Yamaha POCKETRAK PR7 Specifications

RECORDER
Using the Reference Manual
The PPOCKETRAK PR7 Reference Manual (this book) enables you to use a
terminology search function and a link function.
Searching for terminology
To search for terminology, use the search function built into the software
application that displays this book.
If you are using Adobe Reader to display this book, type in a term in the search
bar field, then press the <Enter> key on the computer keyboard.
The application will search for the term inside the book.
Viewing the previous or next page
Reference Manual
If you are using Adobe Reader to display this book, you can go back to the
previous view, forward to the next view, or jump back and forth to a pre-link
page. This feature is convenient if you want to return to a page after you jump
to a different page via the page link.
Using the functional tree table
The functional tree table for the PR7 is illustrated on page 3.
Use this diagram if you want to refer to a description of the screen or the
various functions of the PR7.
EN
Contents
Contents
Functions Useful for Musical Instrument Practice .................. 24
Using the Reference Manual ............................................................................. 1
Using the tuner............................................................................................... 24
Using the metronome..................................................................................... 25
Adjusting the playback speed ......................................................................... 26
Features..................................................................................... 3
Handling Audio Files ............................................................... 27
Folder structure ..............................................................................................
About the limitations of files and folders .........................................................
About the file naming rules.............................................................................
About the file format ......................................................................................
Copying files...................................................................................................
Dividing a file .................................................................................................
File names after division..................................................................................
Deleting files...................................................................................................
File names after deleting .................................................................................
Moving a file ..................................................................................................
File names after moving..................................................................................
File naming rules for dividing, deleting or moving a file ..................................
Connecting a computer to the PR7 and transferring a file ...............................
Moving files from one folder to another inside the MUSIC folder ....................
Downloading software....................................................................................
List of Functions........................................................................ 3
Controls and Functions ............................................................. 4
Understanding the Information on the LCD Screen................. 6
Preparing the PR7..................................................................... 7
Inserting a battery and a microSD card (sold separately) ................................... 7
Turning the power on or off ............................................................................. 7
Setting the calendar.......................................................................................... 7
HOME screen ............................................................................. 8
Basic Operation......................................................................... 9
Recording/stopping/playing back/setting the recording and playback levels ..... 9
Selecting the save destination for a recorded file............................................. 10
Changing the recording format (sound quality) .............................................. 11
Adjusting the playback speed.......................................................................... 13
Fast forward and fast reverse........................................................................... 13
Pausing during playback or recording ............................................................. 13
Selecting the next or previous file ................................................................... 13
Reducing noise in the low range ..................................................................... 14
Preventing excessive input levels..................................................................... 14
Recording with a tonal quality that suits the musical instrument
(Selecting a preset) ......................................................................................... 15
Switching the external device setting.............................................................. 15
Recording slightly earlier than the recording start time ................................... 16
27
27
27
27
28
29
29
30
30
31
31
32
32
34
34
Other Functions ....................................................................... 35
Using the system setting menu .......................................................................
Accessing the system setting menu.................................................................
Setting the calendar........................................................................................
Initializing all parameters to factory default settings ........................................
Formatting (Initializing) the built-in memory and a microSD card ...................
Switching the REC LED on or off .....................................................................
Switching the tuner’s pitch indication.............................................................
Displaying the firmware version ......................................................................
35
35
35
36
36
37
38
38
Error Messages ........................................................................ 38
Markers ................................................................................... 17
Specifications .......................................................................... 39
Marker mode screen .......................................................................................
Adding a marker .............................................................................................
Jumping to a marked position.........................................................................
Deleting a marker ...........................................................................................
Repeat playback between the markers ............................................................
Index........................................................................................ 40
17
17
18
18
18
Overdubbing (Layered Recordings)........................................ 20
Overdubbing mode screen ............................................................................. 20
Overdubbing .................................................................................................. 20
* Illustrations and screens that appear in this manual are intended to help explain various
operations. Therefore, they may differ slightly from actual specifications.
2
Reference Manual
Features
Features
List of Functions
HOME screen
Folder/File number indication
File date indication
Recording format (sound quality)
indication
Available recording time indication
• High-performance crossed XY stereo microphones
The crossed XY stereo microphones resolve left and right phase difference, and
enable high-quality, naturally-sounding stereo recording with a deep sound field.
• Overdubbing ➔ page 20
The PR7’s overdubbing feature enables you to record an additional layer of audio
(such as voices or musical performances) on top of an already-recorded sound. This
function is tremendously helpful for recording your song writing ideas or
arrangements.
• Editing markers ➔ page 17
Markers are convenient for locating a playback position or for repeating playback,
and can be edited as many times as you like during recording and/or playback.
• Peak limiter ➔ page 14
The limiter automatically adjusts excessive input levels for distortion-free recording.
• Tuner and metronome ➔ page 24
Tuner and metronome support practicing musical instruments or choir.
• Presets for musicians ➔ page 15
Presets for musicians provide optimal settings for recording different musical
instruments.
8
8
Main functions
Stop
Playback
Recording
Playback level adjustment
Fast forward/fast reverse
File selection
Overdubbing
9
9
9
9
13
13
20
Markers
Add
Move
Delete
17
18
18
REC LEVEL (Recording level)
Input level adjustment
Playback level adjustment
(Overdubbing)
MENU
TUN (Tuner)
MET (Metronome)
SPD (Playback speed adjustment)
FILE (Handling files)
COPY
dIV (Dividing a file)
trnS (Moving a file)
DEL (Deleting a file)
FILE (Deleting a selected file)
FOLdEr (Deleting all files in the
folder)
FOLDER (Switching a folder)
rEC (REC folder)
MSC (MUSIC folder)
3
PRESET (Recording preset)
8
8
15
REC MENU (Recording settings)
MP3 PCM
(Recording format [sound quality])
PCM (kHz/bit)
MP3 (kbps)
SD (Selecting memory)
Int (Built-in memory)
Sd (microSD card)
PRC (Pre-recording)
On
OFF
HPF (High-pass filter)
On
OFF
DYN (Dynamics control)
OFF
LIM (Limiter)
ALC HI (Auto Level Control: high)
ALC LO (Auto Level Control: low)
EXT (Switching external input)
LInE (Line-in device)
MIC (External condenser mic)
11
11
10
10
10
16
16
16
14
14
14
14
14
14
14
14
15
15
15
SYS (System settings)
CAL (Calendar)
YEAR
Mo (Month)
dAY (Day)
hour (Hour)
MIn (Minute)
LEd (REC LED)
On
OFF
TUnEr (Tuner’s pitch indication)
SHrP (Sharp #)
FLAt (Flat )
rESET (Initializing menu settings)
ForMAt (Initializing the memory)
Int (Built-in memory)
Sd (microSD card)
VEr (Version information)
7
7
8
8
8
8
37
37
37
38
38
38
36
36
36
36
38
11
9, 21
21
24
25
26
27
28
29
31
30
30
30
11, 27
27, 33
Reference Manual
Controls and Functions
1 Built-in microphones
The PR7 features XY-type microphones.
7 [REC LEVEL] button
Sets the recording level or playback level for overdubbing.
Setting the recording level ➔ page 9
Overdubbing ➔ page 20
2 REC LED
Lights up steadily or flashes during
recording or operation.
8 [MARK] button
Places the PR7 into marker mode, which enables you to insert markers into files
(page 17).
3 LCD screen
Displays various information.
Understanding the Information on the LCD
Screen ➔ page 6
9[
] (Play) button
If the HOME screen is displayed this button starts or pauses file playback, or starts
recording.
If the menu or any setting screen is displayed, this button functions as an Enter
(execute) button to confirm parameter settings and edits.
Controls and Functions
1
2
4
3
5
6
4
8
9
7
C
A
0
B
(Power on/Standby)/[■] (Stop) button
If the power is off (standby mode), press
this button once briefly to turn the power
on. Press and hold down the button for
about three seconds to turn the power off
(standby).
To stop playback or recording, press this
button.
While the LCD screen displays any mode
screen other than the HOME screen, press
this button to return to the HOME screen.
Press this button repeatedly while the
HOME screen is displayed to switch to the
following screen in the sequence.
Folder name and file number ➔ Date and
time ➔ Recording format for the selected
file (tonal quality) ➔ Available recording
time ➔ Folder name and file number ➔
...
About HOME screen ➔ page 8
0 [REC SET] button
Enables you to change the recording format (sound quality), switch the save
destination for recorded files between the built-in memory and a microSD card,
and set other recording parameters.
A [MENU] button
Selects functions other than recording, such as the tuner or metronome.
Using the tuner ➔ page 24
Using the metronome ➔ page 25
Adjusting the playback speed ➔ page 26
B [+]/[–] buttons
Adjust the PR7’s audio volume if the HOME screen is displayed.
These buttons also enable you to edit parameter values or select a setting item if a
menu screen or mode screen is displayed.
If the marker mode screen is displayed, this button enables you to add or delete
markers or turn the Repeat function on or off.
C [<]/[>] buttons
Enable you to select an audio file or navigate the screen. During playback, these
buttons are used to fast reverse and fast forward respectively.
5 [●] (Record) button
Stands by, starts, or pauses recording.
6 [OVERDUB] button
Places the PR7 into overdubbing mode,
which enables you to overdub an existing
recorded file (page 20).
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Reference Manual
Controls and Functions
1
1
2
3
4
PHONES jack
This is a stereo mini jack to which you can connect your
headphones or an external device.
While this jack is connected, the built-in speaker is
automatically turned off.
1 Battery compartment
Insert an AAA battery here.
2 microSD card slot
Insert a commercially-available microSD/
microSDHC card here.
2 MIC/LINE IN (external input) jack
This is a stereo mini jack to which you can connect an
external condenser microphone or an external device,
such as a CD player or electronic musical instrument.
While this jack is connected, the built-in microphones
are automatically turned off.
3 Threaded socket for a tripod
Use this socket to attach the PR7 to a tripod.
The thread size is 1/4 inch (6.35mm).
4 Speaker
You can listen to a recording on the spot.
3 [HOLD] switch
Disables all control buttons on the PR7 to avoid
accidental operation during transport or recording.
If you turn on the Hold function while the unit is
stopped, the unit will display the clock.
4
1
4 USB terminal
Connect your computer here to transfer audio files to
and from the built-in memory or the installed microSD
card.
Handling audio files ➔ page 27
Connecting the PR7 to a computer ➔ page 32
2
3
5
1
2
Reference Manual
Understanding the Information on the LCD Screen
3 Recording/Playback/Repeat playback display area
This area indicates the status of the current recording, playback, or repeat playback.
Understanding the Information on the
LCD Screen
4 Meter area
This area indicates the playback or recording level by using graphic meters.
If you are using the tuner or metronome, this area will display the appropriate
information.
NOTE
During operation, the PR7 does not display all of the following indicators and items at
the same time.
3
6
5 Time/Message display area
The HOME screen displays the playback/recording time or remaining time in the
format of hours:minutes:seconds.
Other information or messages may be displayed depending on the selected mode.
7
1
2
6 File/Marker display area
On the HOME screen, this area indicates the folder and file numbers. In Marker
mode, this area indicates the marker number.
Other information displayed here varies depending on the selected mode.
4
7 Recording setting area
Press the [REC SET] button on the PR7 to display this area.
The indicator of the currently-selected menu will flash. Use the [+] or [–] button to
select a menu item, then press the [
] (Play) button to display the corresponding
menu screen.
To return to the HOME screen, press the [REC SET] button again or the [■] (Stop)
button.
5
8
8 Mode area
This area indicates the parameters of the currently-selected mode. The information
displayed on the screen varies depending on the mode.
1 Remaining battery power
The battery indicator on the LCD screen
Remaining battery power
indicates the amount of remaining battery
power, as shown on the right.
High
Low
If the remaining battery power is getting low,
the availability of certain functions, such as
copying or dividing a file, will be limited. Replace the battery with a new one at
your earliest convenience.
2 Menu area
Press the [MENU] button on the PR7 to display this area.
The indicator of the currently-selected menu will flash. Use the [+] or [–] button to
select a menu item, then press the [
] (Play) button to display the corresponding
menu screen.
To return to the HOME screen, press the [MENU] button again or the [■] (Stop)
button.
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Reference Manual
Preparing the PR7
Preparing the PR7
Turning the power on or off
Turning the power on
Press the [■] (Stop) button.
Inserting a battery and a microSD card (sold
separately)
1. Open the battery compartment cover.
2. Insert a
3. Insert an alka-
microSD card.
line dry-cell
battery.
Turning the power off
Press and hold down the [■] (Stop) button for at least three seconds while the
PR7 is stopped.
The power will also turn off automatically when no operation has been performed on
the device for a certain length of time.
4. Close the battery compartment cover.
AAA-size
alkaline battery
Setting the calendar
When you turn on the power to the PR7 for the first time, set the calendar.
The calendar’s time stamp is used for the file information. We recommend that you set
the calendar correctly.
1.
microSD card
Press the [+] or [–] button to specify the year, then press the [
button.
] (Play)
WARNING
Use the battery at an ambient temperature of 5 to 35 degrees Celsius (41 to 95
degrees Fahrenheit). Do not leave the unit or the battery in a car.
CAUTION
When you replace the battery, be sure to first turn the power off to the unit. Otherwise,
malfunction or damage to the data may occur.
NOTE
• You can use an AAA rechargeable battery (NiMH battery) instead. NiMH battery life is
estimated to be about 70% of that of an alkaline battery. Also, NiMH battery power
voltage is different from that of an alkaline battery. Therefore, the remaining battery
power may not be displayed correctly. Please note that you cannot recharge an NiMH
battery using the PR7.
• The microSD card slot supports both microSD and microSDHC card formats.
If you plan to use a microSD card, choose a 1GB–2GB microSD card, or a 4GB–32GB
microSDHC card (these cards are compatible as of January 2013). However, some
cards (depending on the manufacturer or type of card) may not work with the unit.
• For more information about microSD cards, please visit the following Yamaha Pro
Audio website:
http://www.yamahaproaudio.com/pr7/
(Continued on the next page)
7
Reference Manual
HOME screen
2.
HOME screen
In the same way, specify the month, date, hour, and minute values.
To return to the previous parameter, press the [<] button.
The HOME screen features four sets of indicators. You can select one of these four
possible HOME screens using the [■] (Stop) button.
NOTE
If a folder that contains no files is selected, HOME screen options 2 and 3 will be
unavailable.
• Option 1
Folder/File number
Current position in the file
• Option 2
File date
File recording start time
• Option 3
kbps
Recording format (sound quality)
(If the file format is not supported
for recording on the PR7, “– – – –”
will appear here.)
Duration of the entire file
• Option 4
REMAIN
3.
After you complete the settings, press the [■] (Stop) button.
The PR7 displays the HOME screen.
Available recording time
NOTE
You can also set the calendar by using the system setting menu.
About the system setting menu ➔ page 35
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Reference Manual
Basic Operation
Basic Operation
4.
After you finish setting the recording level, press the [REC LEVEL] button again.
The PR7 displays the recording standby screen.
Recording/stopping/playing back/setting the
recording and playback levels
5.
Press the [●] (Record) button again.
The PR7 starts recording.
You can also press the [REC LEVEL] button to adjust the recording level.
6.
After recording is complete, press the [■] (Stop) button.
Recording is complete and an audio file is created.
The playback position will automatically return to the beginning of the recorded
audio file.
7.
Press the [
] (Play) button.
The audio that was just recorded will play back.
8.
While the audio file is playing, press the [+] or
[–] button to adjust the playback level.
The PR7 displays the screen shown on the right.
9.
To stop playback, press the [■] (Stop) button.
The playback position will automatically return to the top of the original file.
1.
Press the [●] (Record) button.
The PR7 enters recording standby mode.
1, 5
6, 9
2, 4
7
2.
3.
To set the recording level, press the
[REC LEVEL] button.
If you already set the recording level or if
the ALC HI or ALC LO (Auto Level
Control) (➔ page 14) was activated as
the dynamics control, proceed to Step 5.
3, 8
While observing the level meter, press
the [+] or [–] button to adjust the recording level.
Set the recording level so that the level meter does not deflect all the way to the
right. The REC LED will flash rapidly if the meter deflects all the way.
Guideline for the
maximum volume
Developer’s column: Tips for recording with the
built-in microphones
If the level is too high:
You might wonder how to best orient and position
the recorder when recording with the built-in
microphones.
One rule of thumb is to point the device straight
ahead (from the built-in microphones) to the center
of the recorded sound stage.
Ideally, you should place the PR7 on a stable surface
that will not be affected by noise from the floor. If
you place the PR7 on top of a desk, place a soft cloth
underneath it so that it will not pick up unnecessary
noise. You should also take advantage of the PR7’s
excellent ability to reduce noise (page 14) and
prevent excessive level of input (page 14).
Flash rapidly
NOTE
You can set different recording levels for the built-in microphones, external
microphone, and external input.
While you are setting these levels, the screen will indicate “MIC” or “LInE”, depending
on the recording source.
9
Center of the sound
Reference Manual
Basic Operation
3.
Selecting the save destination for a recorded file
Press the [+] or [–] button to select “Int” (built-in memory) or “Sd” (microSD
card), then press the [
] (Play) button.
Follow the steps below to select the save destination for a recorded file:
1 Selecting either the built-in memory or microSD card
2 Selecting a folder in memory
Selecting either the built-in memory or microSD card
You can select either the internal memory or microSD card (sold separately) as the save
destination for recorded audio files.
The default setting is the internal memory.
NOTE
If a microSD card has not been installed in the unit, you can select only the built-in
memory.
NOTE
If you plan to use a microSD card, you must first insert a microSD card into the card
slot on the unit.
Preparing the PR7 ➔ page 7
Formatting (Initializing) a microSD card ➔ page 36
1.
Press the [REC SET] button.
2.
Press the [+] or [–] button to select the SD icon in the record setting area, then
press the [
] (Play) button.
4.
10
After the setting is complete, press the [■] (Stop) button.
The PR7 displays the HOME screen.
Reference Manual
Basic Operation
Changing the recording format (sound quality)
Selecting a folder
A location in which a recorded file is saved is called a “folder.”
You can select a folder in the selected memory as the save destination for recording.
The default setting is the R0 folder in the built-in memory, so you can perform recording
without changing the save destination. The built-in memory provides folders R0
through R9. You can organize the files by folders according to their purpose. For
example, you can store rehearsal files in folder R0 and live performance files in folder R1
so that it will be easier for you to find desired files later. However, if you would prefer to
record audio into a different folder, follow the steps below:
1.
Press and hold down the [MENU] button for at least
two seconds.
2.
Make sure that the folder select screen indicates “rEC”, then press the [
(Play) button.
You can choose the recording format from thirteen options, ranging from high-quality
PCM to the smallest-size MP3.
The default setting is PCM, 44.1kHz, 16-bit, which is the same as the sound quality of
music CDs.
Press and
hold down
1.
Press the [REC SET] button.
2.
Press the [+] or [–] button to select the MP3/PCM icon, then press the [
(Play) button.
3.
Press the [+] or [–] button to select “PCM” or “MP3”, then press the [
(Play) button.
]
]
3.
Press the [+] or [–] button to select the desired REC folder from R0 through R9.
4.
Press the [
] (Play) button to confirm the setting.
The PR7 displays the HOME screen.
]
(Continued on the next page)
NOTE
If you start recording while the MUSIC folder is selected, the PR7 will record
automatically to the R0 folder. If the R0 folder is not available for recording for some
reason, the PR7 will check other folders in sequence (R1, R2,...etc.) to find and record
into the available folder.
11
Reference Manual
Basic Operation
4.
Press the [+] or [–] button and then [
] (Play) button to specify the sampling
frequency (kHz) and the bit rate (bit) (if you selected PCM), or specify the bit
rate (kbps) (if you selected MP3).
Estimated available recording time (with internal 2GB memory)
Recording mode
Available recording
time (estimated)
Recording
mode
96kHz About 55 minutes
24bit
44.1kHz About 1 hour 55 minutes
PCM
(WAV)
96kHz About 1 hour 20 minutes
16bit
192kbps About 21 hours
MP3
128kbps About 32 hours
64kbps About 64 hours
32kbps About 127 hours
88.2kHz About 1 hour 25 minutes
48kHz About 2 hours 40 minutes
44.1kHz About 2 hours 55 minutes
The following formats are supported:
* If you record multiple files, the total available recording time will be shorter than those estimated above.
* The largest available recording space (for continuous recording) in one file is 2GB. If the recording file
size reaches 2GB, the PR7 will automatically continue recording into a subsequent file in a few
seconds (when using a microSDHC card). However, the unit will be unable to record continuously if the
recording exhausts the battery. Battery life ➔ page 39
* To display the available recording time, press the [■] (Stop) button repeatedly while the HOME screen
is displayed. ➔ page 8
• PCM (File extension: wav)
Sampling frequency (kHz): 96, 88.2 (indicated as 88), 48, 44.1 (indicated as 44)
Bit rate (bit): 24, 16
• MP3 (File extension: mp3)
Bit rate (kbps): 320, 192, 128, 64, 32
For both parameters, a higher value will result in better sound quality, but data size
will increase.
5.
320kbps About 12 hours 45 minutes
88.2kHz About 1 hour
48kHz About 1 hour 45 minutes
Available recording time
(estimated)
Developer’s column: Tips for selecting a recording format
After the setting process is complete, press the [■] (Stop) button.
The PR7 displays the HOME screen.
When you select a recording format, first consider which is more important: sound
quality or data size. Then, think about how you will use the recording before finally
deciding on the recording format.
For example, music CDs are recorded with rates of 44.1kHz/16-bit. If you are
recording for a CD, you may want to select PCM “16/44.” Generally, in music
production applications, projects use the format of 48kHz/24-bit. In the field
recording industry, in which the sounds of nature are recorded, people often use
96kHz/24-bit format.
On the other hand, music data distributed on the Internet typically features lower
resolution in the range of 320 through 128kbps. If you want to send music data via
e-mail to share a rough sketch of a song idea with your band members, selecting
32 or 64kbps would be a good choice.
It is very important to record audio with a sound quality that suits the purpose. We
recommend that you try out different formats first, and then pick the best one for
your application.
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Reference Manual
Basic Operation
Adjusting the playback speed
Selecting the next or previous file
You can adjust the playback speed. This function is useful if you practice fast phrases or
listen to precisely how notes are playing.
Adjusting the playback speed ➔ page 26
While operation is stopped or paused, press the [>] button to select the next file. Press
the [<] button to select the previous file.
Press and hold down the [<] or [>] button to continue skipping to the previous or next
file respectively.
Fast forward and fast reverse
While the PR7 is playing or while playback is paused, press and hold down the [>] button
to engage fast forward, or press and hold down the [<] button to engage fast reverse.
Press and
hold down
Previous file
Press and
hold down
Next file
NOTE
To search for a file using the information displayed on screen, first press the [■] (Stop)
button repeatedly (while the HOME screen is displayed) to select the desired screen
option. Then press the [<] or [>] button to find a file based on the displayed information.
File date
Pausing during playback or recording
Press the [
recording.
Press the [
] (Play) button during playback or recording to pause playback or
] (Play) button again to resume playback or recording.
File recording
start time
kbps
Recording format (sound quality)
(If the file format is not supported
for recording on the PR7, “– – – –”
will appear here.)
Duration of the entire file
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Reference Manual
Basic Operation
Reducing noise in the low range
Preventing excessive input levels
The PR7 features a high pass filter to help reduce noise during recording.
Especially, this filter is effective at reducing foot steps or other low-range noises.
The PR7 features a dynamics control to prevent the recording from distorting in the
event that an excessive level of audio is input unexpectedly.
NOTE
You can use this function only when recording with microphones.
NOTE
You can use this function only when recording with microphones.
1.
Press the [REC SET] button.
1.
Press the [REC SET] button.
2.
Press the [+] or [–] button to select the HPF icon in the record setting
area, then press the [
] (Play) button.
2.
Press the [+] or [–] button to select the DYN icon in the record setting
area, then press the [
] (Play) button.
3.
Press the [+] or [–] button to select “On” or “OFF” for the high-pass filter, then
press the [
] (Play) button.
3.
4.
After the setting process is complete, press the [■] (Stop) button.
The PR7 displays the HOME screen.
If the high pass filter has been turned on, the HPF icon will appear on the
HOME screen.
Press the [+] or [–] button to select the type of dynamics control from the
following options, then press the [
] (Play) button.
• OFF ........ The PR7 will record audio without using the dynamics control.
• LIM .........The limiter will be activated only if an excessive level of audio is input.
This option is suitable for recording performances of musical instruments.
• ALC HI ... The PR7 will slightly lower higher volume levels of sound, and slightly
raise lower volume levels of sound. The microphone sensitivity is set
slightly higher for this option.
This option is suitable for recording low volume level sounds, such as a
conference or interview.
• ALC LO .. The microphone sensitivity is set slightly lower for this option. This
option is suitable for recording high volume level sounds that could
cause distortion if recorded with the ALC HI setting.
NOTE
• ALC stands for Auto Level Control.
• Please note that you cannot adjust the recording level if ALC HI or ALC LO has already
been selected.
4.
14
After the setting process is complete, press the [■] (Stop) button.
The PR7 displays the HOME screen.
If the type of dynamics control is set to anything other than “OFF,” the
DYN icon will appear on the HOME screen.
Reference Manual
Basic Operation
Recording with a tonal quality that suits the
musical instrument (Selecting a preset)
Switching the external device setting
If you record audio from a device connected to the MIC/LINE IN (external input) jack,
you must select MIC (condenser microphone) or LINE (line-in device) for the input
device setting.
The PR7 offers presets that automatically adjust tonal qualities to optimize the recording
source.
NOTE
Yamaha recommends that you use a microphone with the following specifications as
an external condenser microphone.
Type: Electret condenser microphone that features plug-in power operation
Impedance: 2kΩ
Power supply: Operation guaranteed at 1.3V; Plug: mini-plug (3.5mm)
NOTE
You can use this function only when recording with microphones.
1.
Press and hold down the [REC SET] button for at
least two seconds.
2.
Press the [+] or [–] button to select the desired preset from the following
options, then press the [
] (Play) button.
Preset Name
HPF
DYN
Press and
hold down
1.
Press the [REC SET] button.
2.
Press the [+] or [–] button to select the EXT icon, then press the [
button.
3.
Press the [+] or [–] button to select “MIC” (condenser microphone) or LInE
(line-in device), then press the [
] (Play) button.
4.
After the setting process is complete, press the [■] (Stop) button.
The PR7 displays the HOME screen.
] (Play)
Application
OFF
OFF
OFF
General setting for musical instrument
bAnd
OFF
LIM
Band recording
SPEECH
ON
ALC H
FIELd
ON
OFF
Field recording
nEAr
OFF
LIM
Recording closer to the musical instrument/
close miking
Conference or speech
After the setting process is complete, the PR7 automatically displays the HOME
screen.
15
Reference Manual
Basic Operation
Recording slightly earlier than the recording start
time
Developer’s column: Using the PRC feature
PRC (Pre-recording) is a feature that enables you to record a few seconds of audio
prior to the actual recording start time. This might seem amazing, as if the
irretrievable past had been recovered. However, how it works is quite simple. The
PR7 is actually recording continually into a three-second memory buffer. Once
recording is started, data in the PRC buffer is added to the beginning of the file. On
the screen, it looks like the recording started prematurely by three seconds, but this
is normal operation.
Have you ever tried to record a band practice or live performance and thought you
had pressed the REC button in time, but later you were disappointed to find out
that the beginning of the recording was cut off? The PRC function enables you to
record extra audio of up to three seconds prior to pressing the REC button, letting
you avoid future frustration. In particular, if you plan to record an important event,
be sure to use the PRC function.
You can program the PR7 so that a maximum of three (3) seconds of audio prior to the
recording start time will be collected in a buffer, enabling you to record up to an
additional three (3) seconds of audio when the PR7 starts recording.
NOTE
If the recording format (sound quality) is set to 96kHz or 88.2kHz, a maximum of one
(1) second of audio prior to the recording start time will be recorded.
1.
Press the [REC SET] button.
2.
Press the [+] or [–] button to select the PRC icon, then press the [
button.
3.
Press the [+] or [–] button to select “On” or “OFF,” then press the [
button.
4.
After the setting process is complete, press the [■] (Stop) button.
The PR7 displays the HOME screen.
] (Play)
] (Play)
NOTE
• If the PR7 starts recording after having been placed in standby mode for
less than three seconds, audio will be recorded from the point at which the unit was
placed in recording standby mode.
• This function is disabled during overdubbing.
16
Reference Manual
Markers
Markers
Adding a marker
1.
You can insert markers in recorded audio files to quickly locate a playback position, or
repeatedly play the range between two markers. For example, after recording a long live
performance, you can place a marker at the beginning of each song so that you will be
able to quickly locate the songs for playback later.
Select an audio file.
To select an audio file in the current folder, use the [<]/[>] buttons.
NOTE
To select an audio file from another location, refer to the section below.
Selecting another folder ➔ page 11
Selecting a file on a microSD card ➔ page 10
Copying an audio file from the computer ➔ page 33
Marker mode screen
Press the [MARK] button to engage Marker mode. The following screen appears.
2.
Current marker position
While the PR7 is in Marker mode, press the [+] button at the location where
you want to add a marker.
Total number of markers in the current audio file
“Add” will appear on the screen and a marker will be added.
3.
Marker mode icon
The following rule applies to the indication of marker positions:
NOTE
You can also add a marker to the current playback position while the unit is stopped.
If you have added a marker during overdubbing, the marker will be inserted in the
overdubbed data.
You can add up to 36 markers per file.
There should be two seconds or longer between markers.
Marker number indication
0
Top of
the file
1
Marker 1
2
Marker 2
After you finish adding a marker, press the [MARK] button again to
exit Marker mode.
End of
the file
If the playback position is located at the beginning of the file, the PR7 will indicate “0”
as the marker number. If the playback position is at the end of the file, the PR7 will
indicate the number of the marker that is closest to the current position within the file.
17
Reference Manual
Markers
Jumping to a marked position
Repeat playback between the markers
Use the [<] or [>] button in Marker mode to locate a marker position.
You can repeatedly play back between adjacent markers. This is called Repeat playback.
Follow the steps below to set up Repeat playback:
NOTE
While the PR7 is playing in Marker mode, press and hold down the [<] or [>] button to
engage fast reverse or fast forward.
1.
Press the [MARK] button.
2.
Press the [
] (Playback) button to
play the song. During playback,
insert markers at the start point and
end point of the Repeat playback
portion.
3.
Press the [<] button to locate the
start point of the Repeat playback portion.
Deleting a marker
1.
While the PR7 is stopped in Marker mode, use the [<]
or [>] button to locate a marker you want to delete.
2.
Press the [+] button.
“dEL” will appear on the screen and the marker will be
deleted.
NOTE
You can delete markers only while operation is stopped or
playback is paused.
You can delete only the marker at the current location.
(Continued on the next page)
18
Reference Manual
Markers
4.
To activate Repeat playback, press the [–] button in a
location between markers for Repeat playback.
The PR7 enters the Repeat playback mode.
The following icon appears on the screen in Repeat
playback mode.
Developer’s column: Mastering difficult phrases by using Repeat playback
and playback speed adjustment
If you practice a song without a score or learn a song by ear, you may frequently
need to play back the same phrase over and over. Back in the day, we often used
cassette tapes. Playing back songs on a tape repeatedly for practice caused the tape
to stretch, resulting in pitch fluctuation.
Then, CDs arrived, bringing with them convenience and no pitch fluctuation.
However, playback speed cannot be changed. Changing playback speed is useful
for learning difficult, fast phrases. I used to dub CDs to cassette tapes, and played
the tapes on a cassette deck that featured speed adjustment. However, I remember
that even that method was not perfect because the pitch fluctuated.
The PR7 enables you to play back a song repeatedly and adjust the playback speed,
with accuracy and high quality. You can slow down the playback speed without
changing the pitch enabling you to master fast phrases by playing them back
slowly and repeatedly.
Take advantage of the Repeat playback function, as well as playback speed
adjustment (which is explained on page 26).
NOTE
• Even if the PR7 exits Marker mode while the Repeat playback icon is displayed,
Repeat playback mode will continue.
• If an audio file does not include any markers, the PR7 will play the entire file repeatedly
if you activate Repeat playback.
• If you activate Repeat playback during normal playback, the PR7 will play up to the
closest marker, then return to the previous marker and repeatedly play the portion
between these two markers. Refer to page 17 for the rule regarding the indication of
marker position.
5.
To stop Repeat playback, press the [–] button again.
19
Reference Manual
Overdubbing (Layered Recordings)
Overdubbing (Layered Recordings)
Overdubbing
Layering recording over an existing audio file is called “overdubbing.” Using the
Overdubbing function enables you to add a recording [B] of a chorus and/or a guitar
solo to an existing audio file [A] that contains only vocal and rhythm guitar
performances to create a combined audio file [A+B].
Preparing for overdubbing
Recording
The following inputs and outputs are available for overdubbing:
Input: Built-in microphones, or MIC/LINE IN (external input) jack
Output: Headphones jack (Listen to audio playback only through the headphones
so that the playback sound will not be recorded again.)
B
A
Original audio files that you wish to use for overdubbing must be in an audio format
supported by the PR7 (except MP3: 64kbps/32kbps).
Supported formats ➔ page 11
A+B
A
Playback
1.
Overdubbing mode screen
Select an audio file for overdubbing.
To select an audio file in the current folder, use the [<]/[>] buttons.
Folder name/
File number
In Overdubbing mode, the playback icon and recording icons appear at the same time.
Other information on the screen includes the number and time duration of the
currently-selected file.
Folder name/
File number
NOTE
To select an audio file from another location, refer to the section below.
Selecting another folder ➔ page 11
Selecting a file on a microSD card ➔ page 10
Copying an audio file from the computer ➔ page 33
Time
2.
20
Press the [OVERDUB] button.
The PR7 enters Overdubbing Standby mode, and starts playing back the
selected audio file automatically.
At this point you can still select a file for playback or to fast reverse or fast
forward the audio file using the [<] or [>] button. Also, you can switch to
Marker mode and add a marker using the [+] button.
If you select a file in the MUSIC folder as the original file, the PR7 will
automatically create a new file to one of the folders inside the REC folder.
Reference Manual
Overdubbing (Layered Recordings)
Adjusting the balance between the playback level and recording
level
Overdubbing
1.
1.
To adjust the playback volume of the original audio file and the
recording level of the audio signal to be overdubbed, press the
[REC LEVEL] button in Overdubbing Standby mode.
Press the [●] (Record) button while the Overdubbing Standby
screen is displayed.
The playback position will automatically return to the top of the original
file, and overdubbing will start.
2.
Press the [+] or [–] button to adjust the recording level of the audio signal to
be overdubbed.
NOTE
While the Overdubbing Standby screen is displayed, you can press the
[OVERDUB] button instead of the [●] (Record) button to start overdubbing.
Recording level
2.
3.
NOTE
This new audio file will contain a recording that ranges from the start till the end of the
overdubbing process. Therefore, please note that if you stop playback of the original
data in the middle of overdubbing, the new file created will end at the point at which
you stopped playback.
Press the [<] or [>] button to adjust the playback volume level of the original
audio file.
Playback level
4.
After recording is complete and the PR7 plays the original file to the
end, press the [■] (Stop) button.
New audio data will be dubbed over the original file, creating a new file.
The new file will be created in the same format with the original file.
Since the new audio file remains selected, you can continue
overdubbing if you like.
The original file is saved without change, so if you decide to redo the overdubbing
operation, you can select the original file and perform overdubbing once again.
After adjusting the recording level, press the [REC LEVEL] button again.
The PR7 displays the Overdubbing Standby screen.
21
Reference Manual
Overdubbing (Layered Recordings)
Punch in/out
Layering a new recording over only a specific portion of an existing audio file is called
“punching in and out” (punch in/out). With the punch in/out technique, you do not
need to record any portions of a song other than the part you want to record. It is useful,
for example, when you want to add only a guitar solo or chorus at a climactic point.
For all portions over which you do not need to layer a new recording, the original data
will be recorded into a new file as is. This copying operation is called “dubbing.” It is
something similar to what some people call “dubbing” — copying a vinyl record to a
cassette tape or CD-R. Therefore, punch in/out can be viewed as recording only the
necessary parts while dubbing the entire song.
A
Overdubbing B
A+B
After recording the necessary part, press the [●] (Record) button
again.
The PR7 returns to dubbing mode, recording only the audio data of the
original file.
4.
After the original file is dubbed up to the end, press the [■] (Stop)
button.
The PR7 creates a new audio file with only the necessary part
overdubbed.
NOTE
After overdubbing is complete and playback of the original file is over, the PR7 will
continue normal recording unless you stop the operation.
Original file A
Dubbing
3.
Dubbing
A
Press the [
] (Play) button while the PR7
displays the Overdubbing Standby screen.
The PR7 enters dubbing mode, and starts
recording only the audio data of the original file,
but not any external source.
2.
Press the [●] (Record) button slightly before the
point at which you want to start overdubbing.
The PR7 starts overdubbing, recording the external
audio source on top of the original file.
A
A
Step 1
1.
A+B
22
Step 2
Step 3
Step 4
Reference Manual
Overdubbing (Layered Recordings)
Pausing overdubbing/dubbing
1.
Developer’s column: My first overdub
Press the [
] (Play) button during overdubbing/dubbing to
pause overdubbing/dubbing.
Playback of the original file will also pause.
Press the [
] (Play) button again to resume overdubbing/dubbing
from that point.
About 30 years ago, I used to do “one man multiple chorus” sessions by myself. I
had two cassette recorders in front of me. I played a song on one of the recorders,
while singing to the song, and recorded to the other recorder. I repeated this
procedure to layer my vocal and chorus. Sometimes, our dog barked or my mother
knocked on my bedroom door, so I had to re-record some takes. Each time I added
another layer of recording, noise was introduced and would build up. By the fourth
or fifth take, the resultant recording was submerged by white noise. Yet, in those
days, it was just fun to listen to my vocals layered one by one. These days, the audio
devices have advanced and they enable you to perform high-quality overdubbing
easily. But the principal inside these devices is, and was, the same. Younger people
who have only used digital devices may not understand this experience. On the
other hand, previous generations who had to use cassette recorders for airchecks
or dubbing may feel the same as I do.
Listening to the overdubbed data
The overdubbed file will be created as a new recording in the same folder as the original
file. If you select a file in the MUSIC folder as the original file, the PR7 will automatically
create a new file to one of the folders inside the REC folder. After overdubbing is
complete, the overdubbed file will be automatically selected. Therefore, you can simply
play the file to hear the overdubbed file. If you wish, you can continue with another
round of overdubbing using the steps described in the previous section.
23
Reference Manual
Functions Useful for Musical Instrument Practice
4.
Functions Useful for Musical Instrument
Practice
Press the [+] or [–] button to specify the standard pitch, then press the [
(Play) button.
The standard pitch can be set in the range of 430Hz to 450Hz.
]
Current pitch
Key
Using the tuner
You can use the tuner function to tune your musical instrument.
1.
2.
3.
Point the built-in microphones toward the musical instrument you want to
tune.
To tune an electric musical instrument that can be connected to a line-in jack,
connect the instrument to the unit’s MIC/LINE (external input) jack.
Standard pitch (A=)
While the HOME screen is displayed, press the [MENU] button.
Menu items appear on the left side of the screen.
Press the [+] or [–] button to select “TUN”, then press the [
5.
Play and tune the musical instrument.
Tune the instrument so that the segments in the middle of the L meter will align
with the segments in the middle of the R meter.
If the instrument is correctly tuned, the screen will indicate the following meter
segments.
6.
After tuning is complete, press the [■] (Stop) button.
The PR7 displays the HOME screen.
] (Play) button.
The PR7 displays the tuner screen.
24
Reference Manual
Functions Useful for Musical Instrument Practice
Using the metronome
4.
Press the [+] or [–] button to select “On”, then press the [
] (Play) button.
If you turn on the metronome in this step, the metronome will sound during
recording. If you want to use only the metronome function, proceed to step 5.
5.
Press the [<] button to select “SEt” then press the [
] (Play) button.
The PR7 displays the metronome setting screen, and then metronome starts.
The tempo parameter is initially selected on the metronome setting screen.
The PR7 features a built-in metronome, which you can use while the unit is stopped or recording.
During recording, the metronome sound is output only from the PHONES (headphone) jack.
1.
2.
While the HOME screen is displayed, press the [MENU] button.
Menu items appear on the left side of the screen.
Press the [+] or [–] button to select “MET”, then press the [
] (Play) button.
Beat
Tempo
6.
7.
The PR7 displays the metronome screen.
3.
Press the [>] button to select the metronome On/Off parameter, then press
the [
] (Play) button.
8.
Press the [+] or [–] button to edit the tempo value, then press the [>] button.
Press the [+] or [–] button to edit the beat value.
You can set the tempo in the range of 30 to 250, and the beat in the range of 0/4
to 8/4.
If you set the beat to 0/4, the metronome will sound without any accent beats. If
you set it to 4/4, accent beats will fall on the first of every four beats. If you set it to
8/4, accent beats will fall on the first of every eight beats.
To change the tempo, press the [<] button to return to the tempo parameter.
If you select “On” in step 4, the metronome will sound (during recording) at the
beat and tempo you set here.
To return to the metronome screen, press the [<] button while you are setting the
tempo, or press the [
] (Play) button while you are setting the beat. The
metronome will stop.
After the settings are complete, press the [■] (Stop) button.
The PR7 displays the HOME screen.
NOTE
The volume level of the metronome is affected by the playback level of the PR7.
Adjusting the recording level ➔ page 9
25
Reference Manual
Functions Useful for Musical Instrument Practice
Adjusting the playback speed
4.
After adjusting the playback speed, press the [
confirm the value.
5.
After the setting is complete, press the [■] (Stop) button.
The PR7 displays the HOME screen.
] (Play) button to
You can change the playback speed of audio files without changing the pitch. This
feature is useful if you practice fast phrases or check the recording quickly.
1.
While the HOME screen is displayed, press the [MENU] button.
Menu items appear on the left side of the screen.
NOTE
Pressing the [MENU] button during playback enables you to change only the
playback speed.
The rate of the playback speed will change even if the unit displays other screens.
If the rate is set to a value other than 100%, the SPD icon will remain displayed on the
screen.
2.
Press the [+] or [–] button to select “SPD”, then press the [
] (Play) button.
The PR7 displays the playback speed screen.
Playback speed (%)
3.
Press the [+] or [–] button to set the playback speed.
You can set the playback speed as a rate in relation to the original speed, in the
range of 50 to 100% (in 5% steps), 100% (original speed), or in the range of 100%
to 200% (in 10% steps).
PCM: With files recorded at sampling rates of 96kHz/88.2kHz, you can set the
playback speed in the range of 50% to 150%.
26
Reference Manual
Handling Audio Files
Handling Audio Files
About the limitations of files and folders
The size and the number of folders and files are limited.
Recorded audio data is saved in a file. The PR7 comes with folders in which you can save
recorded files. Each folder features a predetermined function.
• The number of files per folder: Up to 99 files
As soon as you start recording the 100th file, an error message will be displayed and
you will be unable to record.
Folder structure
• Maximum file size: 2GB
If recording is extended and its size exceeds 2GB, the PR7 will automatically create
a new file and continue recording.
Folders in the PR7 are structured as follows:
NOTE
If you plan to record audio of long duration that may end up larger than 2GB, use a
microSDHC card, which can accommodate files of larger size.
Built-in memory
REC
MUSIC
MANUAL
About the file naming rules
R0
R1
R2
R9
M0
M1
M2
The PR7 automatically names recorded files in accordance with the file naming rules
shown below.
M9
010_130205_1903.wav
File number
microSD
REC
R0
R1
R2
M0
M1
M2
Recording
start time
File extension
(file format)
The name of files that are saved in the REC folder must conform to these rules. Please
note that if you change a file name, the file will no longer be recognized by the REC
folder.
Files using other name formats will be recognized if they are in the MUSIC folder.
MUSIC
R9
Date
(year, month, date)
M9
About the file format
• REC folder .................. Stores audio files that were recorded on the unit.
• MUSIC folder.............. Stores files that were copied from a computer.
PCM, MP3, and WMA files are supported for playback.
This folder is used for playback only. You cannot copy or
divide files in this folder.
• MANUAL folder.......... Stores the Reference Manual (this book). This folder is
included only in the built-in memory.
The PR7 enables you to edit only files in formats that are available recording format
options on the unit.
Determining the recording format ➔ page 12
NOTE
• Folders can be created on a microSD card if the card is inserted into the unit.
• The PR7 will recognize audio files transferred from the computer only if they are inside
the MUSIC folder.
Refer to page 32 for more information on connecting the unit to a computer.
27
Reference Manual
Handling Audio Files
Copying files
4.
Press the [+] or [–] button to select “COPY”, then press the [
] (Play) button.
The PR7 displays the copy destination and asks for confirmation of the copy
operation.
5.
Press the [<] or [>] button to select “y” (Yes), then press the [
] (Play)
button.
If you select “no”, the PR7 will return to the screen displayed in step 4.
6.
To finish the copy operation, press the [■] (Stop) button.
The PR7 displays the HOME screen.
You can copy files between the built-in memory and a microSD card.
Files can be copied from a folder in built-in memory into the folder with the same name
in the microSD card, and vice versa. For example, a file in the R0 folder can be copied
into the R0 folder in the microSD card.
1.
Select an audio file.
To select an audio file in the current folder, use the [<]/[>] buttons.
Folder name/
File number
NOTE
• To select an audio file from another location, refer to the section below.
Selecting another folder ➔ page 11
Selecting a file on a microSD card ➔ page 10
• You cannot copy files in the MUSIC folder.
2.
3.
Press the [MENU] button.
Menu items appear on the left side of the screen.
Press the [+] or [–] button to select “FILE”, then press the [
The PR7 enters File mode.
] (Play) button.
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Reference Manual
Handling Audio Files
Dividing a file
4.
Press the [+] or [–] button to select “FILE”, then press the [
The PR7 enters File mode.
] (Play) button.
5.
Press the [+] or [–] button to select “dIV”, then press the [
] (Play) button.
6.
Press the [<] or [>] button to select “y” (Yes), then press the [
] (Play)
button.
If you select “no”, the PR7 will return to the screen displayed in step 5 without
processing the file.
7.
To finish the divide operation, press the [■] (Stop) button.
The PR7 displays the HOME screen.
You can divide the currently-selected file into two. This feature can be convenient, for
example, if you want to create a separate file for each song from a long audio file
recorded at a live performance.
1.
Select an audio file.
To select an audio file in the current folder, use the [<]/[>] buttons.
Folder name/
File number
NOTE
• To select an audio file from another location, refer to the section below.
Selecting another folder ➔ page 11
Selecting a file on a microSD card ➔ page 10
• To be divided successfully, a file must be two seconds or longer in duration.
• You cannot divide files in the MUSIC folder.
2.
Play or fast forward the file to locate a point at which you wish to divide the
file.
NOTE
It would be convenient if you first insert a marker to the point at which you wish to
divide the file.
Adding a marker ➔ page 17
3.
Press the [MENU] button.
Menu items appear on the left side of the screen.
File names after division
File naming rules for dividing, deleting or moving a file ➔ page 32
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Reference Manual
Handling Audio Files
4.
Deleting files
You can delete the currently-selected file. You can also delete all files in the same folder
at once.
NOTE
If you delete files, you will be unable to restore those files. Be sure to play the file and
check its contents before you delete it.
1.
Select an audio file.
To select an audio file in the current folder, use the [<]/[>] buttons.
Press the [+] or [–] button to select whether you want to delete the current file
or all files in the folder.
To delete only the selected file, press the [
] (Play) button while the “FILE”
indicator is flashing. To delete all files in the current folder, press the [
] (Play)
button while the “FOLdEr” indicator is flashing.
Only the currentlyselected file
Folder name/
File number
All files in the
folder
NOTE
To select an audio file from another location, refer to the section below.
Selecting another folder ➔ page 11
Selecting a file on a microSD card ➔ page 10
2.
Press the [MENU] button.
Menu items appear on the left side on the screen.
3.
Press the [+] or [–] button to select “DEL”, then press the [
5.
Press the [<] or [>] button to select “y” (Yes), then press the [
] (Play)
button.
If you select “no”, the PR7 will return to the screen displayed in step 4 without
processing the file.
6.
To finish the delete operation, press the [■] (Stop) button.
The PR7 displays the HOME screen.
] (Play) button.
File names after deleting
File naming rules for dividing, deleting or moving a file ➔ page 32
30
Reference Manual
Handling Audio Files
Moving a file
4.
Press the [+] or [–] button to select “trnS” (transfer), then press the [
button.
5.
Press the [+] or [–] button to select the destination folder from the R0–R9
folders, then press the [
] (Play) button.
6.
Press the [<] or [>] button to select “y” (Yes), then press [
] (Play) button.
If you select “no”, the PR7 will return to the screen displayed in step 5 without
processing the file.
7.
To finish the move operation, press the [■] (Stop) button.
The PR7 displays the HOME screen.
] (Play)
You can move a file from one folder to another within the REC folder in memory.
1.
Select an audio file.
To select an audio file in the current folder, use the [<]/[>] buttons.
Folder name/
File number
NOTE
To select an audio file from another location, refer to the section below.
Selecting another folder ➔ page 11
Selecting a file on a microSD card ➔ page 10
2.
Press the [MENU] button.
Menu items appear on the left side of the screen.
3.
Press the [+] or [–] button to select “FILE”, then press the [
] (Play) button.
File names after moving
File naming rules for dividing, deleting or moving a file ➔ page 32
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Reference Manual
Handling Audio Files
File naming rules for dividing, deleting or moving
a file
Connecting a computer to the PR7 and
transferring a file
During the file operations, file names (numbers) will be changed according to the
following rules.
• If file R0/01 is divided, the resultant files will be named (numbered) R0/01 and R0/02.
The number of existing subsequent files will increase by one (1); for example, file
number “R0/02” will become “R0/03.”
You can connect a computer to the PR7 via a USB cable and transfer audio files.
R0/01
R0/01
R0/02
R0/02
R0/03
R0/03
R0/04
Connecting a computer
Use the supplied USB cable to connect the USB terminal on the side panel of the PR7 to
a USB port on your computer.
• If file R0/01 is deleted, the number of each subsequent file (that exists in the R0 folder)
will decrease by one (1); for example, file number “R0/02” will become “R0/01.”
R0/01
R0/02
R0/03
R0/01
R0/02
When you connect the PR7 to your Windows computer for the first time, the driver will
automatically be installed on the computer.
The computer will recognize the PR7 as a USB storage device. The computer will display
the PR7 built-in memory as “PR7” and the microSD card as “PR7SD” (if you format the
card on the PR7). You can transfer files between the PR7 and the computer the same
way you transfer files between the computer and an external hard disk drive or USB flash
drive.
• If file R0/01 is copied, the copy will be assigned the lowest available file number in the
copy destination folder (R0).
Built-in memory
microSD card
R0/01
R0/01
R0/02
R0/02
R0/03
R0/03
R0/04
R0/xx
Cautions regarding the use of the USB terminal
Be sure to follow the cautions below if you connect the unit’s USB terminal to the
computer. Otherwise, the computer and/or the PR7 may freeze, resulting in damaged
or lost data.
If the computer or the PR7 freezes, restart the operating system or application software,
or turn the power to the PR7 off and on.
• If file R0/01 is moved into the R1 folder:
1) The number of each subsequent file (that exists in the R0 folder) will decrease
by one (1); for example, file number “R0/02” will become “R0/01.”
2) The file that you moved will be assigned the lowest available file number in the
destination folder (R1).
Folder R0
R0/01
Folder R0
Folder R1
R1/01
R0/02
R0/03
R0/01
R0/02
R1/02
R1/03
R1/04
NOTICE
• Be sure to use the USB cable supplied with the unit. The unit does not support a
USB3.0 cable.
• When you disconnect the USB cable, be sure to follow the instructions and
requirements of your computer operating system.
• Before connecting or disconnecting the USB cable, wait for six seconds or longer.
R1/xx
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Reference Manual
Handling Audio Files
Copying a file from the computer
Copying a file to the computer
You can transfer audio files from a computer to the PR7 for playback or overdubbing
(➔ page 20).
You can copy audio files (that were recorded on the PR7) to a computer. In this way, you
can edit the recordings using music production software or send a copy to your band
members.
1.
2.
Connect the PR7 to the computer.
Once the PR7 is recognized by the computer, if you are using a Mac computer,
double-click the disk icon mounted on the desktop. If you are using a Window
computer, double-click “PR7” in Explorer.
Mac
1.
Connect the PR7 to the computer.
2.
Once the PR7 is recognized by the computer, if you are using a Mac computer,
double-click the disk icon mounted on the desktop. If you are using a Windows
computer, double-click “PR7” in Explorer.
3.
Open the Rxx (xx represents a number) folder inside the REC folder, then copy
a desired file and paste it to the desktop or any other location on the
computer.
Windows
microSD card
Built-in memory
Built-in memory
3.
microSD card
Drag and drop the desired audio files from the computer to Mxx (xx
represents a number) folder inside the MUSIC folder of the PR7.
The files are copied.
NOTE
The PR7 will not recognize files that are stored in any location other than folders M0 M9 in the MUSIC folder. In addition,the unit will not recognize any folders that you create.
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Reference Manual
Handling Audio Files
Moving files from one folder to another inside the
MUSIC folder
Follow the steps below to move audio files from one folder to another inside the MUSIC
folder.
1.
Connect the PR7 to the computer.
2.
Once the PR7 is recognized by the computer, if you are using a Mac computer,
double-click the disk icon mounted on the desktop. If you are using a Windows
computer, double-click “PR7” in Explorer.
3.
Open the Mxx (xx represents a number) folder inside the MUSIC folder, then
cut a file that you want to move.
4.
Paste the file into another folder.
NOTE
Alternatively, you can open both the source and destination folders, and drag and drop
a file. Either way is a standard computer operation.
Downloading software
Your PR7 comes with a license code that enables you to download “WaveLab LE” wave
editor software for editing audio files. Once you download and install such software on
an Internet-connected computers, you will be able to edit audio data that was recorded
on the PR7.
For more information on downloading software, refer to the Yamaha Pro Audio website.
http://www.yamahaproaudio.com/pr7/
34
Reference Manual
Other Functions
Other Functions
The PR7 displays the system setting screen.
You can set the parameters for other functions from the system setting menu.
Using the system setting menu
System setting menu
The system setting menu enables you to do the following operations:
• Setting the calendar ➔ page 7
• Initializing the PR7 parameters ➔ page 36
• Formatting the built-in memory and a microSD card ➔ page 36
• Switching the REC LED on or off ➔ page 37
• Switching the tuner’s pitch indication ➔ page 38
• Displaying the firmware version information ➔ page 38
3.
Press the [+] or [–] button to select a system setting menu item.
Accessing the system setting menu
Follow the steps below to access the system setting menu.
1.
2.
Power off the PR7.
Press and
hold down
Setting the calendar
While pressing and holding down the [REC SET] button, press and hold down
the [■] (Stop) button to power on the PR7.
1.
While the system setting screen is displayed, use the [+] and [–] buttons to
select “CAL” from the system setting menu items, then press the [
] (Play)
button.
2.
Follow the steps described in the “Setting the calendar” section on page 7.
2: Power on
(Press and hold down this button.)
1: While pressing and holding down
this button
NOTE
When the PR7 starts up, release the power button.
If you continue holding it, the power will turn off.
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Reference Manual
Other Functions
Initializing all parameters to factory default
settings
Formatting (Initializing) the built-in memory and
a microSD card
If you want to initialize PR7 settings due to technical issues, follow the steps below.
Please note that data stored in the built-in memory and on a microSD card, and the
Calender setting will not be initialized.
If you want to initialize the contents of the built-in memory or a microSD card, you must
format the memory or card.
1.
2.
NOTE
We recommend that you format a microSD card on the PR7 if you use the card for the
first time.
While the system setting screen is displayed, press the [+] or [–] button to
select “rESEt” from the system setting menu items, then press the [
] (Play)
button.
1.
While the system setting screen is displayed, press the [+] or [–] button to
select “ForMAt” from the system setting menu items, then press the [
]
(Play) button.
2.
Press the [+] or [–] button to select “Int” (built-in memory) or “Sd” (microSD
card), then press the [
] (Play) button.
At the confirmation screen, press the [<] or [>] button to select “y” (Yes), then
press the [
] (Play) button.
Built-in memory
The internal settings are initialized.
If you do not want to initialize the settings, select “No” in the confirmation screen.
The PR7 returns to the previous screen. Press the [■] (Stop) button to return to the
HOME screen.
microSD card
(Continued on the next page)
36
Reference Manual
Other Functions
3.
Switching the REC LED on or off
At the confirmation screen, press the [<] or [>] button to select “y” (Yes), then
press the [
] (Play) button.
You can program the PR7 so that the REC LED illumination will be on or off. If you set
the LED illumination off, the battery life will be extended.
REC LED
The PR7 formats the memory selected in step 2.
If you do not want to format the memory, select “No” at the confirmation screen.
The PR7 returns to the previous screen.
Press the [■] (Stop) button to return to the HOME screen.
1.
While the system setting screen is displayed, press the [+] or [–] button to
select “LEd” from the system setting menu items, then press the [
] (Play)
button.
2.
Press the [+] or [–] buttons to select “On” or “OFF”, then press the [
button.
] (Play)
NOTE
Even if the REC LED is set to OFF, the REC LED blinks during processing of the
device.
Press the [■] (Stop) button to return to the HOME screen.
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Reference Manual
Error Messages
Error Messages
Switching the tuner’s pitch indication
You can select # or for a pitch indicated on the tuner screen.
1.
Unit status or function
While the system setting screen is displayed, press the [+] or [–] button to select
“tUnEr” from the system setting menu items, then press the [
] (Play) button.
Built-in memory error
microSD card error
2.
Low battery
Press the [+] or [–] buttons to select “SHrP” (#) or “FLAt” ( ), then press the
[
] (Play) button.
No file
No microSD card
Version information
(This indication
means version 1.00.)
NOTE
Visit the Yamaha Pro Audio website for the latest information on the firmware.
http://www.yamahaproaudio.com/pr7/
38
Sd Error
Re-insert the card (page 7) or format the card (page 36).
➙ Power on while pressing and holding down [REC SET] >
“ForMAt” > “Sd” > “y” (Yes) (page 35)
➙ If the error persists after formatting, the unit or the
microSD card may be malfunctioning.
Lo bAt
Replace the battery with a new one (page 7).
no FILE
Select a folder that contains a file (page 11).
no SD
Insert a microSD card (page 7).
Built-in memory full
Int FULL
Delete unnecessary files from the built-in memory
(page 30), copy files to a microSD card (page 33), or move
files to a computer (page 33).
microSD card full
Sd FULL
Delete unnecessary files from the microSD card (page 30),
or move files to a computer (page 33).
Slow in recording into a
microSD card
Select a lower-quality recording format (page 11) or format
the microSD card (page 36).
➙ Power on while pressing and holding down [REC SET] >
REC Error
“ForMAt” > “Sd” > “y” (Yes) (page 35)
➙ If the error persists after formatting, the microSD card may
be malfunctioning.
File format error during
overdubbing
dUb Error
Select a file in the format that is supported for recording
(page 11).
File is too short.
Dividing position error.
The [FILE] button was
pressed while the MUSIC
folder was selected.
Edit Error
Select a file that is longer than two seconds (page 29).
Set the dividing position to anywhere in the middle. Avoid the
start or end of the file (page 22).
Select the REC folder (page 27).
File deletion error
dEL Error
From the connected computer, de-select “Read only” in the
file’s property panel, and cancel write-protection for the
microSD card.
Marker addition error
Add Error
Position the marker away from the closest markers by two
seconds or more (page 17).
Recording level setting
disabled error
ALC On
Recording level was over
Press the [■] (Stop) button to return to the HOME screen.
Int Error
Initialize the built-in memory (page 36).
➙ Power on while pressing and holding down [REC SET] >
“ForMAt” > “Int” > “y” (Yes) (page 35)
➙ If the error persists after initialization, the unit may be
malfunctioning.
Select a folder that contains fewer than 99 files (page 11), or
delete unnecessary files from the folder (page 30).
Displaying the firmware version
While the system setting screen is displayed, use the [+] or [–] button to select “VEr”
from the system setting menu items.
Action
FILE FULL
File full
Press the [■] (Stop) button to return to the HOME screen.
Error
Messages
PEAK
Set the type of dynamics control to “OFF” or “LIM” (page 14).
Set the recording level lower (page 9)
Dynamics control (page 14)
Reference Manual
Specifications
Specifications
Supported Operating System
Supported media
Windows 8.1, 8, 7, Vista, XP Professional/Home Edition
Mac OS X 10.4, 10.5, 10.6, 10.7, 10.8, 10.9
microSD/SDHC card
96 kHz
24-bit
PCM
Recording format and available
recording time (guideline)
(with built-in 2GB memory)
16-bit
MP3
Recording format
Playback format
Sampling frequency
Bit rate (playback)
88.2 kHz
Approx. 55 minutes
48 kHz
Approx. 1 hour 45 minutes
Approx. 1 hour 55 minutes
96 kHz
Approx. 1 hour 20 minutes
88.2 kHz
Approx. 1 hour 25 minutes
48 kHz
Approx. 2 hours 40 minutes
44.1 kHz
Approx. 2 hours 55 minutes
320 kbps
Approx. 12 hours 45 minutes
192 kbps
Approx. 21 hours
128 kbps
Approx. 32 hours
64 kbps
Approx. 64 hours
32 kbps
Approx. 127 hours
Approx. 46.6(W) x 132.1(H) x 28.7(D) mm
Weight
Approx. 82 g (including battery)
Accessories
USB cable; AAA alkaline battery; Owner’s Manual (with the
software download license code)
* Specifications and descriptions in this owner’s manual are for information purposes only. Yamaha
Corp. reserves the right to change or modify products or specifications at any time without prior notice.
Since specifications, equipment or options may not be the same in every locale, please check with
your Yamaha dealer.
Approx. 1 hour
44.1 kHz
Dimensions
MP3, PCM (WAV)
MP3 (MPEG1 LAYER3; MPEG2 LAYER3), WMA
PCM
16 kHz–96 kHz
16–320 kbps (MP3)
32–192 kbps (WMA)
Jacks
USB mini B; Stereo headphone 3.5 mm mini; Stereo
microphone (also for line-in) 3.5 mm mini; microSD card slot
Operating temperature
+5°C – +35°C
Power supply
AAA alkaline battery cell or AAA NiMH battery x 1
Battery life for recording
Alkaline battery:
MP3, 64 kbps — approx. 44 hours
PCM 44.1 kHz 16-bit approx. 29 hours 30 minutes
(Recording condition: REC LED off, no recording monitoring)
Battery life for playback
through headphones
Alkaline battery:
MP3, 64 kbps — approx. 30 hours
PCM 44.1 kHz 16-bit approx. 22 hours 30 minutes
Battery life for playback
through speaker
Alkaline battery:
MP3, 64 kbps — approx. 24 hours 30 minutes
PCM 44.1 kHz 16-bit approx. 18 hours
39
Reference Manual
Index
Index
A
Adjusting the playback speed............. 26
ALC ................................................................... 14
Auto Level Control.................................... 14
Available recording time ....................... 12
B
Battery............................................................... 7
Beat parameters
Metronome .............................................. 25
C
Calendar .......................................................... 7
Click
Metronome .............................................. 25
Connecting a computer ........................ 32
Copying (from the computer) ........... 33
Copying (to the computer) ................. 33
Copying files ................................................ 28
F
O
T
Fast forward and fast reverse ............. 13
Files .................................................................. 27
Folder....................................................... 11, 27
Formatting (Initializing)
built-in memory .................................... 36
microSD card.......................................... 36
Overdubbing ....................................... 20, 22
Tempo parameters
Metronome .............................................. 25
Transfer (File)
Moving a file ........................................... 31
Tuner ............................................................... 24
P
Pitch indication (tuner) ......................... 38
Playback level................................................. 9
Playback level (overdubbing) ............. 20
Playback speed........................................... 26
PRC (Pre-recording) ................................ 16
Pre-recording .............................................. 16
Preset .............................................................. 15
Punch in/out ............................................... 22
H
Headphones ................................................... 5
HOLD switch.................................................. 5
HOME
screen ............................................................ 8
HPF
High-pass filter ....................................... 14
DEL
Deleting files ............................................ 30
Disables all control buttons
HOLD switch ............................................. 5
Dividing a file .............................................. 29
Downloading software ........................... 34
Dubbing ......................................................... 22
DYN
Dynamics control .................................. 14
E
USB ................................................................... 32
V
Version (displaying the firmware) .... 38
R
REC folder ..................................................... 27
REC LED .................................................... 4, 37
Rechargeable battery (NiMH battery).. 7
Recording format...................................... 11
Recording level ............................................. 9
Recording level (overdubbing) .......... 21
Repeat playback ........................................ 18
I
Index
Markers ...................................................... 17
Initializing
Factory default settings ..................... 36
L
D
U
S
LCD Screen ..................................................... 6
Limiter ............................................................ 14
Low-cut filter
High-pass filter ....................................... 14
Selecting a file ............................................
Selecting the save destination for
a file .................................................................
Song data
Files ..............................................................
Sound quality
Recording format .................................
SPD
Playback speed ......................................
Standard pitch ...........................................
System setting menu ..............................
M
MANUAL folder ......................................... 27
Markers .......................................................... 17
Metronome ................................................. 25
microSD card ................................................. 7
Moving a file ............................................... 31
MUSIC folder .............................................. 27
13
10
27
11
26
24
35
Error Messages............................................ 38
External condenser microphone ....... 15
40
Reference Manual
Yamaha Pro Audio global web site:
http://www.yamahaproaudio.com/
Yamaha Manual Library
http://www.yamaha.co.jp/manual/
C.S.G., Pro Audio Division
© 2013-2014 Yamaha Corporation
04/2014 IP-B0