-4
E-1 through E-6
F-1 through F-8
G-1 through G-8
H-1 through H-58
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
This manual reflects the operation of main software version 3.10. Some differences in operation may be
observed when comparing the information in this manual to other software versions.
INFORMATION SUBJECT TO EXPORT CONTROL LAWS
This document may contain information which is subject to the Export Administration Regulations
("EAR") issued by the United States Department of Commerce (15 CFR, Chapter VII, Subchapter C) and
which may not be exported, released, or disclosed to foreign nationals inside or outside of the United
States without first obtaining an export license. A violation of the EAR may be subject to a penalty of up
to 10 years imprisonment and a fine of up to $1,000,000 under Section 2410 of the Export Administration
Act of 1979. Include this notice with any reproduced portion of this document.
WARNING
This product, its packaging, and its components contain chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, birth defects, or reproductive harm. This Notice is being
provided in accordance with California's Proposition 65. If you have any questions or
would like additional information, please refer to our web site at
www.garmin.com/prop65
0H
Perchlorate Material – special handling may apply, see
www.dtsc.ca.gov/hazardouswaste/perchlorate/
1H
WARNING
This product contains a Lithium battery that must be recycled or disposed of properly.
Battery replacement and removal must be performed by professional services.
Hg
Lamp(s) inside this product contains mercury and must be recycled or disposed of
according to local, state, or federal laws.
For more information go to:
www.garmin.com/aboutGarmin/environment/disposal.jsp.
2H
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page i
Rev. F
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PARAGRAPH
1.
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2.
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
3.
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
3.10
3.11
3.12
3.13
4.
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
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4H
5H
6H
7H
8H
9H
10H
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Page ii
Rev. F
PAGE
GENERAL DESCRIPTION ......................................................................................................... 1-1
Introduction................................................................................................................................... 1-1
Scope............................................................................................................................................. 1-2
Equipment Description ................................................................................................................. 1-2
Technical Specifications ............................................................................................................... 1-3
License Requirements ................................................................................................................. 1-11
Regulatory Compliance .............................................................................................................. 1-12
Database Options and Updates ................................................................................................... 1-17
Fault Detection and Exclusion (FDE)......................................................................................... 1-17
Limited Warranty........................................................................................................................ 1-18
INSTALLATION OVERVIEW ................................................................................................... 2-1
Introduction................................................................................................................................... 2-1
Minimum System Configuration .................................................................................................. 2-1
External Sensors ........................................................................................................................... 2-2
Antenna Considerations ................................................................................................................ 2-3
Mounting Considerations.............................................................................................................. 2-7
Cabling and Wiring Considerations............................................................................................ 2-11
Air Circulation and Cooling........................................................................................................ 2-11
Compass Safe Distance............................................................................................................... 2-11
Installation Approval Considerations ......................................................................................... 2-12
INSTALLATION PROCEDURES............................................................................................... 3-1
Unit and Accessories..................................................................................................................... 3-1
Optional Accessories .................................................................................................................... 3-2
Database Options .......................................................................................................................... 3-3
Miscellaneous Options.................................................................................................................. 3-3
Optional Reference Material......................................................................................................... 3-3
Installation Materials Required but Not Provided ........................................................................ 3-4
Special Tools Required ................................................................................................................. 3-5
Cable Installation .......................................................................................................................... 3-6
Equipment Mounting .................................................................................................................... 3-8
Antenna Installation and Connection............................................................................................ 3-9
Weight and Balance .................................................................................................................... 3-10
Electrical Load Analysis ............................................................................................................. 3-11
AFMS Completion – Based on Autopilot Type ......................................................................... 3-12
SYSTEM INTERCONNECTS ..................................................................................................... 4-1
Pin Function List........................................................................................................................... 4-1
Power, Lighting, and Antennas..................................................................................................... 4-5
Altitude Gray Code ....................................................................................................................... 4-6
Main Indicator............................................................................................................................... 4-7
Annunciators/Switches ................................................................................................................. 4-9
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400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
4.6 Serial Data................................................................................................................................... 4-12
4.7 COM/VOR/ILS Audio (GNC 420W and GNS 430W only) ...................................................... 4-16
4.8 VOR/ILS Indicator (GNS 430W Only) ...................................................................................... 4-18
4.9 RMI/OBI..................................................................................................................................... 4-20
4.10 DME Tuning (GNS 430W Only)................................................................................................ 4-21
5.
POST INSTALLATION CONFIGURATION & CHECKOUT PROCEDURES ....................... 5-1
5.1 Mounting and Wiring Check ........................................................................................................ 5-1
5.2 Connector Engagement Check...................................................................................................... 5-1
5.3 Configuration Mode Operations ................................................................................................... 5-1
5.4 Ground Checks (Configuration Mode) ....................................................................................... 5-25
5.5 Ground Checks (Normal Mode) ................................................................................................. 5-28
5.6 Flight Checks .............................................................................................................................. 5-38
5.7 Database Check........................................................................................................................... 5-39
5.8 Airplane Flight Manual Supplement Checks .............................................................................. 5-40
6.
TROUBLESHOOTING................................................................................................................ 6-1
6.1 Troubleshooting Procedure........................................................................................................... 6-1
6.2 Alert Text Troubleshooting Procedure ......................................................................................... 6-4
6.3 Contacting the Factory for Assistance .......................................................................................... 6-9
7.
LIMITATIONS............................................................................................................................. 7-1
7.1 Operations..................................................................................................................................... 7-1
7.2 Installation .................................................................................................................................... 7-2
7.3 Rotorcraft Installation ................................................................................................................... 7-3
7.4 Aircraft Radio Station License...................................................................................................... 7-3
8.
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE...................................................................................................... 8-1
8.1 Equipment Calibration .................................................................................................................. 8-1
8.2 VOR Checks ................................................................................................................................. 8-1
8.3 Cleaning ........................................................................................................................................ 8-1
8.4 Battery Replacement..................................................................................................................... 8-1
APPENDIX A
ENVIRONMENTAL QUALIFICATION FORM ..................................................... A-1
APPENDIX B
STC DATA................................................................................................................. B-1
B.1 STC Information .......................................................................................................................... B-1
B.2 Permission to use STC ................................................................................................................. B-1
B.3 Continued Airworthiness Instructions ......................................................................................... B-1
B.4 STC Approved Model List........................................................................................................... B-1
APPENDIX C
RESERVED ............................................................................................................... C-1
APPENDIX D
400W SERIES RS-232 AVIATION DATA FORMAT............................................. D-1
D.1 Electrical Interface ....................................................................................................................... D-1
D.2 General Output Format ................................................................................................................ D-1
D.3 Output Sentence Type 1............................................................................................................... D-1
D.4 Output Sentence Type 2............................................................................................................... D-3
APPENDIX E
400W SERIES RS-232 FUEL/AIR DATA INPUT FORMAT ................................. E-1
E.1 Electrical Interface ....................................................................................................................... E-1
E.2 Shadin Altitude Sentence............................................................................................................. E-1
400W Series Installation Manual
Page iii
190-00356-02
Rev. F
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E.3 Icarus Altitude Sentence .............................................................................................................. E-1
E.4 Shadin Fuel Flow Sentence.......................................................................................................... E-2
E.5 ARNAV / EI Fuel Flow Sentence................................................................................................ E-2
E.6 Shadin Fuel/Air Data Computer Sentence ................................................................................... E-3
APPENDIX F
MECHANICAL DRAWINGS .................................................................................... F-1
F.1 Drawing List ................................................................................................................................. F-1
APPENDIX G
APPROVED EQUIPMENT ....................................................................................... G-1
G.1 Audio Panels ................................................................................................................................ G-1
G.2 Air Data Computer....................................................................................................................... G-1
G.3 Altitude Serializer or Fuel/Air Data............................................................................................. G-2
G.4 Autopilots..................................................................................................................................... G-3
G.5 Encoding Altimeter or Blind Encoder (Gray Code) .................................................................... G-4
G.6 EFIS Displays .............................................................................................................................. G-4
G.7 EHSI............................................................................................................................................. G-4
G.8 IRU/AHRS................................................................................................................................... G-5
G.9 NAV Indicator ............................................................................................................................. G-5
G.10 Weather, Traffic and Terrain ....................................................................................................... G-5
G.11 DME............................................................................................................................................. G-6
G.12 CDI/HSI Source Selection Annunciators..................................................................................... G-6
G.13 Multifunction Displays ................................................................................................................ G-7
G.14 Interface Adapters........................................................................................................................ G-7
APPENDIX H
STC APPROVED INSTALLATION DIAGRAMS................................................... H-1
H.1 Introduction.................................................................................................................................. H-1
H.2 Drawing List ................................................................................................................................ H-1
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Page iv
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 2-1. GPS Antenna Installation Considerations .............................................................................. 2-5
Figure 2-2. Source Selection Annunciation Field of View ....................................................................... 2-9
Figure 2-3. GPS Navigation Annunciation Field of View...................................................................... 2-10
Figure 3-1. Coaxial Cable Installation ...................................................................................................... 3-6
Figure 5-1. MAIN ARINC 429 CONFIG Page ........................................................................................ 5-2
Figure 5-2. MAIN RS-232 CONFIG Page ............................................................................................... 5-5
Figure 5-3. MAIN SYSTEM CONFIG Page............................................................................................ 5-8
Figure 5-4. MAIN SYSTEM CONFIG Page............................................................................................ 5-8
Figure 5-5. MAIN SYSTEM CONFIG Page............................................................................................ 5-9
Figure 5-6. MAIN INPUTS 1 Page ........................................................................................................ 5-10
Figure 5-7. MAIN INPUTS 2 Page ........................................................................................................ 5-10
Figure 5-8. INSTRUMENT PANEL SELF-TEST Page ........................................................................ 5-11
Figure 5-9. MAIN LIGHTING Page ...................................................................................................... 5-11
Figure 5-10. MAIN LIGHTING Page .................................................................................................... 5-12
Figure 5-11. DATE/TIME SETUP Page ................................................................................................ 5-12
Figure 5-12. MAIN DISCRETE INPUTS Page ...................................................................................... 5-13
Figure 5-13. MAIN DISCRETE OUTPUTS Page ................................................................................. 5-13
Figure 5-14. MAIN CDI/OBS CONFIG Page........................................................................................ 5-14
Figure 5-15. COM SETUP Page............................................................................................................. 5-16
Figure 5-16. VOR DISCRETE INPUTS Page........................................................................................ 5-17
Figure 5-17. VOR/LOC/GS CDI Page ................................................................................................... 5-17
Figure 5-18. VOR/LOC/GS ARINC 429 CONFIG Page ....................................................................... 5-19
Figure 5-19. Measurement of GPS Vertical Offset................................................................................. 5-20
Figure 5-20. GPS Vertical Offset Page................................................................................................... 5-20
Figure 5-21. STORMSCOPE CONFIG Page ......................................................................................... 5-21
Figure 5-22. STORMSCOPE TEST Page .............................................................................................. 5-21
Figure 5-23. STORMSCOPE DOWNLOAD DATA Page .................................................................... 5-21
Figure 5-24. TRAFFIC Page (SkyWatch) .............................................................................................. 5-22
Figure 5-25. TRAFFIC Page (TCAD) .................................................................................................... 5-22
Figure 5-26. RYAN TCAD CONFIG Page ............................................................................................ 5-23
Figure 5-27. GAD 42 CONFIG Page...................................................................................................... 5-23
Figure 5-28. GDL CONFIG Page ........................................................................................................... 5-23
Figure 5-29. Data Link Diagnostics........................................................................................................ 5-24
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Figure F-1.
Figure F-2.
Figure F-3.
Figure F-4.
Figure F-5.
400W Series Mounting Rack Dimensions ............................................................................. F-3
GNS 430W Mounting Rack Installation................................................................................F-4
GNC 420W Mounting Rack Installation ............................................................................... F-5
GPS 400W Mounting Rack Installation.................................................................................F-6
400W Series Recommended Panel Cutout Dimensions ........................................................ F-7
253H
254H
25H
256H
257H
Figure H-1. 400W Series System Interface Diagram............................................................................... H-3
Figure H-2. GNS 430W Typical Installation ........................................................................................... H-4
Figure H-3. GNC 420W Typical Installation........................................................................................... H-6
Figure H-4. GPS 400W Typical Installation............................................................................................ H-8
Figure H-5. Power, Lighting, and Antenna Interconnect....................................................................... H-10
Figure H-6. Gray Code Altimeter Interconnect ..................................................................................... H-13
Figure H-7. Main Indicator Interconnect ............................................................................................... H-14
Figure H-8. KI 209A Main Indicator Interconnect ................................................................................ H-15
Figure H-9. KI 208A Main Indicator Interconnect ................................................................................ H-16
Figure H-10. RS-232 Serial Data Interconnect ...................................................................................... H-17
Figure H-11. ARINC 429 EFIS Interconnect ........................................................................................ H-19
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400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page v
Rev. F
Figure H-12.
Figure H-13.
Figure H-14.
Figure H-15.
Figure H-16.
Figure H-17.
Figure H-18.
Figure H-19.
Figure H-20.
Figure H-21.
Figure H-22.
Figure H-23.
Figure H-24.
Figure H-25.
Figure H-26.
Figure H-27.
Figure H-28.
Figure H-29.
Figure H-30.
Figure H-31.
Figure H-32.
Figure H-33.
Figure H-34.
Figure H-35.
Figure H-36.
Figure H-37.
ARINC 429 Sandel EHSI Interconnect (One 400W Series Unit, One Sandel SN3308) . H-21
ARINC 429 Sandel EHSI Interconnect (Two GNS 430W, One Sandel SN3308)........... H-23
ARINC 429 Sandel EHSI Interconnect (Two GNS 430W, Two Sandel SN3308) .......... H-25
ARINC 429/RS-232 Air Data/IRU/AHRS Interconnect.................................................. H-26
Traffic Advisory System Interconnect ............................................................................. H-28
GTX 330 Interconnect...................................................................................................... H-30
Weather and Terrain Interconnect .................................................................................... H-31
Audio Panel Interconnect ................................................................................................. H-33
VOR/ILS Indicator Interconnect ...................................................................................... H-35
RMI/OBI Interconnect ..................................................................................................... H-36
King Serial Panel DME Tuning Interconnect .................................................................. H-37
King Serial Remote DME Tuning Interconnect............................................................... H-38
Parallel 2 of 5 DME Tuning Interconnect ........................................................................ H-39
Bendix/King Analog Autopilot Interconnect ................................................................... H-40
Century Autopilot Interconnect........................................................................................ H-41
S-TEC Autopilot Interconnect.......................................................................................... H-43
ARINC 429 Sandel EHSI Interconnect (One 400W, One Sandel SN3500) .................... H-45
External Navigation Source and GPS Annunciators ........................................................ H-47
Parallel Slip Code DME Tuning Interconnect.................................................................. H-49
Cessna Autopilot Interconnect ......................................................................................... H-50
Bendix Autopilot Interconnect ......................................................................................... H-51
Switches Interconnect....................................................................................................... H-52
ARINC 429 Avidyne PFD/MFD Interconnect................................................................. H-53
Collins Autopilot Interconnect ......................................................................................... H-55
Garmin GAD 42 Interconnect .......................................................................................... H-56
Garmin G600 Interconnect............................................................................................... H-57
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LIST OF TABLES
Table 1-1. 400W Series Units ................................................................................................................... 1-1
Table 1-2. Antennas Without IFR GPS Operational Limitations ............................................................. 1-9
Table 1-3. Antennas With IFR GPS Operational Limitations ................................................................. 1-10
Table 1-4. TSO Authorization ................................................................................................................ 1-12
Table 1-5. ETSO Authorization .............................................................................................................. 1-15
Table 3-1. Catalog Part Numbers.............................................................................................................. 3-1
Table 3-2. Standard Kit Accessories......................................................................................................... 3-1
Table 3-3. Recommended Crimp Tools (or Equivalent)........................................................................... 3-5
Table 3-4. Pin Contact Part Numbers ....................................................................................................... 3-7
Table 3-5. Unit Weights.......................................................................................................................... 3-10
Table 3-6. 400W Series Power Input ...................................................................................................... 3-11
Table 3-7. Autopilot Coupling Limitations.............................................................................................. 3-12
Table 5-1. GNS 400W Series Post-Installation Checkout Log............................................................... 5-41
Table 6-1. Troubleshooting Guide............................................................................................................ 6-1
Table 6-2. Alert Text Troubleshooting Guide .......................................................................................... 6-4
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Table A-1. Environmental Qualification Form Part Numbers................................................................. A-1
310H
Table D-1. Type 1 Output Sentence Format ............................................................................................. D-2
Table D-2. Type 2 Output Sentence Format ............................................................................................. D-4
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Page vi
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
400W SERIES HARDWARE MOD LEVEL HISTORY
The following table identifies hardware modification (Mod) Levels for the GPS 400W, GNC 420W
and GNS 430W. Mod Levels are listed with the associated service bulletin number, service bulletin
date, and the purpose of the modification. The table is current at the time of publication of this manual
(see date on front cover) and is subject to change without notice. Authorized Garmin Sales and Service
Centers are encouraged to access the most up-to-date bulletin and advisory information on the Garmin
Dealer Resource web site at www.garmin.com using their Garmin -provided user name and password.
MOD LEVEL
SERVICE
BULLETIN
NUMBER
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
SERVICE BULLETIN
DATE
PURPOSE OF MODIFICATION
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400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION
0B
1.1
Introduction
8B
This manual describes the physical, mechanical, and electrical characteristics, as well as instructions and
other conditions and limitations for installation and approval of the 400W Series panel-mounted units.
The 400W Series includes the GPS 400W, GNC 420W, GNC 420AW, GNS 430W, and GNS 430AW
panel-mounted units. Refer to Section 7, Limitations for additional information and other considerations.
31H
NOTE
Except where specifically noted, references made to the GNS 430W will equally apply to the
GNS 430AW. Also, except where specifically noted, references made to the GNC 420W will
apply equally to GNC 420AW.
Table 1-1. 400W Series Units
MODEL
PART NUMBER
COLOR
GPS 400W
011-01057-00
BLACK
011-01057-10
GRAY
011-01057-40
BLACK
NOTE 1
011-01057-50
GRAY
NOTE 1
011-01058-00
BLACK
011-01058-10
GRAY
011-01058-40
BLACK
NOTE 1
011-01058-45
BLACK
28 VDC UPGRADE UNIT
011-01058-50
GRAY
NOTE 1
011-01059-00
BLACK
011-01059-10
GRAY
011-01059-40
BLACK
NOTE 1
011-01059-50
GRAY
NOTE 1
011-01060-00
BLACK
GNC 420W
GNC 420AW
GNS 430W
GNS 430AW
NOTES
011-01060-10
GRAY
011-01060-40
BLACK
NOTE 1
011-01060-45
BLACK
28 VDC UPGRADE UNIT
011-01060-50
GRAY
NOTE 1
011-01061-00
BLACK
011-01061-10
GRAY
011-01061-40
BLACK
NOTE 1
011-01061-50
GRAY
NOTE 1
Designations: A = 28 VDC Unit with 16w COM transmitter
Note 1: The unit is an upgrade of the non-WAAS unit.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 1-1
Rev. F
1.2
Scope
9B
The installation instructions and other data contained within this manual are FAA approved under
400W/500W Series AML STC SA01933LA, which is applicable for implementation within airplanes that
are type certificated only under Civil Air Regulation 3 (CAR 3) or 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)
Part 23. Only the equipment and systems interfaces described in this manual have been determined to be
mutually compatible and are operationally suitable and approved for use as characterized herein, or within
the FAA approved airplane flight manual supplement (AFMS) reflecting main software version 2.00 and
later. Some differences in operation may be observed when comparing the information in this manual and
the FAA approved AFMS to later FAA approved software versions. Such differences will be identified in
revised editions of the FAA approved AFMS characterizing later software versions, and any applicable
limitations and normal or abnormal operating conditions.
It is possible for installers and other appropriately certificated persons to seek FAA approval for
installation and operational use of the 400W Series equipment with systems not identified in this manual,
such as for aircraft certificated under 14 CFR Parts 25, 27, or 29, by means of a field approval, STC or
TC. Refer to FAA Advisory Circular (AC) 20-138A and other applicable guidance when applying for
installation and operational approval. AC 21-40 provides guidance for the STC approval process and AC
43-210 provides guidance for the field approval process. If the field approval process is used, it is
advisable to consider the conditions and stipulations in FAA Flight Standards Flight Standards
Information Bulletin for Airworthiness (FSAW), 94-32, “Guidance for Performing Field Approvals of
Installation and Operational Use of Global Positioning Systems (GPS) or GPS with Wide Area
Augmentation Systems (GPS/WAAS), Referred to as Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS)
Equipment”, as revised.
Regardless of applicability of the AML STC or alternative field approval application for installation and
operational approval, prior to completing the installation and before returning the airplane to service, the
installer or other appropriately certificated person is required to complete and submit an FAA Form 337
(OMB No. 2120-0020), “Major Repair and Alteration Airframe, Powerplant, Propeller, or Appliance” to
their local FAA Flight Standards District Office describing the work accomplished. The FAA Form 337
must detail the equipment and systems to which the respective GPS 400W, GNC 420W, GNC 420AW,
GNS 430W, or GNS 430AW is interfaced and reflect appropriately approved or acceptable data for which
follow-on FAA field approval is being sought. See AC 43.9-1E for instructions for completing the FAA
Form 337.
1.3
Equipment Description
10B
The 400W Series units are 6.25 inches wide 2.66 inches high. The display is a 240 by 128 pixel color
LCD. The units include two removable data cards, one with a Jeppesen database (to be inserted in the left
card slot), and the second being a terrain database (to be inserted in the right card slot).
The GPS 400W is a GPS/WAAS unit that meets the requirements of Technical Standard Order (TSO)C146a (specified in Table 1-4) and may be approved for IFR en route, terminal, non-precision, and
precision approach operations when installed in reference to the instructions in this manual as referenced
in AML STC SA01933LA.
314H
The GNC 420W/(AW) includes all the features of the GPS 400W, and also includes VHF
communications transceiver. The “AW” model is a 28 VDC unit with a 16 Watt COM transmitter. The
GNC 420W/(AW) meets the requirements of TSOs specified in Table 1-4.
315H
The GNS 430W/(AW) includes all the features of the GNC 420W/(AW), and also includes airborne
VOR/localizer (LOC) and glideslope (G/S) receivers. The “AW” model is a 28 VDC unit with a 16 Watt
COM transmitter. The GNS 430W/(AW) meets the requirements of TSOs specified in Table 1-4.
316H
Page 1-2
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
CAUTION
The GPS 400W Series product lens is coated with a special anti-reflective coating which
is very sensitive to skin oils, waxes and abrasive cleaners. CLEANERS CONTAINING
AMMONIA WILL HARM THE ANTI-REFLECTIVE COATING. It is very important
to clean the lens using a clean, lint-free cloth and an eyeglass lens cleaner that is specified
as safe for anti-reflective coatings.
CAUTION
The use of ground-based cellular telephones while aircraft are airborne is prohibited by
FCC rules. Due to potential interference with onboard systems, the use of ground-based
cell phones while the aircraft is on the ground is subject to FAA regulation 14 CFR
§91.21.
FCC regulation 47 CFR §22.925 prohibits airborne operation of ground-based cellular
telephones installed in or carried aboard aircraft. Ground-based cellular telephones must
not be operated while aircraft are off the ground. When any aircraft leaves the ground, all
ground-based cellular telephones on board that aircraft must be turned off. Ground-based
cell phones that are on, even in a monitoring state, can disrupt GPS performance.
1.4
1.4.1
Technical Specifications
1B
Physical Characteristics
68B
Bezel Height
2.66 in. (67 mm)
Bezel Width
6.25 in. (159 mm)
Rack Height (Dimple-to-dimple)
2.69 in. (68 mm)
Rack Width
6.32 in. (160 mm)
Depth Behind Panel with Connectors (Measured from face of
aircraft panel to rear of connector backshells)
11.00 in. (279 mm)
GPS 400W Weight (Unit only)
4.0 lbs. (1.82 kg)
GPS 400W Weight (Installed with rack and back plate)
5.0 lbs. (2.27 kg)
GNC 420W/AW Weight (Unit only)
4.5 lbs. (2.04 kg)
GNC 420W/AW Weight (Installed with rack and back plate)
5.5 lbs. (2.49 kg)
GNS 430W/AW Weight (Unit only)
5.1 lbs. (2.31 kg)
GNS 430W/AW Weight (Installed with rack and back plate)
6.2 lbs. (2.81 kg)
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 1-3
Rev. F
1.4.2
General Specifications
69B
Operating Temperature Range
-20°C to +55°C. For more details see Environmental
Qualification Form on the Dealers Only page on
www.garmin.com. See Appendix A for part numbers.
95% non-condensing
-1,500 ft to 50,000 ft
317H
Humidity
Altitude Range
Input Power Requirements
Input Voltage Range - All Units (Main
Connector)
Input Voltage Range GNC 420W, GNS
430W (COM Connector)
Input Voltage Range GNC 420AW, GNS
430AW (COM Connector)
GPS 400W (Main Connector)
GNC 420W, GNC 420AW, (Main Connector)
GNS 430W, GNS 430AW, (Main Connector)
GNC 420W, GNS 430W (COM Connector)
GNC 420AW, GNS 430AW (COM
Connector)
Superflag Power Requirements
Environmental Testing
10 to 33.2 VDC
11 to 33 VDC
24.1 to 33 VDC
700 mA @ 28 VDC (maximum)
1.4 A @ 14 VDC (maximum)
1.2 A @ 28 VDC (maximum)
2.5 A @ 14 VDC (maximum)
1.2 A @ 28 VDC (maximum)
2.5 A @ 14 VDC (maximum)
15 mA @ 28 VDC (receive)
3.0 A @ 28 VDC (transmit)
15 mA @ 14 VDC (receive)
6.0 A @ 14 VDC (transmit)
15 mA @ 28 VDC (receive)
3.0 A @ 28 VDC (transmit)
500 mA maximum per superflag output
See Environmental Qualification Form on the Dealers
Only page on www.garmin.com. See Appendix A for
part numbers.
318H
The display on the 400W Series unit is a sunlight readable LCD display.
Display Size
Active Area
Resolution
Viewing Angle
(with a 2:1 contrast ratio, min)
Viewing Distance
Page 1-4
Rev. F
3.8” diagonal
3.29” (W) x 1.75” (H)
240 x 128 pixels
Left/Right:
40°
Up:
40°
Down:
40°
36 inches maximum
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
1.4.3
GPS Specifications
70B
Number Of Channels
Frequency
Sensitivity (Acquisition, No
Interference)
Sensitivity (Drop Lock)
Dynamic Range
Lat/Lon Position Accuracy
Velocity
TTFF (Time To First Fix)
Reacquisition
Position Update Interval
1 PPS (Pulse Per Second)
Datum
SATCOM Compatibility
15 (12 GPS and 3 GPS/WAAS/SBAS)
1575.42 MHz L1, C/A code
-134.5 dBm GPS
-135.5 dBm WAAS
-144 dBm
> 20 dB
<1.25 meter RMS horizontal, <2 meter vertical, with
WAAS
1000 knots maximum (above 60,000 ft)
1:45 min. typical with current almanac, position, and time
10 seconds typical
0.2 sec (5 Hz)
±275 Nsec of UTC second
WGS-84
SATCOM compatibility is dependent upon antenna
selection. See Section 1.4.8 for additional information.
35 mA typical, 40 mA max at 4.7 VDC
319H
Antenna Power Supply
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 1-5
Rev. F
1.4.4
COM Transceiver Specifications (GNC 420W and GNS 430W Only) **
71B
Audio Output
Audio Response
Audio Distortion
AGC Characteristics
Sensitivity
Squelch
Selectivity
Spurious Response
Modulation
Frequency Band
Transmitting Power
Transmitter Duty Cycle
Modulation Capability
Carrier Noise Level
Frequency Stability
Demodulated Audio Distortion
Sidetone
Demodulated Audio Response
100 mW minimum into a 500 Ω load.
Less than 6 dB of variation between 350 and 2500 Hz.
The distortion in the receiver audio output shall not exceed
15% at all levels up to 100 mW.
The audio output will not vary by more than 6 dB when the
level of the RF input signal, modulated 30% at 1000 Hz, is
varied from 5 μV to 450,000 μV.
(S+N)/N on all channels shall be greater than 6 dB when the
RF level is 2 μV (hard) modulated 30% at 1000 Hz at rated
audio.
2 μv ±6 dB for 25 kHz channels.
3 μv ±6 dB for 8.33 kHz channels.
6 dB BW is greater than ±8 kHz for 25 kHz channeling.
60 dB BW is less than ±25 kHz for 25 kHz channeling.
6 dB BW is greater than ±2.778 kHz for 8.33 kHz channeling.
60 dB BW is less than ±7.37 kHz for 8.33 kHz channeling.
Greater than 85 dB.
AM Double sided, Emission Designator 6K00A3E
118.00 to 136.99 MHz
25 kHz and 8.33 kHz channel spacing
GNS 420W, GNS 430W
10 watts minimum, 15 watts maximum
GNS 420AW, GNS 430W
16 watts minimum, 20 watts maximum
Recommended 10% maximum.
The modulation is not less than 70% and not greater than
98% with a standard modulator signal applied to the
transmitter.
At least 45 dB (S+N)/N.
0.0005%
Less than 10% distortion when the transmitter is modulated
at least 70%.
1.4 VRMS into a 500 Ω load when the transmitter is modulated
at least 70%.
Less than 6 dB when the audio input frequency is varied from
350 to 2500 Hz.
* C37d Class 4 & 6 may not provide suitable COM transmit range for some high-altitude aircraft.
**Specifications shown apply at nominal input voltages of 13.75 VDC or 27.5 VDC, as applicable, and
with a nominal 50 ohm resistive load at the antenna connector.
Page 1-6
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
1.4.5
VOR Specifications (GNS 430W Only)
72B
Receiver Audio Sensitivity
Course Deviation Sensitivity
Flag
AGC Characteristics
Spurious Response
VOR OBS Bearing Accuracy
Audio Output
Audio Response
Audio Distortion
1.4.6
At -103.5 dBm (S+N)/N shall not be less than 6 dB.
-103.5 dBm or less for 60% of standard deflection.
The VOR Course Deviation Flag must be flagged:
a) in the absence of an RF signal.
b) in the absence of the 9960 Hz modulation.
c) in the absence of either one of the two 30 Hz
modulations.
d) When the level of a standard VOR deviation test signal
produces less than a 50% of standard deflection.
From -99 dBm to -13 dBm input of a Standard VOR Audio
Test Signal, audio output levels shall not vary more than 3
dB.
Greater than 80 dB.
The bearing information as presented to the pilot does not
have an error in excess of 2.7° as specified by RTCA DO-196
and EuroCAE ED-22B.
A minimum 100 mW into a 500 Ω load.
Less than 6 dB of variation between 350 and 2500 Hz.
Except the 1020 Hz Ident Tone is at least 20 dB down in
voice mode.
The distortion in the receiver audio output does not exceed
10% at all levels up to 100 mW.
LOC Specifications (GNS 430W Only)
73B
Receiver Audio Sensitivity
Course Deviation Sensitivity
Flag
AGC Characteristics
Selectivity
Spurious Response
Centering Accuracy
Audio Output
Audio Response
Audio Distortion
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
At -103.5 dBm (S+N)/N shall not be less than 6 dB.
-103.5 dBm or less for 60% of standard deflection.
The LOC Course Deviation Flag must be flagged:
a) in the absence of an RF signal.
b) When either the 90 or 150 Hz modulating signals is
removed and the other is maintained at its normal 20%.
c) In the absence of both 90 and 150 Hz modulation.
d) When the level of a standard localizer deviation test
signal produces less than a 50% of standard deflection.
From -86 dBm and -33 dBm input of a Standard VOR Audio
Test Signal, audio output levels does not vary more than 3
dB.
Nose Bandwidth: The input signal level required to produce
the reference AGC voltage does not vary more than 6 dB
over the input signal frequency range of ± 9 kHz from the
assigned channel frequency.
Skirt Bandwidth: The input signal level required to produce
reference AGC voltage will be at least 70 dB greater than the
level required to produce reference AGC voltage at the
assigned channel frequency at ± 36 kHz from the assigned
channel frequency.
Greater than 80 dB.
Typical 0 ± 3 mV (Max error 9.9 mV per RTCA DO-195).
A minimum 100 mW into a 500 Ω load.
Less than 6 dB of Variation between 350 and 2500 Hz.
Except the 1020 Hz Ident Tone is at least 20 dB down in
voice mode.
The distortion in the receiver audio output does not exceed
10% at all levels up to 100 mW.
Page 1-7
Rev. F
1.4.7
Glideslope Specifications (GNS 430W Only)
74B
Sensitivity
Centering Accuracy
Selectivity
Standard deflection
Flag
Page 1-8
Rev. F
-87 dBm or less for 60% of standard deflection.
0 ± .0091 ddm or 0 ± 7.8 mV
The course deviation shall be 0 ddm ± .0091ddm when using
the Glideslope Centering Test Signal as the RF frequency is
varied ±17 kHz from the assigned channel.
At frequencies displaced by ±132 kHz or greater, the input
signal is at least 60 dB down.
a) With a standard deflection ‘FLY DOWN’ condition (90
Hz dominant), the output shall be -78 mV ± 7.8 mV.
b) With a standard deflection ‘FLY UP’ condition (150
Hz dominant), the output shall be +78 mV ± 7.8 mV.
The unit Flags:
a) When the level of a standard deviation test signal
produces 50% or less of standard deflection of the
deviation indicator.
b) In the absence of 150 Hz modulation.
c) In the absence of 90 Hz modulation.
d) In the absence of both 90 Hz and 150 Hz modulation.
e) In the absence of RF.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
1.4.8
GPS Antenna Requirements
75B
Antenna performance is critical to the GPS/WAAS operation. The antennas listed in Table 1-2 and Table
1-3 are approved for installation with the 400W Series units with specified limitations. Refer to the
following sections and tables for selection of the GPS/WAAS antenna.
320H
321H
1.4.8.1 Antennas Without IFR GPS Operational Limitations
206B
The list of TSO-C144 antennas shown in Table 1-2 allow the 400W Series models to meet TSO-C146a
requirements without the operational limitations specified in the Limitations Section 7.1.1 of this manual.
32H
32H
Table 1-2. Antennas Without IFR GPS Operational Limitations
Model / Description
Mount Style
Conn
Type
GA 35, GPS/WAAS
Screw mount,
Teardrop
footprint
[1]
TNC
GA 36, GPS/WAAS
Screw mount,
ARINC 743
TNC
GA 37, GPS/WAAS
+XM
Screw mount,
ARINC 743
TNC
TNC
Comant ,
GPS/WAAS+VHF
[3]
Comant
GPS/WAAS +VHF
[3]
Screw mount,
Teardrop
COM
Comant
GPS/WAAS
+XM+VHF [3]
Screw mount,
Teardrop
COM
TNC
BNC
[2]
TNC
BNC
[2]
TNC
TNC
BNC
[4]
Mfr
Garmin
013-00235-00
Aero
Antenna
Garmin
AT575-93GW -TNCF000-RG-27-NM
013-00244-00
AT575-126GWTNCF-000-RG-27NM
013-00245-00
AT2300-126GWTNCF-000-RG-27NM
Aero
Antenna
Garmin
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
Screw mount,
Teardrop
Part Number
Aero
Antenna
Garmin Order
Additional
Number
Requirements
013-00235-00
013-00235-00
013-00244-00
013-00244-00
013-00245-00
013-00245-00
Comant
CI-2580-200
N/A
Comant
CI-2728-200
N/A
Comant
CI-2728-410
N/A
Must have
GPS software
V3.0 or later.
Same mounting hole pattern as GA 56, but GA 35 antenna has a physically larger footprint.
The GPS/WAAS connector is a TNC type. The VHF connector is a BNC type.
Installation of this antenna is not covered by the Garmin GA Antenna AML STC SA01695SE.
The GPS/WAAS connector is a TNC type. The XM connector is a TNC type. The VHF connector is
a BNC type.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 1-9
Rev. F
1.4.8.2 Antennas With IFR GPS Operational Limitations
207B
The list of TSO-C144 antennas shown in Table 1-3 allow the 400W Series models to meet TSO-C146a
requirements with the operational limitations specified in the Limitations Section 7.1.1 of this manual.
Table 1-3. Antennas With IFR GPS Operational Limitations
324H
325H
Model / Description
GA 56A,
GPS/WAAS
Antenna [3]
GA 56W,
GPS/WAAS
Antenna [3]
GA 57, GPS/WAAS
and FIS Antenna [3]
Mount Style
Screw Mount,
ARINC 743
Footprint
Stud Mount ,
Teardrop
Footprint [1]
Screw Mount,
ARINC 743
Footprint
Conn
Type
Mfr
Part Number
BNC
Garmin
011-01154-00
010-10599-00
BNC
Garmin
011-01111-00
010-10561-01
BNC
TNC
[4]
Garmin
011-01032-00
010-10604-00
A33, GPS/WAAS
Antenna
Screw Mount
TNC
A34, GPS/WAAS
Antenna
Screw Mount,
Teardrop
Footprint [2]
TNC
Garmin Order
Number
Additional
Requirements
Operational
limitations in
Section 7.1.1
of this manual
apply.
326H
Garmin AT
Aero
Antenna
590-1104
AT575-9UW -TNCF000-05-26-NM
Garmin AT
590-1112
013-00113-00
AT575-93W-TNCF000-05-26-NM
013-00113-00
Aero
Antenna
N/A
N/A
[1] Same footprint and mounting hole pattern as GA 56.
[2] Same mounting hole pattern as GA 56, but A34 antenna has a physically larger footprint.
[3] Antenna is not compatible with SATCOM. An alternate antenna should be used for installations
equipped with SATCOM.
[4] The GPS/WAAS antenna connector is a BNC type. The XM antenna connector is a TNC type.
Page 1-10
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
1.5
License Requirements
12B
The Telecommunications Act of 1996, effective February 8, 1996, provides the FCC discretion to
eliminate radio station license requirements for aircraft and ships. The GNC 420W, GNC 420AW, GNS
430W and GNS 430AW installations must comply with current transmitter licensing requirements. In the
US, to find out the specific details on whether a particular installation is exempt from licensing, please
visit the FCC web site http://wireless.fcc.gov/aviation. If an aircraft license is required, make application
for a license on FCC form 404, Application for Aircraft Radio Station License. The FCC also has a faxon-demand service to provide forms by fax. Outside the US, contact the responsible telecommunication
authority. The GNC 420W, GNC 420AW, GNS 430W and GNS 430AW owner accepts all responsibility
for obtaining the proper licensing before using the transceiver. The maximum transmitting power,
modulation identification, and frequency band information may be required for licensing and are detailed
in Section 1.4.4.
12H
CAUTION
THE VHF TRANSMITTER IN THIS EQUIPMENT IS GUARANTEED TO MEET
FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION ACCEPTANCE OVER THE
OPERATING TEMPERATURE RANGE. MODIFICATIONS NOT EXPRESSLY
APPROVED BY GARMIN COULD INVALIDATE THE LICENSE AND MAKE IT
UNLAWFUL TO OPERATE THE EQUIPMENT.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 1-11
Rev. F
1.6
Regulatory Compliance
TSO Authorization and Advisory Circular Reference
1.6.1
13B
76B
The conditions and tests required for TSO approval of this article are minimum performance standards. It
is the responsibility of those installing this article either on or within a specific type or class of aircraft to
determine that the aircraft installation conditions are within the TSO standards. TSO articles must have
separate approval for installation in an aircraft. The article may be installed only in compliance with 14
CFR part 43 or the applicable airworthiness requirements.
For aircraft on the AML for 400W/500W Series STC SA01933LA, the TSO design approval has been
determined to be adequate by the STC, which constitutes the separate installation design approval.
Table 1-4. TSO Authorization
TSO
Minimum Performance Standard
GNS
430AW
Function
GNS 430W
GNC
420AW
GPS 400W
GNC 420W
Models
●
●
ILS Glideslope
TSO-C34e
RTCA/DO-192
●
●
ILS Localizer
TSO-C36e
RTCA/DO-195
●
●
●
●
VHF COM Transmitter
100nm range
TSO-C37d
RTCA/DO-186A
Class 4 & 6 for GNC 420W, GNS
430W
Class 3 & 5 for GNC 420AW, GNS
430AW
●
●
●
●
VHF COM Receiver
TSO-C38d
RTCA/DO-186A
Class C & E
●
●
VOR Receiver
TSO-C40c
RTCA/DO-196
●
●
●
●
●
Multipurpose Display
TSO-C113
SAE AS 8034
●
●
●
●
●
GPS WAAS
TSO-C146a
RTCA/DO-229C
Class 3
•
AC 20-67B, Airborne VHF Communications Equipment Installations
•
AC43.13-1B, Acceptable Methods, Techniques and Practices - Aircraft Inspection and Repair
•
AC43.13-2A, Acceptable Methods, Techniques and Practices - Aircraft Alterations
Page 1-12
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
System Function
Operating System
GPS Navigation Information
VOR Information
LOC/Glideslope Information
VHF Communication
Display of altitude, heading, course, speed, and track
Display of other information - moving map, terrain, flight plan overlay & flight mode,
TAS/TIS traffic information, XM Weather data, data from passive lightning detection
equipment, checklist & timer
Terrain
DO-178B Level
B
B
C
C
C
C
D
D
NOTE
Unauthorized changes or modifications to any 400W Series product may void the
compliance to required regulations and authorization for continued equipment usage. All
400W Series unit functions are design approved under the TSO. Airworthiness approval
for installation and operational use is recognized under AML STC SA01933LA. If
additional information (drawing lists and software documentation) is required to
substantiate aircraft installation or operational approval, contact Garmin Customer
Support for assistance. Garmin does not provide design or certification documentation,
including software data, other than to certification authorities.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 1-13
Rev. F
1.6.2
TSO Deviations
7B
TSO
TSO-C34e
TSO-C36e
TSO-C37d
TSO-C38d
TSO-C40c
TSO-C113
TSO-C146a
Page 1-14
Rev. F
Deviation
1. Garmin was granted a deviation from TSO-C34e to use RTCA/DO-178B minimum software level C instead
of RTCA/DO-178A level 2 to demonstrate compliance for the verification and validation of the computer
software.
2. Garmin was granted a deviation from TSO-C34e to use RTCA/DO-160C instead of RTCA/DO-160B as the
standard for Environmental Conditions and Test Procedures of Airborne Equipment.
1. Garmin was granted a deviation from TSO-C36e to use RTCA/DO-178B minimum software level C instead
of RTCA/DO-178A level 2 to demonstrate compliance for the verification and validation of the computer
software.
2. Garmin was granted a deviation from TSO-C36e to use RTCA/DO-160C instead of RTCA/DO-160B as the
standard for Environmental Conditions and Test Procedures of Airborne Equipment.
1. Garmin was granted a deviation from TSO-C37d to use RTCA/DO-178B instead of RTCA/DO-178A to
demonstrate compliance for the verification and validation of the computer software.
2. Garmin was granted a deviation from TSO-C37d paragraph (a)(1) to allow using RTCA /DO-186A instead of
RTCA/DO-186 to specify minimum performance standards.
3. Garmin was granted a deviation from TSO-C37d to allow a 6dB reduction of transmitter power during the
Normal Operating Conditions – Emergency Operation Voltage as described in RTCA/DO-186A paragraph
2.5.13.1 and RTCA/DO-160C paragraph 16.5.2.1.
4. Garmin was granted a deviation from TSO-C37d paragraph (a)(5) to allow 8.33 kHz channel spacing in
addition to the 25 kHz spacing.
5. Garmin was granted a deviation from TSO-C37d paragraph (b)(1) to allow marking to call our 8.33 kHz
channel spacing in addition to the 25 kHz spacing.
1. Garmin was granted a deviation from TSO-C38d to use RTCA/DO-178B instead of RTCA/DO-178A to
demonstrate compliance for the verification and validation of the computer software.
2. Garmin was granted a deviation from TSO-C38d paragraph (a)(1) to allow using RTCA /DO-186A instead of
RTCA/DO-186 to specify minimum performance standards.
3. Garmin was granted a deviation from TSO-C38d paragraph (a)(5) to allow 8.33 kHz channel spacing in
addition to the 25 kHz spacing.
1. Garmin was granted a deviation from TSO-C40c to use RTCA/DO-178B instead of RTCA/DO-178A to
demonstrate compliance for the verification and validation of the computer software.
2. Garmin was granted a deviation from TSO-C40c to use RTCA/DO-160C instead of RTCA/DO-160B as the
standard for Environmental Conditions and Test Procedures for Airborne Equipment.
1. Garmin was granted a deviation from TSO-C113 section 2.1.2 (4) to use RTCA/DO-178B instead of
RTCA/DO-178A to demonstrate compliance for the verification and validation of the computer software.
2. Garmin was granted a deviation from TSO-C113 section 2.1.2 (3) to use RTCA/DO-160D instead of
RTCA/DO-160B as the standard for Environmental Conditions and Test Procedures for Airborne Equipment.
1. Garmin was granted a deviation from TSO-C146a for the requirement to use as a specific “NAV” labeled key.
RTCA/DO-229c Table 2-5 lists the function “Access to primary navigation display (Section 2.2.1.4.1)” with a
label “NAV”.
2. Garmin was granted a deviation from TSO-C146a not to implement RTCA/DO-229C paragraph 2.2.3.2.2
which states “The equipment shall allow the pilot to initiate the missed approach with manual action. It shall be
possible to take this action before crossing the MAWP, in which case the equipment shall automatically initiate
the missed approach procedure at the MAWP.”
3. Garmin was granted a deviation from TSO-C146a not to implement RTCA/DO-229C paragraph 2.2.4.2.3
which states “If the aircraft is past the FPAP – (length offset), and the pilot has not already activated the missed
approach, the receiver shall automatically transition to missed approach guidance.” This requirement is being
eliminated in DO-229D.
4. Garmin was granted a deviation from TSO-C146a from RTCA/DO-229C paragraphs 2.2.4.6.4 and 2.2.5.6.4
not to use the low altitude alerting function when the 400W series unit has TERRAIN enabled and is not in one
of the following states: FAIL, N/A, TEST, or INHIBIT. When TERRAIN is not enabled, or when enabled but the
current state is FAIL, N/A, TEST, or INHIBIT, the low altitude alert described in DO-229C 2.2.4.6.4 and
2.2.5.6.4 is used.
5. Garmin was granted a deviation from TSO-C146a not to implement RTCA/DO-229C paragraph 2.2.1.4.9.c
which states “BRG to or from a VOR: The bearing is based on the true-to-magnetic conversion at the waypoint
location, using the same magnetic conversion as used to define the path.” Instead, the “user” (current) location
will be used. The RTCA/DO-229C paragraph 2.2.1.4.9.c requirement is being eliminated in DO-229D.
6. Garmin was granted a deviation from TSO-C146a paragraph 4.b. which defines “each separate component
that is easily removable (without hand tools), each interchangeable element, and each separate subassembly
of the article that the manufacturer determines may be interchangeable must be permanently and legibly
marked with at least the name of the manufacturer, manufacturer’s subassembly part number, and the TSO
number.”
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
TSO
C146a
cont’d
Deviation
7. Garmin was granted a deviation from TSO-C146a from RTCA/DO-229C paragraphs 2.1.1.10, 2.1.1.7,
2.1.1.8.1, 2.1.1.8.2, 2.1.1.9, 2.1.2.1, 2.1.3.1, 2.1.4.1.4, 2.1.4.1.5 and 2.1.5.1 in the form of an operational
limitation to achieve an equivalent level of safety. The operational limitation is based on:
a. The ability to use antennas that may not meet the minimum gain performance requirements of DO-228.
b. The ability to mitigate the effects of the different gain characteristics of those antennas by increasing the
effective mask angle through operational limitations.
c. The ability to further increase the effective mask angle, through operational limitations, to a level
commensurate with test conditions used in the original TSO qualification tests.
d. The ability to use -128 dBmic as the minimum GPS satellite signal-in-space for the purpose of assessing
the operational limitation.
e. The ability to use -128 dBmic as the minimum SBAS satellite signal-in-space for the purpose of
assessing the operational limitation. NOTE 1
8. Garmin was granted a deviation from TSO-C146a paragraph 2.1.1.9 to use 20 seconds (instead of 10
seconds) to reacquire a dropped satellite under the conditions described in the paragraph. The 20 second
period is the time period specified by the newer DO-229D. NOTE 1
Note 1: No. 7 deviation is applicable with GPS software version 2.X or installations with an antenna listed in section
1.4.8.2.No. 8 deviation is applicable with GPS software version 3.0 or newer.
327H
1.6.3
ETSO Authorization
78B
Table 1-5. ETSO Authorization
ETSO
Minimum Performance Standard
GNS 430AW
Function
GNS 430W
GNC 420AW
GNC 420W
GPS 400W
Models
●
●
ILS Glideslope
ETSO-2C34f
EUROCAE ED-47B
●
●
ILS Localizer
ETSO-2C36f
EUROCAE ED-46B
●
●
●
●
VHF COM Transmitter
ETSO-2C37e
EUROCAE ED-23B
Class 4 & 6 for GNC 420W, GNS 430W
Class 3 & 5 for GNC 420AW, GNS
430AW
●
●
●
●
VHF COM Receiver
ETSO-2C38e
EUROCAE ED-23B
Class C & E
●
●
VOR Receiver
ETSO-2C40c
EUROCAE ED-22B
●
●
●
●
●
Multipurpose Display
ETSO-C113
SAE AS 8034
●
●
●
●
●
GPS WAAS
ETSO-C146
RTCA/DO-229C
Class 3
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 1-15
Rev. F
1.6.4
ETSO Deviations
79B
The GNS 400W Series meets the requirements of the listed ETSOs with the following deviations.
ETSO
Deviation
ETSO-2C34f
Garmin was granted a deviation from ETSO-2C34f to use RTCA/DO-160C instead of RTCA/DO-160D.
ETSO-2C36f
Garmin was granted a deviation from ETSO-2C36f to use RTCA/DO-160C instead of RTCA/DO-160D.
ETSO-2C37e
Garmin was granted a deviation from ETSO-2C37e to use RTCA/DO-160C instead of RTCA/DO-160D.
ETSO-2C38e
Garmin was granted a deviation from ETSO-2C38e to use RTCA/DO-160C instead of RTCA/DO-160D.
ETSO-2C40c
Garmin was granted a deviation from ETSO-2C40c to use RTCA/DO-160C instead of RTCA/DO-160D.
ETSO-C113
Garmin was granted a deviation from ETSO-C113 to use RTCA/DO-160C instead of RTCA/DO-160D.
ETSO-C146
1. Garmin was granted a deviation from ETSO-C146 to use RTCA/DO-160C instead of RTCA/DO-160D.
2. Garmin was granted a deviation from ETSO-C146 to use RTCA/DO-229C instead of RTCA/DO-229B for
minimum operating specifications.
3. Garmin was granted a deviation from RTCA/DO-229C for the requirement to use as a specific “NAV”
labeled key. RTCA/DO-229C Table 2-5 lists the function “Access to primary navigation display (Section
2.2.1.4.1)” with a label “NAV”.
4. Garmin was granted a deviation from RTCA/DO-229C not to implement paragraph 2.2.3.2.2 which
states “The equipment shall allow the pilot to initiate the missed approach with manual action. It shall be
possible to take this action before crossing the MAWP (Missed Approach Waypoint), in which case the
equipment shall automatically initiate the missed approach procedure at the MAWP.”
5. Garmin was granted a deviation from RTCA/DO-229C not to implement paragraph 2.2.4.2.3 which
states “If the aircraft is past the FPAP – (length offset), and the pilot has not already activated the missed
approach, the receiver shall automatically transition to missed approach guidance.”
6. Garmin was granted a deviation from RTCA/DO-229C paragraphs 2.2.4.6.4 and 2.2.5.6.4 not to use the
low altitude alerting function when the GNS 400W Series unit has TERRAIN enabled and is not in one of
the following states: FAIL, N/A, TEST, or INHIBIT. When TERRAIN is not enabled, or when it is enabled
but the current state is FAIL, N/A, TEST, or INHIBIT, the low altitude alert described in DO-229C 2.2.4.6.4
and 2.2.5.6.4 is used.
7. Garmin was granted a deviation from RTCA/DO-229C not to implement paragraph 2.2.1.4.9.c which
states “BRG to or from a VOR: The bearing is based on the true-to-magnetic conversion at the waypoint
location, using the same magnetic conversion as used to define the path.” Instead, the “user” (current)
location will be used.
8. Garmin was granted a deviation from RTCA/DO-229C paragraph 2.1.1.9 to allow the unit up to 20
seconds (instead of 10 seconds) to reacquire a dropped satellite under the conditions described in the
paragraph.
1.6.5
FCC Grant of Equipment Authorization
80B
Model
GNC 420W, GNS 430W
FCC ID
IPH-0021400 (VHF COM Transceiver)
GNC 420AW, GNS 430AW
IPH-0061100 (VHF)
Page 1-16
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
1.7
Database Options and Updates
14B
Aviation Database
1.7.1
81B
The aviation database resides on a database card that is inserted in the left card slot on the unit front
panel.
The database is generated on periodic cycles from current Jeppesen data and converted to the format used
by the 400W Series unit products. The data conversion process is performed using software that is
developed and maintained under Garmin document control processes according to RTCA/DO-200A,
Standards for Processing Aeronautical Data.
The database can be updated by purchasing a database subscription from Jeppesen. The database updates
include either replacing or re-programming the database card and inserting the updated card in the left
card slot on the unit front panel. Contact Jeppesen at 800-621-5377 or www.jeppesen.com for more
information and instructions.
Contact Garmin for more information on databases available for the 400W Series unit.
1.7.2
Terrain Database
82B
The Terrain database resides on a database card that is inserted in the right card slot on the unit front
panel.
The Terrain database, which serves the standard configured 400W Series unit providing Terrain
functionality, is available for updating on periodic cycles and is available from Garmin. Terrain database
updates can be accomplished by replacing or reprogramming the database card and inserting the updated
card in the right card slot on the unit front panel. The Terrain database can be downloaded via the internet
and the card programmed using a USB programmer available from Garmin. Contact Garmin at 800-8001020 or www.garmin.com for more information or instructions.
1.8
Fault Detection and Exclusion (FDE)
15B
The 400W Series unit, when installed as defined in this manual, complies with the requirements for GPS
primary means navigation in oceanic and remote airspace when used in conjunction with the FDE
Prediction program included with the GNS 400W/500W Series Trainer CD.
The 400W Series unit includes fault detection and exclusion (FDE), which is active for all flight phases
including oceanic and remote operations, en route and terminal, and precision and non-precision
approaches, and does not require any pilot interaction. The FDE consists of two parts:
1. The fault detection function detects a satellite failure that can affect navigation; and
2. The exclusion function is the capability to exclude one or more failed satellites and prevent them
from affecting navigation.
The FDE Prediction program, included with the GNS 400W/500W Series Trainer CD, is used to predict
FDE availability. The FDE Prediction program must be used prior to oceanic or remote area flights for all
operators using the 400W Series unit as primary means navigation under FAR parts 91, 121, 125, and
135.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 1-17
Rev. F
1.9
Limited Warranty
16B
This Garmin product is warranted to be free from defects in materials or workmanship for two years from
the date of purchase. For WAAS upgrade of this product, the warranty is separate and described in the
service record or statement.
Products bought through online auctions are not eligible for rebates or other special offers from Garmin.
Online auction confirmations are not acceptable for warranty verification. To obtain warranty service, an
original or copy of the sales receipt from the original retailer is required. Garmin will not replace missing
components from any package purchased through an online auction.
Within a warranty period, Garmin will, at its sole option, repair or replace any components that fail in
normal use. Such repairs or replacement will be made at no charge to the customer for parts or labor,
provided that the customer is responsible for any transportation cost. This warranty does not cover
failures due to abuse, misuse, accident or unauthorized alteration or repairs. SUCH REMEDY SHALL
BE YOUR SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY FOR ANY BREACH OF WARRANTY
THE WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES CONTAINED HEREIN ARE EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF
ALL OTHER WARRANTIES EXPRESS OR IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING ANY
LIABILITY ARISING UNDER ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE. THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU
SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, WHICH MAY VARY FROM STATE TO STATE.
IN NO EVENT SHALL GARMIN BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, WHETHER RESULTING FROM THE USE, MISUSE, OR
INABILITY TO USE THIS PRODUCT OR FROM DEFECTS IN THE PRODUCT. Some states do not
allow the exclusion of incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitations may not apply to
you.
To obtain warranty service, contact your local Garmin Authorized Service Center. For assistance in
locating a Service Center near you, call Garmin Customer Service at one of the numbers shown below.
Garmin International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street
Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A.
Phone: 913/397.8200
FAX:
913/397.0836
Page 1-18
Rev. F
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
Liberty House
Bull Copse Road
Hounsdown Business Park
Southampton, SO40 9RB, UK
Telephone: 44(0) 8708501241
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
2. INSTALLATION OVERVIEW
1B
Introduction
2.1
17B
Always follow acceptable avionics installation practices per AC 43.13-1B, AC 43.13-2A, or later FAA
approved revisions of these documents. The GPS/WAAS installation instructions have been prepared to
meet the guidance material contained in AC 20-138A “Airworthiness Approval of Global Navigation
Satellite System (GNSS) Equipment”. The communications installation instructions have been prepared
to meet the guidance material defined by AC 20-67B, “Airborne VHF Communications Equipment
Installations”. Follow the installation procedure in this section, as it is presented, to accomplish a
successful installation. Read the entire section before beginning the work.
Prior to installation, consider the structural integrity of the 400W Series installation as defined in AC
43.13-2A, Chapter 1. Complete an electrical load analysis in accordance with AC 43.13-1B, Chapter 11,
on the aircraft prior to starting modification to ensure aircraft has the ability to carry the 400W Series
load. Refer to Section 3.12 to calculate the total power consumption of each 400W Series mode of
operation. Document the results of the electrical load analysis on the FAA Form 337.
328H
Once the installation is complete, perform the post installation checkout before closing the work area in
case problems occur.
2.2
Minimum System Configuration
18B
2.2.1
VFR Installation
83B
The minimum 400W Series unit installation requires the following items for a VFR Installation:
•
GNS 400W Series unit (installed in the aircraft manufacturer approved location for 6.25 inch
wide avionics equipment).
•
GPS antenna is required for GPS navigation functions.
•
An external CDI is required for installations using VOR navigation and glideslope information.
•
A NAV antenna is required for VHF NAV functions.
• A COM antenna is required for COM functions.
VFR installations must be placarded “GPS LIMITED TO VFR USE ONLY” in clear view of the pilot.
2.2.2
IFR GPS Installation
84B
In order for the 400W Series unit to be utilized for IFR GPS Navigation, the criteria in Section 2.2.1 must
be met in addition to the following:
329H
•
An External CDI/HSI indicator must be installed in the pilot’s primary field-of-view (or in the
aircraft manufacturer approved mounting location). The indicator must have a vertical deviation
indicator (GS) in order to perform VNAV operations / approaches.
•
Any annunciation required for Source Selection or IFR GPS Navigation must meet the acceptable
field-of-view requirements as noted in Section 2.5.1.
30H
NOTE
To take full advantage of the 400W Series unit capabilities, an optional barometric
altitude source is recommended for automatic sequencing of fix-to-altitude (FA) and
hold-to-altitude (HA) leg types. If no barometric altitude data is provided to the 400W
Series unit, FA and HA legs must be manually sequenced.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 2-1
Rev. F
2.2.3
IFR VOR/LOC/GS Installation
85B
The minimum GNS 430W installation requires the following items for an IFR VOR/LOC/GS Installation:
•
GNS 430W (installed in the aircraft manufacturer approved location)
•
GPS antenna, VOR/LOC antenna, glideslope antenna, and COM antenna.
•
An External CDI/HSI indicator must be installed in the pilot’s primary field-of-view (or in the
aircraft manufacturer approved mounting location). The indicator must have a vertical deviation
indicator for glideslope and VNAV operations/approaches.
•
Any annunciation required for Source Selection or IFR GPS Navigation must meet the acceptable
field-of-view requirements as noted in Section 2.5.1.
31H
2.3
External Sensors
19B
When the 400W Series unit is installed with external sensors, these sensors must be installed in
accordance with the manufacturer's data. This manual does not provide information for the installation of
specific external sensors.
The 400W Series unit can accept data from multiple altitude, heading, and baro correction sources. If
multiple sources are used, the 400W Series unit will accept data as described below.
NOTE
Barometric altitude is not required by the 400W Series unit to meet the requirements of
TSO C146a.
2.3.1
Multiple Uncorrected Pressure Altitude Sources
86B
The 400W Series can accept altitude from a Gray code or RS-232 altitude encoder, fuel/air data computer
(FADC), ARINC 429 air data computer (ADC), ARINC 429 EFIS, and ARINC 429 traffic advisory
system.
If multiple sources of altitude data are supplied to the 400W Series unit, only valid data from the highest
priority source is used (input priority cannot be configured). If the highest priority source becomes
unavailable, data is taken from the next-highest priority source. The priorities of the altitude sources are
as follows (from highest to lowest):
1. ARINC 429 ADC
2. ARINC 429 EFIS
3. ARINC 429 traffic advisory system
4. RS-232 FADC
5. RS-232 Altitude Encoder
6. Parallel Altitude Encoder (Gray code)
2.3.2
Multiple Baro-Corrected Altitude Sources
87B
The 400W Series can accept baro-corrected altitude from an ARINC 429 ADC, ARINC 429 EFIS,
RS-232 FADC, and GTX 33/330 transponder.
If multiple sources of baro-corrected altitude data are supplied to the 400W Series unit, only valid data
from the highest priority source is used. If the highest priority source becomes unavailable, data is taken
from the next-highest priority source. The priorities of the baro-corrected altitude sources are as follows
(from highest to lowest):
1. ARINC 429 ADC
2. ARINC 429 EFIS
Page 2-2
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
3. ARINC 429 from GTX 33/330
4. RS-232 FADC
2.3.3
Multiple Heading Sources
8B
The 400W Series can accept heading data from an ARINC 429 INS/IRU, ARINC 429 EFIS, GAD 42,
EHSI, GTX 33/330 transponder, ARINC 429 traffic advisory system, RS-232 FADC, and RS-232
WX-500 Stormscope®.
If multiple sources of heading data are supplied to the 400W Series unit, only valid data from the highest
priority source is used – preference is given to true heading (ARINC 429 label 314) if both true heading
(label 314) and magnetic heading (label 320) are received. If the highest priority source becomes
unavailable, data is taken from the next-highest priority source. The priorities of the heading sources are
as follows (from highest to lowest):
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
2.4
ARINC 429 INS/IRU
ARINC 429 EFIS
ARINC 429 from GAD 42
ARINC 429 from Sandel EHSI
ARINC 429 from GTX 33/330
ARINC 429 traffic advisory system
RS-232 FADC
RS-232 WX-500 Stormscope
Antenna Considerations
20B
This section contains mounting location considerations for the antennas required for the 400W Series
units.
The GPS 400W requires a GPS/WAAS antenna, the GNC 420W/420AW requires a GPS/WAAS and
COM antenna, and the GNS 430W and GNS 430AW require four antennas: a GPS/WAAS antenna, a
COM antenna, a NAV antenna, and a Glideslope antenna. Structural substantiation for mounting of
antennas is beyond the scope of the 400W Series unit STC. For mounting the GPS/WAAS antenna, refer
to Garmin GA Antenna AML STC SA01695SE or other FAA approved data. For mounting the COM,
NAV, and Glideslope antennas, refer to the aircraft manufacturer’s data.
2.4.1
GPS Antenna Location
89B
The GPS antenna is a key element in the overall system performance and integrity for a GPS/WAAS
navigation system. The mounting location, geometry, and surroundings of the antenna can affect the
system performance and/or availability. The following guidance provides information to aid the installer
in ensuring that the most optimum location is selected for the installation of the GPS antenna. The
installation guidelines presented here meet the intent of AC 20-138A section 16. The greater the variance
from these guidelines, the greater the chance of decreased availability. Approach procedures with vertical
guidance are the most sensitive to these effects. LNAV only approaches, terminal operations, and enroute
operations may also be affected. Because meeting all of these installations guidelines may not be possible
on all aircraft, these guidelines are listed in order of importance to achieve optimum performance. Items 3
below are of equal importance and their significance may depend on the aircraft installation. The installer
should use their best judgment to balance the installation guidelines.
1.
Mount the antenna as close to level as possible with respect to the normal cruise flight
attitude of the aircraft. If the normal flight attitude is not known, substitute the waterline,
which is typically referenced as level while performing a weight and balance check.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 2-3
Rev. F
2.
The GPS antenna should be mounted in a location to minimize the effects of airframe
shadowing during typical maneuvers. Typically mounting farther away from the tail
section reduces signal blockage seen by the GPS antenna.
3a.
The GPS antenna should be mounted no closer than two feet from any VHF COM antenna
or any other antenna which may emit harmonic interference at the L1 frequency of 1575.42
MHz. An aircraft EMC check (reference VHF COM interference check in Post Installation
Checkout procedures) can verify the degradation of GPS in the presence of interference
signals. If an EMC check reveals unacceptable interference, insert a GPS notch filter in line
with the offending VHF COM or the (re-radiating) ELT transmitter.
Note: When mounting a combination antenna (ex. GPS and COM, GPS and XM), the
recommended distance of two feet or more is not applicable to the distance between the
antenna elements provided the combination antenna is TSO authorized and has been tested
to meet Garmin’s minimum performance standards.
3b.
The GPS antenna should be mounted no closer than two feet from any antennas emitting
more than 25 watts of power. An aircraft EMC check can verify the degradation of GPS in
the presence of interference signals.
3c.
To minimize the effects of shadowing at 5° elevation angles, the GPS antenna should be
mounted no closer than 6 inches (edge to edge) from other antennas, including passive
antennas such as another GPS antenna or XM antenna.
4.
To maintain a constant gain pattern and limit degradation by the windscreen, avoid
mounting the antenna closer than 3 inches from the windscreen.
5.
For multiple GPS installations, the antennas should not be mounted in a straight line from
the front to the rear of the fuselage. Also varying the mounting location will help minimize
any aircraft shading by the wings or tail section (in a particular azimuth, when one antenna
is blocked the other antenna may have a clear view).
Figure 2-1 shows the recommended placement of antennas.
32H
2.4.2
COM Antenna Location
90B
The GNC 420W/GNS 430W COM antenna should be well removed from all projections, engines and
propellers. The ground plane surface directly below the antenna should be a flat plane over as large an
area as possible (18 inches square, minimum). The antenna should be mounted a minimum of six feet
from any DME or other COM antennas, four feet from any ADF sense antennas, and two feet from the
400W Series and its GPS antenna. The COM antenna should also be mounted as far apart as practical
from the ELT antenna. Some ELTs have exhibited re-radiation problems generating harmonics that may
interfere with GPS signals. This can happen when the COM (400W Series or any other COM) is
transmitting on certain frequencies such as 121.15 or 121.175 MHz, which may cause the ELT output
circuit to oscillate from the signal coming in on the ELT antenna coax.
If simultaneous use of two COM transceivers is desired (Split-COM or simul-comm), use of the TX
interlock function is mandatory. In addition, the COM antennas should be spaced for maximum isolation.
A configuration of one topside antenna and one bottom side antenna is recommended.
Page 2-4
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Figure 2-1. GPS Antenna Installation Considerations
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 2-5
Rev. F
2.4.3
VOR/LOC Antenna Location
91B
The GNS 430W VOR/LOC antenna should be well removed from all projections, engines and propellers.
It should have a clear line of sight if possible. The antenna must be mounted along the centerline of the
aircraft, minimizing the lateral offset.
2.4.4
Glideslope Antenna Location
92B
The GNS 430W Glideslope antenna should be well removed from all projections, engines and propellers.
It should have a clear line of sight if possible.
2.4.5
Electrical Bonding
93B
No special precautions need to be taken to provide a bonding path between the GPS antenna and the
aircraft structure. Follow the manufacturers’ instructions for the COM, VOR/LOC and Glideslope
antennas.
2.4.6
Interference of GPS
94B
On some installations, VHF COM transceivers, Emergency Locator Transmitter (ELT) antennas, and
Direction Finder (DF) receiver antennas can re-radiate through the GPS antenna. The 400W Series COM
does not interfere with its own GPS section. However, placement of the GPS antenna relative to a COM
transceiver and COM antenna (including the GNC 420W or GNS 430W COM antenna), ELT antenna,
and DF receiver antenna is critical.
Use the following guidelines, in addition to others in this document, when locating the 400W Series unit
and its antennas.
•
GPS Antenna—Locate as far as possible from all COM antennas and all COM transceivers
(including the 400W Series COM), ELT antennas, and DF receiver antennas. The GPS
antenna is less susceptible to harmonic interference if a 1.57542 GHz notch filter is installed on
the COM transceiver antenna output.
•
Locate the 400W Series unit as far as possible from all COM antennas.
If a COM antenna is found to be the problem, a 1.57542 GHz notch filter (Garmin P/N 330-00067-00)
may be installed in the VHF COM coax, as close to the COM as possible. This filter is not required for
the GNC 420W and GNS 430W transmitters.
If a COM is found to be radiating, the following can be done:
1. Replace or clean the VHF COM rack connector to ensure good coax ground.
2. Place grounding straps between the 400W Series unit, VHF COM and a good ground.
3. Shield the VHF COM wiring harness.
2.4.7
COM, VOR/LOC, and Glideslope Antenna Installation Instructions
95B
Install the COM, VOR/LOC, and Glideslope antennas according to the manufacturer’s recommendations.
Avoid running other wires and coaxial cables near the VOR/LOC antenna cable.
Page 2-6
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
2.5
Mounting Considerations
21B
The 400W Series unit is designed to mount in the avionics stack in the aircraft instrument panel within
view and reach of the pilot. The primary unit location should minimize pilot head movement when
transitioning between looking outside of the cockpit and viewing/operating the 400W Series unit. The
location should be such that the 400W Series unit is not blocked by the glare shield on top, or by the
throttles, control yoke, etc. on the bottom.
For VFR-only installations, the 400W Series unit must be mounted in the aircraft manufacturer’s
approved location or other FAA approved location (see Figure 2-2). No CDI/HSI interface is required but
if provided, proper source selection annunciation must be used.
3H
In accordance with AC 20-138A, for IFR GPS installations the 400W Series unit must be mounted in the
aircraft manufacturer’s approved location or other FAA approved location, and the required CDI/HSI
must be mounted in the primary field of view. CDI/HSI navigation source selection annunciation must be
on or near the affected display and any additional annunciations must be mounted within the normal fieldof-view.
An FAA issue paper was written to clarify the TSO-C146a annunciation requirement of “on or near the
affected display”. This issue paper said, in order to preclude the need for external source selection
annunciations (i.e. using the annunciation within the 400W Series unit), the source selection annunciation
displayed on the 400W Series unit must be within 13.856 inches of pilot view centerline. If the CDI is to
the left or right of centerline, it must favor the same side as the 400W Series unit placement (i.e. typically
the radio stack is on the right of the pilot’s view centerline, so the CDI should be on the right side of the
basic primary flight instruments). A CDI/HSI with a built-in annunciation may also be used in lieu of a
separate external annunciator to satisfy the source selection annunciation requirement. In addition, any
required GPS navigation annunciations must be within 16.805 inches of the pilot view centerline. If the
400W Series unit display is within this area, then no external GPS navigation annunciations are required.
The 400W Series unit, as a redundant or secondary TSO-C146a certified navigation device, may be
installed outside the acceptable view parameters if the unit is used as a backup system. Example: To the
right of a center radio stack, when two columns of avionics are available. This places the unit too far from
the pilot’s normal scan. As such, IFR flights may not originate or be predicated on this unit unless the
primary system has failed.
2.5.1
Determination of Acceptable Field-of-View
96B
The FAA has determined that the acceptable field-of-view for TSO C146a annunciations related to
navigation source selection is approximately ±30° horizontally from the center of the attitude indicator (or
centerline of the pilot’s seat/yoke), and that the acceptable field-of-view for TSO C146a annunciations
related to GPS navigation data is approximately ±35° horizontally from the center of the attitude
indicator. These angles are based on the closest panel distance of 24 inches resulting in a measured offset
from the attitude indicator of 13.856 inches and 16.805 inches respectively.
The acceptable vertical field-of-view includes the area from the top of the instrument panel to the portion
of the instrument panel that is immediately below the basic ‘T’ instruments. An example of the viewing
area based on the attitude indicator in an aircraft with basic “T” instruments is depicted in Figure 2-2.
34H
For an IFR-approved GPS installation, the 400W Series unit must be located within the ±35° horizontal
acceptable field-of-view or source selection and GPS annunciations are required to be installed. If the
400W Series unit is installed between ±30° and ±35°, at a minimum, source selection annunciation must
be installed. See Figure 2-3.
35H
2.5.1.1
Source Selection Annunciation
208B
Use the steps below to determine whether or not the integrated source selection annunciation displayed on
the 400W Series unit to be installed is within the acceptable field-of-view (see Figure 2-2):
36H
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 2-7
Rev. F
1. Determine the pilot’s primary view centerline, utilizing the following criteria:
a) For aircraft with a basic “T” instrument configuration with the attitude indicator in the upper
center location, the center of this instrument should be used as the primary view centerline.
b) If the basic “T” is offset away from the radio stack with respect to the control yoke or a nonstandard instrument cluster is present in the aircraft, the center of the control yoke or stick, in
the neutral position may be used as the primary view centerline.
c) If the control yoke/stick is offset from the center of the pilot’s seat, an imaginary line
extended through the center of the pilot’s seat may be used as the primary view centerline.
2. Measure the horizontal distance from the primary view centerline to the left or right edge of the
400W Series, as appropriate.
3. If the 400W Series unit is mounted to the right of the primary instruments, the internal display of
annunciation within the 400W Series unit is considered to be within the acceptable field-of-view
if the following criteria are met:
•
The left edge of the 400W Series unit is within 11.8 inches of the primary view centerline
and;
•
the top edge of the 400W Series unit is no lower than the bottom edge of the primary flight
instruments or the unit is line abreast with the affected CDI.
4. If the 400W Series unit is mounted to the left of the primary instruments, the internal display of
annunciation within the 400W Series unit is considered to be within the acceptable field-of-view
if the following criteria are met:
•
The right edge of the 400W Series unit is within 9.2 inches of the primary view center line
and;
•
the top edge of the 400W Series unit is no lower than the bottom edge of the primary flight
instruments or the unit is line abreast with the affected CDI.
If the internal display of annunciation within the 400W Series unit does not meet the criteria for
acceptable field-of-view as defined above, an external source selection annunciator must be integrated in
the affected CDI/HSI or an additional annunciator which clearly indicates the CDI/HSI source as VLOC
or GPS must be installed within 13.856 inches of the view centerline.
NOTE
The entire annunciator must be within 13.856 inches of the view centerline.
Page 2-8
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Figure 2-2. Source Selection Annunciation Field of View
GPS Navigation Annunciation
2.5.1.2
209B
Use the steps below to determine whether or not the integrated GPS navigation annunciation displayed on
the 400W Series unit to be installed is within the acceptable field-of-view (see Figure 2-3):
37H
1. Determine the pilot’s primary view centerline, as defined in Step 1 of Section 2.5.1.1.
38H
39H
2. Measure the horizontal distance from the primary view centerline to the left or right edge of the
400W Series, as appropriate.
3. If the 400W Series unit is mounted to the right of the primary instruments, the internal display of
annunciation within the 400W Series unit is considered to be within the acceptable field-of-view
if the following criteria are met:
•
The left edge of the 400W Series unit is within 13.4 inches of the primary view centerline
and;
•
the top edge of the 400W Series unit is no lower than the bottom edge of the primary flight
instruments or the unit is line abreast with the affected CDI.
4. If the 400W Series unit is mounted to the left of the primary instruments, the internal display of
annunciation within the 400W Series unit is considered to be within the acceptable field-of-view
if the following criteria are met:
•
The right edge of the 400W Series unit is within 12.2 inches of the primary view center line
and;
•
the top edge of the 400W Series unit is no lower than the bottom edge of the primary flight
instruments or the unit is line abreast with the affected CDI.
If the internal display of GPS navigation annunciation within the 400W Series unit does not meet the
criteria for acceptable field-of-view as defined above, an external annunciator unit must be installed
within 16.805 inches of the view centerline.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 2-9
Rev. F
NOTE
The entire annunciator unit must be within the acceptable field-of-view.
The external GPS Navigation annunciator unit must contain, at a minimum, the following annunciations:
•
INTEG, INTG or LOI
•
TERM
•
APR
•
MSG
•
WPT
Figure 2-3. GPS Navigation Annunciation Field of View
Page 2-10
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
2.6
Cabling and Wiring Considerations
2B
Wiring should be installed in accordance with AC 43.13-1B Chapter 11. For dual 400W Series unit
installations, care should be taken to ensure separation between wires of redundant systems to reduce the
possibility of loss of navigation due to a single event. When wire separation cannot be achieved, the
following issues should be addressed:
•
It should not be possible for a cable harness to be exposed to wire chafing in a manner that both
GPS units fail simultaneously;
•
The cable harness should not be located near flight control cables and controls, high electrical
capacity lines or fuel lines;
•
The cable harness should be located in a protected area of the aircraft (e.g., isolated from engine
rotor burst); and
•
Do not route cable near high-energy sources.
NOTE
Wiring which is required to be shielded per Appendix H must be shielded. Pigtail lengths must
be less than 3.0 inches.
340H
Refer to Section 3.7 and Section 3.8 for connector and tooling information.
341H
342H
Refer to Section 3.10 for recommended coax cable.
34H
Refer to Appendix H for the appropriate wiring connections to assemble the wiring connector.
34H
Once the cable assemblies have been made, attach the cable connectors to the rear connector plate. After
installing the mounting tube, attach the assembled connector plate. Route the wiring bundle as
appropriate. Use 22 to 24 AWG wire for all connections except for power. Use 20 AWG for power and
ground. Avoid sharp bends.
2.7
Air Circulation and Cooling
23B
The 400W Series units meet all TSO requirements without external cooling. However, as with all
electronic equipment, lower operating temperatures extend equipment life. On the average, reducing the
operating temperature by 15° to 20°C (27° to 36°F) doubles the mean time between failure (MTBF).
Recommended airflow rating is 1 CFM (cubic foot per minute) at a pressure equivalent to 0.1 inches of
water.
Potential damage to your 400W Series unit may occur by using outside forced air to cool the equipment.
Therefore, it is recommended that an electric forced air fan be installed, of the indicated rating, to cool
this equipment.
Units tightly packed in the avionics stack heat each other through radiation, convection, and sometimes
by direct conduction. Even a single unit operates at a much higher temperature in still air than in moving
air. Fans or some other means of moving the air around electronic equipment are usually a worthwhile
investment. A 5/8 inch diameter air fitting is provided on the rear of the mounting rack for the purpose of
admitting cooling air under such conditions. If a form of forced air cooling is installed, make certain that
rainwater cannot enter and be sprayed on the equipment.
2.8
Compass Safe Distance
24B
After reconfiguring the avionics in the cockpit panel, if the 400W Series unit is mounted less than 12
inches from the compass, recalibrate the compass and make the necessary changes for noting correction
data.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 2-11
Rev. F
2.9
Installation Approval Considerations
25B
In most cases, AML STC SA01933LA only covers the interfaces in Appendix G. However, as described
in the following sections, specific interfaces not listed in Appendix G can be approved under AML STC
SA01933LA.
345H
346H
2.9.1 Autopilot Interface Approval
97B
The 400W Series units have been approved to interface with a number of autopilots. Autopilots that will
be coupled to GPS vertical guidance for GPS approaches must be specifically listed in Appendix G.
347H
Autopilots not listed in Appendix G can still be approved under 400W/500W Series AML STC
SA01933LA if all of the following conditions are met:
348H
•
The installation of the autopilot was previously FAA-approved;
•
All interfaces between the 400W Series unit and the autopilot are analog;
•
The installation must use existing navigation signals which interface the autopilot to a standard
VHF navigation receiver (i.e. CDI/HSI L/R and Up/Dn)
•
A successful in-air flight check must be completed prior to returning the aircraft to service.
• The AFMS is properly completed, limiting the GPS to lateral coupling only (LNAV)
If these conditions are met the interface can be approved under AML STC SA01933LA. These autopilots
are limited to those operations for which they were previously FAA-approved when interfaced with the
other TC’d or STC’d navigation units (e.g. if the previous unit was installed and approved for coupled
VOR, ILS, LOC, BC and GPS LNAV approaches, this upgraded installation will also be approved for
these operations; however, GPS and RNAV approaches with GPS/WAAS-based vertical guidance
(LNAV+V,L/VNAV and LPV modes on the 400W series unit) are not authorized when coupled to the
autopilot).
NOTE
Contact Garmin to remove VNAV limitations.
2.9.2 Altitude Encoder/Air Data Computer Interface Approval
98B
The 400W Series units have been approved to interface with a number of altitude encoders. However,
altitude encoders not listed in Appendix G can still be approved under 400W/500W Series AML STC
SA01933LA if all of the following conditions are met:
349H
•
The altitude encoder/air data computer is TSO approved;
•
The installation of the altitude encoder / air data computer was previously FAA-approved;
•
The interface check for the altitude encoder described in section 5.4.4 (serial interface) or 5.4.5
(parallel/gray code interface) must be successfully completed.
350H
351H
If these conditions are met the interface can be approved under AML STC SA01933LA.
Page 2-12
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
2.9.3 Audio Panel Interface Approval
9B
The 400W Series units have been approved to interface with a number of audio panels. However, audio
panels not listed in Appendix G can still be approved under 400W/500W Series AML STC SA01933LA
if all of the following conditions are met:
352H
•
The installation of the audio panel was previously FAA-approved;
•
The VHF COM audio and VHF NAV audio (if applicable) must be verified as described in
sections 5.5.4 and 5.5.5.
If these conditions are met the interface can be approved under AML STC SA01933LA.
35H
354H
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 2-13
Rev. F
This page intentionally left blank
Page 2-14
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
3. INSTALLATION PROCEDURES
2B
3.1
Unit and Accessories
26B
The 400W Series units are available under the following part numbers:
Table 3-1. Catalog Part Numbers
Model
Unit Only Kit
Standard Kit
Unit P/N
Color
GPS 400W
010-00409-00
010-00409-10
010-00409-40
010-00409-50
010-00410-00
010-00410-10
010-00410-40
010-00410-45
010-00410-50
010-00411-00
010-00411-10
010-00411-40
010-00411-50
010-00412-00
010-00412-10
010-00412-40
010-00412-45
010-00412-50
010-00413-00
010-00413-10
010-00413-40
010-00413-50
010-00409-01
010-00409-11
010-00409-41
010-00409-51
010-00410-01
010-00410-11
010-00410-41
010-00410-46
010-00410-51
010-00411-01
010-00411-11
010-00411-41
010-00411-51
010-00412-01
010-00412-11
010-00412-41
010-00412-46
010-00412-51
010-00413-01
010-00413-11
010-00413-41
010-00413-51
011-01057-00
011-01057-10
011-01057-40
011-01057-50
011-01058-00
011-01058-10
011-01058-40
011-01058-45
011-01058-50
011-01059-00
011-01059-10
011-01059-40
011-01059-50
011-01060-00
011-01060-10
011-01060-40
011-01060-45
011-01060-50
011-01061-00
011-01061-10
011-01061-40
011-01061-50
BLK
GRY
BLK
GRY
BLK
GRY
BLK
BLK
GRY
BLK
GRY
BLK
GRY
BLK
GRY
BLK
BLK
GRY
BLK
GRY
BLK
GRY
GNC 420W
GNC 420AW
GNS 430W
GNS 430AW
COM
10W
10W
10W
10W
10W
16W
16W
16W
16W
10W
10W
10W
16W
10W
16W
16W
16W
16W
NAV
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Voltage
(VDC)
14/28
14/28
14/28
14/28
14/28
14/28
14/28
28
14/28
28
28
28
28
14/28
14/28
14/28
28
14/28
28
28
28
28
Upgrade
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Table 3-2. Standard Kit Accessories
Model
GPS 400W
GNC 420W
and
GNC 420AW
GNS 430W
and
GNS 430AW
Item
Mounting Rack
Connector Kit
Back Plate Assembly
Product Information Kit
Mounting Rack
Connector Kit
Back Plate Assembly
Product Information Kit
Mounting Rack
Connector Kit
Back Plate Assembly
Product Information Kit
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Part Number
115-00243-00
011-00351-03
011-00676-03
K00-00162-00
115-00243-00
011-00351-01
011-00676-01
K00-00162-00
115-00243-00
011-00351-00
011-00676-00
K00-00162-00
Page 3-1
Rev. F
3.2
Optional Accessories
27B
GPS Antenna Options
3.2.1
10B
For details regarding antenna selection, refer to Section 1.4.8. Once the antenna type is decided upon,
refer to the information below for detailed parts information for antennas available directly from Garmin.
Contact manufacturer directly for information on other antennas. Installation information for the antennas
can be found in the appropriate installation manual listed in Section 3.5.
35H
356H
NOTE
Kits for the GA 56A, GA 56W, GA 57, A33, and A34 antennas are no longer available.
GA 35 Antenna:
GA 35 Antenna Garmin P/N 013-00235-00 contains the following items:
ITEM
GA 35 GPS/WAAS Antenna [1]
PART NUMBER
013-00235-00 (Garmin)
AT575-93G (Aero Antenna)
QTY
1
[1] Antenna includes 8-32 UNC-2A x 1.00” SS 303 mounting screws (qty 4) and O-ring (qty 1).
An antenna doubler may also be required. Refer to Section 3.2.2 below for additional information.
357H
To secure the antenna #8 washers (qty 4) and #8 (qty 4) self-locking nuts are required in addition to
the antenna, or suitable nutplates may be installed on the doubler.
To connect the GPS antenna coaxial cable to the antenna a TNC plug is required.
GA 36 Antenna:
GA 36 Antenna Garmin P/N 013-00244-00 contains the following items:
ITEM
GA 36 GPS/WAAS Antenna [1]
PART NUMBER
013-00244-00 (Garmin)
AT575-126G (Aero Antenna)
QTY
1
[1] Antenna includes 8-32 UNC-2A x 1.00” SS 303 mounting screws (qty 4) and O-ring (qty 1).
An antenna doubler may also be required. Refer to Section 3.2.2 below for additional information.
358H
To secure the antenna #8 washers (qty 4) and #8 (qty 4) self-locking nuts are required in addition to
the antenna, or suitable nutplates may be installed on the doubler.
To connect the GPS antenna coaxial cable to the antenna a TNC plug is required.
GA 37 Antenna:
GA 37 Antenna Garmin P/N 013-00245-00 contains the following items:
ITEM
GA 37 GPS/WAAS + XM Antenna [1]
PART NUMBER
013-00245-00 (Garmin)
AT2300-126G (Aero
Antenna)
QTY
1
[1] Antenna includes 8-32 UNC-2A x 1.00” SS 303 mounting screws (qty 4) and O-ring (qty 1).
An antenna doubler may also be required. Refer to Section 3.2.2 below for additional information.
359H
To secure the antenna #8 washers (qty 4) and #8 (qty 4) self-locking nuts are required in addition to
the antenna, or suitable nutplates may be installed on the doubler.
To connect the GPS antenna coaxial cable to the antenna a TNC plug is required.
Page 3-2
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
3.2.2
GPS Antenna Doubler
10B
If installing the antenna onto existing provisions a doubler may not be required. If installing the antenna
using AML STC SA01695SE as the basis for approval, one of the following antenna doublers may be
used:
•
Antenna doubler P/N 115-00846-00, for the GA 36 and GA 37 antennas. This doubler contains
nut plates (qty. 4) for the antenna mounting screws.
•
Antenna doubler P/N 115-00846-10, for the GA 35 antenna. This doubler does not contain nut
plates.
The above doublers may be purchased from Garmin or doublers may be fabricated in accordance with the
Antenna STC Installation Manual 190-00569-00.
3.2.3
Other Accessories
102B
None.
3.3
Database Options
28B
ITEM
Data Card, World Wide
Data Card, Americas
Data Card, International
Data Card, Taws/Terrain (128 MB) (Note 1)
Data Card, Taws/Terrain (256 MB) (Note 1)
GARMIN P/N
010-10546-00
010-10546-01
010-10546-02
010-10201-20
010-10201-21
Note 1: Data cards 010-10201-20 and 010-10201-21 are functionally equivalent.
3.4
Miscellaneous Options
29B
ITEM
Connector, BNC, Male, Clamp
GPS 1.57542 GHz Notch Filter
3.5
GARMIN P/N
330-00087-00
330-00067-00
Optional Reference Material
30B
ITEM
400W Series Pilot’s Guide
400W Series Quick Reference Guide
Addendum – 400W/500W Series Display Interfaces
Addendum – 400W/500W Series Garmin Optional
Displays
GNS 400W/500W Series Training CD
GARMIN P/N
190-00356-00
190-00356-01
190-00356-31
190-00356-30
010-10601-00
GA Antenna AML STC SA01695SE Documentation:
ITEM
Master Data List
STC Antenna Installation Manual
Instructions for Continued Airworthiness
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
GARMIN P/N
005-C0373-00
190-00569-00
190- 00673-01
Page 3-3
Rev. F
3.6
Installation Materials Required but Not Provided
31B
Optional Accessories Not Supplied (GNC 420W and GNS 430W Only)
3.6.1
103B
The following installation accessories are required but not provided:
ITEM
COM Antenna
VOR/LOC Antenna
Glideslope Antenna
Headphones
Microphone
REQUIREMENTS
Shall meet TSO C37( ) and C38( ). Broad band, 50 Ω, vertically
polarized with coaxial cable (GNC 420W and GNS 430W Only)
Shall meet TSO C40( ) and C36( ). Broad band, 50 Ω, horizontally
polarized with coaxial cable (GNS 430W Only)
Shall meet TSO C34( ). Broad band, 50 Ω, horizontally polarized with
coaxial cable or low-loss splitter used with the VOR/LOC antenna
(GNS 430W Only)
500Ω nominal impedance (GNC 420W and GNS 430W Only)
Low impedance, carbon or dynamic, with transistorized pre-amp
(GNC 420W and GNS 430W Only)
For a list of optional accessories and source selection annunciators, refer to Appendix G.
360H
3.6.2
Materials Required But Not Supplied (New Installations Only)
104B
The 400W Series unit is intended for use with the standard aviation accessories. The following items are
required for installation, but not supplied:
•
Wire (MIL-W-22759/16 or equivalent)
•
Shielded Wire (MIL-C-27500 or equivalent)
•
Mounting Screws (8 minimum – AN577 6-32 screw with 100° countersink)
•
Circuit Breakers
•
Tie Wraps or Lacing Cord
•
Ring Terminals (for grounding)
•
Coaxial Cable (RG-400, RG-142B or equivalent – refer to Section 3.10 for addition information)
Page 3-4
Rev. F
361H
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
3.7
Special Tools Required
32B
Some of the connectors use crimp contacts. The table below identifies crimp tools required to ensure
consistent, reliable crimp contact connections for the rear D-sub connectors.
Table 3-3. Recommended Crimp Tools (or Equivalent)
Connector
Type
Wire
Gauge
High Density
Standard Density
22-24 AWG
18 AWG
20-24 AWG
Hand
Crimping
Tool
Positioner
Insertion/
Extraction
Tool
Positioner
Insertion/
Extraction
Tool
Military P/N
M22520/2-01
M22520/2-09
M81969/1-04
N/A
M81969/1-02
Positronic
9507
9502-3
M81969/1-04
9502-11
M81969/1-02
ITT Cannon
995-0001-584
995-0001-739
N/A
N/A
N/A
AMP
601966-1
601966-6
91067-1
N/A
N/A
M22520/208
9502-5
995-0001604
601966-5
Daniels
AFM8
K42
M81969/1-04
K774
M81969/1-02
K13-1
M81969/1-02
Astro
615717
615725
M81969/1-04
N/A
M81969/1-02
615724
M81969/1-02
Positioner
Insertion/
Extraction
Tool
M81969/1-02
M81969/1-02
980-2000-426
91067-2
NOTE
Insertion/extraction tools from ITT Cannon are all plastic; others are plastic with metal tip.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 3-5
Rev. F
3.8
Cable Installation
3B
1. Route the coaxial cable to the rack location keeping in mind the recommendations of Section
2.6. Secure the cable in accordance with good aviation practice.
362H
2. Trim the coaxial cable to the desired length and install the BNC connector (330-00087-00) per
the cabling instructions on Figure 3-1. If the connector is provided by the installer, follow the
connector manufacturer’s instructions for cable preparation.
36H
Figure 3-1. Coaxial Cable Installation
The card-edge connector may be used to terminate shield grounds to the 400W Series back plate.
Feed wires through the connector backshells before insertion into the 25-, 44-, and 78-pin connectors.
Contacts for the 25-, 44-, and 78-pin connectors must be crimped onto the individual wires of the aircraft
wiring harness. The following table lists contact part numbers (for reference). See Table 3-3 for
recommended crimp tools.
364H
Page 3-6
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Table 3-4. Pin Contact Part Numbers
78-pin conn
(P4001)
44-pin
conn
(P4006)
Connector
Type
Wire Gauge
High Density Pin
Contact
22-24 AWG
Garmin P/N
25-pin Connector (P4002)
Shield Ground
Connector
Standard Density Socket Contact
.1-inch Pitch Card-Edge
18 AWG
20-24 AWG
20-24 AWG
336-00021-00
336-00023-00
336-00022-00
336-00029-00
Military P/N
M39029/58-360
N/A
M39029/63-368
N/A
AMP
204370-2
N/A
205090-1
583853-4
Positronic
M39029/58-360
FC6018D
M39029/63-368
N/A
ITT Cannon
030-2042-000
See Note 2
031-1007-042
N/A
NOTES
1. Non-Garmin part numbers shown are not maintained by Garmin and consequently are subject
to change without notice.
2. Alternate contacts for 18 AWG wire: As an alternative to the Positronic contacts listed (and
provided in the installation kit), the installer may use contacts made by ITT Cannon under P/N
031-1007-001. These contacts require the use of a different crimp tool positioner than shown
in the table, with the part numbers as follows: Daniels P/N K250, Astro P/N 616245, or ITT
Cannon P/N 980-0005-722.
3. For the card-edge connector pin contacts, use AMP part number 90272-1 or equivalent
crimping tool.
To prevent a possible short across the pins in the wiring harness, Teflon shrink tubing P/N 312-00005-05,
provided in Connector Kit 011-00351-00 (P4002) covers the oversized power and ground pin contacts
P/N 336-00023-00 (pins 11, 12, 21, 22) that protrude from the back of the connector shell. Before
crimping the pins onto the wire:
1. Cut the tubing (312-00005-05) into 4 equal lengths.
2. Slide a short piece of the tubing over the wire.
3. Strip the wire and crimp the pin (336-00023-00) onto the wire.
4. Insert the pin into the connector shell.
5. Slide the tubing over the exposed portion of the pin and shrink using a heat gun.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 3-7
Rev. F
3.9
Equipment Mounting
34B
Rack Installation
3.9.1
105B
Use the dimensions shown in Figure F-1 to prepare the mounting holes for the 400W Series unit. You
may also use the 400W Series unit mounting rack itself as a template for drilling the mounting holes.
365H
1. The back plate of the rack may optionally be removed for ease of mounting in the aircraft
panel. To do so, remove the two #4-40 screws, tilt the back plate away from the tray, and then
slide the back plate to the side.
2. Use the dimensions shown in Figure F-1 for the aviation rack for the various 400W Series
units. Install the rack in a rectangular 6.320” x 2.700” hole (or gap between units) in the
instrument panel. The lower-front lip of the rack should be flush with, or extend slightly
beyond, the finished aircraft panel.
36H
NOTE
If the front lip of the mounting rack is behind the surface of the aircraft panel, the
400W Series unit connectors may not fully engage.
Make sure that no screw heads or other obstructions prevent the unit from fully engaging
in the rack (refer to the “Connector Engagement Test,” Section 5.2). Exercise caution
when installing the rack into the instrument panel. The rack is designed to facilitate
removal of the 400W Series for use in Demo Mode outside the aircraft. Deformation of
the rack may make it difficult to install and remove the 400W Series unit.
367H
3. Install the rack in the aircraft panel using six #6-32 flat head screws and six self-locking nuts.
The screws are inserted from the inside through the holes in the sides of the rack.
4. If the back plate was previously removed (see Step #1), replace the back plate by positioning
the tabs on the back plate in the slots of the left side of the rack (viewing it from the cockpit)
and attaching it by replacing the two #4-40 screws.
3.9.2
400W Series Unit Insertion and Removal
106B
It may be necessary to insert the hex drive tool into the access hole and rotate the mechanism 90°
counterclockwise to insure correct position prior to placing the unit in the rack. The 400W Series unit is
installed in the rack by sliding it straight in until it stops, about 1 inch short of the final position. A 3/32inch hex drive tool is then inserted into the access hole at the bottom of the unit face. Rotate the hex tool
clockwise while pressing on the left side of the bezel until the unit is firmly seated in the rack.
To remove the unit from the rack, insert the hex drive tool into the access hole on the unit face and rotate
counterclockwise until the unit is forced out about 3/8 inches and can be freely pulled from the rack.
Be sure not to over tighten the unit into the rack. The application of hex drive tool torque exceeding
15 in-lbs can damage the locking mechanism.
3.9.3
Unit Replacement
107B
Whenever the 400W Series unit is removed or reinstalled, verify that the unit power-up self-test sequence
is successfully completed and no failure messages are annunciated. Section 5.5.1 outlines the power-up
self-test sequence.
368H
Page 3-8
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
3.10
Antenna Installation and Connection
35B
3.10.1 GPS Antenna
108B
This section provides information on the antenna cable installation. For mounting of the GPS Antenna
refer to the Garmin GA Antenna AML STC SA01695SE. Refer to 2.4.1 herein for installation location
considerations.
369H
NOTE
The internal 400W Series COM does not interfere with its own GPS receiver. However,
placement of the 400W Series antenna relative to other COM transceivers and antennas
(including the 400W Series COM antenna) is critical.
Suggestion: Temporarily locate the GPS antenna with coax connected to the 400W Series unit and check
the GPS performance as described in Section 5.5.2 and Section 5.5.3. Once a suitable location has been
verified, then permanently mount the antenna.
370H
371H
Once the antenna mounting position has been prepared, route the coax cable from the antenna to the
400W Series unit. Proper selection of coax cable and assembly of connectors is critical to GPS signal
performance. The cable loss from the GPS antenna (excluding antennas in Table 1-3) shall be
between 1.5 dB and 6.5 dB in order to maintain proper rejection to interference signals.
372H
NOTE
GPS antennas in Table 1-3 require a cable loss between 3 dB and 7 dB.
37H
The coaxial connectors and adapters, such as TNC to BNC, add additional loss to the cable and should be
considered when computing the cable loss. A typical loss of 0.2 dB can be used for each connection. To
maintain integrity of the WAAS signal, the GPS antenna coaxial cable must have a minimum of two
shields (e.g. RG-400 or RG-142B).
NOTE
If RG-142B or RG-400 is used, 1.5 dB equates to a length of approximately 6.5 feet of
cable with a connector on each end. RG-142B or RG-400 cable can be used as long as the
length is less than 35 feet. For longer lengths, use low-loss double or triple shielded 50Ω
coax.
For very short runs, where the loss is less than 1.5 dB, additional cable should be used to increase the loss
to within 1.5 dB to 6.5 dB. This additional cable may be coiled, taking into account the minimum bend
radius of the cable.
During the post-installation checkout, susceptibility to harmonics of VHF COM transmitters will be
evaluated. If problems arise, then better isolation, or distance, may be required between the GPS and
COM antennas, or a 1575.42 MHz notch filter may be installed in series with the antenna coax of the
VHF COM transceiver to reduce or eliminate the harmonic interference. A notch filter for this use (P/N
330-00067-00) is available from Garmin.
If a VHF COM transmitter causes problems with the GPS on the selected frequencies as listed in the postinstallation checkout, the problem may be due to the ELT. This can be verified by disconnecting the ELT
antenna coax at the ELT unit. If the ELT is found to cause the problem, then contact the ELT
manufacturer or replace the ELT.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 3-9
Rev. F
3.10.2 COM Antenna
109B
The 400W Series unit requires a standard 50Ω vertically polarized antenna. Follow the antenna
manufacturer’s installation instructions for mounting the antenna.
The antenna should be mounted on a metal surface or a ground plane with a minimum area of 18 x 18
inches. Refer to Section 2.4.2 for installation location considerations.
374H
The antenna coax cable should be made of RG-142B, RG-400 or a comparable quality 50Ω coax.
Check for insertion loss and VSWR (voltage standing wave ratio). VSWR should be checked with an inline type VSWR/wattmeter inserted in the coaxial transmission line between the transceiver and the
antenna. The VSWR should be inserted as close to the transceiver as possible. When rack and harness
buildup is performed in the shop, the coax termination may be provisioned by using a 6 inches inline
BNC connection. This would be an acceptable place to insert the VSWR. Any problem with the antenna
installation is most likely seen as high reflected power. A VSWR of 3:1 may result in up to a 50% loss in
transmit power.
3.10.3 NAV Antenna
10B
The NAV antenna is a standard 50Ω horizontally polarized NAV/VOR/Localizer/Glideslope antenna (the
glideslope may be a separate antenna in some aircraft) that receives VOR frequencies between 108 and
117.95 MHz, and localizer frequencies between 108 and 112 MHz, and glideslope information between
328.6 and 335.4 MHz. Follow the antenna manufacturer’s installation instructions for mounting antennas.
It is recommended that the installer use RG-142B, RG-400 or equivalent 50Ω coax for the NAV
antenna(s).
The GNS 430W has a separate VOR/LOC and Glideslope inputs requiring some installations to use a
standard external diplexer or triplexer.
3.11 Weight and Balance
36B
Weight and balance computation is required after the installation of the 400 Series unit. Follow the
guidelines as established in AC 43.13-1B, Chapter 10, Section 2. Make appropriate entries in the
equipment list indicating items added, removed, or relocated along with the date accomplished. Include
your name and certificate number in the aircraft records. Table 3-5 identifies the weight of the new 400W
Series equipment. Refer to Figure F-1 for the center of gravity.
375H
376H
Table 3-5. Unit Weights
GPS 400W Weight (Unit only)
4.0 lbs. (1.82 kg)
GPS 400W Weight (Installed with rack and back plate)
5.0 lbs. (2.27 kg)
GNC 420W and 420AW Weight (Unit only)
4.5 lbs. (2.04 kg)
GNC 420W and 420AW Weight (Installed with rack and back plate)
5.5 lbs. (2.49 kg)
GNS 430W and 430AW Weight (Unit only)
5.1 lbs (2.31 kg)
GNS 430W and 430AW Weight (Installed with rack and back plate)
6.2 lbs (2.81 kg)
Page 3-10
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
3.12
Electrical Load Analysis
37B
An electrical load analysis should be completed on each aircraft prior to installation in accordance with
AC 43.13-1B, Chapter 11. Use the following values for computation:
Table 3-6. 400W Series Power Input
Input
Connector
Mode
GPS 400W
Main power
P4001
GNC 420W
Main power
COM power
14 VDC
28 VDC
Typical
Max
Typical
Max
--
760mA
1.4A
410mA
700mA
P4001
P4002
-RX
TX
1.12A
4mA
3.25A
2.5A
15mA
6.0A
560mA
8mA
1.6A
1.2A
15mA
3.0A
GNC 420AW
Main power
COM power
P4001
P4002
-RX
TX
1.12A
N/A
N/A
2.5A
N/A
N/A
560mA
3mA
1.6A
1.2A
15mA
3.0A
GNS 430W
Main power
COM power
P4001
P4002
-RX
TX
1.60A
4mA
3.25A
2.5A
15mA
6.0A
800mA
8mA
1.60A
1.2A
15mA
3.0A
GNS 430AW
Main power
COM power
P4001
P4002
-RX
TX
1.60A
N/A
N/A
2.5A
N/A
N/A
800mA
3mA
1.6A
1.2A
15mA
3.0A
NOTE
The input currents do not include loads on the superflag outputs.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 3-11
Rev. F
3.13
AFMS Completion – Based on Autopilot Type
38B
3.13.1 Autopilot Listed in 400W/500W Series AML STC
1B
For all autopilots listed in Section G.4, the appropriate limitations for that autopilot are identified in Table
3-7 and described in the paragraphs following the table.
Table 3-7. Autopilot Coupling Limitations
37H
378H
Section
4.3 of
AFMS
[a]
[3]
X
X
[a]
[1]
KCP 320
X
X
[a]
[3]
KFC 150/200/250/300/325
X
X
[a]
[3]
KFC 225
X
X
[a]
[1]
I/II
X
[a]
[4]
III/IV
X
[a]
[3]
21
X
(ii)
[a]
[4]
31/41
X
X
(ii)
[a]
[3]
2000
X
X
(ii)
[a]
[3]
Triden
X
X
(ii)
[a]
[3]
System 20/30/40/50
X
(i)
[a]
[4]
System 55
X
X
(i)
[a]
[3]
System 55X
X
X
X
[a]
[2]
System 60-1
X
(i)
[a]
[4]
System 60-2/65
X
(i)
[a]
[3]
X
[a]
[3]
X
KAP 150
X
Honeywell
KAP 140
(Bendix/King)
S-TEC
System 60 PSS
Cessna
Bendix
Collins
GPSS
X
KAP 100
Vertical
[4]
Model
Lateral
[a]
Manufacturer
Century
Limitations
Section
2.8 of
AFMS
Capabilities
X
X
X
300B/400B/800B
X
X
[a]
[3]
M4C
X
X
[a]
[3]
M4D
X
X
[a]
[3]
APS 65( )
X
X
[a]
[3]
Notes
ARINC 429 roll steering
ARINC 429 roll steering
(i) Roll steering may be provided through the ST-901 GPSS converter.
(ii) Roll steering may be provided through the AK 1081 GPSS converter.
AFMS Section 2.8 Autopilot Coupling Limitations
This section of the AFMS contains two possible limitations:
[a] No limitations for autopilot coupling.
[b] Lateral GPS coupling (LNAV only). For 430W/530W units: The GS of an ILS (VLOC) may be
coupled to the autopilot without any limitations.
For all autopilots covered by the 400W/500W Series AML STC, limitation [a] applies and should be
checked on the AFMS.
Page 3-12
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
AFMS Section 4.3 Autopilot Coupling Limitations
This section of the AFMS contains four possible limitations:
[1] This installation prompts the pilot and requires the pilot to enable the A/P outputs just prior to
engaging the autopilot in APR mode.
[2] This installation supports a seamless transition from digital (GPSS) to analog guidance for the
autopilot. To capture the vertical guidance, the pilot may engage the autopilot in APR mode at
any time when the GPS Glide Slope (VDI) becomes valid (displayed without a FLAG).
[3] This installation interfaces to the autopilot in analog mode only. To capture the vertical guidance,
the pilot may engage the autopilot in APR mode at any time when the GPS Glide Slope (VDI)
becomes valid.
[4] The autopilot does not support any vertical capture or tracking in this installation.
For all autopilots listed in the 400W/500W Series AML STC, the appropriate limitations for that autopilot
are identified in Table 3-7. The corresponding limitation should be checked in the AFMS.
379H
3.13.2 Autopilot Not Listed in 400W/500W Series AML STC
12B
If an installation has an autopilot interface that is not listed in the 400W/500W Series AML STC,
additional FAA approval is required. However, the AFMS provided with the AML STC should still be
used, with the appropriate limitations specified as described below.
AFMS Section 2.8 Autopilot Coupling Limitations
This section of the AFMS contains two possible limitations:
[a] No limitations for autopilot coupling.
[b] Lateral GPS coupling (LNAV only). For 430W/530W units: The GS of an ILS (VLOC) may be
coupled to the autopilot without any limitations.
For all autopilots that are not listed in the 400W/500W Series AML STC, limitation [b] applies.
Additional FAA approval from the Aircraft Certification Office (ACO) is required for a particular
installation to remove the vertical GPS coupling limitations.
AFMS Section 4.3 Autopilot Coupling Limitations
This section of the AFMS contains four possible limitations:
[1] This installation prompts the pilot and requires the pilot to enable the A/P outputs just prior to
engaging the autopilot in APR mode.
[2] This installation supports a seamless transition from digital (GPSS) to analog guidance for the
autopilot. To capture the vertical guidance, the pilot may engage the autopilot in APR mode at
any time when the GPS Glide Slope (VDI) becomes valid (displayed without a FLAG).
[3] This installation interfaces to the autopilot in analog mode only. To capture the vertical guidance,
the pilot may engage the autopilot in APR mode at any time when the GPS Glide Slope (VDI)
becomes valid.
[4] The autopilot does not support any vertical capture or tracking in this installation.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 3-13
Rev. F
For all autopilots that are not listed in the 400W/500W Series AML STC, select the appropriate limitation
as follows:
Limitation [1] is checked for any installation that meets all of the following criteria:
•
The GPS SELECT discrete is set to ‘Prompt’ on the Main System Config Page (refer to section
5.3.3. in the appropriate installation manual).
NOTE
The 400W/500W Series GPS SELECT discrete output is connected to the GPS Select
input (or equivalent) on the autopilot. This input is used by the autopilot to determine if
the navigation source is GPS or VLOC. The autopilot typically goes to “wings-level”
mode automatically when the navigation source changes between GPS and VLOC. In
order to prevent the autopilot from entering “wings-level“ mode without the pilot
noticing the mode change, the unit prompts the pilot and requires pilot acknowledgement
prior to switching the output signal state. Examples of autopilots that support this input
are the Honeywell KAP 140 or KFC 225.
Limitation [2] is checked for any installation that meets all of the following criteria:
•
The GPS SELECT discrete output is configured for ‘Auto’ on the Main System Config Page
(refer to section 5.3.3. in the appropriate installation manual).
•
ARINC 429 GPSS provided directly to the autopilot computer or through a roll-steering
converter.
•
The 400W/500W interface to the autopilot provides vertical deviation information.
Limitation [3] is checked for any installation that meets all of the following criteria:
•
The GPS SELECT discrete is set to ‘Auto’ on the Main System Config Page (refer to section
5.3.3. in the appropriate installation manual).
•
GPS roll-steering information is not provided to the autopilot computer.
•
The 400W/500W interface to the autopilot provides vertical deviation information.
Limitation [4] is checked for any installation that meets all of the following criteria:
•
The GPS SELECT discrete is set to ‘Auto’ on the Main System Config Page (refer to section
5.3.3. in the appropriate installation manual).
•
The 400W/500W interface to the autopilot provides no vertical deviation information (this is the
case for autopilots with LNAV and altitude hold modes only i.e. the autopilot does not provide
vertical capture and/or vertical tracking).
Page 3-14
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
4. SYSTEM INTERCONNECTS
3B
4.1
4.1.1
Pin Function List
39B
P4001 Main Connector
13B
(View looking at rear of unit)
60
40
61
21
1
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
62
41 42
22
2
63
43
23
3
64
44
24
4
65
45
25
5
66
46
26
6
67
47
27
7
68
48
28
8
69
49
29
9
30
10
70
50
71
72
51 52
31
11
32
12
33
13
Pin Name
VLOC ANNUNCIATE
GPS ANNUNCIATE
WAYPOINT ANNUNCIATE
TERMINAL ANNUNCIATE
APPROACH ANNUNCIATE
MESSAGE ANNUNCIATE
OBS ANNUNCIATE
SPARE ANNUNCIATE
INTEGRITY ANNUNCIATE
ANNUNCIATE D
ANNUNCIATE E
ALTITUDE ALARM ANNUNCIATE
GPS SELECT
ILS/GPS APPROACH
AIRCRAFT POWER 2
TIME MARK OUT
MAIN LATERAL SUPERFLAG
MAIN VERTICAL SUPERFLAG
AIRCRAFT POWER 1
AIRCRAFT POWER 1
MAIN +LEFT
MAIN +RIGHT
MAIN LATERAL +FLAG
MAIN LATERAL –FLAG (GROUND)
MAIN +TO
MAIN +FROM
MAIN +UP
MAIN +DOWN
MAIN VERTICAL +FLAG
MAIN VERTICAL -FLAG (GROUND)
MAIN OBS ROTOR C
MAIN OBS ROTOR H (GROUND)
MAIN OBS STATOR D
MAIN OBS STATOR E (2.5V COMMON OBS)
MAIN OBS STATOR F
MAIN OBS STATOR G (2.5V COMMON OBS)
AUDIO 1 HI
AUDIO 1 LO (GROUND)
LIGHTING BUS HI
LIGHTING BUS LO
GPS RS-232 OUT 3
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
73
53
74
54
34
14
75
55
35
15
76
56
36
16
77
37
17
78
58
57
38
18
59
39
19
20
I/O
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
In
Out
Out
Out
In
In
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
In
Out
In
Out
Out
Out
In
In
Out
Page 4-1
Rev. F
Pin
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
Pin Name
GPS RS-232 IN 3
MAIN OBI CLOCK
MAIN OBI DATA
MAIN OBI SYNC
GPS ARINC 429 OUT A
GPS ARINC 429 OUT B
GPS ARINC 429 IN 1 A
GPS ARINC 429 IN 1 B
GPS ARINC 429 IN 2 A
GPS ARINC 429 IN 2 B
RESERVED
RESERVED
GPS RS-232 OUT 4
GPS RS-232 IN 4
GPS RS-232 OUT 1
GPS RS-232 IN 1
GPS RS-232 OUT 2
GPS RS-232 IN 2
ALTITUDE COMMON (GROUND)
ALTITUDE C4
ALTITUDE C2
ALTITUDE C1
ALTITUDE B4
ALTITUDE B2
ALTITUDE B1
ALTITUDE A4
ALTITUDE A2
ALTITUDE A1
ALTITUDE D4
OBS MODE SELECT
AIRCRAFT POWER 2
CDI SOURCE SELECT
COM REMOTE RECALL [1]
DEMO MODE SELECT
RESERVED
AIRCRAFT GROUND
AIRCRAFT GROUND
I/O
In
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
In
In
In
In
--Out
In
Out
In
Out
In
Out
In
In
In
In
In
In
In
In
In
In
In
In
In
In
In
----
[1] Main software version 3.00 or later
Page 4-2
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
4.1.2
P4002 COM Connector (GNC 420W and GNS 430W Only)
14B
(View looking at rear of unit)
1
2
14
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
3
15
4
16
Pin Name
RESERVED
RESERVED
RESERVED
COM MIC KEY
INTERCOM MIC HI
COM MIC AUDIO HI
500Ω COM AUDIO HI
RESERVED
RESERVED
RESERVED
AIRCRAFT POWER
AIRCRAFT POWER
RESERVED
TRANSMIT INTERLOCK
COM REMOTE TRANSFER
SPARE
INTERCOM MIC LO
COM MIC AUDIO LO
500Ω COM AUDIO LO
RESERVED
AIRCRAFT GROUND
AIRCRAFT GROUND
RESERVED
RESERVED
RESERVED
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
5
17
6
18
7
19
8
20
9
21
10
22
11
23
12
24
13
25
I/O
---In
In
In
Out
---In
In
-In
In
-In
In
Out
-------
Page 4-3
Rev. F
4.1.3
P4006 NAV Connector (GNS 430W Only)
15B
(View looking at rear of unit)
15
14
30
13
29
44
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
Page 4-4
Rev. F
12
28
43
11
27
42
10
26
41
9
25
40
8
24
39
38
7
23
37
6
22
36
5
4
21 20
35
3
19
34
2
18
33
1
17
32
16
31
Pin Name
VOR/LOC +TO
VOR/LOC +FROM (VOR/LOC COMMON)
VOR/LOC +FLAG
VOR/LOC -FLAG (VOR/LOC COMMON)
VOR/LOC +LEFT
VOR/LOC +RIGHT (VOR/LOC COMMON)
RESERVED
VOR/LOC COMPOSITE OUT
VOR OBS ROTOR C
VOR OBS ROTOR H (GROUND)
VOR OBS STATOR E/G (VOR/LOC COMMON)
VOR OBS STATOR F
VOR OBS STATOR D
PARALLEL DME - 8MHZ
VOR/LOC SUPERFLAG
500Ω VOR/ILS AUDIO HI
500Ω VOR/ILS AUDIO LO
SERIAL DME CLOCK
SERIAL DME DATA
SER DME - CHAN REQ/PAR DME - 4MHZ
SER DME - RNAV MODE/PAR DME - 2MHZ
DME COMMON
VOR/ILS ARINC 429 OUT B
VOR/ILS ARINC 429 OUT A
VOR OBI CLOCK
VOR OBI SYNC
VOR OBI DATA
VLOC REMOTE TRANSFER
ILS ENERGIZE
GLIDESLOPE +FLAG
GLIDESLOPE +DOWN/-FLAG (GLIDESLOPE COMMON)
GLIDESLOPE +UP
PARALLEL DME - 1MHZ
RESERVED
VOR/ILS ARINC 429 IN B
VOR/ILS ARINC 429 IN A
PARALLEL DME - 800KHZ
GLIDESLOPE SUPERFLAG
PARALLEL DME - 400KHZ
PARALLEL DME - 200KHZ
AIRCRAFT GROUND
PARALLEL DME - 100KHZ
PARALLEL DME - 50KHZ
AIRCRAFT POWER
I/O
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
-Out
Out
Out
In
In
In
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
I/O
I/O
In
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
In
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
-In
In
Out
Out
Out
Out
-Out
Out
In
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
4.2
Power, Lighting, and Antennas
40B
This section covers the power input requirements, lighting bus input, and antenna connections. See Figure
H-5 for interconnect information.
380H
4.2.1
Power
16B
Pin Name
AIRCRAFT POWER 1 (MAIN)
AIRCRAFT POWER 1 (MAIN)
AIRCRAFT POWER 2 (MAIN)
AIRCRAFT POWER 2 (MAIN)
AIRCRAFT POWER (COM)
AIRCRAFT POWER (COM)
AIRCRAFT POWER (NAV SUPERFLAG)
AIRCRAFT GROUND
AIRCRAFT GROUND
AIRCRAFT GROUND
AIRCRAFT GROUND
AIRCRAFT GROUND
Connector
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4002
P4002
P4006
P4001
P4001
P4002
P4002
P4006
Pin
19
20
15
72
11
12
44
77
78
21
22
41
I/O
In
In
In
In
In
In
In
------
CAUTION
To operate the COM transceiver in a 14 volt aircraft with a GNC 420AW, GNS 430AW
or the 28 VDC upgrade units, (see Table 3-1), a 14 to 28 volt converter such as KGS
Electronics model RB-126 or UC-14-28 or equivalent must be used. The voltage
converter should include a single short circuit protection device on its output, such as a
circuit breaker. The output should be connected to the COM power input, P4002-11 and
P4002-12 for the COM transmitter. The other power input pins (P4001-19, -20, -15, -72
and P4006-44) accept 11 to 33 VDC. Refer to Figure H-5.
381H
382H
A power connection on P4006-44 is only required if NAV SUPERFLAG and/or G/S SUPERFLAG is
utilized.
The power inputs P4001-19 and -20 provide power for all functions of the 400W Series unit except the
COM transmitter and the NAV & G/S SUPERFLAG outputs.
4.2.2
Lighting Bus
17B
Pin Name
LIGHTING BUS HI
LIGHTING BUS LO
Connector
P4001
P4001
Pin
39
40
I/O
In
In
The 400W Series unit can be configured to track 28 VDC, 14 VDC, 5 VDC or 5 Vac lighting buses using
these inputs. Alternatively, the 400W Series unit can automatically adjust for ambient lighting conditions
based on the photocell. Refer to Section 5.3.7 for configuring lighting inputs.
38H
4.2.3
Antennas
18B
Pin Name
GPS ANTENNA
COM ANTENNA
VOR/LOC ANTENNA
GLIDESLOPE ANTENNA
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Connector
P4003
P4004
P4005
P4007
I/O
In
I/O
In
In
Page 4-5
Rev. F
4.3 Altitude Gray Code
41B
Altitude input is useful for advisory vertical navigation (VNAV) calculations.
Pin Name
ALTITUDE D4
ALTITUDE A1
ALTITUDE A2
ALTITUDE A4
ALTITUDE B1
ALTITUDE B2
ALTITUDE B4
ALTITUDE C1
ALTITUDE C2
ALTITUDE C4
ALTITUDE COMMON
Connector
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4001
Pin
70
69
68
67
66
65
64
63
62
61
60
I/O
In
In
In
In
In
In
In
In
In
In
In
These inputs are considered active if either the voltage to ground is <1.9 V or the resistance to ground
is <375 Ω. These inputs are considered inactive if the voltage to ground is 11-33 VDC.
NOTE
Some transponders and other altitude encoder receivers do not have internal isolation
diodes to prevent the unit from pulling the encoder lines to ground when the unit is off.
These units require a diode added to the installation harness for each encoder line. The
anode should be connected on the receiving unit’s side and the cathode should be
connected on the encoder side. A set of diodes is required for each unit without internal
diodes. The 400W Series unit includes internal diodes for isolation of the encoder lines.
Refer to Section 5.3.9 for the gray code altitude checkout.
384H
Refer to Figure H-6 for the gray code altitude interconnect.
385H
Page 4-6
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
4.4
Main Indicator
42B
Main Indicator Function
4.4.1
19B
The Main Indicator displays both lateral and vertical deviation from selected course, To/From indications,
lateral and vertical flags and superflags.
The “CDI” key on the bezel of the GNS 430W takes the place of remote “NAV/GPS” switches, and is
used to toggle between display of GPS and VOR/ILS navigation display on a remote indicator. The
Navigation source is annunciated on the display above the ‘CDI’ key. The Navigation method is
optionally annunciated externally by connecting to the VLOC ANNUNCIATE output (P4001-1) and GPS
ANNUNCIATE output (P4001-2). GPS and VOR/ILS navigation may be toggled externally when the
CDI SOURCE SELECT input (P4001-73) is momentarily grounded. See section 4.5 for more
information on the external annunciators and switches.
386H
An OBS resolver connection to the GPS is preferred, but not required. For the GNS 430W, an OBS
resolver typically is connected to the MAIN OBS inputs for use with the GNS 430W VOR receiver.
4.4.2
Main Indicator Electrical Characteristics
4.4.2.1
120B
Deviation
210B
Pin Name
MAIN +LEFT
MAIN +RIGHT (1.65V COMMON)
MAIN +UP (1.65V COMMON)
MAIN +DOWN
Connector
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4001
Pin
21
22
27
28
I/O
Out
Out
Out
Out
The deviation output is capable of driving up to three 1000 Ω meter loads with ±150 mVDC ±10% for
full-scale deflection. The drive circuit provides for more than full-scale deflection with a maximum
course deviation output voltage of ±300 mVDC ±10%.
TO/FROM
4.4.2.2
21B
Pin Name
MAIN +TO (1.65V COMMON)
MAIN +FROM
Connector
P4001
P4001
Pin
25
26
I/O
Out
Out
The output is capable of driving up to three 200 Ω meter loads. When indicating TO, MAIN +TO is +190
±40 mVDC with respect to MAIN +FROM. When indicating FROM, MAIN +TO is -190 ±40 mVDC
with respect to MAIN +FROM. When invalid information is present (Flag IN VIEW) the TO/FROM
output is 0 ±10 mVDC.
4.4.2.3
Flags
21B
Pin Name
MAIN LATERAL +FLAG
MAIN LATERAL -FLAG (GROUND)
MAIN VERTICAL +FLAG
MAIN VERTICAL -FLAG (GROUND)
Connector
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4001
Pin
23
24
29
30
I/O
Out
Out
Out
Out
The Flag output is capable of driving up to three 1000 Ω meter loads. When valid information is present
(Flag OUT OF VIEW) the Flag output is 375 ±80 mVDC. When invalid information is present (Flag IN
VIEW) the Flag will have an output is 0 ±25 mVDC.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 4-7
Rev. F
4.4.2.4
Superflags
213B
Pin Name
MAIN LATERAL SUPERFLAG
MAIN VERTICAL SUPERFLAG
Connector
P4001
P4001
Pin
17
18
I/O
Out
Out
The output supplies not less than 500 mA on a 28 volt system and 250 mA on a 14 volt system with the
output voltage not less than (AIRCRAFT POWER –1.5 VDC) when the flag is to be OUT OF VIEW.
The output voltage with respect to ground is less than 0.25 VDC when the flag is to be IN VIEW.
OBS
4.4.2.5
214B
Pin Name
MAIN OBS ROTOR C
MAIN OBS ROTOR H (GROUND)
MAIN OBS STATOR D
MAIN OBS STATOR E (2.5V COMMON OBS)
MAIN OBS STATOR F
MAIN OBS STATOR G (2.5V COMMON OBS)
Connector
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4001
Pin
31
32
33
34
35
36
I/O
Out
Out
In
Out
In
Out
MAIN OBS ROTOR C and H are a buffered output that is intended to drive the OBS rotors. MAIN OBS
STATOR D and MAIN OBS STATOR F are each phase and amplitude shifted version of the MAIN
ROTOR C output. Each pair is intended to read one of the two windings of the indicator’s OBS stator.
4.4.3
Main Indicator Configuration
12B
None.
4.4.4
Main Indicator Calibration and Checkout
12B
Refer to Section 5.3.11 for the main CDI/OBS checkout.
387H
4.4.5
Main Indicator Interconnect
123B
Refer to Figure H-7 for the generic main indicator interconnect. Refer to Figure H-8 for the interconnect
between a GNS 430W and a Bendix/King KI 209A. Refer to Figure H-9 for the interconnect between a
GPS 400W or GNC 420W and a Bendix/King KI 208A.
38H
389H
390H
Page 4-8
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
4.5
Annunciators/Switches
43B
Annunciators/Switches Function
4.5.1
124B
NOTE
Installations in conformance with the requirements specified in this installation manual
may not require the use of any external annunciators, since all annunciations are provided
on the 400W Series front panel. Refer to Section 2.5.1 to determine whether or not
external annunciators are required.
391H
4.5.1.1 Message Annunciate
When a new status message is available, the Message Annunciator flashes. When status messages remain
effective, the Message Annunciator illuminates.
215B
4.5.1.2 Waypoint Annunciate
The waypoint annunciator output is driven in the following manner:
216B
1. When the aircraft is within 10 seconds of reaching the turning point for a course change, the
waypoint annunciator flashes.
2. When the aircraft is in a turn, the waypoint annunciator illuminates and remains illuminated until
the turn is completed.
3. When a user arrival alarm is set and the aircraft is within the circle defined by the arrival alarm
radius at the arrival waypoint, the waypoint annunciator flashes for 10 seconds.
4. When a user arrival alarm is not set and the aircraft is within 10 seconds of reaching the arrival
waypoint, the waypoint annunciator flashes.
4.5.1.3 CDI SOURCE SELECT (GNS 430W Only)
This discrete input may be used to toggle between display of GPS and VOR/LOC/Glideslope information
on the MAIN external CDI/HSI. A momentary low on this pin performs the same function as pressing
the ‘CDI’ key on the GNS 430W bezel.
217B
4.5.1.4 VLOC ANNUNCIATE (GNS 430W Only)
This annunciator output is driven when the unit is configured with a single CDI/HSI and the VOR/ILS
data is being displayed on the CDI/HSI. This output parallels the VLOC annunciator on the display.
218B
4.5.1.5 GPS ANNUNCIATE (GNS 430W Only)
This annunciator output is driven when the unit is configured with a single CDI/HSI and the GPS data is
being displayed on the CDI/HSI. This output parallels the GPS annunciation on the display.
219B
4.5.1.6 OBS MODE SELECT
This discrete input may be used to toggle between GPS OBS and GPS AUTO modes of operation. A
momentary low on this pin performs the same function as pressing the ‘OBS’ key on the 400W Series
unit.
20B
4.5.1.7 OBS ANNUNCIATE
This annunciator output is driven to indicate GPS OBS mode of operation. This output is active when the
OBS or SUSP annunciation is on the display.
21B
4.5.1.8 TERMINAL ANNUNCIATE
When performing approach navigation, the terminal annunciator is illuminated when operating within 30
nautical miles of the departure or arrival airport and the CDI scale is the equivalent or 1.0 nm or less.
2B
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 4-9
Rev. F
4.5.1.9 APPROACH ANNUNCIATE
When performing approach navigation, the approach annunciator illuminates when approach is active.
23B
4.5.1.10 INTEGRITY ANNUNCIATE
The integrity annunciator illuminates when the GPS receiver detects a position error, or is unable to
calculate the integrity of the position.
24B
4.5.1.11 ILS/GPS APPROACH Output
The ILS/GPS Approach Output sinks 500 mA when:
25B
•
GPS navigation is selected and either a GPS approach mode is active or 0.3 nmi is selected for
the CDI full scale deflection; or
•
VLOC navigation is selected and an ILS channel has been selected.
This output may be connected to the ILS Engage input of an autopilot or flight director to provide higher
autopilot gain while the 400W Series unit is operating in the ILS or GPS Approach modes of operation.
4.5.1.12 DEMO MODE SELECT
This discrete input may be used to select Demo Mode on the 400W Series unit. A low on this pin at time
of unit power-up invokes the Demo Mode. Demo Mode allows the 400W Series unit to simulate
reception of GPS satellite signals.
26B
CAUTION
Do not connect DEMO MODE SELECT in an aircraft installation.
4.5.1.13 GPS SELECT
The GPS Select Output is driven low when GPS data is being displayed on the CDI/HSI and the ILS/GPS
Approach Output is not active. It is intended for use with autopilots having a GPS Select input (such as
the Bendix/King KAP 140 and KFC 225), so that the autopilot can capture vertical guidance while GPS
data is being displayed on the CDI/HSI.
27B
4.5.1.14 TIME MARK OUT
Time Mark Out is a time reference pulse output once per second, derived from GPS satellite signals.
28B
4.5.1.15 ANNUNCIATE ‘D’ AND ANNUNCIATE ‘E’
These annunciate outputs are used to control compatible traffic systems.
29B
4.5.1.16 COM REMOTE RECALL (Main software version 3.00 or later)
This discrete input may be used to scroll through a list of preset COM frequencies. A momentary low on
this pin will load the next preset frequency into the standby COM frequency.
230B
Page 4-10
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
4.5.2
Annunciators/Switches Electrical Characteristics
125B
4.5.2.1
Annunciators
231B
Pin Name
VLOC ANNUNCIATE
GPS ANNUNCIATE
WAYPOINT ANNUNCIATE
TERMINAL ANNUNCIATE
APPROACH ANNUNCIATE
MESSAGE ANNUNCIATE
OBS ANNUNCIATE
AUTO ANNUNCIATE
INTEGRITY ANNUNCIATE
GPS SELECT [1]
ILS/GPS APPROACH
Connector
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4001
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
13
14
I/O
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
[1] The Operation of the GPS SELECT can be configured. Refer to Section 5.3.3.
392H
All outputs sink up to 500 mA when activated.
Switch Inputs
4.5.2.2
23B
Pin Name
OBS MODE SELECT
CDI SOURCE SELECT
COM REMOTE RECALL [1]
DEMO MODE SELECT
Connector
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4001
Pin
71
73
74
75
I/O
In
In
In
In
[1] Main software version 3.00 or later
These inputs are considered active if either the voltage to ground is < 1.9 V or the resistance to ground is
< 375 Ω. These inputs are considered inactive if the voltage to ground is 11-33 VDC.
4.5.2.3
TIME MARK OUT
23B
Pin Name
TIME MARK OUT
Connector
P4001
Pin
16
I/O
Out
TIME MARK OUT outputs a 1 ms ± 1 μs wide pulse once every 1.0 s ± 2 ms. TIME MARK OUT is a
logic level output, capable of sourcing 1 mA at greater than 3.8 V and sinking 1 mA at less than 0.4 V.
4.5.3
Annunciators/Switches Configuration
126B
Refer to Section 5.3.3 for configuration of the GPS SELECT output.
39H
4.5.4
Annunciators/Switches Calibration and Checkout
127B
Refer to Section 5.3.9 for the annunciators/switches checkout.
394H
4.5.5
Annunciators/Switches Interconnect
128B
Refer to Appendix H for annunciators/switches interconnect information.
395H
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 4-11
Rev. F
4.6
Serial Data
4B
Serial Data Function
4.6.1
129B
4.6.1.1
RS-232
234B
The 400W Series unit is capable of interfacing with other aviation instruments by transmitting RS-232
Type 1 (often known as ARNAV format) and Type 2 (often known as Northstar format) data on the GPS
RS-232 OUT 1 port. The data consists of the following (refer to Appendix D for a detailed data format
description):
396H
•
Current latitude, longitude, and GPS altitude in feet (see Note below)
•
Current velocity vector (ground speed and direction of velocity vector over the ground)
•
Distance to waypoint
•
Cross track error
•
Desired track
•
Destination waypoint identifier
•
Bearing to destination waypoint
•
Magnetic variation
•
Navigation and warning status
•
Waypoint sequence in route
•
Waypoint position (latitude and longitude) and magnetic variation
NOTE
Aviation RS-232 data may be transmitted with or without the current GPS altitude in feet.
Refer to Section 0.
397H
The 400W Series unit can receive pressure altitude, air data, and fuel data from certain systems on the
GPS RS-232 IN 1 port.
The 400W Series unit can communicate with a Ryan TCAD 9900B system using the GPS RS-232 OUT 2
and GPS RS-232 IN 2 lines to display traffic information on the 400W Series unit.
If two 400W or 500W Series units are installed in an aircraft, the GPS RS-232 OUT 3 and GPS RS-232
IN 3 lines may be cross-connected to crossfill flight plans and user-defined waypoints from one 400W or
500W Series unit to the other.
NOTE
The 400W Series unit will crossfill with other GNS 400W/500W Series units only. It
will not crossfill with the GNS 480 or older GNS 400/500 Series units.
The 400W Series unit can communicate with an L3 Communications WX-500 Stormscope using the GPS
RS-232 OUT 4 and GPS RS-232 IN 4 lines to display lightning strike information on the 400W Series
unit.
Page 4-12
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
4.6.1.2 ARINC 429
The data output on the GPS ARINC 429 OUT port depends on the configuration (see Section 5.3.1).
Below is a list of the configurations and the labels output for each one:
235B
398H
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
ARINC 429
GAMA 429
GAMA 429 Graphics
GAMA 429 Graphics w/Int
GAMA 429 Pro Line 21
GAMA 429 Sextant
GAMA 429 Bendix King (Main software version 3.00 or later)
Label #
001
002
012
074G
075G
100
100P
113G
114
115
116
116G [2]
117G [1]
117P [1]
121
125
147G
251
251G
252
260G
261G
275G
300G
303
304G
305G
306G
307G
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
320
321
326G [2]
327G [1]
Parameter Name
Distance to Go (BCD)
Time to Go (BCD)
Ground Speed (BCD)
Data Record Header
Active Wpt From/To Data
Selected Course 1
Selected Course 1
Message Checksum
Desired Track (True)
Waypoint Bearing (True)
Cross Track Distance
Cross Track Distance
Vertical Deviation
Vertical Deviation
Horizontal Command (to Autopilot)
Greenwich Mean Time (BCD)
Magnetic Variation
Distance to Go
Distance to Go
Time to Go
Date (BCD)
GPS Discrete Word 1
LRN Status Word
Station Declination, Type, and Class
Message Length/Type/Number
Message Characters 1-3
Message Characters 4-6
NAV/Waypoint/Airport Latitude
NAV/Waypoint/Airport Longitude
Present Position Latitude
Present Position Longitude
Ground Speed
Track Angle (True)
True Heading
Wind Speed
Wind Angle (True)
Magnetic Heading
Drift Angle
Lateral Scale Factor
Vertical Scale Factor
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
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6
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7
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● ● ● ● ● ●
● ● ● ● ●
Page 4-13
Rev. F
Label #
330
331
332
333
334
335
340
351G
352G
371G
377
Parameter Name
Conic Arc Inbound Course
Conic Arc Radius
Conic Arc Course Change Angle
Airport Runway Azimuth
Airport Runway Length in Feet
Left/Right Hand Holding Pattern Azimuth
Left/Right Hand Procedure Turn Azimuth
Distance To Destination (Via Flight Plan)
Estimated Time To Destination (Via Flight Plan)
Specific Equipment ID
Equipment Hex ID Code
1 2 3
●
●
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●
●
●
●
● ●
● ●
● ●
● ● ●
4
●
●
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5 6 7
●
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●
●
●
●
[1] Labels 117G/117P and 327G are not transmitted in the default configurations. There is a
configuration setting that can be used to enable the transmission of these labels for the indicated
ARINC 429 output types. Refer to Section 5.3.1 for additional details.
39H
[2] Label 116G and 326G utilize the optional resolution extension bits (bits 11-13).
The following labels are output on the VOR/ILS ARINC 429 OUT port:
Label #
034G
035G
100G
173
174
222
371G
377
Parameter Name
VOR/ILS Frequency (BCD)
DME Frequency (BCD)
Selected Course #1
Localizer Deviation
Glideslope Deviation
VOR Omnibearing
Specific Equipment ID
Equipment Hex ID Code
The labels recognized on the GPS ARINC 429 IN 1 or GPS ARINC 429 IN 2 ports depend on the
configuration (see Section 5.3.1).
40H
The 400W Series unit can receive traffic data from a Garmin GTX 330 or an L3 Communications
SKY497 SkyWatch system using the GPS ARINC 429 IN 1 or GPS ARINC 429 IN 2 ports, in order to
display traffic information on the 400W Series unit.
Page 4-14
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
4.6.2
Serial Data Electrical Characteristics
4.6.2.1
130B
RS-232
236B
Pin Name
GPS RS-232 OUT 1
GPS RS-232 IN 1
GPS RS-232 OUT 2
GPS RS-232 IN 2
GPS RS-232 OUT 3
GPS RS-232 IN 3
GPS RS-232 OUT 4
GPS RS-232 IN 4
Connector
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4001
Pin
56
57
58
59
41
42
54
55
I/O
Out
In
Out
In
Out
In
Out
In
The RS-232 outputs conform to EIA Standard RS-232C with an output voltage swing of at least ± 5 V
when driving a standard RS-232 load.
ARINC 429
4.6.2.2
237B
Pin Name
GPS ARINC 429 OUT A
GPS ARINC 429 OUT B
GPS ARINC 429 IN 1 A
GPS ARINC 429 IN 1 B
GPS ARINC 429 IN 2 A
GPS ARINC 429 IN 2 B
VOR/ILS ARINC 429 OUT A
VOR/ILS ARINC 429 OUT B
VOR/ILS ARINC 429 IN A
VOR/ILS ARINC 429 IN B
Connector
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4001
P4006
P4006
P4006
P4006
Pin
46
47
48
49
50
51
24
23
36
35
I/O
Out
Out
In
In
In
In
Out
Out
In
In
The GPS and VOR/ILS ARINC 429 outputs conform to ARINC 429 electrical specifications when loaded
with up to 5 standard ARINC 429 receivers.
4.6.3
Serial Data Configuration
13B
Refer to Section 5.3 for serial data configuration information.
401H
4.6.4
Serial Data Calibration and Checkout
132B
Refer to Section 5.3 and Section 5.5.6 for the serial data checkout information.
402H
4.6.5
403H
Serial Data Interconnects
13B
Refer to for Appendix H for serial data interconnect information.
40H
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 4-15
Rev. F
4.7
COM/VOR/ILS Audio (GNC 420W and GNS 430W only)
45B
COM/VOR/ILS Audio Function
4.7.1
134B
Activation of COM MIC KEY enables COM MIC AUDIO and causes the transceiver to transmit.
500Ω COM AUDIO and 500Ω VOR/ILS AUDIO are 100 mW audio outputs that are intended to drive a
headset or an audio panel.
Momentarily depressing the COM REMOTE TRANSFER button toggles the active and standby COM
frequencies. Momentarily depressing the VLOC REMOTE TRANSFER button toggles the active and
standby VLOC frequencies.
The COM REMOTE TRANSFER input may be used for EMERGENCY operation of the COM
transmitter. If the remote transfer switch is depressed for two seconds, the active COM frequency
changes to 121.50 MHz. Once the emergency frequency is activated through COM REMOTE
TRANSFER, GNS 430W and GNC 420W COM transceivers with COM software version 4.01 or later
ignores inputs from the front panel controls for COM selections only. The pilot may exit this independent
mode—restoring COM selection control to the front panel knobs and buttons—by momentarily
depressing the COM REMOTE TRANSFER switch.
When TRANSMIT INTERLOCK is active, the GNC 420W or GNS 430W COM receiver sensitivity is
decreased. This input is intended to reduce interference from other transmitters in the aircraft. The
TRANSMIT INTERLOCK input should be connected to the PTT input of other transmitters in the
aircraft. If connected to multiple PTT inputs, these connections must include diode isolation or multiple
radios transmit simultaneously.
4.7.2
COM/VOR/ILS Audio Electrical Characteristics
4.7.2.1
135B
COM MIC Key
238B
Pin Name
COM MIC KEY
Connector
P4002
Pin
4
I/O
In
This input is considered active if either the voltage to ground is < 1.9 V or the resistance to ground is<
375 Ω. This input is considered inactive if the voltage to ground is 11-33 VDC.
4.7.2.2
COM MIC Audio, INTERCOM MIC Audio
239B
Pin Name
COM MIC AUDIO HI
COM MIC AUDIO LO
INTERCOM MIC HI
INTERCOM MIC LO
Connector
P4002
P4002
P4002
P4002
Pin
6
18
5
17
I/O
In
In
In
In
COM MIC AUDIO and INTERCOM MIC each have a 520 Ω AC input impedance and supply the
microphone with a 9 V bias through 620 Ω.
COM MIC AUDIO is set in the factory for 275 mVRMS to modulate the transmitter at 80% nominally.
The microphone gain adjustment is made through Configuration Mode.
When a 125 mVRMS signal at 1000 Hz is applied to the INTERCOM MIC input, the level on the COM
AUDIO output is not less than 7.07 VRMS.
Page 4-16
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
4.7.2.3
COM AUDIO, VOR/ILS AUDIO
240B
Pin Name
500Ω COM AUDIO HI
500Ω COM AUDIO LO
500Ω VOR/ILS AUDIO HI
500Ω VOR/ILS AUDIO LO
Connector
P4002
P4002
P4006
P4006
Pin
7
19
16
17
I/O
Out
Out
Out
Out
500Ω COM AUDIO and 500Ω VOR/ILS AUDIO each supply 100 mW into a 500 Ω load. These are
balanced outputs and the LO output must be connected.
500Ω COM AUDIO is the summation of the COM receiver audio, COM sidetone audio, and
INTERCOM MIC audio.
DISCRETE INPUTS
4.7.2.4
241B
Pin Name
TRANSMIT INTERLOCK
COM REMOTE TRANSFER
VLOC REMOTE TRANSFER
Connector
P4002
P4002
P4006
Pin
14
15
28
I/O
In
In
In
These inputs are considered active if either the voltage to ground is < 1.9 V or the resistance to ground is
< 375 Ω. These inputs are considered inactive if the voltage to ground is 11-33 VDC.
COM REMOTE TRANSFER and VLOC REMOTE TRANSFER are momentary inputs.
4.7.3
COM/VOR/ILS Audio Configuration
136B
None.
4.7.4
COM/VOR/ILS Audio Calibration and Checkout
137B
Refer to Section 5.3.12 for the COM calibration.
405H
4.7.5
COM/VOR/ILS Audio Interconnect
138B
Refer to Figure H-19 for the audio panel interconnect.
406H
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 4-17
Rev. F
4.8
VOR/ILS Indicator (GNS 430W Only)
46B
VOR/ILS Indicator Function
4.8.1
139B
NOTE
Because the GNS 430W includes a “CDI” button that performs switching between GPS
and VOR/ILS on a remote indicator, it is seldom necessary to use these outputs to drive
an indicator. It is only necessary when it is desired for a separate indicator to display
VOR/ILS deviation full-time (regardless of the “CDI” button status).
The VOR/ILS indicator displays both lateral and vertical, To/From indications, lateral and vertical flags
and superflags. GNS 430W connector P4006 always outputs the VOR/Localizer/Glideslope navigation
information. The VOR/ILS pins on GNS 430W connector P4006 are used to drive an indicator that
displays VOR/ILS information at all times, regardless of the CDI selection on the GNS 430W.
VOR/LOC COMPOSITE OUT is a standard VOR/Localizer Composite output signal which may be used
to drive the Left/Right, TO/FROM, and Flag indications of certain navigation indicators that contain an
internal converter.
The ILS ENERGIZE output goes low when the VLOC frequency is channeled to a localizer channel.
4.8.2
VOR/ILS Indicator Electrical Characteristics
4.8.2.1
140B
Superflags
24B
Pin Name
VOR/LOC SUPERFLAG
GLIDESLOPE SUPERFLAG
Connector
P4006
P4006
Pin
15
38
I/O
Out
Out
The output supplies not less than 500 mA on a 28 volt system and 250 mA on a 14 volt system with the
output voltage not less than (AIRCRAFT POWER - 3 VDC) when the flag is to be OUT OF VIEW. The
output voltage with respect to ground is less than 3 VDC when the flag is to be IN VIEW.
Deviation
4.8.2.2
243B
Pin Name
VOR/LOC +LEFT
VOR/LOC +RIGHT (VOR/LOC COMMON)
GLIDESLOPE +UP
GLIDESLOPE +DOWN/-FLAG (GLIDESLOPE
COMMON)
Connector
P4006
P4006
P4006
P4006
Pin
5
6
32
31
I/O
Out
Out
Out
Out
The deviation outputs are each capable of driving up to three 1000 Ω meter loads with ±150 mVDC
±10% with respect to 2.5V Common for full-scale deflection. The drive circuit provides for more than
full-scale deflection with a maximum course deviation output voltage of ±300 mVDC ±10%.
4.8.2.3
TO/FROM
24B
Pin Name
VOR/LOC +TO
VOR/LOC +FROM (VOR/LOC COMMON)
Connector
P4006
P4006
Pin
1
2
I/O
Out
Out
The output is capable of driving up to three 200 Ω meter loads. When indicating TO, the output is +225
±75 mVDC. When indicating FROM, output is -225 ±75 mVDC. When invalid information is present
(Flag IN VIEW) the TO/FROM output is 0 ±10 mVDC.
Page 4-18
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
4.8.2.4
Flag
245B
Pin Name
VOR/LOC +FLAG
VOR/LOC -FLAG (VOR/LOC COMMON)
GLIDESLOPE +FLAG
GLIDESLOPE +DOWN/-FLAG (GLIDESLOPE
COMMON)
Connector
P4006
P4006
P4006
P4006
Pin
3
4
30
31
I/O
Out
Out
Out
Out
The Flag output is capable of driving up to three 1000 Ω meter loads. When valid information is present
(Flag OUT OF VIEW) the Flag output is 375 ±80 mVDC. When invalid information is present (Flag IN
VIEW) the Flag output is 0 ±25 mVDC.
4.8.2.5
OBS
246B
Pin Name
VOR OBS ROTOR C
VOR OBS ROTOR H (GROUND)
VOR OBS STATOR D
VOR OBS STATOR F
VOR OBS STATOR E/G (VOR/LOC
COMMON)
Connector
P4006
P4006
P4006
P4006
P4006
Pin
9
10
13
12
11
I/O
Out
Out
In
In
Out
VOR OBS ROTOR C and H are a buffered 500 Hz output that is intended to drive the OBS rotors. VOR
OBS STATOR D and VOR OBS STATOR F are each phase and amplitude shifted version of the VOR
ROTOR C output. Each pair is intended to read one of the two windings of the indicator’s OBS stator.
VOR/LOC COMPOSITE
4.8.2.6
247B
Pin Name
VOR/LOC COMPOSITE OUT
Connector
P4006
Pin
8
I/O
Out
With a Standard VOR Test Signal applied, VOR/LOC COMPOSITE OUT is 0.5 ±0.1 VRMS into a 10
kΩ load. With a Standard Localizer Centering Test Signal applied, VOR/LOC COMPOSITE OUT is
0.350 ±0.05 VRMS into a 10 kΩ load.
4.8.2.7
ILS ENERGIZE
248B
Pin Name
ILS ENERGIZE
Connector
P4006
Pin
29
I/O
Out
The driver output voltage is not more than 1.0 V when sinking 20 mA. The maximum off state leakage
current with respect to GND is less than 10 μA.
4.8.3
VOR/ILS Indicator Configuration
14B
None.
4.8.4
VOR/ILS Indicator Calibration and Checkout
142B
Refer to Sections 5.3.14 and 5.3.15 for the VOR/LOC/GS checkout.
407H
4.8.5
408H
VOR/ILS Indicator Interconnect
143B
Refer to Figure H-20 for the VOR/ILS indicator interconnect.
409H
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 4-19
Rev. F
4.9
RMI/OBI
47B
RMI/OBI Function
4.9.1
14B
The MAIN OBI output provides bearing information from the active waypoint for Bendix/King Serial
OBI devices based upon the 400W Series unit’s GPS navigation. For the GNS 430W, the MAIN OBI
output may be configured so that it sends VOR/ILS bearing information when VLOC is selected by the
GNS 430W CDI key.
The VOR OBI output provides bearing information from the currently tuned VOR station for
Bendix/King Serial OBI devices based upon the GNS 430W VOR receiver. When a localizer channel is
tuned on the VLOC window, there is a bit in the data stream set to indicate that a localizer frequency is
tuned which stows the needle or drives it to the 3 o’clock position.
4.9.2
RMI/OBI Electrical Characteristics
145B
Pin Name
Connector
P4001
P4001
P4001
Pin
43
45
44
I/O
Out
Out
Out
Pin Name
Connector
P4006
P4006
P4006
Pin
25
26
27
I/O
Out
Out
Out
MAIN OBI CLOCK
MAIN OBI SYNC
MAIN OBI DATA
VOR OBI CLOCK
VOR OBI SYNC
VOR OBI DATA
The output driver is active low. The driver output voltage is not more than 1.0 V when sinking 20 mA.
The maximum off state leakage current with respect to ground is less than 10 μA.
4.9.3
RMI/OBI Configuration
146B
For the GNS 430W, refer to Section 5.3.11 for the MAIN OBI source configuration.
410H
4.9.4
RMI/OBI Calibration and Checkout
147B
Refer to Section 5.5.6.11 for calibration and checkout.
41H
4.9.5
RMI/OBI Interconnect
148B
Refer to Figure H-21 for the RMI/OBI interconnect.
412H
Page 4-20
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
4.10
DME Tuning (GNS 430W Only)
48B
4.10.1 DME Tuning Function
149B
The GNS 430W can channel a DME based on the tuned VLOC frequency. The GNS 430W outputs 2 of
5, BCD or Slip parallel DME and King Serial DME channeling format. When DME COMMON is held
low, the GNS 430W actively tunes the DME.
4.10.2 DME Tuning Electrical Characteristics
150B
4.10.2.1 Parallel DME Tuning
249B
Pin Name
NAV PAR DME - 8MHZ
SER DME – CHAN REQ/PAR DME – 4 MHz
SER DME – RNAV MODE/PAR DME – 2 MHz
NAV PAR DME – 1 MHz
NAV PAR DME – 800 kHz
NAV PAR DME – 400 kHz
NAV PAR DME – 200 kHz
NAV PAR DME – 100 kHz
NAV PAR DME – 50 kHz
NAV DME COMMON
Connector
P4006
P4006
P4006
P4006
P4006
P4006
P4006
P4006
P4006
P4006
Pin
14
20
21
33
37
39
40
42
43
22
I/O
Out
Out*
Out*
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
Out
In
* These pins are outputs when the GNS 430W is configured for 2 of 5 parallel DME tuning.
For each of the parallel DME tuning discrete outputs, the driver output voltage is not more than 1.0 V
while sinking 20 mA. The maximum off state leakage current with respect to ground is less than 10 μA.
NAV DME COMMON must be pulled low to indicate to the NAV module that it is the device channeling
the DME.
NAV DME COMMON is considered active if either the voltage to ground is < 1.9 V or the resistance to
ground is< 375 Ω. These inputs are considered inactive if the voltage to ground is 11-33 VDC.
4.10.2.2 King Serial DME Tuning
250B
Pin Name
NAV SER DME - DATA
NAV SER DME - CLOCK
SER DME – CHAN REQ/PAR DME - 4MHZ
SER DME – RNAV MODE/PAR DME – 2MHZ
NAV DME COMMON
Connector
P4006
P4006
P4006
P4006
P4006
Pin
19
18
20
21
22
I/O
Out
Out
In*
In*
In
* These pins are inputs when the GNS 430W is configured for King Serial DME tuning
When NAV SER DME – DATA or NAV SER DME – CLOCK is asserted high and driving a 360 Ω load,
the driver output voltage is not less than 8 V, and when asserted low shall not be greater than 10 mV.
SER DME – CHAN REQ/PAR DME – 4MHZ, SER DME – RNAV MODE/PAR DME – 2MHz, and
NAV DME COMMON are considered active if either the voltage to ground is < 1.9 V or the resistance to
ground is< 375 Ω. These inputs are considered inactive if the voltage to ground is 11-33 VDC.
NAV DME COMMON must be pulled low to indicate to the NAV module that it is the device channeling
the DME.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 4-21
Rev. F
4.10.3 DME Tuning Configuration
15B
Refer to Section 5.3.14 for the DME tuning configuration.
413H
4.10.4 DME Tuning Calibration and Checkout
152B
None.
4.10.5 DME Tuning Interconnect References
153B
Refer to Appendix H for interconnect information.
41H
NOTE
For the GNS 430W to tune a Narco DME 890 or IDME 891 or an ARC (Cessna)
RTA-476A using parallel 2 of 5, unique wiring and configuration are required. Refer to
5.3.14 and Figure H-24.
415H
Page 4-22
Rev. F
416H
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
5. POST INSTALLATION CONFIGURATION & CHECKOUT PROCEDURES
4B
Once the 400W Series unit has been installed, configure the unit for the particular installation and then
complete the checkout procedures herein to verify proper operation. The steps that are not applicable to a
particular installation may be skipped. A checkout log is included in Table 5-1 at the end of this section
and is to be filled out during the checkout procedures. The completed checkout log sheet should be
maintained with the aircraft permanent records.
417H
5.1
Mounting and Wiring Check
49B
Verify that all cables are properly secured and shields are connected as the install drawings indicate.
Installation may require that you check the movement of the aircraft controls to verify that there is no
interference.
5.2 Connector Engagement Check
50B
Prior to the configuration and checkout of the 400W Series unit the connector engagement should be
checked as described below:
1. Turn on the 400W Series unit, and turn on the avionics master switch (if applicable).
2. Place the 400W Series unit in the rack and engage the pawl mechanism.
3. Turn the Allen screw of the locking pawl slowly clockwise until the 400W Series unit just comes
on. A “T” handle makes the turns easy to count, but do not over-tighten.
4. Count the number of complete revolutions you can turn the Allen screw until it can not turn any
more (but take care not to over-tighten). Three turns is the minimum for proper installation. If
fewer than three turns are possible, the mounting rack should be moved aft (toward the pilot) such
that the aircraft panel does not obstruct the unit from engaging in the rack.
5.3
Configuration Mode Operations
51B
With power applied to the aviation rack and the 400W Series unit turned off, press and hold the ENT key
and turn the unit on. Release the ENT key when the display activates. After the Data Base and
Instrument Panel Self-test pages, the first page displayed is the MAIN ARINC 429 CONFIG page. While
in Configuration Mode, pages can be selected by ensuring the cursor is off and rotating the small right
knob.
To change data on the displayed Configuration Page, press the small right knob (CRSR) to turn on the
cursor. Rotate the large right knob to change between data fields. Rotate the small right knob to change a
field that the cursor is on. Once you have made the desired selection, press the ENT key to accept the
entry.
The Configuration Pages described in the following sections are in the order found when rotating the right
small knob clockwise starting at the MAIN ARINC 429 CONFIG page.
NOTE
The configuration pages shown here reflect Main Software version 2.00. Some
differences in operation may be observed when comparing the information in this manual
to later software versions. All configuration pages shown apply to the GNS 430W, but
not all apply to the GPS 400W or GNC 420W. Those pages and fields that apply only to
certain 400W Series units are denoted as such.
NOTE
If any changes made in configuration mode are done on ARINC 429 or RS-232 pages,
the unit must be reset for the changes to take effect. This is accomplished by powering
the unit off and then back on.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 5-1
Rev. F
5.3.1
MAIN ARINC 429 CONFIG Page
154B
Select the MAIN ARINC 429 CONFIG Page (see
Figure 5-1). This page configures the GPS ARINC 429
output port, and the two GPS ARINC 429 input ports.
The two input ports can each be configured
independently for the desired function(s).
418H
Figure 5-1. MAIN ARINC 429 CONFIG Page
SPEED
Selection
Description
Low
Standard low-speed ARINC 429 (nominally 12.5 kilobits per second)
High
High-speed ARINC 429 (nominally 100 kilobits per second)
NOTE
Interfacing systems listed in the following tables are provided for reference only. Refer
to Appendix G to determine if the interface to a particular system is approved under the
400W/500W Series AML STC.
419H
Page 5-2
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
DATA IN 1, DATA IN 2
Selection
Off
Airdata
Airdata/AHRS
EFIS
EFIS/Airdata
Flight Control
Garmin GAD 42
Garmin GDU [1]
Garmin GTX 330
Honeywell EFIS
INS/IRU
RADAR Graphics
Sandel EHSI
Traffic Advisory
Description
No unit connected to this ARINC 429 input
Altitude, temperature, and speed information from the following Air Data
systems:
B & D 2600, 2601, 2800, 90004-003
Bendix/King KAD 280/480, Shadin ADC 2000
Heading, altitude, temperature, and speed information from an Air Data/AHRS
system.
Selected course, heading, and joystick waypoint information from the following
EFIS systems:
Bendix/King EFS 40/50
Certain versions of Collins EFIS may also be compatible with this format.
Selected course, heading, joystick waypoint, altitude, temperature, and speed
information from the following systems:
Collins Pro Line 21
Bendix/King EFS 40/50 (with SW 1201 or later)
Selected course information from the following Flight Control systems:
Bendix/King KFC 400
Selected course, heading, and true airspeed data from the Garmin GAD 42.
Selected course, heading, altitude, temperature and speed information from
the following systems:
Garmin G600
Garmin and Garmin w/TIS
This is a Garmin data concentration format. Only high speed ARINC 429
should be used.
Garmin GTX 330
Selected course, heading, and joystick waypoint information from the following
EFIS systems:
Honeywell Primus 1000
Heading information from the following Inertial systems:
Bendix/King KAH 460
Collins AHC 85
Honeywell Laseref
Litef LTR 81
Litton LTN 90-100, LTN 91, LTN 92
Joystick waypoint information from a RADAR graphics unit.
Selected course and heading information from the following EHSI system:
Sandel SN3308
Sandel SN3500
Traffic information from the following traffic advisory systems:
L3 Communications SKY497 SkyWatch
L3 Communications SKY899 SkyWatch HP
Bendix/King KTA-870, KMH880
[1] Main software version 3.10 or later
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 5-3
Rev. F
DATA OUT
Selection [2]
Off
ARINC 429
GAMA 429
Description
No unit(s) connected to ARINC 429 output
Standard ARINC 429 output data (non-GAMA).
ARINC 429 data as defined by the General Aviation Manufacturers’ Association
(GAMA) General Aviation Subset, 2nd Edition. The output data includes navigation and
flight plan information to the following systems:
Garmin GAD 42 Interface Adapter
Bendix/King EFS 40/50 (No GPS vertical guidance provided)
Collins EFIS 84
Certain other versions of Collins EFIS may also be compatible with this format.
ARINC 429 data as defined by the GAMA General Aviation Subset, 2nd Edition. The
GAMA 429
output data includes navigation, flight plan and GPS vertical guidance information to the
Bendix King [1]
following systems:
Bendix/King EFS 40/50 (GPS vertical guidance provided on EFIS)
nd
GAMA 429 Graphics ARINC 429 data as defined by the GAMA General Aviation Subset, 2 Edition including
GAMA Graphics Protocol ‘A’. This format outputs intersection symbols as generic
waypoint symbols. The output data includes navigation and flight plan information
(including graphical representation of flight plan procedures) to the following EFIS
systems:
Honeywell Primus 1000
nd
GAMA 429 Graphics ARINC 429 data as defined by the GAMA General Aviation Subset, 2 Edition including
GAMA Graphics Protocol ‘A’. The output data includes navigation and flight plan
w/Int
information (including graphical representation of flight plan procedures) to the following
systems:
Sandel SN3308
Sandel SN3500
ARINC 429 data as defined by the GAMA General Aviation Subset, 2nd Edition. The
GAMA 429
output data includes navigation and flight plan information to the following EFIS
Pro Line 21
systems:
Collins Pro Line 21
ARINC 429 data as defined by the GAMA General Aviation Subset, 2nd Edition. The
GAMA 429 Sextant
output data includes navigation and flight plan information to the following EFIS
systems:
Sextant SMD 45
[1] Main software version 3.00 or later
[2] Garmin GTX 330 will work with any output setting
SDI
Selection
Common
LNAV 1
LNAV 2
Page 5-4
Rev. F
Description
RX: Accepts all 429 inputs
TX: Generates all 429 outputs with SDI = 0.
Number 1 (Pilot) long-range navigator
RX: Accepts 429 inputs with SDI = 0 or 1.
TX: Generates all 429 outputs with SDI = 1.
Number 2 (Copilot) long-range navigator
RX: Accepts 429 inputs with SDI = 0 or 2.
TX: Generates all 429 outputs with SDI = 2.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
VNAV
Selection
Disable Labels
Enable Labels
5.3.2
Description
ARINC 429 labels associated with GPS-based vertical guidance (labels 117G and
327G) are not transmitted in the output data stream.
ARINC 429 labels associated with GPS-based vertical guidance (labels 117G and
327G) are transmitted in the output data stream. ARINC 429 vertical guidance labels
are used by the following systems:
Sandel SN3500
Other systems may also use these labels.
MAIN RS-232 CONFIG Page
15B
Select the MAIN RS-232 CONFIG Page (see Figure 5-2).
Change the selectable RS-232 inputs and/or outputs to
match that of the equipment installed in the aircraft.
420H
Figure 5-2. MAIN RS-232 CONFIG Page
NOTE
Interfacing systems listed in the following tables are provided for reference only. Refer
to Appendix G to determine if the interface to a particular system is approved under the
400W/500W Series AML STC.
421H
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 5-5
Rev. F
CHANNEL INPUTS
Selection
Off
Arnav/ei-fuel
Crossfill
GDL 69
Icarus-alt
Ryan TCAD
Shadin-adc
Shadin-alt
Shadin-fadc
Shadin-fuel
WX-500
Page 5-6
Rev. F
Description
No unit(s) connected to input of this channel.
Serial fuel flow information from the following units:
ARNAV FC-10, FT-10
Electronics International FP-5L
Serial transfer of flight plans and user waypoints between two 400W/500W
Series units
Serial data input for in-flight access to weather and messaging from the
following units:
Garmin GDL 69/69A
Serial altitude data from the following units:
Icarus Instruments 3000
Sandia SAE5-35
Garmin GTX 327 Transponder
Trans-Cal Industries IA-RS232-X, SSD120
ACK Technologies A-30 (Mod 8 and above)
Traffic information from a Ryan TCAD 9900B or 9900BX Series system.
Serial air data information from the following units:
Shadin ADC 200, 200+, 2000
Serial altitude data from the following units:
Shadin 8800T, 9000T, 9200T
Serial air data and fuel flow information from the following units:
Shadin 9628XX-X Fuel/Air Data Computer
INSIGHT TAS 1000 Air Data Computer
Serial fuel flow information from the following units:
Shadin 91053XM Digital Fuel Management System
Shadin 91204XM Digital Fuel Management System
JP Instruments EDM-700 or EDM-760 Engine Monitor
Lightning strike information from an L3 Communications WX-500
Stormscope.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
CHANNEL OUTPUTS
Selection
Off
Aviation
Description
No unit(s) connected to output of this channel
Serial position, altitude, velocity, and navigation data to the following
units:
Argus 3000, 5000, or 7000 Moving Map
Electronics International FP-5L Fuel Flow Computer (non-TSO’d)
Garmin MX20 (V5.6 or later), GMX 200 [1]
Garmin GPSMAP 195, GPSMAP 295 or GPS III Pilot
Garmin GPSMAP 196, GPSMAP 296, and GPSMAP 396
Garmin GTX 327 Transponder
JP Instruments EDM-700 or EDM-760 Engine Monitor
Shadin 91204XM Digital Fuel Management System
Shadin 91053XM Digital Fuel Management System
Shadin 9628XX-X Fuel/Air Data Computer
Stormscope Series II (with NAVAID) Moving Map
Avtn no alt
Serial position, velocity, and navigation data to the following units:
Garmin MX20 (V5.5 or earlier)
Horizon DDMP
INSIGHT TAS 1000 Air Data Computer
Serial transfer of flight plans and user waypoints between two
400W/500W Series units
Serial communication to a Garmin GDL 69/69A.
Serial communication to a Bendix/King (Honeywell) KGP 560
EGPWS.
Serial position, altitude, velocity, and navigation data to the following
units:
Garmin MX20 (V5.7 or later), GMX 200 [2]
Serial communication with a Ryan TCAD 9900B Series system.
Serial communication to an L3 Communications WX-500 Stormscope.
Crossfill
GDL 69
HW EGPWS [3]
MapMX [2] [3]
Ryan TCAD
WX-500
[1] The MX20 will not use GPS altitude from the 400W Series unit. The GMX200 will use the GPS
altitude.
[2] Use of the MapMX protocol supports enhanced flight plan depiction and automatic loading of charts
on the MX20 and GMX 200. MapMX is only available with main software version 3.10 or later.
[3] Due to hardware limitations, selecting MapMX or HW EGPWS on an RS-232 output port prevents
anything from being configured on the corresponding input port.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 5-7
Rev. F
5.3.3
MAIN SYSTEM CONFIG
156B
Select the MAIN SYSTEM CONFIG Page (see Figure
5-3). This page allows you to configure the Fuel,
Terrain, and Discretes options.
42H
Figure 5-3. MAIN SYSTEM CONFIG Page
Fuel
Select Fuel in the CONFIGURE field to select the FUEL TYPE (AV Gas, Jet A, or Jet B)
Selection
Description
AV gas
The aircraft is using Aviation gas (5.8 lbs./gal.)
Jet A
The aircraft is using Jet A or Jet A-1 fuel (6.7 lbs./gal.)
Jet B
The aircraft is using Jet B (JP-4) fuel (6.5 lbs./gal.)
Terrain
Select Terrain in the CONFIGURE field to select the
TERRAIN TYPE (NONE or TERRAIN).
To test the Terrain Data Card, highlight the TEST CARD
field and press the ENT key. Verify that the TEST
CARD field indicates “PASS”. A “FAIL” condition
indicates that the Terrain Data Card is unusable.
Figure 5-4. MAIN SYSTEM CONFIG Page
Selection
Description
None
No terrain functionality.
TERRAIN
The unit is configured for TERRAIN capability.
Page 5-8
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Discretes
Select Discretes in the CONFIGURE field to configure
the operation of specific discrete outputs.
Figure 5-5. MAIN SYSTEM CONFIG Page
GPS Select
Selection
Auto
Prompt
Description
When in GPS mode, the GPS Select discrete is unasserted (open)
whenever a GPS approach mode is active – no associated messages
appear and no pilot action is required. The pilot is also allowed to
select automatic or manual GPS to ILS CDI transitions on the AUX
CDI/ALARMS page.
When in GPS mode, the GPS Select discrete is unasserted (open)
whenever a GPS approach mode is active and the pilot has enabled
the A/P APR Outputs (an associated message is displayed telling the
pilot to enable the A/P APR Outputs). This setting will not allow the
pilot to select automatic GPS to ILS CDI transitions on the AUX
CDI/ALARMS page (only manual transitions are permitted).
For Honeywell (Bendix/King) KFC 225 and KAP 140 autopilots.
NOTE
The GPS SELECT setting affects autopilot mode transitions and must be reflected in the
AFMS. Refer to Section 5.8 for details.
423H
COM Presets (Main software version 3.00 or later)
Selection
Disabled
Enabled
Description
The COM Configuration Aux page is not available to the pilot.
The COM Remote Recall discrete input is connected in the installation
(refer to 4.5.1.16 for additional details). When COM presets are
enabled, the user is able to preset COM frequencies and load them
into the standby COM frequency using a remote switch.
42H
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 5-9
Rev. F
5.3.4
MAIN INPUTS 1 Page
157B
Select the MAIN INPUTS 1 Page (see Figure 5-6). This page
(along with the MAIN INPUTS 2 Page) allows you to monitor
the data on ARINC 429, RS-232 and other electrical inputs.
This is used for verifying electrical interfaces during
installation and troubleshooting. Information that is not being
received by the 400W Series unit is dashed out.
425H
Figure 5-6. MAIN INPUTS 1 Page
Field
OAT
SAT
TAT
IAS
TAS
WSPD
HDG
WDIR
B ALT
D ALT
P ALT
5.3.5
Description
Outside Air Temperature
Static Air Temperature
Total Air Temperature
Indicated Airspeed
True Airspeed
Wind Speed
Heading (True or Magnetic)
Wind Direction
Barometric-corrected Altitude
Density Altitude
Pressure Altitude
MAIN INPUTS 2 Page
158B
Select the MAIN INPUTS 2 Page (Figure 5-7). This page is
also used for verifying electrical interfaces during installation
and troubleshooting. Information that is not being received by
the 400W Series unit is dashed out.
426H
Figure 5-7. MAIN INPUTS 2 Page
Field
Description
L FF
Left Engine Fuel Flow
R FF
Right Engine Fuel Flow
T FF
Total Fuel Flow
T FOB
Total Fuel on Board
GPS SC
GPS Selected Course
VLC SC
VOR/LOC Selected Course (GNS 430W Only)
JOYSTICK WPT
Latitude and longitude of a joystick waypoint sent by an EFIS or RADAR
indicator.
Status of the CDI key (GNS 430W Only)
CDI
Page 5-10
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
5.3.6
INSTRUMENT PANEL SELF-TEST Page
159B
Select the INSTRUMENT PANEL SELF-TEST Page (see
Figure 5-8). This page allows verification that the 400W
Series unit is communicating properly with other
instruments. Compare on-screen indications with the
information depicted on connected instruments, such as the
CDI, HSI, RMI and/or external annunciators. It also
displays fuel capacity, amount on-board, and flow.
427H
Figure 5-8. INSTRUMENT PANEL
SELF-TEST Page
5.3.7
MAIN LIGHTING Page
160B
Select the MAIN LIGHTING Page (see Figure 5-9). This
page allows you to set display parameters that affect the
display backlight and key lighting brightness. The
DISPLAY and KEY lighting characteristics are adjusted
separately, each with the following fields:
428H
LIGHTING
Figure 5-9. MAIN LIGHTING Page
Shows the current level of display backlighting, based on
the lighting input source (lighting bus voltage, or the ambient light if the source is PHOTO) and the
settings on this configuration page. This field has a range of 0 (zero) to 9999.
SOURCE
Selection
Description
PHOTO
Backlight level is determined by the ambient light level as measured
by the photocell on the 400W Series unit.
14V DC
Backlight level tracks a 14 volt DC aircraft lighting bus.
28V DC
Backlight level tracks a 28 volt DC aircraft lighting bus.
5V DC
Backlight level tracks a 5 volt DC aircraft lighting bus.
5V AC
Backlight level tracks a 5 volt AC aircraft lighting bus.
RESP TIME - (Response Time)
Sets the speed with which the brightness responds to the input level (bus voltage or ambient light)
changes. The higher the number the slower the display responds. This field has a range of 3 to 7, and is
set to 4 at the factory.
MIN - (Minimum)
Sets the minimum brightness of the display. The higher the number, the brighter the minimum
brightness. Display minimum brightness has a range of 35 to 999, and is set to 80 at the factory. Key
minimum brightness has a range of 20 to 99, and is set to 40 at the factory. It is prudent to verify that
display and key lighting characteristics match those of other equipment in the panel under night lighting
conditions.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 5-11
Rev. F
SLOPE
Sets the sensitivity of the display brightness in proportion to changes in the input level. The higher the
number, the brighter the display is for a given increase in the input level. This field has a range of 0
(zero) to 99, and is set to 50 at the factory.
OFFSET
Adjusts the lighting level up or down for any given input level. This field has a range of 0 (zero) to 99,
and is set to 50 at the factory. This may also be used to match lighting curves with other equipment in the
panel.
Figure 5-10. MAIN LIGHTING Page
(Display Lighting from Lighting Bus)
NOTE
If a lighting bus (any selection other than PHOTO) is selected, and the lighting bus
control is turned to its minimum (daytime) setting, the display brightness tracks the 400W
Series unit’s photocell using additional parameters (PHOTO TRANS % and PHOTO
SLP/OFFST) described below.
PHOTO TRANS % - (Photocell Transition Percentage) When a lighting bus is used to control the
lighting of the display (see Figure 5-10), this parameter sets the point on the lighting bus control below
which the display brightness tracks the 400W Series unit’s photocell. This field has a range of 0 (zero) to
99, and is set to 25 at the factory.
429H
PHOTO SLP/OFFST - (Photocell Slope/Offset)
These fields are equivalent to the SLOPE/OFFSET fields described above, with the exception that they
only control the display lighting characteristics when the lighting bus control is below the level specified
in the PHOTO TRANS % field. Both fields have a range of 0 (zero) to 99, and are set to 50 at the
factory.
5.3.8
GPS DATE/TIME SETUP Page
16B
This page displays the GPS date and time. (see Figure
5-11).
430H
Figure 5-11. DATE/TIME SETUP Page
Page 5-12
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
5.3.9
MAIN DISCRETE INPUTS Page
162B
Select the MAIN DISCRETE INPUTS Page (see Figure
5-12) if the encoding altimeter input is used. Verify that
the DECODED ALTITUDE field indicates the correct
altitude.
431H
GRAY CODE
If the encoding altimeter input is used, verify that the
DECODED ALTITUDE field indicates the correct
altitude.
Figure 5-12. MAIN DISCRETE INPUTS Page
EXTERNAL SWITCH STATE
This allows you to verify the operation of any external switches that are present in the installation.
Selection
Verify That:
RMT OBS
RMT CDI
RMT RCL [1]
The box is filled in while a remote OBS switch is pressed.
The box is filled in while a remote CDI source select switch is pressed.
The box is filled in while the COM remote recall switch is pressed.
[1] Main software version 3.00 or later
5.3.10 MAIN DISCRETE OUTPUTS Page
163B
Select the MAIN DISCRETE OUTPUTS Page (see
Figure 5-13). This page allows you to verify the
operation of any external annunciators and switches that
are present in the installation.
432H
Figure 5-13. MAIN DISCRETE OUTPUTS Page
DISCRETE TOGGLE
Selection
APR
GPS
INTEG
MSG
OBS
TERM
VLOC
WPT
ILS/GPS APR
GPS SELECT
Verify That:
The APR annunciator is active and inactive as selected on this page.
The GPS source select annunciator is active and inactive as selected
on this page.
The INTEG annunciator is active and inactive as selected on this
page.
The MSG annunciator is active and inactive as selected on this page.
The OBS annunciator is active and inactive as selected on this page.
The TERM annunciator is active and inactive as selected on this page.
The VLOC source select annunciator is active and inactive as selected
on this page.
The WPT annunciator is active and inactive as selected on this page.
The ILS/GPS APPROACH output is active and inactive as selected on
this page (NOTE: This output is connected to the autopilot ILS
ENGAGE input, not to an annunciation, and therefore this is for bench
testing purposes only).
The GPS SELECT output is active and inactive as selected on this
page (NOTE: This output is connected to the autopilot GPS SELECT
input, not to an annunciation, and therefore this is for bench testing
purposes only).
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 5-13
Rev. F
5.3.11 MAIN CDI/OBS CONFIG Page
164B
Select the MAIN CDI/OBS CONFIG Page (see Figure
5-14). This page allows you to verify the MAIN CDI
outputs, both lateral (LAT) and vertical (VERT), and
verify and calibrate the MAIN OBS input. Using the
controls on the 400W Series unit front panel, make the
selections below and verify the interfaces as appropriate:
43H
Figure 5-14. MAIN CDI/OBS CONFIG Page
CDI (LAT/VERT)
Selection
Max left
Full left
Center
Full right
Max right
Verify That:
The CDI is “pegged” to the left.
The CDI is deflected full scale to the left.
The CDI is centered.
The CDI is deflected full scale to the right.
The CDI is “pegged” to the right.
NAV FLAG (LAT/VERT)
Selection
Hidden
In view
Verify That:
The LAT/VERT flag is hidden.
The LAT/VERT flag is in view.
TO-FROM
Selection
FROM
Hidden
TO
Verify That:
The FROM flag is in view.
The TO/FROM flag is hidden.
The TO flag is in view.
SELECTED COURSE
Select 150° on the CDI/HSI that is connected to the 400W Series unit’s MAIN OBS inputs. The
SELECTED COURSE field indicates near to 150° and a Calibrate to 150°? field appears. Selecting
this field calibrates the 400W Series unit to match the input source. Verify OBS operation by checking
that the course displayed on the 400W Series unit is within 2° of the selected course. Do this at 30°
intervals around the OBS card.
NOTE
If it is desired to ignore a selected course input (either analog resolver or ARINC 429) for
GPS operation in OBS mode, press MENU on the MAIN CDI/OBS CONFIG page and
select “Ignore SEL CRS for GPS?”. When OBS mode is selected, the selected course is
entered on the controls of the 400W Series unit. If ignoring the selected course input
such that the VOR valid flag is dependent only on a valid VOR signal, with lateral
deviation calculated by another display device, press MENU on the MAIN CDI/OBS
CONFIG page and select “Ignore SEL CRS for VLOC?”.
Page 5-14
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
CDI (GNS 430W Only)
Selection
GPS
VLOC
Description
The GNS 430W CDI button is in the GPS state, and the GPS
ANNUNCIATE output is active. This annunciator output may be
required to be active for some installations.
The GNS 430W CDI button is in the VLOC state, and the VLOC
ANNUNCIATE output is active.
NOTE
If it is desired to disable the GNS 430W CDI key, press MENU on the MAIN CDI/OBS
CONFIG page and select “Ignore CDI Key?”. This causes the field above the CDI key to
always display GPS, regardless of CDI key presses. This may be necessary for certain
EFIS systems where navigation sensor selection must be accomplished on the EFIS or its
control panel.
OBI SOURCE (GNS 430W Only)
Selection
Always GPS
Track CDI
Description
The MAIN King Serial OBI outputs are always GPS. This is useful if it
is desired to switch a Bendix/King KI 229 or KNI 582 RMI pointer
independently from the GNS 430W CDI button.
The MAIN King Serial OBI outputs are GPS or VOR, and switchable
by the GNS 430W CDI button. This is useful if it is desired the
Bendix/King KI 229 or KNI 582 RMI pointer to display the same
navigation source as the GNS 430W CDI outputs.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 5-15
Rev. F
5.3.12 COM SETUP Page (GNC 420W and GNS 430W Only)
165B
Select the COM SETUP Page (see Figure 5-15). These
values are set at the factory and seldom require
calibration.
FREQ
Selects a VHF communication frequency. For purposes
of setting the squelch and sidetone levels, only the
frequencies 118.000, 127.000, and 136.975 MHz can be
used.
SPACING
43H
Figure 5-15. COM SETUP Page
Selection
Description
25.0 kHz
Selects traditional 25 kilohertz spacing (760 channel).
8.33 kHz
Selects 8.33 kilohertz channel spacing, which is required in some
areas of the world.
CAUTION
8.33 kHz channels are not authorized for use in the United States.
SQ 250
Sets the squelch threshold for 25 kHz channel spacing operation. May be set to any value between 0
(zero) and 63. The higher the number, the less signal is required to break squelch.
NOTE
For GNC 420W or GNS 430W units with COM software 2.00 or earlier, the operation of
the SQ 250 setting is reversed. The higher the SQ 250 number, the more signal is
required to break squelch.
SQ 833
Sets the squelch threshold for 8.33 kHz channel spacing operation. May be set to any value between 0
(zero) and 63. The higher the number, the more signal is required to break squelch.
SIDE
Sets the sidetone audio output level. May be set to any value between 0 (zero) and 63.
NOTE
The sidetone audio output level is independent of the COM volume knob on the 400W
Series unit.
Store Calibration?
Select this field and press the ENT key to accept the squelch threshold and sidetone audio settings on this
page. If you wish for the squelch and sidetone settings to return to their previous values, do not select this
field. Simply change to the next configuration page, or turn off the unit if you are done with
configuration.
Selection
PTT
XFR
RX
TX
Page 5-16
Rev. F
Verify That:
The box is filled in while the COM push-to-talk switch is pressed.
The box is filled in while a remote COM transfer switch is pressed.
The box is filled in while the COM is receiving a signal.
The box is filled in while the COM push-to-talk switch is pressed.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
5.3.13 VOR DISCRETE INPUTS Page (GNS 430W
Only)
16B
Select the VOR DISCRETE INPUTS Page (see Figure 5-16).
This page allows you to verify the operation of an external
VLOC transfer switch that may be present in the installation.
435H
Figure 5-16. VOR DISCRETE
INPUTS Page
Selection
REMOTE XFR
Verify That:
The box is filled in while a remote VLOC transfer switch is pressed.
5.3.14 VOR/LOC/GS CDI Page (GNS 430W Only)
167B
Select the VOR/LOC/GS CDI Page (see Figure 5-17).
436H
This page allows you to verify and calibrate the CDI outputs,
both lateral (LAT) and vertical (VERT) from the
VOR/LOC/Glideslope receiver, as well as the OBS resolver input
to the VOR receiver. It also allows you to select the format for
DME tuning data. Using the controls on the GNS 430W front
panel, make the selections below and verify the interfaces as
appropriate:
Figure 5-17. VOR/LOC/GS CDI Page
NOTE
The LAT, VERT, and SELECTED COURSE configurations only apply to installations
where a CDI/HSI is connected to the VOR/LOC/GLIDESLOPE pins on connector
P4006.
CDI (LAT/VERT)
Selection
Max left
Full left
Std. left
Center
Std. right
Full right
Max right
Verify That:
The CDI is “pegged” to the left/up.
The CDI is deflected full scale to the left/up.
The CDI is deflected left of center.
The CDI is centered.
The CDI is deflected right of center.
The CDI is deflected full scale to the right/down.
The CDI is “pegged” to the right/down.
FLAG (LAT/VERT)
Selection
Hide
View
Verify That:
The LAT/VERT flag is hidden.
The LAT/VERT flag is in view.
S-FLG (LAT/VERT)
Selection
Hide
View
Verify That:
The LAT/VERT superflag is hidden.
The LAT/VERT superflag is in view.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 5-17
Rev. F
TO-FR (LAT)
Selection
FROM
Hide
TO
Verify That:
The FROM flag is in view.
The TO/FROM flag is hidden.
The TO flag is in view.
SELECTED COURSE
Select 150° on the CDI/HSI that is connected to the 400W Series VOR/LOC/GS OBS inputs. The
SELECTED COURSE field should indicate near to 150° and a Calibrate to 150°? field appears.
Selecting this field calibrates the 400W Series to match the input source. Verify OBS operation by
checking that the course displayed on the 400W Series is within 2° of the selected course. Do this at 30°
intervals around the OBS card.
DME CHNL MODE
This configuration allows you to set the format for DME tuning data output.
Selection
King serial
Parallel 2x5
Parallel BCD
Parallel slip
Narco 890/891
Page 5-18
Rev. F
Description
King Serial DME tuning data
2 of 5 parallel DME tuning.
Shifted BCD (Binary Coded Decimal) parallel DME tuning
Slip-code parallel DME tuning
2 of 5 parallel DME tuning, compatible with the following DME units:
Narco DME 890
Narco DME 891
ARC (Cessna) RTA-476A
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
5.3.15 VOR/LOC/GS ARINC 429 CONFIG Page (GNS 430W Only)
168B
Select the VOR/LOC/GS ARINC 429 CONFIG Page (see
Figure 5-18). This page configures the VOR/ILS ARINC
429 output and input ports.
437H
Figure 5-18. VOR/LOC/GS ARINC
429 CONFIG Page
SPEED
Selection
Low
High
Description
Standard low-speed ARINC 429 (nominally 12.5 kilobits per second)
High-speed ARINC 429 (nominally 100 kilobits per second)
SDI
Selection
Common
VOR/ILS 1
VOR/ILS 2
Description
RX: Accepts all 429 inputs
TX: Generates all 429 outputs with SDI = 0.
Number 1 (Pilot) VOR/ILS Receiver
RX: Accepts 429 inputs with SDI = 0 or 1.
TX: Generates all 429 outputs with SDI = 1.
Number 2 (Copilot) VOR/ILS Receiver
RX: Accepts 429 inputs with SDI = 0 or 2.
TX: Generates all 429 outputs with SDI = 2.
DME MODE
Selection
Directed freq 1
Directed freq 2
Description
If the GNS 430W is connected to a multi-channel ARINC 429 DME,
channel 1 of that DME is tuned. “Directed freq 1” should be selected if
a single-channel ARINC 429 DME is tuned.
If the GNS 430W is connected to a multi-channel ARINC 429 DME,
channel 2 of that DME is tuned.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 5-19
Rev. F
5.3.16 GPS Vertical Offset
169B
The GPS Vertical Offset setup function is used to enter the height above ground of the GPS antenna.
Prior to proceeding, measure the GPS antenna vertical offset (to the nearest foot) as shown in Figure 5-19.
438H
Figure 5-19. Measurement of GPS Vertical Offset
Use the large and small knobs to enter the offset value
and press ENT to save.
Figure 5-20. GPS Vertical Offset Page
Page 5-20
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
5.3.17 STORMSCOPE CONFIG Page
170B
NOTE
The Stormscope pages are only available if one of the RS-232 inputs is configured for the
WX-500.
Select the STORMSCOPE CONFIG Page (see Figure
5-21). This page shows the L3 Communications WX500 Stormscope configuration as reported by the WX500 through RS-232 data.
439H
Verify that the STATUS field indicates “Ok”, and that
the other displayed parameters are correct. Verify that all
the boxes in the lower portion of the page are green.
When a 400W Series unit is used with a WX-500
Stormscope, the “Synchro” or “Serial” heading formats
may be used. If another heading format is used,
lightning strike information is visible on the Weather
Page, but not the Map Page or Arc Page.
Figure 5-21. STORMSCOPE CONFIG
Page
5.3.18 STORMSCOPE TEST Page
17B
Select the STORMSCOPE TEST Page (see Figure 5-22).
This page shows current strike activity, WX-500 status,
and the heading supplied by the WX-500. The WX-500
mode may be changed to ‘Demo’, ‘Noise monitor’, ‘Self
test’, ‘Strike test’, or ‘Weather’.
40H
Verify that the WX-500 mode can be changed. Refer to
the WX-500 manual for specific installation test
procedures for the WX-500, using this page to view strike
data, change the WX-500 mode, view WX-500 status,
trigger count, and heading.
Figure 5-22. STORMSCOPE TEST
Page
5.3.19 STORMSCOPE DOWNLOAD DATA Page
172B
Select the STORMSCOPE TEST Page (see Figure 5-23).
This page shows raw data downloadable from the WX500. Optional sets of data include WX-500 software
version, environmental conditions, configuration, and
fault data.
41H
Verify that the configuration data is correct as intended.
To request which packet of data to display, highlight the
data group title and use the small right knob to select the
desired group.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Figure 5-23. STORMSCOPE
DOWNLOAD DATA Page
Page 5-21
Rev. F
5.3.20 TRAFFIC Page
173B
NOTE
The following pages are only available if one of the RS-232 inputs is configured for the
Ryan TCAD or one of the ARINC 429 inputs is configured for Traffic Advisory.
Select the TRAFFIC Page (see Figure 5-24). This page
shows the L3 Communications SkyWatch or Ryan TCAD
modes of operation and current traffic situation.
42H
For L3 Communications SkyWatch, this page shows:
1. The altitude mode—below (BLW), normal
(NORM), above (ABV), or unrestricted (UNR)
2. The operating mode—standby (STBY) or
operating (OPER)
Figure 5-24. TRAFFIC Page (SkyWatch)
3. Current altitude (ALT)
4. Altitude limits being imposed (LIM A and LIM
B)
5. Heading, and barometric (BARO) and radio (RAD) altitude status.
For L3 Communications SkyWatch (see Figure 5-24), verify that the 400W Series unit can change the
SkyWatch operating mode (STBY or OPER). In standby mode, verify that the SkyWatch may be placed
in self-test mode by highlighting “Test Mode?” and pressing ENTER on the 400W Series unit. Refer to
the L3 Communications SkyWatch installation manual for system checkout.
43H
For Ryan TCAD (see Figure 5-25), this page shows the
current shield mode and altitude. Verify that the TCAD
shield mode may be changed—Ground (GND), Terminal
(TML), Standard (STD), En Route (ENR), or Unrestricted
(UNR), and that the TCAD is reporting the correct altitude.
Refer to the Ryan TCAD installation manual for system
checkout.
4H
Figure 5-25. TRAFFIC Page
(TCAD)
Page 5-22
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
5.3.21 RYAN TCAD CONFIG Page
174B
Select the RYAN TCAD CONFIG Page (see Figure
5-26). This page shows the TCAD’s current shield
settings for the selected mode, approach mode status,
volume, mute status, mute duration, voice alert selection,
and system status.
45H
Verify that the TCAD system status is GREEN. Also,
verify that shield settings and volume, mute duration, and
voice alert selection can be modified. Verify that changes
in mute (if a mute switch is installed) are shown. Refer to
the Ryan TCAD installation manual for system checkout.
Figure 5-26. RYAN TCAD CONFIG
Page
5.3.22 GAD 42 CONFIG Page
175B
The following page is only available if a ARINC 429
input is configured for the GAD 42.
Select the GAD 42 CONFIG Page (see Figure 5-27).
This page allows remote configuration of a GAD 42
Interface Adapter Unit. For details of this function,
please refer to Section 5 of the GAD 42 Installation
Manual (P/N 190-00159-00).
46H
Figure 5-27. GAD 42 CONFIG Page
5.3.23 GDL CONFIG Page
176B
This page allows the user to set the attenuation and model
of the GDL 69. It is only available if one of the RS-232
ports is configured for the GDL 69/69A.
The GDL 69A XM must be activated before use. If the
XM activation has not already been done, see the GDL
69/69A Installation Manual (190-00355-02) and the GDL
69/69A XM Activation Instructions (190-00355-04).
Figure 5-28. GDL CONFIG Page
Selection
Attenuation
Model
Description
Sets the attenuation value for the GDL 69/69A. Refer to the GDL 69/69A
Installation manual (190-00355-02) to determine the correct attenuation value.
Sets the model to either GDL 69 (weather only) or GDL 69A (weather and
audio).
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 5-23
Rev. F
5.3.24 DATA LINK DIAGNOSTICS Page
17B
The 8-character test word returned from the GDL 69 is
displayed on the DATA LINK DIAGNOSTICS page for each
of the following parameters:
Figure 5-29. Data Link Diagnostics
Display
QOS
TERR
SAT1
SAT2
TUNER
Page 5-24
Rev. F
Description
Quality of Service Test
Terrestrial Error Status
Satellite 1 Error Status
Satellite 2 Error Status
Tuner Status
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
5.4
Ground Checks (Configuration Mode)
52B
Main Indicator (Analog Only)
5.4.1
178B
NOTE
If the GNS 400W Series unit is interfaced to an electronic HSI and the main indicator
analog output is not used, this check is not required.
If the GNS 400W Series unit is interfaced to an analog indicator on the main CDI/OBS, perform the
following steps:
1. Go to the MAIN CDI / OBS CONFIG page.
2. Verify correct operation of the lateral deviation, flag and TO/FROM flag using the corresponding
selections.
3. Verify correct operation of the vertical deviation and flag using the corresponding selections.
4. Verify correct operation of the OBS knob using the SELECTED COURSE display. At 30°
increments around the OBS card, ensure that the indicated value is within 2° of the value set on
the indicator.
5.4.2
VOR/ILS Indicator (GNS 430W Only)
179B
If the GNS 430W unit is interfaced to an analog indicator on the VOR/ILS Indicator output, perform the
following steps:
1. Go to the VOR / LOC / GS CDI configuration page.
2. Verify correct operation of the lateral deviation, flag and TO/FROM flag using the corresponding
selections.
3. Verify correct operation of the vertical deviation and flag using the corresponding selections.
5.4.3
Discrete Inputs and Annunciator Outputs Checkout
180B
If the GNS 400W Series unit is connected to external annunciators/systems or external switches, perform
the following steps:
1. Go to the MAIN DISCRETE INPUTS page.
2. For each external switch that is connected, exercise the switch and use the EXTERNAL SWITCH
STATE section to verify that the input is functioning correctly.
3. Go to the MAIN DISCRETE OUTPUTS page.
4. For each annunciator output that is connected to an external system or annunciator, toggle the
output ON (corresponding box is filled/green) and OFF (corresponding box is not filled/blue)
using the DISCRETE TOGGLE field. Verify that the appropriate external annunciator
illuminates when the output is set to ON and extinguishes when the output is set to OFF. If the
output is not connected to an annunciator but provides an input to another system, verify that the
other system receives the signal.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 5-25
Rev. F
5.4.4
ADC, Altitude Encoder, Fuel Sensor and Fuel/Air Data Computer
18B
NOTE
This check does not apply to parallel connections to an altitude encoder. If the gray code
interface to an altitude encoder is used, the check in Section 5.4.5 must be completed.
47H
The GNS 400W Series unit can receive altitude or fuel/air data from an external source. This check
verifies that the GNS 400W Series unit is receiving data from these units. Ensure that the GNS 400W
Series unit is turned on and in configuration mode. If the following steps do not perform correctly, check
the electrical connections and configuration setup.
1. Go to the Main Inputs 1 page.
2. If there are multiple altitude sources providing data to the GNS 400W Series unit, remove power
from all but one altitude source.
3. Verify that pressure altitude (P ALT) data is being displayed and agrees with the active altitude
source.
NOTE
After applying power to an altitude source it may take several minutes to warm up.
During the warm-up period the altitude display on the GNS 400W Series unit will be
dashed out.
4. If there are multiple altitude sources, remove power from the currently active source and apply
power to another source that has not been checked.
5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 until all available altitude sources have been checked.
5.4.5
Altitude Encoder (Gray Code Connection)
182B
The GNS 400W Series unit can receive altitude from an external gray code encoder or encoding altimeter.
This check verifies all of the connections in the parallel gray code interface. If the following steps do not
perform correctly, check the electrical connections and configuration setup.
1. Go to the Main Discrete Inputs page.
2. Using a pitot-static test set, set the altitude to the values specified below:
Pitot-Static Test
Set Altitude
400
Tolerance
(ft)
± 20
800
± 20
2000
± 30
10,000
± 80
16,000
± 110
30,800
± 180
3. Verify that decoded altitude data is being displayed is equal to the test set altitude, within the
tolerance specified.
Page 5-26
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
5.4.6
AHRS/IRU Interface Check
183B
The GNS 400W Series unit can receive heading data from an external source. This check verifies that the
GNS 400W Series unit is receiving data from these units. Ensure that the GNS 400W Series unit is turned
on and in configuration mode. If the following steps do not perform correctly, check the electrical
connections and configuration setup.
1. Go to the Main Inputs 1 page.
NOTE
If a Sandel EHSI or an ARINC 429 EFIS is also installed, ensure that it is turned off so
that it does not supply heading to the GNS 400W Series unit.
2. Verify that the HDG field displays valid heading data.
3. Remove power from the heading source and verify that the heading in the HDG field is dashed
out.
5.4.7
GAD 42 Interface Check
184B
This check verifies that the GNS 400W Series unit is interfaced with the GAD 42. For the 400W Series
units, the GAD 42 CONFIG page is implemented in main software version 2.20 or higher.
1. Go to the GAD 42 CONFIG page.
2. Verify that STATUS is ACTIVE.
3. Change any of the options to a different number.
4. Verify that after pressing ENT the STATUS field will change to SENDING then change back to
ACTIVE. If the entry reverts to the previous number when ACTIVE is displayed, then refer to
the GAD 42 Installation Manual (P/N 190-00159-00).
5.4.8
Lighting Bus Interface Check
185B
The display and key backlighting on the 400W Series unit can track an external lighting/dimmer bus input
and use it to vary the display and key backlight levels accordingly. This check verifies that the interface
is connected correctly.
CAUTION
When 14 VDC or 28 VDC lighting buses are connected to the 400W Series unit,
connection of the aircraft lighting bus to the incorrect input pins can cause damage to the
400W Series unit. Always start this test with the dimming bus at the lowest setting, and
slowly increase the brightness. If it is noticed that the LIGHTING level displayed on the
400W Series unit does not increase as the lighting is increased in brightness, verify that
the wiring is correct before proceeding.
1. Ensure the lighting bus is set to its minimum setting.
2. Go to the Main Lighting page.
3. Slowly vary the lighting bus that is connected to the 400W Series unit. Verify that the
LIGHTING value displayed on the configuration screen tracks the lighting bus setting.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 5-27
Rev. F
5.5
Ground Checks (Normal Mode)
53B
Turn the 400W Series unit off and bring the unit back up in normal mode for the following checks.
5.5.1
Display of Self-Test Data
186B
Following normal power-up, the Data Base Pages are displayed followed by the Instrument Panel SelfTest Page. Pressing the ENT key once then displays the Instrument Panel Self-Test page (see Figure 5-8).
During this time, the electrical outputs are activated and set to the values listed below. Press the ENT key
to acknowledge the self test page. This is not a required check, although this page can be useful in
troubleshooting installation problems.
48H
NOTE
Electronic displays which monitor the 400W Series unit’s ARINC 429 output may vary
in how and where annunciations are displayed.
Parameter
Course Deviation
Glideslope/Vert. Deviation
Annunciators
Bearing to Waypoint (RMI)
Selected Course (OBS)
Self-Test Value
Half-scale left deviation, TO indication, flag pulled
Half-scale up deviation, flag pulled
All On
135°
400W Series unit displays the OBS value (149.5° if interfaced to
an HSI with driven course pointer).
149.5° (Displayed as 150°)
Desired Track
Items below are not displayed on the INSTRUMENT PANEL SELF-TEST page
10.0 nautical miles
Distance to Go
4 minutes
Time to Go
“GARMN”
Active Waypoint
150 knots
Groundspeed
N 39°04.05’, W 94°53.86’
Present Position
Active
Waypoint Alert
En Route
Phase of Flight
Active
Message Alert
Leg Mode
Leg/OBS Mode
Invalid
GPS Integrity
Roll Steering (if applicable) Flight Director commands 0° bank (level flight) for 5 seconds;
commands increasing right bank at 1°/second for 5 seconds;
commands 5° right bank for 5 seconds; commands decreasing
right bank at 1°/second for 5 seconds, until command is 0° bank
again. This cycle repeats continuously.
Page 5-28
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
5.5.2
Signal Acquisition Check
187B
NOTE
All other avionics should be turned off at the start of this test. Turn on the GNS 400W
Series unit.
Upon acknowledgement of the Instrument Panel Self-Test Page, the Satellite Status Page is displayed. If
the unit is unable to acquire satellites, relocate the aircraft away from obstructions which might be
shading GPS reception. If the situation does not improve, check the GPS antenna installation.
NOTE
After installation, the initial acquisition of position can take up to 20 minutes.
Subsequent acquisitions will not take that long.
Once GPS position information is available, perform the following steps:
1. On the Position Page, verify that the lat/lon agree with a known reference position.
2. While monitoring the Satellite Status Page, turn on other avionics one at a time and check the
GPS signal reception to make sure it is not affected (no significant signal degradation).
3. Before proceeding with the VHF COM interference check, ensure that any connected equipment
is transmitting and/or receiving data from the 400W Series unit and is functioning properly.
5.5.3
VHF COM Interference Check
18B
NOTE
The interference check must be completed on all IFR installations.
NOTE
It is known that certain non-aviation radios, including marine transceivers, can interfere
with civil aviation navigation and surveillance equipment including the Garmin GNS
400W Series. When installing GNS 400W Series equipment in accordance with the
appropriate STC, it is the responsibility of the installer to ensure that the GNS 400W
Series unit modification is compatible with all previous aircraft modifications. Garmin
recommends that whenever a GNS 400W Series unit is installed in an aircraft that has
been modified with non-aviation radios, particular care should be exercised to verify that
these do not interfere with proper function of the GNS 400W Series unit. Special care
should also be taken to ensure that there is no interference with the GNS 400W Series
unit if non-aviation radios are installed in an aircraft after a GNS 400W Series unit has
been installed. If interference is found, it can be addressed by relocating antennas,
rerouting cables, using filters to attenuate unintentional harmonic frequency
transmissions, or using various other techniques for elimination of the interference. It
may be necessary to remove or replace the interfering radio with a model that does not
interfere with the proper functioning of the GNS 400W Series unit.
If you are testing a transmitter from a non-aviation device, each frequency must be
verified by transmitting for at least 30 seconds on each channel.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 5-29
Rev. F
Once the Signal Acquisition Test has been completed successfully, perform the following steps:
1. View the Satellite Status Page and verify that at least 7 satellites have been acquired on the 400W
Series unit.
2. Verify that the GPS “INTEG” flag is out of view.
3. Select 121.150 MHz on the COM transceiver to be tested.
4. Transmit for a period of 35 seconds.
5. Verify that the GPS “INTEG” flag does not come into view.
6. Repeat steps 4 and 5 for the following frequencies:
25 kHz COM Channel Spacing
•
•
•
•
•
•
121.150 MHz
121.175 MHz
121.200 MHz
121.225 MHz
121.250 MHz
131.200 MHz
•
•
•
•
•
•
131.225 MHz
131.250 MHz
131.275 MHz
131.300 MHz
131.325 MHz
131.350 MHz
NOTE
For VHF radios with 8.33 kHz channel spacing, include the following frequencies in
addition to those listed above.
8.33 kHz COM Channel Spacing
•
•
121.185 MHz
121.190 MHz
•
•
130.285 MHz
131.290 MHz
7. Repeat steps 3 through 6 for all remaining COM transceivers installed in the aircraft.
8. If aircraft is TCAS-equipped, turn on the TCAS system and verify that GPS position remains
valid (if position is lost, the status on the Satellite Status Page will change to “ACQUIRING”).
9. If aircraft is SATCOM-equipped, use the SATCOM system and verify that GPS position remains
valid (if position is lost, the status on the Satellite Page will change to “ACQUIRING).
10. If the GPS “INTEG” flag comes into view, see Section 2.4.6 for options to improve performance.
49H
Page 5-30
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
5.5.4
VHF NAV Checkout (GNS 430W)
189B
Press the CDI key to select VLOC mode (indicated by a white VLOC in the lower left corner of the
display). Check the VOR reception with ground equipment, operating VOT or VOR, and verify audio and
Morse code ID functions (if possible). Tune a Localizer frequency and verify the CDI needle and NAV
flag, and VDI needle and GS flag operation.
5.5.5
VHF COM Checkout (GNC 420W/GNS 430W)
190B
5.5.5.1
Antenna Check
251B
If desired, the antenna VSWR can be checked using an inline wattmeter in the antenna coax using
frequencies near both ends of the band. The VSWR should be < 2:1, and is not to exceed 3:1. A VSWR of
2:1 will cause a drop in output power of approximately 12%, and 3:1 causes approximately a 26% drop.
Receiver / Transmitter Operation
5.5.5.2
25B
Tune the unit to a local VHF frequency and verify the receiver output produces a clear and
understandable audio output. Verify the transmitter functions properly by contacting another station and
getting a report of reliable communications.
5.5.6
Interface Checkout
19B
This section describes checks that must be carried out to verify that systems interfacing to the GNS 400W
Series unit are communicating properly. Only those interfaces that are connected to the GNS 400W
Series unit must be verified.
Honeywell (Bendix/King) EFS40/50 Interface Check
5.5.6.1
253B
If a Honeywell EFS40/50 has been connected to GNS 400W Series unit the interface should be verified as
described in this section.
1. Cycle power to the first GNS 400W Series unit and acknowledge the prompts until it gets to the
self test page (see Section 5.5.1).
450H
2. Ensure that GPS1 data is displayed by pressing the “1-2” key on the EFS40/50 control panel.
3. While the GNS 400W Series unit is displaying the self test page, verify that the EFS40/50 is
displaying data from the GPS source. Note that vertical deviation will not be displayed.
•
Course Deviation: Half-scale left deviation, TO indication, flag pulled
•
Active Waypoint:
•
Vertical Deviation: Half-scale up deviation (Only if installation is set up to display GPS
vertical deviation)
GARMN
4. On the GNS 400W Series unit verify that an OBS value is displayed (and not dashed out).
5. Using a VOR test set verify that the CDI deviation on the EFS40/50 is displayed correctly.
6. Cycle power to the second GNS 400W Series unit and acknowledge the prompts until it gets to
the self test page (see Section 5.5.1).
451H
7. Switch to GPS2 data by pressing the “1-2” key on the EFS40/50 control panel and repeat steps 3
through 5 with the second GNS 400W Series unit.
5.5.6.2
Sandel SN3308 Interface Check
254B
If a Sandel SN3308 EHSI has been connected to the GNS 400W Series unit, the interface should be
verified as described in one of the following sections, as appropriate for the installation.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 5-31
Rev. F
5.5.6.2.1
One 400W Series Unit / One SN3308
26B
1. Cycle power to the GNS 400W Series unit and acknowledge the prompts until it gets to the self
test page (see Section 5.5.1).
452H
2. Ensure that the SN3308 is receiving valid heading.
NOTE
The Vertical Deviation Indication will not be displayed unless the SN3308 is receiving
valid heading.
3. While the GNS 400W Series unit is displaying the self test page, verify that the SN3308 is
displaying the following data from the GPS source.
•
Course Deviation: Half-scale left deviation, TO indication, flag pulled
•
Vertical Deviation: Half-scale up deviation, flag pulled
•
Active Waypoint:
GARMN
4. On the GNS 400W Series unit verify that an OBS value is displayed (and not dashed out).
5. Acknowledge the self test on the GNS 400W series unit by pressing the ENT key.
6. Select VLOC on the GNS 400W Series unit and verify that the SN3308 displays NAV 1 or NAV
2 (depending on what navigation source the GNS 400W is).
7. Using a VOR test set verify that the CDI deviation on the SN3308 is displayed correctly.
Page 5-32
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
5.5.6.2.2
Two 400W Series Units/One SN3308
267B
The checkout for two 400W Series units also applies to one 400W Series unit and one 500W Series unit.
1. Remove power from the second (no. 2) 400W Series unit.
2. Cycle power to the first GNS 400W Series unit and acknowledge the prompts until it gets to the
self test page (see Section 5.5.1).
453H
3. Select GPS1 as the navigation source by pressing the NAV key on the SN3308.
4. Ensure that the SN3308 is receiving valid heading.
NOTE
The Vertical Deviation Indication will not be displayed unless the SN3308 is receiving valid
heading.
5. While the first GNS 400W Series unit is displaying the self test page, verify that the SN3308 is
displaying the following data from GPS1.
•
Course Deviation: Half-scale left deviation, TO indication, flag pulled
•
Vertical Deviation: Half-scale up deviation, flag pulled
•
Active Waypoint:
GARMN
6. On the first GNS 400W Series unit verify that an OBS value is displayed (and not dashed out).
7. Acknowledge the self test on the first GNS 400W Series unit by pressing the ENT key.
8. Select VLOC on the first GNS 400W Series unit and verify that the SN3308 displays NAV 1 or
NAV 2 (depending on what navigation source the GNS 430W is).
9. Using a VOR test set verify that the CDI deviation on the SN3308 is displayed correctly.
10. Remove power to the first 400W Series unit and apply power to the second 400W Series unit and
acknowledge the prompts until it gets to the self test page (see Section 5.5.1).
45H
11. Select GPS2 by pressing the NAV key on the SN3308.
12. Repeat steps 4-9 with the second GNS 400W Series unit.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 5-33
Rev. F
5.5.6.3
Sandel SN3500 Interface Check
25B
IF a Sandel SN3500 EHSI has been connected to a 400W Series unit, the interface should be verified as
follows:
1. Cycle power to the GNS 400W Series unit and acknowledge the prompts until it gets to the self
test page (see Section 5.5.1).
45H
2. Ensure that the SN3500 is receiving valid heading.
NOTE
The Vertical Deviation Indication will not be displayed unless the SN3500 is receiving
valid heading.
3. While the GNS 400W Series unit is displaying the self test page, verify that the SN3500 is
displaying data from the GPS source.
•
Course Deviation: Half-scale left deviation, TO indication, flag pulled
•
Vertical Deviation: Half-scale up deviation, flag pulled
•
Active Waypoint:
GARMN
NOTE
If the Vertical Deviation Indication is not displayed ensure that the Main ARINC 429
Config (See Section 5.3.1) is set to Enable Labels for VNAV.
456H
4. On the GNS 400W Series unit verify that an OBS value is displayed (and not dashed out).
5. Acknowledge the self test on the GNS 400W Series unit by pressing the ENT key.
6. Select VLOC on the GNS 400W Series unit and verify that the SN3308 displays NAV 1 or NAV
2 (depending on what navigation source the GNS 430W is).
7. Ensure that the NAV1 (or NAV2) indication does not have a red line through it.
EHSI Deviation Scaling (If HSI/CDI Is Driven by the 400W Series Unit Via Serial
Data)
5.5.6.4
256B
If the GNS 400W Series unit has a serial connection to an EFIS display not covered by the AML STC,
proper scaling of the EFIS CDI and VDI must be verified.
1. Cycle power to the GNS 400W Series unit and acknowledge the prompts until it gets to the self
test page (see Section 5.5.1).
457H
2. With the self test page displayed on the GNS 400W Series unit, look on the EHSI/EFIS and
verify that the lateral deviation is not flagged and half-scale left.
3. With the self test page displayed on the GNS 400W Series unit, look on the EHSI/EFIS and
verify that the vertical deviation is not flagged and half-scale up.
NOTE
If the deviations are not as described, the EHSI/EFIS does not scale the GNS 400W
Series unit deviations properly and cannot be certified for GPS-based guidance. Contact
Garmin for further assistance.
Page 5-34
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
5.5.6.5
ARINC 429 Traffic System Interface Check
257B
If an L3 Communications SKY497/SKY899 SkyWatch® sensor or a Honeywell (Bendix/King) KTA 810
TAS/KMH 820 IHAS has been connected to the GNS 400W Series unit, the traffic interface should be
verified as described in this section.
1. Go to the Traffic page on the GNS 400W Series unit (in the NAV page group).
2. Verify that NO DATA is not displayed in yellow on the center of the traffic page.
3. Verify that the traffic system mode can be changed from STBY to OPER.
4. Switch the traffic system mode to STBY, and then run the traffic self test from the Menu.
5. Verify that the traffic system executes a self test and a self-test pattern is displayed on the GNS
400W Series unit.
Ryan TCAD Traffic System Interface Check
5.5.6.6
258B
If a Ryan TCAD has been connected to the GNS 400W Series unit, the traffic interface should be verified
as described in this section.
1. Go to the Traffic page on the GNS 400W Series unit (in the NAV page group).
2. Verify that NO DATA is not displayed in yellow on the center of the traffic page.
3. Using the SETUP selection under the Traffic Menu, verify that the shield mode can be changed.
Stormscope Interface Check
5.5.6.7
259B
If an L3 Communications WX-500 Stormscope has been connected to the GNS 400W Series unit, the
Stormscope interface should be verified as described in this section.
1. Go to the Lightning page on the GNS 400W Series unit (in the NAV page group).
2. Verify that LIGHTNING FAILED is not displayed in yellow on the center of the Lightning page.
3. Using the Self Test selection under the Lightning Menu, initiate a Stormscope self-test.
GMX 200/MX20 Interface Check
5.5.6.8
260B
If a Garmin GMX 200 or MX20 has been connected to the GNS 400W Series unit, the interface should be
verified as described in this section.
1. Ensure that the GNS 400W Series unit has a 3-D fix.
2. Create and activate a flight plan on the GNS 400W Series unit.
3. Verify that the RTE and POS data flags are not displayed on the GMX 200/MX20.
4. Verify that the flight plan is displayed on the GMX 200/MX20 using the flight plan (FPL)
function.
5.5.6.9
GDL 69/69A Interface Check
261B
If a Garmin GDL 69 has been connected to the GNS 400W Series unit, the interface should be verified as
described Section 5.5.6.9.1. If a Garmin GDL 69A has been connected to the GNS 400W Series unit, the
interface should be verified as described Sections 5.5.6.9.1 and 5.5.6.9.2. Each of these procedures
involves verifying that the satellite signal is acquired and tracked. Locate the aircraft where there is a
clear view of the southeastern or southwestern sky. XM Satellite Radio satellites are located above the
equator over the eastern and western coasts of the continental United States.
458H
459H
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
460H
Page 5-35
Rev. F
NOTE
The following sections only verify the correct interface of GDL 69/69A to the GNS
400W Series unit. It does not activate the GDL 69 XM data link radio. Complete
instructions for activating the XM data link radio can be found in document
190-00355-04.
XM Satellite Radio Weather Checkout Procedure
5.5.6.9.1
268B
1. With the 400W Series unit running in the normal mode, go to the XM Information page (in the
AUX page group).
2. Verify that the DATA ID field has a valid ID and does not contain “---“. For a GDL 69A, the
AUDIO ID field should also display a valid ID.
3. Go to the XM WX Timestamp page and verify that timestamp data is displayed. This may take
several minutes. (Timestamp data will not be available if the XM subscription has not been
activated.)
During XM activation, “Detecting Activation” will be displayed in the SERVICE CLASS field on the
XM Information page, and “Aviator” will be displayed once the XM signal is detected.
XM Satellite Radio Audio Checkout Procedure
5.5.6.9.2
269B
1. Go to the XM Audio page (in the AUX page group).
NOTE
If the XM Satellite Radio audio subscription has not been activated, audio is available
only on Channel 1. If the audio subscription has been activated, audio should be
available on multiple channels.
2. Ensure that the GDL 69A audio is not muted.
3. Verify that audio can be heard over the headsets. Adjustment of the volume may be required.
5.5.6.10 Crossfill Check (If Dual Units Installed With RS-232 Crossfill Connected)
26B
The crossfill check applies to two 400W Series units as well as to one 400W Series unit and one 500W
Series unit.
Turn on both 400W Series units in the aircraft. For each 400W Series unit:
1. Select the first AUX page (titled “FLIGHT PLANNING”).
2. Select “CROSSFILL”.
3. Verify that the displayed status is “Ready”. If “Not Available” is displayed, there may be an
RS-232 wiring problem between the two 400W Series units.
5.5.6.11 External RMI/OBI Interface Check
263B
The GNS 400W Series unit RMI/OBI output can be used to drive an RMI (or OBI) navigation indicator.
This check verifies that the RMI/OBI is receiving data from the GNS 400W Series unit. If the following
steps do not perform correctly, check the electrical connections and configuration setup.
NOTE
The aircraft heading system must be operating properly in order for the RMI needle to
point correctly.
Page 5-36
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
5.5.6.11.1 Main OBI Output
270B
If the Main OBI output from the GNS 400W Series unit is connected to an RMI navigation indicator
verify the interface as follows:
1. Apply power to the equipment and wait for the GNS 400W Series unit to acquire a position.
2. In the GNS 400W Series unit, set a course to a destination waypoint and ensure GPS is selected
for display on the CDI.
3. If installed, set the RMI select switch to the GPS position.
4. Verify that the RMI needle swings and points towards the GPS waypoint selected.
5. If the Main OBI Output is configured to “Track CDI,” ensure that a valid VOR station is not
tuned. Select VLOC on the CDI and verify that the RMI needle is parked at the invalid position.
6. If the Main OBI Output is configured to output “Always GPS,” select VLOC on the CDI and
verify that the RMI needle still points towards the GPS waypoint selected.
5.5.6.11.2 VOR OBI Output (GNS 430W Only)
271B
If the VOR OBI output from the GNS 430W is connected to an RMI navigation indicator verify the
interface as follows:
1. Apply power to the equipment.
2. If installed, set the RMI select switch to the VLOC position.
3. Tune a local VOR station, or use a simulated signal from an approved VOR Test System.
4. Verify that the RMI needle swings and points towards the VOR station.
5.5.6.12 DME Tuning Check (GNS 430W Only)
264B
If the GNS 430W is set up to remotely channel a DME, verify the interface as follows:
1. Select a VOR/ILS channel that corresponds to (1) a DME station within a 40 nautical mile range,
or (2) the frequency of a DME ground tester.
2. Verify that the DME locks on to the signal and a valid distance, ground speed and time are
displayed.
3. Tune an invalid VOR station. Verify that the DME changes to an invalid station.
5.5.6.13 G600 Interface Check
The GNS 400W Series unit can receive data from the G600 system. Verify the interface in accordance
with Section 5.8 of the G600 AML STC Installation Manual (P/N 190-00601-06).
265B
5.5.7
Magnetic Compass Check
192B
Compass swing should be carried out at completion of installation in accordance with AC 43.13-1B,
chapter 12, section 3, paragraph 12-37.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 5-37
Rev. F
5.6 Flight Checks
54B
All system functions that cannot be adequately tested on the ground will require a flight test. Even if all
functions can be verified on the ground, a flight test is recommended as final installation verification.
Verify system operation as described in the following sections.
NOTE
The analog deviation (LEFT/RIGHT and UP/DOWN), TO/FROM, and FLAG (lateral
and vertical) outputs to a CDI or HSI should be verified in flight with potential sources of
electrical noise such as autopilot, flaps, gear, heater blowers, etc. operating. Lateral
deviation and flags may be checked with either GPS or VOR/ILS, and vertical deviation
and flags must be checked with Glideslope. Verify that the flags are hidden at the correct
times, and that the flag is in view at the correct times.
5.6.1
GPS Flight Check
193B
1. Verify that GPS position is not lost during normal aircraft maneuvering (e.g. bank angles of up to
30 degrees and pitch angles associated with take-off, departures, approaches, landing and missed
approaches as applicable). If GPS position is lost, a “LOSS OF GPS NAVIGATION” message
will be displayed.
2. Enter and activate a flight plan on the 400W Series unit. Fly the flight plan and verify that the
display of flight plan data is consistent with the CDI indication (deviation, TO/FROM…) in the
pilot’s primary field of view.
5.6.2
VHF COM Flight Check (GNC 420W and GNS 430W)
194B
After the installation is complete, a flight test is recommended to ensure satisfactory performance. To
check the communications transceiver, maintain an appropriate altitude and contact a ground station
facility at a range of at least 50 nautical miles. Contact a ground station in close proximity. Press the
COM volume knob to select manual squelch and listen for any unusual electrical noise, which would
increase the squelch threshold. If possible, verify the communications capability on both the high low
and mid bands of the VHF COM band. It may be required by the governing regulatory agency to verify
operation of the COM transmitter and receiver at the extents of a ground facility’s service volume (e.g.,
FAA AC 23-8A).
5.6.3
VOR Flight Check (GNS 430W)
195B
1. Tune a local VOR station within 50 miles.
2. Verify the audio ident and voice quality and verify that no objectionable electrical interference
such as magneto noise is present.
3. Verify the Morse code decoder IDs the station (95% probability).
4. Fly to and from the station.
5. Verify NAV flag, TO/FROM flag, and CDI are operational.
6. Record accuracy in System Log (see manual).
It may be required by the governing regulatory agency to verify operation of the VOR receiver at the
extents of a ground facility’s service volume (e.g., FAA AC 23-8A).
Page 5-38
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
5.6.4
ILS Flight Check (GNS 430W)
196B
1. Tune an ILS at the local airport.
2. Verify the audio ident and audio quality and verify that no objectionable electrical interference
such as magneto noise is present.
3. Verify the Morse code decoder IDs the station (95% probability).
4. Fly the approach.
5. Verify NAV flag, GS flag, and CDI and VDI are operational.
5.6.5
Autopilot Flight Check
197B
1. Enter and activate a flight plan on the 400W Series unit. For the GNS 430W, ensure that GPS is
selected on the CDI. Engage the autopilot in the GPSS mode. Verify that the autopilot flies the
course.
2. Disengage the autopilot and fly off course. Re-engage the autopilot (in GPSS mode) and verify
that it correctly intercepts the course and continues to fly it.
3. Turn off the autopilot GPSS but leave the autopilot engaged in NAV mode. Verify that it
maintains the current course.
4. (GNS 430W Only): Reselect the GPSS mode on the autopilot. Press the CDI key to select VLOC
on the 430W. Verify that the GPSS mode disengages.
5.7 Database Check
5B
Check the aviation database to ensure it is current. The database information is displayed during the unit
display start-up sequence. To check the database:
2. Turn off the 400W Series units and then turn it on. The 400W Series unit will go through its
normal start-up sequence.
3. Wait for the Aviation Database page to be displayed.
4. Verify that the expiration date displayed has not passed.
If the database has expired, then remove and replace the aviation database card as described in the
following section, and see Section 1.7.1.
461H
5.7.1
Data Card Replacement
198B
CAUTION
Handle the data cards carefully. Do not touch the connector edge of the data card.
To replace the data card do the following:
4. Ensure that the 400W Series unit is turned off.
5. Remove the data card by lifting the tab and pull card to extract from the unit.
6. With the label facing left, insert the new data cards by pushing the card straight into the slot and
press until it is inserted fully. The aviation database card inserts into the left slot. The Terrain
database card inserts into the right slot.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 5-39
Rev. F
5.8 Airplane Flight Manual Supplement Checks
56B
Ensure that the Airplane Flight Manual Supplement (AFMS) is completed and inserted in the Airplane
Flight Manual (AFM) or Pilot’s Operating Handbook (POH).
1. Fill in the required airplane information in the AFMS.
2. Fill in the appropriate checkbox in the Limitations section of the AFMS corresponding to the type
of GPS antenna that was installed.
3. Fill in the appropriate checkbox in the Limitations section of the AFMS corresponding to the
autopilot coupling limitations.
NOTE
The GPS SELECT setting will determine if the transition into approach mode is
automatic or requires pilot acknowledgement of a message prompt. Refer to GPS
SELECT in Section 4.5.1.13 for additional details.
462H
4. Fill in the appropriate checkbox in the Normal Procedures section of the AFMS corresponding to
the autopilot mode transitions.
5. Insert the completed AFMS into the AFM or POH.
Page 5-40
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Table 5-1. GNS 400W Series Post-Installation Checkout Log
GNS 400W Series Post-Installation Checkout Log
Date: ____ /____ /____
By: ________________
INSTALLATION
INFORMATION:
Aircraft Model ___________________________
Aircraft Serial # ______________
Unit P/N ________________________________
Mod Level __________________
Unit Model ______________________________
Serial # _____________________
GPS Antenna P/N _________________________
GPS Ant Model
EXTERNAL ANNUNCIATION REQUIREMENT (See Section 2.5)
463H
CDI/HSI SOURCE SELECTION
ANNUNCIATION:
Annunciation: Required Not Required
[ N/A] Annunciator Installed
GPS NAVIGATION ANNUNCIATION:
Annunciation: Required Not Required
[ N/A] Annunciators Installed
CONNECTOR ENGAGEMENT CHECK
Connector engagement checked
CONFIGURATION ITEMS:
Main ARINC 429 Configuration
In 1: High Low __________________
In 2: High Low __________________
Out: High Low __________________
SDI:
Common LNAV 1 LNAV 2
Main Lighting
Source:
Resp Time / Min:
Slope / Offset:
Photo Trans %:
Photo Slp/Ofst:
Display
___________
____ / _____
____ / _____
___________
____ / _____
Key
__________
____ / _____
____ / _____
[ N/A]
[ N/A]
VNAV: Disable Labels Enable Labels
Main RS-232 Configuration (RX/TX)
Chnl 1
_______________/_______________
Chnl 2
_______________/_______________
Chnl 3
_______________/_______________
Chnl 4
_______________/_______________
Main CDI / OBS Config
OBI Source: Always GPS Track CDI [ N/A]
SEL CRS for GPS:
Allow
Ignore
SEL CRS for VLOC:
Allow
Ignore
CDI Key:
Allow
Ignore
GPS Vertical Offset
GPS Antenna Height Above Ground: _______ ft
Main System Configuration
Fuel Type: ________________________
Terrain Type: None
TERRAIN
Discretes
GPS SELECT: Auto Prompt
COM PRESETS [ N/A]: Enabled
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
GAD 42 Configuration
Main RMI/OBI: _____
NAV RMI/OBI: _____
Sel Crs Drive:
_____
Main RMI/OBI: _____
[ N/A]
Roll Steering:
_____
Remote Crs Sel:
_____
TAS Input:
_____
GPS/NAV 429 L/H: _____
Heading 429 L/H: _____
GAD SW Ver: _____________
Disabled
Page 5-41
Rev. F
CONFIGURATION ITEMS (CONT’D):
VOR/LOC/GS CDI (GNS 430W only)
DME Channel Mode: ___________________
VOR/LOC/GS ARINC 429 Configuration
(GNS 430W only)
RX Speed: High Low
TX Speed: High Low
SDI:
GDL Configuration
Attenuation: ______________
Model: GDL 69A
GDL 69
[ N/A]
Common VOR/ILS 1 VOR/ILS 2
DME Mode: Directed freq 1 Directed freq 2
After completing configuration and prior to checkout, restart unit for changes to take effect
SYSTEM CHECKOUT
Ground Checks (Configuration Mode)
MAIN ANALOG INDICATOR:
CDI (left, centered, right)
VDI (down, centered, up)
TO/FROM flag (OFF, TO, FROM)
Valid flags
OBS (Selected Course)
[ N/A]
VOR/ILS INDICATOR:
CDI (left, centered, right)
VDI (down, centered, up)
TO/FROM flag (OFF, TO, FROM)
Valid flags
[ N/A]
DISCRETE INPUTS:
[ N/A] Remote CDI Select
[ N/A] Remote OBS Select
[ N/A] Terrain Inhibit
[ N/A] COM Remote Recall
ADC / ENCODER / FUEL / F/ADC:
[ N/A] Air Data Computer
[ N/A] Altitude Encoder (serial)
[ N/A] Fuel Sensor
[ N/A] Fuel / Air Data Computer
Page 5-42
Rev. F
ANNUNCIATOR OUTPUTS:
[ N/A] Approach (APR)
[ N/A] GPS Indicator (GPS)
[ N/A] Integrity (INTEG)
[ N/A] Message (MSG)
[ N/A] OBS Mode (OBS)
[ N/A] Terminal Mode (TERM)
[ N/A] VLOC Indicator (VLOC)
[ N/A] Waypoint (WPT)
[ N/A] ILS/GPS Approach (ILS/GPS APR)
[ N/A] GPS Select (GPS SELECT)
ALTITUDE ENCODER:
[ N/A] Altitude Encoder (Gray code)
[ N/A] Altitude Encoder (Serial)
AHRS/IRU/ADC:
[ N/A] Air Data Computer
[ N/A] AHRS/IRU
GAD 42:
[ N/A] GAD 42 Interface Adapter
LIGHTING BUS:
[ N/A] Aircraft Lighting Bus
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
GROUND CHECKS (NORMAL MODE)
SIGNAL ACQUISITION CHECK
Position checked
Signal reception checked
Interference from other avionics checked
VHF COM INTERFERENCE
VHF COM interference checked
VHF NAV CHECKOUT (GNS 430W ONLY)
VOR reception checked
Localizer reception checked
Deviation needle and flag checked
VHF COM CHECKOUT (420W and 430W)
Receiver / Transmitter operation checked
Antenna checked VSWR __________
INTERFACE CHECKS
[ N/A] Honeywell EFS 40/50
[ N/A] Sandel SN3308
[ N/A] Sandel SN3500
[ N/A] ARINC 429 Traffic System
[ N/A] Ryan TCAD
[ N/A] L-3 Communications Stormscope
[ N/A] Garmin GMX 200 / MX20
[ N/A] Garmin GDL 69/69A
[ N/A] Crossfill check
[ N/A] External RMI
[ N/A] DME Tuning
[ N/A] G600 System
MAGNETIC COMPASS CHECK
[ N/A] Compass swing performed
FLIGHT CHECKS
GPS checked
COM checked (420W and 430W)
VOR checked (430W only)
ILS checked (430W only)
Autopilot checked
DATABASE CHECKS
Database checked
AFMS CHECKS
Antenna type checked
Autopilot coupling limitations checked
Autopilot Mode transitions checked
Completed AFMS inserted in AFM/POH
COMMENTS:
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 5-43
Rev. F
This page intentionally left blank
Page 5-44
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
6. TROUBLESHOOTING
5B
This section provides information to assist troubleshooting if problems occur after completing the
installation. Devices connected to the 400W Series unit can be useful for determining whether the 400W
Series unit is functioning properly or if there are problems with the installation.
6.1 Troubleshooting Procedure
57B
Table 6-1. Troubleshooting Guide
Problem
Possible Cause
Solution
The 400W Series
unit does not power
on.
• The unit is not getting power to •
the main connector P4001.
The 400W Series
unit does not
compute a position.
• Not receiving signals.
•
•
GPS signal levels
drop when avionics
are turned on.
• Noise interference from other
avionics.
The GPS signal
levels are very low.
• Improper antenna installation or •
coax routing.
The 400W Series
unit does not
transmit.
•
Make sure power is connected to the
main 78-pin connector P4001, pins
19 and 20 and ground to P4001, pins
77 and 78. Check circuit breakers
and main avionics switch.
Check the GPS antenna connections.
Make sure the aircraft is clear of
hangars, buildings, trees, etc.
Wait 20 minutes for unit to complete
cycle.
Turn all avionics off, then turn on
each piece one at a time to isolate
the source of the interference. Route
GPS cable and locate GPS antenna
away from sources of interference.
Check GPS antenna installation,
connections, and cable routing. The
GPS antenna must be mounted on
the top of the aircraft.
• Antenna shaded from satellites. •
Make sure the aircraft is clear of
hangars, buildings, trees, etc.
• RF interference at 1575.42
MHz from VHF COM.
•
Move GPS antenna further from the
COM antenna. Add a 1575.42 MHz
notch filter in COM coax. Fix or
replace the COM. Disconnect the
ELT antenna coax to check for
possible re-radiation.
• The PTT input is not being
pulled low.
•
Check that the PTT (mic key) input is
pulled low for transmit.
• No transmit power to the COM. •
• The input voltage is too low.
The sidetone level is • Wrong type of headsets, or
too low or too high.
level needs adjustment.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
•
•
Make sure power input is connected
to the COM 25-pin connector P4002
11 and 12 and ground to P4002 21
and 22.
Increase input supply voltage to >12
VDC. (>24VDC for 420 AW and
430AW models)
If necessary, adjust the sidetone
level. Sidetone adjustment is found
on the COM Setup page.
Page 6-1
Rev. F
Table 6-1. Troubleshooting Guide
Problem
Possible Cause
OBS Resolver won’t • Incompatible resolver or
calibrate.
improper connection.
OBS indication on
400W Series unit
does not agree with
OBS setting.
400W Series unit is
not receiving
heading from
compass system
(ARINC 429
heading input used)
Autopilot is not
getting GPSS/Roll
Steering data from
the 400W Series
unit (ARINC 429
Roll Steering used)
•
• 400W Series unit resolver input •
not calibrated correctly.
• Resolver has not been
calibrated.
• ARINC 429 input port speed
•
not correct
• Wiring connections are
•
incorrect.
• 400W Series unit does not
•
have a position or flight plan
entered.
• 400W Series unit ARINC 429
•
output not configured correctly.
Check wiring and calibration.
Check ARINC 429 input port speed
setting for port that device is
connected to and verify that the
speed is correct for that device.
Check wiring.
Acquire GPS position and enter a
flight plan.
Check ARINC 429 output port setting
for port that autopilot is connected to.
•
Check ARINC 429 output port speed
setting for port that autopilot is
connected to and verify that the
speed is correct for autopilot.
• Wiring connections are
incorrect.
•
Check wiring. Must be connected to
main GPS 429 output.
• Certain autopilots require
groundspeed for GPSS to be
enabled.
•
Ensure that groundspeed is provided
if required by the autopilot.
•
Check the OBI source selection on
the Main CDI/OBS Config page.
• Wiring connections are
incorrect.
•
Check wiring.
• Incorrect configuration.
•
Check the DME Channel Mode on
the VOR/LOC/GS CDI page.
Check wiring.
• Wiring connections are
•
incorrect.
ARINC 429 device
• 400W Series unit ARINC 429
•
is not receiving data
output not configured correctly.
from the 400W
• ARINC 429 input port speed
•
Series unit.
not correct
• Wiring connections are
incorrect.
Page 6-2
Rev. F
Check the resolver specifications and
wiring.
• ARINC 429 output port speed
not correct.
RMI pointer does
• Desired RMI source has not
not indicate correctly
been selected.
Tuning data not
updating DME
Solution
•
Check ARINC 429 output port setting
for port that device is connected to.
Check ARINC 429 input port speed
setting for port that device is
connected to and verify that the
speed is correct for that device.
Check wiring.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Table 6-1. Troubleshooting Guide
Problem
RS-232 device is
not communicating
with the 400W
Series unit.
Possible Cause
Solution
• 400W Series unit RS-232 port
not configured correctly.
•
Check RS-232 port setting for port
that device is connected to.
• Improper setup on the remote
device.
•
Verify the configuration of the other
device.
• Device not compatible, or
improper connection.
•
• Multiple TX lines connected
together.
•
Verify 400W Series unit RX is
connected to remote device TX and
400W Series unit TX is connected to
remote device Rx.
Verify that there is only one TX
source per RX port.
• Wiring connections are
incorrect.
•
On
EFS 40/50, FMS #1/#2
CDI scaling on EFS
configuration
is not set to
40/50 is not correct.
“KLN 90-GPS”.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
•
Check wiring
•
Reconfigure EFS 40/50 for
“KLN 90-GPS” on FMS #1/#2 inputs,
as appropriate.
Page 6-3
Rev. F
6.2 Alert Text Troubleshooting Procedure
58B
Table 6-2 is a list of alerts that are relevant to installers. There are additional messages in the 400W/500W
Pilot’s Guide. If a message is displayed that is not in Table 6-2 or the Pilot’s Guide, please contact
Garmin technical support.
46H
465H
Table 6-2. Alert Text Troubleshooting Guide
Alert Text
Airport database integrity error
•
Basemap database integrity error
•
Boot block verify failed - Return
unit for repair
•
CDI key stuck
•
CDI key disabled
•
Check unit cooling
•
COM has failed
(430W only)
•
COM is not responding
(430W only)
•
COM needs service
(430W only)
• The unit has detected a failure
in its communications
transceiver. The COM
transceiver may still be usable.
Page 6-4
Rev. F
Possible Cause
The 400W Series unit has
detected a problem with a
database on the NavData
card. The message
“<database name> database
integrity error” indicates the
database in error.
The 400W Series unit has
detected a failure in the built-in
basemap (land data)
database. Land data does not
appear on the Map Page.
Other unit functions continue
to work normally.
System integrity testing has
determined that the boot block
has become corrupted.
The CDI key is stuck in the
enabled (or “pressed”) state.
Try pressing the CDI key
again to cycle its operation.
“Ignore CDI key” has been
selected on the MAIN
CDI/OBS CONFIG page.
The 400W Series unit has
detected excessive display
backlighting temperature. The
backlighting has been
automatically dimmed to
reduce the temperature.
The unit has detected a failure
in its communications
transceiver.
Internal system-to-system
communication between the
main processor and the COM
transceiver has failed.
Operational status of the COM
transceiver is unknown.
Solution
• The data is not usable. Try
reloading the information onto
the card. If that does not solve
the problem, replace the card.
• Reload the basemap database
• Contact Garmin technical
support.
• Contact Garmin technical
support.
• Go to the MAIN CDI/OBS
CONFIG page and deselect
“Ignore CDI key”
• Check for adequate ventilation
or check cooling airflow. Refer
to Section 2.7 of the
installation manual.
• Contact Garmin technical
support.
• Contact Garmin technical
support
• If the COM board is still
working, it will automatically
tune to 121.500 MHz.
Transmit and receive functions
may still operate regardless of
the displayed frequency.
• Contact Garmin technical
support
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Alert Text
COM push-to-talk key stuck
(430W only)
Possible Cause
• The external push-to-talk
(PTT) switch is stuck in the
enabled (or “pressed”) state.
• Wiring is incorrect.
Solution
• Try pressing the PTT switch
again to cycle its operation.
COM remote transfer key is stuck
(430W only)
• The remote COM transfer
switch is stuck in the enabled
(or “pressed”) state.
• Try pressing the switch again
to cycle its operation.
• Verify the wiring is correct.
• If the message persists,
contact Garmin technical
support.
COM transfer key stuck
(430W only)
• The COM flip-flop key is stuck
in the enabled (or “pressed”)
state.
COM transmitter power has been
reduced (430W only)
• The unit has detected
excessive unit temperature.
The COM transceiver transmit
power has been automatically
reduced to compensate for the
condition.
• Insufficient voltage level
• Try pressing the switch again
to cycle its operation.
• If the message persists,
contact Garmin technical
support.
• Check for adequate ventilation
or check cooling airflow. Refer
to Section 2.7 of the
installation manual.
Configuration error - Config
service req’d
Data transfer cancelled (crossfill
is busy)
Data transfer cancelled (data
invalid)
Data transfer cancelled (version
mismatch)
Data transfer error, please retransmit
Display backlight failure
Do not use for navigation
G/S has failed (430W only)
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
• The configuration information
has been lost or corrupted.
• An attempt to transfer flight
plan data during a unit-to-unit
crossfill was cancelled.
• An attempt to transfer a single
user waypoint during a unit-tounit crossfill was cancelled.
No waypoint was specified on
the Crossfill Page.
• An attempt to transfer data
during a unit-to-unit crossfill
was cancelled. The database
versions of the two 400W
Series units are not identical.
• An error was detected during
unit-to-unit crossfill of user
data (user waypoints and/or
flight plans).
• The 400W Series unit has
detected a failure in the
display backlighting.
• The 400W Series unit is in
Demo Mode and must not be
used for actual navigation.
• The unit has detected a failure
in the glideslope receiver.
• Check wiring
• Check the input voltage
• Reconfigure the unit
• The host unit is busy. Wait
until any previous crossfill
operation is complete, before
reattempting the transfer.
• Select a user waypoint and reattempt the transfer.
• If necessary, update the
database(s) so they match.
• The data transfer should be reattempted.
• Contact Garmin technical
support.
• Check that the DEMO MODE
SELECT pin is not connected.
See section 4.5.1.12.
• Contact Garmin technical
support.
Page 6-5
Rev. F
Alert Text
G/S is not responding
(430W only)
•
G/S needs service
(430W only)
•
GAD configuration required
•
GAD needs service
•
GDL 69 is not responding
•
Possible Cause
Internal system-to-system
communication between the
main processor and the
glideslope receiver has failed.
Operational status of the
glideslope receiver is unknown.
The unit has detected a failure
in its glideslope receiver. The
glideslope receiver may still be
usable.
The GAD 42 Interface Adapter
has lost the configuration
information stored in its internal
memory. Any mechanical
indicators connected to your
400W- series unit are unusable.
The 400 Series unit has
detected a failure in the GAD 42
interface adapter. Any
mechanical indicators
connected to your unit are
unusable.
No data is being received from
the GDL 69.
Solution
• Contact Garmin technical
support.
• Contact Garmin technical
support.
• Reconfigure the GAD 42 unit.
Refer the GAD 42 Installation
Manual (P/N 190-00159-00)
• Refer to section 5.2.3 of the
GAD Installation Manual
(P/N 190-00159-00)
• Check for proper configuration
• Check wiring
• Contact Garmin technical
support.
GPS is not responding
GPS needs service
Large magnetic variance
Page 6-6
Rev. F
• GPS antenna cable is shorted.
• Verify that the center
conductor is not shorted to the
braid in the coaxial cable.
• Internal system-to-system
communication between the
main processor and the GPS
receiver has failed. Operational
status of the GPS receiver is
unknown.
• Contact Garmin technical
support.
• The 400W Series unit has
detected a failure in its GPS
receiver.
• A valid value of magnetic
variation is not available for this
location.
• Verify all course angles
• Contact Garmin technical
support.
• Contact Garmin technical
support.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Alert Text
Loss of integrity — cross-check
NAV
Possible Cause
• Improper antenna installation or
coax routing
• Antenna shaded from satellites
• RF interference at 1575.42 MHz
from VHF COM.
Low Battery - Unit Needs Service • Time data may have been lost
due to a memory battery failure.
MAIN processor requires service • The 400W-series unit has
detected a failure in the main
system processor.
No altitude input is being
• No altitude data is being
received
received from RS-232
(Serializer: Icarus, Rosetta or
Shadin) or grey code inputs.
No basemap data available
• The 400W-series unit has
detected a failure in the built-in
basemap (land data) memory.
Land data does not appear on
the Map Page. Other unit
functions continue to work
normally.
Not receiving input data on 429
• No data has been received on
Channel #1 or #2
the ARINC 429 channel #1
connection for a period
exceeding five seconds.
Not receiving input data on 232
• No data has been received on
Channel #(1 through 5)
one (or more) of the RS-232
channel connections for a
period exceeding ten seconds.
Not receiving traffic data
• No traffic data is being received.
Solution
• Check GPS antenna
installation, connections, and
cable routing. The GPS
antenna must be mounted on
the top of the aircraft.
• Make sure the aircraft is clear
of hangars, buildings, trees,
etc.
• Move GPS antenna further
from the COM antenna, Add a
1575.42 MHz notch filter in
COM coax. Fix or replace the
COM. Disconnect the ELT
antenna coax to check for
possible re-radiation.
• Replace the battery (refer to
section 8.4)
• Contact Garmin technical
support.
• Refer to Table 6-1 “RS-232
device is not communicating
with the
GPS 400W/GNS430W”
• Contact Garmin technical
support to reload the basemap
data
• Refer to Table 6-1 “ARINC 429
device is not receiving data
from the GPS 400W/GNS
430W”
• Refer to Table 6-1 “RS-232
device is not communicating
with the 400W/430W”
• Check for proper configuration
• Check the wiring
• Contact Garmin technical
support.
OBS key stuck
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
• The OBS key is stuck in the
enabled (or pressed) state. Try
pressing the OBS key again to
cycle its operation.
• Contact Garmin technical
support.
Page 6-7
Rev. F
Alert Text
OBS not available
RAIM position warning
Searching the sky
Stored data was lost
TERRAIN configuration has
changed
Possible Cause
• No destination waypoint has
been selected.
• The GPS receiver cannot
currently determine its position.
• Although sufficient GPS satellite
coverage may exist, Receiver
Autonomous Integrity
Monitoring (RAIM) has
determined the information from
one or more GPS satellites may
be in error.
• The 400W Series unit is
searching the sky for GPS
satellites.
• All user waypoints, flight plans
and system settings have been
lost due to a memory battery
failure or system reset.
• The unit’s terrain settings have
changed since it was last
turned on in normal mode.
Solution
• Select a waypoint
• Refer to Table 6-1 “The 400W
Series unit does not compute
a position.”
• Wait for GPS satellite
geometry to improve.
• Wait 20 minutes for unit to
complete cycle or until the
current position is located.
• If system was not reset
replace the battery.
• Reconfigure TERRAIN
settings
• Contact Garmin technical
support
TERRAIN has failed
• The unit has detected a failure
in the terrain system.
Traffic device has failed
• The 400W Series unit cannot
communicate with the traffic
system and/or the traffic system
is reporting a system failure.
• Ensure that Terrain database
is inserted in the right most
card slot.
• Reload the TERRAIN
database.
• Contact Garmin technical
support.
• Check for proper configuration
• Check for correct wiring
• Refer to the traffic system
installation manual.
Traffic device needs service
• The traffic device is reporting a
system failure.
• Refer to the traffic system
installation manual.
User card format unknown
• A data card has been inserted,
but the format of the card is not
recognized.
• The 430W has detected a
failure in its VLOC receiver.
• Internal system-to-system
communication between the
main processor and the VLOC
receiver has failed. Operational
status of the VLOC receiver is
unknown.
• Reload the information onto
the card. If that does not solve
the problem replace the card.
• Contact Garmin technical
support.
• Contact Garmin technical
support.
VLOC has failed (430W only)
VLOC is not responding
(430W only)
Page 6-8
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Alert Text
Possible Cause
VLOC needs service (430W only) • The unit has detected a failure
in its VLOC receiver. The
VLOC receiver may still be
usable.
VLOC remote transfer key is
• The remote VLOC transfer
stuck (430W only)
switch is stuck in the enabled
(or “pressed”) state.
Solution
• Contact Garmin technical
support.
• Try pressing the switch again
to cycle its operation.
• Contact Garmin technical
support.
• Try pressing the VLOC flip-flop
key again to cycle its
operation.
• Contact Garmin technical
support.
VLOC transfer key stuck
(430W only)
• The VLOC flip-flop key is stuck
in the enabled (or “pressed”)
state.
WX-500 device has failed
• The 400W- Series unit cannot
communicate with the WX-500.
• Check for proper configuration
• The WX-500 is reporting a
system failure.
• Check the wiring
WX-500 heading has failed
• The WX-500 is reporting invalid
heading data.
• Refer to the WX-500
installation manual for
additional troubleshooting
information.
• Check for proper configuration
of WX-500
• The failure may be within the
WX-500 or other connected
equipment.
6.3 Contacting the Factory for Assistance
59B
If the 400W Series unit fails to operate despite troubleshooting efforts, contact Garmin Technical Support
for assistance.
GARMIN International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street
Olathe, KS 66062-3426
USA
Phone: 913.397.8200
FAX: 913.397.8282
http://www.garmin.com
Be prepared to offer the following information about the installation:
•
Installation configuration (list of any accessories)
•
Model number, part number with mod levels, and serial number
•
Software Versions
•
Description of problem
•
Efforts made to isolate the problem
400W Series Installation Manual
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400W Series Installation Manual
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7. LIMITATIONS
6B
7.1 Operations
60B
There are no Part 23 aircraft type limitations. All functions of the 400W Series unit meet the appropriate
design assurance qualifications for primary or secondary for airplane Class I, Class II, Class III, and Class
IV in accordance with AC 23.1309-1C Figure 2. The TSO authorizations with the RTCA/DO178B
software levels by function are listed in Table 1-4.
46H
7.1.1
TSO-C146a GPS/WAAS Limitations
19B
Due to the equipment’s TSO qualified performance in tracking low-elevation-angle satellites, operational
limitations may be required based upon the GPS antenna or GPS software used in the installation. If
AML STC SA01933LA is used as the basis for approval, the appropriate limitations are included in the
AFMS provided with the STC. However, if other airworthiness approval is obtained, the following
limitations must be included in the Aircraft Flight Manual or Aircraft Flight Manual Supplement if an
antenna listed in Table 1-3 or GPS software version 2.X is used:
467H
NOTE
The limitations below do not apply to VFR-only installations and as such do not need
to be included in the AFM/AFMS.
The equipment does not comply with US 14 CFR part 91, SFAR 97 requirements for TSO-C146a
equipment. Until complete compliance is demonstrated and approved by the FAA, authorization
to conduct any GPS or WAAS operation under Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) requires that:
1) Aircraft using the GPS or WAAS capability of the 400W Series navigation equipment under
IFR must be equipped with an approved and operational alternate means of navigation
appropriate to the flight, with the exception of oceanic and remote operations.
2) For flight planning purposes, if an alternate airport is required, it must have an approved
instrument approach procedure other than GPS or RNAV that is anticipated to be operational
and available at the estimated time of arrival. All equipment required for this procedure must
be installed and operational.
3) For flight planning purposes, Garmin Prediction Program part number 006-A0154-03 (with
the <insert installed antenna model number/part number> antenna selected) should be
used to confirm the availability of RAIM for the intended flight in accordance with the local
aviation authority guidelines for TSO-C129a equipment. WAAS NOTAMs (or their absence)
and generic prediction tools do not provide an acceptable indication of the availability for the
400W Series equipment.
4) When flight planning an LNAV/VNAV or LPV approach, operators should use the Garmin
Prediction Program part number 006-A0154-03 (with the <insert installed antenna model
number/part number> antenna selected) in addition to any NOTAMs issued for the
approach.
NOTE
Garmin Prediction Program part number 006-A0154-03 is contained on the 400W/500W
Trainer CD, P/N 010-10601-00.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page 7-1
Rev. F
7.1.2
Safety Assessment Considerations
20B
This STC requires that the modified aircraft meet navigation and communication availability
requirements at the aircraft level appropriate to the failure condition category, aircraft category and class.
TSO-C146a defines loss of function of en route, terminal, non-precision approach, or precision approach
navigation data as a major failure condition. AC 23.1309-1C provides guidance for IFR airplanes that
classifies total loss of function as a major failure condition, and loss of primary means of function as
minor if two navigation systems are installed. One method to meet the major failure condition for loss of
function is to have redundant systems. It is recommended that the aircraft be equipped with at least two
independent navigation receivers and two independent communication transceivers for IFR use. For
independent navigation systems, two 400W Series units may be used, or a combination of 400W/500W
Series and an independent NAV/COM unit may be used. This will support System Safety Assessment of
assumptions. Refer to AC 23.1309-1C.
7.1.3
Previous Operational Approvals
201B
The installation of a 400W Series unit into an aircraft does not alter the operational approvals previously
granted to that aircraft. Additional operation approvals may require FAA evaluation of all the systems
installed in a particular aircraft and is outside the scope of 400W/500W Series STC SA01933LA.
7.2 Installation
61B
The conditions and tests required for TSO approval of this article are minimum performance standards. It
is the responsibility of those installing this article either on or within a specific type or class of aircraft to
determine that the aircraft installation conditions are within the TSO standards. TSO articles must have
separate approval for installation in an aircraft. The article may be installed only if performed under 14
CFR part 43 or the applicable airworthiness requirements.
The 400W Series GPS/WAAS receiver, when installed with the appropriate antenna listed in
Section 1.4.8, is compatible with aircraft equipped with SATCOM when installed in accordance to this
manual.
468H
7.2.1
GPS Antenna
20B
The GPS/WAAS receiver is compatible with the GPS antennas listed in Section 1.4.8. Antenna selection
may affect operational limitations.
469H
7.2.2
Antenna Installation – General
203B
Structural mounting of the GPS/WAAS antenna is not included in this installation manual. For mounting
the GPS/WAAS antennas, refer to the Garmin GA Antenna AML STC SA01695SE or other FAA
approved installation data.
7.2.3
Equipment Interfaced to the 400W Series Unit
204B
400W Series unit interfaces to aircraft systems other than those identified in this installation manual are
outside the scope of this manual and may require further evaluation for certification and/or other FAA
airworthiness approval.
7.2.4
Preservation of Previous Systems
205B
It is the installer’s responsibility using data provided in this manual identified in 400W/500W Series
AML STC SA01933LA to preserve the essential characteristics of the aircraft in accordance with the
aircraft manufacturer’s original design and the requirements of 14 CFR Part 23. This includes the
preservation of multiple power buses, which reduce the probability of interrupting power to essential
instruments and avionics. For aircraft certified under 14 CFR Part 23, post amendment 41, use of the
400W Series unit for IFR operations requires a functional redundant electrical power system for the
primary navigation unit.
Page 7-2
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
7.3 Rotorcraft Installation
62B
The installation and operational approval for use of a 400W Series unit in rotorcraft is not covered by
AML STC SA01933LA; however, instructions and data provided in this manual may be used to perform
the alteration and obtain other FAA approval.
The 400W Series unit TERRAIN functionality is not recommended for use in rotorcraft.
7.4 Aircraft Radio Station License
63B
An aircraft radio station license is not required when operating in U.S. airspace, but may be required
when operating internationally.
400W Series Installation Manual
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400W Series Installation Manual
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8. PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
7B
8.1 Equipment Calibration
64B
No scheduled servicing tasks are required on the 400W Series unit.
8.2 VOR Checks
65B
Refer to CFR 14 paragraph 91.171. Every 30 days verify the limits of the permissible indicated bearing
error.
8.3 Cleaning
6B
The front bezel, keypad, and display can be cleaned with a soft cotton cloth dampened with clean water.
DO NOT use any chemical cleaning agents. Care should be taken to avoid scratching the surface of the
display.
8.4 Battery Replacement
67B
WARNING
This product contains a Lithium battery that must be recycled or disposed of properly.
Battery replacement and removal must be performed by professional services.
The 400W Series unit includes an internal battery that will last 5 to 8 years. The battery is used for
internal time clock and GPS system information. Regular planned replacement is not necessary. The
400W Series unit will display a “Low Battery” and “Unit Needs Service” message when replacement is
required. Once the low battery message is displayed, the battery should be replaced within 1 to 2 months.
If the battery is not replaced and becomes totally discharged, the 400W Series unit will remain fully
operational, but the GPS signal acquisition time will be increased. There is no loss of function or accuracy
of the 400W Series unit with a dead battery.
The battery is not user replaceable. To replace the battery, contact the Garmin repair station or factory
authorized repair station.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
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Appendix A ENVIRONMENTAL QUALIFICATION FORM
27B
For RTCA/DO-160D Environmental Qualification Forms (EQFs) visit the Dealers Only page on
http://www.garmin.com. The part numbers for each form are listed below.
Table A-1. Environmental Qualification Form Part Numbers
Unit
GPS 400W
GNC 420W
GNC 420AW
GNS 430W
GNS 430AW
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
EQF Part Number
005-00221-08
005-00221-47
005-00221-48
005-00221-49
005-00221-50
Page A-1
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400W Series Installation Manual
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Appendix B STC DATA
273B
B.1
STC Information
The 400W/500W Series STC SA01933LA with Approved Model List (AML) and Master Data List (P/N
005-C0221-00) information is available on the Garmin web site at www.garmin.com and can be
downloaded from the Dealers Only page.
B.2
Permission to use STC
Consistent with Order 8110.4B and AC 21-40, a permission letter to use this STC data is available for
download on the Dealers Only portion of the Garmin website at www.garmin.com.
B.3
Continued Airworthiness Instructions
Refer to the 400W Series Instructions for Continued Airworthiness (P/N 190-00356-65).
B.4
STC Approved Model List
The 400W/500W Series STC SA01933LA Approved Model List (AML) includes airplanes that are type
certificated only under CAR 3 or 14 CFR Part 23. The Garmin 400W Series unit equipment is approved
for installation on all aircraft listed on the AML when adhering to the installation instructions and the
limitations described in this 400W Series Installation Manual. The AML is attached to STC SA01933LA
and may be downloaded from the Garmin web site at www.garmin.com.
400W Series Installation Manual
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Appendix C RESERVED
274B
400W Series Installation Manual
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Appendix D 400W SERIES RS-232 AVIATION DATA FORMAT
275B
D.1 Electrical Interface
The output signals are compatible with RS-232C. Data is generated at 9600 baud with a word length of 8
bits, one stop bit, and no parity.
D.2 General Output Format
The 400W Series RS-232 data has the following general format:
STX - ASCII start-of-text character (02 hex)
t1s - Type 1 output sentences (see following paragraphs for description)
t2s - One or more type 2 output sentences (see following paragraphs for description)
ETX - ASCII end-of-text character (03 hex)
D.3 Output Sentence Type 1
The Type 1 output sentences have the following general format:
id
- item designator (single ASCII alphabetic character)
dddd - item data (1 to 10 printable ASCII characters)
CR
- ASCII carriage return character (0D hex)
LF
- ASCII line feed character (0A hex)*
Each Type 1 sentence is output by the 400W Series unit approximately once every second.
The track, desired track, and bearing to waypoint angles, and the magnetic variation are output according
to the current mode of the 400W Series unit (automatic magnetic heading, magnetic variation computed at
last known position; true heading, magnetic variation of E00.0°; or user-defined magnetic heading,
magnetic variation as entered by user).
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page D-1
Rev. F
Table D-1 describes the Type 1 output sentence item designator (id) and item data (dddd) fields. If data
for these sentences is invalid or unavailable, dashes ("-") are used to fill in all non-blank character
positions.
Table D-1. Type 1 Output Sentence Format
470H
Ident (1 byte)
Data (10 bytes)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
Description
z
a a a a a
Current GPS altitude in feet *
A
s
d d
m m h h
Current latitude, where:
s - N (north) or S (south)
dd - degrees
mm - minutes
hh - hundredths of minutes
B
s
d d d
m m h h
Current longitude, where:
s
- E (east) or W (west)
ddd
- degrees
mm
- minutes
hh
- hundredths of minutes
C
d d d
Track in whole degrees
D
s s s
Ground speed in knots
E
d d d d d
Distance to waypoint in tenths of nautical miles
G
s n n n n
Cross track error, where:
s
- L (left) or R (right) of course
nnnn
- error in hundredths of nautical miles
I
d d d d
Desired track in tenths of degrees
K
c c c c c
Destination waypoint identifier (will be blank filled on
right if less than 5 characters in identifier)
L
d d d d
Bearing to destination waypoint in tenths of degrees
Q
s d d d
Magnetic variation, where:
S
- - - - f
s
- E (east) or W (west)
ddd
- tenths of degrees
NAV valid flag status, where:
f - N (nav flagged) or - (nav valid)
T
l (lower case
Lima)
- - - - - - - - -
Warnings status, only data transmitted are dashes (-).
Used to indicate end of Type 1 sentences.
d d d d d d
Distance to destination waypoint in tenths of nautical
miles.
* The line feed character is not output if the RS-232 port is configured as “Avtn no alt”.
* The altitude is not output if the RS-232 port is configured as “Avtn no alt”.
Page D-2
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
D.4 Output Sentence Type 2
The 400W Series Type 2 output sentences have the following general format:
id
- item designator (3 ASCII characters)
seq
- sequence number (1 binary byte)
wpt
- waypoint identifier (5 ASCII characters)
lat
- waypoint latitude (3 binary bytes)
lon
- waypoint longitude (4 binary bytes)
mvar
- magnetic variation at waypoint (2 binary bytes)
CR
- ASCII carriage return character (0D hex)
LF
- ASCII line feed character (0A hex)
Each waypoint in the route being navigated by the 400W Series unit has a Type 2 sentence output by the
400W Series unit approximately once every second.
If no route is being navigated by the 400W Series unit (i.e., the active route is empty), the following Type
2 sentence is output approximately once every second:
id
- item designator (3 ASCII characters; route sequence number is "01")
seq
- sequence number (1 binary byte; last waypoint flag is set; route sequence number is 1)
CR
- ASCII carriage return character (0D hex)
LF
- ASCII line feed character (0A hex)
400W Series Installation Manual
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Page D-3
Rev. F
Table D-2 describes the Type 2 output sentence item designator (id), sequence number (seq), waypoint
identifier (wpt), waypoint latitude (lat), waypoint longitude (lon), and magnetic variation at waypoint
(mvar) fields.
Table D-2. Type 2 Output Sentence Format
471H
Field
Byte
id
1
Format
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
ASCII character 'w' (77 hex)
2-3
seq
1
Description
Two ASCII numeric characters representing route
sequence number of waypoint (01 to 31)
x l a n n n n n
x
- undefined
l
- 1 if last waypoint in route
a
- 1 if active to waypoint
nnnnn - route sequence number of waypoint
(unsigned binary)
wpt
1-5
lat
1
2
Destination waypoint identifier (will be blank filled on
right if less than 5 characters in identifier)
s d d d d d d d
x x m m m m m m
s
- 0 (north) or 1 (south)
ddddddd
- latitude degrees (unsigned binary)
xx
- undefined
mmmmmm - latitude minutes (unsigned binary)
3
lon
1
x h h h h h h h
s x x x x x x x
x
- undefined
hhhhhhh
- hundredths of latitude minutes
(unsigned binary)
s
- 0 (east) or 1 (west)
xxxxxxx
- undefined
2
d d d d d d d d
dddddddd - longitude degrees (unsigned binary)
3
x x m m m m m m
xx
- undefined
mmmmmm - latitude minutes (unsigned binary)
4
mvar
Page D-4
Rev. F
1-2
x h h h h h h h
x
- undefined
hhhhhhh
- hundredths of latitude minutes
(unsigned binary)
Two's complement binary in 16ths of degrees.
Easterly variation is positive. MSB output first.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Appendix E 400W SERIES RS-232 FUEL/AIR DATA INPUT FORMAT
276B
E.1 Electrical Interface
The input signals are compatible with RS-232C. Data input is at 9600 baud with a word length of 8 bits,
one stop bit, and no parity. One message is received per second.
E.2 Shadin Altitude Sentence
The Garmin 400W Series units are capable of receiving the following 17-byte message from Shadin
Altitude Encoders, Altitude Serializers, and Altitude Converters:
RMS<sp><+/->12345T<+/->12ul<CR>
Where:
RMS
ASCII characters
<sp>
space (0x20)
<+/-> sign indicator (0x2b["+"] or 0x2d["-"])
12345 altitude in feet
T
ASCII character
<+/-> sign indicator
12
sensor temperature
ul
checksum of bytes 1 through 14 in hex ASCII (i.e., "FA")
<CR> carriage return (0x0d)
Note: Checksum is calculated by adding each byte in the message (1 through 14).
E.3 Icarus Altitude Sentence
The Garmin 400W Series units are capable of receiving the following 10-byte message from the Icarus
Altitude Serializer:
ALT<sp>12345<CR>
Where:
ALT
ASCII characters
<sp>
space (0x20)
12345 altitude in feet
<CR> carriage return (0x0d)
400W Series Installation Manual
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Page E-1
Rev. F
E.4 Shadin Fuel Flow Sentence
The Garmin 400W Series units are capable of receiving the following 55-byte message from the Shadin
Fuel Flow Indicator:
<STX>K0543.2<sp>0100.0<sp>0040.0<sp>0060.0<sp>0123.4<sp>0045.4<sp>0078.0<sp>123<ETX>
Where:
<STX> start-transmit character (0x02)
K
units designation (i.e., Gallons, Liters, Kilograms, B[pounds])
0543.2 total fuel remaining (i.e., ASCII-coded decimal format: 0x30, 0x35, 0x34, 0x33, 0x2e, 0x32)
<sp>
space (0x20)
0100.0 fuel flow rate, total (formatted as for total fuel remaining)
0040.0 fuel flow rate, engine one (or asterisks["∗∗∗∗∗∗"], in the case of single engine aircraft)
0060.0 fuel flow rate, engine two (asterisks, in the case of single engine aircraft)
0123.4 fuel used, total
0045.4 fuel used, engine one (asterisks, in the case of single engine aircraft)
0078.0 fuel used, engine two (asterisks, in the case of single engine aircraft)
123
checksum (of bytes 2 through 51)
<ETX> end-transmit character (0x03)
Note: Checksum is calculated by adding each byte in the message (2 through 51), such that carries are
discarded to give a one byte result. The ASCII-coded decimal representation of that byte is given,
ranging from 0 (0x30, 0x30, 0x30) to 255 (0x32, 0x35, 0x35).
E.5 ARNAV / EI Fuel Flow Sentence
The Garmin 400W Series units are capable of receiving the following 13-byte message from the ARNAV
or Electronics International (“EI”) Fuel Flow Indicators:
<STX>G0245100550<ETX>
Where:
<STX> start-transmit character (0x02 hex)
G
units designation (i.e., Gallons, Imperial gallons, Liters, Kilograms, B[pounds])
0245
total fuel remaining in reverse order (i.e., ASCII-coded decimal format: 0x30, 0x32, 0x34,
0x35)
1
fuel remaining checksum (modulo 10 sum of four "total fuel remaining" digits)
0055
total fuel flow rate in reverse order
0
fuel flow checksum
<ETX> end-transmit character (0x03)
NOTE: Fuel remaining and fuel flow are [∗ 10] when units designation is gallons or imperial gallons.
For example, 0245 gallons indicates 542 gallons; 0245 liters indicates 5420 liters. Checksum is
the modulo 10 sum of the four fuel flow decimal digits, converted to an ASCII numerical
character (e.g., checksum for "5678" would be ASCII "6").
Page E-2
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
E.6 Shadin Fuel/Air Data Computer Sentence
The Garmin 400W Series units are capable of receiving the following message strings from the Shadin
Fuel/Airdata or Airdata Computer:
SHADIN “z” FORMAT
<STX>
ZA012<CR><LF>
"ZA" (ASCII characters); "012" represents indicated Air Speed (knots)
ZB345<CR><LF>
"ZB" (ASCII characters); "345" represents true Air Speed (knots)
ZC678<CR><LF>
"ZC" (ASCII characters); "678" represents Mach Speed (thousandths)
ZD<+/->9012<CR><LF>
"ZD" (ASCII characters); sign; "9012" represents pressure altitude (tens of feet)
ZE<+/->3456<CR><LF>
"ZE" (ASCII characters); sign; "3456" represents density altitude (tens of feet)
ZF<+/->78<CR><LF>
"ZF" (ASCII characters); sign; "78" represents outside air temperature (Celsius)
ZG<+/->90<CR><LF>
"ZG" (ASCII characters); sign; "90" represents true air temperature (Celsius)
ZH123<CR><LF>
"ZH" (ASCII characters); "123" represents wind direction (degrees from north)
ZI456<CR><LF>
"ZI" (ASCII characters); "456" represents wind speed (knots)
ZJ<+/->78<CR><LF>
"ZJ" (ASCII characters); sign; "78" represents rate of turn (degrees per second)
ZK<+/->901<CR><LF>
"ZK" (ASCII characters); sign; "901" represents vertical speed (tens of ft/minute)
ZL234<CR><LF>
"ZL" (ASCII characters); "234" represents heading (degrees from north)
ZM5678<CR><LF>†
"ZM" (ASCII characters); "5678" represents fuel flow, right (tenths gallons/hour)
ZN90123<CR><LF>†
"ZN" (ASCII characters); "90123" represents fuel used, right (tenths gallons)
ZO4567<CR><LF>†
"ZO" (ASCII characters); "4567" represents fuel flow, left (tenths gallons/hour)
ZP89012<CR><LF>†
"ZP" (ASCII characters); "89012" represents fuel used, left (tenths gallons)
ZQ345<CR><LF>
"ZQ" (ASCII characters); "345" represents error log/reason indicator
ZR678<CR><LF>
"ZR" (ASCII characters); "678" represents checksum
<ETX>
Where:
<STX> start-transmit character (0x02)
<CR> carriage-return character (0x0d)
<LF> line-feed character (0x0a)
<+/-> sign indicator (0x2b["+"] or 0x2d["-"])
<ETX> end-transmit character (0x03)
† Not
available from Air Data Computer
Note: Checksum is calculated by adding each byte in the message (including all characters from <STX>
up to and including the error log/reason indicator), such that carries are discarded to give a one byte
result. The ASCII-coded decimal representation of that byte is given, ranging from 0 (0x30, 0x30, 0x30)
to 255 (0x32, 0x35, 0x35).
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page E-3
Rev. F
SHADIN “G” FORMAT
<STX>
GA012<CR><LF>
"GA" (ASCII characters); "012" represents indicated Air Speed (knots)
GB345<CR><LF>
"GB" (ASCII characters); "345" represents true Air Speed (knots)
GC678<CR><LF>
"GC" (ASCII characters); "678" represents Mach Speed (thousandths)
GD<+/->9012<CR><LF>
"GD" (ASCII characters); sign; "9012" represents pressure altitude (tens of feet)
GE<+/->3456<CR><LF>
"GE" (ASCII characters); sign; "3456" represents density altitude (tens of feet)
GF<+/->78<CR><LF>
"GF" (ASCII characters); sign; "78" represents outside air temperature (Celsius)
GG<+/->90<CR><LF>
"GG" (ASCII characters); sign; "90" represents true air temperature (Celsius)
GH123<CR><LF>
"GH" (ASCII characters); "123" represents wind direction (degrees from north)
GI456<CR><LF>
"GI" (ASCII characters); "456" represents wind speed (knots)
GJ<+/->78<CR><LF>
"GJ" (ASCII characters); sign; "78" represents rate of turn (degrees per second)
GK<+/->901<CR><LF>
"GK" (ASCII characters); sign; "901" represents vertical speed (tens of ft/minute)
GL234<CR><LF>
"GL" (ASCII characters); "234" represents heading (degrees from north)
GM5678<CR><LF>†
"GM" (ASCII characters); "5678" represents fuel flow, right (Twin only) (tenths gallons/hour)
GN90123<CR><LF>†
"GN" (ASCII characters); "90123" represents fuel used, right (Twin only) (tenths gallons)
GO4567<CR><LF>
"GO" (ASCII characters); "4567" represents fuel flow, left (or Single) (tenths gallons/hour)
GP89012<CR><LF>
"GP" (ASCII characters); "89012" represents fuel used, left (or Single) (tenths gallons)
GQ001<CR><LF>
"GQ" (ASCII characters); "001" represents error log/reason indicator (001 = temp. sensor error,
000 = no errors)
GR6789.0<CR><LF>†
"GR" (ASCII characters); "6789.0" represents fuel remaining (gallons)
Ga<+/->1234<CR><LF>
"Ga" (ASCII characters); sign; "12.34" represents barometric corrected altitude (tens of feet)
Gb56.78<CR><LF>
"Gb" (ASCII characters); "56.78" represents current barometric pressure setting (inches Hg)
G*901<CR><LF>
"G*" (ASCII characters); "901" represents checksum
<ETX>
Where:
<STX> start-transmit character (0x02)
<CR> carriage-return character (0x0d)
<LF> line-feed character (0x0a)
<+/-> sign indicator (0x2b["+"] or 0x2d["-"])
<ETX> end-transmit character (0x03)
† Not
available from Airdata Computer
Note: Checksum is calculated by adding each byte in the message (including all characters from <STX>
up to and including the error log/reason indicator), such that carries are discarded to give a one byte
result. The ASCII-coded decimal representation of that byte is given, ranging from 0 (0x30, 0x30, 0x30)
to 255 (0x32, 0x35, 0x35).
Page E-4
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
SHADIN “S” FORMAT
<STX>
SA012<CR><LF>
"SA" (ASCII characters); "012" represents indicated Air Speed (knots)
SB345<CR><LF>
"SB" (ASCII characters); "345" represents true Air Speed (knots)
SC678<CR><LF>
"SC" (ASCII characters); "678" represents Mach Speed (thousandths)
SD<+/->9012<CR><LF>
"SD" (ASCII characters); sign; "9012" represents pressure altitude (tens of feet)
SE<+/->3456<CR><LF>
"SE" (ASCII characters); sign; "3456" represents density altitude (tens of feet)
SF<+/->78<CR><LF>
"SF" (ASCII characters); sign; "78" represents outside air temperature (Celsius)
SG<+/->90<CR><LF>
"SG" (ASCII characters); sign; "90" represents true air temperature (Celsius)
SH123<CR><LF>
"SH" (ASCII characters); "123" represents wind direction (degrees from north)
SI456<CR><LF>
"SI" (ASCII characters); "456" represents wind speed (knots)
SJ<+/->78<CR><LF>
"SJ" (ASCII characters); sign; "78" represents rate of turn (degrees per second)
SK<+/->901<CR><LF>
"SK" (ASCII characters); sign; "901" represents vertical speed (tens of ft/minute)
SL234<CR><LF>
"SL" (ASCII characters); "234" represents heading (degrees from north)
SM5678<CR><LF>
"SM" (ASCII characters); "5678" represents fuel flow, right (tenths gallons/hour)
SN90123<CR><LF>
"SN" (ASCII characters); "90123" represents fuel used, right (tenths gallons)
SO4567<CR><LF>
"SO" (ASCII characters); "4567" represents fuel flow, left (tenths gallons/hour)
SP89012<CR><LF>
"SP" (ASCII characters); "89012" represents fuel used, left (tenths gallons)
SQ345<CR><LF>
"SQ" (ASCII characters); "345" represents error log/reason indicator
SR67890<CR><LF>
"SR" (ASCII characters); "67890" represents fuel remaining (tenths gallons)
SS123<CR><LF>
"SS" (ASCII character); "123" represents ground speed (knots)
ST456<CR>LF>
"ST" (ASCII character); "456" represents track (degrees)
SU789012<CR><LF>
"SU" (ASCII character); "789012" represents distance to waypoint (hundredths nautical miles)
SV<E/W>345<CR><LF>
"SV" (ASCII character); “E” represents East, “W” represents West; "345" represents magnetic
variation (tenths degrees)
SW<N/S>67 8901<CR><LF>"SW" (ASCII character); “N” represents North, “S” represents South; "67 8910" represents current
latitude (degrees, minutes, hundredths of minutes)
SX<E/W>234 5678<CR><LF>"SX" (ASCII character); “E” represents East, “W” represents West; "234 5678" represents
current longitude (degrees, minutes, hundredths of minutes)
SY<L/R>90<CR><LF>
"SY" (ASCII character); “L” represents Left, “R” represents Right; "90" represents drift angle
(degrees)
Sa<+/->1234<CR><LF>
"Sa" (ASCII character); sign; "1234" represents barometric corrected altitude (tens of feet)
Sb56.78<CR><LF>
"Sb" (ASCII character); "56.78" represents current barometric pressure setting (inches Hg)
S*901<CR><LF>
“S*” (ASCII character); "901" represents checksum
<ETX>
Where:
<STX> start-transmit character (0x02)
<CR> carriage-return character (0x0d)
<LF> line-feed character (0x0a)
<+/-> sign indicator (0x2b["+"] or 0x2d["-"])
<ETX> end-transmit character (0x03)
Note: Checksum is calculated by adding each byte in the message (including all characters from <STX>
up to and including the error log/reason indicator), such that carries are discarded to give a one byte
result. The ASCII-coded decimal representation of that byte is given, ranging from 0 (0x30, 0x30, 0x30)
to 255 (0x32, 0x35, 0x35).
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
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Rev. F
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Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
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Appendix F MECHANICAL DRAWINGS
27B
F.1 Drawing List
The following drawings are included in this section.
Figure F-1.
Figure F-2.
Figure F-3.
Figure F-4.
Figure F-5.
472H
473H
47H
476H
475H
400W Series Mounting Rack Dimensions
GNS 430W Mounting Rack Installation
GNC 420W Mounting Rack Installation
GPS 400W Mounting Rack Installation
400W Series Recommended Panel Cutout Dimensions
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page F-1
Rev. F
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Page F-2
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
DIMENSIONS
MODEL
A
B
GPS 400W 2.85 [72.4] 4.6 [117]
C
1.2 [30.5]
GNC 420W 3.05 [77.5] 4.8 [122]
1.3 [33]
GNS 430W 3.05 [77.5] 4.9 [124]
1.4 [35.6]
Figure F-1. 400W Series Mounting Rack Dimensions
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page F-3
Rev. F
Figure F-2. GNS 430W Mounting Rack Installation
Page F-4
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Figure F-3. GNC 420W Mounting Rack Installation
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page F-5
Rev. F
Figure F-4. GPS 400W Mounting Rack Installation
Page F-6
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Figure F-5. 400W Series Recommended Panel Cutout Dimensions
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page F-7
Rev. F
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Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Appendix G APPROVED EQUIPMENT
278B
The following tables list equipment that can be interfaced with the Garmin 400W Series units. This is not
a complete listing however; it only represents those units that are approved under 400W/500W Series
AML STC SA01933LA, with any exceptions noted by the appropriate table. When installing equipment
on the aircraft always refer to the manufacturers’ documentation for complete pinout and interconnect
information.
G.1
Audio Panels
Audio panels not listed below can still be approved under 400W/500W Series AML STC SA01933LA if
all of the following conditions are met:
•
The installation of the audio panel was previously was previously FAA-approved;
•
The VHF COM audio and VHF NAV audio (if applicable) must be verified as described in
sections 5.5.4 and 5.5.5.
47H
478H
Manufacturer
Honeywell (Bendix/King)
Garmin
Garmin AT
PS Engineering
G.2
Model
KMA 24
KMA 24H-70/71
KMA 26
KMA 28
GMA 340
GMA 347
SL15
SL15M
SL10S
SL10MS
SL10
SL10M
PMA 6000
PMA 7000 Series
PMA 8000 Series
Data Format
Notes
Air Data Computer
Air Data Computers not listed below can still be approved under 400W/500W Series AML STC
SA01933LA if all of the following conditions are met:
•
The air data computer is TSO approved;
•
The installation of the air data computer was previously FAA-approved;
•
The interface check for the altitude encoder described in section 5.4.4 must be successfully
completed.
479H
Manufacturer
B&D
Honeywell (Bendix/King)
Insight
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Model
2600
2601
2800
90004-003
KDC 281
KDC 481
TAS 1000
Data Format
ARINC 429
ARINC 429
ARINC 429
ARINC 429
ARINC 429
ARINC 429
RS-232
Notes
Page G-1
Rev. F
G.3
Altitude Serializer or Fuel/Air Data
Altitude serializers/encoders not listed below can still be approved under 400W/500W Series AML STC
SA01933LA if all of the following conditions are met:
•
The altitude serializer/encoder is TSO approved;
•
The installation of the altitude serializer/encoder was previously FAA-approved;
•
The interface check for the altitude serializer/encoder described in section 5.4.4 (serial interface)
or 5.4.5 (parallel / gray code interface) must be successfully completed.
480H
481H
Manufacturer
ARNAV
Electronics International
Icarus Instruments
JP Instruments
Sandia
Shadin
Trans-Cal Industries
ACK Technologies
Page G-2
Rev. F
Model
FC-10
FT-10
FP-5L
3000
EDM-700
SAE 5-35
8800T
9000T
9200T
F/ADC-200
F/ADC-2000
91204XT(38)D
(Miniflo-L)
91053XP (Digiflo-L)
91053XT-D (DigifloL)
91802-( ) (Digidata)
IA-RS232-X
SSD120
A-30
Data Format
Notes
RS-232
RS-232
RS-232
RS-232
Mod 8 and above
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
G.4
Autopilots
Autopilots that will be coupled to GPS vertical guidance for GPS approaches must be specifically listed
in the table below.
Autopilots not listed in Appendix G can still be approved under 400W/500W Series AML STC
SA01933LA if all of the following conditions are met:
482H
•
The installation of the autopilot was previously FAA-approved;
•
All interfaces between the 400W Series unit and the autopilot are analog;
•
The installation must use existing navigation signals which interface the autopilot to a standard
VHF navigation receiver (i.e. CDI/HSI L/R and Up/Dn)
•
A successful in-air flight check must be completed prior to returning the aircraft to service.
•
The AFMS is properly competed, limiting the GPS to lateral coupling only (LNAV)
If these conditions are met the interface can be approved under AML STC SA01933LA. These autopilots
are limited to those operations for which they were previously FAA-approved when interfaced with the
other TC’d or STC’d navigation units (e.g. if the previous unit was installed and approved for coupled
VOR, ILS, LOC, BC and GPS LNAV approaches, this upgraded installation will also be approved for
these operations; however, GPS and RNAV approaches with GPS/WAAS-based vertical guidance
(LNAV+V, L/VNAV and LPV modes on the 400W series unit) are not authorized when coupled to the
autopilot).
NOTE
Contact Garmin to remove VNAV limitations.
Mfr.
Honeywell
(Bendix/King)
Century
S-TEC
Model
Data Format
Notes
KAP 100/140/150
KFC 150/200/250/275/300/325
Analog Deviation,
Discrete
If an EFIS is installed, the 400W is
connected to the EFIS using ARINC 429
and the EFIS interfaces to the autopilot.
The 400W is not connected directly to the
autopilot.
KFC 225
Analog Deviation,
Discrete,
ARINC 429 GPSS
I/II/III/IV
21/31/41
2000
Triden
AK 1081
System Twenty/Thirty/40/50
55/60-1/60-2/60 PSS/65
System Fifty Five X
ST-901
300B/400B/800B
Cessna
300 IFCS/400 IFCS/800 IFCS
Bendix
M4C, M4D
Collins
APS 65 ( )
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Analog Deviation,
Discrete
ARINC 429 GPSS
Analog Deviation,
Discrete
Analog Deviation,
Discrete,
ARINC 429 GPSS
ARINC 429 GPSS
Analog Deviation,
Discrete
Analog Deviation,
Discrete
Analog Deviation,
Discrete
Analog Deviation,
Discrete
GPSS Roll Steering Converter
GPSS Roll Steering Converter
(CA550A/FD computer)
400A Nav-o-matic (CA530FD computer)
Page G-3
Rev. F
G.5
Encoding Altimeter or Blind Encoder (Gray Code)
Encoding altimeters or blind encoders not listed below can still be approved under 400W/500W Series
AML STC SA01933LA if all of the following conditions are met:
•
The altitude encoding altimeter / encoder is TSO approved;
•
The installation of the altitude encoder was previously FAA-approved;
•
The interface check for the altitude encoder described in section 5.4.4 (serial interface) or 5.4.5
(parallel / gray code interface) must be successfully completed.
483H
Manufacturer
Honeywell (Bendix/King)
Sandia
Terra
Trans-Cal Industries
G.6
Model
KEA-130A
KEA-346
SAE-35
AT-3000
IA-RS-232-X
SSD120
48H
Data Format
Notes
Parallel Gray Code
Parallel Gray Code
Parallel Gray Code
Parallel Gray Code
Parallel Gray Code
EFIS Displays
Manufacturer
Model
Data Format
Garmin
G600
(GDU 620)
ARINC 429
RS-232
Honeywell (Bendix/King)
EFS 40/50
(SG 465)
ARINC 429
Avidyne
EXP5000
P/N 700-00006-( )
ARINC 429
G.7
Notes
400W/500W Series
software version 3.10 or
later is required.
400W/500W series
software version 3.00 or
later is required.
SG 465 software 1101 or
later is required.
Vertical guidance is
provided for GPS
approaches.
PFD software
P/N 530-00194-( ) or later
is required.
EHSI
Manufacturer
Model
Data Format
SN 3308
Analog/ARINC
429
SN3500
ARINC 429
Sandel
Page G-4
Rev. F
Notes
GPS lateral and vertical
guidance is provided
using the analog
interface.
Vertical guidance is
provided for GPS
approaches.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
G.8
IRU/AHRS
Manufacturer
Honeywell (Bendix/King)
Collins
Honeywell (Bendix/King)
Litef
Litton
G.9
Model
KAU 461
AHC 85E
Laseref
HG 1075 AB
HG 1095 AB
LTR 81
LTN 90-100
LTN-91
LTN-92
Data Format
ARINC 429
ARINC 429
ARINC 429
ARINC 429
ARINC 429
ARINC 429
ARINC 429
ARINC 429
ARINC 429
Notes
Data Format
Notes
NAV Indicator
Manufacturer
Honeywell (Bendix/King)
Century
Collins
Garmin
S-TEC
Sperry
Mid Continent
Model
KI 202A
KI 203
KI 204
KI 206
KI 208/A
KI 209/A
KI 525A
KPI 552/B
KPI 553/A/B
NSD 360A
NSD 1000
331A-6P
331A-9G
PN101 (331A-3F/3G)
GI 102/A
GI 106/A
ST 180
RD 444
RD 550A
RD 650
MD222-402
MD222-406
G.10 Weather, Traffic and Terrain
Manufacturer
Garmin
Honeywell (Bendix/King)
L3 Communications
Ryan
Model
GDL 69
GTX 330
KGP 560
KTA 870 (KTA 810)
KMH 880 (KMH 820)
KTA 970 (KTA 910) [1]
KMH 980 (KMH 920) [1]
SKY497 (SkyWatch)
SKY899 (SkyWatch HP)
WX-500
9900B/BX
Data Format
RS-232
ARINC 429
RS-232
ARINC 429
ARINC 429
ARINC 429
ARINC 429
ARINC 429
ARINC 429
RS-232
RS-232
Notes
High Speed
High Speed
High Speed
High Speed
High Speed
High Speed
High Speed
[1] 400W series main software version 3.00 or later is required.
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page G-5
Rev. F
G.11 DME
Manufacturer
ARC
Honeywell (Bendix/King)
Collins
S-TEC
Narco
Model
RTA-476A
KN61
KN62/62A
KN63/KDI 572/KDI 574
KN64
KN65
KDM 706/KDI 572/KDI 574
DME 40
DME 42
TCR-451
DME 890
IDME 891
Data Format
Notes
Parallel Slip Code
Parallel 2x5 or King Serial
King Serial
King Serial
Parallel Slip Code
King Serial
Parallel 2x5
Parallel 2x5
Parallel 2x5
Parallel 2x5
G.12 CDI/HSI Source Selection Annunciators
An external CDI/HSI Source Selection Annunciation or external GPS annunciations may be required for
some installations – see Section 2.5.1.1 for additional information describing when external annunciation
is required. The following indicators and indicator/switches are suitable for external annunciation:
485H
Manufacturer
Staco Switch
Staco Switch
Part Number
992561-1241762200
992561-1241862200
95-40-17-B6-AW724
Type
Indicator
Indicator
Indicator
95-45-11-B6-AW724
Indicator/Switch
MD41-1408A
MD41-1404A
MD41-1418A
MD41-1414A
MD41-1468A
MD41-1478A
MD41-1464A
MD41-1474A
MD41-1470
MD41-1484W
MD41-1488W
Indicator/Switch/
GPS
Annunciations
Vivisun
Vivisun
Mid-Continent
Notes
14VDC Indicator
28VDC Indicator
28VDC Indicator (can be converted to
14VDC operation by replacing qty 4
28VDC lamps with 14VDC lamps P/N
14-113).
28VDC Indicator with momentary switch
(can be converted to 14VDC operation
by replacing qty 4 28VDC lamps with
14VDC lamps P/N 14-113).
Both 14VDC and 28VDC indicators
(refer to Mid-Continent documentation
for availability of switch functions on
each unit)
Vendor Contact Information (provided for convenience only):
• Staco Switch, 1139 Baker Street Costa Mesa, CA 92626
Phone: (877) STACO4U
• Vivisun Aerospace Optics, 3201 Sandy Lane Fort Worth, Texas 76112
Phone: (888) VIVISUN
• Mid-Continent Instrument Co Inc., 9400 E. 34th Street N., Wichita, KS 67226, Phone: (316) 630-0101
Page G-6
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
G.13 Multifunction Displays
Manufacturer
Model
Data Format
MX20
RS-232
GMX 200
RS-232
Garmin
Avidyne
EX500
P/N 700-00007-( )
EX5000
P/N 700-00004-( )
or
P/N 700-00030-( )
ARINC 429
ARINC 429
Notes
“Avtn no alt” format for MX20 version 5.5
and earlier.
“Aviation” format for MX20 version 5.6
and later. (MX20 will not accept GPS
altitude even though it is part of
“Aviation” format).
“MapMX” format for MX20 version 5.6 or
later. [1]
“Aviation” format
“MapMX” format (preferred) [1]
MFD software P/N 530-00193-( ) or later
is required
MFD software P/N 530-00195-( ) or later
is required
[1] Main software version 3.10 or later.
G.14 Interface Adapters
Manufacturer
Garmin
Model
GAD 42
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Data Format
Notes
ARINC 429
Page G-7
Rev. F
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Page G-8
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Appendix H STC APPROVED INSTALLATION DIAGRAMS
279B
H.1
Introduction
The equipment interconnect diagrams defined in this appendix are approved per the 400W/500W Series
unit AML STC SA01933LA.
H.2
Drawing List
The following drawings are included in this section:
Figure H-1. 400W Series System Interface Diagram
Figure H-2. GNS 430W Typical Installation
Figure H-3. GNC 420W Typical Installation
Figure H-4. GPS 400W Typical Installation
Figure H-5. Power, Lighting, and Antenna Interconnect
Figure H-6. Gray Code Altimeter Interconnect
Figure H-7. Main Indicator Interconnect
Figure H-8. KI 209A Main Indicator Interconnect
Figure H-9. KI 208A Main Indicator Interconnect
Figure H-10. RS-232 Serial Data Interconnect
Figure H-11. ARINC 429 EFIS Interconnect
Figure H-12. ARINC 429 Sandel EHSI Interconnect (One 400W Series Unit, One Sandel SN3308)
Figure H-13. ARINC 429 Sandel EHSI Interconnect (Two GNS 430W, One Sandel SN3308)
Figure H-14. ARINC 429 Sandel EHSI Interconnect (Two GNS 430W, Two Sandel SN3308)
Figure H-15. ARINC 429/RS-232 Air Data/IRU/AHRS Interconnect
Figure H-16. Traffic Advisory System Interconnect
Figure H-17. GTX 330 Interconnect
Figure H-18. Weather and Terrain Interconnect
Figure H-19. Audio Panel Interconnect
Figure H-20. VOR/ILS Indicator Interconnect
Figure H-21. RMI/OBI Interconnect
Figure H-22. King Serial Panel DME Tuning Interconnect
Figure H-23. King Serial Remote DME Tuning Interconnect
Figure H-24. Parallel 2 of 5 DME Tuning Interconnect
Figure H-25. Bendix/King Analog Autopilot Interconnect
Figure H-26. Century Autopilot Interconnect
Figure H-27. S-TEC Autopilot Interconnect
Figure H-28. ARINC 429 Sandel EHSI Interconnect (One 400W, One Sandel SN3500)
Figure H-29. External Navigation Source and GPS Annunciators
Figure H-30. Parallel Slip Code DME Tuning Interconnect
Figure H-31. Cessna Autopilot Interconnect
Figure H-32. Bendix Autopilot Interconnect
Figure H-33. Switches Interconnect
Figure H-34. ARINC 429 Avidyne PFD/MFD Interconnect
Figure H-35. Collins Autopilot Interconnect
Figure H-36. Garmin GAD 42 Interconnect
Figure H-37. Garmin G600 Interconnect
486H
487H
48H
489H
490H
491H
492H
493H
49H
495H
496H
497H
498H
49H
50H
501H
502H
503H
504H
50H
506H
507H
508H
509H
510H
51H
512H
513H
514H
51H
516H
517H
518H
519H
520H
521H
52H
400W Series Installation Manual
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Page H-1
Rev. F
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Page H-2
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
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Figure H-1. 400W Series System Interface Diagram
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page H-3
Rev. F
Figure H-2. GNS 430W Typical Installation
Sheet 1 of 2
Page H-4
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Figure H-2. GNS 430W Typical Installation
Sheet 2 of 2
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page H-5
Rev. F
Figure H-3. GNC 420W Typical Installation
Sheet 1 of 2
Page H-6
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Figure H-3. GNC 420W Typical Installation
Sheet 2 of 2
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page H-7
Rev. F
Figure H-4. GPS 400W Typical Installation
Sheet 1 of 2
Page H-8
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Figure H-4. GPS 400W Typical Installation
Sheet 2 of 2
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page H-9
Rev. F
Figure H-5. Power, Lighting, and Antenna Interconnect
Sheet 1 of 3
Page H-10
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Figure H-5. Power, Lighting, and Antenna Interconnect
Sheet 2 of 3
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page H-11
Rev. F
Figure H-5. Power, Lighting, and Antenna Interconnect
Sheet 3 of 3
Page H-12
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Figure H-6. Gray Code Altimeter Interconnect
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page H-13
Rev. F
Figure H-7. Main Indicator Interconnect
Page H-14
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Figure H-8. KI 209A Main Indicator Interconnect
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page H-15
Rev. F
Figure H-9. KI 208A Main Indicator Interconnect
Page H-16
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Figure H-10. RS-232 Serial Data Interconnect
Sheet 1 of 2
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page H-17
Rev. F
Figure H-10. RS-232 Serial Data Interconnect
Sheet 2 of 2
Page H-18
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Figure H-11. ARINC 429 EFIS Interconnect
Sheet 1 of 2
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page H-19
Rev. F
H-11. ARINC 429 EFIS Interconnect
Sheet 2 of 2
Page H-20
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Figure H-12. ARINC 429 Sandel EHSI Interconnect (One 400W Series Unit, One Sandel SN3308)
Sheet 1 of 2
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page H-21
Rev. F
Figure H-12. ARINC 429 Sandel EHSI Interconnect (One 400W Series Unit, One Sandel SN3308)
Sheet 2 of 2
Page H-22
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Figure H-13. ARINC 429 Sandel EHSI Interconnect (Two GNS 430W, One Sandel SN3308)
Sheet 1 of 2
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page H-23
Rev. F
Figure H-13. ARINC 429 Sandel EHSI Interconnect (Two GNS 430W, One Sandel SN3308)
Sheet 2 of 2
Page H-24
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
THE TWO GNS 430W/TWO SN3308s
CONFIGURATION IS CURRENTLY
NOT SUPPORTED
Figure H-14. ARINC 429 Sandel EHSI Interconnect (Two GNS 430W, Two Sandel SN3308)
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page H-25
Rev. F
Figure H-15. ARINC 429/RS-232 Air Data/IRU/AHRS Interconnect
Sheet 1 of 2
Page H-26
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Figure H-15. ARINC 429/RS-232 Air Data/IRU/AHRS Interconnect
Sheet 2 of 2
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page H-27
Rev. F
Figure H-16. Traffic Advisory System Interconnect
Sheet 1 of 2
Page H-28
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Figure H-16. Traffic Advisory System Interconnect
Sheet 2 of 2
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page H-29
Rev. F
Figure H-17. GTX 330 Interconnect
Page H-30
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Figure H-18. Weather and Terrain Interconnect
Sheet 1 of 2
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page H-31
Rev. F
Figure H-18. Weather and Terrain Interconnect
Sheet 2 of 2
Page H-32
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Figure H-19. Audio Panel Interconnect
Sheet 1 of 2
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page H-33
Rev. F
Figure H-19. Audio Panel Interconnect
Sheet 2 of 2
Page H-34
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Figure H-20. VOR/ILS Indicator Interconnect
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page H-35
Rev. F
Figure H-21. RMI/OBI Interconnect
Page H-36
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Figure H-22. King Serial Panel DME Tuning Interconnect
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page H-37
Rev. F
Figure H-23. King Serial Remote DME Tuning Interconnect
Page H-38
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Figure H-24. Parallel 2 of 5 DME Tuning Interconnect
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page H-39
Rev. F
Figure H-25. Bendix/King Analog Autopilot Interconnect
Page H-40
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
`
Figure H-26. Century Autopilot Interconnect
Sheet 1 of 2
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page H-41
Rev. F
{
}
Figure H-26. Century Autopilot Interconnect
Sheet 2 of 2
Page H-42
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Figure H-27. S-TEC Autopilot Interconnect
Sheet 1 of 2
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page H-43
Rev. F
Figure H-27. S-TEC Autopilot Interconnect
Sheet 2 of 2
Page H-44
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Figure H-28. ARINC 429 Sandel EHSI Interconnect (One 400W, One Sandel SN3500)
Sheet 1 of 2
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page H-45
Rev. F
Figure H-28. ARINC 429 Sandel EHSI Interconnect (One 400W, One Sandel SN3500)
Sheet 2 of 2
Page H-46
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
EXTERNAL NAVIGATION SOURCE SELECTION ANNUNCIATORS
STACO INDICATOR CONNECTION
GARMIN
400W/420W/430W P4001
VLOC ANNUNCIATE
P1
1
N/C
GPS ANNUNCIATE
2
VLOC (W)
5
P1
2
3
9
6
11
12
(WHITE)
VLOC
(GREEN)
GPS
3
4
LAMP VOLTAGE FROM
DIMMER CIRCUIT
GPS (G)
NAV/GPS INDICATOR
VIVISUN INDICATOR CONNECTION
GARMIN
400W/420W/430W P4001
VLOC ANNUNCIATE
1
P1
VLOC (W)
C
6
P1
2
D
VLOC
(GREEN)
GPS
4
B
LAMP VOLTAGE FROM
DIMMER CIRCUIT
G
GPS ANNUNCIATE
(WHITE)
A
GPS (G)
NAV/GPS INDICATOR
VIVISUN INDICATOR/SWITCH CONNECTION
GARMIN
400W/420W/430W P4001
VLOC ANNUNCIATE
1
P1
VLOC (W)
C
P1
2
(WHITE)
VLOC
(GREEN)
GPS
4
B
G
GPS ANNUNCIATE
7
D
LAMP VOLTAGE FROM
DIMMER CIRCUIT
A
GPS (G)
CDI SOURCE
SELECT
73
1
3
NAV/GPS INDICATOR
SWITCH
Figure H-29. External Navigation Source and GPS Annunciators
Sheet 1 of 2
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page H-47
Rev. F
EXTERNAL GPS ANNUNCIATIONS
MID-CONTINENT ACU CONNECTION
GARMIN
400W/420W/430W
P4001
VLOC ANNUNCIATE 1
GPS ANNUNCIATE 2
WAYPOINT ANNUNCIATE
3
TERMINAL ANNUNCIATE 4
APPROACH ANNUNCIATE 5
MESSAGE ANNUNCIATE 6
OBS ANNUNCIATE 7
INTEGRITY ANNUNCIATE 9
OBS MODE SELECT 71
CDI SOURCE SELECT 73
8
MID-CONTINENT MD41-xxxx
-1484W -1404A/1408A -1464A/1474A
-1488W -1414A/1418A -1468A/1478A
J1
J1
J1
7
8
2
4
6
3
1
-
8
3
9
10
24
20
12
-
2
1
8
3
9
10
24
20
12
4
MD41-14xx
GPS ACU
1470
J1
2
1
8
3
9
10
24
20
12
-
VLOC ANN
GPS ANN
WPT ANN
TERM ANN
APR ANN
MSG ANN
OBS ANN
INTG ANN
OBS MODE SELECT
CDI SOURCE SELECT
9
NOTES:
1. ALL WIRES 24 AWG OR LARGER UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED.
2. IF A CDI/HSI SOURCE SELECTION ANNUNCIATOR IS REQUIRED, INDICATORS ON THIS PAGE ARE
SUITABLE TO MEET THE ANNUNCIATION REQUIREMENT.
3 THE PREFERRED ANNUNCIATION IS VLOC / GPS, ALTHOUGH NAV / GPS WILL BE ACCEPTABLE.
4 LEGENDS ARE HIDDEN (BLACK) WHEN NOT ILLUMINATED.
5 STACO SWITCH INDICATOR P/N 992561-1241762200 (14V SYSTEMS) AND
P/N 992561-1241862200 (28V SYSTEMS) SHOWN.
6 VIVISUN INDICATOR P/N 95-40-17-B6-AW724 (28V SYSTEMS) SHOWN. INDICATOR MAY BE
CONVERTED TO 14V OPERATION BY REPLACING 28V LAMPS WITH 14V LAMPS P/N 14-113.
7 VIVISUN INDICATOR WITH MOMENTARY SWITCH P/N 95-45-11-B6-AW724 (28V SYSTEMS) SHOWN.
INDICATOR MAY BE CONVERTED TO 14V OPERATION BY REPLACING 28V LAMPS WITH 14V
LAMPS P/N 14-113.
8 THESE UNITS ALSO PROVIDE NAVIGATION SOURCE SELECTION ANNUNCIATION. MIDCONTINENT ANNUNCIATION CONTROL UNITS FOR BOTH 14V AND 28V SYSTEMS SHOWN. THIS
DIAGRAM IS PROVIDED TO SHOW INTERCONNECTION BETWEEN GNS 400W SERIES UNIT AND
ACU ONLY. REFER TO MID-CONTINENT INSTALLATION MANUALS FOR ADDITIONAL INSTALLATION
INFORMATION.
9 CDI SOURCE SELECTION AND ANNUNCIATION IS DONE WITH EXTERNAL RELAYS. REFER TO MIDCONTINENT INSTALLATION MANUAL FOR ADDITIONAL INSTALLATION INFORMATION.
Figure H-29. External Navigation Source and GPS Annunciators
Sheet 2 of 2
Page H-48
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Figure H-30. Parallel Slip Code DME Tuning Interconnect
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page H-49
Rev. F
Figure H-31. Cessna Autopilot Interconnect
Page H-50
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Figure H-32. Bendix Autopilot Interconnect
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page H-51
Rev. F
Figure H-33. Switches Interconnect
Page H-52
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Figure H-34. ARINC 429 Avidyne PFD/MFD Interconnect
Sheet 1 of 2
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page H-53
Rev. F
Figure H-34. ARINC 429 Avidyne PFD/MFD Interconnect
Sheet 2 of 2
Page H-54
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
COLLINS
Figure H-35. Collins Autopilot Interconnect
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page H-55
Rev. F
Figure H-36. Garmin GAD 42 Interconnect
Page H-56
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Figure H-37. Garmin G600 Interconnect
400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-02
Page H-57
Rev. F
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Page H-58
Rev. F
400W Series Installation Manual
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