Yamaha File Utility Specifications

SPECIAL MESSAGE SECTION
PRODUCT SAFETY MARKINGS: Yamaha electronic
products may have either labels similar to the graphics
shown below or molded/stamped facsimiles of these graphics on the enclosure. The explanation of these graphics
appears on this page. Please observe all cautions indicated
on this page and those indicated in the safety instruction section.
CAUTION
RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT OPEN
CAUTION: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK.
DO NOT REMOVE COVER (OR BACK).
NO USER-SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE.
REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL.
The exclamation point within the equilateral triangle is intended to alert the
user to the presence of important operating and maintenance (servicing) instructions in the literature accompanying the
product.
The lightning flash with arrowhead symbol, within the equilateral triangle, is
intended to alert the user to the presence
of uninsulated “dangerous voltage”
within the product’s enclosure that may
be of sufficient magnitude to constitute a
risk of electrical shock.
IMPORTANT NOTICE: All Yamaha electronic products
are tested and approved by an independent safety testing
laboratory in order that you may be sure that when it is properly installed and used in its normal and customary manner,
all foreseeable risks have been eliminated. DO NOT modify
this unit or commission others to do so unless specifically
authorized by Yamaha. Product performance and/or safety
standards may be diminished. Claims filed under the
expressed warranty may be denied if the unit is/has been
modified. Implied warranties may also be affected.
SPECIFICATIONS SUBJECT TO CHANGE: The
information contained in this manual is believed to be correct at the time of printing. However, Yamaha reserves the
right to change or modify any of the specifications without
notice or obligation to update existing units.
ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES: Yamaha strives to produce
products that are both user safe and environmentally
friendly. We sincerely believe that our products and the production methods used to produce them, meet these goals. In
keeping with both the letter and the spirit of the law, we
want you to be aware of the following:
Battery Notice: This product MAY contain a small nonrechargable battery which (if applicable) is soldered in
place. The average life span of this type of battery is approximately five years. When replacement becomes necessary,
contact a qualified service representative to perform the
replacement.
Warning: Do not attempt to recharge, disassemble, or incinerate this type of battery. Keep all batteries away from children. Dispose of used batteries promptly and as regulated by
applicable laws. Note: In some areas, the servicer is required
by law to return the defective parts. However, you do have
the option of having the servicer dispose of these parts for
you.
Disposal Notice: Should this product become damaged
beyond repair, or for some reason its useful life is considered to be at an end, please observe all local, state, and federal regulations that relate to the disposal of products that
contain lead, batteries, plastics, etc.
NOTICE: Service charges incurred due to lack of knowledge relating to how a function or effect works (when the
unit is operating as designed) are not covered by the manufacturer’s warranty, and are therefore the owners responsibility. Please study this manual carefully and consult your
dealer before requesting service.
NAME PLATE LOCATION: The graphic below indicates
the location of the name plate. The model number, serial
number, power requirements, etc., are located on this plate.
You should record the model number, serial number, and the
date of purchase in the spaces provided below and retain this
manual as a permanent record of your purchase.
ASSIGNABLE FOOT PEDAL
TO RIGHT SPEAKER
1
(SUSTAIN)
2
(DSP VARIATION)
3
MIDI A
IN
MIDI B
OUT
IN
OUT
(VOLUME)
2
TYROS Owner’s Manual
NTSC/PAL
USB
SUB
DIGITAL WORKSTATION
MODEL TYROS SER.NO.
120V 45W 60Hz
YAMAHA CORPORATION
MADE IN CHINA
Model
Serial No.
Purchase Date
92-469- ➀ (rear)
VIDEO OUT
2
LINE OUT
1
R
AUX IN / LOOP RETURN
MAIN
L/L+R
TRIM
MIN
MAX
R
L/L+R
LOOP SEND
R
L/L+R
TO SUB
WOOFER
MIC / LINE IN
INPUT
TRIM
MIN
MAX
R
L
AC INLET
TO LEFT SPEAKER
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
INFORMATION RELATING TO PERSONAL INJURY, ELECTRICAL SHOCK,
AND FIRE HAZARD POSSIBILITIES HAS BEEN INCLUDED IN THIS LIST.
WARNING- When using any electrical or electronic product,
basic precautions should always be followed. These precautions
include, but are not limited to, the following:
1.
Read all Safety Instructions, Installation Instructions, Special Message Section items, and any Assembly Instructions found
in this manual BEFORE making any connections, including connection to the main supply.
2.
Main Power Supply Verification: Yamaha products are
manufactured specifically for the supply voltage in the area where
they are to be sold. If you should move, or if any doubt exists about
the supply voltage in your area, please contact your dealer for supply voltage verification and (if applicable) instructions. The
required supply voltage is printed on the name plate. For name
plate location, please refer to the graphic found in the Special Message Section of this manual.
3.
This product may be equipped with a polarized plug (one
blade wider than the other). If you are unable to insert the plug into
the outlet, turn the plug over and try again. If the problem persists,
contact an electrician to have the obsolete outlet replaced. Do NOT
defeat the safety purpose of the plug.
4.
Some electronic products utilize external power supplies or
adapters. Do NOT connect this type of product to any power supply or adapter other than one described in the owners manual, on
the name plate, or specifically recommended by Yamaha.
5.
WARNING: Do not place this product or any other objects
on the power cord or place it in a position where anyone could
walk on, trip over, or roll anything over power or connecting cords
of any kind. The use of an extension cord is not recommended! If
you must use an extension cord, the minimum wire size for a 25’
cord (or less) is 18 AWG. NOTE: The smaller the AWG number,
the larger the current handling capacity. For longer extension
cords, consult a local electrician.
6.
Ventilation: Electronic products, unless specifically
designed for enclosed installations, should be placed in locations
that do not interfere with proper ventilation. If instructions for
enclosed installations are not provided, it must be assumed that
unobstructed ventilation is required.
7.
8.
This product was NOT designed for use in wet/damp locations and should not be used near water or exposed to rain. Examples of wet/damp locations are; near a swimming pool, spa, tub,
sink, or wet basement.
9.
This product should be used only with the components
supplied or; a cart, rack, or stand that is recommended by the manufacturer. If a cart, rack, or stand is used, please observe all safety
markings and instructions that accompany the accessory product.
10.
The power supply cord (plug) should be disconnected from
the outlet when electronic products are to be left unused for
extended periods of time. Cords should also be disconnected when
there is a high probability of lightning and/or electrical storm activity.
11.
Care should be taken that objects do not fall and liquids are
not spilled into the enclosure through any openings that may exist.
12.
Electrical/electronic products should be serviced by a qualified service person when:
a. The power supply cord has been damaged; or
b. Objects have fallen, been inserted, or liquids have been
spilled into the enclosure through openings; or
c. The product has been exposed to rain: or
d. The product dose not operate, exhibits a marked change
in performance; or
e. The product has been dropped, or the enclosure of the
product has been damaged.
13.
Do not attempt to service this product beyond that
described in the user-maintenance instructions. All other servicing
should be referred to qualified service personnel.
14.
This product, either alone or in combination with an amplifier and headphones or speaker/s, may be capable of producing
sound levels that could cause permanent hearing loss. DO NOT
operate for a long period of time at a high volume level or at a level
that is uncomfortable. If you experience any hearing loss or ringing
in the ears, you should consult an audiologist.
IMPORTANT: The louder the sound, the shorter the time period
before damage occurs.
15.
Temperature considerations: Electronic products should be
installed in locations that do not significantly contribute to their
operating temperature. Placement of this product close to heat
sources such as; radiators, heat registers and other devices that produce heat should be avoided.
Some Yamaha products may have benches and/or accessory mounting fixtures that are either supplied as a part of the product or as optional accessories. Some of these items are designed to
be dealer assembled or installed. Please make sure that benches are
stable and any optional fixtures (where applicable) are well secured
BEFORE using. Benches supplied by Yamaha are designed for
seating only. No other uses are recommended.
PLEASE KEEP THIS MANUAL
1
92-469-2
TYROS Owner’s Manual
3
PRECAUTIONS
PLEASE READ CAREFULLY BEFORE PROCEEDING
* Please keep this manual in a safe place for future reference.
WARNING
Always follow the basic precautions listed below to avoid the possibility of serious injury or even death from electrical
shock, short-circuiting, damages, fire or other hazards. These precautions include, but are not limited to, the following:
Power supply/Power cord
Water warning
• Only use the voltage specified as correct for the instrument. The required voltage
is printed on the name plate of the instrument.
• Check the electric plug periodically and remove any dirt or dust which may have
accumulated on it.
• Do not expose the instrument to rain, use it near water or in damp or wet
conditions, or place containers on it containing liquids which might spill into
any openings.
• Never insert or remove an electric plug with wet hands.
• Use only the supplied power cord/plug.
• Do not place the power cord near heat sources such as heaters or radiators, and
do not excessively bend or otherwise damage the cord, place heavy objects on
it, or place it in a position where anyone could walk on, trip over, or roll anything
over it.
Fire warning
• Do not put burning items, such as candles, on the unit.
A burning item may fall over and cause a fire.
If you notice any abnormality
Do not open
• If the power cord or plug becomes frayed or damaged, or if there is a sudden
loss of sound during use of the instrument, or if any unusual smells or smoke
should appear to be caused by it, immediately turn off the power switch,
disconnect the electric plug from the outlet, and have the instrument inspected
by qualified Yamaha service personnel.
• This instrument contains no user-serviceable parts. Do not attempt to
disassemble or modify the internal components in any way.
CAUTION
Always follow the basic precautions listed below to avoid the possibility of physical injury to you or others, or damage
to the instrument or other property. These precautions include, but are not limited to, the following:
Power supply/Power cord
Location
• When removing the electric plug from the instrument or an outlet, always hold
the plug itself and not the cord. Pulling by the cord can damage it.
• Remove the electric plug from the outlet when the instrument is not to be used
for extended periods of time, or during electrical storms.
• Do not expose the instrument to excessive dust or vibrations, or extreme cold or
heat (such as in direct sunlight, near a heater, or in a car during the day) to
prevent the possibility of panel disfiguration or damage to the internal
components.
• Do not connect the instrument to an electrical outlet using a multiple-connector.
Doing so can result in lower sound quality, or possibly cause overheating in the
outlet.
• Do not use the instrument in the vicinity of a TV, radio, stereo equipment, mobile
phone, or other electric devices. Otherwise, the instrument, TV, or radio may
generate noise.
• Do not place the instrument in an unstable position where it might accidentally
fall over.
• Before moving the instrument, remove all connected cables.
• Use only the stand specified for the instrument. When attaching the stand or
rack, use the provided screws only. Failure to do so could cause damage to the
internal components or result in the instrument falling over.
• Do not place objects in front of the instrument's air vent, since this may prevent
adequate ventilation of the internal components, and possibly result in the
instrument overheating.
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TYROS Owner’s Manual
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Connections
Saving data
• Before connecting the instrument to other electronic components, turn off the
power for all components. Before turning the power on or off for all components,
set all volume levels to minimum. Also, be sure to set the volumes of all
components at their minimum levels and gradually raise the volume controls
while playing the instrument to set the desired listening level.
Maintenance
• When cleaning the instrument, use a soft, dry cloth. Do not use paint thinners,
solvents, cleaning fluids, or chemical-impregnated wiping cloths.
Saving and backing up your data
• RAM data (see page 65) is lost when you turn off the power to the instrument.
Save the data to the User, Floppy Disk or optional Hard Disk drives. Saved data
may be lost due to malfunction or incorrect operation. Save important data to a
floppy disk or optional hard disk.
• When you change settings in a display page and then exit from that page,
System Setup data (listed in the Parameter Chart of the separate Data List
booklet) is automatically stored. However, this edited data is lost if you turn off
the power without properly exiting from the relevant display.
Handling caution
• Do not insert a finger or hand in any gaps on the instrument.
Backing up the floppy disk
• Never insert or drop paper, metallic, or other objects into the gaps on the panel
or keyboard. If this happens, turn off the power immediately and unplug the
power cord from the AC outlet. Then have the instrument inspected by qualified
Yamaha service personnel.
• To protect against data loss through media damage, we recommend that you
save your important data onto two floppy disks.
• Do not place vinyl, plastic or rubber objects on the instrument, since this might
discolor the panel or keyboard.
• Do not rest your weight on, or place heavy objects on the instrument, and do not
use excessive force on the buttons, switches or connectors.
• Do not operate the instrument for a long period of time at a high or
uncomfortable volume level, since this can cause permanent hearing loss. If you
experience any hearing loss or ringing in the ears, consult a physician.
Caution for data operations
Make sure NEVER to turn the TYROS’ power off during any kind of data operation involving the USER/FD/HD drives — such as saving, deleting, or copying/pasting —
until the operation is completely finished. (Make sure to wait until the alert message shown below disappears.) Turning the power off during the operation results in the
loss of the data being saved or pasted to the respective drive.
Keeping the power on during such operations is particularly important in regard to the USER drive. Turning off the power while performing a save/delete/paste operation
with the USER drive may result in loss of ALL data on the USER drive (upon the next power on) — and not just the data in question. In other words, if you are performing
a save/delete/paste operation on only the song data of the USER drive and you turn off the power before the operation is completed, you risk losing ALL your USER drive
data — including all voices, styles, Multi Pad banks and Registration Memory presets you’ve saved to the USER drive.
This caution also applies to creating a new folder on the USER drive or using the factory reset operation (page 159).
Yamaha cannot be held responsible for damage caused by improper use or modifications to the instrument, or data that is lost or
destroyed.
Always turn the power off when the instrument is not in use.
3
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TYROS Owner’s Manual
5
Handling the Floppy Disk Drive(FDD) and Floppy Disk
Precautions
Be sure to handle floppy disks and treat the disk drive with
care. Follow the important precautions below.
■ Compatible Disk Type
3.5" 2DD and 2HD type floppy disks can be used.
■ Inserting/Ejecting Floppy Disks
● To insert a floppy disk into the disk drive:
• Hold the disk so that the label of the disk is facing upward
and the sliding shutter is facing forward, towards the disk
slot. Carefully insert the disk into the slot, slowly pushing it
all the way in until it clicks into place and the eject button
pops out.
■ Cleaning the Disk Drive Read/Write Head
● Clean the read/write head regularly. This instrument
employs a precision magnetic read/write head which,
after an extended period of use, will pick up a layer of
magnetic particles from the disks used that will eventually cause read and write errors.
● To maintain the disk drive in optimum working order
Yamaha recommends that you use a commercially-available dry-type head cleaning disk to clean the head about
once a month. Ask your Yamaha dealer about the availability of proper head-cleaning disks.
● Never insert anything but floppy disks into the disk drive.
Other objects may cause damage to the disk drive or
floppy disks.
■ About the Floppy Disks
● To handle floppy disks with care:
• When the TYROS is turned on, the LED below the floppy disk
slot will be lit indicating that the Disk Drive is ready to use.
● To eject a floppy disk:
• Before ejecting the disk, be sure to confirm that the FDD is
stopped (check if the LED below the floppy disk slot is off).
Press the eject button slowly as far as it will go; the disk
will automatically pop out. When the disk is fully ejected,
carefully remove it by hand.
DISK IN USE
This lamp lights during disk read/
write operations, such as when a
disk has been inserted, during
recording, playback, formatting, etc.
• Do not place heavy objects on a disk or bend or apply
pressure to the disk in any way. Always keep floppy disks
in their protective cases when they are not in use.
• Do not expose the disk to direct sunlight, extremely high or
low temperatures, or excessive humidity, dust or liquids.
• Do not open the sliding shutter and touch the exposed surface of the floppy disk inside.
• Do not expose the disk to magnetic fields, such as those
produced by televisions, speakers, motors, etc., since
magnetic fields can partially or completely erase data on
the disk, rendering it unreadable.
• Never use a floppy disk with a deformed shutter or housing.
• Do not attach anything other than the provided labels to a
floppy disk. Also make sure that labels are attached in the
proper location.
● To protect your data (Write-protect Tab):
• To prevent accidental erasure of important data, slide the
disk's write-protect tab to the “protect” position (tab open).
Write protect tab ON
(locked or write protected)
Write protect tab OFF
(unlocked or write
enabled)
● Data backup
This lamp is always on when the power
is on, regardless of the disk operation.
• For maximum data security Yamaha recommends that you
keep two copies of important data on separate floppy
disks. This gives you a backup if one disk is lost or damaged. To make a backup disk use the Disk Copy function
on page157.
• Never attempt to remove the disk or turn the power off during recording, reading and playing back. Doing so can
damage the disk and possibly the disk drive.
• If the eject button is pressed too quickly, or if it is not
pressed in as far as it will go, the disk may not eject properly. The eject button may become stuck in a half-pressed
position with the disk extending from the drive slot by only
a few millimeters. If this happens, do not attempt to pull out
the partially ejected disk, since using force in this situation
can damage the disk drive mechanism or the floppy disk.
To remove a partially ejected disk, try pressing the eject
button once again, or push the disk back into the slot and
then repeat the eject procedure.
• Be sure to remove the floppy disk from the disk drive
before turning off the power. A floppy disk left in the drive
for extended periods can easily pick up dust and dirt that
can cause data read and write errors.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
4
6
Congratulations!
You are the proud owner of an extraordinary electronic keyboard.
The Yamaha TYROS combines the most advanced tone generation technology
with state-of-the-art digital electronics and features
to give you stunning sound quality with maximum musical versatility.
In order to make the most of your TYROS’ features and vast performance potential,
we urge you to read the manual thoroughly while trying out the various features described.
Keep the manual in a safe place for later reference.
Packing List
● TYROS
● AC power cord x 1
● Music rest and brackets
● CD-ROM
● Owner’s Manual (this book), Data List, Installation Guide
● USB cable
■ About the included CD-ROM
The accompanying CD-ROM features special software for use with the TYROS. Included is a Voice
Editor, which gives you comprehensive and intuitive editing tools for the TYROS, and a File Utility,
which lets you easily transfer data between the storage device connected to your TYROS and a computer. For details, see the separate Installation Guide or the online manuals included with the software.
• Do NOT attempt to play back Track 1 (which contains the software data) on an audio CD player.
Doing so may result in damage to your audio equipment and speakers, as well as your hearing.
• The photos of the harpsichord, bandoneon, hackbrett, music box, dulcimer and cimbalom, shown in the displays of
the TYROS, are courtesy of the Gakkigaku Shiryokan (Collection for Organolgy), Kunitachi College of Music.
• The following instruments, shown in the displays of the TYROS, are on display at the Hamamatsu Museum of Musical
Instruments: balafon, gender, kalimba, kanoon, santur, gamelan gong, harp, hand bell, bagpipe, banjo, carillon, mandolin, oud, pan flute, pungi, rabab. shanai, sitar, steel drum, tambra.
• This product is manufactured under license of U.S. Patents No.5231671, No.5301259, No.5428708, and No.5567901
from IVL Technologies Ltd.
• The bitmap fonts used in this instrument have been provided by and are the property of Ricoh Co., Ltd.
• Apple and Macintosh are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc.
• IBM-PC/AT is a trademark of International Business Machines Corporation.
• Windows is the registered trademark of Microsoft® Corporation.
• All other trademarks are the property of their respective holders.
The illustrations and LCD screens as shown in this owner’s manual are for instructional purposes only, and may appear
somewhat different from those on your instrument.
5
Note that all display examples shown in this manual are in English.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
7
Panel logos
GM System Level 1
“GM System Level 1” is a standard specification that defines the arrangement of voices in a tone
generator and its MIDI functionality, ensuring that data can be played back with substantially the
same sounds on any GM-compatible tone generator, regardless of its manufacturer or model. Tone
generators and song data that meet the “GM System Level 1” bear this GM logo.
GM System Level 2
“GM System Level 2” is a standard specification that enhances the original “GM System Level 1”
and improves song data compatibility. It provides for increased polyphony, greater voice selection,
expanded voice parameters, and integrated effect processing. Tone generators and song data that
meet the “GM System Level 2” specifications bear this GM2 logo.
XG
“XG” is a tone generator format that expands the voice arrangement of the “GM System Level 1”
specification to meet the ever-increasing demands of today’s computer peripheral environment,
providing richer expressive power while maintaining upward compatibility of data. “XG” greatly
expands “GM System Level 1” by defining the ways in which voices are expanded or edited and
the structure and type of effects. When commercially available song data bearing the XG logo is
played back on a tone generator which bears the XG logo, you will enjoy a full musical experience
that includes unlimited expansion voices and effect functions.
XF
The Yamaha XF format enhances the SMF (Standard MIDI File) standard with greater functionality
and open-ended expandability for the future. The TYROS is capable of displaying lyrics when an
XF file containing lyric data is played.
Vocal Harmony
Vocal Harmony employs state-of-the-art digital signal processing technology to automatically add
appropriate vocal harmony or harmonies to a lead vocal line sung by the user. Vocal Harmony can
even change the character and gender of the lead voice as well as the added voices to produce a
wide range of vocal harmony effects.
DOC
The DOC voice allocation format provides data playback compatibility with a wide range of
Yamaha instruments and MIDI devices, including the Clavinova series.
Style File Format
The Style File Format —SFF— is Yamaha’s original style file format which uses a unique conversion system to provide high-quality automatic accompaniment based on a wide range of chord
types. The TYROS uses the SFF internally, reads optional SFF style disks, and creates SFF styles
using the Style Creator function.
This product incorporates and bundles computer programs and contents in which Yamaha owns copyrights or with respect
to which it has license to use others’ copyrights. Such copyrighted materials include, without limitation, all computer software,
styles files, MIDI files, WAVE data and sound recordings. Any unauthorized use of such programs and contents outside of
personal use is not permitted under relevant laws. Any violation of copyright has legal consequences. DON’T MAKE, DISTRIBUTE OR USE ILLEGAL COPIES.
Copying of the commercially available software is strictly prohibited except for your personal use.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
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8
How to use the manual
Starting Up........................................................................................... page 20
Before going on to any other part of the manual, we strongly suggest you read this
section first. It shows you how to get started playing and using your new TYROS.
Quick Guide ..................................................................................... page 24
Unless you enjoy reading manuals, you’re probably eager to start playing your new
TYROS right now. If so, read this section.
Contents................................................................................................ page 10
Application Index ....................................................................... page 12
This special index is organized by functions and applications — not by single words
— allowing you to quickly and easily find how to perform a particular operation or
explore a topic of interest.
Panel Controls and Terminals .................................................... page 16
Use this section to find out about all of the buttons and controls of the TYROS.
Basic Operations .............................................................................. page 60
Here, we’ll show you the basic structure in handling and organizing the data of the
TYROS in files and the basic operations using the LCD display.
Function Tree ...................................................................................... page 75
This lists all functions of the TYROS according to their hierarchical structure, letting
you easily see the relationship of the various functions and quickly locate desired
information.
Reference ............................................................................................. page 78
Once you’re familiar with everything above, lightly go over this comprehensive guide
to all functions. You won’t need (or want) to read everything at once, but it is there for
you to refer to when you need information about a certain feature or function.
Troubleshooting .............................................................................. page 164
If the TYROS does not function as expected or you have some problem with the sound
or operation, refer to this section before calling your Yamaha dealer or service center.
Most common problems and their solutions are covered here in a very simple and
easy-to-understand way.
Glossary .............................................................................................. page 166
Important words and technical terms not fully explained in the manual are covered
here.
Data List (separate)
This contains various important lists such as the Direct Access Chart, Chord Fingering
Chart for Style plyback, Voice List, Style List, Effect Type List, MIDI Data Format,
MIDI Implementation Chart.
Installation Guide (separate)
7
Included with the TYROS are various software programs (on the CD-ROM) that let
you use your computer with the TYROS for recording, data storage, and more. Refer
to this guide for instructions on installing the included software.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
9
Contents
Handling the Floppy Disk Drive(FDD) and Floppy Disk.... 6
Congratulations!................................................................... 7
Packing List .......................................................................... 7
Panel logos ........................................................................... 8
How to use the manual ........................................................ 9
Contents .............................................................................. 10
Application Index................................................................ 12
Panel Controls and Terminals........................................... 16
Top Panel & Connections ............................................... 16
Rear Panel & Connections ............................................. 18
Starting Up
20
Power Supply...................................................................... 20
Optional Speaker ................................................................ 20
Music Rest .......................................................................... 21
Turning the Power On/Off.................................................. 22
Raising and Closing the Display Panel ............................ 23
Quick Guide
24
Turning the Power On and Playing the Demos .......... 24
Turning the Power On and Viewing the Main Display ... 24
Playing the Demos .................................................... 24
Playing Voices............................................................... 26
Selecting a Voice (RIGHT1) and
playing the keyboard............................................ 26
Playing Two or Three Voices Simultaneously ........... 27
Playing Different Voices with
the Left and Right Hands ..................................... 28
Adjusting the Octave Setting ..................................... 28
Organ Flutes.............................................................. 29
Collecting your favorite voices to
the User drive or floppy disk ................................ 30
Selecting and Playing a Style
— Auto Accompaniment (ACMP) .............................. 32
Playing a melody with your right hand
and playing chords with your left hand ................ 32
Pattern Variation (Sections) ...................................... 34
One Touch Setting .................................................... 36
Adjusting the Volume Balance between
the Style and the Keyboard ................................. 36
Turning Style Parts On/Off and Changing Voices ..... 37
Playing Styles from Floppy Disks .............................. 37
The Multi Pads............................................................... 38
Playing the Multi Pads............................................... 38
Using Chord Match.................................................... 38
Voice Effects ................................................................. 39
Applying Harmony to Your Right-hand Melody ......... 39
Calling Up Ideal Setups for Your Music
— Music Finder ........................................................... 40
Selecting the desired music genre from
the Record List..................................................... 40
Searching the Ideal Setups by Keyword ................... 41
Creating a Set of Favorite Records ........................... 42
TYROS Owner’s Manual
Basic Operations
— Organizing Your Data
60
Display-based Controls ..................................................... 60
Help/Display Messages .................................................. 61
Direct Access — Instant Selection of Displays ............... 62
Basic Structure of File/Folder and Memory Drives ......... 62
Folder/File Operations using the Open/Save Display ..... 66
Creating a New Folder .................................................... 67
Selecting (Opening) a Folder/File ................................... 67
Copying Folders/Files (Copy & Paste)........................... 68
Moving Folders/Files (Cut & Paste) ................................ 68
Deleting Folders/Files ..................................................... 69
Saving Files .................................................................... 69
Naming Folders/Files ...................................................... 70
Changing the Open/Save Display View .......................... 71
About the Highlight Cursor in the Display ....................... 73
About the Panel Button Colors ......................................... 73
About the Keyboard ........................................................... 74
Keyboard Sections and Their Functions ......................... 74
Synchro Start On/Off....................................................... 74
Function Tree...................................................................... 75
8
10
Song Playback...............................................................43
Playback of Song Disks.............................................43
Using Song Position Markers ....................................44
Adjusting the Volume Balance between
the Song and the Keyboard .................................45
Turning Song Parts On/Off ........................................45
Singing with a Connected Microphone.......................46
Connecting a microphone..........................................46
Singing Along with Lyrics...........................................46
Applying harmony to your voice ................................47
Keyboard and Vocal Practice using
the Guide function ......................................................48
Selecting a Guide menu ............................................48
Keyboard Practice using “Follow Lights” ...................49
Vocal Practice using “Vocal Cue Time” .....................50
Saving and Recalling Custom Panel Setups
— Registration Memory..............................................51
Saving your Panel Setups to
a Registration Memory.........................................51
Saving your Registration Memory to the User drive ..52
Recalling a Registration Memory Setup ....................53
Recording Your Performances
and Creating Songs — Song Recording...................54
Quick Recording ........................................................54
Multi Recording..........................................................56
Connecting to a Computer ...........................................58
Initial Setup................................................................58
Using the Voice Editor ...............................................59
Using the File Utility...................................................59
Contents
Reference
78
9
Voices .................................................................................. 78
Voices and Keyboard Parts ............................................ 78
Voice Types .................................................................... 79
Voice Effects................................................................... 81
Changing Pitch on the TYROS ....................................... 82
Organ Flutes (Sound Creator) ........................................... 83
Sound Creator Parameters (Organ Flutes Voices)......... 83
Voice Creating (Sound Creator) ........................................ 85
Sound Creator Parameters (Normal Voices) .................. 86
Song Playback .................................................................... 88
Displaying Music Notation .............................................. 88
Displaying Lyrics............................................................. 90
Song Position.................................................................. 91
Song Playback Related Parameters............................... 92
Song Creator (Digital Recording)...................................... 94
Record Mode Settings (Setting up for Re-recording)...... 95
Editing Data for each Channel........................................ 96
Step Recording for Chord data using the Event List....... 98
Step Recording for Notes using the Event List ............. 100
Step Recording for System Exclusive Messages
using the Event List................................................. 106
Step Recording for Lyrics using the Event List ............. 106
Style Playback (Auto Accompaniment).......................... 108
Chord Fingerings .......................................................... 108
Fade In/Out................................................................... 109
Tempo........................................................................... 109
Synchro Start and Synchro Stop .................................. 110
Programmable One Touch Setting (OTS) .................... 110
Instant Style Selection .................................................. 111
Style Playback Related Settings................................... 112
Style Creator (Digital Recording) .................................... 114
Basic Settings and Realtime Recording for
each part (channel) ................................................. 116
Step Recording for Notes using the Event List ............. 117
Assembling a Style from Existing Pattern Data ............ 118
Groove and Dynamics .................................................. 118
Editing Data for each Channel...................................... 120
Making Style File Format Settings ................................ 120
Custom Style Recording via
an External Sequence Recorder ............................. 122
The Multi Pads .................................................................. 124
Multi Pad Editing using the Open/Save display ............ 124
Multi Pad Creating/Editing (Digital Recording) ............. 124
Music Finder ..................................................................... 126
Music Finder Record Editing......................................... 126
Saving Music Finder Records as a single file ............... 126
Registration Memory........................................................ 128
Freeze........................................................................... 128
Registration Sequence ................................................. 128
Using a Microphone ......................................................... 130
Vocal Harmony Edit ...................................................... 130
Talk Setting................................................................... 132
Microphone Overall Settings......................................... 132
Mixing Console .................................................................134
Part Settings..................................................................135
Song Auto Revoice........................................................136
Effects ...........................................................................136
Equalizer (EQ)...............................................................139
Master Compressor.......................................................140
Line Out Settings...........................................................140
MIDI ....................................................................................142
MIDI System Settings....................................................146
MIDI Transmit Settings..................................................146
MIDI Receive Settings...................................................147
Setting the Chord Root for
Style Playback via MIDI receive ..............................148
Setting the Chord Type for
Style Playback via MIDI receive ..............................148
MFC10 Settings.............................................................148
Making Global and Other Important Settings
– Function ....................................................................150
Tuning ...........................................................................150
Voice Set .......................................................................151
Video Out Settings ........................................................151
Controller.......................................................................152
Harmony/Echo...............................................................154
Other Settings (Utility) ...................................................156
Appendix
160
Installing the Optional Speakers .....................................160
Installing an Optional Hard Disk......................................162
Troubleshooting................................................................164
Glossary.............................................................................166
Specifications....................................................................168
Index...................................................................................170
TYROS Owner’s Manual
11
Application Index
Starting up before turning the power on
● Setting up the music rest ..................................................................................................................................Page 21
● Connecting headphones...................................................................................................................................Page 16
● Turning the power on/off ...........................................................................................................................Pages 22, 24
Listening to the TYROS
● Playing the Demos............................................................................................................................................Page 24
● Playing songs
• Playing a Disk song......................................................................................................................................Page 43
• Turning parts (channels) of the song on/off..................................................................................................Page 45
• Adjusting the balance between the song and keyboard...............................................................................Page 45
● Playing styles
• Playing Preset styles ....................................................................................................................................Page 32
• Turning parts (channels) of the style on/off ..................................................................................................Page 37
• Adjusting the balance between the style and keyboard ...............................................................................Page 36
• Playing styles from floppy disk .....................................................................................................................Page 37
● Playing the Multi Pads ......................................................................................................................................Page 38
Playing the Keyboard
● Selecting a Voice (RIGHT1) and playing the keyboard .....................................................................................Page 26
● Playing two or three voices simultaneously ......................................................................................................Page 27
● Playing different voices with the left and right hands ........................................................................................Page 28
● Understanding the four keyboard parts (RIGHT1, 2, 3, and LEFT) ..................................................................Page 74
● Playing the drum/percussion voices .................................................................................................................Page 79
● Playing the Mega Voices...................................................................................................................................Page 80
● Understanding Initial touch and Aftertouch.............................................................................................Pages 81, 154
● Setting the touch sensitivity of the keyboard ..................................................................................................Page 154
● Turning Initial Touch on or off for each keyboard part (RIGHT1, 2, 3, LEFT)..................................................Page 154
● Turning Aftertouch on or off for each keyboard part (RIGHT1, 2, 3, LEFT) ....................................................Page 154
● Setting the Modulation wheel for each keyboard part (RIGHT 1, 2, 3, LEFT) ................................................Page 154
Practicing the keyboard performance
● Using the Metronome .....................................................................................................................................Page 156
● Displaying and playing along with the music notation of the song
during playback................................................................................................Song Score..............................Page 88
Guide ......................................... Page 49
Selecting the programs and settings of the TYROS
● Voices ...............................................................................................................................................................Page 26
● Styles ...............................................................................................................................................................Page 32
● Multi Pad banks ................................................................................................................................................Page 38
● Songs................................................................................................................................................................Page 43
● Music Finder records ........................................................................................................................................Page 40
● Registration Memory banks ..............................................................................................................................Page 53
● Registration Memory numbers..........................................................................................................................Page 53
● One Touch Setting numbers .............................................................................................................................Page 36
● Harmony/Echo types ......................................................................................................................................Page 154
● MIDI templates................................................................................................................................................Page 145
● Effect types .....................................................................................................................................................Page 138
● Vocal Harmony types........................................................................................................................................Page 47
● Master EQ types .............................................................................................................................................Page 139
● Master Compressor types ..............................................................................................................................Page 140
TYROS Owner’s Manual
10
12
Application Index
Using the LCD display
● Understanding and using the Main display .......................................................................................................Page 24
● Viewing the Song Lyrics on the LCD display ..............................................................................................Page 46, 90
● Viewing the Song Score on the LCD display ............................................................................................Pages 50, 88
● Showing the display contents on a separate TV monitor ........................................................................Pages 18, 151
Playing style playback chords with your left hand and melodies with your right
— Auto Accompaniment (ACMP) feature
● Selecting and playing a style ............................................................................................................................Page 32
● Learning how to play specific chord types .......................................................Chord Tutor ............................Page 108
● Learning how to play (indicate) chords for style playback................................Chord Fingering.....................Page 108
● Applying automatic harmony or echo to your right-hand melodies..................Harmony/Echo...............Pages 39, 154
● Automatically changing the chords of the Multi Pads
with your left-hand play ....................................................................................Chord Match ............................Page 38
Instantly selecting custom panel settings
● Calling up ideal panel setups.........................................Programmable Music Finder ...........................Pages 40, 126
● Changing setups to match the style...............................Programmable One Touch Setting (OTS) ........Pages 36, 110
● Saving and recalling custom panel setups ....................Registration Memory .......................................Pages 51, 128
Creating sounds, styles, songs, and more
● Data that can be created using the TYROS’ features ..............................................................................Pages 63 - 65
● Creating your original voices ...........................................................................Sound Creator .........................Page 85
● Creating your original Organ Flutes voices......................................................Sound Creator .........................Page 83
● Creating your original styles ............................................................................Style Creator .........................Page 114
• Assembling a custom style from existing patterns .....................................................................................Page 118
• Recording a rhythm pattern........................................................................................................................Page 116
• Memorize panel settings to the One Touch Setting contained in the style .................................................Page 110
● Creating your original songs
• Recording your keyboard performance ...............................................................................................Pages 54 - 57
• Inputting notes one by one ................................................................................................................Pages 98 - 105
• Inputting and editing lyrics..........................................................................................................................Page 106
• Entering Markers in a song ................................................................................................................Pages 44, 106
● Creating your original Multi Pads ....................................................................................................................Page 124
● Creating a Registration Memory bank .....................................................................................................Pages 52 - 53
● Creating new Music Finder records ................................................................................................................Page 126
● Creating new Vocal Harmony types ................................................................................................................Page 130
● Creating new Effect types ...............................................................................................................................Page 138
● Creating custom Master EQ settings ..............................................................................................................Page 139
● Creating custom Master Compressor settings................................................................................................Page 140
● Naming the created data ..................................................................................................................................Page 70
● Saving the created data as a file ......................................................................................................................Page 69
Understanding the organization and structure of the TYROS
11
● About the various types of data/files managed with the TYROS .............................................................Pages 63 - 65
● About files and folders ......................................................................................................................................Page 63
● About the color-coded button lamps .................................................................................................................Page 73
● About the memory structure ....................................................................................................................Pages 63 - 65
● About basic operations ............................................................................................................................Pages 60 - 74
● About the tone generator parts.......................................................................................................................Page 134
● About the effect structure................................................................................................................................Page 136
TYROS Owner’s Manual
13
Application Index
Controlling and adjusting the pitch
● Adjusting the overall pitch of the TYROS.........................................................Master Tune ...........................Page 150
● Tuning the individual notes of the keyboard.....................................................Scale Tune .............................Page 150
● Adjusting the octave of the keyboard......................................................................................................Pages 28, 135
● Transposing notes (Master Transpose, Keyboard Transpose, Song Transpose).....................................Pages 82, 135
● Setting [TRANSPOSE] button to independently control separate parts .........................................................Page 154
● Using the PITCH BEND wheel .........................................................................................................................Page 82
● Using the MODULATION wheel........................................................................................................................Page 82
Using foot pedals
● Connecting foot pedals to the TYROS ..............................................................................................................Page 18
● Assigning specific functions to each foot pedal ..............................................................................................Page 152
● Using a foot pedal to change Registration Memory numbers..........................Registration Sequence ..........Page 128
Singing with a connected microphone
● Connecting a microphone to the TYROS..........................................................................................................Page 46
● Automatically applying vocal harmonies to your voice.....................................Vocal Harmony ........................Page 47
● Applying effects to your voice .........................................................................................................................Page 130
● Singing while following along with the Lyrics on the display .............................................................................Page 46
● Singing while following along with the Lyrics on a separate TV monitor...........................................................Page 90
● Singing with the Guide functions and song playback........................................................................................Page 50
● Using the Talk Setting function........................................................................................................................Page 132
● Matching the Song Transpose setting to a comfortable singing pitch .............................................................Page 135
● Matching the Keyboard Transpose setting to a comfortable singing pitch ......................................................Page 135
Live performance tips and techniques
● Assigning specific panel operations/functions for foot control ........................................................................Page 152
● Calling up Registration Memory numbers in custom-set order........................Registration Sequence ..........Page 128
● Using a foot pedal to change Registration Memory numbers.........................................................................Page 128
● Using an optional MFC10 Foot Controller with the TYROS ............................................................................Page 148
● Using the Fade In/Out feature.........................................................................................................................Page 109
● Using Song Position Markers to jump within a song and loop sections............................................................Page 44
Group performance tips and techniques
● Independently transposing the song and keyboard pitch to match your singing range ..................................Page 135
● Tuning the overall sound of the TYROS to match other instruments ..............................................................Page 150
● Synchronizing the TYROS to other MIDI instruments.....................................................................................Page 146
Learning about MIDI
● About MIDI note events (playing the keyboard) ..............................................................................................Page 142
● About MIDI program changes (selecting voices) ............................................................................................Page 142
● About MIDI events in songs, styles, and Multi Pads .......................................................................................Page 142
TYROS Owner’s Manual
12
14
Application Index
Connecting external equipment to the TYROS
● Connecting a set of optional speakers............................................................................................................Page 160
● Connecting external audio equipment and effect units .....................................................................................Page 19
● Connecting MIDI instruments and devices .....................................................................................................Page 143
● Connecting an optional MFC10 Foot Controller .............................................................................................Page 148
● Connecting a computer via USB.......................................................................................................................Page 58
● Connecting a separate TV monitor .................................................................................................................Page 151
Computer applications
● What you can do with MIDI using a computer and the TYROS ........................................................................Page 58
● Connecting a computer to the TYROS using a USB cable ...............................................................................Page 58
● Using the Voice Editor software ........................................................................................................................Page 58
● Using the File Utility software ...........................................................................................................................Page 58
Using disks — data storage options
● Installing an optional Hard Disk unit to the TYROS ........................................................................................Page 162
● Formatting the optionally installed Hard Disk .................................................................................................Page 157
● Formatting floppy disks ...................................................................................................................................Page 157
● Backing up your floppy disk (copying from one floppy disk to another) ..........................................................Page 157
Other Tips
13
● Registering your name to the TYROS ............................................................................................................Page 158
● Importing a favorite pitcure for the Main display background .........................................................................Page 158
● Importing a favorite pitcure for the Song Lyrics background ............................................................................Page 90
● Importing custom icons for voice/style/song indications in the Open/Save display ..........................................Page 70
● Displaying the bank select and program numbers in the Voice Selection screen
(Open/Save display for voices) .......................................................................................................................Page 156
● Specifying style playback chords from an external MIDI instrument...............................................................Page 148
TYROS Owner’s Manual
15
Panel Controls and Terminals
■ Top Panel & Connections
Music Rest
The TYROS is supplied with
a music rest that can be
attached to the instrument
as shown.
Page 21
LCD CONTRAST
A
B
C
POWER
ON /
OFF
MIC
q
VOCAL
HARMONY
TALK
EFFECT
u
r
i
SONG
VH TYPE
SELECT
D
E
STYLE
MIC
SETTING
POP & ROCK
SWING & JAZZ
LATIN
WORLD
PRESET
DIRECT
ACCESS
INPUT VOLUME
SONG CONTROL
MIC / LINE IN
SP1
e
SIGNAL
MIN
REC
y
ACMP
t
SP2
SP3
SP4
LOOP
TOP
START/
STOP
REW
FF
OVER
FADE
IN / OUT
BALLAD
R&B
BALLROOM
PARTY
DANCE
COUNTRY
MOVIE & SHOW
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
USER / DISK
MAX
MASTER VOLUME
w
MIN
OTS
LINK
MAX
o
BALANCE
SYNC START
NEW SONG
INTRO
AUTO
FILL IN
METRONOME
START/
STOP
TAP TEMPO
!0
!1
TEMPO
!2
!3
RESET
MAIN VARIATION
MULTI PAD CONTROL
TRANSPOSE
!4
RESET
BREAK
ENDING/rit.
SYNC
STOP
SYNC
START
!6
STOP
START/
STOP
!5
MIXING
CONSOLE
CHANNEL
ON / OFF
PART
PART
REGIST.
BANK
FREEZE
STYLE CONTROL
PITCH BEND
!7
!8
REGISTRATIO
MODULATION
UP
MAX
DOWN
MIN
#2
#3
PHONES
Headphones
PHONES
q
w
e
r
t
y
u
i
o
The keyboard of the TYROS is equipped with a touch response feature (initial touch and after touch) that lets you dynamically and
expressively control the level of the voices with your playing
strength – just as on an acoustic instrument.
Page 81
POWER ON/OFF switch................................ Pages 22, 24
MASTER VOLUME control .................................... Page 22
INPUT VOLUME control .............................. Pages 46, 130
MIC buttons........................................................ Pages 130
SONG CONTROL buttons ..................................... Page 43
FADE IN/OUT buttons.......................................... Page 109
SONG buttons ............................................... Pages 43, 72
STYLE buttons............................................. Pages 32, 111
STYLE CONTROL buttons .................................... Page 34
TYROS Owner’s Manual
!0
!1
!2
!3
!4
!5
!6
!7
!8
METRONOME button.......................................... Page 156
TAP button ........................................................... Page 109
TEMPO button..................................................... Page 109
TRANSPOSE button ............................................. Page 82
MULTI PAD buttons ..................................... Pages 38, 124
MIXING CONSOLE button .................................. Page 134
BALANCE button........................................... Pages 36, 45
CHANNEL ON/OFF button............................ Pages 37, 45
REGISTRATION MEMORY buttons ............ Pages 51, 128
14
16
Keyboard
Panel Controls and Terminals
BACK
NEXT
F
G
H
@6
I
J
MENU
DEMO
6
7
VOICE
SOUND
CREATOR
FUNCTION
DIGITAL
RECORDING
!9 @0 @1 @2 @3
EXIT
5
HELP
8
PROGRAMMABLE
PROGRAMMABLE
MUSIC FINDER
ONE TOUCH SETTING
@4
DATA ENTRY
@5
PART SELECT
5
6
7
8
LOWER
LEFT HOLD
LEFT
RIGHT1
PIANO
STRINGS
E.PIANO
CHOIR
SAXOPHONE
ORGAN
BRASS
FLUTE /
CLARINET
RIGHT2
HARMONY/
ECHO
RIGHT3
PAD
CUSTOM
VOICE
PERC. /
DRUM KIT
SYNTH
USER
INITIAL
TOUCH
SUSTAIN
POLY/
MONO
GUIDE
PART ON/ OFF
Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) and Related
Buttons/Controls
• EXIT button
• DATA ENTRY dial
• ENTER button
Page 23, 60
ORGAN
FLUTES
BASS
UPPER OCTAVE
TION MEMORY
ACCORDION
@9
DSP
DSP
VARIATION
UPPER
ENTER
!9
@0
@1
@2
@3
@4
GUITAR
VOICE EFFECT
@7
MEMORY
• LCD contrast
• LCD (A-J) buttons
• LCD (1-8) up/down buttons
• DIRECT ACCESS button
TRUMPET
SONG
STYLE
MULTI PAD
@8
#0
RESET
Floppy Disk Drive
DISK IN USE
#1
Page 6
The TYROS also features a built-in disk drive that lets you save all your
important original data to floppy disk for future recall.
The TYROS is compatible with a wide variety of disk formats, allowing
you to playback song data on commercially available XG, GM , DOC,
and Disklavier Piano Soft disks.
DEMO button ......................................................... Page 24
HELP button .......................................................... Page 61
FUNCTION button ............................................... Page 150
SOUND CREATOR button ....................... Pages 29, 83, 85
DIGITAL RECORDING button ............. Pages 94, 116, 124
PROGRAMMABLE MUSIC FINDER
button ........................................................... Pages 40, 126
@5 PROGRAMMABLE ONE TOUCH SETTING
@6
@7
@8
@9
#0
#1
#2
#3
VOICE buttons............................................... Pages 26, 79
PART SELECT buttons.................................. Pages 26, 78
PART ON/OFF buttons .................................. Pages 26, 78
VOICE EFFECT buttons................................ Pages 39, 81
UPPER OCTAVE buttons ...................................... Page 28
GUIDE button ........................................................ Page 48
PITCH BEND wheel .............................................. Page 82
MODULATION wheel ............................................ Page 82
15
buttons ......................................................... Pages 36, 110
TYROS Owner’s Manual
17
Panel Controls and Terminals
■ Rear Panel & Connections
• Make sure that the POWER switch is in the OFF (extended)
position before making any connections. If you make connections while the POWER switch is on, you risk damaging
external equipment such as the amp or speakers.
• Since the TYROS has no built-in
speakers, you need to monitor its
sound output via external audio
equipment. Alternatively, you could
use a pair of headphones.
For installing the included
music rest.
For installing an optional
set of speakers.
ASSIGNABLE FOOT PEDAL
TO RIGHT SPEAKER
Air vent
See page 21.
See page 20.
1
(SUSTAIN)
2
3
(DSP VARIATION)
• Do not place objects on the instrument's air vent,
since this may prevent adequate ventilation of the
internal components, and possibly result in the
instrument overheating.
MIDI B
MIDI A
IN
OUT
IN
VIDEO OUT
OUT
USB
NTSC / PAL
(VOLUME)
• The TYROS’ default setting for
the external television/video
monitor signal is “PAL.” Depending on your particular locale, the
standard may be different and
the setting should be changed
accordingly. (For example, NTSC
is generally used in North America.) Check the standard used by
your television or video monitor,
and if it is not PAL, change the
setting in the VIDEO OUT display
to “NTSC” (page 151).
One or two optional Yamaha FC4 or FC5
footswitches connected to one of these
jacks can be used to control sustain and
a range of other important functions.
An optional Yamaha FC7 Foot Controller
connected to one of these jacks can be
used to control volume and a range of
other important functions.
You can connect the TYROS to a
television or video monitor to display the lyrics and chords in your
song data on a larger screen.
See page 151.
RCA pin plug VIDEO IN
MFC10
See page 152.
The sophisticated MIDI functions give
you powerful tools to expand your music
performance and creation possibilities.
See page 148.
Connecting to a
computer via USB
See page 58
TYROS Owner’s Manual
16
18
Panel Controls and Terminals
SUB
2
LINE OUT
1
R
AUX IN / LOOP RETURN
MAIN
L / L+R
TRIM
MIN
R
For installing the included
music rest.
For installing an optional
set of speakers.
See page 21.
See page 20.
LOOP SEND
L / L+R
R
MAX
L / L+R
TO SUB
WOOFER
MIC / LINE IN
INPUT
TRIM
MIN
MAX
R
L
AC INLET
TO LEFT SPEAKER
See page
140.
The TRIM control allows the
input sensitivity of the AUX
IN L/L+R and
R (LOOP
RETURN)
jacks to be
adjusted for
optimum level
matching with
the connected
equipment.
The TRIM control allows
the input sensitivity of
the MIC/LINE IN jacks
to be adjusted for optimum level matching
with the connected
equipment.
• See page 20.
The TYROS includes a microphone/line input jack
into which just about any standard microphone or
line-level source with a 1/4" phone plug can be
plugged (a dynamic microphone with an impedance
of 250 ohms is recommended). The microphone or
line input can be used with the TYROS’ vocal harmony function.
See pages 46, 130.
The LOOP SEND jacks deliver the output of the TYROS for connection to
external signal processing devices, such as distortion or filter effects. The
output from the signal processor can be returned to the AUX IN/LOOP
RETURN jacks — letting you apply the desired effect(s) to the overall sound
of the TYROS and return the processed sound back to the TYROS.
17
Stereo System
The LINE OUT jacks are used to send the TYROS output to a keyboard
amplifier, stereo sound system, mixing console, or tape recorder. If you are
connecting the TYROS to a mono sound system, use only the L/L+R jack.
When only this jack is connected (using a standard phone plug), the left and
right channels are combined and output through this jack — allowing you
have a mono mix of the TYROS’ stereo sound.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
19
Starting Up
This section contains information about setting up your TYROS and preparing to play. Be sure to read through this
section carefully before turning the power on.
Power Supply
1
2
Make sure the POWER ON/OFF switch on the TYROS is set
to OFF.
Connect the supplied power cord to the AC INLET terminal
on the instrument’s rear panel.
• Make sure your TYROS is rated for the AC
voltage supplied in the area in which it is to
be used (as listed on the rear panel). Connecting the unit to the wrong AC supply can
cause serious damage to the internal circuitry and may even pose a shock hazard!
• Use only the AC power cord supplied with
the TYROS. If the supplied cord is lost or
damaged and needs to be replaced, contact
your Yamaha dealer. The use of an inappropriate replacement can pose a fire and shock
hazard!
3
Connect the other end of the power cord to an AC outlet.
Make sure your TYROS meets the voltage requirement for
the country or region in which it is being used.
• The type of AC power cord provided with the
TYROS may be different depending on the
country in which it is purchased (a third
prong may be provided for grounding purposes).
Improper connection of the grounding conductor can create the risk of electrical shock.
Do NOT modify the plug provided with the
TYROS. If the plug will not fit the outlet, have
a proper outlet installed by a qualified electrician. Do not use a plug adapter which
defeats the grounding conductor.
Optional Speaker
Since the TYROS has no built-in speakers, you’ll need to use an external speaker system — such
as the optional TRS-MS01, which is designed specifically for the TYROS. For instructions on
installing the TRS-MS01 to the TYROS, see page 160.
Shown here is the optional L-7S
Keyboard Stand.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
18
20
Starting Up
Music Rest
Check carefully that all parts (two music rest brackets and one music rest, shown below) are included before following
the instructions below. You’ll also need a Phillips screwdriver.
Supplied with the TYROS
Music rest brackets (2)
1
Phillips screwdriver
Music rest
Remove the four screws from the rear panel of the TYROS
with a Phillips screwdriver.
ASSIGNABLE FOOT PEDAL
TO RIGHT SPEAKER
1
(SUSTAIN)
2
(DSP VARIATION)
3
MIDI A
IN
MIDI B
OUT
IN
OUT
(VOLUME)
VIDEO OUT
USB
NTSC / PAL
SUB
2
LINE OUT
1
R
AUX IN / LOOP RETURN
MAIN
L / L+R
TRIM
MIN
R
L / L+R
LOOP SEND
R
L / L+R
TO SUB
WOOFER
MIC / LINE IN
INPUT
MAX
TRIM
MIN
MAX
R
L
AC INLET
TO LEFT SPEAKER
AC INLET
TO LEFT SPEAKER
Screws for attaching the
music rest brackets
2
Using the screws you removed in step #1 above, fasten the
two music rest brackets to the rear panel of the TYROS.
ASSIGNABLE FOOT PEDAL
TO RIGHT SPEAKER
1
(SUSTAIN)
19
3
2
(DSP VARIATION)
3
(VOLUME)
MIDI A
IN
MIDI B
OUT
IN
OUT
VIDEO OUT
USB
NTSC / PAL
SUB
2
LINE OUT
1
R
AUX IN / LOOP RETURN
MAIN
L / L+R
TRIM
MIN
MAX
R
L / L+R
LOOP SEND
R
L //L+R
L+R
TO SUB
WOOFER
MIC / LINE IN
INPUT
TRIM
MIN
MAX
R
L
Attach the music rest to the brackets.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
21
Starting Up
Turning the Power On/Off
Turning the Power On
Set up the Power Supply.
Connect a set of
(optional) headphones to
the TYROS.
Install and connect the optional TRS-MS01
speaker system to the TYROS (page 160).
Then, turn on the optional TRS-MS01
speaker system.
See page 20.
Connect any external devices or auxiliary
equipment (such as a computer, MIDI
instruments, audio equipment, microphone, etc.) to the TYROS.
Make sure that the [MASTER VOLUME] and [INPUT VOLUME]
are set to “MIN” and turn the TYROS on by pressing the
[POWER ON/OFF] switch.
POWER
ON /
OFF
Turn on all connected external devices
and auxiliary equipment.
Turning the Power Off
See page 69.
If necessary, save any data you’ve created using the TYROS’ features to the User or Disk drive.
If necessary, save any data you’ve created
using the connected external devices to the
appropriate media.
Turn off all connected external devices
and auxiliary equipment.
Make sure that the [MASTER VOLUME] and [INPUT VOLUME]
are set to “MIN” and turn the TYROS off by pressing the
[POWER ON/OFF] switch.
POWER
ON /
OFF
Turn off the optional TRS-MS01
speaker system.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
20
22
Starting Up
Raising and Closing the Display Panel
The TYROS features a semi-detachable display panel that can be tilted and adjusted — with four different latch points
— to the most convenient viewing angle.
■ Raising the Display Panel ........................................................................
Unfasten the lock located at the back of the display panel. Then lift the panel and tilt it
toward you.
The panel will click as you tilt it back; these clicks are the four latched positions. Once
you’ve reached a satisfactory position, release the panel. It will gently fall back to the
nearest latched position.
■ Closing the Display Panel ........................................................................
To return the panel to its closed and locked position, gently pull it back toward you until
the position is vertical, then push it down until it locks into place.
21
Setting the LCD contrast
TYROS Owner’s Manual
23
Quick Guide
Turning the Power On and Playing the Demos
The TYROS features an
extensive variety of
Demo songs that
showcase its rich,
authentic voices and
its dynamic rhythms
and styles.
[POWER ON/OFF]
switch.
Turning the Power On and Viewing the Main Display
After setting up the instrument and making all necessary connections, turn the Power On by pressing the [POWER ON/OFF]
switch (page 22).
An Opening “splash” display appears, followed by the Main display — which is the “home base” screen, showing the basic
settings and important information for the instrument.
See below for details on each part of the Main display. Relevant page numbers for each are included.
POWER
ON /
OFF
Registration Sequence (page 128)
Split Point that separates the style
chord section and right hand sections of
the keyboard (page 32)
Octave (page 28)
Transpose (page 82)
Split Point that separates the left and
right hand sections of the keyboard
(page 28)
Song (page 43)
Current position (bar/beat) in song
playback or style playback.
RIGHT 1 voice (page 26)
RIGHT 2 voice (page 27)
Tempo of the current song or style.
RIGHT 3 voice (page 74)
Chord root/type specified in the
left hand section of the keyboard.
LEFT voice (page 28)
Style (page 32)
Registration Memory Bank (page 52)
Multi Pad Bank (page 38)
This simple mixer lets you independently adjust the levels (volume) of the
various Parts.
Playing the Demos
The Demos are more than just songs — they also provide helpful, easy-to-understand introductions to the features, functions and
operations of the TYROS. In a way, the Demos are an interactive “mini-manual” complete with sound demonstrations and text
explaining how to use the instrument and showing what it can do for you.
The TYROS can display text in any one of several languages. Text is used for the Demos (below), Help (page 61), and the Display
Messages (page 62). Before playing the Demo, select the desired language by following the instructions below.
HELP display
MENU
DEMO
HELP
FUNCTION
SOUND
CREATOR
DIGITAL
RECORDING
SONG
STYLE
MULTI PAD
1
TYROS Owner’s Manual
3
4
5
6
7
8
22
24
2
Quick Guide
Turning the Power On and Playing the Demos
To call up the Demo display and start the Demo songs, press the [DEMO] button. To stop the Demo songs and
return to the Main display, press the [EXIT] button. You may need to press the [EXIT] button several times
depending on the display.
MENU
DEMO
HELP
FUNCTION
SOUND
CREATOR
DIGITAL
RECORDING
SONG
STYLE
MULTI PAD
Press the [DEMO] button to start repeated playback of the
Demo’s “Overview” menu displays. To select specific Demo
topics from these displays, follow the instructions below.
1
Press any of the
LCD buttons to
call up the display
of the corresponding function.
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Even if you do not press any of
these buttons, the demo song plays
back repeatedly, calling up the various displays in sequence.
A
F
B
G
C
H
D
I
E
J
Select the desired numbered word or topic in
the display by pressing
the corresponding LCD
button.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Press any of the
LCD buttons to
call up the display
of the corresponding function.
8
BACK
NEXT
23
Depending on the particular
display, you may need to use
the [BACK]/[NEXT] buttons
to call up other topics and
menus.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
25
Quick Guide
Playing Voices
Reference on page 78
The TYROS has a huge selection of
various musical instrument voices
which you can play. Try out the different voices on your own — checking
the voice name printed above each
VOICE button on the panel, or referring to the voice list in the separate
Data List booklet.
Selecting a Voice (RIGHT1) and playing the keyboard
1
Turn the RIGHT1 part on by pressing the [PART ON/OFF] button.
PART SELECT
LOWER
LEFT HOLD
LEFT
RIGHT1
RIGHT2
RIGHT3
UPPER
PART ON/ OFF
2
Press one of the [VOICE] buttons to call up the Voice selection display.
BACK
NEXT
VOICE
PIANO
E.PIANO
STRINGS
If necessary, use
the [BACK]/
[NEXT] buttons to
call up the PRESET page.
CHOIR
• The voice selection display shown
here is called the “Open/Save”
display for the voice. The Open/
Save display actually has two different display modes: 1) a direct
selection display (shown at left),
and 2) a numeric input display
that lets you select the voice by
inputting the voice number (file
number in the folder). For details,
see page 71.
In this example, Galaxy
EP is selected — one of
the E.PIANO category
voices.
3
Select a Voice.
A
• The voice selected here is called
voice RIGHT 1.
See page 74 for more information
on voice RIGHT1.
B
C
D
For this example,
JazzChorus is
selected.
4
Play the selected voice.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
24
26
E
Quick Guide
Playing Voices
Playing Two or Three Voices Simultaneously
1
Turn the RIGHT2 part on by pressing the [PART ON/OFF] button.
• The voice selected here is called
voice RIGHT 2.
See page 74 for more information
on voice RIGHT2.
PART SELECT
LOWER
LEFT HOLD
LEFT
RIGHT1
RIGHT2
RIGHT3
UPPER
PART ON/ OFF
2
Press one of the [VOICE] buttons to call up the Voice selection display.
Do this in the same way as you did in step #2 on page 26. In this step, press the [PAD]
button.
3
Select a Voice.
Do this in the same way as you did in step #3 on page 26. In this step, select Insomnia.
4
Play the selected voices.
The voice selected for RIGHT1 (page 26) and the voice selected here are sounded
simultaneously in a layer.
Voice RIGHT 3 can be set in the same way described above, by using the [RIGHT3]
button instead.
Try out some of these other voices...
Category
Voice Name
Comment
Piano
Live! GrandPiano
Stereo-sampled grand piano, with realistic sound over entire keyboard range.
Cool! Galaxy EP
Rich and dynamic DX-type Electric Piano.
Cool! E.Piano
Four different samples with varying dynamics, for realistic and expressive timbre changes.
Cool! JazzOrgan
Organ sample with authentic chorus vibrato.
Rotor Organ
Organ sample with realistic rotary speaker.
Musette
Realistic, French type accordion.
Sweet! Harmonica
Exceptionally natural harmonica sound with natural vibrato.
Live! SteelGuitar
Stereo-sampled steel guitar, velocity switching according to dynamics and playing style.
Cool! JazzGuitar
Dynamic, fingered jazz guitar.
Lead Guitar
Soulful guitar sound with natural distortion.
Live! Strings
Rich, stereo-sampled strings orchestra.
Live! Allegro
Rich, stereo-sampled strings orchestra with fast attack.
Sweet! Violin
Excellent solo violin with natural vibrato.
Sweet! Trump
Expressive trumpet with natural vibrato.
Sweet! MutedTrump
Jazzy muted trumpet with natural vibrato.
Live! HyperBrass
Stereo-sampled powerful brass section.
Live! FrenchHorns
Stereo-sampled authentic orchestral French horn ensemble.
Sweet! AltoSax
Smooth alto sax with natural vibrato.
Sweet! SopranoSax
Soprano sax with natural vibrato. Very expressive. Play long notes.
Sweet! Oboe
Realistic oboe with natural vibrato.
Sweet! Flute
Flute with natural vibrato. Very expressive. Play strongly to get realistic overblown sample.
Sweet! PanFlute
Authentic pan flute with natural vibrato.
Live! Gospel
Stereo choir with individual, smooth vibrato.
DreamHeaven
Beautiful synth pad.
Matrix
Expressive synth lead. Play long notes.
Drums StandardKit
Stereo sampled drums with velocity switching of up to four layers. Also check out Live! Funk Kit.
Drums BrushKit
Stereo sampled drums played by brush. Check out toms and cymbals.
Live! SFX CubanKit/
Live! SFX PopLatinKit
Stereo sampled percussion with various playing styles.
E.Piano
Organ
Accordion
Guitar
Strings
Trumpet
Brass
Saxophone
Flute/Clarinet
Choir
Synthesizer
25
Percussion
TYROS Owner’s Manual
27
Quick Guide
Playing Voices
Playing Different Voices with the Left and Right Hands
1
Turn the LEFT part on by pressing the appropriate [PART ON/OFF]
button.
PART SELECT
LOWER
LEFT HOLD
LEFT
RIGHT1
RIGHT2
RIGHT3
UPPER
PART ON/ OFF
2
Press one of the [VOICE] buttons to call up the Voice selection display.
Do this in the same way as you did in step #2 on page 26. In this step, press the [BASS]
button.
3
Select a Voice.
Do this in the same way as you did in step #3 on page 26. In this step, select FingerBass.
4
Play the selected voices.
The notes you play with your left hand sound one voice, while the notes you play with
your right sound a different voice (or voices).
• The point on the keyboard that
separates voice LEFT and voice
RIGHT1 - 3 is called the “split
point.”
Refer to page 112 for instructions
on setting the split point.
Split Point
Voice LEFT
(LOWER)
Voice RIGHT1, 2, 3
(UPPER)
Voices RIGHT 1 - 3 are meant to be played with the right hand. Voice LEFT is played
with the left hand.
Adjusting the Octave Setting
The [UPPER OCTAVE] button allows the RIGHT1, RIGHT2, and RIGHT3 parts to be simultaneously transposed up or down by one octave.
• Press the [+] and [-] buttons simultaneously to instantly reset the
octave value to 0.
UPPER OCTAVE
RESET
TYROS Owner’s Manual
26
28
Quick Guide
Playing Voices
Organ Flutes
The TYROS uses advanced digital modeling technology to recreate the legendary sound of vintage organs. Just as on a traditional organ, you can create your own sound by increasing and
decreasing the levels of the flute footages.
1
Press the [ORGAN FLUTES] button to call up the Organ Flutes
voice selection display.
VOICE
PIANO
STRINGS
E.PIANO
CHOIR
TRUMPET
GUITAR
SAXOPHONE
ORGAN
FLUTES
ACCORDION
BASS
CUSTOM
VOICE
PAD
2
Select the desired Organ voice and play the keyboard.
3
Press the [SOUND CREATOR] button to call up the display for
adjusting various parameters of the Organ Flutes voice. Use the
LCD [1] - [8] buttons to adjust the footage settings.
BACK
Use these to select
the desired page of
parameters.
MENU
FUNCTION
NEXT
SOUND
CREATOR
If you wish to store the
settings here, make sure
to save the settings as a
User Voice before selecting another voice or turning the power off.
Use LCD [D] button to
adjust the 16' or 5 1/3'
footage. You can select
the desired footage
(16' or 5 1/3') with the
[E] LCD button.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
The footage settings determine the basic sound of the
organ flutes.
The term “footage” is a reference to the sound generation
of traditional pipe organs, in which the sound is produced
by pipes of different lengths (in feet).
27
4
Try out some of the other Organ Flutes voices.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
29
Quick Guide
Playing Voices
Collecting your favorite voices to the User drive or floppy disk
The TYROS has a huge amount of high-quality voices, covering an exceptionally broad range of
instrument sounds — making it perfect for virtually every musical application. However, the
sheer number of voices may seem overwhelming at first. That’s why we’ve decided to show you
this somewhat advanced technique for gathering together the voices you like to use the most, and
putting them in one easy-to-use location.
To start with, you should know a little about the Memory Drives and the Open/Save display
(explained briefly below). Should you want to know more, details are given on page 63. For the
moment, though, keep in mind that the User drive and Floppy Disk drive are memory locations
that you can use to store and recall your important data.
● Memory Drive Types
PRESET drive
Internal memory drive to which the preprogrammed voices are installed
as preset voices.
USER drive
Internal memory that allows both reading and writing of data.
FD drive
For transferring data to and from floppy disk, with the TYROS’ floppy
disk drive.
• In addition to the three memory
drive types described here, you
can also use an optional hard disk
drive (HD) — provided one is
installed to the TYROS.
● Open/Save display ........... From this type of display you can select (open) various files — such
as voices, (pages 26 - 29), styles (page 32), songs (page 43), and Registration Memory banks (page 52) — as well as save the various files
to the User drive or Disk drive.
1
Press the [USER] button to call up the Voice selection (Open/Save)
display for the User drive.
In this case, any keyboard part (RIGHT 1 - 3) can be selected.
SYNTH
2
USER
From this display (path), make a new folder to which your favorite
voices are to be saved.
Press the [NEW] LCD button
(lower [7] button).
1
2
3
4
5
6
Press the [OK] LCD button (upper
[8] button).
7
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
The new folder is created.
8
You can name the new folder from the popup window that appears at the bottom of
the LCD display.
For details about naming, see page 70).
TYROS Owner’s Manual
28
30
Quick Guide
Playing Voices
3
Copy your favorite voices from the Preset drive to the User drive.
In this case, any keyboard part (RIGHT 1 - 3) can be selected.
VOICE
PIANO
STRINGS
E.PIANO
CHOIR
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Press the [COPY]
LCD button (lower
[3] button).
BACK
NEXT
Press the [NEXT]
button.
Select the voice(s) to be copied.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Press the [OK]
LCD button (lower
[7] button).
Select the folder created in step #2.
4
The Voice located in the PRESET
drive is copied to the USER drive.
Repeat step #3 as often as necessary until all your favorite voices
are contained in this display.
29
Also try copying preset voice(s) to floppy disk in the same way as explained here.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
31
Quick Guide
Selecting and Playing a Style — Auto Accompaniment (ACMP)
Reference on page 108
The auto accompaniment (style playback) feature puts a full
backing band at your fingertips. To use it, all you have to do
is play the chords with your left hand as you perform and
the selected accompaniment style matching your music
will automatically play along, instantly following the chords
you play. With the auto accompaniment (style playback)
function, even a solo performer can enjoy playing with the
backing of an entire band or orchestra.
The TYROS features a variety of accompaniment styles
(rhythm patterns) in a variety of different musical genres.
Try out the different styles on your own — checking the
style name printed above each STYLE button on the panel,
or referring to the style list in the separate Data List booklet.
Playing a melody with your right hand and playing chords with your left hand
1
Press one of the [STYLE] buttons to call up the Style selection
display.
STYLE
POP & ROCK
SWING & JAZZ
BALLAD
R&B
LATIN
WORLD
BALLROOM
PARTY
PRESET
• The style selection display shown
here is called the “Open/Save”
display for the style. The Open/
Save display actually has two different display modes: 1) a direct
selection display (shown at left),
and 2) a numeric input display that
lets you select the style by inputting the style number (file number
in the folder). For details, see
page 71.
For this example, BALLROOM
PARTY is selected.
2
Select a Style.
F
G
H
I
J
For this example,
Swingfox is selected.
3
Turn Auto Accompaniment on.
Press the [ACMP] so that its indicator lights. The specified left-hand section of the
keyboard becomes the Chord section, and chords played in this section are automatically detected and used as a basis for fully automatic accompaniment with the selected
style.
Press the [ACMP] button again to turn Auto Accompaniment off.
Split Point ... The default setting is F#2/G2.
ACMP
OTS
LINK
• ACMP is an abbreviation for
ACCOMPANIMENT.
• For details about the Split Point,
see pages 74 and 112.
AUTO
FILL IN
Chord section
4
Turn Sync Start on.
Press the [SYNC START] button to enable synchronized start (standby). (The indicator
lights.) Press the [SYNC START] button again to turn Sync Start off.
SYNC
STOP
TYROS Owner’s Manual
START /
STOP
30
32
SYNC
START
• The [START/STOP] button flashes
in sync with the current tempo
(page 109) while Sync Start is on.
Quick Guide
Selecting and Playing a Style — Auto Accompaniment (ACMP)
5
As soon as you play a chord with your left hand, the selected style
starts.
For this example, play a C major chord (as shown below).
Split Point
• The [START/STOP] button flashes
in sync with the beat. The red
color flashes at the first beat and
the green color flashes at the
other beats.
Chord section
6
Try playing other chords with your left hand and
play a melody with your right hand.
For information on how to enter chords, see page 108 and the Chord Fingering Chart
listed in the separate Data List booklet.
The chord root/type specified with your left hand will be shown at the center of the Main
display.
7
Press the [START/STOP] button to stop style playback.
SYNC
STOP
SYNC
START
START /
STOP
Chord
section
Try out some of the other styles...
Category
Style Name
Comment
Live8Beat
A modern ‘live’ sound field featuring the great new Mega-guitars — if you want to sound like a real
band, check this out!
Unplugged 1
A popular recent trend has been to unplug the instruments and play them acoustically. Listen to
how accurately this sound is recreated — but don’t unplug your TYROS!
PowerBallad
6-8SlowRock1
EasyBallad
A fantastic ‘CD quality’ sound field — listen to the amazing realism of the new strings in intro II.
Ibiza2002
BigBandFast1
Using new drum, bass and synth voices, this vibe is fresh from the sun-drenched island.
Dixieland1
Close your eyes and listen to this traditional Dixieland style and you could almost be in New Orleans, the birthplace of Jazz. Try main D for the full Dixie band.
JazzFunk
A genre born in the late seventies, this style delivers all the typical jazzy rhythms and funky beats
you would expect. Check out the new Mega-clean guitar with the brass and sax sections, it’s hard
to believe you are hearing a keyboard!
Country
ModCntryBld1
Complete with the high-quality well-produced sound of modern country music, this style demonstrates yet another soundfield possible from the powerful TYROS tone generator.
Latin
BrazilianSamba
Super-realistic percussion samples bring this Latin American style to life. Check out the rhythmical
variations between Main A - D.
BallroomParty
PubPiano
Now you don’t even have to leave the comfort of your own living room to enjoy a good old fashioned sing-along!
Movie&Show
MovieSwing
Everyone loves the movies and the soundtrack plays a major part in setting the mood. Intro III
features the mix of strings and french horns so typical of filmscores.
Flamenco
A fiery Spanish dance. Listen to the fantastic new Mega-guitar — you may find it hard to believe
you’re listening to a keyboard!
IrishDance
This authentic Celtic masterpiece comes complete with the complex and exciting rhythms associated with traditional Irish music.
Pop&Rock
Ballad
Dance
Swing&Jazz
R&B
World
No one can resist the 50’s — the music transcends the generations. Try intro III and reminisce!
Laid back and smooth, this style can be used for many of your favourite ballads. Intro III showcases the powerful new French Horn sound.
Sparkling new sounds are used to revive the Golden Age of the big band. Swing along with this
style and enjoy complete control over an entire big band.
■ Stop Accompaniment function
31
When auto accompaniment is turned on and Syncro Start is off, you can play chords in the left-hand
(accompaniment) section of the keyboard with the style stopped, and still hear the accompaniment
chord. In this condition — called “Stop Accompaniment” — any valid chord fingerings (page 108) are
recognized and the chord root/type are shown in the LCD. Since the TYROS properly recognizes the
chord, you can also use the Chord Match function (page 38) with the Multi Pads or the Harmony effect
(page 39) without having to play back a style.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
33
Quick Guide
Selecting and Playing a Style — Auto Accompaniment (ACMP)
Pattern Variation (Sections)
The TYROS features a wide variety of style “sections” that allow you to vary the arrangement of
the accompaniment to match the song you are playing. They are: Intro, Main, Fill-in, Break and
Ending. By switching among them as you play, you can easily produce the dynamic elements of
a professional-sounding arrangement in your performance.
INTRO
MAIN VARIATION
BREAK
ENDING / rit.
• Depending the selected style, not
all sections may have data. The
lamp of the section button that
contains data lights in green, and
the lamp of the section button that
contains no data does not light
(page 73).
● INTRO.......................This is used for the beginning of the song. When the intro finishes playing, style playback shifts to the main section. The length of the intro (in measures) differs depending
on the selected style. The TYROS also features three different intros.
● MAIN.........................This is used for playing the main part of the song. It plays a rhythm pattern of several
measures, and repeats indefinitely until another section’s button is pressed. There
are 4 variations on the basic pattern, A - D and the style playback sound changes
harmonically based on the chords you play with your left hand.
● FILL IN......................The fill-in sections let you add dynamic variations and breaks in the rhythm of the
accompaniment, to make your performance sound even more professional. Turn the
[AUTO FILL IN] button on, simply press one of the MAIN (A, B, C, D) buttons as you
play, and the selected fill-in section plays automatically (AUTO FILL), spicing up the
auto accompaniment. When the fill-in is finished, it leads smoothly into the selected
main section (A, B, C, D). There are four variations for the fill-in sections, each specially programmed to match the selected main section. Even when [AUTO FILL] is
turned off, pressing the same button of the currently playing section automatically
plays a fill-in before returning to the same main section.
● BREAK .....................This lets you add dynamic breaks in the rhythm of the accompaniment, to make your
performance sound even more professional.
● ENDING ....................This is used for the ending of the song. When the ending is finished, the style playback stops automatically. The length of the ending (in measures) differs depending
on the selected style. The TYROS features three different endings.
1-4
Select the desired style using the steps described on page 32.
ACMP
5
Turn [AUTO FILL IN] on.
6
Press any of the [INTRO] buttons.
7
As soon as you play a chord with your left hand, the Intro of the
selected style starts.
OTS
LINK
AUTO
FILL IN
INTRO
For this example, play a C major chord (as shown below).
Split Point
When the playback of the intro is
finished, it automatically leads
into the main section.
Chord section
8
Press any of the accompaniment section buttons
as desired. (See the Accompaniment Structure Diagram
on the next page.)
MAIN VARIATION
BREAK
After the corresponding Fill-in is played back, it automatically leads to the main
section.
9
Press any of the [ENDING] buttons.
ENDING / rit.
This switches to the ending section. When the ending is finished, style playback
automatically stops.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
32
34
Quick Guide
Selecting and Playing a Style — Auto Accompaniment (ACMP)
■ Accompaniment Structure Diagram
INTRO
INTRO
MAIN variation
BREAK
If AUTO FILL IN is set to on, a Fill-in
will automatically play back between
sections when any of the [MAIN] buttons are pressed. Even when [AUTO
FILL] is turned off, pressing the same
button of the currently playing section
automatically plays a fill-in before
returning to the same main section.
• The section button lamps are conveniently color-coded as to their particular operation, as described below.
● Off
The section contains no data and
cannot be played.
● Green
The section contains data and can
be played.
BREAK
BREAK
● Red
During style playback, this indicates the section that is currently
playing. When style playback is
stopped, this indicates the section
that is set to play.
● Red (flashing)
This indicates the section that will
be played next, following the one
whose button is lit up in red (not
flashing).
BREAK
Press the one of the [ENDING]
buttons.
ENDING
ENDING /rit.
You can have the ending gradually slow down
(ritardando) by pressing the same [ENDING]
button again while the ending is playing back.
• The indicator of the destination section (MAIN A/B/C/D) will flash while the corresponding fill-in is playing. During this time you can change
the destination section by pressing the appropriate MAIN [A], [B], [C] or [D] button.
• An Intro does not necessarily have to be at the beginning! If you want, you can play an Intro section in the middle of your performance by simply pressing the [INTRO] button at the desired point.
• Watch your timing with the Break sections. If you press a [BREAK] button too close to the end of the measure (i.e., after the final eighth note),
the Break section starts playing from the next measure. This also applies to the Auto Fill-in.
• If you want to come back into the style right away after an Ending, simply press the [INTRO] button while the Ending section is playing.
• If you press one of the [MAIN] button while the ending is playing, a fill-in will immediately start playing (when the [AUTO FILL IN] is turned on),
continuing with the main section.
• If you press the [SYNC START] button while a style is playing, style playback will stop and Syncro Start will be set to on.
• You can begin style playback by using an ending instead of an intro section.
■ Other Convenient Controls
● Fade in/out...............The [FADE IN/OUT] button can be used to produce smooth fade-ins and
fade-outs when starting and stopping the accompaniment. This also applies
FADE
IN / OUT
to song playback.
page 109
● Tap ...........................The auto accompaniment can be started at any tempo you desire by “tapping”
out the tempo with the [TAP TEMPO] button.
page 109
TAP TEMPO
33
● Syncro Stop.............When the Synchro Stop function is engaged, accompaniment playback will
stop completely when all keys in the auto-accompaniment section of the keySYNC
STOP
board are released. Accompaniment playback will start again as soon as a
chord or note is played.
page 110
TYROS Owner’s Manual
35
Quick Guide
Selecting and Playing a Style — Auto Accompaniment (ACMP)
[ONE TOUCH SETTING]
button
[BALANCE] button
One Touch Setting
One Touch Setting is a powerful and convenient feature that automatically calls up the most appropriate panel
settings (voice number, etc.) for the currently selected style, with the touch of a single button.
1
2
Select a style.
PROGRAMMABLE
ONE TOUCH SETTING
Press one of the [ONE TOUCH SETTING] buttons.
Auto Accompaniment and Sync Start will automatically be turned on.
In addition, various panel settings (such as voices, effects, etc.) that match the selected
style can be instantly recalled with just a single button press.
3
As soon as you play a chord with your left hand, the style starts.
Split Point
Chord section
4
5
PROGRAMMABLE
Try out other One Touch Setting setups.
ONE TOUCH SETTING
Stop style playback by pressing the STYLE [START/STOP] button
or any of the [ENDING] buttons.
You can also create your own One Touch Setting setups. For details, refer to page 110.
Adjusting the Volume Balance between the Style and the Keyboard
Press the [BALANCE] button so that the mixer window (pop-up) appears at the bottom of the LCD display.
You can adjust the volume balance between style playback and your right-hand keyboard performance by using LCD
buttons [2], [5], [6], [7], and [8].
BALANCE
MIXING
CONSOLE
CHANNEL
ON / OFF
PART
PART
Determines the volume of
song playback (page 43)
Determines the volume of
style playback
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Determines the volume
of the keyboard part
(page 74)
Determines the volume of the microphone sound (page 46)
Determines the volume of Multi Pad playback (page 38)
TYROS Owner’s Manual
34
36
Quick Guide
Selecting and Playing a Style — Auto Accompaniment (ACMP)
Turning Style Parts On/Off and Changing Voices
Press the [CHANNEL ON/OFF] button so that the pop-up window appears at the bottom of the LCD display.
You can turn each part (channel) on or off by using the lower LCD [1] - [8] buttons during style playback.
Pressing any of the upper LCD [1] - [8] button calls up the voice selection display which lets you select and
change the voice of the corresponding part (channel). Try replacing the default voice with different voices of
your own selection.
EXIT
BALANCE
MIXING
CONSOLE
CHANNEL
ON / OFF
PART
PART
Pressing the [CHANNEL
ON/OFF] button repeatedly switches among the
style parts (channels)
and song channels.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Press the corresponding LCD button.
From this display, you can change the voice
used by the style. Select the desired voice in
the same way as described on page 26.
Playing Styles from Floppy Disks
The TYROS can play back style files contained on the floppy disk.
Because the TYROS is compatible with the Style File format, the TYROS can directly play back style files
contained on commercially available floppy disks bearing the Style File logo (page 8). The TYROS can also
play back the disk style files created via various Yamaha keyboards such as the CVP-209/207/205/203/201,
PSR-2000/1000, PSR-8000, PSR-9000, and 9000Pro.
1
Insert the floppy disk that contains the style file(s) into the floppy
disk drive.
2
Press any of the STYLE buttons, then press the [NEXT] button to
select the FD drive and display the files contained on the floppy
disk.
3
Select and play the desired style (page 32).
■ Tip — Convenient way to select styles
STYLE
POP & ROCK
SWING & JAZZ
LATIN
WORLD
PRESET
BALLAD
R&B
BALLROOM
PARTY
DANCE
COUNTRY
MOVIE & SHOW
USER / DISK
• It may be necessary to wait for a
while in step #3 until the TYROS
can start the style, since it takes
some time to read the style data
from the floppy disk.
The explanations on page 32 apply when this button is turned on. When the [PRESET] button is on
(and [USER] is off), press any of the named STYLE
buttons to call up the preset style files for the corresponding category.
Page 111
When the [USER] button is on (and [PRESET] is
off), press any of the named STYLE buttons to call
up the root directory of the User drive.
Note: The root directory is the default setting. If
you have installed an optional hard disk drive to
the TYROS, you can assign each STYLE button
to call up any specified folder on the drive.
35
Page 111
TYROS Owner’s Manual
37
Quick Guide
The Multi Pads
Reference on page 124
The Multi Pads can be
used to play a number of
short pre-recorded
rhythmic and melodic
sequences that can be
used to add impact and
variety to your keyboard
performances.
BANK 01
MULTI PAD
Playing the Multi Pads
1
Select a Multi Pad Bank.
Press the LCD [E] button to call up the Multi Pad Bank selection (Open/Save) display
and select the desired Bank.
2
A
A
F
B
B
G
C
C
H
D
D
I
E
E
J
Press any of the Multi Pads.
MULTI PAD CONTROL
STOP
• Simply tap any of the Multi Pads at
any time to play back the corresponding phrase at the currently
set tempo.
The corresponding phrase (in this case, for
Pad 1) starts playing back in its entirety as
soon as the pad is pressed. To stop it, press
and release the [STOP] button.
• You can even play two, three, or
four Multi Pads at the same time.
● About the color of the Multi Pads
• Pressing the pad during its playback will stop playing and begin
playing from the top again.
• Green: Indicates that the corresponding pad contains data (phrase).
• Red: Indicates that the corresponding pad is playing back.
● Multi Pad data
There are two types of Multi Pad data. Some types will play back once and stop when
they reach to the end.
Others will play back repeatedly until you press the [STOP] button.
● Stopping playback of the Multi Pads
• To stop all pads, press and release the [STOP] button.
• To stop specific pads, simultaneously hold down the [STOP] button and press the
pad or pads you wish to stop.
Using Chord Match
Many of the Multi Pad phrases are melodic or chordal and you can have these phrases automatically change chords as you do
with your left hand. While a style is playing back and [ACMP] is on, simply play a chord with your left hand and press any of
the Multi Pads — Chord Match changes the pitch to match the chords you play. You can also use this with the style stopped (with
the Stop Accompaniment function; page 33). Keep in mind that some Multi Pads are not affected by Chord Match.
MULTI PAD CONTROL
STOP
Chord section
In this example, the phrase for Pad 2 will be transposed into F major before playing back.
Try out other various chord types while playing the Multi Pads.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
36
38
Quick Guide
Voice Effects
Reference on pages 81, 154
The TYROS features a sophisticated multi-processor effect system which can add extraordinary depth
and expression to your sound. This effect system
can be turned on or off by using the following buttons.
VOICE EFFECT
HARMONY/
ECHO
INITIAL
TOUCH
SUSTAIN
POLY/
MONO
DSP
DSP
VARIATION
These three effect systems are applied
to the currently selected keyboard part
(RIGHT1, 2, 3, or LEFT).
● HARMONY/ECHO ....... See below.
● INITIAL TOUCH .......... This button turns the touch response of the keyboard on or off. When OFF, the same volume is produced no
matter how strongly or softly you play the keyboard.
● SUSTAIN ..................... When this feature is ON, all notes played on the keyboard with the UPPER part (RIGHT1, 2, 3) have a longer
sustain.
● POLY/MONO............... This determines whether the Part’s Voice is played monophonically (only one note at a time) or polyphonically.
● DSP ............................. This button turns effects on or off independently for the RIGHT 1, RIGHT 2 , RIGHT 3 and LEFT parts.
● DSP VARIATION......... This button can be used to switch between variations of the DSP effect. For example, this lets you change the
rotating speed (slow/fast) of the rotary speaker effect.
Applying Harmony to Your Right-hand Melody
Among the Voice Effects, Harmony is one of the most impressive. It automatically adds harmony parts to the notes you play with
your right hand — immediately giving you a more full and professional sound.
1
2
Turn the [Harmony/Echo] button on.
3
Play a chord with your left hand to start the style (page 33) and play some
notes in the right-hand range of the keyboard.
Turn on both the [ACMP] button and [SYNC START] button (page 32) and make
sure that the RIGHT 1 part is on (page 26).
Split Point
In this example, harmony notes in the scale of
C major (the chord played in the left hand) are
automatically added to the notes played in the
right-hand range of the keyboard.
Chord section
You can also use the Harmony effect with the style stopped (with the Stop Accompaniment function;
page 33). Simply hold down a chord with your left hand and play a melody with your right.
Try out Harmony/Echo with some of the voices below...
Many of the voices have been automatically set to play certain Harmony/Echo types that match the particular voice. Try out some of the voices below — playing chords with your left hand and melodies with your
right — and listen to the various Harmony and Echo effects.
Category
Voice
Harmony/Echo type
Piano
Live! Grand
Standard Trio
Accordion
Tutti Accrd
Country Trio
Live! Strs
Block
37
Strings
ChamberStrs
4-way Open
Harp
Strum
Category
Guitar
Saxophone
Percussion
Voice
Harmony/Echo type
CrunchGtr
RockDuet
PedalSteel
Country Duet
MoonLight
Full Chord
Vibraphone
Trill
Timpani
Tremolo
TYROS Owner’s Manual
39
Quick Guide
Calling Up Ideal Setups for Your Music — Music Finder
Reference on page 126
If you want to play in a certain genre of music but
don’t know which style and voice settings would be
appropriate, the convenient Music Finder function
can help you out. Simply select the desired music
genre from among the “Records” that make up the
Music Finder and the TYROS automatically makes
all appropriate panel settings to let you play in that
music style!
Selecting the desired music genre from the Record List
1
Press the [MUSIC FINDER] button to call up the Music Finder display.
The Music Finder display contains various “records” — each of which has pre-assigned
panel settings to match the corresponding song title or music genre.
Each record has the following four items.
● MUSIC ................Contains the song title or music genre that describes each record, letting you
easily find the desired music style.
● STYLE ................The preset style assigned to the record.
● BEAT..................The time signature registered to each Record.
● TEMPO...............The assigned tempo setting for the record.
BACK
PROGRAMMABLE
If necessary, press the [BACK]/[NEXT] button to call up the “ALL” page. All the preset
Records built into the TYROS are listed on
this page.
MUSIC FINDER
2
NEXT
Select the desired Record in the list.
Rotate the [DATA ENTRY] dial to move the cursor on the Record list. Once the desired
song name or music genre is highlighted, press the [ENTER] button to call up the corresponding Music Finder setup. Keep in mind that the panel setup actually called up is
the one pre-programmed as the One Touch Setting.
DATA ENTRY
DATA ENTRY
ENTER
3
Play the styles.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
38
40
ENTER
Quick Guide
Calling Up Ideal Setups for Your Music — Music Finder
Searching the Ideal Setups by Keyword
The Music Finder feature of the TYROS has a wide range of more than 1000 different records —
making it exceptionally versatile, yet difficult to find a desired setup. That’s where the Search
function comes in handy. It lets you quickly and easily find the records that you want to use.
1
Press the [SEARCH1] LCD button ([I] button) on the Music Finder
display to call up the Search display.
F
G
H
I
J
2
Enter the search criteria and start the search.
Press one of these buttons to
call up the pop-up window for
searching by music genre or
keyword. Text entry is done in
the same way as with file names
(page 70). After entering the
music genre or keyword, press
the [OK] LCD button to return
back to this display.
Press this button to call up the
Style selection display. After
selecting the desired style,
press the [EXIT] button to return
back to this display.
This convenient function lets you
find all songs that use a certain
accompaniment style.
Press this button to specify the
time signature for the search.
Pressing the button alternates
anong the selections. Selecting
“Any” searches through all
records, regardless of the time
signature.
Selects a specific location for
searching. You can further narrow down your search by using
the SEARCH 1 and 2 selections.
Clears the entered
item at left.
A
F
B
G
C
H
D
I
E
J
1
2
3
This convenient search
feature lets you search for
all records that fall within a
certain tempo range.
4
5
6
7
8
Select the desired music genre.
Press the [START SEARCH]
LCD button to execute the
search. The Search 1 display
appears, showing the results
of the search.
• If you wish to further narrow down
your search or search another
music genre, use the SEARCH 2
display.
39
3
Select the desired record from the list on the
SEARCH1 display and play the music style.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
41
Quick Guide
Calling Up Ideal Setups for Your Music — Music Finder
Creating a Set of Favorite Records
As convenient as the Search function is in plumbing the depths of the Music Finder records, you
may want to create a “folder” of favorite records — so you can quickly call up those styles and
settings you use most often in your performance.
F
G
Press the [H] button to add the
selected record to the Favorite page.
(When the prompt appears, select
[YES] to actually add the record.)
H
I
J
Press the [BACK]/
[NEXT] button to call
up the FAVORITE
page and confirm
whether the specified record has been
added.
F
BACK
NEXT
G
H
I
J
F
G
H
I
J
■ Other convenient functions
Music Finder has a variety of other useful functions, as described below. These are available in all the Music Finder pages.
F
G
H
Sort the records by each item.
Change the order of the records (ascending or
descending). The order method is determined by
the sort item above.
I
J
Shows the number of records of the currently
displayed page.
Press this button to create a new record by editing the currently selected one.
Page 126
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
These sets of buttons are used when the Record list is sorted by
STYLE. Press the up or down button to move the cursor up or
down and select the new record. Simultaneously press the up
and down buttons to move the cursor to the first record.
This set of buttons is used when the Record list is sorted by MUSIC.
Press the upper or lower button to move the cursor up or down
alphabetically and select the new record. Simultaneously press the
up and down buttons to move the cursor to the first record.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
40
42
These sets of buttons are used regardless of the
sort item.
Press the up or down button to move the cursor
up or down and select the new record.
Quick Guide
Song Playback
Reference on page 88
You can play MIDI song data directly from the
TYROS. This includes not only the preset demo
songs, but also commercially available song data
on floppy disk, as well as songs you’ve created with
the Song Recording function (page 54) or Song Creator function (page 94). (For information on compatible song data, see page 8.)
Playback of Song Disks
1
2
Insert the disk containing MIDI song
data into the disk drive.
• Make sure to read the section
“Using the Floppy Disk Drive
(FDD) and Floppy Disks” on
page 6.
Press any of the SONG buttons to call up the song selection display.
BACK
NEXT
SONG
If necessary, use
the [BACK]/[NEXT]
buttons to call up
the FD (Floppy
Disk) page.
3
• The song selection display shown
here is called the “Open/Save”
display for the song. The Open/
Save display actually has two different display modes: 1) a direct
selection display (shown at left),
and 2) a numeric input display that
lets you select the voice by inputting the song number. For details,
see page 71.
Select a song on the floppy disk.
Selecting a song is done in the same way as selecting a voice or style.
4
Press the SONG CONTROL [START/STOP] button to start the
selected song.
SONG CONTROL
SP1
SP2
SP3
SP4
LOOP
REC
TOP
START/
STOP
REW
FF
These buttons let you use markers in the song
data — for easy navigation, and for setting up
playback loops.
Page 44
This button lets you record your keyboard performance as a song MIDI song data.
Page 54
NEW SONG
During playback, you can have the song
return to the top and play back again from the
beginning by pressing this button. When playback is stopped, pressing this button returns
the song to the beginning.
5
SYNC START
Moves forward one measure when pressed
briefly, or scrolls forward continuously (fast forward) when held.
Press this button to call up the SONG POSITION pop-up window on the LCD display.
Moves back one measure when pressed
briefly, or scrolls backward continuously (fast
reverse) when held.
Press this button to call up the SONG POSITION pop-up window on the LCD display.
Press the SONG CONTROL [START/STOP] button again to stop the
song.
■ Viewing Song Lyrics and Score
41
● When the song data contains lyric data, you can view it by using the [Lyrics] LCD
button on the Main display................................................................................................... Page 46
● You can also view the song score (notation) by using the [Score] LCD button
on the Main display. ............................................................................................................. Page 49
TYROS Owner’s Manual
43
Quick Guide
Song Playback
Using Song Position Markers
Song Position markers (SP 1 - SP 4) can be placed in the song data. This not only lets you navigate quickly and
easily through the song data, but also lets you set up convenient playback loops — allowing you to create
dynamic song arrangements “on the fly,” as you perform.
■ Jumping among song positions....................................................................
1
Select a song and start playing back from the top of the song.
Press the [TOP] button (if necessary) and press the [START/STOP] button.
REC
START/
STOP
TOP
FF
REC
SYNC START
NEW SONG
2
REW
START/
STOP
TOP
REW
FF
SYNC START
NEW SONG
Enter a marker to the desired song position by double-clicking one
of the [SP] buttons during playback.
As the song is playing back, double-click (press twice quickly) one of the [SP1] - [SP4]
buttons at the point you wish you enter a marker. The corresponding button flashes in
green, and the marker for that button is entered to the 1st beat of the appropriate measure.
SONG CONTROL
SP1
SP2
SP3
SP4
LOOP
REC
TOP
START/
STOP
REW
FF
If a marker has already been entered to the
button, the lamp is lit in green or red. Doubleclicking on the button will set the marker to a
new song position.
SYNC START
NEW SONG
Continue to enter other markers in the same way. The illustration below shows an
example of how all of the markers may be entered in a song.
Top of
the song
3
4
[SP1]
[SP2]
[SP3]
Stop song playback.
Now that you’ve entered markers in step #2 above,
try using them to jump around in the song and navigate among the
song positions.
● Jumping to a marker, then starting playback
SONG CONTROL
SP1
SP2
SP3
SP4
LOOP
SP1
SP2
SP3
SP4
LOOP
REC
TOP
START/
STOP
REW
FF
REC
TOP
START/
STOP
REW
FF
NEW SONG
• To store your marker settings,
save the song data to the User
drive, FD drive, or HD drive (if
an optional hard disk has been
installed). Keep in mind that the
marker settings will be lost if
you select another song or turn
the power off without saving the
song data. For details on saving
song data, see step #8 on page
55.
● Jumping to a marker during playback
SONG CONTROL
SYNC START
NEW SONG
In this example, song playback starts from the top of the
measure assigned to the [SP1] button (in step #2 above).
5
End of
the song
[SP4]
• You also can enter the marker by
stopping the song at the desired
position and double-clicking any of
the [SP1] - [SP4] buttons.
Whether executed during playback or while playback is stopped,
the marker is always entered at
the top of the current measure.
SYNC START
• Be careful to press the [SP1] [SP4] button only once when
jumping among markers. Pressing a button twice (double-clicking) will change the marker
position.
In this example, song playback continues to the end of
the current measure, then jumps to the selected marker
— the top of the measure assigned to the [SP4] button (in
step #2 above). You can cancel the jump by pressing the
same button ([SP4]) again before the actual jump. (Be
careful not to double-click the button.)
Stop song playback.
■ Using markers in loop playback ........................................................................................
Try using the markers you registered in step #2 above to play back the separate “sections” of the song in loops.
1
Go to the top of the song to which you’ve entered the markers and start it.
Top of
the song
TYROS Owner’s Manual
[SP2]
[SP3]
[SP4]
Green
Green
Green
Green
End of
the song
42
44
[SP1]
Quick Guide
Song Playback
The [SP1] button changes from green to red after the [SP1] point has played back.
Top of
the song
2
[SP1]
[SP2]
[SP3]
[SP4]
Red
Green
Green
Green
End of
the song
Turn the [LOOP] button on after passing the [SP1] point.
The song plays back up to the [SP2] point, then goes back to [SP1] and loops between the two points
(as shown).
Top of
the song
3
[SP1]
[SP2]
[SP3]
[SP4]
Red
Green
Green
Green
End of
the song
Turn the [LOOP] button off by pressing it again.
The loop in step #2 above continues indefinitely until you turn the [LOOP] button off. When you turn
it off, playback continues past the [SP2] point and on to [SP3]. (The [SP2] button changes from green
to red after the [SP2] point is passed.)
Top of
the song
4
[SP1]
[SP2]
[SP3]
[SP4]
Green
Red
Green
Green
End of
the song
Turn the [LOOP] button on again before reaching the [SP3] point.
Turning the [LOOP] button on again here starts a new loop — this time between the [SP2] and [SP3]
points (as shown).
Top of
the song
[SP1]
[SP2]
[SP3]
[SP4]
Green
Red
Green
Green
End of
the song
5
Continue looping the remaining “sections” of the song ([SP2]- [SP3] and
[SP3] - end) in the same way, repeating steps #3 and #4 above.
6
Stop song playback.
Adjusting the Volume Balance between the Song and the Keyboard
Press the [BALANCE] button so that the mixer window (pop-up) appears at the bottom of the LCD display (page 36). You can
adjust the volume balance between song playback and your right-hand keyboard performance by using LCD buttons [1], [5], [6],
[7], and [8].
Turning Song Parts On/Off
Press the [CHANNEL ON/OFF] button so that the pop-up window appears at the bottom of the LCD display. You can turn each
part (channel) on or off by using the lower LCD [1] - [8] buttons during song playback.
BALANCE
MIXING
CONSOLE
CHANNEL
ON / OFF
PART
PART
43
Pressing the [CHANNEL ON/OFF]
button repeatedly switches among
the style parts (channels) and song
channels.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Press the LCD button corresponding to the part
(channel) you wish to turn
on or off.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
45
Quick Guide
Singing with a Connected Microphone
Reference on page 130
The TYROS is equipped with an input jack, letting you connect another audio source — such as a microphone for your
voice, an electric guitar, or a CD player — and mix it with the
sounds of the TYROS. The fun doesn’t stop there, however.
With the Vocal Harmony feature (page 47), you can also
apply various harmony and echo effects to your voice or
guitar playing. Or use the TYROS for karaoke and singalongs — applying various DSP effects to your voice, as
you sing with the auto accompaniment or song playback.
Connecting a microphone
1
Set the [TRIM] control on the rear panel and the [INPUT VOLUME]
on the front panel both to “MIN.”
MIC / LINE IN
INPUT
INPUT VOLUME
TRIM
MIN
MIC /LINE IN
MAX
SIGNAL
• To avoid possible feedback or
other interference, separate the
microphone from the speakers as
much as possible.
OVER
FADE
IN /OUT
MIN
2
MAX
Connect a microphone to the MIC/LINE IN jack.
The MIC/LINE jack accepts 1/4” phone plugs.
MIC / LINE IN
INPUT
TRIM
MIN
3
4
MAX
Turn the power on.
Adjust the [TRIM] control on the rear panel and the [INPUT VOLUME] on the front panel while singing into the microphone.
• Since the input level from the microphone may be low, set the [TRIM] control close
to “MAX.”
• Adjust the controls while checking the OVER and SIGNAL lamps.
MIC / LINE IN
INPUT
INPUT VOLUME
MIC / LINE IN
TRIM
MIN
MAX
SIGNAL
OVER
FADE
IN / OUT
MIN
The OVER lamp lights when the input
level is too high. Make sure to adjust the
INPUT VOLUME so that this lamp does
not light.
The SIGNAL lamp lights to indicate that
an audio signal is being received.
MAX
• Since the MIC/LINE IN jack is
highly sensitive, it may pick up
and produce noise when nothing is connected. To avoid this,
always set the INPUT VOLUME
to minimum when nothing is
connected to the MIC/LINE IN
jack.
• Make sure to set the [INPUT VOLUME] to “MIN” before performing
the following operations.
• Connecting a microphone to the
TYROS
• Removing a microphone from
the TYROS
• Turning the TYROS’ power off
• You may find that microphone
sound is distorted, even though
the OVER lamp is not lit. If so, try
setting the [TRIM] control on the
rear panel close to “MIN” and
adjusting the [INPUT VOLUME]
control on the front panel until the
level is appropriate.
• Since the input level from the
mixer or audio equipment may be
high, set the [TRIM] control on the
rear panel close to “MIN.”
Singing Along with Lyrics
Try playing a song that contains lyric data, then sing along with it using the connected microphone.
1
2
Select a song that contains lyric data (page 43).
Go back to the Main display by pressing the [EXIT] button and
press the [Lyrics] LCD button to call up the Lyrics display.
A
B
C
D
E
TYROS Owner’s Manual
44
46
Quick Guide
Singing with a Connected Microphone
3
Turn the Effect for the microphone
sound on, if desired.
4
5
MIC
VOCAL
HARMONY
Start song playback.
EFFECT
VH TYPE
SELECT
MIC
SETTING
• The lyrics inidicated on the LCD
display can be output via the
[VIDEO OUT] terminal. You can
have only the lyrics of the song
output via VIDEO OUT, even when
another display is called up. This
lets you select other displays and
still have the lyrics shown on the
monitor.
For details, see page 151.
SONG CONTROL
Sing the song while viewing the lyrics
on the display.
6
TALK
Stop the song.
SP1
SP2
SP3
SP4
LOOP
REC
TOP
START/
STOP
REW
FF
NEW SONG
SYNC START
Applying harmony to your voice
Use the sophisticated Vocal Harmony function to automatically apply harmony to your
voice as you sing into the connected microphone.
1
2
MIC
VOCAL
HARMONY
TALK
EFFECT
VH TYPE
SELECT
MIC
SETTING
Turn Vocal Harmony on.
Press the [VH TYPE SELECT] button to call up the Vocal Harmony
type selection display and select one of the types.
A
MIC
VOCAL
HARMONY
TALK
EFFECT
VH TYPE
SELECT
B
MIC
SETTING
C
D
E
• If you experience distorted or outof-tune sound from the Vocal Harmony feature, your vocal microphone may be picking up
extraneous sounds (other than
your voice) – the Style playback
sound from the TYROS, for example. In particular, bass sounds can
cause mistracking of the Vocal
Harmony feature. The solution to
this problem is to ensure that as
little extraneous sound as possible
is picked up by your vocal microphone:
For this example,
“JazzSisters” is
selected.
3
4
Turn the [ACMP] button on.
Play and hold down chords in the left-hand
section of the keyboard as you sing along with
the accompaniment.
Split Point
• Sing as closely to the microphone as possible.
• Use a uni-directional microphone.
Chord section
• Turn down the MASTER VOLUME, STYLE volume or SONG
volume control.
The harmony is applied to your
voice according to the chord you
play. Try out various chords.
■ Vocal Harmony Chords
Vocal Harmony is triggered by the chords you play. In the example instructions above, the chords played
in the style chord section of the keyboard are used to trigger the Vocal Harmony. Depending on the Harmony Mode setting and the particular application, different chords can be used to trigger Vocal Harmony
(as listed below). For details, see page 133.
45
Chords that trigger Vocal Harmony
Required settings (Harmony mode)
Chords specified in the style chord section of the keyboard
CHORDAL
Chords specified in the Upper part (RIGHT1 - 3) section of the keyboard
VOCODER
Chords specified in the Lower part (LEFT) section of the keyboard
VOCODER
Chord data contained in the XF song
CHORDAL
Detected chords based on notes contained in the song data
CHORDAL, VOCODER
TYROS Owner’s Manual
47
Quick Guide
Keyboard and Vocal Practice using the Guide function
The educational and fun Guide features make it easy
to learn new music. They indicate the notes you
should play, when you should play them, and how
long you should hold them down. What’s more, with
a connected microphone, the TYROS makes singalongs more fun and interesting as well.
Here, you’ll also learn how to practice music effectively using the Song Score function of the Guide features, reading the music score shown in the LCD.
Selecting a Guide menu
Call up the SONG SETTING display by following the procedure below and select a Guide menu.
MENU
DEMO
HELP
FUNCTION
SOUND
CREATOR
DIGITAL
RECORDING
SONG
STYLE
MULTI PAD
Select one of the four Guide menus by
using the LCD [A] and [B] buttons. For
details about the four menus, see below.
A
A
B
B
C
C
D
D
E
E
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Since the commercially available song data may
be already programmed with fixed channels for
the Guide features, set this parameter to ON.
■ Guide menu for keyboard practice
● Follow Lights...........When this is selected, song playback pauses, waiting for you to play the notes correctly.
When you play the correct notes, song playback continues. Follow Lights was developed for
the Yamaha Clavinova series. This function is used for practicing purposes, with built-in
lamps on the keyboard indicating the notes to be played. Even though the TYROS does not
have these lamps, you can use the same function by following the indications in the displayed
notation with the Song Score function.
● Any Key ...................With this function, song playback pauses and waits for you to play any key. When you play
the keyboard in correct time with the music (any key is fine), song playback continues. (For
this function, the notes of the keyboard do not sound.)
■ Guide menu for sing-along
● Karao-Key ................This function lets you control the song and accompaniment playback with just one finger,
while you sing along. Simply play a key on the keyboard in time with music (any key is fine)
and the accompaniment parts of the song follow your playing. (For this function, the notes of
the keyboard do not sound.)
● Vocal Cue Time .......With this function, song playback pauses, waiting for you to sing the notes correctly. When
you sing the correct notes, song playback continues.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
46
48
Quick Guide
Keyboard and Vocal Practice using the Guide function
Keyboard Practice using “Follow Lights”
1
Select the desired song for practicing the keyboard (page 43).
2
Call up the SONG SETTING display by following the procedure
described on the previous page and select “Follow Lights.” If necessary, specify the channel settings.
3
Press the [EXIT] button to go back to the Main display.
4
Call up the Song Score display by pressing the [Score] LCD button
([C] button).
A
B
C
D
E
5
Turn the [GUIDE] button on.
GUIDE
6
Start the song playback.
SONG CONTROL
SP1
SP2
SP3
SP4
LOOP
REC
TOP
START/
STOP
REW
FF
SYNC START
NEW SONG
7
Song playback automatically pauses, indicating
that you should play a certain melody note.
Look at the notation in the LCD to see which note to play.
8
To stop the practice session in the middle of the song, stop song
playback.
SONG CONTROL
SP1
SP2
SP3
SP4
LOOP
REC
TOP
START/
STOP
REW
FF
47
NEW SONG
SYNC START
TYROS Owner’s Manual
49
Quick Guide
Keyboard and Vocal Practice using the Guide function
Vocal Practice using “Vocal Cue Time”
1
Connect a microphone to the TYROS (page 46).
2
Select the desired song for singing.
3
Call up the SONG SETTING display by following the procedure
described on page 48 and select “Vocal Cue TIME.” If necessary,
specify the channel settings.
4
Press the [EXIT] button to go back to the Main display.
5
Call up the Song Score display by pressing the [Score] LCD button
([C] button).
A
B
C
D
E
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Press the lower LCD [3] button so that
the lyrics appear on the score.
6
Turn the [GUIDE] button on.
7
Start song playback.
REC
TOP
START/
STOP
REW
FF
SYNC START
NEW SONG
8
GUIDE
Song playback automatically pauses, indicating
that you should sing a certain melody note.
Look at the notation in the LCD to see which note to sing.
9
To stop the practice session in the middle of the song, stop song
playback.
REC
NEW SONG
TYROS Owner’s Manual
START/
STOP
REW
FF
SYNC START
48
50
TOP
Quick Guide
Saving and Recalling Custom Panel Setups — Registration Memory
Reference on page 128
Since the TYROS is such a sophisticated instrument
with such a variety of controls and functions — voice,
style, and effect settings, just to name a few — it may
be difficult to get a handle on them all. This is where
the convenient Registration Memory can help. It
allows you to save virtually all panel settings to a Registration Memory setting, and then instantly recall
your custom panel settings by pressing a single button.
• For a list of Registration Memory setup parameters, refer to the separate Data List.
Saving your Panel Setups to a Registration Memory
1
Set up the panel controls (such as voice, style, effects,
and so on) as desired.
2
Press the [MEMORY] button in the REGISTRATION
MEMORY section.
• When a checkmark is entered to the SONG box, the
current path (currently selected folder) of the song
file can be memorized to Registration Memory.
The path for DOC or Disklavier Piano Soft disks,
however, cannot be memorized to Registration
Memory. If you wish to memorize the path for DOC
or Disklavier Piano Soft disks, copy the desired files
to the User drive and memorize the corresponding
User drive path.
F
G
MEMORY
H
I
REGISTRATION MEMORY
J
You can determine whether the
settings are to be memorized (on)
or not (off) for each parameter
group. Enter checkmarks only to
those parameter groups you want
to be memorized.
Cancels the registration and returns
to the previous display.
Enters a checkmark to
the selected box (parameter group).
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Removes the checkmark
from the selected box
(parameter group).
Moves the cursor to the parameter group. You can
move the cursor by using the [DATA ENTRY] dial.
3
Press the numbered [REGISTRATION MEMORY] button to which
you wish to memorize the panel setup.
MEMORY
REGISTRATION MEMORY
The memorized button becomes red.
4
Memorize various panel setups to other buttons by repeating steps
#1 - #3.
• Any panel setup previously
memorized to the selected
REGISTRATION MEMORY button (indicator is green or red)
will be erased and replaced by
the new settings.
MEMORY
REGISTRATION MEMORY
The button to which the panel setup has just been memorized lights red and the
button to which the panel setup was previously memorized lights green – the lit
buttons indicating that each contains panel setup data.
49
5
Referring to the instructions on page 52, save the eight memorized
buttons as a single Registration Memory bank to the User drive
(page 30).
• The panel settings memorized
via step #1 through #4 are
stored temporarily on RAM
(page 65). Therefore, they will
be lost if you change the Registration Memory bank (page 52)
or you turn the power off without executing step #5.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
51
Quick Guide
Saving and Recalling Custom Panel Setups — Registration Memory
Saving your Registration Memory to the User drive
The TYROS allows you to save all eight memorized buttons as a single Registration Memory bank. You can save as many
Registration Memory banks as you want, up to the internal memory capacity of the TYROS.
TYROS panel settings
Bank 04
MEMORY
Bank 03
Memorize
Bank 02
Bank 01
Save
REGISTRATION MEMORY
User drive
Floppy disk drive
Hard disk drive (optional)
REGISTRATION MEMORY
Internal memory (RAM)
For future recall, you’ll need to save your Registration Memory settings to the user drive or Disk drive. Please keep in mind that
the panel settings memorized to each button will be lost if you change the Registration Memory bank or you turn the power off
without saving them.
In these example instructions, we’ll save them to the User drive.
1
Memorize your custom panel settings to each of the eight Registration Memory buttons, as described on page 51.
It is not necessary to memorize settings for all eight buttons. If a button has no memorized data, it is unlit.
2
Press the [REGIST BANK] button to call up the Registration Memory Bank selection (Open/Save) display.
REGIST.
BANK
3
• You can also call up the Registration Memory Bank selection display from the Main display.
FREEZE
If desired, call up the Registration Edit display and make other settings for Registration Memory, such as naming.
Indicates the names of the
eight panel setups.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
For naming the
selected panel
setup.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
3
4
5
6
7
8
For deleting
unneeded panel
setups.
50
52
2
Quick Guide
Saving and Recalling Custom Panel Setups — Registration Memory
4
Go back to the Registration Memory Bank selection (Open/Save) display and
execute the Save operation.
The pop-up window for entering the
name of the Registration Memory Bank
appears at the bottom of the display.
After entering the name, press the [OK]
LCD button (upper [8] button) to save
the bank name and eight panel setups to
the User drive.
For instructions on entering names,
see page 70.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Recalling a Registration Memory Setup
1
Press the [REGIST BANK] button to call up the Registration Memory Bank
selection (Open/Save) display.
REGIST.
BANK
2
FREEZE
Select a Registration Memory bank.
Selecting a Registration Memory bank is done in the same way as selecting a voice (page 26) or style
(page 32).
3
Press one of the green-lit numbered buttons in the Registration Memory section.
MEMORY
REGISTRATION MEMORY
Confirm whether the correct
panel settings have been
called up or not.
■ Leaving certain parameters unchanged by Registration Memory
— Freeze function ....................................................................................................page 128
Registration Memory lets you recall all the TYROS panel settings you made with a single button press.
However, there may be times that you want certain parameters and settings to remain the same, even
when changing Registration Memory presets. For example, you may want to switch voices or effect
settings while keeping the same accompaniment style. This is where the Freeze function comes in
handy. It lets you maintain the settings of certain parameter groups and leave them unchanged, even
when selecting other Registration Memory buttons.
1
2
3
Select the parameter group you want left unchanged or “frozen” (page 128).
Turn the [FREEZE] button on.
Change the Registration Memory number.
■ Calling up Registration Memory numbers in order
— Registration Sequence .....................................................................................page 128
51
As convenient as the Registration Memory buttons are, there may be times during a performance when
you want to quickly switch between settings — without having to take your hands from the keyboard.
By assigning a footswitch to control Registration Sequence, you can use your foot to step through the
Registration Memory presets — in the order you’ve specified.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
53
Quick Guide
Recording Your Performances and Creating Songs — Song Recording
Reference on page 94
The powerful and easy-to-use Song Creator feature lets
you record your own keyboard performances to the
user drive, floppy disk, or the optionally installed hard
disk. With multiple channels for recording, comprehensive editing features, plus the use of the style and the
Multi Pads, you can record complex, fully orchestrated
pieces of music in any music style or arrangement –
from solo piano and church organ to rock band, big
band, Latin ensemble, and even a full symphony
orchestra – quickly, easily and all by yourself!
● Quick Recording
With this method, you can quickly and easily record a song, without having to make detailed settings.
● Multi Recording
With this method, you can record data to each channel independently,
one by one, until you have a finished multi-channel song. This method
also lets you record several channels simultaneously. To use this, set
which part (Right1 - 3, LEFT, Multi Pad, each part of the selected style,
etc) is assigned to each MIDI channel before recording.
■ Memory operations in Song Recording
Record
Memory area for
recording a song
(RAM)
Save
Memory drives for saving the recorded song
• User drive
• Floppy disk drive
• Hard disk drive (optional)
Load a song to be recorded/edited to this area.
• When creating a new song:
Load an empty song data to this memory area
by pressing the [REC] button and the [TOP]
button simultaneously.
• When editing/re-recording the already
recorded song:
Load the song data to this memory area by
selecting the desired song saved to the USER/
FD/HD (optional) drives.
Quick Recording
1
2
Press the SONG CONTROL [REC] button and the [TOP]
button simultaneously to prepare a blank song (“New
Song”) to the Memory area for recording (shown above).
Press the [REC] button to enter the Song Record mode.
REC
TOP
REW
FF
REW
FF
SYNC START
NEW SONG
REC
START/
STOP
TOP
START/
STOP
The [REC] button and the [START/STOP] button flash.
NEW SONG
3
SYNC START
Make the desired panel settings for your keyboard performance. Below are some important things you should or
may want to do before recording:
• Check the on/off status of each keyboard part (RIGHT1, RIGHT2, RIGHT3, LEFT). ..................................... pages 26, 27, 28
• Check the voice of each keyboard part (RIGHT1, RIGHT2, RIGHT3, LEFT). ................................................ pages 26, 27, 28
• Set the desired tempo. ................................................................................................................................................. page 109
• Determine the time signature (beat) by selecting a style (even when you do not use a style)....................................... page 32
• Turn the [ACMP] and [SYNC START] button on if you wish to use style playback. ...................................................... page 32
• Make the desired panel settings using One Touch Setting, if you want to use style playback. ..................................... page 36
• Check whether the selected style is appropriate or not. If necessary, select the desired style...................................... page 32
• Check whether the selected Multi Pad Bank is appropriate or not. If necessary, select the desired bank..................... page 38
• Turn on [HARMONY/ECHO] if desired........................................................................................................................... page 39
• Press one of the REGISTRATION MEMORY buttons if desired.................................................................................... page 53
TYROS Owner’s Manual
52
54
Quick Guide
Recording Your Performances and Creating Songs — Song Recording
4
Start recording.
The SONG CONTROL [REC] button (that flashes before recording) lights continuously after recording starts. Below
are details on how recording can be started.
● Recording starts as soon as you play a key on the keyboard.
• When turning the [ACMP] and the [SYNC START] on, style playback and recording start simultaneously as soon
as a chord is played in the style chord section of the keyboard (the left side of the split point).
• When turning the [ACMP] on and the [SYNC START] off, recording starts as soon as a chord is played in the
style chord section of the keyboard (the left side of the split point) with the Stop Accompaniment (page 33).
● Recording starts by pressing the SONG CONTROL [START/STOP] button.
If you start recording in this way, “empty” data is recorded until you play a note on the keyboard. This is useful
for creating a measure or two of silence at the top of a song. It can also be used for starting a song with a short oneor two-beat pick-up or lead-in.
• The rhythm parts (channels) of style playback and recording start simultaneously by pressing the STYLE CONTROL [START/STOP] button.
● Multi Pad playback and recording start simultaneously as soon as you press any of the Multi Pads.
Indicates the position (measure number and beat) of the
currently recorded song.
5
Press the [REC] button to stop recording.
6
Listen to your newly recorded performance.
REC
TOP
NEW SONG
START/
STOP
REW
FF
SYNC START
Press the [TOP] button so that the song playback position returns back to the top and press the SONG CONTROL
[START/STOP] button.
REC
REW
FF
REC
SYNC START
NEW SONG
7
START/
STOP
TOP
START/
STOP
TOP
NEW SONG
REW
FF
SYNC START
If necessary, re-record a specific section of the recorded song or
record an additional section to the end of the recorded song.
Repeat steps #2 - #6 above. You can selectively re-record parts of the song by starting recording in the middle of the
song and stopping it when desired, or you can record continuously all the way to the end of the song.
8
Make sure to save the song data to the USER or FD drive when recording is completed.
Call up the USER or FD page of the Song selection (Open/Save) display by pressing one of the SONG buttons and
execute the save.
The pop-up window for entering the
name of the song file appears at the
bottom of the display. After entering the
name, press the [OK] LCD button ([8]
up button) to save the song file name
and recorded data to the User drive.
For instructions on entering names,
see page 70.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
53
• The recorded song will be lost if you change to
another song or you turn the power off without
executing the save operation in step #8. Make
sure to execute the save operation in step #8.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
55
Quick Guide
Recording Your Performances and Creating Songs — Song Recording
■ One song — sixteen MIDI channels .................................................................................
On the TYROS, a single song can contain separate data for up to sixteen MIDI channels. When recording your own performance, you’ll need to assign each part you play to a separate MIDI channel.
With Quick Recording (on the previous page), the TYROS takes care of this chore for you — letting you
record a song without having to worry about which part goes to which channel. However, you’ll increase
your understanding of the recording process and gain greater flexibility and control by reading through
the sections below — which cover recording rules and characteristics, and show you how to use Multi
Recording as well as re-record an existing Quick Recording song.
● Default MIDI channel/part assignments
MIDI channel recorded to a song
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
● Recording method and default part settings
Default part when recording a
new song from scratch
RIGHT1
LEFT
Keyboard
parts
RIGHT2
RIGHT3
MULTI PAD 1
MULTI PAD 2
Multi Pads
MULTI PAD 3
MULTI PAD 4
RHYTHM 1
RHYTHM 2
BASS
CHORD 1
Style parts
CHORD 2
PAD
PHRASE 1
PHRASE 2
Quick Recording
Multi Recording
When recording a new
song:
All channels are automatically assigned for recording, with each
channel assigned a specific part. (See chart at
left.)
Channels to be recorded
must be enabled for recording manually. However,
parts are automatically assigned to MIDI channels, as
shown in the chart at left.
When re-recording an already recorded
song:
The channel/part assignments made in the original recording are
maintained.
Channels to be recorded
must be enabled for recording manually. The channel/
part assignments made in
the original recording are
maintained.
• You can change channel/part assignments from the defaults above before
actually recording. More specifically, even after entering the Record mode
(step #2 below) via Quick Recording, you can still manually enable recording
channels and set channel/part assignments via Multi Recording.
Multi Recording
1
Press the SONG CONTROL [REC] button and the [TOP] button simultaneously
to prepare a blank song (“New Song”) to the Memory area for recording
(shown above).
REC
REW
FF
SYNC START
NEW SONG
2
START/
STOP
TOP
While holding the [REC] button, select the channel to be recorded and assign
the part to the selected channel on the pop-up window that appears at the
bottom of the LCD display.
Assign the part to the
channel set to REC.
Here, set channel 1 to “REC.”
A
SONG CONTROL
SP1
SP2
SP3
SP4
LOOP
B
REC
TOP
START/
STOP
C
REW
FF
D
NEW SONG
SYNC START
E
While holding the [REC]
button...
Set the desired channel to
REC.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
* Select the channel to be recorded and
assign the part to the selected channel.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
54
56
Quick Guide
Recording Your Performances and Creating Songs — Song Recording
3
Make the desired panel settings for your keyboard performance.
(Refer to the list of possible settings in step #3 of Quick Recording
above.)
4
Start recording.
Recording is started in the same way as in Quick Recording.
• When recording without style playback, using the Metronome function (page 156) can make your
recording sessions much more
efficient.
5
Press the [REC] button to stop recording.
REC
NEW SONG
6
START/
STOP
TOP
REW
FF
SYNC START
Listen to your newly recorded performance.
Press the [TOP] button so that the song playback position returns back to the top, then
press the SONG CONTROL [START/STOP] button.
REC
NEW SONG
7
TOP
START/
STOP
REW
FF
SYNC START
REC
NEW SONG
TOP
START/
STOP
REW
FF
SYNC START
If desired, record another channel.
Repeat steps #2 - #6 above.
8
Make sure to save the song data to the USER or FD drive when
recording is completed.
Call up the USER or FD page of the Song selection (Open/Save) display and execute
the save. For details, see step #8 on page 55.
• The recorded song will be lost if
you change another song or
you turn the power off without
executing the save operation in
step #8. Make sure to execute
the save operation in step #8.
■ Re-recording or editing the already-recorded song ..............................
Here in the “Quick Guide,” you’ve learned how to create a new song by recording. The
following features of the Song Creator function allow you to re-record or edit the alreadyrecorded song.
55
● Re-recording a specific section of the already-recorded song (Punch In/Out) .................... Page 94
● Editing the recorded data for each channel
• Quantizing, or aligning the timing................................................................................ Page 96
• Deleting the data of the specified channel .................................................................. Page 96
• Mixing (Merging) the data of the specified two channels ............................................ Page 97
• Transposing the recorded note data of each channel................................................. Page 97
• Initial settings such as voice, volume, tempo and so on ............................................. Page 97
● Editing the chord data by using the Event List..................................................................... Page 98
● Editing the channel data by using the Event List ............................................................... Page 100
● Editing the System Exclusive message data by using the Event List................................ Page 106
● Editing the lyric data by using the Event List ..................................................................... Page 106
TYROS Owner’s Manual
57
Quick Guide
Connecting to a Computer
By connecting a computer, you can
transfer data between the TYROS and
the computer via MIDI, and use the
computer to control, edit and organize
data on the TYROS. For example, you
can use the included Voice Editor program to edit the TYROS’ custom voices.
There is also a special File Utility program that lets you use your computer to
manage files in the USER/FD/HD
(optional) drive.
TYROS
USB
USB
B type
A type
USB cable
USB is an abbreviation for Universal Serial Bus. It is a serial interface for connecting a computer
with peripheral devices, and
enables much faster data transfer
compared to conventional serial
port connections. Also, it allows
“hot swapping” (connecting
peripheral devices while the
power to the computer is on).
• There are two ways to connect the
TYROS to a computer: MIDI cable
and USB cable. In the following
instructions, we’ll use a USB
cable.
■ What you can do with a computer
● Manage files in the USER/FD/HD (optional) drive of the TYROS using the File Utility software on the
included CD-ROM. File Utility also lets you transmit your TYROS files to a computer, and vice versa.
● Create Custom Voices using the Voice Editor software on the included CD-ROM.
● Record performance data (1-16 channels) using the TYROS style playback to a computer running sequence
software, such as XGworks. After recording, you can edit the data with the computer, then play it back using
the TYROS’ tone generator.
Disconnecting/connecting the USB cable or turning the power off/on may cause the computer operation to hang-up, or may stop the TYROS from functioning properly. Be careful NOT to disrupt the USB
connection or turn the power on/off in the following operating conditions.
• While the TYROS is recognizing the device or while loading the driver.
• While starting or shutting down the operating system.
• While computer operation is suspended (with power management controls such as
sleep or hibernation).
• While a MIDI application is starting.
The computer may also hang up and/or the TYROS’ functions may stop if you do the following:
•
•
•
•
Turn the power on/off, or connect/disconnect the cable too often.
Enter the sleep mode while trasmitting the MIDI data, and resume operation.
Disconnect/connect the cable while the TYROS is on.
Turn the TYROS on/off, start the computer, or install driver software while a huge
amount of data is being transferred.
Initial Setup
Instructions are given below in basic outline format. For details, refer to the separate Installation Guide.
1
Confirm the minimum system requirements of the software you wish to use.
• For software on the included CD-ROM (such as Voice Editor, File Utility, USB MIDI driver, etc.),
refer to the separate Installation Guide.
• For other software, refer to the relevant manual or documentation.
2
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58
Connect the computer to the TYROS using a USB cable.
Quick Guide
Connecting to a Computer
3
Start the computer and install the required MIDI driver.
• For a computer running Windows, install the USB MIDI driver. Refer to the separate Installation
Guide.
• For a Macintosh computer, install OMS. Refer to the separate Installation Guide.
4
Install the desired software to a computer.
• To install software from the included CD-ROM (such as Voice Editor, File Utility, USB MIDI driver,
etc.), refer to the separate Installation Guide.
• To install other software, refer to the relevant manual or documentation.
Using the Voice Editor
You can expand the sonic palette of the TYROS by creating your own original voices — using the Voice Editor
(included on the CD-ROM). The voices you create can be saved to the PRESET drive on the TYROS as Custom
Voices, and can be called up any time by pressing the [CUSTOM VOICE] button.
1
2
3
Turn the computer’s power on, then turn the TYROS’ power on.
Start Voice Editor on the computer.
Edit the voice parameters on the computer to create your original voice.
For details, refer to the Voice Editor documentation on the CD-ROM.
4
When you’ve finished editing transfer the edited voice from the computer to
the TYROS.
Voice Editor
After editing, transfer the data.
CUSTOM
VOICE
5
6
Exit the Voice Editor.
Press the [CUSTOM VOICE] button and play your
custom voice.
CUSTOM
VOICE
Using the File Utility
1
2
3
Turn the computer’s power on, then turn the TYROS’ power on.
Start File Utility on the computer.
Manage files/folders in the USER/FD/HD (optional) drive of the TYROS using
File Utility.
57
For details, refer to the File Utility documentation on the CD-ROM.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
59
Basic Operations — Organizing Your Data
Display-based Controls
As you’ve seen in “Quick Guide” above, the TYROS features an exceptionally large and easy-to-understand display.
It provides comprehensive at-a-glance information on all current settings, and gives you convenient, intuitive control
over the TYROS’ functions.
BACK
NEXT
A
F
B
G
C
H
D
I
E
J
LCD buttons
LCD buttons
DIRECT
ACCESS
If a menu, function or
other item appears in
this section of the display, use the upper LCD
[1] - [8] buttons.
EXIT
See page 62.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
DATA ENTRY
If a menu, function or other
item appears in this section
of the display, use the lower
LCD [1] - [8] buttons.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
ENTER
■ LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) buttons.......................................................................................................
The LCD [A] - [J] buttons are used to select the corresponding menu. In the Open/Save display (page 66) shown above, for example,
the LCD [A] - [J] buttons can be used to select the corresponding respective voices.
The LCD [1] - [8] buttons are divided into eight sets of upper/lower buttons, and are used to make selections or adjust settings (up or
down correspondingly) for functions shown directly above them. In the Open/Save display (page 66) shown above, for example, the
upper LCD [1] - [8] buttons can be used to select the menus [P1] - [VIEW] in the upper row, and the lower LCD [1] - [8] buttons can
be used to select the menus [NAME] - [UP] in the lower row. Also in the above example, the upper LCD [4] - [6] buttons are inactive
and have no effect, because there are no menu items in the display that correspond to these buttons.
■ [DATA ENTRY] dial and [ENTER] button .................................................................................................
Depending on the selected LCD display, the [DATA ENTRY] dial can be used in the following two ways.
● Entering the values
For parameters indicated at the bottom of the Main display (such as the “slider” controls in the mixer window; page 36), you can
conveniently use the [DATA ENTRY] dial in tandem with the LCD [1] - [8] buttons. Simply select the desired parameter with the
appropriate LCD button (the name changes color), then use the [DATA ENTRY] dial to adjust it.
This convenient technique also works well with pop-up parameters such as Tempo and Transpose. Simply press the appropriate button
(ex., [TEMPO +], then rotate the [DATA ENTRY] dial and press [ENTER] to close the window.
DATA ENTRY
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
ENTER
● Selecting files (voice, style, song, and so on)
When one of the Open/Save displays (page 66) is shown, you can use the [DATA ENTRY] dial and the [ENTER] button to select a file
(voice, style, song, and so on). Rotate the [DATA ENTRY] dial to move the highlight and press the [ENTER] button to actually call up
the highlighted file. In the Open/Save display for voices shown above, for example, rotate the [DATA ENTRY] dial to move the cursor
to the desired voice and press the [ENTER] button to actually call up the selected voice.
DATA ENTRY
DATA ENTRY
ENTER
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60
ENTER
Basic Operations — Organizing Your Data
Display-based Controls
■ [BACK]/[NEXT] button.....................................................................................................................................
These buttons are used mainly to change the pages of displays that have “tabs” at the top, such as the Open/Save display
(page 66).
Tabs that
indicate menus
BACK
NEXT
BACK
NEXT
■ [EXIT] button .......................................................................................................................................................
No matter where you are in the TYROS display hierarchy, the [EXIT] button will return
you to the next highest level or to the previously indicated display.
Since the TYROS has so many different displays, you may occasionally find yourself
confused as to which operation’s display is currently shown. If this happens, you can
return to “home base” by pressing the [EXIT] button several times. This returns the
TYROS to the default Main display (page 24) — the same display that appears when the
power is turned on.
EXIT
Help/Display Messages
■ Help ...........................................................................................................................
The Help messages give you informative explanations and descriptions of the main functions and features of the TYROS.
1
Press the [HELP] button.
MENU
DEMO
HELP
FUNCTION
SOUND
CREATOR
DIGITAL
RECORDING
SONG
STYLE
MULTI PAD
2
Select the desired Help topic.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
3
Call up the explanation display of the
selected topic.
Select the Language, if necessary. The
language selected here is also used
for various “Messages” shown during
operations.
BACK
NEXT
• Selecting a different language here may cause
the following problems.
• Some characters of the file names you
entered may be garbled.
• Files may not be accessible.
Use these to
select different
pages.
59
Restoring the original language solves the
above problems. Reading the files on the computer with a different language system may
cause similar problems to those above.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
61
Basic Operations — Organizing Your Data
Display-based Controls
■ Display Messages................................................................................................
Thanks to the large LCD panel, the TYROS can display comprehensive messages and
prompts that clearly guide you through the various operations. When such messages
appear, simply follow the instructions as shown by pressing the corresponding LCD button.
• These messages can be displayed in one of five different languages. You can select the
desired language of the display
messages. See page 61.
Direct Access — Instant Selection of Displays
With the convenient Direct Access function, you can instantly call up the desired display — with just a single additional button
press. Press the [DIRECT ACCESS] button and a message appears in the display prompting you to press the appropriate button.
Then, simply press the button corresponding to the desired setting display to instantly call up that display. In the example below,
Direct Access is used to call up the display for selecting the Guide settings (page 48).
Refer to the separate Data List for a list of the displays that can be called up with the Direct Access function.
DIRECT
ACCESS
Press the [DIRECT ACCESS] button again to go back to the original
display.
GUIDE
• Here’s a convenient way to return to the Main
display (page 24) from any other display:
Simply press the [DIRECT ACCESS] button,
then the [EXIT] button.
Basic Structure of File/Folder and Memory Drives
The TYROS utilizes a variety of data types — including voices, styles, songs and registration memory settings. Much of this data
is already programmed and contained in the TYROS; you can also create and edit your own data with some of the functions on
the instrument. All this data is stored in separate files — just as is done on a computer.
Here, we’ll show you the basic structure in handling and organizing the data of the TYROS in files and folders using several
memory drives.
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62
Basic Operations — Organizing Your Data
Display-based Controls
■ Data files............................................................................................................................
The following 11 types of data are handled by the TYROS as files. These can be viewed or
selected mainly by using the respective Open/Save display.
● Voices (of musical instruments) .............................................................. pages 26, 78
● Styles ....................................................................................................... pages 32, 108
● Songs......................................................................................................... pages 43, 88
● Multi Pad Banks ...................................................................................... pages 38, 124
● Registration Memory Banks .................................................................. pages 51, 128
● User Effects
• Vocal Harmony types* .......................................................................... pages 47, 130
• User Effects*................................................................................................. page 138
• User Master EQ* .......................................................................................... page 139
• User Master Compressor* ............................................................................ page 140
● MIDI Setup
• MIDI template ............................................................................................... page 145
● System Setup.................................................................................................. page 159
● Music Finder**................................................................................. pages 40, 126, 159
● Main Picture (displayed on the background of the Main display).............. page 158
● Lyrics Background Picture .............................................................................. page 90
• The Main Picture and the
Lyrics Background Picture cannot be created
from the TYROS.
*These data cannot be saved to the FD or HD (optional) drive individually.
**The Music Finder feature handles all the Records including the preset and additionally created records as a single
file.
■ File groups and folders ...............................................................................................
The file types described above are organized into “folders” and stored as such. In the case of
voices, the same type of instrument sounds are stored together as files in their own folders — such
as Piano, Strings, and Trumpet. The similarly organized buttons on the panel can be considered
folders as well, for the various voices and styles.
SONG
STYLE
POP & ROCK
VOICE
SWING & JAZZ
LATIN
WORLD
PIANO
STRINGS
PRESET
E.PIANO
CHOIR
SAXOPHONE
ORGAN
BRASS
FLUTE /
CLARINET
BALLAD
R&B
BALLROOM
PARTY
DANCE
COUNTRY
MOVIE & SHOW
POP & ROCK
USER /DISK
GUITAR
TRUMPET
ACCORDION
ORGAN
FLUTES
BASS
PAD
CUSTOM
VOICE
PERC. /
DRUM KIT
SYNTH
USER
PIANO
Live! Grand
Grand Piano
Bright Piano
Harpsichord
Grand Harpsi
These voices (files)
are indicated on the
Open/Save display.
■ Memory Drives to which folders/files are saved ...............................................
Folders and files described above are saved to the following memory drives.
● PRESET drive............ The files that are pre-programmed and installed internally to the TYROS are
kept here. Preset files can be loaded (called up) but cannot be re-written to
the drive, because it uses ROM (Read Only Memory).
● USER drive................. Files kept here are those containing your own original data, created or edited
using the various functions of the TYROS. Since this internal drive uses
Flash ROM, the contents are maintained even when the power is turned off.
● FD drive ...................... You can also store your original data to floppy disk. Commercially available
disk software can also be called up here. Naturally, these files are available
only when the appropriate disk is inserted in the floppy disk drive.
61
● HD drive (optional)... An optional hard disk drive can be installed to the TYROS. Created data can
be saved here and recalled.
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63
Basic Operations — Organizing Your Data
Display-based Controls
■ Files and Memory Drives
● Voice Editor
● File Utility
You can create your original voice as a Custom
Voice on Preset drive by using a computer and
the included Voice Editor software. Normally,
data cannot be stored to the Preset drive; however, voice data created with the Voice Editor
can be stored to the Preset drive.
PRESET
You can manage files (copy, etc) on
User drive or Disk drive by using a
computer and the included File Utility software.
USER
PRESET drive
FLOPPY DISK
USER drive
• Flash ROM
Cannot be overwritten
HD
Disk drives
• Flash ROM
• Floppy disk
• Hard disk (optional)
Custom Voice
Voice
Voice
Style
Style
Style
Song
Song
Song
Multi Pad Bank
Multi Pad Bank
Multi Pad Bank
Vocal Harmony Type
Vocal Harmony Type
Registration Memory Bank
MIDI Template
MIDI Template
System Setup
System Setup
MIDI Setup
MIDI Setup
MIDI Setup
User Effect
User Effect
User Effect
Music Finder
Music Finder
Music Finder
Main Display Picture
Main Display Picture
Main Display Picture
Song Background Picture
Song Background Picture
Song Background Picture
This is the Voice Open/Save display
called up by pressing the [PIANO] button in the VOICE section.
• The Open/Save display indicates
only those files that can be managed from the selected display. The
FD (Floppy Disk) drive of the Voice
Open/Save display, for example,
indicates only voices even if style
or song files are saved to the floppy
disk.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
System Setup
BACK
NEXT
Select a Memory drive by
using the [BACK]/[NEXT]
buttons.
62
64
Copy
Registration Memory Bank
Copy & Paste / Cut & Paste
Voice
Basic Operations — Organizing Your Data
Display-based Controls
■ TYROS’ Features and Memory Drives
RAM
Memory for indefinitely
saving the data
Flash ROM
Features
PRESET drive
Voice Editor
Custom Voice
Memory for temporarily
storing the data
User drive (Flash ROM)
Disk drive
Unedited voice
• Floppy disk
• Hard disk (optional)
Compare
Sound Creator
Style Creator
Edit
Record/
Assemble
Voice
Voice
Style
Style
Memorize
One Touch Setting
Memorize
Panel settings
Song Creator
Multi Pad Creator
Creating a
New Record
Record
Record
Registration Memory
Registration Memory
Bank
Music Finder
Record
Music Finder
System Setup
System Setup
Song
Save
Song
Four Multi Pads
Multi Pad Bank
MIDI settings
MIDI Template
Edit
MIDI
Save
MIDI Setup
Vocal Harmony Type
Edit
User Effect
(Mixing Console)
Edit
Master EQ Edit
(Mixing Console)
Edit
User Master Compressor
(Mixing Console)
Edit
User Vocal Harmony
User Effect
User Effect
User Master EQ
User Master
Compressor
* The Save operation is executed from the
Open/Save display.
63
• The data in Flash ROM is maintained even
when the power is turned off. Data in RAM,
on the other hand, is lost when you select
another file or turn the power off. Make sure
to save the necessary data on RAM to User
drive (Flash ROM) or Disk drive (floppy disk
or optionally installed hard disk) before
selecting another file or turning the power
off.
**The corresponding Open/Save display
can be called up from the [FUNCTION]
→ UTILITY → SYSTEM RESET display.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
65
Basic Operations — Organizing Your Data
Folder/File Operations using the Open/Save Display
The Open/Save display is the “home base” for folder/file operations. It is from this display that you save and manage your data
files (as described on page 63). Since there are eleven different data types, the TYROS has eleven different Open/Save displays.
The voice selection, style selection, and song selection displays described in the Quick Guide are all Open/Save displays. This
section explains the Open/Save display and the basic operations in the display that are essential for using the TYROS.
The illustration below shows how the Open/Save display for each data type (page 63) is called up and shows the function menus
in the display.
● Panel buttons
The Voice Open/
Save display is
shown here.
VOICE
PIANO
STRINGS
E.PIANO
CHOIR
SAXOPHONE
ORGAN
BRASS
FLUTE /
CLARINET
SONG
TRUMPET
GUITAR
ACCORDION
ORGAN
FLUTES
BASS
PAD
CUSTOM
VOICE
PERC. /
DRUM KIT
SYNTH
USER
LATIN
WORLD
PRESET
Voice
STYLE
POP & ROCK
SWING & JAZZ
BALLAD
R&B
BALLROOM
PARTY
DANCE
COUNTRY
MOVIE & SHOW
Song,
Style
USER / DISK
Song,
Style
● For changing the view
mode of the Open/Save
display. (Page 71)
● Main display
● For selecting the next highest
directory folder.
● For creating a new folder. (Page 67)
Voice
● For saving a file. (Page 69)
Registration
Memory
Bank
● For deleting folders/files. (Page 69)
● For copying folders/files (Copy and Paste). (Page 68)
● For moving folders/files (Cut and Paste). (Page 68)
Multi Pad Bank
● Other displays
(MIDI template, etc.)
● For naming a folder/file. (Page 70)
● For selecting (opening) a folder/file. (Page 67)
As described on page 63, you can read data from the Preset drive but you cannot write/save to it. As a result, some of the functions
above are not available for folders and files on the Preset drive. For details, see below.
Copy
(copy & paste)
USER drive
Copy (copy & paste)
Move (cut & paste)
PRESET drive
Copy*
(copy & paste)
FD
(Floppy Disk)
drive
Copy (copy & paste)
Move (cut & paste)
• The Open/Save display does not
let you directly copy a file/folder
from one floppy disk to another. If
you want to do this, use the DISK
TO DISK COPY function on the
[FUNCTION] → UTILITY → DISK
display (page 157).
Copy (copy & paste)
Move (cut & paste)
Copy*
(copy & paste)
* Some files cannot be copied
from the Preset drive because
of copyright restrictions.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
(optional)
Data can be written to these drives — allowing you to use all the file/
folder operations above, including changing file names, deleting files,
and creating new folders.
64
66
HD (Hard Disk)
drive
Basic Operations — Organizing Your Data
Folder/File Operations using the Open/Save Display
Creating a New Folder
As your TYROS data library grows, you’ll want to organize it in various folders. This operation lets you create new folders on
the User, Floppy Disk and optional Hard Disk drives. The basic procedure is described below; for a specific example (using
Voices), see page 30 in the Quick Guide.
1
2
3
4
Call up the page (path) of the Open/Save display for which you wish to
create a new folder.
Press the [NEW] LCD button (lower [7] button) below the LCD display to
call up the pop-up window for entering the folder name.
Enter the name of the new folder. See page 70 for instructions on entering
names.
Press the [OK] LCD button (upper [7] button) to actually create the new
folder.
• On the User drive, folder directories can contain up to four levels.
The maximum total number of
files and folders which can be
stored is 3,200, but this may differ
depending on the length of the file
names.
On the User/FD (Floppy Disk)/HD
(optionally installed Hard Disk),
the maximum number of files
which can be stored in a folder will
be 250.
Selecting (Opening) a Folder/File
You can select a folder/file in two ways — by using the LCD letter buttons or by using the [DATA ENTRY] dial.
How to select a file using the LCD buttons
How to select a file using the dial
1 Select a memory drive.
BACK
1 Select a memory drive.
NEXT
BACK
NEXT
A
F
A
F
B
G
B
G
C
H
C
H
D
I
D
I
E
J
E
J
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
DATA ENTRY
2
If there are more folders/files in
the drive than can be displayed
on a single page (the maximum
is ten), use these buttons to
select the additional pages.
2
Turn the dial to select the
desired file/folder. (The selected
item is highlighted.)
ENTER
the [ENTER] button to call
3 Press
up the selected file.
the letter button corresponding
3 Press
to the desired folder/file.
• Double-clicking the [ENTER] button calls up the corresponding file
and closes the Open/Save display.
65
• Double-clicking the appropriate [A] -[J] button calls up the corresponding file and closes the Open/Save display.
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67
Basic Operations — Organizing Your Data
Folder/File Operations using the Open/Save Display
Copying Folders/Files (Copy & Paste)
Folders and files can be freely copied among the installed drives, with the exception of the Preset drive — data can be copied
from the Preset drive, but not to it. The basic procedure is described below; for a specific example (using Voices), see page 30
in the Quick Guide.
1
Call up the page (path) of the Open/Save display, where the relevant folders/files are located.
2
Press the [COPY] LCD button (lower [3] button) at the bottom the LCD
display.
The pop-up window for the copy operation appears at the bottom of the LCD display.
To return to the original display, press the [CANCEL] LCD button.
3
Select the desired folders/files to be copied.
Press the LCD letter button that corresponds to the desired folder/file. Several files/
folders can be selected together, even those from other pages. Press the [ALL] LCD
button (lower [6] button) to select all the folders/files indicated on the current display
including the other pages. When the [ALL] LCD button (lower [6] button) is pressed,
[ALL] changes to [ALL OFF] letting you release or cancel the selection.
4
Press the [OK] LCD button (lower [7] button) to return to the Open/Save
display.
5
Call up the destination display.
The Preset drive cannot be selected as the destination. Create a new folder (page 67) at
the destination page (path) as needed.
6
Presvs the [PASTE] LCD button (lower [4] button).
The folders/files copied from the source page (path) appear on the display.
• The Open/Save display does not
let you directly copy a file/folder
from one floppy disk to another. If
you want to do this, use the DISK
TO DISK COPY function on the
[FUNCTION] → UTILITY → DISK
display (page 157).
Moving Folders/Files (Cut & Paste)
Folders and files can be freely moved among the installed drives, with the exception of the Preset drive — data can be copied and
moved from the Preset drive, but not to it.
Call up the page (path) of the Open/Save display, where the relevant folders/files are
located.
2
Press the [CUT] LCD button (lower [2] button) at the bottom the LCD display.
The pop-up window for the Cut operation appears at the bottom of the display. To return to the original
display, press the [CANCEL] LCD button.
3
Select the desired folders/files to be moved.
The operation is the same as in step #3 of “Copying Folders/Files (Copy & Paste).” See above.
4
5
Press the [OK] LCD button (lower [7] button) to return back to the Open/Save display.
6
Press the [PASTE] LCD button (lower [4] button).
The folders/files moved from the source page (path) appear on the display.
Call up the destination display.
The Preset drive cannot be selected as the destination. Create a new folder (page 67) at the destination
page (path) as needed.
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66
68
1
Basic Operations — Organizing Your Data
Folder/File Operations using the Open/Save Display
Deleting Folders/Files
Folders and files can be freely deleted from the installed drives, with the exception of the Preset drive.
1
Call up the page (path) of the Open/Save display, where the relevant folders/files are
located.
2
Press the [DELETE] LCD button (lower [5] button) at the bottom the LCD display.
The pop-up window for the Delete operation appears at the bottom of the display. To return to the
original display, press the [CANCEL] LCD button.
3
Select the desired folders/files to be deleted.
The operation is the same as in step #3 of “Copying Folders/Files (Copy & Paste).” See page 68.
4
Press the [OK] LCD button (lower [7] button).
A confirmation prompt appears.
5
Follow the on-screen instructions.
Saving Files
This operation lets you save your original custom data (such as songs and voices you’ve created) to the User, Floppy Disk or
optional Hard Disk drives.
Note that if you’re saving the currently open file, step #1 is not necessary.
1
After you’ve created a song or voice in the relevant Song Creator or Sound
Creator display, press the [SAVE] LCD button.
The corresponding Open/Save display appears.
67
• For some editing operations —
such as User Effect, User Master
EQ, and User Master Compressor) — a pop-up window (like that
in step #3 here) will be called up
instead of the Open/Save display. In this case, steps #2 and #3
are unnecessary.
2
3
Call up the destination display.
4
5
6
Enter the file name (page 70).
Press the [SAVE] LCD button (lower [6] button).
The pop-up window for the Save operation appears at the bottom of the display. To
return to the original display, press the [CANCEL] LCD button.
Press the [OK] LCD button (lower [7] button).
Press the [OK] button again to actually save the file.
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69
Basic Operations — Organizing Your Data
Folder/File Operations using the Open/Save Display
Naming Folders/Files
Folders and files on the installed drives can be freely renamed. You can also name files you’ve created.
The instructions below apply when calling up the Name operation from the Open/Save display. For other cases, go directly to
step #5 below.
1
Call up the page (path) of the Open/Save display, where the relevant folders/files are
located.
2
Press the [NAME] LCD button (lower [1] button) at the bottom the LCD display.
The pop-up window for the Name operation appears at the bottom of the display. To return to the
original display, press the [CANCEL] LCD button.
3
4
Select the desired folder or file to be named.
5
Input the name of the selected folder or file.
Press the [OK] LCD button (lower [7] button).
The pop-up window for entering the name appears at the bottom of the display. To return to the original display, press the [CANCEL] LCD button.
Move the cursor to the desired position by using
the [DATA ENTRY] dial.
DATA ENTRY
Press the [OK] LCD button (upper [8] button) to
actually enter the new name and return to the
original display.
Select the desired upper row menu by using
the upper LCD [1] - [8] buttons.
ENTER
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Select the desired lower row menu by using the
lower LCD [1] - [8] buttons.
Press the appropriate button,
corresponding to the character
you wish to enter.
Several different characters are
assigned to each button, and
the characters change each
time you press the button.
To actually enter the selected
character, move the cursor or
press another letter-input button.
Press the [CANCEL] LCD button (lower [8] button) to delete all of the characters on the line at
once and return to the original display.
Deletes the character at the cursor.
Pressing this (lower [6] button) before actual entry of the character adds a special character mark (umlaut, accent, Japanese “ ” and “ ”) to the character.
Pressing this (lower [6] button) after actually entering a character calls up the miscellaneous character list. Move the cursor to the desired mark by using the [DATA ENTRY] dial,
then press the [OK] LCD button (upper [8] button) or [ENTER] button to enter the character
and return back to the Name original pop-up window.
Call up the ICON SELECT display by pressing the lower [1] button.
This lets you change the icon at the left of the file name.
Change the type of character by using the [1] up button.
● If you select Japanese as the Language in the [FUNCTION] → UTILITY → OWNER display
(page 158), the following different types of characters and sizes can be entered:
•
(kana-kan).... Hiragana and kanji, marks (full size)
•
(kana) .............. Katakana (normal size), marks (full size)
•
(kana) ................ Katakana (half size), marks (half size)
• ABC ...................... Alphabet (capital and small letters, full size), numbers (full size),
marks (full size)
• ABC ......................... Alphabet (capital and small letters, half size), numbers (half size),
marks (half size)
• The example pop-up menu shown here
appears when the Language parameter is set
to “ENGLISH” on the [FUNCTION] → UTILITY → OWNER display (page 158) and the
type of characters here is set to “ABC (half
size).”
● If you’ve selected a language other than Japanese in the [FUNCTION] → UTILITY →
OWNER display (page 158), the following types of characters are available:
• CASE ........... Alphabet (capital letters, half size), numbers (half size), marks (half size)
• case ............. Alphabet (lowercase letters, half size), numbers (half size), marks (half
size)
6
TYROS Owner’s Manual
68
70
Press the [OK] LCD button (lower [8] button) to actually enter the new name for the
item and return to the original display.
Basic Operations — Organizing Your Data
Folder/File Operations using the Open/Save Display
■ Converting into Kanji (Japanese language)............................................................
This applies only if you are using the “
(kana-kan)” button (in Japanese). When the input
“hiragana” characters are shown in reverse display (highlighted), press the [ENTER] button one or
several times to convert the characters into the appropriate kanji. The reversed area can be changed
by the [DATA ENTRY] dial. The converted area can be changed back to “hiragana” by the
[DELETE] LCD button (lower [7] button). The reversed area can be cleared at once by the [CANCEL] LCD button (lower [8] button). To actually enter the change, press the [OK] LCD button
(upper [8] button) or enter the next character. To enter the “hiragana” itself (without converting it),
press the [OK] LCD button (upper [8] button).
Changing the Open/Save Display View
The Open/Save display actually has two different view types. One is Direct Selection, which we’ve seen up until this point. The
other is Number Input, which lets you open files according to their numbers. Switch between the two types by pressing the upper
[7] LCD button.
Open/Save display — Direct Selection
Open/Save display — Number Input
Shows the property of the drive/
folder/file.
Moves the cursor
to the top of this
page (path).
F
G
H
Scrolls up/down
through the file list
on this page
(path).
I
J
Moves the cursor
to the end of this
page (path).
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Input the
desired
number.
8
Press this to cancel the
number you’ve input
and return to the original display.
Calls up the upper
level directory
page.
8
From the Direct Selection type, you select the desired file directly by pressing the appropriate LCD letter button. The Number
Input type, on the other hand, lets you call up the desired file by entering the appropriate file number (see below). Since the
TYROS has many files spread out over several pages, Number Input may be quicker and more convenient — providing you know
the number of the file.
■ Number Input type — Entering numbers.................................................................
To select voice number 128, for example, press the [1], [2] and [8] LCD buttons in sequence as
shown below, and press the [ENTER] button. Entering one- or two-digit numbers is done in the
same way.
ENTER
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
When you select the next or previous file, press the [▲] or [▼] LCD button.
69
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
TYROS Owner’s Manual
71
Basic Operations — Organizing Your Data
Folder/File Operations using the Open/Save Display
■ Number Input type — Memorizing paths.................................................................
The location of the folders and files currently indicated on the LCD display is referred to
as a “path.” The Open/Save display for songs and styles lets you memorize the current
path to one of the panel buttons. Even if your data is scattered across the drive in a complex hierarchy of folders and paths, you can instantly call up a specific file — no matter
how deeply hidden — with a single button-press.
In the example instructions below, the Open/Save display for songs is used.
1
First, select the Number Input type, then call up the path to be memorized
to the button and press the [MEMORY] LCD button (LCD [E] button).
A
B
C
D
E
2
Press the desired button in the SONG section (for songs) to which the
path (selected in step #1 above) is to be memorized.
SONG
3
Call up the other path (for example, the Open/Save display for voices) and
press the same button as in step #2.
You will see the display same as shown in step #1.
Paths for style files can also be memorized, as explained above. See page 111 for details.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
70
72
Basic Operations — Organizing Your Data
About the Highlight Cursor in the Display
As we’ve seen up to this point, the LCD display lets you select various types of files such as voice, style, song, and
lets you adjust the parameter value of various functions. The highlight cursor is another convenient, colorful feature
of the LCD display, since it clearly indicates (by a red border and highlighted background) the file to be selected or
the parameter to be adjusted.
■ Cursor indication of files (voices, styles, songs, etc.) .........................
The currently selected voice
which will sound when you play
the keyboard.
You can move the cursor around
the Open/Save display by using
the [DATA ENTRY] dial. The highlighted item is not actually
selected until you press the
[ENTER] button.
■ Cursor indication of parameters ...................................................................
In this display (Mixing
Console), the selected
parameter for editing is
highlighted; use the [DATA
ENTRY] dial to adjust the
parameter.
In this display (Microphone
Setting), the selected arrow
indicators are highlighted in
red. Use the [DATA ENTRY]
dial to adjust the selected
parameter.
About the Panel Button Colors
The panel buttons listed in the chart below light in one of two colors: green or red. This easy-to-understand colorcoding scheme indicates the status of the button/function, as described here.
● Off................No data is currently assigned to the button.
● Green ..........Data has been assigned to the button.
● Red ..............Data has been assigned to the button and the button is active or playing back.
For details about each button, see below.
[REGISTRATION MEMORY]
buttons
[PROGRAMMABLE ONE
TOUCH SETTING] buttons
INTRO [I] - [III] buttons
MAIN VARIATION [A] - [D]
buttons
[BREAK] button
ENDING/rit.[I] - [III] buttons
[SP1] - [SP4] buttons
71
MULTI PAD [1] - [4]
Off
Green
Red
No panel settings are memorized to
the button.
Panel settings are memorized to the
button.
Panel settings are memorized to the
button and the button is active (was
selected last).
No panel settings are memorized to
the button.
Panel settings are memorized to the
button.
Panel settings are memorized to the
button and the button is active (was
selected last).
The corresponding section of the
selected style has no data.
The corresponding section of the
selected style has data.
The corresponding section of the
selected style has data and is active.
No song position marker is assigned
to the button.
A song position marker is assigned
to the button.
A song position marker is assigned
to the button and represents the latest marker to be passed during playback.
No data is assigned to the Multi Pad.
Data is assigned to the Multi Pad.
Active (playing back).
TYROS Owner’s Manual
73
Basic Operations — Organizing Your Data
About the Keyboard
The TYROS keyboard features various functions and performance conveniences that are simply unavailable on an acoustic
instrument. As explained in the Quick Guide for example, it allows you to play several different voices together in a layer, or
play one voice with your left hand while you play a different voice (or even three layered voices!) with your right.
Below is a summary of the keyboard-related functions and modes.
Keyboard Sections and Their Functions
● Playing a single voice
LOWER
LEFT HOLD
LEFT
● Playing two voices in a layer
RIGHT1
RIGHT2
RIGHT3
UPPER
LOWER
LEFT HOLD
LEFT
RIGHT3
VOICE RIGHT1
VOICE RIGHT1 + RIGHT2
LEFT
RIGHT1
RIGHT3
UPPER
LOWER
LEFT HOLD
LEFT
RIGHT3
UPPER
RIGHT2
RIGHT3
UPPER
Split Point........... The point on the keyboard that separates the
left-hand section and the right-hand section.
LOWER
LEFT HOLD
LEFT
PART ON / OFF
Chord section for
style playback
RIGHT2
VOICE RIGHT1 + RIGHT2 + RIGHT3
VOICE LEFT
● When [ACMP] (style playback) is turned on:
RIGHT1
RIGHT1
PART ON / OFF
ACMP
LEFT
UPPER
● Playing separate voices with the right and left hands
RIGHT2
VOICE RIGHT1 + RIGHT2 + RIGHT3
LEFT HOLD
RIGHT2
PART ON / OFF
PART ON / OFF
LOWER
RIGHT1
PART ON / OFF
● Playing three voices in a layer
LOWER
LEFT HOLD
VOICE RIGHT 1 - 3
Split Point ........... The point on the keyboard that separates
the chord section and the right-hand section.
RIGHT1
RIGHT2
RIGHT3
UPPER
PART ON / OFF
VOICE RIGHT 1 - 3
Chord section +
VOICE LEFT
Split Point
When the Split Point for the Chord section and the
Split Point for the Voice are set to different points
(notes):
Chord section for
style playback
VOICE LEFT
Split Point for the Chord section
VOICE RIGHT 1 - 3
Split Point for the Voice
Synchro Start On/Off
The convenient Synchro Start function lets you start style or song playback by simply playing a key on the keyboard. Naturally,
it should be set to on (standby) when you want to use it.
● Synchro Start — Style Playback (page 32)
SYNC
START
Turn it on or off by pressing the [SYNC START] button in the STYLE CONTROL section. When Synchro Start is
on, style playback behaves in two different ways, depending on the [ACMP] button status:
• When [ACMP] is off —
Only the Rhythm part (channel) of the selected style starts as soon as you play any key on the keyboard.
• When [ACMP] is on —
All parts of the selected style start as soon as you play a key/chord in the Chord section of the keyboard.
(Playing in any other section does not start the style.)
● Synchro Start — Song Playback
To turn Synchro Start on or off, simultaneously hold down the [TOP] button and press the [START/STOP] button
in the SONG CONTROL section. When Synchro Start is on, the song starts from the current position as soon as
you play the keyboard.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
NG
START/
STOP
SYNC START
72
74
TOP
Basic Operations — Organizing Your Data
Function Tree
● Button/Controller ............Indicates the Button/Controller that you should use at first for entering the corresponding function. Numbers at the left end correspond to the ones in “Top panel & connections” on page 16.
● LCD title ...........................This appears at the top of the LCD display called up by operating the Button/Controller. “---” indicates
that no LCD display is called up by operating the Button/Controller.
● Function............................Describes the function that can be executed on the LCD display called up by operating the Button/Controller. Describes the function of the Button/Controller itself if the LCD title is “---.”
Button/Controller
Function
Page
q
w
e
POWER ON/OFF switch
---
Turning the POWER on or off
22, 24
MASTER VOLUME control
---
Adjusting the overall volume
22
INPUT VOLUME control
---
Adjusting the microphone sound volume
46, 130
r
MIC buttons
Turning Vocal Harmony on or off
Calling up the Talk Settings related to the microphone sound
Turning the effect for the microphone sound on or off
Selecting/producing the Vocal Harmony effect
47, 130
132
130
47, 130
[VOCAL HARMONY] button
[TALK] button
[EFFECT] button
[VH TYPE SELECT] button
[MIC SETTING] button
LCD title
------VOCAL HARMONY TYPE
MICROPHONE SETTING
OVERALL SETTING
TALK SETTING
t
[SP1] - [SP4] buttons
---
[LOOP] button
[REC] button
[TOP] button
[START/STOP] button
[REW] button
[FF] button
--(Pop-up window)
----(Pop-up window)
(Pop-up window)
FADE IN/OUT buttons
u
SONG buttons
i
STYLE buttons
--SONG
[POP & ROCK] - [WORLD] button
STYLE
[PRESET] button
STYLE
[USER/DISK] button
STYLE
132
Entering Song Position Markers to the selected song and executing jumps
among the Markers.
Turning looped playback (between Markers) on or off
Recording a song
Going directly to the top measure of the selected song
Starting/stopping playback or recording of the selected song
Fast reverse of the song playback position
Fast forward of the song playback position
44, 91
44, 91
54
43
43
43, 91
43, 91
Producing smooth fade-ins and fade-outs when starting and stopping the
style/song
109
The Open/Save display for songs
43, 66
The Open/Save display for styles
32, 66
The Open/Save display of the category (path) that corresponds to the
selected button
Enabling selection of the style categories from the [POP & ROCK] [WORLD] buttons, as printed on the panel
Enabling selection of custom-entered categories from the [POP & ROCK]
- [WORLD] buttons, as saved by user
37, 111
37, 111
37, 111
STYLE CONTROL buttons
[ACMP] button
[OTS LINK] button
[AUTO FILL IN] button
[INTRO] buttons
[MAIN VARIATION] buttons
[BREAK] button
[ENDING/rit.] button
[SYNC STOP] button
[SYNC START] button
[START/STOP] button
---------------------
Turning ACMP (Auto Accompaniment ) on or off
Turning the OTS Link function on or off
Turning the Auto Fill in on or off
Playing the Intro sections of the selected style
Playing the Main sections of the selected style
Playing the Break sections of the selected style
Playing the Ending sections of the selected style
Turning Sync Stop on or off
Turning Sync Start on or off
Starting/stopping style playback
32
110
35
34
34
34
34
110
32, 110
33
!0
!1
!2
!3
METRONOME button
---
Starting/stopping the Metronome
156
TAP TEMPO button
---
Tapping out the tempo of the style playback
109
TEMPO button
(Pop-up window)
Changing the tempo of the Style/Multi Pad/Song playback
109
TRANSPOSE button
(Pop-up window)
Transposing the pitch up or down
82
!4
MULTI PAD CONTROL buttons
-----
Playing the Multi Pads
Stopping the Multi Pad playback
38, 124
38, 124
[1] - [4] buttons
[STOP] button
73
132
SONG CONTROL buttons
y
o
Setting microphone relataed parameters such as EQ, Noise Gate, and
Compressor
Setting the Talk Setting related parameters
TYROS Owner’s Manual
75
Basic Operations — Organizing Your Data
Function Tree
!5
Button/Controller
LCD title
MIXING CONSOLE button
MIXING CONSOLE
VOL/VOICE
FILTER
TUNE
EFFECT
EQ
CMP
LINE OUT
Function
Page
134
Adjusting the volume and pan for each part and setting the Song Auto
Revoice
Adjusting the Harmonic content and Brightness for each part
Adjusting the pitch related parameters for each part including the transpose setting
Adjusting the effect depth for each part and setting the Effect type/parameter for each block
Selecting/producing a Master EQ type and adjusting the EQ gain for each
part
Selecting/producing a Master compressor type
Line out settings for each part and for each instrument (key) of the drum
voice
135
135
135
136
139
140
140
!6
BALANCE button
(Pop-up window)
Adjusting the volume balance among parts
36, 45
!7
CHANNEL ON/OFF button
(Pop-up window)
Turning each channel (part) of the selected song/style playback on or off
37, 45
!8
REGISTRATION MEMORY buttons
REGISTRATION BANK
----REGISTRATION MEMORY
CONTENTS
Open/Save display for Registration Memory Banks
Turning the Freeze function on or off
Recalling various panel settings
Memorizing various panel settings to Registration Memory/One Touch
Setting
52
128
51
[REGIST BANK] button
[FREEZE] button
[1] - [8] buttons
[MEMORY] button
51
!9
DEMO button
DEMO
Demo song selection/playback
24
@0
HELP button
HELP
Viewing explanations of the TYROS features and selecting the language
for the display messages
61
@1
FUNCTION button
MASTER TUNE/SCALE TUNE
MASTER TUNE
SCALE TUNE
SONG SETTING
STYLE SETTING/SPLIT POINT/
CHORD FINGERING
STYLE SETTING/
SPLIT POINT
CHORD FINGERING
CONTROLLER
FOOT PEDAL
KEYBOARD/PANEL
REGIST. SEQUENCE/
FREEZE/VOICE SET
REGISTRATION
SEQUENCE
FREEZE
VOICE SET
HARMONY/ECHO
VIDEO OUT
MIDI
SYSTEM
TRANSMIT
RECEIVE
ROOT
CHORD DETECT
MFC10
UTILITY
CONFIG 1
CONFIG 2
DISK
OWNER
SYSTEM RESET
TYROS Owner’s Manual
150
150
Setting the style playback related parameters, such as Split Point settings
112
Selecting the way in which chords are played with your left hand
108
Assigning the foot pedal function
Setting the keyboard related parameters, such as Initial Touch and Aftertouch
Setting the Registration Memory Sequence
Specifying which settings are affected by the Freeze function
Determining whether the preset settings are recalled or not when a new
voice is selected
Selecting a Harmony/Echo type and setting related parameters
Setting the display characteristics that are output to a television or video
monitor connected to the [VIDEO OUT] jack
Selecting a MIDI template
MIDI system-related parameter settings
MIDI transmit channel settings
MIDI receive channel settings
MIDI chord root settings that determines whether or not the TYROS recognizes the received note event as the chord root for the style playback
MIDI chord root settings that determines whether or not the TYROS recognizes the received note event as the chord type for the style playback
Setting the parameters related to a connected optional MFC10
Setting various parameters such as the Fade In/Out and the metronome
Setting the parameter that determines whether the voice program change
number will be indicated on the Open/Save display for voices and the
parameter that determines whether the optionally installed speaker will
sound or not.
Executing the disk related operations such as the Disk copy function and
format
Executing operations such as registering your name to the TYROS
Resetting the internal Flash ROM to the Factory Set
92
152
154
128
128
151
39, 154
151
144
146
146
147
148
148
148
156
156
156
158
158
74
76
Setting the overall pitch of the TYROS
Tuning each individual note of the octave
Setting the song playback related parameters, such as Guide function settings
Basic Operations — Organizing Your Data
Function Tree
@2
Button/Controller
LCD title
Function
Page
SOUND CREATOR button
SOUND CREATOR
Creating a User Voice
83, 85
COMMON
CONTROLLER
SOUND
EFFECT/EQ
HARMONY
@3
DIGITAL RECORDING button
SONG CREATOR
REC MODE
CHANNEL
CHD
1-16
SYS/EX.
LYRICS
STYLE CREATOR
BASIC
ASSEMBLY
GROOVE
CHANNEL
PARAMETER
EDIT
@4
PROGRAMMABLE MUSIC FINDER button
@5
PROGRAMMABLE ONE TOUCH SETTING
buttons
[1] - [4]
Creating a User Song
86
86
87
87
87
94
Setting parameters that determine how recording starts and stops, such
as Punch In/Out settings
Editing recorded song data for each part (channel)
Recording Chord data for the style playback using the Event List
Recording MIDI events for each channel using the Event List
Recording System Exclusive Messages using the Event List
Recording Lyrics data using the Event List
Creating a User Style
Setting basic parameters such as beat, pattern length, section/part (channel) to be recorded
Assembling an orignal style by combining existing rhythm patters from
other styles
Altering the timing for each section, velocity of notes for each channel
Editing recorded style data for each part (channel)
Editing various parameters related to the Style File Format
Recording MIDI events for each channel using the Event List
95
96
98
100
106
106
114
116
118
118
120
120
117
MULTI PAD CREATOR
RECORD
EDIT
Creating a User Multi Pad
Turning Repeat and Chord Match on or off, and recording a Multi Pad
Recording MIDI events for each pad using the Event List
MUSIC FINDER
Selecting/Editing /Searching a Record of the Music Finder
40, 126
Calling up various panel settings that match the selected style
36, 110
Open/Save display for voices
26, 66
---
124
124
125
@6
VOICE buttons
@7
PART SELECT buttons
---
Selecting a keyboard part from among four parts (RIGHT 1, 2, 3, LEFT)
@8
PART ON/OFF buttons
---
Turning each keyboard part (RIGHT 1, 2, 3, LEFT) on or off
74, 78
@9
VOICE EFFECT buttons
-------------
Turning Harmony/Echo on or off
Turning Initial Touch on or off
Turning Sustain on or off
Setting the selected keyboard part to Poly or Mono
Setting the DSP effect of the selected keyboard part to on or off
Setting the DSP effect variations of the selected keyboard part to on or off
39, 154
39, 81
39, 81
39, 81
39, 81
39, 81
[HARMONY/ECHO] button
[INITIAL TOUCH] button
[SUSTAIN] button
[POLY/MONO] button
[DSP] button
[DSP VARIATION] button
75
Setting values of various parameters called up when a User Voice is
selected
Setting values of parameters related to the Modulation Wheel and Aftertouch for a User Voice
Setting values of important sound-shaping parameters, such as Filter and
EQ
Setting parameters of the Effect/EQ type called up when a User voice is
selected
Setting values of harmony related parameters called up when a User
voice is selected
VOICE
78
#0
UPPER OCTAVE buttons
---
Transposing Upper parts (RIGHT1 - 3) up or down by one octave
28
#1
GUIDE button
---
Turning the Guide function on or off
48
#2
PITCH BEND wheel
---
Bending notes played on the keyboard up or down
82
#3
MODULATION wheel
---
Applying a vibrato effect to notes played on the keyboard
82
TYROS Owner’s Manual
77
Reference
Voices
Voices and Keyboard Parts
As you know by now, the TYROS has a wide variety of musical instrument sounds, referred to as “voices.” And, as shown on
page 74, the TYROS allows you to independently select and play up to four voice parts at the same time in a number of ways.
Any voice can be assigned to any part. Since there are four different parts, be careful to confirm which parts are selected, and
make sure not to confuse one part for another as you select voices for them.
See below for details on confirming the currently selected part, and instructions on selecting parts.
If you want to turn only a specified part
on, press the corresponding LCD button
from the Main display.
You can confirm the currently selected part by checking which
lamp of the [PART SELECT] buttons lights. To select the
desired keyboard part, press the corresponding part button.
PART SELECT
F
LOWER
LEFT HOLD
LEFT
RIGHT1
RIGHT2
RIGHT3
G
UPPER
H
I
PART ON/ OFF
Lower section of
the keyboard
J
Upper section of
the keyboard
PART SELECT
Split Point
LOWER
LEFT HOLD
LEFT
RIGHT1
RIGHT2
RIGHT3
UPPER
PART ON/ OFF
■ Note names of the keyboard ...............................................................................................
Each key has a note name; for example, the lowest (farthest left) key on the keyboard corresponds to C1
and the highest (farthest right) key to C6.
C#1 D#1
F#1 G#1 A#1
C1 D1 E1 F1 G1 A1 B1
C1 - B1
C2 - B2
C3 - B3
C4 - B4
C5 - B5
C6
■ Left Hold ......................................................................................................................................
PART SELECT
LOWER
LEFT HOLD
LEFT
RIGHT1
RIGHT2
RIGHT3
UPPER
PART ON/ OFF
This function causes the LEFT part voice to be held even when the keys are released. Non-decaying
voices such as strings are held continuously, while decay-type voices such as piano decay more slowly
(as if the sustain pedal has been pressed). This function is especially effective when used with style
playback. For example, if you play and release a chord in the Chord section of the keyboard (with the
Left part on and the Left voice set to Strings), the strings part sustains, adding a natural richness to the
overall accompaniment sound.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
76
78
Reference
Voices
Voice Types
VOICE
PIANO
STRINGS
TRUMPET
GUITAR
ORGAN
FLUTES
ACCORDION
Organ Flutes
Voices
E.PIANO
CHOIR
SAXOPHONE
BASS
PAD
Preset Voices
CUSTOM
VOICE
Custom Voices
ORGAN
FLUTE /
CLARINET
BRASS
PERC. /
DRUM KIT
SYNTH
USER
The [USER] button lets you directly
access those voices saved to drives other
than the Preset drive. Press this button
and the voice last selected from the User
drive or disk drive will be called up, along
with the appropriate Open/Save display.
Percussion/Drum Voices
The buttons of the VOICE section (excepting USER) are used to call up the relevant voice selection (Open/Save) display for the
Preset drive. Pressing one of the buttons calls up the voice selection display corresponding to the selected category, and the last
selected voice in the category is automatically called up. Five of these voice categories (below) are slightly different from the
others and deserve special explanation.
■ Organ Flutes Voices ............................................................................................
Press the [ORGAN FLUTES] button to call up the Open/Save display for selecting among
the special organ voices. You can also use the Sound Creator features to create your own
original organ sounds.
Just as on a traditional organ, you can create your own sounds by adjusting the levels of
the flute footages.
■ Percussion/Drum Kit Voices ............................................................................
When one of the Drum Kit or SFX Kit voices in the [PERC./DRUM] group is selected,
you can play various drums and percussion instruments or SFX (sound effects) sounds on
the keyboard. The drum and percussion instruments played by the various keys are
marked by symbols below the keys. Some of the instruments in the different drum kit
voices sound different even though they have the same name, while others are essentially
the same.
See the separate Data List for a complete listing of the Drum Kit and SFX Kit assignments.
• The Transpose functions (page
82) do not affect the Drum Kit or
SFX Kit voices.
Br
us
Br h T
us ap
h
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When “Standard Kit 1” is selected:
C2
C3
C4
C5
C6
Se
q
Br Br u Cli
us sh ck
H
h
Ta Sw
Sn p S ir l
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Sn re ir l
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Fl re re
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R ine igh H
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Sp ym ym
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id ym ba
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C ba l
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■ GM&XG Voices and GM2 Voices ....................................................................
You can select the GM/XG/GM2 voices (page 8) directly via panel operations. Press one
of the VOICE buttons to call up the Open/Save display for voices, then press the [UP]
LCD button (lower [8] buttons) and call up the P2 page containing the “GM&XG” folder
and the “GM2” folder.
■ Custom Voices ......................................................................................................
77
Normally, data cannot be stored to the Preset drive; however, voice data created with the
Voice Editor software (pages 59, 85) can be saved to the Preset drive as Custom Voice
data. Custom Voices saved to the Preset drive can be called up via the [CUSTOM VOICE]
button.
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Reference
Voices
■ Mega Voices ........................................................................................................................................................
These specially programmed voices are not indicated among the VOICE buttons on the panel. In fact, they are not even
intended to be played from the TYROS keyboard. The Mega voices are primarily designed for use with recorded MIDI
sequence data (such as songs and styles). Some of the guitar and bass voices in particular have been created as Mega
voices for the TYROS, and are easily distinguished from the normal voices by their icons in the Open/Save displays.
What makes Mega voices special is their use of velocity switching. Normal voices use velocity switching, too — to make
the sound quality and/or level of a voice according to how strongly or softly you play it. This makes the TYROS voices
sound authentic and natural. However, with Mega voices, each velocity range (the measure of your playing strength) has
a completely different sound.
For example, a Mega guitar voice includes the sounds of various performance techniques (as shown below). In conventional instruments, different voices having those sounds would be called up via MIDI and played in combination to achieve
the desired effect. However, now with Mega voices, a convincing guitar part can be played with just a single voice, using
specific velocity values to play the desired sounds.
Because of the complex nature of these voices and the precise velocities need to play the sounds, they’re not intended for
playing from the keyboard. They are, however, very useful and convenient when creating MIDI data — especially when
you want to avoid using several different voices just for a single instrument part.
●Example Mega Voice — Guitar
The sounds of various guitar performance techniques are independently assigned to different velocity and note ranges.
Velocity
127
Harmonics
105
Slide
90
Hammer-on notes
75
Muted
Strumming
60
Fret
Noise
“Dead” notes
45
Open (hard)
30
Open (mid)
15
Open (soft)
0
C-2
C-1
C0
C1
C2
C3
C4
C5
C6
C7
C8
Sound maps for the TYROS’ Mega voices (like the one above) are given in the separate Data List booklet. Take full
advantage of the Mega voices and refer to these maps when creating MIDI sequence data for songs, styles, and Multi Pads.
Since the Mega voices are fundamentally different from the other voices of the TYROS, you should keep in mind the following points and precautions when working with them.
Unexpected or undesired sounds may result depend- Unexpected or undesired sounds may result
depending on the settings below, when editing or
ing on the settings or conditions below:
creating data for songs, styles, and Multi Pads:
• Initial Touch setting in the [FUNCTION] → CON• When selecting a Mega voice from the Revoice
TROLLER → KEYBOARD/PANEL display (page
display of a style (page 37).
154)
• When changing the velocity values of several
• Harmony/Echo settings in the [FUNCTION] →
notes at once in the Event List displays of
HARMONY/ECHO display (page 154)
song, style, or Multi Pad (page 100).
• Touch sensitivity-related settings in the Sound
• When changing the velocity values of several
Creator (page 86)
notes at once with the Velocity Change function
• Playing keys in the left-hand Chord sections when
(page 120) and the Dynamics function (page
Stop Accompaniment (page 112) is set to
118) in the Style Creator function.
“STYLE.”
• When changing the note numbers of several
specified channels at once with the Channel
Transpose function (page 97) in the Song Creator function.
Mega voices are unique to the TYROS
and are not compatible with other models. Any song/style/Multi Pad data
you’ve created on the TYROS using the
Mega voices will not sound properly
when played back on other instruments.
Maximum Polyphony
The TYROS features a maximum polyphony of 128 notes. Since style playback uses a number of the
available notes, the full 128 notes will not be available on the keyboard when a style is played back.
The same applies to the Voice RIGHT1, RIGHT2, RIGHT3, LEFT, Multi Pad, and Song functions.
When the maximum polyphony is exceeded, notes are played using last-note priority.
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Reference
Voices
Voice Effects
Quick Guide on page 39
VOICE EFFECT
HARMONY/
ECHO
INITIAL
TOUCH
SUSTAIN
POLY/
MONO
DSP
DSP
VARIATION
These buttons turn the corresponding effects on or
off for the currently selected part (page 78).
This button turns the Sustain effect on or off for the RIGHT1 - 3 parts.
This button turns the Initial Touch on or off for the keyboard parts
specified from the [FUNCTION] → CONTROLLER → PANEL
CONTROLLER display (page 154).
This button turns the Harmony/Echo effect on or off for any of the RIGHT1 3 parts. You can specify the keyboard parts to which this effect is applied
from the [FUNCTION] → HARMONY/ECHO display (page 154).
■ Harmony/Echo ...............................................................................................................................
See page 39 in “Quick Guide” and page 154 in “Reference.”
■ Initial Touch .....................................................................................................................................
The keyboard of the TYROS is equipped with a touch response feature that lets you dynamically and expressively control the level of the voices with your playing strength — just as on an acoustic instrument. There
are two types of touch response on the TYROS keyboard (described below): Initial Touch and Aftertouch.
Initial Touch can be turned on or off from the panel.
Two types of touch response equipped with the keyboard of the TYROS
● Initial Touch
With this function, the TYROS senses how strongly or softly you play the keys, and uses that playing
strength to affect the sound in various ways, depending on the selected voice. This allows you to play
with greater expressiveness and add effects with your playing technique.
You can set the keyboard parts to which Initial Touch is applied from the [FUNCTION] → CONTROLLER → PANEL CONTROLLER display (page 154).
● Aftertouch
With this function, the TYROS senses how much pressure you apply to the keys while playing, and
uses that pressure to affect the sound in various ways, depending on the selected voice. This also
gives you more expressive control over the sound and effects.
You can set the keyboard parts to which Aftertouch is applied from the [FUNCTION] → CONTROLLER → PANEL CONTROLLER display (page 154).
The default settings for Aftertouch and how it affects a voice can be changed from the Sound Creator
function (page 85) and saved along with a User voice.
■ Sustain ..............................................................................................................................................
When this feature is ON, all notes played on the upper section of the keyboard (RIGHT1 - 3 parts) have a
longer sustain. The Sustain level for each voice can be adjusted via the Sound Creator function (page 85)
and can be saved as a User voice.
■ Poly/Mono ........................................................................................................................................
This determines whether the part’s voice is played monophonically (only one note at a time) or polyphonically. When this is set to “MONO,” the Portamento effect can be controlled (depending on the selected
voice) by playing legato.
The Poly/Mono setting and the degree of the Portamento effect (Portamento Time) are pre-programed for
each voice. These can be changed via the Sound Creator function (page 86) and saved as a User voice.
Portamento Time can also be adjusted from the Mixing Console (page 134).
■ DSP and DSP Variation ...............................................................................................................
79
With the digital effects built into the TYROS you can add ambience and depth to your music in a variety of
ways — such as adding reverb that makes you sound like you are playing in a concert hall.
• The [DSP] button turns the DSP (Digital Signal Processor) effect on or off for the currently selected
keyboard part.
• The [DSP VARIATION] button lets you switch between two variations of the DSP effect. You
could use this while you play, for example, to change the rotating speed (slow/fast) of the rotary
speaker effect.
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Reference
Voices
Changing Pitch on the TYROS
The TYROS has a variety of pitch-related controls and functions, as described below.
■ PITCH BEND Wheel ............................................................................................................
Use the TYROS PITCH BEND wheel to bend notes up (roll the wheel away from you) or down (roll
the wheel toward you) while playing the keyboard. The Pitch Bend is applied to all the keyboard
parts (RIGHT1 - 3 and LEFT). The PITCH BEND wheel is self-centering and will automatically
return to normal pitch when released.
PITCH BEND
• The maximum pitch bend range
can be changed on the MIXING
CONSOLE display (page 135).
• If the Pitch Bend range is set to
more than 1200 cents (1 octave)
via MIDI, the pitch of some voices
may not be raised or lowered completely.
UP
DOWN
■ MODULATION Wheel .........................................................................................................
The Modulation function applies a vibrato effect to notes played on the keyboard. This is applied to
all the keyboard parts (RIGHT1 - 3 and LEFT).
Moving the MODULATION wheel down (towards MIN) decreases the depth of the effect, while
moving it up (towards MAX) increases it.
MODULATION
MAX
• To avoid accidently applying modulation, make sure the MODULATION Wheel is set at MIN before
you start playing.
• The MODULATION Wheel can be
set to control a different parameter
other than vibrato (page 86).
MIN
■ Transpose ..............................................................................................................................
With this function, you can transpose the pitch of the TYROS up or down over a range of ±2 octaves
in semitone steps. Three transposing methods (Keyboard, Song, and Master) are available; select the
desired method in the [FUNCTION] → CONTROLLER → KEYBOARD/PANEL display (page
154), then use the [TRANSPOSE] buttons to change the value.
TRANSPOSE
RESET
● Keyboard Transpose
The [TRANSPOSE] buttons affect the pitch of the keyboard sound, the style playback pitch, and
the pitch of the Multi Pads for which Chord Match has been set to on. Note that the transposition
is applied from the next note (or style chord) played, after one of the [TRANSPOSE] buttons has
been pressed.
● Song Transpose
The [TRANSPOSE] buttons affect only song playback.
Note that the transposition is applied from the next note of song playback after one of the
[TRANSPOSE] buttons has been pressed.
● Master Transpose
The [TRANSPOSE] buttons affect the overall pitch of the TYROS.
Normal pitch (transpose value of “0”) can be recalled at any time by pressing both the [+] and [–]
buttons simultaneously.
The transposition can be adjusted from the Mixing Console display (page 135).
■ Upper Octave....................................................................................................
UPPER OCTAVE
RESET
See page 28 in “Quick Guide.”
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82
Reference
Organ Flutes (Sound Creator)
Quick Guide on page 29
The TYROS features a variety of lush, dynamic organ voices that you can call up with the [ORGAN FLUTES] button.
It also gives you the tools to create your own original organ sounds by using the Sound Creator (called up with the
[SOUND CREATOR] button).
Just as on a traditional organ, you can create your own sounds by adjusting the levels of the flute footages.
Basic Procedure (Organ Flutes)
1
ORGAN
FLUTES
Press the [ORGAN FLUTES] button to call up the Open/Save display for organ voices.
3
BACK
2
Select the desired menu
with the [BACK]/[NEXT]
buttons and set the
appropriate parameters.
NEXT
MENU
FUNCTION
SOUND
CREATOR
4
Press the [SAVE] LCD
button to call up the
Open/Save display of
the User drive and save
the settings here as a
User voice to the drive.
For details, see page 69.
Press the [SOUND
CREATOR] button to
call up the Sound Creator display.
The [1] LCD buttons are used to
adjust either the 16’ or 5-1/3’
footages. Select the desired
footage here, then adjust it with
the [1] LCD buttons.
Adjust the footage.
If you select another voice without saving the settings, the settings will be lost. If you wish to store
the settings here, make sure to save the settings
as a User Voice before selecting another voice or
turning the power off.
Sound Creator Parameters (Organ Flutes Voices)
The Organ Flutes parameters are organized into three different pages, and can be set as described in step #3 of
the “Basic Procedure” above. These can also be programmed as part of the Voice Set parameters (page 151),
to be automatically called up when the voice is selected.
81
■ FOOTAGE
ORGAN TYPE
This LCD button specifies the type of organ tone generation to be simulated: Sine or Vintage.
ROTARY SP SPEED
This LCD button alternately switches between the slow and fast rotary speaker speeds
when a rotary speaker effect is selected for the Organ Flutes (see “DSP Type” below), and
the VOICE EFFECT [DSP] button is turned on (this LCD button has the same effect as the
VOICE EFFECT [VARIATION] button).
VIBRATO ON/OFF
This LCD button alternately turns the vibrato effect for the Organ Flutes voice ON or OFF.
VIBRATO DEPTH
This LCD button sets the Vibrato depth to one of three levels: 1 (low), 2 (mid), or 3 (high).
16' - 1' (Footage)
These LCD buttons determine the basic sound of the organ flutes. The term “footage” is a
reference to the sound generation of traditional pipe organs, in which the sound is produced
by pipes of different lengths (in feet). The longer the pipe, the lower the pitch of the sound.
Hence, the 16' setting determines the lowest pitched component of the voice, while the 1'
setting determines the highest pitched component. The higher the value of the setting, the
greater the volume of the corresponding footage. Mixing various volumes of the footages
lets you create your own distinctive organ sounds.
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Reference
Organ Flutes (Sound Creator)
■ VOL/ATTACK
VOL (Volume)
Adjusts the overall volume of the Organ Flutes. The longer the graphic bar, the greater the
volume.
RESP (Response)
Affects both the attack and release (page 87) portion of the sound, increasing or decreasing
the response time of the initial swell and release, based on the FOOTAGE controls. The
higher the value, the slower the swell and release.
VIBRATO SPEED
Determines the speed of the vibrato effect controlled by the Vibrato On/Off and Vibrato
Depth above.
MODE
The MODE control selects between two modes: FIRST and EACH. In the FIRST mode,
attack is applied only to the first notes played and held simultaneously; while the first notes
are held, any subsequently played notes have no attack applied. In the EACH mode, attack
is applied equally to all notes.
4', 2 2/3', 2'
These determine the attack sound volume of the ORGAN FLUTE voice. The 4', 2 2/3' and
2' controls increase or reduce the volume of attack sound at the corresponding footages.
The longer the graphic bar, the greater the attack sound volume.
LENG (Length)
Affects the attack portion of the sound producing a longer or shorter decay immediately
after the initial attack. The longer the graphic bar, the longer the decay.
■ EFFECT/EQ
See “Effect” on page 136.
CHORUS DEPTH
See “Effect” on page 136.
DSP DEPTH
See “Effect” on page 136.
DSP ON/OFF
See “Effect” on page 136.
DSP TYPE
Determines the DSP effect type to be applied to the Organ Flutes voice by selecting a
Category and a type. If any other effect type than “Rotary Speaker” is selected, the [ROTARY SP SPEED] LCD button in the FOOTAGE page will not control rotary speaker speed.
Instead, it will have the same effect as the VOICE EFFECT [DSP VARIATION] button.
VARIATION
ON/OFF
Turns the DSP Variation on or off for the selected organ voice.
PARAMETER
Indicates the parameter to which the variation is applied depending on the selected
DSP type.
VALUE
Adjusts the degree of the DSP variation parameter.
EQ LOW/HIGH
These determine the Frequency and Gain of the Low and High EQ bands.
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84
REVERB DEPTH
Reference
Voice Creating (Sound Creator)
The TYROS has a Sound Creator feature that allows you to create your own voices by editing some parameters of
the existing voices. Once you’ve created a voice, you can save it as a User voice to the User drive or Disk drive for
future recall.
User Voices and Custom Voices
On the TYROS, you can create your own original voices (by editing the built-in Preset voices) in one
of two ways. This section shows you how to create voices with the Sound Creator function.
For instructions on using the Voice
Editor, refer to the documentation on
the included CD-ROM.
● Custom Voices created
via the Voice Editor software on a computer
Save to the Preset drive
VOICE
● User Voices created via the
Sound Creator function on
the TYROS
PIANO
STRINGS
TRUMPET
GUITAR
E.PIANO
CHOIR
SAXOPHONE
ORGAN
BRASS
FLUTE /
CLARINET
ACCORDION
ORGAN
FLUTES
BASS
PAD
CUSTOM
VOICE
PERC. /
DRUM KIT
SYNTH
USER
SOUND
CREATOR
Save to the User/Disk drive
Basic Procedure (Sound Creator)
1
Select the desired voice (other than an
Organ Flutes voice).
VOICE
PIANO
STRINGS
TRUMPET
E.PIANO
CHOIR
SAXOPHONE
ORGAN
BRASS
FLUTE /
CLARINET
GUITAR
ACCORDION
ORGAN
FLUTES
BASS
PAD
CUSTOM
VOICE
PERC. /
DRUM KIT
SYNTH
USER
• User voices can also be created
by editing Custom voices (created
on a computer). You can also edit
any previously created User voice
to make a new voice.
Select the desired menu
with the [BACK]/[NEXT]
buttons and set the
appropriate parameters.
3
BACK
2
NEXT
MENU
FUNCTION
SOUND
CREATOR
4
Press the [SOUND
CREATOR] button to
call up the Sound Creator display.
Press the [SAVE] LCD
button to call up the
Open/Save display of
the User drive and save
the settings here as a
User voice to the drive.
For details, see page
69.
You can compare the sound of
the original (unedited) voice
with the edited voice.
83
If you select another voice without saving the settings, the settings will be lost. If you wish to store the
settings here, make sure to save the settings as a
User Voice before selecting another voice or turning
the power off.
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Reference
Voice Creating (Sound Creator)
Sound Creator Parameters (Normal Voices)
The Sound Creator parameters are organized into five different pages, and can be set as described in step #3 of the
“Basic Procedure” above. These can also be programmed as part of the Voice Set parameters (page 151), to be
automatically called up when the voice is selected.
Keep in mind that these parameters do not apply to the Organ Flutes voices, which have their own set of parameters
(page 83).
■ COMMON
VOLUME
Determines the volume of the current edited voice.
TOUCH SENSE
Determines the touch sensitivity, or how greatly the volume responds to your playing strength. A setting of “0” produces more extreme drops in level, the more softly
you play, while a setting of “64” is normal response, and “127” produces high volume for any playing strength (fixed).
OCTAVE
Shifts the octave range of the edited voice up or down in octaves. When the edited
voice is used as any of the RIGHT1 - 3 parts, the R1/R2/R3 parameter is available;
when the edited voice is used as the LEFT part, the LEFT parameter is available.
MONO/POLY
Determines whether the edited voice is played monophonically or polyphonically
(page 81).
PORTAMENTO TIME
Sets the portamento time when the edited voice is set to “MONO” above.
■ CONTROLLER
● MODULATION
The Modulation Wheel can be used to modulate the parameters below as well as the pitch (vibrato).
Here, you can set the degree to which the Modulation wheel modulates each of the following parameters.
FILTER
Determines the degree to which the Modulation Wheel modulates the Filter Cutoff
Frequency. See next page for details about Filter.
AMPLITUDE
Determines the degree to which the Modulation Wheel modulates the amplitude
(volume).
LFO PMOD
Determines the degree to which the Modulation Wheel modulates the pitch, or the
vibrato effect.
LFO FMOD
Determines the degree to which the Modulation Wheel modulates the Filter modulation, or the wah effect.
LFO AMOD
Determines the degree to which the Modulation Wheel modulates the amplitude, or
the tremolo effect.
● AFTERTOUCH
Aftertouch can be used to modulate the parameters below. Here, you can set the degree to which
Aftertouch modulates each of the following parameters.
Determines the degree to which Aftertouch modulates the Filter Cutoff Frequency.
See next page for details about Filter.
AMPLITUDE
Determines the degree to which Aftertouch modulates the amplitude (volume).
LFO PMOD
Determines the degree to which Aftertouch modulates the pitch, or the vibrato effect.
LFO FMOD
Determines the degree to which Aftertouch modulates the Filter modulation, or the
wah effect.
LFO AMOD
Determines the degree to which Aftertouch modulates the amplitude, or the tremolo
effect.
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86
FILTER
Reference
Voice Creating (Sound Creator)
■ SOUND
● FILTER
Filter is a processor that changes the timbre or tone of a sound by either blocking or passing a specific
frequency range. The parameters below determine the overall timbre of the sound by boosting or cutting a
certain frequency range. In addition to making the sound either brighter or more mellow, Filter can be used
to produce electronic, synthesizer-like effects.
BRIGHTNESS
Determines the cutoff frequency or effective frequency range of the filter (see diagram).
Higher values result in a brighter sound.
Determines the emphasis given to the cutoff frequency (resonance), set in BRIGHTNESS
above (see diagram). Higher values result in a more pronounced effect.
Volume
Volume
Cutoff Frequency
Resonance
HARMONIC CONTENT
These frequencies are
“passed” by the filter.
Cutoff range
Frequency
(pitch)
Frequency
(pitch)
● EG (Envelope Generator)
The EG (Envelope Generator) settings determine how the level of the sound changes in time. This lets you
reproduce many sound characteristics of natural acoustic instruments — such as the quick attack and decay
of percussion sounds, or the long release of a sustained piano tone.
ATTACK
Determines how quickly the sound reaches its maximum level after the key is played. The
higher the value, the slower the attack.
DECAY
Determines how quickly the sound reaches its sustain level (a slightly lower level than maximum). The higher the value, the slower the decay.
Determines how quickly the sound decays to silence after the key is released. The higher
the value, the slower the release.
Level
Sustain Level
RELEASE
ATTACK
Key on
DECAY
RELEASE
Time
Key off
● VIBRATO
DEPTH
Determines the intensity of the Vibrato effect (see diagram). Higher settings result in a more
pronounced Vibrato.
SPEED
Determines the speed of the Vibrato effect (see diagram).
Determines the amount of time that elapses between the playing of a key and the start of
the Vibrato effect (see diagram). Higher settings increase the delay of the Vibrato onset.
SPEED
Level
DELAY
DEPTH
DELAY
Time
■ EFFECT/EQ
Same as in “Organ Flutes” on page 84, with the exception of the PANEL SUSTAIN parameter, which
determines the sustain level applied to the edited voice when turning the [SUSTAIN] button in the
VOICE EFFECT section on.
85
■ HARMONY
Same as in the [FUNCTION] → HARMONY/ECHO display. See page 154.
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Reference
Song Playback
Quick Guide on page 43
The song playback features of the TYROS let you play MIDI song (sequence) data. This includes commercially
available song data on floppy disk (GM- or XG-compatible), and performances you’ve recorded yourself with the Song
Recording features (page 54) and saved to one of the drives. In addition, the TYROS can display music notation and
lyrics, and you can use the sophisticated Guide functions to practice the keyboard and your singing as well.
This section explains detailed settings about song playback that are not covered in “Quick Guide.”
Displaying Music Notation
To view the music notation of the selected song, press the [Score] LCD button on the Main display. This lets you
read the music while the song plays back. That’s not all, though; there’s much more you can do:
• Read the score while the song is stopped and practice it on your own.
• Use the notation to practice playing just the melody part, while the accompaniment provides the backing.
Simply turn off the right-hand part (channel) from the display.
• If the song has lyric data, you can read the lyrics from the display and sing along while the song plays.
Connect a microphone and you can even have your voice mixed with the song as it plays.
• With the sophisticated Guide features, you can let the TYROS “teach” you how to play the song properly
— and even how to sing it with the correct pitches.
Basic Procedure (Score)
1
Select a song.
2
Go back to the Main display and
press the [Score] LCD button.
3
As the song plays back, a red “ball”
bounces along through the score,
indicating the current position.
4
Set the parameters of the
view type as required.
5
Set the detailed parameters of the
view type as required.
EXIT
• The displayed notation is generated by the TYROS based on
the song MIDI data. As a result, it may not be exactly the
same as commercially available sheet music of the same
song – especially when displaying notation of complicated
passages or many short notes.
• Some song data has been recorded with special “free tempo”
settings. For such song data, the tempo, beat, measure and
music notation will not be displayed correctly.
• If all of the notes in a certain measure cannot fit in one line,
the measure is extended to the next line.
• The notation functions cannot be used to create song data by
inputting notes. For information on creating song data, see
page 100.
• You can increase the number of measures that will be displayed by decreasing the other items to be displayed (parts,
lyrics, chords, etc.).
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Reference
Song Playback
■ Notation View parameters (Step #4 on the previous page)
LEFT
Enables/disables display of the left-hand key range. Depending on other settings,
this parameter may be unavailable and may appear grayed out. If this is the case,
go to the detailed setting display (described below; step #4 on the previous page)
and set the LEFT CH. parameter below to any channel except “AUTO.” Or, go to
the [FUNCTION] → SONG SETTING display (page 92) and set the LEFT parameter to any channel except “OFF.” RIGHT (next parameter) and LEFT cannot be
turned off at the same time.
RIGHT
Enables/disables display of the right-hand key range. Channel 1 is automatically
selected when the LEFT CH. parameter below is set to any channel except “AUTO”
or [RIGHT] is set to [OFF] from the [FUNCTION] → SONG SETTING display (page
92). RIGHT and LEFT (above) cannot be turned off at the same time.
LYRICS
Enables/disables display of the lyrics. If the selected song does not contain lyric
data, lyrics are not displayed.
CHORD
Enables/disables display of the chords. If the selected song does not contain chord
data, chords are not displayed.
NOTE
Enables/disables display of the note name (pitch). The note name is indicated at
the left of the note. When the space between the notes is too small, the indication
may be moved to the top left of the note.
SIZE
Determines the display resolution (or zoom level) of the notation.
■ Notation View detailed parameters (Step #5 on the previous page)
Determines which MIDI channel in the song data is used for the left-hand/righthand part. This setting returns to AUTO when a different song is selected.
LEFT CH (channel)/RIGHT
CH (channel)
AUTO
The MIDI channels in the song data for the right- and left-hand parts are assigned automatically — setting the parts to the same channel as the channel
which is specified in the [FUNCTION] → SONG SETTING display (page 92).
1-16
Assigns the specified MIDI channel (1 - 16) to each of the left- and right-hand
parts.
OFF (LEFT CH only)
No channel assignment – this disables display of the left-hand key range.
KEY SIGNATURE
This lets you enter key signature changes in the middle of a song, at the stopped
position. This menu is useful when the selected song contains no key signature
settings for displaying notation.
QUANTIZE
This gives you control over the note resolution in the notation, letting you shift or
correct the timing of all displayed notes so that they line up to a particular note
value. Make sure to select the smallest note value which is used in the song.
Selects the type of the note name indicated at the left of the note in the notation
from among the following three types. The settings here are available when the
NOTE parameter above is set to ON.
NOTE NAME
87
COLOR NOTE
A, B, C
Note names are indicated as letters (C, D, E, F, G, A, B).
FIXED DO
Note names are indicated in solfeggio and differ depending on the selected
language (page 61).
English ............ Do Re Mi Fa Sol La Ti
Japanese ..........
German ........... Do Re Mi Fa Sol La Si
French ............. Ut Re Mi Fa Sol La Si
Spanish ........... Do Re Mi Fa Sol La Si
Italian............... Do Re Mi Fa Sol La Si
MOVABLE DO
Note names are indicated in solfeggio according to the scale intervals, and as
such are relative to the key. The root note is indicated as Do. For example, in
the key of G major the root note of Sol would be indicated as Do. As with “Fixed
Do,” the indication differs depending on the selected language.
When this is set to ON, the notes in the display appear in color (C: red, D: yellow,
E: green, F: orange, G: blue, A: purple, and B: white).
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Reference
Song Playback
Displaying Lyrics
If the selected song has lyric data, you can have the lyrics shown in the display by pressing the [Lyrics] LCD button
in the Main display. The Lyrics feature offers a number of useful possibilities:
• The phrases to be sung are highlighted in time with the music, making it easy to follow the words and sing
along with the song. Connect a microphone and you can even have your voice mixed with the song
accompaniment as it plays.
• Connect an external TV monitor to the TYROS, and you can have the lyrics displayed on the TV — for
group sing-alongs and the like. You can even set the TYROS so that the lyrics are shown on the TV monitor
while the LCD of the instrument displays a different operation or function. (Select [FUNCTION] →
VIDEO OUT.)
Basic Procedure (Lyrics)
1
Select a song.
2
Go back to the Main display and
press the [Lyrics] LCD button.
3
As the song plays back, the lyrics are
shown in succession in the LCD display.
EXIT
EXIT
• The language used for lyrics display depends on the particular lyric data. If the lyrics are garbled
or unreadable, you can remedy this by changing the “LYRICS LANGUAGE” setting from the
[FUNCTION] → SONG SETTING display.
• When the background color is specified in the song data, the BACKGROUND setting cannot be
changed.
• If the selected song does not contain lyric data, lyrics are not displayed.
• If the selected song contains chord data, chord names are displayed with the lyrics.
You can change the background picture
of the Lyrics display. Press the [BACKGROUND] LCD button to call up the
Open/Save display for picture files and
select the desired one. Press the [EXIT]
button to return back to the Lyrics display.
Displaying the Lyrics on the external TV monitor
1
2
3
Connect the TV monitor to the VIDEO OUT terminal of the TYROS (page 18).
Turn the TV monitor and the TYROS ON.
Set the SCREEN CONTENT parameter to “LYRICS” on the [FUNCTION] →
VIDEO OUT display (page 151).
Television
4
Play the song by following the Basic Procedure (Lyrics) above.
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When the SCREEN CONTENT parameter is set to “LYRICS,” only the lyrics of the
song are output via VIDEO OUT, regardless of the display that is called up on the
instrument itself. This lets you select other
displays and still have the lyrics shown on
the external monitor.
Reference
Song Playback
Song Position
The TYROS provides the following song position features.
• The current song position is indicated on the Main display as measure/beat number during playback — letting you easily see where
you are in the song.
• Pressing the [FF] or [REW] button automatically calls up a pop-up window showing the current measure number (or Phrase Mark
number) in the Main display.
Indicates the current measure
in song playback.
This menu appears only when the song data contains
Phrase Marks.
This determines which is used for song position, Bar
(measure) or Phrase Mark. When this is set to
“PHRASE MARK,” you can use the [FF] or [REW] buttons to navigate through the Phrase Marks in the song.
• You can put Song Position markers in the song data using the [SP1] - [SP4] buttons (page 44). This not only lets you navigate quickly
and easily through a song, but also lets you set up convenient playback loops.
■ Song Position Marker .....................................................................................................................................
This section covers two additional Marker-related features and details. For basic information on using the Markers for
jump playback and loop playback, refer to page 44 in the Quick Guide.
● Jump Markers
The Markers explained in the Quick Guide on page 44 are also called “Jump Markers.” They can be set in the song data by pressing
the [SP1] - [SP4] buttons. In the Event List display of the Song Creator (page 106), they are indicated as “SPJ-01” - “SPJ-04.” In the
Event List, they can be moved freely to other positions and can even copied to create identical Marker numbers at other positions. When
the same Marker number is contained at different locations in the song, the latest occuring one is used as an Loop End Marker (below).
● Loop End Marker
Loop End Markers can be used for putting additional Markers in song data, providing even greater versatility. Creating a Loop End
Marker is done within the Event List (and not with the [SP1] - [SP4] buttons on the panel), by simply copying one “SPJ” Jump Marker
event to another position in the song.
For basic information on loop playback between successive Jump Markers, refer to page 44 in the Quick Guide.
The examples below show how Loop End Markers can be used in song playback.
Copied within
the Event List
Top of the
song
[SPJ-01]
[SPJ-01]
Copied event becomes
Loop End Marker
[SPJ-02]
[SPJ-03]
End of the
song
[SPJ-04]
If the song is playing back between the two SPJ-01 points, turning on [LOOP] will result in a playback
loop between those points.
If the song is playing back between the second SPJ-01 and SPJ-02 and [LOOP] is turned on, playback
jumps back to the first SPJ-01 and loops between two SPJ-01 points.
Copied within
the Event List
Top of the
song
[SPJ-01]
[SPJ-02]
Copied event becomes Loop
End Marker
[SPJ-01]
[SPJ-03]
End of the
song
[SPJ-04]
• Loop playback problems may occur if
successive Markers are too close to
one another.
• When the effect settings of the jump
destination (the position you’re jumping to) differ from those at the jump
source, glitches or drop-outs in the
sound may result. This is because of
limitations in the effect processors of
the TYROS.
• When using the Guide function (the
[GUIDE] lamp is on) with jump playback, keep in mind that the Guide
indication may not be able to stay in
time with the jumps.
If the song is playing back between SPJ-02 and the second SPJ-01, turning on
[LOOP] will result in a playback loop between those points.
If the song is playing back between the second SPJ-01 and SPJ-03 and
[LOOP] is turned on, playback jumps back to SPJ-02 and loops between SPJ02 and the second SPJ-01 (Loop End Marker).
If the [LOOP] button is turned on while the song is playing back between the top
of the song and SPJ-02, playback will loop between SPJ-01 and SPJ-02.
89
In the examples above, the actual data of the Loop End Marker is identical to the event it was copied from — only the location of the
copied Marker provides it with this different function.
In song playback, the markers formatted as “SPJ-xxxxx” (xxxxx: any character except 01 - 04 and any number of letters is OK) are
handled as Loop End Markers. Since the Event List in the Song Creator function does not let you freely name Markers, the instructions
above are recommended for creating new Markers. However, with sequence software on a computer, you can create new Markers and
assign appropriate names to them. By naming Markers in this way, you can easily distinguish between Loop End Markers and Jump
Markers in the Event List.
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Reference
Song Playback
Song Playback Related Parameters
The TYROS has a variety of song playback functions — which can be accessed by pressing [FUNCTION] →
SONG SETTING.
• Listen to (or practice along with) your favorite song repeatedly — with Repeat Playback.
• Play back all of the songs in a particular folder — repeatedly or at random — for your listening pleasure.
• Play back all of the songs in all of the folders. Each of the SONG [I] - [VI] buttons has wealth of songs
— put them all together and you’ve got a lot of music you can play repeatedly or at random.
If you want, you can interupt this automatic jukebox at any time and select a song for playback by using the [NEXT/
CANCEL] LCD button in the song selection (Open/Save) display. Simply enter the number of the song you want
to hear next. and it will be put in the rotation.
Here, the settings on the [FUNCTION] → SONG SETTING display and the Open/Save display for songs are
explained together with the points above.
Song Setting — Basic Procedure
1
2
Press the [FUNCTION] button.
3
Set the desired parameters
(next page).
Press the [SONG SETTING]LCD button.
Selects one of the Guide menus (page 48).
Sets the repeat
playback method of
the song.
Turns Quick Start on/off.
Determines the MIDI channel of each parameter.
Determines the language of the
displayed lyrics.
Next/Cancel — Basic Procedure
While a song is playing back, call up the Open/Save display for songs.
2
Press the desired song LCD button so that the NEXT mark appears inside the file box
indicating that the selected song has been set to play next. You can cancel this setting
by pressing the [NEXT/CANCEL] button and selecting another song.
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1
Reference
Song Playback
The following parameters can be set in step #3 in “Basic Procedure” on page 92.
■ Repeat Playback parameters
Determines the method of repeat playback.
REPEAT MODE
OFF
Plays through the selected song, then stops.
SINGLE
Plays through the selected song repeatedly.
ALL
Continues playback through all the songs in the specified folder repeatedly.
RANDOM
Continues playback at random through all the songs in the specified folder repeatedly.
Determines the directory in which the songs are played in sequence when the REPEAT MODE is set to “ALL” or “RANDOM.” Here, the directory refers to the path
(page 72) memorized to each of the SONG [I] - [VI] buttons.
REPEAT FOLDER
PHRASE MARK REPEAT
CURRENT
Sequentially plays all songs in the directory containing the currently selected
song, starting with the currently selected song.
ALL
Sequentially plays all songs in all directories (memorized to the SONG [I] - [VI]
buttons. Playback starts with the currently selected song, then the remainder
of the songs in the current directory, followed by the songs in the other directories.
Phrase Mark is a pre-programmed part of some song data, which specifies a certain location (set of measures) in the song. When this is on, the section corresponding to the specified Phrase Mark number is repeatedly played back (page 91)
■ MIDI Channel parameters
LEFT CH
This parameter is available when the AUTO CH SET below is set to “OFF.” This
parameter determines which MIDI channel in the song data is assigned to the Lefthand part of the Guide function and the Song Score function.
RIGHT CH
This parameter is available when the AUTO CH SET below is set to OFF. This
parameter determines which MIDI channel in the song data is assigned to the
Right-hand part of the Guide function and the Song Score function.
HARMONY CH
Determines the MIDI channel in the song data of which the note events are used
for applying the Vocal Harmony to the microphone sound.
AUTO CH SET
When set to “ON,” this automatically sets the proper MIDI channels for the Rightand Left hand parts preprogramed in the commercially available song data. Normally, this should be set to “ON.” If this is set to “OFF,” the LEFT CH and RIGHT
CH parameters above are available.
■ Lyric Display parameters
Determines the language of the displayed lyrics.
LYRICS LANGUAGE
AUTO
When the language is specified in the song data, the lyrics are displayed accordingly. When the language is not specified in the song data and the Language parameter on the [FUNCTION] → UTILITY → OWNER display (page
158) is set to JAPANESE, the lyrics language is regarded as JAPANESE below. When the language is not specified in the song data and the Language
parameter on the [FUNCTION] → UTILITY → OWNER display (page 158) is
set to something other than JAPANESE, the lyrics language is regarded as
INTERNATIONAL below.
JAPANESE
Handles the displayed lyrics as Japanese.
INTERNATIONAL
Handles the displayed lyrics as a western language.
■ Quick Start parameter
91
QUICK START
On some commercially available song data, certain settings related to the song
(such as voice selection, volume, etc.) are recorded to the first measure, before the
actual note data. When Quick Start is set to “ON,” the TYROS reads all initial nonnote data of the song at the highest possible speed, then automatically slows down
to the appropriate tempo at the first note. This allows you to start playback as quickly as possible, with a minimum pause for reading of data.
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Reference
Song Creator (Digital Recording)
Quick Guide on pages 54 - 57
This section explains operations not covered in the Quick Guide, including Step Recording and re-recording or editing
existing song data. For basic information on recording a song using Quick Recording and Multi Recording, refer to
the Quick Guide.
Realtime Recording and Step Recording
You can record your keyboard performance as MIDI data in two different ways: Realtime and Step.
● Realtime Recording This method records performance data in real time, overwriting any data already present in the destination
channel. The new data replaces the previous data. This method is covered in the “Quick Guide.”
● Step Recording
This method lets you compose your performance by “writing” it down one event at a time. This is a nonrealtime, manual recording method – similar to writing music notation onto paper. By using the Event List
(pages 98, 100, 106), you can input notes, chords and other events one by one.
Punch In/Out
Page 95
This Realtime recording method lets you re-record only over a specific area of the already-recorded song.
Data between the Punch In point and the Punch Out point is overwritten with the material recorded. Keep in mind that the parts before and after
the Punch In/Out section are not recorded over — they play back normally to guide you in and out of the recording.
You can specify the Punch In and Punch Out points as measure numbers beforehand for automatic operation, or manually execute the Punch
In/Out recording by using a Foot Pedal or simply by playing the keyboard.
Set the Punch In/Out related parameters on the [DIGITAL RECORDING] → SONG CREATOR → REC MODE display and re-record the
already-recorded song by following the instructions described in the “Quick Guide.”
Step Recording using the Event List
Pages 98, 100, 106
Song data is made up of various recorded MIDI events, including global events for the entire song and specific events for each channel. The
MIDI Event List is a useful Song Creator tool that arranges all events in a song in chronological order (in measures, beats, clocks), and allows
you to make detailed changes to those events. Among the events included are:
• Chord/Section ..............................These style playback events let you enter Chords and Sections (Intro, Main, Ending, and so on).
• MIDI channel (1 - 16) data ..........Channel-specific events, such as note on/off, program change (voice number), control change messages (including volume and pan of the Mixing Console settings), and pitch bend
• System Exclusive Messages.........Events that affect all channels, such as tempo and beat (time signature)
• Lyrics............................................Song Lyric data
Remember that you can also use Realtime Recording to re-record a song that has already been created with Step Recording.
Basic Procedure (Song Creator)
1
Select an already-recorded
song or a new song (page 54).
• From the Song Creator display you can fast-forward or rewind through the song as
desired — letting you quickly navigate to and check different sections of the song.
DIGITAL
RECORDING
2
Press the [DIGITAL
RECORDING] button.
3
Press the [SONG CREATOR]
LCD button.
SONG
STYLE
MULTI PAD
Re-record the song by following the instructions
(from step #2 to end) in the
Quick Guide.
Determines the Punch In/Out settings
on this page if you wish to re-record the
already-recorded song.
4
This page lets you edit the already-recorded
song data by converting for each channel.
These pages let you create
the song data by using the
MIDI event list.
After completing the song creation,
make sure to execute the Save operation. The recorded song will be lost if you
change to another song or you turn the
power off without executing the save
operation.
The operations corresponding to step #4 is covered in the following page.
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Reference
Song Creator (Digital Recording)
Record Mode Settings (Setting up for Re-recording)
The following parameters can be set when you call up the REC MODE page in step #4 of the Basic Procedure. Set the parameters
below and press the [REC] button to re-record an existing song by following the instructions (from step #2 to end) in the “Quick
Guide.”
■ REC START settings .................................................................................................................................
NORMAL
Pressing the SONG [START/STOP] button or playing the keyboard with [SYNC START] on starts
overwrite recording.
FIRST KEY ON
The song plays back normally, then starts overwrite recording as soon as you play the keyboard.
PUNCH IN AT
The song plays back normally up to the indicated Punch In measure, then starts overwrite recording at the specified Punch In measure (set with the corresponding LCD button).
■ REC END settings......................................................................................................................................
REPLACE ALL
This deletes all data following the point at which recording is stopped.
PUNCH OUT
The song position at which recording is stopped is regarded as the Punch Out point. This setting
maintains all data following the point at which recording is stopped.
PUNCH OUT AT
Actual overwrite recording continues until the specified Punch Out measure (set with the corresponding LCD button), at which point recording stops and normal playback continues.
■ PEDAL PUNCH IN/OUT settings ..........................................................................................................
When this is set to ON, you can use Foot Pedal 2 to control the punch-in and punch-out points. While a song is playing
back, pressing (and holding) Foot Pedal 2 instantly enables Punch In recording, while releasing the pedal stops
recording (Punch Out). You can press and release Foot Pedal 2 as often as you want during playback to punch in/out
of overwrite recording. Note that the current function assignment of the sostenuto pedal is cancelled when the Pedal
Punch In/ Out function is set to ON.
Examples for re-recording depending on the REC MODE settings
The TYROS features several different ways you can re-record or replace a specific section of an already recorded
channel. The illustrations below indicate a variety of situations in which selected measures in an eight-measure
phrase are re-recorded.
REC START setting
REC END setting
NORMAL
REPLACE ALL
NORMAL
PUNCH OUT
NORMAL
PUNCH OUT AT=006
FIRST KEY ON
REPLACE ALL
FIRST KEY ON
PUNCH OUT
FIRST KEY ON
PUNCH OUT AT=006
PUNCH IN AT=003
REPLACE ALL
PUNCH IN AT=003
PUNCH OUT
93
PUNCH IN AT=003
PUNCH OUT AT=006
Original data
1
2
3
4
Start overwrite
recording *1
1
2
3
4
2
3
4
1
Play back
original data
2
3
4
2
3
1
1
Play back
original data
1
Play back
original data
1
Play back
original data
1
5
*1 To avoid overwriting measures 1 - 2,
start recording from measure 3.
*2 To stop recording, press the [REC]
button at the end of measure 5.
Deleted
5
6
7
8
2
3
3
4
7
8
3
4
3
4
3
5
6
7
8
5
6
7
8
5
Deleted
Stop recording *2
4
5
6
7
8
Stop overwrite recording/
play original data
Start overwrite recording
2
Deleted
Stop recording *2
Start overwrite recording
2
5
Stop overwrite recording/
play original data
Start overwrite recording
2
6
Stop recording *2
Play the keyboard to start
overwrite recording
2
5
Stop recording *2
4
Play the keyboard to start
overwrite recording
Play back
original data
8
Stop overwrite recording/
play original data
Play the keyboard to start
overwrite recording
1
7
Stop recording *2
Start overwrite
recording *1
Play back
original data
6
Stop recording *2
Start overwrite
recording *1
1
5
4
5
6
7
8
Previously recorded data
Newly recorded data
Deleted data
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Song Creator (Digital Recording)
Editing Data for each Channel
To set the following parameters, call up the CHANNEL page in step #4 of the Basic Procedure on page 94.
1
3
Select a menu.
4
Executes the operation for the displayed page. After the operation
(with the exception of the SETUP
page) is completed, this button
changes to [UNDO], letting you
restore the original data if you are
not satisfied with the Operation
results. The Undo function only
has one level; only the previous
operation can be undone.
After you’ve finished creating/editing a
song, make sure to execute the Save
operation. The recorded song will be lost
if you change to another song or you
turn the power off without executing the
save operation.
2
Set the parameters as
desired.
■ Quantize (set in step #2 above) ........................................................................................................
Quantize lets you “clean up” or “tighten” the timing of a previously
recorded track. For example, the following musical passage has been
written with exact quarter-note and eighth-note values.
When actually recording the passage in real time, however, you may not
play it with perfect accuracy. Quantize allows you to align all the notes
so that the timing is absolutely accurate to the specified note value.
CHANNEL
Determines which MIDI channel in the song data is to be quantized.
Selects the quantize size (resolution). Set the Quantize size to correspond to the shortest note
value in the channel you are working with. For example, if the data was recorded with both
quarter notes and eighth notes, use 1/8 note for the Quantize size. If you apply a 1/4 note
Quantize size, the eighth notes would be moved on top of the quarter notes.
One measure of eighth notes
before quantization
After 1/8 note quantization
Settings:
SIZE
1/4 note
1/8 note
1/16 note
1/32 note
1/16 note+
1/8 note triplet*
1/4 note
triplet
1/8 note
triplet
1/16 note
triplet
1/8 note+
1/8 note triplet*
1/16 note+
1/16 note triplet*
The three Quantize settings marked with asterisks (*) are exceptionally convenient, since they
allow you to quantize two different note values at the same time, without compromising the quantization of either one. For example, if you have both straight 1/8 notes and 1/8 note triplets recorded
to the same channel, and you quantize to straight 1/8 notes, all notes in the channel are quantized
to straight 1/8 notes – completely eliminating any triplet feel in the rhythm. However, if you use the
1/8 note + 1/8 note triplet setting, both the straight and triplet notes will be quantized correctly.
Determines how strongly the notes will be quantized. If a value less than 100% is selected,
notes will be moved toward the specified quantization beats only by the specified amount. Applying less than 100% quantization lets you preserve some of the “human” feel in the recording.
Quarter-note length
Original data
(assuming 4/4 meter)
STRENGTH
Quantizing
strength =100
Quantizing
strength =50
■ Delete .......................................................................................................................................
This lets you delete recorded data of the specified channel in the song data. Select the channel to be
deleted by using the upper/lower LCD [1] - [8] buttons and press the [EXECUTE] LCD button.
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Song Creator (Digital Recording)
■ Mix (set in step #2 on the previous page)......................................................................
This function lets you mix the data of two channels and place the results in a different channel. It also
lets you copy the data from one channel to another.
SOURCE1
Determines the MIDI channel (1 - 16) to be mixed. All MIDI events of the channel
specified here are copied to the destination channel.
SOURCE2
Determines the MIDI channel (1 - 16) to be mixed. Only note events of the channel
specified here are copied to the destination channel. Besides the values 1 - 16,
there is a “COPY” setting that allows you to copy the data from Source 1 to the
destination channel.
DESTINATION
Determines the channel into which the mix or copy results will be placed.
■ Channel Transpose .................................................................................................................
This allows you to transpose the recorded data of individual channels up or down by a maximum of two
octaves in semitone increments.
Toggles between the two
channel displays: Channels
1-8, and Channels 9-16.
To simultaneously set all
channels to the same value,
adjust the Channel Transpose
for one of the channels while
holding down this button.
■ Setup (set in step #2 on the previous page) .................................................................
The current settings of the Mixing Console (page 134) display and panel button settings can be recorded
to the top position of the song as Setup data. The panel settings recorded here are automatically recalled
as soon as the song starts.
95
Determines which playback features and functions will be automatically
called up along with the
selected song.
Use this to checkmark the
selected item. Checkmarked
items are recorded to the song.
SONG
Records the tempo setting and all settings made from the Mixing Console.
KEYBOARD VOICE
Records the current panel settings, including the voice of the keyboard-played
parts (RIGHT1, 2, 3, and LEFT) and their on/off status. Panel settings recorded
here are same as the ones memorized to the One Touch Setting (page 110). Unlike the other items in this chart, this can be recorded at any point in a song.
SCORE SETTING
Records the settings of the Score display.
GUIDE SETTING
Records the settings of the Guide functions. When the settings are recorded, selecting a song automatically turns on the Guide functions.
LYRICS BKGD/LNG
Records the settings of the Lyrics display.
MIC. SETTING
Stores the microphone settings in the Mixing Console (page 134) display and the
Vocal Harmony settings.
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Song Creator (Digital Recording)
Step Recording for Chord data using the Event List
The explanations here apply when you call up the CHD page in step #4 of the Basic Procedure on page 94.
This feature makes it possible to record Style playback chord changes one at a time with precise timing. Since the changes don’t
have to be entered in real time, it is easy to create complex chord changes and accompaniment — even before recording the
melody.
Use the CHD display if you wish to edit the alreadyrecorded Chord events one by one.
Use the STEP RECORD display if you wish to enter the
Chord events from scratch.
Press this to actually
delete the event at the
current cursor position.
EXIT
This sets the “size” of the next Chord/Section
event to be entered in step recording, and determines to what position the pointer will advance
after the event has been entered.
The song position at which you edit or input the event is
indicated by the following three values.
001 : 1 : 1440
Beat
Measure number (BAR)
Clock
... 1920 clocks per 1/4-note.
■ Entering Chord/Section events from scratch...............................................................
For example, the following chord progression can be entered by the procedure described below.
MAIN D
CM7
1
FILL IN C
Dm7
Em7
MAIN C
Dm7 G7
C
Press the [MAIN D] button to specify the section and enter the chords as shown at
right.
ACMP
OTS
LINK
AUTO
FILL IN
001 : 1 : 000
CM7
MAIN VARIATION
001 : 3 : 000
Dm7
Sect:
002 : 1 : 000
Indicates the Section change
event.
Chord:
Indicates the Chord change
event.
• Make sure to turn [AUTO FILL IN]
off.
Em7
Select this resolution and play chords as
shown at right.
MAIN D
CM7
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Em7
96
98
Dm7
Reference
Song Creator (Digital Recording)
2
Press the [AUTO FILL IN] button and press the [MAIN C] button to specify the section
(Fill In C) then enter the chords as shown at right.
ACMP
OTS
LINK
AUTO
FILL IN
002 : 3 : 000
Dm7
MAIN VARIATION
002 : 4 : 000
G7
Select this resolution and play chords as
shown at right.
MAIN D
CM7
3
FILL IN C
Dm7
Em7
Dm7 G7
Enter the chords as shown at right.
MAIN VARIATION
003 : 1 : 000
C
The [MAIN C] section is automatically selected.
004 : 1 : 000
C
Select this resolution and play chords as
shown at right.
MAIN D
CM7
4
FILL IN C
Dm7
Em7
Dm7 G7
MAIN C
C
Move the song position to the top and play the song to hear the newly recorded chord
progression.
REC
NEW SONG
TOP
START/
STOP
REW
FF
SYNC START
You can also move the
song position to the top
of the song by using
this LCD button.
• The chord progression can be played back
REC
97
NEW SONG
TOP
START/
STOP
REW
FF
only from this STEP RECORD display. To
play the chords, you’ll need to press the
[EXPAND] LCD button (next page) on the
CHD display to convert the events
recorded here to song data.
SYNC START
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Reference
Song Creator (Digital Recording)
■ Editing existing Chord events.............................................................................
The Chord events already entered to the STEP RECORD display can be edited from the CHD display.
With the exception of the Expand function explained below, the operations for the CHD display are the
same as that of the channel data editing display (1-16 page) described on page 105.
Press this to convert the recorded
chord and section entries into
song data. You’ll need to execute
the Expand operation to properly
play back the data you entered in
the STEP RECORD page
(described on the previous page).
• Chord and Section data recorded
with Realtime Recording cannot
be indicated and edited on this
display.
Events handled on the Chord Event list display (CHD page)
• Style
• Tempo
• Chord — Chord root, Chord type, On Bass Chord
• Sect — Style Section (Intro, Main, Fill In, Break, Ending)
• OnOff — On/off status for each part (channel) of the style
• CH.Vol — Volume for each part (channel) of the style
• S.Vol — Overall volume of the style
Step Recording for Notes using the Event List
The explanations here apply when you call up the “1-16” page in step #4 of the Basic Procedure on page 94.
This page lets you create a song by entering notes one by one for each channel with precise timing, without having to perform
them in real time. The TYROS lets you record the chords for style playback and the melody (explained here) separately.
Use the 1-16 display if you wish to edit the already-recorded Note
events one by one for each channel.
Use the STEP RECORD display if you wish to enter the Note
events from scratch.
EXIT
The song position at which you edit or input the event is
indicated by the following three values.
001 : 1 : 1440
Beat
Measure number (BAR)
TYROS Owner’s Manual
This sets the “size” of the next note event to be
entered, and determines to what position the
pointer will advance after it has been entered.
Clock
... 1920 clocks per 1/4-note.
• To input rests, simply specify the position
for the next note (using the [BAR], [BEAT],
and [CLOCK] LCD buttons) and input the
note. Any “empty” interval between two
successive notes is automatically registered as a rest.
98
100
Pressing the button
alternately switches
the note selectors
(at the bottom of the
display) among
three basic note values: normal, dotted
and triplet.
Reference
Song Creator (Digital Recording)
■ Entering note events from scratch ...................................................................................
This section explains how to step-record notes, using three specific examples.
Example 1
1
Set the parameters below in sequence.
Determines the velocity (loudness) of the note to be entered.
Here, we’ll select “mf,” as specified in the example.
Value
Actual recorded velocity
Kbd.Vel
fff
ff
f
mf
mp
p
pp
ppp
Actual playing strength
127
111
95
79
63
47
31
15
Sets the Gate Time, or the length of the note (as a percentage). Here, we’ll select “Tenuto,” as specified in the example.
Use these buttons to set the "size" or "resolution"
of the current recording step time for the next
note to be entered. Here, we’ll set the resolution
to a 1/4 note, as specified in the example.
Actual recorded velocity
Normal
Tenuto
Staccato
Staccatissimo
Manual
80%
99%
40%
20%
The gate time (note length)
can be set to any desired percentage by using the [DATA
ENTRY] dial.
2
Play the keys C, D, E, F, G, A, B and C in order, as specified in the example.
3
Move the cursor to the beginning of the song by pressing the [TOP] button, and press
the SONG [START/STOP] button to hear the newly entered notes.
REC
NEW SONG
99
Value
TOP
START/
STOP
SYNC START
REW
FF
REC
NEW SONG
TOP
START/
STOP
REW
FF
SYNC START
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Reference
Song Creator (Digital Recording)
Example 2
In this example, keep in mind that one of the steps involves holding down a key on the keyboard while
executing the operation.
1
Set the parameters below in sequence.
Determines the velocity (loudness) of the note to be
entered. Here, we’ll select “mp,” as specified in the
example.
Sets the Gate Time, or the length of the note (as a
percentage). Here, we’ll select “Normal,” as specified in the example.
Use these buttons to set the resolution of the next
note(s). Here, we’ll set the resolution to a half note,
as specified in the example.
2
Enter the note F, as specified in the example.
7
While holding F on the keyboard, press the 1/8 note LCD button.
This enters a half note (for “F”) and a tied 8th note.
3
Set the parameters below in sequence.
Sets the Gate Time, or the length of the note (as a
percentage). Here, we’ll select “Staccato,” as specified in the example.
Use these buttons to set the resolution of the next
notes. Here, we’ll set the resolution to an 1/8 note,
as specified in the example.
4
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102
Play the keys E, F and A, as specified in the example.
Reference
Song Creator (Digital Recording)
5
Set the parameters below in sequence.
Determines the velocity (loudness) of the note to be
entered. Here, we’ll select “f,” as specified in the
example.
Sets the Gate Time, or the length of the note (as a
percentage). Here, we’ll select “Normal,” as specified in the example.
Use these buttons to set the resolution of the next
note. Here, we’ll set the resolution to a dotted half
note, as specified in the example.
6
Play an A on the keyboard, as specified in the example.
7
Set the parameters below in sequence.
Use these buttons to set the resolution of the next
note. Here, we’ll set the resolution to a 1/4 note, as
specified in the example.
8
Play an F on the keyboard, as specified in the example.
9
Move the cursor to the beginning of the song by pressing the [TOP] button, and press
the SONG [START/STOP] button to hear the newly entered notes.
REC
101
NEW SONG
TOP
START/
STOP
SYNC START
REW
FF
REC
NEW SONG
TOP
START/
STOP
REW
FF
SYNC START
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Reference
Song Creator (Digital Recording)
Example 3
To properly enter the tied notes here, keep in mind that you’ll need to hold the keys down during the
entire operation until all the notes are entered.
1
Set the parameters below in sequence.
Determines the velocity (loudness) of the note to be
entered. Here, we’ll select “ff,” as specified in the
example.
Sets the Gate Time, or the length of the note (as a
percentage). Here, we’ll select “Normal,” as specified in the example.
Use these buttons to set the resolution of the next
note. Here, we’ll set the resolution to an 1/8 note, as
specified in the example.
2
Enter the note C3, as specified in the example.
Do not release C3 yet. Keep holding the
note as you execute the following steps.
7
While holding the key C3, press the 1/8 note LCD button.
3
Enter the note E3.
Do not release C3 and E3 yet. Keep holding
the notes as you execute the following steps.
7
While holding the keys C3 and E3, press the 1/8 note LCD button.
4
Enter the note G3.
Do not release C3, E3 and G3 yet. Keep holding
the notes as you execute the following steps.
7
While holding the keys C3, E3 and G3, press the 1/8 note LCD button.
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Reference
Song Creator (Digital Recording)
5
Enter the note C4.
7
7
While holding the keys C3, E3, G3 and C4, press the 1/8 note LCD button, then press the half note
LCD button. All notes in the example have now been entered and you can release the keys.
6
Move the cursor to the beginning of the song by pressing the [TOP] button, and press
the SONG [START/STOP] button to hear the newly entered notes.
■ Editing existing Note events on the STEP RECORD display ................................
Note events and other various channel events already entered to the STEP RECORD display can be
edited from the 1-16 display. The explanations below also apply to other Event List displays (CHD,
SYS/EX., LYRICS).
Use these to move the song position
(cursor) up/down and select the
desired event.
Moves the song position (cursor) to
the beginning position of the data.
Use these to move the cursor left/right
and select the desired parameter of
the highlighted event.
Determines the current position of the
data.
For coarse adjustment of the event value. Keep in mind
that moving the cursor away from the just edited value or
starting the song playback automatically enters that value.
Determines the channel for the MIDI event
edited here or entered to the STEP
RECORD display.
Calls up the Filter display (page 107), letting
you select only the events you wish to be
shown in the Event List.
Holding this button down while using the [A]
and [B] buttons lets you select multiple
events. This convenient feature lets you
select several events together, making it
possible to change the values of many different events at once, or easily and quickly
copy many events to another location.
If the value at the cursor has been changed,
pressing this restores the original value.
CUT, COPY, PASTE and DELETE are the
same functions as those in the Open/Save
display, except that these apply to MIDI
events, not files.
For fine adjustment of the event value. You can use the
[DATA ENTRY] dial to adjust the value. Keep in mind that
moving the cursor away from the just edited value or starting the song playback automatically enters that value.
Adds a new event to the Event List.
Events handled on the Note Event list display (1-16 page)
Note (Note on/off)
Messages which are generated when the keyboard is played. Each message includes a specific note number which corresponds to the key which is pressed, plus
a velocity value based on how hard the key is played.
Ctrl (Control Change)
Controller settings such as volume, pan (edited via the Mixing Console described
on page 134), etc.
Prog (Program Change)
Determines the voice (program) number. For details on program change messages
and how to set them, refer to the separate Data List booklet (Voice List).
P.Bnd (Pitch Bend)
Events generated by controlling the PITCH BEND wheel. These events bend the
pitch of notes up or down.
A.T. (Aftertouch)
Determines the aftertouch value.
103
For details on the events above, refer to the separate Data List booklet (MIDI Data Format).
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Reference
Song Creator (Digital Recording)
Step Recording for System Exclusive Messages using the Event List
The explanations here apply when you call up the SYS/EX. page in step #4 of the Basic Procedure on page 94. From this display,
you can edit recorded System events which do not belong to a specific MIDI channel, such as tempo and beat (time signature).
The instructions for this display are basically the same as those for the channel data editing display (1-16 page) described on page
105.
Events handled on the System Exclusive (SYS/EX.) Event list display
ScBar
(Score initial measure)
This determines the number of the top measure. You cannot move the song position to the measure before the one set here. When the song is selected, the measure (bar) number set here is indicated on the Main display. Pressing the [TOP]
button moves the song position to the measure (bar) number set here.
Tempo
Determines the tempo value.
Time (Time signature)
Determines the time signature.
Key (Key signature)
Determines the key, as well as the major/minor setting. This setting is used for
displaying the notation (Song Score function).
XG Prm (XG parameters)
Allows you to make various detailed changes to the data. For more information on
XG parameters, refer to the separate Data List booklet (MIDI Data Format).
SYS/EX. (System Exclusive)
Displays the System Exclusive data in the song. Keep in mind that you cannot
create new data or change the contents of the data here; however, you can delete,
cut, copy, and paste the data.
Meta (Meta event)
Displays the SMF meta events in the song. Keep in mind that you cannot create
new data or change the contents of the data here; however, you can delete, cut,
copy, and paste the data.
Marker
(Song Position Marker)
Displays the Song Position Marker (SPJ-01 - 04) in the song. Keep in mind that you
cannot create new data or change the contents of the data here; however, you can
delete, cut, copy, and paste the data.
Step Recording for Lyrics using the Event List
The explanations here apply when you call up the LYRICS page in step #4 of the Basic Procedure on page 94. From this display,
you can edit recorded Lyrics events. The instructions for this display are basically the same as those for the channel data editing
display (1-16 page) described on page 105.
Pressing one of these buttons from the Lyrics display calls up the
pop-up window for entering lyrics to the currently selected position. Entering lyrics is done in the same way as naming files, as
described on page 70.
Events handled on the Lyrics Event list display
Determines the song name. This calls up the pop-up window for entering a name.
Lyrics
Allows you to enter lyrics.
Code (Other controls)
CR : Enters a line break in the lyrics text.
LF : Unavailable on the TYROS. On some MIDI devices, such as sequencers, this
event may delete the currently displayed lyrics and display the next set of
lyrics.
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106
Name (Song name)
Reference
Song Creator (Digital Recording)
Customizing the Event List – Filter
Because the Event List displays (CHD, 1-16, SYS/EX. and LYRICS) contain a wide variety of events,
it may be difficult to pinpoint the ones you want to edit. This is where the Filter function comes in handy.
It lets you determine which event types will be shown in the Event List displays. To call up the Filter
display below, press the [FILTER] LCD button from any of the Event List displays.
Select the desired Filter category from the three below,
then checkmark the items you want to be shown in the
Event List displays.
MAIN
: Displays all main types of events.
CTRL CHG : Displays all specific Control Change
message events.
STYLE
: Displays all types of style playback
related events.
Enters checkmarks for all
event types.
Selects only note data;
checkmarks for all other
boxes are removed.
Reverses the checkmark
settings for all boxes. In
other words, this enters
checkmarks to all boxes
that were previously
unchecked and vice versa.
EXIT
105
Select an event type to be
checked or unchecked.
Enters/removes the checkmark for the
selected event type. The checked
event types can be shown on the
Event List displays.
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Reference
Style Playback (Auto Accompaniment)
Quick Guide on pages 32 - 37
This section explains important style-related operations not covered in the Quick Guide. For basic information on
playing styles, refer to the Quick Guide.
Chord Fingerings
The chords (or simplified chord indications) you play in the left-hand section of the keyboard are used for several performance
functions:
• When [ACMP] is turned on (page 32), the left-hand section of the keyboard becomes the Chord section and the selected style is
played back according to the chords specified in the left-hand section of the keyboard. The specified chords are also used for Vocal
Harmony (page 47), the Harmony (Voice) effect (page 39), and the Multi Pads (when used with Chord Match; page 38).
• When the [ACMP] is turned off (page 32) and the LEFT part is turned on, the notes played as the Left part are recognized as chords.
These chords have no effect on style playback, but are used for Vocal Harmony (page 47), the Harmony (Voice) effect (page 39),
and the Multi Pads (when used with Chord Match; page 38).
There is also a convenient Chord Tutor function that shows you which notes you need to play to make certain chords. (Press
[FUNCTION] → CHORD FINGERING.)
The explanations here show how to specify chords. Call up the [FUNCTION] → CHORD FINGERING display and follow the
instructions below.
MENU
LP
FUNCTION
SOUN
CREA
Selects the fingering type, which
determines how the chords are
specified (which notes you should
play). See below for details.
Chord Tutor
Specify the Chord Root and Type
here, and the notes of the chord are
indicated in the keyboard illustration
above. Depending on the chord,
some notes may be omitted.
■ Seven types of Chord Fingerings ..............................................................................................................
● SINGLE FINGER
Makes it simple to produce orchestrated accompaniment using major, seventh, minor and minor-seventh chords by
pressing a minimum number of keys on the Chord section of the keyboard. This type is available only for style playback. The abbreviated chord fingerings described below are used:
C
C7
For a major chord, press the root
key only.
Cm
For a minor chord, simultaneously
press the root key and a black key
to its left.
For a seventh chord, simultaneously press the
root key and a white key to its left.
Cm 7
For a minor-seventh chord, simultaneously
press the root key and both a white and black
key to its left.
● FINGERED
Lets you finger your own chords on the Chord section of the keyboard, while the TYROS supplies appropriately
orchestrated rhythm, bass, and chord accompaniment in the selected style. The Fingered recognizes the various chord
types which are listed on the separate Data List booklet and can be looked up using the Chord Tutor function above.
● FINGERED ON BASS
Accepts the same fingerings as the Fingered, but the lowest note played in the Chord section of the keyboard is used
as the bass note, allowing you to play “on bass” chords (in the Fingered mode the root of the chord is always used as
the bass note).
● MULTI FINGER
Automatically detects Single Finger or Fingered chord fingerings, so you can use either type of fingering without
having to switch fingering types.
● AI FINGERED
Basically the same as FINGERED, with the exception that less than three notes can be played to indicate the chords
(based on the previously played chord, etc.).
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Reference
Style Playback (Auto Accompaniment)
● FULL KEYBOARD
Detects chords in the entire key range. Chords are detected in a way similar to Fingered, even if you split the notes
between your left and right hands — for example, playing a bass note with your left hand and a chord with your right,
or by playing a chord with your left hand and a melody note with your right.
● AI FULL KEYBOARD
When this advanced fingering type is engaged, the TYROS will automatically create appropriate accompaniment while
you play just about anything, anywhere on the keyboard using both hands. You don’t have to worry about specifying
the style chords. Although the AI Full Keyboard type is designed to work with many songs, some arrangements may
not be suitable for use with this feature. This type is similar to FULL KEYBOARD, with the exception that less than
three notes can be played to indicate the chords (based on the previously played chord, etc.). 9th, 11th and 13th chords
cannot be played. This type is available only for style playback.
The following list shows the conditions in which the notes played in the left-hand section of the keyboard
can be recognized as a chord.
[ACMP] off, LEFT part on
[ACMP] on, LEFT part off
[ACMP] on, LEFT part on
SINGLE FINGER
[ACMP] off, LEFT
part off
Not recognized
Recognized via FINGERED
FINGERED
Not recognized
FINGERED ON BASS
Not recognized
MULTI FINGER
Not recognized
Recognized via the selected
Fingering type.
Recognized via the selected
Fingering type.
Recognized via FINGERED
AI FINGERED
Not recognized
FULL KEYBOARD
Not recognized
AI FULL KEYBOARD
Not recognized
Recognized via the selected
Fingering type.
Recognized via the selected
Fingering type.
Recognized via the selected
Fingering type.
Recognized via the selected
Fingering type.
Recognized via the selected
Fingering type.
Recognized via the selected
Fingering type.
Recognized via the selected
Fingering type.
Recognized via the selected
Fingering type.
Recognized via the selected
Fingering type.
Recognized via the selected
Fingering type.
Recognized via the selected
Fingering type.
Recognized via the selected
Fingering type.
Recognized via the selected
Fingering type.
Recognized via the selected
Fingering type.
Selected Fingering type
Recognized via the selected
Fingering type.
Recognized via the selected
Fingering type.
Not recognized
Fade In/Out
The [FADE IN/OUT] button can be used to produce smooth fade-ins and fade-outs when starting and stopping the style/song
playback. This affects the overall sound of the TYROS — including the your keyboard performance and the Multi Pads, as well
as the styles and songs.
1
2
3
FADE
IN /OUT
Press the [FADE IN/OUT] button so that its indicator lights.
Start the style playback.
The sound will gradually fade in. The [FADE IN/OUT] indicator will flash during the
fade-in, and then go out when full volume has been reached.
Press the [FADE IN/OUT] button again so that its indicator lights.
The indicator will flash during the fade out, then the style playback will stop when the
fade-out is complete.
• The time of the fade-in/fade-out
can also be set (page 156).
Tempo
Each style of the TYROS has been programmed with a default or standard tempo; however, this
can be changed to any value between 5 and 500 beats per minute by using the [TEMPO] button.
This can be done either before the style playback is started or while it is playing. When you select
a different style while the style is not playing, the “default” tempo for that style is also selected.
If the style is playing, the same tempo is maintained even if you select a different style.
TAP TEMPO
TEMPO
RESET
■ Tap function ........................................................................................................................................................
This useful function lets you press the [TAP TEMPO] button to tap out the tempo and automatically start the style at that
tapped speed. Simply tap (press/release) the button (four times for a 4/4 time signature), and the style playback starts
automatically at the tempo you tapped. The tempo can also be changed during playback by tapping the button twice at the
desired tempo.
●When a 4-beat style is selected
TAP TEMPO
107
Tap 4 times
TAP TEMPO
TAP TEMPO
TAP TEMPO
* When a 3-beat
style is selected,
tap 3 times.
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Style Playback (Auto Accompaniment)
Synchro Start and Synchro Stop
Quick Guide on page 32
When [SYNC START] (Synchro Start) is turned on, you can automatically have style playback start as soon as you play a chord
in the chord section of the keyboard. When [SYNC STOP] (Synchro Stop) is on, the accompaniment plays as long as you hold
a chord. In other words, you can abruptly stop the accompaniment simply by releasing your left hand from the keyboard.
Since turning on [SYNC STOP] automatically enables [SYNC START] as well, you can instantly start up and stop the accompaniment by alternately playing chords and releasing them.
ACMP
OTS
LINK
SYNC
STOP
AUTO
FILL IN
SYNC
START
START /
STOP
Chord section
Style plays
Turning on the [SYNC STOP] button automatically turns on the [SYNC START] button as
well. Turning it off turns both buttons off.
Pressing and releasing the
keys in the chord section alternately starts and stops style
playback.
Style stops
• Holding the chord for more time specified in the [FUNCTION] → STYLE
SETTING/SPLIT POINT display (page 112) will cancel the Synchro Stop
function even if [SYNC STOP] is turned on.
• Synchro Stop cannot be set to on when the Fingering is set to Full Keyboard/AI Keyboard or [ACMP] is turned off.
Programmable One Touch Setting (OTS)
Quick Guide on page 36
One Touch Setting (OTS) is a convenient function that allows you to call up the most appropriate panel settings for the currently
selected style — with the touch of a single button. Press any one of the four [ONE TOUCH SETTING] buttons to instantly call
up the following pre-programmed settings for style play.
• [ACMP] and [SYNC START] are automatically turned on, letting you start the style as soon as you play a left-hand chord
on the keyboard.
• Custom panel settings (for voices, keyboard parts, effects, etc.) designed to best match the selected style are automatically
called up — letting you instantly reconfigure the instrument to suit the music you play.
The TYROS actually has three different features that let you instantly call up complete panel setups: One Touch Setting
(described here), Music Finder, and Registration Memory. One Touch Setting differs from the other two in that each OTS panel
setting is dedicated to a particular style — first, you select a style for your performance, then you press a [ONE TOUCH SETTING] button to match the panel settings to that style.
■ OTS Link ..................................................................................................................
The convenient OTS (One Touch Setting) Link function lets you automatically have One
Touch Settings change when you select a different Main section (A - D). The Main sections A, B, C, and D correspond to One Touch Settings 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively. This is
especially powerful for live performance situations, letting you instantly and easily reconfigure the instrument as you play.
OTS
LINK
■ Memorizing the panel settings to the OTS ................................................
The TYROS features four different One Touch Settings for each of the preset styles.
Though each has been specially programmed to match the style, you can change the settings as desired. The changed One Touch Settings can be saved as the selected style to the
User or Disk drive.
PROGRAMMABLE
ONE TOUCH SETTING
MEMORY
• Make sure to save your OTS
settings as a style file to the
User or Disk drive (see Save
operation instructions on page
69, step #2 to end). The panel
settings memorized to each
OTS button will be lost if you
change the style or turn the
power off without executing the
Save operation.
Press the [MEMORY] button of Registration Memory and
press any of the [ONE TOUCH SETTING] buttons.
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Reference
Style Playback (Auto Accompaniment)
Instant Style Selection
If you’ve created your own styles and built up a collection of style data on the User drive or optional Hard Disk drive, you’ll soon
have many style files to select from — making it difficult to call up your favorite styles. This function lets you memorize the path
of a specific style to a specific STYLE button. Even if your data is scattered across the drive in a complex hierarchy of folders
and paths, you can instantly call up a specific file — no matter how deeply hidden — with a single button-press.
1
2
Call up the Open/Save display for styles with the Number Input Type (page 71).
First, select the style to be memorized by calling up the appropriate path, then press
the [MEMORY] LCD button.
A
B
C
D
E
3
Check that the path set in step #2 above has been properly memorized. First, call up
a different path (for example, the Open/Save display for voices), then select the path
just memorized by turning on the [USER/DISK] button and pressing the appropriate
STYLE button.
STYLE
POP & ROCK
4
SWING & JAZZ
LATIN
WORLD
PRESET
BALLAD
R&B
BALLROOM
PARTY
DANCE
COUNTRY
MOVIE & SHOW
USER /DISK
Call up the other path (for example, the Open/Save display for voices) and call up the
path memorized in step #3 by following the instructions below.
STYLE
POP & ROCK
SWING & JAZZ
LATIN
WORLD
PRESET
BALLAD
R&B
BALLROOM
PARTY
DANCE
COUNTRY
MOVIE & SHOW
USER /DISK
109
Turn [USER/DISK] on and press appropriate
STYLE button (set in step #3 above).
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Reference
Style Playback (Auto Accompaniment)
Style Playback Related Settings
The TYROS has a variety of style playback functions, including Split Point and many others — which can be accessed by pressing
[FUNCTION] → STYLE SETTING/SPLIT POINT.
MENU
LP
FUNCTION
SOUN
CREA
Parameters
Split Point settings
■ Split Point....................................................................................................................................
These are the settings (there are two Split Points) that separate the different sections of the keyboard: the
Chord section, the LEFT part section and the RIGHT 1-3 section. The two Split Point settings (below)
are specified as note names.
• Split Point (S) — separates the Chord section for style playback from the section(s) for playing
voices (RIGHT 1-3, LEFT)
• Split Point (L) — separates the two sections for playing voices, LEFT and RIGHT 1-3.
These two settings can be set to the same note (as in the default) or two diffferent notes as desired.
●Setting the Split Point (S) and the Split Point (L)
to the same note
Split Point (S+L)
Chord section
+ Voice LEFT
●Setting the Split Point (S) and the Split Point (L)
to different notes
Split Point (S)
Voice RIGHT1 - 3
Press the [S+L] LCD button and rotate the [DATA
ENTRY] dial, or press the desired key on the keyboard
while holding the [S+L] LCD button.
Chord section
Split Point (L)
Voice LEFT
Voice RIGHT1 - 3
To set Split Point (L), press the [L] LCD button and rotate the
[DATA ENTRY] dial, or press the desired key on the keyboard
while holding the [L] LCD button.
To set Split Point (S), press the [S] LCD button and rotate the
[DATA ENTRY] dial, or press the desired key on the keyboard
while holding the [S] LCD button.
Split Point (L) cannot be set lower than Split Point (S), and Split Point (S) cannot be set higher than Split
Point (L).
■ Stop Accompaniment ........................................................................................................................
When auto accompaniment is turned on and Syncro Start is off, you can play chords in the
left-hand (accompaniment) section of the keyboard with the style stopped, and still hear
the accompaniment chord. In this condition — called “Stop Accompaniment” — any
valid chord fingerings are recognized and the chord root/type are shown in the LCD.
Since the TYROS properly recognizes the chord, you can also use the Chord Match function (page 38) with the Multi Pads or the Harmony effect (page 39) without having to play
back a style.
From the display above, you can determine whether the chord played in the chord section
will sound or not in the Stop Accompaniment status.
• The chord detected by playing the
Stop Accompaniment can be
recorded to a song regardless of
the setting here. Please note that
the voice sound will be recorded
when set to “STYLE,” and will not
be recorded when set to “OFF” or
“FIXED.”
• OFF..................................The chord played in the chord section will not sound.
• STYLE.............................The chord played in the chord section will sound via the voices for the
Pad part and the Bass channel of the selected style.
• FIXED .............................The chord played in the chord section will sound via the certain voice
regardless of the selected style.
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112
Reference
Style Playback (Auto Accompaniment)
■ OTS Link Timing .......................................................................................................................
This applies to the OTS Link function (page 110). This parameter determines the timing in which the
One Touch Settings change with the MAIN VARIATION [A] - [D] change. (The [OTS LINK] button
must be on.)
• Real Time.........................One Touch Setting is immediately called up when you press a [MAIN
VARIATION] button.
• Next Bar...........................One Touch Setting is called up at the next measure, after you press a
[MAIN VARIATION] button.
■ Synchro Stop Window ...........................................................................................................
This determines how long you can hold a chord before the Synchro Stop function is automatically cancelled. When the [SYNC STOP] button is turned on and this is set to a value other than “OFF,” this
automatically cancels the Synchro Stop function if you hold a chord for longer than the time set here.
This conveniently resets style playback control to normal, letting you release the keys and still have the
style play.
■ Style Touch .................................................................................................................................
Turns touch response for the style playback on/off. When this is set to “ON,” the style volume changes
in response to your playing strength in the chord section of the keyboard.
■ Section Set .................................................................................................................................
Determines the default section that is automatically called up when selecting different styles (when style
playback is stopped). When set to “OFF” and style playback is stopped, the active section is maintained
even if the different style is selected.
When any of the Main A-D sections is not included in the style data, the nearest section is automatically
selected. For example, when Main D is not contained in the selected style, Main C will be called up.
Simultaneously Playing a Song and a Style
When playing back a song and a style at the same time, channels 9 - 16 of the song data are replaced
with style channels — allowing you to use the styles and features in place of the accompaniment
parts of the song. This provides added flexibility to your performance, letting you independently
control style playback and song playback.
111
• The style stops when you stop the song. If the accompaniment style is playing and you
start the song, the accompaniment automatically stops.
• Some of the songs have been created using the built-in styles. For these songs, the styles
are automatically started when starting song playback.
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Reference
Style Creator (Digital Recording)
The powerful Style Creator feature lets you create your own original styles, which can then be used for style playback
— just as with the preset styles.
Style Data Structure — Creating Styles
Each style is made up of fifteen sections (Intro I - III,
Main A - D, Fill In A - D, Break, Ending I - III) as
rhythm pattern variations. Each of these fifteen sections in turn has eight different parts (channels), made
up of MIDI sequence data — making a total of 120
separate sets of MIDI data contained in a single style.
With the Style Creator feature, you can create a style
by separately recording the necessary MIDI data, or
by importing pattern data from other existing styles.
Each style contains 120 MIDI data sequences (15 Sections x 8 Parts)
Part
Section
RHYTHM 1 RHYTHM 2
BASS
CHORD 1
CHORD 2
PAD
PHRASE 1 PHRASE 2
INTRO I
INTRO II
INTRO III
MAIN A
MAIN B
MAIN C
MAIN D
FILL IN A
FILL IN B
FILL IN C
FILL IN D
BREAK
ENDING I
ENDING II
ENDING III
For these parts containing preset data, new material can be overdubbed (recorded).
For these parts containing preset data, new material cannot be overdubbed (recorded). These parts can be recorded only after deleting
their preset data.
● Using Preset Styles
As shown in the chart at right, when you select the
internal preset style that is the closest to the type
of style you wish to create and call up the Style
Creator display, the preset style data will be copied to a special memory location for creating. You
can create an original style by adding, deleting, or
replacing data from this memory location.
Preset Style data
Copy
Internal memory for
creating a style (RAM)
• The DSP1 effect settings (page 136) cannot be stored in
the User style data, and as such cannot be edited in the
Style Creator function. This means that any DSP1 effect
settings in the Preset style (such as changing speeds of
the rotary speaker effect) will be deleted from the copied
Preset style data, and be unavailable for creating a style.
● Recording and Assembling
The Style Creator provides two basic ways to create MIDI sequence data of each part: Recording,
which allows you to record parts from the keyboard (using Realtime or Step Recording), and
Assembly, which lets you bring various pattern
data together by copying from other styles. Both
methods, Recording and Assembly, replace the
original data with the new data.
Example style — created by Recording, Assembly and original data
Part
Section
RHYTHM 1 RHYTHM 2
BASS
CHORD 1
CHORD 2
PAD
PHRASE 1 PHRASE 2
INTRO I
INTRO II
INTRO III
MAIN A
MAIN B
MAIN C
MAIN D
FILL IN A
FILL IN B
In the case of chart shown at right, for example,
INTRO I and MAIN A are created by recording
the new data to all the parts, and MAIN B is created by assembling the pattern data for all parts
from the other styles. INTRO III and ENDING A
- C are created by keeping and using the original
data. MAIN C and FILL IN A are created via three
ways: Recording, Assembly, and using the original data.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
FILL IN D
BREAK
ENDING I
ENDING II
ENDING III
Creating data by recording
Copying data from other styles (Assembly)
No change (maintaining the original data)
No data
112
114
FILL IN C
Reference
Style Creator (Digital Recording)
● Loop Recording and Overdub Recording
The Song Creator (Song Recording) feature records your keyboard performance as MIDI data. Recording a style data via the Style
Creator, however, is done in a different way. Here are some of the aspects in which style recording differs from song recording:
• Loop Recording ................ Style playback repeats the rhythm patterns of
several measures in a “loop,” and style recording is also done using loops. For example, if you Bass Drum
start recording with a two-measure main section, the two measures are repeatedly recorded.
Notes that you record will play back from the
next repetition (loop), letting you record while
hearing previously recorded material.
• Overdub Recording .......... This method records new material to a part
Snare Drum
Bass Drum
(channel) already containing recorded data,
without deleting the original data. In style
recording, the recorded data is not deleted,
except when using functions such as Rhythm
Clear (page 117) and Delete function (page
116). For example, if you start recording with a Hi-Hat
two-measure MAIN section, the two measures
Snare Drum
are repeated many times. Notes that you record Bass Drum
will play back from the next repetition, letting
you overdub new material to the loop while
hearing previously recorded material.
Using the recording methods above, the Style Creator feature lets you record complete rhythm patterns (like the one above) quickly
and easily.
● Rhythm Parts and Pitched Parts
Creating or recording the Rhythm parts (containing non-pitched data) differs from recording other parts (containing pitched data)
in the following ways.
• Note data can be overdubbed to existing Rhythm parts of a preset style, whereas other pitched parts can be newly recorded
to only after all existing preset data on the part is deleted.
• Style parts (channels) other than Rhythm parts are played back according to the chord root/type specified in the chord section
of the keyboard. The notes output from style parts (channels) other than Rhythm parts are transposed from the Source Pattern
(described below) according to the chord root/type specified in the chord section of the keyboard. The Style Creator lets you
set the parameters that determine how the note is transposed and set the parameters that determine how notes held through
chord changes will be handled.
Special Parameter Settings based on Style File Format
Source Pattern
PLAY ROOT
(Chord Root setting of a Source Pattern)
PLAY CHORD
(Chord Type setting of a Source Pattern)
Chord change via the
chord section of the
keybaord.
Note Transposition
NTR
(Note Transposition Rule applied to the Chord Root
change)
NTT
(Note Transposition Table applied to the Chord Type
change)
There are a variety of possibilities for style playback notes, depending on the particular root note and chord type that are selected. The style data is appropriately
converted depending on the chord changes you make during your performance.
This basic style data that you create with the Style Creator is referred to as the
“Source Pattern.”
● Note Transposition............................................................ page 121
Other Settings
HIGH KEY
(Upper limit of the octaves of the note transposing caused
by the Chord Root change)
NOTE LIMIT (Note range in which the note is sounded)
RTR
(Retrigger Rule that determines how notes held through
chord changes will be handled)
Output
113
The Style File Format (SFF) combines all of Yamaha’s auto accompaniment
(style playback) know-how into a single unified format. By using the Style Creator, you can take advantage of the power of the SFF format and freely create
your own styles.
The chart shown at left indicates the process by which the style is played back.
(This does not apply to the rhythm track.) These parameters can be set via the
Style Creator feature.
● Source Pattern................................................................... page 121
This parameter group features two parameters that determine how the notes of the
Source Pattern are to be converted in response to chord changes.
● Other Settings ................................................................... page 122
Using the parameters of this group, you can fine-tune how style playback responds
to the chords you play. For example, the Note Limit parameter allows you to have
the voices of the style sound as realistic as possible by shifting the pitch to an
authentic range — ensuring that no notes sound outside the natural range of the
actual instrument (e.g., very low notes of a piccolo sound).
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Reference
Style Creator (Digital Recording)
Basic Procedure (Style Creator)
1
First, select the desired style and one of its
sections.
2
Press the [DIGITAL RECORDING] button.
3
Press the [STYLE CREATOR] LCD button.
DIGITAL
RECORDING
SONG
STYLE
MULTI PAD
• Any voice can be selected for the RHY1 channel, with
the exception of Organ Flutes.
• Only Drum Kit/SFX Kit can be selected for the RHY 2
channel.
• For the non-rhythm channels (BASS - PHR 2), all voices
with the exception of the Organ Flutes voice/Drum Kit/
SFX Kit can be selected.
• You can also select the desired section for recording by
pressing the appropriate panel button. Pressing one of
the Section buttons (including the [AUTO FILL IN] button)
calls up the SECTION pop-up window, from which you
can change Sections.
• To actually enter the change, press the [OK] LCD button.
Select a section and part (channel) to be created or
recorded, and set the basic parameters for style creation.
4
After you’ve finished creating/editing a
style, make sure to execute the Save
operation. The recorded style will be lost
if you change to another style or you
turn the power off without executing the
save operation (page 69).
Execute Realtime recording.
Execute Assembly (page 118).
Edit the already-recorded parts (channels).
Execute Step Recording
using the Event List.
EXIT
When this button is
pressed, DELETE
will appear for parts
which contain data.
Set the desired part
to “DELETE” by
pressing the corresponding upper
LCD button while
holding this button
to delete all data in
the corresponding
parts. The data is
actually deleted
when this button is
released.
Set the desired part (channel) to “REC” by pressing the corresponding lower LCD
button while holding the [REC CH] button. Only one part (channel) can be recorded
at a time.
Press the LCD up button to call up the Open/Save display for voices to change the
voice of the selected part. Press the [EXIT] button to return to this display.
You can also turn each part’s playback on/off durring recording by pressing the
lower LCD button.
Select a section to
be created.
Select the desired number of measures for the selected section
(except for FILL IN sections, which are fixed at 1 measure).
Press the [EXECUTE] LCD button to actually enter the new settings, and check it by pressing the [START/STOP] button in the
STYLE CONTROL section to hear style playback.
Press this if you want to create a style from scratch
by deleting all data of the selected style.
This operation corresponding to step #4
is covered in the following page.
• You cannot overdub-record (page 115) new material to any parts (channels)
that contain preset data, with the exception of the Rhythm parts (channels).
Make sure to delete preset data of non-Rhythm parts before recording, by
using the [DELETE] LCD button above.
Basic Settings and Realtime Recording for each part (channel)
The explanations here apply when you call up the BASIC page in step #4 of the Basic Procedure above. Refer to the illustrations
above for information about the basic style creation parameters. For actual instruction steps for recording, see the sections below.
■ Recording note events to a Rhythm part (channel) ..................................................
1
TYROS Owner’s Manual
114
116
Select one of the Rhythm parts as a recording part on the BASIC display (above).
Reference
Style Creator (Digital Recording)
2
Press the STYLE CONTROL [START/STOP] button to start recording of the Rhythm part.
You can hear the selected style in a playback loop as you record. Turn the playback parts on/off as desired.
3
Overdub drum/percussion instruments to the part by playing the appropriate keys.
You can also delete certain percussion sounds while recording. While holding the [RHY CLEAR] LCD button, press the key on the keyboard corresponding to the instrument you want to cancel. This Rhythm Clear
function deletes all instances of the instrument in the part.
4
Press the STYLE CONTROL [START/STOP] button again to stop recording (looped playback).
■ Recording note events to a Bass/Chord/Pad/Phrase part (channel) ............................
1
Select one of the parts (other than a Rhythm part) by following the instructions in step #4 of
“Basic Procedure” on page 116.
You cannot record new material to the Bass/Chord/Pad/Phrase part (channel) that has preset data. If the
selected part to be recorded has preset data, make sure to delete it (in step #4 of “Basic Procedure” on page
116).
2
Start recording.
You can start recording in one of two ways:
• Press the STYLE CONTROL [START/STOP] button.
• Press the STYLE CONTROL [SYNC START] button to enable Synchro Start standby, then play a key
on the keyboard.
Turn the playback parts on/off as desired.
The recording repeats indefinitely (until stopped) in a loop. Notes that you record will play back from the next
repetition, letting you record while hearing previously recorded material.
Rules when recording non-rhythm parts
● Use only the CM7 scale tones when recording the BASS and PHRASE parts (i.e., C,
D, E, G, A, and B).
● Use only the chord tones when recording the CHORD and PAD parts (i.e., C, E, G,
and B).
C R C
C R C
C = Chord notes
C, R = Recommended notes
• For the INTRO and ENDING sections, any appropriate chord or
chord progression can be used.
(You need not follow the rules
described at left.)
• If you want to record the pattern
with a Source Chord other than
CM7, set the PLAY ROOT and
PLAY CHORD parameters on the
PARAMETER page (page 120)
before performing step #2.
Using the data recorded here, the auto accompaniment (style playback) is appropriately
converted depending on the chord changes you make during your performance. The
chord which forms the basis for thios note conversion is called the Source Chord, and
is set by default to CM7 (as in the example illustration above).
You can change the Source Chord (its root and type) fromthe PARAMETER display on page 120. Keep in
mind that when you change the Source Chord from the default CM7 to another chord, the chord notes and
recommended notes will also change. For details on chord notes and recommended notes, see page 121.
3
Press the STYLE CONTROL [START/STOP] button again to stop recording (and looped
playback).
Step Recording for Notes using the Event List
115
The explanations here apply when you call up the EDIT page in step #4 of the Basic Procedure on page 116. The EDIT page
contains the Event List, in which you can record notes with absolutely precise timing. This Step Recording procedure is essentially the same as that for Song Recording (pages 100 - 105), with the exception of the points listed below:
• In the Song Creator, the End Mark position can be changed freely; in the Style Creator, it cannot be changed. This is because
the length of the style is automatically fixed, depending on the selected section. For example, if you create a style based on
a section of four measures length, the End Mark position is automatically set to the end of the fourth measure, and cannot
be changed in the Step Recording display.
• Recording channels (parts) can be changed in the Song Creator; however, they cannot be changed in the Style Creator.
• In the Style Creator, only the channel events and System Exclusive messages can be entered. Chord and Lyrics events are
not available. You can switch between the two types of Event Lists by pressing the LCD [F] button.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
117
Reference
Style Creator (Digital Recording)
Assembling a Style from Existing Pattern Data
The explanations here apply when you call up the ASSEMBLY page in step #4 of the Basic Procedure on page 116. This convenient function lets you combine style elements — such as rhythm, bass, and chord patterns — from existing styles, and use them
to create your own original sections and styles.
Assembling pattern data as shown below at left using “Cool 8Beat” as a basis, for example, results in the display below at right.
Hard Rock
8Beat Modern
Rhythm 1
Rhythm 2
Bass
Rhythm 1
Rhythm 2
Bass
Chord 1
Chord 2
Pad
Phrase 1
Phrase 2
Chord 1
Chord 2
Pad
Phrase 1
Phrase 2
Live 8Beat
Rhythm 1
Rhythm 2
Bass
Chord 1
Chord 2
Pad
Phrase 1
Phrase 2
Select the desired part
(channel) by pressing one
of the LCD [A] - [D], [F] - [I]
buttons and press the
same button to call up the
Open/Save display for
styles, from which you can
select the desired style.
After selecting the style,
press the [EXIT] button to
return to this display, then
select the desired sections
and channels to be copied.
Determines the playback setting for each
channel. You can assemble the accompaniment style while the style section and
channel that will be copied are playing.
• SOLO
Mutes all but the selected channel.
Any parts (channels) set to ON in the
RECORD pop-up window on the BASIC
page are played back simultaneously.
• ON
Plays back the selected part (channel).
Any parts (channels) set to ON in the
RECORD pop-up window on the BASIC
page are played back simultaneously.
• OFF
Mutes the selected part (channel).
After you’ve finished creating/editing a
style, make sure to execute the Save
operation. The recorded style will be lost
if you change to another style or you
turn the power off without executing the
save operation (page 69).
Groove and Dynamics
The explanations here apply to when you call up the GROOVE page in step #4 of the Basic Procedure on page 116. These versatile
features give you a wide variety of tools for changing the rhythmic feel of your created style.
Use these to select the
desired edit operation.
Executes the operation. After
the operation is completed, you
can hear the result and this button changes to [UNDO], letting
you restore the original data if
you’re not satisfied with the
Groove or Dynamics results.
The Undo function only has one
level; only the previous operation can be undone.
This menu is available on both
of the GROOVE page and
DYNAMICS page.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
Determines the settings for each of
the Groove or Dynamics parameters
(see next page).
116
118
After you’ve finished creating/editing a
style, make sure to execute the Save
operation. The recorded style will be lost
if you change to another style or you
turn the power off without executing the
save operation (page 69).
Reference
Style Creator (Digital Recording)
■ Groove
This lets you add swing to the music or change the “feel” of the beat by making subtle shifts in the timing
(clock) of the style. The Groove settings are applied to all parts of the selected style.
ORIGINAL BEAT
Specifies the beats to which Groove timing is to be applied. In other words, if “8
Beat” is selected, Groove timing is applied to the 8th notes; if “12 Beat” is selected,
Groove timing is applied to 8th-note triplets.
BEAT CONVERTER
Actually changes the timing of the beats (specified in the ORIGINAL BEAT parameter above) to the selected value. For example, when ORIGINAL BEAT is set to “8
Beat” and BEAT CONVERTER is set to “12,” all 8th notes in the section are shifted
to 8th-note triplet timing. The “16A” and “16B” Beat Converter which appear when
ORIGINAL BEAT is set to “12 Beat” are variations on a basic 16th-note setting.
SWING
Produces a “swing” feel by shifting the timing of the back beats, depending on the
ORIGINAL BEAT parameter above. For example, if the specified ORIGINAL BEAT
value is “8 Beat”, the Swing parameter will selectively delay the 2nd, 4th, 6th, and
8th beats of each measure to create a swing feel. The settings “A” through “E”
produce different degrees of swing, with “A” being the most subtle and “E” being
the most pronounced.
FINE
Selects a variety of Groove “templates” to be applied to the selected section. The
“PUSH” settings cause certain beats to be played early, while “HEAVY” settings
delay the timing of certain beats. The numbered settings (2, 3, 4, 5) determine
which beats are to be affected. All beats up to the specified beat — but not including
the first beat — will be played early or delayed (for example, the 2nd and 3rd beats,
if “3” is selected). In all cases, “A” types produce minimum effect, “B” types produce
medium effect, and “C” types produce maximum effect.
■ Dynamics
117
This changes the velocity/volume (or accent) of certain notes in the style playback. The Dynamics settings are applied to each part (channel) or all parts (channels) of the selected style.
CHANNEL
Selects the desired channel (part) to which Dynamics is to be applied.
ACCENT TYPE
Determines the type of accent applied — in other words, which notes in the part(s)
are emphasized with the Dynamics settings.
STRENGTH
Determines how strongly the selected Accent Type (above) will be applied. The
higher the value, the stronger the effect.
EXPAND/COMP.
Expands or compresses the range of velocity values. Values higher than 100%
expand the dynamic range, while values lower than 100% compress it.
BOOST/CUT
Boosts or cuts all velocity values in the selected section/channel. Values above
100% boost the overall velocity, while values below 100% reduce it.
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Reference
Style Creator (Digital Recording)
Editing Data for each Channel
The explanations here apply when you call up the CHANNEL page in step #4 of the Basic Procedure on page 116.
these to select
1 Use
the desired edit
5
operation.
4
Executes the selected operation on
the respective page. After the operation is completed, you can hear the
result and this button changes to
[UNDO], letting you restore the original data if you’re not satisfied with
the result of each operation. The
Undo function only has one level;
only the previous operation can be
undone.
After you’ve finished creating/editing a style, make
sure to execute the Save
operation. The recorded
style will be lost if you
change to another style or
you turn the power off without executing the save
operation (page 69).
2
Select a channel
(part) of which data
edit is to be executed.
3
Set the parameters
for executing the
data edit.
QUANTIZE
Same as in the Song Creator. See page 96.
VELOCITY CHANGE
Boosts or cuts the velocity of all notes in the specified channel, according to the
percentage specified here.
BAR COPY
This function allows data to be copied from one measure or group of measures to
another location within the specified channel. SOURCE specifies the first (TOP)
and last (LAST) measures in the region to be copied. DEST specifies the first measure of the destination location, to which the data is to be copied.
BAR CLEAR
This function clears all data from the specified range of measures within the selected channel.
REMOVE EVENT
This function lets you remove specific events from the selected channel.
Making Style File Format Settings
The explanations here apply when you call up the PARAMETER page in step #4 of the Basic
Procedure on page 116. This display provides a variety of style controls — such as determining
how the pitch and sound of the recorded style change when playing the chords in the left-hand
range of the keyboard. Parameter settings on this display are available only when any of the nonrhythm parts are set to “REC” on the RECORD pop-up window on the BASIC page. For details
about the relationship between the parameters, refer to “Style File Format” on page 115.
1
4
Use these to
select the
desired edit
operation.
2
Select the desired
channel (part) to be
edited.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
3
• Normally in the Style Creator, you
can hear your original style-in-process with the Source Pattern.
However, there is a way to hear it
played by a specific chord and
root. To do this, set NTR to “Root
Fixed” and NTT to “Bypass,” then
change the newly displayed “Play
Root” and “Play Chord” parameters to the desired settings.
Set the parameters
of the channel
specified at left.
118
120
After you’ve finished creating/editing a style, make
sure to execute the Save
operation. The recorded
style will be lost if you
change to another style or
you turn the power off without executing the save
operation (page 69).
• When NTR is set to “Root Fixed ”
and NTT is set to “Bypass, ” the
“Source Root ” and “Source
Chord ” parameters are changed
to “Play Root ” and “Play Chord, ”
respectively. In this case, you can
change chords and hear the
resulting sound for all channels.
Reference
Style Creator (Digital Recording)
● SOURCE ROOT/CHORD
These settings determine the original key of the source pattern (i.e., the key used when recording the pattern). The default
setting of CM7 (with a Source Root of “C” and a Source Type of “M7”), is automatically selected whenever the preset
data is deleted prior to recording a new style, regardless of the Source Root and Chord included in the preset data. When
you change Source Root / Chord from the default CM7 to another chord, the chord notes and recommended notes will also
change, depending on the newly selected chord type.
When the Source Root C:
CM 6
CM
CM 7 (#11)
CM 7
C 7 (9)
CM add9
C 6 (9)
Cm
Caug
R C R
C
C R C
C R
C R C
C
C R
C
R C C
C
Cdim 7
C
C R
C R
C
C
C
R
C
C
C R C
R
C
R C
C R C
C R
C C C
C C
C
C
C C
C
C
C 1+5
C R
C
C
C R
Cdim
C
C C
C C
C
R C
C
C
C R
R
C 7 (b13)
C
C
R C
C
C
C
R
C
C C
C R C
C 1+2+5
Csus 4
C
CmM 7 (9)
C
R C C
C R C
C R
C 7 (b9)
C
C R C
C
C R C
C
R C
C 7 (13)
C
C R C
C C R
C
C R
C 7 (#11)
C
C C C
CmM 7
C
C R
R C
C 7 (9)
C C C
C R C
Cm 7 (11)
C
R C
C
C 1+8
C 7 aug
C C C
Cm 7 (9)
C 7 b5
C C
C
C R C R
C R C
C
C C
C
C
CM 7 aug
C R C
Cm (9)
C
C 7 (#9)
C
C R C
C 7 sus4
C R
R
R C
C
R C
C7
C
C R C
Cm 7 b5
Cm 7
Cm 6
C
C C R
C C
C C R
C R
C = Chord notes
C, R = Recommended notes
● NTR (Note Transposition Rule)
This determines the relative position of the root note in the chord, when converted from the Source Pattern in response to
chord changes.
ROOT TRANS
(Root Transpose)
ROOT FIXED (Root Fixed)
When the root note is transposed, the pitch relationship between notes is
maintained. For example, the notes C3, E3 and G3 in the key of C become F3, A3 and C4 when they are transposed to F. Use this setting for
channels that contain melody lines.
The note is kept as close as possible to the previous note range. For
example, the notes C3, E3 and G3 in the key of C become C3, F3 and A3
when they are transposed to F. Use this setting for channels that contain
chord parts.
When playing
a C major
chord.
When playing
an F major
chord.
When playing
a C major
chord.
When playing
an F major
chord.
● NTT (Note Transposition Table)
This sets the note transposition table for the source pattern.
BYPASS
No transposition. The part (channel) of which the NTT is set to this is played back without note conversion even
if you change the chord during style playback.
MELODY
Suitable for melody line transposition. Use this for melody channels such as Phrase 1 and Phrase 2.
CHORD
Suitable for chord transposition. Use this for the Chord 1 and Chord 2 channels, especially when they contain
piano or guitar-like chordal parts.
MELODIC MINOR
When the played chord changes from a major to a minor chord, this table lowers the third interval in the scale
by a semitone. When the chord changes from a minor to a major chord, the minor third interval is raised by a
semitone. Other notes are not changed. Use this for melody channels of Sections which respond only to major/
minor chords, such as Intros and Endings.
MELODIC MINOR 5th Var.
In addition to the Melodic Minor transposition above, augmented and diminished chords affect the 5th note of
the Source Pattern.
HARMONIC MINOR
When the played chord changes from a major to a minor chord, this table lowers the third and sixth intervals
in the scale by a semitone. When the chord changes from a minor to a major chord, the minor third and flatted
sixth intervals are raised by a semitone. Other notes are not changed. Use this for chord channels of Sections
which respond only to major/minor chords, such as Intros and Endings.
HARMONIC MINOR 5th Var.
In addition to the Harmonic Minor transposition above, augmented and diminished chords affect the 5th note
of the Source pattern.
NATURAL MINOR
When the played chord changes from a major to a minor chord, this table lowers the third, sixth and seventh
intervals in the scale by a semitone. When the chord changes from a minor to a major chord, the minor third,
flatted sixth and flatted seventh intervals are raised by a semitone. Other notes are not changed. Use this for
chord channels of Sections which respond only to a Major/minor chord such as Intros and Endings.
NATURAL MINOR 5th Var.
In addition to the Natural Minor transposition above, augmented and diminished chords affect the 5th note of
the Source pattern.
DORIAN
When the played chord changes from a major to a minor chord, this table lowers the third and seventh intervals
in the scale by a semitone. When the chord changes from a minor to a major chord, the minor third and flatted
seventh intervals are raised by a semitone. Other notes are not changed. Use this for chord channels of
Sections which respond only to a Major/minor chord such as Intros and Endings.
DORIAN 5th Var.
In addition to the Dorian transposition above, augmented and diminished chords.
119
● NTT BASS ON/OFF
The part (channel) for which this parameter is set to on recognizes on-bass chords allowed in the FINGERED ON BASS
fingering mode, regardless of the NTT setting.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
121
Reference
Style Creator (Digital Recording)
● HIGH KEY
This sets the highest key (upper octave limit) of the note transposition for the chord root change. Any notes calculated to be higher than
the highest key are transposed down to the next lowest octave. This setting is available only when the NTR parameter (page 121) is set
to “Root Trans.”
Example — When the highest key is F.
Root changes
CM
C#M
FM
F#M
Notes played
C3-E3-G3
C#3-F3-G#3
F3-A3-C4
F#2-A#2-C#3
● NOTE LIMIT
This sets the note range (highest and lowest notes) for voices recorded to the style channels. By judicious setting of this range, you can
ensure that the voices sound as realistic as possible — in other words, that no notes outside the natural range are sounded (e.g., high
bass sounds or low piccolo sounds). The actual notes that sound are automatically shifted to the set range.
Example — When the lowest note is C3 and the highest is D4.
Root changes
CM
C#M
FM
Notes played
E3-G3-C4
F3-G#3-C#4
F3-A3-C4
High Limit
Low Limit
● RTR
These settings determine whether notes stop sounding or not and how they change pitch in response to chord changes.
STOP
The notes stop sounding.
PITCH SHIFT
The pitch of the note will bend without a new attack to match the type of the new
chord.
PITCH SHIFT TO ROOT
The pitch of the note will bend without a new attack to match the root of the new
chord.
RETRIGGER
The note is retriggered with a new attack at a new pitch corresponding to the next
chord.
RETRIGGER TO ROOT
The note is retriggered with a new attack at the root note of the next chord. However, the octave of the new note remains the same.
Custom Style Recording via an External Sequence Recorder
If you have a favorite sequencer or sequence software, you can use that to create custom styles, instead of using the Style Creator on the TYROS.
■ Connections.........................................................................................................................................
• Connect the TYROS MIDI OUT to the sequencer MIDI IN, and the sequencer MIDI OUT to the TYROS MIDI IN.
• Make sure that the sequencer “ECHO” function is ON, and the TYROS LOCAL ON/OFF (page 146) is turned OFF.
■ Creating the Data .................................................................................................
• Record all sections and parts (channels) using a CM7 (C major seventh) chord.
• Record the parts on the MIDI channels listed at right, using the TYROS’ internal tone generator. If the TYROS is not used during recording, make sure to use XG voices on an XG- and
SFF- (Style File Format) compatible tone generator for optimum results.
• Record the sections in the order listed below, with a Marker Meta-event at the top of each
section. Enter the Marker Meta-events exactly as indicated in the chart on the next page
(including upper/ lower case characters and spaces).
• Also include an “SFF1” Marker Meta-event, “SInt” Marker Meta-event and style name Metaevent at 1|1|000 (the top of the sequence track), and the GM on Sys/Ex message (F0, 7E, 7F,
09, 01, F7). (“Timing” in the chart is based on 480 clocks per quarter note. “1|1|000” is clock
“0” of the first beat of the first measure).
• The data from 1|1|000 through 1|4|479 is the “Initial Setup,” and 2|1|000 through the end of
Ending B is the “Source Pattern.”
• The timing of Fill In AA and subsequent Marker Meta-events will depend on the length of
each section.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
MIDI Ch.
Rhythm1
9
Rhythm2
10
Bass
11
Chord1
12
Chord2
13
Pad
14
Phrase1
15
Phrase2
16
• Explanations here assume a
sequencer resolution of 480
clocks per quarter note. The
actual clock values here may differ
depending on your sequencer.
120
122
Part
Reference
Style Creator (Digital Recording)
Section
Length
Intro
255 measures max.
Main
255 measures max.
Fill In
1 measure
Ending
255 measures max.
The following charts indicate the valid MIDI events for both the
Initial Setup data and the Pattern data. Make sure to NOT enter any
events marked with a dash (—), nor any other events not listed here.
Channel Message
Event
Note Off
Initial
Setup
Source
Pattern
—
OK
Note On
—
OK
Program Change
OK
OK
Pitch Bend
OK
OK
Control #0 (Bank Select MSB)
OK
OK
Control #1 (Modulation)
OK
OK
Control #6 (Data Entry MSB)
OK
—
Control #7 (Master Volume)
OK
OK
Control #10 (Pan)
OK
OK
Control #11 (Expression)
OK
OK
Control #32 (Bank Select LSB)
OK
OK
Control #38 (Data Entry LSB)
OK
—
Control #71 (Harmonic Content)
OK
OK
Control #72 (Release Time)
OK
—
Control #73 (Attack Time)
OK
—
Control #74 (Brightness)
OK
OK
Control #84 (Portamento Control)
—
OK
Control #91 (Reverb Send Level)
OK
OK
Control #93 (Chorus Send Level)
OK
OK
Control #94 (Variation Send Level)
OK
OK
Control #98 (NRPN LSB)
OK
—
Control #99 (NRPN MSB)
OK
—
Control #100 (RPN LSB)
OK
—
Control #101 (RPN MSB)
OK
—
Initial
Setup
Source
Pattern
RPN & NRPN
121
Event
● Style Data Format
Timing
Marker
MetaEvent
1|1|000
1|1|000
SFF1
1|1|000
1|1|000
1|2|000
:
1|4|479
Slnt
2|1|000
:
3|4|479
Main A
4|1|000
:
4|4|479
Fill In AA
5|1|000
:
6|4|479
Contents
Comments
Initial Setup
Style Name
(Sequence/Track
Name Meta-Event)
GM on Sys/Ex
Initial Setup Events
2 bars Main Pattern
(up to 255 bars)
Corresponds to
MAIN A
1 bar Fill In Pattern
Corresponds to
FILL IN A
Intro A
2 bars Intro Pattern
(up to 255 bars)
Corresponds to
INTRO I
7|1|000
:
8|4|479
Ending A
2 bars Intro Pattern
(up to 255 bars)
Corresponds to
ENDING I
9|1|000
:
10|4|479
Main B
2 bars Intro Pattern
(up to 255 bars)
Corresponds to
MAIN B
11|1|000
:
11|4|479
Fill In BA
1 bar Fill In Pattern
Corresponds to
BREAK
12|1|000
:
12|4|479
Fill In BB
1 bar Fill In Pattern
Corresponds to
FILL IN B
13|1|000
:
14|4|479
Intro B
2 bars Intro Pattern
(up to 255 bars)
Corresponds to
INTRO II
15|1|000
:
16|4|479
Ending B
2 bars Intro Pattern
(up to 255 bars)
Corresponds to
ENDING II
17|1|000
:
18|4|479
Main C
2 bars Main Pattern
(up to 255 bars)
Corresponds to
MAIN C
19|1|000
:
19|4|479
Fill In CC
1 bar Fill In Pattern
Corresponds to
FILL IN C
20|1|000
:
21|4|479
Intro C
2 bars Intro Pattern
(up to 255 bars)
Corresponds to
INTRO III
22|1|000
:
23|4|479
Ending C
2 bars Intro Pattern
(up to 255 bars)
Corresponds to
ENDING III
24|1|000
:
25|4|479
Main D
2 bars Main Pattern
(up to 255 bars)
Corresponds to
MAIN D
26|1|000
:
26|4|479
Fill In DD
1 bar Fill In Pattern
Corresponds to
FILL IN D
Source Pattern
• The Initial Setup area from 1|2|000 through 1|4|479 is used
for voice and effect settings. Do not include note event data.
• The Main A data begins at 2|1|000. Any number of measures
from 1 to 255 can be used.
• Fill In AA begins from the top of the measure following the last
measure of the Main A pattern. In the chart this is 4|1|00, but this
is only an example and the actual timing will depend on the
length of Main A. Please note that all Fill Ins can be only 1 measure in length (refer to the Section/Length chart below).
System Exclusive
Event
Initial
Setup
Source
Pattern
RPN (Pitch Bend Sensitivity)
OK
—
Sys/Ex GM on
OK
—
RPN (Fine Tuning)
OK
—
Sys/Ex XG on
OK
—
RPN (Coarse Tuning)
OK
—
Sys Ex XG Parameter Change (Effect1)
OK
—
RPN (Null)
OK
—
Sys Ex XG Parameter Change (Multi Part)
—
—
NRPN (Vibrato Rate)
OK
—
OK
OK
DRY LEVEL
NRPN (Vibrato Delay)
OK
—
—
—
NRPN (EG Decay Time)
OK
—
Sys Ex XG Parameter Change (Drum Setup)
PITCH COARSE
OK
—
NRPN (Drum Filter Cutoff Frequency)
OK
—
PITCH FINE
OK
—
NRPN (Drum Filter Resonance)
OK
—
LEVEL
OK
—
NRPN (Drum EG Attack Time)
OK
—
PAN
OK
—
NRPN (Drum EG Decay Time)
OK
—
REVERB SEND
OK
—
NRPN (Drum Instrument Pitch Coarse)
OK
—
CHORUS SEND
OK
—
NRPN (Drum Instrument Pitch Fine)
OK
—
VARIATION SEND
OK
—
NRPN (Drum Instrument Level)
OK
—
FILTER CUTOFF FREQUENCY
OK
—
NRPN (Drum Instrument Pan)
OK
—
FILTER RESONANCE
OK
—
NRPN (Drum Instrument Reverb Send Level)
OK
—
EG ATTACK
OK
—
NRPN (Drum Instrument Chorus Send Level)
OK
—
EG DECAY1
OK
—
NRPN (Drum Instrument Variation Send Level)
OK
—
EG DECAY2
OK
—
TYROS Owner’s Manual
123
Reference
The Multi Pads
Quick Guide on page 38
Basic information about how to play the Multi Pads is explained in the “Quick Guide.” This section covers how the Multi
Pad data is managed on the Open/Save display and how to create (record) Multi Pad data.
Multi Pad Editing using the Open/Save display
Multi Pads are grouped in Banks or four each and handled as files from the Open/Save display.
You can call up the
Open/Save display for
Multi Pad Banks from the
Main display by pressing
the LCD [E] button.
MULTI PAD CONTROL
MULTI PAD CONTROL
MULTI PAD CONTROL
MULTI PAD CONTROL
MULTI PAD CONTROL
MULTI PAD CONTROL
MULTI PAD CONTROL
MULTI PAD CONTROL
MULTI PAD CONTROL
MULTI PAD CONTROL
These operations can be used on each individual pad, just
as with the banks on the display at left.
Settings here can be saved to user or disk drive as a bank
(file) on the Open/Save display.
You can use these operations to collect your favorite Multi
Pads and save custom Multi Pad Banks to the User or Disk
drive.
Instructions for these operations
are the same as in the other
Open/Save displays (such as
voices, songs, and styles).
Multi Pad Creating/Editing (Digital Recording)
The Multi Pad Creator lets you create your original Multi Pad phrases.
Basic Procedure (Multi Pad Creator)
1
Select a Multi Pad Bank to be edited or created
from the Open/Save display.
2
Press the [DIGITAL RECORDING] button.
3
Select “MULTI PAD CREATOR.”
The operations corresponding to step #4 are
covered in the following page.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
Create the Multi Pad data.
Select a menu.
After you’ve finished creating/editing a Multi Pad, make sure to
execute the Save operation. The recorded Multi Pad will be lost
if you change to another bank or you turn the power off without executing the save operation (page 69).
122
124
4
Reference
The Multi Pads
■ Multi Pad Realtime Recording ............................................................................................
The explanations here apply when you call up the RECORD page in step #4 of the Basic Procedure on
page 124.
1
Select a particular Multi Pad for recording. If you
want to create the Multi Pad data from scratch,
press the [NEW BANK] LCD button to call up an
empty bank.
Repeat of
3 Turn
each pad On or
4
Off.
5
Enter a name for each Multi
Pad, as desired.
2
Execute the Realtime
Recording.
6
After you’ve finished creating/editing a Multi Pad,
make sure to execute the
Save operation (page 69).
● Start recording
Press the [REC] LCD button to enable
Synchro Start. Recording begins automatically as soon as you play on the keyboard.
You can also start recording by pressing
the STYLE CONTROL [START/STOP]
button. This lets you record as much
silence as you want before the start of the
Multi Pad phrase.
If Chord Match is set to on for the Multi
Pad to be recorded, you should record
using the notes of the C major seventh
scale (C, D, E, G, A and B).
C R C
Turn Chord Match of
each pad On or Off.
C R C
C = Chord note
C, R = Recommended note
● Stop recording
Press the [STOP] LCD button or the panel
MULTI PAD [STOP] button to stop recording when you’ve finished playing the
phrase.
● Repeat On/Off
If the Repeat parameter is on for the selected pad, playback of the corresponding pad will continue
until the MULTI PAD [STOP] button is pressed. When you press the Multi Pads of which the Repeat
is turned on during song or style playback, playback will start and repeat in sync with the beat.
If the Repeat parameter is off for the selected pad, playback will end automatically as soon as the end
of the phrase is reached.
● Chord Match On/Off
If the Chord Match parameter is on for the selected pad, the corresponding pad is played back according to the chord specified in the chord section of the keyboard generated by turning [ACMP] on, or
specified in the LEFT voice section of the keyboard generated by turning [LEFT] on (when turning
the [ACMP] off).
■ Multi Pad Step Recording using the Event List ..........................................................
123
The explanations here apply to when you call up the EDIT page in step #4 of the Basic Procedure on
page 124. The EDIT page indicates the Event list that lets you record notes with absolutely precise
timing. This Step Recording procedure is essentially the same as that for Song Recording (pages 100 105), with the exception of the points listed below:
• There is no LCD button for switching channels, since Multi Pads contain data for only a single
channel.
• In the Multi Pad Creator, only the channel events and System Exclusive messages can be entered.
Chord and Lyrics events are not available. You can switch between the two types of Event Lists by
pressing the LCD [F] button.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
125
Reference
Music Finder
Quick Guide on page 40
This section briefly shows how to create and edit Music Finder records, and gives information about the structure and
organization of Music Finder data. For basic instructions on using Music Finder, see the “Quick Guide.”
Music Finder Record Editing
From the [MUSIC FINDER] → RECORD EDIT display, you can call up existing records and edit them to suit your preferences.
You can even use this to create your own Music Finder records which are saved to internal Flash ROM automatically.
Enter each item in the same way as
done in the Search display.
Clears the selected record. The deleted
record number becomes empty.
Press this LCD button to add the currently edited record to the Music Finder
as a new record.
Press this to store the settings here to the
current record on Flash ROM and return
back to the MUSIC FINDER display.
Press this to cancel the operation and
return to the MUSIC FINDER display.
Determines the genre
to which the current
record belongs.
Determines the tempo set
when this record is
selected.
• You can also change a preset
record to create a new one. If you
want to keep the original preset,
make sure to name and register
the edited record as a new record.
Preset records can also be
cleared.
• Keep in mind that the Beat setting
made here is only for the Music
Finder search function; this does
not affect the actual Beat setting
of the style itself.
• The maximum number of records
is 2500, including preset records.
Creates a new genre for inclusion of the current record, and
lets you enter a genre name.
Adds the currently
edited record to the
Favorite page.
Saving Music Finder Records as a single file
All Music Finder records created and stored on the internal Flash ROM can be handled together as a single file. Keep in mind that
individual records (panel setups) cannot be handled as separate files.
Music Finder
Flash ROM
Record
Preset Records
(editable)
The Open/Save display for the Music Finder called up
via [FUNCTION] → UTILITY → SYSTEM RESET →
MUSIC FINDER lets you save the Music Finder file to
the User or Disk drive.
All records can be saved together as a single file.
Record
Records added from the
Music Finder display.
Up to 2500 records can be created and saved.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
124
126
Reference
Music Finder
■ Restoring the Factory-programmed Music Finder.....................................................
The operation below lets you restore the TYROS’ Music Finder to its original factory settings.
1
2
Select “UTILITY.”
3
Checkmark the MUSIC FINDER box.
Press the [FUNCTION] button.
MENU
LP
FUNCTION
SOUN
CREA
4
Executes the Factory Reset operation for the Music Finder.
This operation automatically deletes all
your original records from internal memory and replaces them with the factory
Music Finder data.
■ Calling up Music Finder files saved to User or Disk drive .....................................
You can call up Music Finder data saved to any of the installed drives by the following procedure.
Select the desired Music Finder file from
the User or Disk drive.
Call up the Open/Save display for the Music
Finder via [FUNCTION] → UTILITY → SYSTEM
RESET → MUSIC FINDER.
All Music Finder records
can be stored together as a
single file.
When selecting a stored file,
a message appears prompting you to replace or append
the records as desired.
REPLACE
All Music Finder records
currently in the instrument
are deleted and replaced
with the records of the
selected file.
APPEND
The records called up are
added to the vacant
record numbers.
Select one of the settings
above to call up the Music
Finder file. Select “CANCEL” to abort this operation.
125
You can select a Music Finder file from the
Preset drive. This file is the factory-programmed Music Finder.
Selecting “REPLACE” automatically deletes all your
original records from internal memory and replaces
them with the factory Music
Finder data.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
127
Reference
Registration Memory
Quick Guide on page 51
Basic instructions on using the Registration Memory are explained in the “Quick Guide.” This section gives detailed
information on the Freeze and Registration Sequence functions not covered in the “Quick Guide.”
■ About User Voices and Registration Memory .......................................................................................
When you memorize a panel setup to Registration Memory that uses a User voice (on the User or Disk drive), keep in mind
that the actual User voice is not memorized to Registration Memory — only its settings are.
Registration Memory saves and recognizes a User voice as:
• The preset voice on which the User voice is based
• The parameter settings made in Sound Creator
Selecting a Registration Memory number with User voice calls up the two above, and not the User voice on the drive. This
means that the actual User voice could be changed or even deleted from the drive, and yet still be available in Registration
Memory.
Freeze
Quick Guide on page 53
This section briefly covers details on the Freeze function. For basic instructions on Freeze, refer to the “Quick Guide.”
1
Call up the Registration Freeze display via [FUNCTION] → FREEZE and
select the parameter group to be “frozen” or unchanged.
Settings in the Registration
Freeze display are automatically saved to Flash ROM when
you exit from the display. However, if you turn the power off
without exiting from this display, the settings will be lost.
MENU
FUNCTION
SOUN
CREA
Select a parameter group
to be set.
These enter and remove checkmarks from the parameter groups. If you want a parameter group to remain
unchanged even when changing Registration Memory
numbers, enter a checkmark to the appropriate box.
2
3
• The settings on the Registration
Freeze display can be saved to
the User or Disk drive on the
[FUNCTION] → UTILITY → SYSTEM SETUP display as a System
Setup file (page 65).
Turn the [FREEZE] button on.
FREEZE
You can check whether your Freeze settings are correct or not by changing the Registration Memory number.
Registration Sequence
As convenient as the Registration Memory buttons are, there may be times during a performance when you want to quickly switch
between settings — without having to take your hands from the keyboard. The convenient Registration Sequence function lets
you call up the presets in any order you specify, by simply using the [BACK]/[NEXT] buttons or the pedal as you play.
BACK
NEXT
FREEZE
REGISTRATION MEMORY
1
2
Select a Registration Memory bank of which the sequence is programmed.
Call up the Registration Sequence display via [FUNCTION] → REGISTRATION
SEQUENCE.
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128
Two functions – changing a Bank according to the order listed on the Open/
Save display and changing the Memory number according to the order determined from the Registration Sequence display – can be assigned to the
[BACK]/[NEXT] button and the foot pedal connected to the TYROS.
Reference
Registration Memory
3
Program the Registration Sequence.
Determines which pedal is used to reverse (decrement)
through the sequence.
Determines which pedal is used to advance (increment)
through the sequence.
Indicates the file name of the selected
Registration Memory bank.
Turns the Registration Sequence
function on/off. When this is set to
“ON,” the programmed Registration Sequence is shown at the top
right of the Main display, and you
can step through the sequence in
this display by using the [BACK]/
[NEXT] buttons or the pedal.
Indicates the Registration Memory preset numbers, in the order
of the current Registration
Sequence.
These move the cursor position in the sequence.
The controls in this section
are used for specifying the
order for calling up Registration Memory number as
a Registration Sequence.
Deletes all Registration Memory
numbers in the sequence.
Deletes the number at the cursor position.
Inserts the number of the currently selected Registration
Memory preset immediately before the cursor position.
Replaces the number at the cursor position with the currently
selected Registration Memory number.
• When both “Regist (+) Pedal” and
“Regist (-) Pedal” are set to “OFF,”
the pedals cannot be used to step
through the Registration
Sequence; only the [BACK]/
[NEXT] buttons can be used in the
MAIN display.
Registration Sequence data is
included as part of the Registration
Memory bank file. To store your
newly programmed Registration
Sequence, save the current Registration Memory bank file (in step #5
below). Any Registration Sequence
data is lost when changing Registration Memory banks or when turning
the power off, unless you’ve saved it
with the Registration Memory bank
file.
Determines how Registration Sequence behaves when reaching the end of the
sequence.
STOP
Pressing the [NEXT] button or the “advance” pedal has no effect.
The sequence is “stopped.”
TOP
The sequence starts again at the beginning.
NEXTBANK The sequence automatically moves to the beginning of the next
Registration Memory bank in the same folder.
4
After setting the REGISTRATION SEQUENCE ENABLE to on, press the [EXIT] button
to return to the Main display and confirm whether the Registration Memory numbers
are called up according to the sequence programmed above.
• Use the [NEXT] button to call up the Registration Memory numbers in the order of the sequence,
or use the [BACK] button to call them up in reverse order. The [BACK]/[NEXT] buttons can only
be used for Registration Sequence when the Main display is called up.
• Use a connected foot pedal to select the Registration Memory numbers in order. The foot pedal can
be used for Registration Sequence no matter which display is called up (except for the display in
step #3 above).
BACK
NEXT
The Registration Sequence is indicated at the top
of the Main display, letting you confirm the currently
selected number.
BACK
NEXT
When the SEQUENCE END is set to “NEXT
BANK,” the sequence automatically moves to the
beginning of the next Registration Memory bank in
the same folder.
• You can easily resets the Registration Sequence
and go back to the first entry by holding down the
pedal for a few seconds (the red box indicator at the
top right goes out). Press and release the foot
pedal to re-select the first entry in the sequence.
127
5
Call up the Open/Save display for the Registration Memory Bank and save the Registration Sequence setting as a Registration Memory Bank file.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
129
Reference
Using a Microphone
Quick Guide on page 46
Connect a microphone to the TYROS and take advantage of the following features:
● Song Score and Lyrics display (pages 88, 90) — for ease in following along with a song.
● Guide (page 48) — for practicing your singing and learning the proper pitches.
● Vocal Harmony (page 47) — for automatically adding harmony vocals to your voice.
● Talk (page 132) — for instantly changing the microphone settings, for making announcements between songs.
You can also apply DSP effects to your voice or make other microphone-related settings from the Mixing Console
display (page 134).
Make sure to adjust the INPUT VOLUME so that the SIGNAL
lamp lights but the OVER lamp does not.
MIC
VOCAL
HARMONY
INPUT VOLUME
MIC / LINE IN
SIGNAL
EFFECT
VH TYPE
SELECT
MIC
SETTING
This calls up the Microphone setting display
and lets you adjust the level of the microphone
and vocal harmony effect.
This calls up the Vocal Harmony Type selection display
and lets you not only select the desired harmony type
but also edit/create your original Vocal Harmony type.
OVER
FADE
IN / OUT
MIN
TALK
MAX
Determines the on/off setting of the effect applied to the
microphone, set in the Mixing Console display.
This convenient function lets you temporarily cancel the vocal harmony or other microphone effects when using a connected microphone. This is especially useful when you talk between songs during
a performance.
This turns the Vocal Harmony effect on or off. If you connect a microphone to
the TYROS, you can sing along with the song or style and have vocal harmony parts added automatically.
Vocal Harmony Edit
This section explains briefly how to create your own Vocal Harmony types, and lists the detailed parameters for editing. Up to
ten Vocal Harmony types can be created and saved. For basic instructions on using Vocal Harmony, refer to the “Quick Guide.”
1
The settings here will be
lost if you change to
another Vocal Harmony
type or you turn the power
off without executing the
save operation.
Press the [VH TYPE
SELECT] button.
5
VH TYPE
SELECT
Save the edited Vocal Harmony type to the User
drive.
2
Select the desired Vocal
Harmony type in the same
way as done in the Open/
Save display.
Press the [EDIT]
LCD button.
4
a Vocal Harmony
3 Select
type to be edited.
Select the desired
parameter to be edited
and adjust the value.
(Refer to the list below.)
Vocal Harmony Edit parameters
Determines how the harmony notes are applied to the microphone sound when the
Harmony mode (page 133) is set to “VOCODER.”
CHORDAL TYPE
Determines how the harmony notes are applied to the microphone sound when the
Harmony mode (page 133) is set to “CHORDAL.”
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130
VOCODER TYPE
Reference
Using a Microphone
Determines whether the gender of the harmony sound is changed or not.
HARMONY GENDER TYPE
Off
The gender of the harmony sound is not changed.
Auto
The gender of the harmony sound is changed automactically.
Determines whether and how the gender of the lead vocal sound (i.e., the direct
microphone sound) will be changed. Please note that the number of harmony notes
differs depending on the selected type. When set to Off, three harmony notes are
produced. Other settings produce two harmony notes.
Off
LEAD GENDER TYPE
No gender change occurs.
Unison
No gender change occurs. You can adjust the LEAD GENDER DEPTH below.
Male
The corresponding gender change is applied to the lead vocal.
Female
The corresponding gender change is applied to the lead vocal.
LEAD GENDER DEPTH
Adjusts the degree of lead vocal gender change. This is available when the LEAD
GENDER TYPE above is set to other than Off.
The higher the value, the more “feminine” the harmony voice becomes. The lower
the value, the more “masculine” the voice.
LEAD PITCH CORRECTION
When “Correct” is selected the pitch of the lead vocal is shifted in precise semitone
steps. This parameter is only effective when the LEAD GENDER TYPE above is
set to other than Off.
UPPER GENDER
THRESHOLD
Gender change will occur when the harmony pitch reaches or exceeds the specified number of semitones above the lead vocal pitch.
LOWER GENDER
THRESHOLD
Gender change will occur when the harmony pitch reaches or exceeds the specified number of semitones below the lead vocal pitch.
UPPER GENDER DEPTH
Adjusts the degree of gender change applied to harmony notes higher than the
UPPER GENDER THRESHOLD.
The higher the value, the more “feminine” the harmony voice becomes. The lower
the value, the more “masculine” the voice.
LOWER GENDER DEPTH
Adjusts the degree of gender change applied to harmony notes lower than the
LOWER GENDER THRESHOLD.
The higher the value, the more “feminine” the harmony voice becomes. The lower
the value, the more “masculine” the voice.
VIBRATO DEPTH
Sets the depth of vibrato applied to the harmony sound. Also affects the lead vocal
sound when the LEAD GENDER TYPE above is set to other than Off.
VIBRATO RATE
Sets the speed of the vibrato effect. Also affects the lead vocal sound when the
LEAD GENDER TYPE above is set to other than Off.
VIBRATO DELAY
Specifies the length of the delay before the vibrato effect begins when a note is
produced. Higher values result in a longer delay.
HARMONY1/2/3 VOLUME
Sets the volume of the first/second/third harmony note.
Specifies the stereo (pan) position of the first/second/third harmony note.
129
HARMONY1/2/3 PAN
Random
The stereo position of the sound will change randomly whenever the keyboard
is played.
-63 – 0 – +63
A setting of -63 pans the sound hard left, while 0 is at center, and +63 is at hard
right.
HARMONY1/2/3 DETUNE
Detunes the first/second/third harmony note by the specified number of cents.
PITCH TO NOTE
When this is set to “ON,” you can “play” the voices of the TYROS with your voice.
(The TYROS tracks the pitch of your voice and converts it to note data for the tone
generator. Keep in mind, however, that dynamic changes in your voice do not
affect the volume of the tone generator.)
PITCH TO NOTE PART
Determines which of the TYROS parts will be controlled by the lead vocal when the
Pitch to Note parameter is “ON.”
TYROS Owner’s Manual
131
Reference
Using a Microphone
Talk Setting
This function is ideal for making announcements between your singing performances. When singing a song, several effects such
as reverb, delay and vocal harmony are usually assigned to the MIC Setup. When speaking to your audience, however, these
effects may sound disturbing or unnatural. Whenever the [TALK] button is turned on, Delay and Vocal Harmony effects turn off
and the amount of reverb lowers automatically. Talk settings can be customized as well, allowing you to add any desired effects
to your voice as you speak to your audience. Turning the [TALK] button off automatically recalls the MIC Setup for singing again.
Select a menu.
If necessary, use the [BACK]/
[NEXT] buttons to call up the Talk
Setting display.
MIC
SETTING
Settings in the Talk Settings display
are automatically saved to Flash
ROM when you exit from the display. However, if you turn the
power off without exiting from this
display, the settings will be lost.
Press the [MIC SETTING]
button.
For singing
For talking
MIC
VOCAL
HARMONY
TALK
EFFECT
• The settings on the Talk Setting
display can be saved to the User
or Disk drive on the [FUNCTION]
→ UTILITY → SYSTEM SETUP
display as a System Setup file
(page 65)
MIC
VOCAL
HARMONY
TALK
EFFECT
Talk Setting Parameters
VOLUME
This determines the output volume of the microphone sound.
PAN
This sets the stereo pan position of the microphone sound.
REVERB DEPTH
These set the depth of the reverb effects applied to the microphone sound.
CHORUS DEPTH
These set the depth of the chorus effects applied to the microphone sound.
TOTAL VOLUME ATTENUATOR
This determines the amount of attenuation to be applied to the overall
sound (excepting the microphone input) — allowing you to effectively adjust the balance between your voice and the overall instrument sound.
DSP MIC ON/OFF
This turns the DSP effect applied to the microphone sound ON or OFF.
DSP MIC TYPE
This selects the type of DSP effect to be applied to the microphone sound.
DSP MIC DEPTH
This sets the depth of the DSP effect applied to the microphone sound.
Microphone Overall Settings
Press the [MIC SETTING] button.
MIC
SETTING
A
F
B
G
C
H
D
I
E
J
Set each parameter.
If necessary, press the
[BACK]/[NEXT] button to
call up the Microphone
Overall Settings display.
Select the row at which
the desired parameters
are located by pressing
the corresponding LCD
button.
Settings in the Microphone
Overall Settings display are
automatically saved to Flash
ROM when you exit from the
display. However, if you turn
the power off without exiting
from this display, the settings
will be lost.
■ 3BAND EQ
EQ (Equalizer) is a processor that divides the frequency spectrum into multiple bands which can be boosted or cut as
required to tailor the overall frequency response. The TYROS features a high grade three-band digital equalizer function
for the microphone sound.
● Hz ...............Adjusts the center frequency of the corresponding band.
● dB...............Boosts or cuts the level of the corresponding band by up to 12 dB.
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132
Reference
Using a Microphone
■ NOISE GATE
This effect mutes the input signal when the input from the microphone falls below a specified level. This effectively cuts
off extraneous noise, allowing the desired signal (vocal, etc.) to pass.
● SW (Switch) ............. This turns Noise Gate on or off.
● TH. (Threshold) ....... This adjusts the input level at which the gate begins to open.
■ COMPRESSOR
This effect holds down the output when the input signal from the microphone exceeds a specified level. This is especially
useful for smoothing out vocals that have widely varying dynamics. It effectively “compresses” the signal, making soft
parts louder and loud parts softer.
● SW (Switch) ............. This turns Compressor on or off.
● TH. (Threshold) ....... This adjusts the input level at which compression begins to be applied.
● RATIO ........................ This adjusts the compression ratio.
● OUT............................ Adjusts the final output level.
■ VOCAL HARMONY CONTROL
The following parameters determine how the harmony is controlled.
● VOCODER CONTROL
The Vocal Harmony effect is controlled by note data — the notes you play on the keyboard and/or the notes of the song
data. This parameter lets you determine which notes are used to control the harmony.
SONG CHANNEL
MUTE/PLAY
When set to “MUTE,” the channel selected below is muted (turned off) during keyboard performance or song playback.
OFF/1 - 16
When set to “OFF,” song data control over harmony is turned off. When set to one of the values
1 - 16, note data (played from a song on disk or external MIDI sequencer) contained on the
corresponding channel is used to control the harmony.
KEYBOARD
OFF
Keyboard control over harmony is turned off.
UPPER
Notes played to the right of the split point (page 112) control the harmony.
LOWER
Notes played to the left of the split point (page 112) control the harmony.
● BAL (Balance)
This lets you set the balance between the lead vocal (your own voice) and Vocal Harmony. Raising this value increases the
volume of the Vocal Harmony and decreases that of the lead vocal. When this is set to L<H63 (L: Lead Vocal, H: Vocal
Harmony), only the Vocal Harmony is output; when it is set to L63>H, only the lead vocal is output.
● MODE (Vocal Harmony mode)
All of the Vocal Harmony types fall into one of three modes which produce harmony in different ways. The harmony effect
is dependent on the selected Vocal Harmony mode, and this parameter determines how the harmony is applied to your
voice. The three modes are described below.
VOCODER
The harmony notes are determined by the notes you play on the keyboard and/ or song data.
CHORDAL
The harmony notes are determined by the following three types of chord: chords played in the chord
section of the keyboard (with the [ACMP] turned on), chords played in the LEFT voice section of the
keyboard (with the [ACMP] turned off and the [LEFT] turned on), and chords contained in song data
for controlling the harmony. (Not available if the song does not contain any chord data.)
AUTO
When the [ACMP] or [LEFT] is set to ON and if chord data exists in the song, the mode is automatically set to CHORDAL. In all other cases, the mode is set to VOCODER.
● CHORD
The following parameters determine which data in a recorded song is used for chord detection.
OFF
Chords are not detected from the song data.
XF
Chords of XF format are used for the Vocal Harmony.
1 - 16
Chords are detected from note data in the specified song channel.
■ MIC (Microphone)
131
The following parameters determine how the microphone sound is controlled.
MUTE
When set to OFF, the microphone sound is turned off.
VOLUME
Adjusts the output volume of the microphone sound.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
133
Reference
Mixing Console
There are many components that make up the overall sound of the TYROS. These include MIDI sequence data from
the songs, styles, and Multi Pads, and audio input from a microphone, as well as the various parts of your keyboard
performance. The Mixing Console gives you control over the volume and pan settings of each of these components
— and some other settings as well — letting you fine-tune the overall sound of the TYROS.
Parts making up the TYROS sound
● Keyboard parts
● Multi Pad parts
Consists of RIGHT1, RIGHT2, RIGHT3, LEFT.
Consists of Multi Pads 1, 2, 3, and 4
PART SELECT
MULTI PAD CONTROL
LOWER
LEFT HOLD
LEFT
RIGHT1
RIGHT2
RIGHT3
UPPER
● Microphone sound part
PART ON/ OFF
Split Point (page 112)
● Style parts
● Song parts
Consists of 1 - 16 channels.
Consists of Rhythm 1, 2, Bass, Chord1, 2, Pad,
Phrase 1, 2
CHANNEL
ON /OFF
PART
Basic Procedure (Mixing Console)
2
1
Press the [MIXING
CONSOLE] button to
call up the Mixing
Console display.
Use the [BACK]/[NEXT] buttons
to call up the desired page.
3
Part Settings (page 135), Effects (page 136)
Part Settings (page 135), Equalizer (page 139)
Part Settings
(page 135)
Master Compressor (page 140)
Press the [MIXING CONSOLE] button several times
until the desired parts are
displayed.
Pressing the [MIXING CONSOLE] button alternates
among the displays as listed
below.
Line Out Settings (page 140)
BALANCE
MIXING
CONSOLE
PART
Quick Guide
on pages 36,
37, and 45
All parts
4
CHANNEL
ON / OFF
A
F
B
G
C
H
D
I
E
J
PART
Select the
row at which
the desired
parameters
are located by
pressing the
corresponding LCD button.
Style channels
Song channels 1-8
Song channels 9-16
The available displays above
may differ depending on the
page you selected in step #2.
4
5
6
Set each parameter.
If necessary, store the settings from the Mixing Console display.
Basic instructions on saving the settings are given below, and brief explanations of the parameters are on the next
page. For details on the parameters, refer to the separate Data List booklet.
• The settings of the keyboard parts, Style part, Maulti Pad part, and Microphone sound part can be memorized to the Registration Memory (page 51).
• The settings of the Song part can be saved as a song to the User or Disk drive. After setting, call up the
CHANNEL display of the Song Creator, press the [EXECUTE] LCD button on this display to reflect the
settings to the song data on RAM, then save the song to the User or Disk drive (page 55).
TYROS Owner’s Manual
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134
Reference
Mixing Console
Part Settings
The explanations here apply to step #5 of the Basic Procedure on page 134. The parameters explained below can be set on the
display pages called up in step #2 of the Basic Procedure on page 134.
VOL/VOICE page parameters
SONG AUTO REVOICE
See page 136.
VOICE
Calls up the VOICE display, from which you can select the desired
voice for each part. When the Style channels are called up in step #3
of the Basic Procedure on page 134, neither Organ Flutes voices nor
User voices can be selected. When the Song channels are called up in
step #3 of the Basic Procedure on page 134, User voices cannot be
selected. Please note that the voice of the Multi Pad cannot be
changed via the Mixing Console.
PANPOT
Determines the stereo position of the selected part (channel). A setting
of 0 pans the sound hard left, while 64 is at center, and 127 is at hard
right.
VOLUME
Determines the level of each part or channel, giving you fine control
over the balance of all the parts.
FILTER page parameters
HARMONIC CONTENT
Allows you to adjust the resonance effect (page 87) for each part.
BRIGHTNESS
Determines the brightness of the sound for each part by adjusting the
cutoff frequency (page 87).
• The RHY1 channel in the STYLE
PART display can be assigned to
any voice except the Organ Flute
voice.
• When playing GM song data,
channel 10 (in the SONG CH 9 16 page) can only be used for a
Drum Kit voice.
• When changing the rhythm/percussion voices (drum kits, etc.) of
the style and song from the
VOICE parameter, the detailed
settings related to the drum voice
are reset, and in some cases you
may be unable to restore the original sound. In the case of song
playback, you can restore the original sound by returning to the
beginning of the song and playing
back from that point. In the case of
style play, you can restore the
original sound by selecting the
same style again.
TUNE page parameters
PORTAMENTO TIME
Portamento is a function that creates a smooth transition in pitch from
the first note played on the keyboard to the next. The Portamento Time
determines the pitch transition time. Higher values result in a longer
pitch change time. Setting this to “0” results in no effect. This parameter
is available when the selected keyboard part is set to Mono (page 81).
PITCH BEND RANGE
Determines the range of the PITCH BEND wheel for each keyboard
part. The range is from “0” to “12” with each step corresponding to one
semitone.
OCTAVE
Determines the range of the pitch change in octaves, over two octaves
up or down for each keyboard part. The value set here is added to the
setting via the [OCTAVE] button.
TUNING
Determines the pitch of each keyboard part.
TRANSPOSE
Allows the pitch to be transposed up or down in semitone increments.
Setting this to “MASTER” transposes the overall sound of the instrument, while “SONG” transposes song playback, and “KEYBOARD”
transposes the keyboard pitch, as well as that of style playback and the
Multi Pads (since these are also affected by keyboard play in the lefthand section).
• As described at left, in addition to
the Master Transpose setting,
there are two other transpose controls: Keyboard Transpose and
Song Transpose. These can be
used to match both the song and
your keyboard performance to a
certain key. For example, let’s say
you wish to both play and sing
along with a certain recorded
song. The song data is in F, but
you feel most comfortable singing
in D, and you are accustomed to
playing the keyboard part in C. To
match up the keys, set the Master
Transpose to “0,” the Keyboard
Transpose to “2,” and the Song
Transpose to “-3.” This brings the
keyboard part up and the song
data down to your comfortable
singing key.
EFFECT page parameters
TYPE
Page 138
REVERB
Adjusts the Reverb Send Level (page 137) for each part or channel.
CHORUS
Adjusts the Chorus Send Level (page 137) for each part or channel.
DSP
Adjusts the DSP Effect Dry/Wet Level for each part or channel.
133
EQ page parameters
TYPE
Page 139
EDIT
Page 139
EQ HIGH
Determines the center frequency of the high EQ band that is attenuated/boosted for each part.
EQ LOW
Determines the center frequency of the low EQ band that is attenuated/
boosted for each part.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
135
Reference
Mixing Console
Song Auto Revoice
This feature lets you use the stunning sound of the TYROS to full advantage with XG-compatible song data. When you play back
any commercially available XG song data or that created on other instruments, you can use Auto Revoice to automatically assign
the specially created voices of the TYROS (Natural!, Live!, Cool!, etc.) instead of the conventional XG voices of the same type.
To do this, simply turn on Song Auto Revoice (from the VOL/VOICE display page), and the TYROS uses its unique, superior
sound set instead of the normal XG counterparts. You can even specify your own favorite voices for this function and make other
detailed settings via the [SETUP] LCD button.
Auto Revoice
Turns the Auto Revoice
function on or off.
XG voices contained in
the song data
Replaced voices of the
TYROS
Press these LCD buttons to
change the list of replaced
voices. See below for details.
Replaces all of the replaceable
XG voices with the rich and
authentic voices of the TYROS.
Replaces only the recommended voices that are suitable
for playing back the song.
All the voices are returned to the
original XG voices.
Selects the XG voices
to be replaced (voices
usually used when
playing back).
Selects the voices used
to replace the XG voices
(when SONG AUTO
REVOICE is set to ON).
Press the [OK] LCD button to execute
the settings and closes the Auto
Revoice Setup display.
Press the [CANCEL] LCD button to
close the Auto Revoice Setup screen
without executing the settings.
Effects
The TYROS has a wide variety of high-quality effects — including Reverb, Chorus, and a diverse selection of DSP (Digital Signal
Processor) effects — that can be used to independently enhance or change the sound of the various parts (keyboard, style, song,
Multi Pads, and microphone sound).
■ Effect Block
Parts to which the effects
are applied
Effect
Connection
Number of
User Effect
All parts
Reproduces the warm ambience of playing in
a concert hall or jazz club.
System
3
All parts
Produces a rich “fat” sound as if several parts
are being played simultaneously.
System
3
Style part (all channels)
+ Song part (all channels)
In addition to the Reverb and Chorus types,
the TYROS has special DSP effects, that include additional effects usually used for a specific part, such as distortion and tremolo.
System/
Insertion
3
RIGHT1, RIGHT2, RIGHT3,
LEFT, Song part (all channels)
Any unused DSP blocks are automatically assigned to the appropriate parts (channels) as
needed.
Insertion
10
Microphone sound
Dedicated for use only with the microphone
sound.
Insertion
10
Vocal Harmony
Microphone sound
Page 130
Insertion
10
Master EQ
All parts
Page 139
System
2
Page 135
—
0
Part EQ
Style part (all channels),
Multi Pad part, Song part (all
channels), RIGHT1,
RIGHT2, RIGHT3, LEFT
Master Compressor
All parts
Page 140
System
5
Reverb
Chorus
DSP1
DSP2
DSP3
DSP4
DSP5
DSP6
TYROS Owner’s Manual
134
136
Characteristics
Reference
Mixing Console
■ System Effects and Insertion Effects
All the effect blocks are connected or routed in one of two ways: System or Insertion. System applies
the selected effect to all parts, while Insertion applies the selected effect to one specific part.
The DSP 1 effect can be configured for either System or Insertion routing via the Effect Parameter
settings (page 138).
■ Effect Signal Flow Chart
System Effect
Reverb
Chorus
DSP1
When DSP1 is set as an System effect
Send Level
(set for each part or
channel)
Return Level
(set for all parts or
channels)
Insertion Effect
Assigned automatically to
respective parts as needed.
RIGHT 1
RIGHT 2
DSP2
RIGHT 3
DSP3
DSP4
LEFT
DSP5
Song part
(each channel)
Master
Compressor
Part EQ
Master EQ
Output
DSP1
Style part
(each channel)
When DSP1 is set as
an Insertion effect
Multi Pad
Microphone
sound
DSP6
Vocal
Harmony
• About DSP 1
In most cases, the DSP 1 effect block is available for either the song or style part. For songs and
styles, the effect block is applied to only the last selected or played part.
For example, when selecting or starting a song during style playback, the DSP 1 effect applied to the
style part is cancelled and is applied instead to the song part. Particularly if the style data originally
is processed with a distortion effect of DSP 1, this operation may result in disrupting the overall volume balance among the style parts (channels).
Note that the same problem may occur when starting or selecting a style during song playback.
135
• About DSP 2 - 5
The effect blocks DSP 2 through 5 are available independently for the keyboard parts and song
parts. Only that part which has been assigned to an effect block can use that effect. For example, if
you select or start a song, the DSP effect applied to the keyboard part is cancelled and is applied
instead to the song. Pressing the [DSP] button on the panel restores the corresponding effect block
to the current keyboard part (from the song).
TYROS Owner’s Manual
137
Reference
Mixing Console
■ Selecting an Effect type and creating a User Effect
Various types of Effects are provided for each Effect Block listed on page 137. Each Effect type can be
edited with the parameters (see the Effect Type Edit display below) and saved as a User Effect Type.
● Effect Type Selection display for each block
Select an Effect Block and a part to
which the corresponding effect is
applied. Please note that a part cannot
be selected if the selected block is used
as a System Effect. See the Effect
Block list on page 136.
● Effect Type Edit
Select an Effect type after
selecting a category.
● User Effect Type Save
Changes the name of the
Effect type selected at left.
Select a block to
which the desired
effect type
belongs.
When the edited effect block is
a System Effect, the Effect
Return Level parameter (page
137) can be adjusted here.
Set the value of the parameter selected at left.
Select a parameter to be edited. Parameters
displayed differ depending on the selected
Effect type. Refer to the separate Data List
booklet for details.
Pressing the [SAVE] LCD
button calls up the pop-up
window for entering the
name of the edited Effect
type. Enter the desired
name and press the [OK]
LCD button to save the
edited effect to the location
specified at left.
Select the destination to which the
effect is to be stored.
The number of memory spaces
available for the destination differs
for each block (page 136).
Select an Effect category/type to
be edited.
The value of the parameters when turning the [VARIATION] on
can be set as for the DSP2 - 5 blocks.
Use these LCD buttons to switch between the upper/lower
parameters. For the lower parameter, the depth can be changed
when the [VARIATION] button is on.
• Keep in mind that in some cases noise may result if you adjust
the effect parameters while playing the instrument.
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138
Reference
Mixing Console
Equalizer (EQ)
Equalizer (also called “EQ”) is a sound processor that divides the frequency spectrum into multiple bands which can be boosted
or cut as required to tailor the overall frequency response.
Usually an equalizer is used to correct the sound from speakers to match the special character of the room. The sound is divided
into several frequency bands, allowing you to correct the sound by raising or lowering the level for each band. EQ allows you to
adjust the tone or timbre of the sound to match the performance space, or to compensate for certain acoustic characteristics in
your room. For example, you can cut some of the low range frequencies when playing in large spaces where the sound is too
“boomy,” or boost the high frequencies in rooms and close spaces where the sound is relatively “dead” and free of echoes.
The TYROS possesses a high grade five-band digital EQ. With this function, a final effect—tone control—can be added to the
output of your instrument. You can even create your own custom EQ settings by adjusting the frequency bands, and save the
settings to one of two User Master EQ types. Along with the five Preset EQ settings, these can be called up as needed from the
[MIXING CONSOLE] → EQ display.
Bandwidth (also called “Shape” or “Q”)
Gain
0
Freq
(Frequency)
5 bands →
LOW
EQ1
LOWMID
EQ2
MID
EQ3
● Master EQ type selection and Part EQ adjusting
HIGHMID
EQ4
HIGH
EQ5
● Master EQ type editing
Use the [STORE] LCD
buttons to call up the
pop-up window for
entering the name of the
edited Master EQ type.
Enter the desired name
and press [OK] to save.
Up to two types of EQ
can be created and
saved.
Select a Master EQ type.
Selecting a Master EQ
type automatically set the
parameters displayed at
the bottom of this display.
The PRESET and USER curves
can be edited as required via the
corresponding buttons. Each of
the five bands can be boosted or
cut by up to 12 dB.
Adjusts the overall gain of
all EQ bands simultaneously.
137
Whenever an EQ band is edited, the corresponding EQ value is highlighted and the number of the edited band appears above the Q and
FREQ controls. The Q and FREQ controls can then be used to adjust
the Q (bandwidth) and the FREQ (center frequency) of the selected
band. The higher the “Q”, the narrower the bandwidth. The available
FREQ range is different for each band.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
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Reference
Mixing Console
Master Compressor
Compressor is an effect commonly used to limit and compress the dynamics (softness/loudness) of an audio signal. For signals
that vary widely in dynamics, such as vocals and guitar parts, it “squeezes” the dynamic range, effectively making soft sounds
louder and loud sounds softer. When used with gain to boost the overall level, this creates a more powerful, more consistently
high-level sound. Compression can be used to increase sustain for electric guitar, smooth out the volume of a vocal, or bring a
drum kit or rhythm pattern further up-front in the mix.
The TYROS has a sophisticated multi-band compressor that allows you to adjust the compression effect for individual frequency
bands — giving you detailed sonic control. You edit and save your own custom Compressor types, or conveniently select from
one of the presets by calling up the [MIXING CONSOLE] → CMP display.
● Master Compressor type selection and editing
Selecting a Master Compressor
type automatically sets the parameters (at the bottom of the display) to
the optimum values for the type.
● Master Compressor saving
Turns the Master
Compressor
effect on or off.
The following display lets you save the Master Compressor settings from the display
shown at left as a User Compressor type.
Changes the name of
the Master Compressor
type selected at left.
Determines the frequency curve for the
Compressor, or which
frequencies compression is applied to.
Determines the Threshold (minimum
level at which compression starts) and
Gain (level of the compressed signal at
three separate frequency bands). The
actual effect of the Gain settings depends
on the Basic Type at left.
Select the destination to which the
User Master compressor is to be
stored.
Pressing the [SAVE]
LCD button calls up the
pop-up window for
entering the name of the
edited Compressor
type. Enter the desired
name and press the
[OK] LCD button to save
the edited compressor
to the location specified
at left.
Line Out Settings
The [MIXING CONSOLE] → LINE OUT display allows you to send the output of a selected Part or Parts to the LINE OUT
jacks. For Drum Parts, you can even select specific drum sounds to be output through these jacks.
In general, the extensive built-in effects and other Part controls of the TYROS provide all you need for processing and mixing
complex multi-Part songs. However, there may be times when you want to “sweeten” or process a certain Voice or sound with a
favorite outboard effect unit, or record a Part to a separate track of a tape recorder. The Line Out settings are designed just for
these kinds of applications.
SUB
2
TYROS Owner’s Manual
R
MAIN
L /L+R
138
140
LINE OUT
1
Reference
Mixing Console
● Line Out settings for each part or channel
Set the output configuration for the
selected part by checkmarking or
un-checkmarking the appropriate
column (jack).
Select the desired part.
● Line Out settings for each instrument (key)
Set the output configuration for the selected drum sound
by checkmarking or un-checkmarking the appropriate column (jack).
• When checkmarking the box of “DEPEND ON PART”:
The selected drum sound will be output via the jacks
set from the PANEL page at left.
• When checkmarking the box of one of a column
other than “DEPEND ON PART”:
An individual percussion setting overrides the Part settings made from the PANEL page at left.
Select the desired drum instrument.
■ MAIN jacks
The part, channel or percussion sound of which the MAIN box is checkmarked will be
output from the following jacks. This output sound includes the effect settings.
• MAIN jacks on the rear panel
• PHONES jack
• LOOP SEND jack
• Optional Speaker
■ SUB jacks
139
The part, channel, or percussion sound of which the SUB1, SUB2, or SUB1&2 box is
checkmarked will be output from the jacks as described below.
• When any of the SUB1/SUB2/SUB1&2 boxs are checkmarked, the part (channel)
or percussion sound will be output via the corresponding jacks. In this case, only
Insertion effects can be applied; System effects and other effects will not be applied
to the output sound.
• When any of the SUB1/SUB2/SUB1&2 boxs are checkmarked, the part (channel)
or percussion sound will not be output through the PHONES jack.
• When the SUB1&2 box is checkmarked, the part (channel) or percussion sound will
be output in stereo (1: left, 2: right).
• When the SUB1/SUB2 box is checkmarked, the part (channel) or percussion sound
will be output in mono, respectively.
• When using one of the SUB Line
Out settings, make sure that
you’ve connected cables to the
appropriate LINE OUT SUB jacks
on the rear panel. If cables are
only connected to the MAIN jacks,
the sound of the Part will be output through the MAIN jacks, even
if one of the SUB1/SUB2/SUB1&2
is checkmarked.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
141
Reference
MIDI
Built into the rear panel of the TYROS are two sets of MIDI terminals (MIDI IN A/B, MIDI OUT A/B), and a USB terminal.
The MIDI Functions give you a comprehensive, powerful set of tools for expanding your music recording and performance
possibilities. This section explains what MIDI is, and what it can do, as well as how you can use MIDI on your TYROS.
What’s MIDI
No doubt you have heard the terms “acoustic instrument” and “digital instrument.” In the world today, these are the two main categories
of instruments. Let’s consider an acoustic piano and a classical guitar as representative acoustic instruments. They are easy to understand. With the piano, you strike a key, and a hammer inside hits some strings and plays a note. With the guitar, you directly pluck a
string and the note sounds. But how does a digital instrument go about playing a note?
● Acoustic guitar note production
● Digital instrument note production
Sampling Note
Sampling Note
Playing the keyboard
L
Pluck a string and the body resonates the
sound.
Tone Generator
(Electric circuit)
R
Based on playing information from the keyboard,
a sampling note stored in the tone generator is
played through the speakers.
As shown in the illustration above, in an electronic instrument the sampling note (previously recorded note) stored in the tone generator
section (electronic circuit) is played based on information received from the keyboard. So then what is the information from the keyboard that becomes the basis for note production?
For example, let’s say you play a “C” quarter note using the grand piano sound on the TYROS keyboard. Unlike an acoustic instrument
that puts out a resonated note, the electronic instrument puts out information from the keyboard such as “with what voice,” “with which
key,” “about how strong,” “when was it pressed” and “when was it released.” Then each piece of information is changed into a number
value and sent to the tone generator. Using these numbers as a basis, the tone generator plays the stored sampling note.
● Example of Keyboard Information
Voice number (with what voice)
01 (grand piano)
Note number (with which key)
60 (C3)
Note on (when was it pressed) and
note off (when was it released)
Timing expressed numerically (quarter note)
Velocity (about how strong)
120 (strong)
As described above, your keyboard performance and panel operations such as voice selection are handled as MIDI events. All the data
of Style, Song, and Multi Pad played back or recorded consist of MIDI messeages.
MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) allows electronic musical instruments to communicate with each other, by sending and
receiving compatible Note, Control Change, Program Change and various other types of MIDI data, or messages. The TYROS can
control a MIDI device by transmitting note related data and various types of controller data. The TYROS can be controlled by the
incoming MIDI messages which automatically determine tone generator mode, select MIDI channels, voices and effects, change parameter values and of course play the voices specified for the various parts. MIDI messages can be divided into two groups: Channel
messages and System messages.
Below is an explanation of the various types of MIDI messages which the TYROS can receive/transmit.
● Channel Messages
The TYROS is an electronic instrument that can handle 32 channels (16 channels x 2 ports). This is usually expressed as “it can
play 32 instruments at the same time.” Channel messages transmit information such as Note ON/OFF, Program Change, for each
of the 32 channels.
Message Name
TYROS Operation/Panel Setting
Note ON/OFF
Messages which are generated when the keyboard is played. Each message includes a
specific note number which corresponds to the key which is pressed, plus a velocity
value based on how hard the key is played.
Program Change
Voice selecting
Control Change
Volume, panpot (Mixing Console), etc.
Pitch Bend
Pitch Bend Wheel operation
● System Messages
This is data that is used in common by the entire MIDI system. System messages include messages like System Exclusive Messages
that transmit data unique to each instrument manufacturer and Realtime Messages that control the MIDI device.
Message Name
Effect type settings (Mixing Console), etc.
Realtime Messages
Clock setting, Start/stop operation
TYROS Owner’s Manual
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142
TYROS Operation/Panel Setting
System Exclusive Message
Reference
MIDI
MIDI channels
MIDI performance data is assigned to one of sixteen MIDI channels. Using
these channels, 1 - 16, the performance data for sixteen different instrument
Weather
parts can be simultaneously sent over one MIDI cable.
Report
NEWS
Think of the MIDI channels as TV channels. Each TV station transmits its
1
broadcasts over a specific channel.Your home TV set receives many different
2
programs simultaneously from several TV stations and you select the appropriate channel to watch the desired program.
MIDI operates on the same basic principle. The transmitting instrument sends MIDI data on a specific MIDI
channel (MIDI Transmit Channel) via a single MIDI cable to the receiving instrument. If the receiving instrument’s MIDI channel (MIDI Receive Channel) matches the Transmit Channel, the receiving instrument will
sound according to the data sent by the transmitting instrument.
For example, several parts or channels can be transmitted simultaneously, including the style data (as shown at
right).
As you can see, it is essential to determine which data is
to be sent over which MIDI channel when transmitting
MIDI data (page 146). The TYROS also allows you to
determine how the received data is played back (page
147).
Though MIDI is designed to handle up to sixteen channels, the use of separate MIDI “ports” allows for even
more. The TYROS has two MIDI ports, allowing simultaneous use of thirty-two channels.
2
NEWS
MIDI cable or
USB cable
TYROS part
External sequencer
Voice R1
Voice R2
Voice R3
Channel 1
Channel 2
Channel 3
Track 1
Track 2
Track 3
Voice L
Multi Pad 1
Multi Pad 2
Multi Pad 3
Channel 4
Channel 5
Channel 6
Channel 7
Track 4
Track 5
Track 6
Track 7
Multi Pad 4
Style Rhythm 1 (sub)
Channel 8
Channel 9
Track 8
Track 9
Style Rhythm 2 (main)
Style Bass
Style Chord 1
Channel 10
Channel 11
Channel 12
Track 10
Track 11
Track 12
Style Chord 2
Style Pad
Channel 13
Channel 14
Track 13
Track 14
Style Phrase 1
Style Phrase 2
Channel 15
Channel 16
Track 15
Track 16
MIDI connection between the TYROS and other MIDI instruments
MIDI messages (events) described above are transmitted or received via two sets of MIDI terminals (MIDI A
IN/OUT, MIDI B IN/OUT) or the USB connector.
● MIDI IN
● MIDI OUT
● USB
Receives MIDI data from another MIDI device. Two ports (A, B) are provided and each can receive
MIDI messages of 16 channels.
Transmits the TYROS’ keyboard information as MIDI data to another MIDI device. Two ports (A,
B) are provided and each can transmit MIDI messages of 16 channels.
Transmits and receives MIDI data to and from a computer. Both MIDI ports are accessable over
USB.
To transmit/receive MIDI data between two devices, a proper cable connection is needed. You can connect the
TYROS to another device by MIDI cables (using the MIDI terminals) or by a USB cable (using the USB
connectors). (See page 58.)
MIDI connection via MIDI cable
MIDI transmit
MIDI OUT
MIDI IN
TYROS
MIDI transmit
MIDI IN
MIDI OUT
MIDI OUT
MIDI receive
(playback)
MIDI IN
QY700
TYROS
MFC10
MIDI IN
MIDI OUT
MIDI receive
(control)
MIDI connection via USB cable
TYROS
USB
TYROS
B type
A type
141
USB cable
TYROS Owner’s Manual
143
Reference
MIDI
MIDI Data Compatibility
This section covers basic information on data compatibility: whether or not other MIDI devices can playback the data
recorded by TYROS, and whether or not the TYROS can playback commercially available song data or song data created
for other instruments or on a computer. Depending on the MIDI device or data characteristics, you may be able to play
back the data without any problem, or you may have to perform some special operations before the data can be played
back. If you run into problems playing back data, please refer to the information below.
Sequence format
“Sequence format” refers to the way in which MIDI data (for playback, such as songs and styles) is stored to disk. A
number of popular sequence formats described below are compatible with the TYROS. Playback is only possible when
the sequence format of the disk matches that of the MIDI device.
● SMF (Standard MIDI File)
This is the most common sequence format. Standard MIDI Files are generally available as one of two types: Format 0
or Format 1. Many MIDI devices are compatible with Format 0, and most commercially available software is recorded
as Format 0. The TYROS is compatible with both Format 0 and Format 1. Song data recorded on the TYROS is
automatically recorded as SMF Format 0.
● ESEQ
This sequence format is compatible with many of Yamaha’s MIDI devices, including the Clavinova series instruments.
This is a common format used with various Yamaha software. The TYROS is compatible with ESEQ.
● XF......................................................................... See page 8.
● STYLE FILE ......................................................... See page 8.
Voice allocation format
With MIDI, voices are assigned to specific numbers, called “program numbers.” The numbering standard (order of voice
allocation) is referred to as the “voice allocation format.” Voices may not play back as expected unless the voice allocation
format of the song data matches that of the compatible MIDI device used for playback.
● GM System Level 1............................................. See page 8.
● GM System Level 2............................................. See page 8.
● XG ........................................................................ See page 8.
● DOC ..................................................................... See page 8.
Preset MIDI settings (templates)
The TYROS gives you a set of comprehensive, flexible MIDI controls. It also gives you a set of ten pre-programmed
templates that let you instantly and easily reconfigure the instrument to match your particular MIDI application or external
device. Call up these templates from the [FUNCTION] → MIDI display (next page).
Descriptions
ALL PARTS
Transmits all parts including the keyboard parts (RIGHT1, 2, 3, LEFT).
KBD & STYLE
Basically the same as “ALL PARTS” with the exception of how keyboard parts are managed.
The right-hand parts are handled as a “UPPER” instead of RIGHT1 - 3 and the left-hand part is
handled as a “LOWER.”
Master KBD1
In this setting, the TYROS functions as a “master” keyboard, playing and controlling one or
more connected tone generators or other devices (such as a computer/sequencer).
Master KBD2
Basically the same as “Master KBD1” above, with the exception that Aftertouch messages are
not transmitted.
Clock Ext.A
Playback or recording (Song, Style, Multi Pad, etc.) synchronizes with an external MIDI clock
instead of the TYROS’ internal clock. This template is called up when you wish to set the tempo
on the MIDI device connected to the TYROS. Playback or Recording of the TYROS synchronizes with an external clock received via MIDI A.
MIDI Accord1
MIDI accordions allow you to transmit MIDI data and play connected tone generators from the
keyboard and bass/chord buttons of the accordion. This template lets you play melodies from
the keyboard and control style playback on the TYROS with the left-hand buttons.
MIDI Accord2
Basically the same as “MIDI Accord1” above, with the exception that the chord/bass notes you
play with your left hand on the MIDI Accordion are recognized also as MIDI note events.
MIDI Pedal1
MIDI pedal units allow you play connected tone generators with your feet (especially convenient
for playing single note bass parts). This template lets you play/control the chord root in style
playback with a MIDI pedal unit (connected to MIDI B only).
MIDI Pedal2
This template lets you play the bass part for style playback by using a MIDI pedal unit (connected to MIDI B only).
MIDI OFF
No MIDI signals are sent or received.
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144
Template name
Reference
MIDI
Basic Procedure (Function MIDI)
1
2
3
Select “MIDI.”
Select a MIDI template (page 144).
Press the [FUNCTION] button.
MENU
LP
FUNCTION
SOUN
CREA
6
Press the [EXIT] button to return to the
MIDI template display.
7
Save the MIDI settings on the displays
in step #5 to the USER page as a MIDI
template.
5
As desired, set the MIDI parameters.
MIDI System Settings (page 146)
MIDI Transmit Settings (page 146)
MIDI Receive Settings (page 147)
Setting the Chord Root for Style Playback via MIDI
receive (page 148)
Setting the Chord Type for Style Playback via MIDI
receive (page 148)
Settings for a connected MFC10 MIDI Foot Controller (page 148)
EXIT
4
Press the [EDIT] LCD button to call up the
display for setting the MIDI parameters.
143
Here you can see and edit the detailed settings
that correspond to the MIDI template selected in
step #3.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
145
Reference
MIDI
MIDI System Settings
The explanations here apply when you call up the SYSTEM page in step #5 of the Basic Procedure on page 145.
■ Local Control ......................................................................................................................................................
Turns the Local Control for each part on or off. When Local Control is set to “ON,” the keyboard of the TYROS controls its own (local)
internal tone generator, allowing the internal voices to be played directly from the keyboard. If you set Local to “OFF,” the keyboard
and controllers are internally disconnected from the TYROS’ tone generator section so that no sound is output when you play the
keyboard or use the controllers. For example, this allows you to use an external MIDI sequencer to play the TYROS’ internal voices,
and use the TYROS keyboard to record notes to the external sequencer and/or play an external tone generator.
■ Clock setting, etc. .............................................................................................................................................
● CLOCK
Determines whether the TYROS is controlled by its own internal clock or a MIDI clock signal received from an external device.
INTERNAL is the normal Clock setting when the TYROS is being used alone. If you are using the TYROS with an external sequencer,
MIDI computer, or other MIDI device, and you want to synchronize it to that device, set this parameter to the appropriate setting: MIDI
A, MIDI B, USB 1, or USB 2. Make sure that the external device is connected properly (e.g., to the TYROS’ MIDI IN terminal), and
that it is properly transmitting a MIDI clock signal.
● TRANSMIT CLOCK
Turns MIDI clock transmission on or off. When set to OFF, no MIDI clock or START/STOP data is transmitted even if song or style is
played back.
● RECEIVE TRANSPOSE
Determines whether the TYROS’ transpose setting (page 82) is applied to the note events the TYROS received via MIDI or not.
● START/STOP
Determines whether incoming FA (start) and FC (stop) messages affect song or style playback.
■ Message Switch ......................................................................................................................................................
● SYS/EX.
The “Tx” setting turns MIDI transmission of MIDI system exclusive messages on or off.
The “Rx” setting turns MIDI reception and recognition of MIDI system exclusive messages generated by external equipment on or off.
● CHORD SYS/EX.
The “Tx” setting turns MIDI transmission of MIDI chord exclusive data (chord detect — root and type) on or off.
The “Rx” setting turns MIDI reception and recognition of MIDI chord exclusive data generated by external equipment on or off.
MIDI Transmit Settings
The explanations here apply to when you call up the TRANSMIT page in step #5 of the Basic Procedure on page 145. This determines which
parts will send MIDI data and over which MIDI channel the data will be sent.
Select the part for changing transmit
settings. With the exception of the two
parts below, see page 134 for details
about the parts.
• UPPER
A keyboard part played on the right
side of the keyboard from the split
point for the voices instead of
RIGHT1, 2, and 3.
• LOWER
A keyboard part played on the left
side of the keyboard from the split
point for the voices instead of
LEFT. This part is not affected by
the on/off status of the [ACMP] button.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
The dots corresponding to each
channel (1-16) flash briefly whenever
any data is transmitted on the channel(s).
Turns transmission of the specified data type (MIDI message)
on or off. See below and page 105 for details.
Select a channel via which the selected part will
be transmitted.
144
146
• If the same transmit channel is assigned
to several different parts, the transmitted
MIDI messages are merged to a single
channel — resulting in unexpected
sounds and possible glitches in the the
connected MIDI device.
Reference
MIDI
■ MIDI messages which can be transmitted or received (recognized) .................
The following MIDI messages can be set on the TRANSMIT/RECEIVE display.
● NOTE..................................................................................................page 105
● CC (Control Change) ........................................................................page 105
● PC (Program Change) ......................................................................page 105
● PB (Pitch Bend) ................................................................................page 105
● AT (Aftertouch) .................................................................................page 105
MIDI Receive Settings
The explanations here apply when you call up the RECEIVE page in step #5 of the Basic Procedure on page 145. This determines
which parts will receive MIDI data and over which MIDI channels the data will be received.
Select a channel. The TYROS can
receive MIDI messages over 32 channels (16 channels x 2 ports).
The dots corresponding to each
channel (1 - 16) flash briefly whenever any data is received on the
channel(s).
Turns reception of the specified data type of the
selected channel on or off.
Determines the part to which the received MIDI messages of
the selected channel are assigned. With the exception of the
two parts below, see page 134 for details about the parts.
• KEYBOARD
The received note messages control the TYROS’ keyboard performance.
• EXTRA PART1 - 4
There are four parts specially reserved for receiving and
playing MIDI data. Normally, these parts are not used by
the instrument itself. The TYROS can be used as a 32channel multi-timbral tone generator by using these four
parts in addition to the parts (except for the microphone
sound) described on page 134.
■ MIDI transmission/reception via the USB terminal and MIDI terminals ............
The relationship between the MIDI terminals and the USB terminal which can be used for transmitting/
receiving 32 channels (16 channels x 2 ports) of the MIDI messages is as follows:
● MIDI reception
● MIDI transmission
MIDI A IN
terminal
USB
connector
MIDI B IN
terminal
MIDI A OUT
terminal
USB
connector
MIDI B OUT
terminal
Port handling
USB1
Merge
145
MIDI A01 - 16
USB2
Merge
MIDI B01 - 16
MIDI A01 - 16
MIDI B01 - 16
TYROS Owner’s Manual
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Reference
MIDI
Setting the Chord Root for Style Playback via MIDI receive
The explanations here apply when you call up the ROOT page in step #5 of the Basic Procedure on page 145. These settings let
you determine the chord root for style playback, based on the note messages received via MIDI.
The note on/off messages received at the channel(s) set to “ON” are recognized as the root notes in the chord section. The root
notes will be detected regardless of the [ACMP] on/off and split point settings. When several channels are simultaneously set to
“ON,” the root note is detected from merged MIDI data received over the channels.
Selects the channels in
groups of eight.
Sets all channels to
OFF.
Sets the desired channel to ON or OFF.
Setting the Chord Type for Style Playback via MIDI receive
The explanations here apply when you call up the CHORD DETECT page in step #5 of the Basic Procedure on page 145. These
settings let you determine the chord type for style playback, based on the note messages received via MIDI.
The note on/off messages received at the channel(s) set to “ON” are recognized as the chord notes in the chord section. The chords
to be detected depend on the fingering type. The chord types will be detected regardless of the [ACMP] on/off and split point
settings. When several channels are simultaneously set to “ON,” the chord type is detected from merged MIDI data received over
the channels.
The operation procedure is basically the same as that of the ROOT display above.
MFC10 Settings
The explanations here apply when you call up the MFC10 page in step #5 of the Basic Procedure on page 145.
By connecting an optional MFC10 MIDI Foot Controller to the TYROS, you can conveniently control a wide range of operations
and functions by using your feet — perfect for changing settings and controlling the sound while you perform live. Different
functions can be assigned to each of the footswitches and up to five foot controllers (optional) can be connected to the MFC10,
for additional sound-shaping possibilities.
To assign the desired functions to the appropriate footswitches/foot controllers on the TYROS, select [FUNCTION] → MIDI →
EDIT → MFC10. Two settings (below) can be made from this display.
• Each footswitch (F00 - F29) on the MFC10 sends a note number to the TYROS, and the TYROS determines how it responds
to (which function is executed by) that note number.
• Each foot controller on the MFC10 sends control change messages over a specific control change number to the TYROS,
and the TYROS determines how it responds to (which parameter is changed by) that control change number.
1
Connect the MIDI IN terminal of the MFC10 to one of the MIDI OUT terminals of the
TYROS by using a MIDI cable.
MFC10
MIDI IN
MIDI OUT
• Do not connect the MIDI
OUT terminal of the
MFC10 to the MIDI IN of
the TYROS in this step.
If desired, connect
additional foot controllers to the MFC10.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
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148
Reference
MIDI
2
3
Set the MFC10 to the normal mode and turn the [FUNCTION] lamp of the MFC10 on.
4
Set the parameters on this display as desired and press the [SEND MFC10 SETUP]
LCD button to send the settings here to the MFC10.
Perform steps #1 through #5 of the Basic Procedure on page 145 to call up the MFC10
display.
Determines the MIDI port which is to be used when
communicating with the MFC10. Here, the USB
port (USB1, USB2) can be selected even though
the MFC10 does not have the USB connector. This
is because the computer can be used instead of the
MFC10. (The computer can transmit the data equivalent to the data the MFC10 transmits to the
TYROS. For details, see the bottom of this page.)
Select “FOOT SWITCH” or
“FOOT CONTROLLER.”
Determines the MIDI channel which is to be used
when communicating with the MFC10.
Transmit the settings on this
display to the MFC10.
Select a footswitch number (F00 - F29) or a foot
controller number (1 - 5) to which the function is
assigned.
Please note that a note number is assigned to each
footswitch and a control change number is
assigned to each foot controller beforehand and
you cannot change the settings.
Determines the function
assigned to the footswitch (actually the note number), or the
function assigned to the foot controller (actually the control
change number).
• Actually the pairs of the footswitch number and the note number, the pairs of
the foot controller number and the control change number, and the MIDI channel for communication set above are
transmitted to the MFC10.
Determines the part to which the function assigned to the foot controller in
the row is applied.
• See page 152 for details about the functions which can be assigned to the footswitch or foot controller.
5
Disconnect the MIDI cable from the TYROS and the MFC10, and connect the MIDI OUT
terminal of the MFC10 to the MIDI IN terminal of the TYROS according to the setting
above by using the MIDI cable.
Transmitting note messages
MFC10
MIDI OUT
MIDI IN
• Do not connect the MIDI
IN terminal of the MFC10
to the MIDI OUT of the
TYROS in this step.
Transmitting control change
messages
6
Operate the MFC10 to confirm whether you can properly control the TYROS from the
MFC10 as set in step #4.
7
Go back to the MIDI template selection display and save the settings above to the User
drive if necessary.
■ Using a computer or another MIDI instrument instead of the MFC10 ...............
147
The following two settings on the [FUNCTION] → MIDI → EDIT → MFC10 display can be saved not
to the MFC10 but to internal memory (flash ROM) in the TYROS as a MIDI template.
• Note number/TYROS function assignment pairs
• Control change number/TYROS parameter change assignment pairs
If you are not using an MFC10, you can have note numbers and control change messages from any other
appropriate MIDI device (such as a computer, sequencer or master keyboard) control the TYROS. Make
sure to set the appropriate channel in this display for control by the external device.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
149
Reference
Making Global and Other Important Settings – Function
The Function menu called up by pressing the [FUNCTION] button gives you access to various advanced functions
related to the instrument as a whole. These sophisticated functions let you customize the TYROS to your own musical
needs and preferences.
Basic Procedure (Function)
1
MENU
FUNCTION
2
SOUND
CREATOR
Select the desired menu by pressing the
corresponding LCD button.
Press the [FUNCTION]
button.
Page 150
Page 154
Page 92
Page 151
Pages 108 and 112
Page 145
Page 152
Page 156
Pages 128 and 151
• How to save the settings differs
depending on the menu. For
details, see the page of each
menu and refer to the Parameter
Chart in the separate Data List
booklet.
Some of the functions are
explained in other sections
of the manual, and are indicated by the page references above.
3
Set the desired parameters on
each display.
Tuning
Parameters set on the display called up by selecting “MASTER TUNE/SCALE TUNE” in step #2 of the Basic Procedure above
are explained below.
■ MASTER TUNE ...................................................................................................................................................
The [FUNCTION] → MASTER TUNE/SCALE TUNE → MASTER TUNE display allows you to make fine adjustments to the overall
pitch of the instrument, from 414.8 - 466.8 Hz by using the corresponding the lower and upper LCD buttons — letting you accurately
match the tuning with that of other instruments. Press the corresponding lower and upper buttons simultaneously to instantly reset the
value to the factory setting of 440.0 Hz.
Please note that the Tune function does not affect the Drum Kit or SFX Kit voices.
■ SCALE TUNE.......................................................................................................................................................
The [FUNCTION] → MASTER TUNE/SCALE TUNE → SCALE TUNE display determines the particular tuning system (or temperament) for the instrument. This function allows each individual note of the octave to be tuned in cents (1 cent = 1/100th of a semitone)
for each part – especially useful for playing period pieces, to match the tuning system used during specific musical eras.
• The Scale Tune settings here
can be memorized to the Registration Memory.
Select a scale type to instantly call
up one of the pre-programmed
Scale Tune settings.
The current tuning
of each note is
shown in the corresponding key.
Determines the base
note for each scale.
When the base note is
changed, the pitch of the
keyboard is transposed,
yet maintains the original
pitch relationship
between the notes.
Select the part to which the
Scale Tune setting here is
applied by checkmarking the
box.
Select the desired note and tune it.
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150
Reference
Making Global and Other Important Settings – Function
Preset Scale type
Scale name
Decription
EQUAL TEMPERAMENT
The pitch range of each octave is divided equally into twelve parts, with each half-step
evenly spaced in pitch. This is the most commonly used tuning in music today.
PURE MAJOR
PURE MINOR
These tunings preserve the pure mathematical intervals of each scale, especially for
triad chords (root, third, fifth). You can hear this best in actual vocal harmonies – such
as choirs and acapella singing.
PYTHAGOREAN
This scale was devised by the famous Greek philosopher and is created from a series
of perfect fifths, which are collapsed into a single octave. The 3rd in this tuning are
slightly unstable, but the 4th and 5th are beautiful and suitable for some leads.
MEAN-TONE
This scale was created as an improvement on the Pythagorean scale, by making the
major third interval more “in tune.” It was especially popular from the 16th century to the
18th century. Handel, among others, used this scale.
WERCKMEISTER
KIRNBERGER
This composite scale combines the Werckmeister and Kirnberger systems, which were
themselves improvements on the mean-tone and Pythagorean scales. The main feature of this scale is that each key has its own unique character. The scale was used
extensively during the time of Bach and Beethoven, and even now it is often used when
performing period music on the harpsichord.
ARABIC1, 2
Use these tunings when playing Arabic music.
Voice Set
Parameters set on the VOICE SET display called up via the [FUNCTION] → REGISTRATION MEMORY/FREEZE/VOICE SET→VOICE
SET are explained here.
When changing voices (selecting a voice file), the settings best matching the voice — the same as those set in the Sound Creator — are always
and automatically called up. From this page, you can set the on/off status for each part. Normally, it is recommended that these are set to “ON.”
Use these to select the
desired part.
These determine whether the corresponding voice-related settings
are automatically called up or not
when you select a voice. These
settings can be turned on or off
independently for each part.
Video Out Settings
Parameters set on the display called up by selecting “VIDEO OUT” in step #2 of the Basic Procedure on page 150 are explained below. You
can connect the TYROS to a television or video monitor to display the lyrics and chords in your song data on a larger screen.
VIDEO OUT
NTSC / PAL
• Occasionally some flashing parallel lines
VIDEO IN
Television
149
See page 18.
Set this to correspond to the standard (NTSC
or PAL) used by your video equipment. The
default setting is “PAL.” If the standard used by
your television or video monitor is not PAL (for
example, NTSC is generally used in North
America), change the setting to “NTSC.”
Determines the contents
of the Video Out signal, or
which data is sent to the
video monitor.
• LYRICS
Only the lyrics of the
song are output via
VIDEO OUT, regardless of the display that
is called up on the
instrument itself. This
lets you select other
displays and still have
the lyrics shown on the
monitor.
• LCD
The currently selected
display is output via
VIDEO OUT.
may appear in the television or video monitor. This does not necessarily indicate that
the monitor is malfunctioning. You may be
able to remedy the situation by changing the
Character Color or Background Color parameters. For optimum results, also try adjusting
the color settings on the monitor itself.
• Avoid looking at the television or video monitor for prolonged periods of time since doing
so could damage your eyesight. Take frequent breaks and focus your eyes on distant
objects to avoid eyestrain.
• Keep in mind that even after adjusting all settings as recommended here, the monitor you
are using may not show the TYROS’ display
contents as expected (e.g., the display contents may not fit on the screen, the characters may not be completely clear, or the
colors may be incorrect).
TYROS Owner’s Manual
151
Reference
Making Global and Other Important Settings – Function
Controller
Parameters set on the display called up by selecting “CONTROLLER” in step #2 of the Basic Procedure on page 150 are
explained below. This display lets you make settings for controllers with which the TYROS is equipped (including the keyboard,
modulation wheel, pitch bend wheel) and which are connected to the TYROS (including the footswitch and foot controller).
■ FOOT PEDAL .............................................................................................................................
From the [FUNCTION] → CONTROLLER → FOOT PEDAL display, you can assign one of various
functions to each foot pedal (footswitch or foot controller) connected to the TYROS.
ASSIGNABLE FOOT PEDAL
1
(SUSTAIN)
2
(DSP VARIATION)
3
(VOLUME)
Pedal on/off operation may
differ depending on the particular pedal you’ve connected to the TYROS. For
example, pressing down on
one pedal may turn the
selected function on, while
pressing a different make/
brand of pedal may turn the
function off. If necessary,
use this setting to reverse
the operation.
Determines the particular
pedal to which a function is to
be assigned.
Determines the function to be
assigned to the selected
pedal.
Foot Controller FC7
(optional)
Footswitch
FC4 (optional)
Footswitch
FC5 (optional)
• The FC4, FC5, and FC7
can be plugged into any
of the three jacks.
If necessary, set the parameters
related to the selected function. Displayed parameters differ depending on
the selected function.
Functions that can be assigned to the foot pedal (footswitch, foot controller)
VOLUME*
Allows you to use a foot controller to control the volume. You can turn this pedal function on or off for
each part on this display.
When the pedal is pressed notes played have a long sustain. Releasing the pedal immediately stops
(damps) any sustained notes. You can turn this pedal function on or off for each keyboard part on this
display.
SUSTAIN
If you press and hold the foot switch here, all the notes shown will be sustained.
If you press and hold the pedal here, only the first note will be sustained (the note that you played and
held when pressing the pedal). This makes it possible to sustain a chord, for example, while other notes
are played staccato. You can turn this pedal function on or off for each keyboard part on this display.
SOSTENUTO
If you press and hold the foot switch here, only the first note will be sustained
(the note that you played and held when pressing the foot switch).
When you press the foot switch, the soft effect is applied to the keyboard notes. You can turn this pedal
function on or off for each keyboard part on this display.
GLIDE
When the pedal is pressed, the pitch changes, and then returns to normal pitch when the pedal is
released. The following parameters can be set for this function on this display.
• UP/DOWN – determines whether the pitch change goes up (is raised) or down (is lowered)
• RANGE – determines the range of the pitch change, in semitones
• ON SPEED – determines the speed of the pitch change when the pedal is pressed
• OFF SPEED – determines the speed of the pitch change when the pedal is released
• LEFT, RIGHT1, 2, 3 – turns this pedal function on or off for each keyboard part
PORTAMENTO
The portamento effect (a smooth slide between notes) can be produced while the pedal is pressed.
Portamento is produced when notes are played legato style (i.e., a note is played while the preceding
note is still held). The portamento time can be set via the Mixing Console display. You can turn this
pedal function on or off for each keyboard part on this display.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
150
152
SOFT
Reference
Making Global and Other Important Settings – Function
PITCHBEND*
Bend notes up or down while pedal is pressed. The following parameters can be set for this function
on this display.
• UP/DOWN – determines whether the pitch change goes up (is raised) or down (is lowered)
• RANGE – determines the range of the pitch change, in semitones
• LEFT, RIGHT1, 2, 3 – turns this pedal function on or off for each keyboard part
MODULATION*
Applies a vibrato effect to notes played on the keyboard.
DSP VARIATION
Same as the [DSP VARIATION] button on the panel. You can turn this pedal function on or off for each
keyboard part on this display. This allows you to use the foot pedal to control [DSP VARIATION] for
only the current keyboard part, or for multiple keyboard parts simultaneously.
HARMONY/ECHO
Same as the [HARMONY/ECHO] button.
VOCAL HARMONY
Same as the [VOCAL HARMONY] button.
TALK
Same as the [TALK] button.
SCORE PAGE +
While the song is stopped, you can turn to the next score page (one page only).
SCORE PAGE -
While the song is stopped, you can turn to the previous score page (one page only).
SONG START/STOP
Same as the SONG [START/STOP] button.
STYLE START/STOP
Same as the STYLE [START/STOP] button.
TAP TEMPO
Same as the [TAP TEMPO] button.
SYNC START
Same as the [SYNC. START] button.
SYNC STOP
Same as the [SYNC. STOP] button.
INTRO 1
Same as the [INTRO I] button.
INTRO 2
Same as the [INTRO II] button.
INTRO 3
Same as the [INTRO III] button.
MAIN A
Same as the MAIN [A] button.
MAIN B
Same as the MAIN [B] button.
MAIN C
Same as the MAIN [C] button.
MAIN D
Same as the MAIN [D] button.
FILL DOWN
A fill-in plays, automatically followed by the Main section of the button on the immediate left.
FILL SELF
A fill-in plays, automatically followed by the previously played Main section.
FILL BREAK
A break plays, automatically followed by the previously played Main section.
FILL UP
A fill-in plays, automatically followed by the Main section of the button on the immediate right.
ENDING1
Same as the [ENDING/rit. I] button.
ENDING2
Same as the [ENDING/rit. II] button.
ENDING3
Same as the [ENDING/rit. III] button.
FADE IN/OUT
Same as the [FADE IN/OUT] button.
FING/ON BASS
The pedal alternately switches between two Chord Fingering types: Fingered and On Bass (page 108).
BASS HOLD
While the pedal is pressed, the Style bass note will be held even if the chord is changed. If the fingering
is set to “FULL KEYBOARD,” the function does not work.
PERCUSSION
Footswitch plays a percussion instrument selected by the [ASSIGN] LCD buttons.
RIGHT1 ON/OFF
Same as the PART ON/OFF [RIGHT1] button.
RIGHT2 ON/OFF
Same as the PART ON/OFF [RIGHT2] button.
RIGHT3 ON/OFF
Same as the PART ON/OFF [RIGHT3] button.
LEFT ON/OFF
Same as the PART ON/OFF [LEFT] button.
OTS+
Recalls next higher One Touch Setting.
OTS-
Recalls next lower One Touch Setting.
* For best results, use an optional Yamaha FC7 Foot Controller.
151
• The Sostenuto and Portamento
functions will not affect the Organ
Flutes Voices, even they have
been assigned to the Foot Pedals.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
153
Reference
Making Global and Other Important Settings – Function
■ KEYBOARD/PANEL .................................................................................................................
The [FUNCTION] → CONTROLLER → KEYBOARD/PANEL display lets you set the parameters
related to the keyboard and modulation wheel.
● INITIAL TOUCH ............................................................................................................. page 81
You can turn Initial Touch on or off for each keyboard part and set the following parameters.
TOUCH
Determines the Touch sensitivity setting.
HARD 2
Requires strong playing to produce high volume. Best for players with a
heavy touch.
HARD 1
Requires moderately strong playing for higher volume.
NORMAL Standard touch response.
SOFT 1
Produces high volume with moderate playing strength.
SOFT 2
Produces relatively high volume even with light playing strength. Best for
players with a light touch.
TOUCH OFF LEVEL
Determines the fixed volume level when Touch is set to “OFF.”
● AFTER TOUCH .............................................................................................................. page 81
You can turn Aftertouch on or off for each keyboard part and set the following parameters.
TOUCH
Determines the Touch sensitivity setting.
HARD
Relatively strong aftertouch pressure is needed to produce changes.
NORMAL Produces a fairly standard aftertouch response.
SOFT
Allows you to produce relatively large changes with very light aftertouch
pressure.
● MODULATION WHEEL ................................................................................................. page 82
You can determine whether the modulation wheel operation is applied or not to the notes
for each part.
MODULATION
MAX
MIN
● TRANSPOSE ASSIGN .................................................................................................. page 82
You can determine to which parts the [TRANSPOSE] button is applied.
KEYBOARD
When this is selected, the [TRANSPOSE] button affects the pitch of the keyboardplayed voices, style playback (controlled by the performance in the chord section of the
keyboard), and Multi Pad playback (when Chord Match is on, and left-hand chords are
indicated).
SONG
When this is selected, the [TRANSPOSE] button affects only the pitch of the songs.
MASTER
When this is selected, the [TRANSPOSE] button affects the pitch of the entire instrument (keyboard voices, styles, and songs).
You can confirm the setting here by viewing the pop-up window called up via the
[TRANSPOSE] button.
Please note that the transpose function does not affect the Drum Kit or SFX Kit
voices.
Harmony/Echo
TRANSPOSE
RESET
Quick Guide on page 39
Parameters set on the display called up by selecting “HARMONY/ECHO” in step #2 of the Basic Procedure on page 150 are
explained below. This display lets you set the parameters related to the Harmony/Echo effect applied to the keyboard performance
when the [HARMONY/ECHO] button is turned on.
VOICE EFFECT
HARMONY/
ECHO
INITIAL
TOUCH
SUSTAIN
POLY/
MONO
Select a Harmony type.
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154
Set the related parameters. The displayed parameters differ depending on
the type selected at left.
Reference
Making Global and Other Important Settings – Function
■ TYPE .......................................................................................................................................................................
The Harmony/Echo types are divided into the following groups, depending on the particular effect applied.
Harmony Types
These types apply the harmony effect to
the note in the right-hand section of the
keyboard according to the chord specified in the left-hand section of the keyboard. (Please note that “1+5” and
“Octave” settings are not affected by the
chord.)
Multi Assign
This type apply the special effect to the
chord played in the right-hand section of
the keyboard.
Echo Types
These types apply the echo effect to the note
in the right-hand section of the keyboard in
time with the currently set tempo.
● Harmony Types
When any of the Harmony Types is selected, the Harmony effect is applied to the note played in the right-hand section of the
keyboard according to the type selected above and the chord specified in the chord section of the keyboard shown below.
ACMP
LEFT HOLD
LEFT
RIGHT1
RIGHT2
ACMP
LEFT HOLD
PART ON/ OFF
LEFT
RIGHT1
RIGHT2
PART ON/ OFF
Split Point
Split Point
RIGHT1 - 3 voices
Chord section for
style playback and
Harmony effect
LEFT voice and
chord section for
Harmony effect
Split Point
(for style playback)
Split Point
(for the voice)
LEFT voice
RIGHT1 - 3 voices
Chord section for
style playback and
Harmony effect
● Echo Types
When any of the Echo Types is selected, the corresponding effect (echo, tremolo, trill) is applied to the note played in the right-hand
section of the keyboard in time with the currently set tempo, regardless of the [ACMP] and the LEFT part on/off status. Please note
that two notes held on the keyboard are played alternately when Trill is selected.
● Multi Assign Type
Multi Assign automatically assigns notes played simultaneously on the right-hand section of the keyboard
to separate parts (voices). For example, if you play three consecutive notes, the first is played by the
RIGHT1 voice, the second by the RIGHT2 voice, and the third by the RIGHT3 voice. The Multi Assign
effect is not affected by the [ACMP] and LEFT part on/off status.
RIGHT 1
RIGHT 2
RIGHT 3
■ Related parameters
● VOLUME
● SPEED
● ASSIGN
Determines the level of the harmony/echo notes generated by the Harmony/Echo effect. This parameter is available
for all types with the exception of “Multi Assign.”
Determines the speed of the Echo, Tremolo, and Trill effects. This parameter is only available when Echo, Tremolo,
or Trill is selected in Type above.
This lets you determine the keyboard part via which the harmony/echo notes will be sounded. This parameter is
available for all types with the exception of “Multi Assign.”
● CHORD NOTE ONLY
When this is set to “ON,” the Harmony effect is applied only to the note that belongs to a chord played in the chord section of the
keyboard. This parameter is not available only for the Harmony type above.
● TOUCH LIMIT
153
Determines the lowest velocity value at which the harmony note will sound. This allows you to selectively apply the harmony by
your playing strength, letting you create harmony accents in the melody. The harmony effect is applied when you play the key
strongly (above the set value). This parameter is available for all types with the exception of “Multi Assign.”
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Reference
Making Global and Other Important Settings – Function
Other Settings (Utility)
Parameters set on the display called up by selecting “UTILITY” in step #2 of the Basic Procedure on page 150 are explained
below.
■ CONFIG1...............................................................................................................................................................
The following parameters can be set from the [FUNCTION] → UTILITY → CONFIG1 display.
● Parameters related to the Fade In/Out (page 109)
FADE IN TIME
Determines the time it takes for the volume to fade in, or go from minimum to maximum (range
of 0 - 20.0 seconds).
FADE OUT TIME
Determines the time it takes for the volume to fade out, or go from maximum to minimum (range
of 0 - 20.0 seconds).
FADE OUT HOLD TIME
Determines the time the volume is held at 0 following the fade out (range of 0 - 5.0 seconds).
● Parameters related to the Metronome
The metronome provides a click sound, giving you an accurate tempo guide when you practice,
or letting you hear and check how a specific tempo sounds. The metronome starts by pressing
the METRONOME [START/STOP] button. Adjust the tempo by using the [TEMPO] buttons
(page 109). To stop the metronome, press the [START/STOP] button again.
METRONOME
START/
STOP
VOLUME
Determines the level of the metronome sound.
SOUND
Determines whether a bell accent will be sounded or not at the first beat of each measure.
TIME SIGNATURE
Determines the time signature of the metronome sound. Normally, the value matching to the
selected style or song is set.
● Parameter Lock
This function is used to “lock” the specified parameters so that they can only be changed directly via the panel controls
— in other words, instead of being changed via Registration Memory, One Touch Setting, Music Finder, or song and
sequence data.
When the Split Point parameter is locked, for example, the Split Point settings will not be changed via the Registration
Memory, One Touch Setting, Music Finder. However, you can change the Split Point settings directly from the [FUNCTION] → SPLIT POINT display.
● Parameters related to the Tap (page 109)
This allows you to set the drum voice and the velocity which will sound when the Tap function is used.
■ CONFIG2...............................................................................................................................................................
The following parameters can be set from the [FUNCTION]→UTILITY→CONFIG2 display.
● Display Voice Number
Determines whether or not the voice bank and number are shown in the Voice selection display (Open/Save display).
This is useful when you want to check the proper bank select MSB/LSB values and program number to specify when
selecting the voice from an external MIDI device.
● Speaker
Determines whether or not the optionally installed speaker will sound.
HEADPHONE SW
Speaker sounds normally, but is cut off when headphones are inserted to the
PHONES jack.
ON
Speaker sound is always on.
OFF
Speaker sound is off.
■ DISK .......................................................................................................................................................................
From the [FUNCTION] → UTILITY → DISK display, you can set or execute important disk-related operations (below)
for the TYROS.
Compatible disk types
● Internal hard disk drive
(optionally installed)
● Floppy disk
• Make sure to read the section
“Using the Floppy Disk Drive
(FDD) and Floppy Disks” on
page 6.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
154
156
See page 162 for details
on hard disk installation.
Reference
Making Global and Other Important Settings – Function
Copying from Floppy Disk to
Floppy Disk (see below)
Formatting a Disk (see below)
Formatting a disk completely erases
all data on the disk. Make sure that
the disk you’re formatting does not
contain important data!
• Copying cannot be done between a
2DD disk and 2HD disk. When
copying, make sure both disks are
of the same type.
• Commercially available music data
is subject to protection by copyright
laws. Copying commercially available data is strictly prohibited,
except for your own personal use.
Some music software is purposely
copy-protected and cannot be copied.
Turns the Song Auto Open function on or off. When
this is set to “ON,” the TYROS automatically calls up
the first disk song when a floppy disk is inserted to
the floppy disk drive.
The optionally installed hard disk unit will go into a “sleep” mode
after a specified time of inactivity, both to maximize the lifetime of
the hard disk and to minimize unnecessary mechanical noise.
This parameter determines the sleep time.
● Copying from Floppy Disk to Floppy Disk (FLOPPY DISK TO DISK COPY)
This function copies all the data from one disk to another, letting you back up all your important data
before editing. Because only one floppy disk can be inserted to the floppy disk drive, this operation
copies the contents of the source disk to internal memory of the TYROS, then copies it to the destination disk, as shown below.
1
2
3
Prepare the backup disk (destination disk), and insert the floppy
disk to be backed up (source disk) into the floppy disk drive.
Press the [FLOPPY DISK TO DISK COPY] LCD button on the
[FUNCTION] → UTILITY → DISK display.
The copy operation from the source disk to internal memory is started. When
completed, the display prompts you to change disks.
Remove the source disk from the floppy disk drive and insert the
destination disk to the drive.
The copy operation from internal memory to the destination disk continues.
Please note that it may be necessary for the disk data to be copied in parts if
the quantity of data is large. In this case, you may need repeat the disk
exchange several times by following the on-screen messages. When the operation is finished, a message appears to indicate all data has been properly
copied.
155
● Formatting a disk (FLOPPY DISK FORMAT, HARD DISK FORMAT)
Setting up commercially available blank floppy disks (3.5 inch, 2HD/2DD type) or an
optionally installed hard disk unit (page 162) for use with the TYROS is called formatting. This function is also useful for quickly deleting unnecessary files from an already
formatted disk. Be careful when using this operation, since it automatically deletes all
data on the disk. After formatting, the capacity of a 2HD disk is 1.44 MB, and that of
a 2DD disk is 720 KB.
When you wish to format a floppy disk, press the [FLOPPY DISK FORMAT] LCD
button on the [FUNCTION] → UTILITY → DISK display after inserting a floppy
disk into the floppy disk drive, then follow the on-screen instructions.
When you wish to format a hard disk, press the [HARD DISK FORMAT] LCD button
on the [FUNCTION] → UTILITY → DISK display after installing a hard disk drive,
then follow the on-screen instructions.
Internal memory
Copy
Source
Disk
Copy
Destination
Disk
• The TYROS is capable of formatting an installed hard disk, creating a single partition only; multiple
partitions cannot be created.
However, if the installed hard disk
has been pre-formatted into several partitions on another instrument such as the PSR-9000 or
9000Pro, the TYROS can access
up to four partitions of the hard
disk.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
157
Reference
Making Global and Other Important Settings – Function
■ Other customizing features — OWNER display..........................................................................
From the [FUNCTION] → UTILITY → OWNER display, you can make other custom settings for the
instrument — such as registering your name and importing favorite background pictures.
● OWNER NAME
Press the [OWNER NAME] LCD button to enter an Owner name. For instructions on naming, see
page 70. This name is automatically shown when you turn the power on.
After entering the name, press the [EXIT] button to exit from the UTILITY display, turn the power
off, and then on again. You can see the entered name at the bottom of the opening display.
POWER
ON /
OFF
The OWNER NAME is indicated on the
opening display (before the Main display appears).
● LANGUAGE
Determines the language used for the display messages. Once you change this setting, all messages
will be shown in the selected language.
When “JAPANESE” is selected for the Language parameter, and you change this to one of the western languages, the kanji and kana characters of the file name stored in the disk drive are changed to
western characters.
● MAIN PICTURE
This function lets you select your favorite picture to be used as background for the Main display.
Press the [MAIN PICTURE] LCD button on the [FUNCTION] → UTILITY → OWNER display
to call up the Open/Save displays for main pictures. You can select a picture from among various
pictures provided on the Preset drive. After selecting, press the [EXIT] button to return to the Main
display. The newly selected picture is shown as the background of the Main display.
Using your own pictures
Even though a variety of pictures are available on the preset drive, you can load
your own favorite picture data to the TYROS for use as background. Keep in mind
the following points and limitations when using your own picture data.
• Only bitmap files (.BMP) can be used for the background of the MAIN display.
• Make sure to use images no larger than 640 x 480 pixels. Smaller images are
automatically copied and tiled in the display.
• If you select a picture file on the FD drive, the background may take some
time to appear. If you want to reduce this time, save the background from the
FD drive to the USER drive of the Open/Save display for pictures.
• If you select a picture file on the FD drive, the selected background will not
be displayed when the power is turned on again unless the same disk containing the data has been inserted into the drive.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
156
158
• The explanation about picture
compatibility at left applies also to
the background of the Song Lyric
display.
Reference
Making Global and Other Important Settings – Function
■ System Reset .................................................................................................................................
The explanations here apply to the [FUNCTION] → UTILITY → SYSTEM RESET display.
Factory Reset (factory programmed settings)
2
1
Press this to execute the
Factory Reset operation for
all items checkmarked
below.
Checkmark the box of the
item to be reset to the factory programmed settings.
Custom Reset (your own custom settings)
These four settings allow you to
program your own reset settings
for each of the indicated categories. Press the appropriate LCD
button to call up the Open/Save
display for the corresponding category and select a file.
● Factory Reset — Restoring the factory programmed settings
This function lets you restore the status of the TYROS to the original factory settings. You can set
whether or not each of the following six items is to be restored to its original factory settings before
executing the operation.
SYSTEM SETUP
Restores the System Setup parameters to the original factory settings. You can
also restore only the System Setup settings by simultaneously holding down
the highest key on the keyboard (C7) and turning on the power. Refer to the
separate Data List booklet for details about which parameters belong to the
System Setup.
MIDI SETUP
Restores the MIDI settings including the MIDI templates on the User drive to
the original factory status.
USER EFFECT
Restores the User Effect settings including the user effect types, user master
EQ types, user compressor types, and user vocal harmony types created via
the Mixing Console display to the original factory settings.
MUSIC FINDER
Restores the Music Finder data (all records) to the original factory settings
(page 127).
FILES & FOLDERS
Deletes all files and folders stored in the User drive.
CUSTOM VOICE
Deletes all Custom Voices (page 79) on the Preset drive.
157
● Custom Reset — Recalling your own custom settings
The four categories of settings below allow you to call up your own custom reset settings from files
saved to the User of Disk drive.
SYSTEM SETUP
Parameters set on the various displays such as the [FUNCTION] → UTILITY
and microphone setting display are handled as a single System Setup file. Refer to the separate Data List booklet for details about which parameters belong
to the System Setup.
MIDI SETUP
The MIDI settings including the MIDI templates on the User drive are handled
as a single file.
USER EFFECT
The User Effect settings including the user effect types, user master EQ types,
user compressor types, and user vocal harmony types created via the Mixing
Console displays are managed as a single file (page 65).
MUSIC FINDER
All the preset and created records of the Music Finder are handled as a single
file (page 127).
TYROS Owner’s Manual
159
Appendix
Installing the Optional Speakers
Make sure that you have all of the parts below, included in the TRS-MS01 speaker package, as well as a Phillips
screwdriver to assemble the system.
Satellite
speakers (2)
Subwoofer
speaker (1)
Speaker
brackets (2)
RCA pin
cables (2)
RCA pin/8-pin
combination cable (1)
1
Turn the TYROS’ power off, and disconnect the AC power cord. Also, make
sure to disconnect the keyboard from any other external devices.
2
Remove the four screws from the rear panel of the TYROS.
ASSIGNABLE FOOT PEDAL
TO RIGHT SPEAKER
1
(SUSTAIN)
2
3
(DSP VARIATION)
MIDI A
IN
MIDI B
OUT
IN
VIDEO OUT
OUT
USB
SUB
NTSC / PAL
(VOLUME)
2
LINE OUT
1
AUX IN / LOOP RETURN
MAIN
R
L / L+R
TRIM
MIN
R
LOOP SEND
L / L+R
R
TO SUB
WOOFER
MIC / LINE IN
INPUT
L / L+R
TRIM
MAX
MIN
MAX
R
L
AC INLET
TO LEFT SPEAKER
Installation screws for
speaker brackets
3
Using the screws you removed in step #2 above, fasten the two speaker
brackets to the rear panel of the TYROS.
ASSIGNABLE FOOT PEDAL
TO RIGHT SPEAKER
1
(SUSTAIN)
4
2
(DSP VARIATION)
3
MIDI A
IN
MIDI B
OUT
IN
OUT
(VOLUME)
VIDEO OUT
NTSC / PAL
USB
SUB
2
LINE OUT
1
R
AUX IN / LOOP RETURN
MAIN
L / L+R
TRIM
MIN
R
L / L+R
LOOP SEND
R
L //L+R
L+R
TO SUB
WOOFER
MIC / LINE IN
INPUT
MAX
TRIM
MIN
MAX
R
L
• Either bracket can be fastened to
either location.
AC INLET
TO LEFT SPEAKER
Fasten the satellite speakers to the left and right brackets.
• Either speaker can be placed on
either bracket.
• If you want to change the direction
of the satellite speaker, unfasten it
from the bracket by rotating the
lever, then adjust the speaker
position as desired, and fasten it
to the bracket again.
Place the speaker on
the bracket.
5
Use the RCA pin cables to connect the speakers to the respective outputs
on the TYROS.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
• Either cable can be used for either
location.
158
160
Adjust the direction of the speaker as desired,
then fasten it securely to the bracket.
Appendix
Installing the Optional Speakers
6
Use the RCA pin/8-pin combination cable to connect the subwoofer speaker to the
respective outputs on the TYROS.
TYROS
Sub-Woofer
7
8
Connect the power plugs of the TYROS and the subwoofer to an appropriate AC outlet.
First, set the volume controls (MASTER VOLUME on the TYROS and BASS on the subwoofer) to minimum. Finally, turn on the power of the subwoofer, then the TYROS.
MASTER VOLUME
BASS
MIN
MAX
0
10
Turn the subwoofer on
(from the rear panel)
POWER
ON /
OFF
Turn the TYROS on.
159
9
Adjust the volume controls (MASTER VOLUME on the TYROS and BASS on the subwoofer) to appropriate levels.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
161
Appendix
Installing an Optional Hard Disk
By installing an optional hard disk drive to the TYROS, you can vastly expand the data storage capacity — letting you
create a large library of your important data, without having to worry about a lack of memory space. The hard disk
used must be a 2.5-inch IDE-compatible; however, not all such drives may be installable.
• Before beginning installation, switch off the power to the TYROS and
connected peripherals, and unplug them from the power outlet. Then
remove all cables connecting the TYROS to other devices. (Leaving the
power cord connected while working can result in electric shock. Leaving other cables connected can interfere with work.)
• Be careful not to drop any screws inside the instrument during installation (this can be prevented by keeping the optional units and cover away
from the instrument while attaching). If this does happen, be sure to
remove the screw(s) from inside the unit before turning the power on.
Loose screws inside the instrument can cause improper operation or
serious damage. If you are unable to retrieve a dropped screw, consult
your Yamaha dealer for advice.
• Install the optional units carefully as described in the procedure below.
Improper installation can cause shorts which may result in irreparable
damage and pose a fire hazard.
• Do not disassemble, modify, or apply excessive force to board areas and
connectors on optional hard disk units. Bending or tampering with
boards and connectors may lead to electric shock, fire, or equipment
failures.
• It is recommended that you wear gloves to protect your hands from
metallic projections on optional units and other components. Touching
leads or connectors with bare hands may cause finger cuts, and may
also result in poor electrical contact or electrostatic damage.
• Handle the optional hard disk unit with care. Dropping or subjecting
them to any kind of shock may cause damage or result in a malfunction.
• Be careful of static electricity. Static electricity discharge can damage
the IC chips on the hard disk. Before you handle the optional hard disk,
to reduce the possibility of static electricity, touch the metal parts other
than the painted area or a ground wire on the devices that are grounded.
• Do not touch the exposed metal parts in the circuit board. Touching
these parts may result in a faulty contact.
• Be careful not to misplace any of the screws since all of them are used.
• Do not use any screws other than what are installed on the instrument.
• Hard disk drives wider than 12.7 mm cannot be installed to the TYROS.
• For information on the hard disk recommendations, ask your nearest Yamaha
representative or an authorized distributor listed at the end of this owner’s
manual. Install a hard disk at your own risk. Yamaha will not be held responsible for any damage or injury resulting from improper installation or the use of
a hard disk other than one of the types recommended by Yamaha.
Before following the steps below, make sure you have an appropriate hard disk drive and a Phillips screwdriver.
1
Turn the TYROS’ power off, and disconnect the AC power cord. Also, make sure to
disconnect the keyboard from any other external devices.
2
Turn the TYROS face down on a blanket or some soft surface, giving you direct access
to the bottom of the instrument.
Never open!
Cover
3
Remove the eight screws from the cover. Do not remove the other screws.
Use this as a handle to
remove the cover.
4
TYROS Owner’s Manual
160
162
Remove the four screws from the hard disk cover inside.
Appendix
Installing an Optional Hard Disk
5
Remove the hard disk cover, turn it face down and remove the four screws from the center.
6
Attach the hard disk unit to the hard disk cover using the screws you removed in step #5.
You should tighten these two
screws first.
Make sure the bottom of the hard disk is
facing up. Depending on the type of hard
disk drive you plan to install, select holes
(A) or holes (B) to attach the hard disk
drive.
* Holes (A) are used in this illustration.
7
Replace the hard disk drive and cover (included with the hard disk) by fitting it into the
TYROS as shown in the illustration.
Make sure not to bend the pins.
In the middle of the hard disk connector is a “missing” pin. Make sure
to align the cable connector (which
has a corresponding “missing”
hole) to the hard disk as shown.
8
9
10
These four pins are unused.
Replace the hard disk cover, and attach it with the four screws removed in step #4.
Replace the cover and attach it with the six screws removed in step #3.
Check that the installed hard disk is functioning properly.
161
Turn on the power, go to the [FUNCTION]
→ UTILITY → DISK display, and execute
the HD Format function (page 157). If the
format is completed with no trouble and the
HD drive tab appears on the Open/Save
display, the hard disk is OK.
• If you have installed a hard disk that
was once used for the PSR-8000 and
turn the TYROS’ power on, a message
appears prompting you to convert the
data on the hard disk for use with the
TYROS. If you select “YES,” the files
on the hard disk will be converted so
that they can be viewed on the
TYROS’ LCD display — however, they
will not be accessible. To actually use
the files on the TYROS, you will need
to convert the PSR-8000 data using a
computer and the File Converter software (contained in the included CDROM).
• If you have installed the hard disk that
was once used for the PSR-9000/
9000Pro and turn the TYROS’ power
on, you can immediately view the files
on the hard disk and use the song files
from the PSR-9000/9000Pro. However, to properly use the style, Multi
Pad, and Registration Memory files
from the PSR-9000/9000Pro, you will
need to convert the data using a computer and the File Converter software
(contained in the included CD-ROM).
TYROS Owner’s Manual
163
Appendix
Troubleshooting
PROBLEM
POSSIBLE CAUSE/SOLUTION
When using a mobile phone, noise is produced.
Using a mobile phone in close proximity to the TYROS may produce interference. To prevent this, turn off the mobile phone or use
it further away from the TYROS.
No sound results.
• The RIGHT1/RIGHT2/RIGHT3/LEFT voice volume settings on
the BALANCE pop-up window could be set too low. Make sure
the voice volumes are set at appropriate levels (page 36).
• The Local Control function could be turned off. Make sure Local
Control is turned on (page 146).
• The [MASTER VOLUME] controls or foot volume are turned all
the way down. Set the [MASTER VOLUME] controls and foot
volume to a reasonable listening level.
• Are the desired keyboard parts turned on? ([PART ON/OFF] button — page 74)
• Are the desired parts or channels turned on? ([CHANNEL ON/
OFF] button — page 37)
• A pair of headphones is plugged into the PHONES jack. Unplug
the headphones.
• A plug is inserted in the LOOP SEND jacks. Unplug the LOOP
SEND jacks.
• Is the Footswitch connected to the appropriate connector (page
18)?
• The [FADE IN/OUT] button (page 109) is on and has reached the
end of its duration, muting the sound. Press the [FADE IN/OUT]
button so that its indicator goes out.
• Check whether the external speaker is connected properly.
The voice selected from the Open/Save display will
not be sounded.
Check whether or not the selected part is turned on (page 74).
Not all simultaneously-played notes sound.
You are probably exceeding the maximum polyphony of the
Style playback seems to “skip” when the keyboard is TYROS. The TYROS can play up to 128 notes at the same time —
including voice RIGHT2, voice RIGHT3, voice LEFT, style, song,
played.
and multi pad notes. When the maximum polyphony is exceeded, the
earliest played notes will stop sounding, letting the latest played
notes sound. This is referred to as “lastnote priority.”
The style or song does not play back even when
pressing the [START/STOP] button.
Make sure the MIDI clock is set to “INTERNAL” (page 146).
The Multi Pads do not play back, even when one of
the MULTI PAD buttons is pressed.
The style does not start, even when Synchro Start is
in standby condition and a key is pressed.
You may be trying to start style by playing a key in the righthand
range of the keyboard. To start the style with Synchro Start, make
sure to play a key in the left-hand (chord) range of the keyboard.
Only the rhythm channel of style plays.
Make sure the [ACMP] is turned on.
Certain notes sound at the wrong pitch.
Make sure that the scale tuning value for those notes is set to “0”
(page 150).
Style chords are recognized regardless of the split
point or where chords are played on the keyboard.
Check whether the fingering mode is set to “Full Keyboard” or not.
If the Full Keyboard fingering mode is selected, chords are recognized over the entire range of the keyboard, irrespective of the split
point setting.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
162
164
Appendix
Troubleshooting
PROBLEM
POSSIBLE CAUSE/SOLUTION
The Vocal Harmony effect sounds distorted or outof-tune.
Your vocal microphone may be picking up extraneous sounds, such
as the style sound from the TYROS. In particular, bass sounds can
cause mistracking of the Vocal Harmony. To remedy this:
• Sing as closely to the microphone as possible.
• Use a directional microphone.
• Turn down the MASTER VOLUME, style volume, or song
volume control.
• Separate the microphone from the external speakers as much as
possible.
• Cut the Low band via the 3 Band EQ function in the MIC
SETUP display (page 132).
The microphone input signal and Vocal Harmony
sound cannot be recorded.
This is normal; recording the audio input of the microphone is not
possible.
When a voice is changed, the previously selected
effect is changed.
This is normal, each voice has its own suitable preset values which
are automatically recalled when the corresponding Voice Set parameters are turned on (page 151).
There is a slight difference in sound quality between
notes played on the keyboard.
This is normal and is a result of the TYROS’ sampling system.
Some voices have a looping sound.
Some noise or vibrato is noticeable at higher pitches,
depending upon the voice.
Some voices jump an octave in pitch when played in
the upper or lower registers.
Some voices have a pitch limit which, when reached, causes this
type of pitch shift. This is normal.
The style chord does not change even when a differ- • Are you sure you’re playing on the left-hand section of the keyent chord is played or the chord is not recognized.
board?
• You may be using single-finger type fingering (page 108).
The displayed disk free area value does not coincide
with the actual value.
The displayed value is an approximate value.
Appropriate harmony notes are not produced by the Make sure you are using the appropriate method to specify the harVocal Harmony feature.
mony notes for the current Vocal Harmony mode. See page 133.
The voice produces excessive noise.
Certain voices may produce noise, depending on the Filter (Harmonic Content/Brightness) or EQ settings of the Mixing Console
Filter. This is unavoidable due to the sound generation and processing system of the TYROS. To avoid noise, change the above mentioned settings.
The sound is distorted or noisy.
• The MASTER VOLUME control may be turned up too high.
• This may be caused by the effects. Try cancelling all unnecessary
effects, especially distortion-type effects.
• Some filter resonance settings in the Sound Creator display can
result in distorted sound.
• Is the gain of the Low band set too high in the Master EQ display
(Mixing Console — page 139)?
A strange “flanging” or “doubling” sound occurs.
• Are the RIGHT1 and RIGHT2 parts set to “ON”, for example, and
both parts set to play the same voice?
The sound is slightly different each time the keys are
•
If you are routing the MIDI OUT on the TYROS to a sequencer
played.
and back to the MIDI IN, you may want to set Local Control (page
146) to “off” to avoid MIDI “feedback.”
163
The Main display does not appear even when turning the power on.
This may occur if a hard disk has been installed to the TYROS.
Installation of some hard disk units may result a long interval
between turning the power on and appearance of the Main display.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
165
Appendix
Glossary
A
Auto Accompaniment (Style playback)
A function that generates pre-programmed rhythm, bass and
chord backing in response to specific notes/chords played (or
received via MIDI).
F
C
Chorus
One of the Effect types.
Depending on the particular chorus type and parameters, this
can make a voice sound “larger,” as if several identical instruments were playing in unison, or it can give a voice greater
warmth and depth.
Clock
[1]
A unit of note resolution for MIDI Sequence data.
The sequencer determines the playback position of the Song
or Pattern (MIDI sequence data) by using the following three
parameters: Measure, Beat, and Clock.
[2]
Also referred to as “MIDI Clock,” defined as System Realtime Message in MIDI. This message is transmitted with a
fixed interval (24 times per 1/4 note) to synchronize connected MIDI instruments.
On MIDI Sequencers, you can select whether the instrument’s
internal clock will be used as the Timing Clock, or external
Timing Clock messages received via MIDI IN will be used.
Control Change
A set of MIDI Channel messages that allow for control of a
wide variety of sound parameters, including modulation, pan,
volume, expression, brightness, effect depth, and others.
These can be adjusted using physical controllers, such as the
Modulation Wheel and the Foot Controller.
D
Depth
Refers to the amount or degree to which a parameter setting
changes the original sound.
E
Effect
On the TYROS, an “Effect” is a processing block that alters
the sound output from the tone generator block of the instrument, using DSP (Digital Signal Processing) circuitry to
change the sound in various ways. The TYROS provides two
types of effects: the DSP effects described above (such as
Reverb, Chorus, DSP and DSP variation) and other effects
(such as Harmony/Echo , Initial Touch, Sustain, and Poly/
Mono).
TYROS Owner’s Manual
Factory Reset
Refers to the original, factory-programmed settings of User
drive memory, loaded to the instrument before it is shipped.
Flash ROM
ROM that can be overwritten allowing you to store your own
original data, unlike conventional ROM.
G
Gate Time
In sequence recording, this determines the actual length of
time a note sounds.
When entering the note events in Step Recording of the MIDI
sequencer, Gate time is determined as a percent value of the
step time. A setting of approximately 50% produces a staccato
sound, values between about 80% and 90% produce normal
note length, and a value of 100% will produce a slur.
L
Left-hand section of the keyboard
The section of keys to the left of the split point. Besides being
used to play the LEFT voice, they can also be used to indicate/
play chords for style playback as well as the Harmony and
Vocal Harmony effects.
LFO
An abbreviation for low frequency oscillator, which generates
a low frequency signal on the tone generator block. The signal
from the LFO can be used to modulate the pitch, filter, and
amplitude. Modulating the pitch produces a vibrato effect,
modulating the filter produces a wah effect, and modulating
the amplitude produces a tremolo effect.
Lower
A keyboard part played on the left side of the keyboard from
the split point for the voices instead of LEFT. This part is not
affected by the on/off status of the [ACMP] button.
N
Note On/Off
MIDI messages which represent notes played on a keyboard
or other instrument. Pressing a key produces a Note On message, and a Note Off message is produced when the key is
released.
Note On message includes a specific note number which corresponds to the key which is pressed, plus a velocity value
based on how hard the key is struck.
164
166
Event List
A useful Song/Style/Multi Pad Creator tool that arranges all
events in a song in chronological order (in measures, beats,
clocks), and allows you to make detailed changes to those
events.
Appendix
Glossary
P
S
Path
Refers to the location of the folders and files currently indicated on the LCD display.
Song Position
Refers to the place within song data at which playback is
started, being done, or where notes are input in step recording.
This is indicated in units of Measure (Bar), Beat, Clock.
Pop-up window
A “small” window that appears on the LCD display temporarily.
Program Change
A MIDI channel message that determines the voice number
by specifying the program number. Combining this with Bank
Select messages allows you to select any of the voices via
MIDI.
Preset
Preset Data supplied with the internal memory of the TYROS
shipped from the factory. There are various types of Preset
data, such as Preset voices, Preset songs, Preset waves — as
opposed to User data, which is your own originally created
data.
R
RAM
An acronym for Random Access Memory that allows both
reading and writing of data. This can be used for the Edit
Buffer and the data created by editing or recording.
U
Upper
A keyboard part played on the right side of the keyboard from
the split point for the voices instead of RIGHT1, 2, and 3.
User
Refers to the data you create via various functions of the
TYROS.
There are various types of User data, such as User voices,
User songs, User waves — as opposed to Preset data, which
is factory-programmed data built into the TYROS.
V
Velocity
A parameter within the MIDI Note On message that conveys
the force of the note.
Vibrato
A quavering, vibrating sound that is produced by regularly
modulating the pitch of the voice.
Reverb
Also called “reverberation,” this refers to the sound energy
remaining in a room or closed space after the original sound
stops. Similar to yet different from echo, reverb is the indirect, diffuse sound of reflections from the walls and ceiling
that accompany the direct sound. The characteristics of this
indirect sound depends on the size of the room or space and
the materials and furnishings in the room. Reverb Effect
types use digital signal processing to simulate these characteristics.
Right-hand section of the keyboard
The section of keys to the right of the split point, used to play
the RIGHT 1 - 3 voices.
Revoice
A function that changes the voice for each part or channel of
the selected style or song to one of the specially created voices
of the TYROS.
165
ROM
An acronym for “Read Only Memory.”
This type of memory can be read from but not written to or
erased. All preset data supplied with the instrument is contained on ROM.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
167
Appendix
Specifications
Sound Source:
Keyboard:
Keys
Touch Response
Polyphony:
Voices:
Preset Voices
User Voices
(created with Sound Creator
function)
Custom Voices
(created with Voice Editor
software)
AWM
61 Keys (C1 ~ C6)
Initial Touch/Aftertouch
128 Notes max
1185
Maximum number is unlimited; depends solely on the capacity of the
USER/FD/HD drives. *
Normal Voice: 128 max
10 Preset
Maximum number varies according to the type of voice created
and the way in which it was created or edited. For example, if
only Live! GrandPiano voices are saved as Custom voices, up to
94 voices can be saved.
Maximum number varies according to the type of voice created
and the way in which it was created or edited. For example, if
only Live! StandardKit voices are saved as Custom voices, up to
10 voices can be saved.
Created data can be saved to USER/FD/HD drive.
3 parts
1 parts
F#2
F#2
RIGHT1, RIGHT2, RIGHT3
Includes LEFT HOLD function.
Can be set and memorized.
Can be set and memorized.
34 Preset + 3 User
26 Preset + 3 User
183 Preset + 3 User
183 Preset + 10 User
1 block; parameters including depth can be edited.
1 block; parameters including depth can be edited.
1 block for style and song; parameters including depth can be edited.
4 blocks for RIGHT1, 2, 3, and LEFT; parameters including depth
can be edited.
1 block for microphone; parameters including depth can be edited.
4 blocks for RIGHT1, 2, 3, and LEFT
When set to MONO, the Portamento Time can be set.
3 notes polyphony; parameters including balance can be edited.
Drum Voice: 10 max
Organ Flutes
Orchestration:
Upper
Lower
Split Point (Left)
Split Point (Style)
Effects:
Reverb
Chorus
DSP Effect
DSP Effects
DSP Effect
DSP Variation
Poly/Mono
Vocal Harmony
Microphone Effect
403 voices (Normal: 393 + Mega: 10) + 10 Organ Flutes voices
+ 480 XG voices + 256 GM2 voices
+ 31 drum kits (XG and Panel: 22 + GM2: 9) + 5 SFX kits
Created data can be saved to the USER/FD/HD drive.
Harmony/Echo
Master EQ
Part EQ
183 Preset + 10 User
(Available)
(Available)
60 Preset + 10 User
Noise Gate x 1, Compressor x 1,
3 Band EQ x 1
17 Preset
5 Preset + 2 User
29 parts
Master Compressor
Touch Response
Tempo
Transpose
Tune
Upper Octave
Part Octave
Pitch Bend Wheel
Modulation Wheel
5 Preset + 5 User
5 Preset
5 ~ 500
-12 ~ 0 ~ 12
414.8 ~ 440 ~ 466.8Hz
-1, 0, +1
-2, -1, 0, +1, +2
(Available)
(Available)
Preset Styles
User Styles
300
Maximum number is unlimited; depends solely on the capacity of the
USER/FD/HD drives. *
Can be switched between PRESET
and USER/DISK
Style File Format
INTRO x 3
FILL IN x 4
BREAK x 1
MAIN x 4
ENDING x 3
FADE IN/OUT
TAP TEMPO
Fingered Mode
5 Band
2 Band, 29 parts (RIGHT1, RIGHT2, RIGHT3, LEFT, STYLE x 8,
SONG x 16, M.PAD)
3 Band. Type, Threshold, and Gain (3 Band) can be set.
Can be set independently for Keyboard, Song, and Master.
Set in 0.2Hz units. A3 is set to 440Hz as default.
Style:
Style selection
Data Format
Controls
TYROS Owner’s Manual
When USER/DISK is turned ON, the path can be set to each of
10 category buttons.
Up to 120 Kbytes per style
Includes ritardando (rit.) function
Single Finger, Multi Finger, Fingered, On Bass, Full Keyboard, AI
Fingered, AI Full Keyboard
166
168
Assigned to 10 category buttons
Created data can be saved to the USER/FD/HD drive.
Appendix
Specifications
One Touch Setting:
Music Finder:
Multi Pad:
Control
Bank
4 setups per style
1446 Records
Programmable
Programmable up to 2500 Records.
PAD 1/2/3/4, STOP
Maximum number is unlimited; depends solely on the capacity of the
USER/FD/HD drives. *
Created data can be saved to the USER/FD/HD drive.
Song:
Playback method
Selection controls
Disk Direct playback
I/II/III/IV/V/VI
Playback controls
SP1/SP2/SP3/SP4/LOOP
Maximum number of songs
Maximum number is unlimited; depends solely on the capacity of the
USER/FD/HD drives. *
16
Approximately 35,000 notes max.
Channels
Recording capacity
Registration Memeory:
8 buttons
Language:
Display:
Lyrics
Lyrics (others)
Score
File Selection type
6 languages
Backlit Graphic LCD
(Available)
(Available)
(Available)
Direct Selection/Number Input
Includes Quick Start function
Includes Chain playback, Random playback, and the reservation
of next song (NEXT/CANCEL) function.
Up to 4 song positions can be set and used for Jump/Loop playback.
Created data can be saved to the USER/FD/HD drive.
Recording methods: Quick Record, Multi Track Record, Step
Record, Chord Step
Includes Freeze function. Created data can be saved to the
USER/FD/HD drive.
English, German, French, Spanish, Italian, Japanese
7.8 inch, 640 x 480 dot
XF, TUNE1000
KAR, M-Live
SMF
Voices, styles, songs, Multi Pad banks, Registration Memory
banks can be selected.
Disk:
Compatible format
User drive
Floppy disk
Hard disk
Demonstrations:
Help:
Connectors:
MIDI
XG, XF, GM, GM Level2, SMF, DOC, Piano Player (ESEQ), Style File Format (SFF)
3.3 MB
Up to 250 files/folders can be created in one folder.
3.5" 2HD/2DD
Up to 250 files/folders can be created in one folder. Floppy disk
capacity (root directory): up to 224 files/folders for 2HD, up to 112
files/folders for 2DD.
2.5-inch HD (optional)
Up to 250 files/folders can be created in one folder.
6 languages
English, German, French, Spanish, Italian, Japanese
6 languages
English, German, French, Spanish, Italian, Japanese
Controls
MIDI A (IN/OUT)
MIDI B (IN/OUT)
FOOT PEDAL 1/2/3
USB
Video Out
USB Slave x 1
NTSC/PAL Composite Signal
Audio (Analog)
Power Supply
Dimensions:
Weight:
PHONES
LOOP SEND (L/L+R, R)
LINE OUT MAIN (L/L+R, R), SUB (1/2)
AUX IN/LOOP RETURN (L/L+R, R),
TRIM VOL
TO SUB WOOFER L/R
TO LEFT/RIGHT SPEAKER
MIC/LINE IN
Includes TRIM and INPUT VOLUME controls, and SIGNAL/
OVER indicator. A standard dynamic microphone with an impedance of about 250 ohms is recommended.
AC Inlet
1140 (L) x 428 (D) x 137 (H) mm
Not including the music rest, speakers and brackets.
12.4 kg
Optional Accessories:
Speaker
Foot Switch
Foot Controller
Headphones
Keyboard Stand
Bench
Hard Disk
TRS-MS01
FC4/5
FC7
HPE-150/HPE-160
L-7/L-7S
BC-6
2.5-inch IDE
Assignable; default settings are 1: Sustain, 2: DSP Variation, 3:
Volume.
USB Ver. 1.1
The current LCD contents or the Lyrics of the current song can
be displayed on an external video monitor.
Height 12.7 mm max., 40 GB max. (current availability; support
for up to 137 GB)
* Up to 250 files/folders can be created in one folder of the User/FD/HD drive.
167
* Specifications and descriptions in this owner’s manual are for information purposes only. Yamaha Corp. reserves
the right to change or modify products or specifications at any time without prior notice. Since specifications,
equipment or options may not be the same in every locale, please check with your Yamaha dealer.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
169
Appendix
Index
3
CHD ......................................... 77
DOC ........................................... 8
3BAND EQ ............................... 132
CHORD.................................... 121
DORIAN .................................. 121
Chord ....................................... 108
Drum Kit ................................... 79
A
CHORD DETECT ....................... 76
DSP ................................ 39, 77, 81
Accent Type............................... 119
CHORD FINGERING .................. 76
DSP Type ................................... 84
Accompaniment .......................... 32
Chord Fingerings ........................ 108
DSP VARIATION ....................... 153
ACMP .................................. 32, 75
Chord Match........................ 38, 125
DSP Variation ........................ 39, 81
Aftertouch ........................... 81, 154
CHORD NOTE ONLY ................ 155
DSP1-6..................................... 136
AI Fingered ............................... 109
Chord Tutor ............................... 108
Dynamics.................................. 118
AI Full Keyboard ........................ 109
Chordal .................................... 133
Amplitude .................................. 86
Chorus...................................... 136
E
Any Key .................................... 48
Clock .......................... 98, 100, 146
Echo Types ................................ 155
APPEND .................................. 127
CMP ......................................... 76
EDIT......................................... 77
ARABIC ................................... 151
COMMON ................................. 77
EFFECT ............................... 75, 76
Assembling ........................ 114, 118
Compressor ............................... 133
Effect ....................................... 136
ASSEMBLY ............................... 77
Computer ................................... 58
EFFECT/EQ ............................... 76
Assembly .................................. 118
CONFIG ............................. 76, 156
EG ............................................ 87
ASSIGN ................................... 155
Control Change ................... 105, 142
ENDING ....................... 34, 75, 153
AT ........................................... 147
CONTROLLER ..................... 76, 77
ENTER ..................................... 60
Attack ....................................... 87
Copy ......................................... 68
Envelope Generator...................... 87
AUTO FILL IN ...................... 34, 75
Current ...................................... 93
EQ ..................................... 76, 139
Cursor ....................................... 73
EQUAL TEMPERAMENT .......... 151
Custom Voice .................. 79, 85, 159
Equalizer .................................. 139
Cut ........................................... 68
ESEQ ....................................... 144
Cutoff Frequency ......................... 87
Event List ........ 94, 98, 100, 117, 125
B
BACK ....................................... 61
BALANCE ....................... 16, 36, 76
Bank ......................................... 52
Bar............................................ 24
Bar Clear .................................. 120
Exclusive messages ..................... 142
D
EXIT......................................... 61
DATA ENTRY ............................ 60
Bar Copy .................................. 120
Decay ........................................ 87
F
BASIC ....................................... 77
Delay ........................................ 87
Factory Reset ............................. 159
Basic Operations ......................... 60
Delete................................... 69, 96
FADE IN TIME ......................... 156
BASS HOLD ............................. 153
DEMO ................................. 17, 76
FADE IN/OUT................ 16, 75, 153
Beat ................................... 98, 100
Demo ........................................ 24
Fade In/Out .................. 35, 109, 156
Beat Converter ........................... 119
Depth ........................................ 87
FADE OUT HOLD TIME ............ 156
BREAK ................................ 34, 75
Destination ................................. 97
FADE OUT TIME ...................... 156
Brightness ........................... 87, 135
DIGITAL RECORDING .......... 17, 77
FD drive ............................... 30, 63
Digital Recording .......... 94, 114, 124
FF (Fast Forward) ........................ 75
Direct Access .............................. 62
File ........................................... 63
DISK ................................. 76, 156
File Utility ............................ 59, 64
Disk ............................................ 6
FILL BREAK ............................ 153
Disk drive ............................. 64, 65
FILL DOWN ............................. 153
Display Message ......................... 62
FILL IN ..................................... 34
Display Voice Number ................. 156
FILL SELF ............................... 153
C
CC ........................................... 147
CD-ROM ..................................... 7
CHANNEL ................................ 77
Channel message ........................ 142
CHANNEL ON/OFF .......... 16, 45, 76
Channel Transpose ....................... 97
TYROS Owner’s Manual
168
170
Appendix
Index
FILL UP ................................... 153
HIGH KEY ........................ 115, 122
FILTER ..................................... 76
MAIN jacks............................... 141
Filter .................................... 86, 87
I
Main picture ........................ 63, 158
Fine ......................................... 119
INITIAL TOUCH ........................ 77
MAIN VARIATION ..................... 75
FING/ON BASS ......................... 153
Initial Touch .......................... 39, 81
Marker ............................... 44, 106
Fingered ................................... 108
INPUT VOLUME ............ 46, 75, 130
Master Compressor .............. 136, 140
Fingered On Bass ....................... 108
Insertion Effect .......................... 137
Master EQ.......................... 136, 139
Fingering .................................. 108
INTRO ................................. 34, 75
Master Transpose ........................ 82
Flash ROM ............................ 64, 65
Floppy disk................................... 6
Floppy Disk Drive .................... 6, 17
Folder ........................................ 63
Follow Lights ......................... 48, 49
FOOT PEDAL ..................... 76, 152
Foot Volume .............................. 152
Footage ...................................... 83
Footswitch................................. 152
FREEZE .................................... 76
Freeze ................................ 53, 128
Full Keyboard ............................ 109
FUNCTION .......................... 17, 76
Function Tree .............................. 75
G
GLIDE ..................................... 152
GM ........................................ 8, 79
GM System Level 1........................ 8
GM System Level 2........................ 8
GM2 ...................................... 8, 79
GROOVE ................................... 77
Groove ..................................... 118
GUIDE ................................. 17, 77
Guide ........................................ 48
H
Harmonic Content ................. 87, 135
HARMONIC MINOR ................. 121
HARMONY ............................... 77
Harmony mode............................ 47
Harmony Types .......................... 155
HARMONY/ECHO .............. 77, 153
Harmony/Echo ..................... 39, 154
HD drive .................................... 63
HELP ................................... 17, 76
Help .......................................... 61
169
Main display ............................... 24
MASTER TUNE .................. 76, 150
J
Jump ......................................... 44
Jump Marker .............................. 91
K
Karao-key .................................. 48
Kbd. Vel (Keyboard Velocity) ........ 101
Key Signature ...................... 89, 106
Keyboard ......................... 16, 74, 81
Keyboard part ...................... 78, 134
Keyboard Transpose ..................... 82
Keyword .................................... 41
L
MASTER VOLUME .......... 16, 22, 75
Maximum Polyphony ................... 80
MEAN-TONE ........................... 151
Measure .............................. 98, 100
Mega Voice ................................ 80
MELODIC MINOR .................... 121
MEMORY ................................. 76
Memory Drive ............................ 62
Message Switch ......................... 146
Meta Event ................................ 106
METRONOME ...................... 16, 75
Metronome................................ 156
MFC10 .......................... 18, 76, 148
Language ....................... 61, 93, 158
MIC .............................. 16, 75, 130
LCD.............................. 17, 60, 151
MIC SETTING ........................... 75
LCD buttons ............................... 60
MIC/LINE IN ........................ 19, 46
LCD contrast .............................. 23
Microphone ......................... 46, 130
LEFT ............................ 28, 74, 153
MIDI.................................. 76, 142
Left Hold ................................... 78
MIDI channel ............................ 143
Length ....................................... 84
MIDI Setup ......................... 63, 159
LFO .......................................... 86
MIDI Template .................... 63, 145
LINE OUT ................................. 76
Mix........................................... 97
Line Out Settings ........................ 140
MIXING CONSOLE............... 16, 76
Local Control ............................. 146
Mixing Console.......................... 134
LOOP........................................ 75
Mode ........................................ 84
Loop .................................... 43, 44
MODULATION ......................... 153
Loop End Marker ........................ 91
Modulation................................. 86
Loop Recording ......................... 115
MODULATION
wheel .................... 17, 77, 82, 154
Lower ....................................... 146
LYRICS .............................. 77, 151
Lyrics ........................................ 90
Lyrics Background Picture ....... 63, 90
M
MAIN ...................................... 153
Mono .............................. 39, 81, 86
Multi Assign .............................. 155
Multi Finger .............................. 108
Multi Pad ....................... 38, 63, 124
Multi Pad Bank ........................... 63
MULTI PAD CONTROL ......... 16, 75
TYROS Owner’s Manual
171
Appendix
Index
Multi Recording .......................... 56
Part Settings .............................. 135
REC END .................................. 95
Music Finder ........... 40, 63, 126, 159
Paste ......................................... 68
REC MODE ............................... 77
Music Rest ........................ 7, 16, 21
Path .......................................... 72
REC START ............................... 95
PB ........................................... 147
RECEIVE .................................. 76
N
PC ........................................... 147
Receive Transpose ...................... 146
Name ........................................ 70
PEDAL PUNCH IN/OUT ............. 95
RECORD................................... 77
NATURAL MINOR .................... 121
PERCUSSION ........................... 153
Record (Muisc Finder)........... 40, 126
New Song ............................. 54, 56
Phrase Mark .......................... 91, 93
Recording .................................. 54
NEXT ....................................... 61
PITCH BEND ............................ 153
REGIST BANK .......................... 76
Next/Cancel ................................ 92
Pitch Bend ................................ 142
REGISTRATION BANK .............. 76
Noise Gate ................................ 133
Pitch Bend Range ....................... 135
REGISTRATION MEMORY .... 16, 76
Note ......................................... 105
PITCH BEND wheel .......... 17, 77, 82
Registration Memory............. 51, 128
Note Limit .......................... 115, 122
Poly ................................ 39, 81, 86
Registration Memory Bank ............ 63
Note name ............................. 78, 89
POLY/MONO ............................. 77
Note number .............................. 142
Poly/Mono ............................ 39, 81
REGISTRATION MEMORY
CONTENTS ............................ 76
Note off .................................... 142
PORTAMENTO ......................... 152
Registration Sequence ........... 53, 128
Note on ..................................... 142
Portamento ................................. 81
Release ...................................... 87
Note Transposition ...................... 115
Portamento Time .................. 86, 135
Repeat ................................ 93, 125
NTR .................................. 115, 121
POWER ON/OFF .............. 22, 24, 75
Repeat Folder ............................. 93
NTT .................................. 115, 121
PRESET .................................... 75
REPLACE ................................ 127
Preset drive................. 31, 63, 64, 65
REPLACE ALL .......................... 95
Program Change .................. 105, 142
Resonance .................................. 87
O
Octave ........................... 28, 86, 135
One Touch Setting ................ 36, 110
Open/Save display ............. 30, 66, 71
PROGRAMMABLE
MUSIC FINDER ................. 17, 77
Response ................................... 84
Reverb ...................................... 136
PROGRAMMABLE
ONE TOUCH SETTING ....... 17, 77
REW (Rewind) ........................... 75
Organ Flutes ..................... 29, 79, 83
Organ Type ................................. 83
Property ..................................... 71
RIGHT2 ........................ 27, 74, 153
OTS .................................. 110, 153
PUNCH IN AT ............................ 95
RIGHT3 ............................. 74, 153
OTS LINK ................................. 75
Punch In/Out .............................. 94
rit. ............................................ 34
OTS Link .................................. 110
PUNCH OUT AT......................... 95
ROOT ....................................... 76
OTS Link Timing........................ 112
PURE MAJOR........................... 151
ROOT FIXED ............................ 121
OVER ................................ 46, 130
PURE MINOR ........................... 151
ROOT TRANS........................... 121
Overdub Recording ..................... 115
PYTHAGORIAN ....................... 151
Rotary Speaker Speed................... 83
OWNER ............................. 76, 158
Owner name .............................. 158
Q
Quantize .................................... 96
Quick Recording ......................... 54
P
Panel logos ................................... 8
Quick Start ................................. 93
Panpot ...................................... 135
PARAMETER ............................ 77
R
Parameter Lock .......................... 156
RAM ......................................... 65
Part .......................................... 134
Random ..................................... 93
Part EQ ..................................... 136
Realtime Message ....................... 142
PART ON/OFF ....................... 17, 77
Realtime Recording ..................... 94
PART SELECT ...................... 17, 77
REC .......................................... 75
TYROS Owner’s Manual
RTR .................................. 115, 122
S
Save .......................................... 69
SCALE TUNE ..................... 76, 150
Score......................................... 88
SCORE PAGE - ......................... 153
SCORE PAGE +......................... 153
Search ....................................... 41
Section ...................................... 34
Section Set ................................ 113
Sequence format ......................... 144
170
172
RIGHT1 ........................ 26, 74, 153
Appendix
Index
Setup ......................................... 97
SUSTAIN ........................... 77, 152
User drive .................. 30, 63, 64, 65
SIGNAL ............................. 46, 130
Sustain ................................. 39, 81
User Effect ................... 63, 138, 159
Single Finger ............................. 108
Swing ....................................... 119
User Master Compressor ........ 63, 140
Sleep Time ................................ 157
SYNC START .... 32, 74, 75, 110, 153
User Master EQ ................... 63, 139
SMF ......................................... 144
SYNC STOP ........... 35, 75, 110, 153
User Voice .................................. 85
SOFT ....................................... 152
Synchro Start .................. 32, 74, 110
USER/DISK ............................... 75
SONG .................................. 16, 75
Synchro Stop ....................... 35, 110
UTILITY ................................... 76
Song ............................... 43, 63, 88
Synchro Stop Window ................. 112
Utility ...................................... 156
Song Auto Open ......................... 157
SYS/EX. ............................. 77, 146
Song Auto Revoice...................... 136
SYSTEM ................................... 76
V
SONG CONTROL .................. 16, 43
System ..................................... 146
Velocity .................................... 142
SONG CREATOR ....................... 77
System Effect............................. 137
VH TYPE SELECT ..................... 75
Song Creator ............................... 94
System Exclusive Message ........... 142
Vibrato ...................................... 87
Song Position .............................. 91
System Message ......................... 142
Vibrato depth .............................. 83
Song Position Marker ............ 91, 106
SYSTEM RESET ........................ 76
Vibrato on/off ............................. 83
SONG SETTING......................... 76
System Reset ............................. 159
Vibrato Speed ............................. 84
Song Transpose ........................... 82
System Setup ....................... 63, 159
VIDEO OUT ....................... 76, 151
VIEW ....................................... 71
SOSTENUTO ............................ 152
SOUND ..................................... 77
T
Vocal Cue Time ...................... 48, 50
SOUND CREATOR ................ 17, 77
TALK ................................. 75, 153
VOCAL HARMONY ............ 75, 153
Sound Creator ........................ 83, 85
Talk Setting ............................... 132
Vocal Harmony ................. 8, 47, 136
Source ....................................... 97
Tap .................................... 35, 109
Vocal Harmony mode .................. 133
Source Chord ...................... 115, 121
TAP TEMPO .................. 16, 75, 153
Vocal Harmony Type .................... 47
Source Pattern ............................ 115
TEMPO ................................ 16, 75
Vocoder .................................... 133
Source Root ........................ 115, 121
Tempo ............................... 106, 109
VOICE ................................. 17, 77
SP (Song Position) .................. 43, 75
Time Signature ........................... 106
Voice............................... 26, 63, 78
Speaker ........................ 20, 156, 160
TOP .......................................... 75
Voice Allocation Format .............. 144
SPEED ..................................... 155
TOUCH LIMIT .......................... 155
Voice Editor .......................... 59, 64
SPLIT POINT ............................. 76
Touch Sense ............................... 86
VOICE EFFECT .................... 17, 77
Split Point ...................... 32, 74, 112
TRANSMIT ............................... 76
Voice Effect ........................... 39, 81
START/STOP ...................... 75, 146
Transmit ................................... 146
VOICE SET ............................... 76
Step Recording ............................ 94
TRANSMIT CLOCK .................. 146
Voice Set .................................. 151
STOP ........................................ 75
TRANSPOSE ........................ 16, 75
VOL/VOICE .............................. 76
Stop Accompaniment............. 33, 112
Transpose ............................ 82, 135
VOLUME .......................... 152, 155
STRENGTH ............................... 96
TRANSPOSE ASSIGN ............... 154
Volume ................................. 84, 86
STYLE ................................. 16, 75
TUNE ....................................... 76
Style ............................. 32, 63, 108
Tuning ............................... 135, 150
X
STYLE CONTROL................. 16, 75
TV monitor ................................ 90
XF .............................................. 8
XG ........................................ 8, 79
STYLE CREATOR ...................... 77
Style Creator .............................. 114
Style File ..................................... 8
STYLE SETTING ....................... 76
Style Touch ............................... 113
171
SUB jacks ................................. 141
U
Upper ....................................... 146
UPPER OCTAVE ................... 17, 77
Upper Octave ......................... 28, 82
USB ..................................... 18, 58
USB cable .................................... 7
TYROS Owner’s Manual
173
FCC INFORMATION (U.S.A.)
1. IMPORTANT NOTICE: DO NOT MODIFY THIS UNIT!
This product, when installed as indicated in the instructions contained in this manual, meets FCC requirements. Modifications not
expressly approved by Yamaha may void your authority, granted by
the FCC, to use the product.
2. IMPORTANT: When connecting this product to accessories and/
or another product use only high quality shielded cables. Cable/s
supplied with this product MUST be used. Follow all installation
instructions. Failure to follow instructions could void your FCC
authorization to use this product in the USA.
3. NOTE: This product has been tested and found to comply with the
requirements listed in FCC Regulations, Part 15 for Class “B” digital
devices. Compliance with these requirements provides a reasonable level of assurance that your use of this product in a residential
environment will not result in harmful interference with other electronic devices. This equipment generates/uses radio frequencies
and, if not installed and used according to the instructions found in
the users manual, may cause interference harmful to the operation
of other electronic devices. Compliance with FCC regulations does
not guarantee that interference will not occur in all installations. If
this product is found to be the source of interference, which can be
determined by turning the unit “OFF” and “ON”, please try to eliminate the problem by using one of the following measures:
Relocate either this product or the device that is being affected by
the interference.
Utilize power outlets that are on different branch (circuit breaker or
fuse) circuits or install AC line filter/s.
In the case of radio or TV interference, relocate/reorient the
antenna. If the antenna lead-in is 300 ohm ribbon lead, change the
lead-in to co-axial type cable.
If these corrective measures do not produce satisfactory results,
please contact the local retailer authorized to distribute this type of
product. If you can not locate the appropriate retailer, please contact Yamaha Corporation of America, Electronic Service Division,
6600 Orangethorpe Ave, Buena Park, CA90620
The above statements apply ONLY to those products distributed by
Yamaha Corporation of America or its subsidiaries.
* This applies only to products distributed by YAMAHA CORPORATION OF AMERICA.
IMPORTANT NOTICE FOR THE UNITED KINGDOM
Connecting the Plug and Cord
IMPORTANT. The wires in this mains lead are coloured in accordance
with the following code:
BLUE
: NEUTRAL
BROWN : LIVE
As the colours of the wires in the mains lead of this apparatus may not
correspond with the coloured makings identifying the terminals in your
plug proceed as follows:
The wire which is coloured BLUE must be connected to the terminal
which is marked with the letter N or coloured BLACK.
The wire which is coloured BROWN must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter L or coloured RED.
Making sure that neither core is connected to the earth terminal of the
three pin plug.
• This applies only to products distributed by Yamaha-Kemble Music (U.K.) Ltd.
TYROS Owner’s Manual
(2 wires)
(class B)
CAUTION: TO PREVENT ELECTRIC SHOCK, MATCH WIDE
BLADE OF PLUG TO WIDE SLOT, FULLY INSERT.
ATTENTION: POUR ÉVITER LES CHOCS ÉLECTRIQUES,
INTRODUIRE LA LAME LA PLUS LARGE DE LA FICHE DANS LA
BORNE CORRESPONDANTE DE LA PRISE ET POUSSER JUSQU’AU
FOND.
• This applies only to products distributed by Yamaha Canada Music Ltd.
(polarity)
• Ceci ne s’applique qu’aux produits distribués par Yamaha Canada Musique Ltée.
For details of products, please contact your nearest Yamaha or the
authorized distributor listed below.
Pour plus de détails sur les produits, veuillez-vous adresser à Yamaha ou
au distributeur le plus proche de vous figurant dans la liste suivante.
NORTH AMERICA
CANADA
Yamaha Canada Music Ltd.
135 Milner Avenue, Scarborough, Ontario,
M1S 3R1, Canada
Tel: 416-298-1311
U.S.A.
Yamaha Corporation of America
6600 Orangethorpe Ave., Buena Park, Calif. 90620,
U.S.A.
Tel: 714-522-9011
CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA
MEXICO
Yamaha de Mexico S.A. De C.V.,
Departamento de ventas
Javier Rojo Gomez No.1149, Col. Gpe Del
Moral, Deleg. Iztapalapa, 09300 Mexico, D.F.
Tel: 686-00-33
BRAZIL
Yamaha Musical do Brasil LTDA.
Av. Rebouças 2636, São Paulo, Brasil
Tel: 011-853-1377
ARGENTINA
Yamaha de Panamá S.A. Sucursal de Argentina
Viamonte 1145 Piso2-B 1053,
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Tel: 1-4371-7021
PANAMA AND OTHER LATIN
AMERICAN COUNTRIES/
CARIBBEAN COUNTRIES
Yamaha de Panamá S.A.
Torre Banco General, Piso 7, Urbanización Marbella,
Calle 47 y Aquilino de la Guardia,
Ciudad de Panamá, Panamá
Tel: 507-269-5311
EUROPE
THE UNITED KINGDOM
Yamaha-Kemble Music (U.K.) Ltd.
Sherbourne Drive, Tilbrook, Milton Keynes,
MK7 8BL, England
Tel: 01908-366700
IRELAND
Danfay Ltd.
61D, Sallynoggin Road, Dun Laoghaire, Co. Dublin
Tel: 01-2859177
GERMANY
Yamaha Europa GmbH.
Siemensstraße 22-34, 25462 Rellingen, Germany
Tel: 04101-3030
SWITZERLAND
Yamaha Europa GmbH. Zweigniederlassung Zürich
Seefeldstrasse 94, 8008 Zürich, Switzerland
Tel: 01-383 3990
AUSTRIA
Yamaha Europa GmbH. Zweigniederlassung Wien
Schleiergasse 20, A-1100 Wien, Austria
Tel: 01-60203900
THE NETHERLANDS
Yamaha Music Nederland
Clarissenhof 5-b, 4133 AB Vianen, The Netherlands
Tel: 0347-358 040
BELGIUM
Yamaha Music Belgium
Rue de Geneve (Genevastraat) 10, 1140 - Brussels,
Belgium
Tel: 02-726 6032
Die Einzelheiten zu Produkten sind bei Ihrer unten aufgeführten
Niederlassung und bei Yamaha Vertragshändlern in den jeweiligen
Bestimmungsländern erhältlich.
Para detalles sobre productos, contacte su tienda Yamaha más cercana
o el distribuidor autorizado que se lista debajo.
ASIA
FRANCE
Yamaha Musique France,
Division Professionnelle
BP 70-77312 Marne-la-Vallée Cedex 2, France
Tel: 01-64-61-4000
ITALY
Yamaha Musica Italia S.P.A.,
Combo Division
Viale Italia 88, 20020 Lainate (Milano), Italy
Tel: 02-935-771
SPAIN/PORTUGAL
Yamaha-Hazen Música, S.A.
Ctra. de la Coruna km. 17, 200, 28230
Las Rozas (Madrid) Spain
Tel: 91-201-0700
GREECE
Philippe Nakas S.A.
Navarinou Street 13, P.Code 10680, Athens, Greece
Tel: 01-364-7111
SWEDEN
Yamaha Scandinavia AB
J. A. Wettergrens Gata 1
Box 30053
S-400 43 Göteborg, Sweden
Tel: 031 89 34 00
HONG KONG
Tom Lee Music Co., Ltd.
11/F., Silvercord Tower 1, 30 Canton Road,
Tsimshatsui, Kowloon, Hong Kong
Tel: 2737-7688
INDONESIA
PT. Yamaha Music Indonesia (Distributor)
PT. Nusantik
Gedung Yamaha Music Center, Jalan Jend. Gatot
Subroto Kav. 4, Jakarta 12930, Indonesia
Tel: 21-520-2577
KOREA
Yamaha Music Korea Ltd.
Tong-Yang Securities Bldg. 16F 23-8 Yoido-dong,
Youngdungpo-ku, Seoul, Korea
Tel: 02-3770-0661
MALAYSIA
Yamaha Music Malaysia, Sdn., Bhd.
Lot 8, Jalan Perbandaran, 47301 Kelana Jaya,
Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia
Tel: 3-703-0900
PHILIPPINES
DENMARK
YS Copenhagen Liaison Office
Generatorvej 8B
DK-2730 Herlev, Denmark
Tel: 44 92 49 00
FINLAND
F-Musiikki Oy
Kluuvikatu 6, P.O. Box 260,
SF-00101 Helsinki, Finland
Tel: 09 618511
Yupangco Music Corporation
339 Gil J. Puyat Avenue, P.O. Box 885 MCPO,
Makati, Metro Manila, Philippines
Tel: 819-7551
SINGAPORE
Yamaha Music Asia Pte., Ltd.
11 Ubi Road #06-00, Meiban Industrial Building,
Singapore
Tel: 65-747-4374
TAIWAN
NORWAY
Norsk filial av Yamaha Scandinavia AB
Grini Næringspark 1
N-1345 Østerås, Norway
Tel: 67 16 77 70
ICELAND
Skifan HF
Skeifan 17 P.O. Box 8120
IS-128 Reykjavik, Iceland
Tel: 525 5000
Yamaha KHS Music Co., Ltd.
10F, 150, Tun-Hwa Northroad,
Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Tel: 02-2713-8999
THAILAND
Siam Music Yamaha Co., Ltd.
121/60-61 RS Tower 17th Floor,
Ratchadaphisek RD., Dindaeng,
Bangkok 10320, Thailand
Tel: 02-641-2951
THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
AND OTHER ASIAN COUNTRIES
OTHER EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
Yamaha Europa GmbH.
Siemensstraße 22-34, 25462 Rellingen, Germany
Tel: 04101-3030
Yamaha Corporation,
Asia-Pacific Music Marketing Group
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430-8650
Tel: 053-460-2317
OCEANIA
AFRICA
Yamaha Corporation,
Asia-Pacific Music Marketing Group
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430-8650
Tel: 053-460-2312
MIDDLE EAST
TURKEY/CYPRUS
Yamaha Europa GmbH.
Siemensstraße 22-34, 25462 Rellingen, Germany
Tel: 04101-3030
OTHER COUNTRIES
Yamaha Music Gulf FZE
LB21-128 Jebel Ali Freezone
P.O.Box 17328, Dubai, U.A.E.
Tel: 971-4-881-5868
AUSTRALIA
Yamaha Music Australia Pty. Ltd.
Level 1, 99 Queensbridge Street, Southbank, Victoria
3006, Australia
Tel: 3-9693-5111
NEW ZEALAND
Music Houses of N.Z. Ltd.
146/148 Captain Springs Road, Te Papapa,
Auckland, New Zealand
Tel: 9-634-0099
COUNTRIES AND TRUST
TERRITORIES IN PACIFIC OCEAN
Yamaha Corporation,
Asia-Pacific Music Marketing Group
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430-8650
Tel: 053-460-2312
HEAD OFFICE Yamaha Corporation, Pro Audio & Digital Musical Instrument Division
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430-8650
Tel: 053-460-3273
[PK] 23
Yamaha PK CLUB (Portable Keyboard Home Page, English only)
http://www.yamahaPKclub.com/
Yamaha Manual Library
http://www2.yamaha.co.jp/manual/english/
M.D.G., Pro Audio & Digital Musical Instrument Division, Yamaha Corporation
© 2002 Yamaha Corporation
V922620 ???PO???.?-02B0 Printed in China