User’s Manual
Rev J­
May 2014
475 Field Communicator
User’s Manual
475 FIELD COMMUNICATOR
475 Field Communicator
NOTICE
Read this User’s Manual before working with the 475 Field
Communicator. For personal and system safety, and for
optimum product performance, thoroughly understand the
contents before using or servicing this product.
For equipment service needs, contact the nearest product
representative.
©Emerson Process Management. 2014. All rights reserved.
The Emerson logo is a trademark and service mark of Emerson Electric
Co.
AMS, DeltaV, and ValveLink are marks of one of the Emerson group of
companies.
Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the United
States and other countries.
IrDA is a registered trademark of the Infrared Data Association.
Bluetooth is a registered trademark of the Bluetooth SIG, Inc.
FOUNDATION is a trademark of the Fieldbus Foundation of Austin, Texas,
USA.
HART and WirelessHART are registered trademarks of the HART
Communication Foundation of Austin, Texas, USA.
Hitachi is a registered trademark of Hitachi America, Ltd.
All other marks are property of their respective owners.
www.fieldcommunicator.com
475 FIELD COMMUNICATOR
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 1
Introduction
Using this manual. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
SECTION 2
Learning the basics
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Safety messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
475 Field Communicator overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Device interoperability. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Working in a hazardous area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Battery and
power supply/charger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Using the touch screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Using the keypad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Accessories. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Assembly. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Installing the System Card and the battery . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Removing the battery and the System Card . . . . . . . . . . 22
Starting up and shutting down . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Starting up. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
The Field Communicator Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Entering standby . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Shutting down . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
About. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Backlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Contrast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Licenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Power Button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Retrain Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Touch Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Event Capture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Connecting to a device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
PC applications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
AMS Device Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Field Communicator Easy Upgrade Utility . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Connecting the 475 Field Communicator or System Card29
Upgrading the 475 Field Communicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
www.fieldcommunicator.com
4
Table of Contents
Adding functionality by enabling licenses . . . . . . . . . . . .
ScratchPad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating a new document . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Opening an existing document . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ValveLink Mobile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Running a self test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Calibrating. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
33
34
35
35
37
37
37
37
SECTION 3
HART functionality
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Safety messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Basic features and functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
HART Application functionality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Using a fast key sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Starting the HART Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Working with offline configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Creating a new configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Opening a saved configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Transferring configurations to a PC application . . . . . . . 44
Working online with HART devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Connecting to a HART device. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Displaying the connected HART devices . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
The HART icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Saving a device configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Displaying Device Setup options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Displaying Graphics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Configuring the HART Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Using hot keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Changing the HART polling options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Ignoring status messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Displaying the HART short tag or long tag in a menu title 55
Storage Cleanup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Viewing available device descriptions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Simulating an online connection to a HART device . . . . 56
Running HART diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
DC voltage measurement (HART terminals) . . . . . . . . . 57
Disconnecting from a HART device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
SECTION 4
Fieldbus functionality
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Basic features and functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fieldbus Application functionality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Link Active Scheduler (LAS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LAS hierarchy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
59
59
60
60
60
60
Table of Contents
5
Starting the Fieldbus Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Working online with fieldbus devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting to a fieldbus device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Displaying the connected fieldbus devices . . . . . . . . . . .
Displaying the online device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Block modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Device blocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Displaying Graphics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring the Fieldbus Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing the fieldbus polling addresses . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing the Slot Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing available device descriptions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Running fieldbus diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DC voltage measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Noise level measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Signal level measurement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disconnecting from a fieldbus device . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
61
61
62
65
66
66
69
75
75
75
76
76
77
77
77
77
78
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting suggestions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Error and status messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Information for Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
79
79
84
90
Processor and memory specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Microprocessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Physical specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Weight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Keypad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Usage specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Temperature limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Storage with batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Storage without batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enclosure rating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connection specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HART and fieldbus communication terminals . . . . . . . . .
Connection types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Battery specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Battery type. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Charge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
91
91
91
91
91
91
91
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
93
93
93
93
SECTION 5
Troubleshooting
APPENDIX A
Reference data
6
Table of Contents
Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operating time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power supply/charger specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Technical data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Order information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Spare parts list . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
93
93
93
94
94
94
94
94
95
97
APPENDIX B
Product certifications
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Approved Manufacturing Locations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
FCC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
IC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Telecommunications Regulatory Authority . . . . . . . . . 100
European Directive Information - CE Compliance . . . 100
R&TTE (1999/5/EC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Electro Magnetic Compatibility (2004/108/EC) . . . . . . . 100
Low Voltage (2006/95/EC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
ATEX Directive (94/9/EC) (KL option only) . . . . . . . . . . 100
Hazardous Locations Certifications (KL option only). 100
European Certifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
International Certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
North American Certifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Power Supply/Charger Certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Declaration of Conformity/Approvals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Label Drawings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Approval Drawings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
APPENDIX C
Graphics information
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Screen layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Buttons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Graphics options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Charts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Graphs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
111
111
112
112
112
113
116
Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . G-117
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-125
475 FIELD COMMUNICATOR
SECTION 1
USING THIS MANUAL
www.fieldcommunicator.com
INTRODUCTION
The sections in this manual provide the following information on the
475 Field Communicator.
Section 2: Learning the basics contains information on assembly,
components, starting, entering standby, shutting down, settings,
supported PC applications, and maintaining the 475 Field
Communicator.
Section 3: HART functionality contains information on starting and
configuring the HART® Application, working offline, communicating
with HART devices, modifying device parameters, and running
diagnostics.
Section 4: Fieldbus functionality contains information on starting
and configuring the Fieldbus Application, communicating with fieldbus
devices, modifying device parameters, and running diagnostics.
Section 5: Troubleshooting provides solutions to the most common
475 Field Communicator operating problems.
Appendix A: Reference data provides physical, functional, and
performance specifications.
Appendix B: Product certifications contains hazardous location
and international certifications, European directive information, and
approval drawings.
Appendix C: Graphics information contains an overview of the
Graphics functionality and options in the 475 Field Communicator.
8
Introduction
475 FIELD COMMUNICATOR
SECTION 2
LEARNING THE BASICS
OVERVIEW
This section provides instructions on basic features and functions of
the 475 Field Communicator. It also provides information on assembly,
components, starting, entering standby, shutting down, settings,
applications, and maintaining the 475 Field Communicator. The
functionality described in this section is based on system software
version 3.8.
SAFETY MESSAGES
Procedures and instructions in this section may require special
precautions to ensure the safety of the personnel performing the
operation. Information that raises potential safety issues is indicated by
a warning symbol ( ). Refer to the safety messages before
performing an operation preceded by this symbol. See the
“Troubleshooting” section for more warning messages.
IMPORTANT NOTICE
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the
limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC
Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a
commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and
can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the user’s manual, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment
in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which
case the user will be required to correct the interference at his own
expense.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is
subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not
cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any
interference received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
Any modifications made to this device that are not approved by
Emerson Process Management may void the authority granted to
the user by the FCC to operate this equipment.
This Class A digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
www.fieldcommunicator.com
10
Learning the basics
WARNING
You can install or remove the Lithium Ion (Li-Ion) battery (Power
Module) in a hazardous area environment.You cannot charge the
battery in this environment because the power supply/charger
(00375-0003-0005) is not IS-approved.
475 FIELD
COMMUNICATOR
OVERVIEW
The 475 Field Communicator supports HART and FOUNDATION fieldbus
devices, letting you configure, maintain, or troubleshoot devices. When
using the 475 Field Communicator to communicate with devices,
follow all standards and procedures applicable to the location. Failure
to comply may result in equipment damage and/or personal injury. Be
sure to understand and comply with the sections in this manual.
The 475 Field Communicator includes a color LCD touch screen, a
Li-Ion battery (Power Module), a SH3 processor, memory components,
System Card, and integral communication and measurement circuitry.
The Field Communicator also supports multiple languages. See the
readme file included with the Field Communicator Easy Upgrade Utility
or www.fieldcommunicator.com for more information.
Device interoperability
The 475 Field Communicator is designed to operate with a wide range
of HART and FOUNDATION fieldbus devices independent of device
manufacturer. Device interoperability is achieved through the
Electronic Device Description Language (EDDL) technology supported
by the HART Communication Foundation and Fieldbus Foundation.
Basic testing is performed on all device descriptions. Each device
manufacturer is asked to certify that they thoroughly tested their
devices with the 475 Field Communicator. If certification is not
received, a warning message displays when you attempt to
communicate with an untested device. New device descriptions are
available from the Field Communicator Easy Upgrade Utility or the
Resource CD or DVD.
Learning the basics
Working in a hazardous
area
11
A 475 Field Communicator that meets the Intrinsic Safety requirements
(I/S-approved) can be used in Zone 0 (FM and CSA only), Zone 1, or
Zone 2, for Group IIC, and Class I, Division 1 and Division 2, Groups A,
B, C, and D locations.
An IS-approved 475 Field Communicator may be connected to loops
or segments that are attached to equipment located in Zone 0, Zone 1,
Zone 2, for Group IIC; Zone 20, Zone 21, Zone 22, and Class I,
Division 1 and Division 2, Groups A, B, C, and D locations.
IS-approved 475 Field Communicators are ordered with the KL option
and have an additional label on the back of the 475 that lists the
approvals.
See Appendix B “Product certifications” for more information about IS
approvals and installations.
CAUTION
You can install or remove the Li-Ion battery in a hazardous area
environment. You cannot charge the battery in this environment
because the power supply/charger is not IS-approved.
Battery and
power supply/charger
The 475 Field Communicator is powered by a Li-Ion battery that has a
green, 6-pin connector. The power supply/charger also has a green
connector to match the appropriate connector on the battery. See
Figure 2-1 for the location of the connector.
Prior to using the 475 Field Communicator without the power
supply/charger connected, fully charge the battery.
Guidelines and precautions
Understand and follow the guidelines and precautions below before
using the battery or power supply/charger.
• When transporting a Li-Ion battery, follow all applicable regulations.
• Protect the battery and power supply/charger from moisture, and
respect operating and storage temperature limits. See Appendix A
“Reference data” for more information.
• Do not cover the battery or power supply/charger, subject it to
prolonged periods of direct sunlight, or place it upon or next to
heat-sensitive materials.
• Charge the battery with only the Field Communicator power
supply/charger. The power supply/charger should not be used with
other products. Failure to comply may permanently damage your
475 Field Communicator and will void the IS approval and the
warranty.
• Do not open or modify the battery or power supply/charger. There
are no user-serviceable components or safety elements inside.
Opening or modifying them will void the warranty and could cause
personal harm.
12
Learning the basics
Checking the remaining charge
To view the remaining charge, press the Charge Indicator button on
the lower left side of the battery. See Figure 2-1 for the location of this
button. When you press and release the button, the lights above the
button slowly illuminate to display the charge remaining. Each light
represents 20 percent of the charge. The battery is fully charged when
all of the lights are illuminated.
You can also check the remaining charge from the Settings menu on
the Field Communicator Main Menu. See “Power” on page 25 for more
information.
Figure 2-1. Li-Ion battery example
Charge Indicator button
Lights illuminated by pressing the Charge
Indicator button
Li-Ion
battery
Green power supply/charger connector (side)
Charging the battery
Prior to first portable use, fully charge the battery. The battery can be
charged separately or while attached to the 475 Field Communicator.
The 475 Field Communicator is fully operable while the battery is
recharging, and a full charge takes 2-3 hours. An overcharge condition
will not occur if the power supply/charger remains connected.
CAUTION
You can remove and install the Li-Ion battery in a hazardous area
environment. You cannot charge the battery in this environment
because the power supply/charger is not IS-approved.
Learning the basics
13
To charge the battery:
1.Plug the power supply/charger into a power outlet.
2.Plug the green power supply/charger connector into the green
connector on the battery. The flat side of the power supply/charger
connector should face the front of the 475 or the inside of the battery,
if the battery is not attached to the 475. The battery is fully charged
when the light on the power supply/charger is green.
Figure 2-2. Charging the battery connected to the 475 Field
Communicator
Power supply/charger
connector
Power supply/charger
Power supply/charger lights
14
Learning the basics
Power supply/charger lights
Three lights are on the power supply/charger to indicate the conditions
below. Each light displays a different color.
Table 2-1. Power supply/charger lights
Color
Condition
Green
The battery is fully charged.
Flashing green
The battery is nearly fully charged.
Yellow
The battery is charging.
Flashing yellow
The power supply/charger is not connected to
the 475 Field Communicator.
Flashing yellow and The remaining charge in the battery is very low.
red
Red
Charging cannot occur. Contact Technical
Support for more information.
Maintaining the battery
To help maintain the performance and life of the Li-Ion battery,
understand and follow the guidelines below:
• Recharge the battery frequently, preferably after each use or at
night. Limit the number of full discharges, if possible.
• Frequent use at high temperatures can reduce performance.
• Use a dry location at or near room temperature when storing the
battery for an extended time. Prolonged storage at higher
temperatures can reduce performance.
• Ensure the remaining charge level is at or near mid-capacity when
storing for an extended time. The remaining charge will slowly drain
during storage. Periodically charge the battery to ensure the
remaining charge does not drain to low levels.
Learning the basics
15
Figure 2-3. 475 Field Communicator shown with optional rubber boot
IrDA® interface
(top)
HART and FOUNDATION fieldbus
communication terminals (top)
Touch screen display
Bluetooth®
light
Power key and light
Backlight key
Strap attachment
(side)
Strap attachment
(side)
Navigation keys
(four arrow keys)
Enter key
Stylus (in the strap)
Li-Ion battery (back) and
System Card (internal)
Tab key
Function key and
light (for multiple-key
combination
functionality)
Alphanumeric
keypad
Lights illuminated by
pressing the
Charge Indicator button
(side)
Green power
supply/charger
connector on the
battery
(side)
Charge Indicator button
(side)
Strap attachment (side)
Strap attachment (side)
16
Using the touch screen
Learning the basics
The touch screen and keypad let you select menu items and enter text.
Use the provided stylus or the up and down arrow keys on the keypad
to select a menu item. On the Settings and Field Communicator Main
Menu, tap an icon or press Enter to open the selected icon. On other
menus, double-tap the selected item on the screen or press the right
arrow key on the keypad to open a menu item.
CAUTION
Contact the touch screen with blunt items only, preferably the stylus
included with the 475 Field Communicator. See Figure 2-3 on page 15
for the location of the stylus. Sharp instruments, such as screwdrivers,
can damage the touch screen. Repairing the touch screen requires
replacement of the entire display assembly, which is possible only at
an authorized service center.
Use the back arrow icon ( ) on the window to return to the previous
menu. Use the close icon ( ) in the upper right corner of the window
to end the application.
If the touch screen seems inaccurate, you can recalibrate it. For more
information, see “Touch Screen” on page 26.
NOTE
All instructions in this manual are written for the touch screen.
Use the soft input panel (SIP) keyboard
The SIP keyboard allows for alphanumeric input using the touch
screen. The SIP keyboard detects when you need to enter characters
and appears automatically as required.
Using the keypad
The following section describes the buttons on the 475 Field
Communicator keypad.
Bluetooth symbol ( )
The Bluetooth symbol on the keypad is illuminated by a blue light when
Bluetooth is enabled from the Listen for PC window. The 475 Field
Communicator must be licensed for Bluetooth to use this functionality.
Power key
The Power key is used to power on and off the 475 Field
Communicator or to put it in standby. You can set the default option,
stand by or shut down, from the Settings menu. See “Power Button” on
page 26 for more information. The green light on the Power key
flashes when you press and hold the Power key to turn on the 475
Field Communicator. The light is constant when the 475 is on, and it
slowly blinks when the 475 is in standby.
Learning the basics
17
If the Power key is pressed when there is unsent data or a device
method is running, a warning message appears. Tap OK to have the
475 Field Communicator enter standby or shut down, or tap Cancel to
return to the previous window.
The Power key is disabled when the 475 Field Communicator is in
Listen for PC mode or when the ScratchPad application is open.
Arrow navigation keys
Four arrow navigation keys let you move through the menus and icons
in the applications. Press the up and down arrow keys to select a
menu item. On the Settings and Field Communicator Main Menu, tap
an icon or press the Enter key to open the selected menu. On all other
menus, use the right arrow key to open a menu item or the left arrow
key to return to the previous menu.
The blue text near the keys indicates alternate functionality that can be
enabled by pressing the Function key.
Enter key
The Enter key lets you open the selected (highlighted) button on a
window or an icon on the Field Communicator Main Menu or Settings
Menu. For example, if you push the Enter key when the Cancel button
on a window is selected, you will close that window.
Tab key
The Tab key lets you move between selectable controls on a window.
Pressing the Tab key selects the icons from left to right across all of the
rows on the screen.
Alphanumeric keypad
The alphanumeric keypad lets you enter letters, digits, and other
characters, such as punctuation marks. The 475 Field Communicator
automatically determines which text options are available depending
upon the input necessary for the particular field.
To enter text when in alphanumeric mode, press the desired keypad
button in quick repetition to scroll through the options to display the
appropriate letter or number. For example, to type the letter Z, press
the 9 key quickly four times.
The blue text near the keys indicates alternate functionality that can be
enabled by pressing the Function key. The alternate function on the
alphanumeric 5 key (insert) will be activated in future releases of the
475 Field Communicator software.
18
Learning the basics
Backlight key
The Backlight key lets you adjust the intensity of the touch screen
display. There are four different settings. The intensity impacts the
charge in the battery. Expect a shorter charge life for higher intensities.
See “Backlight” on page 24 for information on timers that can turn off
the backlight after specified periods of inactivity. These timers can help
conserve the battery power.
Function (Fn) key
The Function key lets you enable alternate functionality on select keys.
The Function key does not apply for menus displaying icons.The blue
text near the other keys on the keypad indicate the alternate
functionality. When the Function key is enabled, the orange light in the
left corner of the Function key appears and the FN button on the Soft
Input Panel (SIP), if displayed, is highlighted. Press the Function key
again to disable the functionality and turn off the light.
Memory
Types
The 475 Field Communicator memory consists of three components:
1.Internal Flash—32MB non-volatile RAM. The Internal Flash memory
stores the operating system and system software. It also stores the
following:
• Up to 25 HART configurations
• HART Event Captures
• FOUNDATION fieldbus statistics
• Text files saved from ScratchPad
2.System Card—an internal 1 GB or higher Secure Digital Card with
non-volatile flash memory. A copy of installable system software
exists on every System Card. The System Card also contains all
HART and FOUNDATION fieldbus device descriptions and can store
up to 1,000 HART configurations, depending on the sizes of the files.
3.RAM—32MB used only for program execution.
Available memory space
To view the available memory in your 475 Field Communicator,
connect to the Field Communicator Easy Upgrade Utility or tap the
Memory icon from the Settings menu. The Field Communicator Main
Menu displays the Settings menu item. See “Memory” on page 27 for
more information.
Free memory on the System Card
Over time, your System Card may become full and unable to store new
files. To free memory on your System Card, use the Memory
Management feature in the Field Communicator Easy Upgrade Utility.
This lets you filter and select which device descriptions can be
transferred onto your System Card. Device descriptions from selected
manufacturers or protocols are omitted during an upgrade, allowing
more space for other files.
Learning the basics
19
If the selected device descriptions are already on your 475, they are
removed the next time you connect the 475 Field Communicator to the
Easy Upgrade Utility. You are prompted before the files are removed.
See the Easy Upgrade Utility Help for more information.
Accessories
Rubber boot
A rubber boot can be purchased to further protect your 475 Field
Communicator. The boot has an additional stand on the back, cut outs
for the straps, and holders for the stylus. An anti-static material is used
to meet the applicable Intrinsic Safety requirements.
Figure 2-4. Back of the 475 Field Communicator Rubber Boot
20
Learning the basics
Straps
Two straps are available with the 475 Field Communicator. The
magnetic strap attaches to the top of the 475 Field Communicator and
lets you hang it from a metal pipe. The strap attachment is located near
the HART and fieldbus terminals on the top of the 475 Field
Communicator.
The side strap lets you attach a strap to the sides or back of the 475
Field Communicator, making it easy to carry. See Figure 2-5. The side
strap also holds the stylus used with the touch screen.
Figure 2-5. Side Strap Example
Learning the basics
21
ASSEMBLY
Installing the System Card
and the battery
If you received a 475 Field Communicator with the System Card
already installed, proceed to the " Starting up" section.
1.Place the 475 Field Communicator face down on a level, secure
surface.
2.Remove the protective rubber boot, if attached.
3.With the battery removed, slide the System Card (labeled System
Card), with the metal card contacts facing up, into the System Card
socket until it clicks. The System Card socket is spring-loaded. See
Figure 2-6 for the location of the System Card socket.
The System Card is not locked into the System Card socket in the
image below.
Figure 2-6. Back of the 475 Field Communicator
Bluetooth approval label
Main unit label
Stand
Battery retaining screws
Connector pins
Strap attachment
IS label
(KL option)
Strap attachment
Li-Ion battery
System Card partially
inserted into the
System Card socket
CAUTION
The System Card must be supplied by the 475 Field Communicator
manufacturer. Failure to comply will void the IS approval.
4.With the 475 Field Communicator still face down, ensure the tops of
the two battery retaining screws are loose and slightly above the top
of the 475.
5.Align the sides of the battery with the 475 and carefully slide it
forward until it is secure.
6.Carefully hand tighten the two battery retaining screws to secure the
battery. (Do not over tighten, 0.5Nm maximum torque load.)
CAUTION
The connector pins may be damaged if the 475 Field Communicator
and battery are improperly aligned.
22
Learning the basics
Removing the battery and
the System Card
To remove the battery and System Card:
1.Remove the rubber boot, if attached.
2.Place the 475 Field Communicator face down on a level, secure
surface.
3.Loosen the battery retaining screws until the top of each screw is
slightly above the top of the 475 Field Communicator.
4.Slide the battery off the 475 Field Communicator. Do not pull up the
battery because this could damage the connector pins.
5.Push the System Card into the System Card socket until it clicks to
release it. The System Card socket is spring-loaded.
6.Grasp the System Card with your fingers and slide it straight out of
the 475 Field Communicator.
STARTING UP AND
SHUTTING DOWN
Prior to using the 475 Field Communicator without the power
supply/charger, fully charge the battery. See “Charging the battery” on
page 12 for more information.
Before operating the 475 Field Communicator, ensure:
• The 475 Field Communicator is not damaged.
• The battery is fully seated.
• All screws are sufficiently tightened.
• The communication terminal recess is free of dirt and debris.
Starting up
Press and hold the Power key on the keypad until the green light on
that key flashes (approximately two seconds). See Figure 2-3 on
page 15 for the location of the Power key.
During startup, the 475 Field Communicator automatically checks for
any system software upgrades available on the internal System Card.
You are notified if an upgrade is on the System Card and ready to be
installed. The Field Communicator Main Menu appears.
The Field Communicator
Main Menu
The Field Communicator Main Menu is the first menu that appears
after you start the 475 Field Communicator. This menu lets you run the
HART and the Fieldbus Applications, view the Settings menu,
communicate with a PC, and launch ScratchPad or ValveLink™
Mobile. See Section 3 “HART Functionality” and Section 4 “Fieldbus
Functionality” for more information on these applications.
Learning the basics
23
Figure 2-7. Field Communicator Main Menu
Entering standby
You can put the 475 Field Communicator into standby to save power or
to reduce the boot-up time if you are using the 475 Field
Communicator intermittently. Standby turns off the touch screen and
areas within the 475 Field Communicator.
You can put the 475 Field Communicator in standby when the HART
Application or the Fieldbus Application is running. If you are working
online with a device when standby is entered, the application main
menu is displayed when the 475 Field Communicator returns from
standby. Otherwise, the 475 Field Communicator displays the last
open window.
To enter standby, press the Power key. From the Power Switch dialog
box, tap Stand by and tap OK or press the Enter key. Tap Cancel to
close the dialog box and return to the application. You can set the
default option on the Power Switch dialog box. See “Power Button” on
page 26 for more information.The green light on the Power key slowly
flashes when the 475 Field Communicator is in standby. To leave
standby, press the Power key.
The 475 Field Communicator also enters standby if the standby timer
has expired. See “Power” on page 25 for more information.
Shutting down
To shut down the 475 Field Communicator, press the Power key. From
the Power Switch dialog box, tap Shut down and tap OK or press the
Enter key. Tap Cancel to close the dialog box and return to the
application. You can set the default option on the Power Switch dialog
box. See “Power Button” on page 26 for more information.
The 475 Field Communicator shuts down if the auto-off timer has
expired. See “Power” on page 25 for more information.
You can also shut down the 475 Field Communicator by
simultaneously pressing the Backlight key and the Function key until
the display turns off. The shut down is accomplished in the hardware
(similar to removing the power to a PC using a switch). This is not the
recommended way of shutting off the 475 Field Communicator. Use
this method to shut down and reset the 475 Field Communicator if the
screen appears to lock up and does not respond when you use the
touch screen or keypad.
24
SETTINGS
About
Backlight
Clock
Learning the basics
You can view and modify the options below for the 475 Field
Communicator from the Settings option on the Field Communicator
Main Menu.
To return to the Field Communicator Main Menu, tap the Back button
on the screen. Tap the MORE button to view additional items on the
Settings menu.
The About setting lets you view the software revisions in your 475 Field
Communicator. If you need to call Technical Support personnel, have
the system software version, Communication and Diagnostic Circuitry
(CDC) version, and the operating system version available.
Tapping RE-IMAGE re-installs the operating system, system software,
and applications on your 475 Field Communicator. The power
supply/charger must be connected when the RE-IMAGE operation is
performed. During the operation, the standby and auto-off timers are
disabled. This operation should only be performed under the direction
of Technical Support personnel.
Tapping RE-FLASH re-installs the firmware and software from the
System Card. The power supply/charger must be connected when the
RE-FLASH operation is performed. During the operation, the standby
and auto-off timers are disabled. This operation should only be
performed under the direction of Technical Support personnel.
Tap OK to return to the Settings menu.
The Backlight setting lets you adjust the backlight intensity of the
screen. To adjust the backlight, drag the slider left to right.
The Backlight setting also lets you set timers to automatically turn off
the backlight after a specified period of inactivity to save battery power.
To enable a timer, tap a drop-down list and select the appropriate time
interval. The external power timer applies when the power
supply/charger is connected to the 475 Field Communicator
After you select the appropriate backlight settings, tap OK to retain this
setting for this session only, SET DEFAULT to retain this setting upon
startup, or CANCEL to exit without changes.
The Clock setting lets you set the date, time, and time zone on the 475
Field Communicator. Configure the date by using the drop-down list.
To configure the time, select the appropriate time field and use the
arrows to scroll through values until you find the correct time. Select
the drop-down list to select a time zone. Tap OK to save the changes
and to close the window, or CANCEL to exit without changes.
Learning the basics
25
The Contrast setting lets you adjust the lightest and darkest areas on
the window. This option applies to only the 375 Field Communicator.
Contrast
NOTE
Temperature can affect contrast.
Licenses
Power
The Licenses setting lets you view the enabled and available licenses
for the 475 Field Communicator. A checkmark indicates the license is
enabled. Unlicensed features cannot be accessed. The following
licenses and information are displayed:
• HART - enables your 475 to run the HART Application to
communicate with HART devices.
• Graphics - enables your 475 Field Communicator to display device
information as images, charts, and graphs.
• Easy Upgrade - enables you to upgrade your 475 Field
Communicator with the latest system software and device
descriptions at your site, without having to send it to a service center.
• Exp Date - displays the expiration date of the Easy Upgrade license.
The date is listed as year-month-day. N/A appears if the 475 is not
licensed for Easy Upgrade.
• Bluetooth - enables your 475 Field Communicator to communicate
with supported PC applications, such as the Easy Upgrade Utility,
using Bluetooth.
• FOUNDATION fieldbus - enables the 475 Field Communicator to run
the Fieldbus Application to communicate with fieldbus devices.
• Device Config Management - enables you to save HART device or
user configurations to the System Card and to print and store them
using the Easy Upgrade Utility.
The License window also displays the Unit Name and System Card
Serial Number (SN) of the 475 Field Communicator. See the Easy
Upgrade Utility Help for more details on assigning a Unit Name. Tap
OK to return to the Settings menu.
The Power setting lets you specify power management options when
the 475 Field Communicator is on battery power. The standby timer
puts the 475 Field Communicator in standby and the auto-off timer
shuts down the 475 Field Communicator after the specified values of
inactivity. To specify values for the standby or auto-off timer, select the
time intervals from the drop-down lists. If set to short intervals, these
timers will save battery power.
The Maximize Power Savings option conserves additional battery
power by letting the 475 Field Communicator enter standby or shut
down when communicating with a device. To enable Maximize Power
Savings, tap the checkbox. If this option is disabled, the 475 Field
Communicator will not enter standby or shut down when
communicating with a device.
26
Learning the basics
After you select the appropriate power management settings, tap OK
to apply the settings for this session only, SET DEFAULT to retain the
settings upon startup, or CANCEL to exit without changes.
Power Button
Retrain Battery
The Power Button setting lets you set the default option for the Power
Switch dialog. The Power Switch dialog appears when you press the
Power key. This option does not let the Field Communicator
automatically shut down or enter stand by when you press the Power
key. You still need to tap OK.
From the Power Button screen, select the Stand by or Shut down
option and then tap OK to apply the settings for this session only, SET
DEFAULT to retain the settings upon startup, or CANCEL to exit
without changes.
The Retrain Battery setting lets you fully discharge the battery so it can
be charged to its full capacity. Perform this operation if you notice a
significant decrease in charge life or performance.
CAUTION
It should not be necessary to perform this operation on a regular basis.
Doing so may damage the Li-Ion battery.
Ensure the power supply/charger is not connected when this operation
is performed. During the operation, the backlight is set to its brightest
setting to quickly discharge the battery. The backlight, standby, and
auto-off timers are disabled. If you tap CANCEL, the battery stops
discharging and the backlight, standby, and auto-off timers are
re-enabled. The backlight setting is also restored.
After the battery is fully discharged, make sure it is fully recharged
before using it without the power supply/charger. You can use the 475
Field Communicator while the battery is recharging.
To retrain the battery:
1.Disconnect the power supply/charger, if it is connected to the 475
Field Communicator.
2.Tap Retrain Battery from the Settings menu.
3.Wait until the 475 Field Communicator shuts down. It may take up to
several hours to discharge the battery, depending on the charge
remaining when the operation began.
Connect the power supply/charger to the 475 Field Communicator and
fully charge the battery.
Touch Screen
The Touch Screen setting lets you calibrate the touch screen with the
display. Tap the center of the cross hairs firmly and accurately at each
location on the window. The target continues to move until the touch
screen is aligned. Touch screen alignment is retained upon start up.
Learning the basics
Event Capture
27
The Event Capture setting lets you create an Event Capture file (.rec),
which is a log of communication, input, and output that occurs between
the 475 Field Communicator and a device (HART only). When working
with Technical Support personnel, you may be asked to create an
Event Capture file to help troubleshoot issues that cannot be easily
isolated or resolved. The Event Capture file can then be transferred to
your PC using the Field Communicator Easy Upgrade Utility and sent
to Technical Support personnel for review.
Tap the option to activate the Event Capture feature. The option is
black when selected. To delete an existing Event Capture, tap
DELETE EVENT FILE.
NOTE
While Event Capture is enabled, device status and warning messages
do not appear.
To create and send an Event Capture file:
1.Tap Settings from the Field Communicator Main Menu.
2.Tap MORE and then tap Event Capture.
3.Tap Turn on HART event capture from the Event Capture window
and tap OK.
4.Tap HART from the Field Communicator Main Menu.
5.Enter a file name for the Event Capture file and tap OK. The file is
saved to a default location.
6.Perform the requested operations to capture the data.
7.Use the Field Communicator Easy Upgrade Utility to transfer the file
from your 475 Field Communicator to your PC. See the Easy
Upgrade Utility Help for more information.
Memory
The Memory setting lets you view available free space in the System
Card, Internal Flash, or RAM. To select the Memory icon, tap MORE
on the Settings screen. If you have less than 10 percent of memory
free, the value is highlighted yellow.
28
Learning the basics
CONNECTING TO A
DEVICE
Use the provided lead set and the HART or Fieldbus (if licensed)
Applications to connect and communicate with a device. The
appropriate device description is also required. If the 475 Field
Communicator does not have the HART device description, the device
can be displayed in forward compatibility mode. This mode uses a
generic device description and does not display all device functionality.
Three terminals for the lead set are on the top of the 475 Field
Communicator. Each red terminal is a positive connection for its
protocol, while the black terminal is a common terminal shared by both
protocols. An access door ensures only one pair of terminals is
exposed at any one time. Several markings indicate which pair of
terminals is for which protocol.
See "Section 3 HART functionality" and "Section 4 Fieldbus
functionality" for wiring diagrams and more information. Appendix B
displays diagrams for Intrinsically Safe installations.
PC APPLICATIONS
Connect your 475 Field Communicator to a supported PC application,
such as AMS Suite: Intelligent Device Manager or the Field
Communicator Easy Upgrade Utility, to download new system
software, device descriptions, and licenses. You can also transfer
HART configuration files, Event Capture files, and ScratchPad (.txt)
files to a PC.
AMS Device Manager
The 475 Field Communicator can connect to AMS Device Manager
(version 6.2 or higher), letting you create, open, edit, or compare
HART device or user configuration files. You may need to connect
using IrDA if Bluetooth is not supported in your version. You can also
transfer configurations between AMS Device Manager and a storage
location in the 475 Field Communicator. Check the AMS Device
Manager Books Online for more information.
Field Communicator Easy
Upgrade Utility
The 475 Field Communicator can connect to the Field Communicator
Easy Upgrade Utility that is available on the Resource CD or DVD. See
the readme file for installation and system requirements. You can
access this file from www.fieldcommunicator.com or the Resource CD
or DVD.
Learning the basics
29
The Easy Upgrade Utility lets you do the following:
• Download new system software and device descriptions to upgrade
your 475 Field Communicator at your site.
• Enable new functionality and applications by purchasing and
downloading new application licenses using the Online Licensing
feature.
• Upload Event Capture and ScratchPad files to your PC.
• Upload, download, and print HART device or user configurations
(.hcf files). Uploading configurations to the Easy Upgrade Utility lets
you back up these files.
• Manage the memory in your System Card by specifying which
device descriptions can be downloaded to your System Card.
Limiting the number of device descriptions will free memory on your
System Card.
• Assign a Unit Name to a 475 Field Communicator to uniquely identify
it, which is useful when connecting to a 475 Field Communicator
using Bluetooth.
See the Easy Upgrade Utility Help for more information on these
features.
Connecting the 475 Field
Communicator or System
Card
You can use three connection types to connect a 475 Field
Communicator to the Easy Upgrade Utility: IrDA, Bluetooth (if
licensed), or a supported card reader. The 475 Field Communicator
must be in Listen for PC mode to communicate through IrDA or
Bluetooth. See the AMS Device Manager Books Online for information
on supported connection types.
Certain connection types are required to transfer files or information
between the Field Communicator Easy Upgrade Utility and a 475 Field
Communicator. See Table 2-2.
30
Learning the basics
Table 2-2. Required connection types to transfer files using the Easy
Upgrade Utility
File to Transfer
Required Connection Type
Device Descriptions*
IrDA, Bluetooth, or a Card Reader
Event Capture Files
IrDA or Bluetooth
HART Device or User
Configuration Files
IrDA, Bluetooth, or a Card Reader
Licenses
IrDA or Bluetooth
ScratchPad (.txt) Files
IrDA or Bluetooth
System Software*
IrDA, Bluetooth, or a Card Reader
Unit Name
IrDA or Bluetooth
*Some upgrades may require a card reader.
Listen for PC
The Listen for PC option lets you select IrDA or Bluetooth as the
connection type to communicate with a PC. To enter Listen for PC
mode, tap the Listen for PC icon from the Field Communicator Main
Menu. IrDA is initially set as the default connection type and is
automatically enabled when you open Listen for PC.
You can change the connection type at any time by tapping the
Change Connection Type button and then selecting an option. Tap
OK to use the selected connection type for only the current session.
The default connection type is used the next time you open Listen for
PC. Tap Save as Default to always use the selected connection type
when Listen for PC is opened.
After you select the connection type, the 475 Field Communicator
waits for a connection from the PC. When the 475 is connected, a
message appears and the PC name is listed in the Connected PC field
on the Listen for PC window.
NOTE
The Power key, standby timer, and auto-off timer are disabled when
the 475 Field Communicator is in Listen for PC mode.
Bluetooth
The Bluetooth interface (if licensed) lets your 475 Field Communicator
connect to the Field Communicator Easy Upgrade Utility version 3.0 or
higher to transfer device descriptions, system software, configurations,
Event Captures, application licenses, and ScratchPad (.txt) files.
Check your AMS Device Manager documentation to see if Bluetooth is
supported.
Learning the basics
31
NOTE
The 475 Field Communicator does not communicate with HART or
fieldbus devices using Bluetooth.
To use Bluetooth, you need the following:
• 475 Field Communicator with a Bluetooth license. To see if your 475
is licensed for Bluetooth, tap the Settings icon from the Field
Communicator Main Menu. Then tap Licenses. A checkmark next to
Bluetooth indicates it is licensed.
• An approved Bluetooth adapter attached to your PC that uses the
Windows Bluetooth software and drivers. See the Easy Upgrade
Utility Help and readme file for more information. You can access the
readme file from www.fieldcommunicator.com, the Resource CD or
DVD, or the Field Communicator Easy Upgrade Utility menu in the
Windows Start menu (if the Easy Upgrade Utility has been installed.)
If Bluetooth is not set as the default connection type, you need to
enable it on the Listen for PC window. To enable Bluetooth
communication:
1.Tap Listen for PC from the Field Communicator Main Menu.
2.Tap Change Connection Type.
3.Tap Bluetooth and then tap OK. You can tap Save as Default to
always use Bluetooth as the connection type.
The Bluetooth symbol on the keypad is illuminated by a blue light ( )
and a “Waiting for connection” message appears when Bluetooth is
enabled. See Figure 2-3 for the location of this light.
The maximum recommended distance between the 475 Field
Communicator and PC is 30 feet (10 meters). See the Help in the Easy
Upgrade Utility or AMS Device Manager for more information about
connecting using Bluetooth.
IrDA
The 475 Field Communicator can communicate with the Field
Communicator Easy Upgrade Utility and AMS Device Manager using
infrared (IrDA) technology. IrDA is a PC interface supported for the
transfer of device descriptions, software updates, configurations,
Event Captures, application licenses, and ScratchPad files. See Figure
2-3 on page 15 for the location of the IrDA interface on the 475 Field
Communicator. All 475 Field Communicators can use IrDA.
IrDA communication can either be built into the PC, such as a laptop,
or provided through an adapter such as a USB to IrDA adapter. Refer
to your IrDA manual for installation and operating instructions. The
maximum recommended distance between the IrDA and PC is 18
inches.
If you previously set Bluetooth as the default connection type, you
need to enable IrDA.
32
Learning the basics
To enable IrDA communication:
1.Tap Listen for PC from the Field Communicator Main Menu.
2.Tap Change Connection Type.
3.Tap IrDA and then tap OK.You can tap Save as Default to always
use IrDA as the connection type.
A “Waiting for connection” message appears when IrDA is enabled.
See AMS Device Manager Books Online or the Easy Upgrade Utility
Help for instructions to connect to those applications using IrDA.
Card reader
The 475 Field Communicator System Card can also communicate with
the Easy Upgrade Utility using a supported Secure Digital card reader.
See the readme file for the supported card readers. You can access
this file from www.fieldcommunicator.com, the Resource CD or DVD,
or the Field Communicator Easy Upgrade Utility menu in the Windows
Start menu (if the Easy Upgrade Utility has been installed.)
CAUTION
Using Windows Explorer and a card reader to manually transfer or
copy files between the System Card and a PC can corrupt the System
Card. This operation should only be performed under the direction of
Technical Support personnel.
The card reader provides faster upload and download speeds than an
IrDA adapter; however, it cannot transfer application licenses, Event
Capture files, or ScratchPad files.
To access the System Card, you need to remove the battery from the
475 Field Communicator. See “Removing the battery and the System
Card” on page 22 for more information.
See the Easy Upgrade Utility Help for instructions to connect a System
Card and card reader.
Learning the basics
Upgrading the 475 Field
Communicator
33
The Field Communicator Easy Upgrade Utility on the Resource CD or
DVD lets you download new system software and device descriptions
to upgrade your 475 Field Communicator at your site. To download
new system software and device descriptions, your 475 Field
Communicator must be licensed for Easy Upgrade.
You can also send your Field Communicator to a Service Center to be
upgraded. For more information, contact your sales representative.
CAUTION
New system software and device descriptions must be downloaded
and transferred to the 475 Field Communicator using the Easy
Upgrade Utility. Manually copying files to the System Card using
Windows Explorer will corrupt the System Card.
Downloading new system software and device descriptions
Download the latest system software and device descriptions from the
Internet by using the Update PC functionality in the Easy Upgrade
Utility (version 3.0 or higher). An Internet connection is required to
download the new files. If your site does not have Internet access, a
Resource CD or DVD can provide the latest updates.
Transferring the system software and device descriptions
Use the Easy Upgrade Utility to transfer all the files to a connected 475
Field Communicator. You can use IrDA, Bluetooth, or a card reader to
connect to the Easy Upgrade Utility and transfer the upgrades. Large
or critical upgrades may require a card reader. See the Easy Upgrade
Utility Help for information on connecting and upgrading a 475 Field
Communicator.
The Easy Upgrade Utility also lets you transfer a specific system
software or device description version. Connect a 475 Field
Communicator or System Card and click the More Options button on
the Upgrade window to access the System Software and DDs tabs.
Adding functionality by
enabling licenses
The HART Application, Device Configuration Management, and
Graphics are licensed in all 475 Field Communicators, but other
functionality requires a license. Renew or add licenses anytime at your
site by using the Online Licensing feature in the Field Communicator
Easy Upgrade Utility. Only the Easy Upgrade license needs to be
renewed.
34
Learning the basics
Viewing current licenses
To view the current licenses and the Easy Upgrade expiration date in
your 475 Field Communicator, tap the Settings icon from the Field
Communicator Main Menu. Then tap the Licenses icon.
The Easy Upgrade Utility can also display all licensing information from
the Licensing & Registration window or Upgrade window. A 475 Field
Communicator must be connected to view licensing information from
the Upgrade window.
Purchasing and downloading new licenses
You can select and enable new licenses for a 475 Field Communicator
from your site. There are four basic steps to obtain new licenses:
1.Register your 475 Field Communicator by connecting it to the Easy
Upgrade Utility and logging in to the Licensing & Registration
window.
2.Select the licenses to purchase and note the appropriate part
numbers. You can select licenses for multiple Field Communicators
at one time.
3.Submit a purchase order to your sales representative.You are
notified when your order has been processed and the licenses are
available for download.
4.Connect the 475 Field Communicator to the Easy Upgrade Utility,
and use the Licensing & Registration window to enable the
purchased licenses.
See the Easy Upgrade Utility Help for more information on selecting
and enabling licenses.
You can send your 475 Field Communicator to a service center to have
a technician enable licenses for you. Contact your sales representative
for more information.
SCRATCHPAD
ScratchPad is a text editor that you can use to create, open, edit, and
save simple text (.txt) documents. ScratchPad supports very basic
formatting. From the Field Communicator Main Menu, tap the
ScratchPad icon to run the application. You can also launch
ScratchPad from within the HART or Fieldbus Application by tapping
the ScratchPad ( ) icon in the upper right corner of the window.
You can transfer text files between a PC and the 475 Field
Communicator using the Field Communicator Easy Upgrade Utility.
NOTE
The Power key, standby timer, and auto-off timer are disabled when
the ScratchPad application is open.
Learning the basics
Creating a new document
35
From the Main Page in ScratchPad, tap NEW. An empty text window
and SIP keyboard appears. See Figure 2-8. You are now ready to
enter text into your new document.
A new document can also be created within ScratchPad by tapping the
New ( ) icon in the toolbar or by selecting File | New from the menu.
Figure 2-8. ScratchPad displaying the SIP keyboard
Opening an existing
document
1.From the Main Page in ScratchPad, select the desired file located
under File Name.
2.Tap OPEN. A text window and the SIP keyboard appears. You are
now ready to edit your document.
You can also open a document by selecting File | Open from the menu
bar or by tapping the Open ( ) icon in the toolbar.
Entering text
Using the stylus, tap the desired letters from the SIP keyboard. Using
the keypad, press the desired keypad button in quick repetitions to
display the appropriate letter or number.
Selecting text
Drag the stylus over the desired text to highlight or to select all of the
text in the document tap Edit | Select All.
Cutting text
1.Select the text to be cut.
2.Tap Edit | Cut.
You can also cut text by selecting text and tapping the Cut (
the toolbar.
) icon in
Copying text
1.Select the text to be copied.
2.Tap Edit | Copy.
You can also copy text by selecting text and tapping the Copy (
icon in the toolbar.
)
36
Learning the basics
Pasting text
1.Copy the text to be pasted.
2.Tap a location on the screen. This is where the text will be pasted.
3.Tap Edit | Paste.
You can also paste text by copying the text and tapping the Paste ( )
icon in the toolbar.
Saving a document
1.In your document, tap File | Save.
2.Type the file name in the dialog box if your document is new.
3.Tap OK.
You can also save a document by tapping the Save ( ) icon in the
toolbar.
Saving a copy
To save a copy of the current document under another name:
1.In your document, tap File | Save As...
2.Type the copy file name in the dialog box.
3.Tap OK.
Deleting a document
There are three options for deleting a ScratchPad document:
Option 1
1.From the Main Page in ScratchPad, select the file to be deleted.
2.Tap DELETE.
3.A warning appears telling you that the selected file will be
permanently deleted. If you are sure you want to delete this file, tap
Yes.
Option 2
1.To delete from your document, tap File | Delete.
2.From the Delete File Page, tap the desired file to be deleted.
3.Tap OK.
4.A warning appears telling you that the selected file will be
permanently deleted. If you are sure you want to delete this file, tap
Yes.
5.Tap EXIT when you are finished deleting files.
Option 3
Delete the .txt file using the Easy Upgrade Utility. See the Easy
Upgrade Utility Help for more information on deleting a User Data file.
Exiting
1.In your document, tap File | Exit.
2.Tap the EXIT button from the Main Page.
Learning the basics
VALVELINK MOBILE
37
ValveLink Mobile lets you configure, calibrate, and troubleshoot Fisher
digital valve controllers (DVC) through an easy-to-use, graphical
interface.To open ValveLink Mobile, tap the ValveLink Mobile icon
from the Field Communicator Main Menu. The Field Communicator
must have a 1 GB or larger System Card and a valid Easy Upgrade
license to open ValveLink Mobile.
Use the leadset to connect to the DVC and run the desired diagnostics
or operations. See the ValveLink Mobile documentation at
www.fieldcommunicator.com for more information about the
functionality.
Upgrades to ValveLink Mobile are included with the Field
Communicator system software updates. Use the Easy Upgrade Utility
to download updates from the Internet to your PC and then transfer
them to your Field Communicator. A card reader may be required.
NOTE
The standby timer and auto-off timer are disabled when ValveLink
Mobile is open.
MAINTENANCE
Any maintenance, repair, or replacement of components not listed
below must be performed by specially trained personnel at authorized
service centers. You can perform common maintenance procedures
on the 475 Field Communicator, as described below:
• Cleaning the exterior. Use only a dry, lint-free towel or dampen the
towel with a mild soap and water solution.
• Charging, removing, and replacing the battery.
• Removing and replacing the System Card.
• Removing and replacing the stand.
• Ensuring that all exterior screws are sufficiently tightened.
• Ensuring that the communication terminal recess is free of dirt and
debris (does not require disassembly).
Running a self test
There is no need, nor is it possible, to perform a manual self test with
the 475 Field Communicator. Testing features are done automatically.
A warning message appears if a fault condition is found during these
tests.
Calibrating
It is not necessary or possible to calibrate the 475 Field Communicator.
The 475 Field Communicator is a communication interface that
communicates digitally with HART and FOUNDATION fieldbus devices.
Voltage measurements made by the 475 Field Communicator are for
use in detection of power or noise on a network, and are for reference
purposes only. NIST standards are not applicable to the 475 Field
Communicator.
38
Learning the basics
475 FIELD COMMUNICATOR
SECTION 3
HART FUNCTIONALITY
OVERVIEW
This section provides instruction on basic HART functionality in the 475
Field Communicator. It is based on the operation of the HART
Application version 6.1.
SAFETY MESSAGES
Procedures and instructions in this section may require special
precautions to ensure the safety of the personnel performing the
operation. Information that raises potential safety issues is indicated by
a warning symbol ( ). Refer to the safety messages before
performing an operation preceded by this symbol. Other warning
messages can be found in the “Troubleshooting” section of this
manual.
WARNING
If you choose to ignore all field device status messages, every
message, regardless of severity, is ignored until the specified
number of messages is reached. See “Ignoring status messages”
on page 55 for more information.
WARNING
Voltage measurements are for reference purposes only. Do not
make critical process control decisions based on these
measurements.
www.fieldcommunicator.com
40
HART functionality
BASIC FEATURES AND
FUNCTIONS
HART Application
functionality
The HART Application lets you communicate with and configure HART
devices that are connected to the 475 Field Communicator. You can
also create and edit configurations and run diagnostics.
Using a fast key sequence
A fast key sequence is a sequence of numerical button presses,
corresponding to the menu options that lead you to a given task. See
your device documentation for fast key sequence options.
STARTING THE HART
APPLICATION
To start the HART Application:
1.Press and hold the Power key until the green light on that key blinks
to turn on the 475 Field Communicator.
2.Tap
from the Field Communicator Main Menu. If a live HART
device is connected to the 475 Field Communicator, the HART
Application Online menu appears automatically. If a device is not
connected, the HART Application main menu appears after a few
seconds. See Figure 3-1.
To return to the Field Communicator Main Menu, press the left arrow
key on the keypad or tap the back arrow on the window. Select Yes
when prompted if you want to exit the HART Application.
From the HART Application main menu, you can choose Offline,
Online, Utility, or HART Diagnostics functions. The rest of this
section guides you through the HART Application menus and
functions.
Figure 3-1. HART Application Main Menu
HART functionality
41
WORKING WITH OFFLINE
CONFIGURATIONS
The Offline menu lets you create offline configurations and view and
change configurations stored in the 475 Field Communicator.
There are two types of HART configurations: device configurations and
user configurations. A device configuration is created from a
connected, online HART device. A user configuration is created offline
or transferred to a 475 Field Communicator from another program.
Editing a device configuration within the 475 Field Communicator
changes it to a user configuration.
The concept of partial or standard configurations does not apply to the
475 Field Communicator. All configurations are full configurations.
Creating a new
configuration
Creating a new configuration lets you create a user configuration for a
specific device type and revision.
To create a new HART configuration while working offline:
1.From the HART Application main menu, double-tap Offline.
2.Double-tap New Configuration. The manufacturer names of the
installed device descriptions are listed.
3.Double-tap the desired manufacturer to expand the list. The models
available for the manufacturer are listed.
4.Double-tap the desired device model to expand the list. The device
revisions available for the selected device model are listed.
5.Double-tap the desired device revision.
6.If a warning appears, thoroughly read the warning, tap CONT to
accept the warning and proceed, or tap EXIT.
7.Mark (select) the configurable variables you want sent to the device;
unmarked variables are not included when the configuration is
transferred to a device. Double-tap Mark all | OK to have all
variables marked. Double-tap Unmark all | OK to clear the marks
from all variables. If a variable cannot be marked, an error message
appears.
To mark and edit variables individually:
a.Double-tap Edit individually.
b.Scroll through the list of variables and select the variable you want
to mark or edit.
c.To change the value for the selected variable, tap EDIT, change the
value, and tap ENTER. A “*” symbol appears next to the variable
name and the value is highlighted yellow to indicate the change
has not been saved.
To mark the selected variable, tap MARK. A “+” symbol appears
next to the value.
d.Repeat these steps for other variables as necessary and tap EXIT
when you are finished.
8.To save the configuration, double-tap Save as. (The SAVE button
brings you to the Save as menu.)
42
HART functionality
a.To change the location where the configuration is saved,
double-tap Location, select an option, and tap ENTER.
b.To specify a name for the configuration, double-tap Name, enter
the name, and tap ENTER.
c.Tap SAVE.
Opening a saved
configuration
A saved configuration lets you edit, copy, send, delete, or rename it.
You can also compare it to other saved configurations.
To open a saved configuration:
1.From the HART Application main menu, double-tap Offline.
2.Double-tap Saved Configuration.
3.Double-tap the storage location where you saved the configuration.
The FILTR button opens a menu that provides both sort and tag filter
options. These options let you customize your view of saved
configurations.
• The Sort option lets you group and display configurations
according to your choice of configuration name, device tag, or
device descriptor.
• The Filter option lets you limit which configurations are displayed
by picking specific characters from the configuration name, device
tag, or device descriptor.
When setting up a filter, you can use two special characters: the
period (.) and the asterisk (*). The period replaces a single
character of any value. The asterisk replaces a string of
characters.
For example, if you want to list all configurations that have a name
of P - 001 to P - 300, enter “P - *” in the filter. If you want to list
configurations with a name that begins P - 0 and ends with a 7, set
the filter to “P - 0.7”. The period will replace only one character
between the 0 and 7.
The XPAND button lets you view the configuration name, device tag,
manufacturer, device type, device revision, descriptor, and the
configuration type. Tap CMPRS to return to the previous window.
4.Double-tap the desired configuration to open the Saved
Configuration menu.
Editing a saved configuration
The Edit option lets you edit a saved configuration while working
offline.
To edit a saved configuration:
1.Open a saved configuration. See “Opening a saved configuration”.
2.Double-tap Edit from the Saved Configuration menu.
3.If a warning appears, thoroughly read the warning, tap CONT to
accept the warning and proceed, or tap EXIT to end this operation.
4.Mark (select) the configurable variables you want sent to the device;
unmarked variables are not included when the configuration is
transferred to a device. Double-tap Mark all | OK to have all
HART functionality
43
variables marked. Double-tap Unmark all | OK to clear the marks
from all variables.
To mark and edit variables individually:
a.Double-tap Edit individually.
b.Scroll through the list of variables and select the variable you want
to mark or edit. To change the value for the selected variable, tap
EDIT, change the value, and tap ENTER. A “*” symbol appears
next to the variable name and the value is highlighted yellow to
indicate the change has not been saved.To mark the selected
variable, tap MARK. A “+” symbol appears next to the value.
c.Repeat these steps for other variables as necessary.
d.Tap Exit.
5.Tap SAVE.
Copying a saved configuration
The Copy to option lets you copy a saved configuration to a new
storage location in the 475 Field Communicator.
To copy a saved configuration:
1.Open a saved configuration. See “Opening a saved configuration” on
page 42.
2.Double-tap Copy to from the Saved Configuration menu.
3.Double-tap Location and select the new storage location to which
you want to save the configuration, and tap ENTER.
4.Double-tap Name, enter the name for the copy of this configuration,
and tap ENTER.
5.Tap SAVE to copy the configuration to a new location.
Sending a saved configuration to a connected device
The Send option lets you send the open configuration to a connected
device. From the Saved Configuration menu, double-tap Send. The
475 Field Communicator sends the configuration to a connected
device that is compatible with the configuration.
Deleting a saved configuration
The Delete option lets you remove saved configurations one at a time.
To delete a configuration from the 475 Field Communicator storage:
1.Open a saved configuration. See “Opening a saved configuration” on
page 42.
2.Double-tap Delete from the Saved Configuration menu.
3.Tap Yes to confirm the deletion. Tap No to cancel.
44
HART functionality
Renaming a saved configuration
The Rename option lets you change the name of a saved
configuration.
To rename a saved configuration:
1.Open a saved configuration. See “Opening a saved configuration” on
page 42.
2.Double-tap Rename from the Saved Configuration menu.
3.Double-tap the file you want to rename.
4.Enter the new file name and tap ENTER.
5.Tap SAVE.
Comparing two saved configurations
Any two configurations can be compared. A message appears
indicating if differences exist, but the specific differences are not
displayed.
To compare two saved configurations:
1.Open a saved configuration. See “Opening a saved configuration” on
page 42.
2.Double-tap Compare from the Saved Configuration menu.
3.Double-tap Location and select the storage location containing the
other configuration that will be used in this comparison and tap
ENTER.
4.Double-tap Name to select the desired file to compare.
5.Tap COMP to compare the configurations.
6.Tap OK when you are finished.
Transferring
configurations to a PC
application
You can transfer configurations (.hcf files) from the 475 Field
Communicator to AMS Device Manager or the Field Communicator
Easy Upgrade Utility. After you transfer the configuration, you can
perform different operations depending on the application used.
AMS Device Manager
Use AMS Device Manager to open, edit, compare, and transfer saved
configurations. A Handheld or Field Communicator Interface kit for
AMS Device Manager (version 6.2 or higher) lets you use the 475 Field
Communicator with AMS Device Manager.
If the System Card does not appear as a storage location in AMS
Device Manager, copy the configurations from the System Card into
the Internal Flash in the 475 Field Communicator before connecting to
AMS Device Manager. See “Copying a saved configuration” on page
43 for instructions. Then access the Internal Flash location to open,
edit, and save the configurations in AMS Device Manager. See the
AMS Device Manager Books Online for more information on
connecting and transferring configurations.
HART functionality
45
Field Communicator Easy Upgrade Utility
Use the Easy Upgrade Utility to back up, transfer, and print the
configurations saved in your 475 Field Communicator. See the Easy
Upgrade Utility Help for more information about connecting and
transferring configurations.
WORKING ONLINE WITH
HART DEVICES
Connecting to a HART
device
The 475 Field Communicator can communicate with a device from the
control room, on the bench, or any wiring termination point in the loop.
Connect the 475 Field Communicator with the appropriate connectors
in parallel with the device or load resistor. The HART connectors are
not polarity sensitive.
A minimum of 250 ohms resistance must be present in the HART loop
for the 475 Field Communicator to function properly. For information
about Intrinsically Safe connections, see Appendix B.
HART communication terminals
Three terminals for the lead set are on the top of the 475 Field
Communicator. Each red terminal is a positive connection for its
protocol. The black terminal is a common terminal shared by both
protocols. An access door ensures only one pair of terminals is
exposed at any one time; see Figure 3-2. Several markings indicate
which pair of terminals is for which protocol.
Figure 3-2. HART communication terminals and access door
Access door
Communication terminals
HART communication terminal markings
NOTE
The lead set must be used to communicate with a wired or wireless
device. The 475 Field Communicator cannot communicate wirelessly
with devices.
46
HART functionality
Wiring diagrams
Figure 3-3 shows how to connect the 475 Field Communicator to a
HART loop.
Figure 3-3. Connecting to a HART loop
HART device
RL≥250Ω
+
-
-
+
+
+
mA
+ -
+
Power supply
-
-
Current
meter
Figure 3-4 shows how to connect the 475 Field Communicator directly
to the terminals of a HART device.
Figure 3-4. Connecting directly to a HART device
HART device
+
+ -
RL≥250Ω
+
mA
- +
+
+
Power supply
-
-
Current
meter
Figure 3-5 shows how to connect the optional 250 ohm resistor.
Attaching a resistor is necessary if less than 250 ohms resistance is
present in the HART loop.
HART functionality
47
Figure 3-5. Connecting with a 250 Ohm resistor
HART device
+
Power
supply
–
+
–
Optional
250-Ohm load
resistor
To temporarily install the optional 250 ohm load resistor:
1.Insert the load resistor into the lead set jacks.
2.Open the loop to allow connection of the resistor in series in the loop.
3.Close the loop using the lead set connectors.
Figure 3-6 shows how to connect the 475 Field Communicator directly
to the communication terminals on a wireless device.
Figure 3-6. Connecting to a wireless device
Wireless device
Battery
Communication terminals
48
Displaying the connected
HART devices
HART functionality
After the device is connected, tap
from the Field Communicator
Main Menu. The HART Application automatically polls for connected
devices using the selected polling options. See “Changing the HART
polling options” on page 53 for information on modifying these options.
NOTE
Communication errors, such as a device appearing at multiple
addresses, can occur when polling addresses greater than 15 on a
loop with both HART Universal Revision 5 or earlier and HART
Universal Revision 6 or higher devices.
For many devices, an Online menu similar to Figure 3-7 is the first
menu to appear when connected to a HART device and is the root
menu for the device. This menu displays critical, up-to-date process
information that is continuously updated, including device setup,
primary variable (PV), analog output (AO), PV lower range value
(LRV), and PV upper range value (URV).
Depending on the device description, the first online screen may be a
standard HART menu or a Device Dashboard menu. A Device
Dashboard menu displays the same parameters, but they are
organized by task. Options such as Overview, Configure, Service
Tools, and Advanced may appear. See your device documentation for
more information on these menus.
NOTE
Dynamic variables shown while online represent the digital data being
sent from the device.
Figure 3-7. HART Online Menu and Device Dashboard Online Menu
Because the Online menu displays important information, some
submenus display the HOME button to return you to the HART Online
menu.
HART functionality
The HART icon
49
A beating HART icon appears at the top of the window when the 475
Field Communicator is communicating with a device. See the table
below for the icons and their meanings.
Table 3-1. HART icons
Icon
Meaning
The 475 Field Communicator is communicating with a live,
online HART device.
The 475 Field Communicator is communicating with a HART
loop with a device in burst mode.
The 475 Field Communicator is running in shout/deaf mode,
which helps the 475 communicate with a device when it is on
a noisy loop.
The 475 Field Communicator is running in shout/deaf mode
and communicating to a HART loop with a device in burst
mode.
Communication is not occurring. This is common when only
non-dynamic parameters are listed.
Saving a device
configuration
When you save a configuration from a connected device, it is saved as
a device configuration. You can save only 25 configurations to the
Internal Flash.
To save the configuration in the connected device:
1.Ensure the 475 Field Communicator is connected to a HART loop or
directly to the device and turn on the 475 Field Communicator.
2.Tap
from the Field Communicator Main Menu. A HART Online
menu appears.
3.Tap Save. The Save button will not appear if you have already saved
the configuration while connected to the device. You may need to
make a change to the configuration or disconnect and then
reconnect to the device to resave.
a.To set the location where the configuration will be saved,
double-tap Location, select an option, and tap ENTER.
b.To specify a name for the configuration, double-tap Name, enter
the name, and tap ENTER.
4.Tap Save. If the configuration already exists, a message appears.
Tap YES to overwrite the older version with the new version, or tap
NO to return to the Save as window.
50
Displaying Device Setup
options
HART functionality
The Device Setup on the HART Online menu accesses every
configurable parameter for the connected device. Some devices may
not display a Device Setup menu. Check your device documentation
for more information. Double-tap Device setup to view the process
variables, diagnostics and service, basic setup, detailed setup, and
review menus.
Process Variables
The Process Variables menu lists all process variables and their
values. Process variables are continuously updated when this window
is displayed.
Diagnostics and Service
The Diagnostics and Service menu offers device and loop tests as well
as calibration options. The diagnostics and service operations that are
available vary widely from device to device and are defined in the
device description.
The Test device menu lists the status as well as self and master test of
the device. Test device initiates a diagnostic routine at the device and
can report an electronics failure, as well as other failures that can
affect performance.
Loop test is used to set the output of the device at a specified analog
value, and may be used to test the integrity of the loop and the
operation of indicators, recorders, or similar devices in the loop.
Calibration is used to perform such operations as performing a sensor
trim, D/A trim, and scaled D/A trim.
Basic setup
The Basic setup menu provides quick access to a number of
configurable parameters including tag, unit, range values, and
damping.
The options available in the Basic setup menu are the most
fundamental tasks that can be performed with a device. These tasks
are a subset of the options available under the Detailed setup menu.
The Tag identifies a specific device. Changing the unit option affects
the engineering units that are displayed. Changing range values
modifies the analog output scaling. Changing damping affects the
response time of the transmitter and is often used to smooth the output
when there are rapid input variations.
A modified parameter is highlighted yellow and an asterisk appears to
indicate the change has not been sent to the device. Tap Send to
update the device.
HART functionality
51
Figure 3-8. Modified parameter example
Detailed setup
The Detailed setup menu provides access to every editable device
parameter and all device functions. The Detailed setup menu varies
widely from one HART device to another. Functions in this menu can
include tasks such as characterization, configuration, and sensor and
output trims.
Review
The Review menu lists all of the static parameters read from the
connected device, including information about the device and sensor
setup and limitations. It also may include information about the
connected device such as tag, materials of construction, and device
software revision.
Displaying Graphics
The HART Application offers graphical views of device data by using
the enhanced Electronic Device Description Language (EDDL)
technology. Device data can be presented as images, charts, and
graphs. These options appear as items in the HART Online menu and
its submenus. The placement of the graphics in the menus varies from
device to device because it is determined by the device manufacturer.
To view the graphical representations, you need a device using an
enhanced device description. Only devices using an enhanced EDDL
device description offer graphical representations of data. See
Appendix C for more information about the Graphics functionality.
52
HART functionality
CONFIGURING THE HART
APPLICATION
Using hot keys
Setting up hot key options
The Hot key menu is a user-definable menu that can store shortcuts
for up to 20 of your most frequently performed tasks. For example, if
you change device tags and damping often, you can add options for
these functions to the Hot key menu for quick access. The Hot key
automatically appears in the toolbar when you are working online. Hot
keys created from generic DDs are not saved.
To add a custom option to the Hot key menu:
1.Connect to a HART device.
.
2.From the Field Communicator Main Menu, tap
3.From the HART Online Menu or any of the submenus, select the
option you want to add to the Hot key menu.
4.Tap and hold the Hot key ( ). The Hotkey Configuration window
shows the new option you are adding.
5.Tap ADD.
6.Tap ALL to add the Hot key option for all device types, or tap ONE to
add the Hot key option for only the device type to which you are
currently connected.
7.If the message “Mark as read only variable on hotkey menu”
appears, choose one of the following:
• YES: The variable for this option is read-only. You can view but not
change its value.
• NO: You can view and change the value for this variable.
8.Respond to the message “Display value of variable on hotkey
menu?” by choosing one of the following:
• YES: The value of this variable appears on the Hot key menu.
• NO: The Hot Key menu shows the name of the variable but not its
value.
9.Tap the EXIT button on the Hotkey Configuration window to return to
the original menu. The new option is added to the Hot key menu.
Using a hot key option
You can access the Hot key menu from any online window.
To use a Hot key option:
1.Connect the 475 Field Communicator to a HART loop or device.
.
2.From the Field Communicator Main Menu, tap
3.Tap the Hot key (
) from an online menu.
4.Double-tap the desired option from the Hot key menu.
HART functionality
53
Removing a hot key option
To remove individual Hot key options:
1.Tap and hold the Hot key ( ). The Hotkey Configuration window
appears.
2.Tap the menu option you want to remove.
NOTE
Some options are predefined and cannot be removed from the Hot key
menu. These options vary depending on the device type.
3.Tap DEL.
4.When you are done, tap EXIT to close the Hotkey Configuration
window.
Removing all hot key options
To remove all Hot key options currently defined:
1.From the HART Application main menu, double-tap Utility.
2.Double-tap Configure HART Application.
3.Double-tap Storage Cleanup.
4.Double-tap Hotkey Menu.
5.Tap YES if you are sure you want to delete all the items from the Hot
key menu. Tap NO to return to the Storage Cleanup menu.
Changing the HART
polling options
Use the HART Polling Options to configure your 475 Field Communicator
to automatically search for all or specific connected devices. Most HART
device installations contain one device per loop and the device address is
zero. Refer to your device manual for more information about changing
a device polling address.
To have more than one device per loop, wire the devices in parallel
and place into “Multidrop” mode. This mode is enabled by changing
the address from zero to any address between 1-63. After the mode is
enabled, the analog output of each device is fixed and no longer
represents any variable.
NOTE
Communication errors, such as a device appearing at multiple
addresses, can occur when polling addresses greater than 15 on a
loop with both HART Universal Revision 5 or earlier and HART
Universal Revision 6 or higher devices.
54
HART functionality
To change the polling option:
1.From the HART Application main menu, double-tap Utility.
2.Double-tap Configure HART Application.
3.Double-tap Polling Options. Select one of the following polling
options:
• Poll By Address - Lets you poll for devices at the specified
addresses. Tap Enter and then double-tap Polling Addresses
from the Configure HART Application window to select addresses
to poll. (This option appears only when Poll By Address is
selected.) Select one of the following options from the Polling
Addresses menu:
Table 3-2. Options in the Polling Addresses menu
Polling
Addresses
Recommended Use
0
Poll non multi-dropped loops.
0-15
Poll HART Universal Revision 5 or earlier devices
on multi-dropped loops.
0-63
Poll HART Universal Revision 6 or newer devices
on multi-dropped loops.
63
Poll the default address for WirelessHART
adapters.
Custom Range
Poll a unique or non-consecutive group of
addresses (example: “0, 5-7, 12”). Use a hyphen
to specify consecutive addresses and/or a comma
to separate numbers or groups of numbers.
• Poll Using Tag - Lets you enter and poll by the tag of the device.
You are prompted to enter a tag when the HART Application
starts.
• Poll Using Long Tag - Lets you enter and poll by the long tag of
the device. (Only supported in HART Universal Revision 6 or
higher devices.) You are prompted to enter a tag when the HART
Application starts.
• Poll Using Unique ID - Lets you poll using the device’s unique ID.
For HART Universal Revision 7 devices, the unique ID is the
expanded device type, a hyphen, and the device ID. For HART
Universal Revision 6 and earlier devices, the unique ID is the
manufacturer ID, the device type, a hyphen, and the device ID.
You are prompted to enter a unique ID when the HART Application
starts.
4.Tap Enter.
HART functionality
Ignoring status messages
55
The 475 Field Communicator displays status messages from the
connected HART device. The Ignore Status option lets you specify the
number of device status messages that are not displayed, extending
the time between displayed messages. The default is 50 messages
and it is reset to this value after you close the HART Application.
NOTE
If you choose to ignore all device status messages, every message,
regardless of severity, is ignored until the specified number of
messages is reached.
To change the number of ignored status messages:
1.From the HART Application main menu, double-tap Utility.
2.Double-tap Configure HART Application.
3.Double-tap Ignore Status.
4.Enter the number of status messages you want ignored before the
next message appears. You can specify a number from 50 to 500.
5.Tap ENTER. All device status messages are ignored until the
quantity specified is reached.
Displaying the HART short The HART Tag menu lets you select the HART short or long tag to
display in the menu title for HART Universal Revision 6 or higher
tag or long tag in a menu
devices. The short tag can have up to 8 characters, and the long tag
title
can have up to 32 characters. These tags can be edited at any time. If
the long tag does not fit on the window, an ellipsis is shown at the end
of the tag. Tap and hold the ellipsis to see the full tag name.
The location of these parameters in the Online menu varies from
device to device because it is determined by the device manufacturer.
To select a HART tag for the menu title:
1.From the HART Application main menu, double-tap Utility.
2.Double-tap Configure HART Application.
3.Double-tap HART Tag.
4.Tap Show Long Tag to display the HART long tag, or tap Show
Short Tag to display the HART short tag.
5.Tap ENTER. The 475 Field Communicator continues to use the
option you selected until you change the setting.
Storage Cleanup
The Storage Cleanup menu lets you delete the following items:
• Internal Flash - Tap YES to delete all configurations in the Internal
Flash. Tap No to cancel.
• System Card - Tap YES to delete all configurations in the System
Card. Tap No to cancel.
• Hotkey Menu - Tap YES to delete all items from the Hot key menu.
Tap No to cancel.
56
Viewing available device
descriptions
HART functionality
The Available Device Descriptions menu lets you view all the device
descriptions in the 475 Field Communicator. HART device descriptions
enable the 475 Field Communicator to recognize and configure
specific HART devices. Use the Field Communicator Easy Upgrade
Utility to download or import new device descriptions and then transfer
them to your 475 Field Communicator. See the Easy Upgrade Utility
Help more information.
To view the currently installed HART device descriptions:
1.From the HART Application main menu, double-tap Utility.
2.Double-tap Available Device Descriptions. The manufacturer
names of the installed device descriptions are listed.
3.Double-tap the desired device manufacturer to expand the list. The
models available for the manufacturer are listed.
4.Double-tap the desired device model. The device revisions available
for the selected model are listed. One of the icons below appears
next to each device description to indicate its status.
Table 3-3. Device description icons
Icon
Meaning
The device description has been tested with the system
software version in the 475 Field Communicator.
The device description has not been formally tested for use
with the system software version in the 475 Field
Communicator. The device description can be used, but you
may experience unexpected results.
The device description is incompatible and cannot be used
with the system software version in the 475 Field
Communicator. You need to transfer a different version of this
device description to the 475 Field Communicator.
Simulating an online
connection to a HART
device
The 475 Field Communicator has a simulation mode that lets you
simulate an online connection to a HART device without actually
connecting to a device. Simulation mode is a training tool that helps
you become familiar with devices before configuring them in a critical
environment. A simulated configuration cannot be saved. Not all
device descriptions have been optimized to run under simulation. The
HART Application will close to the Field Communicator Main Menu if
the device cannot be simulated.
To simulate a connection to a HART device:
1.From the HART Application main menu, double-tap Utility.
2.Double-tap Simulation. The manufacturers with device descriptions
installed in the 475 Field Communicator are listed.
3.Double-tap the desired manufacturer to expand the list. The models
available for the manufacturer are listed.
HART functionality
57
4.Double-tap the desired model to expand the list. The device
revisions available for the selected model are listed.
5.Double-tap the desired device revision. Refer to the device manual
to determine the device revision.
6.If a warning appears, thoroughly read the warning, tap CONT to
accept the warning and proceed, or tap EXIT to return to the Utility
menu. (This warning does not appear if your device is tested.) The
Online menu for the simulated device appears.
You can now use the 475 Field Communicator as if it were
connected to the selected device and perform any online task.
RUNNING HART
DIAGNOSTICS
DC voltage measurement
(HART terminals)
The HART DC voltage measurement takes a voltage reading at the
HART connector and displays it in the window.
To check the device voltage:
1.From the HART Application main menu, double-tap HART
Diagnostics.
2.Double-tap DC Voltage Measurement. The DC voltage
measurement appears.
3.Tap OK when you are finished viewing the measurement. To refresh
the window, double-tap DC Voltage Measurement from the HART
Diagnostics menu.
CAUTION
Voltage measurements are for reference purposes only. Do not make
critical process control decisions based upon these measurements.
DISCONNECTING FROM A
HART DEVICE
Prior to disconnecting the 475 Field Communicator from a HART
device, check the following items:
• Determine if you want to save a configuration.
• Verify methods, such as calibration or loop test, are complete.
• Resolve any un-sent data to the device.
58
HART functionality
475 FIELD COMMUNICATOR
SECTION 4
FIELDBUS FUNCTIONALITY
OVERVIEW
This section provides instruction on basic fieldbus functionality in the
475 Field Communicator. It is based on the operation of the Fieldbus
Application version 6.1.
SAFETY MESSAGES
Procedures and instructions in this section may require special
precautions to ensure the safety of the personnel performing the
operation. Information that raises potential safety issues is indicated by
a warning symbol ( ). Refer to the safety messages before
performing an operation preceded by this symbol. Other warning
messages can be found in the Troubleshooting section of this manual.
WARNING
If a segment is connected to a host system, the changes made
with the 475 Field Communicator may not be recorded in the host
system’s permanent database. Verify the changes in the database.
Otherwise, this could cause unpredictable results and, depending
upon your application, process disruption leading to property
damage, serious injury, or death. Ensure all safety precautions and
work procedures have been followed.
WARNING
Changing device parameters could adversely affect the control of
your process. Put the control loop in Manual/Out of Service before
applying changes. Verify the output before returning the control
loop to Auto. Failure to do so could result in property damage,
serious injury, or death. Ensure all safety precautions and work
procedures have been followed.
WARNING
The 475 Field Communicator draws approximately 12 mA from the
fieldbus segment. Be sure the power supply or barrier on the
fieldbus segment has the capacity to provide this additional
current. If a heavily loaded fieldbus segment is drawing near the
capacity of the segment’s power supply, connecting the 475 Field
Communicator may result in loss of communication.
www.fieldcommunicator.com
60
Fieldbus functionality
BASIC FEATURES AND
FUNCTIONS
Fieldbus Application
functionality
The Fieldbus Application lets you communicate with connected
fieldbus devices, modify settings for the application, and run
diagnostics. Your 475 Field Communicator must be licensed for
FOUNDATION Fieldbus to run this application. See your sales
representative or the Online Licensing feature in the Field
Communicator Easy Upgrade Utility to purchase this license.
Link Active Scheduler
(LAS)
All segments have only one Link Active Scheduler (LAS). The LAS
operates as the bus arbiter for the segment. The 475 Field
Communicator is set up to always be the last node to become the LAS
on a segment.
The devices that are capable of becoming the LAS are called link
master devices. All other devices are referred to as basic devices. You
can set a device to be a link master or basic device using the 475 Field
Communicator. See “Setting the device to be a Link Master or Basic
device” on page 74 for more information.
When a segment first starts up, or upon failure of the existing LAS, the
link master devices on the segment bid to become the LAS. The link
master that wins the bid (the one with the lowest address) begins
operating as the LAS immediately upon completion of the bidding
process. Link masters that do not become the LAS can act as LAS
backups by monitoring the segment for failure of the LAS and then
bidding to become the LAS when a LAS failure is detected.
Although the 475 Field Communicator is capable of becoming the LAS,
it does not maintain the communication schedule and should not be
thought of as a backup LAS.
Only one device can communicate at a time. Permission to
communicate on the bus is controlled by a centralized token passed
between devices by the LAS. Only the device with the token can
communicate. The LAS maintains a list of all devices that need access
to the bus. This list is called the Live Device List; see “Displaying the
connected fieldbus devices” on page 65.
LAS hierarchy
When a 475 Field Communicator is connected to a live fieldbus
segment, it joins the fieldbus segment but not as the LAS. This means
the 475 Field Communicator can view and edit device parameters, but
the control of the segment is still handled by the node that is
designated the LAS for the segment. You can also read and write if
there is another LAS. Prior to connecting to a host system, review the
475 Field Communicator Host System Interoperability on
www.fieldcommunicator.com.
Fieldbus functionality
STARTING THE FIELDBUS
APPLICATION
61
A general warning message may appear upon starting the Fieldbus
Application when a LAS is detected on the segment. Tap YES to go to
the Live Device List, NO to return to the Field Communicator Main
Menu, or HELP to get more information on the warning.
To start the Fieldbus Application:
1.Press and hold the Power Key until the green light on that key blinks
to turn on the 475 Field Communicator.
2.Tap
from the Field Communicator Main Menu. If a live fieldbus
device is connected to the 475 Field Communicator, the Fieldbus
Application main menu briefly appears followed by the Live Device
List. Figure 4-1 shows the Fieldbus Application main menu.
If insufficient voltage is detected, a warning message appears. Tap
OK to go to the Fieldbus Application main menu.
Figure 4-1. Fieldbus Application Main Menu
A connection warning message may appear if no communication is
detected. This means that a LAS is not recognized by the 475 Field
Communicator. This typically occurs when connecting to a single
device.
To go back to the Field Communicator Main Menu, tap the back
arrow button or press the left arrow key on the keypad.
From the Fieldbus Application main menu, you can choose Online,
Utility, or Fieldbus Diagnostic functions. The rest of this section
guides you through the Fieldbus Application menus and functions.
WORKING ONLINE WITH
FIELDBUS DEVICES
The online menus display data for the device to which you are
connected, and they display critical, up-to-date process information,
including the segment Live Device List, Block Lists, Device Dashboard
menus, and parameter information.
NOTE
It is normal for processes to take longer the greater the amount of
scheduled communication. This is influenced by the number of devices
and the control methods in place.
62
Connecting to a fieldbus
device
Fieldbus functionality
Connect the 475 Field Communicator by using the lead set with the
appropriate connectors in parallel with the device. Due to
measurement circuitry, the 475 Field Communicator fieldbus
connectors on the communication terminals are polarity sensitive. An
error message appears if the lead set is connected incorrectly.
For information about Intrinsically Safe connections, see Appendix B.
NOTE
Dynamic variables shown while online represent the digital data being
sent from the device.
Digital communication is susceptible to electrical noise; follow proper
wiring instructions.
Fieldbus communication terminals
Three terminals for the lead set are on the top of the 475 Field
Communicator. Each red terminal is a positive connection for its
protocol. The black terminal is a common terminal shared by both
protocols. An access door ensures only one pair of terminals is
exposed at any one time; see Figure 4-2. Several markings indicate
which pair of terminals is for which protocol.
Figure 4-2. Fieldbus communication terminals and access door
Communication terminals
Access door
Fieldbus communication terminal markings
Fieldbus functionality
63
Bench hook-up
Figure 4-3 illustrates one method of connecting the 475 Field
Communicator on a bench.
For segments that are limited in size, the power conditioner and
terminators can be contained in a single wiring block.
Figure 4-3. Bench wiring diagram example
T
e
r
m
i
n
a
t
o
r
Connection
block
+
+
-
+-
T
e
r
m
i
n
a
t
o
r
Fieldbus
24 VDC
power
power
+ conditioner + supply
-
-
64
Fieldbus functionality
Field hook-up
Figure 4-4 illustrates one method of connecting the 475 Field
Communicator to a fieldbus segment. The 475 Field Communicator
can be connected at any convenient place along the bus (segment). In
the field, this is typically done at the device or at the fieldbus junction
box.
Figure 4-4. Field wiring diagram example
Fieldbus T
Fieldbus
host
+ power + e
conditioner r
control
system - m
i
n
+ a
t
24 VDC
o
power
r
supply
Fieldbus
T
+ junction + e
box
r
m
i
n
a
t
o
r
CAUTION
The 475 Field Communicator draws approximately 12 mA from the
fieldbus segment. Ensure the power supply or barrier on the fieldbus
segment has the capacity to provide this additional current. If a
fieldbus segment is drawing near the capacity of the segment’s power
supply, connecting the 475 Field Communicator may result in loss of
communication.
Fieldbus functionality
Displaying the connected
fieldbus devices
65
To display the connected devices on a fieldbus segment (Live Device
List):
1.Connect the 475 Field Communicator to a fieldbus segment.
2.Turn on the 475 Field Communicator.
.
3.On the Field Communicator Main Menu, tap
4.On the Fieldbus Application main menu, double-tap Online. The
Fieldbus Live Device List appears and indicates which device or host
is acting as the LAS. The text LAS appears at the top of the window
only when the 475 Field Communicator is the LAS. See Figure 4-5.
If a live fieldbus device is connected to a host acting as the LAS, a
precautionary message appears. The Live Device List then appears
with the tag name and address for the connected device.
If an existing host control system or a device capable of being the
LAS is not connected, the 475 Field Communicator acts as a
temporary LAS on the segment and produces a warning message.
After reading and following the message instructions, tap OK to
display the Live Device List.
From the Live Device List, a Block List or a Device Dashboard menu
is displayed for a device, depending on the device description.
To return to the Fieldbus Application Main Menu, press the left arrow
key on the keypad or tap the back arrow on the window. Select OK
when prompted if you want to go offline.
Figure 4-5. Live Device List window example
66
Displaying the online
device
Fieldbus functionality
Depending on the device description, the first screen displayed may be
the Block List or a Device Dashboard menu. The Block List displays
the block tag, block type, and actual mode of the device blocks in the
connected device. It also lists an Advanced menu with additional menu
options. Consult your device manual or the Fieldbus Foundation for
more information on blocks and their functionality. FOUNDATION fieldbus
menu trees are on www.fieldcommunicator.com as they become
available.
A Device Dashboard menu displays the same parameters as the Block
List, but they are organized by task rather than by block. Options such
as Overview, Configure, Service Tools, and Advanced may appear.
The Block List is still accessible from the Advanced option in a device
menu.
The menu items that are displayed vary because they are determined
by the device description. Refer to your device manual or
www.fieldcommunicator.com for menu trees.
To view the Block List or Device Dashboard:
1.From the Fieldbus Application main menu, double-tap Online.
2.Double-tap a device.
3.The Block List or Device Dashboard menu appears.
NOTE
If the device is commissioned, the following operations are disabled:
modifying the physical device tag, modifying the node address,
scheduling an I/O Block, instantiating or deleting blocks, configuring a
link master device, modifying a block tag.
Figure 4-6. Block List and Device Dashboard example
Block modes
The resource, transducer, and all function blocks in the device have
modes of operation. These modes govern the operation of the block.
Every block supports both automatic (AUTO) and out of service (OOS)
modes. Other types of modes that may also be supported are Cas,
RCas, ROut, IMan and LO.
Fieldbus functionality
67
Types of modes
For the procedures described in this manual, it is helpful to understand
the following modes:
AUTO
The functions performed by the block will execute. If the block
has any outputs, these will continue to update. This is typically
the normal operating mode.
MAN
In this mode, the output of the block can be manually overwritten
for testing purposes.
Out of Service (OOS)
The functions performed by the block will not execute. If the
block has any outputs, these will typically not update and the
status of any values passed to other blocks is “BAD”. Before you
make changes to the configuration of the block, change the
mode of the block to OOS. When the changes are complete,
change the mode back to AUTO.
Mode parameters
Mode parameters are used to change the block mode from one state
to another. There are four types of mode parameters: Target, Actual,
Permitted, and Normal.
The Target mode is the mode assigned to a block and is used to
change a block to a desired mode.
The Actual mode is the current mode of the block.
The Permitted mode lists the modes that are allowed for a block.
Setting the Permitted modes prevents unauthorized changes to the
operating mode of a block. To do this, configure the Block:Mode
Permitted parameter to allow only the desired operating modes. It is
recommended to always select OOS as one of the Permitted modes.
The Normal mode is the mode the block should be set to during normal
operation conditions.
Locate mode parameters
In the resource and transducer blocks, the mode parameters are
normally found in the Process menu. In all other function blocks, they
are found in the Common Config menu. The mode parameters are
also included in the All parameter list; see “Device blocks” on page 69.
You can view and edit the Target mode parameter by tapping the
MODE button in the menus.
68
Fieldbus functionality
Change modes
Whenever you need to change the parameters or properties of a block,
you need to change the mode. A warning message may appear if the
mode of any block is included in a list of parameter changes to be sent
to a device.
To change the block mode:
1.Tap the MODE button in the Block Menu or at the bottom of a
screen. See Figure 4-7.
2.If prompted, select a block from the list and tap OK.
3.Remove the checkmark next to the current mode by tapping the
checkbox next to it. An asterisk (*) symbol appears next to Block
Mode Target and the checkboxes are highlighted yellow to indicate
the change to the Target mode has not been sent to the device. If the
mode checkboxes are read-only, the block may have been set to
allow only one mode.
4.Tap the checkbox next to a mode to select it as the new Target
mode.
5.Tap OK.
6.When the message appears, tap YES to apply and send the change
to the device, or tap NO to cancel. A Mode Change window showing
the Target mode and Actual mode appears until the Actual mode
changes. If the window does not disappear, the actual mode cannot
be changed due to the current device state. Tap CLOSE to close the
Mode Change window.
Figure 4-7. Device Block Menu and Mode window
Fieldbus functionality
Device blocks
69
The Block Menu is a submenu of the Block List and it displays block
information for the fieldbus device to which you are connected. The
Block Menu is also available from the Advanced option in a Device
Dashboard menu.
Devices that do not support transducer block menus within the device
description have the following selections: All, Process, Status, Other.
If methods are incorporated into the transducer block, they may be
displayed as either Diagnostic Methods or Calibration Methods.
Tap All to display all of the parameters for the desired block. It may
take several minutes to display the parameters. It is recommended that
you use this only if you are unable to find your desired selection
elsewhere.
Displaying the Block Menu
If the device description supports menus, you can display the Block
Menu by performing the following steps:
1.From the Live Device List, double-tap a device to display the Block
List. See page 66. For Device Dashboard menus, the Block List is
available from the Advanced menu.
2.Double-tap the desired block tag.
3.From the Block Menu, double-tap the desired parameter group.
NOTE
The Block mode must be in the appropriate state to accept parameter
changes. Typically, the mode is MAN or OOS.
Displaying parameters
To display the parameters for fieldbus devices:
1.Display the Live Device List; see page 65.
2.Double-tap a device.
3.Double-tap the desired block from the Block List or the appropriate
item from a Device Dashboard menu.
4.Double-tap the desired parameter group. The parameters and their
current values appear.
Changing and sending parameter data
Shaded areas in a menu indicate values that cannot be changed. You
can edit only the resource, transducer, and I/O blocks. You can open
and view all other blocks, however, you cannot edit them.
When you modify a parameter value, an asterisk (*) appears and the
value is highlighted yellow to indicate the change has not been sent to
the device.
70
Fieldbus functionality
CAUTION
Changing device parameters could adversely affect the control of your
process. Put the control loop in Manual/Out of Service before applying
changes. Verify the output before returning the control loop to Auto.
Failure to do so could result in property damage, serious injury, or
death. Ensure all safety precautions and work procedures have been
followed.
To change the values for parameters:
1.Display the parameters for the device.
2.Double-tap the desired parameter.
3.Change the value for the parameter. (Tap HELP to view a description
of the parameter.)
4.Tap OK. Repeat these steps for other parameters as necessary.
5.Tap SEND to commit your changes to the connected device. After
you tap SEND, the modified values are no longer highlighted yellow.
Displaying the status of a block
Different devices have different options associated with them and the
selections on these menus vary accordingly. See your device
documentation for more information on supported menu items.
To display device status:
1.Display the Live Device List; see page 65.
2.Double-tap a device.
3.Double-tap the desired block.
4.Double-tap Status. Status parameters appear.
Running methods
Different devices have different methods associated with them, and the
selections on these menus vary accordingly. See your device
documentation for more information on supported menu items.
To run methods:
1.Display the Live Device List; see page 65.
2.Double-tap a device.
3.Double-tap the desired block (typically, methods are run in the
transducer block).
4.Double-tap a menu containing methods. The menu option will vary
for each device.
5.Double-tap the type of method you want to run, for example,
calibration or diagnostic. Follow the prompts on the windows to run
the method.
Fieldbus functionality
71
Displaying device information
NOTE
The physical device tag and address of a device are read-only when
the device is commissioned or, at a minimum, any of the following
hosts/linking devices are detected on the segment: Rosemount 3420,
DeltaV, Ovation, Allen-Bradley FFLD and FFLDC, Honeywell Experion
PKS, Yokogawa Stardom or CENTUM, Softing FG-100/HSE, or SMAR
DF62. To change the device tag or address, use the host system or
remove the device from the segment and connect it directly to the 475
Field Communicator.
To display the Physical Device Tag, Device Address, Device ID, and
the Device Revision:
1.Display the Live Device List; see page 65.
2.Double-tap a device.
3.Double-tap Advanced.
4.Double-tap Detail.
5.Double-tap one of the following options:
• Physical Device Tag designates a device’s identity in the system.
• Address is the data link layer node address of the device. The host
control system has the ability to assign an address to a device when
it is connected to a segment. When assigning device addresses,
follow the guidelines below:
• Valid device addresses for fieldbus devices are 20 through 247
with the exception of the addresses between V(FUN) and
V(FUN) + V(NUN)-1 parameters as defined for the 475; see
“Changing the fieldbus polling addresses” on page 75. These
parameters are available in the Polling menu.
• Addresses between 16 and 19 are usually reserved for host
systems. A device should not be assigned in this address
range.
• Addresses below 16 are not available.
• Addresses between 248 and 251 are temporary addresses.
Devices without a tag or address appear on the segment at
these addresses.
• Addresses in the range 252 to 255 are reserved for visitors,
such as the 475 Field Communicator.
• Device ID is the unique number identifier for each device. It is set by
the device manufacturer and cannot be changed.
• Device Revision is the manufacturer revision number. It is used by
an interface device to locate the device description and cannot be
changed.
72
Fieldbus functionality
6.Select Yes or No when you are asked if the device is commissioned.
You cannot change the physical device tag or address if the device is
commissioned.
7.Using the SIP keyboard, enter the new information. When you
modify a parameter value, an asterisk (*) appears and the value is
highlighted yellow to indicate the change has not been sent to the
device.
8.Tap OK.
9.Tap SEND to send the changes to the device. A window appears
until the changes are made.
10.Tap YES, if prompted.
Displaying network settings
To view the network parameters for the device or segment:
1.Display the Live Device List; see page 65.
2.Double-tap a device.
3.Double-tap Advanced.
4.Double-tap Network Management.
5.Double-tap the desired label to view the values.
Tap the SAVE button to save this as a text file. Connect your 475 Field
Communicator to the Field Communicator Easy Upgrade Utility to
transfer this file to a PC. The file appears in the User Data tab.
Changing the I/O block schedule
Changing the I/O Block Schedule is typically done on the bench (not
connected to a control system) when you want to execute an I/O block
to verify that the outputs of the block are computed correctly.
NOTE
You cannot schedule I/O blocks when the device is commissioned or,
at a minimum, any of the following hosts/linking devices are detected
on the segment: Rosemount 3420, DeltaV, Ovation, Allen-Bradley
FFLD and FFLDC, Honeywell Experion PKS, Yokogawa Stardom or
CENTUM, Softing FG-100/HSE, or SMAR DF62. To schedule I/O
blocks, use the host system or remove the device from the segment
and connect it directly to the 475 Field Communicator.
To change the schedule:
1.Display the Live Device List; see page 65.
2.Double-tap a device.
3.Double-tap Advanced.
4.Double-tap Schedule.
5.Select Yes or No when you are asked if the device is commissioned.
You cannot schedule blocks if the device is commissioned.
6.Select the appropriate MacroCycle from the drop-down list.
Fieldbus functionality
73
7.Tap the appropriate checkboxes next to the I/O blocks.
8.Tap OK. This schedules the blocks and sets the block mode to Auto.
9.After reading the note, tap OK to acknowledge that the I/O blocks
were successfully scheduled.
Instantiating blocks
The Instantiate Block menu lets you add function and transducer
blocks to a connected device. This menu item appears only if the
fieldbus device contains instantiable block types. After a block has
been instantiated, the view displays the new block. The Actual mode of
the new instantiated block is set to OOS.
NOTE
You cannot instantiate or delete blocks when, at a minimum, any of the
following hosts/linking devices are detected on the segment:
Rosemount 3420, DeltaV, Ovation, Allen-Bradley FFLD and FFLDC,
Honeywell Experion PKS, Yokogawa Stardom or CENTUM, Softing
FG-100/HSE, or SMAR DF62. To instantiate or delete blocks, use the
host system or remove the device from the segment and connect it
directly to the 475 Field Communicator.
To instantiate a block:
1.Display the Live Device List; see page 65.
2.Double-tap a device.
3.Double-tap Advanced.
4.Double-tap Instantiate Block.
5.Select Yes or No when you are asked if the device is commissioned.
You cannot instantiate blocks if the device is commissioned.
6.Tap the type of block that you want to add to the device.
7.Tap OK to add the block to the device. Tap CANCEL to exit the
window without adding a block.
8.When the warning message appears, tap YES to instantiate the
block, or NO to cancel the operation.
Deleting instantiated blocks
The Delete Block menu lets you delete instantiated blocks from a
fieldbus device; you cannot delete permanent blocks. You can delete
only one instantiated block at a time, and the Actual mode in the
device must be set to OOS. If the Delete Block menu item is selected
and no blocks have been instantiated in the device, an error message
appears. After a block has been deleted, the window is refreshed and it
does not display the deleted block.
To delete an instantiated block:
1.Display the Live Device List; see page 65.
2.Double-tap a device.
3.Double-tap Advanced.
74
Fieldbus functionality
4.Double-tap Delete Block.
5.Select Yes or No when you are asked if the device is commissioned.
You cannot delete blocks if the device is commissioned.
6.Tap the block that you want to delete from the device.
7.Tap OK.
8.When the warning message appears, tap YES to delete the block, or
NO to cancel the operation.
NOTE
Some devices restart after a block is instantiated or deleted, causing a
loss in communication between the 475 Field Communicator and the
device. After the device and 475 Field Communicator resume
communication, the Live Device List appears.
Setting the device to be a Link Master or Basic device
If a device is capable of becoming a Link Active Scheduler (LAS), the
Link Master Configuration menu option is displayed in the Advanced
menu. The screen shows the current operating class in the drop down
box and lets you select the new operating class. Select Link Master if
you want the device to attempt to be the LAS, or select Basic if you
want to prevent the device from becoming the LAS.
Setting the device as a link master does not set the device as the LAS.
The link master device must follow the fieldbus process to become the
LAS if other link master devices are on the segment.
After you set the option, the device resets and the Field Communicator
temporarily loses communication with the device.
NOTE
You cannot change the device to be a link master or basic device
when, at a minimum, any of the following hosts/linking devices are
detected on the segment: Rosemount 3420, DeltaV, Ovation,
Allen-Bradley FFLD and FFLDC, Honeywell Experion PKS, Yokogawa
Stardom or CENTUM, Softing FG-100/HSE, or SMAR DF62. To
change the device to be a Link Master or Basic device, use the host
system or remove the device from the segment and connect it directly
to the 475 Field Communicator.
Fieldbus functionality
75
To set a device to be a link master or basic device:
1.Display the Live Device List; see page 65.
2.Double-tap a device.
3.Double-tap Advanced.
4.Double-tap Link Master Configuration.
5.Select Yes or No when you are asked if the device is commissioned.
You cannot change the operating class if the device is
commissioned.
6.Select the Basic or Link Master option from the drop down box.
7.Tap OK.
8.Tap OK when prompted that the device will restart. The Live Device
List appears.
9.Wait until the device reappears on the screen.
Displaying Graphics
The Fieldbus Application offers graphical views of device data by using
the enhanced Electronic Device Description Language (EDDL)
technology. Device data can be presented as images, charts, and
graphs. These options appear as items in the Online menu and its
submenus. The placement of the Graphics options in the menus varies
from device to device because it is determined by the device
manufacturer.
To view the graphical representations, you need a device using an
enhanced device description. Only devices using an enhanced EDDL
device description offer graphical representations of data. See
Appendix C for more information about the Graphics functionality.
CONFIGURING THE
FIELDBUS APPLICATION
Changing the fieldbus
polling addresses
Polling is a method of determining which devices are present on a
network. The V(FUN) is the first unpolled node address. V(NUN) is the
number of unpolled node addresses. The addresses between V(FUN)
and V(FUN)+V(NUN)-1 are not polled. The default value for V(FUN) is
200 and the default value for V(NUN) is zero. Narrowing the range of
devices being polled provides a quicker Live Device List refresh.
The DeltaV System Polling checkbox instructs the 475 Field
Communicator to use the same polling scheme as DeltaV. The V(FUN)
and V(NUN) options are read-only when the checkbox is selected.
To change the polling addresses:
1.From the Fieldbus Application main menu, double-tap Utility.
2.Double-tap Polling.
3.Enter values in the V(FUN) and V(NUN) fields and tap OK.
76
Fieldbus functionality
Changing the Slot Time
Select the default Slot Time of 8 to allow the devices to be seen on the
475 Field Communicator Live Device List. From the Fieldbus
Application Utility main menu, double-tap Utility and then double-tap
Link Settings to access the Slot Time menu. It may be necessary to
change the Slot Time to 16 to view older devices on the 475 Field
Communicator Live Device List.
Viewing available device
descriptions
The Available Device Description List menu lets you view all the device
descriptions in the 475 Field Communicator. Fieldbus device
descriptions enable the 475 Field Communicator to recognize and
configure fieldbus devices. Use the Field Communicator Easy Upgrade
Utility to download or import new device descriptions and then transfer
them to your 475 Field Communicator. See the Easy Upgrade Utility
Help for more information.
To view the fieldbus device descriptions installed in the 475 Field
Communicator:
1.From the Fieldbus Application main menu, double-tap Utility.
2.Double-tap Available Device Description List. The manufacturer
names of the installed device descriptions are listed.
3.Double-tap the desired device manufacturer to expand the list. The
models available for the manufacturer are listed.
4.Double-tap the desired device model. The device revisions available
for the selected model are listed. One of the following icons appears
next to each device description to indicate its status.
Table 4-1. Device description icons
Icon
Meaning
A tested device description can be used with the system
software version in the 475 Field Communicator.
An untested device description has not been formally tested
for use with the system software version in the 475 Field
Communicator. The device description can be used, but you
may experience unexpected results.
An incompatible device description cannot be used with the
system software version in the 475 Field Communicator. You
need to transfer a different version of this device description to
the 475 Field Communicator.
Fieldbus functionality
77
RUNNING FIELDBUS
DIAGNOSTICS
The Fieldbus Diagnostics menu lets you run diagnostics to
troubleshoot fieldbus networks and devices. You can check the DC
voltage, the noise level at low frequencies, and the signal level and
communication status. The selected tests are automatically repeated
and the test results are updated in the Diagnostics Results window.
To view the values associated with the status indicators or the possible
causes of the values, run the diagnostic test, highlight the test on the
Diagnostics Results window, and tap HELP.
DC voltage measurement
The DC voltage test displays the amount of DC voltage on a segment.
The word Limit appears if the DC voltage measurement is out of the
-37 V to 37 V range. If the DC voltage is out of this range, there may be
a faulty terminator, wiring problem, or power supply problem.
This test displays the measurement value, measurement unit, and one
of the status indicators listed below.
OK - The value is within the acceptable range.
High - The value is greater than 32 V.
Low - The value is less than 9 V.
Error - There is an error in the measurement or within the 475 Field
Communicator.
Noise level measurement
The noise level test displays the amount of noise on the segment. The
word Limit appears if the noise level measurement is greater than 1.0
V. If the low frequency noise is too high, the power supply or power
conditioner may be faulty.
This test displays the measurement value, measurement unit, and one
of the status indicators listed below.
OK - The value is within the acceptable range.
High - The value is greater than 75mv from peak to peak.
Error - There is an error in the measurement or within the 475 Field
Communicator.
Signal level measurement
The signal level test determines if a 475 Field Communicator can
receive signals from devices on a segment. To measure the fieldbus
signal level, make sure a LAS is on the segment. Up to 16 different
nodes are checked. The word Limit appears if the signal level value is
greater than 1.3 V. The word Low appears if the signal level value is
less than 100 mV.
78
Fieldbus functionality
This test displays the node address, measurement value,
measurement unit, and one of the status indicators listed below.
- All signal responses from the device were received by the 475
Field Communicator.
! - One or more signal responses from the device was not received
by the 475 Field Communicator. This may be caused by noise on
the segment.
X - No signal responses from the device were received by the 475
Field Communicator. This may be caused by noise on the
segment.
Error - The measurement value is less than 75 mV or there is an
error within the 475 Field Communicator.
Figure 4-8. Fieldbus diagnostics window examples
DISCONNECTING FROM A Prior to disconnecting or turning off the 475 Field Communicator,
check the following items:
FIELDBUS DEVICE
• Verify methods are complete.
• Resolve any un-sent data to the device.
475 FIELD COMMUNICATOR
SECTION 5
TROUBLESHOOTING
OVERVIEW
This section provides basic troubleshooting techniques for the 475
Field Communicator.
Below are methods for troubleshooting networks that are experiencing
problems communicating between a device and the 475 Field
Communicator.
Troubleshooting suggestions
Answer the questions below and use the tables in this section before
calling Technical Support personnel.
• Does the control system have HART or fieldbus communication
capabilities?
• Is it configured to communicate HART or fieldbus?
• Is it reporting communication problems? If not, stop communications
on the control system and re-test communication with the 475 Field
Communicator.
• Is there a barrier installed?
• Is the barrier capable of passing along the signal?
General troubleshooting information for the system software
If the 475 Field Communicator screen does not respond or it appears
to lock up, you may need to restart and reset the 475 Field
Communicator by doing the following.
1.Simultaneously press the Fn and Backlight keys to shut down the
Field Communicator. The green light on the Power key should turn
off.
2.Power on the Field Communicator by pressing and holding the
Power key.
www.fieldcommunicator.com
80
Troubleshooting
HART loops
Verify the HART loop current and voltage on the device. Almost all
devices need at least 4 mA and 12V DC to operate properly.
If there are multiple devices on a multidrop loop, set the 475 Field
Communicator to Poll by Address. See “Changing the HART polling
options” on page 53 for more information on polling options.
Inspection of the loop wiring can often reveal problems. The shield is
normally grounded at one end only, which is usually the control
system.
Verify the loop has a minimum of 250 ohms resistance. If there is not
an external resistor, then, normally, the total resistance is the
resistance of the process-indicating device monitoring the loop. Check
the manuals for the process-indicating device to determine its loop
resistance. If the resistance of the process-indicating device is
unknown, it can be determined by knowing the current flow in the loop
and the voltage across the process-indicating device.
The resistance can be calculated using the formula, Resistance =
Voltage / Current. The 475 Field Communicator can be used to
measure the voltage; see “DC voltage measurement (HART
terminals)” on page 57.
Sample values
Loop Current Flow Minimum voltage for 250 ohms.
4 mA 1 Volt
8 mA 2 Volts
12 mA 3 Volts
16 mA 4 Volts
20 mA 5 Volts
If the voltage across the process-indicating device is greater than the
value listed for a given current flow, the device has at least 250 ohms
of internal resistance. If the voltage is less than the value listed in the
table for the given current flow, more resistance needs to be added to
the loop.
If an oscilloscope is available, use it to look for noise on the loop. Use
a scope with differential mode capability or a battery powered/isolated
scope to avoid grounding one side of the loop. Noise with a frequency
of 500 Hz to 10,000 Hz is of particular interest, as this represents
frequencies near the HART frequencies of 1200 and 2200 Hz.
81
Troubleshooting
Table 5-1. Troubleshooting table for the HART protocol
Symptom
Intermittent
communication
Possible causes
Solution
Insufficient loop current Verify there is at least 4
and voltage at the
mA and 12V DC at the
device terminals.
device terminals; see
“DC voltage
measurement (HART
terminals)” on page 57.
Noise on the field loop.
Noise or signal distortion
from the control system,
i.e., noise from the
power supply powering
the devices or front end
analog circuitry inside
the control system may
be distorting the HART
signal.
Poor wiring.
Check wiring
terminations and
exposed signal wire for
damage.
No communication Insufficient loop
Add an additional 250
with device.
resistance at the HART ohm resistor in series in
frequencies.
the loop. Place the
leads across the resistor
and verify if
communication has
been restored.
Insufficient loop current Verify that there is at
and voltage at the
least 4 mA and 12V DC
device terminals.
at the device terminals;
“DC voltage
measurement (HART
terminals)” on page 57.
Device may be set to a
HART address other
than zero (multidrop
mode).
Change Polling mode to
Poll by Address. See
“Changing the HART
polling options” on
page 53.
Cannot connect to a The polling address or
HART device.
tag may not match the
device.
Check the Polling
Options to ensure the
proper polling type is
selected.
Control system is HART communication is
communicating
being prevented by the
HART, but the Field control system.
Communicator is
not communicating
properly.
Stop HART
communications on the
control system and
verify if communication
between the devices
and the 475 is restored.
Troubleshooting
82
More than one Field
Communicator or other
Secondary Master may
be attached to the
control loop.
Ensure there is only one
Primary Master and one
Secondary Master on
the control loop.
The incorrect polling
Change the addresses
A HART device
appears at the
addresses may be used. being polled. See
multiple addresses.
“Changing the HART
polling options” on
page 53.
HART Universal
Revision 5 (or earlier), 6,
and 7 devices are on the
same loop
Put HART Universal
Revision 5 or earlier
devices on a separate
loop from HART
Universal Revision 6 or
7 devices.
83
Troubleshooting
Table 5-2. Troubleshooting table for the fieldbus protocol
Symptom
No
communication
with device.
Possible causes
Solution
The Field
Communicator is
connected to a
segment with DeltaV
and the device on
the same segment is
being commissioned
using DeltaV.
The Field Communicator is
unable to communicate with
this device until you go
offline and then back online.
Connected to a This issue is caused
segment in a
by the speed at
bench
which certain
configuration and LAS-enabled
the Live Device devices are
List remains
attempting to run the
blank (even the segment.
Field
Communicator
does not appear).
Establish communication by
putting the Field
Communicator on the
segment first and then
adding one or more devices.
By putting the Field
Communicator on first, it will
remain the LAS and control
the communication.
Unable to change The Field
the address of a Communicator is
device.
unable to change the
address of a device
that is currently the
LAS.
Establish communication by
putting the Field
Communicator on the
segment first and then
adding one or more devices.
By putting the Field
Communicator on first, it will
remain the LAS and allow
the address change.
The Field
A host takes over as
Communicator
the LAS.
does not remain
the LAS on a
segment.
A backup LAS takes
over as the LAS. The
lower the address
and Slot Time of the
device, the more
likely this will occur.
When a host is established
on a segment, it will take
over as the LAS. No action
is required.
See “Changing the Slot
Time” on page 76.
Troubleshooting
84
ERROR AND STATUS
MESSAGES
Table 5-3. Field Communicator error messages
General error messages
License file check failed - error code
x. Please contact service center to
resolve this problem.
Press OK to turn off. (Where x
indicates the test that failed.)
Warning: System incompatibility
detected - error code x. Start Listen
For PC and use the Easy Upgrade
Utility to resolve this, turn off your
Field Communicator and contact
service center to resolve this.
(Where x is an error code indicating
what the incompatibility detected
was or related errors.)
Installation file is corrupt - error code
x. Please call service center to
resolve this problem. Press OK to
turn off.
This Field Communicator is not
licensed for FOUNDATION Fieldbus.
Description
License file check failed during
power- up.
Hardware version or operating
system in your Field
Communicator is not compatible.
The installation is corrupt.
Your 475 Field Communicator is
not licensed for FOUNDATION
fieldbus functionality. Contact your
sales representative for
information about adding this
functionality.
The Field Communicator is not
Your 475 Field Communicator is
licensed for Bluetooth
not licensed and does not have
the necessary hardware for
communication.
Bluetooth communication.Contact
your sales representative for
information about this functionality.
The Field Communicator does not The System Card is improperly
detect a System Card. Please make installed in the System Card
sure your System Card is properly socket or the System Card is
installed in its slot. Press OK to turn missing. The System Card socket
off.
is spring-loaded. Ensure that when
you insert the System Card into
the socket, you hear a click.
Also ensure the System Card has
the metal card contacts facing up
when you insert the card. See
“Installing the System Card and
the battery” on page 21. The
System Card may be damaged if
inserted improperly.
85
Troubleshooting
Table 5-4. HART Application error messages
HART error messages
Hart Application Error... “registry
failure”...Reinstall System Files...See
User's Manual for details.
Description
A registry setting in the 475 is
corrupted. From the Field
Communicator Main Menu, do the
following:
1. Tap Settings.
2. Tap About.
3. Double-tap RE-FLASH.
4. Tap Yes to proceed.
Voltage detected on FF connectors. Insert the lead set connectors into
Check your connectors and press
the HART communication
OK.
terminals on the top of the 475.
The access door shows which
protocols terminals are exposed.
CDC Error...“failure while switching The HART Application fails to put
to HART”...Reinstall System
the CDC in HART mode for talking
Files...See User’s Manual for details. to a HART device. From the Field
Communicator Main Menu, do the
following:
1. Tap Settings.
2. Tap About.
3. Double-tap RE-FLASH.
4. Tap Yes to proceed.
The version of the tokenizer used
DD Error…"tokenizer
to tokenize the device description
mismatch"…DD version
<manufacturer name, device name, is not what the HART Application
expects and the device description
dev. rev. #, and
DD rev. #>; HART application
is incompatible with the installed
<version x.y>; HART app version
HART Application version.
x.y...Reinstall DD…See
Upgrade the system software and
Programming Interface for details. device descriptions in the Field
Communicator using the Field
Communicator Easy Upgrade
Utility.
DD Error…"linker mismatch"...DD
The version of the linker used to
version x.y; HART app version
link the device description is not
x.y...Reinstall DD…See
what the HART Application
Programming Interface for details. expects and the device description
is incompatible with the installed
HART Application version.
Upgrade the system software and
device descriptions using the Field
Communicator Easy Upgrade
Utility.
The device description was
DD Error…"developed-to
developed and tested for a later
mismatch"…DD version
<manufacturer name, device name, HART Application revision.
Upgrade the system software and
dev. rev. #, and
DD rev. #>; HART application
device descriptions using the Field
<version x.y> …See Programming Communicator Easy Upgrade
Interface for solution.
Utility.
Troubleshooting
86
Warning: this DD is untested with the
current Hart App ver <manufacturer
name, device name, dev. rev. #, and
DD rev. #>…you may experience
unexpected or inappropriate
results…See Programming Interface
for details on DD updates…Do you
want to accept these risks and
proceed?
DD Error…"tested-to sequence
mismatch"…DD version
<manufacturer name, device name,
dev. rev. #, and
DD rev. #>; HART application
<version x.y>; HART app version
x.y…See Programming Utility for
solution.
DD Error…"developed-to
mismatch"...DD version
<manufacturer name, device name,
dev. rev. #, and
DD rev. #>; HART application
<version x.y>; HART app version
x.y...See Programming Utility for
details
Device Description Error...'Device
Description header file
corrupted'...To repair, reinstall the
Device Descriptions for %s %s dev
rev %d DD rev %d...see
Programming Utility for
details...Press FWDCOM to attempt
to load an earlier Device
Description."
Communication Error…See User's
Manual for solution.
The device description was not
tested and verified with the
installed version of the HART
Application. Obtain a newer
version of the device description
using the Field Communicator
Easy Upgrade Utility.
The DD was tested with a previous
version, but not with this version of
the HART Application. Obtain a
newer version of the device
description using the Field
Communicator Easy Upgrade
Utility.
The DD was developed using a
later HART Application revision.
Upgrade the system software and
device descriptions using the Field
Communicator Easy Upgrade
Utility.
There is a checksum error in the
device description header file.
Obtain a newer version of the
device description using the Field
Communicator Easy Upgrade
Utility.
Check the wiring to the device.
87
Troubleshooting
Forward Compatibility Blocked…The
Device Description for x Device Rev
x dd Rev x cannot be used in forward
compatibility mode…x… Press OK
to load the Generic Device
Description.
Device Description Not
Installed…The Device Description
for device type x device rev x is not
installed on the System Card…See
Programming Interface for details on
Device Description updates…Do you
wish to proceed in forward
compatibility mode?
The HART Application attempts to
use a device description to run in
forward compatibility mode and
cannot. A generic device
description will be used.
The device description for the
connected device is not in the 475
Field Communicator. If you have
the Easy Upgrade option, you can
add device descriptions to your
475 Field Communicator from the
Field Communicator Easy
Upgrade Utility.
Do you want to ignore this message The HART Application lets you
while communicating with this
ignore some response code
device?
warning messages, such as
Update Failure, while
communicating with a device. The
next time you communicate with
the device, this message will
appear.
Troubleshooting
88
Table 5-5. Fieldbus Application error messages
Fieldbus error messages
Connection Error - Voltage Detected
on HART connectors. Please check
your connectors. Press OK to retry
connecting to the segment. Press
CANCEL to end the Fieldbus
Application.
Connection error - Polarity reversed
on the fieldbus segment connection.
Please reverse connectors. Press
OK to recheck polarity.
DDP Error 1: Unable to load DD.
Press OK to return to Block List.
There has been a loss of
communication with one or more
devices on the segment. Press OK
to return to the Fieldbus Live Device
List.
The Field Communicator has been
disconnected from the segment.
Press RETRY to attempt to
reconnect to the segment. Press
CANCEL to return to the Fieldbus
Application main menu. Press EXIT
to exit the Fieldbus Application.
SM ERROR: FAILED RESPONDER
IDENTIFY
Description
Insert the lead set connectors into
the fieldbus communication
terminals on the top of the 475.
The access door shows which
protocols terminals are exposed.
The lead set connectors attached
to the 475 Field Communicator
need to be reversed (rotated) and
reconnected to the 475. The
fieldbus terminals are polarity
sensitive.
Using the Field Communicator
Easy Upgrade Utility, check to see
if this device description is
available to load into your 475
Field Communicator. If not,
contact the device manufacturer.
Check connection to fieldbus
devices.
Verify that the 475 Field
Communicator lead set is still
securely connected to the FF
Segment and tap RETRY.
There is a problem sustaining
communications with the device.
Contact 475 Field Communicator
Technical Support personnel.
FFLIB: Incompatible DD Static
The device description (DD) does
Description
not match the actual device.
Use the Field Communicator Easy
Upgrade Utility to see if a new DD
is available for that device.
Contact 475 Field Communicator
Technical Support personnel. See
http://www.fieldcommunicator.com
.
Device Upload aborted. Press OK to Communication with a device has
return to the Fieldbus Live Device
timed out. This should normally
List.
not happen, unless a host was
selected. Contact 475 Field
Communicator Technical Support
personnel.
89
Troubleshooting
Function Block Service Error:
Parameter Check
The parameter value being
entered is invalid for this device.
Check with the device supplier.
Make sure the value entered is
valid for that specific device
parameter.
Function Block Service Error:
The parameter value being
Exceeds Parameter Limits
entered is outside the range of
valid values for the device
parameter. Check with the device
supplier. Make sure the value
entered is in the correct range for
that device parameter.
Function Block Service Error: Wrong The block is in the wrong mode to
Mode For Request
accept the parameter change
being requested. See “Change
modes” on page 68 for information
on how to change block modes.
SM ERROR: REMOTE ERROR
An attempt to change the address
INVALID STATE
of the device serving as the LAS
on the segment is being made.
Changing the device address of
the LAS is not recommended.
FF Library System Management
These messages typically occur
Error. SM Set Address Failed.SM
when there is an error changing a
Error SM ERROR: Failed.
device address.
RESPONDER IDENTIFY
or
Possible solutions:
Fieldbus Library error code -49
1.Make sure the 475 Field
FBLIB: Address outside of range set Communicator is the LAS. Some
in Field Communicator.
LASs may not let you change the
device address.
2. Make sure the address is not
already used by another device.
3. Make sure the polling range is
set to poll the device address.
90
INFORMATION FOR
TECHNICAL SUPPORT
Troubleshooting
Before you call Technical Support personnel, have a detailed
description of the issue, including the information below (if applicable).
Have the User’s Manual for the device available.
• 475 Field Communicator system software revision.
• What is the serial number of the 475 Field Communicator having the
communication issue? This is located on the label on back of the
Field Communicator. The battery also has a serial number, but this
does not apply to the Field Communicator unit.
• Manufacturer and model of control system.
• Does the control system support HART or fieldbus communications?
• Device manufacturer name (or ID) and model revision of device (as
displayed on the 475 Field Communicator, exact spelling if possible.)
• What task is being performed when the communication problem
occurs?
• Can AMS Device Manager or another Field Communicator talk to
the device?
• Are you having communication problems with multiple devices?
• Are there any error messages displayed when attempting to
communicate with a device (e.g., device not found)?
• Does communication work when certain devices or processes are
not running?
• What is the total cable length run from the termination panel to the
device?
• What is the loop impedance in the HART device loop? (resistance
value)
• If a HART multiplexer is being used, what is the manufacturer and
model?
• Is the device in burst mode?
• Is the device address set to "0"?
• Is there more than one device on the loop?
• Is there another master (primary or secondary) on the loop? (i.e.,
control system, multiplexer, etc.)
Contacting Technical Support personnel
Contact your supplier or go to http://www.fieldcommunicator.com for
Technical Support contact information.
475 FIELD COMMUNICATOR
APPENDIX A
REFERENCE DATA
PROCESSOR AND
MEMORY SPECIFICATIONS
Microprocessor
80 MHz, max 133 MHz Hitachi® SH3
Memory
Internal Flash
32 MB
System Card
1 GB Secure Digital card or higher
RAM
32 MB
PHYSICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Weight
Approximately 1.65 lb (750 grams) includes battery
Display
3.5” diagonal, 1/4 VGA (240 by 320 pixels) color touch screen
Hard-coated surface
Dimensions approximately 2.81” x 2.11” (71.5 mm x 53.6 mm)
Keypad
The keypad consists of the following:
• A Power key to turn on and off the 475 or to put it in standby
• A Backlight key to adjust the intensity of the light on the screen
• Four navigation (arrow) keys to select, open, and back out of menu
items
• An Enter key to open menu items from the Field Communicator Main
Menu or Settings menu, and select any highlighted button
• A Tab key to move between buttons or fields on a window
• A Function key that enables alternate functionality indicated by the
blue text near the keys
• Alphanumeric keys for entering data
www.fieldcommunicator.com
92
USAGE SPECIFICATIONS
Temperature limits
+14°F to +122°F (-10°C to +50°C)
0% to 95%RH (non-condensing) for +32°F to +122°F (0°C to +50°C)
Storage with batteries
-4°F to 131°F (-20°C to +55°C) for less than 1 month
Storage without batteries
-4°F to +140°F (-20°C to +60°C)
Enclosure rating
IP51 (front)
Shock
Passes the 1-meter drop test onto concrete
General guidelines
•
•
•
•
Only use new, original parts.
Do not recharge the battery in hazardous areas.
Have repairs done by only qualified personnel.
Charge or power using only the Field Communicator power
supply/charger.
CONNECTION
SPECIFICATIONS
HART and fieldbus
communication terminals
Three 4mm banana plugs (one common terminal to both HART and
FOUNDATION fieldbus.)
Connection types
IrDA port
± 15 degrees recommended maximum angle between the 475
interface and adapter or PC.
18 in. recommended maximum distance between the 475 interface
and adapter or PC.
Bluetooth interface
The Bluetooth Interface is a licensed option for the 475 Field
Communicator. If your 475 is not licensed for Bluetooth, it does not
have a Bluetooth radio.To use Bluetooth you need an approved
adapter using the Windows Bluetooth software and drivers (stack)
included with Windows XP Professional Service Pack 2 or 3, Windows
Vista Business Service Pack 1, or Windows 7 Professional. The
adapter should be plug-and-play if no other Bluetooth software or
drivers were installed on your PC. The Easy Upgrade Utility cannot
communicate with an adapter using third-party drivers. See
www.fieldcommunicator.com or the readme file for more information.
30 feet (10 meters) recommended maximum distance between the
475 and a Bluetooth adapter attached to a PC.
93
Card reader
Only supported card readers can be used with the System Card.
Unsupported card readers may corrupt files. See the readme file on
your Resource CD or DVD or www.fieldcommunicator.com for the list
of supported card readers.
The card reader can be used only with the Field Communicator Easy
Upgrade Utility.
BATTERY SPECIFICATIONS
Battery type
Two rechargeable Li-Ion cells, not serviceable
Connection
Green six-pin mini din (female) jack on the side of the battery
Charge
+50°F to +104°F (10°C to +40°C)
Guidelines for the Li-Ion battery (Power Module)
• Do not recharge the battery in hazardous areas. The power
supply/charger is not IS-approved.
• Charge or power using only the Field Communicator power
supply/charger.
• Recharge the battery frequently, preferably after each use. Limit full
discharges, if possible.
Lights
Five lights (LEDs) on the side of the battery indicate the remaining
level of battery charge. When you press and release the Charge
Indicator button below these lights, the lights slowly illuminate. Each
light indicates 20 percent of remaining charge, and the battery is fully
charged when all of the lights are illuminated. See Figure 2-1 on
page 2-12 for the location of the Charge Indicator button.
Operating time
10 or more hours when the backlight is to highest setting
20 or more hours when the backlight is off
80 or more hours when using standby
Storage
-4°F to +131°F (-20°C to +55°C) less than one month
Storage Guidelines for the Li-Ion Battery
• Use a location at room temperature or cooler. Prolonged storage at
higher temperatures can permanently reduce the charge capacity
and performance.
• Ensure the remaining charge is at or near mid-capacity. The charge
will slowly drain during storage. Periodically recharge the battery
during storage to ensure it does not drain to low levels.
94
POWER
SUPPLY/CHARGER
SPECIFICATIONS
Connection
Green six-pin mini din (male) plug
Lights
The power supply/charger has three colored lights that indicate the
conditions below. Each light displays a different color.
Voltage
Color
Condition
Green
The battery is fully charged.
Flashing green
The battery is nearly fully charged.
Yellow
The battery is charging.
Flashing yellow
The power supply/charger is not connected
to the 475 Field Communicator.
Flashing yellow and
red
The remaining charge in the battery is low.
Red
Charging cannot occur. Contact Technical
Support for more information.
100-240 VAC, 50/60Hz,
US/UK/EU connection types included
Technical data
Input voltage
100 - 240 VAC ±10%
Input current
750 mA max.
Standby current
20 mA max.
Input fuse type
TES 2A 250 V Timelag
Output voltage 1
0 - 8.3 V
Output current 1
1000 mA max.
Output voltage 2
0 - 9.0 V
Output current 2
1400 mA max.
Output power rating
20 W
Operating temperature
0°C - +40°C
Storage temperature
-20°C -+80°C
Measurements [L x B x H]
112 mm x 51.5 mm x 29.5 mm
Total Mass
240 g.
Altitude
Up to 2000m
Pollution Degree
2
Installation Category
2
IEC Protection Class
Double Insulation
95
ORDER INFORMATION
Product Description
Field Communicator (Note 1)
Communication Protocol
Code
H
HART
F
HART and FOUNDATION fieldbus (Note 2)
Battery Type
Code
P
Rechargeable Li-ion Power Module
Power Supply/Charger
Code
1
Power Supply/Charger Li-ion/NiMH US/UK/EU
connection types included (Note 3)
9
Not Included (Note 4)
Language
Code
E
English
D
German
J
Japanese
R
Russian
C
Chinese
F
French
P
Portuguese
Product Certifications
Code
KL
ATEX, FM, CSA and IECEx Intrinsically Safe
(includes FISCO as applicable)
NA
No Approval
Easy Upgrade
Code
U
Easy Upgrade Option (Note 5)
9
Not Included
Included Options
Code
Graphics (Included at no charge) (Note 6)
GM
Device Configuration Management (Included at no
charge)
(Note 7)
Code
Bluetooth
T
Bluetooth Communications (Note 8)
9
No Bluetooth Communication (Note 8)
Code
Options
Spare Battery
A
Spare Rechargeable Li-ion Power Module (Note 9)
Enclosures
S
Protective Rubber Boot with Stand
Typical HART Model Number: 475 H P 1 E KL U GMT
Typical HART/Fieldbus Model Number: 475 F P 1 E KL U GMT
Model
475
(1) Base Model 475 includes Field Communicator unit with color LCD display, System Card,
Leadset with connectors, Carrying Case, Getting Started Guide, 475 Resource CD or
DVD, stylus and straps.
(2) This option requires that the Easy Upgrade option (code U) is specified.
(3) To obtain an Australian Power Cord, order part number 00375-0003-0003.
(4) This option should only be considered if the user already has a 375 or 475 Power
Supply/Charger. If it is a 375 Power Supply/Charger, it must be the Li-Ion/NiMH version.
96
(5) The Easy Upgrade feature allows the user to add new System Application software and
device descriptions (DDs) to the 475 for a period of 3 years. To upgrade without this
feature, the System Card would have to be sent to a Service Center.
(6) The Graphics Option enables a user to access enhanced graphical features when using
the HART or FOUNDATION fieldbus application.
(7) Device Configuration Management provides the capability to store up to 1000
configurations and print them using the Easy Upgrade Utility.
(8) Bluetooth enables communication to a PC via the Bluetooth protocol. See list of countries
with Bluetooth approval at www.fieldcommunicator.com.
(9) A fully charged Li-Ion Power Module is capable of delivering power for 40 hours of typical
field use. If requirements exceed this specification, a spare Power Module (code A) should
be specified.
97
SPARE PARTS LIST
Description
Ruggedized 250 Ohm Load Resistor
Rechargeable Li-Ion Power Module
Power Supply/Charger (Li-Ion/NiMH) US/UK/EU
connection types included
Power Supply/Charger Standard cord set
(US/UK/EU cords)
Australian (AU cord) for Power Supply/Charger
Lead Set with connectors
Hand Strap (pack of 2)
Carrying Case (with spare Hand Strap and Stylus)
Magnetic Hanger
Protective Rubber Boot with stand (Boot available to
ship Dec. 09)
Stylus (pack of 2)
IrDA to USB Adapter (Note 1)
System Card (SD) Reader (with USB interface)
(Note 2)
Bluetooth Adapter (Note 1)
Stand
Field Accessory Kit (Note 7)
Shop Accessory Kit (Bluetooth) (Note 8)
Shop Accessory Kit (Non-Bluetooth) (Note 8)
Getting Started Guide
Resource CD
Resource DVD (Note 9)
Technical Training CD
Online Licensing (Note 4)
FOUNDATION fieldbus license via Web
Easy Upgrade (New) license via Web (Note 3)
Easy Upgrade (Renew) license via Web (Notes 3
and 5)
AMS Device Manager Handheld Interface Kit
(Note 6)
AMS Suite: Intelligent Device Manager
Field Communicator Interface Kit (25 tags)
AMS Suite:Intelligent Device Manager
Field Communicator Interface Kit (100 tags and
above)
Part Number
00275-0096-0001
00475-0002-0022
00475-0003-0022
00375-0003-0002
00375-0003-0003
00375-0004-0001
00475-0005-0002
00475-0005-0003
00475-0005-0004
00475-0005-0005
00475-0006-0001
00375-0015-0002
00375-0018-0022
00475-0018-0023
00475-0044-0001
00475-0019-FK01
00475-0019-SK01
00475-0019-SK02
00475-0045-3001
00475-0049-0001
00475-0049-DVD1
00475-0050-TRN1
00375-0142-0002
00375-0142-0003
00375-0142-2003
AW7005HC00025
AW7005HC20000
(1) Can be used to support communication between the 375/475 and the Easy Upgrade
Programming Utility or AMS Device Manager (with Handheld Communicator Interface Kit).
Either IrDA or Bluetooth Communication is required to register the 375/475 or use the
Online Licensing system.
(2) The System Card (SD) Reader allows a user the ability to upgrade a System Card much
faster than they can when using IrDA or Bluetooth. Due to the file size constraints, major
upgrades require the use of a card reader.
(3) The Easy Upgrade feature allows the user to add System Application Software and device
descriptions (DDs) to the 475 for a period of 3 years. To upgrade without this feature, the
System Card would have to be sent to a Service Center (fee would apply).
98
(4) These parts support license upgrades of System Cards in the field through the use of the
Field Communicator Online Licensing system. The capability is available to end users and
may also be performed by an agent on the user’s behalf. It is at the agent’s discretion if an
additional fee should apply. Any order must be accompanied by the System Card S/N.
Instant notification of when the licenses are available for download are sent to emails
provided at time of order. For further details, see the Online Licensing procedure at
www.fieldcommunicator.com.
(5) The ReNew option is available on System Cards where the Easy Upgrade license has
been expired for less than 90 days. Date of expiration can be obtained by interfacing the
475 with v3.0 (or higher) of the Easy Upgrade Programming Utility.
(6)Requires AMS Device Manager (version 6.2 or higher). Both AMS Device Manager and the
Handheld Communicator Interface kit are available for sale through select channels only.
See www.assetweb.com for further details.
(7) Contains Protective Rubber Boot, Ruggedized 250 Ohm Load Resistor, Magnetic Hanger,
Stylus Pack, and Technical Training CD.
(8) Contains Field Accessory Kit plus System Card Reader, Bluetooth Adapter, and Resource
CD and DVD. Non-Bluetooth model substitutes IrDA to USB adapter for Bluetooth
adapter.
(9) Same content as Resource CD, but also includes localized versions for English, German,
Russian, Chinese, and Japanese.
475 FIELD COMMUNICATOR
APPENDIX B
PRODUCT CERTIFICATIONS
OVERVIEW
All 475 Field Communicators come with the main unit label (see
Figure B-1). Intrinsically Safe (KL option) 475 Field Communicators
also have an additional label opposite the main unit label on the back
of the Field Communicator. If the 475 Field Communicator does not
contain this label (NA option), then it is considered non-IS approved.
The Declaration of Conformity and other approval information are
available on www.fieldcommunicator.com.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC), Industry Canada
(IC), Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (TRA), and Radio and
Telecommunications Terminal Equipment (R&TTE) approvals apply to
only 475 Field Communicators licensed for Bluetooth. A labels appears
on the back of the Field Communicator if it is licensed for Bluetooth.
APPROVED
MANUFACTURING
LOCATIONS
R. STAHL HMI Systems GmbH —Cologne, Germany
FCC
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for
a Class A digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These
limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful
interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial
environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio
frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
user’s manual, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is
likely to cause harmful interference in which case the user will be
required to correct the interference at his own expense.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is
subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause
harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
Any modifications made to this device that are not approved by
Emerson Process Management may void the authority granted to the
user by the FCC to operate this equipment.
IC
This Class A digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe A est conforme à la norme
NMB-003 du Canada.
www.fieldcommunicator.com
100
TELECOMMUNICATIONS
REGULATORY
AUTHORITY
OMAN - TRA TRA/TA-R/0089/11 D080273
EUROPEAN DIRECTIVE
INFORMATION - CE
COMPLIANCE
R&TTE (1999/5/EC)
This equipment is in conformity with the Radio and
Telecommunications Terminal Equipment (R&TTE) Directive
1999/5/EC, ETSI EN 300328:2006-10, and IEC 2209-2:2007
standards.
Electro Magnetic
Compatibility
(2004/108/EC)
Tested to the EN 61326-1:2006 and ETSI EN 301489-17:2002-08
specification.
Low Voltage (2006/95/EC)
Tested to the EN 61010-1:2001 specification.
ATEX Directive (94/9/EC)
(KL option only)
See “European Certifications” for more information.
HAZARDOUS LOCATIONS The Intrinsic Safety approvals listed in this section include compliance
with the FISCO requirements.
CERTIFICATIONS (KL
OPTION ONLY)
European Certifications
ATEX Intrinsic Safety (KL option only)
This equipment complies with the ATEX Directive (94/9/EC).
Specific ATEX Directive Information is located within this section and in
the 475 Field Communicator Getting Started Guide.
Applicable standards EN 60079-0:2012, EN 60079-11:2012, and EN
60079-26:2007.
Certification No.: BVS 09 ATEX E 022
II 2 G (1 GD) Ex ia [ia Ga] [ia Da IIIC] IIC T4 Gb (-10°C ≤ Ta ≤
+50°C)
0158
HART Intrinsically Safe Electrical Parameters
Input Parameters
Ui
Ii
Pi
Li
Ci
= 30 Volt DC
= 200 mA
= 1.0 Watt
=0
=0
101
Output Parameters
U0
I0
= 1.9 Volt DC
= 32 μA
FOUNDATION fieldbus
The FISCO standard applies to the FM, CSA, IECEx, and ATEX
certifications.
Intrinsically Safe FISCO
UiIIC
UiIIB
U0
= 17.5 Volt DC
= 17.5 Volt DC
= 1.9 Volt DC
IiIIC
IiIIB
I0
= 215 mA
= 380 mA
= 32 µA
PiIIC
PiIIB
= 1.9 Watt
= 5.3 Watt
= 380 mA
= 32 µA
=0
Pi
= 1.3 Watt
Intrinsically Safe Non-FISCO
Ui
U0
Li
International Certification
= 30 Volt DC
= 1.9 Volt DC
=0
Ii
I0
Ci
IECEx
Certification No.: IECEx BVS 10.0094
Ex ia [ia Ga] [ia Da IIIC] IIC T4 Gb (-10°C ≤ Ta ≤ +50°C)
HART Intrinsically Safe electrical parameters
Input Parameters
Ui
Ii
Pi
Li
Ci
= 30 Volt DC
= 200 mA
= 1.0 Watt
=0
=0
Output Parameters
U0
I0
= 1.9 Volt DC
= 32 μA
FOUNDATION fieldbus
Intrinsically Safe FISCO
UiIIC
UiIIB
U0
= 17.5 Volt DC
= 17.5 Volt DC
= 1.9 Volt DC
IiIIC
IiIIB
I0
= 215 mA
= 380 mA
= 32 µA
PiIIC
PiIIB
= 1.9 Watt
= 5.3 Watt
= 380 mA
= 32 µA
Pi
= 1.3 Watt
Intrinsically Safe Non-FISCO
Ui
U0
North American
Certifications
= 30 Volt DC
= 1.9 Volt DC
Ii
I0
Factory Mutual (FM)
Intrinsically Safe for Class I, Division 1, Groups A, B, C, and D and
Class I, Zone 0, AEx ia IIC T4 (Ta = 50°C) hazardous locations when
connected as indicated in the control drawing 00475-1130. See the
control drawing for input and output parameters.
Canadian Standards Association (CSA)
Intrinsically Safe for use in Class I, Zone 0, Ex ia IIC T4 (Ta = 50°C)
102
hazardous locations when connected as indicated in the control
drawing 00475-1130. See the control drawing for input and output
parameters. Please note the parameters in the control drawing are the
same as the FM parameters.
POWER
SUPPLY/CHARGER
CERTIFICATION
Declaration of
Conformity/Approvals
The 475 Field Communicator power supply/charger complies to the
requirements of the relevant EU directives. The conformity
assessment process has been successfully completed as per the
directives listed below. All approval information for this product can be
accessed at www.fieldcommunicator.com.
European Union Directives
Low Voltage Directive 2006/95/EC
EN 60950: 2001 + A11
EMC Directive 2004/108/EC
The following harmonized standards were applied, immunity
EN61204-3:2000
RoHS (2002/95/EC) directive
WEEE (2002/96/EC) directive
Japanese Directives
DENAN/PSE
LABEL DRAWINGS
Figure B-1. All 475 Field Communicators have a similar label to the one below.
Label 1-1
ZN:2009 08 50 1
44.0mm
Manufactured Exclusively for
Fisher-Rosemount Systems, Inc.
(an Emerson Process Management company)
By R. STAHL HMI Systems GmbH
D-50767 Cologne, Germany
Serial No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Barcode
0158
20nn
Use only with 475 Power Module
2009 08 50 1
33.0 mm
475 Field Communicator
R = 1.5 mm
103
Figure B-2. Approval Ex Label Example (Only on 475 Field Communicators with the KL option)
Label 1-2
ZN:2009 08 51 3
44.0mm
-10 C £ Ta £ 50 C
Barcode SN
33.0 mm
O
2009 08 51 3
O
Model 475...KL
BVS 09 ATEX E 022 IECEx BVS 10.0094
II 2G (1GD)
Ex ia [ia Ga] [ia Da IIIC] IIC T4 Gb
CL I, ZONE 0, AEx ia IIC T4
CL I, DIV 1, GP A, B, C, D
APPROVED
T4 max amb 50°C
CSA 213004
Exia Ex ia [ia Ga] [ia Da IIIC] IIC T4 Gb
FISCO Field Device / Hand Held Terminal
IS when installed per dwg 00475-1130
R = 1.5 mm
Figure B-3. Bluetooth Approval Label Example (Only on 475 Field Communicators with the T option)
Label 1-4
ZN: 2009 08 53 7
44.0mm
24.0 mm
FCC ID: XAF475
IC ID: 8299A-475
No.: ESD-1004470C
CMII ID: 2010DJ5079
16746/POSTEL/2010
CFT: RCPEM4710-1031
R 012WWA100827
CNC: 16-8988
CCAG10LP0110T8
Complies with
IDA Standards
DA100927
N96
Additional Approvals
Listed Inside Unit
2009 08 53 7
R = 1.5 mm
Figure B-4. Bluetooth Approval Label Example
Label 1-4 BT2
ZN: 2011 15 50 1
44.0mm
24.0 mm
TRA REGISTERED
No: ER0041436/10
DEALER
No: 0014455/08
OMAN - TRA
TRA/TA-R/0089/11
D080273
KCC-CMI-FR2-475
2011 15 50 1
R = 1.5 mm
104
Figure B-5. Battery Label Examples
Label 4-1
ZN:2009 08 54 3
49.0mm
89.0 mm
Manufactured Exclusively for
Fisher-Rosemount Systems, Inc.
(an Emerson Process Management company)
By R. STAHL HMI Systems GmbH
D-50767 Cologne, Germany
475 Field Communicator
Power Module
Use only with 475 Field Communicator
Charge only with Charger 00375-0003-0005
WARNING / AVERTISSEMENT
- BATTERIES MUST BE CHARGED
IN A NONHAZARDOUS LOCATION ONLY /
- TOUJOURS RECHARGER LES PILES DANS
UNE ZONE SANS RISQUES D'EXPLOSIONS
- SUBSTITUTION OF COMPONENTS
MAY IMPAIR INTRINSIC SAFETY /
- TOUTE SUBSTITUTION DE COMPOSANTES
PEUT RÉDUIRE LA SÉCURITÉ INTRINSÈQUE
Made in Germany
2009 08 54 3
0158
Li-Ion 14.4Wh
Serial No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Barcode
20nn
R = 1.5 mm
Label 4-2
ZN:2009 08 55 3
37.0mm
BVS 09 ATEX E 022
IECEx BVS 10.0094
II 2G (1GD)
Ex ia [ia Ga] [ia Da IIIC] IIC T4 Gb
APPROVED
CL I, ZONE 0, AEx ia IIC T4
CL I, DIV 1, GP A, B, C, D
T4 max amb 50°C
CSA 213004
67.0 mm
Exia
Ex ia [ia Ga] [ia Da IIIC] IIC T4 Gb
-10 C £ Ta £ 50 C
O
O
SAFETY INFORMATION
Li-Ion Rechargeable battery for
475 Field Communicator.
Do not charge, use and leave the
battery at the high temperature. Do not
heat the battery or throw it into fire.
Do not deform, short-circuit, modify
and disassemble the battery.
Do not allow the battery to be wetted
with or immersed in water or sea-water.
Do not subject the battery to a strong
impact or throw it.
May cause heat, explosion and fire.
2009 08 55 3
R = 1.5 mm
105
Figure B-6. Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) label
Products with the following label comply with the Waste Electrical and
Electronic Equipment (WEEE) directive, 2002/96/EC, which applies to
European Union (EU) member states only.
The label indicates this product should be recycled and not
treated as household waste. Customers in EU member states
should contact their local Emerson sales representative for
information on discarding any part of the 475 Field
Communicator.
For customers in all other world areas, if it is necessary to discard any
part of the 475 Field Communicator, follow the waste-disposal
regulations applicable in your location.
Figure B-7. RoHS label
Products with the following label are lead-free and comply with the
Restriction of the Use of Certain Hazardous Substances in Electrical
and Electronic Equipment (RoHS) directive, 2002/95/EC, which
applies to EU member states only.
The purpose of the directive is to limit the use of lead,
Pb cadmium, mercury, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated
RoHS biphenyl (PBB), and polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE)
flame retardants in electronic equipment.
106
This approval drawing can also be found on the
www.fieldcommunicator.com website.
APPROVAL DRAWINGS
THIS DRAWING IS PROPERTY OF AND PROPRIETARY TO EMERSON PROCESS
MANAGEMENT. THIS DRAWING AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN SHALL
NOT BE REPRODUCED NOR DISCLOSED TO ANYONE EXCEPT THOSE REQUIRING ITS
USE FOR CSI AUTHORIZED PURPOSES. THIS DOCUMENT SHALL BE DESTROYED OR
RETURNED TO EMERSON WHEN NO LONGER REQUIRED FOR THOSE PURPOSES.
Vt or Voc of loop must be <= 30 Vdc
It or Isc of loop must be <= 200 mA
TABLE 1 - FM ENTITY PARAMETERS
Input Parameter
Ui (Vmax) = 30 Vdc
Ii (Imax) = 200 mA
Pi (Pmax) = 1 W
Ci
= 0 uF
Li
= 0 mH
Device does not add capacitance to the loop
Device does not add inductance to the loop
FM: Class I, Division 1,
Groups A, B, C and D.
Class I, Zone 0, AEx ia IIC
CSA: Ex ia IIC
Hazardous Classified Area
FM: Class I, Division 1,
Groups A, B, C and D.
Class I, Zone 0, AEx ia IIC
CSA: Ex ia IIC
HART
Connection
Terminals
Model 475
Model 475
HART
Connection
Terminals
FM: Class I, Division 1,
Groups A, B, C and D.
Class I, Zone 0, AEx ia IIC
CSA: Ex ia IIC
Hazardous Classified Area
HART
Transmitter
FM: Class I, Division 1,
Groups A, B, C and D.
Class I, Zone 0, AEx ia IIC
CSA: Ex ia IIC
HART
Transmitter
Output Parameter
Classification: T4
Max. Ambient temp:
-10°C less than or equal to Ta
less than or equal to +50°C
Unclassified Area
Approved
Barrier or
Converter,
see Note 4
Unclassified Area
Approved
Barrier or
Converter,
see Note 4
Power
Supply
Power
Supply
UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED
DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES
DECIMALS:
± 1/32
.X ± .030
.XX ± .020
.XXX ± .010
TOLERANCES
FRACTIONS:
± 0°-30'
32
DO NOT SCALE THIS DRAWING
FINISH:
ANGULAR:
WARNING - BATTERIES MUST BE CHARGED
IN A NONHAZARDOUS LOCATIONS ONLY
WARNING - SUBSTITUTION OF COMPONENTS
MAY IMPAIR INTRINSIC SAFETY
Notes:
1. No revision to this drawing without prior FM Approval
and CSA International Approval.
2. Associated Apparatus manufacturer’s installation drawing
must be followed when installing the equipment.
3. Associated Apparatus and Model 475 Communicator
must meet the following parameters :
a) Uo, Voc or Vt of the barrier plus Voc of the Model 475
Communicator must be less than or equal to Ui (Vmax)
b) Io, Isc or It of the barrier plus Isc of the Model 475
Communicator must be less than or equal to Ii (Imax)
c) Po of the barrier plus Po of the Model 475 Communicator
must be less than or equal to Pi (Pmax)
d) Ca of barrier must be greater than or equal to Ci of the
Model 475 Communicator plus Ci of the HART Transmitter
plus Ccable
e) La of barrier must be greater than or equal to Li of the
Model 475 Communicator plus Li of the HART Transmitter
plus Lcable
f) La of Model 475 Communicator must be gre ater than or
equal to Li of the HART Transmitter plus Lcable
g) Ca of Model 475 Communicator must be greater than or
equal to Ci of the HART Transmitter plus Ccable
FM:
4. The Associated Apparatus must be FM Approved.
5. HART Transmitter must be FM Approved for use with the
Model 475 Communicator.
6. Installation should be in accordance with
ANSI/ISA RP12.06.01 “Installation of Intrinsically safe
systems for Hazardous (classified) Locations” and
the National Electrical Code (ANSI/NFPA 70).
7. Control equipment connected to Associated Apparatus
must not use or generate more than 250V.
8. Resistance between Intrinsically Safe Ground and Earth
Ground must be less than 1.0 Ohm.
CSA:
DATE
TITLE
P0
N/A
ECO NO.
4-01-09
DATE
1
OF
SHEET
4
C
SIZE
REV
DRAWING NO./PART NO.
00475-1130
SCALE
Emerson Process Management
USA
4. The Associated Apparatus must be CSA certified.
5. HART Transmitter must be CSA certified for use with the
Model 475 Communicator.
6. Installation should be in accordance with Canadian Electrical
Code, CSA 22.1, Part 1.
7. Control equipment connected to Associated Apparatus
must not use or generate more than 250V.
8. Resistance between Intrinsically Safe Ground and Earth
Ground must be less than 1.0 Ohm.
DATE
APPROVALS
DESIGNED BY:
CAD FILENAME
DATE
475-1130_sht1.dwg
1 April 09
DATE
FIRST USED MODEL NO.
DRAWN BY:
DATE
LAST REVISED BY:
RESP. ENGINEER
DATE
1 April 09
Model 475
IS Installation Drawing
MANUFACTURING ENG.
475
DOCUMENT CONTROL
Wayne Hardin
Wayne Hardin
FIGURE 1 - CONNECTION DRAWING
FOR HART DEVICE CONNECTION
Uo (Voc) = 1.9 Vdc
Io (Isc) = 32 uA
Po
= 61 uW
Ca
= 100 uF
La
= 5600 mH
MATERIAL:
FINISH:
ARTWORK FILENAME/REVISION LEVEL:
107
FF Connection
Terminals
C: \ Docum ent s and S et t i ngs\ bdpard\ Deskt op\ 475\ 475_ControlDrawing-090219_b_ACD_3.jpg
475_ControlDrawing-090219_b_ACD_2.jpg
Ci
= 0 mH
= 0 uF
Po
= 100 uF
= 61 uW
= 5600 mH
Max. Ambient temp:
-10°C less than or equal to Ta
less than or equal to +50°C
Classification: T4
Leakage current:
less than or equal to 50 uA
La
Ca
Io (Isc) = 32 uA
Uo (Voc) = 1.9 Vdc
Li
Pi (Pmax) = 1.3 W
Ii (Imax) = 380 mA
Ui (Vmax) = 30 Vdc
For Non-FISCO installation
Model 475
FM: Class I, Division 1, Groups A, B, C and D
Class I, Zone 0, AEx ia IIC
CSA: Ex ia IIC
Hazardous Classified Area
FM: Class I, Division 1, Groups A, B, C and D
Class I, Zone 0, AEx ia IIC
CSA: Ex ia IIC
Any Approved
FF Device, see Note 5
Any Approved
FF Device, see Note 5
Any Approved
FF Device, see Note 5
Any Approved
FF Device, see Note 5
MULTIPLE
FF DEVICES
( Number is
limited by the
requirement to
meet all other
IS requirement
for the network. )
FIGURE 2 - CONNECTION DRAWING
FOR FF Non-FISCO DEVICE
CONNECTION
Unclassified Area
Any Approved
Associated
Apparatus,
see Note 4
WARNING - BATTERIES MUST BE CHARGED
IN A NONHAZARDOUS LOCATIONS ONLY
WARNING - SUBSTITUTION OF COMPONENTS
MAY IMPAIR INTRINSIC SAFETY
Notes:
1. No revision to this drawing without prior FM Approval
and CSA International Approval.
2. Associated Apparatus manufacturer’s installation drawing
must be followed when installing the equipment.
3. Associated Apparatus and Model 475 Communicator
must meet the following parameters :
a) Uo, Voc or Vt of the barrier plus Voc of the Model 475
Communicator must be less than or equal to Ui (Vmax)
b) Io, Isc or It of the barrier plus Isc of the Model 475
Communicator must be less than or equal to Ii (Imax)
c) Po of the barrier plus Po of the Model 475 Communicator
must be less than or equal to Pi (Pmax)
d) Ca of barrier must be greater than or equal to Ci of the
Model 475 Communicator plus Ci of the HART Transmitter
plus Ccable
e) La of barrier must be greater than or equal to Li of the
Model 475 Communicator plus Li of the HART Transmitter
plus Lcable
f) La of Model 475 Communicator must be greater than or
equal to Li of the HART Transmitter plus Lcable
g) Ca of Model 475 Communicator must be greater than or
equal to Ci of the HART Transmitter plus Ccable
FM:
4. The Associated Apparatus must be FM Approved.
5. FF Device must be FM Approved for use with the
Model 475 Communicator.
6. Installation should be in accordance with
ANSI/ISA RP12.06.01 “Installation of Intrinsically safe
systems for Hazardous (classified) Locations” and
the National Electrical Code (ANSI/NFPA 70).
7. Control equipment connected to Associated Apparatus
must not use or generate more than 250V.
8. Resistance between Intrinsically Safe Ground and Earth
Ground must be less than 1.0 Ohm.
CSA:
4. The Associated Apparatus must be CSA certified.
5. FF Device must be CSA certified for use with the
Model 475 Communicator.
6. Installation should be in accordance with Canadian Electrical
Code, CSA 22.1, Part 1.
7. Control equipment connected to Associated Apparatus
must not use or generate more than 250V.
8. Resistance between Intrinsically Safe Ground and Earth
Ground must be less than 1.0 Ohm.
.
4
Emerson Process Management
USA
SHEET
SCALE
2
DRAWING NO./PART NO.
475-1130_sht2.dwg
CAD FILENAME
REVISION LEVEL
OF
P0
SIZE
C
108
FF Connection
Terminals
MULTIPLE
FF DEVICES
( Number is
limited by the
requirement to
meet all other
IS and FISCO
requirement
for the network. )
C :\Do cu me nts an d Se ttin gs \b dp ard\De sk to p\47 5\47 5_ Co ntro lD ra wi ng -0 90219_b_ACD_3.jpg
90219_b_ACD_2.jpg
Ci
= 0 mH
= 0 uF
Unclassified Area
WARNING - BATTERIES MUST BE CHARGED
IN A NONHAZARDOUS LOCATIONS ONLY
WARNING - SUBSTITUTION OF COMPONENTS
MAY IMPAIR INTRINSIC SAFETY
Notes:
Ca
Po
= 5600 mH
= 100 uF
= 61 uW
CSA:
Any Approved
FISCO Associated
Apparatus,
see Note 4
1. No revision to this drawing without prior FM Approval
and CSA International Approval.
2. Associated Apparatus manufacturer’s installation drawing
must be followed when installing the equipment.
“FISCO CONCEPT”
3. Associated Apparatus and Model 475 Communicator
must meet the conditions of the
see notes on Page 4
FM:
La
4. The Associated Apparatus must be FM Approved.
5. FF Device must be FM Approved for use with the
Model 475 Communicator.
6. Installation should be in accordance with
ANSI/ISA RP12.06.01 “Installation of Intrinsically safe
systems for Hazardous (classified) Locations” and
the National Electrical Code (ANSI/NFPA 70).
7. Control equipment connected to Associated Apparatus
must not use or generate more than 250V.
8. Resistance between Intrinsically Safe Ground and Earth
Ground must be less than 1.0 Ohm.
Leakage current:
less than or equal to 50 uA
Classification: T4
Max. Ambient temp:
-10°C less than or equal to Ta
less than or equal to +50°C
DRAWING NO./PART NO.
SCALE
4
Emerson Process Management
USA
4. The Associated Apparatus must be CSA certified.
5. FF Device must be CSA certified for use with the
Model 475 Communicator.
6. Installation should be in accordance with Canadian Electrical
Code, CSA 22.1, Part 1.
7. Control equipment connected to Associated Apparatus
must not use or generate more than 250V.
8. Resistance between Intrinsically Safe Ground and Earth
Ground must be less than 1.0 Ohm.
Io (Isc) = 32 uA
Uo (Voc) = 1.9 Vdc
Li
Pi (Pmax) = 1.9 W
Ii (Imax) = 215 mA
Ui (Vmax) = 17.5 Vdc
For FISCO installation
Model 475
FM: Class I, Division 1, Groups A, B, C and D
Class I, Zone 0, AEx ia IIC
CSA: Ex ia IIC
Hazardous Classified Area
Any Approved
FF FISCO Device,
see Note 5
Any Approved
FF Device, see Note 5
Any Approved
FF Device, see Note 5
Any Approved
FF Device, see Note 5
FIGURE 3 -
CONNECTION DRAWING
FOR FF FISCO DEVICE
CONNECTION
CAD FILENAME
3
SHEET
OF
REVISION LEVEL
.
P0
SIZE
C
109
FISCO CONCEPT
THE FISCO CONCEPT ALLOWS INTERCONNECTION OF INTRINSICALLY SAFE APPARATUS TO
ASSOCIATED APPARATUS NOT SPECIALLY EXAMINED IN SUCH COMBINATION. THE CRITERIA
FOR INTERCONNECTION IS THAT THE VOLTAGE (Ui OR Vmax), THE CURRENT (Ii OR Imax) AND
THE POWER (Pi OR Pmax) WHICH AN INTRINSICALLY SAFE APPARATUS CAN RECEIVE AND REMAIN
INTRINSICALLY SAFE CONSIDERING FAULTS, MUST BE EQUAL OR GREATER THAN VOLTAGE (Uo,
Voc OR Vt), THE CURRENT (Io, Isc OR It) AND THE POWER (Po OR Pmax) LEVELS WHICH CAN
BE DELIVERED BY THE ASSOCIATED APPARATUS, CONSIDERING FAULTS AND APPLICABLE
FACTORS. IN ADDITION, THE MAXIMUM UNPROTECTED CAPACITANCE (Ci) AND THE INDUCTANCE
(Li) OF EACH APPARATUS (OTHER THAN THE TERMINATION) CONNECTED TO THE FIELDBUS
MUST BE LESS THAN OR EQUAL TO 5 nF and 10 uH RESPECTIVELY.
IN EACH SEGMENT ONLY ONE ACTIVE DEVICE, NORMALLY THE ASSOCIATED APPARATUS, IS
ALLOWED TO PROVIDE THE NECESSARY ENERGY FOR THE FIELDBUS SYSTEM. THE VOLTAGE
Uo (OR Voc OR Vt) OF THE ASSOCIATED APPARATUS IS LIMITED TO A RANGE OF 14 V TO
24 Vdc ALL OTHER EQUIPMENT CONNECTED TO THE BUS CABLE HAS TO BE PASSIVE,
MEANING THAT THEY ARE NOT ALLOWED TO PROVIDE ENERGY TO THE SYSTEM, EXCEPT A
LEAKAGE CURRENT OF 50uA FOR EACH CONNECTED DEVICE. SEPARATELY POWERED
EQUIPMENT NEEDS GALVANIC ISOLATION TO ASSURE THAT THE INSTRINSICALLY SAFE
FIELDBUS CIRCUIT REMAINS PASSIVE.
THE CABLE USED TO INTERCONNECT DEVICES NEEDS TO HAVE THE PARAMETERS IN THE
FOLLOWING RANGE:
Loop Resistance R’:
15.....150 Ohm/km
Inductance per unit length L’:
0.4.....1 mH/km
Capacitance per unit length C’:
80.....200 nF
C’ = C’ line/line + 0.5C’ line/screen, if both lines are floating, or
C’ = C’ line/line + C’ line/screen, if the screen is connected to one line
Length of trunk cable:
less than or equal to 1000m
less than or equal to 30m
Length of spur cable:
Length of spur splice:
less than or equal to 1m
AT EACH END OF THE TRUNK CABLE AN APPROVED INFALLIBLE LINE TERMINATION WITH THE
FOLLOWING PARAMETERS IS SUITABLE:
R = 90.....100 Ohm
C = 0.....2.2 uF
ONE OF THE ALLOWED TERMINATIONS MIGHT ALREADY BE INTEGRATED IN THE ASSOCIATED
APPARATUS. THE NUMBER OF PASSIVE APPARATUS CONNECTED TO THE BUS SEGMENT IS NOT
LIMITED DUE TO I.S. REASONS. IF THE ABOVE RULES ARE RESPECTED, UP TO A TOTAL
LENGTH OF 1000 m (SUM OF TRUNK AND ALL SPUR CABLES) OF CABLE IS PERMITED.
THE INDUCTANCE AND THE CAPACITANCE OF THE CABLE WILL NOT IMPAIR THE
INTRINSIC SAFETY OF THE INSTALLATION.
CAD FILENAME
REVISION LEVEL
P0
4
OF
SHEET
.
SCALE
4
Emerson Process Management
USA
DRAWING NO./PART NO.
SIZE
C
110
475 FIELD COMMUNICATOR
APPENDIX C
GRAPHICS INFORMATION
OVERVIEW
The Graphics functionality enables new, graphical screens by using
enhanced Electronic Device Description Language (EDDL)
capabilities. You can now view HART or fieldbus device information as
images, charts, and graphs.
To view the graphical representations, you need a device using an
enhanced EDDL device description and a 475 Field Communicator.
The following sections provide details on the window layout, the
buttons used to modify the graphics, and the graphics options.
SCREEN LAYOUT
A 475 Field Communicator has three elements on a window: a
command bar, a tag bar, and buttons. The command bar shows the
back arrow icon, HART heartbeat or fieldbus logo, LAS indicator
(fieldbus devices only), ScratchPad application icon, and terminate
icon. The tag bar shows the device type and device tag. The buttons
let you modify the appearance of a window by panning, zooming, or
resetting the window.
The HELP key appears if there is help associated with the particular
selection. Use the left arrow button on the 475 Field Communicator or
the back arrow icon on the window to close the view and return to the
previous menu.
Figure C-1. 475 Field Communicator Screen Layout
Command Bar
Tag Bar
Buttons
www.fieldcommunicator.com
112
BUTTONS
Use the following buttons to modify the appearance of the graphs and
charts on your window:
Pan - Tap this button, select a point in the chart or graph, and
drag to move it back and forth in the window.
Area zoom - Tap this button, then tap and drag a point in the chart
to create an enlarged box. After you release your stylus from the
window, the chart enlarges to fit the area. This control is available
on strip charts and graphs only.
Zoom in - Tap this button to zoom in at a fixed rate from the
center of the chart. Tap again to repeat the action.
Zoom out - Tap this button to zoom out at a fixed rate from the
center of the chart. Tap again to repeat the action.
Reset - Tap this button to return the chart or graph to its original
home view, removing any panning or zooming you have
performed.
Drop-down list - Tap this menu to select between
different variables to highlight on the chart or the
different waveforms in the graph.
GRAPHICS OPTIONS
Images
An image is a full screen picture of a device. Images can include logos
and various graphics, such as tanks. To view the image, select the
image or drawing label in the menu. The full screen image is shown. To
return to the menu view, press any key or tap the touch screen.
Some images have links that let you run methods or view additional
menus. If an image has a link, an arrow appears next to the image or
drawing label in the menu. After you open the image, use the left arrow
key to return to the menu or press any key to launch the method or
additional menu associated with that image or drawing. If a link is not
associated with the image, press any key to return to the menu.
Figure C-2. Image Example
113
Charts
Charts display a graphic view of variables as they occur over time.
There are four major types of charts:
• Strip/sweep/scope - Displays variable data with an x-axis of time.
A strip chart continually updates the chart, scrolling from right to left.
A sweep chart paints the window from left to right, and then paints
the window from left to right again, overwriting the oldest data. A
vertical line is used to separate the old and new data. When the data
reaches the right edge of the screen, the data is then plotted from
the left edge of the screen and the x-axis is updated.
A scope chart paints the window from left to right. When the data
reaches the right edge of the screen, the screen is cleared and the
x-axis is updated.
• Horizontal bar - Displays data represented as bars from left to right.
• Vertical bar - Displays data represented as bars from bottom to top.
• Gauge - Displays a gauge chart, similar to an analog car
speedometer.
NOTE
If a chart is displayed for an extended time period, the 475 Field
Communicator will have decreased response time due to the large
number of data points in the chart.
Strip/sweep/scope charts
The strip/sweep/scope chart formats device data into a line chart that
displays device data over time. The labels and axis displayed are
determined by the device manufacturer. Use the drop-down list to
select the variable you want to highlight. The selected variable is
displayed as a bold, solid colored line. Other variables that share the
same source or same Y-axis appear as thin colored lines on the chart.
Variables that do not share the same axis as the selected variable
appear as dashed, colored lines. The colors displayed are determined
by the device description and may vary between devices.
A vertical line may be displayed in the chart to distinguish between the
old and new data. The vertical line advances as new data is displayed.
For the sweep and scope charts, the pan, zoom-in, zoom-out, and
reset affect only the Y-axis.
The time shown on the x-axis starts at the time the chart starts. The
chart update rate is determined by the device manufacturer. The
default chart update rate is 1 second.
114
Figure C-3. Strip/sweep/scope chart example
Horizontal bar charts
A horizontal bar chart formats device data into bars from left to right
and varies with time. Use the drop-down list to select the variable you
want to highlight. Additional horizontal bars may be present if more
than one variable is defined for the option you selected in the
drop-down list. The selected variable from the drop-down list appears
in color and has a black dot at the end of it. The colors displayed are
determined by the device description and may vary between devices.
The labels and axis displayed are determined by the device
manufacturer.
The chart update rate is determined by the device manufacturer. The
default chart update rate is 1 second.
Figure C-4. Horizontal bar chart example
115
Vertical bar charts
A vertical bar chart formats device data into bars from bottom to top
and varies with time. Use the drop-down list to select the variable you
want to highlight. Additional vertical bars may be present if more than
one variable is defined for the option you selected in the drop-down
menu. The selected variable from the drop-down list appears in color
and has a black dot above it. The colors displayed are determined by
the device description and may vary between devices.The labels and
axis displayed are determined by the device manufacturer.
The chart update rate is determined by the device manufacturer. The
default chart update rate is 1 second.
Figure C-5. Vertical bar chart example
Gauge charts
A gauge chart formats device data into a view similar to an analog car
speedometer and plots device data varying with time. Use the
drop-down list to select the variable you want to highlight. Additional
gauge needles may be present if more than one variable is defined for
the option selected in the drop-down list. The selected variable from
the drop-down list appears as a long, colored needle while the other
variables appear as short, colored needles. The colors displayed are
determined by the device description and may vary between
devices.There can only be a maximum number of three variables per
gauge chart. The labels and axis displayed are determined by the
device manufacturer.
The chart update rate is determined by the device manufacturer. The
default chart update rate is 1 second.
116
Figure C-6. Gauge chart example
Graphs
A graph is a snapshot line drawing of device information. Use the
drop-down list to select the variable you want to highlight. Additional
variables may be present if more than one is defined for the option
selected in the drop-down list. The selected variable from the
drop-down list appears as a bold, solid colored line while the other
variables with the same Y-axis appear as thin colored lines. The colors
displayed are determined by the device description and may vary
between devices. Variables that do not share the same Y-axis as the
selected variable appear as dashed, colored lines. The labels and axis
displayed are determined by the device manufacturer.
You may also see symbols such as squares or triangles on some
variables. These show keypoints that indicate the important values on
a graph. If more than seven variables are on the graph, “+” symbols
are displayed for the keypoints.
Figure C-7. Graph example
475 FIELD COMMUNICATOR
GLOSSARY
Alphanumeric
A character set that contains both letters and digits and, usually, other
characters, such as punctuation marks.
AMS Suite: Intelligent Device Manager
Software for remotely managing Smart devices (offline or online) over
existing HART, FOUNDATION fieldbus, or PROFIBUS DP networks. You
can use AMS Device Manager to monitor and configure devices,
maintain calibration results, run diagnostic routines, and maintain
historical data.
Bluetooth
Bluetooth is a wireless protocol for exchanging data. On the 475 Field
Communicator, Bluetooth is a licensed feature that enables wireless
communication between the 475 and a PC.
Burst mode
A communication mode in a HART transmitter to send data at regular
intervals.
Card reader
A device that is capable of reading the System Card. You can use an
approved card reader to transfer system software and device
descriptions from the Field Communicator Easy Upgrade Utility to a 475
Field Communicator. See www.fieldcommunicator.com or the readme
file for a list of supported card readers.
CDC
Communication and Diagnostic Circuitry. You can view the CDC version
by tapping Settings | About from the Field Communicator Main Menu.
Commissioned device
A device that has been setup to communicate with a host system.This
usually includes assigning a permanent address to the device. For
DeltaV systems, the device would be at an address between 20-35.
Other host systems may use a different address range.
Some operations on the 475 Field Communicator are disabled for
commissioned devices because they could cause process disruption.
See Section 4 Fieldbus functionality for more information.
www.fieldcommunicator.com
118
Data Link Time
Data Link Time is a network-wide time periodically distributed by the
LAS to synchronize all device clocks on the bus.
Device
See HART device or fieldbus device.
Device configuration
Parameters that define the physical attributes and operating
characteristics of a device. It does not include dynamic data.
Device configuration management
A licensed feature that lets you save up to 1000 HART device or user
configurations, depending on file size, to a System Card. It also lets
you print and back up (save) the configurations using the Field
Communicator Easy Upgrade Utility.
Device description (DD)
A set of instructions written in the HART or FOUNDATION fieldbus
Device Description Language that defines the parameters, commands,
and methods that a host application uses to communicate with a HART
or FOUNDATION fieldbus device.
DDL
Device Description Language. A specialized programming language
used to write device descriptions for HART or FOUNDATION
fieldbus-compatible devices. See also Device Description.
Easy Upgrade option
A licensed feature that lets you use the Field Communicator Easy
Upgrade Utility to update the system software and DDs in your 475
Field Communicator. See your sales representative or the Online
Licensing feature in the Easy Upgrade Utility for more information on
purchasing this license.
EDDL
Electronic Device Description Language. Enhancements to the EDDL
language enable device information to be displayed as images, charts,
and graphs.
Event capture file
An ASCII file (.rec file) that captures your keystrokes, display windows,
and protocol communication messages on a 475 Field Communicator.
Event Capture files can be useful in diagnosing problems. To create
Event Capture files on a 475, you must enable the Event Capture
function from the Settings menu.
119
Fieldbus device
A device that communicates information using the fieldbus protocol on
a digital, serial, multidrop data bus.
Fieldbus Foundation
The organization that develops and supports FOUNDATION fieldbus, an
international, interoperable standard for communication of process
automation and control information. Members include suppliers and
end users of process control and manufacturing automation products.
Support for the standard includes education, interoperability and
conformance testing, testing tools, and development software.
FOUNDATION fieldbus
A specific fieldbus technology developed and supported by Emerson
Process Management and the other members of the independent
Fieldbus Foundation. FOUNDATION fieldbus technology uses device
descriptions and function blocks to enable intelligent devices to
execute control functions traditionally performed by a distributed
control system.
Graphics
A feature that enables the 475 Field Communicator to display device
information as images, charts, and graphs by using enhanced
Electronic Device Description Language, EDDL. To view the graphical
representations, you need a device using an enhanced EDDL device
description.
HART device
A device that communicates information using the HART protocol.
HART loop
A communication network in which the master and slave device are
HART-smart or HART-compatible.
HART protocol
Highway Addressable Remote Transducer communication protocol.
An industry-standard protocol for digitally enhanced 4-20 mA
communication with Smart devices.
HART tag
An 8-character field used to identify a device. A 32-character long tag
is also possible with HART Universal Revision 6 or higher devices.
This field is stored in the HART device and can be modified.
120
Instantiation
Some FOUNDATION fieldbus devices support instantiation of function or
transducer blocks in the device. This means the device allows a
command to be sent to it that will create (instantiate) additional
function or transducer blocks in the device. After instantiation, these
blocks operate like any other block in the device. The 475 Field
Communicator supports the commands to instantiate and to delete
function and transducer blocks in a fieldbus device.
Internal Flash
Non-volatile memory that stores the operating system, application
software, internal device configurations, Event Captures, fieldbus
statistics, and user generated text files.
Intrinsic Safety (IS)
Circuits that are designed to limit the amount of energy consumed or
provided to devices to levels below those that are required to ignite
specific types of hazardous materials under fault and no fault
conditions.
Also a method of providing safe operation of electronic process-control
instrumentation in hazardous areas, such as flammable environments.
IS systems keep the available electrical energy in the system low
enough that ignition of the hazardous atmosphere cannot occur.
Intrinsic Safety barrier
A physical entity that limits the current and voltage into a hazardous
area in order to satisfy Intrinsic Safety requirements.
IrDA
Infrared Data Association, a non-profit trade association that
establishes standards for infrared communications between devices
such as personal computers, printers, and handheld devices.
The 475 Field Communicator can use an IrDA adapter to communicate
with the Field Communicator Easy Upgrade Utility or AMS Device
Manager.
Lead set
A cable with two 4mm banana plugs used to connect to a device.
Link Active Scheduler (LAS)
The bus arbiter for the segment. The LAS recognizes and adds new
devices to the link, removes non-responsive devices from the link, and
distributes Data Link (DL) and Link Scheduling (LS) time on the link.
121
Link Master
A Link Master device controls when devices access the fieldbus and
executes the link schedule, which synchronizes communications with
function block execution on the fieldbus. The H1 card or any device
that supports Link Master functionality can function as a Link Master
device. Only one Link Master device can be active at a time on the
fieldbus segment. This device is called the LAS.
Link Master Configuration
An option to set a device as a basic or link master device. Only devices
that are capable of being a Link Active Scheduler have this option on
the Field Communicator.
Link Scheduling time
Link Scheduling time is a link-specific time represented as an offset
from Data Link Time. It is used to indicate when the LAS on each link
begins and repeats its schedule. System management uses it to
synchronize function block execution with the data transfers scheduled
by the LAS.
Lithium Ion Power Module
A Lithium Ion (Li-Ion) battery used to power the 475 Field
Communicator. The battery has a green, 6-pin power supply/charger
connector. See Figure 2-1 on page 12 for the location of this
connector. The battery must be charged by the Field Communicator
power supply/charger with the matching green connector.
Online licensing
A feature in the Field Communicator Easy Upgrade Utility to select and
download new licenses that enable additional functionality in the 475
Field Communicator. You can order and download licenses for Easy
Upgrade and Fieldbus application. The 475 Field Communicator must
be licensed for the Easy Upgrade option before you can download a
license for the Fieldbus application. See the Easy Upgrade Utility Help
for more information.
Personal computer (PC)
Synonymous with microcomputer, a computer that serves one user in
the office or the home.
Polling
A method of sequentially interrogating a network to determine which
devices are present.
Process variable (PV)
A process parameter that is being measured or controlled (for
example, level, flow, temperature, mass, or density).
122
Resource CD or DVD
A CD or DVD included with the purchase of a 475 Field Communicator.
It contains electronic copies of product documentation, the install file
for the Easy Upgrade Utility, and the latest system software and device
descriptions at the time the CD or DVD was created.
The Resource CD contains English versions of the documentation,
system software, and Easy Upgrade Utility. The Resource DVD
contains the documentation and software in English and additional
languages.
Segment (Fieldbus only)
The section of a fieldbus that is terminated in its characteristic
impedance. Segments are linked by repeaters to form a complete
Fieldbus.
Shout/deaf mode
A communication mode in the 475 Field Communicator where the
amplitude of the 475 signal is increased. The 475 Field Communicator
icon (with a solid or
determines when to enter this mode. The
hollow heart) indicates when the 475 Field Communicator is in this
mode.
Standby
A power option that turns off the screen display and parts of the 475
Field Communicator. Use this feature to save battery life or to reduce
the boot-up time. The green light on the Power key slowly flashes to
indicate the 475 Field Communicator is in standby mode.
System Card
An internal Secure Digital Card with non-volatile Flash memory. A copy
of installable 475 Field Communicator application software exists on
every System Card. The System Card also stores HART device
configurations and all HART and FOUNDATION fieldbus device
descriptions.
System Card serial number (S/N)
The serial number assigned by the manufacturer to a Secure Digital
(SD) card. The System Card Serial Number uniquely identifies a 475
Field Communicator System Card.
User configuration
A configuration that is created offline or that is transferred to a 475
Field Communicator from another program. Editing a device
configuration within the 475 Field Communicator will change it to a
user configuration.
123
User data file
A text (.TXT) file created by a user either on a PC or with the
ScratchPad application on the 475 Field Communicator. User data files
can be transferred between the Field Communicator Easy Upgrade
Utility and a 475.
WirelessHART adapter
A HART device that meets the WirelessHART standard and enables a
wired HART device to join a Wireless network and communicate with
the gateway.
WirelessHART device
A digital HART device that meets the HART 7 WirelessHART standard
and has been enhanced with wireless capability to function within a
Wireless network. This device is not connected to a 4-20mA loop.
124
475 FIELD COMMUNICATOR
Index
Symbols
.hcf files 29, 44
.rec files 27, 118
.txt files 34, 123
A
About setting 24
advanced features 72
alphanumeric keypad 17, 91
AMS Device Manager
communicate with 28
definition 117
System Card does not appear 44
analog output 48
approval drawing 106
asterisk 41, 42, 50, 69, 72
ATEX 100
auto-off timer
disabled 24, 26, 30, 34, 37
enable 25
B
back arrow 16
backlight
adjust 24
intensity 26
key 18, 23
setting 26
timer 24, 26
basic setup menu 50
battery
charge 12
conserve power 23, 25
labels 104
lights 12, 93
operating time 93
reduced life 18, 26
remove 22
storage guidelines 93
usage guidelines 11
bench wiring
fieldbus device 63
HART device 46
block
www.fieldcommunicator.com
delete 73
device 69
instantiate 73
Block List 66
blue light 31
Bluetooth
certification 99, 100
connect 30
definition 117
overview 30
symbol on keypad 15, 31
view license 25
brightness, see backlight
24
burst mode 49, 117
C
Canadian Standards Association
101
card reader
connect 32
definition 117
supported 32
CE Compliance 100
certifications 99
charts 113
Clock 24
communication and diagnostic circuitry 24, 117
communication terminals 15
configuration
device 41, 118
limited number in Internal Flash
18
limited number in System Card
18, 118
management license 118
offline 41, 42
online 49
opening 42
partial 41
sending to a device 43
sort 42
transferring between a PC 44
126
user 41, 122
configure
Fieldbus Application 75
HART Application 52
connecting
250-ohm resistor 47
fieldbus device 63
fieldbus segment 64
HART device 46
HART loop 45
load resistor 46
D
D/A trim 50
damping 50, 52
data link time 118
date/time 24
DDL 118
DeltaV System Polling checkbox 75
detail 71
detailed setup 51
device
address 71
blocks 69
configuration 118
ID 71
revision 71
setup 50
status 70
tag 50, 71
test 50
Device Configuration Management
118
Device Dashboard 48, 66
device description
add new 33
definition 118
icons 56, 76
incompatible 56
installed 56, 76
storage 18
tested 56
untested 56
diagnostics
and service 50
Fieldbus 77
HART 57
disconnecting
HART device 57
display, see touch screen
E
Easy Upgrade license 118
renew 33
view expiration date 25
Easy Upgrade Utility
connection types 30
install 28
overview 28
upgrade Field Communicator 33
EDDL 51, 75, 118
Electro Magnetic Compatibility 100
enclosure rating 92
Enter key 17
environmental specifications 95
error messages 84
European directive information 100
Event Capture 27, 118, 120
F
Factory Mutual 101
fast key 40
FCC 99
Field Communicator Main Menu 22
Fieldbus 23
connecting 62
diagnostics 77
Foundation 119
online 61
starting the application 61
Utility menu 75
fieldbus
bench wiring 63
field wiring 64
functionality 59
terminals 62
filter
sort 42
tag 42
FILTR button 42
flash, see internal flash 18
Fn key, see Function key 18
Foundation fieldbus
Application 59
definition 119
Function
key 15, 18
function
blocks 69
127
G
gauge chart 116
graphics 119
buttons 112
controls 112
enhanced DDs 51, 75
fieldbus devices 75
HART devices 51
license 51
options 112
overview 111
graphs 116
H
HART 23
device 119
diagnostics 57
functionality 39
icon 49
long tag 55
loop 45, 46, 80, 119
main menu 40
Offline menu 41
polling options 53
protocol 119
short tag 55
simulation 56
starting application 40
tag 119
terminals 45
Utility menu 52
wiring 46
hazardous locations certifications
ATEX 100
CSA 101
FM 101
IECEx 101
HOME 48
horizontal bar chart 114
hot key
removing 53, 55
setting up 52
I
I/O block schedule 72
IECEx 101
ignored status messages 55
images 112
instantiate blocks 73, 120
Internal Flash 55, 91, 120
Intrinsic Safety 120
IrDA
adapter 31
association 120
overview 31
K
keypad, see also alphanumeric
keypad
KL option 95
L
label
battery 104
drawings 102
Intrinsic Safety 103
RoHS 105
WEEE 105
LAS, see Link Active Scheduler 60
license
add new 33
available 25
view existing 25, 33
lights
battery 12
Bluetooth 15
Charge Indicator button 15
Function key 15
Power key 15
power supply/charger 14
Link Active Scheduler 60, 65, 120
Link Master Configuration 60, 74
Link Master devices 60, 121
Link Scheduling time 121
Listen for PC 17, 30
load resistor 46
long tag 55
loop
HART 119
terminals 45
test 50
troubleshooting 80
lower range value 48
M
maintenance 37
Maximize Power Savings 25
memory
specifications 91
types 18
128
menu
Block 69
Fieldbus Diagnostics 77
Fieldbus Main 61, 75, 76
Fieldbus Online 61, 75
Fieldbus Utility 61, 75, 76
HART diagnostics 57
HART Offline 41, 42
HART Online 48, 51
HART Utility 53, 54, 55, 56
Hot Key 52
title 55
messages
error 84
ignored status 55
safety 9, 39, 59
status 84
methods 70
microprocessor 91
modes 66
actual 68
block 69
burst 49, 117
change 68
MAN 69
out of service 69
parameters 67
shout/deaf 49, 122
target 68
types 67
N
navigation keys 17
O
Online
Fieldbus menu 61, 65
HART menu 48
Licensing 121
operating system 24
ordering information 95
output trim 51
P
parameters
changing and sending data 69
displaying blocks 69
functionality 69
modes 67
personal computer 92, 121
physical device tag 71
physical specifications 91
polarity 62
polling 53, 75, 121
Power 25
Power key
disabled 30, 34
functionality 16
turn on 475 22
power management timers 25
Power Module
definition 121
see battery
power supply/charger
guidelines 11
lights 14
specifications 94
voltage 94
primary variable 48
process variables 50, 121
processor specifications 91
product precautions 10
protocol
fieldbus 119
HART 119
R
R&TTE 100
RAM 18, 91
range values 50
reference 91
re-flash 24
re-image 24
resistance
troubleshooting 80
Retrain Battery 26
review menu 51
RoHS 105
rubber boot 19
S
safety messages 9, 39, 59
saving
online configuration 49
text 36
scaled D/A trim 50
schedule I/O block 72
scope chart 113
ScratchPad
application 17
129
new 35
opening 35
saving text 36
screen. See touch screen 26
segment 122
sensor setup 51
sensor trim 50, 51
Settings
About 24
Backlight 24
Clock 24
Contrast 25
Event Capture 27
Licenses 25
Memory 27
Power 25
Power Button 26
Retrain Battery 26
Touch Screen 26
short tag 55
shout/deaf mode 49, 122
shut-down timer. see auto-off timer
shutting down 22, 23, 79
simulation 56
soft input panel (SIP) 16
specifications 91–95
standby
definition 122
enter/leave 23
mode 16, 23, 25
timer 23, 24, 25, 26, 30, 34, 37
status
device 70
messages 84
number of ignored 55
storage 18
cleanup 55
guidelines 92, 93
strip chart 113
stylus
location 15, 19
using 16
sweep chart 113
System Card
connect with card reader 32
definition 122
does not appear in AMS Device
Manager 44
install 14
remove 22
serial number 25, 122
specifications 91
system software
add new 33
version 9, 22
T
Tab key 17
tag
access 50
alphanumeric 50
device 52, 71, 111
filter 42
HART 119
polling 54
Temperature 92
terminals 15, 45, 62, 92
terminate button 16
test
device 50
loop 50
time/date 24
timers
auto-off 24, 25, 30, 34, 37
backlight 24, 26
standby 23, 24, 30, 34, 37
touch screen
layout 111
specifications 91
using 16
trim
D/A 50
scaled D/A 50
sensor 50
troubleshooting 79
U
unit name
assign 29
view 25
untested device description 10
upper range value 48
user configuration 41, 122
user data file 123
Utility menu
Fieldbus 61, 75, 76
HART 40, 52, 53, 55, 56
130
V
V(FUN) 75
V(NUN) 75
ValveLink Mobile 37
vertical bar chart 115
voltage 57, 61
troubleshooting 80
W
WEEE 105
weight 91
WirelessHART adapter 54, 123
WirelessHART device 123
wiring
fieldbus 63, 64
HART 46
troubleshooting 81
X
XPAND button 42
Emerson Process Management
Asset Optimization
12001 Technology Drive
Eden Prairie, MN 55344 USA
T 1(952) 828-3633
F 1(952) 828-3006
www.fieldcommunicator.com
©2014, Emerson Process Management.
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