VAL Avionics NAV 2000 User guide

SkyView
Pilot’s User Guide
This product is not TSO’d and cannot be installed into traditional FAA Part 23 and similarly typecertificated aircraft.
Document 101321-016, Revision Q
For use with firmware version 10.0
March, 2014
Copyright © 2009-2014 by Dynon Avionics, Inc.
Permission to print this manual is granted to third parties
Contact Information
Dynon Avionics, Inc.
st
19825 141 Place NE
Woodinville, WA 98072
Phone: (425) 402-0433 - 8:00 AM – 5:00 PM (Pacific Time) Monday – Friday
Dynon Technical Support available 7:00 AM–4:00 PM (Pacific Time) Monday – Friday
Email: support@dynonavionics.com
Fax: (425) 984-1751
Dynon Avionics offers online sales, extensive support, and frequently updated information on its products via its
Internet sites:
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www.dynonavionics.com – Dynon Avionics primary web site; including:
docs.dynonavionics.com – Current and archival documentation.
downloads.dynonavionics.com – Software downloads.
support.dynonavionics.com – Support resources.
store.dynonavionics.com – Dynon’s secure online store for purchasing all Dynon products 24 hours a day.
wiki.dynonavionics.com – Dynon’s Documentation Wiki provides enhanced, extended, and frequently updated
online documentation contributed by Dynon employees and customers.
forum.dynonavionics.com Dynon’s Internet forum where Dynon customers can interact with each other and
Dynon Avionics. A key feature of the forum is that it allows the exchange of diagrams, photos, and other types
of files.
newsletter.dynonavionics.com – Dynon’s email newsletter.
preflight.dynonavionics.com – A collection of educational articles, tips, news, and “behind the panel”
information about Dynon and its products.
register.dynonavionics.com – Register your Dynon Avionics product.
license.dynonavionics.com – Redeem certificates for Navigation Mapping Software, Synthetic Vision, and
other features for license codes that add new functionality to your SkyView system.
Copyright
 2008-2014 Dynon Avionics, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this manual may be reproduced, copied, transmitted, disseminated or stored in
any storage medium, for any purpose without the express written permission of Dynon Avionics. Dynon Avionics hereby grants permission to
download a single copy of this manual and of any revision to this manual onto a hard drive or other electronic storage medium to be viewed for
personal use, provided that such electronic or printed copy of this manual or revision must contain the complete text of this copyright notice
and provided further that any unauthorized commercial distribution of this manual or any revision hereto is strictly prohibited.
Information in this document is subject to change without notice. Dynon Avionics reserves the right to change or improve its products and to
make changes in the content without obligation to notify any person or organization of such changes. Visit the Dynon Avionics website
(www.dynonavionics.com) for current updates and supplemental information concerning the use and operation of this and other Dynon
Avionics products.
Limited Warranty
Dynon Avionics warrants this product to be free from defects in materials and workmanship for three years from date of shipment. Dynon
Avionics will, at its sole option, repair or replace any components that fail in normal use. Such repairs or replacement will be made at no charge
to the customer for parts or labor performed by Dynon Avionics. The customer is, however, responsible for any transportation cost and any
costs that are incurred while removing, reinstalling, or troubleshooting the product. This warranty does not cover failures due to abuse, misuse,
accident, improper installation or unauthorized alteration or repairs.
THE WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES CONTAINED HEREIN ARE EXCLUSIVE, AND IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED,
INCLUDING ANY LIABILITY ARISING UNDER WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, STATUTORY OR
OTHERWISE. THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, WHICH MAY VARY FROM STATE TO STATE AND IN COUNTRIES OTHER THAN
THE USA.
IN NO EVENT SHALL DYNON AVIONICS BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, WHETHER
RESULTING FROM THE USE, MISUSE OR INABILITY TO USE THIS PRODUCT OR FROM DEFECTS IN THE PRODUCT. SOME STATES AND COUNTRIES
DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OF INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SO THE ABOVE LIMITATIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
Dynon Avionics retains the exclusive right to repair or replace the instrument or firmware or offer a full refund of the purchase price at its sole
discretion. SUCH REMEDY SHALL BE YOUR SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY FOR ANY BREACH OF WARRANTY.
These instruments are not intended for use in type certificated aircraft at this time. Dynon Avionics makes no claim as to the suitability of its
products in connection with FAR 91.205.
Dynon Avionics’ products incorporate a variety of precise, sensitive electronics. SkyView products do not contain any field/user-serviceable
parts. Units found to have been taken apart may not be eligible for repair under warranty. Additionally, once a Dynon Avionics unit is opened
up, it is not considered airworthy and must be serviced at the factory.
iv
SkyView Pilot’s User Guide
Revision History
Revision
Revision Date
A
December 2009
Description
Initial release
Document number changed to 101321-001.
Minor style, grammar, and cross reference changes and corrections.
Added information regarding Autopilot servos in applicable sections.
Addressed screen synchronization in applicable sections.
SV-D700 and SV-D1000 Operation Chapter updates:
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B
March 2010
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Added the Menu Navigation Section
Clarified the How to Turn the System On or Off Section
Expanded the How to Manually Adjust the Backlight Brightness or Dim Level
Section
Expanded the How to Enter the Joystick Function Menu Section
Added the How to Check Installed Database Statuses Section
Added the How to Configure the Top Bar Section
PFD Operation Chapter updates:
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Added the ADAHRS Source Section
Added the GPS Source Section
Added “push to synchronize” instructions for applicable bugs
Moving Map Operation Chapter updates:
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Added an important note regarding Moving Map requirements
Added the GPS Source Section
Added the Terrain Data Section
Added the Aviation Data Section
Corrected the Onscreen Alerts Section in the Alerts Chapter.
Document number changed to 101321-002.
Minor style and grammar changes and corrections.
C
May 2010
Updated the guide to include HSI operation information.
Updated the guide to include Autopilot operation information.
Updated the guide with more Moving Map content.
Document number changed to 101321-003.
Clarified intended use of Synthetic Vision.
Added information about Synthetic Vision depictions of runways and obstacles.
D
June 2010
Added EMS menu, lean mode, engine timers, and fuel computer information.
Clarified map Magnetic North pointer.
Added Navigation Mapping Software information.
Added Trial Navigation Mapping Software information and operation instructions.
Added external alarm light behavior.
SkyView Pilot’s User Guide - Revision Q
v
Revision
Revision Date
Description
Added information about User Waypoint power user feature that is fully documented on
wiki web page.
Added information about menu changes that may be present in SLSA and other aircraft
that SkyView is integrated into as an OEM component.
E
October 2010
Added transponder operation information and specifications.
Added traffic display information for both MAP and PFD pages.
Added a better description of the combined EGT/CHT gauge.
Added Synthetic Vision licensing information.
Added Navigation Mapping Software Licensing and updated operation information.
Revision F skipped to obtain version parity between Installation Guide and Pilot’s User
Guide.
Added description of GPS Steering control of Autopilot.
Pitch Trim Indicator behavior and performance expectations clarified.
G
March 2011
Added servo weights.
Added product registration information.
Described improved loss of external power with backup battery connected behavior.
Added information about G Meter.
Added information about new/improved Navigation Mapping Software purchase,
licensing, and operation.
Added description of enabling/disabling extreme pitch warning indicators and Flight Path
Marker.
Updated screen layout button labeling and figures
Added information on Flight Planning.
H
May 2011
Updated several of the figures that were no longer valid due to button and screen
changes.
Changes made for new style of heading bug and heading readout.
Screen Hardware changed to Display Hardware.
Added section on autopilot safety features.
Added additional information about airport graphics.
Added additional information to SV-ADAHRS-20X Instruments and Sensors table.
Added description of improved bug window outlining (when selected) and cyan
highlighting (when being adjusted).
Added “Show VOR Directions As” menu item description.
Added Vertical Power VP-X information.
I
September 2011
Clarified SV-BAT-320 charging behavior; Clarified which devices and modules the SV-BAT320 is capable of powering.
Added permission to print the manual.
Added map panning information.
Remove erroneous checkmark in AOA column in winds row in “Instruments and Sensors “
table.
Improved HSI information.
vi
SkyView Pilot’s User Guide
Revision
Revision Date
Description
Clarified that Jeppesen data must be transferred to USB stick via the Jeppesen JSUM
program.
Added PocketFMS information.
Clarified bearing sources and limitations (SBY bearings from some NAV radios and no
availability of bearings from LOCs).
Clarified EMS timers.
J
March 2012
Added special Rotax 912 tachometer and oil temp behavior when configured.
Added altitude alerter information.
Refreshed Messages and Alerts section to reflect feature improvements.
Added Audio Alert information.
Updated map instructions to reflect UI refresh, improved info items support, user
waypoints, and visual reporting points support.
Clarified engaging the Autopilot with the Disengage/CWS Button.
Added information about when airspeed indication comes alive.
K
July 2012
Added SkyView Network redundancy information.
Added ADAHRS cross-checking information.
Updated Navigation Mapping Software to incorporate base map support and airspace
improvements.
Updated Screen Layout Configuration section to add information about display swap
mode and reversion mode.
Added information about DA calculation.
Added engine alert inhibit information.
Added information about normal display artifacts on power on.
Updated recommendation to have servos powered whenever SkyView is powered on.
Added description of take-off position marking for trim widget.
L
December 2012
Added information about attitude rate limit indications.
Rearranged PFD Operation section for better information flow.
Added SV-XPNDR-26X, SV-ADSB-470 information to system overview.
Added ADS-B and Flarm traffic information.
User waypoint altitude information now displayed on their Info pages.
Added information about the AUTO transponder setting when automatic ALT/GND mode
changes are enabled (only available with transponder software version 2.02 or above).
Detailed improvements to ENGINE > FUEL UI.
Added information about weather features and usage via SV-ADSB-470.
Added information about Data Logging.
M
January 2013
Added information about Stadium TFRs.
Added TACAN and Outer Marker symbols.
Clarified information about the AIRSPACES BELOW feature in the Map Menu.
SkyView Pilot’s User Guide - Revision Q
vii
Revision
Revision Date
Description
Added MDA bug information.
Updated PFD Bugs section with new bug names.
Updated information regarding how the Flight Path Marker is displayed.
Revised GPS 0 position source information, now labeled SkyView.
Added Map Trial Mode – Trial Expired description.
Added Map Aviation Database Expired description.
N
June 2013
Added Garmin GTX 330ES transponder support for activating ADS-B traffic.
Revised “Show Airspaces Below” description.
Added Traffic Fail announcement description.
Added Battery status/test information.
Revised Autopilot chapter to reflect new Simplified and Expert Autopilot Control schemes.
Added COM Radio Chapter.
Revised Messages, Alerts, and Audio Alert Details.
Added information about Backup Battery status information and testing capabilities.
Center click can now be used to pull up, set, and sync (by holding) the PFD joystick
functions menus (bugs, baro, crs, etc.).
Added new Up/Down Timers feature.
Added new Fuel Tank Reminder alert.
O
September 2013
Added Geo-referenced Approach/Departure Charts and Airport Diagrams feature for US
Data.
Updated Navigation Mapping Software chapter to reflect refined direct-to and flight
planning behaviors. Minor changes.
Added new Map Pointer selection features.
Clarified new shortcut of using Nose Up and Nose Down buttons to immediately start a
climb/descent from Alt Hold mode in Expert Autopilot.
Added audio alert inhibition upon SkyView startup information.
Added Geo-referenced Approach/Departure Charts and Airport Diagrams feature for
Europe data.
Added procedure for downloading Europe Chart data.
P
November 2013
Added information about ICAO and FAA flight plan codes in the Transponder Operation
section.
Modified procedure chart FOLLOW behavior description (follow mode now default s to on
for airport diagrams).
viii
SkyView Pilot’s User Guide
Revision
Revision Date
Description
Added: Information about SV-INTERCOM-2S
Added: Support for SkyView Touch.
Added: Enroute charts, including VFR, IFR LO and HI. US support via existing Seattle
Avionics Subscriptions at release.
Clarified: GPS assist in Attitude Calculation
Clarified: magnetic heading is not used to aid attitude determination
Added: Support for dual engine monitoring by using two SV-EMS-22X modules.
Added: Support to monitor up to 28 total EGT and/or CHTs by using a second SV-EMS-22X
module.
Clarified: Navigation Mapping Software required to view charts on SkyView
Clarified: SV-COM-C25 product description
Added: Support for SV-KNOB-PANEL dedicated knob control panel.
Added: Support for SV-AP-PANEL dedicated autopilot control panel.
Clarified: Top Bar status area configuration
Added: 60% PFD Screen layout option when paired with 40% Map
Added: Vertical Speed Required to destination Info Item on map and PFD VSI displays the
current VS required to set up at a specified point at or before and above your final
destination waypoint.
Improved: GPS waypoints now displayed in HSI info area for ARINC navigators such as the
GNS and GTN.
Improved: External GPS and nav radios can now be named with a user-configurable 7
character “friendly name” to aid in identifying sources on the HSI display.
Q
March 2014
Moved: Synthetic Vision description within the PFD Chapter
Added: Conventional analog “six-pack” display mode for primary flight instruments.
Changed: PFD menu now includes MODE button to select between EFIS or Analog
presentation and to toggle SynVis on or off
Added: HSI Source Button is duplicated in the Autopilot Menu for convenience.
Added: Support for showing Flight plans from ARINC IFR GPS navigators such as the GNS
and GTN series both on SkyView’s map (including holds and other procedure turns) and
on SkyView’s flight plan display.
Improved: Timer expiration in top bar changed from yellow to white
Improved: All EMS widgets that have assignable color ranges (red/yellow/green/black)
now have additional color options: blue, white, purple, cyan, and orange.
Changed: All EMS timers that formerly had “flight” or “flt” in their names are now called
“air” timers. The underlying behavior of these timers has not changed.
Improved: Fuel Tank Switch Reminder is now based on Flight Time and not engine Run
Time.
Improved: Press and holding knob/joystick center-click from within the FPL menu brings
up the insert waypoint function.
Improved: When the map pointer is selecting a single item, range is still enabled by
turning the map joystick knob (if two or more items are under the pointer, turning the
knob chooses which one is selected).
Improved: Yellow/red terrain alert coloration disabled on the map page when not in
flight.
Fixed: “Show Airspaces Below” feature did not always properly exclude airspaces whose
altitudes were defined by flight levels (primarily in non-US data).
SkyView Pilot’s User Guide - Revision Q
ix
Revision
Revision Date
Description
Added: Support for MGL V6 and V10 Com radios.
Added: Support for the Trig TY91 Com radio.
Added: Support for Val NAV 2000 nav radio.
Improved: Radios such as the Icom A210 that can receive frequencies but do not output
status now need not cause the top bar radio status area to show a “red x”. Added
DISPLAY COM IN TOP BAR option to configure this behavior.
Fixed: Fuel Tank Switch Reminder is now a message, not a caution alert.
Added: Touch Panel Fault Alert
Added: Special alert behavior for Dual Engine monitoring
Added: “Check gear” and “gear overspeed” audio alerts for retractable gear aircraft that
are tied to both landing gear status and airspeeds.
Added: “Gear up for water landing” and “gear down for runway landing” audio alerts for
amphibious aircraft that are annunciated as a selected airspeed is transitioned through.
Q (Cont.)
March 2014
Added: Tail numbers for ADS-B equipped traffic will be shown below traffic targets when
available. Only available for aircraft equipped with Dynon's ADS-B receiver, and will only
be shown for target aircraft that are ADS-B OUT equipped.
Improved: Radios such as the Icom A210 that can receive frequencies but do not output
status now need not cause the top bar radio status area to show a “red x”. Added
DISPLAY COM IN TOP BAR option to configure this behavior.
Fixed: Warning, caution, and message alerts that do not have their own dedicated audio
phrases were not annunciating the generic “warning”, “caution”, and “message” audio
phrases they should have been. This bug is present in SkyView 7.0-7.1. It worked properly
previously and is fixed with 10.0.
Fixed: Items that shouldn’t be appearing on the map per the “map items” zoom/range
declutter settings were appearing when the map was very zoomed in.
New: Support for speed-scheduling of the trim control in the SV-AP-PANEL.
Improved: HSI courses are now remembered for each HSI source. This is especially helpful
when switching between VOR and ILS or GPS and ILS sources.
Table 1–SkyView Pilot's User Guide Revision History
x
SkyView Pilot’s User Guide
Table of Contents
Contact Information ..................................................................................................................................................... iii
Copyright ...................................................................................................................................................................... iii
Limited Warranty .......................................................................................................................................................... iii
Revision History ............................................................................................................................................................. v
1. Introduction
1-1
Before You Fly .............................................................................................................................................................1-1
Warning ......................................................................................................................................................................1-1
Dynon Avionics Product Registration .........................................................................................................................1-1
About this Guide .........................................................................................................................................................1-1
2. System Overview
2-1
SV-D700, SV-D1000 and SV-D1000T ...........................................................................................................................2-1
SV-ADAHRS-20X ..........................................................................................................................................................2-3
SV-EMS-22X ................................................................................................................................................................2-4
SV-GPS-250 .................................................................................................................................................................2-4
SV-BAT-320 Backup Battery ........................................................................................................................................2-4
Autopilot Servos .........................................................................................................................................................2-4
Navigation Mapping Software (SV-MAP-270) ............................................................................................................2-5
SV-XPNDR-26X ............................................................................................................................................................2-5
SV-ADSB-470 ...............................................................................................................................................................2-5
SV-COM-C25 ...............................................................................................................................................................2-5
SV-INTERCOM-2S ........................................................................................................................................................2-5
SV-KNOB-PANEL..........................................................................................................................................................2-5
SV-AP-PANEL...............................................................................................................................................................2-6
3. SV-D700, SV-D1000 and SV-D1000T Operation
3-1
Screen Synchronization ..............................................................................................................................................3-1
Display Bezel Layout ...................................................................................................................................................3-1
Joystick and Button Operation ...................................................................................................................................3-3
Menu Navigation ........................................................................................................................................................3-4
Basic Display Operation Procedures ...........................................................................................................................3-6
Screen Layout Configuration ......................................................................................................................................3-8
Backup Battery Charging and Testing .......................................................................................................................3-10
4. PFD Operation
4-1
PFD Page Layout .........................................................................................................................................................4-1
PFD Symbology ...........................................................................................................................................................4-2
ADAHRS (Flight Instrument) Redundancy and Cross-Checking ................................................................................4-24
PFD Menu .................................................................................................................................................................4-28
Top Bar......................................................................................................................................................................4-30
Up/Down Timers.......................................................................................................................................................4-30
SkyView Knob Control Panel Operation ...................................................................................................................4-31
5. EMS Operation
5-1
Engine Page Layout .....................................................................................................................................................5-1
Rotax 912 Behavior .....................................................................................................................................................5-2
Engine Menu ...............................................................................................................................................................5-3
Timers .........................................................................................................................................................................5-5
Fuel Computer ............................................................................................................................................................5-6
SkyView Pilot’s User Guide - Revision Q
xi
Table of Contents
Dual Engine Monitoring ..............................................................................................................................................5-9
VP-X Operation ...........................................................................................................................................................5-9
6. Transponder Operation
6-1
Transponder Status ....................................................................................................................................................6-1
Transponder Menu .....................................................................................................................................................6-2
Reported Pressure Altitude ........................................................................................................................................6-4
ADS-B OUT Transmissions ..........................................................................................................................................6-4
Flight Plan Codes ........................................................................................................................................................6-5
7. SV-MAP-270 Navigation Mapping Software
7-1
License Information ....................................................................................................................................................7-1
Databases and Charts .................................................................................................................................................7-3
Geo-Referenced Procedure Charts and Airport Diagrams .........................................................................................7-6
GPS Source ................................................................................................................................................................7-11
Moving Map Page Layout .........................................................................................................................................7-12
Moving Map Symbology ...........................................................................................................................................7-13
MAP Menu ................................................................................................................................................................7-32
Navigation Mapping Software Features ...................................................................................................................7-34
Weather and TFR Information ..................................................................................................................................7-63
8. Autopilot Operation
8-1
Autopilot Safety Features ...........................................................................................................................................8-1
Simplified or Expert Controls ......................................................................................................................................8-2
Top Bar Autopilot Status Area ....................................................................................................................................8-2
Other Autopilot Status Information ...........................................................................................................................8-3
Simplified Autopilot Operation and Controls .............................................................................................................8-5
Expert Autopilot Operation and Controls .................................................................................................................8-11
SkyView Autopilot Control Panel Operation.............................................................................................................8-25
9. SkyView Touch (SV-D1000T) Operation
9-1
Menu Operations........................................................................................................................................................9-1
Top Bar Operations .....................................................................................................................................................9-1
PFD Operations ...........................................................................................................................................................9-2
Engine Operations ......................................................................................................................................................9-3
Map Operations ..........................................................................................................................................................9-3
10. COM Radio Operation
10-1
COM Control Panel Overview ...................................................................................................................................10-1
SkyView Top Bar COM Radio Status Overview .........................................................................................................10-2
Using your COM Radio ..............................................................................................................................................10-2
Loading Airports to the SV-COM-C25 .......................................................................................................................10-7
Using the TWR, ATIS, GND, and ATC Buttons .........................................................................................................10-11
Other Status Information .......................................................................................................................................10-11
External Flip/Flop ....................................................................................................................................................10-13
Dual COM Radios ....................................................................................................................................................10-13
11. Messages and Alerts
11-1
Loss of Information ...................................................................................................................................................11-1
Message, Caution, and Warning Alerting System.....................................................................................................11-1
Prompts Requiring Interaction .................................................................................................................................11-4
Audio Alerts ..............................................................................................................................................................11-5
Inhibited Alerts .........................................................................................................................................................11-5
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SkyView Pilot’s User Guide - Revision Q
Table of Contents
Messages, Alerts, and Audio Alert Details ................................................................................................................11-5
12. Appendix A: SkyView System Specifications
12-1
SV-D700, SV-D1000 and SV-D1000T Quick Specifications ........................................................................................12-1
SV-ADAHRS-20X Quick Specifications .......................................................................................................................12-2
SV-ADSB-470 Quick Specifications............................................................................................................................12-2
SV-XPNDR-26X Quick Specifications .........................................................................................................................12-3
SV-ARINC-429 Quick Specifications ..........................................................................................................................12-3
SV-EMS-22X Quick Specifications .............................................................................................................................12-3
SV-GPS-250 Quick Specifications ..............................................................................................................................12-4
SV-BAT-320 Quick Specifications ..............................................................................................................................12-4
SV-COM-C25 Quick Specifications ............................................................................................................................12-5
SV-AP-PANEL Quick Specifications............................................................................................................................12-5
SV-KNOB-PANEL Quick Specifications ......................................................................................................................12-6
Autopilot Servo Quick Specifications ........................................................................................................................12-6
13. Appendix B: License Information
SkyView Pilot’s User Guide - Revision Q
13-1
xiii
1. Introduction
Thank you for purchasing the Dynon Avionics SkyView system. This chapter provides some
important cautionary information and general usage instructions for this guide.
The printed version of this guide is in grayscale. Some figures and diagrams contain important
color information. Reference the electronic version of this guide to view it in color.
Before You Fly
We strongly recommended that you read this entire guide before attempting to use SkyView in
an actual flying situation. Additionally, we encourage you to spend time on the ground
familiarizing yourself with the operation of the system. While first learning to use the system in
the air, we recommend you have a backup pilot with you in the aircraft. Finally, we encourage
you to keep this guide in the aircraft with you at all times. This document is designed to give
you quick access to information that might be needed in flight. In a flying situation, it is the
pilot’s responsibility to use the system and the guide prudently.
Warning
Dynon Avionics’ products incorporate a variety of precise, sensitive electronics. SkyView
products do not contain any field/user-serviceable parts. Units found to have been taken apart
may not be eligible for repair under warranty. Additionally, once a Dynon Avionics unit is
opened up, it is not considered airworthy and must be serviced at the factory.
Dynon Avionics Product Registration
Please take a moment to register your Dynon Avionics SkyView system at
register.dynonavionics.com. Registering your product with Dynon ensures that your contact
information is up-to-date. This helps verify product ownership, can expedite warranty claims,
and allows us to notify you in the event a service bulletin is published for your product. You can
also optionally sign up to receive other Dynon news and product announcements. Dynon will
not share your contact information with third parties or send you announcements without your
explicit consent.
About this Guide
This guide helps you configure and get acquainted with SkyView‘s many functions and
facilitates quick access to vital information. For detailed technical and installation information,
refer to the SkyView System Installation Guide.
In the electronic (.PDF) version of this guide, page and section references in the Table of
Contents and elsewhere act as hyperlinks taking you to the relevant location in the guide. The
latest electronic version (.PDF) of this guide may be downloaded from our website at
docs.dynonavionics.com.
SkyView Pilot’s User Guide - Revision Q
1-1
Introduction
This guide discusses the most common operation scenarios. If you have an operational issue
that is not discussed in this guide, you can find additional operational information on Dynon’s
internet sites:


wiki.dynonavionics.com – Dynon’s Documentation Wiki provides enhanced, extended,
frequently updated online documentation contributed by Dynon employees and
customer
forum.dynonavionics.com – Dynon’s Online Customer Forum is a resource for Dynon
Avionics customers to discuss installation and operational issues relating to Dynon
Avionics products. The Forum is especially useful for pilots with uncommon aircraft or
unusual installation issues. For customers that cannot call Dynon Technical Support
during our normal business hours, the Forum is a convenient way to interact with Dynon
Avionics Technical Support. The Forum allows online sharing of wiring diagrams, photos,
and other types of electronic files.
The following icon is used in this guide.
This icon denotes information that merits special attention.
This icon denotes a helpful tip.
1-2
SkyView Pilot’s User Guide - Revision Q
2. System Overview
This chapter provides a general overview of the various parts of SkyView as well as a theory of
operation. The information in this chapter serves as a reference only and helps familiarize you
with the inner workings of the units. It should not be used for diagnostic or reparative work.
Dynon Avionics provides periodic firmware updates that enable new functionality.
Use the contact information mentioned earlier in this guide as resources for staying
current on firmware availability for SkyView equipment. Reference the SkyView
System Installation Guide for instructions on how to update firmware on SkyView
equipment.
SV-D700, SV-D1000 and SV-D1000T
This guide refers to the SV-D700 and SV-D1000 as displays.
Functions
SkyView displays can act as a Primary Flight Display (PFD) with Synthetic Vision, an Engine
Monitoring System (EMS), and a Moving Map in a variety of customizable screen layouts. Data
is sourced from various connected modules and devices. Subsequent chapters in this guide
address PFD, EMS, and Moving Map functions in more detail.
Power
SkyView displays require between 10 and 30 volts DC for operation. Approximate current
consumption of a SkyView system at 12 and 24 volts DC is 3.5 amps and 1.8 amps, respectively.
SkyView’s robust power protection allows it to be powered on during engine start.
The current draw figures for the display provided do not include Autopilot servo,
COM radio, SV-ADSB-470, or transponder power draw as they receive power
directly from the aircraft and not from SkyView. Be sure to include these power
requirements when considering your overall power budget.
Each SkyView display supports an optional external SV-BAT-320 Backup Battery. See the SVBAT-320 section for more information about backup battery behavior and operation.
SkyView Network
Modules such as the SV-ADAHRS-200/201 (flight instruments), SV-EMS-220/221 (engine
instruments), SV-ARINC-429 (for communication with IFR GPS/NAV/COM devices), SV-COM-C25
(COM Radio), SV-KNOB-PANEL, SV-AP-PANEL and Autopilot servos use Dynon’s redundant
SkyView Network to communicate with SkyView’s displays.
SkyView Network is designed to continue to work properly in the event of wiring or module
faults by utilizing multiple power pathways and a redundant data network. In fact, SkyView has
the ability to annunciate wiring issues as they are discovered, often while preserving full system
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System Overview
functionality until full troubleshooting can be performed on the ground. These alerts are
presented in SkyView’s alerting system, which is described in a later chapter of this guide.
Serial I/O
SkyView displays have five RS-232 serial ports for connection to compatible equipment. All
serial ports are wired into the SkyView Display Harness (SV-HARNESS-D37). All serial ports have
configurable baud rates and data formats for use as general purpose inputs and outputs.
USB
SkyView displays have three USB ports. Two are built into the back of the display and one is
wired into the SkyView Display Harness for convenience. USB ports are used for firmware
updates and backups, database updates, and configuration file uploads and downloads. Each
SkyView display ships with a USB flash drive for use in these instances. The USB ports are also
used for Procedure Chart, Airport Diagram and en-route chart database storage. This requires a
larger USB flash drive than SkyView’s included flash drive which must remain plugged into the
unit during use. Reference the SkyView System Installation Guide for instructions on how to use
the USB ports for the operations mentioned above.
Display
The SV-D700 display is a 7-inch, 800 by 480 pixel, 1200+ nit TFT active matrix LCD screen. The
SV-D1000 display is a 10.2-inch, 1024 by 600 pixel, 1350+ nit TFT active matrix LCD screen. The
SV-D1000T display is a 10.2-inch, 1024 by 600 pixel, 1350+ nit TFT active matrix capacitive
multi-touch LCD screen. SkyView displays utilize LED backlighting technology for increased
lifespan, more uniform brightness, superior dimmability, and reduced power consumption.
Displays are capable of automatic screen backlight level management. Reference the SkyView
System Installation Guide for instructions on how to enable this feature.
Joysticks and Buttons
User interaction takes place via the two joysticks and eight buttons along the bottom of the
display’s bezel.
Data Logging
SkyView displays with Software version 5.1 or higher have the ability to record and store flight
information in two logs for export by the user. The User Data Log recording rate can be
configured by the user in the SkyView Setup Menu. For more information on configuration,
retrieval, and analysis see the SkyView System Installation Guide.
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System Overview
SV-ADAHRS-20X
This guide uses SV-ADAHRS-20X to refer to both the SV-ADAHRS-200 and the SVADAHRS-201. The SV-ADAHRS-200 and SV-ADAHRS-201 are identical in
performance and are designed to work together as a redundant ADAHRS solution.
An SV-ADAHRS-200 must be installed in your SkyView system in order to use an SVADAHRS-201.
The primary flight instruments on your SkyView PFD are generated using a group of calibrated
sensors built into the SV-ADAHRS-20X ADAHRS module. All sensors are solid state–that is, there
are no moving parts. These sensors include accelerometers, which measure forces in all three
directions; rotational rate sensors, which sense rotation about all three axes; pressure
transducers for measuring air data; and magnetometers on all three axes for measuring
magnetic heading. These sensors form the core of Dynon’s Air Data Attitude and Heading
Reference System (ADAHRS).
Table 2 describes which inputs and sensors are used within the ADAHRS module to generate
the different displayed instruments.
GPS
Pitot
Static
AOA
Magnetometers
Rate
Sensors
OAT

Ball
Altitude
Airspeed
AOA
Turn Rate
Heading
Attitude
Accelerometers
*





Density
Altitude
TAS
Winds

Flight Path
Marker
Synthetic
Vision
Ground
Speed


































Table 2–Instruments and Sensors (*GPS only used when airspeed from pitot and static is not available)
Attitude Calculation
The SkyView artificial horizon display (attitude) is generated via a complex algorithm using a
multitude of sensors as described in Table 2. In normal operation SkyView uses airspeed to
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System Overview
provide superior attitude accuracy. Should airspeed become unavailable due to inadvertent
pitot icing, GPS ground speed will be used as an attitude aid. You will see a GPS ASSIST
annunciation on the primary flight display when this is the case.
Compass Accuracy Effects on Synthetic Vision, Map Performance, and Autopilot
It is critical that the magnetic heading be as accurate as possible for optimal Synthetic Vision
and Moving Map performance. The ADAHRS must be installed correctly, calibrated, and
operating well in all attitudes. However, it is important to note that magnetic heading is not
used to aid attitude determination under any circumstance.
SV-EMS-22X
The engine gauges on your SkyView Engine Page are generated from the data acquired by the
SV-EMS-22X Engine Monitoring module and its sensors. This module supports popular four and
six-cylinder engine installations and can measure a variety of engine and environmental
parameters such as RPM, manifold pressure, oil temperature and pressure, exhaust gas
temperature (EGT), cylinder head temperature (CHT), fuel levels for multiple tanks, voltage,
current, fuel pressure, fuel flow, carburetor air temperature, coolant pressure and
temperature, flap and trim potentiometers, external contacts, and general purpose
temperature sensors. Two SV-EMS-22X modules can be installed to monitor either extra
CHT/EGTs for large engines or dual engines.
SV-GPS-250
The SV-GPS-250 GPS Receiver module is an optional externally mounted 5 Hz WAAS enabled
GPS receiver designed specifically for use with SkyView. It supplies GPS data in NMEA format
and automatically sets the time on SkyView.
The SV-GPS-250’s WAAS capability does not allow it to be used as a primary
navigation source in an IFR environment where a TSO’d WAAS GPS may be
required. It does mean that it utilizes the WAAS GPS satellite to improve its
positional accuracy compared to a non-WAAS enabled GPS.
SV-BAT-320 Backup Battery
The SV-BAT-320 Backup Battery is an optional backup battery for use with SkyView. It can
power a typical SkyView display and most of its connected modules for at least 60 minutes in
the event of failure of the aircraft electrical system.
Autopilot Servos
SV32, SV42, and SV52 servos enable SkyView to operate as an autopilot.
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System Overview
Navigation Mapping Software (SV-MAP-270)
SkyView has a robust navigation mapping option that is enabled by a one-time licensing of your
SkyView system. Aviation and Obstacle data is available for free for US-based customers, and is
available via Jeppesen and PocketFMS for other customer worldwide. Additionally, when this
option is equipped, SkyView can display VFR and IFR en-route charts, procedure charts (plates),
and airport diagrams through subscriptions from either Seattle Avionics or PocketFMS. See the
SV-MAP-270 Navigation Mapping Software section of this guide for further details about
SkyView’s mapping capability.
SV-XPNDR-26X
The SV-XPNDR-261 and SV-XPNDR-262 are TSO’d remote mounted Mode-S transponder
modules that, in addition to their transponder capability, contain ADS-B Out capability via 1090
ES, and TIS traffic input capability (US Only).
SV-ADSB-470
The SV-ADSB-470 is a UAT Band (978 MHz) ADS-B receiver. It can receive traffic and weather
information from the ADS-B system that is currently being deployed by the FAA in the US,
allowing it to be displayed on your SkyView system.
SV-COM-C25
The SV-COM-C25 is an integrated VHF Com Radio for SkyView consisting of two modules, the
SV-COM-PANEL, and the SV-COM-425. The SV-COM-C25 has 25 kHz spacing and is able to tune
frequencies by integrating with SkyView’s aviation database. SkyView can support two SVCOM-C25 radios. The SV-COM-C25 is available in both horizontal and vertical versions.
SV-INTERCOM-2S
A two-place stereo intercom that is designed to pair perfectly with your SkyView System and
SV-COM-C25 Radio. It has stereo inputs for SkyView, stereo music, and multiple other mono
muting and non-muting inputs for all the technology in your cockpit.
SV-KNOB-PANEL
The SV-KNOB-PANEL is an optional panel-mounted module for SkyView. This control panel has
three knobs dedicated to the most common SkyView bug functions. This module is particularly
useful in systems with the SkyView autopilot installed. The SV-KNOB-PANEL is available in both
horizontal and vertical versions.
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System Overview
SV-AP-PANEL
The SV-AP-PANEL is an optional panel-mounted module that affords dedicated controls for the
SkyView Autopilot. The SV-AP-PANEL includes dedicated buttons for engaging the Autopilot,
Flight Director, and all modes including setting up fully-coupled approaches, VNAV, IAS Hold,
and mode sequencing. It also has a LEVEL button to immediately return the aircraft to straight
and level flight. The SV-AP-PANEL is available in both horizontal and vertical versions.
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3. SV-D700, SV-D1000 and SV-D1000T Operation
After reading this chapter, you should be familiar with basic SkyView display operation. For
details regarding specific procedures (e.g., adjusting the barometer), refer to the PFD, EMS, and
Moving Map operation chapters.
The SkyView SV-D700 and SV-D1000 displays are identical in functionality and
presentation. The only difference is in the size and resolution of the screen. SVD1000T displays also include all the same functionality found in the other displays.
Screen Synchronization
If you have multiple SkyView displays in your aircraft, the system will synchronize important
information between them. Actions such as setting baro, bugs, engaging the autopilot, or
acknowledging warnings only need to be performed on one display (or control panel) to be
reflected across the system.
Some settings such as screen layout and map zoom level are not synchronized on purpose.
Firmware sensor configuration file (.sfg) updates must also be done to each screen individually.
Navigation and obstacle databases may or may not synchronize, depending on whether the
displays are connected together via Ethernet. Reference the SkyView System Installation Guide
for more information on this topic.
If you are using two EMS modules to monitor dual engines, the engine page layouts and enginespecific timers like the Hobbs and Tach time, as well as engine alerts, are not synchronized
between multiple displays. Additionally, fuel computer computations may or may not be
combined between displays depending on system configuration. See the SkyView System
Installation Guide for additional details on this topic.
Display Bezel Layout
Figure 1 illustrates the front of an SV-D1000 display and its important parts.
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Figure 1–SkyView Display Front Bezel Layout
Note the Top Bar, screen, joystick and button labels, light sensor, two joysticks and eight
buttons.
The Top Bar is user configurable and displays important textual information. The Top Bar will
display clock time or a timer (when running), autopilot status, battery status (when an issue
requiring attention is detected), transponder status, and COM Radio status. Reference the How
to Configure the Top Bar Section of this guide for details on how to configure the Top Bar.
The screen shows PFD, Engine, and Moving Map data, configuration information, and system
alerts. Its layout is user configurable. See the Screen Layout Configuration Section for specific
instructions on how to configure the layout of your screen.
Joystick and button labels are also on the screen as seen in Figure 1. Joystick and button
functionality is contextual based on what is onscreen and these labels show the user the current
function. For example, the (MAP) label above joystick #2 in Figure 1 shows that manipulating
that joystick will affect what the user can see on the Moving Map Page.
The set of button labels displayed immediately after the display turns on is referred
to as the Main Menu.
Each SkyView display has an integrated light-detecting sensor in the front bezel. This light
sensor can be used for automatic backlight level management. Reference the SkyView System
Installation Guide for instructions on how to configure the display for automatic backlight level
management.
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Joystick and Button Operation
Joysticks and buttons are used for various functions including powering the unit on and off,
entering and navigating menus, and adjusting values.
Operation Basics
Joysticks can be turned and moved. Specific joystick behavior is addressed in subsequent
sections of this guide when necessary.
Figure 2–Joystick Turn (left) and Movement (right) Directions
A button has a function if there is a label above it. If there is no label, there is no function. The
figure below shows an example button label.
Figure 3–Example Button Label
When you press the softkey button (or tap its label on SkyView Touch) momentarily, its action
is invoked.
Button labels are called out in all capital letters such as BACK, EXIT, FINISH, and
CLEAR. This guide directs users to press a button by using its label. For example,
when this guide asks you to press FINISH, it is asking you to press the button with
the FINISH label above it.
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Joystick and Button Operation Example
Some parameters may need to be adjusted using a joystick. When setting values with the
joystick, each character (symbol, letter or digit) must be selected and adjusted successively.
Figure 4–Adjusting Successive Characters with a Joystick
In this example, the first time you turn the joystick, you toggle between the “-” and “+”
symbols. To change the succeeding characters, you must move the cursor joystick to the right.
In this example, you first adjust the “-” or “+” character, move the joystick right, then adjust the
one hundreds digit, and so forth. Once you have adjusted the value appropriately, press
ACCEPT or move the joystick to the right again.
At times, the next item in the menu path in this guide may be a joystick selection OR a button
push—the correct choice will be apparent.
Menu Navigation
All menu navigation in this guide starts at the In Flight Setup Menu.
After the display turns on, you will see a screen similar to the one in Figure 1. This guide refers
to the label bar at the bottom of the screen as the Main Menu.
Throughout this guide, the “>” character is used to indicate a sequence of menu selections or
other actions you would take as you navigate the menu system. Menu selections which are
followed by “…” indicate full-screen wizard interfaces which guide you through the appropriate
steps. These wizard interfaces are not described in detail in this guide, as the on-screen
instructions provide adequate information.
SkyView menus follow this structure: SETUP MENU > MENU > ... > MENU > PAGE or WIZARD.
The setup menus (In Flight Setup or Setup) are the root of most menu navigation. Each nested
menu is more specific than the previous one and there is no set limit for the number of nested
menus before reaching a page. A page or wizard is at the end of the chain and it is where the
user can perform a specific action such as create a system software backup, configure a
SkyView network, or set up the layout of the onscreen engine gauges. Wizards employ easy-tofollow onscreen instructions.
For example, SETUP MENU > SYSTEM SETUP > MEASUREMENT UNITS > BAROMETER indicates
entering the SETUP MENU, then selecting SYSTEM SETUP, then selecting MEASUREMENT
UNITS, and then entering the BAROMETER Menu to select INHG, MBAR, or MMHG.
Table 3 is a summary of menu navigation.
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Desired Menu Action
Enter the Setup Menu
Scroll through different menus
Enter menu
Return to previous menu
Save adjusted value
Reset adjustable value
Save settings and return to Main Menu
User Action
Simultaneously press and hold buttons 7 and 8
(if airspeed is greater than zero, you will enter the
In Flight Setup Menu)
Turn either joystick
OR
Move either joystick up or down
Move either joystick toward the right
Move either joystick toward the left (saves settings)
OR
Press BACK (saves settings)
OR
Press CANCEL (does not save settings)
Press ACCEPT
Press DEFAULT
Press EXIT
Table 3–Menu Navigation Summary
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Basic Display Operation Procedures
This subsection covers basic operation procedures for displays. Detailed instructions for various
menus and individual menu items are described in the SkyView System Installation Guide.
How to Turn the System On or Off
Table 4 summarizes the procedures for toggling SkyView system power states.
SkyView System
Displays
One display
Multiple displays
Toggle SkyView System Power
Toggle primary power state
OR
Toggle display power by pressing and holding button 1
Toggle primary power state
OR
Toggle all displays off or on by pressing and holding
button 1 on each display.
Table 4–How to Toggle SkyView System Power State
In the first seconds after turning a SkyView display on, you may see momentary display artifacts
such as multicolored lines and/or flashes of light as the display initializes. This is normal.
Loss of External Power with Backup Battery Connected
If external power is lost to a display that is connected to a backup battery, it will either stay on
for an additional 30 seconds or stay on indefinitely depending on whether or not the aircraft is
in flight. This feature minimizes backup battery discharge when on the ground and
master/external power is shut off normally. It also reduces pilot workload during an actual inflight power loss.
If the aircraft is not in flight, SkyView displays the message “POWERING DOWN IN xx SECONDS”
while counting down from 30 seconds. During this countdown, the menu displays the buttons
STAY ON and PWR OFF at the bottom of the screen. Press PWR OFF to turn off the SkyView
display immediately. Press STAY ON to keep the SkyView display on via the connected backup
battery. If STAY ON is pressed, the display will continue to use the backup battery to power
itself until the battery’s charge is depleted or the display is turned off manually pressing and
holding button 1. Finally, if neither button is pressed before the countdown expires; the display
will automatically turn off after 30 seconds to conserve the backup battery charge.
If the aircraft is in flight, SkyView displays the message “AIRCRAFT POWER LOST” with no
additional count down. This ensures that active pilot action is required to turn off a display
when power is lost in-flight and backup battery power is available. The STAY ON and PWR OFF
buttons are still offered, but the display will stay on indefinitely unless PWR OFF is pressed.
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How to Reboot the Display
Press and hold buttons 1, 2 and 5 simultaneously to instantly reboot the system. This may be
helpful if you need to cycle power after changing certain settings and for general
troubleshooting.
How to Manually Adjust the Backlight Brightness or Dim Level
Press SCREEN on the Main Menu and then press DIM (this is the Dim Menu). To decrease or
increase the backlight brightness press DEC- or INC+, respectively. To set the backlight
brightness to 100%, press FULL. Press BACK twice to exit the Dim Menu and return to the Main
Menu.
If the display is set to automatic or external backlight brightness control, this operation will
toggle the backlight brightness control to manual mode. You can determine if there was a
change in control mode by the label over button 7 in the Dim Menu. If the display was set to
manual mode in the Setup Menu, there will be no label. If the display was set to automatic or
external, the label will toggle between MANUAL and AUTO or MANUAL and EXTERNAL,
respectively.
Reference the SkyView System Installation Guide for instructions on specifying the display’s
backlight brightness control method.
How to Enter the Joystick Function Menu
These menus are used to specify which bug or parameter that joystick adjusts if turned. For
example, joystick 1 could be set to adjust the heading bug and joystick 2 could be set to adjust
the altitude bug.
Figure 5 illustrates the joystick menu when all possible bugs and functions are enabled. The
joystick menu on your display may contain fewer items than seen here:
Figure 5–Joystick Menu
To set the function of a joystick:
1. Click a joystick or move it in any direction to enter its Joystick Function Menu.
2. Choose the joystick function by moving the joystick up or down.
3. Confirm the highlighted function by clicking the joystick or moving it left or right.
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If the Map Page is onscreen, the joystick closest to the Moving Map is labeled (MAP) and is used
to affect the Map Page and cannot be assigned a different function.
How to Enter the In Flight Setup Menu
When airspeed is greater than zero or groundspeed is greater than 15 knots, simultaneously
pressing and holding buttons 7 and 8 when on the Main Menu will open the In Flight Setup
Menu. This menu gives users access to SkyView system tools which may be useful during flight
such as the Flight Angle Pitch Adjust Page and the Angle of Attack Calibration Wizard.
You may also access the Setup Menu from the In Flight Setup Menu by using the ENTER FULL
SCREEN SETUP MENU… option.
How to Check Installed Database Status
Enter the Installed Databases Page (IN FLIGHT SETUP MENU > FULL PAGE SETUP MENU > LOCAL
DISPLAY SETUP > INSTALLED DATABASES) to see which databases are installed and their
respective versions.
How to Adjust Time Zone Offset
Enter the Time Zone Offset Page (IN FLIGHT SETUP MENU > FULL PAGE SETUP MENU > SYSTEM
SETUP > TIME > TIME ZONE OFFSET) and adjust the time zone accordingly.
How to Configure the Top Bar
The Top Bar is the strip across the top of the screen. It displays textual information such as the
clock and autopilot status. Future software updates will use this space for information such as
radio status.
Enter the Top Bar Setup Page to configure the Top Bar (IN FLIGHT SETUP MENU > FULL PAGE
SETUP MENU or > LOCAL DISPLAY SETUP > TOP BAR SETUP).
Screen Layout Configuration
SkyView can display many combinations of PFD, Engine, and Moving Map data in full-screen
and partial-screen configurations as well as distribute this data across multiple displays. Each
display in the system can also have its own layout. This section tells you how to configure the
display(s) in your SkyView system.
SkyView displays only display data from connected modules. For example, if an SVEMS-22X module is not present on the network, the display will not show any
engine data.
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The following table lists the amount of screen space you can allot for a given page. Note that
pages may also be turned off by the user.
Page
PFD
Engine
Map
100%



80%


60%

50%



40%

20%


OFF



Table 5–Onscreen Page Allotments
The following diagram illustrates example screen layout configurations.
Figure 6–Example Screen Layout Configurations
Manufacturers that install SkyView into their aircraft can choose to standardize the
screen layouts that are available. When a SkyView system is set up this way, you
may not be able to remove some or all of the pages on a display. Additionally, the
LAYOUT and SWAP buttons may not be available.
Selecting and Arranging Pages on your SkyView Screen
1. Press SCREEN on the Main Menu.
2. Press PFD PG, EMS PG, or MAP PG to toggle the display of page on or off.
a. Alternately, press and hold any of the above buttons for a few seconds to turn
on that page and turn all others off with just one button push.
3. Press LAYOUT to toggle between different layouts of the pages that are being displayed.
4. Press BACK to finalize the layout and return to the Main Menu.
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Swap Mode
You may, at times, wish to swap the entire screen contents of your left and right displays
without having to select and deselect each page on each display using the above process. This
can be useful for flying from the “other” seat, for use when flight instructing, etc.
Press SCREEN > SWAP on either display to enter swap mode and switch the screen contents of
both displays simultaneously. When your screens are in swap mode, the PFD PAGE, EMS PAGE
MAP PAGE, and LAYOUT buttons are unavailable. Press SWAP again to exit swap mode and
revert to normal display operation.
Note that the SWAP button is only shown on SkyView systems that contain exactly two displays.
Reversion Mode
In multi-display SkyView systems, you can specify a reversion mode that automatically changes
the screen configuration to a specific layout when only one display remains powered on.
For example, if you normally have your left display configured to show PFD and your right
display showing Engine and Map, reversion mode could be configured to show all three pages
automatically on the single remaining display, should the other fail.
If reversion mode is enabled, any one of the following layouts can be pre-configured (via
SkyView setup procedures) to be displayed when only one display remains powered on in a
multi-display system. This behavior applies equally whether all but one display in your system
has failed, or if you turn on one SkyView display before all others (as some customers do to see
engine instruments before engine start):





PFD 40% / EMS / MAP 40%
PFD 50% / MAP 50%
PFD 50% / EMS 50%
PFD 80% / EMS 20%
PFD 100%
See the SkyView System Installation Guide for further information about Reversion Mode
configuration.
Backup Battery Charging and Testing
In the event of an electrical failure that causes SkyView to run on the SV-BAT-320, the SV-BAT320 supplies power to the SkyView display it is connected to, along with any connected SVADAHRS-26X, SV-EMS-22X, SV-ARINC-429, and SV-GPS-250 modules. Because of higher power
requirements, the SV-BAT-320 does not power Autopilot servos, the SV-XPNDR-26X, SV-COMC25, devices connected via a serial connection, or any other third party devices. SkyView’s
maximum display brightness is reduced very slightly when operating on backup battery power
to reduce power consumption.
When connected, the battery's charge level is automatically managed by the SkyView display it
is physically connected to. This ensures that SkyView has a fully charged backup battery in case
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of emergency. Charging a completely discharged battery may take up to 4 hours. To conserve
your aircraft battery, the SV‐BAT‐320 is only charged when SkyView detects that your alternator
or generator is online. Specifically:



If SkyView system voltage is above 12.25V: SkyView runs on master power and charges
the SV-BAT-320.
If SkyView system voltage is above 10V, but below 12.25V: SkyView runs on master
power but does not charge the SV-BAT-320.
If SkyView system voltage is below 10V: SkyView runs on the SV-BAT-320. This
discharges the SV-BAT-320.
Reference the SkyView System Installation Guide for more details regarding current
consumption while charging a backup battery.
A battery is fully charged when it reaches 12.25 volts and should power a typical
SkyView system for at least 60 minutes. If SkyView has switched to the backup
battery due to a power loss in your aircraft, it is advised that you land as soon as
possible.
Backup Battery Status
SkyView performs an automatic 30 second self-test of the battery every time a SkyView is shut
down normally when master power is turned off after a flight. Additionally, a manuallyactuated discharge test should be performed annually when prompted by SkyView.
A battery status icon in the top bar and alert messages let you know when SkyView’s backup
battery is not operating nominally. These indications are as follows:
No battery icon displayed
 No battery has been connected to this display or battery status is normal. If a battery is
connected, and no icon is displayed, all of the following are true:
o The Annual Backup Battery Test is not yet due.
o The self-test routine has not discovered abnormal behavior. Backup battery selftests are performed automatically every time master power is removed on the
ground (after a flight, for example) while the 30-second “power lost” timer is
counting down.
Needs test:
Figure 7 - Backup Battery Test Needed

SkyView has determined that the backup battery should be tested using the manuallyactuated Backup Battery Test. This can be because:
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o It has been one year since the last full Backup Battery Test. See the SkyView
System Installation Guide for instructions on how to perform this test.
o The 30 second automatic battery self-check that is performed when master
power is removed during a normal shutdown did not complete properly at least
3 consecutive times. Perform the Backup Battery Test per the SkyView System
Installation Guide.
Fault/test Failed
Figure 8 - Backup Battery Test Failed
A fault has been detected because of one of the following conditions:
o The battery is no longer connected.
o A battery test has failed. The battery may need to be replaced. Contact Dynon
Technical Support for more information.
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4. PFD Operation
One of the main functions of SkyView is its Primary Flight Display (PFD) with Synthetic Vision.
This chapter highlights the layout of the PFD page, its symbology, and contains instructions for
adjusting bugs.
SkyView’s PFD requires data from an SV-ADAHRS-20X module. Synthetic Vision
further requires valid GPS data.
The heading/track, altitude, and vertical speed bugs are used to control the
SkyView Autopilot.
PFD Page Layout
The PFD Page as shown in Figure 9 displays important flight information and Synthetic Vision.
Figure 9–SkyView PFD
The primary information shown on the PFD includes:
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
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Synthetic Vision
Airspeed Indicator with Airspeed Bug and Airspeed Trend Rate
Attitude Indicator with Extreme Pitch Warning Indicators (Pitch Warning Indicators not
shown in Figure 9)
Flight Path Marker
Altimeter with Altitude Bug, Altitude Trend Rate, Barometer Setting, and Density
Altitude
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
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Vertical Speed Indicator with Vertical Speed Bug
Compass Rose/Directional Gyro with Heading Bug
Slip/Skid Ball
Angle of Attack Indicator (not shown in Figure 9)
OAT
Wind Information (not shown in Figure 9)
The PFD in Figure 9 is a basic depiction and does not include any HSI or autopilot information.
GPS Signal Source
SkyView’s PFD contains display elements – such as Synthetic Vision, ground speed, and the HSI that depend on GPS information to work. Reference the GPS Source section in the SV-MAP-270
Navigation Mapping Software chapter of this guide for information about how SkyView utilizes
and prioritizes the available GPS sources that are used for this purpose.
PFD Symbology
Bugs
The SkyView PFD makes use of airspeed, altitude, vertical speed, minimum descent altitude,
and heading (or track) bugs. Note that the altitude, vertical speed, and heading (or track) bugs
are used for autopilot control if Autopilot servos are installed. Instructions for setting bugs are
detailed in subsequent sections of this guide.
The airspeed, altitude, and vertical speed bugs are located above their respective tapes and the
heading (or track) bug is located to the lower left of the compass rose/directional gyro.
You can toggle the display state of bugs using the following procedure. Note that bugs that are
used as control mechanisms for autopilot axes (i.e., HDG, ALT, IAS and VS) cannot be toggled off
if their respective Autopilot servo is installed.
1. Press PFD while on the Main Menu.
2. Press BUGS.
3. Press HDG, ALT, IAS, VS or MDA to toggle the display state of each respective bug. If a
bug label is highlighted, it will show up on the PFD and in the joystick menu.
4. Press BACK to return to the PFD Menu.
A bug is only adjustable if it is on and it is an option in the Joystick Menu. Bugs that are turned
off are displayed as “- - - “with their respective units (e.g., “- - - FT” for an altitude bug).
When all bugs are turned on, all bugs are available in the Joystick Menu as illustrated in Figure
10.
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Figure 10–All Bugs On
For example, if the Minimums bug (MDA) is off, it is not an option in the Joystick Menu as
illustrated in Figure 11. The same is true for other bugs.
Figure 11–MDA Bug Off
If all bugs are off, none of them show up in the Joystick Menu as illustrated in Figure 12. Also
note how the heading bug is displayed (i.e., “- - - HDG” above the BACK label).
Figure 12–All Bugs Off
As mentioned earlier, if Autopilot servos are installed, the bugs used to control them are not
configurable in this menu (i.e., they are always on) and have grayed-out text to denote this as
illustrated in Figure 13.
Figure 13–Autopilot Control Bugs Grayed Out
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Airspeed Indicator
The Airspeed Indicator is displayed on the left side of
the PFD and incorporates an airspeed tape with a
digital readout, true airspeed (TAS), airspeed trend
indicator, and airspeed bug. Figure 14 is an example
SkyView Airspeed Indicator.
Units can be set to miles per hour, nautical miles per
hour (knots), or kilometers per hour. Reference the
SkyView System Installation Guide for instructions on
how to change the displayed units.
The airspeed tape displays indicated airspeed
including gray, white, green, yellow, and red ranges
to provide a graphical representation of aircraft
speed in relation to the aircraft's limits. These ranges
are controlled by setting the airspeed limitations for
the aircraft. Refer to the SkyView System Installation
Guide for instructions on how to configure the
airspeed limitation color thresholds.
Airspeed will display “---” at zero through 20 knots, at
Figure 14–Example Airspeed Indicator
which point it will become alive. Once alive, it will read
down to 15 knots. Below 15 knots, “---” will again be displayed.
The indicated airspeed (IAS) digits scroll up and down, simulating an analog Airspeed Indicator.
The rate of change of the digits provides a sense of the increase or decrease in speed.
The airspeed trend indicator (ATI) is displayed as a magenta bar on the airspeed tape. It grows
proportionally in the direction of the rate of change (acceleration or deceleration). The ATI is
scaled to indicate a 6-second airspeed trend which means that if the acceleration is kept
constant, the airspeed will end up at the number indicated at the end of the trend line after 6
seconds have passed.
True airspeed (TAS) is digitally displayed at the bottom of the airspeed tape.
Airspeed Bug
The airspeed bug is displayed in cyan on the airspeed tape and its associated digital readout is
displayed at the top of the Airspeed Indicator.
To set the airspeed bug:
1. Enter the Joystick Function Menu.
2. Move the joystick up or down to highlight (IAS).
3. Click the joystick or move it left or right to close the menu (this is optional).
(IAS) will now display just above that joystick. The airspeed bug setting on the PFD will be
outlined to signal that it is selected. Turn the joystick to adjust the airspeed bug. Note that
while the airspeed bug is changing, its display window lights up in cyan to draw your attention
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to it. You may also synchronize the bug to current airspeed by pressing and holding the joystick
to the left or right, or middle (click) for 2 seconds.
Attitude Indicator
Attitude indicator symbology is displayed on PFD and incorporates a roll scale with roll pointers
and a zero pointer reference, pitch scale with horizon lines, and water line symbology. Figure 15
is an example SkyView attitude indicator.
Figure 15–Example Attitude Indicator
The roll scale contains tick marks at 10, 20, 30, and 60 degrees and larger white triangles at 0
and 45 degrees. The roll pointer (small yellow triangle on the bottom side of the roll scale)
points to your current bank angle. The roll scale will rotate 360 degrees. When the aircraft is
wings level, the roll pointer aligns with the roll scale zero point. The water line symbology also
indicates wings level flight.
The pitch scale has tick marks in 2.5 degree increments and every 10 degree tick mark provides
a horizon line across the width of the screen. If the displayed pitch on the screen requires
adjustment to match the view outside, use the Flight Angle Pitch Adjust Page in the In Flight
Setup Menu (IN FLIGHT SETUP MENU > FLIGHT ANGLE PITCH ADJUST…). The pitch may be
adjusted to a maximum of ±20 degrees.
The extended zero pitch line features heading markers every 30 degrees to help maintain
directional awareness when attention is being paid to the attitude indicator.
Attitude Rate Limit
SkyView’s ADAHRS will operate normally at rotational rates of up to 150 degrees per second in
any axis. If the aircraft’s rotational rate exceeds 150 degrees per second – as can happen in a
well-developed spin or when performing aggressive aerobatic maneuvers – the PFD page will
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annunciate “ATTITUDE RECOVERING”. During this time, SkyView’s attitude indication may be
degraded and other instruments should be used to maintain safe flight.
After straight and level flight is restored for a few seconds, the ATTITUDE RECOVERING message
will disappear. Full performance of the attitude indication is restored. This requires no
additional action by the pilot.
GPS Assist
In the event of airspeed loss (due to icing or other blockage) an accurate attitude is maintained
if there is an accurate GPS ground speed source. When in this mode, a magenta GPS ASSIST
message is displayed on the PFD and the ground speed is displayed below the indicated
airspeed (IAS). If the connectivity with the GPS fails while in GPS assist mode, the attitude
continues to be displayed, using the last known GPS ground speed as a reference. This mode is
flagged on the horizon with a yellow CROSS CHECK ATTITUDE message. In the very rare case
that this sequence of events occurs, the ADAHRS’ attitude accuracy is reduced; use other
references in the aircraft to cross-check against the SkyView display.
Note that due to a limitation of the SV-GPS-250 hardware, it cannot be used for GPS Assist
above 415 knots ground speed if it is being used as the GPS source
Flight Path Marker
The flight path marker as shown in Figure 16 is an icon that is superimposed on
the PFD. It depicts the actual trajectory that the aircraft is flying through space. In
contrast, the attitude indicator displays the direction that the aircraft is pointed.
The flight path marker is extremely helpful in correlating and distinguishing
between aircraft attitude and flight path, giving the pilot a better understanding
of what the aircraft is doing. Given this, the marker can also be a valuable aide
for avoiding terrain when used with Synthetic Vision.
Figure 16–
Example Flight
Path Marker
The flight path marker can be enabled or disabled through the setup menus. See the SkyView
System Installation Guide for information about this setting. In order to calculate and display
the Flight Path Marker, SkyView requires an indicated Airspeed that is not zero or a GPS ground
speed of more than 25 kts. The flight path marker also uses vertical speed, magnetic heading,
GPS ground speed and ground track to calculate its guidance.
Several examples of Flight Path Marker behavior:
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If the aircraft’s nose is pitched up, but the marker stays on the horizon, this indicates
that the aircraft is not climbing or descending. You will see this behavior during slow
flight.
If the aircraft is neither climbing nor descending, the flight path marker will align with
the zero pitch line. Many aircraft do not cruise at an exactly level attitude. In this case, it
is normal to have a slightly pitched up or pitched down attitude indication, even though
the flight path marker indicates the aircraft is indicating no vertical trajectory.
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If the marker is to the left or right of the attitude indicator’s aircraft symbol, this
indicates that the path over the ground is different than the direction the aircraft is
pointing. This depicts the effects of wind or a slip attitude.
If the aircraft is climbing out of a canyon and the marker is above the terrain ahead, this
indicates that the aircraft, at its current trajectory, will clear that terrain.
If the aircraft is climbing out of a canyon and the marker is overlaid on the terrain
ahead, this indicates that the aircraft, at its current trajectory, will impact the terrain.
If the marker is pointed at a runway threshold during an approach, that is where you will
be when you land if you keep the same approach path to the runway.
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Altimeter
The altimeter is displayed on the right side of the PFD. It
incorporates an altitude tape and digital readout, Density
Altitude (DA), barometer setting, and altitude bug. Figure
17 is an example SkyView altimeter.
The altitude tape displays 200 units above and below the
current altitude digital readout. Each tick represents 25
units, with every 50 unit tick drawn slightly longer to
differentiate them. Units can be set to feet or meters.
Reference the SkyView System Installation Guide
instructions on how to change the displayed units.
The digital readout scrolls up and down in the manner of
an analog altimeter. The rate of change of the digits
provides a sense of the increase or decrease in altitude.
An altitude trend indicator based on current vertical
speed is represented as a magenta bar on the altimeter.
Figure 17–Example Altimeter
It grows proportionally as your climb or descent rate
increases/decreases. The altitude trend indictor is scaled to indicate a 6-second altitude trend.
This means that if current rate of altitude change is kept constant, the altitude will end up at
the number indicated at the end of the trend line after 6 seconds have passed.
DA will display “----” if an OAT probe is not connected to the SkyView ADAHRS module. Since
relative humidity is not readily available to SkyView in flight, density altitude is calculated using
an approximation. The results of SkyView’s DA computation will closely match a traditional
handheld E6B.
Barometer Setting
To change the barometer setting:
1. Enter the Joystick Function Menu.
2. Move the joystick up or down to highlight (BARO).
3. Click the joystick or move it left or right to close the menu (this is optional).
(BARO) will now display just above that joystick. The barometer setting on the PFD will be
outlined to signal that it is selected. Turn the joystick to adjust the barometer setting. Note that
while the barometer setting is changing, its display window lights up in cyan to draw your
attention to it. You may reset baro to pressure altitude for use in the flight levels (i.e., 29.92 in
Hg, 1013 mbar, or 760 mm Hg) by pressing and holding the joystick to the left or right, or middle
(click) for 2 seconds.
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Altitude Bug
The altitude bug is displayed in cyan on the altitude tape and its associated digital readout is
displayed at the top of the altimeter. The altitude bug is used as a target for the pitch axis of the
SkyView Autopilot when a pitch axis servo is installed.
The reaction of the autopilot to an altitude bug change depends on the state of the pitch axis,
its armed mode of operation, and the current state of the aircraft. See the Autopilot Operation
chapter for more information about how the autopilot uses the altitude bug.
To set the altitude bug:
1. Enter the Joystick Function Menu.
2. Move the joystick up or down to highlight (ALT).
3. Click the joystick or move it joystick left or right to close the menu (this is optional).
(ALT) will now display just above that joystick. The altitude bug setting on the PFD will be
outlined to signal that it is selected. Turn the joystick to adjust the altitude bug. Note that while
the altitude bug is changing, its display window lights up in cyan to draw your attention to it.
You can synchronize the altitude bug with the current altitude by pressing and holding the ALT
joystick to the left or right, or middle (click) for 2 seconds.
Altitude Alerter
SkyView can be configured to audibly alert as the aircraft changes altitude in relation to the
altitude bug. When the bug is active, audio out is configured, and the altitude alerter is
configured, SkyView announces “APPROACHING ALTITUDE” as the aircraft flies within a chosen
amount of feet/meters of the bug. SkyView announces “LEAVING ALTITUDE” as the aircraft flies
away from the altitude bug by more than a chosen amount of feet/meters. The altitude
thresholds that trigger the two above alerts are individually configurable, and the altitude
alerter will work whether or not the autopilot is engaged. See the SkyView System Installation
Guide for details on how to configure the altitude alerter.
Minimum Descent Altitude (MDA) Bug
The Minimum Descent Altitude (MDA) Bug allows the pilot to set a bug to alert when
approaching a set altitude. This is typically used during approaches to remain aware of
approach minimums. This bug is distinct from the altitude bug, which is used to control the
autopilot.
When the MDA bug is set:
 When the aircraft descends through 200 feet above the MDA bug:
o An “APPROACHING MINIMUMS” audio alert is played.
 When the aircraft descends through the MDA bug:
o A “MINIMUMS” audio alert is played.
o A visual “MINIMUMS” alert is displayed on the PFD as seen below.
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Figure 18 - MDA Bug
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Figure 19 - MDA Bug Detail
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Vertical Speed Indicator
The vertical speed indicator
(VSI) is displayed to the
immediate right of the
altimeter and incorporates a
vertical speed tape, vertical
speed pointer (with digital
readout), and bug. Figure 20
is an example SkyView VSI.
The VSI tape can display
±1000 units, ±2000 units, or
±4000 units. Units can be set
to feet or meters. Reference
the SkyView System
Installation Guide for
instructions on how to
change the displayed units
and the indicator scale.
Figure 20 – Example Vertical Speed Indicator.
Partial Screen PFD Version on Right.
The vertical speed pointer scrolls up and
down the VSI tape, simultaneously
displaying the instantaneous vertical speed in both analog and digital formats. If there is very
little or no vertical speed, the pointer appears blank. When the PFD is configured as a 40%
page, the digital vertical speed readout appears above or below the VSI tape as shown in Figure
20, but the analog sliding behavior of the pointer is the same as described above. When the
Vertical Speed Required to Destination info item is active on the Map a magenta line is drawn
on the VSI at that speed.
Figure 21 - Vertical Speed Required to Destination
Vertical Speed Bug
The vertical speed bug is displayed in cyan on the right side of the VSI tape and its associated
digital readout is displayed at the top of the VSI. This bug is also used as a target for the pitch
axis of the SkyView Autopilot. See the Autopilot Operation chapter for details.
To set the VS bug:
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1. Enter the Joystick Function Menu.
2. Move the joystick up or down to highlight (VS).
3. Click the joystick or move it left or right to close the menu (this is optional).
(VS) will now display just above that joystick. The vertical speed bug setting on the PFD will be
outlined to signal that it is selected. Turn the joystick to adjust the vertical speed bug. Note that
while the vertical speed bug is changing, its display window lights up in cyan to draw your
attention to it.
You can synchronize the vertical speed bug with the current vertical speed by pressing and
holding the VS joystick to the left or right, or middle (click) for 2 seconds.
The vertical speed bug is used by the autopilot as a target vertical speed when it is climbing or
descending. Reference the Chapter for more information regarding autopilot functionality,
symbology, and operation information.
Compass Rose/Directional Gyro
The compass rose/directional gyro is
displayed on the lower center of the
PFD and incorporates a magnetic
heading compass rose, magnetic
heading digital display, turn rate
indicator, ground track GPS pointer,
heading bug, and heading bug digital
display. Figure 22 is an example
SkyView compass rose/directional
gyro.
The compass rose displays in
heading-up orientation. The cardinal
points are displayed as letters, and
30 degree increments are displayed
numerically without the trailing zero
(e.g., 330 degrees is displayed as 33).
The numeric display at the top of the
compass rose indicates magnetic
heading.
Figure 22–Example Compass Rose/Directional Gyro
The turn rate indicator is displayed as a curved magenta bar along the top, outside curve of the
compass rose. The bar grows in the direction that the aircraft is currently turning and is
anchored at the arrow of the numeric display. The minor tick marks to the immediate right and
left of the numeric display arrow represents a half-standard-rate-turn. The major tick marks to
the left and right of the minor tick marks represent a standard rate turn of 3 degrees per
second.
The ground track GPS pointer is displayed as a magenta triangle on the inner edge of the
compass rose.
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Heading/Track Bug
If your SkyView system includes an autopilot, the heading (HDG) bug is replaced by a track (TRK)
bug when the autopilot is flying in GPS ground track (TRK) mode. The bug is displayed in cyan
on the inner edge of the compass rose. The digital display of the bug is displayed to the lower
left of the compass rose.
To set the heading/track bug:
1. Enter the Joystick Function Menu.
2. Move the joystick up or down to highlight (HDG) or (TRK).
3. Click the joystick or move it left or right to close the menu (this is optional).
(HDG) or (TRK) will now display just above that joystick. The heading/track bug setting on the
PFD will be outlined to signal that it is selected. Turn the joystick to adjust the heading/track
bug. Note that while the heading/track bug is changing, its display window lights up in cyan to
draw your attention to it.
You can synchronize the heading/track bug to the current heading or track by pressing and
holding the joystick joystick to the left or right, or middle (click) for 2 seconds.
HSI
Figure 23 - HSI Example: GPS
Figure 24 - HSI Example - Localizer
When a valid NAV or GPS source is connected to your SkyView system, its data can be displayed
on and around the DG in a standard HSI presentation. Refer to the SkyView System Installation
Guide for details on how to connect and configure these data sources. The following sections
describe the HSI display elements.
HSI Source
There are two primary types of sources, GPS and NAV radio. Anytime a GPS is being used as an
HSI source, all of the HSI data is colored magenta. When a radio is being used as the source, its
data is in green. To the right of the DG, a textual info item describes the data source of the HSI.
It can be any of GPS, NAV (VOR), BC (back course) or LOC (localizer). Additionally, each GPS or
radio source either has a custom name or is numbered – depending on how those devices are
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configured within SkyView - to prevent confusion in systems that have multiple navigational
devices. SkyView’s own navigation mapping capability is always labeled “SKYVIEW”. The GPS
waypoints are displayed in HSI info area for SKYVIEW and ARINC navigators such as the GNS and
GTN. To cycle through the available sources, press HSI SRC in the PFD Menu.
Course Indicator
Figure 25 - HSI Course Indicator
The course indicator has an arrow at its end which points to the currently selected course.
When a GPS source is selected, course direction is normally set implicitly by the programmed
route. When a NAV radio source is selected, the course direction can be set either on the radio
or via the CRS (course) joystick function on SkyView, depending on the NAV radio that is
connected. To maintain course regardless of wind condition, line the course needle (with
centered CDI) up with the GPS ground track pointer. The course indicator is fixed to the rotation
of the DG, so it is easy to see which way you must turn to get on course. When tuned to a LOC,
course should be set to the runway heading via the joystick CRS function. HSI courses are
remembered for each HSI source, this is especially helpful when switching between VOR and ILS
or GPS and ILS sources.
Note that when the Garmin SL30 is tuned to a LOC/ILS frequency, it disables its own OBS knob.
Course Deviation Indicator (CDI)
Figure 26 - HSI CDI
The CDI indicates how far to the left or right you are from the selected course. When in NAV
mode, full scale deviation indicates ten degrees of deviation from the VOR radial that has been
chosen as the course. When tuned to a localizer, full scale represents 2.5 degrees of deviation.
When following a GPS course, full scale represents 5 nautical miles of deviation. When on
course, the course indicator and the CDI make a solid line, making it easy to see when there is
little error in your aircraft's position. Unlike a CDI indicator found in basic aircraft, the CDI
needle on an HSI rotates with the DG and course indicator. By turning the aircraft towards the
CDI needle you reduce your deviation.
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To/From Indicator
Figure 27 - HSI To Indication
Because an HSI rotates the course line on top of the DG, the to/from indicator always points at
the physical VOR/LOC transmitter, or towards the GPS waypoint. If it is pointing the same
direction as the arrow at the end of the course line, then that is a "to" indication. If it is pointing
the opposite direction of the arrow at the end of the course line, then that is a "from"
indication.
Bearing Pointers
Figure 28 - HSI Bearing Pointer
These arrows show you the bearing directly to a radio station or waypoint–in other words, the
track that you would need to fly to go directly to it. BRG 1 is yellow in color and is depicted with
a single arrow head when displayed on the HSI display. BRG 2 is orange in color and has a
double arrow head. There is also a textual information item for each bearing pointer that
describes its source (eg. SKYVIEW, NAV1, etc.). Each of the bearing pointers can be cycled
between all available bearing sources by pressing BRG 1 or BRG2 in the PFD Menu.
Note that some radios, such as the Garmin SL30, provide information about standby
frequencies that can be loaded into bearing pointer locations. These are only available for
standby VORs that are within range. They are labeled as SBY bearing pointers.
NAV radios tuned to a LOC/ILS frequency do not provide bearing information due to the nature
of the localizer radio signal.
Glideslope/VNAV Indicator
Figure 29 - HSI Glide Slope
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This only appears when tuned to an ILS or a GPS with vertical navigation output. When
displaying an ILS glideslope, full deflection is 0.5 degrees.
HSI Info Items
Figure 30 - HSI GPS Info
Figure 31 - HSI NAV Info (LOC Example)
Textual info items that provide additional data about the HSI source are displayed to the right
of the HSI display. The information available depends on the data being provided by the HSI
source. Examples of info items that may be displayed include DTW (distance to waypoint), ID
(VOR identifier), and frequency.
Wind Vector
Wind vector information is located just above the OAT display on the PFD. The
winds aloft arrow indicates the wind direction relative to your current direction of
flight. The wind strength, direction, and cross wind component are also textually
provided. If SkyView cannot make an accurate winds aloft calculation, the
Figure 32 arrow is not displayed and the numbers are replaced by dashes. The display of
Wind
Vector
winds aloft requires an active GPS connection and an OAT probe. In very light
winds, the wind speed number is not displayed, although the arrow is. Note
that due to a limitation in the SV-GPS-250 hardware, winds information will
not be available above 415 knots ground speed if it is being used as the GPS source.
Slip/Skid Ball
The action of the slip/skid ball simulates an analog slip/skid ball and provides a
visual representation of lateral acceleration. When the ball is within the two
vertical lines, the aircraft is in coordinated flight. Figure 33 is an example
SkyView slip/skid ball.
Figure 33–
Example
Slip/Skid Ball
Angle of Attack Indicator
The Angle Of Attack (AOA) Indicator will display only when a Dynon AOA/Pitot probe
has been properly installed and calibrated. During normal flight, the AOA Indicator
will display green. As the AOA approaches and then reaches critical, the green and
yellow bars will disappear, leaving only red. Figure 34 is an example SkyView AOA
indicator.
A thorough explanation of AOA and the principles of operation of Dynon's AOA
Pitot probe are beyond the scope of this guide. Detailed information about AOA
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Figure 34–
Example AOA
Indicator
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and Dynon's approach to AOA is available at www.dynonavionics.com/docs/SkyView_AoA.html.
OAT
Outside air temperature (OAT) as shown in Figure 35 is displayed in the very
lower-right corner of the PFD. Units can be set to degrees Fahrenheit or degrees
Celsius. Reference the SkyView System Installation Guide for instructions on
how to change the displayed units. If OAT is not valid (i.e., disconnected or
damaged), then "OAT ---" is displayed.
Figure 35–
Example OAT
Synthetic Vision (SYNVIS)
Synthetic Vision depictions of terrain, runways, obstacles, and other information
are meant as informational aids only. These depictions should not be used as the
primary means for obtaining situational awareness of these features in flight.
Terrain data is obtained from third party sources. Dynon cannot independently
verify the accuracy of terrain data at all geographical points.
When valid GPS data is available and Synthetic Vision is licensed on a SkyView display, the PFD
features integrated Synthetic Vision. Synthetic Vision displays the terrain directly ahead of the
aircraft. Terrain is graphically represented in sectional chart color variations which represent
topographical elevations and water features. Terrain is textured with a subtle checkerboard
pattern to aid in identifying aircraft movement.
You may toggle the Synthetic Vision system off or on at any time. Press PFD on the Main Menu,
then press MODE and then press SYNVIS.
Figure 36 contains an example SkyView Synthetic Vision view.
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Figure 36–SkyView Synthetic Vision View
Runways on Synthetic Vision
Runways are depicted at airports for which runway information is available in the US only. See
the Moving Map Operation section for more information about aviation data availability. Note
that in many cases, the information in the Synthetic Vision depictions of runways may not
match the actual physical markings seen in real life. In fact, in many cases, the Synthetic Vision
depictions show more information about them. The following information is shown on
Synthetic Vision runways:



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

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Runway edge lines
Runway centerline
Runway numbers
Runway thresholds / displaced thresholds
Aiming point markings: two white strips drawn 1000’ after the threshold on runways
4000’ and longer
Runway width threshold markings: drawn immediately after the runway threshold,
these groups of parallel lines visually indicate the width of the runway in the following
manner according to runway width:
o 0’-59’ wide: no lines
o 60’-74’ wide: 4 lines
o 75’-99’ wide: 6 lines
o 100’-149’ wide: 8 lines
o 150’-199’: 10 lines
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o 200’+: 12 lines
Obstacles on Synthetic Vision
Obstacles are only depicted when the Navigation Mapping Software is licensed or in its 30 flight
hour free introductory trial mode. See the SV-MAP-270 Navigation Mapping Software section
for more information about map licensing and obtaining obstacle data.
Obstacles are only shown on Synthetic Vision if their highest point is within 1000 feet below
your aircraft’s GPS altitude. If the highest point of an obstacle is within 100 feet below your
current GPS altitude to anywhere above you, it will be red. If the highest point of the obstacle is
between 100 and 1000 feet below your current GPS altitude, the obstacle will be yellow. This is
the same color scheme used on the Map Page as described in the Topography with Terrain
Proximity Alerts Section.
Obstacles are shown at their actual height above the ground. In other words, if the flight path
marker is above the top of an obstacle in the Synthetic Vision version, your aircraft should clear
it in real life as well.
The tower symbology used to denote different types of obstacles is the same as used in the
Moving Map depiction. See the Moving Map Symbology section of this guide for more
information.
Traffic on Synthetic Vision
When a device that can receive traffic information is installed and configured, traffic can be
displayed within the Synthetic Vision display to improve situational awareness.
Figure 37 - Traffic Display on Synthetic Vision
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Traffic information is informational only, and does not relieve the pilot-in-command
of his or her responsibility to see and avoid traffic.
The graphical depiction of traffic is only displayed when Synthetic Vision is turned
on via the PFD>SYNVIS menu option. However, the yellow textual “TRAFFIC” alert
message on the PFD page is always shown when Traffic Advisories are known and
traffic is enabled.
Traffic is displayed as reported by the device sending it to SkyView. The precision
and accuracy of the location of traffic targets may vary from device to device, and
this may impact how accurately the position is represented on the SkyView display.
For example: TIS traffic updates, such as those received by the SV-XPNDR-26X, may
be anywhere from 2-12 seconds old due to radar latency and other technical
factors. Be sure to understand the traffic-detection capabilities of your traffic
device thoroughly so you understand how to best interpret the position of the
traffic displayed on SkyView.
Traffic targets are displayed using the same symbols that are used on the Map Page display of
traffic. See the traffic section in the SV-MAP-270 Navigation Mapping Software section for
complete descriptions of the types of targets that may be shown. Unlike the Map Page display,
however, relative altitude is not provided numerically on Synthetic Vision. Instead, relative
altitude is depicted by having the traffic symbols appear either above or below the zero pitch
line, just like they would be if you were looking at traffic out the window. For example, in the
figure above, all of the traffic targets being displayed are above our current altitude. Similarly,
traffic targets that are shown to the left or right of the center of the attitude indicator are not
directly ahead of you.
Traffic displayed on the PFD page can be configured to include just Traffic
Advisories (TA), all targets, or no targets. See the SkyView System Installation Guide
for information on how to configure how traffic is displayed.
Note that traffic is not visually scaled for distance. In other words, targets always appear the
same size on the Synthetic Vision depiction, no matter how far away they are. However, yellow
Traffic Advisory Targets (threats) are displayed larger than the diamond shaped Proximity
Advisory Targets and Non-Threat Targets to accentuate their increased importance.
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Figure 38 - Traffic Advisory on
Synthetic Vision
Figure 39 - Proximity Advisory on
Synthetic Vision
Figure 40 - Non Threat on Synthetic
Vision
Additionally, yellow Traffic Advisory targets contain a number within them that represents how
far away they are (in miles, nautical miles, or kilometers, depending on your system setup) from
your aircraft. The yellow Traffic Advisory target in Figure 41, for example, is 3 miles away, to the
left, above, and descending.
Figure 41 - Traffic Alert
When a Traffic Advisory target is present, a yellow Traffic Alert Message appears on the PFD
Page near the top of the IAS tape. Note that Traffic Advisory targets behind your aircraft will
generate alerts. They can be seen on the Map Page, but will not be visible on the Synthetic
Vision display as Synthetic Vision only shows the view in front of the aircraft.
Extreme Pitch Warning Indicators
The SkyView PFD shows large red arrows as pitch warning indicators in extreme attitudes (i.e.,
45 degrees or greater pitch up or down). These indicators point to the horizon and indicate
which way to maneuver to attain a level attitude. Indicators are accompanied with a small sliver
of sky or ground bordered with a white dashed horizon line, depending on the current attitude.
The pitch warning indicators can be enabled or disabled through the setup menus. See the
SkyView System Installation Guide for information about this setting. Figure 42 illustrates the
pitch up warning arrows with the slivers of ground.
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Figure 42–Extreme Pitch Warning Indicator Arrows
Six-Pack Presentation
In firmware version 10.0 or later, SkyView includes the traditional six-pack analog presentation
of flight instruments as well as the EFIS tape-based display. SkyView’s “six-pack” flight
instrumentation mode lets you fly the gauges you’re used to if you’re new to glass. After flying
in the six-pack mode, try out the “EFIS” style as you get comfortable: changing the presentation
is just a few buttons away.
Figure 43 - Analog PFD with Synthetic Vision
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Figure 44 - Analog PFD without Synthetic Vision
To turn on the six-pack, SynVis, or EFIS presentation go to the PFD Menu > MODE and select the
layers to turn on either EFIS or SIX-PACK with or without SYNVIS. All the same information is
displayed on the six-pack and EFIS tapes and the six-pack format respects all the same settings.
All of the information boxes for Density Altitude, True Airspeed, Autopilot alert banners, Flight
Director, and bugs, etc. appear just like they do for the EFIS tapes. However, EFIS tapes are
required to view the Extreme Pitch Warning Indicators. The six-pack presentation can be turned
off completely in the Setup Menu, see the SkyView System Installation Guide for details.
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ADAHRS (Flight Instrument) Redundancy and Cross-Checking
SkyView systems support multiple SV-ADAHRS-20X modules for redundancy and manage failure
scenarios by automatically switching to backup modules should an ADAHRS completely fail.
Additionally, in the event that multiple ADAHRS disagree, the display will annunciate this with
an on-screen alert that calls out which parameter(s) are not the same on all ADAHRS.
Parameters that are continuously cross-checked include attitude (pitch and roll), magnetic
heading, G Meter, turn coordinator (slip/skid ball), airspeed, and altitude.
Figure 45 - ADAHRS Cross-Checking Disagreement
Once SkyView has annunciated a cross-check comparison problem, press COMPARE to see both
ADAHRS side-by side. The ADAHRS that was previously displayed on the PFD is labeled
“ACTIVE”, while the one that was not previously being displayed - but which was being used as
the cross-check reference – will be labeled as “STANDBY”. Additionally, the labels “PRIMARY”
and “ALTERNATE” designate which ADAHRS is normally displayed when both are in agreement
and neither is disabled.
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Figure 46 - ADAHRS Cross-Check Comparison
Once you have determined which ADAHRS is incorrect, press DISABLE to tell SkyView not to use
it for the duration of the flight:
Figure 47 - ADAHRS Cross-Check Comparison (one ADAHRS disabled)
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Figure 48 - ADAHRS Cross-Check Comparison – six-pack
Press exit to return to normal operation. The PFD will annunciate that only a single ADAHRS is
available for use:
Figure 49 - Single ADAHRS Mode Flag
If, after you’ve entered the ADAHRS comparison screen, you do not disable an ADAHRS, a red
warning and ADAHRS CROSS CHK ERROR alert will persist in the Message Alert Area (above
button 8). To go back to the ADAHRS comparison screen to disable an ADAHRS, see the below
instructions:
ADAHRS Source Selection and Configuration
Enter the ADAHRS Source Selection Page: IN FLIGHT SETUP MENU (press/hold buttons 7/8)>
ADAHRS SOURCE SELECTION…).
If you are on the ground, this will be under SETUP MENU > PFD SETUP > ADAHRS SOURCE
SELECTION.
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ADAHRS Status
The ADAHRS labeled ACTIVE is the one that is being displayed on the PFD.
An ADAHRS labeled STANDBY is being used for cross-checking, but it is not being displayed on
the PFD.
PRIMARY / ALTERNATE ADAHRS Selection
The ADAHRS labeled PRIMARY is the one that will be preferentially chosen by SkyView as the
active ADAHRS.
An ADAHRS labeled ALTERNATE is one that is available to be used in the event of a failure or
problem with the primary ADAHRS. However, it normally won’t be chosen for display on the
PFD unless the primary ADAHRS has failed or has manually been disabled.
To change which ADAHRS is the PRIMARY ADAHRS, highlight an ALTERNATE ADAHRS and press
the PRIMARY button to elevate it to PRIMARY status.
To disable an ADAHRS until SkyView is next powered up, simply highlight it with the joystick and
press the DISABLE button.
To see the same comparison screen that is presented when a cross-check error occurs, press
the COMPARE button at the bottom of the display.
Press BACK to exit the ADAHRS Source Selection Page or press EXIT to return to the Main Menu.
Either of these actions will save the ADAHRS source settings.
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PFD Menu
The PFD Menu is accessible from the Main Menu by pressing PFD (MAIN MENU > PFD). Users
can reset the baro, toggle Synthetic Vision on or off, and configure the bearing and NAV
sources.
Back
Press BACK to return to the Main Menu.
G Meter
Press G METER to toggle the G Meter on and off. When the G Meter is displayed, it replaces the
HSI/Compass Rose, though numerical magnetic heading above the HSI area remains. The G
Meter shows an analog “needle” that indicates the instantaneous G loading of the aircraft.
Depending on how the G Meter is configured, the analog range may have yellow and/or red
caution ranges configured to visually indicate aircraft G limits are being approached.
Instantaneous G information is also shown digitally in the center of the gauge.
Figure 50 - G Meter on PFD
The smaller digital numbers above and below the larger instantaneous G number are the
maximum and minimum Gs that the aircraft has experienced since the G Meter was last reset.
Press PFD > RESET G to manually reset the G Meter. The G Meter may also be set up to
automatically reset the min/max G readings every time SkyView starts up.
The G Meter can also be configured to “pop up” automatically under certain conditions. When
configured this way, the G Meter will appear automatically when the aircraft’s instantaneous G
loads exceed thresholds that have been selected. Once the G Meter has appeared, it will
remain on the display until the instantaneous aircraft G loading falls back below those
thresholds.
See the SkyView System Installation Guide for further information about G Meter configuration.
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MODE
Figure 51 - PFD Display Mode Selection Options
Enter the Mode menu to switch between EFIS tapes and Six-Pack primary flight instrument
presentations. You can also turn Synthetic Vision on and off here.
Bearing Source 1 (BRG 1)
Press this button to cycle through the available bearing sources for the first bearing needle.
HSI Source (HSI SRC)
SkyView’s Navigation Mapping Software course information can be displayed on
the SkyView HSI display when it is navigating to an active waypoint. It is always the
SKYVIEW source.
Press this button to cycle the HSI through the different navigation data sources that are
connected to the SkyView system (e.g., GPS 0-4, NAV 1-4, or custom names that may be
configured). Other than SKYVIEW, which is sourced from SkyView’s own Navigation Mapping
Software, these are all external navigation devices such as other portable GPS units (such as the
Garmin 496), panel mounted IFR GPS systems (such as the Garmin 430), and panel-mounted
navigation radios (such as the Garmin SL30). In SkyView firmware version 10.0+, pilots can
change the displayed names of external GPS and NAV radios to custom names (e.g. GPS 1 could
become “GTN650”, for example). These names appear on the PFD HSI Info Item, and for ARINC
IFR GPSs such as the GTN and GNS series, in the Flight Plan menu as well (see Navigation
Mapping Software features for more details). Reference the SkyView System Installation Guide
for more information regarding external serial navigation device installation, configuration and
naming.
Note that using the HSI SRC button to toggle the HSI source does not affect what is displayed on
the SkyView map: It normally displays the flight plan from SkyView’s own GPS mapping
capabilities. However, note that from within the MAP Menu there exists a feature that allows
one to display flight plans from external IFR GPS devices on the map.
As this button is used frequently for IFR flight with the Autopilot, and is duplicated
in the Autopilot menu for convenience.
Bearing Source 2 (BRG 2)
Press this button to cycle through the available bearing sources for the second bearing needle.
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Bugs
Enter the Bugs Menu to configure which bugs are on or off. Reference the PFD Symbology Bugs
Section for more information.
Messages (Text Varies)
The Message Alert Area is always present above the rightmost button and contains important
SkyView messages and alerts.
Top Bar
The Top Bar contains a clock, as well as status information for Autopilot, Transponder, SkyView
Backup Battery and COM Radio. Clock behavior is described here. All other Top Bar behavior is
covered in the relevant chapter of this guide.
The clock is part of the Top Bar which is always displayed regardless of the screen
layout.
The clock is always displayed centered at the top of the screen in all screen display modes on
the Top Bar in 24 hour/military format. Time is initially sourced from a GPS feed and is only
displayed when valid GPS data is being received or if (primary or
battery) power has been maintained continuously since valid
GPS data was received. If there has never been an initial GPS
Figure 52–Example SkyView Clock
time set or time has been lost due to loss of power,”--:--:--“ is
displayed. When valid GPS data is received again, time will be
displayed.
Reference the How to Configure the Top Bar Section of this guide for instructions on how to
configure the Top Bar.
Up/Down Timers
A configurable count up/down timer can be found by going to TOOLS > TIMER.
Figure 53 - Timer Menu
Figure 54 - Up Timer
Figure 55 –Down Timer
Figure 56 - Down Timer Expiring
Once the TIMER menu is entered, the clock in the top bar displays TIMER information instead of
the local or UTC clock that is normally shown. Leaving the timer menu will restore the clock if a
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timer is not running.
To operate the timer once in the TIMER menu:
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



MIN and SEC knobs: Turn to set the time
BACK: Leaves the timer menu and returns you to the Main Menu
ZERO: Resets the timer to zero
LAST: Resets a DOWN timer to the last value it was set to before it was started
DOWN/UP: Toggles the timer mode. Both count-up and count down timers are
available.
o When a DOWN timer reaches zero, an audible “timer expired” message is played
(if audio output is connected), the timer flashes white for a few seconds, and a
“timer expired” alert is annunciated in the message alert area. Press button 8 to
view and acknowledge this alert. If a DOWN timer is not reset, the timer will
continue to count down negatively.
o When the UP timer is running, it will stop at 99:59 minutes.
RUN: Turns the timer on and off. RUN is highlighted when the timer is on.
SkyView Knob Control Panel Operation
The SV-KNOB-PANEL SkyView knob control panel adds three additional dedicated knobs to the
SkyView system for the most frequently adjusted bugs. One knob is dedicated to each of the
Altitude Bug (ALT), Altimeter Setting (BARO) and Heading/Track Bug (HDG/TRK) on the primary
flight display. These knobs behave exactly like the SkyView joystick knobs do when they are set
to these functions: turn them to adjust the value they control. Press and hold them to
synchronize the ALT and HDG/TRK bugs to the aircraft’s current altitude or heading/track, or to
set the altimeter setting (BARO) to standard pressure (29.92 inHg or 1013 millibars).
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5. EMS Operation
This chapter describes SkyView EMS functionality and a few of the advanced ways to use it to
monitor the health and operation of your engine.
This chapter references the Engine Page. This page should have been configured
during SkyView installation. Reference the SkyView System Installation Guide for
more information.
Engine Page Layout
The three Engine Pages (100%, 50%, and 20%) should have been configured during
installation. The appearance of the 20% and 50% Engine Pages are not scaled down
versions of the 100% Engine Page. They are unique layouts and must be laid out
individually.
The Engine Page as shown in Figure 57 displays important engine parameters acquired using an
SV-EMS-220 module, its sensors, and other advanced engine monitoring features.
Figure 57–Example 50% SkyView Engine Page
Its appearance is determined using the Screen Layout Editor under the EMS Setup Menu and
should have been configured during installation. All EMS widgets that have assignable color
ranges, can include: red, yellow, green, black, blue, white, purple, cyan, and orange, for
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customization. For more information regarding the Screen Layout Editor, reference the SkyView
System Installation Guide.
The green markings on pitch/roll/rudder trim indications, if they exist, nominally depict the
take-off position markings as defined during calibration.
Engine warning alerts are only triggered when their respective sensors are
configured as self-clearing or latching alarms. If a sensor’s alarm is configured as
off, no alert will trigger, even if that sensor’s measurement enters a range defined
as red. Reference the SkyView System Installation Guide for more information
regarding alarm configuration.
Engine parameters only trigger alerts in the Message Notification Area and
Message Window when they enter their “red” ranges. In other words, “yellow”
caution ranges for engine parameters do not trigger alerts. Yellow caution ranges,
however, are visually annunciated via yellow highlighting on the Engine Page.
Combined CHT/EGT Gauge
The combined CHT/EGT Gauge shown in Figure 58 displays all of the engine’s CHTs and EGTs in
one compact gauge. EGTs are displayed numerically down the right side of the gauge. They are
represented graphically by the solid yellow/green/red bar graph. CHTs are displayed
numerically on the left side of the gauge. They are graphically represented by the white “tick
marks” that overlay the EGT bars. When caution or alarm points are red, this tick mark changes
colors with the numbers. This representation allows all CHTs and EGTs to be displayed in a way
that affords quick comparison of their values, whether raw data or a graphical comparison is
preferred.
Figure 58 - Combined CHT/EGT Gauge
Rotax 912 Behavior
SkyView can be configured to adjust the oil temperature and tachometer gauges for the Rotax
912 engine dynamically to reflect limitations that Rotax specifies for that engine. When this
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behavior is turned on (per the SkyView System Installation Guide), the tachometer and oil
temperature behave in the following ways:
Tachometer for Rotax 912:
When OIL TEMP < 120ºF, the TACHOMETER displays these ranges:
 0-1400 and 4000-6000 RPM in RED
 1400-1800 and 2500-4000 RPM in YELLOW
 1800-2500 RPM in GREEN
When OIL TEMP > 120ºF, the TACHOMETER displays different ranges:
 0-1400 and 5800-6000 RPM in RED
 1400-1800 and 5500-5800 RPM in YELLOW
 1800-5500 RPM in GREEN
The alarm type for the tachometer is the “self-clearing” type.
Oil Temperature Gauge for Rotax 912:
When OIL TEMP < 190ºF, the OIL TEMP gauge displays these ranges:
 100-120 and 230-266ºF in YELLOW
 120-190ºF in GREEN if OIL TEMP has been above 190ºF “more recently” than OIL TEMP was
below 120ºF; otherwise 120-190ºF is displayed in BLACK OUTLINED IN WHITE
 190-230ºF in GREEN
 266-280ºF in RED.
When OIL TEMP is > 190ºF, the OIL TEMP gauge will display different ranges:
 100-120 and 230-266ºF in YELLOW
 120-230ºF in GREEN
 266-280ºF in RED
The alarm type for oil temperature is the “self-clearing” type.
Engine Menu
LEAN
The engine monitor provides multiple methods to assist you in setting the mixture of your
engine for various functions. The first, and most basic, is to just watch the EGT display as the
engine is richened or leaned. You can watch for the EGTs to peak and then richen or lean as
desired from that point. The engine monitor also includes a leaning function to automate this
process.
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To activate leaning mode, press LEAN. With this mode activated, LEAN highlights, and the label
“LEAN” is displayed underneath the EGT bars to clearly differentiate it from the normal
operating mode. This is depicted in Figure 59.
Figure 59–Entering Lean Mode
As each cylinder peaks, the cylinder numbers on the left side of the EGT bars are replaced by a
number indicating the cylinder peak sequence, followed by the difference from its peak
temperature (on combined EGT/CHT graphs pages, this information replaces the EGT
temperature itself due to space constraints). Given this information, you may set your mixture
more accurately to achieve a given EGT delta value on either the rich or lean side of peak EGT.
This is depicted in Figure 60.
Figure 60–EGTs Peaking
After the last cylinder peaks during a leaning operation the difference in fuel flow between the
first and last cylinder peaks is displayed. If the fuel flow decreases, it is shown as Lean of Peak. If
fuel flow increases, it is shown as Rich of Peak. This is depicted in Figure 61.
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Figure 61–Lean of Peak
To exit the Lean mode, press LEAN again; the EGT/CHT display then returns to its normal state.
For best results, lean carefully by making small adjustments and allowing some time for
temperatures to stabilize before leaning further. In addition to the EGT temperatures, you can
also watch the fuel flow rate and CHT temperatures. Carefully read and follow your engine
manufacturer’s leaning recommendations for best performance.
On some engines, when given the proper set of inputs, the EMS can also calculate lean-of-peak
or rich-of-peak operation in real time. To do this, the EMS needs access to OAT, MAP, RPM,
Altitude and fuel flow, engine horsepower setting, engine redline setting, and be used on a
normally aspirated Lycoming or Continental engines. This information is based on Lycoming and
Continental power charts and is updated in real time. The leaning information has four states:
LOP, ROP, and PK (Peak), and UND (undetermined). This information can be used to determine
when it is safe to lean the engine, and if the current operating state is near peak or not. While
this information is based on published charts, you should independently verify via manual
leaning that this data matches your install and engine. If the EMS does not have all of the
information it needs to calculate the peak state, UND (undetermined) is shown.
FUEL
The FUEL menu primarily contains controls for adjusting the fuel computer. See the dedicated
Fuel Computer section for details on fuel computer operation.
CLR TMR
Press CLR TMR to reset both the Engine Trip Timer and the Flight Trip Timer to 0 hours. See the
Timers section for more information on timer functions.
Timers
SkyView has internal tach, Hobbs, and other timers that each run at different times. EMS timers
are available for placement on the Engine Pages via the Screen Layout Editor. For more
information regarding the Screen Layout Editor, reference the SkyView System Installation
Guide.
Engine timers are displayed at 1/10 hour increments.
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Tach Time - labeled TACH when displayed on an Engine Page - is a measure of engine time
normalized to a cruise RPM. The cruise RPM parameter must be set properly in the system
setup to generate a correct tach time
Hobbs Time - labeled HOBBS when displayed on an Engine Page - is a simple timer that runs
whenever the oil pressure is above 15 PSI or the engine is above 200 RPM. It essentially runs
when the engine does.
The Engine Run Timer - labeled RUN TIME when displayed on an Engine Page - is a Hobbs style
timer that records the time your engine has been running during your current flight. It resets
the first time the engine is started after SkyView is powered on. This allows you to view your
previous flight’s Engine Run Time any time before you start your engine before a flight.
The Engine Trip Timer - labeled TRIP RUN when displayed on an Engine Page - is a Hobbs style
timer that records the time your engine has been running. Unlike the Hobbs time, it can be
reset by pressing ENGINE > CLR TMR.
The Total Air Timer - labeled AIR TOTAL when displayed on an Engine Page - runs any time that
SkyView determines that the aircraft is in flight. SkyView uses the presence of significant
airspeed or GPS speed to decide whether the aircraft is flying. This timer can only be reset or
adjusted in the Aircraft Information menu within SkyView Setup. See the SkyView System
Installation Guide for information about using SkyView’s Setup Menu.
The Air Timer - labeled AIR TIME when displayed on an Engine Page - runs any time SkyView
determines the aircraft is in flight. SkyView uses the presence of significant airspeed or GPS
speed to decide whether the aircraft is flying. Resets as SkyView detects that the aircraft has
transition to “in the air” This time is also optionally used to calculate the Switch Fuel Tank
Reminder.
The Air Trip Timer - labeled AIR TRIP when displayed on an Engine Page -runs any time that
SkyView determines that the aircraft is in flight, just like the Total Flight Timer. Unlike the Total
Air Timer, it can be reset by pressing ENGINE > CLR TMR.
A Switch Fuel Tank Reminder can be configured to alert the pilot to switch their fuel tanks at a
set time or fuel usage interval (based on the fuel computer’s fuel calculations). When enabled,
it will periodically annunciate a “Switch Fuel Tank” alert message and audio alert. There is no
visible counter for this timer. See the SkyView System Installation Guide for details on
configuring this reminder.
Fuel Computer
The Fuel Remaining, Fuel Used, Fuel Efficiency, Fuel at Waypoint, and Range values
are not directly measured. These values are calculated based upon measured flow
rates and user input of fuel quantity. Do not use these values as primary indicators.
By using the optional fuel flow sensor and GPS information together, SkyView can generate and
display different info items that pertain to your aircraft’s computed fuel state and performance.
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They are available for placement on the Engine Pages via the Screen Layout Editor. For more
information regarding the Screen Layout Editor, reference the SkyView System Installation
Guide.
The Fuel Remaining info item displays the current amount of fuel computed on board, based on
your input of the aircraft’s starting fuel state and the amount of fuel that has the fuel flow
sensor has seen flow through it.
The Fuel Used info item displays the amount of fuel that has been used during your flight. Note
that Fuel Used resets itself when the unit detects that oil pressure has exceeded 15 PSI for the
first time after being powered on. This allows you to view the fuel used value from your last
flight before engine start.
The Time Remaining info item displays how much time is estimated remaining before the
aircraft is out of fuel.
The Fuel Efficiency info item displays how efficiently the aircraft is using fuel with respect to the
speed it is traveling over the ground (mi/gal, kt/gal, km/ltr).
The Fuel at Waypoint info item displays how much fuel will remain at the next waypoint. This
info item uses the current HSI navigation source for waypoint information, and only displays
information when there is a waypoint being navigated to. It assumes you are flying directly at
the waypoint and does not adjust for non-direct flights.
The Fuel Range info item displays the distance the aircraft can travel at its current GPS ground
speed before it is out of fuel.
In Dual Engine installations SkyView’s fuel computer computations may or may not
be combined between displays, depending on the configuration. See the Dual
Engine Monitoring section below for details.
Fuel Menu (Adjusting the Fuel Computer)
To obtain accurate data, you must reset the fuel computer every time you add fuel
to the aircraft. SkyView can assist with this through the Fuel Auto Detect setting
described in this section.
Fuel computer adjustments are made under the ENGINE > FUEL menu. When FUEL is pressed,
the window in Figure 62 is displayed:
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Figure 62–Fuel Computer and Fuel Menu
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

“Fuel Computer Quantity Adjustment” is the amount of fuel that you have told the fuel
computer to presently add or subtract from the previous total fuel state.
“Current Fuel Computer Quantity” is the total amount of fuel on board as far as the fuel
computer knows. This is the number that ultimately needs to be correct in order for the
fuel computer to accurately perform its calculations.
“Measured Fuel (In-Tank Sensors)” is the amount of fuel measured by the resistive or
capacitance senders, if installed. If these are well-calibrated, then the Total Fuel and the
Measured Fuel lines should be very close to each other.
There are a few different ways to adjust the fuel computer’s fuel state:





While the FUEL menu is displayed, turn the FUEL knob to add or subtract fuel. This is
limited to adjustments that set the Total Fuel to between 0 and the total fuel capacity as
defined in the Setup Menu.
Press FULL to have SkyView recall a previously programmed amount of fuel which
represents the full fuel load of the aircraft. See the SkyView System Installation Guide
for information about how to set this value.
Press PRESET to have SkyView recall a previously programmed amount of fuel which
represents different fuel loading besides “full”. This is commonly used in aircraft that
have visual tabs in the tanks to easily fill to a non-full but well-defined fuel state. See the
SkyView System Installation Guide for information about how to set this value.
Press MATCH to have SkyView automatically add/subtract the appropriate amount of
fuel so that Total Fuel matches the Measured Fuel value that the physical fuel tank
sensors are measuring. Press ACCEPT to confirm the new displayed Total Fuel and exits
the FUEL menu,
Press CANCEL to discard any changes made to the Total Fuel and exit the FUEL menu.
Beware that the value that SkyView adjusts the fuel computer when MATCH is used
is only as accurate as your fuel level sensor measurements.
Auto Fuel Detect
The fuel computer can optionally be configured to detect when fuel has been added while
SkyView was off, as would be the case during a normal refueling operation. When configured to
detect fuel additions, SkyView will automatically display the FUEL menu upon startup as a
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reminder to adjust the fuel computer, along with a FUEL MISMATCH message to indicate that
the fuel measured by the in-tank fuel quantity sensors does not closely match the fuel
computer’s fuel remaining value.
Dual Engine Monitoring
For aircraft with two engines, SkyView can be configured to monitor both engines when two
SV-EMS-22X modules are installed. This requires two or more SkyView displays in the system, as
each EMS module’s information is displayed on one display exclusively. In this set up each
engine is monitored independently on a single display.
One exception to the above is that SkyView’s flow-based fuel computer feature can be
configured in one of two ways: In one configuration, it will totalize all fuel and usage
throughout the aircraft – as you’d want when there is a single combined fuel system in the
aircraft. Alternatively, it can compute each engine’s fuel totals and usage quantities separately,
as you’d want if each engine were served by a completely independent fuel system. In either
case, the instantaneous fuel flow reading will be indicative of the current fuel usage of the
corresponding engine. The following info items will either be based on either the total fuel in
the aircraft or the total fuel per fuel system: Fuel Remaining, Fuel Used, Fuel Efficiency, Fuel at
Waypoint, and Range values.
In a dual engine system, the following timers are running when either engine is running: Run
Time, Total Air Time, Trip Run, Air Trip, and Air Timer. However, the Hobbs and Tach timers are
tied to the individual engine.
See the SkyView System Installation Guide for more details on setup and configuration of dual
engine monitoring.
VP-X Operation
Dynon SkyView can interface with the Vertical Power VP-X System to provide robust monitoring
and control of your electrical system via your SkyView system. In order to use this feature, a
Vertical Power VP-X system is required, along with software license for the VP-X features within
SkyView.
VP-X License Information
The VP-X software features are enabled on Dynon SkyView by purchasing a VP-X license code
from Dynon Avionics and entering it into your SkyView system. Only one VP-X license is needed
in a SkyView system, no matter how many displays are attached. That license is applied to only
one display, but that display stores the license information for the entire system. In normal use,
license information is shared with all displays connected via SkyView Network to allow the VP-X
features to be operated on any display in the system.
Information about purchasing a license, installing a VP-X license on a SkyView system, and
configuring SkyView to properly interface with the VP-X can be found by referencing BOTH the
Dynon SkyView System Installation Guide and the Vertical Power VP-X manuals.
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VP-X SkyView Interface Overview
SkyView’s VP-X page provides the ability for SkyView to view and control the following features
of the VP-X:
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Show a list of all configured channels on the VP-X, including the starter, alternator, trim,
and flap channels.
Show the status of each circuit, whether on or off or faulted (and type of fault).
Total current draw of all circuits.
View the current draw, in amps, of each circuit, down to 1/10 of an Amp.
Reset a faulted circuit.
Show graphical electrical system diagram, including battery, alternator and system
currents, main bus voltage and aux aircraft battery voltage (if any).
Allow manual control of each individual circuit, including trim and flaps.
Display of trim and flaps position.
Pitch trim speed, as a percentage of maximum speed.
Display VP-X system faults.
On the Engine Page: Widgets for VP-X measured battery voltage, VP-X measured starter
status, and VP-X fault status can be added to any of the EMS pages via the EMS SETUP >
SCREEN LAYOUT EDITOR.
Displaying the VP-X Page
The VP-X page is displayed on-demand by pressing MAIN MENU > ENGINE > VP-X. In addition to
bringing up the VP-X page alongside the Engine Page, this will also bring up the VP-X menu
along the bottom of the display. Once in the VP-X menu, pressing BACK will both close the VP-X
page and back out of the VP-X menu.
Because the VP-X page is part of the Engine Page, the Engine Page must be visible on the
display that you are trying to access the VP-X page on. The ENGINE page can be toggled on and
off on a display by pressing MAIN MENU > SCREEN > EMS PG.
The Engine Page dynamically resizes to accommodate the VP-X page alongside of it. If all of the
PFD, Engine, and Map Pages were being displayed when the VP-X page is toggled on, the Map
Page will automatically be removed to accommodate the VP-X page. When you turn the VP-X
page off, the Map Page will automatically be re-opened.
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Figure 63 - VP-X Page with Fault
Graphical Electrical System Diagram
The top portion of the VP-X page depicts the following information about your aircraft’s
electrical system graphically:
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Center, bottom (Vertical Power logo): Total current draw of all circuits in the system.
Yellow cautions and red warning levels are triggered at the values specified during
setup.
Upper left: Main and auxiliary (if installed) alternators. The status of the alternator, as
well as the amount of current (in Amps) it is producing is displayed. Current will not be
displayed if an amps shunt is not installed and connected to SkyView. Yellow cautions
and red warning levels are triggered at the values specified during setup. Additionally, if
SkyView detects airspeed but not an active alternator, a fault will be generated.
Upper/lower Right: Main and auxiliary (if installed) aircraft batteries. Displays voltage of
the aircraft batteries, as well as the amount of current flowing into or out of the
batteries. Current will not be displayed if an amps shunt is not installed and connected
to SkyView. When current is available, an arrow next to the Amps reading depicts
whether the battery is charging or discharging by the way that it is pointing. An arrow
pointing towards the battery implies that current is flowing into the battery. In other
words, it is charging. Yellow cautions and red warning levels are triggered at the values
specified during setup.
Lower left: Fault. Displayed when VP-X detects fault in a circuit, system overvoltage,
system overcurrent, and other failures. Look at all elements on the VP-X page to identify
the specific error.
Power Circuit List
The bottom ¾ of the VP-X page depicts the status of all circuits that have been configured and
are enabled in the VP-X setup process.
The center column displays the name of the circuit.
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EMS Operation
The column to the left of the circuit name is blank when the circuit is turned off, displays a
green checkmark when it is turned on, and displays a red “X” when there is a fault condition.
The column to the right of the circuit depicts contextual information about the circuit.
Nominally, this is the current draw - in Amps - for circuits that are powered on.
If the circuit is in a fault condition, the fault condition is described. Possible fault conditions for
circuits include:




OVERV: Over Voltage Limit (alternator only)
SHORT: Shot Circuit
OVERC: Over Current
OPEN: Open Circuit
Additional information that is only displayed for flaps/trim includes:
 RUNWY: Runaway trim or flaps
 ACTVE: Actively moving trim or flaps
 DSABL: Trim or flaps disabled
Circuit Control
Whenever the VP-X page is being displayed, the joystick underneath that page lets you highlight
and select each circuit. Simply rotate or move the joystick up and down to select a circuit. If a
fault exists, the first faulted circuit will be automatically highlighted.
When a circuit is selected the menu at the bottom of the SkyView screen automatically changes
to allow control of the circuit.
All Circuits
 RESET button: Press this button to reset any circuit that has a fault condition that the
VP-X will allow to be reset. This button will be grayed out and unavailable if the circuit is
not in a fault condition.
Flaps and Trim Circuit Controls
 UP and DOWN buttons:
o For Elevator Trim: Moves the elevator trim up or down as described in the VP-X
documentation. This button can be held down for continuous trim movement.
o For Flaps: Moves flaps up or down as described in the VP-X documentation.
Depending on the VP-X configuration, a single quick press of the UP or DOWN
button may move the flaps to a preconfigured angle or notch of flaps. Or, it may
only move the flaps momentarily. This button can be held down for continuous
trim movement.
 LEFT and RIGHT buttons:
o For Roll Trim: Moves the roll trim left or right as described in the VP-X
documentation. This button can be held down for continuous trim movement.
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Power Circuits
 ON and OFF buttons: Press these buttons to turn a circuit or device on or off on
demand. These buttons are not available if the circuit is in a fault condition. ON and OFF
override the physical VP-X switch for the circuit (if configured) until the relevant VP-X
physical switch is toggled.
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6. Transponder Operation
Dynon Avionics offers two transponder modules that can be connected to SkyView. When
installed and configured, SkyView displays gain an integrated transponder that is controlled
directly from the SkyView display.
The SV-XPNDR-262 is a Class 2 Mode S transponder that is limited to use beneath 15,000 feet
and under 175 knots. The SV-XPNDR-261 is a Class 1 Mode S transponder that can be used
above those limitations. Throughout this manual, they are often referred to together as the SVXPNDR-26X for instructions that apply to both versions. Be sure that your aircraft is operated
within the limitations of the transponder model that is installed in your aircraft.
When connected to a capable GPS, the SV-XPNDR-26X will output ADS-B OUT messages via its
1090ES capability.
The SV-XPNDR-26X transponder is controlled using the SkyView’s on-screen menu system. This
allows the transponder to be mounted separately from the instrument panel, and reduces the
amount of panel space taken by the transponder. SkyView also provides pressure altitude
directly to the transponder, eliminating the need for a separate altitude encoder.
Transponder Status
When the transponder is installed and configured, the Top Bar will display transponder status
as shown in the following figure:
Figure 64 - Transponder Status Area in Top Bar
The transponder status area is comprised of the following status elements:

Squawk Code: This code is transmitted when the transponder is in a broadcast mode.

Transponder Mode: Displays the current operating mode and status of the transponder.
Modes in which the transponder will reply to interrogations are colored green, while
other modes, such as standby and errors, are in yellow or red. The different modes
possible include:
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a. SBY: The transponder is on, but will not reply to any interrogations. This is the
mode that the transponder is in when none of the modes below are active.
b. GND: The transponder will respond to Mode S ground interrogations from
surface movement radar.
c. AUTO (replaces GND, above): Available when the transponder is configured to
automatically switch between ALT/GND automatically (see the SkyView System
Installation Guide for details). When AUTO is selected, the transponder will
automatically switch between ALT and GND modes - reflected in the transponder
status in the top bar – using a combination of GPS and air data changes.
d. ON: The transponder will respond to all interrogations, but altitude reporting is
suppressed.
e. ALT: The transponder will respond to all interrogations.
f. IDT: Displayed while the transponder is broadcasting an ident after the IDENT
button is pressed at ATC’s request.
g. Big red “X” (covering entire transponder status area): Indicates an error, either
with the transponder itself or in the communication between the transponder
module and SkyView. The transponder is not responding to interrogations. Check
the wiring and settings between the transponder module and SkyView if you are
authorized to maintain your aircraft. Contact Dynon Technical Support for
further assistance.

Reply Status: The reply indicator illuminates when the transponder replies to
interrogations.
When connected properly, third party transponders such as the Garmin GTX 330
and GTX 327 can provide status as described above. However, they cannot be
controlled from the SkyView display as the SV-XPNDR-26X can.
Transponder Menu
Figure 65 - Transponder Menu Example
When the Dynon SV-XPNDR-26X transponder module is installed and configured, the
Transponder Menu becomes accessible from the Main Menu by pressing XPNDR (MAIN MENU
> XPNDR). All transponder operation can be accomplished from this menu. There is no
dedicated or separate control panel needed (or available). Due to the momentary way in that
the transponder controls are used, the XPNDR menu is conveniently cleared after a few
seconds of inactivity.
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Note that there are some situations when the selected transponder mode may be
different from the status annunciated in the Transponder Status Area. For example,
if you select ALT mode, but there is a squat switch installed, it will keep the
transponder in GND mode until the aircraft has become airborne. The requested
ALT mode would then be activated.
BACK
Press BACK to return to the Main Menu.
GND
Press to set the transponder to ground mode. In ground mode, the transponder will respond to
Mode S ground interrogations from surface movement radar. When active, the GND button will
remain highlighted in this menu, and GND is annunciated in the transponder status area in the
Top Bar. When the transponder is in ground mode, pressing GND again will turn ground mode
off and put the transponder in standby mode.
ON
Press to set the transponder to respond to all interrogations, but with altitude reporting
suppressed. When active, the ON button will remain highlighted in this menu, and ON is
annunciated in the transponder status area in the Top Bar. When the transponder is on in this
mode, pressing ON again will turn put the transponder in standby mode.
ALT
Press to set the transponder to respond to all interrogations with altitude reporting. When
active, the ALT button will remain highlighted in this menu, and ALT is annunciated in the
transponder status area in the Top Bar. When the transponder is on in this mode, pressing ALT
again will turn put the transponder in standby mode.
CODE
Press to type in a squawk code. If you make a mistake while typing a squawk code, stop typing
and after a few seconds the CODE menu will exit automatically without changing the squawk
code. Codes that are standardized include:
1200:
VFR code in the USA
7000:
VFR code commonly used in
Europe.
7500:
Hijack code
7600:
Loss of communications
7700:
Emergency code
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Transponder Operation
VFR
Press to quickly tune the VFR squawk code. This is usually 1200 in the US and 7000 in Europe.
Refer to the Installation Guide to set the VFR code that this button tunes. Once pressed, the
VFR button will remain highlighted until the transponder code is changed to show that you are
in VFR mode. Press the button while VFR is highlighted to return the transponder to the last
code tuned.
IDENT
Press to ident when requested to “ident” by ATC. “IDT” will be displayed in the Transponder
Status Area for the next 18 seconds as the transponder sends the ident signal. Note that if a
button is pressed to change the transponder mode or to turn it off, that action will be delayed
until the ident transmission completes.
Reported Pressure Altitude
At times it may be useful to know the altitude that is being reported to the transponder. Since
SkyView sends pressure altitude to the SV-XPNDR-26X, setting BARO to 29.92 will display the
pressure altitude being transmitted to the transponder in the normal SkyView altitude display
on the PFD page.
ADS-B OUT Transmissions
If SkyView has a valid GPS signal and a SV-XPNDR-26X module is installed and working, it
automatically provides ADS-B output at the appropriate integrity level for the GPS signal being
used.
ADS-B OUT transmissions that meet the 2020 FAA ADS-B equipment mandate require that a
TSO 146c GPS signal be directly provided from the GPS to a capable ADS-B device (such as the
SV-XPNDR-26X). For this purpose, a dedicated serial input is provided on the SV-XPNDR-26X
module that allows an appropriate GPS receiver serial output to be connected directly to the
SV-XPNDR-26X. As of this software version, the SV-XPNDR-26X is certified to TSO C166a. The
FAA has recently mandated TSO C166b for NextGen implementations, and a TSO-C166b
software upgrade for the transponder is planned. The current SV-XPNDR-26X is compatible
with Aviation format GPS outputs, used by Bendix/King, Garmin and others, as well as some
high-end GPS modules not likely to be used in a homebuilt or LSA aircraft. The popular Aviation
format output will not meet all the integrity requirements of the FAA NextGen system, and
therefore our TSO C166b software will include additional GPS interfaces as they become
available. This means that currently, the SV-XPNDR-26X’s ADS-B transmissions are not at a high
enough integrity level to meet the FAA’s 2020 ADS-B equipment mandate.
If you are operating within the United States, there may be a service bulletin which
applies to your transponder, please see the Service Bulletins section of our website
for more information.
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Refer to the SkyView System Installation Guide for information on connecting a TSO 146c GPS
directly to the SV-XPNDR-26X for this compliance.
Flight Plan Codes
ICAO Flight Plans
If your aircraft is equipped with a Dynon Mode-S transponder, a certified GPS navigator, and
that navigator is connected directly to the transponder to provide certified GPS position for
ADS-B Out functionality, the appropriate ICAO Surveillance Equipment Code is "EB1". The E
adds ADS-B credit, and the B1 indicates that you are 1090 OUT.
If you do not have a certified GPS navigator on board, but do have a Dynon Mode-S
transponder, the appropriate ICAO Surveillance Equipment Code is "S".
FAA Flight Plans
If your aircraft is equipped with a Dynon Mode-S transponder and an IFR certified GPS
navigator, you may file /G, which indicates that you have at least a Mode C transponder and
RNAV capability with GNSS (GPS).
If your aircraft does not have an IFR certified GPS navigator, but you do have a Dynon Mode-S
transponder, you should file /U to indicate you have at least a Mode C transponder.
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7. SV-MAP-270 Navigation Mapping Software
This chapter outlines what users should expect from SkyView’s Navigation Mapping Software
capabilities and also covers operations that are specific to this function.
SkyView’s Moving Map requires valid GPS and terrain data to function as a real
time, look down topographical map. Aviation data is further required to show
airspaces, airports, airport identifiers and other features overlaid on top of the
map. More information about these three requirements is contained in this
chapter.
Use of the Navigation Mapping Software beyond an initial 30 flight hour free trial
period requires the purchase of a Navigation Mapping Software license. This
section contains detailed information about how this purchase is made and the
software activated in your SkyView system.
Starting with SkyView software version 3.0, the SV-MAP-270 Navigation Mapping Software is
available for purchase ($500 MSRP). The Navigation Mapping Software replaces the free trial of
the map that was previously available.
In place of the unlimited free trial period that existed prior to version 3.0, all SkyView systems
now have a 30 flight hour free trial of the Navigation Mapping Software that allows you to try it
out before you purchase it. After the 30 flight hour free trial period expires, the MAP menu and
all navigation, mapping, and other features that are displayed on the map page, including
traffic, weather and the depiction of databases will cease to be available until a Navigation
Mapping Software License is activated. Additionally, all other features that rely on
aviation/obstacle databases, such as the depiction of runways and obstacles on Synthetic
Vision, are also unavailable without a Navigation Mapping Software License.
License Information
The SV-MAP-270 Navigation Mapping Software license is activated by purchasing a Dynon
Avionics SV-MAP-270 license code and entering it into your SkyView system. Only one
Navigation Mapping Software license is needed in a SkyView system, no matter how many
displays are attached. That license is applied to only one display, but that display stores the
license information for the entire system. In normal use, license information is shared with all
displays connected via SkyView Network to allow the Navigation Mapping Software to be
operated on any screen.
Checking License Status
If the MAIN MENU > MAP menu can be entered on every display in the system and SkyView
doesn’t present the “MAP TRIAL MODE” message when the Map Page is first displayed on boot,
Navigation Mapping Software is licensed for use in your aircraft.
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If Navigation Mapping Software is not available, then either the system is not licensed or there
is no valid aviation database in the system. To determine which of these is the case, check the
status of the license in the Setup Menu under SETUP MENU > LOCAL DISPLAY SETUP > LICENSE.
See the SkyView System Installation Guide for more details about using Setup to check licenses.
In some cases, SkyView may display one of the following messages when the Map Page is first
displayed after boot:

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LICENSED DISPLAY OFFLINE - XX HOURS REMAIN: The system is licensed, but the display
that actually stores the license is not currently connected. If the display that stores the
license is not returned to the system when this countdown expires, the display will
revert to an unlicensed state. This feature is intended to allow the map to continue to
function in the event that the display that stores the license fails or is out of the airplane
for repair.
MAP TRIAL MODE - XX HOURS REMAIN: The system is not licensed, but the Navigation
Mapping Software is in its 30 free flight hour introductory trial period. At the end of this
period, the map will cease to function until a license is purchased. Note that this timer is
only checked on boot. If it expires during a flight, the Navigation Mapping Software will
remain available for the remainder of that flight.
MAP TRIAL MODE – TRIAL EXPIRED: The system is not licensed, and the Navigation
Mapping Software has used all of the 30 free flight hour introductory trial period. This
message will appear once at boot to notify the pilot when the 30 hours were finished
during the previous flight.
Features Overview
Once licensed, the following features are enabled as long as SkyView has the appropriate high
resolution terrain database installed for the region of the world that you are flying in, and an
aviation database installed.

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Use of MAP menu and features, including:
o Display of airport, airspace, obstacles, and other aviation data that is available
(capabilities depend on available databases and other installed equipment).
o Display of basemap features, including roads, city names, railroads, rivers, and
political boundaries.
o All Navigation Mapping Software features available via the MAP menu.
o Display of obstacles and runways on Synthetic Vision (if Synthetic Vision is
licensed).
o All future updates to the SV-MAP-270 Navigation Mapping Software product
(databases may incur additional costs).
o Display of geo-referenced procedure charts and airport diagrams from Seattle
Avionics and PocketFMS.
o Display of enroute charts from Seattle Avionics.
o Display of any Traffic and Weather
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SV-MAP-270 Navigation Mapping Software
Purchasing and Installing a Navigation Mapping Software License
A license can be purchased in one of two ways:
1. Call Dynon Avionics directly at 425-402-0433 with your SkyView display model (SVD1000 or SV-D700) and serial number (as displayed on the case sticker, or in SETUP
MENU > LOCAL DISPLAY SETUP > DISPLAY HARDWARE INFORMATION). An SV-MAP-270
Navigation Mapping Software License Code can be purchased for the entire aircraft you
wish to enable the Navigation Mapping Software on. This six character License Code is
then entered in SETUP MENU > LOCAL DISPLAY SETUP > LICENSE > LICENSE CODE. If you
have more than one display in the aircraft, choose one to install it onto and provide
information for only that display. Once any display is licensed, all connected displays in
the Aircraft can use the Navigation Mapping Software.
2. An SV-MAP-270 SkyView Navigation Mapping Software Certificate may be purchased
from Dynon Avionics or any authorized Dynon Avionics retailer. This certificate can be
redeemed for a license code that can be entered in SETUP MENU > LOCAL DISPLAY
SETUP > LICENSE > LICENSE CODE. To redeem a certificate simply follow the instructions
on the certificate itself. Similar to the above, you will need to redeem your certificate by
visiting license.dynonavionics.com with your SkyView display model and serial number
ready. Alternatively, you can call Dynon Avionics directly at 425-402-0433 to redeem a
certificate.
Databases and Charts
SkyView utilizes a variety of databases to display information on the Moving Map and present
options for navigation. These include:
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Terrain data: High, low, and very low resolution terrain database data is used to display
the topographic map. Available worldwide for free from Dynon Avionics.
Aviation data: Airports, nav aids, airspace, airport information, etc. Available for free for
US customers from Dynon. Jeppesen and PocketFMS data available for all other
customers worldwide.
Obstacles data: Available for free for US customers from Dynon. Jeppesen and
PocketFMS data available for all other customers worldwide.
Basemap/Cultural Data: Database is available for free for all customers from Dynon
worldwide.
Procedure Charts and Airport Diagrams: Available from chart data providers such as
Seattle Avionics and PocketFMS.
Enroute Charts: Available from chart data providers such as Seattle Avionics.
Viewing Information about Installed Databases
The Installed Databases Page (SETUP MENU > LOCAL DISPLAY SETUP > INSTALLED DATABASES)
allows users to see the databases installed on their equipment as well as their respective
versions and expiration dates. The sections below outline the various databases that are
installed in SkyView.
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Terrain Data
SkyView uses high resolution terrain data to display the base topographic map on the Map
Page, as well as to display Synthetic Vision on the PFD page. SV-D1000s and SV-D700s ship
preloaded with high resolution terrain data for North America (includes the continental United
States, part of Alaska, most of Canada, Mexico, part of Central America, and the West Indies).
Dynon offers downloadable high resolution terrain data files for other regions of the world on
its website at www.dynonavionics.com/docs/terrain.html.
To update the terrain data in a SkyView display, download the appropriate file onto a USB flash
drive (a 4 GB drive is included with every SkyView display) and then reference the Loading
Databases Section of this guide for instructions on how to import the file onto a SkyView
display.
Aviation/Obstacle Databases
Aviation and obstacle databases are used to display airports, runways, nav aids, airspace,
obstacles, and other aviation data on the Moving Map. It also allows SkyView to provide
detailed information about aviation features. SkyView can also provide navigation to these
aviation features.
US Customers Only - Free Dynon Aviation and Obstacle Data
US Aviation and Obstacle data is available free-of-charge for US customers. Go to
downloads.dynonavionics.com, to download these databases to a USB memory stick. Reference
the Loading Databases section below of this guide for instructions on how to import the file
onto a SkyView display. Aviation data is updated every 28 days. Obstacle data is updated every
56 days. Once the installed Aviation and/or Obstacle databases are out of date a message will
appear on the Map page at power up stating for example: “MAP AVIATION DATABASE EXPIRED
ON 13-OCT-2012.” Once you enter the MAP menu, this message can be cleared until the next
power-up.
Worldwide Customers - PocketFMS AeroData Subscriptions with Obstacles and Visual
Reporting Points
The PocketFMS Foundation has been providing worldwide aeronautical data since 2003.
AeroData is professionally maintained and updated for SkyView every 28 days, and is available
as a yearly subscription including obstacles for €119. Coverage encompasses Europe, North
America (including Canada), Australia, and New Zealand. It includes Aviation data (including
visual reporting points) and obstacle data.
Note that this subscription does not include charts/airport diagrams. To obtain both AeroData
and European charts, a PocketFMS Frequent Flyer subscription is required. This costs €150 (€31
more than AeroData alone). If you were a PocketFMS Dynon AeroData subscriber when
charting support was released in Dec 2013, your account received a complementary upgrade to
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a full Frequent Flyer subscription, which includes charts, for the duration of your existing
subscription. See the section on Charts and Airport Diagrams further along in this chapter for
additional information.
To order and download PocketFMS AeroData, visit their website at
www.pocketfms.com/dynon/
Worldwide Customers - Jeppesen NavData® and Obstacle Data Services
Aviation and Obstacle for customers outside the US is available from Jeppesen. Only one
update or annual subscription purchase is needed per airplane. To purchase Jeppesen data:


Visit www.JeppDirect.com/viewavionics for data subscription information from
Jeppesen for your SkyView display.
To order service, please call Jeppesen at:
U.S. & Canada
United Kingdom
Toll-Free:
1-866-498-0213
Direct:
1-303-328-4030
Toll-Free:
0 (800) 085 5377
Direct:
+44 129 384 2400

Europe (except UK),
Middle East, Africa
and Asia
Toll-Free:
0 800 5377 3736
Direct:
+49 6102 5070
Australia
Direct:
+61 261 202 999
Reference the Loading Databases section below of this guide for instructions on how to
import the file onto a SkyView display.
Additional technical support from Jeppesen can be found online at
http://www.jeppesen.com/support/technical-support.jsp
Loading Databases
1. Download database file(s) from downloads.dynonavionics.com, Jeppesen, or
PocketFMS.
a. If you’ve downloaded data from the Dynon website or PocketFMS: Copy the file
onto your USB flash drive. The file must be in the root directory of the drive in
order to be recognizable by the display.
b. If you’ve purchased data from Jeppesen: It is important that the Jeppesen JSUM
program is used to place the Jeppesen data on the USB memory stick that will be
used to load the data onto SkyView. If you manually copy Jeppesen data onto a
USB memory stick, it will not load onto your SkyView system.
2. Insert the USB flash drive into one of the display’s USB sockets.
3. Go to the Load Files Wizard (SETUP MENU > SYSTEM SOFTWARE > LOAD FILES…).
4. Select a file and press LOAD to load the file onto the system.
5. Exit Setup
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6. In SkyView systems that have more than one display, aviation and obstacle databases
are automatically synchronized to other connected displays provided that those displays
are connected via Ethernet. If they are, and you have the Map Page up on other
displays, you may see a SYNCHRONIZING DATABASES message appear as this process
occurs. If you do not have your displays connected via Ethernet, simply load the
database to each screen individually.
Base Map and Cultural Data
Base map and Cultural data is available free-of-charge for all customers worldwide. This
database contains and roads, city names, railroads, rivers, and political boundaries. Like the
terrain database, it is partitioned into different regions. Download the basemap database for
your region from the Dynon website.
Go to downloads.dynonavionics.com to download the above databases to a USB memory stick.
Reference the Loading Databases section below of this guide for instructions on how to import
the file onto a SkyView display.
Removing Databases
SkyView automatically removes databases when new ones are installed. They can also be
removed manually by going to SETUP MENU > LOCAL DISPLAY SETUP > INSTALLED DATABASES.
Highlight the database you wish to remove, and then press the REMOVE button.
The FAA, PocketFMS, and Jeppesen periodically publish Aviation Data updates. It is
the pilot’s responsibility to stay current with these updates and keep their
equipment up to date.
Geo-Referenced Procedure Charts and Airport Diagrams
US Procedure Charts
Support for US Approach/Departure Procedure charts (commonly called plates) and US airport
diagrams from Seattle Avionics was added in SkyView 7.0. Support for enroute charts was
added to SkyView in version 10.0. US Data is available from Seattle Avionics:



Geo-referenced Approach/Departure Procedure Charts.
Geo-referenced Airport Diagrams. Includes all FAA airport diagrams and approximately
5000 Flight Guide airport diagrams.
Enroute Charts, including VFR sectional/world area/terminal area charts (that are each
automatically shown based on map zoom) and both IFR Low and High charts.
European Procedure Chart Options
European procedure charts (commonly called plates) are available from either PocketFMS
(available now) or Seattle Avionics (coming soon). Support for European charts and airport
diagrams was added to SkyView in version 7.1. The data sets from both companies vary from
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country to country, and PocketFMS’ and Seattle Avionics’ coverage differs from one another. In
addition to procedure charts and airport diagrams, the visual approach, landing, and area
charts critical to flight in Europe are available for many countries. We encourage you to contact
PocketFMS and Seattle Avionics directly to best understand what exact charts are offered in
your area. Dynon also has a guide that highlights the differences between the two offerings at
http://www.dynonavionics.com/docs/support_software_SkyView_Charts_EU_choosing.html.
Procedure Chart/Airport Diagram/Enroute Charts Database Storage via USB
Unlike other databases that are stored in SkyView’s internal drive, all charts and airport
diagrams, because of their large size, must be stored on a USB memory stick that remains
connected to SkyView during use.
To utilize this feature, you'll need a suitable USB memory stick for each SkyView display in the
aircraft. Dynon Avionics recommends 16 GB or larger USB memory sticks.
USB memory sticks such as the SanDisk Cruzer Fit series are so short and light that they actually
could be mistaken for a USB port "cap". When connected to SkyView's USB harness, rear USB
ports, or other panel-mounted ports, they protrude only a few millimeters from the USB port.
These are available from retailers such as Amazon for under $15 each:
http://amzn.com/B005FYNSZA.
Note that the USB memory stick that came with your SkyView display does not
have sufficient storage to be used for storing procedure charts, airport diagrams
and enroute charts.
Purchasing and Using Seattle Avionics ChartData (US and European Customers)
US Seattle Avionics Charts
Geo-referenced ChartData is available to Dynon Avionics customers with unprecedented pricing
though a unique sponsorship agreement between Dynon and Seattle Avionics. All of the Seattle
Avionics approach/departure procedure charts, as well as FAA and Flight Guide airport
diagrams available in the US, and enroute charts are all available for a flat fee of $99 per year.
This includes all available VFR and IFR data in one flat rate. Only one subscription is needed per
airplane.
European Seattle Avionics Procedure Charts
European ChartData is available for Dynon Avionics customers from Seattle Avionics. All of the
Seattle Avionics European approach/departure procedure charts, excluding Germany, are all
available for a flat fee of €199 per year. This includes both VFR and IFR procedure charts in one
flat rate.
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Preparing USB Memory Sticks for Use (Seattle Avionics customers only)
If you are using Seattle Avionics as your chart data provider (either US or European data), these
instructions apply to you. If you are using PocketFMS as a charting provider, this section does
not apply to you.
After obtaining a USB memory stick, for use with Seattle Avionics’ Data Manager chart
downloader application, it must be prepared by creating a special folder in the root, or base
folder, of the USB memory stick drive. To accomplish this in most modern versions of Microsoft
Windows:







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Connect your USB memory stick to your PC.
The USB memory stick should appear as a drive under My Computer or Computer menu
item in the start menu. Double click on that drive.
If there is a “New Folder” button visible, press that. Otherwise, right-click within the
empty drive and select “New”, and then “Folder”.
If you are subscribing to US ChartData from Seattle Avionics:
o Name this folder SkyViewUS . This folder must be all one word, and the S, V, and
US in SkyViewUS must all be capitalized.
If you are subscribing to European ChartData from Seattle Avionics
o Name this folder SkyViewEU . This folder must be all one word, and the S, V, and
EU in SkyViewEU must all be capitalized.
Repeat this process for each USB memory stick you have. One is needed for each
SkyView display in your system.
Your USB memory stick(s) are now prepared for use with Seattle Avionics Data Manager
application, which downloads charts from the internet and copies them onto your USB
memory stick(s).
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Figure 66 - Seattle Avionics Download Manager
Purchasing Seattle Avionics ChartData (US and Europe)
To purchase ChartData, go to http://www.seattleavionics.com/dynon and follow the
instructions on the Seattle Avionics website to purchase and install Seattle Avionics ChartData
on your USB memory stick(s) that have been prepared per the above procedure.
After you have installed ChartData to your USB memory sticks, simply connect them to your
SkyView display(s) to enable charting capabilities. The USB memory stick(s) must be left
connected to your SkyView display(s) during normal use for charts to be available.
Note that SkyView only allows one USB memory stick to be connected to a display
at a time. Any other USB memory stick – such as the one that you normally use for
SkyView software and database updates – must be disconnected from your
SkyView system before connecting your ChartData-equipped USB sticks.
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However, it should be noted that you CAN use your ChartData-equipped memory
sticks to install software updates and other SkyView-supported Databases as you
normally would.
Purchasing and Using PocketFMS Charts with a Frequent Flyer Membership (Europe
only)
To provide chart data in Europe, Dynon Avionics has partnered with PocketFMS. To purchase
chart data from Pocket FMS, go to www.pocketFMS.com/dynon and purchase a Frequent Flyer
membership.
Frequent Flyer membership, which includes AeroData, charts (including Pooleys in the UK),
airport diagrams, and visual approach, landing, and area charts, costs €150 per year. This is only
€31 more than the existing SkyView AeroData-only subscription (which remains available).
Additionally, if you are a PocketFMS AeroData subscriber as of the release of European charts
prior to Dec 2013, your account will be upgraded to a Frequent Flyer subscription for the
duration of your existing subscription. Note that neither German DFS charts nor Swiss SkyGuide
VFR Plates are included in this price, but they are available at additional cost.
Once you have registered and paid for your Frequent Flyer membership, you will have a
registered email address and a registration number. Record this information in a safe place as
you will need it to “unlock” the EasyVFR PC application used to download charts.
Downloading and Using PocketFMS EasyVFR to obtain charts
After you’ve purchased a PocketFMS Frequent Flyer Membership, the PocketFMS EasyVFR
application for PC can be downloaded from www.pocketFMS.com/dynon.
A tutorial on how to use EasyVFR is available from Dynon Avionics at
http://www.dynonavionics.com/docs/support_software_SkyView_Charts_PocketFMS.html.
Also, PocketFMS has their own tutorials available along the left side of their
http://www.pocketfms.com/dynon/ site ("Dataset Installation" and "Plates Installation")
If you have multiple SkyView displays, you will need to create a memory stick for use with each
display. To accomplish this, simply insert another USB memory stick and repeat from the
“Dynon Export” step above.
After you have installed the charts to your USB memory sticks with EasyVFR, simply connect
them to your SkyView display(s) to enable charting capabilities. The USB memory stick(s) must
be left connected to your SkyView display(s) during normal use for charts to be available.
Note that SkyView only allows one USB memory stick to be connected to a display
at a time. Any other USB memory stick – such as the one that you normally use for
SkyView software and database updates – must be disconnected from your
SkyView system before connecting your chart-equipped USB sticks.
However, it should be noted that you CAN use your chart-equipped memory sticks
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to install software updates and other SkyView-supported Databases as you
normally would.
Detailed procedure chart, airport diagram, and enroute chart usage instructions are found
further along in this section.
GPS Source
The SkyView System Installation Guide contains comprehensive instructions for physically
installing, electrically connecting, and configuring a GPS device to work in a SkyView system.
This guide assumes these steps have been properly executed. You should be familiar with the
information in the SkyView System Installation Guide regarding this topic.
SkyView’s Moving Map display depends on the system having a valid GPS source. In the event
of the failure of the primary GPS source used to display the Moving Map, SkyView will
automatically use other available GPS sources that are configured in the system. SkyView
determines which GPS source to use by using the following prioritized list of GPS sources:
POS 1 GPS 1GPS 2GPS 3GPS 4POS 2POS 3POS 4
See the SkyView System Installation Guide for more information on setting up GPS sources.
If you need to check the status of your GPS source:
1. Enter the Serial Port Setup Menu (IN FLIGHT SETUP MENU > ENTER FULL SCREEN SETUP
MENU… > LOCAL DISPLAY SETUP > GPS FIX STATUS).
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Moving Map Page Layout
The Moving Map Page as shown in Figure 67 displays a real-time topographical map in Track Up
or North Up mode (depending on user setting). The map is sourced from a database that is
stored inside the display and correlated to your current position using a GPS feed.
Figure 67–SkyView Moving Map
The following items are displayed on the Moving Map Page shown in Figure 67:
 Topography (terrain and bodies of water) with Terrain Proximity Alerting
 Aircraft Icon with Ground Track Line
 Distance Circle and Range
 Heading Arc, Current Ground Track, Heading Bug, True North Marker
 Configurable Info Items. Examples include GPS Ground Speed (SPEED), GPS Altitude
(ALTITUDE), Distance to Waypoint (DTW), and Bearing to Waypoint (BTW).
 Course line (only displayed when actively navigating to an aviation waypoint)
 Airports with runways (if known)
 Obstacles
 Airspace (with floors/ceilings)
 Navigation aids, such as VORs, NDBs, and Fixes
 Active Flight Plan
SkyView uses a map projection that does not distort distance. This means that the
courses - which are the ideal “great circle” routes - appear as straight lines on the
screen.
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Moving Map Symbology
Topography with Terrain Proximity Alerts
SkyView’s Terrain Proximity Alerting should not be used
as the primary terrain avoidance tool. It should be used
as an aide with primary navigation instruments, charts,
and other tools.
Moving Map terrain is displayed in sectional chart color variations,
representing various topographical elevations. Major bodies of water
are displayed as solid blue.
Figure 68–Topography
with Terrain Proximity
The SkyView Moving Map also adds Terrain Proximity Alerting:




Yellow terrain default setting is between 100 and 1000 feet below the aircraft's current
altitude.
Red terrain default setting is within 100 feet below or above the aircraft's current
altitude.
These altitude thresholds can be adjusted to suit your preference. See the SkyView
System Installation Guide for details.
The Yellow/red terrain alert coloration does not appear on the map until the aircraft is
in flight.
Aircraft Icon with Ground Track Line
The aircraft icon as shown in the figure below represents your aircraft on the Moving Map
Page. The ground track line represents the projected ground track of the aircraft. The aircraft
icon in the figure below denotes that SkyView has obtained a GPS fix, and points in the
magnetic heading of the aircraft. When GPS communication is present, but a fix has not been
obtained, a question mark (?) shows up on top of the icon. In North Up, the plane symbol will
rotate with the compass heading. In Track Up, the compass rose and plane will rotate with the
compass heading.
There is also a pilot-configurable option to overlay the ground track line with distance and time
prediction marks. The time/distance prediction marks show where the aircraft will be over the
ground, for example in 10 nautical miles and/or in 5 minutes based on current speed. You may
configure the time and distance shown via the Map Menu (MAP > MAP MENU > TRACK LINE
OPTIONS).
The Altitude Intercept Arc is also drawn on the ground track line (on Terrain, Enroute Charts,
and Procedure Charts). Based on the aircraft’s current vertical speed and ground speed, the
Altitude Intercept Arc shows the position over the ground the aircraft will be when it intercepts
the altitude bug. It will not show if the vertical speed is not in agreement with the altitude bug,
for example if the aircraft is descending but the bug is set above the present altitude. Also, if
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you’re within 100 ft of the altitude bug or if the arc is close enough to touch the aircraft icon, it
is not displayed.
Figure 69 - Aircraft Icon
Figure 71 - Altitude Intercept Arc
Figure 70 - Ground Track Line
Figure 72 - Time and Distance Prediction Marks
Distance Circle
The distance shown on the map between the aircraft icon and the inner circular ring is the
distance between them. The distance between the aircraft and the outer Ground Track Arc is
twice this distance.
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Figure 73–Distance Circle
This distance is displayed in the middle of the right side of the Map Page, near the Distance
Circle. Turn the (MAP) joystick to zoom in and zoom out. Zoom level can be adjusted between
0.3 and 1200 nautical miles. Units can be set to miles, nautical miles, or kilometers. Reference
the SkyView System Installation Guide instructions on how to change the displayed units.
The heading arc is explained in the next section.
Ground Track Arc, Current Ground Track and Marker, Heading Bug, North Marker,
and Course Line
The ground track arc as shown in Figure 74 is centered on the current ground track.
Figure 74–Ground Track Arc
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The current ground track as shown in Figure 75 is displayed in two ways: the digital readout and
the white ground track line. The border around the digital readout is normally magenta when
based on the GPS ground track. When the aircraft is not moving fast enough for SkyView to
reliably determine the ground track direction, magnetic heading is used instead. In this case,
the border around the digital readout will be white.
Figure 75–Current Ground Track
The heading bug as shown in Figure 76 is represented with a cyan marker. When moving the
heading bug, a cyan colored lubber line that extends from the aircraft to the bug is displayed as
well. Reference the Heading/Track Bug Section for instructions on how to adjust the heading
bug.
Figure 76–Heading Bug
The north marker as shown in Figure 77 is represented with a yellow arrow marked with an “N”
and points to True North.
Figure 77–North Marker
The magenta course line shown in Figure 78 appears whenever the Navigation Mapping
Software is navigating to an active waypoint. It is the shortest path between the two points that
it connects on the map.
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Figure 78 - Course Line
Flight Plan Legs
Flight plan legs appear in the Moving Map display whenever a flight plan has been activated.
The magenta line corresponds to the current leg of the Flight Plan and subsequent legs are
shown in white. Legs prior to the current leg are not shown. See the Flight Planning section of
this guide for more information about creating and working with flight plans.
Figure 79 - Flight Plan Legs
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Obstacles
SkyView’s Moving Map represents
obstacles using the same symbology
found on sectional charts, as shown in
Figure 80 and Figure 81. Only highintensity lighted obstacles are shown
as lit.
The geographic location of the
obstacle is represented by the tip on
single icons and the point directly
between the tips of group icons.
Obstacles are only shown on the
Moving Map if their highest point is
within 1000 feet below your aircraft’s
GPS altitude. If the highest point of an
obstacle is within 100 feet below your
current GPS altitude to anywhere
above you, it will be red. If the highest
point of the obstacle is between 100
and 1000 feet below your current GPS
altitude, the obstacle will be yellow.
This is the same color scheme
mentioned in the Topography with
Terrain Proximity Alerts Section.
Figure 80–FAA Sectional Chart Obstruction Key
Figure 81–Obstacles on the Map
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Airspace
SkyView’s Moving Map represents different classes of airspace with the colors specified in
Table 6.
The floors and ceilings of airspaces are shown within each airspace segment in the familiar
sectional-style notation.
Airspace Type
Color
Class A
Solid orange with interior
shading. Not depicted in the US,
where all airspace above FL180
is Class A
Class B
Solid dark blue with interior
shading
Class C
Solid dark magenta with interior
shading
Class D
Dashed light blue
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Airspace Type
Color
Class E
(only those areas that
extend to the surface in
US depictions)
Solid green with interior shading
Restricted and
Prohibited
Solid orange with ticks marks
Warning, Caution,
Training, and Alert Areas
Yellow tick marks (not solid)
Military Operations Area
(MOA)
Solid purple with ticks marks
TMA / MTMA (Terminal
Control Area)
Solid dark blue with interior
shading
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Example
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Airspace Type
Color
CTA (Control Area)
Solid purple
CTR (Control Zone)
Blue/orange solid
Mode C Veil
Not shown
Upcoming Temporary
Flight Restriction (TFR)
Yellow
Active Temporary Flight
Restriction (TFR)
Red
Stadium Temporary
Flight Restriction (TFR)
Orange
Air Defense
Identification Zone
(ADIZ)
Example
None
None
Not shown
Table 6–Airspace Colors
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Navaids
SkyView’s Moving Map displays navaids such as VORs, fixes, NDBs, and User Waypoints.
VORs
SkyView’s moving displays VORs, VOR-DMEs, and VORTACs with the same icons used on
sectional charts as shown in Figure 82.
VOR
VOR-DME
VORTAC
TACAN
Figure 82–Moving Map VOR Icons
Each VOR has a floating identifier which hovers near its icon as well as a gray compass rose ring
that shows the orientation of the VOR’s radials.
Fixes
SkyView represents a fix using a light blue triangle with a six character name underneath as
shown in Figure 83.
Figure 83–Moving Map Fix
NDBs and Markers
SkyView represents NDBs using the same symbols that are used on a sectional chart with a twothree-character name underneath as shown in Figure 84.
NDB
Outer Marker
Figure 84–Moving Map NDBs and Markers
Visual Reporting Points
SkyView can display visual reporting points if they are contained in the database that is
currently loaded. As of this time, only PocketFMS databases contain visual reporting points.
Figure 85 - Visual Reporting Point
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Airports
SkyView represents an airport with a circle and a text name. If more information is provided in
the database, a modifier may be added to the icon. A line in the circle represents the direction
of the primary runway. Other symbology may be used in the circle such as an “R” to denote a
private airport, an anchor to denote a seaplane base, or a ring to denote a military airport.
Airport
Airport
(primary
runway
direction
indicated)
Private
Airport
Airport
With
Control
Tower
(blue)
Airport
with
services
(ticks at
edges)
Seaplane
Base
Public
Airport (no
hard
surface
runway)
Figure 86–Moving Map Airport Example Icons
User Waypoints
SkyView supports a diverse set of icons that can be used to identify User Waypoints. A few of
the many available icons are shown here. See the SkyView User Waypoints section below for
detailed information on editing user waypoints.
Table 7 - User Waypoint Icon Examples
Cities
SkyView displays cities and towns on the map. Their prominence on the map is determined by
population.
“Mega” City
Large Place
Medium Place
Small Place
Table 8 - Places on Moving Map
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Motorways, Primary Roads, Railroads, and Rivers
SkyView displays motorways as thick solid black lines, primary roads as thinner solid black lines,
railroads as thin dark lines with railroad “ties”, and rivers as thin blue lines:
Figure 87 - Roads, Railroads, and Rivers
Enroute VFR, IFR Low Altitude, IFR High Altitude Charts
When a USB stick with supported enroute charts is connected to your SkyView display(s),
enroute chart options will be available under MAP > LAYERS.
To View Charts
In the LAYERS menu there are options for VFR, IFR LOW, and IFR HIGH. Choose a chart type in
this menu to replace the SkyView digital representation on the moving map with it. A particular
chart type is only selectable if the product is on the USB stick. Pressing TERRAIN will return to
the normal SkyView moving map plus terrain. If any of the charts on the USB stick are out of
date a message will appear on the Map page at startup to alert you to update your chart data.
Once you enter the MAP menu, this message can be cleared until the next power-up.
Map Items on Charts
To reduce visual clutter on charts, map items from SkyView’s databases will only appear on top
of a chart in some circumstances. Traffic, user waypoints and terrain warning colors will always
appear on charts. Obstacles will be drawn in yellow and red on the charts when the aircraft
altitude is within the warning range and flight plans will appear when Active. With an SV-ADSB470 installed, active, upcoming, and stadium TFRs appear on the charts. Pilots can still select
items for more information by selecting them with the map pointer (airports, airspaces,
navaids, etc.) Weather is drawn on top of the charts when the WEATHER button is selected in
the LAYERS menu.
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Figure 88 - Chart Integrated on Map
Figure 89 - VFR Chart with Airport selected
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Customizing Displayed Map Items
The display of various map elements can be customized to reduce visual clutter. These
preferences are located in MAIN MENU > MAP > MENU > MAP ITEMS. Use these settings to
specify the highest zoom level that the various features are displayed.
Regardless of the max zoom level setting for each of the airspace types that can be
adjusted in the MAP ITEMS menu, SkyView will only display airspace segments at
and below the altitude chosen (in feet) in the SHOW AIRSPACES BELOW option.
Traffic
When a device that can receive traffic information is installed and configured, traffic can be
displayed on the Map Page to improve situational awareness. See the SkyView System
Installation Guide for details on how to turn the display of traffic on and off.
Figure 90 - Traffic Display on Map Page
SkyView can receive traffic information from a variety of devices. These currently include the
SV-ADSB-470 (US Only), TIS traffic supplied by the SV-XPNDR-26X or Garmin GTX 330/330ES
Transponders, passive traffic from the Zaon XRX, FLARM (predominantly in Europe) and the
NavWorx ADS-B receivers.
Traffic is displayed on the Map Page in the location that it is reported to be in by the connected
traffic device.
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Traffic information is informational only, and does not relieve the pilot-in-command
of their responsibility to see and avoid traffic.
Traffic is displayed as reported by the device sending it to SkyView. The precision
and accuracy of the location of traffic targets may vary from device to device, and
this may impact how accurately the position is represented on the SkyView display.
For example: TIS traffic updates, such as those received by the SV-XPNDR-26X, may
be anywhere from 2-12 seconds old due to radar latency and other technical
factors. Be sure to understand the traffic-detection capabilities of your traffic
device thoroughly so you understand how to best interpret the position of the
traffic displayed on SkyView.
Useful information about the TIS traffic system, including airports that have TIS
service can be found in the FAA AIM:
http://www.faa.gov/air_traffic/publications/ATPubs/AIM/aim.pdf
SV-ADSB-470 Traffic Display Capabilities (US Only)
The SV-ADSB-470 works in tandem with your SV-XPNDR-26X or Garmin GTX 330ES transponder
module to provide the ADS-B based TIS-B traffic picture around your aircraft when you have
both products and a Navigation Mapping Software License is activated. This is enabled by the
following bidirectional data link capability:
1. The SV-XPNDR-26X or Garmin GTX 330ES has ADS-B out capability via its 1090ES
capability.
2. The SV-ADSB-470 contains an ADS-B 978MHz “UAT Band” receiver that can see other
traffic – both ADS-B equipped targets AND radar targets - in the following manner:
a. ADS-B equipped aircraft: The SV-ADSB-470 can detect traffic transmitting ADS-B
out messages via 978 MHz directly.
b. TIS-B: Additionally, the FAA’s ADS-B TIS-B service, seeing your transponder’s
1090ES ADS-B out transmission - but knowing that your aircraft only has 978
MHz input capability via the SV-ADSB-470 - assembles a traffic portrait of all
traffic that it knows about that are within 15 Nm and +/- 5000 ft. of your aircraft.
This includes:
(1) ADS-R (rebroadcast) targets: The FAA ADS-B system will rebroadcast all
of the 1090ES ADS-B-equipped targets onto the 978 MHz band for your
benefit
(2) Radar targets: Any targets that the FAA’s radar system is aware of via
approach, center, and other radar facilities.
The end result: your aircraft sees the vast majority of the aircraft that can possibly be a factor.
Since SkyView participates in the ADS-B system via the SV-XPNDR-26X’s or GTX-330ES’s ADS-B
out capability, it receives all of the traffic that the FAA knows is around your aircraft. In
contrast, “receive only” ADS-B traffic solutions aren’t able to see the all traffic (such as radar-
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only targets) because they are not able to request traffic data from the FAA ADS-B ground
stations.
Tail numbers will be shown below traffic targets when available. These can only be
shown if your aircraft is equipped with Dynon's ADS-B receiver, and will only be
shown for target aircraft that are ADS-B OUT equipped. Aircraft with Mode-C
transponders or Mode-S transponders without extended squitter support will not
have tail numbers shown.
Although weather and TFR information are available any time the SV-ADSB-470 is in
an ADS-B ground station coverage area, ADS-B TIS-B traffic is only available if an
ADS-B Out capable transponder is installed and is providing ADS-B out position
reports into the ADS-B system. Currently, these are limited to the Dynon SV-XPNDR26X and the Garmin GTX-330ES.
Useful information about the ADS-B traffic and weather systems can be found in
the FAA AIM: http://www.faa.gov/air_traffic/publications/ATPubs/AIM/aim.pdf
For updated coverage maps see the FAA’s website:
http://www.faa.gov/nextgen/implementation/programs/adsb/
Traffic Target Information
Figure 91 - Traffic Target
Traffic is displayed using a set of symbols that are commonly used in aviation for traffic/TCAS
systems. As seen in Figure 91, this includes:

A symbol that depicts the type of traffic. It can be a Traffic Advisory Symbol, Proximity
Advisory Symbol, or Non-Threat Symbol. These are further discussed later in this
section. Data being received by a TIS device, such as the SV-XPNDR-26X, is limited to 8
simultaneous targets by the inherent capability of the TIS system. If there are more than
8 traffic targets that are potential threats, the TIS ground station determines the highest
priority targets and transmits them to your aircraft.
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
Relative altitude in hundreds of feet is displayed above the symbol as a signed integer.
So, the target in Figure 91 is +08, or 800 feet higher than our aircraft. This area is blank if
the altitude of a target is not known.

An up or down arrow to the right of the traffic symbol indicating whether the aircraft is
climbing or descending, if available from the traffic source. No arrow is shown when an
aircraft is maintaining altitude, or if climb/descend information is not available. Traffic
from TIS traffic sources such as the SV-XPNDR-26X will not show a vertical speed
component unless it is greater than +/-500 fpm

If available from the traffic device, an orange vector arrow that starts at the target and
points in the aircraft’s direction of travel. This length of the vector represents where the
aircraft is expected to be in one minute based on its current trajectory.
o The data received by a TIS device (such as the SV-XPNDR-26X) does not include
the speed of aircraft since it is not sent by the ground-based TIS equipment.
SkyView therefore assumes that all TIS targets are travelling at 150 knots.
o TIS additionally only provides the direction that individual traffic targets are
moving in to the nearest 45° increment (0 °, 45°, 90°, etc.). This limitation may be
noticed as a seemingly abrupt change in aircraft direction on the display as the
traffic direction “snaps” from one 45° increment to the next when the TIS device
updates an aircraft’s direction.
Traffic displayed on the Map Page can be configured to include just Traffic
Advisories (TA), all targets, or no targets. See the SkyView System Installation Guide
for information on how to configure how traffic is displayed.
Traffic Advisory (TA) Targets
Figure 92 - Traffic Advisory (TA) Symbol
Figure 93 - TA Symbol (off-screen)
These are targets that have a high chance of ending up near the aircraft. They will often be
lower priority targets that then become higher priority targets as they approach. SkyView
considers a target a threat if the device providing traffic reports that it is a threat. The TIS
system considers a target to be a threat if it is calculated to be within 1/4 mile of your aircraft at
its closest approach within 30 seconds (20 seconds if the target is not reporting altitude). Other
traffic devices may have different criteria for reporting traffic as threats. Refer to their
documentation for more information.
If a target is a Traffic Advisory but cannot be displayed on the screen because its location is
beyond the edge of the map at its current zoom level, it will appear at the edge of the Map
Page, half shaded as seen in Figure 93 above (the darkly shaded area of the Traffic Advisory
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Symbol will always point towards the edge of the screen). This ensures that you are aware of
the threat regardless of map zoom level. Note that the orange vector arrow may not be visible
when a Traffic Advisory is off the screen.
Proximity Advisory Targets
Figure 94 - Proximity Advisory
Proximity have less of a chance of being a factor based on their position, but are not a Traffic
Advisory because they are not converging with your aircraft within the next 30 seconds. A
Proximity Advisory symbol is shown on the map when it is closer than 5 nm and within +/- 1200
ft. of your altitude, but doesn’t meet the criteria to trigger a Traffic Advisory.
Non-Threat Targets
Figure 95 - Non-Threat
Non-threat Targets are any other detectable aircraft that are neither Traffic Advisory Targets
nor Proximity Advisory Targets.
Traffic Receiver Status
Figure 96 - Traffic Status
A widget in the lower right area of the Map Page annunciates both the device that is currently
providing traffic and the status of the traffic receiver.
Possible devices include:




ADS-B: Any ADS-B source – such as the SV-ADSB-470.
TIS: Traffic provided from an SV-XPNDR-26X, Garmin GTX 330, or any other device that is
configured to output traffic information in the Garmin TIS format.
ZAON: A Zaon XRX.
FLARM: A device outputting FLARM format data (predominantly in Europe)
Possible states include:

SkyView is receiving traffic data from the device and there is at least one
target present.

SkyView is receiving traffic data from the device, and there are no targets
present.
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
SkyView is connected to a TIS traffic device, but you are not in a TIS coverage
volume (actual TIS devices such as the SV-XPNDR-26X or GTX 330 only).

SkyView is configured for Traffic but there are no devices that are currently
capable of providing traffic to SkyView. This could be due to failure of traffic devices, or
an external device that is turned off.
The following annunciations apply to TIS traffic devices only:

SkyView is in a TIS coverage area, but has not seen any traffic reports in the
last 6 seconds or longer.
You may see additional status information for some traffic devices. These include:


FULL: ADS-B devices only - This state signifies that the transponder is communicating
with the US-based ADS-B ground stations; that those ground stations are replying to the
SV-ADSB-470; and that your aircraft is in a known radar service volume. This allows the
ADS-B ground stations to report radar-only targets that are not yet ADS-B out equipped,
thus providing a “full” traffic picture.
PARTIAL: ADS-B, FLARM, and Zaon only: Sources that are passive traffic detectors such
as the Zaon XRX and FLARM devices are not able to directly interrogate aircraft or utilize
the ADS-B system to qualify the “completeness” of the traffic picture around your
aircraft. PARTIAL is annunciated to indicate that the traffic picture may not include the
entirety of the actual traffic environment around your aircraft. You will also see
PARTIAL when an ADS-B system is reporting that it does not know about radar traffic
targets, or when you are not receiving ADS-B ground station replies (in this case, you
may still see aircraft that are equipped with 978 MHz ADS-B out devices via the SVADSB-470). This means that, although you are receiving ADS-B traffic from other ADS-B
equipped aircraft, you are not receiving non-ADS-B targets because you are not
currently in a radar service volume and/or ADS-B service volume. Therefore, the traffic
portrait may be incomplete.
Traffic Receiver Priority
Only one device can provide traffic information to SkyView at any moment. If you have more
than one device that is capable of providing traffic, these traffic sources are priority ordered
based on the completeness of the traffic portrait they provide:
1. SV-ADSB-470 with FULL traffic service: Full traffic means that you have an ADS-B ground
station reporting, and that ground station is receiving radar traffic. This is only possible if
you are equipped with an ADS-B Out device such as a SV-XPNDR-26X or Garmin GTX 330
ES transponder. In this case the ADS-B system delivers all known ADS-B equipped traffic
and all radar targets that FAA radar system can see.
2. TIS transponder from SV-XPNDR-26X / Garmin GTX 330 (when in an active TIS coverage
area).
3. Flarm device.
4. Zaon device.
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5. SV-ADSB-470 with PARTIAL traffic service: SkyView will annunciate “Partial” traffic when
it has ADS-B reception capability, but that ADS-B reception does not include either ADSB ground station coverage or radar targets included within those ground-based ADS-B
traffic reports. Therefore, the ADS-B ground station is not able to convey a full traffic
picture and cannot make you aware of all possible detectable traffic.
Traffic Alert
Figure 97 - Traffic Alert
The above alert is shown on both the PFD Page (near the top of the IAS tape) and the Map Page
(lower right) whenever there are Traffic Advisory Targets present.
MAP Menu
The MAP Menu is accessible from the Main Menu by pressing MAIN MENU > MAP.
BACK
Press BACK to return to the Main Menu.
The
(Direct-To) button brings up the Info page when it is pushed in the Map Menu when
nothing is selected. If there is an active flight plan, the current waypoint will appear on the
resulting info page.
also instantly starts navigation to an airport, navaid, or other waypoint
when one is selected in the Nearest, Info, Flight Plan, or Map Pointer pages. See the Navigation
Mapping Software section below for more information.
NRST
Press NRST (Nearest) to bring up a window that displays the nearest airports, navaids, and user
waypoints. Once the Nearest list is displayed, the FILTER button can be used to filter out
airports that are less useful to the pilot (based on length, surface type, and usage). If the FILTER
button is highlighted the list is filtered. Press FILTER again to show all airports (button is black
when filter is off). Filtered options can be configured in MAP MENU> NEAREST LIST OPTIONS.
Note that some airports may be completely screened out of the NRST list, regardless of the
FILTER settings, if they are set to OFF in the MAP MENU > MAP ITEMS options. See the
Navigation Mapping Software section below for more information.
INFO
Press INFO to display detailed information about any selected airport, navaid, or other item
that is selected in the map pages or that is being pointed to with the Map Pointer.
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Additionally, the Info window doubles as a way to find airports, navaids, and user waypoints in
a variety of ways. When used this way, the first press of INFO will display detailed information
about the airport or navaid that was most recently used or selected. The cursor will highlight
the tab for the selected item type at the top of the window. From here, you can either move
the CURSR joystick down to find the desired item by identifier, facility, or city. Or, move the
CURSR joystick left to the RECENT tab to choose from the most recently used and viewed
airports and navaids.
FPL
Press FPL (Flight Plan) to bring up a window that can be used to create, display, or modify a
Flight Plan. Reference the Flight Planning section of this guide for details
ADD->FPL
This button appears on the MAP Menu when the Nearest, Info, or
window is open and an
airport, navaid, or other waypoint is selected. Press ADD->FPL to insert the selected item into
the Flight Plan. Reference the Flight Planning section of this guide for more details.
LAYERS
This button opens the LAYERS Menu, which allows the pilot to select which terrain, weather,
and chart layers are displayed on top of the moving map. This does not affect the display of
airport diagrams or procedural charts - they are chosen for display via the airport information
window. In the US, enroute charts are part of a Seattle Avionics ChartData package.
The pilot can select the map display from the following options, (terrain warning colors appear
on all layers):

TERRAIN – Pressing the TERRAIN button displays SkyView’s built-in high resolution
terrain and basemap with digital aviation and obstacle data from Dynon (FAA),
Jeppesen, or PocketFMS, depending on the databases installed.

VFR – Pressing the VFR button displays Geo-referenced VFR enroute charts
(sectionals/world area/terminal area charts in the US).

IFR LOW – Pressing the IFR LOW button displays Geo-referenced IFR low altitude
enroute charts.

IFR HIGH– Pressing the IFR HIGH button displays Geo-referenced IFR high altitude
enroute charts.

WEATHER – Pressing the WEATHER button toggles the weather overlay on or off of the
current map (when a weather device such as the SV-ADSB-470 is connected).
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MAP MENU
Press the MAP MENU button for additional map features and settings. Additionally, this menu
includes the ability to create and manipulate user waypoints.
Figure 98 - Map Menu
To select an operation from the menu, scroll up and down by turning the joystick or moving it
up/down. Move the joystick left to exit the menu, or move the joystick knob right to
accept/initiate the selected operation or sub-menu. Once you have selected an option, move
the joystick to the left until to save your selection and exit the menu.
Navigation Mapping Software Features
SkyView’s Navigation Mapping Software course information can be displayed on
the SkyView PFD’s HSI display when it is selected and navigating to an active
waypoint. It is always labeled SKYVIEW in the HSI and in the Flight Planning
window.
Navigation Methods
SkyView supports two internal types of navigation. Direct-To navigation lets you quickly fly
“directly to” a waypoint by pushing the
button whenever it is displayed. Additionally,
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SkyView offers robust Flight Planning that allows navigation to a sequence of one or more
waypoints. Both of these methods are covered in the following sections.
Find an Airport or Navaid by Identifier
To find an airport or navaid, press MAP > INFO. A window like the one seen in Figure 99 will be
displayed.
Figure 99–Moving Map Info Window
When the Info window is first displayed it shows detailed information about the airport or
navaid that was most recently used or selected. From here, you can move the CURSR joystick
down to find the desired item by identifier, facility, or city*. To do this, move the CURSR joystick
up/down to move between identifier (top), facility name (middle), and city* (bottom) fields;
Once you have selected the field you wish to use to search, rotate the knob to change the
highlighted character. Move the joystick right to select the next character and continue until
the desired facility is shown.
Alternatively, if you move the CURSR joystick left after the first press of the INFO button, you
can choose from the most recently used and viewed airports and navaids under the RECENT
tab.
Press
to navigate directly to the currently displayed or highlighted airport or navaid, or
ADD->FPL to add it as a waypoint in a Flight Plan.
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When an airport is being displayed in the INFO window, more information about that airport
can be found under additional tabs along the top of the window. To see this information, move
the CURSR joystick up to highlight the APT tab. Then, move the joystick to the right to select
different sub categories of information about the selected airport.
*Search by city is not available when Jeppesen aviation databases are used.
Nearest Airports, Navaids, and User Waypoints
To quickly bring up a list of the nearest airports, navaids, and user waypoints press MAP >
NRST. A window similar to the one seen in the following figures will be displayed.
Figure 100–Moving Map Nearest Window Full
Figure 101 - Moving Map Nearest Window Filtered
Each tab in the bar of tabs at the top of the Nearest window contains a list of aviation features,
they include:







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APT – Airport
WX – Weather (when a weather device is connected)
VOR
NDB
FIX – Fixes
VRP – Visual Reporting Points
USR – User Waypoints
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

ATC – Nearest non-airport specific ATC-frequencies, such as centers. Available with FAA
aviation data only.
FSS – Nearest FAA Flight Service Station frequencies. Available with FAA aviation data
only.
Map Items which are set to Off in the MAP ITEMS menu, such as private airports or
seaplane bases, will not appear in the nearest list at all.
Move the joystick left and right among the tabs to select the category you are interested in.
Rotate or move the knob up/down to highlight different items in the list. Once the desired
facility is shown, press INFO for more information about it,
to navigate directly to it, or
ADD->FPL to add it as a waypoint in a Flight Plan. Items that have COM frequencies
associated with them can have their frequencies sent to a connected COM radio by pressing
TUNE COM.
Nearest Airports List Filter and Other Options
The pilot can also apply additional criteria to the list of nearest airports with the FILTER button,
which replaces the NRST button when the list is displayed. SkyView will remember if the filter
was selected when it was powered off and automatically filter the list again on the next bootup.
To see the full list of airports, press the FILTER button again.
To configure the filter, go to MAIN MENU > MAP > MAP MENU> NEAREST LIST OPTIONS

SHOW FULL AIRPORT NAME – Yes/No, turns the full airport name on or off regardless if
FILTER is engaged or not.

WHEN FILTERED – The following restrictions are applied to the nearest list when FILTER
option is active:
o RUNWAY SURFACE – The pilot can choose to display Any Surface, Water only,
Hard and Soft or Hard only when FILTER is engaged.
o PRIVATE AIRPORTS – The pilot can choose to Show or Not Show private airports
when FILTER is engaged.
o MINIMUM RUNWAY LENGTH – The pilot can select a minimum runway length
for airports to be displayed when FILTER is engaged.
Detailed Facility Information
When an airport is displayed in the Info window after the INFO button is pressed, detailed
information about the selected facility is displayed. Information is arranged into tabs of
organized information. For example, information about airports is divided into APT, COMMS,
RWY (runways), and RMK (remarks) tabs. Move the joystick left and right to select these
different tabs of information at the top of the window.
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Some tabs have more information than can fit on the screen at once. In this case, turning the
knob or moving it up/down will scroll or change the information displayed. For example, some
airports have multiple runways listed under the RWY tab. Once the RWY tab is selected,
different runway information can be displayed by turning or moving the CURSR knob up/down.
You may press ADD->FPL from the info window to add the displayed facility as a waypoint to
the Flight Plan.
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Figure 102 - Airport Info
Figure 104 - Airport Runway Info
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Figure 103 - Airport Comms Info
Figure 105 - Airport Remarks
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Information available for different types of facilities includes:
 Name
 Type (public/military/private*/VOR/NDB/etc.)
 Identifier
 Current distance/bearing to facility
 Region
 Field elevation
 Parking availability*
 Communications frequencies
 ATIS/AWOS Frequencies
 Traffic pattern altitude/direction*
 Runway information, including pattern directions* and surface type*
 Lighting type*
 Parking/Fuel availability*
 Remarks*
Note that not all information is available for all facility types and that the depth of information
may differ from airport to airport. Typically, larger public airports have the most information
available. Small private airports may have very little or no information available.
* These items are not in Jeppesen databases.
Navigate to a Selected Waypoint with
(Direct-To)
To navigate to an airport, navaid, or other waypoint via a direct course from your present
position, press
in the Nearest, Info, or Map Pointer windows when the desired item is
highlighted. This instantly makes the selected item an active waypoint that SkyView is
navigating to, and automatically closes the Info or Nearest window.
Press
from the Map Page to bring up the Info window that allows you to search for a
waypoint by identifier, name, or city*. If navigation is already active, the current waypoint will
be shown. You may also select the RECENT tab of the Info window to find waypoints that have
been navigated to recently. After the desired waypoint is found, simply press
again to
navigate directly to it from your present position.
A magenta course line is created that starts from your current location and ends at the selected
waypoint. It is the shortest path between your current location and that waypoint. The PFD can
also display the course on the HSI. It is always SKYVIEW. A PFD, HSI, and map depiction of this
behavior is show in Figure 106.
Whenever navigation to a waypoint is active the MAP > FPL and MAP > FPL > NAVIGATE buttons
highlight to indicate that a Flight Plan is active. This is also depicted in the figure below.
*Search by city is not available when Jeppesen aviation databases are used.
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If a waypoint is selected in any window that waypoints can be selected in, pressing
will immediately replace your current
destination with the selected
destination.
Figure 106 - Map/HSI with Navigation Active
Suspend Navigation
When SkyView is providing navigation guidance to a waypoint, press MAP > FPL > NAVIGATE to
suspend navigation. The NAVIGATE button will unhighlight to indicate that navigation is no
longer active. Note that this operation does not clear the active flight plan: It simply suspends
SkyView’s active course guidance.
Clearing the Navigation Flight Plan
To completely clear the active
target or Flight Plan press FPL > FPL MENU, select CLEAR
FLIGHT PLAN, and then move the joystick right twice (once to select, twice to confirm) to clear
all waypoints from the flight plan and cancel navigation simultaneously. This effectively “resets”
the navigation and flight planning feature in SkyView.
Map Panning with the Map Pointer
Move the (MAP) joystick up, down, left or right, or in any diagonal direction to cause the map
to follow your joystick movement instead of following the aircraft’s movement. When in this
Map Panning Mode, the Map Page does not auto-center on the airplane, but on the Map
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Pointer instead. Turning the joystick causes the map to zoom in and zoom out around the Map
Pointer, just like it does when it is following the aircraft.
Figure 107 - Map Panning Mode
To exit Map Panning Mode, press or “click” the center of the joystick. The map will revert to
following the aircraft. Pressing the joystick again will return to the Map Panning Mode at the
last known Map Pointer position.
In addition to the Map Pointer, a Map Pointer Information Bar displays the following
information about the Map Pointer:





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Latitude / Longitude
Distance between the Map Pointer and the aircraft
Magnetic bearing from the aircraft position to the Map Pointer.
The estimated time, in minutes, that it would take to reach the Map Pointer if you were
to fly directly to it at the current GPS ground speed.
Elevation of the terrain underneath the Map Pointer, along with the difference between
the aircraft’s current GPS altitude and the terrain elevation (in parentheses.)
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Figure 108 - Map Pointer Information Bar
When in Map Panning Mode, pressing
will cause a temporary MAP POINTER waypoint to
be created that allows you to navigate Direct-To the location that you are pointing at with the
map pointer. (Note that this waypoint is not stored as a “user waypoint”. See the following
section on user waypoints for more information about using the user waypoints feature).
When in Map Panning Mode, the MENU > ADD POINT TO FPL menu item will allow you to
create a user waypoint and immediately add it to your flight plan.
Pressing NRST in Map Panning Mode will cause the list of nearest airports and other aviation
features to be based on the location of the Map Pointer instead of the aircraft. This noted at
the top of the Nearest Window.
Selecting Map Items with the Map Pointer
When panning with the Map Pointer, virtually any item on the map can be selected. This
includes items such as airports, airspaces, navaids, waypoints, obstacles and cities.
To select an item, simply use the Map Pointer to point directly at the item. After a couple of
seconds, the item is highlighted in white to indicate it is selected. A pop-up block of
informational text about the item also appears.
Note that airspaces can be selected by putting the Map Pointer inside of any airspace segment.
You need not point directly at the lined boundary.
The presence of multiple selectable items under the Map Pointer is indicated by a green arrow
in the information pop-up text box. This frequently occurs, as airports often have surrounding
airspaces or collocated navaids. To choose between the available items, turn the joystick. Note
that this disables the normal range/zooming function of the joystick, unless there is only one
item selected. To re-enable the ranging function of the joystick, move the map pointer in any
direction by nudging it in any direction. Then, before the map pointer re-selects new items, turn
the joystick knob.
When a navigable item such as an airport, waypoint, or navaid is selected, the INFO and
button can be used just like they can in the menu system.
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Figure 109 – Airspace Selected
Figure 110 - Airport Selected
Flight Planning
A Flight Plan consists of a sequence of one or more waypoints. A maximum of 99 waypoints are
supported. The great circle track between each waypoint defines the individual legs of the
Flight Plan. When a Flight Plan is active and shown on the Map, the current leg is magenta in
color. Future legs are white.
HSI Guidance is provided to the active leg of an active Flight Plan on the PFD when SKYVIEW is
selected as the navigation source or when the flight plan from an ARINC GPS such as the 430 is
active and that GPS is selected as the navigation source.
Waypoints may be entered into the current Flight Plan by direct entry from the Flight Plan
Menu, by pressing ADD->FPL from the Nearest or Info windows, by using the MENU>ADD
POINT TO FPL, or by importing a Flight Plan file from a USB memory stick in GPX format.
Operations are performed on the flight plan via the FPL MENU. Flight Plans from external ARINC
GPS navigators can be displayed in SkyView’s Flight Plan window and on SkyView’s moving map,
but all waypoint editing must be done on the source GPS.
A center-click press of the knob/joystick from within the FPL menu brings up the
insert waypoint function.
SkyView supports one Flight Plan at a time. This Flight Plan can be manipulated, and it can
provide navigation if it is activated, and it can be exported to a USB memory stick for later
retrieval. Importing a Flight Plan from a USB memory stick causes the currently loaded Flight
Plan, if any, to be overwritten.
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When the
feature is used after a multi-leg flight plan has been created to go to
a new single destination, the current Flight Plan is temporarily “overwritten” by the
action. To restore a flight plan that has been “overwritten” by a temporary
activation, use the FPL > FPL MENU > RESTORE FLIGHT PLAN menu option.
This feature allows you to temporarily divert without permanently losing your
existing flight plan. However, it is important to note that if you build additional legs
around a
destination, the new resulting multi-leg flight plan will now
permanently overwrite the previous flight plan.
There are two types of leg transitions. A flyby leg transition causes the aircraft to fly by the
leg’s destination waypoint in order to smoothly transition from one leg to the next with no
overshoot. This is the default transition type for each leg. An overfly transition causes the
aircraft to fly directly over the waypoint before transitioning to the next leg. The transition type
can be selected for each individual waypoint transition in the Flight Plan.
The Flight Plan is synchronized across all displays. A Flight Plan is also preserved on each
display over a power-cycle, but navigation is not active after the Flight Plan has been restored
upon start-up.
SkyView imports/exports Flight Plans in GPX format. See
http://wiki.dynonavionics.com/Importing_Flight_Plans for information about
specific aviation software products that are known to output compatible GPX files.
Additionally, a technical reference for this format can be found at
http://www.topografix.com/gpx.asp. There are many utilities available that
convert other formats to GPX format and vice-versa.
When parsing GPX files, SkyView looks at the first 99 route points (<rtept> tags)
within the first route (<rte> tag) in the GPX file. All other data is ignored.
Creating and Working with SkyView Flight Plans
This section describes the windows and menus that are available for creating and manipulating
a SkyView Flight Plan.
Flight Plan Window
Press the FPL button in the MAP Menu to open the Flight Plan window and menu. The Flight
Plan window contains tabs of available flight plan sources: SKYVIEW and external ARINC GPS
navigators capable of providing flight plan data. Move the joystick left or right to display
information associated with each tab, and either turn the joystick or move up/down to scroll
within the window.
SKYVIEW Tab
The Flight Plan window opens with the SKYVIEW tab selected and the currently active Flight
Plan displayed.
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Figure 111 - Flight Plan Window
Figure 111 illustrates the following items:
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Waypoint List: The list of waypoints making up the current Flight Plan.
Waypoint Icons: The icon that would be shown on the Map Page for the waypoint is
shown to the left of each waypoint in the Flight Plan.
Active Leg Icon: The active leg of the Flight Plan is depicted by a hooked arrow from
origin waypoint to the destination waypoint if the leg is point-to-point. If the FPL Menu
function has been used to go directly to a waypoint within, the flight plan, this
arrow will instead be straight arrow pointing at the selected destination waypoint.
OF (overfly) Icon: This indicates the transition type of the leg. When OF is present, the
leg ending at this waypoint has an overfly transition, otherwise, it has a flyby transition.
DTK (Direct Track): The direction of the leg. For the active leg, though, this is the direct
track from the aircraft to the destination waypoint.
DIST: The distance of the leg. For the active leg, it is the distance from the aircraft to the
next waypoint.
ETE: The estimated time en-route for the leg, based on the current ground speed if
flying, and based on the Vno speed setting if stationary. For the active leg, this is the
estimated time until the aircraft reaches the next waypoint based on its current closure
rate towards it.
------: The last item in the waypoint list is a placeholder for adding another waypoint at
the end of the Flight Plan.
TOTAL REMAINING: This is always displayed at the bottom and is the total distance and
total ETE of the legs of the Flight Plan. If the route is active, only the current and
remaining legs are included in the calculation. If inactive, all legs are included.
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Flight Plan Menu Bar
When the Flight Plan window is open with the ACTIVE tab displayed, select one of the following
Menu items to proceed:
BACK
Press to exit the FPL MENU if open, or press to exit the Flight Plan window.
When a
is active, press to go directly to waypoint that is currently highlighted by the
cursor in the Flight Plan window.
NRST and INFO
Press these to bring up the Nearest or Info windows. The Flight Plan window will be exited.
NAVIGATE
Press to activate/deactivate the current Flight Plan. The button is highlighted when a Flight
Plan is active.
FPL MENU
Press to bring up the FPL MENU. The FPL MENU provides access to various operations that
can be performed on the Flight Plan and its waypoints. Reference the FPL MENU section
below for more information.
Displaying Flight Plans from External Navigation Devices on the Map
When a compatible external GPS navigator is installed, press MAP > FPL to open the Flight Plan
window and menu. The currently active Flight Plan is displayed. Move the joystick left or right
to display any available flight plan sources in the window. The flight plan currently being
displayed on the Map is designated with two arrows that point at the name: >SKYVIEW< or
>IFR GPS<. To display the flight plan on SkyView’s moving map press the FPL MENU button, and
select “SHOW [GPS NAME] FPL ON MAP” (where [GPS NAME] is the display name you’ve
assigned your external navigator) . Note that changing the Flight Plan source on the Map page
does not change the HSI source on the PFD. This allows your autopilot and other primary
navigation activities be uninterrupted by the changes you make to the flight plan display on the
map.
With recent software updates, Garmin disabled the ability for GNS and GTN series
avionics to accept changes from non-Garmin equipment. Therefore, you cannot
edit the waypoints of external flight plans from SkyView. Once you make a change
on the external navigator, SkyView will reflect it in the list of waypoints and redraw
it on the map.
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Figure 112 - Example of External Flight Plan Echo
FPL MENU Overview
The following figures show the FPL MENU. To select an operation from the menu, scroll up and
down by turning the joystick or moving it up/down. Move the joystick left to exit the FPL
MENU, or move the joystick knob right to accept/initiate the selected operation.
Some operations require confirmation when selected. Move the joystick right to “OK” a
confirmation prompt, or to the left to cancel the action. This confirmation prompt is depicted
in Figure 114.
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Figure 113 - FPL Menu
Figure 114 - FPL Menu Confirmation Prompt
FPL MENU Actions
The following actions can be initiated from the FPL MENU:
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EXIT: Select to close the Flight Plan Menu.
INSERT WAYPOINT: Select to bring up the Insert Waypoint pop-up menu.
REMOVE WAYPOINT: Select to remove the currently selected waypoint and adjust the
remaining legs and totals.
MOVE WAYPOINT: Select to move the currently selected waypoint to another place in
the flight plan.
RESTORE FLIGHT PLAN: Restores a flight plan that was temporarily overwritten by using
the
function from elsewhere in the map.
ACTIVATE LEG: Select to make the leg that ends at the selected waypoint the current
leg.
TOGGLE OVERFLY: Select to toggle the transition type at the selected waypoint from
overfly to flyby or vice versa. An “OF” icon next to the waypoint in the flight plan
denotes that the waypoint will be overflown instead of flown by.
REVERSE FLIGHT PLAN: Select to reverse the sequence of waypoints in the Flight Plan.
CLEAR TO END: Select to clear all waypoints from the currently selected waypoint to the
end of the Flight Plan.
CLEAR FLIGHT PLAN: Select to clear all waypoints from the Flight Plan.
EXPORT FLIGHT PLAN: Select to export the current Flight Plan to a USB stick memory
stick in GPX format. The filename is automatically generated using the names of the
first and last waypoints.
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

IMPORT FLIGHT PLAN: Select to open the Flight Plan Import window. The import
window contains a list of all GPX format files that are present on a connected USB
memory stick. Press LOAD to import the currently selected GPX file into the Flight Plan
and activate it. This action will overwrite an existing flight plan. Press BACK to exit the
Flight Plan Import window and return to the FPL MENU.
SHOW SKYVIEW FPL ON MAP or SHOW _EXTERNAL NAVIGATOR_ FPL on MAP: This
option is only available when a compatible external navigation device is installed. Select
this to choose which flight plan appears on SkyView’s moving map. The waypoints from
an external navigator cannot be edited within SkyView.
Inserting a Waypoint
Waypoints can be added from the FPL MENU by selecting INSERT WAYPOINT. This action causes
a window to appear that allows you to select a waypoint by identifier, name, or city. Use the
joystick to select a waypoint and press INSERT to initiate the insert mode (see below) or press
CANCEL to cancel the operation and exit the Insert Menu.
Figure 115 - Insert Waypoint Window
After INSERT is pressed from the Insert Waypoint Menu, or if ADD->FPL is pressed when a
waypoint is highlighted in the Nearest/Info/
window, or when MAP MENU > ADD POINT TO
FPL is used in map panning mode, the selected waypoint is highlighted within the Flight Plan.
Turn the knob or move the joystick up/down to choose the precise place in the Flight Plan that
you would like to insert the waypoint. Then, press INSERT to confirm your placement. The
waypoint will be added at the cursor location.
If you insert a waypoint via the ADD->FPL button, the default insert location will be the end of
the Flight Plan, but a different location can be selected in this case as well.
Figure 116 - Flight Plan Waypoint Insertion
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Flight Plan Alert Messages
Alert Messages related to the active Flight Plan are displayed on the bottom of the Map Page
when appropriate:
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FPL TURN: XXs: Displayed when there is less than 30 seconds before a transition from
one leg to the next in a flight plan, where XX is the number of seconds.
LAST LEG EXTD: Displayed when the destination waypoint of the last leg has been
passed. SkyView automatically extends the active leg indefinitely.
TRN TOO STEEP: Displayed when the required bank to complete the upcoming turn as
depicted on the map is excessive.
Figure 117 - Flight Plan Alert Messages
Activating a Flight Plan
Press the NAVIGATE button to activate your SKYVIEW Flight Plan routing. Guidance will be
provided directly to the first waypoint in the Flight Plan and along each leg in the Flight Plan
thereafter. Guidance is visible for each leg on the HSI if SKYVIEW is selected as the HSI SRC.
To go directly to a waypoint other than the first, go into the Flight Plan menu, scroll to the
waypoint you want to navigate to, press FPL MENU, select
WAYPOINT and confirm.
Guidance will be provided directly to the selected waypoint and to the remaining legs in the
Flight Plan after that. Similarly, use the ACTIVATE LEG option in the FPL MENU to skip to the leg
that ends with the highlighted waypoints. In contrast to the
WAYPOINT option, ACTIVATE
LEG does not use your aircraft’s current position to generate a Direct-To course. It instead
displays course guidance according to the selected leg.
The following figure shows an active Flight Plan where the first leg is active and the aircraft is
partway between the first two waypoints of the Flight Plan and is on course. The route is
depicted on the Moving Map display and the course is displayed on the HSI. Since the aircraft is
on course, there is no deviation on the CDI needle on the HSI.
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Figure 118 - Active Flight Plan: Map and Flight Plan View
Figure 119 -Active Flight Plan: HSI and MAP Depictions
Approach/Departure Procedure Charts and Airport Diagrams
When a USB stick with supported charts and airport diagrams is connected to your SkyView
display(s), airports with available charts/diagrams will have an additional CHARTS tab available.
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Viewing Procedure Charts and Airport Diagrams
Turn the CURSR joystick knob to select from a list of the available charts/diagrams. A preview of
the chart is shown below the list. To view a chart on the map page, press VIEW.
Zooming/Panning Charts
Once a chart is displayed, turning and moving its joystick knob will pan around and zoom in and
out of the chart, just like on the regular map page.
To quickly zoom the chart so that its entire width fills the window, depress (click) the CURSR
knob. A second press of the knob will zoom out so that the entire chart can be seen at once.
Automatically Follow your Aircraft
Press FOLLOW to have the SkyView pan the chart automatically so that the airplane is centered
as it flies over the chart. This feature is not available on charts that are not geo-referenced.
When a chart is not geo-referenced, the following icon is shown at the bottom right of the chart
page. Additionally, when an airport diagram is initially chosen, FOLLOW is automatically
enabled to aid situational awareness at airports.
Figure 120 - Chart not Geo-Referenced
Returning to the Map View
To close the chart and return to the map, you can either:


Press MAP MENU > CLOSE, and then EXIT.
Press (click) and hold the joystick knob for a second.
Returning to the Last Viewed Chart
To quickly return to the last chart that was viewed:

With the normal map page displayed, press (click) and hold the joystick knob for 1/2
second.
o When you are within 300 feet AGL of at an airport with an available diagram,
that airport diagram is displayed instead of the most recently viewed chart.
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Figure 121 - Charts Tab with Preview
Figure 122 - Full View
Figure 123 - Full Width View
Figure 124 –Following Enabled
SkyView User Waypoints
SkyView supports the ability to create, manipulate, and import/export User Waypoints. A User
Waypoint is a point on the map which shows up as an icon of your choosing. Like other airports
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or navaids, they can be used in flight plans, as Direct-To navigation waypoints, or can simply be
used visually on the Map Page to help you navigate
Creating Waypoints
To create a waypoint at your current location (if the map is centered on the aircraft), or the
lat/long that the map pointer is pointing (at if the map is in map panning mode), select MAIN
MENU > MAP > MENU > CREATE WAYPOINT to enter the user waypoint creation tool. A window
similar to the following will be shown.
Figure 125 - Waypoint Tools in the Map Menu
Move the CURSR joystick up and down to move the cursor between the various fields. Turn it to
select characters. The editable fields include:
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Identifier – Like other airports and navaids, the identifier is displayed on the map.
Name – Longer description that is shown on the Info page.
Latitude/Longitude – Defaults to the current aircraft lat/long if the map is centered on
the aircraft, or the lat/long that the map pointer is pointing at if the map is in map
panning mode. However, this field can be changed with the cursor if you would like to
create a waypoint based on other coordinates.
Altitude – Not currently used for navigation purposes, but is shown on the Info page.
Icon – Choose from a variety of aviation style icons, pushpins, buildings, etc.
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Press SAVE to save the waypoint. User waypoints will automatically be synchronized across
multiple SkyView displays in the aircraft provided they are connected via an optional Ethernet
connection. See the SkyView System Installation Guide for more details about this connection.
When you want to create a waypoint and immediately use it in a flight plan, you can use the
MAIN MENU > MAP > MENU > ADD POINT TO FPL command. It will first prompt you to create a
waypoint based on the current aircraft location or map pointer before it adds that newlycreated point to the flight plan.
Editing and Deleting Waypoints
Select MAIN MENU > MAP > MENU > EDIT USER WAYPOINTS to view a list of all current user
waypoints. To modify or delete a waypoint, highlight the waypoint of interest and press EDIT or
DELETE.
Waypoint Menu
The WPT MENU button under MAIN MENU > MAP > MENU > EDIT USER WAYPOINTS contains
the following additional user waypoint options:
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Export Waypoints – Exports all user waypoints to a CSV (comma separated values) file
on a USB memory stick. A USB memory stick must be connected to the display that you
perform this operation from.
Import Waypoints – Imports user waypoints into the display from a properly-formatted
CSV (comma separated values) file on a USB memory stick. A USB memory stick must be
connected to the display that you perform this operation from. Imported waypoints are
added to any existing user waypoints that are in the SkyView system. If your SkyView
displays are connected via Ethernet in addition to SkyView network, the user waypoints
database will be distributed and synchronized between all displays. If your displays are
not connected via Ethernet, you will need to import this file on each display separately.
See the SkyView System Installation Guide for more details about this connection.
Clear Database – Deletes all user waypoints currently stored in SkyView.
User Waypoints CSV (comma separated values) File Format
An easy way to obtain a valid CSV file to edit is to simply create a user waypoint using your
SkyView display and then export it. You can then edit it to add additional waypoints using a text
editor. You can also use a spreadsheet program such as Excel to edit the file. If you use a
spreadsheet, make sure that you save the file in the CSV format and not in a proprietary
spreadsheet format.
The CSV file format used to store user waypoints contains one waypoint per line. Each waypoint
(line) is separated into fields by commas in the following manner:
Short Name,Long Name,Latitude,Longitude,Altitude,Icon,Narrative Text
Valid data for the fields are:
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Short Name (Identifier)
o Up to 8 characters, A-Z, 0-9, all upper case
Long Name (Name)
o Up to 22 characters, A-Z, 0-9, all upper case
Latitude
o Decimal format. Example: 47.770840
Longitude
o Decimal format: Example: ,-122.151749
Altitude
o Integer, feet
Icon
o Possible choices include: HOME ; OFFICE ; AIRPORT_FILLED ; AIRPORT_HOLLOW ;
AIRPORT_GLIDER ; AIRPORT_PRIVATE ; AIRPORT_HELICOPTER ;
AIRPORT_ULTRALIGHT ; AIRPORT_HANG_GLIDER ; AIRPORT_SEAPLANE ; VOR ;
TOWER_TALL ; TOWER_SHORT ; PIN_GREEN ; PIN_BLUE ; PIN_RED ; PIN_YELLOW
; PIN_GRAY ; FLAG_GREEN ; FLAG_BLUE ; FLAG_RED ; FLAG_YELLOW ;
FLAG_GRAY ; DOT_GREEN ; DOT_BLUE ; DOT_RED ; DOT_YELLOW ; DOT_GRAY ;
BOX_BLUE ; BOX_RED ; BOX_YELLOW ; BOX_GRAY ; ARROW_GREEN ;
ARROW_BLUE ; ARROW_RED ; ARROW_YELLOW ; ARROW_GRAY
o Note that even though airport, navaid, and tower (obstacle) icons are available
for use, user waypoints using them still only appear under the USER tab of the
Nearest Window.
Narrative Text
o Text in this field is shown on the RMK (remarks) tab on the Info Page. Upper and
lower case characters can be used. If your narrative text contains any commas,
and you are editing in plaintext, enclose the entire narrative text section in
“quotes”. Otherwise, the comma will be respected as the field delineator, and
everything after the first comma will not be imported (this procedure is not
necessary when using a spreadsheet program such as excel).
The following is an actual example of a waypoint file. It contains two points: Dynon Avionics’
offices and Mount Rushmore. The first line in a waypoint file is considered “header”
information. It is not counted as a waypoint. The below contents can be copied and pasted into
a file and imported into a SkyView display. The file must have the extension “.csv”.
Short Name,Long Name,Latitude,Longitude,Altitude,Icon,Narrative Text,Dynon User Waypoints
File v1.0
DYNON,DYNON AVIONICS,47.770840,-122.151749,,OFFICE,
MTRUSH,MOUNT RUSHMORE,43.878811,-103.458809,5725,ARROW_GRAY,"Mount Rushmore
National Memorial is a sculpture carved into the granite face of Mount Rushmore near
Keystone, South Dakota, in the United States. Sculpted by Danish-American Gutzon Borglum
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and his son, Lincoln Borglum, Mount Rushmore features 60-foot (18 m) sculptures of the heads
of former United States presidents (in order from left to right) George Washington, Thomas
Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln. The entire memorial covers 1,278.45
acres 5,725 feet above sea level."
Using User Waypoints
User Waypoints are searchable via the “USER” tab on the “Nearest” window. The “USER” tab
only appears if there are User Waypoints stored in SkyView.
User Waypoints can also be found like any other airport or navaid by searching on identifier or
name in the Info Window.
Map Menu Preference Configuration
Figure 126 - Map Menu Window
Go to MAIN MENU > MAP > MAP MENU> to adjust the following map preferences and options:
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WEATHER OPTIONS – (if equipped) Adjusts the display of weather-related options. See
the Weather section of this chapter for further information about the options in this
menu.
MAP ITEMS – Use these settings to specify the largest zoom level that the various
features are displayed. You may also completely inhibit the display of various items on
the map using this feature.
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
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MAP MODE – Use these settings to specify when the map is displayed in “Track Up” vs.
“North Up” orientations. Additionally, you can choose whether VOR directions are
shown as “bearings” (the direction the VOR is relative to the aircraft position) or
“radials” (what radial the aircraft is on relative to the VOR, with the published deviation
of the VOR station correctly taken into account, like would be seen on a sectional) when
listed on the NRST page.
NEAREST LIST OPTIONS – Use these settings to choose whether or not the NRST list
shows full airport names or not, and to adjust what airports the nearest list FILTER
button affects.
TRACK LINE OPTIONS – Use these settings to set up the distance and time markings
shown on the ground track line.
“VS REQ’D OPTIONS” – Use these settings to configure the Vertical Speed Required to
Destination Info block on the map. Select the distance from and the distance above the
last waypoint in the SkyView flight plan and SkyView will continuously compute what
vertical speed you would need to maintain from your present position to converge on
the point above and before the point specified. This information is reflected in the VS
REQ'D DESTINATION Info Item and on the vertical speed tape on the PFD.
Map Info Items

MAIN MENU > MAP > MAP MENU> INFO ITEMS – Use these settings to display up to 10
informational items along the left and right sides of the Map Page Items available for
display include:
o Bearing to Waypoint
o Cross Track
 This is the shortest possible distance that can possibly be traveled that
will put you back on course. Essentially, it is the perpendicular distance
from the current location to the course line.
o Current Location
o Destination Waypoint
 Identifier of the final waypoint in your flight plan.
o Distance to Go
 The total distance remaining along the flight plan.
o Distance to Waypoint
 Distance to the currently active waypoint.
o ETA (Final)
 The estimated time of arrival at the final waypoint in the flight plan. This
time does not account for time zone changes. If GPS ground speed is <25
knots, your Vno speed setting is used for so that you can see approximate
travel times while on the ground.
o ETA (Next)
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
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
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The estimated time of arrival at the next waypoint in the flight plan. This
time does not account for time zone changes. If GPS ground speed is <25
knots, your Vno speed setting is used for so that you can see approximate
travel times while on the ground.
ETE (Final)
 The remaining estimated time en route to the final waypoint in the flight
plan. If GPS ground speed is <25 knots, your Vno speed setting is used for
so that you can see approximate travel times while on the ground.
ETE (Next)
 The remaining estimated time en route to the next waypoint in the flight
plan. If GPS ground speed is <25 knots, your Vno speed setting is used for
so that you can see approximate travel times while on the ground.
GPS Altitude
 The current GPS altitude. Note that this is MSL, not AGL. This number
may differ significantly from your barometric (indicated) altimeter due to
variations in the GPS data model, GPS accuracy, and nonstandard
variations in outside pressure.
Ground Speed
Next Course
 The direction from the next waypoint to the waypoint after that in a flight
plan.
Next Waypoint
Course
 The direction from the previous waypoint to the next waypoint.
VS REQ'D DESTINATION
 Vertical Speed Required to Destination shows the vertical speed
necessary to descend from the current position and altitude to a defined
target position and altitude above and before your final waypoint at the
current ground speed. This information is also displayed as a magenta
line on the vertical speed indicator.
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Figure 127 - Map Info Items
Touch-enabled Info Items
These Info Items are only available on an SV-D1000T display. Additionally, the top
left and top right info item boxes cannot be set as TOUCH items.
You can place any of the following menu shortcuts in the info block space on the Moving
Map. Tapping on any of the shortcut buttons will result in the same action as pressing
the corresponding menu button, regardless of what menu is currently displayed.
o
Direct-To: When an airport, navaid, or other waypoint is selected on the map
tap the
button brings up the Info page on it. Tap
again to instantly
start navigation to an airport, navaid, or other waypoint selected in the Info,
Nearest, Flight Plan, or Map Pointer pages. If there is an active flight plan,
touching
and the current waypoint will appear on the resulting info page.
o FPL Page: Tap FPL (Flight Plan) to bring up a window that can be used to create,
display, or modify the SkyView Flight Plan.
o Info page: Tap INFO to bring up the Info window with detailed information about
any selected airport, navaid, or other item that is selected in the map pages or
that is being pointed to with the Map Pointer. Additionally, the Info window
doubles as a way to search for airports, navaids, and user waypoints through a
text search
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o NRST Page_ Tap NRST (Nearest) to bring up the window that displays the nearest
airports, navaids, and user waypoints.
Figure 128 - Touch Shortcut Map Info Items
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Weather and TFR Information
When connected to an SV-ADSB-470 module, SkyView can display NEXRAD weather and
Temporary flight Restriction (TFR) information visually on the SkyView map page. Additionally,
textual METAR and TAF weather reports are available for airports that report such information.
The SV-ADSB-470 receives traffic and weather via the 978 MHz UAT ADS-B
frequencies, which are only utilized by the FAA’s ADS-B system. Therefore, traffic
and weather are only available in the US (and other places the FAA may have ADS-B
ground stations, including Guam, Puerto Rico, and the US Virgin Islands). The SVADSB-470 will not work outside these areas.
Weather information is transmitted continuously over a data link from the ground,
but reception of weather data is dependent on ADS-B ground station
proximity/coverage, signal strength, and other environmental conditions.
Therefore, ADS-B weather reception may not be continuous.
Due to latencies that accumulate while NEXRAD weather images are created, and
the way that the FIS-B/NEXRAD services timestamp weather data, NEXRAD images
are actually ALWAYS older than the age indicated on the display. In extreme cases,
this can mean that the images you see on SkyView may be 15-20 minutes older
than the age indicated by SkyView. See
http://www.ntsb.gov/doclib/safetyalerts/SA_017.pdf for further information about
this phenomenon.
Never rely on NEXRAD imagery to try to “squeeze” through a weather system.
Often, deadly turbulence and wind shear are present, even in places in storm
systems where there is no precipitation indicated.
The Weather and TFR information that SkyView provides is supplemental
information only. It should not be used as your primary means of weather
information. Only official FAA briefing information sources should be used to make
critical aeronautical weather decisions.
SV-ADSB-470 Weather Capabilities (US Only)
The FAA’s network of ADS-B ground stations continuously transmits weather and other
information such as TFRs via a 978 MHz UAT Band ADS-B data link. The SV-ADSB-470 module
can receive this information, and currently supports the following FIS-B products. Future
updates to SkyView will support additional FIS-B products.
METARs (Aviation Routine Weather Reports)
Routine weather reports at airports that are updated at least hourly. SPECI (aviation special
weather report) information that augments METAR information during times of significant
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weather deterioration or improvement is aggregated into SkyView’s weather reporting
capability.
TAFs (Terminal Area Forecasts)
TAFs are future weather forecasts, centered on many (but not all) airports and include the
predicted future weather conditions.
Winds Aloft Forecast
The most recent winds aloft forecast from the nearest station for your airport (or the closest
within 200mn that has a forecast) is displayed in SkyView’s Airport WX Info window. The winds
and temperature aloft forecasts wind direction relative to true north, wind speed (knots), and
temperature (Celsius) for specific altitudes in feet above mean sea level.
NEXRAD Radar Imagery
NEXRAD radar transmits short high-frequency beams of radio energy into the atmosphere from
the ground at various angles and receives reflections of that energy back at the original site.
The return signal is then amplified, processed, and colorized for easy interpretation. Based on
the time it takes to receive the reflected energy, the radar data product is able to convey the
approximate location and density of precipitation at a specific location. This is then depicted
graphically on the SkyView map page.
NEXRAD radar provides high resolution local regional imagery and lower resolution imagery
that covers the entire continental US (CONUS). The FAA’s ADS-B system transmits both of these
periodically, limiting the high resolution regional weather imagery to your locale to preserve
available ADS-B data link bandwidth. SkyView presents all of this data seamlessly.
TFRs (Temporary Flight Restrictions)
SkyView can graphically depict FAA temporary flight restrictions (TFRs) that restrict GA aircraft
movement.
Weather options
Go to MAIN MENU > MAP > MAP MENU> WEATHER OPTIONS to adjust the following weather
preferences and options:


NEXRAD – Turns the ability to display NEXRAD imagery on and off
METAR/TAF Text – Sets whether the METAR and TAF reports that are displayed are in
their raw form, or are decoded per FAA standard abbreviations. Reports that use nonstandard codes (such as those used by military installations) will be shown in their raw
textual format.
Displaying NEXRAD Weather / TFRs
When an SV-ADSB-470 is connected and configured, MAIN MENU > MAP > LAYERS opens the
layers menu that allows you to select Terrain, or Enroute charts and weather on the map page.
You can select weather only, enroute charts or Terrain only, or depict weather on top of any of
the other layers. The terrain highlighting is displayed, but in muted tones, to allow the NEXRAD
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weather / TFR graphics to stand out. Weather information is partially transparent to allow chart
information to remain visible. Other databases (aviation, obstacles, base map, etc.) are still
displayed.
Figure 129 - Map Page: Terrain View (no Weather)
Figure 130 - Map Page: Weather Only View
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Figure 131 - Map Page: Terrain and WX View
Figure 132 - Map Page: VFR and WX View
NEXRAD Legend
NEXRAD imagery is color-coded to indicate density of precipitation:
Purple
Black
Green
Yellow
Orange
Red
Dark Red
Magenta
No Data
Trace
Light
Moderate
Heavy
Heavy
Extreme
Extreme
Table 9 - NEXRAD Precipitation Legend
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NEXRAD Data Coverage
In some circumstances, geographic areas may not have NEXRAD imagery available. This may be
the case if:
 Data is not available for the area because there is no NEXRAD coverage in the locale. This
can be observed in the areas surrounding the US in Figure 131 above.
 Data blocks not received for an area due to radio signal obscuration, interference, or other
radio phenomena:
Figure 133 - Missing NEXAD Data Blocks
 Data has not yet been received for an area for which there is available coverage, due to the
time it takes for the ADS-B system to transmit information. For example, the following
figure depicts what the continental US would look like when higher resolution regional
NEXRAD weather information has been received, but the lower resolution continental US
(CONUS) NEXRAD imagery has not yet been received:
Figure 134 - Regional NEXRAD Only / No CONUS
In all of these cases, areas for which no data is available will depicted in purple by SkyView.
ADS-B Receiver Status / Data Age
A status data block in the lower left corner of the map page contains information about both
the ADS-B Receiver’s state as well as age of the weather data that was last received by the ADSB receiver:
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Figure 138 – ADS=B
Receiver Not Found
Figure 135 - Data Current
Figure 136 - Data Stale
Figure 137 - Data Expired
Information contained within this data block includes:
 ADS-B STATUS
o RECEIVING: The SV-ADSB-470 is communicating with SkyView, and FIS-B weather
data is being received from an ADS-B ground station.
o NO SIGNAL: The SV-ADSB-470 is communicating with SkyView, but there is no
ADS-B ground station in range.
o NOT FOUND: The SV-ADSB-470 is not communicating with SkyView.
 NEXRAD RGNL and NEXRAD CONUS: The age of the regional NEXRAD information being
shown on the map page:
o Current (green) – Data is between 0 and 60 minutes old.
o Stale (yellow) – Data is between 60 and 75 minutes old.
o Expired (red) – Data is at least 75 minutes old.
METAR/TAF/ Winds Information
Textual METARs, TAFs and Winds Aloft can be viewed for individual airports on their INFO
pages. Additionally, a summary of the nearest METAR weather reports for airports that report
METAR information can be found in the NRST list.
Nearest Weather
The MAIN MENU > MAP > NRST window will contain a WX (weather) tab whenever weather
information is available to SkyView:
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Figure 139 - Nearest WX
The flight category below the airport identifier indicates the weather conditions at the airport.
Possible flight categories are:
VFR
MVFR
IFR
LIFR
UNKNOWN
Visibility
> 5 NM
3-5 NM
1-3 NM
< 1 NM
Unknown
Ceiling
> 3000’
1,000’ - 3,000’
500’ – 1000’
< 500’
Unknown
The flight category is determined based on the lowest of either Visibility or Ceiling. For
example, if the airport has 5NM visibility but only 800FT ceilings, it is categorized as IFR.
Individual Airport METARs / TAFs / Winds Aloft Forecast
When METAR and/or TAF and/or Winds Aloft Forecast weather reports are available for an
airport, they are accessed by selecting the WX tab the INFO window for that airport.
Alternatively, pressing INFO when the list of NRST WX is being shown will also bring you directly
to the WX tab of the airport’s INFO PAGE.
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Depending on the setting chosen in MAIN MENU > MAP > MAP MENU > WEATHER OPTIONS >
METAR/TAF TEXT, the METARs and TAFs on the WX page can be in raw or decoded form:
Figure 140 – METAR - Decoded
Figure 141 – TAF - Decoded
Figure 142 - METAR/TAF – RAW
Figure 143 – Winds Aloft Forecast Text
Flight categories for METAR and TAF reports are the same as described in the above Nearest
Weather section.
The age of METARs and TAFs are explicitly stated via the OBSERVED line of the report. Reports
are considered:


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METAR
o Current (white): Data is between 0 and 70 minutes old.
o Stale (yellow): Data is between 70 and 120 minutes old.
o Expired (red): Data is at least 120 minutes old.
TAF
o Current (white): Data is newer than the end of the TAF forecast period.
o Stale (yellow): Not applicable.
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o Expired (red): Data is older than the end of the TAF forecast period.
TFR Depiction
Known published TFRs, both upcoming and active TFRs are depicted on the map page as shown
below. After the TFR expires, it is no longer displayed.
Sports stadium TFRs are persistent and transmitted without active times, and thus
they are always depicted in orange to distinguish them from regular TFRs. However,
the restrictions are only in effect during sporting events. To reduce clutter these
TFRs can be turned off and are listed as a separate option under MAP MENU > MAP
ITEMS > TFR AIRSPACE – STADIUM.
Due to limitations in the way that the FAA currently transmits TFR information via
ADS-B, many TFRs, including but not limited to such as VIP movement / Security /
Hazard / Presidential movement, cannot be depicted by SkyView. Therefore, pilots
should not rely on SkyView TFR depiction as an authoritative source of TFRs. Make
sure to use official briefing data sources for complete TFR information.
Figure 144 - Upcoming TFR
Figure 145 - Active TFR
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Figure 146 - Stadium TFR
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8. Autopilot Operation
This chapter guides you through the functionality, symbology, and operation of the SkyView
Autopilot. It assumes that the Autopilot servos have been properly installed, calibrated, tested,
and tuned according to the procedures in the SkyView System Installation Guide. For
instructions on how to change Autopilot controls see the SkyView System Installation Guide.
Autopilot Safety Features
Servo Failsafe
The Dynon Avionics Autopilot is designed with multiple failsafe features to ensure that the
autopilot can always be disabled, even in the event of electronic or mechanical failure.
First, the required disconnect switch commands the servos to disengage directly, ensuring that
the pilot can always override SkyView’s commands.
Next, the Autopilot servos are designed so that the pilot can always overpower them and move
the control stick/yoke manually with minimal force, even when the servo is operating at its
highest torque output capability.
When the servos are not receiving power, they revert to their normal power-off state. Thus,
simply opening the Autopilot circuit breaker or fuse on in the aircraft will completely inhibit the
Autopilot servos from controlling the airplane.
However, SkyView does continuously look for the presence of powered-up servos, even when
the autopilot is disengaged, and will show an error condition if they are not communicating
with the rest of the system. Therefore, Dynon Avionics recommends that the servos be
powered on whenever SkyView is powered on in routine operation. When the servos are
receiving power but the autopilot is not engaged, the servos draw negligible power.
Finally, in the unlikely event of an internal catastrophic failure of the servo, moderate but firm
force on the control/stick yoke will physically decouple the servo internals from its link to the
aircraft control surface. This action breaks a specially-designed shear screw which is designed to
yield in this scenario to preserve positive pilot control of the aircraft.
Level Mode
The autopilot’s Level Mode (or Straight and Level Mode) will immediately attempt to reach zero
vertical speed and a roll angle of zero. It will not attempt to fly the aircraft to any previous
altitude or track and it will not respect any bug inputs. When activated, Level Mode will cause
the autopilot to engage if it was not already engaged.
Level mode can be activated in two ways:
 The LEVEL Autopilot menu button as described in the following sections.
 An optionally-installed external Level button (see the SkyView System Installation Guide
for connection details)
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Autopilot Operation
Simplified or Expert Controls
In SkyView 6.0 and later, you can choose between two different control schemes for your
Autopilot: Simplified or Expert Controls. For instructions on changing the control scheme, refer
to the SkyView System Installation Guide.
Simplified Controls are great for VFR pilots that are looking to reduce the complexity of the
Autopilot and cruise in comfort without a steep learning curve. With these controls, there are
fundamentally two autopilot modes, each activated by a single button. TRK+ALT flies the
aircraft in a commanded direction and holds altitude, while HSI+ALT flies the navigation source
on the HSI, such as a GPS flight plan or VOR.
Expert Controls include all of the autopilot modes IFR pilots need to complete their mission,
including VNAV, IAS Hold, mode sequencing, fully-coupled approaches, a Flight Director with
single cue (v-bars) or dual cue (crosshairs) presentation, and more.
Each of these control schemes are detailed in separate sections in this chapter.
Top Bar Autopilot Status Area
Figure 147 - Example Top Bar with Autopilot Status
Center AP Text
o AP is displayed in green when either or both AP axes’ servos are engaged.
o AP flashes in yellow when the autopilot has been disengaged within the last 10
seconds.
Roll and Pitch Axes Engaged Arrows
or
o A green arrow to the left and right of the green AP center text points at the axis
or axes for which the servo is engaged.
o Flashes in yellow when the autopilot has been disengaged within the last 10
seconds.
Roll and Pitch Axis Information
o Active Mode and Target
or
 The current mode and the mode’s target for each axis for which the
autopilot is providing guidance.
 Flashes for 10 seconds when an armed mode is sequenced and has
become the active mode.
o Armed Mode
or
 The mode to which the autopilot will automatically transition when the
capture criteria for the new mode is satisfied.
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Autopilot Operation
Other Autopilot Status Information
In addition to the modes that are engaged and armed, the Top Bar and the area around it can
communicate other important Autopilot status information.
Roll Slip Indicator
You may see this during periods of turbulence or if the strength of the servo is not sufficient to
actuate the control surface. If slipping occurs on the roll servo, SkyView displays a slip warning
as illustrated in the following figure. Reference the SkyView System Installation Guide for more
information regarding servo slippage.
Figure 148 - Roll Slip Indicator
Pitch Trim Indicator
When the autopilot is flying the aircraft in the pitch axis, a Pitch Trim Indicator can appear. This
indicator alerts you when the pitch servo detects excessive load on the elevator which would
result in a large pitch excursion when the autopilot is disengaged. To eliminate the excessive
trim forces that the autopilot is trying to overcome, trim the nose of the aircraft in the direction
indicated: up or down. Adjust the trim in small increments and wait a few seconds between
adjustments to see whether the adjustment is sufficient to remove the out-of-trim indication.
Figure 149 - Trim Nose Up Indicator
Pitch Slip Indicator
You may see this during periods of turbulence or if the strength of the servo is not sufficient to
actuate the control surface.
If slipping occurs on the pitch servo, SkyView displays a slip warning as illustrated:
Figure 150 - Pitch Slip Indicator
Reference the SkyView System Installation Guide for more information regarding servo
slippage.
Pitch Slip/Trim Indicator
If prolonged periods of pitch slipping are detected, the condition may be relieved with pitch
trim. SkyView displays a slip indication combined with a trim request.
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Autopilot Operation
Figure 151 - Pitch Slip / Trim Nose Up Indicator
Hold To Engage Indicator
Displayed when the disconnect switch is held down to engage the autopilot. The behavior upon
release is different for Simplified and Expert Autopilot Control schemes. See the Simplified and
Expert Control sections below for additional Hold To Engage behavior information.
Figure 152 - Hold to Engage Indicator
Control Wheel Steering Indicator
Displayed when the disconnect switch is held down while the autopilot is engaged to adjust the
autopilot’s targets. Control Wheel Steering behavior is different for Simplified and Expert
Autopilot Control schemes. See the Simplified and Expert Control sections below for additional
Control Wheel Steering behavior information.
Figure 153 - Control Wheel Steering Mode Indicator
The Control Wheel Steering feature can be enabled and disabled via the Autopilot Setup Menu.
See the SkyView System Installation Guide for details.
Airspeed Out-Of-Range Indicator
SkyView uses the indicator shown below to denote that the aircraft airspeed is outside of the
specified autopilot airspeed range as specified during installation. When SPD is displayed in the
Top Bar the autopilot cannot be engaged.
Figure 154 - Speed Out-Of-Range Indicator
G Limit Indicator
SkyView uses the indicator shown in the following figure to denote that the autopilot’s preset G
limits are hit, and therefore the autopilot will not pull or push on the pitch axis in a way that
would exceed these limits.
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Autopilot Operation
Figure 155 - G-Limit Indicator
Airspeed High/Low Indicator
When the Autopilot is engaged, SkyView uses the indicator shown in the following figure to
denote that the aircraft has reached its maximum or minimum airspeed limits as configured
when the Autopilot was set up.
When either of these indications is displayed, the autopilot will not pull or push on the pitch
axis in a way that would exceed these limits. Instead, the Autopilot will actively pitch the
aircraft up or down to prevent exceeding the maximum airspeed or dropping below the
minimum airspeed. This may prevent the Autopilot from reaching its programmed targets, and
can even cause the Autopilot to maneuver contrary to its programmed targets in order to
remain within the allowed airspeed limits.
Figure 156 - Airspeed Low Indicator
When GPS ASSIST is annunciated on the PFD page SkyView does not have airspeed
information, likely due to a pitot failure or icing event. Therefore, when GPS ASSIST
is active, SkyView cannot limit operations to the maximum and minimum airspeeds
as described in this section. Use extreme caution when using the autopilot under
this circumstance.
Servo Errors
When a servo is offline (for example, when the Autopilot circuit breaker has been pulled) or has
failed, ROLL ERR and/or PTCH ERR are displayed in the Top Bar:
Figure 157 - Roll and Pitch Servo Failures
When Expert Autopilot is in use, press the MESSAGE button twice to view and acknowledge this
error. After the error is acknowledged, the Top Bar message is suppressed so that you can
continue to use the Flight Director for guidance.
Simplified Autopilot Operation and Controls
This section covers how the Autopilot is used when set to the Simplified controls. Refer to the
SkyView System Installation Guide for instructions on how to change the autopilot control
scheme between Simplified and Expert controls.
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Autopilot Operation
Simplified Autopilot Menu
The Autopilot Menu is accessible from the Main Menu by pressing the Autopilot button (over
button 4) (MAIN MENU > AUTOPILOT):
Figure 158 - Press AUTOPILOT in the Main Menu to enter the Autopilot Menu
The Simplified Autopilot Menu, assuming both pitch and roll servos are installed in the aircraft,
is illustrated below:
Figure 159 – Simplified Autopilot Menu
All of the buttons in the above figure are explained in the following sections in the order they
appear in the Simplified Autopilot Menu from left to right.
BACK
Press the BACK button to return to the Main Menu.
OFF
Press the OFF button to disengage both servos from any mode.
TRK+ALT
Press the TRK+ALT button to engage the autopilot in Track Hold and Altitude Hold modes
simultaneously.
When engaged, the TRK+ALT button will highlight in green, and the ground track and altitude
that the autopilot is flying is shown in the Top Bar.
Figure 160 - TRK+ALT Active
Figure 161 - Target Track and Altitude in Top Bar
To disengage the autopilot, press the OFF button, the autopilot disconnect switch, or the
TRK+ALT button a second time.
TRK+ALT will be unavailable and grayed-out if there is not a valid GPS signal or if the autopilot is
outside of its allowable engagement speed ranges.
HSI+ ALT
Press the HSI+ALT button to engage the autopilot in HSI and Altitude Hold modes
simultaneously.
When engaged, the HSI+ALT button will highlight in green, and the HSI source and altitude that
the autopilot is flying is shown in the Top Bar.
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Autopilot Operation
Figure 162 - HSI+ALT Active
Figure 163 - HSI Source and Target Altitude in Top Bar
To disengage the autopilot, press the OFF button, the autopilot disconnect switch, or the
HSI+ALT button a second time.
HSI+ALT will be unavailable and grayed-out if there is not a valid source (with active CDI)
currently selected on the HSI, or if the autopilot is outside of its allowable engagement speed
ranges.
When your HSI source is a radio-based VOR or LOC, SkyView uses GPS position
information to help the autopilot correct for wind effects. If no GPS is available to
SkyView, VOR and LOC sources can still be flown by the autopilot, but the
autopilot’s ability to perfectly track the course guidance may be reduced.
LEVEL
Press the LEVEL button to engage the autopilot in Level mode. Subsequent presses of the
LEVEL button are ignored.
To disengage the autopilot, press the OFF button or the autopilot disconnect switch. Or change
to one of the other autopilot modes by pressing the TRK+ALT or HSI+ALT buttons.
180°
Pressing 180° to initiate an autopilot controlled 180 degree turn from the current track while
maintaining the current altitude. This is effectively the same as pressing TRK+ALT and then
immediately turning the bug turned 180° from the current track. The autopilot will turn the
aircraft to the left.
To disengage the autopilot press either the OFF button or TRK+ALT button.
Messages (Text Varies)
The Message Alert Area is always present above the rightmost button and contains important
SkyView messages and alerts.
Simplified Autopilot Modes
The following table summarizes the different autopilot modes of operation for the roll axis as
annunciated in the Top Bar.
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Autopilot Operation
Mode
Track Hold
(TRK)
Annunciation
HSI (GPS)
HSI (LOC)
GPS
GPSS
VOR
LOC
Level Mode
STRAIGHT
HSI (GPSS)
HSI (VOR)
TRK042
Description
Track hold mode keeps the aircraft flying in a particular
direction, as determined by the GPS’s ground track, or
direction of travel over the ground. This target is reflected by
the track (TRK) bug in the HSI. When the autopilot is initially
engaged, the TRK bug will automatically be synchronized to
the current ground track of the aircraft. Effectively, this means
that the autopilot will keep flying in the same direction that
the aircraft was flying in the moment before the autopilot was
engaged. After the autopilot is engaged, change the track you
want the autopilot to fly by adjusting the TRK bug.
In HSI mode, the autopilot will fly the lateral course guidance
that is displayed on the HSI from the provided source. For
example, if the selected HSI source is the SkyView GPS, and
there is an active Flight Plan, the autopilot will fly that flight
plan. Or if the source is a VOR the autopilot will seek to
capture and hold the set CRS to or from the VOR. If the HSI
source provided GPS roll steering commands (GPSS) the
autopilot will follow those commands.
Holds the aircraft in a wings level attitude (zero degrees roll).
Figure 164 - Simplified Autopilot Roll Modes
The following table summarizes the different autopilot modes of operation for the pitch axis.
Mode
Altitude Hold
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Annunciation
Description
ALT 3500
Altitude hold mode keeps the aircraft flying at a
particular altitude. The altitude that the autopilot holds
is governed by the ALT (altitude) bug. When the
autopilot is initially engaged, the ALT bug will
automatically be synchronized to your current altitude.
Effectively, this means that the autopilot will maintain
the altitude that the aircraft was at the moment before
the autopilot was engaged. After the autopilot is
engaged, you may adjust the altitude that the autopilot
holds by adjusting the ALT bug.
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Autopilot Operation
Mode
Vertical Speed
Hold to
Altitude
Capture
Annunciation
VS -500ALT
Description
Moving the ALT (altitude) bug away from the current
altitude (when already holding altitude) automatically
initiates a climb or descent to the new altitude in
vertical speed mode.
The rate of climb or descent during autopilot controlled
changes in altitude is governed by the VS (vertical
speed) bug. When the autopilot is engaged and a new
altitude is selected, the Autopilot will automatically
choose one of two preset default vertical speeds to
perform that altitude change, depending on whether or
not the Autopilot needs to climb or descend. These
default climb and descent vertical speeds are
configured during Autopilot setup. See the SkyView
System Installation Guide for further details on
adjusting these defaults. Once the Autopilot is climbing
or descending to a new altitude, the VS bug can be
adjusted by the pilot at any time.
Level Mode
LEVEL
Holds the aircraft level by holding zero vertical speed.
Figure 165 - Simplified Autopilot Pitch Modes
Control Wheel Steering
When the autopilot is engaged, press and hold the Autopilot disconnect switch to put the
autopilot into Control Wheel Steering mode.
Figure 166 - Control Wheel Steering Active
While Control Wheel Steering mode is active, the Autopilot servos are temporarily disengaged.
This lets you fly the aircraft by hand for short periods to make an adjustment to the autopilot’s
targets without completely disengaging the Autopilot.
When the disconnect switch is released, the Autopilot’s targets are adjusted as follows:
When in TRK+ALT mode:
o Pitch axis: The ALT bug (and therefore the Autopilot’s altitude target) is
synchronized to the aircraft’s current altitude.
o Roll axis: The TRK bug (and therefore the Autopilot’s track target) is synchronized
to the aircraft’s current GPS ground track.
When in HSI+ALT mode:
o Pitch axis: The ALT bug (and therefore the Autopilot’s altitude target) is
synchronized to the aircraft’s current altitude.
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Autopilot Operation
o Roll axis: No change. The roll axis resumes tracking its HSI source.
The Control Wheel Steering feature can be enabled and disabled via the Autopilot Setup Menu.
See the SkyView System Installation Guide for details.
Hold To Engage
When the autopilot is not already engaged, press and hold the Autopilot disconnect switch will
place the autopilot into Hold To Engage mode. The Top Bar annunciates REL TO ENG (release to
engage) while the disconnect switch is held.
Figure 167 - Hold to Engage Indicator
When the disconnect switch is released, the Autopilot engages in TRK+ALT mode, and the TRK
and ALT targets are both synchronized to the aircraft’s current GPS ground track and altitude.
Effectively, this operation is the same as pressing the TRK+ALT button in the Autopilot menu.
The Hold To Engage feature can be enabled and disabled via the Autopilot Setup Menu. See the
SkyView System Installation Guide for details.
Single Axis Operation
If only one axis is installed the autopilot menu reflects the actions available for the single axis
that can be controlled. Single axis operation is only allowed with the Simplified Autopilot
Interface.
Roll axis only:
Figure 168 - Autopilot Menu in Roll Servo Only Installation
The functionality of this menu is identical to the normal dual axis installation described earlier,
except that no ALT mode functionality is provided.
Pitch Axis only:
Figure 169 - Autopilot menu in Pitch Servo Only Installation
The functionality of this menu is identical to the normal dual axis installation described earlier,
except that only ALT mode functionality is provided.
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Autopilot Operation
Expert Autopilot Operation and Controls
This section covers how the Autopilot is used when set to the Expert controls. Refer to the
SkyView System Installation Guide for instructions on how to change the autopilot control
scheme between Simplified and Expert controls.
Expert Autopilot Menu
The Autopilot Menu is accessible from the Main Menu by pressing the MAIN MENU >
AUTOPILOT button:
Figure 170 - Press AUTOPILOT in the Main Menu to enter the Autopilot Menu
The Expert Autopilot Menu is illustrated below:
Figure 171 – Expert Autopilot Menu
All of the buttons in the above figure are explained in the following sections in the order they
appear in the Expert Autopilot Menu from left to right.
BACK
Press the BACK button to return to the Main Menu.
AP
Engages and disengages the Autopilot servos.
FD
Activates and deactivates the flight director. When the autopilot servos are engaged, the flight
director is always activated.
ROLL
Enters the Roll Menu, which allows you to configure the roll axis of the Autopilot. See the Roll
Menu section below for details.
PITCH
Enters the Pitch Menu, which allows you to configure the pitch axis of the Autopilot. See the
Roll Menu section below for details.
HSI Source HSI SRC
Press this button to cycle the HSI through the different navigation data sources that are
connected to the SkyView system (e.g., GPS 1-4, NAV 1-4, or custom names that may be
configured). The source displayed on the HSI is the guidance for the Autopilot in NAV and VNAV
modes.
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Autopilot Operation
LEVEL
Press the LEVEL button to engage the autopilot in Level mode. Subsequent presses of the
LEVEL button are ignored.
Messages (Text Varies)
The Message Alert Area is always present above the rightmost button and contains important
SkyView messages and alerts.
Roll Menu
The Expert Autopilot Roll Menu is illustrated below:
Figure 172 - Autopilot Roll Axis Menu
All of the buttons in the above figure are explained in the following section in the order they
appear in the Expert Autopilot Roll Menu from left to right.
BACK
Press the BACK button to return to the Expert Autopilot Menu.
HDG
Activates / Deactivates heading mode.
HDG will be unavailable and grayed-out if the autopilot is outside of its allowable engagement
speed ranges.
TRK
Activates / Deactivates GPS ground track mode.
TRK will be unavailable and grayed-out if there is not a valid GPS signal or if the autopilot is
outside of its allowable engagement speed ranges.
NAV
Arms / disarms NAV navigation mode.
NAV will be unavailable and grayed-out if there is not a valid source (with active CDI) currently
selected on the HSI, or if the autopilot is outside of its allowable engagement speed ranges.
ROLL HOLD
Activates / Deactivates roll hold mode.
ROLL HOLD will be unavailable and grayed-out if the autopilot is outside of its allowable
engagement speed ranges.
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Autopilot Operation
Pitch Menu
The Expert Autopilot Pitch Menu is illustrated below:
Figure 173 - Autopilot Pitch Axis Menu
All of the buttons in the above figure are explained in the following section in the order they
appear in the Expert Autopilot Pitch Menu from left to right.
BACK
Press the BACK button to return to the Expert Autopilot Menu.
VS
Activates / Deactivates vertical speed mode.
VS will be unavailable and grayed-out if the autopilot is outside of its allowable engagement
speed ranges.
IAS
Activates / Deactivates indicated airspeed mode.
IAS will be unavailable and grayed-out if the autopilot is outside of its allowable engagement
speed ranges.
ALT HOLD
Activates / Deactivates altitude hold mode. Activation of this mode commands the Autopilot to
hold the current altitude immediately. Altitude hold is always armed when activating VS or IAS
modes so manual arming is not necessary.
ALT HOLD will be unavailable and grayed-out if the autopilot is outside of its allowable
engagement speed ranges.
VNAV
Arms / disarms vertical navigation mode. If not already active, also activates altitude hold
mode.
VNAV will be unavailable and grayed-out if the autopilot is outside of its allowable engagement
speed ranges. VNAV can be armed before a valid glide slope indication has been established to
allow GPS to ILS transitions to be armed in advance.
NOSE DN
Allows easy adjustment of the Autopilot’s active pitch target. Each press of the NOSE DN button
will perform the following action for each of the AP pitch modes:

VS mode: Lowers the VS target, thereby causing the autopilot to pitch the nose of the
aircraft down.
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Autopilot Operation


IAS mode: Raises the IAS target, thereby causing the autopilot to pitch the nose of the
aircraft down.
ALT HOLD mode: Immediately changes the active mode to VS, and sets the initial VS to
the Default Descent Vertical Speed configured during setup. This allows you to start a
descent at a commonly-used vertical speed of your choosing with a single button press.
NOSE DN will be unavailable and grayed-out if the active mode is not VS, IAS or Altitude Hold.
NOSE UP
Allows easy adjustment of the Autopilot’s active pitch target. Each press of the NOSE UP button
will perform the following action for each of the AP pitch modes:



IAS mode: Lowers the IAS target, thereby causing the autopilot to pitch the nose of the
aircraft up.
VS mode: Raises VS target, thereby causing the autopilot to pitch the nose of the aircraft
up.
ALT HOLD mode: Immediately changes the active mode to VS, and sets the initial VS to
the Default Descent Vertical Speed configured during setup. This allows you to start a
climb at a commonly-used vertical speed of your choosing with a single button press.
NOSE UP will be unavailable and grayed-out if the active mode is not VS, IAS or Altitude Hold.
Expert Autopilot Menu Annunciation
The expert autopilot menu uses a system of background highlighting of the buttons to indicate
the current state of the autopilot servos, flight director, active modes and armed modes.




A solid green background indicates that a mode is active and the autopilot is providing
guidance with the servos engaged.
A green border and black background indicates that the autopilot is providing guidance
via the flight director with the servos disengaged.
A solid light gray background indicates that a mode is armed and will become active
when the autopilot detects the capture criteria for the armed mode have been met.
A black background indicates that the mode or function is off.
The following figures illustrate the highlighting scheme:
Figure 174 - Autopilot and Flight Director Engaged
Figure 175 - HDG Mode Active / NAV Mode Armed / Autopilot Engaged
Figure 176 - Flight Director On and Servos not Engaged
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Figure 177 - VS Mode Active / ALT HOLD Mode Armed / Servos Not Engaged
Engaging the Autopilot
Engaging the autopilot with the expert controls preserves the current roll and pitch state of the
aircraft thereby providing the pilot with the opportunity to command the autopilot without
unexpected deviations. With the default modes of the autopilot being roll hold and vertical
speed hold upon activation the aircraft continues its current attitude.
The following table describes the activation of the autopilot modes on an initial press of an
autopilot control, assuming no modes were previously activated:
Control
Autopilot Servos
Flight Director
Lateral Mode
AP
FD
HDG
TRK
NAV
VS
IAS
ALT
VNAV
Engaged
Not Engaged
Not Engaged
Not Engaged
Not Engaged
Not Engaged
Not Engaged
Not Engaged
Not Engaged
On
On
On
On
On
On
On
On
On
LEVEL
Engaged
On
ROLL
ROLL
HDG
TRK
NAV
ROLL
ROLL
ROLL
ROLL
ROLL (0
degrees)
Vertical
Mode
VS
VS
VS
VS
VS
VS
IAS
ALT
ALT->VNAV
VS (0
ft./min)
Disconnect
Hold To engage
Engaged
On
ROLL
VS
Figure 178 - Expert Autopilot Button Press Results
Disengaging the Autopilot
When engaged:



Press the autopilot disconnect switch to turn off the autopilot, deactivate the flight
director, disengage the servos, remove all active and armed modes and indications. This
effectively “resets” the autopilot.
Press the AP button to disengage the servos while leaving the flight director active with
all active and armed modes unchanged. Flight director guidance continues.
o Using the AP button to disconnect is useful for times when you want to will want
to re-engage the autopilot with the same modes that you had used previously.
Press the FD button when the servos are disengaged to turn off the flight director and
remove all active and armed modes and indications. This effectively “resets” the
autopilot.
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Autopilot Operation


Pressing the button for any active mode turns off that mode and any armed mode for
the axis, turns off the flight director and disengages the servo for the axis.
Pressing the button for any armed mode disarms that mode.
Expert Autopilot Roll Modes
The following table summarizes the different autopilot modes of operation for the roll axis.
Mode
Annunciation
Roll Hold
ROLL
Holds the current aircraft roll angle.
Heading
HDG042
Track
TRK042
Holds the selected magnetic heading
target.
Holds the selected GPS ground track
target.
NAV (GPS)
Armed
NAV (GPSS)
Armed
NAV (VOR)
Armed
NAV (LOC)
Armed
NAV (GPS)
Active
NAV (GPSS)
Active
NAV (VOR)
Active
NAV (LOC)
Active
GPS
Level Mode
Description
Captures the selected navigation
source from the active ROLL, HDG or
TRK mode. The Autopilot will
automatically sequence and activate
the armed mode when the autopilot
determines that it can capture the CDI.
GPSS
VOR
LOC
Control
Default mode or
ROLL HOLD button
HDG button
TRK button
NAV button
GPS
GPSS
Tracks the selected navigation source.
VOR
Automatically
sequenced from
the NAV armed
mode.
LOC
STRAIGHT
Holds the aircraft in a wings level
attitude.
LEVEL menu
button or optional
external Level
button.
Figure 179 - Expert Autopilot Roll Modes
HDG
In this mode, the roll axis will fly the selected heading via the HDG (heading) bug.
The HDG bug value is not synchronized unless you manually synchronize the HDG bug or utilize
Control Wheel Steering (see section below for detail). This allows you to pre-select headings in
an IFR environment before you want to actually fly to them.
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Autopilot Operation
TRK
In this mode, the roll axis will fly the selected GPS ground track via the TRK (track) bug.
The TRK bug value is not synchronized unless you manually synchronize the TRK bug or utilize
Control Wheel Steering (see section below for detail). This allows you to pre-select headings in
an IFR environment before you want to actually fly to them.
NAV
In this mode, the roll axis will track the selected HSI source from a GPS, VOR, localizer (LOC) or
GPS roll steering (GPSS).
If the HSI CDI is not already near-centered, NAV mode will be armed, not immediately
activated. The pilot then manipulates the autopilot via TRK, HDG, or Roll Hold mode to
command an intercept of the HSI course guidance. As the CDI centers, the autopilot will
automatically sequence and activate NAV mode.
When the autopilot mode sequences, the autopilot annunciation in the top bar will blink for 10
seconds.
When your HSI source is a radio-based VOR or LOC, SkyView uses GPS position
information to help the autopilot correct for wind effects. If no GPS is available to
SkyView, VOR and LOC sources can still be flown by the autopilot, but the
autopilot’s ability to perfectly track the course guidance may be reduced.
Roll Hold
In this mode the roll axis will fly the target aircraft roll angle. The roll target is the current roll
angle of the aircraft at the time roll hold is activated. The roll target can be adjusted with
Control Wheel Steering (see section below for detail).
Expert Autopilot Pitch Modes
The following table summarizes the different autopilot modes of operation for the pitch axis.
Mode
Annunciation
Vertical Speed
VS -500
Holds the aircraft selected
vertical speed target.
Default mode or VS button
Indicated
Airspeed
IAS 100
Holds the aircraft selected
airspeed target.
IAS button
Altitude
Capture Armed
ALT
Description
Captures the selected altitude
target.
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Control
Automatically armed when
VS or IAS is active and the
selected altitude target is
set.
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Autopilot Operation
Mode
Annunciation
Altitude Hold
ALT 3500
Vertical
Navigation
Armed
VNV
Glideslope
Armed
Vertical
Navigation
Active
Glideslope
Active
Level Mode
GS
VNV
GS
LEVEL
Description
Control
Holds the current altitude
target.
ALT HOLD button or
automatically sequenced
from the ALT armed mode
Captures the vertical
navigation of the selected
navigation source. The
Autopilot will automatically
sequence and activate the
armed mode when the
autopilot determines that it
can capture the GS or VNAV
indicator.
VNAV button
Tracks the vertical navigation
of the selected navigation
source.
Automatically sequenced
from the VNAV armed
mode
Holds the aircraft in a zero
vertical speed attitude.
LEVEL button or Level
Discrete
Figure 180 - Expert Autopilot Pitch Modes
VS
In this mode, the pitch axis of the Autopilot flies the vertical speed as set by the VS (vertical
speed) bug. Upon initial engagement, the aircraft’s current VS is used as the target VS and the
VS bug is synchronized accordingly. The vertical speed target can be adjusted with the VS bug,
the NOSE UP / DN menu buttons or utilizing Control Wheel Steering.
If the ALT bug is set, the Autopilot will also arm ALT mode. This allows it to sequence to ALT
HOLD mode and level off at the pre-selected bugged altitude as the aircraft approaches it. Note
that the Autopilot does not enforce “agreement” between the VS and ALT bugs. For example, it
is possible to set the ALT bug below your current altitude, but set VS to a positive number. In
this case, the aircraft will climb at the commanded VS indefinitely (until it reaches the
Autopilot’s programmed speed limits as it hits the aircraft’s service ceiling) because it will never
approach the ALT bug.
IAS
In this mode, the pitch axis of the Autopilot flies the indicated airspeed as set by the IAS
(indicated air speed) bug. Upon initial engagement, the aircraft’s current IAS is used as the
target IAS, and the IAS bug is synchronized accordingly. The IAS target can be adjusted with the
IAS bug, the NOSE UP / DN menu buttons or utilizing Control Wheel Steering.
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If the ALT bug is set, the Autopilot will also arm ALT mode. This allows it to sequence to ALT
HOLD mode and level off at the pre-selected bugged altitude as the aircraft approaches it. Note
that the Autopilot does not enforce “agreement” between the IAS and ALT bugs. For example,
it is possible to set the ALT bug below your current altitude, but set IAS to a target which results
in a climb. In this case, the aircraft will climb at the commanded IAS indefinitely (until it reaches
the Autopilot’s programmed speed limits as it hits the aircraft’s service ceiling) because it will
never approach the ALT bug.
When GPS ASSIST is annunciated on the PFD page SkyView does not have airspeed
information, likely due to a pitot failure or icing event. When using GPS ASSIST,
SkyView does not inhibit the autopilot. However, IAS mode should not be used.
ALT HOLD
In this mode, the pitch axis of the autopilot holds the altitude target. Upon initial engagement
with the ALT HOLD button the aircraft’s current altitude is used as the target altitude. Upon
capture of the selected altitude from VS or IAS modes the preselected bugged altitude becomes
the target altitude.
When in alt hold mode, the altitude target can be adjusted with the NOSE UP / DN menu
buttons for small adjustments or utilizing Control Wheel Steering.
Note that changing the altitude bug does not affect alt hold mode when it is active. This allows
you to use the altitude bug to pre-select a future altitude that you would like to capture. You
can then activate IAS or VS mode to capture an altitude bug as described in the above VS and
IAS sections.
VNAV
In this mode, the pitch axis of the autopilot tracks the vertical navigation of the selected HSI
source.
Flying a VNAV profile requires more control authority from the autopilot pitch servo
than other autopilot modes, particularly during the final stages of an approach. In
some aircraft, this may result in autopilot servo slips. The autopilot is not
controlling the aircraft when the servos are slipping. Therefore, it is important that
your aircraft’s behavior in a VNAV profile is well-understood BEFORE you fly a
VNAV-based approach in actual IMC.
If your aircraft experiences excessive servo slips, your servo torque setting may
need to be increased. If the torque setting is at its maximum setting, you may need
a bigger pitch servo. If you see any significant servo slipping during a VNAV
approach, disconnect the autopilot servos with the AUTOPILOT > AP menu button
to preserve Flight Director guidance (the disconnect switch will cancel Flight
Director guidance). Then, if you continue with a hand-flown approach, both Flight
Director and NAV/VNAV/GS guidance will continue to be available. Consult the
SkyView In-Flight Tuning Guide for Autopilot tuning procedures that are designed to
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Autopilot Operation
maximize the performance of your autopilot installation.
Before using VNAV, verify that SkyView is holding altitude in ALT HOLD mode within
10 feet of the altitude target stated in the Top Bar. If the altitude being held is
offset by the requested altitude by more than 10 feet, VNAV performance will
suffer.
If altitude hold is offset by more than 10 feet, simply leave the autopilot in ALT
HOLD for 5-10 minutes in smooth air. During that time, the autopilot will
automatically remove the erroneous altitude offset. Once the offset is resolved, the
autopilot will be able to track VNAV guidance ideally.
Selecting VNAV always causes ALT HOLD to engage, with the VNAV mode armed. Only when the
glideslope/ or VNAV Indicator next to the HSI can be captured – as the GS/VNAV indicator
comes alive - will the Autopilot sequence to VNAV mode.
The altitude that is held prior to VNAV must be BELOW the glideslope/VNAV profile. In other
words, when VNAV is armed, the glideslope indicator should be above its centered position.
When the autopilot mode sequences, the autopilot annunciation in the top bar will blink for 10
seconds
Flight Director
The flight director is a visual indication on the PFD that shows what the aircraft should do in
order to satisfy the targets of the currently active autopilot modes. A flight director allows the
autopilot to provide guidance while the pilot is still allowed to provide direct control of the
aircraft.
There are two types of flight director symbologies available in the expert autopilot controls: a
single cue or inverted-V; or a dual cue or cross bars.
Figure 181 - Single Cue / Inverted-V with Autopilot
Servos Engaged
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Figure 182 - Single Cue / Inverted-V with Autopilot
Servos Not Engaged
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Autopilot Operation
Figure 183 - Dual Cue / Cross Bars with Autopilot
Servos Engaged
Figure 184 - Dual Cue / Cross Bars with Autopilot
Servos Not Engaged
If the flight director symbol is aligned with the aircraft’s pitch and roll water-marks the aircraft
is in the desired attitude in order satisfy the autopilot’s guidance. When the autopilot servos
are engaged, it will maneuver the aircraft to align the flight director cues.
Refer to the SkyView System Installation Guide for instructions on how to change the type of
flight director used.
Control Wheel Steering
When the autopilot is engaged, press and hold the Autopilot disconnect switch to put the
autopilot into Control Wheel Steering mode. While Control Wheel Steering mode is active, the
Autopilot servos are temporarily disengaged. This lets you fly the aircraft by hand for short
periods to make an adjustment to the autopilot’s targets without completely disengaging the
Autopilot.
Figure 185 - Control Wheel Steering Active
When the disconnect switch is released, servo engagement, flight director, active modes and
armed modes are restored to their states prior to activation of control wheel steering. Active
modes which have adjustable targets are synchronized to the current aircraft state; heading
mode, track mode, roll hold mode, vertical speed, indicated airspeed, altitude hold. Active
modes which do not have adjustable targets resume tracking their source; NAV and vertical
navigation.
The Control Wheel Steering feature can be enabled and disabled via the Autopilot Setup Menu.
See the SkyView System Installation Guide for details.
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Autopilot Operation
Hold To Engage
When the autopilot and flight director are not already engaged, press and hold the Autopilot
disconnect switch will place the autopilot into Hold To Engage mode.
Figure 186 - Hold to Engage Indicator
When the disconnect switch is released, the Autopilot engages in roll hold and vertical speed
modes. Effectively, this operation is the same as pressing the AP button in the Expert Autopilot
Menu.
The Hold To Engage feature can be enabled and disabled via the Autopilot Setup Menu. See the
SkyView System Installation Guide for details.
Single Axis Operation
Although installing a roll and pitch servo is required in order to utilize the Expert Autopilot
controls, the autopilot will function with a single axis turned off or one or both servos failed.
With the autopilot on a single axis can be turned off by pressing the button associated with the
active mode AFTER the autopilot has been engaged. The button (highlighted in green) will
toggle to black, the status information for the axis will be cleared from the top bar and the axis
engaged arrow will blink for 10 seconds.
Failure of an axis’ servo triggers a disconnect of the servo, a warning in the messaging system
and a PITCH or ROLL ERR annunciation on the top bar. Acknowledging the warning in the
messaging system clears the PITCH or ROLL ERR and the mode annunciation returns to normal.
The flight director continues to provide guidance in the affected axis however it is still the
pilot’s responsibility to control the aircraft in that axis.
Common Operations
Initial Engagement
1. Enter the Autopilot Menu (MAIN MENU > AUTOPILOT)
2. Press the AP button.
3. The autopilot will turn on and engage the servos in Roll Hold mode and Vertical Speed
mode with the targets set to the current aircraft roll attitude and vertical speed.
4. Set the desired heading and altitude bugs. This can be done on the ground prior to
take-off.
5. Altitude hold mode will automatically be armed at the altitude bug value. Adjust the
rate of climb or descent with the NOSE UP / DN buttons in the Pitch Menu or adjust the
vertical speed bug.
6. Select HDG or TRK from the Roll Menu to proceed in the desired direction.
Change Altitude with Vertical Speed
1. Adjust the altitude bug to the new desired altitude.
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Autopilot Operation
2. If you weren’t already climbing or descending, initiate the climb or descent with the
NOSE UP / DN buttons (either in the PITCH menu or on the Autopilot Control Panel) or
adjust the vertical speed bug.
3. This automatically engages VS->ALT mode.
Change Altitude with Indicated Airspeed
1. Adjust the altitude bug to the new desired altitude.
2. Press the IAS button on the Pitch Menu or the Autopilot Control Panel.
3. If you weren’t already climbing or descending, initiate a climb or descent with the NOSE
UP / DN buttons (either in the PITCH menu or on the Autopilot Control Panel) to adjust
the autopilot’s target airspeed. Or adjust the airspeed bug or adjust the aircraft’s power.
Track a Navigation Source
1. This procedure is identical whether you are tracking an enroute navigation source (GPS
or VOR) or a non-precision approach (GPS, VOR or LOC).
2. Select a navigation source on the HSI (MAIN MENU > AUTOPILOT > HSI SRC).
3. The navigation source must be providing valid course and deviation information.
4. Press the NAV button in the Roll Menu.
5. If the CDI is already near-centered NAV mode will immediately become active.
Otherwise NAV mode will arm.
6. If NAV mode is armed, adjust the current mode’s target (heading, track or roll) to
establish the desired intercept with the navigation source.
7. NAV mode will become active once the navigation source CDI can be captured by the
autopilot.
Precision Approach
1. Select a navigation source on the on the HSI (MAIN MENU -> AUTOPILOT > HSI SRC).
a. The external navigation source must be providing valid course and deviation
information.
2. When cleared for the approach, and in alt hold mode:
a. Press the NAV button in the Roll Menu.
b. Press the VNAV button in the Pitch Menu.
3. Adjust the current modes target (heading, track or roll) to establish the desired
intercept with the navigation source or follow ATC vectors.
4. NAV mode and VNAV will sequence independently once their CDI / GS indications can
be captured by the autopilot.
a. Note: If a precision GPS approach is being flown with an approach approved GPS
navigator and the autopilot is already in NAV mode (i.e. not flying vectors to
final) arming of NAV mode is not necessary. Only VNAV will only need to be
armed when cleared for the approach.
b. Note: If an ILS approach is being flown with another navigation source being
used in the transition, for example an approach approved GPS navigator, upon
being cleared for and activating the approach the SkyView’s HSI source must be
switched from NAV to GPS. This may happen one of two ways:
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Autopilot Operation
(1) If the GPS does not support auto-switching from NAV to GPS, you must
manually perform this action by using AUTOPILOT > HSI SRC.
(2) Some devices, such as the Garmin 430, 430W and GTN series, can
automatically change from the GPS to the localizer and send a signal to
the SkyView to automatically change the HSI source at the appropriate
time. If your external GPS/NAV device is configured with this behavior
enabled, one important detail is that such devices ALWAYS control
whether or its GPS or NAV radio is providing guidance. Therefore, when
configured for auto-switching, you must use that device’s CDI or
NAV/GPS toggle to change whether it’s NAV or GPS guidance is shown
on SkyView’s HSI. SkyView’s own HSI SRC button can only see EITHER
the GPS or NAV side of the device at any time.
Missed Approach
1. Once the aircraft is established on the final approach course the missed approach
heading and altitude can be preselected.
2. Once arriving at the missed approach point, press the disconnect switch to disengage
the autopilot and initiate the missed approach manually.
3. Once stabilized use the disconnect hold to engage feature or press the AP button to
reengage the autopilot in ROLL hold and VS mode. The preselect altitude will already be
armed.
4. Press HDG or TRK in the Roll Menu to begin flying the preselected direction.
5. If the navigation source is providing guidance for the missed approach select the source
(if not already) and press NAV in the Roll Menu.
6. Press IAS in the Pitch Menu if an airspeed climb is desired.
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SkyView Autopilot Control Panel Operation
The SkyView Autopilot Control Panel provides dedicated controls for all Autopilot modes. This
allows the pilot to navigate other menus on the SkyView display while retaining direct access to
the autopilot. Autopilot status appears on the SkyView top bar as normal to show active and
armed modes as well as current bug values. The buttons on the control panel perform exactly
the same functions as the menus under MAIN MENU > AUTOPILOT (which remain available and
usable). As the Autopilot Control Panel provides controls for all Autopilot modes, including
VNAV, IAS hold, Flight director, etc., it can only be used when the system is configured to use
the Expert Autopilot control scheme. When SkyView is set for Simplified Controls, the AP
module is inactive. See the Expert Autopilot Operation section of this manual for more details.
Integrated Trim Control Operation
The SV-AP-PANEL has an integrated two channel trim controller that can be used instead of the
normal relay decks that would nominally installed. It is connected to your trim motor(s) (usually
pitch, and sometimes roll or rudder, dependent on the aircraft). It control inputs are normally
wired to the pilot and/or copilot sticks or switches on the panel. When you press and hold the
button or switch corresponding to the trim direction requested, the trim motor moves in that
direction.
Speed Scheduling
When configured, the trim controller's adjustable speed scheduling capability may be set to
slow down the speed of your trim motors as you fly faster so that your trim sensitivity is the
same across your airspeed ranges. This behavior is configured during installation.
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Autopilot Operation
Trim Controller Safety Features
Controlling aircraft trim in your aircraft is serious. The SV-AP-PANEL's integrated trim controller
features the following safety features:

When the trim controller is connected to two sets of switches or stick controls, one of
them will always take priority over the other when the requested trim commands
disagree. This is normally the "pilot" position, but whether or not this is the left or right
seat or set of controls will vary by aircraft.

Although hosed in the SV-AP-PANEL, the electronics in the trim controller are powered
by aircraft power and are independent from SkyView. Trim control will remain available
even if SkyView itself is unpowered or offline. In this failsafe condition, the trim
controller's speed scheduling is disabled and the trim motors will run at their full speed
when trim is commanded.

To protect from a "runaway" trim condition, the longest that a trim motor will run
continuously even when a trim button or switched is continually depressed is three
seconds. After three seconds, the trim motor will cease responding until the trim button
is released and pressed again.
Note: At this time, the trim controller does not provide auto-trim capability while
the autopilot is engaged.
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9. SkyView Touch (SV-D1000T) Operation
SkyView Touch was designed specifically for the cockpit. Recognizing the challenge that
turbulence poses in using touch gestures, SkyView’s pilot-engineers created an interface
specifically to complement SkyView’s existing button/knob interface and not completely
replace it. Touch actions are designed to be easy to learn and are used in places where they can
reduce pilot workload the most. So, although many aspects of SkyView’s operation are touchenhanced, the full set of buttons and knobs are always available for when it gets bumpy.
Effective control is critical in turbulence: While you usually hold a smartphone or
tablet in your hands, your EFIS screen is at the end of your outstretched arm, and
it’s moving with the aircraft, not with you. These two things conspire to make touch
control less than ideal for control during turbulence. The touch interface philosophy
is derived from SkyView's complete set of buttons and joystick knobs, so you don’t
have to learn any different processes for turbulence, when you can rely on the
buttons and knobs when you need them most.
When “show touches” is enabled (via a setup mode option):
appears at the
touch point of contact and remains under your finger until contact is removed. This
allows you to see exactly where your finger is making contact with the objects on
the screen. See SkyView System Installation Guide for more details on enabling or
disabling “show touches”.
Menu Operations
Touching a menu label at the bottom of the screen is equivalent to pressing the physical button
below it. This allows the pilot to perform most actions via touch.
Top Bar Operations
Touching the transponder, autopilot status, or clock/timer displays instantly enables those
features’ controls in the menu, eliminating the normal button pushes the pilot would use to
navigate to those controls.
Figure 187 - Top Bar Touch Regions
Touch region shortcuts:
1. MAIN MENU > AUTOPILOT
a. When the Autopilot is configured with Simplified controls, this region will bring
up the Autopilot menu.
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SkyView Touch (SV-D1000T) Operation
b. When the Autopilot is configured with Expert controls the left half of the status
bar will short cut to AUTOPILOT > ROLL and the right half of the status bar will
shortcut to AUTOPILOT > PITCH.
2. MAIN MENU > XPNDR
3. MAIN MENU > TOOLS > TIMER
PFD Operations
Touching a PFD item that has an adjustable bug instantly re-assigns a SkyView PFD joystick knob
to that touched item, eliminating the need to manually reassign a joystick knob. When multiple
pages are up on the display the joystick knob closest to the PFD page is assigned, when 100%
PFD is shown it will assign the left knob.
Figure 188 - EFIS Touch Regions
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SkyView Touch (SV-D1000T) Operation
Figure 189 - Six Pack Touch Regions
Touch Region functions:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Assigns knob to IAS bug
Assigns knob to ALT bug
Assigns knob to VS bug
Assigns knob to HDG or TRK bug
Assigns knob to CRS bug
Assigns knob to BARO
Equivalent to pressing HSI SOURCE button; cycles the HSI through the different
navigation data sources that are connected to the SkyView system.
8. Assigns knob to MDA bug (if MDA bug is turned ON in the PFD menu)
9. Equivalent to pressing MAIN MENU > PFD so that the pilot can adjust the bearing needle
sources.
Engine Operations
Touching anywhere on the EMS page will open the Engine menu (MAIN MENU > EMS).
Map Operations
The map responds to touch in much the same way you’ve come to expect from modern tablets
and phone maps. You can pan, zoom, point, pinch, select and navigate with simple touch-based
gestures. Figure 190 shows the available touch “buttons” on the map.
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SkyView Touch (SV-D1000T) Operation
Figure 190 - Map Touch Regions
Touch Region functions:
1. Info items that display information only - such as those colored red in the image above do not respond to touch.
2. Touching the Map Pointer information bar will exit panning mode. The map will resume
following the aircraft.
3. The + and – will zoom the map in or out. In addition, you can use two fingers anywhere
on the map to pinch to zoom in or out of any point or area of interest.
4. Touching any of the shortcut info item buttons will result in the same action as pressing
the corresponding menu softkey regardless of what menu is currently displayed. These
touchable info items are only available on touch displays,:
a. Touching FPL Source will toggle the course legs displayed on the SkyView map
between the SKYVIEW flight and any available external flight plans connected to
SkyView. It is the same as selecting that device’s Flight Plan in the Flight Plan
menu and choosing the “SHOW _EXTERNAL NAVIGATOR_ FPL on MAP” option.
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SkyView Touch (SV-D1000T) Operation
b.
: Touching the
button performs the same actions that the
button
does in the Map Menu.
c. FPL: Touch FPL (Flight Plan) to bring up the Flight Plan window. It is used to
create, display, or modify Flight Plans. It is equivalent to pressing Map Menu >
FPL in the menu system. Reference the Flight Planning section of this guide for
details.
d. INFO: Touch INFO to bring up the Info window with detailed information about
any selected airport, navaid, or other item that is selected in the map pages or
that is being pointed to with the Map Pointer. It is equivalent to pressing Map
Menu > INFO in the menu system. See the Navigation Mapping Software section
for more details.
e. NRST: Touch NRST (Nearest) to bring up the window that displays the nearest
airports, navaids, and user waypoints. It is equivalent to pressing Map Menu >
NRST in the menu system.
5. After you have touched a region on the map that has multiple airports, airspaces, or
other items underneath it: Touch the information pop-up text box on its left or right side
to scroll through the additional items. It is equivalent to turning the joystick when
multiple possible items can be selected on the map.
6. Touch the North arrow to toggle the map display between track up and north up mode.
Unlike the preference setting in MAP MENU > MAP MODE, this is not a permanent
setting and will revert to the preferred orientation when the zoom level changes.
7. Touch anywhere on the map to place the map pointer on the map. This lets you choose
items to see more information about them, navigate to them, add them to flight plans,
etc. Press the resulting information bar near the top of the display to clear the pointer
and resume following the aircraft.
Info Pages
In the Info window and other places that you can look up locations by their identifier or name,
SkyView Touch will present a keyboard that can be used to type these in. The on-screen
keyboard can be set to display in "QWERTY" or alphabetical order in the SkyView Setup Menu.
For more precise character entry in turbulence, you still use the knob to choose characters as
well.
The INFO, Nearest, Flight Plan, and other lists within the Map Menu can be scrolled
through and their items selected with touch. Additionally, the tabs in the Nearest
and similar windows are selectable. However, deeper settings menus under the
MAP Menu and Flight Plan menu are only navigable with the CURSOR joystick.
Within the Map, there are places where you can perform complex multi-step
operations, such as when manipulating flight plans, working with waypoints, etc. If
you are in the middle of an operation and touch an item - such as the shortcuts on
the top bar - that cause the menu to change, the menu and any open windows will
close just as if CANCEL/BACK had been pressed. For example, if you are adding a
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SkyView Touch (SV-D1000T) Operation
waypoint to the SkyView flight plan and touch the top bar for the TIMER before
finishing the insert, it is the same as pressing CANCEL out of the flight plan menu.
Figure 191 - Touch ABC Keyboard Entry
Figure 192 - Touch QWERTY Keyboard Entry
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10. COM Radio Operation
The SV-COM-C25 integrates with your SkyView system in a novel way, allowing you to “load”
airports to it to enable quick, single button-push frequency tuning via the dedicated TWR, ATIS,
GND, and ATC buttons. You can also send individual frequencies to the SV-COM-C25 from
SkyView’s airport info pages. And of course, you can also spin frequencies in the “old fashioned
way” when you’re feeling nostalgic (or are following ATC instructions).
The airport lookup, loading and reverse lookup features of the SV-COM-C25 require
a connected SkyView with a GPS signal, SkyView’s Navigation Mapping Software,
and an aviation database.
COM Control Panel Overview
The SV-COM-C25 has a dedicated control panel that contains full status information about the
radio:
Figure 193 - COM Radio Control Panel
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COM Radio Operation
SkyView Top Bar COM Radio Status Overview
COM Radio Status is also reflected in the top bar of your SkyView displays. The identification
lettering (B-I) depicted below matches the figure above:
Using your COM Radio
Power
The SV-COM-C25 normally powers on and off with your SkyView system. Press and hold the
Volume Knob / Power Button to manually turn the SV-COM-C25 off and on.
Volume
Use the volume knob to adjust the radio volume. You may want to use Squelch Override –
covered below, to aid in finding a comfortable volume level.
Transmitting and Receiving
The SV-COM-C25 transmits on the active frequency only, and normally receives only on that
frequency. When transmitting, the following indications are shown:
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COM Radio Operation
When receiving on the active frequency, the following indications are shown.
Note the arrow on the top bar that points to the active frequency, and the up arrow on the RX
area of the control panel display that points “up” to the active frequency:
Squelch Override (Monitor)
The radio has an automatic squelch function which screens out noise and only receives radio
stations that have active transmissions on them. However, you may wish to override this
feature to hear a distant radio station or to help set the radio volume. To listen to the active
frequency, press the volume knob momentarily.
RXSQ will be shown in the RX/TX Status Indicator areas on both the control panel and SkyView
Top Bar to indicate the squelch is being overridden.
The squelch setting, which determines how strong a radio transmission must be before the
radio receives it, is configured during setup. See the SkyView System Installation Guide for
instructions on adjusting this parameter.
Dual Watch
Press and hold the dual concentric knob to enable dual watch.
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COM Radio Operation
When dual watch is enabled, the SV-COM-C25 monitors the standby frequency for
transmissions while simultaneously monitoring the active frequency, allowing you to listen to
both (but not simultaneously). This allows you to listen to ATIS on standby, for example, while
keeping tower tuned to the active frequency.
The active frequency always receives priority. This is true even if dual watch is listening to a
continuous broadcast on the standby frequency. For example, if ATIS is on standby and tower is
on active, and dual watch is enabled, the COM will receive ATIS continuously on standby when
there is no tower activity. But, when a tower transmission is received on the active frequency, it
immediately takes priority and is heard exclusively.
To help you determine whether the radio is receiving on the active or standby frequency, both
the control panel and SkyView’s top bar visually indicate which of the standby or active
frequency is being received on at any moment:
Manual Frequency Tuning
To manually tune a frequency via the control panel:

10-4
Turn the large, outer ring of the dual concentric knob to change the standby frequency
in 1 MHz increments.
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COM Radio Operation


Turn the small, inner ring of the dual concentric knob to change the standby frequency
in 25 kHz increments.
o For example, if the frequency you start with is 123.450, turning the large knob
will change the numbers before the decimal – 123 – while the small knob will
adjust the numbers after the decimal – 450.
Press the dual concentric knob on the control panel to flip/flop the chosen frequency
from the standby frequency to the active frequency.
Airport / Station Type Reverse-Lookup
When a frequency is manually tuned, SkyView will search for the closest known airport within
75 miles that has that frequency and automatically show that airport’s identifier in the
associated airport and station type fields on both the control panel and top bar.
For example, if you manually tune 118.300 near Seattle’s Boeing Field, the associated airport
will be shown as KBFI and the station type as TWR1.
Tuning Individual Frequencies from SkyView
To send an individual frequency from SkyView’s airport information pages:


From SkyView, bring up the INFO page for an airport
Then, use the joystick to select a frequency from under the COMS tab
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COM Radio Operation

With a valid COM frequency highlighted, press the TUNE COM button to send the
frequency to the standby frequency:

Press the dual concentric knob on the control panel to flip/flop the chosen frequency
from the standby frequency to the active frequency.
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COM Radio Operation
This feature also works when a Garmin SL30, SL40, GTR 225, GNC 255, MGL V6,
MGL V10, Trig TY91, Val NAV 2000, or Icom A210 (with Icom sw version 1.53 or
newer) is appropriately configured. The SL30 and GNC 255 can additionally receive
NAV radio frequencies by selecting VOR frequencies (MAP > NRST > VOR > TUNE
NAV). You can tune NAV frequencies from both the NRST list of VORs, as well as
from the detailed VOR Info pages.
Loading Airports to the SV-COM-C25
The SV-COM-C25’s most unique and innovative feature is its ability to load airports onto the
control panel. Once an airport is loaded, single presses of the TWR, ATIS, GND, and ATC buttons
automatically tune those frequencies (to the standby location) for that airport.
Loading Airports via SkyView
By Nearest
 From SkyView’s MAP page, press NRST.
 Highlight the airport you wish to load to the control panel.

Press the APT>COM button to load the airport to the control panel
o Note this button is only available if SkyView has frequencies for the selected
airport.
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COM Radio Operation

Use the TWR, ATIS, GND, and ATC buttons on the control panel to send the associated
airport frequencies to the standby frequency location.
By Airport Lookup
 From SkyView’s MAP page, look up an airport via SkyView’s INFO page.

10-8
Press the APT>COM button to load the airport to the control panel
o Note this button is only available if SkyView has frequencies for the selected
airport.
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COM Radio Operation

Use the TWR, ATIS, GND, and ATC buttons to send the associated airport frequencies to
the standby frequency location
Loading Airports via the Control Panel
By Nearest
 Press the APT button once. NRST APT is displayed on the control panel, and the top bar
shows a list of the nearest airports within 75nm of your current location:

Rotate the small, inner dual concentric knob to the airport you wish to load

Press the dual concentric knob on the control panel to load the airport to the control
panel (or press APT to cancel your selection)

Use the TWR, ATIS, GND, and ATC buttons to send the associated airport frequencies to
the standby frequency location.
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COM Radio Operation
By A-Z / 0-9 Character Entry
 Press the APT button twice.

Use the dual concentric knob to type an airport identifier. Note that this search is
limited to airports within 75 miles of your location to speed up entry by limiting the
airport possibilities.
o The small, inner knob chooses characters (A-Z, 0-9)
o The larger, outer knob moves the cursor.

When the desired airport is displayed, press the dual concentric knob on the control
panel to load the airport to the control panel (or press APT to cancel your selection)
Use the TWR, ATIS, GND, and ATC buttons to send the associated airport frequencies to
the standby frequency location.

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COM Radio Operation
Using the TWR, ATIS, GND, and ATC Buttons
When an airport is loaded on the radio, press the TWR, ATIS, GND, and ATC buttons to send
frequencies associated with that airport to the standby frequency. Repeated presses of these
buttons will cycle through all available frequencies of that type (for example busy airports may
have multiple tower frequencies):
TWR: Tunes tower, unicom, and multicom frequencies.
ATIS: Tunes ATIS and other weather/information frequencies, including AWOS, ASOS, AWIB,
and AWIS frequencies.
GND: Tunes ground control frequencies.
ATC: When on the ground: Tunes pre-taxi, clearance, and departure frequencies associated
with an airport. When in the air: Tunes departure, center, and approach frequencies when
associated with an airport.
Other Status Information
Operating Without SkyView
The SV-COM-C25 can be used when SkyView is powered off or has failed. However, only
manual tuning will be available. The control panel annunciates this condition in the following
way:
Figure 194 - No SkyView mode
You may see this annunciation as your SkyView displays first power up, as they take longer to
initialize than the COM radio.
No Aviation Database / Map License
If SkyView does not have an aviation database loaded, or SkyView does not have a Navigation
Mapping Software license, the airport loading and TWR/ATIS/GND/ATC buttons will not be
available. The control panel annunciates this condition in the following way:
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COM Radio Operation
Waiting for Data
The loaded airport area of the control panel will show an animating scrolling black cursor
momentarily when it is waiting for airport data from SkyView:
Figure 195 - Scrolling Cursor
No GPS
The control panel and SkyView top bar annunciate that SkyView does not have GPS position
information in the following way:
Without GPS position, airport loading and TWR/ATIS/GND/ATC will not be available.
You may see this annunciation as SkyView starts up or when the aircraft does not have GPS
reception (for example, when inside the hangar).
Stuck Mic
If a transmission lasts more than 30 seconds, the mic is assumed to be stuck. Transmitting is
discontinued, and both the top bar and control panel annunciate “STUC” in the TX/RX
indication area.
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COM Radio Operation
External Flip/Flop
If you have an external flip/flop switch connected (typically to your control stick or yoke),
pressing it flip/flops the active and standby frequencies just like pressing the dual concentric
knob does. See the SkyView System Installation guide for details on connecting an external
flip/flop switch.
Dual COM Radios
If you have more than one COM radio that is capable of communicating with SkyView, only the
primary COM radio’s status information will be displayed in the Top Bar. Additionally, only the
primary radio will receive airports or frequencies from SkyView when SkyView’s TUNE or
APT>COM buttons are used.
However, if your second COM radio is a Dynon SV-COM-C25, all of its control-panel based
features work just like the primary radio’s. In other words, you can still use the APT button to
load airports, the TWR/GND/ATIS/ATC buttons to tune frequencies, and airport/station types
are reverse-looked up when you manually tune the second radio.
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11. Messages and Alerts
SkyView annunciates important notifications onscreen, in a dedicated Message Window, and
optionally via audio (if connected and configured). This chapter describes SkyView alert
behavior.
Loss of Information
SkyView notifies users with a large red X and a descriptive label if a major failure occurs that
prevents the display of information. A red X may overlay an entire page if a data source such as
an EMS module fails or a red X may overlay a single widget if a single engine sensor fails or is
not connected.
For example, the PFD would look like Figure 196 if all ADAHRS in the system fail:
Figure 196–Example SkyView Failure
Message, Caution, and Warning Alerting System
Message Notification Area
The area directly above the rightmost button (button 8) is the Message Notification Area. This
area is reserved to notify the pilot of various messages and alerts that SkyView can present. All
messages and alerts are categorized by severity into one of three categories. These include
advisory “messages”, “caution” alerts, and “warning” alerts.
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Messages and Alerts
Alerts and messages are all categorized into one of three severity levels:



o
Advisory message.
o A condition which is abnormal but not critical in nature; may increase pilot
workload.
o
A critical condition that should be addressed immediately; may affect safety of
flight if not addressed.
Figure 197 - Message Notification Area above button 8 (2nd from right), showing a Warning Notification
The Message Notification Area changes its appearance to reflect the highest level of alert that is
present in the system at any given time:
Notification
/
Style
Flashing
Alert Type
Unacknowledged Advisory Message
/
Flashing
Unacknowledged Caution Alert
/
Flashing
Unacknowledged Warning Alert
Persistent (but acknowledged) Advisory
Message condition still present
Persistent (but acknowledged) Caution
Alert condition still present
Persistent (but acknowledged) Warning
Alert condition still present
No active alerts or messages (no color)
Solid
Solid
Solid
Solid
Table 10 – Notification Types
Whenever a new alert or message is generated, the Message Notification Area will flash to
provide a clear visual indication that there are unviewed messages or alerts that have not yet
been seen and acknowledged.
When alert conditions are present - but they have been acknowledged by viewing them - the
Message Notification Area will continue to show the highest notification type of all persisting
alerts or messages. However, if there are no unviewed messages or alerts, the Message
Notification Area will not flash.
Anytime a yellow caution alert is triggered, the following simultaneous events occur:

If audio is connected and an audio alert exists for the particular alert, it will be played.
Anytime a red warning alert is first triggered, the following simultaneous evens may occur:


11-2
If installed, the external alarm light will flash (for EMS-based alerts only).
If audio is connected and an audio alert exists for the particular alert, it will be played.
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Messages and Alerts

If the alert is related to an on-screen parameter on the Engine Page, that parameter’s
value will flash and highlight red simultaneously.
Engine warning alerts are only triggered when their respective sensors are
configured as self-clearing or latching alarms. If a sensor’s alarm is configured as
off, no alert will trigger, even if that sensor’s measurement enters a range defined
as red. Reference the SkyView System Installation Guide for more information
regarding alarm configuration.
Engine parameters only trigger alerts in the Message Notification Area and
Message Window when they enter their “red” ranges. In other words, “yellow”
caution ranges for engine parameters do not trigger alerts. Yellow caution ranges,
however, are visually annunciated via yellow highlighting on the Engine Page.
Message Window
The Message Window provides more detailed information about messages and alerts. Press the
rightmost button under the Message Notification Area to display the Message Window.
Figure 198 - Message Window
The Message Window prioritizes alerts and messages from top to bottom in the following
order:



Red warning alerts
Yellow caution alerts
White advisory messages
Additionally, messages are further sorted in the order in which they occur, with the newest
being higher.
Messages that are highlighted indicate that they are new (not acknowledged) and have not
been seen before.
The tab at the top-right corner of the Message Window indicates how many pages of messages
there are, and which page is being viewed. For example, if there were 2 pages of messages, and
the first was being displayed, this tab would display “1/2”. If there is only one page of Alert
Messages, pressing the rightmost button simply closes the Message Window. If there are more
Messages present than can fit in the window, pressing the right most button moves to the next
page of Messages. When you are on the last page of Messages, another press of the rightmost
button closes the Message Window.
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Messages and Alerts
Alert and Message Acknowledgement
New messages and alerts that have not been seen are considered unacknowledged and are
highlighted. Acknowledged messages are not highlighted in the Message Window. Display the
Message Window with the rightmost button to acknowledge an alert message. This action
displays the current alerts and messages and causes the Message Notification Area to stop
flashing. Note that self-clearing alerts may not need acknowledgement if the alarm condition
ceases.
Figure 199–Unacknowledged (left) and Acknowledged (right) Alarms
Note that, even when all alerts are acknowledged, the Message Notification Area will remain
solidly red, yellow, or white as long as an alert condition or message persists. Additionally,
other on-screen displays - such as Engine gauges - will continue to blink and remain highlighted
yellow or red until their alert condition ceases.
For EMS-based alerts only – the optional external alarm light will either remain lit after
acknowledgement of a red warning alert (while the alarm condition continues to exist) or may
extinguish with acknowledgement, depending on how SkyView is configured. Instructions for
adjusting this behavior are discussed in the SkyView System Installation Guide.
If new messages or alerts are triggered while the Message Window is being displayed, they are
not immediately displayed and will not be seen until the NEXT time the Message Window is
displayed. This reduces visual noise in dynamic situations where alerts and messages may be
triggering and/or clearing rapidly. If new alerts occur while viewing the window, the Message
Notification Area will begin to flash again. In other words, any time the Message Notification
Area is flashing, there are alerts that have not yet been seen and acknowledged.
In Dual Engine systems, the EMS alerts are not synchronized across the displays.
Alerts appear on the display tied to that engine, audio is sent from that display, and
alerts can only be acknowledged on that display.
Prompts Requiring Interaction
Some system events display outside of the Message Window and alerting system – usually via a
“pop-up” near the bottom of the display. These often require a particular menu action or
choice to proceed. An example of this is loss of primary power resulting in SkyView operating
from backup battery (if installed). In this condition, the pilot must choose whether to keep the
display on (on battery power) or to power the display off.
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Messages and Alerts
Audio Alerts
When connected to an audio panel or intercom, SkyView can generate tones or voice alerts for
various conditions.
Inhibited Alerts
Audio alerts that occur within 5 seconds of SkyView initially powering on are inhibited to reduce
transient nuisance alerts that may occur as SkyView comes online.
Engine Alerts can be optionally configured to be inhibited before engine start or 5 minutes,
whichever comes first. See the SkyView System Installation Guide for details.
Messages, Alerts, and Audio Alert Details
Spoken Alert (if
configured)
“Warning”
“ADAHRS Cross Check
Error”
“Warning”
“Engine Monitor”
“Oil Pressure”
“Fuel Pressure”
“Fuel Flow”
“Fuel Quantity”
“Electrical Current”
“Voltage”
“Exhaust Gas
Temperature”
“Cylinder Head
Temperature”
“Engine Speed”
“Warning”
“Engine Monitor”
Message Displayed
in Message
Window
ADAHRS FAIL
ADAHRS CROSS CHK
ERROR
EMS FAIL
Notification
Area Alert
(severity)
Description
ADAHRS failure
Displayed after an ADAHRS crosscheck error was announced in a
multi-ADAHRS systems, but the
pilot did not disable one of the
disagreeing ADAHRS.
Engine monitor failure
Engine Parameter High or Low.
“High” or “Low” is not displayed
for all parameters.
<Engine Parameter>
HIGH or LOW
ADAHRS CAL
CORRUPT
<VP-X channel
name> FAULT
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Engine Alerts can be optionally
configured to be inhibited before
engine start or 5 minutes,
whichever comes first. See the
SkyView System Installation Guide
for details.
Contact Dynon for assistance
VP-X channel fault
11-5
Messages and Alerts
Spoken Alert (if
configured)
“Warning”
Message Displayed
in Message
Window
DEMO MODE
“Warning”
PITCH SERVO
OFFLINE
“Warning”
ROLL SERVO
OFFLINE
“Warning”
“Warning”
“Warning”
ARINC-429 OFFLINE
BACKUP BATTERY
LOW
SKYNET POWER
FAULT
“Check Canopy Latch”
Check Canopy Latch
“Caution”
STANDBY NETWORK
ERROR
“Caution”
“Caution”
“Caution”
POSITION SOURCE
or GPS X FAIL
TRANSPONDER FAIL
XPNDR GPS IN
OFFLINE
“Caution”
“Caution”
“Caution”
11-6
BACKUP BATTERY IN
USE
OTHER DISPLAY
OFFLINE
NEED COMPASS CAL
Notification
Area Alert
(severity)
Description
System is in Dynon demo mode
and is not airworthy
The Pitch Autopilot servo has
stopped communicating with
SkyView. Will be seen if Autopilot
servos are not receiving power.
The Roll Autopilot servo has
stopped communicating with
SkyView. Will be seen if Autopilot
servos are not receiving power.
The SV-ARINC-429 module is not
communicating with SkyView.
The backup battery connected to
this display is low.
A fault has been detected in the
wires that provide power to
SkyView Network devices.
A canopy latch alert is configured;
The canopy is not latched; and the
engine has been advanced past a
configured RPM.
SkyView Network has lost its
secondary standby network
redundancy. See below for more
information.
Position source (GPS) failure
Transponder failure.
The certified GPS source (optional
connection) that normally
provides GPS position to the SVXPNDR-261 for ADS-B Out use is
offline.
System has switched to SkyView
Backup Battery.
A SkyView Display has failed or is
no longer communicating via
SkyView Network.
Magnetic compass heading is not
calibrated
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Messages and Alerts
Spoken Alert (if
configured)
“Caution”
Message Displayed
in Message
Window
NEED USER AOA
CAL
“Caution”
GPS ASSIST
“Caution”
“Caution”
ADAHRS CAL OLD
AP BROKEN
DISCONNECT
“Caution”
XPNDR ALT
ENCODER FAIL
“Caution”
ACTV ADAHRS
VIBRATION
“Caution”
ADS-B IN OFFLINE
“Caution”
ZAON OFFLINE
“Caution”
FLARM OFFLINE
“Caution”
“Caution”
“Caution”
COM RADIO PANL
OFFLINE
COM XCEIVER
OFFLINE
BATTERY
MISSING/FAULT
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Notification
Area Alert
(severity)
Description
AOA is not properly calibrated
Airspeed information is not
available; GPS is being used to aid
in the computation of attitude
information; Attitude may be
degraded
Contact Dynon Avionics for
assistance
Autopilot disconnect switch wire
is broken
Altitude is not being sent to the
SV-XPNDR-26X because it is not
available from its nominal
barometric altitude source.
The currently-active ADAHRS has
detected vibration that will affect
G Meter and Autopilot, attitude
indicator performance.
Troubleshoot when able.
The connected ADS-B
traffic/weather receiver has not
replied to a status query in the
last 30 seconds.
The connected Zaon traffic
receiver has not replied to a
status query in the last 10
seconds.
The connected FLARM traffic
receiver has not replied to a
status query in the last 3 seconds.
The COM radio control panel is no
longer communicating with
SkyView.
The COM radio transceiver
module Is not communicating
with SkyView.
A previously connected backup
battery is no longer detected or
has failed.
11-7
Messages and Alerts
Spoken Alert (if
configured)
Message Displayed
in Message
Window
Notification
Area Alert
(severity)
“Caution”
CROSS CHECK
ATTITUDE
“Caution”
TOUCH PANEL
FAULT
“Switch Fuel Tank”
SWITCH FUEL TANK
“Timer Expired”
TIMER EXPIRED
“Message”
BATTERY TEST
FAILED
“Message”
BATTERY TEST
NEEDED
“Message”
“Message”
SOFTWARE
MISMATCH
OEM CONFIG
MISMATCH
“Message”
TAIL # MISMATCH
“Gees” (repeats)
“Over Gees” (repeats)
“Traffic Not Available”
11-8
None
n/a
None
n/a
None
n/a
Description
While in flight, IAS has become
invalid (likely due to icing or
obstruction), and all GPS sources
have failed. The attitude
indication should be considered
unreliable.
Touch Hardware is currently
offline.
The optionally-configured fuel
tank timer has reached its preconfigured time or fuel quantity
consumption limit.
A DOWN timer under TOOLS >
TIMER has expired.
A full backup battery test was
performed, and it failed. See the
Installation Guide for further
troubleshooting information.
A year or more has passed since
the last successful backup battery
test, or the last three SkyView
shutdowns were abnormal.
SkyView components are not all
running the same software
version
OEM-customized displays are not
in sync with each other
Tail numbers differ between
SkyView displays – settings will
not properly synchronize
The G-meter is in the yellow
caution range
The G-meter is in the red warning
range
Traffic is not available from a
previously available source
SkyView Pilot’s User Guide - Revision Q
Messages and Alerts
Spoken Alert (if
configured)
Message Displayed
in Message
Window
Notification
Area Alert
(severity)
“Traffic”
None
n/a
None
n/a
None
n/a
None
n/a
None
n/a
None
n/a
None
n/a
None
n/a
None
n/a
None
n/a
“Autopilot Mode”
“Autopilot Disconnect”
“Trim Up”
“Trim Down”
“Autopilot Airspeed
High/Low”
“Approaching Minimums”
“Minimums”
“Approaching Altitude” /
“Leaving Altitude”
“Overspeed”
SkyView Pilot’s User Guide - Revision Q
Description
A new traffic advisory target has
been identified. Note that this
audio alert is suppressed when
not in flight to reduce nuisance
alerts. Other visual traffic alert
indications persist, however.
The autopilot roll mode has
changed since it was engaged.
This includes sequencing onto an
armed mode (such as an ALT Hold
> VNAV sequence)
The roll or pitch autopilot axis has
disconnected
The autopilot requires nose up
trim to maintain control of the
aircraft, and has been
annunciating this visually on the
display for at least 30 seconds.
This alert is played a maximum of
once every 30 seconds.
The autopilot requires nose down
trim to maintain control of the
aircraft, and has been
annunciating this visually on the
display for at least 30 seconds.
This alert is played a maximum of
once every 30 seconds.
The autopilot airspeed limits are
exceeded.
Altitude is within 200 feet of the
MDA bug
Aircraft has descended below
MDA bug
Altitude alerter notification that
the aircraft is approaching or
leaving the bugged altitude
Indicated airspeed is exceeding
Vne
11-9
Messages and Alerts
Spoken Alert (if
configured)
Message Displayed
in Message
Window
Notification
Area Alert
(severity)
None
n/a
None
n/a
None
n/a
None
n/a
None
n/a
None
n/a
“Flaps Overspeed”
“Approaching Waypoint”
“Check Gear”
“Gear Overspeed”
“Gear is Up for Water
Landing”
“Gear is Down for Runway
Landing”
Description
Indicated airspeed is exceeding
Vfe (and flaps are at least partially
deployed)
The aircraft is within 30 seconds
of an upcoming SkyView flight
plan waypoint (except the final
waypoint)
The aircraft is configured as a
Retractable gear, and the Landing
Gear is UP and the aircraft is
descending through the
configured minimum warning
speed.
The aircraft is configured as either
a retractable or amphibious gear,
the landing gear is not UP, and the
airspeed is exceeding the
configured maximum gear down
speed.
The aircraft is configured as an
amphibious gear capability of
runway landings, and the gear is
in the UP state and the airspeed is
descending through the
configured minimum warning
speed.
The aircraft is configured as an
amphibious gear capability of
runway landings, and the gear is
in the DOWN state and the
airspeed is descending through
the configured minimum warning
speed.
Table 11 - Messages, Alerts, and Audio Alert Details
STANDBY NETWORK ERROR Explained
The SkyView Network that connects your ADAHRS(s), EMS module, Autopilot servos, ARINC
module, and display are designed with fully redundant data pathways. When the STANDBY
NETWORK ERROR alert is displayed, SkyView is telling you that SkyView Network no longer has
a backup or redundant data pathway to fall back on should the primary data path fail. You
11-10
SkyView Pilot’s User Guide - Revision Q
Messages and Alerts
should treat this error similarly to the way you would treat the failure of a single ADAHRS in a
system that is equipped with two of them: There is little you can do to troubleshoot such an
issue in flight, should it occur. However, you should exercise the same precautions you would
exercise if you did not have backup flight instruments. If you are flying in IMC, especially, you
should consider making a precautionary landing as soon as possible. Since a STANDBY
NETWORK ERROR may be either a discrete single failure (breakage of a single wire) or indicative
of a more serious failure in progress (an entire wire bundle that is slowly fraying against
another object), Dynon Avionics recommends that the root cause of the failure is determined
before flying again.
The SkyView System Installation Guide has troubleshooting procedures for finding the root
cause of standby network errors.
AOA Alerts
When AOA audio alerting is enabled, it enables a progressive tone that increases in intensity as
AOA increases. It is similar in nature to a conventional reed-type aircraft stall warning sound,
although it is much more predictable in its progression. It can be set to start its progressive
tones at either the border of the yellow/green marks on the AOA bars, the middle of the
yellow, or at the yellow/red border. The tones start at the level selected and get progressively
quicker and closer together until a solid tone is played at critical AOA (in the red).
SkyView Pilot’s User Guide - Revision Q
11-11
12.Appendix A: SkyView System Specifications
SV-D700, SV-D1000 and SV-D1000T Quick Specifications
SV-D700 Mechanical
7.64” wide x 5.51” tall x 2.14” deep (194 x 140 x 55 mm)
2 lb. 6.1 oz. (1.08 kg) not including SV-HARNESS-D37
SV-D1000 Mechanical
10.32” wide x 7.06” tall x 2.14” deep (262 x 180 x 55 mm)
3 lb. 0.7 oz. (1.38 kg) not including SV-HARNESS-D37
SV-D1000T Mechanical
10.32” wide x 7.06” tall x 2.33” deep (262 x 179 x 59 mm)
3.30 lb. (1.50 kg) not including SV-HARNESS-D37
Operating Temperature
Power
Connections
-22° to 140° F (-30° to +60° C)
Voltage Input: 10 - 30 volts DC
Power:
~3.5 amps at 12 volts DC; +1.5 amps with
battery
~1.8 amps at 24 volts DC; +0.7 amps with
battery
(1) 37-pin D-sub male connector
(2) 9-pin D-sub male connector
(2) USB 2.0 A-series jacks
(1) RJ45 Ethernet jack
SV-D700 Screen
Type:
Brightness:
Size:
Resolution:
Thin film transistor, active matrix LCD
1200+ nit, light emitting diode
7.0” diagonal (178 mm) widescreen
800 x 480 color pixels
SV-D1000 Screen
Type:
Brightness:
Size:
Resolution:
Thin film transistor, active matrix LCD
1350+ nit, light emitting diode
10.2” diagonal (259 mm) widescreen
1024 x 600 color pixels
Type:
Thin film transistor, active matrix LCD,
capacitive multi-touch
1350+ nit, light emitting diode
10.2” diagonal (259 mm) widescreen
1024 x 600 color pixels
SV-D1000T Screen
Brightness:
Size:
Resolution:
SkyView Pilot’s User Guide - Revision Q
12-1
Appendix A: SkyView System Specifications
Inputs, Outputs, and
Communication Ports
(1) Primary power and ground input
(1) Backup battery (SV-BAT-320) input
(5) Serial RS-232 Ports
(Left and Right) Audio outputs
(4) Contact inputs
(3) USB Ports (2 on back, 1 on main display harness)
(2) SkyView Network Ports
SV-ADAHRS-20X Quick Specifications
Mechanical
Operating Temperature
Connections
Sensor Inputs
Other Inputs, Outputs,
and Communication
Ports
4.71” wide x 1.22” tall x 2.61” deep (120 x 31 x 67 mm)
8.2 oz. (0.23 kg)
-22° to 140° F (-30° to +60° C)
(1) 9-pin D-sub male connector
(1) 2-wire connector
(3) 1/8” NPT female threaded fittings
(1) 2-wire OAT for use with SV-OAT-340
Pitot, Angle of Attack, and Static pressure ports
(1) SkyView Network Port
SV-ADSB-470 Quick Specifications
Mechanical
Operating Temperature
Connections
ADS-B Input Capabilities
12-2
7.00” wide x 1.19” tall x 4.63” deep (118 x 30 x 11 mm)
.77lbs. (350g)
-22° to 140° F (-30° to +60° C)
(1) 9-pin D-sub female connector
(1) Antenna connector (BNC)
ADS-B traffic and weather via 978 MHz (UAT) frequencies:
US only.
SkyView Pilot’s User Guide - Revision Q
Appendix A: SkyView System Specifications
SV-XPNDR-26X Quick Specifications
Mechanical
Operating Temperature
Connections
Transponder Capabilities
1.9” high x 2.5” wide x 6.4” deep (48 x 66 x 160mm)
.77lbs. (350g)
-4° to 148° F (-20C° to +70° C)
(1) 25-pin D-sub male connector
(1) Antenna connector (TNC)
Mode S Transponder: Class 1 (SV-XPNDR-261) or Class 2
(SV-XPNDR-262); ADS-B OUT via 1090ES; TIS Traffic Input.
SV-ARINC-429 Quick Specifications
Mechanical
Operating Temperature
Connections
Other Inputs, Outputs,
and Communication
Ports
4.75” wide x 1.09” tall x 2.61” deep (120 x 27 x 67 mm)
6 oz. (0.17 kg)
-4° to 148° F (-20C° to +70° C)
(1) 25-pin D-sub female connector
(1) 9-pin D-sub male connector
(1) SkyView Network Port
(1) ARINC-429 TX
(2) ARINC-429 RX (w/ Aviation Format serial RX for data
augmentation)
SV-EMS-22X Quick Specifications
Mechanical
Operating Temperature
Connections
6.35” wide x 1.09” tall x 2.99” deep (162 x 28 x 76 mm)
9.6 oz. (0.27 kg)
-22° to 140° F (-30° to +60° C)
(1) 37-pin D-sub male connector
(1) 25-pin D-sub female connector
(1) 9-pin D-sub male connector
SkyView Pilot’s User Guide - Revision Q
12-3
Appendix A: SkyView System Specifications
Sensor Inputs
(2) Voltmeters (0 to 30 volts DC)
(11) General Purpose
(3) General Purpose Enhanced
(2) Fuel Flow
(1) Amps (differential)
(1) Manifold Pressure
(2) General Purpose Thermocouple (SV-EMS-220 only)
(Left and Right) RPM
(Left and Right) RPM
(6) CHT
(6) EGT
(1) CAN Bus for Rotax 912 iS (SV-EMS-221 only)
Other Inputs, Outputs,
and Communication
Ports
(1) +12 volt DC auxiliary sensor power output
(1) +5 volt DC auxiliary (fuse limited at 500 mA) sensor
power output
(1) SkyView Network Port
(1) External Alarm Light Output
SV-GPS-250 Quick Specifications
Mechanical
Operating Temperature
Connections
2.19” wide x 0.75” tall x 3.44” deep (56 x 19 x 88 mm)
6.7 oz. (0.19 kg)
-40° to 140° F (-40° to +60° C)
(1) Power wire
(1) Ground wire
(1) Serial TX (NMEA format; 5 Hz update rate)
(1) Serial RX
SV-BAT-320 Quick Specifications
Mechanical
Operating Temperature
Connections
12-4
3.30” wide x 2.10” tall x 3.90” deep (162 x 28 x 76 mm)
9.6 oz. (0.27 kg)
Charge:
Discharge:
32° to 113° F (0° to +45° C)
-4° to 140° F (-20° to +60° C)
(1) 3 pin power
SkyView Pilot’s User Guide - Revision Q
Appendix A: SkyView System Specifications
SkyView Display voltage above 12.25V: SkyView runs on
aircraft power; SV-BAT-320 is charged.
Charge Behavior
SkyView Display voltage above 10V, but below 12.25 V:
SkyView runs on aircraft power, but SV-BAT-320 is not
charged (standby mode).
SkyView Display voltage 10V: SkyView system runs on SVBAT-320; SV-BAT-320 discharges.
SV-COM-C25 Quick Specifications
Mechanical
SV-COM-PANEL: 3.53” (89.7mm) x 1.80” (45.7mm) x 1.27”
(32.4mm), 5.6 oz. (159 g). Available in vertical and
horizontal versions.
SV-COM-425 : 7.34” (186.6mm) x 2.38” (60.45mm) x 1.51”
(38.23mm), 12 oz. (390 g)
Operating Temperature
-22° to 140° F (-30C° to +60° C)
Connections
SV-COM-PANEL: (1) 15-pin D-sub male connector
(2) 9-pin D-sub male SkyView Network
connectors
SV-COM-425 : (1) 15-pin D-sub male connector
(1) Antenna connector (BNC)
Frequencies
118.000 to 136.975 kHz, 25 kHz Spacing
SV-AP-PANEL Quick Specifications
Mechanical
Operating Temperature
Connections
3.53” (89.7mm) x 1.80” (45.7mm) x 1.27” (32.4mm), 0.30
lb (133 g). Available in vertical and horizontal versions.
-22° to 140° F (-30C° to +60° C)
(2) 9-pin D-sub male SkyView Network connectors
(1) 15-pin D-sub male connector
SkyView Pilot’s User Guide - Revision Q
12-5
Appendix A: SkyView System Specifications
SV-KNOB-PANEL Quick Specifications
Mechanical
Operating Temperature
Connections
3.53” (89.7mm) x 1.80” (45.7mm) x 1.27” (32.4mm), 5.2
oz. (148 g). Available in vertical and horizontal versions.
-22° to 140° F (-30C° to +60° C)
(2) 9-pin D-sub male SkyView Network connectors
Autopilot Servo Quick Specifications
SV32 Mechanical
2.47” wide x 4.20“ tall x 3.98” deep (63 x 107 x 101 mm)
2 lbs (0.91 kg)
SV42 Mechanical
2.47” wide x 5.13“ tall x 3.98” deep (63 x 130 x 101 mm)
3 lbs (1.36 kg)
SV52 Mechanical
2.47” wide x 6.05“ tall x 3.98” deep (63 x 154 x 101 mm)
4 lbs (1.81 kg)
Operating Temperature
12-6
-22° to 167° F (-30° to +75° C)
Connections
(1) Power wire
(1) Ground wire
(1) SkyView Network Port (4 unterminated wires, no
connector)
(1) AP Disengage / Control Wheel Steering Button
(unterminated wire, no connector)
SV32 Torque
36 inch pounds
SV42 Torque
55 inch pounds
SV52 Torque
72 inch pounds
SkyView Pilot’s User Guide - Revision Q
13.Appendix B: License Information
GPL License Information
SkyView's operating system contains copyrighted software that is licensed under GPL and LGPL. A copy of that license is included in this document on the following page. You may obtain the complete Corresponding Source code
from us for a period of three years after our last shipment of this product, by sending a check or money order for $15 to:
Dynon Avionics
Attn: GPL Source Code Offer
19825 141st Pl NE
Woodinville, WA 98072
Please write “SkyView source code request” in the memo line of your payment.
Also see http://www.dynonavionics.com/docs/SkyView_GPL.html for more information.
This offer is valid to anyone in receipt of this information.
In accordance with the Gnu General Public License v2 (GPLv2), the source code for the operating system kernel used in SkyView panels is available under GPLv2 terms. The SkyView application itself, which runs on top of Linux, is
not subject to GPLv2 requirements and is not available in source code form.
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
Version 2, June 1991
Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.
Preamble
The licenses for most software are designed to take away your freedom to share and change it. By contrast, the GNU General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change free software--to make sure
the software is free for all its users. This General Public License applies to most of the Free Software Foundation's software and to any other program whose authors commit to using it. (Some other Free Software Foundation
software is covered by the GNU Lesser General Public License instead.) You can apply it to your programs, too.
When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not price. Our General Public Licenses are designed to make sure that you have the freedom to distribute copies of free software (and charge for this service if you
wish), that you receive source code or can get it if you want it, that you can change the software or use pieces of it in new free programs; and that you know you can do these things.
To protect your rights, we need to make restrictions that forbid anyone to deny you these rights or to ask you to surrender the rights. These restrictions translate to certain responsibilities for you if you distribute copies of the
software, or if you modify it.
For example, if you distribute copies of such a program, whether gratis or for a fee, you must give the recipients all the rights that you have. You must make sure that they, too, receive or can get the source code. And you must
show them these terms so they know their rights.
We protect your rights with two steps: (1) copyright the software, and (2) offer you this license which gives you legal permission to copy, distribute and/or modify the software.
Also, for each author's protection and ours, we want to make certain that everyone understands that there is no warranty for this free software. If the software is modified by someone else and passed on, we want its recipients
to know that what they have is not the original, so that any problems introduced by others will not reflect on the original authors' reputations.
Finally, any free program is threatened constantly by software patents. We wish to avoid the danger that redistributors of a free program will individually obtain patent licenses, in effect making the program proprietary. To
prevent this, we have made it clear that any patent must be licensed for everyone's free use or not licensed at all.
The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and modification follow.
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION
0. This License applies to any program or other work which contains a notice placed by the copyright holder saying it may be distributed under the terms of this General Public License. The "Program", below, refers to any such
program or work, and a "work based on the Program" means either the Program or any derivative work under copyright law: that is to say, a work containing the Program or a portion of it, either verbatim or with modifications
and/or translated into another language. (Hereinafter, translation is included without limitation in the term "modification".) Each licensee is addressed as "you".
Activities other than copying, distribution and modification are not covered by this License; they are outside its scope. The act of running the program is not restricted, and the output from the Program is covered only if its
contents constitute a work based on the Program (independent of having been made by running the Program). Whether that is true depends on what the Program does.
1. You may copy and distribute verbatim copies of the Program's source code as you receive it, in any medium, provided that you conspicuously and appropriately publish on each copy an appropriate copyright notice and
disclaimer of warranty; keep intact all the notices that refer to this License and to the absence of any warranty; and give any other recipients of the Program a copy of this License along with the Program.
You may charge a fee for the physical act of transferring a copy, and you may at your option offer warranty protection in exchange for a fee.
2. You may modify your copy or copies of the Program or any portion of it, thus forming a work based on the Program, and copy and distribute such modifications or work under the terms of Section 1 above, provided that you
also meet all of these conditions:
a) You must cause the modified files to carry prominent notices stating that you changed the files and the date of any change.
b) You must cause any work that you distribute or publish, that in whole or in part contains or is derived from the Program or any part thereof, to be licensed as a whole at no charge to all third parties under the terms of this
License.
c) If the modified program normally reads commands interactively when run, you must cause it, when started running for such interactive use in the most ordinary way, to print or display an announcement including an
appropriate copyright notice and a notice that there is no warranty (or else, saying that you provide a warranty) and that users may redistribute the program under these conditions, and telling the user how to view a copy of this
License. (Exception: if the Program itself is interactive but does not normally print such an announcement, your work based on the Program is not required to print an announcement.)
These requirements apply to the modified work as a whole. If identifiable sections of that work are not derived from the Program, and can be reasonably considered independent and separate works in themselves, then this
License, and its terms, do not apply to those sections when you distribute them as separate works. But when you distribute the same sections as part of a whole which is a work based on the Program, the distribution of the whole
must be on the terms of this License, whose permissions for other licensees extend to the entire whole, and thus to each and every part regardless of who wrote it.
Thus, it is not the intent of this section to claim rights or contest your rights to work written entirely by you; rather, the intent is to exercise the right to control the distribution of derivative or collective works based on the Program.
In addition, mere aggregation of another work not based on the Program with the Program (or with a work based on the Program) on a volume of a storage or distribution medium does not bring the other work under the scope of
this License.
3. You may copy and distribute the Program (or a work based on it, under Section 2) in object code or executable form under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above provided that you also do one of the following:
a) Accompany it with the complete corresponding machine-readable source code, which must be distributed under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above on a medium customarily used for software interchange; or,
b) Accompany it with a written offer, valid for at least three years, to give any third party, for a charge no more than your cost of physically performing source distribution, a complete machine-readable copy of the corresponding
source code, to be distributed under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above on a medium customarily used for software interchange; or,
c) Accompany it with the information you received as to the offer to distribute corresponding source code. (This alternative is allowed only for noncommercial distribution and only if you received the program in object code or
executable form with such an offer, in accord with Subsection b above.)
The source code for a work means the preferred form of the work for making modifications to it. For an executable work, complete source code means all the source code for all modules it contains, plus any associated interface
definition files, plus the scripts used to control compilation and installation of the executable. However, as a special exception, the source code distributed need not include anything that is normally distributed (in either source or
binary form) with the major components (compiler, kernel, and so on) of the operating system on which the executable runs, unless that component itself accompanies the executable.
If distribution of executable or object code is made by offering access to copy from a designated place, then offering equivalent access to copy the source code from the same place counts as distribution of the source code, even
though third parties are not compelled to copy the source along with the object code.
4. You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Program except as expressly provided under this License. Any attempt otherwise to copy, modify, sublicense or distribute the Program is void, and will automatically
terminate your rights under this License. However, parties who have received copies, or rights, from you under this License will not have their licenses terminated so long as such parties remain in full compliance.
5. You are not required to accept this License, since you have not signed it. However, nothing else grants you permission to modify or distribute the Program or its derivative works. These actions are prohibited by law if you do
not accept this License. Therefore, by modifying or distributing the Program (or any work based on the Program), you indicate your acceptance of this License to do so, and all its terms and conditions for copying, distributing or
modifying the Program or works based on it.
6. Each time you redistribute the Program (or any work based on the Program), the recipient automatically receives a license from the original licensor to copy, distribute or modify the Program subject to these terms and
conditions. You may not impose any further restrictions on the recipients' exercise of the rights granted herein. You are not responsible for enforcing compliance by third parties to this License.
7. If, as a consequence of a court judgment or allegation of patent infringement or for any other reason (not limited to patent issues), conditions are imposed on you (whether by court order, agreement or otherwise) that
contradict the conditions of this License, they do not excuse you from the conditions of this License. If you cannot distribute so as to satisfy simultaneously your obligations under this License and any other pertinent obligations,
then as a consequence you may not distribute the Program at all. For example, if a patent license would not permit royalty-free redistribution of the Program by all those who receive copies directly or indirectly through you, then
the only way you could satisfy both it and this License would be to refrain entirely from distribution of the Program.
If any portion of this section is held invalid or unenforceable under any particular circumstance, the balance of the section is intended to apply and the section as a whole is intended to apply in other circumstances.
SkyView Pilot’s User Guide - Revision Q
13-1
Appendix B: License Information
It is not the purpose of this section to induce you to infringe any patents or other property right claims or to contest validity of any such claims; this section has the sole purpose of protecting the integrity of the free software
distribution system, which is implemented by public license practices. Many people have made generous contributions to the wide range of software distributed through that system in reliance on consistent application of that
system; it is up to the author/donor to decide if he or she is willing to distribute software through any other system and a licensee cannot impose that choice.
This section is intended to make thoroughly clear what is believed to be a consequence of the rest of this License.
8. If the distribution and/or use of the Program is restricted in certain countries either by patents or by copyrighted interfaces, the original copyright holder who places the Program under this License may add an explicit
geographical distribution limitation excluding those countries, so that distribution is permitted only in or among countries not thus excluded. In such case, this License incorporates the limitation as if written in the body of this
License.
9. The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or new versions of the General Public License from time to time. Such new versions will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may differ in detail to address new
problems or concerns.
Each version is given a distinguishing version number. If the Program specifies a version number of this License which applies to it and "any later version", you have the option of following the terms and conditions either of that
version or of any later version published by the Free Software Foundation. If the Program does not specify a version number of this License, you may choose any version ever published by the Free Software Foundation.
10. If you wish to incorporate parts of the Program into other free programs whose distribution conditions are different, write to the author to ask for permission. For software which is copyrighted by the Free Software
Foundation, write to the Free Software Foundation; we sometimes make exceptions for this. Our decision will be guided by the two goals of preserving the free status of all derivatives of our free software and of promoting the
sharing and reuse of software generally.
NO WARRANTY
11. BECAUSE THE PROGRAM IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS NO WARRANTY FOR THE PROGRAM, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT
HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE PROGRAM "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE PROGRAM IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE PROGRAM PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY
SERVICING, REPAIR OR CORRECTION.
12. IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY MODIFY AND/OR REDISTRIBUTE THE PROGRAM AS PERMITTED ABOVE, BE
LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PROGRAM (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA OR
DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE PROGRAM TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER PROGRAMS), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED
OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS
How to Apply These Terms to Your New Programs
If you develop a new program, and you want it to be of the greatest possible use to the public, the best way to achieve this is to make it free software which everyone can redistribute and change under these terms.
To do so, attach the following notices to the program. It is safest to attach them to the start of each source file to most effectively convey the exclusion of warranty; and each file should have at least the "copyright" line and a
pointer to where the full notice is found.
<one line to give the program's name and a brief idea of what it does.>
Copyright (C) <year> <name of author>
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later
version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License
for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail.
If the program is interactive, make it output a short notice like this when it starts in an interactive mode:
Gnomovision version 69, Copyright (C) year name of author
Gnomovision comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details type `show w'.
This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it
under certain conditions; type `show c' for details.
The hypothetical commands `show w' and `show c' should show the appropriate parts of the General Public License. Of course, the commands you use may be called something other than `show w' and `show c'; they could even
be mouse-clicks or menu items--whatever suits your program.
You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or your school, if any, to sign a "copyright disclaimer" for the program, if necessary. Here is a sample; alter the names:
Yoyodyne, Inc., hereby disclaims all copyright interest in the program
`Gnomovision' (which makes passes at compilers) written by James Hacker.
_________________
FTGL License Information
Source: http://homepages.paradise.net.nz/henryj/code/
Copyright (C) 2001-3 Henry Maddocks
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to
use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND
NONINFRINGEMENT.
IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION
WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
_________________
Expat
Source: http://expat.sourceforge.net/
Full Text:
Copyright (c) 1998, 1999, 2000 Thai Open Source Software Center Ltd and Clark Cooper
Copyright (c) 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006 Expat maintainers.
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to
use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software. THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED,
INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM,
DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
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SkyView Pilot’s User Guide - Revision Q