POWER AMPLIFIER
XH150
Owner’s Manual
POWER
POWER AMPLIFIER XH SERIES
ON
OFF
POWER
SIGNAL CLIP
CH A
PROTECTION
CLIP SIGNAL
CH B
E
Introduction
Thank you for purchasing a Yamaha XH150 power amplifier.
The development of the XH150 was enriched by Yamaha’s wealth of experience in building
PA equipment and its tradition of precision circuit design technology. This amp is dedicated
to driving high-impedance speakers, and feature high power and superb quality together with
superior reliability and stability, guaranteeing the highest possible audio performance.
Main features of the XH150:
• The unit is equipped with two types of inputs (balanced XLR and barrier strip) and one
barrier strip output.
• The voltage line is switchable between 100 V and 70 V, and output is rated at 150 W.
The high-impedance design makes the unit most suitable for driving multiple speaker
systems simultaneously in a facility.
• Independent low-cut/high-cut filters are provided for channels A and B. These filters
allow you to change cut-off frequencies.
• A SIGNAL indicator and CLIP indicator is provided for each channel.
• The PROTECTION indicator shows the status of protective circuitry such as power-on/
off protection, output muting, and the DC detection circuit.
• Variable-speed low-noise fan(s) ensures high reliability even under demanding conditions.
In order to take full advantage of your XH150 and enjoy long and trouble-free operation,
please read this owner’s manual carefully before use.
WARNING: THIS APPARATUS MUST BE EARTHED
IMPORTANT
THE WIRES IN THIS MAINS LEAD ARE COLOURED IN
ACCORDANCE WITH THE FOLLOWING CODE:
GREEN-AND-YELLOW :
EARTH
BLUE :
NEUTRAL
BROWN :
LIVE
As the colours of the wires in the mains lead of this apparatus may
not correspond with the coloured markings identifying the terminals in
your plug, proceed as follows:
The wire which is coloured GREEN and YELLOW must be
connected to the terminal in the plug which is marked by the letter E
or by the safety earth symbol
or coloured GREEN and YELLOW.
The wire which is coloured BLUE must be connected to the terminal
which is marked with the letter N or coloured BLACK.
The wire which is coloured BROWN must be connected to the
terminal which is marked with the letter L or coloured RED.
* This applies only to products distributed by YAMAHA KEMBLE
MUSIC (U.K.) LTD.
2
Precautions
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Connect this unit’s power cord only to an AC outlet of
the type stated in this Owner’s Manual or as marked
on the unit. Failure to do so is a fire and electrical
shock hazard.
Do not allow water to enter this unit or allow the unit
to become wet. Fire or electrical shock may result.
Do not place heavy objects, including this unit, on top
of the power cord. A damaged power cord is a fire and
electrical shock hazard. In particular, be careful not to
place heavy objects on a power cord covered by a
carpet.
Do not scratch, bend, twist, pull, or heat the power
cord. A damaged power cord is a fire and electrical
shock hazard.
Do not remove the unit’s cover. You could receive an
electrical shock. If you think internal inspection,
maintenance, or repair is necessary, contact your
dealer.
Do not modify the unit. Doing so is a fire and electrical shock hazard.
If the power cord is damaged (i.e., cut or a bare wire is
exposed), ask your dealer for a replacement. Using the
unit with a damaged power cord is a fire and electrical
shock hazard.
If you notice any abnormality, such as smoke, odor, or
noise, or if a foreign object or liquid gets inside the
unit, turn it off immediately. Remove the power cord
from the AC outlet. Consult your dealer for repair.
Using the unit in this condition is a fire and electrical
shock hazard.
Should this unit be dropped or the cabinet be damaged,
turn the power switch off, remove the power plug from
the AC outlet, and contact your dealer. If you continue
using the unit without heeding this instruction, fire or
electrical shock may result.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Hold the power cord plug when disconnecting it from
an AC outlet. Never pull the cord. A damaged power
cord is a potential fire and electrical shock hazard.
Do not touch the power plug with wet hands. Doing so
is a potential electrical shock hazard.
This unit has ventilation holes at the front, rear and
sides to prevent the internal temperature rising too
high. Do not block them. Blocked ventilation holes are
a fire hazard.
Allow enough free space around the unit for normal
ventilation. This should be: 10 cm at the sides, 30 cm
behind, and 20 cm above.
These distances should also be adopted when rackmounting the unit. For normal ventilation during use,
remove the rear of the rack or open a ventilation hole.
If the airflow is not adequate, the unit will heat up
inside and may cause a fire.
To mount several of these units in an EIA-compliant
rack, refer to the rack mounting instructions on page 9.
Use only speaker cables when connecting speakers to
amplifier outputs. Using other types of cables is a fire
hazard.
Do not use this amplifier for any purpose other than
driving loudspeakers.
XLR-type connectors are wired as follows:
pin 1: ground, pin 2: hot (+), and pin 3: cold (–).
Using a mobile telephone near this unit may induce
noise. If noise occurs, use the telephone away from the
unit.
Clean the contacts of the phone plug before connecting
it to the SPEAKERS jack of this unit. Dirty contacts
may generate heat.
Contents
Controls and Functions ............................................................. 4
Front Panel ........................................................................... 4
Rear Panel ........................................................................... 5
Connecting Speakers .......................................................... 6
Caution for Connection ............................................................. 8
Rack Mounting .......................................................................... 9
Mounting in an EIA standard rack ....................................... 9
General Specifications ....................................................... 10
Specifications .......................................................................... 10
Block Diagram .................................................................... 11
Dimensions ........................................................................ 11
Troubleshooting ...................................................................... 12
3
Controls and Functions
■ Front Panel
POWER
1
3
2
ON
4
OFF
POWER
SIGNAL CLIP
CH A
1 POWER switch and indicator
This is the main POWER switch. Press to power ON
the amplifier. Press again to power OFF. The POWER
indicator lights up when the amplifier is powered ON.
2 SIGNAL indicators
These green LED indicators light up when the
respective channel’s output signal exceeds 4 Vrms.
3 CLIP indicators
These red LED indicators light up when the respective
channel’s output signal distortion exceeds 1% (i.e.
clipping). Output signal clipping is usually due to
excessive input signal levels.
PROTECTION
CLIP SIGNAL
CH B
4 PROTECTION indicators
These LED indicators light up to indicate that the
protection circuit is working. The speaker system is
disconnected from the amplifier outputs and no sound
is output from the speakers.
The protection circuit is activated in the following
situations:
• When the amplifier is powered on:
The protection circuit is activated for approximately 3
seconds when the amplifier is powered on. After 3
seconds, the protection system is deactivated automatically, and the amplifier is ready to use.
• If a DC voltage is present at the amplifier’s
outputs:
If the DC voltage problem is corrected, normal
amplifier operation resumes.
• If overheating occurs:
Turn off the power to the amplifier to cool down the
unit and consult the Precautions section of this manual
to improve the vent condition, if necessary. Turn the
power on to the amplifier after it cools down.
4
■ Rear Panel
1
2
3
4
FILTER
CHANNEL B
CHANNEL A
LOW CUT
LOW CUT
40Hz
OFF
OFF
15
20
40Hz
80Hz
80Hz
40
00
HIGH CUT
–dB
0
00
–dB
0
CHANNEL A
SPEAKERS
OUTPUT VOLTAGE
HIGH CUT
5kHz
10
6
3
25
30
40
CHANNEL B
OFF
15
20
10
6
3
25
30
CHANNEL B
5kHz
10kHz
OFF
10kHz
70V
–
INPUT
CHANNEL B
+
+
–
INPUT
CHANNEL A
CHANNEL B
+
–
G
+
CHANNEL A
–
G
70V = 32Ω/CHANNEL
100V = 64Ω/CHANNEL
5
1 FILTER switches (CHANNEL A, B)
Independent low-cut/high-cut filters are provided for
channels A and B. These filters allow you to change
cut-off frequencies.
• LOW CUT switch
40Hz
80Hz
80Hz ...... Cuts the frequency range of 80 Hz by
12 dB/octave.
Normally, use at this position.
40Hz ...... Cuts the frequency range of 40 Hz by
12 dB/octave.
Only use this position if you have verified
that the speaker transformer you will use
secures an adequate low-frequency characteristic.
OFF ....... Turns the low-cut filter off.
Only use this position if you have verified
that the signal input to the power amp has its
low frequencies cut.
Note: If low frequency is applied to the power amp,
the speakers, speaker transformers, and amp may be
damaged by speaker transformer core saturation.
HIGH CUT
5kHz
OFF
6
2 Volume controls (CHANNEL A, B)
These knobs enable you to adjust the output level of
Channels A and B in the range between –∞ dB and
0 dB.
3 OUTPUT VOLTAGE switch
LOW CUT
OFF
• HIGH CUT switch
CHANNEL A
100V
10kHz
10kHz .... Cuts the frequency range of 10 kHz by
6 dB/octave.
5kHz ...... Cuts the frequency range of 5 kHz by 6 dB/
octave.
OFF ....... Turns the high-cut filter off.
This switch toggles between 100 V and 70 V voltage
line.
4 SPEAKERS terminals (CHANNEL A, B)
Barrier strip terminals are available. They are wired as
follows:
Hot (+), Cold (-)
Refer to “Connecting speakers” on page 6 for more
information on the impedance of the speaker systems
you can connect here.
5 INPUT terminals (CHANNEL A, B)
Two types of balanced terminals for channels A and B
are provided.
• XLR-3-31 type connector
They are wired as
follows (IEC 60268):
Hot
Pin 1–ground
Pin 2–hot (+)
Pin 3–cold (-)
1
2
Ground
3
Cold
• Barrier strip
Hot (+), Cold (-) and Ground (G).
6 GND terminals
This is the grounding screw terminal. If hum or noise
occurs, ground (earth) the unit via this jack, or try
connecting it to the chassis of the mixer or preamp,
etc.
5
■ Connecting Speakers
The XH150 series enables you to connect multiple high-impedance speakers in parallel that support 70 V or 100 V
line output. The number of speakers that can be connected varies depending on the speakers’ rated input. You can
connect speakers with a total rated input per channel of up to 150 W.
SPEAKERS
CHANNEL B
CHANNEL A
+
–
+
–
70V = 32Ω/CHANNEL
100V = 64Ω/CHANNEL
Total rated input of up to 150 W
Total rated input of up to 150 W
For example, if you are using speakers with a rated input of 15 W, you can connect up to ten speakers. If you are
using speakers with a rated input of 10 W, you can connect up to 15 speakers. You may also connect speakers with a
different rated input for each channel, as shown below:
SPEAKERS
CHANNEL B
–
CHANNEL A
+
+
–
70V = 32Ω/CHANNEL
100V = 64Ω/CHANNEL
Rated input
15 W
15 W
15 W
15 W x 10 units (= 150 W)
6
10 W
10 W
10 W
10 W x 15 units (= 150 W)
You can also connect multiple speakers with a different rated input to a single channel. For example, you can connect
ten speakers with a rated input of 5 W and ten speakers with a rated input of 10 W (total 150 W), as shown below:
SPEAKERS
CHANNEL B
–
CHANNEL A
+
+
–
70V = 32Ω/CHANNEL
100V = 64Ω/CHANNEL
Rated input
5W
5W
5W
5 W x 10 units (= 50 W)
10 W
10 W
10 W
10 W x 10 units (= 100 W)
50 W + 100 W= 150 W
Note: Be sure to use speakers that support the XH150’s line-out voltage (70 V or 100 V).
Note: You cannot connect a low-impedance speaker directly to the XH150. In this case, be sure to use a
speaker transformer (such as the Yamaha ST15). Follow the instruction guide that came with the speaker
transformer to avoid excessive loads.
7
Caution for Connection
1. Turn off the POWER switch.
2. Remove the cover attachment screws and remove the
protective cover from the speaker terminals.
Screw
15mm*
3. After removing approx. 15 mm of insulation from the
ends of the speaker cables, bind the bare ends of the
speaker wires in the corresponding speaker terminals
and tighten the terminals to securely clamp the wires.
Refer to page 5 for speaker porality.
* Shown actual size.
At this time make sure that the bare ends of the
speaker cables do not extend from the terminals in
such a way that they touch the chassis.
Wire should not
touch the chassis.
4. Reattach the protective cover over the speaker
terminals.
8
Rack Mounting
■ Mounting in an EIA standard rack
If multiple high-power amp units are mounted in a rack with poor ventilation, the heat from the amps will cause the
interior of the amp to become very hot, causing the performance of the amps to be impaired. In particular, when
mounting in a rack whose back can not be left open, mount according to the following instructions.
Rack: Leave a gap of 10 cm or more between the rear panel of the rack and the rear panel of the amplifier.
Fan: Use a fan with 1.5 m3/min or more maximum wind and 5 mmH2O or more maximum static pressure.
Mounting: Install the fan kit on the top slot or the top panel of the rack and install a blanking panel between two
amps.
XH150
.5
ø4
4-
71.5±0.1
248
Blanking panel
5
6.
x
88
5
C1
478
76.2
78
Fan kit
71.5±0.1
Example of mounting
The figure on the left below shows an example of a fan kit (panels and two fans) on the top slot of the rack. The fans
are Minebia 3115PS-12T-B30 (with 0.9 m3/min maximum wind and 5 mmH2O maximum static pressure).
The figure on the right below is a dimensional diagram of a panel on which two 3115PS-12T-B30 are installed.
11
4-
463
480
XH150
Unit: mm
Blanking panel
XH150
9
Specifications
■ General Specifications
Power Output Level (Rated Power)
20 Hz~20 kHz, THD+N= 0.1%
Power Bandwidth
150 W + 150 W
RL= 64Ω/100 V, RL= 32Ω/70 V
Half Power
10 Hz~40 kHz (THD+N= 0.1%)
Total Harmonic Distortion (THD+N)
20 Hz~20 kHz, Half Power
0.1%
Frequency Response
+0.5, –1 dB
Intermodulation distortion (IMD)
60 Hz:7 kHz, 4:1, Half Power
0.1%
Channel Separation
Residual Noise
Half Power
Vol. max., input 600Ω shunt
Vol. min.
12.7 kHz LPF
f= 20 Hz~50 kHz
≥65 dB, 20 Hz~20 kHz
≤ –65 dB
SN Ratio
100 dB
Slew Rate
±35 V/µs
Sensitivity (Vol. max.) Rated Power
+4 dBu/100 V, +1 dBu/70 V
Voltage Gain (Vol. max.)
38.2 dB
Input Impedance
30 kΩ/Balanced, 15 kΩ/Unbalanced
Controls
Front Panel
Rear Panel
POWER switch (ON/OFF)
Volume (31 position)x 2
Mode switch (100 V/70 V)
Filter switch
LOW CUTx 2 (–12 dB/oct.)
HIGH CUTx 2 (–6 dB/oct.)
Connectors
Input
Output
Barrier strip terminal
XLR-3-31 type
Barrier strip terminal
POWER
PROTECTION
CLIP
SIGNAL
Green
x 2 (Red)
x 2 (Red)
x 2 (Green)
Indicators
Protection Circuits
POWER switch ON muting, DC detection,
Temp. detection (heatsink temp. ≥ 90°C)
Fan Speed
Low/~50°C, Variable/50~70°C, High/70°C~
PC limiter
RL ≤ 16Ω
Power Requirements
US & Canada
Europe
Other
Power Consumption
Idling
1/8 output power, 32Ω
Maximum output, 32Ω
120 V, 60 Hz
230 V, 50 Hz
240 V, 50 Hz
350 W/450 VA
45 W
350 W
850 W
Dimensions (W x H x D)
480 x 132 x 319 mm
Weight
16 kg
0 dB=0.775 Vrms, Half Power=1/2 Power Output Level (Rated Power)
Specifications subject to change without notice.
For European Model
Purchaser/User Information specified in EN55103-1 and EN55103-2.
Inrush Current: 20A
Conformed Environment: E1, E2, E3 and E4
10
■ Block Diagram
INV
INPUT
CHANNEL A
BA
HPF
SIGNAL
CLIP
LPF
CHANNEL A
80Hz
40Hz
OFF
+
CHANNEL A
–
10kHz
5kHz
OFF
LOW CUT
G
–
100V
OUTPUT
VOLTAGE
+
–
SPEAKERS
SIGNAL
CLIP
+
Protector
CHANNEL B
–
G
INPUT
CHANNEL B
+
Amp
HIGH CUT
INPUT
CHANNEL B
CHANNEL A
PROTECTION
70V
BA
LPF
HPF
CHANNEL B
80Hz
40Hz
OFF
LOW CUT
10kHz
5kHz
OFF
INV
HIGH CUT
D:319
■ Dimensions
H:132
W:480
Unit: mm
11
Troubleshooting
The following table lists the main causes of abnormal operation and the corrective measures required, as well as the
protective circuit operation in each case.
Indicator
Probable Cause
Protection Circuit
There is a short at a
speaker terminal,
amplifier terminal, or
wire.
Locate and correst the
cause of the short.
The amplifier load is
excessive.
Set the speaker impedance to 32Ω or higher
with the OUTPUT VOLTAGE switch set to 70 V,
or to 64Ω or higher with
the OUTPUT VOLTAGE
switch set to 100 V.
The heat sink
temperature has
exceeded 90°C.
Check the amplifier
ventilation conditions
and take appropriate
measures to improve
airflow around the
amplifier.
The thermal protection
circuit operates to
protect the power
transistors.
A DC voltage of ±2 V
or greater was
generated in the power
amplifier’s output
circuit.
Consult your dealer or
nearest Yamaha
service center.
The relay operates to
protect the speaker
system.
CLIP indicator lights.
PROTECTION
indicator lights.
12
Remedy
The PC limiter circuit
operates to protect the
power transistors.
YAMAHA CORPORATION
V294640 R2 1 IP 16
NP Printed in Taiwan
Pro Audio Division, #18/3
P.O. Box 3, Hamamatsu, 430-8651, Japan