ESAB PCM-875A Instruction manual

PCM-875
Plasma Arc Cutting Package
Instruction Manual
This manual provides installation and operation instructions for the following PCM-875 cutting packages starting with
Serial No. PHJ205001:
Consoles:
P/N 0558001167 - 208/230 V, 50/60 Hz, 1 or 3-phase
P/N 0558001169 - 460 V, 50/60 Hz, 3-phase
P/N 0558001170 - 575 V, 60 Hz, 3-phase
P/N 0558001171 - 400 V, 50/60 Hz, 3-phase
P/N 0558001172 - 230 V, 50 Hz, CE, 3-phase
The above consoles are used in the following packages
P/N 36590 - 208/230 V Console w/25' PT-27 Torch
P/N 36592 - 460 V Console w/25' PT-27 Torch
P/N 36714 - 575 V Console w/25' PT-27 Torch
P/N 36725 - 400 V Console w/25' PT-27 Torch
P/N 36883 - 230 V CE Console w/25' PT-27 Torch
F15-605-D
12 / 2005
Be sure this information reaches the operator.
You can get extra copies through your supplier.
caution
These INSTRUCTIONS are for experienced operators. If you are not fully familiar with the
principles of operation and safe practices for arc welding and cutting equipment, we urge
you to read our booklet, “Precautions and Safe Practices for Arc Welding, Cutting, and
Gouging,” Form 52-529. Do NOT permit untrained persons to install, operate, or maintain
this equipment. Do NOT attempt to install or operate this equipment until you have read
and fully understand these instructions. If you do not fully understand these instructions,
contact your supplier for further information. Be sure to read the Safety Precautions be­
fore installing or operating this equipment.
USER RESPONSIBILITY
This equipment will perform in conformity with the description thereof contained in this manual and accompa­
nying labels and/or inserts when installed, operated, maintained and repaired in accordance with the instruc­
tions provided. This equipment must be checked periodically. Malfunctioning or poorly maintained equipment
should not be used. Parts that are broken, missing, worn, distorted or contaminated should be replaced imme­
diately. Should such repair or replacement become necessary, the manufacturer recommends that a telephone
or written request for service advice be made to the Authorized Distributor from whom it was purchased.
This equipment or any of its parts should not be altered without the prior written approval of the manufacturer.
The user of this equipment shall have the sole responsibility for any malfunction which results from improper
use, faulty maintenance, damage, improper repair or alteration by anyone other than the manufacturer or a ser­
vice facility designated by the manufacturer.
READ AND UNDERSTAND THE INSTRUCTION MANUAL BEFORE INSTALLING OR OPERATING.
PROTECT YOURSELF AND OTHERS!
table of contents
Section / Title
Page
1.0 Safety Precautions............................................................................................................................................................................................. 5
1.1 Safety - English....................................................................................................................................................................................... 5
1.2 Safety - Spanish...................................................................................................................................................................................... 9
1.3 Safety - French........................................................................................................................................................................................ 13
2.0 Description........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 17
2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 17
2.2 Scope......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 17
2.3 Packages Available................................................................................................................................................................................ 17
2.4 Specifications.......................................................................................................................................................................................... 18
2.5 Optional Accessories............................................................................................................................................................................ 18
3.0 Installation............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 21
3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 21
3.2 Equipment Required............................................................................................................................................................................ 21
3.3 Location.................................................................................................................................................................................................... 21
3.4 Inspection................................................................................................................................................................................................ 21
3.5 Primary Electrical Input Connections............................................................................................................................................. 21
3.6 Secondary Output Connections...................................................................................................................................................... 22
3.7 Connecting PCM-875 for 200(208)Vac Input............................................................................................................................... 24
3.8 Mechanized Cutting Installation with the PT-20AM Torch..................................................................................................... 25
4.0 Operation.............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 27
4.1 Operation................................................................................................................................................................................................. 27
4.2 PCM-875 Controls.................................................................................................................................................................................. 27
4.3 Cutting with the PT-27......................................................................................................................................................................... 27
4.4 Common Cutting Problems............................................................................................................................................................... 29
5.0 Maintenance......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 31
5.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 31
5.2 Inspection and Cleaning..................................................................................................................................................................... 31
5.3 PT-27 Torch Consumable Parts......................................................................................................................................................... 31
5.4 Flow Switch.............................................................................................................................................................................................. 32
5.5 IGBT Handling and Replacement..................................................................................................................................................... 32
5.6 Troubleshooting.................................................................................................................................................................................... 33
5.7 Troubleshooting Guide....................................................................................................................................................................... 34
5.8 Reference Voltage Checks.................................................................................................................................................................. 38
5.9 Sequence of Operation....................................................................................................................................................................... 39
6.0 Replacement Parts............................................................................................................................................................................................. 41
6.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 41
6.2 Ordering................................................................................................................................................................................................... 41
table of contents
section 1safety precautions
1.0
Safety Precautions
1.1
WARNING: These Safety Precautions are
for your protection. They summarize precautionary information from the references
listed in Additional Safety Information section. Before performing any installation or operating
procedures, be sure to read and follow the safety
precautions listed below as well as all other manuals,
material safety data sheets, labels, etc. Failure to observe
Safety Precautions can result in injury or death.
Safety - English
FIRES AND EXPLOSIONS -- Heat from
flames and arcs can start fires. Hot
slag or sparks can also cause fires and
explosions. Therefore:
1. Remove all combustible materials well away from
the work area or cover the materials with a protective non-flammable covering. Combustible materials
include wood, cloth, sawdust, liquid and gas fuels,
solvents, paints and coatings, paper, etc.
2. Hot sparks or hot metal can fall through cracks or
crevices in floors or wall openings and cause a hidden smoldering fire or fires on the floor below. Make
certain that such openings are protected from hot
sparks and metal.“
3. Do not weld, cut or perform other hot work until the
workpiece has been completely cleaned so that there
are no substances on the workpiece which might
produce flammable or toxic vapors. Do not do hot
work on closed containers. They may explode.
4. Have fire extinguishing equipment handy for instant
use, such as a garden hose, water pail, sand bucket,
or portable fire extinguisher. Be sure you are trained
in its use.
5. Do not use equipment beyond its ratings. For example, overloaded welding cable can overheat and
create a fire hazard.
6. After completing operations, inspect the work area
to make certain there are no hot sparks or hot metal
which could cause a later fire. Use fire watchers when
necessary.
7. For additional information, refer to NFPA Standard
51B, "Fire Prevention in Use of Cutting and Welding
Processes", available from the National Fire Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA
02269.
PROTECT YOURSELF AND OTHERS -Some welding, cutting, and gouging
processes are noisy and require ear
protection. The arc, like the sun, emits
ultraviolet (UV) and other radiation
and can injure skin and eyes. Hot metal can cause
burns. Training in the proper use of the processes
and equipment is essential to prevent accidents.
Therefore:
1. Always wear safety glasses with side shields in any
work area, even if welding helmets, face shields, and
goggles are also required.
2. Use a face shield fitted with the correct filter and
cover plates to protect your eyes, face, neck, and
ears from sparks and rays of the arc when operating or observing operations. Warn bystanders not
to watch the arc and not to expose themselves to
the rays of the electric-arc or hot metal.
3. Wear flameproof gauntlet type gloves, heavy longsleeve shirt, cuffless trousers, high-topped shoes,
and a welding helmet or cap for hair protection, to
protect against arc rays and hot sparks or hot metal.
A flameproof apron may also be desirable as protection against radiated heat and sparks.
4. Hot sparks or metal can lodge in rolled up sleeves,
trouser cuffs, or pockets. Sleeves and collars should
be kept buttoned, and open pockets eliminated from
the front of clothing.
5. Protect other personnel from arc rays and hot
sparks with a suitable non-flammable partition or
curtains.
6. Use goggles over safety glasses when chipping slag
or grinding. Chipped slag may be hot and can fly far.
Bystanders should also wear goggles over safety
glasses.
ELECTRICAL SHOCK -- Contact with
live electrical parts and ground can
cause severe injury or death. DO NOT
use AC welding current in damp areas,
if movement is confined, or if there is
danger of falling.
section 1safety precautions
1. Be sure the power source frame (chassis) is connected to the ground system of the input power.
3. Welders should use the following procedures to
minimize exposure to EMF:
2. Connect the workpiece to a good electrical
ground.
A.Route the electrode and work cables together.
Secure them with tape when possible.
3. Connect the work cable to the workpiece. A poor
or missing connection can expose you or others
to a fatal shock.
B. Never coil the torch or work cable around your
body.
C.Do not place your body between the torch and
work cables. Route cables on the same side of
your body.
4. Use well-maintained equipment. Replace worn or
damaged cables.
5. Keep everything dry, including clothing, work
area, cables, torch/electrode holder, and power
source.
D.Connect the work cable to the workpiece as close
as possible to the area being welded.
E. Keep welding power source and cables as far
away from your body as possible.
6. Make sure that all parts of your body are insulated
from work and from ground.
7. Do not stand directly on metal or the earth while
working in tight quarters or a damp area; stand
on dry boards or an insulating platform and wear
rubber-soled shoes.
FUMES AND GASES -- Fumes and
gases, can cause discomfort or harm,
particularly in confined spaces. Do
not breathe fumes and gases. Shielding gases can cause asphyxiation.
8. Put on dry, hole-free gloves before turning on the
power.
Therefore:
9. Turn off the power before removing your gloves.
1. Always provide adequate ventilation in the work area
by natural or mechanical means. Do not weld, cut, or
gouge on materials such as galvanized steel, stainless steel, copper, zinc, lead, beryllium, or cadmium
unless positive mechanical ventilation is provided.
Do not breathe fumes from these materials.
10. Refer to ANSI/ASC Standard Z49.1 (listed on
next page) for specific grounding recommendations. Do not mistake the work lead for a ground
cable.
2. Do not operate near degreasing and spraying operations. The heat or arc rays can react with chlorinated
hydrocarbon vapors to form phosgene, a highly
toxic gas, and other irritant gases.
ELECTRIC AND MAGNETIC FIELDS
— May be dangerous. Electric current flowing through any conductor causes localized Electric and
Magnetic Fields (EMF). Welding and
cutting current creates EMF around welding cables
and welding machines. Therefore:
3. If you develop momentary eye, nose, or throat irritation while operating, this is an indication that
ventilation is not adequate. Stop work and take
necessary steps to improve ventilation in the work
area. Do not continue to operate if physical discomfort persists.
1. Welders having pacemakers should consult their
physician before welding. EMF may interfere with
some pacemakers.
4. Refer to ANSI/ASC Standard Z49.1 (see listing below)
for specific ventilation recommendations.
2. Exposure to EMF may have other health effects which
are unknown.
section 1safety precautions
5.WARNING: This product, when used for welding
or cutting, produces fumes or gases
which contain chemicals known to
the State of California to cause birth
defects and, in some cases, cancer.
(California Health & Safety Code
§25249.5 et seq.)
1. Always have qualified personnel perform the installation, troubleshooting, and maintenance work.
Do not perform any electrical work unless you are
qualified to perform such work.
2. Before performing any maintenance work inside a
power source, disconnect the power source from
the incoming electrical power.
3. Maintain cables, grounding wire, connections, power
cord, and power supply in safe working order. Do
not operate any equipment in faulty condition.
CYLINDER HANDLING -- Cylinders,
if mishandled, can rupture and violently release gas. Sudden rupture
of cylinder, valve, or relief device can
injure or kill. Therefore:
4. Do not abuse any equipment or accessories. Keep
equipment away from heat sources such as furnaces,
wet conditions such as water puddles, oil or grease,
corrosive atmospheres and inclement weather.
1. Use the proper gas for the process and use the
proper pressure reducing regulator designed to
operate from the compressed gas cylinder. Do not
use adaptors. Maintain hoses and fittings in good
condition. Follow manufacturer's operating instructions for mounting regulator to a compressed gas
cylinder.
5. Keep all safety devices and cabinet covers in position
and in good repair.
6. Use equipment only for its intended purpose. Do
not modify it in any manner.
2. Always secure cylinders in an upright position by
chain or strap to suitable hand trucks, undercarriages, benches, walls, post, or racks. Never secure
cylinders to work tables or fixtures where they may
become part of an electrical circuit.
ADDITIONAL SAFETY INFORMATION -- For
more information on safe practices for
electric arc welding and cutting equipment, ask your supplier for a copy of
"Precautions and Safe Practices for Arc
Welding, Cutting and Gouging", Form
52-529.
3. When not in use, keep cylinder valves closed. Have
valve protection cap in place if regulator is not connected. Secure and move cylinders by using suitable
hand trucks. Avoid rough handling of cylinders.
4. Locate cylinders away from heat, sparks, and flames.
Never strike an arc on a cylinder.
The following publications, which are available from
the American Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJuene Road,
Miami, FL 33126, are recommended to you:
5. For additional information, refer to CGA Standard P-1,
"Precautions for Safe Handling of Compressed Gases
in Cylinders", which is available from Compressed
Gas Association, 1235 Jefferson Davis Highway,
Arlington, VA 22202.
1. ANSI/ASC Z49.1 - "Safety in Welding and Cutting"
2. AWS C5.1 - "Recommended Practices for Plasma Arc
Welding"
3. AWS C5.2 - "Recommended Practices for Plasma Arc
Cutting"
EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE -- Faulty or
improperly maintained equipment can
cause injury or death. Therefore:
4. AWS C5.3 - "Recommended Practices for Air Carbon
Arc Gouging and Cutting"
section 1safety precautions
5. AWS C5.5 - "Recommended Practices for Gas Tungsten Arc Welding“
6. AWS C5.6 - "Recommended Practices for Gas Metal
Arc Welding"“
7. AWS SP - "Safe Practices" - Reprint, Welding Handbook.
8. ANSI/AWS F4.1, "Recommended Safe Practices for
Welding and Cutting of Containers That Have Held
Hazardous Substances."
Meaning of symbols - As used
throughout this manual: Means Attention! Be Alert! Your safety is involved.
Means immediate hazards which,
if not avoided, will result in immediate, serious personal injury
or loss of life.
Means potential hazards which
could result in personal injury or
loss of life.
Means hazards which could result
in minor personal injury.
section 1sEGURIDAD
1.2
Safety - Spanish
La escoria puede estar caliente y desprenderse con
velocidad. Personas cercanas deberán usar gafas
de seguridad y careta protectora.
ADVERTENCIA: Estas Precauciones de Seguridad son para su protección. Ellas hacen
resumen de información proveniente de las
referencias listadas en la sección "Información Adicional Sobre La Seguridad". Antes de hacer cualquier
instalación o procedimiento de operación , asegúrese
de leer y seguir las precauciones de seguridad listadas
a continuación así como también todo manual, hoja
de datos de seguridad del material, calcomanias, etc.
El no observar las Precauciones de Seguridad puede
resultar en daño a la persona o muerte.
FUEGO Y EXPLOSIONES -- El calor de
las flamas y el arco pueden ocacionar
fuegos. Escoria caliente y las chispas
pueden causar fuegos y explosiones.
Por lo tanto:
1. Remueva todo material combustible lejos del área
de trabajo o cubra los materiales con una cobija a
prueba de fuego. Materiales combustibles incluyen
madera, ropa, líquidos y gases flamables, solventes,
pinturas, papel, etc.
2. Chispas y partículas de metal pueden introducirse en
las grietas y agujeros de pisos y paredes causando
fuegos escondidos en otros niveles o espacios.
Asegúrese de que toda grieta y agujero esté cubierto
para proteger lugares adyacentes contra fuegos.
3. No corte, suelde o haga cualquier otro trabajo
relacionado hasta que la pieza de trabajo esté totalmente limpia y libre de substancias que puedan
producir gases inflamables o vapores tóxicos. No
trabaje dentro o fuera de contenedores o tanques
cerrados. Estos pueden explotar si contienen vapores
inflamables.
4. Tenga siempre a la mano equipo extintor de fuego
para uso instantáneo, como por ejemplo una
manguera con agua, cubeta con agua, cubeta con
arena, o extintor portátil. Asegúrese que usted esta
entrenado para su uso.
5. No use el equipo fuera de su rango de operación. Por
ejemplo, el calor causado por cable sobrecarga en
los cables de soldar pueden ocasionar un fuego.
6. Después de termirar la operación del equipo, inspeccione el área de trabajo para cerciorarse de que las
chispas o metal caliente ocasionen un fuego más
tarde. Tenga personal asignado para vigilar si es
necesario.
7. Para información adicional , haga referencia a la
publicación NFPA Standard 51B, "Fire Prevention in
Use of Cutting and Welding Processes", disponible
a través de la National Fire Protection Association,
Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269.
PROTEJASE USTED Y A LOS DEMAS-Algunos procesos de soldadura, corte
y ranurado son ruidosos y requiren
protección para los oídos. El arco,
como el sol , emite rayos ultravioleta
(UV) y otras radiaciones que pueden dañar la piel
y los ojos. El metal caliente causa quemaduras. EL
entrenamiento en el uso propio de los equipos y
sus procesos es esencial para prevenir accidentes.
Por lo tanto:
1. Utilice gafas de seguridad con protección a los lados
siempre que esté en el área de trabajo, aún cuando
esté usando careta de soldar, protector para su cara
u otro tipo de protección.
2. Use una careta que tenga el filtro correcto y lente
para proteger sus ojos, cara, cuello, y oídos de las
chispas y rayos del arco cuando se esté operando y
observando las operaciones. Alerte a todas las personas cercanas de no mirar el arco y no exponerse
a los rayos del arco eléctrico o el metal fundido.
3. Use guantes de cuero a prueba de fuego, camisa
pesada de mangas largas, pantalón de ruedo liso,
zapato alto al tobillo, y careta de soldar con capucha
para el pelo, para proteger el cuerpo de los rayos y
chispas calientes provenientes del metal fundido.
En ocaciones un delantal a prueba de fuego es
necesario para protegerse del calor radiado y las
chispas.
4. Chispas y partículas de metal caliente puede alojarse
en las mangas enrolladas de la camisa , el ruedo del
pantalón o los bolsillos. Mangas y cuellos deberán
mantenerse abotonados, bolsillos al frente de la
camisa deberán ser cerrados o eliminados.
5. Proteja a otras personas de los rayos del arco y chispas calientes con una cortina adecuada no-flamable
como división.
6. Use careta protectora además de sus gafas de seguridad cuando esté removiendo escoria o puliendo.
CHOQUE ELECTRICO -- El contacto
con las partes eléctricas energizadas
y tierra puede causar daño severo o
muerte. NO use soldadura de corriente alterna (AC) en áreas húmedas,
de movimiento confinado en lugares estrechos o
si hay posibilidad de caer al suelo.
section 1sEGURIDAD
1. Asegúrese de que el chasis de la fuente de poder
esté conectado a tierra através del sistema de
electricidad primario.
2. Conecte la pieza de trabajo a un buen sistema de
tierra física.
3. Conecte el cable de retorno a la pieza de trabajo.
Cables y conductores expuestos o con malas
conexiones pueden exponer al operador u otras
personas a un choque eléctrico fatal.
4. Use el equipo solamente si está en buenas condiciones. Reemplaze cables rotos, dañados o con
conductores expuestos.
5. Mantenga todo seco, incluyendo su ropa, el área de
trabajo, los cables, antorchas, pinza del electrodo,
y la fuente de poder.
6. Asegúrese que todas las partes de su cuerpo están
insuladas de ambos, la pieza de trabajo y tierra.
7. No se pare directamente sobre metal o tierra mientras trabaja en lugares estrechos o áreas húmedas;
trabaje sobre un pedazo de madera seco o una
plataforma insulada y use zapatos con suela de
goma.
8. Use guantes secos y sin agujeros antes de energizar
el equipo.
9. Apage el equipo antes de quitarse sus guantes.
10. Use como referencia la publicación ANSI/ASC
Standard Z49.1 (listado en la próxima página) para
recomendaciones específicas de como conectar el
equipo a tierra. No confunda el cable de soldar a
la pieza de trabajo con el cable a tierra.
3.Los soldadores deberán usar los siguientes procedimientos para minimizar exponerse al EMF:
A.Mantenga el electrodo y el cable a la pieza de
trabajo juntos, hasta llegar a la pieza que usted
quiere soldar. Asegúrelos uno junto al otro con
cinta adhesiva cuando sea posible.
B. Nunca envuelva los cables de soldar alrededor
de su cuerpo.
C.Nunca ubique su cuerpo entre la antorcha y el
cable, a la pieza de trabajo. Mantega los cables a
un sólo lado de su cuerpo.
D.Conecte el cable de trabajo a la pieza de trabajo
lo más cercano posible al área de la soldadura.
E. Mantenga la fuente de poder y los cables de soldar
lo más lejos posible de su cuerpo.
HUMO Y GASES -- El humo y los
gases, pueden causar malestar o
daño, particularmente en espacios
sin ventilación. No inhale el humo
o gases. El gas de protección puede
causar falta de oxígeno. Por lo tanto:
1. Siempre provea ventilación adecuada en el área
de trabajo por medio natural o mecánico. No solde,
corte, o ranure materiales con hierro galvanizado,
acero inoxidable, cobre, zinc, plomo, berílio, o cadmio a menos que provea ventilación mecánica
positiva . No respire los gases producidos por
estos materiales.
2. No opere cerca de lugares donde se aplique substancias químicas en aerosol. El calor de los rayos
del arco pueden reaccionar con los vapores de
hidrocarburo clorinado para formar un fosfógeno,
o gas tóxico, y otros irritant es.
3. Si momentáneamente desarrolla inrritación de
ojos, nariz o garganta mientras est á operando, es
indicación de que la ventilación no es apropiada.
Pare de trabajar y tome las medidas necesarias
para mejorar la ventilación en el área de trabajo.
No continúe operando si el malestar físico persiste.
4. Haga referencia a la publicación ANSI/ASC Standard
Z49.1 (Vea la lista a continuación) para recomendaciones específicas en la ventilación.
CAMPOS ELECTRICOS Y MAGNETICOS - Son peligrosos. La corriente
eléctrica fluye através de cualquier
conductor causando a nivel local
Campos Eléctricos y Magnéticos
(EMF). Las corrientes en el área de corte y soldadura,
crean EMF alrrededor de los cables de soldar y las
maquinas. Por lo tanto:
1. Soldadores u Operadores que use marca-pasos para
el corazón deberán consultar a su médico antes de
soldar. El Campo Electromagnético (EMF) puede
interferir con algunos marca-pasos.
2.Exponerse a campos electromagnéticos (EMF) puede
causar otros efectos de salud aún desconocidos.
10
section 1sEGURIDAD
5.ADVERTENCIA-- Este producto cuando se utiliza para soldaduras o cortes,
produce humos o gases, los
cuales contienen químicos conocidos por el Estado de California de causar defectos en el
nacimiento, o en algunos casos,
Cancer. (California Health &
Safety Code §25249.5 et seq.)
1. Siempre tenga personal cualificado para efectuar l a instalación, diagnóstico, y mantenimiento
del equipo. No ejecute ningún trabajo eléctrico a
menos que usted esté cualificado para hacer el
trabajo.
2. Antes de dar mantenimiento en el interior de la
fuente de poder, desconecte la fuente de poder
del suministro de electricidad primaria.
3. Mantenga los cables, cable a tierra, conexciones,
cable primario, y cualquier otra fuente de poder
en buen estado operacional. No opere ningún
equipo en malas condiciones.
4. No abuse del equipo y sus accesorios. Mantenga
el equipo lejos de cosas que generen calor como
hornos, también lugares húmedos como charcos
de agua , aceite o grasa, atmósferas corrosivas y
las inclemencias del tiempo.
5. Mantenga todos los artículos de seguridad y
coverturas del equipo en su posición y en buenas
condiciones.
6. Use el equipo sólo para el propósito que fue
diseñado. No modifique el equipo en ninguna
manera.
MANEJO DE CILINDROS-- Los
cilindros, si no son manejados
correctamente, pueden romperse y liberar violentamente
gases. Rotura repentina del
cilindro, válvula, o válvula de
escape puede causar daño o
muerte. Por lo tanto:
1. Utilize el gas apropiado para el proceso y utilize
un regulador diseñado para operar y reducir la
presión del cilindro de gas . No utilice adaptadores. Mantenga las mangueras y las conexiones
en buenas condiciones. Observe las instrucciones
de operación del manufacturero para montar el
regulador en el cilindro de gas comprimido.
INFORMACION ADICIONAL DE SEGURIDAD -- Para más información sobre las
prácticas de seguridad de los equipos de
arco eléctrico para soldar y cortar, pregunte
a su suplidor por una copia de "Precautions
and Safe Practices for Arc Welding, Cutting
and Gouging-Form 52-529.
2. Asegure siempre los cilindros en posición vertical
y amárrelos con una correa o cadena adecuada
para asegurar el cilindro al carro, transportes, tablilleros, paredes, postes, o armazón. Nunca asegure
los cilindros a la mesa de trabajo o las piezas que
son parte del circuito de soldadura . Este puede ser
parte del circuito elélectrico.
Las siguientes publicaciones, disponibles através de
la American Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJuene Road,
Miami, FL 33126, son recomendadas para usted:
3. Cuando el cilindro no está en uso, mantenga la
válvula del cilindro cerrada. Ponga el capote de
protección sobre la válvula si el regulador no
está conectado. Asegure y mueva los cilindros
utilizando un carro o transporte adecuado. Evite
el manejo brusco de los
1. ANSI/ASC Z49.1 - "Safety in Welding and Cutting"
2. AWS C5.1 - "Recommended Practices for Plasma Arc
Welding"
MANTENIMIENTO DEL EQUIPO -- Equipo
defectuoso o mal mantenido puede causar daño o muerte. Por lo tanto:
3. AWS C5.2 - "Recommended Practices for Plasma Arc
Cutting"
4. AWS C5.3 - "Recommended Practices for Air Carbon
Arc Gouging and Cutting"
11
section 1sEGURIDAD
SIGNIFICADO DE LOS sImbolOs
-- Según usted avanza en la lectura
de este folleto: Los Símbolos Significan ¡Atención! ¡Esté Alerta! Se
trata de su seguridad.
Significa riesgo inmediato que,
de no ser evadido, puede resultar
inmediatamente en serio daño
personal o la muerte.
Significa el riesgo de un peligro
potencial que puede resultar en
serio daño personal o la muerte.
Significa el posible riesgo que
puede resultar en menores daños
a la persona.
12
section 1sÉCURITÉ
1.3
Safety - French
INCENDIES ET EXPLOSIONS -- La
chaleur provenant des flammes ou de
l'arc peut provoquer un incendie. Le
laitier incandescent ou les étincelles
peuvent également provoquer un
incendie ou une explosion. Par conséquent :
AVERTISSEMENT : Ces règles de sécurité
ont pour but d'assurer votre protection. Ils
récapitulent les informations de précaution
provenant des références dans la section
des Informations de sécurité supplémentaires. Avant de
procéder à l'installation ou d'utiliser l'unité, assurez-vous
de lire et de suivre les précautions de sécurité ci-dessous, dans les manuels, les fiches d'information sur la
sécurité du matériel et sur les étiquettes, etc. Tout défaut
d'observer ces précautions de sécurité peut entraîner
des blessures graves ou mortelles.
1. Éloignez suffisamment tous les matériaux combustibles de l'aire de travail et recouvrez les matériaux
avec un revêtement protecteur ininflammable. Les
matériaux combustibles incluent le bois, les vêtements, la sciure, le gaz et les liquides combustibles,
les solvants, les peintures et les revêtements, le
papier, etc.
2. Les étincelles et les projections de métal incandescent peuvent tomber dans les fissures dans
les planchers ou dans les ouvertures des murs et
déclencher un incendie couvant à l'étage inférieur
Assurez-vous que ces ouvertures sont bien protégées
des étincelles et du métal incandescent.
3. N'exécutez pas de soudure, de coupe ou autre travail à chaud avant d'avoir complètement nettoyé la
surface de la pièce à traiter de façon à ce qu'il n'ait
aucune substance présente qui pourrait produire
des vapeurs inflammables ou toxiques. N'exécutez
pas de travail à chaud sur des contenants fermés
car ces derniers pourraient exploser.
4. Assurez-vous qu'un équipement d'extinction
d'incendie est disponible et prêt à servir, tel qu'un
tuyau d'arrosage, un seau d'eau, un seau de sable
ou un extincteur portatif. Assurez-vous d'être bien
instruit par rapport à l'usage de cet équipement.
5. Assurez-vous de ne pas excéder la capacité de
l'équipement. Par exemple, un câble de soudage
surchargé peut surchauffer et provoquer un incendie.
6. Une fois les opérations terminées, inspectez l'aire de
travail pour assurer qu'aucune étincelle ou projection de métal incandescent ne risque de provoquer
un incendie ultérieurement. Employez des guetteurs
d'incendie au besoin.
7. Pour obtenir des informations supplémentaires,
consultez le NFPA Standard 51B, "Fire Prevention in
Use of Cutting and Welding Processes", disponible au
National Fire Protection Association, Batterymarch
Park, Quincy, MA 02269.
PROTÉGEZ-VOUS -- Les processus de
soudage, de coupage et de gougeage
produisent un niveau de bruit élevé et
exige l'emploi d'une protection auditive. L'arc, tout
comme le soleil, émet des rayons ultraviolets en plus
d'autre rayons qui peuvent causer des blessures à la
peau et les yeux. Le métal incandescent peut causer
des brûlures. Une formation reliée à l'usage des
processus et de l'équipement est essentielle pour
prévenir les accidents. Par conséquent:
1. Portez des lunettes protectrices munies d'écrans latéraux lorsque vous êtes dans l'aire de travail, même
si vous devez porter un casque de soudeur, un écran
facial ou des lunettes étanches.
2. Portez un écran facial muni de verres filtrants et de
plaques protectrices appropriées afin de protéger
vos yeux, votre visage, votre cou et vos oreilles des
étincelles et des rayons de l'arc lors d'une opération
ou lorsque vous observez une opération. Avertissez
les personnes se trouvant à proximité de ne pas regarder l'arc et de ne pas s'exposer aux rayons de l'arc
électrique ou le métal incandescent.
3. Portez des gants ignifugiés à crispin, une chemise
épaisse à manches longues, des pantalons sans
rebord et des chaussures montantes afin de vous
protéger des rayons de l'arc, des étincelles et du métal
incandescent, en plus d'un casque de soudeur ou
casquette pour protéger vos cheveux. Il est également
recommandé de porter un tablier ininflammable afin
de vous protéger des étincelles et de la chaleur par
rayonnement.
4. Les étincelles et les projections de métal incandescent
risquent de se loger dans les manches retroussées,
les rebords de pantalons ou les poches. Il est recommandé de garder boutonnés le col et les manches et
de porter des vêtements sans poches en avant.
5. Protégez toute personne se trouvant à proximité des
étincelles et des rayons de l'arc à l'aide d'un rideau ou
d'une cloison ininflammable.
6. Portez des lunettes étanches par dessus vos lunettes
de sécurité lors des opérations d'écaillage ou de
meulage du laitier. Les écailles de laitier incandescent
peuvent être projetées à des distances considérables.
Les personnes se trouvant à proximité doivent également porter des lunettes étanches par dessus leur
lunettes de sécurité.
CHOC ÉLECTRIQUE -- Le contact avec
des pièces électriques ou les pièces
de mise à la terre sous tension peut
causer des blessures graves ou mortelles. NE PAS utiliser un courant de
soudage c.a. dans un endroit humide, en espace
restreint ou si un danger de chute se pose.
13
section 1sÉCURITÉ
1. Assurez-vous que le châssis de la source
d'alimentation est branché au système de mise à
la terre de l'alimentation d'entrée.
2. Branchez la pièce à traiter à une bonne mise de
terre électrique.
3. Branchez le câble de masse à la pièce à traiter et
assurez une bonne connexion afin d'éviter le risque
de choc électrique mortel.
4. Utilisez toujours un équipement correctement
entretenu. Remplacez les câbles usés ou endommagés. 5. Veillez à garder votre environnement sec, incluant
les vêtements, l'aire de travail, les câbles, le porteélectrode/torche et la source d'alimentation.
6. Assurez-vous que tout votre corps est bien isolé
de la pièce à traiter et des pièces de la mise à la
terre.
7. Si vous devez effectuer votre travail dans un espace
restreint ou humide, ne tenez vous pas directement sur le métal ou sur la terre; tenez-vous sur
des planches sèches ou une plate-forme isolée et
portez des chaussures à semelles de caoutchouc.
8. Avant de mettre l'équipement sous tension, isolez
vos mains avec des gants secs et sans trous.
9. Mettez l'équipement hors tension avant d'enlever
vos gants.
10. Consultez ANSI/ASC Standard Z49.1 (listé à
la page suivante) pour des recommandations
spécifiques concernant les procédures de mise à
la terre. Ne pas confondre le câble de masse avec
le câble de mise à la terre.
3. Les soudeurs doivent suivre les procédures suivantes
pour minimiser l'exposition aux champs électriques
et magnétiques :
A.Acheminez l'électrode et les câbles de masse
ensemble. Fixez-les à l'aide d'une bande adhésive
lorsque possible.
B. Ne jamais enrouler la torche ou le câble de masse
autour de votre corps.
C.Ne jamais vous placer entre la torche et les câbles
de masse. Acheminez tous les câbles sur le même
côté de votre corps.
D.Branchez le câble de masse à la pièce à traiter le
plus près possible de la section à souder.
E. Veillez à garder la source d'alimentation pour le
soudage et les câbles à une distance appropriée
de votre corps.
LES VAPEURS ET LES GAZ -- peuvent
causer un malaise ou des dommages
corporels, plus particulièrement
dans les espaces restreints. Ne respirez pas les vapeurs et les gaz. Le
gaz de protection risque de causer
l'asphyxie. Par conséquent :
1. Assurez en permanence une ventilation adéquate
dans l'aire de travail en maintenant une ventilation naturelle ou à l'aide de moyens mécanique.
N'effectuez jamais de travaux de soudage, de coupage ou de gougeage sur des matériaux tels que
l'acier galvanisé, l'acier inoxydable, le cuivre, le zinc,
le plomb, le berylliym ou le cadmium en l'absence
de moyens mécaniques de ventilation efficaces. Ne
respirez pas les vapeurs de ces matériaux.
2. N'effectuez jamais de travaux à proximité d'une
opération de dégraissage ou de pulvérisation.
Lorsque la chaleur
ou le rayonnement de l'arc entre en contact avec les
vapeurs d'hydrocarbure chloré, ceci peut déclencher
la formation de phosgène ou d'autres gaz irritants,
tous extrêmement toxiques.
3. Une irritation momentanée des yeux, du nez ou de la
gorge au cours d'une opération indique que la ventilation n'est pas adéquate. Cessez votre travail afin
de prendre les mesures nécessaires pour améliorer
la ventilation dans l'aire de travail. Ne poursuivez
pas l'opération si le malaise persiste.
4. Consultez ANSI/ASC Standard Z49.1 (à la page
suivante) pour des recommandations spécifiques
concernant la ventilation.
CHAMPS ÉLECTRIQUES ET MAGNÉTIQUES — comportent un risque
de danger. Le courant électrique
qui passe dans n'importe quel conducteur produit des champs électriques et magnétiques localisés. Le soudage et le
courant de coupage créent des champs électriques
et magnétiques autour des câbles de soudage et
l'équipement. Par conséquent :
1. Un soudeur ayant un stimulateur cardiaque doit
consulter son médecin avant d'entreprendre une
opération de soudage. Les champs électriques et
magnétiques peuvent causer des ennuis pour certains stimulateurs cardiaques.
2. L'exposition à des champs électriques et magnétiques peut avoir des effets néfastes inconnus pour
la santé.
14
section 1sÉCURITÉ
5.AVERTISSEMENT : Ce produit, lorsqu'il est utilisé
dans une opération de soudage ou de
coupage, dégage des vapeurs ou des
gaz contenant des chimiques considéres par l'état de la Californie comme
étant une cause des malformations
congénitales et dans certains cas, du
cancer. (California Health & Safety
Code §25249.5 et seq.)
ENTRETIEN DE L'ÉQUIPEMENT -- Un équipement entretenu de façon défectueuse ou
inadéquate peut causer des blessures
graves ou mortelles. Par conséquent :
1. Efforcez-vous de toujours confier les tâches
d'installation, de dépannage et d'entretien à un
personnel qualifié. N'effectuez aucune réparation
électrique à moins d'être qualifié à cet effet.
2. Avant de procéder à une tâche d'entretien à
l'intérieur de la source d'alimentation, débranchez
l'alimentation électrique.
3. Maintenez les câbles, les fils de mise à la terre, les
branchements, le cordon d'alimentation et la source
d'alimentation en bon état. N'utilisez jamais un
équipement s'il présente une défectuosité quelconque.
4. N'utilisez pas l'équipement de façon abusive. Gardez
l'équipement à l'écart de toute source de chaleur,
notamment des fours, de l'humidité, des flaques
d'eau, de l'huile ou de la graisse, des atmosphères
corrosives et des intempéries.
5. Laissez en place tous les dispositifs de sécurité et
tous les panneaux de la console et maintenez-les
en bon état.
6. Utilisez l'équipement conformément à son usage
prévu et n'effectuez aucune modification.
MANIPULATION DES CYLINDRES -La manipulation d'un cylindre, sans
observer les précautions nécessaires,
peut produire des fissures et un
échappement dangereux des gaz.
Une brisure soudaine du cylindre, de la soupape ou
du dispositif de surpression peut causer des blessures graves ou mortelles. Par conséquent :
1. Utilisez toujours le gaz prévu pour une opération
et le détendeur approprié conçu pour utilisation
sur les cylindres de gaz comprimé. N'utilisez jamais
d'adaptateur. Maintenez en bon état les tuyaux et
les raccords. Observez les instructions d'opération
du fabricant pour assembler le détendeur sur un
cylindre de gaz comprimé.
2. Fixez les cylindres dans une position verticale, à
l'aide d'une chaîne ou une sangle, sur un chariot
manuel, un châssis de roulement, un banc, un mur,
une colonne ou un support convenable. Ne fixez
jamais un cylindre à un poste de travail ou toute autre
dispositif faisant partie d'un circuit électrique.
3. Lorsque les cylindres ne servent pas, gardez les
soupapes fermées. Si le détendeur n'est pas branché, assurez-vous que le bouchon de protection de
la soupape est bien en place. Fixez et déplacez les
cylindres à l'aide d'un chariot manuel approprié.
Toujours manipuler les cylindres avec soin.
4. Placez les cylindres à une distance appropriée
de toute source de chaleur, des étincelles et des
flammes. Ne jamais amorcer l'arc sur un cylindre.
5. Pour de l'information supplémentaire, consultez
CGA Standard P-1, "Precautions for Safe Handling
of Compressed Gases in Cylinders", mis à votre disposition par le Compressed Gas Association, 1235
Jefferson Davis Highway, Arlington, VA 22202.
INFORMATIONS SUPPLÉMENTAIRES RELATIVES À LA SÉCURITÉ -- Pour obtenir de
l'information supplémentaire sur les règles
de sécurité à observer pour l'équipement
de soudage à l'arc électrique et le coupage,
demandez un exemplaire du livret "Precautions and Safe Practices for Arc Welding,
Cutting and Gouging", Form 52-529.
Les publications suivantes sont également recommandées et mises à votre disposition par l'American Welding
Society, 550 N.W. LeJuene Road, Miami, FL 33126 :
1. ANSI/ASC Z49.1 - "Safety in Welding and Cutting"
2. AWS C5.1 - "Recommended Practices for Plasma Arc
Welding"
3. AWS C5.2 - "Recommended Practices for Plasma Arc
Cutting"
4. AWS C5.3 - "Recommended Practices for Air Carbon
Arc Gouging and Cutting"
15
section 1sÉCURITÉ
SIGNIFICATION DES SYMBOLES
Ce symbole, utilisé partout dans ce manuel,
signifie "Attention" ! Soyez vigilant ! Votre
sécurité est en jeu.
DANGER
Signifie un danger immédiat. La situation peut
entraîner des blessures graves ou mortelles.
AVERTISSEMENT
Signifie un danger potentiel qui peut entraîner des
blessures graves ou mortelles.
ATTENTION
Signifie un danger qui peut entraîner des blessures
corporelles mineures.
16
section 2description
2.1 General
Depending on the choice of input power, each package
includes the following appropriate PCM-875 Console/Power
Source:
The PCM-875 is a compact, completely self-contained plasma
cutting system. As shipped, the system is fully assembled
and ready to cut after being connected to input power and a
source of compressed air (90-150 psi). The PCM-875 package
uses the heavy-duty PT-27 torch to deliver cutting power for
severing materials up to 1-1/4 inch thick. Refer to the following paragraphs for descriptions of the PCM-875 packages
available as well as performance specifications.
208/230 V, 50/60 Hz, 1 or 3-phase....................... P/N 0558001167
460 V, 50/60 Hz, 3-phase......................................... P/N 0558001169
575 V, 60 Hz, 3-phase................................................ P/N 0558001170
400 V, 50/60 Hz, 3-phase......................................... P/N 0558001171
230 V, 50/60 Hz, 3-phase CE................................... P/N 0558001172
2.3.2 Mechanized Cutting Packages
Also available are mechanized packages using the PT‑20AM
Mechanized Plasma Torch with the PCM‑875 Console/Power
Source. A typical package includes: PCM‑875 Console/
Power Source, PT‑20AM Torch (4.5 or 17 ft.), Remote Arc
Starter, Torch Spare Parts Kit, Pilot Arc Cable (50 or 100 ft.),
Power Cable (50 or 100 ft.), Gas Hose (50 or 100 ft.), Arc
Starter AC Power Cable (50 or 100 ft.) and a hose adaptor.
See Section 2.8 for installation details and part numbers
of components.
Use only ESAB Plasmarc torches that are designed for use
with this console. Use of torches not designed for use with
this console could create an ELECTRIC SHOCK HAZARD. Do
NOT use or modify the PT-23, PCT-80 or any other torch
for use on this console.
2.2 scope
The purpose of this manual is to provide the operator with all
the information required to install and operate the PCM-875
plasma arc cutting package. Technical reference material is also
provided to assist in troubleshooting the cutting package.
The following PCM‑875 Mechanized Packages are available:
875M, 230V/PT‑20AM, 4.5'/50’System ...........................P/N 37617
875M, 230V/PT‑20AM, 4.5'/100' System ........................P/N 37618
875M, 230V/PT‑20AM, 17'/50' System ...........................P/N 37619
875M, 230V/PT‑20AM, 17'/100' System .........................P/N 37620
875M, 460V/PT‑20AM, 4.5'/50’System ...........................P/N 37621
875M, 460V/PT‑20AM, 4.5'/100' System ........................P/N 37622
875M, 460V/PT‑20AM, 17'/50' System ...........................P/N 37623
875M, 460V/PT‑20AM, 17'/100' System .........................P/N 37624
2.3 Packages Available
2.3.1 Manual Cutting Packages
PCM-875 packages listed on the front cover includes the following components:
PT-27 Torch, 75° head, 25-ft................................................P/N 21661
PT-27 Spare Parts Kit (see Table 2-1)................................P/N 21623
PCM-875 Console/Power Source......................................See below
Table 2-1. PT-27 Spare Parts Kit, P/N 21623, Contents
Description
Part Number
50 - 60 A Nozzle
33369
Electrode
33366
Swirl Baffle
33367
Heat Shield
21616
Standoff Guide
21420
Fuse, 15 A, 600 VDC, Fast Acting
952137
17
Quantity
4
3
1
2
1
1
section 2description
2.4 Specifications
Table 2-2. PCM-875 Specifications
Rated
Output
60% Duty Cycle*
60 A @ 120 V dc
100% Duty Cycle*
50 A @ 120 V dc
Output Current Range
10 to 60 Amperes
Open Circuit Voltage
275 V dc
Rated Primary Input
@
7.2 kW Max. Output Power
60 A @ 120 Vdc
208/230 V ac, 50/60 Hz, 3-phase
26/24 A/phase
208/230 V ac, 50/60 Hz, 1-phase
55/49 A
400 V ac, 50/60 Hz, 3-phase
13 A/phase
460 V ac, 50/60 Hz, 3-phase
11 A/phase
575 V ac, 50/60 Hz, 3-phase
9 A/phase
Power Factor @ 60 Amperes Output
74% (208/230 V, 1-phase)
90% (208/230 V, 3-phase)
92% (400/460 & 575 V, 3-phase)
Efficiency @ 60 Amperes Output
90% Typical
Current Capacity
PT-27
80 A DCSP
Air Requirements
PT-27
320 cfh @ 65 - 75 psig
(150 l/min @ 4.5 - 5.2 bars)
Dimensions
Length
20.3” (516 mm)
Height
16.1” (409 mm)
w/handles
18.3” (465 mm)
Width
w/o opt. storage
10.1” (275 mm)
w/ opt. torch storage
13.1” (333 mm)
Weight of PCM-875 System
87 lbs (39.5 kg)
Shipping Weight
100 lbs (45.4 kg)
*Duty cycle is based on a 10-minute period; therefore, a 60-percent duty cycle means the power source may operate for 6 minutes with a cool
down period of 4 minutes and a 100-percent duty cycle means the power source may operate continuously.
2.5 OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES
1. Torch Wrap/Spare Parts Kit Holder, P/N 33952GY. Units have 4 mounting holes on left side for mounting this accessory
holder.
2. Wheel Cart, P/N 34324. This 5 7/8" high cart has front swivel casters and rear casters to make it easier to roll the PCM875 around the job site.
18
section 2description
7.3" (185 mm)
Table 2-3. PT-27 Torch Specifications
3" (76 mm)
Current Capacity (100% duty) 80 A DCSP
Length of Service Lines
25 ft or 50 ft
75°
Weight
25 ft
5.2 lbs (2.4 kg)
50 ft
9.6 lbs (4.4 kg)
1" (25.4 mm)
1"
(25.4 mm)
Figure 2-1. PT-27 Dimensions
120
CUTTING SPEED (IN. PER MIN.)
100
Steel
PT-27 Torch
Air @75psi
3/16" - 1/4" Stand-off
Maximum Current
80
60
Aluminum
40
Stainless
20
0
1/16 1/8 3/16 1/4
5/16 3/8
7/16 1/2
9/16 5/8 11/16 3/4 13/16 7/8
MATERIAL THICKNESS (IN.)
Figure 2-2. PT-27/PCM 875 Cutting Performance
Stand-Off vs. Power Output
9000
160
Maximum Output
8000
140
120
6000
IMPORTANT!!!
Maintain Proper
Stand-Off Distance
Power output
increases with
stand-off distance
5000
100
3/16 to 1/4 Inch
4000
80
60
3000
Best
Range
2000
40
20
1000
0
0
1/16
1/8
1/4
3/16
5/16
Stand-Off Distance (inches)
Figure 2-3. Standoff vs. Power Output
19
3/8
Arc Voltage
Watts (A x V = W)
7000
section 2description
20
section 3installation
3.1 General
3.5 Primary Electrical Input Connections (Figure 3-1)
Proper installation is important for satisfactory and troublefree operation of the PCM-875 cutting package. It is suggested that each step in this section be studied carefully
and followed closely.
ELECTRIC SHOCK CAN KILL! Precautionary measures
should be taken to provide maximum protection
against electrical shock. Be sure that all power is off
by opening the line (wall) disconnect switch and by
unplugging the power cord to the unit when connections are made inside of the power source.
3.2 Equipment Required
A source of clean, dry air that supplies 320 cfh at 65-75 psig
is required for the cutting operation. The air supply should
not exceed 150 psig (the maximum inlet pressure rating of
the air filter-regulator supplied with the package).
3.3 Location
Be sure that the power source is properly configured
for your input power supply. DO NOT connect a power
source configured for 208/230 V to a 460 V input power
supply. Damage to the machine may occur.
Adequate ventilation is necessary to provide proper cooling of the PCM-875. The amount of dirt, dust, and excessive heat to which the equipment is exposed, should be
minimized. There should be at least one foot of clearance
between the PCM-875 power source and wall or any other
obstruction to allow freedom of air movement through
the power source.
NOTE: If using 200(208) V input power, the PCM-875
must be reconnected for 200 V use as directed in
Section 3.7 and Fig. 3-2.
The PCM-875 consoles are equipped with a 10-ft, 4conductor input power cable for 3-phase connection. If
single-phase connection is desired, tape back the red wire
on the input power cable.
Installing or placing any type of filtering device will
restrict the volume of intake air, thereby subjecting the
power source internal components to overheating. The
warranty is void if any type of filter device is used.
NOTE: The 208/230 V models are equipped with a plug
for single-phase connection only. The plug is
mounted to a 4-conductor cable. If 3-phase connection is desired, remove and discard the plug
and proceed as described above.
3.4 Inspection
A.
Remove the shipping container and all packing material and inspect for evidence of concealed damage
which may not have been apparent upon receipt
of the PCM-875. Notify the carrier of any defects or
damage at once.
B.
Check container for any loose parts prior to disposing
of shipping materials.
C.
Check air louvers and any other openings to ensure
that any obstruction is removed.
A line (wall) disconnect switch with fuses or circuit breakers
should be provided at the main power panel (see Fig. 3-1
and Table 3-1 for fuse sizes). The input power cable of the
console may be connected directly to the disconnect switch
or you may purchase a proper plug and receptacle from a
local electrical supplier. If using plug/receptacle combination, see Table 3-1 for recommended input conductors for
connecting receptacle to line disconnect switch.
The chassis must be connected to an approved electrical
ground. Failure to do so may result in electrical shock,
severe burns or death.
21
section 3installation
Table 3-1. Recommended Sizes For
Input Conductors and Line Fuses
Input Requirements
Volts
PhaseAmps
208
1
55A
208326A/Ph.
230
1
49A
230324A/Ph.
4003
13
4603
11
5753
9
Input & Gnd
Fuse
Conductor
Size
1. For operator safety, the torch connections are located
on the output terminal board behind the lower portion of the front panel. Remove access door to output
terminal board from right panel of power source.
2. Thread the power cable, pilot arc cable and switch
lead of the PT-27 through the right open bushing of
the front panel. Connect power cable to the torch
fitting (left-hand threads); bolt the pilot arc cable
ring connection to the copper terminal; and plug in
the switch lead to the torch switch receptable on the
output terminal board. Make sure the power and pilot
arc cable connections are wrench-tight. Make sure plug
of switch lead is firmly locked in place.
3. Reassemble the access door to the power source.
4. Connect your air supply to the inlet connection of the
filter-regulator.
5. Clamp the work cable to the workpiece. Be sure the
workpiece is connected to an approved earth ground
with a properly sized ground cable.
CU/AWGAmps
6
80
6
50
6
80
6
50
1025
1025
1020
3.6 SECONDARY (OUTPUT) CONNECTIONS (Refer to Fig. 3-1)
Before making any connections to the power source
output terminals, make sure that all primary input
power to the power source is deenergized (off) at the
main disconnect switch and that the input power cable
is unplugged.
Red - NOT USED ON SINGLE PHASE
White
Black
Green
PRIMARY INPUT
POWER CABLE
22
section 3installation
TORCH
PILOT
ARC
CONNECTION
Allow at least 10 ft. (3m)
between work and power source
TORCH
POWER
CABLE
CONNECTION
WORK
TORCH
SWITCH
RECEPTACLE
SAFETY GROUND
ACCESS DOOR FOR
TORCH CONNECTION
PT-27
ACCESS FOR CNC
INTERFACE CONNECTIONS.
(See Detail “A”)
Prefiltered AIR SUPPLY (Customer Supplied)
(90 to 150 psig max)
CUSTOMER FUSED LINE DISCONNECT SWITCH(See Table 3-1 and
WARNING in regards to chassis
ground in Section 3.5.)
INPUT POWER CABLE
(See Table 3-1)
NOTE:
CNC INTERFACE CONNECTION
(Inside on left side of base.)
The 208/230 V models are equipped with a plug for singlephase connection only. The plug is mounted to a 4-conductor
cable. If 3-phase connection is desired, remove and discard
the plug and refer to Sect. 3.5.
Figure 3-1. PCM-875 Interconnection Diagram
Detail “A”
23
section 3installation
3.7 Connecting PCM-875 for 200(208) Vac Input
1. Remove cover from the PCM-875 power source.
2. Locate the Input Bridge (IBR) and TB5 terminal block
(see Fig. 1) on the left side towards the rear panel. Disconnect the gray lead from TB5-2 and then connect it
to TB5-1.
3. Locate the output bridge (D1) on left side towards the
front panel (see Fig. 2). Disconnect and swap leads X2
and X3 from the main transformer. For 200(208) vac
input, X2 is connected to TB3 and X3 is connected to
terminal 3 of D1. Make sure the connections are firmly
tightened.
4. Leave all other wires the same.
5. Reinstall cover and connect the PCM-875 to 208 vac
input power.
ELECTRIC SHOCK CAN KILL! Precautionary measures
should be taken to provide maximum protection
against electrical shock. Be sure that all power is off
by opening the line (wall) disconnect switch and by
unplugging the power cord to the unit when reconnecting for 200(208) VAC Input.
The PCM-875 power source with 200/230 vac, 1-phase
input capability is factory set for 230 vac input. If using
200(208) vac input, the PCM-875 must be reconnected as
follows before connecting to your input power:
Fig. 2
Fig. 1
GRY
TB5
(IBR)
INPUT
BRIDGE
R
X3
R2
BLK
+
BLK
GRY
FROM MAIN TRANSFORMER
S G
T +
OUTPUT BRIDGE
(D1)
~
1
~
2
~3
Figure 3-2. Original Factory Setup for 230 Vac Input on
Power Source with 200/230 Vac Input Power Capability
24
X1
TB3
X2
section 3installation
3.8 MECHANIZED CUTTING INSTALLATION WITH THE PT-20AM TORCH
ARC STARTER CABLE - 37410 (50’)
37411 (100’)
POWER CABLE - 37341 (50’)
37342 (100’)
ARC STARTER
37338
WORK
CABLE(25’)
(Supplied with
PCM-875)
AIR HOSE - 37343 (50’)
37344 (100’)
PT-20AM 21785 (4.5’)
21786 (17’)
PILOT ARC CABLE - 37339 (50’)
37340 (100’)
SCHEMATIC - MECHANICAL SYSTEM SETUP (See Figure 3-4 for detailed connections)
CNC Interface Connection (Located inside console, left side of base.)
Figure 3-3. MECHANICAL CUTTING INTERFACE DIAGRAM
25
section 3installation
View A-A
Disconnect These
Two Black Leads
Connect Arc Start Cable As Shown. (See step 5 below).
WHT Arc Start
“A”
“B”
“C”
“D”
Arc Starter
Cable (Ref.)
BLK Arc Start
ADAPTOR - 999278
“A”
“D”
PILOT ARC CABLE - 37339 (50’)
37340 (100’)
SPLICE CONNECTOR*
(Supplied with 37338)
“C” “B”
Make sure all power is off before making following connections.
25mm min.
1.
2.
AIR HOSE - 37343 (50’)
37344 (100’)
3.
4.
POWER CABLE - 37341 (50’)
37342 (100’)
ARC STARTER CABLE - 37410 (50’)
37411 (100’)
5.
6.
Arc Starter
37338
Remove cover from PCM-875.
Insert the 4 service lines from Arc Starter through the
torch opening of front panel.
Connect large hole terminal end of Pilot Arc Cable ("A")
to connection where shown. Tighten screw firmly.
Connect adaptor 999278 to fitting where shown. Connect Air Hose ("C") to adaptor. Connect power cable
("B") to one of the threaded holes of adaptor. Tighten
all connections firmly.
Locate TB1 Terminal Block. Referring to view D-D above,
disconnect the two black wires from TB1. Connect the
black lead of Arc Starter Cable ("D") to TB1-1 and the
white lead to TB1-2.
Reassemble cover. Proceed to connect the 4 service lines
to the Arc Starter. Then connect PT-20AM torch to Arc
Starter.
(4) .250” (6 mm)
2.125”
(54mm)
.035” (0.9mm)
7”
(178mm)
25mm min.
PT-20AM
TORCH
SPLICE CONNECTOR*
(Supplied with 37338)
*Insulate splice connectors
with vinyl tubing and secure
with electrical tape.
SPARK GAP ASSEMBLY
(Torch end of Arc Starter)
MOUNTING DIMENSIONS
Figure 3-4. Connection Diagram - PCM-875/PT-20AM with Arc Starter
26
section 4
operation
4.1 Operation
Flow Fault: The fault light will be mostly on but will
flick off for about 1/10th of a second every second.
This indicates that the air flow supply is low.
Over Temperature: The fault light will be mostly off
but will flick on for about 1/10th of a second every
second. This indicates that the duty cycle has been
exceeded. Allow the power source to cool down before
returning to operate.
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
• Do NOT operate the unit with the cover removed.
• Do NOT apply power to the unit while holding or carrying the unit.
• Do NOT touch any torch parts forward of the torch handle (nozzle, heat shield, electrode, etc.) with power
switch on.
High/Low Line Voltage: The fault light will rapidly
blink on and off (five times per second). This indicates
that the input voltage is outside the “+ or -” 15% range
of the input rating.
Over-Current: The fault light will be on continuously. This indicates that input current has been
exceeded.
ARC RAYS can burn eyes and skin; NOISE can damage
hearing.
• Wear welding helmet with No. 6 or 7 lens shade.
• Wear eye, ear, and body protection.
All fault signals will remain on for a minimum of
10 seconds. If fault clears, all will reset automatically except for over-current. To clear over-current,
the power must be shut off for 5 seconds and then
turned back on.
Position the PCM-875 at least 10 feet (3 meters) from
the cutting area. Sparks and hot slag from the cutting
operation can damage the unit.
4.3 Cutting with the PT-27
4.2 PCM-875 CONTROLS (FIGURE 4-1)
Use the following procedures to cut with the PT-27 torch
(Figure 4-4).
A.
A.
Hold the torch nozzle approximately 1/8 to 3/16 inch
above the work and tilted at about 15 - 30°. This reduces
the chance of spatter entering the nozzle. If the PT-27's
standoff tool is being used, set the standoff between
3/16 and 1/4-inch.
B.
Depress the torch switch. Air should flow from the
torch nozzle.
C.
Two seconds after depressing the torch switch, the pilot
arc should start. The main arc should immediately follow,
allowing the cut to begin. (If using the trigger LOCK
mode, torch switch may be released after establishing
the cutting arc.)
D.
After starting the cut, the torch should be maintained
at a 5-15° forward angle (Figure 4-2). This angle is especially useful in helping to create a "drop" cut. When
not using the standoff guide, the nozzle should be held
approximately 1/4 inch from the work.
E.
When ending a cut, the torch switch should be released
(press and release if using trigger LOCK mode) and
lifted off the workpiece just before the end of the cut.
This is to prevent the high frequency from reigniting
after cutting arc extinguishes and causing damage to
the nozzle (double arcing).
Power Switch (located on rear panel). When placed
in ON position, the green pilot light will glow indicating control circuit is energized and the cooling fan will
run.
B.Output Current Control. Adjustable from 10 to 60
amperes.
C.Air Test Switch. When placed in Test position, air filterregulator can be adjusted to desired pressure (65-75
psig) before cutting operations. Allow air to flow for
a few minutes. This should remove any condensation
that may have accumulated during shutdown period.
Be sure to place switch in OPERATE position before
starting cutting operations.
D.
E.
Trigger Lock Switch. When placed in LOCK position,
this permits releasing torch switch button after cutting
arc has been initiated. To extinguish arc at end of cut,
press and release torch switch button again or pull torch
away from work. When placed in UNLOCK position, torch
switch must be held closed by the operator during the
entire cutting operation and then released at the end
of cut.
Fault Light. Will glow amber under the following conditions and operations will come to a complete stop.
27
section 4
operation
AIR REGULATOR
CONTROL KNOB
POWER LIGHT
(WHITE)
FAULT LIGHT
(AMBER)
REAR VIEW
AIR
PRESSURE
GAUGE
AIR TEST
SWITCH
TRIGGER LOCK
SWITCH
CURRENT
CONTROL
KNOB
POWER ON-OFF
(I-O) SWITCH
FUSE (3A)
Figure 4-1. PCM-875 Controls
F.
NOTE: When replacing the nozzle, always inspect the
electrode for wear. If less than 19/32" of electrode
shaft is remaining, replace the electrode. If the
electrode is used beyond this recommended wear
limit, damage to the torch and power source may
occur. Nozzle life is also greatly reduced when
using the electrode below the recommended
limit. Refer to Figure 4-3.
For rapid re-starts, such as grate or heavy mesh cutting,
do not release the torch switch. In the postflow mode,
the arc can be re-started immediately by depressing
the torch switch. This avoids the 2-second preflow
portion of the cutting cycle.
19/32"
(15.1 mm)
ELECTRODE
REPLACE ELECTRODE BEFORE
LENGTH BECOMES SHORTER THAN
19/32 INCH (15.1 MM)
Figure 4-3. Electrode Wear Limit
Figure 4-2. Recommended Torch Angle of 5° to 15°
28
section 4
operation
2
1
WHEN THE ARC BREAKS
THROUGH THE WORK, BRING
THE TORCH TO AN UPRIGHT POSITION AND PROCEED TO CUT.
TO START A PIERCE, TILT THE TORCH TO
PREVENT MOLTEN MATERIAL FROM COMING BACK AGAINST AND DAMAGING
THE TORCH.
Figure 4-4. Piercing Technique using the PT-27
4.4 Common Cutting Problems
D. Double Arcing. (Damaged Nozzle Orifice.)
Listed below are common cutting problems followed by
the probable cause of each. If problems are determined
to be caused by the PCM-875, refer to the maintenance
section of this manual. If the problem is not corrected
after referring to the maintenance section, contact your
ESAB distributor.
1.
2.
3.
4.
E.Uneven Arc.
A. Insufficient Penetration.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Current too low.
Cutting speed too fast.
Damaged cutting nozzle.
Improper air pressure.
Low air flow rate.
1. Damaged cutting nozzle or worn electrode.
F.Unstable Cutting Conditions.
1. Incorrect cutting speed.
2. Loose cable or hose connections.
3. Electrode and/or cutting nozzle in poor condition.
B. Main Arc Extinguishes.
G. Main Arc Does Not Strike.
1. Cutting speed too slow.
2. Worn electrode.
1. Worn electrode.
2. Loose connections.
3. Work cable not attached.
C. Dross Formation. (In some materials and thicknesses,
it may be impossible to get dross-free cuts.)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Low air pressure.
Damaged cutting nozzle.
Loose cutting nozzle.
Heavy spatter accumulation on nozzle.
H. Poor Consumable Life.
Current too low.
Cutting speed too fast or too slow.
Improper air pressure.
Faulty nozzle or electrode.
Low air flow rate.
1. Improper gas pressure.
2. Contaminated air supply.
3. Low air flow rate.
29
section 4
operation
30
section 5maintenance
5.1 General
5.3 PT-27 Torch Consumable Parts
If this equipment does not operate properly, stop work
immediately and investigate the cause of the malfunction.
Maintenance work must be performed by an experienced
person, and electrical work by a trained electrician. Do not
permit untrained persons to inspect, clean, or repair this
equipment. Use only recommended replacement parts.
Make sure power switch on PCM-875 is in OFF position
before working on the torch.
The PT-27 torch head contains a gas flow check valve
that acts in conjunction with the flow switch and circuitry within the power source. This system prevents
the torch from being energized with high voltage if the
torch switch is accidentally closed when the shield is
removed. Always replace torch with the proper torch
manufactured by ESAB since it alone contains ESAB¹s
patented safety interlock.
Be sure that the wall disconnect switch or wall circuit
breaker is open before attempting any inspection or
work inside of the PCM-875.
5.2 Inspection and Cleaning
Frequent inspection and cleaning of the PCM-875 is recommended for safety and proper operation. Some suggestions
for inspecting and cleaning are as follows:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
To assemble the consumable parts, refer to Figure 5-1.
A. Place nozzle, swirl baffle and electrode into the shield
as shown.
Check work cable for secured connection to workpiece.
Check safety earth ground at workpiece and at power
source chassis.
Check heat shield on torch. It should be replaced if
damaged.
Check the torch electrode and cutting nozzle for
wear on a daily basis. Remove spatter or replace if
necessary.
Make sure cable and hoses are not damaged or
kinked.
Make sure all plugs, fittings, and ground connections
are tight.
With all input power disconnected, and wearing
proper eye and face protection, blow out the inside
of the PCM-875 using low-pressure dry compressed
air.
B. Thread assembly to the torch body and hand tighten.
Always make sure the shield is very tight before
cutting.
ELECTRODE
SWIRL BAFFLE
NOZZLE
SHIELD
Water or oil occasionally accumulates in compressed air
lines. Be sure to direct the first blast of air away from
the equipment to avoid damage to the PCM-875.
H.
Occasionally, bleed all water from the filter beneath
the air filter-regulator.
IMPORTANT!
MAKE SHIELD VERY TIGHT!
Figure 5-1. Assembly of PT-27 Torch Front End Parts
31
section 5maintenance
Other handling precautions that should also be observed
are as follows:
5.4 Flow Switch (Figure 5-2)
When excessive contamination is found in the air, the
flow switch (FS-4) should be disassembled and cleaned
as follows:
•
A.
•
B.
C.
D.
E.
•
Ensure the system is shut down and there is no trapped
air under pressure in the piping.
Remove the piston plug.
Remove the spring. Use care when handling spring
to prevent distortion.
Remove the piston.
Clean all parts with cleaning agent.
•
When mounting IGBT modules on a heatsink, certain
precautions should be taken to prevent any damage
against a sudden torque. If a sudden torque (“one-sided
tightening”) is applied at only one mounting terminal the
ceramic insulation plate or silicon chip inside the module
may get damaged.
NOTE:
Ensure cleaning agent does not contain solvents which
can degrade polysulfone. Warm water and detergent
is recommended for cleaning. Allow all parts to dry
thoroughly before reassembly.
The mounting screws are to be fastened in the order shown
in Figure 5-3. Also, care must be taken to achieve maximum
contact (i.e. minimum contact thermal resistance) for the
best heat dissipation.
Reassemble the flow switch in reverse order.
Application of a thermal pad on the contact surface improves it thermal conductivity. See Replacement Parts
section for the required pad.
PISTON PLUG
SPRING
FLOW SWITCH
Use grounded work station with grounded floors and
grounded wrist straps when handling devices.
Use a 100Ω resistor in series with the gate when performing curve tracer tests.
Never install devices into systems with power connected to the system.
Use soldering irons with grounded tips when soldering
to gate terminals.
A torque wrench should be used. Tighten mounting screws
to 28 in-lbs; wire connecting screws to 19 in-lbs. If torque
is too heavy, the device can damage like the above “onesided tightening”.
PISTON

Two-Point Mounting Type
Temporary tightening  
Final tightening  

Figure 5-2. Disassembly / Assembly of Flow Switch
5.5 IGBT Handling & Replacement
Since IGBT gates are insulated from any other conducting
region, care should be taken to prevent static build up,
which could possibly damage gate oxides. All IGBT modules are shipped from the factory with conductive foam
contacting the gate and emmiter sense pins.

Four-Point Mounting Type
Temporary tightening  
Final tightening  



Always ground parts touching gate pins during installation. In general, standard ESD precautlions application to
FETs should be followed.
Figure 5-3. Screw Fastening Order
32
section 5maintenance
5.6
Troubleshooting
ELECTRIC SHOCK CAN KILL! Be sure that all primary power to the machine has been externally disconnected. Open the
line (wall) disconnect switch or circuit breaker before attempting inspection or work inside of the power source.
Check the problem against the symptoms in the following troubleshooting guide. The remedy may be quite simple. If the
cause cannot be quickly located, shut off the input power, open up the unit, and perform a simple visual inspection of all the
components and wiring. Check for secure terminal connections, loose or burned wiring or components, bulged or leaking
capacitors, or any other sign of damage or discoloration.
The cause of control malfunctions can be found by referring to the sequence of operations and electrical schematic diagram
(Figure 5-1) and checking the various components. A volt-ohmmeter will be necessary for some of these checks.
Voltages in plasma cutting equipment are high enough to cause serious injury or possibly death. Be particularly
careful around equipment when the covers are removed.
NOTE:
Before checking voltages in the circuit, disconnect the power from the high frequency generator to avoid damaging your
voltmeter.
NOTE:
Schematics and Wiring Diagrams on 11” x 17”
paper are included
inside the back cover of this manual.
33
section 5maintenance
5.7 Troubleshooting GUIDE
A. Power Light (PL1) does not come on.
1. Visually inspect the machine for any damage.
2. Check if the cooling fan is running. If not, then check the following :
a. Check if the machine power cord is plugged to the input power receptacle.
b. Measure the input power at the receptacle. If not present, then check the wall disconnect switch and it’s
fuses.
c. Check Fuse (F1). If fuse is ok, then check the input circuit breaker (CB1) for proper operation. Replace if defective.
3. If above items check OK , the problem is internal. Send unit to an Authorized Repair Station for repair.
a. If the cooling fan is running, then measure voltage between pins P2-11 and P2-14 of the control board
(should be 115 VAC). If there is no voltage, then replace transformer T2.
b. If the voltage is present, then the pilot light may be burnt out.
B. No Air Flow
1. Check air inlet supply. Unit requires 320 CFH at 65 psig.
2. Check air hose and connections. Tighten if leaking.
3. Does air flow when “air test” switch is in test position?
a. If not, check torch consumables, replace if necessary.
b. If above items check OK , the problem is internal. Take unit to an Authorized Repair Station for repair.
C. The Power light is on, but nothing happens when the torch switch is depressed. Fault light does not activate.
NOTE: Unplug high frequency connection before attempting to work on this problem.
1. Check the Pilot Arc fuse (F2) located on the rear panel. An open fuse will indicate a short in the torch. If the fuse is all
right, then check the following:
a. With the machine power on, depress the torch switch. On the control board the LED 1 should be lit as long as the
switch is depressed. If not then check:
i.
Turn power off to the machine. Unplug Control board. Put an ohmmeter across P5-1 and P5-2 to take resistance reading. Depress torch switch. Meter should read a short. If not, then one of the following is not working
properly:
ii. Torch switch or the leads. Unplug the torch switch leads at the machine. Put a meter across the two plug pins.
Should read a short when the torch switch is depressed. If not, then either broken switch leads or malfunctioning switch.
b. Check T2 transformer secondary voltages at the plugs P1 and P2. Refer to system schematic. Replace the transformer
if the correct secondary voltages are not present.
c. If everything above checks out all right, then the PCB1 Control Board should be replaced.
34
section 5maintenance
D. Fault light activates when torch switch is closed.
The Fault circuit is used to monitor conditions necessary for the safe operation of the PCM-875. The fault light will glow
amber under the following conditions and operations will come to a complete stop:
1. High/Low line voltage. The Fault Light will rapidly blink on and off (5 times per second). This indicates that the input
voltage is outside the “+” or “-” 15% safe operating range rating.
2. Flow fault - The fault light will be mostly on but will blink off for 1/10th of a second every second. This indicates that
the air flow is low.
a. Check the air pressure at the machine regulator. It should be adjusted to 65 psig. If no air pressure, check the air at
the supply point. Also, check for any obstructions in the air hose.
b. Air flow may be blocked at the torch tip. Check the torch consumables. Also check for any obstructions in the torch
leads.
NOTE: If above items check OK , the problem is internal. send unit to an Authorized Repair Station for repair.
c.. Put the ‘Air Check’ switch to On position. Air should flow through torch. If not, then the flow switch may be stuck
due to oil in the air. Clean air flow switch per supplier’s instructions or replace switch. To check if the flow switch is
open, put voltmeter leads between P1-12 and P1-1. It should read about 12 VDC. When the flow switch closes, the
voltage will drop to zero volts.
d. Air Check switch may also be malfunctioning if the air is flowing continuously or putting in the On position does
not turn air on.
3.Over Temperature. The fault light will be mostly off but will blink on for 1/10 of a second, every second. This generally
indicates that the duty cycle has been exceeded. Allow the power source to cool before returning to operate.
a. Thermal switch may be open. It will open if the temperature at the IGBT base reaches 94oC. With the machine power
off, check the continuity between P1-1 and P1-2 of the control board. If the switch is OK, then the ohmmeter should
read a direct short. If not then it should read open.
b. If the switch is malfunctioning, replace it. Clean the surface of the heat sink before installing the switch. 4. Over Current. The fault light will be on continuously. This indicates that the input current to the main transformer has
exceeded preset limits.
a. To check if the output is shorted, measure the resistance by putting the ohmmeter leads (make sure to disconnect
HI Frequency leads):”+” of the meter to Torch “+” output terminal and Work “-” lead of the meter to the “-” output
terminal. Reading should be about 2 K Ohms. Reverse the voltmeter leads, the resistance reading should be less
than 1.5 K Ohms.
b. If the resistance reading is different than above, check the torch, the output bridge and Filter Board (PCB-5).
E.Air is On but nothing happens when torch switch is operated.
1. Check the torch. Make sure that the heat shield is very tight.
2. Check to assure high frequency is present at the torch. If not, then listen for high frequency at the high frequency
generator. It is located on the bottom/right side of the unit. The high frequency gap is set to 0.040”. Disconnect HI
FREQUENCY leads. Check for 115 volt supply to the high frequency unit between P2-12 & P2-13 of the control board
with torch switch closed.
3. With HI FREQUENCY leads disconnected, measure open circuit voltage. It should be 275 VDC between “Work” and “Torch”
terminals. If it is not present then any one of the following may not be working properly:
a. Check the operation of the Thermal Switch. See D.3.a. above.
b. Check Air Check switch operation. It might be stuck in On position. Pilot arc will not initiate if this switch is in the
ON position. (safety reasons)
35
section 5maintenance
c. Check air flow switch. There may be internal short. See D.2.c above.
d.
Measure voltage across C1 or C2 capacitor. It should be as follows:
If not, one of following could be malfunctioning:
approx. 325 VDC for the 208/230 volt unit.
approx. 280 VDC to 325 VDC for the 400 or 460 volt unit
approx. 410 VDC for the 575 volt unit
1). Check the capacitors C1 and C2 for any damage.
2.) Check input bridge/SCR Module (IBR) This can be checked without taking it out of the circuit using an
volt/ohmeter. Replace it if found malfunctioning. Follow bridge installation instructions.
3.) Check Inrush current resistor, R10 and SCR1. Both are located on the input bridge heat sink. Replace it if
malfunctioning.
e. IGBTs (2 on 230 V, and 1 on the 400 V & 460 V units) may be blown. See IGBT installation procedure. Before replacing
IGBTs, make sure to check the zener diodes and pico fuses on the IGBT driver boards.
F. High Frequency and Pilot Arc are on but Main Arc does not transfer.
1. Make sure work clamp is connected to work material.
2. Check the torch. Replace consumables if necessary.
3. Make sure the current setting potentiometer is set above 10 amps. If it is, set below 10 amps, then HI
FREQUENCY will go on and off at 5 sec intervals.
G. Poor Cutting Performance.
1. Check air supply regulator . It should be adjusted to 65-75 psig.
2. The air supplied to the torch should be free of oil and water.
3. Make sure the consumables in the torch are acceptable.
4. Check open circuit voltage. See E.4 above.
5. Check the output. Use a calibrated current probe capable of measuring 100 amps in the presence of high
frequency.
36
section 5maintenance
H. Air does not shut off.
1. Check air test, the gas solenoid valve is energized when the switch is in the “on” position.
2. Does air flow stop when the torch switch is unplugged? If yes, check and repair the torch. If not, send unit to an Authorized Repair Station for repair.
a. Check voltage to solenoid coil, if present when torch switch is unplugged, replace PCB1. If voltage is “0”,
replace solenoid valve.
I.
Main arc is difficult to start.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
The most common reason is worn or missing consumables. Check and replace if necessary.
Input air must be clean and dry.
Input air pressure must be between 65 - 75 psig.
Torch connections must be tight.
Work cable and clamp must be in good condition and must make a good electrical connection to the material to be cut.
If above items check OK , the problem is internal. send unit to an Authorized Repair Station for repair.
a. Missing or weak pilot arc. Check pilot arc fuse, open circuit voltage, pilot arc resistors and pilot arc wiring.
b. Inoperative starter board (PCB-5).
NOTE:
Schematics and Wiring Diagrams on 11” x 17”
paper are included
inside the back cover of this manual.
37
section 5maintenance
5.8 Reference Voltage Checks
A. Control Board Assembly (PCB1)
1. LED’s
LED-1
LED-2
LED-3
-
-
-
Torch Switch
High Frequency
Gas Solenoid Valve
2. Voltage Test Points
Tests are made with power on - no arc.
Disable High Frequency by disconnecting blue wire with black sleeve
TP-0
TP-1
TP-2
TP-3
TP-4
TP-9
TP-10
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Ground
+15 vdc
+12 vdc
-12 vdc
+5 vdc
IGBT’s driving signal - switching frequency = 20 KHz
IGBT’s driving signal - switching frequency = 20 KHz
50 µsec
50
80
13 vdc
0
LPG 50
LPG 80
For 208/230 VAC input, the IGBT off time is 3µsec.
For 400/460/575 VAC input, the IGBT off time is 6µsec.
Figure 5-4. IGBT Gating Signal
38
section 5maintenance
5.9 Sequence of Operation
A. TRIGGER LOCK “UNLOCK” position
TORCH SWITCH
PUSH
GAS SOLENOID VALVE
RELEASE
OPEN
2 SEC.
PREFLOW
CLOSE
10 SEC
Postflow
FLOW SWITCH
FAULT OVERLOAD LIGHT
OPEN
CLOSE
ENERGIZE
HF CIRCUIT
INVERTER
CUTTING ARC (CURRENT)
NOTES:
1.
When the torch switch is pushed during postflow period, the postflow and preflow times are canceled, and the
HF is energized immediately.
2.
When the amber fault light comes on, cutting operation should be stopped. The postflow time starts from the
moment the torch switch is released.
39
section 5maintenance
B.
TRIGGER LOCK "LOCK" position
TORCH SWITCH
PUSH RELEASE
GAS SOLENOID VALVE
OPEN
2 SEC.
PREFLOW
PUSH
RELEASE
CLOSE
10 SEC
Postflow
CLOSE
FLOW SWITCH
POSTFLOW
OPEN
FAULT LIGHT
ENERGIZE
HF CIRCUIT
INVERTER
CUTTING ARC (CURRENT)
NOTES:
1.
When the torch switch is pushed during postflow period, the postflow and preflow times are canceled, and the HF is
energized immediately.
2.
When the red fault light comes on, cutting operation should be stopped. The postflow time starts from the moment
the torch switch is released.
3.
FAULT light is on during second "turn-off" trigger only. This does not affect performance in any way.
40
section 6
replacement parts
6.0Replacement Parts
6.1General
Always provide the serial number of the unit on which the parts will be used. The serial number is stamped on
the unit nameplate.
6.2Ordering
To ensure proper operation, it is recommended that only genuine ESAB parts and products be used with this
equipment. The use of non-ESAB parts may void your warranty.
Replacement parts may be ordered from your ESAB Distributor.
Be sure to indicate any special shipping instructions when ordering replacement parts.
Refer to the Communications Guide located on the back page of this manual for a list of customer service phone
numbers.
Note
Bill of material items that have blank part numbers are provided for customer information only.
Hardware items should be available through local sources.
41
section 6
replacement parts
5, 4
3, 4
6
1, 2
7
8, 9
16
15
8
10, 11
14
13
12
Fig. 6-1. PCM-875 Power Source, Front View
Item
No.
Qty.
Req.
Part
No.
Description
1
1
137630611
2
1
0558001176
3
1
673213
42
951474
5
1
634518
6
1
951754
7
1
951526
82
993426
9
121711
10
123606172
11
1
680560
12
4
182W12
13
1
0558001174
14
136330YL
15
1
954008
162
13734588
Circuit
Symbol
PCM-875, Series A
KNOB
POT. 10K 3W (NOMEX INSUL. - 676876)
SWITCH TOGGLE SPST 2 POS 15 A 125 V
SWITCH SEAL BLACK
SWITCH TOGGLE DPDT 2 POS 15 A 125 V
LAMP LED YEL 12 V
LAMP NEON WHITE
GROMMET RUBBER 1.50 ID x 1.76 OD
GAUGE 1.50 160 PSI WHITE
STRAIN RELIEF
WORK CABLE 25 FT. (Not Shown)
FOOT RUBBER
CHASSIS PCM-875
DOOR ACCESS YEL (ESAB)
LABEL WARNING HI VOLTAGE
LABEL ESAB
42
R1
S3
S2
PL2
PL1
section 6
replacement parts
154, 155, 156
153
151, 152
157
158, 159
160, 161
162
Fig. 6-2. PCM-875 Power Source, Rear View
Item
No.
Qty.
Req.
Part
No.
Description
151
121710
152
1
10Z30
1532
951575
154
136719YL
155
12091514
156
1
954290
157
1
954666
1
954667
1
954668
1
954669
158
1
952136
159
1
952559
160
1
97W63
161
1
0558004221
137574
1
0558001181
1
0558002799
162
136107
Circuit
Symbol
FILTER, REGULATOR AIR LINE
ADAPTOR B/A-WM x 1/4 NPTM
HANDLE
TOP COVER YEL (ESAB)
LABEL WARNING
LABEL WARNING
LABEL RATING PCM-875 208/230
LABEL RATING PCM-875 400/460
LABEL RATING PCM-875 575
LABEL RATING PCM-875 400CE
FUSE HOLDER
FUSE 3 A FAST ACTING
STRAIN RELIEF
INPUT POWER CABLE, 6 FT (208/230 V)
INPUT POWER CABLE, 10 FT (400/460/575 V)
INPUT POWER CABLE, 10 FT (400 V CE)
CABLE POWER 4 COND 16 MM
SWITCH POWER 600V 63A
43
F1
section 6
replacement parts
28
29, 30
27
27
25, 26
43
42
25, 26
24
31
21
32, 33, 34
23
22
35
46,47
39
36
37
38
44, 45
41
40
Fig. 6-3. PCM-875 Power Source, Left Side View (208/230)
44
section 6
replacement parts
Fig. 6-3. PCM-875 Power Source, Left Side View (208/230) cont'd
Item
No.
Qty.
Req.
Part
No.
Description
21
1
952150
22
1
952002
23
1
952208
24
136733
252
952237
262
994674
272
0558001177
28
136822
29
136732
30
1
951028
31
1
950487
32
1
952235
33
12062282
343
951321
352
951205
36
1
17750010
37
132958
38
1
952255
39
1
950711
40
4
17721020
41
1
951202
422
951940
43
1
952558
44
1
950249
45
1
951471
46
1
17250010
472
99512068
Circuit
Symbol
BRIDGE 60ADC 100NS 600 V (includes PAD - 951192)
CORE SATURABLE
STANDOFF INS.
BUSBAR NEG
CAPACITOR 1800 µf 450VDC
GROMMET STRIP
PCB ASS'Y MOSFET IGBT DRIVER BOARD
HOSE AY B/A-2X 1/4NPT RUB 2 FT
BUSBAR POS
CAPACITOR 1µf 630VDC (Not shown - see wiring)
TERM BLOCK 2 POS MODULE INPUT BRIDGE/SCR (includes PAD - 952280)
CAPACITOR .22µf 1KV (See wiring)
METAL OXIDE VARISTOR 275 V (See wiring)
IGBT 600 V 100 A (includes PAD - 951190) RESISTOR 50 W 10 OHM (PAD - 951194)
CURRENT TRANSFORMER ASS'Y
CAPACITOR 40 µf 400 VDC
THERMAL SWITCH 194°F
RESISTOR 24 W 20 OHMS (PAD 951193)
FLOW SWITCH .25 GPM
CAPACITOR 1µf 630W VDC
HEATSINK
SOL. VALVE 1/4NPT 165 PSI 24 VAC
DIODE ZENER 60 V 75 MA (See Wiring)
RESISTOR WW FIXED 50W 10 OHM
RESISTOR BRACKET
45
D1
L3
TB3
C1, 2
PCB2, 3
C3
TB5
IBR
C19
MOV1, 2, 3
Q1, 2
R7
T4
C4
TS1
R3, 4, 5, 6
FS
C15, 16
SOL1
ZD1
R10
section 6
replacement parts
61
67 71
56, 57, 58
59
56, 57, 58
55
62
60
63
53
64, 65, 66
54
68
51
52
77, 78
74
70
69
75, 76
73
72
Fig. 6-4. PCM-875 Power Source, Left Side View (400/400CE/460/575)
46
section 6
replacement parts
Fig. 6-4. PCM-875 Power Source, Left Side View (400/400CE/460/575)
Item
Qty.
Part
No.
Req.
No.
Description
51
1
952150
BRIDGE 60 ADC 100NS 600 V (includes PAD - 951192)
52
1
952002
CORE SATURABLE
53
1
951800
MODULE DUAL IGBT 150 A, 1200 V
(includes PAD - 951191)
54
1
952208
STANDOFF INS (Not used on 575 V)
55
136732
BUSBAR POS
562
952237
CAPACITOR 1800µf 450 VDC (400/400CE/460 V)
2
952562
CAPACITOR 1800µf 500 VDC (575 V)
572
994674
GROMMET STRIP
582
951028
CAPACITOR 1µf 630 VDC (See wiring)
59
1
0558001178
PCB ASS'Y IGBT DRIVER BOARD
60
1
951964
CAPACITOR 2µf 800 VDC (400/400CE/460V)
1
951892
CAPACITOR 0.68µf 1200 VDC (575 V)
61
136822
HOSE ASS'Y B/A x 1/4 NPT RUB
62
136733
BUSBAR NEG
63
1
950487
TERM BLOCK 2 POS (Not used on 400CE/575 V)
64
1
952235
MODULE INPUT BRIDGE/SCR
(includes PAD - 952280)
65
12062282
CAPACITOR .22µf 1KV
663
950591
METAL OXIDE VARISTOR 510 V (400/400CE/460 V)
3
951963
METAL OXIDE VARISTOR 625 V (575 V)
672
17750010
RESISTOR 50W 10 OHM (PAD - 951194) 68
132958
CURRENT TRANSFORMER ASS'Y
69
1
952255
CAPACITOR 40µf 400 VDC (400/400CE/460 V)
1
952585
CAPACITOR 20µf 600 VDC (575 V)
70
1
0455803880
FILTER EMI (CE only) (not shown)
71
1
950711
THERMAL SWITCH 194°F
72
4
17721020
RESISTOR 25W 20 OHMS (PAD - 951193) 73
1
951202
FLOWSWITCH .25 GPM
74
1
952558
HEATSINK
75
1
950249
SOL, VALVE 1/4 NPT 165 PSI 24 VAC
76
1
951471
DIODE ZENER 60 V 75m A
77
1
17250010
RESISTOR WW FIXED 50W 10 OHM
782
99512068
RESISTOR BRACKET
47
Circuit
Symbol
D1
L3
Q1
TB3
C1, 2
C1, 2
C3, 15
PCB2
C16
C16
TB5
IBR
C19
MOV1, 2, 3
MOV1, 2, 3
R7
T4
C4
C4
FN1
TS1
R3, 4, 5, 6
FS
SOL1
ZD1
R10
section 6
replacement parts
90,91
89
88
87
81
86
92
93
80
94
95
82, 83, 84
96
97
104
98, 99
100
101,102,103
Fig. 6-5. PCM-875 Power Source, Right Side View (208/230)
48
section 6
replacement parts
Fig. 6-5. PCM-875 Power Source, Right Side View (208/230) cont'd
Item
No.
Qty.
Req.
Part
No.
Description
80
132
812
17300012
82
1
673458
83
1
952557
84
1
17145433
85
86
1
952232
87
138214
88
136586
892
951469
90
131488
91
1
951515
92
138131
93
1
952233
94
136721
95
1
182W64
96
136717
97
132969
98
1
0558001180
992
951342
100
1
951179
101
1
950487
1022
672348
103
1
952204
104
136718
Circuit
Symbol
CONTROL TRANSFORMER ASS'Y
RESISTOR 300W 12 OHM
CONTACTOR 3 POLE,110 VAC 40A
CAPACITOR .82µf 630 VDC (See Wiring)
RESISTOR, 2W 5% K330 (See Wiring)
T2
R11,12
K1
C21
R13
INDUCTOR PFC
CONTROL BOARD ASS'Y
MAIN TRANSFORMER ASS'Y
CAPACITOR .022µf 250 VAC (See Wiring)
SHUNT BOARD ASS'Y
CAPACITOR .047µf 660 VAC
START UP BOARD ASS'Y
INDUCTOR OUTPUT
BUSBAR OUTPUT
LOCK TWIST MIDGET
BRACKET OUTPUT
REACTOR ASS'Y HI FREQ.
SPARK GAP ASS'Y
CAPACITOR 2500pf 15 K V
TRANSFORMER HI VOLTAGE
TERM. BLOCK 2 POS 20 A
CAPACITOR .01µf 1KV (See wiring)
CAPACITOR .01µf 250 VAC (See wiring)
BOX HI FREQ.
L2
PCB1
T1
C17, 18
T1
C23
PCB5
L1
49
J1
T3
SG
C13, 14
T5
TB1
C11, 12
C9
section 6
replacement parts
119, 120
118
117
116
111
121
112, 113, 114
122
110
123, 135
126
124
125
134
127, 128
130, 131, 132
129
133
Fig. 6-6. PCM-875 Power Source, Right Side View (400/400CE/460/575 V)
50
section 6
replacement parts
Fig. 6-6. PCM-875 Power Source, Right Side View (400/400CE/460/575 V) cont'd
Item
No.
Qty.
Req.
Part
No.
Description
110
132914
111
1
17300012
112
1
673458
113
1
952557
114
1
17145433
115
116
138214
117
136586
136599
1182
951469
119
131488
120
1
951515
121
138131
122
1
952233
123
136721
124
1
182W64
125
136717
126
132969
127
1
0558001180
1282
951342
129
1
951179
130
1
950487
1312
672348
132
1
952204
133
1
952213
134
136718
135
1
951314
Circuit
Symbol
CONTROL TRANSFORMER ASS'Y
RESISTOR 300W 12 OHM
CONTACTOR 3 POLE 110VAC 40A
CAPACITOR .82µf 630 VDC (See wiring)
RESISTOR 2W 330K (See wiring)
T2
R11,12
K1
C21
R13
CONTROL BOARD ASS'Y
MAIN TRANSFORMER ASS'Y (400/400CE/460 V)
MAIN TRANSFORMER ASS'Y (575 V)
CAPACITOR .022µf 250 VAC (See wiring)
SHUNT BOARD ASS'Y
CAPACITOR .047µf 660 VAC
START UP BOARD ASS'Y
INDUCTOR OUTPUT
BUSBAR OUTPUT
LOCK TWIST MIDJET
BRACKET OUTPUT KYDEX
REACTOR ASS'Y HI FREQ.
SPARK GAP ASS'Y
CAPACITOR 2500pf 15 K V
TRANSFORMER HI VOLTAGE TERM. BLOCK 2 POS 20 A
CAPACITOR .01µf 1KV (See wiring)
CAPACITOR .01µf 250 VAC (See wiring)
REACTOR 3PH LINE 12 A
BOX HI FREQ
CAPACITOR .022µf 1KV (See wiring)
PCB1
T1
T1
C17, 18
PCB4
C23
PCB5
L1
51
J1
T3
SG
C13, 14
T5
TB1
C11, 12
C9
L2
C20
section 6
replacement parts
142
143
144
145
140
141
Fig. 6-7. PCM-875 (208/230V) Power Source, Top View with PCB1 and Shelf Removed
Item
No.
Qty.
Req.
Part
No.
Description
140
1
954673
141
1
952026
1422
17240310
143
1
951182
144
12091558
145
1
954700
1
954681
Circuit
Symbol
LABEL CNC INTERFACE
TERM. BLOCK 7 POS 25 A
RESISTOR 10 K 25 W
FAN AC AXIAL
LABEL GROUND BLACK
LABEL INPUT (208/230 V)
LABEL INPUT (400/460 V)
52
TB4
R2, 15
M1
section 6
replacement parts
53
notes
54
revision history
1. Revision “A” edition (1/2002) of the manual covers the following changes: Control Board Assembly, P/N
38175 was replaced with Control Board Assembly, P/N 38214.
. Removes the Valve Pin, P/N 21619 from the PT-27 Spare Parts Kit and all other references to this part
which is now obsolete for this package.
. Revision B - updated replacement parts section.
4. Revision C - Changed 6 foot input power cable part number from 37573 to 0558004221. Added schematic drawing 0558001186 and wiring diagram drawing 0558001191.
5. Revision D - 05/2005 - Updated format. Made chgs per change notice #'s 043155 & 053013.
In replacement parts section added filter regulator, item 151, p/n 0558005394 note, added
to item 161 power cable p/n 0558002799, and chgd filter EMI, item 70, p/n from: 952253 to:
0455803880. Updated all views in replacement parts section. Moved schematics to 11 x 17 format.
6. Revision D - 12/2005 - Removed filter regulator, item 151, p/n 0558005394 note, in replacement parts
section.
55
ESAB Welding & Cutting Products, Florence, SC Welding Equipment
COMMUNICATION GUIDE - CUSTOMER SERVICES
A.
CUSTOMER SERVICE QUESTIONS:
Telephone: (800)362-7080 / Fax: (800) 634-7548
Hours: 8:00 AM to 7:00 PM EST
Order Entry
Product Availability
Pricing Order Information Returns
B.
ENGINEERING SERVICE:
Telephone: (843) 664-4416 / Fax : (800) 446-5693
Hours: 7:30 AM to 5:00 PM EST
Warranty Returns Authorized Repair Stations Welding Equipment Troubleshooting
C.
TECHNICAL SERVICE:
Telephone: (800) ESAB-123/ Fax: (843) 664-4452
Part Numbers
Technical Applications
Specifications
Hours: 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM EST
Equipment Recommendations
D.
LITERATURE REQUESTS:
Telephone: (843) 664-5562 / Fax: (843) 664-5548
Hours: 7:30 AM to 4:00 PM EST
E.
WELDING EQUIPMENT REPAIRS:
Telephone: (843) 664-4487 / Fax: (843) 664-5557
Repair Estimates Repair Status
Hours: 7:30 AM to 3:30 PM EST
F.
WELDING EQUIPMENT TRAINING
Telephone: (843)664-4428 / Fax: (843) 679-5864
Training School Information and Registrations
Hours: 7:30 AM to 4:00 PM EST
G.
WELDING PROCESS ASSISTANCE:
Telephone: (800) ESAB-123 Hours: 7:30 AM to 4:00 PM EST
H.
TECHNICAL ASST. CONSUMABLES:
Telephone : (800) 933-7070
Hours: 7:30 AM to 5:00 PM EST
IF YOU DO NOT KNOW WHOM TO CALL
Telephone: (800) ESAB-123
Fax: (843) 664-4462
Hours: 7:30 AM to 5:00 PM EST
or
visit us on the web at http://www.esabna.com
The ESAB web site offers
Comprehensive Product Information
Material Safety Data Sheets
Warranty Registration
Instruction Literature Download Library
Distributor Locator
Global Company Information
Press Releases
Customer Feedback & Support
F15-605-D
12 / 2005