U.S.A.
Yamaha Corporation of America
6600 Orangethorpe Ave., Buena Park, Calif. 90620,
U.S.A.
Tel: 714-522-9011
CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA
MEXICO
Yamaha de México S.A. de C.V.
Calz. Javier Rojo Gómez #1149,
Col. Guadalupe del Moral
C.P. 09300, México, D.F., México
Tel: 55-5804-0600
BRAZIL
Yamaha Music Europe Branch Benelux
Clarissenhof 5-b, 4133 AB Vianen, The Netherlands
Tel: 0347-358 040
FRANCE
Yamaha Musique France
BP 70-77312 Marne-la-Vallée Cedex 2, France
Tel: 01-64-61-4000
ITALY
Yamaha Musica Italia S.P.A.
Combo Division
Viale Italia 88, 20020 Lainate (Milano), Italy
Tel: 02-935-771
SPAIN/PORTUGAL
Yamaha Música Ibérica, S.A.
Ctra. de la Coruna km. 17, 200, 28230
Las Rozas (Madrid), Spain
Tel: 91-639-8888
GREECE
Yamaha Musical do Brasil Ltda.
Rua Joaquim Floriano, 913 - 4' andar, Itaim Bibi,
CEP 04534-013 Sao Paulo, SP. BRAZIL
Tel: 011-3704-1377
ARGENTINA
Yamaha Music Latin America, S.A.
Sucursal de Argentina
Olga Cossettini 1553, Piso 4 Norte
Madero Este-C1107CEK
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Tel: 011-4119-7000
PANAMA AND OTHER LATIN
AMERICAN COUNTRIES/
CARIBBEAN COUNTRIES
Yamaha Music Latin America, S.A.
Torre Banco General, Piso 7, Urbanización Marbella,
Calle 47 y Aquilino de la Guardia,
Ciudad de Panamá, Panamá
Tel: +507-269-5311
EUROPE
THE UNITED KINGDOM/IRELAND
Yamaha Music U.K. Ltd.
Sherbourne Drive, Tilbrook, Milton Keynes,
MK7 8BL, England
Tel: 01908-366700
GERMANY
Philippos Nakas S.A. The Music House
147 Skiathou Street, 112-55 Athens, Greece
Tel: 01-228 2160
SWEDEN
Yamaha Scandinavia AB
J. A. Wettergrens Gata 1, Box 30053
S-400 43 Göteborg, Sweden
Tel: 031 89 34 00
DENMARK
YS Copenhagen Liaison Office
Generatorvej 6A, DK-2730 Herlev, Denmark
Tel: 44 92 49 00
FINLAND
F-Musiikki Oy
Kluuvikatu 6, P.O. Box 260,
SF-00101 Helsinki, Finland
Tel: 09 618511
SWITZERLAND/LIECHTENSTEIN
Yamaha Music Europe GmbH
Branch Switzerland in Zürich
Seefeldstrasse 94, 8008 Zürich, Switzerland
Tel: 01-383 3990
NORWAY
Norsk filial av Yamaha Scandinavia AB
Grini Næringspark 1, N-1345 Østerås, Norway
Tel: 67 16 77 70
ICELAND
Skifan HF
Skeifan 17 P.O. Box 8120, IS-128 Reykjavik, Iceland
Tel: 525 5000
Yamaha Music (Russia)
Office 4015, entrance 2, 21/5 Kuznetskii
Most street, Moscow, 107996, Russia
Tel: 495 626 0660
OTHER EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
Yamaha Music Europe GmbH
Siemensstraße 22-34, 25462 Rellingen, Germany
Tel: +49-4101-3030
AUSTRIA
Yamaha Music Europe GmbH Branch Austria
Schleiergasse 20, A-1100 Wien, Austria
Tel: 01-60203900
CZECH REPUBLIC/SLOVAKIA/
HUNGARY/SLOVENIA
Yamaha Music Europe GmbH Branch Austria
Schleiergasse 20, A-1100 Wien, Austria
Tel: 01-602039025
POLAND/LITHUANIA/LATVIA/ESTONIA
Yamaha Music Europe GmbH
Branch Sp.z o.o. Oddzial w Polsce
ul. 17 Stycznia 56, PL-02-146 Warszawa, Poland
Tel: 022-868-07-57
Yamaha Music & Electronics (China) Co.,Ltd.
2F, Yunhedasha, 1818 Xinzha-lu, Jingan-qu,
Shanghai, China
Tel: 021-6247-2211
HONG KONG
Tom Lee Music Co., Ltd.
11/F., Silvercord Tower 1, 30 Canton Road,
Tsimshatsui, Kowloon, Hong Kong
Tel: 2737-7688
INDIA
Yamaha Music India Pvt. Ltd.
5F Ambience Corporate Tower Ambience Mall Complex
Ambience Island, NH-8, Gurgaon-122001, Haryana, India
Tel: 0124-466-5551
INDONESIA
PT. Yamaha Music Indonesia (Distributor)
PT. Nusantik
Gedung Yamaha Music Center, Jalan Jend. Gatot
Subroto Kav. 4, Jakarta 12930, Indonesia
Tel: 21-520-2577
KOREA
Yamaha Music Korea Ltd.
8F, 9F, Dongsung Bldg. 158-9 Samsung-Dong,
Kangnam-Gu, Seoul, Korea
Tel: 080-004-0022
Owner's Manual
Bedienungsanleitung
Mode d'emploi
Manual de instrucciones
MALAYSIA
Yamaha Music Malaysia, Sdn., Bhd.
Lot 8, Jalan Perbandaran, 47301 Kelana Jaya,
Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia
Tel: 3-78030900
PHILIPPINES
Yupangco Music Corporation
339 Gil J. Puyat Avenue, P.O. Box 885 MCPO,
Makati, Metro Manila, Philippines
Tel: 819-7551
SINGAPORE
RUSSIA
Yamaha Music Europe GmbH
Siemensstraße 22-34, 25462 Rellingen, Germany
Tel: 04101-3030
ASIA
THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
English
Yamaha Canada Music Ltd.
135 Milner Avenue, Scarborough, Ontario,
M1S 3R1, Canada
Tel: 416-298-1311
THE NETHERLANDS/
BELGIUM/LUXEMBOURG
Deutsch
NORTH AMERICA
CANADA
Para detalles sobre productos, contacte su tienda Yamaha más cercana
o el distribuidor autorizado que se lista debajo.
AFRICA
Yamaha Corporation,
Asia-Pacific Music Marketing Group
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Naka-ku, Hamamatsu,
Japan 430-8650
Tel: +81-53-460-2312
MIDDLE EAST
TURKEY/CYPRUS
Yamaha Music Europe GmbH
Siemensstraße 22-34, 25462 Rellingen, Germany
Tel: 04101-3030
OTHER COUNTRIES
Yamaha Music Gulf FZE
LOB 16-513, P.O.Box 17328, Jubel Ali,
Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Tel: +971-4-881-5868
Yamaha Music Asia Pte., Ltd.
#03-11 A-Z Building
140 Paya Lebor Road, Singapore 409015
Tel: 747-4374
TAIWAN
Français
Pour plus de détails sur les produits, veuillez-vous adresser à Yamaha ou
au distributeur le plus proche de vous figurant dans la liste suivante.
Die Einzelheiten zu Produkten sind bei Ihrer unten aufgeführten
Niederlassung und bei Yamaha Vertragshändlern in den jeweiligen
Bestimmungsländern erhältlich.
Yamaha KHS Music Co., Ltd.
3F, #6, Sec.2, Nan Jing E. Rd. Taipei.
Taiwan 104, R.O.C.
Tel: 02-2511-8688
THAILAND
Siam Music Yamaha Co., Ltd.
4, 6, 15 and 16th floor, Siam Motors Building,
891/1 Rama 1 Road, Wangmai,
Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
Tel: 02-215-2626
OTHER ASIAN COUNTRIES
Yamaha Corporation,
Asia-Pacific Music Marketing Group
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Naka-ku, Hamamatsu,
Japan 430-8650
Tel: +81-53-460-2317
Español
For details of products, please contact your nearest Yamaha
representative or the authorized distributor listed below.
OCEANIA
AUSTRALIA
Yamaha Music Australia Pty. Ltd.
Level 1, 99 Queensbridge Street, Southbank,
Victoria 3006, Australia
Tel: 3-9693-5111
NEW ZEALAND
Music Works LTD
P.O.BOX 6246 Wellesley, Auckland 4680,
New Zealand
Tel: 9-634-0099
COUNTRIES AND TRUST
TERRITORIES IN PACIFIC OCEAN
Yamaha Corporation,
Asia-Pacific Music Marketing Group
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Naka-ku, Hamamatsu,
Japan 430-8650
Tel: +81-53-460-2312
HEAD OFFICE Yamaha Corporation, Pro Audio & Digital Musical Instrument Division
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Naka-ku, Hamamatsu, Japan 430-8650
Tel: +81-53-460-2445
EN
SY51
Yamaha Web Site (English only)
http://www.yamahasynth.com/
Yamaha Manual Library
http://www.yamaha.co.jp/manual/
U.R.G., Pro Audio & Digital Musical Instrument Division, Yamaha Corporation
© 2007-2009 Yamaha Corporation
DE
FR
WU25290 912APZC?.?-04E0
Printed in Indonesia
ES
Explanation of Graphical Symbols
The lightning flash with arrowhead symbol
within an equilateral triangle is intended to alert
the user to the presence of uninsulated
“dangerous voltage” within the product’s
enclosure that may be of sufficient magnitude to
constitute a risk of electric shock to persons.
CAUTION
RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT OPEN
The exclamation point within an equilateral
triangle is intended to alert the user to the
presence of important operating and
maintenance (servicing) instructions in the
literature accompanying the product.
CAUTION: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF
ELECTRIC SHOCK, DO NOT REMOVE
COVER (OR BACK). NO USER-SERVICEABLE
PARTS INSIDE. REFER SERVICING TO
QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL.
The above warning is located on the rear of the unit.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Read these instructions.
Keep these instructions.
Heed all warnings.
Follow all instructions.
Do not use this apparatus near water.
Clean only with dry cloth.
Do not block any ventilation openings. Install in
accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
Do not install near any heat sources such as radiators,
heat registers, stoves, or other apparatus (including
amplifiers) that produce heat.
Do not defeat the safety purpose of the polarized or
grounding-type plug. A polarized plug has two blades
with one wider than the other. A grounding type plug
has two blades and a third grounding prong. The wide
blade or the third prong are provided for your safety. If
the provided plug does not fit into your outlet, consult
an electrician for replacement of the obsolete outlet.
Protect the power cord from being walked on or pinched
particularly at plugs, convenience receptacles, and the
point where they exit from the apparatus.
11
12
13
14
Only use attachments/accessories specified by the
manufacturer.
Use only with the cart, stand,
tripod, bracket, or table specified
by the manufacturer, or sold with
the apparatus. When a cart is
used, use caution when moving
the cart/apparatus combination
to avoid injury from tip-over.
Unplug this apparatus during
lightning storms or when unused for long periods of
time.
Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel.
Servicing is required when the apparatus has been
damaged in any way, such as power-supply cord or plug
is damaged, liquid has been spilled or objects have
fallen into the apparatus, the apparatus has been
exposed to rain or moisture, does not operate normally,
or has been dropped.
WARNING
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF FIRE OR ELECTRIC SHOCK, DO NOT EXPOSE THIS APPARATUS TO RAIN OR MOISTURE.
(98-6500)
FCC INFORMATION (U.S.A.)
1. IMPORTANT NOTICE: DO NOT MODIFY THIS UNIT!
This product, when installed as indicated in the instructions contained in this manual, meets FCC requirements. Modifications not
expressly approved by Yamaha may void your authority, granted by
the FCC, to use the product.
2. IMPORTANT: When connecting this product to accessories and/
or another product use only high quality shielded cables. Cable/s
supplied with this product MUST be used. Follow all installation
instructions. Failure to follow instructions could void your FCC
authorization to use this product in the USA.
3. NOTE: This product has been tested and found to comply with the
requirements listed in FCC Regulations, Part 15 for Class “B” digital
devices. Compliance with these requirements provides a reasonable level of assurance that your use of this product in a residential
environment will not result in harmful interference with other electronic devices. This equipment generates/uses radio frequencies
and, if not installed and used according to the instructions found in
the users manual, may cause interference harmful to the operation
of other electronic devices. Compliance with FCC regulations does
not guarantee that interference will not occur in all installations. If
this product is found to be the source of interference, which can be
determined by turning the unit “OFF” and “ON”, please try to eliminate the problem by using one of the following measures:
Relocate either this product or the device that is being affected by
the interference.
Utilize power outlets that are on different branch (circuit breaker or
fuse) circuits or install AC line filter/s.
In the case of radio or TV interference, relocate/reorient the
antenna. If the antenna lead-in is 300 ohm ribbon lead, change the
lead-in to co-axial type cable.
If these corrective measures do not produce satisfactory results,
please contact the local retailer authorized to distribute this type of
product. If you can not locate the appropriate retailer, please contact Yamaha Corporation of America, Electronic Service Division,
6600 Orangethorpe Ave, Buena Park, CA90620
The above statements apply ONLY to those products distributed by
Yamaha Corporation of America or its subsidiaries.
* This applies only to products distributed by YAMAHA CORPORATION OF AMERICA.
OBSERVERA!
Apparaten kopplas inte ur växelströmskällan (nätet) så länge
som den ar ansluten till vägguttaget, även om själva apparaten
har stängts av.
ADVARSEL: Netspæendingen til dette apparat er IKKE
afbrudt, sålæenge netledningen siddr i en stikkontakt, som er t
endt — også selvom der or slukket på apparatets afbryder.
VAROITUS: Laitteen toisiopiiriin kytketty käyttökytkin ei irroita
koko laitetta verkosta.
(standby)
The serial number of this product may be found on the rear of
the unit. You should note this serial number in the space provided below and retain this manual as a permanent record of
your purchase to aid identification in the event of theft.
(class B)
COMPLIANCE INFORMATION STATEMENT
(DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY PROCEDURE)
Responsible Party :
Address :
Telephone :
Type of Equipment :
Model Name :
Yamaha Corporation of America
6600 Orangethorpe Ave., Buena Park, Calif. 90620
714-522-9011
Digital Mixing Studio
n8/n12
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following conditions:
1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
2) this device must accept any interference received including interference
that may cause undesired operation.
See user manual instructions if interference to radio reception is suspected.
* This applies only to products distributed by
YAMAHA CORPORATION OF AMERICA.
(FCC DoC)
Model No.
IMPORTANT NOTICE FOR THE UNITED KINGDOM
Connecting the Plug and Cord
Serial No.
IMPORTANT. The wires in this mains lead are coloured in accordance
with the following code:
BLUE
: NEUTRAL
BROWN : LIVE
As the colours of the wires in the mains lead of this apparatus may not
correspond with the coloured makings identifying the terminals in your
plug proceed as follows:
The wire which is coloured BLUE must be connected to the terminal
which is marked with the letter N or coloured BLACK.
The wire which is coloured BROWN must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter L or coloured RED.
Making sure that neither core is connected to the earth terminal of the
three pin plug.
(rear)
IMPORTANT
Please record the serial number of this unit in the space below.
Model:
Serial No.:
The serial number is located on the bottom or rear of the unit.
Retain this Owner's Manual in a safe place for future
reference.
* This applies only to products distributed by
YAMAHA CORPORATION OF AMERICA
(Ser. No)
• This applies only to products distributed by Yamaha-Kemble Music (U.K.) Ltd.
(2 wires)
Table of Contents
Welcome .......................................... 5
Features ........................................... 5
Included items (please check) ....... 5
Turning On and Off the Power to the
Mixer ................................................ 8
English
Before Turning On the Power to the Mixer .............. 8
Turning the Power On and Off ................................ 8
Recording Basics ............................ 9
Techie Words? Don’t Be Afraid. .............................. 9
Signals — Level and Decibel ............................ 9
Balanced or Unbalanced? ................................ 9
How balanced lines work .................................. 9
How unbalanced lines work ............................ 10
Connector Variations ....................................... 10
Phone connectors ........................................... 10
RCA pin connectors ........................................ 10
Inside Your Mixer .................................................. 11
Basic Structure ................................................ 11
Monitor mix for musicians, external effects ..... 12
Front and Rear Panels ................... 13
Using the n8/n12 with
Cubase 5 series ............................. 33
What you can do using the n8/n12 with Cubase ... 33
Computer setup for the Link function .................... 34
Using the Link Function ......................................... 36
Remotely controlling the Cubase transport section
and audio tracks ........................................ 36
Remotely adjusting the
click sound (metronome) ........................... 36
Selecting the Work mode ................................ 36
Let’s start our recording session! .......................... 39
Mixing signals on the n8/n12,
then recording ........................................... 39
Recording n8/n12 input channel signals directly to
Cubase ...................................................... 41
Mixing recorded tracks .......................................... 43
Mixing audio tracks ......................................... 43
Mixing down .................................................... 45
Monitoring in a Surround Sound
Environment (n12 only) .................. 46
Connecting surround speakers ............................. 46
Placement of the surround speakers .................... 46
Setting up surround monitoring ............................. 47
Channel Control section ........................................ 13
Master Control section .......................................... 16
Replacing the Sweet Spot Data .... 48
Meter section ......................................................... 17
Using the n8/n12 with Software Other
Than Cubase .................................. 49
Control Room section ............................................ 18
DAW Remote Control section ............................... 19
Rear I/O section .................................................... 20
Setting Up the Mixer ..................... 22
4
Using the n8/n12 with a DAW other than Cubase . 49
Audio Driver Setup .......................................... 49
MIDI Driver Setup ............................................ 49
Setup Procedure ................................................... 22
Using the n8/n12 along with
a multimedia application .................................... 51
n12 Setup Example (Home recording) .................. 22
Troubleshooting ............................. 53
n8 Setup Example (Home recording) .................... 23
While using the mixer ............................................ 53
Installing Monitor Speakers ................................... 23
While using the mixer with a computer ................. 53
A Hands-On Guide to the n8/n12 ... 24
Error Messages ..................................................... 55
Let’s Hear It! .......................................................... 24
Connecting sound sources and
monitor devices ......................................... 24
Adjusting the gain ........................................... 24
Setting up the monitoring environment ........... 25
Adjusting the volume level .............................. 26
Index .............................................. 56
Making Great Mixes .............................................. 28
Manipulating compression .............................. 28
Mastery of EQ .................................................. 29
Panning and balancing ................................... 30
Mixing into stereo ............................................ 30
Applying reverb ............................................... 31
Soloing a channel ............................................ 32
Dimensional Diagrams .......................................... 63
Owner’s Manual
Appendix ........................................ 57
Specifications ........................................................ 57
Bus connections of n8/n12 and DAW ................... 60
Block Diagram ....................................................... 64
MIDI Implementation Chart ................................... 65
Welcome
Welcome
Thank you for purchasing the Yamaha n8/n12 Digital Mixing Studio. The n8/n12 is a comprehensive music production system
that packages a digital mixer featuring easy yet full-fledged recording/mixdown operations with the cutting-edge DAW software
Cubase AI. Connecting a computer to the mixer’s IEEE 1394 port enables you to configure an ideal recording environment.
Please read this Owner’s Manual before you start using the n8/n12 so that you can take full advantage of the mixer’s superlative
features and enjoy trouble-free operation for years to come. Also, keep this book in a safe place for future reference.
Ease of operation
Analog-like mixing interface ensures intuitive operation.
High-quality sound
Based on an examination of existing head amp circuits, a new head amp circuit has been developed to provide higher
quality and superior musical characteristics.
English
Features
Mixer functions
The mixer can handle up to 16 channel inputs (n12) or 12 channel inputs (n8), mixing them to stereo outputs. Each
monaural input jack features an XLR jack with a phantom power supply, which enables you to connect a wide range of
instruments and devices, from condenser microphones to synthesizers and other line-level instruments. Input channel 8
(n12) and Input channel 4 (n8) support Hi-Z input for direct connection of an electric guitar or bass.
Computer connection via a single IEEE 1394 cable
Connect a computer with an IEEE 1394 port to the n8/n12 using an IEEE 1394 cable to transfer audio and MIDI signals
between the mixer and Steinberg Cubase or other DAW.
* In order to monitor in a surround environment, you will need a surround-capable application such as Cubase 5. The included
Cubase AI does not support surround.
Link with Cubase
Install Cubase AI on the computer, and the n8/n12 will link to Cubase and operate together seamlessly. For example, you
can record the n8/n12 input signals to Cubase as is, or mix Cubase audio tracks on the n8/n12. You can also turn on and
off the monitor for the VST effects or control the transport section and tracks remotely from the n8/n12. In addition, Purchase
the separately-available Cubase 5 and use it with the n8/n12 to enjoy advanced functionality such as surround.
Control Room monitoring function
The n8/n12 features a monitoring function dedicated to the Control Room (Control Room Monitor function). You can
connect one (n8) or three (n12) monitoring speakers to the mixer. If a computer is connected to the n12, you can
monitor the sound from Cubase or another DAW in a surround sound environment.
Newly developed compressor
The n8/n12 includes a newly developed compressor that adopts Sweet Spot Morphing technology. The mixer provides
various compressor presets that represent the distillation of extensive professional engineering experience, letting you
quickly and easily bring your sound to a professional standard.
Three-band EQ on each channel
Each input channel features a full 3-band (high/mid/low) equalizer, providing easy sound shaping to suit your preferences.
Digital reverb at your service
A built-in digital reverb can be assigned to all input channels. If a computer is connected to the mixer, you can also apply
digital reverberation to output from Cubase or another DAW, as well as to microphone and other instrumental sounds.
Included items (please check)
Power adaptor (n12= PA-30, n8=PA-20)*
* May not be included depending on your particular
area. Please check with your Yamaha dealer.
Owner’s Manual
IEEE 1394 cable
TOOLS for n Version2/Cubase AI installation guide
TOOLS for n Version2 CD-ROM
Cubase AI DVD-ROM
NOTE
Please read the software license agreement before
you unseal the included discs. The software license
agreement is given at the end of the TOOLS for n
Version2/Cubase AI installation guide.
Owner’s Manual
5
PRECAUTIONS
PRECAUTIONS
PLEASE READ CAREFULLY BEFORE PROCEEDING
* Please keep this manual in a safe place for future reference.
WARNING
English
Always follow the basic precautions listed below to avoid the possibility of serious injury or even death from electrical
shock, short-circuiting, damages, fire or other hazards. These precautions include, but are not limited to, the following:
Power supply/Power cord
• Only use the voltage specified as correct for the device. The required voltage is
printed on the name plate of the device.
• Use only the included AC power adaptor (*PA-30 for the n12, PA-20 for the n8
or an equivalent recommended by Yamaha).
• Do not place the power cord near heat sources such as heaters or radiators,
and do not excessively bend or otherwise damage the cord, place heavy objects
on it, or place it in a position where anyone could walk on, trip over, or roll
anything over it.
Water warning
• Do not expose the device to rain, use it near water or in damp or wet
conditions, or place containers on it containing liquids which might spill into
any openings.
If any liquid such as water seeps into the device, turn off the power immediately
and unplug the power cord from the AC outlet. Then have the device inspected
by qualified Yamaha service personnel.
• Never insert or remove an electric plug with wet hands.
If you notice any abnormality
Do not open
• Do not open the device or attempt to disassemble the internal parts or modify
them in any way. The device contains no user-serviceable parts. If it should
appear to be malfunctioning, discontinue use immediately and have it
inspected by qualified Yamaha service personnel.
• If the power cord or plug becomes frayed or damaged, or if there is a sudden
loss of sound during use of the device, or if any unusual smells or smoke
should appear to be caused by it, immediately turn off the power switch,
disconnect the electric plug from the outlet, and have the device inspected by
qualified Yamaha service personnel.
• If this device or the AC power adaptor should be dropped or damaged,
immediately turn off the power switch, disconnect the electric plug from the
outlet, and have the device inspected by qualified Yamaha service personnel.
CAUTION
Always follow the basic precautions listed below to avoid the possibility of physical injury to you or others, or damage
to the device or other property. These precautions include, but are not limited to, the following:
Power supply/Power cord
• Remove the electric plug from the outlet when the device is not to be used for
extended periods of time, or during electrical storms.
• When removing the electric plug from the device or an outlet, always hold the
plug itself and not the cord. Pulling by the cord can damage it.
• Do not expose the device to excessive dust or vibrations, or extreme cold or
heat (such as in direct sunlight, near a heater, or in a car during the day) to
prevent the possibility of panel disfiguration or damage to the internal
components.
• To avoid generating unwanted noise, make sure there is adequate distance
between the AC power adaptor and the device.
• Do not place the device in an unstable position where it might accidentally fall
over.
• Do not cover or wrap the AC power adaptor with a cloth or blanket.
• Do not block the vents. This device has ventilation holes at the top/bottom to
prevent the internal temperature from becoming too high. In particular, do not
place the device on its side or upside down. Inadequate ventilation can result in
overheating, possibly causing damage to the device(s), or even fire.
Location
• Before moving the device, remove all connected cables.
• When setting up the device, make sure that the AC outlet you are using is easily
accessible. If some trouble or malfunction occurs, immediately turn off the
power switch and disconnect the plug from the outlet. Even when the power
switch is turned off, electricity is still flowing to the product at the minimum
level. When you are not using the product for a long time, make sure to unplug
the power cord from the wall AC outlet.
6
• Avoid setting all equalizer controls and faders to their maximum. Depending on
the condition of the connected devices, doing so may cause feedback and may
damage the speakers.
Owner’s Manual
• Do not use the device in the vicinity of a TV, radio, stereo equipment, mobile
phone, or other electric devices. Doing so may result in noise, both in the
device itself and in the TV or radio next to it.
Connections
• Before connecting the device to other devices, turn off the power for all devices.
Before turning the power on or off for all devices, set all volume levels to
minimum.
PRECAUTIONS
Maintenance
• Remove the power plug from the AC outlet when cleaning the device.
Handling caution
• When turning on the AC power in your audio system, always turn on the power
amplifier LAST, to avoid speaker damage. When turning the power off, the
power amplifier should be turned off FIRST for the same reason.
• Do not insert your fingers or hands in any gaps or openings on the device
(vents, ports, etc.).
English
• Avoid inserting or dropping foreign objects (paper, plastic, metal, etc.) into any
gaps or openings on the device (vents, ports, etc.) If this happens, turn off the
power immediately and unplug the power cord from the AC outlet. Then have
the device inspected by qualified Yamaha service personnel.
• Do not apply oil, grease, or contact cleaner to the faders. Doing so may cause
problems with electrical contact or fader motion.
• Do not use the device or headphones for a long period of time at a high or
uncomfortable volume level, since this can cause permanent hearing loss. If
you experience any hearing loss or ringing in the ears, consult a physician.
• Do not rest your weight on the device or place heavy objects on it, and avoid
use excessive force on the buttons, switches or connectors.
XLR-type connectors are wired as follows (IEC60268 standard): pin 1: ground, pin 2: hot (+), and pin 3: cold (-).
Insert TRS phone jacks are wired as follows: sleeve: ground, tip: send, and ring: return.
Yamaha cannot be held responsible for damage caused by improper use or modifications to the device, or data that is lost or destroyed.
Always turn the power off when the device is not in use.
Even when the power switch is in the “STANDBY” position, electricity is still flowing to the device at the minimum level. When you are not using the device for a long time,
make sure you unplug the power cord from the wall AC outlet.
The performance of components with moving contacts, such as switches, volume controls, and connectors, deteriorates over time. Consult qualifi ed Yamaha service
personnel about replacing defective components.
The illustrations and LCD screens as shown in this owner’s manual are for instructional purposes only, and may appear somewhat different from those on your instrument.
This product incorporates and bundles computer programs and contents in which Yamaha owns copyrights or with respect to which it has license to use others' copyrights.
Such copyrighted materials include, without limitation, all computer software, music data, etc. Any unauthorized use of such programs and contents outside of personal use
is not permitted under relevant laws. Any violation of copyright has legal consequences. DON'T MAKE, DISTRIBUTE OR USE ILLEGAL COPIES.
Copying of the commercially available musical data including but not limited to MIDI data and/or audio data is strictly prohibited except for your personal use.
• Windows is the registered trademarks of Microsoft(R) Corporation.
• Apple, Mac and Macintosh are trademarks of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries.
• FireWire and the FireWire symbol are trademarks of Apple, Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. The FireWire logo is a trademark of Apple, Inc.
• Steinberg and Cubase are the registered trademarks of Steinberg Media Technologies GmbH.
• The company names and product names in this Owner’s Manual are the trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies.
Owner’s Manual
7
Turning On and Off the Power to the Mixer
Turning On and Off the Power to the Mixer
Before Turning On the
Power to the Mixer
Turning the Power On and
Off
1. Make sure that the mixer’s power switch is in the
1. To turn the power on, press the mixer’s power
English
STANDBY position.
switch to the ON position.
2. To turn the power off, press the power switch to
Warning
Use only the included power adaptor (*PA-30 for the n12, PA20 for the n8 or an equivalent recommended by Yamaha). Use
of a different adaptor may result in equipment damage,
overheating, or fire. In such cases, the product warranty will be
void immediately even within the effective warranty period.
2. Connect the power adaptor to the AC INPUT
connector (1) on the rear panel of the mixer,
then turn the fastening ring clockwise (2) to
secure the connection.
2
1
3. Connect the power adaptor to a standard
household power outlet securely.
Caution
• Be sure to unplug the adaptor from the outlet when you are
not using the mixer, or when lightning storms are expected in
your area.
• Make sure that there is adequate distance between the
power adaptor and the mixer. Otherwise, noise may be
generated.
8
Owner’s Manual
the STANDBY position.
Caution
Note that a small amount of current continues to flow while the
switch is in the STANDBY position. If you do not plan to use the
mixer for an extended period of time, please be sure to unplug
the adaptor from the wall outlet.
NOTE
To prevent sudden loud sounds from being
produced from your speakers, power-on your
equipment starting at the audio source (instrument,
mic, CD player, etc.) and working downstream.
Example: Instruments, mics, CD players, and other
peripheral devices → n8/n12 → Powered speakers
(power amps)
When turning the power off, reverse the above
sequence.
Recording Basics
Recording Basics
Signals — Level and Decibel
Balanced or Unbalanced?
Assume the softest sound a human being can hear is at
a level of “1,” and the loudest sound a human being can
endure hearing is at a level of “1,000,000.” The
difference expressed in these numbers is huge, and
you have to use too many digits to express the level.
This is very inconvenient. So, we use a term or unit
called “decibel (dB),” defining the normal level
difference between the softest and loudest sounds
detectable by human hearing to be 120 dB.
A decibel is a relative value based on a reference level
of 0 dB. Audio devices usually treat audio as electrical
signals. There are various types of decibel
measurements: dBu, dBV, dBm, etc., but the most
popular one is dBu, which is based on 0.775V as the
reference level (0 dBu). The output level of a
microphone is very low –– about several millivolts (–60
dBu — –30 dBu). On the other hand, the maximum
output of a mixer can be 12 V (+24 dBu).
In most cases, shielded cables are used to transfer
signals between audio devices. Shielded cables are
divided into two types: balanced and unbalanced.
Balanced lines are very good at rejecting noise, and
they are the best choice for long cable runs or for
transferring very weak signals. Unbalanced cables are
usually used for line-level signals.
Microphone:
Short line-level runs:
Long line-level runs:
Use balanced lines.
Unbalanced lines are fine.
Use balanced lines.
English
Techie Words? Don’t Be Afraid.
We are constantly surrounded by random electromagnetic
radiation (noise), such as radio and TV signals as well as
spurious electromagnetic noise generated by power lines,
motors, electric appliances, computers, and other
sources. The longer the wire, the more noise it is likely to
pick up. To avoid noise, use the shortest cable possible.
Anatomy of a shielded cable
hot
cold
+ 20 dBu
Professional audio gear, such as a
mixer or a power amplifier, features
line inputs and outputs with a
nominal level of +4 dBu.
shield
(ground)
Keyboards and other line instruments
have line inputs and outputs with a
nominal level of –10 dBu.
jacket
0 dBu
0.775 V
-20 dBu
-40 dBu
-60 dBu
Microphone levels vary depending
on the sound source. Speech is at
about –30 dBu. Bird chirping is
lower than –50 dBu. Closely
recorded drums could reach 0 dBu.
To create clear sounds, a signal should be input to a
mixer at an appropriate level. When you connect audio
devices to your mixer, be sure to match the nominal
input of an instrument to the output level of the mixer,
then adjust the input level with the mixer’s gain control.
too low
appropriate
level
input signal
gain
control
output signal
too high
balanced
unbalanced
As shown in the illustration above, a shielded cable
consists of one hot (and cold conductor) wrapped in a
metal net (shield, or ground conductor). The ground
functions as a barrier against noise, protecting the
signal from noise that may be induced in the line.
How balanced lines work
A cable that features an XLR plug on each end is a
balanced line. It consists of hot (+), cold (–), and
ground conductors.
A device transmits an original hot (+) signal through the
hot conductor and the same, but inverted, signal
through the cool (–) conductor to the destination. The
receiving device inverts the inverted signal back to
normal and combines it with the original hot signal.
Any noise induced in the line will be exactly the same in
both conductors, and thus in phase. The trick is that the
phase of one signal (through the cool (–) conductor) is
reversed at the receiving end of the line so that the
desired audio signals become in-phase, and the
induced noise suddenly finds itself out of phase. The
out-of-phase noise signal is effectively canceled while
the audio signal is left intact.
Owner’s Manual
9
Recording Basics
This is why balanced lines excel at rejecting noise.
noise
hot (+)
synthesized
signal
cold (–)
English
phase
inversion
ground
(GND)
transmitter
phase
inversion
noise canceling
cable
Connector Variations
Audio devices feature various types of connectors.
Questions you are likely to encounter when setting up a
system for the first time might include “Why all these
different types of connectors on the back of my mixer?”
and “What is the difference between various types of
connectors?”
Let’s start by taking a look at the most common types of
connectors.
XLR-type connectors
receiver
male
How unbalanced lines work
Unbalanced connectors and cables are less expensive
than balanced cables. If the level of signals to be
transmitted is very high and/or the signal is not
susceptible to noise, or all connections are very short,
you can use unbalanced lines.
Monaural phone jacks and RCA pin jacks (which are
often used for consumer AV gear) are always
unbalanced. On an unbalanced line, signals travel
through a hot (+) conductor and a ground (GND)
conductor (which is a combination of cold and ground
conductors). Therefore, an unbalanced line does not
feature noise canceling (unlike a balanced cable).
However, the output signal level through unbalanced
jacks is usually high enough that using unbalanced
lines is just fine. You can also convert unbalanced
signals into balanced signals using a DI (*).
female
An XLR-type connector, which supports balanced lines,
is sturdy and less susceptible to deformation. The plug
features a lock mechanism, so even if you pull the
cable, it will not be disconnected. It is often used in
professional environments that demand a high level of
reliability.
When you connect an XLR cable, the ground conductor
on the XLR plug and XLR jack comes in contact first.
Therefore, unlike with an RCA pin cable or phone cable,
you can avoid pop noises when connecting an XLR
cable. Usually, male plugs will output and female plugs
will input.
Phone connectors
stereo/TRS phone plug
noise
transmitter
cable
(*) A
receiver
DI is a direct injection box that converts unbalanced
signals into balanced signals. For example, if you
connect an electric guitar to a mixer directly, the sound
may be thin or noise may be induced. In this case, you
can connect a DI between the instrument and the
mixer to convert the signal into a balanced one and
avoid a thin, noisy sound.
mono phone plug
The name “phone” arose simply because this
configuration was first used in telephone switchboards.
Phone jacks can be stereo or monaural. A stereo phone
jack is also referred to as a “TRS” phone jack, and is set
up to handle stereo signals, such as for headphones,
and insert I/O signals. A stereo phone jack can also
handle balanced signals. A monaural phone jack is
unbalanced, and can be used to connect an electric
guitar or other instruments, to an amplifier.
RCA pin connectors
white
red
This type of unbalanced pin jack has been widely used
on home audio/video equipment for many years. The
plugs are color coded according to the signals they
carry. A white plug is used for the left audio channel,
and a red plug is used for the right audio channel.
10
Owner’s Manual
Recording Basics
Inside Your Mixer
4 Channel fader
Basic Structure
The purpose of configuring an audio system around a
mixer is to collect signals from all channels and mix to
achieve a good balance. Here is a greatly simplified
block diagram of a mixer to help you understand the
signal path.
Simplified mixer block diagram
5 Bus
master
section
Input channel signals are routed to buses, mixed
together there, then output in stereo (master).
IN
COMP
English
bus
■ Bus
BUS
input channel
A channel fader enables you to adjust the level of
the corresponding input channel signal that is going
to be routed to the buses (excluding a pre-fader
signal).
This control is most often used during mixing.
EQ
OUT
bus
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
■ Input channel
1 Head amp
The very first stage in any mixer through which the
input signal flows. The head amp features a gain
control that enables you to adjust the mixer’s input
sensitivity to match the level of the source.
You can amplify small signals, and attenuate large
signals.
2 Compressor/Equalizer
This stage enables you to process the input signal.
A compressor attenuates the peak level of the input
signal, and raises the overall signal level at the same
time, to lessen the level difference and raise the
sound pressure.
An equalizer adjusts the tone by boosting
(amplifying) or cutting (attenuating) certain
frequency ranges. You can use an equalizer to
change the tone to suit the acoustic environment of
a particular room, or to create a new sound. An
equalizer could be a high pass filter that cuts the
sound below a specified frequency.
Some mixers feature compressors and/or equalizers,
and some do not.
3 Level meter (input channel)
If the signal level is too high for the head amp or
compressor/equalizer to handle, the sound will clip
and be distorted. An input channel level meter enables
you to monitor this signal level. Some mixers feature a
channel peak LED that indicates only the peak level.
If the input signal is overloaded, adjust the head
amp gain control.
Most mixers have multiple level meters (including the
indicators). It is important to know the mixer stage for
which the meters are indicating signal levels.
Buses are categorized into a few types based on their
purpose: stereo bus for stereo mix, AUX bus for AUX
send, etc. Using the appropriate buses is one of the
keys to basic mixing.
The n8/n12 features the following buses:
• STEREO bus (L/R)
• AUX bus (L/R)
• REC bus (L/R)
• REVERB bus (L/R)
• SOLO bus (L/R)
■ Master section
6 Stereo (master) fader
The master section enables you to adjust the level of
signals routed from buses.
Use a stereo master fader to adjust the level of the
mixer’s main output from the stereo buses.
Depending on the design of the mixer, a fader is
provided for each bus so that you can adjust the
level of each bus output.
7 Level meter (master)
This meter indicates the signal level in the master
section, which is the mixer’s final output level.
Owner’s Manual
11
Recording Basics
One important mixer function is to send out signals for
signal processing via an external effect unit or to be
monitored by the musicians. For these purposes, mixers
feature AUX bus and Insert I/O.
■ AUX buses for monitor sends
and overall effects
channel
fader
PRE
ON
STEREO BUS
AUX BUS
English
AUX (Auxiliary) buses are very convenient buses that
can be used for various purposes, such as: a) to create
a monitor mix that is separate from the main mix and
sent to the players for monitoring, and b) to process the
signal via an external effect unit and then bring it back
into the mix.
When you are using the AUX buses, you need to
consider whether you want a “pre-fader” signal (a signal
taken from a point before the channel fader) or a “postfader” signal (a signal taken from a point after the
channel fader) to be sent to the AUX buses.
On the n8/n12, a pre-fader signal is sent to the AUX
bus. Thus the bus signal is not affected by the channel
fader.
stereo fader
OUT
AUX send level
OUT
• Using AUX buses to create a monitor mix for players
Players prefer a pre-fader signal that maintains a proper
level balance. Since the pre-fader signal is sent to the
AUX bus on the n8/n12, even if you raise the input
channel fader for guitar during the guitar solo, the fader
operation does not affect the AUX bus output, which
remains independent of the main mix.
If a post-fader signal is routed to the AUX buses for
monitoring, the fader operation will affect the balance of
the monitor mix. This is something that you and the
players would probably like to avoid.
• Using AUX buses to process the signal via an
external effect unit
If you are using an AUX bus to send a pre-fader signal
to an external effect unit, you can adjust the level of the
input channel signal and the amount of effect
separately.
For example, if you operate the fader for the input
channel signal that is sent to the effect unit, the balance
between the dry signal (unprocessed) and the wet
signal (processed by the effect unit) will change. To
maintain the same balance between the dry and wet
signals, you must adjust the AUX send level whenever
you adjust the channel fader.
12
Owner’s Manual
■ Built-in digital reverb
The n8/n12 features a REVERB bus that is dedicated
to the built-in digital reverb. This is almost identical to
the AUX bus, and can be used to send signals to the
built-in digital reverb.
The only difference from the AUX bus is that a postfader signal is routed to the REVERB bus. Therefore,
the send level is affected by the channel fader, so
the effect level always remains in proportion to the
channel signal when you adjust the channel fader.
STEREO BUS
REVERB BUS
Monitor mix for musicians,
external effects
channel fader
stereo fader
POST
OUT
digital
reverb
REVERB
send level
■ Insert I/O for processing
individual channel signals
Insert I/O jacks function in a manner similar to the AUX
buses: they provide a send and a return for signal
processing via an external effect unit. However, unlike
AUX buses that “collect multiple channel signals, then
send them together to an effect unit,” insert I/O jacks
are used to “send an individual channel signal to an
external effect unit, then return it to the mixer.”
A channel signal that is routed to the insert out jack has
already been amplified or attenuated to an appropriate
level via the gain control. Connect a compressor, limiter,
equalizer or other effect unit that can control the overall
signal to the insert I/O jacks.
You can also connect a reverb or similar effect unit to
process only a single channel signal.
When you connect an effect unit to the insert I/O jacks,
the channel signal will be routed to the external effect
unit via the insert out jack. The signal will be processed
by the effect unit, then returned to the mixer via the
insert in jack. It then resumes its normal path.
effect unit
INSERT
OUT
INPUT CHANNEL
INSERT
IN
channel
fader
Front and Rear Panels
Front and Rear Panels
Channel Control section
1 [GAIN] control
1
Monaural input channel
4
2
5
3
6
[PAD] switch is
on (
).
The level can be adjusted between
–34 dB and +10 dB.
[PAD] switch is
off (
).
The level can be adjusted between
–60 dB and –16 dB.
English
This control adjusts the input signal level from the input
jacks (sensitivity). The adjustable range on each
monaural channel varies depending on the on/off status
of the [PAD] switch (2).
Stereo input channel
7
The level can be adjusted between –26 dB and +4 dB.
To achieve a quality sound with a good S/N ratio and
a wide dynamic range, set this control as high as
possible without allowing the OVER LED (see
page 15) to light.
8
2 [PAD] switch
This switch turns each channel pad on and off.
When it is turned on (
), the input signal from the
input jacks is attenuated by 26 dB. Turn the switch
off (
) when you connect a microphone or other
device with a low input level to the corresponding
monaural channel. Turn it on (
) when you
connect a synthesizer or other line-level instruments.
9
)
3
!
switch (high pass filter)
This switch toggles the high pass filter on or off.
When the switch is turned on (
), the high pass
filter cuts frequencies below 80 Hz of the signal from
the input jacks.
@
#
4 PHANTOM [+48V] switch
This switch toggles phantom power for condenser
microphones on and off. If you are connecting
condenser microphones to the XLR-type INPUT A
jacks on the rear panel, turn the switch on (
).
(The switch LED lights up.)
Each phantom switch turns the phantom power on and
off for four channels simultaneously. (Channels 1-4 and
channels 5-8 on the n12, and channels 1-4 on the n8).
$
^
&
NOTE
*
When the switch is turned on, phantom power DC
+48V will be supplied to Pin 2 and Pin 3 of the
corresponding XLR-type INPUT A jacks.
%
n12
Owner’s Manual
13
Front and Rear Panels
Caution
English
• Be sure to leave this switch off (
) if you do not need
phantom power.
• When turning the switch on (
), make sure that only
condenser microphones are connected to the INPUT A jacks.
Devices other than condenser microphones may be
damaged if they are connected to the phantom power supply.
Note, however, that the switch may be left on when you
connect balanced dynamic microphones.
• To avoid damage to your hearing or speakers, be sure to roll
off the volume level of the amplifier (or powered speakers)
before turning this switch on or off. Yamaha also
recommends that you turn all output controls, such as the
STEREO fader and [C-R PHONES LEVEL] control to
minimum settings before operating the switch.
5 [PHASE] switch
Turning this switch on (
) inverts the phase of the
signal from the input jacks.
For more information on the [PHASE] switch, refer to
“Tip for compensating for the phase offset” on
page 15.
6 [Hi-Z] switch
If you are connecting an electric guitar or electric
bass that has passive-type pickups and no built-in
preamp directly to the INPUT B jack of input channel
8 (on the n12) or input channel 4 (on the n8), turn
this switch on (
).
NOTE
Use an unbalanced cable when you connect an electric
guitar or bass and turn the [Hi-Z] switch on. If you use a
balanced cable, the mixer will not work correctly.
7 [INPUT SELECT] switch
This switch determines whether the input jack signal
(A.IN) or the DAW signal (the output from Cubase or
another DAW) will be routed to the input channels.
8 Compressor controls
These compressor controls enable you to operate the
compressor for each monaural input channel
(channels 1-4 on the n8, and channels 1-8 on the n12).
The following two controls are available for each
compressor: [MORPH] control and [DRIVE] control.
[MORPH] control
This control specifies the compressor setting. Knob
positions A-E correspond to different presets. You
can easily change the compressor setting by rotating
the control. Knob positions between alphabetical
settings will use an intermediate value taken from
between two corresponding preset values.
[DRIVE] control
This control specifies the amount of compression. As
you rotate the control clockwise, more compression
is applied. The output level changes automatically
as the amount of compression changes.
COMP LED
This LED lights up when the compressor is triggered.
NOTE
For more information on how to use the compressor,
please refer to page 28.
9 Equalizer (EQ)
This three-band equalizer adjusts the input channel’s
high, mid, and low frequency bands. You can also
adjust the center frequency for the mid band.
[HIGH] gain control
This control adjusts the high band gain.
[MID] frequency control
This control adjusts the mid band center frequency.
[MID] gain control
This control adjusts the mid band gain.
[LOW] gain control
This control adjusts the low band gain.
Setting each gain control knob to the “▼” position
produces a flat frequency response (no boost).
Turning the knob clockwise boosts the
corresponding frequency band, while turning
counter-clockwise attenuates the band.
To raise the mid band center frequency, turn the
[MID] frequency control clockwise. To lower the
center frequency, turn the [MID] frequency control
counter-clockwise. At the center position, the center
frequency is 1.0 kHz.
The following table shows the EQ type, center frequency,
and maximum cut/boost for each of the three bands.
Band
Type
Center Frequency
Maximum
Cut/Boost
HIGH
shelving
10 kHz
±18 dB
MID
peaking
100 Hz – 10 kHz
±18 dB
LOW
shelving
90 Hz
±18 dB
) [REVERB] control
This control adjusts the level of the input channel
signal sent to the internal digital reverb (i.e.,
determines how much reverb will be applied).
When you set the knob to the “▼” position, the input
channel signal at the nominal level (0 dB) will be
sent to the internal digital reverb.
! [AUX] control
This control adjusts the level of the input channel
signal sent to the AUX bus. Use this control when
you are sending a mix monitoring signal to the
musicians, or sending the signal to an external
device, such as an effects processor.
NOTE
When the Channel Control [WET] switch is on,
signals via a DAW will be directly routed to the AUX
bus (Monitor Remote function). Therefore, the [AUX]
control will be temporarily disabled while the [WET]
switch is turned on.
@ [PAN] and [BAL] controls
[PAN] control
This control determines the stereo position of the
monaural input channel. Rotate the knob clockwise to
pan the signal right, and counter-clockwise to pan left.
[BAL] control
This control determines the volume balance between
the left and right stereo channels. Odd channel
signals are fed to the L bus, and even channel
signals are fed to the R bus. For example, rotate the
[BAL] control all the way to right to output only the
even (right) channel signals.
14
Owner’s Manual
# [SOLO] switch
This switch turns the Solo function on and off. Turn
this switch on (the switch LED lights up), if you want
to listen to certain channels without changing the
mix contents or signal path.
NOTE
If you switch the monitor source by using the [C-R
SOURCE SELECT] switch (page 18), all channel
[SOLO] switches will be reset to off.
$ Channel [ON] switch
Switches each channel on and off. If you turn the
switch on, the channel signal will be sent to each
bus. When the switch is turned off (the switch
indicator turns off), the channel signal will be sent
only to the AUX bus.
NOTE
Direct output to a connected computer is always
available regardless of the channel [ON] switch
status.
Tip for compensating for the phase offset
When you are recording a single instrument using
multiple microphones, the position and the distance
between the instrument and microphones may cause
the phase of each recorded signal to be offset
against each other (out of phase). If you try to mix
such signals, the signals will interfere with each
other, resulting in a thin sound.
For example if you record the sound of a guitar
amplifier by placing microphones in front of and
behind it in order to capture the resonance of the
cabinet, the microphone placed behind the amplifier
will pick up a signal with an offset phase. In this
case, turn the [PHASE] switch (5) on to avoid the
phase offset and interference.
% Channel fader
English
Front and Rear Panels
The channel fader adjusts the input channel signal
level. The fader at the “0” position corresponds to
the nominal output level. This means that the prefader level and post-fader level are identical.
^ Input meter
The four LEDs indicate the input channel signal
level. When the input signal is clipping, the OVER
LED will light up.
Only
You can check the level of the post-fader
signal via the input meter by setting the [INPUT
METER] switch (page 17) in the Meter section to
“POST.”
& [WET] switch
The Monitor Remote function can be used to select
whether or not the input channel monitor signal will
be processed via software effects. If you turn this
switch on (the LED lights up) while Cubase and the
mixer are linked and operating together, you can
monitor a wet signal (an input signal that has been
processed via the VST or other effects).
NOTE
phase of mic
signal from
behind
phase
offset
phase of mic
signal from in
front
• While this switch is turned on, the [AUX] control
for the corresponding input channel will be
disabled.
• To use the Monitor Remote function, you must
turn on the MONITOR REMOTE [ON] switch
(page 19) (the switch LED will light up).
• This switch will work while the Cubase Direct
Monitoring function is turned off when both
devices Steinberg MR816 CSX/MR816 X and n8/
n12 are connected to a computer. You will not be
able to monitor the n8/n12 input signals while both
the Cubase Direct Monitoring function and the
[WET] switch are turned on.
* [REC] switch and [ST] switch
These switches route the signal to the specified
buses. Turn the [ST] switch on (the LED lights up) to
route the channel signal to the stereo L/R buses.
Turn the [REC] switch on to route the channel signal
to the REC (L/R) buses.
Owner’s Manual
15
Front and Rear Panels
Master Control section
and rotating it clockwise will extend the duration.
1
REVERB [LEVEL] control
This control adjusts the output level of the internal
digital reverb. The “▼” position corresponds to the
nominal level (0 dB).
English
[TO AUX]/[TO REC]/[TO ST] switches
These switches route the output signal from the internal
digital reverb to the AUX, REC, or STEREO buses. Turn
the desired switch on (
) to route the output from the
internal digital reverb to the desired buses.
2 2TR TO ST section
2
This section enables you to adjust the level of and
route the signal input from the 2TR IN jacks (page 20).
[LEVEL] control
Adjusts the level of the signal input from the 2TR IN jacks.
The “▼” position corresponds to the nominal level (0 dB).
3
4
5
6
[ON] switch
This switch determines whether the 2TR IN signal will be
sent to the STEREO buses. When the switch is turned on
(
), the 2TR IN signal is sent to the stereo buses.
3 DAW TO ST section
This section enables you to adjust the level of and
route the stereo signal transmitted from the DAW
(DAW IN 1/2).
[LEVEL] control
This control adjusts the level of the stereo DAW
signal to the STEREO buses. The knob set to the “▼”
position corresponds to the nominal level (0 dB).
[ON] switch
This switch determines whether the stereo output signal
from the DAW will be routed to the STEREO buses.
When the switch is turned on (
), the stereo output
from the DAW will be sent to the mixer’s STEREO buses.
NOTE
7
Only
If you turn on the C-R SOURCE SELECT
[5.1] switch, the DAW TO ST [ON] switch will be
disabled.
4 STEREO [BAL] control
This control adjusts the left and right volume balance
of the stereo channels (STEREO L/R).
5 [PFL] (Pre-Fader Listen) switch
1 Reverb section
This section enables you to set the type, output level,
and other settings for the internal digital reverb.
REVERB [TYPE] switch
This switch determines the type of internal digital reverb.
Each press of the switch cycles through different
effect types in this order: HALL → ROOM → PLATE.
HALL
Simulates reverberation in a concert hall.
ROOM
Simulates reverberation in a room.
PLATE
Simulates reverberation of a plate echo.
[REVERB TIME] control
This control adjusts the reverb time (duration of
reverberation) of the internal digital reverb. Rotating
the knob counter-clockwise will shorten the duration,
16
Owner’s Manual
If you want to monitor pre-fader input channel
signals when you are using the Solo function, turn
this switch on (
).
NOTE
Only
While this switch is turned on, if you also
turn the [SOLO] switch on, the monitor signal
volume may become very loud. In this case, use the
[SOLO LEVEL] control (page 17) to adjust the
monitoring volume level. The monitoring volume
level of the n8 is always attenuated by 12 dB.
6 STEREO [ON] switch
This switch turns on and off the signal output from
the ST OUT jacks. When the switch is on (
), the
signal is output from the ST OUT jacks.
7 STEREO fader
This fader adjusts the level of the signal output from
the ST OUT jacks. The “0” position corresponds to
the nominal output level (0 dB).
Front and Rear Panels
Meter section
n8
56 7
34 56
1
7
2
8
)
9
@
!
1 Microphone
2 [SOLO LEVEL] control
Only
This control adjusts the SOLO L/R bus output level. The
adjustable range is from –∞ to +6 dB. The “▼” position
corresponds to the nominal output level (0 dB).
3 [DAW TO AUX] control
This control adjusts the level of the signal routed
from the DAW AUX output (n12= DAW IN 15/16, n8=
DAW IN 11/12) to the AUX buses. The “▼” position
corresponds to the nominal output level (0 dB).
Only
Adjusts the AUX OUT signal level (page 21). The “▼”
position corresponds to the nominal output level (0 dB).
NOTE
8
9
)
9 CUBASE READY indicator
Only
This is a built-in talkback microphone.
4 [AUX LEVEL] control
3
English
n12
While you are using the Monitor Remote function
(page 33), signals that pass through the DAW will be
directly routed to the AUX bus.
5 AUX PHONES jack
This headphone connector outputs the AUX bus
signal. Use this connector to send a monitor signal
to the musicians. The output level at this jack can be
adjusted independently of the AUX OUT jacks.
6 [AUX PHONES] control
This control adjusts the output level at the AUX
PHONES jack. The “▼” position corresponds to the
nominal output level (0 dB).
7 C-R PHONES jack
This headphone jack outputs the control room
signal. The output level at this jack can be adjusted
independently from that of the C-R OUT jacks.
8 [C-R PHONES] control
This control adjusts the output level at the C-R
PHONES jack. The “▼” position corresponds to the
nominal output level (0 dB).
This indicator lights up when the mixer is ready to be
operated with Cubase 5/Cubase 4/Cubase Studio 5/
Cubase Studio 4/Cubase Essential 5/Cubase
Essential 4/Cubase AI 5/Cubase AI 4; that is, when
the computer is connected to the n8/n12 and
Cubase is linked to the mixer correctly.
) MASTER LEVEL METER
■ n12
This meter indicates the level of the STEREO/REC/AUX
bus signals, or the output level at the C-R OUT jack. To
switch the meter view, use the [METER SELECT] switch
(!). Depending on the setting of the [METER SELECT]
switch, the meter indication will change as follows:
[METER
SELECT]
switch
Meter A
Meter B
Meter C
C-R*
C-R OUT
jacks A
(L/R)
C-R OUT
jacks B
(C/SW)
C-R OUT
jacks C
(LS/RS)
BUS
STEREO
bus
REC bus
AUX bus
* Surround channels are indicated in parentheses.
■ n8
This meter indicates the output level at the C-R OUT
jacks.
! [METER SELECT] switch
Only
This switch determines which signal will be indicated
via the MASTER LEVEL METER. Pressing the switch
will toggle between C-R (C-R OUT jacks) and BUS
(STEREO/REC/AUX bus).
@ [INPUT METER] switch
Only
This switch selects the signal whose level is
indicated on the input meter (page 15) in the
Channel Control section. Pressing the switch
repeatedly toggles between PRE (pre-fader) and
POST (post-fader).
Owner’s Manual
17
Front and Rear Panels
Control Room section
n12
n8
1
2
3
3
7
4
English
6
4
6
5
8
5
1 C-R SPEAKER SELECT switches
Only
These switches select the jacks that will output the
control room monitor signal. When you turn on one of
the switches, the LED lights up, and the
corresponding jacks output the monitoring signal.
Switch
Output jacks
C-R SPEAKER SELECT [A]
switch
C-R OUT jacks A (L/R)
C-R SPEAKER SELECT [B]
switch
C-R OUT jacks B (L/R)
C-R SPEAKER SELECT [C]
switch
C-R OUT jacks C (L/R)
NOTE
While the C-R SOURCE SELECT (3) [5.1] switch is
turned on, you can use these switches to individually
turn the surround channels on and off. For more
information, please refer to page 47.
2 [DOWN MIX] switch
Only
This switch converts 5.1-ch surround signals (input
from the DAW) into 2-ch L/R signals. While the
switch is on, converted 2-ch signals are output from
the C-R OUT jacks A.
NOTE
• In order to monitor in a surround environment, you will
need a surround-capable application such as Cubase 5.
The included Cubase AI does not support surround.
• This switch is effective only while the C-R
SOURCE SELECT [5.1] switch is turned on.
3 C-R SOURCE SELECT switches
These switches enable you to select a monitoring source
(the signal output from the C-R OUT jacks). The
following switches and monitoring sources are available:
[5.1] switch
Only
18
NOTE
Enables you to monitor the 5.1-ch surround
signal input from the DAW. (page 46)
[DAW]
switch
Enables you to monitor the DAW stereo
signal (DAW IN 1/2).
[ST] switch
Enables you to monitor the STEREO
bus signal.
[AUX]
switch
Enables you to monitor the AUX bus
signal.
[2TR]
switch
Enables you to monitor only the input
signal at the 2TR IN jacks.
Owner’s Manual
•
Only
In order to monitor in a surround
environment, you will need Cubase 5. The
included Cubase AI does not support surround.
• You can turn on the [5.1] switch and [ST] switch
simultaneously. In this case, the 5.1-ch L/R signal
and STEREO bus L/R channel signals will be
mixed and output.
4 [DIMMER] switch
This switch turns on and off the Dimmer function that
temporarily lowers the monitoring volume. For
example, this can be convenient when you want to
have a conversation in the control room.
5 [MUTE] switch
This switch turns on and off the Mute function that
mutes the monitoring signal. Repeatedly pressing
the switch toggles between on (the switch will light
up) and off (the switch will turn off).
6 [CONTROL ROOM LEVEL] control
This control adjusts the monitoring volume in the
control room. Turning the knob clockwise will
increase the volume level.
7 TALKBACK [LEVEL] control
Only
This control adjusts the input level of the built-in
microphone. The “▼” position corresponds to the
nominal level (0 dB).
8 [TALKBACK] switch
Only
While this switch is being pressed, you can
communicate with the musicians (Talkback function).
When the Talkback function is turned on, the switch LED
will flash and the Dimmer function ( 4) will be enabled.
NOTE
The talkback signal will be sent to the AUX outputs
(AUX PHONES jack and AUX OUT jacks).
Front and Rear Panels
DAW Remote Control section
n12
n8
1
1
4
5
2
3
7
7
All switches in this section are enabled only when
the n8/n12 is connected to the computer via an
IEEE1394 cable and the mixer’s operation is linked
to Cubase 5/Cubase 4/Cubase Studio 5/Cubase
Studio 4/Cubase Essential 5/Cubase Essential 4/
Cubase AI 5/Cubase AI 4. For more information on
the Cubase Link function, please refer to page 33.
1 WORK MODE switches
These switches enable you to change the connection
status between the n8/n12 and Cubase all at once. The
following connection settings (Work modes) can be
selected depending on your needs. Pressing each
switch changes I/O settings and bus assignments.
ST MIX
Enables you to monitor on the n8/n12 the
stereo signal mixed in the Cubase mixer
and output from the DAW.
HARDWARE
MIX
Enables you to output Cubase audio
tracks individually to the n8/n12, then mix
them on the n8/n12.
5.1 MIX
Only
NOTE
Enables you to create a 5.1-ch
surround mix in Cubase 5/Cubase 4.
For information on operations in each Work mode,
please refer to page 36.
2 MONITOR REMOTE [ON] switch
This switch turns on and off the Monitor Remote
function that enables you to process the input
channel and REC bus signals via the VST effects and
monitor them. When the switch is turned on (the
switch will light up), the input channel [WET] switches
(page 15), the MONITOR REMOTE [REC BUS WET]
switch (3), and other switches become available.
3 MONITOR REMOTE [REC BUS WET] switch
This button determines how to monitor the signals
that is being recorded via the REC bus with the
Monitor Remote function (page 33). When this switch
is on, you can monitor the REC bus signals that have
been processed within Cubase by VST effects, etc.
NOTE
English
6
6
NOTE
4
5
2
3
• To use the Monitor Remote function, turn on the
MONITOR REMOTE [ON] switch (2) (the switch
LED will light up).
• To monitor an effect signal that has been
processed by the VST effects, you must turn on
the Record Enable button for the destination audio
track in Cubase.
4 CLICK REMOTE [ON] switch
This switch remotely turns on and off the metronome
(click sound) in Cubase. If you turn the metronome
ON in Cubase, this switch will reflect the setting.
5 [CLICK LEVEL] control
This control adjusts the volume level of the Cubase
metronome (click sound). Turning the knob
clockwise will raise the volume, and turning the knob
counter-clockwise will lower the volume.
6 TRACK CONTROL switches
These switches remotely control Cubase tracks.
Each switch features the following function:
[PREV ▲]
switch
Selects the previous track (the track
one above in the track list) in Cubase.
[NEXT ▼]
switch
Selects the next track (the track one
below in the track list) in Cubase.
[REC READY]
switch
Turns on and off the Record Enable
button for the track selected in Cubase.
7 TRANSPORT switches
These switches remotely control the transport section
in Cubase. Each switch has the following function:
[CYCLE] switch
Turns Cycle mode on and off.
[
Moves the current position to the
previous marker (or the beginning of
the project if there is no marker in the
backward direction).
] switch
[ADD] switch
Adds a marker at the current
position.
[
Moves the current position to the
next marker.
] switch
[
] switch
Rewind
[
] switch
Fast forward
[■] switch
Stops the project playback.
[
Plays the project.
] switch
[REC] switch
Records the track(s) whose
Record Enable button is on
Owner’s Manual
19
Front and Rear Panels
Rear I/O section
n12
English
9
!@
n8
9
8
7
8
)
4
6
5
)
4
! @
6
3
2
3
5
1
2
1 ANALOG INPUT jacks (monaural)
3 ANALOG INPUT jacks (stereo)
These monaural channel input jacks are used to connect
microphones or musical instruments. Each input channel
features two types of jacks (INPUT A and INPUT B).
These are stereo input jacks that connect line-level
instruments, such as a synthesizer. Two jack types
are provided: phone type and RCA pin type.
INPUT A jacks
These are balanced XLR-type input jacks.
Phone type
These are unbalanced stereo input jacks.
INPUT B jacks
These are balanced TRS phone-type input jacks that
also support unbalanced connections.
RCA pin type
These are unbalanced stereo input jacks.
Connect odd channels to the L jacks, and even
channels to the R jacks. If you connect only odd
channels to the phone-type jacks, the same signals
will be fed to the even channels, resulting in
monaural inputs.
NOTE
You may use either of these jacks, but you may not
use both at the same time. If you connect cables to
both jacks, INPUT B jack will take priority.
2 INSERT I/O jacks
These phone-type unbalanced I/O jacks are
positioned immediately before the A/D converter.
You can connect your effects processor or other
devices directly to these input channels.
NOTE
These are TRS phone jacks that support bidirectional
operation. Connection to an INSERT I/O jack
requires a special insertion cable as illustrated below.
Use a separately-sold Yamaha insertion cable
(YIC025/050/070).
To the input jack of the
external processor
To the INSERT I/O jack
sleeve
tip
sleeve
ring
tip
20
1
Owner’s Manual
To the output jack of
the external processor
NOTE
If you connect cables to both phone type and RCA
pin type jacks, signals are mixed before the [GAIN]
control, then input to the corresponding channel.
4 2TR IN jacks
Use these unbalanced RCA pin jacks to input a
stereo sound source.
Use these jacks when you want to connect a CD or
other music source to the n8/n12 for monitoring.
You can adjust the level of signals input via these
jacks using the [2TR TO ST] control (page 16) in the
Master Control section.
Front and Rear Panels
These stereo jacks output the mixed signal, and are
suitable for use as the main output for a small
concert or other event. The signal level is adjusted
via the STEREO fader, then the signal is output from
these jacks. You can use these jacks, for example,
to send the stereo mix to the master recorder, or to
connect to the power amplifier driving your main
speakers.
These jacks feature two types: phone type and RCA
pin type, and the same signal will be output from
either type of jack.
Phone type
These are stereo output jacks that support both
balanced and unbalanced signals.
RCA pin type
These are unbalanced stereo output jacks.
6 C-R OUT jacks
These are stereo output jacks that support both
balanced and unbalanced phone-type connections
for the Control Room monitor.
The signal level is adjusted in the Control Room
section (page 18) before it is output.
Only
The signal monitored by these jacks is
selected via the C-R SPEAKER SELECT switches
(page 18).
7 AUX OUT jacks
Only
These stereo jacks output AUX bus signals. They
support both balanced and unbalanced phone-type
connections. You can use these jacks, for example,
to connect musicians’ monitor speakers, or to send
the input channel signal to a connected external
device, such as an effects processor.
The output level at these jacks can be adjusted via the
[AUX LEVEL] control (page 17) in the Meter section.
8 MIDI IN/OUT jacks
These jacks are used to connect external MIDI devices,
such as a synthesizer, via MIDI cables. If you are
connecting the n8/n12 to a computer via an IEEE 1394
cable, these jacks serve as a MIDI interface that
connects the computer to external MIDI devices.
Caution
Be sure to connect the IEEE1394 cable plug to the DAW I/O
jack in the correct orientation.
Plug in the jack in the correct orientation.
NOTE
• Use an IEEE 1394 cable that meets the S400
standard. Yamaha recommends that you use an
IEEE 1394 cable with a length of 4.5 meters or
less.
• Connect your IEEE 1394 cables so that they do
not create a loop. For more about loop
connections, refer to page 53.
English
5 ST OUT jacks
) FOOT SW jack
Connect an optional foot switch (such as Yamaha
FC4 or FC5) to this jack. In this way, you can control
the transport functions of Cubase 5/Cubase 4/
Cubase Studio 5/Cubase Studio 4/Cubase Essential
5/Cubase Essential 4/Cubase AI 5/Cubase AI 4
using your foot. By default, the foot switch will
operate as the Mackie Control “USER SWITCH (A).”
If necessary, you can make settings within your
DAW to change the assignment.
With the default settings in Cubase, this will perform
the same operation as the [REC] button.
! POWER switch
This switch sets mixer power to ON or STANDBY.
Caution
Note that a small amount of current continues to flow while the
switch is in the STANDBY position. If you do not plan to use the
mixer for a long period of time, please be sure to unplug the
adaptor from the wall outlet.
@ AC INPUT jack
Connect a power adaptor here (refer to page 8).
9 DAW I/O jacks
These 6-pin IEEE 1394 (S400) jacks are used to
connect a computer to the mixer via a IEEE 1394 cable.
Both jacks feature the same functionality. You can
use one of them to connect a computer, and the
other connector to connect daisy-chained devices.
If your computer has a 4-pin IEEE 1394 jack, use a
4-pin to 6-pin type IEEE 1394 cable that meets the
S400 specifications.
Owner’s Manual
21
Setting Up the Mixer
Setting Up the Mixer
Setup Procedure
1. Before connecting microphones and other
NOTE
English
instruments to the mixer, make sure that the
power to all devices is turned off. Also, make
sure that all of the mixer’s channel faders and
master control faders are set all the way down.
You cannot use both INPUT A and INPUT B jacks for each
input channel. If you connect cables to both jacks, INPUT B
will be used and INPUT A will be disabled.
3. To avoid loud pop noises and possible damage
2. For each channel connection, connect one end of
the cable to the relevant microphone or instrument
and securely connect the other end to the
appropriate input jack on the mixer.
to your speakers, turn on the power to the
devices in the following order: peripheral devices
→ n8/n12 → power amps (or powered speakers).
Turn off the power to the devices in the reverse
order: power amps (powered speakers) → n8/n12
→ peripheral devices).
n12 Setup Example (Home recording)
microphones
MIDI cable
sound source
(CD, MD, DAT, etc.)
guitar, bass
(Hi-Z)
guitar, bass
effects unit
(DI)
IEEE 1394 cable
MIDI cable
synthesizer,
rhythm machine
external effects unit
external recorder
external effects unit
headphone
amplifier
player’s monitor
player’s headphones
control room
headphones
computer
22
Owner’s Manual
monitor system
Setting Up the Mixer
n8 Setup Example (Home recording)
microphones
guitar, bass
(Hi-Z)
effects unit
(DI)
external recorder
English
MIDI cable
guitar, bass
sound source
(CD, MD, DAT, etc.)
IEEE 1394 cable
MIDI cable
synthesizer,
rhythm machine
external effects unit
player’s headphones
control room
headphones
computer
monitor system
Installing Monitor Speakers
The position of the monitor speakers is very important for accurate sound monitoring. Refer to the following tips before
you decide on a location and position for the monitor speakers.
■ Distance from the walls and
corners
■ Distance and angle from the
listening point
To monitor the sound accurately, locate the speakers far
from the walls and corners. As the speakers move
closer to the walls or corners, sound reflection from the
walls will emphasize the low range, reducing the quality
of the speaker response. (Ideally, keep a distance of
minimum 1.5 meters from the walls.) If you have no
other choice, adjust the frequency response for the
monitoring environment (such as equalizing the speaker
frequencies) or slightly cut the low range during the mix.
Place L and R channel speakers so that they and the
listening point will form an equilateral triangle. Position the
speakers so that the face of the speakers are pointing
toward the listening point. Keep an equal distance between
the speaker and the listening point for each speaker so that
the left and right monitor signals will be well-balanced.
Adjust the speaker height so that the tweeter will be at the
same height as your ears. In this way, you will be able to
hear higher ranges, which project at a narrow angle.
Owner’s Manual
23
A Hands-On Guide to the n8/n12
A Hands-On Guide to the n8/n12
Here are the basics for using your n8/n12 as a stand-alone mixer.
Let’s Hear It!
Nothing happens until you connect musical instruments,
microphones, other sound sources, and monitoring speakers
to the mixer and turn on the power to the mixer. So...
1. Make sure that the power to all devices is turned off,
then connect musical instruments, microphones,
and other sound sources to the mixer.
Refer to “Setup Procedure” on page 22 for more
information on connections.
If you are connecting an
electric guitar or electric
bass that has passive-type
pickups and does not have
a built-in preamp, connect
it to input channel 8 (on the
n12) or input channel 4 (on
the n8), and press the [HiZ] switch of that channel to
the on (
) position. If
you connect a guitar or
bass to other channels,
use a DI box (direct box) or
amp simulator between the
instrument and the mixer.
When you use
condenser microphones,
turn the corresponding
channel PHANTOM [48V]
switches on.
2. Set all faders on the mixer to minimum.
3. Turn on the power to all the devices in the
following order: connected instruments and
microphones → n12/n8 → monitor speakers.
Make sure that you turn on the power to the devices
starting with the input sources in the order of connection.
Otherwise, a rather loud noise may blow you away!
A good rule of thumb for recording via microphones is
to turn the high-pass filter on for microphone channels,
except in very special cases. As the name implies, a
“high-pass filter” cuts only those signals that fall below
a certain frequency. When an n12/n8 high-pass filter is
turned on, signals below 80 Hz (which are very low
frequency components) are cut. This can be useful for
minimizing low-frequency breath noise from a vocalist,
as well as noise caused by handling the microphone,
or rumble transmitted via the microphone stand.
Adjusting the gain
A gain control is used to mach the input’s sensitivity to the
signal from, for example, connected instruments or
microphones. The n12/n8 enables you to input two signal
types: analog signals from instruments or microphones
connected to the rear panel, and digital signals transferred
from Cubase or other DAWs. Here is how you select analog
signals as input sources and adjust the input sensitivity.
STEREO BUS L
STEREO BUS R
English
Connecting sound sources and
monitor devices
INPUT CHANNEL
INPUT
METER
DI
To send a
monitoring signal
exclusively to
the player,
connect a set of
headphones to
the AUX
PHONES jack.
Caution
• Make sure that the PHANTOM [48V] switch is turned off
(
) when phantom power is not required.
• Make sure that NO equipment other than phantom-powered
microphones is connected to the channel inputs when the
corresponding channels’ phantom power is on. Applying
phantom power to equipment other than phantom-powered
microphones can damage the equipment. The exception to this
rule is balanced dynamic microphones, which can safely be left
connected while phantom power is applied to the XLR inputs.
• When you switch phantom power on or off, a loud noise may be
output, which could result in speaker or hearing damage. To
avoid this, lower the level of your power amplifier (or powered
speakers) to minimum before switching phantom power on or
off. Also, set the STEREO faders, [PHONES LEVEL] control,
and other output level controls to the minimum levels.
24
Owner’s Manual
INPUT A
INPUT B
PAD HA
PRE
GAIN
DAW IN
PAN
CHANNEL
FADER
1. Set the [INPUT SELECT] switch of the input
channel that is connected to your musical
instrument to “A.IN.”
When the switch is set to “A.IN,” analog signals will
be input to the corresponding input channel.
NOTE
When the [INPUT SELECT] switch is set to “DAW,”
you can input signals from Cubase or another DAW
to the input channels. For more information, please
refer to page 43
A Hands-On Guide to the n8/n12
Setting up the monitoring
environment
Of course you need to hear what is going on, right? That
is called “monitoring.” You can monitor the input
channel signals through connected monitor speakers or
headphones.
The n12 also provides C-R SPEAKER SELECT switches
that let you select one output destination from multiple
monitor speakers.
ST OUT
SOLO
3. Turn the [PAD] switch on or off for each
monaural input channel, depending on the
connected instrument or microphone.
DAW
4. While playing the instrument or singing into the
microphone at the loudest expected level,
gradually rotate the corresponding [GAIN]
control clockwise without the input meter’s
OVER LED lighting up.
In order to record the sound with a wide dynamic
range and minimum noise, raise the input sensitivity
as high as possible without the input signal clipping.
C-R OUT B
Only
C-R OUT C
Only
CONTROL ROOM
1. Turn on the appropriate Control Room [C-R
SOURCE SELECT] switch corresponding to the
signals that you want to monitor.
The following signals are available as monitoring
sources in the control room:
Only
To achieve a clear sound with the least noise,
amplify the input to the desired average level as
early as possible in the signal path. That means that
you should amplify the input using the [GAIN] control
in the head amplifier as much as possible. But,
remember: too much initial gain is bad, because it
will cause clipping, and will distort the sound.
Amplify the signal to a level “just below clipping.”
C-R OUT(A)
C-R PHONES
[5.1] switch
NOTE
C-R
PHONES
C-R SPEAKER SELECT
If you are using the n8, the meters always display
pre fader signal levels.
C-R SOURCE SELECT
AUX
NOTE
CONTROL
ROOM
LEVEL
STEREO
STEREO
FADER
Only
PRE
English
switch in the Meter section to “PRE.”
You can select pre-fader signal level or post-fader
signal level for the input meters. (A “pre-fader”
signal is taken from a point before the channel fader.
A “post-fader” signal is taken from a point after the
channel fader.) As you might guess, the meters will
display pre-fader signal levels if you select “PRE,”
and post-fader signal levels if you select “POST.”
When you are adjusting the input sensitivity (gain),
keep your eyes on the pre-fader signal meters.
STEREO BUS L
STEREO BUS R
2. If you are using the n12, set the [INPUT METER]
Enables you to monitor a 5.1 channel
surround signal input from the DAW.
[DAW] switch
Enables you to monitor the DAW
stereo output (DAW IN 1 & 2).
[ST] switch
Enables you to monitor the stereo
bus signal.
[AUX] switch
Enables you to monitor the AUX bus
signal.
[2TR] switch
Enables you to monitor the input
signal from the 2TR IN jacks.
The C-R SOURCE SELECT switch indicators will tell
you which monitor source is currently selected. In
this example, press the [ST] switch to select the
stereo bus signal as a monitor source.
2. Turn the [CONTROL ROOM LEVEL] control or [CR PHONES] control to adjust the monitoring level.
You can adjust the level of each monitor individually. To
adjust the monitor speaker level, use the [CONTROL
ROOM LEVEL] control. To adjust the Control Room
headphone level, use the [C-R PHONES] control.
To avoid damages to your hearing ability and/or
speakers during monitoring, set the monitoring level
rather low, then re-adjust the level later to suit your
taste during mixing.
Owner’s Manual
25
A Hands-On Guide to the n8/n12
3. Players want to hear what is going on. Use the
Adjusting the volume level
Adjust the volume level while monitoring the input
channel signals.
1. Press the STEREO [ON] switch in the Master
Control section to turn it on, then raise the
STEREO fader to the “0 (0 dB)” marking on the
fader scale.
When the STEREO fader is set to the 0 (0 dB)
position, the stereo bus output signal is at its
nominal level (that is, the pre-fader and post-fader
signal are at the same level).
on
AUX BUS L
AUX BUS R
STEREO BUS L
STEREO BUS R
English
[AUX] control of the input channel that connects
the instrument or microphone to adjust the
output level to the AUX bus so that the
corresponding player or singer can hear their
part.
The AUX bus can be used in various ways. Two
common applications are 1) to create a monitor mix
that is separate from the main mix and that can be
used by players in a recording booth or on the
stage, and 2) to process the signal via an external
effect unit, such as reverb and delay.
On the n8/n12, a pre-fader signal is routed from
each input channel to the AUX bus. You can create
an independent monitor mix by setting each input
channel [AUX] control to a mix balance that is
different from the fader setting.
The AUX bus signal is output from the AUX PHONES
jacks (or the AUX PHONES jacks and AUX OUT
jacks on the n12). Rotate the level control of the
corresponding jacks to adjust the monitoring level.
To avoid damage to your hearing or speakers, set
the monitoring level rather low, then re-adjust the
level later to suit your taste during mixing.
CHANNEL
FADER
ST OUT
AUX
2. Press the input channel [ON] switch and [ST]
switch to turn them on.
AUX
PHONES
AUX PHONES
on
INPUT
CHANNEL
AUX
LEVEL
Only
AUX OUT
on
26
Owner’s Manual
A Hands-On Guide to the n8/n12
3. Adjust the volume level of the input channels to
English
which your instruments or microphones are
connected by moving the corresponding faders.
On the n12 if you set the Meter section’s [INPUT
METER] switch to POST, you will be able to use the
input meter of each channel to check the post-fader
signal level. If the C-R SOURCE SELECT [ST] switch
in the Control Room section is turned on, you can
monitor the STEREO bus signal in the Control Room.
If necessary, re-adjust the monitoring level by
rotating the [CONTROL ROOM LEVEL] control or the
[C-R PHONES] control.
STEREO BUS L
STEREO BUS R
POST
INPUT CHANNEL
INPUT
METER
INPUT
METER
PRE
POST
INPUT A
INPUT B
PAN
CHANNEL
FADER
Owner’s Manual
27
A Hands-On Guide to the n8/n12
Making Great Mixes
Manipulating compression
English
The n8/n12 features a high-quality compressor inherited
from Yamaha’s cutting-edge digital mixers, acclaimed
by engineers all over the world.
A compressor is an effect that restrains the peak levels of
an input signal while enhancing the overall loudness of the
signal. Today, compressors are used in virtually every
recording environment as an important effect that
significantly influences the character of the sound.
However, most compressors require specialized knowledge
and experience in order to obtain the optimal results.
The n8/n12 use newly-developed Sweet Spot Morphing
Technology to deliver professional-quality results with
easy operation. The compressors of the n8/n12 contain
preset settings (Sweet Spot data) that were created by
top-class engineers and can be used simply by adjusting
(morphing) the Sweet Spot Data according to your taste.
By accessing the Yamaha website, you can download
to your computer various types of Sweet Spot data
created by famous engineers. The downloaded Sweet
Spot data can then be replaced to the n8/n12 if it is
connected to the computer.
For more information on updating Sweet Spot data,
please refer to page 48.
NOTE
■ Which compressor setting
suits you?
A
Natural-sounding compression that makes the
sound smoother. We recommend that you use
a fairly low depth setting for the compressor.
B
Enriches the decay of the sound.
C
Emphasizes the attack of the sound. A good
choice for drums or guitar.
D
Slightly squashes the attack, making the attack
more consistent.
E
Squashes the sound to make the volume constant.
Depending on the input signal, the sound may
distort. When applied to drums, this can produce a
sound that is typical of British rock of the 60’s.
■ Want to tweak the compression?
Use the [DRIVE] control to adjust the degree of compression.
As you rotate the control clockwise, additional compression
is applied, and the output level is automatically adjusted
according to the degree of compression. You do not need
to be a high-tech wizard to control this compressor!
At a setting of “0,” no compression is applied.
When an input signal level exceeds a specified level
and the compressor is triggered, the corresponding
input channel [COMP] LED lights up. While listening
carefully, adjust the sound to your taste.
Rotate the compressor’s [MORPH] control to select one
of the Sweet Spot settings. These Sweet Spot settings
(A-E) contain different compressor presets (Sweet Spot
data) created by famous sound engineers. Select one
and the corresponding preset data will be recalled.
Sweet Spot C
Sweet Spot D
Sweet Spot A
Sweet Spot E
How a compressor works
If you set the [MORPH] control to a position between two
Sweet Spot settings, the compressor will use data from
between those settings. For example, if you set the control
to halfway between Sweet Spots A and B, the compressor
will apply the values that correspond to exactly halfway
between the values for Sweet Spots A and B. As you
rotate the control toward the Sweet Spot B position, the
values will become closer to those of Sweet Spot B.
In this way, you can set the compressor on the n8/n12
more intuitively using Sweet Spot data.
C
B
D
B
A
C
C
D
A
E
A
A/B=50%
A=100%
D
B
A
E
B
C
A
C
B/C=50%
B=100%
D
B
E
C
A
D
C/D=50%
C=100%
D
B
E
E
Owner’s Manual
input signal
compressed level
threshold
E
D/E=50%
D=100%
E=100%
When shipped from the factory, Sweet Spots A-E use
the following settings:
28
A compressor suppresses the input signal peaks and
raises the overall sound pressure level to increase the
body of the sound. When an input signal level exceeds
a specified threshold, the compressor is triggered and
compresses the signal.
When the signal level falls below the threshold,
compression is removed.
How quickly the signal level changes after the
compressor is triggered or removed depends on the
compressor’s setting. For example, if you select a
setting with a slow response, the level will change
gradually and more naturally. If you select a setting
with a quick response, the level will change quickly.
LEVEL
Sweet Spot B
compressor triggered
TIME
compressor removed
A Hands-On Guide to the n8/n12
Each input channel features a three-band (high/mid/low)
equalizer.
An equalizer boosts (amplifies) or cuts (attenuates)
certain frequency ranges to shape the tone. It can be
used to modify the tone to suit the acoustic
characteristics of a room, to make creative sounds, or
for many other purposes.
One particularly important application of EQ is to give
the overall sound better definition by eliminating
interference between instruments’ frequency ranges in a
mix. Remember: less is more. Modest use of
equalization will lead to a great, natural sounding mix.
SIGNAL LEVEL (dB)
MID boost
(amplify)
■ Adjusting the mid-band
center frequency
The mid-band equalizer enables you to adjust the
center frequency at which the sound will be boosted or
cut. This is useful when you want to adjust the boost/cut
frequency ranges to accommodate a snare drum pitch
or vocal tone.
To adjust this center frequency, use the [MID]
frequency control. As you rotate the control clockwise,
the center frequency is raised, and as you rotate the
control counter-clockwise, the center frequency is
lowered. When the control is set to the “▼” position, the
center frequency will be 1.0 kHz.
MID flat
LOW boost
(amplify)
HIGH boost
(amplify)
LOW flat
HIGH flat
LOW cut
(attenuate)
HIGH cut
(attenuate)
English
Mastery of EQ
MID cut
(attenuate)
FREQUENCY RANGE (Hz)
■ Boosting or cutting certain
frequency ranges
To boost or cut certain frequency ranges of the input
signal, use the gain controls for equalizer. As you rotate
a control clockwise, the corresponding range will be
boosted, and as you rotate the control counterclockwise, the range will be cut. When the control is set
to the “▼” position, that frequency range will not be
boosted or cut (i.e., its response will be “flat”).
Before you adjust the center frequency, it is a good idea
to boost the mid-band signal with the [MID] gain control.
In this way, you can easily hear and verify the frequency
that you are selecting. When you finish adjusting the
frequency, re-adjust the [MID] gain control to your taste.
[MID] frequency control
boosted signal
100Hz
1.0kHz
10.0kHz
CENTER FREQUENCY (Hz)
Boosting the signal too much using the equalizer will
add gain to the signal, increasing noise and potentially
overloading the circuitry and distorting the sound. In this
case, step back and make sure that you have not
boosted too much with EQ (remember, less is more!),
and lower the gain if necessary.
Owner’s Manual
29
English
A Hands-On Guide to the n8/n12
Panning and balancing
Mixing into stereo
“Pan” is derived from “panorama” and is related to the
concept of a “stereo image.”
Panning creates the illusion of stereo space by changing
the relative levels of each track’s signal sent to the left and
right speakers. If a signal is sent to only the left speaker,
the sound will seem to come from the far left side of the
stereo sound field. Thus we feel as though the instrument is
being played on the left side. If a signal is sent at equal
levels to both left and right speakers, our ears will tell us
that the sound is located in the center of the stage. Not only
does the way you pan your individual channels determine
where the instruments seem to appear in the stereo sound
field, but it is also vital to give each instrument its own
“space” so that it does not conflict with other instruments.
Now it is time to “mix.” Adjust the volume balance
between the input channels and mix all channels into
the stereo bus.
The mixed signals will be output from the ST OUT jacks
and monitored through the Control Room section.
After you finish shaping the tone of each instrument, set
the stereo image for each channel and balance the
overall sound. Sometimes you may want to deliberately
pan sounds close together, or even right on top of each
other to emphasize their relationship. There are no hardand-fast rules. A good tip is to pan low-range instruments
and any parts that are very important to the song to the
center; meanwhile, pan other instruments left and right
as symmetrically as possible. Normally (but this is not a
rule) lead vocal, solo instruments, bass, bass drum, and
snare drums will be panned to the center.
■ Panning a monaural track
INPUT CHANNEL(MONO)
INPUT A
PAN
STEREO BUS L
STEREO BUS R
Pan a monaural input channel signal by turning the [PAN]
control. Rotating the control clockwise raises the ratio of
signal sent to the R bus. Rotating the control counterclockwise raises the ratio of signal sent to the L bus.
INPUT B
■ Adjusting the stereo track
balance
INPUT CHANNEL(STEREO)
BALANCE
STEREO BUS L
STEREO BUS R
Adjust the left and right volume balance of stereo
channels. The odd channel signal will be sent to the L
bus, and the even channel signal to the R bus.
L
R
NOTE
30
When you are using the n8/n12 as a live SR mixer, if
you pan the signals or set the stereo balance hard
left or hard right, the mix may not sound wellbalanced to an audience sitting close to the left or
right speakers. Use pan and balance with caution
because mixes will sound different in live SR
environments and recording environments.
Owner’s Manual
1. Lower all channel faders all the way down.
It is usually a good idea to start with all channel
faders off. It is also possible to start with all faders at
their nominal settings, but it is too easy to lose
perspective (balance) with this approach.
Start with all faders down, then bring them up one by
one to fill out the mix with each instrument. In this
way, you can easily create a well-balanced mix.
2. Make sure that the [ST] switch for the input
channels you plan to mix is turned on.
3. Set the STEREO fader to the 0 position, and make
sure that the STEREO [ON] switch is on.
4. Raise the input channel faders one by one.
Bring the fader of the most important channel up to
“0” (0 dB), then add the other instruments so that
you can build the mix around that part. This is a key
to a well-balanced mix.
5. Adjust the STEREO fader while keeping your
eyes on the MASTER LEVEL meter to avoid
overloading the input signals.
The output level of the stereo mix varies depending
on the input channel mix balance. To create a mix
with a wide dynamic range, bring up the STEREO
fader as high as possible without illuminating the
OVER LED of the MASTER LEVEL meter.
A Hands-On Guide to the n8/n12
INPUT CHANNEL
INPUT A
PAN
REVERB BUS L
REVERB BUS R
STEREO BUS L
STEREO BUS R
Using an effect unit, such as an internal digital reverb,
can “effectively” add polish to a stereo mix. In this
example, let’s use the internal digital reverb to apply
reverb to a stereo mix.
The internal digital reverb uses its dedicated reverb
bus. Send each input channel signal to the reverb bus
and adjust the reverb for each channel.
The mixed signal in the reverb bus is then routed to the
digital reverb. Digital reverb is then applied. You can
route the output from the digital reverb to the stereo bus
or other buses.
INPUT B
REVERB
The internal digital reverb provides the following
three reverb types:
HALL
Simulates reverberation of a concert hall.
ROOM
Simulates reverberation of a room.
PLATE
Simulates reverberation of a plate echo.
2. Set the [TO AUX], [TO REC], and [TO ST]
switches on or off to determine the destination of
the digital reverb output.
You can select multiple destination buses. If the [TO
ST] switch is turned on, the digital reverb output
(return signal) will be routed to the stereo bus, thus
adding reverberation to the stereo mix.
If a monitoring signal is being sent to the players via
the AUX bus, turning only the [TO AUX] switch on will
apply reverb to only the monitoring signal, leaving
the stereo mix without reverb. For example, even if
you are recording a vocal without reverb, applying
reverb only to the monitoring signal may help the
vocalist to sing more easily or get into the “groove.”
In this way, changing the destination of the reverb
output enables very flexible recording.
English
Applying reverb
3. Rotate each input channel [REVERB] control
digital reverb
NOTE
This routing is called “send and return.” It allows one
effect to be shared by multiple channels. Typically,
send and return routing is used for reverb and other
ambient effects.
1. Press the REVERB [TYPE] switch in the Master
Control section repeatedly to select the desired
reverb type.
Select a type.
clockwise to adjust the digital reverb level (send
level).
You can adjust the digital reverb level using the
input channel [REVERB] controls. In this example,
raise this send level high enough so that you will be
able to listen to and check how much reverb has
been applied, then fine-adjust the level later.
4. Rotate the REVERB [LEVEL] control in the Master
Control section left or right to adjust the digital
reverb output level (return level).
Adjusting the digital reverb output level will adjust
how much reverb is applied to the entire sound.
A control set to the “▼” position indicates that the
output level is nominal (0 dB).
5. Rotate the REVERB [LEVEL TIME] control left or
right to adjust the digital reverb duration (reverb
time).
As you rotate the control counter-clockwise, the
digital reverb time gets shorter. As you rotate the
control clockwise, the reverb time gets longer.
Adjust the reverb time until you hear the
reverberation you desire.
6. If necessary, rotate each input channel [REVERB]
control to fine-adjust the amount of digital
reverb.
NOTE
Always be careful not to apply too much reverb. Too
much reverb can tip the mix balance or wash out the
mix and reduce the overall clarity of the stereo
image.
Owner’s Manual
31
A Hands-On Guide to the n8/n12
Soloing a channel
You can monitor only certain input channel signals. This
is called the Solo function.
This function is useful when you want to listen to the
performance or check the sound of only certain input
channel signals selected from the stereo mix.
The n8/n12 features a dedicated solo bus (L/R), through
which you can monitor pre-fader or post-fader input
channels.
CHANNEL
FADER
INPUT A
SOLO BUS
INPUT CHANNEL
STEREO BUS
English
■ Soloing a post-fader channel signal
Turn on the [SOLO] switch of the desired input channels
(the switch indicator(s) will light up).
You can turn on or off the switch for each channel
individually. For example, you can listen to certain parts,
such as only bass and drums, or vocal and piano, by
turning on the [SOLO] switch for multiple desired
channels.
When the [SOLO] switch is turned on, the monitor
source for the control room will switch to the solo bus
and the [C-R SOURCE SELECT] switch indicator will
flash.
ST OUT
INPUT B
C-R OUT
SOLO
ON
PFL
OFF
NOTE
The Solo function is effective on only the monitor
signal in the control room, and does not affect other
output signals (such as the stereo bus or AUX bus
output).
INPUT CHANNEL
INPUT A
SOLO BUS
STEREO BUS
■ Soloing a pre-fader signal
To solo a pre-fader channel signal, turn on the [PFL]
(Pre-Fader Listen) switch in the Master Control section,
then turn on the desired input channel [SOLO] switch.
This technique is useful when you want to monitor the
channel signal without raising the channel fader. If the
sound seems distorted, you can use this function to
check whether the signal is already distorted before it
passes through the fader.
SOLO
ON
ST OUT
INPUT B
C-R OUT
CHANNEL
FADER
CONTROL ROOM
32
Owner’s Manual
Monitoring a pre-fader signal may surprise you with its
volume level, which may be much higher than
expected. Check the monitoring level before you start to
monitor the pre-fader signal.
On the n12, you can use the [SOLO LEVEL] control in
the Meter section to adjust the output level of the solo
bus.
Using the n8/n12 with Cubase 5 series
Using the n8/n12 with Cubase 5 series
The n8/n12 features a special function that enables you to link the n8/n12 with Cubase.
Using this function, you can seamlessly synchronize mixer operation with Cubase, and record and mixdown with
tremendous efficiency. As an example, this section describes using Cubase 5 with the Link function.
You must have Cubase 5/Cubase 4/Cubase Studio 5/Cubase Studio 4/Cubase Essential 5/Cubase Essential 4/Cubase AI 5/
Cubase AI 4 to use the Link function. Cubase SX3 and Nuendo 3 (and any previous version) are not compatible with this
feature. For the most recent information on compatibility with the latest version of Nuendo, refer to the following website.
http://www.yamahasynth.com/
What you can do using the n8/n12 with Cubase
Linking the n8/n12 to Cubase enables you to perform many neat tricks. For example...
■ Controlling Cubase remotely
From the n8/n12 panel, you can remotely control the
Cubase transport section and set up audio tracks.
■ Directly recording mixer
signals to Cubase
You can record input channel signals or REC bus
signals from the n8/n12 directly into Cubase.
This direct recording capability is very easy and
convenient.
• Direct recording of input channel signals
■ Turning on and off VST or
other effects applied to the
monitor signal
From the n8/n12 panel, you can choose whether or
not you wish to monitor through the mixer the input
signals processed by VST effects in Cubase. This is
called the Monitor Remote function. You can easily
turn this function on or off depending on the
requirements of your recording environment.
While the Monitor Remote function is turned on, you
can monitor the input signals processed by the VST
effects.
Cubase
n8/n12
n8/n12
AUDIO TRACK
AUDIO TRACK
AUDIO TRACK
AUDIO TRACK
INPUT CHANNEL
INPUT CHANNEL
INPUT CHANNEL
INPUT CHANNEL
INPUT CHANNEL
off
on
• Direct recording of REC bus signals
INPUT CHANNEL
INPUT CHANNEL
INPUT CHANNEL
INPUT CHANNEL
VST effect
REC BUS
n8/n12
English
NOTE
AUDIO TRACK
Cubase
Cubase
AUDIO TRACK
■ Mixing Cubase tracks on the
n8/n12
You can add stereo signals from Cubase audio tracks
to the mix on the n8/n12, or route each Cubase audio
track to an individual input channel on the n8/n12.
Cubase
AUDIO TRACK
AUDIO TRACK
AUDIO TRACK
AUDIO TRACK
n8/n12
INPUT CHANNEL
INPUT CHANNEL
INPUT CHANNEL
INPUT CHANNEL
Owner’s Manual
33
Using the n8/n12 with Cubase 5 series
Computer setup for the Link function
Follow the steps below to set up your computer so that you can use the Link function.
NOTE
Before using the Cubase Link function, you must install special drivers and software, and then make initial settings. For more
information about installation procedures and initial settings for the dedicated software, please refer to the Installation Guide.
1. Start the computer.
2. Connect the n8/n12 to the computer using an
IEEE 1394 cable, then turn on the power to the
mixer.
• When changing the ASIO driver, a dialog box may
appear asking “Do you want to switch the ASIO
driver?”. Click [Switch].
5. Select [File] → [Preferences] to access the
Preferences dialog box.
3. Launch Cubase.
■ Windows:
Select [Start] → [All Programs] → [Steinberg Cubase
5] → [Cubase 5].
English
NOTE
■ Macintosh:
Double click [Applications] → [Cubase 5].
If the Yamaha Extension dialog box is displayed
while Cubase is starting, click [OK].
6. From [Editing], select [Project & Mixer], and in
the dialog box, make sure that “Sync Project and
Mixer Selection” is checked.
If this is not checked, click the check box so that a
check mark appears.
After you have verified this, click [OK] to close the
dialog box.
Verify that
this is checked
While Cubase is running, the n8/n12 can be linked to
Cubase. The CUBASE READY indicator lights up.
lit
NOTE
If the CUBASE READY indicator does not light up,
refer to the section related to the CUBASE READY
indicator in “Troubleshooting” on page 54.
Choose [Editing] →
[Project & Mixer]
4. Select [Devices] ➝ [Device Setup...] to call up the
Device Setup window. Select “VST Audio
System” in the Device column then confirm
whether or not “Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO”/
“Yamaha Steinberg FW” is selected from the
ASIO Driver column.
If it is selected, click [OK] to close the window. The
n8/n12 can now be linked to Cubase.
Confirm “Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO”/
“Yamaha Steinberg FW” is selected.
34
Owner’s Manual
NOTE
• If this is not checked, the TRACK CONTROL
switch of the DAW Remote Control section might
not operate correctly.
• This setting will be remembered the next time you
start up Cubase. There is no need to make the
setting each time.
Using the n8/n12 with Cubase 5 series
new project.
The Project Assistant panel opens.
Select the “Recording” category.
If you want to change the Sample Rate or routing of
the input/output bus, follow the instructions below.
■ To change the Sample Rate:
Select [Project] ➝ [Project Setup] to call up the
Project Setup dialog.
Sample Rate of
the project file
project templates for n8/n12
Two templates each are provided for the n8 and
n12. These templates contain audio I/O and other
preset data. You can start recording immediately
after opening one of these templates.
■ Yamaha n12 multi channel recording
■ Yamaha n8 multi channel recording
An individual input channel signal on the n8/n12 will be
directly routed to each audio track in Cubase.
English
7. Select New Project from the File menu to create a
After setting, click [OK] to close the dialog.
According to the setting made here, the Sample
Rate of the n8/n12 will be changed automatically.
■ To change the routing of the input/output bus:
Select [Devices] ➝ [VST Connections] to call up the
VST Connections window. From this window, you
can change the device port of the existing bus and
add the new bus.
■ Yamaha n12 stereo recording
■ Yamaha n8 stereo recording
The REC bus signals on the n8/n12 will be routed to the
Cubase audio tracks.
NOTE
• If an n8/n12 project template is not displayed, the
n Extension may not be installed correctly. Refer
to the “TOOLS for n Version2/Cubase AI
Installation Guide” for instructions on installing the
software again.
• For more information on the templates, please
refer to the Appendix.
8. Click the name of the template you wish to use,
then click [OK].
9. When the directory selection dialog box opens,
specify a folder in which you wish to store the
created project file and other audio files. Then
click [OK].
A project window based on the selected template
opens.
Owner’s Manual
35
Using the n8/n12 with Cubase 5 series
Using the Link Function
Remotely controlling the
Cubase transport section and
audio tracks
From the n8/n12, you can remotely control playback,
recording, and other Cubase transport operations, as
well as perform track operations such as selecting
tracks and operating the Record Enable button.
English
cycle mode on/off
locating a marker
Record Enable button on/off
adding markers
track selection
rewind
fast forward
stop
play
record
Remotely adjusting the click
sound (metronome)
You can turn the Cubase metronome (click sound) on or off,
and adjust the volume level directly from the n8/n12 panel.
Adjust the click volume here.
linked
■ Turning the metronome on and off
Press the CLICK REMOTE [ON] switch to turn it on (the
switch LED lights up).
Turning the metronome on or off on the n8/n12 will also
turn the Cubase metronome on or off, and vice versa.
For example, turning the Cubase metronome on will turn
the CLICK REMOTE [ON] switch on.
■ Adjusting the metronome volume
Rotate the [CLICK LEVEL] knob. As you turn the knob
clockwise, the volume of the metronome increases. If you
36
Owner’s Manual
rotate this knob, then change the level in Cubase, the
level of the n8/n12 metronome will change accordingly.
NOTE
If the metronome is not loud enough even after you
rotate the knob fully clockwise, in Cubase select
[Transport] → [Metronome Setup], then maximize the
level of the audio click (or the MIDI click velocity).
Selecting the Work mode
The n8/n12 enables you to select the output destination
of Cubase audio tracks using just one switch. This
destination setting is called “Work mode.” The n8
provides two Work mode options (ST MIX and
HARDWARE MIX), and the n12 provides three Work
mode options (ST MIX, HARDWARE MIX, 5.1 MIX).
You can change the Work mode setting at any time as
appropriate for your situation. For example, you can
select ST MIX for recording, then change to
HARDWARE MIX for mixdown.
To select a Work mode, use the WORK MODE switches
in the DAW Remote Control section.
ST MIX mode
5.1 MIX mode
Only
HARDWARE MIX mode
All WORK MODE switches turn off immediately after the
mixer is connected to Cubase. When you press one of
the switches to select a desired Work mode, the
corresponding output destination is selected in Cubase,
and the switch LED lights up. The following paragraphs
describe each Work mode.
Using the n8/n12 with Cubase 5 series
■ ST MIX
■ 5.1 MIX
In this Work mode, all audio tracks are mixed in
Cubase, then output to the n8/n12 DAW monitor
channels (n12: L&R, n8: L&R).
To monitor the Cubase signals, turn on the DAW TO ST
[ON] switch to add output signals from Cubase to the
mixer’s STEREO buses, then monitor the signals via the
STEREO buses. If you wish to monitor only the output
signals from Cubase, turn on the C-R SOURCE SELECT
[DAW] switch.
In this mode, audio tracks are routed to the Cubase
surround buses. The signals mixed to the surround
buses can be monitored via the n12 Control Room
monitor. For more information on surround monitoring,
refer to page 48.
AUDIO TRACK
AUDIO TRACK
MIX
AUDIO TRACK
AUDIO TRACK
n8/n12
INPUT
CHANNEL
• You cannot set Work mode to 5.1 MIX if you are
using Cubase Studio 5/Cubase Studio 4/Cubase
Essential 5/Cubase Essential 4/Cubase AI 5/
Cubase AI 4 since neither application supports the
surround environment.
• Before you switch Work modes, you must first
create I/O buses in Cubase so that audio data can
be transferred between Cubase and the n8/n12. If
you create a project using one of the n8/n12
project templates, the I/O buses will be created
automatically. If you plan to create I/O buses
manually, refer to the section “Bus connections of
n8/n12 and DAW” on page 60.
English
Cubase
NOTE
Only
STEREO
BUS
L R
DAW TO
ST
CONTROL ROOM
MONITOR
C-R
OUT
ST
OUT
■ HARDWARE MIX
Cubase
AUDIO TRACK
AUDIO TRACK
AUDIO TRACK
AUDIO TRACK
n8/n12
STEREO
BUS
In this Work mode, the output signal from each Cubase
audio track is individually input to each n8/n12 input
channel, then mixed and processed via the compressor
or equalizer.
When this mode is selected, signals from the DAW
(DAW inputs) will be sent to all the input channels, and
the DAW LED in the INPUT SELECT switch area will light
up.
INPUT CHANNEL
INPUT CHANNEL
INPUT CHANNEL
INPUT CHANNEL
C-R
OUT
ST
OUT
Owner’s Manual
37
Using the n8/n12 with Cubase 5 series
Setting up a musician’s monitor
English
If the Work mode on the n8/n12 is set to ST MIX,
Cubase audio tracks will be mixed in the Cubase
mixer, then output to the n8/n12. If necessary, you
can make another audio track mix independent from
the main mix (the mix output to the n8/n12). This
independent mix can be used as a musician’s
monitor.
To create a musician’s mix, transfer Cubase audio
track output directly to the n8/n12 AUX bus by using
the Cubase mixer send.
In the n8/n12 project templates, each audio track
send has already been assigned to the n8/n12 AUX
bus. By adjusting the send level for each audio track
in Cubase in the same way as when you create a
musician’s mix by using the n8/n12 [AUX] control,
you can create a musician’s mix.
To transfer signals to the n8/n12 AUX buses from
Cubase, “n12 (n8) AUX L/R” must be assigned to the
device (audio) port for the output buses (that are
assigned to the Cubase audio track sends). The
assignments in the n8/n12 project templates are as
follows:
Output bus
n12(n8)-AUX
Device (Audio) port
n12(n8) AUX L/R
You can adjust the volume of the entire monitoring
signal either in Cubase or on the n8/n12.
You can use the [DAW TO AUX] control and the
following controls to adjust the volume of the n8/
n12’s monitor signal.
For the n8
[AUX PHONES] control
For the n12
[AUX PHONES] control and [AUX LEVEL] control
NOTE
If you create a new audio track, or if you create a
project without using the n8/n12 project templates,
assign the n8/n12 AUX buses to the audio track
sends in Cubase.
Cubase
AUDIO TRACK
AUDIO TRACK
MIX
AUDIO TRACK
AUDIO TRACK
n8/n12
AUX BUS
L R
INPUT
CHANNEL
DAW TO
AUX
AUX
Only
AUX
PHONE
38
Owner’s Manual
If you are using Cubase 5/Cubase 4, disable
the Control Room function of Cubase.
Using the n8/n12 with Cubase 5 series
Let’s start our recording session!
This section will help you understand how to transfer the n8/n12 input channel signals to Cubase and record them on
the audio tracks.
You can do this in either of the following two ways:
Mixing signals on the n8/n12,
then recording
Turn this on (LED lights up).
INPUT
CHANNEL
INPUT
CHANNEL
REC BUS L
REC BUS R
n8/n12
STEREO BUS L
STEREO BUS R
English
The n8/n12 has a dedicated bus (REC bus) that can be
used to record the mixer signals to a DAW, such as
Cubase. Using this bus enables you to mix any input
channel signals on the n8/n12, then record them in
Cubase.
This example here uses the Monitor Remote function to
monitor the VST effect signals while recording signals
via the REC bus.
4. On Cubase, select the audio track on which you
Cubase
AUDIO
TRACK
AUDIO
TRACK
wish to record, and then select “n12 (n8)-REC” as
the input routing by clicking it.
The input source and output destination of the track
will be displayed in the Inspector located to the left of
the track list. You can select the input source for the
audio track by clicking an input routing option.
If you select “n12(n8)-REC,” the REC bus signals will
be input to the corresponding audio track.
AUDIO
TRACK
NOTE
If you select the “Yamaha n12 (n8) stereo recording”
project template, the REC bus will be automatically
selected as the input source for each audio track.
■ Preparing for recording
1. Press the INPUT SELECT [A.IN] switch to turn it
on (analog input).
While Cubase is linked to the mixer, you can select
the input source by using the INPUT SELECT
switches. While the INPUT SELECT [A. IN] switch is
turned on, analog input can be selected as the input
source. While the INPUT SELECT [DAW] is turned on,
Cubase (DAW) output signal can be selected as the
input source. Typically, you will select analog input
for recording, and select DAW when you wish to mix
the recorded signals in Cubase using the n8/n12.
input source of audio track
(Input Routing)
NOTE
• To select a track in Cubase, you can use the
[PREV ▲] and [NEXT ▼] switches in the DAW
Remote Control section on the n8/n12.
• If the track’s input/output routing is not displayed,
click the [Show Inspector] button.
2. Connect musical instruments and microphones
to the mixer’s input channels, then adjust the
gain and pan.
For details, see “A Hands-On Guide to the n8/n12”
on page 24 to 32.
3. Turn on the [REC] switches for the channels you
wish to record. (The switch LEDs light up.)
If you turn on the channel [REC] switches, the
corresponding input channel signals will be routed
to the REC bus. At this time, the pan and volume
balance of each input channel will be used.
Show Inspector
Owner’s Manual
39
Using the n8/n12 with Cubase 5 series
5. Make sure that the Record Enable button is on
English
(red) for the recording destination audio track in
Cubase. If it is off, press the [REC READY] switch
in the DAW Remote Control section to turn on the
Record Enable button.
The REC bus signals will be sent to the
corresponding audio track. If you want to record the
signals without any VST effect being applied,
proceed to Step 10.
If you wish to turn on the Record Enable button for
multiple tracks by using the [REC READY] switch,
make the following settings in Cubase.
(1) Open the [Preferences] dialog box by selecting
[File] → [Preferences] (for Windows), or by
selecting [Cubase] → [Preferences] (for Macintosh).
(2) Select [Project & Mixer] from the [Editing] menu.
(3) Remove the check from the “Enable Record on
Selected Track” check box in the dialog box.
(4) Click [OK] to close the dialog box.
9. Turn the DAW TO ST [ON] switch on (
).
While the Record Enable button and monitoring button
are turned on, the REC bus monitoring signal will be
returned to the n8/n12 via the Cubase mixer. When you
turn the DAW TO ST [ON] switch on, the monitoring
signal returned from Cubase will be routed to the
STEREO buses, enabling you to monitor the signal.
While you are using the Monitor Remote function, the
input channel signals being sent to the REC buses
will temporarily be disconnected from the STEREO
bus so that they will not be doubled in the monitor
sound; this allows you to monitor the signal that is
being routed through Cubase. While the Monitor
Remote function is active, the corresponding input
channel’s [ST] switches flash. If you deactivate the
Monitor Remote function, the [ST] switches stop
flashing.
n8/n12
STEREO REC
BUS BUS
L R
L R
INPUT
CHANNEL
Cubase
INPUT
CHANNEL
AUDIO TRACK
AUDIO TRACK
■ Setting the Monitor Remote
function
DAW TO
ST
If you wish to monitor the REC bus signals processed
by a VST effect, follow steps 6 to 9 below.
6. Make settings in Cubase to insert the VST effect
on the input bus or audio track.
7. Turn the MONITOR REMOTE [ON] switch on (the
switch LED lights up).
The Monitor Remote function is activated.
C-R OUT
To activate the Monitor Remote function, first turn the
Record Enable buttons on, then turn the MONITOR
REMOTE [ON] switch and [REC BUS WET] switch
on.
NOTE
8. Turn the MONITOR REMOTE [REC BUS WET]
switch on (the switch LED lights up).
Turning the MONITOR REMOTE [REC BUS WET]
switch on turns the Cubase monitoring button on as
well. When the both switches are on, you can
monitor the signal with the VST effect applied (the
“wet” sound).
• Processing the signals via the VST or other
effects may cause latency in the monitoring
signal.
• While the Monitor Remote function is active,
the effect signals will be directly routed to the
AUX output. Therefore, the [AUX] control for
the corresponding input channels will be
disabled. If you wish to adjust the monitoring
balance between the instruments, adjust the
level in Cubase.
■ Recording
10. Press the [REC] switch to start recording.
on
on
11. Play the instruments.
12. When you finish playing the instruments, press
the [■] switch to stop recording.
13. To review the recorded result, press the [
]
switch or [
] switch to return to the beginning
of the project, then press the [ ] switch.
monitoring
button
40
Owner’s Manual
Using the n8/n12 with Cubase 5 series
Each input channel signal can be output and recorded to
a Cubase audio track individually. This section will help
you understand how to record a signal from input channel
1 directly to a Cubase audio track while using the Monitor
Remote function to monitor the VST effect signals.
INPUT CHANNEL
audio track
INPUT A
COMP
NOTE
• To select a track in Cubase, you can use the
[PREV ▲] and [NEXT ▼] switches in the DAW
Remote Control section on the n8/n12.
• If the track’s input/output routing is not displayed,
click the [Show Inspector] button.
You can select the input source from the following
options:
■ n12
Input routing
Input source
n12-REC(Left/Right)
REC bus
n12-ST(Left/Right)
STEREO bus
n12-Dir1–n12-Dir8
Monaural input
channel direct output
n12-Dir9/10, n12-Dir11/12
(Left/Right)
Stereo input channel
direct output
EQ
INPUT B
Cubase
n8/n12
The pre-fader signal will be sent to the audio track.
When using this method of recording (n8/n12 input
channel signals directly to Cubase), the channel
fader and other channel controls will be disabled.
■ Preparing for recording
1. Press the INPUT SELECT [A.IN] switch to turn it
on (analog input).
2. Connect a musical instrument or a microphone to
the mixer’s input channel 1, then adjust the gain.
For details, see “A Hands-On Guide to the n8/n12”
on page 24 to 25.
3. Select an audio track on which you wish to
record the signal, then select “n12(n8)-Dir1” for
input routing by clicking it.
The input source and output destination of the track
will be displayed in the Inspector located to the left
of the track list.
If you select “n12(n8)-Dir1,” the channel 1 signal will
be input to the specified audio track.
* Options in parentheses can be selected only for
monaural tracks.
English
Recording n8/n12 input channel
signals directly to Cubase
■ n8
Input routing
Input source
n8-REC(Left/Right)
REC bus
n8-ST(Left/Right)
STEREO bus
n8-Dir1–n8-Dir4
Monaural input
channel direct output
n8-Dir5/6, n8-Dir7/8
(Left/Right)
Stereo input channel
direct output
* Options in parentheses can be selected only for
monaural tracks.
4. Press the [REC READY] switch in the DAW
Remote Control section; the Record Enable
button in Cubase will be turned on for the audio
track on which you are recording.
The REC bus signals will be sent to the specified
audio track. If you want to record the signals without
a VST effect being applied, proceed to Step 9.
input source of audio track
(Input Routing)
NOTE
If you select the “Yamaha n12 (n8) multi channel
recording” project template, the direct output from
the input channel will be automatically selected as
the input source for each Cubase audio track.
Owner’s Manual
41
Using the n8/n12 with Cubase 5 series
■ Setting the Monitor Remote
function
If you wish to apply a VST effect to the input channel 1
signal and monitor the effect signal, follow steps 5 to 7
below.
5. Insert the desired VST effect in the Cubase input
bus to which input channel 1 is being sent, or
insert it into the audio track.
6. Turn the MONITOR REMOTE [ON] switch on (the
English
switch LED lights up).
When the MONITOR REMOTE [ON] switch is on, the
Monitor Remote function is active.
7. Turn the input channel 1 [WET] switch on (the
LED will light).
Turning the Input Channel [WET] switch on turns the
Cubase monitoring button on as well. When the both
switches are on, you can monitor the signal with the
VST effect applied (the “wet” sound).
If the input channel signal had been routed to the
STEREO bus, the input channel signal being sent to
Cubase will temporarily be disconnected from the
STEREO bus so that it will not be doubled in the
monitor sound. While the signals are disconnected,
the corresponding input channel’s [ST] switches
flash. If you deactivate the Monitor Remote function,
the [ST] switches stop flashing.
To activate the Monitor Remote function, first turn the
Cubase Record Enable buttons on, then turn the
MONITOR REMOTE [ON] switch and the Input
Channel [WET] switches on.
NOTE
• If the [WET] switches for multiple input channels
have been turned on, turning off the MONITOR
REMOTE [ON] switch will turn off all channel
[WET] switches.
• Processing the signals with VST effects may
cause latency in the monitoring signal.
• While the monitor remote function is active, the
signal with the VST effect applied will be sent
directly to the AUX output. This means that the
[AUX] control of the corresponding input channel
will temporarily be disabled. If you want to adjust
the monitor balance, you can do so within
Cubase.
■ Recording
9. Press the [REC] switch to start recording.
10. Play the instrument.
monitoring button
11. When you finish playing the instrument, press
the [■] switch to stop recording.
8. Turn the DAW TO ST [ON] switch on (
).
While the Record Enable button and monitoring
button are turned on, the monitoring signal will be
returned to the n8/n12 via the Cubase mixer. When
you turn the DAW TO ST [ON] switch on, the
monitoring signal returned from Cubase will be
routed to the STEREO buses, enabling you to
monitor the signal.
If you wish to listen to the effect signal only in the
control room, turn on the C-R SOURCE SELECT
[DAW] switch to select DAW (Cubase) as the
monitoring source.
42
Owner’s Manual
12. To review the recording result, press the [
]
switch or [
] switch to return to the beginning
of the project, then press the [ ] switch.
Using the n8/n12 with Cubase 5 series
Mixing recorded tracks
You can easily monitor tracks recorded in Cubase by mixing them on Cubase and setting the n8/n12's C-R SOURCE
SELECT switch to DAW. If you wish to use the n8/n12's compressor and reverb, you can mix tracks using the n8/n12.
This section describes how to send recorded audio track data from Cubase to the n8/n12 input channels, and then mix
them to stereo.
■ n12
1. If the Monitor Remote function is active, turn the
Cubase track #
Track 1
n12-1
Track 2
n12-2
Track 3
n12-3
Track 4
n12-4
Track 5
n12-5
Track 6
n12-6
Track 7
n12-7
Track 8
n12-8
Track 9
n12-9/10
Track 10 and higher
n12-11/12
MONITOR REMOTE [ON] switch off to disable the
Monitor Remote function.
2. If any audio tracks’ Record Enable buttons are
on, turn these buttons off.
3. Set the STEREO fader to the “0” position, then
make sure that the STEREO [ON] switch is turned
on.
4. Turn on the [HARDWARE MIX] switch in the DAW
Remote Control section (the switch LED lights up).
When the switch is turned on, the input source for all
input channels is switched to DAW (Cubase audio
tracks).
Cubase
■ n8
AUDIO TRACK
Cubase track #
AUDIO TRACK
n8-1
Track 2
n8-2
Track 3
n8-3
Track 4
n8-4
Track 5
n8-5/6
Track 6 and higher
n8-7/8
PAN
A/D
COMP
EQ
NOTE
INPUT CHANNEL
n8/n12
Output to (n8 input channel)
Track 1
STEREO
BUS
INPUT CHANNEL
INPUT
Output to (n12 input channel)
English
Mixing audio tracks
While the Work mode is set to HARDWARE MIX,
you can select analog inputs (A. IN) as the input
source for the input channels. This is convenient if
you wish to add analog input signals to the mix.
5. If necessary, click the audio track output routing
When you set the Work mode to HARDWARE MIX,
the audio track outputs will be assigned to channels
in the order of their track number.
track numbers
menu, and change the output destination.
audio track output
destination
(Output Routing)
Owner’s Manual
43
Using the n8/n12 with Cubase 5 series
Use one of the following three methods to route
Cubase audio tracks to the n8/n12.
■ Assign each audio track to an input channel
individually
This method is useful when you want to mix a solo
part or other important parts.
English
Cubase
n8/n12
AUDIO TRACK
INPUT CHANNEL
AUDIO TRACK
INPUT CHANNEL
■ Assign multiple audio tracks to the same input
channel
In this case, multiple audio tracks will be mixed in
the Cubase mixer, then routed to the n8/n12 input
channel.
This method is useful when you want to first create a
mix from multiple tracks, such as drums recorded on
multiple tracks.
Cubase
n8/n12
AUDIO TRACK
INPUT CHANNEL
AUDIO TRACK
INPUT CHANNEL
Cubase
n8/n12
AUDIO TRACK
INPUT
CHANNEL
AUDIO TRACK
INPUT
CHANNEL
STEREO
BUS
■ Select the “n12 (n8)-L/R” output routing option,
then mixing signals via DAW TO ST.
If you turn the DAW TO ST [ON] switch on, you can
use DAW TO ST as the input channel.
DAW TO ST
on
6. Use the Cubase mixer control to adjust the
output level of the audio tracks.
■ If you are assigning each audio track to an input
channel individually:
In the Cubase mixer, set the fader (for the track you
wish to assign) to the “0.00” position. With this
setting, the signal will be routed to the input channel
at the nominal output level.
44
Owner’s Manual
■ If you are assigning multiple audio tracks to the
same input channel:
In the Cubase mixer, adjust the mix balance
between the tracks.
7. While playing back the Cubase project, control
the channel faders to adjust the mix balance.
If the signals are being mixed to the STEREO buses
via DAW TO ST, rotate the DAW TO ST [LEVEL]
control to adjust the signal level.
You can also apply the n8/n12 built-in digital reverb
to the audio track playback signal by turning on the
REVERB TO ST [ON] switch and rotating the channel
[REVERB] control.
Using the n8/n12 with Cubase 5 series
5. If the Cubase track outputs are routed to the n8/
Cubase
n8/n12
AUDIO TRACK
INPUT CHANNEL
AUDIO TRACK
INPUT CHANNEL
AUDIO TRACK
INPUT CHANNEL
AUDIO TRACK
INPUT CHANNEL
AUDIO TRACK
1. Select [Project] → [Add tracks] → [Audio].
n12 STEREO buses via DAW TO ST, turn off the
DAW TO ST [ON] switch.
If the DAW TO ST [ON] switch is on during mixdown,
an audio loop will be created, producing a very loud
noise. Be sure to turn off the DAW TO ST [ON]
switch before you start mixdown.
Cubase
n8/n12
AUDIO TRACK
INPUT CHANNEL
AUDIO TRACK
INPUT CHANNEL
AUDIO TRACK
INPUT CHANNEL
AUDIO TRACK
INPUT CHANNEL
AUDIO TRACK
AUDIO LOOP
English
Finally, mixdown time! Now you can record the
completed mix onto stereo tracks. This section explains
how to do so.
STEREO
BUS
Mixing down
The Add Audio Track dialog box opens.
6. Press the [
] switch or the [
locate the top of the project.
] switch to
7. Press the [REC] switch to start mixdown.
The project starts playing from the beginning, and
the signals being mixed on the n8/n12 in real time
will be recorded to the new stereo track.
2. Click the Configuration column to select
“stereo,” then click [OK].
mixdown tracks
A new stereo track is created.
3. Select the created stereo track, then turn the
Record Enable button on.
4. Click the input routing option to select “n12 (n8)ST.”
The STEREO bus signal of the n8/n12 will be input to
the new stereo track in Cubase.
8. When you have finished recording, press the [■]
switch to stop the playback.
9. To review the recording, click the solo state
button to turn it on, then use the [
] or [
]
switch to return to the beginning of the project,
then press the [ ] switch to listen to the
recording.
Owner’s Manual
45
Monitoring in a Surround Sound Environment (n12 only)
Monitoring in a Surround Sound Environment
(n12 only)
The n12 features a Surround Monitor function that enables you to easily monitor your 5.1-channel surround mix in
Cubase 5. This section describes how to use the Surround Monitor function.
English
NOTE
Cubase 5/Cubase 4 is required in order to use the surround monitor functionality. The included Cubase AI does not support
surround monitoring, and cannot use the surround monitor functionality.
Connecting surround
speakers
Placement of the
surround speakers
Connect each surround channel speaker to C-R OUT
jacks A-C.
Each jack is assigned to the following channel speaker:
Speaker position is extremely important to accurate
monitoring in a surround sound environment. Refer to
the description below to place your speakers.
C-R OUT jack A (L) .......L channel speaker
C-R OUT jack A (R) .......R channel speaker
C-R OUT jack B (L) .......Center channel speaker
C-R OUT jack B (R) .......Subwoofer
C-R OUT jack C (L) .......L surround channel speaker
C-R OUT jack C (R) .......R surround channel speaker
C
LS
R
(RIGHT)
46
Owner’s Manual
100–120˚
RS
LS/RS channel speakers
Place your LS & RS speakers so that they are in about
the 4 o’clock and 8 o’clock positions (100 - 120˚ angle
from the center.)
Center channel speaker
Determining where to place the center channel speaker
is easy. Simply place it between the L and R channel
speakers. If possible, place it slightly further away from
the listening position than the L and R channel
speakers. In other words, if you were to draw a line
between the L and R speakers, the center speaker
should be positioned a little beyond that line.
listening point
LS
(LEFT SURROUND)
30˚
L/R channel speakers
Place your L & R speakers so that they form an
equilateral triangle, with your listening position as the
third point. (All three sides should be the same length,
and all three interior angles should be 60˚).
SW
(SUBWOOFER)
C
(CENTER)
R
30˚
100–120˚
L
(LEFT)
SW
L
RS
(RIGHT SURROUND)
Subwoofer (LFE channel)
Place your subwoofer the same distance from the
listening position as the other speakers, and on the floor
between the L and R channel speakers. Since a
subwoofer typically features a wide projection angle,
shifting its position to the left or right will not affect the
sound you hear.
Monitoring in a Surround Sound Environment (n12 only)
1. Turn on the [5.1 MIX] switch in the DAW Remote
Control section (the switch LED lights up).
The n12 switches Work mode to 5.1-ch surround.
Cubase selects “n12-5.1” as the destination of its
audio tracks.
NOTE
For more information on surround mixing using
Cubase, please refer to the Cubase Owner’s Manual.
2. Turn on the [5.1] switch in the Control Room
section (the switch LED lights up).
5.1-ch Cubase signals will be adjusted by the Bass
Management function, then input to the Control
Room Monitor section, and output to the speakers.
You can adjust the monitoring level using the
[CONTROL ROOM LEVEL] control.
n12
L
R
C
LFE
LS
RS
Cubase
AUDIO
TRACK
C-R SOURCE
=5.1
AUDIO
TRACK
Bass Management function
In a surround sound system that includes a
subwoofer, the bass components of all channels and
the LFE channel signal are output to the subwoofer.
Bass Management is a function that makes
adjustments in order to prevent interference between
the signals sent to the subwoofer and the signals sent
to the other speakers.
While you are using the n12 Surround Monitor
function, the Bass Management function works as
illustrated in the diagram below.
L
(DAW IN 1)
HPF
L
R
(DAW IN 2)
HPF
R
C
(DAW IN 3)
HPF
C
LFE
(DAW IN 4)
LPF
LS
(DAW IN 5)
HPF
LS
RS
(DAW IN 6)
HPF
RS
SW
LPF
C-RSPEAKER SELECT
WORK MODE
=5.1 MIX
C-R SOURCE SELECT
5.1
BASS MANAGEMENT
SURROUND
PAN
B
C
signals, press the corresponding C-R SPEAKER
SELECT switches.
Pressing any C-R SPEAKER SELECT switch during
surround monitoring will mute the corresponding
surround channel. Pressing any C-R SPEAKER
SELECT repeatedly will cycle the corresponding
switch LED status as follows: lights up solid →
flashing fast → flashing slow → off. The following table
can help you select the channel you wish to mute.
Lit
L & R:
output
Flash
(fast)
Flash
(slow)
L: output
R: mute
L: mute
R: output
HPF=100Hz, -12dB/Oct
LPF=100Hz, -12dB/Oct
AMP=+10dB
A
3. If you wish to mute certain surround channel
C-R
SPEAKER
SELECT
[A] switch
AMP
English
Setting up surround monitoring
Off
L & R:
mute
Surround downmix
If necessary, you can monitor the sound in stereo by
mixing the surround signals into two channels during
surround monitoring. This is called a “surround
downmix.”
To downmix the signals during surround monitoring, turn
on the [DOWN MIX] switch in the Control Room section.
The LS, RS, C, and LFE channel signals will be split to L
and R channels, then output from the C-R OUT jack A.
Meanwhile, the level of these channel signals will be
automatically adjusted so that the monitoring level will
not change. Press the [DOWN MIX] switch again to
cancel the downmix and restore the surround signals.
L
(DAW IN 1)
DOWNMIX L
R
(DAW IN 2)
DOWNMIX R
C
(DAW IN 3)
LFE
(DAW IN 4)
C & SW:
output
C: output
SW: mute
C-R
SPEAKER
SELECT
[C] switch
Ls & Rs:
output
Ls: output Ls: mute Ls & Rs:
Rs: mute Rs: output mute
C: mute
SW: output
C & SW:
mute
4. To cancel surround monitoring, use the C-R
SOURCE SELECT switches to select any monitor
source other than 5.1 channel.
ATT
LS
(DAW IN 5)
RS
(DAW IN 6)
C-R
SPEAKER
SELECT
[B] switch
ATT
NOTE
ATT
ATT
ATT = –3 dB attenuator
• During surround monitoring, the C-R PHONES
jack always output downmix signals.
• You can turn on the [5.1] switch and the [ST]
switch in the Control Room section simultaneously.
In this way, you can mix together the surround L
and R channel signals and the L and R signals in
the STEREO buss, then output them to the monitor
speakers. If the DAW TO ST [ON] switch has been
turned on, turning on the [5.1] and [ST] switches
together at the same time will turn off the [ON]
switch (the switch LED flashes).
Owner’s Manual
47
Replacing the Sweet Spot Data
Replacing the Sweet Spot Data
English
You can replace the n8/n12’s compressor settings (Sweet Spot Data) by using a dedicated software application called
Sweet Spot Data Manager. This application contains several Sweet Spot Data sets and enables you to easily replace
(load) the data while the n8/n12 is operating. For example, you can apply compression using the preset data while
recording, and use other data while mixing.
Download the Sweet Spot Data Manager from the following URL.
http://www.yamahasynth.com/download/
Double-click the Sweet Spot Data Manager icon, and install the program as directed in the screen. For details on the
installation, refer to the installation guide included with the application.
Follow the steps below to load the Sweet Spot data on your n8/n12.
1. Make sure that the n8/n12 is connected to a
computer via an IEEE 1394 cable, and is
operating normally.
NOTE
• Before using the Sweet Spot Data Manager, make
sure that the n8/n12 is connected to a computer
correctly, and that the application software,
including the driver software, has been installed
correctly.
• To avoid malfunction, connect the n8/n12 to a
computer directly, without any other devices
connected to either machine.
3. In the Sweet Spot Data list, click the name of a
Sweet Spot Data set that you wish to load on the
n8/n12.
You can sort the list by No, Name, Author,
Description or Note by clicking the corresponding
column title.
No. column:
data number
Author column:
creator
Note column:
comment field
2. Start Sweet Spot Data Manager.
■ Windows:
From the Start menu, select [All Programs] → [Sweet
Spot Data Manager] to start the application.
Alternatively, double-click the Sweet Spot Data
Manager short-cut icon on the desktop.
■ Macintosh:
Double click [Applications] → [Yamaha] →
[SweetSpotDataManager] → [SSDManager] to start
the application.
When the application starts up, the following screen
will appear.
Name column:
Sweet Spot
Data name
NOTE
Sweet Spot Data list
Description column:
explanation of the data
You can enter comments in the Note column. For
example, if you enter a number in the Note column
for each data, you can sort the list by number by
clicking the column entitled Note.
4. To load the selected data on the n8/n12, click the
UPDATE button.
It takes only a few seconds to load the data. When
the load operation is complete, you can use the new
Sweet Spot data immediately.
NOTE
During the load operation, the n8/n12 output signals
will be muted.
To return the Sweet Spot data to the factory-set state,
select “0 Preset” in the Sweet Spot Data list and click
the UPDATE button.
UPDATE button
Current Data column
If the n8/n12 is connected to a computer correctly,
the UPDATE button will be highlighted in color. The
current, loaded data on the n8/n12 will be listed in
the Current Data column.
NOTE
48
If an error message is displayed, check that the
cable is correctly connected, and that the driver and
other required software is installed correctly. Then
restart the application.
Owner’s Manual
Using the n8/n12 with Software Other Than Cubase
Using the n8/n12 with Software Other Than
Cubase
You can use the n8/n12 with other DAWs in addition to Cubase, as well as multimedia applications such as Windows
Media Player. To do so, follow the procedure below:
NOTE
A dedicated driver (Yamaha Steinberg FW Driver) must already be installed and set up properly.
If you are using a typical DAW (other than Cubase), you
will be able to do the following.
• Input and output audio signals
• Input and output MIDI messages
• Use remote control to operate the DAW
NOTE
For information on setting up your DAW, refer to the
DAW owner’s manual.
Audio Driver Setup
■ Input and output audio signals
The signals from the n8/n12 can be recorded on the
audio tracks of your DAW, and the audio tracks’
playback signals can be mixed on the n8/n12. Select
“Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO”/“Yamaha Steinberg FW
WDM Audio” (for Windows) or “Yamaha Steinberg FW”
(for Macintosh) on the audio driver setup window for
your DAW software, then set the n8/n12 audio input/
output ports as follows.
● Logic Pro 8
DAW → n8/n12
n8
Output 1–Output 12
n12
n8
n8/n12 → DAW
Yamaha Steinberg FW
ASIO n12 Monitor
L-Yamaha Steinberg
FW ASIO n12 AUX L
Yamaha Steinberg FW
ASIO n12 Direct Out
1-Yamaha Steinberg FW
ASIO n12 ST Bus L
Yamaha Steinberg FW
ASIO n8 Monitor
L-Yamaha Steinberg
FW ASIO n8 AUX L
Yamaha Steinberg FW
ASIO n8 Direct Out
1-Yamaha Steinberg FW
ASIO n8 ST Bus L
DAW → n8/n12
n8/n12 → DAW
n12
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12
Monitor L 1-Yamaha
Steinberg FW:n12 AUX R 16
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12
Direct Out 1 1-Yamaha
Steinberg FW:n12 ST Bus R 16
n8
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n8
Monitor L 1-Yamaha
Steinberg FW:n8 AUX R 12
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n8
Direct Out 1 1-Yamaha
Steinberg FW:n8 ST Bus R 12
MIDI Driver Setup
NOTE
If you are using D.P.6, you will need to connect the
MIDI drivers to the MIDI input/output plugs of
external devices from the “Audio MIDI Setup”
window. Refer to page 50.
■ Input and output MIDI messages
DAW software displays the MIDI I/O connectors on the
rear panel of the n8/n12 as follows:
MIDI ports that correspond to the n8/n12 MIDI I/O
connectors
n12
n8
NOTE
n8/n12 → DAW
Yamaha Steinberg FW
WDM Audio 1/2Yamaha Steinberg FW
WDM Audio 5/6
Yamaha Steinberg FW
WDM Audio
Yamaha Steinberg FW
WDM Audio 1/2Yamaha Steinberg FW
WDM Audio 5/6
Yamaha Steinberg FW
WDM Audio
Input
n8 MIDI IN (n8) n12 MIDI IN
(n12)
Output
n8 MIDI IN (n8) n12 MIDI IN
(n12)
Input
MIDI IN
Output
MIDI OUT
Windows
● SONAR 8 (with WDM/KS driver)
DAW → n8/n12
Input 1–Input 12
● D.P.6
● SONAR 8 (with ASIO driver)
DAW → n8/n12
n8/n12 → DAW
English
Using the n8/n12 with a DAW other than Cubase
Macintosh
■ Remote control of the DAW
You can use the switches in the DAW Remote Control
section (as shown below) to remotely control DAWs
other than Cubase.
If you are using the WDM/KS driver, six channels can
be output and two channels can be input from your
DAW to the n8/n12.
rewind
fast forward
play
record
stop
● Logic Pro 8
DAW → n8/n12
n12
Output 1–Output 16
n8/n12 → DAW
Input 1–Input 16
NOTE
The Mackie Control “USER SWITCH (A)” function is
assigned to the foot switch. If you prefer, you can
assign another function to the foot switch from the
DAW.
Owner’s Manual
49
Using the n8/n12 with Software Other Than Cubase
To remotely control your DAW from the n8/n12, make
the following settings in the DAW:
Type of remote controller
Mackie Control
MIDI ports used for connecting the remote controller
Input
n8 Remote (n8) n12 Remote
(n12)
Output
n8 Remote (n8) n12 Remote
(n12)
Input
Remote
Output
Remote
English
Windows
Macintosh
NOTE
Logic Pro automatically recognizes it as the Mackie
Control settings when the n8/n12 is connected to
your computer.
For Digital Performer Users
To input and output the MIDI signals with D.P.6, you
will need to set the MIDI driver.
1. Select [Application] → [Utilities] → [Audio MIDI
Setup] to display the “Audio MIDI Setup”
window. On Mac OS X 10.6, then select
[Window] → [Show MIDI Window] to display
the “MIDI Studio” window.
The MIDI driver is shown as “n8” or “n12.”
2. Click [Add Device] twice to add two external
devices.
3. Connect the input/output plugs for the MIDI
driver to those for the new external devices.
NOTE
50
This setting may be unnecessary for the latest
version of your DAW software.
Owner’s Manual
Using the n8/n12 with Software Other Than Cubase
Using the n8/n12 along with a multimedia application
To use the n8/n12 with a multimedia player such as Windows Media Player or Quick Time Player, you must make the
following settings:
■ Windows:
■ Macintosh:
1. From the Start menu, select [Settings] → [Control
1. From the Apple menu, select [System
Panel] → [Sounds and Audio Devices]
The Sounds and Audio Devices dialog opens.
Preferences...] to display the “System
Preferences” window.
2. Click [Sound] on the window.
FW” in the “Choose a device for sound output”
field.
After you select “Yamaha Steinberg FW”, close the
window.
English
3. Click [Output], then select “Yamaha Steinberg
Click the Audio tab in the dialog, then select
“Yamaha Steinberg FW WDM Audio” as the Default
device for the Sound Playback column.
4. Select [Applications] → [Utilities] → [Audio MIDI
Setup] to display the “Audio MIDI Setup” window.
5. Click [Audio Devices] and check whether
“Yamaha Steinberg FW” is selected for “Default
Output:” and “Properties For:.”
Then, click [Configure Speakers].
NOTE
For Windows Vista/7, select [Start] → [Control
Panel] → [Sound] → [Playback] → [Line Out
Yamaha Steinberg FW WDM Audio], then click [Set
Default].
2. Click [Apply] to apply the settings, then click
[OK] to close the dialog.
3. Turn on the C-R SOURCE SELECT [DAW] switch
on the n8/n12, then adjust the monitoring level
for the control room.
Owner’s Manual
51
Using the n8/n12 with Software Other Than Cubase
6. Select [Stereo], then click [Apply].
After making the setting, click [Done] and close the
“Audio MIDI Setup” window.
■ Surround monitoring
Only
If your computer has software that is capable of 5.1
surround playback (such as a DVD player application),
you can monitor 5.1-ch surround signals by connecting
surround monitor speakers to the n12.
1. In the software you are using, select 5.1-ch
surround as audio output.
For more information on how to set up the software,
refer to the owner’s manual or on-line help for the
software application.
2. Turn on the C-R SOURCE SELECT [5.1] switch on
English
the n12 to adjust the monitoring level for the
control room.
7. Turn on the C-R SOURCE SELECT [DAW] switch
on the n8/n12, then adjust the monitoring level
for the control room.
NOTE
For more information on how to set up playback
software, such as Windows Media Player, refer to
the owner’s manual for the software or to its on-line
help.
NOTE
• For Windows XP, follow the procedure below.
1. From the Start menu, select [Settings] →
[Control Panel] → [Sounds and Audio Devices].
The Sounds and Audio Devices dialog opens.
2. Click the Audio tab in the dialog, then select
“Yamaha Steinberg FW WDM Audio” as the
default device in the Sound Playback column.
3. Click Advanced in the Sound Playback column
to display the Advanced Audio Properties.
4. Click the Speakers tab, then select “5.1
surround sound speakers.”
Click [OK] to close the dialog.
• If you are using Windows Media Player, you must
purchase a surround decode plug-in. For more
information regarding purchasing and setting the
decode plug-in, contact the manufacturer of the
software you are using.
52
Owner’s Manual
Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting
■ No sound is heard, or the sound is too faint.
• The cable that connects the mixer and the external
device may be damaged.
• Make sure that a signal from an external device or
the DAW is being sent to the n8/n12's input.
• The volume of all connected tone generators and
playback devices must be set to an appropriate level.
• The gain must be set to an appropriate level.
• If you are connecting a condenser microphone,
the Phantom [+48V] switch must be turned on.
• If you are connecting an electric guitar, make sure
that it is connected to an input jack that supports
Hi-Z, and that the [Hi-Z] switch is turned on.
• Make sure that the INSERT I/O connectors are
connected properly.
• Make sure that each channel [ON] switch is turned
on.
• Is the [ST] switch of each channel turned on
(assignment to the STEREO bus = enabled)?
• Each input channel fader must be raised to an
appropriate level.
• The [CONTROL ROOM LEVEL] knob and the [C-R
PHONES] knob must be set to an appropriate level.
• Make sure that the speakers or headphones are
connected correctly.
• Make sure that the power to your amplifier and
other external devices is turned on.
• Make sure that the volume between monitor
speakers is well-balanced.
■ Sound is distorted.
• The cable that connects the mixer and the external
device may be damaged.
• Make sure that audio was recorded at an
appropriate level.
• The gain must be set to an appropriate level.
• If high-level signals are being input, the
corresponding channel [PAD] switches must be
turned on.
• The [Drive] control for the compressor may be set
excessively high. Set the control to an appropriate
level.
• The EQ gain may be set excessively high. Set the
control to an appropriate level.
• The faders for an input channel, stereo input
channel, or stereo output channel may be raised
excessively. Set all faders to an appropriate level.
English
While using the mixer
■ Noise.
• There may be a noise-producing device (such as
a device containing a power inverter, etc.) near
the cables. Move all cables away from any
possible sources of noise.
■ Cannot use the built-in digital reverb.
• Be sure to adjust the input channel [REVERB]
control to send the signal to the built-in digital
reverb.
• Make sure that the output from the digital reverb is
appropriately assigned.
• The REVERB [LEVEL] control must not be set to
“0.”
While using the mixer with a computer
■ If an error message appears:
• Refer to the “Error Messages” on page 55.
■ No sound is heard, or the sound is too faint.
• The volume settings within your application must
be set to appropriate levels.
• Confirm whether or not the settings in Yamaha
Steinberg FW Driver are appropriate. For details,
refer to “Audio and MIDI signals fail to transfer
between computer and mixer.”
■ The sound is distorted.
• Make sure that audio was recorded at an
appropriate level.
■ Noise is heard in the computer audio
• The IEEE 1394 cable may be damaged. Cables
that do not satisfy IEEE1394 (S400) standards may
cause noise.
• There may be a noise-producing device (such as
a device containing a power inverter, etc.) near
the IEEE1394 cable. Move all cables away from
any possible sources of noise.
• Make sure that the appropriate number of devices
is connected to the computer. Connection of too
many devices may cause noise, depending on the
capacity of the computer.
• Make sure your computer satisfies the system
requirements.
• Make sure that the latency setting of the Yamaha
Steinberg FW Driver is appropriate.
• Make sure that the sampling frequency is
appropriate. A high sampling frequency may be
the cause of noise, depending on the computer’s
capacity and speed.
• If your computer’s hard disk is slow, problems
may occur during recording and playback.
• Try increasing the computer’s memory capacity.
Owner’s Manual
53
Troubleshooting
English
• Quit all applications that are running in the
background, when you use the n8/n12 with the
computer. If such software is running, driver
operation may become unstable and create noise.
If you do not plan to use the n8/n12, you can turn
these applications on again.
• (Windows) Some Intel mobile CPUs feature
SpeedStep™ technology. If you are using the n8/
n12 along with such a computer, disable the
SpeedStep™ technology function. Most
computers allow you to disable this in the BIOS.
For more information, refer to the owner’s manual
for the computer, or contact the manufacturer of
the computer.
• (Windows) Some network adaptors can cause
noise. In such a case, use the Device Manager to
disable the suspected network adaptor to remove
the noise.
■ The CUBASE READY indicator does not turn on. /
Cubase cannot be remotely controlled.
• Make sure that the n Extension software has been
installed properly.
• Make sure that the n8/n12 is connected to the
computer via an IEEE 1394 cable.
• You must use Cubase 5, Cubase 4, Cubase Studio
5, Cubase Studio 4, Cubase Essential 5, Cubase
Essential 4, Cubase AI 5, or Cubase AI 4. Cubase
SX3 and Cubase versions older than version 4 do
not support the Link function.
• From the Devices menu, select Device settings to
open the Cubase Device Settings panel, then
make sure that “Yamaha n 12 (n8)” has been
registered as a remote device. Also, make sure
that “n12 (n8) Remote” has been selected as the
MIDI I/O ports.
• (Macintosh) When an external MIDI device is
added to the device “n8” or “n12” in the Audio
MIDI Setup window (called up by selecting
[Application] → [Utilities]), the MIDI input/output
port for the remote device may not be set
automatically in Cubase. In this case, remove all
the external devices in the Audio MIDI Setup
window, or manually set the MIDI input/output port
for the remote device to the appropriate one in the
Device Setup window in Cubase.
■ The [WET] switch does not respond. / Cannot
monitor wet (effect) signals.
• Make sure that the CUBASE READY indicator is lit.
If it is not lit, refer to the section “The CUBASE
READY indicator does not turn on” above.
• Cubase projects must have an audio bus or track
to be monitored. Create a bus or track manually,
or use one of the n8/n12 project templates (see
page 35).
■ Pressing a WORK MODE switch does not change
the output destination of Cubase audio tracks.
• Make sure that the CUBASE READY indicator is lit.
If it is not lit, refer to the section “The CUBASE
READY indicator does not turn on” above.
• Cubase projects must have an audio bus or track
to be monitored. Create a bus or track manually,
or use an n8/n12 project template (see page 35).
54
Owner’s Manual
■ Cannot find a n8/n12 project template.
• Make sure that the n Extension software has been
installed.
■ The computer processing speed is too slow.
■ The computer’s CPU meter indicates a heavy
processing load.
■ Playback response is delayed.
■ Insufficient tracks for recording or playback.
• Make sure that the appropriate number of devices
is connected to the computer. Try reducing the
number of devices connected to the computer.
• Make sure that your computer satisfies the system
requirements.
• Try increasing the latency value of the Yamaha
Steinberg FW Driver.
• (Windows) Refer to “Hints when using audio data”
in the TOOLS for n Version2/Cubase AI Installation
Guide.
■ An application, such as a DAW, fails to recognize
the devices.
■ Audio and MIDI signals fail to transfer between
computer and mixer.
• Make sure that the IEEE 1394 cable is connected
properly, and that the power to the n8/n12 has
been turned on. Disconnect the IEEE1394 cable
once, then insert it again.
• There may be a loop connection. Check the
cabling to make sure that none of the devices are
connected in a loop.
Example of loop connection
computer
computer
n8/n12
n8/n12
: IEEE 1394-equipped device
• When multiple devices compatible with the
Yamaha Steinberg FW Driver are daisy-chain
connected, remember that up to three devices
can be connected if the Sample Rate is set to
44.1kHz/48kHz and up to two devices can be
connected if the Sample Rate is set to 88.2kHz/
96kHz. If more devices than this limit are
connected, remove unnecessary device(s) from
the daisy-chain connection.
• Confirm whether or not an audio device which is
not compatible with the Yamaha Steinberg FW
Driver has been connected. If so, remove the
corresponding device from the daisy-chain
connection.
• If any IEEE1394 devices which are not compatible
with Yamaha Steinberg FW Driver are connected
directly to a computer, disconnect them from the
computer and make sure to connect only an n8/
n12.
Troubleshooting
Steinberg FW Driver will be recognized by the
computer after restarting.
• (Windows) Confirm whether or not the n Driver, AI
Driver or mLAN Driver/mLAN Tools is installed to
the computer. If so, disable these drivers.
■ Unable to transfer MIDI data or Program Changes.
• Confirm whether or not the appropriate MIDI port
is selected in the application software (DAW, etc.).
• Make sure the transmission and receive channels
match between both the source device and
destination device including the DAW software.
• Confirm whether or not the MIDI settings have
been properly made in the connected devices
including the DAW.
• Confirm whether the power of all connected
devices has been are turned on or not.
■ Cannot use other connected Firewire devices
correctly.
• Disconnect the IEEE1394 device compatible with
the Yamaha Steinberg FW Driver from the
computer.
English
• There may be multiple IEEE1394 interfaces
installed on the computer and each of the multiple
IEEE1394 devices may be connected to different
interfaces. When using multiple devices
compatible with the Yamaha Steinberg FW Driver
and connecting them to the computer peer-topeer individually (i.e., star-connection), make sure
to connect them all to the jacks of a single
interface.
• Confirm whether or not “TOOS for n Version2” has
been installed correctly.
• (Windows XP) “Add New Hardware Wizard” may
not be completed correctly. If you have canceled
it, restart the computer so that “Add New
Hardware Wizard” appears.
• Restart the computer.
• (Macintosh) If the new IEEE1394 interface (PC
card, etc.) is connected to the computer (with the
power turned on), restart the computer. The
IEEE1394 device compatible with the Yamaha
Error Messages
Error message
Cause
Solution
Failed to initialize.
Initialization of Yamaha Steinberg FW Driver has
failed.
Restart the computer.
(Software name) (Version) is
installed. Yamaha Steinberg
FW Driver cannot work with
this version. Please update it
to V1.6.3 or later.
(Windows only)
The version of n Driver, AI Driver and mLAN
Driver/mLAN Tools installed to your computer may
not be compatible with the Yamaha Steinberg FW
Driver.
Uninstall the n Driver or AI Driver installed to your
computer. Update the mLAN Driver/mLAN Tools to
V1.6.3 or later.
Failed to open Control
Panel.
The Yamaha Steinberg FW Driver does not work
properly.
Try the following operations.
· Restart the computer.
· Uninstall then install TOOLS for n Version2
Failed to change driver
setting due to another
processing.
The settings on the Control Panel cannot be
accepted because another program is now
changing the settings of the Yamaha Steinberg
FW Driver.
Perform the settings again after a while.
Failed due to a cause other than the above.
Disconnect the IEEE1394 cable from the device
then connect again or turn off the power to that
device then turn on the power again. If the problem persists, restart the computer.
Insufficient memory space.
Exit all unnecessary applications and uninstall the
unnecessary drivers.
Failed to change driver
setting.
Owner’s Manual
55
Index
Index
Numerics
G
R
2TR IN ......................................... 20
2TR TO ST .................................. 16
5.1 ........................................ 18, 25
5.1 MIX ................................. 19, 37
GAIN ..................................... 13, 29
REC ...................................... 15, 19
Recording .................................... 39
Reverb .................................. 14, 16
REVERB (LEVEL) ....................... 16
REVERB (TIME) .......................... 16
REVERB (TYPE) ......................... 16
A
English
A.IN ...................................... 14, 24
ASIO driver .................................. 49
AUX BUS ........................12, 14, 16
AUX LEVEL ................................. 17
AUX OUT .................................... 21
AUX PHONES ............................. 17
B
BAL .............................................. 14
Balanced ....................................... 9
Block Diagram ............................. 64
Bus .............................................. 11
H
HARDWARE MIX ................. 19, 37
HIGH ............................................ 14
high-pass filter ...................... 13, 24
Hi-Z .............................................. 14
I
IEEE1394 .................................... 21
INPUT .......................................... 20
Input channel ............................... 11
INPUT METER ..................... 15, 17
INPUT SELECT ........................... 14
Input source ................................. 41
INSERT ....................................... 20
L
LOW ............................................ 14
C
Channel fader ....................... 11, 15
CLICK REMOTE ................... 19, 36
Click sound .................................. 36
COMP LED .................................. 14
Compressor ....................11, 14, 28
Condenser microphones ...... 13, 24
CONTROL ROOM LEVEL .... 18, 25
C-R OUT ........... 17, 18, 21, 25, 46
C-R PHONES ....................... 17, 25
C-R SOURCE SELECT ............... 18
C-R SPEAKER SELECT ............. 18
Cubase ........................................ 33
CUBASE READY ................. 17, 34
D
DAW ..................................... 14, 18
DAW I/O ...................................... 21
DAW TO AUX ....................... 17, 38
DAW TO ST .......................... 16, 37
Decibel (dB) ................................... 9
DIMMER ...................................... 18
DOWN MIX ........................... 18, 47
DRIVE ......................................... 14
Driver ........................................... 49
M
MASTER LEVEL METER ............ 17
Master section ............................. 11
METER SELECT ......................... 17
Metronome .................................. 36
Microphone ........................... 17, 18
MID .............................................. 14
MIDI ...................................... 21, 49
MIDI Implementation Chart .......... 65
Mix ........................................ 28, 43
Mixer ............................................ 10
Mixing down ................................. 45
Monitor devices ........................... 24
MONITOR REMOTE ............ 19, 40
Monitor Speaker .......................... 23
Monitoring environment ............... 25
MORPH ....................................... 14
MUTE .......................................... 18
O
ON (Channel ON) ................. 12, 15
OVER ................................... 15, 30
P
E
Equalizer (EQ) ............................. 14
F
FOOT SW .................................... 21
56
Owner’s Manual
PAD ...................................... 13, 24
Pan ....................................... 14, 30
PFL (Pre-Fader Listen) ......... 16, 32
PHANTOM [+48V] ................ 13, 24
Phase ................................... 14, 15
POST .................................... 17, 27
Power ............................................ 8
PRE ...................................... 17, 24
Preamp ................................. 14, 24
S
Solo ....................................... 15, 32
SOLO LEVEL ........................ 17, 32
ST ......................................... 15, 18
ST MIX ......................................... 19
ST OUT ................................. 16, 21
STANDBY ............................... 8, 21
STEREO BAL .............................. 16
STEREO fader ............................. 16
STEREO ON ................................ 16
Surround Monitor ......................... 46
Sweet Spot ........................... 28, 48
T
TALKBACK .................................. 18
Templates .................................... 35
TO AUX ................................ 16, 31
TO REC ................................ 16, 31
TO ST ................................... 16, 31
TRACK CONTROL ...................... 19
TRANSPORT ............................... 19
U
Unbalanced .................................... 9
W
WDM/KS ...................................... 49
WET ...................................... 15, 42
Work mode ........................... 19, 36
Appendix
Appendix
Specifications
Internal
44.1 kHz, 48 kHz, 88.2 kHz, 96 kHz
External
44.1 kHz, 48 kHz, 88.2 kHz, 96 kHz (±0.1 %)
Total Harmonic Distortion
GAIN: Minimum
0.003 % or less (1 kHz @ +18 dB, into 600 Ω)
Frequency Response
(CH IN to STEREO OUT)
fs = 48 kHz
20 Hz–20 kHz, +1, –3 dB @ +4 dB, into 600 Ω
20 Hz–40 kHz, +1, –3 dB @ +4 dB, into 600 Ω
fs = 96 kHz
Dynamic Range
(SN ratio at the maximum level)
114 dB, DA converter (STEREO OUT)
Hum & Noise
(20 Hz–20 kHz)
Rs = 150 Ω
–128 dB, Equivalent input noise
106 dB, AD + DA (to STEREO OUT)
–95 dB, Residual output noise, STEREO fader: Minimum
GAIN: Maximum
PAD: OFF
–95 dB (99 dB SN), STEREO OUT
STEREO fader: Nominal level, All channel faders: Minimum
GAIN: –60 dB
PAD: OFF
–60 dB (64 dB SN), STEREO OUT
STEREO fader: Nominal level, One channel fader: Nominal level
Maximum Voltage Gain
84 dB, CH1–8 to STEREO OUT/C-R OUT
n12
50 dB, CH9–12 to STEREO OUT/C-R OUT
76 dB, CH1–8 to AUX OUT
42 dB, CH9–12 to AUX OUT
Deutsch
Sampling Frequency
English
Electrical Specifications
76 dB, CH1–4 to STEREO OUT/C-R OUT
n8
42 dB, CH5–8 to STEREO OUT/C-R OUT
–86 dB, CH1–8
n12
–80 dB, CH9–12
–86 dB, CH1–4
n8
Français
GAIN: Minimum
Adjacent Input
–80 dB, CH5–8
Input and Output Specifications
Analog Input
Type
Input Level
Nominal Level
Maximum Level
Input Impedance
INPUT A (Mono)
CH1–8 (n12)
CH1–4 (n8)
XLR type balanced,
+48 V Phantom powered
–60 dBu to +10 dBu
+24 dBu
3.5 kΩ
INPUT B (Mono)
CH1–8 (n12)
CH1–4 (n8)
TRS phone type, balanced
–60 dBu to +10 dBu
+24 dBu
3.5 kΩ
(500 kΩ @ Hi-Z = ON)
10 kΩ
INSERT IN
TRS phone type, unbalanced
0 dBu
+14 dBu
INPUT (Stereo)
CH9–12 (n12)
CH5–8 (n8)
RCA pin type, unbalanced
–40 dBV to –10 dBV
+4 dBV
10 kΩ
Phone type, unbalanced
–26 dBu to +4 dBu
+18 dBu
10 kΩ
2TR IN
RCA pin type, unbalanced
–10 dBV
+4 dBV
10 kΩ
Analog Output
ST OUT
Type
Español
Crosstalk @ 1 kHz
Output Level
Nominal Level
Maximum Level
Input Impedance
TRS phone type, balanced
+4 dBu
+18 dBu
600 Ω
RCA pin type, unbalanced
–10 dBV
+4 dBV
10 kΩ
C-R OUT
TRS phone type, balanced
+4 dBu
+18 dBu
600 Ω
AUX OUT (Only n12)
TRS phone type, balanced
+4 dBu
+18 dBu
600 Ω
INSERT OUT
TRS phone type, unbalanced
+4 dBu
+18 dBu
10 kΩ
C-R PHONES, AUX PHONES
TRS phone type, unbalanced
4 mW + 4 mW
25 mW + 25 mW
8Ω
12 mW + 12 mW
75 mW + 75 mW
40 Ω
Owner’s Manual
57
Appendix
General Specifications
Faders
Power Requirements
Dimensions (H × D × W)
English
Net Weight
n12
100 mm × 11 (Non-motorized)
n8
60 mm × 7 (Non-motorized)
n12
51 W (PA-30)
n8
33 W (PA-20)
n12
146 × 561 × 515 mm
n8
146 × 518 × 368 mm
n12
14 kg
n8
11 kg
Operating Free-air Temperature Range
+5 to +35 ˚C
Included Accessories
AC power adaptor (PA-30 (n12), PA-20 (n8))
DVD-ROM (Cubase AI)
CD-ROM (TOOLS for n Version2)
Owner’s Manual
TOOLS for n Version2/Cubase AI Installation Guide
IEEE 1394 cable
Functions
Monaural Input Channels
CH1–8 (n12)
CH1–4 (n8)
Deutsch
To DIRECT OUT, REC bus,
STEREO bus
Analog Input
MIC Preamp
Discrete Class-A MIC preamp (Inverted Darlington Circuitry)
PHANTOM Switch
+48 V DC (Only for INPUT A, turn on/off every 4 channels)
PAD Switch
0/26 dB
GAIN Control
44 dB variable (–60 dB to –16 dB)
PHASE Switch
Normal/Reversed (CH1–7 (n12), CH1–3 (n8))
High Pass Filter Switch
OFF/80 Hz (–12 dB/oct.)
Hi-Z Switch
ON/OFF (CH8 (n12), CH4 (n8)), Input impedance: 500 kΩ
AD Converter
24 bit linear, Enhanced dual-bit delta-sigma conversion
Français
Analog/DAW Input
INPUT SELECT Switch
A.IN (analog)/DAW (IEEE1394 jack)
COMP LED
Lights in red when the compressor is triggered.
MORPH Control
Morphs between 5 Sweet Spot Data
DRIVE Control
128 resolution
Equalizer
3 band PEQ ±18 dB, MID frequency range: 100 Hz–10 kHz
ON Switch
ON/OFF
REVERB Control
Adjusts a post-fader signal after PAN
AUX Control
Adjusts a pre-fader signal after PAN
PAN Control
33 resolution
SOLO Switch
ON/OFF
DIRECT OUT
Pre-fader
LED × 4: OVER (red), –3 dB (amber), –14 dB (amber), –48 dB (green)
Español
Input Meter
n12
Pre-fader/Post-fader
n8
Only pre-fader
WET Switch
Stereo Input Channels
CH9–12 (n12)
CH5–8 (n8)
To DIRECT OUT, REC bus, STEREO
bus
WET ON/OFF
Analog Input
GAIN Control
30 dB variable (–26 dB to +4 dB)
High Pass Filter Switch
OFF/80 Hz (–12 dB/oct.)
AD Converter
24 bit linear, Enhanced dual-bit delta-sigma conversion
Analog/DAW Input
INPUT SELECT Switch
A.IN (analog)/DAW (IEEE1394 jack)
Equalizer
3 band PEQ ±18 dB, MID frequency range: 100 Hz–10 kHz
ON Switch
ON/OFF
REVERB Control
Adjusts a post-fader signal after PAN
AUX Control
Adjusts a pre-fader signal after PAN
BAL Control
33 resolution
SOLO Switch
ON/OFF
DIRECT OUT
Pre-fader
LED × 4: OVER (red), –3 dB (amber), –14 dB (amber), –48 dB (green)
Input Meter
WET Switch
58
Owner’s Manual
n12
Pre-fader/Post-fader
n8
Only pre-fader
WET ON/OFF
Appendix
–∞ to +6 dB (to STEREO bus)/0 dB (to C-R)
ON/OFF
AD Converter
24 bit linear, Enhanced dual-bit delta/sigma conversion
ST OUT
STEREO Fader
Outputs CH1–12, 2TR IN, DAW,
REVERB, RETURN signals
STEREO ON Switch
ON/OFF
STEREO BAL Control
33 resolution
DA Converter
24 bit linear, 128 times oversampling advanced multi-bit delta/sigma
conversion
Outputs CH1-12, DAW, REVERB
Return, TALK BACK signals
–∞ to +6 dB
CONTROL ROOM LEVEL Control
–∞ to 0 dB
C-R SPEAKER SELECT Switch
n12
A (L/R), B (C/SW), C (LS/RS) Brackets ( ) indicate sources when 5.1
is selected as C-R SOURCE SELECT.
C-R SOURCE SELECT Switch
n12
5.1/DAW/STEREO bus/AUX bus/2TR IN
n8
DAW/STEREO bus/AUX bus/2TR IN
n12
ON/OFF (Active when 5.1 is selected as C-R SOURCE SELECT)
DOWN MIX Switch
AUX OUT (Only n12)
n8
DIMMER Switch
ON/OFF
MUTE Switch
ON/OFF
TALKBACK Switch
n12
ON/OFF
TALK BACK LEVEL Control
n12
–∞ to +6 dB, Sensitivity: –40 dB
PFL Switch
ON (SOLO: Pre-fader)/OFF (SOLO: Post-fader)
DA Converter
24 bit linear, 128 times oversampling Advanced multi-bit delta/sigma
conversion
AUX LEVEL Control
–∞ to +6 dB (to AUX bus), –∞ to +6 dB (AUX bus to AUX OUT)
DA Converter
24 bit linear, 128 times oversampling (@ fs = 44.1 kHz, 48 kHz), 64
times oversampling (@ fs = 88.2 kHz, 96 kHz) advanced multi-bit
delta-sigma conversion
LEVEL control for each AUX and C-R jacks
PHONES (AUX, C-R)
25 mW (@ 8 Ω)/75 mW (@ 40 Ω)
Maximum Output Level
DAW I/O
Audio I/F
n12
16-ch input/16-ch output
n8
12-ch input/12-ch output
MIDI I/F
2-port input/2-port output
(DAW remote control, Input/Output via MIDI IN/OUT jacks)
1 port input/1port output
MIDI IN/OUT
Output Level Meter
MASTER LEVEL METER
English
The BASS MANAGEMENT function
works in the surround sound system
(Only n12).
–∞ to +10 dB
n12
12 points LED meter × 6
n8
12 points LED meter × 2
Français
C-R OUT
n12
Deutsch
To C-R OUT, STEREO bus
LEVEL Control
ON Switch
METER SELECT Switch
C-R level/Bus level
Reverb
Type
HALL/ROOM/PLATE
To AUX bus, REC bus, STEREO bus
Control
REVERB TIME, LEVEL
DAW Remote Control
WORK MODE
ST MIX/HARDWARE MIX/5.1 MIX (5.1 MIX is only for n12.)
MONITOR REMOTE
Recording monitor: ON/OFF, VST effects (WET): ON/OFF
CLICK REMOTE
Click ON/OFF, CLICK LEVEL control
TRACK CONTROL
PREV, NEXT, REC READY switch
TRANSPORT
CYCLE, Previous Marker, Add Marker, Next Marker, REW, FWD,
STOP, PLAY, REC switch
European models
Purchaser/User Information specified in EN55103-1 and EN55103-2.
Inrush Current: 2.5 A (n12), 2 A (n8)
Conforms to Environments: E1, E2, E3, E4
Español
2TR IN
Europäische Modelle
Käufer/Anwenderinformationen nach EN55103-1 und EN55103-2.
Einschaltstrom: 2.5 A (n12), 2 A (n8)
Einsatzbereiche: E1, E2, E3 und E4
Pour les modèles européens
Les informations acheteur/utilisateur sont spécifiées par les directives EN55103-1 et EN55103-2.
Courant d'appel : 2.5 A (n12), 2 A (n8)
Conformité aux normes environnementales : E1, E2, E3 et E4
Modelos europeos
Información comprador/usuario especificada en EN55103-1 y EN55103-2.
Intensidad de entrada: 2.5 A (n12), 2 A (n8)
Conforme para entornos: E1, E2, E3, E4
Owner’s Manual
59
Appendix
Bus connections of n8/n12 and DAW
Cubase 5/Cubase 4/Cubase Studio 5/Cubase Studio 4/Cubase
Essential 5/Cubase Essential 4/Cubase AI 5/Cubase AI 4
By installing “n Extension” and using the templates, the input/output buses in Cubase are assigned to the device as
follows.
Cubase Output
Output Bus
5.1(L)
CH1 Direct Out
→
n12 Direct Out 1
n12-Dir1
n12 Monitor R
→
DAW TO ST-R
5.1(R)
CH2 Direct Out
→
n12 Direct Out 2
n12-Dir2
n12 Monitor 9/C
→
Input Channel 9
5.1(C)
CH3 Direct Out
→
n12 Direct Out 3
n12-Dir3
n12 Monitor 10/LFE
→
Input Channel 10
5.1(LFE)
CH4 Direct Out
→
n12 Direct Out 4
n12-Dir4
n12 Monitor 11/Ls
→
Input Channel 11
5.1(Ls)
CH5 Direct Out
→
n12 Direct Out 5
n12-Dir5
n12 Monitor 12/Rs
→
Input Channel 12
5.1(Rs)
CH6 Direct Out
→
n12 Direct Out 6
n12-Dir6
n12-1
n12 input 1
→
Input Channel 1
CH7 Direct Out
→
n12 Direct Out 7
n12-Dir7
n12-2
n12 input 2
→
Input Channel 2
CH8 Direct Out
→
n12 Direct Out 8
n12-Dir8
n12-3
n12 input 3
→
Input Channel 3
CH9 Direct Out
→
n12 Direct Out 9
n12-Dir9/10
n12-4
n12 input 4
→
Input Channel 4
CH10 Direct Out
→
n12 Direct Out 10
n12-5
n12 input 5
→
Input Channel 5
CH11 Direct Out
→
n12 Direct Out 11
n12-6
n12 input 6
→
Input Channel 6
CH12 Direct Out
→
n12 Direct Out 12
n12-7
n12 input 7
→
Input Channel 7
REC BUS L
→
n12 REC Bus L
n12-8
n12 input 8
→
Input Channel 8
REC BUS R
→
n12 REC Bus R
n12 AUX L
→
DAW TO AUX-L
STEREO BUS L
→
n12 ST Bus L
n12 AUX R
→
DAW TO AUX-R
STEREO BUS R
→
n12 ST Bus R
English
n12-AUX
Cubase Output
Output Bus
n8-L/R
Français
Input Bus
DAW TO ST-L
n12-11/12
n8 Input
Device Port
n8 Monitor L
→
n12-Dir11/12
n12-REC
n12-ST
Cubase Input
n8 Output
Device Port
Input Bus
DAW TO ST-L
CH1 Direct Out
→
n8 Direct Out 1
n8-Dir1
n8 Monitor R
→
DAW TO ST-R
CH2 Direct Out
→
n8 Direct Out 2
n8-Dir2
n8 input 5
→
Input Channel 5
CH3 Direct Out
→
n8 Direct Out 3
n8-Dir3
n8 input 6
→
Input Channel 6
CH4 Direct Out
→
n8 Direct Out 4
n8-Dir4
n8 input 7
→
Input Channel 7
CH5 Direct Out
→
n8 Direct Out 5
n8-Dir5/6
n8 input 8
→
Input Channel 8
CH6 Direct Out
→
n8 Direct Out 6
n8-1
n8 input 1
→
Input Channel 1
CH7 Direct Out
→
n8 Direct Out 7
n8-2
n8 input 2
→
Input Channel 2
CH8 Direct Out
→
n8 Direct Out 8
n8-3
n8 input 3
→
Input Channel 3
REC BUS L
→
n8 REC Bus L
n8-4
n8 input 4
→
Input Channel 4
REC BUS R
→
n8 REC Bus R
n8 AUX L
→
DAW TO AUX-L
STEREO BUS L
→
n8 ST Bus L
n8 AUX R
→
DAW TO AUX-R
STEREO BUS R
→
n8 ST Bus R
n8-5/6
n8-7/8
n8-AUX
Español
Device Port
→
n12-5.1
n12-9/10
60
Cubase Input
n12 Output
n12 Monitor L
n12-L/R
Deutsch
n12 Input
Device Port
Owner’s Manual
n8-Dir7/8
n8-REC
n8-ST
Appendix
Other Applications
■ Windows (SONAR 8):
ASIO Driver
→
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 Direct Out 1
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 Monitor R
→
DAW TO ST-R
5.1(R)
CH2 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 Direct Out 2
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 Monitor 9/C
→
Input Channel 9
5.1(C)
CH3 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 Direct Out 3
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 Monitor 10/LFE
→
Input Channel 10
5.1(LFE)
CH4 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 Direct Out 4
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 Monitor 11/Ls
→
Input Channel 11
5.1(Ls)
CH5 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 Direct Out 5
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 Monitor 12/Rs
→
Input Channel 12
5.1(Rs)
CH6 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 Direct Out 6
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 Input 1
→
Input Channel 1
CH7 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 Direct Out 7
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 Input 2
→
Input Channel 2
CH8 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 Direct Out 8
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 Input 3
→
Input Channel 3
CH9 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 Direct Out 9
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 Input 4
→
Input Channel 4
CH10 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 Direct Out 10
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 Input 5
→
Input Channel 5
CH11 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 Direct Out 11
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 Input 6
→
Input Channel 6
CH12 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 Direct Out 12
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 Input 7
→
Input Channel 7
REC BUS L
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 REC Bus L
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 Input 8
→
Input Channel 8
REC BUS R
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 REC Bus R
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 AUX L
→
DAW TO AUX-L
STEREO BUS L
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 ST Bus L
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 AUX R
→
DAW TO AUX-R
STEREO BUS R
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 ST Bus R
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n8 Monitor L
→
DAW TO ST-L
CH1 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n8 Direct Out 1
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n8 Monitor R
→
DAW TO ST-R
CH2 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n8 Direct Out 2
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n8 input 5
→
Input Channel 5
CH3 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n8 Direct Out 3
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n8 input 6
→
Input Channel 6
CH4 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n8 Direct Out 4
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n8 input 7
→
Input Channel 7
CH5 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n8 Direct Out 5
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n8 input 8
→
Input Channel 8
CH6 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n8 Direct Out 6
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n8 input 1
→
Input Channel 1
CH7 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n8 Direct Out 7
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n8 input 2
→
Input Channel 2
CH8 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n8 Direct Out 8
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n8 input 3
→
Input Channel 3
REC BUS L
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n8 REC Bus L
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n8 input 4
→
Input Channel 4
REC BUS R
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n8 REC Bus R
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n8 AUX L
→
DAW TO AUX-L
STEREO BUS L
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n8 ST Bus L
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n8 AUX R
→
DAW TO AUX-R
STEREO BUS R
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n8 ST Bus R
Output Device Port
n8 Input
n8 Output
Input Device Port
Owner’s Manual
English
Input Device Port
CH1 Direct Out
Deutsch
n12 Output
5.1(L)
Français
n12 Input
DAW TO ST-L
Español
Output Device Port
Yamaha Steinberg FW ASIO
n12 Monitor L
61
Appendix
■ Macintosh (Logic Pro 8, D.P. 6):
Logic Pro 8
English
Output Device Port
n12 Input
Deutsch
Input Device Port
→
DAW TO ST-L
5.1(L)
CH1 Direct Out
→
Input 1
Output 2
→
DAW TO ST-R
5.1(R)
CH2 Direct Out
→
Input 2
Output 3
→
Input Channel 9
5.1(C)
CH3 Direct Out
→
Input 3
Output 4
→
Input Channel 10
5.1(LFE)
CH4 Direct Out
→
Input 4
Output 5
→
Input Channel 11
5.1(Ls)
CH5 Direct Out
→
Input 5
Output 6
→
Input Channel 12
5.1(Rs)
CH6 Direct Out
→
Input 6
Output 7
→
Input Channel 1
CH7 Direct Out
→
Input 7
Output 8
→
Input Channel 2
CH8 Direct Out
→
Input 8
Output 9
→
Input Channel 3
CH9 Direct Out
→
Input 9
Output 10
→
Input Channel 4
CH10 Direct Out
→
Input10
Output 11
→
Input Channel 5
CH11 Direct Out
→
Input11
Output 12
→
Input Channel 6
CH12 Direct Out
→
Input12
Output 13
→
Input Channel 7
REC BUS L
→
Input13
Output 14
→
Input Channel 8
REC BUS R
→
Input14
Output 15
→
DAW TO AUX-L
STEREO BUS L
→
Input15
Output 16
→
DAW TO AUX-R
STEREO BUS R
→
Input16
Output 1
→
DAW TO ST-L
CH1 Direct Out
→
Input 1
Output 2
→
DAW TO ST-R
CH2 Direct Out
→
Input 2
Output 3
→
Input Channel 5
CH3 Direct Out
→
Input 3
Output 4
→
Input Channel 6
CH4 Direct Out
→
Input 4
Output 5
→
Input Channel 7
CH5 Direct Out
→
Input 5
Output 6
→
Input Channel 8
CH6 Direct Out
→
Input 6
Output 7
→
Input Channel 1
CH7 Direct Out
→
Input 7
Output 8
→
Input Channel 2
CH8 Direct Out
→
Input 8
Output 9
→
Input Channel 3
REC BUS L
→
Input 9
Output10
→
Input Channel 4
REC BUS R
→
Input10
Output11
→
DAW TO AUX-L
STEREO BUS L
→
Input11
Output12
→
DAW TO AUX-R
STEREO BUS R
→
Input12
Output Device Port
Français
n12 Output
Output 1
n8 Input
n8 Output
Input Device Port
D.P.6
Español
Output Device Port
n12 Input
Input Device Port
→
DAW TO ST-L
5.1(L)
CH1 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 Direct Out 1 1
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 Monitor R 2
→
DAW TO ST-R
5.1(R)
CH2 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 Direct Out 3 3
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 Monitor 9/C 3
→
Input Channel 9
5.1(C)
CH3 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 Direct Out 2 2
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 Monitor 10/LFE 4
→
Input Channel 10
5.1(LFE)
CH4 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 Direct Out 4 4
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 Monitor 11/Ls 5
→
Input Channel 11
5.1(Ls)
CH5 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 Direct Out 5 5
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 Monitor 12/Rs 6
→
Input Channel 12
5.1(Rs)
CH6 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 Direct Out 6 6
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 input 1 7
→
Input Channel 1
CH7 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 Direct Out 7 7
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 input 3 9
→
Input Channel 2
CH8 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 Direct Out 8 8
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 input 2 8
→
Input Channel 3
CH9 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 Direct Out 9 9
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 input 4 10
→
Input Channel 4
CH10 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 Direct Out 10 10
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 input 5 11
→
Input Channel 5
CH11 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 Direct Out 11 11
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 input 6 12
→
Input Channel 6
CH12 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 Direct Out 12 12
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 input 7 13
→
Input Channel 7
REC BUS L
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 REC Bus L 13
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 input 8 14
→
Input Channel 8
REC BUS R
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 REC Bus R 14
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 AUX L 15
→
DAW TO AUX-L
STEREO BUS L
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 ST Bus L 15
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 AUX R 16
→
DAW TO AUX-R
STEREO BUS R
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 ST Bus R 16
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n8 Monitor L 1
→
DAW TO ST-L
CH1 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n8 Direct Out 1 1
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n8 Monitor R 2
→
DAW TO ST-R
CH2 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n8 Direct Out 2 2
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n8 input 5 3
→
Input Channel 5
CH3 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n8 Direct Out 3 3
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n8 input 6 4
→
Input Channel 6
CH4 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n8 Direct Out 4 4
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n8 input 7 5
→
Input Channel 7
CH5 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n8 Direct Out 5 5
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n8 input 8 6
→
Input Channel 8
CH6 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n8 Direct Out 6 6
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n8 input 1 7
→
Input Channel 1
CH7 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n8 Direct Out 7 7
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n8 input 2 8
→
Input Channel 2
CH8 Direct Out
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n8 Direct Out 8 8
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n8 input 3 9
→
Input Channel 3
REC BUS L
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n8 REC Bus L 9
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n8 input 4 10
→
Input Channel 4
REC BUS R
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n8 REC Bus R 10
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n8 AUX L 11
→
DAW TO AUX-L
STEREO BUS L
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n8 ST Bus L 11
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n8 AUX R 12
→
DAW TO AUX-R
STEREO BUS R
→
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n8 ST Bus R 12
Output Device Port
62
n12 Output
Yamaha Steinberg FW:n12 Monitor L 1
Owner’s Manual
n8 Input
n8 Output
Input Device Port
Appendix
Dimensional Diagrams
[n12]
145.8
Français
Deutsch
560.8
English
515.0
[n8]
145.31
517.14
Español
368
Owner’s Manual
63
IEEE1394
DAW I/O
[+4dBu]
R
ECM
16
16
[-10dBV]
[-10dBV]
L
TALKBACK
n12
2TR IN
R
[-10dBV]
[+4dBu]
L (MONO)
GAIN
HA
A/D
A/D
A/D
ON
OFF
A/D
n8 : DAW OUT [1-12]
DAW OUT [1-16]
n8 : DAW IN [1-12]
DAW IN [1-16]
DAW AUX L
DAW AUX R
DAW IN [15]
DAW IN [16]
n12
n12 : DAW IN [11] (To INPUT CH[5]) n8 : DAW AUX L
n12 : DAW IN [12] (To INPUT CH[6]) n8 : DAW AUX R
n12 : DAW IN [13] (To INPUT CH[7])
n12 : DAW IN [14] (To INPUT CH[8])
DAW IN [7-10] (To INPUT CH[1-4])
DAW IN [7]
DAW IN [8]
DAW IN [9]
DAW IN [10]
DAW IN [11]
DAW IN [12]
DAW IN [13]
DAW IN [14]
n12
5.1 (C)
5.1 (LFE)
5.1 (Ls)
5.1 (Rs)
HPF
80
n8:DAW IN [7-10]
ON
OFF
DIMMER
TALKBACK
DAW IN [4] / [6]
DAW
A. IN
INPUT SELECT
DIMMER
CONTROL
TALKBACK
DAW
A. IN
DAW
A. IN
INPUT SELECT
DAW IN [7-14]
ON
OFF
DAW IN [3] / [5]
ON
OFF
n12 :CH1-7 only
n8 :CH1-3 only
LEVEL
HPF
80
HPF
80
AD IN [1-8]
DAW IN [3] (n12 : To INPUT CH[9] n8 : To INPUT CH[5])
DAW IN [4] (n12 : To INPUT CH[10] n8 : To INPUT CH[6])
DAW IN [5] (n12 : To INPUT CH[11] n8 : To INPUT CH[7])
DAW IN [6] (n12 : To INPUT CH[12] n8 : To INPUT CH[8])
A/D
A/D
[-60dBu~-16dBu]
[-34dBu~+10dBu]
[-26dBu~+4dBu]
[-40dBV~-10dBV]
GAIN
DAW IN [3]
DAW IN [4]
DAW IN [5]
DAW IN [6]
4
HA
HA
DAW L
DAW R
0
26
PAD
5.1 (L)
5.1 (R)
+40dB
SUM
SUM
ON
OFF
Hi-Z
n12 :CH8 only
n8 :CH4 only
DAW IN [1]
DAW IN [2]
STEREO INPUT
n12 : CH9 / 10 & CH11 / 12
n8 : CH5 / 6 & CH7 / 8
[+0dBu]
INSERT I/O
INPUT A
INPUT A
n8
POST
PRE
n12
n8
POST
PRE
n12
5.1 (L)
5.1 (R)
5.1 (C)
5.1 (LFE)
5.1 (Ls)
5.1 (Rs)
DRIVE
3Band EQ
3Band EQ
Fixed to pre-fader
-48
-14
-3
OVER
INPUT METER
MORPH
DIMMER
n12
COMP
(Gain Reduction)
COMP
-48
-14
-3
OVER
INPUT METER
ATT
LEVEL
2TR L
2TR R
CH Fader
DAW 5.1 L
DAW 5.1 R
DAW 5.1 C
DAW 5.1 SW
DAW 5.1 Ls
DAW 5.1 Rs
HPF : 100Hz, -12dB/0ct
LPF : 100Hz, -12dB/0ct
AMP : +10dB
LPF
HPF
HPF
LPF
HPF
TO REC
TO AUX
TO STEREO
DAW DOWNMIX L
DAW DOWNMIX R
HPF
AMP
ATT
DAW TO AUX LEVEL
AUX
PFL SOLO
REV
STEREO
REC
AUX
PFL SOLO
REV
STEREO
REC
2TR TO STEREO
HPF
ATT : -3dB
LEVEL
BAL
PAN
PAN
DAW TO STEREO
n8:DIRECT OUT [5-8]
DIRECT OUT [9-12]
CH Fader
DIGITAL
EFFECT
(REVERB)
ATT
DOWN MIX
ATT
DIRECT OUT [1-8]
n8:DIRECT OUT [1-4]
LEVEL
ON
ON
DAW AUX L
DAW AUX R
BASS MANAGEMENT
DAW L
DAW R
REVERB TIME
3Band EQ
Fixed to pre-fader
LOW GAIN
[+10dBu~-60dBu]
MID FREQ.
(each 4ch)
LOW GAIN
+48V
MID GAIN
MONO INPUT
n12 : CH[1-8]
n8 : CH[1-4]
HIGH GAIN
ANALOG INPUT
MID FREQ.
HIGH GAIN
Deutsch
SOLO L
SOLO R
AUX
DAW DOWNMIX
(DAW L, DAW R)
DAW
(2TR L, 2TR R)
2TR
(SOLO L, SOLO R)
SOLO
(AUX L, AUX R)
(DAW 5.1 L, DAW 5.1 R,
DAW 5.1 C, DAW 5.1 SW,
DAW 5.1 Ls, DAW 5.1 Rs)
DAW 5.1
(DAW DOWNMIX L, DAW DOWNMIX R)
n12
STEREO
6
2
2
2
2
2
2
Fixed Attenuation -12dB
SOLO LEVEL
STEREO FADER
(STEREO L, STEREO R)
n8
ON
BUS
METER SELECT
n12
C-R
METER
n12
n8
n12
DIMMER
AUX
LEVEL
REC R
CONTROL
ROOM
MUTE
LEVEL
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
[6]
[7]
[8]
D/A
D/A
D/A
D/A
D/A
D/A
D/A
D/A
D/A
D/A
D/A
D/A
D/A
D/A
LEVEL
LEVEL
STEREO R
STEREO L
DIRECT OUT [9]
DIRECT OUT [10]
DIRECT OUT [11]
DIRECT OUT [12]
DIRECT
DIRECT
DIRECT
DIRECT
DIRECT
DIRECT
DIRECT
DIRECT
ATT
ATT
DAW OUT [1-16] (To DAW I/O)
n8:DAW OUT [1-12]
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
16
[9]
[10]
[11]
[12]
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
[6]
[7]
[8]
[12mW 40ohms]
[4mW 8ohms]
C-R PHONES
[+4dBu (BAL)]
C - R/ [5.1] Rs
[+4dBu (BAL)]
C - L/ [5.1] Ls
[+4dBu (BAL)]
B - R/ [5.1] SW
[+4dBu (BAL)]
B - L/ [5.1] C
[+4dBu (BAL)]
n8:C-R OUT R
A - L/ [5.1] R
n8:C-R OUT L
[+4dBu (BAL)]
A - L/ [5.1] L
C-R OUT
[12mW 40ohms]
[4mW 8ohms]
AUX PHONES
[+4dBu (BAL)]
AUX OUT R
[+4dBu (BAL)]
AUX OUT L
[-10dBV (UNBAL)]
[+4dBu (BAL)]
ST OUT R
[-10dBV (UNBAL)]
[+4dBu (BAL)]
ST OUT L
n8:DAW OUT [12]
DAW OUT [16]
n8:DAW OUT [11]
DAW OUT [15]
n8:DAW OUT [10]
DAW OUT [14]
n8:DAW OUT [9]
DAW OUT [13]
DAW
DAW
DAW
DAW
DAW
DAW
DAW
DAW
DAW
DAW
DAW
DAW
2-REC , 2-REVERB , 2-AUX , 1-EFFECT , 16-IEEE1394 IN/OUT
2-REC , 2-REVERB , 2-AUX , 1-EFFECT , 12-IEEE1394 IN/OUT
n12
*IF " C-R SOURSE SELECT " is selected " 5.1 " ,
then C-R PHONES outputs DAW DOWNMIX L&R .
AUX R
AUX L
4
8
REC L
DIRECT OUT [9-12]
n12
DIRECT OUT [1-8]
TALKBACK
n12
STEREO R
STEREO L
SOLO L
SOLO R
AUX L
AUX R
STEREO R
STEREO L
REC L
REC R
n8
MASTER LEVEL METER
English
C - R SOURCE SELECT
Français
MID GAIN
Owner’s Manual
C - R SPEAKER SELECT
ATT.
64
ATT.
Español
Appendix
Block Diagram
AUX L
AUX R
REVERB L
REVERB R
STEREO L
STEREO R
REC L
REC R
MIDI Implementation Chart
Recognized
Transmitted
Function...
Basic
Channel
Default
Changed
x
x
x
x
Mode
Default
Messages
Altered
x
x
**************
x
x
x
x *1
x *1
x
Note
Number
: True voice
**************
Velocity
Note ON
Note OFF
x
x
x
x
After
Touch
Key's
Ch's
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
**************
x
x
System Exclusive
x *1
x *1
Common
: Song Pos.
: Song Sel.
: Tune
x
x
x
x
x
x
System
Real Time
: Clock
: Commands
x
x
x
x
Aux
Messages
:
:
:
:
:
:
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Pitch Bend
0-121
Remarks
Prog
Change
: True #
All Sound Off
Reset All Cntrls
Local ON/OFF
All Notes OFF
Active Sense
Reset
Notes:
Español
Français
Control
Change
Date :5-Oct-2006
Version :1.0
English
[ DIGITAL MIXING STUDIO ]
Model n8/12 MIDI Implementation Chart
Deutsch
YAMAHA
*1 Used only for the communication with DAW.
The MIDI Port is used as an extended port for DAW.
Mode 1 : OMNI ON, POLY
Mode 3 : OMNI OFF, POLY
Mode 2 : OMNI ON, MONO
Mode 4 : OMNI OFF, MONO
o : Yes
x : No
Owner’s Manual
65
U.S.A.
Yamaha Corporation of America
6600 Orangethorpe Ave., Buena Park, Calif. 90620,
U.S.A.
Tel: 714-522-9011
CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA
MEXICO
Yamaha de México S.A. de C.V.
Calz. Javier Rojo Gómez #1149,
Col. Guadalupe del Moral
C.P. 09300, México, D.F., México
Tel: 55-5804-0600
BRAZIL
Yamaha Music Europe Branch Benelux
Clarissenhof 5-b, 4133 AB Vianen, The Netherlands
Tel: 0347-358 040
FRANCE
Yamaha Musique France
BP 70-77312 Marne-la-Vallée Cedex 2, France
Tel: 01-64-61-4000
ITALY
Yamaha Musica Italia S.P.A.
Combo Division
Viale Italia 88, 20020 Lainate (Milano), Italy
Tel: 02-935-771
SPAIN/PORTUGAL
Yamaha Música Ibérica, S.A.
Ctra. de la Coruna km. 17, 200, 28230
Las Rozas (Madrid), Spain
Tel: 91-639-8888
GREECE
Yamaha Musical do Brasil Ltda.
Rua Joaquim Floriano, 913 - 4' andar, Itaim Bibi,
CEP 04534-013 Sao Paulo, SP. BRAZIL
Tel: 011-3704-1377
ARGENTINA
Yamaha Music Latin America, S.A.
Sucursal de Argentina
Olga Cossettini 1553, Piso 4 Norte
Madero Este-C1107CEK
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Tel: 011-4119-7000
PANAMA AND OTHER LATIN
AMERICAN COUNTRIES/
CARIBBEAN COUNTRIES
Yamaha Music Latin America, S.A.
Torre Banco General, Piso 7, Urbanización Marbella,
Calle 47 y Aquilino de la Guardia,
Ciudad de Panamá, Panamá
Tel: +507-269-5311
EUROPE
THE UNITED KINGDOM/IRELAND
Yamaha Music U.K. Ltd.
Sherbourne Drive, Tilbrook, Milton Keynes,
MK7 8BL, England
Tel: 01908-366700
GERMANY
Philippos Nakas S.A. The Music House
147 Skiathou Street, 112-55 Athens, Greece
Tel: 01-228 2160
SWEDEN
Yamaha Scandinavia AB
J. A. Wettergrens Gata 1, Box 30053
S-400 43 Göteborg, Sweden
Tel: 031 89 34 00
DENMARK
YS Copenhagen Liaison Office
Generatorvej 6A, DK-2730 Herlev, Denmark
Tel: 44 92 49 00
FINLAND
F-Musiikki Oy
Kluuvikatu 6, P.O. Box 260,
SF-00101 Helsinki, Finland
Tel: 09 618511
SWITZERLAND/LIECHTENSTEIN
Yamaha Music Europe GmbH
Branch Switzerland in Zürich
Seefeldstrasse 94, 8008 Zürich, Switzerland
Tel: 01-383 3990
NORWAY
Norsk filial av Yamaha Scandinavia AB
Grini Næringspark 1, N-1345 Østerås, Norway
Tel: 67 16 77 70
ICELAND
Skifan HF
Skeifan 17 P.O. Box 8120, IS-128 Reykjavik, Iceland
Tel: 525 5000
Yamaha Music (Russia)
Office 4015, entrance 2, 21/5 Kuznetskii
Most street, Moscow, 107996, Russia
Tel: 495 626 0660
OTHER EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
Yamaha Music Europe GmbH
Siemensstraße 22-34, 25462 Rellingen, Germany
Tel: +49-4101-3030
AUSTRIA
Yamaha Music Europe GmbH Branch Austria
Schleiergasse 20, A-1100 Wien, Austria
Tel: 01-60203900
CZECH REPUBLIC/SLOVAKIA/
HUNGARY/SLOVENIA
Yamaha Music Europe GmbH Branch Austria
Schleiergasse 20, A-1100 Wien, Austria
Tel: 01-602039025
POLAND/LITHUANIA/LATVIA/ESTONIA
Yamaha Music Europe GmbH
Branch Sp.z o.o. Oddzial w Polsce
ul. 17 Stycznia 56, PL-02-146 Warszawa, Poland
Tel: 022-868-07-57
Yamaha Music & Electronics (China) Co.,Ltd.
2F, Yunhedasha, 1818 Xinzha-lu, Jingan-qu,
Shanghai, China
Tel: 021-6247-2211
HONG KONG
Tom Lee Music Co., Ltd.
11/F., Silvercord Tower 1, 30 Canton Road,
Tsimshatsui, Kowloon, Hong Kong
Tel: 2737-7688
INDIA
Yamaha Music India Pvt. Ltd.
5F Ambience Corporate Tower Ambience Mall Complex
Ambience Island, NH-8, Gurgaon-122001, Haryana, India
Tel: 0124-466-5551
INDONESIA
PT. Yamaha Music Indonesia (Distributor)
PT. Nusantik
Gedung Yamaha Music Center, Jalan Jend. Gatot
Subroto Kav. 4, Jakarta 12930, Indonesia
Tel: 21-520-2577
KOREA
Yamaha Music Korea Ltd.
8F, 9F, Dongsung Bldg. 158-9 Samsung-Dong,
Kangnam-Gu, Seoul, Korea
Tel: 080-004-0022
Owner's Manual
Bedienungsanleitung
Mode d'emploi
Manual de instrucciones
MALAYSIA
Yamaha Music Malaysia, Sdn., Bhd.
Lot 8, Jalan Perbandaran, 47301 Kelana Jaya,
Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia
Tel: 3-78030900
PHILIPPINES
Yupangco Music Corporation
339 Gil J. Puyat Avenue, P.O. Box 885 MCPO,
Makati, Metro Manila, Philippines
Tel: 819-7551
SINGAPORE
RUSSIA
Yamaha Music Europe GmbH
Siemensstraße 22-34, 25462 Rellingen, Germany
Tel: 04101-3030
ASIA
THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
English
Yamaha Canada Music Ltd.
135 Milner Avenue, Scarborough, Ontario,
M1S 3R1, Canada
Tel: 416-298-1311
THE NETHERLANDS/
BELGIUM/LUXEMBOURG
Deutsch
NORTH AMERICA
CANADA
Para detalles sobre productos, contacte su tienda Yamaha más cercana
o el distribuidor autorizado que se lista debajo.
AFRICA
Yamaha Corporation,
Asia-Pacific Music Marketing Group
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Naka-ku, Hamamatsu,
Japan 430-8650
Tel: +81-53-460-2312
MIDDLE EAST
TURKEY/CYPRUS
Yamaha Music Europe GmbH
Siemensstraße 22-34, 25462 Rellingen, Germany
Tel: 04101-3030
OTHER COUNTRIES
Yamaha Music Gulf FZE
LOB 16-513, P.O.Box 17328, Jubel Ali,
Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Tel: +971-4-881-5868
Yamaha Music Asia Pte., Ltd.
#03-11 A-Z Building
140 Paya Lebor Road, Singapore 409015
Tel: 747-4374
TAIWAN
Français
Pour plus de détails sur les produits, veuillez-vous adresser à Yamaha ou
au distributeur le plus proche de vous figurant dans la liste suivante.
Die Einzelheiten zu Produkten sind bei Ihrer unten aufgeführten
Niederlassung und bei Yamaha Vertragshändlern in den jeweiligen
Bestimmungsländern erhältlich.
Yamaha KHS Music Co., Ltd.
3F, #6, Sec.2, Nan Jing E. Rd. Taipei.
Taiwan 104, R.O.C.
Tel: 02-2511-8688
THAILAND
Siam Music Yamaha Co., Ltd.
4, 6, 15 and 16th floor, Siam Motors Building,
891/1 Rama 1 Road, Wangmai,
Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
Tel: 02-215-2626
OTHER ASIAN COUNTRIES
Yamaha Corporation,
Asia-Pacific Music Marketing Group
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Naka-ku, Hamamatsu,
Japan 430-8650
Tel: +81-53-460-2317
Español
For details of products, please contact your nearest Yamaha
representative or the authorized distributor listed below.
OCEANIA
AUSTRALIA
Yamaha Music Australia Pty. Ltd.
Level 1, 99 Queensbridge Street, Southbank,
Victoria 3006, Australia
Tel: 3-9693-5111
NEW ZEALAND
Music Works LTD
P.O.BOX 6246 Wellesley, Auckland 4680,
New Zealand
Tel: 9-634-0099
COUNTRIES AND TRUST
TERRITORIES IN PACIFIC OCEAN
Yamaha Corporation,
Asia-Pacific Music Marketing Group
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Naka-ku, Hamamatsu,
Japan 430-8650
Tel: +81-53-460-2312
HEAD OFFICE Yamaha Corporation, Pro Audio & Digital Musical Instrument Division
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Naka-ku, Hamamatsu, Japan 430-8650
Tel: +81-53-460-2445
EN
SY51
Yamaha Web Site (English only)
http://www.yamahasynth.com/
Yamaha Manual Library
http://www.yamaha.co.jp/manual/
DE
U.R.G., Pro Audio & Digital Musical Instrument Division, Yamaha Corporation
© 2007-2009 Yamaha Corporation
WU25290 912APZC?.?-04E0
FR
ES