Siemens SIMATIC TI500 User manual

SIMATIC TI500/TI505
TIWAY 1 Gateway
User Manual
Order Number PPX:TIWAY-8104-02
Manual Assembly Number: 2587871-0004
Second Edition
Copyright 1992 by Siemens Industrial Automation, Inc.
All Rights Reserved — Printed in USA
Reproduction, transmission or use of this document or
contents is not permitted without express consent of
Siemens Industrial Automation, Inc. All rights, including rights
created by patent grant or registration of a utility model or
design, are reserved.
Since Siemens Industrial Automation, Inc. does not possess
full access to data concerning all of the uses and applications
of customer’s products, we do not assume responsibility either
for customer product design or for any infringements of patents
or rights of others which may result from our assistance.
01/21/92
Technical data is subject to change.
We check the contents of every manual for accuracy at the
time it is approved for printing; however, there may be
undetected errors. Any errors found will be corrected in
subsequent editions. Any suggestions for improvement are
welcomed.
MANUAL PUBLICATION HISTORY
SIMATIC TI500/TI505 TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Order Manual Number: PPX:TIWAY–8104–2
Refer to this history in all correspondence and/or discussion about this manual.
Event
Date
Description
Original Issue
Second Edition
09/85
09/92
Original Issue (2491964–0001)
Second Edition (2491964–0002)
LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES
Pages
Cover/Copyright
History/Effective Pages
iii — x
1-1 — 1-4
2-1 — 2-12
3-1 — 3-14
A-1 — A-4
B-1 — B-3
C-1 — C-28
D-1 — D-11
Index-1 — Index-3
Registration
Description
Second
Second
Second
Second
Second
Second
Second
Second
Second
Second
Second
Second
Pages
Description
Contents
Preface
Chapter 1
1.1
1.2
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
The Gateway Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Distributed Control Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
1-2
Basic Operating Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-3
Interface Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Translating Commands between Host and PLC Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data Transmission Rates Supported . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Types of Data Accessed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-3
1-4
1-4
1-4
Chapter 2
2.1
2.2
2.3
Product Overview
Network Installation
TIWAY I Network and Gateway Installation Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-2
Quick Reference Installation Steps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Basic Installation Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Requirements for Installing the Gateway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-2
2-3
2-3
Network Media Installation — Local Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-4
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Local Line Cable Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TIWAY I Network Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Local Line Hardware Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tap Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Terminating the Main Line Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Twisted-Pair Cabling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Important Planning Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Local Line Tap Spacing Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Basic Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Primary Rule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Double Drops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Short Drops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Multidrop Taps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cable Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Obstructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Noise Avoidance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-4
2-4
2-5
2-6
2-6
2-7
2-7
2-7
2-8
2-8
2-8
2-9
2-9
2-9
2-10
2-11
2-11
Network Media Installation — RS-232-C Modem Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-12
Data Transmission Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RS-232 Pin Assignments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-12
2-12
Contents
iii
Chapter 3
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
Gateway Installation and Configuration
Installing the TIWAY I Gateway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-2
Basic Mounting Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Connections and Initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-2
3-3
Dipswitch Configuration and Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-6
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dipswitch Settings for the Host Interface Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dipswitch Settings for the Network Interface Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-6
3-7
3-8
Switches and Indicator Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-10
Online/Offline Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Self-Test Button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reset Button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Status Indicator Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gateway Good . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Comm Active . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Online . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Receive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transmit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-10
3-10
3-10
3-11
3-11
3-11
3-11
3-11
3-11
3-11
Diagnostic Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-12
Built-In Diagnostic Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power-On Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operational Diagnostic Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
User-Initiated Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Burn-In and Final Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-12
3-12
3-12
3-13
3-14
Appendix A
Data Type Identification
A.1
Corresponding Data Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-2
A.2
SIMATIC TI PLCs Supported by TIWAY I Gateway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-3
A.3
TIWAY I Gateway Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-4
Appendix B
System Configuration Forms
B.1
System Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B-2
B.2
V-Memory Offset Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B-3
iv
Contents
Appendix C
C.1
C.2
C.3
Modbus Commands
Modbus Protocol Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C-2
The RTU Transmission Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Message Delineation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Address Field . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Function Field . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Data Field . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checksum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Invalid Characters and Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Modbus Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Addressing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Address Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C-2
C-3
C-3
C-3
C-3
C-3
C-4
C-4
C-5
C-5
Modbus Function Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C-6
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Code 01 — Read Coil Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Code 02 — Read Input Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Code 03 — Read Output Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Code 04 — Read Input Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Code 05 — Write a Single Coil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Code 06 — Write a Single Register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Code 07 — Read Exception Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Code 08 — Execute Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Code 11 — Get Comms Event Counter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Code 12 — Get Comms Event Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Code 15 — Write Multiple Coils . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Code 16 — Write Multiple Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C-6
C-6
C-8
C-10
C-11
C-12
C-14
C-15
C-17
C-20
C-21
C-23
C-25
User-Defined Modbus Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-26
Command 65 — Read C Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-26
Command 66 — Read K Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-27
Command 67 — Read WY Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-27
C.4
Error Responses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-28
Appendix D
D.1
D.2
D.3
Configuring the PLC for Fisher PROVOX
Considerations for Configuring a TIWAY I/PROVOX System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
D-2
PLC Configuration Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Network Design Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
D-2
D-2
PLC Programming Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
D-3
Blocking Network Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Writing to Integer Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Writing to Discrete Points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PLC Status Register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
D-3
D-3
D-3
D-3
PLC Programming Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
D-4
Data to be Accessed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Relay Ladder Logic Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
D-4
D-5
Contents
v
List of Figures
1-1
1-2
TIWAY I Gateway as Interface Between PLC Network and Host System . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TIWAY I Gateway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
1-3
2-1
2-2
2-3
2-4
2-5
2-6
Basic Installation and Set-up Steps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Number of Local Line Secondaries vs. Cable Distance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TIWAY I Tap Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Terminating the Local Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Basic Tap Spacing Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Additional Tap Spacing Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-2
2-5
2-6
2-7
2-8
2-9
3-1
3-2
3-3
3-4
3-5
3-6
3-7
Possible Bracket Locations for Mounting Gateway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AC Power Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dipswitch Settings for the Network and Host Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dipswitch Settings for Network Data Transmission Rates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gateway Operation Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Indicator Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Indicator Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-2
3-3
3-5
3-8
3-10
3-11
3-14
C-1
C-2
C-3
C-4
C-5
C-6
C-7
C-8
C-9
C-10
C-11
C-12
C-13
C-14
C-15
C-16
C-17
C-18
C-19
C-20
C-21
C-22
C-23
C-24
C-25
RTU Transmission Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bit Orientation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Read Coil Status Example — Request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Read Coil Status Example — Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Read Coil Status Example — Data Field . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Read Input Status Example — Request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Read Input Status Example — Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Read Input Status Example — Data Field . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Read Output Register Example — Request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Read Output Register Example — Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Read Input Register Example — Request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Read Input Register Example — Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Write a Single Coil Example — Request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Read Input Register Example — Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Write a Single Register Example — Request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Write a Single Register Example — Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Read Exception Status Example — Request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Read Exception Status Example — Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exception Status Bits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Execute Diagnostics Example — Request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Execute Diagnostics Example — Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Get Comms Event Counter Example — Request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Get Comms Event Counter Example — Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Get Comms Event Log Example — Request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Get Comms Event Log Example — Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C-2
C-4
C-6
C-7
C-7
C-8
C-8
C-9
C-10
C-10
C-11
C-11
C-12
C-13
C-14
C-14
C-15
C-15
C-16
C-17
C-17
C-20
C-20
C-21
C-21
vi
Contents
C-26
C-27
C-28
C-29
C-30
C-31
C-32
C-33
C-34
C-35
C-36
C-37
Write Multiple Coils Example — Request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Coil Bit Pattern . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Write Multiple Coils Example — Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Write Multiple Registers Example — Request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Write Multiple Registers Example — Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Command 65 — Request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Command 65 — Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Command 66 — Request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Command 66 — Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Command 67 — Request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Command 67 — Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exception Response Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contents
C-23
C-23
C-24
C-25
C-25
C-26
C-26
C-27
C-27
C-27
C-27
C-28
vii
List of Tables
1
TIWAY I Gateway Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ix
1-1
Data Transmission Rates Supported . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-4
2-1
2-2
Pin Assignments for Local Line Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RS-232-C Connector Pin Assignments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-4
2-12
3-1
3-2
3-3
3-4
3-5
Host Port Dipswitch Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Network Port Dipswitch Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data Transmission Rates Supported . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RS-232-C/423 Loopback Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Indicator Status after User-Initiated Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-6
3-6
3-7
3-13
3-14
A-1
A-2
A-3
A-4
Data Type Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SIMATIC TI PLCs Supported and Accessible Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TIWAY I Gateway Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TIWAY I Gateway Physical and Environmental Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-2
A-3
A-4
A-4
B-1
B-2
B-3
System Configuration Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
V-Memory Offset Table (Resident Information) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
V-Memory Offset Table (Received Information) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B-2
B-3
B-3
C-1
C-2
C-3
C-4
C-5
C-6
Modbus Functions Supported . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-2
RTU Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-3
Terminology Differences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-5
Diagnostic Codes Supported . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-18
Event Byte Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-22
Exception Responses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-28
D-1
D-2
PLC Data to be Accessed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
V-Memory Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
viii
Contents
D-4
D-4
Preface
Purpose of this
Manual
This manual describes the basic features, operation, and installation of the
TIWAY I Gateway. The Gateway provides an interface between the
SIMATIC TIWAY I network and a distributed control system host using
Modbus protocol.
The TIWAY I Gateway translates Modbus commands from a host into the
TIWAY I protocol format. Since the Modbus and TIWAY I systems are
entirely different in protocol and interface requirements, the Gateway
serves as a protocol translator and as a type of network monitor.
Gateway System
Capacities
TIWAY I Gateway
Models
For example, the TIWAY I Gateway can provide protocol translation for the
following host systems.
•
The Honeywell TDC 2000 Data Highway Port (DHP) with one
Gateway can monitor up to eight programmable controller (PLC)
stations with one Network Interface Module (NIM) for each PLC.
•
The Foxboro SPECTRUM FOXNET Device Interface (FDG) with
one Gateway can monitor up to 64 stations equipped with NIMs.
•
The Fisher PROVOX Programmable Controller Interface Unit
(PCIU) can monitor up to 8 stations with NIMs.
The TIWAY I Gateway is available in four models, offering a choice of
communication ports and voltage supplies, as listed in Table 1.
Table 1 TIWAY I Gateway Models
Model Number
Communication Ports
Supply Voltage
PPX:500–7301
RS-232-C/Local Line
120 VAC
PPX:500–7302
Dual RS-232-C
120 VAC
PPX:500–7303
RS-232-C/Local Line
240 VAC
PPX:500–7304
Dual RS-232-C
240 VAC
NOTE: These models replace the previously available model PPX:500–7200
series of the TIWAY I Gateway.
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Preface
ix
Related Manuals
The information in this manual is supplemented by the following Siemens
manuals. You may find it helpful to refer to these or other related manuals
when using the TIWAY I Gateway.
•
TIWAY I Systems Manual (2587871–0001)
•
TIWAY I Series 505 Network Interface User’s Manual (2587871–0053)
•
TIWAY I Series 500 Network Interface User’s Manual (2587871–0054)
•
SIMATIC TI520C/TI530C/TI530T Manual Set (2462158–0026)
•
SIMATIC TI545 Manual Set, Volumes 1 and 2 (2586546–0023)
•
SIMATIC TI545 System Manual (2586546–0053)
•
SIMATIC TI560T/TI565T System Manual (2597773–0035)
•
SIMATIC TI500/TI505 TISOFT2 Release 4.2 User Manual
(2588081–0019)
You should also refer to the appropriate user manual(s) for the Modbus host
system’s device interface.
x
Preface
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Chapter 1
Product Overview
1.1
1.2
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
The Gateway Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Distributed Control Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
1-2
Basic Operating Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-3
Interface Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Translating Commands between Host and PLC Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data Transmission Rates Supported . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Types of Data Accessed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-3
1-4
1-4
1-4
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Product Overview
1-1
1.1
Introduction
The Gateway
Interface
The TIWAY I Gateway allows a TIWAY I network of PLCs to be hosted by a
Modbus-compatible host system. Figure 1-1 shows the relationship of the
Gateway to one of several possible Modbus-compatible host systems.
Distributed Control
Systems
The Foxboro SPECTRUM, Fisher PROVOX, and Honeywell TDC 2000 are
distributed control systems which have interfaces to PLCs. These systems
primarily perform supervisory control and data acquisition functions to the
PLCs, using an RS-232-C type of connection into PLC data highways.
For example, the Honeywell TDC 2000 system communicates with the
Gateway by way of a Data Highway Port (DHP), the Fisher PROVOX
system uses a Programmable Controller Interface Unit (PCIU), and the
Foxboro SPECTRUM system uses a FOXNET Device Interface (FDG).
Foxboro
SPECTRUM
FDG
or
TIWAY I Gateway
Fisher
PROVOX
PCIU
TIWAY I Network
or
Honeywell
TDC 2000
DHP
or
MODBUS
Compatible
Host System
“xyz”
Programmable Controllers
I000000
Figure 1-1 TIWAY I Gateway as Interface Between PLC Network and Host System
1-2
Product Overview
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
1.2
Basic Operating Features
Interface Ports
Two interface ports are located on the bottom of the TIWAY I Gateway unit.
The AC power connections are also located on the bottom, covered by a
protective plate. (See Figure 1-2.)
•
Host: an RS-232-C host interface port (25-pin female D-shell connector)
•
TIWAY I: the network port (9-pin female D-shell connector)
The host system is connected by cable to the host interface on the Gateway.
The communications cable is supplied with the Gateway. The TIWAY I port
provides communication interface with the TIWAY I network of PLCs or
other secondary devices.
Refer to Chapter 2 for information on TIWAY I network installation.
Chapter 3 describes the procedures for installing and configuring the
TIWAY I Gateway and the communications cables.
Status indicators
TIWAY I
port
Host
port
AC Power
Connections
I00xxxx
Figure 1-2 TIWAY I Gateway
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Product Overview
1-3
Basic Operating Features (continued)
Translating
Commands
between Host and
PLC Network
The Gateway provides protocol and electrical interface conversion. A
command issued by the host system is transmitted to the Gateway. Once it
receives the command, the Gateway converts the protocol and electrical
signals and then relays the command to the PLC which was addressed.
After the PLC responds, the Gateway re-translates the information and
sends it back to the host system through the interface device.
The primary function of the Gateway, then, is to translate host commands
into TIWAY I commands. These commands are described in Appendix C.
Data Transmission
Rates Supported
The TIWAY I Gateway supports data transmission rates from 110 bits per
second (bps) to 19.2 kbps with the host, and from 110 bps to 115.2 kbps on
the network interface. Table 1-1 summarizes the baud rates supported by
the Foxboro, Honeywell, and Fisher host systems.
Table 1-1 Data Transmission Rates Supported
Host System
Data Transmission Rates Supported
110
Foxboro
150
300
600
1200
2400
4800
9600
19.2k
Honeywell
Fisher
Types of Data
Accessed
The Gateway allows access to discrete I/O points and Control Relays
(X, Y, and C), holding registers (V-memory), word input and output registers
(WX and WY), as well as performance statistics for each PLC network
interface. Information can be stored in variable (V) memory locations,
retrieved, and changed from the operator’s console of the distributed control
system. Appendix A provides information on the maximum numbers of
discrete inputs and outputs, holding registers, and word input registers.
Examples of data retrieval include the following:
•
If you want to retrieve a process control loop integer value from a PLC,
move this value into a register, or V-memory location, corresponding to
the one configured in the distributed control system (refer to the
appropriate DCS manuals).
•
If you want to look at the current value of a counter, move this value
into V-memory (using the ladder logic program) to a location configured
as a register in the host system.
Discrete inputs and outputs (Xs, Ys, and Cs) generally do not require special
conditioning in order to be read from the operator’s console (as in the Fisher
PROVOX system). See Appendix D for examples.
1-4
Product Overview
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Chapter 2
Network Installation
2.1
2.2
2.3
TIWAY I Network and Gateway Installation Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-2
Quick Reference Installation Steps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Basic Installation Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Requirements for Installing the Gateway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-2
2-3
2-3
Network Media Installation — Local Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-4
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Local Line Cable Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TIWAY I Network Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Local Line Hardware Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tap Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Terminating the Main Line Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Twisted-Pair Cabling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Important Planning Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Local Line Tap Spacing Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Basic Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Primary Rule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Double Drops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Short Drops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Multidrop Taps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cable Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Obstructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Noise Avoidance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-4
2-4
2-5
2-6
2-6
2-7
2-7
2-7
2-8
2-8
2-8
2-9
2-9
2-9
2-10
2-11
2-11
Network Media Installation — RS-232-C Modem Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-12
Data Transmission Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RS-232 Pin Assignments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-12
2-12
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Network Installation
2-1
2.1
TIWAY I Network and Gateway Installation Checklist
Quick Reference
Installation Steps
Figure 2-1 is a quick reference list of steps to be taken when installing the
TIWAY I Gateway. Refer to Chapter 3 for specific procedures and cautions.
Attach AC power cable to the Gateway.
Run diagnostic tests.
Connect the network and host interface cables.
Configure the host system.
Configure the Gateway dipswitches.
Check Gateway indicators for proper operation.
Configure the variable memory of PLCs on the TIWAY I network.
Figure 2-1 Basic Installation and Set-up Steps
2-2
Network Installation
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Basic Installation
Procedures
Requirements for
Installing the
Gateway
Some basic procedures to follow when installing a Gateway system include
the following.
•
Be sure you have all components necessary to install the Gateway and
the network cables. (Refer to the checklist below for required parts.)
•
Install the TIWAY I network and host system interface cables (see
Section 2.2). Also refer to the appropriate host system installation
manuals for specific information on cabling between the host and the
Gateway.
•
Install the Gateway in a NEMA panel or other suitable enclosure (see
Chapter 3 for more details).
The items below are required to install the TIWAY I Gateway and to connect
it to a host system and the TIWAY I network.
TIWAY I Gateway
L-shaped mounting brackets and bracket screws, or optional rack
mount kit.
Host interface cable (included; PPX:2462553–0003)
Mounting screws (customer-supplied)
AC power cable (customer-supplied)
Loopback connector(s) for user-initiated diagnostic test (included;
PPX:2703834–0001)
TIWAY I Tap Housing (for Local Line installation) (PPX:500–5606)
Tap cable for use with Local Line (customer-supplied), or
RS-232-C/423 cable for use with modems (both cables and modems are
customer-supplied)
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Network Installation
2-3
2.2
Network Media Installation — Local Line
Overview
TIWAY I is a multi-drop communications network. It consists of a main
trunk cable (the “spine”) and dropline cables. The network can connect up to
248 secondaries to a host computer.
NOTE: Although addresses can range from 1 to 254 on TIWAY I, addresses
248 through 254 cannot be used because of the limitations of the Modbus
protocol.
The selection of the media interface depends primarily upon two criteria:
the distance to be spanned and the cost of installation. The main trunk can
be up to 25,000 feet long, and each dropline can be up to 100 feet long, with
Local Line. For distances exceeding 25,000 feet, the use of RS-232-C media
interfaces and modems is required.
If cable redundancy is required (two TIWAY I cables), you will need two
Gateways, two cables, and two host system interface devices. Refer to the
appropriate host system user manuals for more specific information on
redundant connections.
Local Line Cable
Characteristics
The TIWAY I Local Line is a physical signalling technique (baseband,
differential current drive) which operates over shielded, twisted-pair
cabling. The Local Line cable may be up to 25,000 feet long. The Local Line
uses tap housings to simplify the addition of connections onto TIWAY I.
The Local Line is designed to operate with shielded twisted-pair cable which
has a characteristic impedance of 124 ohms. The interface is a male, 9-pin
D-type connector with pin assignments as shown in Table 2-1.
Table 2-1 Pin Assignments for Local Line Connector
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
2-4
Network Installation
Name
Shield
LLM+
LLM–
Description
Reserved
Reserved
Cable shield and signal common
Reserved
Reserved
Positive biased signal line
Reserved
Reserved
Negative biased signal line
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
TIWAY I Network
Characteristics
The TIWAY I network cable consists of a main cable or spine with droplines
or taps for each secondary. The maximum main line cable length, cable type,
tap length, tap spacing, number of secondaries, and maximum baud rates
are interrelated network variables and have a direct influence upon
network performance.
Figure 2-2 shows the relationship of cable distance to the number of
secondaries for different baud rates for two types of twisted-pair cable. The
cable distance (in thousands of feet) is shown vertically; the maximum
number of units that may be attached is shown horizontally.
30
19.2 kbps
25
Cable Distance (1000’s of feet)
20
15
10
38.4 kbps
Belden 9860
57.6 kbps
115.2 kbps
8
7
6
5
4
115.2 kbps or lower
3
2
Belden 9271
1
5
10
20
50
100
250
Cable Unit Loading (Number of Stations)
I000000
Figure 2-2 Number of Local Line Secondaries vs. Cable Distance
As shown in Figure 2-2, when you use Belden 9860 cable (or its equivalent),
up to 75 stations can be attached to a network operating at 38.4 kbps and
having a spine length of 20,000 feet. At 115.2 kbps, the maximum length of
a Local Line network having 248 stations is 10,000 feet.
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Network Installation
2-5
Network Media Installation — Local Line (continued)
Local Line
Hardware
Components
The hardware components of a Local Line network consist of the following:
TIWAY I Tap Housing (PPX:500–5606)
Shielded, twisted-pair cabling (customer-supplied)
These components are described in the following sections.
Tap Housing
The TIWAY I Tap Housing, shown in Figure 2-3, is designed specifically for
Local Line networks. The tap housing can be mounted rigidly to a NEMA
panel or other enclosure. It could also be used to splice cables in a cable tray
without being rigidly mounted.
The tap housing contains terminating resistors, and it also provides noise
isolation for attached cabling, resists moisture, and relieves strain, thus
allowing an orderly connection to the TIWAY I network. One tap housing is
provided with each Gateway Local Line connection.
Siemens
NETWORK TAP HOUSING
MODEL 500–5606
ASSY 2702766–0001
Siemens Industrial Automation, Inc.
G
B W G
G
W
W
B
B
Top cover removed to show
cable connections.
I000000
Figure 2-3 TIWAY I Tap Housing
2-6
Network Installation
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Terminating the
Main Line Cable
The terminating resistors must be used to ensure that the main line cable is
properly terminated and biased for improved reliability. Each tap housing is
supplied with terminating resistors to connect to the ends of the main line
cable. At each end, a terminating resistor must be connected between LLM+
and the cable shield and also between LLM– and the cable shield inside the
tap housing.
Network Cable
Input
Output
G
G
B
W
G
W
W
B
B
Termination
Resistors:
68 ohms
5%
1/4 watt
Cable to Module
I000000
Figure 2-4 Terminating the Local Line
Twisted-Pair
Cabling
Siemens Industrial Automation recommends Belden 9860 twisted-pair
cabling or its equivalent for use as the Local Line network spine. Belden
9271 or its equivalent should be used for the dropline. Brands other than
those listed here will be specified by Siemens upon request.
Important Planning
Considerations
Some major points to consider during the planning phase of a Local Line
network are the following.
•
From the start, allow for system growth. Make provisions for the
attachment of additional computing devices by routing cables through
all probable areas of future plant expansion.
•
Always make the network flexible enough to allow for re-arrangement
of plant equipment.
•
Since network system noise is usually picked up by its interconnecting
wiring, take steps during installation to bypass or eliminate noise
sources.
•
If cable redundancy is required, make sure the two cables are never
routed along the same path, since the environmental and other factors
which disable one cable will very likely disable the second cable.
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Network Installation
2-7
Network Media Installation — Local Line (continued)
Local Line Tap
Spacing Rules
Local Line networks must adhere to specific tap spacing requirements to
maintain signal integrity. These requirements are outlined in the following
sections.
100′
100′
20′
50′ min
50′ min
50′
30′
60′
100′
I000000
Figure 2-5 Basic Tap Spacing Rules
Basic
Considerations
The rules for determining the correct distances between taps exist simply
for the prevention of signal degradation caused by reflections.
Prior to configuring the distances between taps in the network cable, select
a single tap as a physical point to use as reference. This tap should be one of
the taps on the end of the network.
Primary Rule
2-8
The primary rule is that the minimum distance from one tap to the next
cannot be less than one half the distance of the previous tap cable
(drop line) length. This rule should be applied starting at the first tap on the
network all the way to the end. Then, from the last tap on the network, the
same rule should be applied back to the first tap again.
Network Installation
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
36″ max
Double Drop
Drop lines less
than 36 inches
can be ignored.
100′
max
80′
30′
30″
50′ min
100′
100′
I000000
Figure 2-6 Additional Tap Spacing Rules
Double Drops
If a tap cable is installed less than the minimum distance as stated in the
primary rule, then the two drops, the previous one and the one being
installed, are considered a double drop.
Double drops are allowed, but triple drops are not allowed.
After installing a double drop, the next tap must be placed at the minimum
distance or farther. In this case, the minimum distance would be one half
the distance of the longest of the two tap lines making up the double drop.
Short Drops
Drops that have a tap line that is less than 36 inches can be ignored in
calculating the minimum distance between taps.
Multidrop Taps
There is no limit to the number of drop stations that can be connected to the
same tap line.
Each station must have its own tap, and the overall drop line length cannot
exceed 100 feet. The cable used to attach each station to the drop line
cannot exceed the 36-inch maximum.
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Network Installation
2-9
Network Media Installation — Local Line (continued)
Cable Routing
!
CAUTION
Cable routing should be planned as if the path between all stations on the
network were free of obstructions. The next step is to modify the first
routing to account for obstructions, then calculate the amount of cable
needed.
Observe all local and national electrical and fire codes when
installing wiring.
In general, there are three types of network cabling routes:
•
Under-floor
•
In-ceiling
•
Surface ducting
Any combination of these three routes may be used on a single network. The
choice is often determined by whether or not the building (or buildings) in
which the network is being installed is new construction or an existing
building. The following paragraphs describe some of the advantages and
disadvantages of each type of cable routing.
Under-floor — For under-floor routing, the cable can be enclosed within
ducts or, with raised flooring, in the “open air.” Under-floor systems enclosed
in ducts are usually expensive, and while they are better-protected against
unauthorized taps than are open-air systems, they often make future
expansion of the network more difficult and expensive.
Open-air under-floor cabling systems usually provide good access, and allow
maximum network expansion and flexibility.
In-ceiling — For in-ceiling routing, network cables are usually supported
in troughs or with hooks and clamps every 10 or 15 feet. Some advantages
of in-ceiling installation are the following.
2-10
•
Flexibility
•
Low-cost installation
•
Accessibility to cabling
Network Installation
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Some disadvantages are the following.
•
Is is impractical for buildings without drop ceilings
•
Working in high ceilings can be hazardous
•
Ceilings often collect dust and other debris
Surface ducting — Surface ducting for network cabling is usually
installed along the baseboards or is attached to walls at desktop height.
While surface ducting ordinarily protects cables from both physical and EMI
effects, it may also require that network computing devices be positioned
near a wall.
Obstructions
Noise Avoidance
Aside from physical obstructions such as posts, walls, and partitions,
electrical interference should also be avoided. Some sources of interference
are the following.
•
Power distribution mains
•
Arcing motors
•
Fluorescent lighting
•
Teletypes
•
Undesired signal transfer (cross-talk) between adjacent circuits
•
Poor cable-to-equipment impedance matching
In general, network cabling should never come into direct contact with any
electrical conductor. If cabling is installed inside a conduit, the conduit
should be grounded in accordance with applicable electrical codes. Keep a
minimum of three feet of distance between all network cabling and the
following sources of noise.
•
Power lines
•
Generators
•
Electric motors
•
Electric welders
•
Transformers
•
Induction furnaces and heaters
•
Rectifiers
•
All sources of microwave radiation
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Network Installation
2-11
2.3
Network Media Installation — RS-232-C Modem Interface
Data Transmission
Characteristics
The physical layer in TIWAY I provides a modem interface for synchronous
or asynchronous communications at data transmission rates up to 115.2 K
bps. The modem interface provides standard signals for control of two-way
alternate data transmission using both half and full duplex modems.
RS-232 Pin
Assignments
The modem interface is a standard Type E DTE configuration as defined in
the EIA RS-232-C standard. This interface uses a male 25-pin D-type
connector plug on the communication cable. The pin assignments are listed
in Table 2-2.
Table 2-2 RS-232-C Connector Pin Assignments
Pin No.
2-12
Network Installation
Description
1
Protective Ground
2
Transmit Data
3
Receive Data
4
Request to Send (RTS)
5
Clear to Send (CTS)
6
Data Set Ready (DSR)
7
Signal Ground
8
Receive Line Signal Detector/Data Carrier Detect (RLSD/DCD)
15
Transmitter Signal Element Timing
17
Receiver Signal Element Timing
20
Data Terminal Ready (DTR)
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Chapter 3
Gateway Installation and Configuration
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
Installing the TIWAY I Gateway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-2
Basic Mounting Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Connections and Initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-2
3-3
Dipswitch Configuration and Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-6
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dipswitch Settings for the Host Interface Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dipswitch Settings for the Network Interface Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-6
3-7
3-8
Switches and Indicator Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-10
Online/Offline Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Self-Test Button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reset Button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Status Indicator Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gateway Good . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Comm Active . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Online . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Receive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transmit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-10
3-10
3-10
3-11
3-11
3-11
3-11
3-11
3-11
3-11
Diagnostic Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-12
Built-In Diagnostic Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power-On Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operational Diagnostic Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
User-Initiated Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Burn-In and Final Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-12
3-12
3-12
3-13
3-14
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Gateway Installation and Configuration
3-1
3.1
Installing the TIWAY I Gateway
Basic Mounting
Guidelines
There are three possible places on the Gateway where the two L-shaped
mounting brackets can be located. Depending on how you want to mount the
Gateway, attach the brackets to the appropriate locations, as shown in
Figure 3-1.
ÇÇ
ÇÇ
ÇÇ
ÇÇ
ÇÇ
ÇÇ
Mounting brackets
located at top of
Gateway
Mounting brackets
located at rear of
Gateway
Gateway mounted behind panel.
Brackets attached at front
I00xxxx
Figure 3-1 Possible Bracket Locations for Mounting Gateway
Mount the Gateway in a suitable enclosure (such as a NEMA panel) to
reduce the possibility of shock hazard resulting from accessibility of live
parts. Protect the Gateway from water or moisture sprays, and ensure that
the temperature does not exceed the range of 0° to 60° C.
You can also mount the Gateway in a 19-inch rack. A rack mount kit is
available from Siemens with the following order numbers. (Refer to the
Installation Guide shipped with each rack mount kit.)
PPX:500–7205 — for use with Gateway models –7301 and –7303
PPX:500–7206 — for use with Gateway models –7302 and –7304
!
3-2
CAUTION
Be sure to allow adequate air flow around the air vents of the
Gateway to avoid damage to the unit through overheating.
Gateway Installation and Configuration
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Power Connections
and Initialization
After mounting the unit in an appropriate location, follow these steps for
connecting the power supply and running diagnostic tests.
1.
Remove the shield covering the three AC terminals (Line, Ground, and
Neutral).
2.
With power off, attach all three connections according to Figure 3-2 and
then replace the shield.
AC Power
Connections
I00xxxx
Figure 3-2 AC Power Connections
3.
Apply power to the unit.
4.
Install loopback connector on each RS-232 port.
5.
Set the Online/Offline switch on the Gateway to the OFFLINE position.
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Gateway Installation and Configuration
3-3
Installing the TIWAY I Gateway (continued)
6.
Run the user-initiated test. (Refer to the Diagnostics Tests section.)
7.
Remove loopback connector.
8.
Set the Online/Offline switch on the Gateway to the ONLINE position.
9.
Connect the Local Line or RS-232 interface cable to the TIWAY I port.
10. Connect the host system interface cable to to the host port.
11. Configure the communications parameters on the host system. Make
sure that the host system baud rate matches the rate you plan to set on
the Gateway.
12. Set the dipswitches on the Gateway. Be sure to set the parity, duplex,
and synchronous/asynchronous selections to match the corresponding
settings on the host system. (See Figure 3-3 and Section 3.2.)
13. Check to see that the GATEWAY GOOD, TRANSMIT, and RECEIVE
indicators on the Gateway are on, and that TEST is flashing.
14. Configure the data and status registers in the variable memory of the
PLCs on the TIWAY I network. (Refer to the appropriate PLC manuals
for more information if necessary.)
15. Press the RESET button on the Gateway.
16. Begin program execution.
3-4
Gateway Installation and Configuration
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
GATEWAY GOOD
COMM ACTIVE
ONLINE
RECEIVE
TIWAY I Gateway shown with
switch access cover open
TRANSMIT
TEST MODE
Reset
Self-Test
Online
Online/Offline
Offline
Network Port
Configuration Dipswitches
Host Port
Configuration Dipswitches
Dipswitches for Network and Host Ports
NETWORK Port
C Coils 10
Test 9
NRZI Encoding 8
IDT Data Addressing 7
Full Duplex 6
Synchronous 5
1 4
1 3
1 2
1 1
1
Y Coils
Operate
NRZ Encoding
MODBUS
Half Duplex
Asynchronous
0
NETWORK
0
Baud Rate
0
Select
0
0
HOST Port
Even Parity
Parity Enabled
Full Duplex
Synchronous
1
1
1
1
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
1
Odd Parity
Parity Off
Half Duplex
Asynchronous
0
HOST
0
Baud Rate
0
Select
0
NETWORK
Baud Rate Settings
HOST
Baud Rate Settings
Switches
1234
Baud
0000 –
110
0001 –
110
0010 –
110
0011 –
110
0100 –
110
0101 –
150
0110 –
300
0111 –
600
1 0 0 0 – 1200
1 0 0 1 – 2400
1 0 1 0 – 4800
1 0 1 1 – 9600
1 1 0 0 – 19200
1 1 0 1 – 38400
1 1 1 0 – 57600
1 1 1 1 – 115200
Switches
1234
0000 –
0001 –
0010 –
0011 –
0100 –
0101 –
0110 –
0111 –
1000 –
1001 –
1010 –
1011 –
1100 –
1101 –
1110 –
1111 –
Baud
110
110
110
110
110
150
300
600
1200
2400
4800
9600
19200
19200
19200
19200
0
Figure 3-3 Dipswitch Settings for the Network and Host Ports
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Gateway Installation and Configuration
3-5
3.2
Dipswitch Configuration and Function
Overview
Two banks of dipswitches are located behind the access cover on the front of
the Gateway. One is for the host port and the other is for the network port.
The following sections define the switches and describe the effect they have
on the Gateway’s operation.
There are eight configuration switches for the host port, and ten for the
network port. The switch settings are binary coded so that Switch 1
represents the most significant bit (MSB) and Switch 8 or 10 represents the
least significant bit (LSB).
When setting the dipswitches on the Gateway, check to make sure that the
settings match those on the host system and the network.
NOTE: Most of the dipswitch settings are read by the Gateway only after a
reset. Any changes made to the dipswitch settings must be followed by a
reset. (Network port switches 7 and 10 are read and updated every scan.)
Table 3-1 Host Port Dipswitch Configuration
Switch
1–4
Function
Configuration Settings
Baud Rate:
(110 bps to 19.2 kbps)
Set these to match baud rate setting of
the host system.
5
Asynchronous/Synchronous
Asynchronous
6
Full/Half Duplex
System-dependent; see page 3-7
7
Parity On/Off
System-dependent; match host system
8
Even/Odd Parity
System-dependent; match host system
Table 3-2 Network Port Dipswitch Configuration
Switch
1–4
3-6
Function
Configuration Settings
Baud Rate
(110 bps to 115.2 kbps)
Set to desired TIWAY I baud rate; see
Figure 3-3.
5
Asynchronous/Synchronous
System-dependent; see page 3-8
6
Full/Half Duplex
System-dependent; see page 3-9
7
IDT Data Addressing Mode
System-dependent; see page 3-9
8
NRZI/NRZ Encoding
Asynch = NRZI; Synch = NRZ or NRZI
9
Test/Operate
Always set to Operate (0)
10
Discrete Output type select
System-dependent; see page 3-9
Gateway Installation and Configuration
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Dipswitch Settings
for the Host
Interface Port
The 8-switch bank governs the host interface. The following paragraphs
describe the switch-selectable options for setting the host interface
parameters.
Data Transmission Rate Selection (Switches 1 through 4): For the host
port, Table 3-3 shows what data transmission rates are supported on the
listed host systems. (Refer to Figure 3-3 for the host baud rate dipswitch
settings.)
Table 3-3 Data Transmission Rates Supported
Host System
Data Transmission Rates Supported
110
Foxboro
150
300
600
1200
2400
4800
9600
19.2k
Honeywell
Fisher
Asynchronous/Synchronous Operation (Switch 5): The Synch/Asynch
switch is used for modem operation. In the synchronous mode, transmitter
signal element timing is used to send transmit data. The transmitter and
receiver signal timing elements are supplied by the modem. In the
asynchronous position, the modem does not supply receiver or transmitter
timing elements and the Gateway uses internal clocks to determine receive
data sample points and to send transmit data. You should use the
asynchronous setting.
Full/Half Duplex Operation (Switch 6): the Full/Half Duplex switch
selects operation compatible with full or half duplex modems even though
communication with the Gateway is half duplex only. When you select
Half-duplex operation, the Gateway does not activate the Request to Send
circuit before Data Carrier Detect becomes inactive. Timing relationships
between Data Carrier Detect and Request to Send are ignored when full
duplex is selected. When you are using a half-duplex modem, you should use
the Half-duplex setting; with a full-duplex modem, use the Full-duplex
setting.
Parity Enable/Disable (Switch 7): This will either enable or disable parity
in all data transmissions.
Even/Odd Parity (Switch 8): If Switch 7 (Parity Enable/Disable) is set to
enable parity, switch 8 selects even or odd parity.
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Gateway Installation and Configuration
3-7
Dipswitch Configuration and Function (continued)
Dipswitch Settings
for the Network
Interface Port
The 10-dipswitch bank governs the network communications port. The
following paragraphs describe the switch-selectable options available for the
network port.
Data Transmission Rate Selection (Switches 1 through 4): The TIWAY I
network supports the following data transmission rates: 110, 150, 300, 600,
1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, 38400, 57600, and 115,200 bits per second.
Set the dipswitches according to the chart in Figure 3-4.
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
1
NETWORK
Baud Rate
Select
0
Switches
1 2 3
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 1
0 0 1
0 1 0
0 1 0
0 1 1
0 1 1
1 0 0
1 0 0
1 0 1
1 0 1
1 1 0
1 1 0
1 1 1
1 1 1
4
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Baud
110
110
110
110
110
150
300
600
1200
2400
4800
9600
19200
38400
57600
115200
I000000
Figure 3-4 Dipswitch Settings for Network Data Transmission Rates
Asynchronous/Synchronous Operation (Switch 5): The Synch/Asynch
switch is used for modem operation. In the Synchronous mode, the Gateway
uses the transmitter signal element timing to transmit data. The
transmitter and receiver signal timing elements are both supplied by the
modem. In the Asynchronous position, the modem does not supply receiver
or transmitter timing elements and the Gateway uses internal clocks to
determine receive data sample points and to send transmit data. You should
select Asynchronous operation when you are using the Local Line.
3-8
Gateway Installation and Configuration
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Full/Half Duplex Operation (Switch 6): the Full/Half Duplex switch
selects operation compatible with full or half-duplex modems even though
communication with the Gateway is half-duplex only. When you select
Half-duplex operation, the Gateway does not activate the Request to Send
circuit before Data Carrier Detect becomes inactive. Timing relationships
between Data Carrier Detect and Request to Send are ignored when full
duplex is selected. When you are using a half-duplex modem, you should use
the Half-duplex setting; with a full-duplex modem, select Full-duplex.
Modbus/IDT Data Addressing (Switch 7): Set this switch to the On (1)
position to implement a data addressing scheme for the IDT family of
operator interface products. Set this switch to the Off (0) position to select
standard Modbus data addressing.
NRZI/NRZ Encoding (Switch 8): The NRZI/NRZ (non-return to zero
inverted/non-return to zero) switch selects the type of encoding to be used
during network communication. The NRZI encoding option is required for
asynchronous operation. Either NRZI or NRZ may be used with
synchronous operation, but NRZ encoding is recommended.
Test/Operate (Switch 9): This switch selects either Test or Operate mode.
You should always set this switch to Operate.
Y/C Coil Type Select (Switch 10): This switch collects coil data from a
secondary’s Control Relay (C) memory when set to On (1). In the Off (0)
position, coil information is collected from Discrete Output (Y) memory.
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Gateway Installation and Configuration
3-9
3.3
Switches and Indicator Lights
Reset
Self-Test
Online
Online/Offline
Offline
I000000
Figure 3-5 Gateway Operation Switches
Online/Offline
Switch
The Online/Offline switch, when placed in the Online position, allows the
Gateway to communicate with the network and the other systems connected
to the Gateway. In the Offline position, the Gateway is disconnected from
the network. This prevents access to the network while secondaries are
being changed or while maintenance is being performed. The position of this
switch is read before each communication cycle, so a reset of the Gateway is
not necessary each time the Online/Offline switch position is changed.
Self-Test Button
The Self-Test button initiates a set of Gateway diagnostic tests, including a
standalone Gateway communications loopback test. This test requires a
special hardware set-up, using the loopback connector supplied with the
Gateway. This procedure is described more fully in the section on Diagnostic
Tests. The Gateway must have the Online/Offline switch in the Offline
position to initiate the diagnostic tests.
Reset Button
Pressing the Reset button causes a hardware reset of the Gateway and
initiates the power-on diagnostic test. The power-on test is explained in
more detail in the section on Diagnostic Tests.
3-10
Gateway Installation and Configuration
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
GATEWAY GOOD
ON = All tests passed successfully
COMM ACTIVE
ON = Communication in progress
ONLINE
ON = Communicating with network
RECEIVE
ON = Receiving data
TRANSMIT
ON = Transmitting data
TEST MODE
ON = In test mode (test button pressed)
Flashing = Tests completed successfully
I000000
Figure 3-6 Indicator Lights
Status Indicator
Lights
The six indicator lights on the front panel of the Gateway show module and
communication status, as described in the following paragraphs.
Gateway Good
If the GATEWAY GOOD indicator is lit, it means that all power-on/reset or
run-time diagnostic tests have been passed successfully. If the indicator is
flashing or not lit, one of the Gateway components has failed a diagnostic
test, and the Gateway is inoperable. If a reset does not remedy the
situation, you should return the unit for repair.
Comm Active
The COMM ACTIVE indicator is lit continuously while any communication
is in progress. It is not lit while the Gateway is in Test mode.
Online
The ONLINE indicator is lit while the Gateway is communicating with the
network. However, if you have taken the Gateway off-line by placing the
Online/Offline switch in the Offline position, the Online indicator will not be
lit at any time.
Receive
The RECEIVE indicator is lit when the Gateway is receiving data on either
port.
Transmit
The TRANSMIT indicator is lit when the Gateway is transmitting data on
either port.
Test Mode
The TEST MODE indicator lights when you press the Self-Test button and
the Gateway is in Test mode. The indicator remains lit while the diagnostic
tests are being performed, and flashes when they are successfully
completed.
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Gateway Installation and Configuration
3-11
3.4
Diagnostic Tests
Built-In Diagnostic
Tests
Power-On Test
The Gateway has five levels of built-in tests, three of which are designed for
the user.
•
Power-on test
•
Operational Diagnostic test
•
User-initiated test
•
Burn-in test
•
Final test
Used only in quality
assurance tests by
manufacturer
The Power-on test executes the initialization routine following a master
reset. All indicators light for approximately one second before any subtests
begin. The only indicator which will be lit while the tests are running is the
TEST MODE indicator. If the Gateway passes all tests successfully, the
GATEWAY GOOD indicator will light.
The subtests include a RAM data and address integrity test, a ROM CRC
integrity test, and a communications controller internal loopback test.
If the Gateway fails any of the power-on tests, the GATEWAY GOOD
indicator will flash.
Operational
Diagnostic Test
The Operational Diagnostic test executes during all normal modes of
Gateway operation, off-line or on-line. The subtests do not disturb normal
operation of the network. They are performed at least once per minute
under all conditions.
An operational diagnostics failure is treated in the same way as a power-on
test failure. The GATEWAY GOOD indicator will flash if the Gateway fails
any diagnostic test.
3-12
Gateway Installation and Configuration
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
User-Initiated Test
You should run the user-initiated test only when the Gateway is in Off-line
mode (that is, when the On-line/Off-line switch is in the OFFLINE position).
Normal Gateway operation is suspended during this test mode.
NOTE: Before initiating the diagnostic routine, make sure that the network
and host computer cables are disconnected from the Gateway, and that the
Gateway is in off-line mode. Only the GATEWAY GOOD indicator should be
lit. If ONLINE is lit, you must first reset the Gateway before running the
test.
1.
Install a loopback connector on each RS-232-C port; (without one, the
port will fail the external loopback subtest). Table 3-4 shows the signal
line connections made by the loopback connector.
Table 3-4 RS-232-C/423 Loopback Connections
Pin #
to Pin #
2
3
Data out
Data In
4
5
Request to Send (RTS)
Clear to Send (CTS)
20
6,8
Data Terminal Ready (DTR)
Data Set Ready (DSR) /
Data Carrier Detect (DCD)
2.
Signal
to Signal
Press the SELF-TEST button to start the user-initiated test.
The diagnostics will perform internal and external loopback, jabberstop*,
and data rate subtests to each channel. If a media card is missing or is bad,
the test will fail. The subtests for the user-initiated diagnostic test include
the following.
•
RAM data and address line verification (internal and external RAM)
•
ROM integrity using CRC and checksum
•
Serial Communications Chip (SCC) using internal loopback and baud rate
•
Transmitter/Receiver via external loopback and jabberstop
•
Verification of watchdog timer
•
Indicator operation
*The jabberstop is a Gateway feature which prevents a device from monopolizing the network.
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Gateway Installation and Configuration
3-13
Diagnostic Tests (continued)
Table 3-5 shows how to interpret the results of the user-initiated diagnostic
test according to the status of the indicator lights.
Table 3-5 Indicator Status after User-Initiated Test
Indicator
Pass
Fail
GATEWAY GOOD
On
Off
ROM, RAM, watchdog
TRANSMIT
On
Off
Network Port: loopback, jabberstop,
network baud rate
RECEIVE
On
Off
Host Port: loopback, jabberstop, host
port baud rate
Flashing
Flashing
TEST MODE
Subtests Included
Test Completed
Note: During the test, the COMM ACTIVE and ONLINE indicators are off.
3.
If GATEWAY GOOD, TRANSMIT, and RECEIVE are not lit at the end
of the test, first make sure that the loopback connector(s) are on
securely, and repeat the test. If these indicators are still not on, contact
your Siemens Industrial Automation, Inc. distributor for assistance.
GATEWAY GOOD
ON = CPU board tests passed
COMM ACTIVE
ONLINE
RECEIVE
ON = Host port tests passed
TRANSMIT
ON = Network port tests passed
TEST MODE
Flashing = Tests completed
I000000
Figure 3-7 Indicator Status
4.
Burn-In and Final
Tests
3-14
To exit TEST mode, press the RESET button.
The burn-in and final tests are primarily factory quality tests and are
normally not used in any applications.
Gateway Installation and Configuration
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Appendix A
Data Type Identification
A.1
Corresponding Data Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-2
A.2
SIMATIC TI PLCs Supported by TIWAY I Gateway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-3
A.3
TIWAY I Gateway Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-4
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Data Type Identification
A-1
A.1
Corresponding Data Types
This appendix provides information on which Siemens PLCs are supported
by the Gateway, and how SIMATIC TI data types correspond to those of
the host systems. Also included in this appendix are a list of features added
to the latest release of the Gateway and a list of hardware specifications.
Table A-1 shows the correspondence between data types configured in the
host systems and the data retrieved from SIMATIC TI PLCs.
Table A-1 Data Type Identification
PLC Data Type
Fisher
Data Type
Foxboro
Data Type
Honeywell
Data Type
V-Memory
(12 LSBs*)
N/A
12-bit Binary from
Holding Registers
N/A
WX-Memory
(12 LSBs*)
N/A
12-bit Binary from
Input Registers
N/A
Y (discrete outputs) or
C (control relays)
Digital Points
Discrete Coils
Digital Outputs
X (discrete inputs)
N/A
Discrete Contacts
Digital Inputs
V-Memory Words
Input Register
16-bit Word from
Holding Registers
Analog Outputs
WX-Memory
N/A
16-bit Word from
Input Registers
Analog Inputs
V-Memory
N/A
N/A
Accumulated
Value
*Least significant bits
A-2
Data Type Identification
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
A.2
SIMATIC TI PLCs Supported by TIWAY I Gateway
Table A-2 shows all the PLCs supported by the TIWAY I Gateway and lists
the maximum number of discrete points, V-memory locations, and word
input memory locations which are accessible from the Gateway.
Table A-2 SIMATIC TI PLCs Supported and Accessible Data
SIMATIC TI
PLC Models
Discrete Points
(maximum no.)
V-Memory
Locations (max.)
Word Input
Locations (max.)
5TI
512 (read only)
Not accessible
Not accessible
TI520
128
512
128
TI520
1023
1024
1023
TI530
1023
2047
1023
TI530C
1023
5120
1023
TI530T
1024
12000
1024
PM550
512
1024
128
PM550C
512
1024
128
TI525
1024
4096
1024
TI535
1024
12000
1024
TI545
1024
28762
1024
TI560(T)
8192
65536
8192
TI565(T)
8192
65536
8192
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Data Type Identification
A-3
A.3
TIWAY I Gateway Specifications
Table A-3 TIWAY I Gateway Features
TIWAY I Gateway Features
Before Rel. 1.3
Release 1.3
User-defined commands for IDT products
n
Message resynchronization after timeout
n
Selectable coil type (Y or C)
n
IDT data addressing scheme
n
Command support:
Read inputs
Read outputs
Read holding register
Read input register
Write holding register
Read exception status
Loopback test
Get communications event counter
Get communications event log
Write multiple coils
Write multiple holding registers
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
Table A-4 TIWAY I Gateway Physical and Environmental Specifications
Network Communication
1 channel per unit
Compatible PLCs
5TI, TI520/TI530, TI520C/TI530C, TI530T, PM550/C, TI560,
TI565, TI560T, TI565T
Host port interface
RS-232-C/423
Maximum cable length
25,000 feet (Local Line); 50 feet (RS-232-C/423)
Network port interface
RS-232-C/423 or Local Line
Data link protocol
HDLC with 16-bit cyclic redundancy error checking (CRC–CCITT)
Network data rates
110 bps – 115.2 kbps
Host port data rates
110 bps – 19.2 kbps
Modem types supported
Asynchronous/synchronous
Half/full duplex
Multi-drop/point-to-point
Network undetected bit error rate
6 x 10–13 (calculated) with premium cables
Unit size
9.5″ H x 4.0″ W x 7.5″ D
Unit power consumption
20 VA maximum
Operating temperature
0 to 60°C (32 to 140°F)
Storage temperature
–40 to +85°C (–40 to 185°F)
Operating humidity range
0% to 95% relative humidity, noncondensing
Agency approvals
ULr Listed
CSA Certified
Factory Mutual Research: Class I, Div. 2 hazardous locations
A-4
Data Type Identification
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Appendix B
System Configuration Forms
B.1
System Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B-2
B.2
V-Memory Offset Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B-3
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
System Configuration Forms
B-1
B.1
System Configuration
It is extremely important to keep complete, up-to-date records on system
configuration. This appendix provides some sample record-keeping forms for
use with a TIWAY I Gateway system.
Table B-1 System Configuration Form
Reference
B-2
PLC Type &
Number
System Configuration Forms
NIM Base/Slot
Number
Block #
Status Word
1
V
2
V
3
V
4
V
5
V
6
V
7
V
8
V
V Offset
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
B.2
V-Memory Offset Tables
Table B-2 V-Memory Offset Table (Resident Information)
PLC #
Base/Slot #
Number of Words
V Offset
Word #
Moved From
Word/Image Register
Comments
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Table B-3 V-Memory Offset Table (Received Information)
PLC #
Base/Slot #
Number of Words
V Offset
Word #
Moved To
Word/Image Register
Comments
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
System Configuration Forms
B-3
Appendix C
Modbus Commands
C.1
C.2
C.3
Modbus Protocol Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C-2
The RTU Transmission Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Message Delineation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Address Field . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Function Field . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Data Field . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checksum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Invalid Characters and Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Modbus Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Addressing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Address Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C-2
C-3
C-3
C-3
C-3
C-3
C-4
C-4
C-5
C-5
Modbus Function Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C-6
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Code 01 — Read Coil Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Code 02 — Read Input Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Code 03 — Read Output Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Code 04 — Read Input Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Code 05 — Write a Single Coil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Code 06 — Write a Single Register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Code 07 — Read Exception Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Code 08 — Execute Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Code 11 — Get Comms Event Counter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Code 12 — Get Comms Event Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Code 15 — Write Multiple Coils . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Code 16 — Write Multiple Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C-6
C-6
C-8
C-10
C-11
C-12
C-14
C-15
C-17
C-20
C-21
C-23
C-25
User-Defined Modbus Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-26
Command 65 — Read C Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-26
Command 66 — Read K Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-27
Command 67 — Read WY Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-27
C.4
Error Responses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-28
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Modbus Commands
C-1
C.1
Modbus Protocol Overview
This appendix describes the Modbus protocol in detail. For each of the
Modbus functions described, examples of requests and responses are given.
Table C-1 describes the Modbus functions supported by the Gateway.
Table C-1 Modbus Functions Supported
Code
The RTU
Transmission Frame
Type
Description
01
Read Coil Status
Get current status of a group of coils.
02
Read Input Status
Get current status of a group of discrete
inputs.
03
Read Holding Register
Get current values from holding registers.
04
Read Input Register
Get current values from input registers.
05
Force a Single Coil
Change the state of a logic coil to On or
Off, forced On or forced Off, or unforced.
06
Write a Single Register
Write a value into a holding register.
07
Read Exception Status
Get the 8 internal status coil values.
08
Execute Diagnostics
Send diagnostic tests to a slave.
11
Get Communications
Event Counter
Enable the success or failure of a query to
be determined.
12
Get Communications
Event Log
Get the communications log for Modbus
network transactions.
15
Write Multiple Coils
Change a number of consecutive coils.
16
Write Multiple Registers
Write values into a series of consecutive
holding registers.
The TIWAY I Gateway operates in the RTU transmission mode. The RTU
mode determines the start and finish of a message based on a time period of
silence (no transmission) equivalent to the time it would take to transmit
3.5 characters at the chosen baud rate. The RTU transmission frame is
shown in Figure C-1.
Address
Function
Data
Checksum
No data
8 bits
8 bits
n x 8 bits
16 bits
T1 T2 T3
T1 T2 T3 . . . represents a time of 3.5 characters at given baud rate.
I000000
Figure C-1 RTU Transmission Frame
C-2
Modbus Commands
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Message
Delineation
The start and finish of a message is determined by timing in RTU mode.
Any time longer than 3.5 character lengths marks the end of a
transmission. The next character after that would then mark the start of
the next message. This time period is dependent on the baud rate. Table C-2
shows the effect of baud rate on the time period (assuming 2 stop bits).
Table C-2 RTU Timing
Baud Rate
19200
9600
7200
4800
3600
2400
1800
1200
600
300
200
150
110
Time (ms)
2.2
4.4
5.9
8.8
11.7
17.5
23.4
35.0
70.0
140.0
210.0
280.0
383.0
The Address Field
The Address field identifies the node to which this message is being sent
and is a number in the range of 1 to 247. Each node on any one network
must have a unique address. Only those nodes addressed will respond
unless the broadcast address 0 is used. In that case, each slave will read
and act on the message but not respond.
The Function Field
The Function field is an 8-bit code that determines the action that a slave
takes when receiving the message. These function codes are summarized in
Table C-1 and described in more detail with examples in section C.2.
The Data Field
The Data field contains the information needed by the specified node to
perform the required operation, or the information returned by the node to
the host computer.
Checksum
The checksum needs 16 bits and uses the Cyclic Redundancy Checksum
(CRC) method. The calculation of this checksum is described in the Modbus
Protocol Reference Manual.
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Modbus Commands
C-3
Modbus Protocol Overview (continued)
Invalid Characters
and Messages
Modbus Functions
The Gateway ignores messages that contain invalid characters. Messages
containing the following errors will also be ignored.
•
Incorrect checksum
•
Parity error
•
Framing errors
•
Incomplete transmission
This section outlines some of the differences between Modbus and TIWAY I
network commands.
•
Whereas Modbus uses Functions Codes, TIWAY I uses Primitives.
Primitives differ from Function codes in one important way: primitives
use TT-types to allow one primitive to address different types of data.
With Modbus a different function code is required for each type of data.
•
For all SIMATIC TI Series 505 PLCs, the first address for each type of
memory is always 1. Modbus PLCs by comparison allow 0 as the first
legal address.
•
If each system were to return one byte (8 bits) representing eight
discrete coils, they would each be positioned as shown in Figure C-2.
8
MSB
7
Modbus PLCs
SIMATIC TI PLCs
Coil No.
Coil No.
6
5
4
<<<
3
2
1
1
LSB
MSB
2
3
4
5
<<<
6
7
8
LSB
I000000
Figure C-2 Bit Orientation
C-4
Modbus Commands
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
•
Terminology is another area in which differences occur. Some of the
differences in terms are given in Table C-3.
Table C-3 Terminology Differences
Modbus-based PLCs
Addressing
SIMATIC TI PLCs
Coil
Discrete output (Y) or Control Relay (C)
Input Register
Word Image Register (WX/WY)
Holding Register
Variable Memory (V-memory)
Slave
Secondary Node
P/C (Programmable Controller)
PLC
Function code
Primitive
Modbus
TIWAY I
Disabled (coil)
Forced
Enabled (coil)
Unforced
The TIWAY I Gateway uses the absolute position of the data for the address.
That is, if you want to address the 3066th coil, then that is the address you
pass with the command (as hexadecimal value BFA). The maximum address
is 65535 (FFFF hex). For example, if you want to access 1000 coils starting
at the 703rd coil, the Function Code 01 would be as follows:
01 01 02 BF 03 E8 0C E8
Address Limits
Modbus imposes a buffer size limit of 256 bytes. Because of this restriction,
TIWAY I Gateway requests have been limited to the following values.
Function Code
01
02
03
04
15
16
Quantity
2000
2000
125
125
800
100
coils
discrete inputs
output registers
input registers
coils
registers
The command checking will reject requests for data greater than the limits
shown above. What the checking does not do is check the request against
the available PLC memory. When a request goes beyond the memory of a
particular PLC, the command will be rejected by the PLC and the host
computer will be notified by the Exception Code 02.
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Modbus Commands
C-5
C.2
Modbus Function Descriptions
Introduction
In the descriptions that follow, each function starts on a separate page and
includes the TIWAY primitive sent to the secondary in square brackets. For
each function, an example of request and response is given.
Code 01 — Read
Coil Status
Code 01 enables the user to read the On/Off values of logic coils. The data
passed with this command is the start address and the number of coils to be
read. Addressing is sequential up to the maximum memory size for a
particular PLC. The maximum number of coils that can be addressed with
one command is 2000. If more are requested, the whole command will be
rejected with an Exception code 03.
!
WARNING
SIMATIC TI PLCs number memory locations starting at address 1.
Modbus PLCs number areas of memory starting from address 0.
Failure to alter host computer application programs may result in
the wrong bits being read.
Example:
Request:
07 01 000A 0005 XXXX
Checksum (XXXX)
Number of points (0005)
Start point (000A)
Function code (01)
Slave address (07)
I000000
Figure C-3 Read Coil Status Example — Request
This request is asking the Gateway to return the data from 5 coils (On/Off)
starting at the 10th coil.
[This is equivalent to sending a TIWAY Primitive 20 request using TT-type 7
(Packed Discrete Outputs) or TT-type 8 (C Packed), depending on the
position of Switch 10 of the network dipswitch bank in the Gateway.]
C-6
Modbus Commands
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Response:
07 01 01 1A XXXX
Checksum (XXXX)
Data (1A)
Number of bytes (01)
Function code (01)
Slave address (07)
I000000
Figure C-4 Read Coil Status Example — Response
The response returns in the data field a single byte (1A) which contains the
1’s or 0’s for the 5 coils, packed out with zeros for the three high bits.
1A =
0001
1010
Coil 0A (OFF)
Coil 0B (ON)
Coil 0C (OFF)
Coil 0D (ON)
Coil 0E (ON)
Packed with zeros (000)
I000000
Figure C-5 Read Coil Status Example — Data Field
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Modbus Commands
C-7
Modbus Function Descriptions (continued)
Code 02 — Read
Input Status
Code 02 allows the application to read a series of discrete inputs. The
command includes the start address and the number of points to be read.
Addressing is sequential up to the maximum memory size for a particular
PLC. The maximum number of inputs that can be addressed with one
command is 2000. If more are requested, the whole command will be
rejected with an Exception code 03.
Example:
Request:
07 02 000A 0005 XXXX
Checksum (XXXX)
Number of points (0005)
Start point (000A)
Function code (02)
Slave address (07)
I000000
Figure C-6 Read Input Status Example — Request
This request is for the data from 5 discrete inputs (On/Off) starting at the
10th input.
[This command is equivalent to sending a TIWAY I Primitive 20 request
using TT-type 6 (Packed Discrete Inputs)].
Response:
07 02 01 1A XXXX
Checksum (XXXX)
Data (1A)
Number of bytes (01)
Function code (02)
Slave address (07)
I000000
Figure C-7 Read Input Status Example — Response
C-8
Modbus Commands
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
The response returns in the data field a single byte (1A) containing the 1’s
or 0’s for the 5 discrete inputs, packed out with zeros for the three high bits.
1A =
0001
1010
Input 0A (OFF)
Input 0B (ON)
Input 0C (OFF)
Input 0D (ON)
Input 0E (ON)
Packed with zeros (000)
I000000
Figure C-8 Read Input Status Example — Data Field
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Modbus Commands
C-9
Modbus Function Descriptions (continued)
Code 03 — Read
Output Registers
Code 03 allows you to read the contents of holding registers in the attached
secondary device. The data field of this command includes the start address
of the registers and the number of registers to be read.
Addressing is sequential up to the maximum memory size for a particular
PLC. The maximum number of registers that can be addressed with one
command is 125. If more are requested, the whole command will be rejected
with an Exception code 03.
[This command is equivalent to issuing a TIWAY I Primitive 20 request with
a TT-type 01 (Variable Memory)].
Example:
Request:
07 03 0064 0003 XXXX
Checksum (XXXX)
Number of registers (0003)
Address of first register (0064)
Function code (03)
Slave address (07)
I000000
Figure C-9 Read Output Register Example — Request
This request is for secondary address 7 to read the contents of registers
0064, 0065, and 0066 (100, 101, and 102 decimal).
Response:
07 03 06 032C 0001 0030 XXXX
Checksum (XXXX)
3rd register value (0030)
2nd register value (0001)
1st register value (032C)
Number of bytes (06)
Function code (03)
Slave address (07)
I000000
Figure C-10 Read Output Register Example — Response
The response has returned the number of bytes of data (06) and the values
for the requested registers; these are 032C, 0001, and 0030 respectively
(812, 1, and 48 decimal).
C-10
Modbus Commands
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Code 04 — Read
Input Registers
Code 04 allows you to read the contents of input registers in the attached
PLC. These registers hold the values returned by the I/O devices. The data
field of this command includes the start address of the registers and the
number of registers to be read.
Addressing is sequential up to the maximum memory size for a particular
PLC. The maximum number of registers that can be addressed with one
command is 125. If more are requested, the whole command will be rejected
with an Exception code 03.
[This command is equivalent to issuing a TIWAY I Primitive 20 request with
a TT-type 09 (Word input WX)].
Example:
Request:
07 04 0008 0001 XXXX
Checksum (XXXX)
Number of registers (0001)
Address of first register (0008)
Function code (04)
Slave address (07)
I000000
Figure C-11 Read Input Register Example — Request
This request is for secondary address 7 to read and return the value stored
in input register 0008.
Response:
07 04 02 0020 XXXX
Checksum (XXXX)
Input register value (0020)
Number of bytes (02)
Function code (04)
Slave address (07)
I000000
Figure C-12 Read Input Register Example — Response
The response has returned the number of bytes of data (02) and the value
0020 (32 decimal) from the requested input register (0008).
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Modbus Commands
C-11
Modbus Function Descriptions (continued)
Code 05 — Write a
Single Coil
Code 05 allows a designated coil [discrete output Y or C, depending on the
position of Switch 10 on the network dipswitches] to be written. Depending
on the code passed in the data field, it can be changed to On (1) or Off (0),
forced On or Off, or unforced. The two-byte codes are the following.
FF00 (hex) . . . . . . . . . . ON
0000 (hex) . . . . . . . . . . . OFF
NOTE: All other values are illegal and will result in error response 03.
Where the Broadcast address (00) is used, the Gateway will send the change
coil command to all attached secondaries.
[This command is comparable to Primitive 30, using TT-type 4 (Y coils) or
type 5 (Cs).]
!
WARNING
Because of differences in memory mapping between Modbus PLCs
and SIMATIC TI PLCs, you should be quite certain of the effects of
the broadcast command before issuing it.
Example:
Request:
07 05 0064 FF00 XXXX
Checksum (XXXX)
OFF/ON code (FF00 = On)
Coil address (0064)
Function code (05)
Slave address (07)
I000000
Figure C-13 Write a Single Coil Example — Request
This request to secondary 7 is asking for coil 0064 (100 decimal) to be
changed to the on state.
C-12
Modbus Commands
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Response:
07 05 0064 FF00 XXXX
Checksum (XXXX)
OFF/ON code (FF00 = ON)
Coil address (0064)
Function code (05)
Slave address (07)
I000000
Figure C-14 Read Input Register Example — Response
The response to Function Code 05 is to return the request as received. In
the case of a broadcast request, there is no response.
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Modbus Commands
C-13
Modbus Function Descriptions (continued)
Code 06 — Write a
Single Register
Code 06 allows the contents of a holding register to be changed. Addressing
is sequential up to the maximum memory size for a particular PLC. This
function is limited to integer values contained in V-memory. The Gateway
will also direct any broadcast address (00) to all attached secondaries.
[This command is comparable to a TIWAY I request using Primitive 30 and
TT-type 01 (Variable memory)].
Example:
Request:
07 06 0064 0220 XXXX
Checksum (XXXX)
Data value (0220)
Register address (0064)
Function code (06)
Slave address (07)
I000000
Figure C-15 Write a Single Register Example — Request
This request to secondary 7 is asking for the value of holding register 0064
(100 decimal) to be changed to 0220 (544 decimal).
Response:
07 06 0064 0220 XXXX
Checksum (XXXX)
Data value (0220)
Register address (0064)
Function code (06)
Slave address (07)
I000000
Figure C-16 Write a Single Register Example — Response
The response to Function Code 06 is to return the request as received. In
the case of a broadcast request, there is no response.
C-14
Modbus Commands
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Code 07 — Read
Exception Status
Code 07 instructs the Gateway to read 8 predefined Cs within a secondary.
This implementation will read the first 8 Cs in the discrete image register in
a secondary and pack them into one data byte.
NOTE: The programmer of a non-Modbus PLC must make certain that the
application program running within the PLC will place meaningful data in
these locations. This data can reflect status information.
Example:
Request:
11 07 XXXX
Checksum (XXXX)
Function code (07)
Slave address (11)
I000000
Figure C-17 Read Exception Status Example — Request
This request to secondary 17 (decimal) is asking for exception status data.
Response:
11 07 3B XXXX
Checksum (XXXX)
Data value (3B)
Function code (07)
Slave address (11)
I000000
Figure C-18 Read Exception Status Example — Response
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Modbus Commands
C-15
Modbus Function Descriptions (continued)
The response shows that 3B (hex) has been returned. If the individual bits
are examined, they indicate the status of each bit.
Coils
3B (hex)
0
0
1
1
1
0
1
1
Coil 1 (ON)
Coil 2 (ON)
Coil 3 (OFF)
Coil 4 (ON
Coil 5 (ON)
Coil 6 (ON)
Coil 7 (OFF)
Coil 8 (OFF)
I000000
Figure C-19 Exception Status Bits
C-16
Modbus Commands
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Code 08 —
Execute
Diagnostics
Code 08 enables diagnostic information to be retrieved to conduct network
testing. This function does not affect the operation of the PLC.
Example:
Request:
02 08 0000 B405 XXXX
Checksum (XXXX)
Information Field (B405)
Diagnostic code (0000)
Function code (08)
Slave address (02)
I000000
Figure C-20 Execute Diagnostics Example — Request
This example shows a request to conduct diagnostic test 0000. This is the
loopback query, where the outgoing message field is returned unchanged.
Response:
02 08 0000 B405 XXXX
Checksum (XXXX)
Information Field (B405)
Diagnostic code (0000)
Function code (08)
Slave address (02)
I000000
Figure C-21 Execute Diagnostics Example — Response
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Modbus Commands
C-17
Modbus Function Descriptions (continued)
Table C-4 details the diagnostic codes supported.
Table C-4 Diagnostic Codes Supported
Code
(hex)
C-18
Modbus Commands
Diagnostic Description
Is Code
Supported?
00
Return request message
Yes
01
Restart communications with the slave
Yes
02
Return diagnostics register
No
03
Change message end character
No
04
Set slave in listen only mode
No
0A
Clear counters and diagnostics
No
0B
Return message count
No
0C
Return checksum error count
No
0D
Return exception count
No
0E
Return slave message count
No
0F
Return slave no response count
No
10
Return slave NAK count
No
11
Return slave busy count
No
12
Return character overrun count
No
13
Return overrun error count
No
14
Clear character overrun count
No
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
The diagnostics codes supported are described in the following paragraphs.
Diagnostic Code — 00
0000 |
any data
Information frame
Diagnostic code
I000000
When Function Code 08 uses diagnostic code 0000, any data passed in the
information field is returned to the host computer by the Gateway. The
Gateway will send Primitive 02 to the secondary. If the secondary has a
fatal error, communications loopback is not performed to indicate fatal error.
The purpose of this command is to determine if the communications are
functioning correctly, and may be used in conjunction with diagnostic tests
described later.
Diagnostic Code — 01
0001 | 00 00
or 0001 | FF 00
Information frame
Diagnostic code
I000000
When Function Code 08 uses diagnostic code 0001, the information frame
can contain 0000 or FF00. This function causes the Gateway to clear all
internal counters and registers. If the information frame contains FF00, the
Communications Event Log will be cleared. If any other value is passed in
the information field, the Communications Event Log will not be cleared,
and no response will be returned.
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Modbus Commands
C-19
Modbus Function Descriptions (continued)
Code 11 — Get
Comms Event
Counter
Code 11 returns a 2-byte status word and an associated 2-byte event
counter. The status word is defined in the Modbus Protocol Reference
Specification as being 0 for no command in progress and FFFF if a previous
command is in progress. The status will always be 0 in the Gateway.
The event counter is incremented for every successful message; it is not
incremented for exceptions or polls, or for this code or Code 12. This code
can be used to determine if a single command was successful when a
communication error occurred during the request or response.
The event counter will increment to the value FFFF (65535 decimal), then
begin again from zero.
Example:
Request:
15 0B XXXX
Checksum (XXXX)
Function code (0B)
Slave address (15)
I000000
Figure C-22 Get Comms Event Counter Example — Request
In this example, secondary node 21 (15 hex) has been asked to return the
event counter and the associated status word.
Response:
15 0B 0000 0143 XXXX
Checksum (XXXX)
Number of events (0143)
Status word (0000)
Function code 11 (0B hex)
Slave address 21 (15 hex)
I000000
Figure C-23 Get Comms Event Counter Example — Response
The response shows that the status word is 0000 and that 323 (decimal)
events have occurred.
C-20
Modbus Commands
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Code 12 — Get
Comms Event Log
Code 12 returns the same information as Function Code 11 plus a message
count and an additional 64-event byte. This means that a 2-byte status
word, a 2-byte event counter, a message count, and the most recent 64
events are returned. A buffer records each send or receive operation and
overwrites the oldest event with the latest event. No events are recorded for
this code or Code 11. The Event Byte types are shown in Table C-5.
Request:
10 0C XXXX
Checksum (XXXX)
Function code (0C)
Slave address (10)
I000000
Figure C-24 Get Comms Event Log Example — Request
This request to address 16 (decimal) is for the Exception Event Log.
Response: 10 0C 46 0000 0204 020B C0 00 . . . XXXX
Checksum (XXXX)
2nd latest event (00)
Latest event (C0)
Message count (020B)
Event count (0204)
Status word (0000)
Byte count (46)
Function code 12 (0C hex)
Slave address (10)
I000000
Figure C-25 Get Comms Event Log Example — Response
The response has returned 70 bytes of data (2 status bytes + 2 event counter
bytes + 2 message counts + 64 event bytes). Only two of the event bytes are
shown; these indicate the secondary node was reset (00) and then received a
broadcast message (C0). The most recent events are returned first.
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Modbus Commands
C-21
Modbus Function Descriptions (continued)
Table C-5 Event Byte Types
Event Byte
C-22
Bit Definitions
Slave Bus Receive. Byte
stored on receipt of message
Bit 0 – Reserved
Bit 1 – Set if communications error
Bit 2 – Reserved
Bit 3 – Reserved
Bit 4 – Set if character overrun
Bit 5 – Set if in Listen Only mode
Bit 6 – Set if Broadcast
Bit 7 – 1
Slave Bus Transmit. Byte
stored when message sent
Bit 0 – Set if an exception (1–3) is sent
Bit 1 – Set if secondary abort exception (6) is sent
Bit 2 – Set if secondary busy exception (6) is sent
Bit 3 – Not used
Bit 4 – Set if write timeout occurred
Bit 5 – Set if in Listen Only mode
Bit 6 – 1
Bit 7 – 0
Initiate Communications
Reset. Complete log is set
to zeros.
Bit 0 – 0
Bit 1 – 0
Bit 2 – 0
Bit 3 – 0
Bit 4 – 0
Bit 5 – 0
Modbus Commands
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Code 15 — Write
Multiple Coils
Code 15 allows the host computer to write multiple coils. When this
command is given, successive coils are changed, by an associated bit
pattern, to the indicated state; where each bit indicates: 1 = ON 0 = OFF
Addressing is sequential up to the maximum memory size for a particular
secondary. The maximum number of coils that can be addressed with one
command is 800. If more are given, the whole command will be rejected with
an Exception code 03.
The broadcast address (00) can be used to change the same coils in all
networked programmable controllers.
[This command is equivalent to TIWAY Primitive 30 using data types 04, 07
(Y unpacked, packed) or data types 05, 08 (C unpacked, packed), depending
on the position of network port Switch 10.]
Request:
07 0F 0012 000C 02 DC08 XXXX
Checksum (XXXX)
Coil status (DC08)
Number of bytes (02)
Number of coils (000C)
Start coil address (0012)
Function code (0F)
Slave address (07)
I000000
Figure C-26 Write Multiple Coils Example — Request
This request is for the secondary node to change the values of 12 (0C hex)
coils starting at address 12 (18 decimal) to the states given by the following
bit pattern.
D
1
1
C
0
1
Coil 25 (ON)
1
1
0
1
0
0
0
8
0
0
1
0
0
0
Coil 26 (OFF)
Coil 29 (ON)
Coil 18 (OFF)
I000000
Figure C-27 Coil Bit Pattern
The bit pattern indicates that coils 19, 20, 21, 22, 24, 25, and 29 are to be
changed to ON and 18, 23, 26, 27, and 28 changed to OFF.
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Modbus Commands
C-23
Modbus Function Descriptions (continued)
Response:
07 0F 0012 000C XXXX
Checksum (XXXX)
Number of coils (000C)
Start coil address (0012)
Function code (0F)
Slave address (07)
I000000
Figure C-28 Write Multiple Coils Example — Response
C-24
Modbus Commands
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Code 16 — Write
Multiple Registers
Code 16 allows the host computer to write multiple values into successive
registers. Addressing is sequential up to the maximum memory size for a
particular PLC. The maximum number of registers that can be addressed
with one command is 100. If more are given, the whole command will be
rejected with an Exception code 03.
[This command is equivalent to a TIWAY I request using Primitive 30 with
TT-type 01 (Variable memory)].
Request:
02 10 0078 0002 04 000B 0201 XXXX
Checksum (XXXX)
2nd register data (0201)
1st register data (000B)
Number of bytes (04)
Number of registers (0002)
Start register address (0078)
Function code 16 (10 hex)
Slave address (02)
I000000
Figure C-29 Write Multiple Registers Example — Request
This request is to the secondary node to change the values of 2 holding
registers, starting at address 0078 (120 decimal) to 11 and 513 respectively.
Response:
02 10 0078 0002 XXXX
Checksum (XXXX)
Number of registers (0002)
Start register address (0078)
Function code 16 (10 hex)
Slave address (02)
I000000
Figure C-30 Write Multiple Registers Example — Response
The response to this command is to return the address, code, starting
address, and the numbers of registers to be changed.
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Modbus Commands
C-25
C.3
User-Defined Modbus Commands
There are three user-defined commands implemented in the TIWAY I
Gateway. These commands, described below, allow the Gateway to work
with the IDT operator interface family of products.
Command 65 —
Read C Memory
This command permits the collection of Control Relay (C) data. The format
of the command is as follows.
Request:
aa 41 llll nnnn XXXX
Checksum (XXXX)
Number of points to collect (nnnn)
Starting point to collect from (llll)
Command 65 (41 hex)
Address (aa)
I000000
Figure C-31 Command 65 — Request
The response for this command is as follows.
Response:
aa 41 bb dd dd . . . XXXX
Checksum (XXXX)
C data: 0 – off, 1 – on
Number of data bytes to follow (bb)
Command 65 (41 hex)
PLC TIWAY network address (aa)
I000000
Figure C-32 Command 65 — Response
C-26
Modbus Commands
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Command 66 —
Read K Memory
This command permits the collection of constant (K) memory. The formats of
the command and response are as follows.
Request:
aa 42 llll nnnn XXXX
Checksum (XXXX)
Number of locations to collect (nnnn)
Starting location to collect from (llll)
Command 66 (42 hex)
Address (aa)
I000000
Figure C-33 Command 66 — Request
Response:
aa 42 bb dddd . . . XXXX
Checksum (XXXX)
K-memory data
Number of data bytes to follow (bb)
Command 66 (42 hex)
PLC TIWAY network address (aa)
I000000
Figure C-34 Command 66 — Response
Command 67 —
Read WY Memory
This command permits the collection of Word Output memory. The formats
of the command and response are as follows.
Request:
aa 43 llll nnnn XXXX
Checksum (XXXX)
Number of locations to collect (nnnn)
Starting location to collect from (llll)
Command 67 (43 hex)
Address (aa)
I000000
Figure C-35 Command 67 — Request
Response:
aa 43 bb dddd . . . XXXX
Checksum (XXXX)
WY memory data
Number of data bytes to follow (bb)
Command 67 (43 hex)
PLC TIWAY network address (aa)
I000000
Figure C-36 Command 67 — Response
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Modbus Commands
C-27
C.4
Error Responses
Errors such as illegal addressing or failure of communications with a PLC
are reported by exception responses. Exception responses replace the
expected response to a request and are recognized by the returned Function
Code with the top bit set high (see example in Figure C-37).
Request:
Address
Function
Data
Checksum
07
01
00000041
XXXX
Address
Function
Exception Code
Checksum
07
81
02
XXXX
Response:
I000000
Figure C-37 Exception Response Frame
In this example, the request is for secondary node 07 to return the data for
65 (41 hex) coils starting at address 00, which is an illegal address for a
SIMATIC TI PLC. The response is an exception indicated by the Function
Code 81 (01 with the high bit set), with the exception code 02 indicating that
the data address was illegal.
NOTE: The TIWAY I network uses Exception Primitives. Exceptions sent by
SIMATIC TI PLCs are mapped to Modbus Exception Codes.
Table C-6 list the exception responses that apply to the functions supported
by the TIWAY I Gateway.
Table C-6 Exception Responses
Code
C-28
Modbus Commands
Name
Description
01
Illegal Function
The function received is not defined for this
application [equivalent to SIMATIC TI
exception codes 00, 01, 06, 15].
02
Illegal Data Address
The address contained in the data field is not
valid for the secondary being addressed
[equivalent to SIMATIC TI code 02]
03
Illegal Data Value
The value passed in the data field is not
allowable for the secondary being addressed
[equivalent to SIMATIC TI codes 10, 19, 1D].
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Appendix D
Configuring the PLC for Fisher PROVOX
D.1
D.2
D.3
Considerations for Configuring a TIWAY I/PROVOX System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
D-2
PLC Configuration Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Network Design Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
D-2
D-2
PLC Programming Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
D-3
Blocking Network Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Writing to Integer Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Writing to Discrete Points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PLC Status Register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
D-3
D-3
D-3
D-3
PLC Programming Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
D-4
Data to be Accessed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Relay Ladder Logic Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
D-4
D-5
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Configuring the PLC for Fisher PROVOX
D-1
D.1
Considerations for Configuring a TIWAY I/PROVOX System
PLC Configuration
Requirements
To configure the PLC to operate with the Fisher PROVOX Programmable
Controller Interface Unit (PCIU), you need to consider the following
restrictions and requirements.
•
A maximum of eight PLCs can be networked with each PCIU on a
PROVOX system.
•
A total of 64 data registers can be distributed in V-memory across one
to eight PLCs on the PCIU.
•
The PCIU can be configured to access up to 8 blocks of contiguous
V-memory. These blocks may encompass up to 64 words of data. The
network cannot access any data that is not defined in one of these
blocks.
•
Data can be read from and written to contiguous blocks of V-memory.
•
Words within a block of V-memory may be defined as integer or discrete
registers. The values of the discrete registers correspond to the values
of a contiguous block of 16 Y points.
•
For each V-memory block in a PLC that the PCIU is configured to read,
the first word in the block must be reserved as a status register. This
word does not count toward the 64-word limit.
•
All registers should be defined in the V-memory of the PLC. The
starting V-memory address for each PLC register block must be
configured in the PCIU.
•
Each PLC should have an address assigned to it ranging from 1 to 247.
These requirements have several important consequences in network and
PLC program design.
Network Design
Considerations
D-2
The restriction to 8 contiguous memory blocks defined for a given PCIU
means that there is a maximum of 8 PLCs that the PROVOX system can
access on a single TIWAY I network. However, if more than one contiguous
block is defined within a single PLC, then for every block after the first in
the PLC, one less PLC on the TIWAY I network can be accessed by the
PCIU. For example, if 3 V-memory blocks were defined for each PLC
connected to the PROVOX system, then a maximum of 2 PLCs could be
attached to each PCIU, with each PCIU having 2 unused memory blocks.
Configuring the PLC for Fisher PROVOX
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
D.2
PLC Programming Considerations
Blocking Network
Data
The restrictions on data types and numbers of contiguous data blocks that
can be accessed by a PCIU influence the design of the PLC programs to be
used in a PROVOX environment. To increase the number of secondaries
that can be supported by a single PCIU, you should group together the data
to be read by the network into a single contiguous block. Similarly, data
supplied to the PLC from the network should be written into a single
contiguous block. In most cases, data is read from and written to the same
block of memory. This puts the burden of blocking and unblocking the
network data on the PLC.
Box functions in Series 500, Series 505, and PM550 PLCs make this
blocking and unblocking of data a relatively easy task. Refer to the
appropriate user manuals for more information about this function.
Writing to Integer
Registers
Another important consideration is that the network writes values into the
PLC memory; it does not force the memory to the given value. This
distinction implies that if, after a value has been written into a memory
location, the PLC program writes a value to the same location, the network
data will be overwritten.
NOTE: The PLC ladder logic program must be carefully designed to avoid
this problem.
Writing to Discrete
Points
The PROVOX system allows you to write discrete values to any Y point that
is defined in a discrete register. However, the PCIU expects the contents of
the discrete register to accurately reflect the status of the Y points defined
in it. The ladder logic program must be designed to ensure that this is the
case. This can be accomplished by moving the contents of the Y points to the
discrete register.
PLC Status Register
The first word of each contiguous V-memory block serves as the PLC status
register. This register is used to pass information about the state of the PLC
and the process it is controlling to the PROVOX system. The exact contents
of this register are user-definable.
Section D.3 provides an example of network and PLC program design for a
Fisher PROVOX system.
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Configuring the PLC for Fisher PROVOX
D-3
D.3
PLC Programming Example
Data to be
Accessed
Assume that you have several Series 500 or Series 505 PLCs and PM550
PLCs which need to be attached to a PROVOX system. You need to access
the following data from each PLC in the network.
Table D-1 PLC Data to be Accessed
Series 500/505 PLCs
PM550 PLCs
Network Operation
Y1 – Y16
Y0 – Y15
Read
Y22
Y21
Read
X41 – X44
X40 – X43
Read
V14 – V16
V13 – V15
Read
WX17
A101
Read
TCC1
C100
Read
V50
V50
Write
C29 – C32
CR28 – CR31
Read/Write
WY25
A201
Write
The V-memory block is defined as follows in Table D-2.
Table D-2 V-Memory Block
Address
Type
Contents
V200
Status
PLC status register
V201
Discrete
Y1 – Y16
V202
Discrete
Y22, X41 – X44, C29 – C32
V203
Integer
V14
V204
Integer
V15
V205
Integer
V16
V206
Integer
WX17
V207
Integer
TCC1
V208
Integer
V50
V209
Integer
WY25
NOTE: The contents column is defined in terms of Series 500/505 data; for
PM550s, you should substitute the corresponding PM550 data.
D-4
Configuring the PLC for Fisher PROVOX
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
The V-memory block now has 9 data words (plus the status register) in each
PLC. From the 64-register limit, you would calculate that there could be a
maximum of 7 PLCs (64/9 = 7) configured like this and connected to a single
PCIU.
Relay Ladder Logic
Program
The following Relay Ladder Logic (RLL) programs for your Series 500/505 or
PM550 PLC will block and unblock data to be accessed by way of the
network.
I. Series 500 or Series 505 PLC Example Program
C1
C1
C1
C1
C3
BITP
A: STW1
N = 10
C1
C4
BITP 1
A: STW1
N = 11
C1
C5
BITP 2
A: STW1
N = 12
C1
C6
BITP 3
A: STW1
N = 13
(cont’d)
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Configuring the PLC for Fisher PROVOX
D-5
PLC Programming Example (continued)
C1
C7
BITP 4
A: STW1
N = 14
C1
C8
BITP 5
A: STW1
N = 15
C1
C9
BITP 6
A: STW1
N = 16
C1
MIRW 7
Copy STW01 from Image Register
to V200 (status register)
C2
IR = C3
A: V200
N=7
C1
Copy Y1–Y16 to V201
C2
MIRW
IR = Y1
A: V201
N = 16
Y22
Y800
Place Y22, X41–X44, into contiguous Image Register locations
X41
Y801
X42
Y802
(cont’d)
D-6
Configuring the PLC for Fisher PROVOX
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
X43
Y803
X44
Y804
Y805
Copy discrete values written via network to C29–C32
C29
Y806
C30
Y807
C31
Y808
C32
C1
MIRW 1
Copy discrete points to V202
C2
IR = Y800
A: V202
N=9
C1
MOVW 2
Copy V14–V16 to V203–V205
C2
A: V14
B: V203
N=3
C1
MOVW 3
Copy WX17 to V206
C2
A: WX17
B: V206
N=1
C1
Copy TCC1 to V207
C2
MOVW 4
A: TCC1
B: V207
N=1
(cont’d)
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Configuring the PLC for Fisher PROVOX
D-7
PLC Programming Example (continued)
'(/ -$, .)"++& )'% &+.')# +' 0
0
'(/ -$, .)"++& )'% &+.')# +' 0
0
End
II. PM550 Example Program
'(/ +' $'# "&+' '&+"!,',* %%')/
'(/ "*)+ -$,* .)"++& -" &+.')# +' (cont’d)
D-8
Configuring the PLC for Fisher PROVOX
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
PLC Programming Example (continued)
% ! ! ! % ! % ! % ! % #" $!! # !$ ! (cont’d)
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
Configuring the PLC for Fisher PROVOX
D-9
! D-10
Configuring the PLC for Fisher PROVOX
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
SPECIAL FUNCTION 15
I/O MOVE
START ADDRESS: C220
NEXT ADDRESS: C224
ERROR OUTPUT? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N
ERROR OUTPUT DESIGNATOR: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
NUMBER OF WORDS: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
FROM IR? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Y
FROM IR ADDRESS: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Y0
FROM V, C MEMORY ADDRESS: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TO IR? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N
TO IR ADDRESS: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TO V, C MEMORY ADDRESS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . V201
SPECIAL FUNCTION 15
I/O MOVE TABLE
FROM
ADDRESS
VALUE
TO
ADDRESS
VALUE
V201
–2
SPECIAL FUNCTION 15
I/O MOVE
START ADDRESS: C224
NEXT ADDRESS: C228
ERROR OUTPUT? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N
ERROR OUTPUT DESIGNATOR: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
NUMBER OF WORDS: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
FROM IR? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Y
FROM IR ADDRESS: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Y240
FROM V, C MEMORY ADDRESS: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TO IR? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N
TO IR ADDRESS: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TO V, C MEMORY ADDRESS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . V202
SPECIAL FUNCTION 15
I/O MOVE TABLE
FROM
ADDRESS
VALUE
TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
TO
ADDRESS
VALUE
V202
484
Configuring the PLC for Fisher PROVOX
D-11
Index
A
Distributed control systems, ix, 1-2
AC power connections, 1-3, 3-3
Addressing, limits, C-5
B
Double drop taps, 2-9
E
Baud rates, 3-4–3-8
Error responses, C-28
Bracket locations, 3-2
Exception responses, C-28
Burn-in test, 3-14
F
C
Cable routing
in ceiling, 2-10
surface ducting, 2-11
under floor, 2-10
Checksum, C-3
Components
installing Gateway, 2-3
Local line hardware, 2-6
Configuration, system, B-2
Features, Gateway Release 1.3, A-4
G
Gateway models, ix
H
Host interface port, 3-7
Host systems, ix
D
I
Data
transmission rates, 1-4, 3-7–3-8
types accessed, 1-4
Indicators, 3-4, 3-11, 3-12–3-14
Data types, corresponding, A-2
Initialization, 3-3–3-4
Diagnostic tests
operational, 3-12
power-on, 3-12
user-initiated, 3-13
Installing
Gateway, 2-2–2-3, 3-2–3-4
local line network, 2-4–2-11
See also Local Line
RS-232 modem interface, 2-12
Dipswitches
host port, 3-5, 3-6, 3-7
host system, 3-4
network port, 3-5, 3-6, 3-8–3-9
Interface ports, 1-3
Invalid characters, C-4
Index-1
L
P
Local Line
cable characteristics, 2-4
cable routing, 2-10
hardware components, 2-6
installation, 2-4–2-11
tap housing, 2-6
tap spacing, 2-8–2-9
terminating, 2-7
Pin assignments
local line connector, 2-4
RS-232-C interface, 2-12
Loopback
connections, 3-13
connector, 3-3
Power connections, 3-3
M
Manuals, x
Modbus commands
function code descriptions, C-6–C-25
protocol, C-2–C-5
user-defined, C-26–C-27
PLC configuration
programming, D-3
requirements, D-2
PLC programming, example, D-4–D-11
Power-on test, 3-12
Q
Quick reference, installation steps, 2-2–2-3
R
Mounting, 3-2
Rack mounting, 3-2
Multidrop taps, 2-9
Receive indicator, 3-11
N
Relay Ladder Logic (RLL), example program,
D-5–D-11
Reset button, 3-10
Network characteristics, 2-5
Network interface port, 3-8
S
Network media installation
Local Line, 2-4–2-11
RS-232-C modem interface, 2-12
Self-test button, 3-10
Noise avoidance, 2-11
Spacing rules, network, 2-8–2-9
Specifications, A-4
O
Offset tables, V-memory, B-3
Status indicator lights, 3-11
Subtests, diagnostic, 3-13–3-14
Online/Offline switch, 3-10
Switches
function, 3-10
location, 3-5
Operational test, 3-12
System configuration, B-2
Online indicator, 3-11
Index-2
T
Tap housing, 2-6
Terminating, main line cable, 2-7
Test mode indicator, 3-11
Test/operate switch, 3-9
Transmit indicator, 3-11
Twisted-pair cable, 2-7
U
User-initiated test, 3-13
V
V-memory, offset tables, B-3
Y
Y/C coil selection switch, 3-9
Index-3
'/ .#%'/0#.#" 0."#*.( ,$ '#*#+/ 0#35 '/ 0."#*.( ,$ '#*#+/ +"1/0.') 10,*0',+ +!
#.'#/ #.'#/ +" .# 0."#*.(/ ,$ '#*#+/ +"1/0.') 10,*0',+ +!
," 1/ '/ .#%'/0#.#" 0."#*.( ,$ ,"'!,+
'/ .#%'/0#.#" 0."#*.( ,$ ,+#53#)) +!
'/ 0."#*.( ,$ &# ,4 ,., ,*-+5
'/ .#%'/0#.#" 0."#*.( ,$ &# ,4 ,., ,*-+5
'/ .#%'/0#.#" 0."#*.( ,$ '/&#. ,+0.,)/ +!
'/ 0."#*.( ,$ '/&#. ,+0.,)/ +!
'/ .#%'/0#.#" 0."#*.( ,$ +0#%.0#" #2'!# #!&+,),%5 +!
#4/ +/0.1*#+0/ +" .# .#%'/0#.#" 0."#*.(/ ,$ #4/ +/0.1*#+0/ +!,.-,.0#"
+" .# 0."#*.(/ ,$ #4/ +/0.1*#+0/ +!,.-,.0#"
'/ .#%'/0#.#" 0."#*.( ,$ +"#.3.'0#./ ,.0,.'#/
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TIWAY I Gateway User Manual
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09/92
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