Carrier 25VNA Instruction manual

Installation Instructions
NOTE:
Read the entire
instruction
manual
before
starting
the installation,
TABLE
OF CONTENTS
PAGE
SAFETY
CONSIDERATIONS
...................................................................
INSTALLATION
RECOMMENDATIONS
........................................................
INSTALLATION
...........................................................................
4
...............................................................
Step 11 -- Start-Up
..........................................................................
Step 12 -- System Functions and Sequence of Operation ...........................................
Step 13 -- Check Charge
Step 14 -- Pumpdown
COMPONENTS
TROUBLESHOOTING
PURON
3-11
Step 3 -- Clearance Requirements
Step 9 -- Compressor Crankcase Heater ..........................................................
...................................................................
Step 10 -- Install Accessories
CARE
3
4
4
Step 6 -- Liquid Line Solenoid Valve (LSV) .......................................................
Step 7 -- Making Piping Connections ..........................................................
Step 8 -- Make Electrical Connections ...........................................................
FINAL
2
Step 1 -- Check Equipment and Jobsite ...........................................................
Step 2 -- Install on Solid Pad ...................................................................
Step 4 -- Operating Ambient ...................................................................
Step 5 -- Elevate Unit ........................................................................
MAJOR
NO.
CHECKS
...................................................................
8: Evacuation
............................................................
..........................................................................
..........................................................................
® REFRIGERANT
REFERENCE
GUIDE
7
8
8
8-10
10-11
11
12
18
......................................................................
QUICK
4
5-6
7
12-16
.................................................................................
AND MAINTENANCE
4
4
..............................................
18
18
Information
in these
25VNA series units.
SAFETY
Improper installation,
or use can cause
installation
instructions
pertains
only
to
Indoor
Thermostat
Control
Model
Infinity
Control
25VNA
Yes*
CONSIDERATIONS
adjustment,
alteration, service, maintenance,
explosion,
fire, electrical
shock,
or other
conditions
which may cause death, personal injury, or property
damage.
Consult
a qualified
installer,
service agency, or your
distributor
or branch for information
or assistance. The qualified
Options
Requires model SYSTXCCUID01-V or SYSTXCCUIZ01-V or newer.
installer or agency nmst use factory-authorized
kits or accessories
when modifying
this product. Refer to the individual
instructions
packaged
Follow
with the kits or accessories
all safety
codes.
Wear safety
when
installing.
glasses,
ELECTRICALSHOCK
protective
and work gloves. Use quenching
cloth for brazing
Have
fire
extinguisher
available.
Read
these
operations.
instructions
thoroughly
and follow
all warnings
or cautions
included
in
literature and attached to the unit. Consult local building codes and
current editions of the National Electrical Code ( NEC ) NFPA 70.
In Canada, refer to current editions of the Canadian electrical code
CSA 22.1.
Recognize
safety
information.
This
When you see this symbol on
manuals, be alert to the potential
is the safety-alert
to follow
this warning
result in nfinor personal injury or product
NOTE is used to highlight
suggestions
installation,
reliability,
or operation.
ELECTRICAL
HAZARD
Failure to follow
or death.
this warning
HAZARD
to follow
this caution
in personal
may result in personal
iniury.
Sheet metal parts may have sharp edges or burrs. Use care and
wear
appropriate
protective
clothing
and gloves
when
handling parts.
- HIGH
VOLTAGE!
could
result in personal
injury
Electrical components
may hold charge.
DO NOT remove
control
box cover for 2 nfinutes
after power
has been
removed from unit.
PRIOR
Inverter
Failure
result
Before installing,
modifying,
or servicing
system, main
electrical disconnect
switch nmst be in the OFF position.
There may be more than 1 disconnect
switch. Lock out and
tag switch with a suitable warning label.
TO TOUCHING
Verify zero (0)voltage
inverter cover.
CUT
could
injury or death.
symbol/}k
the most serious hazards which will result in severe personal injury
or death. WARNING
signifies
hazards
which could
result in
personal injury or death. CAUTION
is used to identify unsafe
which will result in enhanced
Failure
the unit and in instructions
or
for personal injury.
Understand
these signal words; DANGER,
WARNING, and CAUTION.
These
words are used with the safety-alert
symbol. DANGER
identifies
practices which would
and property
damage.
HAZARD
clothing,
ELECTRICAL
at inverter
COMPONENTS:
connections
shown
on
Cover
IMPORTANT:
The inverter cover should NEVER be removed
because there is no reason to remove the inverter cover to access
the inverter. The inverter is not serviceable.
is provided with a replacement inverter.
UNIT
OPERATION
AND SAFETY
Failure to follow this warning
or equipment damage.
could
A replacement cover
HAZARD
result in personal
injury
Puron®
refrigerant systems operate at higher pressures than
standard R-22 systems.
Do not use R-22 service equipment
or components
on Puron® refrigerant equipment.
Installation
Recommendations
In some cases noise in the living
pulsations from improper installation
area has been
of equipment.
traced
1. Locate unit away from windows,
patios, decks,
unit operation sound may disturb customer.
2. In noise sensitive applications
lineset is mounted
to ceiling
to gas
etc. where
(such as bedrooms),
joists or floor joists,
when a
the out-
door unit must be located at least 10 ft (3.05 m) away. If
this is not possible,
create a line set configuration
with
enough bends to provide
length outside the dwelling
3. Ensure that vapor
for unit capacity.
4. Run refrigerant
necessary turns
5. Leave
some
10 ft (3.05
m) of total
line set
Adjust
refrigerant
to/from
the unit depending
charge
IMPORTANT:
applications
Liquid-line
including
tube diameters
tubes as directly
and bends.
slack between
as possible
IMPORTANT:
refrigerant
by avoiding
un-
and unit to absorb
tubes through
ing with RTV or other pliable
vi-
silicon-based
caulk
(see Fig.
direct
tubing
contact
with
water
pipes,
duct work,
floor joists, wall studs, floors, and walls.
8. Do not suspend
tubing
refrigerant
wire or strap
tubing
Always
IMPORTANT:
Always
#LM10KK003)
on
Muffler
rounds
10. When
that tubing
vapor
which
comes
and studs with
in direct
contact
with
11. Isolate
insulation
is pliable
and completely
sur-
use hanger
to shape
hanger
of tubing
straps which
insulation.
straps from insulation
bent to conform
Specifications
Failure
is 3/8-in.
install
OD for all 25VNA
the
factory-supplied
liquid-line
filter driers from your distributor
install
the vapor
the factory-supplied
or
mufflers
mufi3er (part
line as described
section
of
in the Factor)'
these
from you distributor
to shape
DAMAGE
are 1 in. wide
and
(See Fig. 1.)
by using metal sleeves
of insulation.
Step 1 -Move
unit.
and Heat Pumps
unit changes
instructions.
or branch.
may result in equipment
new construction
Check
Using
for specific
market
Equipment
Puron®
Refrigerant
applications
to
and for R-22
and Job Site
Unit
to final location.
Remove
carton
taking
care not to damage
This unit employs one louver spacer on each of the four sides to
prevent louver movement during operation.
The louver spacers are
between
the coil surface
and louver
center of each side (See Fig. 2).
present
and, if dislodged
during
before unit is placed into operation.
HAZARD
to follow this caution
for this unit in residential
obtain required
retrofit.
trapped
EQUIPMENT
as
require the outdoor unit, indoor unit (including
metering device),
refrigerant tubing sets, and filter drier, and mufi'ler listed in pre-sale
literature. There can be no deviation. Consult the Service Manual -
Unpack
tube.
necessary,
conform
size
blstallation
Obtain replacement
Air Conditioners
from joists
(see Fig. 1).
9. Ensure
charge
unit
the wall, seal open-
1).
a rigid
the
and indoor
INSTALLATION
passing
7. Avoid
removing
are appropriate
Supplied
structure
or
length
long line applications.
filter drier. Obtain replacement
branch.
and liquid
adding
on lineset
calculated
and displayed
on the UI. The user interface
(UI)
calculates
required
charge adjustment
and total system
charge
required.
For proper unit operation, check refrigerant charge using
charging
information
in the Check
Charge
section
of this
instruction.
bration.
6. When
by
at the approximate
This louver spacer
shipment,
must be
should be
reinstalled
Louver Spacer
damage.
If proper lineset routing techniques
are not followed, variable
speed systems can be susceptible
to lineset transmitted
noise
inside the dwelling and, in extreme cases, tubing breakage.
A11380
Fig. 2 - Louver
Inspect
1"/25
........
/_1I'W
MiN
_
_'-
LiQUiD
TUBE
SUSPENSION
A07588
Fig. 1 - Connecting
Tubing
Installation
The outdoor unit contains the correct amount of refrigerant charge
for operation
with AHRI rated and factory-approved
smallest
indoor unit when connected
factory accessory tubing.
by 15 ft (4.57 m) of field-supplied
or
Spacer
Location
Equipment
File claim with shipping company prior to installation if shipment
is damaged or incomplete. Locate unit rating plate on unit corner
panel. It contains information needed to properly install unit,
Check rating plate to be sure unit matches job specifications,
Step 2 -- Install on a Solid, Level Mounting
Pad
If conditions or local codes require the unit be attached to pad, tie
down bolts should be used and fastened
through knockouts
provided in unit base pan. Refer to unit mounting
pattern in Fig. 3
[]NIT
to determine
Failure
damage
For
base pan size and knockout
hurricane
tie downs,
(Professional
Engineer)
On rooftop
applications,
contact
Certification,
mount
hole location.
distributor
for details
and PE
OPERATION
HAZARD
to follow this caution
or improper operation.
Do not allow water and/or
if required.
on level platform
may
result
in equipment
ice to build up in base pan.
or frame. Place
unit above a load-bearing
wall and isolate unit and tubing set from
structure. Arrange supporting
members to adequately
support unit
and minimize transmission
of vibration
codes governing
rooftop applications.
Roof
wind
mounted
baffles.
to building.
5 mph may require
- Residential
Split
Pumps
Using
When
installing,
allow
sufficient
space
for
airflow
clearance,
wiring, refrigerant piping, and service. Allow 24 in. (609.6 mm)
clearance to service end of unit and 48 in. (1219.2 mm) (above
unit. For proper airflow, a 6-in. (152.4 mm) clearance on 1 side of
unit and 12-in. (304.8
mm) on all remaining
sides must be
maintained.
Maintain
a distance of 24 in. (609.6 mm) between
units. Position so water, snow, or ice from roof or eaves cannot fall
directly
on unit.
On rooftop applications,
roof surface.
locate unit at least 6 in. (152.4
mm) above
HAZARD
to follow this caution
or improper operation.
may
result
in equipment
Locate the unit in such a way that it is stable
circumstances
including
adverse weather conditions.
mm/m.)
Requirements
OPERATION
Failure
damage
Puron®
NOTE:
Unit must be level to within ---2° (---3/8 in./ft,--9.5
per compressor
manufacturer
specifications.
Step 3 -- Clearance
local
[]NIT
units exposed to winds above
Consult
the Service
Manual
System
Air
Conditioners
and Heat
Refrigerant for wind baffle construction.
Consult
Step 6 -- In Long-Line
Applications,
Liquid-Line
Solenoid Valve (LSV)
For
refrigerant
piping
arrangements
with
in all
Install
equivalent
lengths
(LSV) accessory
requirements
from the Residential
Piping and
Long-line
guideline.
CCH, start gear and piston changes do not
apply. If required by Long-Line
Guideline,
install LSV kit, part
no. KHALS0401LLS,
specifically
designed
for Puron®
refrigerant
heat pumps.
LSV should be installed within 2 ft. (0.61
outdoor unit with flow arrow pointing toward outdoor unit.
3/8-in.
(9,53 mm) Dia,
Tiedown Knockouts in
Basepan(2) Places
of
greater than 80 ft. (24.38 m) and/or when elevation
difference
between indoor and outdoor unit is greater than -+20 ft. (-+6.10 m),
follow
the piping configuration
and liquid line solenoid
valve
Make
the necessary
by following
kit.
IMPORTANT:
electrical
the Installation
m)
of
connections
as shown
on Fig. 20 and
Instructions
included
with accessory
Flow arrow must point toward
outdoor
unit.
Variable
User
Furnace or
Fan Coil
Interface
Speed
HP
A
B
View From Top
C
A05177
D
UNIT
BASE
PAN
Dimension in. (mm)
38 X 38
(669
X88g)
TIEDOWN KNOCKOUT LOCATIONS in. (mm)
A
B
C
LLS
S1
S2
9-1/8
(231.8)
Fig. 3 - Tiedown
6-9/16
Knockout
(166.7)
28-7/16
(722.3)
.......
OpttonN
Ren_t e
__._.
1
]
Locations
Al1107
Step 4 -- Operating
The minimum
(12.78°C)
maximum
(51.67°C).
(18.9°C).
-20°F.
outdoor
Ambient
operating
ambient
Fig. 4 - Liquid
in cooling
mode is 55 °F
without
low
ambient
cooling
enabled,
outdoor operating
ambient in cooling mode
and the
is 125°F
The maximum
heating operation
ambient is 66°F
Compressor
protections
prevent operation below -10 to
Step 5 -- Elevate
Unit
Elevate unit per local climate and code requirements
to provide
clearance above estimated
snowfall
level and ensure adequate
drainage of unit.
(Required
Line Solenoid
Electrical
Connection
for long line applications)
Step 7 -- Make Piping
Connections
UNIT
PERSONAL
HAZARD
Failure
death.
INJURY AND UNIT DAMAGE
to follow this warning
DAMAGE
Failure
damage
could result in personal
injury
or
(914.4
Outdoor
tubing
Failure
damage
may
result
in equipment
1 - Refrigerant
Connections
units may be connected
package
SIZE
to indoor
or field-supplied
and Recommended
Liquid
and Vapor
in equipment
section
refrigerant
tubing
1hbe
LIQUID
UNIT
result
(152.4
lengths
further
36 in.
ram).
Refer to Table 1 for field
accessory requirements.
Do not leave system open to atmosphere
any longer than
minimum required for installation.
POE oil in compressor
is
extremely susceptible
to moisture
absorption.
Always keep
ends of tubing sealed during installation.
Table
may
using accessory
grade tubing
of correct
size and condition.
For tubing requirements
beyond 80 ft. (24.38
m), substantial
capacity and performance
losses can occur. Follow
the pipe sizing recommendations
in the 25VNA Product data to
manage these losses.
HAZARD
to follow
this caution
or improper operation.
to follow this caution
or improper operation.
If ANY refrigerant tubing is buried, provide a 6 in.
ram) vertical rise at service valve. Refrigerant tubing
up to 36 in. (914.4 ram) may be buried without
special consideration.
Do not bury lines longer than
Relieve
pressure
and recover
all refrigerant
before system
repair or final unit disposal. Use all service ports and open all
flow-control
devices, including solenoid valves.
UNIT DAMAGE
HAZARD
diameters.
Diameters
Refer
to Table
(in.)
VAPOR*
Connection
Diameter
Tube
Diameter
Connection
Diameter
Max (Rated)
Diameter
Minimum
Tube
Diameter
25VNA024
3/8
3/8
7/8
7/8
5/8
25VNA036
3/8
3/8
7/8
7/8
5/8
25VNA048
3/8
3/8
7/8
1 - 1/8
3/4
25VNA060
3/8
3/8
7/8
1 - 1/8
3/4
Units are rated with 25 It. (7.6 m) of lineset. See Product Data sheet for performance data when using different size and length line sets.
Notes:
1. Do not apply capillary tube indoor coils to these units.
2. For Tubing Set lengths between 80 and 200 It. (24.38 and 60.96 m) horizontal and / or greater than 20 It. (6.1 m) vertical differential, an accessory
Solenoid must be installed.
Table
REQUIRED
ACCESSORY
Crankcase
Evaporator
Liquid-Line
Freeze Protection
Control
Puron Refrigerant Balance Port
Hard-ShutOff
TXV
Support
Winter
Standard
Standard with Infinity
Solenoid Valve
Low-Ambient
Feet
Start Control
EMI Kit
FOR
LOW-AMBIENT
COOLING
APPLICATIONS
(Below 55°F/12.6°C)
Heater
Control
No
Standard
2 - Accessory
with Infinity Control
Yes1"
Recommended
Liquid Line
Usage
REQUIRED FOR LONG LINE
APPLICATIONS*
(Over 60 ft/24.38 m)
REQUIRED FOR SEA
COAST APPLICATIONS
(Within 2 miles/3.22
Standard
TM
2 for
km)
Installations
with Radio
Frequency Interference
Concerns in the Range
of 2 to 30 MHZ
Standard
Standard
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
Yes]-
Yes1"
Yes1"
No
Standard with Infinity
Control
Standard with Infinity
Control
No
No
Recommended
Standard with Infinity
Control
For tubing set lengths between 80 and 200 It. (24.38 and 60.96 m) horizontal or 20 It. (6.10 m) vertical differential
Liquid Line Solenoid must be installed.
1- Required on all indoor units. Standard on all new Puron refrigerant fan coils and furnace coils.
Standard = Standard for all new Puron refrigerant fan coils and furnace coils.
No
Standard with Infinity
Control
No
(total equivalent
Yes
length),
an accessory
Outdoor
Unit
Unit
Outdoor
operation
Connected
Factory-Approved
to
unit contains
correct
with factory-approved,
system
refrigerant
AHRI-rated smallest
when
connected
by 15 ft. (4.57 m) of
factory-accessory
tubing, and factory-supplied
refrigerant charge for maximum efficiency.
NOTE:
casing
If the indoor
width,
furnace
Indoor
coil width
refer to the indoor
charge for
indoor unit
field-supplied
or
filter drier. Check
is more than the furnace
coil Installation
Instructions
for
transition requirements.
Install
Liquid-Line
Filter
Drier
Indoor
Refer to Fig. 6 and install filter drier as follows:
1. Braze 5-in. (127 mm) liquid tube to the indoor
2. Wrap filter drier with damp
3. Braze filter drier to above 5-in.
4. Connect
coil.
cloth.
A05227
Fig. 6 - Liquid-Line
(127 mm) liquid tube.
and braze liquid refrigerant
Filter Drier
tube to the filter drier.
Refrigerant
Tubing
connection
Outdoor
Connect vapor tube to fitting on outdoor unit vapor service valves
(see Table 1).
[]NIT
DAMAGE
HAZARD
Failure to follow this caution
improper operation.
Installation
NO Installation
may result in unit damage
or
of filter drier in liquid line is required.
of Adapter
Tube
Although it is a heat pump this unit has a standard AC liquid
service valve. An EXV inside the unit serves as the heating
expansion device.
Sweat Connections
Factory Supplied Muffler (part # LM10KK003)
Installation is Required On Every Installation:
• A muffler
through
• Muffler
direction,
is required
to reduce noise transmitted
to indoor
[]NIT
may be installed
maintaining
in the vertical
HAZARD
Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment
damage or improper operation,
or the horizontal
at least 12 in. (304.8
mm) straight
pipe
length from the OD unit (See Fig. 5).
• Maintain
DAMAGE
the line set.
• Use a brazing shield
• Wrap service valves with wet cloth or heat sink material.
at least 12 in. (304.8 mm) to any bend from the muffler
shell inlet and outlet
Use refrigerant
stubs.
_
XTERIOR
WALL
grade tubing.
Service
valves
are closed
from factory
and ready for brazing. After wrapping
service
cloth, braze sweat connections
using industry
valve with a wet
accepted
methods
and materials.
Consult local code requirements.
and indoor coil are now ready for leak testing.
include all field and factory joints.
Refrigerant
This check
tubing
should
_8 ram) MiN
Evacuate
VAPOR
SERVICE
VALVE S
(3048
ram)
Refrigerant Tubing
and
Indoor
Coil
[]NIT DAMAGE HAZARD
MIN
Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment
damage or improper operation,
EXTERIOR
WALL
Never use the system compressor as a vacuum pump.
Refrigerant
tubes and indoor coil should be evacuated
using the
recommended
deep vacuum method of 500 microns. The alternate
triple
triple
evacuation
evacuation
nitrogen
Deep
VAPOR
SERVICE
VALVE
_
(3048
ram) MIN
--VAPOR
prior to opening
Vacuum
the refrigerant
system
for
dry
for servicing.
Method
LiNE
The
Al1108
Fig. 5 - Muffler
method may be used.
See Service Manual
method.
Always
break a vacuum
with
Installation
deep
vacuum
method
requires
a vacuum
pump
capable
of
pulling a vacuum of 500 microns and a vacuum gauge capable of
accurately measuring this vacuum depth. The deep vacuum method
is the most positive way of assuring
liquid water. (See Fig. 7)
a system
is free of air and
Connect
Ground
and Power
Wires
Connect ground wire to ground connection in control box for
safety. Connect power wiring to contactor as shown in Fig. 8,
LEAK IN
ffJ
O
II:
o
DISCONNECT
PER N. E. C. AND/OR
LOCAL CODES
CONTACTOR
FIELD POWER
m
VACUUM TIGHT
TOO WET
]
cc°o
o©
WIRING
TIGHT
DRY SYSTEM
FIELD GROUND
2
3
4
MINUTES
5
6
WIRING
-Q
GROUND
LUG
]
A95424
Fig. 7 - Deep Vacuum
Tubing
Final
and outdoor
not
secure
to be certain
unit has not shifted
against
each
to feeder tubes,
factory
during
other
making
or
tubing on both indoor
shipment.
any
Ensure
sheet
metal.
tubes are
Pay
close
sure wire ties on feeder tubes
are
and tight.
Connect to Infinity connections.
Only two wires (AB) to Infinity
capable indoor unit (furnace or fan coil) is required.
Typical 4 wire
(ABCD)
may be connected
IMPORTANT:
This
(see Fig. 18).
system
outdoor unit, and the indoor
the outdoor unit.
Step 8 -- Make Electrical
Connections
All
SHOCK
Failure to follow
injury or death.
HAZARD
this warning
Do not supply power
cover removed.
result
to unit with compressor
in personal
ternfinal
Use
must
be NEC
Class
1 and
furnace
transformer,
fan
coil
box
with local
and national
fire, safety,
Wiring
Check factory
wiring
wires are not in contact with tubing,
protection
device.
Step 9 --
NOTE:
Operation
of unit
on improper
and could affect unit reliability.
where voltage
line voltage
constitutes
See unit rating plate.
may fluctuate
above
Do not
or below
linfits.
Use copper wire only between
disconnect
switch and unit.
NOTE:
Install branch circuit disconnect
of adequate size per NEC
to handle unit starting current. Locate disconnect within sight from
Route
accessible
Ground
Remove access
from disconnect
control box.
from unit, per Section
and Power
440-14
of NEC.
Wires
panel to gain access to unit wiring.
through power wiring hole provided
Extend wires
and into unit
Failure to follow
or death.
SHOCK
be separated
from
or
accessory
could
Check
routing
to
to
Heater
crankcase
of 24 hr before
wire
sheet metal, etc.
Crankcase
has an internal
to the unit a minimum
time.
properly.
heater.
starting
Furnish
power
the unit for the first
To furnish power to heater only, set thermostat
electrical disconnect to outdoor unit.
to OFF
and close
Power is not required to the indoor unit or User Interface for proper
operation of heater. Crankcase heater will however be intelligently
energized as needed between operations,
and otherwise even when
the UI and indoor unit is not installed, as long as there is power to
the outdoor unit even if the indoor unit and UI are not yet installed.
Airflow Setup for Infinity
Fan Coil (communicating)
system
can
Control
only be installed
with
Furnace
Infinity
indoor
or FE
and user
interface
(UI) SYSTXCCUID01-V
or SYSTXCCUIZ01-V
or
newer.
When
using
an Infinity
User
Interface,
airflow
is
automatically
selected based on equipment size. The user has the
HAZARD
this warning
are secured
Compressor
This compressor
This
ELECTRICAL
must
(350C
and field wire connections
ensure
and readily
with
Check
IMPORTANT:
ternfinations
NOTE:
insulated
transformer,
ensure
pernfissible
to the
power.
complies
install unit in system
supply
power leads.
and electrical codes, and voltage to system is within linfits shown
on unit rating plate. Contact local power company for correction of
improper voltage.
See unit rating plate for recommended
circuit
abuse
power
transformer
for control power requirement
of system accessories
external to the OD unit. The outdoor unit has its own transformer
Final
Be sure field wiring
the
18 AWG
or larger
color-coded,
wire for low voltage control wires.
wiring
inconfing
could
requires
unit, for the UI to communicate
General Information
Use No.
nfininmm)
ELECTRICAL
Connections
Connect Control Wiring
Check
rubbing
attention
Fig. 8 - Line Power
Check
IMPORTANT:
A91056
Graph
result in personal
injury
The unit cabinet must have an uninterrupted
or unbroken
ground to nfininfize
personal
iniury if an electrical
fault
should occur. The ground may consist of electrical wire or
metal conduit
when installed
in accordance
with existing
electrical codes.
option
of selecting
Comfort,
Heating and/or Cooling modes.
Efficiency
and Max airflow
for
These should be selected based on
balance
between
the
homeowner's
comfort
consumption
expectations.
See
User
Interface
Instructions
for additional available adjustments.
Due to using a conmmnicating
furnace, dip switch adjustments
and
energy
Installation
control with the fan coil or the
are not necessary.
The outdoor
unit configuration
and the indoor
communicating
control setup.
airflows
are
deternfined
by
Step
10 --
Install
Accessories
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There are no refrigeration circuit or electrical accessories required
or available for installation within the unit. External to the unit, the
same accessories such as the liquid line solenoid, support feet,
snow rack, wind baffle etc., are available on other Carrier units can
also be used on this line of product.
Refer to the individual
Installation Instructions packaged with kits or accessories when
installing.
Step
11 --
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Alt104
Fig. 9 - Required Charge Adjustment
[]NIT OPERATION
in UI
AND SAFETY HAZARD
Failure to follow this caution may result in minor personal
injury, equipment damage or improper operation.
Observe the following:
1. Do not overcharge system with refrigerant.
2. Do not operate unit in a vacuum or at negative pressure.
3. Do not disable low pressure switch
4. Dome temperatures may be hot.
4. Set User Interface to operate cooling in CHARGING mode.
Charging mode operates system compressor speed and fan
speeds to proper conditions to check the refrigerant charge.
NOTE: Do not check charge in a mode other than CHARGING.
5. Wait for the specified stabilization time, depending on
lineset length. Compare subcooling at liquid line service
valve to Liquid Line Subcooling Target as shown CHARGING screen (LiqLin SC TGT) (see Fig. 10).
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PERSONAL
Calculated
INJURY
HAZARD
n
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If"TInl_
Failure
to follow
this caution
Wear safety glasses,
handling refrigerant.
may result in personal
protective
clothing,
iniury.
and gloves
when
f-i
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ENVIRONMENTAL
Failure to follow
damage.
HAZARD
this caution
Al1105
may
result
in environmental
Federal regulations
require that you do not vent
refrigerant to the atmosphere.
Recover during system
repair or final unit disposal.
Follow
these steps
to properly
start
up the system:
1. After system is evacuated, close the disconnects to energize
the ID and OD units to assess the user interface (UI), Keep
system in off mode. Under the Advanced function menu,
assess the REQUIRED CHARGE CALCULATION screen.
Enter the lineset length and vapor tube diameter. The user
interface (UI) will now display the required charge adjustment (see Fig. 9) for the lineset and an adjustment for a
large indoor coil if recognized as such by the UI.
2. Add or remove the required charge adjustment for lineset
length to liquid service valve.
Note: If lineset is less than 15 feet (-9.4°C), charge removal may be necessary.
3. Fully open liquid and vapor service valves.
Fig. 10 - Liquid
Step
12 --
System
Line Subcooling
Functions
And
Target
Sequence
Of
Operation
The 25VNA models utilize an Infinity Communicating User
Interface (UI). With a call for cooling, the outdoor fan and
compressor are energized to run at lowest cooling demand. If this
does not satisfy cooling demand, the system will ramp up in stages
until it satisfies the demand. After coping with the higher demand,
the unit returns to lower capacity operation until the demand is
satisfied or until an increase in demand.
When all demand is satisfied, the compressor will shut off. As the
unit operates at lower c@acity, system v@or (suction) pressure will
be higher than it is during a standard single-stage system operation
or during a higher capacity operation.
When the outdoor ambient is more the 100°F (37.8°C), the
outdoor fan will continue to run for one nfinute after compressor
shuts off. This reduces pressure differential for easier starting in
the next cycle.
The conventional thermostat inputs is designed to work for
emergency operation only. Connections are Y, O and C. The
system will only operate at maximum capacity, heating or cooling.
The user interface (UI) displays the operation mode and fault codes
as specified in the troubleshooting section. See Table 5 for codes
and definitions.
NOTE:
Only one code will be displayed on the outdoor unit
control board (the most recent, with the highest priority). The
latest codes are stored and can be access via the UI.
Crankcase Heater Operation
Amber
This unit has an internal crankcase heater that will be energized
during the off cycle and is intelligently
demanded by the system to
prevent the compressor
from being the coldest part of the system
Amber colored STATUS light indicates
See Table 7 for definitions.
thus enhancing
the reliability.
The crankcase heater will function
as needed any time the outdoor unit is powered. The indoor unit
and UI do not need to be installed for the crankcase
heater to
operate
Contactor
may
close
intermittently
starting.
This is done to determine
energize
the crankcase
inverter
heater.
without
whether
Closing
the
the control
the contactor
and allows the system to check compressor
Outdoor
Light
unit
needs
powers
to
the
operation
• Two minute time delay to return to standby
and error status.
operation
from last
fan at termination
of cooling
valid communication.
• One minute
time delay of outdoor
mode when outdoor
properly.
NOTE:
Status
ambient is greater
than or equal to 100°F
(37.8°C).
• Fifteen
second
auxiliary
delay at termination
of defrost before
the
heat is de-energized.
temperature.
Fan Motor Operation
The outdoor unit control
compressor
is operating,
(Fig. 11) energizes outdoor fan anytime
except for defrost and as needed during
low-ambient
cooling
operation.
The
outdoor
fan remains
energized
if a pressure
switch opens or compressor
scroll over
temperature
should occur. This OD fan is an ECM motor which
operates
demand.
at varying
speeds
depending
on
the ambient
and the
Time Delays
The unit time delays
• Five minute
include:
time delay to start cooling
or heating
operation
when there is a call from the user interface. To bypass
feature, momentarily
short and release Forced Defrost
• Five minute compressor
brown-out
condition.
re-cycle
delay on return
this
pins.
from a
• See Tab le 7 for other delay information.
General
Information
Al1139
Infinity
Controlled
low ambient
cooling:
Fig. 11 - Variable
This unit is capable of low ambient cooling down to 0°F (-17.8°C)
with Low Ambient enabled on the
Infinity Control.
A low
ambient kit is not required.
The only accessory that may be
required is wind baffles in locations which are likely to experience
cross winds in excess of 5 miles an hour.
This generally occurs
only on roof and open area applications.
The Infinity Control
provides an automatic evaporator
freeze thermostat.
Low ambient
cooling nmst be enabled in the User Interface setup. Fan may not
begin to cycle until about 40°F (4.4°C)
on coil and outdoor air temperature.
Infinity
controlled
• Fan
is OFF
low ambient
when
indoor
coil or outdoor
turned
coil
as follows:
temperature
suction
pressure
indicates
system
ON
low
(+
a freezing
(Fan is
outdoor
Control
coil
ignored
for 30 minutes.
minutes,
turned
for first 3 minutes
if low pressure
during
is turned
condition
routine
with
is satisfied
the outdoor
listed above
suction pressure
the normal
trip
within
10 minutes
down
is
After 3
fan motor
is
running.
If
then cooling
per the coil temperature
of the cooling
is not satisfied
(shut
high
transducer
start up.
then outdoor
fan cycling
response
too
on to allow
the compressor
for the remainder
condition
pressure
low ambient
with
is
is too high or if outdoor
(Fan
trip occurs,
off for 10 minutes,
Board
temperature
the high side pressure
refrigerant system to stabilize)
• Low pressure
indication
by the suction
generate
to stabilize.)
when
fan has been OFF
continues
is too
fan has been ON for 30 minutes.
off to allow refrigerant
is
(+80°F/26.7°C),
pressure
mode operates
outdoor
55 ° F/12.7 ° C), the saturated
OAT. Fan will cycle based
• Fan
Speed
cycle.
If the
within
10 minutes,
then
cooling
operation
and
LP trip error) will occur.
Defrost
Utility Interface With Infinity Control
The utility
connections
curtailment
relay should
on the control
board
be wired
between
for this Infinity
UTIL
and C
Communicating
System (see Fig. 19). This input allows a power utility device to
interrupt compressor
operation during peak load periods. When the
utility sends a signal to shut the system down, the User Interface
will display, "Curtailment
for setup details.
Communication
Active".
See UI installation
and Status Function
Infinity
Control_
Green Communications
A green
indicates
LED (COMM
light) on the outdoor
successful
communication
with
instructions
Lights
(COMM)Light
board (see Fig. 11)
the other
system
products. The green LED will remain OFF until conmmnication
is
established.
Once a valid command is received, the green LED will
turn ON continuously.
If no conmmnication
is received within 2
minutes,
the
communication.
LED
will
be
turned
OFF
until
the
next
valid
This user interface (UI) offers 5 possible defrost interval
60, 90, 120 minutes, or AUTO.
The default is AUTO.
Defrost
interval
selected
used.)
by the Infinity
times: 30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes
AUTO
defrost
defrost adjusts
time as follows:
Control
User Interface
the defrost
interval
times: 30,
or AUTO
(dip switches
time based
the next defrost
on the last
• When defrost
minutes.
time <3 minutes,
• When defrost
minutes.
time 3-5 minutes,
the next defrost
interval=90
• When defrost
minutes.
time 5-7 minutes,
the next defrost
interval=60
• When defrost
minutes.
time >7 minutes,
the next defrost
are
are not
interval=120
interval=30
Thecontrolboardaccumulates
compressor
run time.
As
the
accumulated
run time approaches
the selected defrost interval time,
the control board monitors the coil temperature
sensor for a defrost
demand. If a defrost demand exists, a defrost cycle will be initiated
at the end of the selected time interval. A defrost demand exists
when the coil temperature
is at or below 32°F (0°C) for 4 minutes
during the interval. If the coil temperature
does not reach 32°F
(0°C)
over.
within
the interval,
the interval
timer will be reset and start
• Upon initial power up the first defrost interval
minutes.
Remaining
• Defrost
ambient
are at selected
times.
to occur below 50°F
(10°C)
cycle is terminated
as described
outdoor
coil temperature
defrost
will terminate
has passed.
NOTE:
Compressor
conditions.
Charge
Factory
speed
during defrost
varies
based
will turn
on outdoor
ensures
Charge
in CHARGING
amount
mode
and desired
subcooling
are shown
in the
user interface (UI). To properly check or adjust charge, conditions
must be favorable
for subcooling
charging
in cooling
mode.
Favorable
conditions
exist
when
the
outdoor
temperature
is
between
65°F and 100°F
(18°C
and 38°C),
and the indoor
temperature
is between
70°F and 80°F (21°C and 27°C). If the
temperatures
are outside of these ranges, weigh-in
charge only. If
confirmation
is needed return and check subcooling
when the
temperatures
are within
the desired
range.
Charging
Procedure:
Unit is factory charged for 15ft (4.57 m) of
lineset and for smaller rated indoor
coil combinations.
If any
refrigerant charge adjustment
is required based on the indoor coil
combination
you select and the line set length you input, the UI
will calculate and display the target subcooling
and the amount of
additional
charge to be added. Therefore
UI is your source of
information
for charging
the system
correctly.
Refrigerant
charge
adjustment amount for adding or removing 0.6 oz/ft (17.74 g/m) of
3/8 liquid line above or below 15fl (4.57 m) respectively,
and an
additional
amount of refrigerant
charge adjustment
(2 lbs) for a
large ID coil if required, is calculated and displayed by the UI.
Perform
a final
between
65°F (18°C)
and 100°F (38°C).
NOTE:
UI indicates
acceptable
Do not charge
temperature.
If the range
charge
check
if outside
65°F
only
when
and
if outside
and 100°F
OD is
of this range.
(38°C)
outdoor
is acceptable,
(UI).
the charge
slowly
such as
Watsco
adding
damage
and allows the subcooling
to
80°F (26.67°C),
and the
range, adjust system charge
method
as described
above.
temperatures
are in a more
efficiency
Check
In heating
mode, the required
new
installation
range.
This
and reliability.
Heating
Chart
favorable
the outdoor
for line set
should then
The charge
both indoor
Procedure
charging
or complete
method
recharge,
is by weigh-in.
On
refer to the REQUIRED
CHARGE
CALCULATION
screen in the user interface (UI) to
obtain the required charge ac[iustment and/or total charge required.
Use the UI and Heating Check ('harts (Fig. 12 and 13) to check
system operation
during heating mode.
The indoor conditions
must be between 60°F (15.6°C)
and 80°F (26.7°C)
charge.
The outdoor coil must be dry and ice/frost
check for pressure
present.
Use
the Defrost
coil, if present,
agreement
if the outdoor
CHECKOUT
mode
prior to checking
has rain, mist or snow
to remove
the heating
to check the
free. Do not
ice or frost
from
pressures.
To use the Heating Check Chart, the user interface (UI) must be in
CHARGING
mode.
These charts indicate
whether
a correct
relationship
exists between
system
operating
pressure
and air
temperature
entering
indoor and outdoor
units. If pressure
and
temperature
do not match on chart, system refrigerant charge may
not
be
correct.
DO
NOT
USE
CHART
TO
ADJUST
REFRIGERANT
NOTE:
High
high pressure
must
CHARGE.
pressure
is at vapor
service
is taken from liquid service
When
charging
be weighed
(---17.74 g/m).
is necessary
in accordance
of 3/8-in.
valve.
during heating
with unit rating
liquid-line
Add
12 psig if
valve.
above
season,
plate,
or below
charge
---0.6 oz./ft
15 ft (4.57
m)., respectively.
go the CHARGING
screen
in the user
interface (UI). At cooling conditions,
set the user interface (UI) to
check the charge in cooling mode.
Allow system to operate in
cooling mode for the stabilization
period as indicated in the user
interface
of the compressor
maximum
NOTE:
conditions
(18°C)
in cooling
add or remove
If the indoor temperature
is below 70°F (21.11°C),
or
temperature
is not in the favorable range, adjust charge
length above or below 15ft (4.57 m) only. Charge level
be appropriate for the system to achieve rated capacity.
level could then be checked at another time when the
and outdoor
Check
charge
is necessary,
than 0.5 lb per minute) and allow system to operate for
to stabilize before declaring a properly charged system.
by subcooling
At the defrost termination,
the outdoor fan output (ODF)
on 15 seconds before the reversing valve switching.
Step 13 --
(no greater
15 minutes
by weight based on line length and allow the indoor temperature
to
drop to 80°F (26.67°C)
before attempting to check system charge
if OCT is
(+4.4°C).
• Or 10 minutes
If any adjustment
If the indoor
temperature
is above
outdoor temperature
is in the favorable
if outdoor
> 50°F (+I0°C).
OAT _< 35°F (+1.7°C),
>45°F
below.
defrost terminates
interface
(UI), check the system
charge by
Compare the subcooling
taken at the liquid
service valve to the subcooling
target (LiqLin SC TGT) listed on
the charging screen.
Add refrigerant
if the subcooling
is low and
remove charge if subcooling
is high. Tolerance should be -2°F.
of liquid slugging
stabilize quicker.
OAT is > 35°F (+1.67°C),
• When
the user
method.
The use of a commercial
charge metering device (restrictor)
Imperial
liquid
low side charger
model
535-C
or
ChargeFaster
model
CH200
is recommended
when
refrigerant to an operating system.
This prevents potential
to 30
temperature.
The defrost
• When
intervals
is only allowed
is defaulted
stable by
subcooling
Once
conditions
are
indicated
as favorable
NOTE:
In heating mode, check
user interface
is in CHARGING
refrigerant pressures only when
mode and indicates
stable. If
charge
and weigh-in
is in doubt,
refrigerant
and
10
charge.
remove
charge
correct calculated
Charging In Cooling M0de- 25VNA048/060
See user interface set #1 Charging Mode
Heating Check Chart - 25VNA048/060
For use in Heating Charging Mode orgy
Al1140
25VNA024/036
OD DB
(°F)
Heating
Pressure
check Cha_
Indoor Temperature
70
60
25VNA048/060
(°F)
60
Low
121
High
360
Low
120
High
407
Low
121
50
40
293
277
99
87
333
307
100
80
300
360
30
257
69
288
65
20
242
57
281
60
10
232
50
263
0
218
42
253
Pressure
Step 14 -- Pumpdown
Check
(°F)
Heating
Pressure
Indoor
OD DB
80
High
324
Fig. 12 - Heating
Al1141
(Psig)
60
check
Temperature
70
Chaff (Psig)
(°F)
80
60
High
324
Low
121
High
360
Low
120
High
407
Low
121
102
88
50
40
293
277
99
87
333
307
100
80
380
360
102
88
333
69
30
257
69
288
65
333
69
320
60
20
242
57
281
60
320
60
47
306
50
10
232
50
263
47
306
50
43
288
42
0
218
42
253
43
288
42
Chart
25VNA024/036
& Evacuation
If this system requires either a Pump Down or Evacuation for any
reason, the procedures below must be followed:
Pump Down
Because this system has an inverter controlled, compressor, suction
pressure transducer and EXV, conventional procedure cannot be
used to "pump down" and isolate the refrigerant into the outdoor
unit. The UI (User Interface) has provisions to assist in performing
this function.
1. Connect gages to 25VNA liquid and vapor or suction capillary service ports to monitor operating pressures during and
at completion of the procedure.
Fig. 13 - Heating
Evacuation
25VNA
Chart 25VNA048/060
and Recovery
of Refrigerant
from
within
Because this system has an EXV for the heating expansion device,
additional steps must be taken to open the EXV if the heat pump
unit must be evacuated for service reasons. If the EXV is not open
when pulling a vacuum or recovering refrigerant from the heat
pump unit, extended evacuation time may be required and/or
inadequate vacuum obtained.
The UI (User Interface) has
provisions to open the EXV for refrigerant recovery and/or
evacuation.
1. Connect gages to 25VNA liquid and vapor or suction capillary service ports to monitor operating pressures during and
at completion of the procedure. Attach recovery system or
vacuum pump to gage set as needed for the service procedure. The service valves must be open to evacuate the unit
through the line set service ports. The suction capillary service port is a direct connection to the suction port of the
compressor.
2. In the advanced menu of the UI, go to Checkout > Heat
Pump> > Evacuation.
3. Set desired time period. Default time period for the procedure is 120 minutes.
3. Select mode to pump down in (COOL or HEAT), COOL
mode allows refrigerant to be isolated in outdoor unit.
HEAT mode allows the refrigerant to be isolated in indoor
coil and lineset. Set desired time period. Default time period for the procedure is 120 minutes.
4. Select Start on UI to begin the pumpdown process. Unit
will begin running in selected mode after a brief delay.
5. Close the liquid service valve.
9. Remove power from indoor and heat pump unit prior to servicing unit.
Check
NOTE: A small quantity of charge remains in the OD unit that
must be manually recovered if isolating refrigerant to indoor coil
and lineset via HEAT mode PUMP DOWN.
2. In the advanced menu of the UI, go to Checkout > Heat
Pump> Pumpdown
6. The unit will run in selected mode with the low pressure
protection set to indicate pumpdown is complete when the
suction pressure drops below 0 psig. Compressor protections are still active to prevent damage to the compressor or
inverter (high pressure, high current, high torque, scroll
temperature, etc.).
7. Once system indicates pumpdown complete or failure to
complete shutdown, close vapor service valve.
8. If pumpdown does not complete due to compressor safety
shutdown, a recovery system will be required to remove final quantity of refrigerant from indoor coil and line set.
Pressure
4. Select START on UI to open the valve.
5. Begin evacuation or refrigerant recovery as required for the
procedure after UI indicates the EXV is open. Power may
be removed from heat pump after the UI indicates "READY
TO EVACUATE."
6. Remove power from indoor and heat pump unit prior to servicing unit. The EXV will retain the open position.
NOTE:
See service training materials for troubleshooting the
EXV using EXV CHECK mode.
11
MAJOR
Variable
COMPONENTS
speed Control
Compressor
Control Contactor
The contactor has a 24 volt coil. The electronic control board
controls the operation of the contactor.
Board
The HP control board controls the following functions:
• Compressor speed
TROUBLESHOOTING
• Contactor operation
Systems
• Outdoor fan motor operation
If conmmnication
• Reversing valve operation
Interface (UI), the control will flash the appropriate
fault code (see
Table 7). Check the wiring to the User Interface and the indoor and
outdoor units and power.
• Defrost operation
• Low ambient cooling
Model
• Crankcase heater operation
Each
• Pressure switch monitoring
Communication
with
Failure
the Infinity
control
is lost with
the User
Plu_
control board
must be installed
• Time Delays
• .Pressure Transducer
contains
a model
for the system
plug. The correct model
to operate
Table 3 - Model
properly
Plug Information
PIN RESISTANCE
(K-ohms)
MODEL
NUMBER
MODEL PLUG
NUMBER
Inverter
25VNA024
HK7OEZO01
5.1K
11K
The inverter is located inside the control box. This is an air-cooled
device that communicates with the control board and drives the
compressor to the demanded RPM. When the contactor closes, it
powers the inverter with line voltage. The inverter changes the line
voltage to 410 volts DC 3-phase, and varies the frequency to drive
the compressor at the desired RPM.
NOTE: Manually closing the contactor will not cause the unit to
operate. The unit must be operated with an Infinity Control. A
standard thermostat will allow operation only in the emergency
mode (high speed heating or cooling).
25VNA036
HK7OEZO02
5.1K
18K
25VNA048
HK7OEZO03
5.1K
24K
25VNA060
HK7OEZO04
5.1K
33K
• .EXV operation control
• .Inverter communication
Variable
Speed
and control
Pins 1-4
Compressor
This unit contains a variable speed compressor that has a wide
operating range. It operates on 410vdc provided by the inverter.
This compressor can only be operated by the specific inverter
supplied with the unit.
EQUIPMENT
Failure
to follow
and/or
improper
DAMAGE
HAZARD
this caution
may result in equipment
operation.
Do not attempt
to apply
compressor.
This will destroy
line voltage
directly
the compressor.
to
the
Pins 2-3
The model plug is used to identify the type and size of unit to the
control.
On new units, the model and serial numbers are input into the
board's memory at the factory. If a model plug is lost or nfissing at
initial installation, the unit will operate according to the
information input at the factory and the appropriate error code will
flash temporarily. An RCD replacement board contains no model
and serial information. If the factory control board fails, the model
plug must be transferred from the original board to the replacement
board for the unit to operate.
NOTE:
The model plug takes priority over factory model
information input at the factory. If the model plug is removed after
initial power up, the unit will operate according to the last valid
model plug installed, and flash the appropriate fault code
temporarily.
Pressure
damage
plug
(see Table 3).
Switch
Protection
The outdoor unit is equipped with high pressure switch. If the
control senses the opening of a high pressure switch, it will
respond as follows:
1. De-energize the contactor.
2. Keep the outdoor fan operating for 15 nfinutes.
Electronic
Expansion
3. Display the appropriate fault code (see Table 7).
4. After a 15 nfinute delay, if there is a call for cooling or heating and HPS is reset, the contactor is energized.
Valve (EXV)
This unit uses an electronic expansion valve for refrigerant
metering in the heating mode. The control board drives the EXV to
its proper position based on the operating mode and conditions.
The Infinity Control Service mode allows for manual opening and
closing of the EXV for troubleshooting and pump down.
Field control Connections
For normal operation use the ABCD Infinity connections only.
Only two wires, AB are required. See Fig. 18. Discrete inputs (Y,C,
O) are available for emergency operation if the Infinity Bus is not
in operation.
Pressure
Transducer
(SPT)
A 5 VDC output low pressure transducer that provides a 0-5 VDC
data for interpretation by the control board for a 0 to 200 psig
range of pressure at the suction tube. This interpreted pressure data
is then intelligently used by the control board for low pressure
cut-out, loss of charge management, compressor overall envelope
management, oil circulation management, lubrication management
and EXV control. (See Fig. 17.)
5. If HPS has not closed after a 15 nfinute delay, the outdoor
fan is turned off. If the open switch closes anytime after the
15 nfinute delay, then resume operation with a call for cooling or heating at a temporary reduced capacity.
6. If HPS trips 3 consecutive
locked out for 4 hours.
cycles, the unit operation is
7. In the event of a high-pressure switch trip or high-pressure
lockout, check the refrigerant charge, outdoor fan operation,
and outdoor coil (in cooling) for airflow restrictions, or indoor airflow in heating.
8. In the event of a low-pressure trip or low-pressure lockout,
check the refrigerant charge and indoor airflow (cooling)
and outdoor fan operation and outdoor coil in heating.
Control Fault
If the outdoor unit control board has failed, the control will flash
the appropriate fault code (see Table 7). The control board should
be replaced.
12
Brown- Out Protection
-> 10°F (-> 5.6°C)
If the line voltage is less than 187v for at least 4 seconds, the
contactor
and fan relay are de-energized.
Compressor
and fan
operation are not allowed until voltage is a nfininmm of 190v. The
of range.
control
will flash the appropriate
fault code (see Table 7).
If there is no 230v at the contactor when the indoor unit is powered
with a cooling or heating demand,
the appropriate
fault code is
displayed.
Verify the disconnect
is closed and 230v wiring
is
connected to the unit.
Inverter Voltage Sensin_
senses
the presence
If the sensors are out of range, the control
fault code as shown in Table 7.
The thermistor comparisons
cooling or defrost operation.
230V Line (Power Disconnect) Detection
The control board
or absence of 230 V through
Failed
Thermistor
Factory
defaults
outdoor
(OCT).
air
Defrost
energized and voltage
de-energized.
allowed.
operation,
Temperature
Thermistors
temperature
not be present
is
Thermistors
are electronic devices which sense temperature. As the
increases,
the resistance
decreases.
Thermistors
are
used to sense outdoor
air (OAT),
suction line thermistor
and the accumulator.
(OST)
Refer
when the contactor
to
Table
4
and
coil temperature
located
Fig.
14
between
for
(OCT)
and the
the reversing
resistance
values
valve
been
during
low ambient
Operation
provided
(OAT)
in the event
and/or
outdoor
of failure
coil
of
thermistor
will be initiated
If the OCT
sensor
based
should
on coil temperature
fail, low
ambient
and time.
cooling
Defrost will occur at each time interval
but will terminate after 5 minutes.
will
during
not be
heating
If there is a thermistor
out-of-range
error, defrost will occur at
each time interval during heating operation, but will terminate after
5 minutes.
Count
the
number
of short
appropriate
flash code.
related to each error.
Table
and
long
flashes
7 gives possible
to determine
causes
the
and actions
versus
Outdoor Coil Thermistor
temperature.
Table
have
are out
will flash the appropriate
are not performed
Default
thermistor
the sensors
If the OAT sensor should fail, low ambient cooling will not be
allowed and the one-minute
outdoor fan off delay will not occur.
the feedback from inverter. The control monitors the high voltage
to the inverter. Voltage should be present anytime the contactor is
should
cooler than the coil sensor,
4 - Resistance
0.0° C (32.0
-28.0°C
The outdoor coil thermistor is a 10Kohm resistor used for nmltiple
system operations.
It provides the coil/liquid
line temperature
to
Values versus Temperature
TEMPERATURE
25.0°C (77.0° F)
RESISTANCE (ohms)
10.0 +/- 2.3%
32.6 +
° F)
/ -
the heat pump board and user interface.
Low ambient operation,
defrost
initiation,
defrost termination
and assistance
with OAT
3.2%
temperature
measurement
of some of the functions.
The sensor
must be securely mounted to the tube connecting
the EXV and
distributor.
See Fig. 15 for proper placement.
See Table 4 for
85.5 +/- 3.4%
(-18.4 ° F)
THERMISTOR
CURVE
proper
resistances.
OATThermistor must be
locked in place with
spherical nib end facing
towards the front of the
90,
20
40
80
80
100
120
TEMPERATURE(DEG._
A91431
Fig. 14 - Thermistor
Resistance
f
---
Versus Temperature
_
.....
/1
Al1142
If the outdoor
air or coil thermistor
flash the appropriate
IMPORTANT:
suction
locations.
Check
fail, the control
will
Fig. 15 - OAT Thermistor
Location
(Bottom
of Control
Box)
fault code (see Table 7.)
The outdoor
thermistor
should
should
air thermistor,
be factory
to ensure
coil thermistor
mounted
thermistors
and
in the final
are mounted
properly
(See Fig. 15, 16 and 17).
Thermistor
The control
Sensor
Comparison
continuously
monitors
and compares
temperature
sensor and outdoor coil temperature
proper operating conditions.
The comparison
is:
• In cooling
warmer
if the outdoor
air sensor
indicates
than the coil sensor (or) the outdoor
-> 20 °F (-> 11 ° C) cooler than the coil sensor,
the outdoor
sensor
air
to ensure
-> 10 °F
(->5.6 ° C)
air sensor
indicates
the sensors
are out
Al1143
of range.
Fig. 16 - Outdoor
• In heating
warmer
if the outdoor
air sensor
indicates
than the coil sensor (or) the outdoor
(On Distributor
-> 35 °F (-> 19.4 ° C)
air sensor
Coil Thermistor
indicates
13
(OCT)
Tube)
Attachment
ECM Fan Motor
PRESSURETRANSDUCER(SPT)
ACCUMULATOR
TUBE
If verification
of proper operation is required
used in this unit, follow these steps:
1. Verify that the 230v
SUCTION
input to the transformer
2. Verify that the control
from the transformer.
THERMISTOR
board
3. With the UI in charging
voltage
REVERSING
between
VALVE
SERVICE
VALVE
Al1103
Fig. 17 - Suction
Thermistor
(On Suction
Suction
Thermistor
Suction
Thernfistor
is powered
mode in cooling,
the PWM
(OST)
Attachment
1 and PWM
is present.
measure
the DC
2 terminals
and PWM
on the
Voltage
8.9 VDC
PWM
52
4T and 5T
11.1 VDC
84
Status
Codes
as flashed
(OST)
control
and must
be secured on the suction tube and aligned longitudinally
vertical surface of the tube axis (see Fig. 17).
to the
The
(option-
Measurement
Terminals
2T and 3T
Table 7 shows the status codes flashed
Most system problems can be diagnosed
Tube)
is used for assisting in EXV
6 - DC Voltage
motor
18 volts to 30 volts
outdoor control board. The DC voltage and PWM
al) measured nmst be as shown in Table 6.
Table
SUCTION
for the ECM
by the amber status light.
by reading the status code
by the amber status light on the control
codes
are flashed
by a series
board.
of short and long flashes
of the
status light. The short flashes indicate the first digit in the status
code, followed by long flashes indicating
the second digit of the
error code.
The short flash is 0.25 seconds ON and the long flash is 1.0 second
ON. Time between flashes is 0.25 seconds.
Time between short
UNIT
DAMAGE
Failure
damage
flash and first long flash is 1.0 second.
repeating is 2.5 seconds with LED OFF.
HAZARD
to follow this caution
or improper operation.
may
result
in equipment
Codes are easily read from user interface
EXAMPLE:
In order to nfininfize the ambient influence, make sure the
thernfistor
curved surface
hugs the pipe surface
and is
secured tight using the wire tie fished through the original
slot insulating
polymer
3 short
flashes
Table 7 shows
User Interface
followed
by 2 long
this to be low pressure
(U[)
Furnace
Time
between
code
(UI)
flashes
indicates
a 32 code.
switch open.
or Fan Coil
25VNA
HP
body.
,m_Hm
Variable
Speed
Compressor
This compressor
Correct resistance
Sensor
Output
is 10k at 77°F
thermistor terminal
(25°C).
Correct
resistance
between
and common is 5k at 77 °F (25 o C).
Variable Speed Compressor
operates
variable
to the three fusite terminals.
Table
,m
5 - Variable
with a 3-phase
Speed
.......
I t_ I,,= =
i
A _='=
CandD
motor
Power Input Terminals
This compressor
voltage
Terminals
has a motor thermistor
and a scroll thermistor.
between scroll thermistor terminal and common
variable
Compressor
frequency
PWM
Resistances
Humidifier
(winding
WINDING
resistance
at 70°F 4- 20°F)
25VNA024
25VNA048
25VNA036
25VNA060
Between terminals
T1, T2, and T3
.681
.203
Between terminal &
ground
>1 mega OHM
>1 mega OHM
t,===,l
,_11©
i
Al1144
Fig. 18 - Infinity Furnace or Fan Coil Wiring with
Communicating
Variable Speed HP
Emergency
Mode Connections
Dual Fuel Thermostat
[]NIT
DAMAGE
HAZARD
Failure
to follow
this caution
and/or
improper
may result in equipment
damage
operation.
Do not use Meggar
for measuring
the winding
resistance.
with a Conventional
In an emergency, it is possible to replace the UI with a
conventional heat pump thermostat (nmst be dual fuel capable if
using a furnace), see Fig. 21 for wiring. However, this emergency
mode operation is linfited to a single, maximum compressor speed
in heating and a single maximum cooling speed.
14
t
i
i
.......
i
i
; ._1..... ,,
Utili:cy Interface*
* FROM UTILITY
PROVIDER
Al1381
Fig. 19 - Variable Speed Control Board
with optional Utility Relay
t
_
.....,
LLS
i
r ....
.i
Al1379
Fig. 20 - Variable
Speed
Control
Board
connected
15
to optional
Liquid
Line Solenoid.
Fan Coi:I
OF
25VHA
Thenl_ostat
m
UT
m
mE
C
mM
"-
LS
O
O
Al1382
Fig. 21 - Variable
Speed
Unit Connected
to a Conventional
16
Dual Fuel Thermostat
in an Emergency
Mode
Table 7 - Troubleshooting
FLASH CODE
(AMBER LED)
RESET TIME
(minutes)
--
Standby
ON, no flash
- -
Variable Capacity or Emergency
Mode
1, pause
FAULT DESCRIPTION
SENT TO Ul
Variable Speed Range Cutback
Communications
Loss
Invalid Model
High Pressure
Switch Open
1 (2 sec ON), longer pause
second OFF)
16
NA
25
NA
31
15
32
15
45
NA
Brownout
46
Revert to 5 min cycle delay
Lost Inverter
48
Revert to 5 min cycle delay
Event
49
Revert to 5 min cycle delay
Outdoor Air Temp Sensor Fault
53
NA
Suction Temp Sensor Fault
54
15
Coil Temp Sensor Fault
55
NA
Low Pressure
Control
Trip
Fault
Communications
230VAC Dropout-Reset
OAT-OCT
Thermistor
Suction Pressure
OAT-OST
56
NA
Fault
57
15
Out of range
58
5
Out of range
Sensor
Thermistor
Compressor
Scroll Temp Out of Range
59
15
Compressor
Sump Heating Active
68
2 HOURS
69
15
71
15
Suction Over Temperature
72
15
Inverter Temp Out of Range Event
75
15
Inverter
77
15
79
15
Inverter / Compressor
Compressor
Internal
Fault
Motor Temp Out of Range
Over Current
Compressor
No-Pump
Event
Suction Over Temp Lockout
82
4 Hours
Low Pressure
Lockout for 4 hours
83
4 HOURS
High Pressure
Lockout for 4 hours
84
4 HOURS
4 HOURS
Compressor
Temp Lockout
85
Compressor
Temp Sensor Fault
86
15
Inverter Temp Lockout
88
4 HOURS
Inverter VDC-Out
91
15
Inverter VDC- Out Under Voltage
92
15
230VAC Under Voltage
93
15
230VAC Over Voltage
94
15
High Current
95
2 HOURS
96
2 HOURS
97
2 HOURS
Over Voltage
Lockout
VDC Under Voltage
VDC Over Voltage
Lockout
Lockout
High Torque Event
98
10
High Torque Lockout
99
2 HOURS
OFF
NA
--
17
(1
FINAL
IMPORTANT:
CHECKS
IMPORTANT:
Before
CARE
leaving
job,
be
For
1. Ensure that all wiring is routed away from tubing
and sheet metal edges to prevent rub-through
or
that all wiring
3. Tighten service
finger tight.
and tubing
is secure
in unit
and covers.
Securely
fasten
valve stem caps to 1/12-turn
performance
and
to
minimize
maintenance
must be
Frequency
of maintenance
may vary depending
geographic
areas, such
as coastal
applications.
Owner's Manual for information.
wire pinching.
before adding panels
all panels and covers.
high
MAINTENANCE
possible equipment
failure, periodic
performed
on this equipment.
sure to do the following:
2. Ensure
continuing
AND
upon
See
past
4. Leave Users Manual with owner. Explain system
operation
and periodic maintenance
requirements
outlined in manual.
5. Fill out Dealer
customer file.
Installation
Checklist
PURON®
• Puron
refrigerant
components
• Puron
are designed
refrigerant
• Recovery
• Puron
operates
cylinder
when charging
• Manifold
(R-410A)
at 50-70
to operate
cylinders
service
refrigerant
systems
• Leak detectors
percent
higher
with Puron
pumps
pressures
pressure
should
pressure
will not remove
refrigerant
moisture
equipment
and replacement
or DOT BW400.
Use a commercial
type metering
device
in the manifold
hose
retard.
rating.
to detect HFC refrigerant.
moisture
suction
with POE oils.
from oil.
pressures
line filter driers
less than 600 psig.
in line longer
than 72 hours.
filter drier in liquid-line.
rapidly.
• POE oils may cause damage
Do not expose
oil to atmosphere.
to certain plastics and roofing
• Wrap all filter driers
and service
valves
• A factory-approved
liquid-line
filter drier is required
• Do NOT use an R-22
GUIDE
operating.
filter driers with rated working
• Do not install a suction-line
• If indoor
Be sure that servicing
rating must be 400 psig, DOT 4BA400
be charged with liquid refrigerant.
be designed
• Do not use liquid-line
• POE oils absorb
than R-22.
REFERENCE
refrigerant.
as with other HFCs, is only compatible
• Do not leave Puron
QUICK
be 700 psig high side and 180 psig low side with 550 psig low-side
should
refrigerant,
• Vacuum
REFRIGERANT
into suction line with compressor
sets should
in
are rose colored.
• Use hoses with 700 psig service
• Puron
and place
materials.
with wet cloth when brazing.
on every unit.
TXV.
unit is equipped
with an R-22
TXV or piston metering
device, it must be changed
to a hard-shutoff
Puron refrigerant
TXV.
• Never open system
• When system
driers. Evacuate
to atmosphere
must be opened
refrigerant
• Do not use capillary
• Observe
Copyright
reserves
refrigerant,
evacuate
then break vacuum
with dry nitrogen
and replace
filter
prior to recharging.
into the atmosphere.
cautions,
coils must be installed
2011 Carrier Corp. * 7310 W. Morris
Manufacturer
recover
a vacuum.
tube coils.
all warnings,
• All indoor
for service,
to 500 microns
• Do not vent Puron
while it is under
the right to change,
and bold text.
with a hard-shutoff
St. * Indianapolis,
Puron
IN 46231
at any time, specification8
and design8
Printed
without
refrigerant
TXV metering
in U.S.A.
Edition
Date: 07/11
notice and without
obligations,
18
device.
Catalog No: 25VNA-3SI
Replaces:
25VNA-
2Sl