Carrier Supra 650 Service manual

Truck Refrigeration
R
EVAPORATOR
TXV BULB
CONDENSER
TXV
RECEIVER
OPERATION & SERVICE
for
SUPRA 550, 650, 750, 850 & 950
Truck Refrigeration Units
62--10828 Rev D Change 07/11
OPERATION AND
SERVICE MANUAL
FOR
Supra 550, 650, 750, 850 & 950
TRUCK REFRIGERATION UNITS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PARAGRAPH NUMBER
Page
GENERAL SAFETY NOTICES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Safety-1
FIRST AID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Safety-1
OPERATING PRECAUTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Safety-1
MAINTENANCE PRECAUTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Safety-1
SPECIFIC WARNING AND CAUTION STATEMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Safety-1
DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-1
1.1 INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1--1
1.2 GENERAL DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1--6
1.3 CONDENSING SECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1--6
1.3.1 Drive Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1--6
1.3.2 Condensing Section Refrigeration System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1--7
1.4 EVAPORATOR SECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1--10
1.4.1 Thermal Expansion Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1--10
1.4.2 Heat Exchanger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1--10
1.4.3 Evaporator Coil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1--10
1.4.4 Electric and Water Heat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1--10
1.5 SYSTEM OPERATING CONTROLS AND COMPONENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1--11
1.5.1 Switches And Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1--11
1.6 UNIT SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1--12
1.6.1 Engine Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1--12
1.6.2 Compressor Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1--14
1.6.3 Refrigeration System Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1--14
1.6.4 Electrical Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1--15
1.6.5 TORQUE VALUES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1--15
1.7 SAFETY DEVICES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1--16
1.8 REFRIGERANT CIRCUIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1--17
1.8.1 Cooling (See Figure 1-13) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1--17
1.8.2 Heat And Defrost (See Figure 1-13) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1--17
i
62--10828
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PARAGRAPH NUMBER
Page
OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-1
2.1 MICROPROCESSOR CONTROLLER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2--1
2.1.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2--1
2.2 MICROPROCESSOR CONFIGURATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2--2
2.3 DESCRIPTION OF MICROPROCESSOR COMPONENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2--2
2.3.1 Keypad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2--2
2.3.2 Digital Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2--3
2.4 OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2--3
2.4.1 Pre-Trip Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2--3
2.4.2 Starting - Road Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2--4
2.4.3 Starting - Standby Motor Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2--4
2.4.4 Manual Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2--4
2.4.5 Pre-Trip . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2--4
2.4.6 Setpoint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2--4
2.4.7 Start/Stop Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2--5
2.4.8 Continuous Run Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2--5
2.4.9 Defrost Cycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2--5
2.4.10 Functional Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2--6
2.4.11 Unit Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2--7
2.4.12 Alarm Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2--9
2.4.13 Stopping Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2--11
CONTROL LOGIC AND TEMPERATURE CONTROL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-1
3.1 MODES OF OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3--1
3.1.1 Startup and Pull Down -- Engine Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3--1
3.1.2 Startup and Pull Down -- Standby Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3--1
3.1.3 Null Mode Overrides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3--1
3.1.4 Dual Probe Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3--2
3.1.5 Fuel Heater Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3--2
3.1.6 Defrost Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3--2
3.1.7 Unloading in Temperature Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3--3
3.1.8 Auto Diesel Restart (Option) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3--5
3.2 SEQUENCE OF OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3--5
3.2.1 Engine Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3--5
3.2.2 Standby . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3--6
3.2.3 Auto Start Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3--6
62--10828
ii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PARAGRAPH NUMBER
Page
CONTROL LOGIC AND TEMPERATURE CONTROL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1 MODES OF OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2
3-1
3-1
3.1.1 Startup and Pull Down -- Engine Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-1
3.1.2 Startup and Pull Down -- Standby Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-1
3.1.3 Null Mode Overrides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-1
3.1.4 Dual Probe Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1.5 Fuel Heater Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-2
3-2
3.1.6 Defrost Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-2
3.1.7 Suction Pressure Control Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1.8 Auto Diesel Restart (Option) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-2
3-3
SEQUENCE OF OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-3
3.2.1 Engine Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2.2 Standby . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-3
3-4
3.2.3 Auto Start Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-4
SERVICE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE Supra 550 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-1
4--1
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE Supra 650/ 750/ 850 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4--2
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE Supra 950 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OIL CHANGE INTERVALS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4--2
4--2
4.1
SERVICING ENGINE RELATED COMPONENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4--4
4.1.1 Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.1.2 Changing Lube Oil and Lube Oil Filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4--4
4--4
4.1.3 Replacing the Speed and Run Control Solenoids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4--5
4.1.4 Engine Air Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.1.5 Fuel Filter and Fuel Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4--5
4--6
4.1.6 Servicing Glow Plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4--7
4.1.7 Alternator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.2 SERVICING AND ADJUSTING V-BELTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4--7
4--8
4.2.1 Belt Tension Gauge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4--8
4.2.2 Alternator V-Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4--8
4.2.3 Water Pump Belt Tensioner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4--8
4.2.4 Standby Motor--Compressor V-Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4--9
4.2.5 Engine--Compressor V-Belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.3 INSTALLING MANIFOLD GUAGE SET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4--9
4--9
4.3.1 Preparing Manifold Gauge/Hose Set For Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4--9
4.3.2 Connecting Manifold Gauge/Hose Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.3.3 Removing the Manifold Gauge Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4--9
4--9
4.4
4.5
PUMPING THE UNIT DOWN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
REFRIGERANT LEAK CHECKING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4--10
4--10
4.6
EVACUATION AND DEHYDRATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4--10
4.6.1 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.6.2 Preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4--10
4--10
4.6.3 Procedure for Evacuation and Dehydrating System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4--11
iii
62--10828
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PARAGRAPH NUMBER
Page
SERVICE (Continued) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-1
4.7 CHARGING THE REFRIGERATION SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--11
4.7.1 Checking the Refrigerant Charge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--11
4.7.2 Installing a Complete Charge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--11
4.7.3 Adding A Partial Charge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--12
4.8 REPLACING THE COMPRESSOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--13
4.9 COMPRESSOR OIL LEVEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--13
4.9.1 Checking Oil Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--13
4.9.2 Adding Oil with Compressor in System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--13
4.9.3 Adding Oil to Service Replacement Compressor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--14
4.10 COMPRESSOR UNLOADER VALVE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--15
4.11 CHECKING AND REPLACING FILTER-DRIER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--15
4.12 CHECKING AND REPLACING HIGH PRESSURE SWITCH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--15
4.12.1 Replacing High Pressure Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--15
4.12.2 Checking High Pressure Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--16
4.13 CHECKING CALIBRATION OF THE DEFROST AIR SWITCH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--16
4.14 CHECKING AND REPLACING EVAPORATOR FAN MOTOR BRUSHES & COMMUTATOR . . . . 4--17
4.15 EVAPORATOR COIL CLEANING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--17
4.16 CONDENSER COIL CLEANING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--17
4.17 SOLENOID VALVES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--17
4.17.1 Supra 550/650/750/850 3--Way Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--17
4.17.2 Hot Gas Valve (HGS2) and 3--Way Valve for Supra 950 (HGS2 not used on 950) . . . . . . . . . . 4--18
4.18 ADJUSTING THE COMPRESSOR PRESSURE REGULATING VALVE (CPR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--18
4.19 THERMOSTATIC EXPANSION VALVE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--19
4.20 MICROPROCESSOR CONTROLLER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--20
4.21 MICROPROCESSOR REPLACEMENT and CONFIGURATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--20
4.21.1 To Remove and Replace Microprocessor Logic Board: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--20
4.21.2 To Reach The Configuration Fields From The Keypad: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--21
4.22 CONTROLLER SENSOR CHECKOUT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--21
4.23 SUCTION PRESSURE TRANSDUCER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--24
62--10828
iv
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PARAGRAPH NUMBER
Page
TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-1
5.1 DIESEL ENGINE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5--1
5.1.1 Engine Will Not Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5--1
5.1.2 Engine Starts Then Stops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5--1
5.1.3 Starter Motor Malfunction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5--1
5.1.4 Malfunction In the Engine Starting Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5--2
5.2 ALTERNATOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5--2
5.3 REFRIGERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5--3
5.3.1 Unit Will Not Cool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5--3
5.3.2 Unit Runs But Has Insufficient Cooling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5--3
5.3.3 Unit Operates Long or Continuously in Cooling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5--3
5.3.4 Unit Will Not Heat or Has Insufficient Heating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5--3
5.3.5 Defrost Cycle Malfunction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5--4
5.3.6 Abnormal Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5--4
5.3.6.1 Cooling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5--4
5.3.6.2 Heating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5--5
5.3.7 Abnormal Noise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5--5
5.3.8 Control System Malfunction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5--5
5.3.9 No Evaporator Air Flow or Restricted Air Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5--5
5.3.10 Expansion Valve Malfunction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5--6
5.3.11 Hot Gas (Three-Way) Valve Malfunction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5--6
5.4 Standby Motor Malfunction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5--6
SCHEMATIC DIAGRAMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-1
6.1 INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-1
v
62--10828
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
FIGURE NUMBER
Figure 1-1. Condensing Section -- Top View/Cab Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 1-2. Unit Curbside View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 1-3. Unit Roadside View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 1-4. Electrical Box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 1-5. Relay/Fuse Board (With All Optional Components) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 1-6. 70 Amp Alternator (P/N 30-60050-04) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 1-7. Cylinder Head -- Unloaded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 1-8. Cylinder Head -- Loaded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 1-9 Accumulator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 1-10. Hot Gas Valve -- Cooling Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 1-11. Hot Gas Valve -- Heat and Defrost Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 1-12. Water and Electric Heat Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 1-13. Refrigeration Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 2-1. Cab Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 3-1. Auto Start Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 3-2. Temperature Control Sequence -- Continuous Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 3-3. Temperature Control Sequence -- Start / Stop Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 3-4. Temperature Control Sequence -- Continuous Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 3-5. Temperature Control Sequence -- Start / Stop Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-1. Coolant System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-2. Speed and Run Control Solenoids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-3. Fuel System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-4. Electric Fuel Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-5. 70 Amp Alternator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-6. V-Belt Arrangement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-7. Belt Tension Gauge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-8. Manifold Gauge Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-9. Vacuum Pump Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-10. Procedure for Adding A Complete Charge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-11. Procedure for Adding A Partial Charge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-12. Compressor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-13. Unloader Solenoid Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-14. Typical Setup for Testing High Pressure Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-15. Defrost Air Switch Test Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-16. Fan Motor Brushes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-17. Hot Gas (Three-Way) Valve (Supra 550/650/750/850) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-18. Hot Gas Valve (HGS2) and Supra 950 3--Way Valve (HGS2 Shown) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-19. Compressor Pressure Regulating Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-20. Thermostatic Expansion Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-21. Thermostatic Expansion Valve Bulb and Thermocouple . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 6-1. Electrical Schematic Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
62--10828
vi
Page
1--2
1--3
1--3
1--4
1--5
1--7
1--7
1--8
1--8
1--9
1--9
1--10
1--18
2--1
3--7
3--8
3--9
3--10
3--11
4--4
4--5
4--6
4--6
4--7
4--8
4--8
4--9
4--11
4--12
4--12
4--14
4--15
4--16
4--16
4--17
4--17
4--18
4--18
4--19
4--19
6-2
LIST OF TABLES
TABLE NUMBER
Table 1-1. Model Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 1-2. Additional Support Manuals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 1-3. Fuse Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 1-4. Relay Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 1-5. Test Point Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 1-9. Safety Devices -- Microprocessor Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 2-1. Manual Glow Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 2-1. Functional Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 2-2. Unit Data Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 2-3. Alarm Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 3-1. Unloading in Temperature Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 4-1. Service Category Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 4-2. Belt Tension (See Figure 4-7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 4-3. Connection Point Voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 4-5. Sensor Resistance -- Micro Units (ATS,CDT, RAS, SAS & WTS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 4-6. R-404A Temperature--Pressure Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
vii
Page
1--1
1--1
1--5
1--5
1--6
1--16
2--4
2--7
2--8
2--9
3--3
4--3
4--8
4--20
4--24
4--25
62--10828
SAFETY SUMMARY
GENERAL SAFETY NOTICES
The following general safety notices supplement the specific warnings and cautions appearing elsewhere in this
manual. They are recommended precautions that must be understood and applied during operation and maintenance
of the equipment covered herein. The general safety notices are presented in the following three sections labeled:
First Aid, Operating Precautions and Maintenance Precautions. A listing of the specific warnings and cautions
appearing elsewhere in the manual follows the general safety notices.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Your Carrier Transicold refrigeration unit has been designed with the safety of the operator in mind. During normal
operation, all moving parts are fully enclosed to help prevent injury. During all pre-trip inspections, daily inspections,
and problem troubleshooting, you may be exposed to moving parts. Stay clear of all moving parts when the unit is in
operation and when the unit RUN/STOP Switch (RSS) is in the START/RUN position.
FIRST AID
An injury, no matter how slight, should never go unattended. Always obtain first aid or medical attention immediately.
OPERATING PRECAUTIONS
Always wear safety glasses. Wear hearing protection as required.
Keep hands, clothing and tools clear of the evaporator and condenser fans.
No work should be performed on the unit until all circuit breakers and the RUN/STOP Switch are turned off, and battery
power supply is disconnected.
Always work in pairs. Never work on the equipment alone.
In case of severe vibration or unusual noise, stop the unit and investigate.
MAINTENANCE PRECAUTIONS
Beware of unannounced starting of the unit. This unit is equipped with Auto--Start in both the road and standby modes.
The unit may start at any time. When performing any check of the system make certain the Emergency Switch is in the
OFF position.
Be sure power is turned off before working on motors, controllers, solenoid valves and electrical control switches. Tag
circuit breaker and vehicle ignition to prevent accidental energizing of circuit.
Do not bypass any electrical safety devices, e.g. bridging an overload, or using any sort of jumper wires. Problems with
the system should be diagnosed, and any necessary repairs performed, by qualified service personnel.
When performing any arc welding on the unit or container, disconnect all wire harness connectors from the
microprocessor. Do not remove wire harness from the modules unless you are grounded to the unit frame with a static
safe wrist strap.
In case of electrical fire, open circuit switch and extinguish with CO2 (never use water).
AUTO-START
Your refrigeration unit is equipped with Auto-Start in both Start/Stop and Continuous Run modes. The unit may start at
any time. A buzzer will sound for 5 seconds before the unit is started. When performing any check of the refrigeration
unit (e.g., checking the belts, checking the oil), make certain that the RUN/STOP Switch is in the OFF (0) position.
ENGINE COOLANT
The engine is equipped with a pressurized cooling system. Under normal operating conditions, the coolant in the
engine and radiator is under high pressure and is very hot. Contact with hot coolant can cause severe burns. Do not
remove the cap from a hot radiator; if the cap must be removed, do so very slowly in order to release the pressure
without spray.
REFRIGERANTS
The refrigerant contained in your unit can cause frostbite, severe burns, or blindness when in direct contact with the
skin or eyes. For this reason, and because of legislation regarding the handling of refrigerants during system service,
we recommend that you contact your nearest Carrier Transicold authorized repair facility whenever your unit requires
refrigeration system service .
Safety-1
62--10828
BATTERY
This unit is equipped with a lead-acid type battery. The battery normally vents small amounts of flammable hydrogen
gas. Do not smoke when checking the battery. A battery explosion can cause serious physical harm and/or blindness.
SPECIFIC WARNING AND CAUTION STATEMENTS
To help identify the label hazards on the unit and explain the level of awareness each one carries, an explanation is
given with the appropriate consequences:
DANGER -- means an immediate hazard which WILL result in severe personal injury or death.
WARNING -- means to warn against hazards or unsafe conditions which COULD result in severe personal injury or
death.
CAUTION -- means to warn against potential hazard or unsafe practice which could result in minor personal injury,
product or property damage.
The statements listed below are specifically applicable to this refrigeration unit and appear elsewhere in this manual.
These recommended precautions must be understood and applied during operation and maintenance of the equipment covered herein.
WARNING
Beware of unannounced starting of the engine, standby motor, evaporator fan or condenser fan. The
unit may cycle the engine, standby motor or fans unexpectedly as control requirements dictate
WARNING
Under no circumstances should ether or any other starting aids be used to start engine.
WARNING
Make sure the power plug is clean and dry before connecting to any power source.
Do not attempt to connect or remove power plug or perform service and/or maintenance before ensuring the unit RUN/STOP Switch is in the STOP position and the I/O switch is in the “O” position.
WARNING
Beware of V-belts and belt driven components as the unit may start automatically. Before servicing
unit, make sure the Run-Stop switch is in the STOP position. Also disconnect the negative battery
cable.
WARNING
Inspect battery cables for signs of wear, abrasion or damage at every Pre--Trip inspection and replace
if necessary. Also check battery cable routing to ensure that clamps are secure and that cables are
not pinched or chafing against any components.
WARNING
Do not use a nitrogen cylinder without a pressure regulator. Cylinder pressure is approximately 2350
psi (160 bar). Do not use oxygen in or near a refrigerant system as an explosion may occur.
WARNING
Since refrigerant traps a certain quantity of oil, to avoid oil loss during maintenance, add 50 cc of
POE oil to the refrigeration system when any evacuation is performed.
WARNING
Ensure power to the unit is OFF and power plug is disconnected or vehicle engine is OFF and negative battery cable is disconnected before replacing the compressor.
62--10828
Safety-2
Change 06/09
CAUTION
Observe proper polarity when installing battery, negative battery terminal must be grounded. Reverse polarity will destroy the rectifier diodes in alternator. As a precautionary measure, disconnect
positive battery terminal when charging battery in unit. Connecting charger in reverse will destroy
the rectifier diodes in alternator.
CAUTION
Under no circumstances should anyone attempt to repair the microprocessor or the Logic or Display
Boards. Should a problem develop with these components, contact your nearest Carrier Transicold
dealer for replacement.
CAUTION
Unit with R404A and POE oil, the use of inert gas brazing procedures is mandatory; otherwise compressor failure will occur. For more information see Technical Procedure 98-50553-00 Inert Gas Brazing
CAUTION
Use only ethylene glycol anti-freeze (with inhibitors) in system as glycol by itself will damage the
cooling system.
Always add pre-mixed 50/50 anti-freeze and water to radiator/engine. Never exceed more than a 50%
concentration of anti-freeze. Use a low silicate anti-freeze.
CAUTION
When changing oil filters, the new filters should be primed with clean oil. If the filters are not primed,
the engine may operate for a period with no oil supplied to the bearings.
CAUTION
When changing fuel filter, the new filter should be filled with clean fuel.
CAUTION
To prevent trapping liquid refrigerant in the manifold gauge set be sure set is brought to suction
pressure before disconnecting.
Safety-3
62--10828
CAUTION
Refrigerant R404a is a blend. Charging as a vapor will change the properties of the refrigerant. Only
liquid charging through the king valve is acceptable.
CAUTION
Extreme care must be taken to ensure the manifold common connection remains immersed in oil at
all times. Otherwise air and moisture will be drawn into the compressor.
CAUTION
Do not damage or over tighten the enclosing tube assembly. Also make sure all parts are placed in
the enclosing tube in proper sequence to avoid premature coil burn-out.
CAUTION
Under no circumstances should a technician electrically probe the microprocessor at any point, other than the connector terminals where the harness attaches. Microprocessor components operate at
different voltage levels and at extremely low current levels. Improper use of voltmeters, jumper
wires, continuity testers, etc. could permanently damage the microprocessor.
CAUTION
Most electronic components are susceptible to damage caused by electrical static discharge (ESD).
In certain cases, the human body can have enough static electricity to cause resultant damage to the
components by touch. This is especially true of the integrated circuits found on the microprocessor.
CAUTION
Under no circumstances should anyone attempt to service the microprocessor . Should a problem
develop with the microprocessor, contact your nearest Carrier Transicold dealer for replacement.
CAUTION
Refrigerant R404A must be charged as a liquid. Refrigerant R404A is a blend. Charging as a vapor will
change the properties of the refrigerant.
62--10828
Safety-4
SECTION 1
DESCRIPTION
This manual contains operating data, electrical data and
service instructions for the Carrier Transicold Supra
model truck refrigeration units listed in Table 1-1.
Additional Supra support manuals are listed in
Table 1-2.
The model/serial number plate is located inside the unit
on the frame as shown in Figure 1-2.
1.1 INTRODUCTION
WARNING
Beware of unannounced starting of the
engine, standby motor, evaporator fan or
condenser fan. The unit may cycle the
engine,
standby
motor
or
fans
unexpectedly as control requirements
dictate
Table 1-1. Model Chart
MODEL
Supra 550, TDB-13
Supra 550, TDS-13
Supra 650, TDB-16
Supra 650, TDS-16
Supra 750, TDB-19
Supra 750, TDS-19
Supra 850, TDB-24
Supra 850, TDS-24
Supra 950, TDB-36
Supra 950, TDS-36
REFRIGERANT
R-404A
LB
KG
9
4
13
5.9
13
5.9
15
ENGINE
COMPRESSOR
STANDBY
MOTOR
60 Hz
5.9 hp
(4.4 kW)
CT2-29TV
05K 012
2 Cylinder
CT3-44TV
6.8
CT3-69TV
7.6 hp
(5.7 kW)
05K24
4 Cylinder
8.3 hp
(6.2 kW)
05G37
6 Cylinder
14.8 hp
(11 kW)
Table 1-2. Additional Support Manuals
Manual Number
62-10829
62-11091
62-11089
62-11092
62-10826
62-10827
62-02491
62-02460
62-02756
62-11052
62-10299
62-11053
Equipment Covered
Supra 550
Supra 650,750
Supra 850
Supra 950
Supra 50 Series
Supra 50 Series
Compressor (05K012)
Compressor (05K4)
Compressor (05G)
Compressor (05G Twinport)
Compressor (05G)
Compressor (05G Twinport)
1--1
Type of Manual
Parts List
Parts List
Parts List
Parts List
Easy to Run
Operator’s Manual
Operation and Service
Parts List
Operation and Service
Operation and Service
Parts List
Parts List
62--10828
1
2
4
3
5
6
16
8
7
14
15
9
10
13
11
12
ALARM/FAULT
20
35° F
SETPOINT
i
UNIT DATA
BOX TEMPERATURE
ENTER
FUNCTION
AUTO START/STOP
PRETRIP
O
O
I
ROAD
CITY
SPEED
MAN
DEFROST
BUZZER OFF
STANDBY
CAB COMMAND
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Muffler
9. Compressor Pressure Regulating Valve (CPR)
Thermal Expansion Valve (Location)
10. Accumulator
Engine (Refer toTable 1-1)
11. Filter-Drier
Heat Exchanger (Location)
12. Receiver
Compressor
13. Hot Gas Bypass Solenoid (HGS2)
Alternator
14. Hot Gas Valve (Three-Way) (HGS1)
Electric Standby Motor
15. Condenser
Defrost Air Switch
16. Radiator Overflow Reservoir
Figure 1-1. Condensing Section -- Top View/Cab Command
62--10828
1--2
1
5
4
2
3
1. Fuel Filter
2. Model/Serial Number Plate
3. Speed and Run Solenoids
4. Oil Filter
5. Air Cleaner
Figure 1-2. Unit Curbside View
3
7
6
5
4
2
1
1.
2.
3.
4
Receiver Sight Glasses
Electrical Box (See Figure 1-4)
Evaporator
Relay/Fuse Board
5. Standby Board
6. Manual Glow/Crank Switch (MGC -- If Equipped)
7 RUN/STOP Switch (RSS)
Figure 1-3. Unit Roadside View
1--3
62--10828
1
2
3
4
10
5
9
6
8
7
1.
2
3.
4
5
6.
Manual RUN/STOP Switch
Manual Glow/Crank Switch (If Equipped)
Warning Buzzer
Summer/Winter Switch (EWHS Only)
Fuel Heater Relay (FHR -- Option)
Main Fuse (F1, 80 amp)
7. Relay/Fuse Board (See Table 1-9 &
Figure 1-5)
8. Motor Overload Relay (MOL)
9. Standby Motor Contactor (MC)
(Located in plug box on 950)
10.Microprocessor Module
Note: See Figure 2-1 for Cab Command
Figure 1-4. Electrical Box
62--10828
1--4
FHR
Figure 1-5. Relay/Fuse Board (With All Optional Components)
Table 1-4. Relay Identification
Table 1-3. Fuse Identification
Desig.
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
F7
Item
Main Fuse (See Figure 1-1)
RCR Fuse
Run Relay Fuse
Heat Relay Fuse
Speed Relay Fuse
Unloader Fuse (850 & 950)
Defrost Damper Relay Fuse
(Option) (950 Only)
Amps
80A
5A
15A
3A
10A
5A
15A
F8
F9
F10
F11
F12
Electric Fan Motor Fuse
Electric Fan Motor Fuse
Electric Fan Motor Fuse
Fuel Pump Fuse
Fuel Heater Fuse (Option)
20A
20A
20A
5A
25A
Desig.
SSR
EFMR1
EFMR2
EFMR3
DDR
UFR
CCR
SR
HR1
DER
RR
GPR
RCR
EHR
FHR
1--5
Item
Starter Solenoid Relay
Electric Fan Motor Relay
Electric Fan Motor Relay
Electric Fan Motor Relay
Defrost Damper Solenoid Relay (Option)
Unloader Front Relay (850 & 950)
Compressor Clutch Relay
Speed Relay
Heat Relay 1
Diesel Electric Relay
Run Relay
Glow Plug Relay
Run Control Relay
Evaporator Heater Relay
Fuel Heater Relay (Optional)
62--10828
1.3.1 Drive Equipment
The drive equipment includes the engine, engine
mounted clutch, air cleaner, muffler, coolant overflow
bottle, drive belts and standby motor.
a. Engine
The engine (Figure 1-1, item 3) is a TriVortex diesel
manufactured by Kubota. Engine operation is controlled
by a Run Solenoid and a Speed Solenoid. The engine is
cooled by a radiator which is integral with the refrigerant
condenser. The cooling system is fitted with a coolant
overflow reservoir. Engine air cleaners are dry type.
b. Clutch Assembly
The clutch assembly is mounted on the engine crankshaft. All units have centrifugal type clutches.
c. Standby Motor
The
standby
motor
operates
on
nominal
460v-3ph-60Hz or 230v-3ph-60Hz power. An overload
and short cycle protection is provided along with automatic reset. Units are also equipped with a remote
mounted power receptacle.
d. Alternator/Regulator
Table 1-5.Test Point Identification
Test Point #
TP1
TP2
TP3
TP4
TP5
TP6
TP7
TP8
TP9
TP10
TP11
TP12
TP13
TP14
TP15
TP16
TP17
Circuit
RR NO Output
DER NC Output
F11 Output
DER NO Output
EHR NO Output
SSR NO Output
GPR NO Output
HR1 NO Output
SR NO Output
UFR NO Output
CCR NO Output
DDR NO Output
EFMR1 NO Output
EFMR2 NO Output
EFMR3 NO Output
RCR NO Output
DPS 12 Volt Input
CAUTION
1.2 GENERAL DESCRIPTION
Observe proper polarity when installing
battery, negative battery terminal must be
grounded. Reverse polarity will destroy the
rectifier diodes in alternator. As a precautionary measure, disconnect positive battery terminal when charging battery in unit.
Connecting charger in reverse will destroy
the rectifier diodes in alternator.
The Supra models are self contained one-piece refrigeration/heating units designed for truck applications.
The units consist of a condenser section, located outside the truck body, and an evaporator section which
extends inside the body. Two types of drives may be
included:
Road Operation
Both the TDB and TDS model units are equipped with an
engine. In the Road Operation mode, the compressor
and alternator are driven by the engine. TDB units do not
have standby motors. A standby motor shell is installed
(without the motor winding) to allow the same belt arrangement for both units.
Standby Operation
TDS units are equipped with an internal combustion
diesel engine and an electric standby motor. In Standby
Operation, the compressor and alternator are driven by
the electric standby motor.
The alternator supplies power for operation of the system controls, evaporator fan motors and for charging of
the unit battery, if equipped.
The alternator converts mechanical and magnetic energy to alternating current (AC) and voltage, by the rotation of an electromagnetic field (rotor) inside a three
phase stator assembly. The alternating current and voltage is changed to direct current and voltage, by passing
AC energy through a three phase, full-wave rectifier
system. Six silicon rectifier diodes are used.
The regulator is an all-electronic, transistorized device.
No mechanical contacts or relays are used to perform
the voltage regulation of the alternator system. The
electronic circuitry should never require adjustment and
the solid state active elements used have proved reliable enough to warrant a sealed unit.
The regulator is an electronic switching device. It
senses the voltage appearing at the auxiliary terminal of
the alternator and supplies the necessary field current
for maintaining the system voltage at the output terminal. The output current is determined by the load.
1.3 CONDENSING SECTION
The condensing section (see Figure 1-1, Figure 1-2 &
Figure 1-3) contains the drive equipment, alternator and
the high side refrigeration system equipment. The engine radiator and refrigerant condenser are incorporated into a single condenser/radiator assembly.
62--10828
1--6
2
3
L
1
B --
4
1.
2.
3.
4.
Positive Output
Terminal
Regulator
12vdc Test Lamp
Terminal
Ground Terminal
B+
Figure 1-6. 70 Amp Alternator (P/N 30-60050-04)
1.3.2 Condensing Section Refrigeration System
The condensing section mounted refrigeration system
equipment includes the compressor, condenser/subcooler, accumulator, defrost air switch, filter drier, receiver, hot gas (three way) valve, hot gas bypass valve
(except for 950) and compressor pressure regulating
valve.
a. Compressor
The compressor assembly includes the refrigerant compressor, suction and discharge service valves, high
pressure switch, unloader(s) (850 and 950 only) and the
suction pressure transducer. The compressor draws
refrigerant gas from the evaporator and delivers it to the
condenser at an increased pressure. The pressure is
such that refrigerant heat can be absorbed by the surrounding air at ordinary temperatures.
b. Compressor Unloader (850 and 950 Only) (Refer
to Section 3.1.7 for detailed information on unloader
temperature control)
The Supra 850 and 950 unit compressors are fitted with
one electric unloader valve. The capacity controlled cylinder is easily identified by the solenoid which extends
from the side of the cylinder head. When the solenoid is
energized two cylinders are unloaded. The unloaded
cylinders operate with little or no pressure differential,
consuming very little power. A description of unloader
operation is provided in the following steps.
Unloaded Operation
Pressure from the discharge manifold (Figure 1-7, item
15) passes through the strainer (9) and bleed orifice (8)
to the back of the piston bypass valve (7). Unless bled
away, this pressure would tend to close the piston (6)
against the piston spring (5) pressure.
With the solenoid valve (1) energized the solenoid valve
stem (2) will open the gas bypass port (3).
Refrigerant pressure will be bled to the suction manifold
(10) through the opened gas bypass port . A reduction in
pressure on the piston bypass valve will take place because the rate of bleed through the gas bypass port is
greater than the rate of bleed through the bleed orifice
(8).
When the pressure behind the piston has been reduced
sufficiently, the valve spring will force the piston bypass
valve back, opening the gas bypass from the discharge
manifold to the suction manifold.
Discharge pressure in the discharge manifold will close
the discharge piston check valve assembly (14) isolating the compressor discharge manifold from the individual cylinder bank manifold.
The unloaded cylinder bank will continue to operate fully
unloaded until the solenoid valve control device is de-energized and the gas bypass port is closed.
2
3
1
4
5
6
7
11
10
8
12
9
13
14
15
1. Solenoid Valve
2. Valve Stem
3. Gas Bypass Port
4. Spring Guide
5. Spring
6. Piston
7. Piston Bypass Valve
8. Bleed Orifice
9. Strainer
10.Suction Manifold
11. Cylinder Discharge
Valve
12. Valve Plate
13. Cylinder Suction
Valve
14. Discharge Piston
Check Valve
Assembly
15. Discharge Manifold
Figure 1-7. Cylinder Head -- Unloaded
1--7
62--10828
Loaded Operation
Discharge pressure bleeds from the discharge manifold
(Figure 1-8, item 15) through the strainer (9) and (8)
bleed orifice to the solenoid valve stem (2) chamber and
the back of the piston bypass valve (7).
With the solenoid valve (1) de-energized the solenoid
valve stem will close the gas bypass port (3).
Refrigerant pressure will overcome the bypass valve
spring (5) tension and force the piston (6) forward closing the gas bypass from the discharge manifold to the
suction manifold (10).
Cylinder discharge pressure will force open the discharge piston check valve assembly (14). Refrigerant
gas will pass into the compressor discharge manifold.
The loaded cylinder bank will continue to operate fully
loaded until the solenoid valve control device is energized and the gas bypass port is opened.
2
3
4
5
6
7
c. Condenser/Subcooler
The condenser is of the tube and fin type and acts as a
heat exchanger in which the compressed refrigerant
gas is condensed into a liquid and lowered in temperature. Air movement over the condenser is provided by a
fan mounted on the standby motor/motor shell shaft.
A portion of the condenser is occupied by the subcooler.
Refrigerant leaving the receiver is passed through the
subcooler where additional heat is removed. Removal
of this additional heat helps to ensure that only liquid
refrigerant enters the thermal expansion valve.
d. Accumulator
The accumulator is a refrigerant holding tank located in
the suction line between the evaporator and compressor. The purpose of the accumulator is to prevent entry
of any liquid refrigerant into the compressor.
Refrigerant vapor leaves the accumulator outlet pipe at a
point well above any liquid level thus preventing the entrance of liquid. The outlet pipe is equipped with an orifice
that controls oil return to the compressor and prevents
accumulation of oil within the tank.
11
To compressor suction
1
10
12
8
From
evaporator
13
9
14
15
1. Solenoid Valve
2. Valve Stem
3. Gas Bypass Port
4. Spring Guide
5. Spring
6. Piston
7. Piston Bypass Valve
8. Bleed Orifice
9. Strainer
10.Suction Manifold
Oil return orifice
11. Cylinder Discharge
Valve
12. Valve Plate
13. Cylinder Suction
Valve
14. Discharge Piston
Check Valve
Assembly
15. Discharge Manifold
Figure 1-9 Accumulator
e. Compressor Pressure Regulating Valve (CPR)
This adjustable regulating valve regulates the suction
pressure entering the compressor. The suction pressure is controlled to avoid overloading the electric motor
or engine during high box temperature operation.
Figure 1-8. Cylinder Head -- Loaded
62--10828
1--8
f. Hot Gas Solenoid Valve (Three-Way Valve)
The Hot Gas Valve (HGS1) directs flow of refrigerant
through the system. With the solenoid coil de-energized
the valve is in the cool mode and the compressor discharge gas is delivered to the condenser. In the cool
mode, heat is removed from the air inside the truck body
and rejected to the surrounding air. With the solenoid
coil energized the valve is in the heat mode and the
compressor discharge gas is diverted to the evaporator.
In the heat mode, heat is removed from the air surrounding the truck body and rejected to the air inside the truck
body. A description of valve operation is provided in the
following sub-paragraphs.
Cooling Operation
(See Figure 1-10.)
With the solenoid coil de-energized the valve is in the
cool operating mode and the refrigerant gas is diverted
to the condenser. The volume directly above the piston
assembly is open to suction pressure through the external pilot connection and the volume underneath the piston assembly is open to discharge pressure through the
compressor discharge connection. This difference in
pressure across the piston assembly results in the piston assembly being shifted upward, shutting the heat
and defrost port, opening the condenser port, and allowing refrigerant to flow to the condenser.
Solenoid
energized
To evaporator
From
compressor
TO COMPRESSOR
SUCTION
SOLENOID
DE-ENERGIZED
Heat and Defrost Operation (See Figure 1-11.)
When the hot gas solenoid coil is energized, discharge
gas flows to the evaporator for heating or defrost. When
energized, the solenoid plunger is lifted, allowing discharge gas to fill the volume above the piston assembly.
Discharge gas is also allowed to fill the volume below the
piston assembly through the compressor discharge
connection. The pressure on both sides of the piston
assembly is now equal and the piston spring exerts a
force on top of the piston assembly and shifts it downward. The condenser port is now closed and the evaporator port is open. In both the energized and de-energized positions, the bypass of discharge gas to the suction port is prevented.
Figure 1-11. Hot Gas Valve -- Heat and Defrost
Flow
g. Hot Gas Bypass Solenoid Valve (except 950)
The hot gas bypass solenoid valve (HGS2) opens during heating and allows the compressor to draw vapor
from the top of the receiver resulting in increased heating capacity.
TO EVAPORATOR
FROM
COMPRESSOR
TO CONDENSER
Figure 1-10. Hot Gas Valve -- Cooling Flow
1--9
62--10828
cording to changes in superheat to the refrigerant leaving the evaporator. The thermal expansion valve maintains a relatively constant degree of superheat in the gas
leaving the evaporator regardless of suction pressure.
Thus, the valve has a dual function; automatic expansion control and prevention of liquid return to the compressor.
1.4.2 Heat Exchanger
The heat exchanger is of the tube in tube type connected in the main suction line and liquid line. Within the
heat exchanger, the cold suction gas is used to cool the
warm liquid refrigerant. This results in greater system
capacity and efficiency.
1.4.3 Evaporator Coil
The evaporator coil is a tube and fin type. The operation
of the compressor maintains a reduced pressure with
the the coil. At this reduced pressure, the liquid refrigerant evaporates at a temperature sufficiently low enough
to absorb heat from the air. Air movement over the
condenser is provided by two or three electric fans.
1.4.4 Electric and Water Heat
The unit can be equipped with Electric Heat, Water
Heat, and Electric/Water heat. See Figure 1-12. When
the controller calls for heat, the heater contactor will
close or valve will open and engage the heat system.
h. Filter Drier
The drier is cylinder shell containing a drying agent and
screen. It is installed in the liquid line and functions to
keep the system clean and remove moisture from the
refrigerant. A sight glass may also be installed downstream of the drier. The sight glass is fitted with a paper
element that changes color to indicate moisture content.
i. Receiver
Liquid refrigerant from the condenser drains into the
receiver. The receiver serves as a liquid reservoir when
there are surges due to load changes in the system; as a
storage space when pumping down the system and as a
liquid seal against the entrance of refrigerant gas into
the liquid line.
The receiver is provided with two bullseye sight glasses,
for the observation of liquid level, and a pressure relief
valve.
1.4 EVAPORATOR SECTION
The evaporator section contains the evaporator coil,
expansion valve (TXV), heat exchanger, defrost termination thermostat(s) and electrical evaporator fan
motors.
1.4.1 Thermal Expansion Valve
The thermal expansion valve is an automatic device
which controls the flow of liquid to the evaporator acWater Heat Coil
Electric
Heat
Elements
2
ELECTRIC HEAT CONTROL BOX
3
4
1
UNIT CONTROL BOX
HOT WATER HEAT COMPONENTS
1. Water Valve
2. Water Tube (HWH)
3. Hose (HWH)
4. Harness (HWH)
Figure 1-12. Water and Electric Heat Components
62--10828
1--10
4. Water Temperature Sensor (WTS)
The microprocessor will stop the unit when this sensor
signals a high water temperature condition. The sensor
is located on the engine cylinder head.
5. High Pressure Cutout Switch (HP1)
This switch will automatically stop the engine when
compressor discharge pressure exceeds the set point.
The switch is located on the compressor cylinder head.
6. High Pressure Switch (HP2) (850 Only)
This switch is used to unload the compressor in high
ambient conditions.
7. Compressor Discharge Temperature Sensor (CDT)
(except for 850)
The microprocessor will stop the unit when this sensor
signals a high discharge temperature condition. The
sensor is located on the compressor center head.
8. Compressor Suction Pressure Transducer (SPT)
The Compressor Suction Pressure Transducer signal is
used by the microprocessor in the compressor protection logic to protect the compressor under excessive
suction pressure conditions and under excessively low
suction pressure conditions. The sensor is located on
the compressor body for all units except 850. It is located in the suction line for 850 units.
9. Ambient Temperature Sensor (ATS) (950 Only)
The Ambient Temperature Sensor signal is used by the
microprocessor in the compressor protection logic to
determine expected conditions. It is located between
the condenser and the front grille.
10. Temperature control sensors
Box temperature is controlled by one or two sensors:
1.5 SYSTEM OPERATING CONTROLS AND
COMPONENTS
The unit is furnished with a microprocessor control
system. Once the set point is entered at the controller,
the unit will operate automatically to maintain the desired temperature within very close limits. The control
system automatically selects high and low speed cooling or high and low speed heating as necessary to maintain the desired temperature.
Units also have a auto start/stop feature. Auto start/stop
operation provides automatic cycling of the diesel engine or standby motor, which in turn offers an energy
efficient alternative to continuous operation.
1.5.1 Switches And Controls
Manual control switches are located on the side of the
electrical box. Components required for monitoring and
controlling the diesel engine and refrigeration system
are located on the engine, compressor or system piping.
1. RUN/STOP Switch (RSS)
This switch controls the supply of power to the microprocessor and cab command. The switch is placed in the
ON position to allow manual or automatic unit operation.
With the switch in the OFF position, the unit will be shut
down and neither manual or automatic starting is allowed.
2. Manual Glow/Crank Switch (MGC) If Equipped
If the unit is equipped with a Manual Glow/Crank Switch,
it is a three--position switch. This switch is held in the
GLOW position to energize the glow plugs and pre-heat
the combustion chamber. The switch is moved to the
CRANK position to manually engage the engine starter.
When the switch is released, it returns to the middle
position to de-energize both components.
3. Oil Pressure Safety Switch (OP)
This switch will automatically stop the engine upon loss
of oil pressure. The switch is located on the side of the
engine.
SRAS: Measures return air to the evaporator
SSAS (optional): Measures supply air to the evaporator and is also used in heat option kits as an overtemperature safety sensor.
1--11
62--10828
1.6 UNIT SPECIFICATIONS
1.6.1 Engine Data
Lubrication System
Lube Oil Viscosity: (API Classification CD)
Outdoor Temperature
SAE
Delvac 1
Fahrenheit
Centigrade
Below 32_
Below 0_C
10W or 10W30
32_ to 77_F
0_ to 25_C
20W
Over 77_F
Over +25_C
30W or 15W40
15W40
Table 1-6 Engine Data For Supra 550
Engine Model
CT2-29TV (Z482)
Displacement
29.2 in3 (479 cc)
No. Cylinders
2
Horsepower
8.5 hp (6.3 kW) @2400rpm
Weight
117 lbs (53 kg)
4.0 quarts (3.8 liters) Without EWHS
Coolant Capacity
Use 50/50 to 60/40 ethylene glycol/water mix, standard or Shell Dexcool extended
life antifreeze
5.25 quarts (5 liters) -- Without Bypass
Oil Capacity
Operating
Speeds
4.5 quarts (4.3 liters) -- With EWHS
6.25 quarts (6 liters) -- With Bypass
High
2300 -- 2350 rpm
Low
1800 to 1850 rpm
Injection Setting
1991 to 2133 psig (135 to 145 Bars)
Oil Pressure Switch
Closes at: 18 ¦ 3 psig (1.2 ¦ 0.2 Bar)
Glow Plug
0.9 ohms at 11 volts.
Fuel Heater Thermostat
Closes on temperature falls at 45+ 6.5_F (7.2 ¦ 1.17° C)
Opens on temperature rise at: 75¦ 6.5_F (24 ¦1.17° C)
62--10828
1--12
Change 12/10
Table 1-7 Engine Data For Supra 650/750/850
Engine Model
CT3-44TV
Displacement
43.9 in3 (719 cc)
No. Cylinders
3
Horsepower
15.5 hp (11.6 kW ) @2400rpm
Weight
139 lbs (63 kg)
3.9 quarts (3.7 liters ) - Without EWHS
Coolant Capacity
4.5 quarts (4.3 liters) - With EWHS
Use 50/50 to 60/40 ethylene glycol/water mix, standard or extended life antifreeze
Oil Capacity
Operating
High
Speeds
7.8 U.S. quarts (7.4 liters) -- Without Bypass
8.8 U.S. quarts (8.3 liters) -- With Bypass
650: 2200 to 2250 rpm
750
Prior to Serial Number KFW90913748; 2200 -- 2250.
Beginning with Serial Number KFW90913748; 2400 -- 2450
850: 2300 to 2350 rpm
1800 to 1850 rpm
Low
Injection Setting
1991 to 2133 psi (135 to 145 Bars)
Oil Pressure
Switch
Closes at: 18 +/-- 3 psig (1.22 +/-- 0.2 Bar)
Glow Plug
1.4 ohms at 11 volts.
Fuel Heater Thermostat
Closes on temperature falls at 45 +/-- 6.5_F (7.2 +/--1.17° C)
Opens on temperature rise at: 75 +/-- 6.5_F (24 +/--1.17° C)
Table 1-8 Engine Data For Supra 950
Engine Model
CT3-69TV (D1105)
Displacement
68.5 in3 (1123 cc)
No. Cylinders
3
Horsepower
20hp (14.9kW) @ 2400rpm
Weight
214 lbs (97 kg)
Coolant Capacity
Oil Capacity
4.5 quarts (4.3 liters)
Use 50/50 to 60/40 ethylene glycol/water mix, standard or extended life antifreeze
10 quarts (9.46 liters)
Operating
High
2200 to 2250 rpm
Speeds
Low
1800 to 1850 rpm
Injection Setting
1991 to 2133 psi (135 to 145 Bars)
Oil Pressure
Switch
Closes at: 18 +/-- 3 psig (1.2 +/-- 0.2 Bar)
Glow Plug
0.9 ohms at 11 volts.
Fuel Heater
Thermostat
Closes on temperature falls at 45 +/-- 6.5_F (7.2 +/--1.17° C)
Opens on temperature rise at: 75 +/-- 6.5_F (24 +/--1.17° C)
1--13
62--10828
1.6.2 Compressor Data
Model (Unit)
Displacement
No. Cylinders
No. Unloaders
Weight
Oil Charge
05K 012 (550/650/750)
12.2 in3 (200 cc)
2
0
84 lbs (38 kg)
4.0 pints (1.9 L)
Refrigerant
R-404A
05K 024 (850)
24.4 in3 (400 cc)
4
1
108 lbs (49 kg)
5.5 pts (2.6 L)
05G37 (950)
37 in3 (600 cc)
6
1
137lbs (62 kg)
6.75 pts (3.2)
APPROVED COMPRESSOR OIL
05G/05K
Mobile Arctic EAL 68
Castrol Icematic SW-68C
1.6.3 Refrigeration System Data
a. Defrost Timer
1-1/2, 3, 6, or 12 hours
a. High Pressure Switches
HP1
Opens on a pressure rise at: 465 +/-- 10 psig (32.7
+/-- 0.7 kg/cm@)
b. Defrost Thermostat
Opens at: 47_ +/-- 5_F (8_ +/-- 3_C)
Closes at: 37_ +/-- 5_F (3_ +/-- 3_C)
Closes on a pressure fall at: 350 +/-- 10 psig (24.6 +/-0.7 kg/cm@)
HP2 850 Only
Closes on a pressure rise at: 440 +/-- 10 psig (29.9
+/-- 0.7 kg/cm@)
c. Defrost Air Switch Setting
550/650/750;
Initiates at: 1.00 +/-- .07 inch
(25.4 ¦ 1.8 mm) wg
Opens on a pressure fall at: 367 +/-- 12 psig (25 +/-0.8 kg/cm@)
850/950;
Initiates at: 0.70 +/-- .07 inch
(17.8 +/-- 1.8 mm) wg
b. Compressor Discharge Temperature Sensor
(CDT)
This is a thermistor type sensor located (when installed)
on the compressor discharge cover.
Unit shuts down:
d. Refrigerant Charge
Refer to Table 1-1
e. Compressor Pressure Regulating Valve (CPR)
MODEL
SIf ambient is less than 120°F (50°C) AND
Temperature exceeds 310°F (154°C) for 3 min
SUPRA 550
SUPRA 650
SUPRA 750
SUPRA 850/950
SIf ambient is greater than 120°F (50°C) AND
Temperature exceeds 340°F (171°C) for 3 min
SImmediately shuts down in all ambients
If temperature exceeds 350°F (177°C)
62--10828
CPR Setting
psig
34 +/-- 1
28 +/-- 1
32 +/-- 1
29 +/-- 1
CPR Setting
Bars
2.3 +/-- 0.07
1.91 +/-- 0.07
2.18 +/-- 0.07
1.97 +/-- 0.07
f. Thermostatic Expansion Valve Superheat
Setting at 0_F (--17.8_C) box temperature: 8-10_F
(--13.3 to --12.2_C)
1--14
Change 06/09
1.6.4 Electrical Data
a. Evaporator Fan Motors
Bearing Lubrication: Factory lubricated, additional grease not required
Horsepower
Operating Current
Speed
Voltage
0.13hp (100W)
10.8 amps
2800 to 3000 rpm
12 vdc
b. Standby Motors
Bearing Lubrication: Factory lubricated additional grease not required
Rotation Speed: 1760 rpm@ 60Hz/1500 rpm@ 50Hz
Voltage
3ph, 60 Hz
Connection Type
Power
HP
Full Load Amps
7.6
20
14
7.6
23
13
8.3
19.6
9.8
8.3
32
23
SUPRA 550
230
460
∆
Y
SUPRA 650/750
230
460
∆
Y
SUPRA 850
230
460
∆
Y
SUPRA 950
230
460
∆
Y
c. Alternator: 70 amps
d. Standby Motor Overload
MODEL
550
650/750
850
950
SETTING
230V, 3 ph, 60 Hz
460V, 3 ph, 60 Hz
16 AMPS
-20 AMPS
10 AMPS
21 AMPS
11 AMPS
35 AMPS
23 AMPS
e. Solenoids
Description
Amperage
Resistance (Ω)
Voltage
HGS1
1.25
9.6
12 vdc
HGS2
1.16
10
12 vdc
Speed/Run/Damper
4.4
2.7
12 vdc
Unloader
1.3
9.6
12 vdc
1.6.5 TORQUE VALUES
Assembly
Power Tray to Frame
Standby Motor to Power Tray
Engine to Power Tray
Compressor to Power Tray
Standby Motor Pulley
Engine Pulley
Compressor Pulley
Evaporator Fan Motor
Change 07/11
ft-lb
40
22-28
50
45-55
175 inlbs
22
22
13
Nm
54.2
30-44
67.8
61-75
19.8
29.8
29.8
17.6
Assembly
Evaporator Fan Grille
Condenser Coil to Chassis
Tensioner to Power Tray
Engine Support
Run & Speed Solenoids
Condenser Fan Blade
Engine Clutch
Suction Service Valve
1--15
ft-lb
7
7
22
40
7
18
40
22-25
Nm
9.5
9.5
29.8
54.2
9.5
24.4
54.2
30-34
62--10828
1.7 SAFETY DEVICES
System components are protected from damage caused by unsafe operating conditions by automatically shutting
down the unit when such conditions occur. This is accomplished by the safety devices listed in Table 1-9.
Table 1-9. Safety Devices -- Microprocessor Controller
Safety Device
Unsafe Conditions
Device Setting
1. Low engine lubricating oil
pressure
Oil pressure safety switch (OP)
automatic reset
Opens below 18 ¦ 3 psig
(1.2 ¦ 0.2 Bar)
2. High engine coolant temperature
Water temperature sensor
(microprocessor)
Opens above 230 ¦ 5_F
(110 ¦ 3_C)
3. Excessive current draw by glow
Fuse (F1)
plug circuit, control circuit or starter
solenoid (SS)
Opens at 80 amps
4. Excessive current draw by
run control relay.
Fuse (F2)
Opens at 5 amps
5. Excessive current draw by
run relay
Fuse (F3)
Opens at 15 amps
6. Excessive current draw heat relay
Fuse (F4)
Opens at 5 amps
7. Excessive current draw by speed
relay
Fuse (F5)
Opens at 10 amps
7. Excessive current draw by unloader
Fuse (F6) (850 and 950 Only)
Opens at 5 amps
8. Excessive current draw by
defrost damper relay
Fuse (F7) (950 Only)
Opens at 15 amps
8. Excessive current draw by
evaporator fan motors
Fuse (F8, F9, F10)
Opens at 20 amps
9. Excessive current draw by fuel
pump
Fuse (F11)
Opens at 5 amps
10. Excessive compressor
discharge pressure
High pressure cutout switch (HP1)
automatic reset
Refer to Section 1.6.3.a.
11. Excessive compressor
discharge temperature
Compressor discharge
temperature sensor (CDT)
Shuts unit down above
310_F (154_C) for 3 minutes
or 350_F (177_C)
12. Excessive current draw by fuel
heater circuit (option)
Fuse (F12)
Opens at 25 amps
62--10828
1--16
1.8 REFRIGERANT CIRCUIT
1.8.1 Cooling (See Figure 1-13)
When cooling, the unit operates as a vapor compression
refrigeration system. The main components of the system
are the reciprocating compressor, air-cooled condenser,
thermostatic expansion valve, direct expansion evaporator, and hot gas valve.
In the cooling mode, the hot gas valve is de-energized.
With the hot gas valve de-energized, flow through the
valve is from the side discharge connection to the bottom condenser connection.
The compressor raises the pressure and temperature of
the refrigerant and forces it into the condenser tubes.
The condenser fan circulates surrounding air over the
outside of the condenser tubes. Heat transfer is thus
established from the refrigerant gas (inside the tubes) to
the condenser air (flowing over the tubes). The condenser tubes have fins designed to improve the transfer
of heat. This removal of heat causes the refrigerant to
liquefy; liquid refrigerant flows from the condenser and,
except for the 950, through a check valve to the receiver.
The receiver stores the additional charge necessary for
low ambient operation and for heating and defrost modes.
The refrigerant leaves the receiver and flows through a
manual receiver shutoff valve (king valve) to the subcooler. The subcooler occupies a portion of the main
condensing coil surface and gives off further heat to the
passing air.
The refrigerant then flows through a filter-drier where an
absorbent keeps the refrigerant clean and dry.
The refrigerant then flows to the “Liquid/suction” heat
exchanger. Here the liquid is further reduced in temperature by giving off some of its heat to the suction gas.
The liquid then flows to an externally equalized thermostatic expansion valve (TXV) which reduces the pressure of the liquid and meters the flow of liquid refrigerant
to the evaporator to obtain maximum use of the evaporator heat transfer surface.
The evaporator tubes have aluminum fins to increase
heat transfer; therefore heat is removed from the air
circulated through the evaporator. This cold air is circulated throughout the truck to maintain the cargo at the
desired temperature.
1--17
The transfer of heat from the air to the low temperature
liquid refrigerant causes the liquid to vaporize.
This low temperature, low pressure vapor passes
through the “suction line/liquid line” heat exchanger
where it absorbs more heat from the high pressure/high
temperature liquid and then returns to the accumulator.
The compressor draws this vapor out of the accumulator through a pick-up tube which is equipped with a
metering orifice. This orifice prevents the accumulation
of oil in the accumulator tank. The metering orifice is
calibrated to control the rate of oil flowing back to the
compressor.
The vapor refrigerant then enters the compressor pressure regulating valve (CPR) which regulates refrigerant
pressure entering the compressor, where the cycle
starts over.
1.8.2 Heat And Defrost (See Figure 1-13)
When refrigerant vapor is compressed to a high pressure and temperature in a reciprocating compressor,
the mechanical energy necessary to operate the compressor is transferred to the gas as it is being compressed. This energy is referred to as the “heat of compression” and is used as the source of heat during the
heating cycle.
When the controller calls for heating or defrost, the hot
gas valve solenoid energizes, closing the port to the
condenser and opening a port which allows heated refrigerant vapor to flow through the drainpan heater tube
to the evaporator coil.
The hot gas bypass solenoid valve (not on 950) also
opens during heating to provide additional refrigerant to
the compressor from the receiver. This increases the
amount of refrigerant in circulation, increasing heating
capacity.
The main difference between heating and defrosting is
that, when in heating all the evaporator fans continue to
run, blowing the air over the heated coils to heat the
product. When defrosting, the evaporator fans stop,
allowing the heated vapor to defrost any ice build up
there maybe.
The bypass line draws refrigerant from the receiver and
injects it through a metered valve into the suction line
past the compressor pressure regulator valve. This will
raise the discharge pressure and temperature.
62--10828
FILTER DRIER
EVAPORATOR
TXV
BULB
TXV
CHECK
VALVE**
DRAIN PAN HEATER
HOT GAS
BYPASS
SOLENOID
VALVE
(HGS2)**
RECEIVER VALVE
RECEIVER
HEAT
EXCHANGER
INLET
CHECK
VALVE
HOT GAS
VALVE (HGS1)
SUBCOOLER
COMPRESSOR
PRESSURE
REGULATOR
VALVE
DISCHARGE
SERVICE
VALVE
HP2
*
SPT
HP
METERING
ORIFICE
CONDENSER
* 850 ONLY
**550/650/750/850 ONLY
SUCTION
SERVICE
VALVE
ACCUMULATOR
COMPRESSOR
Discharge
Liquid
Suction
Inactive
COOLING CYCLE
FILTER DRIER
EVAPORATOR
TXV
TXV
BULB
CHECK
VALVE**
DRAIN PAN HEATER
HOT GAS
BYPASS
SOLENOID
VALVE
(HGS2)**
RECEIVER VALVE
RECEIVER
INLET
CHECK
VALVE
HOT GAS
VALVE
HEAT
EXCHANGER
SUBCOOLER
COMPRESSOR
PRESSURE
REGULATOR
VALVE
DISCHARGE
SERVICE
VALVE
HP2
*
SPT
HP
METERING
ORIFICE
ACCUMULATOR
CONDENSER
* 850 ONLY
**550/650/750/850 ONLY
SUCTION
SERVICE
VALVE
COMPRESSOR
HEAT AND DEFROST CYCLE
Figure 1-13. Refrigeration Circuit
62--10828
1--18
Discharge
Liquid
Suction
Inactive
SECTION 2
OPERATION
c. The Cab Command is remote mounted in the truck.
The Cab Command includes the LCD display and
keypad. The keypad and display serve to provide
user access and readouts of microprocessor information. The information is accessed by keypad
selections and viewed on the display.
The Carrier Transicold Microprocessor System incorporates the following features:
a. Control supply or return air temperature to tight limits
by providing refrigeration control, heat and defrost to
ensure conditioned air delivery to the load.
b. Default independent readouts of set point (at the left
of the display) and actual supply or return air temperature (at the right).
c. Digital readout of unit data points such as pressures,
temperatures and other microprocessor inputs.
d. Digital readout of selectable operating parameters
(Function Codes) and the ability to change those settings.
e. Digital display of Alarm Indications.
f. A self-test check on program memory and data
memory at start-up.
2.1 MICROPROCESSOR CONTROLLER
2.1.1 Introduction
CAUTION
Under no circumstances should anyone attempt to repair the Logic or Display Boards.
Should a problem develop with these components, contact your nearest Carrier Transicold dealer for replacement.
The Microprocessor System consists of the microprocessor module (Item 10, Figure 1-4), relay/fuse board
(Item 7, Figure 1-4), Cab Command Figure 2-1 and interconnecting wiring.
a. The Microprocessor Module includes the temperature control software and necessary input/output circuitry to interface with the unit controls.
b. The Relay Board contains replaceable relays, diodes
and fuses.
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
ALARM/FAULT
-20
i
35° F
SETPOINT
UNIT DATA
BOX TEMPERATURE
FUNCTION
ENTER
AUTO START/STOP
1
2
3
PRETRIP
O
4
I
ROAD
11
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
10
Unit Data Key
Auto Start/Stop Continuous Run Key
Pretrip Key
Stand-by Key
Buzzer Off Key
Enter Key
CITY
SPEED
9
MAN
DEFROST
8
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
7
BUZZER
OFF
6
Manual Defrost Key
City Speed Key
Road Key
Function Key
I/O Switch
Cool Mode
Heat Mode
STANDBY
5
14.
15
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
Defrost Mode
Road Mode
Auto Start/Stop Mode
Stand-by Mode
City Speed Mode
Out-of-range
Fault Light
Figure 2-1. Cab Command
2--1
62--10828
Auto Start/Stop - Auto Start/Continuous Run Key
The AUTO START/STOP key is used to
change the operating mode from “Continuous Run” to “Auto Start/Stop.” Each push
of the key will alternate the operating modes. The microprocessor retains the last entered setpoint in memory
even if the unit is shut down or a power failure occures.
The Auto Start/Stop indicator on the display will illuminate when Auto Stop/Start is enabled. If the indicator is
not illuminated, the unit is in the Continuous Run Mode.
g. A Pre-Trip checkout of refrigeration unit operation.
h. An optional RS232 communication port to communicate unit operating data to a mobile satellite transmitter. This information will then be relayed back to the
office via a modem to a computer.
There are presently three (3) protocols supported.
The protocol for the QualComm transmitter, the protocol for the HUGHES transmitter, and the Carrier
Communication Protocol. The microprocessor will
transmit a HUGHES protocol packet every hour.
Transmission with the Carrier or QualComm protocol
is by request.
To start the unit in manual start mode, the auto start/stop-continuous selection must be in continuous run
mode and the Auto/Manual Start Operation function
parameter set to “MAN OP” (FN10 OFF)
NOTE
When configuration CNF11 is “ON” and setpoint is 32 to 42_ F (0 to 5.5_C) the unit is locked
into continuous run. The AUTO START/STOP
key is disabled.
2.2 MICROPROCESSOR CONFIGURATION
The microprocessor is configured in accordance with
the equipment supplied on an individual unit and the
requirements of the original purchase order. The configurations do not require change unless the unit has an
equipment change or a change is required by the owner.
Although the configurations may not be modified using
the keypad, operational differences will be noted
throughout the following descriptions and operating procedures. See NO TAG for list of microprocessor configurations.
Some microprocessor settings such as setpoint and
functional parameters may be changed at the keypad
and are described in the following sections.
Function Change Key
The FUNCTION CHANGE key is used to
display the function codes. Each time this
key is pressed the display will advance to
the next code. This key, in conjunction with the ARROW
and ENTER keys, will allow the user to change the
Function Parameters. See Section 2.4.10 for more detailed information.
2.3 DESCRIPTION OF MICROPROCESSOR
COMPONENTS
2.3.1 Keypad
The keypad (Figure 2-1) has 12 keys which allow the
operator to initiate various functions, display operating
data and change operating parameters.
Arrow Keys
The up and down ARROW keys are used
to modify (increment or decrement) the
displayed data. If the unit is in the default
display these keys are pressed to change the setpoint
selection.
Unit Data Key
The UNIT DATA key is used to display the
unit operating data. This key, in conjunction
with the ARROW keys, will allow the user to
display the unit’s operating data values (i.e, coolant temperature, battery voltage, etc.) See Section 2.4.11 for
more detailed information.
i
City Speed Key
The CITY SPEED key enables the city
speed mode of operation. In the city speed
mode, the unit will operate in low speed.
Each push of the key toggles the operating mode. The
microprocessor retains the last entered setpoint in
memory even if the unit is shut down or a power failure
occures. The city speed indicator on the display will
illuminate when the city speed mode is enabled.
Enter Key
The ENTER key is used to accept a
change in function codes or a change in
setpoint.
Manual Defrost Key
The MANUAL DEFROST key is used to
initiate a defrost cycle. If the predetermined conditions for defrost are not met,
the unit will not enter defrost and the display will return to the default screen.
Buzzer Off Key
The BUZZER OFF key will disable the cab
command buzzer. When not disabled by
use of this key, the buzzer is activated
whenever the alarm/fault indicator is illuminated. The
buzzer off indicator on the display will illuminate when
the buzzer is disabled.
Pretrip Check Key
The PRETRIP key is used to initiate a pretrip test cycle. If the predetermined conditions for pretrip are not met, the unit will not
enter pretrip and the display will return to
the default screen.
62--10828
2--2
Road Key
2.4 OPERATION
The ROAD key selects the diesel engine
operating mode. The microprocessor
retains the last entered setpoint in memory
even if the unit is shut down or a power
failure occures.
2.4.1 Pre-Trip Inspection
a. Pre-Trip Inspection - Before Starting
Before starting engine check the following points:
1.Drain water and sediment from fuel tank sump. Then
fill tank with diesel fuel.
2.Drain water from fuel filter separator (if applicable).
3.Check radiator coolant level. Antifreeze should be
adjusted for climate conditions, minimum 50/50 mixture, maximum 60/40 mixture.
4.Check condenser/radiator coil for cleanliness.
5.Check air cleaner and hoses.
6.Check Defrost Air Switch and hoses.
7.Check engine oil level.
NOTE
When functional parameter “FN10” is set for
time start, the unit optional auto diesel restart is
active and the Road key will be flashing.
Stand-by Key
The STAND-BY key selects the electric
motor operating mode. The microprocessor retains the last entered setpoint in
memory even if the unit is shut down or a power failure
occures. “NO POWER” will be displayed, if unit is
switched to standby and power is not available.
8.Check condition and tension of all belts.
9.Check all fan and idler bearings.
10.Check door latches and hinges.
11. Check condition of condenser fan blades.
12.Check battery fluid level (if applicable)
13.Check battery cables and terminals
14.Check evaporator coil for cleanliness.
15.Check evaporator fan
16.Check air chute (if applicable)
17.Check bulkhead and return air screens (if applicable)
18.Check defrost water drains
19.Check glow plugs
b. Pre-Trip Inspection - Starting
Start the unit in continuous run. Refer to Sections 2.4.2
or 2.4.4
c. Pre-Trip Inspection - After Starting
After starting engine check the following points:
1. Check electric fuel pump.
2. Check fuel lines and filters for leaks.
3. Check oil lines and filters for leaks.
4. Check coolant hoses for leaks.
2.3.2 Digital Display
The digital display (see Figure 2-1) has nine positions.
The default display is setpoint on the left and actual
supply or return air temperature on the right. The readout may be set to read in Degrees F or Degrees C.
The display also has symbol --type indicators for the following modes: Cool, Heat, Defrost, Road (diesel) Operation, Auto Start/Stop mode, Stand-By mode, City Speed
mode and Out-Of-Range operation. The indicator is illuminated to indicate the mode or condition is active.
On each power-up, the microprocessor will perform a
self test. Errors, if any, will be indicated on the display as
an EER.# where “#” is a number corresponding to the
number of the failed test.
ERROR
ERR.1
ERR.2
ERR.3
ERR.4 or
Display
CAUSE
Processor failure
Check chip installation or Replace
microprocessor.
Display board to logic board communication failure.
This can be caused by a defective
ribbon cable or ribbon cable not
plugged in properly.
5. Check exhaust system for leaks.
6. Check condenser and evaporator fans for proper air
flow.
7. Initiate Pre-Trip and monitor all operating modes.
Check unloader operation (850 and 950).
d. After operating unit 15 minutes or more:
8. Check water temperature. Should be 160 to 175_F
(72 to 80_C)
9. Check refrigerant level. (Refer to section 4.7)
10.Check compressor oil level. (Refer to section 4.9)
11. Put unit into manual defrost and monitor. Allow unit
to terminate defrost automatically.
12 Change over to desired operating mode, enter set
point and change functional parameters as required
to match the requirements of the load.
2--3
62--10828
Table 2-1. Manual Glow Time
2.4.2 Starting - Road Operation
Place the I/O Switch in the “I” position. If the unit has
been used previously in the standby mode, press the
road operation button. Under normal circumstances this
is all that is required to start the unit. The unit will then
perform a complete diagnostic check on the microprocessor controller, pre-heat for the required amount of
time based on the engine temperature and start automatically.
2.4.3 Starting - Standby Motor Drive
Engine Coolant Temperature
Less than 32_F (0_C)
15
33_F to 50_F (1_C to 10_C)
10
51_F to 77_F (11_C to 25_C)
5
Greater than 78_F (26_C)
0
e. Enter Set Point and change Functional Parameters to
match the requirements of the load.
2.4.5 Pre-Trip
Pre-Trip is a test sequence that the operator may initiate
to check unit operation. During Pre-Trip, the microprocessor operates the unit in various modes allowing evaluation of unit operation. If a failure occurs during
Pre-Trip, the microprocessor will generate an alarm.
The following steps detail the sequence:
a. The unit is operated to bring box temperature below
40_F (4.4_C).
b. The operator presses the PRETRIP key. If the defrost thermostat (DTT) is closed, the microprocessor will
display “PPPP” and the test is started. If DTT is open,
the test will end.
c. After 30 seconds in high speed cool, unit cycles to
low speed loaded cool.
d. After 30 seconds, unit cycles to low speed unloaded
cool.
e. After 30 seconds, unit cycles to low speed unloaded
heat.
f. After 30 seconds, unit cycles to low speed loaded
heat.
g. After 30 seconds, unit cycles to high speed heat and
displays coolant temperature.
h. After 30 seconds, unit cycles to high speed cool and
displays the defrost interval selection for 30 seconds,
then unit cycles to defrost if DTT is closed.
i. After standard defrost cycle, Pre-Trip is terminated
and unit returns to normal operation.
WARNING
Make sure the power plug is clean and dry
before connecting to any power source.
Do not attempt to connect or remove power
plug or perform service and/or maintenance before ensuring the unit RUN/STOP
Switch is in the STOP position and the I/O
Switch is in the “O” position.
a. Place the I/O (Cab Command) and unit RUN/ STOP
Switches in the ON position and press the STANDBY key. The microprocessor will perform a self-test
(all display messages will appear in display window).
Then setpoint and box temperature will be displayed.
“NO POWER” will be displayed if unit is switched to
STANDBY and power is not available.
b. Enter Set Point and change Functional Parameters to
match the requirements of the load.
2.4.4 Manual Start
a. To start a unit equipped with a Manual Glow/Crank
Switch, place the unit RUN/STOP Switch in the RUN
position and the I/O Switch (Cab Command) to “I”
position.
b. Manual operation will only function if unit is in Continuous Mode. If the AUTO START/STOP indicator on
the cab command is illuminated, press the AUTO
START/STOP key to place the unit in continuous run
mode (indicator will not be illuminated).
c. Press the FUNCTION key until AUTO OP or MAN
OP appears on the display. If MAN OP appears, proceed to step d. If AUTO OP appears:
2.4.6 Setpoint
NOTE
If configuration CNF3 is “ON” maximum setpoint is increased to 90_F.
1. Press the Enter key.
2. Press the Up Or Down Arrow key to bring MAN
OP on the display.
3. Press the Enter key. To place the unit in the
MANUAL START mode.
Setpoints of -22_F to +86_F (-30_C to +30_C) may be
entered via the keypad.
With the default screen showing on the display, the up or
down ARROW key may be pressed to bring the set point
to the desired reading. The display will flash to indicate that
the reading being displayed is a non-entered value.
WARNING
Under no circumstances should ether or
any other starting aids be used to start engine.
Depress the ENTER key to activate the new setting.
If the ENTER key is not pressed within five seconds
after the last key stroke, the display will revert to the
previous active setting. The microprocessor retains the
last entered setpoint in memory even if the unit is shut
down or a power failure occurs.
d. Use the MANUAL GLOW/CRANK Switch to start the
unit. Refer to Table 2-1 for required glow times.
62--10828
Glow Time in
Seconds
2--4
2.4.7 Start/Stop Operation
After start up, observe the AUTO START/STOP indicator. If it is illuminated, the unit is in the Auto Start/Stop
mode. If not, press the Auto Start/Stop key to toggle the
unit into Auto Start/Stop mode.
Automatic start/stop is provided to permit
starting/restarting of the diesel-driven compressor as
required. This gives the microprocessor automatic
control of starting and stopping the diesel engine. The
main function of automatic start-stop is to turn off the
refrigeration system near the setpoint to provide a fuel
efficient temperature control system and then restart
the engine when needed. Start-Stop operation is
normally used for frozen loads.
NOTE
Auto Start-Stop operation may be tied to the setpoint
ranges for frozen and perishable loads and the AUTO
START/STOP key may be locked out.
2.4.8 Continuous Run Operation
After start up, observe the AUTO START/STOP indicator. If it is illuminated, the unit is in the Auto Start/Stop
mode . If Continuous Run operation (unit will operate
continuously after starting) is desired, press the Auto
Start/Stop key to change the operation to Continuous
Run.
In the Continuous Run mode, the diesel engine will run
continuously providing constant air flow and
temperature control to the product. Continuous Run
operation is normally used for perishable loads.
Enter Set Point and change Functional Parameters to
match the requirements of the load.
Whenever the unit starts in Auto Start-Stop, it will run
until:
Continuous operation may be tied to the setpoint ranges
for frozen and perishable loads and the AUTO
START/STOP key may be locked out.
SIt has run for the predetermined minimum run time.
The unit will remain in low speed for 10 minutes after
engine start-up when the Continuous Run setpoint is
below 10°F (-12°C).
SThe engine coolant temperature is above 122°F (50°C)
SThe box temperature is at setpoint.
The controller will not shut off the engine if the battery
voltage is not sufficient to restart it. Battery voltage
above approximately 13.4 volts is required for
shutdown. This varies depending on ambient. Look at
battery voltage in data list to find out whether shutdown
voltage has been reached. If there is a “+” in front of the
number, the voltage is enough to shutdown and restart.
If only the number appears, the voltage is still too low for
shutdown.
Enter Set Point and change Functional Parameters to
match the requirements of the load.
2.4.9 Defrost Cycle
Defrost is an independent cycle overriding cooling and
heating functions to de-ice the evaporator as required.
For manual initiation, check that the box temperature is
40°F (4.4°C) or lower and press the MANUAL DEFROST key.
The microprocessor will displays “DF” on the right of the
display during defrost mode . The left display will continue to display the setpoint. Defrost may be terminated in
any of three ways; timer initiation, air switch initiation
and manually.
Refer to Section 3.1.6 for a more detailed description of
the defrost cycle.
The controller will restart the engine if any of the
following criteria have been met:
SBox temperature has changed by +/-- 11°F (+/-- 6.1°C)
for setpoints in the perishable range and +11° F
(+6.1°C) for setpoints in the frozen range DURING
minimum off time.
SBox temperature has moved away from setpoint by +/-3.6°F (2.0°C) AFTER minimum off time for setpoints in
the perishable range or +0.5°F (0.3°C) for setpoints in
the frozen range.
SThe battery voltage drops below 12.2 VDC Refer to
Table 2-2 for unit data).
SThe engine coolant temperature drops below 34°F
(1°C).
To start the unit in manual start mode, the unit must be in
continuous run mode and the Auto/Manual Start Operation function parameter set to “MAN OP” (FN10 OFF)
NOTE
When configuration CNF11 is “ON” and setpoint is 32 to 42_ F (0 to 5.5_C) the unit is locked
into continuous run. The AUTO START/STOP
key is disabled.
2--5
62--10828
Controlling Probe
The Controlling Probe parameter English displays are
“REM PROBE” or “SUP PROBE.” The code displays
are “FN4 A” or “FN4 B.” With “REM PROBE” or “FN4 A”
displayed, the microprocessor is set for operation with a
single probe sensing return air temperature. With “SUP
PROBE” or “FN4 B” displayed, the microprocessor is
set for dual probe (supply air or return air) control.
Standard Units Select
The Standard Unit Select parameter allows selection of
English or metric data display. The English display is DEGREES F or C. The code display is FN5. The choices
are_C and _F. This parameter will also convert pressure
readings to psig or bars.
Maximum Off Time
The auto start mode Maximum Off Time English display
is “TIME START” or “TEMP START” the code display is
“FN6 ON” or “FN6 OFF.” With “TIME START” or “FN6
ON” displayed the engine will be started 30 minutes
after shutdown. With “TEMP START” or “FN6 OFF”
displayed the engine will be under normal microprocessor temperature control.
Diesel Backup Feature:
If the unit is in standby mode and AC power is lost for five
minutes or more, the diesel engine will start and run until
AC power is restored and applied for five minutes. The
ROAD icon will blink once every second while the PLUG
icon will stay on constantly to indicate that this feature is
active.
When the five minute shutdown timer expires and AC
power is present, the unit will shut down the diesel engine and restart the standby motor. If AC power is NOT
present, the diesel engine will operate.
If the unit is set to “TEMP START” the standby diesel
back up feature will be turned off and the unit will operate
in normal standby mode.
MOP STD - Future Expansion
Used to add or subtract 5psig (0.34 Bar) to unloader
equations. English display is “MOP STD.” The code
display is “FN7”
Compartment 2 Setpoint - N/A
English display is “2SET.” The code display is “FN8”
Compartment 3 Setpoint - N/A
2.4.10 Functional Parameters
NOTE
If configuration CNF11 is “ON” functional parameters are locked out and the ability to
change functional parameters from keypad is
disabled.
The Function Parameters control selected operating
features of the unit. These parameters can be displayed
by pressing the FUNCTION CHANGE key. When multiple choices are available, the display will show the function description on the left side with the corresponding
function choice on the right side. The list can be scrolled
through by pressing the FUNCTION CHANGE key or by
using the ARROW keys. With each FUNCTION
CHANGE key push, the list is advanced one. If the
FUNCTION CHANGE key is pressed and held for one
second, the list will scroll at a rate of one item every 0.5
seconds. Once the end of the list is reached the list will
scroll back to the first entry.
With a function parameter displayed, the data choice
can be changed by pressing ENTER then pressing either the up or down ARROW keys. The displayed choice
will then flash to indicate that the choice has not been
entered. Depress the ENTER key to activate the new
choice. The display will stop flashing to indicate that the
choice has been entered.
If the new choice is not entered in 5 seconds, the display
will revert back to the last entered choice. All function
parameters are retained in memory. Descriptions of the
function parameters and operator choices are provided
in the following paragraphs. A function parameter listing
is also provided in Table 2-1.
Defrost Interval
The English display for Defrost Interval is “DEFR” the
code display is “FN0.” The choices are displayed with
one decimal place and then the capital letter H for hours
(i.e., DEFR 12.0H). The defrost choices are 1.5, 3, 6 or
12 hours.
Speed Control
The Speed Control parameter overrides the normal microprocessor speed control solenoid operation. Parameter English displays are “CITY SPD” or “HIGH SPD.”
The code displays are “FN1 ON” or “FN1 OFF.” With
“CITY SPD” or “FN1 ON” displayed the unit is locked
into low speed. With “HIGH SPD” or “FN1 OFF” displayed, speed is under normal microprocessor control.
Minimum Off-Time
The auto start mode Minimum Off-Time parameter English display is “OFF T” the code display is “FN2.” The
choice for the off-time is displayed with two digits and
then the capital letter M for minutes (i.e. OFF T 20M or
FN2 20M). The off-time choices are 10, 20, 30, 45 or 90
minutes.
Minimum On-Time
The auto start mode Minimum On-Time parameter English display is “ON T.” The code display is “FN3.” The
choice for the on-time is displayed with two digits and
then the capital letter M for minutes (i.e. ON T4 M).The
on-time choices are 1 or 4 minutes.
62--10828
English display is “3SET.” The code display is “FN9”
Auto/Manual Start Operation
The English displays for Auto/Manual Start Operation
are “AUTO OP” and “MAN OP.” The code displays are
“FN10 ON” and “FN10 OFF.” With “AUTO OP” or “FN10
ON” displayed the unit will be in the Auto Start/Stop
Operation mode. With “MAN OP” or “FN10 OFF” displayed the unit will be in the Manual Start mode.
To start the unit in manual start mode, the Auto Start/Stop - Continuous Run selection must be in “continuous
run” mode.
2--6
Table 2-1. Functional Parameters
Out-of-Range Tolerance
NOTE
If configuration CNF9 is “ON” the unit will shut
down if an out of tolerance condition exists for
over 45 minutes. If configuration CNF9 is “OFF”
and an out of tolerance condition exists, the unit
will continue to operate but generate Alarm 20
(RAS OUT).
CODE
FN0
The English display for Out-Of-Range Temperature Tolerance is “T RANGE.” The code display is FN11. The
choices are A, B or C. A = 3.6_F(2_C), B = 5.4_F(3_C)
and C = 7.2_F (4_C).
When the out-of-range temperature is configured ON,
the microprocessor indicates out-of-range when the
temperature has been within the tolerance band at least
once, and then goes outside the tolerance band for 45
minutes. Also, the unit will shut down.
When the out-of-range temperature is configured OFF,
the microprocessor indicates out-of-range when the
temperature has been within the tolerance band at least
once, and then goes outside the tolerance band for 15
minutes. Also, the unit will continue to operate.
For set points at or below +10_F (-12.2_C) frozen range
the unit is only considered out-of-range for temperatures above set point.
Code Vs English Messages
The function descriptions, unit status and alarms can be
displayed in English or codes through this function
selection. The choices are displayed as “ENGLISH” or
“CODES.” Refer to Table 2-1 for a listing of the display
readings when the English or Code choice is activated.
Manual Glow Override
The auto start glow time can be manually overridden
through this function. The choices are displayed as
“NORM GLOW” or “ADD GLOW.” If the “ADD GLOW”
selection is entered, the control will add additional glow
time.
Alarm Reset
Alarms can be reset through this function. The messages are displayed as “ALARM RST” or “ALARM
CLR.” If the “ALARM RST” is displayed then there is at
least one alarm present. Pressing the ENTER key will
clear all the alarms. If “ALARM CLR” is displayed then
there are no alarms present.
2.4.11 Unit Data
The UNIT DATA key can be used to display the microprocessor input data values. The display will show the
description of the input on the left side with the actual
data on the right side. The unit data list can be scrolled
through by pressing the UNIT DATA key. With each
successive key push, the list is advanced one. If the
UNIT DATA, or an ARROW key is held for one second,
the list will scroll at a rate of one item every 0.5 seconds.
Once the end of the list is reached, the list will scroll back
to the first entry. The display will revert back to the
default display if no keys are pressed for 5 seconds.
If the ENTER key is pressed, the display time will be
increased to 30 seconds. A description of the unit data
readings is provided in the following paragraphs. A Unit
Data listing is provided in Table 2-2.
ENGLISH
DEFR
DATA
Defrost Interval
FN1 ON
CITY SPD Low Speed
FN1 OFF
HIGH SPD High Speed
FN2
OFF T
Minimum Off-time
FN3
ON T
On-time
FN4 a
REM
PROBE
Controlling Probe Return Air
FN4 b
SUP
PROBE
Controlling Probe Supply Air
FN5
Degrees
F or C
Temperature Unit
_C or _F
FN6 ON
TIME
STRT
Maximum Off-time 30 Min.
FN6 OFF
TEMP
STRT
Temperature Based
Restarting
FN7
MOP STD Unloader control
FN8
2SET
N/A
FN9
3SET
N/A
FN10 ON
AUTO OP Auto Start Operation
FN10
OFF
MAN OP
FN11
T RANGE Out-of-Range Tolerance
Manual Start Operation
Code vs English = Code or English display format
Manual Glow Override = Normal or Add 30sec
Alarm RST = Alarm Reset Required
Alarm CLR = No Alarm Active
2--7
62--10828
Supply Air Temperature
The English display for Supply Air Temperature is
“SAS,” the code display is “CD5.” The English units are
designated by an “F” following the reading (i.e, SAS
35.0F or CD5 35.0F) while the metric are designated by
a “C” (i.e, SAS 1.7C or CD5 1.7C). The display range is
-36_F to 158_F (-38_C to 70_C). The data will be displayed only if the SUP PROBE is selected in the controlling probe functional parameter.
Remote Air Temperature
The English display for Remote Air Temperature is
“REM,” the code display is “CD6.” The English units are
designated by an “F” following the reading (i.e, REM
35.0F or CD6 35.0F) while the metric are designated by
a “C” (i.e, REM 1.7C or CD6 1.7C). The display range is
-36_F to 158_F (-38_C to 70_C). The data will be displayed only if the REM PROBE is selected in the controlling probe functional parameter.
Ambient Temperature
The English display for Ambient Air Temperature is
“ATS,” the code display is “CD7.” The English units are
designated by an “F” following the reading (i.e, ATS
85.0F or CD7 85.0F) while the metric are designated by
a “C” (i.e, ATS 29.4C or CD7 29.4C). The display range
is-36_F to 158_F (-38_C to 70_C).
EVP - Future Expansion
This unit data is not used at this time. The English display is “EVP.” The code display is CD8.
Compressor Discharge Temperature
The English display for Compressor Discharge Temperature is “CDT,” the code display is “CD9.” The English
units are designated by an “F” following the reading (i.e,
CDT 185.0F or CD9 185.0F) while the metric are designated by a “C” (i.e, CDT 85.0C or CD9 85.0C). The
display range is -40_F to 392_F (-40_C to 200_C).
Battery Voltage
The English display for Battery Voltage is “BATT,” the
code display is “CD10.” The reading is displayed the
capital letter V for volts (i.e, BATT 12.2V or CD10
12.2V). The voltage reading is displayed with a “+” plus
sign if the battery status is acceptable for shut down and
auto start mode.
Standby Hours
The English display for Standby Motor Hours is “SBY,”
the code display is “CD11.” The data is displayed with
units designator H (i.e, SBY 5040H OR CD11 5040H).
The display range is 0 to 99999.
MOD V - Future Expansion
This unit data is not used at this time. The English display is “MOD V.” The code display is CD12.
TABLE 2-2. UNIT DATA CODES
CODE
ENGLISH
DATA
CD1
SUCT
Suction Pressure
CD2
ENG
Engine Hours
CD3
WT
Engine Temperature
CD4
RAS
Return Air Temperature
*CD5
SAS
Supply Air Temperature
*CD6
REM
Remote Air Temperature
CD7
ATS
Ambient Temperature
CD8
EVP
Future Expansion
CD9
CDT
Discharge Temperature
CD10
BATT
Battery Voltage
CD11
SBY
Standby Hours
CD12
MOD V Future Expansion
CD13
REV
Software Revision
CD14
SERL
Serial Number Low
CD15
SERU
Serial Number Upper
CD16
2RA
N/A
CD17
3RA
N/A
CD18
MHR1
Maintenance Hour Meter 1
CD19
MHR2
Maintenance Hour Meter 2
CD20
SON
Switch On Hour Meter
* Codes 5 & 6 are variable. SAS is displayed when
the SUP Probe Function is selected. REM is displayed when the REM Probe Function is selected.
Suction Pressure
The English display for Suction Pressure is “SUCT,” the
code display is “CD1.” The English units are designated
by a “P” (psig) following the reading while the metric are
designated by a “B” (bars). English readings below 0 are
in inches of mercury. The display range is -0.7 to 29.4
Bar (-20 hg to 420 psig).
Engine Hours
The English display for Engine Hours is “ENG,” the code
display is “CD2.” The data is displayed with units designator H (i.e, ENG 5040H or CD2 5040H). The display
range is 0 to 99999.
Engine Temperature
The English display for Engine Temperature is “WT,” the
code display is “CD3.” The English units are designated
by an “F” following the reading (i.e, WT 185.0F or CD3
185.0F) while the metric are designated by a “C” (i.e,
WT 85.0C or CD3 85.0C). The display range is 10_F to
266_F (-12_C to 130_C).
Return Air Temperature
The English display for Return Air Temperature is
“RAS,” the code display is “CD4.” The English units are
designated by an “F” following the reading (i.e, RAS
35.0F or CD4 35.0F) while the metric are designated by
a “C” (i.e, RAS 1.7C or CD4 1.7C). The display range is
10_F to 266_F (-12_C to 130_C).
62--10828
2--8
The fault light (FL) will be illuminated when selected
alarms are generated. An alarm listing with indication of
which alarms are accompanied by the fault light is provided in Table 2-2. A description of the alarms is provided in the following paragraphs.
Table 2-3. Alarm Display
ALARM DISPLAY = FAULT LIGHT ON
CODE
ENGLISH
DESCRIPTION
AL0 ENG OIL
Low Oil Pressure
AL1 ENG HOT
High Coolant Temperature
AL2 HI PRESS
High Discharge Pressure
AL3 STARTFAIL
Auto Start Failure
AL4 LOW BATT
Low Battery Voltage
AL5 HI BATT
High Battery Voltage
Software Revision
The English display for the Eeprom Software Revision is
“REV.” The code display is “CD13.” The actual Eeprom
software revision number is displayed on the right. If the
ENTER key is depressed for three seconds while the
Eeprom Software Revision is displayed, the display will
revert to the Board Mounted Software display. The English display will change to “REV U2” on the left and the
actual board mounted software revision number will be
displayed on the right.
Serial Number Low
The English display for the Low Serial Number of the
Eeprom is “SERL” The code display is “CD14.” The
lower 3 digits of the Eeprom serial number will be displayed on the left. (i.e, SERL 504 or CD14 504).
Serial Number Upper
The English display for the Upper Serial Number of the
Eeprom is “SERU” The code display is “CD15.” The
upper 3 digits of the Eeprom serial number will be displayed on the left. (i.e, SERH 001 or CD14 001).
Compartment 2 Air Temperature - N/A
The English display for the Second Compartment Air
Temperature is “2RA,” the code display is “CD16.”
Compartment 3 Air Temperature
The English display for the Third Compartment Air Temperature is “3RA,” the code display is “CD17.”
Maintenance Hour Meter 1
The English display for the Maintenance Hour Meter 1 is
“MHR 1,” the code display is “CD18.” The data is displayed with units designator H (i.e, MHR 1 5040H OR
CD18 5040H). The display range is 0 to 99999. The
maintenance hour meter is compared to one of the hour
meters (diesel, standby, or switch on) determined by its
mode. If the hour meter is greater than the maintenance
hour meter an alarm will be generated.
Maintenance Hour Meter 2
The English display for the Maintenance Hour Meter 2 is
“MHR 2,” the code display is “CD19.” The data is displayed with units designator H (i.e, MHR 2 5040H OR
CD19 5040H). The display range is 0 to 99999. The
maintenance hour meter is compared to one of the hour
meters (diesel, standby, or switch on) determined by its
mode. If the hour meter is greater than the maintenance
hour meter an alarm will be generated.
Switch On Hour Meter
The Switch On Hour Meter displays the total operating
hours (engine & standby) on the unit. The English display for the Switch On Hour Meter is “SON,” the code
display is “CD20. The data is displayed with units designator H (i.e, SON 5040H OR CD20 5040H). The display
range is 0 to 99999.
2.4.12 Alarm Display
When an alarm is generated, the display will alternate
between the default display (setpoint/air temperature)
and the active alarm(s). Each item will be displayed for 3
to 10 seconds and the display will continue to scroll
through the items until the alarms are cleared. Refer to
Section 2.4.10-Alarm Reset for the procedure on resetting alarms.
AL6
DEFR FAIL
AL7
ALT AUX
Defrost Override
AL8
STARTER
AL9
RA
SENSOR
AL10
SA
SENSOR
Supply Air Sensor Fault
AL11
WT
SENSOR
Coolant Temperature Sensor
AL12
HIGH CDT
AL13
CD
SENSOR
AL14
SBY
MOTOR
AL15
FUSE BAD
AL16
SYSTEM CK
AL17
DISPLAY
Display
AL18
SERVICE 1
Maintenance Hour Meter 1
AL19
SERVICE 2
AL20
RAS OUT
No Alternator Auxiliary Output
Starter Motor Fault
Return Air Sensor Fault
High Discharge Temperature
Discharge Temperature Sensor Fault
Standby Motor Fault
Fuse Open
Check Refrigeration System
Maintenance Hour Meter 2
Main Compartment Out-of-Range
AL21
2RA OUT
Remote Compartment 2 Out--
AL22
3RA OUT
Remote Compartment 3 Out--
of-Range
of-Range
AL23
2--9
NO POWER
No AC Power When Unit Is In
Standby
62--10828
Return Air Sensor Alarm
The English display for the Return Air Sensor alarm is
“RA SENSOR.” The code display is “AL9.” This alarm is
generated if the return air sensor is open or shorted.
If the microprocessor is set to allow operation on a second sensor, it will switch control to that sensor. If the unit
is not fitted with a second sensor or if the microprocessor is not set to allow control on the second sensor, one
of two actions will be taken.
1. If the unit is operating in the perishable range, the
unit will shut down.
2. If the unit is operating in the frozen range, the unit will
switch to low speed cool.
When this alarm is generated, the fault light will illuminate.
Supply Air Sensor Alarm
The English display for the Supply Air Sensor alarm is
“SA SENSOR.” The code display is “AL10.” This alarm
is generated if the supply air sensor is open or shorted.
This alarm will be disabled if the REM PROBE (FN4 A) is
selected in the controlling probe functional parameter.
The fault light will not be illuminated by this alarm.
Coolant Temperature Sensor Alarm
The English display for the Coolant Temperature Sensor alarm is “WT SENSOR.” The code display is “AL11.”
This alarm is generated if the coolant temperature sensor is open or shorted. The fault light will not be illuminated by this alarm.
Compressor Discharge Temperature Alarm
The English display for the Compressor Discharge Temperature alarm is “HIGH CDT.” The code display is
“AL12.” This alarm is generated if the microprocessor
senses discharge temperature above 310_F (155_C)
for 3 minutes. When this alarm is generated, the fault
light will illuminate.
If the discharge temperature exceeds 350_ F (177_C),
the fault light will illuminate and the engine will be shut
down immediately.
Compressor Discharge Temperature Sensor Alarm
The English display for the Compressor Discharge Temperature Sensor alarm is “CD SENSOR.” The code display is “AL13.” This alarm is generated if the sensor is
open or shorted. The fault light will not be illuminated by
this alarm.
Standby Motor Overload Alarm
Low Oil Pressure Alarm
The English display for the Low Oil Pressure alarm is
“ENG OIL.” The code display is “AL0.” This alarm is
generated if the microprocessor senses low oil pressure
any time after a short delay allowed at startup. When
this alarm is generated, the fault light will illuminate and
the engine will shut down.
High Coolant Temperature Alarm
The English display for the High Coolant Temperature
alarm is “ENG HOT.” The code display is “AL1.” This
alarm is generated if the microprocessor senses coolant
temperature above 230_F (110_C). When this alarm is
generated, the fault light will illuminate and the engine
will shut down.
High Pressure Alarm
The English display for the High Pressure alarm is “HI
PRESS.” The code display is “AL2.” This alarm is generated if the high pressure switch opens. When this alarm
is generated, the fault light will illuminate and the engine
will shut down.
Start Failure Alarm
The English display for the Start Failure alarm is
“STARTFAIL.” The code display is “AL3.” This alarm is
generated if the start sequence has completed and the
engine has failed to start. When this alarm is generated,
the fault light will illuminate.
If function parameter MAN OP (FN10 OFF) is selected
the start failure alarm will be generated if the engine is
not started in five minutes.
Low Battery Voltage Alarm
The English display for the Low Battery Voltage alarm is
“LOW BATT.” The code display is “AL4.” This alarm is
generated if the battery voltage falls below 10 VDC.
When this alarm is generated, the fault light will illuminate.
High Battery Voltage Alarm
The English display for the High Battery Voltage alarm is
“HIBATT.” The code display is “AL5.” This alarm is generated if the battery voltage rises to 17 VDC. When this
alarm is generated, the fault light will illuminate and the
engine will shut down.
Defrost Override Alarm
The English display for the Defrost Override alarm is
“DEFR FAIL.” The code display is “AL6.” This alarm is
generated if the defrost has been terminated by the 45
minute timer. The fault light will not be illuminated by this
alarm.
The English display for the Standby Motor Overload
alarm is “SBY MOTOR.” The code display is “AL14.”
This alarm is generated if the MOL is open and the
diesel/electric relay is energized (indicating standby
mode).
Fuse Alarm
The English display for the Fuse alarm is “FUSE BAD .”
The code display is “AL15.” This alarm is generated
when the FUSE input is sensed low. When this alarm is
generated, the fault light will illuminate.
Alternator Auxiliary Alarm
The English display for the Alternator Auxiliary alarm is
“ALT AUX.” The code display is “AL7.” This alarm is
generated if the alternator auxiliary signal is not present
with the engine running. When this alarm is generated,
the fault light will illuminate.
Starter Motor Alarm
The English display for the Starter Motor alarm is
“STARTER.” The code display is “AL8.”This alarm is
generated if the starter motor input signal is not present
with starter solenoid energized. When this alarm is generated, the fault light will illuminate.
62--10828
2--10
Remote Compartment 2 Out-of-range Alarm
The English display for the Remote Compartment 2
alarm is “2RAS OUT.” The code display is “AL21.” This
alarm is generated when the second compartment temperature is outside the designated range from set point.
When this alarm is generated, the fault light will illuminate.
Remote Compartment 3 Out-of-range Alarm
The English display for the Remote Compartment 3
alarm is “3RAS OUT.” The code display is “AL22.” This
alarm is generated when the second compartment temperature is outside the designated range from set point.
When this alarm is generated, the fault light will illuminate.
No Power for Standby Alarm
The display for the No Power alarm is “NO POWER.”
This alarm is generated when the unit is placed in the
Standby mode and there is no power to the power supply detector
2.4.13 Stopping Instructions
To stop the unit, from any operating mode, place the I/O
(Cab Command) or RUN/STOP Switch in the OFF position.
System Check Alarm
The English display for the System Check alarm is
“SYSTEM CK.” The code display is “AL16.” This alarm
is generated when refrigerant system pressure is low.
The fault light will be illuminated by this alarm.
Display Alarm
The English display for the Display alarm is “DISPLAY.”
The code display is “AL17.” This alarm is generated
when no communications exist between the main board
and the display. The fault light will not be illuminated by
this alarm.
Maintenance Hour Meter 1 Alarm
The English display for the Maintenance Hour Meter 1
alarm is “SERVICE 1.” The code display is “AL18.” This
alarm is generated when the designated hour meter is
greater than maintenance hour meter 1. The fault light
will not be illuminated by this alarm.
Maintenance Hour Meter 2 Alarm
The English display for the Maintenance Hour Meter 2
alarm is “SERVICE 2.” The code display is “AL19.” This
alarm is generated when the designated hour meter is
greater than maintenance hour meter 2. The fault light
will not be illuminated by this alarm.
Out-Of-Range Alarm
The English display for the Out Of Range alarm is “OUT
RANGE.” The code display is “AL20.” This alarm is
generated when the main compartment temperature is
outside the designated range from set point. When this
alarm is generated, the fault light will illuminate.
2--11
62--10828
SECTION 3
CONTROL LOGIC AND TEMPERATURE CONTROL
3.1 MODES OF OPERATION
The operational software responds to various inputs.
These inputs come from the temperature and pressure
sensors, the temperature set point, the settings of the
configuration variables and the function code assignments. The action taken by the operational software will
change if any one of the inputs changes. Overall interaction of the inputs is described as a “mode” of operation.
The modes of operation include cooling, heat and defrost. Refer to Section 1.8 for a description of the refrigerant circuit.
If the unit is operating in AUTO START/STOP, a fourth
mode is added. This is the null mode. In the null mode,
the unit shuts down until further cooling or heating is
required.
The cooling mode is further divided into the perishable
(chill) range operation and frozen range operation. At
setpoints above 10°F (--12°C) the unit will operate in the
perishable range. In perishable range, all modes of operation are available to the microprocessor. At a setpoint of 10°F (--12°C) or below, the unit will operate in
the frozen range. In frozen range, heat is locked out and
only the cool and defrost modes are available to the
microprocessor. Heat lockout can be overridden by setting CNF4 to “ON.” See Table 4-4.
3.1.1 Startup and Pull Down -- Engine Operation
At startup, the unit operates in high speed heat (with
unloaders energized for 850 and 950 units). After 45
seconds the microprocessor checks to see if City Speed
is activated. If City Speed is activated, high speed is
locked out. The unit will be brought to low speed and the
following operations will all take place in low speed.
Also, the unit is locked in cooling during the oil pressure
delay. If heating is required, the unit will switch to heating
after the oil pressure delay time has expired.
If City Speed is not activated, the unit will remain in high
speed heat or cool for the selected minimum run time
(Function Code FN3).
As box temperature is reduced, the microprocessor will
switch to low speed at 2.2°F (1.2°C) above set point.
The microprocessor will switch from cool to heat at setpoint. If box temperature rises when in low speed pulldown, the microprocessor will switch back to high speed
at 2.7°F (1.5°C) above set point.
After completing the pulldown, switching points are no
longer at a fixed temperature point. The microprocessor
will monitor the rate of temperature reduction or increase, and switch operation as required to limit overshoot. This greatly increases the accuracy of the microprocessor.
The microprocessor will continue to monitor changes in
temperature and switch the unit between high speed
cool, low speed cool, low speed heat and high speed
heat as required to maintain desired temperature. If
AUTO START/STOP is activated, the microprocessor
will add a null mode at or near setpoint and shut down
the unit when conditions allow. See Figure 3-3.
The microprocessor will monitor temperature while in
the null mode and restart the unit following the same
procedures used to prevent overshoot when switching
to other modes. The length of time the unit will remain in
the null mode is also dependent on Function Code settings. Function Code FN2 will control the minimum off
time after shut down, Code FN3 will control the minimum on time before the null mode can be entered again,
Code FN6 will control the maximum off time or allow
temperature based restarting. Refer to Section 2.4.10
for Functional Parameter descriptions.
3.1.2 Startup and Pull Down -- Standby Operation
Operation in standby follows the same sequence as
operation on the engine except the standby motor operates at a single speed. The microprocessor will monitor
changes in temperature and switch the unit between the
cool mode, null mode and heat mode. The microprocessor will add the null mode at or near setpoint and de--energize the motor when conditions allow.
3.1.3 Null Mode Overrides
When in the null mode two conditions will override normal microprocessor off time and/or temperature control.
If the unit is in the Engine Drive or Standby mode and
battery voltage falls below 11 volts, the engine or motor
will be restarted to allow the alternator to recharge the
battery. If the unit is in the Engine Drive mode and the
engine coolant temperature drops below 34°F (1°C) the
engine will be restarted.
3--1
62-10828
3.1.6 Defrost Mode
Defrost is an independent cycle (overriding cooling and
heating functions) to de-ice the evaporator as required.
The controller displays “DF” during defrost mode on the
right hand temperature display. The left hand display will
continue to display the setpoint.
Defrost may only be initiated if the defrost termination
thermostat (DTT) is closed. The DTT closes, on a temperature fall, at 37°F (3°C) to signal the microprocessor
that the coil temperature is low enough to allow the build
up of frost. Defrost is terminated when the DTT opens
again, on a temperature rise, at 47°F (8°C) signaling the
microprocessor that the coil has been warmed to the
point that the frost buildup should have been removed.
During defrost the unit enters the heat mode and the
evaporator fans are de--energized. This will prevent the
circulation of warm air to the load. If the unit is shut down
for any reason during a defrost cycle (run relay is de--energized) the microprocessor defrost cycle is terminated
and the unit will restart normally.
For 950 units only, the defrost damper (if provided) is
closed at defrost start and is kept closed for 90 seconds
with heat on for 60 seconds after defrost has terminated.
a. Defrost Timer Initiation
Timed defrost is controlled by the setting of Functional
Parameter FN0 and may be set for 1.5, 3, 6 or 12 hours.
The microprocessor will place the unit into the defrost
mode each time the timer expires. The defrost timer
runs only when the defrost termination thermostat is
closed also, it does not accumulate time when the unit is
in the null mode. The defrost timer is reset to zero whenever a defrost cycle is initiated.
b. Defrost Air Switch Initiation
The Defrost Air switch is of the diaphragm type and it
measures the change in air pressure across the evaporator coil. When the pressure differential is increased to
set point, due to the formation of ice on the coil surface,
the switch closes to signal the microprocessor to place
the unit in the defrost mode.
c. Manual Defrost Initiation
Defrost may be initiated manually by pressing the
MANUAL DEFROST key.
d. Fail safe Defrost Termination
Should the defrost cycle not complete within 45 minutes
or if the external defrost signal does not clear at defrost
termination, the microprocessor places the unit in the
defrost override mode and the defrost cycle is terminated. The internal timer is reset for 1.5 hours, the Functional Parameter setting and Defrost Air switch signal is
ignored for defrost initiation. The manual defrost switch
will override this mode and start a new 45 minute cycle.
When defrost override is active, the appropriate alarm
will be indicated.
3.1.4 Dual Probe Operation
The microprocessor is fitted with a connection for a
second thermistor. This thermistor is installed in the
supply air stream and activated using Function Code
FN4. With Function Code FN4 set to “FN4 ON” or “REM
PROBE” the microprocessor is set for dual probe control.
With the microprocessor set for dual probe control, the
microprocessor will select the supply air probe for control when in Perishable Range operation and the return
air probe when in Frozen Range operation. Operating
on the supply air probe in the Perishable Range minimizes top freezing while operating on the return air
probe in the Frozen Range keeps the product at or
slightly below setpoint.
In the event of a probe failure on a single probe unit, the
unit will be shut down if operating in the Perishable
Range or switched to low speed cooling if operating in
the Frozen Range. When operating in the Frozen Range
and on standby, the unit continues to operate in cooling.
An alarm will be generated to advise the operator of the
probe failure.
With dual probe control, the microprocessor will switch
over to the other probe in the event of an “active” probe
failure. This allows continued “normal” operation. The
appropriate alarm will be generated to advise the operator of the probe failure.
3.1.5 Fuel Heater Operation
Energizing the heater relay provides a circuit to the fuel
heater thermostat (FHT). A thermostat (FHT), internal
to the fuel filter bowl, closes to energizes the fuel heater
(FH) at temperatures below the cut in setting.
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3--2
3.1.7 Unloading in Temperature Mode
NOTE
b. Perishable Cooling Unloader Control
Diesel
During perishable cooling the unloader is energized
when the temperature approaches setpoint. If a supply
probe is present the unloader is energized when the
supply temperature decreases 5.4_F (3_C) below setpoint. It will stay unloaded until the supply temperature
rises above setpoint. If a supply probe is not present the
unloader is energized when the return temperature
decreases more than 9_F (5_C) above setpoint. It will
stay unloaded until the return temperature rises more
than 14.4_F (8_C) above setpoint. The return probe logic is disabled for ambient temperature higher than 90_F
(32.2_C).
Standby
During perishable cooling the unloader is energized
when the control temperature reaches less than 2_F
(1.1_C) above setpoint. The unloader stay energized
until the control temperature reaches 2.5_F (1.4_C)
above setpoint.
c. Perishable Heating Unloader Control
Diesel
During perishable heating the front unloader is
energized when the control temperature increases to
0.9_F (0.5_C) below setpoint. The unloader will stay
energized until the control temperature decreases to
1.5_F (0.8_C) below setpoint.
NOTE
These switch points may vary slightly depending on the amount of overshoot around setpoint.
Standby
During perishable heating the unloader is energized
when the control temperature increases to 1.5_F
(0.8_C) below setpoint. The unloader will stay energized until the control temperature decreases to 2_F
(1.1_C) below setpoint.
d. Frozen Unloader Control
Diesel
During frozen mode, heating is not allowed. The
front unloader is energized when the control temperature decreases to 1.5_F (0.8_C) above setpoint. The
unloader will stay energized until the control temperature reaches 2_F (1.1_C) above setpoint.
Standby
During frozen mode, heating is not allowed. The
front unloader is energized when the control temperature decreases to 2_F (1.1_C) above setpoint. The
unloader will stay energized until the control temperature reaches 2.5_F (1.4_C) above setpoint.
The unloader relay is locked in for a minimum of
2 minutes once it is energized due to suction
pressure.
There are two modes of unloader operation: temperature control and suction pressure control (950 Only).
Temperature Control
a. Temperature Control Within 1.4_F (0.8_C) of
Setpoint
1. Cool light (CL) or heat light (HL) illuminated (depending on mode of operation).
2. If in low speed cooling, unloader relays (UFR)
may energize to unload compressor banks. Refer to
Table 3-1
3. In low speed heating, front unloader relay
(UFR) energizes to unload compressor bank.
SETPOINT
ABOVE
10_F ( -- 12_C)
Cylinder
SETPOINT
BELOW
10_F ( -- 12_C)
Cylinder
Table 3-1. Unloading in Temperature Mode
Cool High Speed
Cool Low Speed
Heat Low Speed
Heat Low Speed
Heat High Speed
6
4
4
6
6
Supra 922/944
Cool High Speed
6
Cool Low Speed
Cool Low Speed
6
4
3--3
62-10828
Suction Pressure Control (950 Only)
Diesel
The microprocessor will monitor suction pressure of the
refrigeration system and ambient temperature and control the unloader to maintain a maximum operating pressure based on these two values (via a pressure transducer).
For each operating mode (high speed engine, low speed
engine, standby) a specific varipower equation exists.
For a given ambient temperature, if the suction pressure
is below the equation value the compressor will run on
all cylinders. If not, two cylinders will be unloaded.
The unloader is energized during engine or standby
motor start.
a. At ambient temperatures of 90_F (32.2_C) or
below
When the system is operating at high speed and the
suction pressure drops below 33 psig, the front bank is
loaded.
When the system is operating at low speed and the
suction pressure drops below 35 psig, the front bank is
loaded.
b. At ambient temperatures of 90_F (32.2_C) or
higher
At ambient temperatures of 90_F or higher the unloading suction pressure settings relative to ambient
temperatures are a straight line. (Refer to chart below.)
Standby
At ambient temperatures of 90_F (32.2_C) or below
When the system is operating and the suction pressure drops below 26 psig, the front bank is loaded.
At ambient temperatures of 90_F (32.2_C) or higher
At ambient temperatures of 90_F or higher the unloading suction pressure settings relative to ambient
temperatures are a straight line. (Refer to chart below.)
STANDBY OPERATION
SUCTION PRESSURES UNLOADING
35
30
SUCTION
PRESSURE
(PSIG)
25
20
DIESEL OPERATION
SUCTION PRESSURES UNLOADING
40
80
LOW SPEED
(UF)
35
30
SUCTION
PRESSURE
(PSIG)
25
The refrigeration system will control discharge pressure
in both diesel and standby and will control the unloader
in the following manner:
Diesel
At discharge pressures of 440 ±10 PSIG (30 ± 0.7 Bar)
and higher the refrigeration system will be forced into
unloaded operation until the discharge pressure is reduced to 367 ±12 PSIG (25 ± 0.8 Bar)
20
15
90
100
110
120
Standby
130
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE
(°F)
UF=FRONT UNLOADER ENERGIZED
62-10828
90
100
110
120
130
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (_F)
High Ambient Control (850 Only)
HIGH
SPEE
D
(UF)
80
FRONT UNLOADER
The refrigeration system is controlled by the Standby
Unloader Front Relay (SUFR) and is always forced into
unloaded operation.
3--4
The microprocessor will now run the Auto Start Sequence (refer to Section 3.2.3) to start the engine. The
Glow Plug Relay (GPR) is energized to close a set of
contacts (SSC) and provide power to the Glow Plugs
(GP) as required to preheat the engine cylinders. The
Starter Solenoid Relay (SSR) will then be energized to
close a set of contacts and energize the Starter Solenoid (SS). Energizing SS closes a set of contacts to
energize the Starter Motor (SM) and crank the engine.
During cranking a signal is also supplied to microprocessor terminal L2. Once the engine starts and and the
alternator begins to produce power, the microprocessor
senses the power at terminal L3 and the start sequence
is terminated. The microprocessor ignores the Oil Pressure Switch (OP) signal for 15 seconds to allow the
engine time to develop sufficient pressure to close OP.
The unit will start in High Speed Heat with unloaders
energized (850 and 950) and fans de--energized. After
30 seconds the unit will revert to normal temperature
control.
Once the engine has started, the microprocessor will
complete the Defrost Transistor (DT) circuit to energize
the Electric Fan Motor Relays (EFMR 1 through 3)
which close contacts to energize the Electric (Evaporator) Fan Motors (EFM1 through 3).
The microprocessor continues to monitor inputs to determine required modes of operation. The inputs include
the Suction Pressure Transducer (SPT), Water temperature Sensor, Supply Air Sensor (SAS), and the Compressor Discharge Transducer (CDT).
As required, the microprocessor will take the following
actions:
On Supra 850 and 950 units, when in the low speed
mode, the microprocessor also energizes the Unloader
Front Relay (UFR). Energizing UFR closes a set of
contacts to energize the compressor unloader (UF) deactivating two cylinders.
For high ambient protection on Supra 850 units, the
unloader is controlled through the Compressor Clutch
Relay (CCR). CCR is energized through a second discharge pressure switch (HP2). If high pressure is below
367 psig (25 bar) the compressor is in 4 cylinder operation (2 cylinder for 950). If pressure is above 440 psig (30
Bar) the compressor is in 4 or 6 cylinder operation.
On call for heat, the Heater Relay (HR1) is energized to
close a set of contacts and energize the hot gas bypass
solenoid valve (HGS2) and the hot gas valve (HGS1)
placing the unit in the heat mode. If the unit is equipped
with hot water heat, the contactor will open the hot water
heat solenoid valve. Units equipped with electric heat
will energize the heater elements.
On call for defrost, the microprocessor energizes the hot
gas bypass valve (HGS2) and the hot gas valve (HGS1)
in the same manner as in heat. Also, DT is de--energized, stopping the evaporator fan motors.
3.1.8 Auto Diesel Restart (Option)
If AC power is lost for five minutes or more, configuration
10 is active and TIME START is enabled, the diesel
engine will start and run until AC power is restored and
applied for five minutes. When the five minute shutdown
timer expires and AC power is present, the unit will shut
down the diesel engine and restart the standby motor. If
AC power is NOT present, the diesel engine will operate
as required.
Once the unit has cycled off, it will remain off for the
minimum off time of five minutes. This prevents rapid
cycling due to changes in air temperature. Air temperature in the box changes rapidly but it takes time for the
product temperature to change.
3.2 SEQUENCE OF OPERATION
3.2.1 Engine Drive
Refer to SECTION 6 for a schematic diagram of the unit
controls. To facilitate location of the components referred to in the written text, the schematic has map
coordinates added to the margins. These locations
have also been added to the legend. In order to provide
complete information, the following description is written as if all options are installed. Indications of specific
unit applicability and optional equipment are provided
on the schematic diagram. The microprocessor controls
operation of the various relays and components by completing or by breaking the circuit to ground.
To start the unit, place the the RUN/STOP Switch ( RSS)
in the RUN position and the cab command I/O Switch in
the ON position. Operation of the control circuit is the
same for microprocessor or manual start except on
units equipped with a Manual Glow/Crank Switch
(MGC), the operator may use that switch to energize the
glow plugs and crank the engine.
With the switches positioned, the ROAD key is pressed
to begin the start process. Power flows from RSS
through fuse F2 to the Run Control Relay (RCR). RCR is
grounded by the microprocessor through the Door
Switch Relay (DSR) and cab command to energize
RCR. The RCR contacts close to provide power to the
control relays. Power to the Run Relay (RR) is dependent on the High Pressure Switch (HPS) being closed. If
the high pressure switch is open, power will not be applied to microprocessor terminal M1 and operation will
not be allowed.
Energizing RR closes a set of contacts to supply power
to the alternator (ALT), Run Solenoid (RS), Fuel Pump
(FP) and Fuel Heater Relay (FHR). RS energizes to
open the engine fuel rack, FP energizes to pump fuel to
the injection pump and FHR energizes to close a set of
contacts supplying power to the fuel heater thermostat.
The fuel heater thermostat closes to energize the fuel
heater at temperatures below the option setting. The
engine is thus prepared for start up.
3--5
62-10828
As required, the microprocessor will take the following
actions:
3.2.2 Standby
Refer to SECTION 6 for a schematic diagram of the unit
controls. To facilitate location of the components referred to in the written text, the schematic has map
coordinates added to the margins. These locations
have also been added to the legend. In order to provide
complete information, the following description is written as if all options are installed. Indications of specific
unit applicability and optional equipment are provided
on the schematic diagram. The microprocessor controls
operation of the various relays and components by completing or by breaking the circuit to ground.
To start the unit, place the RUN/STOP Switch (RSS) in
the RUN position and the cab command I/O Switch in
the ON position.
With the switches positioned, the STANDBY key is
pressed to begin the start process. When the STANDBY
key is pressed, the microprocessor provides a ground
path to energize the Diesel Electric Relay (DER). Energizing DER opens a set to contacts to break the circuit to
the engine drive controls and closes a set of contacts to
allow power to the electric drive controls.
Power flows from RSS through fuse F2 to the Run Control Relay (RCR). RCR is grounded by the microprocessor through the Door Switch Relay (DSR) and cab command to energize RCR. The RCR contacts close to
provide power to the control relays. Power to the Run
Relay (RR) is dependent on the High Pressure Switch
(HP1) being closed. If the high pressure switch is open,
power will not be applied to microprocessor terminal M1
and operation will not be allowed.
Energizing RR closes a set of contacts to supply power
through the motor Overload (OL) to the Motor Contactor
(MC1). Energizing MC1 closes it’s contacts to start the
Standby Motor (SBM).
On Supra 850 units, power is also supplied from the
DER contacts to energize the Standby Unloader Front
Relay (SUFR). Energizing SUFR opens a set of normally closed contacts in the power line to the unloader
preventing unloaded operation.
The unit will start in High Speed Heat with unloaders on
and fans off. After 30 seconds the unit will revert to
normal temperature control.
Once the motor starts the alternator begins to produce
power. The microprocessor senses the power at terminal L3 and it will complete the Defrost Transistor (DT)
circuit to energize the Electric Fan Motor Relays (EFMR
1 through 3). The relays close contacts to energize the
Electric (Evaporator) Fan Motors (EFM1 through 3).
The microprocessor continues to monitor inputs to determine required modes of operation. The inputs include
the Suction Pressure Transducer (SPT), Return Air
Sensor(RAS), Supply Air Sensor (SAS), and the Compressor Discharge Transducer (CDT) .
62-10828
On call for heat, the Heat Relay (HR) is energized to
close a set of contacts and energize the hot gas bypass
solenoid valve (HGS2) and the hot gas valve (HGS1)
placing the unit in the heat mode. In the heat mode the
microprocessor also energizes the Evaporator Heat
Relay (EHR). Energizing EHR closes a set of contacts
to energize the Evaporator heat Contactor (EHC) which
closes it’s contacts to energize the Evaporator Heaters.
On call for defrost, the microprocessor energizes the hot
gas bypass solenoid valve (HGS2) and the hot gas
valve (HGS1) in the same manner as in heat. Also, DT is
de--energized, stopping the evaporator fan motors.
3.2.3 Auto Start Sequence
Refer to SECTION 6 for a schematic diagram of the unit
controls. To facilitate location of the components referred to in the written text, the schematic has map
coordinates added to the margins. These locations
have also been added to the legend. In order to provide
complete information, the following description is written as if all options are installed. Indications of specific
unit applicability and optional equipment are provided
on the schematic diagram. The microprocessor controls
operation of the various relays and components by completing or by breaking the circuit to ground.
The Auto Start Sequence will begin once conditions for
engine starting have been established, and the Run
Relay (RR) has been energized to provide power to the
Run Solenoid (RS), Fuel Pump (FP) and Fuel Heater
(FH). Refer to Section 3.2.1 for control circuit operation.
The sequence consists of three start attempts each
including a predetermined period with the glow plugs
energized and operation of the starter motor (see
Figure 3-1).
Five seconds after the run relay is energized, the microprocessor will start the sequence by energizing the glow
plug relay (GPR) to supply power to the glow plugs. See
Table 3-2 for glow times.
If the Manual Glow Override Function Parameter is set
to “NORMAL,” the glow time for the first start attempt will
vary in duration based on engine coolant temperature
as follows:
Table 3-2. Default Manual Glow Time
Engine Coolant Temperature
3--6
Glow Time in
Seconds
Less than 32_F (0_C)
15
33_F to 50_F (1_C to 10_C)
10
51_F to 77_F (11_C to 25_C)
5
Greater than 78_F (26_C)
0
REPEAT FIRST
+ 5 Seconds
GLOW
THIRD
ATTEMPT
15 Seconds
STOP
REPEAT FIRST
+ five seconds
GLOW
If the engine has not started, a 15 second null cycle will
elapse before subsequent start attempts. The run relay
will remain energized during the null cycle.
Before the next starting sequence, the oil pressure and
alternator auxiliary input is checked to insure that the engine is not running. For the second and third start attempts
the glow time is increased by five seconds over the glow
time of the first attempt. The control allows three consecutive start attempts before starting is locked out and the
start failure alarm is activated.
SECOND
ATTEMPT
15 Seconds
STOP
MAXIMUM
10 Seconds
Checked at CRANK
2 Seconds*
VARIABLE
0 to 85 SECONDS
GLOW
temperature is below 32°F (0°C)] or until engine operation is sensed by the microprocessor at alternator signal
input at terminal L3.
If battery voltage drops below 10 volts at any point during the Auto Start Sequence, the sequence will be
stopped and the start failure alarm is activated.
FIRST
ATTEMPT
The system is configured for cooling mode for engine or
standby start (default mode). Once unit is considered
running it will maintain setpoint temperature by switching between heat and cool.
GLOW
When in the null mode two conditions will override normal microprocessor off time and/or temperature control.
If the unit is in the Engine Drive or Standby mode and
battery voltage falls below 11 volts, the engine or motor
will be restarted to allow the alternator to recharge the
battery. If the unit is in the Engine Drive mode and the
engine coolant temperature drops below 34°F (1°C) the
engine will be restarted.
* Starter engagement time is increased to 20 seconds
when the water temperature sensor is at 32°F (0°C) or
below
Figure 3-1. Auto Start Sequence
The second and third start attempts have a glow time
that is five seconds greater than the table amount.
If the Manual Glow Override Function Parameter is set
to “ADD GLOW” the additional time will be added to the
first attempt. Actual time added to the second and third
attempts will vary with ambient temperature.
After the glow time has expired, the starter solenoid
(SS) is energized to crank the engine. The engine will
crank for 10 seconds [20 seconds if engine coolant
General operation sequences for cooling, null, and
heating are provided in the following paragraphs. The
microprocessor automatically selects the mode necessary to maintain box temperature at setpoint.
3--7
62-10828
CONTINUOUS MODE
DIESEL
2.7°F (1.5°C)
0.5°F (0.3°C)
Perishable
setpoint
>10.4°F ( - 12_C)
HS Cool
0.5°F (1.2°C)
Cool
LS Cool
LS Heat
--2.2°F(- 1.2°C)
0.5°F (0.3°C)
Perishable
--0.5°F (--0.3°C) setpoint
>10.4°F ( - 12_C)
--0.5°F (--0.3°C)
Heat
--2.7°F (- 1.5°C)
HS Heat
3.6°F (2°C)
STANDBY
HS Cool
2.2°F (1.2°C)
Frozen
setpoint
>10.4°F ( - 12_C)
LS Cool
Frozen
setpoint
>10.4°F ( - 12_C)
Cool
SUPRA 550/650/750/850
Figure 3-2 TEMPERATURE CONTROL SEQUENCE -- CONTINUOUS MODE
62-10828
3--8
START / STOP MODE
DIESEL
STANDBY
START
2.7°F (1.5°C)
START
3.6°F (2°C)
HS Cool
3.6°F (2°C)
0.5°F (1.2°C)
Cool
LS Cool
0.5°F (0.3°C)
Perishable
setpoint
>10.4°F ( - 12_C)
--2.2°F(- 1.2°C)
0.5°F (0.3°C)
STOP
--0.5°F
(--0.3°C)
LS Heat
--2.7°F (- 1.5°C)
--3.6°F (- 2°C)
HS Heat
START
3.6°F (2°C)
Perishable
setpoint
>10.4°F
( - 12_C)
START
HS Cool
--0.5°F
(--0.3°C)
Heat
--3.6°F (- 2°C)
START
3.6°F (2°C)
Cool
0.5°F (1.2°C)
LS Cool
0.5°F (0.3°C)
Frozen
setpoint
>10.4°F ( - 12_C)
OFF
3.6°F
(2°C)
0.5°F
(0.3°C)
Frozen
setpoint
>10.4°F ( - 12_C)
STOP
STOP
SUPRA 550/650/750/850
Figure 3-3 TEMPERATURE CONTROL SEQUENCE -- START / STOP MODE
3--9
62-10828
CONTINUOUS MODE
STANDBY
DIESEL
HS Cool -- 6 cyl
2.7°F (1.5°C)
Cool - 6 cyl
0.5°F (1.2°C)
0.5°F (0.3°C)
Perishable
setpoint
>10.4°F ( - 12_C)
2.5°F (1.4°C)
LS Cool - 4 cyl
LS Heat - 4 cyl
--0.5°F
(--0.3°C)
Perishable
0.5°F
setpoint
(0.3°C)
>10.4°F ( - 12_C)
Cool - 4 cyl
2.0°F
(1.1°C)
Heat - 4 cyl
--0.5°F
(--0.3°C)
--1.4°F (- 0.8°C)
--2.2°F(- 1.2°C)
Heat - 6 cyl
HS Heat - 6 cyl
--2.0°F
(--1.1°C)
--2.7°F (- 1.5°C)
LS Cool -- 6 cyl
3.6°F (2°C)
2.5°F (1.4°C)
Frozen
setpoint
>10.4°F ( - 12_C)
HS Cool - 6 cyl
L S Co
o l 6 cyl
Cool - 6 cyl
0.5°F (1.2°C)
2.0°F (1.1°C)
1.4°F (0.8°C)
Frozen
setpoint
< -12_C
LS Cool
4 cyl
Cool - 4 cyl
Cool - 4 cyl
SUPRA 950
Figure 3-4 TEMPERATURE CONTROL SEQUENCE -- CONTINUOUS MODE
62-10828
3--10
2.0°F
(1.1°C)
START / STOP MODE
DIESEL
STANDBY
START
HS Cool - 6 cyl
2.7°F (1.5°C)
3.6°F (2°C)
3.6°F (2°C)
2.0°F
(1.1°C)
0.5°F (1.2°C)
LS Cool - 4 cyl
0.5°F (0.3°C)
Perishable
setpoint
>10.4°F
( - 12_C)
--2.2°F(- 1.2°C)
STOP
LS Heat - 4 cyl
HS Heat - 6 cyl
Perishable
setpoint
> -12C
--0.5°F
(--0.3°C)
0.5°F (0.3°C)
--2.7°F (- 1.5°C)
--3.6°F (--2°C)
2.5°F (1.4°C)
0.5°F (0.3°C)
Frozen
setpoint
>10.4°F
( - 12_C)
START
HS Cool
LS
- 6 cyl
Co
ol
6 cyl
LS Cool
Cool - 6 cyl
Cool - 4 cyl
--3.6°F
(- 2°C)
3.6°F (2°C)
1.4°F
(0.8°C)
Heat - 4 cyl
--1.4°F (- 0.8°C)
START
3.6°F (2°C)
--0.5°F
(--0.3°C)
START
Heat - 6 cyl
--2.0°F
(--1.1°C)
START
o
Cool - 6 cyl
2.5°F (1.4°C)
0.5°F (1.2°C)
2.0°F
(1.1°C)
Cool - 4 cyl
Frozen
setpoint
>10.4°F ( - 12_C)
2.0°F
(1.1°C)
0.5°F
(0.3°C)
STOP
STOP
SUPRA 950
Figure 3-5 TEMPERATURE CONTROL SEQUENCE -- START / STOP MODE
3--11
62-10828
SECTION 4
SERVICE
WARNING
Beware of V-belts and belt driven components as the unit may start automatically. Before
servicing unit, make sure the RUN/STOP Switch is in the STOP position. Also disconnect the
negative battery cable.
CAUTION
Unit with R404A and POE oil, the use of inert gas brazing procedures is mandatory; otherwise
compressor failure will occur. For more information see Technical Procedure 98-50553-00 Inert Gas Brazing
NOTE
To avoid damage to the earth’s ozone layer, use a refrigerant recovery system whenever removing refrigerant. When working with refrigerants you must comply with all local government environmental
laws, U.S.A. EPA section 608.
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE Supra 550 (see Table 4-1 for description of required service)
REQUIRED SERVICE
FILTER TYPE
Petroleum OIl Without
Bypass Oil Filter
A
B
B
BC
BD
B
BE
F1/F2
Hours
250
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
6000/
12000
Petroleum Oil With
Bypass Oil Filter
A
B
B
C
B
D
B
BE
F1/F2
Hours
250
600
1200
1500
1800
2000
2400
3000
6000/
12000
Synthetic OIl Without
Bypass Oil Filter
A
B
C
BD
BE
F1/F2
Hours
250
1000
1500
2000
3000
6000/
12000
Synthetic Oil With Bypass Oil Filter
A
B
C
D
B
E
F1/F2
Hours
250
1200
1500
2000
2400
3000
6000/
12000
4--1
62--10828
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE Supra 650/ 750/ 850 (see Table 4-1 for description of required service)
FILTER TYPE
REQUIRED SERVICE
Petroleum OIl Without
Bypass Oil Filter
A
B
BC
D
B
BE
F1/F2
Hours
250
750
1500
2000
2250
3000
6000/12000
Petroleum Oil With
Bypass Oil Filter
A
B
C
BD
BE
F1/F2
Hours
250
1000
1500
2000
3000
6000/12000
Synthetic OIl Without
Bypass Oil Filter
A
BC
D
BE
F1/F2
Hours
250
1500
2000
3000
6000/12000
Synthetic Oil With Bypass Oil Filter
A
C
BD
E
B
F1/F2
Hours
250
1500
2000
3000
4000
6000/12000
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE Supra 950 (see Table 4-1 for description of required service)
FILTER TYPE
REQUIRED SERVICE
Petroleum OIl Without
Bypass Oil Filter
A
B
C
BD
BE
F1/F2
Hours
250
1050
1500
2000
3000
6000/12000
Petroleum Oil With
Bypass Oil Filter
A
C
BD
E
B
B/F1/F2
Hours
250
1500
2000
3000
4000
6000/12000
OIL CHANGE INTERVALS
Unit Model
Oil Type
Supra 550
Supra
650/750/850
Supra 950
Petroleum*
500 Hours
750 Hours
1000 Hours
W/Bypass Filter *
600 Hours
1000 Hours
N/A
Synthetic**
1000 Hours
1500 Hours
2000 Hours
W/Bypass Filter**
1200 Hours
2000 Hours
N/A
* Maximum oil drain interval is one year (12 months).
** Mobil Delvac1 is the only approved synthetic oil. Maximum oil drain interval
is two years. Oil filter change required once a year (every 12 months).
62--10828
4--2
WARNING
Inspect battery cables for signs of wear, abrasion or damage at every Pre--Trip inspection and replace
if necessary. Also check battery cable routing to ensure that clamps are secure and that cables are
not pinched or chafing against any components.
Service A
Service B
Service C
Table 4-1 Service Category Descriptions
1.Check the engine cooling system
Service D 1. Replace oil filter.
2. Check and clean air filter.
2. Clean radiator and condenser.
3. Check all belts.
3. Check refrigerant level.
4. Check all hardware and unit mountService E 1. Change fan motor brushes.
ing bolts for tightness.
2. Check and rebuild alternator.
3. Check engine speed:
1. Change lube oil and filter(s)
550/850 High -- 2300 to 2350
2. Check engine cooling system.
Low -- 1800 to 1850
3. Check and clean air filter.
650/750/950 High: 2200--2250
4. Check all belts.
Low: 1800 --1850
1 .Check fuel pump filter.
Service
1. Check all belt tension pulley bear2. Replace air filter cartridge.
F1(Std.
ings.
3. Check battery terminals and fluid
Coolant)
2. Change antifreeze and flush cooling
level.
F2 (Ext.
system.*
Life Cool- 3. Check bearings in clutch and electric
4. Check compressor oil level. Use
ant)
motors.
polyol ester oil (POE) approved by
4. Clean and adjust fuel injectors.**
CARRIER.
5. Check alternator brushes. Check in
accordance with diesel hours PLUS
standby hours.
6. Check engine thermostat for proper
operation.
7. Check defrost:
S Check timer setting and function.
S Check refrigerant control valves
for proper operation.
S Check that fans stop.
S Check defrost ends
automatically.
S Check water drainage from
evaporator.
8. Check fan motor brushes.
9. Check and adjust rocker arms.
10. Replace belts as necessary.
NOTES:
* Do not mix standard coolant/antifreeze and extended life coolant/antifreeze. Verify coolant prior to
adding any “make--up” coolant/antifreeze.
** Refer to the engine manual for correct procedure and settings.
Change 6/09
4--3
62--10828
a. Remove all foreign material from the radiator/condenser coil by reversing the normal air flow. (Air is
pulled in through the front and discharges over the
standby motor.) Compressed air or water may be
used as a cleaning agent. It may be necessary to use
warm water mixed with any good commercial dishwasher detergent. Rinse coil with fresh water if a detergent is used.
b. Drain coolant by removing lower radiator hose and radiator cap.
c. Install hose and fill system with clean, untreated water to which three to five percent of an alkaline based
radiator cleaner should be added (six ounces -- dry
151 grams to one gallon = 3.78 liters) of water.
d. Run engine 6 to 12 hours and drain system while
warm. Rinse system three times after it has cooled
down. Refill system with water.
e. Run engine to operating temperature. Drain system
again and fill with treated water/anti-freeze. (see Caution and refer to section 1.2) NEVER POUR COLD
WATER INTO A HOT ENGINE, however hot water
can always be added to a cold engine.
4.1 SERVICING ENGINE RELATED
COMPONENTS
4.1.1 Cooling System
The condenser and radiator can be cleaned at the same
time. The radiator must be cleaned internally as well as
externally to maintain adequate cooling. See
Figure 4-1.
The condenser and radiator are incorporated into a
single assembly. The condenser fans draw the air
through the condenser and radiator coil. To provide
maximum air flow the condenser fan belt should be
checked periodically and adjusted if necessary to prevent slippage.
CAUTION
Use only ethylene glycol anti-freeze (with
inhibitors) in system as glycol by itself will
damage the cooling system.
Always add pre-mixed 50/50 anti-freeze and
water to radiator/engine. Never exceed
more than a 50% concentration of anti-freeze. Use a low silicate anti-freeze.
Water
Temperature
Sensor
Thermostat
Coolant outlet
(hot side)
Pressure cap
Overflow Tank
Coolant pump
Coolant inlet
(cold side)
Figure 4-1. Coolant System
After warming up the engine, stop engine, remove drain
plug from oil reservoir and drain engine lube oil.
Replace filter(s), lightly oil gasket on filter before installing and add lube oil. (Refer to section 1.6.1) Warm up
engine and check for leaks.
4.1.2 Changing Lube Oil and Lube Oil Filters
CAUTION
When changing oil filters, the new filters
should be primed with clean oil. If the filters
are not primed, the engine may operate for a
period with no oil supplied to the bearings.
62--10828
4--4
4.1.3 Replacing the Speed and Run Control
Solenoids
a. Run Solenoid (see Figure 4-2).
1. Remove spring (item 2) from the engine run lever.
2. Disconnect wiring to solenoid. Remove clip (item 5)
from linkage rod (item 4). Remove mounting hardware and solenoid.
3. Attach linkage to new solenoid and install the clip to
the linkage rod. Install the replacement solenoid and
mounting hardware loosely. Connect the ground
wire and spring.
4. Energize the solenoid with a jumper wire connected
to a battery. Slide the solenoid far enough back on
the bracket to set the engine run lever (item 3)
against the stop. Tighten solenoid mounting hardware.
5. De-energize the solenoid. If the engine does not shut
off, repeat step 4 and adjust the solenoid forward
slightly. When operating correctly, tighten solenoid
mounting hardware and reconnect the positive wire.
b. Speed Control Solenoid (see Figure 4-2).
1. Remove spring (item 7) from the engine speed lever
(item 9).
2. Disconnect wiring to solenoid. Disconnect linkage
rod (item 8) from solenoid. Remove mounting hardware and solenoid.
3. Attach linkage to new solenoid and install the clip
(item 5) to the linkage rod. Install the replacement
solenoid and mounting hardware loosely. Connect
the ground wire and spring.
4. Energize the solenoid with a jumper wire connected
to a battery. Slide the solenoid far enough back on
the bracket to set the engine speed lever against the
stop. Tighten solenoid mounting hardware.
5. Check engine speed. Speed may be verified using a
strobe, Carrier Transicold P/N 07-00206.
6. Disconnect the jumper wire and start the engine. The
engine is in low speed. Refer to section 1.6 for
engine speed. Reconnect the jumper wire to energize the solenoid. The engine should increase to
high speed. If engine speed is not correct (engine lever against stop), stop engine and move the solenoid
forward slightly. Repeat procedure if adjustments
need to be made.
7. When operating correctly, tighten solenoid mounting
hardware and reconnect the positive wire.
8. If adjustment is not achieved by doing step 6, stop
engine and remove linkage from solenoid. Remove
boot (item 10) from solenoid and pull solenoid shaft
out (far enough to loosen jam nut on solenoid shaft).
Energize solenoid for maximum force (pull) and then
turn shaft clockwise to shorten.
9. De-energize solenoid, tighten shaft jam nut and replace boot. Connect linkage and repeat steps 5 and
6.
4.1.4 Engine Air Cleaner
a. Inspection
The air cleaner, hose and connections should be inspected for leaks. A damaged air cleaner or hose can
seriously affect the performance and life of the engine. If
housing has been dented or damaged, check all connections immediately.
Stop engine, remove air filter. Install new air filter.
When inspecting air cleaner housing and hoses, check
the connections for mechanical tightness and look for
fractures in the inlet and outlet hoses. When leakage
occurs and adjustment does not correct the problem,
replace necessary parts or gaskets. Swelled or distorted gaskets must always be replaced.
1
10
10
2
5
5
4
8
3
9
7
6
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Run Solenoid
Spring (Run Control)
Engine Run Lever
Linkage Rod (Run)
Clip
Speed Solenoid
7. Spring
(Speed Control)
8. Linkage Rod
(Speed )
9. Engine Speed Lever
10. Boot
Figure 4-2. Speed and Run Control Solenoids
4--5
62--10828
4.1.5 Fuel Filter and Fuel Circuit
Restrictor fitting
Injection pump
Return tube
Bleed port
Fuel filter
Fuel pump
Injectors
Supply line
Return line
Figure 4-3. Fuel System
a. Checking fuel circuit
1. The engine must run with bleed port slightly unscrewed. This indicates that the injection pump pressure is greater than 1.47 psig (0.1 Bar). Check for air
leakages and clean fuel lines if pressure isn’t correct.
2. The electrical pump is designed to deliver 10.30 psig
(0.7 Bar). The fuel circuit flow rate in the return line is
about 1.32 Gal (5 liters) per hour.
b. Changing the fuel filter
3
1
2
1. Bowl
2.Gasket
3. Filter
4.Connector
CAUTION
When changing fuel filter, the new filter
should be filled with clean fuel.
Figure 4-4. Electric Fuel Pump
c. Verify fuel pump capability
1. Remove fuel pump from the system. Connect a manometer to pump outlet. Energize fuel pump with a
small quantity of fuel.
2. At zero flow, the fuel pump should provide about
10.30 psig (0.7 Bar) of pressure at the pump outlet.
SPulsation frequency high -- fuel circuit has low pressure drop/high flow
SPulsation frequency low (or null) -- high pressure
drop inside the circuit -- low or zero flow Check for restriction inside the circuit.
1. Remove cover, gasket and filter.
2. Wash filter in cleaning solvent and blow out with air
pressure. Clean cover.
3. To Install reverse above steps.
4. After changing fuel filter, operate the electrical pump
to bleed the fuel circuit properly before starting the
engine.
62--10828
4
4--6
The alternator and regulator are housed in a single assembly. A diagram for alternator troubleshooting or replacement is provided below. See Figure 4-5.
a. Inspection
Verify tightness of connections. If excitation wire is disconnected the unit will display ALT AUX and battery will
not recharge during unit operation.
b. Brushes (Maintenance Schedule and Table 4-1)
1. Make sure battery terminals and alternator exciter
cable are disconnected.
2. Remove the two screws holding the regulator.
3. Replace the brushes.
4. Reassemble the regulator.
c. Voltage control
1. Power up the unit.
2. Press UNIT DATA until voltage measurement output
is displayed.
4.1.6 Servicing Glow Plugs
When servicing, the glow plug is to be fitted carefully into
the cylinder head to prevent damage to glow plug.
Torque value for the glow plug is 6 to 11 ft-lb (0.8 to 1.5
mkg).
Checking for a Defective Glow Plug
a. One method is to place an ammeter (or clip-on ammeter) in series with each glow plug and energize the
plugs. Each plug (if good) should show amperage
draw of 8 to 10 amps.
b. A second method is to disconnect the wire connection
to the plug and test the resistance from the plug to a
ground on the engine block.
4.1.7 Alternator
CAUTION
Observe proper polarity, reverse polarity
will destroy the diodes. As a precaution,
disconnect positive terminal when charging.
2
3
L
1
B --
4
1.
2.
3.
4.
Positive Output
Terminal
Regulator
12vdc Test Lamp
Terminal
Ground Terminal
B+
Figure 4-5. 70 Amp Alternator (P/N 30--60050--04)
4--7
62--10828
4.2 SERVICING AND ADJUSTING V-BELTS
When installing any new belts , preset the tension to the
setting specified in the ”New Install Tension column.”
After initial run in, check the tension; it should settle out
to the setting specified in the ”Running Tension” column.
If the run tension is below the ”Running Tension” range,
re--tighten the belt to a value within this range. Refer to
Table 4-2.
Table 4-2. Belt Tension (See Figure 4-7)
WARNING
Beware of V-belts and belt driven components as the unit may start automatically.
4.2.1 Belt Tension Gauge
Use a belt tension gauge (Carrier P/N 07-00203, see
Figure 4-7) when replacing or adjusting V-belts. The belt
tension gauge provides an accurate and easy method of
adjusting belts to their proper tension. Properly adjusted
belts give long lasting and efficient service. Too much tension shortens belt and bearing life, and too little tension
causes slippage and excessive belt wear. It is also important to keep belts and sheaves free of any foreign material
which may cause the belts to slip.
The belt tension gauge can be used to adjust all belts.
The readings which we specify for Carrier Transicold
units are applicable only for our belts and application, as
the tension is dependent on the size of the belt and
distance between sheaves. When using this gauge, it
should be placed as close as possible to the midpoint
between two sheaves. (See Figure 4-6)
Standby
Motor
2
1
BELTS
Water pump
Engine to
Compressor
Alternator
Standby Motor to
Compressor
New Install
Running
Tension
Tension
(ft./lbs)
(ft./lbs)
30 to 50
90
80 to 90
50
40 to 50
90
80 to 90
3
Engine
Supra 850 & 950
1
2
3
Figure 4-7 Belt Tension Gauge
(Part No. 07-00203)
4.2.2 Alternator V-Belt
a. Make sure negative battery terminal is disconnected.
b. Place V-belt on alternator sheave and driving pulley.
c. Pivot alternator to place tension on belt using hand
force only. Do not use pry bar or excessive force as it
may cause bearing failure. For correct belt tension
see Table 4-2. Tighten pivot and adjustment bolts.
4.2.3 Water Pump Belt Tensioner
Water pump belt is driven by the diesel engine crankshaft pulley. The automatic belt tensioner ensures the
correct tension.
To change the water pump belt, proceed as follows:
a. To compress the tensioner spring, place a threaded
bolt or rod into hole and turn clockwise. This will draw
the spring up and slacken V-belt for easy removal.
b. After replacing V-belt, remove the bolt to release the
spring to return the idler to it’s correct tension.
Standby
Motor
Engine
Supra 550/650 and 750
1
2
3
Engine to Compressor V-belt
Alternator V-belt
Standby Motor to Compressor V-belt
Figure 4-6. V-Belt Arrangement
The V-belts must be kept in good condition with the
proper tension to provide adequate air movement
across the coils.
62--10828
4--8
4.3.3 Removing the Manifold Gauge Set
1. While the compressor is still ON, backseat the high
side service valve.
2. Midseat both hand valves on the manifold gauge set
and allow the pressure in the manifold gauge set to
be drawn down to low side pressure. This returns
any liquid that may be in the high side hose to the
system.
4.2.4 Standby Motor--Compressor V-Belt
a. Remove alternator V-belt. (Refer to Section 4.2.2)
b. Loosen the V-belt idler securing bolt (22mm).
c. Replace V-belt and alternator V-belt. Position the idler to
correct belt tension. Tighten the idler retaining bolt.
4.2.5 Engine--Compressor V-Belts
a. To allow for easy removal, installation and adjustment of
the V-belts, it is recommended that the muffler be disconnected from the muffler bracket and moved.
b. Remove alternator V-belt. (Refer to Section 4.2.2)
c. Remove the standby motor--compressor V-belt.
(Refer to Section 4.2.4)
d. Loosen belt idler bolt (24 mm). Move idler to remove
V-belts.
e. Replace V-belts. Position the idler to the correct belt
tension. Tighten the idler retaining bolt.
CAUTION
To prevent trapping liquid refrigerant in the
manifold gauge set be sure set is brought to
suction pressure before disconnecting.
3. Backseat the low side service valve. Frontseat both
manifold set hand valves. Remove the refrigeration
hoses from the access valves.
4. Install both service valve stem caps (finger-tight
only).
4.3 INSTALLING MANIFOLD GAUGE SET
A manifold gauge/hose set is required for service of
models covered within this manual. The manifold
gauge/hose set is available from Carrier Transicold.
(Carrier Transicold P/N 07-00314-00, which includes
items 1 through 4, Figure 4-8). To perform service using
the manifold gauge/hose set, do the following:
4.3.1 Preparing Manifold Gauge/Hose Set For Use
a. If the manifold gauge/hose set is new or was
exposed to the atmosphere it will need to be evacuated to remove contaminants and air as follows:
b. Connect high and low side hoses to blank connections on back of manifold gauge set and midseat
both hand valves.
c. Connect the yellow hose to a vacuum pump and an
R-404a cylinder.
d. Evacuate to 10 inHg (254mmHg) and then charge
with R-404a to a slightly positive pressure of 1.0 psig
(0.07 Bar).
e. Front seat both manifold gauge set hand valves and
disconnect from cylinder. The gauge set is now
ready for use.
4.3.2 Connecting Manifold Gauge/Hose Set
To connect the manifold gauge/hose set for reading
pressures, do the following:
a. Remove service valve stem cap and check to make
sure it is backseated. Remove access valve cap.
b. Connect the refrigeration hose (see Figure 4-8) to
the access valve.
c. Read system pressures.
d. Repeat the procedure to connect the other side of
the gauge set.
Low Pressure
Gauge
1
Closed
(Frontseated)
Hand Valve
Opened
(Backseated )
Hand Valve
To Low Side
3
BLUE
4
1.
2.
3.
4.
High Pressure
Gauge
To High Side
2
2
3
RED
3
YELLOW 4
Manifold Gauge Set
Hose Fitting
Refrigeration and/or Evacuation Hose)
Hose Fitting w/core depressor
Figure 4-8 Manifold Gauge Set
4--9
62--10828
b. Removing the Refrigerant Charge
Connect a refrigerant recovery system ( Carrier p/n
MVS--115--F--L--CT (115V) or MVS--240--F--L--CT
(240V) ) to the unit to remove refrigerant charge. Refer
to instruction provided by the manufacture of the refrigerant recovery system.
4.4 PUMPING THE UNIT DOWN OR
REMOVING THE REFRIGERANT CHARGE
NOTE
To avoid damage to the earth’s ozone layer, use
a refrigerant recovery system whenever removing refrigerant.
4.5 REFRIGERANT LEAK CHECKING
a. Pumping the Unit Down
To service the filter-drier, expansion valve, CPR valve or
evaporator coil, pump most of refrigerant into condenser coil and receiver as follows:
1. Backseat suction and discharge service valve (turn
counterclockwise) to close off gauge connection and
attach manifold gauges to valves.
2. Open valves two turns (clockwise). Purge gauge
line.
3. Close the receiver outlet (king) valve by turning
clockwise. Start unit and run in high speed cooling.
Place RUN/STOP Switch in the STOP position when
unit reaches 0.1 kg/cm@ (1 psig).
4. Frontseat (close) suction service valve and the refrigerant will be trapped between the compressor
suction service valve and the manual shutoff (King)
valve.
5. Before opening up any part of the system, a slight
positive pressure should be indicated on the pressure gauge.
6. When opening up the refrigerant system, certain
parts may frost. Allow the part to warm to ambient
temperature before dismantling. This avoids internal
condensation which puts moisture in the system.
7. When service has been completed. Open (backseat) King valve and midseat suction service valve.
8. Leak check connections with a leak detector. (Refer
to section 4.5)
9. Start the unit in cooling and check for noncondensibles.
10.Check the refrigerant charge. (Refer to section
4.7.1)
NOTE
Store the refrigerant charge in an evacuated
container if the system must be opened between the compressor discharge valve and receiver.
NOTE
Whenever the system is opened, it must be evacuated and dehydrated. (Refer to section 4.6)
If system was opened and repairs completed, leak
check the unit.
a. The recommended procedure for finding leaks in a
system is with an electronic leak detector (Carrier p/n
07--00295--00). Testing joints with soapsuds is satisfactory only for locating large leaks.
b. If system is without refrigerant, charge system with
refrigerant to build up pressure between 2.1 to 3.5 kg/cm@ (30 to 50 psig). Remove refrigerant cylinder and
leak check all connections.
NOTE
Use only the correct refrigerant to pressurize
the system. Any other gas or vapor will contaminate the system which will require additional
purging and evacuation of the high side (discharge) of the system.
c. Remove refrigerant using a refrigerant recovery system and repair any leaks. Evacuate and dehydrate
the unit. (Refer to section 4.6) Charge unit with refrigerant. (Refer to section 4.7)
4.6 EVACUATION AND DEHYDRATION
4.6.1 General
Moisture can seriously damage refrigerant systems.
The presence of moisture in a refrigeration system can
have many undesirable effects. The most common are
copper plating, acid sludge formation, “freezing-up” of
metering devices by free water, and formation of acids,
resulting in metal corrosion.
4.6.2 Preparation
a. Evacuate and dehydrate only after pressure leak test.
(Refer to section 4.5)
b. Essential tools to properly evacuate and dehydrate
any system include a good vacuum pump (5 cfm =
8m#H volume displacement, P/N 07-00176-01) and a
good vacuum indicator such as a thermocouple vacuum gauge (vacuum indicator). (Carrier p/n
0700414--00).
NOTE
Use of a compound gauge is not recommended
because of its inherent inaccuracy.
c. Keep the ambient temperature above 60_F (15.6_C)
to speed evaporation of moisture. If ambient temperature is lower than 60_F (15.6_C), ice might form before moisture removal is complete. Heat lamps or alternate sources of heat may be used to raise system
temperature.
62--10828
4--10
7
c. With the unit service valves closed (back seated) and
the vacuum pump and electronic vacuum gauge
valves open, start the pump and draw a deep vacuum. Shut off the pump and check to see if the vacuum holds. This operation is to test the evacuation
setup for leaks, repair if necessary.
8
d. Midseat the refrigerant system service valves.
e. Then open the vacuum pump and electronic vacuum
gauge valves, if they are not already open. Start the
vacuum pump. Evacuate unit until the electronic vacuum gauge indicates 2000 microns. Close the electronic vacuum gauge and vacuum pump valves. Shut
off the vacuum pump. Wait a few minutes to be sure
the vacuum holds.
f. Break the vacuum with clean dry refrigerant. Use refrigerant that the unit calls for. Raise system pressure
to approximately 2 psig.
g. Remove refrigerant using a refrigerant recovery system.
h. Repeat steps e through g one time.
i. Evacuate unit to 500 microns. Close off vacuum
pump valve and stop pump. Wait five minutes to see if
vacuumholds. Thischecksforresidual moistureand/or leaks.
j. With a vacuum still in the unit, the refrigerant charge
may be drawn into the system from a refrigerant container on weight scales. The correct amount of refrigerant may be added by observing the scales. (Refer
to section 4.7)
9
11
10
4
4
3
1
6
4
2
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
4.7 CHARGING THE REFRIGERATION SYSTEM
5
CAUTION
Refrigerant Recovery Unit
Refrigerant Cylinder
Evacuation Manifold
Valve
Vacuum Pump
Electronic Vacuum Gauge
Evaporator Coil
Receiver Outlet (King) Valve
Condenser Coil
Suction Service Valve
Discharge Service Valve
Figure 4-9. Vacuum Pump Connection
Refrigerant R404A must be charged as a liquid. Refrigerant R404A is a blend. Charging
as a vapor will change the properties of the
refrigerant.
4.6.3 Procedure for Evacuation and Dehydrating
System
a. Remove refrigerant using a refrigerant recovery system.
b. The recommended method to evacuate and dehydrate the system is to connect three evacuation
hoses (Do not use standard service hoses, as they
are not suited for evacuation purposes.) as shown in
Figure 4-9 to the vacuum pump and refrigeration unit.
Also, as shown, connect a evacuation manifold, with
evacuation hoses only, to the vacuum pump, electronic vacuum gauge, and refrigerant recovery system.
4--11
4.7.1 Checking the Refrigerant Charge
a. Start unit in cooling mode and run approximately ten
minutes.
b. Partially block off air flow to condenser coil so discharge pressure rises to 210 psig (14.8 kg/cm@).
c. The unit is correctly charged when the lower receiver
sight glass is full and no refrigerant is in the upper
receiver sight glass.
4.7.2 Installing a Complete Charge (See
Figure 4-10)
a. Dehydrate unit and leave in deep vacuum. (Refer to
section 4.6)
b. Place refrigerant cylinder on scale and connect
charging line from cylinder to receiver outlet (king)
valve. Purge charging line at outlet valve.
c. Note weight of refrigerant cylinder.
d. Open liquid valve on refrigerant cylinder. Open king
valve half way and allow the liquid refrigerant to flow
into the unit until the correct weight of refrigerant has
been added as indicated by scales. Correct charge
will be found in section 1.3.
62--10828
NOTE
It is possible that all liquid may not be pulled into
the receiver, as outlined in step d. In this case,
vapor charge remaining refrigerant through the
suction service valve.
e. When refrigerant cylinder weight (scale) indicates
that the correct charge has been added, close liquid
line valve on cylinder and backseat the king valve.
1
5
2
1
3
3
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Suction Valve (Low Side)
Discharge Valve (High Side)
Manifold Gauge Set
Refrigerant Cylinder
Dead Head Port
Figure 4-11. Procedure for Adding A Partial
Charge
a. Place drum of refrigerant on scale and note weight.
Backseat discharge and suction service valves and
install a manifold gauge set in order to monitor system. Purge lines. Connect the discharge gauge of a
second manifold test set to the king valve. Connect
the suction pressure hose to manifold dead head
port. Connect a charging line between the center tap
of the second gauge set and refrigerant drum. Midseat discharge knob. Open the liquid valve on drum
and purge all hoses. Frontseat discharge knob. See
Figure 4-11.
5
4
1. Suction Valve (Low Side)
2. Manifold Gauge Set
3. Discharge Valve (High Side)
4. Refrigerant Cylinder
5. Dead Head Port
Figure 4-10. Procedure for Adding A Complete
Charge
4.7.3 Adding A Partial Charge (See Figure 4-11)
b. Start the unit with the road compressor turning at
2400 rpm.
c. Check the sight glass to determine charge. See Section 4.7.1. If undercharged, proceed with step d.
CAUTION
d. Front seat the king valve. Monitor the second set of
manifold gauges. When the king valve pressure
drops below the pressure in the refrigerant drum, midseat the manifold gauge set discharge valve and allow liquid refrigerant to flow into the system.
e. While monitoring the sight glass, carefully weigh refrigerant into the system. It is not possible to accurately determine when the system is full because unit
is in discharge state; therefore, never allow more than
1 lb. (0.45 kg) of refrigerant into system at a time.
Refrigerant R404a is a blend. Charging as a
vapor will change the properties of the
refrigerant. Only liquid charging through
the king valve is acceptable.
NOTE
The ambient (air entering the condenser) air
temperature should be above 40°F (4.4°C)
62--10828
1
4
3
2
2
4--12
3. Fully open (backseat) both suction and discharge
service valves.
4. Remove vacuum pump lines and install manifold
gauges.
5. Check refrigerant level (Refer to section 4.7.1)
f. After monitoring 1 lb. (0.45 kg) of refrigerant into the
system, close the valve of the manifold gauge set
connected to the king valve. Open the king valve and
allow the system to balance out to determine charge.
g. Follow the procedures of Section 4.7.1 and repeat
above procedure as required to clear the sight glass.
h. Start unit and check for noncondensables.
NOTE
It is important to check the compressor oil level
of the new compressor and fill if necessary.
4.8 REPLACING THE COMPRESSOR
6. Check compressor oil level. (Refer to section 4.9)
Add oil if necessary.
7. Check refrigerant cycles.
WARNING
Ensure power to the unit is OFF and power
plug is disconnected or vehicle engine is
OFF and negative battery cable is disconnected before replacing the compressor.
4.9 COMPRESSOR OIL LEVEL
a. Removing
If compressor is inoperative and unit still has refrigerant
pressure, frontseat suction and discharge service
valves to trap most of the refrigerant in the unit.
If compressor runs, pump down the unit. (Refer to section 4.4.a)
1. Slowly release compressor pressure to a recovery
system.
2. Remove bolts from suction and discharge service
valve flanges.
3. Disconnect wiring to compressor discharge temperature sensor (CDT), suction pressure transducer
(SPT) and the wiring to the high pressure switch
(HP).
4. Release idler pulleys and remove belts.
5. Remove the four bolts holding the compressor to the
power tray. Remove the compressor from chassis.
6. Remove the pulley from the compressor.
7. Drain oil from defective compressor before shipping.
b. Installing
1. To install the compressor, reverse the procedure outlined when removing the compressor. Refer to section 1.6.5 for torque values.
NOTE
The service replacement compressor is sold
without shutoff valves (but with valve pads).
Customer should retain the original capacity
control valves for use on replacement compressor. Check oil level in service replacement compressor. (Refer to sections 1.6.2, and 4.9)
4.9.1 Checking Oil Level
1. Operate the unit in high speed cooling for at least 20
minutes.
2. Check the oil sight glass on the compressor to ensure that no foaming of the oil is present after 20 minutes of operation. If the oil is foaming excessively after 20 minutes of operation, check the refrigerant
system for flood-back of liquid refrigerant. Correct
this situation before performing step 3.
3. Check the level of the oil in the sight glass with the
compressor operating. The correct level should be
between bottom and 1/4 of the sight glass. If the level
is above 1/4, oil must be removed from the compressor. To remove oil from the compressor, follow step
4.9.4. If the level is below sight glass, add oil to the
compressor following 4.9.2.
4.9.2 Adding Oil with Compressor in System
Two methods for adding oil are the oil pump method and
closed system method.
Oil Pump Method
One compressor oil pump that may be purchased is a
Robinair, part no. 14388. This oil pump adapts to a one
U.S. gallon (3.785 liters) metal refrigeration oil container
and pumps 2-1/2 ounces (0.0725 liters) per stroke when
connected to the suction service valve port. Also there is
no need to remove pump from can after each use.
When the compressor is in operation, the pump check
valve prevents the loss of refrigerant, while allowing
servicemen to develop sufficient pressure to overcome
the operating suction pressure to add oil as necessary.
Backseat suction service valve and connect oil charging
hose to port. Crack the service valve and purge the oil
hose at oil pump. Add oil as necessary.
2. Attach two lines (with hand valves near vacuum
pump) to the suction and discharge service valves.
Dehydrate and evacuate compressor to 500 microns
(29.90” Hg vacuum = 75.9 cm Hg vacuum). Turn off
valves on both lines to pump.
4--13
62--10828
Closed System Method
In an emergency where an oil pump is not available, oil
may be drawn into the compressor through the suction
service valve.
WARNING
Since refrigerant traps a certain quantity of
oil, to avoid oil loss during maintenance,
add 50 cc of POE oil to the refrigeration system when any evacuation is performed.
CAUTION
Extreme care must be taken to ensure the
manifold common connection remains immersed in oil at all times. Otherwise air and
moisture will be drawn into the compressor.
1
2
6
1
Connect the suction connection of the gauge manifold to
the compressor suction service valve port, and immerse
the common connection of the gauge manifold in an
open container of refrigeration oil. Crack the suction
service valve and gauge valve to vent a small amount of
refrigerant through the common connection and the oil
to purge the lines of air. Close the gauge manifold valve.
With the unit running, frontseat the suction service valve
and pull a vacuum in the compressor crankcase.
SLOWLY crack the suction gauge manifold valve and oil
will flow through the suction service valve into the compressor. Add oil as necessary.
4.9.3 Adding Oil to Service Replacement Compressor
Service replacement compressors may or may not be
shipped with oil.
If compressor is without oil: Add correct oil charge
(Refer to section 1.6.2) by removing the oil fill plug
(See Figure 4-12)
4.9.4 To remove oil from the compressor:
1. Close suction service valve (frontseat) and pump
unit down to 2 to 4 psig (0.1 to 0.3 kg/cm@). Frontseat
discharge service valve and slowly bleed remaining
refrigerant.
2. Remove the oil drain plug from compressor and
drain the proper amount of oil from the compressor.
Replace the plug securely back into the compressor.
3. Open service valves and run unit to check oil level,
repeat as required to ensure proper oil level.
5
5
4--14
3
4
3
4
4 CYLINDER
2
2 CYLINDER
6
1
5
3
4
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
62--10828
2
6 CYLINDER
Suction Service Valve
Discharge Service Valve
Oil Level Sight Glass
Oil Drain Plug
Oil Fill Plug
Unloader Assembly
Figure 4-12. Compressor
8. Start unit and check unloader operation (Refer to
section 4.10.a).
4.10 COMPRESSOR UNLOADER VALVE (850 and
950 only)
The compressor unloader (located on the compressor
cylinder head) is controlled by relay UFR and the temperature controller.
a. Checkout Procedure
1. Connect manifold gauges to the compressor suction
and discharge service valves and start unit in cooling
with the trailer temperature at least 5_F (2.8_C)
above set point and the compressor will be fully
loaded (unloader coil de-energized). Note suction
pressure.
2. Remove wiring from the unloader coil. Place electrical tape over wire terminals.
3. Set controller upscale (cooler to warmer). This mechanically simulates falling temperature. Approximately 2_F (1.1_C) below box temperature the unloader coil will energize. Note suction pressure, a
rise of approximately 3 psig (0.2 Bar) will be noted on
the suction pressure gauge.
4. Reconnect wiring on the unloader.
5. Reverse the above procedure to check out compressor loading. Suction pressure will drop with this test.
NOTE
If any unloader coil energizes and the suction
pressure does not change, the unloader assembly must be checked.
1
2
3
10
4
5
6
7
8
9
12
13
11
14
1. Retainer
2. Coil Assembly
3. Installation/Removal
Tool
4. Enclosing Tube
Collar
5. “O” Ring
6. Enclosing Tube
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Plunger Spring
Plunger Assembly
Gasket
Valve Body
Gasket
Bolt
Gasket, Bolt
Piston Ring
Figure 4-13. Unloader Solenoid Valve
b. Solenoid Coil Replacement
4.11 CHECKING AND REPLACING FILTER-DRIER
NOTE
The coil may be removed without pumping the
unit down.
1. Disconnect leads. Remove retainer. Lift off coil. (See
Figure 4-13)
2. Verify coil type, voltage and frequency of old and new
coil. This information appears on the coil housing.
3. Place new coil over enclosing tube, retainer and connect wiring.
c. Replacing Solenoid Valve Internal Parts
1. Pump down the unit. Frontseat both service valves
to isolate the compressor.
2. Remove coil retainer (see Figure 4-13), and coil.
3. Remove enclosing tube collar (item 4) using installation/removal tool supplied with repair kit (item 3).
4. Check plunger for restriction due to: (a) Corroded or
worn parts; (b) Foreign material lodged in valve; (c)
Bent or dented enclosing tube.
5. Install new parts. Do not overtighten enclosing tube
assembly. Torque to a value of 100 inch pounds
(1.15 mkg).
6. Remove supplied installation/removal tool. Install
coil, voltage plate, and retainer.
7. Evacuate and dehydrate the compressor.
4--15
To Check Filter
Check for a restricted or plugged filter-drier by feeling
the liquid line inlet and outlet connections of the drier
cartridge. If the outlet side feels cooler than the inlet
side, then the filter-drier should be changed.
To Replace Filter-Drier
a. Pump down the unit per section 4.4. Remove bracket,
then replace drier.
b. Check refrigerant level. (Refer to section 4.7.1)
4.12 CHECKING AND REPLACING HIGH
PRESSURE SWITCH
4.12.1 Replacing High Pressure Switch
a. Pump down the unit. (Refer to section 4.4.a)
Frontseat both suction and discharge service valves
to isolate compressor.
b. Slowly release compressor pressure through the service valve gauge ports to refrigerant recovery device.
c. Disconnect wiring from defective switch. The high
pressure switch is located near the top of the compressor. (See Figure 4-12)
d. Install new cutout switch after verifying switch settings. (Refer to section 1.6.2)
e. Evacuate and dehydrate the compressor. (Refer to
section 4.8)
62--10828
4.13 CHECKING CALIBRATION OF THE DEFROST
AIR SWITCH
4.12.2 Checking High Pressure Switch
WARNING
a. Make sure magnehelic gauge is in proper calibration.
NOTE
The magnehelic gauge may be used in any
position, but must be re-zeroed if position of
gauge is changed from vertical to horizontal or
vice versa. USE ONLY IN POSITION FOR
WHICH IT IS CALIBRATED.
Do not use a nitrogen cylinder without a
pressure regulator. Cylinder pressure is
approximately 2350 psi (165 kg/cm@). Do not
use oxygen in or near a refrigerant system
as an explosion may occur. (See
Figure 4-14)
1
b. With air switch in vertical position, connect high pressure side of magnehelic gauge to high side connection of air switch. (See Figure 4-15)
c. Install tee in pressure line to high side connection. Tee
should be approximately half-way between gauge
and air switch or an improper reading may result.
d. Attach an ohmmeter to the air switch electrical contacts to check switch action.
4
2
5
3
6
1. Cylinder Valve
and Gauge
2. Pressure Regulator
3. Nitrogen Cylinder
4. Pressure Gauge
(0 to 400 psig =
0 to 28 kg/cm@)
5. Bleed-Off Valve
6. 1/4 inch Connection
NOTE
Use a hand aspirator (P/N 07-00177-01), since
blowing into tube by mouth may cause an incorrect reading.
Figure 4-14. Typical Setup for Testing High
Pressure Switch
a. Remove switch as outlined in section 4.12.1.
b. Connect ohmmeter or continuity light across switch
terminals. Ohmmeter will indicate resistance and
continuity light will be lighted if switch closed after relieving pressure.
c. Connect switch to a cylinder of dry nitrogen. (See
Figure 4-14)
d. Set nitrogen pressure regulator higher than cutout
point on switch being tested. Pressure switch cutout
and cut-in points are shown in section 1.6.2.
e. Close valve on cylinder and open bleed-off valve.
f. Open cylinder valve. Slowly close bleed-off valve and
increase pressure until the switch opens. If light is
used, light will go out and if an ohmmeter is used, the
meter will indicate open. Open pressure on gauge.
Slowly open bleed-off valve (to decrease pressure)
until switch closes (light will light or ohmmeter will
move).
e. With the gauge reading at zero, apply air pressure
very slowly to the air switch. An ohmmeter will indicate continuity when switch actuates.
f. Refer to section 1.6.3 for switch settings. If switch
fails to actuate at correct gauge reading, adjust switch
by turning adjusting screw clockwise to increase setting or counterclockwise to decrease setting.
g. Repeat checkout procedure until switch actuates at
correct gauge reading.
h. After switch is adjusted, place a small amount of paint
or glycerol on the adjusting screw so that vibration will
not change switch setting.
2
5
6
1.
2.
3.
4.
4
3
1
Ohmmeter or Continuity Device
Adjustment Screw (0.050 socket head size)
Low Side Connection
Pressure Line or Aspirator Bulb
(P/N 07-00177-01)
5. Magnehelic Gauge (P/N 07-00177)
6. High Side Connection
Figure 4-15. Defrost Air Switch Test Setup
62--10828
4--16
4.14 CHECKING AND REPLACING EVAPORATOR
FAN MOTOR BRUSHES & COMMUTATOR
The fan motor commutator and brushes should be
checked periodically for cleanliness and wear to maintain proper operation of the the fan motors.
verse flush (opposite normal air flow) with clean water
at mild pressure. A garden hose with spray nozzle is
usually sufficient. Make sure drain lines are clean.
c. Run unit until defrost mode can be initiated to check
for proper draining from drain pan.
4.16 CONDENSER COIL CLEANING
Refer to section 4.1.1
1. Brush Cap
2. Brush
2
4.17 SOLENOID VALVES
4.17.1 Supra 550/650/750/850 3--Way Valve
1
Figure 4-16. Fan Motor Brushes
To check brushes proceed as follows.
a. With unit off and battery disconnected, remove brush
cap (item 1; 2 per motor). See Figure 4-16.
b. Remove brushes (item 2; 2 per motor) and check the
length of the brush. If the length is less than 1/4 inch
the brushes should be replaced (after checking commutator).
c. Blow out the brush holder with low pressure air to remove any carbon dust in the holder. This dust could
prevent a good contact between the brushes and
commutator.
d. Remove the back cover of the motor and inspect the
commutator. If the commutator is heavily grooved,
polish it using fine sandpaper; do not use emery cloth.
Wipe out any accumulation of greasy material using a
clean rag dampened with solvent. Reassemble the
motor; install new brushes and replace cap.
1
2
3
4
1. Snap cap
2. Voltage plate
4.15 EVAPORATOR COIL CLEANING
The use of recycled cardboard cartons is increasing
across the country. The recycled cardboard cartons
create much more fiber dust during transport than “new”
cartons. The fiber dust and particles are drawn into the
evaporator where they lodge between the evaporator
fins. If the coil is not cleaned on a regular basis, sometimes as often as after each trip, the accumulation can
be great enough to restrict air flow, cause coil icing,
repetitive defrosts and loss of unit capacity. Due to the
“washing” action of normal defrost the fiber dust and
particles may not be visible on the face of the coil but
may accumulate deep within.
It is recommended to clean the evaporator coil on a
regular basis, not only to remove cardboard dust, but to
remove any grease or oil film which sometimes coats
the fins and prevents water from draining into the drain
pan.
Cardboard fiber particles after being wetted and dried
several times can be very hard to remove. Therefore,
several washings may be necessary.
a. Remove rubber check valves (Kazoo) from drain
lines.
b. Spray coil with a mild detergent solution such as
Oakite 164 or any good commercial grade automatic
dish washer detergent such as Electrosol or Cascade
and let the solution stand for a few minutes and re4--17
3. Coil assembly
4. Valve body assembly
Figure 4-17 HOT GAS (Three-Way) VALVE (Supra
550/650/750/850)
a. Replacing solenoid coil
It is not necessary to pump the unit down to replace the
coil. (See Figure 4-17)
a. Remove snap cap to remove coil. Disconnect from
harness.
b. Verify coil type, voltage and frequency. This information appears on the coil voltage plate and the coil
housing.
c. Place new coil over enclosing tube and then install
voltage plate and snap cap.
d. Replacing solenoid valve internal parts
1 Remove and store the refrigerant charge in an evacuated container (Refer to Section 4.4).
2 Remove snap cap to remove coil.
3 Replace Valve Assembly
4 Install coil assembly, voltage plate and cap.
5 Leak check, evacuate and dehydrate the unit.
6 Install a complete refrigerant charge.
7 Start unit and check operation.
62--10828
4.17.2 Hot Gas Valve (HGS2) and 3--Way Valve for
Supra 950 (HGS2 not used on 950)
b. Replacing solenoid valve internal parts
If the valve is to be replaced or the internal parts
serviced, the refrigerant charge must be removed.
1 Remove and store the refrigerant charge in an evacuated container (Refer to Section 4.4).
2 Remove coil snap cap, voltage cover and coil assembly. Remove the valve body head.
3 Check for foreign material in valve body.
4 Check for damaged plunger and o--ring. If o--ring is to
be replaced, always put refrigerant oil on o--rings before installing.
5 Tighten enclosing tube assembly. If the valve has not
been removed from the unit, leak check the valve.
6 Install coil assembly, voltage cover and cap.
7 Evacuate and dehydrate the unit.
8 Install a complete refrigerant charge.
9 Start unit and check operation.
1
2
3
4
5
4.18 ADJUSTING THE COMPRESSOR PRESSURE
REGULATING VALVE (CPR)
6
1. Snap cap
2. Voltage plate
3. Coil assembly
The CPR valve is factory pre-set and should not need
adjustment. If it is necessary to adjust the valve for any
reason, proceed with the following outline.
When adjusting the CPR valve, the unit must be running
in the high speed heat or defrost. This will ensure a
suction pressure above the proper CPR setting.
4. Enclosing tube
5. Plunger assembly
6. Valve body assembly
Figure 4-18 HOT GAS VALVE (HGS2) and Supra
950 3--Way Valve (HGS2 Shown)
a. Replacing solenoid coil
1 Remove coil snap cap, voltage plate and coil assembly. Disconnect leads and remove coil junction box if
necessary.
2 Verify coil type, voltage and frequency. This information appears on the coil voltage plate and the coil
housing.
3 Place new coil over enclosing tube and then install
voltage plate and snap cap.
CAUTION
Do not damage or over tighten the enclosing tube assembly. Also make sure all parts
are placed on the enclosing tube in proper
sequence to avoid premature coil burnout.
62--10828
4--18
1
2
1. Cap
3
2. Jam Nut
3. Setting Screw
Figure 4-19. Compressor Pressure Regulating
Valve
To adjust the CPR valve, proceed as follows:
a. Install a manifold gauge set.
b. Remove cap (item 1) from CPR valve.
c. With an 8 mm Allen wrench, loosen the jam nut
(Figure 4-19, item 2).
d. Using the 8 mm Allen wrench, adjust the setting
screw. To raise the suction pressure turn the setting
screw (item 3) clockwise; to lower the suction pressure, turn the setting screw counterclockwise. Refer
to section 1.6.3 for CPR valve setting.
e. When the setting has been adjusted, tighten the jam
nut securely against the setting screw (item 3). This
will prevent any movement of the setting screw due to
vibrations in the unit. Replace the cap.
4.19 THERMOSTATIC EXPANSION VALVE
The thermal expansion valve (see Figure 4-20) is an
automatic device which maintains constant superheat
of the refrigerant gas leaving the evaporator regardless
of suction pressure. The valve functions are: (a) automatic response of refrigerant flow to match the evaporator load and (b) prevention of liquid refrigerant entering
the compressor. During normal operation, the valve
should not require any maintenance. If service is required, it should be performed only by trained personnel.
1. Orifice
2. Strainer
3. Protective
Cap
4. Adjustment
Screw
4
3
2
1
Figure 4-20. Thermostatic Expansion Valve
a. To Measure Superheat
NOTE
The expansion valve and bulb location are
located on the road side of the evaporator.
1. Ensure charge level is correct (refer to section 4.7.1)
and ensure CPR setting is correct (refer to section
4.18).
2. Remove insulation from expansion valve bulb and
suction line. Ensure bulb and attachment area on
suction line are clean.
3. Place thermocouple above (parallel to) TXV bulb
and then secure clamps making sure both the bulb
and thermocouple are firmly secured to suction line
as shown in Figure 4-21. Reinstall insulation covering both bulb and sensor.
4. Connect an accurate gauge to the 1/4” port on the
suction service valve.
5. In order to ensure the pressure at the expansion
valve is stable enough for this procedure, operate
the unit in high speed cooling until the box temperature is below 20_F (--6.7_C). Partially block off air
flow to condenser coil to raise discharge pressure to
210 psig (14.8 kg/cm@). Bring the setting to greater
than 10 degrees below box temperature to ensure
the unit remains in high speed cool with the unloaders de--energized.
6. Note the average temperature of the suction gas at
the expansion valve bulb and average pressure on
the gauge.
7. From the temperature/pressure chart, (Table 4-6)
determine the saturation temperature corresponding to the suction pressure.
8. Subtract the saturation temperature determined in
step 7 from the average temperature measured in
step 6. The difference is the superheat of the suction
gas. Refer to section 1.6.3. for required setting.
4--19
3
5
2
1
1. Suction Line
2. TXV Bulb Clamp
3. Nut and Bolt
4
4. TXV Bulb
5. Thermocouple
Figure 4-21. Thermostatic Expansion Valve Bulb
and Thermocouple
b. Adjusting Superheat (See Figure 4-20)
1. Check superheat, refer to preceding step.
2. If superheat is too low, increase superheat by turning
adjustment screw (see Figure 4-20) clockwise. Adjust in 1/4 turn increments (one complete turn equals
approximately a seven degree change in superheat)
and re--check superheat, repeating readings until
they are consistent. Ensure maximum tolerance has
not been exceeded.
3. If superheat is too high, decrease by turning adjustment screw (see Figure 4-20) counterclockwise. Adjust in 1/4 turn increments(one complete turn equals
approximately a seven degree change in superheat)
and re--check superheat, repeating readings until
theyareconsistent.Ensuresuperheatisaboveminimum tolerance.
4. Replace valve if superheat cannot be adjusted to required setting.
c. Replacing Expansion Valve
1. Check superheat and adjust valve (if adjustable) in
accordance with the preceding steps. If valve requires replacement, pump down the unit. (Refer to
section 4.4.a)
2. Slowly loosen the nut at the base of the valve to relieve any remaining pressure. Pull the line away from
the valve sufficient to remove the orifice and strainer
(refer to Figure 4-20). Check condition of orifice and
strainer, clean as necessary. If no foreign material is
found, then proceed with replacing the valve. Retain
orifice for reassembly.
3. Remove insulation from expansion valve bulb and
then remove bulb from suction line.
4. Using inert gas brazing procedures (refer to Technical Procedure 98-50553-00), unbraze the equalizer
line and, if required, distributor. Remove the strainer
from the replacement valve and wrap in damp rags to
prepare for brazing. Braze replacement valve in
place. Install nut(s), orifice and strainer.
5. Strap thermal bulb to suction line and insulate both. It
is recommended that the thermocouple required to
check superheat be reinstalled at this time.
6. Leak check and evacuate low side by connecting at
the suction and discharge service valve. Refer to
sections 4.5 & 4.6 for general procedure.
7. Re--check superheat.
62--10828
When welding is required on the unit frame, or on the
front area of the trailer, ALL wiring to the microprocessor
MUST be disconnected. When welding is performed on
other areas of the trailer, the welder ground connection
MUST be in close proximity to the area being welded. It
is also a good practice to remove both battery cables
before welding on either the unit frame or the truck to
prevent possible damage to other components such as
the alternator and voltage regulator.
4.20 MICROPROCESSOR CONTROLLER
NOTE
The erasable, programmable, read only
memory (EEPROM) chip (component U3 on
the microprocessor logic board) has a label on it
listing the revision level of the software.
CAUTION
a. Replacing Key Board
Under no circumstances should a
technician electrically probe the processor
at any point, other than the connector
terminals where the harness attaches.
Microprocessor components operate at
different voltage levels and at extremely low
current levels. Improper use of voltmeters,
jumper wires, continuity testers, etc. could
permanently damage the processor.
Should damage to the Key Board of the microprocessor
occur, it is possible to replace only the Key Board.
b.
The hour meter can be set to any value via the serial
port, if the meter has less then 5 hours on it. This allows
a replacement microprocessor to be set to the same
hours as the microprocessor it is replacing.
The microprocessor has 2 programmable maintenance
hourmeter which are set via the serial port. These
maintenance hourmeter are compared to one of the
hour meters (diesel, standby, or switch on). If the hour
meter is greater than the maintenance hourmeter then
the proper service alarm is triggered.
As mentioned above, some microprocessor inputs
operate at voltage levels other than the conventional 12
vdc. Connector points and the associated approximate
voltage levels are listed below for reference only. Under
no circumstances should 12 vdc be applied at these
connection points.
4.21 MICROPROCESSOR REPLACEMENT and
CONFIGURATION
Grounded wrist cuffs are available from Carrier (P/N
07-00304-00). It is recommended that these be worn
whenever handling a microprocessor.
4.21.1 To Remove and Replace
Microprocessor Logic Board:
Table 4-3. Connection Point Voltage
Connection Point
Approximate Voltage
ATS, CDT, RAS, SAS,
2.5 vdc (Variable)
WTS
MP23
5.0 vdc
1. Before removing the microprocessor, disconnect
the negative battery cable and attach a grounded
wrist strap (07-00304-00) to your wrist and ground it
to a good unit frame ground.
2. Open the roadside side door of the unit and loosen
the 4 bolts holding the cover / microprocessor onto
the front of the control box.
CAUTION
3. Unplug the ribbon cable from the logic board but
leave it connected to the cab command cable.
Most
electronic
components
are
susceptible to damage caused by electrical
static discharge (ESD). In certain cases, the
human body can have enough static
electricity to cause resultant damage to the
components by touch. This is especially
true of the integrated circuits found on the
truck/trailer microprocessor.
4. Take the new microprocessor from the anti-static
bag and install in the control box, following steps
2--6 in reverse order.
5. Place the removed microprocessor back into the
anti-static bag and part box for return.
NOTE
BEFORE STARTING THE UNIT: When replacing a microprocessor it is important to check
that the configurations are compatible with the
unit into which it will be installed.
Although there is less danger of electrical static
discharge ESD damage in the outdoor environment,
where the processor is likely to be handled, proper
board handling techniques should always be stressed.
Boards should always be handled by their edges, in
much the same way one would handle a photograph.
This not only precludes the possibility of ESD damage,
but also lowers the possibility of physical damage to the
electronic components. Although the microprocessor
boards are fairly rugged when assembled, they are
more fragile when separated and should always be
handled carefully.
62--10828
Hour Meters
4--20
4.22 CONTROLLER SENSOR CHECKOUT
4.21.2 To Reach The Configuration Fields From
The Keypad:
1. Place the unit RUN/STOP Switch to the STOP
position and the I/O Switch in the OFF position.
An accurate ohmmeter must be used to check resistance values shown in Table 4-5 .
Due to variations and inaccuracies in ohmmeters, thermometers or other test equipment, a reading within 2%
of the chart value would indicate a good sensor. If a
sensor is bad, the resistance reading will usually be
much higher or lower than the resistance values given in
Table 4-5.
At least one lead from the sensor (RAS, terminals D1
and E1 or SAS, terminals D2 and E2) must be disconnected from the unit electrical system before any reading is taken. Not doing so will result in a false reading.
Two preferred methods of determining the actual test
temperature at the sensor, is an ice bath at 32_F (0_C)
or a calibrated temperature tester.
2. With the unit off, locate the serial port plug behind
the control panel. Remove the protective cap to gain
access to the wire terminals. Place an insulated
jumper wire between wires SPA and SPB at the
serial port plug.
Caution : Do not allow this wire to touch any ground.
3. Place the unit RUN/STOP Switch to the RUN
position and the I/O Switch in the ON position. The
FAULT light will come on, and the micro display will
read “CNF1 TV” or “CNF1 DI.” Remove the jumper
wire from the serial port and reinstall the
protective cap. The configuration screen will now
remain available for five minutes. Scroll through the
configuration list using the “FUNCTION” key and
compare the settings with those shown in the table
on the following page. If any of the configurations
need to be changed, continue with step 4 below.
4. To change the configuration selection
(refer to Table 4-4):
A. Bring the configuration to be changed onto the
display. Press the “ENTER” key to allow
change access to the displayed configuration.
B. Press either the “UP” or “DOWN” keys to
display
available selections
for
that
configuration. Leave the correct selection on
the screen. The selection display will flash,
warning the operator that the displayed value
has not been entered. Press the “ENTER” key
to enter the new selection into memory. The
display will revert to the original selection if no
further action is taken for the next five seconds.
C. Continue to scroll through the configuration list
by pressing the “FUNCTION” key. Change any
other configurations as required.
5. When finished, turn the RUN/STOP Switch to the
STOP position, then back to the RUN position to
start the unit.
4--21
62--10828
Table 4-4 Configuration Table
CONFIGURATION
CNF1
Note 1
CNF2
*CNF3
Note 3
ON
(TV)
Short glow cycle
650, 750, 850 and 950 Prior to S/N YY0000
OFF
(DI)
Long glow cycle
All other units
OFF
CDT not used -- 850 Only
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
CNF4
DESCRIPTION
NOTES
* These settings are optional and can be set to customer specifications or left at default values. All other settings (not marked with *) MUST be set as
shown for proper unit operation.
1.
CDT used -- 550, 650, 750 and 950
2. CNF9 allows selection of how the unit will
react under an Out--Of--Range condition.
An Out--Of--Range condition is described as the box temperature having
arrived at setpoint, then drifting away
from setpoint. With this CNF in the OFF
position, once the box temperature has
been Out--Of--Range for 15 minutes, the
ALARM light will be turned on and the
alarm display “OUT RANGE” will be displayed alternately with the default display of the setpoint and box temperature.
With this CNF in the ON position, once
the box temperature has been
Out_Of_Range for 45 minutes, the unit
will shut down, and the same alarms as
described above will be displayed.
Max Set Point +86°F (All functions locked)
Max Set Point +90°F (Modified function lock)
All units
ON
OFF
CNF5
ON
Units without unloaders
(550, 650, 750 and 850)
Units with unloaders -- 950 Only
OFF
CNF6
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
*CNF9
Note 2
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
Low speed only engine warm--up -- Not recommended
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
CNF12
CNF13
*
CNF15
62--10828
Enables Standby Diesel Backup.
CNF11 OFF / CNF3 OFF:
Maximum set
point 86_F (30°C) -- No function lock
higher only
(CNF6 Must be
CNF11 ON / CNF3 OFF:
Maximum set
point 86_F (30°C) -- Standard function lock
ON)
Functions changes normal
CNF11 OFF / CNF3 ON:
Maximum set
point 90_F (32.2°C) -- No function lock
Functions & Start Stop locked
CNF11 ON / CNF3 ON:
Maximum set
point 90_F (32.2°C) -- Modified function lock
550, 650, 750 and 850 Only
OFF
All units
ON
Rev. 3.23 and
Out--of--range alarm and unit shut down
950 Only
OFF
CNF14
Modified Function Lock is the same as
Standard Function Lock except that with the
setpoint at or between +32 and +42_F (0 and
5.6°C), the unit will always operate in Continuous Run. If the setpoint is outside this range,
either Start/Stop or Continuous Run can be
selected.
The maximum setpoint and function lock are
controlled via a combination of CNF3 and
CNF11:
Out--of--range alarm only
Standby Diesel Backup is disabled.
CNF3 & CNF11
Standard Function Lock allows the Function Key and the Start/Stop--Continuous Run
Key to be locked so that no changes can be
made.
Do Not Turn On
550, 650, 750 and 850
ON
ON
Prior to Rev 3.25
950 Only
CNF10
*CNF11
Note 3
3.
Rev. 3.25 and
higher only
CNF7
CNF8
All units
High Speed Start
CNF1 determines the length of the glow cycle,
which varies depending on the type of engine
in the unit. When CNF 25 is ON, the CNF1
setting is not used.
4.
Do Not Turn On!
All units
Do Not Turn On!
OFF
TDS
Rev. 3.29 and
ON
TDB
higher only
4--22
CNF20 allows the Fahrenheit / Celsius function to be locked. In order to change the units
setting, CNF20 must be OFF. The units setting can then be changed in the functional parameters list. If CNF20 is ON the units setting
cannot be changed from the functional parameters list.
Table 4-4. Configuration Codes (Continued)
*
CNF16
CNF17
CNF18
CNF19
*
CNF20
Note 4
CNF21
CNF22
CNF23
OFF
ON
Alt Aux alarm only
Alt Aux alarm shuts unit down
OFF
UltraFreeze disabled
Rev. 3.20 and
ON
UltraFreeze control on.
higher only
OFF
SYSTEM CK alarm Off
Rev. 3.20 and
ON
SYSTEM CK alarm On
higher only
OFF
ON
All units
Do Not Turn On!
OFF
°F / °C Unlocked
Rev. 3.23 and
°F / °C Locked
higher only
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
All units
Do Not Turn On!
For Future Use
Do Not Turn On!
OFF
Set Point not Locked
Rev. 3.29 and
OFF
Set Point Locked
higher only
OFF
WT Sensor Alarm is alarm only
Rev. 3.29 and
higher only
CNF6 Must be
ON
CNF24
*
CNF25
CNF26
CNF27
CNF28
CNF29
CNF30
CNF31
CNF32
ON
WT Sensor Alarm is Unit Shutdown
ON
Tier 4i Engine with air heater.
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
For future use.
For future use.
For future use.
For future use.
For future use.
For future use.
For future use.
Do not turn on.
Do not turn on.
Do not turn on.
Do not turn on.
Do not turn on.
Do not turn on.
Do not turn on.
4--23
62--10828
Table 4-5. Sensor Resistance -- Micro Units
(ATS,CDT, RAS, SAS & WTS)
4.23 SUCTION PRESSURE TRANSDUCER
Before installing a new suction pressure transducer it
must be calibrated.
The calibration will not be performed if the run relay is
energized. This prevents the operator from calibrating
the unit with the sensor in the system. The reading of the
sensor must be at atmospheric pressure (0 psig or 14.7
psi). If the sensor reading is greater than 20 psig (34.7
psi) or less than --6.7 psig (8 psi) it can not be calibrated.
Once the micro is calibrated, the display will readout the
actual value.
a. Turn power off and remove starter solenoid wire, then
let unit fail to start. This will de-energize run relay.
b. Connect wiring to new suction pressure transducer.
Before installing suction pressure transducer into
unit, display the suction pressure via the unit status
display. While the suction pressure is being displayed
press Enter Key for three seconds, the display should
read “0.” If display reads “0” install suction pressure
transducer into unit.
62--10828
Temperature
4--24
_F
_C
--20
--10
0
10
20
30
32
40
50
60
70
77
80
90
100
110
120
194
212
266
302
325
350
--28.9
--23.3
--17.8
--12.2
-- 6.7
-- 1.1
0
4.4
10.0
15.6
21.1
25
26.7
32.2
37.8
43.3
48.9
90
100
130
150
163
177
RAS, SAS &
WTS Resistance
In Ohms
165,300
117,800
85,500
62,400
46,300
34,500
32,700
26,200
19,900
15,300
11,900
10,000
9,300
7,300
5,800
4,700
3,800
915
680
301
186
---
CDT
Resistance
In Ohms
1,653,000
1,178,000
855,000
624,000
463,000
345,000
327,000
262,000
199,000
153,000
119,000
100,000
93,000
73,000
58,000
47,000
38,000
9,150
6,800
3,010
1,860
1,358
1,202
Table 4-6. R-404A Temperature--Pressure Chart
Temperature
_F
_C
--40
--40
--35
--37
--30
--34
--25
--32
--20
--29
--18
--28
--16
--27
--14
--26
--12
--24
--10
--23
--8
--22
--6
--21
--4
--20
--2
--19
0
--18
2
--17
4
--16
6
--14
8
--13
10
--12
12
--11
14
--10
16
--9
18
--8
20
--7
22
--6
24
--4
26
--3
28
--2
30
--1
Psig
4.5
7.1
9.9
12.9
16.3
17.7
19.2
20.7
22.3
23.9
25.6
27.3
29.1
30.9
32.8
34.8
36.8
38.9
41.1
43.3
45.6
48.0
50.4
52.9
55.5
58.1
60.9
63.7
66.5
69.5
Pressure
Kg/cm@
0.32
0.50
0.70
0.91
1.15
1.24
1.35
1.46
1.57
1.68
1.80
1.92
2.05
2.17
2.31
2.45
2.59
2.73
2.89
3.04
3.21
3.37
3.54
3.72
3.90
4.08
4.28
4.48
4.68
4.89
Bar
0.31
0.49
0.68
0.89
1.12
1.22
1.32
1.43
1.54
1.65
1.77
1.88
2.01
2.13
2.26
2.40
2.54
2.68
2.83
2.99
3.14
3.31
3.47
3.65
3.83
4.01
4.20
4.39
4.59
4.79
4--25
Temperature
_F
_C
32
0
34
1
36
2
38
3
40
4
42
6
44
7
46
8
48
9
50
10
55
13
60
16
65
18
70
21
75
24
80
27
85
29
90
32
95
35
100
38
105
41
110
43
115
46
120
49
125
52
130
54
135
57
140
60
145
63
150
66
Psig
72.5
75.6
78.8
82.1
85.5
89.0
92.5
96.2
99.9
103.7
115.4
126.1
137.4
149.4
162.1
175.5
189.6
204.5
220.2
236.8
254.2
272.4
291.6
311.8
332.9
355.0
378.1
402.3
427.6
454.0
Pressure
Kg/cm@
5.10
5.32
5.54
5.77
6.01
6.26
6.50
6.76
7.02
7.29
8.11
8.87
9.66
10.50
11.40
12.34
13.33
14.38
15.48
16.65
17.87
19.15
20.50
21.92
23.41
24.96
26.58
28.28
30.06
31.92
Bar
5.00
5.21
5.43
5.66
5.90
6.14
6.38
6.63
6.89
7.15
7.96
8.69
9.47
10.30
11.18
12.10
13.07
14.10
15.18
16.33
17.53
18.78
20.11
21.50
22.95
24.48
26.07
27.74
29.48
31.30
62--10828
SECTION 5
TROUBLESHOOTING
CAUTION
DO NOT attempt to service the microprocessor or the logic or display boards!
Should a problem develop with the microprocessor, contact your nearest Carrier Transicold
dealer for replacement.
INDICATION/
TROUBLE
POSSIBLE CAUSES
REFERENCE
SECTION
5.1 DIESEL ENGINE
5.1.1 Engine Will Not Start
Starter motor will not
crank or low cranking speed
Starter motor cranks
but engine fails to start
Starter cranks, engages,
but dies after a few seconds
Battery insufficiently charged
Battery terminal post dirty or defective
Bad electrical connections at starter
Starter motor malfunctions
Starter motor solenoid defective
Open starting circuit
Incorrect grade of lubricating oil
Check
Check
Check
5.1.3
Engine Manual
5.1.4
1.6
No fuel in tank
Air in fuel system
Water in fuel system
Plugged fuel filters
Plugged fuel lines to injector (s)
Fuel control operation erratic
Glow plug(s) defective
Run solenoid defective
Fuel pump (FP) malfunction
Engine lube oil too heavy
Voltage drop in starter cable(s)
Check
Check
Drain Sump
Replace
Check
Engine Manual
4.1.6
4.1.3
4.1.5
1.6
Check
5.1.2 Engine Starts Then Stops
Engine stops after
Fuel supply restricted
several rotations
No fuel in tank
Leak in fuel system
Faulty fuel control operation
Fuel filter restricted
Injector nozzle(s) defective
Injection pump defective
Air cleaner or hose restricted
Safety device open
Open wiring circuit to run solenoid
Fuel pump (FP) malfunction
Check
Fill Tank
Repair
Engine Manual
4.1.5
Engine Manual
Engine Manual
4.1.4
1.7
4.1.3
4.1.5
5.1.3 Starter Motor Malfunction
Starter motor will not
Battery insufficiently charged
crank or turns slowly
Battery cable connections loose or oxidized
Battery cables defective
Starter brushes shorted out
Starter brushes hang up or have no contact
Starter solenoid damaged
I/O or START/RUN Switch defective
Engine lube oil too heavy
Check
Check
Replace
Engine Manual
Engine Manual
Engine Manual
Replace
1.6
5--1
62--10828
INDICATION/
TROUBLE
POSSIBLE CAUSES
5.1.3 Starter Motor Malfunction (CONTINUED)
Starter motor turns
Pinion or ring gear obstructed or worn
but pinion does not engage
REFERENCE
SECTION
Clean both,
remove burrs,
or replace;
apply grease
Starter motor does not disengage I/O or START/RUN Switch defective
after switch was depressed
Starter motor solenoid defective
Replace
Engine Manual
Pinion does not disengage
after engine is running
Engine Manual
Defective starter
5.1.4 Malfunction In the Engine Starting Circuit
No power to starter
Battery defective
motor solenoid (SS)
Loose electrical connections
Run solenoid
does not energize or does
not remain energized
Battery defective
Loose electrical connections
Oil pressure safety switch (OP) defective
Run relay (RR) defective
Water temperature safety switch open
Water temperature sensor (WTS) defective
Run solenoid defective
I/O or START/RUN Switch defective
5.2 ALTERNATOR (AUTOMOTIVE TYPE)
Alternator fails to charge
Limited charging system operating time
Battery condition
Alternator belt loose/broken
Loose, dirty, corroded terminals, or broken leads
Excessively worn, open or defective brushes
Open blocking diode
Regulator faulty
Open isolation diode
Open rotor (field coil)
Low or unsteady charging rate
Alternator belt loose
Loose, dirty, corroded terminals, or broken leads
Excessively worn, sticky or intermittent brushes
Faulty regulator
Grounded or shorted turns in rotor
Open, grounded or shorted turns in stator
Excessive charging rate
Regulator leads loose, dirty, corroded terminals, or
(as evidenced by battery
wires broken
requiring too frequent refilling) or Defective regulator
charge indicator shows constant
“charge with engine idling”
Noisy alternator
Defective or badly worn V-belt
Worn bearing(s)
Misaligned belt or pulley
Loose pulley
62--10828
5--2
Check
Tighten
Check
Tighten
Replace
Replace
1.6
Replace
4.1.3
Replace
Check
Check
4.2
Check/Repair
Check
Check
Check
Check
Replace
4.2
Check/Repair
Check
Check
Check
Replace
Clean/Repair
Check
4.2
Replace
4.2
Tighten
INDICATION/
TROUBLE
POSSIBLE CAUSES
REFERENCE
SECTION
5.3 REFRIGERATION
5.3.1 Unit Will Not Cool
Diesel engine
Compressor malfunction
Refrigeration system
Malfunction(s)
Compressor drive defective
Compressor defective
Defrost cycle did not terminate
Abnormal pressure
Hot Gas (three-way) valve malfunction
5.3.2 Unit Runs But Has Insufficient Cooling
Compressor
Compressor valves defective
Unloader malfunction
5.1
4.8
4.8
5.3.5
5.3.6
5.3.11
4.8
4.10
Refrigeration system
Abnormal pressure
Expansion valve malfunction
No or restricted evaporator airflow
Unloader malfunction
5.3.6
5.3.10
5.3.9
4.10
Engine does not
develop full rpm
Speed control linkage
Engine malfunction
4.1.3
5.1
5.3.3 Unit Operates Long or Continuously in Cooling
Container
Hot Load
Refrigeration system
Defective box insulation or air leak
Abnormal pressure
Temperature controller malfunction
Allow time to
pull down
Correct
5.3.6
5.3.8
Compressor
Defective
5.3.4 Unit Will Not Heat or Has Insufficient Heating
Refrigeration
Abnormal pressure
Temperature controller malfunction
Hot Gas (three-way) valve malfunction
Compressor
Compressor drive defective
Compressor defective
5.3.6
5.3.8
5.3.11
4.8
4.8
Engine does not develop
full rpm
4.1.3
5.1
Speed control linkage
Engine malfunction
5--3
4.8
62--10828
INDICATION/
TROUBLE
POSSIBLE CAUSES
REFERENCE
SECTION
5.3.5 Defrost Cycle Malfunction
Will not initiate defrost
Defrost air switch (DA) out of calibration
automatically
Defrost thermostat (DTT) open or defective
Defrost air switch (DA) defective
Loose terminal connections
Air sensing tubes defective or disconnected
Will not initiate defrost manually
Microprocessor defective
Loose terminal connections
Defrost thermostat (DTT) open or defective
Initiates but does not defrost
Hot Gas (three-way) valve malfunction
Defrost relay (DR) defective
Evaporator Clutch defective
Frequent defrost
Defrost air switch (DA) out of adjustment
Wet load
4.13
Replace
4.13
Tighten
Check
Replace
Tighten
Replace
5.3.11
Replace
Replace
4.13
Normal
Does not terminate or
cycles on defrost
Defrost thermostat (DTT) shorted closed
Defrost air switch (DA) out of adjustment
Replace
4.13
Quench valve malfunction
Condenser coil dirty
Condenser fan defective
V-belt broken or loose
Discharge check valve restricted
Noncondensibles or refrigerant overcharge
Compressor valves(s) worn or broken
Hot Gas (three-way) valve malfunction
Replace
4.16
Check
4.2
Replace
Replace
4.8
4.17
Compressor valves(s) worn or broken
Compressor gasket(s) defective
Hot Gas (three-way) valve malfunction
Suction service valve partially closed
King valve partially closed
Filter-drier partially plugged
Low refrigerant charge
Expansion valve malfunction
No evaporator air flow or restricted air flow
Excessive frost on coil
4.8
4.8
4.17
Open
Open
4.11
4.7
5.3.10
5.3.9
Check
5.3.6 Abnormal Pressure
5.3.6.1 Cooling
High discharge pressure
Low discharge pressure
High suction pressure
Low suction pressure
Suction and discharge
pressures tend to equalize
when unit is operating
62--10828
Compressor valves defective
Hot Gas (three-way) valve malfunction
5--4
4.8
4.17
INDICATION/
TROUBLE
5.3.6.2 Heating
High discharge pressure
Low discharge pressure
Low suction pressure
5.3.7 Abnormal Noise
Compressor
Condenser or
evaporator fan
V-belts
POSSIBLE CAUSES
REFERENCE
SECTION
Overcharged system
Condenser fan defective
V-belts broken or loose
Noncondensibles in system
4.7.1
Check
4.2
Check
Compressor valve(s) worn or broken
Hot Gas (three-way) valve malfunction
Low refrigerant charge
Refrigerant shortage
Compressor pressure regulating valve malfunction
Suction service valve partially closed
4.8
4.17
4.7
4.7
4.18
Open
Loose mounting bolts
Worn bearings
Worn or broken valves
Liquid slugging
Insufficient oil
Loose or striking shroud
Bearings defective
Bent shaft
Cracked or worn
Tighten
4.8
4.8
5.3.10
4.9
Check
Check
Check
4.2
5.3.8 Control System Malfunction
Will not control
Sensor defective
Relay(s) defective
Microprocessor controller malfunction
Solid State controller malfunction
4.22
Check
4.20
Replace
5.3.9 No Evaporator Air Flow or Restricted Air Flow
Evaporator coil blocked
Frost on coil
Dirty coil
Fan motor(s) malfunction
No or partial evaporator
V-belt broken or loose
air flow
Clutch defective
Evaporator fan loose or defective
Evaporator fan rotating backwards
Evaporator air flow blocked in trailer (box)
Fan motor(s) malfunction
Check
4.15
4.14
4.2
Replace
Check
4.2
Check
4.14
5--5
62--10828
INDICATION/
TROUBLE
POSSIBLE CAUSES
5.3.10 Expansion Valve Malfunction
Low suction pressure with
Low refrigerant charge
high superheat
External equalizer line plugged
Ice formation at valve seat
Wax, oil or dirt plugging valve or orifice
Broken capillary
Power assembly failure or partial
Loss of element/bulb charge
Superheat setting too high
Low superheat and liquid
Superheat setting too low
slugging in compressor
External equalizer line plugged
Ice holding valve open
Foreign material in valve
Pin and seat of expansion valve eroded or
held open by foreign material
Fluctuating suction
Improper bulb location or installation
pressure
Low superheat setting
High superheat
Broken capillary
5.3.11 Hot Gas (Three-Way) Valve Malfunction
Valve does not function properly
No power to valve
Improper wiring or loose connections
Coil defective
Valve improperly assembled
Coil or coil sleeve improperly assembled
Temperature controller malfunction
Valve shifts but refrigerant
continues to flow
Movement of plunger restricted due to:
a. Corroded or worn parts
b. Foreign material lodged in valve
c. Bent or dented enclosing tube
Foreign material lodged under seat
Defective seat
5.4 Standby Motor Malfunction
Standby motor fails to start
Motor contactor (MC) defective
Motor Overload (OL) open
Improper power supply
Oil pressure switch (OPS) open
Cab Command defective
Standby motor starts, then stops
62--10828
Motor Overload (OL) open
High amperage draw
5--6
REFERENCE
SECTION
4.5/4.7
Clean
4.6
4.19
4.19
Replace
Replace
4.19
4.19
Open
4.6
Clean
4.19
4.19
4.19
4.19
Check
Check
4.17
4.17
4.17
Replace
4.17
4.17
4.17
Replace
Replace motor
1.6.4
Check
Replace
1.6.4
Check
SECTION 6
ELECTRICAL SCHEMATIC WIRING DIAGRAM
INTRODUCTION
This section contains Electrical Schematic Wiring Diagram covering the Models listed in Table 1-1. The following
general safety notices supplement the specific warnings and cautions appearing elsewhere in this manual. They are
recommended precautions that must be understood and applied during operation and maintenance of the equipment
covered herein.
WARNING
Beware of unannounced starting of the fans and V-belts caused by the thermostat and the start/stop
cycling of the unit.
WARNING
Under no circumstances should ether or any other starting aids be used to start engine.
CAUTION
Under no circumstances should anyone attempt to repair the Logic or Display Boards! Should a
problem develop with these components, contact your nearest Carrier Transicold dealer for
replacement.
CAUTION
Observe proper polarity when installing battery, negative battery terminal must be grounded.
Reverse polarity will destroy the rectifier diodes in alternator. As a precautionary measure,
disconnect positive battery terminal when charging battery in unit. Connecting charger in reverse
will destroy the rectifier diodes in alternator.
CAUTION
Under no circumstances should a technician electrically probe the processor at any point, other than
the connector terminals where the harness attaches. Microprocessor components operate at
different voltage levels and at extremely low current levels. Improper use of voltmeters, jumper
wires, continuity testers, etc. could permanently damage the processor.
CAUTION
Most electronic components are susceptible to damage caused by electrical static discharge (ESD).
In certain cases, the human body can have enough static electricity to cause resultant damage to the
components by touch. This is especially true of the integrated circuits found on the truck/trailer
microprocessor.
6--1
62--10828
--
BASED ON DRAWING 62--04108 REV A
Change 06/09
Figure 6--1 Electrical Schematic Wiring Diagram (Sheet 1 of 2)
6--2
--
CONNECT TO OVERLOAD RELAY
STANDBY MOTOR AND HEAT SYSTEMS
BASED ON 62--61492 REV -- & 62--04083 Rev B
Change 06/09
Figure 6--1 Electrical Schematic Wiring Diagram (Sheet 2 of 2)
6--3
INDEX
A
Compartment 3 Setpoint, 2--6
Compressor, 1--7
Accumulator, 1--8
Compressor Data, 1--14
Additional Support Manuals, 1--1
Adjusting The Compressor Pressure Regulating Valve
(CPR), 4--18
Alarm Display, 2--9
Alarm Reset, 2--7
Compressor Discharge Temperature, 2--8
Compressor Discharge Temperature Alarm, 2--10
Compressor Discharge Temperature Sensor Alarm,
2--10
Alternator, 1--15, 4--7, 5--2
Compressor Pressure Regulating Valve (CPR), 1--8,
1--14, 4--18
Alternator Auxiliary Alarm, 2--10
Compressor Unloader, 1--7, 4--15
Alternator V--Belt, 4--8
Condenser/Subcooler, 1--8
Alternator/Regulator, 1--6
Condensing Section, 1--6
Ambient Temperature, 2--8
Condensing Section Refrigeration System, 1--7
Auto Diesel Restart, 3--5
Configuration Of Microprocessor, 4--20
Auto Start Sequence, 3--6
Control Logic, 3--1
Auto/Manual Start Operation, 2--6
Controller, 4--20
Controller Sensor Checkout , 4--21
B
Controlling Probe, 2--6
Coolant Temperature Sensor Alarm, 2--10
Battery Voltage, 2--8
Cooling Operation, 1--9
Belt Tension Gauge, 4--8
Cooling System, 4--4
Brushes, 4--7
D
C
Defective Glow Plug, 4--7
Changing Lube Oil and Lube Oil Filters, 4--4
Defrost Air Switch Initiation, 3--2
Charging The Refrigeration System, 4--11
Defrost Air Switch Setting, 1--14
Checking And Replacing Evaporator Fan Motor
Brushes & Commutator, 4--17
Defrost Cycle, 2--5
Checking And Replacing Filter--Drier , 4--15
Defrost Interval, 2--6
Checking And Replacing High pressure Switch, 4--15
Defrost Override Alarm, 2--10
Checking Calibration Of The Defrost Air Switch , 4--16
Defrost Thermostat, 1--14
Checking Compressor Oil Level, 4--13
Defrost Timer , 1--14
Checking the Refrigerant Charge, 4--11
Defrost Timer Initiation, 3--2
Clutch Assembly , 1--6
Diesel Engine, 5--1
Code vs English Messages, 2--7
Digital Display, 2--3
Compartment 2 Air Temperature , 2--9
Display Alarm, 2--11
Compartment 2 Setpoint, 2--6
Drive Equipment, 1--6
Compartment 3 Air Temperature , 2--9
Dual Probe Operation, 3--2
Index--1
62--10828
INDEX
E
Electric And Water Heat, 1--10
H
Heat And Defrost, 1--9, 1--17
Heat Exchanger, 1--10
Electrical Box , 1--4
High Battery Voltage Alarm, 2--10
Electrical Data , 1--15
High Coolant Temperature Alarm, 2--10
Engine Air Cleaner , 4--5
High Pressure Alarm, 2--10
High Pressure Cutout Switches, 1--14
Engine Data, 1--12
Horsepower, 1--12
Engine Drive, 3--5
Hot Gas Bypass Solenoid Valve, 1--9
Engine Hours, 2--8
Hour Meters, 4--20
Engine Temperature, 2--8
Engine--Compressor V--Belts, 4--9
K
Keypad, 2--2
Evacuation And Dehydration, 4--10
L
Evaporator, 1--10
Evaporator Coil Cleaning, 4--17
Loaded Operation, 1--8
Evaporator Fan Motors , 1--15
Low Battery Voltage Alarm, 2--10
Low Oil Pressure Alarm, 2--10
Lubrication System, 1--12
F
Fail Safe Defrost Termination, 3--2
Filter Drier, 1--10
M
Maintenance Hour Meter 1, 2--9
Maintenance Hour Meter 1 Alarm, 2--11
Maintenance Hour Meter 2, 2--9
Fuel Circuit, 4--6
Maintenance Hour Meter 2 Alarm, 2--11
Fuel Filter, 3--2, 4--6
Manual Defrost Initiation, 3--2
Fuel Heater Thermostat, 1--12
Manual Glow Override, 2--7
Manual Start, 2--4
Functional Parameters, 2--6
Maximum Off Time, 2--6
Fuse Alarm, 2--10
Microprocessor Components, 2--2
Fuse Identification, 1--5
Microprocessor Configuration, 2--2
Microprocessor Controller, 4--20
Microprocessor Controller , 2--1
G
Glow Plug, 1--12, 4--7
62--10828
Minimum Off--Time, 2--6
Minimum On--Time, 2--6
Model Chart , 1--1
Modes Of Operation, 3--1
Index--2
INDEX
N
S
No Power for Standby Alarm, 2--11
Safety Precautions, Safety--1
Null Mode Overrides, 3--1
Safety Devices, 1--16
O
Oil Pressure Switch, 1--12
Operation, 2--3
Safety Summary, Safety--1
Sensor Resistance, 4--24
Sequence Of Operation, 3--5
Serial Number Low, 2--9
Out--Of--Range Alarm, 2--11
Serial Number Upper, 2--9
Out--Of--Range Tolerance, 2--7
Servicing And Adjusting V--Belts, 4--8
Setpoint, 2--4
P
Pre--Trip, 2--4
Pre--Trip Inspection, 2--3
Pre--Trip Inspection -- Starting , 2--3
Pre--Trip Inspection -- Before Starting , 2--3
Pumping The Unit Down, 4--10
R
Software Revision, 2--9
Speed Control, 2--6
Standard Units Select, 2--6
Standby, 3--6
Standby Hours, 2--8
Standby Motor, 1--6, 1--15
Standby Motor Overload , 1--15
Standby Motor Overload Alarm, 2--10
Standby Motor--Compressor V--Belt, 4--9
Receiver, 1--10
Standby Operation, 1--6
Refrigerant Charge, 1--14
Start Failure Alarm , 2--10
Refrigerant Circuit , 1--17
Start/Stop Operation, 2--5
Refrigerant Leak Checking, 4--10
Starter Motor Alarm, 2--10
Refrigeration, 5--3
Starting -- Standby Motor Drive, 2--4
Refrigeration System Data , 1--14
Startup And Pull Down, 3--1
Relay Identification, 1--5
Startup And Pull Down -- Engine Operation, 3--1
Remote Air Temperature, 2--8
Stopping Instructions, 2--11
Remote Compartment 2 Out--Of--Range Alarm, 2--11
Remote Compartment 3 Out--Of--Range Alarm, 2--11
Removing The Refrigerant Charge, 4--10
Replacing Key Board , 4--20
Replacing The Compressor, 4--13
Replacing The Speed And Run Control Solenoids ,
4--5
Suction Pressure, 2--8
Suction Pressure Transducer, 4--24
Superheat , 4--19
Supply Air Sensor Alarm, 2--10
Supply Air Temperature, 2--8
Switch On Hour Meter, 2--9
Return Air Sensor Alarm, 2--10
Switches And Controls , 1--11
Return Air Temperature, 2--8
System Check Alarm, 2--11
Road Operation, 1--6
System Operating Controls And Components, 1--11
Index--3
62--10828
INDEX
T
Thermal Expansion Valve, 1--10, 4--19
Thermostatic Expansion Valve Superheat, 1--14
Torque Values, 1--15
U
Unit Data, 2--7
Unloaded Operation , 1--7
Unloading In Temperature Mode, 3--3
W
Water Pump Belt Tensioner, 4--8
Weight, 1--12
62--10828
Index--4
North America
Carrier Transicold
700 Olympic Drive
Athens, GA 30601 USA
Tel: 1--706--357--7223
Fax: 1--706--355--5435
Central America
and Mexico
Ejercito Nacional No. 418
Piso 9, Torre Yumal
Col. Chapultepec Morales
11570 Mexico, D.F.
Tel: (5255) 9126.0300
Fax: (5255) 9126.0373
Carrier Transicold Division,
Carrier Corporation
Truck/Trailer Products Group
P.O. Box 4805
Syracuse, N.Y. 13221 U.S.A.
www.carrier.transicold.com
A member of the United Technologies Corporation family. Stock symbol UTX
©2008 Carrier Corporation D Printed in U. S. A. 0608