Axis SPIN AX-2200 - V2 User`s manual

AX2000 Series Vortex Volumetric
and Mass Flow Meters
Models AX2200 and AX2300
User’s Manual
Azbil Corporation
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Revised 04/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Table of Contents
Customer Notice for Oxygen Service
Unless you have specifically ordered Azbil’s optional O2 cleaning, this flow meter may
not be fit for oxygen service. Some models can only be properly cleaned during the
manufacturing process. Azbil North America, Inc., is not liable for any damage or
personal injury, whatsoever, resulting from the use of Azbil North America’s standard
mass flow meters for oxygen gas.
Notice to Users
Warning based on Electric Appliances Safety Control Act of Korea. This
product should be handled as electromagnetic radiation emitting equipment,
and is intended for use by industrial dealers and end-users. It is not for residential use.
NIST Standard Reference Database 23, NIST Reference Fluid Thermodynamic and Transport Properties: REFPROP Version 9.x. Standard Reference Databases are copy-righted by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved. No part of the database may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted, in any
form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or
otherwise without prior permission.
© COPYRIGHT Azbil North America, Inc. 2012
No part of this publication may be copied or distributed, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a
retrieval system, or translated into any human or computer language, in any form or by any
means, electronic, mechanical, manual, or otherwise, or disclosed to third parties without the
express written permission of Azbil North America, Inc. The information contained in this
manual is subject to change without notice.
TRADEMARKS
Product and company names listed in this manual are trademarks or trade names of their respective manufacturers.
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
0-1
Table of Contents
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction
AX2000 Series Vortex Mass Flow Meters ............................................ 1-1
Using this Manual ......................................................................... 1-1
Note and Safety Information ......................................................... 1-2
Receipt of System Components .................................................... 1-2
Technical Assistance ..................................................................... 1-2
How the AX2000 Series Vortex Meter Operates .................................. 1-3
Velocity Measurement .................................................................. 1-3
Vortex Shedding Frequency .......................................................... 1-4
Vortex Frequency Sensing ............................................................ 1-4
Flow Velocity Range ..................................................................... 1-5
Temperature Measurement ............................................................ 1-6
Pressure Measurement................................................................... 1-6
Flow Meter Configurations .................................................................. 1-7
Multivariable Options ................................................................... 1-7
Line Size / Process Conditions / Materials .................................... 1-8
Flow Meter Electronics ................................................................. 1-8
Chapter 2 Installation
Installation Overview........................................................................... 2-1
Flow Meter Installation Requirements .......................................... 2-1
Unobstructed Flow Requirements ................................................. 2-2
AX2200 In-Line Flow Meter Installation ............................................. 2-3
Wafer-Style Flow Meter Installation............................................. 2-4
Flange-Style Flow Meter Installation ............................................ 2-5
AX2300 Insertion Flow Meter Installation ........................................... 2-6
Cold Tap Guidelines...................................................................... 2-7
Hot Tap Guidelines ....................................................................... 2-8
Flow Meter Insertion ......................................................................... 2-10
Installing Meters with a Compression Connection ..................... 2-11
Installing Meters with a Packing Gland Connection ................... 2-13
Installing Meters (Packing Gland), No Insertion Tool ................ 2-16
Adjusting Meter Orientation .............................................................. 2-18
Display/Keypad Adjustment ....................................................... 2-18
Enclosure Adjustment ................................................................. 2-19
Loop Power Flow Meter Wiring Connections ................................... 2-20
Input Power Connections ............................................................ 2-20
4-20 mA Output Connections ..................................................... 2-21
Pulse Output Connections ........................................................... 2-22
Frequency Output Connections ................................................... 2-23
Optional Backlight Connections ................................................. 2-23
Remote Electronics Wiring ......................................................... 2-24
High Power Flow Meter Wiring Connections ................................... 2-26
Input Power Connections ............................................................ 2-26
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AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Table of Contents
4-20 mA Output Connections ..................................................... 2-28
Frequency Output Connections ................................................... 2-29
Pulse Output Connections ........................................................... 2-30
Alarm Output Connections.......................................................... 2-32
Remote Electronics Wiring ......................................................... 2-33
Optional Input Electronics Wiring .............................................. 2-34
Optional Energy EMS RTD Input Wiring .................................. 2-34
Optional External 4-20 mA Input Wiring ................................... 2-35
Optional Contact Closure Input Wiring ...................................... 2-36
Chapter 3 Operating Instructions
Flow Meter Display/Keypad................................................................ 3-1
Start Up ................................................................................................ 3-2
Using the Setup Menus ........................................................................ 3-4
Programming the Flow Meter ....................................................... 3-5
Output Menu ................................................................................. 3-6
Display Menu ................................................................................ 3-8
Alarms Menu ................................................................................. 3-9
Totalizer #1 Menu ....................................................................... 3-10
Totalizer #2 Menu ....................................................................... 3-11
Energy Menu ...................................................................... 3-12
Fluid Menu .................................................................................. 3-13
Units Menu .................................................................................. 3-14
Time and Date Menu ................................................................... 3-15
Diagnostics Menu........................................................................ 3-16
Calibration Menu ........................................................................ 3-17
Password Menu ........................................................................... 3-18
Chapter 4 Serial Communications
HART Communications ...................................................................... 4-1
Wiring ........................................................................................... 4-2
HART Commands with the DD Menu .......................................... 4-3
HART Commands with Generic DD Menu .................................. 4-4
MODBUS Communications ................................................................ 4-7
Wiring ........................................................................................... 4-7
Menu Items.................................................................................... 4-8
Register Definitions .................................................................... 4-10
BACNET MSTP Communications.................................................... 4-21
BACNET MSTP Description ...................................................... 4-21
Baud Rates on the MS/TP Bus .................................................... 4-21
Supported BACnet Objects ......................................................... 4-22
ANNEX - BACnet Protocol Implementation Conformance
Statement ..................................................................................... 4-28
Acronyms and Definitions .......................................................... 4-34
Chapter 5 Troubleshooting and Repair
Hidden Diagnostics Menus .................................................................. 5-1
Level One Hidden Diagnostics Values ......................................... 5-3
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Table of Contents
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Level Two Hidden Diagnostics Values ......................................... 5-4
Analog Output Calibration .................................................................. 5-7
Troubleshooting the Flow Meter ......................................................... 5-8
First Check Items ................................................................................. 5-8
Record Values ...................................................................................... 5-8
Determine the Fault ............................................................................. 5-9
Symptom: Output at no Flow ........................................................ 5-9
Symptom: Erratic Output .............................................................. 5-9
Symptom: No Output .................................................................. 5-11
Symptom: Meter Displays Temperature Fault ............................ 5-12
Symptom: Meter Displays Pressure Fault ................................... 5-13
Electronics Assembly Replacement................................................... 5-14
Pressure Sensor Replacement (AX2200 Models Only) ..................... 5-15
Returning Equipment to the Factory .................................................. 5-15
Appendix A Product Specifications
Appendix B Approvals
Appendix C Flow Meter Calculations
Appendix D Glossary
Figures
0-4
1-1.
1-2.
1-3.
In-Line Vortex Multi-Parameter Mass Flow Meter ................ 1-3
Measurement Principle of Vortex Flow Meters ..................... 1-4
Reynolds Number Range of the AX2000 Series ...................... 1-6
2-1.
2-2.
2-3.
2-4.
2-5.
2-6.
2-7.
2-8.
2-9.
2-10.
2-11.
2-12.
2-13.
2-14.
2-15.
2-16.
2-17.
2-18.
2-19.
Recommended Pipe Length Required for Installation ............ 2-2
Flange Bolt Torquing Sequence ............................................. 2-3
Wafer-Style Flow Meter Installation ...................................... 2-4
Flange-Style Flow Meter Installation ..................................... 2-5
Hot Tap Sequence ................................................................... 2-9
Insertion Calculation (Compression Type) ........................... 2-11
Flow Meter with Compression Type Fitting......................... 2-12
Insertion Calculation (Meters with Insertion Tool) .............. 2-13
Flow Meter with Permanent Insertion Tool .......................... 2-14
Flow Meter with Removable Insertion Tool......................... 2-15
Insertion Calculation (Meters without Insertion Tool) ......... 2-16
Display/Keypad Viewing Adjustment .................................. 2-18
Enclosure Viewing Adjustment ............................................ 2-19
Loop Power Wiring Terminals ............................................. 2-20
DC Power Connections......................................................... 2-20
Load Resistance Versus Input Voltage ................................. 2-21
Isolated Pulse Output Using External Power Supply ........... 2-22
Non-Isolated Pulse Output Using External Power Supply ... 2-22
Isolated Frequency Output Using External Power Supply ... 2-23
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Table of Contents
2-20.
2-21.
2-22.
2-23.
2-24.
2-25.
2-26.
2-27.
2-28.
2-29.
2-30.
2-31.
2-32.
2-33.
2-34.
2-35.
2-36.
2-37.
2-38.
2-39
2-40
2-41
2-42.
2-43.
2-44.
2-45.
2-46.
Non-Isolated Freq. Out. Using External Power Supply........ 2-23
Backlight Using External Power Supply .............................. 2-23
Loop Power Volumetric Flowmeter Junction Box ............... 2-24
Loop Power Mass Flowmeter Junction Box ......................... 2-25
AC Wiring Terminals ........................................................... 2-26
AC Power Connections......................................................... 2-26
DC Wiring Terminals ........................................................... 2-27
DC Power Connections......................................................... 2-27
Load Resistance Versus Input Voltage ................................. 2-28
Isolated 4-20 Output Using External Power Supply ............. 2-28
Non-Isolated 4-20 Output Using Input Power Supply.......... 2-29
Isolated 4-20 Output Using Meter Power Supply (AC only) 2-29
Isolated Frequency Output Using External Power Supply ... 2-30
Non-Isolated Frequency Output Using Input Power Supply 2-30
Isolated Freq. Out. Using Meter Power Sup. (AC only)....... 2-30
Isolated Pulse Output Using External Power Supply ........... 2-31
Non-Isolated Pulse Output Using Input Power Supply ........ 2-31
Isolated Pulse Output Using Meter Power Sup. (AC only) .. 2-31
Isolated Alarm Output Using External Power Supply .......... 2-32
Non-Isolated Alarm Output Using Meter Power Supply...... 2-32
Isolated Alarm Output Using Meter Power Sup. (AC only) 2-33
High Power Flow Meter Junction Box ................................ 2-33
Optional Energy EMS RTD Input Wiring ............................ 2-34
External 4-20 mA Input Wiring – External Power Supply ... 2-35
External 4-20 mA Input Wiring – DC Powered Meter ......... 2-35
External 4-20 mA Input Wiring – AC Powered Meter ......... 2-36
Optional External Contact Closure Input Wiring ................. 2-36
3-1.
Flow Meter Display/Keypad................................................... 3-1
4-1.
4-2.
4-3.
4-4.
Loop Powered Meter Wiring (HART).................................... 4-1
DC Powered Meter Wiring (HART) ...................................... 4-2
AC Powered Meter Wiring (HART) ...................................... 4-2
RS-485 Wiring (MODBUS) ................................................... 4-7
5-1.
5-2.
5-3.
5-4.
5-5.
Electronics Stack Sensor Connections.................................. 5-11
Remote Feed Through Board Sensor Connections ............... 5-11
Vortex Sensor Connector ...................................................... 5-12
Temperature Sensor Connector ............................................ 5-13
Pressure Sensor Connector ................................................... 5-13
Tables
2-1.
Minimum Recommended Stud Bolt Lengths ......................... 2-3
4-1.
4-2.
Byte Order (MODBUS) .......................................................... 4-9
Register Definitions (MODBUS) ......................................... 4-11
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
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Table of Contents
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Warnings and Cautions
Warning!
Consult the flow meter nameplate for specific flow meter approvals before any hazardous location installation.
Hot tapping must be performed by a trained professional. U.S. regulations often require a hot
tap permit. The manufacturer of the hot tap equipment and/or the contractor performing the
hot tap is responsible for providing proof of such a permit.
All flow meter connections, isolation valves and fittings for cold/hot tapping must have the
same or higher pressure rating as the main pipeline.
For Series AX2300 insertion flow meter installations, an insertion tool must be used for any
installation where a flow meter is inserted under pressure greater than 50 psig.
To avoid serious injury, DO NOT loosen a compression fitting under pressure.
To avoid potential electric shock, follow National Electric Code or your local code when wiring this unit to a power source. Failure to do so could result in injury or death. All AC power
connections must be in accordance with published CE directives. All wiring procedures must
be performed with the power Off.
Before attempting any flow meter repair, verify that the line is not pressurized. Always remove main power before disassembling any part of the mass flow meter.
Caution!
Calibration must be performed by qualified personnel. Azbil North America, Inc., strongly recommends that you return your flow meter to the factory for calibration.
In order to achieve accurate and repeatable performance, the flow meter must be installed
with the specified minimum length of straight pipe upstream and downstream of the flow meter’s sensor head.
When using toxic or corrosive gases, purge the line with inert gas for a minimum of four
hours at full gas flow before installing the flow meter.
For Series AX2300 insertion flow meter installations, the sensor alignment pointer must
point downstream in the direction of flow.
The AC wire insulation temperature rating must meet or exceed 85°C (185°F)
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CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Table of Contents
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
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AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 1 Introduction
AX2000Series Multi-Parameter Vortex Mass Flow Meters
The azbilAX2200 In-Line and the AX2300 Insertion Vortex Flow Meters provide a reliable solution for process flow measurement. From a
single entry point in the pipeline, AX2000Series meters offer precise
measurements of mass or volumetric flow rates.
Multi-Parameter Mass Flow Meters
Mass flow meters utilize three primary sensing elements: a vortex shedding velocity sensor, an RTD temperature sensor, and a solid state pressure sensor to measure the mass flow rate of gases, liquids, and steam.
Meters are available as loop powered devices or with up to three 4-20
mA analog output signals for monitoring your choice of the five process
variables (mass flow, volumetric flow, temperature, pressure and fluid
density). The Energy Monitoring option permits real-time calculation of
energy consumption for a facility or process.
Volumetric Flow Meters
The primary sensing element of a volumetric flow meter is a vortex
shedding velocity sensor. Meters are loop powered. The analog 4-20
mA output signal offers your choice of volumetric or mass flow rate.
Mass flow rate is based on a constant value for fluid density stored in the
instrument’s memory.
Both the mass and volumetric flow meters can be ordered with a local
keypad/display which provides instantaneous flow rate, total, and process
parameters in engineering units. A pulse output signal for remote totalization and MODBUS or HART communications are also available.
AX2000Series digital electronics allows for easy reconfiguration for
most gases, liquids and steam. The azbil AX2200 and AX2300 Meters’
simple installation combines with an easy-to-use interface that provides
quick set up, long term reliability and accurate mass flow measurement
over a wide range of flows, pressures and temperatures.
Using This Manual
This manual provides information needed to install and operate both the
AX2200 Model In-Line and AX2300 Model Insertion Flow Meters.
 Chapter 1 includes the introduction and product description
 Chapter 2 provides information needed for installation
 Chapter 3 describes system operation and programming
 Chapter 4 provides information on HART and MODBUS protocols
 Chapter 5 covers troubleshooting and repair
Appendix A - Product Specifications, Appendix B – Approvals,
Appendix C – Flow Meter Calculations, Appendix D – Glossary of
Terms
CM2-AX2200-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
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Chapter 1 Introduction
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Note and Safety Information
We use note, caution and warning statements throughout this book to
draw your attention to important information.
Warning!
This statement appears with
information that is important to
protect people and equipment
from damage. Pay very close
attention to all warnings that
apply to your application.
Caution!
Note
This statement appears with
information that is important
for protecting your equipment
and performance. Read and
follow all cautions that apply
to your application.
This statement appears with
a short message to alert you
to an important detail.
Receipt of System Components
When receiving an azbil mass flow meter, carefully check the outside
packing carton for damage incurred in shipment. If the carton is damaged, notify the local carrier and submit a report to the factory or distributor. Remove the packing slip and check that all ordered components are
present. Make sure any spare parts or accessories are not discarded with
the packing material. Do not return any equipment to the factory without
first contacting Azbil North America, Inc. Customer Service.
Technical Assistance
If you encounter a problem with your flow meter, review the configuration information for each step of the installation, operation and set up procedures. Verify that your settings and adjustments are consistent with factory recommendations. Refer to Chapter 5, Troubleshooting, for specific
information and recommendations.
If the problem persists after following the troubleshooting procedures
outlined in Chapter 5, contact AzbilNorthAmerica,Inc., Technical
Support at (888) 262-4639 or (602) 216-8199 between 8:00 a.m. and
5:00 p.m. MST. When calling Technical Support, have the following information on hand:
 the serial number and AzbilNorthAmerica order number
(all marked on the meter nameplate)
 the problem you are encountering and any corrective action
taken
 application information (fluid, pressure, temperature and
piping configuration)
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CM2-AX2200-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 1 Introduction
How the AX2000Series Vortex Mass Flow Meter Operates
Figure 1-1. In-Line Vortex Multi-Parameter Mass Flow Meter
azbil Series AX2200 and AX2300 Multi-Parameter Vortex Mass Flow
Meters use a unique sensor head to monitor mass flow rate by directly
measuring three variables–fluid velocity, temperature and pressure. The
built-in flow computer calculates the mass flow rate and volumetric flow
rate based on these three direct measurements. The velocity, temperature
and pressure sensing head is built into the vortex meter’s flow body. To
measure fluid velocity, the flow meter incorporates a bluff body (shedder
bar) in the flow stream and measures the frequency of vortices created by
the shedder bar. Temperature is measured using a platinum resistance
temperature detector (PRTD). Pressure measurement is achieved using a
solid-state pressure transducer. All three elements are combined into an
integrated sensor head assembly located downstream of the shedder bar
within the flow body.
Velocity Measurement
The AX2000Series vortex velocity sensor is a patented mechanical design
that minimizes the effects of pipeline vibration and pump noise, both of
which are common error sources in flow measurement with vortex flow
meters. The velocity measurement is based on the well-known Von Karman vortex shedding phenomenon. Vortices are shed from a shedder bar,
and the vortex velocity sensor located downstream of the shedder bar
senses the passage of these vortices. This method of velocity measurement
has many advantages including inherent linearity, high turndown, reliability and simplicity.
CM2-AX2200-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
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Chapter 1 Introduction
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Vortex Shedding Frequency
Von Karman vortices form downstream of a shedder bar into two distinct
wakes. The vortices of one wake rotate clockwise while those of the other wake rotate counterclockwise. Vortices generate one at a time, alternating from the left side to the right side of the shedder bar. Vortices interact with their surrounding space by over-powering every other nearby
swirl on the verge of development. Close to the shedder bar, the distance
(or wave length) between vortices is always constant and measurable.
Therefore, the volume encompassed by each vortex remains constant, as
shown below. By sensing the number of vortices passing by the velocity
sensor, the AX2000Series Flow Meter computes the total fluid volume.
Velocity sensor
Vortex shedder bar
Vortices
Flow
Constant
wave length
Figure 1-2. Measurement Principle of Vortex Flow Meters
Vortex Frequency Sensing
The velocity sensor incorporates a piezoelectric element that senses the
vortex frequency. This element detects the alternating lift forces produced by the Von Karman vortices flowing downstream of the vortex
shedder bar. The alternating electric charge generated by the piezoelectric element is processed by the transmitter’s electronic circuit to obtain
the vortex shedding frequency. The piezoelectric element is highly sensitive and operates over a wide range of flows, pressures and temperatures.
1-4
CM2-AX2200-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 1 Introduction
Flow Velocity Range
To ensure trouble-free operation, vortex flow meters must be correctly
sized so that the flow velocity range through the meter lies within the
measurable velocity range (with acceptable pressure drop) and the linear
range.
The measurable range is defined by the minimum and maximum velocity
using the following table.
Gas
Vmin
Vmax
0.5 in
0.75 in
1 in
1.5 in and
greater
Vmin
25 ft/s
Liquid
1 ft/s

175 ft/s
250 ft/s
250 ft/s
300 ft/s
30 ft/s
30 ft/s
30 ft/s
30 ft/s
37 m/s
0.3 m/s
53 m/s
76 m/s
76 m/s
91 m/s
9.1 m/s
9.1 m/s
9.1 m/s
9.1 m/s

Vmax
DN15
DN20
DN25
DN40 and
greater
English  (lb/ft3)
Metric  (kg/m3)
The linear range is defined by the Reynolds number. The Reynolds number is the
ratio of the inertial forces to the viscous forces in a flowing fluid and is defined
as:
 V D
Re =

Where
Re

V
D

=
=
=
=
=
Reynolds Number
mass density of the fluid being measured
velocity of the fluid being measured
internal diameter of the flow channel
viscosity of the fluid being measured
CM2-AX2200-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
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Chapter 1 Introduction
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
The Strouhal number is the other dimensionless number that quantifies the
vortex phenomenon. The Strouhal number is defined as:
f d
St =
V
Where
St
f
d
V
=
=
=
=
Strouhal Number
frequency of vortex shedding
shedder bar width
fluid velocity
Strouhal Number, St
As shown in Figure 1-3, AX2000Series meters exhibit a constant Strouhal number across a large range of Reynolds numbers, indicating a consistent linear output over a wide range of flows and fluid types. Below
this linear range, the intelligent electronics in AX2000Series automatically corrects for the variation in the Strouhal number with the Reynolds
number. The meter’s smart electronics corrects for this non-linearity via
its simultaneous measurements of the process fluid temperature and pressure. This data is then used to calculate the Reynolds number in real
time. AX2000Series meters automatically correct down to a Reynolds
number of 5,000.
Corrected range
0.3
Linear range
0.2
0.1
0.0
10 3
10
5000
4
10 5
10 6
10 7
10 8
Reynolds Number, Re
Figure 1-3. Reynolds Number Range for the AX2000Series
Pressure Drop
The pressure drop for series AX2300 Insertion Meters is negligible. The pressure
drop for series AX2200 In-line Meters is defined as:
P = .00024  V2 English units (P in psi,  in lb/ft3, V in ft/sec)
P = .000011  V2 Metric units (P in bar,  in kg/m3, V in m/sec).
1-6
CM2-AX2200-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 1 Introduction
Minimum Back Pressure
A minimum back pressure is required to prevent cavitation in the vortex
flow meter when installed in liquid applications. Cavitation is a phenomenon wherein a liquid passing through a low pressure zone no longer can
remain in the liquid phase and therefore partially flashes (or “boils”) into
its vapor phase. The resulting two-phase flow degrades the liquid calibration accuracy. For some applications, a valve downstream of the flow meter may be required to increase the pressure in the meter, thereby avoiding
cavitation. The following equation defines the minimum back pressure to
prevent cavitation.
P = 2.9 P + 1.3 PV
Where:
P = Minimum line pressure five pipe diameters downstream of the flow
meter required to avoid cavitation (psia or bara).
P = Permanent pressure loss across the flow meter (psia or bara).
PV = Liquid vapor pressure at actual flowing conditions (psia or bara).
Temperature Measurement
AX2000Series Flow Meters use a 1000 ohm platinum resistance temperature detector (PRTD) to measure fluid temperature.
Pressure Measurement
AX2000Series Flow Meters incorporate a solid-state pressure transducer
isolated by a 316 stainless steel diaphragm. The transducer itself is micro-machined silicon, fabricated using integrated circuit processing technology. A nine-point pressure/temperature calibration is performed on
every sensor. Digital compensation allows these transducers to operate
within a 0.3% of full scale accuracy band within the entire ambient temperature range of -40°F to 140°F (-40 to 60°C). Thermal isolation of the
pressure transducer ensures the same accuracy across the allowable process fluid temperature range of -330°F to 750°F (-200 to 400°C).
CM2-AX2200-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
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Chapter 1 Introduction
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Flow Meter Configurations
AX2000Series Vortex Mass Flow Meters are available in two
model configurations:
 AX2200 In-line flow meter (replaces a section of the pipeline)
 AX2300 Insertion flow meter (requires a “cold” tap or a “hot” tap
into an existing pipeline)
Both the in-line and insertion configurations are similar in that they both
use identical electronics and have similar sensor heads. Besides installation differences, the main difference between an in-line flow meter and
an insertion flow meter is their method of measurement.
For an in-line vortex flow meter, the shedder bar is located across the entire diameter of the flow body. Thus, the entire pipeline flow is included
in the vortex formation and measurement. The sensing head, which directly measures velocity, temperature and pressure is located just downstream of the shedder bar.
Insertion vortex flow meters have a shedder bar located across the diameter of a short tube. The velocity, temperature and pressure sensor are
located within this tube just downstream of a built-in shedder bar. This
entire assembly is called the insertion sensing head. It fits through any
entry port with a 1.875 inch minimum internal diameter.
The sensing head of an insertion vortex flow meter directly monitors the
velocity at a point in the cross-sectional area of a pipe, duct, or stack (referred to as “channels”). The velocity at a point in the pipe varies as a function of the Reynolds number. The insertion vortex flow meter computes the
Reynolds number and then computes the total flow rate in the channel. The
output signal of insertion meters is the total flow rate in the channel. The
accuracy of the total flow rate computation depends on adherence to the
piping installation requirements given in Chapter 2. If adherence to those
guidelines cannot be met, contact the factory for specific installation advice.
Multivariable Options
The AX2200 or AX2300 models are available with the following options:
V, volumetric flowmeter; VT, velocity and temperature sensors; VTP,
velocity, temperature, and pressure sensors; VT-EM energy output options; VTP-EM, energy options with pressure; VT-EP, external pressure
transmitter input.
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CM2-AX2200-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 1 Introduction
Line Size / Process Connections / Materials
The AX2200 In-line model is built for line sizes ½ through 4 inch wafer
or ½ through 8 inch flanged design using ANSI 150, 300, 600, PN16, 40,
or 64 class flanges.
The AX2300 Insertion model can be used in line sizes 2 inch and greater
and is built with a compression fitting or packing gland design using 2
inch NPT, or 2 inch flanged connections (ANSI 150, 300, 600, PN16, 40,
or 64 class flanges). The packing gland design can be ordered with a
permanent or removable retractor.
The AX2200 In-line model can be built with A105 carbon steel, 316L
stainless steel, or Hastelloy C-276. The AX2300 Insertion model can be
built with 316L stainless steel or Hastelloy C-276.
Flow Meter Electronics
AX2000Series Flow Meter electronics are available mounted directly to
the flow body, or remotely mounted. The electronics housing may be
used indoors or outdoors, including wet environments. Available input
power options are: DC loop powered (2-wire), DC powered, or AC powered. Three analog output signals are available for your choice of three
of the five process variables: mass flow rate, volumetric flow rate, temperature, pressure or fluid density. A pulse output signal for remote totalization and MODBUS or HART communications are also available.
AX2000Series Flow Meters include a local 2 x 16 character LCD display
housed within the enclosure. Local operation and reconfiguration is accomplished using six pushbuttons operated via finger touch. For hazardous locations, the six buttons can be operated with the electronics enclosure sealed using a hand-held magnet, thereby not compromising the integrity of the hazardous location certification.
The electronics include nonvolatile memory that stores all configuration
information. The nonvolatile memory allows the flow meter to function
immediately upon power up, or after an interruption in power. All
flowmeters are calibrated and configured for the customer’s flow
application.
CM2-AX2200-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
1-9
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 2 Installation
Chapter 2 Installation
Installation Overview
azbil’s AX2000 Series Vortex Flow Meter installations are simple and
straightforward. Both the AX2200 In-Line and AX2300 Insertion type
flow meter installations are covered in this chapter. After reviewing the
installation requirements given below, see page 2-3 for AX2200 installation instructions. See page 2-6 for AX2300 installation instructions. Wiring instructions begin on page 2-20.
Flow Meter Installation Requirements
Before installing the flow meter, verify the installation site allows for
these considerations:
Warning!
Consult the flow meter nameplate for
specific flow meter approvals before any
hazardous location installation.
1.
Line pressure and temperature will not exceed the flow meter
rating.
2.
The location meets the required minimum number of pipe diameters upstream and downstream of the sensor head as illustrated in Figure 2-1.
3.
Safe and convenient access with adequate overhead clearance for maintenance purposes.
4.
Verify that the cable entry into the instrument meets the
specific standard required for hazardous area installations.
5.
For remote installations, verify the supplied cable length is
sufficient to connect the flow meter sensor to the remote
electronics.
Also, before installation check your flow system for anomalies such as:


leaks
valves or restrictions in the flow path that could create disturbances in the flow profile that might cause unexpected flow rate indications
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
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Chapter 2 Installation
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Unobstructed Flow Requirements
Select an installation site that will minimize possible distortion in the flow
profile. Valves, elbows, control valves and other piping components may
cause flow disturbances. Check your specific piping condition against the
examples shown below. In order to achieve accurate and repeatable performance install the flow meter using the recommended number of
straight run pipe diameters upstream and downstream of the sensor.
Note: For liquid applications in vertical pipes, avoid installing with flow
in the downward direction because the pipe may not be full at all points.
Choose to install the meter with flow in the upward direction if possible.
A
B
Flow meter
Example 1.
One 90° elbow before meter
A
C'
C
B
A
C'
Flow meter
Flow conditioner
(if used)
Example 4.
Reduction before meter
A
B
C
B
Flow meter
C'
C
Flow meter
Flow conditioner
(if used)
Example 2.
Two 90° elbows before meter in one plane
A
Example 5.
Expansion before meter
Flow conditioner
(if used)
B
A
C'
C
Flow meter
Flow conditioner
(if used)
Example 3.
Two 90° elbows before meter out of plane (if three
90° bends present, double recommended length)
Example
1
2
3
4
5
6
C'
B
C
Flow meter
Flow conditioner (if used)
Example 6.
Regulator or valve partially closed before meter
(If valve is always wide open, base length
requirements on fitting directly preceding it)
Minimum Required
Minimum Required
Upstream Diameters
Downstream Diameters
No Flow
No Flow
With Flow
Conditioner
With Flow Conditioner
Conditioner
Conditioner
A
A
C
C´
B
B
10 D
N/A
N/A
N/A
5D
5D
15 D
10 D
5D
5D
5D
5D
25 D
10 D
5D
5D
10 D
5D
10 D
10 D
5D
5D
5D
5D
20 D
10 D
5D
5D
5D
5D
25 D
10 D
5D
5D
10 D
5D
D = Internal diameter of channel. N/A = Not applicable
Figure 2-1. Recommended Pipe Length Requirements for Installation, Models AX2200 and AX2300
2-2
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 2 Installation
AX2200 In-Line Flow Meter Installation
Install the AX2200 In-Line Flow Meter between two conventional pipe
flanges as shown in Figures 2-3 and 2-4. Table 2-1 provides the recommended minimum stud bolt lengths for wafer-style meter body size and
different flange ratings.
The meter inside diameter is equal to the same size nominal pipe ID in
schedule 80. For example, a 2” meter has an ID of 1.939” (2” schedule
80). Do not install the meter in a pipe with an inside diameter smaller
than the inside diameter of the meter. For schedule 160 and higher
pipe, a special meter is required. Consult the factory before purchasing
the meter.
AX2200 Meters require customer-supplied gaskets. When selecting gasket material make sure that it is compatible with the process fluid and
pressure ratings of the specific installation. Verify that the inside diameter
of the gasket is larger than the inside diameter of the flow meter and adjacent piping. If the gasket material extends into the flow stream, it will disturb the flow and cause inaccurate measurements.
Flange Bolt Specifications
Stud bolt lengths may be calculated using the following equation:
L = Meter face to face length + 2 (mounting flange thickness + flange
raised face) + 2 (gasket thickness) + 4 (mounting nut thickness)
Refer to the mounting flange specification to select the correct stud
bolt diameter.
The required bolt load for sealing the gasket joint is affected by several
application-dependent factors, therefore the required torque for each application may be different. Refer to the ASME Pressure Vessel Code
guidelines for bolt tightening standards.
1
1
8
4
3
4
7
4-bolt
2
8-bolt
1
5
8
3
6
2
12
5
9
4
3
10
7
6
2
11
12-bolt
Figure 2-2. Flange Bolt Torquing Sequence
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
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Chapter 2 Installation
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Wafer-Style Flow Meter Installation
Install the wafer-style meter between two conventional pipe flanges of the
same nominal size as the flow meter. If the process fluid is a liquid, make
sure the meter is located where the pipe is always full. This may require
locating the meter at a low point in the piping system. Note: Vortex flow
meters are not suitable for two-phase flows (i.e., liquid and gas mixtures).
For horizontal pipelines having a process temperature above 300° F,
mount the meter at a 45 or 90-degree angle to avoid overheating the electronics enclosure. To adjust the viewing angle of the enclosure or display/keypad, see page 2-18 and 2-19.
Caution!
When using toxic or corrosive
gases, purge the line with inert
gas for a minimum of four hours
at full gas flow before installing
the flow meter.
Figure 2-3. Wafer-Style Flow Meter Installation
When installing the meter make sure the section marked with a flow arrow is positioned upstream of the outlet, with the arrow head pointing in the direction of
flow. (The mark is on the wafer adjacent to the enclosure mounting neck.) This
ensures that the sensor head is positioned downstream of the vortex shedder bar
and is correctly aligned to the flow. Installing the meter opposite this direction
will result in completely inaccurate flow measurement. To install the meter:
1. Turn off the flow of process gas, liquid or steam. Verify that the line
is not pressurized. Confirm that the installation site meets the required
minimum upstream and downstream pipe diameters.
2. Insert the studs for the bottom side of the meter body between the pipe
flanges. Place the wafer-style meter body between the flanges with the
end stamped with a flow arrow on the upstream side, with the arrow
head pointing in the direction of flow. Center the meter body inside the
diameter with respect to the inside diameter of the adjoining piping.
3. Position the gasket material between the mating surfaces. Make sure
both gaskets are smooth and even with no gasket material extending into the flow profile. Obstructions in the pipeline will disturb the flow and
cause inaccurate measurements.
2-4
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 2 Installation
4. Place the remaining studs between the pipe flanges. Tighten the nuts in
the sequence shown in Figure 2-2. Check for leaks after tightening the
flange bolts
Flange-Style Flow Meter Installation
Install the flange-style meter between two conventional pipe flanges of
the same nominal size as the flow meter. If the process fluid is a liquid,
make sure the meter is located where the pipe is always full. This may require locating the meter at a low point in the piping system. Note: Vortex
flow meters are not suitable for two-phase flows (i.e., liquid and gas mixtures). For horizontal pipelines having a process temperature above 300°
F, mount the meter at a 45 or 90-degree angle to avoid overheating the
electronics enclosure. To adjust the viewing angle of the enclosure or display/keypad, see page 2-18 and 2-19.
Caution!
When using toxic or corrosive
gases, purge the line with inert
gas for a minimum of four hours
at full gas flow before installing
the flow meter.
Figure 2-4. Flange-Style Flow Meter Installation
When installing the meter make sure the flange marked with a flow arrow is positioned upstream of the outlet flange, with the arrow head pointing in the direction of
flow. (The mark is on the flange adjacent to the enclosure mounting neck.) This ensures that the sensor head is positioned downstream of the vortex shedder bar and is
correctly aligned to the flow. Installing the meter opposite this direction will result in
completely inaccurate flow measurement. To install the meter:
1. Turn off the flow of process gas, liquid or steam. Verify that the line
is not pressurized. Confirm that the installation site meets the required
minimum upstream and downstream pipe diameters.
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
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Chapter 2 Installation
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
2. Seat the meter level and square on the mating connections with the flange
stamped with a flow arrow on the upstream side, with the arrow head
pointing in the direction of flow. Position a gasket in place for each side.
Make sure both gaskets are smooth and even with no gasket material extending into the flow profile. Obstructions in the pipeline will disturb the
flow and cause inaccurate measurements.
3. Install bolts in both process connections. Tighten the nuts in the sequence shown in Figure 2-2. Check for leaks after tightening the flange
bolts.
AX2300 Insertion Flow Meter Installation
Prepare the pipeline for installation using either a cold tap or hot tap
method described on the following pages. Refer to a standard code for all
pipe tapping operations. The following tapping instructions are general in
nature and intended for guideline purposes only. Before installing the meter, review the mounting position and isolation value requirements given
below.
Mounting Position
Allow clearance between the electronics enclosure top and any other obstruction when the meter is fully retracted.
Isolation Valve Selection
An isolation valve is available as an option with AX2300 meters. If you
supply the isolation valve, it must meet the following requirements:
1. A minimum valve bore diameter of 1.875 inches is required, and the valve’s body
size should be two inches.
Normally, gate valves are
used.
2. Verify that the valve’s body
and flange rating are within
the flow meter’s maximum
operating pressure and temperature.
1.875-inch min.
valve bore
2-inch min.
2-inch
valve size
Isolation Valve Requirements
3. Choose an isolation valve with at least two inches existing between
the flange face and the gate portion of the valve. This ensures that the
flow meter’s sensor head will not interfere with the operation of the
isolation valve.
2-6
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 2 Installation
Cold Tap Guidelines
Refer to a standard code for all pipe tapping operations. The following
tapping instructions are general in nature and intended for guideline purposes only.
Caution!
When using toxic or
corrosive gases, purge
the line with inert gas
for a minimum of four
hours at full gas flow
before installing the
flow meter.
1. Turn off the flow of process gas, liquid or steam. Verify that the line
is not pressurized.
2. Confirm that the installation site meets the minimum upstream and
downstream pipe diameter requirements. See Figure 2-1.
3. Use a cutting torch or sharp cutting tool to tap into the pipe. The pipe
opening must be at least 1.875 inches in diameter. (Do not attempt to
insert the sensor probe through a smaller hole.)
4. Remove all burrs from the tap. Rough edges may cause flow profile
distortions that could affect flow meter accuracy. Also, obstructions
could damage the sensor assembly when inserting into the pipe.
5. After cutting, measure the thickness of the cut-out and record this
number for calculating the insertion depth.
Warning!
All flow meter connections, isolation valves
and fittings for cold tapping must have the same
or higher pressure rating
as the main pipeline.
6. Weld the flow meter pipe connection on the pipe. Make sure
this connection is within ± 5°
perpendicular to the pipe centerline.
7. Install the isolation valve (if
used).
8. When welding is complete and all fittings are installed, close the
isolation valve or cap the line. Run a static pressure check on the
welds. If pressure loss or leaks are detected, repair the joint and retest.
9. Connect the meter to the pipe process connection.
10. Calculate the sensor probe insertion depth and insert the sensor probe
into the pipe as described on the following pages.
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
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Chapter 2 Installation
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Hot Tap Guidelines
Refer to a standard code for all pipe tapping operations. The following
tapping instructions are general in nature and intended for guideline purposes only.
Warning!
Hot tapping must be
performed by a trained
professional. US. regulations
often require a hot tap permit.
The manufacturer of the hot
tap equipment and/or the
contractor performing the hot
tap is responsible for providing proof of such a permit.
1. Confirm that the installation site meets the minimum upstream and
downstream pipe diameter requirements.
2. Weld a two inch mounting adapter on the pipe. Make sure the mounting adapter is within ± 5° perpendicular to the pipe centerline (see
previous page). The pipe opening must be at least 1.875 inches in diameter.
3. Connect a two inch process connection on the mounting adapter.
4. Connect an isolation valve on the process connection. The valve’s full
open bore must be at least 1.875 inches in diameter.
Warning!
All flow meter connections,
isolation valves, and fittings
for hot tapping must have the
same or higher pressure
rating as the main pipeline.
5. Run a static pressure check on the welds. If pressure loss or leaks are
detected, repair the joint and re-test.
6. Connect the hot tapping equipment to the isolation valve, open the
isolation valve and drill at least a 1.875 inch diameter hole.
7. Retract the drill, close the isolation valve, and remove the hot tapping
equipment.
8. Connect the flow meter to the isolation valve and open the isolation
valve.
9. Calculate the sensor probe insertion depth and insert the sensor probe
into the pipe as described on the following pages.
2-8
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 2 Installation
Figure 2-5. Hot Tap Sequence
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
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Chapter 2 Installation
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Flow Meter Insertion
The sensor head must be properly positioned in the pipe. For this reason,
it is important that insertion length calculations are carefully followed. A
sensor probe inserted at the wrong depth in the pipe will result in inaccurate readings.
Insertion flow meters are applicable to pipes 2 inch and larger. For pipe
sizes ten inches and smaller, the centerline of the meter’s sensing head is
located at the pipe’s centerline. For pipe sizes larger than ten inches, the
centerline of the sensing head is located in the pipe’s cross section five
inches from the inner wall of the pipe; i.e., its “wetted” depth from the
wall to the centerline of the sensing head is five inches.
Insertion flow meters are available in three probe lengths:
Standard Probe configuration is used with most flow meter process
connections. The length, S, of the stem is 29.47 inches.
Compact Probe configuration is used with compression fitting process
connections. The length, S, of the stem is 13.1 inches.
12-Inch Extended Probe configuration is used with exceptionally lengthy
flow meter process connections. The length, S, of the stem is 41.47 inches.
Use the Correct Insertion Formula
Depending on your flow meter’s process connection, use the applicable
insertion length formula and installation procedure as follows:
Warning!
An insertion tool must be
used for any installation
where a flow meter is
inserted under pressure
greater than 50 psig.
2-10

Flow meters with a compression type connection (NPT or flanged)
follow the instructions beginning on page 2-11.

Flow meters with a packing gland type connection (NPT or flanged)
configured with an insertion tool, follow the instructions beginning on
page 2-13.

Flow meters with a packing gland type connection (NPT or flanged)
without an insertion tool, follow the instructions beginning on page
2-16.
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 2 Installation
Installing Flow Meters with a Compression Connection*
Use the following formula to determine insertion length for flow meters
(NPT and flanged) with a compression process connection. The installation procedure is given on the next page.
Insertion Length Formula
I=S–F–R–t
Where:
I =
Insertion length.
S=
Stem length – the distance from the center of the sensor head to the base
of the enclosure adapter (S = 29.47 inches for standard probes; S = 13.1
inches for compact; S = 41.47 inches for 12-inch extended).
F = Distance from the raised face of the flange or top of NPT stem housing to
the outside of the pipe wall.
R=
Pipe inside diameter  2 for pipes ten inches and smaller.
R=
Five inches for pipe diameters larger than ten inches.
t =
Thickness of the pipe wall. (Measure the disk cut-out from the tapping
procedure or check a piping handbook for thickness.)
Figure 2-6. Insertion Calculation (Compression Type)
Example:
To install an AX2300 Insertion meter with a standard probe (S = 29.47 inches)
into a 14 inch schedule 40 pipe, the following measurements are taken:
F=3 inches
R=5 inches
t=0.438 inches
The insertion length for this example is 21.03 inches. Insert the stem through
the fitting until an insertion length of 21.03 inches is measured with a ruler.
*All dimensions are in inches
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
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Chapter 2 Installation
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Insertion Procedure for Meters with a Compression Connection
Figure 2-7. Flow Meter with Compression Type Fitting
1. Calculate the required sensor probe insertion length.
Caution!
The sensor alignment
pointer must point
downstream, in the
direction of flow.
2. Fully retract the stem until the sensor head is touching the bottom of
the stem housing. Slightly tighten the compression nut to prevent
slippage.
3. Bolt or screw the flow meter assembly into the process connection.
Use Teflon tape or pipe sealant to improve the seal and prevent seizing on NPT styles.
Warning!
To avoid serious injury,
DO NOT loosen the
compression fitting
under pressure.
4. Hold the meter securely while loosening the compression fitting. Insert the sensor into the pipe until the calculated insertion length, I, is
measured between the base of the enclosure adapter and the top of
the stem housing, or to the raised face of the flanged version. Do
not force the stem into the pipe.
5. Align the sensor head using the sensor alignment pointer. Adjust the
alignment pointer parallel to the pipe and pointing downstream.
6. Tighten the compression fitting to lock the stem in position. When
the compression fitting is tightened, the position is permanent.
2-12
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 2 Installation
Installing Flow Meters with a Packing Gland Connection*
Use the formula below to determine the insertion depth for flow meters
(NPT and flanged) equipped with an insertion tool. To install, see the next
page for instructions for meters with a permanent insertion tool. For meters with a removable insertion tool, see page 2-15.
Insertion Length Formula
I = F + R + t – 1.35
Where:
I = Insertion length.
F = Distance from the raised face of the flange or top of
the process connection for NPT style meters to the top
outside of the process pipe.
R = Pipe inside diameter  2 for pipes ten inches & smaller.
R = Five inches for pipe diameters larger than ten inches.
t = Thickness of the pipe wall. (Measure the disk cutout from the tapping procedure or check a piping handbook for thickness.)
Figure 2-8. Insertion Calculation (Meters with Insertion Tool)
Example 1: Flange Style Meters:
To install an AX2300 Insertion Flow Meter into a 14 inch schedule 40 pipe,
the following measurements are taken:
F =
R =
t =
12 inches
5 inches
0.438 inches
The example insertion length is 16.09 inches.
Example 2: NPT Style Meters:
The length of thread engagement on the NPT style meters is also subtracted in
the equation. The length of the threaded portion of the NPT meter is 1.18
inches. Measure the thread portion still showing after the installation and subtract that amount from 1.18 inches. This gives you the thread engagement
length. If this cannot be measured use .55 inch for this amount.
F =
R =
t =
12 inches
5 inches
0.438 inches
The example insertion length is 15.54 inches.
*All dimensions are in inches.
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
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Chapter 2 Installation
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Insertion Procedure for Flow Meters with Permanent Insertion Tool
Figure 2-9. Flow Meter with Permanent Insertion Tool
Caution!
The sensor alignment
pointer must point
downstream, in the
direction of flow.
Note
If line pressure is above
500 psig, it could require
up to 25 ft lb of torque to
insert the flow meter.
Do not confuse this with
possible interference
in the pipe.
1. Calculate the required sensor probe insertion length (see previous
page). Measure from the depth marker arrow down the stanchion and
scribe a mark at the calculated insertion depth.
2. Fully retract the flow meter until the sensor head is touching the bottom of the stem housing. Attach the meter assembly to the two inch
full-port isolation valve, if used. Use Teflon tape or pipe sealant to
improve seal and prevent seizing on NPT style.
3. Loosen the two packing gland nuts on the stem housing of the meter.
Loosen the stem lock bolt adjacent to the sensor alignment pointer.
Align the sensor head using the sensor alignment pointer. Adjust the
alignment pointer parallel to the pipe and pointing downstream. Tighten
the stem lock bolt to secure the sensor position.
4. Slowly open the isolation valve to the full open position. If necessary,
slightly tighten the two packing gland nuts to reduce the leakage
around the stem.
5. Turn the insertion tool handle clockwise to insert the sensor head into
the pipe. Continue until the top of the upper retractor bracket aligns
with the insertion length position scribed on the stanchion. Do not
force the stem into the pipe.
6. Tighten the packing gland nuts to stop leakage around the stem. Do
not torque over 20 ft-lb.
2-14
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 2 Installation
Insertion Procedure for Flow Meters with Removable Insertion Tool
Figure 2-10. Flow Meter with Removable Insertion Tool
Caution!
The sensor alignment
pointer must point
downstream, in the
direction of flow.
1. Calculate the required sensor probe insertion length. Measure from
the depth marker arrow down the stanchion and scribe a mark at the
calculated insertion depth.
2. Fully retract the flow meter until the sensor head is touching the bottom of the stem housing. Attach the meter assembly to the two inch
full-port isolation valve, if used. Use Teflon tape or pipe sealant to
improve seal and prevent seizing on NPT style.
3. Remove the two top stem clamp nuts and loosen two stem clamp
bolts. Slide the stem clamp away to expose the packing gland nuts.
Note
If line pressure is above
500 psig, it could require
up to 25 ft lb of torque to
insert the flow meter.
Do not confuse this with
possible interference
in the pipe.
4. Loosen the two packing gland nuts. Loosen the stem lock bolt adjacent to the sensor alignment pointer. Align the sensor head using the
sensor alignment pointer. Adjust the alignment pointer parallel to the
pipe and pointing downstream. Tighten the stem lock bolt to secure
the sensor position.
5. Slowly open the isolation valve to the full open position. If necessary,
slightly tighten the two packing gland nuts to reduce the leakage
around the stem.
6. Turn the insertion tool handle clockwise to insert the stem into the
pipe. Continue until the top of the upper retractor bracket lines up
with the insertion length mark scribed on the stanchion. Do not force
the stem into the pipe.
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
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Chapter 2 Installation
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
7. Tighten the packing gland nuts to stop leakage around the stem. Do not
torque over 20 ft-lbs.
8. Slide the stem clamp back into position. Torque stem clamp bolts to 15
ft-lbs. Replace the stem clamp nuts and torque to 10-15 ft-lbs.
9. To separate the insertion tool from the flow meter, remove four socket
head cap bolts securing the upper and lower retractor brackets. Remove
the insertion tool.
Installation of Meters with Packing Gland Connection (No Insertion Tool)*
Use the following formula to determine insertion depth for meters with a
packing gland connection (NPT and flanged) without an insertion tool.
Insertion Length Formula
I=S–F–R–t
Where:
I = Insertion length.
S = Stem length – the distance from the
center of the sensor head to the base of the
enclosure adapter (S = 29.47 inches for
standard probes; S = 41.47 inches for 12 inch
extended probes).
F = Distance from the raised face of the
flange or top of NPT stem housing to the
outside of the pipe wall.
R = Pipe inside diameter  2 for pipes ten
inches & smaller.
R = Five inches for pipe diameters larger than ten
inches.
t = Thickness of the pipe wall. (Measure the disk
cut-out from the tapping procedure or check a piping
handbook for thickness.)
Figure 2-11. Insertion Calculation (Meters without Insertion Tool)
Example:
To install an AX2300 Insertion Flow Meter with a standard probe (S =
29.47) into a 14 inch schedule 40 pipe, the following measurements are
taken:
F = 3 inches
R = 5 inches
t = 0.438 inches
The example insertion length is 21.03 inches.
*All dimensions are in inches.
2-16
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 2 Installation
Insertion Procedure for Flow Meters with No Insertion Tool
(Packing Gland Connection)
1. Calculate the required sensor probe insertion length.
Warning!
The line pressure
must be less than
50 psig for installation.
2. Fully retract the stem until the sensor head is touching the bottom of the
stem housing. Remove the two top stem clamp nuts and loosen two
stem clamp bolts. Slide the stem clamp away to expose the packing
gland nuts. Loosen the two packing gland nuts.
3. Align the sensor head using the sensor alignment pointer. Adjust the
alignment pointer parallel to the pipe and pointing downstream.
Caution!
The sensor alignment
pointer must point
downstream, in the
direction of flow.
4. Insert the sensor head into the pipe until insertion length, I, is
achieved. Do not force the stem into the pipe.
5. Tighten the packing gland nuts to stop leakage around the stem. Do
not torque over 20 ft-lbs.
6. Slide the stem clamp back into position. Torque stem clamp bolts to
15 ft-lbs. Replace the stem clamp nuts and torque to 10-15 ft-lbs.
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
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Chapter 2 Installation
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Adjusting Meter Orientation
Depending on installation requirements, you may need to adjust the meter
orientation. There are two adjustments available. The first rotates the position of the LCD display/keypad and is available on both in-line and insertion meters. The second is to rotate the enclosure position. This adjustment is only allowed on AX2200 In-Line meters.
Display/Keypad Adjustment (All Meters)
Figure 2-12. Display/Keypad Viewing Adjustment
The electronics boards are electrostatically sensitive. Wear a grounding
wrist strap and make sure to observe proper handling precautions required
for static-sensitive components. To adjust the display:
1. Disconnect power to the flow meter.
2. Loosen the small set screw which secures the electronics enclosure
cover. Unscrew and remove the cover.
3. Loosen the 4 captive screws.
4. Carefully pull the display/microprocessor board away from the meter
standoffs. Make sure not to damage the connected ribbon cable.
5. Rotate the display/microprocessor board to the desired position. Maximum turn, two positions left or two positions right (180-degrees).
6. Align the board with the captive screws. Check that the ribbon cable
is folded neatly behind the board with no twists or crimps.
7. Tighten the screws. Replace the cover and set screw. Restore power to
the meter.
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Chapter 2 Installation
Enclosure Adjustment (AX2200 Models Only)
Figure 2-13. Enclosure Viewing Adjustment
To avoid damage to the sensor wires, do not rotate the enclosure beyond
180-degrees from the original position. To adjust the enclosure:
1. Remove power to the flow meter.
2. Loosen the three set screws shown above. Rotate the display to the
desired position (maximum 180-degrees).
3. Tighten the three set screws. Restore power to the meter.
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AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Loop Power Flow Meter Wiring Connections
Warning!
To avoid potential electric
shock, follow National Electric
Code safety practices or your
local code when wiring this
unit to a power source and to
peripheral devices. Failure to
do so could result in injury or
death. All wiring procedures
must be performed with the
power off.
The NEMA 4X enclosure contains an integral wiring compartment with one dual
strip terminal block (located in the smaller end of the enclosure). Two 3/4-inch
female NPT conduit entries are available for separate power and signal wiring.
For all hazardous area installations, make sure to use an agency-approved fitting
at each conduit entry. If conduit seals are used, they must be installed within 18
inches (457 mm) of the enclosure.
Figure 2-14. Loop Power Wiring Terminals
Input Power Connections
To access the wiring terminal blocks, locate and loosen the small set
screw which locks the small enclosure cover in place. Unscrew the cover
to expose the terminal block.
DC Power Wiring
Connect 4-20 mA loop power (12 to 36 VDC at 25 mA, 1W max.) to the
+Loop Power and –Loop Power terminals on the terminal block. Torque
all connections to 4.43 to 5.31 in-lbs (0.5 to 0.6 Nm). The DC power wire
size must be 20 to 10 AWG with the wire stripped 1/4 inch (7 mm).
Figure 2-15. DC Power Connections
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Chapter 2 Installation
4-20 mA Output Connections
The AX2000 Series meter has a single 4-20 mA loop. The 4-20 mA loop
current is controlled by the meter electronics. The electronics must be
wired in series with the sense resistor or current meter. The current control electronics require 12 volts at the input terminals to operate correctly.
The maximum loop resistance (load) for the current loop output is dependent upon the supply voltage and is given in Figure 2-16. The 4-20
mA loop is optically isolated from the flow meter electronics.
Rload is the total resistance in the loop, including the wiring resistance
(Rload = Rwire + Rsense ). To calculate Rmax, the maximum Rload for the loop,
subtract the minimum terminal voltage from the supply voltage and divide
by the maximum loop current, 20 mA. Thus:
The maximum resistance Rload = Rmax = (Vsupply – 12V) / 0.020 A
Figure 2-16. Load Resistance Versus Input Voltage
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AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Pulse Output Connections
The pulse output is used for a remote counter. When the preset volume or
mass (defined in the totalizer settings, see page 3-10) has passed the meter, the output provides a 50 millisecond square pulse.
The pulse output requires a separate 5 to 36 VDC power supply. The
pulse output optical relay is a normally-open single-pole relay. The relay
has a nominal 200 volt/160 ohm rating. This means that it has a nominal
on-resistance of 160 ohms, and the largest voltage that it can withstand
across the output terminals is 200 volts. However, there are current and
power specifications that must be observed. The relay can conduct a current up to 40 mA and can dissipate up to 320 mW. The relay output is isolated from the meter electronics and power supply.
Figure 2-17. Isolated Pulse Output Using External Power Supply
Figure 2-18. Non-Isolated Pulse Output Using External Power Supply
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Chapter 2 Installation
Frequency Output Connections
The frequency output is used for a remote counter. It can be scaled to output a 1 to 10 kHz signal proportional to mass or volume flow, temperature, pressure or density.
The frequency output requires a separate 5 to 36 VDC power supply;
however, there are current and power specifications that must be observed. The output can conduct a current up to 40 mA and can dissipate
up to 200 mW. The output is isolated from the meter electronics and power supply.
Figure 2-19. Isolated Frequency Output Using External Power Supply
Figure 2-20. Non-Isolated Frequency Output Using External Power Supply
Optional Backlight Connection
The loop power meter has an optional backlight connection provided. It is
intended to be powered by a separate 12 to 36 VDC at 35 mA max. power
supply or by the pulse power input. Both options are shown below.
F
igure 2-21.Backlight Using External Power Supply
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Remote Electronics Wiring
The remote electronics enclosure should be mounted in a convenient, easy
to reach location. For hazardous location installations, make sure to observe agency requirements for installation. Allow some slack in the interface cable between the junction box and the remote electronics enclosure.
To prevent damage to the wiring connections, do not put stress on the
terminations at any time.
The meter is shipped with temporary strain relief glands at each end of the
cable. Disconnect the cable from the meter’s terminal block inside the
junction box–not at the remote electronics enclosure. Remove both glands
and install appropriate conduit entry glands and conduit. When installation is complete, re-connect each labeled wire to the corresponding terminal position on the junction box terminal block. Make sure to connect
each wire pair’s shield. Note: incorrect connection will cause the meter to
malfunction.
Note: Numeric code in junction box label matches wire labels.
NOT USED
FLOW
BLK 1
RED 1
BLK 2
RED 2
SHLD 1&2
NOT USED
Figure 2-22. Loop Power Volumetric Flowmeter Junction Box Sensor Connections
(Wires enter the flow connector from the left side of the connector shown
above.)
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Chapter 2 Installation
Figure 2-23. Loop Power Volumetric Flowmeter Junction Box Sensor Connections
Supplied Prior to Jan. 1, 2014 (Wires enter the flow connector from the right side
of the connector shown above.)
TEMPERATURE
SHLD 5&6
RED 6
BLK 6
BLK 5
RED 5
VORTEX
BLK 1
RED 1
BLK 2
RED 2
SHLD 1&2
SHLD 3&4
BLK 3
BLK 4
RED 4
RED 3
PRESSURE
Figure 2-24. Loop Power Mass Flowmeter Junction Box Sensor Connections
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AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
High Power Meter Wiring Connections
Warning!
To avoid potential electric shock, follow
National Electric Code safety practices or
your local code when wiring this unit to a
power source and to peripheral devices.
Failure to do so could result in injury or
death. All AC power connections must be
in accordance with published CE directives. All wiring procedures must be performed with the power off.
The NEMA 4X enclosure contains an integral wiring compartment with one
dual strip terminal block (located in the smaller end of the enclosure). Two
3/4-inch female NPT conduit entries are available for separate power and
signal wiring. For all hazardous area installations, make sure to use an agency-approved fitting at each conduit entry. If conduit seals are used, they
must be installed within 18 inches (457 mm) of the enclosure.
Figure 2-25. AC Wiring Terminals
Input Power Connections
To access the wiring terminal blocks, locate and loosen the small set
screw which locks the small enclosure cover in place. Unscrew the cover
to expose the terminal block.
AC Power Wiring
The AC power wire size must be 20 to 10 AWG with the wire stripped 1/4
inch (7 mm). The wire insulation temperature must meet or exceed 85°C
Caution! (185°F). Connect 100 to 240 VAC (5 W maximum) to the Hot and Neutral
The AC wire insulation temperature rating terminals on the terminal block. Connect the ground wire to the safety
must meet or exceed 85°C (185°F). ground lug ( ). Torque all connections to 4.43 to 5.31 in-lbs (0.5 to 0.6
Nm). Use a separate conduit entry for signal lines to reduce the possibility of
AC noise interference.
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Chapter 2 Installation
Figure 2-26. AC Power Connections
Figure 2-27. DC Wiring Terminals
DC Power Wiring
Caution!
The DC wire insulation temperature rating
must meet or exceed 85°C (185°F).
The DC power wire size must be 20 to 10 AWG with the wire stripped
1/4 inch (7 mm). Connect 18 to 36 VDC (300 mA, 9 W maximum) to the
+DC Pwr and –DC Pwr terminals on the terminal block.
Torque all connections to 4.43 to 5.31 in-lbs (0.5 to 0.6 Nm).
Figure 2-28. DC Power Connections
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AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
4-20 mA Output Connections
The standard AX2000 Series Flow Meter has a single 4-20 mA loop. Two
additional loops are available on the optional communication board. The
4-20 mA loop current is controlled by the meter electronics. The electronics must be wired in series with the sense resistor or current meter. The
current control electronics require 12 volts at the input terminals to operate correctly.
The maximum loop resistance (load) for the current loop output is dependent upon the supply voltage and is given in Figure 2-26. The 4-20 mA loop
is optically isolated from the flow meter electronics.
Rload is the total resistance in the loop, including the wiring resistance
(Rload = Rwire + Rsense ). To calculate Rmax, the maximum Rload for the loop,
subtract the minimum terminal voltage from the supply voltage and divide
by the maximum loop current, 20 mA. Thus:
The maximum resistance Rload = Rmax = (Vsupply – 12V) / 0.020 A
Figure 2-29. Load Resistance Versus Input Voltage
RL > 250
For Hart Communications
signal loop must have a
minimum of 250 ohms load
resistance R L
Figure 2-30. Isolated 4–20 mA Output Using External Power Supply
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Chapter 2 Installation
Figure 2-31. Non-Isolated 4–20 mA Output Using Meter Input Power Supply
Figure 2-32. Isolated 4–20 mA Output Using Meter Provided Power Supply
Frequency Output Connections
The frequency output is used for a remote counter. It can be scaled to output a 1 to 10 kHz signal proportional to mass or volume flow, temperature, pressure or density.
The frequency output requires a separate 5 to 36 VDC power supply;
however, there are current and power specifications that must be observed. The output can conduct a current up to 40 mA and can dissipate
up to 200 mW. The output is isolated from the meter electronics and power supply.
There are three connection options for the frequency output–the first with a
separate power supply (Figure 2-32), the second using the flow meter power
supply (Figure 2-33)(DC powered units only), and the third using the internal 24 VDC power supply (Figure 2-34)(AC powered units only). Use the
first option with a separate power supply (5 to 36 VDC) if a specific voltage
is needed for the frequency output. Use the second configuration if the voltage at the flow meter power supply is an acceptable driver voltage for the
load connected. (Take into account that the current used by the frequency
load comes from the meter’s power supply). Use the third configuration if
you have an AC powered unit only. In any case, the voltage of the frequency output is the same as the voltage supplied to the circuit.
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AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
AC or DC powered meters
Figure 2-33. Isolated Frequency Output Using External Power Supply
PWR
PWR
DC Powered meters only
Figure 2-34. Non-Isolated Frequency Output Using Input Power Supply
+ 24 VDC Out
- 24 VDC Out
AC units only
Meter provided DC Power
Figure 2-35. Isolated Frequency Output Using Meter Provided Power Supply
Pulse Output Connections
The pulse output is used for a remote counter. When the preset volume or
mass (defined in the totalizer settings, see page 3-10) has passed the meter, the output provides a 50 millisecond square pulse.
The pulse output optical relay is a normally-open single-pole relay. The
relay has a nominal 200 volt/160 ohm rating. This means that it has a
nominal on-resistance of 160 ohms, and the largest voltage that it can
withstand across the output terminals is 200 volts. However, there are current and power specifications that must be observed. The relay can conduct a current up to 40 mA and can dissipate up to 320 mW. The relay
output is isolated from the meter electronics and power supply.
There are three connection options for the pulse output–the first with a separate power supply (Figure 2-30), the second using the flow meter power
supply (Figure 2-31)(DC powered units only), and the third using the internal 24 VDC power supply (Figure 2-32)(AC powered units only). Use the
first option with a separate power supply (5 to 36 VDC) if a specific voltage
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Chapter 2 Installation
is needed for the pulse output. Use the second configuration if the voltage at
the flow meter power supply is an acceptable driver voltage for the load
connected. (Take into account that the current used by the pulse load comes
from the meter’s power supply). Use the third configuration if you have an
AC powered unit only. In any case, the voltage of the pulse output is the
same as the voltage supplied to the circuit.
Figure 2-36. Isolated Pulse Output Using External Power Supply
Figure 2-37. Non-Isolated Pulse Output Using Input Power Supply
+ 24 VDC Out
- 24 VDC Out
AC units only
Meter provided DC Power
Figure 2-38. Isolated Pulse Output Using Meter Provided Power Supply
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AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Alarm Output Connections
One alarm output (Alarm 1) is included on the standard AX2000 Series
Flow Meter. Two or more alarms (Alarm 2 and Alarm 3) are included on
the optional communication board. The alarm output optical relays are
normally-open single-pole relays. The relays have a nominal 200 volt/160
ohm rating. This means that each relay has a nominal on-resistance of 160
ohms and the largest voltage that it can withstand across the output terminals is 200 volts. However, there are current and power specifications that
must be observed. The relay can conduct a current up to 40 mA and can
dissipate up to 320 mW. The relay output is isolated from the meter electronics and power supply. When the alarm relay is closed, the current
draw will be constant. Make sure to size Rload appropriately.
There are three connection options for the alarm output–the first with a separate power supply (Figure 2-33), the second using the flow meter power
supply (Figure 2-34)(DC powered units only) and the third with the meter
provided power supply (Figure 2-35)(AC powered units only). Use the first
option with a separate power supply (5 to 36 VDC) if a specific voltage is
needed for the alarm output. Use the second configuration if the voltage at
the flow meter power supply is an acceptable driver voltage for the load
connected. (Take into account that the current used by the alarm load comes
from the meter’s power supply). Use the third if you have an AC powered
unit only. In any case, the voltage of the alarm output is the same as the
voltage supplied to the circuit.
The alarm output is used for transmitting high or low process conditions
as defined in the alarm settings (see page 3-9).
Figure 2-39. Isolated Alarm Output Using External Power Supply
Figure 2-40. Non-Isolated Alarm Output Using Internal Power Supply
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Chapter 2 Installation
Figure 2-41. Isolated Alarm Output Using Meter Provided Power Supply
Remote Electronics Wiring
The remote electronics enclosure should be mounted in a convenient, easy
to reach location. For hazardous location installations, make sure to observe agency requirements for installation. Allow some slack in the interface cable between the junction box and the remote electronics enclosure.
To prevent damage to the wiring connections, do not put stress on the
terminations at any time.
The meter is shipped with temporary strain relief glands at each end of the
cable. Disconnect the cable from the meter’s terminal block inside the
junction box–not at the remote electronics enclosure. Remove both glands
and install appropriate conduit entry glands and conduit. When installation is complete, re-connect each labeled wire to the corresponding terminal position on the junction box terminal block. Make sure to connect
each wire pair’s shield. Note: incorrect connection will cause the meter to
malfunction.
Figure 2-42. High Power Flow Meter Junction Box Sensor Connections
Note: Numeric code in junction box label matches wire labels.
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AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Optional Input Electronics Wiring
The meter has two optional input wiring terminals. These can be used to
input a Remote or Second RTD input in the case of an Energy Monitoring
meter, for the input of a Remote Pressure Transducer, to pass a Contact
Closure or for a Remote Density measurement to name a few. In any
case, the wiring diagram will be included with the meter if any of the options are specified. Otherwise, the optional terminal blocks will be left
blank and non functional.
Optional Energy EMS RTD Input Wiring
Figure 2-43.Optional Energy EMS RTD Input Wiring
The recommended customer supplied second RTD is a Class A 1000 ohm
4-wire platinum RTD. If a second RTD is not being used, then the factory
supplied 1000 ohm resistor needs to be installed in its place.
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Chapter 2 Installation
Optional External 4-20 mA Input Wiring
The meter is set to have Option 1 used for the external input. Programming menus that pertain to the optional 4-20 mA input are located in the
Hidden Diagnostics Menu in Chapter 5.
Figure 2-44. External 4-20 mA Input Wiring - External Power Supply
Follow the above diagram to wire the external 4-20 mA input into the
flow meter using an external power supply.
1
Option1
2 3 4
5
1
Option2
2 3 4
5
DC powered meter only.
DC PWR
+ DC PWR
DC COMMON
- DC PWR
Ext. 4-20 mA
Input Device
Figure 2-45. External 4-20 mA Input Wiring - DC Powered Meter
Follow the above diagram to wire the external 4-20 mA input into the
flow meter using power supplied to the input of a DC powered meter.
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
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Chapter 2 Installation
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Figure 2-46. External 4-20 mA Input Wiring - AC Powered Meter
Follow the above diagram to wire the external 4-20 mA input into the
flow meter using power from the 24 VDC output of an AC powered meter.
Optional Contact Closure Input Wiring
Figure 2-47. Optional Contact Closure Input Wiring
Follow the above diagram to wire an external switch input into the flow
meter. The meter is configured to have Option 1 used for the external input. If the above switch is used to remotely reset the totalizer a pushbutton switch with a momentary contact closure is recommended.
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Chapter 3 Operation
Chapter 3 Operating Instructions
After installing the AX2000 Series Vortex Flow Meter, you are
ready to begin operation. The sections in this chapter explain the
display/keypad commands, meter start-up and programming. The
meter is ready to operate at start up without any special programming. To enter parameters and system settings unique to
your operation, see the following pages for instructions on using
the setup menus.
Flow Meter Display/Keypad
Pro-VTM
VorTek
Instruments,
LLC
The flow meter’s digital electronics allow you to set, adjust and
monitor system parameters and performance. A full range of
commands are available through the display/keypad. The LCD
display gives 2 x 16 characters for flow monitoring and programming. The six push-buttons can be operated with the enclosure cover removed. Or, the explosion-proof cover can remain
in place and the keypad operated with a hand-held magnet positioned at the side of the enclosure as shown in the illustration at
the left.
Figure 3-1. Flow Meter Display/Keypad
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
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Chapter 3 Operation
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Start-Up
To begin flow meter operation:
1. Verify the flow meter is installed and wired as described in Chapter 2.
2. Apply power to the meter. At start up, the unit runs a series of selfNote
Starting the flow meter
or pressing EXIT will
always display the
Run Mode screens.
tests that check the RAM, ROM, EPROM and all flow sensing components. After completing the self-test sequence, the Run Mode
screens appear.
3. The Run Mode displays flow information as determined by system
settings. Some screens depicted on the next page may not be displayed based on these settings. Press the  arrow keys to view
the Run Mode screens.
4. Press the ENTER key from any Run Mode screen to access the Setup
Menus. Use the Setup Menus to configure the meter’s multiparameter features to fit your application.
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Chapter 3 Operation
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
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Chapter 3 Operation
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Using the Setup Menus
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Chapter 3 Operation
Programming the Flow Meter
1. Enter the Setup Menu by pressing the ENTER key until prompted for a password. (All
outputs are disabled while using the Setup Menus.)
2. Use the  keys to select the password characters (1234 is the factory-set
password). When the password is correctly displayed, press ENTER to continue.
3. Use the Setup Menus described on the following pages to customize the multiparameter features of your AX2000 Series Flow Meter. (The entire lower display line is
available for entering parameters.) Some items depicted in the graphic on the
preceding page may not be displayed based on flow meter configuration settings
4. To activate a parameter, press ENTER. Use the  keys to make selections. Press
ENTER to continue. Press EXIT to save or discard changes and return to Run Mode.
5. Program the UNITS menu first because later menus will be based on the units
selected.
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Chapter 3 Operation
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Output Menu
Run Mode
ENTER
Password
ENTER
Output
Menu
4-20 mA Output 1
More >
Use
keys to access menus
< Measure >
None
Mass
Volume
*** Energy
Temp 1,2
Press
Density
< 4 mA = xxxx >
xxxx
< 20mA = xxxx >
xxxx
< Time Const (Sec)
xxxx
***
see
< Measure >
None
Mass
Volume
*** Energy
Temp 1,2
Press
Density
< 4 mA = xxxx >
xxxx
< 20mA = xxxx >
xxxx
< Time Const (Sec)
xxxx
***
see
< Measure >
None
Mass
Volume
*** Energy
Temp 1,2
Press
Density
< 4 mA = xxxx >
xxxx
< 20mA = xxxx >
xxxx
< Time Const (Sec)
xxxx
< Max Hz = (units) >
xxxx
< Time Const (Sec)
xxxx
***
see
below
* see below
4-20 mA Output 2
More >
below
* see below
4-20 mA Output 3
More >
below
Scaled Frequency
More >
** see below
** see below
3-6
Modbus Units
(Internal/Display)
Modbus Order
0-1:2-3
3-2:1-0
2-3:0-1
1-0:3-2
** see below
Comm Protocol
Modbus RTU
(None1, None2,
Odd, Even)
** see below
Baud Rate
19200
** see below
Address
1
****see below
< Measure >
None
Mass
Volume
*** Energy
Temp 1,2
Press
Density
< Max. Frequency >
xxxxx
BACnet Device ID
xxx
< 0 Hz = (units) >
xxxx
- Physical Layer not available on Two
Wire Mass – Accessible via HART
not available on Two
** - Modbus
Wire Mass
Energy
available
on EMS meters only
***
*
**** - BACnet meters only
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 3 Operation
Example for Setting an Output
The following shows how to set Output 1 to measure mass flow with 4 mA = 0 lb/hr and 20 mA = 100 lb/hr with
a time constant of 5 seconds. (All outputs are disabled while using the Setup Menus.)
First, set the desired units of measurement:
1. Use  keys to move to the Units Menu (see page 3-12).
2. Press  key until Mass Flow Unit appears. Press ENTER.
3. Press  key until lb appears in the numerator. Press  key to move the underline cursor to the
denominator. Press the  key until hr appears in the denominator. Press ENTER to select.
4. Press  key until Units Menu appears.
Second, set the analog output:
1. Use  keys to move to the Output Menu.
2. Press the  key until 4-20 mA Output 1 appears.
3. Press  key to access Measure selections. Press ENTER and press the  key to select Mass. Press ENTER.
4. Press  key to set the 4 mA point in the units you have selected for mass of lb/hr. Press ENTER and
use  keys to set 0 or 0.0. Press ENTER.
5. Press  key to set the 20 mA point. Press ENTER and use  keys to set 100 or 100.0. Press ENTER.
6. Press  key to select the Time Constant. Press ENTER and use  keys to select 5. Press ENTER.
7. Press the EXIT key and answer YES to permanently save your changes.
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AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Display Menu
ENTER
Run Mode
Password
ENTER
Display
Menu
Use
keys to access menus
Cycle Time (sec)
0
If Cycle Time is set to zero, manual advance is required
Number of Digits
2
Used to set the number of digits displayed after the decimal point
Display TC (sec)
1
TC = Display Time constant, used to smooth display
MF Vf Te Pr De T
Y or N
A1 A2 A3 Fl Dt E
Y or N
MF = Mass Flow
Vf = Volume Flow
Te = Temperature
Pr = Pressure
De = Density
T = Total
A1 = Alarm 1 Status
A2 = Alarm 2 Status
A3 = Alarm 3 Status
Fl = Fluid
Dt = Density
* E = Energy
For each parameter:
Select Yes to view parameter in Run Mode
Select No to hide parameter in Run Mode
* Energy EMS Meters Only
Use the Display Menu to set the cycle time for automatic screen sequencing used in the Run
Mode, change the precision of displayed values, smooth the values or enable or disable each item
displayed in the Run Mode screens.
Example for Changing a Run Mode Display Item
The following shows how to remove the temperature screen from the Run Mode screens. Note: all outputs
are disabled while using the Setup Menus.
1. Use  keys to move to the Display Menu.
2. Press  key until Mf Vf Pr Te De T appears.
3. Press ENTER to select. Press  key until the cursor is positioned below Te.
4. Press  key until N appears. Press ENTER to select.
5. Press EXIT and then ENTER to save changes and return to the Run Mode.
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Chapter 3 Operation
Alarms Menu
Example for Setting an Alarm
The following shows how to set Relay Alarm 1 to activate if the mass flow rate is greater than 100 lb/hr. You can
check the alarm configuration in the Run Mode by pressing the  keys until Alarm [1] appears. The lower line
displays the mass flow rate at which the alarm activates. Note: all outputs are disabled while using the Setup Menus.
First, set the desired units of measurement:
1. Use  keys to move to the Units Menu (see to page 3-12).
2. Press  key until Mass Flow Unit appears. Press ENTER.
3. Press  key until lb appears in the numerator. Press  key to move the underline cursor to the
denominator. Press the  key until hr appears in the denominator. Press ENTER to select.
4. Press  key until Units Menu appears.
Second, set the alarm:
1. Use  keys to move to the Alarms Menu.
2. Press the  key until Relay Alarm 1 appears.
3. Press  key to access Measure selections. Press ENTER and use the  key to select Mass. Press ENTER.
4. Press  key to select the alarm Mode. Press ENTER and use  key to select HIGH Alarm. Press ENTER.
5. Press  key to select the value that must be exceeded before the alarm activates. Press ENTER and use
 keys to set 100 or 100.0. Press ENTER.
6. Press the EXIT key to save your changes. (Alarm changes are always permanently saved.)
(Up to three relay alarm outputs are available depending on meter configuration.)
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
3-9
Chapter 3 Operation
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Totalizer #1 Menu
Run Mode
ENTER
Password
ENTER
Totalizer
Menu
Use
keys to access menus
Totaling
Inactive
Mass
Volume
Energy
Example:
Maximum flow rate = 600 gallons per minute
(600 gallons per minute = 10 gallons per second)
(unit) / Pulse
xxxx
If unit per pulse is set to 600 gallons per pulse,
the totalizer will pulse once every minute.
Reset Total ?
YES or NO
If unit per pulse is set to 10 gallons per pulse,
the totalizer will pulse once every second.
Use the Totalizer Menu to configure and monitor the totalizer. The totalizer output is a 50 millisecond
(.05 second) positive pulse (relay closed for 50 milliseconds). The totalizer cannot operate faster than
one pulse every 100 millisecond (.1 second). A good rule to follow is to set the unit per pulse value
equal to the maximum flow in the same units per second. This will limit the pulse to no faster than
one pulse every second.
Example for Setting the Totalizer
The following shows how to set the totalizer to track mass flow in kg/sec. (All outputs are disabled while using
the Setup Menus.)
First, set the desired units of measurement:
1. Use  keys to move to the Units Menu (see to page 3-12).
2. Press  key until Mass Flow Unit appears. Press ENTER.
3. Press  key until kg appears in the numerator. Press  key to move the underline cursor to the
denominator. Press the  key until sec appears in the denominator. Press ENTER to select.
4. Press  key until Units Menu appears.
Second, set the pulse output:
1. Use  keys to move to the Totalizer Menu.
2. Press the  key until Totaling appears.
3. Press ENTER and press the  key to select Mass. Press ENTER.
4. Press  key to set the pulse output in the units you have selected for mass flow of kg/sec. Press
ENTER and use  keys to set the pulse value equal to the maximum flow in the same units per
second. Press ENTER.
5. To reset the totalizer, press  key until Reset Total? appears. Press ENTER and the  key to reset the
totalizer if desired. Press ENTER.
6. Press the EXIT key and answer YES to permanently save your changes.
3-10
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 3 Operation
Totalizer #2 Menu
Run Mode
ENTER
Password
ENTER
Totalizer
Menu
Use
keys to access menus
Totaling
Inactive
Mass
Volume
Energy
Reset Total ?
YES or NO
Use the Totalizer #2 to Monitor Flow or Energy. Note that Totalizer #2 does not operate a relay, it is
for monitoring only.
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
3-11
Chapter 3 Operation
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Energy Menu – For EMS Energy Meters Only
Configuration:
There are several possibilities regarding the measurement of water or steam energy given the location
of the meter and the use of a second RTD. The table below summarizes the possibilities:
Fluid
Water
Water
Water
Steam
Meter Location
“Sent” Flow Line
“Return” Flow Line
“Sent” Flow Line
“Sent” Flow Line
Steam
“Sent” Flow Line
Second RTD
“Return Flow Line
“Sent” Flow Line
None
“Return” Flow Line
(condensate)
None
Measurement
Change in Energy
Change in Energy
Outgoing Energy
Change in Energy
Outgoing Energy
As above, you must properly configure the meter in the Energy Menu.
1. Loc in Sent Flow? Select Yes or No based on where the meter is located. Refer to the above
table
2. Heating System? Select Yes for a hot water system used for heating. Select No for a chilled
water system used for cooling. Always select Yes for a steam system.
3. % Returned. Select a number between 0% and 100%. Estimate the amount of water that returns.
It is usually 100%, or can be less than 100% if historical data shows the amount of makeup water
used. If a second RTD is not used, set to 0%. When 0% is selected, the energy calculation
represents the outgoing energy only (no return energy is subtracted). NOTE: the meter ships
from the factory assuming 0% return and has a 1000 ohm resistor installed in the RTD #2
wiring location. This needs to be removed if the meter is to be used in a manner other than
with 0% return and with the customer supplied RTD in its place.
3-12
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 3 Operation
Fluid Menu
Use the Fluid Menu to configure the flow meter for use with common gases, liquids and steam. Your
flow meter is pre-programmed at the factory for your application’s process fluid.
Reference Richard W. Miller, Flow Measurement Engineering Handbook (Third Edition, 1996),
page 2-75 for definition and use of the Goyal-Doraiswamy equation and page 2-76 for the
definition and use of the API 2540 equation. Also, see Appendix C for Fluid Calculation
equations.
The units of measurement used in the Fluid Menu are preset and are as follows:
Mole Weight = lbm/(lbm·mol), CRIT PRESS = psia, CRIT TEMP = °R, Density = Kg/m3 and
Viscosity = cP (centipoise).
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
3-13
Chapter 3 Operation
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Units Menu
Use the Units Menu to configure the flow meter with the desired units of measurement. (These
are global settings and determine what appears on all screens.
3-14
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 3 Operation
Time & Date Menu
Use the Time and Date Menu to enter the correct time and date into the flow meter’s
memory. The parameters are used in the Run Mode and the alarm and system log
files.
Note: Time is displayed in AM/PM format, but military format is used to set the time.
For example, 1:00 PM is entered as 13:00:00 in the Set Time menu.
Example for Setting the Time
How to set the time to 12:00:00. You can check the time in the Run Mode by pressing the  keys
until the Time & Date screen appears. Note: all outputs are disabled while using the Setup Menus.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Use  keys to move to the Time and Date Menu.
Press  key until Set Time appears. Press ENTER.
Press  key until 1 appears. Press  key to move the underline cursor to the next digit.
Press the  key until 2 appears. Continue sequence until all desired parameters are entered. Press ENTER to return to the Time and Date Menu.
Press EXIT to return to the Run Mode.
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
3-15
Chapter 3 Operation
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Diagnostics Menu
Run Mode
ENTER
Password
ENTER
Diagnositcs
Menu
Simulate Vortex
Frequency (Hz)
Sim Vor Freq
xxx
* Simulate Temperature
Sim Temp 1, 2
xxx
* Simulate Pressure
Sim Pressure
xxx
Highest Recorded
Velocity
Highest Velocity
xxx
Highest Recorded
Temperature
Highest Temp 1, 2
xxx
Highest Recorded
Pressure
Highest Pressure
xxx
Highest Electronics
Temperature
Highest Int Temp
xx
Lowest Electronics
Temperature
Lowest Int Temp
xx
Use
keys to access menus
* The unit of measure of the displayed value is the
same as the unit configured for the flow meter.
For a V model in any fluid, enter nominal operating temperature and
pressure as simulated values in the diagnostics menu.
For a VT model in any fluid except steam, enter nominal operating
pressure as a simulated value in the diagnostics menu.
Momentarily displayed
System LOG
xx Files (ENTER)
Clear Sys LOG?
YES or NO
SysLog File #xx
System Log File
Use Left and Right
arrows to access all
system log files
Time
Date
Press EXIT to return
to System LOG
Use the Diagnostics Menu to simulate operation and review the system files. The system log files
contain time/date stamped messages including: power on, power off, programming time outs,
parameter faults, incorrect password entry and other various information relative to system
operation and programming.
The simulated inputs are for testing the meter to verify that the programming is correct. They are
also used to enter nominal operating temperature and pressure for the V only model. Simulated
vortex frequency allows you to enter any value for the sensor input in Hz. The meter will
calculate a flow rate based on the corresponding value and update all analog outputs (the
totalizer display and output is not affected by a simulated frequency). The simulated pressure
and temperature settings work the same way. The meter will output these new values and will use
them to calculate a new density for mass flow measurement. Note: when your diagnostic work is
complete, make sure to return the values to zero to allow the electronics to use the actual
transducer values. For the V only model keep the temperature and pressure at nominal operating
conditions.
3-16
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 3 Operation
If the meter display indicates a temperature or pressure fault, a substitute value can be entered to
allow flow calculations to continue at a fixed value until the source of the fault is identified and
corrected. The units of measure of the displayed values are the same as the units configured
for the flow meter.
Calibration Menu
The Calibration Menu contains the calibration coefficients for the flow meter. These values
should by changed only by properly trained personnel. The Vortex Coef Ck and Low Flow Cutoff
are set at the factory. Consult the factory for help with these settings if the meter is showing
erratic flow rate.
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
3-17
Chapter 3 Operation
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Password Menu
Use the Password Menu to set or change the system password. The factory-set password
is 1234.
3-18
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 4 Serial Communications
Chapter 4 Serial Communications
HART Communications
The HART Communications Protocol (Highway Addressable Remote Transducer Protocol) is a bidirectional digital serial communications protocol. The
HART signal is based on the Bell 202 standard and is superimposed on 4-20 mA
Output 1. Peer-to-peer (analog / digital) and multi-drop (digital only) modes are
supported.
Wiring
The diagrams below detail the proper connections required for HART
communications:
Warning!
Place controls in manual
mode when making
configuration changes to
the vortex meter.
Loop Powered Meter Wiring
Figure 4-1.Loop Powered Meter Wiring (HART)
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev.4, 4/2014)
4-1
Chapter 4 Serial Communications
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
DC Powered Meter Wiring
Figure 4-2.DC Powered Meter Wiring (HART)
AC Powered Meter Wiring
Vortex Meter
Current
Meter
Field Connection
for Communicator
4-2
R load,
250 ohm
minimum
Remote Connection
for Communicator
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 4 Serial Communications
Figure 4-3.AC Powered Meter Wiring (HART)
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev.4, 4/2014)
4-3
Chapter 4 Serial Communications
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
HART Commands with the DD Menu
Online Menu
1 Device Setup
1 Display Unit
1 Mass flo unit
2 Vol unit
3 Temp unit
4 Energy flo unit
5 Line press unit
6 Dens unit
7 Totalizer units
8 Std & Norm Cond
2 Analog Output
3 External Loop
4 Meter Display
5 Alarm Setup
6 Totalizer
To Analog Output Menu
1 External Input
2 Set Ext. 4 mA
3 Set Ext. 20 mA
1 Disp Cycle
2 Disp Digits
3 Disp Damping
4 Init Displ.
5 Disp Show/Hide
1 Alarm Status
2 Alarm 1 Setup
3 Alarm 2 Setup
4 Alarm 3 Setup
5 Records in Log
6 Read Alarm Log
7 Alarm Log Clear
1 Total
2 Totalize
3 Amount/Pulse
4 Total 2
5 Totalize 2
6 Clear Totalizer
7 Fluid Menu
8 Energy Setup
1 Norm Temp
2 Norm Press
3 Std Temp
4 Std Press
Inactive
Temp1
Temp 2
Pressure
1 Alrm 1 var
2 Alrm 1 typ
3 Alrm 1 set pt
1 Alrm 2 var
2 Alrm 2 typ
3 Alrm 2 set pt
1 Alrm 3 var
2 Alrm 3 typ
3 Alrm 3 set pt
To Fluid Menu
1 Meter Location
2 Heating or Cooling
3 % Return
9 Device Menu
2 Process Variables
3 PV is
4 PV
5 AO1 Out
6 PV % rnge
7 Alrm Status
8 Diagnostics
Diagnostics
To Diagnostics Menu
Sensor Cal
To Sensor Cal Menu
Review
To Review Menu
1 Mass Flo
2 Vol
3 Temp
4 Temp 2
5 Delta Temp.
6 Energy flo
7 Press
8 Dens
9 Totl
Total 2
To Diagnostics Menu
9 Calibration Review
From Sensor Cal Menu,
Calibration Review
4-4
1 Date
2h
3 min
4s
5 Password
6 Meter Size
7 Dev id
8 Tag
9 Descriptor
Message
Final assy num
Poll adr
Num req preams
Config Code
Compile Date
Compile Time
Signal Board Version
Hardware rev
Software rev
Master reset
1 K Factor
2 Ck Value
3 Lo Flo Cutoff
4 RTD1 Ro
5 RTD1 alpha
6 RTD1 beta
7 RTD2 Ro
8 RTD2 alpha
9 RTD2 beta
Pcal B00, Pcal B01
Pcal B02, Pcal B10
Pcal B11, Pcal B12
Pcal B20, Pcal B21
Pcal B22
Ref. Resistance
Internal Temp. Cal
Cal current
Flow 1
Deviation 1
Flow 2
Deviation 2
Flow 3
Deviation 3
Flow 4
Deviation 4
Flow 5
Deviation 5
Flow 6
Deviation 6
Flow 7
Deviation 7
Flow 8
Deviation 8
Flow 9
Deviation 9
Flow 10
Deviation 10
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 4 Serial Communications
HART Commands with the DD Menu Continued
Analog Output Menu
From Online Menu
1 Fix Analog Output
2 Trim Analog Output
3 Configure AO1
4 PV is
5 PV AO1 Out
6 PV % rnge
7 Configure AO2
8 SV is
9 SV AO2 Out
SV % rnge
Configure AO3
TV is
TV AO
TV % rnge
Configure AO4
QV is
QV AO
QV % rnge
1 PV is
2 PV AO1 Out
3 PV
4 PV % rnge
5 Apply values
6 PV Rnge unit
7 PV LRV
8 PV URV
9 PV AO1 Lo end pt
PV AO1 Hi end pt
PV AO1 Added damp
1 SV is
2 SV AO2 Out
3 SV
4 SV % rnge
5 Apply values
6 SV Rnge unit
7 SV LRV
8 SV URV
9 SV AO2 Lo end pt
SV AO2 Hi end pt
SV AO2 Added damp
1 TV is
2 TV AO
3 TV
4 TV % rnge
5 Apply values
6 TV Rnge unit
7 TV LRV
8 TV URV
9 TV AO3 Lo end pt
TV AO3 Hi end pt
TV AO3 Added damp
1 QV is
2 QV AO
3 QV
4 QV % rnge
5 Apply values
6 QV Rnge unit
7 QV LRV
8 QV URV
9 QV AO1 Lo end pt
QV AO1 Hi end pt
QV AO1 Added damp
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev.4, 4/2014)
4-5
Chapter 4 Serial Communications
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
HART Commands with the DD Menu Continued
4-6
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 4 Serial Communications
HART Commands with the DD Menu Continued
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev.4, 4/2014)
4-7
Chapter 4 Serial Communications
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
HART Commands with the DD Menu Continued
Sensor Cal Menu
To Calibration Review Menu
From Online Menu
1 Calibration Review
2 Vortex Sensor
3 Vortex Cal
4 Press Sensor
5 Press Cal
6 Temp Sensor
7 Temp 1 & 2 Cal
8 Temp 2 Sensor
9 Cal. Correction
1 Flow 1
2 Deviation 1
3 Flow 2
4 Deviation 2
5 Flow 3
6 Deviation 3
7 Flow 4
8 Deviation 4
9 Flow 5
Deviation 5
Flow 6
Deviation 6
Flow 7
Deviation 7
Flow 8
Deviation 8
Flow 9
Deviation 9
Flow 10
Deviation 10
1 Vol snsr unit
2 USL
3 LSL
4 Min Span
5 Damp
6 Snsr s/n
7 Sim Vtx
8 Max Vel
9 Vortex Diag
1 K Factor
2 Ck Value
3 Lo flo cutoff
4 Auto Set Ck
5 Auto Set LFC
1 Pres snsr unit
2 USL
3 LSL
4 Min span
5 Damp
6 Snsr s/n
7 Sim Press
8 Maximum
9 Press Diag
1 Vtx Freq
2 Sim Vtx Freq
3 Vtx AtoD
4 Filter Set
5 Gain Set
6 Re
7 Vel
8 Max Vel
9 AD1
AD2
AD3
AD4
Ck
Level
1 Press
2 Sim Press
3 Excite
4 Excite AtoD
5 Sense
6 Sense AtoD
7 Max Press
1 PCal B00
2 PCal B01
3 PCal B02
4 PCal B10
5 PCal B11
6 PCal B12
7 PCal B20
8 PCal B21
9 PCal B22
Ref. Resistance
Internal Temp. Cal
Cal Current
1 Temp unit
2 USL
3 LSL
4 Min span
5 Damp
6 Snsr s/n
7 Sim Temp
8 Maximum
9 Temp Diag
1 Temp
2 Sim Temp
3 RTD1
4 RTD1 AtoD
5 Max Temp
6 Temp 2
7 Sim Temp 2
8 RTD2
9 RTD2 AtoD
Max temp 2
1 RTD1 Ro
2 RTD1 alpha
3 RTD1 beta
4 RTD2 Ro
5 RTD2 alpha
6 RTD2 beta
1 Temp unit
2 USL
3 LSL
4 Min span
5 Damp
6 Snsr s/n
7 Sim Temp 2
8 Maximum
9 Temp Diag
4-8
1 Temp
2 Sim Temp
3 RTD1
4 RTD1 AtoD
5 Max Temp
6 Temp 2
7 Sim Temp 2
8 RTD2
9 RTD2 AtoD
Max temp 2
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 4 Serial Communications
HART Commands with Generic DD Menu
Online Menu
1 Device Setup
2 PV
3 PV AO
1 Process Variables
2 Diag/Service
3 Basic Setup
1 Snsr
2 AI % Rnge
3 AO1
1 Test Device
2 Loop Test
3 Calibration
4 D/A Trim
1 Tag
2 PV unit
3 Range Values
4 Device Information
5 PV Xfer fnctn
6 PV Damp
1 4 mA
2 20 mA
3 Other
4 End
1 Apply Values
2 Enter Values
1 PV LRV
2 PV URV
3 PV LSL
4 PV USL
1 Distributor
2 Model
3 Dev id
4 Tag
5 Date
6 Write Protect
7 Descriptor
8 Message
9 PV snsr s/n
Final assy #
Revision #'s
4 Detailed Setup
5 Review
4 PV LRV
5 URV
1 4 mA
2 20 mA
3 Exit
1 PV LRV
2 PV URV
3 PV USL
4 PV LSL
1 Universal Rev
2 Fld dev Rev
3 Software Rev
1 Sensors
1 PV
2 PV Sensor Unit
3 Sensor information
PV LSL, PV USL, PV Min span
2 Signal Condition
1 Snsr Damp
2 URV
3 AI LRV
4 Xfer Fnctn
5 AI % rnge
1 PV LRV
2 PV URV
3 Output Condition
1 Analog Output
2 HART Output
1 AO1
2 AO alarm typ
3 Loop test
4 D/A trim
5 Scaled D/A trim
4 Device Information
1 Distributor
2 Model
3 Dev id
4 Tag
5 Date
6 Write Protect
7 Descriptor
8 Message
9 PV snsr s/n
Final assy #
Revision #'s
1 PV LRV
2 PV URV
1 4 mA
2 20 mA
3 Other
4 End
1 Poll addr
2 Num req. preams
3 Burst mode
4 Burst option
1 Universal Rev
2 Fld dev Rev
3 Software Rev
Use password 16363.
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev.4, 4/2014)
4-9
Chapter 4 Serial Communications
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Fast Key Sequence
Use password 16363.
Sequence
Description
Access
Notes
1,1,1
1,1,2
1,1,3
1,2,1
1,2,2,1
1,2,2,2
1,2,2,3
1,2,2,4
1,2,3,1,1
1,2,3,1,2
1,2,3,1,3
1,2,3,2,1
1,2,3,2,2
1,2,3,2,3
1,2,3,2,4
1,2,4
1,3,1
1,3,2
1,3,3,1
1,3,3,2
1,3,3,3
1,3,3,4
1,3,4,1
1,3,4,2
1,3,4,3
1,3,4,4
1,3,4,5
1,3,4,6
1,3,4,7
1,3,4,8
1,3,4,9
1,3,4,menu
1,3,4,menu,1
1,3,4,menu,2
1,3,4,menu,3
1,3,5
1,3,6
1,4,1,1
1,4,1,2
1,4,1,3
1,4,2,1
1,4,2,2,1
1,4,2,2,2
1,4,2,3,1
1,4,2,3,2
1,4,2,4
1,4,2,5
1,4,3,1,1
1,4,3,1,2
Snsr
AI % Rnge
AO1
Test Device
4 mA
20 mA
Other
End
4 mA
20 mA
Exit
PV LRV
PV URV
PV USL
PV LSL
D/A Trim
Tag
PV unit
PV LRV
PV URV
PV LSL
PV USL
Distributor
Model
Dev id
Tag
Date
Write Protect
Descriptor
Message
PV snsr s/n
Final assy #
Universal Rev
Fld dev Rev
Software Rev
PV Xfer fnctn
PV Damp
PV
PV Sensor Unit
Sensor Information
Snsr Damp
PV LRV
PV URV
PV LRV
PV URV
Xfer Fnctn
AI % rnge
AO1
AO alarm typ
View
View
View
N/A
View
View
Edit
Primary variable value
Analog output % range
Analog output, mA
Not used
Loop test, fix analog output at 4 mA
Loop test, fix analog output at 20 mA
Loop test, fix analog output at mA value entered
Exit loop test
Not used, apply values
Not used, apply values
Exit apply values
Primary variable lower range value
Primary variable upper range value
Primary variable upper sensor limit
Primary variable lower sensor limit
Calibrate electronics 4mA and 20mAvalues
Tag
Primary variable units
Primary variable lower range value
Primary variable upper range value
Primary variable upper sensor limit
Primary variable lower sensor limit
Not used
Not used
Device identification
Tag
Date
Write protect
Vortex flowmeter
32 character alphanumeric message
Primary variable sensor serial number
Final assembly number
Universal revision
Field device revision
Software revision
Linear
Primary variable damping (time constant) in seconds
Primary variable value
Primary variable units
PV LSL, PV USL, PV Min span
Primary variable damping (time constant) in seconds
Primary variable low range value
Primary variable upper range value
Primary variable low range value
Primary variable upper range value
Linear
Analog output % range
Analog output, mA
Not used
N/A
N/A
Edit
Edit
View
View
Edit
Edit
Edit
Edit
Edit
View
View
N/A
N/A
View
Edit
Edit
View
Edit
Edit
View
Edit
View
View
View
View
Edit
View
Edit
View
Edit
Edit
Edit
Edit
Edit
View
View
View
N/A
Continued on next page
4-10
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 4 Serial Communications
Sequence
Description
Access
Notes
1,4,3,1,3,1
1,4,3,1,3,2
1,4,3,1,3,3
1,4,3,1,3,4
1,4,3,1,4
1,4,3,1,5
1,4,3,2,1
1,4,3,2,2
1,4,3,2,3
1,4,3,2,4
1,4,4,1
1,4,4,2
1,4,4,3
1,4,4,4
1,4,4,5
1,4,4,6
1,4,4,7
1,4,4,8
1,4,4,9
1,4,4,menu
1,4,4,menu,1
1,4,4,menu,2
1,4,4,menu,3
1,5
2
3
4,1
4,2
5,1
5,2
4 mA
20 mA
Other
End
D/A trim
Scaled D/A trim
Poll addr
Num req. preams
Burst mode
Burst option
Distributor
Model
Dev id
Tag
Date
Write Protect
Descriptor
Message
PV snsr s/n
Final assy #
Universal Rev
Fld dev Rev
Software Rev
Review
PV
PV AO
PV LRV
PV URV
PV LRV
PV URV
View
View
Edit
Loop test, fix analog output at 4 mA
Loop test, fix analog output at 20 mA
Loop test, fix analog output at mA value entered
Exit loop test
Calibrate electronics 4mA and 20mAvalues
Not used
Poll address
Number of required preambles
Not used
Not used
Not used
Not used
Device identification
Tag
Date
Write protect
Vortex flowmeter
32 character alphanumeric message
Primary variable sensor serial number
Final assembly number
Universal revision
Field device revision
Software revision
Not used
Primary variable value
Analog output, mA
Primary variable lower range value
Primary variable upper range value
Primary variable lower range value
Primary variable upper range value
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev.4, 4/2014)
Edit
N/A
Edit
View
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
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4-11
Chapter 4 Serial Communications
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Modbus Communications
Applicable Flow Meter Models
Warning!
Place controls in manual
mode when making
configuration changes to
the vortex meter.
azbil AX2000 Series Mass Flow Meters, Models AX2200 and AX2300 with
Modbus communication protocol and firmware version 4.00.58 and above.
Overview
This document describes the preliminary implementation of the Modbus
communication protocol for use in monitoring common process variables in the
azbil AX2000 Series Vortex flow meter. The physical layer utilizes the halfduplex RS-485 port, and the Modbus protocol.
Reference Documents
The following documents are available online from www.modbus.org.
Modbus Application Protocol Specification V1.1
Modbus Over Serial Line Specification & Implementation Guide V1.0
Modicon Modbus Protocol Reference Guide PI–MBUS–300 Rev. J
Wiring
An RS485 daisy chained network configuration as depicted below is
recommended. Do not use a star, ring, or cluster arrangement.
RS-485 Master
RS-485 RS-485 +
RS-485 GND
Other Device 1
Vortex Meter
Other Device 2, etc.
Figure 4-4.RS-485 Wiring (MODBUS)
Pin Labeling (among devices)
“RS-485 –” = “A” = “TxD-/RxD-” = “Inverting pin”
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Chapter 4 Serial Communications
“RS-485 +” = “B” = “TxD+/RxD+” = “Non-Inverting pin”
“RS-485 GND” = “GND” = “G” = “SC” = “Reference”
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev.4, 4/2014)
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Chapter 4 Serial Communications
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Menu Items
The following menu items are in the Output Menu and allow selection and
control of the Modbus communication protocol.
Address
When the Modbus protocol is selected, the Modbus address is equal to the
user programmable device address if it is in the range 1…247, in
accordance with the Modbus specification. If the device address is zero or
is greater than 247, then the Modbus address is internally set to 1.
Comm Protocol
The Comm Protocol menu allows selection of “Modbus RTU Even,” “Modbus
RTU Odd,” or “Modbus RTU None2,” or “Modbus RTU None1,” (non-standard
Modbus) with Even, Odd and None referring to the parity selection. When even
or odd parity is selected, the unit is configured for 8 data bits, 1 parity bit and 1
stop bit; with no parity, the number of stop bits is 1 (non-standard) or 2. When
changing the protocol, the change is made as soon as the Enter key is pressed.
Modbus Units
The Modbus Units menu is to control what units, where applicable, the meter’s
variables will be displayed in. Internal – these are the base units of the meter, °F,
3
3
psia, lbm/sec , ft /sec, Btu/sec , lbm/ft Display – variables are displayed in user
selected display unit.
Modbus Order
The byte order within registers and the order in which multiple registers
containing floating point or long integer data are transmitted may be changed
with this menu item. According to the Modbus specification, the most
significant byte of a register is transmitted first, followed by the least significant
byte. The Modbus specification does not prescribe the order in which registers
are transmitted when multiple registers represent values longer than 16 bits.
Using this menu item, the order in which registers representing floating point or
long integer data and/or the byte order within the registers may be reversed for
compatibility with some PLCs and PC software.
4-14
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AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 4 Serial Communications
The following four selections are available in this menu; when selecting an
item, the protocol is changed immediately without having to press the
Enter key.
0-1:2-3
Most significant register first, most significant byte first (default)
2-3:0-1
Least significant register first, most significant byte first
1-0:3-2
Most significant register first, least significant byte first
3-2:1-0
Least significant register first, least significant byte first
Table 4-1.Byte Order
Note that all of the registers are affected by the byte order, including strings and
registers representing 16-bit integers; the register order only affects the order of
those registers representing 32-bit floating point and long integer data, but does
not affect single 16-bit integers or strings.
Modbus Protocol
The Modbus RTU protocol is supported in this implementation. Supported baud
rates are 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, 38400, 57600, and 115200. The default
baud rate is 19200 baud. Depending upon the Modbus protocol selected, data are
transmitted in 8-bit data frames with even or odd parity and 1 stop bit, or no
parity and 2 or 1 (non-standard) stop bits.
The current Modbus protocol specification does not define register usage, but
there is an informal register numbering convention derived from the original
(now obsolete) Modicon Modbus protocol specification, and used by many
vendors of Modbus capable products.
Registers
00001–09999
Usage
Read/write bits ("coils")
Valid Function Codes
01 (read coils) 05 (write single coil)
15 (write multiple coils)
10001–19999
30001–39999
Read-only bits ("discrete inputs")
Read-only 16 bit registers ("input
registers"), IEEE 754 floating point
register pairs, arbitrary length strings
encoded as two ASCII characters per 16bit register
Read/write 16-bit registers ("holding
registers"), IEEE 754 floating point
register pairs, arbitrary length strings
encoded as two ASCII characters per 16bit register
02 (read discrete inputs)
03 (read holding registers) 04 (read
input registers)
40001–49999
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev.4, 4/2014)
03 (read holding registers) 06 (write
single register) 16 (write multiple
registers)
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Chapter 4 Serial Communications
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Each range of register numbers maps to a unique range of addresses that are
determined by the function code and the register number. The address is equal to
the least significant four digits of the register number minus one, as shown in the
following table.
Registers
00001-09999
10001-19999
30001-39999
40001-49999
Function Codes
01, 05, 15
02
03, 04
03, 06, 16
Data Type and Address Range
Read/write bits 0000-9998
Read-only bits 0000-9999
Read-only 16-bit registers 0000-9998
Read/write 16-bit registers 0000-9998
Register Definitions
The meter serial number and those variables that are commonly monitored (mass,
volume and energy flow rates, total, pressure, temperature, density, viscosity,
Reynolds number, and diagnostic variables such as frequency, velocity, gain,
amplitude and filter setting) are accessible via the Modbus protocol. Long integer
and floating point numbers are accessed as pairs of 16-bit registers in the register
order selected in the Modbus Order menu. Floating point numbers are formatted
as single precision IEEE 754 floating point values.
The flow rate, temperature, pressure, and density variables may be accessed as
either the flow meter internal base units or in the user-programmed display
units, which is determined by the programming Output Menu’s “Modbus
Units” item. The display units strings may be examined by accessing their
associated registers. Each of these units string registers contain 2 characters of
the string, and the strings may be 2 to 12 characters in length with unused
characters set to zero. Note that the byte order affects the order in which the
strings are transmitted. If the Modbus Order menu (see page 2) is set to 0-1:2-3
or 2-3:0-1, then the characters are transmitted in the correct order; if set to 10:3-2 or 3-2:1-0, then each pair of characters will be transmitted in reverse
order.
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Registers
65100-65101
30525-30526
32037-32042
30009-30010
30007-30008
30005-30006
30001-30002
30029-30030
30015-30016
30013-30014
30031-30032
30025-30026
34532
30085-30086
30027-30028
Variable
Chapter 4 Serial Communications
Data type
Serial number
unsigned long
Totalizer
unsigned long
Totalizer units
string
Mass flow
float
Volume flow
float
Pressure
float
Temperature
float
Velocity
float
Density
float
Viscosity
float
Reynolds number
float
Vortex frequency
float
Gain
char
Vortex amplitude
float
Filter setting
float
Table 4-2.Register Definitions
Units
—
display units*
—
display units*
display units*
display units*
display units*
ft/sec
display units*
cP
—
Hz
—
Vrms
Hz
Function
code
03, 04
03, 04
03, 04
03, 04
03, 04
03, 04
03, 04
03, 04
03, 04
03, 04
03, 04
03, 04
03, 04
03, 04
03, 04
Addresses
524-525
2036-2041
8-9
6-7
4-5
0-1
28-29
14-15
12-13
30-31
24-25
4531
84-85
26-27
The following registers are available with the energy meter firmware:
Registers
30527-30528
32043-32048
30003-30004
30011-30012
Variable
Data type
Units
Totalizer #2
Totalizer #2 units
Temperature #2
Energy flow
unsigned long
string
float
float
display units*
—
display units*
display units*
Function
code
03, 04
03, 04
03, 04
03, 04
Addresses
526-527
2042-2047
2-3
10-11
The following registers contain the display units strings:
Registers
32007-32012
32001-32006
32025-32030
32019-32024
32031-32036
32013-32017
Variable
Volume flow units
Mass flow units
Temperature units
Pressure units
Density units
Energy flow units
Data type
string
string
string
string
string
string
Units
—
—
—
—
—
—
Function code
03, 04
03, 04
03, 04
03, 04
03, 04
03, 04
Addresses
2006-2011
2000-2005
2024-2029
2018-2023
2030-2035
2012-2017
Function codes 03 (read holding registers) and 04 (read input registers) are the
only codes supported for reading these registers, and function codes for writing
holding registers are not implemented. We recommend that the floating point and
long integer registers be read in a single operation with the number of registers
being a multiple of two. If these data are read in two separate operations, each
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev.4, 4/2014)
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Chapter 4 Serial Communications
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
reading a single 16-bit register, then the value will likely be invalid.
The floating point registers with values in display units are scaled to the same
units as are displayed, but are instantaneous values that are not smoothed. If
display smoothing is enabled (non-zero value entered in the Display TC item
in the Display Menu), then the register values will not agree exactly with the
displayed values.
Exception Status Definitions
The Read Exception Status command (function code 07) returns the exception
status byte, which is defined as follows. This byte may be cleared by setting
“coil” register #00003 (function code 5, address 2, data = 0xff00).
Bit(s)
0-1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Definition
Byte order (see Modbus Order on page 2)
0 = 3-2:1-0 1 = 2-3:0-1
2 = 1-0:3-2 3 = 0-1:2-3
Not used
Not used
Not used
Not used
Not used
Configuration changed
Discrete Input Definitions
The status of the three alarms may be monitored via the Modbus Read Discrete
Input command (function code 02). The value returned indicates the state of the
alarm, and will be 1 only if the alarm is enabled and active. A zero value is
transmitted for alarms that are either disabled or inactive,
Registers
10001
10002
10003
4-18
Variable
Alarm #1 state
Alarm #2 state
Alarm #3 state
Function Code
02
02
02
Address
0
1
2
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 4 Serial Communications
Control Register Definitions
The only writeable registers in this implementation are the Reset Exception
Status, Reset Meter and Reset Totalizer functions, which are implemented as
”coils” which may be written with the Write Single Coil command (function
code 05) to address 7 through 9, respectively, (register #00008 through #00010).
The value sent with this command must be either 0x0000 or 0xff00, or the meter
will respond with an error message; the totalizer will be reset or exception status
cleared only with a value of 0xff00.
Error Responses
If an error is detected in the message received by the unit, the function code
in the response is the received function code with the most significant bit set,
and the data field will contain the exception code byte, as follows:
Exception
Code
01
02
03
Description
Invalid function code — function code not supported by device
Invalid data address — address defined by the start address and number of registers
is out of range
Invalid data value — number of registers = 0 or >125 or incorrect data with the Write
Single Coil command
If the first byte of a message is not equal to the unit’s Modbus address, if the
unit detects a parity error in any character in the received message (with even or
odd parity enabled), or if the message CRC is incorrect, the unit will not
respond.
Command Message Format
The start address is equal to the desired first register number minus one. The
addresses derived from the start address and the number of registers must all be
mapped to valid defined registers, or an invalid data address exception will occur.
Normal Response Message Format
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev.4, 4/2014)
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Chapter 4 Serial Communications
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Exception Response Message Format
Examples
Read the exception status byte from the device with address 1:
01 07 41 E2
01 Device address
07 Function code, 07 = read exception status
41 E2 CRC
A typical response from the device is as follows:
01 07 03 62 31
01
07
03
62
Device address
Function code
Exception status byte
31 CRC
Request the first 12 registers from device with address 1:
01 04 00 00 00 0C F0 0F
01
04
00
00
F0
Device address
Function code, 04 = read input register
00 Starting address
0C Number of registers = 12
0F CRC
A typical response from the device is as follows: *note these are the older
register definitions
01 04 18 00 00 03 E8 00 00 7A 02 6C 62 00 00 41 BA 87 F2 3E BF
FC 6F 42 12 EC 8B 4D D1
01 Device address
04 Function code
18 Number of data bytes = 24
00 00 03 E8 Serial number = 1000 (unsigned long)
00 00 7A 02 Totalizer = 31234 lbm (unsigned long)
6C 62 00 00 Totalizer units = “lb” (string, unused characters
are 0)
41 BA 87 F2 Mass flow rate = 23.3164 lbm/sec
(float)
3
3E BF FC 6F Volume flow rate = 0.3750 ft /sec (float)
42 12 EC 8B Pressure = 36.731 psia (float)
4D D1 CRC
An attempt to read register(s) that don’t exist
01 04 00 00 00 50 F1 D2
4-20
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
01
04
00
00
F0
Chapter 4 Serial Communications
Device address
Function code 4 = read input register
00 Starting address
50 Number of registers = 80
36 CRC
results in an error response as follows:
01 84 02 C2 C1
01 Device address
84 Function code with most significant bit set indicates
error response
02 Exception code 2 = invalid data address
C2 C1 CRC
Request the state all three alarms:
01 02 00 00 00 03 38 0B
01
02
00
00
38
Device address
Function code 2 = read discrete inputs
00 Starting address
03 Number of inputs = 3
0B CRC
and the unit responds with:
01 02 01 02 20 49
01
02
01
02
20
Device address
Function code
Number of data bytes = 1
Alarm #2 on, alarms #1 and #3 off
49 CRC
To reset the totalizer:
01 05 00 00 FF 00 8C 3A
01
05
00
FF
5C
Device address
Function code 5 = write single coil
09 Coil address = 9
00 Data to reset totalizer
38 CRC
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev.4, 4/2014)
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Chapter 4 Serial Communications
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
The unit responds with an identical message to that transmitted, and the totalizer
is reset. If the “coil” is turned off as in the following message, the response is
also identical to the transmitted message, but the totalizer is not affected.
01 05 00 09 00 00 1D C8
01
05
00
00
1D
4-22
Device address
Function code 5 = write single coil
09 Coil address = 9
00 Data to “turn off coil” does not reset totalizer
C8 CRC
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 4 Serial Communications
BACnet MS/TP Communications
1. BACnet MS/TP Description The BACnet Master-Slave/Token-Passing (MSTP) driver
implements a data link protocol that uses the services of the RS485 physical layer. The MS/TP bus is based on BACnet standard
protocol SSPC-135, Clause 9. BACnet MS/TP protocol is a peerto-peer, multiple master protocols based on token passing. Only
master devices can receive the token, and only the device holding
the token is allowed to originate a message on the bus. The token is
passed from master device to master device using a small message.
The token is passed in consecutive order starting with the lowest
address. Slave devices on the bus only communicate on the bus
when responding to a data request from a master device.
2. Baud Rates on the MS/TP Bus An MS/TP bus can be configured to communicate at one of four
different baud rates. It is very important that all of the devices on
an MS/TP bus communicate at the same baud rate. The baud rate
setting determines the rate at which devices communicate data
over the bus. The baud rate settings available on AX2000™
Vortex Mass Flow Meters are 9600, 19200 and 38400.
2.1. Baud Rate and MAC address configuration 1. Power on the IUT 2. Press Enter to go configuration menu 3. Give the factory password 16363 (Use Up and Down arrows to enter the digits) 4. Navigate to Diagnostics menu 5. Press Enter and press right button immediately 6. Navigate to Config Code screen by continuous pressing down button 7. After reaching config code screen, press right to navigate to Comm. Type screen 8. Change the comm. Type to “Modbus” and press Enter Note: Modbus will enable Baud Rate and MAC address screens 9. Press Exit twice to reach Diagnostics menu back 10. Navigate to Output Menu by using right or left arrow buttons 11. Press Down button and reach Baud Rate and MAC address screens CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev.4, 4/2014)
4-23
Chapter 4 Serial Communications
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
12. Change the required settings and press Exit & Enter buttons to save the configuration 13. Do steps from b to g, and change the comm. Type as Hart. 14. Reboot the device by power off and on. Note: a. IUT support 9600, 19200, 38400 baud rates b. MAC address range is 0‐127 3. Supported BACnet Objects A BACnet object represents physical or virtual equipment
information, as a digital input or parameters. The AX2000 Vortex
Mass Flow Meters presents the following object types:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Device Object Analog Input Binary Input Binary Value Each object type defines a data structure composed by properties
that allow the access to the object information. The below table
shows the implemented properties for each Vortex Mass Flow
Meters object type.
Properties Object_Identifier Object_Name Object_Type System_Status Vendor_Name Vendor_Identifier Model_Name Firmware_Revision Application‐Software‐Version Protocol_Version Protocol_Revision Protocol_Services_Supported 4-24
Device             Object Types Analog Input Binary Input 
     CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
Binary Value    AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
 Protocol_Object_Types_Supported  Object_List  Max_ADPU_Length_Accepted  Segmentation_Supported  ADPU_Timeout  Number_Of_ADPU_Retries  Max_Masters  Max_Info_Frames  Device_Address_Binding  Database_Revision Status_Flags Event_State Reliability Out_Of_Service Units Polarity Priority_Array Relinquish_Default Status_Flag Present_Value Inactive_Text Active_Text (W) – Writable Property.
Chapter 4 Serial Communications
    (W) 
  (W)  (W)  (W)   (W)  (W)
  (W)
3.1. Device Object: The Device object default property values are as follows –
Property Name object‐identifier object‐name object‐type system‐status vendor‐name vendor‐identifier model‐name firmware‐revision application‐software‐
version protocol‐version protocol‐revision protocol‐services‐
supported Default Values 7 Device,1 Device operational Azbil Instruments 558 Multivariable Flowmete N/A 1.07 1 4 {F,F,F,F,F,F,F,F,F,F,F,F,T,F,T,T,T,T,F,F,F,F,F,F,F,F,F,F,F,F,T,T,F,F,F,F,F} CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev.4, 4/2014)
4-25
Chapter 4 Serial Communications
protocol‐object‐types‐
supported object‐list AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
{T,F,F,T,F,T,F,F,T,F,F,F,F,F,F,F,F,F,F,F,F,F,F,F,F} max‐apdu‐length‐
accepted segmentation‐supported apdu‐timeout number‐of‐APDU‐retries max‐master max‐info‐frames device‐address‐binding database‐revision {(analog‐input,1),(analog‐input,2),(analog‐input,3),(analog‐input,4), (analog‐input,5), (analog‐input,6),(analog‐input,7),(analog‐input,8) (analog‐input,9),(analog‐input,10), (analog‐input,11), (analog‐
input,12), (analog‐input,13),(analog‐input,14), (analog‐
input,15),(analog‐input,16),(analog‐input,17), (analog‐
input,18),(analog‐input,19),(binary‐input,1),(binary‐input,2),(binary‐
input,3),(binary‐input,4), (binary‐value,1), (device,7) } 300 no‐segmentation 3000 1 127 1 () 0 Note ‐ Device Communication Control: Password – “azbil” 3.2. Analog Input Object: Vortex Mass Flow Meters Analog Input type objects are described
in the below Table –
Object Instance 1 Object Name Volume Flow 2 Mass Flow 4-26
Unit cubic‐feet‐per‐second, cubic‐feet‐per‐minute, us‐gallons‐per‐minute, imperial‐gallons‐per‐
minute, liters‐per‐minute, liters‐per‐second, liters‐per‐hour, cubic‐meters‐per‐second, cubic‐meters‐per‐minute, cubic‐meters‐per‐hour pounds‐mass‐per‐second, grams‐per‐second, kilograms‐per‐second , kilograms‐per‐minute , kilograms‐per‐hour, pounds‐mass‐per‐minute , Description This AI object is used to measure volume flow. This AI object is used to measure mass flow. CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
3 Temperature 1 4 Temperature 2 5 Pressure 6 7 Density Energy Flow 8 Totalizer 1 & Totalizer 2 CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev.4, 4/2014)
Chapter 4 Serial Communications
pounds‐mass‐per‐hour, tons‐per‐hour, grams‐per‐second , grams‐per‐minute degrees‐Celsius, degrees‐Kelvin, degrees‐Fahrenheit degrees‐Celsius, degrees‐Kelvin, degrees‐Fahrenheit pounds‐force‐per‐square‐
inch, inches‐of‐water, inches‐of‐mercury, millimeters‐of‐mercury, bars, millibars, pascals, kilopascals kilograms‐per‐cubic‐meter Kilowatts, Horsepower, btus‐per‐hour,, kilo‐btus‐per‐hour, megawatts If Totalizer selection for Mass measure – pounds‐mass‐per‐second, grams‐per‐second, kilograms‐per‐second , kilograms‐per‐minute , kilograms‐per‐hour, pounds‐mass‐per‐minute , pounds‐mass‐per‐hour, tons‐per‐hour, grams‐per‐second , grams‐per‐minute If Totalizer selection for Volume measure – cubic‐feet‐per‐second, cubic‐feet‐per‐minute, us‐gallons‐per‐minute, imperial‐gallons‐per‐
This AI object measures Temperature in one of the given Unit. This AI object measures Temperature in one of the given Unit. TBD TBD TBD An electronic counter which records the total accumulated flow over a certain range of time. 4-27
Chapter 4 Serial Communications
10 11 StatusRegister Channel 1 (4‐20mA) Channel 2 (4‐20mA) Channel 3 (4‐20mA) Scaled Freq Flow Velocity Viscosity Frequency VorTex Amp FilterSetting 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
minute, liters‐per‐minute, liters‐per‐second, liters‐per‐hour, cubic‐meters‐per‐second, cubic‐meters‐per‐minute, cubic‐meters‐per‐hour If Totalizer selection for Energy measure – Kilowatts, Horsepower, btus‐per‐hour,, kilo‐btus‐per‐hour, megawatts NO UNITS milliamperes TBD TBD milliamperes TBD milliamperes TBD hertz feet‐per‐second TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD centipoises
hertz millivolts hertz 4-28
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 4 Serial Communications
3.3. Binary Input Object: Vortex Mass Flow Meters Binary Input type objects are described
in the below Table.
Object Instance 1 2 3 4 Object Name Alarm1 Alarm2 Alarm3 Description The status of the three alarms may be monitored via the Modbus command. The value returned indicates the state of the alarm, and will be 1 only if the alarm is enabled and active. A zero value is transmitted for alarms that are either disabled or inactive External TBD Note ‐ Binary Input 4, Present value always read zero, because no information available from client, so the polarity property doesn’t impact on Present value property when the Out of service property is false. 3.4. Binary Value Object: Vortex Mass Flow Meters Binary Value type objects are described
in the below Table.
Object Instance
1 CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev.4, 4/2014)
Object Name
Reset Description Reset’s Totalizer
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Chapter 4 Serial Communications
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
4. ANNEX ‐ BACnet PROTOCOL IMPLEMENTATION CONFORMANCE STATEMENT Date: 19-April-2012
Vendor Name: Azbil Instruments
Product Name: AX2200 multivariable flow-meter
Product Model Number: AX2200/AX2300 VT/VTP
Applications Software Version: 1.07
Firmware Revision: N/A
BACnet Protocol Revision: 4
Product Description: Azbil multivariable flow-meter
BACnet Standardized Device Profile (Annex L):
 BACnet Operator Workstation (B‐OWS)  BACnet Advanced Operator Workstation (B‐AWS)  BACnet Operator Display (B‐OD)  BACnet Building Controller (B‐BC)  BACnet Advanced Application Controller (B‐AAC)  BACnet Application Specific Controller (B‐ASC)  BACnet Smart Sensor (B‐SS)  BACnet Smart Actuator (B‐SA) List all BACnet Interoperability Building Blocks Supported
(Annex K):
BIBBs DS-RP-B
DS-WP-B
DM-DDB-B
DM-DOB-B
DM-DCC-B
DS-RPM-B
DS-WPM-B
4-30
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Chapter 4 Serial Communications
Services Supported Read Property Write Property Read Property Multiple Write Property Multiple
Who‐Is I‐Am Who‐Has I‐Have Device Communication Control Segmentation Capability:
 Able to transmit segmented messages
Able to receive segmented messages
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev.4, 4/2014)
Execute Execute Execute Execute Execute Initiate Execute Initiate Execute Window Size
Window Size
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AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Standard Object Types Supported:
Standard Object Types Supported Dynamically Dynamically
Additional Range Creatable Delete‐able Writable Properties Restrictions
Analog Input (AI) No No None None Binary Input (BV) No No None None Binary Value No No None None Device No No None None Object Type Standard Object Types Supported Writable Properties Object Type Properties Analog Input (AI) Present Value Out‐Of‐Service
Binary Input (BV) Present Value Out‐Of‐Service Polarity Binary Value Present Value Out‐Of‐Service
Device 4-32
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 4 Serial Communications
Object List:
Properties of Analog Input/Value Objects Type ID Name AI1 AI2 AI3 AI4 AI5 AI6 AI7 AI8 AI9 AI10 Volume Flow Mass Flow Temperature 1
Temperature 2
Pressure
Density
Energy Flow
Totalizer 1
Totalizer 2
StatusRegister
Channel 1 (420mA)
Channel 2 (420mA)
Channel 3 (420mA)
Scaled Freq
Flow Velocity
Viscosity
Frequency
VorTex Amp
FilterSetting
AI11
AI12
AI13
AI14
AI15
AI16
AI17
AI18
AI19
Present
Value ? ?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
Status
Flags F,F,F,F F,F,F,F F,F,F,F F,F,F,F F,F,F,F F,F,F,F F,F,F,F F,F,F,F F,F,F,F F,F,F,F Event State Normal Normal Normal Normal Normal Normal Normal Normal Normal Normal Out of Service False False False False False False False False False False ? F,F,F,F Normal False ? ? F,F,F,F Normal False ? ? F,F,F,F Normal False ? ?
?
?
?
?
? F,F,F,F F,F,F,F F,F,F,F F,F,F,F F,F,F,F F,F,F,F Normal Normal Normal Normal Normal Normal False False False False False False ?
?
?
?
?
? Units ? ?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
Properties of Analog Input/Value Objects Type ID Name BI1 BI2 BI3 BI4 Alarm1
Alarm2
Alarm3
External
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev.4, 4/2014)
Present
Value ?
?
?
?
Status
Flags F,F,F,F F,F,F,F F,F,F,F F,F,F,F Event State Normal Normal Normal Normal Out of Service False False False False Polarity Normal
Normal
Normal
Normal
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Chapter 4 Serial Communications
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Properties of Analog Input/Value Objects Type ID Name BV1 Reset Present
Value ?
Status
Flags F,F,F,F Event State Normal Out of Service False out-of-service False
Data Link Layer Options:
BACnet IP, (Annex J)
BACnet IP, (Annex J), Foreign Device
ISO 8802-3, Ethernet (Clause 7)
ANSI/ATA 878.1, 2.5 Mb. ARCNET (Clause 8)
ANSI/ATA 878.1, EIA-485 ARCNET (Clause 8), baud rate(s)
MS/TP master (Clause 9), baud rate(s): 9600, 19200, 38400
MS/TP slave (Clause 9), baud rate(s):
Point-To-Point, EIA 232 (Clause 10), baud rate(s):
Point-To-Point, modem, (Clause 10), baud rate(s):
LonTalk, (Clause 11), medium:
Other:
Device Address Binding:
Is static device binding supported? (This is currently necessary for twoway communication with MS/TP slaves and certain other devices.) :
Yes
No
Networking Options:
 Router, Clause 6 ‐ List all routing configurations, e.g., ARCNET‐
Ethernet, Ethernet‐MS/TP, etc.  Annex H, BACnet Tunneling Router over IP  BACnet/IP Broadcast Management Device (BBMD) Does the BBMD support registrations by Foreign Devices?
 Yes  No Does the BBMD support network address translation?
 Yes  No
Network Security Options:  Non‐secure Device ‐ is capable of operating without BACnet Network Security  Secure Device ‐ is capable of using BACnet Network Security (NS‐SD BVBB) 4-34
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 4 Serial Communications
 Multiple Application‐Specific Keys:  Supports encryption (NS‐ED BVBB)  Key Server (NS‐KS BVBB) Character Sets Supported:
Indicating support for multiple character sets does not imply that they can
all be supported simultaneously.
 ANSI X3.4
ISO 8859-1
ISO 10646 (UCS-4)
IBM™/Microsoft™DBCS
ISO 10646 (UCS-2)
JIS C 6226
If this product is a communication gateway, describe the types of non‐
BACnet equipment/networks(s) that the gateway supports: 
N/A CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev.4, 4/2014)
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AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
5. Acronyms and Definitions Item
APDU
BACnet
MS/TP
BIBB
BV
BI
AI
RP
WP
RPM
WPM
DDB
DOB
DCC
4-36
Description
Application Protocol Data Unit
Building Automation and Control Network- Data
communication protocol
Master-Slave Token passing(a twisted pair RS485 network
created by BACnet)
BACnet Interoperability Building Block (Specific
individual function blocks for data exchange between
interoperable devices).
Binary Value
Binary Input
Analog Input
Read Property
Write Property
Read Property Multiple
Write Property Multiple.
Dynamic Device Binding
Dynamic Object Binding
Device communication Control
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 5 Troubleshooting & Repair
Chapter 5 Troubleshooting and Repair
Warning!
Before attempting any flow
meter repair, verify that the
line is not pressurized.
Always remove main power
before disassembling any
part of the mass flow meter.
Hidden Diagnostics Menus
The menus shown on the following page can be accessed using the password
16363, then moving to the display that reads “Diagnostics Menu” and pressing
ENTER (rather than one of the arrow keys).
Use the right arrow key to move to the second level. Press EXIT to move from
the second level back to the first, press EXIT while in the first level to return to
the setup menus.
Caution: password 16363 will allow full access to the configuration and should
be used carefully to avoid changes that can adversely alter the function of the
meter.
Each of the menus on the following page will first be defined followed by
specific troubleshooting steps.
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
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Chapter 5 Troubleshooting & Repair
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Hidden Diagnostics Menus
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CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 5 Troubleshooting & Repair
Level One Hidden Diagnostics Values
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f = Vortex shedding frequency (Hz).
fi = Adaptive filter – should be approximately 25% higher than
the vortex shedding frequency, this is a low-pass filter. If the
meter is using the Filter Control (see below) in the manual
mode, fi will be displayed as fm.
G = Gain (applied to vortex signal amplitude). Gain defaults
to 1.0 and can be changed using the Gain Control (see below).
A = Amplitude of vortex signal in Volts rms.
A1, A2, A3, A4 = A/D counts representing the vortex signal
amplitude. Each stage (A1-A4) cannot exceed 512. Beginning
with stage A1, the A/D counts increase as the flow increases.
When stage A1 reaches 512, it will shift to stage A2. This will
continue as the flow rate increases until all 4 stages read 512 at
high flow rates. Higher flow rates (stronger signal strength)
will result in more stages reading 512.
Kc, It, Kb = Profile equation (factory use only). Model
AX2300 only
V = Calculated average pipe velocity (ft/sec).
Re = Calculated Reynolds number.
RTD1 = Resistance value of integral RTD in ohms.
RTD2 = Optional RTD resistance value in ohms.
Pe(v) = Pressure transducer excitation voltage
Pv(v) = Pressure transducer sense voltage.
Stnd = Density of fluid at standard conditions.
Nrml = Density of fluid at normal conditions.
Viscosity = Calculated viscosity of flowing fluid.
x Cnts = A/D counts from the external 4-20 mA input.
Ext x.xxx mA = Calculated external 4-20 mA input from the
digital counts.
Ck = Calculated Ck at current operating conditions. Ck is a
variable in the equation that relates signal strength, density, and
velocity for a given application. It is used for noise rejection
purposes. Ck directly controls the fi value (see above). If the
Ck is set too low (in the calibration menu), then the fi value
will be too low and the vortex signal will be rejected resulting
in zero flow rate being displayed. The calculated Ck value in
this menu can be compared to the actual Ck setting in the
calibration menu to help determine if the Ck setting is correct.
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
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Chapter 5 Troubleshooting & Repair
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AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Lvl = Threshold level. If the Low Flow Cutoff in the
calibration menu is set above this value, the meter will read
zero flow. The Lvl level can be checked at no flow. At no
flow, the Lvl must be below the Low Flow Cutoff setting or the
meter will have an output at no flow.
Adj. Flilter = Adjustable filter. Displays the filtering in
decibels. Normally reads zero. If this value is consistently -5
or -10, for example, the Ck or density setting may be wrong.
Iso. Power Volts = Nominally 2.7 VDC, if less than this check
the flow meter input power.
O,I = Factory use only.
Pulse Out Queue = Pulse output queue. This value will
accumulate if the totalizer is accumulating faster than the pulse
output hardware can function. The queue will allow the pulses
to “catch up” later if the flow rate decreases. A better practice
is to slow down the totalizer pulse by increasing the value in
the (unit)/pulse setting in the totalizer menu.
TOF, G, f = Factory use only.
Sig. Rev = Signal board hardware and firmware revision.
Miro Rev = Microprocessor board hardware and firmware
revision.
AD, R, T, F, PT, V = Factory use only.
SPI Err, Rcv, Sent = Factory use only.
ISR Diagnostic = Factory use only.
Power Fail = Factory use only.
External Power = Factory use only.
External Alarm = Factory use only.
Display CG, PWR = Factory use only.
Internal Temperature = Electronics temperature.
Level Two Hidden Diagnostics Values

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5-4
4-20(1) Zero = Analog counts to calibrate zero on analog
output 1.
4-20(1) FScale = Analog counts to cal. full scale on analog
output 1.
4-20(2) Zero = Analog counts to calibrate zero on analog
output 2.
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
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Chapter 5 Troubleshooting & Repair
4-20(2) FScale = Analog counts to cal. full scale on analog
output 2.
4-20(3) Zero = Analog counts to calibrate zero on analog
output 3.
4-20(3) FScale = Analog counts to cal. full scale on analog
output 3.
Ext. 4 mA Cal. = Enter 0 for auto calibration or enter factory
supplied A/D counts. Note: You must connect a known 4.00
mA input if you are going to calibrate the unit.
Ext. 20 mA Cal. = Enter 0 for auto calibration or enter factory
supplied A/D counts. Note: You must connect a known 20.00
mA input if you are going to calibrate the unit.
External Input = Enter what the external 4-20 mA input
represents, i.e. Temperature 1, Temperature 2, or Pressure. The
meter will use this for its internal calculations.
Ext. Full Scale = Enter the full scale units that correlate to the
20 mA point. Note: It must be in the units for the selected input
type such as Deg F, Deg C, PSIA, Bar A, etc.
Ext. Zero Scale = Same as above but for the 4 mA point.
Alarm (1) Test = Used as a test to verify that the alarm circuit
is functioning. When low is selected the alarm will initiate a
low alarm on the output. When High is selected it will give a
high alarm on the output.
Alarm (2) Test = Used as a test to verify that the alarm circuit
is functioning. When low is selected the alarm will initiate a
low alarm on the output. When High is selected it will give a
high alarm on the output.
Alarm (3) Test = Used as a test to verify that the alarm circuit
is functioning. When low is selected the alarm will initiate a
low alarm on the output. When High is selected it will give a
high alarm on the output.
Reynolds Corr. = Reynolds number correction for the flow
profile. Set to Enable for AX2300 insertion and set to Disable
for AX2200 inline.
Gain Control = Manual gain control (factory use only). Leave
set at 1.
Filter control = Manual filter control. This value can be
changed to any number to force the fi value to a constant. A
value of zero activates the automatic filter control which sets fi
at a level that floats above the f value.
High Pass Filter = Filter setting – Factory use only
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
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Chapter 5 Troubleshooting & Repair
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AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Factory Defaults = Reset factory defaults. If you change this
to Yes and press Enter, all the factory configuration is lost and
you must reconfigure the entire program. Consult the factory
before performing this process, it is required only in very rare
cases.
Meter Type = Insertion (AX2300) or Inline (AX2200) meter.
Config Code = Factory use only.
Test Pulse Out = Force totalizer pulse. Set to Yes and press
enter to send one pulse. Very useful to test totalizer counting
equipment.
Test Scaled Freq = Enter a frequency value in order to test the
scaled frequency output. Return to 0 to stop the test.
Output Type = Factory use only.
Calibration Mode = Factory use only.
A2D Ref. Resistor = Factory use only.
Pressure Cal Current = Calibration value for the electronics
and pressure transducer combination. Consult Factory for
value.
Pressure 9Cs = Nine pressure coefficients unique to the
pressure transducer. Use the RIGHT ARROW to access all
nine coefficients.
o Press. Max psi = Based on installed sensor.
o Press. Min psi = 0 psia
Press. Min psi = 0 psiaRTD1. Press the RIGHT ARROW to
access:
o Ro = RTD resistance at 0°C (1000 ohms).
o A = RTD coefficient A (.0039083).
o B = RTD coefficient B (-5.775e-07).
o RTD1 Max Deg. F = 500
o RTD1 Min Deg. F = -330
RTD2 = Second RTD configuration, for special applications
only.
Correction Pairs
o ft3/sec (1 through 10)
o %Dev. (1 through 10)
Roughness = Factory use only.
Force Recal? = Factory use only.
Min. Delta H – Energy EMS meters only. Sets the deadband
for totalization to begin. Must be greater than this number (1
default) to initiate the totalizer.
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual

Chapter 5 Troubleshooting & Repair
Init Displ. (sec) = Enter a value in seconds to initialize the
display every xxx seconds. Enter a value of 0 to disable
initializing the display.
Analog Output Calibration
To check the 4–20 mA circuit, connect a DVM in series with the
output loop. Select zero or full scale (from the second level of the
hidden diagnostics) and then actuate the enter key twice. This
action will cause the meter to output its 4 mA or 20 mA condition.
If the DVM indicates a current greater than ± 0.006 mA from 4 or
20, adjust the setting up or down until the output is calibrated.
Note: these settings are not for adjusting the output zero and span
to match a flow range, that function is located in the Output Menu.
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
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Chapter 5 Troubleshooting & Repair
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Troubleshooting the Flow Meter
Warning!
Before attempting any flow meter repair, verify that the line is not pressurized. Always remove main power
before disassembling any part of the mass flow meter. Use hazardous area precautions if applicable. Static
sensitive electronics - use electro-static discharge precautions.
First Check Items:
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
Installation Direction Correct
Installation Depth Correct (Insertion style meter)
Power and Wiring Correct
Application Fluid Correct
Please record what the fluid is __________________________

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
Meter Range Correct for the Application
Meter Configuration Correct
Describe Installation Geometry i.e. upstream diameters, valve
position, downstream diameters, etc.
Record Values:
Record the following values from the Run Menu with the meter installed in order to determine
the operating state of the flow meter:
With Flow
With No Flow
(if possible)
Flow =
Temperature=
Pressure =
Density =
Error Messages? =
Record the following values from the Hidden Diagnostics Menu with the meter installed:
(Use password 16363 to access.)
With Flow
With No Flow
(if possible)
f=
fi =
A=
A1 =
A2 =
A3 =
A4 =
V=
5-8
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 5 Troubleshooting & Repair
Record values - Hidden Diagnostics Menu continued:
With Flow
With No Flow
(if possible)
Ck =
Lvl =
Adj. Filter =
Iso. Power Volts =
Record the following values from the Calibration Menu.
Meter Size / Pipe ID =
Meter Factor =
Vortex Coef Ck =
Low Flow Cutoff =
Serial Number =
Determine the Fault
Symptom: Output at no Flow
1. The low flow cutoff is set too low. At no flow, go to the first
level of the hidden diagnostics menu and record the Lvl value.
The low flow cutoff must be set above this value.
2. Example: at no flow , Lvl = 25. Set the low flow cutoff in the
Calibration Menu to approximately 28 and the meter will no
longer read a flow rate at no flow.
Symptom: Erratic Output
1. The flow rate may be too low, just at the cutoff of the meter
range, and the flow cycles above and below the cutoff making
an erratic output. Consult the factory if necessary to confirm
the meter range based on current operating conditions. It may
be possible to lower the low flow cutoff to increase the meter
range. See the example above for output at no flow, only this
time the low flow cutoff is set too high. You can lower this
value to increase the meter range as long as you do not create
the output at no flow condition previously described.
2. Mechanical installation may be incorrect. Verify the straight
run is adequate as described in Chapter 2. For in-line meters,
make sure the meter is not installed backwards and there are no
gaskets protruding into the flow stream. For insertion meters,
verify the insertion depth and flow direction.
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
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Chapter 5 Troubleshooting & Repair
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
3. The meter may be reacting to actual changes in the flow
stream. The output can be smoothed using a time constant.
The displayed values can be smoothed using the time constant
in the Display Menu. The analog outputs can be smoothed
using the time constant in the Output Menu. A time constant
of 1 will result in the change in value reaching 63% of its final
value in one second. A time constant of 4 is 22%, 10 is 9.5%
and 50 is 1.9% of the final value in one second. The time
constant equation is shown below (TC = Time Constant).
% change to final value
in one second
= 100 (1 – e(-1/TC))
4. The vortex coefficient Ck may be incorrectly set. The Ck is a
value in the equation used to determine if a frequency
represents a valid vortex signal given the fluid density and
signal amplitude. In practice, the Ck value controls the
adaptive filter, fi, setting. During flow, view the f and fi values
in the first level of the hidden diagnostics. The fi value should
be approximately 10-20 % higher than the f value. If you raise
the Ck setting in the Calibration Menu, then the fi value will
increase. The fi is a low pass filter, so by increasing it or
lowering it, you can alter the range of frequencies that the
meter will accept. If the vortex signal is strong, the fi value
will increase to a large number – this is correct.
5-10
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Chapter 5 Troubleshooting & Repair
PRESSURE
VORTEX TEMPERATURE
Figure 5-1.Electronics Stack Sensor Connections
VORTEX
PRESSURE
TEMPERATURE
Figure 5-2.Remote Feed Through Board Sensor Connections
Symptom: No Output
1. For remote mounted electronics, carefully check all the wiring
connections in the remote mount junction box. There are 18
connections that must be correct, verify each color (black and
red), shield, and wire number.
2. Turn on the pressure and temperature display in the Display
Menu and verify that the pressure and temperature are correct.
3. Using ESD precautions and hazardous area precautions,
remove the electronics enclosure window cover. Disconnect
the vortex sensor from the electronics stack or remote feed
through board. Refer to Figure 5-1 or 5-2. Measure the
resistance from each outside pin to the meter ground - each
should be open. Measure the resistance from the center pin to
the meter ground – this should be grounded to the meter.
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OUTSIDE
INSIDE
OUTSIDE
Figure 5-3.Vortex Sensor Connector
With the sensor still disconnected, go to the first level of the
hidden diagnostics and display the vortex shedding frequency,
f. Hold a finger on the three exposed pins on the analog board.
The meter should read electrical noise, 60 Hz for example. If
all readings are correct, re-install vortex sensor wires.
4. Verify all meter configuration and troubleshooting steps
previously described. There are many possible causes of this
problem, consult factory if necessary.
Symptom: Meter Displays Temperature Fault
1. For remote mounted electronics, carefully check all the wiring
connections in the remote mount junction box. There are 18
connections that must be correct, verify each color (black and
red), shield, and wire number.
2. Go to the first level of the hidden diagnostics and check the
resistance of the rtd1. It should be about 1080 ohms at room
temperature.
3. Using ESD precautions and hazardous area precautions,
remove the electronics enclosure window cover. Disconnect
the temperature sensor from the electronics stack or the remote
feed through board. Refer to Figure 5-1 or 5-2. Measure the
resistance across the outside pins of the temperature sensor
connector. It should read approximately 1080 ohms at room
temperature (higher resistance at higher temperatures).
5-12
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Chapter 5 Troubleshooting & Repair
OUTSIDE
OUTSIDE
Figure 5-4.Temperature Sensor Connector
4. Consult factory with findings
Symptom: Meter Displays Pressure Fault
1. For remote mounted electronics, carefully check all the wiring
connections in the remote mount junction box. There are 18
connections that must be correct, verify each color (black and
red), shield, and wire number.
2. Using ESD precautions and hazardous area precautions,
remove the electronics enclosure window cover. Disconnect
the pressure sensor from the electronics stack or the remote
feed through board. Measure the resistance across the outside
pins of the pressure sensor connector, then across the inside
pins. Both readings should be approximately 4000 ohms.
OUTSIDE
INSIDE
OUTSIDE
Figure 5-5.Pressure Sensor Connector
3. Go to the first level of the hidden diagnostics and record the
Pe(V) and Pv(V) values and consult the factory with findings.
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Chapter 5 Troubleshooting & Repair
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Electronics Assembly Replacement (All Meters)
The electronics boards are electrostatically sensitive. Wear a
grounding wrist strap and make sure to observe proper handling
precautions required for static-sensitive components.
1. Turn off power to the unit.
Warning!
Before attempting any flow
meter repair, verify that the
line is not pressurized.
Always remove main power
before disassembling any
part of the mass flow meter.
2. Locate and loosen the small set screw which locks the larger
enclosure cover in place. Unscrew the cover to expose the
electronics stack.
3. Locate the sensor harnesses which come up from the neck of
the flow meter and attaches to the circuit boards. Make note of
the location of each sensor connection. Refer to figures 5-1
and 5-2. The vortex sensor connection is on the left, the
temperature sensor connection (if present) is second form the
left, and the pressure sensor connection (if present) is the right
most connector. Use small pliers to pull the sensor wiring
connectors off of the circuit boards.
4. Locate and loosen the small set screw which locks the smaller
enclosure cover in place. Unscrew the cover to expose the field
wiring strip. Tag and remove the field wires.
5. Remove the screws that hold the black wiring label in place,
remove the label.
6. Locate the 4 Phillips head screws which are spaced at 90degrees around the terminal board. These screws hold the
electronics stack in the enclosure. Loosen these screws (Note:
that these are captive screws, they will stay inside the
enclosure).
7. Carefully remove the electronics stack from the opposite side
of the enclosure. If the electronics stack will not come out,
gently tap the terminal strip with the screw driver handle. This
will loosen the rubber sealing gasket on the other side of the
enclosure wall. Be careful that the stack does not hang up on
the loose sensor harnesses.
8. Repeat steps 1 through 6 in reverse order to install the new
electronics stack.
5-14
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Chapter 5 Troubleshooting & Repair
Pressure Sensor Replacement (AX2200 Models Only)
1. For local mounted electronics, remove the electronics stack as
previously described. For remote mount electronics, remove
all wires and sensor connectors from the remote feed through
board in the junction box at the meter.
2. Loosen the three set screws at the center of the adapter between
the meter and the enclosure.
3. Remove the top half of the adapter to expose the pressure
transducer.
4. Remove the transducer and replace it with the new one using
appropriate thread sealant.
5. Reassemble in reverse order.
Returning Equipment to the Factory
Before returning any AX2000 Series flow meter to the factory,
you must request a Return Material Authorization (RMA)
number. To obtain an RMA number and the correct shipping
address, contact Customer Service at:
888-262-4639 or 602-216-8199 in the USA,
When contacting Customer Service, be sure to have the meter
serial number and model code.
Please see the Meter Troubleshooting Checklist for additional
items which may help with problem isolation. When requesting
further troubleshooting guidance, please record the values on the
checklist at no flow and during flow if possible.
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AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
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Appendix A Specifications
Appendix A Product Specifications
Accuracy
Process
Variables
AX2200 Model In-Line Meters
AX2300 Model Insertion Me(1)
ters
Liquids
Gas & Steam
Liquids
Gas &
Steam
Mass Flow
Rate
±1% of rate
over a 30:1
(3)
range
±1.5% of
(2)
rate over a
(3)
30:1 range
±1.5% of rate
over a 30:1
(3)
range
±2% of
(2)
rate over a
(3)
30:1 range
Volumetric
Flow Rate
±0.7% of
rate over a
30:1
(3)
range
±1% of rate
over a 30:1
(3)
range
±1.2% of rate
over a 30:1
(3)
range
±1.5% of
rate over a
(3)
30:1 range
± 2° F
(± 1° C)
± 2° F
(± 1° C)
± 2° F
(± 1° C)
± 2° F
(± 1° C)
0.3% of
transducer
full scale
0.3% of
transducer
full scale
0.3% of
transducer full
scale
0.3% of
transducer
full scale
0.3% of
reading
0.5% of
(2)
reading
0.3% of
reading
0.5% of
(2)
reading
Temperature
Pressure
Density
Notes:
(1) Accuracies stated are for the total mass flow through the pipe.
(2) Over 50 to 100% of the pressure transducer’s full scale.
(3) Nominal rangeability is stated. Precise rangeability depends on fluid and pipe size.
Repeatability
Mass Flow Rate: 0.2% of rate.
Volumetric Flow Rate: 0.1% of rate.
Temperature: ± 0.2° F (± 0.1° C).
Pressure: 0.05% of full scale.
Density: 0.1% of reading.
Stability Over 12 Months
Mass Flow Rate: 0.2% of rate maximum.
Volumetric Flow Rate: Negligible error.
Temperature: ± 0.1° F (± 0.5° C) maximum.
Pressure: 0.1% of full scale maximum.
Density: 0.1% of reading maximum.
Response Time
Adjustable from 1 to 100 seconds.
Material Capability
AX2200 In-Line Flow Meter:
Any gas, liquid or steam compatible with 316L stainless steel, C276
hastelloy or A105 carbon steel. Not recommended for multi-phase fluids.
AX2300 Insertion Flow Meter:
Any gas, liquid or steam compatible with 316L stainless steel. Not
recommended for multi-phase fluids.
Flow Rates
Typical mass flow ranges are given in the following table. Precise
flow depends on the fluid and pipe size. AX2300 insertion meters are
applicable to pipe sizes from 2 inch and above. Consult factory for
sizing program.
Water Minimum and Maximum Flow Rates
½-inch
¾-inch
1-inch
1.5-inch
2-inch
3-inch
4-inch
6-inch
8-inch
15 mm
20 mm
25 mm
40 mm
50 mm
80 mm
100 mm
150 mm
200 mm
gpm
1
22
1.3
40
2.2
67
5.5
166
9.2
276
21
618
36
1076
81
2437
142
4270
3
.23
5
.3
9.1
0.5
15
1.3
38
2.1
63
4.7
140
8.1
244
18
554
32
970
m /hr
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
A-1
Appendix A Specifications
Pressure
0 psig
100 psig
200 psig
300 psig
400 psig
500 psig
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
0.5
1.8
18
5
138
7
258
8
380
10
502
11
624
Typical Air Minimum and Maximum Flow Rates (SCFM)
o
Air at 70 F
Nominal Pipe Size (in)
0.75
1
1.5
2
3
4
3
5
13
22
50
87
41
90
221
369
826
1437
9
15
38
63
141
245
325
704
1730
2890
6466
11254
13
21
52
86
193
335
609
1322
3248
5427
12140
21131
15
25
63
104
234
407
896
1944
4775
7978
17847
31064
18
29
72
120
269
467
1183
2568
6309
10542
23580
41043
20
33
80
134
300
521
1472
3195
7849
13115
28034
51063
15
3
28
7
165
9
304
11
442
13
582
16
862
Typical Air Minimum and Maximum Flow Rates (nm /hr)
o
Air at 20 C
Nominal Pipe Size (mm)
20
25
40
50
80
100
5
9
21
36
79
138
66
142
350
584
1307
2275
13
21
52
87
194
337
390
847
2080
3476
7775
13533
17
29
70
117
262
457
716
1554
3819
6381
14273
24844
21
34
85
142
317
551
1044
2265
5565
9299
20801
36205
24
40
97
162
363
632
1373
2979
7318
12229
27354
47612
29
48
118
198
442
770
2034
4414
10843
18119
40529
70544
6
198
3258
555
25515
761
47911
922
70431
1060
93057
1182
115775
8
347
5708
972
44698
1332
83931
1615
123375
1857
163000
2071
203000
150
313
5157
764
30682
1035
56329
1250
82087
1434
107949
1745
159942
200
549
9034
1339
53749
1814
98676
2190
143801
2511
189105
3057
280187
3
Pressure
0 barg
5 barg
10 barg
15 barg
20 barg
30 barg
Linear Range
Smart electronics corrects for lower flow down to a Reynolds number of 5,000. The Reynolds
number is calculated using the fluid’s actual temperature and pressure monitored by the meter. Rangeability depends on the fluid, process connections and pipe size. Consult factory for your application.
Typical velocity range ability in standard applications is as follows:
Liquids 30:1
Gases 30:1
A-2
1 foot per second velocity minimum
30 feet per second velocity maximum
10 feet per second velocity minimum
300 feet per second velocity maximum
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
Series AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Pressure
5 psig
100 psig
200 psig
300 psig
400 psig
500 psig
Pressure
0 barg
5 barg
10 barg
15 barg
20 barg
30 barg
Appendix A Specifications
Typical Saturated Steam Minimum and Maximum Flow Rates (lb/hr)
Nominal Pipe Size (in)
0.5
0.75
1
1.5
2
3
4
6
6.5
12
20
49
82
183
318
722
52
122
265
650
1087
2431
4231
9594
15
27
46
112
187
419
728
1652
271
639
1386
3405
5690
12729
22156
50233
20
37
62
151
253
565
983
2229
493
1163
2525
6203
10365
23184
40354
91494
24
45
74
182
304
680
1184
2685
716
1688
3664
9000
15040
33642
58556 132763
28
51
85
209
349
780
1358
3079
941
2220
4816
11831
19770
44222
76971 174516
31
57
95
233
389
870
1514
3433
1170
2760
5988
14711
24582
54987
95710 217001
Typical Saturated Steam Minimum and Maximum Flow Rates (kg/hr)
Nominal Pipe Size (mm)
15
20
25
40
50
80
100
150
3
5
8
19
32
72
126
286
18
42
91
224
375
838
1459
3309
6
11
18
45
75
167
290
658
95
224
485
1192
1992
4455
7754
17581
8
15
24
59
99
222
387
877
168
397
862
2118
3539
7915
13777
31237
9
17
29
71
119
266
463
1050
241
569
1236
3036
5073
11347
19750
44779
11
20
33
81
136
304
529
1199
314
742
1610
3956
6611
14787
25738
58355
13
24
40
99
165
369
642
1455
463
1092
2370
5822
9729
21763
37880
85884
Linear Range
8
1264
16806
2893
87998
3905
160279
4704
232575
5393
305717
6014
380148
200
500
5797
1153
30799
1537
54720
1840
78444
2100
102226
2548
150451
Smart electronics corrects for lower flow down to a Reynolds number of 5,000. The Reynolds
number is calculated using the fluid’s actual temperature and pressure monitored by the meter. Rangeability depends on the fluid, process connections and pipe size. Consult factory for your application.
Typical velocity range ability in standard applications is as follows:
Liquids 30:1
Gases 30:1
1 foot per second velocity minimum
30 feet per second velocity maximum
10 feet per second velocity minimum
300 feet per second velocity maximum
Process Fluid Pressure
AX2200 Pressure Ratings
Process
Connection
Material
Rating
Flanged
316L SS, A105 Carbon Steel, C276 Hastelloy
150, 300, 600 lb, PN16,
PN40, PN64
Wafer
316L SS, A105 Carbon Steel, C276 Hastelloy
600 lb, PN64
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
A-3
Appendix A Specifications
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
AX2300 Pressure Ratings
Probe Seal
Compression
Fitting
Packing Gland
Packing Gland with
Removable Retractor
Packing Gland with
Permanent Retractor
Process
Connection
Material
Rating
Ordering
Code
2-inch MNPT
316L SS
ANSI 600 lb
CNPT
2-inch 150 lb flange,
DN50 PN16
316L SS
ANSI 150
lb, PN16
C150,
C16
2-inch 300 lb flange,
DN50 PN40
316L SS
ANSI 300
lb, PN40
C300,
C40
2-inch 600 lb flange,
DN50 PN64
316L SS
ANSI 600
lb, PN64
C600,
C64
2-inch MNPT
316L SS
50 psig
PNPT
2-inch 150 lb flange,
DN50 PN16
316L SS
50 psig
P150,
P16
2-inch 300 lb flange,
DN50 PN40
316L SS
50 psig
P300,
P40
2-inch MNPT
316L SS
ANSI 300 lb
PM, RR
2-inch 150 lb flange,
DN50, PN16
316L SS
ANSI 150 lb
P150,
P16,RR
2-inch 300 lb flange
316L SS
ANSI 300 lb
P300,
P40, RR
2-inch MNPT
316L SS
ANSI 600 lb
PNPTR
2-inch 150 lb flange,
DN50 PN16
316L SS
ANSI 150 lb
P150R,
P16R
2-inch 300 lb flange,
DN50, PN40
316L SS
ANSI 300 lb
P300R,
P40R
2-inch 600 lb flange,
DN50 PN64
316L SS
ANSI 600 lb
P600R,
P64R
Pressure Transducer Ranges
(1)
Pressure Sensor Ranges , psia (bara)
Full Scale Operating Pressure
Maximum Over-Range Pressure
psia
(bara)
psia
(bara)
30
2
60
4
100
7
200
14
300
20
600
40
500
35
1000
70
1500
100
2500
175
Note: (1) To maximize accuracy, specify the lowest full scale operating pressure range for the application. To avoid damage, the
flow meter must never be subjected to pressure above the
over-range pressure shown above.
Power Requirements
12 to 36 VDC, 25 mA, 1 W max., Loop Powered Volumetric or Mass
12 to 36 VDC, 300 mA, 9 W max. Multiparameter Mass options
100 to 240 VAC, 50/60 Hz, 5 W max. Multiparameter Mass
options
Class I Equipment (Grounded Type)
Installation (Over-voltage) Category II for transient over-voltages
AC & DC Mains supply voltage fluctuations are not to exceed
+/-10% of the rated supply voltage range.
A-4
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
Series AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Appendix A Specifications
User is responsible for the provision of an external Disconnect
Means (and Over-Current Protection) for the equipment (both AC
and DC models).
Display
Alphanumeric 2 x 16 LCD digital display.
Six push-button switches (up, down, right, left, enter, exit) operable
through explosion-proof window using hand-held magnet. Viewing
at 90-degree mounting intervals.
Pocess Fluid and
Ambient Temperature
Process Fluid:
Standard temperature sensor: –330 to 500° F (–200 to 260°C)
High temperature sensor: to 750° F (400° C)
Ambient:
Operating temperature range: –40 to 140° F (–40 to 60° C)
Storage temperature range: –40 to 185° F (–40 to 85° C)
Maximum relative humidity: 0-98%, non-condensing conditions
Maximum altitude: -2000 to 14,000 feet (-610 to 4268 meters)
Pollution Degree 2 for the ambient environment
Output Signals
(1)
Analog: Volumetric Meter: field rangeable linear 4-20 mA output
signal (1200 Ohms maximum loop resistance) selected by user for
mass flow rate or volumetric flow rate.
Communications: HART, MODBUS, RS485, BACnet
Multiparameter Meter: up to three field rangeable linear 4-20 mA
output signals (1200 Ohms maximum loop resistance) selected
from the five parameters–mass flow rate, volumetric flow rate, temperature, pressure and density.
Pulse:Pulse output for totalization is a 50-millisecond duration pulse
operating a solid-state relay capable of switching 40 VDC, 40 mA
maximum.
Note: (1) All outputs are optically isolated and require external power
for operation.
Alarms
Totalizer
Wetted Materials
Up to three programmable solid-state relays for high, low or window
alarms capable of switching 40 VDC, 40 mA maximum.
Based on user-determined flow units, six significant figures in scientific notation. Total stored in non-volatile memory.
AX2200 In-Line Flow Meter:
316L stainless steel standard.
C276 hastelloy or A105 carbon steel optional.
AX2300 Insertion Flow Meter:
316L stainless steel standard.
®
Teflon packing gland below 500° F (260° C).
Graphite packing gland above 500° F (260° C).
Enclosure Protection
Classification
NEMA 4X and IP66 cast enclosure.
Electrical Ports
Two 3/4-inch female NPT ports.
Mounting Connections
AX2200: Wafer, 150, 300, 600 lb ANSI flange, PN16, PN40, PN64
flange.
AX2300 Permanent installation: 2-inch MNPT; 150, 300, 600 lb ANSI
flange, PN16, PN40, PN64 flange with compression fitting probe
seal.
(1)
AX2300 Hot Tap Installation: 2-inch MNPT; 150, 300, 600 lb ANSI
flange, PN16, PN40, PN64 flange and optional retractor with packing gland probe seal.
Note: (1) Removable under line pressure.
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
A-5
Appendix A Specifications
A-6
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Mounting Position
AX2200 In-Line Flow Meter: No effect.
AX2300 Insertion Flow Meter: Meter must be perpendicular within ±
5° of the pipe centerline.
Certifications
Material Certificate – US Mill certs on all wetted parts
Pressure Test Certificate
Certificate of Conformance
NACE Certification (MR0175)
Oxygen Cleaning (CGA G-4.
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
Series AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
Appendix A Specifications
A-7
Appendix A Specifications
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
A-8
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Appendix B Approvals
Appendix B Approvals
FM / FMC Approval
Class I, Division 1, Groups B, C, & D,
Class II/III, Division 1, Groups E, F, & G
Type 4X and IP66, T6 Ta = -40 to 60°C
ATEX-IECEx Specifications / Approval
EN IEC 60079-0 (2006)
Electrical Apparatus for explosive gas atmospheres
General Requirements
EN IEC 60079-1 (2007)
Electrical Apparatus for explosive gas atmospheres
Flameproof enclosures “d”
EN IEC 61241-0 (2006)
EN IEC 61241-1 (2004)
Directive 94/9/EC (1994)
Equipment Intended for use in Potentially Explosive Atmospheres
(ATEX)
Cable entries are ¾ NPT.
ID 0344
II 2 G Ex d IIB + H2 T6
II 2 D Ex tD A21 IP66 T85°C
KEM 08ATEX0083
Ex D IIB + H2 T6
Ex tD A21 IP66 T85°C
IECEx KEM08.0018
Manufactured by VorTek Instruments, 8475 West I-25 Frontage Rd., Longmont, CO
80504 USA (303) 682-9999
Distributed by
Azbil North America, Inc. 9033 N. 24th Ave, Suite 6 Phoenix, AZ 85021
Technical assistance may be obtained by contacting Customer Service at:
(888) 262-4639 or (602) 216-8199 in the USA
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev 4, 4/2014)
B-1
Appendix B Approvals
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
EC- Declaration of Conformity
We
VorTek Instruments 8475 West I‐25 Frontage Rd. Longmont, CO 80504 USA
hereby declare in our sole responsibility, that the product
AX2000 Series Models AX2200, AX2300
Multiparameter Vortex Flowmeters
which is the subject of this declaration, is in conformity with the following standard(s), or normative documents.
Terms of the directive
Title and/or No. and date of issue of the standard
94/9 EC of 23rd March: Equipment and protective
systems intended for use in potentially explosive
atmospheres
EN 60079-0: 2006
EN 60079-1: 2007
EN 61241: 2006
EN 61241-1: 2004
EC-Type Examination Certificate:
KEMA 08ATEX0083
Notified Body
DEKRA Certification B.V.
Utrechtseweg 310, 6812 AR
The Netherlands
0344
__________________________________
Managing Director
__________________________________
Quality Manager
Rev 2
B-2
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Appendix C Flow Meter Calculations
Appendix C Flow Meter Calculations
In-Line Flow Meter Calculations
Volume Flow Rate
QV 
f
K
Mass Flow Rate
QM  QV 
Flowing Velocity
Vf 
QV
A
Where:
A = Cross sectional area of the pipe (ft^2)
f = Vortex shedding frequency (pulses / sec)
K = Meter factor corrected for thermal expansion (pulses / ft^3)
QM = Mass flow rate (lbm / sec)
Qv = Volume flow rate (ft^3 / sec)
Vf = Flowing velocity (ft / sec)
= Density (lbm / ft^3)
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
C-1
Appendix C Flow Meter Calculations
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Insertion Flow Meter Calculations
Flowing Velocity
Vf 
f
Kc
Volume Flow Rate
QV  V f A
Mass Flow Rate
QM  V f A
Where:
A = Cross sectional area of the pipe (ft^2)
f = Vortex shedding frequency (pulses / sec)
Kc = Meter factor corrected for Reynolds Number (pulses / ft)
Qv = Volume flow rate (ft^3 / sec)
QM = Mass flow rate (lbm / sec)
Vf = Flowing velocity (ft / sec)
= Density (lbm / ft^3)
C-2
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Appendix C Flow Meter Calculations
Fluid Calculations
Calculations for Steam T & P
When “Steam T & P” is selected in the “Real Gas” selection of the Fluid
Menu, the calculations are based on the equations below.
Density
The density of steam is calculated from the formula given by Keenan and
Keys. The given equation is for the volume of the steam.
v
4.555.04  T
B
p
B  B0  B0 g1 ( )  p  B0 g 2 ( ) 3  p 3  B0 g 3 ( ) 12  p12
2
4
B0  1.89  2641.62  1080870
13
2
g1 ( )  82.546   1.6246 105  2
g 2 ( )  0.21828  1.2697 105  2
g 3 ( )  3.635 10 4  6.768 1064  24
Where tau is 1/ temperature in Kelvin.
The density can be found from 1/(v/ standard density of water).
Viscosity
The viscosity is based on an equation given by Keenan and Keys.
 ( poise) 
1.50110 5 T
1  446.8 / T
Where T is the temperature in Kelvin
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
C-3
Appendix C Flow Meter Calculations
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Calculations for Gas (“Real Gas” and “Other Gas”)
Use this formula to determine the settings for “Real Gas; Gas” selections
and “Other Gas” selections entered in the Fluid Menu. The calculations
for gas were taken from Richard W. Miller, Flow Measurement Engineering Handbook (Third Edition, 1996).
Density
The density for real gases is calculated from the equation:

GM w, Air p f
Z f R0T f
Where G is the specific gravity, Mw is the molecular weight of
air, pf is the flowing pressure, Z is flowing compressibility, Ro is
the universal gas constant, and T is the flowing temperature.
The specific gravity, and Ro are known and are stored in a table used by
the Vortex meter.
The hard coefficient to find is the compressibility, Z. Z is found using the
Redlich-Kwong Equation (Miller page 2-18).
The Redlich-Kwong Equation uses the reduced temperature and pressure
to calculate the compressibility factor. The equations are non linear and
an iterative solution is used. The Vortex program uses Newton’s Method
on the Redlich-Kwong equations to iteratively find the compressibility
factor. The critical temperature and pressure used in the Redlich-Kwong
equation are stored in the fluid data table with the other coefficients.
Viscosity
The viscosity for real gases is calculated using the exponential equation
for two known viscosities. The equation is:
 cP  aTKn
Where a and n are found from two known viscosities at
two temperatures.
n
and
a
C-4
ln[( cP ) 2 /( cP )1 ]
ln(TK 2 / TK1 )
(  cP )1
TKn1
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Appendix C Flow Meter Calculations
Calculations for Liquid
Use this formula to determine the settings for “Goyal-Dorais” selections
and “Other Liquid” selections entered in the Fluid Menu. The liquid calculations were taken from Richard W. Miller, Flow Measurement Engineering Handbook (Third Edition, 1996).
Density
The liquid density is found using the Goyal-Doraiswamy Equation. Goyal-Doraiswamy uses the critical compressibility, critical pressure and
critical temperature, along with the molecular weight to find the density.
The equation for specific gravity is:
GF 
T
pc Mw  0.008
 0.773  0.01102 f
Tc  Z c
TC



The specific gravity can then be converted into density.
Viscosity
The liquid viscosity is found by Andrade's equation. This uses two viscosities at different temperatures to extrapolate the viscosity.
Andrade's equation:
  AL exp
BL
Tdeg R
To find A and B
BL 
AL 
Tdeg R1Tdeg R 2 ln(1 /  2 )
Tdeg R 2  Tdeg R1
1
exp(BL / Tdeg R1 )
The temperatures are all in degrees Rankin. Do not believe the subscript
R means they are reduced temperatures.
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
C-5
Appendix C Flow Meter Calculations
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
C-6
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
Appendix D Glossary
Appendix D Glossary
A B C D
A
Cross sectional area.
ACFM
Actual Cubic Feet Per Minute (volumetric flow rate).
ASME
American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
Bluff Body
A non-streamlined body placed into a flow stream to
create vortices. Also called a Shedder Bar.
BTU
British Thermal Unit, an energy measurement.
Cenelec
European Electrical Code.
Compressibility
Factor
A factor used to correct for the non-ideal changes in
a fluid’s density due to changes in temperature
and/or pressure.
CSA
Canadian Standards Association.
d
Width of a bluff body or shedder bar.
D
Diameter of a flow channel.
E F G H
f
Frequency of vortices generated in a vortex flow
meter, usually in Hz.
Flow Channel
A pipe, duct, stack, or channel containing flowing fluid.
Flow Profile
A map of the fluid velocity vector (usually nonuniform) in a cross-sectional plane of a flow channel
(usually along a diameter).
FM
Factory Mutual.
Ft
Foot, 12 inches, a measure of length.
Ft^2
Square feet, measure of area.
Ft^3
Cubic feet, measure of volume.
GPM
Gallons Per Minute.
Hz
Hertz, cycles per second.
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
D-1
Appendix D Glossary
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
I J K L
In-Line Flow Meter
A flow meter which includes a short section of piping
which is put in-line with the user’s piping.
Insertion Flow Meter
A flow meter which is inserted into a hole in the user’s pipeline.
Joule
A unit of energy equal to one watt for one second. Also equal to a Newton-meter.
LCD
Liquid crystal display.
M N O P
D-2
m
Mass flow rate.
mA
Milli-amp, one thousandth of an ampere of current.

Viscosity, a measure of a fluid’s resistance to shear stress.
Honey has high viscosity, alcohol has low viscosity.
nm3/hr
Normal cubic meters per hour (flow rate converted to
normal conditions, as shipped 101 kPa and 0° C).
User definable.
P
Permanent pressure loss.
P
Line pressure (psia or bar absolute).
act
The density of a fluid at the actual temperature and
pressure operating conditions.
std
The density of a fluid at standard conditions (usually
14.7 psia and 20° C).
Permanent
Pressure Loss
Unrecoverable drop in pressure.
Piezoelectric Crystal
A material which generates an electrical charge
when the material is put under stress.
PRTD
An resistance temperature detector (RTD) with platinum as its element. Used because of high stability.
psia
Pounds per square inch absolute
(equals psig + atmospheric pressure). Atmospheric
pressure is typically 14.696 psi at sea level.
psig
Pounds per square inch gauge.
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
PV
Appendix D Glossary
Liquid vapor pressure at flowing conditions (psia or
bar absolute).
Q R S T
Q
Flow rate, usually volumetric.
Rangeability
Highest measurable flow rate divided by the lowest
measurable flow rate.
Reynolds Number
or Re
A dimensionless number equal to the density of a fluid
times the velocity of the fluid times the diameter of the
fluid channel, divided by the fluid viscosity (i.e., Re =
VD/). The Reynolds number is an important number for vortex flow meters because it is used to determine the minimum measurable flow rate. It is the ratio
of the inertial forces to the viscous forces in a flowing
fluid.
RTD
Resistance temperature detector, a sensor whose
resistance increases as the temperature rises.
scfm
Standard cubic feet per minute (flow rate converted
to standard conditions, as shipped 14.696 psia and
59° F). User definable.
Shedder Bar
A non-streamlined body placed into a flow stream to
create vortices. Also called a Bluff Body.
Strouhal Number
or St
A dimensionless number equal to the frequency
of vortices created by a bluff body times the width of
the bluff body divided by the velocity of the flowing
fluid (i.e., St = fd/V). This is an important number for
vortex flow meters because it relates the vortex frequency to the fluid velocity.
Totalizer
An electronic counter which records the total accumulated flow over a certain range of time.
Traverse
The act of moving a measuring point across the
width of a flow channel.
U V W X Y Z
Uncertainty
The closeness of agreement between the result of a
measurement and the true value of the measurement.
V
Velocity or voltage.
VAC
Volts, alternating current.
VDC
Volts, direct current.
VORTEX
An eddy of fluid.
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
D-3
Appendix D Glossary
AX2200/AX2300 Instruction Manual
D-4
CM2-AX2000-2001 (Rev. 4, 4/2014)
Azbil Corporation