Sharp QT-80W Instruction manual

ECG for T5 fluorescent lamps
Technical Guideline
Electronic Control
Gear to operate
T5/Ø 16 mm
fluorescent lamps
ECG to operate
T5-fluorescent lamps
Features
Product Overview
Technical Details
Instruction Manual
Tender Documents
FAQ
May 2005
Contents
1. Introduction.......................................................................................... 6
1.1
History..................................................................................... 6
1.2
T5/∅ 16 mm-Fluorescent Lamps............................................ 7
1.2.1 High Efficiency FH®…HE........................................................ 8
1.2.2 High Output FQ®…HO............................................................ 8
1.2.3 Fluorescent Circular FC® ........................................................ 8
1.2.4 Comparison of Lumens between T8/∅ 26 mm- and
T5/∅ 16 mm-Fluorescent Lamps............................................ 8
1.3
Electronic Control Gear .......................................................... 8
1.4
Different Principles, Different Behavior................................... 9
1.5
Advantages of Electronic Control Gear .................................. 9
1.6
Saving Energy with Electronic Control Gear........................... 9
1.7
Ignition of Fluorescent Lamps............................................... 10
1.8
Costs and Safety .................................................................. 10
1.9
Flexibility upon Request........................................................ 10
1.10
ECG bring Progress.............................................................. 10
1.11
The right ECG for every Application ..................................... 10
1.12
OSRAM ECG Milestones...................................................... 11
2. Product Features ............................................................................... 12
2.1
Lighting Comfort ................................................................... 12
2.2
Economy............................................................................... 12
2.3
Safety.................................................................................... 12
2.4
Supply Voltage...................................................................... 13
2.4.1 Overvoltage and its Reason ................................................. 13
2.4.2 Possible Implications due to Overvoltage............................. 14
2.4.3 Undervoltage and its Reason ............................................... 14
2.4.4 Possible Implications due to Undervoltage........................... 14
2.4.5 Supply Voltage QT with 21 mm height ................................ 14
2.4.6 Supply Voltage for QT with 30 mm height ............................ 15
2.4.7 ECG for 120V / 277V Line Voltage ....................................... 15
2.5
Automatic Lamp Restart ....................................................... 15
2.5.1 Lamp ignition for QTi ............................................................ 16
2.5.2 Lamp ignition for QT to operate T5-fluorescent lamps ......... 16
2.5.3 Off- Time for Optimum Preheat Start.................................... 16
2.6
Behaviour in Response to Lamp Defects ............................. 16
2.6.1 One-Lamp Operation with Multi-Lamp ECG ......................... 16
2.7
Noise..................................................................................... 17
2.8
Power Factor λ ..................................................................... 18
2.9
ECG Imprint .......................................................................... 19
2.10
Reliability .............................................................................. 19
2.11
Resistance to Frequent Switching ........................................ 19
2.12
ECG Lifetime ........................................................................ 19
2.13
Thermal influences of the system components .................... 20
2.14
cut-off Technology ................................................................ 20
2.14.1 Advantages for Users ........................................................... 21
2.14.2 Physical Background ............................................................ 21
1
2.15
2.16
2.17
2.18
2.19
2.20
End of Life (EoL acc. to T.2) ................................................ 22
U-OUT .................................................................................. 22
Approval Marks..................................................................... 23
2.17.1 ENEC-Approval Mark ........................................................... 23
2.17.1.1 Safety acc. to EN 61347 ............................................ 23
2.17.1.2 Performance acc. to EN 60929 .................................. 23
2.17.2 VDE EMC mark .................................................................... 23
Energie Efficiency Index EEI ................................................ 24
CE Labelling ......................................................................... 24
CCC Approval....................................................................... 25
3. ECG installed in Luminaire: Installations and Operation
Instructions 26
3.1
Wiring Instructions ................................................................ 26
3.1.1 Cable Types.......................................................................... 26
3.1.2 Cable Cross-Sections ........................................................... 26
3.1.2.1 ECG in 30 mm height................................................. 27
3.1.2.2 ECG in 21 mm height................................................. 27
3.1.3 Release of Contacts ............................................................. 27
3.1.3.1 WAGO 250................................................................. 27
3.1.3.2 WAGO 251 – IDC....................................................... 27
3.1.3.3 WAGO 251 – horizontal plug ..................................... 28
3.1.3.4 WAGO 251 mini – IDC ............................................... 28
3.1.3.5 WAGO 251 mini – horizontal plug.............................. 28
3.1.4 Insulation .............................................................................. 29
3.1.5 Terminals .............................................................................. 29
3.1.6 Cable routing ........................................................................ 29
3.2
Electromagnetic Compatibility .............................................. 30
3.2.1 Harmonic Content acc. to EN 61000-3-2.............................. 30
3.2.2 Radio interference suppression ............................................ 31
3.2.2.1 Causes of Radio Interference .................................... 31
3.2.2.2 Conducted Interferences acc. to EN 55015 ............... 31
3.2.2.3 Disturbances due to Fields......................................... 32
3.2.2.4 Selective Shielding..................................................... 32
3.2.2.5 Installation Instructions for avoiding Disturbance....... 33
3.2.2.6 Asymmetric installation of ECG.................................. 34
3.2.2.7 Good wiring arrangement for 2-lamp luminaires ........ 35
3.2.2.8 Luminaires with reflector and/or specular louvres...... 35
3.3
Permissible Cable Lengths ................................................... 36
3.4
„Hot Wires“............................................................................ 36
3.5
Switching between Lamp and ECG ...................................... 37
3.6
Master-Slave Circuit ............................................................. 37
3.6.1 Max. length of the connecting cable between 2 luminaries .. 38
3.7
PE-Connection for Protection Class I Luminaires................. 38
3.8
Functional Earth for Luminaires of Protection Class II......... 39
3.8.1 General Information .............................................................. 40
3.8.2 Practical Details .................................................................... 40
3.9
Temperature Ranges............................................................ 41
3.9.1 Self heating ECG .................................................................. 41
3.9.2 Control Gaer Temperatures.................................................. 42
2
3.10
3.11
3.12
3.13
3.14
3.15
3.16
3.17
3.9.2.1 Measuring Point Temperature tc................................ 42
3.9.2.2 Ambient Temperature ECG : ta.................................. 43
3.9.3 Lamp Temperature ............................................................... 43
3.9.3.1 Maximum Luminous Flux for T5/∅ 16 mm-Fluorescent
Lamps ........................................................................ 43
3.9.4 General Recommendations for Installation........................... 44
3.9.5 Measuring the Temperature ................................................. 44
Luminaire Wiring Test for Two-lamp Luminaires .................. 45
3.10.1 Testing with a Test Adapter and Dummy Lamps.................. 45
ECG Operation for Luminaires of Protection Classes I and II48
Insulation Distances in Luminaires ....................................... 48
Insulation Test ...................................................................... 48
3.13.1 Dielectric Resistance in Lighting Systems ............................ 49
3.13.2 Mesuring the Dielectric Resistance between N and PE or L
and PE .................................................................................. 49
3.13.3 Three-Phase Operation ........................................................ 50
3.13.4 Resistance to Overvoltage for QUICKTRONIC for
T5/∅16mm- Fluorescent Lamps........................................... 50
Inrush Current / Automatic Circuit Breakers ......................... 50
RCDs / Fault Currents .......................................................... 51
Leakage Current ................................................................... 51
ECGs in Three-Phase Operation.......................................... 51
4. Lamp Wiring ....................................................................................... 53
4.1
h = 21 mm............................................................................. 53
4.1.1 QUICKTRONIC® INTELLIGENT 1-lamp version .................. 53
4.1.2 QUICKTRONIC ® INTELLIGENT 2-lamp version ................. 53
4.1.3 QT-FH MULTIWATT F/CW................................................... 53
4.1.4 QT-FQ F/CW 1-lamp version................................................ 53
4.1.5 QT-FQ F/CW 2-lamp version................................................ 54
4.2
h= 30 mm.............................................................................. 54
4.2.1 QT-FH MULTIWATT 1- and 2-lamp version ......................... 54
4.2.2 QT-FH 3- and 4-lamp version ............................................... 54
4.2.3 QT-FQ 1-lamp version .......................................................... 55
4.2.4 QT-FQ 2-lamp version .......................................................... 55
5. QUICKTRONIC INTELLIGENT........................................................... 56
5.1
Definition INTELLIGENT....................................................... 56
5.2
Lamp Detection as Fundamental Advantage........................ 56
5.3
QTi – the High-tech ECG...................................................... 56
5.4
QTi – Advantages ................................................................. 56
5.5
QTi – Practically Applied....................................................... 57
5.6
Technical Specialties for non-dimmable QTi ........................ 57
5.6.1 Inrush current limitation ........................................................ 57
5.6.2 Resistance to Overvoltage up to 400V ................................. 58
5.6.3 Lamp-ECG-Combination ...................................................... 58
5.6.3.1 Straight Fluorescent types ......................................... 58
5.6.3.2 Compact and Circular lamp types .............................. 59
5.6.4 Wiring ....................................................................................59
3
5.7
5.6.5 Dimensions ........................................................................... 60
FAQ ...................................................................................... 60
6. Special Applications ......................................................................... 61
6.1
Outdoor Application .............................................................. 61
6.1.1 Installation Instructions ......................................................... 61
6.1.2 OUTKIT................................................................................. 62
6.2
T5-ECG in Sound Studios .................................................... 62
6.2.1 Noise and how to avoid it...................................................... 62
6.2.2 Recommended minimum distance between lamp and
refelctor................................................................................. 63
6.3
Treatment Rooms, Operating Rooms................................... 64
6.3.1 Electromagnetic Interference................................................ 64
6.3.2 Interference from Infrared Transmission Equipment ............ 65
6.4
Electronic Tagging ................................................................ 65
6.5
Emergency Lighting .............................................................. 65
6.5.1 Different criteria for lighting................................................... 67
6.5.1.1 Switch-over time for QTi – h=21 mm ......................... 67
6.5.1.2 Switch-over time for QT-FH…CW – h=30 mm........... 67
6.5.1.3 Switch-over time for QT-FQ…CW – h=30 mm .......... 67
6.5.1.4 Switch-over time for QT-…F/CW – h=21 mm ............ 67
6.5.2 Wiring diagrams for emergency lighting units....................... 68
6.5.2.1 Wiring diagram QT-FH 3x14 CW with emergency
lighting component from BAG .................................... 68
6.5.2.2 Wiring diagram QT-FH 4x14 CW with emergency
lighting component from BAG .................................... 68
6.5.2.3 Wiring diagram QT-FH 3x14 CW with emergency
lighting component from OMNITRONIX..................... 69
6.5.2.4 Wiring diagram QT-FH 4x14 CW with emergency
lighting component from OMNITRONIX..................... 69
6.6
DC supply ............................................................................. 69
6.7
Portable Luminaires.............................................................. 70
6.8
Mix-up of FH®- and FQ®-Fluorescent Lamps........................ 70
7. Appendix ............................................................................................ 72
7.1
Overview of Maximum Cable Lengths .................................. 72
7.1.1 QUICKTRONIC® INTELLIGENT........................................... 72
7.1.2 QT-FH MULTI...CW .............................................................. 72
7.1.3 QT-FQ...CW -30 mm height- ................................................ 72
7.1.4 QT-FH MULTI…F/CW -21 mm height- ................................. 72
7.1.5 QT-FQ…F/CW -21 mm height-............................................. 73
7.1.6 QT-FC................................................................................... 73
7.2
Terminal Types ..................................................................... 73
7.3
Inrush Currents ..................................................................... 73
7.4
Lamp/ECG Combinations ..................................................... 74
7.5
OSRAM Installation Tips for T5-Systems ............................. 74
7.5.1 Recommended Minimum Distance between Lamp and
Reflector ............................................................................... 75
7.5.2 Recommended Minimum Distance between two T5/∅16mmFluorescent Lamps ............................................................... 75
4
7.5.3 Luminaire Optimisation ......................................................... 76
7.5.4 Maximum luminous flux for FH…HE fluorescent lamps ....... 76
7.5.5 Verticalness Operation ......................................................... 76
8. Troubleshooting Tips ........................................................................ 77
8.1
General ................................................................................. 77
8.2
Equipment Behaviour on Overvoltage .................................. 77
8.3
Equipment Behaviour on Under Voltage .............................. 78
8.4
Application faults................................................................... 78
8.4.1 Wiring faults on the lamp side............................................... 78
8.4.2 Short-to-ground at the output of QUICKTRONIC® ECG....... 78
8.4.3 Effects of moisture ................................................................ 78
8.4.4 Installing luminaires in draughty locations ............................ 78
8.5
Trouble Shooting .................................................................. 79
8.5.1 Lamp does not start .............................................................. 79
8.5.2 Brief Glimmer........................................................................ 80
8.5.3 Lamp goes out during operation ........................................... 81
8.5.4 Different brightness levels .................................................... 82
8.5.5 Fault in other electrical equipment........................................ 83
8.5.6 Problems at master-slave operation ..................................... 83
8.5.7 Humingh or “chirping” from the ECG .................................... 83
9. Lamp-ECG Combinations ................................................................. 84
9.1
FQ®...HO-Fluorescent Lamps............................................... 84
9.2
FH®...HE-Fluorescent Lamps ............................................... 85
9.3
FC®…Fluorescent Lamps ..................................................... 85
10. Tender Documents ............................................................................ 87
10.1
QUICKTRONIC® INTELLIGENT QTi.................................... 87
10.2
QUICKTRONIC® MULTIWATT for FH…HE h = 30 mm ...... 87
10.3
QUICKTRONIC® for FQ…HO h = 30 mm ............................ 88
11. Index ................................................................................................... 89
5
1. Introduction
1.1
History
The development of linear fluorescent goes back to the thirties of the 20th
century. The diameter of 51mm was very voluminous. However, better
efficiency did not come up before the fifties.
1879
1968
Kohlefaden-Glühlampe
von Thomas A. Edison
Incandescent lamps with carbon filament
by Thomas A. Edison
1910
Glühlampen mit Wolfram-Wendel
Incandescent lamps with tungsten coils
1925
1985
POWERSTAR HQI
Halogen-Metalldampflampen
POWERSTAR HQI
metal halide lamps
OSRAM DULUX® EL Kompaktleuchtstofflampen mit elektronischem Vorschaltgerät
OSRAM DULUX® EL energy-saving lamps
with electronic control gear
1970
1987
HMI METALLOGEN® Lampen
HMI METALLOGEN® lamps
POWERSTAR HQI-T
Halogen-Metalldampflampen
POWERSTAR HQI-T
compact metal halide lamps
1971
1991
BILUX® Zweidraht-Scheinwerferlampen
BILUX® two-wire headlight lamps
BILUX® H4
Halogen-Zweidraht-Scheinwerferlampen
BILUX® H4
two-wire halogen headlight lamps for auromobiles
1931
1973
1993
HALOSTAR Niedervolt-Halogenglühlampen
HALOSTAR low-voltage tungsten-halogen lamps
COLORSTAR DSX-T 80W
Natrium-Xenonlampen
COLORSTAR DSX-T 80W
sodium xenon lamps
1933
1979
1993
Natriumdampf-Niederdrucklampen
Low-pressure sodium vapor lamps
D1 Gasentladungslampen
D1 gas discharge lamps
LUMILUX®
Leuchtstofflampen
LUMILUX®
fluorescent lamps
Quecksilberdampf-Hochdrucklampen
High-pressure mercury vapor lamps
1936
FM Mini-Leuchtstofflampen / FM mini fluorescent
lamps
1980
Leuchtstofflampen
Fluorescent lamps
1995
EVG QUICKTRONIC® DE LUXE / ECG
QUICKTRONIC® DE LUXE
1954
FH Hocheffiziente Leuchtstofflampen / FH highefficient fluorescent lamps
Anwendungsbereich: AC/DC 198 V bis 254 V
Geeignet f r Batteriespannungen 154 V bis 276 V
Zur Verwendung in Anlagen nach VDE 0108 geeignet
Range of application: AC/DC 198 V to 254 V
Range of battery voltage: 154 V to 276 V
Suitable for emergency installations acc. to VDE 0108
OSRAM DULUX® L
Kompakt-Leuchtstofflampen
OSRAM DULUX® L
compact fluorescent lamps
1968
1984
VIALOX® NAV Standard
Natriumdampf-Hochdrucklampen
VIALOX® NAV Standard
high-pressure sodium vapor lamps
2
3
class B
0712T201
OW2
1982
XBO Xenon-Hochdrucklampen
XBO high-pressure
xenon lamps
1
L
P L (W)U N (V)f N (Hz)I N (A) lta ( C)
22050600,090,95 C
1xL18 W1x16-2050
2400,0850,93 C
Temp.-Test
tc = 70 C max.
DECOSTAR Niedervolt-Halogenglühlampen
mit Kaltlichtreflektor
DECOSTAR low-voltage tungsten-halogen
lamps with dichroic reflectors
Made in Germany
OSRAM
4
1996
FQ Lichtstarke Leuchtstofflampe / FQ high power
fluorescent lamps
1997
OSRAM ENDURA Die elektrodenlose
Hochleistungsleuchtstofflampe
OSRAM ENDURA The high-performance
electrodeless fluorescent lamp
The improvements according to the luminous flux and lifetime with the T12
lamp (38 mm diameter) made an economic and even outdoor application
possible. There were continuous improvements for optimizations as for
example Amalgamtechnology. In this term fluorescent lamps were operated
by conventional control gears (CCG).
The decisive breakthrough was at the end of the 70s and early 80s. In the
year 1978, a new T8/∅ 26 mm- lamp generation started to replace
T12/∅38mm- fluorescent lamps. New phosphors with higher resistance
came into the market. Nowadays known under triband-phosphor (LUMILUX
light colours). The diameter of the lamps was reduced from 38mm to 26mm
however the length was kept with 59, 120 and 150 cm as the sockets G13.
The new wattage of 18, 36 and 58 W was advantageous as it was a
reduction of at least 10% compared to the T12/∅38 mm lamps in 20, 40
and 65 W.
This was also the hour of birth for the Electronic Control Gears (ECG). First
the circuits were in a instant start mode what also was called softstart up to
the programmed or preheat start. Together with modern Electronic Control
Gear QUICKTRONIC T8/∅26 mm- fluorescent lamps became even more
efficient and longer lasting. In addition, the thermal behavior of the
luminous flux was improved.
The T8-system was permanently improved as the example of the tribandphosphor shows with a very high service life of the fluorescent lamp.
In 1995, the next milestone of fluorecent lamp development saw the
introduction of new FH...HE (High Efficiency) systems to the market. With
the reduced diameter of 16 mm only the lamp was designed. It is available
in 14, 21, 28 and 35 W with the G5 sockets. It is 50 mm shorter as the T8
fluorescent lamps.
T5 fluorescent lamps only can be operated by Electronic Control Gear. So
the light output and the life time of the lamp were designed from the
beginning to an optimum of up to 104 lm/W. The maximum luminous flux of
the T5 lamps is at 35 °C compared to 25 °C at T8 or T12 lamps. The
reduced lamp diameter of 16 mm as the maximum lumen output at 35 °C
are the relevant feature for a higher efficiency of the fixture.
6
In 1996, the T5 lamp family was completed with the types of higher lumens
than volume FQ®…HO (High Output)-fluorescent lamps. They are available
in the wattage of 24, 39, 49, 54 and 80 W with the identical lengths as the
FH…HE types. With up to 7000 lm for FQ 80 W HO this is the lamp family
with the highest light output.
In 1999, the third member of the T5/∅ 16 mm-lamp family was introduced
to the market. Away from usual light strips, compact, efficient and
unconventional luminaires benefit from this new, circular FC®-lamp: 50 %
more light output than with comparable standard circular lamps.
Special Note:
Independent of the lamp diameter of the fluorescent lamp the luminous flux
is specified for an ambient temperature of 25 °C. These values are
exclusive to be used for light plannings. The value of the luminous flux is
for the T5/∅ 16 mm fluorescent lamps FH®...HE and FQ®...HO for 25 °C
below the values for 35 °C. The values at 35 °C ambient temperature are
only for information. The Circular lamps FC® only have value of luminous
flux at 25 °C. The advantages of the T5/∅ 16 mm fluorescent lamps show
their advantages in the improved efficiency of the fixture.
Detailed technical information about QUICKTRONIC® are shown in the
latest indoor outdoor lighting and can be downloaded under
www.osra.de/ecg.
QUCKTRONIC® for the operation of the T5/∅ 16 mm fluorescent lamps
have all features of a high quality ECG.
Good radio interference suppression
Mains harmonics
Reliability of the ECG
Lamp operation to standards
EN 55015
CISPR 15
IEC 61000-3-2
EN 61000-3-2
IEC 61347-2-3
EN 61347-2-3
IEC 60929
EN 60929
max.Interference voltage [dB µV]
Mains harmonics [%]
110
90
80
70
66
60
56
10 -2
10
-1
10
0
10
1
10
2
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
z
Limit values
to IEC
z
z
3.
Frequency [MHz]
5.
7.
9.
11.
Power regulation
Minimum ECG life
At higher ambient temperatures
z
z
z
30
20
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
Tube wall temperature [°C]
18.
2
4
6
8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24
Reliable ignition
Long-life electrolytic capacitor
(50,000h at tc max)
Optimised circuit
Low self heating
100
80
60
40
20
0
90°C
0
20
60°C
70°C
40
60
at low temperatures
Lamps starting [%]
100
Measuring
point tc
Functional ECG [%]
40
ECG
10.
CCG
Time of usage in hours [tsd]
Immunity
50
T5/∅ 16 mmFluorescent Lamps
80
70
60
50
13.
P Gas [W ]
1.2
100
90
Harmonics
IEC 61547
EN 61547
230 V
50 Hz
rel. system luminous flux [%]
All insulated
Compliance with creepage and
clearance distances
ECG shutdown in case of failure
80
100
80
EVG
KVG
60
40
50°C
20
120
140
Hours of operation [tsd]
-30
-25
-20
-15
-10
-5
0
0
Ambient temperature [°C]
The diameter and also the description of the new fluorescent lamp family is
based on American measures: (1 inch = 25.4 mm)
The value is combined with a T (tube).
5/8 of an inch = 16 mm Î T5-fluorescent lamp
Classification:
T2
tube diameter of 7 mm
T5
tube diameter of 16 mm
T8
tube diameter of 26 mm
T12
tube diameter of 38 mm
T17
tube diameter of 51 mm (1936)
7
Consecutively the important data of the FH…HE, FQ…HO and FC
fluorescent lamps are shown.
1.2.1
High Efficiency
FH®…HE
1.2.2
High Output FQ®…HO
1.2.3
Fluorescent Circular
FC®
type
length [mm]
lumens at
ta=25 °C
549
1200
FH® 14W HE
®
849
1900
FH 21W HE
1149
2600
FH® 28W HE
1449
3300
FH® 35W HE
Values for light colors 827, 830, 840
lumens at
ta=35 °C
1350
2100
2900
3650
type
length [mm]
lumens at
ta=35 °C
2000
3500
4900
5000
7000
type
∅ [mm]
lumens at
ta=25 °C
549
1750
FQ® 24W HO
®
849
3100
FQ 39W HO
1149
4300
FQ® 54W HO
1449
4450
FQ® 80W HO
1449
6150
FQ® 49W HO
Values for light colors 827, 830, 840
lumens at
ta=25 °C
®
225
1800
FC 22W
®
300
3200
FC 40W
®
300
4200
FC 55W
Values for light colors 827, 830, 840
Detailed technical data of T5/∅ 16 mm-fluorescent lamps can be found in
the OSRAM product catalogue and under www.OSRAM.com.
1.2.4
Comparison of
Lumens between
T8/∅ 26 mm- and
T5/∅ 16 mmFluorescent Lamps
Fluorescent lamp innovation: T8 Î T5
T8 (Ø 26 mm)
600 mm
900 mm
1.200 mm
1.500 mm
18 W
30 W
36 W
58 W
1.350 lm
2.400 lm
3.350 lm
5.000 lm
550 mm
850 mm
1.150 mm
1.450 mm
FH
14 W
1.200 lm
21 W
1.900 lm
28 W
2600 lm
35 W
3.300 lm
FQ
24 W
39 W
54 W
49 W / 80 W
1.750 lm
3.100 lm
4.450 lm
4.300 lm / 6.150 lm
Luminous flux at 25°C
T5 (Ø 16 mm)
Luminous flux at 25°C
1.3
Electronic Control Gear
Since the early seventies Electronic Control Gear have been used in
computers and consumer electronics. As this technology offers substantial
advantages, it was only natural to use it also for lighting purposes. Linear
and compact fluorescent lamps must be operated with ballasts, as the
process of gas discharge requires well defined currents and voltages. The
8
ballast is responsible for preheating the lamp electrodes, for sufficient
ignition voltage and for limiting the lamp current.
1.4
Different Principles,
Different Behavior
The basic functions that are mentioned in chapter 1.3, can usually be
carried out with electromagnetic (inductive) ballasts. These ballasts are
classified into conventional control gear (CCG) and low loss ballasts (LLG).
The latter follow the same principle as CCG, however, due to different
engineering design they consume less energy. The much better solution is
to operate fluorescent lamps with Electronic Control Gear (ECG). Besides
the advantages of flicker-free lighting, longer lamp life and higher system
efficacy (lamp + ECG), features such as lamp ignition, limitation of the lamp
current and compensation are integrated into the ECG. Most Electronic
Control Gear are also suitable for DC operation, which means they can be
used in emergency lighting installations.
T5/ ∅ 16 mm fluorescent lamps FH®…HE, FQ®…HO and FC® can only be
operated by Electronic Control Gear.
If fluorescent lamps are operated with magnetic ballasts (principle of
magnetic coil, CCG and also low loss ballast), the lamp current equals the
frequency of the mains voltage. The resulting stroboscopic effect can be
dangerous in cases where people work with rotary machines. Every time,
the voltage goes through zero, the lamp current does the same until the
lamp is reignited: for every lamp ignition new carriers for the electric charge
have to be build up within the gas discharge.
1.5
Advantages of
Electronic Control Gear
LOWER
ENERGY
CONSUMPTION
(25 – 30%)
CALM AND
FLICKERFREE
LIGHT
Saving Energy with
Electronic Control Gear
LOW MAGNETIC
STRAYFIELD
FLICKERFREE
START
LONGER
LAMP LIFE
(approx. 50%)
(spec. version)
LESS WASTE
DISPOSAL
(approx. 30%)
AUTOMATIC
SWITCH OFF AT END
OF LAMP LIFE
DIMMABLE
ENERGY SAVING
(25 – 30%)
1.6
OPERATION WITHOUT
NOISE
LONGER LAMP LIFE
(approx. + 50%)
LOW
WIRING COSTS
When using Electronic Control Gear the frequency of the lamp voltage is
approx. 1000 times higher than the line voltage. The zero of the lamp
current are passed so quickly that the average of the value of the electron
density is nearly constant within the discharge plasma. The electrons don’t
have to be built up with every cycle (as it is necessary when using CCG
and low loss ballasts). So the limitation of the lamp life due to reignition
peaks for CCG operation are avoided with ECG operation. Therefore no
stroboscopic effects can occur by using high frequency control gear as
there is no longer a gap in the lamp current. Therefore, one lamp type
needs less energy to generate the same lumens when operated with high
frequency control gear compared to operation with magnetic ballasts. The
lower energy consumption reduces the lamp load and increases the lamp
9
life. Electronic Control Gear improve the efficiency and the lamp life of
fluorescent lamps significantly.
1.7
Ignition of Fluorescent
Lamps
Prior to ignition, modern ECG heat the cathode to its optimum temperature
for electron emission. After a defined period the lamp is ignited with the
required ignition voltage. Only an optimized preheat start can guarantee
that the number of switching cycles has only little effect on the lamp life.
This is another important feature of ECG which has a positive effect on the
cost of operation and which should not be neglected when looking for
alternatives to CCG.
1.8
Costs and Safety
At the end of lamp life the emitter paste applied to the lamp electrode is
used up. The complete loss of emitter results in an increase of voltage in
the vicinity of the electrode. This situation can last over a longer period of
time. As an immediate result of the accompanying temperature increase at
the lamp ends the lamp sockets may overheat. Modern ECG are able to
detect this malfunction and switch the lamps off. Unnecessary attempts to
ignite are avoided by an interrupting function and therefore, also
overheating is avoided - an important contribution to more safety.
Professional ECG control all parameters constantly. A safety shut down at
the end of the lamp life is mandatory from January 1st, 2007 on for all ECG
that operate T4 or T5 tubes as it is included in the IEC 61347
(Omnibusnorm for safety of Electronic Control Gear). For several years
now, all OSRAM QUICKTRONIC® fulfill the safety requirements acc. the
IEC 61347 already.
However as there was no Standard for this before, some ECG
manufacturer neglect this due to costs.
1.9
Flexibility upon
Request
During past years, we see a clear increase in new, better and more energy
efficient lamp systems. Unfortunately, this resulted also in a growing
number of various ECG-types. To reduce this large number of types
manufacturers of ECG have taken a new direction and have developed
new multi-purpose ECG which can be used for a variety of fluorescent
lamps of different wattages. New integrated circuits allow the optimum
control of lamp features such as lumen output. This type reduction has, of
course, a big effect on the customer: ordering, warehousing and installation
of only a few ECG-types. The so-called MULTIWATT-ECG reduce all
relevant cost drivers.
1.10 ECG bring Progress
In addition to the basic tasks of lamp operation which are also fulfilled by
magnetic ballasts, Electronic Control Gear have much more to offer: They
have better performance and are more reliable, more environmental
friendly and more practical than CCG; even more reasons to use
professional Electronic Control Gear.
1.11 The right ECG for every
Application
OSRAM offers the right Electronic ballast for every application as shown at
the example of T8/ ∅ 26 mm fluorescent lamps.
10
Burning hours per day
24
QUICKTRONIC® DIMMABLE
QUICKTRONIC® PROFESSIONAL
20
Industry,
Open space office
16
Department store,
display
8
4
0
1.12 OSRAM ECG
Milestones
QUICKTRONIC®
ECONOMIC
QUICKTRONIC®
INSTANT START QTIS e
12
Railway
station,
airport
Daylight
linked
illumination
average
ECGs
0
2
4
6
Daylight linked
illumination with
presence detectors
Switching cycles per day
8
•
For the first time in 1995, T5- fluorescent lamp systems with Cutoff-technology have been introduced to the market.
Cut-off technology is the cut-off of the permanent filament
preheating after lamp ignition. This can be realized due to
modifications in the electronic circuit of the ECG. The result of the
Cut-off technology are less losses and optimized lamp operation.
•
Four years later, in 1999, OSRAM sold the first reliable
MULTIWATT-ECG.
This operates all lamps with rated data.
•
During the following years the trend of miniaturization continued and
the height of Electronic Control Gear was reduced by 30% from
30 mm to 21 mm.
In 2002, OSRAM is again the first manufacturer to introduce
MULTIWATT-ECG to operate FQ®…HO-fluorescent lamps High
Output in 21 mm height.
•
In 2003, another novelty is brought to the T5-product segment: As
the first producer, OSRAM offers a 21 mm high 2-lamp ECG for
FQ® 80 W HO-fluorescent lamps.
•
In the beginning of 2004, the newest and most innovative member
of the T5-product family has been introduced: micro-controller
based ECG capable of operating T5-fluorescent lamps of equal
length regardless if it is a FH®…HE- or FQ®…HO-type. This microcontroller especially developed under the co-operation with OSRAM
is responsible for clear lamp detection and lamp operation with
nominal data.
QUICKTRONIC INTELLIGENT, QTi make one MULTIWATT-ECG
possible for all T5-fluorescent lamps from 14 to 39 W no matter if
FH®…HE- or FQ®…HO-types.
11
2. Product Features
2.1
Lighting Comfort
•
•
•
•
•
No flashing or flickering, electronic defective control for
reliable safety switch-off of defective lamps
End-of-life safety shut down
•
Cut-off of the permanent filament preheating after lamp
ignition
Automatic restart after lamp replacement
•
2.2
Economy
Flicker-free ignition
Pleasant, flicker-free light with no stroboscopic effects due to high
frequency operation
High comfort level with no distracting choke hum due to fully
electronic operation (see chapter 2.8 noise)
No flickering
•
•
•
•
•
High lumen packages for T5 FQ® High Output system
Very high luminous efficacy for T5 FH® High Efficiency system
Long lamp life due to lamp start with optimum filament pre-heating
and operation with cut-off technology
Low maintenance costs due to long lamp life and reduced relamping
intervals
Lower cooling load of air-conditioning systems due to lower losses
Light engineering with T5 (Ø 16 mm) lamps
Leuchte/
Luminaire
1xL58 W
1xL58 W
1xFH35 W
VVG/
LLG
EVG/
ECG
EVG/
ECG
[lux]
539
518
500
Pgesamt/total [W]
260
220
154
100 %
85 %
59 %
15
12
9
Vorschaltgerät/
Control Gear
E
Büro mit 4 1-flammigen Leuchten
Office with 4 single tube luminaires
4
3
2
1
0
0
%
W/m2
2.3
Safety
1
2
3
4 4,5 m
All Electronic Control Gear QUICKTRONIC® for operation of T5/∅ 16 mmfluorescent lamp systems are developed and designed according to all
relevant national and international industry standards.
Current standard is EN 61347. For Electronic Control Gear for operation of
low pressure gas discharge lamps EN 61347-2-3 applies.
12
In detail:
•
•
•
•
•
2.4
2.4.1
Supply Voltage
Overvoltage and its
Reason
Safe shutdown of the power supply to defective lamps or
at the end-of-life due to End-of-Life detection according to Test 2
Shutdown in the event of broken filaments, no inserted lamp or air
leakage
Compliance with European safety standards (EN 61347-2-3)
Protection against short duration voltage surges (DIN VDE 0160)
and transient overvoltages
Low housing temperatures allow the mechanical design of lighting
fittings with F- and FF- as well as M- and MM-approval mark
(EN 60598/DIN VDE 0710 and DIN VDE 0711)
Can be used in emergency lighting systems according to
DIN VDE 0108
Electronic Control Gear QUICKTRONIC® for T5/∅ 16 mm-fluorescent
lamps (FH®…HE, FQ®…HO and FC®) can be operated on sinusoidal AC
voltage and DC voltage The recommended voltage intervals depend on the
design of the specific circuits.
The following chapters show the recommended voltage ranges and the
behaviour of the ECG at overvoltage and undervoltage.
It is called an overvoltage if the ingoing voltage is significantly higher
than the nominal value.
In general, we have to differentiate between two overvoltages which
also can have different reasons.
1. Transient overvoltage with a typical duration of milliseconds.
This overvoltage can be caused by:
- Switching of inductive loads such as welding machines, elevators
alternators etc.
- lightening
Quasi-stationary overvoltage with a duration from a few minutes to hours.
This overvoltage can be caused by:
different loads on the mains side (interruption of the neutral
conductor in 3-phase installations plus an additional asymmetric
13
load distribution)
unstable power supply (for example some countries in Far East)
2.4.2
Possible Implications
due to Overvoltage
2.4.3
Undervoltage and its
Reason
It is called overvoltage, if the supply voltage exceeds the specified voltage
range of an ECG including tolerances.
In any case, overload means more stress to electronic components.
Depending on the magnitude of overvoltage the protective functions of an
ECG can come into effect and turn the ballast off.
In extreme situations overvoltages can even destroy electronic
components.
Therefore, please pay attention to the design of the mains and tolerances
of the Electronic Control Gear when using them.
Supply voltages can not only deviate to higher values but also to
lower values. If the supply voltage decreases below the value
specified in the technical data of an ECG, we have to deal with
undervoltage.
This may be true for the following points:
•
•
•
•
2.4.4
Possible Implications
due to Undervoltage
Operating ECG with undervoltage is not as specified. This may result
in the following implications:
•
•
•
•
2.4.5
Supply Voltage
QT with 21 mm height
Different loads on the mains side
Incorrect electric installation
Unstable power supply
In some cases when used with emergency generators
Lamp operation not according to standards Î affecting lamp life
No safe lamp start, a safe ignition is only guaranteed above supply
voltages of 198 V
Unstable lamp operation meaning the discharge process of a
fluorescent lamp is not stable
In order to keep the lamp wattage constant most ECG types are
controlled on the lamp side. In this case, reduced supply voltages
cause much higher currents which may lead to physical stress of
components and to failure of the entire ECG. If supply voltages
deviate significantly from the nominal values, high switching losses
and overload of transistors can occur finally causing ballast failures.
Valid for: QTi and QT…F/CW
Recommended voltage range for
continuous operation
AC voltage
DC voltage
Performance at undervoltage
Lamp ignition
Voltage drop during operation
14
198 V ... 264 V, 50/60 Hz
176 V ... 264 V
UN ≥ 198 V Î reliable lamp ignition
UN ≥ 176V Î operation possible
UN < 176 VÎ damage to ECG
possible
2.4.6
Supply Voltage for QT
with 30 mm height
Valid for: QT-FH MULTIWATT and QT-FQ
Recommended voltage range for continuous operation
AC voltage
198V ... 264V, 50/60 Hz
DC voltage
176V ... 264V
Performance at undervoltage
Lamp ignition
UN ≥ 198V Î reliable lamp start
UN ≥ 176V Î operation possible
UN < 176V Î damage to ECG
possible
Voltage drop during operation
2.4.7
ECG for 120V / 277V
Line Voltage
T5/∅ 16 mm fluorescent lamps are also getting more popular in North
America (USA, Canada). Historically in the US-market have been
established lamps in 4 ft length besides the types of 240 cm. 4 ft is also
known as 48 inch type (1 ft = 30.48 cm) and is acc. to our typical 120 cm
types. Related to the straight fluorescent types FH®…HE and FQ®…HO
this means 1,149 mm for FH® 28 W HE and FQ® 54 W HO.
OSRAM SYLVANIA offers the complete range for FH®…HE and FQ®…HO
under PENTRON ECG. The specification there is PENTRON High
Performance T5 lamps for FH® and PENTRON High Output T5 for FQ®
lamps.
OSRAM SYLVANIA also offers the ECG for the North American line
voltages 120 V / 277 V und 60 Hz line frequency as shown at a glance:
MULTIWATT ECG for FH® fluorescent lamps: 14, 21, 28 and 35 W HE
Types:
QTP 1x28T5/UNV PSN
suitable for 120-277 V
QTP 2x28T5/UNV PSN
suitable for 120-277 V
ECG to operate FQ® 54 W HO
Types:
QTP 1x54T5UNV/PSN
QTP 2x54T5UNV/PSN
suitable for 120-277 V
suitable for 120-277 V
For a large number of differnt lamp types including T8 OCTRON a variety
of dimmable and non dimmable types is available.
Information about availability under:
OSRAM LIGHT CONSULTING (OLC)
Hellabrunner Straße 1
81536 München
Tel:
2.5
Automatic Lamp
Restart
+49-89-6213 3076
Fax:
+49-89-6213 2020
With all QUICKTRONIC® for operation of T5/∅ 16 mm-fluorescent
lamps FH®…HE, FQ®…HO and FC®, automatic restart takes place after
a change of lamp provided the power supply is maintained.
Should in the case of a twin-lamp ECG no automatic lamp restart take
place after lamp replacement and could an ECG-failure be excluded,
please proceed as follows:
15
Replace both lamps, take out the lamp replaced first and refit it. Provided
lamp and ECG are o.k. both lamps should then light.
2.5.1
2.5.2
2.5.3
2.6
Lamp ignition for QTi
Lamp ignition for QT
to operate T5fluorescent lamps
Off- Time for
Optimum Preheat
Start
Behaviour in Response
to Lamp Defects
Lamp start
Preheat
Ignition time
< 1 second
Max. number of switching cycles
> 100,000 cycles
QT-FH MULTI, QT-FQ, QT…F/CW
Lamp start
Preheat
Ignition time
< 0.5 second
Max. number of switching cycles
> 100,000 cycles
All QUICKTRONIC to operate T5/∅ 16 mm- fluorescent lamps
FH®…HE, FQ®…HO and FC start the lamps at any time with optimum
preheat start even after a turn-off followed by an immediate lamp
restart. OSRAM QUICKTRONIC ignite the lamp always with optimum
preheating of the electrodes. A particular off-time with regards to
lamp life is not necessary.
What do we mean by lamp defect or end-of-lamp life?
In most cases, it is not possible to see from outside which lampholders are
assigned to which ECG-terminals, so if you insert lamps and they fail to
start automatically you should take out the first lamp again and refit it. Both
lamps should then light.
Lamp replacement of 2- and multilamp luminaires proceed as follows:
Insert the lamps. If at 2- or multilamp luminaires lamp ignition doesn’t work
automatically, take out the lamp replaced first and refit it. Reignition of both
lamps works automatically.
2.6.1
One-Lamp Operation
with Multi-Lamp ECG
What are the requirements?
QTP 2x...
QT-FQ 2x...
IL
UStart
IL
UStart
Parallel Circuitry
16
UStart
Zünd
IL
IL
Series Circuitry
•
•
Parallel circuit of lamps operated with multi-lamp ECG ≠in general
single-lamp operation possible
Parallel circuit of lamps, but no single-lamp operation possible because
for example
- the sum of electrodes has to be recognized
For twin- and multi-lamp ECG the question is whether the remaining lamps
will continue to operate if one lamp is defect or has been removed.
In the case of twin- or multi-lamp ECG, any lamp fault that causes the safe
shutdown circuit to operate will lead to the shutdown of all lamps.
This function is called “safety shutdown”. The detection of various “out-ofrange” parameters results in a reliable shutdown of the ECG. The ECG do
not perform any lamp starts that could cause problems as described under
chapter 2.3.
In this case, one lamp or the remaining lamps will therefore never continue
to burn by itself.
What happens when one lamp is removed from a multi-lamp ECG will
depend on the type of circuit. Series circuits always exclude a single-lamp
operation. Parallel circuit is one condition for a possible single-lamp
operation, however, not the only one. Another important criterion is lamp
control during operation of circuit related as well as safety related data.
QUICKTRONIC® INTELLIGENT, QTi, are carried out in parallel circuits, but
cannot be operated in single-lamp mode. The reason is the sophisticated
lamp detection requiring the control of various parameters.
The following table gives a short summary of the different ECG-types:
ECG-type
QTi
QT-FH QT-FQ QT-FH 3x, 4x QT … F/CW
height
21 mm 30 mm 30 mm
30 mm
21 mm
Series circuit
X
X
X
X
Parallel circuit.
X
For all types shown in the table above a single-lamp operation is not
possible.
2.7
Noise
T5/∅ 16 mm-fluorescent lamps FH®…HE, FQ®…HO and FC® operated
at high frequency with QUICKTRONIC® control gear are virtually
silent.
QUICKTRONIC® units themselves are so quiet that even in very quiet
surroundings they cannot be heard by the human ear. They are
therefore ideal for sound-sensitive areas such as radio and recording
studios. The limit of the frequency-dependant sound pressure curve
is based on the audibility threshold (in other words, a person with
normal hearing will not be able to detect the noise generated by an
ECG in the same room).
The factors affecting the sound pressure level are the sound power level of
the ECG, the absorption properties of the room, characterised by its volume
and reverberation time, and the number of ECGs.
In mains supplies with a high level of distortion in which the mains voltage
wave form deviates significantly from a sine wave, a „chirping“ may be
heard from the reactance coils in the input section of the ECG.
17
2.8
Power Factor λ
For all electric loads, the power factor λ is the ratio of effective power (Peff =
voltage x effective current) to apparent power (Papp = voltage x apparent
current). This value is affected both by the phase displacement cos ϕ
between current and voltage by the current wave form distortion ε (nonsinusoidal wave form)
λ = Peff / Papp = ε cos ϕ
In contrast to conventional control gear (CCG, inductive, 50 Hz), there is
hardly any phase displacement with Electronic Control Gear (high
frequency), which means that capacitor correction is not required. However
slight distortions in the current sine-wave curve occur during operation of
electronic control gear. In general these distortions are characterized by
integer multiples of the mains frequency (harmonics).
The harmonic content of the mains current is controlled by national and
international regulations (IEC 61000-3-2, EN 61000-3-2). OSRAM ECG
have built-in active electronic harmonic filters for this purpose which
guarantee a value for ε of more than 0.95 and hence a power factor λ
greater than 0.95.
Exemptions are ECG which apply to the international standard for system
power consumption less than 25 W. This standard requires a power factor
λ of more than 0.6. These ECG are part of the product segment ECO and
are known as QUICKTRONIC® ECONOMIC or QT-ECO. They are mainly
used to replace conventional control gear, but because of their
MULTIWATT-design they can partly operate FH®…HE- and FQ®…HO
fluorescent lamps with lower wattages:
FH® 14W HE
FH® 21W HE
FQ® 24W HO
For detailed information about this combination please see
www.OSRAM.de/products/ecg
With regards to their harmonics content all QUICKTRONIC® have been
tested by VDE according to EN 61000-3-2 and carry the VDE-EMC
approval mark.
The confirmation of the ECG’s CE-mark by an independent testing facility
reduce the costs and the t.ime necessary for approval of luminaires
significantly.
18
2.9
ECG Imprint
Thermal Behaviour
Functional Earth terminal
Cut-Off-Technology
µProzessor inside
End-of-Life Safety-shutdown
Lamp wiring including
max. cable lengths
2.10 Reliability
Besides component specification and quality their failure rate is significantly
related to the operating temperature.
Electronic Control Gear of OSRAM are designed in that way, that a failure
rate of less than 2 Promille per 1,000 operating hours is expected if
operation takes place at the maximum permitted case temperatur (tc).
2.11 Resistance to Frequent
Switching
The resistance to frequent switching of Electronic control gear is based on
possible lamp starts per day. Multiplied with the lamp life professional ECG
with preheat start reach more than 100.000 switching cycles.
This information is important for combinations with occupancy sensors as
this is one of the most popular applications for frequent switching of the
lamp-ECG system.
2.12 ECG Lifetime
The ECG lifetime depends on the operating temperature and failure rate of
the electronic components. Extreme overheating can destroy electronic
components in a short period of time and cause the ECG to fail. There
exists an exponential relationship between the failure rate of electronic
components and their thermal and also electrical behaviour.
An indication about the maximum recommended ambient temperature of a
luminaire is given by the imprinted measuring point tc at which each ECG
reaches its maximum recommended case temperature. The tc-temperature
of an OSRAM ECG is closely linked to its temperature of electronic
components. For example, when the maximum recommended tctemperature of 70 °C is reached, a QUICKTRONIC control gear for
operation of T5/∅ 16 mm-fluorescent lamps is expected to last
50,000 hours with a failure rate of max. 10 %. This value equals a failure
rate of 2 ‰ per 1,000 operating hours. Due to the exponential dependence
on temperature and failure rate of electronic components exceeding the
recommended tc-temperature reduces the ECG lifetime dramatically. On
the other hand, if the ECG temperature remains below the limit the lifetime
is extended. As a rule of thumb, every 10 °C below the imprinted
temperature value double the ECG’s lifetime and every 10 °C surpassing
the tc-value cut the service life in half.
The measuring temperature tc is an important parameter for both the safety
approval for a luminaire according to EN 60598 and the service life of an
19
ECG provided by the manufacturer under consideration of the thermal load
of electronic components.
Surviving ECGs [%]
10 % loss at 50,000 hours
100
80
60°C
70°C
50°C
60
10°C lower operating temperature at point of
measurement virtually halves ECG failure rate
90°C
40
Temp. at point of
measurement tc
20
0
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
Hours of usage [thsd]
2.13 Thermal influences of
the system
components
The temperature must be assessed separately for the two system
components (ECG and lamp). In the case of the lamp, there are physical
laws that restrict the temperature range of an application, whereas in the
case of the ECG fixed limits must be set in order to ensure reliable
operation.
Apart from this, there are external factors such as the reciprocal influences
of ECG, lamp and luminaire and the selected installation site which have an
influence. Compliance with the specified limits and hence the guarantee of
operational reliability are the responsibility of the relevant luminaire or
system manufacturer.
There is a fixed correlation between tc-temperature, the temperatrure of
electronic components, the life of each component and hence the complete
unit. Thermal contact of an ECG to metallic parts of luminaire housings is
very positive due to good thermal conductivity.
The correlation between temperature tc of the measuring point, component
life and failure rate is crucial for an objective assessment of the reliability
and service life of an ECG. Information about tc-temperature and ECG
service life alone are not sufficient.
2.14 cut-off Technology
All QUICKTRONIC® control gear for operation of
T5/∅ 16 mm-fluorescent lamps FH®…HE and FQ®…HO
are equipped with cut-off technology.
After starting the lamp the electrode heating is being switched off. Lamp life
increases due to the reduced load of the electrodes. Therefore, cut-off
technology increases the lumen output of the luminaire and the lamp life.
And for the first time, cut-off technology is included in dimmable ECG
thanks to the new intelligent technology of QTi. Compared to Electronic
control gear without cut-off the power consumption of ECG with cut-off
technology could be reduced by another 5 to 7 %.
20
2.14.1 Advantages for Users
The following advantages for users arise from cut-off technology:
6-10 % higher luminaire efficiency
highest lamp life
2-3 W lower losses per lamp
reduced load of air condition
Only cut-off technology can fulfill lifetime
New circuitry wihtout permanent filament heating
(cut-off technology)
100%
IStift = ILampe
Cold Spot
app. 40°C
90%
13.
80%
ILampe
Rel.
Luminous
flux
IStift
Significantly lower temperatures at the
lamp electrodes
70%
Cut-off
60%
Conventional
ECG circuitry
50%
40%
5.000h
Lifetime [hours]
16.
16.
20.
12.000h
16.000h 20.000h
10.000h
14.000h 18.000h
Cut-off advantage for the luminaire
110
100
35°C
90
rel.
Lichtstrom
80
Cut Offk
70
Conventional
ECG circuitry
60
2.14.2 Physical Background
6 – 10% higher
luminaire efficiency for
direct lighting
10 20 30 40 50
Umgebungstemperatur (°C)
T5/∅ 16 mm-fluorescent lamps FH®…HE and FQ®…HO are designed to
have their maximum lumen output at 35 °C (compared to 25 °C for
T8/∅ 26 mm). For T5/∅ 16 mm-fluorescent lamps the so-called cold spot
(the point where mercury condensates in a discharge tube, stamped end of
the lamp) is located behind the electrode (see graphics) which means near
the source of heat.
T8 (Ø 26 mm)
T12 (Ø 38 mm)
Cold Spot THg opt. ≈ 40°C
T5 (Ø 16 mm)
The value of the luminous flux at the ambient temperature of 35 °C is only
informative for the luminaire manufacturer. Significant is the value of the
cold spot temperature. This value is measured at the socket of the stamped
side, approx. in a distance of 2 mm of the glass. For an optimized luminous
flux this value should be between 45 °C and 50 °C. This is shown at the so
called ‘Horseshoe curves’ where the luminous flux is shown in relation to
the lamp ambient temperature.
The cold spot of the T5/∅ 16 mm fluorescent lamps is influenced by
permanent filament heating. This means that higher temperatures reduce
the luminous flux. ECG with cut-off technology reduce the losses of the
system and are optimized regarding the maximum luminous flux of the
21
system. The cut-off of the permanent filament heating after lamp ignition is
an advantage.
Further the values of the horseshoe curves also indicate the arrangement
of the lamps within the fixture. To avoid thermal influences of the lamps
minimum distances in between have to be kept. The lamps have to be
placed that the stamp of all lamps is on the same side. For vertical
arrangement the stamp of the lamp always should be placed down. For
circular lamps FC the socket has to be placed down.
The measurement of the cold spot temperature is especially important for
the luminaire manufacturer. This temperature offers opportunities to
optimize the luminaire efficacy.
2.15 End of Life
(EoL acc. to T.2)
Fluorescent lamps use up their emitter during operation. The complete loss
of emitter on an electrode results in a voltage increase in the vicinity of the
electrode filament. As most Electronic control gear have no problem
providing this high asymmetric voltage and with it the required additional
power the temperature around the electrodes rises significantly.
At the moment the international ECG safety standard IEC 61347-2-3 is
under revision. In the future, all ECG must provide a “end-of-life” safety
shutdown which is continuously controlled in order to avoid overheating of
lamp sockets.
The actual status of the standard considers three different test circuits for
Electronic control gear. If an ECG complies with one of the three tests, it
offers protection against the “end-of-life” behavior of fluorescent lamps.
•
•
•
Asymmetric pulse test
Asymmetric power test
Open filament test
(Test 1)
(Test 2)
(Test 3)
The asymmetric power test (Test 2) is directly simulating the additional load
which results from the increased asymmetric voltage in the case of “end-oflife”. In order to pass the test the additional load may nod exceed a specific
value depending on the lamp type. Most ECG experts see test 2
(asymmetric power test) as the safest “end-of-life” control, because the
direct measurement of the asymmetric additional load mirrors the real lamp
behavior at its end of life. OSRAM does not compromise the safety of
Electronic control gear and has, for quite some time, specified Test no. 2 as
standard test.
2.16 U-OUT
U-OUT a binding ECG label according to safety standard EN 61347-23. The former standard EN 60928, still valid until 2006, allows labeling
of U-OUT either in the product catalogue or on the ECG housing. UOUT specifies the largest effective working voltage between
- Lamp terminals
- Each lamp terminal and earth connection, if applicable
This information is important for all components electrically connected on
the lamp side of the ECG.
All components such as lamp cables, sockets (EN 60061-2), isolating
22
material and everything coming in contact with the ECG lamp terminals
must be layed out according to U-OUT.
OSRAM, as manufacturer, takes care that no higher voltage appears at the
lamp terminals than specified by U-OUT. Therefore no additional voltage
reserve is needed.
2.17 Approval Marks
2.17.1 ENEC-Approval Mark
stands for European Norm Electrical Certification. The ENEC approval is
also a conformity mark agreed upon between the testing institutes of the
European union.
It stands for compliance with the according European standards for safety
and performance. Besides sample testing ENEC includes also a permanent
control od products and production processes. This certification is
testimony of an independent and competent institute testing the safety and
performance of Electronic control gear. The number right beside the
approval mark identifies the certifying institute. For example 10 is
representing VDE in Germany.
The ENEC approval mark for ECG to operate fluorescent lamps includes
the safety standard EN 61347 and the performance standard EN 60929.
2.17.1.1 Safety acc. to
EN 61347
This standard contains the safety requirements of electric units for
operation of lamps that are designed for DC- and AC-voltage at 50 or 60
Hz. It is divided into different parts.
The first part EN 61347-1 deals with general and safety requirements.
b)
Electronic control gear to operate with AC-voltage at 50 or 60 Hz
with an operating frequency different from the frequency of the
mains supply and to operate fluorescent lamps according to IEC
60081 and IEC 60901 and other fluorescent lamps for high
frequency operation are dealt with in part EN 61347-2-3.
This safety standard whose part EN 61347-2-3 together with the general
part EN 61347-1 succeeds the former standard EN 60928, is also called
„omnibus“ standard.
2.17.1.2 Performance acc. to
EN 60929
This standard specifies the performance of Electronic control gear for
fluorescent lamps. It defines the operation at AC-voltage, at 50 or 60 Hz
and with a supply frequency different from the operating frequency. It is
based on performance standards for fluorescent lamps EN 60081 and EN
60901.
2.17.2 VDE EMC mark
The independent testing institute confirms the compliance of the ECG with
the EMC regulation regarding immunity, radio interference suppression and
harmonics. At the same time, it is also a confirmation for the CE label that
can be applied to ECGs by the manufacturer himself under compliance with
the EMC regulation. Luminaire manufacturer can significantly reduce their
costs and approval efforts with regards to EMC compliance by using
already EMC approved ECGs.
23
2.18 Energie Efficiency
Index EEI
This label helps consumers identifying the energy consumption of a
product. Usually, all Electronic control gear have the best ratings A2 …A3.
Dimmable ECG are classified as A1. Magnetic ballasts (CCG) fall under the
energy efficiency class C and D and are either already banned from the
market or are about to be banned shortly.
Low loss ballasts are usually classified in B.
2.19 CE Labelling
Since January 1996, all products falling under the EU directive of
electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) must carry the CE label. The CE label
indicates the compliance with the requirements of this directive. From
January 1997 all products falling under the Low-Voltage directive must also
be CE labeled. There is no question that our products comply with the
specific EU directives and therefore are labeled with the CE mark.
Regarding CE labelling here the following explanations:
1. CE-label as basis to introduce product to the market
Since 01.01.1996 manufacturers and importers are obliged to apply
CE labels to products that have to comply with EMC regulations
either directly on the product, its packaging or the accompanying
documents. CE labels are obligatory for the sale of products within
the European Union. By applying the CE label manufacturers or
importers confirm that their products comply with the “basic
requirements” of specific European directives and fulfill their
protective goals (for example electromagnetic compatibility). Usually
the compliance of particular “basic requirements” is given products
are manufactured under consideration of harmonized European
standards.
2. CE label is a mark for administrative authorities
The CE label is targeted primarily at administrative authorities. It
declares to them that CE labeled products comply with European
jurisdiction at the time of sale.
3. No rights for commerce and endusers of examining declarations of
conformity issued by manufacturers.
The right to ask for and examine declarations of conformity is
reserved to authorities controlling the compliance of
electric/electronic products with the legal safety requirements. In
Germany it is the “Federal Agency for Post and Telecommunication”
BAPT (responsible with regards to the EMC directive) and the trade
supervisory boards (responsible with regards to the Low-Voltage
directive).
4. CE labels are no quality or approval marks
The only purpose of the CE label is to testify that a product complies
with legally specified „basic requirements“ of certain directives. It
24
does not make any statement with regards to the quality of labeled
products. As a legal administration label without value for endusers
it should not be mistaken as an approval mark issued by
independent testing institutes (such as ENEC or VDE mark). These
testing institutes do also not control the legitimacy of an applied CE
label.
2.20 CCC Approval
Approval mark of the Chinese testing institute CQC (China Qualification
Center).
Since 01.08.2003 this approval mark is required in order to sell Electronic
control gear for operation of low pressure discharge lamps in the Chinese
market.
OSRAM QUICKTRONIC for operation of T5/∅ 16 mm- fluorescent lamps
FH®...HE and FQ®...HO carry this approval mark.
25
3. ECG installed in Luminaire:
Installations and Operation
Instructions
3.1 Wiring Instructions
3.1.1 Cable Types
3.1.2
Cable Cross-Sections
Please pay attention to the voltage value U-OUT imprinted on the ECG
housing when wiring luminaires for FH®…HE or FQ®…HO fluorescent
lamps. This value indicates the possible cable type.
For voltages greater than 430V cables with the classification H07 have to
be used.
U-OUT is the maximum voltage that can occur between the lamp terminals
or the lamp terminal and the earth connector.
For all OSRAM QUICKTRONIC ECG for operation of T5/∅ 16 mmfluorescent lamps FH®…HE and FQ®…HO U-OUT is less than 430V
allowing luminaires to be wired with cables H05.
Cable types are specified through the terminals in use.
The cable cross-sections are marked on the identification plate of the
Electronic control gear.
Combi-Wiring (CW) stands for use in automatic or manual wiring. ECG in
30 mm height have the annex CW at the end of the type. ECG types
without CW are suitable for manual wiring only in this height. T5-ECG in
21 mm height don’t have this annex as they are equipped with CW
terminals only for manual or automatic wiring.
For manual wiring of the IDC a special tool is available for example from
WAGO. This tool is listed and can be ordered from WAGO under the order
number 0206-0831.
Ancillary for manual wiring of the IDC-contact of the CW terminals
26
3.1.2.1 ECG in 30 mm height
Typical values for Combi-Wiring terminals of ECG with 30 mm height are:
a) Single-core cables
These should have a cross section of 0.5mm² at least and 1.5 mm²
at most for the horizontal plug.
When using Insulation Displacement Contacts (IDC) cables should
have a maximum cross section of 0,5 mm²
b) Multi-core cables
horizontal plug
These should have a cross section of 0,5 mm² at least and 1 mm² at
most.
Multi-core cables can be inserted directly into the horizontal plug
terminals.
Ferrules may be used but they are not essential.
IDC
Multi-core cables with a cross section of 0,75 mm² can be used for
direct wiring with IDC.
3.1.2.2 ECG in 21 mm height
Typical values for Combi-Wiring terminals of ECG with 21 mm height are:
c) Single-core cables
These should have a cross section of 0,5 mm² at least and 1 mm² at
most for the horizontal plug.
When using Insulation Displacement Contacts (IDC) cables should
have a maximum cross section of 0,5 mm²
d) Multi-core cables
horizontal plug
These should have a cross section of 0,5 mm² at least and 1 mm² at
most.
Multi-core cables can be inserted directly into the horizontal plug
terminals.
Ferrules may be used but they are not essential.
IDC
Multi-core cables with a cross section of 0,75 mm² can be used for
direct wiring with IDC.
3.1.3 Release of Contacts
3.1.3.1 WAGO 250
Release the contact by using the release latch.
3.1.3.2 WAGO 251 – IDC
Release the contact by pulling the cable upwards.
This process can be repeated up to 10 times (depending on the
manufacturer) without damaging the terminal. For further details please
refer to the data sheets of the manufacturers.
27
3.1.3.3 WAGO 251 –
horizontal plug
WAGO 251 – horizontal plug
The contact can be released with the help of a small screw driver as
Alternatively the contact can be released by simultaneously twisting and
pulling the cable.
3.1.3.4 WAGO 251 mini – IDC
Release the contact by pulling the cable upwards.
This process can be repeated up to 10 times (depending on the
manufacturer) without damaging the terminal. For further details please
refer to the data sheets of the manufacturers..
3.1.3.5 WAGO 251 mini –
horizontal plug
The contact can be released with the help of a special manual tool as
shown in the picture below. The tool can be ordered from WAGO under the
order number 0206-0830.
Alternatively the contact can be released by simultaneously twisting and
pulling the cable.
28
3.1.4
Insulation
Depending on the type of terminal the length of insulation to be stripped
from the ends of the cables is different. The exact value can be found on
the ECG.
WAGO 250
Stripped
Insulation
[mm]
3.1.5
8-10
Terminals
QT-FQ…CW
QT-FH MULTI…CW
QT-FH…F/CW
QT-FQ…F/CW
QT-FQ 2x80
QTi
3.1.6
Cable routing
h = 30 mm
WAGO 251
WAGO 251
WAGO 251
WAGO 251-mini
8.5 - 11
8.5 - 11
h = 21 mm
WAGO 251 mini
WAGO 251 mini
WAGO 251 mini
WAGO 251 mini
To ensure good radio interference suppression as well as maximum safety
and reliability, the following rules for cable routing should be observed:
1.)
2.)
3.)
4.)
5.)
6.)
7.)
8.)
Cables between ECG and lamp (HF cables) should be
kept as short as possible to reduce electromagnetic
interference. Please pay attention to the maximum
recommended cable lengths as indicated on the ECG
(see also overview in 7.1ff)
Mains and lamp cables should never be routed in
parallel. Keep HF cables and mains cables as far away
from one another as possible (e.g. 5 to 10 cm). This
avoids mutual interference between mains and lamp
cables.
Lay HF cables away from earthed metal surfaces (if
possible several cm away) to reduce capacitive
interference.
If long HF cables are unavoidable (e.g. in master-slave
circuits) they should be twisted together.
Keep mains cabled in the luminaire as short as possible
to reduce interference.
Do not lay mains cables too close to the ECG or the
lamps. This applies in particular to through-wiring.
Avoid crossing mains cables and lamp cables; if this is
not possible, they should cross at right angles to reduce
mains and HF interference.
Lamp cables at high potential (see section 7.1ff „Hot
wires“) must be kept as short as possible, particularly
with luminaires for tubular fluorescent lamps such as
FH®…HE and FQ®…HO.
29
Wiring must comply with the latest versions of the relevant national
standards. Cable entry through metal components should never be left
unprotected but should be fitted with additional insulation (sleeve, grommet
edge protector etc.)
The body of the luminaire or parts thereof must never be employed as a
conductor or in any way come into contact with mains or lamp cable
conductors (for example as a result of bare cables, too much insulation
stripped away, screws protruding through insulation, or sharp metal edges).
There is a serious risk that a person may be electrocuted and the control
gear damaged beyond repair.
If you are wiring a number of luminaires from a 3 mains supply in a loop
(with 5-core cable, for example), you must also ensure that are never
connected two phases to the ECG mains terminal instead of the group
phase, the neutral conductor and the PE conductor. Otherwise the ECG
may fail immediately or within a short time. (see also section 8.4,
Troubleshooting)
L and N interchangeable (e.g. for mobile luminaires)?
•
•
3.2
Electromagnetic
Compatibility
Yes
No
case labeling ≈ or
case labeling L N
The abbreviation EMC stands for ElectroMagnetic Compatibility. EMC
specifications define a series of different test criteria. The most important in
connection with electronic control gear are radio interference suppression,
harmonic content (up to the 39th harmonic) and immunity to interference.
IEC International
Radio interference
suppression
Harmonic content
Immunity to interference
CISPR 15
European
standard
EN 55015
IEC 61000-3-2
IEC 61547
EN 61000-3-2
EN 61547
The CE symbol on OSRAM QUICKTRONIC control gear indicates
compliance with immunity to interference, harmonic content and radio
interference suppression requirements. By using the CE label OSRAM, as
manufacturer of ECG, confirms the compliance with the requirements of the
sandards (see also Section 2.17.2 CE labeling).
3.2.1
Harmonic Content
acc. to EN 61000-3-2
Lighting equipment is subject to restrictions on harmonics. The maximum
permissible threshold values are defined for two classes of equipment:
• Class C: Effective input power (system wattage) > 25W
• Class D: Effective input power (system wattage) < 25W
The requirements for Class D equipment must be met as
January 1, 2001.
30
of
Harmonic
number
2
3
5
7
9
11 < n < 39
Proportion in % of the mains current of the
fundamental wave (50 Hz)
2
30 x power factor(λ)
10
7
5
3
The specified values apply to Class C ECGs.
OSRAM QUICKTRONIC® control gear typically exhibit values well below
the threshold values.
All QUICKTRONIC® units for operation of T5 FH®...HE- and T5 FQ®...HO
fluorescent lamps have a total harmonic distortion (THD) of less than 10%.
3.2.2
Radio interference
suppression
Compliance with the limit values for radio interference suppression is also a
requirement for the VDE EMC approval.
The ECGs are measured in a reference luminaire.
However, the interference level depends not only on the ECG but also on
the arrangement of the lamp and ECG, the luminaire design and in
particular the wiring. To obtain approval, compliance with the limit values
has to be checked for each luminaire (by the VDE for example).
This is discussed in more detail below.
3.2.2.1 Causes of Radio
Interference
Radio interference refers to both the radiated and the mains-borne
influences of an electrical load on other units connected to the same mains
supply and/or in the immediate vicinity. See also Section 4.8.
To ensure that the various electrical loads can operate simultaneously and
trouble free, each unit must not exceed certain radio interference values.
A distinction is made here between mains-borne disturbances on the power
supply side and atmospheric disturbances due to electromagnetic fields in
the vicinity of the luminaires.
3.2.2.2 Conducted
Interferences acc. to
EN 55015
These disturbances are caused by non-linear components and the high
frequency operation.
31
By using complex input filters it is possible to reduce these disturbances to
a level well below the limits prescribed by the relevant standards. Each and
every OSRAM ECG complies with these standards. The way in which an
ECG is installed in a luminaire, however, can have a considerable
influence.
(see Section 7.5 Installation instruction for luminaires)
3.2.2.3 Disturbances due to
Fields
3.2.2.4 Selective Shielding
Owing to the various dynamic electrical and physical processes in the
ECG-lamp system, there is always an electromagnetic field around the
luminaire. In defining its effects, a distinction is made between electric and
magnetic components.
a)
Electrical fields
Because of the high-frequency output voltage the lamp and
lamp wiring generate an electrical field. This is attenuated to a
level well below that prescribed in the relevant standards by
filtering on the output side and by suitable circuit design. What
applies to an individual ECG does not always automatically
apply to the entire system once the ECG has been installed in
the luminaire.
b)
Magnetic fields
The magnitude of this field is determined solely by the lamp and
the geometrical arrangement of the entire system, particularly by
the areas enclosed by the lamp, ECG and wiring. The only
recommendation that can be made here is to aim for a selfenclosed structure as far as possible and to comply with the
wiring instruction.
The following diagrams show the magnetic lines of force for two simple
linear luminaires
32
a) without reflector
b) with a metal reflector
The resulting magnetic field strength in the near field and hence the effect
on the environment is reduced in b) by a current induced in a reflector. It is
important here for the surface of the reflector to have good electrical
conductivity. It is not necessary to earth it.
To shield the electric field, which is always radial around the lamp, it is
necessary for the reflector or its surface to be as conductive as possible
ant for the connection to earth or to protective earth to be of the lowest
possible resistance.
Based on these two requirements, the solution here is to have a reflector,
reflector and diffuser or louver with excellent conductivity connected at
lowest possible resistance to the ECG earth (PC I) or the PE conductor
connection of the luminaire.
3.2.2.5 Installation
Instructions for
avoiding Disturbance
The following diagrams show examples of correct and incorrect wiring.
1a)
Long-run luminaire with reflector
To avoid interference on the lamp cable, the mains cable shoud be routed
to the outside immediately at the luminaire terminal. He lamp cables should
be laid in accordance with the criteria specified in Section xx (wiring
instructions). The reflector is used here for shielding and should therefore
be made of metal and be attached permanently with a high quality plug
connector (must have low resistance) to the luminaire body which in turn is
connected to control gear earth.
Line voltage
Lamp
Hot wires
1b)
Bad example
Mains and lamp cables that run in parallel over long distances. This leads
inevitably to interaction and therefore to higher energy in the radiated
33
electromagnetic field. Serious problems can occur if, as described in
Section xx, wiring instructions, the lamp cables that have high potential with
respect to earth (hot wires) are not kept as short as possible by connecting
them to the nearest lampholder.
Lamp
Hot wires
The following diagrams apply to both recessed and surface-mounted
luminaires:
3.2.2.6 Asymmetric
installation of ECG
Hot wires
Cables should be laid close to the body of the luminaire. ECG and reflector
need a low resistance earth. Wiring must comply with the
recommendations in Section xx (Installation instructions for luminaires).
The luminaire design provides effective shielding of the electromagnetic
field.
Alternative asymmetric installation
Hot wires
This option is equally suitable.
34
Bad example
The electrical connection between the ECG and the luminaire is poor.
Unnecessary crossovers have been created leading to poorer and
therefore higher resistance connection with earth. This arrangement is also
poor from a thermal point of view.
Übergänge
Hot wires
3.2.2.7 Good wiring
arrangement for 2lamp luminaires
Hot wires
3.2.2.8 Luminaires with
reflector and/or
specular louvres
These parts must be made of metal or at least have a surface (i.e.
anodized) with excellent electrical conductivity.
a) The reflector acts as an effective shield
Provided the reflector has a very good connection to the central
earthing point, the lamp is effectively shielded and there can be no
interaction with the ECG and the wiring. Electromagnetic fields are also
effectively shielded.
The reflector should be connected by a short cable or screw
connection to the body. A poor contact or a loss of contact at this
point would have an adverse effect on the EMC behaviour of the
complete luminaire and could also impair starting.
35
b) Louvre instead of a reflector
The same applies to louvers as to reflectors. Louvres also have to be
good electrical conductors and be connected to luminaire earth.
3.3
Permissible Cable
Lengths
Section 7.1 refers to the maximum recommended cable lengths between
the ECG and the lamp. The additional information is discussed elsewhere
in this section. These maximum recommended cable lengths must be
adhered to in order not to overload the ECG and to ensure that the system
will start reliably even under adverse conditions (low ambient temperatures,
high humidity levels, aged lamps).
In order to comply with the radio interference suppression limits, the
instruction in Section xx must be followed. If the maximum recommended
cable lengths for operating an ECG-lamp system are fully exploited,
additional radio interference suppression measures may be needed such
as shielding or separate filters. Because there are so many different
interference factors involved (see Section 3.2), it is not possible to specify a
maximum cable length for an ECG-lamp system below which radio
interference suppression limits are guaranteed not to be exceeded.
3.4
„Hot Wires“
„hot wires“ (high potential). By this we mean the lamp cables which are at
the highest potential with respect to circuit earth or protective earth. The
other lamp cables are “cold wires” and have a correspondingly lower
potential with respect to earth.
36
„Hot wires“ are marked on the unit with the shorter cable length. For
reasons of radio interference suppression and reliable starting, the “hot
wires” must be kept as short as possible. In other words, you should install
the ECG to one side in the luminaire, making the low-potential cables
longer so that the length of the high-potential cables can be reduced. This
type of installation is to be preferred to symmetrical mounting.
In luminaires equipped with more than one ECG (systems with 3, 4 or more
lamps), the ECG and its associated lamp(s) should be assigned to one
another. For reasons of radio interference suppression and reliable starting
we do not recommend splitting the luminaire into a lamp and ECG part.
QUICKTRONIC® ECG for 3- and 4-lamp operation of FH®…HE fluorecent
lamps have been optimally designed to comply with just that
recommendation.
For reasons given above we also advise against splitting the ECG into
units located in the luminaire and units located outside the luminaire (e.g.
on the back of the luminaire) if this means much longer cables between the
ECG and the lamps.
3.5
Switching between
Lamp and ECG
In some special applications it may be necessary to disconnect or switch
the cables between the ECG and the lamp(s).
If changeover units are used (emergency lighting modules with internal
switching) which supply the lamp directly from an emergency supply and
interrupt the system circuit between the ECG and the lamp, the following
must be observed:
•
•
•
Changeover or disconnection of the lamps from the ECG to the
external unit must be on all terminals.
When switching back from the external supply to ECG operation,
the lamp(s) must first be connected at all terminals to the ECG
before the ECG is supplied with power again, otherwise the cutout
in the ECG will operate.
Many of these emergency lighting units available on the market do
not comply with the normal operating conditions of the lamp and will
therefore damage it. In such cases, OSRAM cannot guarantee that
the lamp will last as long as indicated.
Wiring recommendations for OSRAM QUICKTRONIC® ECG for multi-lamp
operation of T5/∅ 16 mm- fluorescent lamps with exemplary emergency
units are given in Section 6.5.2ff.
3.6
Master-Slave Circuit
An additional single-lamp „slave luminaire“ can be supplied from a twolamp ECG installed in a single-lamp „master luminaire“.
This requires a 4-core connecting cable between the two luminaries and, in
general, different cable lengths between the ECG and the lamp in the
37
“master luminaire” and between the ECG and the lamp in the “slave
luminaire”. The following requirements apply to the physical arrangement of
the two luminaires:
3.6.1
Max. length of the
connecting cable
between 2 luminaries
QTi 2x
QT-FH 2x14-35/230-240 CW
QT-FQ 2x…CW
QT-FH 2x…/230-240 F/CW and
QT-FQ 2x…/230-240 F/CW
Max. length of the connecting
cable between two luminaries [m]
No master-slave circuit possible
1m
0.5 m
No mater slave circuit possible
The recommended cable lengths are maximum values which must be
observed. For information about cable routing in the “slave luminaire” as
well as in the “master luminaire” for maximum cable lengths please see the
recommendation in Section 7.1.
For maximum cable lengths please see the recommendation in Section
8.1.1ff.
max.
0.5 m
ECG with 6-pole terminal
3.7
PE-Connection for
Protection Class I
Luminaires
Exposed metal parts of luminaries of protection class I must be reliably and
permanently connected to a PE conductor. For all QT-FH... CW, QTFQ...CW and QT…F/CW one ore both fastening screws are used for
grounding. Serrated washers to improve the earth connection are
recommended.
QUICKTRONIC® INTELLIGENT QTi ECGs have an additional ground
terminal to suppress radio interference (“functional” earth).
UN
1
21
2
22
3
4
23
QTi 1x...
24
5
25
DA (–)
6
26
DA (+)
7
27
Wiring 1-lamp QTi
38
L
UN
1
21
2
22
3
4
23
QTi 2x...
24
5
25
DA (–)
6
26
DA (+)
7
27
L
L
Wiring 2-lamp QTi
To obtain good radio interference suppression, the PE conductor and the
line mains cables should not be lais parallel to the lamp cables or alongside
the ECG.
Radio interference:
9 kHz to 300 MHz
LN
Low
R
Lampe
Lamp
EVG
ECG
Metallic plate / metal reflector/ metal grid
Due to the earth connection of the ECG to a metal plate ore the luminaire
body, an “internal” short circuit exists in luminaires of protection class I. It
means that the interference and leakage currents are redirected into the
ECG and, therefore, no so-called interference voltage are generated when
measuring conducted disturbances according to CISPR 15. The emitted
interference level of such a system is “low”.
3.8
Functional Earth for
Luminaires of
Protection Class II
Radio interference:
9 kHz to 300 MHz
LN
High
R
Lamp
EVG
ECG
Plasics housing
In this case, the ECG is mounted in a plastic housing. Therefore, the
capacitive leakage currents generated by the system lamp and ECG are
not circulating within the luminaire, they are fed back into the mains supply
via the luminaire environment. The magnitude of these leakage currents
depends very much on the mechanical design of a luminaire and its
surroundings and on the specific features of the various lamp types
(FH®…HE or FQ®…HO) and hence can be very different. They cause
interferences on the mains side with regards to measurements of
conducted disturbances according to CISPR 15.
39
3.8.1
General Information
The functional earth in this arrangement restores the internal short circuit of
the system. Î no interaction of the capacitive currents of the system lampECG with the mains side and therefore no disturbances with regards to
CISPR 15 measurements.
Radio interference:
9 kHz to 300 MHz
LN
Low
R
Lamp
ECG
Plastics housing
Due to the partly high lamp voltages of T5 fluorescent lamps we
recommend to apply a functional earth to T5-lamps for improved radio
interference suppression.
3.8.2
Practical Details
Different Electronic Control Gear have to be connected to functional earth
for protection class II luminaires (potential equalisation): e.g.
QUICKTRONIC® INTELLIGENT QTi)
There is no coherence between the functional earth and the ground wire.
Thus the functional earth can be connected in luminaires of protection
class II.
Attention should be paid to:
1.) Luminaire
1.1) Construction
ECG housing and wire of functional earth have to be observed
as
active parts.
- Requirement regarding double or boosted Insulation against metal
parts or the luminaire surface have to be kept.
- the wire for the functional earth connection must not be marked in
yellow/green
1.2) Terminal Labelling
Acc. to EN 60445/VDE0197 the functional earth connection has to be
marked with the letters „FE“ or the below label. See label in
Section 3.7.
In any case the symbol of the protective earth must not be used for a
40
functional earthing!
2.) Instruction manual
The necessity of the functional earthing of an ECG due to EMI reasons is
noted in the technical data or in addition on the type label of the ECG with
the appropriate symbol. The regulations for the skinning and the max.
length of the wire are valid for L- and N-conductor. The length of the
functional earth must not exceed the max. length of the other wires.
IEC 60363/VDE V0800-2-548 have to be observed for the functional
earthing.
3.)
3.9
Temperature Ranges
Manufacturing
As the functional earthing isn’t a safety measure of the luminaire, the
test of the ground wire connections can be omitted.
To guarantee a reliable operation temperature ranges indicated on the
housing (ambient temperature of the ECG) as measurement temperature tc
have to be observed. In general, the lower the operating temperature of an
ECG the higher its service life.
(See Section 2.10, Reliability of ECG)
The temperature must be assessed separately for the two system
components (ECG and lamp). In the case of the lamp, there are physical
laws that restrict the temperature range, whereas in the case of the ECG
fixed limits must be set in order to ensure reliable operation. Apart from
this, there are external factors such as the reciprocal influences of ECG,
lamp and luminaire and the selected installation site which all of which
have an influence. Compliance with the specified limits and hence the
guarantee of the operational reliability are the responsibility of the relevant
luminaire or system manufacturer.
Operation of electronic control gear outside the recommended temperature
ranges can result in the following behaviour:
ECG ambient temperatures are too low:
Fluorescent lamps cannot be started reliably. At too low temperatures
some electronic components may not be functional or at least limited in
their operation.
ECG ambient temperatures are too high:
ECG life shortened or ECG even damaged. Î High ECG failure rate.
Important:
These limit temperatures apply even if the units are not in operation or are
in storage.
Typical temperature values for storage of ECG are:
Storage temperature: -40 °C to max. +80 °C
Humidity:
5 % to max. 85 %
3.9.1
Self heating ECG
Because of their low losses, OSRAM QUICKTRONIC® ECG for operation
41
of T5/∅ 16 mm- fluorescent lamps FH®...HE and FQ®...FO have a very low
thermal output, producing typically between 10 °C and 20 °C temperature
rise. It allows a wide range of ambient temperatures which is covering
almost all applications. If not, adequate measures must be taken in the
luminaire or at the site of installation to improve the thermal balance of the
luminaire.
If the limit temperature is expected to be exceeded for only short periods
(less than one hour, as may be the case in outdoor installations in direct
sunlight), but most of the entire time the operating temperature is below the
maximum recommended value (at night-time, for example), a certain
balance between reduction and extension of service life may be expected.
However, there is no guarantee from our side that this will be the case.
The temperature at the tc point must never be exceeded by more than
10 °C, otherwise the unit is very likely to suffer permanent damage.
ECGs may also suffer permanent damage if they are operated below the
specified minimum temperature. As already mentioned, if the lamps are
also too cold, there will be problems with starting, low luminous flux and a
shift towards the red end of the spectrum.
3.9.2
Control Gaer
Temperatures
For installing ECGs in luminaires, the measuring point temperature tc on
the case is of major importance in any thermal analysis. The maximum
recommended value for the unit and marked on the housing must not be
exceeded in order to reach the service life as specified in the data sheet.
To obtain a safety approval according to EN 60598 for a luminaire, this
temperature limit my be exceeded by up to 5 °C. However, this application
has a reducing effect on the ECG service life.
3.9.2.1 Measuring Point
Temperature tc
According to EN 60598, tc (c stands for case) is the maximum
recommended temperature that may occur at an indicated point on the
ECG (Tc measuring point) during normal operation at rated voltage and
within the specified temperature range.
In practice, the temperature rise of the housing results from the self-heating
of the unit, which in turn results from the power loss and the ambient
temperature of the ECG. This is influenced by the position of the lamp and
the design of the luminaire and is consequently always higher than the
ambient temperature of the luminaire.
Exceeding the maximum recommended tc temperature by a few degrees
drastically reduces the expected service life of the unit. If the temperature
is exceeded by more than 10 °C, a 50 % reduction in service life can be
expected. At 20 °C or more above the maximum recommended
temperature the unit is likely to fail very quickly. The limit temperatures of
various electronic components ,such as transistors, are primarily
responsible for this.
42
If, however, the temperature at the tc point is permanently 10 °C or more
below the maximum, the expected service life of the unit will be
approximately doubled.
3.9.2.2 Ambient Temperature
ECG : ta
According to EN 60598-1, ta (a stands for ambient) is the maximum value
of the steady state temperature at which, during normal operation, limit
temperature tc is not exceeded at the measuring point.
Also according to EN 60598-1, there are precisely defined testing and
measuring requirements for both surface mounted luminaires (pendant and
portable, for example floor lights) and recessed luminaries.
3.9.3
Lamp Temperature
The maximum values specified in the lamp documentation for cold-spot
temperature (see Technical Specification T5 Fluorescent Lamps) are
important operating criteria for the lamp and must not be exceeded nor
fallen below under any circumstances in order to achieve optimum
luminous flux. The ambient temperature to reach the maximum lumen
output is 35°C for T5/∅ 16 mm fluorescent lamps FH®..HE and FQ®...HO,
and 25 °C for FC®- circular fluorescent lamps
Placement of th filaments for T8 lamps
Cold Spot
Placement of the filaments for T5 lamps
T5 FH28W (nearly constant power supply): Luminous flux / Voltage - Horseshoe
T5 FQ54W (nearly constant power supply): Luminous flux / Voltage - Horseshoe
50°C
55°C
45°C
60°C
100%
90%
45°C
75°C
80°C
80%
80°C
30°C
85°C
70%
75°C
5°C
relative light output
90°C
60%
25°C
50%
20°C
40%
-5°C
45°C
25°C
40°C
55°C
35°C
ambient temperature
78°C
90°C
30°C
5°C
50%
25°C
40%
20°C
-5°C
15°C
20%
35°C
60%
30%
30%
50°C
45°C
75°C
35°C
ambient temperature
65°C
70°C
90%
55°C
85°C
70%
COLD SPOT temperature
40°C
55°C
60°C
25°C
35°C
70°C
80%
100%
65°C
COLD SPOT temperature
relative light output
3.9.3.1 Maximum Luminous
Flux for T5/∅ 16 mmFluorescent Lamps
Further lamp and ECG should not heat each other. ECG should be
dissipated through good thermal connection between ECG and luminaire
housing.
Usually, T5-fluorescent lamps reach their standard electric properties (rated
values) which are used for lighting design purposes at ambient
temperatures of 25 °C. Their maximum light outputs, however, are
achieved at ambient temperatures of 35 °C.
15°C
20%
-25°C
10°C
10%
10%
5°C
60%
65%
70%
75%
80%
85%
90%
95%
100%
0%
60%
10°C
-25°C
0°C
0%
55%
-5°C
5°C
0°C
65%
70%
75%
80%
85%
90%
95%
100%
relative lamp voltage
relative lamp voltage
Luminous flux FH®…HE and FQ®…HO fluorescent lamps related to the lamp ambient
temperature
43
At significantly lower or higher cold-spot temperatures than the specified
temperature the electrical properties of the lamps change drastically and
there is a significant reduction in luminous flux.
In normal cases of significant deviations, the shutdown mechanism in the
ECG will operate. In extreme cases there may be damage to the electronic
control gear.
If the lamp temperature is too low it may be difficult to start and the
luminous flux may be too low. Selecting a different site for installation
generally helps, or using some kind of outer tube to conserve the heat of
the lamp. It is important that this outer tube is installed on the etched lamp
side around the electrode (cold spot). In any case, we recommend that
luminaire manufacturer informs the electrician by printing the information
on the inside of the luminaire.
If the ambient temperatures are too high the ECG can be damaged and the
light output is too low. An optimized cooling is necessary.
In order to avoid a thermal interference when operating a multi-lamp T5system, it is required to install the lamps always with the lamp etch on one
side.
3.9.4
General
Recommendations for
Installation
It is important to ensure that the lamp and the ECG are positioned in the
luminaire so that they do not mutually heat one another and that the ECG
power loss can be properly dissipated even at the maximum expected
ambient temperature and/or supply voltage.
The tc-temperature at the measuring point on the ECG must not be
exceeded during operation even at the maximum expected ambient
temperature and/or supply voltage. Under “normal” ambient conditions the
tc-temperature measured at the measuring point should be at least 5 °C to
10 °C below the specified maximum value so there is a safety margin to
allow for extreme situations.
It may be necessary to split lamp and ECG (with, say, the lamp in the
luminaire and the ECG in the stand or luminaire support) such that the
absence of special measures the lamp and the ECG would not mutually
heat each other if arranged in close proximity, leading to excessive
temperatures of the lamps and/or the ECG. In such arrangements ensure
that the maximum cable length between ECG and lamp(s) is not exceeded
and the wiring instructions under Section 4.1 and 7.1 are followed.
3.9.5
Measuring the
Temperature
The simplest way to measure the relevant temperatures on the lamp
(especially at the cold-spot) and on the ECG (tc point) is with
thermocouples fixed to the lamp/ECG and a suitable measuring instrument.
Make sure the adhesive used is neutral in terms of its thermal, electrical
and photometric properties.
To measure the ECG temperature it is convenient to have a thermocouple
permanently attached to a housing cover and to exchange this for the
original cover.
The temperature values should only be measured when the steady-stae
temperature has been reached (in other words, when there has been no
44
significant change in temperature for some time). The supply voltage
should be held constant at least throughout the entire measuring cycle at
the rated voltage of the lamp.
The following procedure is recommended for the thermal analysis of the
luminaire, taking into account the design requirements specified in EN
60598-1:
1. Thermal situation in the luminaire without contol gear heat.
Luminaire in measurement setup according to EN 60598-1 in
standard mounting position, equipped with ECG and lamp and fitted
with thermocouples. The lamp is supplied from external control
gear, and not from the built-in ballast. In this way the temperature
rise in the entire set-up resulting only from the lamp can be
measured and the thermal “link” to the environment can be
optimized.
2. Thermal situation in the luminaire with contol gear heat.
Arrangement as described in 1., but the lamp is supplied from
internal control gear. By comparison with the measured values
obtained already, the additional heat generated by the ECG can
now be assessed.
3.10 Luminaire Wiring Test
for Two-lamp
Luminaires
output
socket 1
lamp terminal
N
L
QUICKTRONIC®
Earth connection via ECG- housing
1
2
3
4
output
socket 2
¾Insulation test: 500 VDC acc. to EN 60598 app. 3...5 sec.; R = 2MΩ
¾High voltage test (100% for each luminaire)
3.10.1 Testing with a Test
Adapter and Dummy
Lamps
A more precise wiring test for two-lamp luminaries than the one described
in Section 3.10.1 can be performed with a test adapter (own design with
the resistors shown in the diagram) and a sample tube (dummy lamp with
sockets measuring the resistance). This test can be used for two-lamp
luminaires equipped with the before mentioned ECGs.
45
The test is performed on the wired luminaire without mains voltage and
without lamps.
46
1. The test adapter is inserted behind the release lever of the 45°plug-in terminals or, in the case of combi-wiring terminals, in the
respective non-wired IDC or horizontal plug-in contact.
2. Instead of the lamps the two dummy lamps are inserted in the
lampholders of the empty luminaire.
Dummy 1
Dummy 2
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
Adapter
3. Measure the resistance between A and B and between C and D.
The resistance between A and B and between C and D should be
100 Ω.
4. Measure the resistance between E and F and between G and H in
the same way.
If the measured resistance is not 100 Ω, the wiring is incorrect.
47
3.11 ECG Operation for
Luminaires of
Protection Classes I
and II
In accordance with EN 60598, luminaires are grouped into protection
classes according to the measures taken against contact with high
voltages.
In the case of protection class I luminaires, all accessible parts which may
become live as a result of a fault must have a good conductive connection
to the PE conductor. The conductive link between the luminaire and the
ECG must not be provided by the PE conductor of the ECG but by
appropriate mechanical design features (such as using serrated edge
washers or serrated head bolts).
In the case of protection class II luminaires, live parts must be provided
with reinforced or double insulation. Protection class II luminaires do not
therefore have an earth connection (except protection class II luminaries
with functional earth).
ECGs only approved for installation in luminaires are not assigned to a
protection class since protection classes are defined only for end products
(such as luminaires) and not for components.
All QUICKTRONIC® units to operate T5/∅ 16 mm-fluorescent lamps
FH®...HE and FQ®...FO are, in principle, suitable for operation in protection
class I and II, unless otherwise indicated in the latest edition of the Lighting
Programme or under www.osram.com/ecg
However, radio interference suppression and temperatures must be
checked in each case.
As a general rule, we can say that the thermal properties in open metallic
luminaires (typically protection class I luminaires) are normally better than
in enclosed plastic luminaires (typically protection class II luminaires)
because of the good thermal conductivity of metal (heat sink effect) and
better convection possibilities in the luminaire.
3.12 Insulation Distances in
Luminaires
The use of luminaires is subject of a series of regulations governing
electrical safety (shock protection) and operational reliability in wet, dusty,
corrosive, flammable and explosive conditions. European standard
EN 60598 applies to the electrical safety of luminaires.
To guarantee the electrical safety of luminaires, special attention must be
paid to clearances and tracking distances. These terms are defined as
follows in EN 60598-1-11 for the mains terminal of the luminaire:
„Tracking distances at the mains terminal shall be measured between the
active parts in the terminals an any exposed metal part. Clearance shall be
measured between the incoming mains cable and exposed metal parts (i.e.
from the bare end from which the insulation has been stripped the furthest
to the metal part that is exposed). On the side of the terminal to which the
internal wires are connected, the clearance shall be measured between the
active parts and the exposed metal parts.”
For further information please refer to luminaire standard EN 60598.
3.13 Insulation Test
Luminaires must be subjected to insulation and high voltage testing
(according to EN 60598, VDE 0711, PM 395). Proceed as follows:
• Input and output terminals of the ECG – except the PE conductor
terminal – must be connected conductively with one another.
48
•
•
Conduct insulation test at 500 VDC; the leakage current should not
exceed 0.25 mA.
Carry out high voltage test at 1.5 kV AC/50 Hz. This voltage must
be maintained for 1 s without flash-over (i.e. leakage current <
10 mA).
The following are recommended alternatives for the luminaire
manufacturers (PM 333, PM 395):
• 100 % high voltage testing (insulation testing may be omitted) or
• 100 % insulation testing and 1-2% high voltage testing or
• testing by agreement with the testing authority (such as VDE,
KEMA, SEMKO)
3.13.1 Dielectric Resistance
in Lighting Systems
Dielectric resistance in lighting systems (> 0.5 MΩ) can be measured in
accordance with DIN VDE 0100 Part 600 Section 9 between:
a)
b)
c)
d)
The outer conductors (L1, L2, L3) and the protective
earth (PE) conductor
The neutral conductor (N) and the protective earth (PE)
conductor
The outer conductors (L1, L2, L3) among themselves
The outer conductors (L1, L2, L3) and the neutral
conductor (N)
The insulation test is performed at 500 VDC.
3.13.2 Mesuring the
Dielectric Resistance
between N and PE or
L and PE
(See picture in Section 3.10)
Tests are performed on new and existing installations. In existing
installations the test may be carried out without isolating the luminaire
approx. every two or three years.
There must be no electrical connection between the neutral conductor (N)
and the PE conductor. In this insulation measurement (500 VDC with
respect to PE), the neutral conductor isolating terminal should only be
disconnected if mains voltage is disconnected! Make sure the connection is
secure before reapplying mains voltage. Failure to observe these
instructions may lead to destruction of all the ECGs in the system due to
an unbalanced load and a resultant overvoltage.
Recommendation: 500 VDC = max. 1 mA measurement current
Measurement procedure:
• The ECG appears momentarily to have low resistance (charging of
the capacitors in the interference suppression filter).
• The ECG then appears to have high resistance.
An insulation fault in the lamp circuit does not affect the ECG.
The ECG will not be damaged by insulation tests provided a maximum
current of 1 mA is not exceeded (the measuring equipment must be
designed as a current source with an internal resistance of 500 kΩ).
Important:
Before using the lighting system, check for correct N conductor
connections! While the lighting system is in operation, never interrupt the
neutral conductor!
49
3.13.3 Three-Phase
Operation
Tthe proper connection of the N conductor is very important in an
installation for even load distribution in a three-phase operation.
The following diagram shows both the correct and the faulty wiring and ist
possible impact:
Uphase-Phase
= UN x √3
(z.B. 400V~)
UN
(z.B. 230V~)
•
•
•
3.13.4 Resistance to
Overvoltage for
QUICKTRONIC® for
T5/∅ 16 mmFluorescent Lamps
3.14 Inrush Current /
Automatic Circuit
Breakers
UN* > UN
UN* > UN
Theoretical maximum value:
UN*max = UN x √3 (= 400 VAC @ UN = 230 VAC)
In practice:
UN* < 350 V in most cases
(no complete asymmetrical load distribution)
QUICKTRONIC®-ECG for operation of T5/∅ 16 mm- fluorescent lamps
FH®...HE and FQ®...HO have the following resistance to overvoltage:
QUICKTRONIC® INTELLIGENT, QTi
Resistance to overvoltage
350V Î continuous
400V Î 48 hours
QT-FH ... CW (30 mm height)
QT-FQ ... CW (30 mm height)
300V Î continuous
320V Î 48 hours
350V Î 2 hours
QT-FH ... F/CW (21 mm height)
QT-FQ ... F/CW (21 mm height)
300V Î continuous
320V Î 48 hours
350V Î 2 hours
When an ECG is switched on, a starting current pulse of very short
duration (< 1 ms) occurs as the storage capacitors responsible for internal
power supply charge up. If a large number of ECGs are switched on
simultaneously (particularly if they are switched on at peak rated voltage) a
starting current will flow that will reduce the recommended number of ECGs
per automatic circuit breaker below that which would apply if we were to
consider only their rated currents. All switching equipment and protection
devices must therefore be selected according to their current carrying
capacity.
The values mentioned in Section 7.3 refer solely to the automatic circuit
breakers type B from Siemens.
50
3.15 RCDs / Fault Currents
In the case of ECGs with protective earth (PE) connections, both the high
short duration starting current and the small continuous current through the
interference suppression capacitors in the ECG can trip the residual current
detector (RCD).
The following solutions may be considered:
• Devide the luminaires into three phases and use three-phase RCDs
• Use surge-current-resistant, short-delay
• Use 30 mA RCDs (if possible)
In Section 7.3 are the values for QUICKTRONIC® ECG for operation of
T5/∅ 16 mm- fluorescent lamps FH®...HE and FQ®...HO.
3.16 Leakage Current
In protection class I luminaires, the internal HF filter in an ECG with PE
conductor connection produces a 50 Hz leakage current through the earth
conductor whose value depends on the product type.
This 50 Hz leakage current limits the number of ECGs that can be operated
on an RCD.
For all QUICKTRONIC® units to operate T5/∅ 16 mm- fluorescent lamps
FH®...HE and FQ®...HO the following applies:
Leakage current < 0.5 mA
3.17 ECGs in Three-Phase
Operation
When using electronic control gear in a three-phase operation the following
points have to be considered:
1. Check whether the mains voltage is within the application range of
the ECG (DC/AC range from 198 V to 254 V).
2. The mains connection on the installation side may only be made to
the luminaire terminal. For luminaries or luminaire groups in 3phase circuits.
3. Make absolutely sure that the neutral conductor is correctly
connected to all the ECG-luminaires and that it is making proper
contact.
4. Cables may only be disconnected or connected when no voltage is
present.
5. For 3x230/240 V supply networks in triangular circuit arrangements,
protection by way of common disconnection of the phase conductor
is necessary.
Important:
• In new installations the load must not be connected when the
insulation resistance is measured with 500 V DC, since according to
VDE 0100 T600 Section 9 the test voltage is also applied between
the neutral conductor (N) and all three external lines (L1, L2, L3. In
existing installations it is sufficient to carry out an insulation test
between the external lines (L1, L2, L3) and the protective earth
without disconnecting the loads. The neutral conductor (N) and the
protective earth (PE) may not be electrically connected in any way
when this is done. For this insulation measurement (500 V DC to
earth) the neutral conductor disconnection terminal may only be
opened with the mains voltage switched off!
51
•
Before the equipment is put into operation, make sure that the N
conductor is correctly connected!
•
During operation do not disconnect the N conductor on ist own or
first!
Luminaires or luminaire groups can also be wired in 3-phase operation with
a common N conductor (neutral conductor) as seen in the diagram 3.14.2
If the common neutral conductor is interrupted in a 3-phase star
configuration and voltage is present, then luminaires or groups of
luminaires operated with ECG may be exposed to unacceptably high
voltages and the ECG itself may be destroyed.
See also Section 3.14.3 for high voltage resistance of different
QUICKTRONIC® types to operate T5/∅ 16 mm- fluorescent lamps
FH®...HE and FQ®...HO.
52
4. Lamp Wiring
4.1 h = 21 mm
4.1.1 QUICKTRONIC®
INTELLIGENT
1-lamp version
4.1.2
QUICKTRONIC ®
INTELLIGENT
2-lamp version
4.1.3
QT-FH MULTIWATT
F/CW
4.1.4
QT-FQ F/CW
1-lamp version
53
4.1.5
QT-FQ F/CW
2-lamp version
4.2 h= 30 mm
4.2.1 QT-FH MULTIWATT
1- and 2-lamp version
4.2.2
QT-FH
3- and 4-lamp version
54
4.2.3
QT-FQ 1-lamp version
4.2.4
QT-FQ 2-lamp version
General Information:
Technical data edition May 2005 are used for this edition. Generally the
ECG imprint is valid.
Technical data are subject to change without any notes.
55
5. QUICKTRONIC® INTELLIGENT
5.1
Definition
INTELLIGENT
Electronic Control Gear of OSRAM labelled with this sign are realised in
µController technology.
The ECG to operate T5/∅ 16 mm-fluorescent lamps in equal length detect
the lamps and operate them with rated data.
Thanks to this different lamp wattages and types can be operated with one
ECG type only.
5.2
Lamp Detection as
Fundamental
Advantage
In the past, T5/∅ 16 mm-fluorescent lamp systems have been devided in
two different families, FQ®…HO and FH®…HE.
With HO-fluorescent lamp systems high lumen packages (i.e. HO 80 W
with up to 7.000 lm) can be realized. FH®…HE fluorescent lamp systems
are not very powerful but extremely efficient (luminous efficacy up to
104 lm/W). Both lamp families have the same lamp lengths, however,
different wattages (see Section 2.2) which, up to now, required always a
dedicated ECG. This is now a thing of the past due to QTi and their
possibility to combine T5 fluorescent lamps of equal length.
These T5 lamp types can be operated with just one QTi:
FH® 14W HE + FQ® 24W HO
FH® 21W HE + FQ® 39W HO
FH® 28W HE + FQ® 54W HO
FH® 35W HE + FQ® 49 W HO + FQ® 80W HO
( 549 mm)
( 849 mm)
(1,149 mm)
(1,449 mm)
5.3
QTi – the High-tech
ECG
As QUICKTRONIC® INTELLIGENT automatically detect T5/∅ 1 6mm
fluorescent lamps and operate them according to their optimal electric
parameters, lamps reach their maximum lamp life. As a result, lamp
replacement intervals can be significantly extended.
Due to the minimal losses of QUICKTRONIC® INTELLIGENT the energy
balance of T5 systems is optimised. The proven OSRAM cut-off technology
(turning off the electrode preheating after the lamp started) contributes to
the improved energy savings. For the first time, this is also possible for
dimmable ECG QTi … DIM thanks to QUICKTRONIC® INTELLIGENT
technology.
5.4
QTi – Advantages
QUICKTRONIC® INTELLIGENT QTi reduce not only the cost of
illumination, they also increase the productivity
•
•
•
Less number of fixture types in the production process
(for example only one basic type for 35/ 49/ 80 Watt)
Less complexity in manufacturing through:
- identical wiring for dimmable and non dimmable QTi
- identical case dimensions (1- or 2-lamp versions)
- cw-terminal (combi wiring) for mechanical and manual wiring
New design options for super flat T5 luminaires due to minimal
height of only 21 mm for QTi.
QUICKTRONIC® INTELLIGENT, QTi also reduce the cost through:
56
•
•
•
•
5.5
QTi – Practically
Applied
Less stock keeping of luminaires (approx. 50 % less types)
Change of lumen output possible at any time simply by replacing
the lamp
No wrong lamp types by mistake with effect on the lamp life
Lower number of luminaires to be stocked at the user’s facility
In industrial applications different minimum illumination levels have to be
applied according to law. Up to now, this required separate luminaire types.
From now on, this requirement can be fulfilled with only one basic luminaire
type fitted with different lamps.
For example:
Workplace for technical drawing 1000 Lux, Ra > 80 Î FQ® 80W HO
• Workplace for mechanical
manufacturing
500 Lux, Ra > 80 Î FQ® 49W HO
• Factory traffic
300 Lux, Ra > 80 Î FH® 35W HE
With the new family QUICKTRONIC® INTELLIGENT, QTi, OSRAM
contributes to reduce the cost of our business partners in terms of logistics
or to more flexibility in lighting installations.
5.6
Technical Specialties
for non-dimmable QTi
5.6.1 Inrush current
limitation
Einschaltstrombegrenzung auf max. 1,5 A bei TH = 0,5 ms
16A-Automat
Charakteristik B
typischerweise
bisher
41 Stk.
QTi
nicht dimmbar
1x...
28 Stk.
1-lp.EVG
(15 Stk. 2-lp. EVG)
(28 Stk. 2x...)
The new micro-controller technology allows alternative circuits in the input
section of an electronic control gear. Therefore it is now possible to equip
non-dimmable versions with a limitation of the starting current.
By limiting the starting currents almost twice as many QTi units can be
operated on a single automatic circuit breaker than compared to singlewattage ECGs.
This product feature reduces the wiring efforts in lighting installations.
See Section 7.3 for specific values of starting currents.
57
5.6.2
Resistance to
Overvoltage up to
400V
Usually, electronic control gear work with input voltages between 220 V and
240 V in a standard three-phase installation.
If the contact of the neutral conductor is missing or faulty, this value can
rise – depending on the load distribution – up to a maximum value of
√2 * 230 V = 400 V
The resistance to overvoltage of non-dimmable QTi is 300 V for the
duration of two hours. Depending on the load distribution in an installation
normally values between 280 V and 400 V are achieved. To integrate an
optical warning signal without additional stress of components
QUICKTRONIC® INTELLIGENT units shut down the lamps at voltages
greater than 290 V. At the input of the ECG the input voltage is measured
in an interval of ms and the lamp is automatically restarted once the voltage
drops below 290 V, thus avoiding to influence the lamp life.
5.6.3
Lamp-ECGCombination
5.6.3.1 Straight Fluorescent
types
Besides the combination of T5/∅16mm-fluorescent lamps of equal length
additional fluorescent lamps can be operated in combination with QTi. All
lamp combinations have an ENEC approval, which means that the
fluorescent lamps are operated without loss of lumens compared to singlewattage types.
Combinations
with FH, FQ, T8
FQ
FQ
FQ
FQ
FQ L
FH
FH
FH
FH
HE14 HE21 HE28 HE35 HO24 HO39 HO49 HO54 HO80 18
W
W W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
QTi 1x14/24/21/39
QTi 1x28/54
QTi 1x35/49/80
QTi 2x14/24/21/39
QTi 2x28/54
QTi
Q
Ti 2x35/49
58
L
30
W
L
36
W
L
70
W
L
58
W
5.6.3.2 Compact and Circular
lamp types
Combinations
with DL, DF, FC
QTi 1x14/24/21/39
DL
18
W
DL
24
W
DL
36
W
DL
40
W
DL
55
W
DL
80
W
DF
18
W
DF
24
W
DF
36
W
FC
22
W
FC
40
W
FC
55
W
QTi 1x28/54
QTi 1x35/49/80
QTi 2x14/24/21/39
QTi 2x28/54
QTi 2x35/49
5.6.4
Wiring
All single-lamp or two-lamp versions of QTi have identical wiring no matter
if dimmable with DALI-interface, dimmable with 1-10 V-interface or nondimmable.
UN
1
21
2
22
3
4
23
QTi 1x...
24
5
25
DA (–)
6
26
DA (+)
7
27
1
21
2
22
UN
3
4
L
23
QTi 2x...
24
5
25
DA (–)
6
26
DA (+)
7
27
L
L
Cables which should kept short are always applied to the terminals with the
highest numbers.
For absolute cable lengths see Section 7.2.
1-lamp version:
2-lamp version:
#26 and 27
#24, 25, 26 and 27
This product feature allows the pre-production of luminaires with cable
harnesses.
59
5.6.5
Dimensions
Harmonised and identical dimensions for all 1-lamp and 2-lamp QTi is
another product feature increasing the flexibility in luminaire design and
production.
Dimensions of all 1-lamp
versions
(l x b x h) 360 x 30 x 21 mm
Dimensions of all 2-lamp
versions
(l x b x h) 423 x 30 x 21 mm
5.7
FAQ
•
Can FH®…HE and FQ®…HO- fluorescent lamps be operated
together with a 2-lamp QTi?
No, because in this case both fluorescent lamps are not operated at
their rated data. The ECG will not be damaged, however a
significant difference in the luminous flux of both lamps can be
seen.
•
Will the lamp detection be repeated with every restart of the ECG?
Yes, a the clear lamp detection with every restart is guaranteed.
The fluorescent lamps start within 1 second.
•
Can QTi also be operated in emergency lighting installation at DC
voltage?
Yes, QTi are suitable for the operation with DC voltage.
•
Does the entire approval have to be done for all lamp wattages?
No, according to an international testing institute the entire approval
must only be carried out for the system with the highest wattage. All
other T5/∅ 16 mm-fluorescent lamp combinations are subject to a
reduced testing procedure.
However, we recommend to discuss these details with the
according national approval authorities.
.
60
6. Special Applications
6.1
Outdoor Application
If you intend using electronic control gear for T5/∅ 16 mm- fluorescent
lamps in outdoor luminaires, it is important to remember that depending on
the design of the luminaire, it may be exposed to moisture and humidity.
The level of protection of the luminaire (IP ... according to DIN 40050/IEC
529) determines whether standard or special ECG have to be installed.
1) In luminaires of ingress protection type „5“ (protected against water
jets: IP 65 for example) standard ECG can be used since dampness
cannot penetrate this type of luminaire. So there is no risk of the
ECG being corroded.
2) In the case of luminaires of protection type „3“ (protected against
splash water, IP 43 for example), it is possible that water droplets
will penetrate and cause corrosion. We therefore recommend using
a protective housing (OUTKIT) over the ECGs for these luminaires.
When using QUICKTRONIC® of 21 mm height in combination with
OUTKIT (see Section 6.1.2) special attention should be paid to the
proper strain relief of the ECG in the OUTKIT cases.
Typical applications include lighting systems for car washes, petrol stations,
outdoor advertising, swimming poops etc.
For these applications we recommend to use the ECG in combination with
OUTKIT.
6.1.1
Installation
Instructions
In addition to general installation and wiring instructions (Section 3) the
following information is important:
•
The mains connection terminals on the ECGs should point
downwards. In other words, the control gear should be installed
vertically or upside down with the base of the ECG uppermost,
otherwise horizontally with a slight incline (5 to 10°). This will
prevent condensate from collecting inside the unit and causing
short-circuits on the printed circuit board and tripping the RCD as a
result of leakage currents.
•
All ECG terminals that are not protected by vertical or upside down
installation should be covered by arched metal plates or plastics
(better with regards to corrosion) so that spray water and
condensate cannot drip into the terminals and therefore into the
ECG.
•
Place ECGs on spacers
water/condensation.
•
To prevent water entering the control gear through the terminals
along the incoming or outgoing cables, it is best to bend the cables
ahead of the terminals (to provide a water pocket or drip point). To
ensure success, the lowest point of the kink should lie below the
level of the terminal inlet.
•
A small opening at the lowest point on the luminaire is also
recommended so that condensation can escape. However, this
opening should be protected so that rain and spray cannot enter.
61
to
protect
them
from
dripping
In summary, we can say that the ECG should be installed in such a way
that spray, water drops and condensation cannot enter the ECG and that
moisture and condenses inside the ECG can run out.
An ECG can withstand condensation for short periods but long-term
exposure to moisture should be avoided. The ECG must be operated for at
least 30 minutes per day so that condensation inside the ECG can
evaporate.
The luminaire casing should not be hermetically sealed. Instead, it should
be ventilated so that the condensate that forms during the cool-down period
as a result of the change in temperature (a luminaire is switched on, say, at
–10 °C, warms up during operation to +30 °C and then cools down again to
–10 °C after it has been switched off) is not trapped inside the unit and can
evaporate safely.
6.1.2
OUTKIT
Technical Data
OUT KIT Short
OUT KIT Long
198 V to 264 V
198 V to 264 V
Voltage Range
-25 °C to 50 °C
-25 °C to 50 °C
Temperature Range
485 mm
550 mm
Lenth
38 mm
38 mm
Height
452 mm
517 mm
Distance mouting whole
a
20
20
Standard pack [pcs.]
OUT KIT Short for ECG with l = 360 mm
OUT KIT Long for ECG with l = 423 mm
Permitted cable diameter for use of standard cables:
2-3 mm for the material attached for 2,3 and 4 wires
2-2,7 mm for the material attached for 7 wires
6.2
6.2.1
T5-ECG in Sound
Studios
Noise and how to
avoid it
If electronic control gear for T5/∅ 16 mm-fluorescent lamps are to be used
in areas in which noise and electromagnetic interference (see also Section
2.7) are important factors there are special requirements that have to be
met when installing the ECG and the luminaires.
Generally speaking, noise is generated in electronic circuits as a „hum“ (at
50 Hz or 100 Hz) or as higher frequency interference in inductances
(chokes, transformers) and capacitors.
Compared with conventional control gear (chokes), electronic controlgear
with their high-frequency mode of operation (in which inductance values are
much lower) generate appreciably lower noise levels and are a problem
only in highly sensitive environments such as sound studios for CD quality
recordings. The fully electronic control gear for T5/∅ 16 mm-fluorescent
lamps offered by OSRAM is much quieter than conventional ballasts.
T5/∅ 16 mm-fluorescent lamps can only be operated by electronic
62
control gear. Therefore, a direct comparison with conventional control gear
(chokes) does not make sense.
In T5 luminaires, the electronic control gear functions as a vibration source
and is capable of exciting adjacent metallic or plastic components so that
they act as resonators, amplifying the actual noise considerably and help to
spread it out.
To avoid this, especially the recommended minimum distance between two
T5/∅ 16 mm- fluorescent lamps has to be respected so that no noise can
be generated due to physical contact.
32 mm
1. For high luminaire efficiency the distance should be at least 48 mm
between the two lamps (approximately two fingers should fit
between the lamps)
2. When designing the luminaire for minimum distance the maximum
recommended base temperature of 120 °C may never be
exceeded.
6.2.2
Recommended
minimum distance
between lamp and
refelctor
The maximum recommended base temperature of 120 °C may never be
exceeded.
A distance of less than 3 mm between lamp and reflector can result in
generation of noise even in luminaires with non-dimmable ECGs.
At a distance of less than 6 mm between lamp and reflector the leakage
current of the dimmed lamps 35 W, 49 W and 80 W causes visible
differences in brightness between the ends of the lamps. In addition, the
radio interference suppression is getting worse.
OSRAM recommendation:
In general, OSRAM recommends to keep a minimum distance of 6 mm
between lamp and reflector. In certain cases (unfavourable capacitive
interference) the minimum distance should be even greater.
To develop luminaires that are as quiet as possible, it is therefore essential
to insulate the control gear and chassis or luminaire support. In other
words, there should be clearance below the ECG with the ECG mounted on
point supports on the luminaire chassis or on rubber absorbers as used for
conventional ballasts. Under certain circumstances, this type of mounting
may, however, lead to thermal problems since the best way to dissipate the
power loss to the environment is to have the ECG in full contact with the
chassis.
63
Solving this problem with an appropriate housing design and/or type of
installation for the luminaire (forced cooling, increased convection effect)
has a further advantage in reducing the interference noise level and should
therefore seriously considered.
Experiments have shown that the amount of noise generated is closely
linked to the operating temperature of the electronic control gear. This is a
particularly important factor if the unit has been installed in accordance with
the recommendations given above. In extreme cases, it will not be possible
to work without additional heat sink.
In addition, the noise level increases disproportionately as the temperature
of the ECG rises. It is therefore best to operate the control gear at a
temperature below the maximum recommended value. In practice, this
means that the amount of noise generated is less, the lower the measuring
point temperature tc. A combination of acoustic insulation of the ECG and
reduced operating temperature represents the best technical solution.
In general, the following applies:
Electronic control gear for T5/∅ 16 mm-fluorescent lamps FH®...HE and
FQ®...HO are so quiet that even in very quiet surroundings they cannot be
discerned by the human ear. They are therefore ideal for sound-sensitive
areas such as radio studios with CD quality recordings. If necessary,
random samples should be used to determine whether, given the local
parameters (volume of the studio, reverberation time and number of
ECGs), insulation as described above is needed from an acoustic point of
view or whether standard products could be used.
6.3
Treatment Rooms,
Operating Rooms
In rooms used for medical treatment electrodes may be placed on a
patient’s body to obtain electro-cardiogram or electro-encephalogram
recordings. To eliminate interference from magnetic fields, DIN VDE 0107
defines the maximum recommended inductance strengths. Luminaires
fitted with QUICKTRONIC® control gear easily fall within this limit values at
distances of 0.75 m and greater.
Because of their magnetic field strengths, conventional control gear that
cannot be used for T5/∅ 16 mm-fluorescent lamps but for T8/∅ 26 mm
tubes are often not suitable and have to be placed at least 3 m away.
6.3.1
Electromagnetic
Interference
Fluorescent lamps are not point light sources and cannot be adequately
focused, which means they are not considered suitable to light operating
tables. Dichroic halogen lamps are used almost exclusively. But even the
room lighting has to meet very stringent requirements in terms of radiated
magnetic fields. Sensitive patient monitoring systems in the operating room
and intensive care wards must not be exposed to leakage magnetic fields.
It is necessary to comply with the maximum recommended interference
levels and minimum installation distances for luminaires as defined in VDE
0107/6.81. Important information on this subject can be found in Section
3.2, electromagnetic compatibility.
Whereas conventional control gear had to be installed separately from the
luminaire in a central switch cabinet far enough away from the treatment
area, ECGs for T5/∅ 16 mm fluorescent lamps can, in most cases, be
installed directly in the luminaire without any problem. The actual
64
interference levels generated by luminaries fitted with ECGs are generally
lower than those generated by the connecting cables between the luminaire
and the choke for a conventional separate T8/∅ 26 mm arrangement.
The electrical safety requirements correspond to those for installations in
humid locations. In other word, protection class II luminaires should be
used. For precise information on the minimum level of protection for the
luminaire see DIN 40050/IEC 529.
Because of their low field strengths ECGs are unlikely to affect electronic
equipment. There has been no known incidence of a heart pacemaker
being affected.
6.3.2
Interference from
Infrared Transmission
Equipment
Fluorescent lamps emit energy in wavelength bands that are also used for
infrared transmission. These emissions cannot be changed at the lamp.
Since IR receivers are often not selective and operate with wide
wavebands, the IR equipment may be triggered inadvertently if light from
the lighting system enters the receiver. The light emitted from the
fluorescent lamp is modulated at twice the operating frequency ( 40 kHz to
120 kHz). Interference may occur if the useful signal also operates in this
frequency range.
Interference is likely in cases in which the useful signal falls in the
frequency range of the light emitted from the fluorescent lamp. Operating at
higher frequencies ( 400 to 1500 kHz) or using optical filters in front of the
infrared receivers (absorption filters) may help. Shielding the infrared
receiver from direct light (with a tube, for example) may also help.
The carried signal for sound transmission used to be around 95 kHz or
higher, which meant that the 3rd, 5th and 7th harmonics of the ECG operating
frequency ranges (30 to 60 kHz in normal operation and up to 120 kHz in
dimmer mode) led to considerable interference in transmission. Headphone
manufacturers shifted to higher frequencies, such as 2,3 MHz and 2,8 MHz,
to remedy the problem.
For simultaneous interpreting systems, which also operate in the 95 to
250 kHz frequency range, we recommend not to use the first six
transmission channels, particularly channel 1, because these are affected
by the harmonics of the basic ECG frequencies.
6.4
Electronic Tagging
Many department stores and shops now use electronic tagging systems to
protect their merchandise (such as clothes, CDs, drugstore articles etc.)
against theft. These systems typically operate with resonance frequencies
in the kHz-range.
In certain circumstances these systems may malfunction if the operating
frequency is between 30 kHz and 130 kHz. It may be possible to eliminate
the problem by increasing the distance between the luminaire and the
transmitter/receiver.
6.5
Emergency Lighting
T5-luminaires with QUICKTRONIC® from OSRAM can be operated on
either AC or DC voltage. This means that the same luminaries can be used
for both general lighting and emergency lighting in an easy and costeffective way. Especially safety lighting from installations with high
illuminances (i.e. in workplaces with high risks) can be realised
65
economically due to the high luminous efficacy of T5/∅ 16 mm-fluorescent
lamps operated with QUICKTRONIC® control gear.
The following electro-technical regulations apply to emergency and safety
lighting systems installed in Germany:
Regulations governing the installation of power
systems with rated voltages up to 1000 V
Installing and testing electrical installations in
medical rooms
Installing and operating power systems in buildings
for gatherings of people and safety lighting at work
Installing electrical systems in hazardous areas
Regulations governing accumulators and battery
systems
VDE 0100
VDE 0107
VDE 0108
VDE 0165
VDE 0510
In addition, there are various lighting standards that have to be observed. In
view of the number involved, we have selected just a couple by way of
example. The full list can be obtained from Beuth verlag (Publishers) in
Berlin.
Lighting requirements for emergency lighting are in included in EN 1838.
The classification of EN 1838 is in safety lighting and alternative lighting
whereas particular importance is in safety lighting.
Emergency lighting acc. to EN 1838
Emergency
Lighting
Safety Lighting
Alternative Lighting
Safety Lighting
for escape route
Antipanic
Lighting
Safety Lighting
for workplaces
with special
danger
Beside the illuminance (lx) the switch-on delay is a very important criterion
that covers ECG (time for ignition) and lamp (starting behaviour).
66
6.5.1
Different criteria for
lighting
Safety lighting
for escape
route
Illuminance Emin
1 lx
Switch-on delay 50 % of the
required
illuminance
within 5 s
100 % within
60 s
Safety Lighting
for workplaces
with special
danger
10 % of the
> 0,5 lx
maintenance
horizontal on the value of
ground
illuminance
absolutely: 15 lx
50 % of the
0,5 s
required
immediately
illuminance
specified value
within 5 s
(10 %) has to be
100 %
within achieved
60 s
Antipanic
Lighting
DIN VDE 0108 includes further information in addition to EN 1838.
In addition to the switch-over times of Electronic Control Gear to operate
T5/∅ 16 mm fluorescent lamps , mentioned within the next sections, the
switch-over time of the relays have to be considered.
These data are available in the technical relay data.
6.5.1.1 Switch-over time for
QTi – h=21 mm
6.5.1.2 Switch-over time for
QT-FH…CW –
h=30 mm
6.5.1.3 Switch-over time for
QT-FQ…CW –
h=30 mm
6.5.1.4 Switch-over time for
QT-…F/CW –
h=21 mm
Lampstart
Ignition time for
a) Cold lamp
(Stand-by mode)
b) warm lamp (i.e.short term
interruption of voltage)
Preheat
Lampstart
Ignition time for
a) Cold lamp
(Stand-by mode)
b) warm lamp (i.e.short term
interruption of voltage)
Preheat
Lampstart
Ignition time for
a) Cold lamp
(Stand-by mode)
b) warm lamp (i.e.short term
interruption of voltage)
Preheat
Lampstart
Ignition time for
a) Cold lamp
(Stand-by mode)
b) warm lamp (i.e.short term
interruption of voltage)
Preheat
67
< 1 sec.
< 0.5 sec.
< 2 sec.
< 0.5 sec.
< 0.5 sec.
< 0.5 sec.
< 0.5 sec.
< 0.5 sec.
6.5.2
Wiring diagrams for
emergency lighting
units
Exemplary wiring diagrams for emergency lighting units
Subject to change without any notes
OSRAM cannot assume warranty for engineering change of the emergency
lighting units.
6.5.2.1 Wiring diagram
QT-FH 3x14 CW with
emergency lighting
component from
BAG
L NPE
+
7
ELC - E
6
5
BAG
4 L' ECG
ELECTRONICS
3 L ECG
2 L ELC
~
1 N ELC
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
L
N
3
4
7
8
6.5.2.2 Wiring diagram
QT-FH 4x14 CW with
emergency lighting
component from
BAG
connected via ELC-E
QT - FH 3x14 CW
1
2
5
6
1
3
2
5
4
7
6
8
L NPE
+
7
ELC - E
6
5
BAG
4 L' ECG
ELECTRONICS
3 L ECG
2 L ELC
~
1 N ELC
L´
N
QT - FH 4x14 CW
3
4
7
8
68
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
1
2
5
6
9
10
connected via ELC-E
3
1
2
5
4
7
8
6
6.5.2.3 Wiring diagram
QT-FH 3x14 CW with
emergency lighting
component from
OMNITRONIX
connected via MCME
L
1
N
3
1
2
5
2
5
3
QT-FH 3x14 CW
6
4
7
8
6
4
7
8
OMNITRONIX
6.5.2.4 Wiring diagram
QT-FH 4x14 CW with
emergency lighting
component from
OMNITRONIX
connected via MCME
L
1
N
3
2
5
QT-FH 4x14 CW
4
7
1
2
5
6
6
4
9
7
10
9
10
3
8
8
OMNITRONIX
6.6
DC supply
Luminaires for emergency lighting are switched to battery supply only in the
event of a power failure. In mains operation, the luminaires are powered by
the normal supply. The mains and emergency lighting switchover
arrangement must reliably separate mains operation from emergency
lighting operation; it must be a break-before-make arrangement.
A deep discharge protection system must be provided for battery systems.
This effectively prevents the batteries discharging too much and suffering
69
damage as a result and also prevents possible damage to the electronic
control gear.
General
Switchover from mains supply to emergency supply and vice versa must
take place in a break-before-make arrangement (See Section 6.5). In this
discrete switching sequence there is a period – the length of which
depends on the design of the emergency monitoring system – in which
current does not flow or at least the supply voltage falls considerably below
its minimum recommended value. These switching times must comply with
the limits already mentioned in DIN 5035.
In accordance with DIN VDE 0108, the battery units must be designed for
rated operation of at least 3 hours. If the ECG is supplied with a rectified
AC voltage, this voltage should have as small a residual ripple as possible.
The AC voltage component must be less than 5 %.
If changeover units are used (emergency lighting fixtures with internal
switching) which supply the lamp directly from an emergency supply and
interrupt the system circuit between the ECG and the lamp, the following
must be observed:
•
•
•
6.7
Portable Luminaires
Changeover or disconnection of the lamps from the ECG to the
external unit must be on all terminals
When switching back from the external supply to ECG operation,
the lamp(s) must first be connected at all terminals to the ECG
before the ECG is supplied with power again (for example by using
a time delay relay), otherwise the shutdown mechanism in the ECG
will operate.
Many of these emergency lighting units available on the market do
not comply with the normal operating conditions for the lamps and
therefore damage them. In such cases, OSRAM cannot guarantee
the life of the lamps.
Portable ECG luminaires of protection class I (i.e. cable and plug with earth
terminals), require a fuse in both the L conductor and on the N conductors
of the mains supply. If VDE approval documents for ECGs state “for
permanently installed luminaires” then only the L side is fuse-protected.
The N side must be fused in the luminaire if the ECG is to be used also
suitable for portable luminaries.
The additional fuse on the N side must be designed for mains voltage,
suitable for the system input current and be of the “anti-surge” type.
All OSRAM QUICKTRONIC® ECG for T5/∅ 16 mm- fluorescent lamps are
equipped with two internal fused on the circuit board so that there is no
need for additional measures as described above.
_
~
230240V
The units are generally labelled with L and N and not with the symbol „≈“ for
AC voltage.
6.8
Mix-up of FH®- and
FQ®-Fluorescent
Except QUICKTRONIC® INTELLIGENT, QTi, all other ECGs for
T5/∅ 16 mm- fluorescent lamps can only operate the according FH®…HE70
Lamps
or FQ®…HO-lamp in one length.
If there is a mix-up of fluorescent lamps in the luminaire, this can cause
problems.
Effects on the system:
The lamps will generally be started. However, there will be lamp blackening
and early failure after a short period of time and (lamp life much less than
1000 hours).
The ECG will not be damaged at any time.
We recommend to label the reflector of the T5-luminaire with a small sticker
showing the exact lamp description.
71
7. Appendix
7.1
7.1.1
7.1.2
Overview of Maximum
Cable Lengths
QUICKTRONIC®
INTELLIGENT
QT-FH MULTI...CW
-30 mm height-
The following tables give an overview of the maximum cable lengths of
QUICKTRONIC® ECGs for T5∅ 16 mm-fluorescent lamps FH®...HE and
FQ®...HO.
The sequence of fixing the wires to the terminals goes from the upper right
downwards.
ECG-type
Sequence
PIN
21
PIN
22
21-27
21-27
21-27
21-27
21-27
21-27
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
Sequence
PIN
6
PIN
5
6-1
6-1
2
2
Sequence
1-4
1-4
QTi 1x14/24/21/39
QTi 1x28/54
QTi 1x35/49/80
QTi 2x14/24/21/39
QTi 2x28/54
QTi 2x35/49
ECG-type
QT-FH 1x14-35 CW
QT-FH 2x14.35 CW
ECG-type
QT-FH 1x14
QT-FH 1x21
ECG-type
QT-FH 3x14 CW
ECG-type
7.1.3
7.1.4
QT-FQ...CW
-30 mm height-
QT-FH MULTI…F/CW
-21 mm height-
PIN
25
PIN
26
PIN
27
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
PIN
4
PIN
3
PIN
2
PIN
1
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
PIN
1
PIN
2
PIN
3
PIN
4
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
Sequenc PIN
e
1
1-6 re
3-8 li
1,5
PIN
23
PIN
24
PIN
2
PIN
3
PIN
4
PIN
5
PIN
6
PIN
7
PIN
8
1,5
1,5
1,5
1
1
1
1
Sequence PIN PIN PIN PIN PIN PIN PIN PIN PIN PIN
1
1,5
2
1,5
3
1,5
QT-FH 4x14 CW
1-10 re
3-8 li
ECG-type
Sequence
PIN
6
PIN
5
QT-FQ 1x24 CW
QT-FQ 1x39 CW
QT-FQ 1x49 CW
QT-FQ 1x54 CW
QT-FQ 1x80 CW
QT-FQ 2x24 CW
QT-FQ 2x39 CW
QT-FQ 2x49 CW
QT-FQ 2x54 CW
6-1
6-1
6-1
6-1
6-1
6-1
6-1
6-1
6-1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
ECG-type
Seque
nce
PIN
1
1-7
1-7
2
1
QT-FH 1x14-35 F/CW
QT-FH 2x14-28 F/CW
72
4
1,5
PIN
4
5
1,5
6
1,5
7
1
8
1
9
1
10
1
PIN
3
PIN
2
PIN
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
PIN
2
PIN
3
PIN
4
PIN
5
PIN
6
PIN
7
2
1
2
2
1
2
1
2
7.1.5
7.1.6
QT-FQ…F/CW
-21 mm height-
QT-FC
ECG-type
QT-FQ 1x24-39 F/CW
QT-FQ 1x54 F/CW
QT-FQ 1x80 F/CW
QT-FQ 2x24-39 F/CW
QT-FQ 2x54 F/CW
QT-FQ 2x80
ECG-type
QT-FC 1x55/230-240 S
7.2
Terminal Types
Seque
nce
PIN
1
PIN
2
1-7
1-7
1-7
1-7
1-7
1-7
2
2
2
1
1
1
2
2
2
1
1
1
2
2
2
Seque
nce
PIN
1
PIN
2
PIN
3
PIN
4
1-4
2
2
1
1
WAGO 250
QT-FH MULTI CW
QT-FQ … CW
QT-FH 1x14, 21
QT-FH 3, 4x14
QT-FH...F/CW
QT-FQ...F/CW
QTi
PIN
3
WAGO 251
PIN
4
PIN
5
PIN
6
PIN
7
2
2
2
1
1
1
2
2
2
1
1
1
2
2
2
PIN
5
PIN
6
PIN
7
WAGO 251mini
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Special features of particular terminals: see Section 3.1ff
7.3
Inrush Currents
QUICKTRONIC®
INTELLIGENT
QTi 1x14/24/21/39
QTi 1x28/54
QTi 1x35/49/80
Ip[A]
1
1
1
QTi 2x14/24/21/39
QTi 2x28/54
QTi 2x35/49
QT-FQ 2x80
1
1
1
60
TH [µs]
155
155
155
200
200
200
230
QUICKTRONIC®
21 mm height
QT-FH 1x14-35 F/CW
QT-FH 2x14-28 F/CW
Ip[A]
17
20
QT-FQ 1x24-39 F/CW
QT-FQ 1x54 F/CW
QT-FQ 1x80 F/CW
QT-FQ 2x24-39 F/CW
QT-FQ 2x54 F/CW
QT-FQ 2x80 F/CW
17
27
27
27
32
39
73
TH [µs]
155
210
155
170
170
170
210
260
Max. number of ECGs
with automatic circuit
breakers
10A
16A
26
41
26
41
26
41
19
19
19
5
31
31
31
9
Max. number of ECGs
with automatic circuit
breakers
10A
16A
25
41
17
28
25
17
17
17
10
8
41
28
28
28
17
14
QUICKTRONIC®
30mm height
Ip[A]
20
20
QT-FH 1x14-35 CW
QT-FH 2x14-35 CW
TH [µs]
210
210
QT-FQ 1x24 CW
QT-FQ 1x39 CW
QT-FQ 1x49 CW
QT-FQ 1x54 CW
QT-FQ 1x80 CW
QT-FQ 2x24 CW
QT-FQ 2x39 CW
QT-FQ 2x49 CW
QT-FQ 2x54 CW
17
17
20
20
28
20
28
28
28
155
155
210
210
230
210
230
230
230
25
25
17
17
8
17
8
8
8
41
41
28
28
13
28
13
13
13
QT-FH 1x14
QT-FH 1x21
QT-FH 3x14 CW
QT-FH 4x14 CW
17
17
20
20
155
155
230
230
25
25
17
17
41
41
28
28
QUICKTRONIC®
for FC
Ip[A]
28
QT-FC 1x55/230-240 S
7.4
Lamp/ECG
Combinations
OSRAM Installation
Tips for T5-Systems
TH [µs]
230
Max. number of ECGs
with automatic circuit
breakers
10A
16A
8
13
Valid Lamp-ECG combinations are available in the Lighting Programme.
Edition January 2005
www.osram.com/ecg
7.5
Max. number of ECGs
with automatic circuit
breakers
10A
16A
17
28
17
28
also
available
in
Section
9
or
under
Maximum lamp temperatures for T5/∅ 16 mm fluorescent lamps compared
to T8/∅ 26 mm-fluorescent lamps
Max. temp. at lamp caps
Lamp centre
°C
120
140
120
120
°C
45...55
50...65
40...60
50...70
T8/L36W
T8/L58W
T5/FH28W
T5/FQ54W
Electrode area
°C
100...120
110...130
160 (200...250*)
160 (200...250*)
*) in FH-ECG- Luminaires
the lamp could be incorrectly used,
e.g. FH35W with FQ80W
74
7.5.1
Recommended
Minimum Distance
between Lamp and
Reflector
The maximum recommended base temperature of 120 °C may never be
exceeded (see Section 7.5).
A distance of less than 3 mm between lamp and reflector can result in
generation of noise even in luminaires with non-dimmable ECGs.
At a distance of less than 6 mm between lamp and reflector the leakage
current of the dimmed lamps 35 W, 49 W and 80 W causes visible
differences in brightness between the ends of the lamps. In addition, the
radio interference suppression is getting worse.
OSRAM recommendation:
In general, OSRAM recommends to keep a minimum distance of 6 mm
between lamp and reflector.
In certain cases (unfavourable capacitive interference) the minimum
distance should be even greater.
7.5.2
Recommended
Minimum Distance
between two
T5/∅16mmFluorescent Lamps
OSRAM recommendation:
1.
For high luminaire efficiency the distance should be at
least 48 mm between the two lamps (approximately two
fingers should fit between the lamps)
2.
When designing the luminaire for minimum distance the
maximum recommended base temperature of 120 °C
may never be exceeded.
32 mm
Exemptions:
Interference between dimmable ECG-lamp circuits in parallel configuration
can cause flickering. Therefore, we recommend a minimum distance of
120 mm (from lamp axis to lamp axis) between two lamps in a dimmable
two-lamp luminaire where two dimmable single-lamp ECGs are used. Or in
other applications where multiple dimmable ECGs are used in parallel such
as RGB-applications in illuminated ceilings.
If the wiring is done very carefully a minimum distance of 50 mm (between
the two lamp axis) can be achieved.
75
7.5.3
Luminaire
Optimisation
With the mentioned measuring principle the best correlation between
ambient temperature and cold spot temperature of the T5-lamps is
achieved.
Attach the thermocouples in the area of the lamp caps
within a distance of 2mm from the glass tube
x
Lamp etch
Measuring point with the best correlation
between cold-spot temperature and
ambient temperature
7.5.4
Maximum luminous
flux for FH®…HE
fluorescent lamps
T5 FH28W (nearly constant power supply): Luminous flux / Voltage - Horseshoe
50°C
55°C
65°C
COLD SPOT temperature
90%
80°C
80%
40°C
45°C
35°C
55°C
85°C
ambient temperature
30°C
70%
90°C
25°C
35°C
70°C
75°C
relative light output
45°C
60°C
100%
75°C
5°C
60%
25°C
50%
20°C
40%
-5°C
30%
15°C
20%
-25°C
10°C
10%
5°C
0°C
0%
55%
60%
65%
70%
75%
80%
85%
90%
95%
100%
relative lamp voltage
So called Horseshoe Curve shows the correlation in between the cold spot
temperature and the ambient temperature ta.
7.5.5
Verticalness
Operation
If luminares are operated in horizontal position the lamp stamp of the
FH®…HE und FQ®…HO fluorescent lamps have to be placed down.
Luminaires with circular FC® lamps have to have the lamp socket
positioned down.
76
8. Troubleshooting Tips
8.1
General
1) ECG in constant operation (24 hours)
Recommendation:
Installations with ECGs operating 24 hours a day should be
switched of each day for a few minutes.
Reason
When a lamp comes to the end of its life there is an increase in
lamp voltage causing an asymmetrical additional load in the ECGcircuit. When exceeding a certain value this additional load shuts
down the ECG (EoL, T.2). When the ECG is switched on again all
the relevant values of the lamps are checked and “critical” values
can be detected.
2) Wiring of multiple ECG
Recommendation:
Lamp cables from different ECGs should not be routed together.
Raeson:
Mutual interference may lead to problems with starting and/or
normal operation (lamps may automatically disconnect)
3) Coding of the lamp cables
To speed up troubleshooting in luminaires and luminaire systems it
is extremely useful for the lamp cables to be uniquely coded (colour
coded or numbered). This applies especially to two-lamp ECGs and
even more so to 3- and 4-lamp ECGs since the large number of
cables increases the risk of connecting incorrectly.
4) Terminal blocks (2, 3, 4, 6 and 7 positions)
These terminal blocks are used with the majority of OSRAM ECGs.
Note that only single core cables with a cross-section of 0.75 mm²
to 1.5 mm² can be inserted without pressing the release tab. Larger
cross-sections are not recommended; the release tab has to be
pressed down for smaller cross-sections.
8.2
Equipment Behaviour
on Overvoltage
Appearance of the lighting system:
The lamps are of different brightness (from time to time).
Depending on the ECG type, the internal shutdown circuit will operate at
voltages above 280 V. In the event of a fault, the lamp generator will be
disconnected. The mains input circuit and various other sub-circuits,
however, continue to be supplied with this high voltage. If the mains voltage
increases further there will be changes in the operating characteristics of
the unit.
In most cases, this will lead to damage or destruction of the overvoltagesensitive varistor/protective diode, which in turn will cause the unit fuse to
trigger and damage to the unit.
If the system fault is corrected and the mains voltage has returned to the
specified tolerance range without damage to the unit, the unit can continue
to operate normally after an interruption in the mains supply and a recovery
time of typically 20 seconds. If the mains voltage continues to be high, the
unit will once again go into protection mode as soon as power flows to it.
Over short periods of time, this state does not usually damage the unit.
77
If a QUICKTRONIC®-ECG for T5/∅ 16m m-fluorescent lamps is operated
over long periods on a supply voltage greater than 280 V it may fail as a
result of overheating (with the exception of QUICKTRONIC®
INTELLIGENT).
8.3
Equipment Behaviour
on Under Voltage
Important:
Significant under voltage can cause ECG failure for all ECG in constant
wattage circuitry. Due to the characteristics of arrangement the line current
increases for decreasing voltage. Below the specified voltage range this
causes an overload of the filter chokes. First the colour of the copper wire
and board below are changing. For a longer overload both windings of one
or both filter chokes fail due to melting or swelling in the windings.
Compact and straight fluorescent lamps go out below the specified value of
the ECG or even don’t ignite if voltage is too low. The ECG will not be
affected while the lamp is still burning. If the lamp is disabled at the end of
its life (i.e. emitter paste is wasted), the safety shut-down of the ECG
cannot work below the specified voltage range and a damage of the ECG is
possible.
8.4
8.4.1
Application faults
Wiring faults on the
lamp side
All single-lamp QUICKTRONIC® ECGs and units with 6-pole output
terminals:
If there is a wiring fault the lamp will not operate or will cold start. In
particularly serious cases there is a risk that the ECG will be destroyed.
8.4.2
Short-to-ground at the
output of
QUICKTRONIC® ECG
If there is a short-circuit-to earth at one or more of the connecting cables
between the ECG and the lamp, the ECG will fail.
Damage to the ECG:
•
Melting and swelling of only one winding on one or both input filter
chokes
•
Breakdown of one or two rectifier diodes, irrespective of whether
they are discrete or integrated components.
There are, however, other causes of these major faults. Generally, as a
consequence, consequential damage occurs at other components and this
damage need not be unique in character.
8.4.3
Effects of moisture
Rust at the edges of metal housings may indicate the effects of moisture. If
the printed circuit board and/or various components are tarnished, it can be
assumed that there has been a serious moisture ingress. There will be
short-circuits between neighbouring component connections or solder
points with high potential difference, resulting in failure of the ECG.
Symptoms of serious faults are indicated by a “tidermark” inside the
housing.
8.4.4
Installing luminaires
in draughty locations
Depending on the location of the fluorescent lamp in the draught, the lamp
will cool down in certain areas of the bulb. This leads to local depletion of
mercury and to a darkening of the lamp in these areas because there is no
78
mercury available to generate UV radiation.
This can be remedied by installing a thermal tube in the luminaire. The
effect always or nearly always occurs in the area of the luminaire where the
ECG is not located. This is due to the power loss of the ECG side of the
lumiaire will always be slightly warmer for the same reason.
Caution: Mercury depletion leads to a reduction in lamp voltage and to an
increase in discharge current. This may result in damage to the
ECG or, in extreme cases to failure of the ECG.
8.5 Trouble Shooting
8.5.1 Lamp does not start
Problem:
Lamp does not start (with two-lamp ECGs both lamps fail to start), no
visible glow shortly after start-up. Same behaviour even after being off for 1
minute (internal reset) and restart.
Possible cause:
a)
RSD or other protective device in the installation has operated
Remedy:
Check the wiring on the mains side or insulation resistance. Has the
max. recommended number of ECGs on one phase in a 3-phase
system been exceeded= Make sure that the neutral conductor is
connected properly to all the luminaires and makes good contact.
Check that moisture has not penetrated the luminaire?
Possible cause:
b)
Fault in the wiring on the mains side
Remedy:
Check whether the mains voltage is in the required range for the
ECG. Make sure that the neutral conductor is connected properly
to all the luminaires and makes good contact. Check that the
cables sit correctly in the terminals.
Possible cause:
c)
At least one lamp has reached the end of its life owing to a cathode
break or increase in lamp voltage.
Remedy:
Replace the lamp (for two-lamp ECGs we recommend replacing
both lamps at the same time to keep maintenance time and costs
to a minimum).
Possible cause:
d)
The “fail-safe” overload protection device in the ECG has
responded (the ECG is permanently damaged)
Remedy:
Check whether the lamp(s) operate at other positions. If not, check
whether the mains voltage is within the permissible range. Make
sure that the neutral conductor is connected properly to all the l
uminaires and makes good contact. Replace the ECG and lamp.
79
8.5.2
Brief Glimmer
Problem:
Lamp does not start but there is a brief glimmer from one or both lamp (i.e.
the protective circuit in the ECG has responded at start-up).
Same behaviour even after being off for one minute (internal reset) and
restart
Possible cause:
a)
At least one lamp has reached the end of its life owing to a cathode
break or increase in lamp voltage
Remedy:
Replace the lamp (for two-lamp ECGs we recommend replacing
both lamps at the same time to keep maintenance time and costs
to a minimum).
Possible cause:
b)
Wiring faulty between ECG and lamp (output terminals not used or
reversed: contact problems in the holder or the terminals (e.g. wire
cross-section too small or too large)
Remedy:
Check the lamp-side wiring fo rcorrect contact. Has the lamp
connection been wired according to the wiring diagram on the
ECG? For two-lamp ECGs in particular, check that the common or
external connection is correctly wired.
Possible cause:
c)
A lamp with the wrong wattage has been installed or, in the case of
two-lamp ECGs, only one lamp is installed or there are lamps of
different wattages
Remedy:
The wattage and type of lamp must correspond to the wattage and
type indicated on the ECG or the lamp/ECG combination should be
in line with OSRAM’s Indoor and Outdoor Lighting brochure. ECGs
designed for two-lamp operation must be operated with two lamps.
Possible cause:
d)
The mains voltage lies outside the limit values indicated on the ECG
or in the data sheet
Remedy:
Check the voltage at the ECG and at source; check the wiring on
the mains side.
Possible cause:
e)
The temperature at the measuring point of the ECG is too high (for
a brief description of the temperature at the ECG and lamp see end
of text)
Remedy:
The luminaire or site of installation should be modified to ensure
that the maximum recommended temperature is not exceeded
even in onerous conditions (high ambient temperature and/or high
supply voltage)
80
Possible cause:
f)
Changeover times and voltage levels are outside recommended
tolerances for emergency lighting systems with changeover
between AC and DC
Remedy:
Measure the DC supply voltge and check the switchover
properties, or consult the equipment manufacturers.
Possible cause:
g)
Non-sinusoidal mains voltage or DC voltage with high residual
ripple (e.g. operation with fully electronic leading edge phase
control dimmer switch or artificial mains network/emergency
generating set)
Remedy:
Check whether the mains voltage is in the required range for the
ECG and the wave form or residual ripple in DC operation is within
the specified limit values. Dimming is not recommended unless the
ECG is expressly approved for dimming, in which case the
prescribed controls (special accessories) must be used.
Possible cause:
h)
At least one lamp has reached the end of its life owing to a increase
in lamp voltage
Remedy:
Replace the lamp (for two-lamp ECGs we recommend replacing
both lamps at the same time to keep maintenance time and costs
to a minimum)
8.5.3
Lamp goes out during
operation
Problem:
The lamp goes out during operation (at least one lamp in the case of twolamp units)
Possible cause:
a)
The reversible protection device in the ECG has responded during
operation. The reason may be an intensive transient mains fault
(mains voltage falls below the minimum voltage specified on the
ECG for longer than permissible). Pulses of exceptional energy
(transients) are superimposed on the mains voltage. The value of
the mains voltage exceeds the maximum recommended value (e.g.
because of a fault in the supply unit). Slow increase in mains
voltage following neutral conductor break (unbalanced load,
depending, among other things, on the mains load).
Remedy:
Disconnect the ECG or luminaire from the mains then check the
supply voltage. If such problems occur sporadically, we
recommend recording the mains voltage and/or using an
oscilloscope or memory voltmeter. The electricity supplier may
have to be consulted. Make sure that the neutral conductor is
connected properly to this luminaire and makes good contact.
81
Possible cause:
b)
The temperatures at the measuring point on the ECG or at the cool
spot on the lamp(s) are exceeded (for a brief description of the
temperature at the ECG and lamp see end of text).
Remedy:
The luminaire or site of installation should be modified to ensure
that the maximum recommended temperature is not exceeded
even in onerous conditions circumstances (high ambient
temperature and/or high supply voltage).
8.5.4
Different brightness
levels
Problem:
Luminous output too low compared with other luminaires. Different
brightness levels for the two lamps in two-lamp luminaires. Different
brightness levels at the lamp ends
Possible cause:
a)
Typical maintenance behaviour of a fluorescent lamp at the end of
its life
Remedy:
Replace the lamp (for two-lamp ECGs we recommend replacing
both lamps at the same time to keep maintenance time and costs
to a minimum).
Possible cause:
b)
Lamps of different wattages colour appearance or incorrect
wattage
Remedy:
The lamp wattage must match the wattage indicated on the ECG.
The colour appearande should be homogenous within an
application.
Possible cause:
c)
Incorrect wiring between ECG and lamp (output terminals not used
or reversed; contact problems)
Remedy:
Check the lamp-side wiring for correct contact. Has the lamp
connection been wired according to the wiring diagram on the EG?
For two-lamp ECGs in particular, check that the common or
external connection is correctly wired. Pay particular attention in
the case of special combinations.
Possible cause:
d)
Lamps are “force cooled” by draughts
Remedy:
Find the cause of the draught and either eliminate the draught or
protect the lamps accordingly.
82
8.5.5
Fault in other
electrical equipment
Problem:
Fault in other electrical equipment, particularly radio and television
receivers
Possible cause:
a)
Wiring problems
Remedy
Lamp cables should be short, far enough away ( > 5 cm) from
earthed metallic parts and, if possible, not laid parallel to mains
cables (particularly in the luminaire). If cross-overs are needed they
must be at right angles. The mains cables must also be as short as
possible.
Possible cause:
b)
Electrical equipment, radios and televisions are inadequately
immunity to interference
Remedy:
Increase the distance between the luminaire and the equipment, if
necessary, contact the manufacturer.
Possible cause:
c)
The IR remote control signals for TV operate at a similar frequency
to the ECG
Remedy:
Move the IR receiver ont the TV out of the readiation field of the
lamp or disable it.
8.5.6
Problems at masterslave operation
Problem:
Problems on master-slave arrangements for 2lamp ECGs
Possible cause:
Wiring problems
Remedy:
Lamp cables should be short, far enough away ( > 5 cm) from
earthed metallic parts and, if possible, not laid parallel to mains
cables (particularly in the luminaire). If cross-overs are needed they
must be at right angles. The mains cables must also be as short as
possible. In master-slave arrangements the maximum length of the
cable to the daughter luminaire must not be exceeded.
8.5.7
Humingh or
“chirping” from the
ECG
Problem:
Huming or “chirping” from the ECG
Possible cause:
Non-sinusoidal AC voltage
Remedy:
Eliminate sources of interference if necessari in consultation with
the electricity supplire.
83
9. Lamp-ECG Combinations
9.1
FQ®...HO-Fluorescent
Lamps
Lamp
ECG type
LxWxH [mm]
1-lp
FQ® 24W
2-lp
FQ® 24W
QTi 1x14/24/21/39
QT-FQ 1x24… CW
QT-FQ 1x24-39…F/CW
QT-M 1x26-42…S
QT 1x24/230-240
QT-ECO 1x18-24…S
QT-ECO 1x18-24…L
QTi 2x14/24/21/39
QT-FQ 2x25…CW
QT-FQ 2x54… F/CW
QT-M 2x26-32 … S
360 x 30 x 21
360 x 30 x 30
360 x 30 x 21
103 x 67 x 31
237 x 30 x 30
80 x 40 x 22
150 x 22 x 22
423 x 30 x 21
360 x 30 x 30
423 x 30 x 21
123 x 79 x 33
Lamp
ECG type
LxWxH [mm]
1-lp
FQ® 39W
2-lp
FQ® 39W
QTi 1x14/24/21/39
QT-FQ 1x39 … CW
QT-FQ 1x24-39…F/CW
QT-M 1x26-42 … S
QTi 2x14/24/21/39
QT-FQ 2x39…CW
QT-FQ 2x24-39…F/CW
360 x 30 x 21
360 x 30 x 30
360 x 30 x 21
103 x 67 x 31
423 x 30 x 21
360 x 30 x 30
423 x 30 x 21
Lamp
ECG type
LxWxH [mm]
1-lp
FQ® 49W
2-lp
FQ® 49W
QTi 1x35/49/80
QT-FQ 1x49…CW
QTi 2x35/49
QT-FQ 2x49…CW
360 x 30 x 21
360 x 30 x 30
423 x 30 x 21
360 x 30 x 30
Lamp
ECG type
LxWxH [mm]
1-lp
FQ® 54W
2-lp
FQ® 54W
QTi 1x28/54
QT-FQ 1x54…CW
QT-FQ 1x54…F/CW
QTi 2x28/54
QT-FQ 2x54…CW
QT-FQ 2x54…F/CW
360 x 30 x 21
360 x 30 x 30
360 x 30 x 21
423 x 30 x 21
360 x 30 x 30
423 x 30 x 21
Lamp
ECG type
LxWxH [mm]
1-lp
FQ® 80W
2-lp
FQ® 80W
QTi 1x35/49/80
QT-FQ 1x80…CW
QT-FQ 1x80…F/CW
QT-FQ 2x80
360 x 30 x 21
360 x 30 x 30
360 x 30 x 21
423 x 30 x 21
84
PSys
[W]
27
27
28
27
25
22
22
54
51
53
54
PSys
[W]
43
42
41
40
88
85
82
PSys
[W]
55
54
110
110
PSys
[W]
61
61
59
119
118
122
PSys
[W]
89
86
87
176
lm
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1600
1600
2x1750
2x1750
2x1750
2x1750
lm
3100
3100
3100
3000
2x3100
2x3100
2x3100
lm
4300
4300
2x4300
2x4300
lm
4450
4450
4450
2x4450
2x4450
2x4450
lm
6150
6150
6150
2x6150
9.2
9.3
FH®...HE-Fluorescent
Lamps
FC®…Fluorescent
Lamps
Lamp
ECG type
LxWxH [mm]
1-lp
FH® 14W
2-lp
FH® 14W
3-lp
4-lp
FH® 14W
FH® 14W
QTi 1x14/24/21/39
QT-FH 1x14-35…CW
QT-FH 1x14-35…F/CW
QT-FH 1x14
QT-ECO 1x4-16...S
QT-ECO 1x4-16…L
QTi 2x14/24/21/39
QT-FQ 2x14-35…CW
QT-FH 2x14-28…F/CW
QT-FH 3x14…CW
QT-FH 4x14…CW
360 x 30 x 21
360 x 30 x 30
360 x 30 x 21
237 x 30 x 30
80 x 44 x 22
150 x 22 x 22
423 x 30 x 21
360 x 30 x 30
423 x 30 x 21
425 x 40 x 30
425 x 40 x 30
Lamp
ECG type
LxWxH [mm]
1-lp
FH® 21W
2-lp
FH® 21W
QTi 1x14/24/21/39
QT-FH 1x14-35…CW
QT-FH 1x14-35…F/CW
QT-FH 1x21
QT-ECO 1x18-21...S
QTi 2x14/24/21/39
QT-FH 2x14-35…CW
QT-FH 2x14-28…F/CW
360 x 30 x 21
360 x 30 x 30
360 x 30 x 21
237 x 30 30
80 x 40 x 22
423 x 30 x 21
360 x 30 x 30
423 x 30 x 21
Lamp
ECG type
LxWxH [mm]
1-lp
FH® 28W
2-lp
FH® 28W
QTi 1x28/54
QT-FH 1x14-35…CW
QT-FH 1x14-35…F/CW
QTi 2x28/54
QT-FH 2x14-35…CW
QT-FH 2x14-28…F/CW
360 x 30 x 21
360 x 30 x 30
360 x 30 x 21
423 x 30 x 21
360 x 30 x 30
423 x 30 x 21
Lampe
ECG type
LxBxH [mm]
1-lp
FH® 35W
2-lp
FH® 35W
QTi 1x35/49/80
QT-FH 1x14-35…CW
QT-FH 1x14-35…F/CW
QTi 2x35/49
QT-FH 2x14-35…CW
360 x 30 x 21
360 x 30 x 30
360 x 30 x 21
423 x 30 x 21
360 x 30 x 30
Lamp
ECG type
LxBxH [mm]
1-lp
FC® 22W
2-lp
FC® 22W
QT-FQ 1x24…CW
QT-M 1x26-42…S
QT-ECO 1x18-24…S
QT-ECO 1x18-24…L
QT-FQ 2x24…CW
QT-M 2x26-32…S
QT 2x24…
360 x 30 x 30
103 x 67 x 31
80 x 40 x 22
150 x 22 x 22
360 x 30 x 30
123 x 79 x 33
280 x 42 x 30
85
PSys
[W]
18
18
18
16
15
15
32
31
32
50
65
PSys
[W]
25
24
23
23
23
47
46
46
PSys
[W]
32
31
31
63
61
61
PSys
[W]
39
38
38
79
77
PSys
[W]
27
26
22,5
22,5
51
54
51
lm
1200
1200
1200
1200
1200
1200
2x1200
2x1200
2x1200
3x1200
4x1200
lm
1900
1900
1900
1900
1800
2x1900
2x1900
2x1900
lm
2600
2600
2600
2x2600
2x2600
2x2600
lm
3300
3300
3300
2x3300
2x3300
lm
1800
1800
1650
1650
2x1800
2x1800
2x1800
Lamp
ECG type
LxBxH [mm]
1-lp
FC® 40W
2-lp
FC® 40W
QT-FQ 1x39…CW
QT-M 1x26-42…S
QT-FQ 2x39…CW
360 x 30 x 30
103 x 67 x 31
360 x 30 x 30
Lamp
ECG type
LxBxH [mm]
FC® 55W
QT-FQ 1x55…S
123 x 79 x 33
ECG type
LxBxH [mm]
QT-M 2x26-32…S
123 x 79 x 33
1-lp
Lamp
FC® 22 + 40
86
PSys
[W]
42
44
85
lm
3200
3200
2x3200
PSys
[W]
60
lm
PSys
[W]
lm
70
4000
1800 +
3200
10. Tender Documents
See www.osram.com/ecg/tender-documents
10.1 QUICKTRONIC®
INTELLIGENT QTi
µProzessor controlled ECG to operate T5/∅ 16 mm fluorescent lamps
FQ®...HO and FH®...HE in equal length.
Automatic lamp detection during lamp starting
Optimized Operation of all approved lamps with rated data
Lamp operation acc. to EN 60929 and IEC 60929
Range :
QTi 1x35/49/80
QTi 1x28/54
QTi 1x14/24/21/39
QTi 2x35/49
QTi 2x28/54
QTi 2x14/24/21/39
Geometry: 360 x 30 x 21 mm³
Geometry: 423 x 30 x 21 mm³
Lamp Preheat Start within 1 Second
Ambient Temperature: -20 °C up to+50 °C
Emergency Lighting acc. to . DIN VDE 0108 (EN 61347-2-3) possible
DC Voltage Range: 154 V to 276 V
AC Voltage Range:: 198 V to 254 V
Approval Marks:
- Circuitry
-Circuitry
Automatic restart after lamp replacement
ECG-lifetime: 50.000 h with a max. 10 % failure rate (at tc = 70 °C)
10.2 QUICKTRONIC®
MULTIWATT for
FH…HE
h = 30 mm
Fully electronical, digital control gear to operate all FH®...HE-fluorescent
lamps
Lamp preheat start within 1 Second
Combi Wiring Terminal for automatic and manual wiring
- Circuitry
Ambient Temperature: -20 °C to +50 °C
Emergency lighting acc. to. DIN VDE 0108 (EN 61347-2-3) possible
DC Voltage Range: 154 V to 276 V
AC Voltage Range: 198 V to 254 V
-Circuitry
Range:
QUICKTRONIC® MULTIWATT
87
QT-FH 1x14-35/230-240 CW
QT-FH 2x14-35/230-240 CW
Geometry: 360 x 30 x 30 mm³
Automatic restart after lamp replacement
ECG-lifetime: 50.000 h with a max. 10 % failure rate (at tc = 70 °C)
10.3 QUICKTRONIC® for
FQ…HO
h = 30 mm
Fully electronical, digital control gear to operate all FQ®...HO fluorescent
lamps
Lamp preheat start within 1 Second
Combi Wiring Terminal for automatic and manual wiring
- Circuitry
Ambient Temperature: -20 °C to +50 °C
Emergency Lighting acc. to DIN VDE 0108 (EN 61347-2-3) possible
DC Voltage Range: 154 V to 276 V
AC Voltage Range: 198 V to 254 V
-Circuitry
Range:
QUICKTRONIC® for FQ®...HO fluorescent lamps
QT-FQ 1x24/230-240 CW QT-FQ 2x24/230-240 CW
QT-FQ 1x39/230-240 CW QT-FQ 2x39/230-240 CW
QT-FQ 1x49/230-240 CW QT-FQ 2x49/230-240 CW
QT-FQ 1x54/230-240 CW QT-FQ 2x54/230-240 CW
QT-FQ 1x80/230-240 CW
Geometry: 360 x 30 x 30 mm³
Automatic restart after lamp replacement
ECG-lifetime: 50.000 h with a max. 10 % failure rate (at tc = 70 °C)
88
11. Index
Technical data are subject to change without any notes.
Printed data in this edition replace previous.
Ambient Temperature
Approval Marks
Automatic Relamping
3.9.2
2.17
2.5
Cable Cross Section
Cable Length
Cable Routing
Cable Type
CCC-Mark
CE-Mark
Circuit breaker
Cold Spot
Conducted Interferences
cut-off Technology
3.1.2
3.3; 7.1
3.1.6
3.1.1
2.20
2.17.2; 2.19
3.15
3.9.3; 3.9.5; 7.5.4
3.2.2.2
2.14
DC-Voltage
6.6
ECG in Sound Studios
ECG Milestones
ECG Temperature
Economy
EEI
Electromagnetic Compatibility EMC
Electromagnetic Disturbances
Emergency Lighting
End-of-Life
Energy Saving
Exterior Applications
6.5
1.12
3.9.2
2.2
2.18
2.19; 3.2
6.3.1
6.5
2.17.1
1.6
6.1
Failure Rate
FAQ for QTi
Fault Currents
Fluorescent Circline
Functional Earth
2.10
5.7
3.16; 6.1.1
1.2.3
3.7 ff
Harmonic Content
High Efficiency FH®…HE
High Output FQ®…HO
High Voltage Test
Hot Wires
Humidity
3.2 ff
1.2.1
1.2.2
3.13
3.4
3.3; 3.9; 6.1.1
Ignition Time
Immunity
Inrush Current
Installation Instructions
Insulation Distances
Insulation Test
Insulation
6.5.1 ff
3.2 ; 8.5.5
3.14
3.2.2.5; 3.9.4; 6.1.1
3.12
3.13
3.1.4
89
Lamp Failure
Lamp Temperature
Lamp-ECG-Combination
Leakage Current
Lifetime
Lighting Comfort
Line Voltage 120 V/277 V
Line Voltage
Luminaire Wiring Test
2.6
3.9.3
7.4 ; 9 ff
3.16
2.12; 3.9.1
2.1
2.4.7
2.4 ff
3.10
Magnetic Field
Master-Slave-Operation
Measurementpoint Temperature
3.2.2.4
8.5.6
3.9.2.1
Noise
2.7; 6.2.1
OUTKIT
Overvoltage
6.1; 6.1.2
2.3; 2.4; 1 f; 8.2
PE Connection
PE-Connection
Permissible Cable Lengths
Power Factor λ
Protection Class I or II
3.7
3.7; 3.8.2; 3.11
3.3; 7.1 ff
2.8
3.11; 6.7
QUICKTRONIC® INTELLIGENT QTi
5 ff
Radio Interference Suppression
Reliability
Resistance to Frequent Switching
2.17; 3.2.2; 3.1.6; 3.4
2.10
2.11
Safety Lighting
Safety
Selective Shielding
Self heating
Storage Temperature
Switching between Lamp and ECG
6.5
2.3
3.2.2.4
3.9.1
3.9
3.5
ta Ambient Temperature
tc Measurement Point
Temperature Measurement
Temperature Range
Tender Documents
Terminals
Test Adapter
Thermal Influences
Three-Phase-System
Treatment Rooms
Troubleshooting Tips
3.9 ff
3.9.2.1
3.9.5
3.9
10f
7.2
3.10.1
2.13
3.13.3
6.3
8ff
Undervoltage
U-OUT
2.4.3 f; 8.3
2.16
90
VDE-EMC sign
VDE-sign
Voltage Range
Voltage Resistance
2.8; 2.17.2
2.19
2.4
3.13.4 ; 3.17
Wiring Diagrams
3.1 ff; 6.1.1
91
Albania
(supported by OSRAM Greece)
Argentina
OSRAM Argentina S.A.C.I.
Ramos Mejia 2456
B 1643 ADN Beccar
Pcia. De Buenos Aires
Tel.: +54-11-6333-8000
Fax: +54-11-6333-8001
Australia
OSRAM Australia Pty. Ltd. Sydney
11th Floor, Building 1
423 Pennant Hills Road
2120 Pennant Hills, N.S.W.
P.O. Box 673
1715 Pennant Hills
Tel.: +61-29-4 81-83 99
Fax: +61-29-4 81-91 27
Austria
OSRAM GmbH
Lemböckgasse 49/C/5
1230 Wien
Postfach 1 62
1231 Wien
Tel.: +43-1-6 80 68-0
Fax: +43-1-6 80 68 -7
Azores
(supported by OSRAM Portugal)
Benelux
OSRAM Benelux B.V.
Klaverbaan 102
2908 KD Capelle a/d Ijssel
Netherlands
Tel.: NL +31-10-750 14 14
BE +32-78-55 08 20
Fax: NL +31-10-750 14 06
BE +32-78-55 08 28
Bosnia-Herzegovina
(supported by OSRAM Croatia)
Brazil
OSRAM do Brasil Lâmpadas Elétricas Ltda.
Av. Dos Autonomistas, 4229
06090-901 Osasco-SP/Brazil
Tel.: +55-11-36 84 74 08
Fax: +55-11-36 85 94 95
Bulgaria
OSRAM EOOD
Nikola Obreschkov 1
Wh. A., App. 1
1113 Sofia
Tel.: +359-2-9 71 22 62
Fax: +359-2-9 71 45 46
Canada
OSRAM SYLVANIA Ltd./Lte.
2001 Drew Road
Mississauga
Ontario L5S 1S4
Tel.: +1-905-6 73 61 71
Fax: +1-905-6 71 55 84
Chile
OSRAM Chile Ltda.
Santa Elena de Huechuraba
1135 B
Comunade Huechuraba
Santiago de Chile
Tel.: +56-2-7 40-09 39
Fax: +56-2-7 40-04 66
China
OSRAM China Lighting Ltd.
No.1 North Industrial Road,
Postal Code 528 000
Foshan, Guangdong
Tel.: +86-757-864 82-111
Fax: +86-757-864 82-222
OSRAM Shanghai Rep. Office
Harbour Ring Plaza
No. 18 Xi Zang Middle Road
Room 2802, 2803 A
Shanghai, 200001 P.R.C.
Tel.: +86-21-53 85 28 (48)
Fax: +86-21-64 82 12 19
Colombia
OSRAM de Colombia
Diagonal 109 No. 21-05
Oficina 607, 608
Bogotá
Tel.: +57-1-6 19 24 07
Fax: +57-1-6 37 18 55
Croatia
OSRAM d.o.o.
Majstora Radonje 10
10000 Zagreb
Tel.: +385-1-303-20 00
Fax: +385-1-303-20 01
Denmark
OSRAM A/S
Dybendalsvænget 3
2630 Tåstrup
Postboks 259
2630 Tåstrup
Tel.: +45-44-77 50-00
Fax: +45-44-77 50-55
Egypt
OSRAM Rep. Office Cairo
5th Floor, Unit No. 507
57 Giza Street
Cairo, Giza
Tel.: +20-2-7 48 66 46
Fax: +20-2-7 48 66 46
Ecuador
OSRAM del Ecuador S.A.
Casilla 09-01-8410
Guayaquil
Tel.: +593-4-2 89 36 09
Fax: +593-4-2 89 35 58
Japan
OSRAM MELCO Ltd.
Tobu Yokohama Bldg.No. 3 (4F)
8-29 Kita-Saiwai 2-chome, Nishi-Ku
220-0004 Yokohama
Tel.: +81-45-3 23 51-29-0
Fax: +81-45-3 23 51-55
OSRAM Ltd.
Tobu Yokohama Bldg.No. 3 (6F)
8-29 Kita-Saiwai 2-chome, Nishi-Ku
220-0004 Yokohama
Tel.: +81-45-3 23 51-00
Fax: +81-45-3 23 51-10
Korea
OSRAM Korea Co. Ltd.
3rd. Fl. Ye-Sung Bldg.
150-30 Samsung-dong, Kangnam-Ku
Seoul 135-090
Tel.: +82-2-5 54 41 12
Fax: +82-2-5 56 16 44
Latvia
(supported by OSRAM Finland)
Lithuania
(supported by OSRAM Finland)
Macedonia
(supported by OSRAM Greece)
Estonia
(supported by OSRAM Finland)
Madeira
(supported by OSRAM Portugal)
Finland
Oy OSRAM AB, Helsinki
Vanha Porvoontie 229
01380 Vantaa
Box 91
01301 Vantaa
Tel.: +358-9-74 22 33 00
Fax: +358-9-74 22 33 74
Malaysia
OSRAM Sdn Bhd
7.05-7.06 Amoda Building
22 Jalan Imbi
55100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel.: +60-3-21 45 95-33
Fax: +60-3-21 45 95-35
France
OSRAM SASU
5, Rue d’Altorf
67124 Molsheim
BP 1 09
67124 Molsheim
Tel.: +33-388-49 75 99
Fax: +33-388-49 75 975
Great Britain
OSRAM Ltd., London
OSRAM House
Waterside Drive
Langley, Berkshire
SL3 6EZ
Tel.: +44-17 53 48 4 (100)
Fax: +44-17 53 48 42 22
Greece
OSRAM A.E.
Frantzi 6 & Ag. Pavlou
12132 Peristeri
Tel.: +30-2 10-5 20 18 00
Fax: +30-2 10-5 22 72 00
Hong Kong
OSRAM Prosperity Co. Ltd.
Rm 4007-09 Office Tower
Convention Plaza
1 Harbour Road, Wanchai
Tel.: +852-25 11 22 68
Fax: +852-25 11 20 38
Hungary
OSRAM KFT.
Alkotas utca 41.
1123 Budapest
Tel.: +36-1-2 25-30 55
Fax: +36-1-2 25-30 54
India
OSRAM India Private Ltd.
Signature Towers, 11th Floor,
Tower-B South City-I
122001 Gurgaon Haryana/India
Tel.: +91-124-238 31-80
Fax: +91-124-238 31-82
Indonesia
PT. OSRAM Indonesia
Jalan Siliwangi KM 1
Desa Keroncong
Jatiuwung
15134 Tangerang
Tel.: +62-21-5 90 01 27
Fax: +62-21-5 90 05 59
Iran
OSRAM Lamps
OSRAM PJS Co.
Bokharest Ave, Str. 6, No. 13
Tehran
Tel.: +98-21-8 73 84 76
Fax: +98-21-8 73 24 13
Italy
OSRAM Società Riunite
OSRAM Edison-Clerici Spa
Via Savona 105
20144 Milano
Tel.: +39-02-42 49-1
Fax: +39-02-42 49-380
Mexico
OSRAM de México, S.A. de C.V.
Camino a Tepalcapa No. 8
Col. San Martin
54900 Tultitlán
Edo. de México
Tel.: +52-55-58 99-18 00
Fax: +52-55-58 84-70 00
Norway
OSRAM AS
Strandveien 50
1366 Lysaker
Tel.: +47-67 83 67-00
Fax: +47-67 83 67-40
Philippines
OSRAM Philippines Ltd. Corp.
Unit 2002–2003
Antel Global Corporate Center
Julia Vargas Avenue
Ortigas Center
Pasig City
Tel.: +632-687 60 48-50
Fax: +632-687 60 57
Poland
OSRAM sp. z o.o.
ul. Wiertnicza 117
02-952 Warszawa
Tel.: +48-22-550 23 00
Fax: +48-22-550 23 19
Portugal
OSRAM Empresa de
Aparelhagem Eléctrica Lda.
Rua do Alto do Montijo
Nr. 15-4 andar
2794-069 Carnaxide
Tel.: +351-2 14 16 58 60
Fax: +351-2 14 17 12 59
Romania
OSRAM Romania S.R.L.
Calea Plevnei nr. 139
corp B, sector 6
060011 Bucaresti
Tel.: +40-21-2077-386
Fax: +40-21-2077-389
Russia
OSRAM Moscow
Ul. Malaja Kaluschskaja 15/4
119071 Moscow
Tel.: +7-095-9 35 70-70
Fax: +7-095-9 35 70-76
Serbia and Montenegro
OSRAM d.o.o., Beograd
Cika Ljubina 15/V
YU -11000 Beograd
Tel: +381 (0)11-30 30-860
Fax: +381 (0)11-30 30-853
Singapore
OSRAM Pte. Ltd.
159 Sin Ming Road
#05-04 Amtech Building
575625 Singapore
Tel.: +65-65 52 01 10
Fax: +65-65 52 71 17
Slovakia
OSRAM Nové Zámky
Komárnanská cesta 7
94093 Nové Zámky
Tel.: +42-1-35 64 64-0
Fax: +42-1-35 64 64-880
Slovenia
(supported by OSRAM Austria)
South Africa
OSRAM (Pty.) Ltd.,
260, 15th Road
1683 Randjespark/Midrand
Private BAG X 206
1685 Halfway House/Midrand
Tel.: +27-11-2 07 56 00
Fax: +27-11-8 05 17 11
Spain
OSRAM, S.A.
Calle de la Solana, 47
28850 Torrejón de Ardoz (Madrid)
Tel.: +34-91-6 55 52 00
Fax: +34-91-6 56 82 16
Sweden
OSRAM AB
Rudanvägen 1
13625 Haninge
Box 5 04
13650 Haninge
Tel.: +46-8-7 07 44-00
Fax: +46-8-7 07 44-40
Switzerland
OSRAM AG, Winterthur
In der Au 6
8401 Winterthur/Töss
Postfach 2179
8401 Winterthur/Töss
Tel.: +41-52-2 09 91 91
Fax: +41-52-2 09 92 75
Taiwan
OSRAM Taiwan Company Ltd.
Sung Chiang Road, 7th Floor, No. 87
Sung Chiang Road
P.O. Box 46304
Taipei – Taiwan, R.O.C.
Tel.: +886-2-25 08 35 02
Fax: +886-2-25 09 67 82
Thailand
OSRAM Thailand Co. Ltd.
100/45, 24th Floor
Sathorn Nakorn Tower
North Sathorn Road
Khwaeng Silom
Khet Bangrak, Bangkok 10500
Tel.: +66-2-6 36 74 75
Fax: +66-2-6 36 74 77
Turkey
OSRAM AMPUL TIC. A.S.
Meclisi Mebusan Caddesi 125
80400 Findikli, Istanbul/TR
Tel.: +90-212-334-1334
Fax: +90-212-334-1142
Ukraine
OSRAM Ukraine
Podil Plasa Business Center
30-A Spaska Str., office 2-3B
Kiev 04070
Tel.: +38-044-467 66 67
Fax: +38-044-467 69 58
United Arab Emirates
OSRAM Middle East FZE
P.O. Box 17476
Room #602-603, LOB #16
Jebel Ali Free Zone
Dubai United Arab Emirates
Tel.: +971-4-88 13-767
Fax: +971-4-88 13-769
USA
OSRAM SYLVANIA INC.
100 Endicott Street
Danvers, MA 01923
Tel.: +1-978-777-19 00
Fax: +1-978-750-21 52
Vietnam
OSRAM Singapore Pte. Ltd.
Rep. Office Vietnam
59A Ly Thai To Street,
Hanoi Press Club
Hoan Kiem District
Hanoi
Tel.: +84-4-93 49-801
Fax: +84-4-93 49-803
Internet
http://www.osram.de
http://www.osram.com
http://catalog.myosram.com/DE
http://catalog.myosram.com/EN
Printed on paper treated with chlorine-free bleach.
International addresses
Czechia
OSRAM spol. s.r.o.
Kodanska 1441/46
100 10 Praha 10
Tel.: +420-234 06 60 00
Fax: +420-234 06 60 20
z
OSRAM GmbH
Hellabrunner Straße 1
81543 München
Tel.: +49-89-62 13-0
Fax: +49-89-62 13-20 20
130T015GB 05/05 PC-P Subject to change without notice. Errors and omissions excepted.
Head office Germany