Siemens T1000 Service manual

SPARC® Enterprise T1000 Server
Service Manual
Manual Code : C120-E384-01EN
Part No. 875-4022-10
April 2007
Copyright 2007 Sun Microsystems, Inc., 4150 Network Circle, Santa Clara, California 95054, U.S.A. All rights reserved.
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TOUTE GARANTIE IMPLICITE RELATIVE A LA QUALITE MARCHANDE, A L’APTITUDE A UNE UTILISATION PARTICULIERE OU A
L’ABSENCE DE CONTREFACON.
Contents
Preface
1.
2.
3.
xv
Safety Information
1–1
1.1
Safety Information
1–1
1.2
Safety Symbols
1.3
Electrostatic Discharge Safety
1–1
1–2
1.3.1
Using an Antistatic Wrist Strap
1.3.2
Using an Antistatic Mat
Server Overview
1–2
2–1
2.1
Server Overview
2.2
Obtaining the Chassis Serial Number
Server Diagnostics
3.1
3.2
2–1
2–3
3–1
Overview of Server Diagnostics
3.1.1
1–2
3–1
Memory Configuration and Fault Handling
3.1.1.1
Memory Configuration
3.1.1.2
Memory Fault Handling
3.1.1.3
Troubleshooting Memory Faults
Using LEDs to Identify the State of Devices
3.2.1
Front and Rear Panel LEDs
3–6
3–7
3–7
3–8
3–8
3–10
v
3.2.2
3.3
Connecting to ALOM
3.3.1.2
Switching Between the System Console and ALOM
14
3.3.1.3
Service-Related ALOM CMT Commands
Running the showenvironment Command
3.3.4
Running the showfru Command
Running POST
vi
3–
3–14
3–16
3–17
3–19
3–22
3.4.1
Controlling How POST Runs
3.4.2
Changing POST Parameters
3.4.3
Reasons to Run POST
3–22
3–26
3–27
3.4.3.1
Verifying Hardware Functionality
3–27
3.4.3.2
Diagnosing the System Hardware
3–28
3.4.4
Running POST in Maximum Mode
3.4.5
Correctable Errors Detected by POST
3–28
3–35
3.4.5.1
Correctable Errors for Single DIMMs
3.4.5.2
Determining When to Replace Detected Devices
Clearing POST Detected Faults
3–36
Identifying PSH Detected Faults
3–39
3–40
Using the fmdump Command to Identify Faults
Clearing PSH Detected Faults
3–41
3–43
Collecting Information From Solaris OS Files and Commands
3.6.1
Checking the Message Buffer
3.6.2
Viewing System Message Log Files
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
3–37
3–38
Using the Solaris Predictive Self-Healing Feature
3.5.1.1
3.6
3–13
3.3.3
3.5.2
3–13
3.3.1.1
Running the showfaults Command
3.5.1
3–11
Running ALOM CMT Service-Related Commands
3.3.2
3.4.6
3.5
3–11
Using ALOM CMT for Diagnosis and Repair Verification
3.3.1
3.4
Power Supply LEDs
3–44
3–45
3–44
3.7
3.8
4.
3.7.1
Displaying System Components
3.7.2
Disabling Components
3.7.3
Enabling Disabled Components
5.2
5.3
5.4
3–46
3–48
3–48
3.8.1
Checking Whether SunVTS Software Is Installed
3.8.2
Exercising the System Using SunVTS Software
3.8.3
Using SunVTS Software
3–48
3–49
3–50
4–1
Common Procedures for Parts Replacement
4–1
4.1.1
Required Tools
4–2
4.1.2
Shutting the System Down
4.1.3
Removing the Server From a Rack
4.1.4
Performing Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Prevention Measures
4–5
4.1.5
Removing the Top Cover
Replacing Field-Replaceable Units
5.1
3–
3–47
Exercising the System With SunVTS
Preparing for Servicing
4.1
5.
Managing Components With Automatic System Recovery Commands
45
4–2
4–3
4–5
5–1
Replacing the Optional PCI-Express Card
5–2
5.1.1
Removing the Optional PCI-Express Card
5.1.2
Installing the Optional PCI-Express Card
Replacing the Fan Tray Assembly
5–3
5–4
5.2.1
Removing the Fan Tray Assembly
5.2.2
Installing the Fan Tray Assembly
Replacing the Power Supply
5–2
5–4
5–5
5–5
5.3.1
Removing the Power Supply
5–5
5.3.2
Installing the Power Supply
5–6
Replacing the Hard Drive Assembly
5–7
Contents
vii
5.5
5.4.1
Removing the Single-Drive Assembly
5.4.2
Installing the Dual-Drive Assembly
Replacing a Hard Drive
5.5.1
5.5.2
5.6
5.7
5.8
6.
5–12
5–12
5.5.1.1
Removing the Hard Drive in a Single-Drive Assembly
5–12
5.5.1.2
Installing the Hard Drive in a Single-Drive Assembly
5–13
Replacing a Hard Drive in a Dual-Drive Assembly
5–15
5.5.2.1
Removing a Hard Drive in a Dual-Drive Assembly
15
5.5.2.2
Installing the Hard Drive in a Dual-Drive Assembly
17
Replacing DIMMs
5–19
5.6.1
Removing DIMMs
5.6.2
Installing DIMMs
5–19
5–21
Replacing the Motherboard and Chassis
5–25
5.7.1
Removing the Motherboard and Chassis
5.7.2
Installing the Motherboard and Chassis
Replacing the Clock Battery
5–25
5–25
5–27
5.8.1
Removing the Clock Battery on the Motherboard
5.8.2
Installing the Clock Battery on the Motherboard
6–1
Final Service Procedures
6–1
6.1.1
Replacing the Top Cover
6.1.2
Reinstalling the Server Chassis in the Rack
6.1.3
Applying Power to the Server
A. Field-Replaceable Units
viii
5–8
Replacing a Hard Drive in a Single-Drive Assembly
Finishing Up Servicing
6.1
5–7
A–1
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
6–1
6–2
6–1
5–27
5–27
5–
5–
Index
Index–1
Contents
ix
x
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
Figures
FIGURE 2-1
Server
2–1
FIGURE 2-2
Server Components
FIGURE 2-3
Server Front Panel
FIGURE 2-4
Server Rear Panel 2–3
FIGURE 3-1
Diagnostic Flow Chart
FIGURE 3-2
LEDs on the Server Front Panel
3–8
FIGURE 3-3
LEDs on the Server Rear Panel
3–9
FIGURE 3-4
ALOM CMT Fault Management
3–12
FIGURE 3-5
Flow Chart of ALOM CMT Variables for POST Configuration
FIGURE 3-6
SunVTS GUI
FIGURE 3-7
SunVTS Test Selection Panel
3–52
FIGURE 4-1
Unlocking a Mounting Bracket
4–4
FIGURE 4-2
Location of the Mounting Bracket Release Buttons
FIGURE 4-3
Location of Top Cover Release Button
FIGURE 5-1
Releasing the PCI-Express Card Release Lever
FIGURE 5-2
Removing and Installing the PCI-Express Card
FIGURE 5-3
Removing the Fan Tray Assembly
FIGURE 5-4
Removing the Power Supply
FIGURE 5-5
Installing the Power Supply
FIGURE 5-6
Removing the Single-Drive Assembly
2–2
2–2
3–3
3–25
3–51
4–4
4–6
5–2
5–3
5–4
5–6
5–7
5–8
xi
FIGURE 5-7
Location of Drive Power and Data Connectors on the Motherboard
FIGURE 5-8
Installing the Drive Assembly
FIGURE 5-9
Removing the Single-Drive Assembly
FIGURE 5-10
Installing the Single-Drive Assembly
FIGURE 5-11
Location of Drive Power and Data Connectors on the Motherboard
FIGURE 5-12
Removing the Dual-Drive Assembly
FIGURE 5-13
Installing the Dual-Drive Assembly
FIGURE 5-14
DIMM Locations
FIGURE 5-15
Removing the Clock Battery From the Motherboard
FIGURE 5-16
Installing the Clock Battery on the Motherboard
FIGURE A-1
Field-Replaceable Units
xii
5–9
5–10
5–13
5–14
5–16
5–18
5–20
A–2
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
5–27
5–28
5–15
Tables
TABLE 3-1
Diagnostic Flow Chart Actions
3–4
TABLE 3-2
Front and Rear Panel LEDs
TABLE 3-3
Power Supply LEDs
TABLE 3-4
Service-Related ALOM CMT Commands
TABLE 3-5
ALOM CMT Parameters Used for POST Configuration
TABLE 3-6
ALOM CMT Parameters and POST Modes
TABLE 3-7
ASR Commands 3–46
TABLE 3-8
Useful SunVTS Tests to Run on This Server
TABLE 5-1
DIMM Names and Socket Numbers
TABLE A-1
Server FRU List
3–10
3–11
3–14
3–23
3–26
3–52
5–20
A–3
xiii
xiv
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
Preface
The SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual provides information to aid in
troubleshooting problems with and replacing components within SPARC Enterprise
T1000 servers.
This manual is written for technicians, service personnel, and system administrators
who service and repair computer systems. The person qualified to use this manual:
■
■
■
■
Can open a system chassis, identify, and replace internal components
Understands the Solaris Operating System and the command-line interface
Has superuser privileges for the system being serviced
Understands typical hardware troubleshooting tasks
FOR SAFE OPERATION
This manual contains important information regarding the use and handling of this
product. Read this manual thoroughly. Pay special attention to the section “Notes on
Safety” on page xx. Use the product according to the instructions and information
available in this manual. Keep this manual handy for further reference.
Fujitsu makes every effort to prevent users and bystanders from being injured or
from suffering damage to their property. Use the product according to this manual.
xv
Structure and Contents of This Manual
This manual is organized as described below:
■
Chapter 1 Safety Information
Provides important safety information for servicing the server.
■
Chapter 2 Server Overview
Describes the main features of the server.
■
Chapter 3 Server Diagnostics
Describes the diagnostics that are available for monitoring and troubleshooting
the server.
■
Chapter 4 Preparing for Servicing
Describes how to prepare for servicing the server.
■
Chapter 5 Replacing Field-Replaceable Units
Describes how to remove and replace the FRUS within the server.
■
Chapter 6 Finishing Up Servicing
Describes how to finish up the servicing of the server.
■
Appendix A Field-Replaceable Units
Lists the field replaceable components in the server.
■
Index
Provides keywords and corresponding reference page numbers so that the reader
can easily search for items in this manual as necessary.
Related Documentation
The latest versions of all the SPARC Enterprise Series manuals are available at the
following Web sites:
Global Site
http://www.fujitsu.com/sparcenterprise/manual/
Japanese Site
http://primeserver.fujitsu.com/sparcenterprise/manual/
xvi SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
Title
Description
Manual Code
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Product
Notes
Information about the latest
product updates and issues
C120-E381
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Site
Planning Guide
Server specifications for site
planning
C120-H018
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Getting
Started Guide
Information about where to find
documentation to get your
system installed and running
quickly
C120-E379
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server
Overview Guide
Provides an overview of the
features of this server
C120-E380
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server
Installation Guide
Detailed rackmounting, cabling,
power on, and configuring
information
C120-E383
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server
Administration Guide
How to perform administrative
tasks that are specific to this
server
C120-E385
Advanced Lights Out Management
(ALOM) CMT vx.x Guide
How to use the Advanced Lights
Out Manager (ALOM) software
C120-E386
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Safety
and Compliance Guide
Safety and compliance
information about this server
C120-E382
Note – The product notes document is available on the website only. Please check
for the recent update on your product.
■
Manuals included on the Enhanced Support Facility CD-ROM disk
■
Remote maintenance service
Title
Manual Code
Enhanced Support Facility User's Guide for REMCS
C112-B067
Preface
xvii
Using UNIX Commands
This document might not contain information about basic UNIX® commands and
procedures such as shutting down the system, booting the system, and configuring
devices. Refer to the following for this information:
■
Software documentation that you received with your system
■
Solaris™ Operating System documentation, which is at:
http://docs.sun.com
Text Conventions
This manual uses the following fonts and symbols to express specific types of
information.
Typeface*
Meaning
Example
AaBbCc123
The names of commands, files and
directories; on-screen computer
output
Edit your.login file.
Use ls -a to list all files.
% You have mail.
AaBbCc123
What you type, when contrasted
with on-screen computer output
% su
Password:
AaBbCc123
Book titles, new words or terms,
words to be emphasized.
Replace command-line variables
with real names or values.
Read Chapter 6 in the User’s
Guide.
These are called class options.
You must be superuser to do this.
To delete a file, type rm filename.
* The settings on your browser might differ from these settings.
xviii
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
Prompt Notations
The following prompt notations are used in this manual.
Shell
Prompt Notations
C shell
machine-name%
C shell superuser
machine-name#
Bourne shell and Korn shell
$
Bourne shell and Korn shell and Korn shell superuser
#
Conventions for Alert Messages
This manual uses the following conventions to show alert messages, which are
intended to prevent injury to the user or bystanders as well as property damage, and
important messages that are useful to the user.
Warning – This indicates a hazardous situation that could result in death or serious
personal injury (potential hazard) if the user does not perform the procedure
correctly.
Caution – This indicates a hazardous situation that could result in minor or
moderate personal injury if the user does not perform the procedure correctly. This
signal also indicates that damage to the product or other property may occur if the
user does not perform the procedure correctly.
Alert Messages in the Text
An alert message in the text consists of a signal indicating an alert level followed by an alert
statement. Alert messages are indented to distinguish them from regular text. Also, a space of
one line precedes and follows an alert statement.
Preface
xix
Caution – The following tasks regarding this product and the optional products
provided from Fujitsu should only be performed by a certified service engineer.
Users must not perform these tasks. Incorrect operation of these tasks may cause
malfunction.
■
Unpacking optional adapters and such packages delivered to the users
Also, important alert messages are shown in “Important Alert Messages” on
page xx.
Notes on Safety
Important Alert Messages
This manual provides the following important alert signals:
Caution – This indicates a hazardous situation could result in minor or moderate
personal injury if the user does not perform the procedure correctly. This signal also
indicates that damage to the product or other property may occur if the user does
not perform the procedure correctly.
xx
Task
Warning
Maintenance
Electric shock
The system supplies 3.3 Vdc standby power to the circuit boards even
when the system is powered off if the AC power cord is plugged in.
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
Product Handling
Maintenance
Warning – Certain tasks in this manual should only be performed by a certified
service engineer. User must not perform these tasks. Incorrect operation of these
tasks may cause electric shock, injury, or fire.
■
Installation and reinstallation of all components, and initial settings
■
Removal of front, rear, or side covers
■
Mounting/de-mounting of optional internal devices
■
Plugging or unplugging of external interface cards
■
Maintenance and inspections (repairing, and regular diagnosis and maintenance)
Caution – The following tasks regarding this product and the optional products
provided from Fujitsu should only be performed by a certified service engineer.
Users must not perform these tasks. Incorrect operation of these tasks may cause
malfunction.
■
Unpacking optional adapters and such packages delivered to the users
■
Plugging or unplugging of external interface cards
Remodeling/Rebuilding
Caution – Do not make mechanical or electrical modifications to the equipment.
Using this product after modifying or reproducing by overhaul may cause
unexpected injury or damage to the property of the user or bystanders.
Preface
xxi
Alert Labels
The followings are labels attached to this product:
■
Never peel off the labels.
■
The following labels provide information to the users of this product.
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SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
CHAPTER
1
Safety Information
This chapter provides important safety information for servicing the server.
The following topics are covered:
■
■
■
1.1
Section 1.1, “Safety Information” on page 1-1
Section 1.2, “Safety Symbols” on page 1-1
Section 1.3, “Electrostatic Discharge Safety” on page 1-2
Safety Information
This section describes safety information you need to know prior to removing or
installing parts in the server.
For your protection, observe the following safety precautions when setting up your
equipment:
1.2
■
Follow all standard cautions, warnings, and instructions marked on the
equipment and described in Important Safety Information for Hardware Systems,
C120-E391.
■
Ensure that the voltage and frequency of your power source match the voltage
and frequency inscribed on the equipment’s electrical rating label.
■
Follow the electrostatic discharge safety practices as described in this Section 1.3,
“Electrostatic Discharge Safety” on page 1-2.
Safety Symbols
The following symbols might appear in this document. Note their meanings:
1-1
Caution – There is a risk of personal injury and equipment damage. To avoid
personal injury and equipment damage, follow the instructions.
Caution – Hot surface. Avoid contact. Surfaces are hot and might cause personal
injury if touched.
Caution – Hazardous voltages are present. To reduce the risk of electric shock and
danger to personal health, follow the instructions.
1.3
Electrostatic Discharge Safety
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) sensitive devices, such as the motherboard, PCI cards,
hard drives, and memory cards require special handling.
Caution – The boards and hard drives contain electronic components that are
extremely sensitive to static electricity. Ordinary amounts of static electricity from
clothing or the work environment can destroy components. Do not touch the
components along their connector edges.
1.3.1
Using an Antistatic Wrist Strap
Wear an antistatic wrist strap and use an antistatic mat when handling components
such as drive assemblies, boards, or cards. When servicing or removing server
components, attach an antistatic strap to your wrist and then to a metal area on the
chassis. Do this after you disconnect the power cords from the server. Following this
practice equalizes the electrical potentials between you and the server.
1.3.2
Using an Antistatic Mat
Place ESD-sensitive components such as the motherboard, memory, and other PCB
cards on an antistatic mat.
1-2
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
CHAPTER
2
Server Overview
This chapter provides an overview of the server. Topics include:
■
■
2.1
Section 2.1, “Server Overview” on page 2-1
Section 2.2, “Obtaining the Chassis Serial Number” on page 2-3
Server Overview
The server is a high-performance, entry-level server that is highly scalable and very
reliable (FIGURE 2-1).
FIGURE 2-1
Server
2-1
FIGURE 2-2 shows the major components in the server, and FIGURE 2-3 and FIGURE 2-4
show the front and rear panels of the server.
PCI-E slot opening
Chassis assembly
PCI-E riser board
Motherboard
UltraSPARC T1
mullticore processor
DIMMs
Fan tray assembly
Power supply
Hard drive
FIGURE 2-2
Server Components
Locator LED/button
Service Required LED
Power OK LED and Power On/Off button
FIGURE 2-3
2-2
Server Front Panel
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
Power supply LEDs
Ethernet ports
Locator LED/button
Service Required LED
PCI-E slot
SC network management port
Power OK LED
SC serial management port
DB9 serial port
FIGURE 2-4
2.2
Server Rear Panel
Obtaining the Chassis Serial Number
To obtain support for your system, you need your chassis serial number. On the
server, the chassis serial number is located on a sticker that is on the front of the
server and another sticker at the rear of the server, below the AC power connector.
You can also run the ALOM CMT showplatform command to obtain the chassis
serial number.
Example:
sc> showplatform
SUNW,SPARC-Enterprise-T1000
Chassis Serial Number: 0529AP000882
Domain Status
------ -----S0 OS Standby
sc>
Chapter 2
Server Overview
2-3
2-4
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
CHAPTER
3
Server Diagnostics
This chapter describes the diagnostics that are available for monitoring and
troubleshooting the server. This chapter does not provide detailed troubleshooting
procedures, but instead describes the server diagnostics facilities and how to use
them.
This chapter is intended for technicians, service personnel, and system
administrators who service and repair computer systems.
The following topics are covered:
3.1
■
Section 3.1, “Overview of Server Diagnostics” on page 3-1
■
Section 3.2, “Using LEDs to Identify the State of Devices” on page 3-8
■
Section 3.3, “Using ALOM CMT for Diagnosis and Repair Verification” on
page 3-11
■
Section 3.4, “Running POST” on page 3-22
■
Section 3.5, “Using the Solaris Predictive Self-Healing Feature” on page 3-39
■
Section 3.6, “Collecting Information From Solaris OS Files and Commands” on
page 3-44
■
Section 3.7, “Managing Components With Automatic System Recovery
Commands” on page 3-45
■
Section 3.8, “Exercising the System With SunVTS” on page 3-48
Overview of Server Diagnostics
There are a variety of diagnostic tools, commands, and indicators you can use to
troubleshoot a server.
■
LEDs – Provide a quick visual notification of the status of the server and of some
of the FRUs.
3-1
■
ALOM CMT firmware – Is the system firmware that runs on the system
controller. In addition to providing the interface between the hardware and OS,
ALOM CMT also tracks and reports the health of key server components. ALOM
CMT works closely with POST and Solaris Predictive Self-Healing technology to
keep the system up and running even when there is a faulty component.
■
Power-on self-test (POST) – Performs diagnostics on system components upon
system reset to ensure the integrity of those components. POST is configurable
and works with ALOM CMT to take faulty components offline if needed and
blacklist them in the asr-db.
■
Solaris OS Predictive Self-Healing (PSH) – This technology continuously
monitors the health of the CPU and memory, and works with ALOM CMT to take
a faulty component offline if needed. The Predictive Self-Healing technology
enables systems to accurately predict component failures and mitigate many
serious problems before they occur.
■
Log files and console messages – Provide the standard Solaris OS log files and
investigative commands that can be accessed and displayed on the device of your
choice.
■
SunVTS™ – An application that exercises the system, provides hardware
validation, and discloses possible faulty components with recommendations for
repair.
The LEDs, ALOM CMT, Solaris OS PSH, and many of the log files and console
messages are integrated. For example, a fault detected by the Solaris PSH software
displays the fault, logs it, passes information to ALOM CMT where it is logged, and
depending on the fault, might illuminate of one or more LEDs.
The flow chart in FIGURE 3-1 and TABLE 3-1 describes an approach for using the server
diagnostics to identify a faulty field-replaceable unit (FRU). The diagnostics you use,
and the order in which you use them, depend on the nature of the problem you are
troubleshooting, so you might perform some actions and not others.
The flow chart assumes that you have already performed some troubleshooting such
as verification of proper installation and visual inspection of cables and power, and
possibly performed a reset of the server (refer to the SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server
Installation Guide and SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Administration Guide for
details).
FIGURE 3-1 is a flow chart of the diagnostics available to troubleshoot faulty
hardware. TABLE 3-1 has more information about each diagnostic in this chapter.
Note – POST is configured with ALOM CMT configuration variables (TABLE 3-6). If
diag_level is set to max (diag_level=max), POST reports all detected FRUs
including memory devices with errors correctable by Predictive Self-Healing (PSH).
Thus, not all memory devices detected by POST need to be replaced. See
Section 3.4.5, “Correctable Errors Detected by POST” on page 3-35.
3-2
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
flow chart
FIGURE 3-1
Diagnostic Flow Chart
Chapter 3
Server Diagnostics
3-3
TABLE 3-1
Action
No.
Diagnostic Flow Chart Actions
For more information, see
these sections
Diagnostic Action
Resulting Action
1.
Check Power OK
and AC OK LEDs
on the server.
The Power OK LED is located on the front and rear
of the chassis.
The AC OK LED is located on the rear of the server
on each power supply.
If these LEDs are not on, check the power source
and power connections to the server.
Section 3.2, “Using LEDs
to Identify the State of
Devices” on page 3-8
2.
Run the ALOM
CMT
showfaults
command to
check for faults.
The showfaults command displays the following
kinds of faults:
• Environmental faults
• Solaris Predictive Self-Healing (PSH) detected
faults
• POST detected faults
Faulty FRUs are identified in fault messages using
the FRU name. For a list of FRU names, see
Appendix A.
Section 3.3.2, “Running
the showfaults
Command” on page 3-16
3.
Check the Solaris
log files for fault
information.
The Solaris message buffer and log files record
system events and provide information about
faults.
• If system messages indicate a faulty device,
replace the FRU.
• To obtain more diagnostic information, go to
Action No. 4.
Section 3.6, “Collecting
Information From Solaris
OS Files and Commands”
on page 3-44
SunVTS is an application you can run to exercise
and diagnose FRUs. To run SunVTS, the server
must be running the Solaris OS.
• If SunVTS reports a faulty device replace the
FRU.
• If SunVTS does not report a faulty device, go to
Action No. 5.
Section 3.8, “Exercising
the System With SunVTS”
on page 3-48
4.
3-4
Run SunVTS.
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
Chapter 5
Chapter 5
TABLE 3-1
Diagnostic Flow Chart Actions (Continued)
Action
No.
Diagnostic Action
Resulting Action
5.
Run POST.
POST performs basic tests of the server components
and reports faulty FRUs.
Note - diag_level=min is the default ALOM
CMT setting, which tests devices required to boot
the server. Use diag_level=max for
troubleshooting and hardware replacement.
• If POST indicates a faulty FRU while
diag_level=min, replace the FRU.
• If POST indicates a faulty memory device while
diag_level=max, the detected errors might be
correctable by PSH after the server boots.
• If POST does not indicate a faulty FRU, go to
Action No. 9.
Section 3.4, “Running
POST” on page 3-22
If the fault listed by the showfaults command
displays a temperature or voltage fault, then the
fault is an environmental fault. Environmental
faults can be caused by faulty FRUs (power supply
or fan tray) or by environmental conditions such as
when computer room ambient temperature is too
high, or the server airflow is blocked. When the
environmental condition is corrected, the fault will
automatically clear. You can also use the fault LEDs
on the server to identify the faulty FRU (fan tray or
power supply).
Section 3.3.2, “Running
the showfaults
Command” on page 3-16
6.
Determine if the
fault is an
environmental
fault.
For more information, see
these sections
TABLE 3-5, TABLE 3-6
Chapter 5
Section 3.4.5, “Correctable
Errors Detected by POST”
on page 3-35
Chapter 5, Section ,
“Replacing FieldReplaceable Units” on
page 5-1
Section 3.2, “Using LEDs
to Identify the State of
Devices” on page 3-8
Chapter 3
Server Diagnostics
3-5
TABLE 3-1
Action
No.
7.
Diagnostic Flow Chart Actions (Continued)
Diagnostic Action
Resulting Action
Determine if the
fault was detected
by PSH.
If the fault message displays the following text, the
fault was detected by the Solaris Predictive SelfHealing software:
Host detected fault
If the fault is a PSH detected fault, identify the
faulty FRU from the fault message and replace the
faulty FRU.
After the FRU is replaced, perform the procedure to
clear PSH detected faults.
For more information, see
these sections
Section 3.5, “Using the
Solaris Predictive SelfHealing Feature” on
page 3-39
Chapter 5, Section ,
“Replacing FieldReplaceable Units” on
page 5-1
Section 3.5.2, “Clearing
PSH Detected Faults” on
page 3-43
8.
Determine if the
fault was detected
by POST.
POST performs basic tests of the server components
and reports faulty FRUs. When POST detects a
faulty FRU, it logs the fault and if possible, takes
the FRU offline. POST detected FRUs display the
following text in the fault message:
FRU_name deemed faulty and disabled
In this case, replace the FRU and run the procedure
to clear POST detected faults.
Section 3.4, “Running
POST” on page 3-22
Chapter 5, Section ,
“Replacing FieldReplaceable Units” on
page 5-1
Section 3.4.6, “Clearing
POST Detected Faults” on
page 3-38
9.
Contact technical
support.
3.1.1
The majority of hardware faults are detected by the
server’s diagnostics. In rare cases a problem might
require additional troubleshooting. If you are
unable to determine the cause of the problem,
contact technical support.
Section 2.2, “Obtaining the
Chassis Serial Number”
on page 2-3
Memory Configuration and Fault Handling
A variety of features play a role in how the memory subsystem is configured and
how memory faults are handled. Understanding the underlying features helps you
identify and repair memory problems. This section describes how the memory is
configured and how the server deals with memory faults.
3-6
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
3.1.1.1
Memory Configuration
In the server memory, there are eight slots that hold DDR-2 memory DIMMs in the
following DIMM sizes:
■
■
■
■
512 MB (maximum
1 GB (maximum of
2 GB (maximum of
4 GB (maximum of
of 4 GB)
8 GB)
16 GB)
32 GB)
All DIMMS installed must be the same size, and DIMMs must be added four at a
time. In addition, Rank 0 memory must be fully populated for the server to function.
See Section 5.6.2, “Installing DIMMs” on page 5-21, for instructions about adding
memory to the server.
3.1.1.2
Memory Fault Handling
The server uses advanced ECC technology, also called chipkill, that corrects up to 4bits in error on nibble boundaries, as long as the bits are all in the same DRAM. If a
DRAM fails, the DIMM continues to function.
The following server features independently manage memory faults:
■
POST – Based on ALOM CMT configuration variables, POST runs when the
server is powered on. In normal operation, the default configuration of POST
(diag_level=min), provides a check to ensure the server will boot. Normal
operation applies to any boot of the server not intended to test power-on errors,
hardware upgrades, or repairs. Once the Solaris OS is running, PSH provides runtime diagnosis of faults.
When a memory fault is detected, POST displays the fault with the device name
of the faulty DIMMS, logs the fault, and disables the faulty DIMMs by placing
them in the ASR blacklist. For a given memory fault, POST disables half of the
physical memory in the system. When this offlining process occurs in normal
operation, you must replace the faulty DIMMs based on the fault message and
enable the disabled DIMMs with the ALOM CMT enablecomponent command.
In other than normal operation, POST can be configured to run various levels of
testing (see TABLE 3-5 and TABLE 3-6) and can thoroughly test the memory
subsystem based on the purpose of the test. However, with thorough testing
enabled (diag_level=max), POST finds faults and offlines memory devices with
errors that could be correctable with PSH. Thus, not all memory devices detected
and offlined by POST need to be replaced. See Section 3.4.5, “Correctable Errors
Detected by POST” on page 3-35.
Chapter 3
Server Diagnostics
3-7
■
3.1.1.3
Solaris Predictive Self-Healing (PSH) technology – A feature of the Solaris OS,
uses the fault manager daemon (fmd) to watch for various kinds of faults. When
a fault occurs, the fault is assigned a unique fault ID (UUID), and logged. PSH
reports the fault and provides a recommended proactive replacement for the
DIMMs associated with the fault.
Troubleshooting Memory Faults
If you suspect that the server has a memory problem, follow the flow chart (see
TABLE 3-1). Run the ALOM CMT showfaults command. The showfaults
command lists memory faults and lists the specific DIMMS that are associated with
the fault. Once you identify which DIMMs to replace, see Chapter 5 for DIMM
removal and replacement instructions. It is important that you perform the
instructions in that chapter to clear the faults and enable the replaced DIMMs.
3.2
Using LEDs to Identify the State of
Devices
The server provides the following groups of LEDs:
■
■
Front and rear panel LEDS (FIGURE 3-2, FIGURE 3-3, and TABLE 3-2)
Power supply LEDs (FIGURE 3-3 and TABLE 3-3)
These LEDs provide a quick visual check of the state of the system.
Locator LED/button
Service Required LED
Power OK LED and Power On/Off button
FIGURE 3-2
3-8
LEDs on the Server Front Panel
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
Activity LED
Fault LED
DC OK LED
AC OK LED
FIGURE 3-3
Activity LED
Link LED
Link LED
Power OK LED
Service Required LED
Locator LED/button
LEDs on the Server Rear Panel
Chapter 3
Server Diagnostics
3-9
3.2.1
Front and Rear Panel LEDs
Two LEDs and one LED/button are located in the upper left corner of the front
panel (TABLE 3-2). The LEDs are also provided on the rear panel.
TABLE 3-2
Front and Rear Panel LEDs
LED
Location
Color
Description
Locator LED/button
Front and
rear panels
White
Enables you to identify a particular server. Activate
the LED using one of the following methods:
• Issuing the setlocator on or off command.
• Pressing the button to toggle the indicator on or off.
This LED provides the following indications:
• Off – Normal operating state.
• Fast blink – The server received a signal as a result
of one of the preceding methods and is indicating
here I am— that it is operational.
Service Required LED
Front and
rear panels
Yellow
If on, indicates that service is required. The ALOM
CMT showfaults command will indicate any
faults causing this indicator to light.
Power OK LED
Front and
rear panels
Green
The LED provides the following indications:
• Off – Indicates that the system is unavailable.
Either it has no power or ALOM CMT is not
running.
• Steady on – Indicates that the system is powered on
and is running in its normal operating state. No
service actions are required.
• Standby blink – Indicates the system is running at a
minimum level in standby and is ready to be
quickly returned to full function. The service
processor is running.
• Slow blink – Indicates that a normal transitory
activity is taking place. Server diagnostics could be
running, or the system might be powering on.
Power On/Off button
Front panel
N/A
Turns the server on and off.
Ethernet Link Activity LEDs
Rear panel
Green
These LEDs indicate that there is activity on the
associated nets.
Ethernet Link LEDs
Rear panel
Yellow
Indicates that the server is linked to the associated
nets.
SC Network Management
Activity LED
Rear panel
Yellow
Indicates that there is activity on the SC Network
Management port.
SC Network Management
Link LED
Rear panel
Green
Indicates that the server is linked to the SC network
management port.
3-10
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
3.2.2
Power Supply LEDs
The power supply LEDs (TABLE 3-3) are located on the back of the power supply.
3.3
TABLE 3-3
Power Supply LEDs
Name
Color
Description
Fault
Amber
• On – Power supply has detected a failure.
• Off – Normal operation.
DC OK
Green
• On – Normal operation. DC output voltage is within normal limits.
• Off – Power is off.
AC OK
Green
• On – Normal operation. Input power is within normal limits.
• Off – No input voltage, or input voltage is below limits.
Using ALOM CMT for Diagnosis and
Repair Verification
The Advanced Lights Out Management (ALOM) CMT is a system controller in the
server that enables you to remotely manage and administer your server.
ALOM CMT enables you to remotely run diagnostics, such as power-on self-test
(POST), that would otherwise require physical proximity to the server’s serial port.
You can also configure ALOM CMT to send email alerts of hardware failures,
hardware warnings, and other events related to the server or to ALOM CMT.
The ALOM CMT circuitry runs independently of the server, using the server’s
standby power. Therefore, ALOM CMT firmware and software continue to function
when the server operating system goes offline or when the server is powered off.
Note – Refer to the Advanced Lights Out Management (ALOM) CMT Guide for
comprehensive ALOM CMT information.
Chapter 3
Server Diagnostics
3-11
Faults detected by ALOM CMT, POST, and the Solaris Predictive Self-Healing (PSH)
technology are forwarded to ALOM CMT for fault handling (FIGURE 3-4).
In the event of a system fault, ALOM CMT ensures that the Service Required LED is
lit, FRU ID PROMs are updated, the fault is logged, and alerts are displayed. Faulty
FRUs are identified in fault messages using the FRU name. For a list of FRU names,
see Appendix A.
Service Required LED
FRU LEDs
FRUID PROMs
Logs
Alerts
FIGURE 3-4
ALOM CMT Fault Management
ALOM CMT sends alerts to all ALOM CMT users that are logged in, sending the
alert through email to a configured email address, and writing the event to the
ALOM CMT event log.
ALOM CMT can detect when a fault is no longer present and clears the fault in
several ways:
■
Fault recovery – The system automatically detects that the fault condition is no
longer present. ALOM CMT extinguishes the Service Required LED and updates
the FRU’s PROM, indicating that the fault is no longer present.
■
Fault repair – The fault has been repaired by human intervention. In most cases,
ALOM CMT detects the repair and extinguishes the Service Required LED. If
ALOM CMT does not perform these actions, you must perform these tasks
manually using the clearfault or enablecomponent commands.
ALOM CMT can detect the removal of a FRU, in many cases even if the FRU is
removed while ALOM CMT is powered off. This enables ALOM CMT to know that
a fault, diagnosed to a specific FRU, has been repaired. The ALOM CMT
clearfault command enables you to manually clear certain types of faults without
a FRU replacement or if ALOM CMT was unable to automatically detect the FRU
replacement.
Note – ALOM CMT does not automatically detect hard drive replacement.
3-12
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
Many environmental faults can automatically recover. A temperature that is
exceeding a threshold might return to normal limits. An unplugged power supply
can be plugged in, and so on. Recovery of environmental faults is automatically
detected. Recovery events are reported using one of two forms:
■
■
fru at location is OK.
sensor at location is within normal range.
Environmental faults can be repaired through the removal of the faulty FRU. FRU
removal is automatically detected by the environmental monitoring and all faults
associated with the removed FRU are cleared. The message for that case, and the
alert sent for all FRU removals is:
fru at location has been removed.
There is no ALOM CMT command to manually repair an environmental fault.
The Solaris Predictive Self-Healing technology does not monitor the hard drive for
faults. As a result, ALOM CMT does not recognize hard drive faults, and will not
light the fault LEDs on either the chassis or the hard drive itself. Use the Solaris
message files to view hard drive faults. See Section 3.6, “Collecting Information
From Solaris OS Files and Commands” on page 3-44.
3.3.1
Running ALOM CMT Service-Related Commands
This section describes the ALOM CMT commands that are commonly used for
service-related activities.
3.3.1.1
Connecting to ALOM
Before you can run ALOM CMT commands, you must connect to the ALOM. There
are several ways to connect to the system controller:
■
Connect an ASCII terminal directly to the serial management port.
■
Use either the telnet or the ssh command to connect to ALOM CMT through
an Ethernet connection on the network management port. ALOM CMT can be
configured for either the telnet or the ssh command, but not both.
Note – Refer to the Advanced Lights Out Management (ALOM) CMT Guide for
instructions on configuring and connecting to ALOM.
Chapter 3
Server Diagnostics
3-13
3.3.1.2
Switching Between the System Console and ALOM
3.3.1.3
■
To switch from the console output to the ALOM CMT sc> prompt, type #.
(Hash-Period). Note that this command is user-configureable. Refer to the
Advanced Lights Out Management (ALOM) CMT Guide for more information.
■
To switch from the sc> prompt to the console, type console.
Service-Related ALOM CMT Commands
TABLE 3-4 describes the typical ALOM CMT commands for servicing the server. For
descriptions of all ALOM CMT commands, issue the help command or refer to the
Advanced Lights Out Management (ALOM) CMT Guide.
TABLE 3-4
Service-Related ALOM CMT Commands
ALOM CMT Command
Description
help [command]
Displays a list of all ALOM CMT commands with syntax and descriptions.
Specifying a command name as an option displays help for that command.
break [-y][-c][-D]
Takes the host server from the OS to either kmdb or OpenBoot PROM
(equivalent to a Stop-A), depending on the mode Solaris software was
booted.
• -y skips the confirmation question
• -c executes a console command after the break command completes
• -D forces a core dump of the Solaris OS
clearfault UUID
Manually clears host-detected faults. The UUID is the unique fault ID of
the fault to be cleared.
console [-f]
Connects you to the host system. The -f option forces the console to have
read and write capabilities.
consolehistory [-b lines|-e
lines|-v] [-g lines]
[boot|run]
Displays the contents of the system’s console buffer. The following options
enable you to specify how the output is displayed:
• -g lines specifies the number of lines to display before pausing.
• -e lines displays n lines from the end of the buffer.
• -b lines displays n lines from beginning of buffer.
• -v displays entire buffer.
• boot|run specifies the log to display (run is the default log).
bootmode
[normal|reset_nvram|
bootscript=string]
Enables control of the firmware during system initialization with the
following options:
• normal is the default boot mode.
• reset_nvram resets OpenBoot PROM parameters to their default
values.
• bootscript=string enables the passing of a string to the boot
command.
3-14
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
TABLE 3-4
Service-Related ALOM CMT Commands (Continued)
ALOM CMT Command
Description
powercycle [-f]
Performs a poweroff followed by poweron. The -f option forces an
immediate poweroff, otherwise the command attempts a graceful
shutdown.
poweroff [-y] [-f]
Powers off the host server. The -y option enables you to skip the
confirmation question. The -f option forces an immediate shutdown.
poweron [-c]
Powers on the host server. Using the -c option executes a console
command after completion of the poweron command.
reset [-y] [-c]
Generates a hardware reset on the host server. The -y option enables you
to skip the confirmation question. The -c option executes a console
command after completion of the reset command.
resetsc [-y]
Reboots the system controller. The -y option enables you to skip the
confirmation question.
setkeyswitch [-y] normal |
stby | diag | locked
Sets the virtual keyswitch. The -y option enables you to skip the
confirmation question when setting the keyswitch to stby.
setlocator [on | off]
Turns the Locator LED on the server on or off.
showenvironment
Displays the environmental status of the host server. This information
includes system temperatures, power supply, front panel LED, hard drive,
fan, voltage, and current sensor status. See Section 3.3.3, “Running the
showenvironment Command” on page 3-17.
showfaults [-v]
Displays current system faults. See Section 3.3.2, “Running the
showfaults Command” on page 3-16.
showfru [-g lines] [-s | -d]
[FRU]
Displays information about the FRUs in the server.
• -g lines specifies the number of lines to display before pausing the
output to the screen.
• -s displays static information about system FRUs (defaults to all FRUs,
unless one is specified).
• -d displays dynamic information about system FRUs (defaults to all
FRUs, unless one is specified). See Section 3.3.4, “Running the showfru
Command” on page 3-19.
showkeyswitch
Displays the status of the virtual keyswitch.
showlocator
Displays the current state of the Locator LED as either on or off.
showlogs [-b lines | -e lines |v] [-g lines] [-p
logtype[r|p]]]
Displays the history of all events logged in the ALOM CMT event buffers
(in RAM or the persistent buffers).
showplatform [-v]
Displays information about the host system’s hardware configuration, the
system serial number, and whether the hardware is providing service.
Chapter 3
Server Diagnostics
3-15
Note – See
3.3.2
TABLE 3-7 for the ALOM CMT ASR commands.
Running the showfaults Command
The ALOM CMT showfaults command displays the following kinds of faults:
■
Environmental faults – temperature or voltage problems that might be caused by
faulty FRUs (a power supply or fan tray), or by room temperature or blocked air
flow to the server.
■
POST detected faults – faults on devices detected by the power-on self-test
diagnostics.
■
PSH detected faults – faults detected by the Solaris Predictive Self-Healing (PSH)
technology
Use the showfaults command for the following reasons:
■
To see if any faults have been passed to, or detected by ALOM.
■
To obtain the fault message ID (SUNW-MSG-ID) for PSH detected faults.
■
To verify that the replacement of a FRU has cleared the fault and not generated
any additional faults.
● At the sc> prompt, type the showfaults command.
The following showfaults command examples show the different kinds of output
from the showfaults command:
■
Example of the showfaults command when no faults are present:
sc> showfaults
Last POST run: THU MAR 09 16:52:44 2006
POST status: Passed all devices
No failures found in System
■
Example of the showfaults command displaying an environmental fault:
sc> showfaults -v
Last POST run: TUE FEB 07 18:51:02 2006
POST status: Passed all devices
ID FRU
Fault
0 IOBD
VOLTAGE_SENSOR at IOBD/V_+1V has exceeded
low warning threshold.
3-16
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
■
Example showing a fault that was detected by POST. These kinds of faults are
identified by the message deemed faulty and disabled and by a FRU name.
sc> showfaults -v
ID Time
1 OCT 13 12:47:27
faulty and disabled
■
FRU
Fault
MB/CMP0/CH0/R1/D0 MB/CMP0/CH0/R1/D0 deemed
Example showing a fault that was detected by the PSH technology. These kinds of
faults are identified by the text Host detected fault and by a UUID.
sc> showfaults -v
ID Time
FRU
Fault
0 SEP 09 11:09:26
MB/CMP0/CH0/R1/D0 Host detected fault, MSGID:
SUN4U-8000-2S UUID: 7ee0e46b-ea64-6565-e684-e996963f7b86
3.3.3
Running the showenvironment Command
The showenvironment command displays a snapshot of the server’s
environmental status. This command displays system temperatures, hard disk drive
status, power supply and fan status, front panel LED status, voltage and current
sensors. The output uses a format similar to the Solaris OS command prtdiag (1m).
● At the sc> prompt, type the showenvironment command.
The output differs according to your system’s model and configuration. Example:
sc> showenvironment
=============== Environmental Status ===============
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------System Temperatures (Temperatures in Celsius):
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Sensor
Status Temp LowHard LowSoft LowWarn HighWarn HighSoft HighHard
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------MB/T_AMB
OK
28
-10
-5
0
45
50
55
MB/CMP0/T_TCORE OK
50
-10
-5
0
85
90
95
MB/CMP0/T_BCORE OK
51
-10
-5
0
85
90
95
MB/IOB/T_CORE
OK
49
-10
-5
0
95
100
105
-------------------------------------------------------System Indicator Status:
--------------------------------------------------------
Chapter 3
Server Diagnostics
3-17
SYS/LOCATE
SYS/SERVICE
SYS/ACT
OFF
OFF
ON
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Fans (Speeds Revolution Per Minute):
---------------------------------------------------------Sensor
Status
Speed
Warn
Low
---------------------------------------------------------FT0/F0
OK
6762
2240
1920
FT0/F1
OK
6762
2240
1920
FT0/F2
OK
6762
2240
1920
FT0/F3
OK
6653
2240
1920
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Voltage sensors (in Volts):
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Sensor
Status
Voltage LowSoft LowWarn HighWarn HighSoft
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------MB/V_VCORE
OK
1.30
1.20
1.24
1.36
1.39
MB/V_VMEM
OK
1.79
1.69
1.72
1.87
1.90
MB/V_VTT
OK
0.89
0.84
0.86
0.93
0.95
MB/V_+1V2
OK
1.18
1.09
1.11
1.28
1.30
MB/V_+1V5
OK
1.49
1.36
1.39
1.60
1.63
MB/V_+2V5
OK
2.51
2.27
2.32
2.67
2.72
MB/V_+3V3
OK
3.29
3.06
3.10
3.49
3.53
MB/V_+5V
OK
5.02
4.55
4.65
5.35
5.45
MB/V_+12V
OK
12.25
10.92
11.16
12.84
13.08
MB/V_+3V3STBY
OK
3.33
3.13
3.16
3.53
3.59
----------------------------------------------------------System Load (in amps):
----------------------------------------------------------Sensor
Status
Load
Warn Shutdown
----------------------------------------------------------MB/I_VCORE
OK
20.560
80.000
88.000
MB/I_VMEM
OK
8.160
60.000
66.000
-----------------------------------------------------------
---------------------Current sensors:
---------------------Sensor
Status
---------------------MB/BAT/V_BAT
OK
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------Power Supplies:
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------Supply Status
Underspeed Overtemp Overvolt Undervolt Overcurrent
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3-18
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
PS0
OK
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
sc>
Note – Some environmental information might not be available when the server is
in Standby mode.
3.3.4
Running the showfru Command
The showfru command displays information about the FRUs in the server. Use this
command to see information about an individual FRU, or for all the FRUs.
Note – By default, the output of the showfru command for all FRUs is very long.
● At the sc> prompt, enter the showfru command.
sc> showfru -s
FRU_PROM at MB/SEEPROM
SEGMENT: SD
/ManR
/ManR/UNIX_Timestamp32:
TUE OCT 18 21:17:55 2005
/ManR/Description:
ASSY,SPARC-Enterprise-T1000,Motherboard
/ManR/Manufacture Location: Sriracha,Chonburi,Thailand
/ManR/Sun Part No:
5017302
/ManR/Sun Serial No:
002989
/ManR/Vendor:
Celestica
/ManR/Initial HW Dash Level: 03
/ManR/Initial HW Rev Level: 01
/ManR/Shortname:
T1000_MB
/SpecPartNo:
885-0505-04
FRU_PROM at PS0/SEEPROM
SEGMENT: SD
/ManR
/ManR/UNIX_Timestamp32:
/ManR/Description:
/ManR/Manufacture Location:
/ManR/Sun Part No:
/ManR/Sun Serial No:
/ManR/Vendor:
/ManR/Initial HW Dash Level:
/ManR/Initial HW Rev Level:
SUN JUL 31 19:45:13 2005
PSU,300W,AC_INPUT,A207
Matamoros, Tamps, Mexico
3001799
G00001
Tyco Electronics
02
01
Chapter 3
Server Diagnostics
3-19
/ManR/Shortname:
/SpecPartNo:
PS
885-0407-02
FRU_PROM at MB/CMP0/CH0/R0/D0/SEEPROM
/SPD/Timestamp: MON OCT 03 12:00:00 2005
/SPD/Description: DDR2 SDRAM, 2048 MB
/SPD/Manufacture Location:
/SPD/Vendor: Infineon (formerly Siemens)
/SPD/Vendor Part No:
72T256220HR3.7A
/SPD/Vendor Serial No: d03fe27
FRU_PROM at MB/CMP0/CH0/R0/D1/SEEPROM
/SPD/Timestamp: MON OCT 03 12:00:00 2005
/SPD/Description: DDR2 SDRAM, 2048 MB
/SPD/Manufacture Location:
/SPD/Vendor: Infineon (formerly Siemens)
/SPD/Vendor Part No:
72T256220HR3.7A
/SPD/Vendor Serial No: d03f623
FRU_PROM at MB/CMP0/CH0/R1/D0/SEEPROM
/SPD/Timestamp: MON OCT 03 12:00:00 2005
/SPD/Description: DDR2 SDRAM, 2048 MB
/SPD/Manufacture Location:
/SPD/Vendor: Infineon (formerly Siemens)
/SPD/Vendor Part No:
72T256220HR3.7A
/SPD/Vendor Serial No: d03fc26
FRU_PROM at MB/CMP0/CH0/R1/D1/SEEPROM
/SPD/Timestamp: MON OCT 03 12:00:00 2005
/SPD/Description: DDR2 SDRAM, 2048 MB
/SPD/Manufacture Location:
/SPD/Vendor: Infineon (formerly Siemens)
/SPD/Vendor Part No:
72T256220HR3.7A
/SPD/Vendor Serial No: d03eb26
FRU_PROM at MB/CMP0/CH3/R0/D0/SEEPROM
/SPD/Timestamp: MON OCT 03 12:00:00 2005
/SPD/Description: DDR2 SDRAM, 2048 MB
/SPD/Manufacture Location:
/SPD/Vendor: Infineon (formerly Siemens)
/SPD/Vendor Part No:
72T256220HR3.7A
/SPD/Vendor Serial No: d03e620
3-20
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
FRU_PROM at MB/CMP0/CH3/R0/D1/SEEPROM
/SPD/Timestamp: MON OCT 03 12:00:00 2005
/SPD/Description: DDR2 SDRAM, 2048 MB
/SPD/Manufacture Location:
/SPD/Vendor: Infineon (formerly Siemens)
/SPD/Vendor Part No:
72T256220HR3.7A
/SPD/Vendor Serial No: d040920
FRU_PROM at MB/CMP0/CH3/R1/D0/SEEPROM
/SPD/Timestamp: MON OCT 03 12:00:00 2005
/SPD/Description: DDR2 SDRAM, 2048 MB
/SPD/Manufacture Location:
/SPD/Vendor: Infineon (formerly Siemens)
/SPD/Vendor Part No:
72T256220HR3.7A
/SPD/Vendor Serial No: d03ec27
FRU_PROM at MB/CMP0/CH3/R1/D1/SEEPROM
/SPD/Timestamp: MON OCT 03 12:00:00 2005
/SPD/Description: DDR2 SDRAM, 2048 MB
/SPD/Manufacture Location:
/SPD/Vendor: Infineon (formerly Siemens)
/SPD/Vendor Part No:
72T256220HR3.7A
/SPD/Vendor Serial No: d040924
sc>
Chapter 3
Server Diagnostics
3-21
3.4
Running POST
Power-on self-test (POST) is a group of PROM-based tests that run when the server
is powered on or reset. POST checks the basic integrity of the critical hardware
components in the server (CPU, memory, and I/O buses).
If POST detects a faulty component, the component is disabled automatically,
preventing faulty hardware from potentially harming any software. If the system is
capable of running without the disabled component, the system will boot when
POST is complete. For example, if one of the processor cores is deemed faulty by
POST, the core will be disabled, and the system will boot and run using the
remaining cores.
In normal operation*, the default configuration of POST (diag_level=min),
provides a sanity check to ensure the server will boot. Normal operation applies to
any power on of the server not intended to test power-on errors, hardware
upgrades, or repairs. Once the Solaris OS is running, PSH provides run time
diagnosis of faults.
*Note – Earlier versions of firmware have max as the default setting for the POST
diag_level variable. To set the default to min, use the ALOM CMT command,
setsc diag_level min
For validating hardware upgrades or repairs, configure POST to run in maximum
mode (diag_level=max). Note that with maximum testing enabled, POST detects
and offlines memory devices with errors that could be correctable by PSH. Thus, not
all memory devices detected by POST need to be replaced. See Section 3.4.5,
“Correctable Errors Detected by POST” on page 3-35.
Note – Devices can be manually enabled or disabled using ASR commands (see
Section 3.7, “Managing Components With Automatic System Recovery Commands”
on page 3-45).
3.4.1
Controlling How POST Runs
The server can be configured for normal, extensive, or no POST execution. You can
also control the level of tests that run, the amount of POST output that is displayed,
and which reset events trigger POST by using ALOM CMT variables.
3-22
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
TABLE 3-5 lists the ALOM CMT variables used to configure POST and FIGURE 3-5
shows how the variables work together.
Note – Use the ALOM CMT setsc command to set all the parameters in
TABLE 3-5
except setkeyswitch.
TABLE 3-5
ALOM CMT Parameters Used for POST Configuration
Parameter
Values
Description
setkeyswitch
normal
The system can power on and run POST (based
on the other parameter settings). For details see
TABLE 3-6. This parameter overrides all other
commands.
diag
The system runs POST based on predetermined
settings.
stby
The system cannot power on.
locked
The system can power on and run POST, but no
flash updates can be made.
off
POST does not run.
normal
Runs POST according to diag_level value.
service
Runs POST with preset values for diag_level
and diag_verbosity.
min
If diag_mode = normal, runs minimum set of
tests.
max
If diag_mode = normal, runs all the minimum
tests plus extensive CPU and memory tests.
none
Does not run POST on reset.
user_reset
Runs POST upon user initiated resets.
power_on_reset
Only runs POST for the first power on. This
option is the default.
error_reset
Runs POST if fatal errors are detected.
all_reset
Runs POST after any reset.
none
No POST output is displayed.
diag_mode
diag_level
diag_trigger
diag_verbosity
Chapter 3
Server Diagnostics
3-23
TABLE 3-5
Parameter
3-24
ALOM CMT Parameters Used for POST Configuration (Continued)
Values
Description
min
POST output displays functional tests with a
banner and pinwheel.
normal
POST output displays all test and informational
messages.
max
POST displays all test, informational, and some
debugging messages.
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
FIGURE 3-5
Flow Chart of ALOM CMT Variables for POST Configuration
Chapter 3
Server Diagnostics
3-25
TABLE 3-6 shows combinations of ALOM CMT variables and associated POST modes.
TABLE 3-6
ALOM CMT Parameters and POST Modes
Parameter
Normal Diagnostic
Mode
(Default Settings)
No POST
Execution
Diagnostic
Service Mode
Keyswitch
Diagnostic Preset
Values
diag_mode
normal
off
service
normal
setkeyswitch*
normal
normal
normal
diag
diag_level\
min
n/a
max
max
diag_trigger
power-on-reset
error-reset
none
all-resets
all-resets
diag_verbosity
normal
n/a
max
max
Description of POST
execution
This is the default POST
configuration. This
configuration tests the
system thoroughly, and
suppresses some of the
detailed POST output.
POST does not
run, resulting in
quick system
initialization, but
this is not a
suggested
configuration.
POST runs the
full spectrum of
tests with the
maximum output
displayed.
POST runs the
full spectrum of
tests with the
maximum output
displayed.
* The setkeyswitch parameter, when set to diag, overrides all the other ALOM CMT POST variables.
\ Earlier versions of firmware have max as the default setting for the POST diag_level variable. To set the default to min, use the
ALOM CMT command, setsc diag_level min
3.4.2
Changing POST Parameters
1. Access the ALOM CMT sc> prompt:
At the console, issue the #. key sequence:
#.
2. Use the ALOM CMT sc> prompt to change the POST parameters.
Refer to TABLE 3-5 for a list of ALOM CMT POST parameters and their values.
The setkeyswitch parameter sets the virtual keyswitch, so it does not use the
setsc command. For example, to change the POST parameters using the
setkeyswitch command, enter the following:
sc> setkeyswitch diag
3-26
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
To change the POST parameters using the setsc command, you must first set the
setkeyswitch parameter to normal, then you can change the POST parameters
using the setsc command:
sc> setkeyswitch normal
sc> setsc value
Example:
sc> setkeyswitch normal
sc> setsc diag_mode service
3.4.3
Reasons to Run POST
You can use POST for basic hardware verification and diagnosis, and for
troubleshooting as described in the following sections.
3.4.3.1
Verifying Hardware Functionality
POST tests critical hardware components to verify functionality before the system
boots and accesses software. If POST detects an error, the faulty component is
disabled automatically, preventing faulty hardware from potentially harming
software.
In normal operation (diag_level=min), POST runs in mimimum mode by default
to test devices required to power on the server. Replace any devices POST detects as
faulty in minimum mode.
Run POST in maximum mode (diag_level=max) for all power-on or errorgenerated resets, and to validate hardware upgrades or repairs. With maximum
testing enabled, POST finds faults and offlines memory devices with errors that
could be correctable by PSH. Check the POST-generated errors with the
showfaults -v command to verify if memory devices detected by POST can be
corrected by PSH or need to be replaced. See Section 3.4.5, “Correctable Errors
Detected by POST” on page 3-35.
Chapter 3
Server Diagnostics
3-27
3.4.3.2
Diagnosing the System Hardware
You can use POST as an initial diagnostic tool for the system hardware. In this case,
configure POST to run in maximum mode (diag_mode=service, setkeyswitch=
diag, diag_level=max) for thorough test coverage and verbose output.
3.4.4
Running POST in Maximum Mode
This procedure describes how to run POST when you want maximum testing, as in
the case when you are troubleshooting a server or verifying a hardware upgrade or
repair.
1. Switch from the system console prompt to the sc> prompt by issuing the #. escape
sequence.
ok #.
sc>
2. Set the virtual keyswitch to diag so that POST will run in Service mode.
sc> setkeyswitch diag
3. Reset the system so that POST runs.
There are several ways to initiate a reset. The following example uses the
powercycle command. For other methods, refer to the SPARC Enterprise T1000
Server Administration Guide.
sc> powercycle
Are you sure you want to powercycle the system [y/n]? y
Powering host off at MON JAN 10 02:52:02 2000
Waiting for host to Power Off; hit any key to abort.
SC Alert: SC Request to Power Off Host.
SC Alert: Host system has shut down.
Powering host on at MON JAN 10 02:52:13 2000
SC Alert: SC Request to Power On Host.
3-28
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
4. Switch to the system console to view the POST output:
sc> console
Example of POST output:
SC: Alert: Host system has reset1
0:0>
Note: Some output omitted.
0:0>@(#) ERIE Integrated POST 4.x.0.build_17 2005/08/30 11:25
/export/common-source/firmware_re/ontariofireball_fio/build_17/post/Niagara/erie/integrated
(firmware_re)
0:0>Copyright © 2005 Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved
SUN PROPRIETARY/CONFIDENTIAL.
Use is subject to license terms.
0:0>VBSC selecting POST IO Testing.
0:0>VBSC enabling threads: 1
0:0>VBSC setting verbosity level 3
0:0>Start Selftest.....
0:0>Init CPU
0:0>Master CPU Tests Basic.....
0:0>CPU =: 0
0:0>DMMU Registers Access
0:0>IMMU Registers Access
0:0>Init mmu regs
0:0>D-Cache RAM
0:0>DMMU TLB DATA RAM Access
0:0>DMMU TLB TAGS Access
0:0>DMMU CAM
0:0>IMMU TLB DATA RAM Access
0:0>IMMU TLB TAGS Access
0:0>IMMU CAM
0:0>Setup and Enable DMMU
0:0>Setup DMMU Miss Handler
Chapter 3
Server Diagnostics
3-29
0:0>
Niagara, Version 2.0
0:0>
Serial Number 00000098.00000820 = fffff238.6b4c60e9
0:0>Init JBUS Config Regs
0:0>IO-Bridge unit 1 init test
0:0>sys 200 MHz, CPU 1000 MHz, mem 200 MHz.
0:0>Integrated POST Testing
0:0>L2 Tests.....
0:0>Setup L2 Cache
0:0>L2 Cache Control = 00000000.00300000
0:0>Scrub and Setup L2 Cache
0:0>L2 Directory clear
0:0>L2 Scrub VD & UA
0:0>L2 Scrub Tags
0:0>Test Memory Basic.....
0:0>Probe and Setup Memory
0:0>INFO:4096MB at Memory Channel [0 3 ] Rank 0 Stack 0
0:0>INFO:4096MB at Memory Channel [0 3 ] Rank 0 Stack 1
0:0>INFO:No memory detected at Memory Channel [0 3 ] Rank 1 Stack 0
0:0>INFO:No memory detected at Memory Channel [0 3 ] Rank 1 Stack 1
0:0>
0:0>Data Bitwalk
0:0>L2 Scrub Data
0:0>L2 Enable
0:0>
Testing Memory Channel 0 Rank 0 Stack 0
0:0>
Testing Memory Channel 3 Rank 0 Stack 0
0:0>
Testing Memory Channel 0 Rank 0 Stack 1
0:0>
Testing Memory Channel 3 Rank 0 Stack 1
0:0>L2 Directory clear
0:0>L2 Scrub VD & UA
0:0>L2 Scrub Tags
0:0>L2 Disable
3-30
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
0:0>Address Bitwalk
0:0>
Testing Memory Channel 0 Rank 0 Stack 0
0:0>
Testing Memory Channel 3 Rank 0 Stack 0
0:0>
Testing Memory Channel 0 Rank 0 Stack 1
0:0>
Testing Memory Channel 3 Rank 0 Stack 1
0:0>Test Slave Threads Basic.....
0:0>Set Mailbox
0:0>Setup Final DMMU Entries
0:0>Post Image Region Scrub
0:0>Run POST from Memory
0:0>Verifying checksum on copied image.
0:0>The Memory’s CHECKSUM value is cc1e.
0:0>The Memory’s Content Size value is 7b192.
0:0>Success...
Checksum on Memory Validated.
0:0>L2 Cache Ram Test
0:0>Enable L2 Cache
0:0>L2 Scrub Data
0:0>L2 Enable
0:0>CPU =: 0
0:0>CPU =: 0
0:0>Test slave strand registers...
0:0>Extended CPU Tests.....
0:0>Scrub Icache
0:0>Scrub Dcache
0:0>D-Cache Tags
0:0>I-Cache RAM Test
0:0>I-Cache Tag RAM
0:0>FPU Registers and Data Path
0:0>FPU Move Registers
0:0>FSR Read/Write
0:0>FPU Branch Instructions
Chapter 3
Server Diagnostics
3-31
0:0>Enable Icache
0:0>Enable Dcache
0:0>Scrub Memory.....
0:0>Scrub Memory
0:0>Scrub 00000000.00600000->00000001.00000000 on Memory Channel [0 3 ] Rank 0
Stack 0
0:0>Scrub 00000001.00000000->00000002.00000000 on Memory Channel [0 3 ] Rank 0
Stack 1
0:0>IMMU Functional
0:0>DMMU Functional
0:0>Extended Memory Tests.....
0:0>Print Mem Config
0:0>Caches : Icache is ON, Dcache is ON.
0:0>
Bank 0 4096MB : 00000000.00000000 -> 00000001.00000000.
0:0>
Bank 1 4096MB : 00000001.00000000 -> 00000002.00000000.
0:0>Block Mem Test
0:0>Test 6291456 bytes at 00000000.00600000 Memory Channel [ 0 3 ] Rank 0 Stack 0
0:0>........
0:0>Test 6291456 bytes at 00000001.00000000 Memory Channel [ 0 3 ] Rank 0 Stack 1
0:0>........
0:0>IO-Bridge Tests.....
0:0>IO-Bridge Quick Read
0:0>
0:0>-------------------------------------------------------------0:0>--------- IO-Bridge Quick Read Only of CSR and ID --------------0:0>-------------------------------------------------------------0:0>fire 1 JBUSID
0:0>
00000080.0f000000 =
fc000002.e03dda23
0:0>-------------------------------------------------------------0:0>fire 1 JBUSCSR 00000080.0f410000 =
0:0>
00000ff5.13cb7000
0:0>--------------------------------------------------------------
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SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
0:0>IO-Bridge unit 1 jbus perf test
0:0>IO-Bridge unit 1 int init test
0:0>IO-Bridge unit 1 msi init test
0:0>IO-Bridge unit 1 ilu init test
0:0>IO-Bridge unit 1 tlu init test
0:0>IO-Bridge unit 1 lpu init test
0:0>IO-Bridge unit 1 link train port B
0:0>IO-Bridge unit 1 interrupt test
0:0>IO-Bridge unit 1 Config MB bridges
0:0>Config port B, bus 2 dev 0 func 0, tag 5714 BRIDGE
0:0>Config port B, bus 3 dev 8 func 0, tag PCIX BRIDGE
0:0>IO-Bridge unit 1 PCI id test
0:0>
INFO:10 count read passed for MB/IOB_PCIEb/BRIDGE! Last read
VID:1166|DID:103
0:0>
INFO:10 count read passed for MB/IOB_PCIEb/BRIDGE/GBE! Last read
VID:14e4|DID:1648
0:0>
INFO:10 count read passed for MB/IOB_PCIEb/BRIDGE/HBA! Last read
VID:1000|DID:50
0:0>Quick JBI Loopback Block Mem Test
0:0>Quick jbus loopback Test 262144 bytes at 00000000.00600000
0:0>INFO:
0:0>
POST Passed all devices.
0:0>POST:Return to VBSC.
0:0>Master set ACK for vbsc runpost command and spin...
5. Perform further investigation if needed.
■
If no faults were detected, the system will boot.
■
If POST detects a faulty device, the fault is displayed and the fault information is
passed to ALOM CMT for fault handling. Faulty FRUs are identified in fault
messages using the FRU name. For a list of FRU names, see Appendix A.
Chapter 3
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a. Interpret the POST messages:
POST error messages use the following syntax:
c:s > ERROR: TEST = failing-test
c:s > H/W under test = FRU
c:s > Repair Instructions: Replace items in order listed by H/W
under test above
c:s > MSG = test-error-message
c:s > END_ERROR
In this syntax, c = the core number and s = the strand number.
Warning and informational messages use the following syntax:
INFO or WARNING: message
The following example shows a POST error message.
.
.
.
0:0>Data Bitwalk
0:0>L2 Scrub Data
0:0>L2 Enable
0:0>Testing Memory Channel 0 Rank 0 Stack 0
0:0>Testing Memory Channel 3 Rank 0 Stack 0
0:0>Testing Memory Channel 0 Rank 1 Stack 0
.
.
.
0:0>ERROR: TEST = Data Bitwalk
0:0>H/W under test = MB/CMP0/CH0/R1/D0/S0 (J0701)
0:0>Repair Instructions: Replace items in order listed by ’H/W
under test’ above.
0:0>MSG = Pin 3 failed on MB/CMP0/CH0/R1/D0/S0 (J0701)
0:0>END_ERROR
0:0>Testing Memory Channel 3 Rank 1 Stack 0
In this example, POST is reporting a memory error at DIMM location
MB/CMP0/CH0/R1/D0 (J0701).
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SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
b. Run the showfaults command to obtain additional fault information.
The fault is captured by ALOM, where the fault is logged, the Service Required
LED is lit, and the faulty component is disabled.
Example:
ok #.
sc> showfaults -v
ID
Time
FRU
Fault
1 APR 24 12:47:27
MB/CMP0/CH0/R1/D0
MB/CMP0/CH0/R1/D0
deemed faulty and disabled
In this example, MB/CMP0/CH0/R1/D0 is disabled. The system can boot using
memory that was not disabled until the faulty component is replaced.
Note – You can use ASR commands to display and control disabled components.
See Section 3.7, “Managing Components With Automatic System Recovery
Commands” on page 3-45.
3.4.5
Correctable Errors Detected by POST
In maximum mode, POST detects and offlines memory devices with errors that
could be correctable by PSH. Use the examples in this section to verify if the
detected memory devices are correctable.
Note – For servers powered on in maximum mode without the intention of
validating a hardware upgrade or repair, examine all faults detected by POST to
verify if the errors can be corrected by Solaris PSH. See Section 3.5, “Using the
Solaris Predictive Self-Healing Feature” on page 3-39.
When using maximum mode, if no faults are detected, return POST to minimum
mode.
sc> setkeyswitch normal
sc> setsc diag_mode normal
sc> setsc diag_level min
Chapter 3
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3-35
3.4.5.1
Correctable Errors for Single DIMMs
If POST faults a single DIMM (CODE EXAMPLE 3-1) that was not part of a hardware
upgrade or repair, it is likely that POST encountered a correctable error that can be
handled by PSH.
CODE EXAMPLE 3-1
POST Fault for a Single DIMM
sc> showfaults -v
ID Time
FRU
Fault
1 OCT 13 12:47:27 MB/CMP0/CH0/R0/D0 MB/CMP0/CH0/R0/D0 deemed
faulty and disabled
In this case, reenable the DIMM and run POST in minimum mode as follows:
1. Reenable the DIMM.
sc> enablecomponent name-of-DIMM
2. Return POST to minimum mode.
sc> setkeyswitch normal
sc> setsc diag_mode normal
sc> setsc diag_level min
3. Reset the system so that POST runs.
There are several ways to initiate a reset. The following example uses the
powercycle command. For other methods, refer to the SPARC Enterprise T1000
Server Administration Guide.
sc> powercycle
Are you sure you want to powercycle the system [y/n]? y
Powering host off at MON JAN 10 02:52:02 2000
Waiting for host to Power Off; hit any key to abort.
SC Alert: SC Request to Power Off Host.
SC Alert: Host system has shut down.
Powering host on at MON JAN 10 02:52:13 2000
SC Alert: SC Request to Power On Host.
4. Replace the DIMM if POST continues to fault the device in minimum mode.
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SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
3.4.5.2
Determining When to Replace Detected Devices
Note – This section assumes faults are detected by POST in maximum mode.
If a detected device is part of a hardware upgrade or repair, or if POST detects
multiple DIMMs (CODE EXAMPLE 3-2), replace the detected devices.
CODE EXAMPLE 3-2
POST Fault for Multiple DIMMs
sc> showfaults -v
ID Time
FRU
Fault
1 OCT 13 12:47:27 MB/CMP0/CH0/R0/D0 MB/CMP0/CH0/R0/D0 deemed
faulty and disabled
2 OCT 13 12:47:27 MB/CMP0/CH0/R0/D1 MB/CMP0/CH0/R0/D1 deemed
faulty and disabled
Note – The previous example shows two DIMMs on the same channel/rank, which
could be an uncorrectable error.
If the detected device is not a part of a hardware upgrade or repair, use the following
list to examine and repair the fault:
1. If a detected device is not a DIMM, or if more than a single DIMM is detected,
replace the detected devices.
2. If a detected device is a single DIMM and the same DIMM is also detected by
PSH, replace the DIMM (CODE EXAMPLE 3-3).
CODE EXAMPLE 3-3
PSH and POST Faults on the Same DIMM
sc> showfaults -v
ID Time
FRU
Fault
0 SEP 09 11:09:26 MB/CMP0/CH0/R0/D0 Host detected fault,
MSGID:SUN4V-8000-DX UUID: 7ee0e46b-ea64-6565-e684-e996963f7b86
1 OCT 13 12:47:27 MB/CMP0/CH0/R0/D0 MB/CMP0/CH0/R0/D0 deemed
faulty and disabled
Note – The detected DIMM in the previous example must also be replaced because
it exceeds the PSH page retire threshold.
Chapter 3
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3. If a device detected by POST is a single DIMM and the same DIMM is not
detected by PSH, follow the procedure in Section 3.4.5.1, “Correctable Errors for
Single DIMMs” on page 3-36.
After the detected devices are repaired or replaced, return POST to the default
minimum level.
sc> setkeyswitch normal
sc> setsc diag_mode normal
sc> setsc diag_level min
3.4.6
Clearing POST Detected Faults
In most cases, when POST detects a faulty component, POST logs the fault and
automatically takes the failed component out of operation by placing the component
in the ASR blacklist (see Section 3.7, “Managing Components With Automatic
System Recovery Commands” on page 3-45).
In most cases, after the faulty FRU is replaced, ALOM CMT detects the repair and
extinguishes the Service Required LED. If ALOM CMT does not perform these
actions, use the enablecomponent command to manually clear the fault and
remove the component from the ASR blacklist. This procedure describes how to do
this.
1. After replacing a faulty FRU, at the ALOM CMT prompt use the showfaults
command to identify POST detected faults.
POST detected faults are distinguished from other kinds of faults by the text:
deemed faulty and disabled, and no UUID number is reported.
Example:
sc> showfaults -v
ID
Time
FRU
Fault
1 APR 24 12:47:27
MB/CMP0/CH0/R1/D0
MB/CMP0/CH0/R1/D0
deemed faulty and disabled
3-38
■
If no fault is reported, you do not need to do anything else. Do not perform the
subsequent steps.
■
If a fault is reported, perform Step 2 through Step 4.
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
2. Use the enablecomponent command to clear the fault and remove the component
from the ASR blacklist.
Use the FRU name that was reported in the fault in the previous step.
Example:
sc> enablecomponent MB/CMP0/CH0/R1/D0
The fault is cleared and should not appear when you run the showfaults
command. Additionally, if there are no other faults remaining, the Service Required
LED should be extinguished.
3. Power cycle the server.
You must reboot the server for the enablecomponent command to take effect.
4. At the ALOM CMT prompt, use the showfaults command to verify that no
faults are reported.
sc> showfaults
Last POST run: THU MAR 09 16:52:44 2006
POST status: Passed all devices
No failures found in System
3.5
Using the Solaris Predictive Self-Healing
Feature
The Solaris Predictive Self-Healing (PSH) technology enables the server to diagnose
problems while the Solaris OS is running, and mitigate many problems before they
negatively affect operations.
The Solaris OS uses the fault manager daemon, fmd(1M), which starts at boot time
and runs in the background to monitor the system. If a component generates an
error, the daemon handles the error by correlating the error with data from previous
errors and other related information to diagnose the problem. Once diagnosed, the
fault manager daemon assigns the problem a Universal Unique Identifier (UUID)
that distinguishes the problem across any set of systems. When possible, the fault
manager daemon initiates steps to self-heal the failed component and take the
component offline. The daemon also logs the fault to the syslogd daemon and
Chapter 3
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3-39
provides a fault notification with a message ID (MSGID). You can use the message
ID to get additional information about the problem from Sun’s knowledge article
database.
The Predictive Self-Healing technology covers the following server components:
■
■
■
UltraSPARC® T1 multicore processor
Memory
I/O bus
The PSH console message provides the following information:
■
■
■
■
■
■
Type
Severity
Description
Automated response
Impact
Suggested action for system administrator
If the Solaris PSH facility detects a faulty component, use the fmdump command to
identify the fault. Faulty FRUs are identified in fault messages using the FRU name.
For a list of FRU names, see Appendix A.
Note – Additional Predictive Self-Healing information is available at:
http://www.sun.com/msg
3.5.1
Identifying PSH Detected Faults
When a PSH fault is detected, a Solaris console message similar to the following is
displayed:
SUNW-MSG-ID: SUN4V-8000-DX, TYPE: Fault, VER: 1, SEVERITY: Minor
EVENT-TIME: Wed Sep 14 10:09:46 EDT 2005
PLATFORM: SPARC-Enterprise-T1000, CSN: -, HOSTNAME: wgs48-37
SOURCE: cpumem-diagnosis, REV: 1.5
EVENT-ID: f92e9fbe-735e-c218-cf87-9e1720a28004
DESC: The number of errors associated with this memory module has exceeded
acceptable levels. Refer to http://sun.com/msg/SUN4V-8000-DX for more
information.
AUTO-RESPONSE: Pages of memory associated with this memory module are being
removed from service as errors are reported.
IMPACT: Total system memory capacity will be reduced as pages are retired.
REC-ACTION: Schedule a repair procedure to replace the affected memory module.
Use fmdump -v -u <EVENT_ID> to identify the module.
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SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
The following is an example of the ALOM CMT alert for the same PSH diagnosed
fault:
SC Alert: Host detected fault, MSGID: SUN4V-8000-DX
Note – The Service Required LED is also turns on for PSH diagnosed faults.
3.5.1.1
Using the fmdump Command to Identify Faults
The fmdump command displays the list of faults detected by the Solaris PSH facility
and identifies the faulty FRU for a particular EVENT_ID (UUID). Do not use
fmdump to verify a FRU replacement has cleared a fault because the output of
fmdump is the same after the FRU has been replaced. Use the fmadm faulty
command to verify the fault has cleared.
Note – Faults detected by the Solaris PSH facility are also reported through ALOM
CMT alerts. In addition to the PSH fmdump command, the ALOM CMT
showfaults command provides information about faults and displays fault UUIDs.
See Section 3.3.2, “Running the showfaults Command” on page 3-16.
1. Check the event log using the fmdump command with -v for verbose output:
# fmdump -v
TIME
UUID
SUNW-MSG-ID
Sep 14 10:09:46.2234 f92e9fbe-735e-c218-cf87-9e1720a28004 SUN4V-8000-DX
95% fault.memory.dimm
FRU: mem:///component=MB/CMP0/CH0:R0/D0/J0601
rsrc: mem:///component=MB/CMP0/CH0:R0/D0/J0601
In this example, a fault is displayed, indicating the following details:
■
■
Date and time of the fault (Sep 14 10:09)
Universal Unique Identifier (UUID) that is unique for every fault (f92e9fbe735e-c218-cf87-9e1720a28004)
■
The message identifier (SUN4V-8000-DX) that can be used to obtain additional
fault information
■
Faulted FRU (FRU: mem:///component=MB/CMP0/CH0:R0/D0/J0601), that in
this example MB is identified as the DIMM at R0/D0 (J0601)
Chapter 3
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Note – fmdump displays the PSH event log. Entries remain in the log after the fault
has been repaired.
2. Use the message ID to obtain more information about this type of fault.
a. In a browser, go to the Predictive Self-Healing Knowledge Article web site:
http://www.sun.com/msg
b. Obtain the message ID from the console output or the ALOM CMT
showfaults command.
c. Enter the message ID in the SUNW-MSG-ID field, and click Lookup.
In this example, the message ID SUN4V-8000-DX returns the following
information for corrective action:
Article for Message ID:
SUN4V-8000-DX
Correctable memory errors exceeded acceptable levels
Type
Fault
Severity
Major
Description
The number of correctable memory errors reported against a memory DIMM has
exceeded acceptable levels.
Automated Response
Pages of memory associated with this memory DIMM are being removed from
service as errors are reported.
Impact
Total system memory capacity will be reduced as pages are retired.
Suggested Action for System Administrator
Schedule a repair procedure to replace the affected memory DIMM, the identity
of which can be determined using the command fmdump -v -u EVENT_ID.
Details
The Message ID:
SUN4V-8000-DX indicates diagnosis has determined that a
memory DIMM is faulty as a result of exceeding the threshold for correctable
memory errors. Memory pages associated with the correctable errors have been
retired and no data has been lost. However, the system is at increased risk
of incurring an uncorrectable error, which will cause a service
interruption, until the memory DIMM module is replaced.
Use the command fmdump -v -u EVENT_ID with the EVENT_ID from the console
message to locate the faulty DIMM. For example:
fmdump -v -u f92e9fbe-735e-c218-cf87-9e1720a28004
TIME
UUID
SUNW-MSG-ID
Sep 14 10:09:46.2234 f92e9fbe-735e-c218-cf87-9e1720a28004 SUN4V-8000-DX
95% fault.memory.dimm
FRU: mem:///component=MB/CMP0/CH0:R0/D0/J0601
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SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
rsrc: mem:///component=MB/CMP0/CH0:R0/D0/J0601
In this example, the DIMM location is:
MB/CMP0/CH0:R0/D0/J0601
Refer to the Service Manual or the Service Label attached to the server
chassis to find the physical location of the DIMM. Once the DIMM has been
replaced, use the Service Manual for instructions on clearing the fault
condition and validating the repair action.
NOTE - The server Product Notes may contain updated service procedures. The
latest version of the Service Manual and Product Notes are available at the
Sun Documentation Center.
3. Follow the suggested actions to repair the fault.
3.5.2
Clearing PSH Detected Faults
When the Solaris PSH facility detects faults, the faults are logged and displayed on
the console. After the fault condition is corrected, for example by replacing a faulty
FRU, you must clear the fault.
Note – If you are dealing with faulty DIMMs, do not follow this procedure. Instead,
perform the procedure in Section 5.6.2, “Installing DIMMs” on page 5-21.
1. After replacing a faulty FRU, power on the server.
2. At the ALOM CMT prompt, use the showfaults command to identify PSH
detected faults.
PSH detected faults are distinguished from other kinds of faults by the text:
Host detected fault.
Example:
sc> showfaults -v
ID Time
FRU
Fault
0 SEP 09 11:09:26
MB/CMP0/CH0/R1/D0 Host detected fault, MSGID:
SUN4U-8000-2S UUID: 7ee0e46b-ea64-6565-e684-e996963f7b86
■
If no fault is reported, you do not need to do anything else. Do not perform the
subsequent steps.
■
If a fault is reported, perform Step 2 through Step 4.
Chapter 3
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3-43
3. Run the clearfault command with the UUID provided in the showfaults
output:
sc> clearfault 7ee0e46b-ea64-6565-e684-e996963f7b86
Clearing fault from all indicted FRUs...
Fault cleared.
4. Clear the fault from all persistent fault records.
In some cases, even though the fault is cleared, some persistent fault information
remains and results in erroneous fault messages at boot time. To ensure that these
messages are not displayed, perform the following command:
fmadm repair UUID
Example:
# fmadm repair 7ee0e46b-ea64-6565-e684-e996963f7b86
3.6
Collecting Information From Solaris OS
Files and Commands
With the Solaris OS running on the server, you have the full compliment of Solaris
OS files and commands available for collecting information and for troubleshooting.
If POST, ALOM, or the Solaris PSH features do not indicate the source of a fault,
check the message buffer and log files for notifications for faults. Hard drive faults
are usually captured by the Solaris message files.
Use the dmesg command to view the most recent system message. To view the
system messages log file, view the contents of the /var/adm/messages file.
3.6.1
Checking the Message Buffer
1. Log in as superuser.
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SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
2. Issue the dmesg command:
# dmesg
The dmesg command displays the most recent messages generated by the system.
3.6.2
Viewing System Message Log Files
The error logging daemon, syslogd, automatically records various system
warnings, errors, and faults in message files. These messages can alert you to system
problems such as a device that is about to fail.
The /var/adm directory contains several message files. The most recent messages
are in the /var/adm/messages file. After a period of time (usually every ten days),
a new messages file is automatically created. The original contents of the
messages file are rotated to a file named messages.1. Over a period of time, the
messages are further rotated to messages.2 and messages.3, and then deleted.
1. Log in as superuser.
2. Issue the following command:
# more /var/adm/messages
3. If you want to view all logged messages, issue the following command:
# more /var/adm/messages*
3.7
Managing Components With Automatic
System Recovery Commands
The Automatic System Recovery (ASR) feature enables the server to automatically
configure failed components out of operation until they can be replaced. In the
server, the following components are managed by the ASR feature:
■
■
■
UltraSPARC T1 processor strands
Memory DIMMS
I/O bus
Chapter 3
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The database that contains the list of disabled components is called the ASR blacklist
(asr-db).
In most cases, POST automatically disables a faulty component. After the cause of
the fault is repaired (FRU replacement, loose connector reseated, and so on), you
must remove the component from the ASR blacklist.
The ASR commands (TABLE 3-7) enable you to view, and manually add or remove
components from the ASR blacklist. These commands are run from the ALOM CMT
sc> prompt.
TABLE 3-7
ASR Commands
Command
Description
showcomponent*
Displays system components and their current state.
enablecomponent asrkey
Removes a component from the asr-db blacklist,
where asrkey is the component to enable.
disablecomponent asrkey
Adds a component to the asr-db blacklist, where
asrkey is the component to disable.
clearasrdb
Removes all entries from the asr-db blacklist.
* The showcomponent command might not report all blacklisted DIMMS.
Note – The components (asrkeys) vary from system to system, depending on how
many cores and memory are present. Use the showcomponent command to see the
asrkeys on a given system.
Note – A reset or power cycle is required after disabling or enabling a component.
If the status of a component is changed with power on there is no effect to the
system until the next reset or power cycle.
3.7.1
Displaying System Components
The showcomponent command displays the system components (asrkeys) and
reports their status.
● At the sc> prompt, enter the showcomponent command.
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SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
Example with no disabled components:
sc> showcomponent
Keys:
.
.
.
ASR state: clean
Example showing a disabled component:
sc> showcomponent
Keys:
.
.
.
ASR state: Disabled Devices
MB/CMP0/CH3/R1/D1 : dimm8 deemed faulty
3.7.2
Disabling Components
The disablecomponent command disables a component by adding it to the ASR
blacklist.
1. At the sc> prompt, enter the disablecomponent command.
sc> disablecomponent MB/CMP0/CH3/R1/D1
SC Alert:MB/CMP0/CH3/R1/D1 disabled
2. After receiving confirmation that the disablecomponent command is complete,
reset the server so that the ASR command takes effect.
sc> reset
Chapter 3
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3.7.3
Enabling Disabled Components
The enablecomponent command enables a disabled component by removing it
from the ASR blacklist.
1. At the sc> prompt, enter the enablecomponent command.
sc> enablecomponent MB/CMP0/CH3/R1/D1
SC Alert:MB/CMP0/CH3/R1/D1 reenabled
2. After receiving confirmation that the enablecomponent command is complete,
reset the server so that the ASR command takes effect.
sc> reset
3.8
Exercising the System With SunVTS
Sometimes a server exhibits a problem that cannot be isolated definitively to a
particular hardware or software component. In such cases, it might be useful to run
a diagnostic tool that stresses the system by continuously running a comprehensive
battery of tests. Sun provides the SunVTS software for this purpose.
This section describes the tasks necessary to use SunVTS software to exercise your
server:
■
■
3.8.1
Section 3.8.1, “Checking Whether SunVTS Software Is Installed” on page 3-48
Section 3.8.2, “Exercising the System Using SunVTS Software” on page 3-49
Checking Whether SunVTS Software Is Installed
This procedure assumes that the Solaris OS is running on the server, and that you
have access to the Solaris command line.
1. Check for the presence of SunVTS packages using the pkginfo command.
% pkginfo -l SUNWvts SUNWvtsr SUNWvtsts SUNWvtsmn
■
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If SunVTS software is installed, information about the packages is displayed.
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
■
If SunVTS software is not installed, you see an error message for each missing
package.
ERROR: information for "SUNWvts" was not found
ERROR: information for "SUNWvtsr" was not found
...
The following table lists the SunVTS packages:
Package
Description
SUNWvts
SunVTS framework
SUNWvtsr
SunVTS framework (root)
SUNWvtsts
SunVTS for tests
SUNWvtsmn
SunVTS man pages
If SunVTS is not installed, you can obtain the installation packages from the Solaris
Operating System DVDs.
The SunVTS 6.1 software, and future compatible versions, are supported on the
server.
SunVTS installation instructions are described in the SunVTS User’s Guide.
3.8.2
Exercising the System Using SunVTS Software
Before you begin, the Solaris OS must be running. You also need to ensure that
SunVTS validation test software is installed on your system. See Section 3.8.1,
“Checking Whether SunVTS Software Is Installed” on page 3-48.
The SunVTS installation process requires that you specify one of two security
schemes to use when running SunVTS. The security scheme you choose must be
properly configured in the Solaris OS for you to run SunVTS. For details, refer to the
SunVTS User’s Guide.
SunVTS software features both character-based and graphics-based interfaces. This
procedure assumes that you are using the graphical user interface (GUI) on a system
running the Common Desktop Environment (CDE). For more information about the
character-based SunVTS TTY interface, and specifically for instructions on accessing
it by tip or telnet commands, refer to the SunVTS User’s Guide.
SunVTS software can be run in several modes. This procedure assumes that you are
using the default mode.
Chapter 3
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This procedure also assumes that the server is headless, that is, it is not equipped
with a monitor capable of displaying bitmap graphics. In this case, you access the
SunVTS GUI by logging in remotely from a machine that has a graphics display.
Finally, this procedure describes how to run SunVTS tests in general. Individual tests
may presume the presence of specific hardware, or might require specific drivers,
cables, or loopback connectors. For information about test options and prerequisites,
refer to the following documentation:
■
■
3.8.3
SunVTS Test Reference Manual (SPARC)
SunVTS Doc Supplement (SPARC)
Using SunVTS Software
1. Log in as superuser to a system with a graphics display.
The display system should be one with a frame buffer and monitor capable of
displaying bitmap graphics such as those produced by the SunVTS GUI.
2. Enable the remote display.
On the display system, type:
# /usr/openwin/bin/xhost + test-system
where test-system is the name of the server you plan to test.
3. Remotely log in to the server as superuser.
Use a command such as rlogin or telnet.
4. Start SunVTS software.
If you have installed SunVTS software in a location other than the default /opt
directory, alter the path in the following command accordingly.
# /opt/SUNWvts/bin/sunvts -display display-system:0
where display-system is the name of the machine through which you are remotely
logged in to the server.
The SunVTS GUI is displayed (FIGURE 3-6).
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SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
FIGURE 3-6
SunVTS GUI
5. Expand the test lists to see the individual tests.
The test selection area lists tests in categories, such as Network, as shown in
FIGURE 3-7. To expand a category, left-click the + icon (expand category icon) to the
left of the category name.
Chapter 3
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Processor(s)
Memory
Cryptography
SCSI - Devices(mpt0)
Network
e1000g3(netlbtest)
e1000g1(netlbtest)
e1000g2(netlbtest)
e1000g0(nettest)
FIGURE 3-7
SunVTS Test Selection Panel
6. (Optional) Select the tests you want to run.
Certain tests are enabled by default, and you can choose to accept these.
Alternatively, you can enable and disable individual tests or blocks of tests by
clicking the checkbox next to the test name or test category name. Tests are enabled
when checked, and disabled when not checked.
TABLE 3-8 lists tests that are especially useful to run on this server.
TABLE 3-8
Useful SunVTS Tests to Run on This Server
SunVTS Tests
FRUs Exercised by Tests
cmttest, cputest, fputest,
iutest, l1dcachetest, dtlbtest,
and l2sramtest—indirectly: mptest,
and systest
DIMMS, motherboard
disktest
Disks, cables, disk backplane
nettest, netlbtest
Network interface, network cable, CPU
motherboard
pmemtest, vmemtest, ramtest
DIMMs, motherboard
serialtest
I/O (serial port interface)
hsclbtest
Motherboard, system controller
(Host to system controller interface)
7. (Optional) Customize individual tests.
You can customize individual tests by right-clicking on the name of the test. For
example, in FIGURE 3-7, right-clicking on the text string ce0(nettest) brings up a
menu that enables you to configure this Ethernet test.
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SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
8. Start testing.
Click the Start button that is located at the top left of the SunVTS window. Status
and error messages appear in the test messages area located across the bottom of the
window. You can stop testing at any time by clicking the Stop button.
During testing, SunVTS software logs all status and error messages. To view these
messages, click the Log button or select Log Files from the Reports menu. This action
opens a log window from which you can choose to view the following logs:
■
Information – Detailed versions of all the status and error messages that appear
in the test messages area.
■
Test Error – Detailed error messages from individual tests.
■
VTS Kernel Error – Error messages pertaining to SunVTS software itself. You
should look here if SunVTS software appears to be acting strangely, especially
when it starts up.
■
Solaris OS Messages (/var/adm/messages) – A file containing messages
generated by the operating system and various applications.
■
Log Files (/var/opt/SUNWvts/logs) – A directory containing the log files.
Chapter 3
Server Diagnostics
3-53
3-54
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
CHAPTER
4
Preparing for Servicing
This chapter describes how to prepare the server for servicing.
The following topics are covered:
■
Section 4.1, “Common Procedures for Parts Replacement” on page 4-1
For a list of FRUs, see Appendix A.
Note – Never attempt to run the system with the cover removed. The cover must be
in place for proper air flow. The cover interlock switch immediately shuts the system
down when the cover is removed.
4.1
Common Procedures for Parts
Replacement
Before you can remove and replace parts that are inside the server, you must
perform the following procedures:
■
■
■
■
Section 4.1.2, “Shutting the System Down” on page 4-2
Section 4.1.3, “Removing the Server From a Rack” on page 4-3
Section 4.1.4, “Performing Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Prevention Measures” on
page 4-5
Section 4.1.5, “Removing the Top Cover” on page 4-5
The corresponding procedures that you perform when maintenance is complete are
described in Chapter 6.
4-1
4.1.1
Required Tools
The server can be serviced with the following tools:
■
■
■
4.1.2
Antistatic wrist strap
Antistatic mat
No. 2 Phillips screwdriver
Shutting the System Down
Performing a graceful shutdown ensures that all of your data is saved and the
system is ready for restart.
1. Log in as superuser or equivalent.
Depending on the nature of the problem, you might want to view the system status
or the log files, or run diagnostics before you shut down the system. Refer to the
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Administration Guide for log file information.
2. Notify affected users.
Refer to your Solaris system administration documentation for additional
information.
3. Save any open files and quit all running programs.
Refer to your application documentation for specific information on these processes.
4. Shut down the OS.
At the Solaris OS prompt, issue the uadmin command to halt the Solaris OS and to
return to the ok prompt.
# shutdown -g0 -i0 -y
WARNING: proc_exit: init exited
syncing file systems... done
Program terminated
ok
This command is described in the Solaris system administration documentation.
5. Switch from the system console prompt to the SC console prompt by issuing the
#. (Hash-Period) escape sequence.
ok #.
sc>
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SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
6. Using the SC console, issue the poweroff command.
sc> poweroff -fy
SC Alert: SC Request to Power Off Host Immediately.
Note – You can also use the Power On/Off button on the front of the server to
initiate a graceful system shutdown.
Refer to the SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Administration Guide for more
information about the ALOM poweroff command.
4.1.3
Removing the Server From a Rack
If the server is installed in a rack with the extendable slide rails (outer and middle
section) that were supplied with the server, use this procedure to remove the server
chassis from the rack.
1. (Optional) Issue the following command from the ALOM sc> prompt to locate
the system that requires maintenance:
sc> setlocator on
Locator LED is on.
Once you have located the server, press the Locator button to turn it off.
2. Check to see that no cables will be damaged or interfere when the server chassis
is removed from the rack.
3. Disconnect the power cord from the power supply.
Note – After you have disconnected the power cord from the power supply, you
must wait about five seconds before reconnecting the power cord to the power
supply.
4. Disconnect all cables from the server and label them.
5. From the front of the server, unlock both mounting brackets and pull the server
chassis out until the brackets lock in the open position (FIGURE 4-1).
Chapter 4
Preparing for Servicing
4-3
FIGURE 4-1
Unlocking a Mounting Bracket
6. Press the gray release tab on both mounting brackets to release the right and left
mounting brackets, then pull the server chassis out of the rails (FIGURE 4-2).
The mounting brackets slide approximately 4 in. (10 cm) farther before disengaging.
FIGURE 4-2
Location of the Mounting Bracket Release Buttons
7. Set the chassis on a sturdy work surface.
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SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
4.1.4
Performing Electrostatic Discharge (ESD)
Prevention Measures
1. Prepare an antistatic surface to set parts on during removal and installation.
Place ESD-sensitive components, such as the printed circuit boards, on an antistatic
mat. The following items can be used as an antistatic mat:
■
Antistatic bag used to wrap a replacement part
■
ESD mat, part number 250-1088
■
Disposable ESD mat (shipped with some replacement parts or optional system
components)
2. Use an antistatic wrist strap.
4.1.5
Removing the Top Cover
Access to all field-replaceable units (FRUs) requires the removal of the top cover.
Note – Never run the system with the top cover removed. The top cover must be in
place for proper air flow. The cover interlock switch immediately shuts the system
down when the cover is removed.
Caution – The system supplies 3.3 Vdc standby power to the circuit boards even
when the system is powered off if the AC power cord is plugged in.
1. Press the cover release button (FIGURE 4-3).
2. While pressing the release button, grasp the rear of the cover and slide the cover
toward the rear of the server about one half inch (1.2 cm).
3. Lift the cover off the chassis.
Chapter 4
Preparing for Servicing
4-5
Cover release
button
FIGURE 4-3
4-6
Location of Top Cover Release Button
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
Top cover
CHAPTER
5
Replacing Field-Replaceable Units
This chapter describes how to remove and replace customer-replaceable fieldreplaceable units (FRUs) in the server.
The following topics are covered:
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
Section 5.1,
Section 5.2,
Section 5.3,
Section 5.4,
Section 5.5,
Section 5.6,
Section 5.7,
Section 5.8,
“Replacing
“Replacing
“Replacing
“Replacing
“Replacing
“Replacing
“Replacing
“Replacing
the Optional PCI-Express Card” on page 5-2
the Fan Tray Assembly” on page 5-4
the Power Supply” on page 5-5
the Hard Drive Assembly” on page 5-7
a Hard Drive” on page 5-12
DIMMs” on page 5-19
the Motherboard and Chassis” on page 5-25
the Clock Battery” on page 5-27
For a list of FRUs, see Appendix A.
Note – Never attempt to run the system with the cover removed. The cover must be
in place for proper air flow. The cover interlock switch immediately shuts the system
down when the cover is removed.
5-1
5.1
Replacing the Optional PCI-Express
Card
5.1.1
Removing the Optional PCI-Express Card
Use this procedure to remove the optional low-profile PCI-Express (PCI-E) card from
the server.
1. Perform the procedures described in Chapter 4.
2. Remove any cables that are attached to the card.
3. On the rear of the chassis, pull the release lever that secures the PCI-Express card
to the chassis (FIGURE 5-1).
Release lever
FIGURE 5-1
5-2
Releasing the PCI-Express Card Release Lever
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
PCI-E card
4. Carefully pull the PCI-Express card out of the connector on the PCI-Express card
riser board and the note slot (FIGURE 5-2).
Note slot
Connector
FIGURE 5-2
PCI-E riser board
Removing and Installing the PCI-Express Card
5. Place the PCI-Express card on an antistatic mat.
5.1.2
Installing the Optional PCI-Express Card
Use this procedure to replace the PCI-Express cards.
1. Unpack the replacement PCI-Express card and place it on an antistatic mat.
Note – Only low-profile PCI-Express cards with low brackets fit into the chassis.
There are a variety of PCI-Express cards on the market. Read the product
documentation for your device for additional installation requirements and
instructions that are not covered here.
2. Insert the PCI-Express card into the connector on the PCI-Express riser board and
the note slot (FIGURE 5-2).
Chapter 5
Replacing Field-Replaceable Units
5-3
3. On the rear of the chassis, engage the release lever to secure the card to the chassis
(FIGURE 5-1).
4. Perform the procedures described in Chapter 6.
5.2
Replacing the Fan Tray Assembly
5.2.1
Removing the Fan Tray Assembly
1. Perform the procedures described in Chapter 4.
2. Disconnect the fan power cable from the motherboard.
3. Push in on the clasps on both sides of the fan assembly (FIGURE 5-3).
Fan tray
assembly
FIGURE 5-3
Removing the Fan Tray Assembly
4. Remove the fan assembly from the sheet metal mounting brackets.
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SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
5.2.2
Installing the Fan Tray Assembly
1. Unpack the replacement fan tray assembly and place it on an antistatic mat.
2. Align the fan tray assembly with the sheet metal mounting brackets and slide it
into place until the clasps on each side lock it into place.
3. Reconnect the fan power cable to the motherboard.
4. Perform the procedures described in Chapter 6.
5.3
Replacing the Power Supply
5.3.1
Removing the Power Supply
1. Perform the procedures described in Chapter 4.
2. Disconnect the power cable from the motherboard and pull the cable through the
midwall.
3. Pull the fastener up on the front of the power supply and remove the power
supply from the chassis (FIGURE 5-4).
Chapter 5
Replacing Field-Replaceable Units
5-5
Fastener
Power supply
FIGURE 5-4
5.3.2
Removing the Power Supply
Installing the Power Supply
1. Unpack the replacement power supply.
2. Slide the power supply into the chassis and engage the two alignment pins in the
rear of the chassis that mate with the power supply.
3. Push the fastener down on the front of the power supply to lock it into place in
the chassis (FIGURE 5-5).
5-6
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
Power supply
Fastener
FIGURE 5-5
Installing the Power Supply
4. Redress the power cable through the midwall in the chassis and connect the cable
to the motherboard.
5. Perform the procedures described in Chapter 6.
6. At the sc> prompt, issue the showenvironment command to verify the status of
the power supply.
5.4
Replacing the Hard Drive Assembly
5.4.1
Removing the Single-Drive Assembly
1. Disconnect the drive cable from the data/power connector at the rear of the hard
drive (FIGURE 5-6).
2. Pull the fasteners up on the rear of the single-drive assembly, and remove the
single-drive assembly from the chassis (FIGURE 5-6).
Chapter 5
Replacing Field-Replaceable Units
5-7
FIGURE 5-6
5.4.2
Removing the Single-Drive Assembly
Installing the Dual-Drive Assembly
1. Unpack the drive assembly and the dual-drive cable.
The drive assembly should be shipped to you with one or two drives already
installed in the assembly, depending on the type of drive assembly that you ordered.
2. Disconnect the drive cable from the data and power connectors on the
motherboard and remove the drive cable from your server (FIGURE 5-7).
5-8
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
Data connector (J5002)
Data connector (J5003)
Power
connector
FIGURE 5-7
Location of Drive Power and Data Connectors on the Motherboard
Chapter 5
Replacing Field-Replaceable Units
5-9
3. Get the dual-drive cable that was shipped with the new drive assembly.
4. Plug the drive connectors into the data/power connectors at the rear of the hard
drives.
Note – Make sure the connector is correctly oriented before plugging it into the
data/power connector on the drives. When connecting the cable to the data/power
connector on the lower drive in a dual-drive configuration, it may be easier to first
remove the upper drive to get a clear view of the data/power connector on the
lower drive.
■
If you have a single-drive assembly, plug the DRIVE 0 connector into the
data/power connector at the rear of the drive.
■
If you have a dual-drive assembly, make the following connections to the two
drives:
■
■
Plug the DRIVE 0 connector into the data/power connector on the lower drive.
Plug the DRIVE 1 connector into the data/power connector on the upper drive.
5. Slide the drive assembly into the chassis until it mates with the front of the
chassis.
FIGURE 5-8 shows a dual-drive assembly being inserted into the chassis. The process
is the same for a single-drive assembly.
Fasteners
FIGURE 5-8
5-10
Installing the Drive Assembly
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
6. Push the fasteners down to lock the drive assembly into place in the chassis
(FIGURE 5-8).
7. Redress the cable through the midwall in the chassis.
8. Route the drive data cables underneath the power supply cable.
9. Plug the power connector on the dual-drive cable to the power connector on the
motherboard (FIGURE 5-7).
10. Plug the data connector marked J5003 on the cable to the J5003 data connector on
the motherboard (the connector furthest from the power supply).
Refer to FIGURE 5-7 for the location of that connector.
11. Plug the data connector marked J5002 on the cable to the J5002 data connector on
the motherboard (the connector closest to the power supply).
Refer to FIGURE 5-7 for the location of that connector.
12. Place the top cover on the chassis.
Set the cover down so that the cover hangs over the rear of the server by about an
inch (2.5 cm).
13. Slide the cover forward until it latches into place.
14. Reinstall the server in the rack and apply power to the server.
Refer to the SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual for those instructions.
15. Label the hard drives, if necessary.
■
If you installed a single-drive 3.5-inch SATA drive assembly, then your hard drive
should already be labeled. Go to Step 16.
■
If you installed a dual-drive 2.5-inch SAS drive assembly, then you must use the
Solaris format utility to label the hard drives. Refer to the Labeling Unlabeled Hard
Drives document for those instructions.
16. Upgrade the drive controller firmware, if necessary.
If you have an older version of the drive controller firmware, then you must
upgrade the drive controller firmware to get full support for mirroring and other
RAID features.
a. Determine the version of the drive controller firmware installed on your server
by entering the following command:
# grep -i version /var/adm/messages
Chapter 5
Replacing Field-Replaceable Units
5-11
You should see output similar to the following:
Jun 7 13:23:16 wgs57-57 genunix: [ID 540533 kern.notice] SunOS Release 5.10
Version Generic_118833-08 64-bit
Jun 7 13:23:16 wgs57-57 mpt0 Firmware version v1.a.0.0 (IR)
■
If you see the following output:
■
Firmware version v1.a.0.0 or higher (for example, v1.b.0.0,
v1.c.0.0, and so on), or
■
Firmware version v1.10.0.0 or higher (for example, v1.11.0.0,
v1.12.0.0, and so on)
then you have the latest drive controller firmware. Go to Step 17.
■
If you see the text Firmware version v1.6.0.0 in the output, then you have
an older version of the drive controller firmware.
Once the patch has been installed, your system will have the latest drive
controller firmware.
17. Perform the necessary administrative tasks to reconfigure the hard drive.
The procedures that you perform at this point depend on how your data is
configured. You might need to partition the drive, create file systems, load data from
backups, or have the data updated from a RAID configuration.
5.5
Replacing a Hard Drive
■
To remove a hard drive from a single-drive assembly, go to Section 5.5.1,
“Replacing a Hard Drive in a Single-Drive Assembly” on page 5-12.
■
To remove a hard drive from a dual-drive assembly, go to Section 5.5.2, “Replacing
a Hard Drive in a Dual-Drive Assembly” on page 5-15.
5.5.1
Replacing a Hard Drive in a Single-Drive
Assembly
5.5.1.1
Removing the Hard Drive in a Single-Drive Assembly
1. Perform the procedures described in Chapter 4.
5-12
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
2. Disconnect the drive cable from the data/power connector at the rear of the hard
drive (FIGURE 5-9).
3. Pull the fasteners up on the rear of the single-drive assembly and remove the
assembly from the chassis (FIGURE 5-9).
FIGURE 5-9
5.5.1.2
Removing the Single-Drive Assembly
Installing the Hard Drive in a Single-Drive Assembly
1. Unpack the replacement single-drive assembly.
2. Slide the single-drive assembly into the chassis until it mates with the front of the
chassis (FIGURE 5-10).
Chapter 5
Replacing Field-Replaceable Units
5-13
FIGURE 5-10
Installing the Single-Drive Assembly
3. Push the fasteners down to lock the drive assembly into place in the chassis.
4. Redress the cable through the midwall in the chassis.
5. Reconnect the data cable to the data/power connector on the drive (FIGURE 5-10).
If you have a dual-drive cable installed in your system, connect the DRIVE 0
connector on the cable to the data/power connector at the rear of the drive. Do not
connect the DRIVE 1 connector on the cable to the data/power connector at the rear
of the drive in a single-drive assembly.
6. Perform the procedures described in Chapter 6.
7. Perform the necessary administrative tasks to reconfigure the hard drive.
The procedures that you perform at this point depend on how your data is
configured. You might need to partition the drive, create file systems, or load data
from backups.
5-14
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
5.5.2
Replacing a Hard Drive in a Dual-Drive Assembly
5.5.2.1
Removing a Hard Drive in a Dual-Drive Assembly
1. Perform the procedures described in Chapter 4.
2. Disconnect the drive cable from the data and power connectors on the
motherboard (FIGURE 5-11).
Data connector (J5002)
Data connector (J5003)
Power
connector
FIGURE 5-11
Location of Drive Power and Data Connectors on the Motherboard
Chapter 5
Replacing Field-Replaceable Units
5-15
3. Pull the fasteners up on the rear of the dual-drive assembly and remove the dualdrive assembly from the chassis (FIGURE 5-12).
Fasteners
FIGURE 5-12
Removing the Dual-Drive Assembly
4. Determine which of the two hard drives you want to remove.
■
■
The upper drive (drive 1) is typically the data drive or mirror drive.
The lower drive (drive 0) is typically the boot drive.
5. Remove the drive from the drive bracket.
If you are removing the lower drive, you must first remove the upper drive before
you can remove the lower drive.
■
To remove the upper drive (drive 1):
a. Disconnect the drive cable from the data/power connector on the upper drive.
b. Push the drive toward the back of the drive bracket and lift the drive away
from the bracket.
■
To remove the lower drive (drive 0):
a. Disconnect the drive cable from the data/power connector on the lower drive.
b. Push the drive toward the back of the drive bracket and lift the drive away
from the bracket.
5-16
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
5.5.2.2
Installing the Hard Drive in a Dual-Drive Assembly
1. Unpack the replacement hard drive.
2. Install the replacement drive in the drive bracket.
■
To replace the lower drive (drive 0):
a. Install the replacement drive in the lower drive slot in the drive bracket.
b. Push the drive firmly toward the front of the drive bracket until the hard drive
is completely seated.
c. Plug the DRIVE 0 connector on the drive cable into the data/power connector
on the lower drive.
Make sure the connector is correctly oriented before plugging it into the
data/power connector on the drive.
■
To replace the upper drive (drive 1):
a. Install the replacement drive in the upper drive slot in the drive bracket.
b. Push the drive firmly toward the front of the drive bracket until the hard drive
is completely seated.
c. Plug the DRIVE 1 connector on the drive cable into the data/power connector
on the upper drive.
Ensure that the connector is correctly oriented before plugging it into the
data/power connector on the drive.
3. Slide the drive assembly into the chassis until it mates with the front of the
chassis (FIGURE 5-13).
Chapter 5
Replacing Field-Replaceable Units
5-17
Fasteners
FIGURE 5-13
Installing the Dual-Drive Assembly
4. Push the fasteners down to lock the drive assembly into place in the chassis
(FIGURE 5-13).
5. Redress the cable through the midwall in the chassis.
6. Route the drive data cables underneath the power supply cable.
7. Plug the power connector on the dual-drive cable to the power connector on the
motherboard (FIGURE 5-11).
8. Plug the data connector marked J5003 on the cable to the J5003 data connector on
the motherboard (the connector farthest from the power supply).
Refer to FIGURE 5-11 for the location of the J5003 data connector.
9. Plug the data connector marked J5002 on the cable to the J5002 data connector on
the motherboard (the connector closest to the power supply).
Refer to FIGURE 5-11 for the location of the J5002 data connector.
10. Perform the procedures described in Chapter 6.
11. Use the Solaris format utility to label the 2.5-inch SAS hard drives.
Refer to the Labeling Unlabeled Hard Drives document for those instructions.
12. Perform the necessary administrative tasks to reconfigure the hard drive.
The procedures that you perform at this point depend on how your data is
configured. You might need to partition the drive, create file systems, load data from
backups, or have the data updated from a RAID configuration.
5-18
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
5.6
Replacing DIMMs
5.6.1
Removing DIMMs
Note – Not all DIMMs detected as faulty and offlined by POST must be replaced. In
service (maximum) mode, POST detects memory devices with errors that might be
corrected with Solaris PSH. See Section 3.4.5, “Correctable Errors Detected by POST”
on page 3-35.
Caution – This procedure requires that you handle components that are sensitive to
static discharges that can cause the component to fail. To avoid this problem, follow
the antistatic practices as described in Chapter 4.
1. Perform the procedures described in Chapter 4.
2. Locate the DIMM that you want to remove.
Use FIGURE 5-14 and TABLE 5-1 to identify the DIMM that you want to remove.
Chapter 5
Replacing Field-Replaceable Units
5-19
FIGURE 5-14
DIMM Locations
TABLE 5-1 maps the DIMM names that are displayed in faults to the socket numbers
that identify the location of the DIMM on the motherboard. The
Channel/Rank/DIMM locations (for example, CH0/R0/D0) are silkscreened on the
board and on a label near the board.
TABLE 5-1
DIMM Names and Socket Numbers
Socket Number
DIMM Name Used in Messages*
J0501
J0601
J0701
J0801
J1001
J1101
J1201
J1301
CH0/R0/D0
CH0/R0/D1
CH0/R1/D0
CH0/R1/D1
CH3/R0/D0
CH3/R0/D1
CH3/R1/D0
CH3/R1/D1
* DIMM names in messages are displayed with the full name, such as MB/CMP0/CH0/R1/D1, but this table
lists the DIMM name with the preceding MB/CMP0 omitted for clarity.
3. Note the DIMM location so that you can install the replacement DIMM in the
same socket.
4. Push down on the ejector levers on each side of the DIMM until the DIMM is
released.
5-20
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
5. Grasp the top corners of the DIMM and remove it from the motherboard.
6. Place the DIMM on an antistatic mat.
5.6.2
Installing DIMMs
Use the following guidelines and FIGURE 5-14 and TABLE 5-1 to plan the memory
configuration of your server.
■
■
Eight slots hold industry-standard DDR-2 memory DIMMs.
The server accepts the following DIMM sizes:
■
■
■
■
512 MB
1 GB
2 GB
4 GB
■
All DIMMs installed must be the same size.
■
DIMMs must be added four at a time.
■
Rank 0 memory must be fully populated for the server to function.
1. Unpack the replacement DIMMs and place them on an antistatic mat.
2. Ensure that the socket ejector tabs are in the open position.
3. Line up the replacement DIMM with the connector.
4. Push the DIMM into the socket until the ejector tabs lock the DIMM in place.
5. Perform the procedures described in Chapter 6.
Note – You must replace the top cover as instructed in the Chapter 6 chapter before
proceeding with these instructions. The top cover must be in place for ALOM CMT
to detect that a DIMM has been replaced.
6. Gain access to the ALOM sc> prompt.
Refer to the Advanced Lights Out Management (ALOM) CMT Guide for
instructions.
7. Run the showfaults -v command to determine how to clear the fault.
The method you use to clear a fault depends on how the fault is identified by the
showfaults command.
Chapter 5
Replacing Field-Replaceable Units
5-21
■
If the fault is a host-detected fault (displays a UUID), continue to Step 8. For
example:
sc> showfaults -v
ID Time
FRU
Fault
0 SEP 09 11:09:26 MB/CMP0/CH0/R0/D0 Host detected fault
MSGID:
SUN4V-8000-DX UUID: f92e9fbe-735e-c218-cf87-9e1720a28004
■
If the fault resulted in the FRU being disabled, such as the following,
sc> showfaults -v
ID Time
FRU
Fault
1 OCT 13 12:47:27 MB/CMP0/CH0/R0/D0 MB/CMP0/CH0/R0/D0
deemed faulty and disabled
then run the enablecomponent command to enable the FRU:
sc> enablecomponent MB/CMP0/CH0/R0/D0
8. Perform the following steps to verify the repair:
a. Set the virtual keyswitch to diag so that POST will run in Service mode.
sc> setkeyswitch diag
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SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
b. Issue the poweron command.
sc> poweron
c. Switch to the system console to view the POST output.
sc> console
Watch the POST output for possible fault messages. The following output is a
sign that POST did not detect any faults:
.
.
.
0:0>POST Passed all devices.
0:0>
0:0>DEMON: (Diagnostics Engineering MONitor)
0:0>Select one of the following functions
0:0>POST:Return to OBP.
0:0>INFO:
0:0>POST Passed all devices.
0:0>Master set ACK for vbsc runpost command and spin...
Note – Depending on the configuration of ALOM CMT POST variables and
whether POST detected faults or not, the system might boot, or the system might
remain at the ok prompt. If the system is at the ok prompt, type boot.
d. Return the virtual keyswitch to normal mode.
sc> setkeyswitch normal
e. Issue the Solaris OS fmadm faulty command.
# fmadm faulty
No memory or DIMM faults should be displayed.
If faults are reported, refer to the diagnostics flow chart in FIGURE 3-1 for an
approach to diagnose the fault.
Chapter 5
Replacing Field-Replaceable Units
5-23
9. Obtain the ALOM CMT sc> prompt.
10. Run the showfaults command.
If the fault was detected by the host and the fault information persists, the output
will be similar to the following example:
sc> showfaults -v
ID Time
FRU
Fault
0 SEP 09 11:09:26 MB/CMP0/CH0/R0/D0 Host detected fault
MSGID:
SUN4V-8000-DX UUID: f92e9fbe-735e-c218-cf87-9e1720a28004
If the showfaults command does not report a fault with a UUID, then you do not
need to proceed with the following steps because the fault is cleared.
11. Run the clearfault command.
sc> clearfault f92e9fbe-735e-c218-cf87-9e1720a28004
12. Switch to the system console.
sc> console
13. Issue the fmadm repair command with the UUID.
Use the same UUID that you used with the clearfault command.
# fmadm repair f92e9fbe-735e-c218-cf87-9e1720a28004
5-24
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
5.7
Replacing the Motherboard and Chassis
5.7.1
Removing the Motherboard and Chassis
The motherboard and chassis are replaced as a unit. Therefore, you must remove all
FRUs and associated cables from your chassis, and install them in the new chassis.
1. Perform the procedures described in Chapter 4.
2. Remove the PCI-Express card.
See Section 5.1, “Replacing the Optional PCI-Express Card” on page 5-2.
3. Remove the fan tray assembly and cable.
See Section 5.2, “Replacing the Fan Tray Assembly” on page 5-4.
4. Remove the power supply and cable.
See Section 5.3, “Replacing the Power Supply” on page 5-5.
5. Remove the hard drive and cable.
See Section 5.5, “Replacing a Hard Drive” on page 5-12.
6. Remove all DIMMs from the motherboard assembly.
See Section 5.6, “Replacing DIMMs” on page 5-19.
7. Remove the socketed system configuration SEEPROM from the motherboard and
place it on an antistatic mat.
The system configuration SEEPROM contains the persistent storage for the host ID
and Ethernet MAC addresses of the system, as well as the ALOM configuration
including the IP addresses and ALOM user accounts, if configured. This information
will be lost unless the system configuration SEEPROM is removed and installed in
the replacement motherboard. The PROM does not hold the fault data, and this data
is no longer accessible once the motherboard and chassis assembly is replaced.
The location of this SEEPROM is shown in Appendix A.
5.7.2
Installing the Motherboard and Chassis
1. Replace the PCI-Express card.
See Section 5.1, “Replacing the Optional PCI-Express Card” on page 5-2.
Chapter 5
Replacing Field-Replaceable Units
5-25
2. Replace the fan tray assembly and cable.
See Section 5.2, “Replacing the Fan Tray Assembly” on page 5-4.
3. Replace the power supply and cable.
See Section 5.3, “Replacing the Power Supply” on page 5-5.
4. Replace the hard drive and cable.
See Section 5.5, “Replacing a Hard Drive” on page 5-12.
5. Replace the memory DIMMs.
See Section 5.6, “Replacing DIMMs” on page 5-19.
6. Replace the socketed system configuration SEEPROM.
The location of this SEEPROM is shown in Appendix A.
7. Perform the procedures described in Chapter 6.
8. Boot the system and run POST to verify that the system is fully operational.
See Section 3.4, “Running POST” on page 3-22.
5-26
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
5.8
Replacing the Clock Battery
5.8.1
Removing the Clock Battery on the Motherboard
1. Perform the procedures described in Chapter 4.
2. Using a small flathead screwdriver, carefully pry the battery from the
motherboard (FIGURE 5-15).
FIGURE 5-15
5.8.2
Removing the Clock Battery From the Motherboard
Installing the Clock Battery on the Motherboard
1. Unpack the replacement battery.
2. Press the new battery into the motherboard with the + facing upward (FIGURE 5-16).
Chapter 5
Replacing Field-Replaceable Units
5-27
FIGURE 5-16
Installing the Clock Battery on the Motherboard
3. Perform the procedures described in Chapter 6.
4. Use the ALOM setdate command to set the day and time.
Use the setdate command before you power on the host system. For details about
this command, refer to the Advanced Lights Out Management (ALOM) CMT Guide.
5-28
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
CHAPTER
6
Finishing Up Servicing
This chapter describes how to finish up servicing the server.
The following topics are covered:
■
■
■
6.1
Section 6.1.1, “Replacing the Top Cover” on page 6-1
Section 6.1.2, “Reinstalling the Server Chassis in the Rack” on page 6-1
Section 6.1.3, “Applying Power to the Server” on page 6-2
Final Service Procedures
This section provides the finishing tasks in servicing your server.
6.1.1
Replacing the Top Cover
1. Place the top cover on the chassis.
Set the cover down so that the cover hangs over the rear of the server by about an
inch (2.5 cm).
2. Slide the cover forward until it latches into place.
6.1.2
Reinstalling the Server Chassis in the Rack
1. Refer to the SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Installation Guide for installation
instructions.
2. After you have reinstalled the server chassis in the rack, reconnect all cables that
you disconnected when you removed the chassis from the rack.
6-1
6.1.3
Applying Power to the Server
Note – If you have just disconnected the power cord from the power supply, you
must wait about five seconds before reconnecting the power cord to the power
supply.
● Reconnect the power cord to the power supply.
Note – As soon as the power cord is connected, standby power is applied.
Depending on the configuration of the firmware, the system might boot.
6-2
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
APPENDIX
A
Field-Replaceable Units
FIGURE A-1 shows the locations of the field-replaceable units (FRUs) in the server.
TABLE A-1 lists the FRUs. Note that item number 4 in FIGURE A-1 is a 3.5-inch SATA
drive used in the single-drive configuration. The 2.5-inch SAS drives used in the
dual-drive configuration look different, but would be installed in the same location
in the server.
A-1
5
2
4
6
7
8
1
.
FIGURE A-1
A-2
Field-Replaceable Units
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
3
1
TABLE A-1
Server FRU List
Item No.
FRU
1
Motherboard
and chassis
assembly
2
Replacement
Instructions
Description
Location
Section 5.7,
“Replacing the
Motherboard and
Chassis” on
page 5-25
The motherboard and chassis are
replaced as a single assembly. The
motherboard is provided in different
configurations to accommodate the
different processor models (6 core
and 8 core).
MB
DIMMs
Section 5.6,
“Replacing
DIMMs” on
page 5-19
Can be ordered in the following
sizes:
• 512 MB
• 1 GB
• 2 GB
See TABLE 5-1
and FIGURE 5-14.
3
Fan tray
assembly
Section 5.2,
“Replacing the Fan
Tray Assembly” on
page 5-4
A single assembly containing 4 fans.
FT0
4
Hard drives
Section 5.5,
“Replacing a Hard
Drive” on
page 5-12
One of the following configurations:
• One SATA disk drive, 3.5-inch
form factor
• Two SAS disk drives, 2.5-inch form
factor
HDD0
HDD1
5
Power supply
unit (PS)
Section 5.3,
“Replacing the
Power Supply” on
page 5-5
The power supply provides -3.3 Vdc
standby power at 3 @ 3 Amps and 12
Vdc at 25 Amps.
PS0
6
PCI-Express
card slot
Section 5.1,
“Replacing the
Optional PCIExpress Card” on
page 5-2
Optional add-on express card.
PCIE0
7
Clock battery
Section 5.8,
“Replacing the
Clock Battery” on
page 5-27
The battery is located on the
motherboard.
MB/BAT
8
SEEPROM
Remove and
replace the
socketed
SEEPROM.
The socketed SEEPROM contains the
MAC address and system
configuration information.
MB/SCC
Appendix A
Field-Replaceable Units
A-3
A-4
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
Index
A
AC OK LED, 3-4
Advanced ECC technology, 3-7
Advanced Lights Out Management (ALOM) CMT
connecting to, 3-13
diagnosis and repair of server, 3-11
POST, and, 3-23
prompt, 3-13
service related commands, 3-13
airflow, blocked, 3-5
ALOM CMT see Advanced Lights Out Management
(ALOM) CMT
antistatic mat, 1-2
antistatic wrist strap, 1-2
ASR blacklist, 3-46, 3-47
asrkeys, 3-46
Automatic System Recovery (ASR), 3-45
B
blacklist, ASR, 3-46
bootmode command, 3-14
break command, 3-14
C
chipkill, 3-7
clearasrdb command, 3-46
clearfault command, 3-14, 3-44
clearing POST detected faults, 3-38
clearing PSH detected faults, 3-43
clock battery
installing, 5-27
removing, 5-27
components, disabled, 3-46, 3-47
components, displaying the state of, 3-46
connecting to ALOM CMT, 3-13
console, 3-14
console command, 3-14, 3-29
consolehistory command, 3-14
D
DDR-2 memory DIMMs, 3-7
diag_level parameter, 3-23, 3-26
diag_mode parameter, 3-23, 3-26
diag_trigger parameter, 3-23, 3-26
diag_verbosity parameter, 3-23, 3-26
diagnostics
low level, 3-22
running remotely, 3-11
SunVTS, 3-48
DIMMs
example POST error output, 3-34
installing, 5-21
names and socket numbers, 5-20
removing, 5-19, 5-25
troubleshooting, 3-8
disablecomponent command, 3-46, 3-47
disabled component, 3-47
displaying FRU status, 3-19
dmesg command, 3-45
E
electrostatic discharge (ESD) prevention, 1-2
Index-1
enablecomponent command, 3-39, 3-46, 3-48
environmental faults, 3-4, 3-5, 3-13, 3-16
event log, checking the PSH, 3-41
exercising the system with SunVTS, 3-49
L
LEDs
AC OK, 3-4
Power OK, 3-4
log files, viewing, 3-45
F
fan status, displaying, 3-17
fan tray assembly
installing, 5-5
removing, 5-4
fault manager daemon, fmd(1M), 3-39
fault message ID, 3-16
fault records, 3-44
faults, 3-12, 3-16
environmental, 3-4, 3-5
recovery, 3-12
repair, 3-12
types of, 3-16
fmadm command, 3-44
fmdump command, 3-41
front panel
LED status, displaying, 3-17
FRU ID PROMs, 3-12
FRU status, displaying, 3-19
H
hard drive
installing, 5-8, 5-13, 5-17
removing, 5-12, 5-15
status, displaying, 3-17
hardware components sanity check, 3-27
help command, 3-14
I
installing
clock battery, 5-27
DIMMs, 5-21
fan tray assembly, 5-5
hard drive, 5-8, 5-13, 5-17
motherboard and chassis, 5-25
PCI-Express card, 5-3
power supply, 5-6
top cover, 5-11, 6-1
installing the server in the rack, 6-1
Index-2
M
memory
configuration, 3-7
fault handling, 3-6
message ID, 3-40
messages file, 3-44
motherboard and chassis
installing, 5-25
removing, 5-25
P
PCI-Express card
installing, 5-3
removing, 5-2
POST detected faults, 3-4, 3-16
POST see also power-on self-test (POST), 3-22
Power OK LED, 3-4
power supply
installing, 5-6
removing, 5-5
power supply status, displaying, 3-17
powercycle command, 3-15, 3-28, 3-36
powering down the system, 4-2
powering on the system, 6-2
poweroff command, 3-15
poweron command, 3-15
power-on self-test (POST), 3-5
about, 3-22
ALOM CMT commands, 3-23
configuration flow chart, 3-25
error message example, 3-34
error messages, 3-34
example output, 3-29
fault clearing, 3-38
faulty components detected by, 3-38
how to run, 3-28
parameters, changing, 3-26
reasons to run, 3-27
troubleshooting with, 3-6
Predictive Self-Healing (PSH)
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007
about, 3-39
clearing faults, 3-43
memory faults, and, 3-8
PSH detected faults, 3-16
PSH see also Predictive Self-Healing (PSH), 3-39
R
removing
clock battery, 5-27
DIMMs, 5-19, 5-25
fan tray assembly, 5-4
hard drive, 5-12, 5-15
motherboard and chassis, 5-25
PCI-Express card, 5-2
power supply, 5-5
top cover, 4-5
removing the server from the rack, 4-3
required tools, 4-2
reset command, 3-15
resetsc command, 3-15
S
safety information, 1-1
safety symbols, 1-1
Service Required LED, 3-12, 3-39
setkeyswitch parameter, 3-15, 3-26
setlocator command, 3-15
showcomponent command, 3-46
showenvironment command, 3-15, 3-17
showfaults command, 3-4
description and examples, 3-16
syntax, 3-15
troubleshooting with, 3-5
showfru command, 3-15, 3-19
showkeyswitch command, 3-15
showlocator command, 3-15
showlogs command, 3-15
showplatform command, 3-15
Solaris log files, 3-4
Solaris OS
collecting diagnostic information from, 3-44
Solaris Predictive Self-Healing (PSH) detected
faults, 3-4
SunVTS, 3-2, 3-4
exercising the system with, 3-49
running, 3-50
tests, 3-52
user interfaces, 3-49
support, obtaining, 3-5
syslogd daemon, 3-45
system console, switching to, 3-14
system temperatures, displaying, 3-17
T
top cover
installing, 5-11, 6-1
removing, 4-5
troubleshooting
actions, 3-4
DIMMs, 3-8
U
UltraSPARC T1 multicore processor, 3-40
Universal Unique Identifier (UUID), 3-39
V
virtual keyswitch, 3-26
voltage and current sensor status, displaying, 3-17
Index-3
Index-4
SPARC Enterprise T1000 Server Service Manual • April 2007