ESAB Arc 201i Instruction manual

US
Caddy ®
Arc 151i, Arc 201i
Instruction manual
0460 446 187 US 110413
Valid for serial no. 927-xxx-xxxx
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USER RESPONSIBILITY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS - English . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PRECAUCION DE SEGURIDAD - Spanish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MESURES DE SECURITE - French . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DIRECTIVE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SAFETY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1
3.2
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Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Control panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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4 TECHNICAL DATA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5 INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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5.1 Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.2 Primary input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.2.1
Recommended fuse sizes and minimum cable area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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6 OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
PFC - Power factor correction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connections and control devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connection of welding and return cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overheating protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SMAW welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GTAW welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Remote control unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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7 MAINTENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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7.1
Inspection and cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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8 FAULT-TRACING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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8.1
Fault codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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9 ORDERING SPARE PARTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10 DISMANTLING AND SCRAPPING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ORDERING NUMBER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ACCESSORIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Rights reserved to alter specifications without notice.
TOCa
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Be sure this information reaches the operator.
You can get extra copies through your supplier.
These INSTRUCTIONS are for experienced operators. If you are not fully familiar with the
principles of operation and safe practices for arc welding equipment, we urge you to read
our booklet, “Precations and Safe Practices for Arc, Cutting and Gouging, “Form 52-529.
Do NOT permit untrained persons to install, operate, or maintain this equipment. Do NOT
attempt to install or operate this equipment until you have read and fully understand these
instructions. If you do not fully understand these instructions, contact your supplier for
further information. Be sure to read the Safety Precautions before installing or operating
this equipment.
1
USER RESPONSIBILITY
This equipment will perform in conformity with the description thereof contained in this manual and
accompanying labels and/or insert when installed, operated, maintained and repaired in accordance
with the instruction provided. This equipment must be checked periodically. Malfunctioning or poorly
maintained equipment should not be used. Parts that are broken, missing, worn, distorted or
contaminated should be replaced immediately. Should such repair or replacement become necessary,
the manufacturer recommends that a telephone or written request for service advice be made to the
Authorized Distributor from whom it was purchased.
This equipment or any of its parts should not be altered without the prior written approval of the
manufacturer. The user of this equipment shall have the sole responsibility for any malfunction which
results from improper use, faulty maintenance, damage improper repair or alteration by anyone other
than the manufacturer or a service facility designated by the manufacturer.
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SAFETY PRECAUTIONS - English
WARNING: These Safety Precautions are for your protection. They summarize precautionary
information from the references listed in Additional Safety Information section. Before performing any
installation or operating procedures, be sure to read and follow the safety precautions listed below as
well as all other manuals, material safety data sheets, labels, etc. Failure to observe Safety
Precautions can result in injury or death.
PROTECT YOURSELF AND OTHERS
Some welding, cutting and gouging precesses are noisy and require ear
protection. The arc, like the sun, emits ultraviolet (UV) and other radiation
and can injure skin and eyes. Hot metal can cause burns. Training in the
proper use of the processes and equipment is essential to prevent accidents.
Therefore:
1. Always wear safety glasses with side shields in any work area, even if welding helmets face
shields and goggles are also required.
2. Use a face shield fitted with the correct filter and cover plates to protect your eyes, face, neck
and ears from sparks and rays of the arc when operating or observing operations. Warn
bystanders not to watch the arc and not to expose themselves to the rays of the electric-arc or
hot metal.
3. Wear flameproof gauntlet type gloves, heavy long-sleeve shirt, cuffless trousers, high-topped
shoes and a welding helmet or cap for protection, to protect against arc rays and hot sparks or
hot metal. A flameproof apron may also be desirable as protection against radiated heat and
sparks.
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4. Hot sparks or metal can lodge in rolled up sleeves, trouser cuffs, or pockets. Sleeves and collars
should be kept buttoned and open pockets eliminated from the front of clothing.
5. Protect other personnel from arc rays and hot sparks with a suitable nonflammable partition or
curtains.
6. Use goggles over safety glasses when chipping slag or grinding. Chipped slag may be hot and
can fly far. Bystanders should also wear goggles over safety glasses.
FIRES AND EXPLOSIONS
Heat from flames and arcs can start fires. Hot slag or sparks can also cause
fires and explosions. Therefore:
1. Remove all combustible materials well away from the work area or cover the materials with a
protective nonflammable covering. Combusible materials include wood, clot, sawdust, liquid and
gas fuels, solvents, pants and coatings papper, etc.
2. Hot sparks or hot metal can fall through cracks or crevices in floors or wall openings and cause a
hidden smoldering fire or fires on the floor below. Make certain that such openings are protected
from hot sparks and metal.
3. Do not weld, cut or perform other hot work until the workpiece has been completely cleaned so
that there are no substances on the workpiece which might produce flammable or toxic vapors.
Do not do hot work on closed containers. They may explode.
4. Have fire extinguishing equipment handy for instant use, such as a garden hose, water pail, sand
bucket, or portable fire extinguisher. Be sure you are trained in its use.
5. Do not use equipment beyond its ratings. For example, overloaded welding cable can overheat
and create a fire hazard.
6. After completing operations, inspect the work area to make certain there are no hot sparks or hot
metal which could cause a later fire. Use fire watchers when necessary.
7. For additional information refer to NFPA Standard 51B, “Fire Prevention in Use of Cutting and
Welding Processes”, available from the National Fire Protection Association, Batterymarch Park,
Quincy, MA 02269.
ELECTRICAL SHOCK
Contact with live electrical parts and ground can cause severe injury or
death. DO NOT use AC welding current in damp areas, if movement is
confined, or if there is danger of falling. Therefore:
1. Be sure the power source frame (chassis) is connected to the ground system of the input power.
2. Connect the workpiece to a good electrical ground.
3. Connect the work cable to the workpiece. A poor or missing connection can expose you or others
to a fatal shock.
4. Use well-maintained equipment. Replace worn or damaged cables.
5. Keep everything dry, including clothing, work area, cables, torch/electrode holder and power
source.
6. Make sure that all parts of your bady are insulated from work and from ground.
7. Do not stand directly on metal or the earth while working in tight quarters or a damp area; stand
on dry boards or an insulating platform and wear rubber-soled shoes.
8. Put on dry, hole-free gloves before turning on the power.
9. Turn off the power before removing your gloves.
10. Refer to ANSI/ASC Standard Z49.1 (listed on next page) for specific grounding
recommendations. Do not mistake the work lead for a ground cable.
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ELECTRIC AND MAGNETIC FIELDS
May be dangerous. Electric current flowing through any conductor causes
localized Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMF). Welding and cutting current
creates EMF around welding cables and welding machines.
Therefore:
1. Welders having pacemakers should consult their physician before welding. EMF may interfere
with some pacemakers.
2. Exposure to EMF may have other health effects which are unknown.
3. Welders should use the following procedures to minimize exposure to EMF:
a. Route the electrode and work cables together. Secure them with tape when possible.
b. Never coil the torch or work cable around your body.
c. Do not place your body between the torch and work cables. Route cables on the same side
of your body.
d. Connect the work cable to the workpiece as close as possible to the area being welded.
e. Keep welding power source and cables as far away from your body as possible.
FUMES AND GASES
Fumes and gases, can cause discomfort or harm, particularly in confined
spaces. Do not breathe fumes and gases. Shielding gases can cause
asphyxiation.
Therfore:
1. Always provide adequate ventilation in the work area by natural or mechanical means. Do not
weld, cut or gouge on materials such as galvanized steel, stainless steel, cooper, zinc, lead
beryllium or cadmium unless positive mechanical ventilation is provided. Do not breathe fumes
from these materials.
2. Do not operate near degreasing and spraying operations. The heat or arc can react with
chlorinated hydrocarbon vapors to form phosgene, a highly toxic gas and other irritant gases.
3. If you develop momentary eye, nose or throat irritation while operating, this is an indication that
ventilation is not adequate. Stop work and take necessary steps to improve ventilation in the work
area. Do not continue to operate if physical discomfort persists.
4. Refer to ANSI/ASC Standard Z49.1 (see listing below) for specific ventilation recommendations.
5. WARNING: This product when used for welding or cutting, produces fumes or gases which
contain chemicals known to the State of Californa to cause birth defects and in some cases
cancer (California Health & Safety Code §25249.5 et seq.)
CYLINDER HANDLING
Cylinders, if mishandled, can rupture and violently release gas. Sudden
rupture of cylinder valve or relief device can injure or kill.
Therefore:
1. Use the proper gas for the process and use the proper pressure reducing regulator designed to
operate from the compressed gas cylinder. Do not use adaptors. Maintain hoses and fittings in
good condition. Follow manufacturer's operating instructions for mounting regulator to a
compressed gas cylinder.
2. Always secure cylinders in an upright position by chain or strap to suitable hand trucks,
undercarriages, benches, wall, post or racks. Never secure cylinders to work tables or fixtures
where they may become part of an electrical circuit.
3. When not in use, keep cylinder valves closed. Have valve protection cap in place if regulator is
not connected. Secure and move cylinders by using suitable hand trucks.
4. Locate cylinders away from heat, sparks and flames. Never strike an arc on a cylinder.
5. For additional information, refer to CGA Standard P-1, “Precations for Safe Handling of
Comporessed Gases in Cylinders”, which is available from Compressed Gas Association, 1235
Jefferson Davis Highway, Arlington, VA 22202.
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EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE
Faulty or improperly maintained equipment can cause injury or death. Therefore:
1. Always have qualified personnel perform the installaion, troubleshooting and maintenance work.
Do not perform any electrical work unless you are qualified to perform such work.
2. Before performing any maintenance work inside a power source, disconnect the power source
from the incoming electrical power.
3. Maintain cables, grounding wire, connections, power cord and power supply in safe working
order. Do not operate any equipment in faulty condition.
4. Do not abuse any equipment or accessories. Keep equipment away from heat sources such as
furnaces, wet conditions such as water puddles, oil or grease, corrosive atmospheres and
inclement weather.
5. Keep all safety devices and cabinet covers in position and in good repair.
6. Use equipment only for its intended purpose. Do not modify it in any manner.
ADDITIONAL SAFETY INFORMATION
For more information on safe practices for electric arc welding and cutting equipment,
ask your supplier for a copy of “Precautions and Safe Practices for Arc Welding,
Cutting and Gouging”, Form 52-529.
The following publications, which are available from the American Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJuene
Road, Miami, FL 33126, are recommended to you:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
ANSI/ASC Z49.1 - “Safety in Welding and Cutting”
AWS C5.1 . “Recommended Practices for Plasma Arc Welding”
AWS C5.2 - “Recommended Practices for Plasma Arc Cutting“
AWS C5.3 - “Recommended Practices for Air Carbon, Arc Gouging and Cutting”
AWS C5.5 - “Recommended Practices for Gas Tungsten Arc Welding”
AWS C5.6 - “Recommended Practices for Gas Metal Arc welding”
AWS SP - “Safe practices” - Reprint, Welding Handbook
ANSI/AWS F4.1 - “Recommended Safe Practices for Welding and Cutting of Containers That
Have Held Hazardous Substances”
MEANING OF SYMBOLS
As used throughout this manual: Means Attention! Be Alert!
Means immediate hazards which, if not avoided, will result in
immediate, serious personal injury or loss of life.
Means potential hazards which could result in personal injury or loss
of life.
Means hazards which could result in minor personal injury.
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PRECAUCION DE SEGURIDAD - Spanish
ADVERTENCIA: Estas Precauciones de Seguridad son para su protección. Ellas hacen
resumen de información proveniente de las referencias listadas en la sección ”Información Adicional
Sobre La Seguridad”. Antes de hacer cualquier instalación o procedimiento de operación, asegúrese
de leer y seguir las precauciones de seguridad listadas a continuación así como también todo manual,
hoja de datos de seguridad del material, calcomanias, etc. El no observar las Precauciones de
Seguridad puede resultar en daño a la persona o muerte.
PROTEJASE USTED Y A LOS DEMAS
Algunos procesos de soldadura, corte y ranurado son ruidosos y requiren
protección para los oídos. El arco, como el sol , emite rayos ultravioleta (UV)
y otras radiaciones que pueden dañar la piel y los ojos. El metal caliente
causa quemaduras. EL entrenamiento en el uso propio de los equipos y sus
procesos es esencial para prevenir accidentes.
Por lo tanto:
1. Utilice gafas de seguridad con protección a los lados siempre que esté en el área de trabajo, aún
cuando esté usando careta de soldar, protector para su cara u otro tipo de protección.
2. Use una careta que tenga el filtro correcto y lente para proteger sus ojos, cara, cuello, y oídos de
las chispas y rayos del arco cuando se esté operando y observando las operaciones. Alerte a
todas las personas cercanas de no mirar el arco y no exponerse a los rayos del arco eléctrico o
el metal fundido.
3. Use guantes de cuero a prueba de fuego, camisa pesada de mangas largas, pantalón de ruedo
liso, zapato alto al tobillo, y careta de soldar con capucha para el pelo, para proteger el cuerpo
de los rayos y chispas calientes provenientes del metal fundido. En ocaciones un delantal a
prueba de fuego es necesario para protegerse del calor radiado y las chispas.
4. Chispas y partículas de metal caliente puede alojarse en las mangas enrolladas de la camisa, el
ruedo del pantalón o los bolsillos. Mangas y cuellos deberán mantenerse abotonados, bolsillos al
frente de la camisa deberán ser cerrados o eliminados.
5. Proteja a otras personas de los rayos del arco y chispas calientes con una cortina adecuada
no-flamable como división.
6. Use careta protectora además de sus gafas de seguridad cuando esté removiendo escoria o
puliendo. La escoria puede estar caliente y desprenderse con velocidad. Personas cercanas
deberán usar gafas de seguridad y careta protectora.
FUEGO Y EXPLOSIONES
El calor de las flamas y el arco pueden ocacionar fuegos. Escoria caliente y
las chispas pueden causar fuegos y explosiones.
Por lo tanto:
1. Remueva todo material combustible lejos del área de trabajo o cubra los materiales con una
cobija a prueba de fuego. Materiales combustibles incluyen madera, ropa, líquidos y gases
flamables, solventes, pinturas, papel, etc.
2. Chispas y partículas de metal pueden introducirse en las grietas y agujeros de pisos y paredes
causando fuegos escondidos en otros niveles o espacios. Asegúrese de que toda grieta y
agujero esté cubierto para proteger lugares adyacentes contra fuegos.
3. No corte, suelde o haga cualquier otro trabajo relacionado hasta que la pieza de trabajo esté
totalmente limpia y libre de substancias que puedan producir gases inflamables o vapores
tóxicos. No trabaje dentro o fuera de contenedores o tanques cerrados. Estos pueden explotar si
contienen vapores inflamables.
4. Tenga siempre a la mano equipo extintor de fuego para uso instantáneo, como por ejemplo una
manguera con agua, cubeta con agua, cubeta con arena, o extintor portátil. Asegúrese que usted
esta entrenado para su uso.
5. No use el equipo fuera de su rango de operación. Por ejemplo, el calor causado por cable
sobrecarga en los cables de soldar pueden ocasionar un fuego.
6. Después de termirar la operación del equipo, inspeccione el área de trabajo para cerciorarse de
que las chispas o metal caliente ocasionen un fuego más tarde. Tenga personal asignado para
vigilar si es necesario.
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7. Para información adicional , haga referencia a la publicación NFPA Standard 51B, “Fire
Prevention in Use of Cutting and Welding Processes”, available from the National Fire Protection
Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269.
CHOQUE ELECTRICO
El contacto con las partes eléctricas energizadas y tierra puede causar daño
severo o muerte. NO use soldadura de corriente alterna (AC) en áreas
húmedas, de movimiento confinado en lugares estrechos o si hay posibilidad
de caer al suelo.
Por lo tanto:
1. Asegúrese de que el chasis de la fuente de poder esté conectado a tierra através del sistema de
electricidad primario.
2. Conecte la pieza de trabajo a un buen sistema de tierra física.
3. Conecte el cable de retorno a la pieza de trabajo. Cables y conductores expuestos o con malas
conexiones pueden exponer al operador u otras personas a un choque eléctrico fatal.
4. Use el equipo solamente si está en buenas condiciones. Reemplaze cables rotos, dañados o con
conductores expuestos.
5. Mantenga todo seco, incluyendo su ropa, el área de trabajo, los cables, antorchas, pinza del
electrodo, y la fuente de poder.
6. Asegúrese que todas las partes de su cuerpo están insuladas de ambos, la pieza de trabajo y
tierra.
7. No se pare directamente sobre metal o tierra mientras trabaja en lugares estrechos o áreas
húmedas; trabaje sobre un pedazo de madera seco o una plataforma insulada y use zapatos con
suela de goma.
8. Use guantes secos y sin agujeros antes de energizar el equipo.
9. Apage el equipo antes de quitarse sus guantes.
10. RUse como referencia la publicación ANSI/ASC Standard Z49.1 (listado en la próxima página)
para recomendaciones específicas de como conectar el equipo a tierra. No confunda el cable de
soldar a la pieza de trabajo con el cable a tierra.
CAMPOS ELECTRICOS Y MAGNETICOS
Son peligrosos. La corriente eléctrica fluye através de cualquier conductor
causando a nivel local Campos Eléctricos y Magnéticos (EMF). Las
corrientes en el área de corte y soldadura, crean EMF alrrededor de los
cables de soldar y las maquinas.
Por lo tanto:
1. Soldadores u Operadores que use marca-pasos para el corazón deberán consultar a su médico
antes de soldar. El Campo Electromagnético (EMF) puede interferir con algunos marcapasos.
2. Exponerse a campos electromagnéticos (EMF) puede causar otros efectos de salud aún
desconocidos.
3. Los soldadores deberán usar los siguientes procedimientos para minimizar exponerse al EMF:
a. Mantenga el electrodo y el cable a la pieza de trabajo juntos, hasta llegar a la pieza que
usted quiere soldar. Asegúrelos uno junto al otro con cinta adhesiva cuando sea posible.
b. Nunca envuelva los cables de soldar alrededor de su cuerpo.
c. Nunca ubique su cuerpo entre la antorcha y el cable, a la pieza de trabajo. Mantega los
cables a un sólo lado de su cuerpo.
d. Conecte el cable de trabajo a la pieza de trabajo lo más cercano posible al área de la
soldadura.
e. Mantenga la fuente de poder y los cables de soldar lo más lejos posible de su cuerpo.
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HUMO Y GASES
El humo y los gases, pueden causar malestar o daño, particularmente en
espacios sin ventilación. No inhale el humo o gases. El gas de protección
puede causar falta de oxígeno.
Por lo tanto:
1. Siempre provea ventilación adecuada en el área de trabajo por medio natural o mecánico. No
solde, corte, o trabajo por medio natural o mecánico. No solde, corte, o ranure materiales con
hierro galvanizado, acero inoxidable, cobre, zinc, plomo, berílio, o cadmio a menos que provea
ventilación mecánica positiva. No respire los gases producidos por estos materiales.
2. No opere cerca de lugares donde se aplique substancias químicas en aerosol. El calor de los
rayos del arco pueden reaccionar con los vapores de hidrocarburo clorinado para formar un
fosfógeno, o gas tóxico, y otros irritant es.
3. Si momentáneamente desarrolla inrritación de ojos, nariz o garganta mientras est á operando,
es indicación de que la ventilación no es apropiada. Pare de trabajar y tome las medidas
necesarias para mejorar la ventilación en el área de trabajo. No continúe operando si el
malestar físico persiste.
4. Haga referencia a la publicación ANSI/ASC Standard Z49.1 (Vea la lista a continuación) para
recomendaciones específicas en la ventilación.
5. ADVERTENCIA-Este producto cuando se utiliza para soldaduras o cortes, produce humos o
gases, los cuales contienen químicos conocidos por el Estado de California de causar defectos
en el nacimiento, o en algunos casos, Cancer. (California Health & Safety Code §25249.5 et
seq.)
MANEJO DE CILINDROS
Los cilindros, si no son manejados correctamente, pueden romperse y liberar
violentamente gases. Rotura repentina del cilindro, válvula, o válvula de
escape puede causar daño o muerte.
Por lo tanto:
1. Utilize el gas apropiado para el proceso y utilize un regulador diseñado para operar y reducir la
presión del cilindro de gas. No utilice adaptadores. Mantenga las mangueras y las conexiones en
buenas condiciones. Observe las instrucciones de operación del manufacturero para montar el
regulador en el cilindro de gas comprimido.
2. Asegure siempre los cilindros en posición vertical y amárrelos con una correa o cadena
adecuada para asegurar el cilindro al carro, transportes, tablilleros, paredes, postes, o armazón.
Nunca asegure los cilindros a la mesa de trabajo o las piezas que son parte del circuito de
soldadura. Este puede ser parte del circuito elélectrico.
3. Cuando el cilindro no está en uso, mantenga la válvula del cilindro cerrada. Ponga el capote de
protección sobre la válvula si el regulador no está conectado. Asegure y mueva los cilindros
utilizando un carro o transporte adecuado. Evite el manejo brusco de los
4. Localize los cilindros lejos del calor, chispas, y flamas. Nunca establezca un arco en el cilindro.
5. Para información adicional, haga referncia a la publicación CGA Standard P-1, “Precations for
Safe Handling of Comporessed Gases in Cylinders”, disponible através del Compressed Gas
Association, 1235 Jefferson Davis Highway, Arlington, VA 22202.
MANTENIMIENTO DEL EQUIPO
Equipo defectuoso o mal mantenido puede causar daño o muerte.
Por lo tanto:
1. Siempre tenga personal cualificado para efectuar la instalación, diagnóstico, y mantenimiento del
equipo. No ejecute ningún trabajo eléctrico a menos que usted esté cualificado para hacer el
trabajo.
2. Antes de dar mantenimiento en el interior de la fuente de poder, desconecte la fuente de poder
del suministro de electricidad primaria.
3. Mantenga los cables, cable a tierra, conexciones, cable primario, y cualquier otra fuente de poder
en buen estado operacional. No opere ningún equipo en malas condiciones.
4. No abuse del equipo y sus accesorios. Mantenga el equipo lejos de cosas que generen calor
como hornos, también lugares húmedos como charcos de agua, aceite o grasa, atmósferas
corrosivas y las inclemencias del tiempo.
5. Mantenga todos los artículos de seguridad y coverturas del equipo en su posición y en buenas
condiciones.
-9US warnings
US
6. Use el equipo sólo para el propósito que fue diseñado. No modifique el equipo en ninguna
manera.
INFORMACION ADICIONAL DE SEGURIDAD
Para más información sobre las prácticas de seguridad de los equipos de arco eléctrico
para soldar y cortar, pregunte a su suplidor por una copia de “Precautions and Safe
Practices for Arc Welding, Cutting and Gouging”, Form 52-529.
Las siguientes publicaciones, disponibles através de la American Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJuene
Road, Miami, FL 33126, son recomendadas para usted:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
ANSI/ASC Z49.1 - “Safety in Welding and Cutting”
AWS C5.1 . “Recommended Practices for Plasma Arc Welding”
AWS C5.2 - “Recommended Practices for Plasma Arc Cutting“
AWS C5.3 - “Recommended Practices for Air Carbon, Arc Gouging and Cutting”
AWS C5.5 - “Recommended Practices for Gas Tungsten Arc Welding”
AWS C5.6 - “Recommended Practices for Gas Metal Arc welding”
AWS SP - “Safe practices” - Reprint, Welding Handbook
ANSI/AWS F4.1 - “Recommended Safe Practices for Welding and Cutting of Containers That
Have Held Hazardous Substances”
SIGNIFICADO DE LOS SIMBOLOS
Según usted avanza en la lectura de este folleto: Los Símbolos Significan ¡Atención!
¡Esté Alerta! Se trata de su seguridad.
Significa riesgo inmediato que, de no ser evadido, puede resultar
inmediatamente en serio daño personal o la muerte.
Significa el riesgo de un peligro potencial que puede resultar en serio
daño personal o la muerte.
Significa el posible riesgo que puede resultar en menores daños a la
persona.
- 10 US warnings
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4
MESURES DE SECURITE - French
ATTENTION : ces règles de sécurité ont pour objet d'assurer votre protection. Elles constituent
une synthèse des mesures de sécurité contenues dans les ouvrages de référence repris au chapitre
Informations complémentaires relatives à la Sécurité. Avant toute installation ou utilisation du matériel,
veillez à lire et à respecter les règles de sécurité énoncées ci-dessous ainsi que dans les divers
manuels, fiches de sécurité du matériel, étiquettes, etc. Le non-respect de ces précautions risque
d'entraîner des blessures graves ou mortelles.
PROTECTION INDIVIDUELLE ET DE L'ENTOURAGE
Certains procédés de soudage, découpage et gougeage sont bruyants et
requièrent le port de protections auditives. L'arc, tout comme le soleil, émet
des ultraviolets (UV) et d'autres rayonnements susceptibles de provoquer des
lésions oculaires et dermatologiques. Le métal chaud peut être à l'origine de
brûlures. Une formation à l'utilisation correcte des procédés et équipements
est essentielle pour prévenir les accidents. En conséquence :
1. Porter impérativement des lunettes avec écrans latéraux dans les zones de travail, même
lorsque le port du casque de soudage, de l'écran facial et des lunettes de protection est
obligatoire
2. Tant pour exécuter les travaux que pour y assister, porter un écran facial muni de plaques
protectrices et de verres filtrants appropriés pour protéger les yeux, le visage, le cou et les
oreilles des étincelles et du rayonnement de l'arc. Avertir les personnes se trouvant à proximité
qu'elles ne doivent pas regarder l'arc, ni s'exposer à son rayonnement ou à celui du métal
incandescent.
3. Porter des gants ignifuges à crispins, une tunique épaisse à longues manches, des pantalons
sans rebord, des chaussures à embout d'acier et un casque de soudage ou une casquette pour
se protéger du rayonnement de l'arc, des étincelles et du métal incandescent. Le port d'un tablier
ininflammable est également recommandé afin de se protéger des étincelles et du rayonnement
thermique.
4. Les étincelles ou projections de métal en fusion risquent de se loger dans les manches
retroussées, les bords relevés de pantalons ou dans les poches. Il convient donc de boutonner
complètement les manches et le col, et de porter des vêtements sans poches à l'avant.
5. Protéger du rayonnement de l'arc et des étincelles les personnes se trouvant à proximité à l'aide
d'un écran ou d'un rideau ininflammable approprié.
6. Porter des oculaires et des lunettes de protection pendant le meulage du laitier. Les particules
meulées, souvent brûlantes, peuvent être projetées à des distances importantes, de sorte que
les personnes se trouvant à proximité doivent également porter des lunettes de protection.
INCENDIES ET EXPLOSIONS
La chaleur dégagée par les flammes et les arcs peuvent être à l'origine
d'incendies. Le laitier incandescent et les étincelles peuvent également
provoquer incendies et explosions. En conséquence :
1. Éloigner suffisamment tous les matériaux combustibles de la zone de travail ou les recouvrir
complètement d'une bâche ignifuge. Ce type de matériaux comprend le bois, les vêtements, la
sciure, les carburants sous forme liquide et gazeuse, les peintures, les enduits, le papier, etc.
2. Les étincelles ou projections de métal en fusion peuvent tomber dans les fissures du sol ou des
murs et déclencher une combustion lente dans les planchers ou à l'étage inférieur. Veiller à
protéger ces ouvertures pour que les étincelles et projections n'y pénètrent pas.
3. Ne pas procéder à des travaux de soudage, de découpage et autres travaux à chaud tant que la
surface n'est pas complètement nettoyée et débarrassée des substances susceptibles de
produire des vapeurs inflammables ou toxiques. Ne pas effectuer de travaux à chaud sur des
conteneurs fermés pour éviter tout risque d'explosion.
4. Conserver à portée de main un équipement d'extinction – tuyau d'arrosage, seau d'eau ou de
sable, extincteur portatif, etc. et s'assurer d'en connaître l'utilisation.
5. Ne pas utiliser l'équipement au-delà de ses spécifications. Par exemple, un câble de soudage
surchargé est susceptible de surchauffer et d'être à l'origine d'un incendie.
- 11 US warnings
US
6. Une fois le travail terminé, inspecter la zone de travail pour s'assurer qu'aucune étincelle ou
projection de métal ne risque de déclencher un incendie. Le cas échéant, utiliser des systèmes
de détection d'incendie.
7. Pour toute information supplémentaire, voir la norme NFPA 51B relative à la prévention des
incendies lors de travaux de découpage et de soudage, disponible auprès de la National Fire
Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269 – USA.
CHOC ELECTRIQUE
Tout contact avec des éléments sous tension et la masse peut provoquer des
blessures graves ou mortelles. NE PAS utiliser de courant de soudage CA
dans des zones humides, des lieux exigus ou lorsqu'il existe un risque de
chute. En conséquence :
1. Vérifier que le châssis du générateur est bien relié au dispositif de mise à la masse de
l'alimentation.
2. Assurer une mise à la masse correcte de la pièce à souder.
3. Connecter le câble de soudage à la pièce à souder. Un raccordement médiocre ou inexistant
constitue un risque mortel pour l'utilisateur et son entourage.
4. Utiliser du matériel correctement entretenu. Remplacer les câbles usés ou endommagés.
5. Empêcher l'apparition de toute humidité, notamment sur les vêtements, dans la zone de travail,
sur les câbles, la torche de soudage, le porte-électrode et le générateur.
6. S'assurer que le corps est totalement isolé de la pièce à souder et de la masse.
7. Éviter tout contact direct avec du métal ou la masse lors de travaux dans des endroits exigus et
en zone humide ; se tenir sur des panneaux ou sur une plate-forme isolante et porter des
chaussures à semelles en caoutchouc.
8. Enfiler des gants secs et sans trous avant de mettre l'équipement sous tension.
9. Mettre l'équipement hors tension avant de retirer les gants.
10. Voir la norme ANSI/ASC Z49.1 (voir page suivante) pour les recommandations de mise à la
masse. Ne pas confondre le câble de soudage et le câble de masse.
CHAMPS ELECTRIQUES ET MAGNETIQUES
Danger. Le courant électrique parcourant les conducteurs génère localement
des champs électriques et magnétiques (EMF). Le courant de soudage et de
découpe crée des EMF autour des câbles de soudage et des postes à souder.
En conséquence :
1. Les porteurs de stimulateurs cardiaques consulteront leur médecin avant d'effectuer des travaux
de soudage. Les EMF peuvent en effet provoquer des interférences.
2. L'exposition aux EMF peut également avoir des effets méconnus sur la santé.
3. Les soudeurs respecteront les procédures suivantes pour réduire l'exposition aux EMF :
a. Rassembler en faisceau les câbles de soudage et d'électrode. Si possible, les attacher avec
du ruban adhésif.
b. Ne jamais enrouler le câble de la torche ou le câble de soudage autour du corps.
c. L'utilisateur ne doit jamais se trouver entre le câble de la torche et le câble de soudage.
Faire passer tous les câbles du même côté du corps.
d. Connecter le câble de soudage à la pièce à souder, au plus près de l'endroit du soudage.
e. S'éloigner au maximum du générateur et des câbles.
- 12 US warnings
US
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
FUMEES ET GAZ
L'inhalation des fumées et gaz peut provoquer des malaises et des
dommages corporels, surtout lors de travaux dans les espaces confinés. Ne
pas les respirer. Les gaz inertes peuvent causer l'asphyxie.
En conséquence :
Assurer une aération adéquate de la zone de travail par une ventilation naturelle ou mécanique.
Ne pas effectuer de travaux de soudage, découpage ou gougeage sur des matériaux tels que
l'acier galvanisé, le cuivre, le zinc, le plomb, le béryllium et le cadmium en l'absence d'une
ventilation mécanique adéquate. Ne pas inhaler les fumées dégagées par ces matériaux.
Ne pas travailler à proximité d'opérations de dégraissage et de pulvérisation étant donné que la
chaleur dégagée et l'arc peut réagir avec les hydrocarbures chlorés pour former du phosgène –
un gaz particulièrement toxique – et d'autres gaz irritants.
Une irritation momentanée des yeux, du nez ou de la gorge provoquée par les travaux est le
signe d'une ventilation inappropriée. Dans ce cas, il convient d'arrêter le travail et de prendre les
mesures nécessaires pour améliorer l'aération. Ne pas poursuivre le travail si le malaise persiste.
Voir la norme ANSI/ASC Z49.1 (voir ci-dessous) pour les recommandations de ventilation.
ATTENTION : utilisé dans des opérations de soudage et de découpage, ce produit dégage des
fumées et gaz qui contiennent des substances chimiques reconnues par l'État de Californie
comme pouvant être à l'origine de malformations congénitales et de cancers (California Health &
Safety Code §25249.5 et seq.).
MANIPULATION DES BOUTEILLES DE GAZ
Une erreur de manutention des bouteilles de gaz peut les endommager et
entraîner une libération violente du gaz. La rupture soudaine de la soupape
ou du détendeur peut provoquer des blessures graves ou mortelles.
En conséquence :
Utiliser le gaz approprié à la pression adéquate, celle-ci étant réglée par un détendeur adapté au
type de bouteille utilisée. Ne pas utiliser d'adaptateurs. Garder les tuyaux et accessoires en bon
état. Pour le montage du détendeur sur une bouteille de gaz comprimé, suivre les instructions du
fabricant.
Fixer les bouteilles verticalement – au moyen d'une chaîne ou d'une sangle – à un chariot à bras,
un châssis de roulement, un banc, un mur, un piquet ou un rack. Ne jamais attacher les
bouteilles aux établis et éléments susceptibles de les intégrer à un circuit électrique.
Conserver les bouteilles fermées lorsqu'elles ne sont pas utilisées. Les fermer par un bouchon
lorsqu'elles ne sont pas raccordées. Attacher et déplacer les bouteilles à l'aide de chariots
adéquats.
Éloigner les bouteilles des sources de chaleur, d'étincelles et de flammes nues. Ne jamais
déclencher d'arc sur une bouteille de gaz.
Pour plus d'informations sur les précautions d'utilisation des bouteilles de gaz comprimé, voir la
norme CGA P-1, disponible auprès de la Compressed Gas Association, 1235 Jefferson Davis
Highway, Arlington, VA 22202 – USA.
ENTRETIEN DE L'EQUIPEMENT
Un équipement mal entretenu peut provoquer des blessures graves ou mortelles. En
conséquence :
Confier l'installation, les dépannages et l'entretien à du personnel qualifié. Ne pas effectuer de
travaux électriques si vous ne possédez pas les compétences requises.
Mettre l'équipement hors tension avant toute intervention d'entretien sur le générateur.
Maintenir en bon état de fonctionnement les câbles, câbles de masse, connexions, cordons
d'alimentation et générateurs. Ne jamais utiliser d'équipements défectueux.
Ne jamais surcharger les équipements et accessoires. Conserver les équipements à l'écart des
sources de chaleur – notamment des fours –, des flaques d'eau, des traces d'huile ou de graisse,
des atmosphères corrosives et des intempéries.
Laisser en place tous les dispositifs de sécurité et tous les panneaux du tableau de commande
en veillant à les garder en bon état.
Utiliser l'équipement conformément à l'usage prévu ; n'y apporter aucune modification
quelconque.
- 13 US warnings
US
INFORMATIONS COMPLEMENTAIRES RELATIVES A LA SECURITE Pour plus
d'informations relatives aux règles de sécurité pour les travaux de gougeage, de
découpage et de soudage à l'arc électrique, demander au fournisseur une copie du
formulaire 52/529.
L'American Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJuene Road, Miami, FL 33126 – USA, publie les documents
suivants dont la lecture est également recommandée :
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
ANSI/ASC Z49.1 - ”Safety in Welding and Cutting”
AWS C5.1 . ”Recommended Practices for Plasma Arc Welding”
AWS C5.2 - ”Recommended Practices for Plasma Arc Cutting”
AWS C5.3 - ”Recommended Practices for Air Carbon, Arc Gouging and Cutting”
AWS C5.5 - ”Recommended Practices for Gas Tungsten Arc Welding”
AWS C5.6 - ”Recommended Practices for Gas Metal Arc welding”
AWS SP - ”Safe practices” - Réédition, Manuel de soudage
ANSI/AWS F4.1 - ”Recommended Safe Practices for Welding and Cutting of Containers That
Have Held Hazardous Substances”
SYMBOLES
Signification des symboles utilisés dans ce manuel : = Attention ! Rester prudent !
= danger immédiat ; risque de blessures graves ou mortelles.
= danger potentiel ; risque de blessures graves ou mortelles.
= danger ; risque de blessures légères.
- 14 US warnings
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1
DIRECTIVE
DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
ESAB AB, Welding Equipment, SE-695 81 Laxå, Sweden, gives its unreserved guarantee that weld­
ing power source Arc 151i, Arc 201i from serial number 803 are constructed and tested in compliance
with the standard EN 60974-1 and EN 60974-10 (Class A) in accordance with the requirements of
directive (2006/95/EC) and (2004/108/EEC).
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Laxå 2008-01-25
Kent Eimbrodt
Global Director
Equipment and Automation
2
SAFETY
Users of ESAB welding equipment have the ultimate responsibility for ensuring that anyone who
works on or near the equipment observes all the relevant safety precautions. Safety precautions
must meet the requirements that apply to this type of welding equipment. The following recommen­
dations should be observed in addition to the standard regulations that apply to the workplace.
All work must be carried out by trained personnel well-acquainted with the operation of the welding
equipment. Incorrect operation of the equipment may lead to hazardous situations which can result
in injury to the operator and damage to the equipment.
1.
Anyone who uses the welding equipment must be familiar with:
its operation
location of emergency stops
its function
relevant safety precautions
welding
2.
The operator must ensure that:
no unauthorized person is stationed within the working area of the equipment when it is
started up.
no-one is unprotected when the arc is struck
3.
The workplace must:
be suitable for the purpose
be free from drafts
4.
Personal safety equipment
Always wear recommended personal safety equipment, such as safety glasses, flame-proof
clothing, safety gloves.
Do not wear loose-fitting items, such as scarves, bracelets, rings, etc., which could become
trapped or cause burns.
5.
General precautions
Make sure the ground cable is connected securely.
Work on high voltage equipment may only be carried out by a qualified electrician.
Appropriate fire extinquishing equipment must be clearly marked and close at hand.
Lubrication and maintenance must not be carried out on the equipment during operation.
DO NOT USE THE POWER SOURCE FOR THAWING FROZEN PIPES.
- 15 bh32d1aa
US
ARC WELDING AND CUTTING CAN BE INJURIOUS TO YOURSELF AND OTHERS. TAKE
PRECAUSIONS WHEN WELDING. ASK FOR YOUR EMPLOYER'S SAFETY PRACTICES
WHICH SHOULD BE BASED ON MANUFACTURERS' HAZARD DATA.
ELECTRIC SHOCK - CAN KILL
S
INSTALL AND EARTH THE WELDING UNIT IN ACCORDANCE WITH APPLICABLE
STANDARDS.
S
DO NOT TOUCH LIVE ELECTRICAL PARTS OR ELECTRODES WITH BARE SKIN,
WET GLOVES OR WET CLOTHING.
S
INSULATE YOURSELF FROM EARTH AND THE WORKPIECE.
S
ENSURE YOUR WORKING STANCE IS SAFE.
FUMES AND GASES - CAN BE DANGEROUS TO HEALTH
S
KEEP YOUR HEAD OUT OF THE FUMES.
S
USE VENTILATION, EXTRACTION AT THE ARC, OR BOTH, TO TAKE FUMES AND
GASES AWAY FROM YOUR BREATHING ZONE AND THE GENERAL AREA.
ARC RAYS - CAN INJURE EYES AND BURN SKIN.
S
PROTECT YOUR EYES AND BODY. USE THE CORRECT WELDING SCREEN AND
FILTER LENS AND WEAR PROTECTIVE CLOTHING.
S
PROTECT BYSTANDERS WITH SUITABLE SCREENS OR CURTAINS.
FIRE HAZARD
S
SPARKS (SPATTER) CAN CAUSE FIRE. MAKE SURE THEREFORE THAT THERE ARE
NO INFLAMMABLE MATERIALS NEARBY.
NOISE - EXCESSIVE NOISE CAN DAMAGE HEARING
S
PROTECT YOUR EARS. USE EARMUFFS OR OTHER HEARING PROTECTION.
S
WARN BYSTANDERS OF THE RISK.
MALFUNCTION - CALL FOR EXPERT ASSISTANCE IN THE EVENT OF MALFUNCTION.
READ AND UNDERSTAND THE INSTRUCTION MANUAL BEFORE INSTALLING OR OPERATING.
PROTECT YOURSELF AND OTHERS!
Read and understand the instruction manual
before installing or operating.
This product is solely intended for arc welding. Any other use may result in personal
injury and / or equipment damage.
- 16 bh32d1aa
US
Class A equipment is not intended for use in residential locations
where the electrical power is provided by the public low-voltage
supply system. There may be potential difficulties in ensuring
electromagnic compatibility of class A equipment in those locations,
due to conducted as well as radiated disturbances.
3
INTRODUCTION
Arc 151i, Arc 201iis a welding current power source intended for use with coated
electrodes (MMA welding) and TIG welding.
ESAB's accessories for the product can be found on page 34.
3.1
Equipment
Arc 151i, Arc 201i is supplied with a 9.8 feet welding cable, return cable 9.8 feet
mains cable and an instruction manual for power source and control panel.
Instruction manuals in other languages can be downloaded from the website,
www.esab.com.
3.2
Control panel
Control panel A31
Knob for setting the current
Mains voltage LED (green)
Thermal overload trip indicator
(yellow)
Control panel A33
Welding process parameters are controlled via the control panel.
NOTE! See the separate instruction manual for a detailed description of the
control panel.
- 17 bh32d1aa
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4
TECHNICAL DATA
Mains voltage
Primary current
Imax GTAW
Imax SMAW
Mains supply
No-load power
Voltage/current range, SMAW
A31
A33
Voltage/current range GTAW
Permissible load at SMAW
25% duty cycle
60% duty cycle
100% duty cycle
Permissible load at GTAW
20% duty cycle
25% duty cycle
60% duty cycle
100% duty cycle
Power factor at maximum current
Efficiency at maximum current
Open-circuit voltage
A31 without VRD function 1)
A33 VRD function deactivated 2)
VRD function activated 2)
Operating temperature
Transportation temperature
Constant A-weighted sound pressure
Dimensions, l x b x h
Weight
with A31
with A33
Enclosure class
Application class
Arc 151i
230 V, 1 50/60 Hz
Arc 201i
230 V, 1 50/60 Hz
13.8 A
24.1 A
21.3 A
Zmax 0.35 ohm
30 W
24.9 A
Zmax 0.30 ohm
30 W
8 A /20 V - 150 A /26 V
4 A /20 V - 150 A /26 V
3 - 150 A
4 A /20 V - 170 A /26.8 V
3 - 220 A
150 A / 26.0 V
100 A / 24.0 V
90 A / 23.6 V
170 A / 26.8 V
130 A / 25.2 V
110 A / 24.4 V
150 A / 16.0 V
120 A / 14.8 V
110 A / 14.4 V
0.99
80%
220 A / 18.8 V
150 A / 16.0 V
140 A / 15.6 V
0.99
81%
58 - 72 V
55 - 60 V
< 35 V
-14°F - +104° F
- 4°F - +131° F
< 70 dB
16.5 x 7.4 x 8.2 inch
55 - 60 V
< 35 V
-14°F - +104° F
- 4°F - +131° F
< 70 dB
16.5 x 7.4 x 8.2 inch
17.4 lbs
17.9 lbs
18.3 lbs
IP 23
IP 23
1) Valid for power sources without VRD specification on the rating plate.
2) Valid for power sources with VRD specification on the rating plate. The VRD function is explained in
the instruction manual for the control panel.
Mains supply, Zmax
Maximum permissible line on the network impedance in accordance with IEC 61000-3-11.
Duty cycle
The duty cycle refers to the time as a percentage of a ten-minute period that you can weld at a cer­
tain load without overloading. The duty cycle is valid for 104° F.
Enclosure class
The IP code indicates the enclosure class, i. e. the degree of protection against penetration by solid
objects or water. Equipment marked IP 23 is designed for indoor and outdoor use.
Application class
The symbol
indicates that the power source is designed for use in areas with increased
electrical hazard.
- 18 bh32d1aa
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5
INSTALLATION
The installation must be done by a professional.
THE CHASSIS MUST BE CONNECTED TO AN APPROVED ELECTRICAL GROUND.
FAILURE TO DO SO MAY RESULT IN ELECTRICAL SHOCK, SEVERE BURNS OR DEATH.
Mains supply requirements
High power equipment may, due to the primary current drawn from the mains supply, influence the
power quality of the grid. Therefore connection restrictions or requirements regarding the
maximum permissible mains impedance or the required minimum supply capacity at the interface
point to the public grid may apply for some types of equipment (see technical data). In this case it
is the responsibility of the installer or user of the equipment to ensure, by consultation with the
distrubution network operator if necessary, that the equipment may be connected.
5.1
Location
Position the power source such that its cooling air inlets and outlets are not
obstructed.
5.2
Primary input
ELECTRIC SHOCK CAN KILL! PRECAUTIONARY MEASURES SHOULD BE TAKEN TO
PROVIDE MAXIMUM PROTECTION AGAINST ELECTRICAL SHOCK.
BE SURE THAT ALL POWER IS OFF BY OPENING THE LINE (WALL) DISCONNECT SWITCH
WHEN PRIMARY ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS ARE MADE TO THE POWER SOURCE.
BE SURE TO CHECK YOUR INPUT LEADS WITH A VOLTMETER TO MAKE SURE ALL
POWER IS OFF.
Check that the welding power source is connected
to the correct voltage and that the correct fuse size
is used. A protective earth connection must be
made in accordance with regulations
Location of rating plate
- 19 bh32d1aa
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5.2.1
Recommended fuse sizes and minimum cable area
Mains voltage
Mains frequency
Mains cable, area
Phase current I1eff
Welding cable, area
Arc 151i
Arc 201i
230 V 10 %, 1-phase
230 V 10 %, 1-phase
50-60 Hz
50-60 Hz
3G2.5
mm2
11.5 A
16
mm2
3G2.5 mm2
13.4 A
16 mm2
Fuse
anti-surge
16 A
16 A
type C MCB
13 A
16 A
NOTE!
The cable area and fuse rating above comply with Swedish regulations. Use the
welding power source in accordance with the relevant national regulations.
6
OPERATION
General safety regulations for the handling of the equipment can be found on
page 3. Read through before you start using the equipment!
BEFORE MAKING ANY CONNECTIONS TO THE POWER SOURCE OUTPUT
TERMINALS, MAKE SURE THAT ALL PRIMARY INPUT POWER TO THE MACHINE
IS OFF.
ELECTRIC SHOCK CAN KILL! “MACHINERY LOCKOUT PROCEDURES” SHOULD BE
EMPLOYED. IF IT IS NOT POSSIBLE TO USED PADLOCKS, ATTACH A RED TAG TO
THE LINE DISCONNECT SWITCH (OR FUSE BOX) WARNING OTHERS THAT THE
CIRCUIT IS BEING WORKED ON.
ELECTRIC SHOCK CAN KILL! WHEN THE CONTACTOR SWITCH IS IN THE “ON”
POSITION, OUTPUT POWER WILL BE PRESENT THROUGHOUT THE WELDING
CIRCUIT; IE. CABLES, WIRE FEEDER, WIRE SPOOL, DRIVE STAND, GUN AND
ELECTRODE. BE SURE ALL ARE CLEAR OF THE WORKPIECE OR ARCING WILL
RESULT.
Never operate the power source with the cover removed. In addition to the safety
hazards, improper cooling may cause damage to the components. Keep side
panels closed when unit is energized. Welding helmet, gloves and other personal
protection should always be worn when welding.
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6.1
PFC - Power factor correction
The Caddy Arc 151i/201i are 230 V single-phase power sources equipped with a
PFC circuit making it possible to use the full range of the machine on a 16 A fuse.
The PFC also protects the machines against fluctuating mains voltage and makes it
safer to use with a generator. Caddy Arc 151i/201i can operate with extra long
mains cables, over 100 m, giving you a very larger working radius.
6.2
Connections and control devices
1
Connection (+)
SMAW: for return cable or welding cable
GTAW: for return cable
4
Connection (+)
SMAW: for return cable or welding cable
GTMW: for Tig torch l
2
Connection for remote control unit
5
Toggle switch for mains power supply 0 / 1
3
Control panel, see under 3.2
6
Mains cable
6.3
Connection of welding and return cable
The power source has two outputs, a positive terminal (+) and a negative terminal
(-), for connecting welding and return cables. The output to which the welding cable
is connected depends on the type of electrode used. The connecting polarity is
stated on the electrode packaging. Connect the welding cable to the terminal stated
on the electrode packaging.
Connect the return cable to the other output on the power source. Secure the return
cable's contact clamp to the work piece and ensure that there is good contact
between the work piece and the output for the return cable on the power source.
- 21 bh32d1aa
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6.4
Overheating protection
The welding power source has a thermal overload trip which operates if the
temperature becomes too high, interrupting the welding current and lighting a yellow
indicating lamp on the front of the power source. The thermal overload trip resets
automatically when the temperature has fallen.
6.5
SMAW welding
Arc 151i / 201i gives direct current, and you can weld most metals to alloy and non-al­
loy steel, stainless steel and cast iron.
Arc 151i / 201i allows you to weld most coated electrodes from Ø 1.6 to Ø 3.25.
MMA welding may also be referred to as welding with coated electrodes. Striking the arc
melts the electrode, and its coating forms protective slag.
If, when striking the arc, the tip of the electrode is pressed against the metal, it immedi­
ately melts and sticks to the metal, rendering continued welding impossible.
Therefore, the arc has to be struck in the same way that you would light a match.
Quickly strike the electrode against the metal, then raise it
so as to give an appropriate arc length (approx. 0.1 inch).
If the arc is too long, it will crackle and spit before finally
going out completely.
If you are working on a welding bench, check before
attempting to strike the arc that residual waste metal,
pieces of electrode or other objects on the bench do not
insulate the part to be welded.
cmha2p11
Once the arc has been struck, move the electrode from
left to right. The electrode must be at an angle of 60° to
the metal in relation to the direction of welding.
When you want to weld wide beads, or when you want
the weld to be so thick that you have to weld in a number
of layers, however, you have to use lateral movements.
6.6
cmha2p10
GTAW welding
TIG welding melts the metal of the workpiece, using an arc struck from a tungsten
electrode, which does not itself melt. The weld pool and the electrode are protected
by shielding gas.
TIG welding is particularly useful where high quality is demanded and for welding
thin plate. Arc 151i / 201i also has good characteristics for TIG welding.
In order to TIG weld Arc 151i / 201i must be equipped with:
a TIG torch with gas valve
a welding gas cylinder (a suitable welding gas)
a welding gas regulator (suitable gas regulator)
tungsten electrode
suitable auxiliary material, if necessary.
- 22 bh32d1aa
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TIG scrape start (only A31)
To scrape start lightly scrape the tungsten
electrode against the workpiece to create an
arc.
”Live TIG-start” (only A33)
With “Live TIG start” the arc strikes when the tungsten electrode is brought into
contact with the workpiece and then lifted away from it.
6.7
Remote control unit
The remote control unit is connected to the remote control socket on the power
source.
7
MAINTENANCE
Regular maintenance is important for safe, reliable operation.
Only those persons who have appropriate electrical knowledge (authorized
personnel) may remove the safety plates to connect or carry out service,
maintenance or repair work on welding equipment.
INSPECTION, TROUBLESHOOTING, AND REPAIR OF THIS EQUIPMENT SHOULD
BE UNDERTAKEN BY A COMPETENT INDIVIDUAL HAVING AT LEAST GENERAL
EXPERIENCE IN THE MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR OF SEMI-CONDUCTOR
ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT. MAINTENANCE OR REPAIR SHOULD NOT BE
UNDERTAKEN BY ANYONE NOT HAVING SUCH QUALIFICATIONS.
FAILURE TO REPLACE WORN OR DAMAGED CABLES MAY RESULT IN A BARE
CABLE TOUCHING A GROUNDED OBJECT. THE RESULTING ELECTRICAL ARC
MAY INJURE UNPROTECTED EYES AND WILL PRESENT A SERIOUS FIRE
HAZARD. BODY CONTACT WITH A BARE CABLE, CONNECTOR, OR CONDUCTOR
MAY RESULT IN SEVERE ELECTRICAL SHOCK, CAUSING SERIOUS BURNS OR
DEATH.
- 23 bh32d1aa
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Supplier warranty is void if customer attempts any work on product during the
warranty period.
Do not use filters on this unit as they would restrict the volume of intake air required for
proper cooling. Output ratings on this unit are based on an unobstructed supply of
cooling air drawn over its internal components. Warranty is void if any type of filtering
device is used.
If this power source does not operate properly, stop work immediately and
investigate the cause of the malfunction. Maintenance work must be perfomed by
an experienced person, and electrical work by a trained electrician. Do not permit
untrained persons to inspect, clean, or repair this power source. Use only
recommended replacement parts.
7.1
Inspection and cleaning
Power source
Check regularly that the welding power source is not clogged with dirt.
How often and which cleaning methods apply depend on: the welding process, arc
times, placement, and the surrounding environment. It is normally sufficient to blow
down the power source with dry compressed air (reduced pressure) once a year.
Clogged or blocked air inlets and outlets otherwise result in overheating.
TIG torch
The TIG torch's wear parts should be cleaned and replaced at regular intervals in
order to achieve trouble-free welding.
- 24 bh32d1aa
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8
FAULT-TRACING
ELECTRICAL SERVICE AND REPAIR SHOULD BE ATTEMPTED ONLY BY A
TRAINED ELECTRICIAN.
Try these recommended checks and inspections before sending for an authorized
service technician.
Type of fault
Corrective action
No arc.
Check that the mains power supply switch is turned on.
Check that the welding current supply and return cables are
correctly connected.
Check that the correct current value is set.
Check to see whether the MCB has tripped.
The welding current is interrup­
ted during welding.
The thermal cut-out trips fre­
quently.
Check to see whether the dust filter is clogged.
Make sure that you are not exceeding the rated data for the
power source (i.e. that the unit is not being overloaded).
Poor welding performance.
Check that the welding current supply and return cables are
correctly connected.
Check that the correct current value is set.
Check that the correct electrodes are being used.
Check the gas flow.
8.1
Check whether the thermal cut-outs have tripped (indicated
by the orange lamp on the front panel).
Check the mains power supply fuses.
Fault codes
Arc 151i, 201i comes with built-in fault monitoring. If a fault occurs, a code is shown
in the display. See instruction manual for the control panel.
- 25 bh32d1aa
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9
ORDERING SPARE PARTS
Do not make any repairs to equipment unless you are fully qualified, as described
in the maintenance section.
Repair and electrical work should be performed by an authorized ESAB service
personnel. Use only ESAB original replacement and wear parts.
To ensure proper operation, it is recommended that only genuine ESAB parts and
products be used with this equipment. The use of no-ESAB parts may void your
warranty.
Replacement parts may be ordered from your ESAB Distibutor
Be sure to indicate any special shipping instructions when ordering replacement parts
Refer to the Communication Guide located on the last page of this manal for a list of
customer service phone numbers.
Arc 151i, Arc 201i is designed and tested in accordance with the international and Eu­
ropean standards EN 60974-1 and IEC 60974-10 . It is the obligation of the service unit
which has carried out the service or repair work to make sure that the product still
conforms to the said standard.
10
DISMANTLING AND SCRAPPING
Welding equipment primarily consists of steel, plastic and non-ferrous metals, and must
be handled according to local environmental regulations.
Coolant must also be handled according to local environmental regulations.
Dispose of electronic equipment at the recycling facility!
In observance of European Directive 2002/96/EC on Waste Electrical and Electronic
Equipment and its implementation in accordance with national law, electrical and/or
electronic equipment that has reached the end of its life must be disposed of at a
recycling facility.
As the person responsible for the equipment, it is your responsibility to obtain
information on approved collection stations.
For further information contact the nearest ESAB dealer.
- 26 bh32d1aa
- 27 p
Schematic diagram
Arc 151i
- 28 bh32ea
- 29 bh32ea
Arc 201i
- 30 bh32ea
- 31 bh32ea
NOTES
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- 32 notes
Arc 151i/Arc 201i
Ordering number
Ordering no.
Denomination
Type
0460 445 481 Welding Power source
Caddy
Arc 151i, A31
0460 445 483 Welding Power source
Caddy
Arc 151i, A33
0460 445 484 Welding Power source
Caddy
Arc 201i, A33
0460 449 074 Instruction manual Control panel
Caddy
A32, A33, A34
0459 839 027 Spare parts list
Caddy
Arc 151i, Arc 152i, A31
0459 839 028 Spare parts list
Caddy
Arc 151i, Arc 201i, A33
Instruction manuals and the spare parts list are available on the Internet at www.esab.com
- 33 bh32oa
Edition 110413
Arc 151i/Arc 201i
Accessories
Strap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0460 265 001
Cable holder 2 pcs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0460 265 002
Shoulder strap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0460 265 003
Trolley
for gasbottle 1.32-2.64 Gallon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0459 366 885
Welding cable kit, Arc 151i . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Return cable kit, Arc 151i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Welding cable kit, Arc 201i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Return cable kit, Arc 201i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
0700 006 898
0700 006 899
0700 006 900
0700 006 901
Tig torch TXH 150V, Arc 151i . . . . . . . . . . . . 0460 011 843
Tig torch TXH 200V, Arc 201i . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0460 012 841
- 34 bh32aa
Arc 151i/Arc 201i
Only for A33 control panel
Remote control MMA 1 (32.8 ft cable) . . . . . . 0349 501 024
MMA and TIG: current
Foot control FS002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0349 090 886
MMA and TIG current
Remote control unit AT1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0459 491 896
MMA and TIG: current
Remote control unit AT1 CF . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0459 491 897
MMA and TIG: rough and fine setting of
current.
Remote cable 12 pole - 8 pole
16,4 ft . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
32.8 ft . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
49.2 fr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
82.0 ft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
- 35 bh32aa
0459 552 880
0459 552 881
0459 552 882
0459 552 883
ESAB Welding & Cutting Products, Florence, SC Welding Equipment
COMMUNICATION GUIDE - CUSTOMER SERVICES
A
B
C
CUSTOMER SERVICE QUESTIONS:
Telephone: (800) 362-7080 / Fax: (800) 634-7548
Order Entry Product Availability
Pricing
Order Information
ENGINEERING SERVICE:
Telephone: (834) 664-4416 / Fax: (800) 446-5693
Warranty Returns
Authorized Repair Stations
Hours: 7.30 AM to 5:00 PM EST
Welding Equipment Troubleshooting
TECHNICAL SERVICE:
Telephone: (800) ESAB-123 / Fax: (843) 664-4452
Part Numbers
Technical Applications
Specifications
Hours: 8.00 AM to 7:00 PM EST
Returns
Hours: 8.00 AM to 5:00 PM EST
Equipment Recommendations
D
LITERATURE REQUESTS:
Telephone: (843) 664-5562 / Fax: (843) 664-5548
E
WELDING EQUIPMENT REPAIRS:
Telephone: (843) 664-4487 / Fax: (843) 664-5557
Repair Estimates
Repair Status
Hours: 7.30 AM to 3:30 PM EST
WELDING EQUIPMENT TRAINING:
Telephone: (843) 664-4428 / Fax: (843) 679-5864
Training School Information and Registrations
Hours: 7.30 AM to 4:00 PM EST
F
Hours: 7.30 AM to 4:00 PM EST
G
WELDING PROCESS ASSISTANCE:
Telephone: (800) ESAB-123
Hours: 7.30 AM to 4:00 PM EST
H
TECHNICAL ASST. CONSUMABLES:
Telephone: (800) 933-7070
Hours: 7.30 AM to 5:00 PM EST
IF YOU DO NOT KNOW WHOM TO CALL
Telephone: (800) ESAB-123
Fax: (843) 664-4452
Hours: 7:30 AM to 5:00 PM EST
or
visit us on the web at http://www.esabna.com
The ESAB web site offers:
Comprehensive Product Information
Material Safety Data Sheets
Warranty Registration
Instruction Literature Download Library
Distributor Locator
Global Company Information
Press Releases
Customer Feedback & Support
ESAB Welding & Cutting Products
110413
PO BOX 100545, Florence SC 29501-0545
- 36 backp3us