Airstream INTERNATIONAL CCD Specifications

OWNERS
AIRSTREAM MANUAL
INTERNATIONAL
CCD
A TRAILERING GUIDE
INTRODUCTION
2006 MODEL
The Owners Manual for your new Airstream trailer is designed to respond to the most
frequent inquiries regarding the operation, function and care of the many systems that
make modern trailering a joy.
Airstream realizes our customers possess varying degrees of expertise in the area of
repairing and maintaining the appliances in their trailer. For this reason, the service
and trouble-shooting information found in this manual is directed toward those with
average mechanical skills. We also realize you may be more familiar in one area than
you are in another. Only you know your capabilities and limitations.
We want you to use this manual, and hope you will find the information contained in it
useful, however, should you ever feel you may be “getting in over your head” please
see your dealer to have the repairs made.
A brief explanation of the operation of the appliances such as refrigerator, furnace,
water heater and others are explained in this manual. However, you will also find the
manufacturer’s information supplied in a packet included with this manual.
All information, illustrations and specifications contained in the literature are based on
the latest product information available at the time of publication approval.
Throughout this manual CAUTION and
WARNING notations are used.
Failure to observe CAUTION can damage equipment.
WARNING notes the possibility of personal and/or fatal injury if not observed.
Note: If and when new materials and production techniques are developed which
can improve the quality of its product, or material substitutions are necessary due to
availability, Airstream reserves the right to make such changes.
© Airstream, Inc. 2006
TABLE OF CONTENTS
A. WARRANTY AND SERVICE
D. EXTERIOR
G. ELECTRICAL
Warranty
Cleaning
12-volt Operation
Warranty Explanation
Chassis
Battery
Service
Windows & Screens
Converter
Reporting Safety Defects
Power Jack
TV Antenna
Maintenance Schedule
Tires
Satellite Antenna
Maintenance Parts & Supplies
Axle and Running Gear
Solar Panel
Electric Brakes
Bathroom Exhaust
Monitor Panel
B. TOWING
E. INTERIOR FURNISHINGS
110-Volt System & Components
AND ACCESSORIES
H. APPLIANCES
Tow Vehicles
Brakes
Fabric Care
Loading
Flooring & Fixtures
Air Conditioner
Weighing your Trailer
Features & Switches
Furnace
Hitching Up
Storage Areas
Range/Oven
Towing Tips
Smoke Alarm
Refrigerator
Pre-Travel Check List
LP Gas Detector
Water Heater
Fire Extinguisher
Roof Vent, High Volume
I. SPECIFICATIONS
C. CAMPING
F. PLUMBING
Camping Safety
Overnight Stop
LP (Liquid Petroleum) Gas
Extended Stay
Water
Leveling & Stabilizing
Water Pump
Hook Ups
Drainage
Winter Traveling
Winterizing
Prolonged Occupancy
Drain and Waste
Condensation
Toilet
WARRANTY AND SERVICE
A
WARRANTY COVERAGE
LIMITATION OF IMPLIED WARRANTIES
When you buy a new Airstream Travel Trailer from an authorized Airstream dealer,
All warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose, whether written or
Airstream, Inc., warrants the trailer from defects in material and workmanship
oral, expressed or implied, shall extend only for a period of two years from the date of
as follows:
original purchase. There are no other warranties, which extend beyond those described
on the face hereof and which expressly excludes conditions resulting from normal wear,
BASIC WARRANTY PERIOD
accident, abuse, exposure or overload. Some states do not allow limitation on how
long an implied warranty lasts, so the above limitations may not apply to you.
This warranty extends for a period of two years from the date of original retail purchase.
AIRSTREAM’S RESPONSIBILITY
ITEMS COVERED
The basic Airstream Limited Warranty applies for a period of two years from the date
Any part of the trailer or any component equipment installed by the factory is covered
of original purchase, and the application date of all warranties is that indicated on the
by the basic warranty except the following items, which are not covered:
owner’s Limited Warranty. Defects in items covered under this Warranty will be corrected without cost upon the return, at the owner’s expense, of the trailer or defective
•
Tires
•
Batteries
part to an authorized Airstream dealer.
The tire and battery warranties will be handled by their respective service points and
according to their written policy. This limited warranty does not include failure caused
by accident, abuse, normal wear, overload or any cause not attributable to a defect
in original material or workmanship of the trailer or component equipment as installed
by the factory.
A-1
WARRANTY AND SERVICE
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
IF REPAIRS ARE NEEDED
This warranty covers only defective material and/or workmanship; adjustments are
If your trailer needs repairs under the terms of the basic Airstream Limited Warranty,
made at the factory prior to shipment, and rechecked by the dealer prior to delivery to
you should:
the customer. Adjustments thereafter become a customer responsibility.
1. Take your trailer to your selling dealer or other Authorized Airstream Dealer.
Each Airstream exterior (not including the underside) is clear coated to prevent oxidation. This application is covered by a two-year warranty against peeling. Prolonged
2. If the dealer is incapable of making the repair, request that he contact the Service
exposure to salt air or industrial fall-out will permit penetration through the coating
Administration Department at Airstream, Inc., for technical assistance.
material, causing damage to the exterior finish. Since Airstream, Inc., has no control
over these conditions, it is necessary for the owner to wash and maintain their trailer
3. If repairs are still not made, the customer should contact:
as instructed in the Owner’s Manual.
AIRSTREAM, INC.
The owner is also responsible for following all recommendations, instructions and pre-
419 W. Pike Street - P.O. Box 629
cautions contained in the Airstream Trailer Owner’s Manual and the individual manuals
Jackson Center, Ohio 45334-0629
furnished by the chassis, appliance and other manufacturers.
Attention: Owner Relations Department
INSTALLATIONS NOT COVERED
Furnish the following information:
Airstream, Inc., does not accept any responsibility in connection with any of its trailers
•
The complete serial number of the trailer
for additional equipment or accessories installed at any dealership or other place of
•
Mileage
business, or by any other party. Such installation of equipment or accessories by any
•
Date of original purchase
other party will not be covered by the terms of this warranty.
•
Selling dealer
•
Nature of service problem and steps or service, which have been performed.
(The owner may be directed to another dealer at the owner's expense.)
4. If, after taking the above steps, repairs are still not complete, the Airstream owner may
request the trailer be brought to the Factory Service Center at the owner’s expense.
A-2
A
WARRANTY AND SERVICE
A
DEALER REPRESENTATION EXCLUDED
WARRANTY TRANSFER
The full extent of the basic Airstream Limited Warranty is set forth in detail in the
The basic Airstream Limited Warranty is transferable to subsequent owners for the
folder, and in the explanation of the basic Airstream Limited Warranty covered in the
duration of the warranty period. Warranty transfer application forms are available from
Airstream Trailer Owner’s Manual. Airstream Inc. will not be responsible for additional
your dealer or the Airstream Inc. Service Administration Department.
representations or implied warranties made by any of its dealers to the extent those
CHANGES IN DESIGN
representations are not a part of, or are contrary to, the terms and conditions of the
basic Airstream Limited Warranty.
Airstream Inc. reserves the right to make changes in design and improvements upon
CONSEQUENTIAL AND INCIDENTAL DAMAGES
its product without imposing my obligation upon itself to install the same upon its
products theretofore manufactured.
Airstream, Inc., will not be responsible for any consequential or incidental expenses or damages resulting from a defect. Incidental expenses include, but
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights,
are not limited to: travel expenses, gasoline, oil, lodging, meals, telephone tolls,
which vary from state to state.
and loss of work and loss of use of the trailer. Some examples of consequential damages would be: stained curtains due to rain leaks or delaminated floor
caused by a plumbing leak. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation
of incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitation or exclusion may
not apply to you.
A-3
WARRANTY AND SERVICE
EXPLANATION OF AIRSTREAM LIMITED WARRANTY
of this nature, although they may be normal for the area, are beyond Airstream’s control
and become the responsibility of the owner.
The Airstream Limited Warranty is detailed in a separate folder. It is filled out by the
dealer and presented to the owner during delivery of a new unit. The Limited Warranty
It is the responsibility of the owner to take such preventative measures as are neces-
must be presented to a dealer to obtain warranty service. It should be kept in the trailer
sary to maintain the exterior caulking and sealer of your unit. It is the responsibility of
during the warranty period.
the owner to use reasonable, prudent care to prevent foreseeable secondary damage
from rain, plumbing leaks, and the natural accumulation of moisture in your unit, such
EXCLUSIONS:
as a delaminated floor; stained upholstery, carpeting, or drapes; mold formation and
growth; furniture damage, etc. Mold is a natural growth given certain environmental
Normal Wear
conditions and is not covered by the terms of the Limited Warranty.
Items such as tires, water purifier packs, curtains, upholstery, floor coverings, window,
Overload
door and vent seals will show wear or may even wear out within the two year warranty
period depending upon the amount of usage, weather, and atmospheric conditions.
Damage due to loading, either beyond capacity or to cause improper towing because of improper balance, is beyond Airstream’s responsibility. The Airstream trailer
Accident
is engineered to properly handle the gross vehicle load rating on the certification
We strongly urge our dealers and customers to inspect the trailer upon receipt of
label. Load distribution has a definite effect upon the towing characteristics and
delivery for any damage caused by accident while being delivered to the dealer, or
attitudes of the trailer. Level hitch installations are a necessity, and very important
while it is on the dealer’s lot. Damage of this nature becomes the dealer or customer’s
on a tandem axle trailer. There are limits to the amount of load that can be safely
responsibility upon acceptance of delivery, unless Airstream is notified and the person
transported depending upon speed and road conditions, and reasonable cause to
making the delivery verifies the damage. Glass breakage, whether obviously struck or
believe these factors have been exceeded could void the Airstream warranty. For
mysterious, is always accidental and covered by most insurance policies.
additional information on the loading of your trailer, consult your Owner’s Manual or
gross vehicle weight rating plate.
Abuse
Lack of customer care and/or improper maintenance will result in early failure for which
The Airstream axle is manufactured to a tolerance of 1-degree camber and 1/8” toe-in.
Airstream cannot be held responsible.
These tolerances will only change if the trailer is subjected to abuse, such as dropping
off a sharp berm, striking a curb, or hitting a deep hole in the road. Such damage could
Exposure
be considered as resulting from an accident which risks are not covered under the
Not unlike a car, the steel parts of a trailer can and will rust if subjected to prolonged
warranty. Abnormal tire wear and/or wheel alignment resulting from such damage is
exposure to moisture, salt air, or corrosive air-borne pollutants without repainting.
not covered under the terms of the warranty.
Aluminum oxidizes when unprotected under similar conditions, and refinery chemicals
of a sulfurous nature are harmful to finishes if not washed off periodically. Extremely hot
or direct sunlight will deteriorate rubber and fade curtains and upholstery. Conditions
A-4
A
WARRANTY AND SERVICE
A
SERVICE:
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
The Airstream Silver Key Delivery Program is an exclusive Airstream program. Before
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect, which could cause a crash or could cause
leaving the factory, each and every vital part of the trailer is tested for performance.
injury or death, you should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety
Each test is signed and certified by an inspector. After the trailer arrives on your dealer’s
Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying Airstream, Inc.
lot all of these vital parts and systems are again tested. When you take delivery of your
new trailer you will receive a complete check out.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a
safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign.
Silver Key Delivery does not stop here. At that time a specified list of performance
However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems between you, your
checks on your trailer equipment will be conducted and any deficiencies you have
dealer, or Airstream, Inc.
experienced since taking delivery will be corrected.
To contact NHTSA you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free at 1-800-327Please contact your dealer if you need service. Major service under your Airstream
4236 (TTY 1-800-424-9153) or write to: NHTSA, 400Seventh ST, S.W., Washington,
Limited Warranty is available through our nationwide network of Airstream Dealer
D.C. 20590.
Service Centers. An up-to-date list of Dealer Service Centers has been provided with
You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from the Hotline or
your new trailer. This list is current as of the date of this publication.
view the NHTSA Website: www.safecar.gov
Occasionally dealerships change, or new dealers are added who may not appear on
this list. For this reason, it is suggested that you contact your local dealer from time
to time and bring your list up to date. He can also provide you with additional copies
if you need them. ALL CENTERS OPERATE ON AN APPOINTMENT BASIS FOR THE
UTMOST EFFICIENCY.
When you require service from the Airstream Factory Service Center, or a Certified
Dealer Service Center, please contact the service manager for an appointment, and
kindly inform him if you are unable to keep the appointment date or wish to change
it. Service may be arranged at the Factory Service Center by contacting the Service
Coordinator at: Airstream Factory Service Center, P.O. Box 629, 419 W. Pike Street,
Jackson Center, Ohio 45334-0629 Phone: 937-596-6111
A-5
WARRANTY AND SERVICE
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
EVERY 5,000 MILES OR 90 DAYS
WARNING: FAILURE TO MAINTAIN YOUR COACH CAN CAUSE
Exterior Door locks
Lubricate with dry graphite
OPERATION THAT MAY BE HAZARDOUS.
Exterior Hinges
Lubricate with light household oil
Note: See appliance manufacturer’s literature for further information
LPG Hold Down
Lubricate with light household oil
EVERY 1,000 MILES OR 60 DAYS
LPG Regulator
Check bottom vent for obstructions
PREMATURE AND UNEXPECTED PARTS BREAKAGE AND/OR ERRATIC
Escape Window
Check operation of latches and upper hinge.
Main Door Striker Pocket
Coat with paraffin.
*Battery
Check water level
Wheel Lug Nuts
Torque aluminum wheels to 110 ft. lbs.
and steel to 95 ft. lbs.
Smoke Alarm
Tires
Test and replace battery as required.
Break Away Switch
Pull pin and lubricate with household oil
7-Way Plug
Spray with contact cleaner.
Hitch Ball Latch
Lubricate with non-detergent motor oil
Hitch Ball
Lubricate with hitch ball lube or wheel
Check tire pressure (See Specifications).
Hitch
Check for loose bolts or unusual wear.
GFI Circuit Breaker
Test and record.
bearing grease.
WARNING: WHEEL SEPARATION CAN OCCUR
Range Exhaust Hood
Clean fan blades and wash filter.
Roof Vent Elevator Screws
Lubricate with light household oil
4. Following excessive braking, inspect wheel lugs
Main Door Step
Lubricate moving parts and check.
Torque aluminum wheels to 110-120 ft. lbs. and steel wheels to 95 ft. lbs.
* As a battery ages and becomes less efficient, the water level should be checked at
1. On first trip, tighten wheel lugs at start and at 10, 25, and 50 miles.
2. Thereafter, check whell lugs before each trip.
3. Following winter storage, check before beginning a trip.
more frequent levels. Checking water level does not apply to Glass Mat Batteries.
A-6
A
WARRANTY AND SERVICE
A
EVERY 10, 000 MILES OR 6 MONTHS
Brakes
EVERY YEAR
Inspect, adjust or replace as nec-
Battery
essary
Wheel Bearings
Clean, neutralize and coat termi
nals with petroleum jelly.
Clean and repack
A-Frame, Step
Wire brush and paint frame at front
and rear.
Tires
Inspect and rotate
LP Bottles
Spare Tire Carrier
Have purged by LP supplier.
Lubricate moving parts.
Seams: Check and reseal exterior seams, windows, lights and vents as needed. Use
Seals, Windows & Door
Clean with mild detergent and coat
Acryl-R seam sealer or equivalent.
with “Slipicone”.
Hitch Coupler and Ball: Check for wear or damage. Assure all parts operate freely.
TV Antenna
Lubricate all moving parts with
Replace any component if worn or damaged.
silicone lubricant.
Exterior
Wax (Do not use an abrasive
cleaner or wax).
Escape Window
Lubricate latches with WD-40.
A-7
WARRANTY AND SERVICE
SUGGESTED MAINTENANCE PARTS AND LUBRICANTS
FUSES
BULBS, EXTERIOR
Radio
ATC 15 Amp
Battery Cable Fuses
SLC 50 Amp
Convenience Light (Dump Valve)
# 53, wedge base
(Canadian approved trailers only)
License Plate, Clearance Lights
# 67
Power Center
20 & 30 amp Automotive fuses
Door Light
# 1141
Battery Disconnect Relay
ATC 5 amp
Tail light
LED
12-VOLT BREAKERS
50 Amp Type 2
Location: just above the floor on
30 Amp Type 2
roadside interior front end.
20 Amp Type 2
BULBS, INTERIOR
Shower, Exterior Compartment
# 1141
Round Ceiling Light
12V-10W
MISCELLANEOUS
To change the bulb in the round ceiling light, first remove the lens assembly. The lens
assembly is spring loaded and pops out of the fixture at its chrome ring. A small screw-
Water Hose Gaskets
Wheel Bearing Grease
Extra Hair Pin Clips for Hitch
Grease Seals
Dry Graphite
WD-40 or
driver may be used, be careful not to scratch the chrome and be sure the bulb is cool
before attempting replacement. The bulb inserts into the ballast by two wire prongs.
Grasp the bulb with a piece of cloth and pull it gently straight out from its ballast. Insert
the new bulb, and replace the lens. The lens assembly has two grooves that must be
aligned to the light fixture before snapping the lens back into place.
Equivalent Aerosol Lubricant
Oil Can with 30 Weight Non-Detergent Oil
Silicone Lubricant
Light Household Type Oil
Spray Contact Cleaner
Hitch Ball Lube (May use wheel bearing grease.)
Exterior Seam Sealer
WARNING: Always replace the light bulb on an interior or exterior light
fixture with the correct bulb for that light. Failure to heed this warning could
cause fire, property damage, personal injury, or death.
A-8
A
WARRANTY AND SERVICE
A
MAINTENANCE RECORD
DATE
DEALER
SERVICE PERFORMED
DATE
A-9
DEALER
SERVICE PERFORMED
TOWING
TOW VEHICLE EQUIPMENT
ELECTRIC BRAKES
If you plan to buy a new vehicle to tow your trailer, we suggest that you include in
The brakes are operated by 12 volt current from your tow vehicle and MUST BE
your purchase the towing options offered by most tow vehicle manufacturers. These
HOOKED UP SO THAT YOU HAVE AN INTEGRAL SYSTEM WITH YOUR TOW
include such things as a heavy-duty alternator and radiator, heavy-duty springs (See
VEHICLE BRAKES. To prevent problems and insure satisfactory braking action, install
Note), shock absorbers, transmission cooler, heavy-duty fan and flasher unit and
an electronic controller in line with the brakes in your tow vehicle.
others, depending upon the make of the vehicle.
An electronic controller installed in your tow vehicle will synchronize the trailer brakes
Transmissions may be manual or automatic, but an automatic transmission may pro-
with your tow vehicle brakes. It is designed to apply the trailer brakes with your tow
long your tow vehicle’s life and generally does a better job of controlling engine loads
vehicle brakes.
than the average driver using a manual shift.
Your brake controller should be adjusted to provide for a slight lead of the trailer brakes
Having adequate power is very important when considering the purchase of a new
over the tow vehicle brakes. Follow the directions provided with your controller and
vehicle or the trailer towing capability of your present one. American manufacturers
keep the information for future reference. Don’t be afraid to ask questions! If you don’t
realize more than 30% of the vehicles they sell will be used for towing some type of
understand the directions, have the installer explain the procedures.
trailer. The dealers are provided with guidelines to use when helping a customer decide
on a tow vehicle. The guidelines are not just determined by the power output of the
Due to normal brake lining wear, the brakes and the controller setting should be
engine. The gear ratio of the differential is also a very important part of the guideline.
checked and readjusted, if necessary, during the trailer manufacturer’s recommended
inspection intervals.
Inspect the vehicle’s hitch regularly for loose bolts or nuts, cracked welds, loose ball
Note: Brake lining adjustment should be periodically checked (fully) to be sure trailer
mounts, and worn parts.
brakes are in the same adjustment as the tow vehicles.
New trailerists often carry more food and other supplies than really needed. Remember
that every item you take along is one more thing to stow and adds weight to the total
Properly set adjustments will provide for safe comfortable stops. They will also
load you must pull. Consolidate items in shelves, lockers, and in the refrigerator. It is
help assure optimum brake and tire life for both the tow vehicle and the trailer.
better to have one full and one empty locker, than two half empty ones. Special care
must be taken not to overload the front and rear ends of the trailer.
NOTE: Be realistic when ordering heavy duty springs. Only springs heavy enough to
support your loaded vehicle (not including trailer) are necessary. Too harsh of spring
rate will only shorten the life of the tow vehicle and trailer, and will make your journeys
less enjoyable.
B-1
B
TOWING
IN THE EVENT OF AN ACCIDENTAL SEPARATION of the tow vehicle and the trailer,
the BREAK-AWAY SWITCH will set and lock the trailer brakes for a sufficient length
B
of time to stop the trailer. The switch is activated when the wire attached to it and to
the tow vehicle pulls out the small pin in the front of the unit. THIS PIN SHOULD BE
PULLED OUT, LUBRICATED WITH LIGHT HOUSEHOLD OIL, AND REPLACED EVERY
90 DAYS.
To prevent corrosion within the breakaway switch, pull the switch’s pin straight forward
and spray the inside of the switch through the hole with an electric contact cleaner
(such as Spra-Kleen) and re-insert pin. A drop of light household oil on the groove
near the base of the pin will allow the pin to operate freely. WHEN THE TRAILER IS
CONNECTED TO THE TOW VEHICLE, THE BREAKAWAY SWITCH LOOP SHOULD
BE ATTACHED TO THE PERMANENT FRAME OF YOUR HITCH. When disconnecting
the trailer from the tow vehicle remove wire loop from the frame. DO NOT REMOVE
PIN FROM SWITCH BECAUSE THIS WILL APPLY THE TRAILER BRAKES.
WARNING: Do not use breakaway switch for parking brake.
7-way Plug Diagram
B-2
TOWING
LOADING
WARNING: Never add items such as generators, heavy toolboxes or
Below is a sample of the weight information chart provided in all Airstream vehicles.
motorcycle racks to the back of the trailer. Weight behind the axle will tend to
This information can be found inside the wardrobe of the vehicle about 60” up from
magnify any sway that may occur when passing trucks or in gusty wind. If a
the floor on the side panel.
heavy generator is mounted on the rear bumper what may have been an almost
unnoticeable sway turns into a severe sway you may not he able to control.
CAUTION: Damage to your trailer caused by mounting heavy objects on the
rear is considered abuse, and is not covered by warranty.
Bumper Mounted Receiver
Your trailer may have a bumper mounted receiver. This receiver is designed for after
market bicycle racks and cargo carriers using a 2” receiver. It has a 100 pound
maximum rating. This maximum rating applies to the rack/platform and the items they
hold.
WARNING: Never exceed the 100 lbs. rating on the bumper mounted
receiver. Do not use the receiver for towing. Overloading behind the axle will
tend to magnify any sway that may occur when passing trucks or in gusty wind.
Overloading behind the axle and weight mounted on the rear bumper over the
100 lbs. maximum may turn what may have been an almost unnoticeable sway
into a severe sway you may not he able to control and could cause structural
See specification section in this manual for definition and weight pertaining to
damage to your trailer.
this label.
B-3
B
TOWING
WEIGHING YOUR TRAILER
line with the trailer hitch jack as shown. It should be
so spaced that a short piece of pipe or other round
B
The diagram below shows how to weigh the trailer
piece will lay exactly one foot from the centerline of
on scales.
the jack extension. Place the scales so that another
round piece can be exactly two feet from the centerline of the jack extension in the other direction.
Place a 4 x 4 on the two round pieces and screw
the jack extension down on the top of the 4 x 4 until
the tongue of the trailer is supported by it. Multiply
the scale reading by three. This will be the tongue
weight of your trailer. If you exceed the capacity of
the bathroom scales, increase the two-foot dimension to three or four more feet, but always multiply
When loading heavy objects such as tools, skillets,
cargo must be redistributed forward in order to place
the scale reading by the total number of feet between
irons, and boxes of canned goods, etc. keep them as
some of this weight on the tongue.
the wood and scales.
low as possible - preferably on the floor. Try to hold
additional weight behind the axle to a minimum.
The tongue weight should be in between 10% - 15%
of the trailer’s total weight, but must not exceed the
CAUTION: The allowable personal cargo must
manufacturer’s maximum recommended hitch weight
be distributed in your trailer in such a manner that
of the tow vehicle or hitch. To determine tongue load,
the Gross Axle Weight Rating is not exceeded.
unhitch tow vehicle and place the tongue hitch post
on a scale. The trailer must be properly loaded as de-
To determine this, it is necessary to load all of your
termined above, with your allowable personal cargo
allowable personal cargo and variable weights.
and variable weights.
Then hitch the trailer to the tow vehicle with load
equalizing hitch properly adjusted as shown on the
Used a scale, such as a bathroom scale, that has a
following pages.
lower weight limit than your tongue load to check
the tongue weight by using the following method
Place the trailer on a scale with both axles only on the
(see illustration).
scale (see 2). If the weight on the axles exceeds the
axle system G.A.W.R. then some of the personal
Place a piece of wood of approximately the same
thickness as the bathroom scales on the ground in
B-4
Note: Be sure trailer is level when you read scales.
TOWING
HITCHING UP
Percentage of Tongue Load
Sway Control Device
distributed to car and or trailer wheels
Hitching up your trailer is something that will become
Although Airstream has not intruded into the hitch
almost second nature with practice. The following
manufacturers field of expertise and preformed formal
section includes proper hitch load distribution and a
testing, we find the vast majority of Airstream owners
procedure for hitching up.
purchases sway-control devices.
Equalizing Hitch Load Distribution
When passed by large trucks or when exposed to
sudden crosswinds the trailer will be “pushed” and this
When a trailer is hitched up properly to a tow vehicle
action will be felt in the tow vehicle. It’s our understand-
with a load equalizing hitch, approximately 1/3 of the
ing the sway control devices will reduce the amount
trailer’s tongue weight will be on the trailer’s axles and
of movement and make towing more comfortable and
2/3 will be transferred to the tow vehicle, 1/3 of this
add some safety.
weight transfer will be carried by the front wheels and
1/3 by the rear wheels of the tow vehicle (See diagram),
Follow the directions of the sway control manufacturer
Thus, the tire load of each wheel on the tow vehicle will
when having it installed and using it.
be increased by 1/6 of the trailer’s tongue weight. The
tire air pressure of the tow vehicle should be increased
to compensate for this additional weight. Refer to the
vehicle’s owner’s manual for this information.
WARNING: The tongue weight should
he approximately 10% to 14% of the trailer’s total
weight. Under no condition should it exceed the
hitch rating. Your hitch installer should provide your
hitch rating information to you.
B-5
B
TOWING
Steps for Hitching Up
B
Jack up the trailer hitch until there is clearance for the
HITCH BALL to slide under. Remove the safety pin,
slide the locking lever forward and raise. Back the tow
vehicle straight back to the hitch. (See Fig. 2). This can
best be accomplished through the use of prearranged
hand signals with the help of another person; but if you
are hitching up by yourself we recommend the use of a
HOOK-UP VIEW MIRROR.
Lower the trailer hitch onto the hitch ball. Then close
the locking lever and insert safety pin. (See Fig. 3)
A low hitch ball increases tail wagging tendenNow raise the trailer and tow vehicle to the full height
cies by lowering the nose of the trailer, thus
of the hitch jack (See Fig. 8) and then attach the
changing the center of support for the trailer
LEVELING BARS. (See Fig. 4 & 5) and lever the tension
and reducing the weight on the four wheels of
on the bars (see figure 6). Lower the tow vehicle and
the tow vehicle. With proper hitch installation
trailer (See Fig. 8).
and hitching up, the bar should have a noticeable amount of the deflection or bending. A
The hitch ball should be level to slightly higher. Readjust
little practice with your rig will teach you how
leveling bars until this condition is correct by increasing
far to pull the bar; you may wish to mark the
or decreasing the length the chain engaged in “A” frame
chain links that match your rig.
saddle bracket (Figure 5). Short chain raises hitch ball,
longer chain lowers it. A level condition will result in
Always choose level ground for checking cor-
the best balance for towing and steering control as the
rect hookup.
weight-equalizing hitch distributes the hitch load.
B-6
TOWING
Note: Leveling the trailer end to end, then measuring from the ground to the inside top
of the ball socket determines hitch ball height for the tow vehicle
Attach the safety chains (see figure 7) to the welded portion of the hitch or tow
vehicle’s frame, but never to the removable ball mount. Cross the safety chains under
the hitch.
Remove the jack pad and stow in the tow vehicle’s trunk along with the leveling
jack and other gear used when stopped.
CAUTION; Check that the foldaway step is up and LOCKED in its store position and that the main door is completely closed and the deadbolt LOCKED for
towing. If they are not locked the constant vibration of travel may cause them to
open with possible damage.
CAUTION; Retract the hitch jack completely for maximum ground clearance.
NEVER TOW YOUR TRAILER WITH THE JACK DOWN.
Move the rig ahead about 50 feet and test the trailer brakes, then check the ground
for forgotten objects. Regularly check the condition of your tires, air pressure, and the
tightness of your lug nuts.
NOTICE!
CHECK WHEEL LUGS
Note: If you’re tow vehicle is equipped with adjustable load leveling air shocks, you
On first trip, tighten wheel lugs at start and at 10, 25, and 100 miles. Tighten to 95
must load the tow vehicle first with typical luggage and passengers and bring it back
Ft.Lbs.. There after, check wheel lugs before each trip, after excessive braking, and
to level. Then attach the trailer and adjust the load leveling bars. Otherwise the air
following winter storage.
shocks on the tow vehicle will overload the rear wheels. Do not use air shocks to
level tow vehicle and trailer after hitching up.
B-7
B
TOWING
conditioner turned on, turn it off. Pull over in a safe place and put on your emergency
TOWING TIPS
B
brake. Don’t turn off the engine. Increase the engine idle speed. Lift the engine hood
and check for fluid leaks at the radiator overflow outlet. Check to see that all drive
A few hours of towing practice in a large empty supermarket lot will make pulling your
belts are intact and the fan is turning. If you have a problem have it fixed at the next
trailer over the road much easier. Line out two corners for left and right turns. You may
opportunity. If there is no problem, the light should go off or temperature should come
also use these corners to practice backing and parking.
down within one minute. Proceed on the highway a little slower. Ten minutes later
resume normal driving.
After thoroughly inspecting your hitch, brakes, and tires you should be ready to tow.
Check traffic, signal that you are about to pull away, and start slowly. Look often in your
WARNING: Never open a radiator cap when the tow vehicle is hot.
mirrors, and observe the action of the trailer, then carefully move into the proper lane
Check the coolant level when the vehicle is cool. Read your tow vehicles owner’s
of traffic. Remember that the trailer wheels will not follow the path of the tow vehicle
manual and follow all instructions on the cooling system.
wheels; therefore, WIDER TURNS ARE NECESSARY WHEN TURNING TO THE LEFT
OR TO THE RIGHT.
Tracking
We want every owner to be a safe and courteous driver. On a two-lane road cars may
OBSERVE THAT THE TRACKS MADE BY THE TRAILER WHEELS ARE DISTINCTLY
be lining up behind you because you travel at a lower speed. It is both courteous and
DIFFERENT FROM THOSE MADE BY THE TOW VEHICLE. Studying this will make it
sensible to signal, pull onto the shoulder, and let them pass. Your trailer is designed
easier for you to correct mistakes. Truck or trailer type fender or door grip rear view
to be towed easily at any legal speed, so if you are not careful you may be inclined to
mirrors are a must for maximum visibility and in most states the law requires them.
forget it is there.
The BRAKE CONTROLLER is activated when you apply the brakes of the tow vehicle.
Your tow vehicle brakes will automatically apply the trailer brakes first when properly
adjusted. This will help keep your tow vehicle and trailer in a straight line and make you
stop as if you were driving the tow vehicle alone. If swaying or swerving should occur,
briefly operating the controller separate from the vehicle brakes may help correct the
situation. Practice this maneuver on a clear highway. Don’t wait for an emergency then
grope for the controller.
When trailering you might encounter a temporary cooling system overload during
severe conditions such as hot days when pulling on a long grade, when slowing down
after higher speed driving, or driving long idle periods in traffic jams. If the hot indicator
light comes on, or the temperature gauge indicates overheating and you have your air
B-8
TOWING
WARNING: On slippery pavement do not
CAUTION: When driving in mud and sand let the
use engine drag to help slow down as this may
momentum carry the rig through. Apply power
ON FREEWAYS OR EXPRESSWAYS try to pick the
cause the rear wheels of the tow vehicle to skid.
gently and use as little as possible. Stay in the tracks
lane you want and stay in it. Always maintain plenty
On icy pavement drive slowly and if you feel the tow
of the vehicle ahead and keep the tow vehicle in the
of space between you and the car ahead, at least the
vehicle skidding gently apply the trailer brakes only.
highest possible gear. If you get stuck it is best to
length of the tow vehicle plus trailer for every ten miles
This will bring the tow vehicle and trailer back into a
tow out the entire rig together without unhitching.
per hour. Remember that in order to pass another ve-
single line. Chains do not help trailer wheels.
Passing
hicle you will need longer to accelerate. You must also
Despite the best hitch you will notice that whenever
allow for the length of the trailer when returning to the
a large bus or truck overtakes your rig the displaced
right hand lane.
air first pushes the trailer rear slightly to the right and
then affects the front. It may be necessary to steer very
slightly, momentarily, toward the bus or truck to help
compensate for the sway induced by the passing-vehicle. Do not apply the vehicle brakes, as this can tend
to exaggerate the situation. You may find, however,
that briefly applying the trailer brakes with your manual
control will help eliminate sway.
WARNING: When stopping on a hill or
slope, leaving your tow vehicle in gear is not enough
for standstill safety. CHOCK THE TRAILER WHEELS
When going downhill in dry weather, down shift so that
to be double sure. Do not use trailer brakes as park-
engine compression will slow the whole rig down. Take
ing brakes.
dips and depressions in the road slowly and do not
resume normal driving speeds until you are sure that
the trailer wheels are clear of the dip.
B-9
B
TOWING
Backing Up
ALWAYS TRY TO BACK TO YOUR LEFT BECAUSE THE VISIBILITY IS MUCH BETTER.
(See Illustration) When you don’t make it on the first try it is usually much easier to pull
B
In BACKING UP the important thing to remember is to DO
forward to your original position and start over.
EVERYTHING SLOWLY and to correct immediately if you see
the trailer turning the wrong way. Concentrate on the rear of
If your spouse or traveling companion normally directs you when backing they should
the trailer. With your tow vehicle and trailer in a straight line
position themselves forward of the tow vehicle so the driver can easily see them. Their
back up slowly and turn the bottom of the steering wheel in
directions should always indicate to the driver the direction the rear of the trailer should
the direction you want the trailer to go. Watch out the window
go. A little practice in a parking lot with the person giving directions can save a lot of
or in the mirror until the rear of the trailer is pointing in the
frustration when backing into a campsite.
desired direction. Your vehicle will be following the trailer in
an arc. Straighten the tow vehicle and trailer by turning the
steering wheel more sharply, and then when they are in line,
straighten the steering wheel.
B - 10
TOWING
SUGGESTED PRE-TRAVEL CHECK LIST
13.
Interior
Pull forward some 50 ft., test brakes, and check site for forgotten objects
and cleanliness.
1.
Turn off water pump switch.
2.
Check battery water level.
3.
Close windows and vents.
1. On first trip, tighten wheel lugs at start and at 10, 25, and 50 miles.
4,
Lock all interior cabinet doors.
2. Thereafter, check whell lugs before each trip.
5.
Latch refrigerator door. (Seal containers first.)
3. Following winter storage, check before beginning a trip.
6.
Hold down or stack securely all loose, hard and sharp objects.
4. Following excessive braking, inspect wheel lugs
7.
Fasten sliding and foldette doors.
8.
Drain toilet bowl.
Torque aluminum wheels to 110-120 ft. lbs. and steel wheels to 95 ft. lbs.
9.
Turn off interior lights.
Home
10.
Set table in upright position.
11.
Pull up or retract step.
1.
Leave house key with your neighbors
12.
Lower blinds.
2,
Valuables and important papers should be stored in a safe place.
13
Secure and lock main door and deadbolt.
3,
Newspaper, milk and other deliveries should be discontinued.
4,
Ask the Post Office to hold your mail for you.
5.
Arrange with the telephone company for discontinued or
WARNING: WHEEL SEPARATION CAN OCCUR
Exterior
“vacation service”.
1.
Disconnect and stow the electrical hookup cord, the sewer hookup
6.
Arrange care for your pets.
hose (flush out), and the water hookup hose.
7.
Your lawn, garden and houseplants should be cared for.
2.
Turn off gas at LP tanks.
8.
Lock all windows and doors securely. Keep shades open for a lived in look.
3.
Retract stabilizing jacks.
9.
Cover all food to keep out mice and insects.
4.
Check Hitch: It must be properly attached.
10.
Eliminate all fire hazards. Place matches in a tin box or glass jar.
5.
Check safety chains and breakaway switch cable.
11.
Store oil, gasoline, and other flammables properly.
6.
Fully retract jack. Remove and stow jack stand, foot, or wood block.
12.
Destroy all newspapers, magazines and oily rags.
7.
Check clearance, turn signals, and stop lights.
13.
Notify police of your departure and return dates.
8.
Check lug nuts.
9.
Check tires for correct pressure.
10.
Check that TV antenna is properly stowed.
11.
Lock main door deadbolt.
12.
Adjust tow vehicle mirrors.
B - 11
B
TOWING
B
Trailer Equipment and Accessories
Motoring Essentials
1.
Water hose, 5/8 in. high pressure, tasteless, odorless, non-toxic,
1.
Display the tow vehicle and trailer registration properly.
(or two 25 ft. sections).
2.
Carry valid drivers license.
2.
“Y” connection for water hose.
3.
In Mexico you must have special auto insurance.
3.
The sewer hose with clamp.
4.
Carry an extra set of the ignition and truck keys in a separate pocket, or
4.
Drain cap with hose drain.
5.
Holding tank cleaner and deodorizer.
5.
Keep an operating flashlight with fresh batteries in the glove compartment.
6.
Power cord adapter 30-amp capacity.
6.
Pack so that you can reach the tools and spare tire without
7.
50 ft. electric cord, 12-3 wire, 30-ampere capacity.
8.
25 ft. electric cord, 10-3, 30-ampere capacity.
7.
Keep sharp or hard articles securely packed wherever they may be.
9.
Woodblocks for leveling.
8.
Do not packed things in the passenger seating area. You need the
10.
Wheel chocks.
11.
Hydraulic jacks.
9.
WEAR easy wash, drip-dry traveling clothes.
12.
Cross type lug wrench.
10.
Do not make your vacation trips a mileage marathon.
13.
Torque Wrench
14.
Quality tire gauge.
11.
Carry a first-aid kit.
15.
Emergency road warning triangle.
12.
Carry your pet’s dish, food, leash, and health and registration papers.
13.
In Canada you’ll need a non-residence liability insurance card and
in your wallet.
completely unpacking.
maximum space for comfort.
Stop and relax frequently.
Personal
1.
birth certificate.
Tow vehicle insurance to cover you and your family fully along with proof
of insurance.
2.
Try to avoid large amounts of cash. Use Travelers Checks and credit cards.
3.
Confirm reservations.
4.
Have sunglasses, sun block, and bug spray for everyone.
5.
Pack camera and film.
6.
Make a checklist of clothing for everyone, and toilet articles.
7.
Prescribed medications.
8.
Birth certificate, Passport.
9.
Medical insurance cards.
B - 12
TOWING
NOTES
B
B - 13
CAMPING
SAFETY
WARNING: You and all your family should practice escape procedures
Throughout this manual CAUTION and
WARNING notations are used.
so they can be rapidly accomplished even in total darkness. Never block the
interior or exterior access to the emergency escape windows.
Failure to observe CAUTION can damage equipment.
C
WARNING notes
the possibility of personal and/or fatal injury if not observed. As always, safety should
WARNING: Read the directions carefully on the fire extinguisher. If there
be one of your top priorities. Make sure you, and everyone traveling with you is familiar
is any doubt on the operation, you and your family should practice, then replace
with and follows these cautions and warnings.
or recharge the extinguisher. You will find your local fire department or any fire
safety service will be happy to assist you and answer any questions.
ESCAPE WINDOW OPERATION
WARNING: Maintain and check smoke detector per its owner’s manual
recommendations.
Make sure you, and everyone traveling with you can operate the main door and the
emergency exit window(s) rapidly without light. Contemplate other means of escape
WARNING: Always shut off the LP gas when gasoline is added to the
in case the designated exits are blocked. Run frequent emergency drills. The escape
tow vehicle.
windows(s) are identified by red release handles and are opened by lifting up both
latches, then turning the latches toward the center. Push out on the glass and it will
WARNING:
swing clear. The window operation should be checked each trip and the latches
Don’t smoke in bed.
lubricated with WD-40 or equivalent every six months. A loop is provided in the
Keep matches out of reach of small children!
SCREEN RETAINING SPLINE so it can be rapidly removed. Take hold of the loop
Don’t clean with flammable material!
and pull the rubber spline out of the screen frame. The window screen can then be
Keep flammable material away from open flame!
easily pushed out.
We have all heard these warnings many times, but they are still among the leading
WARNING: Learn and practice the escape window operation.
causes of fires.
WARNING: Check the emergency escape route outside your escape
section of this manual.
Other safety information on the LPG system of your trailer is located in the plumbing
window at every stop. At each campsite make sure you have not parked in such
a manner as to block the operation of the escape window by being too close to
trees, fences or other impediments. Scenic views are one reason for traveling,
but don’t park so the beautiful lake or steep cliff is just outside your escape
window. Never park your trailer so the escape windows cannot be easily used
for emergency exits.
C-1
CAMPING
OVERNIGHT STOP
WARNING: Do not parked in a manner that would prevent the escape
Airstream owners have parked virtually every place imaginable from filling stations to
windows from opening.
farmlands. In time you’ll develop a knack for spying wonderful little roadside locations
by turning off the main highway and exploring.
Try to pick as level a parking spot as possible. Stabilizing jacks or blocks probably won’t be required during an overnight stay. However, if you put the jack pad
There are many modern parks including State, County and Federal parks with good
on the hitch jack and run the hitch jack down to take the weight off the tow vehicle’s
facilities where you might obtain electrical, water and sewer hookups. Directories are
springs this will provide some stability. If you must park on a slope, PARK FACING
published which described in detail these parks and tell what is available in the way of
DOWNHILL. It is easier to level the trailer this way.
services and hookups.
All you need to do to enjoy the self-contained luxury of your Airstream is to turn on the
On overnight or weekend trips chances are you will not use up the capacity of the
LP gas and light any appliances with pilots.
sewage holding tank, deplete the water supply or rundown the battery which supplies
the 12 volt current.
Before moving on, check your campsite for both cleanliness and also be sure you
haven’t left anything behind. Turn off the gas supply and make sure everything is
On a longer trip, when you have stayed where sewer connections and utility hookups
properly stowed. Use your PRE-TRAVEL CHECK LIST and you are ready for more
were not available, it will be necessary for you to stop from time to time to dispose of
travel adventure.
the waste in the holding tank and replenish the water supply. Many gas stations (chain
and individually owned) have installed sanitary dumping stations for just this purpose.
Booklets are available which lists these dumping stations.
When stopping for the night, your Airstream is built to be safely parked in any spot that
is relatively level and where the ground is firm. Your facilities are with you. You are
self-contained. Unless the tow vehicle is needed for transportation, it is not necessary
to unhitch.
C-2
C
CAMPING
EXTENDED STAY
C
rear corners as shown in the diagram to eliminate the
correction is necessary then YOU MUST LEVEL FROM
natural spring action of the axles. STABILIZING JACKS
Making a long trip in your Airstream is not very different
SIDE TO SIDE FIRST This can he done easily by back-
should only he used to stabilize trailer.
from making a weekend excursion. Since everything
ing the trailer up one or more 2” x 6” boards. We do not
you need is right at hand, you are at home wherever
recommend placing tires in a hole for leveling.
WARNING: Whenever the trailer must be
lifted with a jack, as when changing a tire or leveling
you go. When packing for an extended trip, take everyLEVEL FROM FRONT TO REAR by disconnecting the
on very rough terrain, ALWAYS PLACE THE LIFTING
hitch from the tow vehicle, putting the jack pad under
JACK UNDER THE MAIN FRAME RAIL. A label is
When you plan to stay in the same place for several
the hitch jack and adjusting the jack up or down until
provided to indicate the proper position for the
days, weeks or months, you will want your trailer to be
you are level. Block or chock the wheels to keep the
jack. NEVER USE STABILIZING JACKS or HITCH
as level and steady as possible. Check the attitude with
trailer from rolling. Use STABILIZING JACKS at the
JACK TO LIFT THE TRAILER.
a small spirit level set on the inside work counter or the
two
thing you need, but only what you need.
trailer hitch “A-Frame”. (See Diagram Below) If a
C-3
CAMPING
CAUTION: Hydrogen gas can be produced in a hot
Hook your SEWER WATER DRAIN HOSE in the SEWER
water system served by this heater that has not been
DISPOSAL FACILITY and attach to the drain outlet in your
Hook up to city water by attaching a ½” minimum high-
used for a long period of time (generally two weeks
trailer.
pressure water hose to the city water service. Be sure
or more). Hydrogen gas is extremely flammable. To
all drain valves and the water heater by-pass valves are
reduce the risk of injury under these conditions, it is
Turn on gas supply. Light the range and oven pilots. Turn
in the normal use position and turn on the city water
recommended that the hot water faucet be opened
on the water heater, refrigerator and furnace.
tap. Open the hot side of the galley or lavatory faucet.
for several minutes at the kitchen sink before using
For some time the open faucet will only sputter. This is
any electrical appliance connected to the hot water
When you stay for an extended period where electric or
because the water heater is being filled and air is being
system. If hydrogen is present there will probably be
water hookups are not available, you must make regular
pushed out through the lines. Once the water heater is full
an unusual sound such as air escaping through the
checks on the charge condition of your 12-volt battery
a steady stream of water will come from the faucet. Now
pipe as the water begins to flow. There should be no
system. Hooking up the tow vehicle/trailer electrical con-
open a cold faucet. It will sputter for a short time, but will
smoking or open flame near the faucet at the time it
nector and running the tow vehicle engine at a fast idle.
soon expel a steady stream. All other faucets can now be
is open.
45 minutes per day should provide about 3-4 hours of
HOOK UPS
opened until all air is expelled.
power. Carry drinking water in a clean bucket to refill your
The Power Cord hook-up is on the roadside of the trailer.
tank. When your waste tank nears capacity move to a
The cord may be stored in the rear exterior compartment.
dumping location.
The power cord is plugged into the trailer receptacle and
the City Power Service.
CAUTION: When operating with city power make very
certain that the service is 110 volt and not 220 volt.
Once the system is filled with water and the faucets
closed, the water system is now ready for use with the
city water feed.
C-4
C
CAMPING
HOOK UPS
The exterior CABLE TV and TELEPHONE hookups
Interior telephone receptacles locations:
are located on the side of the trailer. It is a gray
C
dual inlet with weatherproof spring loaded caps.
16 ft. and 19 ft. models are under the front dinette.
22 ft. model is by the main door and under the desk and bedroom TV stand.
25 ft sleep six is under the dinette.
Interior TV hook-up locations:
28 ft. Model is under the galley dinette and beside the front lounge.
16 ft. model has one under the front dinette and the booster is on the curbside bedroom wall.
Satellite TV hook-up locations:
19 ft. model is on bedroom curbside wall
16 ft. N/A
22 ft. model is under the desk and bedroom TV stand.
19 ft model is on the curbside bedroom wall.
25 ft. sleep six outlet locations are inside the dinette roof locker, under the dinette, and
above the bed on the curbside wall.
22 ft. model is located under the desk and bedroom TV stand.
28 ft. model is under the dinette, above the rear dinette seat back on the curbside wall,
25 ft. sleep six is under the dinette table.
and a bedroom outlet is located on the roadside wall.
28 ft. model is under the galley dinette.
C-5
CAMPING
CABLE/SATELLITE TV WIRING
SATELLITE ANTENNA WIRING
If you compare the two drawings above you’ll see wiring for a satellite
dish antenna is relatively simple.
Units have a faceplate with two coax cable hook-ups. The faceplate has
a small coax cable jumper running between the hook-ups to complete
the cable TV circuit when in use. To install a satellite system use the
following procedure:
1. Remove the jumper wire from the coax faceplate.
2. Hook a portable dish into the Cable TV receptacle in the roadside rear
underbelly compartment. This feeds the dish signal to the input side of
the faceplate.
3. Install the satellite receiver input and output into the dual coax
faceplate.
To return to a cable TV system, remove the satellite receiver from the
faceplate and reinstall the jumper cable.
C-6
C
CAMPING
WINTER TRAVELING
Some states do not allow LPG to be turned on while moving. While traveling in these
states you must use your common sense. How cold is it? How long will it be before you
Traveling in sub-freezing temperatures will require certain precautions to protect the
can turn the heat back on? Is the temperature dropping or raising? Remember, when
plumbing system and your personal belongings from being damaged by freezing.
towing at 50 MPH the wind chill factor will cause the interior of the trailer to cool much
faster than a trailer that is parked.
C
Whenever possible the heat should kept on a constant temperature. It is easier for the
furnace to keep a constant room temperature than for the trailer temperature to be
When parked in sub-freezing temperatures make sure you keep a full supply of LP
allowed to drop 50 degrees Fahrenheit then attempt to raise it to a comfortable level.
gas and plug into a 110 volt power source whenever possible. A fully charged battery
will not last more than 8 to 10 hours if the furnace is running almost constantly and
The furnace supplies heat to the water lines and tanks on all models except the 22
110-volt power is not available.
ft. It has 12-V heat pads for the tanks. These pads are individually switched with the
switch located next to the monitor panel. This feature allows the saving of battery
Leave cabinet doors, wardrobes and bed doors partially open to allow warm air to
power in a dry camping situation. To conserve battery power, RV antifreeze may used
circulate around plumbing lines and fixtures. Insulate and/or wrap your exterior water
to protect the gray and black tank. Battery power will last about 3 hours using all three
lines with heat tape.
heat pads.
Heat must be maintained inside your trailer to prevent the water lines and tanks from
freezing. The exterior city water hose must be protected from freezing with heat tape.
CAUTION: If at any time the exterior temperature makes it difficult to maintain
temperature inside your trailer above the freezing mark all winterizing procedures should be performed immediately. Freezing of liquid and solid wastes in
the holding tanks could damage equipment.
WARNING: Always shut off the LP gas and be sure all flames are extinguished before gasoline is added to the tow vehicle.
C-7
CAMPING
EFFECTS OF PROLONGED OCCUPANCY
TIPS TO CONTROLLING CONDENSATION
Your trailer was designed primarily for recreational use and short-term occupancy.
Allow excess moisture to escape to the outside when bathing, washing dishes, hair
If you expect to occupy the trailer for an extended period, be prepared to deal with
drying, laundering, and using appliances and non-vented gas burners.
condensation and the humid conditions that may be encountered. The relatively small
Always use the vent hood when cooking.
volume and tight compact construction of modern recreation vehicles mean that the
normal living activities of even a few occupants will lead to rapid moisture saturation
of the air contained in the trailer and the appearance of visible moisture, especially in
Keep the bathroom door closed and the vent or window open when bathing and for a
cold weather.
period of time after you have finished.
Just as moisture collects on the outside of a glass of cold water during humid weather,
Do not hang wet clothes in the trailer to dry.
moisture can condense on the inside surfaces of the trailer during cold weather when
relative humidity of the interior air is high. This condition is increased because the
In hot weather, start the air conditioner early as it removes excess humidity from the air
insulated walls of a recreation vehicle are much thinner than house walls. Estimates
while lowering the temperature.
indicate that a family of four can vaporize up to three gallons of water daily through
breathing, cooking, bathing, and washing. Unless the water vapor is carried outside
Keep the temperature as reasonably cool during cold weather as possible. The warmer
by ventilation, or condensed by a dehumidifier, it will condense on the inside of the
the vehicle, the more cold exterior temperatures and warm interior temperatures will
windows and walls as moisture, or in cold weather as frost or ice. It may also con-
collide on wall surfaces, thus creating condensation.
dense out of sight within the walls or the ceiling where it will manifest itself as warped
or stained panels. Appearance of these conditions may indicate a serious condensa-
Use a fan to keep air circulating inside the vehicle so condensation and mildew cannot
tion problem. When you recognize the signs of excessive moisture and condensation
form in dead air spaces. Allow air to circulate inside closets and cabinets (leave doors
in the trailer action should be taken to minimize their effects. For tips on controlling
partially open). Please keep in mind that a closed cabinet full of stored goods prevents
condensation see the “Tips To Controlling Condensation” section.
circulation and allows the exterior temperature to cause condensation.
Note: Your trailer is not designed, nor intended, for permanent housing. Use of this
The natural tendency would be to close the vehicle tightly during cold weather. This
product for long term or permanent occupancy may lead to premature deterioration
will actually compound the problem. Simply put, you need to remove some of the
of structure, interior finishes, fabrics, carpeting, and drapes. Damage or deterioration
warm air, and allow some cool outside air to get inside the vehicle, so the furnace will
due to long-term occupancy may not be considered normal, and may under the terms
not recycle the humid interior air.
of the warranty constitute misuse, abuse, or
Use fluorescent ceiling lights and minimize prolonged use of incandescent lights, which
produce heat and contribute to condensation in the roof above the ceiling lights.
C-8
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CAMPING
ABOUT MOLDS
What are molds?
C
Molds are microscopic organisms that naturally occur in virtually every environment,
Frequent use of your RV or cleaning regularly is an important preventive measure.
indoors and out. Outdoors, mold growth is important in the decomposition of plants.
Further, any spills should be wiped up quickly and dried as soon as possible. Avoid
Indoors, mold growth is unfavorable. Left unchecked, molds break down natural ma-
leaving damp items lying about. On safe surfaces, use mold or mildew killing cleaning
terials, such as wood products and fabrics. Knowing the potential risks is important
products. Check sealants regularly, and reseal when necessary to avoid water leaks.
for any type of homeowner to protect their investment.
Proper preventive maintenance to the RV and its accessories, as described both in this
manual and in accompanying literature, will provide the best protection to the RV.
What factors contribute to mold growth?
For more information of controlling moisture in the RV, please read, “Tips to Controlling
For mold growth to occur, temperatures, indoor or outdoors, must be between 40
Condensation,” located in this manual.
degrees and 100 degrees Fahrenheit and also have a source of moisture, such as
humidity, standing water, damp materials, etc. Indoors, the most rapid growth occurs
*If using a dehumidifier, please read and follow all manufacturer instructions and rec-
with warm and humid conditions.
ommendations to the use and cleaning of the dehumidifier.
How can mold growth be inhibited?
By controlling relative humidity, the growth of mold and mildew can be inhibited. In
warm climates, use of the air conditioner will reduce the relative humidity. Vents are
located in the bathing and cooking areas and constant use is advised during food
preparation and bathing, even during colder weather. Additionally, opening a window
during these activities will assist in ventilation. In extremely humid conditions, the use
of a dehumidifier can be helpful.*
C-9
CAMPING
NOTES
C
C - 10
EXTERIOR
Cleaning
If a substance is found on the coating that cannot be removed by normal washing procedures, Airstream recommends using DX 330 Acryli-Clean made by PPG Industries.
As a general rule of thumb we recommend the trailer be washed about every four
Follow all directions and warnings on the product container. Acryli-Clean should be
weeks and waxed in the spring and fall. In industrial areas cleaning and waxing should
used by trained personnel only, using the proper equipment under controlled condi-
be done on a more frequent schedule.
tions. Use the Acryli-Clean as sparingly as possible to remove glue, tar, and other
similar substance.
CAUTION: ABRASIVE POLISHES OR CLEANING SOLVENTS SUCH AS
D
AUTOMATIC DISHWASHER OR ACID ETCH CLEANERS ARE TOO STRONG
To keep your trailer looking new, paint the “A’ frame, LPG tanks, and rear frame
AND SHOULD NEVER BE USED. RINSE ALL GRIT FROM SURFACE PRIOR TO
periodically.
WASHING. Use soft rags or wash mitts always moving lengthwise with the trailer.
NEVER rub hard on the coating. Even the softest rag will damage the coating if
It is recommended that the caulking and sealant used in external seams and joints
excessive pressure is applied.
such as end shell segments and around window frames, light bezels, beltline and
rub rail molding, etc. be checked regularly. If this material has dried out and become
ALWAYS CLEAN YOUR TRAILER IN THE SHADE OR ON A CLOUDY DAY WHEN
cracked or checked, or if a portion has fallen out, it should be replaced with fresh
THE ALUMINUM SKIN IS COOL. Oil, grease, dust and dirt may be removed by wash-
material to prevent possible rain leaks. Caulking and sealing material is available from
ing with any mild non-abrasive soap or detergent. Cleaning should be followed by a
your Airstream dealer.
thorough clean water rinse. Drying the unit with a chamois or a soft cloth may prevent
spots and streaks. WHEN WASHING OR POLISHING YOUR TRAILER, ALWAYS WIPE
Precautions should be taken to prevent excessive sealant from getting on the coated
“WITH” THE GRAIN OF THE METAL.
surfaces. Remove excessive sealant before it cures using DX 330 Acryli-Clean made
by PPG Industries as explained above.
After cleaning and drying, a good grade of nonabrasive automotive paste or liquid
wax will increase the life of the finish, especially in coastal areas where the finish is
CAUTION: It may be possible for solvents other than those recommended to ex-
exposed to salt air or in polluted industrial areas. It will also protect the shell from minor
tract materials from sealants that could stain the coated surface or could prove
scratches and make subsequent cleaning easier.
harmful to the sealants; therefore, these possible effects must be considered.
Test a small area first.
It is important to remove sap, gum, resin, asphalt, etc. as soon as possible after they
appear by washing and waxing. Sunlight and time will bake-harden these materials
making them almost impossible to remove without heavy buffing. If asphalt remains on
the trailer after washing, use a small amount of kerosene on a rag and wipe the spots
individually, being careful not to scratch the finish.
D-1
EXTERIOR
Main Door
WARNING: Read and follow all warnings and escape window operation
CAUTION: When towing, the door lock and deadbolt must be secured. If they
in the Camping section under Safety in this manual.
are not locked, the constant vibration of travel may cause the door to open with
possible damage.
Clean your trailer windows the same way you clean the windows in your home. Clean
the seals with a damp cloth or mild detergent every three to six months, taking care
Screen Door
not to use strong solvents, as they will damage the seals. A coat of natural silicone
lubricant applied after the seal has dried will keep it flexible. Spread the lubricant
The screen door secures to the main door by means of a slide bolt type latch. It
evenly with a brush or finger, working it into the surface. This is a good practice for
can be operated independently by releasing the slide bolt and swinging the screen
all rubber seals in your trailer. For replacement of a damaged window contact an
door away from the main door. For easier access to the interior main door handle,
Airstream Service Center.
remember to leave the screen door plastic closeout in the open position when closing
the main door.
Your PLASTIC SCREENS are easy to maintain. Clean occasionally with a damp cloth.
Note: They will melt at the point of contact if touched by a cigarette.
Step
Awnings
To operate the step, lift up and pull the step towards you, then lower the step down
into position.
Complete instructions have been provided with your awning. You should make sure
your traveling companion is familiar with the operation of the awning. If a sudden wind
WARNING: Once the step is lowered, press down on it to make sure it
should come up, or if high wind is forecast, the awning should be retracted, stowed
is secure.
and travel locks engaged. Awnings should be extended at an angle to encourage the
run off of rain. Awning damage such as a bent tube, torn canvas, or broken arms due
CAUTION: Never travel with step lowered or extended.
to high winds or water standing on the canvas are not covered by warranty. Use the
center support bar if your patio awning is so equipped.
Exterior Windows
CAUTION: Travel locks on all awnings must be engaged before traveling.
The windows in your trailer are safety glass. To open: release the two lever locks at
the bottom, lift up on the two side operator handles until the window is in the desired
position, and place the operators into one of the three positioning slots on the side of
the frame. To lock the windows reverse this position
D-2
D
EXTERIOR
Chassis
POWER JACK
The standard RECOMMENDED HITCH BALL
Hi-Power Acme 3,000
HEIGHT for your Airstream is listed in the
“Specifications” section of this manual. If you
A switch located on the bottom of the housing operates the power jack. When the jack
plan long trips with the trailer heavily loaded, you
is fully extended or retracted internal limit switches automatically shut off the motor.
should check your trailer, after loading, to deter-
The jack is wired directly to the battery with an inline fuse.
mine the optimum height. To check, park the trailer
D
WARNING: Keep hands and feet from under the footplate when using
on a level surface and crank the front jack up or
the jack.
down until the measurement from the frame to the
ground is the same front and rear. Measure from
the ground to the upper surface of the hitch ball
When the high-powered jack
coupler. Add one inch to this figure when setting
reaches the end of its travel,
the ball height on the tow vehicle to allow for the
(either raising or lowering) inter-
suspension settling under the added weight.
nal limit switches automatically
shut motor off.
WARNING: ALWAYS OPEN LATCH
HANDLE BEFORE INSERTING BALL.
Dolly wheels are not
recommended.
OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS
1. To open - slide forward and pull up to open latch before inserting ball
WARNING: Avoid the risk of injury to yourself and others.
2. Place coupler on ball of same diameter as coupler and of same or greater capacity.
3. When ball is completely nested in socket, push top of latch handle rearward until
•
Use the jack for lifting the trailer only
•
Never get beneath the travel trailer when only the power jack supports
it.
handle snaps into closed position. (Figure 2)
•
4. Extend jack to ground and lift car/trailer combination 2-4” to insure coupler is securely attached to tow ball. Retract jack before
towing.
5. Insert padlock through hole in handle for theft prevention.
D-3
Support the vehicle by appropriate means.
EXTERIOR
Maintenance
If an electrical failure should ever occur the emergency handle may be inserted into the
jack post and the jack can be raised or lowered. Access can be obtained by twisting
Once a year the power head should be removed and a liberal amount of grease (prefer-
the level cap off.
ably a grease with high melting point) applied directly to the coupling on which the
If power head is removed the crank can still be used.
drive pin rests. DO NOT POUR OIL into the top of the jack post.
CAUTION: If power head is removed it must be
Once a year the housing cover should be removed and the gears inspected for proper
synchronized with the jack post.
lubrication. Remove 4 screws and tap around the edges of the housing to free the
CAUTION: Leave tow vehicle transmission in neu-
tion is needed, use Mobilith 460 grease or its equivalent.
cover. DO NOT insert screwdriver blade, this may damage mating surfaces. If lubrica-
tral when lifting both units. Dolly wheels are not recAXLE AND RUNNING GEAR
ommended. Always retract stabilizing jacks before
using your jack under load.
Each RUBBER TORSION axle is aligned during manufacturing, and double-checked
on a random basis. Alignment after delivery is the customer’s responsibility.
WARNING: Do not use the electric toggle
switch (raise and lower) with the manual crank in
CAUTION: Never allow heat to he applied to the axle tube since the rubber
place on the jack post. The crank will spin if the
providing the spring torsion action will he severely damaged.
switch actvates the motor and will cause serious
injury. Use your battery disconnect switch to cut power to the jack.
Hitting chuck holes or rough railroad tracks while going straight will only cause
misalignment after the tire has been struck many repetitive times. Of course, a deep
enough hole can affect the alignment immediately.
The worse culprit is a curb because they are normally struck at an angle. Surprisingly
rear axles are occasionally damaged when people are attempting to park beside a
curb and are backing up their trailer.
As you look under your trailer is it normal for the axle to be bent up in the middle. This
bend is how the camber is obtained.
Toe-in is built into the axle by very slight bends in the axle tube on each end.
D-4
D
EXTERIOR
17. Check the lug nuts at 10, 25, and again at 50 miles of travel after replacing a wheel.
If tire wear ever indicate misalignment check with your dealer for the nearest location
Torque aluminum wheels to 110 ft. lbs. and steel to 95 ft. lbs.
having the proper equipment.
Rubber torsion Axle Alignment Specifications
When greasing bearings by hand, place a glob of grease in the palm of one hand and
push the large end of the bearing down into the grease (see illustration). Keep turning
Toe-In each side 1/16”
Tolerance 1/16” + or -
the bearing around and forcing it down through the grease until the grease is extruded
Camber each side ¾º positive
Tolerance ¾º + or -
up through the opposite end. Wipe the extra grease in your hand around the outside of
the bearing. It’s not necessary to fill the hub and dust cap with grease.
D
Wheel Bearing Maintenance
1. Jack trailer at marked jack location pad behind axle on mainframe.
2. Remove hubcap or spindle cover, wheel and tire.
3. Remove cotter pin.
4. Remove dust cap.
5. Remove spindle nut and washer.
6. Remove bearings, hub and rotor.
7. Lay down hub and rotor with inside grease seal down. Knock out inner bearing and
grease seal using wood or plastic dowel and hammer.
8. Clean all parts thoroughly with kerosene.
9. Check all bearings and races for chips or roughness of any kind. Any damaged
component must be replaced.
10. Pack bearing with a good grease (No 2 grade-265 ASTM penetration
or equivalent).
11. Install inner bearing.
12. Install new grease seal in hub or rotor using wooden or rawhide mallet.
13. Install hub and drum on spindle.
14. Install outer bearing.
15 Install washer and spindle nut
16. While rotating the wheel, tighten the spindle nut with a 12” wrench until there is a
slight tension. Then back off one notch and install cotter pin. There should now be
from .001” to .010” endplay in hub. If not, back off one notch.
D-5
EXTERIOR
ELECTRIC BRAKES
WARNING: Do not use breakaway switch for parking brake or leave the
A CONTROLLER installed in your tow vehicle will synchronize the trailer brakes with
pin out for longer that a few minutes with the battery disconnect in the “USE”
your tow vehicle brakes. It is designed to apply the trailer brakes whenever the tow
position.
vehicle brakes are applied.
HOW TO USE YOUR ELECTRIC BRAKES PROPERLY
TYPICAL ELECTRONIC CONTROLLER
Your trailer brakes are designed to work in synchronization with your tow vehicle
ELECTRONIC CONTROLLERS are inertially activated. The controller senses decelera-
brakes. Never use your tow vehicle or trailer brakes alone to stop the combined load.
tion and generates an output, which reflects the inertia sensed. When you are stationary, the controller does not apply the brakes unless the manual slide bar is activated.
Your trailer and tow vehicle will seldom have the right amperage flow to the brake
magnets to give you comfortable, safe braking unless you make proper brake system
NOTE: Study all material provided with your particular brake control. If you don’t
adjustments. Changing trailer load and driving conditions as well as uneven alternator
understand the information, have the installer explain the information to you or call the
and battery output can mean unstable current flow to your brake magnets. It is there-
manufacturer of the controller.
fore imperative that you maintain and adjust your brakes as set forth in this manual,
use a properly modulated brake controller, and perform the synchronization procedure
In THE EVENT OF AN ACCIDENTAL SEPARATION of the tow vehicle and trailer, the
noted below
BREAKAWAY SWITCH will set and lock the trailer brakes for a sufficient length of time
to stop the trailer. The switch is activated when the wire attached to it and to the tow
In addition to the synchronization adjustment detailed below, electric brake controllers
vehicle pulls out the small pin in the front of the unit. THIS PIN SHOULD BE PULLED
provide a modulation function that varies the current to the electric brakes with the
OUT, LUBRICATED WITH LIGHT HOUSEHOLD OIL AND REPLACED EVERY 90 DAYS.
pressure on the brake pedal. It is important that your brake controller provide approximately 2 volts to the braking system when the brake pedal is first depressed and
To prevent corrosion within the breakaway switch, turn you trailer battery disconnect
gradually increase the voltage to 12 volts as brake pedal pressure is increased. If the
to “STORE”, pull the switch’s pin straight forward and spray the inside of the switch
controller “jumps” immediately to a high voltage output, even during a gradual stop,
through the hole with an electric contact cleaner (such as Spra-Kleen) and reinsert the
then the electric brakes will always be fully energized and will result in harsh brakes
pin. A drop of light household oil on the groove near the base of the pin will allow the
and potential brake lockup.
pin to operate freely. WHEN THE TRAILER IS CONNECTED TO THE TOW VEHICLE,
THE BREAKAWAY SWITCH LOOP SHOULD BE ATTACHED TO THE PERMANENT
Proper synchronization of tow vehicle to trailer braking can only be accomplished by
FRAME OF YOUR HITCH. When disconnecting trailer from tow vehicle remove wire
road testing. Brake “lockup, grabbiness, or harshness” is quite often lack of synchro-
loop from the frame. DO NOT REMOVE PIN FROM SWITCH BECAUSE THIS WILL
nization between the tow vehicle and the trailer being towed, too high of a threshold
APPLY THE TRAILER BRAKES.
voltage (over 2 volts), or under adjusted brakes.
D-6
D
EXTERIOR
TIRES
WARNING: Never attempt to change any tire without securely chocking
Your trailer is equipped at the factory with name brand trailer tires. Airstream dealers
remaining wheels. Never position yourself in a manner where a raised trailer can
cannot make adjustments to tires. A dealer who handles that particular brand must
come down on you if it should become dislodged from a jack or ramp.
do this. If you ever have tire problems check the local telephone directory for the
nearest dealer.
All tire and wheel assemblies are balanced at the factory. Be sure to rebalance the tire
and wheel assemblies each time a tire is changed.
To get the maximum performance from your tires check the air pressure often, but only
D
when the tires are cool. Never bleed out air immediately after driving. Recommended
WARNING: When removing aluminum-forged wheels, if so equipped,
tire pressures vary with tire type and size.
from the spindle, it is very important to mark them to assure the wheel is placed
in the same position of the drum when reinstalling. If the aluminum-forged wheel
WARNING: WHEEL SEPARATION CAN OCCUR
is to be mounted on a different drum it is important to sand all loose corrosion
from the mating surfaces.
1. On first trip, tighten wheel lugs at start and at 10, 25, and 50 miles.
2. Thereafter, check whell lugs before each trip.
WARNING: Whenever the trailer must be lifted with a jack, as when
3. Following winter storage, check before beginning a trip.
4. Following excessive braking, inspect wheel lugs
changing a tire or leveling on very rough terrain, ALWAYS PLACE THE LIFTING
JACK UNDER THE MAIN FRAME RAIL. A label is provided to indicate the proper
Torque aluminum wheels to 110-120 ft. lbs. and steel wheels to 95 ft. lbs.
position for the jack. NEVER USE STABILIZING JACKS or HITCH JACK TO LIFT
THE TRAILER.
Try to park out of the sun whenever possible when in warm climates. In desert regions
use tire covers to prevent ultra-violet deterioration to tires.
In an emergency you may remove the flat tire. The independent suspension of the
Rubber Torsion Axle allows four wheel units to be safely towed on three wheels for a
To CHANGE A TIRE with a jack see the label affixed to the underbelly to the rear of
short distance (100 miles maximum) and only at a low speed (30 MPH).
the wheels. This label, says JACK with an arrow and points to a plate riveted to the
mainframe rail where the jack head must be placed. A flat tire may also be changed
Be especially cautious in crossing holes or dips in the road. Under these circumstances
without the aid of a jack. Drive the unit up on a ramp 8” wide, 6” high, and about 3 feet
it is good practice to set your rear view mirrors so that you can observe your tires at
long at its base. Position the good tire on the ramp. This will raise the flat tire clear of
all times.
the ground.
D-7
EXTERIOR
TIRE ROTATION
WARNING: Whenever the trailer must be lifted with a jack, as when
(10,000-mile intervals)
changing a tire or leveling on very rough terrain, ALWAYS PLACE THE LIFTING
JACK UNDER THE MAIN FRAME RAIL. A label is provided to indicate the proper
position for the jack. NEVER USE STABILIZING JACKS or HITCH JACK TO LIFT
THE TRAILER.
D
SPARE TIRE & CARRIER (Optional)
The spare tire for Airstreams is stored under the front of the trailer. The front handle
of the tire carrier is a one-inch tube protruding out from under the front A-frame on
the curbside. It is secured by a bracket and bolt along the inside of the A frame rail.
Removing the bolts allows the front on the tire carrier to be lowered and the spare
tire removed.
WARNING: It is also important to periodically check on the tightness of
lug nuts. Torque aluminum wheels to 110 ft. lbs. and steel to 95 ft. lbs. Care should
he taken at all times when handling the wheel because of possible damage to its
appearance.
NOTICE!
CHECK WHEEL LUGS
On first trip, tighten wheel lugs at start and at 10, 25, and 100 miles. Toque to 95 ft. lbs.
There after, check wheel lugs before each trip, after excessive braking, and following
winter storage.
D-8
EXTERIOR
Load/Inflation Information for Your Tires
IMPORTANT: Lowering tire pressure in the search for a smoother ride is not only
Maintaining proper tire inflation pressure is essential for both tire safety and
dangerous, it’s relatively ineffective, and as the difference in the ride quality is
performance.
not significant. When minimum inflation pressure requirements are not met, tire
durability and optimum operating conditions are compromised. Tire inflation
Proper Tire Inflation
pressure should always meet the guidelines for vehicle weight.
The level of air in your tires affects your vehicle’s overall performance. Not even the
D
•
highest quality tire will perform well if it’s not inflated properly. The correct pressure
It may be necessary to inflate your tires at a truck stop or truck service
center in order to achieve adequate air pressure for your coach’s needs
varies from vehicle to vehicle and depends in part upon driver preference. Each vehicle
• Only permanent air seal metal valve caps should be used.
has a maximum inflation pressure, usually found on a metal tag riveted to the outside
• Be safe - if a tire has been run 20% under inflated, it must be dismounted and
of the vehicle as well as on the original equipment tires.
inspected by a trained professional. It should not be aired up without a full
inspection or without using a safety cage. Use a calibrated gauge. If your
Correct tire inflation is a key component in tire care. The recommended inflation
tire is rated for higher inflation pressures, a special gauge will be required
pressures for your tires are indicated on the certification label or in your owner’s
designed for larger tires.
manual. Since RVs can be loaded with many different configurations, the load on each
• Don’t bleed air from warm tires to reduce pressure buildup
tire will vary. For this reason, air pressure should be checked based on the load on
• Don’t inflate tires to cold PSI rating beyond rim specifications
each individual tire. Cold Inflation Pressure should be adjusted to handle the maximum
HOW OVERLOADING AFFECTS YOUR TIRES
tire load, and all tires on the axle should carry the same inflation pressure. COLD TIRE
INFLATION PRESSURE is the tire pressure checked in the morning before you drive
more than a few miles or before rising ambient temperatures or the sun’s radiant heat
Tire pressure is what enables your RV tire to support loads. Overloading your tires
affects it. Check your tires’ air pressures at least once a month, before each trip and
can have serious consequences for passengers and your RV. Too much weight can
each morning you drive during a trip. Tire pressure should be checked cold, as tire
cause stress on your RV’s suspension system, brake failure, shock absorber damage,
pressure ratings have been designed with typical running heat/pressure build-up in
handling and steering problems, irregular tire wear and possible tire failure. Excessive
mind. Make sure the valves and caps are free of dirt and moisture.
loads or under inflation can lead to an excessive amount of heat and tire failure. If you
discover that your tires cannot handle the load, lighten the weight of the load on your
Under Inflation
tires.
Under inflation brings a higher risk of damage due to road hazards, reduces casing
Tire pressure should never be reduced below the vehicle manufacturer’s recommended
durability, causes a loss in fuel economy, and uneven or irregular tire wear. Severe
levels to support load conditions in order to improve the ride quality of a vehicle. The
under inflation brings about an increased risk of tread separation, handling difficulties,
difference in ride quality is not significant. When inflation pressure requirements are not
and possibly tires failure, caused by overheating.
met, tire durability and optimum operation can be affected.
D-9
EXTERIOR
D
D - 10
INTERIOR
Code S
The interior of all Airstream trailers has been designed for comfort, convenience, durability and appearance. How you use it and how you take care of it naturally depends
on you. However, if you learn to operate the interior components and take care of them
Fabric Care: Spot clean, using a mild water free solvent or dry cleaning product.
and the trailer properly, this knowledge will add to your pleasure as well as the long
Carefully follow instructions on such product. Clean only in a well-ventilated room.
life of your trailer.
Avoid any product containing carbon tetrachloride, which is highly toxic. Pretest small
area before proceeding. Use professional furniture cleaner when an overall soiled
Upholstery
condition is reached.
All materials should be professionally dry cleaned to remove any overall soiled condi-
Code W
tion. However, these materials may be spot cleaned using the cleaning code instruc-
E
tions as listed. Sample swatches are furnished to our dealers. The dealer will be able to
Fabric Care: Spot clean, using the foam only from water based cleaning agent such as
give you the name of the fabrics used in your particular trailer. Each swatch will show
mild detergent or non-solvent upholstery shampoo product.
the cleaning code in parenthesis.
Apply foam with a soft brush in a circular motion. Vacuum when dry. Pretest small area
The following are the cleaning code instructions for the various fabrics used in the
before proceeding. Use professional furniture cleaner when an overall soiled condition
Airstream trailers:
is reached. The manufacturer of the fabric designed the above code.
Code WS
CAUTION: Never remove cushion cover for separate dry cleaning or washing. Any tumble cleaning method can destroy the backing, shrink or otherwise
damage upholstery fabric.
Fabric Care: Spot clean this fabric either with a mild solvent or water based cleaning
agent. When using a solvent or dry cleaning product follow instructions carefully and
clean only in a well-ventilated room. Avoid any product, which contains highly toxic
WARNING: Keep your furniture and family safe from fires caused by care-
carbon tetrachloride. You may also use an upholstery shampoo product or the foam
less smoking. Do not smoke when drowsy. Remove immediately any flowing ash or
from a mild detergent. With either method pretest a small area before proceeding. Use
a lighted cigarette, which falls on furniture. Smoldering smoking material can cause
professional furniture cleaner when an overall soiled condition is reached.
upholstered furniture fires.
CAUTION: Mattress covers must be professionally dry-cleaned.
E-1
INTERIOR
Shades
paint thinner or acetone. Restore dulled areas by rubbing with an automotive type
liquid cleaner then put the soft glow back into your fiberglass unit with a light applica-
Roller shades may be dusted with a damp cloth.
tion of liquid wax. Chips and gel-coat cracks can be repaired. Check with local repair
shops or your dealer for this service.
Carpet
Dinette
The carpet can be cleaned with any good commercial carpet cleaner, or with a detergent and water. BE CAREFUL NOT TO SOAK THE CARPET WITH WATER.
The dinette is made into a bed by rising up on the front of the table and folding the
table leg up against the bottom of the leaf. As the table is raised it will unhook from the
Vinyl Floor
upper wall brackets. Once it is unhooked it can be pulled out and the wall hinge will
let it be lowered on the supports of the dinette seats. The backrests of the seats are
The vinyl floor in your unit can be cleaned with liquid floor cleaning solutions recom-
placed over the table to complete the conversion.
mended for vinyl floors and warm water.
Metal Interior Skin
Counter Area
The interior shiny metal skin is the same as the exterior coated skin on your trailer. The
The counter areas around the sink are of a high-pressure laminate and can be cleaned
cleaning and care would be the same. Use common sense on the waxing and washing
with soap and water, or you can use a common solvent on tough spots. Be sure no
on the interior. A damp soft cloth will do most of the time.
abrasive cleaner is used, as there is the possibility it could scratch the surface. A
CAUTION: ABRASIVE POLISHES OR CLEANING SOLVENTS SUCH AS
protective pad should always be placed under hot utensils.
AUTOMATIC DISHWASHER OR ACID ETCH CLEANERS ARE TOO STRONG
Sinks
AND SHOULD NEVER BE USED. RINSE ALL GRIT FROM SURFACE PRIOR TO
WASHING. Use soft rags or wash mitts always moving lengthwise with the trailer.
Cleaning can be accomplished using mild liquid detergent with a soft cloth. A com-
NEVER rub hard on the coating. Even the softest rag will damage the coating if
plete Home Owners Guide for your sinks is supplied in your Owner’s Folder. Please
excessive pressure is applied.
read these instructions before use.
Shower Stall
To clean your fiberglass shower stall unit use warm water and one of the stronger liquid
detergents. Do not use abrasive cleaners, they may scratch and dull the surface of
your fiberglass unit. Stubborn stains can be removed with solvents such as turpentine,
E-2
E
INTERIOR
Monitor Panel
Water Pump Switch
The monitor panel allows you to check the amount of fluid in your fresh water tank, black
The water pump switch is located on monitor panel. Once the switch is turned on, the
water tank, and the gray water tank. The LP gas and battery status are also shown.
pump will run until the water pressure reaches about 65 psi. At this point, an internal
Further instructions on its use are detailed in the electrical section of this manual.
pressure switch will shut it off. When a faucet is open, the water pressure will drop and
the pump will start to run again. The water pump should be turned off when the trailer
The MicroPulse Monitor will display the condition of each system at all times. The
is left unattended and when city water is being used as the fresh water supply.
tri-color LED beside the system will indicate the condition of the system using the
E
following color code.
Bathroom Exhaust Fan
Fresh Water, LP Gas, Battery are as follows:
The bathroom exhaust fan is in the bathroom ceiling and is opened by pushing up on
Green LED = 3/8 to Full
the handle running across the fan opening.
Yellow LED = 1/4
Red LED = 1/8 to Empty
Shower Head
Gray Water, Black Water are as follows:
The lavatory sink spout pulls out for the showerhead. It is designed to give maximum
Green LED = Empty to 5/8
flexibility in usage, and provides for water saving techniques when using your trailer
Yellow LED = 3/4
on self-containment. It can be held in the hand and moved about the body. Normally
Red LED = 7/8 to Full
the best water conservation procedure is to wet the entire body and then turn the
water off. Apply soap, lather thoroughly, and then rinse the soap off. The telephone
Water Heater Switch
showerhead is also used to fill the tub for taking a bath.
The water heater switch with a red indicator light is for lighting the water heater and is
The 16 ft. Bambi has the added feature of using your showerhead has an exterior
located on the CS wall above the rear desk on the 22 Ft. model, on the galley wall in
shower. An exterior door is provided to run the showerhead and hose to the outside of
the 16 ft, 25 ft. sleep six and 28 Ft. and on the lavatory wall in the 19 ft. model.
your trailer for clean up before entering.
E-3
INTERIOR
Light Switches
Fresh Air Vents
Light switches are located throughout the trailer and are labeled for your convenience.
A control handle operates the ceiling fresh air vents. Turning clockwise will raise the
vent. Check your lid gaskets once a year.
To change the bulb in the round ceiling light, first remove the lens assembly. The lens
assembly is spring loaded and pops out of the fixture at its chrome ring. A small screw-
Information on the front high volume roof vent may be found in the appliance section
driver may be used, be careful not to scratch the chrome and be sure the bulb is cool
of this book.
before attempting replacement. The bulb inserts into the ballast by two wire prongs.
Grasp the bulb with a piece of cloth and pull it gently straight out from its ballast. Insert
Storage
the new bulb, and replace the lens. The lens assembly has two grooves that must be
aligned to the light fixture before snapping the lens back into place.
All cabinets and storage areas should have the heaviest items on the bottom and
lighter items overhead. After loading you should have the skillets and can goods on
Battery Disconnect Switch
the floor or bottom shelf, and the cereals and crackers in the overhead roof locker.
Use the unbreakable type plates and saucers, and consider storing your dishtowels
The disconnect switch is used to separate the battery from the 12-volt distribution
around them. Better yet, use paper plates. Who wants to wash dishes when on a trip
panel and converter charging system.
or vacation?
When the disconnect switch is turned to “use” (on) and the trailer is plugged into a 110-
Clothes hung in wardrobes should be kept on hangers that snap over the clothes rods
volt shoreline, the 12-volt distribution panel will receive power from the converter as the
to keep them from “jumping” off on rough roads. Evening dresses should be kept in the
battery is charged through the converter charging system. If the trailer is not plugged
plastic bags like dry cleaning businesses use. No matter how hard you try, if you travel
into a 110-volt shoreline, the battery will supply 12-volts to the trailer and no charging to
a long dusty section of road the dust will work its way into the trailer and soil clothes.
the battery is available since the converter is not receiving 110-volt power.
Try to avoid large bulky coats. Layers of lighter clothing will usually keep you warmer,
are more versatile and easier to store.
When the disconnect switch is turned to “store” (off) and the trailer is plugged into a
110-volt shoreline, the 12-volt distribution panel will still receive power from the con-
WARNING: Keep flammable material away from the furnace.
verter, but the battery is disconnected from the system. The battery will not be drained
Remember, heavy items should be stored low and toward the front, lighter items in the
with the switch in the “store” position. The converter will not charge the battery with
rear and overhead cabinets.
the switch in the “store” position either.
The charge in the 12-volt batteries is replenished when towing from the tow vehicle
alternator through the 7-way cord. This charge will go to the battery no matter which
position the Battery Disconnect Switch is in.
E-4
E
INTERIOR
SMOKE ALARM - FIREX MODEL B
7. Smoke alarms have technical limitations and may not respond in all situations. FIRE
PREVENTION is your best safeguard.
Maple Chase Company
2820 Thatcher Road
8. For a replacement Owner’s Manual or Safety Checklist, please indicate your unit
Downers Grove, Illinois 60515-4040
E
model, include a self-addressed stamped envelope and send to:
IMPORTANT INFORMATION-SMOKE ALARM SAFETY CHECKLIST
WEEKLY TESTING OF YOUR SMOKE ALARM
1. Test your smoke alarm every week. To test the electronics, firmly depress the button.
1. FOR A COMPLETE WEEKLY TEST OF THE ELECTRONICS AND THE SENSOR
To test that smoke reaches the sensor, blow smoke in a careful fire-safe manner into
OPERATION, FIRMLY DEPRESS THE TEST BUTTON ON THE COVER OF THE
your smoke alarm.
SMOKE ALARM FOR A FEW SECONDS. The smoke LED (light emitting diode),
which is the indicator light under the clear Push-to-Test button, will blink once per
2. Your smoke alarm will not work without power. Never shut off its power or remove
second while the button is being pushed and the alarm is sounding. The smoke
the battery to quiet the alarm. FOR BATTERY-POWERED UNITS: When your smoke
alarm will stop sounding when you release the button.
alarm “beeps” about once a minute, the battery is weak. Immediately install a new
battery correctly. Be sure to use only batteries specified in Owner’s Manual or on
2. If your smoke alarm has the False Alarm Control or Safety Light feature see “SPECIAL
unit. Test unit after installing a new battery.
SMOKE ALARM FEATURES” for further testing information.
3. IMPORTANT: Always test your smoke alarm upon returning from vacation, or any
3. Clean and vacuum the openings on your smoke alarm once a month.
other time when no one has been in your household or residence for several days.
4. Do not open the smoke alarm or try to repair it. For replacement information see the
WARRANTY in the Owner’s Manual.
4. If a smoke alarm is installed in a mobile home, test the smoke alarm after you
remove the vehicle from storage and before each trip.
5. Verify you have the proper number of smoke alarms in your home and the correct
location for each one. A smoke alarm will not respond well in an incorrect location.
6. If your smoke alarm has one or more of these special features, please note:
•
FALSE ALARM CONTROL (Model C): Pushing test/hush button reduces
sensitivity for up to 15 minutes, minimizing nuisance alarms,
•
FLASHING LIGHT (Model E): Pushing test button turns flashing safety light
on. Very thick smoke may obscure light.
E-5
INTERIOR
REPLACING THE BATTERY
WARNING: If your smoke alarm does not respond as described in any
of the above tests, check that a good battery is properly installed. If a good bat-
The smoke alarm will “beep” once a minute for at least 30 days when the battery is
tery is properly installed, promptly remove the unit, repack it and return it for
weak. The battery must immediately be replaced with a fresh one.
repair or replacement.
The battery should also be changed if it does not sound an alarm when tested. TO
TAKING CARE OF YOUR SMOKE ALARM
REPLACE THE BATTERY:
Your smoke alarm has been designed and manufactured to be as maintenance-free
1. Check if the tamper resist locking pin is installed in the smoke alarm (see “USING
as possible. Here are a few simple steps you must perform, in addition to the weekly
THE TAMPER RESIST LOCKING MECHANISM” section). If so, pull the pin com-
tests described in the section “WEEKLY TESTING OF YOUR SMOKE ALARM,” to keep
pletely out of the smoke alarm using long-nose pliers.
your unit in good working order.
2. Remove the smoke alarm from the mounting bracket by twisting counterclockwise
•
The smoke alarm should be vacuumed monthly or more often if there is
dust, dirt or kitchen grease that can accumulate. Use a soft brush or wand
3. Replace old battery with a fresh one. If your smoke alarm has a safety light, the
attachment and vacuum all slots in the cover and side. FOR YOUR SAFETY,
miniature lamp operates on two AA batteries. (See recommended batteries below.)
you must properly clean and maintain your smoke alarm, since a dirty or
4. Check that battery connections are secure and the battery is secured in its
malfunctioning unit may fail to alarm or cause unwanted nuisance alarms.
compartment
•
If the unit is damaged or fails to operate properly, and you have checked
that a good battery is installed correctly, follow the directions in the sec-
5. Test smoke alarm for proper operation (see “WEEKLY TESTING OF YOUR SMOKE
tion "WHERE TO SEND YOUR SMOKE ALARM IF IT NEEDS SERVICE" for
ALARM” section). The smoke alarm operates on a 9-volt battery. The normal battery
return. FOR YOUR SAFETY, DO NOT OPEN THE SMOKE ALARM AND TRY
operating life will be one (1) year. The life of some batteries may be less.
TO REPAIR IT YOURSELF. While smoke alarms are economical devices,
6. Firex smoke alarms sold with Ultralife long-life lithium batteries require replacement
they contain precision electronic components that are precisely calibrated.
approximately every ten (10) years or when the low battery signal sounds.
The manufacturer must do repairs.
CAUTION: You should only use the batteries specified here or on the label of
the unit.
E-6
E
INTERIOR
For Models A, B, C, E and PB use: Eveready 216, 522 or 1222; Mallory MN1604;
To Remove:
Duracell MN1604; or Ultralife U9VL-J.
5. Using long-nose pliers grasp the head of the locking pin and pull the pin completely
For Model E also use AA Heavy Duty for light power. The miniature lamp operates
out of the smoke alarm.
on two (2) AA batteries. For replacement, use heavy-duty or alkaline AA batteries:
Eveready 1215, E91, or Duracell M15HD, MN1500.
6. The smoke alarm can now be removed from the mounting bracket with a counterclockwise twist.
CAUTION: Do not use any type of rechargeable batteries.
SPECIAL SMOKE ALARM FEATURES
USING THE TAMPER RESIST LOCKING MECHANISM
If your smoke alarm has one or more of these special features, read the following:
E
To make the smoke alarm somewhat tamper resistant, a “locking pin” has been provided
in the base of the unit. It will help deter a child or other individual from removing the
•
smoke alarm from the bracket. See Figure 7. The following directions can install this.
BLINKING LED LIGHT (Models B, C, E and PB): The indicator light under
the Push-to Test button blinks about once per minute to indicate the smoke
alarm is receiving power.
WARNING: Very thick smoke may obscure the light.
1. Remove the breakaway locking pin from the unit by rocking pin back and forth.
2. Put the smoke alarm back on the mounting bracket. (See section “HOW TO INSTALL
YOUR SMOKE ALARM.”)
3. Using long-nose pliers grab the head of the locking pin and insert into hole located
on the side of the smoke alarm. See Figure 8.
4. The Tamper Resist feature is now installed and complete.
E-7
INTERIOR
LP GAS DETECTOR
DETECTOR TEST
The LP gas detector is located approximately six inches above the floor. LP gas is a
Press the test button for 5 to 6 seconds until the alarm sounds then release the test
mixture of gases produced and sold commercially as a fuel for heating and cooking
button. The red LED should flash and the alarm sound for approximately 4 minutes.
appliances. LP gas is highly flammable and, as a result, can be explosive if ignited
This test should be performed at least once a week during normal vehicle operation,
under certain circumstances. LP gas is heavier than air and, if confined in a closed
and after periods of storage, and before each trip.
space, will accumulate close to the floor. When the LP gas concentration in your unit
LOW VOLTAGE
exceeds 2000 PPM the detector will provide a visual and audible alarm by sounding a
buzzer and flashing the red LED two times per second.
Below 10 VDC the detector will continue to operate but will blink alternately green and
WARNING: Activation of this detector indicates the presence of LP gas,
orange. Below 8 VDC the unit will behave erratically and will eventually shut off. To
which can cause an explosion and/or fire. This normally indicates a leak in the
ensure proper operation, do not operate the unit below 10 VDC.
LP gas installation or a LP gas appliance. Extinguish all open flames, open your
windows and door and evacuate the unit immediately. Do not activate any electri-
COMPONENT FAILURE
cal switch. Turn off the LP at your gas bottle(s). DO NOT RE-ENTER YOUR UNIT
UNTIL A QUALIFIED REPAIR TECHNICIAN HAS CORRECTED THE PROBLEM OR
The failure of any circuit component will cause the detector to display a continuous
A FIRE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL HAS CLEARED YOUR UNIT AS SAFE.
orange LED fault light and a short beep indicating failure. If this occurs, immediately
contact your dealer or Airstream Customer Service for the name of the nearest detec-
OPERATION
tor service center.
Your LP gas detector is wired directly to your vehicle battery and incorporates a 1-amp
Please read the operating instructions for your detector, which have been supplied
in-line fuse. When the device is operating normally the green LED will be lit.
with the paper work of your unit.
WARNING: It is not recommended that the detector be disconnected
WARNING: Have a professional check your system if you have
from the battery during periods of storage. There is a small heater on the sensor
any doubts.
of the device, which “burns” away impurities in the air during periods of normal
use. During periods when power is interrupted, impurities can build up on the
sensor. When power is returned to the detector the detector alarm may activate
until the impurities are “burned” off. This could take a number of hours, during
which time the alarm will be constantly “on”.
E-8
E
INTERIOR
FIRE EXTINGUISHER
but don’t park so the beautiful lake or steep cliff is just outside your escape
window. Never park your trailer so the escape windows cannot be easily used
for emergency exits.
The fire extinguisher should have the charge checked on a regular basis. Make sure
your family, especially the cook, knows how to release the extinguisher storage
E
bracket, and how to properly operate the extinguisher. If you find the directions on the
WARNING: You and all your family should practice escape procedures
extinguisher unclear, check with your local fire department for professional advice on
so they can be rapidly accomplished even in total darkness. Never block the
its operation and use. We’re sure they will be happy to assist you and your family.
interior or exterior access to the emergency escape windows.
SAFETY: Many things can be construed as safety related, but the most important
These windows are cleaned in the same manner that ordinary windows are. Clean the
is your common sense. If you are careless with matches, cigarettes, flammable
seals with a damp cloth or mild detergent every three to six months, taking care not
material or any other hazardous material, we are sure you realize your potential
to use a strong solvent, as it will damage the seals. A coat of natural silicone lubricant
for accidents is greatly increased.
applied after the seal has dried will keep it flexible. Spread the lubricant evenly with a
brush or finger, working it into the surface. This is a good practice for all rubber seals
EXTERIOR WINDOWS
in your Airstream. For replacement of a damaged window contact an Airstream Service
Center or the factory.
The windows in your trailer are safety glass. To open: release the two lever locks at
SCREENS
the bottom, lift up on the two side operator handles until the window is in the desired
position, and place the operators into one of three positioning slots on the side of the
frames. To lock the windows, reverse this procedure.
Your plastic screens are easy to maintain. Just clean them occasionally with a
damp cloth.
WARNING: The escape windows(s) are identified by red release handles and are opened by lifting up both latches, then turning the latches toward
Note: They will melt at the point of contact if touched by a cigarette.
the center. Push out on the glass and it will swing clear. The window operation
should be checked each trip and the latches lubricated with WD-40 or equivalent
BACK UP CAMERA PRE-WIRE
every six months. A loop is provided in the SCREEN RETAINING SPLINE so it can
be rapidly removed. Take hold of the loop and pull the rubber spline out of the
Your trailer has a 2-pin power connector pre-wired into the running light 12-volt system
screen frame. The window screen can then be easily pushed out.
for the installation of a Power Line Vision System made by PowerLinx. For more information on this system contact PowerLinx at their website or call http://rvenjoyment.
WARNING: Check the emergency escape route outside your escape
com/rearview.htm.
window at every stop. At each campsite make sure you have not parked in such
a manner as to block the operation of the escape window by being too close to
trees, fences or other impediments. Scenic views are one reason for traveling,
E-9
INTERIOR
EXTERNAL RADIO JACK (Optional)
Your trailer may have external speaker jacks located by the exterior 110 volt outlet.
SATELLITE RADIO (OPTION)
The travel trailer may be equipped with a satellite radio. This system is integrated with
the entertainment system on the trailer. The system owner’s manual is included with
the packet from your dealer.
INVERTOR (option)
E
The Inverter powers the TV and one additional labeled 110 volt receptacle. The inverter
converts 12 volt electricity from your batteries into 110 volt power. The switch for
the inverter is locatedunder the monitor panel. Overloading the inverter will cause a
automatic shut off to activate. Removing the load will allow the inverter to reset.
APPLE I POD / MP3 INPUT. 12V POWER PORT & RCA JACK CONNECTOR PANEL
(option)
A 12 volt port, two RCA jack cords, and a plug in is provided with Audio/Video Upgrade
option. These are used to for a Apple Ipod or MP3 player input.
E - 10
INTERIOR
CARBON MONOXIDE ALARM
Pushing the test button will silence the alarm once for approximately 4 minutes.
The following information is highlights from the folder provided by the alarm manufac-
After approximately 4 minutes the alarm will once again sound until the unsafe CO
turer. The folder, with more detailed information, is contained in your Owners’ Packet.
concentration is removed.
Test detector immediately following installation and weekly for proper operation by
FAULT CONDITION
pushing the test button until the YELLOW L.E.D. lights and a short beep is heard
(approximately three seconds). Release the button. The detector will then test itself for
Periodically the detector’s measurement circuit is tested. If an error is detected, the
proper operation. At completion of the self-test, the alarm will sound and both L.E.D.s
detector will sound twice and the YELLOW L.E.D. will flash twice every 30 seconds.
will light for 3/4 of a second. The detector then resumes normal operation.
This is an indication of circuit malfunction and that the detector requires immediate
servicing.
E
NORMAL OPERATION
MAINTENANCE
In normal operation the detector will flash the RED L.E.D. once every 30 seconds.
Battery Replacement:
WARNING CONDITION
If tamper resistant pin has been used, refer to “tamper resistant locking pin” for reIf the COSTAR senses a low level of CO The YELLOW L.E.D. will light and the detector
moval instructions.
will beep every three seconds warning that CO is present. The area should immediately
be ventilated. A concentration of 60 PPM within 67 minutes will cause the warning
To replace the battery remove the detector from the mounting plate by rotating the
condition. Pushing the test button will silence the warning.
detector in the direction of the “OFF” arrow on the cover.
signal but the YELLOW L.E.D. will stay on. After two hours the warning signal will
sound again if the CO source has not been eliminated. If the condition persists there
The Model 9L-1 CO Detector uses one (1) 9-volt battery. The CO DETECTOR is pow-
is a possibility that it may cause the unit to enter alarm condition (below). If this occurs
ered by a 9V alkaline battery. A fresh battery should last for one year under normal
pushing the reset button will silence the alarm for 30 minutes.
operating conditions. This detector has a low battery monitor circuit which will cause
the detector to “chirp” and the red LED to flash approximately every 30-40 seconds
for a minimum of seven (7) days when the battery gets low. Replace the battery when
ALARM CONDITION
this condition occurs.
If the COSTAR senses unsafe levels of CO, the RED L.E.D. will light up and the alarm
will sound. The alarm condition will be signified by a repetitive alarm-sounding pattern
of approximately 4.5 seconds on 1.5 second off. Immediate evacuation is required.
E - 11
INTERIOR
USE ONLY THE FOLLOWING 9 VOLT BATTERIES FOR CO DETECTOR
SERVICE AND WARRANTY
REPLACEMENT.
If after reviewing this manual you feel that your CO Detector is defective in any way,
Alkaline type: EVEREADY522; DURACELL MN1604; GOLD PEAK 1604A
do not tamper with the unit. Return it for servicing to: Quantum Group, Inc., 11211
Lithium type: ULTRALIFE U9VL
Sorrento Valley Road, Suite Valley Road, Suite V. San Diego, CA 92121.
NOTE: REGULAR TESTING IS RECOMMENDED.
Or call us toll free (800) 432-5599
E-mail address: mktsls@qginc.com
WARNING: USE ONLY THE BATTERIES SPECIFIED. USE OF DIFFERENT
BATTERIES MAY HAVE A DETRIMENTAL EFFECT ON THE CO DETECTOR.
E
CLEANING YOUR DETECTOR:
To clean your detector remove it from the mounting bracket as outlined in the beginning of this section.
You can clean the interior of your detector by using your vacuum cleaner hose and
vacuuming through the openings around the perimeter of the detector. The outside can
be wiped with a damp cloth.
AFTER CLEANING, REINSTALL YOUR DETECTOR. TEST YOUR DETECTOR BY
USING THE TEST BUTTON.
Test detector weekly for proper operation by pushing the test button until the YELLOW
L.E.D. lights and a short beep is heard (approximately three seconds). Release the
button. The detector will then test itself for proper operation. At completion of the selftest, the alarm will sound and both L.E.D.s will light for 3/4 of a second. The detector
then resumes normal operation.
E - 12
PLUMBING
LIQUID PETROLEUM GAS (LPG)
appliances that light but have lower than normal flame or starve out from lack of gas,
a substantial reduction in the flame when another appliance is operating, or pilots that
FILL VALVE
are difficult to light. If this should happen, the following steps should eliminate the
condition:
Your trailer is equipped with LP tank fill valves called “RV Type I Acme” connection.
The large, green, nylon swivel nut is a right hand thread and is designed for hand
1. Close LP cylinder valve.
operation only.
2. Extinguish all flames and smoking materials
3. Be sure all gas appliances, including their pilot lights, are off.
F
The valve features an internal spring-loaded module that will not allow gas to flow from
4. Open LP cylinder valve slowly. DO NOT SNAP OPEN.
the cylinder until a positive seal has been made at the connection. The valve outlet
5. Wait at least 15 seconds before lighting appliances.
has 1-5/16” Acme threads on the outlet exterior and female POL, left-handed threads
6. If operational difficulties continue, there may be a leak in the system. Immediately
on its interior. This feature allows for connection of the new wrenchless, right-handed,
close the LP cylinder valve and have the system inspected by a qualified RV ser-
Acme RV connection and still accommodates the standard left-handed POL fittings
vice technician.
used for filling propane cylinders.
Again, make sure all appliances are off before opening propane cylinder valves.
The mating, green swivel nut and brass nipple also incorporates new features: the
Exception: when reconnecting a full cylinder to an auto changeover regulator
green nylon nut swivels on a black bushing that is heat sensitive. Between 240 degrees
it is not necessary to shut off the appliances or close the valve of the cylinder
F and 300 degrees F the bushing will yield (melt) allowing the spring-loaded module in
already in service.
the valve to push the brass nipple back (approximately 1/4”) closing the module and
stopping the flow of gas from the cylinder. Inside the brass nipple is a flow-limiting
WARNING: LEAKING LP GAS MAY IGNITE CAUSING A FIRE OR
device designed to sense excessive gas flow. If an excessive flow is sensed, the flow-
EXPLOSION WHICH COULD RESULT IN SERIOUS BODILY INJURY, PROPERTY
limiting device shuts the flow down to a maximum of 10 SCFH (Standard Cubic Feet
DAMAGE, OR DEATH.
per Hour) or less. This is also referred to as the by-pass flow.
How long a full tank of gas will last is dependent on usage. In cold weather, when you
By-pass flow is extremely important in the proper operation of this connection. The
are using the furnace, large amounts of hot water, and are doing extensive cooking,
flow-limiting device may activate if the cylinder valve is opened quickly. When all appli-
you will naturally use more than you will in warm weather when you may do limited
ances are off, the by-pass flow allows the pressure downstream from the flow-limiting
cooking. On the average, with normal cooking and other appliance use you can prob-
device to equalize. When pressure is equalized, the flow-limiting device will supply
ably count on two to three weeks of service from each tank.
normal flow to the system. Equalization occurs in approximately 5 seconds and in
most cases goes completely unnoticed. If, however, an appliance is left on or there
is a leak or open flow in the system, the by-pass pressure will not be able to equalize
and allow the flow-limiting device to re-open. Symptoms of this condition would be
F-1
PLUMBING
AUTOMATIC GAS REGULATOR
LPG BOTTLES
All models are equipped with an automatic
The following step-by-step procedure gives you the proper method of removing and
gas regulator. Both tanks are connected to
installing these bottles:
this regulator.
1. Rotate the black lever all the way over towards the reserve cylinder. The indicator
When the gas is turned on it is drawn from
will turn green and the reserve cylinder becomes the service cylinder. Now shut off
only one tank at a time. When the tank being
the cylinder valve on the empty cylinder.
used is depleted the regulator automatically
2. Disconnect the green swivel nut from the cylinder valve at the bottle to be removed.
switches to the full tank. An indicator in
(This fitting has a common right hand thread and turns in the same direction to most
the regulator knob points toward the tank
threaded fittings.)
3. Turn the large clamping “T”’ handle counterclockwise until the hold down bracket
that was being used to give you a visual
is loose enough to remove the bottle. If your trailer is equipped with a gas bottle
reminder when one tank is empty.
cover the “T”’ handle must be removed, and then remove the cover before removing the bottle.
Operation
DO NOT REMOVE THE CENTER HOLD DOWN ROD!
Make sure there is propane in both cylinders before you start. Rotate the black lever
To Install
on the top front side of the regulator toward the cylinder you want to use first. This will
be the “service” cylinder and the other will be the “reserve” cylinder. Slowly open both
1. Place the bottle in position on the “A” frame and bottle cross member so that it
tank valves completely, then close about 1/4 turn. This will allow you to easily check
rests on the upper collar of both bottles with the collar rims engaged in the grooves
to see if valves are open or closed. The indicator on the top of the regulator will turn
on the underside of the bracket. If your trailer is equipped with a gas bottle cover it
bright green. The indicator color will stay green as long as there is fuel coming from
should be positioned over the bottles next. Make sure the hold down rod projects
the service side. When the service cylinder empties, the regulator will start drawing
up through the hole in the shroud center bracket.
from the reserve cylinder providing an uninterrupted fuel flow to the system. When it
2. Replace the “T” handle and tighten down until the bottles are held firmly in place.
switches over, the indicator color changes from green to red. This red color indicates
3. Hand-tighten the green nylon swivel nut onto the tank valve outlet.
that the service cylinder is empty and needs to be filled.
4. Turn on gas shut off valves and test all fittings with a soap suds or detergent solution
and watch for bubbles.
Now disconnect the cylinder and have it refilled. After filling, reconnect the pig- tail and
slowly open the cylinder valve. The full cylinder now becomes the reserve.
F-2
F
PLUMBING
LIQUID PETROLEUM GAS (LPG)
WARNING: Use only the gas bottles furnished with your trailer. If reWARNING: LP gas regulators must always be installed with the dia-
placement is required it must be a bottle of the same size and design.
phragm vent facing downward. Regulators that are not in compartments have
been equipped with a protective cover. Make sure that regulator vent faces
WARNING: The vent at the bottom of the regulator must be kept free of
downward and that cover is kept in place to minimize vent blockage, which could
any obstructions and must be pointed downward. A good habit is to check the
result in excessive gas pressure causing fire or explosion.
vent each time a bottle is removed for filling. It is especially important to check
the vent if the trailer has not been used regularly.
CAUTION: The LPG bottles are securely mounted on the front “A” frame of your
trailer. If these bottles must be removed for service or replacement it is important
Twice a year, or after a long storage period, we suggest you take your unit in for a
that they be reinstalled correctly in order to prevent any possibility of their falling
checkup and cleaning of the gas operated appliances.
off or becoming dislodged during travel.
F
WARNING: Your LP tanks must be filled as directed by the tank manufacturer. Instructions are located on a decal near the fill valve. The decal must
not be defaced.
WARNING: Your LP tank must be, and can only be, placed in the proper
position when remounting on the front of the trailer. In any other position the
base of the tank will not fit into the recess.
F-3
PLUMBING
LIQUID PETROLEUM GAS (LPG)
WARNING: A warning label has been located near the LP gas containBASIC RULES FOR SAFETY
er. This label reads: DO NOT FILL CONTAINER (S) TO MORE THAN 80 PERCENT
OF CAPACITY.
WARNING: Do not store LP containers within a vehicle. LP containers
Overfilling the LP gas container can result in uncontrolled gas flow, which can
are equipped with safety devices that vent gas should the pressure become
cause fire or explosion. A properly filled container will contain approximately 80
excessive.
percent of its volume as liquid LP gas.
WARNING: Do not use cooking appliances for comfort heating. Cooking
appliances need fresh air for safe operation. Before operation open an overhead
WARNING: Do not bring or store LP gas containers, gasoline or other
vent or turn on an exhaust fan and open a window.
flammable liquids inside the vehicle because a fire or explosion may result.
A warning label has been located in the cooking area to remind you to provide
an adequate supply of fresh air for combustion. Unlike homes, the amount of
WARNING: IF YOU SMELL GAS:
oxygen supply is limited due to the size of the recreational vehicle; and, proper
ventilation when using the cooking appliances will avoid dangers of asphyxia-
1. Extinguish any open flames, pilot lights and all smoking materials.
tion. It is especially important that cooking appliances not be used for comfort
heating as the danger of asphyxiation is greater when the appliance is used for
2. Do not touch electrical switches.
long periods of time.
3. Shut off the gas supply at the tank valve(s) or gas supply connection
WARNING: Portable fuel burning equipment, including wood and charcoal grills and stoves, shall not be used inside the recreational vehicle. The use of
4. Open doors and other ventilating openings.
this equipment inside the recreational vehicle may cause fires or asphyxiation.
5. Leave the area until odor clears.
6. Have the gas system checked and leakage source corrected before
using again.
F-4
F
PLUMBING
WATER SYSTEM-SELF CONTAINED
25 ft. sleep six are in the curbside wardrobe.
Fill the water tank by opening the exterior access door and remove screw cap. A
garden hose can now be inserted. It’s a good idea to let the water run through the hose
28 ft. are in the bottom of the re-
for a short time to flush it out. Experienced RVers usually fill their tanks with “home”
frigerator cabinet, accessed by the
water to avoid strange water that may be distasteful to them.
lower removable cabinet panel.
The amount of water in the tank may be checked on the Monitor Panel, or you may fill
The 16 ft. and 19 ft. are located
the tank until water overflows out of the fill.
under the roadside dinette seat. Lift
cushion to reveal access panel.
Open the hot side of the galley or lavatory faucet and turn on the water pump switch
F
located on the monitor panel. For some time the open faucet will only sputter. This is
To clean strainer screen, first remove
because the water heater is being filled and air is being pushed out through the lines.
inlet connection from the pump side
of strainer. This will allow the intake
Once the water heater is full, a steady stream of water will come from the faucet. Now
side of the strainer to be rotated
open a cold faucet. It will sputter for a short time, but will soon expel a steady stream.
about 1/8 turn counter clockwise
All other faucets can now be opened until all air is expelled.
and be removed. The screen part of
the strainer will now be accessible
Once the system is filled with water and the faucets closed, the water pump will shut
for cleaning.
off. When a faucet is opened the pump will come back on automatically. If the faucet is
just barely open it is normal for the pump to cycle on and off rapidly.
When reassembling only rotate the inlet side of the strainer until the stops are felt. The
“O” ring performs sealing and too much pressure will only break the strainer.
CAUTION: The water pump must be turned off when hooked up to city water
supply and when you leave your Airstream unattended.
LUBRICATION
WATER PUMP AND STRAINER
If the lubricant appears dried out it should be wiped off the bearing assemblies. A
Water pump and strainer are located:
small amount of automotive wheel bearing grease should be applied to both sides of
each bearing.
22 ft. is located below the range. Open the galley door just below the range and remove
CAUTION: Do not remove the stainless steel screens. These filter screens
the cabinet back panel for access.
should be cleaned without removing them from the plastic housing.
F-5
PLUMBING
FRESH WAYER TANK SANITIZING
Note: The sanitizing procedure outlined above is in conformance with the approved
procedures of RVIA ANSI Al19.2 and the U.S. Public Health Service.
Potable water systems require periodic maintenance to deliver a consistent flow of
fresh water. Depending on use and the environment the system is subject to, sanitizing
Note: Two petcocks, located on the tank pans under the trailer just in front of the
is recommended prior to storing and before using the water system after a period of
wheels on the roadside are the low point drains for the hot and cold water lines. A large
storage. Systems with new components, or ones that have been subjected to con-
valve located on the side of the tank pan on the 22 ft, 25 ft, and 28 ft. will drain the fresh
tamination, should also be disinfected as follows:
water tank sufficiently for most purposes. The 16 ft. and 19 ft. fresh water tank drain
valve is located under the roadside dinette beside the water tank.
1. Use one of the following methods to determine the amount of common household
bleach needed to sanitize the tank.
A)
Multiply “gallons of tank capacity” by 0.13; the result is the ounces of bleach
needed to sanitize the tank.
B)
F
Multiply “Liters of tank capacity” by 1.0; the result is the milliliters of bleach
needed to sanitize the tank.
2. Mix into solution the proper amount of bleach within a container of water.
3. Pour the solution (water/bleach) into the tank and fill the tank with potable water.
4. Open all faucets (Hot & Cold) allowing the water to run until the distinct odor of
chlorine is detected.
5. The standard solution must have four (4) hours of contact time to disinfect completely. If you double the solution, this concentration allows for contact time of one
(1) hour.
6. When the contact time is completed, drain the tank. Refill with potable water and
purge the plumbing of all sanitizing solution.
F-6
PLUMBING
CAUTION: Hydrogen gas can be produced in a hot water system served by this
CITY WATER HOOK-UP
heater that has not been used for a long period of time (generally two weeks or
The city water hook-up is found on the side of the trailer.
more). Hydrogen gas is extremely flammable. To reduce the risk of injury under
these conditions, it is recommended that the hot water faucet he opened for sev-
Use a high-pressure hose of at least 1/2” diam-
eral minutes at the kitchen sink before using any electrical appliance connected
eter. It should be one that is tasteless, odorless
to the hot water system. If hydrogen is present there will probably be an unusual
and non-toxic designed for RV use. The city water
sound such as air escaping through the pipe as the water begins to flow. There
inlet is a standard garden hose thread. We sug-
should be no smoking or open flame near the faucet at the time it is open.
gest you carry two lengths of hose. This way you
have the ability to reach hookups further away
Your plumbing system has a built in pressure regulator to protect your lines and faucets
than normal, plus you have a spare hose should
from extremely high pressures on some city water systems.
one fail or become damaged unexpectedly.
F
After hooking up the hose and turning on the city water valve provided in the park,
slowly open a faucet. There will be a lot of spurts and sputtering until all the air is
expelled from the trailer system. If the water heater and fresh water lines are empty it
will take some time before all the air is expelled and you get a steady flow of water at
the faucet. Once a steady flow is achieved at one faucet the others should be opened
long enough to expel the air in the lines going to them.
F-7
PLUMBING
Be sure to read and follow usage instructions enclosed any scour pad or scrub sponge
GALLEY FAUCET
before use.
MODEL 67315C
•
CAUTION: Do not use pads or sponges that specifically do not recommend use for cleaning polished services.
Manufacturer:
•
CAUTION: Many pads or sponges with green fibrous surface (such as
United States
Canada
Moen Incorporated
Moen Inc.
Scotch-Brite™ heavy duty scrub sponges) contain microscopic mineral
25300 Al Moen Drive
2816 Bristol Circle
particles that can scratch nearly all polished services, including this faucet
North Olmstead, OH. 44070-8022
Oakville, Ontario L6H5s7
finish.
www.moen.com
The LifeShine™ finish can be cleaned with most household cleaners (including mild
abrasives), when used according to their manufacturers instructions for use.
For US customer service, warranty, and a local parts outlets contact Moen at 1-800BUY-MOEN (289-6636).
•
Rinse any strong cleaners off immediately after used to maintain the
LifeShine™ finish luster.
For Canadian service contact: Toronto 905-829-3400,
Rest of Canada 1-800-465-6130
Mild scrubbing with fine steel wool (0000 grade) can remove build up dirt or water
Care Instructions
stains.
As with any fine polished surface, your faucet will retain its shine for years to come with
Visible water spots on this highly lustrous and reflective finish can be easily wiped off
proper care. The LifeShine™ finish on the faucet does not require the extraordinary
with a cloth dampened with water or with glass cleaner.
work needed to maintain most fine polished brass finishes.
F-8
F
PLUMBING
DRAIN VALVES
To Empty Fresh Water Tank
The hot and cold water line low point drain valves on the 22 ft, 25 ft. and 28 ft. are
On the 22 ft, 25 ft, and 28 ft. models, the large valve next to the low point drain
located on exterior of the coach for easier access. If you look under the trailer, you will
petcocks under the trailer drains the water fresh tank. The water tank drain valve on
see a “box” that is a few inches lower than the trailer frame. This “box” or pan supports
the 16 ft. and 19 ft. model is located under the roadside dinette seat; remove the
a water tank. The line drain valves will be the two brass petcocks on the bottom of
cushions to access panel. Pumping the water out with the self-contained water pump
the pan.
also empties the fresh water tank. Simply turn on the pump switch and open a couple
of faucets until the water will no longer comes out.
The 19 ft. line drain valves are located in two different places. Two are located under
F
the rear bed and access has been provided in the bed top under the mattress. (If you
On the 22 ft, 25 ft, and 28 ft. models, an additional 1 ¼” drain plug is located on the
are long and lanky, they can be reached through the exterior storage compartment.)
bottom of the tank inside the galvanized “box”. The plug is accessible by removing
The other two line drain valves are located under the roadside dinette seat. Remove
an inspection plate close to the petcock that can be seen on the bottom of the tank
the cushions to access a removable panel in the lounge top.
support pan. There may be a little Styrofoam insulation covering the plug that should
be carefully removed and replaced.
The 16 ft model has two drain valves that are located under the roadside dinette seat.
Note: For winterizing purposes, only the large tank drain valve needs to be opened to
Remove the cushions to access a removable panel in the lounge top.
drain the fresh water tank.
Open these low points drain valves and use the hitch jack to raise and lower the trailer
Water Heater Draining
front end to drain the water out of the hot and cold water lines.
All models have a drain plug or petcock on the water heater. Access is from the exterior. The plug or valve is usually located in the lower left corner, viewed as you face the
exterior of the water heater.
TOILET SHUTOFF VALVE
Your Airstream has one other water shutoff valve. It is located behind the toilet and
used to shut water off to the toilet in an emergency or service situation.
F-9
PLUMBING
WINTERIZING AND STORAGE
5. Turn the pump switch OFF after all water has been removed from the storage tank.
When storing your trailer for short or long periods use the same precautions as you
6. Remove outlet hose from water pump.
would in your own home in regard to perishables, ventilation and rain protection. In
addition, for prolonged storage periods flush out all the drain lines and the holding
7. Disconnect the water pump inlet connection and turn the pump on until all the water
tanks. Also drain the entire water system including the water heater and the water
is expelled. This water, about ½ cup, can be caught in a towel or rag.
storage tank. Instructions for draining the water system are explained in the following
paragraphs on winterizing.
8. Lower the front of the trailer as far as the jack will allow until water ceases to drain,
then raise the jack up as high as it will go and let any remaining water drain out.
THE MAIN CONSIDERATION IN WINTERIZING IS TO GUARD AGAINST FREEZING
DAMAGE TO THE HOT AND COLD WATER SYSTEMS, THE WASTE DRAIN SYSTEM
9. After the water has stopped running from the drain lines, apply at least 60 lbs, of
(INCLUDING THE TRAPS), AND THE WATER HOLDING TANKS, THE WATER HEATER,
air pressure at the city water inlet. An air to city water adapter is available from your
AND THE BATTERY.
dealer’s RV accessory store. Be sure the toilet valve and all drain valves and faucets
are open and pump outlet hose is disconnected. This can be accomplished at a
To completely winterize your trailer follow this procedure.
service station and will force any remaining water from the water heater and remove
any water which may be trapped in low areas.
1. Level the trailer from side to side and front to rear. Open all faucets
10. Pour a cup of *approved non-toxic RV antifreeze into the lavatory, sink and tub
2. Turn the water pump switch to the ON position to expel water from the storage tank
drains to prevent trap freeze-up.
or open the fresh water tank drain valve.
*Approved and listed by a recognized testing authority such as UL (Underwriter Lab).
3. Open all low point water drain valves including drain plug or valve on water heater
(See drain valves on previous page).
11. Be sure to open the waste holding tank drain valves and drain and flush the
tanks thoroughly (THIS IS VERY IMPORTANT AS THE SEWAGE IN THE TANKS, IF
4. While the water is draining from the system, open and flush the toilet-flushing valve.
FROZEN, COULD SERIOUSLY DAMAGE THE TANKS.)
Depress hand spray lever while holding the spray head down inside the bowl.
Depress hand spray thumb button on the telephone showerhead while holding
12. Remove the cartridge of the water purifier and leave the purifier valve in the open
down inside the tub and drain all water from the flexible hose. Unscrew the heads
position. (If so equipped.)
on both spray units and store.
13. Remove the battery from your trailer and store in a cool dry place where there is
no danger of freezing. It is very important for optimum life of a battery to check it
periodically and to keep it fully charged.
F - 10
F
PLUMBING
Water heater by-pass valves location:
14. Remove any items (food, cosmetics, etc.) from trailer interior that might be damaged by freezing - or might damage the trailer if containers break.
16 ft. and 22 ft. unit are under the roadside wardrobe hinged bottom shelf.
For additional winterizing protection add a non-toxic antifreeze (approved for drinking
19 Ft. Bambi- under the bed on the roadside through a hole cut in the bed top.
water system) to the water lines using the following procedure.
25 Ft. Sleep six is through the curbside rear exterior access door.
28 Ft. unit are under the roadside wardrobe, remove front panel for access.
1. Reconnect all lines except the hose to the pump inlet port. Close all drain valves.
Normal flow position is: shut off valve B - open valves A and C. In some models the
valves may be in a horizontal pattern or on top of the heater, rather than the vertical
2. Turn water heater by-pass valves to the by-pass position. See Shut off Valves expla-
shown in the illustration. Valve operating sequence will be the same. Open valve B and
nation in this section.
close valves A and C to by-pass filling the water heater for winterizing. Valves may be
on top of water heater
3. Attach a length of hose to the pump inlet port. This piece of hose should be long
enough for the free end to be inserted into and reach the bottom of the antifreeze
F
container.
4. Dilute the antifreeze solution in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
5. Open all water faucets.
6. Insert hose length into the antifreeze container, turn the pump switch on, and run the
water pump until the antifreeze solution fills all water lines. Flush toilet. Work hand
shower spray while holding down in tub.
7. Shut off the pump and close all faucets.
8. Disconnect the hose length from pump inlet fitting and reconnect water system
inlet line.
F - 11
PLUMBING
DRAIN AND WASTE SYSTEM
dumping station. For complete instructions on this panel see section G.
Your trailer has a drain and waste system that includes waste-holding tanks made from
molded plastic, free from corrosion problems, with trouble-free dump valves.
Emptying Tanks
The MAIN (BLACK) HOLDING TANK enables you to use the toilet for several days away
from disposal facilities. The wastewater from the sink, shower, bath and lavatory drains
Almost all campgrounds will have dumping facilities. Park directories such as Woodalls
in the AUXILIARY (GRAY) HOLDING TANK except for the 28’ models which has the
and Rand McNally also list dumping stations.
lavatory sink hooked to the black tank. Each tank has its own dump valve, however,
both tanks drain through a common outlet. Therefore, you need to make only one
To empty one or both tanks attach the sewer hose by pressing the bayonet fitting onto
connection when hooking up in a trailer park with sewer facilities.
the dump valve outlet and rotate clockwise until it feels solid and secure. Attach the
outlet end of the hose to the sewage outlet; making sure that the hose is placed so it
NOTE: The 16’ model has a Black/Gray Combination tank. All waste water and black
will drain completely.
waterdrains to this tank.
Pull the dump valve handle as far as it will go and wait until the tank is drained. When
CAUTION: Never put wet strength paper towels or tissues in your holding tank
dumping, the main holding tank should be dumped first; then the auxiliary holding
since they won’t dissolve and can “catch” in the mechanism of the dump valve.
tank. This will help to rinse out the sewer line with auxiliary holding tank water.
Colored toilet tissue is slower to dissolve than white. Most RV accessory stores
offer tissue designed for RVs that will completely dissolve.
The main holding tank must be flushed out until all paper and waste material is removed. Close the dump valve and refill the tank with clean water and repeat until
Deodorizers
clean. Replace the cap prior to traveling.
There are many deodorizers on the market in tablet, liquid and powder form. These
not only combat odor, but also stimulate the bacteria that works to dissolve the solids
in your tank.
Monitor Panel
Check your monitor panel frequently. When the MAIN HOLDING TANK, (BLACK) is
completely full, sewage cannot be emptied from the toilet bowl. If the AUXILIARY
HOLDING TANK (GREY) is overfilled, drain water will “backup” into the tub and cause
an unpleasant cleaning job. Never drain the tanks at any place other than an approved
F - 12
F
PLUMBING
When Parked and Connected to Sewer Outlet
BLACK TANK FLUSH
When you are in a park and connected to a sewer outlet keep the main holding
Selected trailer models have a water hose connector marked “black tank flush”. To
tank dump valve closed, and empty the tank every few days or whenever it be-
use, hook up a hose and turn on full force. Within the tank a spray head with a multiple
comes almost full. ONLY BY SENDING A LARGE VOLUME OF LIQUID THROUGH
holed head will spray the interior surface of the tank. The vacuum breaker and check
THE MAIN HOLDING TANK AT A TIME WILL TOILET PAPER AND OTHER SOLIDS
valve will be located inside the trailer above the exterior connection.
COMPLETELY WASH AWAY.
The gate valve should be closed for the first couple of minutes, and then opened to let
This practice will avoid the accumulation of solids in the main holding tank, which
the water out in a rush. Repeat as needed.
could lead to an unpleasant cleaning job. Should solids accumulate, close the dump
valve; fill the tank about half full with water, then tow the trailer for a few miles. The
turbulence and surging of the water will usually dissolve the solids into suspension
so the tank can be drained. Keep the auxiliary tank valve open when connected to
F
a sewer outlet.
Draining the tanks as described will protect them from freezing during storage. When
traveling in sub-freezing temperatures use a winterizing solution designed for RV
use. Follow the directions on the container.
Drain Systems Cleaning
The only cleaning agents that can be used without causing harm to the system are
household ammonia and tri-sodium phosphate in small quantities. Do not use any
product that contains any portion of petroleum distillates. This attacks the rubber
seats of your toilet and dump valve. Also, do not use any dish detergent or abrasive
cleaners. All products should be marked approved for ABS drainage systems.
When winterizing drains use only trailer plumbing system type antifreeze. These are
sold through your dealer.
F - 13
PLUMBING
TOILET
Manufacturer:
Sealand Technology
13128 State Route 226
P.O. Box 38
Big Prairie, Ohio. 44611
Phone: 1-800-321-9866
The RV toilet in your Airstream is a design that has been used for many years.
In normal use simply depress the pedal and this dumps the sewage while fresh water
flushes down the side of the bowl. Water will continue to run into the bowl for a short
time after the pedal is released.
F
CAUTION: When you dump the bowl of the toilet make sure all paper and solids
have cleared the mechanism before you allow it to close. Failure to do so can
cause the mechanism to become jammed and it will no longer close completely.
The Owner’s Manual supplied with the toilet has several maintenance and cleaning
instructions. Please read and follow all instructions.
F - 14
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
12 VOLT OPERATION
BATTERY DISCONNECT SWITCH
The major portion of electrical power in your Airstream is 12-volt. The 12-volt cur-
The disconnect switch is used to separate the battery from the 12-volt distribution
rent powers the fans, furnaces, water pump, and water heater ignition. The exception
panel and converter charging system.
would be the air conditioner and microwave oven.
When the switch is turned “use” (on) and the trailer is plugged into a 110-volt shoreAll 12-volt current comes through the battery system in the front of your trailer. The
line, the 12-volt distribution panel will receive power from the converter and the battery
battery is accessible in the battery box on the A-frame of your trailer. Power from the
will be charged through the converter charging system.
battery goes to a set of four Type 2 thermal breakers located under the front bed and
riveted to the inside skin front plate. The breakers are ties together by a brass bus
When the switch is turned to “store” (off) and the trailer is plugged into a 110-volt
bar. One breaker (30 Amp.) protects the 12-volt tow vehicle charge line coming from
shoreline, the 12-volt distribution panel will still receive power from the converter, but
the 7-way cord. Another breaker (20 Amp.) feeds the trailer brakes breakaway switch
the battery is disconnected from the system. The battery will not be drained with the
located near the hitch coupler. A 50 amp. breaker feeds the Battery Disconnect relay.
switch in the store position. The converter will not charge the battery with the switch
The current leaves the relay and goes to the 12-volt distribution panel located in the
in this position.
converter and then to the rest of the trailer. Open the brown decorative door on the
G
front of the converter under the dinette to access the panel and its fuses. A 12-volt
The charge in the 12-volt batteries is replenished when towing from the tow vehicle
layout diagram is shown later in this section.
alternator through the 7-way cord. This charge will go to the battery no matter which
position the Battery Disconnect Switch is in.
G-1
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
BATTERY
WARNING: Before inspecting or servicing storage battery, read and
The terminals should be tight and free of corrosion. To clean terminals, neutralize with
follow battery manufacturers cautions and directions.
a solution of baking soda, rinse in clear water, and dry.
CAUTION:
Note: Care must be used to make sure soda is not allowed to enter battery cells.
A normal battery can discharge by itself in 30 to 40 days when not
in use, therefore, IT IS NECESSARY TO PERIODICALLY CHECK THE BATTERY
AND CHARGE IT AS IS NECESSARY.
To insure maximum battery capacity on the charge and the discharge, the battery terminals and the inside portion of the cable connector should be scraped
We suggest checking the battery at least every two weeks in freezing weather. The
or brushed until both of these surfaces are shiny bright. The cable connectors
temperature at which a battery will freeze depends on the condition of its charge. As
should then be reconnected to the battery and tightened. The complete assem-
an example: a fully charged battery with a specific gravity of 1.265 will not freeze until
bly, battery post and cable connector should be coated with heavy body mineral
the electrolyte temperature drops to - 71.3 degrees F, while a discharged battery will
grease, petroleum grease or petroleum jell.
freeze at +19 degrees F. The following table shows the freezing points of batteries at
CAUTION: RECONNECT THE BATTERY CABLES TO THE CORRECT BATTERY
various specific gravity readings, temperature corrected 80 degrees F.
POSTS. The black cable should be connected to the negative (-) post and the red
1.265
-71.3 F
cable to the (+) post. The polarity of your tow vehicle must also be negative (-) ground
1.250
-62 F
since it must always match the trailer. Most tow vehicles are negative grounded, but
1.200
-16 F
1.100
+5 F
1.150
+19 F
always check your vehicle owner’s manual to be sure.
ADD WATER TO CELLS AS NECESSARY. Check the electrolyte level at least once a
month. When you are traveling steadily and for an extended period of time, or if you are
in climates above 90 degrees F, check the electrolyte level about every two weeks.
Do not add water to a battery in freezing temperatures unless the vehicle will be put to
use at once, otherwise the added water may freeze. Neglect is expensive. Care costs
CAUTION: Do not fill battery above the split ring in filler opening. DO NOT
little. Check your batteries regularly.
MEASURE SPECIFIC GRAVITY IMMEDIATELY after adding water. The water must
mix with the electrolyte by charging or by driving a few miles.
MAINTAIN A CLEAN BATTERY TOP AND CHECK TERMINALS AND CABLES FOR
TIGHTNESS AND CLEANLINESS. A dirty battery will dissipate its charge through
surface contamination. Clean battery top with a damp cloth and dry thoroughly.
G-2
G
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
At service stations make certain they give your battery a slow charge because quick
Some situations, which may indicate a need for battery replacement, are:
charges will drastically shorten the life of the battery, as will allowing repeated com1. Loss of more water in one cell than others.
plete discharges.
2. Continuous loss of water in all cells-perhaps accompanied by overheating or ex-
POWER CENTER (Converter, 12-Volt Distribution, 110Volt Distribution)
MagneTec 7355
treme gassing and bubbling.
3. A marked difference in the specific gravity reading between cells.
Manufacturer:
WARNING: The gases generated within a storage battery cell may be
MagneTec
ignited by an open flame or spark in the vicinity of the battery. Do not use a match
102 North Main Street
or flame to provide light for checking the level of the water.
Goodland, Indiana 47948
Phone: (800) 443 4859
During the winter the battery should be removed from the trailer and stored in a cool,
Fax: (219) 297 2305
dry place, where there is no danger of freezing. It should be kept full of water, cleaned
G
and charged monthly. A battery that is allowed to completely lose its charge will never
The converter/charging system is the interior low voltage electrical system that enables
regain its original power or a full charge.
you to use the interior lights, fans, pumps and 12-volt appliances whether operating
on self-contained battery power or 120-volt city power. The 12-volt light bulbs give off
Remove the battery from its container.
the same light as regular household bulbs, so that when operating on self-contained
battery power, everything works normally except the 110-volt convenience outlets and
For battery service or replacement, go to any service station or dealer who sells and
110-volt appliances. The converter system is designed to maintain constant output
services the make battery installed in your trailer.
voltages regardless of the variances that occur in city power systems.
When being towed, the 12-volt battery in your trailer is receiving a constant charge
from the vehicle’s generator or alternator through the seven-way connector.
Your tow vehicle’s voltage regulator controls the charge rate. It is important to keep the
seven-way connector clean. One method is to use “Spra-Kleen”.
Whenever possible use the automatic built in charge of the converter system for charging. The charging circuit automatically controls the current, reducing it as the battery
increases in charge.
G-3
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
12V POWER CIRCUITS
CONVERTER OPERATION
The current in the converter system is 12 volts direct current (12VDC) negative
The MagneTec 7300 series electronic power converter is designed to supply the
grounded.
nominal 12-volt filtered D.C. power for all 12 volt operated devices encountered in RV
service. Although the converter is an excellent battery charger, the converter does not
Power sources that supply 12VDC current to the system are as follows:
require a battery to be connected to it for proper operation.
CAUTION: When installing a battery (s) always observe polarity. Connecting a bat-
A.
Main charge line from tow vehicle
B.
Trailer Battery
D.C. distribution fuse block.
C.
Converter
120 VOLT AC PANEL BOARD
tery reverse polarity will blow the power converter main fuses located on the 12 volt
The power sources above are all electrically connected to the 12-volt distribution fuse
The AC panel board section of the series 7300 is located behind the decorative door
panel that distributes current to interior branch circuits. The circuits provide power to
in the upper left-hand corner. This panel contains the 120 Vac branch circuit breakers
operate all 12-volt DC lights, pumps, motors and appliances.
for your RV. One of the breakers controls the 120 volt power to the 12 volt converter
section located in the lower half of the 7300. This breaker may also control another
The 7300 series power converter is a solid-state electronic power supply and is main-
branch circuit. Check the label next to each breaker for what each branch circuit
tenance free. It is so self-sufficient and quiet that you will probably not know it is
breaker controls.
working except for the fact that your batteries are always charged, and your 12-volt
lights and appliances always work. If any 12-volt appliance fails to operate, first check
The 120 volt circuits may be turned “on” my putting their breaker handle up to the on
your recreational vehicles 12-volt distribution fuse block located behind the decorative
position or “off” by flipping the handle down to the off position. To reset the tripped
front door in the front right hand corner of the converter and inspect all fuses. If a fuse
breaker move handle to off then on.
is opened or blown replace it with the same size fuse (never install a larger use). If
CONVERTER COOLING SYSTEM
the fuse opens again, have an electrician or certified RV technician locate the circuit
trouble. Replace blown fuses with Littefuse type 257 fuses only.
The 7300 electronic fan cooling system is the key to long life and trouble-free operaIf the 7300 series power converter is not working, first confirm the RV supply or shore-
tion. The fan is never on more than required to cool electronic components in the
line cord is plugged into a live circuit. Then check all the 120-volt breakers in your
converter. You may never hear the fan operate.
RV distribution panel to make sure they are on. If the breaker is tripped, follow the
instructions to reset the breakers. If the breaker trips again, consult an electrician or
certified RV technician.
G-4
G
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
12-VOLT INTERIOR
Distribution Panel, USA
The low voltage distribution panel is located in the MagneTec Series 7300 Series
Power Center. Open the brown door to access the panel.
All circuits are labeled on the 12-volt fuse panel.
GLASS MATT BATTERIES (Optional w/Solar panel Charging System)
In AGM sealed batteries, the acid is absorbed between the plates and immobilized
by a very fine fiberglass mat. No silica gel is necessary. This glass mat absorbs and
immobilizes the acid while still keeping the acid available to the plates. This allows a
fast reaction between acid and plate material.
G
Battery Maintenance is an important issue. The battery should be cleaned using a
baking soda and water mix; a couple of table spoons to a pint of water. Cable connection needs to be clean and tightened. regularly.
G-5
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
TV ANTENNA
Checking Operation
Manufacturer:
1. Tune TV receiver to nearest station and rotate an-
Winegard Company
3000 Kirkwood Street
tenna for best picture and sound.
2. Turn off switch on power supply. Picture on TV
Burlington, Iowa 52601
receiver should be considerably degraded with the
Phone: 800-843-4741
power off.
Raising Antenna to Operating Position
DO’S
Turn elevating crank in “UP” direction until some resistance to turning is noted. Antenna is now in operating
position. Check to make sure switch on front TV jack
is on.
1. Do check parking location for obstructions before
raising antenna.
2. Do carefully raise, lower and rotate - if difficult, check
for cause.
Rotating Antenna
3. Do rotate slowly when selecting station and check
fine-tuning on TV set to make sure it is properly
Make sure antenna is in “UP” position. Pull down on
directional handle with both hands until it disengages
adjusted.
4. Do lower antenna before moving vehicle.
ceiling plate and rotate for best picture and sound on
television set.
DON’TS
1. Don’t force elevating crank up or down. Check for
Lowering Antenna to Travel Position
cause of trouble.
2. Don’t rotate directional handle hard against stops.
Rotate antenna until pointer on directional handle
3. Don’t travel with lift in up position.
aligns with pointer on ceiling plate.
4. Don’t leave lift part way up or down.
5. Don’t apply sealing compound or paint over top of
WARNING: Antenna must be in “down”
base plate or anywhere on lift.
position while traveling to prevent damage.
Turn elevating crank in the “Down” direction until resistance is noted. Antenna is now locked in travel position.
G-6
G
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Maintenance
Lubrication
To lubricate the elevating gear apply a liberal amount of silicone spray lubricant to the
elevating gear with the lift in the down position, then run the lift up and down a few
times to distribute lubricant over gears.
Lubricating Rotating Gear Housing
In the event that rotating the antenna becomes difficult, lubricating the bearing surface
between the rotating gear housing and the base plate can restore normal operation.
Any spray type silicone lubricant may be used.
Elevate antenna and remove setscrew from rotating gear housing as shown. Spray lu-
G
bricant into hole and around edges of gear housing. Rotate gear housing until lubricant
coats bearing surfaces and antenna rotates freely.
G-7
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
SATELLITE ANTENNA WIRING (This option is not available on the
16 ft. model.)
If you compare the two previous drawings you’ll see wiring for a
satellite dish antenna is relatively simple.
Units have a faceplate with two coax cable hook-ups. It is located
on the roadside bedroom wall in the 19 ft. model, above the desk
on the 22 FT. model, on the roadside wall forward of the refrigerator
on the 25 ft. sleep six, and under the dinette table on the 28 ft. This
option is not available on the 16 ft. model The faceplate has a small
coax cable jumper running between the hook-ups to complete the
cable TV circuit when in use.
To install a satellite system use the following procedure:
1. Remove the jumper wire from the coax faceplate.
2. Hook a portable dish into the Cable TV receptacle in the roadside
rear underbelly compartment. This feeds the dish signal to the
input side of the faceplate.
3. Install the satellite receiver input and output into the dual coax
faceplate.
To return to a cable TV system, remove the satellite receiver from
the faceplate and reinstall the jumper cable.
G-8
G
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
SOLAR PANEL PRE-WIRE
Airstream
Travel
Trailers
are
pre-wired
for
bar area to a harness inside the exterior refrigerator
panel by routing the proper size hole. The Cat 5 wire is
access door. The battery buss bar is located under the
plugged into the display panel.
an
roadside front dinette seat on the and 19 ft. model, under
Intermountain Solar Technology Solar Panel/Charge
the bed on a 22 ft, and under the sofa on the 25 ft. sleep
CAUTION: The Yellow wire must be fused with a
Controller/Display System. This system may be in-
six and 28 ft. Battery cables will run to this bar. Roof
10-amp in-line fuse at the 12-volt positive.
stalled on your trailer as an option. A manual on the use
mounted panels require dropping the panel wires down
of the system is included with the Airstream Owner’s
through the refrigerator vent to the inside of the exterior
Blue Delivery Case.
refrigerator access door. Portable solar panels can be
NOTE: All wires are identified with labels at all locations.
set outside close to the access door. The wires from the
The Intermountain solar panel has charge controller
Intermountain Solar Technologies
solar panel are connected to the positive and negative
that should be mounted close to the battery buss bars
10288 South Jordan Gateway #D
wires (yellow and green) of the pre-wire system.
as the battery leads are hooked into it to sense the
South Jordan, UT 84095
800-671-0169
actual battery charge. The Cat 5 wire plugs into it also.
2. A Cat 5 patch cord for the solar panel display
runs from the battery buss bar to an area just below
The following drawing is the way Airstream wires the
1. YELLOW (like the sun) positive and GREEN (like the
the CatCon monitor display. The solar panel display
system on factory installed units and is the recom-
earth) negative leads runs from battery breaker buss
panel can be mounted just below the CatCon monitor
mended wiring for use of the pre-wire system.
G
This option is not available
on the 16 ft. model.
G-9
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
BATHROOM EXHAUST FAN
Open the bath cover by pushing up on the handle. Press the switch to run the fan
The MicroPulse System makes use of a single solid-state sensor per tank. The
MicroPulse sensor measures the static (head) pressure at the bottom of the tank and
MONITOR PANEL
transmits this information to the MicroPulse System Monitor. Knowing this pressure
value, after a one-time calibration has been performed, the MicroPulse System will
Micropulse Systems Monitor
calculate and accurately display the tank level in 1/8 increment.
CATCON PRODUCTS INC.
817-921-2188
A single sensor is installed on the sidewall of each tank, near the bottom, via a 3/4”
techsupport@catconproducts.com
female NPT spin-in thread. The sensor is solid state, there are no moving parts to wear
or maintain. Because the principle of operation does not involve any electrical current
flow through the tanks contents (conducted or induced), the nature of the fluid in the
tank is unimportant.
The monitor system has been calibrated at the factory and should never need another
calibration. If you feel the system is not operating correctly, please contact CATCON
Products or a local Airstream dealer. The following instructions are provided for qualified service technicians.
G - 10
G
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
NORMAL OPERATION
TO OBTAIN EXACT READING
The MicroPulse Monitor will display the condition of
To obtain an exact reading of all systems press and
This example shows the monitor reporting the
each system at all times. The tri-color LED beside the
release the status button one time. The monitor will
following:
system will indicate the condition of the system using
flash the LED beside the system it is about to report. It
the following color code.
will than display the exact condition of that system by
MICROPULSE SYSTEMS MONITOR OPERATION
INSTRUCTIONS
lighting the bar graph from Empty to Full. The monitor
Fresh Water = 7/8 to Full
Gray Water 1 = Empty to 5/8
Fresh Water and Battery are as follows:
will display the exact condition of each system and
Gray Water 2 = 3/4
Green LED = 3/8 to Full
then return to normal operation mode.
Black Water = Empty to 5/8
Yellow LED = 1/4
Battery = Empty to 5/8
Red LED = 1/8 to Empty
To obtain an exact reading of an individual system
press and release the status button until the LED
G
On all diagrams the Letters R=Red, Y=Yellow,
Gray Water, Black Water are as follows:
beside the system that you want the condition of is lit.
G=Green, Blank=no LED lit.
Green LED = Empty to 5/8
Release the status button and the monitor will display
Yellow LED = 3/4
the exact condition of that system by lighting the bar
Red LED = 7/8 to Full
graph from Empty.
NOTE: The steel LP tanks on the International Trailer
Models do have a level sensor. The monitor system
does not read LP Gas levels.
G - 11
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
110-VOLT ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
To operate self-contained, simply disconnect the power supply cable.
City Power
When your trailer is hooked up to 110 volt AC, the converter system automatically
charges the trailer batteries with the battery disconnect switch in the “use” (on) posi-
The 110-volt electrical system provides power to operate the air conditioner, converter
tion and, if the 7-way cord is hooked up, your tow vehicle battery as well. The speed
and 110-volt receptacles for portable appliances. The power is routed through the
and degree of charge depends on how much power is used for lights and appliances,
110-volt city power flexible cord to the 110-volt distribution panel inside the power
as only the surplus goes to charging the battery. If you are making an extended stay,
converter door, and then is distributed to each appliance or receptacle. 110-volt layout
then you should keep your trailer hooked up to a 110 volt current if it is available.
diagrams are shown later in this section.
While you are connected to the 110-volt receptacle the wiring is protected by circuit
A 110-volt exterior outlet for is located on the exterior wall.
breakers in the breaker panel. The circuit breaker panel for the 110-volt system is
located in the converter. Open the brown decorative converter door under the dinette.
CAUTION: When operating with city power make very certain that the service is
In the event of a failure of a 110-volt circuit, first check your trailer circuit break-
110 volt and not 220 volt.
ers and the breaker for the outlet your trailer shoreline cord is plugged into. If
a breaker continues to trip after you have reset it several times, your circuit may be
WARNING: When the three-pronged plug can be used there will be no
overloaded with appliances or there may be a short in the circuit. Try lessening the load
problems with proper polarity or grounding.
on the circuit. Perhaps an electric griddle, hair dryer, or an electric heater can be turned
off. If that does not solve the problem consult an Airstream Service Center.
In some older parks and other locations where three pronged outlets are not available, certain precautions to insure proper grounding and polarity must be taken. These
All wire, components, and wiring methods conform to federal and state requirements.
precautions are listed below:
1. Attach the three-pronged plug to a two-pronged adapter. The third conductor line
of this adapter has a short wire lead, which must be grounded.
2. For proper grounding connect the short ground lead to a grounded outlet box
or to a cold water pipe. When no water pipe is available drive a metal rod two
feet into the ground and attach the ground lug to it, thus providing the unit with
proper grounding.
G - 12
G
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
GROUND FAULT CIRCUIT INTERRUPTER (GFCI)
Many states require trailers which are sold in their state,
and which have exterior 110 volt receptacles, to have a
ground fault circuit interrupter.
Trailers manufactured for sale in these states have type
THQL 15 amp GFCI breakers installed on the general
circuit, since the exterior breaker is on this circuit. The
breaker replaced the standard TQL-15 amp breaker.
When properly installed, the GFCI circuit breaker
provides reliable overload and short circuit protection
PLUS protection from Ground Faults that might result
from contact with a “HOT”’ load wire and ground.
G
IMPORTANT NOTE: The GFCI circuit breaker will NOT
reduce shock hazard if contact is made between a “HOT”
load wire and a neutral wire or 2 “HOT” load wires.
Each GFCI circuit breaker is calibrated to trip with a
ground current of 5 milliamperes or more. Since most
persons can feel as little as 2 milliamperes, a distinct
shock may be felt if the need for protection exists.
However, the shock should be of such short duration
that the effects would be reduced to less than the
normally dangerous level. However, persons with acute
heart problems or other conditions that can make a
person particularly susceptible to electric shock may
still be seriously injured.
G - 13
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
While the GFCI circuit breaker affords a high degree of
JAN
protection, there is no substitute for the knowledge that
FEB
MAR
APR
MAY
JUN
JUL
AUG
SEP
OCT
NOV
DEC
electricity can be dangerous when carelessly handled
or used without reasonable caution.
WARNING: The GFCI circuit breaker
provides protection only to the circuit to which it is
connected. It does NOT provide protection to any
other circuit.
2006
2007
2008
2009
OCCUPANT:
2010
Make this test each month and record the date on
2011
the chart.
1. With handle B in “ON” position, press PUSH TO
TEST button A.
G
2. Handle B should move to TRIP position, indicating
that GFCI breaker has opened the circuit.
3. To restore power move handle B to “OFF” and the
to “ON
Important: If handle B does not move to TRIP position when test button is pressed, the GFCI breaker
protection is not complete. If this happens, replace
GFCI breaker.
G - 14
APPLIANCES
The voltage to the air conditioner is critical. We commonly refer to 110 or 120 volts,
WARNING: The operation manual for all appliances is included with the
but a check with a voltmeter may find voltage much lower. Your air conditioner will
owner’s packet. Their manuals may contain specialized warnings and cautions
probably not function if the current drops below 105 volts. Low voltage is usually as-
specific to your appliances that should be reviewed prior to operating the appli-
sociated with older or poorly maintained trailer parks, but many people have found
ance. If a manual is missing and has not been provided with your trailer, contact
their homes, built only twenty or thirty years ago, may not be capable of operating
the appliance manufacturer, your Airstream Dealer, or Airstream Customer
the air conditioner on some receptacles, Parking your trailer so the power cord can
Service to obtain it.
be plugged into a receptacle close to the fuse or circuit breaker box can alleviate the
problem. Avoid extension cords and adapters whenever possible. If an extension cord
WARNING: Most LP gas appliances used in recreational vehicles are
must be used it should be as short and heavy as possible to provide the most current
vented to the outside of the vehicle. When parked close to a gasoline pump, it
to the air conditioner.
is possible that gasoline fumes could enter this type of appliance and ignite the
burner flame, CAUSING A FIRE OR AN EXPLOSION.
If high temperatures are expected, you should make an effort to park in a shaded area.
Starting the air conditioner early in the morning also helps. It is much easier to hold
AIR CONDITIONER
a comfortable temperature than it is to lower the temperature after the interior of the
trailer is already hot.
Manufacturer:
Dometic Sales Corporation
2320 Industrial Parkway P.O. Box 490
Elkhart, IN 46515
H
Phone: 219-295-5228
Note: Review the air conditioning literature supplied in your Owner’s Packet
before proceeding,
The roof air conditioner used on Airstream trailers is one of the most popular on the
market today. In your Owner’s Packet is a set of literature covering all operating and
maintenance instructions. If the literature is misplaced please contact the air conditioner manufacturer or your Airstream dealer for replacement.
H-1
APPLIANCES
FURNACE
RANGE
Manufacturer:
Princess Range Top
Hydro Flame Corporation 1874
CCD Model
South Pioneer Road
Salt Lake City, UT 84104
Manufacturer:
Phone: 801-972-4621
Seaward Products
3721 Capitol Avenue
The manufacturer of the furnace in your trailer has been well known in the RV industry
Whittier, CA. 90601-1732
for many years. The furnace burns LP gas, and is powered by 12 volt current from the
562-699-7997
battery or power converter when plugged into city power. Operating instructions are
located in your Owners Packet. If they should become misplaced new literature can be
Full Oven
ordered direct from the manufacturer or your Airstream dealer. The manufacturer also
offers a detailed service guide for your furnace.
Manufacturer:
Magic Chef
If warranty service is required contact your Airstream dealer or a service location rec-
28812 Phillips Street
ommended by the furnace manufacturer.
Elkhart, Indiana 46514
219-264-9578
WARNING: Carefully read all the manufacturer’s instructions prior to operating. NEVER store flammable material next to the furnace or it’s exterior vents.
People using gas ranges in their home will find little difference in the operation of
the range in a recreation vehicle. Other customers, used to electric ranges may be
a little apprehensive at first; but will quickly gain confidence. The basic operation of
the gas ranges have been the same for many years, but please be sure to read all the
directions furnished by the manufacturer and located in the Owner’s Packet. Excellent
service and parts manuals are available from the manufacturer.
H-2
H
APPLIANCES
REFRIGERATOR
OPERATION
Manufacturer:
The refrigerator requires 12-volt current to operate its electronic board even if running
Dometic Sales Corporation 2320
on LP or 110-volt modes. The 12-volt is used to power the circuit board that directs the
Industrial Parkway P.O. Box 490
refrigerator functions. When running in a mode such as LP, it means the heat source,
Elkhart, Indiana 46514
by far the largest power requirement; to evaporate the ammonia is being provided by
Phone: 219-295-5228
an LP Gas burner.
Review all Dometic Literature supplied in your Owner’s Packet or stored in the refrig-
The International 16 Ft. Model is equipped with a fan inside the exterior refrigerator
erator prior to operating.
compartment. This fan pulls ambient temperature air across the condensation coils on
the backside of the refrigerator to aid in the cooling. A “Fan Switch” is located inside
In an absorption refrigerant system ammonia is liquefied in the finned condenser coil
the main door on the panel in front of the refrigerator. You may desire to turn the fan
at the top rear of the refrigerator. The liquid ammonia then flows into the evaporator
off when using you patio due to its noise. The fan is thermostatically controlled when
(inside the freezer section) and is exposed to a circulating flow of hydrogen gas, which
the switch is on.
causes the ammonia to evaporate, creating a cold condition in the freezer.
The fan does increase the cooling efficiency of the refrigerator; therefore Airstream
H
The tubing in the evaporator section is specifically sloped to provide a continuous
recommends leaving the switch on whenever the patio is not in use. Please note that
movement of liquid ammonia, flowing downward by gravity, through this section. If the
turning the fan off during hot, humid weather conditions may substantially affect the
refrigerator is operated out-of-level when the vehicle is not moving, liquid ammonia
cooling capacity of the refrigerator.
will accumulate in portions of the evaporator tubing. This will slow the circulation of
hydrogen and ammonia gas, or in severe cases, completely block it, resulting in a loss
of cooling.
Any time the vehicle is parked for several hours with the refrigerator operating the
vehicle should be leveled to prevent this loss of cooling. The vehicle needs to be
leveled only so it is comfortable to live in (no noticeable sloping of floor or walls).
When the vehicle is moving the leveling is not critical, as the rolling and pitching movement of the vehicle will pass to either side of level, keeping the liquid ammonia from
accumulating in the evaporator tubing.
H-3
APPLIANCES
WATER HEATER
SAFETY
Manufacturer:
If your water system is full and cold and the water heater is ignited the system can
Atwood Mobile Products 4750
see pressures as high as 120 psi before the relief valve starts to open. Since the water
Hiawatha Drive P.O. Box 1205
system normally operates in the 40-psi range the water expanding does put unusual
Rockford, Illinois 61105
stress on the system. This normally does not cause any problems, but the stress is
Phone: 815-877-7461
easily alleviated. As the water is heating just open any faucet and run as little as a
cup of water. Just removing this small amount of water reduces the pressure build up
Note: Review the water heater literature supplied in your Owner’s Packet before
significantly.
proceeding,
CAUTION: Hydrogen gas can be produced in a hot water system served by this
For fun, watch the sequence of events your family goes through when you park the
heater that has not been used for a long period of time (generally two weeks or
trailer and ignite the water heater. More than likely someone will run water and
more). Hydrogen gas is extremely flammable. To reduce the risk of injury under
relieve the pressure without even realizing it.
these conditions, it is recommended that the hot water faucet he opened for several minutes at the kitchen sink before using any electrical appliance connected
Water Heater Draining
to the hot water system. If hydrogen is present there will probably be an unusual
sound such as air escaping through the pipe as the water begins to flow. There
All models have a drain plug or petcock on the water heater. Access is from the exte-
should be no smoking or open flame near the faucet at the time it is open.
rior. The plug or valve is usually located in the lower left corner, viewed as you face the
exterior of the water heater.
H-4
H
APPLIANCES
CAUTION: Never place Lindeen™ or a like cover over ceiling fan. Greatly re-
HIGH VOLUME ROOF VENT
stricted airflow & increased sound levels will occur.
Manufacturer:
FAN-TASTIC VENT CORP.
WHEN EQUIPPED WITH REVERSE SWITCH
4349 S. Dort Hwy.
Burton, MI 48529
1)
Turn fan motor off by:
1-313-742-0330
a) Setting 3-speed switch to “O” - OFF. b) Closing Dome.
1-800-521-0298
c) Selecting center position on IN/OUT rocker switch
The optional High-volume roof vent system is designed to quickly exhaust stale, hot air
2)
Wait for fan blade to stop.
3)
Select IN position brings air from the roof area into your coach
and draw in fresh air. It’s great to use when the outside temperature really doesn’t call
(pressurizes inside).
for air conditioning, but heat has built up in your coach.
4)
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS:
5)
Or select OUT position, brings air in through any or all openings in coach
and exhausts through the roof.
1) Open dome approx. 3” or more (ceiling fan has a built in safety switch that will not
Turn fan motor On.
WHEN EQUIPPED WITH THERMOSTAT:
allow motor to operate unless dome is partially open).
2) Turn 3- speed knob to desired performance lever (3-Low, 2-Medium, 1-High, O-Off)
H
1)
Follow “Operating Instructions: 1 thru 4
2)
Select desired temperature or comfort level on thermostat. Fan motor will
now start & stop automatically as interior temperature of coach exceeds or
3) Open a window or door for airflow,
drops below selected level.
4) Source of airflow is determined by the window(s) or door(s) opened. For best results,
NOTE: Fan motor will not start if temperature selected is warmer than interior
close all roof vents and open 1 (one) window the greatest distance from your Fan-
temperature of coach.
Tastic Vent ceiling fan,
CLEANING INSTRUCTIONS:
1)
Turn fan motor Off.
2)
Remove 8 painted flathead Phillips screws around perimeter of screen
insert only.
3)
H-5
Clean screen with soap & water solution, dry, aand reinstall.
APPLIANCES
NOTES
H
H-6
SPECIFICATIONS
Note: All weights on the next page were made on
Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR): is the value specified
prototype vehicles. Your production trailer may vary.
as the load carrying capacity of a single axle system, as
For the weight specifications of your trailer read the
measured at the tire-ground interfaces.
weight label (see location information under “Loading”
section of this manual) and check the manufacturing
GAWR Gross Axle Weight ratings are located on the
tag on the side of your trailer.
manufacturing tag that is positioned on the roadside
side sheet of your travel trailer.
The Unit Base Weight (UBW) and the Net Carrying
Capacity (NCC) is not the same as the Unloaded
Vehicle Weight (UVW) and the Cargo Carrying Capacity
(CCC) shown on the Trailer Weight Information tag in
your vehicle. The UBW and NCC weights are for the
base unit with no options and fluids. The UVW and
CCC on the Trailer Weight Information tag are weights
for the individual vehicle as built with its options and
certain water capacities.
Recommended Cold Tire Inflation Pressure
ST 215/75R-14
50 PSI
ST 225/75R-15
65 PSI
Gross Vehicular Weight Rating (GVWR): is the
I
maximum permissible weight of this trailer when fully
loaded. It includes all weight at the trailer axle (s) and
tongue or pin.
Unit Base Weight (UBW): is the dry weight of the base
unit with bedroom group and without options.
Net Carrying Capacity (NCC): is equal to GVWR
minus UBW
I-1
SPECIFICATIONS
MODEL
Exterior Length
Exterior Width
Interior Width
Exterior Height W / AC
Exterior Height W/O AC
Interior Height W/AC
Interior Height W/O AC
*Hitch Ball Height
**Hitch Wt. (lbs.)
GVWR (lbs.)
NCC (lbs.)
UBW (lbs.)
LPG (lbs.) 2 Bottles
16 FT.
16’ 7 “
8’
7’7”
9’4”
8’9”
6’ 4.5”
6’7”
18”
430
3,500
675
2,825
20 ea.
16 FT. CSA
16’ 7”
8’
7’7”
9’4”
8’9”
6’ 4.5”
6’7”
18”
430
4,300
1,475
2,825
20 ea.
19 FT.
19’2”
8’
7’7”
9’5”
8’9”
6’4.5”
6’7”
17.25”
510
4, 500
925
3,575
30 ea.
19 FT. CSA
19’2”
8’
7’7”
9’5”
8’9”
6’4.5”
6’7”
17.25”
510
5,000
1,425
3,575
30 ea.
22’
22’ 4”
8’
7 ’7”
9’ 4”
8’ 8”
6’ 4.5”
6’ 7”
18 ”
460
5,600
1,495
4,105
20 ea.
25’
25’ 11”
8’ 5.5”
8’ 1”
9’ 7”
8’ 11”
6’ 4.5”
6’ 7”
17.75”
740
7,000
1,855
5,145
30 ea
28’
27’ 11”
8’ 5.5”
8’ 1”
9’ 7”
8’ 11”
6’ 4.5”
6’ 7”
17.75”
880
7300
1,860
5,440
30 ea.
Tire Size
ST 215/
75R14
ST 215/
75R14
ST225/
75R15
ST225/
75R15
ST 215/
75R14
ST225/
75R15
ST225/
75R15
23
N/A
N/A
21
23
N/A
N/A
21
23
21
18
N/A
23
21
18
N/A
30
21
21
N/A
39
39
18
N/A
39
37
35
N/A
Fresh water (gal.)
Gray water (gal.)
Black water (gal).
Black/Gray combo (gal.)
*Hitch Ball Height
3. Now measure from ground to the inside top of ball coupler. This figure is the hitch
height. The hitch ball is then usually set ½” to 1” higher, according to the spring
The proper height will vary according to the weight you carry and the tires you use.
weight of your tow vehicle, to allow for it to settle when the trailer is hitched up.
However, checking the height on your trailer is relatively easy:
** Without options or variable weight.
1. With trailer on fairly level ground measure from ground to bottom of frame, front
and rear.
2. Adjust front jack until measurements are equal
I-2
I
INDEX
Accessories .......................................................... B-12
Circuit Breakers ............................................G-1, G-12
External Speaker Jacks ........................................ E-10
Air Conditioner .......................................................H-1
Coaxial Cable Wiring ..............................................G-8
Factory Service ...................................................... A-5
Alignment ....................................................... A-4, D-4
Condensation .........................................................C-8
Fans ...................................................... E-3, G-10, H-5
Antennas ................................................................G-6
Converter ........................................................ E-4, G-3
Faucets ................................................................... F-8
Appliances ..............................................................H-1
Connector
Filter, Water............................................................. F-5
Axles ....................................................................... D-4
7-Way ................................ B-2, E-4, G-1, G-9, G-12
Fire Extinguisher ..................................................... E-9
Awning .................................................................... D-2
110-volt ....................................................... C-4, E-4
Flat Tire ........................................................... C-3, D-7
Countertop ............................................................. E-2
Furnace ..................................................................H-2
Back up Camera Pre-wire ...................................... E-9
Coupler ................................................................... D-3
Fuses ...................................... A-8, E-8, G-1, G-4, G-9
Backing ................................................................ B-10
Control Panel .......................................E-3, F-12, G-10
Battery ............................................................ E-3, G-1
Galley...................................................................... E-2
Battery Disconnect ............................... E-4, G-1, G-12
Dimensions ...............................................................I-2
Gas, LP ....................................................C-1, E-8, F-1
Bath Exhaust .......................................................... E-3
Dinette .................................................................... E-2
Gas Regulator ........................................................ F-2
Bathroom ................................................................ E-3
Doors
Grey Tank (Aux) .............................................. F-12, I-2
Bearing ................................................................... D-5
Main .................................................................... D-2
Ground Fault Interrupter .......................................G-13
Black Tank Flush .................................................. F-13
Screen ................................................................ D-2
Grounding.............................................................G-12
Bottles, LP .............................................................. F-2
Drain Valves ........................................................... F-9
GVWR .......................................................................I-2
Brake Controller ..................................... B-9, B-8, D-6
Drainage ................................................................. F-9
GAWR ...............................................................B-5, I-2
Brakes ............................................................ B-1, D-6
Dump Valves......................................................... F-12
Breakaway Switch .......................................... B-2, D-6
Bulbs .............................................................. A-8, G-3
Hitch ................................................. B-1, B-4, B-6, I-2
Electrical .................................................................G-1
Hitching Up ............................................................ B-5
12 Volt..................................................................G-1
Hitch Weight .....................................................B-5, I-2
110 Volt......................................................C-4, G-12
Holding Tanks ................................................. F-12, I-2
Carbon Monoxide Detector .................................. E-11
Circuit Breakers .........................................G-1, G-12
Hitch Ball Height.......................................B-7, D-3, I-2
Carpet..................................................................... E-2
Diagrams
Camping .................................................................C-1
Capacities.................................................................I-2
Coax, TV cable ................................................G-8
Cargo .............................................................. B-4, E-4
Solar panel ......................................................G-9
Humidity .................................................................C-8
Caution ......................................................Introduction
7-Way Cable .................................................... B-2
Chassis ................................................................... D-3
Escape Window...................................... C-1, D-2, E-9
Check List ............................................................ B-12
Exhaust Fans ........................................ E-3, G-10, H-5
City Water Hook-Up ....................................... C-4, F-7
Extended Stay ........................................................C-3
Stabilizing ....................................................C-2, C-3
Exterior Maintenance ............................................. D-1
Tire Changing ...................................................... D-7
Cleaning ................................................................. D-1
Interior .................................................................... E-1
Jacks
INDEX
Lavatory .................................................................. E-2
Satellite TV wiring and hook up ..............................C-5
Length, Trailer ...........................................................I-2
Screens .................................................................. D-2
Upholstery .............................................................. E-1
Leveling ..................................................................C-3
Service.................................................................... A-5
Valves, Drain ........................................................... F-9
Lights .................................................... E-4, G-4, G-11
Sewer Hose .................................................. C-4, F-12
Vents ............................................................... E-4, H-6
Loading........................................................... B-4, E-4
Shower ................................................................... E-2
LP Bottles ............................................................... F-1
Sink......................................................................... E-2
Warning .....................................................Introduction
LP Gas ......................................................C-7, E-3, F-I
Smoke Alarm .......................................................... E-5
Warranty ................................................................. A-1
LP Gas Detector ..................................................... E-8
Solar Panel .....................................................G-5, G-9
Washing .................................................................. D-1
Specifications ...........................................................I-2
Waste System ...................................................... F-12
Maintenance Parts ................................................. A-8
Stabilizing ...............................................................C-2
Water System ......................................................... F-5
Maintenance Record .............................................. A-9
Step ................................................................ B-7, D-2
Drainage .......................................................... F-9
Maintenance Schedule ........................................... A-6
Storage .................................................. B-3, E-4, F-10
Filter................................................................. F-5
Mold Prevention .....................................................C-9
Stove ......................................................................H-2
Heater ............................... C-4, E-3, F-5, F-9, H-4
Monitor Panel ......................................E-3, F-12, G-10
Suspension ............................................................. D-4
Inlet Connection ...................................... C-4, F-7
Pump ........................................................E-3, F-5
Oven .......................................................................H-2
Table ....................................................................... E-2
Strainer ............................................................ F-5
Overnight Stop .......................................................C-2
Tires ..................................................................D-7, I-2
Tank ....................................................F-5, F-9, I-2
Changing ........................................................ D-7
Valves ....................................................... F-6, F-9
Parking ...................................................................C-2
Loading/Inflation............................................. D-9
Waxing .................................................................... D-1
Passing ................................................................... B-9
Overloading .................................................... D-9
Weight ..............................................................B-3, I-2
Plumbing ................................................................ F-1
Rotation, Tire .................................................. D-8
Weight Distribution ......................................... B-3, B-6
Power Cord .................................................... C-4, E-4
Tongue Latch .......................................................... D-3
Power Jack. ............................................................ D-3
Tongue Weight ........................................................ B-5
Torque.................................................................. D-7
Toilet ..................................................................... F-14
Alignment ..............................................A-4, D-4, I-1
Wheel
Range .....................................................................H-2
Towing .................................................................... B-1
Bearing ................................................................ D-5
Refrigerator.............................................................H-3
Tow Vehicle ............................................................. B-1
Windows ................................................. C-1, D-2, E-9
Regulator, LP ......................................................... F-2
TV ...........................................................................C-5
Winter Traveling ......................................................C-7
Roof Vents ............................................ E-3, H-5, G-10
TV Antenna .............................................................G-6
Winterizing ............................................................ F-10
Safety ...............................A-5, C-1, E-5, E-8, E-9, F-3
Safety Chains ......................................................... B-7
Sanitizing ................................................................ F-6
Satellite Radio Option .......................................... E-10
Airstream International Trailer Owners Manual
©AIRSTREAM INC. 2006