Cadillac 1996 Fleetwood Owner`s manual

/
F
-as\
The 1996 Cadillac Fleetwood Owner’sManual
.............................................................
This section tells you how to use your seats and safety belts properly. It also explains the “SIR” system.
FeaturesandControls ..................................................................
This section explains how to start and operate your Cadillac.
Comfort Controls and Audio Systems .....................................................
Seats and Restraint Systems
1-1
2-1
3-1
This section tells you how to adjust the ventilation and comfort controls and how to operate your
audio system.
..............................................................
Here you’ll find helpful information and tips about the road and howto drive under different conditions.
ProblemsontheRoad ..................................................................
YourDrivingandtheRoad
4-1
5-1
This section tells you what to do if you have a problem while driving, such as a flat tire or overheated
engine, etc.
............................................................
Here the manual tells you how to keep your Cadillac running properly and looking good.
CustomerAssistanceInformation ........................................................
7-1
................................................................................
8-1
ServiceandAppearanceCare
6-1
This section tells you how to contact Cadillac for assistance and how to get service and owner publications.
It also gives you information on “Reporting Safety Defects” on page 7-10.
Index
Here’s an alphabetical listing of almost every subject in this manual. You can use it to quickly find
something you want to read.
i
4
s&
CERTIFIED
GENERAL MOTORS, GM and the GM Emblem,
CADILLAC, the CADILLAC Emblem and the name
FLEETWOOD are registered trademarks of General
Motors Corporation.
This manual includes the latest information at the time it
was printed. We reserve the right to make changes in the
product after that time without further notice. For
vehicles first sold in Canada, substitute the name
“General Motors of Canada Limited” for Cadillac Motor
Car Division whenever it appears in this manual.
Please keep this manual in your Cadillac, so it will be
there if you ever need it when you’re on the road. If you
sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in itso the new
owner can use it.
i-
WE SUPPORT
VOLUNTARY TECHNICIAN
CERTIFICATION THROUGH
National InstitLltefor
AUTOMOTIVE
SERVICE
EXCELLENCE
For Canadian OwnersWho Prefer a
French Language Manual:
Aux propriktaires canadiens:Vous pouvez vous
procurer un exemplaire de ce guide en franpis chez
votre concessionaire ou au:
DGN Marketing Services Ltd.
1500 Bonhill Rd.
Mississauga, Ontario L5T 1C7
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. 25637205 C First Edition
ii
@CopyrightGeneral Motors Corporation 1996
All Rights Reserved
The
PENALTY OF LEADERSHIP
adillac Motor Car Co. Detroit, Mich.
THIS TEXT APPEARED AS AN ADVERTISEMENT IN THE SATURDAY EVENING POST TI JANUARY 2ND, IN THE YEAR 1915 1COPYRIGHT, CADILLAC MOTOR CAR DIVISION
iii
Few automobiles are fortunate enough to have the rich heritage
that is Cadillac. The name Cadillac
is appropriately that of
Antoine de La Mothe Cadillac, the French military commander
who founded the city of Detroit
in 1701. What better name for
the oldest automobile manufacturer in Detroit.
Henry M. Leland, known as the master of precision,
initiated b s precision manufacturing techniques at the
founding of Cadillac in 1902. His exacting standards
prompted the motto by which Cadillac has been guided
over the years -“Craftsmanship A Creed -Accuracy
A Law.”
commonplace as standardized parts are today, in 1908
parts were still individually hand fitted both in
production and service.
The introduction of the first four cylinder engine in 1905
led theindustry and enabled Cadillacs to travel at speeds
up to 50 mph.
For attention to quality and innovation, the Royal
Automobile Club of England awarded the prestigious
Dewar Trophy to Cadillac twice . . . first in 1908for
achieving perfect interchangeability of parts and again
for introducing the electric self starter, electric lighting
and ignition system on 1912 models. Cadillac is the
only American manufacturer to win this honor and
the only manufacturer in the world to win it twice. As
V
1914 V8 Engine
1949 Overhead
Valve High
Compression
V8 Engine
Vld Engines
1934-1940
Standardization opened the eyes of the industrial world
and was the cornerstone of modern assembly line
production. From this achievement evolved the
reference to Cadillac as “Standard of the World.”
In 1909 Cadillac was purchased by the then new
General Motors Corporation.
Convenience, cleanliness and all-weather comfort were
greatly enhanced in1910 when Cadillac became the first
manufacturer to offer closed bodies as standard equipment.
“The Penalty of Leadership” fist appeared in the
January 2, 1915 issueof The Saturday Evening Post asan
expression of the Cadillac commitment to leadership,
quality and innovation.It is widely regarded as oneof the
vi
finest documents ever written. It was published following
the introduction of the first production V8 engine, which
was standard in all Cadillacs beginning with the 19 15
model.
Many Cadillac “firsts” have followed over the years,
including the synchro-mech clashless transmission, a
nationwide comprehensive service policy, security plate
glass, chrome plating and the first car to be designed by
a stylist (1927 LaSalle/Harley Earl). The ’30switne.ssed
production of the powerful, smooth and quiet V12 and
V16 engines. The crisp, contemporary lines of the 1938
60 Special series ushered in a new era in styling.
V l 6 Engine
During World War 11, shortly after Pearl Harbor,
Cadillac discontinued car production for the first time
since 1902 in order to construct light tanks, combat
vehicles and internal parts for Allison V1710 engines.
Two Cadillac V8 engines and Hydra-Matic
transmissions were used in each MSAI and M24 tanks.
1931 V16 Sport Phaeton
vii
There are, to be sure, many waysto describe the
superlative motor car pictured. “Beauty,”
“majesty,” “brilliance” - allapply,
in their
fullest meaning, to this new Cadillac. And yet,
from this wonderful vocabulary,
we
have
selected “elegance” as the word that most fully
characterizes the Cadillac of 1960. The car’s
beautiful, clean-linedstyling is certainly elegant
beyond
compare.
Its new interior luxury
provides a feeling of elegance that can be sensed
nowhere else in the world of motor cars. And
even its new performance - smooth, quiet and
effortless - might be summarized
as “elegance
in motion.” Once you have
seen and drivenit for
yourself, we think you will agree that the word is
“elegance” - and that the car is Cadillac!
CADILLAC MOTOR CAR DMSION. CBNERAL MOTORS C O R P O M O N
viii
Advertisement for 1960 Sixty Special
c
advances such as air suspension, memory seat, '
automatic electric door locks, transistor radio, a b;
stainless steel roof and low profile tires.
I
~
....
1957 Eklorado Brougham
For the 1948 model, Cadillac introduced the legendary
tail fin which once more set thetrend in automotive
styling for nearly two decades. This was closely
followed with the two door hardtop Coupe DeVille and
the industry's first modern overhead valve, high
compression V8 engine on the 1949 model.
Engineering innovations, conveniences and styling
dominated the '50s and '60s. Cruise control, automatic
climate control, tilt and telescoping steering wheels,
twilight sentinel and four door hard tops all debuted in
these years. In 1957 the Eldorado Brougham featured
The Eldorado, introduced in 1953, was
1967 as the first front wheel drive perso
The 472 cu. in.V8 engine used in all Cadilla
and 1969 was enlarged to 500 cu. in. for all 1
through 1976 Eldorados. The Track Ma
computerized skid control braking sys
debuted on 1970 Eldorados.
A driver and passenger Air Cushion Restraint
system (air bag) was available on all 1974, 1
1976 Cadillacs.
Analog Electronic Fuel Injection was
1975 Cadillacs and standard on the ne
The electronics and computerization which were
pioneered by Cadillac in the ’70s came of age inthe
’80s with Digital Fuel Injection and On-Board
Diagnostics in 1980, four wheel Anti-lock Brakes on
1986 models and Traction Control in the fall of 1989.
The 1992 Seville STS was the f i s t car ever to win all
three major automotive awards: Car of the Year, Motor
Trend; Ten Best List, Car & Driver; Car of the Year,
Automobile Magazine.
The year 1993 saw the introduction of the Northstar
system. The state of the art system includes the 32 valve,
dual overhead camshaft, Northstar 4.6 liter V8 engine,
4T80-E electronically controlled automatic transaxle,
road sensing suspension, speed sensitive steering,
anti-lock brakes and traction control.
X
For more than nine decades Cadillac has been a leader in
quality and technical innovation. Now more than ever,
Cadillac is “Creating a Higher Standard.”
How to Use This Manual
Many people read their owner’s manual
from beginning
to end when they first receive their new vehcle. If you do
this, it will help you learn about the features and controls
for your vehicle. In this manual, you’ll find that pictures
and words work together to explain things quickly.
Index
A good place to look for what you need is the Index in
the back of the manual. It’s an alphabetical list of all
that’s in the manual, and the page number where you’ll
find it.
Safety Warnings andSymbols
You will find a number of safety cautions
in this book. We
use a box and the wordCAUTION to tell you about things
that couldhurt you if you were to ignore the warning.
These mean thereis something that could hurt
you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is. Then
we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce the
hazard. Please read these cautions. If you don’t, you or
others could be hurt.
You will also find a circle
with a slash through it in
this book. This safety
symbol means “Don’t,”
“Don’t do this,” or “Don’t
let this happen.”
xi
Vehicle Symbols
These are someof the symbols you will find on your vehicle.
For example,
these symbols
are used on an
original battery:
CAUTION
POSSIBLE
INJURY
A
DOOR LOCK
UNLOCK
PROTECT
EYES BY
SHIELDING
CAUSTIC
BAllERY
ACID COULD
CAUSE
BURNS
These symbols
are important
for you and
your passengers
whenever your
vehicle is
driven:
These symbols
have to dowith
your lights:
WIPER
TURN
SIGNALS
PAERK
&
These symbols
are on some of
your controls:
e
COOLANT
TEMP
BAllERY
CHARGING
SYSTEM
pf
WINDSHIELD
DEFROSTER
FASTEN
SEAT
BELTS
w
These symbols
are used on
warning and
indicator lights:
SPARK OR
FLAME
COULD
EXPLODE
BATTERY
WINDOW
DEFOGGER
POWER
WINDOW
ENGINE OIL
PRESSURE
,\I/,
FOG LAMPS
$0
VENTILATING
FAN
Tql
FUSE
LIGHTER
ANTI-LOCK
BRAKES
-%-
t
m
(0)
)cr
a
b
HORN
BRAKE
COOLANT
AVOID
SPARKS OR
FLAMES
Here are some
other symbols
you may see:
SPEAKER
e,
(a)
FUEL
e3
xiii
NOTES
xiv
L
.
,e
--y\
Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems
Here you’ll find information about the seats in your
Cadillac and how to use your safety belts properly. You
can alsolearn about some things you should not do with
air bags and safety belts.
Power Seat Controls
Seats and Seat Controls
This section tells you about the seats -- how to adjust
them, and also about reclining front seatbacks and
head restraints.
The controls are located on both front door armrests.
0
The front TILT control makes the front portion of the
seat cushion move up or down.
1-1
1
The rear TILT control makes the rear portion of the
seat cushion moveup or down.
Moving the center control to the right or left makes
the whole seat cushion move up or down.
Moving the center control backward or forward
makes the wholeseat move rearward or forward.
Memory Seat (Fleetwood Brougham)
p
To program the memoryseat:
I. Make sure the vehicle is in PARK (P).
2. Adjust the drrver’s seat the way you want it.
3. Press the SET button.
4. Move the memory switch to 1.
When your Fleetwood is in PARK (P) move the memory
switch to 1 to recall the seat setting. Program the
memory seat for an additional driver followingthe
preceding steps, butmove the memory switch to 2.
The EXITbutton allows you toget out of yourvehicle
more easily. The EXIT button is programmed the same
as the memory selections.Position the seat fully back
and fully down.
If you select the wrong memory switchor EXIT button,
you can cancel it by pressing any of the SEAT
ADJUSTER controls.
I)
Sitting in a reclined position when
your vehicle is
in motion can be dangerous. Even
if you buckle
up, your safety beltscan’t do their jobwhen
you’re reclined like this.
The shoulder belt can’t doits job because it
won’t beagainst your body. Instead, it w
l
l
ibe in
front of you. In a crash you could gointo it,
receiving neckor other injuries.
The lap belt can’t do,its job either. In a crash the
belt could go up over your abdomen. The belt
forces would bethere, not at your pelvic bones.
This could cause serious internal injuries.
For properprotection when the vehicle is in
motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit
well back in the seat and wear your safety
belt properly.
’
But don’t have a seatbackreclined if yourvehicle is moving.
Head Restraints
Slide the head restraint up or down so that the top of the
restraint is closest to the topof your ears. This position
reduces the chance of a neck injury in a crash.
On somemodels, the head restraints tilt forward and
rearward also.
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety belts
properly. It also tells you some things you should not do
with safety belts.
And it explains the Supplemental Inflatable Restraint
(SIR), or air bag system.
Don’t let anyoneride where heor she can’twear
If you are ina crash and
a safety belt properly.
you’re not wearing a safety belt,your injuries
can be much worse.You can hit things inside the
vehicle or be ejectedfrom it. You can be seriously
injured or killed. In the same crash, you might
not be if you are buckled up. Alwaysfasten your
safety belt,and check that your passengers’ belts
are fastened properly too.
Your vehicle has a light
that comes on as a reminder
to buckle up. (See “Safety
Belt Reminder Light” in
the Index.)
In most states and Canadian provinces, the law says to
wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.
You never know if you’ll be in acrash. If you do have a
crash, you don’t know if it will be a badone.
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or onanything, you go as fast as it goes.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can beso
serious that even buckled up a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashes are in between. In many of them,
people who buckle up can survive and sometimes
walk away. Without belts they could have been badly
hurt or killed.
After more than 25 years of safety belts in vehcles,
the facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does
matter ... a lot!
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it’s just a seat
on wheels.
1-6
Put someoneon it.
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
doesn’t stop.
1-7
The person keeps going until stopped by something.
or the instrument panel ...
In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield ...
1-8
c
@
If I’m a good driver, andI never drive far from
home, why should I wear safety belts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, butif you’re in an
accident -- even one that isn’t your fault-- you and
your passengers can be hurt. Being a good driver
doesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km)of
home. And the greatest number of serious injuries
and deaths occur atspeeds of less than 40 mph
(65 kmh).
Safety belts arefor everyone.
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Adults
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know about safety
belts and children. And thereare different rulesfor smaller
children and babies.If a child will be riding in your
Cadillac, see thepart of this manual called “Children.”
Follow those rules for everyone’s protection.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems
your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to wear
it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat (to see how, see “Seats” in the Index)
so you can sit up straight.
1-10
Shoulder Belt Tightness Adjustment
Your car has a shoulder belt tightness adjustment
feature. If the shoulder belt seems too tight, adjust it
before you begin to drive.
4. Let the belt go back all the way. You should hear a
slight clickmg sound. If you don’t, the adjustment
feature won’t set, and you’ll have to start again.
1. Sit well back in the seat.
2. Start pulling the shoulder belt out.
3. Just before it reaches the end, give it a quick pull.
5. Now you can add a small m o u n t of slack. Lean
forward slightly, then sit back. If you’ve added more
than 1 inch (25 mm) of slack, pull the shoulder belt
out as you did before and start again.
If you move around in the vehicle enough, or if you pull
out the shoulder belt, the belt will become tight again. If
this happens, you can reset it.
1-12
t
@
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
~~
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose.In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt should fit against your body. Don’t
allow more than1 inch (25 mm) of slack.
~~
A:
The shoulder belt is too loose. It won’t give nearly
as much protection this way.
--_
1-13
@'
What's wrong with this?
You can be seriouslyinjured if your belt is
buckled in the wrong place like this.In a crash,
the belt wouldgo up over your abdomen. The belt
forces would be there, not
at the pelvic bones. This
could cause seriousinternal injuries. Always
buckle your belt into the buckle nearest you.
L
A:
l=
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
&:
What’s wrong withthis?
A CAUTION:
, : I
,
You can be seriouslyinjured if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash, your
body would move toofar forward, which would
increase the chance of head and neck injury.
Also, the belt wouldapply too much forceto the
ribs, which aren’t as strong
as shoulder bones.
You could also severely
injure internalorgans
like your liver or spleen.
A:
The shoulderbelt is worn under the arm.It should
be worn over the shoulderat all times.
1-15
&:
What’s wrong with this?
I /!\ CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt. In
a crash, you wouldn’t have the full width
of the
belt to spread impact forces. If a belt is twisted,
make it straightso it can work properly, or ask
your dealer tofix it.
I
I
A:
The belt is twisted across the body.
1-16
I
Supplemental Inflatable Restraint
(SIR) System
This part explains the Supplemental Inflatable Restraint
(SIR) system or air bag system.
Your Cadillac has two air bags -- one air bag for the
driver and another air bag for theright front passenger.
Here are the most important things to knowabout the air
bag system:
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of the
way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage both the
belt and your vehicle.
1-17
I
You can be severelyinjured or killed in a crash
if you aren’t wearing your safety belt even if
you have an airbag. Wearing your safety belt
during a crash helps reduce your chance of
hitting things inside the vehicle or being ejected
from it. The air bag is only a “supplemental
restraint.” That is, it works with safety belts but
doesn’t replace them. Air bags are designed to
work only inmoderate to severe crashes where
the frontof your vehicle hits something. They
aren’t designed to inflate at all in rollover, rear,
side or low-speed frontal crashes. Everyone in
your vehicle, including the driver, should wear a
safety belt properly whether or not there’s an
air bag for thatperson.
--
--
1-18
Air bags inflate with great force, €asterthan the
blink of an eye. If you’re too close to
an inflating
air bag, it could seriouslyinjure you. Safety belts
help keep youin position for an airbag inflation
in a crash. Always wear your safety belt,even
with an air bag. The driver should sit as far
back as possible whilestill maintaining control
of the vehicle.
’
How the Air Bag System Works
An inflating air bag can seriously injure small
children. Always secure chiIdren properly in your
vehicle. To read how, see the part of this manual
called “Children” and the caution label
on the
right front passenger’s safety belt.
AIR
BAG
There is an air bag readiness
light on the instrument
panel, which shows
AIR BAG.
Where is the air bag?
The driver’s air bag is in the middle of the steering wheel.
The system checks theair bag’s electrical system for
malfunctions. Thelight tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See“Air Bag Readiness Light”in the Index
for more information.
1-19
Don’t put anything on, or attach anything to, the
steering wheel or instrumentpanel. Also, don’t
put anything (such as pets or objects) between
any occupant and the steering wheel or
instrument panel. If something is between an
occupant and anair bag, it could affectthe
performance of the air bag or worse, it could
cause injury.
-
The right front passenger’s air bag is inthe instrument
panel on the passenger’s side.
1-20
When shouldan air bag inflate?
The air bag is designed to inflate in moderate to severe
frontal or near-frontal crashes. The air bag will inflate
only if the impact speed is above the system’s designed
“threshold level.” If your vehicle goes straight into a
wall that doesn’t move or deform, the threshold level is
about 9 to 15 mph (14 to 24 km/h). The threshold level
can vary, however, withspecific vehicle design, so that
it can be somewhat above or below this range. If your
vehicle strikes something that will move or deform, such
as a parked car, thethreshold level will be higher. The
air bag is not designed to inflate in rollovers, side
impacts or rear impacts, because inflation would not
help the occupant.
In any particular crash, no one can saywhether an air
bag should have inflated simply because of the damage
to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs were.
Inflation is determined by the angle of the impact and
the vehicle’s deceleration. Vehicle damage is only one
indication of this.
What makesan air bag inflate?
In a frontal or near-frontal impact of sufficient severity,
the air bag sensing system detects that the vehicle is
suddenly stopping as a result of a crash. The sensing
system triggers a chemical reaction of the sodium azide
sealed in the inflator. The reaction produces nitrogen
gas, which inflates the air bag. The inflator, air bag and
related hardware are all part of the air bag modules
packed inside the steering wheel and in the instrument
panel in front of the right front passenger.
How does an air bag restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal ornear-frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel or
the instrument panel. The air bag supplements the
protection provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute
the force of the impact more evenly over the occupant’s
upper body, stopping the occupant more gradually. But
air bags would not help youin many types of collisions,
including rollovers, rearimpacts and side impacts,
primarily because an occupant’s motion is not toward the
air bag. Air bags should neverbe regarded as anything
more than a supplementto safety belts, and thenonly in
moderate to severefrontal or near-frontal collisions.
What will you see after an air bag inflates?
After the air bag inflates, it quickly deflates. This occurs
so quickly that some people may not even realize the air
bag inflated. Some components of the air bag module in
the steering wheel hub for the driver’s air bag, or the
instrument panel for the right front passenger’s bag, will
be hot for a short time. The part of the bag that comes
into contact with you may be warrn, but it will never be
too hot to touch. There will be some smoke and dust
coming from vents in the deflated air bags. Air bag
inflation will not prevent the driver from seeing or fiom
being able to steer the vehicle, nor will it stop people
from leaving the vehicle.
1-21
,;A :AU$ZON:
‘ U
1 .’.,
‘r,
’?
c-
,~
’,
,,
..
;
i
, - , A
.
,
-
,
7
,.
~
,-.
-
,
p,
<,
~~~~~
~~
~
~
When an airbag inflates,there is dust in the air.
This dust could causebreathing problems for
people with a historyof asthma or other
breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyonein the
vehicle should getout assoon as it is safe to do so.
If you havebreathing problems but can’t getout
of the vehicle after an airbag inflates,then get
fresh air by opening a window or door.
Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and
diagnostic module, which records information about
the air bag system.The module records information
about the readiness of the system, when the sensorsare
activated and driver’s safety belt usage at deployment.
Let only qualified technicians work on your air
bag system. Improper service can mean that your
air bag system won’t work properly.See your dealer
for service.
NOTICE:
~
In many crashes severe enough to inflate an air
bag, windshields are broken by vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage may also occur from
the right front passenger air bag,
The air bags are designed to inflate only once. After
they inflate, you’ll need some new parts for your air
bag system. If you don’t get them, the air bag system
won’t be there to help protect you in another crash.
A new system will include air bag modules and
possibly other parts. The service manual for your
vehicle covers the need to replace other parts.
1-22
~~~~~~
If you damage the cover for thedriver’s or the
right front passenger’s air bag, they may not
work properly. You may have to replace the air
bag module inthe steering wheel or both the air
bag moduleand the instrumentpanel for the
right front passenger’s air bag. Do not openor
break the air bag covers.
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Cadillac
Safety BeltUse During Pregnancy
Air bags affect how your Cadillac should beserviced.
There are parts of the air bag system in several places
around your vehicle. You don’t want the systemto
inflate while someone is working on your vehicle. Your
Cadillac dealerand the Fleetwood ServiceManual have
information about servicingyour vehicle and the air bag
system. To purchase a service manual, see “Serviceand
Owner Publications” in the Index.
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injured if they don’t wear safety belts.
I
A CAUTION:
For up to10 seconds after theignition key is
turned off and the battery is disconnected, an air
bag can still inflate during improperservice. You
can be injured if you are close to anair bag when
it inflates. Avoid wires wrapped with yellow tape
or yellow connectors. Theyare probably part of
the air bag system. Be sure to follow proper
service procedures, and make sure the person
performing work for you is qualified to do so.
The air bag system doesnot need regular maintenance.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulderbelt, and
the lap portion should be worn as low as possible, below
the rounding,throughout the pregnancy.
1-23
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother, When a safety belt is worn properly, it’smore
likely that the fetus won’t be hurt in a crash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
Center Front Passenger Position
Right Front Passenger Position
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt. See “Driver Position,”
earlier in this section.
When the lap portion of the belt is pulled out all the
way, it will lock. If it does, let itgo back all the way and
start again.
u
Lap Belt
If your vehicle has a front split seat and a rear bench
seat, someone can sit in the center positions.
Be sure to use the correct buckle when buckling your
lap-shoulder belt. If you find that the latch plate will not
go fully into the buckle, see if you are using the buckle
for the center passenger position.
1-24
A
L
When you sit in the center front seating position,
you have a lap safety belt, which has no retractor. To
make the belt longer, tilt the latch plate and pull it
along the belt.
I
To make the belt shorter, pull its freeend as shown until
the belt is snug.
Buckle, position and release it the same way as the lap
part of a lap-shoulder belt. If the belt isn’t long enough,
see “Safety Belt Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned
so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly
if you ever had to.
1-25
Rear Seat Passengers
It's very important for rear seat passengers to buckle up!
Accident statistics show thatunbelted people in therear
seat are hurt more often in crashes than those who are
wearing safety belts.
Rear passengers who aren't safety belted can be thrown
out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike others
in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions
I.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The positions next to the windows have lap-shoulder
belts. Here's how to wear one properly.
1-26
Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don't let it get twisted.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the latch
plate and keep pulling until you can buckle it.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt is not long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section. Make sure the
release button on the buckle is positioned so you would
be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever
had to.
3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.
You can be seriously hurt
if your shoulder belt
is
too loose. Ina crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt should fit against your body.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug
on thehips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this
applies force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be
less likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under
it, the belt would apply force at your abdomen. This
could cause serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder
belt should go over the shoulder and across the chest.
These parts of the body are best able to take belt
restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or a crash.
1-28
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
Center Rear PassengerPosition
When you sit in the center rear seating position, you
have a lap safety belt which has a retractor.
1. Pick up the latch plate and, in a single motion, pull
the belt across you. Don’t let it get twisted.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks. If
the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, let it go
back into the retractor all the way and start again.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it issecure.
3. Feed the lap belt into theretractor to tighten it.
Lap Belt
1-29
Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! That~includes
infants and all children smaller than adult size. In fact,
the law in every state in the United States and in every
Canadian province says children up to some age must be
restrained while in a vehicle.
Smaller Children and Babies
A CAUTION:
4. Position and release it the same way as the lap part
of a lap-shoulder belt.
If the belt isn’t long enough, see “Safety Belt Extender”
at the end of this section. Make sure the release button
on the buckle is positioned so you would beable to
unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
Smaller children and babies should always be
restrained in a childor infant restraint. The
instructions for the restraint will say whetherit is
the right type and size for your child. A very
young child’s hip bones are so small that a
regular belt might notstay low onthe hips, as it
should. Instead, the belt will likely be over
the
child’s abdomen.In a crash, the belt would apply
force right on the child’s abdomen, which could
cause serious or fatalinjuries. So, be sure that
any child small enough
for one is alwaysproperly
restrained in a child or infant restraint.
I
(Continued)
CAUTION:
I
heavy you can't hold it. For example, in a crash
at only25 mph (40km/h), a 12-1b.(5.5 kg) baby
will suddenly become a 240-lb. (110
kg) force on
your arms. The baby would be almost impossible
to
hold.
,
Secure the babyin an infant restraint.
Never hold a baby in your arms while riding in a
vehicle. A baby doesn't weigh much-- until a
crash. During a crash a baby
will become so
CAUTION: (Continued)
1-31
Child Restraints
Be sure the child restraint is designed to be used in a
vehicle. If it is, it will have a label saying that it meets
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.
Then follow the instructions far the restraint. You may
find these instructions on therestraint itself or in a
bQoklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system in
your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured within
the restraint to help reduce the chance of personal injury.
The instructions that come with the infant or child
restraint will show youhow to do that.
‘
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat. We at
General Motors therefore recommend that you put your
child restraint in the rear seat. Never put a rear-facing
child restraint in the front passenger seat. Here’s why:
A GArnIONr
A child ina rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured if the right frontpassenger’s air
bag inflates.This is becausethe back of a
rear-facing child restraint would be very closeto
the inflating air bag. Always secure a rear-facing
child restraint in the rear seat.
You may, however,secure a forward-facing child
restraint in the right front seat. Beforeyou secure
a forward-facing child restraint, always movethe
front passenger seat as far back as itwill go. Or,
secure the child restraint in the rear seat.
a
Your dealer can obtain the hardware ‘kt and install it for
you, or you may install it yourself using the instructions
provided in the kit.
Use the tether hardware kit available from the dealer.
The hardware and installation instructions were
specifically designed for this vehicle.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Outside Seat Position
I
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier part
about the top strap if the child restraint has one.
1. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions
for the child restraint.
2. Secure the child in the child restraint as the
instructions say.
1-34
Tilt the latch plate to adjust the belt if needed.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’sface or
neck, put itbehind the child restraint.
Securing a Chilq Restraint in the Center
Rear Seat Position
See the earlier part about the top strap if the child
restraint has one.
1. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions
for the child restraint.
2. Secure the child in the child restraint as the
instructions say.
You'll be using the lapbelt.
A CAUTION:
I-
A child ina child restraint in the center front seat
can be badly injured by the right front passenger
air bag if it inflates. Neversecure a child restraint
in the center front seat. It's alwaysbetter to
secure a child restraint in the rear seat. You may,
however, secure a forward-facing child restraint
in the right front passenger seat, but only with
the seat moved all the way back.
3. Pull the lap belt all the way out without stopping.
1-36
c
Securing a Child Restraintin the Right
Front Seat Position
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier part
about the top strap if the child restraint has one.
1. Because your vehicle has a right front passenger air
bag, always move the seat as far back as it will go
before securing a forward-facing child restraint. (See
“Seats” in the Index.)
2. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions
for the child restraint.
3. Secure the child in the child restraint as the
instructions say.
Your vehicle has a right frontpassenger air bag. Never
put a rear-facing child restraint in this seat. Here’s why:
I
A CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured if the right front passenger’s air
bag inflates. Thisis because the back of a
rear-facing child restraint would be very close
to
the inflating air bag.
Always secure a rear-facing
child restraintin the rear seat.
1-38
4. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face or
neck, put it behind the child restraint.
5. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
6. Pull the rest of the lap belt all the way out of the
retractor to set the lock.
1-39
8. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let itgo back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
7. To tighten the belt, feed the lap belt back into the
retractor while you push down on the child restraint.
1-40
Larger Children
If you have the choice, a child should sit next to a
window so the child can wear a lap-shoulder belt and
get the additional restraint a shoulder belt can provide.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear seat. But they need to use the
safety belts properly.
0
Children who aren’t buckled up can be thrown out in
a crash.
0
Children who aren’t buckled up can strike other
people who are.
Children who have outgrown child restraints should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
1-41
I
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same belt.The
belt can’tproperly spread the impact forces. In a
crash, the two children can becrushed together
and seriously injured. A belt must be used by
only oneperson at a time.
1-42
Q:
What if a childis wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but the child isso small that the shoulder belt is
very closeto the child’s faceor n-eck?
A:
Move the child toward the center of the vehicle, but
be sure that the shoulder belt still is on the child’s
shoulder, so that in a crash the child’s upper body
would have the restraint that belts provide. If the
child is so small that the shoulder belt is still very
close to the child’s face or neck, you might want to
place the child in the center seat position, the one
that has only a lap belt.
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you
should use it.
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your
dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. When you go
in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so the\
extender will be long enough for you. The extender will
be just for
you, and just for the seat in your vehicle that
you choose. Don’t let someone else use it, and use it
only for the seat it is made to fit. To wear it, justattach it
to the regular safety belt.
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and
anchorages are working properly.Look for any other
loose or damaged safety belt system parts. If you see
anything that might keep a safety belt system from
doing its job, have it repaired.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a
crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt is
torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers, and
have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not needregular maintenance.)
1-44
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
If you’ve had a crash, do you need newbelts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched, as they would be if worn
during a more severe crash, then you need newbelts.
If belts are cut ordamaged, replace them. Collision
darnage also may mean you willneed to have safety belt
or seat parts repaired or replaced. New parts and repairs
may be necessary even if the belt wasn’t being used at
the time of the collision.
If an air bag inflates, you’ll need to replace air bag
system parts. See the part on the air bag system earlier in
this section.
Section 2 Features and Controls
Here you can learn about the many standard and optional
features on your Cadillac, and information on starting,
shifbng and braking.Also explained are the instrument
panel and the warning systems that tell you if everything
is
working properly -- and what to do if you have a problem.
Keys
~~~
A CAUTION:
Leaving young children in a vehicle
with the
ignition key is dangerousfor many reasons. A child
or others could be badly injuredor even killed.
They couldoperate power windowsor other
controls or even make the vehicle move.If they
turned the ignition to ON and moved the shift
lever out of PARK (P), that would releasethe
parking brake. Don’t leavethe keys in a vehicle
with young children.
2-1
The square key is for
the ignition only. It has
a bar code .attached.
Your dealer or
qualified locksmith
can make extra
ignition keys by
reading the bar
code tag.
The oval key is for the
doors and all other locks.
When a newCadillac is
delivered, the dealer
removes the plug from the
door key. The plug has a
code on it that tells the
dealer or a qualified
locksmith how to make
extra keys.
There are 15 alternative ignition PASS-Key%I blanks to
help discourage theft. Keep the bar code tag and the
door key plug in a safe place. If you lose your keys, you
will be able to have new ones made using the plug or
number on the bar code tag.
NOTICE:
Your Cadillac has a number of new features
that can help prevent theft. But you can have a
lot of trouble getting into your vehicle if you ever
lock your keys inside. You may even have to
damage your vehicle to get in.
So be sure you
have extra keys.
Power Door Locks
Automatic Door Locks
Close your doors and turn on the ignmon. Every time
you move the shift lever out of PARK (P) all of the
doors will lock. In addition, every time you stop the
vehicle and move the shift lever into PARK (P), the
doors will unlock. If someone needs to get out while
your vehicle is not in PARK (P), have that person use
the manual or power lock. When the door is closed
again, it will lock automatically.
The doors can be programmed to stay locked when you
shift into PARK (P). Ask your dealer for details.
Central Door Unlocking System
rress the lower part of the switch marked LOCK to lock
all doors at once. Press the upper part of the switch
marked UNLOCK to unlock all the doors.
The switch on each rear door only locks or unlocks
that door.
I
2-4
With this feature you can unlock the doors from either
front outside door lock. Hold the key in the turned
position for a few seconds.
Anti-Lockout Feature
This feature doesn’t allow you to use the door switches
to lock your doors when the driver’s door is open and
the key is turned to anyposition. Note that if your
engine is running, this feature will not prevent you from
locking your keys inside. In addition, you can still lock
the doors using the Keyless Entry System regardless of
the key position.
Rear Door Security Lock
Your Cadillac is equipped with rear door security locks
that help prevent passengers fromopening the rear doors
of your car from the
inside.
I
1. Move the leveron the
door all the wayupto
the ENGAGEDposition.
When you want toopen a rear door when the security
lock ison:
1. Unlock the door from the inside.
2. Then open the door from the outside.
To cancel therear door lock:
1. Unlock the door from theinside ana open the door
from theoutside.
2. Move the lever all the way down.
3. Do the same for the other rear door.
The rear door locks will now work normally.
Leaving Your Vehicle
If you are leaving the vehicle, take your keys, open your
door and set the locks frominside. Then get outand
close thedoor.
2. Close the door.
3. Do the same thing to the other rear door lock.
If your vehicle has a theft-deterrent system, see
“Theft-Deterrent” in the Index.
The rear doors of your vehicle cannot beopened from
the inside when this feature isin use.
2-5
'Keyless Entry System
With this feature you can
turn on your interior lamps,
lock and unlock your doors
or unlock your trunk G-om
up to 30 feet (9 m) away
using the key chain
transmitter supplied with
your vehicle.
This device complies withPart 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
Should interference to this system occur, try this:
0
Check to determine if battery replacement is necessary.
See the instructions on battery replacement.
0
Check the distance. You may be too far from your
vehicle. This product has a maximum range.
Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may be
blocking the signal.
Your Keyless Entry System operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules.
2-6
See your Cadillac dealer or a qualified technician
for service.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than an
authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
Operation
Battery Replacement
Press the unlock symbolto unlock thedriver’s door.
Press it again within five secondsto unlock the other
doors. Pressingthis symbol will also disarm the optional
Theft-Deterrent Systemand turn on the interior lamps.
Under normal use, the batteries in your key chain
transmitter should last about two years.
Press the lock symbolto lock your doors. Thisalso arms
the optional Theft-Deterrent System.
You can tell the batteries are weak if the transmitter
won’t work at the normal range inany location. If you
have to get closeto your vehicle before the transmitter
works, it’s probably time to change thebatteries.
Press theopened trunk symbol to open the trunk.
Press the lamp symbolto turn on the interior lamps only.
Matching Transmitter(s) To Your Vehicle
Each key chain transmitter is coded to prevent another
transmitter from unlocking your vehicle. If a transmitter
is lost or stolen, a replacement can bepurchased through
your dealer. Remember to bring any remaining
transmitters with you when you go to your dealer. When
the dealermatches the replacementtransmitter to your
vehicle, any remaining transmitters must also be
matched. Once the new transmitter is coded, the lost
transmitter will not unlock your vehicle. Each vehicle
can have only two transmitters matched to it.
1. Use the round end of the door key or a quarterto
rotate the cover slightly counterclockwise.
I
0
0
0
See “Engine Exhaust”
in the Index.
Remote Trunk Release
This remote trunk release
button is inthe glove box.
Trunk Lid Automatic Pull-Down Feature
NOTICE:
Don’t slam the trunk lid down.If you slam it, you
could damage the pull-down feature.
This button works when the ignition is on. If you stop
your vehicle and turn the ignition key to OFF you can
still use the remote trunk release because your vehicle
has Retained Accessory Power (RAP). The electrical
power to the trunk release will notshut off until you
open a door or 10 minutes have passed. If you want this
power for another 10 minutes, just turn the key to RUN
and then back to OFF.
Your car has an automatic pull-down feature that
helps closethe trunk electronically. Yourfingers
can be trapped under the trunk
lid as it goes
down. Yourfingers could be injured, andyou
would need someoneto help you free them. Keep
your fingers away from the trunklid as you close
it and as it is going down.
Theft
Parking atNight
Park in a lighted spot, close all windows and lock your
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
vehicle. Remember to keep your valuables out of sight.
Although your Cadillac has a number of theft-deterrent
Put them in a storage area, or take them with you.
features, we know that nothing we put
on it can make it
impossible to steal. However, there are ways you can help.
Parking Lots
Key in the Ignition
If you leave your vehicle with the keys inside, it’s an
easy target for joy riders or professional thieves -- so
don’t do it.
When you park your Cadillac and open the driver’s
door, you’ll hear a chime reminding you to remove your
key from the ignition and take it with you. Always do
this. Your steering wheel will be locked, and so will
your ignition and transmission. And remember to lock
the doors.
If you park in a lot where someone will be watching
your vehicle, it’s best to lock it up and take your keys.
But what if you have to leave your ignition key? What if
you have to leave something valuable in your vehicle?
Put your valuables in a storage area, like your trunk
or glove box.
0
Lock the glove box.
Lock all the doors except the driver’s.
Then take the door key and Keyless Entry key chain
with you.
Tbeft-Deterrent System (Option)
SECURITY
SYSTEM
If your Cadillac hasthis
option, it has a
theft-deterrent alarm system
and a fuel filler door lock
release. If the ignition is off,
the SECURITY SYSTEM
light will flash asyou open
the door, reminding you to
activate the system.
1. Open the door.
2. Lock thedoor with the power door locks or the
Keyless Entry System. TheSECURITY SYSTEM
light should come on and stay on.
3. Close all the doors. TheSECURITY SYSTEM light
should go off.
The horn will sound and the lampswill flash when the
door or trunk are opened without the key or the
Keyless
Entry System orif the locks aredamaged.
Remember, the Theft-Deterrent Systemwon’t activate if
you lock the doorswith a key or manual door lock. It
arms only if you use the power door locks or the
Keyless Entry System.
To avoid setting off the alarmby accident:
The vehicle should be locked with the door key after
the doors are closed if you don’t want to activate
the system.
Always unlock a door with a key or the Keyless
Entry System.Unlocking a door any other way will
activate the alarm.
If you activate the alarm by accident, unlock any door
with your key or theKeyless Entry System. Thealarm
won’t stop if you try to unlock a door any other way.
Testing the Alarm
1. From inside the vehicle, roll down your window,
then get out of your vehicle, keeping the door open.
2. From outside the vehicle with the door open, lock
the vehicle using the power door lock or the Keyless
Entry System and close the door.
3. Once the interior lamps are off, reach in and unlock
the door using the manual lock. Open the door and
the horn will sound and your headlamps will flash.
If the alarm does not sound whenit should, check to see if
the horn works. The horn fuse may be blown. To replace
the fuse, see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the Index.
To reduce the possibility of theft, always arm the
Theft-Deterrent System when leaving your vehicle.
P A S S - K ~ J11~
Your vehicle is equipped
with the PASS-Key I1
(Personalized Automotive
Security System)
theft-deterrent system.
PASS-Key I1 is a passive
theft-deterrent system. It
works when you insert or
remove the key from
the ignition.
PASS-Key II uses a resistor pellet in the ignition key
that matches a decoder in your vehicle.
When the PASS-Key11system senses that someoneis
using the wrong key, it shuts downthe vehicle’s starter and
fuel systems. For about three minutes, the starter won’t
work and fuel won’t go to the engine.If someone tries to
start your vehicle again or uses another key duringthis
time, the vehicle will not start.This discourages someone
from randomly trying different keys
with different resistor
pellets in an attempt to make a match.
2-12
I
The ignition key must be clean and
dry before it’s inserted
in the ignition orthe engine may not start. If the engine
does not start and the PASS KEY FAULT light comes on,
the key may bedrty or wet. Turn the ignitionoff.
If you accidentally use a keythat has adamaged or
missing resistor pellet, the starter won’t work andthe
PASS KEY FAULT light will flash. But you don’t have
to wait three minutes before trying another ignition key.
Clean and dry the key. Wait about threeminutes and try
again. The PASS KEY FAULTlight may remain on
during this time. If the starter still won’t work, and the
key appears to be cleanand dry, wait about three
minutes and try another ignition key. At this time, you
may also want to check the fuse (see “Fuses
and Circuit
Breakers” in theIndex). If the starter won’t work with
the other key, your vehicleneeds service. If your vehicle
does start, the firstignition key may be faulty. See your
Cadillac dealer or a locksmith
who can service the
PASS-Key II.
See your Cadillac dealer or locksmith
a
who can service
the PASS-Key 11to have anew key made.
If you’re ever drivingand the PASS KEY FAULT light
comes on and stays on, you will be ableto restart your
engine if you turn it off. Your PASS-Key I1 system,
however, is not working properly and must be serviced
by your Cadillac dealer. Your vehicle is not protected by
the PASS-Key 11system.
If you lose or damage a PASS-Key 11ignition key, see
your Cadillac dealer or locksmith
a
who can service
PASS-Key 11to have anew key made.
2-13
Ignition Key Positions
C
NOTICE:
Your modern Cadillac doesn’t needan elaborate
“break-in.” But it will perform better inthe long
run if you followthese guidelines:
Keep your speedat 55 mph (88 km/h) or
less for the first 500 miles (804 km).
Don’t drive at any one speed fast or
slow for the first 500 miles (804 km).
Don’t make full-throttle starts.
Avoid making hard stops for the first
200 miles (322km) or so. During this time
your new brake linings aren’t yet broken
in. Hard stops with new linings can mean
premature wear and earlierreplacement.
Follow this breaking-in guideline every
time you get newbrake linings.
Don’t tow a trailer duringbreak-in. See
“Towing a Trailer” in the Index for more
information.
--
*
--
A
E
With the ignition key in theignition switch, you can turn
the switch to five different positions.
ACCESSORY (A): This position lets you use things
like the radio and the windshield wipers whenthe
engine is off. To use the ACCESSORY position, push in
the key and turnit toward you. Your steering wheel will
remain locked,just as it was before you inserted the key.
.~
LOCK (B): Before you put the key in, your ignition
will be in the LOCK position. This is the only position
in which you can remove the key. This position locks
your ignition, steering wheel and transmission. It’s a
theft-deterrent feature.
OFF (C): This position unlocks the steering wheel,
ignition and transmission but doesn’t send electrical
power to any accessories. Turn the key to the OFF
position if you must have your vehicle in motion while
the engine is off.
RUN (D): This is the position for driving.
START (E): This key position starts your engine.
Note that even ifthe engine is not running, the positions
ACCESSORY and RUN allow you to operate your
electrical accessories, such as the radio and ventilation fan.
~
NOTICE:
If your key seemsstuck in LOCK and you can’t
turn it, be sure itis all the way in. If it is, then
turn the steering wheel left and rightwhile you
turn the key hard. But turn the key only with
your hand. Using a tool to force it could break
the key or the ignition switch.If none of this
works, then your vehicle needs service.
~~~
~.
~
~
.. .
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
Starting Your Engine
When you stop your Cadillac and turn the ignition to
the OFF position, you can use these accessories for
10 more minutes.
Radio
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine won’t start in any other position -- that’s a
safety feature. To restart when you’re already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
Power Windows
I
0
Astroroof (Option)
Windshield Wipers
Trunk Release
When you open a door or after 10 minutes, everything
will go off. If you want power for another 10 minutes,
just turn the key to the RUN position and thenback to
the OFF position.
2-16
I NOTICE:
Don’t try to shift to
PARK (P) if your Cadillac
is moving.If you do, you could damage the
transmission. Shift toPARK (P) only when your
vehicle is stopped.
Starting Your 5.7 Liter LTl Engine
1. Without pushing the accelerator pedal, turn the
ignition key to START. When the enginestarts, let
go of the key. The idlespeed will go down as your
engine gets warm.
NOTICE:
Holding your key in START for longer than
15 seconds at a timewill cause your battery to be
drained much sooner. Andthe excessive heat can
damage your starter motor.
2. If it doesn’t start within 10 seconds, push the
accelerator pedal all theway to the floor, while you
hold the ignition key in START. When the engine
starts, let go of the key and let up on the accelerator
pedal. Wait about 15 seconds between each try to
help avoid draining your battery.
When starting your engine in very cold weather (below
0°F or -18”C), do this:
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn the
ignition key to START and hold it there. When the
engine starts, let go of the key. Use the accelerator
pedal to maintain engine speed, if you have to, until
your engine has run for a while.
2. If your engine still won’t start (or starts but then
stops), itcould be flooded with too much gasoline.
Try pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to the
floor and holding it there as you hold the key in
START for about three seconds. If the vehicle starts
briefly but then stops again, do the same thing, but
this time keep the pedal down for five orsix seconds.
This clears the extra gasoline from the engine.
NOTICE:
Your engine is designed
to work withthe
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts oraccessories, you could change
the way
the engine operates. Before adding electrical
equipment, check withyour dealer. If you don’t,
your engine mightnot perform properly.
If you ever have to have
your vehicle towed, see
the part of this manual that tells howto do it
without damaging your vehicle. See “Towing
Your Vehicle”in the Index.
Engine Coolant Heater (CanadaOnly)
In very cold weather, 0°F (- 18 C) or colder, the engine
coolant heater can help. You’ll get easier starting and
better fuel economy during engine warm-up. Usually,
the coolant heater should be plugged in a minimum of
four hours prior to starting your vehicle.
O
To Use the Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt AC outlet.
A CAUTION:
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet
couId causean electrical shock.Also, the wrong
kind of extension cord could overheat and cause
a fire.You could be seriouslyinjured. Plug the
cord into a properly grounded three-prong
110-volt AC outlet. If the cord won’t reach, use a
heavy-duty three-prong extension cord rated for
at least 15 amps.
4. After you’ve used the coolant heater, be sure to
store the cord as it was before to keep it away
from moving engine parts. If you don’t, it could
be damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answer depends on the outside temperature, the
kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead of
trying to list everything here, we ask that youcontact
your Cadillac dealer in the area where you’ll be parking
your vehicle. The dealer can give you the best advice for
that particular area.
2-18
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE(@):This position
is for normal driving. If you need more power for
passing, and you’re:
Going less than about 35 mph (55 km/h), push your
accelerator pedalabout halfway down.
Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push the
accelerator all theway down.
The transmissionwill shift down to the next gear.
THIRD (D or 3) :This position is also used for normal
driving, however it offers more power and lower fuel
economy that AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (@).
Here are some times you might choose THIRD (D or 3)
instead of OVERDRIVE (@):
When driving on hilly, winding roads
When towing a trailer, so there is less shifting
between gears
When going down a steep hill
SECOND (2): This positiongives you more power but
lower fuel economy. You can use SECOND (2) on hills.
It can help controlyour speed as you go down steep
mountain roads, but then you wouldalso want to use
your brakes off and on.
FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power (but
lower fuel economy)than SECOND (2). You can use it on
very steep hills, or in deep snow or mud.If the shift lever
is put in FIRST (l),the transmission won’t shift into first
gear until the vehicle is going slowly enough.
NOTICE:
If your rear wheels can’t rotate, don’t try to
drive. This might happen if you werestuck in
very deep sand or mud or were up against a solid
object. You could damage your transmission.
Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold
your vehicle there with onlythe accelerator
pedal. This could overheat and damage the
transmission. Use your brakes to hold your
vehicle in position ona hill.
Parking Brake
To set the parking brake,
Pull on the manual release
lever located near the
parking brake.
hold the regular brake pedal
down with your right foot.
Push down the parking
brake pedal with your left
foot. If the ignition is on,
the brake system warning
light will come on.
When you shift out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N), if
your engine is running, your parking brake should
release. If it doesn’t, you have a parking brake problem
and should have it fixed. In the meantime, you can still
release your parkingbrake.
If your hand or arm
is in the wayof the pedal,
you could be hurt. The pedal springs back
quickly. Keep your hand and arm away when you
use the manual release lever.
L
1. Hold the brake pedal down with-your right foot.
4
2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) position
like this:
Move the lever up as far as it will go.
Pull the lever toward you.
3. With your right foot still holding the brake pedal
down, set the parking brake.
4. Turn the ignition key toLOCK.
5 . Remove the key and takeit with you. If you can
leave your vehicle with the ignition
key in your
hand, your vehicle isin PARK (P).
2-24
Leaving Your Vehicle With the
Engine Running
I
I
~
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle withthe
engine running. Your vehicle could move
suddenly if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P)
with the parking brakefirmly set. And,if you
leave the vehicle withthe engine running, it could
overheat and even catch fire. You or others could
be injured. Don’t leave your vehicle withthe
engine running unless you have to.
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and your
parking brake is firmly set before you leave it. After
you’ve moved the shift lever into the PARK (P)
position, hold the regular brake pedal down. Then, see if
you can move the shift lever away from PARK (P)
without first pulling it toward you. If you can, it means
that the shift lever wasn’t fully locked into PARK (P).
I
2-25
Toraue Lock
Shifting out ofPARK (P)
11 you
Your Cadillac has a brake-transmission shift interlock. You
have to fully apply your regular brakes before you can
shift from PARK (P) when the ignition is in the RUN
position. See “Automatic Transmission” in the Index.
If you cannot shift out of PARK(P), ease pressure on
the shift lever-- push the shift lever all the way into
PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then
move the shift lever into the gear you want. If you ever
hold the brake pedal down butstill can’t shift out of
PARK (P), try this:
1. Turn the key to OFF. Open and close the driver’s door
to twn off the Retained Accessory Power feature.
2. Apply and hold the brake until theend of Step 4.
3. Shift to NEUTRAL (N).
4. Start the engine and then shift to the drive gear
you want.
5. Have the vehicle fixed as soon as you can.
are parking on a hill and you don’tshift your
transmission into PARR (P) properly,the weight of the
vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl in
the transmission. You may find it difficult to pull the
shift lever out of PARK (P). This is called “torque lock.”
To prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and then
shift into PARK (P) properly before you leave the
driver’s seat. To findout how, see “Shifting Into
PARK (P)” in the Index.
If torque lock does occur, you may needto have another
vehicle push yours alittle uphill to take some of the
pressure from the transmission, so you can pull the shift
lever out of PARK (P).
2-26
Parking Over Things That Burn
Engine Exhaust
A CAUTEOIPJ:
Things that can burncould touchhot exhaust
parts underyour vehicle and ignite. Don’t park
over papers, leaves, dry grass or other things that
can burn.
Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the gas
or
carbon monoxide (CO),which you can’t see
smell. It can cause unconsciousnessand death.
You might haveexhaust coming in if:
0 Your exhaust system sounds strange or
different.
0 Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
0 Your vehicle wasdamaged in a collision.
0 Your vehicle was damaged when driving over
high points on the road
or over road debris.
0 Repairs weren’t done correctly.
0 Your vehicle or exhaust system had been
modified improperly.
If you ever suspectexhaust is coming into your
vehicle:
0 Drive it only with all the windows downto
blow out any CO; and
0 Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
2-27
Power Windows
Your vehicle has Retained Accessory Power (RAP).
When you stop your vehicle and turn the ignition key to
OFF, you can still use your power windows. The
electrical power to the power windows will not shut off
until you open a door or 10 minutes have passed. If you
want this power for another 10 minutes, turn the key to
RUN and then back to OFF.
This switch allows you to
cut electrical power to the
rear power windows by
pressing the right end of the
lock out switch. This feature
is useful when you’re
transporting small children
and don’t want them to use
the power windows.
The power window controls on the driver’s armrest
control each of the four windows. In addition, there are
individual controls near each window. Move the control
forward to raise the window and rearward to lower.
The driver’s window has an express-down feature. Just
press the control once -- for half a second or
more -- and then let go. The window will go all the way
down. If you want to stop the window as it is going
down, press the control again.
Horn
To sound the horn, press the horn symbol on the steering
wheel pad.
2-29
lhrr Signal and Lane Change Indicator
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or down.
When the turn is finished, the lever will return
automatically.
An arrow on the
instrument panel
will flash in the
direction of the
turn or lanechange.
To signal a lane change, just raise or lower thelever
until the arrow starts to flash.Hold it there until you
complete your lane change. The leverwill return by
itself when you release it.
As you signal a turn or a lane change, if the arrows flash
faster than normal, a signal bulb may be burned out and
other drivers won’t see your turn signal. If a bulb is
burned out, replace it to help avoid an accident. If the
arrows don’t go on at all when you signal a turn, check
the fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the Index)
and for burned-out bulbs.
If for some reason, your turn signal is left on, a chime
will sound (after having driven about a half of a mile) to
remind you to turn if off.
If you have a trailer towing option with added wiring for
the trailer lamps, a different turn signal flasher is used.
With this flasher installed, the signal indicator will flash
even if a turn signal bulb is burned out. Check the front
and rear turn signal lamps regularly to make sure they
are working.
2-31
Headlamp High/L~wBeam Changer
Pull the turn signal lever all
the way toward you and
release it to change the
headlamps from low beam
to high or from high beam
to low. When the high
beams are on, this light on
the instrument panel will
also be on.
Flash-To-Pass
This lets you use your high-beam headlamps to signal a
driver in front of you that you want to pass. It works
even if your headlamps are off.
To use Flash-To-Pass, pull the turn signal lever toward
you. When you do:
If your headlamps are off, your high-beam
headlamps will turn on. They will stay on as long as
you hold the lever there. Release the lever to turn
them off.
If your headlamps are on but on lowbeam, the
system works normally. Pull the lever. Your
headlamps will shift to high beam and stay there.
To return to low beam, pull the lever toward you.
If your headlamps are on and on high beam, your
headlamps will switch to low beam. To get back to
high beam, pull the lever toward you.
2-32
Windshield Wipers
WIPER: To control
the wipers, turn the
band on the turn
signal lever.
DELAY With this you can set the wiper speed for a
long or short delay between wipes. Move the band to
DELAY for long delays. The closer you get to LO, the
shorter the delay.
OFF: To turn the wipers off, turn the band to OFF.
Be sureto clear ice and snow from the wiper blades
before using them. If they’re frozen to the windshield,
carefully loosen or thaw them. If your blades do become
damaged, get new blades or blade inserts.
Heavy snow or ice canoverload your wiper motor. A
circuit breaker will stop the motor until it cools. Clear
away snow or ice to prevent an overload.
MIST Turn the band to MIST and then release it for a
single wipe cycle. For more cycles, hold the band on
MIST longer.
LO or HI: Turn the band toward you to either LO (low
speed) or to HI (high speed), depending on the wiper
speed you want.
2-33
Windshield Washer
At the top of the turn signal lever is a paddle with the
word PUSH on it. To spray washer fluid on the
windshield, press the paddle. The washer will continue
to spray until you release the paddle. The wipers will
clear the window and wipe a few more times before
stopping or returning to the previous setting.
weather, don’t use your washer until
the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the washer
fluid can form ice on the windshield, blocking
your vision.
Cruise Control
With cruise control, you can
maintain a speed of about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more
without keeping your foot
on the accelerator. This can
really help on long trips.
Cruise control does not
work at speeds below about
25 mph (40 km/h).
_In freezing
When you apply your brakes, the cruise control shutsoff.
Setting Cruise Control
0
0
Cruise control can be dangerous where you
can’t drive safely at a steady speed. So,
don’t useyour cruise control on winding
roads or in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads, fast changes
in tire tractioncan cause needless wheel
spinning, and you could lose control. Don’t
use cruise control on slippery roads.
L
If your vehicle is incruise control when the traction
control system begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise
control will automatically disengage. (See “Traction
Control System” in the Index.) When road conditions
allow you to safely use it again. vou may turn the cruise
control back on.
If’you leave your cruise control switch
on when
and
you’re not using cruise, you might hit a button
go into cruise when you don’t want to. You could
be startled and even lose control. Keep the cruise
control switchOFF until you want touse it.
1. Move the cruise control switch to ON.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
3. Push in the SET button
at the end of the lever
I
and release it.
I
4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
2-35
Resuming a Set Speed
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise Control
Suppose you set your cruisecontrol at a desired speed
and then you apply the brake.This, of course, shuts off
the cruise control. But you don’t
need to reset it.
There are two ways to go to a higher speed:
Once you’re going about
25 mph (40 W h ) or more,
you can move the cruise
control switch from ON to
You’ll go right back upto your chosen speed and
stay there.
2-36
Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher speed.
Press the button at the
end of the lever, then release
the button and the accelerator pedal. You’ll now
cruise at the higherspeed.
0
Move the CRUISE switch from ON to WA. Hold it
there until you get up tothe speed you wanc then
release the switch. (To increase yourspeed in very small
amounts, move the switch toWA for less than half a
second and then release it. Each time you do
this, your
vehicle will go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h)
faster.)
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise Control
Using Cruise Control on Hills
There are two ways to reduce your speed while using
cruise control:
How well your cruise control will work on hills depends
upon your speed, loadand the steepnessof the hills.
When going up steep hills, you may have to step on the
accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear
to keep your speed down. Of course, applying the brake
takes you out of cruise control. Many drivers find this to
be too much trouble and don’t use cruise control on
steep hills.
Press in the button at the end of the leveruntil you
reach the lower speed you want, then release it.
To slow down in very small amounts, press the
button forless than half a second. Eachtime you do
this, you’ll go 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed.When
you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle willslow
down to the cruise control speedyou set earlier.
Ending Cruise Control
There are two ways to turn off the cruise control:
Step lightly on the brake pedal, OR
0 Move the CRUISE switch to OFF.
Erasing Speed Memory
When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition,
your cruise control set speed memory is erased.
2-37
Lamps
Pull the knob out tothe first stop to turn on your parking
lamps. Pull theknob out all the way to turn on the
headlamps. You can brighten or dim your instrument
cluster and turn the courtesy lampson or off by rotating
the headlamp knob. Push the knob all the way in to turn
them off.
Lamps On Reminder
If the manual lamp switch is left on (as when someone has
parked your vehicle), you’ll hear a warning chime when
you turn off the ignition and open the driver’s door.
Daytime Running Lamps
This knob controls these lamps:
0
Headlamps
0
Taillamps
0
Parking Lamps
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)can make it easier for
others to see the front of your vehicle during the day.
DRL can be helpful in many different driving
conditions, but they canbe especially helpful in the
short periods afterdawn and before sunset.
A light sensor on top of theinstrument panel makes the
DRL work, so be sure it isn’t covered
0
Sidemarker Lamps
The DRL system willmake your low-beam headlamps
come on at reduced brightness in daylight when:
0 the ignition is on and,
0
Instrument Panel Lights
0
0
Interior Courtesy Lamps
License Lamps
2-38
the headlamp switch is off.
When the DRL are on, only your low-beam headlamps
will be on.The taillamps, sidemarker and other lamps
won’t be on. Your instrument panel won’t be lit up either.
When it’s dark enough outside,your low-beam headlamps
will change to full brightness.The other lamps that come
on with your headlamps will also come on.
When it’s bright enough outside, the regular lamps will
go off, and your low-beam headlamps change to the
reduced brightness of DRL.
To idle your vehicle with the DRL off, set your gear
selector in park before you turn on the ignition. Once
you shift out of park, the DRL cannot be turned off as
long as the ignition is on.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
Cornering La.-ps
If the exterior lamps are on, thecornering lamps will
come on when you signal a turn. This will provide more
light forcornering when its dark.
Sei
The Twilight Sentinel control is under the headlamp
knob. It turns your lamps onand off by sensing how
dark it is outside. To operate it, leave the lamp knob off
and move the Twilight Sentinel control to any position
but OFF.
If you move the control all the way to MAX, your lamps
will stay on for about four minutes after you turn the
ignition to OFF. If you move the control almost all the
way in the other direction, so it’s just on, the lamps will
go off quickly when you turn the ignition to OFF.
The light sensoris located on
top of the instrument panel.
Do not cover the sensor.If
you do, it will sense thatis is
dark outside and your lamps
will come on.
,
Interior Lamps
Lamp Monitors
The front lamp monitors are
located on the hood. They
illuminate to show thatthe
headlamps, high beams and
turn signals are working.
The rear lamp monitors
in theheadliner illuminate
to show that the taillamps
are working.
Illuminated Entry System
When you lift the door handle, the
lamps inside your
Cadillac will go on. They’ll go off when you start your
engine, or when 30 seconds have passed. When you
press any buttonon the Keyless Entry transmitter, you
turn on the interior lamps.
2-48
k
' II
I
I
Mirrors
On/Off Switch
Electrochromic Mirror
Press the switch located at the base of the mirror to turn
on the auto-dimming feature. Press it again to turn off.
Reverse Gear Day Mode
When the shift lever is placed in REVERSE (R), the
mirror changes to the daytime mode for a bright image
in the mirror as you back up.
Front Reading Lamps
There are two reading lamps located on therearview
mirror. Press the switch next to the lamp that you want
to turn on or off.
Your Cadillac has an automatic inside rearview mirror.
During the day it works like a regular mirror, but at
night it adjusts for the glare of headlamps behind you.
The mirror delays before switching from day to night
mode. This change may take a few seconds. This delay
prevents rapid changing of the mirror as you drive under
lights and through traffic.
.. . ,
Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter
To remove the rront center ashtray for cleaning, lift it
out by pulling on the snuffer. If it won’t come out, reach
under the drawer and push up on the ashtray bowl and
remove it .
The rear ashtrays are located on the door armrests. To
remove the ashtrays for cleaning, lift the cover and pull
up on the snuffer. To reinstall, push down firmly.
NOTICE:
Don’t put papersor other flammable thingsinto
your ashtrays. Hot cigarettes or other smoking
materials could ignite them, causing damage.
2-46
Lighters are near the ashtrays. To use a lighter, pushit in
all the way. When it’s ready,it will pop back out by itself.
NOTICE:
If you hold acigarette lighter in with your hand
while it is heating, it won’t be able to back away
from the heating element whenit’s ready. That
can makeit overheat, damaging the lighter and
the heating element.
Sun Visors
Visor Vanity Mirror
Rear Visor Vanity Mirrors
(Fleetwood Brougham)
If your vehicle is equipped with an astroroof, it does not
have these mirrors. Pull a mirror down. Move the switch
up or down to brighten or dim the lamps.
Floor Mats
Your Cadillac is equipped with rubber-backed front and
rear floor mats. Keep floor mats vacuumed and use a
spot cleaner, if necessary. Do not maclune wash.
Turn the sunshade down and lift thecover to see the
mirror. Move the switch up or down to brighten or dim
the lamps.
Universal Transmitter (Option)
I€you have this option, you have a safety glass panel
and a sunshade. You can slide your sunshade open or
closed with the handle. When your ignition is in RUN,
move the switch toward the rear of the car to open the
roof. To close it, move the switch toward the fiontof
your car. Once the roof is clo-sed,you can let go of the
switch and then push the front of it again. This opens the
roof at the rear to a vent position. You can operate the
Astroroof for up to 10 minutes after the ignition is
turned off or until any door is opened.
2-48
This transmitter allows you to consolidatethe functions of
up to three individual hand-held transmitters.
It will
operate garage doors and gates, or with
the accessory
package, other devices controlled by radio frequency such
as home/office lighting systemsand security systems.
The transmitter will leam and .transmit the frequencies
of most current transmitters and is powered by your
vehicle’s battery and charging system.
This device complies withPart 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) Th~sdevice may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
Programming the Transmitter
Do not use the transmitter with any garage door opener
that does not have the “stop and reverse’’ safety feature.
This includes any garage door opener model
manufactured before April 1, 1982.
Be sure that peopleand objects are clear of the garage
door you are programming!
Your vehicle’s engine should be turned off while
programming your transmitter. Follow these steps to
program up to three channels:
1. If you have not previously programmed a channel,
proceed to Step2. Otherwise, hold down the two
outside buttons on the transmitter until the red light
begins to flash rapidly (approximately 20 seconds).
Then release the buttons. This procedure initializes
the memory and erases any previous settings for all
three channels.
2 . Hold the end of your hand-held transmitter against
the bottom surface of the transmitter so that you can
still see the red light.
3. Decide which one of the three channels you want to
program. Using both hands, press the hand-held
transmitter button and the desired button on the
transmitter. Continue to hold both buttons through
Step 4.
4. Hold down both buttons until you see the red light
on the transmitter flash rapidly. The rapid flashing,
which could take up to 90 seconds, indicates that the
transmitter has been programmed. Release both
buttons once the light starts to flash rapidly.
If you have trouble programming the transmitter, make
sure that you have followed the directions exactly as
described and that the batteries in the hand-held
transmitter are not dead. If you still cannot program it,
rotate your hand-held transmitter end over end and try
again. The transmitter may not work witholder garage
door openers that do not meet current Federal Consumer
Safety Standards. If you cannot program the transmitter
after repeated attempts, consult your Cadillac dealer.
Be sure to keep your original hand-held transmitter in
case you need to erase and reprogram the transmitter.
Note to Canadian Owners: During programming, your
hand-held transmitter may stop transmitting afterone or
two seconds. If you are programming from one of these
transmitters, the indicator light may prompt youto
re-activate your hand-held transmitter with a series of
double blinks. After you re-activate your hand-held
transmitter, the light should flash rapidly.If it flashes
slowly, continue to periodically re-activate your
hand-held transmitter until thelight flashes rapidly.
Operating the Transmitter
Press and hold the appropriate button on the Universal
transmitter. The red light comes on while the signal is
being transmitted.
Note that the effective transmissionrange of the
transmitter may differfrom yourhand-held transmitter
and from one channel to another.
2-50
Erasing Channels
To erase all three programmed channels, hold down the
two outside buttons until the red light begins to flash.
Individual channels cannot be erased, but can be
reprogrammed using the procedurefor programming the
transmitter explained earlier.
Accessories
Accessories for your Universal Transmitterare available
from the manufacturer of the unit. If you would like
additional information please call 1-800-355-3515.
Instrument Panel
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Side Vents
Main Lamp Control
Instrument Cluster
Center Vents
Comfort Controls
Glove Box
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Ashtray and Cigarette Lighter
Audio System
Transmission Shift Lever
Horn
Multifanction Lever
2-51
Instrument Panel CIuster
TEMP
TRACTION
ENGAGED
LEVEL
RIDE
TRUNK
AJAR
SECURITY
SYSTEM
PASS KEY
FAULT
957;
PRESSURE
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
CRUISE
ENGAGED
-k
-
WASHER
FLUID LOW
UNLEADED FUEL ONLY
ELOW
@
F
El
irllilllirllilrli
CHARGE
FASTEN
BELTS
tzTiJK(e)
TRACTION
CONTROL
CHANGE
OIL
[ P RNOD21
1
(0)
AIR
I3AG
LOW
LO
BRAKE
w
)IL LEVEL
COOLANT
DOOR
AJAR
BRAKE
TO SHIFT
The instrument panelis designed to let you know at a glance how your Cadillac
is running. You’ll know how fast you’re
going, how much fuel you’re using, and
many of other things you’ll need toknow to drive safely and economically.
Speedometer and Odometer
Trip Odometer
The speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles
per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h). The
odometer shows how far your vehicle has been driven,
in either miles (used in the United States) or kilometers
(used in Canada).
You can tellhow far you’ve
gone since you last set it
back to zero. To reset, press
the button.
Your Cadillac Brougham has a tamper-resistant
odometer. If your odometer displays ERROR, someone
has probably tampered with it.
You may wonder what happens if a car has to have a
new odometer installed. The new odometer should be
programmed to the same mileage as the old one. If it
can’t be, then it isset at zero, but a label on thedriver’s
door must show the old reading and when the new one
was installed.
EnglisWMetric Button
You can change the display
from English to metric by
pressing this button.
2-53
Warning Lights. Gages and
Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages that
may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you
locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause an
expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to
your warning lights and gages could also save you or
others from injury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or isa
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you
will see in the details on the next few pages, some
warning lights come on briefly when you start the
engine just to let you know they’re working. If you are
familiar with this section, you should not be alarmed
when this happens.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages and
warning lights work together to let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
2-54
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on
when you are driving, or when one of the gages shows
there may be a problem, check the section that tells you
what to do about it. Please follow this manual’s advice.
Waiting to do repairs can be costly -- and even
dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights
and gages. They’re a big help.
Safety Belt Reminder Light
When the key is turned to RUN or START, a chime will
come on for about eight seconds to remind people to
fasten their safety belts, unless the driver’s safety belt is
already buckled.
The safety belt light
will also come on and
stay on until the driver’s
belt is buckled.
Air Bag Readiness Light
There is anair bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows AIR BAG. The system checks the
air bag’s electrical system formalfunctions. The light
tells you if there is anelectrical problem. The system
check includes the air bag sensors, the air bag modules,
the wiring and the crash sensing and diagnostic module.
For more information on the air bag system, see “Air
Bag” in the Index.
AIR
BAG
You will see this light flash
for a few seconds when you
turn your ignition to RUN
or START. Then thelight
should go out. This means
the system is ready.
Charge Light
1+1
When you turn the key to
RUN or START, this light
will come on briefly, to
show that your alternator
and battery charging
systems are working.
CHARGE
If a light stays on, you need service, and you should take
your Cadillac to the dealer at once. To save your battery
until you get there, turn off all accessories and set your
Electronic Climate Control system to OFF.
If the air bag readiness light doesn’t come on when you
start your vehicle, or stays on, orcomes on when you
are driving, your air bag system may not work properly.
Have your vehicle serviced right away.
2-55
I
Brake System Warning Light
Your Cadillac’s hydraulic brake system is divided into
two parts. If one part isn’t worlung, the other part can
still work and stop you. For good braking, though, you
need both parts working well.
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the
road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is
harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to the floor.
It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on, have the
vehicle towed for service. (See “Towing Your Vehicle”
in the Index.)
If the warning light comes on, there could be a brake
problem. Have your brake system inspected right away.
This light should come on
when you turn the ignition
key to START. If it doesn’t
come onthen, have itfixed
so it will be ready to warn
you if there’s a problem.
BRAKE
Your brake system may not be working properly
if the brake system warning light
is on. Driving
with the brake system warning light on can lead
to an accident. If the lightis still on after you’ve
pulled off the road and stopped carefully, have
the vehicle towed for service.
When the ignition is on, the brake system warning light
will also come onwhen you set your parking brake. The
light will stay on if your parking brake doesn’t release
fully. If it stays on after your parking brake is fully
released, it means you have a brake problem.
2-56
Anti-Lock Brake System WarningLight
With the anti-lock brake
system, this light will
come on when you start
your engine and may stay
LOCK
ANT‘-
(e)
That’s
on for several
normal.seconds.
The anti-lock brake system warning light should come
on briefly when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there is a problem.
The anti-lock brake system warning light may also
come on when you are driving with a compact spare tire.
If this happens, the light means you won’t have
anti-lock until you replace the compact spare with a
full-size tire. If the warning light stays on after you
replace the compact spare with a full-size tire, or if it
comes on again when you’re driving, your Cadillac
needs service.
If the light stays on, turn the ignition off. Or, if the light
comes on when you’re driving, stop as soon as possible
and turn the ignition off. Then start the engine again to
reset the system. If the light still stays on, orcomes on
again while you’re driving, your Cadillac needs service.
If the regular brake system warning light isn’t on, you
still have brakes, but you don’t have anti-lock brakes. If
the regular brake system warning light is also on, you
don’t have anti-lock brakes and there’s a problem with
your regular brakes. See “Brake System Warning Light”
earlier in this part.
2-57
w
Traction Control System Warning Light
TRACTION
CONTROL
This warning light should
come on briefly as you start
the engine. If it doesn’t
come on then, have it fixed
so it will be ready to warn
you if there’sa problem.
If it stays on, or comes on when you’re driving, there
may be a problem with your traction control system and
your vehicle may need service. When this warning light
is on, the system will not limit wheel spin. Adjust your
driving accordingly.
If you turn the system off by pressing the button located
in the glove box, the warning light will come on and
stay on. To turn the system back on, press the button
again. The warning light should go off. (See “Traction
Control System” in the Index for more information.)
If the traction control system warning light comes on
and stays on for an extended period of time when the
system is turned on, your vehicle needs service.
2-58
Traction Control System Active Light
TRACTION
ENGAGED
When your traction control
system is limiting wheel
spin, this light will come on.
Slippery road conditions
may exist if the traction
control system active light
comes on, so adjust your
driving accordingly.
The light will stay on for a few seconds after the traction
control system stops limiting wheel spin.
The traction control system active light also comes on
briefly when you turnthe ignition key to RUN. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be
there to tell you when the system is active.
These lights are deleted on Coachbuilder limousines and
funeral coach packages.
Engine Coolant Temperature Warning Light
k
-
h
This lightshould come
on briefly as a bulb check
when you start the engine.
This lighttells you that
your engine coolant
has overheated.
TEMP
If you have been operating your vehicle under normal
driving conditions, you should pull off the road, stop
your vehicle and turn the engineoff as soon as possible.
In “Problems on the Road,” this manual shows you what
to do. See “Engine Overheating” in the Index.
Low Coolant Warning Light
LOW
COOLANT
If the coolant level in the
radiator is low, this light
will come onand stay on
until you add coolant.
Continuing to drive your
vehicle with this warning
light on may result in
damage to your engine.
See “Engine Coolant” in the Index and have your
vehicle serviced as soon as you can.
2-59
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
(Service Engine SoonLight)
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
CHECK
Domestic
Canada
Your Cadillac is equipped with a computer which
monitors operation of the fuel, ignition and emission
control systems.
2-60
This system is called OBD II (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended
to assure that emissions are at acceptable levels for
the life of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner
environment. (In Canada, OBD I1 is replaced by
Enhanced Diagnostics.) The SERVICE ENGINE SOON
light comes on to indicate that there is a problem and
service is required. Malfunctions often will be indicated
by the system before any problem is apparent, which
may prevent more serious damage to your vehicle. This
system is also designed to assist your service technician
in correctly diagnosing any malfunction.
.
I
NOTICE:
If you keep driving your vehicre with
this light
on, after a while, your emission controls may not
work as well, your fuel economy may not be
as
good and your engine may not run
as smoothly.
This could lead to costly repairs that may not be
covered by your warranty.
This light should come on, as a check to show you it is
working, when the ignition is on and the engine is not
running. If the light doesn’t come on, have it repaired.
This light will also come onduring a malfunction in one
of two ways:
Light Flashing -- A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions and
may damage the emission control system on your
vehicle. Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis
and service is required.
Light On Steady -- An emission control system
malfunction has been detected on your vehicle.
Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis and
service may be required.
The following may prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle:
0
Reduce vehicle speed.
0
Avoid hard accelerations.
0
Avoid steep uphill grades.
0
If towing a trailer, reduce the amount of cargo being
hauled as soon as it is possible.
If the light stops flashing and remains on steady, see “If
the Light Is On Steady” following.
If the light continues to flash, when it issafe to do so,
stop the vehicle. Put your vehicle in PARK (P). Turn the
key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart the engine.
If the light remains on steady, see “If the Light Is On
Steady” following. If the light is still flashing follow the
previous steps, and drive the vehicle to your dealer or
qualified service center for service.
If the Light Is On Steady
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel (see
“Fuel” in the Index). Poor fuel quality will cause your
engine not to run as efficiently as designed. You may
notice this as stalling after start-up, stalling when you
put the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation on
acceleration or stumbling on acceleration. (These
conditions may go away once the engine is warmed up.)
This will be detected by the system and cause the light
to turn on.
Did you just put fuel into
your vehicle?
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install
the cap. The diagnostic system can determine if the fuel
cap has been left off or improperly installed. This will
allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere. A few
driving trips should turn the light off.
Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition
will usually be corrected when the electrical system
dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.
Are you low on fuel?
As your engine starts to run out of fuel, your engine may
not run as efficiently as designed since small amounts of
air aresucked into the fuel linecausing a misfire. The
system can detect this. Adding fuel should correct this
condition. Make sure to install the fuel cap properly. It
will take a few driving trips to turn the light off.
I
If you experience this condition, change the fuel brand
you use. It will require at least one fulltank of the
proper fuel to turn thelight off.
If none of the above steps have made the light turn off,
have your dealer or qualified service center check the
vehicle. Your dealer has the proper test equipment and
diagnostic tools to fix any mechanical or electrical
problems that may have developed.
2-62
t
Oil Pressure Light
W
A
PRESSURE
This light comes on as a
bulb check when you start
the engine. If it doesn’t, be
sure to have itfixed so it
will be there to warn you if
something goes wrong.
When this light comes on and stays on, it means oil isn’t
going through your engine properly. You could be low
on oil, oryou might have some otheroil problem.
Don’t keep driving if the oil pressure is low. If
you do,your engine can become so hot that it
catches fire.You or others could beburned.
Check your oil as soon as possible and have your
vehicle serviced.
I NOTICE:
Damage to your engine from neglected oil
problems can be costlyand is not coveredby
your warranty.
2-63
1
1 This light should come on
LOW
OIL LEVEL
t
Change Oil Light
Low Oil Level Light
while you are starting your
engine provided that your
engine has been off long
enough to let most of the oil
drain back into the oil pan.
During frequent stopping
and starting, the light will
not always come on as you
start the engine.
If it doesn’t come on, have it repaired.
If the light comes
on and stays on, the engine oil level is too low. Check the
oil level and add enough oil to bring the engine oil level
up to the proper level.See “Engine Oil” in the Index.
CHANGE
OIL
The CHANGE OIL light
should come on briefly as
a bulb check when you
start the engine. If the
light doesn’t come on,
have it serviced.
If the CHANGE OIL light comes on and stays on for
20 seconds after you start the engine, have the oil
changed. The light may indicate to change the oil sooner
than suggested in your maintenance schedule, depending
on your driving patterns. The light is activated by the
Oil Life Inlcator which determines the condition of the
oil but doesn’t sense heavy dust in the air or check the
oil level. Therefore, you should change your oil at the
intervals recommended in your maintenance schedule or
when the CHANGE OIL light comes on, whichever
comes first. See “Engine Oil” in the Index.
After changing the engine
oil, the systemmust be reset.
With the ignition key in the RUN position but the engine
off, fully push and release the accelerator pedal three
times within five seconds.If the CHANGE OIL light
flashes two times, the system isreset. However, if the
light comeson and stays on for five seconds,it did not
reset. You’ll need to reset the systemagain.
Brake To Shift Light
This lightwill come on to
remind you that you must
press the brake pedal to
shift out of PARK (P).
BRAKE
TO SHIFT
Pass Key Fault Light
If the enginedoes not start
and this light comes on, the
key may be dirty or wet.
PASS KEY
FAULT
If this light comes on and stays on while driving, you
will be ableto restart your vehicle if you hrrn it off.
However, your vehicle will not be protected by the
PASS-Key I1 feature. See “Pass-Key%’’in the Index.
Cruise Engaged Light
Washer Fluid Low Light
This light will come on
when your cruise control is
set to a selected speed.
CRUISE
ENGAGED
WASHER
FLUID LOW
This light comes on as a
bulb check when you start
your engine. If this light
comes on when your
washers are turned on,
you're low on washer fluid.
Add fluid. See "Windshield
Washer Fluid" in the Index.
Driving without washer fluid can bedangerous. A bad
mud splash can block your vision. You could hit
another vehicle or go off the road. Check your washer
fluid level often.
Door Ajar Light (Op tion)
Trunk Ajar Light
This light will come on if
your trunk is not closed.
This light will come on
if a door isnot
completely closed.
DOOR
AJAR
TRUNK
AJAR
2-67
Fuel Gage
I
The following situations are normal and do not indicate
a fuel gage malfunction.
The fuel gageshows about
how much fuel isin the
UNLEADED FUEL ONLY tank. It works only when
the ignition is in the RUN
position. The 17 bar
segments show the fuel
I
I I
I remaining in your tank.
I
a The pump at the gas station shuts off before the fuel
gage reads FULL (F).
a It takes more (or less) gas to fill up than thegage
indicated. For example, the gage indicated half full,
but it took more or less than half the tank capacity to
fill it.
-
~wmmmnrn
When only one bar segment is still lit, the LOW
message will appear. If the fuel supply gets critically
low, none of the bar segments will be lit and LOW will
flash. You should get fuelimmediately.
0
The gage changes when you turn, stop, or speed up.
,+-
-%\
Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
In this section you’ll find out how to operate thecomfort
control and audio systems offeredwith your Cadillac.
Be sureto read about theparticular systems supplied
with your vehicle.
Electronic Climate Control (ECC)
Comfort Controls
This sectiontells you how tomake your air system work
for you. Your comfort control systemuses ozone
friendly R- 134a refrigerant.
I
You can control theventilation, heating and air
conditioning in your vehicle automaticallyby setting the
desired temperature. The screen displays the outside
temperature, theinside temperature setting, fan speed
and the ECC selection.
3-1
1
OUT TEMP:Press this to display the outside
temperature. Press it again to return to the regular
system display.
TEMP: This sets the interior temperature you want.
Press the lower portion to lower the inside temperature
setting. Press the upper portion to raise the temperature
setting. Once you set the temperature, the system will
automatically maintain the set temperature.
You can change the temperature from 65 O F (18 O C) to
85 O F (29"C), onedegree at a time. You may also choose
60O F ( 16O C) for maximum cooling or 90 O F (33O C) for
maximum heating. The fanwill stay on high speed
unless you select a different speed. In maximum heating,
most of the air will flow out the heater outlets. In
maximum cooling, the system will recirculate the air
inside your vehicle instead of pulling air from outside.
OFF: This turns off anything set in the ECC, but air will
flow through your Cadillac.
ECON: Use this in cold or cool weather to save fuel. It
won't cool or remove humidity from the air. However,
the system will try to keep the air at the chosen
temperature. If it's so warm outside that you need to
cool the air, use AUTO.
AUTO: With this setting, the system automatically
controls the temperature, air distribution and fan
speeds. In cold conditions, the fan will not come on
until the system senses that the engine has started to
warrn up. This prevents cold air from blowing on you
and your passengers.
FAN: The fan speed is controlled automatically if
you have the ECC set on AUTO. However, if youwant
the fan to run at a lower speed, press the lower portion
of the fan switch.
If you wantthe blower to run at a fixed higher speed,
press the upper portion of the fan switch until you see
HI on the display.
If you wantthe fan to run at a fixed low speed, press the
switch until LO is shown on the display.
If you want the fan speed to be automatic but you like
the fan to be higher or lower than the AUTO settings,
just press the switch until either HI AUTO or AUTO LO
is displayed.
If the Fahrenheit (F") or Celsius (C") symbol begins to
flash, or flashes when you turn on the ignition, it
indicates an electrical problem with your air
conditioning system. The flashing will continue for
about two minutes. It means you should have your
system serviced.
1
!
Defogging and Defrosting
DEFROST: To get fog or ice off the windshield,
press this button. The fancomes on at a set speed or you
can choose another fan speed. It will work better if you
first clear any ice and snow from the hood and the air
inlet between the hood and the windshield.
DEFOG: Press this button to divide the air between the
windshield and the heater outlets. This isuseful when
fog appears on the windshield or sideglass due to a
sudden rain or snowy conditions.
Rear Window Defogger
DEFOG: To get fog or ice off the rear window,
press this button. It warms your rear window and both
outside rearview mirrors.
To turn it off, press the button again.
If you still need to use it, press the button again. After
10 minutes, it will go off by itself,
3-4
I NOTICE:
Don’t use a razor blade or something else sharp
on the insideof the rear window.If you do, you
could cut or damage the warming grid, and the
repairs wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
Audio Systems
Your Delco@audio system has been designed to operate
easily and give years of listening pleasure. You will get
the most enjoyment out of it if you acquaint yourself
with it first. Find out what your Delco system can do
and how to operate all its controls, to be sure you’re
getting the most out of the advanced engineering that
went into it.
Setting theClock
You can set the clock with the ignition on or off. Press
and hold HR until the correct hour appears. The letter A
or P may appear on the display for AM or PM. Then,
press and hold MN until the correct minute appears.
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Player
AM-FM: Press this button to get AM, FM1 or FM2.
The display shows your selection. You may also press
AM-FM to switch between the radio and tape when a
tape is in the player.
TUNE: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn it to
choose radio stations. Push the knob back in when
you’re not using it.
SEEK: Press the up or down arrow to go to the
next higher or lower station. The sound will be muted
while seeking.
PUSHBUTTONS: The fivenumbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to
15 stations (five AM, five F M l and five FM2).
1. Press AM-FM to select the band.
Playing the Radio
2. Find the station you want by using TUNE or SEEK.
ON: Press this button to turn the system on or off.
VOL: Turn this knob clockwise to increase volume.
Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
3. Press TONE to select the setting you prefer.
RCL: Press this button briefly to recall the station being
played or the clock display. To change whatis normally
shown on the display (station or time), press
the button
until you see the display you want. Then, hold the button
until the display flashes.If you press the button when the
ignition is off, the clock will show for a few seconds.
4. Press and hold one of the five numbered buttons.
5. The sound will mute. When it returns, release
the button. Whenever you press that numbered
button, the station you set will return and the
TONE you selected will be automatically selected
for that button.
3-5
TONE: This feature allows you to choose preset treble
and bass equalization settings designedfor jazz, vocal,
pop, rock and classical stations.JAZZ will appear on the
display when you first pressTONE. Each time you press
it, another setting will appear on the display. Pressit
again after classic appears, andMANUAL will appear.
Tone control will return to the TREB and BASS knobs.
Also, if youuse the TREB and BASS knobs, control
will return to them andMANUAL will appear.
SCAN: Press and release this button to listen to stations
for a few seconds. The radio will go to a station, stop for
a few seconds, then go on to the next station. Press
SCAN again to stop scanning. The sound will be muted
while scanning, and SCAN will appear on the display.If
you press SCAN for more than two seconds, the radio
will change to PSCAN mode. PSCAN will appear on
the display.
PSCAN: Press SCAN for more than two secondsfor
PSCAN to appear on the display.The radio will go to
the first preset station,stop for a few seconds, then
go to the next preset station. PressSCAN again to
stop scanning.
BASS: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob clockwise toincrease bass and counterclockwise to
decrease bass. The middle position is a detent. Push the
knob back in when you’re not using
it.
3-6
TREB: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Then pull
the knob all the way out. Turn
it clockwise to increase
treble and counterclockwise todecrease treble. The
middle position is a detent. Push the knob back in when
you’re not usingit.
BAL: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turn the
knob to move the soundto the left or right speakers.The
middle position isa detent and balances the speakers.
Push the knob back in when you’re not using
it.
FADE: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Then pull
the knob all the wayout. Turn it to move the soundto
the front or rear speakers. The middle position is a
detent and balances the speakers. Push the knob back in
when you’re not usingit.
Playing a CassetteTape
The longer side with the tape visible should face to the
right. If the ignition is on, but the radio is off, the tape
will begin playing. If you
hear nothing or hear a garbled
sound the tape may not be in squarely. PressEJECT to
remove the tape and start over.
If ERR or E and a number appear on the display, the
tape won’t play because of an error.
E10: The tape is tight and the player can’t turn the
tape hubs. Remove the tape. Hold the tape with the
open end down and try to turn the right hub
counterclockwise with a pencil. Turn the tape over
and try to turn the right hub. If the hubs do notturn
easily, your tape may be damaged and should not be
used in the player. Try a new tape to make sureyour
player is working properly.
E l l : The tape is broken.
a E12: There is a communication problem.
While the tape is playing, use the VOL, FADE, BAL,
TREB and BASS controls just asyou do for theradio.
Other controls may have different functions when a tape
is inserted. The display will show TP and an arrow to
show which side of the tape is playing.
Your tape bias is set automatically. When a metal or
chrome tape isinserted, HI BIAS appears on the display.
If you want to insert a tape when the ignition is off, first
press EJECT or RCL.
SEEK: Press the up or down arrow to search for the
next or previous selection on the tape. Your tape must
have atleast three seconds of silence between each
selection for SEEK to work. The sound will be muted
while seeking.
SCAN: Press this button to listen to each selection for a
few seconds. The tape will go to the next selection, stop
for a few seconds, then go to the next selection. Press
SCAN again to stop scanning. The sound will be muted
while scanning and SCAN will appear on the display.
REV (1): Press this button to reverse rapidly to another
part of the tape. Press itagain to play the tape. While
reversing the tape, the radio will play. Use the TUNE
knob to change the radio station while reversing.
FWD (2): Press this button to advance quickly to
another part of the tape. Press the button again to
play the tape. While forwarding the tape, the radio
will play. Use the TUNE knob to change the radio
station while reversing.
PROG (3): Press this button to change the side of the
tape that is playing.
NR (4): Press this button to reduce background noise.
The double-D symbol will appear on the display.
Dolby@Noise Reduction is manufactured under a
license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Dolby and the doable-D symbol are trademarks of
Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
3-7
RDM (5): This button is active when the sound system
is equipped with aremote 12-disc changer. It will
change discs and tracks in a random, rather than
sequential, order.
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette and Compact
Disc Players (Option)
AM-FM: Press this buttonto play the radio when a tape
is playing. The tape will stop but remain inthe player.
TAPE: Press this buttonto change to the tape function
when the radio is active. A box will appear around TP
on the display when the tape is active.
TONE: You can select aTONE setting while playing a
cassette and it will be used whenever you play a tape.
EJECE Press this buttonto remove the tape. The radio
will play. You may use EJECT with the ignition and
radio off.
CLN: This message may appear on the display. Ifit
does, your cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It
will still play tapes, but you should
clean it as soon as
possible to prevent damage to your tapes and player.
See “Care of Your Cassette Tape Player”in the Index.
After you clean the player, press and hold EJECT for
five seconds to reset the CLN indicator. The radio will
display --- to show the indicator was reset.
3-8
Playing theRadio
ON: Press this button to turn the systemon or off.
VOL: Turn this knobclockwise to increase volume.
Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
RCL: Press this button briefly to recall the station being
played or the clock display. To change whatis normally
shown on the display (station or time), press the button
until you seethe &splay you want. Then, hold the button
until the display flashes.If you press the button when the
ignition is off, the clock will show for a few seconds.
AM-FM: Press this button to get AM, FMl or FM2.
The display shows your selection. You may also press
AM-FM to switch between the radio and tape when a
tape is in the player.
TUNE: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn it to
choose radio stations. Push the knob back in when
you're not using it.
SEEK: Press the up or down arrow to go to the
next higher or lower station. The sound will be muted
while seeking.
PUSHBUTTONS: The fivenumbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to
15 stations (five AM, five FM1 and five FM2).
1. Press AM-FM to select the band.
2. Find the station you want by using TUNE or SEEK.
3. Press TONE to select the setting you prefer.
4. Press and hold one of the five numbered buttons.
5. The sound will mute. When it returns, release
the button. Whenever you press that numbered
button, the station you set will return and the
TONE you selected will be automatically selected
for that button.
TONE: This featureallows you to choose preset treble
and bass equalization settings designed for jazz,vocal,
pop, rock and classical stations. JAZZ will appear on the
display when you first press TONE. Each time you press
it, another setting will appear on the display. Press it
again after classic appears, and MANUAL will appear.
Tone control will return to the TREB and BASS knobs.
Also, if you use the TREB and BASS knobs, control
will return to them and MANUAL will appear.
SCAN: Press and release this button to listen to stations
for a few seconds. The radio will go to a station, stop for
a few seconds, then go on to the next station. Press
SCAN again to stop scanning. The sound will be muted
while scanning, and SCAN will appear on the display. If
you press SCAN for more than two seconds, the radio
will change to PSCAN mode. PSCAN will appear on
the display.
PSCAN: Press SCAN for more than two secondsfor
PSCAN to appear on the display. The radio will go to the
first preset station, stop for a few seconds, then
go to the
next preset station. Press SCAN again to stop scanning.
3-9
BASS: Press this knob iightiy so it extends. Turn the
knob clockwise to increase bass and counterclockwise to
decrease bass. The rniddle position is a detent. Push the
knob back in when you’re not using it.
TREB: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Then pull
the knob all the way out. Turnit clockwise to increase
treble and counterclockwise to decrease treble. The
middle position is a detent. Push the knob back in when
you’re not using it.
BAL: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to move the sound to the left or right speakers. The
middle position is a detent and balances the speakers.
Push the knob back in when you’re not using it.
FADE: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Then pull
the knob all the way out. Turn it to move the sound to
the front or rear speakers. The middle position is a
detent and balances the speakers. Push the knob back in
when you’re not using it.
Playing a CassetteTape
The longer side with the tape visible should face to the
right. If the ignition is on, but the radio is off, the tape
will begin playing. If you hear nothing or hear a garbled
sound, the tape may not be in squarely. Press EJECT to
remove the tape and start over.
3-11
IfEl?R or E and a number appear on the display, the
tape won’t play because of an error.
ElO: The tape is tight and the player can’t turn the
tape hubs. Remove the tape. Hold the tape with the
open end down and try to turn the right hub
counterclockwise with a pencil. Turn the tape over
and try to turn the right hub. If the hubs do not turn
easily, yourtape may be damaged and should not be
used in the player. Try a new tape to make sure your
player is working properly.
Ell: The tape is broken.
E12: There is a communication problem.
While the tape is playing, use the VOL, FADE, BAL,,
TREB and BASS controls just as you do for the radio.
Other controls may have different functions when a tape
is inserted. The display will show TP and an arrow to
show which side of the tape is playing.
Your tape bias is set automatically. When a metal or
chrome tape is inserted, HI BIAS appears on the display.
If you want to insert a tape when the ignition is off, first
press EJECT or RCL.
SEEK: Press the up or down arrow to search for the
next or previous selection on thetape. Your tape must
have at least three seconds of silence between each
selection for SEEK to work. The sound will be muted
while seelung.
Dolby@Noise Reduction is manufacturea unaer a
license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Dolby and the double-D symbol are trademarks of
Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
SCAN: Press this button to listen to each selection for a
few seconds. The tape will goto the next selection, stop
for a few seconds, then go to the next selection. Press
SCAN again to stop scanning. The sound will be muted
while scanning and SCAN will appear on the display.
is playing. The tapewill stop but remain in the player.
REV (1): Press this button to reverse rapidly to another
part of the tape. Press it again to play the tape. While
reversing the tape, the radio will play. Use the TUNE
knob to change the radio station while reversing.
FWD (2): Press this button to advance quickly to
another part of the tape. Press the button again to
play the tape. While forwarding the tape, the radio will
play. Use the TUNEknob to change the radio station
while reversing.
PROG (3): Press this button to change the side of the
tape that is playing.
NR (4): Press this button to reduce background noise.
The double-D symbol will appear on the display.
AM-FM: Press this button to play the radio when a tape
TAPE: Press this button to change tothe tape function
when the radio is active. A box will appear around TP
on the display when the tape is active.
TONE: You can select a TONE setting while playing
a cassette tape and it will be used whenever you play
a tape.
EJECT Press this button to remove the tape. The radio
will play. You may use EJECT with the ignition and
radio off.
CLN: This message may appear on the display. If it
does, your cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It
will still play tapes, but you should clean it as soon as
possible to prevent damage to your tapes and player.
See “Care of Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index.
After you clean the player, press and hold EJECT for
five seconds to reset the CLN indicator. The radio will
display --- to show the indicator was reset.
3-11
Playing a Compact Disc
The integral CD player can play 8 cm “single”
mini-discs. Full-size compact discs and mini-discs are
loaded in the same manner.
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pullit in. If the ignition is on, butthe radio is
off, the disc will begin playing. If you wantto insert a
disc when the ignitionis off, first press EJECT.
If ERR or E and a numberappear on the display, the
disc won’t play because of an error.
E20: FocusError
0
E21: Tracking Error
E22: Motor Error
0
E23: Communication Error
If ERR appears on the display and the disc
comes back
out, it could be that:
You are driving on a very rough road. (The disc
should play whenthe road gets smoother.)
The disc is upside down.
It is dirty, scratched or wet.
It is very humid. (If so, wait about an hour and
try again.)
3-12
SEEK: Press the down arrowto go to the start of the
current track if more than eight seconds have played.
Press the up arrow togo to the next track. If you hold
the button or press it more than once, the player will
continue moving back or forward through the disc.
SCAN: Press this button to listen to each track
for a few
seconds. The player will go to the next track, stopfor a
few seconds, then go to the next track. Sound will be
muted during scanning andSCAN will appear on the
display. Press SCAN again to stop scanning.
REV (1): Press and hold this buttonto return to a
passage quickly. You will hear sound at a reduced
volume. The display will show elapsed time.
FWD (2): Press and hold this button to advance to a
passage quickly. You will hear sound at a reduced
volume. The display will show elapsed time.
RDM (5): Press this buttonto hear the tracks in a
random order. It willchange discs and tracks in a
random, rather than sequential order. PressRDM again
to turn off random play.
AM-FM: Press this button to play the radio when a disc
is playing. The disc will stop but remain in the player.
TAPE-CD: Press this button to change to the tape or
disc function when the radio is on.If both a tape and a
disc are installed, the system will first go to tape play; a
box will appear around TP on the display. If TAPE-CD
is pressed again, the system will go to disc play; a box
will appear around CD onthe display.
RCL: Press this button to see which track is playing.
Press it again within five seconds to see how long it has
been playing (elapsed time). To change what is normally
shown on the display (track orelapsed time), press the
button until you see thedisplay you want. Then, hold
the button until the display flashes.
The THEFTLOCK feature for the radio may be used or
ignored. If ignored, the system plays normally and the
radio is not protected by the feature. If THEFTLOCK is
activated, your radio will not operate if stolen.
When THEFTLOCK is activated, the radio will display
LOC to indicate a locked condition anytime battery
power is removed. If your battery loses power for any
reason, you must unlock the radio with the secret code
before it will operate.
Activating the Theft-Deterrent Feature
TONE: You can select a TONE setting while playing
a compact disc and it will be used whenever you play
a disc.
The instructions which follow explain how to enter your
secret code to activate the THEFTLOCK system. It is
recommended that you read through all nine steps
before starting the procedure.
EJECT Press this button to remove the disc or tape.
The item (TPKD) with a box around it on the display
will eject and the radio will play.
NOTE: If you allow more than 15 seconds to elapse
between any steps, the radio automatically reverts to
time and you must start the procedure over at Step 4.
Theft-Deterrent Feature
1. Write down any three or four-digit number from
000 to 1999 and keep it in a safe place separate from
the vehicle.
THEFTLOCK” is designed to discourage theft of your
radio. It works by using a secret code to disable all radio
functions whenever battery power is removed.
2. Turn the ignition to the ACCESSORY or RUN
position.
3. Turn the radio off.
3-13
4. Press the 1and 4 buttons together. Hold them down
until --- shows on the display. Next you will use the
secret code number which you have written down.
5. Press MN and 000 will appear on the display.
6. Press MN again to make the last two digits agree
with your code.
7. Press HR to make the first one or two digits agree
with your code.
8. Press AM-FM after you have confirmed that the
code matches the secret code you have written down.
The display will show REP to let you know that you
need to repeat Steps 5 through 7 to confirm your
secret code.
9. Press AM-FM and this time the display will show
SEC to let you know that your radio is secure. The
indicator by the volume control will begin flashing
when the ignition is turned off.
Unlocking the Theft-Deterrent Feature After
a
Power Loss
Enter your secret code as follows; pause no more than
15 seconds between steps:
1. LOC appears when the ignition is on.
2. Press MN and 000 will appear on the display.
3. Press MN again to make the last two digits agree
with your code.
4. Press HR to make the first one or two digits agree
with your code.
5 . Press AM-FM after you have confirmed that the
code matches the secret code you have written down.
The display will show SEC, indicating the radio is
now operable and secure.
If you enter the wrong code eight times, INOP will
appear on the display. You will have to wait an hour
with the ignition on before you can try again. When you
try again, you will onlyhave three chances to enter the
correct code before INOP appears.
If you lose or forget your code, contact your dealer.
3-14
Disabling the Theft-Deterrent Feature
Enter your secret code as follows; pause no more than
15 seconds between steps:
1. Turn the ignition to the ACCESSORY or
RUN position.
If the code entered is incorrect, SEC will appear on the
display. The radio will remain secured until the correct
code is entered.
When battery power is given to a secured radio, the
radio won’t turn on and LOC will appear on the display.
2. Turn the radio off.
Understanding Radio Reception
3. Press the 1 and 4 buttons together. Hold them down
until SEC shows on the display.
FM Stereo
4. Press MN and 000 will appear on the display.
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). Tall
buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals, causing
the sound to come and go.
5 . Press MN again to make the last two digits agree
with your code.
6 . Press HR to make the firstone or two digits agree
with your code.
7. Press AM-FM after you have confirmed that the
code matches the secret code you have written down.
The display will show ---,indicating that the radio is
no longer secured.
FM stereo will give you the best sound. But FM signals
AM
The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially at night. The longer range, however, can
cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can pick
up noise from things like storms and power lines. Try
reducing the treble to reduce this noise if you ever get it.
3-15
NOTICE:
Before you add any sound equipment to your
vehicle like a tape player,CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio be sure you can add
what you want.If you can, it’s veryimportant to
do it properly. Added sound equipment may
interfere with the operation of your vehicle’s
engine, Delcoradio or other systems, and even
damage them.Your vehicle’s systems may
interfere with the operation of sound equipment
that has been added improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment, checkwith
your dealer and be sure to check Federal rules
covering mobileradio and telephone units.
--
--
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
A tape player that is not cleaned regularly can cause
reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes or a damaged
mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored in their
cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight and
extreme heat. If they aren't, they may not operate
properly or may cause failureof the tape player.
Your tape player should be cleaned regularly after every
50 hours of use. Your radio may displayCLN to indicate
that you have used yourtape player for 50 hours without
resetting the tape clean timer. If you notice a reduction in
sound quality,try a known good cassetteto see if the tape
or the tape player is at fault. If this other cassette has no
improvement in sound quality, clean
the tape player.
Cleaning may be done with a scrubbing action,
non-abrasive cleaning cassette with pads which scrub
the tape head as the hubs of the cleaner cassette turn. It
is normal for the cassette to eject while cleaning. Insert
the cassette at least three times to ensure thorough
cleaning. A scrubbing action cleaning cassette is
available through your Cadillac dealer.
You may also choose a non-scrubbing action, wet-type
cleaner which uses a cassette with a fabric belt to clean
the tape head. This type of cleaning cassette will not.
eject. It may not clean as thoroughly as the scrubbing
type cleaner.
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality may
degrade over time. Always make sure that the cassette
tape is in good condition before you have your tape
player serviced.
Care of Your Compact Discs
Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original cases
or other protective cases and away from direct sunlight
and dust. If the surface of a disc is soiled, dampen a
clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution and
clean it, wiping from 'thecenter to the edge.
Be sure never to touch the signal surface when handling
discs. Pick up discs by grasping the outer edges or the
edge of the hole and the outer edge.
3-17
Power Antenna Mast Care
Your power antenna will lookits best and work
well if it’s cleanedfrom time to time. To clean the
antenna mast:
1. Turn on the ignition and radio to raise the antenna.
2. Dampen a clean cloth with mineral spiritsor
equivalent solvent.
3. Wipe the cloth over the mast sections, removing
any dirt.
4. Wipe dry with aclean cloth.
5. Make the antenna go up and downby turning the
radio or ignition off and on.
6. Repeat if necessary.
I NOTICE:
Don’t lubricate the power antenna. Lubrication
could damage it.
3-18
I NOTICE:
Before entering an automatic car wash, turn off
your radio to make the power antenna go down.
This will prevent the mast from possibly getting
damaged. If the antenna does notgo down when
you turn the radio off, it may be damagedor
need to be cleaned.In either case, lowerthe
antenna by hand by carefully pressingthe
antenna down.
If the mast portion of your antenna is damaged, you can
easily replace it. See your dealer for a replacement kit
and follow the instructions inthe kit.
Section 4 Your Driving and the Road
Defensive Driving
4-1
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving
is a national tragedy. It’s the number one contributor to
the highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims
every year.
The obvious way to solve this highway safety problem
is for people never to drink alcohol and then drive. But
what if people do? How much is “too much”if the
driver plans todrive? It’s a lot less than many might
think. Although it depends on each person and situation,
here is some general information on the problem.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive
a vehicle:
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) ofsomeone
who is drinking depends uponfour things:
Drunken Driving
Judgment
0
The amount of alcohol consumed
Muscular Coordination
0
The drinker’s body weight
0
Vision
0
0
Attentiveness.
The amount of food that is consumed before and
during drinking
0
The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol.
Police records show thatalmost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases,
these deaths are the result of someone who was drinking
and driving. In recent years, some 18,000annual motor
vehicle-related deaths have been associated withthe use
of alcohol, with more than300,000 people injured.
Many adults -- by some estimates, nearly half the
adult population -- choose never to drink alcohol, so
they never drive after drinking. For persons under 21,
it’s against the law in everyU.S. state to drink alcohol.
There aregood medical, psychological and
developmental reasons forthese laws.
4-2
According to the American Medical Association,a
180-lb. (82 kg) person who drinks three 12-ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a
BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce (120 ml) glasses
of wine or three mixed drinks if each had1-1/2 ounces
(45 ml) of a liquor like whiskey, gin or vodka.
Since alcohol is carried in body water, this means that a
woman generally will reach a higher BAC level than a
man of her same body weight when each has the same
number of drinks.
The law in many U.S. states sets the legal limit at a BAC
of 0.10 percent. In a growing number of U.S. states, and
throughout Canada, the limit is0.08 percent. In some
other countries, it.’s even lower. The BAC limit for all
commercial drivers in the United States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to
six drinks (in one hour). Of course,~aswe’ve seen, it
depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks, and how
quickly the person drinks them.
It’s the amount of alcohol thattcounts. Forexample, if
the same person dm& three double martinis (3 ounces
or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the person’s
BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A person who
consumes food justbefore or during drinking will have a
.somewhat lower BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally have
a lower relative percentage of body water than men.
But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of
0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills of
many people are impaired at a BAC approachg
0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night. All
drivers are impaired at BAC levels above 0.05 percent.
Statistics show that the chance of being in a collision
increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of
0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of
0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of having a
collision. At a BAC levelof 0.10 percent, the chance of
this driver having a collision is 12 times greater; at a
level of 0.15 percent, the chance is 25 times greater!
I
Drinking and then driving is very dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentivenessand
judgment can be affected by even a smallamount
of alcohol. You can have aserious or even
fatal collision if you drive after drinking.
Please don’tdrink and drive or ride with adriver
who has been drinking. Ride home
in a cab; or if
you’re with a group, designate driver
a
who will
not drink.
-9
9-
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive in
spurts -- heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking -- rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is a
mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool between
hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much faster if you
do a lot of heavy braking. If you keep pace with the
traffic and allow realistic following distances, you will
eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking. That means
better braking and longer brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you’re driving, brake
normally but don’t pump your brakes. If you do, the
pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine
stops, you will still have some power brake assist. But
you will use it when you brake. Once the power assist is
used up, it may take longer to stop and the brake pedal
will be harder to push.
4-6
Anti-Lock Brakes
Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes (ABS). ABS is an
advanced electronic braking system that will help
prevent a braking skid.
When you start your engine and begin to drive away,
your anti-lock brake system will check itself. You may
hear a momentary motor or clicking noise while this test
is going on, and you may even notice that your brake
pedal moves a little. This is normal.
ANT‘LOCK
If there’s a problem with the
anti-lock brake system, this
warning light will stay on.
See “Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning Light’’ in
the Index.
(e)
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure
faster than anv driver could. The commter is
programmed to make the most of available tire and
road conditions.
.’
I
1
Here’s how anti-lock works. Let’s say the road is wet.
You’re driving safely. Suddenly an animal jumps out in
front of you.
You slam on the brakes. Here’s what happens with ABS.
Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t change the time you need
to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always decrease
stopping distance. If you get too close to the vehicle in
front of you, you won’thave time to apply yourbrakes
if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops. Always leave
enough room up ahead to stop, even though you have
anti-lock brakes.
1
TRACTION
ENGAGED
This light will come on
when the traction control
system is limiting wheel
spin. See “Traction Control
System Active Light” in the
Index. You may feel or hear
the system working, but this
is normal.
Using Anti-Lock
Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down
and let anti-lock work for you. You may hear the
anti-lock pump or motor operate, and feel the brake
pedal pulsate, but this is normal.
Traction Control System
Your vehicle has a traction control system that limits
wheel spin. This is especially useful in slippery road
conditions. The system operates only if it senses that the
rear wheels are spinning or beginning to lose traction.
When this happens, the system works the rear brakes
and reduces engine power (by closing the throttle and
managing engine spark) to limit wheel spin.
4-8
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction
control system begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise
control will automatically disengage. When road
conditions allow you to safely use it again, you may
re-engage the cruise control. (See “Cruise Control” in
the l[nrSa.x.)
,,*
T'lRACTlmO1\1~
CO'NTROL
When the system is on, this
warning light will come on
to let you h o w if there's a
problem with ycittr traction
control svstem.
TRACTION
C 0NTRO LENA'BLEjDlSABLE
SWITCH
Owner's
Manual
See
Printed h Ur6.A.
FT. NO.1024S044
i
~
Braking in Emergencies
Use your anti-lock braking system when you need to.
With anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the same
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more
than even the very best braking.
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist becausethe engine
stops or the system is not functioning, you cansteer but
it will take muchmore effort.
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It’s important to take curves at a reasonablespeed.
A lot of the “driverlost control” accidents~mentionedon
the news happen on curves. Here’s why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of usis subject to
the same lawsof physics when driving on curves. The
traction of the tires against the road surface makes it
possible for the vehicle to change its path when you turn
the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertia will keep
the vehicle going in the same direction. If you’ve ever
tried to steer a vehicle on wetice, you’ll understand this.
4-10
Off-had Recovery
Passing
You may find sometime that your right wheels have
dropped off the edgeof a road onto the shoulder while
you’re driving.
The driver of a vehicle aboutto pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then goes
back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing anothervehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerousmove, since the
passing vehicle occupies the samelane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrenderto frustration or angercan
suddenly put the passing driverface to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents -- the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
0
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Easeoff the
accelerator and then,if there is nothing in the way, steerso
that your vehicle straddles the edge of the pavement. You
can turn the steering wheel up to one-quarter turn until the
right front tire contactsthe pavement edge. Thenturn your
steering wheel to go straight down the roadway.
4-12
“Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides and to
crossroads for situations that might affect your passing
patterns. If you have any doubt whatsoever about
making a successful pass, wait for a better time.
Watch for tral3-i~ signs, pavement markings and lines.
If you can see a sign up ahead that might indicate a
turn or an intersection, delay your pass.
A broken
center line usually indicates it’s
all right to pass
(providing the road ahead is clear). Never cross a solid
line on your side of the lane or a double solid line,
even if the road seems empty of approaching traific.
Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to pass
while you’re awaiting an opportunity. For onething,
following too closely reduces your area of vision,
especially if you’re following a larger vehicle.
Also, you won’t have adequate space if the vehicle
ahead suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a
reasonable distance.
When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and don’t
get too close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move into the
other lane. If the way is clear topass, you will have a
“running start” that more than makes up for the
distance you would lose by dropping back. And if
something happens to cause you to cancel your pass,
you need only slow down and dropback again and
wait for another opportunity.
If other cars are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait
your turn. But take care that someone isn’t trying to
pass you as you pull out to pass the slow vehicle.
Remember to glance over your shoulder and check
the blind spot.
Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and
start your left lane change signal before moving out
of the right lane to pass. When you are farenough
ahead of the passed vehicle to see its frontin your
inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal
and move back into the right lane. (Remember that
your right outside mirror is convex. The vehicle you
just passed may seem to be farther away from you
than it really is.)
Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time
on two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the
next vehicle.
Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it may
be slowing down or starting to turn.
0
If you’re being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps you
can easea little to the right.
Loss of Control
Let’s review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems (brakes, steering
and acceleration) don’t have enough friction where the
tires meet the road to do what the driver has asked.
In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep trying to
steer and constantly seek an escape route or area of
less danger.
4-13
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control
of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by talung reasonable
care suited to existing conditions, and by not “overdriving”
those conditions. But skids are always possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your Cadillac’s
three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels
aren’t rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too
much speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip and
lose cornering force. And in the acceleration skid, too
much throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
A cornering skid is best handled by easing your foot off
the accelerator pedal.
Remember: Any traction control system helps avoid
only the acceleration skid.
If your traction control system is off, then an
acceleration skid is also best handled by easing your
foot off the accelerator pedal.
4-14
Driving at Night
Here are sometips on night driving.
Drive defensively.
0
Don’t drink and drive.
Since you can’t see as well, you may need to
slow down and keep more space between you
and other vehicles.
Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your
headlamps can light up only so much road ahead.
In remote areas, watch for animals.
If you’re tired, pull off the road in a safe place
and rest.
Night driving is more dangerousthan day driving. One
reason is that some driversare likely to be impaired-- by
alcohol or drugs, with night vision problems, or by fatigue.
4-15
What you do in the daytime can also affect your night
vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes will
have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you’re
driving, don’t wear sunglasses at night. They may cut
down on glare from headlamps, but they also make a lot
of things invisible.
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even several
seconds, for your eyes to readjust to the dark. When you
are faced with severe glare (as from a driver who
doesn’t lower the high beams, or a vehicle with
rnisaimed headlamps), slow down a little. Avoid staring
directly into the approaching headlamps.
4-16
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet
road, you can’t stop, accelerate or turn as well because
your tire-to-road traction isn’t as good as on dry roads.
And, if your tires don’t have much tread left, you’ll get
even less traction. It’s always wise to go slower and be
cautious if rain starts to fall while you are driving. The
surface may get wet suddenly when your reflexes are
tuned for driving on dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harder it isto see. Even if your
windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy rain
can make it harderto see road signs and traffic signals,
pavement markings, the edge of the road and even
people walking.
It’s wise to keep your windshield wiping equipment in
good shape and keep your windshield washer tank filled
with washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper
inserts when they show signs of streaking or missing
areas on the windshield, or when strips of rubber start
to separate from the inserts.
4-17
ents. They won’t work
wen in a quick stop and may cause pulling to one
side. You could lose controlof the vehicle.
of water or
After driving through a large puddle
a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly
until
your brakes work normally.
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems, too.
The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid puddles.
But if you can’t, try to slow down before you hit them.
4-18
Hydroplaning
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tires that they can actually ride on the water.
This canhappen if the road is wet enough and you’re
going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning,
it has little or no contact with the road.
I NOTICE:
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But it can if your
tires haven’t much tread or if the pressure in one or
more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is standing on
the road. If you can seereflections from trees, telephone
poles or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the
water’s surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There
just isn’t a hard and fast ruleabout hydroplaning. The
best advice~isto slow down when it israining.
l
If you drive too quickly through deep puddles or
standing water, water can come in through your
engine’s air intake and badly damage your
engine. Never drive through water that is slightly
lower than the underbody of your vehicle. If you
can’t avoid deep puddles or standing water, drive
through them very slowly.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you pass
another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room
ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted
by road spray.
0
Have good tires with proper tread depth. (See
“Tires” in the Index.)
4-19
City Driving
. ,,-
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
Know the best way to get to where you are going. Get
a city map and plan your trip intoan unknown part of
the city just as you would for a cross-countrytrip.
Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross most
large cities. You’ll save time and energy. (See the
next part, “Freeway Driving.”)
Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic
light is there because the corner is busy enough to
need it. When a light turns green, and just before you
start to move, check both ways for vehicles that have
not cleared the intersection or may be running the
red light.
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You’ll want to watch out for
what the other drivers are doing and pay attention to
traffic signals.
4-20
Freeway Driving
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads to the
freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you
drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to
check traffic. Try to determine where you expect to
blend with the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close to
the prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal, check
your mirrors and glance over your shoulder as often as
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the
posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it’s slower.Stay
in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make sure there isn’t another vehicle in your
“blind” spot.
Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways,
expressways, turnpikes or superhighways) are the safest
of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep
up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive atthe same
speed most of the other drivers are driving. Too-fast or
too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat the
left lane ona freeway as a passing lane.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to move
slightly slower at night.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the proper
lane well in advance. If you m i s s your exit, do not,
under any circumstances, stop and back up. Drive on to
the next exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
4-21
The exit speed is usually posted.
Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not
to your sense of motion. After driving for any distance
at higher speeds, you may tend to think you are going
slower than you actually are.
Before Leaving ona Long Trip
e
d
Make sure you’re ready. Try to bewell rested. If you
must start when you’re ndt fresh -- such as after a day’s
work -- don’t plan to make too many miles that first part
of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing and shoes you
can easily drive in.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it’s ready to go. If it needs
service, have it done before starting out. Of course,
you’ll find experienced and able service experts in
Cadillac dealerships all across North America. They’ll
be ready and willing to help if you needit.
4-22
c
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Is there actually such a condition as “highway hypnosis”?
Or is itjust plain falling asleep at the wheel?Call it
highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road with
the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on the
road, the drone of the engine, and the rush of the wind
against the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Don’t
let it happen to you! If it does,your vehicle can leave
the road in less than a second, and you could crash and
be injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be
aware that it can happen.
Then here are some tips:
Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and to
the sides. Check your rearview mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
0
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flator rolling terrain.
If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest, service
or parking area and take a nap, get some exercise, or
both. For safety, treat drowsiness on the highway as
an emergency.
4-23
J
Coasting downhill inNEUTRAL (N) or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Yourbrakes will have to
do all the workof slowing down. They could get
so
hot that they wouldn’t work well. You wouldthen
have poor brakingor even none going down
a hill.
You could crash. Always have your engine running
and your vehiclein gear when you godownhill.
i
If you don’tshift down, yourbrakes could getso
hot that they wouldn’t workwell. You would then
have poorbraking or even none goingdown a hill.
You could crash. Shift down to let your engine
assist yourbrakes on a steep downhill slope.
0
Know how to go uphill.You may want to shift down
to a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your engine
and tsansmission, and you can climb the
hill better.
0
Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Don’t swing wide or cut
across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let
you stay in your ownlane.
0
As you go over the topof a hill,be alert. There could be
something in your lane,like a stalled car or an accident.
You may see highway signs on mountains that warn of
special problems. Examples are long grades, passing or
no-passing zones, a falling rocks area or winding
roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate action.
0
Winter Driving
Here are some tips for winter driving:
Have your Cadillac in good shape for winter.
YOU maywant to put winter emergency supplies in
your trunk.
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a supply
of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer
clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red cloth and a
couple of reflective warning triangles. And, if you will
be driving under severe conditions, include a small bag
of sand, a piece of old carpet or a couple of burlap bags
to help provide traction. Be sure you properly secure
these items in your vehicle.
4-25
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet the
road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and
the road, you can have a very slippery situation. You’ll
have alot less traction or “grip” and will need to be
very careful.
4-26
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little faster
than just idle. That is, push the accelerator slightly. This
uses less fuel forthe heat that you get and it keeps the
battery charged. You will need a well-charged battery to
restart the vehicle, and possibly for signaling later on
with your headlamps. Let theheater run for awhile.
Loading Your Vehicle
Fm
TIRE-LOADING INFORMATION
OCCUPANTS
VEHICLE CAP. WT.
CTR.
FRT.
RR.
TOTAL LBS.
KG
7
MAX. LOADING & GVWR SAME AS VEHICLE
XXX
COLD
TIRE
CAPACITY
WEIGHT
Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost
PRESSURE
SPEED
SIZE TIRE
all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine again
PSVKPa
RTG
and repeat this only when you feel really uncomfortable
FRT.
RR.
from thecold. But do it as little
as possible. Preserve the
SPA.
fuel as longas you can. To help keep warm, you can get
IF TIRES ARE HOT, ADD 4PS1/28KPa
out of the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises
SEE OWNER'S MANUAL FOR ADDITIONAL
every half hour or so until help comes.
INFORMATION
Two labels on your vehicle show how much weight it
may properly carry. The Tire-Loading Information label
found on the driver's door tells you the proper size,
speed rating and recommended inflation pressures for
the tires on your vehicle. It also gives you important
information about the number of people that can be in
your vehicle and the total weight that you can carry.
This weight is called the Vehicle Capacity Weight and
includes the weight of all occupants, cargo and all
options not installed in the factory.
4-29
MFDBYGENERALMOTORSCORP
DATE GVWR GAWR FRT GAWR RR
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE U.S. FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICLE
SAFETY, BUMPER, AND THEFT PREVENTION
STANDARDS IN EFFECT ON THE DATE OF
MANUFACTURE SHOWN ABOVE.
Do not load your vehicle
GVWR, or either themaximum front or rear
GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle can break,
or itcan change theway your vehicle handles.
These could cause youto lose control. Also,
overloading can shorten the life
of your vehicle.
i
The other label is the Certification label,found on the
rear edge of the driver’s door.It tells you the gross
weight capacity of your vehicle,called the GVWR
(Gross Vehicle WeightRating). The GVWR includes the
weight of the vehicle,all occupants, fuel and cargo.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle northe
GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating)for either the front
or rear axle.
And, if you do have a heavy load, you shouldspread
it out. Don’t carry more than200 lbs. (90 kg) in
your trunk.
4-30
I NOTICE:
Your warranty does not cover parts or
components that fail becauseof overloading.
If you put things inside your vehicle -- like suitcases,
tools, packages, or anything else -- they will go as fast
as the vehicle goes. If you
have to stop or turn quickly,
or if there is a crash, they’llkeep going.
Towing a Trailer
Things you put inside your vehicle can strike
and injurepeople in a sudden stop or turn, or
in a crash.
Put things in the trunk of your vehicle. In a
trunk, putthem as far forward as you can.
Try to spread theweight evenly.
Never stack heavier things, like suitcases,
inside the vehicle so that some of them are
above the tops of the seats.
Don’t leave an unsecured child restraint in
your vehicle.
When you carry something insidethe
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
CAUTION:
If you don’t usethe correct equipment and drive
properly, you can lose control when youpull a
trailer. For example, if the trailer is too heavy,the
brakes may not work well or even at all. You
and your passengers could be seriously
injured.
Pull a trailer only if you have followedall the
steps in this section. Ask your Cadillac dealer for
advice and information about towing atrailer
with your vehicle.
--
1 NOTICE:
Pulling atrailer improperly can damage your
vehicle and result in costly repairs not covered by
your warranty. To pull a trailer correctly, follow
the advice inthis part.
Your vehicle can tow a trailer if it is equipped with
proper towing equipment. To identify what the vehicle
trailering capacity is for your vehicle, you should read
the information in “Weight of the Trailer” that appears
later in this section. But trailering is different than just
driving your vehicle by itself. Trailering means changes
in handling, durability, and fuel economy. Successful,
safe trailering takes correct equipment, and it has to be
used properly.
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
0
There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal, not only where you live but
also where you’ll be driving. A good source for this
information can be state or provincial police.
0
You should always use a weight distributing
(equalizing) hitch if your trailer will weigh more
than 3,000 lbs. (1 362 kg). Consider using sway
control if your loaded trailer will weigh 3,000 lbs.
(1 362kg) or more. You can ask a hitch dealer
about sway controls.
That’s the reason for this part. In it are many
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety rules.
Many of these are important for your safety and that of
your passengers. So please read this section carefully
before you pull a trailer.
Your Cadillac is a passenger vehicle. Trailer towing can
change the way your vehicle performs on the road. The
loads and forces created when trailering subject the
vehicle to significant levels of stress.
Load-pulling components such as the engine,
transmission, rear axle, wheel assemblies and tires are
forced to work harder against the drag of the added
weight. The engine is required to operate at relatively
higher speeds and under greater loads, generating extra
heat. What’s more, the trailer adds considerably to wind
resistance, increasing the pulling requirements.
4-32
e Consider using a sway control if yourtrailer will
weigh 2,000 lbs. (900 kg) or less. You should always
use a swaycontrol if your trailer will weigh more
than 2,000 lbs. (900 kg). You can ask a hitch dealer
about sway controls.
0
Trailers that weigh more than 1,000 lbs. (454 kg)
should be equipped with trailer brakes.
0
Surge brakes may be used on some trailers (e.g., boat
trailers). However, surge brakes do not work well
with most sway control devices.Do not use sway
control devices on trailers equipped with surge brakes.
0
0
0
0
Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first 1,000 miles
(1 600 km)your new vehicle is driven. Your engine,
axle or otherparts could be damaged.
Weight of the Trailer
Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km)that you
tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph (80 km/h) and
don’t make starts at fullthrottle. This helps your
engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in atthe
heavier loads.
It should never weigh more than 2,000 lbs. (900 kg)
including the load or 7,000 lbs. (3 180 kg) if you have
the optional trailer towing package. But even that can be
too heavy.
Obey speed limit restrictions when towing a trailer.
Don’t drive faster than the maximum posted speed
for trailers (or no more than 55 mph (90 km/h))
to save wear on your vehicle’s parts. Avoid
continuous operation in mountainous areas that
have grades greater than two percent for longer than
5 miles (8 km).
Change axlelubricant annually or every 7,500 miles
(12 500 km)of trailer towing, whichever occurs first.
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
0
the weight of the trailer,
0
the weight of the trailer tongue
and the total weight on your vehicle’s tires.
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It also depends on how you plan to use your rig.
For example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
temperature and how much your vehicle is used to pull a
trailer are all important. And, it can also depend on any
special equipment that you have on your vehicle,
You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or
advice, or you can write us at:
Consumer Relations Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
30009 Van Dyke
P.O. Box 9025
Warren, MI 48090-9025
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Assistance Center
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1 H 8P7
4-33
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important
weight to measure because it affects the total capacity
weight of your vehicle. The capacity weight includes the
curb weight of the vehicle, any cargo you may carry in
it, and the people who will be riding in the vehicle. And
if you will tow a trailer, you must subtract the tongue
load from your vehicle’s capacity weight because your
vehicle will be carrying that weight, too. See “Loading
Your Vehicle” in the Index for more information about
your vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
If you’re using a weight-carrying hitch, the trailer
tongue (A) should weigh 10%of the total loaded trailer
weight (B). If you have a “weight-distributing” hitch,
the trailer tongue (A) should weigh 12% of the total
loaded trailer weight (B).
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue, separately, to see if the weights are
proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them right
simply by moving some items around in the trailer.
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure your vehicle’s tiresare inflated to the
recommended pressure for cold tires. You’ll find these
numbers on the Certification label at therear edge of the
driver’s door orsee “Loading Your Vehicle” in the Index.
Then be sure you don’t go over
the GVW limit for your
vehicle, including the weightof the trailer tongue.
A
4-34
B
The Gross Combined Vehicle Weight (GCVW) = curb
weight + passengers’ weight + cargo + trailer weight.
It should never exceed 7,450 lbs. (3 1SO kg) for the
standard vehicle or 12,100 lbs. (5 490 kg) for the
7,000 lb. towing package.
Hitches
Using A Weight-Carrying Trailer Hitch
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough roads are a
few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch. Here are
some rules to follow:
(Recommended for loaded trailers weighing less than
3,000 lbs. or 1 362 kg.)
e If you’ll be pulling a trailer that, when loaded, will
weigh more than 2,000 lbs. (900 kg), be sure to use a
properly mounted, weight-distributing hitch and
sway control of the proper size. This equipment is
very important for proper vehicle loading and good
handling when you’re dnving.
e Will you have to make any holes in the body of your
vehicle when you install a trailer hitch? If you do,
then be sure to seal the holes later when you remove
the hitch. If you don’t seal them, deadly carbon
monoxide (CO) from your exhaust can get into your
vehicle (see “Carbon Monoxide” in the Index). Dirt
and water can, too.
e Don’t let the steel in a hitch contact the aluminum on
your bumper. If you do, the two will corrode. You
can use something like paint or plastic tape to
separate the steel and aluminum. The samesteel to
aluminum problem can happen with fasteners, too.
The trailer tongue should weigh 10 percent of the
total trailer load (maximum 300 lbs. or 136 kg) or as
specified by the trailer manufacturer to minimize
sway.
Trailers that weigh more than 1,000lbs. (454 kg)
should be equipped with trailer brakes.
Consider using sway control if your loaded trailer
will weigh 3,000 lbs. (1 362 kg) or more.
Trailer Hitching Procedure UsingA Weight
Distributing (Equalizing) Hitch
(Recommended for loaded trailers weighing 3,000 lbs.
to 7,000 lbs. or 1 362 kg to 3 178 kg.)
Using a weight distributing hitch without disabling the
Electronic Level Control (ELC) system may defeat the
purpose of the weight distributing hitch. Also, your rear
tires may become overloaded. A weight distributing
hitch should spread the load to all axles. If you use a
weight distributing hitch, always disable the ELC by
following the proper steps.
4-35
Your vehicle is equipped with an Electronic Level
Control (ELC) feature. When hooking up a trailer
using a weight distributing hitch, always use the
following procedure:
a Place the vehicle on a level surface without the
trailer hitched. With the ignition off, and all doors
closed, allow the vehicle to level automatically.
In A d d l o n
a Use two friction sway controls if your trailer is over
5,000 lbs. (2 270 kg) loaded weight, and/or is over
24 feet (7.3 m) long.
a Use at least one friction sway control if your
trailer is over 2,000 lbs. (900 kg) loaded weight,
and consider using one for trailers under
2,000 lbs. (900 kg).
a Disable the Electronic Level Control (ELC) by
pulling the LEVEL CTRL fuse fromthe underhood
electrical center located on the passenger-side wheel
housing in the engine compartment. Remove the
cover to gain access.
a Trailers that weigh more than 1,000 lbs. (454 kg)
should be equipped with trailer brakes.
0
Surge brakes work with most weight-distributing
hitches as long as all the equipment is properly
installed. Check with the hitch manufacturer for
advice and installation instructions.
0
If a trailer is over 5,000 lbs. (2 270 kg), adjust
the vehicle's rear tire pressures to 35 psi (240 P a )
(cold tire pressure).
a Attach the trailer to the vehicle. The trailer tongue
should weigh 12 percent of the total loaded
trailer weight.
a Level the vehicle with the load-leveling spring
bars (equalizers).
0
Leave the fuse out while towing your trailer.
Once you have completed towing your trailer, be sure to
reinstall the Electronic Level Control (ELC) fuse.
4-36
Safety Chains
Trailer Wiring Harness
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the tongue
of the trailer so that the tongue will not drop to the road
if it becomes separated from thehitch. Instructions
about safety chains may be provided by the hitch
manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer. Follow the
manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching safety
chains and do not attach them to the bumper. Always
leave just enough slack so you can turn with your rig.
And, never allow safety chains todrag on the ground.
If your Fleetwood is equipped with the heavy duty
trailering option, a five-wire trailering harness is
located in the trunk. You may have to have itwired
to your vehicle.
Trailer Brakes
If your trailer weighs more than 1,000 lbs. (450 kg)
when loaded, it needs to be equipped with adequate
brakes. Be sure to read and follow the instructions
for the trailer brakes so you’ll be able to maintain
them properly.
Because you have anti-lock brakes, do not try to tap into
your vehicle hydraulic brake system. If you do, both
brake systems won’t work well, or atall.
These trailer harness color codes should be followed
when connecting to your trailer:
0
White: Direct Trailer Ground for Trailer Lamps
0
Brown: Parking Lamps
Yellow: Left Turn and Stoplamps
Dark Green: Right Turn and Stoplamps
Dark Blue: Auxiliary Circuit
Driving with a Trailer
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting out for the open road, you’ll want to get
to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel of
handling and braking with the added weight of the
trailer. And always keep in mind that the vehicle you are
driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that hand
to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move your
hand to the right. Always back up slowly and, if
possible, have someone guide you.
Making Turns
NOTICE:
Making very sharp turns while trailering could
cause the trailer to come in contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider
turns than normal. Do this so your trailer won’t
strike soft shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees or other
objects. Avoid jerky or sudden maneuvers. Signal
well in advance.
4-3s
Turn Signals When Towinga Trailer
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle may need a
different turn signal flasher and/or extra wiring.
Check with your Cadillac dealer.
The arrows on your instrument panel will flash
whenever you signal a turn or lane change. Properly
hooked up, the trailer lamps will also flash,telling other
drivers you’re about to turn, change lanes or stop.
When towing a trailer, the arrows on your instrument
panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on the trailer
are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers behind
you are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s
important to check occasionally to besure the trailer
bulbs are still working.
Driving O n Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start
down a long or steep downgrade. If you don’t shift
down, you might have to use your brakes so much that
they would get hot and no longer work well.
On a long uphill grade,shift down to a lower gear and
reduce your speed to around45 mph (70 km/h) to reduce
the possibility of engine and transmission overheating.
If your trailer weighs more than 2,000 lbs. (900 kg), you
should drive in DRIVE (D or 3) instead of
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (@).This allows the
torque convertor clutch to engage and the transmission
to run cooler.
Parking on Hills
You really should not park your vehicle, with a trailer
attached, on a hill. If something goes wrong, your rig
could start to move. People can be injured, and both
your vehicle and the trailer can be damaged.
But if you ever haveto park your rig on a hill, here’s
how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into
PARK (P) yet.
2. Have someone place chocks under the downhill side
of the trailer wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the
regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then shift into
PARK (P) and apply the parking brake.
5. Release the regular brakes.
’
’ m e nYou Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you:
Start your engine;
Shift into a gear; and
Be sure the parking brake has released.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks.
Engine Cooling When Trailering
Your cooling system may temporarily overheat during
severe operating conditions such as:
Climbing grades steeper than four percent at
temperatures above 90°F (32°C) with a loaded
vehicle and trailer.
Stopping after high-speed driving.
Idling for long periods in stop-and-go traffic.
4-40
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re
pulling a trailer. See theMaintenance Schedule for more
on this. Things that are especially important in trailer
operation are automatic transmission fluid (don’t
overfill), engine oil, axle lubricant, belt, cooling system
and brake adjustment. Each of these is covered in this
manual, and the Index will help you find them quickly.
If you’re trailering, it’s a good idea to review these
sections before you start your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts
are tight.
E-
-=x\
Section 5 Problems on the Road
Here you’ll find what to doabout some problems that
can occur on the road.
Hazard Warning Flashers
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They
also let police know you have a problem. Your front and
rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off.
Press the button into make
your frontand rear turn
signal lamps flash on andoff.
The hazard warning flashers work no matter what
position your key is in, and even if the key isn’t in.
5-1
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
NOTICE:
If the other system isn’t a 12-volt system with a
negative ground, both vehicles can be damaged.
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles aren’t touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able to
start your Cadillac, and the bad.grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
You could be injured if the vehicles roll. Set the
parking brake firmly on each vehicle. Shift into
PARK (P).
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette
lighter. Turn off all lamps that aren’t needed as well
as radios. This will avoid sparks and help saveboth
batteries. In addition, it could save your radio!
NOTICE:
If you leave your radio on, it could be badly
damaged. The repairs wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
4. Open the hoods and locate the batteries.
Find the positive (+) and negative (-) terminals on
each battery.
5-3
Now connect the black
negative (-) cable to
the good battery’s
negative (-) terminal.
7 . Don’t let the other
end touch metal.
Connect it to the
positive (+) terminal
of the good battery.
Don’t let the other end touch anything until the next
step. Theother end of the negative cable doesn’t go to
the dead battery. It goes to a heavy unpainted metal part
on the engineof the vehicle with the dead battery.
5-5
12. Remove the cables in reverse order to prevent
electrical shorting. Take care that they don’t touch
each other or any other metal.
9. Attach the cable at least 18 inches (45 cm) away
from the dead battery, but not near engine parts that
move. The electrical connection is justas good
there, but the chance of sparks getting back to the
battery is much less.
10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run
the engine for a while.
11. Try to start the vehicle with the dead battery.
If it won’t start after a few tries, it probably
needs service.
5-6
A. Heavy Metal Engine Part
B. Good Battery
C. Dead Battery
Towing Your Vehicle
Try to have a Cadillac dealer or a professional towing
service tow your Fleetwood. They can provide the right
equipment and know how to tow your vehicle without
damage. See “Roadside Assistance” in the Index.
If your vehicle has been changed or modified since it
was factory new by adding aftermarket items like fog
lamps, aero skirting, or special tires and wheels, these
instructions and illustrations may not be correct.
Before you do anything, turn on the hazard
warning flashers.
When you call, tell the towing service:
That your vehicle can be towed from the front orrear
with wheel lift equipment.
That your vehicle has rear-wheel drive.
The make, model and year of your vehicle.
Whether you can still move the shift lever.
If there was an accident, what was damaged.
When the towing service arrives, let the tow operator know
that this manual contains detailed towing instructions and
illustrations. The operator may want to see them.
To help avoidinjury to you or others:
Never let passengersride ina vehiclethat is
being towed.
Never tow faster thansafe or posted speeds.
Never tow with damaged parts not
fuIly secured.
Never get under your vehicle after ithas
been lifted bythe tow truck.
Always secure the vehicle on each side with
separate safety chains when towing it.
Never use J-hooks. Use T-hooks instead.
-
5-7
A CAUTION:
A vehicle can fallfrom a car carrier
if it isn’t
adequately secured. This can cause a collision,
serious personal injury andvehicle damage. The
or
vehicle should be tightly secured with chains
steel cables beforeit is transported.
Don’t use substitutes (ropes, leather straps,
canvas webbing, etc.)that can becut by sharp
edges underneath the towed vehicle. Always use
T-hooks inserted in the T-hook slots. Never use
J-hooks. They will damagedrivetrain and
suspension components.
When your vehicle is being towed, have the ignition key
OFF. The steering wheel should be clamped in a
straight-ahead position, with a clamping device
designed for towing service. Do not use the vehicle’s
steering column lock for,this. Thetransmission should
be in NEUTRAL (N) and the parking brake released.
Front Towing
Tow Limits -- 35 mph (56 k m h ) , 50 miles (80 krn)
Attach T-hook chains on both sides in the slotted holes
in the sideof the framerails behind the front wheels.
These slots are to be used when using sling type
equipment or when loading and securing to car
carrier equipment.
Position thecross bar just behind the rear edge of the
front bumper.
Rear Towing
I
Attach a separate safetychain around the outboard end
of each lower control arm.
Attach T-hook chains to the slotsin the frame rails just
ahead of the rear wheels on both sides.
These slots are to be used when using slingtype
equipment or when loading and securing to car carrier
equipment.
Attach a separate safety chain around each side of the
axle inboard of the springs.
Position the lower sling crossbar directly under the
rear fascia.
5-11
NOTICE:
If yonr engine catchesfire because you keep
driving with no cwlant, yuur vehicle canbe
badly damaged. The costly repairs
would not be
covered by your warranty.
If you no longer have theoverheat warning, you can
drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about 10 minutes.
If the warning doesn’t come back on, you can
drive normally.
If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
If you get the overheat warning but see or hear no
steam, the problem may not be too serious. Sometimes
the engine can geta little too hot when you:
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park your
vehicle right away.
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high-speed driving.
If there’s still no sign of steam, you can idle the engine
for two or three minutes while you’re parked, to see if
the warning stops. But then, if you still have the
warning, turn o f t h e engine and get everyoneout of the
vehicle until it cools down.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Towa trailer.
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this for a minute or so:
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
1. Turn off your air conditioner.
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan
speed and open the window as necessary.
3. If you’re in a traffic jam, shift to NEUTRAL (N);
otherwise, shift to the highest gear while
driving -- AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (a)
or
DRIVE (D or 3).
I
5-13
When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
An electric fan under the hood can start
up even
when the engine is not running and can injure
you. Keep hands, clothing and tools away from
any underhood electric fan.
If the coolant inside the coolant surge tank is boiling,
don’t do anything else until it cools down.
1. Coolant Surge Tank
2. Electric Engine Fans or Mechanical Fan
and Electric Fan
I/“.
$21
CArnQ!y:
>,”/’ p
!~
:;,
_,J’
=
Heater and radiatorhoses, and other engine
If you
parts, can be very hot. Don’t touch them.
do, you can beburned.
Don’t run the engine if there is a leak. If you run
the engine, it could lose all coolant.That could
cause an engine fire, and you could beburned.
Get any leak fixed before youdrive the vehicle.
The coolant level should be ator above the FULL
COLD mark. If it isn’t, you may have a leak inthe
radiator hoses, heater hoses, radiator, water pump or
somewhere else in the cooling system.
I NOTICE:
I
Engine damage from running your engine
without coolant isn’t covered
by your warranty.
If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on, check to
see if the electric engine fan(s) are running. If the engine
is overheating, both fan(s) should be running. If they
aren’t, your vehicle needs service.
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant Surge
Tank
If you haven’t found a problem yet, but the coolant level
isn’t at the FULL COLD mark, add a 50/50 mixture of
clean water (preferably distilled) and DEX-COOL
antifreeze at the coolant surge tank, but be sure the
cooling system, including the coolant surge tank
pressure cap, is cool before you do it. (See “Engine
Coolant” in the Index for more information.)
TM
Steam and scaldingliquids from a hot cooling
system can blow out and burn you badly. Theyare
under pressure, andif you turn the coolant surge
tank pressure cap even a little they can come
out at high speed. Never turn the capwhen the
cooling system, includingthe coolant surgetank
pressure cap,is hot. Waitfor the cooling system
and coolant surgetank pressure cap tocool if you
ever have toturn the pressure cap.
--
5-16
--
A
I
k!!!L CAUTION:
NOTICE:
Adding onlyplain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid like alcohol,can boil beforethe proper
coolant mix will. Your vehicle’s coolant
warning
system is set for the propercoolant mix. With
plain water or the wrong mix,your engine could
get toohot but you wouldn’t getthe overheat
warning. Your engine couldcatch fire andyou or
others could beburned. Use a 50/50 mix of clean
water and DEX-COOLantifreeze.
In cold weather,water can freeze and crack the
engine, radiator, heater core and otherparts. So
use the recommended coolant.
A CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant onhot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts arehot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
1. You can remove the
coolant surge tank
pressure cap when
the cooling system,
including the coolant
surge tank pressure cap
and upperradiator
hose, is no longer hot.
Turn the pressure cap slowly about one-quarter tiu r n t'0
the left and then stop.
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss means
there is still some pressure left.
2. Then keep turning the
pressure cap slowly,
and remove it.
3. Then fill the coolant
surge tank with the
proper mix, up to the
FULL COLD mark.
5-18
n
I
By this time, the coolant level inside the coolant surge
tank may be lower. If the level islower, add more of the
proper mix to the coolant surge tank until the level
reaches the FULL COLD mark.
5. Then replace the
pressure cap. Be
sure the pressure
cap istight.
4. With the coolant surge tank pressure cap off, start
the engine and let it run until you can feelthe upper
radiator hose getting hot. Watch out for the
engine fans.
5-19
If a Tire Goes Flat
Changing a FlatTire
It’s unusual for a tire to “blow out” while you’re driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes
out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly.
But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here are a few
tips about what to expect and what to do:
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on your hazard
warning flashers.
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off the
accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake to
a stop well out of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like a
skid and may require the same correction you’d use in a
skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from the
accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may be
very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently
brake to a stop -- well off the road if possible.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use your
jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.
5-20
I
Changing a tire can causean injury. The vehicle
can slipoff the jack androll overyou or other
people. You and they could be badlyinjured.
Find a level placeto change your tire. To help
prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Put theshift lever inPARK (P).
2. Set the parking brake firmly.
3. Turn off the engine.
To be even morecertain the vehicle won’t move,
you can put blocks at the front and rear
of the
tire farthestaway from the one being changed.
That would bethe tire on the other side of the
vehicle, at the opposite end.
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
The following steps will tell you how to use the jack and
change a tire.
The equipment you’ll need is in the trunk.
Your vehicle may be equipped with the optional €1.111size
spare tire.
Remove the spare tire cover. Then remove thespare
and jack.
E the flat tire is at the rear wheel, you have to remove
the fender skirt first.
5-21
I
The tools you'll be using includethe jack (A) and jack
handle (B).
5-22
I
To unlock the fender skirt, locate the handles inside the
fender skirt. Push the handles up and inward, and then
pull them down. Gently remove the skirt by pulling it
toward you. Place it to one side.
the Flat r
Use the flat end of the wheel wrench.Insert it into the
small slot on thewheel and gentlyremove the center
cover. Be careful not to drop the cover on the ground or
you could scratch it.
1. Using the wheel wrench, loosen all the wheel nuts.
Don't remove them yet.
2. Attach the wheel wrench
to the jackbolt and
rotate it clockwise.
The lifthead will be
slightly raised.
3. Position the jack under the vehicle, near the flat tire.
There are two holes in the framenear each of the
wheels. Raise the jackso the lifthead fits into the
large circular hole.
5-24
Getting under a vehicle whenit is jacked upis
dangerous. If the vehicle slipsoff the jack, you
could bebadly injured or killed. Never getunder
a vehicle whenit is supported only bya jack.
NOTICE:
Raising your vehicle withthe jack improperly
positioned will damage the vehicle or may allow
the vehicle to fall off the jack. Be sure to€it the
jack lift head into the properlocation before
raising your vehicle.
4. Raise the vehicle by-rotating the wheel wrench
clockwise. Raise the vehicle far enough off the
ground for the spare tire to fit under the vehicle.
5. Remove the wheel nuts and take off the flat tire.
5-25
6. Remove any rust or dirt
from the wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces and
spare wheel.
Rust or dirton the wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make the wheel nuts
become looseafter a time. The wheel could come
off and cause an accident. Whenyou change a
wheel, removeany rust or dirtfrom the places
where the wheel attaches to the vehicle. In an
emergency, you can use a cloth
or a paper towel
to do this;but be sure to use ascraper orwire
brush later, if you need to, to get all
the rust or
dirt off.
L
A CAUTION:
Never use oilor grease onstuds or nuts. If you
do, the nuts might come loose. Your wheel could
fall off, causing a serious accident.
7 . Replace the wheel nuts with the rounded end of the
nuts toward the wheel. Tighten each nut by hand
until the wheel is held against the hub.
5-26
1
li
3. Lower the vehicle by rotating the wheel wrench
counterclockwise. Lower the vehicle completely.
9. Tighten the wheel
nuts firmly in a
criss-cross
sequence as shown.
A CAUTION:
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened
wheel nuts can cause the wheel to become loose
and even comeoff. This could lead toan accident.
Be sure to use the correct wheel nuts.If you have
to replace them, be
sure to get newGM original
equipment wheel nuts.
Stop somewhere as soon as you can and have
the nuts tightened witha torque wrench to
100 lb-ft (140 Nom).
1 NOTICE:
Improperly tightened wheel nuts can lead to
brake pulsation and rotordamage. To avoid
expensive brake repairs, evenly tightenthe wheel
nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper
torque specification.
I
Reinstalling the Fender Skirt
Here’s how to put yourrear fender skirt back on:
2. Align the lower locator pins on each side to the skrrt.
1. Pull the handles down.
5-29
1
Compact Spare Tire (If So Equipped)
Although the compact spare tire was fully inflated when
your vehcle was new, it can lose air after a time. Check
the inflation pressure regularly. It should be 60 psi
(420 Wa).
3. Align the upper locator pins and insert the pins into
the holes.
4. Push the handles up to lock the skirt in place.
5-30
After installing the compact spare on your vehicle, you
should stop as soon as possible and make sure your
spare tire is correctly inflated. The compact spare is
made to perform well at posted speed limits for
distances up to 3,000 miles (5 000 km), so you can
finish your trip and have your full-size tire repaired or
replaced where you want. Of course, it’s best to replace
your spare with a full-size tire as soon as you can. Your
spare will last longer and be in good shape in case you
need it again.
Your anti-lock brake system warning light may come on
when you are driving with a compact spare. See
“Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light” in the Index.
NOTICE:
When the compact spare is installed, don’ttake
your vehicle through an automatic car wash with
guide rails.The compact spare canget caught on
the rails. That candamage the tire andwheel,
and maybe other partsof your vehicle.
Don’t use your compact spare on other vehicles.
And don’t mix your compact spare tire or wheel with
other wheels or tires. They won’t fit. Keep your spare
tire and its wheel together.
I NOTICE:
Tire chains won’t fit your compact spare. Using
them can damage your vehicle and can damage
the chains too. Don’t usetire chains onyour
compact spare.
5-31
If You’re Stuck:In Sand,Mud,
Ice or Snow
What you don’t want todo when your vehicle is stuck is
to spin yourwheels too fast. The method known as
“rockmg” can help you get out when you’re stuck, but
you must use caution.
5-32
Service and AppearanceCare
Here you will find information about the care of your
Cadillac. This section begins with service and fuel
information, and then it shows how to check important
fluid and lubricant levels. There isalso technical
information about your vehicle, and a part devoted to
its appearance care.
We hope you’ll want to keep your GM vehicle all GM.
Genuine GM parts have oneof these marks:
Service
Your Cadillac dealer knows your vehicle best and wants
you to be happy with it. We hope you’ll go to your
dealer for all your service needs. You’ll get genuine GM
parts and GM-trained and supported service people.
Doing Your Own Service Work
If you want to do some of your own service work, you’ll
want to get the proper Cadillac Service Manual. It tells
you much more about how to service your Cadillac than
this manual can. To order the proper service manual, see
“Service and Owner Publications” in the Index.
6-1
Your vehicle has anair bag system. Before attempting to
do your own service work, see “Servicing Your Air
Bag-Equipped Cadillac” in the Index.
You should keep a record withall parts receipts andlist
the mileage and the date of any service work you
perform. See “Maintenance Record” in the Index.
You can beinjured andyour vehicle could be
damaged if you try to do service work ona
vehicle without knowing enough
about it.
0 Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, and the properreplacement
parts andtools before youattempt any
vehicle maintenance task.
0 Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and
other fasteners. “English”and “metric”
fasteners can be easily confused.If you use
the wrong fasteners, parts can later break
or fall off. You could behurt.
6-2
Fuel
Use regular unleaded gasolinerated at 87 octane or
higher. At a minimum, it should meet specifications
ASTM D4814 in the United States and CGSB 3.5-M93
in Canada. Improved gasoline specificationshave been
developed by the American Automobile Manufacturers
Association (AAMA) €or better vehicle performance
and engine protection. Gasolines meeting theAAMA
specification could provide improved driveability and
emission control system protection compared to
other gasolines.
Be sure the posted octane is atleast 87. If the octane is
less than 87, you may get a heavy knocking noise when
you drive. If it’s badenough, it candamage your engine.
If you’re using fuel rated at 87 octane or higher and you
still hear heavy knocking, your engine needs service.
But don’t worry if you hear a little pingingnoise when
you’re accelerating or drivingup a hill. That’s normal,
and you don’t have to buy higher
a
octane fuel to get rid
of pinging. It’s the heavy,constant knock thatmeans
you have a problem.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
Filling Your Tank
If you planon dnviqgin another country outside the
United States or Canada, the proper fuel may be hard to
find. Never use leaded gasoline or any other fuel not
recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costly repairs
caused by use of improper fuel wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
To check on fuelavailability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business in the
country where you’ll be driving.
You can also write us at the following address for
advice. Just tell us where you’re going and give your
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
General Motors Overseas Distribution Corporation
North American Export Sales (NAES)
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Gasoline vapor is highly flammable. It burns
violently, and that can cause very bad injuries.
Don’t smoke if you’re near gasoline or refueling
your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames, and smoking
materials away from gasoline.
Your vehicle has a locking fuel filler door.
The cap is behind the license plate. Pull down on the top
of the license plate bracket door to open.
6-4
A CAUTION:
If you get gasoline on yourself
and then
burned.
something ignitesit, you could be badly
Gasoline can spray out on youif you openthe
fuel fillercap too quickly.This spray can happen
if your tank is nearly full, and is more likely in
hot weather. Openthe fuel fillercap slowly and
wait for any “hiss” noiseto stop. Then unscrew
the cap all the way.
The filler door is locked and unlocked every time you
use the power door locks. If pressing the power lock
control doesn’t unlock or lock the fuel filler door, you
can use the manual lock release lever in the trunk, if
your vehicle is so equipped. Move the lever to the left to
unlock the fuel filler door.
To take off the cap, turn it slowly to the left
(counterclockwise).
Be careful not to spill gasoline. Clean gasoline from
painted surfaces as soon as possible. See “Cleaning the
Outside of Your Cadillac” in the Index.
When you put the cap back on, turn it to the right until
you hear at least three clicks. Make sure you fully install
the cap. The diagnostic system can determine if the fuel
cap has been left off or improperly installed. Thiswould
allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere. See
“Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in the Index.
NOTICE:
Checking Things Under the Hood
A CkmON’:
An electric fan under thehood can start up and
injure you even whenthe engine is not running.
Keep hands, clothing and tools awayfrom any
underhood electric fan.
If you need a newcap, besure to getthe right
type. Yourdealer can get onefor you. If you get
the wrong type,it may not fit or have proper
venting, and your fuel tank andemissions system
might be damaged.
Things that burncan get onhot engine parts and
start a fire. These includeliquids like gasoline,
oil, coolant,brake fluid, windshield washerand
other fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or others
could beburned. Be careful not todrop or spill
things that will burn onto a hot engine.
6-6
Hood Relea!
To open the hood, first
pull the handleinside
the vehicle. It is on the
lower left side of the
instrument panel.
Then go to the front of the vehicleand locate the
secondary hood release. It is under the front edge of the
grill. Lift up on the secondary hood release as you raise
the hood.
6-7
When you lift the hood, you will see these items:
A.
B.
C.
D.
Battery
E. Air Cleaner
Coolant Surge Tank
E Engine Oil Fill Cap
Engine Oil Dipstick
G. Brake Fluid Reservoir
Automatic Transmission Dipstick
H. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir
I. Windshield Washer Reservoir
J. Engine Fans
Before closing the hood, be sure all the filler caps are on properly. Then pull the hood down and close it firmly.
P
What Kind of Oil to Use
Oils recommended for your vehicle can be identified by
loolung for the “Starburst” symbol. This symbol
indicates that the oil has been certified by the American
Petroleum Institute (API). Do not use any oil which
does not carry this Starburst symbol.
i
If you have your oil changed for you, be sure the oil put
into your engine is American Petroleum Institute
certified for gasoline engines.
You should also use the proper viscosity oil for your
vehicle, as shown in the following chart:
If you change your
own oil, be sure you
use oil that has the
Starburst symbol
on the front of the
oil container.
6-11
RECOMMENDED SAE VISCOSITY GRADE ENGINE OILS
FOR BEST FUEL ECONOMY AND COLD STARTING, SELECT THE LOWEST
SAE VISCOSITY GRADE OIL FOR THE EXPECTED TEMPERATURE RANGE.
HOT
WEATHER
~~
-
t38
+eo- - t27
+80-
- c16
+40-
-+4
+20---7
I
SAL 1OW-30
0---18
(
I
SA€ 5W-30
PREFERRED
\
Use only engine oil with the American Petroleum
Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines
“Starburst” symbol. Failure to use the
recommended oil can result in engine damagr ot
covered by your warranty.
I
GM Goodwrench@oil meets all the requirements for
your vehicle.
Engine Oil Additives
Don’t add anything to your oil. Your Cadillac dealer is
ready to advise if you think something should be added.
/
COLD
WEATHER
DO NOT USE SAE 2OW-50 OR ANY OTHER
GRADE OIL NOT RECOMMENDED
6-12
NOTICE:
SYMBOL
*
’)
+loo-
As shown in the chart, SAE 5W--3ij is best for your
vehicle. However, you canuse SAE 1OW-30 if it’s going
to be 0°F (- 18 O C) or above. These numbers on an oil
container show its viscosity, or thickness. Do not use
other viscosity oils, such as S A E 2OW-50.
When to Change Engine Oil
What to Do witL Used Oil
Your Cadillac has an Oil Life Indicator. This featurewill
let you know when to change your oil and
filter -- usually between 3,000 miles (5 000 km) and
7,500 miles (12 500 km) since your last oil change.
Under severe conditions, the indicator may come on
before 3,000 miles (5 000 km). Never drive your vehicle
more than 7,500 miles (12 500 km) or 12 months
(whichever occurs first) without an oil change.
Did you know that used engine oil contains certain
elements that may be unhealthy for your skin and could
even cause cancer? Don’t let used oil stay on your skin
for very long. Clean your skin and nails with soap and
water, or a good hand cleaner. Washor properly throw
away clothing or rags containing used engine oil. (See
the manufacturer’s warnings about the use and disposal
of oil products.)
The system won’t detect dust in theoil. So, if you drive
in a dusty area, be sureto change your oil every
3,000 miles (5 000 krn) or sooner if the CHANGE
ENGINE OIL light comes on. Remember to reset the
Oil Life Indicator when the oil hasbeen changed. For
more information, see “Oil Life Indicator” in the Index.
Used oil canbe a real threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all free-flowing oil
from the filter before disposal. Don’t ever dispose of oil
by putting it inthe trash, pouring it on the ground, into
sewers, or into streams or bodies of water. Instead,
recycle it by taking it to a place that collects used oil, If
you have a problem properly disposing of your used oil,
ask your dealer, a service station or a local recycling
center for help.
How to Reset theOil Life Indicator
After the oil has been changed, you’ll need to reset your
system. To do that, turn the ignition key to the on
position with the engine stopped. Fully push and release
the accelerator pedal three times within five seconds.
The light should flash two times, then go out if it is
reset. If the CHANGE OIL light comes on and stays on
for fiveseconds, it did not reset. You:’Uneed to reset the
system again.
:I
Air Cleaner
To check or replace the filter, loosenthe wing nuts.and
lift up the cove^,
6-14
A!/
CAUTION:
Operating the engine withthe air cleaner off can
cause youor others to be burned. The air cleaner
not only cleansthe air, it stops flame if the engine
backfires. If it isn’t there, and the engine
backfires, you could beburned. Don’t drive with
it off, and be careful working onthe engine with
the air cleaner off.
*
Remove the air filter. Be sureto inspect both sides of the
filter and replace itas necessary.
Refer to the Maintenance Scheduleto determine when to
replace theair filter.
in the Index.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services”
NOTICE:
If the air cleaner is off, a backfire can causea
damaging engine fire. And,dirt can easily get
into your engine, which willdamage it. Always
have the air cleaner in place when you’re driving.
6-15
~~
Automatic Transmission -Fluid
When to Check and Change
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the
instructions here, or you could get a false reading on
the dipstick.
A good time to check your automatic transmission fluid
level is when the engine oil ischanged.
NOTICE:
Change both the fluid and filter every 50,000 miles
(83 000 km)if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
0
Too much or too little fluid can damage your
transmission. Too much can mean that some of
the fluid could come out and fall
on hot engine
parts or exhaust system parts, starting a fire. Be
sure to get an accurate reading if you check your
transmission fluid.
In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90°F (32"C) or higher.
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
0 When doing frequent trailer towing.
0 Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any ofthese
conditions, the fluid and filter do notrequire changing.
See "Scheduled Maintenance Services" in the Index.
0
How to Check
Because this operation can be a little difficult, you may
choose to have this done at your Cadillac dealership
Service Department.
6-16
~
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the
transmission fluid level if you have been driving:
0
When outside temperatures are above 90°F (32"C).
0
At high speed for quite a while.
0
In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather.
While pulling a trailer.
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at normal
operating temperature, which is 180OF to 200 O F
(82°C to 93°C).
Then, without shutting off the engine, follow
these steps:
1. Flip the handle up and then pull out the dipstick and
wipe it with a clean rag or paper towel.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and
then pull it back out again.
6-18
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the lower
level. The fluid level must be in the COLD area for a
cold check or in the HOT area or cross-hatched area
for a hot check.
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push the
dipstick back in all the way; then flip the handle
down to lock the dipstick in place.
How to Add Fluid
Rear Axle
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of transmission fluid to use. See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
When to Check and Change Lubricant
Add fluid only after checking the transmission fluid
HOT. (A COLD check is used only as a reference.) If
the fluid level is low, add only enough of the proper
fluid to bring the level up to the HOT area for a hot
check. It doesn’t take much fluid, generally less than a
pint (OSL).Don ’t overfiill. We recommend you use only
fluid labeled DEXRON@-III,because fluid with that
label is madeespecially for your automatic transmission.
Damage caused by fluid other than DEXRON-111 is not
covered by your new vehicle warranty.
After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as
described under “How to Check.”
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how
often to check the lubricant and when to change it. See
“Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.
How to Check Lubricant
If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug hole,
you’ll need to add some lubricant. Add enough lubricant
to raise the level to the bottom of the filler plug hole.
What to Use
Use Axle Lubricant (GM Part No. 1052271) or
SAE 8OW-90 GL-5 gear lubricant.
When the correct fluid level is obtained, push the
dipstick back in allthe way; then flip the handle
down to lock the dipstick in place.
6-19
Engine Coolant
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with new
DEX-COOL TM (orange-colored, silicate-free) engine
coolant. This coolant is designed to remain in your
vehicle for 5 years or 100,000 miles (166 000 km),
whichever occurs first.
The followingexplains your cooling system and how to
add coolant when it is low. If you have aproblem with
engine overheating, see “Engine Overheating” in
the Index.
A 50/50 mixture of water and the proper coolant for
your Cadillac will:
0
Give freezing protection down to -34°F (-37°C).
0
Give boiling protection up to265 ” F ( 129O C).
0
Protect against rust and corrosion.
0
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
0
Let thewarning lights and gages work as
they should.
6-20
What toUse
NOTICE:
Use a mixtureof one-half clean water (preferably
distilled) and one-half DEX-COOL TM (orange-colored,
silicate-free) antifreeze that meets GM
Specification 6277M, which won’t damage aluminum
parts. Use GM Engine Coolant Supplement (sealer)
(GM Part No. 3634621) with any complete coolant
change. If you use this mixture, you don’t need to add
anything else.
-
I
If you usean improper coolant mix,your engine
could overheat and be badly damaged.The
repair cost wouldn’tbe covered by your
warranty. Too much water in themix can freeze
and crack the engine, radiator, heater core and
other parts.
1
Adding only plainwater to your cooling system
can be dangerous.Plain water, or some other
liquid like alcohol,can boil beforethe proper
coolant mix will. Your vehicle’s coolant
warning
system is set for the proper coolant mix. With
plain water or the wrong mix, your engine could
get toohot but you wouldn’t getthe overheat
warning. Your engine couldcatch fire andyou or
others could beburned. Use a 50/50 mix of clean
water and DEX-COOL (orange-colored,
silicate-free) antifreeze.
TM
If you have to add coolant more than four times a year,
have your dealer checkyour cooling system.
NOTICE:
If you use the proper coolant, you don’t haveto
add extrainhibitors or additives which claim to
improve the system. These canbe harmful.
,
:
-
’
1
Checking Coolant
If this light comes on,
it means you’re low on
engine coolant.
See “Low Coolant
Light” in the Index.
LOW
COOLANT
J
Turning the surge t
engine and radiator are hot can allow steam and
scalding liquids to blow out and burn you badly.
Never turn the surge tank pressure capeven a
little when the engine and radiator are hot.
--
6-22
--
Adding Coolant
If you need more coolant, add the proper mix at the
surge tank, but only when the engine is cool.
Surge Tank Pressure Cap
NOTICE:
I
You can be burned if you spill coolant onhot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn if the engine parts arehot
enough. Don’t spill coolanton a hot engine.
When replacing the pressure cap, make sure it istight.
The surge tankpressure cap is a 15 psi (105 kPa)
pressure-type cap andmust be tightlyinstalled to
prevent coolant lossand possible enginedamage
from overheating.
When you replace the surge tank pressure cap, a GM cap
is recommended.
Thermostat
Engine coolant temperature is controlled by a thermostat
in the engine coolant system. The thermostat stops the
flow of coolant through the radiator until the coolant
reaches a preset temperature.
When you replace your thermostat, an AC@thermostat
is recommended.
6-23
Power Steering Fluid
How To Check Power Steering Fluid
When the engine compartment is cool, unscrew the cap
and wipe the dipstick with a clean rag. Replace the cap
and completely tighten it. Then remove the cap again
and look at the fluid level on the dipstick.
The level should be at theC mark. Add enough fluid to
bring the level up to the mark.
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of fluid to use. See “Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants” in the Index. Always use the proper fluid.
Failure to use the proper fluid can cause leaks and
damage hoses and seals.
When to Check Power SteeringFluid
It is not necessary to regularly check power steering
fluid unless you suspect there is a leak in the system or
you hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss in this system
could indicate a problem. Have the system inspected
and repaired.
6-24
I
f
Windshield Washer Fluid
Open the cap labeled WASHER FLUID OmY. Add
washer fluid until the tank is full.
What toUse
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to read
the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you will be
operating your vehicle in an area where the temperature
may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has sufficient
protection against freezing.
Adding Washer Fluid
NOTICE:
When usingconcentrated washer fluid,
follow the manufacturer’s instructions for
adding water.
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can causethe solution to freeze
and damage your washer fluidtank and
other parts of the washer system. Also,
water doesn’t cleanas well as washer fluid.
Fill your washer fluid tank only
three-quarters full when it’s very cold.This
allows for expansion, which coulddamage
the tankif it is completely full.
Don’t useradiator antifreeze in your
windshield washer.It can damage your
washer systemand paint.
Brakes
Brake Fluid
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in the
reservoir might go down. The firstis that the brake fluid
goes down to an acceptable level during normal brake
lining wear. When new liningsare put in, the fluid level
goes back up.The other reason is that fluid is leaking out
of the brake system.If it is, you should have your brake
system fixed, since a leak means that sooner or later your
brakes won’t work well, or won’t work atall.
So, it isn’t a good idea to “top off” your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid won’t correct a leak. If you add fluid
when your linings are worn, then you’ll have too much
fluid when you get new brake linings. You should add
(or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when work is
done on the brake hydraulic system.
Your brake master cylinder reservoir is here. It isfilled
with DOT-3 brake fluid.
6-26
I
A CAUTION:
Checking Brake Fluid
I
If you have too much brake fluid, it can
spill on the
engine. The fluidwiIl burn if the engineis hot
enough. You or others could be burned, and your
vehicle could be damaged. Add brake fluid only
when work is done on the brake hydraulic system.
Refer tothe Maintenance Schedule to determine when to
check your brake fluid. See “Periodic Maintenance
Inspections” in the Index.
You can check the brake fluid without taking off thecap.
Just look at the windows on the brake fluid reservoir.
The fluid levels should be above MIN. If they aren’t,
have your brake system checked to see if there is a leak.
After work is done on the brake hydraulic system, make
sure the levels are above MIN and below the top of
each window..
6-27
I
NOTICE
1
I
Brake Wear
Your Cadillac hasfiont disc brakes and rear drum brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make a
high-pitched warning sound whenthe brake pads are worn
and new padsare needed. The sound may come and go or
be heard all the time your vehicle is moving (except when
you are pushing on the brake pedal firrnly).
I
A CAUTION:
The brake wear warning sound means that
sooner or later your brakes won’t work well.
That could lead to an accident. When you hear
the brake wear warning sound, have your
vehicle serviced.
I NOTICE:
Continuing to drive with worn-out brake pads
could result in costly brake repair.
Some driving conditions or climates may cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are first applied or lightly
applied. This does not mean something is wrong with
your brakes.
Free movement of brake calipers and properly torqued
wheel nuts are necessary to help prevent brake
pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect brake calipers
for movement, brake pads for wear, and evenly torque
wheel nuts in the proper sequence to GM specifications.
Your rear drum brakes don’t have wear indicators, but if
you ever hear a rear brake rubbing noise, have the rear
brake linings inspected. Also, the rear brake drums
should be removed and inspected each time the tires
are removed for rotation or changing. When you have
the front brakes replaced, have the rear brakes
inspected, too.
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
6-29
~~
Brake Pedal Travel
Replacing Brake System Parts
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in pedal
travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
The braking system on a modern vehicle is complex. Its
many parts have to be of top quality and work well
together if the vehicle is to have really good braking.
Vehicles we design and test have top-quality GM brake
parts in them, as your Cadillac does when it isnew.
When you replace parts of your bralung system -- for
example, when your brake linings wear down and you
have to have new ones put in -- be sure you get new
genuine GM replacement parts. If you don’t, your
brakes may no longer work properly. For example, if
someone puts in brake linings that are wrong for your
vehicle, the balance between your front and rear brakes
can change -- for the worse. The braking performance
you’ve come to expect can change in many other ways if
someone puts in the wrong replacement brake parts.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you make a moderate brake stop, your disc
brakes adjust for wear. If yourarely make a moderate or
heavier stop, then your brakes might not adjust correctly.
If you drive in that way, then -- very carefully -- make
a few moderate brake stops about every 1,000 miles
(1 600 km), so your brakes will adjust properly.
If your brake pedal goes down farther than normal, your
rear drum brakes may need adjustment. Adjust them by
backing up and firmly applying the brakes a few times.
6-30
Battery
Every new Cadillac has a Delco Freedom@
battery. You
never haveto add water to one of these. When it’s time
for a new battery, we recommend a DelcoFreedom
battery. Get one that has the replacement number shown
on the original battery’s label.
Vehicle Storage
If you’re not going to drive your vehicle for 25 days or
more, take off the black, negative (-) cable from the
battery. This will help keep your battery from
running down.
Batteries have acid that can burn you ana gas
that can explode. You can be badlyhurt if you
aren’t careful. See “Jump Starting” in theIndex
for tips on workingaround a battery without
getting hurt.
Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your vehicle
for longer storageperiods.
Also, foryour audio system, see “Theft-Deterrent
Feature’’ in the Index.
Bulb Replacement
For the propertype of replacement bulbs, see
“Replacement Bulbs” in the Index.
Halogen Bulbs
A CAUTION:
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas insideand
can burst if you drop orscratch the bulb. You or
others could beinjured. Take specialcare when
handling and disposing of halogen bulbs.
Headlamp
2. Gently remove the headlamp housing socket
and bulb.
1. Rotate the headlamp housing socket counterclockwise
to unlockthe socket from thelamp housing.
6-32
Taillam
2. Pull the upper portion
from the extension
housing, then lift up to
remove the bezel.
3. Remove the lower taillamp housing screw.
4. Tilt the top portion of the taillamphousing out first,
then remove it.
1. Remove the upper screw from the bezel.
I
6-36
k
I
h
2. Insert a screwdriver into the slot as shown and press
down to release the wiper blade assembly from
the arm.
A CAUTION:
3. Align the wiper arm pin with the hole on the wiper
blade assembly and snap it into place to install.
Poorly maintained and improperly used tires
are dangerous.
0 Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result of too muchfriction.
You could havean air-out and a serious
accident. See “Loading Your Vehicle”in
the Index.
0 Underinflated tires pose the same danger as
overloaded tires.The resulting accident
could causeserious injury. Check alltires
frequently to maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure should be checked
when your tires are cold.
0 Overinflated tires are more likelyto be cut,
punctured or broken by a sudden
impact such as when you hit a pothole.
Keep tires at the recommended pressure.
0 Worn, oldtires can cause accidents.If your
tread is badly worn,or if your tires have
been damaged, replace them.
Tires
We don’t make tires. Your new Cadillac comes with
high-quality tires made by a leading tire manufacturer. If
you ever have questions about your tire warranty and
where to obtain service, see your Cadillac Warranty
booklet for details.
--
6-39
Inflation -- Tire Pressure
The Tire-Loading Information label, whichis located on
the driver’s door, shows the correct inflation pressures
for your tires when they’recold. “Cold” means your
vehicle has been sitting for at least three hours or driven
no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
NOTICE:
~~~
NOTICE: (Continued)
If your tires have too muchair (overinflation),
you can get the following:
Unusualwear
0 Bad handling
0 Rough ride
0 Needless damage from road hazards.
~~
Don’t let anyone tell youthat underinflation or
overinflation is all right. It’s not. If your
tires
don’t have enoughair (underinflation), you can
get the following:
Too much flexing
0 Too much heat
0 Tire overloading
Badwear
0 Bad handling
0 Bad fuel economy.
NOTICE: (Continued)
When to Check
Check your tiresonce a month or more. Also, check the
tire pressure of the spare tire.
If you have a compact spare tire, it should be at60 psi
(420 E a ) .
HQWto Check
Use a good quality pocket-typegage to check tire
pressure. You can’t tell if your tires are properly inflated
simply by looking at them, Radial tires may look
properly inflated even when they’re underinflated.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve stems.
They help prevent leaks by keeping outdirt and moisture.
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Tires should be inspected every6,000 to 8,000 miles
(10 000 to 13 000 km)for any signs of unusual wear. If
unusual wear is present, rotate your tires as soon as
possible and check wheel alignment. Also check for
damaged tires or wheels. See“When It’s Timefor New
Tires” and “Wheel Replacement”later in this section for
more information.
J.
Q
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. The first
rotation is the most important. See“Scheduled
Maintenance Services” in the
Index for scheduled
rotation intervals.
When rotating your tires, always use one of the correct
rotation patterns shown here.
If your vehicle has a compact spare tire, don’t include
it
in your tire rotation.
6-41
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and
rear inflation pressures as shown on the Tire-Loading
Information label. Make certain that all wheel nuts are
properly tightened. See “Wheel Nut Torque” in
the Index.
A CAUTION:
Rust or dirton a wheel,or on the parts to which
it is fastened, canmake wheel nuts become loose
after a time. The wheel could come offand cause
an accident. When you change a wheel, remove
any rust or dirt from places wherethe wheel
attaches to the vehicle. In anemergency, youcan
use a cloth or a paper towel to do this; but be
sure to use ascraper or wire brush later, if you
need to,to get allthe rust or dirt off. (See
“Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index.)
When It’s Timefor New Tires
One way to tell when it’s
time for new tires is to
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires have
only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) or
less of tread remaining.
...
You need a newtire if any of the folllowing statements
are true:
0
0
0
0
0
6-42
.
You can see the indicators at three or more places
around the tire.
You can see cord or fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged deep
enough to show cord or fabric.
The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because of the size or location
of the damage.
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at
the Tire-Loading Information label.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
get ones with that same TPC Specnumber. That way
your vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed
to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating,
traction, ride and other things during normal service on
your vehicle. If your tires have anall-season tread
design, the TPC number will be followedby an “MS”
(for mud and snow).
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
TPC Specnumber, make sure they are the same size,
load range, speed rating and construction type (bias,
bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
A CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause youto lose control while
driving. If you mix tires of different sizes or types
(radial and bias-belted tires), the vehicle may not
handle properly, and you couldhave a crash.
Using tires of different sizes may also cause
damage to your vehicle. Be sure to use the same
size and type tires on all wheels.
It’s all right to drive with your compact spare
(if you have one).It was developedfor use on
your vehicle.
6-43
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance. (This
applies only to vehicles sold in the United States.) The
grades are molded on the sidewalls of most passenger
car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading system does
not apply to deep tread, winter-type snow tires,
space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with
nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm),
or to some limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors passenger
cars and light trucks may vary with respect to these
grades, they must also conform to Federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course. For
example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and a half
(1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends
upon the actual conditions of their use, however, and
may depart significantly from thenorm due to variations
in driving habits, service practices and differences in
road characteristics and climate.
Traction -- A, B, C
The traction grades, kom highest to lowest, are A, B, and
C, and they represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet
pavement as measured under controlled conditions on
specified government test surfaces
of asphalt and concrete.
A tire marked C may have poor traction performance.
Warning: The traction grade assigned to this tire is based
on braking (straightahead) traction tests and does not
include cornering (turning) traction.
Temperature
-- A, B, C
The temperaturegrades are A (the highest), B, and C ,
representing thetire’s resistance to the generationof
heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under
controlled condtions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustainedhigh temperature can cause the
material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, and
excessive temperaturecan lead to sudden tire failure.
The gradeC corresponds to a level of performance
which all passengercar tires must meet under the
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety StandardNo. 109. Grades
B and A represent higherlevels of performance on the
laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by law.
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factoryto give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
In most cases, you will not need tohave your wheels
aligned again. However, if you notice unusual tire wear
or your vehicle pulling one way or the other, the
alignment may need to be reset. If you notice your
vehicle vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your
wheels may need tobe rebalanced.
Warning: The temperature grade for
this tire is
established for atire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed,underinflation, or
excessive loading,either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildupand possible tire failure.
6-45
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, or badly rusted
or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the wheel,
-wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced. If the
wheel leaks air, replace it (except some aluminum
wheels, which can sometimes be repaired). See your
Cadillac dealer if any of these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
Each new.whee1should have the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted the
same way as the one itreplaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts, replace them only with new GM original
equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to h.avethe
right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts for your
Cadillac model.
Using the wrong replacement w
or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be dangerous.
It could affectthe braking and handling of your
vehicle, make yourtires lose air and make you
lose control.You could havea collision in which
you or others could be injured. Always usethe
correct wheel, wheel boltsand wheel nutsfor
replacement.
NOTICE:
The wrong wheel can also cause problems with
bearing life, brake cooling, speedometeror
odometer calibration, headlamp aim, bumper
height, vehicle ground clearanceand tireor tire
chain clearanceto the body and chassis.
See “Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index for more
information.
6-46
Used Replacement Wheels
Tire Chains
I NOTICE:
~
Putting a used wheel onyour vehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know howit’s been usedor
how many milesit’s been driven.It could fail
suddenly and cause an accident. If you have to
replace a wheel, use a newGM original
equipment wheel.
Use tire chains only where legaland only when
you must. Use onlySAE Class “S” type chains
that arethe proper size for your tires. Install
them on the rear tires and tighten them as tightly
as possible withthe ends securely fastened. Drive
slowly and follow the chain manufacturer’s
instructions. If you can hear the chains
contacting your vehicle, stop and retighten them.
If the contact continues, slow downuntil it stops.
Driving toofast or spinning the wheels with
chains on willdamage your vehicle.
6-47
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others can burst into flame if you strike a
match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle. Some are
dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space.
When you use anything from a container to clean your
Cadillac, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s warnings
and instructions. And always open your doors or
windows when you’re cleaning the inside.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
Gasoline
Benzene
Naphtha
Carbon Tetrachloride
Acetone
Paint Thinner
Turpentine
Lacquer Thinner
a Nail Polish Remover
They can all be hazardous -- some more than
others -- and they can all damage your vehicle, too.
Don’t use any of these unless this manual says you can.
In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
Alcohol
Laundry Soap
Bleach
Reducing Agents
Cleaning the Inside of Your Cadillac
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and loose
dirt. Wipe vinyl or leather with a clean, damp cloth.
Your Cadillac dealer has two GM cleaners, a
solvent-type spot lifter and a foam-type powdered
cleaner. They willclean normal spots and stains very
well. Do not use them on vinyl or leather.
Here are some cleaning tips:
Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
Clean up stains as soon as you can -- before they set.
Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean area
often. A soft brush may be used if stains are stubborn.
Use solvent-type cleaners in a well-ventilated area
only. If you use them, don’t saturate the stained area.
If a ring forms after spot cleaning, clean the entire
area immediately or it will set.
Using Foam-Type Cleaneron Fabric
1. Vacuum and brush the area to remove any
loose dirt.
2. Always clean a whole trim panel or section. Mask
surrounding trim along stitch or welt lines.
3. Mix Multi-Purpose Powdered Cleaner following
the directions on the container label.
4. Use suds only and apply with a clean sponge.
5. Don’t saturate the material.
6. Don’t rub it roughly.
7. As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use a sponge
to remove the suds.
8. Rinse the section with a clean, wet sponge.
9. Wipe off what’s left with a slightly damp paper
towel or cloth.
10. Then dry it immediately with a blow dryer.
11. Wipe with a clean cloth.
Using Solvent-Type Cleaneron Fabric
First, see if you have to use solvent-type cleaner at all.
Some spots and stains will clean off better with just
water and mild soap.
If you need to use a solvent:
Gently scrape exc-ess-soilfrom the trim material
with a clean, dull knife or scraper. Use very little
cleaner, light pressure and clean cloths (preferably
cheesecloth). Cleaning should start at the outside of
the stain, “feathering” toward the center. Keep
changing to a clean section of the cloth.
When you clean a stain from fabric, immediately
dry the area with a blow dryer to help prevent a
cleaning ring.
Special Cleaning Problems
Greasy or Oily Stains
Stains caused by grease, oil, butter, margarine, shoe
polish, coffee with cream, chewing gum, cosmetic
creams, vegetable oils, wax crayon, tar and asphalt can
be removed as follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain.
2. Follow the solvent-type instructions described earlier.
3. Shoe polish, wax crayon, tar and asphalt will stain
if left on a vehicle’s seat fabric. They should be
removed as soon as possible. Be careful, because
the cleaner will dissolve them and may cause them
to spread.
Non-Greasy Stains
Stains caused by catsup, coffee (black), egg, fruit, fruit
juice, milk, soft drinks, wine, vomit, urine and blood can
be removed
as
follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the
soiled area with cool water.
2. If a stain remains, follow the foam-type instructions
described earlier.
6-50
3. If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine,
treat the area with a waterhaking soda solution:
1 teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml)
of lukewarm water.
4. If needed, clean lightly with solvent-type cleaner.
Combination Stains
Stains caused by candy, ice cream, mayonnaise, chili
sauce and unknown stains can be removed as follows:
0
Carefully scrape off excess stain, then clean with
cool water and allow to dry.
0
If a stain remains, clean it with solvent-type cleaner.
Cleaning Vinyl
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt. You
may have to do it more than once.
0
Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain if
you don’t get them off quickly. Use a clean cloth and
a GM VinyVLeather Cleaner or equivalent product.
Cleaning Leather
Care of Safety Belts
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap or
saddle soap.
Keep belts clean and dry.
For stubborn stains, use a GM Vinyl/Leather Cleaner
or equivalent product.
Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather.
Soiled leather should be cleaned immediately. If
dirt is allowed to work into the finish, it can harm
the leather.
I
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If you do, it
may severely weaken them. In
a crash they might
not be able to provide adequate protection.
Clean safety belts only with mild soap and
lukewarm water.
Cleaning the Top of the Instrument Panel
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones or
waxes may cause annoying reflections in the windshield
and even make it difficult to see through the windshield
under certain conditions.
Cleaning Wood Panels
Use a clean cloth moistened in warm, soapy water (use
mild dish washing soap). Dry the wood immediately
with a clean cloth.
I
I
Glass
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner (GM
Part No. 1050427) or a liquid household glass cleaner
will remove normal tobacco smoke and dust films.
Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass, because they may
cause scratches. Avoid placing decals on the inside rear
window, since they may have to be scraped off later.
If abrasive cleaners are used on the inside of the rear
window, an electric defogger element may be damaged.
Any temporary license should not be attached across the
defogger grid.
Cleaning the Outsideof the
Windshield and Wiper Blades
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running, wax
or other material may be on the blade or windshield.
Clean the outside of the windshield with GM
Windshield Cleaner, Bon-Ami Powder@(GM Part
No. 1050011).The windshield is clean if beads do not
form when you rinse itwith water.
Clean the blade by wiping vigorously with a cloth
soaked in full-strength windshield washer solvent. Then
rinse the blade with water.
Wiper blades should be checked on a regular basis and
replaced when worn.
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and notstick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth at least every six
months. During very cold, damp weather more frequent
application may be required. (See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.)
Cleaning the Outsideof Your Cadillac
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention and durability.
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finishis to keep it
clean by washingit often with lukewarmor cold water.
Don’t wash yourvehicle in the direct rays of the sun.
Don’t use strong soaps or chemical detergents. Use
liquid hand, dish or car washing (mild detergent) soaps.
Don’t use cleaning agents that are petroleum based, or
that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning agents
should be flushed promptly and not allowed to dry on
the surface, or they could stain. Dry the finish with a
soft, clean chamois or a 100%cotton towel to avoid
surface scratches and water spotting.
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter
your vehicle.
necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked
safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign matter.
Finish Care
uccasional waxing or mild polishing of your Cadillac
by hand may be necessary to remove residue from the
paint finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning
products from yourdealer. (See “Appearance Care and
Materials” in the Index.)
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a period
of years. You can help to keep the paint finish looking
new by keeping your Cadillac garaged or covered
whenever possible.
Your Cadillac has a “basecoatlclearcoat” paint finish.
The clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colored
basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that are
non-abrasive and made for a basecoat/clearcoat
paint finish.
Aluminum Wheels
Keep your wheels clean using a soft clean cloth with
mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water. After
-3-insingthoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel. A wax
may then be applied.
I NOTICE:
Machine compoundingor aggressive polishing on
a basecoatklearcoat paint finish may dull the
finish or leave swirl marks.
I
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird
droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc., can
damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain on painted
surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as possible. If
I
The surface of these wheels is similar to the painted
surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners or
abrasive cleaning brushes on them because you could
damage the surface.
Don’t take your vehicle through an automatic car wash
that has silicon carbide tire cleaning brushes. These
brushes can also damage the surface of these wheels.
6-53
9
b
Tires
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with a tire cleaner.
Underbody Maintenance
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust
control can collect on the underbody. If these are not
removed, accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur on the
NOTICE:
underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor pan
and exhaust system even though they have
When applying a tire dressing always take care to corrosion protection.
wipe off any overspray or splash from all painted At least every spring, flush these materials from the
surfaces on the body or wheels
of the vehicle.
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
Petroleum-based products may damage the
and other debris can collect. Dirt packed in closed areas
paint finish.
of the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody car washing system can do
this for you.
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
Chemical Paint Spotting
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create a
applies anti-corrosion material to the parts repaired or
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
attack painted surfaces on your vehicle. This damage
can
take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
Finish Damage
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched into
Any stone chps, fractures or deep scratches in the finish
the paint surface.
should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, Cadillac
quickly and may develop into a major repair expense.
will repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces of
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition within
materials available from your dealer or other service
12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km)of purchase,
outlets. Larger areas of finish damage can be corrected
whichever occurs first.
in your dealer’s body and paint shop.
I
A,, --wa:--; Care M-ierials ,-,art
SIZE
DESCRIPTION
I PARTNUMBER I
1050004
1050172
I
1050173
2.75 sq. ft.
16 oz. (0.473 L)
I
I
I
16 oz. (0.473 L)
I
I
Chamois
Tar and Road Oil Remover
Chrome Cleaner and Polish
I
USAGE
I
Shines vehicle without scratching
Also removes old waxes and polishes
Removes rust and corrosion
I
I
I
1052930
8 oz. (0.237 L)
Capture Dry Spot Remover
Attracts and absorbs soils
Armor All” Cleaner
Cleans vinyl, leather and rubber
12345002**
16 oz. (0.473 L)
12 oz. (0.354 L)
Silicone Tire Shine
Shines tires
12345725
See your General Motors Parts Department for these products.
* Not recommended for pigskin suede leather.
See “Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
**Not recommended for use on instrument panel vinyl.
6-5
Vehicle Identification Number(VIN)
bl
SAMPLE4UXTM072675
-
a
Engine Identification
The eighth character in your VIN is the engine code.
This code will help you identify your engine,
specifications and replacement parts.
Service Parts Identification Label
1
f \ ASSEMBLY
E N G I N E A 6
MODEL
CODE
YEAR
PLANT
This is the legal identifier for your Cadillac. It appears
on a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel, on
the driver's side. You can see it if you look through the
windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificates of title and registration.
You'll find this label on the underside of the trunk lid.
It's very helpful if you ever need to order parts. On this
label is:
0
yourVIN,
the model designation,
0
paint information, and
a list of all production options and
special equipment.
Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.
6-56
Electrical System
Headlamps
Add-on Electrical Equipment
The headlamp wiring is protected by an internal circuit
breaker. An electrical overload will cause the lamps to
go
on and off, or in some casesto remain off. If this happens,
have your headlamp wiring checked right away.
1 NOTICE:
Windshield Wipers
Don’t add anything electrical to your Cadillac
unless you check with your dealer first. Some
electrical equipment can damage your vehicle
and the damage wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Some add-on electrical equipment
can keep other components from working as
they should.
I
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
add anything electrical to your Cadillac, see “Servicing
Your Air Bag-Equipped Cadillac” in the Index.
The windshield wiper motor is protected by an internal
circuit breaker and a fuse. If the motor overheats due to
heavy snow, etc., the wipers will stop until the motor
cools. If the overload is caused by some electrical
problem, be sure toget it fixed.
Power Windows and Other Power Options
I
Circuit breakers protect the power windows and other
power accessories. When the current load is too heavy,
the circuit breaker opens and closes, protecting the
circuit until the problem is fixed or goes away.
6-57
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from
short circuits by a combination of fuses, circuit breakers
and fusible thermal links. This greatly reduces the
chance of fires caused by electrical problems.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical size
and rating.
li you
ever have a problem on the road and don’thave a
spare fuse, you can borrow one that has the same
amperage. Just pick some feature of your vehicle that
you can get along without -- like the radio or cigarette
lighter -- and use its fuse, if it is the correct amperage.
Replace it as soon as you can.
There are two fuse blocks in your vehicle: the
instrument panel fuse block and the engine compartment
fuse block.
Instrument PanelFuse Bloc
To gain access to this fuse
block, remove the cover on
the driver’s side of the
instrument panel.
117
18
Fuse Usage
20
A/C Compressor Relay, Primary Engine
Cooling Fan Relay
Fuse Usage
34
Center Control Module (CCM)
35
Door Lock Switches, Outside Rearview
Mirrors, Ignition Key Disable Relay
Assembly
21
Component Center (RAP Wiper) Relay
22
Blower Motor Control Module
23
Rear Compartment Lid Release Switch
36
Rear Compartment Lid Pull-Down Actuator
24
Theft-Deterrent Relay, Air BagSystem
37
Hazard Lamp Flasher
25
Instrument Cluster, Heater-A/C Control,
VacuundElectric Solenoid, Electric Actuator
38
Stoplamp Switch
39
Door Lock Relay
26
Automatic Level Control Sensor, Rear
Compartment Courtesy Lamp
40
Heated Driver’s and Passenger’s Seat Control
Modules
27
Component Center Relay
41
28
Front Cigarette Lighter
29
Rear Cigarette Lighters
Instrument Cluster, Radio Control, Cornering
Lamps, Turn Signal Switch, Front Parking
Lamps
31
Parking Lamp Relay
42
32
Horn Relay
33
Warning Alarm, Heater and A/C Control,
Instrument Cluster, Headlamp Switch,
Radio Receiver
Headlamp Switch Control for Interior Lamps,
Dimming
Rear Taillamps, Rear Sidemarker Lamps,
License Lamp
43
44
Outside Rearview Mirror Defoggers
6-60
~
~
r
Circuit
Usage
Breaker
1
Lumbar, Power Antenna
2
Accessory Time Delay Cut-Off (RAP
Power) Relay
3
Driver’s and Passenger’s Seat Adjuster
Switches, Driver’s Seat Adjuster Memory
Module, Driver’sand Passenger’s Seats
Recline Switches
4
Rear DefoggerRelay
5
Headlamp Relay, Daytime Running Lamps
(DRL) Relay
Engine Compartment Fuse Block
Remove the cover to gain accessto this fuse block.
6-61
Fuse Usage
I
Primary Engine Cooling Fan Relay
8
FUSE USAGE CHART
91 LEVEL CONTROL
*
2
3
5
6
7
6-62
Automatic Level Control Air Compressor
Engine Compartment Fuses: 13, 14
Circuit Breaker: 5 ; I/P Fuses: 31, 32
14
Secondary Air Injection (AIR) Pump Relay
15
rowertrain Control Module (PCM),
Ignition Coil
16
Fuel Injectors Cylinders 1,4, 6,7
17
Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR), Vacuum
Control Signal Solenoid Valve, Secondary
Air Injection (AIR), Pump Relay (Coil), Mass
Air Flow Sensor, Electronic Transmission,
Left and Right Heated Oxygen Sensors,
Evaporative Emission (EVAP) Canister Purge
Solenoid Valve
18
Fuel Injectors Cylinders 2, 3, 5 , 8
A
A/C Compressor Relay
C
Secondary Air Injection (AIR) Pump Relay
I
z u u
Fuse
1
9
10
11
13
P
U
Usage
Circuit Breakers: 3,4; I/P Fuses: 36,37, 38,
39,40
Circuit Breaker: 2; UP Fuses: 21,22,26,27,
28,29,33,34,35
Concealed Fuse; I/P Fuses: 8,9, 10, 11, 12,
13, 14, 15,24; Underhood Electrical Center:
15, 16, 17, 18
ABS/TCS Brake Pressure Modulator Valve
ABS/TCS Brake Pressure Modulator Valve
Secondary Engine Cooling EmRelay
Fuel Pump Relay, Powertrain Control
Module (PCM)
Replacement Bulbs
Capacities and Specifications
You can get these from
your Caddlac dealer.
Engine Code P (LTl)
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
V8
Piston Displacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5.71
Power (Acc. to SAE J1349)
Application
Number
Ashtray Illumination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1445
2057
Back-up Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CenterHigh-MountedStoplamp . . . . . . . . . . . . 1156
2057
CorneringLamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front Parking and Directional Signal . . . . . . 2057NA
194
Front Sidemarker Lamp ....................
194
GloveBox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Headlamp
9005
High-Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Low-Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9006
194
LicensePlate Lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2057
Parking Lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
134
Sidemarker Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stop. Tail and Directional Signal Lamp . . . . . . . 2057
920
Trunk Lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
561
Underhood Lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
260 (bhp) @ 5000 rpm
194 (kW) @ 5000 rpm
Firing Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8-4-3-6-5-7-2
Thermostat Temperature . . . . . . 180"F (82"C)
6-63
Replacement Parts
Air Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .AC Type A1096C
10253745
FuelFilter ..........................
Engine Oil Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ACTypePF52
PCV Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type CV895C
Spark Plugs (Gap 0.050) . . . . . . . . . AC Type 41-943
Thermostat .........................
12555290
Wiper Blade (RightLeft) . 10283603 (22") (565 mm)
6-64
Tire Pressure, Sizes
See the Tire Certification Information Label
on the
driver's door
Wheel Nuts
Wheel Nut Torque . . . . . . . . . . . 100 lb-ft (140 N-m)
Capacities (Approximate)
Refrigerant (R-134a) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.75 lbs (0.79 kg)
Not all air conditioning refrigerants
are the same.If the air conditioning systemin your vehicleneeds refrigerant,
be sure theproper refrigerant isused. If you're not sure, askyour Cadillac dealer.
Automatic Transmission (4L60-E)
Pan Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.0 quarts (4.7 L)
Overhaul . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.2 quarts (10.6 L)
Engine Oiland Filter Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.0 quarts (4.7 L)
Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16.4 quarts (15.5 L)
Heavy-Duty Cooling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16.9 quarts (1 5.9L)
FuelTank ......................
.......................................
23gallons(87L)
Power Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
0.7 quarts (0.65 L)
Rear Axle
8.5"/8.6" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.3 pints (2.0L)
9.5" (Limousine) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.5 pints (2.6 L)
6-65
Vehicle Dimensions (Approximate)
Wheel Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FrontTread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RearTread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
122 inches (310 cm)
225inches(571cm)
57inches(148cm)
77inches(196cm)
62inches(157cm)
61inches(155cm)
6-66
t
/p-
‘
J
c
\
Section 7 CustomerAssistanceInformation
Here you will 5nd out how to contact Cadillacif you need
assistance. This section also tells you how to obtain service
publications and how to report any safety defects.
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
This section includes information on:
0
The Customer Satisfaction Procedure
0
Customer Assistance for Text Telephone
(TTY) Users
0
Roadside Service
0
Gold Key Courtesy Transportation
0
BBB Auto Line - Alternative Dispute
Resolution Program
0
Reporting Safety Defects
0
Service and Owner Publications
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to your
dealer and Cadillac. Normally, any concern you may
7-1
I
have with your velucle can behandled by your selling or
servicing dealer. Your dealer has the facility, trained
technicians, special tools and up-to-date information to
promptly address any issue which may arise. Cadillac
has empowered its dealers to make decisions and repair
vehicles, and they are eager to resolve your concern to
your complete satisfaction.If your concern has not been
resolved to your satisfaction, takethe following steps:
STEP ONE -- Discuss your concern with a
member of dealership management. Normally, concerns
can be quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has
already been reviewed with the Sales, Service, or
Parts
Manager, contact the owner of the dealership or the
General Manager.
STEP TWO-- If after contacting a member of
dealership management, it appears your concern
cannot be resolved by the dealership without further
help, contact the Cadillac Customer Assistance Center,
24 hours a day, by calling 1-800-458-8006. In Canada,
contact GM of Canada Customer Assistance Center in
Oshawa by calling 1-800-263-3777 (English) or
1-800-263-7854 (French).
7-2
For help outsideof the United 'Statesan&%anada, call
the following numbers as appropriate:
In Mexico: (525) 625-3256
In Puerto Rico: 1-800-496-9992 (English) or
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
In the U.S. Virgin Islands: 1-800-496-9994
In the Dominican Republic: 1-800-75 1-4135
(English) or 1-800-75 1-4136 (Spanish)
In the Bahamas: 1-800-389-0009
In Bermuda, Barbados, Antigua and the British
Virgin Islands: 1-800-534-0122
In all other Caribbean countries: 1-809-763- 1315
In other overseas locations, callGM North American
Export Sales in Canada at 1-905-644-4112
Each technician travels with a specially equipped
service vehicle complete with the necessary Cadillac
parts and tools required to handle most roadside repairs.
Roadside Service
Cadillac Roadside Service can be reached by dialing
1-800-882-1 112,24 hours a day, 365 days a year.This
service is providedat no charge for any warranty-covered
situation and for a nominal charge
if the Cadillacis no
longer under warranty.
Cadillac Owner Privileges
L
Cadillac’s exceptional Roadside Service is more than an
auto club or towing service. It provides every Cadillac
owner with the advantage of contacting a Cadillac
advisor and, when appropriate, a Cadillac trained
dealer technician who willprovide on-site service.
Roadside Service provides several Cadillac Owner
Privileges Rvl at “no charge,” throughout your
1996 Cadillac Warranty Period -- 48 Months, or
50,000 Miles/80,000 Kilometers.
Trip Interruption -- If your trip is interrupted
due to a warranty failure, incidental expenses
may be reimbursed during the 48 months or
50,000 miles/80,000 kilometers warranty period.
Items covered are hotel, meals and rental car.
Roadside Service Availability
Wherever you drive in the United States or Canada,
an advisor is available to assist you over the phone.
A dealer technician, if available, can travel to your
location within a 30 mile/50 kilometer radius, of a
participating Cadillac dealership. If beyond this radius,
we will arrange to have your car towed to the nearest
Cadillac dealership.
Reaching Roadside Service
Emergency Road Service is performed on site for the
following situations:
Towing Service
Battery Jump Starting
Lock Out Assistance
0
Fuel Delivery
Flat Tire Change (Covers change only)
Dial the toll-free Roadside Service number:
1-800-882-1 112. An experienced Roadside
Service Advisor will assist you and request the
following information:
A description of the problem
Name, home address, home telephone number
Location of your Cadillac and number you are
calling from
The model year, vehicle identification number and
date of delivery
7-5
Roadside Service for the Hearing or Speech
Impaired
Roadside Service is prepared to assist owners who have
hearing difficulties or are speech impaired. Cadillac has
installed special telecommunication devices called Text
Telephone (TTY) in the Roadside Service Center.
Our Cadillac Dealer Technician network is ready and
able to assist Cadillac customers at roadside.
Any customer who has access to a (TTY) or a
conventional teletypewriter can communicate with
Cadillac by dialing from the United States or Canada
1-800-833-CMCC -- daily, 24 hours.
7-6
I
Shuttle Service
Warranty work canfrequently be handled in one
day, but there is no reason for you to wait around.
Cadillac helps eliminate inconvenience to you with
transportation alternatives.
Gold Key Courtesy Transportation provides shuttle
service for sameday warranty work. Your Cadillac
dealer can get you where you need to be with minimal
interruption of your daily schedule.*
Gold Key Courtesy Transportation
Qne of your Cadillac Owner Privileges is Gold Key
Courtesy Transportation. It’s one moreexample of
Cadillac’s commitment to provide the services you
expect and deserve as a Cadillac owner.
Gold Key Courtesy Transportation helps you get where
you need to be when your Cadillac is in the dealership
for warranty service.*
Courtesy Vehicle
Gold Key Courtesy Transportation provides you with
transportation if your car requires warranty repairs.
In Canada, for warranty repairs during the Complete
Vehicle Coverage period in the New Vehicle Limited
Warranty, interim transportation may be available under
the Courtesy Transportation Program. Please consult
your dealer for details.
Miscellaneous Service
Gold Key Courtesy Transportation also provides
various reimbursements for overnight repairs, such
as transportation obtained independently, cab fare
or reasonable fuel expenses for a ride provided by
another individual.*
*Please ask about specificGold Key Courtesy
Transportation benefits offered by your Cadillac dealer:
Your dealer will provide you with a courtesy vehicle if
one isavailable.
7-7
Plan Ahead When Possible
Whenever possible, schedule an appointment for your
vehicle’s warranty work. Your Cadillac dealer can then
prepare to meet your alternative transportation needs
and minimize inconveniences typically associated with
warranty repairs.
Owner Responsibilities
There are only two things which you will be responsible
for during the use of your courtesy vehicle. You are
required to provide insurance coverage and replenish the
fuel used.
In many cases your own auto insurance policy may
provide primary coverage for the courtesy vehicle,
similar to rental car agreements. Please, check with your
insurance company to be certain what’s covered.
This service is provided to you under the terms of the
New Vehicle Warranty, therefore, it is imperative that
your vehicle be picked up from the dealership at the
completion of the warranty service. Vehicles not picked
up in a timely fashion may incur rental fees charged to
the customer.
7-8
GM Participation in BBB AUTO
LINE -- Alternative Dispute
Resolution Program*
*This program may not be available in all states,
depending on state law. Canadian owners refer to your
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information booklet.
General Motors reserves the right to change eligibility
limitations and/or to discontinue its participation in
this program.
Both Cadillac and your Cadillac dealer are committed to
making sure you are completely satisfied with your new
vehicle. Our experience has shown that, if a situation
arises where you feel your concern has not been
adequately addressed, the Customer Satisfaction
Procedure described earlier in this section is
very successful.
There may be instances where an impartial third party
can assist in arriving at a solution to a disagreement
regarding vehicle repairs or interpretation of the New
Vehicle Limited Warranty. To assist in resolving these
disagreements, Cadillac voluntarily participates in BBB
AUTO LINE.
BBB AUTO LINE is an out-of-court program
administered by the Better BusinessBureau system to
settle disputes between customers and automobile
manufacturers. Thisprogram is available freeof charge
to customers who currently own or lease aGM vehicle.
If you are not satisfied after following theCustomer
Satisfaction Procedure, you may contact theBBB using
the toll-free telephone number, or write them at the
following address:
BBB AUTO LINE
Council of Better Business Bureaus
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
To file a claim,you will be asked to provide your name
and address, your Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
and a statementof the natureof your complaint.
Eligibility is limitedby vehicle ageand mileage, and
other factors.
We prefer you utilize the Customer Satisfaction
Procedure before you resort to AUTO LINE, but you
may contact the BBBat any time. The BBB will attempt
to resolve the complaintserving as an intermediary
between you and Cadillac. If this mediation is
unsuccessful, an informal hearing will be scheduled
where eligible customers may present their case to an
impartial third-party arbitrator.
The arbitrator will make a decision which you may
accept or reject. If you accept the decision, GM will be
bound by that decision. The entire disputeresolution
procedure should ordinarily take about 40 days from the
time you file a claimuntil a decisionis made.
Some statelaws may require you to use this program
before filing a claimwith a state-run arbitration program
or in the courts. For further information, contact the
BBB at 1-800-955-5 100 or the
Cadillac Customer
Assistance Center at 1.-800-458-8006.
7-9
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO THE UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECT-S
TO THE CANADIAN
GOVERNMENT
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could
cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform theNational Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to
notifying General Motors.
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited. You may write to:
If NHTSA receives similar complaints,it may open an
investigation, andif it finds that a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you mayeither call the AutoSafety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in the
Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the Hotline.
7-10
Transport Canada
Box 8880
Ottawa, Ontario K1G 3J2
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO GENERAL MOTORS
Service and Owner Publications
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada)
in a situation like this, we certainly hope you’ll notify
us. Please callus at our Customer Assistance Center,
1-800-458-8006 or write:
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
30009 Van Dyke
P.O. Box 9025
Warren, MI 48090-9025
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Assistance Center
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Service manuals, service bulletins, owner’s manuals and
other service literature areavailable for purchase for all
current and many pastmodel General Motors vehicles.
Toll-free telephone numbers for ordering information:
United States . . . . . 1-800-551-4123
Canada
...... .. ..
1-800-668-5539
Service Manuals
Service manuals contain diagnostic and repair
information for all chassis and body systems. They may
be useful for owners who wish to get a greater
understanding of their vehicle. They are also useful for
owners with the appropriate skill level or training who
wish to perform “do-it-yourself” service. These are
authentic General Motors service manuals meant for
professional, qualified technicians.
service^ Bulletins
Service bulletins covering various subjects are regularly
sent to all General Motors dealerships. GM monitors
product performance in the field. When service methods
are found which promote better service on GM vehicles,
bulletins are created to help the technician perform
better service. Service bulletins may involve any
number of vehicles. Some will describe inexpensive
7-12
service; others will describe expensive service. Some
will advise of new or unexpected conditions, and others
may help avoid future costly repairs. Service bulletins
are meant for qualified technicians. In some cases
bulletins refer to service manuals, specialized tools,
equipment and safety procedures necessary to service
the vehicle. Since these bulletins are issued throughout
the model year and beyond, an index is required and
published quarterly to help identify specific bulletins.
Subscriptions are available. You can order an index at
the toll-free numbers listed previously, or ask a GM
dealer to see an index or individual bulletin.
Owner Publications
Owner’s manuals, warranty folders and various owner
assistance booklets provide owners with general
operation and maintenance information.
Air Bag
How Does it Restrain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-21
1.19
How it Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.19. 1-20
Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.19. 2.55
Readiness Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-23
Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
What Makes it Inflate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-21
What Will You See After it Inflates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-21
1-20
When Should it Inflate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6- 14
Air Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3- 1
Air Conditioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Alignment and Balance. Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-45
6-53
Aluminum Wheels. Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-18
Antenna. Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Antifreeze . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-20
Anti-Lock
Brake System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.57.4.6
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Appearancecare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-48
Appearance Care Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-55
Arbitration Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-8
2-44
Armrest. Front Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-45
Armrest. Rear Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-46
Ashtrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Astroroof . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-48
3-4
Audio Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automatic
2-4
DoorLocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overdrive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21
2-9
Pull-Down Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-16
Transmission Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automatic Transmission
2-19
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-19
Shifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-16
Starting Your Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Axle. Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-19
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.3 1
ChargeLight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-55
5-2
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacement, Keyless Entry System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
2-41
Saver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BBBAuto Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-8
Better Business Bureau Mediation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-8
Brake
Adjustment ..................................
6-30
Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-26
6-26
Master Cylinder ..............................
2-22
Parking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-30
PedalTravel .................................
6-30
Replacing System Parts ........................
2-56
System Warning Light .........................
4-37
Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-29
Brake to Shift Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-65
4-6
Brakes, Anti-Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Braking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Braking in Emergencies ..........................
4- 10
2-14
Break-In, NewVehicle ..........................
6-3 1
Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Capacities and Specifications ....................
6-63
Carbon Monoxide ....................
2.27.4.28. 4.35
Cassette Tape Player . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.5.3.8
Cassette Tape Player Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-17
CD Player Theft-Deterrent Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3- 13
Center Front Passenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-24
Center High-Mounted Stop Lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-37
Center Rear Passenger Position ....................
1-29
Certification Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-30
Chains.Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-37
Chains.Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-47
ChangeOilLight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-64
Changing a Flat Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-20
ChargeLight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-55
Check Engine Light .............................
2-60
Checking Your Restraint Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-44
6-54
Chemical Paint Spotting ..........................
1-32
Child Restraints ................................
Securing in the Center Rear Seat Position . . . . . . . . . . 1-36
Securing in the Rear Outside Seat Position . . . . . . . . . 1-34
Securing in the Right Front Seat Position . . . . . . . . . . 1-38
TopStrap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-33
1-32
Wheretoput . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-46
Cigarette Lighter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-58
Circuit Breakers and Fuses .......................
Cleaner,Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-14
Cleaning
Aluminum Wheels ............................
6-53
6-49
Fabric . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Glass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-51
6-48
Inside ofYour Cadillac ........................
6-51
Instrument Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-51
Leather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Outside of Your Cadillac .......................
6-52
6-50
Special Problems .............................
Stains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-49
6-54
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vinyl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-50
6-52
Weatherstrips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-53
Windshield and Wiper Blades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-52
6-51
WoodPanels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-1
Climate Control System ...........................
Clock. Setting the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-4
3-1
Comfort Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-17
CompactDiscCare .............................
Engineoil .....................................
Adding- .....................................
Additives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking ...................................
Pres.sure Light ...............................
Used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Whentochange ..............................
English/Metric Button ...........................
Ethanol .........................................
Exhaust. Engine ................................
8-4
6-9
6-10
6-12
6-10
2-63
6-13
6-13
2-53
6-3
2-27
Instrument Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brightness Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FuseBlock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interior Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-5 1
2-38
6-51
2-52
6-58
2-40
5-22
Jack.Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jumpstarting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
2-6
Keyless Entry System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
Labels
Certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30
6-56
Service Parts Identification .....................
Tire-Loading Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-29
Vehicle Identification Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-56
2-38
Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cornering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-39
2-40
Interior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-40
Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-38
OnReminder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leaving Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-5
Leaving Your Vehicle with the Engine Running . . . . . . . 2-25
2-39
Light Sensor. Twilight Sentinel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lighter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-46
Lights
Air Bag Readiness .......................
1.19.2.55
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.57. 4.6
2-56
Brake System Warning .........................
Brake to Shift . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-65
Changeoil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-64
2-55
Charge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CheckEngine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-60
CruiseEngaged . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-66
DoorAjar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-67
Engine Coolant Temperature Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-59
Engine Oil Pressure Light ......................
2-63
2-40
Interior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Low Coolant Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-59
2-64
Low Oil Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-65
Pass Key Fault . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety Belt Reminder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5, 2-54
2-60
ServiceEngineSoon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Traction Control System Active . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-58, 4-8
Traction Control System Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-58, 4-9
2-67
TrunkAjar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Washer Fluid Low . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-66
Loading YourVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-29
Locks
Anti-Lockout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
2-4
Automatic Door . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Central Door Unlocking System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Door . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-3
PowerDoor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
2-5
Rear Door Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-29
Low Coolant Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-59
2-64
LowOilLevelLight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance, Normal Replacement parts . . . . . . . . . . . 6-64
Maintenance, Underbody . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-54
Maintenance When Trailer Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-40
2-60
Malfunction Indicator Lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.
8-5
Mats. Floor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Methanol ......................................
Mirrors .......................................
Convex Outside ..............................
Electrochromic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foldaway Outside ............................
Rear Visor Vanity .............................
VisorVanity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MMT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MountainRoads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Multifunction Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-47
6-3
2-42
2-43
2-42
2-44
2-47
2-47
6-3
4-23
2-30
N e t . Convenience ..............................
2-45
Neutral.Automatic Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20
2-14
New Vehicle “Break-In” .........................
Nightvision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4- 16
2-53
Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Odometer, Trip . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Lumbar
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-53
Off-RoadRecovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Function
. . . . . 4-12
6-9
Oil, Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-13
Oil Life Indicator ...............................
6- 13
Oil Life Indicator, Resetting ......................
Overdrive. Automatic Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21
Overheating Engine .............................
5- 12
Owner Publications. Ordering .....................
7- 12
P a i n t Spotting. Chemical ........................
Park
Automatic Transmission .......................
{
8-6
6-54
2- 19
2-23
Shifting Into .................................
2-26
Shifting Out of ...............................
Parking
2-10
AtNight ....................................
2-22
Brake ......................................
2-10
Lots .......................................
Over Things That Burn ........................
2-27
4-39
With a Trailer ................................
2-65
Pass Key Fault Light ............................
Passing . . & . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-12
PASS-Key I1 ................................. 2-12
Photocells, Electrochromic Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-43
Power
3-18
Antenna Mast Care ............................
2-4
DoorLocks ...................................
4-10
Steering ....................................
Steering Fluid ................................
6-24
2-28
Windows ...................................
Powerseat .....................................
1-1
Controls ..............................
1-3
.............................. 1-2
Memory
Pregnancy, Use of Safety Belts ....................
1-23
............................ 5-1
Problems
Road on the
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-11
Publications, Service
Owner
and
Pull-Down Feature, Automatic .....................
2-9
Radiator .....................................
Radio Reception ................................
Radios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rain. Driving In ................................
RAP .........................................
ReadingLamps ................................
5-16
3-15
3-4
4-17
2-16
2-41
Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-31
5-7
Towing Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-8
Traction Control System ..........................
Traction Control System Active Light . . . . . . . . . . . 2.58.4.8
Traction Control System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . 2.58.4.9
Trailer
4-37
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-39
Driving on Grades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DrivingWith . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-37
Engine Cooling When Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-40
4-35
Hitches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-40
Maintenance When Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-39
ParkingonHills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-37
Safety Chains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tongueweight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-34
Total Weight on Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-34
4-31
Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Turnsignals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-39
Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-33
Wiring Harness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-37
Transmission Fluid. Automatic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6- 16
Transmitters. Keyless Entry System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Transportation. Courtesy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-7
2-53
Trip Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-8
T r ~ n k. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AjarLight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-67
2-9
Automatic Pull-Down Feature ....................
2-9
Release. Remote . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TTYUsers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-3
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Underbody Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-54
2-41
Underhood Lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-48
Universal Transmitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vehicle
Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-5
Damage Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii
6-66
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Identification Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-56
4-29
Loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-31
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-3
Ventilation System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-47
Visor Vanity Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Visors, Sun . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-47
w a r n i n g Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-2
Warning Lights. Gages and Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-54
Washer Fluid Low Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-66
6-25
Washer Fluid. Windshield ........................
WashingYourVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-52
6-52
Weatherstrips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.
.
.
8-9
Wheel
Alignment ..................................
Nut Torque ..................................
Replacement .................................
Window
Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WindshieldWasher .............................
2-34.
Fluid ..................................
6-45
6-64
6-46
2-29
2-28
2-34
6-25
2-33
WindshieldWiper ..............................
Blade Replacement ...........................
6-38
Winter
Driving ................................. 4-25
Wiring
Harness.
Trailer
.......................... 4-37
WreckerTowing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-7
a