TC10™ Automated
Cell Counter
Instruction Manual
Catalog #145-0010
FPO
Copyright ©2010 Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc. Reproduction in any form, either print or electronic, is prohibited
without written permission of Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc. Excel is a trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
TC10™ Automated
Cell Counter
Instruction Manual
Bio-Rad Laboratories Resources
Table 1 lists Bio-Rad resources and how to locate what you need.
Table 1. Bio-Rad resources.
Resource
How to Contact
Local Bio-Rad Laboratories representatives Find information and contacts on the Bio-Rad Laboratories
website by selecting your country on the Home page
(www.bio-rad.com). Find the nearest international office listed on
the back of this manual
Technical notes and literature
Go to the Bio-Rad Laboratories website (www.bio-rad.com).
Type a term in the Search box and select Documents to find links
to literature
Technical specialists
Bio-Rad Laboratories technical support scientists provide our
customers with practical and expert solutions. To find local
technical support on the phone, contact your nearest Bio-Rad
Laboratories office. For technical support in the United States
and Canada, call 1-800-424-6723 (toll-free phone), and select the
technical support option
Warranty
The TC10™ automated cell counter and associated accessories are covered by a standard
Bio-Rad warranty. Contact your local Bio-Rad Laboratories office for the details of the warranty.
Safety Use Specifications and Compliance
A Warning! label in this manual warns you about sources of injury or harm, including risk of
electrical shock.
Warning! Do not attempt to repair or remove the outer case of the TC10 automated cell counter
or other accessories. If you open this instrument, you put yourself at risk for harm to body or equipment
from electrical shock.
This instrument has been tested and found to be in compliance with all applicable requirements
of the following safety and electromagnetic standards (Table 2).
Table 2. Environmental conditions for safe operation of the TC10 automated cell counter.
Transient category
Operating power Frequency Electrical input Installation site
Operating temperature
Maximum relative humidity Altitude
Pollution degree Degree of protection
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Installation categories II
90–240 VAC, 1.2 A
50/60 Hz
12 VDC, 2.5 A
Indoor use only
10–35°C
20–80%
<2,400 m
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IPX0
Safety Compliance
This instrument has been tested and found to be in compliance with all applicable requirements of the
following safety and electromagnetic standards:
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EN61010-1 — Electrical Equipment for Measurement, Control, and Laboratory Use
UL Std No. 61010A-1 Electrical Equipment for Measurement, Control, and Laboratory Use, Part 1:
General Requirements
UL Std No. 61010A-2-010 Electrical Equipment for Measurement, Control, and Laboratory Use,
Part 1: General Requirements
CAN/CSA C22.2 No. 1010.1-92 — Safety Requirements for Electrical Equipment for Measurement,
Control, and Laboratory Use, Part 1: General Requirements (includes Amendment 1)
CAN/CSA C22.2 No. 1010.1B-97 — Amendment 2 CAN/CSA C22.2 No. 1010.1-92 – Safety
Requirements for Electrical Equipment for Measurement, Control, and Laboratory Use, Part 1:
General Requirements
IEC 61010-1 Safety Requirements for Electrical Equipment for Measurement, Control, and Laboratory
Use, Part 1 General Requirements
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
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F.C.C Title 47 Part 15B as a Class A digital device.
EN61326 Class A Electrical Equipment for measurement, control, and laboratory use —
General Requirements.
FCC Warning and Notes
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Warning: Changes or modifications to this unit, not expressly approved by the party responsible for
compliance, could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital
device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable
protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial
environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to
radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful
interference in which case the user will be required to correct the interference, at his own expense.
Note regarding FCC compliance: Although this design of instrument has been tested and found to
comply with Part 15, Subpart B of the FCC Rules for a Class A digital device, please note that this
compliance is voluntary, for the instrument qualifies as an “exempted device” under 47 CFR 15.103(c),
in regard to the cited FCC regulations in effect at the time of manufacture.
Note regarding Canadian EMC compliance: Le present appareil numerique n’emet pas de bruits
radioelectrique depassant les limites applicables aux appareils numeriques de class A prescrites
dans le reglement sur le brouillage radioelectrique edicte par le Ministere des Communications
du Canada.
This Bio-Rad instrument is designed and certified to meet EN61010* and the EMC requirements
of EN61326 (for Class A) safety standards. Certified products are safe to use when operated in
accordance with the instruction manual. This instrument should not be modified or altered in any way.
Alteration of this instrument will cause the following results:
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Void the manufacturer’s warranty
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Void the EN61010 safety certification
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Create a potential safety hazard
*EN61010 is an internationally accepted electrical safety standard for laboratory instruments.
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Bio-Rad Laboratories is not responsible for any injury or damage caused by the use of this instrument
for purposes other than those for which it is intended, or by modifications of the instrument not
performed by Bio-Rad Laboratories or an authorized agent.
We strongly recommend that you follow the safety specifications listed in this section and throughout
this manual. Use only the supplied power cord in the instrument, making sure to choose the plug
adaptor that corresponds to the electrical outlets in your region.
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Table of Contents
Bio-Rad Laboratories Resources.............................................................................ii
Warranty..................................................................................................................ii
Safety Use Specifications and Compliance............................................................ iii
Chapter 1 — Introduction.................................................................................... 1
Instrument Overview.......................................................................................... 2
User Interface..................................................................................................... 3
TC10™ Automated Cell Counter Specifications.................................................. 4
TC10 Kits, Reagents, and Accessories.............................................................. 4
Chapter 2 — Setting up the TC10 Automated Cell Counter.............................. 7
System Components......................................................................................... 8
Unpacking the System Components................................................................. 8
Setting the Date and Time................................................................................. 8
Chapter 3 — Performing Cell Counts............................................................... 11
Loading Slides.................................................................................................. 12
Preparing Samples........................................................................................... 12
Counting Cells on the TC10 Automated Cell Counter...................................... 13
Current Count Options..................................................................................... 14
Using the Dilution Calculator....................................................................... 14
Printing the Current Cell Count................................................................... 15
Viewing the Image of Cells from the Current Count.................................... 15
Viewing the Histogram from the Current Count.......................................... 15
Exporting the Image of Cells from the Current Count................................. 16
Chapter 4 — Saved Count Results.................................................................... 17
Viewing Previous Counts.................................................................................. 18
Printing Previous Counts.................................................................................. 18
Exporting Previous Counts............................................................................... 19
Deleting All Counts........................................................................................... 19
Chapter 5 — Maintenance and Troubleshooting............................................. 21
Performing the TC10 System Verification Test.................................................. 22
Cleaning the TC10 Automated Cell Counter..................................................... 23
Updating the Firmware..................................................................................... 23
Battery............................................................................................................. 24
Troubleshooting................................................................................................ 25
Ordering Information.......................................................................................... 26
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Chapter 1 — Introduction
Chapter 1 Introduction
Introduction
The Bio-Rad TC10™ automated cell counter is a benchtop instrument that counts
mammalian cells in one simple step, initiating auto-counts immediately upon slide
insertion. The innovative autofocus technology and sophisticated digital image
analysis algorithm produce accurate cell counts for most samples in less than
30 seconds. The TC10 cell counter rapidly provides a total cell count with or without
trypan blue staining, and assesses cell viability via trypan blue dye exclusion.
Getting all the data you need about your cell cultures is fast and easy; the TC10 cell
counter and disposable chamber slides eliminate the need for tedious setup, cleaning,
or maintenance.
The TC10 cell counter provides accurate and reproducible cell counts for suspended
cells that have been grown as adherent or suspension cells at concentrations within
the 5 × 104-1 × 107 cells/ml range and for cells within the 6–50 μm cell diameter
range. Only 10 μl of cell suspension is required for the cell count. The cell counter
detects the presence of trypan blue dye in the sample with no user input required and
automatically accounts for the 1:1 (trypan blue:cells) dilution factor.
An image of the counted cells can be viewed on the screen and downloaded onto
a USB flash drive immediately after the count. The TC10 cell counter can internally
store results from 100 counts. Count results can be exported onto a USB flash
drive and viewed in Microsoft Excel on a computer. The TC10 cell counter has a
dilution calculator to derive cell resuspension volumes required to achieve the cell
concentration needed for the next experiment. A histogram of cell diameter distribution
in the sample can be viewed after the cell count.
Instrument Overview
The front panel of the TC10 automated cell counter (Figure 1) includes:
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User interface — consisting of a color digital screen and four keys for
navigating the software
Slide port — used to insert the cell counting slide
The side (right) panel of the TC10 automated cell counter (Figure 1) includes:
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USB port A (top port) — for connecting thermal printer or USB flash drive
USB port B (bottom port) — for connecting thermal printer; the USB port B
cannot be used for the USB flash drive
Power switch — for turning the instrument on and off
The rear panel of the TC10 automated cell counter includes:
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Power inlet — used to connect the cell counter to an electrical outlet via the
supplied power cord (select the appropriate plug adaptor for your region)
Chapter 1 Introduction
LCD screen
Keys for navigation
USB Ports A and B
Power switch
Slide port
Fig. 1. TC10 cell counter.
User Interface
The user interface contains a color LCD screen and the four navigation keys listed below:
Home — for accessing the Home screen or for exiting any screen
Up and down arrow keys — for moving to the desired setting within a screen
n Enter — for confirming a selection
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Home Screen
The Home screen can be accessed
from any screen by pressing Home.
This screen (Figure 2) provides access
to the following choices:
Count cells — initiates a cell count.
When this option is selected, the
instrument will automatically start
counting if a slide is already inserted.
If there is no slide in the instrument,
the Insert slide screen will be displayed
Previous counts — for viewing results
from up to 100 previous counts stored
in the instrument; results are organized
by date/time stamps, with the most
recent count shown first
Fig. 2. Home screen.
Export previous counts — for exporting results from the instrument onto a
USB flash drive
Dilution calculator — calculates volume adjustments required to achieve the
cell concentration needed for the next experiment
Options — for selecting additional operations
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Chapter 1 Introduction
Options Screen
The Options screen (Figure 3) contains the following choices:
Export current image — for saving
the image of cells from the most
recent cell count onto a USB flash drive.
Important: When the instrument is
switched off, the image of cells from
the last count is no longer kept in
the memory
Set date/time — for setting the date
and time on the instrument, results
are associated with date/time stamps
System test — for verifying the
performance of the instrument;
a verification slide is needed for
this function
Fig. 3. Options screen.
Update firmware — for upgrading the firmware
Delete all counts — for deleting all counts stored in the instrument
TC10 Automated Cell Counter Specifications
Processing time: 30 seconds (may increase for higher concentration cell suspensions)
Cell concentration range: 5 × 104–1 × 107 cells/ml
Cell diameter range: 6–50 µm
Dimensions (W x D x H): 19 × 15 × 25.4 cm
Weight: 2.2 kg
TC10™ Kits, Reagents, and Accessories
TC10 kits, reagents, and accessories are specially designed for use with the
TC10 automated cell counter. These products are optimized to ensure accurate and
reproducible cell counts.
TC10 Counting Slides
The TC10 counting slide (Figure 4) is a disposable polygon plastic slide with a
dualchamber composed of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA). Each slide is
75 × 25 × 1.8 mm (W x D x H) with a chamber depth of 100 μm. Each enclosed
chamber requires only 10 μl of suspended cells. The volume counted in each chamber
is 0.4 µl, equivalent to the volume counted in four squares (each 1 mm × 1 mm) of a
manual hemocytometer.
The slide can provide counts for two different samples or duplicates of the same
sample, one at a time. The chambers are labeled A and B, with an arrow next to each
chamber to indicate the direction of slide insertion. Both slide chambers can be loaded
prior to insertion in the TC10 cell counter for sequential counting. For sample loading,
use the loading areas on the outer end of each counting chamber.
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Chapter 1 Introduction
Fig. 4. TC10 counting slide and TC10 trypan blue dye.
TC10 Trypan Blue Dye
TC10 trypan blue dye (Figure 4) has been specially formulated for use with the TC10
counter to provide rapid staining for accurate determination of cell viability. The dye is
composed of filter-sterilized 0.4% trypan blue dye (w/v) in 0.81% sodium chloride and
0.06% potassium phosphate dibasic solution.
Trypan blue dye is a vital stain recommended for use in estimating the number of
live and dead cells in the cell suspension. The reactivity of this dye is based on the
fact that the chromophore is negatively charged and does not react with the internal
region of the cell unless the membrane is damaged. The dye enters into only dead
cells and stains them blue, while live cells have intact cell membranes and remain bright
and unstained.
TC10 Thermal Label Printer
The thermal label printer (Figure 5) can be connected to the TC10 cell counter via the
USB port A or USB port B. The printer, which uses a direct thermal printing method,
provides labels with results that can be placed into the laboratory notebook.
TC10 System Verification Kit
The TC10 system verification kit (Figure 5) is available to verify the instrument’s
performance. The verification kit includes a TC10 verification slide and instructions for use.
Fig. 5. Accessories for the TC10 cell counter.
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Chapter 2 —
Setting up the TC10
Automated Cell Counter
Setting up the TC10 Automated Cell Counter
Setting up the TC10™ Automated Cell Counter
System Components
The TC10 automated cell counter (catalog #145-0001) includes:
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TC10 automated cell counter
Power cord with four regional adaptors
TC10 USB flash drive
Instruction manual
Quick guide
TC10 counting slides with dual chambers, 1 box of 30
TC10 trypan blue dye, 1.5 ml
Accessories that need to be purchased separately include:
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TC10 label printer, 185 labels/roll
TC10 verification kit
Unpacking the System Components
1. Unpack the TC10 automated cell counter carefully. Remove all packaging materials
and store them for future use. Examine the instrument carefully for any damage
incurred during transit. Ensure that all parts of the instrument including accessories
listed above are included with the product. If any item is missing or damaged,
contact your local Bio-Rad office.
2. Place the TC10 cell counter on a dry, leveled surface.
3. Insert the supplied power cord into the instrument.
4. Plug the power cord into the appropriate electrical outlet.
5. Turn on the instrument using the green power switch button. The Home
screen appears.
Setting the Date and Time
The TC10 cell counter uses a date/time stamp to track cell count results stored on
the instrument. The date and time should be set on the TC10 cell counter before the
first count. Resetting the date/time stamp after using the TC10 cell counter will not
affect stored results.
1. Press the down arrow key to go to Options from the Home screen, and press Enter.
2. Use the down arrow key to go to Set date/time, then press Enter.
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Setting up the TC10 Automated Cell Counter
3. The parameter that is being modified is highlighted, starting with month (Figure 6).
Use the up or down arrow key to find the correct value (for example, September,
October…) and press Enter to confirm the selection.
4. The cursor then moves on to the
next parameter (for example, day)
to be modified. Use the up or
down arrow key to select the date,
and press Enter to confirm your
selection. Finally, the cursor moves
on to the year. Use the up or down
arrow key to select the appropriate
year, and press Enter to confirm
your selection.
Fig. 6. Setting the date and time.
5. The cursor moves on to the AM/PM or 24 hr selection. Using the up or down arrow
key, select either 24 Hour or AM/PM, and press Enter.
6. The cursor moves on to the time (for example, 07:21:57: AM). Confirm your selection
and press Enter.
7. To go back to a previous selection, continue pressing Enter until you get to that
selection. Press the up or down arrow key to find the correct value, and press Enter
to confirm the selection.
8. To exit, press Home.
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Chapter 3 —
Performing Cell Counts
Performing Cell Counts
Performing Cell Counts
Loading Slides
Handle the TC10™ counting slides using the edges and avoid touching the optical
surface of the slides.
Important: When loading the sample, place
the pipet tip at a 45-degree angle at the
bottom of the sample loading area (half circle at
outer end of the chambers). Slide the tip along
the surface and carefully touch the apex of the
half circle (Figure 7). Once the tip is stopped,
depress the plunger to begin the capillary
loading process. Care should be taken to avoid
visible bubble formation or back splatter. Do
not overfill or underfill the chamber.
Important: Load samples only into the outer
ends of the counting chambers (Figure 8). The
center areas are open to promote uniform cell
distribution in the counting chamber. Do not
use the center areas for sample loading to avoid
an undercounting of the cells in the sample.
Fig. 7. Loading the TC10 counting slide.
Load here
Load here
Fig. 8. Correct and incorrect loading areas.
TC10 cell counting slides cannot be reused. Dispose of used slides as biohazardous waste
according to your local environmental health and safety regulations.
Preparing Samples
Preparing Samples without TC10 Trypan Blue Dye
1.Pipet 10 μl of the cell suspension into the outer opening of either chamber of the
counting slide (Figure 7).
Preparing Samples with Trypan Blue
1.To determine cell viability, mix 1 part of TC10 trypan blue dye and 1 part of cell
suspension. In a micro test tube, combine 10 μl of the cell suspension (preferably in
PBS or serum free media, since serum proteins are stained with trypan blue and can
produce misleading results) with 10 μl of TC10 trypan blue dye. Gently pipet up and
down ten times to mix.
2.Pipet 10 μl of the mixture into the opening of either chamber on the TC10
counting slide.
3.When counting the sample in duplicate, combine 20 μl of the cell suspension with
20 μl of TC10 trypan blue dye, and then pipet 10 μl of the mixture into each chamber.
Important: The cell suspension must be loaded into the TC10 counting slides and
counted within 10 minutes of mixing with trypan blue dye. Viable cells that are exposed
to trypan blue dye for an extended period may start to get stained, affecting the
accuracy of the cell count.
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Performing Cell Counts
4.Total and live count results in the presence of
trypan blue dye account for the 1:1 dilution
factor of trypan blue to cell suspension.
Counting Cells on the
TC10 Automated Cell Counter
1.Simply inserting a TC10 counting slide into
the slide slot of the TC10 cell counter will
automatically initiate a cell count (Figure 9). The
chambers are labeled A and B, with an arrow
next to each chamber to indicate the direction
of slide insertion. Make sure that the slide is
completely inside the slide slot; otherwise
the instrument does not detect the slide and
counting does not start.
Fig. 9. Inserting the TC10 slide into the
TC10 cell counter.
2.The cell counter automatically detects the
presence of the slide and initiates the count.
The cell counter also detects the presence of
trypan blue dye.
3.The count results appear on the
Current count screen.
For samples without trypan blue dye —
On the Current count screen, the instrument
provides the total cell count per ml (Figure 10).
Fig. 10. Cell count screen.
For samples with trypan blue dye — On the
Current count screen, the instrument provides
the total cell count per ml, live cell count per ml,
and percentage of live cells (Figure 11). If the
counted sample contains trypan blue dye, the
instrument accounts for 1:1 dilution of trypan
blue to cells.
Fig. 11. Cell Count screen with trypan
blue dye.
Important: If the number of cells is above or below the specified range of the
TC10 automated cell counter, “Current count value out of range” is displayed on the
Current count screen. View the image of cells (see Viewing the Image of Cells from
the Current Count for details) and determine whether the sample should be diluted
or concentrated. Then repeat the cell count.
4.Once the instrument completes the cell count, remove the slide from the slide slot.
To exit the Current count screen, press Home.
5.If the slide is removed, results from the last count will remain on the screen until
a new slide is inserted. When a new slide is inserted and the instrument starts
counting, the previous result will be stored on the TC10 cell counter using a
date/time stamp to track the count.
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Performing Cell Counts
Current Count Options
Using the Dilution Calculator
The dilution calculator is used to calculate volume adjustments that are needed to
achieve the cell concentration needed for the next experiment. If trypan blue dye was
used during the count, the instrument accounts for the 1:1 dilution with the dye in the
calculation results, and only the live cell concentration will be used for calculations.
To use the recent count as the starting cell concentration, use the following instructions:
1.From the Current count screen, use the down arrow key to select Dilution calculator.
2.Press Enter to continue.
3.Use the up or down arrow key to
select a value, and press Enter to
confirm the selection (Figure 12). If the
value of the desired cell count is higher
than the starting cell count, “Invalid
dilution” is displayed on the screen.
4.Repeat step 3 until all the parameters
have been set.
5.To recalculate the dilution, continue
pressing Enter to go back to the field
to be modified. Subsequent changes
to values automatically recalculate
output results.
Fig. 12. Dilution calculator.
6.Once all the parameters have been set, the curser lands on the Print dilution results
field. To print the dilution results, use the down arrow key to select Yes and then
press Enter.
7.To exit, press Home.
Alternatively, to use a manually entered count as the starting cell concentration, use
the following instructions:
1.From the Home screen, use the down arrow key to select Dilution calculator.
2.Press Enter to continue.
3.Use the up or down arrow key to select a value, and press Enter to confirm
the selection.
4.Repeat step 3 until the all the parameters been set.
5.To recalculate the dilution, press Enter after the last parameter is modified; this
takes you back to the first active field. Subsequent changes to values automatically
recalculate output results.
6.Once all the parameters have been set, the cursor lands on the Print dilution results
field. To print the dilution results, use the down arrow key to select Yes and then
press Enter.
7.To exit, press Home.
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Performing Cell Counts
Printing the Current Cell Count
The TC10 thermal label printer can be connected to the cell counter for printing results
from the most recent count. The printer, which uses a direct thermal printing method,
provides labels with results that can be placed into the laboratory notebook.
To print results from the most recent count:
1.Connect the thermal printer using the USB port A or USB port B on the cell counter.
2.From the Current count screen, use the down arrow key to select Print count.
3.Press Enter to start printing.
Viewing the Image of Cells from the
Current Count
To see the image from the most recent count:
1.Use the down arrow key to
select View image from the
Current count screen.
2.Press Enter.
3.Use the up arrow key to zoom
in on an image and examine cells
in detail. To zoom out, use the
down arrow key (Figure 13).
Fig. 13. Image of cells.
4.To return to the Current count
screen, press Enter.
Viewing the Histogram from the Current Count
The histogram of cell size distribution from the most recent count shows the
approximate cell diameters (in µm) on the X axis and the cell counts on the Y axis. The
cell counts are based on the imaged area of 4 mm2. For samples without trypan blue
dye, the plot shows the total cell count (Figure 14). For samples with trypan blue dye,
two plots are used to show the number of live and dead cells (Figure 15).
Fig. 14. Histogram for total cell count (sample
without trypan blue dye).
Fig. 15. Histogram for live and dead cell count
(sample with trypan blue dye).
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Important: The TC10 cell counter accurately counts samples with single cell
populations. If you work with whole blood or other mixed cell population samples
containing cells that vary greatly in size, the TC10 cell counter will analyze and provide
cell counts only for the prevalent cell population in the sample, and the histogram will
only show the cell diameter distribution for that cell population. The histogram only
shows approximate cell diameters; it is not intended to provide precise cell diameters.
To see the histogram of cell diameter distribution from the most recent count:
1.Use the down arrow key to select View histogram from the Current count screen.
2.To return to the Current count screen, press Enter.
Exporting the Image of Cells from the Current Count
The image from the most recent count can be downloaded onto a USB flash drive and
viewed on your computer in JPEG format.
To export the image:
1.Press Home to go to the Home screen.
2.Use the down arrow key to go to Options, and press Enter.
3.Choose Export current image, and press Enter.
4.If there is no USB flash drive inserted into the instrument, “Insert USB flash drive into
Port A to export current image. Press Home to cancel” is displayed on the screen.
Insert a USB flash drive into the USB port A. If a USB flash drive is already inserted into
the USB port A, the export starts automatically.
5.A bar showing the progress of the image download is displayed on the screen.
When the image export is complete, “File saved as CELLxxx.JPG. Press Home to
exit” is displayed.
6.To exit, press Home.
7.Remove the USB flash drive from the instrument.
Note: If a new slide is inserted while the instrument is exporting an image, the
instrument queues the count until it completes the export. The instrument then detects
the slide and asks if it should start counting the sample in the new slide. If a new slide
is inserted after the image is exported, the instrument starts counting the sample in
the new slide.
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Chapter 4 —
Saved Count Results
Saved Count Results
Saved Count Results
Viewing Previous Counts
The TC10™ cell counter stores results from 100 reads, with the first result shown being
from the most recent count. When the instrument performs the 101st count, the oldest
result is deleted from the internal memory. Results are stored by their date/time stamp
corresponding to when the count results were generated.
To view previous count results:
1.From the Home screen, use the down arrow key to select Previous counts, and
press Enter.
2.To scroll through the results slowly,
use the up or down arrow key
(Figure 16).
3.To scroll through results quickly,
press and hold down the up or
down arrow key.
4.To exit, press Home.
Printing Previous Counts
To print previous results:
1.Connect the thermal printer using
the USB port A or USB port B on
the cell counter.
Fig. 16. Previous counts results.
2.From the Home screen, use the down arrow key to select Previous counts, and
press Enter.
3.Scroll through the results by pressing the up or down arrow key to find the result to
be printed.
4.Press Enter to select Print count.
5.To exit, press Home.
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Saved Count Results
Exporting Previous Counts
Results can be exported on a USB flash drive and can be opened as a spreadsheet in
Microsoft Excel. All results on the instrument will be exported.
To export all results:
1.From the Home screen, use the down arrow key to select Export previous counts,
and press Enter.
2.If the USB flash drive is already inserted into instrument, the export starts
automatically. Otherwise, “Insert USB flash drive into Port A to export counts. Press
Home to cancel” is displayed on the screen.
3.To proceed with the export, insert the USB flash drive into the USB port A. The export
starts automatically. Alternatively, cancel the data export by pressing Home.
4.Once the previous counts have been exported, “File saved as RSLT…..TXT. Press
Home to exit” is displayed.
5.To exit, press Home.
6.Remove the USB flash drive from the instrument.
Deleting All Counts
To delete all counts stored in the instrument:
1.From the Home screen, use the down arrow key to select Options, and press Enter.
2.From the Options screen, use the down arrow key to select Delete all counts, and
press Enter.
3.“Delete all counts?” appears on the screen.
4.Use the up or down arrow key to select Yes or No, press Enter to confirm.
5.The Home screen appears.
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Chapter 5 —
Maintenance and
Troubleshooting
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Performing the TC10 System Verification Test
The TC10™ automated cell counter is calibrated at the time of manufacture and does
not require further adjustment by the customer. A TC10 system verification kit can be
purchased for validating the functionality and performance of the TC10 cell counter. The
kit contains a TC10 verification slide, which is a printed glass slide with a defined number
of circles printed on respective sides of the slide.
To perform the TC10 system test:
1. F
rom the Home screen, use the down arrow key to select Options, and press Enter.
2.From the Options screen, use the down arrow key to select System test, and
press Enter.
3.“Insert verification slide, side A
first, then press Enter” appears
on the screen. Insert side A of
the verification slide into the slide
port of the instrument. Press
Enter to continue.
Fig. 17. System verification results.
4.“Pull out verification slide and insert side B into the instrument, then press Enter” is
displayed on the screen. Remove the slide from the instrument, and insert side B of
the verification slide into the slide port. Press Enter to continue.
5. Pull out the verification slide (test step without slide) and press Enter.
6.The results of the system test are displayed on the System test screen (Figure 17).
For each sample, a Pass or Fail result is reported along with number of objects found,
number of objects expected, and ratio of live objects (Pass 218 of 221, 0.50). The
number expected to be found can change each time the test is repeated due to slight
position variations of the slide in the TC10 cell counter.
7. R
esults of the TC10 system test can be exported on a USB device using the Export
previous counts function. (See Exporting Previous Counts for details.)
8. Save the TC10 verification slide for future use.
Important: If the TC10 cell counter fails the system test procedure, a reason for the failure
will be displayed on the System test screen. The TC10 cell counter will indicate that you
should either clean the verification slide and repeat the test or that you should contact
Bio-Rad technical support. Do not insert verification slide if it is damaged. It could damage
the instrument.
22
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Cleaning the TC10 Automated Cell Counter
The TC10 automated cell counter requires little maintenance for proper operation.
However, with long and constant use, the cell counter requires some cleaning and other
maintenance. The instrument should be cleaned on a regular schedule to remove any
debris or dirt that might interfere with proper function.
Cleaning the case — Always turn off the instrument and disconnect the power cable
before cleaning the case. Use a soft, lint-free cloth and deionized water to wipe down the
outer case. Avoid wetting the power switch or the power jack while cleaning the case.
Warning! Never pour or spray water or other solutions directly on the instrument. Wet
components can cause electrical shock when the cell counter is plugged in.
Cleaning the LCD screen — Always turn off the instrument and disconnect the power
cable before cleaning the LCD screen. Use a soft, lint-free cloth lightly moistened with
LCD cleansing detergent to clean the LCD screen. Cleaning the screen with excessive
force can damage the screen. Wipe the screen dry immediately.
W
arning! Do not use abrasive detergents or rough material because they may scratch
the control panel and display.
Decontaminating the instrument — Always turn off the instrument and disconnect the
power cable before decontaminating the unit. Wipe with a soft, lint-free cloth and 70%
alcohol to clean the outer case.
Warning! If you use a 10% bleach solution to clean or decontaminate the instrument, it
may leave a residue of bleach crystals that over time could scratch the surface. Avoid
touching or cleaning the LCD screen and control panel. Follow by wiping down with a
damp cloth to remove any excess bleach.
Updating the Firmware
The firmware version installed in the TC10 automated cell counter is displayed when the
instrument is switched on.
Note: To receive notifications of firmware updates, register your instrument at
www.bio-rad.com.
To update the firmware on the instrument:
1.Download the firmware update from www.bio-rad.com/cellcounter onto a USB flash
drive. The file with the firmware update must be saved in the root directory of the USB
flash drive.
2.From the Home screen, use the down arrow key to select Options, and press Enter.
3.From the Options screen, use the down arrow key to select Update firmware, and
press Enter.
4.“Insert USB flash drive with firmware file into Port A. Press Home to cancel” is
displayed on the screen.
23
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
5.Insert the USB flash drive containing the firmware update into the USB port A.
“Validating” appears on the screen.
Note: If the USB flash drive does not contain a firmware update or if the update file
is not saved in the root directory, “No update file present. Press Home to exit” is
displayed on the screen.
6. When the instrument recognizes and validates the firmware update file on the USB
flash drive, it displays the current and new firmware version numbers and “Press Enter
to continue updating” is displayed.
7. Press Enter to continue updating.
8. W
hen the update is successfully completed, the TC10 cell counter automatically
restarts.
Battery
The battery on the TC10 automated cell counter is designed to last for 10 years. If the
date on the instrument changes without user input, it may be an indication that the
battery is getting weak. If this occurs, contact Bio-Rad Technical Support.
Warning! Do not attempt to change the battery. Contact the Bio-Rad Technical
Support team.
24
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting
Error Message
Invalid Result Data
Possible Cause and Solution
Data were improperly stored and cannot be retrieved
Invalid DilutionThe value entered for the desired cell concentration is higher than
the starting cell concentration. Ensure that the value of the desired
cell concentration is not higher than the starting cell concentration.
Incorrect slide, remove slide. Insert verification slide, side A first, press Enter
The TC10 counting slide is used instead of the TC10 verification
slide during system validation. Insert side A of the TC10 verification
slide, and press Enter
FILE WRITE ERROR
Press HOME key to continue
1. Check USB thumb drive. If it is close to full, then empty it.
2. If “FILE WRITE ERROR” is displayed after step 1, then reformat
thumb drive in FAT32 format.
3. If “FILE WRITE ERROR” is displayed after step 1 and step 2,
then use different USB thumb drive.
No firmware update file present, The USB flash drive does not contain the updated firmware file
press Home key to exit or the file is saved outside of root directory of the UBS flash drive.
Insert a USB flash drive that contains the updated firmware file
in the root directory
Please repeat the test with
a clean slide
Failure of system test. Repeat the verification without the verification
slide. If the problem persists, contact Bio-Rad technical support
team (see Bio-Rad Laboratories Resources for details)
Slide removed during focusing. Reinsert slide to continue or press Home to exit
The slide is removed during counting. If the slide is removed during
focusing, counting is interrupted. Once the slide is reinserted,
the count starts automatically
Connect the printer
The TC10 thermal label printer is not connected to the instrument.
Connect the thermal label printer to the instrument via the
USB port A or USB port B
No labels in the printer
There are no labels in the thermal label printer. Insert labels into
the printer
Current count value out
of range
The number of cells is above or below specification.
View the cell image, and dilute or concentrate your sample.
Repeat the count
Exposure time too high
Slide is too dark; remove it and use a clean counting slide
Manual white balance
out of range
Remove slide and reinsert it. Do not move or remove the slide during focusing and counting steps
Average luminance
out of range
Remove slide and reinsert it. Do not move or remove the slide during focusing and counting steps
Hardware errors (stepper motor Restart the instrument; if the error is displayed again, contact
error, bright field LED not
Bio-Rad technical support team (see Bio-Rad Laboratories
working, vinculum communication Resources for details)
error, CPLD, FPGA)
25
Ordering Information
Catalog #
Description
TC10 Automated Cell Counter
145-0001TC10 Automated Cell Counter, 120–140V, includes instrument, power supply, USB
key, USB cable, 30 TC10 double chamber counting slides, 1.5 ml trypan blue dye
145-0009TC10 Automated Cell Counter with Label Printer, 120–140V, includes instrument,
power supply, USB key, label printer, 1 roll of labels, USB cable, 30 TC10 double
chamber counting slides, 1.5 ml trypan blue dye
Kits and Reagents
145-0003
TC10 Counting Kit, includes 30 TC10 double chamber counting slides (60 count),
1.5 ml TC10 trypan blue dye
145-0014
TC10 System Test Kit, includes TC10 verification slide, instructions
145-0021
TC10 Trypan Blue Dye 0.4%, includes 5 x 1.5 ml trypan blue dye (750 count)
145-0022
TC10 Trypan Blue Dye 0.4%, includes 10 x 1.5 ml trypan blue dye (1,500 count)
Accessories
145-0005
TC10 Label Printer, 120–240V, includes label printer, USB cable, 1 roll of labels
145-0007Printer Labels, for TC10 label printer, 185 labels/roll
145-0015
TC10 Counting Slides, includes 150 double chamber counting slides (300 count)
145-0016
TC10 Counting Slides, includes 300 double chamber counting slides (600 count)
145-0017
TC10 Counting Slides, includes 600 double chamber counting slides (1,200 count)
145-0018
TC10 Counting Slides, includes 900 double chamber counting slides (1,800 count)
145-0019
TC10 Counting Slides, includes 1,200 double chamber counting slides (2,400 count)
145-0020
TC10 Counting Slides, includes 2,400 double chamber counting slides (4,800 count)
26
Bio-Rad
Laboratories, Inc.
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Life Science
Group
10016620 Rev B
US/EG
10-0542
0410
Sig 1109