Siemens 175V Technical data

12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
SIPROTEC Compact 7SK80
Motor Protection Relay
LSP2874.tif
Function overview
Fig. 12/6
SIPROTEC 7SK80
motor protection relay
Description
The SIPROTEC Compact 7SK80 is a multifunctional motor protection relay. It is designed for asynchronous induction-type
motors of all sizes. The relays have all the
functionality to be applied as a backup relay
to a transformer differential relay.
The 7SK80 features “flexible protection
functions”. 20 additional protection functions can be created by the user. For example, a rate of change of frequency function
or a reverse power function can be created.
The relay provides circuit-breaker control,
additional primary switching devices
(grounding switches, transfer switches and
isolating switches) can also be controlled
from the relay. Automation or PLC logic
functionality is also implemented in the
relay. The integrated programmable logic
(CFC) allows the user to add own functions, e.g. for the automation of switchgear (including: low voltage starting, automatic restart, interlocking, transfer and
load shedding schemes). The user is also
allowed to generate user-defined messages.
The communication module is independent from the protection. It can easily be
exchanged or upgraded to future communication protocols.
Siemens SIP · 2008
Highlights
Removable current and voltage terminals
provide the ideal solution for fast and
secure replacement of relays.
Binary input thresholds and current taps
are software settings. There is thus no need
to ever open the relay to adapt the hardware
configuration to a specific application.
The relay provides 9 programmable function keys that can be used to replace pushbuttons, select switches and control switches.
The battery for event and fault recording
memory can be exchanged from the front
of the relay.
The relay is available with IEC 61850 for
incredible cost savings in applications (e.g.
transfer schemes with synch-check, bus
interlocking and load shedding schemes).
This compact relay provides protection,
control, metering and PLC logic functionality. Secure and easy to use one page matrix
IO programming is now a standard feature.
The housing creates a sealed dust proof
environment for the relay internal electronics. Heat build up is dissipated through
the surface area of the steel enclosure. No
dusty or corrosive air can be circulated
over the electronic components. The relay
thus will maintain its tested insulation
characteristic standards per IEC, IEEE,
even if deployed in harsh environment.
Revised Oct. 2008
Protection functions
• Time-overcurrent protection
(50, 50N, 51, 51N)
• Directional overcurrent protection, ground
(67N)
• Sensitive dir./non-dir. ground-fault
detection (50Ns, 67Ns)
• Displacement voltage (64)
• Inrush restraint
• Motor protection
– Undercurrent monitoring (37)
– Starting time supervision (48)
– Restart inhibit (66/86)
– Locked rotor (14)
– Load jam protection (51M)
• Overload protection (49)
• Temperature monitoring
• Under-/overvoltage protection (27/59)
• Under-/overfrequency protection (81O/U)
• Breaker failure protection (50BF)
• Phase unbalance or negative-sequence
protection (46)
• Phase-sequence monitoring (47)
• Lockout (86)
Control functions/programmable logic
• Commands for the ctrl. of CB, disconnect
switches (isolators/isolating switches)
• Control through keyboard, binary
inputs, DIGSI 4 or SCADA system
• User-defined PLC logic with CFC
(e.g. interl.)
Monitoring functions
• Operational measured values V, I, f
• Energy metering values Wp, Wq
• Circuit-breaker wear monitoring
• Minimum and maximum values
• Trip circuit supervision
• Fuse failure monitor
• 8 oscillographic fault records
• Motor statistics
Communication interfaces
• System/service interface
– IEC 61850
– IEC 60870-5-103
– PROFIBUS-DP
– DNP 3.0
– MODBUS RTU
• Ethernet interface for DIGSI 4
• USB front interface for DIGSI 4
Hardware
• 4 current transformers
• 0/3 voltage transformers
• 3/7 binary inputs (thresholds
configurable using software)
• 5/8 binary outputs (2 changeover/
Form C contacts)
• 0/5 RTD inputs
• 1 live-status contact
• Pluggable current and voltage terminals
12/9
12
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Application
Fig. 12/7 Function diagram
The SIPROTEC Compact 7SK80 unit is a
numerical protection relay that can perform
control and monitoring functions and
therefore provide the user with a cost-effective platform for asset protection, monitoring and management, that ensures reliable
supply of electrical power to the motors or
other plant assets. The ergonomic design
makes control easy from the relay front
panel. A large, easy-to-read display was a
key design factor.
Control
12
The integrated control function permits
control of motors, contactors, disconnect
devices, grounding switches or circuitbreakers through the integrated operator
panel, binary inputs, DIGSI 4 or the control
or SCADA/automation system (e.g. SICAM,
SIMATIC or other vendors automation system). A full range of command processing
functions is provided.
Programmable logic
The integrated logic characteristics (CFC)
allow the user to add own functions for
automation of switchgear (e.g. interlocking) or switching sequence. The user can
also generate user-defined messages. This
functionality can form the base to create
extremely flexible transfer schemes.
12/10
Line protection
Reporting
The 7SK80 units can be used for line protection of high and medium-voltage networks with grounded, low-resistance
grounded, isolated or a compensated
neutral point.
The storage of event logs, trip logs, fault
records and statistics documents are stored
in the relay to provide the user or operator
all the key data required to operate modern
substations.
Motor protection
Switchgear cubicles for
high/medium voltage
The 7SK80 relay is specifically designed
to protect induction-type asynchronous
motors.
Transformer protection
The relay provides all the functions for
backup protection for transformer differential protection. The inrush suppression
effectively prevents unwanted trips that
can be caused by inrush currents.
Backup protection
The 7SK80 can be used as a stand alone
feeder protection relay or as a backup to
other protection relays in more complex
applications.
All units are designed specifically to meet
the requirements of high/medium-voltage
applications.
In general, no separate measuring instruments (e.g. for current, voltage, frequency,
…) or additional control components are
necessary.
Typically the relay provides all required
measurements, thus negating the use of
additional metering devices like amp, volt
or frequency meters. No additional control
switches are required either. The relay provides 9 function keys that can be configured to replace push buttons and select
switches.
Metering values
Extensive measured values (e.g. I, V),
metered values (e.g. Wp, Wq) and limit
values (e.g. for voltage, frequency) provide
improved system management.
Siemens SIP · 2008
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Application
ANSI No.
IEC
Protection functions
50, 50N
I>, I>>, I>>>, IE>, IE>>, IE>>>
Instantaneous and definite time-overcurrent protection (phase/neutral)
51, 51N
Ip, IEp
Inverse time-overcurrent protection (phase/neutral)
67N
IEdir>, IEdir>>, IEp dir
Directional overcurrent protection, ground (definite/inverse)
67Ns/50Ns
IEE>, IEE>>, IEEp
Directional/non-directional sensitive ground-fault detection
Cold load pick-up (dynamic setting change)
–
59N/64
VE, V0>
Displacement voltage, zero-sequence voltage
Breaker failure protection
50BF
46
I2>
Phase-balance current protection (negative-sequence protection)
47
V2>, phase-sequence
Unbalance-voltage protection and/or phase-sequence monitoring
Starting time supervision
48
ϑ>
49
Thermal overload protection
51M
Load jam protection
14
Locked rotor protection
66/86
Restart inhibit
37
I<
Undercurrent monitoring
Temperature monitoring via internal RTD inputs or external device (RTD-box),
e.g. bearing temperature monitoring
38
27, 59
V<, V>
Undervoltage/overvoltage protection
32
P<>, Q<>
Forward-power, reverse-power protection
55
cos ϕ
Power factor
81O/U
f>, f<
Overfrequency/underfrequency protection
81R
df/dt
Rate-of-frequency-change protection
12
Siemens SIP · 2008
12/11
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
LSP2885.tif
Construction and hardware
Connection techniques and
housing with many advantages
The relay housing is 1/6 of a 19" rack. The
housing is thus identical in size to the 7SJ50
and 7SJ60 relays that makes replacement
very easy. The height is 244 mm (9.61").
Illuminated 6-line display
Pluggable current and voltage terminals
allow for pre-wiring and simplify the exchange of devices. CT shorting is done in
the removable current terminal block.
It is thus not possible to open-circuit a
secondary current transformer.
Numerical key pad/9 function keys
Navigation keys
8 programmable LEDs
Control keys
Standard battery exchangeable from the front
All binary inputs are independent and the
pick-up thresholds are settable using software settings (3 stages). The relay current
transformer taps (1 A/5 A) are new software settings. Up to 9 function keys can be
programmed for predefined menu entries,
switching sequences, etc. The assigned
function of the function keys can be shown
in the display of the relay.
LSP2878.tif
LSP2877.tif
USB front port
LSP2876.tif
Current terminal
block
Voltage terminal
block
Fig. 12/8
7SK80 Front view, rear view, terminals
Protection functions
Time-overcurrent protection
(ANSI 50, 50N, 51, 51N)
12
This function is based on the phaseselective measurement of the three phase
currents and the ground current (four
transformers). Three definite-time overcurrent protection elements (DMT) are
available both for the phase and the
ground elements. The current threshold
and the delay time can be set in a wide
range. Inverse-time overcurrent protection
characteristics (IDMTL) can also be selected and activated.
Reset characteristics
Time coordination with electromechanical
relays are made easy with the inclusion
of the reset characteristics according to
ANSI C37.112 and IEC 60255-3 /BS 142
standards. When using the reset characteristic (disk emulation), the reset process is
initiated after the fault current has disappeared. This reset process corresponds to
12/12
Available inverse-time characteristics
Characteristics acc. to
ANSI/IEEE
IEC 60255-3
Inverse
•
•
Short inverse
•
Long inverse
•
Moderately inverse
•
Very inverse
•
•
Extremely inverse
•
•
the reverse movement of the Ferraris disk
of an electromechanical relay (disk emulation).
Cold load pickup/dynamic setting change
Inrush restraint
The relay features second harmonic restraint. If second harmonic content is
detected during the energization of a transformer, the pickup of non-directional and
directional elements are blocked.
•
The pickup thresholds and the trip times
of the directional and non-directional
time-overcurrent protection functions can
be changed via binary inputs or by setable
time control.
Siemens SIP · 2008
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Protection functions
Directional overcurrent protection, ground
(ANSI 67N)
Directional ground protection is a separate
function. It operates in parallel to the nondirectional ground overcurrent elements.
Their pickup values and delay times can be
set separately. Definite-time and inversetime characteristics are offered. The tripping characteristic can be rotated by
± 180 degrees.
For ground protection, users can choose
whether the direction is to be calculated
using the zero-sequence or negativesequence system quantities (selectable).
If the zero-sequence voltage tends to be
very low due to the zero-sequence impedance it will be better to use the negativesequence quantities.
Fig. 12/9
Directional determination
using cosine measurements
for compensated networks
(Sensitive) directional ground-fault detection (ANSI 64, 67Ns, 67N)
For isolated-neutral and compensated networks, the direction of power flow in the
zero sequence is calculated from the zerosequence current I0 and zero-sequence
voltage V0.
For networks with an isolated neutral, the
reactive current component is evaluated;
for compensated networks, the active current component or residual resistive current is evaluated. For special network
conditions, e.g. high-resistance grounded
networks with ohmic-capacitive
ground-fault current or low-resistance
grounded networks with ohmic-inductive
current, the tripping characteristics can be
rotated approximately ± 45 degrees.
Two modes of ground-fault direction
detection can be implemented: tripping
or “signalling only mode”.
It has the following functions:
• TRIP via the displacement voltage VE.
• Two instantaneous elements or one
instantaneous plus one user-defined
characteristic.
(Sensitive) ground-fault detection
(ANSI 50Ns, 51Ns / 50N, 51N)
For high-resistance grounded networks, a
sensitive input transformer is connected
to a phase-balance neutral current transformer (also called core-balance CT).
The function can also be operated in the
normal mode as an additional shortcircuit protection for neutral or residual
ground protection.
Phase-balance current protection (ANSI 46)
(Negative-sequence protection)
Breaker failure protection (ANSI 50BF)
If a faulted portion of the electrical circuit
is not disconnected when a trip command
is issued to a circuit-breaker, another trip
command can be initiated using the breaker
failure protection which trips the circuitbreaker of an upstream feeder. Breaker failure is detected if, after a trip command is
issued and the current keeps on flowing into
the faulted circuit. It is also possible to make
use of the circuit-breaker position contacts
(52a or 52b) for indication as opposed to
the current flowing through the circuitbreaker.
By measuring current on the high side of
the transformer, the two-element phasebalance current/negative-sequence protection detects high-resistance phase-to-phase
faults and phase-to-ground faults on the
low side of a transformer (e.g. Dy 5 or
Delta/Star 150 deg.). This function provides
backup protection for high-resistance faults
through the transformer.
12
• Each element can be set to forward,
reverse or non-directional.
• The function can also be operated in
the insensitive mode as an additional
short-circuit protection.
Siemens SIP · 2008
12/13
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Protection functions
Flexible protection functions
The 7SK80 enables the user to easily add
up to 20 additional protective functions.
Parameter definitions are used to link
standard protection logic with any chosen
characteristic quantity (measured or calculated quantity) (Fig. 12/10). The standard
logic consists of the usual protection elements such as the pickup set point, the set
delay time, the TRIP command, a block
function, etc. The mode of operation for
current, voltage, power and power factor
quantities can be three-phase or singlephase. Almost all quantities can be operated with ascending or descending pickup
stages (e.g. under and over voltage). All
stages operate with protection priority.
Protection functions/stages available are
based on the available measured analog
quantities:
Function
ANSI No.
I<
37
I>, IE>
50, 50N
V<, V>, VE>
27, 59, 64
3I0>, I1>, I2>, I2/I1
3V0>, V1><, V2><
50N, 46
59N, 47
P><, Q><
32
cos ϕ (p.f.)><
55
f><
81O, 81U
df/dt><
81R
For example, the following can be implemented:
• Reverse power protection (ANSI 32R)
• Rate-of-frequency-change protection
(ANSI 81R)
12
12/14
Fig. 12/10 Flexible protection functions
Trip circuit supervision (ANSI 74TC)
One or two binary inputs can be used for
monitoring the circuit-breaker trip coil
including its incoming cables. An alarm
signal occurs whenever the circuit is generated. The circuit breaker trip coil is monitored in the open and closed position.
Interlocking features can be implemented
to ensure that the beaker can only be closed
if the trip coil is functional.
Lockout (ANSI 86)
All binary output statuses can be memorized. The LED reset key is used to reset
the lockout state. The lockout state is also
stored in the event of supply voltage failure. Reclo- sure can only occur after the
lockout state is reset.
Thermal overload protection (ANSI 49)
To protect cables and transformers, an
overload protection function with an
integrated warning/alarm element for
temperature and current can be used.
The temperature is calculated using a
thermal homogeneous body model
(per IEC 60255-8), it considers the energy
entering the equipment and the energy
losses. The calculated temperature is constantly adjusted according to the calculated
losses. The function considers loading history and fluctuations in load.
Protection of motors require an additional
time constant. This is used to accurately
determine the thermal heating of the stator
during the running and motor stopped conditions. The ambient temperature or the
temperature of the coolant can be detected
either through internal RTD inputs or via
an external RTD-box. The thermal replica
of the overload function is automatically
adapted to the ambient conditions. If neither internal RTD inputs nor an external
RTD-box exist, it is assumed that the ambient temperatures are constant.
Settable dropout delay times
If the relays are used in conjunction with
electromechanical relays, in networks with
intermittent faults, the long dropout times
of the electromechanical relay (several
hundred milliseconds) can lead to problems in terms of time coordination/grading. Proper time coordination/grading is
only possible if the dropout or reset time is
approximately the same. This is why the
parameter for dropout or reset times can
be defined for certain functions such as
time-overcurrent protection, ground
short-circuit and phase-balance current
protection.
Siemens SIP · 2008
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Protection functions
n Motor protection
Restart inhibit (ANSI 66/86)
If a motor is subjected to many successive
starts, the rotor windings or rotor bars can
be heated up to a point were the electrical
connections between the rotor bars and the
end rings are damaged. As it is not possible
to physically measure the heat of the rotor
we need to determine the heat by measuring the current the rotor is drawing
through the stator to excite the rotor. A
thermal replica of the rotor is established
using a I2t curve. The restart inhibit will
block the user from starting the motor if the
relay determined that the rotor reached a
temperature that will damage the rotor
should a start be attempted. The relay will
thus only allow a restart if the rotor has a
sufficient thermal reserve to start (Fig. 12/11).
Fig. 12/11
Emergency start-up
If the relay determines that a restart of the
motor is not allowed, the relay will issue a
block signal to the closing command, effectively blocking any attempt to start the motor. The emergency startup will defeat this
block signal if activated through a binary
input. The thermal replica can also be reset
to allow an emergency restart of the motor.
Temperature monitoring (ANSI 38)
The relay can be applied with 5 internal
RTDs. Two RTDs can be applied to each
bearing (the cause of 50% of typical motor
failures). The remaining RTD is used to
measure the ambient temperature. Stator
temperature is calculated in by the current
flowing through the stator windings. Up
to 12 RTDs can be applied using external
RTD modules. The RTDs can also be used
to monitor the thermal status of transformers or other pieces of primary equipment. (see “Accessories” , page 12/26).
Starting time supervision/Locked rotor
protection (ANSI 48/14)
Starting time supervision protects the motor against unwanted prolonged starts that
might occur in the event of excessive load
torque or excessive voltage drops within
the motor, or if the rotor is locked. Rotor
temperature is calculated from measured
stator current. The tripping time is calculated according to the following equation:
for I > IMOTOR START
2
I
t = ⎛⎜ A ⎞⎟ ⋅ TA
⎝ I⎠
I
= Actual current flowing
IMOTOR START = Pickup current to detect a
motor start
t
= Tripping time
IA
= Rated motor starting current
TA
= Tripping time at rated motor
starting current
The relay equation is optimally adapted
based on the state of the motor. The value
applied on TA is dependant on the state of
the motor, cold or warm. This warm or
cold state of the motor is determined by
the thermal model of the rotor.
Because the flow of current is the cause of
the heating of the motor windings, this
equation will accurately calculate the starting supervision time. The accuracy will not
be affected by reduced terminal voltage
that could cause a prolonged start. The trip
time is an inverse current dependant characteristic (I2t).
Block rotor can also be detected using a
speed sensor connected to a binary input
of the relay. If activated it will cause an instantaneous trip.
Load jam protection (ANSI 51M)
Load jam is activated when a sudden high
load is applied to the motor because of mechanical failure of a pump for example. The
sudden rise in current is detected by this
function and can initiate an alarm or a trip.
The overload function is too slow and thus
not suitable.
Phase-balance current protection (ANSI 46)
(Negative-sequence protection)
If a rotating flux is set up in the stator that
turns in the opposite direction of rotation
of the rotor. This flux will cause eddy currents in surface of the rotor bars and subsequently heat will be generated causing the
rotor to heat up. This unwanted rotating
flux is caused if the supply voltage are unsymmetrical. This unsymmetrical supply
will cause a negative sequence current to
flow causing a rotating flux in the opposite
direction to the machine rotation.
Undercurrent monitoring (ANSI 37)
A sudden drop in current, which can occur
due to a reduced load, is detected with this
function. This may be due to shaft that breaks,
no-load operation of pumps or fan failure.
Motor statistics
Essential statistical information is saved by
the relay during a start. This includes the
duration, current and voltage. The relay will
also provide data on the number of starts,
total operating time, total down time, etc.
This data is saved as statistics in the relay.
Siemens SIP · 2008
12/15
12
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Protection functions
n Voltage protection
Overvoltage protection (ANSI 59)
The two-element overvoltage protection
detects unwanted network and machine
overvoltage conditions. The function can
operate either with phase-to-phase, phaseto-ground, positive phase-sequence or
negative phase-sequence voltage. Threephase and single-phase connections are
possible.
Undervoltage protection (ANSI 27)
The two-element undervoltage protection
provides protection against dangerous
voltage drops (especially for electric machines). Applications include the isolation
of generators or motors from the network
to avoid undesired operating conditions
and a possible loss of stability. Proper operating conditions of electrical machines are
best evaluated with the positive-sequence
quantities. The protection function is active over a wide frequency range (45 to 55,
55 to 65 Hz). Even when falling below this
frequency range the function continues to
work, however, with a decrease in accuracy.
The function can operate either with
phase-to-phase, phase-to-ground or positive phase-sequence voltage, and can be
monitored with a current criterion.
Three-phase and single-phase connections
are possible.
Frequency protection (ANSI 81O/U)
12
Frequency protection can be used for overfrequency and underfrequency protection.
Electric machines and parts of the system
are protected from unwanted frequency
deviations. Unwanted frequency changes
in the network can be detected and the
load can be removed at a specified frequency setting.
Frequency protection can be used over
a wide frequency range (40 to 60 (for
50 Hz), 50 to 70 (for 60 Hz). There are
four elements (individually set as overfrequency, underfrequency or OFF) and each
element can be delayed separately. Blocking of the frequency protection can be performed by activating a binary input or by
using an undervoltage element.
12/16
Customized functions (ANSI 51V, etc.)
Switching authority
Additional functions, which are not time
critical, can be implemented using the CFC
measured values. Typical functions include
reverse power, voltage controlled overcurrent, phase angle detection, and zerosequence voltage detection.
Switching authority is determined by set
parameters or through communications to
the relay. If a source is set to “LOCAL”,
only local switching operations are possible. The following sequence for switching
authority is available: “LOCAL”; DIGSI
PC program, “REMOTE”.
Control and automatic functions
Control
In addition to the protection functions, the
SIPROTEC Compact units also support all
control and monitoring functions that are
required for operating medium-voltage or
high-voltage substations.
The main application is reliable control of
switching and other processes.
The status of primary equipment or auxiliary devices can be obtained from auxiliary
contacts and communicated to the 7SK80
via binary inputs. Therefore it is possible
to detect and indicate both the OPEN and
CLOSED position or a fault or intermediate circuit-breaker or auxiliary contact position.
The switchgear or circuit-breaker can be
controlled via:
– integrated operator panel
– binary inputs
– substation control and protection system
– DIGSI 4
Automation / user-defined logic
With integrated logic, the user can create,
through a graphic interface (CFC), specific
functions for the automation of switchgear
or a substation. Functions are activated
using function keys, binary input or
through the communication interface.
There is thus no need to have a separate
Local/Remote switch wired to the breaker
coils and relay. The local/remote selection
can be done using a function key on the
front of the relay.
Command processing
This relay is designed to be easily integrated
into a SCADA or control system. Security
features are standard and all the functionality of command processing is offered.
This includes the processing of single and
double commands with or without feedback, sophisticated monitoring of the control hardware and software, checking of
the external process, control actions using
functions such as runtime monitoring and
automatic command termination after
output. Here are some typical applications:
• Single and double commands using 1,
1 plus 1 common or 2 trip contacts
• User-definable bay interlocks
• Operating sequences combining several
switching operations such as control of
circuit-breakers, disconnectors and
grounding switches
• Triggering of switching operations,
indications or alarm by combination with
existing information
Assignment of feedback to command
The positions of the circuit-breaker or
switching devices and transformer taps are
acquired through feedback. These indication inputs are logically assigned to the
corresponding command outputs. The
unit can therefore distinguish whether the
indication change is a result of switching
operation or whether it is an undesired
spontaneous change of state.
Siemens SIP · 2008
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Further functions
Measured values
The r.m.s. values are calculated from the
acquired current and voltage along with
the power factor, frequency, active and
reactive power. The following functions
are available for measured value processing:
• Currents IL1, IL2, IL3, IE, IEE (67Ns)
• Voltages VL1, VL2, VL3, VL1L2, VL2L3, VL3L1
• Symmetrical components
I1, I2, 3I0; V1, V2, V0
• Power Watts, Vars, VA/P, Q, S
(P, Q: total and phase selective)
• Power factor (cos ϕ),
(total and phase selective)
• Frequency
Fig. 12/12 CB switching cycle diagram
• Energy ± kWh, ± kVarh, forward and
reverse power flow
Chatter disable
• Mean as well as minimum and maximum
current and voltage values
The chatter disable feature evaluates
whether, in a set period of time, the number of status changes of indication input
exceeds a specified number. If exceeded,
the indication input is blocked for a certain
period, so that the event list will not record
excessive operations.
Indication filtering and delay
Binary indications can be filtered or delayed.
Filtering serves to suppress brief changes in
potential at the indication input. The indication is passed on only if the indication
voltage is still present after a set period of
time. In the event of an indication delay,
there is a delay for a preset time. The information is passed on only if the indication
voltage is still present after this time.
Indication derivation
User-definable indications can be derived
from individual or a group of indications.
These grouped indications are of great
value to the user that need to minimize the
number of indications sent to the system
or SCADA interface.
• Operating hours counter
• Mean operating temperature of the overload function
• Limit value monitoring
Limit values can be monitored using programmable logic in the CFC. Commands
can be derived from this limit value indication.
• Zero suppression
In a certain range of very low measured
values, the value is set to zero to suppress
interference.
Metered values
For internal metering, the unit can calculate an energy metered value from the
measured current and voltage values. If an
external meter with a metering pulse output is available, the 7SK80 can obtain and
process metering pulses through an indication input.
The metered values can be displayed and
passed on to a control center as an accumulated value with reset. A distinction is
made between forward, reverse, active and
reactive energy.
Circuit-breaker wear monitoring
Methods for determining circuit-breaker
contact wear or the remaining service life
of a circuit-breaker (CB) allow CB maintenance intervals to be aligned to their actual
degree of wear. The benefit lies in reduced
maintenance costs.
Siemens SIP · 2008
There is no exact mathematical method to
calculate the wear or the remaining service
life of a circuit-breaker that takes arcchamber’s physical conditions into account
when the CB opens. This is why various
methods of determining CB wear have
evolved which reflect the different operator
philosophies. To do justice to these, the
relay offers several methods:
•
I
• Σ I x, with x = 1... 3
• Σ i 2t
The devices also offer a new method for
determining the remaining service life:
• Two-point method
The CB manufacturers double-logarithmic
switching cycle diagram (see Fig. 12/12) and
the breaking current at the time of contact
opening serve as the basis for this method.
After CB opening, the two-point method
calculates the remaining number of possible
switching cycles. Two points P1 and P2 only
have to be set on the device. These are specified in the CB’s technical data.
All of these methods are phase-selective
and a limit value can be set in order to obtain an alarm if the actual value falls below
or exceeds the limit value during determination of the remaining service life.
Commissioning
Commissioning could not be easier and
is supported by DIGSI 4. The status of
the binary inputs can be read individually
and the state of the binary outputs can be
set individually. The operation of switching elements (circuit-breakers, disconnect
devices) can be checked using the switching functions of the relay. The analog
measured values are represented as wideranging operational measured values. To
prevent transmission of information to
the control center during maintenance,
the communications can be disabled to
prevent unnecessary data from being transmitted. During commissioning, all indications with test tag for test purposes can be
connected to a control and protection
system.
Test operation
During commissioning, all indications can
be passed to a control system for test purposes.
12/17
12
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Communication
System interface protocols (retrofittable)
IEC 61850 protocol
The relay offers flexibility with reference to
its communication to substation automation systems and industrial SCADA or
DCS systems. The communication module
firmware can be changed to communicate
using another protocol or the modules can
be changed completely for a different connection or protocol. It will thus be possible
to move to future communication protocols like popular Ethernet based protocols
with ease.
USB interface
There is an USB interface on the front of
the relay. All the relay functions can be
set using a PC and DIGSI 4 protection
operation program. Commissioning tools
and fault analysis are built into the DIGSI
program and are used through this interface.
Interfaces
A number of communication modules
suitable for various applications can be
fitted at the bottom of the housing. The
modules can be easily replaced by the user.
The interface modules support the following applications:
IEC 60870-5-103 protocol
The IEC 60870-5-103 protocol is an international standard for the transmission of
protective data and fault recordings. All
messages from the unit and also control
commands can be transferred by means of
published, Siemens-specific extensions to
the protocol. As a further option a redundant IEC 60870-5-103 module is available
as well. With the redundant module it will
be possible to read and change single
parameters.
Fig. 12/13
IEC 60870-5-103: Radial fiber-optic connection
PROFIBUS-DP protocol
PROFIBUS-DP is a widespread protocol
in industrial automation. Through
PROFIBUS-DP, SIPROTEC units make
their information available to a SIMATIC
controller or receive commands from a
central SIMATIC controller or PLC.
Measured values can also be transferred
to a PLC master.
MODBUS RTU protocol
This simple, serial protocol is mainly
used in industry and by power utilities, and
is supported by a number of relay manufacturers. SIPROTEC units function as
MODBUS slaves, making their information available to a master or receiving information from it. A time-stamped event
list is available.
Fig. 12/14
Bus structure for station bus with Ethernet and
IEC 61850, fiber-optic ring
LSP2810.tif
12
• System/service interface
Communication with a central control
system takes place through this interface.
Radial or ring type station bus topologies
can be configured depending on the chosen interface. Furthermore, the units can
exchange data through this interface via
Ethernet and the IEC 61850 protocol and
can also be accessed using DIGSI.
Alternatively up to two external temperature monitoring boxes with a total of 12
measuring sensors can be connected to
the system/service interface.
• Ethernet interface
The Ethernet interface was implemented
for fast access to a number of protection
units using DIGSI. It is also possible to
connect up to two external temperature
monitoring boxes (RTD-box for
Ethernet) with a total of 12 measuring
sensors to the Ethernet interface.
Since 2004, the Ethernet-based IEC 61850
protocol is a global standard for protection
and control systems used by power utilities. Siemens was the first manufacturer to
implement this standard. This protocol
makes peer-to-peer communication possible. It is thus possible to set up masterless
systems to perform interlocking or transfer
schemes. Configuration is done using
DIGSI.
Fig. 12/15
Optical Ethernet communication module
for IEC 61850 with integrated Ethernet-switch
12/18
Siemens SIP · 2008
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Communication
DNP 3.0 protocol
Power utilities use the serial DNP 3.0 (Distributed Network Protocol) for the station
and network control levels. SIPROTEC
units function as DNP slaves, supplying
their information to a master system or
receiving information from it.
System solutions for protection and station
control
Units featuring IEC 60870-5-103 interfaces
can be connected to SICAM in parallel via
the RS485 bus or radially by fiber-optic
link. Through this interface, the system is
open for the connection to other manufacturers systems (see Fig. 12/13).
Because of the standardized interfaces,
SIPROTEC units can also be integrated
into systems of other manufacturers or in
SIMATIC. Electrical RS485 or optical interfaces are available. The best physical
data transfer medium can be chosen thanks
to opto-electrical converters. Thus, the
RS485 bus allows low-cost wiring in the
cubicles and an interference-free optical
connection to the master can be established.
Fig. 12/16
System solution/communication
For IEC 61850, an interoperable system solution is offered with SICAM. Through the
100 Mbits/s Ethernet bus, the units are
linked with SICAM electrically or optically
to the station PC. The interface is standardized, thus also enabling direct connection to relays of other manufacturers and
into the Ethernet bus. With IEC 61850,
however, the relays can also be used in
other manufacturers’ systems (see Fig. 12/14).
12
Fig. 12/17
Connection of two RTD units to 7SK80 using Ethernet
Siemens SIP · 2008
12/19
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Typical connections
n Connection of current
and voltage transformers
Standard connection
For grounded networks, the ground current is obtained from the phase currents by
the residual current circuit.
Fig. 12/18
Residual current
circuit without directional element
Fig. 12/19
Sensitive groundcurrent detection
without directional
element
12
Fig. 12/20
Residual current
circuit with directional element (no
directional element
for phase)
12/20
Siemens SIP · 2008
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Typical connections
Connection for compensated networks
The figure shows the connection of two
phase-to-ground voltages and the VE voltage of the broken delta winding and a
phase-balance neutral current transformer
for the ground current. This connection
maintains maximum precision for directional ground-fault detection and must
be used in compensated networks.
Fig. 12/21
Sensitive directional
ground-fault detection (no directional
element for phase)
Fig. 12/22 shows sensitive directional
ground-fault detection.
Fig. 12/22
Sensitive directional
ground-fault detection
Connection for all networks
The figure shows the connection to three
current transformers and two voltage
transformers in V-connection. Directional
ground overcurrent protection is not possible since the displacement voltage cannot
be calculated.
12
Fig. 12/23
Residual current
circuit with voltage
functions (no directional element for
phase)
Siemens SIP · 2008
12/21
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Typical applications
Overview of connection types
Type of network
Function
Current connection
Voltage connection
(Low-resistance) grounded network
Time-overcurrent protection
phase/ground non-directional
Residual circuit, with 3 phase-current
transformers required, phase-balance
neutral current transformer possible
–
(Low-resistance) grounded networks
Sensitive ground-fault protection
Phase-balance neutral current
transformers required
–
Isolated or compensated networks
Time-overcurrent protection
phases non-directional
Residual circuit, with 3 or 2 phase
current transformers possible
–
(Low-resistance) grounded networks
Time-overcurrent protection
phases directional
Residual circuit, with 3 phase-current
transformers possible
Phase-to-ground connection or
phase-to-phase connection
Isolated or compensated networks
Time-overcurrent protection
phases directional
Residual circuit, with 3 or 2 phasecurrent transformers possible
Phase-to-ground connection or
phase-to-phase connection
(Low-resistance) grounded networks
Time-overcurrent protection
ground directional
Residual circuit, with 3 phase-current
transformers required, phase-balance
neutral current transformers possible
Phase-to-ground connection
required
Isolated networks
Sensitive ground-fault
protection
Residual circuit, if ground current
> 0.05 IN on secondary side, otherwise phase-balance neutral current
transformers required
3 times phase-to-ground connection
or phase-to-ground connection with
broken delta winding
Compensated networks
Sensitive ground-fault protection
cos ϕ measurement
Phase-balance neutral current
transformers required
3 times phase-to-ground connection
or phase-to-ground connection with
broken delta winding
12
12/22
Siemens SIP · 2008
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Technical data
General unit data
Binary inputs
Analog current inputs
Type
7SK801/803/805/806 7SK802/804
Rated frequency fN
50 or 60 Hz (adjustable)
Number (marshallable)
3
Rated current Inom
1 or 5 A
Rated voltage range
24 to 250 V DC
Ground current, sensitive INs
w 1.6 · Inom linear range1)
Burden per phase and ground path
at Inom = 1 A
at Inom = 5 A
for sensitive ground fault
detection at 1 A
Current input, energized
Approx. 0.4 mA
(independent of the control voltage)
Approx. 0.05 VA
Approx. 0.3 VA
Approx. 0.05 VA
Secured switching thresholds
Load capacity current path
Thermal (rms)
Dynamic (peak value)
Loadability input for sensitive
ground-fault detection INs 1)
Thermal (rms)
Dynamic (peak value)
500 A for 1 s
150 A for 10 s
20 A continuous
1250 A (half-cycle)
300 A for 1 s
100 A for 10 s
15 A continuous
750 A (half-cycle)
34 – 220 V
Measuring range
0 to 200 V
Burden at 100 V
Approx. 0.005 VA
Overload capacity in voltage path
Thermal (rms)
230 V continuous
Auxiliary voltage
DC voltage
Voltage supply via an integrated converter
Rated auxiliary voltage Vaux
DC
24 to 48 V
60 to 250 V
Permissible voltage ranges
DC
19 to 60 V
48 to 300 V
AC ripple voltage, peak-to-peak,
IEC 60255-11
≤ 15 % of the auxiliary
voltage
Power input
Quiescent
Energized
Approx. 5 W
Approx. 12 W
Bridging time for failure/short-circuit,
IEC 60255-11 (in the quiescent state)
W 50 ms at V W 110 V DC
W 10 ms at V < 110 V DC
V high > 19 V DC
V low < 10 V DC
for rated voltages
110 to 250 V DC
V high > 88 V DC
V low < 44 V DC
for rated voltages
220 and 250 V DC
V high > 176 V DC
V low < 88 V DC
Maximum permissible voltage
300 V DC
Input interference suppression
220 V DC across 220 nF at a recovery
time between two switching operations W 60 ms
Type
7SK801/803/805/806 7SK802/804
NO contact
3
NO/NC selectable
2 (+ 1 live contact 2 (+ 1 live contact
not allocatable) not allocatable)
6
Switching capability
MAKE
Max. 1000 W/VA
Switching capability
BREAK
40 W or 30 VA at L/R ≤ 40 ms
Switching voltage
250 V DC/AC
Admissible current per contact
(continuous)
5A
Permissible current per contact
(close and hold)
30 A for 1 s (NO contact)
Electrical tests
Specification
IEC 60255 (product standard)
ANSI/ IEEE C37.90 see individual
functions
VDE 0435
for more standards see also
individual functions
Insulation tests
Voltage supply via an integrated converter
Standards
Rated auxiliary voltage Vaux
AC
115 V
230 V
Permissible voltage ranges
AC
92 to 132 V
184 to 265 V
Bridging time for failure/short-circuit
(in the quiescent state)
for rated voltages
24 to 125 V DC
Standards
AC voltage
Power input (at 115 V AC/230 V AC)
Quiescent
Energized
(adjustable)
Output relay
Analog voltage inputs
Rated voltage
7
Approx. 5 VA
Approx. 12 VA
W 10 ms at V = 115/230 V AC
IEC 60255-27 and IEC 60870-2-1
High-voltage test (routine test)
2.5 kV, 50 Hz
All circuits except power supply,
binary inputs, communication interface and time synchronization
interfaces
High-voltage test (routine test)
3.5 kV DC
Auxiliary voltage and binary inputs
High-voltage test (routine test)
Only isolated communication
interfaces (A and B)
500 V, 50 Hz
Impulse voltage test (type test)
6 kV (peak value); 1.2/50 µs; 0.5 J;
All process circuits (except commu- 3 positive and 3 negative impulses at
nication interfaces) against the inter- intervals of 1 s
nal electronics
1) Only in models with input for sensitive ground-fault detection
(see ordering data)
Siemens SIP · 2008
Technical Data page 1
12
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Technical data
Insulation tests (cont'd)
Impulse voltage test (type test)
5 kV (peak value); 1.2/50 µs; 0.5 J;
All process circuits (except commu- 3 positive and 3 negative impulses at
nication interfaces) against each
intervals of 1 s
other and against the productive
conductor terminal class III
Shock
IEC 60255-21-2, class I;
IEC 60068-2-27
Semi-sinusoidal
5 g acceleration, duration 11 ms; each
3 shocks (in both directions of 3 axes)
Seismic vibration
IEC 60255-21-3, class II;
IEC 60068-3-3
Sinusoidal
1 to 8 Hz: ± 7.5 mm amplitude
(horizontal axis)
1 to 8 Hz: ± 3.5 mm amplitude
(vertical axis)
8 to 35 Hz: 2 g acceleration
(horizontal axis)
8 to 35 Hz: 1 g acceleration
(vertical axis)
Frequency sweep 1 octave/min
1 cycle in 3 orthogonal axes
EMC tests for immunity; type tests
Standards
IEC 60255-6 and -22
(product standard)
IEC/EN 61000-6-2
VDE 0435
For more standards see individual
functions
1 MHz check, class III
IEC 60255-22-1; IEC 6100-4-18;
IEEE C37.90.1
2.5 kV (peak); 1 MHz;
τ =15 µs; 400 surges per s;
test duration 2 s; Ri = 200 Ω
During transportation
Standards
IEC 60255-21 and IEC 60068
Electrostatic discharge, class IV
IEC 60255-22-2
and IEC 61000-4-2
8 kV contact discharge;
15 kV air discharge;
both polarities; 150 pF; Ri = 330 Ω
Vibration
IEC 60255-21-1, class II;
IEC 60068-2-6
Radio frequency electromagnetic
field, amplitude-modulated, class III
IEC 60255-22-3; or IEC 61000-4-3
10 V/m; 80 MHz to 2.7 GHz;
80 % AM; 1 kHz
Sinusoidal
5 to 8 Hz: ± 7.5 mm amplitude
8 to 150 Hz; 2 g acceleration
Frequency sweep 1 octave/min
20 cycles in 3 orthogonal axes
Fast transient disturbance variables/
burst, class IV
IEC 60255-22-4 and
IEC 61000-4-4, IEEE C37.90.1
4 kV; 5/50 ns; 5 kHz;
burst length = 15 ms;
repetition rate 300 ms; both polarities;
Ri = 50 Ω; test duration 1 min
Shock
IEC 60255-21-2, class I;
IEC 60068-2-27
Semi-sinusoidal
15 g acceleration, duration 11 ms,
each 3 shocks (in both directions
of the 3 axes)
High-energy surge voltages
(SURGE), Installation class 3
IEC 60255-22-5; IEC 61000-4-5
Auxiliary voltage
Impulse: 1.2/50 µs
Continuous shock
IEC 60255-21-2, class I;
IEC 60068-2-29
Semi-sinusoidal
10 g acceleration, duration 16 ms,
each 1000 shocks (in both directions
of the 3 axes)
Common mode: 4 kV; 12 Ω; 9 µF
Diff. mode: 1 kV; 2 Ω; 18 µF
Climatic stress tests
Measuring inputs, binary inputs
and relay outputs
Common mode: 4 kV; 42 Ω; 0.5 µF
Diff. mode: 1 kV; 42 Ω; 0.5 µF
HF on lines, amplitude-modulated,
class III; IEC 60255-22-6;
IEC 61000-4-6,
10 V; 150 kHz to 80 MHz;
80 % AM; 1 kHz
Power system frequency magnetic
field
IEC 61000-4-8, class IV
30 A/m continuous; 300 A/m for 3 s
Standards
IEC 60255-6
Type test (in acc. with IEC 60068-2-1 –25 °C to +85 °C or –13 °F to +185 °F
and -2, Test Bd for 16 h)
Permissible temporary operating
temperature (tested for 96 h)
–20 °C to +70 °C or –4 °F to +158 °F
(clearness of the display may be
impaired from +55 °C or +131 °F)
Recommended for permanent
–5 °C to +55 °C or +23 °F to +131 °F
operation (in acc. with IEC 60255-6)
Radiated electromagnetic interference 20 V/m; 80 MHz to 1 GHz;
ANSI/IEEE C37.90.2
80 % AM; 1 kHz
Damped oscillations IEC 61000-4-18 2.5 (peak value)
100 kHz; 40 pulses per s;
test duration 2 s; Ri = 200 Ω
12
Temperatures
Limit temperatures for storage
–25 °C to +55 °C or –13 °F to +131 °F
Limit temperatures for transport
–25 °C to +70 °C or –13 °F to +158 °F
Storage and transport with factory packaging
EMC tests for noise emission; type tests
Humidity
Standard
IEC/EN 61000-6-4
Permissible humidity
Radio noise voltage to lines, only
auxiliary voltage IEC/CISPR 11
150 kHz to 30 MHz, limit class A
Interference field strength
IEC/CISPR 11
30 to 1000 MHz, limit class A
Mean value per year w 75 % relative
humidity; on 56 days of the year up to
93 % relative humidity; condensation
must be avoided!
It is recommended that all devices be installed such that they are not exposed to direct sunlight, nor subject to large fluctuations in temperature
that may cause condensation to occur.
Mechanical stress tests
Unit design
Vibration, shock stress and seismic vibration
During stationary operation
Standards
IEC 60255-21 and IEC 60068
Oscillation
IEC 60255-21-1, class II;
IEC 60068-2-6
Sinusoidal
10 to 60 Hz: ± 0.075 mm amplitude;
60 to 150 Hz: 1 g acceleration
Frequency sweep rate 1 octave/min
20 cycles in 3 orthogonal axes
Type
7SK80**-*B
Housing
7XP20
Dimensions
See dimension drawings
Housing width
1/6
Weight in kg
Surface-mounting
Flush-mounting
4.5 kg (9.9 lb)
4 kg (8.8 lb)
Technical Data page 2
7SK80**-*/E
1/6
Siemens SIP · 2008
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Technical data
Unit design (cont'd)
System interface
Degree of protection
acc. to EN 60529
IEC 60870-5-103 protocol, single (continued)
Fiber optic
For equipment in the
surface-mounting housing
IP 50
For equipment in the
flush-mounting housing
Front IP 51
Back IP 50
For operator protection
IP 2x for current terminal
IP 1x for voltage terminal
Degree of pollution, IEC 60255-27
2
Connection fiber-optic cable
ST connector
Terminal
At the bottom part of the housing,
mounting location “B”
Optical wavelength
λ = 820 nm
Permissible path attenuation
Max. 8 dB, for glass fiber 62.5/125 µm
Bridgeable distance
Max. 1.5 km/0.9 miles
IEC 60870-5-103 protocol, redundant
Communication interfaces
RS485, isolated
Operating interface (front of unit)
Terminal
At the bottom part of the housing,
mounting location “B”, RJ45 socket
Terminal
USB, type B
Transmission speed
Up to 12 Mbit/s
Test voltage
500 V/50 Hz
5m
Transmission rate
Min. 2400 Bd, max. 57600 Bd;
factory setting 19200 Bd
Bridgeable distance RS485
Max. 1 km/3300 ft
Bridgeable distance
Ethernet service interface (Port A)
Ethernet electrical for DIGSI or RTD box
IEC 61850 protocol
Operation
With DIGSI
Terminal
At the bottom part of the housing,
mounting location “A”, RJ45 socket,
100BaseT in acc. with IEEE 802.3
LED yellow: 10/100 Mbit/s (ON/OFF)
LED green: connection/no connection
(ON/OFF)
Test voltage
500 V/50 Hz
Transmission speed
Bridgeable distance
Ethernet, electrical (EN100) for IEC 61850 and DIGSI
Terminal
At the bottom part of the housing,
mounting location “B”, two RJ45
connectors, 100BaseT in acc. with
IEEE 802.3
Test voltage
500 V/50 Hz
Transmission rate
100 Mbit/s
10/100 Mbit/s
Bridgeable distance
Max. 20 m/65.6 ft
20 m (66 ft)
Ethernet, optical (EN100) for IEC 61850 and DIGSI
Service interface for DIGSI 4/modem (Port B)
Terminal
Isolated RS 232/RS 485
Terminal
At the bottom part of the housing,
mounting location “B”, ST connector,
100BaseT in acc. with IEEE 802.3
At the bottom part of the housing,
9-pin subminiature connector
(SUB-D)
Transmission rate
100 Mbit/s
Optical wavelength
λ = 1300 nm
Test voltage
500 V/50 Hz
Bridgeable distance
Max. 2 km/1.24 miles
Transmission rate
Min. 1200 Bd, max. 115200 Bd
PROFIBUS DP
Bridgeable distance RS232
Max. 15 m/49.2 ft
RS485, isolated
Bridgeable distance RS485
Max. 1 km/3300 ft
Terminal
At the bottom part of the housing,
ST connector
At the bottom part of the housing,
mounting location “B”, 9-pin
subminiature connector (SUB-D)
Test voltage
500 V/50 Hz
Optical wavelength
λ = 820 nm
Transmission rate
Up to 1.5 Mbaud
Permissible path attenuation
Max. 8 dB, for glass fiber 62.5/125 µm
Bridgeable distance
Bridgeable distance
Max. 1.5 km/0.9 miles
1000 m/3300 ft w 93.75 kbaud;
500 m/1640 ft w 187.5 kbaud;
200 m/656 ft w 1.5 Mbaud
Fiber optic (FO)
Terminal
System interface (Port B)
Fiber optic
IEC 60870-5-103 protocol, single
Connection fiber-optic cable
ST connector, double ring
RS 232/RS 485
Terminal
At the bottom part of the housing,
mounting location “B”, 9-pin
subminiature connector (SUB-D)
At the bottom part of the housing,
mounting location “B”
Optical wavelength
λ = 820 nm
Permissible path attenuation
Max. 8 dB, for glass fiber 62.5/125 µm
Test voltage
500 V/50 Hz
Bridgeable distance
Max. 2 km/1.24 miles
Transmission rate
Min. 1200 Bd, max. 115000 Bd,
factory setting 9600 Bd
MODBUS RTU, DNP 3.0
RS485
Terminal
Bridgeable distance RS232
15 m/49.2 ft
Bridgeable distance RS485
1 km/3300 ft
Siemens SIP · 2008
Terminal
At the bottom part of the housing,
mounting location “B”, 9-pin
subminiature connector (SUB-D)
Test voltage
500 V/50 Hz
Technical Data page 3
12
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Technical data
System interface (cont'd)
Transmission rate
Up to 19200 baud
Bridgeable distance
Max. 1 km/3300 ft
Dropout characteristics with
disk emulation
IEC
acc. to IEC 60255-3 or BS 142
Fiber optic
Connection fiber-optic cable
ST connector transmitter/receiver
Terminal
At the bottom part of the housing,
mounting location “B”
Optical wavelength
λ = 820 nm
Permissible path attenuation
Max. 8 dB, for glass fiber 62.5/125 µm
Bridgeable distance
Max. 1.5 km/0.9 miles
Definite-time overcurrent protection (ANSI 50, 50N, 67N)
Operating modes
3-phase (standard) or 2-phase
A (L1) and C (L3)
Number of elements (stages)
50-1, 50-2, 50-3 (I>, I>>, I>>>)
(phases)
50N-1, 50N-2, 50N-3 (IE>, IE>>,
IE>>>) (ground)
0.2 to 175 A or ∞1) (in steps of 0.01 A)
0 to 60 s or ∞ (in steps of 0.01 s)
Dropout delay time 50/50N
TDROPOUT (DO)
0 to 60 s (in steps of 0.01 s)
Times
Pickup times (without inrush
restraint, with inrush restraint
+ 10 ms)
Dropout time
Approx. 30 ms
Approx. 20 ms
Approx. 30 ms
Dropout ratio
Approx. 0.95 for I/Inom W 0.3
Tolerances
Pickup
Delay times T, TDO
3 % of setting value or 75 mA1)
1 % or 10 ms
Inverse-time overcurrent protection (ANSI 51, 51N, 67N)
Operating mode
12
Voltage-independent
Voltage-controlled
Voltage-dependent
Pickup currents 51 (phases)/(IP) 0.5 to 20 A1) (in steps of 0.01 A)
Pickup currents 51N (ground)/(IEp) 0.2 to 20 A1) (in steps of 0.01 A)
Time multiplier T for 51, 51N
0.05 to 3.2 s or ∞ (in steps of 0.01 s)
(IP, IEp) (IEC characteristics)
0.05 to 15 s or ∞ (in steps of 0.01 s)
Time multiplier D for 51, 51N
(ANSI characteristics)
ANSI/IEEE
Tolerances
Pickup/dropout thresholds Ip, IEp
Trip time for 2 w I/Ip w 20
Dropout time for I/Ip w 0.9
Inverse, short inverse, long inverse,
moderately inverse, very inverse,
extremely inverse, definite inverse
Approx. 1.1 · Ip
Approx. 1.05 · Ip setting value for
Ip/Inom W 0.3, corresponds to approx.
0.95 · pickup value
Approx. 0.9 · Ip setting value
3 % of setting value or 75 mA1)
5 % of reference (calculated) value
+ 2 % current tolerance or 30 ms
5 % of reference (calculated) value
+ 2 % current tolerance or 30 ms
Determination of direction for ground faults
Polarization/type
With zero-sequence quantities
3V0, 3I0 or
with negative-sequence quantities
3V2, 3I2
Forward range
Rotation of reference voltage Vref,rot
Vref,rot ± 86 °
–180 ° to 180 ° (in steps of 1 °)
Directional sensitivity
Zero-sequence quantities 3V0, 3I0 VN ≈ 2.5 V displacement voltage,
measured
3V0 ≈ 5 V displacement voltage,
calculated
3V2 ≈ 5 V negative-sequence voltage
Negative-sequence quantities
3V2, 3I2
3I2 ≈ 225 mA negative-sequence
current 1)
Times
Pickup times (without inrush
restraint; with inrush restraint
+ 10 ms) 50-1, 50-2, 50N-1, 50N-2
With twice the setting value
Approx. 45 ms
With ten times the setting value
Approx. 40 ms
Dropout time 50-1, 50-2, 50N-1, 50N-2 Approx. 40 ms
Tolerances
Angle faults for phase and earth
faults
3-phase (standard) or
2-phase A (L1) and C (L3)
Setting ranges
Trip characteristics
IEC
acc. to IEC 60255-3 or BS 142
Dropout setting IEC and ANSI
Without disk emulation
0.5 to 175 A or ∞1) (in steps of 0.01 A)
Delay times T
With twice the setting value
With ten times the setting value
Pickup threshold IEC and ANSI
With disk emulation
Functions
Setup setting ranges
Pickup current
50-1, 50-2, 50-3 (phases)
Pickup current
50N-1, 50N-2, 50N-3 (ground)
ANSI/IEEE
Inverse (type A), very inverse (type B),
extremely inverse (type C),
long inverse (type B)
± 3 ° electrical
Inrush restraint
Controlled functions
Time-overcurrent elements, I>, IE>,
Ip, IEp (directional, non-directional)
50-1, 50N-1, 51, 51N, 67N-1
Lower function limit
At least one phase current
(50 Hz and 100 Hz) W 125 mA for
Inom = 5 A, W 50 mA for Inom = 1 A
Upper function limit (setting range) 0.3 to 25 A1) (in steps of 0.01 A)
Setting range, stabilization factor I2f /I 10 to 45 % (in steps of 1 %)
Inverse (type A), very inverse (type B),
extremely inverse (type C),
long inverse (type B)
Crossblock IA(L1), IB(L2), IC(L3)
ON/OFF
Inverse, short inverse, long inverse,
moderately inverse, very inverse,
extremely inverse, definite inverse
1) At Inom = 1 A, all limits divided by 5.
Technical Data page 4
Siemens SIP · 2008
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Technical data
Cold-load pickup/dynamic setting change
Controllable functions
Time-overcurrent protection
(separated acc. to phases and ground)
Initiation criteria
Current criterion “BkrClosed/MIN”
CB position via aux. contacts,
binary input, auto-reclosure ready
Time control
3 time elements
(TCB Open, TActive, TStop)
Current control
Current threshold “BkrClosed/MIN”
(reset on dropping below threshold;
monitoring with timer)
Setting ranges
Current control
Time until changeover to
dynamic setting TCB Open
Single-phase connection
1)
0.2 to 5 A (in steps of 0.01 A)
0 to 21600 s (= 6 h) (in steps of 1 s)
Period dynamic settings are
effective after a reclosure TActive
1 to 21600 s (= 6 h) (in steps of 1 s)
Fast reset time TStop
1 to 600 s (= 10 min.) or ∞
(fast reset inactive) (in steps of 1 s)
Dynamic settings or pickup currents Adjustable within the same ranges
and time delays or time multipliers and with the same steps (increments)
as the directional and non-directional
time-overcurrent protection
Voltage protection (ANSI 27, 59)
Undervoltages 27-1, 27-2 (V<, V<<)
Measured quantity used with
Three-phase connection
Single-phase connection
Setting ranges
Connection of phase-to-ground
voltage
Connection of phase-to-phase
voltage
Connection of single phase
Dropout ratio2) r
for 27-1, 27-2 (V<, V<<)
Positive-sequence system of the voltages
Lowest phase-to-phase voltage
Lowest phase-to-ground voltage
Connected single-phase-to-ground
voltage
10 to 120 V (in steps of 1 V)
10 to 120 V (in steps of 1 V)
10 to 120 V (in steps of 1 V)
1.01 to 3 (in steps of 0.01)
Dropout threshold for r · 27-1 (V<) Max. 130 V for phase-to-phase voltage
r · 27-2 (V<<) Max. 225 V for phase-to-ground volt.
Hysteresis
Overvoltages 59-1, 59-2 (V>, V>>)
Measured quantity used with
Three-phase connection
Min. 0.6 V
Time delays T27-1(V<), T27-2 (V<<) 0 to 100 s (in steps of 0.01 s)
or ∞ (disabled)
Current criterion “BkrClosed/MIN” 0.02 to 5 A1) (in steps of 0.01 A)
Setting ranges
Connection of phase-to-ground
voltage:
Evaluation of phase-to-ground
voltages
Evaluation of phase-to-phase
voltages
Evaluation of positive-sequence
system
Evaluation of negative-sequence
system
Connection of phase-to-phase
voltages:
Evaluation of phase-to-phase
voltage
Evaluation of positive-sequence
system
Evaluation of negative-sequence
system
Connection single phase
Dropout ratio r
for 59-1, 59-2 (V>, V>>)
Connected single-phase-to-ground
voltage
20 to 150 V (in steps of 1 V)
20 to 260 V (in steps of 1 V)
20 to 150 V (in steps of 1 V)
2 to 150 V (in steps of 1 V)
20 to 150 V (in steps of 1 V)
20 to 150 V (in steps of 1 V)
2 to 150 V (in steps of 1 V)
20 to 150 V (in steps of 1 V)
0.90 to 0.99 (in steps of 0.01 V)
Dropout threshold for r · 59-1 (V>) Max. 150 V for phase-to-phase voltage
r · 59-2 (V>>) Max. 260 V for phase-to-ground volt.
Hysteresis
Min. 0.6 V
Time delay T59-1, T59-2 (V>, V>>) 0 to 100 s (in steps of 0.01 s)
or ∞ (disabled)
Times
Pickup times
Undervoltage 27-1, 27-2 (V<, V<<)
27-1 V1, 27-2 V1
Approx. 50 ms
Overvoltage 59-1, 59-2 (V>, V>>) Approx. 50 ms
Overvoltage 59-1 V1, 59-2 V1,
Approx. 60 ms
59-1 V2, 59-2 V2
Dropout times
Undervoltage 27-1, 27-2 (V<, V<<)
Approx. 50 ms
27-1 V1, 27-2 V1
Overvoltage 59-1, 59-2 (V>, V>>) Approx. 50 ms
Overvoltage 59-1 V1, 59-2 V1,
Approx. 60 ms
59-1 V2, 59-2 V2
Tolerances
Pickup voltage limits
Delay times T
1) At Inom = 1 A, all limits divided by 5. 2) r = Vdropout/Vpickup.
Siemens SIP · 2008
Positive-sequence system of the voltages
Negative-sequence system of the voltages
Highest phase-to-phase voltage
Highest phase-to-ground voltage
Technical Data page 5
3 % of setting value or 1 V
1 % of setting value or 10 ms
12
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Technical data
Negative-sequence protection (ANSI 46)
Times
Pickup times f >, f<
Dropout times f >, f<
Definite-time characteristic (ANSI 46-1 and 46-2)
Setting ranges
Unbalanced load tripping element
46-1, 46-2 (I2>, I2>>)
0.5 to 15 A or ∞ (disabled)1)
(in steps of 0.01 A)
Delay times 46-1, 46-2 (TI2>, TI2>>) 0 to 60 s or ∞ (disabled)1)
(in steps of 0.01 s)
Dropout delay times 46 TDropout
0 to 60 s (in steps of 0.01 s)
Functional limit
All phase currents w 50 A1)
Times
Pickup times
Dropout times
Approx. 35 ms
Approx. 35 ms
Dropout ratio
Characteristic
46-1, 46-2/I2>, I2>>
Tolerances
Pickup values
46-1, 46-2/I2>, I2>>
Delay times
Dropout difference
Δ f = |pickup value – dropout value| 0.02 to 1 Hz
Time multiplier DI2p (ANSI)
Functional limit
Trip characteristics acc. to
IEC
ANSI
Pickup threshold IEC and ANSI
Tolerances
Pickup threshold I2p
Time for 2 w I/I2p w 20
12
1)
3 % of the set value or 75 mA
1 % or 10 ms
0.5 to 10 A1) (in steps of 0.01 A)
0.05 to 3.2 s or ∞ (disabled)
(in steps of 0.01 s)
0.5 to 15 s or ∞ (disabled)
(in steps of 0.01 s)
Delay times T
Undervoltage blocking, with
positive-sequence voltage V1
0.5 to 180 s or disabled (in steps of 0.1 s)
0 to 80 % or disabled (in steps of 1 %)
0.5 to 180 s or disabled (in steps of 0.1 s)
2
⎞
⎛I
t TRIP = ⎜ STARTUP ⎟ ⋅ Tmax. STARTUP
⎝ I rms ⎠
I
Tmax. STARTUP
Approx. 1.10 · I2p
IMOTOR START
1)
3 % of the setting value or 75 mA
tTRIP
5 % of reference (calculated) value
+ 2 % current tolerance or 30 ms
Approx. 0.90 · I2p setting value
1)
3 % of the set value or 50 mA
5 % of reference (calculated)
value +2 % current tolerance, or 30 ms
Frequency protection (ANSI 81O/U)
Setting ranges
Pickup values f > or f< for
fnom = 50 Hz
Pickup values f > or f<
for fnom = 60 Hz
2 to 50 A1) (in steps of 0.01)
1 to 180 s (in steps of 0.1 s)
Inverse, very inverse,
extremely inverse
Inverse, moderately inverse,
very inverse, extremely inverse
Approx. 1.05 · I2p setting value,
corresponds to approx. 0.95 · pickup
Number of frequency elements
2.5 to 80 A1) (in steps of 0.01)
ISTARTUP
Dropout value
IEC and ANSI without disk
emulation
Time for 2 w I2/I2p w 0.90
15 mHz (with V = Vnom, f = fnom)
3 % of setting value or 1 V
1 % of the setting value or 10 ms
All phase currents w 50 A1)
Inverse, moderately inverse,
very inverse, extremely inverse
Tolerances
Dropout value I2p
Approx. 1.05
Tolerances
Pickup thresholds
Frequency 81O/U f >, f<
Undervoltage blocking
Delay times
Setting ranges
Startup current of the motor
ISTARTUP
Pickup threshold IMOTOR START
Permissible startup time
Tmax. STARTUP
Maximum startup time with
warm motor Tmax. STARTUP W
Maximum startup time with
cold motor
Permissible locked rotor time
TLOCKED-ROTOR
Tripping time characteristic
For I > IMOTOR START
Approx. 0.95 for I2/Inom W 0.3
Dropout characteristic with disk
emulation acc. to ANSI
ANSI with disk emulation
Dropout
Ratio undervoltage blocking
Starting time monitoring for motors (ANSI 48)
Inverse-time characteristic (ANSI 46-TOC)
Setting ranges
Pickup value 46-TOC/I2p
Time multiplier TI2p (IEC)
Approx. 80 ms
Approx. 80 ms
4, each can be set to f > or f<
Dropout ratio IMOTOR START
Tolerances
Pickup threshold
Delay time
= Motor starting
current setting
= Actual current
flowing
= Tripping time for
rated motor startup
current
= Pickup threshold
setting, used to
detect motor startup
= Tripping time in
seconds
Approx. 0.95
3 % of setting value or 75 mA1)
5 % or 30 ms
Load jam protection for motors (ANSI 51M)
Setting ranges
Current threshold for
alarm and trip
Delay times
Blocking duration after
motor start
Tolerances
Pickup threshold
Delay time
2.5 to 60 A1) (in steps 0.01 A)
0 to 600 s (in steps 0.01 s)
0 to 600 s (in steps 0.01 s)
3 % of setting value or 75 mA1)
1 % or 10 ms
40 to 60 Hz (in steps of 0.01 Hz)
50 to 70 Hz (in steps of 0.01 Hz)
0 to 100 s or ∞ (disabled)
(in steps of 0.01 s)
10 to 150 V (in steps of 1 V)
1) At Inom = 1 A, all limits divided by 5.
Technical Data page 6
Siemens SIP · 2008
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Technical data
Restart inhibit for motors (ANSI 66)
Thermal overload protection (ANSI 49)
Setting ranges
Setting ranges
Motor starting current relative
to rated motor current
IMOTOR START/IMotor Nom
Rated motor current IMotor Nom
Max. permissible starting time
TStart Max.
Equilibrium time TEqual
Minimum inhibit time
TMIN. INHIBIT TIME
Max. permissible number of
warm startups nWARM
Difference between cold and
warm startups nCOLD – nWARM
Extension of time constant at
stop kτ at STOP
Extension of time constant at
running kτ at RUNNING
1.1 to 10 (in steps of 0.1)
1 to 6 A1) (in steps of 0.01 A)
1 to 320 s (in steps of 1 s)
0 min to 320 min (in steps of 0.1 min)
0.2 min to 120 min (in steps of 0.1 min)
Factor k
0.1 to 4 (in steps of 0.01)
Time constant
1 to 999.9 min (in steps of 0.1 min)
Thermal alarm ΘAlarm /ΘTrip
50 to 100 % of the trip excessive
temperature (in steps of 1 %)
Current warning stage IAlarm
0.5 to 20 A (in steps of 0.01 A)
Extension factor when stopped
kτ factor
1 to 10 with reference to the time
constant with the machine running
(in steps of 0.1)
1 to 4 (in steps of 1)
Rated overtemperature (for Inom)
1 to 2 (in steps of 1)
Tripping characteristic
For (I/k · Inom) ≤ 8
0.2 to 100 (in steps of 0.1)
40 to 200 °C (in steps of 1 °C)
Restart threshold
Where:
ΘRESTART
kR
ISTARTUP
IMOT Nom
TSTART max
τR
ncold
⎞
⎟
⎟
⎠
= Temperature limit
below which restarting
is possible
= k-factor for the rotor
= Startup current
= Motor rated current
= Max. startup time
= Thermal rotor time
constant
= Max. number of cold
starts
Undercurrent monitoring (ANSI 37)
Signal from the operational
measured values
Predefined with programmable logic
Temperature detection
Temperature detection through internal module (only 7SK805/7SK806)
Number of temperature detectors 5
Measuring method
Pt 100 Ω or Ni 100 Ω or Ni 120 Ω
3-wire connection, shielded cable
Installation identification
“Oil” or “Ambient” or “Stator” or
“Bearing” or “Other”
Temperature detection through external RTD boxes
Connectable RTD-boxes
1 or 2
Number of temperature detectors Max. 6
per RTD-box
Pt 100 Ω or Ni 100 Ω or Ni 120 Ω
Selectable 2- or 3-phase connection,
shielded cable
Mounting identification
“Oil” or “Ambient” or “Stator” or
“Bearing” or “Other”
Thresholds for indications
For each measuring detector
Stage 1
Stage 2
Siemens SIP · 2008
Dropout ratios
Θ/ΘTrip
Θ/ΘAlarm
I/IAlarm
Tolerances
With reference to k · Inom
With reference to tripping time
Drops out with ΘAlarm
Approx. 0.99
Approx. 0.97
3 % or 75 mA1)
2 % class acc. to IEC 60255-8
3 % or 1 s for I/(k · Inom) > 1.25
3 % class acc. to IEC 60255-8
(Sensitive) ground-fault protection (ANSI 64, 50Ns, 51Ns, 67Ns)
Displacement voltage element for all types of ground fault (ANSI 64)
Setting ranges
Displacement voltage (measured)
Displacement voltage (calculated)
Delay time TDelay pickup
Additional trip delay TV Delay
V0> 1.8 to 200 V (in steps of 0.1 V)
3V0> 10 to 225 V (in steps of 0.1 V)
0.04 to 320 s or ∞ (in steps of 0.01 s)
0.1 to 40,000 s or ∞ (in steps of 0.01 s)
Operating time
Approx. 50 ms
Dropout ratio
0.95 or (pickup value –0.6 V)
Tolerances (measurement)
Pickup threshold V0 (measured) 3 % of setting value or 0.3 V
Pickup threshold 3V0 (calculated) 3 % of setting value or 3 V
Delay times
1 % of setting value or 10 ms
Phase detection for ground fault in an ungrounded system
Measuring method
–50 °C to 250 °C (in steps of 1 °C)
–58 °F to 482 °F or ∞ (no indication)
2
t = Tripping time in minutes
τth = Temperature-rise time
constant
I = Actual load current
Ipre = Preload current
k = Setting factor acc. to
IEC 60255-8
Inom = Rated (nominal) current of
the protected object
0.2 to 100 (in steps of 0.1)
2
( n cold − 1 ) ⋅ TSTART max
⎛ I STARTUP ⎞ ⎛
τR
ΘRESTART = ⎜
⎟ ⋅ ⎜⎜ 1– e
⎝ I Motor Nom ⋅ k R ⎠ ⎝
(I / k ⋅ I nom ) − (I pre / k ⋅ I nom )
2
(I / k ⋅ I nom ) − 1
2
t = τ th ⋅ ln
Measuring principle
Setting ranges
Vph min (ground-fault phase)
Vph max (healthy phases)
Tolerance
Measurement tolerance
acc. to VDE 0435, Part 303
–50 °C to 250 °C (in steps of 1 °C)
–58 °F to 482 °F or ∞ (no indication)
Technical Data page 7
Voltage measurement
(phase-to-ground)
10 to 100 V (in steps of 1 V)
10 to 100 V (in steps of 1 V)
3 % of setting value or 1 V
12
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Technical data
(Sensitive) ground-fault protection (ANSI 64, 50Ns, 51Ns, 67Ns) (cont'd)
Ground-fault pickup for all types of ground faults
Definite-time characteristic (ANSI 50Ns)
Setting ranges
Pickup current 50Ns-2 Pickup,
50Ns-1 Pickup; (IEE>, IEE>>)
For sensitive 5-A-transformer 0.005 to 8 A1) (in steps of 0.005 A)
For normal 5-A-transformer
0.25 to 175 A1) (in steps of 0.05 A)
Delay times T for 50Ns-2 Delay, 0 to 320 s ∞ (disabled)
50Ns-1 Delay (TIEE>, TIEE>>)
(in steps of 0.01 A)
Dropout delay time TDropout
0 to 60 s (in steps of 0.01 s)
Operating times
w 50 ms (directional/non-directional)
Dropout ratio
Approx. 0.95 for 50Ns/IEE > 50 mA
Tolerances (measurement)
Pickup threshold
For sensitive 5-A-transformer
For normal 5-A-transformer
Delay times
3 % of setting value or 5 mA1)
3 % of setting value or 75 mA1)
1 % of setting value or 10 ms
Ground-fault pickup for all types of ground faults
Inverse-time characteristic (ANSI 51Ns)
Defined by a maximum of 20 pairs
User-defined characteristic
of current and delay time values,
directional measurement method
“cos phi and sin phi”
Setting ranges
Pickup current 51Ns; IEEp
For sensitive 5-A-transformer
For normal 5-A-transformer
Time multiplier T51Ns, IIEEp
0.005 A to 7 A1) (in steps of 0.005 A)
0.25 to 20 A1) (in steps of 0.05 A)
0.1 to 4 s or ∞ (disabled)
(in steps of 0.01 s)
Pickup threshold
Approx. 1.1 · I51Ns/1.1 · IEEp
Dropout ratio
Approx. 1.05 · I51Ns/1.05 · IEEp
for I51Ns (IEEp) > 50 mA
Tolerances
Measurement tolerance
Operating time tolerance
in linear range
3 % of setting value or 1 mA
7 % of reference (calculated) value for
2 w I/I51Ns (IEEp) w 20 + 2 % current
tolerance or 70 ms
Direction determination for all types of ground-faults (ANSI 67Ns)
Measuring method “cos ϕ/sin ϕ”
12
Direction measurement
IN and VN measured or
3I0 and 3V0 calculated
Measuring principle
Active/reactive power measurement
Setting ranges
Measuring enable IRelease direct.
(current component perpendicular (90 °) to directional limit line)
For sensitive 5-A-transformer 0.005 to 8 A1) (in steps of 0.005 A)
For normal 5-A-transformer
0.25 to 175 A1) (in steps of 0.05 A)
Dropout ratio
Approx. 0.8
Direction phasor ϕCorrection
–45 ° to +45 ° (in steps of 0.1 °)
Dropout delay TReset delay
1 to 60 s (in steps of 1 s)
Measuring method “ϕ (V0/I0)”
Direction measurement
IN and VN measured or
3I0 and 3V0 calculated
Note: When using the sensitive transformer, the linear range of the measuring input for sensitive ground fault detection is from 0.001 A to
1.6 A or 0.005 A to 8 A. The function is however still preserved for
higher currents.
Minimum voltage Vmin.
V0 measured
3V0 calculated
Phase angle 50Ns ϕ
Delta phase angle 50Ns Δ ϕ
0.4 to 50 V (in steps of 0.1 V)
10 to 90 V (in steps of 1 V)
–180 ° to 180 ° (in steps of 0.1 °)
0 ° to 180 ° (in steps of 0.1 °)
Angle correction for cable CT
Angle correction F1, F2
(for resonant grounded system)
0 ° to 5 ° (in steps of 0.1 °)
Current value I1, I2 for angle
correction
For sensitive 5-A-transformer
For normal 5-A-transformer
0.005 to 8 A1) (in steps of 0.005 A)
0.25 to 175 A1) (in steps of 0.05 A)
Tolerances
Measurement tolerance
Angle tolerance
3 % of setting value or 1 mA
3°
Note: Due to the high sensitivity, the linear range of the measuring input
Inom with integrated sensitive input transformer is from 0.001 · Inom
to 1.6 · Inom. For currents greater than 1.6 · Inom correct direction
determination can no longer be guaranteed.
Breaker failure protection (ANSI 50BF)
Setting ranges
Pickup thresholds
Delay time
0.25 to 100 A1) (in steps of 0.01 A)
0.06 to 60 s or ∞ (in steps of 0.01 s)
Times
Pickup times
with internal start
with external start
Dropout times
is included in the delay time
is included in the delay time
Approx. 25 ms
Tolerances
Pickup thresholds
Delay time
3 % of setting value or 75 mA1)
1 % or 20 ms
Flexible protection functions (e.g. ANSI 27, 32, 37, 47, 50, 55, 59, 81R)
Operating modes/measuring quantities
3-phase
I, I1, I2, I2/I1, 3I0, V, V1, V2, 3V0,
Pforward, Preverse, Qforward, Qreverse, cos ϕ
I, IN, INS, IN2, V, VN, Vx,
1-phase
Pforward, Preverse, Qforward, Qreverse, cos ϕ
Without fixed phase relation
f, df/dt, binary input
Pickup when
Exceeding or falling below threshold
value
Setting ranges
Pickup thresholds
Current I, I1, I2, 3I0, IN
Current ratio I2/I1
Sensitive ground current INS
0.25 to 200 A1) (in steps of 0.01 A)
15 to 100 % (in steps of 1 %)
0.001 to 1.5 A (in steps of 0.001 A)
Voltages V, V1, V2, 3V0
Displacement voltage VN
2 to 260 V (in steps of 0.1 V)
2 to 200 V (in steps of 0.1 V)
Power P, Q
Power factor (cos ϕ)
10 to 50000 W1) (in steps of 0.1 W)
–0.99 to +0.99 (in steps of 0.01)
Frequency fN = 50 Hz
fN = 60 Hz
Rate-of-frequency change df/dt
40 to 60 Hz (in steps of 0.01 Hz)
50 to 70 Hz (in steps of 0.01 Hz)
0.1 to 20 Hz/s (in steps of 0.01 Hz/s)
Dropout ratio >- element
Dropout ratio <- element
Dropout difference f
Pickup delay time (standard)
Pickup delay for I2/I1
Trip delay time
Dropout delay time
1.01 to 3 (insteps of 0.01)
0.7 to 0.99 (in steps of 0.01)
0.02 to 1 Hz (in steps of 0.01 Hz)
0 to 60 s (in steps of 0.01 s)
0 to 28800 s (in steps of 0.01 s)
0 to 3600 s (in steps of 0.01 s)
0 to 60 s (in steps of 0.01 s)
1) At Inom = 1 A, all limits divided by 5.
Technical Data page 8
Siemens SIP · 2008
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Technical data
Flexible protection functions (e.g. ANSI 27, 32, 37, 47, 50, 55, 59, 81R) (cont'd)
Times
Pickup times
Current, voltage
(phase quantities)
With 2 times the setting value
With 10 times the setting value
Current, voltages
(symmetrical components)
With 2 times the setting value
With 10 times the setting value
Power
Typical
Maximum (low signals and
thresholds)
Power factor
Frequency
Rate-of-frequency change
With 1.25 times the setting value
Binary input
Dropout times
Current, voltage (phase
quantities)
Current, voltages (symmetrical
components)
Power
Typical
Maximum
Power factor
Frequency
Rate-of-frequency change
Binary input
Tolerances
Pickup thresholds
Current
Current (symmetrical
components)
Voltage
Voltage (symmetrical
components)
Power
Power factor
Frequency
Rate-of-frequency change
Times
Approx. 30 ms
Approx. 20 ms
Range
Tolerance*)
Approx. 40 ms
Approx. 30 ms
S, apparent power
Approx. 120 ms
Approx. 350 ms
Range
Tolerance*)
300 to 600 ms
Approx. 100 ms
P, active power
Approx. 220 ms
Approx. 20 ms
< 30 ms
< 50 ms
< 350 ms
< 300 ms
< 100 ms
< 200 ms
< 10 ms
3 % of setting value or 0.2 V
4 % of setting value or 0.2 V
Range
Tolerance*)
In A (kA) primary,
in A secondary or in % Inom
10 to 150 % Inom
1.5 % of measured value or 1 % Inom
and from 151 to 200 % Inom
3 % of measured value
Range
Tolerance*)
0 to 120 % of Snom
2 % of Snom
for V/Vnom and I/Inom = 50 to 120 %
and ⏐sin ϕ⏐ = 0.707 to 1 with
Snom = 3 ⋅ Vnom ⋅ I nom
Range
Tolerance*)
Frequency f
Temperature overload protection
Θ/ΘTrip
Range
Tolerance*)
Temperature restart inhibit
ΘL/ΘL Trip
Total and phase-segregated
–1 to +1
3 % for ⏐cos ϕ⏐ ≥ 0.707
In Hz
fnom ± 5 Hz
20 mHz
In %
0 to 400 %
5 % class accuracy per IEC 60255-8
In %
0 to 400 %
5 % class accuracy per IEC 60255-8
Restart threshold ΘRestart/ΘL Trip
In %
Inhibit time TReclose
In min
Currents of sensitive ground-fault
detection (total, active, and reactive
current) INs, INs active, INs reactive;
(IEE, IEE active, IEE reactive)
In A (kA) primary and in mA
secondary
Range
Tolerance*)
*) With rated frequency.
1) At Inom = 1 A, all limits divided by 5.
Siemens SIP · 2008
With sign, total and phase-segregated in
kW (MW or GW) primary and in % Snom
With sign, total and phase-segregated
in kVAr (MVAr or GVAr) primary
and in % of Snom
Range
Tolerance*)
Operational measured values
0 to 120 % of Snom
1.5 % of Snom
for V/Vnom and I/Inom = 50 to 120 %
Q, reactive power
Range
Tolerance*)
3 % of setting value or 0.5 W
(for rated values)
3 degrees
15 mHz
5 % of setting value or 0.05 Hz/s
1 % of setting value or 10 ms
In kVAr (MVAr or GVAr) primary
and in % of Snom
0 to 120 % of Snom
2 % of Snom
for V/Vnom and I/Inom = 50 to 120 %
and ⏐cos ϕ⏐ = 0.707 to 1 with
Snom = 3 ⋅ Vnom ⋅ I nom
cos ϕ, power factor (p.f.)
3 % of setting value or 75 mA1)
4 % of setting value or 100 mA1)
10 to 120 % of Vnom
1 % of measured value or 0.5 % of Vnom
Range
Tolerance*)
< 20 ms
Additional functions
Currents
IA(L1), IB(L2), IC(L3)
Positive-sequence component I1
Negative-sequence component I2
IE or 3I0
Voltages
Phase-to-ground voltages
In kV primary, in V secondary
VA-N, VB-N, VC-N
or in % Vnom
Phase-to-phase voltages
VA-B, VB-C, VC-A, VSYN
VN, Vph-N, Vx or V0
Positive-sequence component V1
Negative-sequence component V2
Technical Data page 9
0 mA to 8000 mA for Inom = 5 A 1)
3 % of measured value or 1 mA
12
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Technical data
Long-term averages
Time stamping
Time window
5, 15, 30 or 60 minutes
Frequency of updates
Adjustable
Long-term averages
of currents
of active power
of reactive power
of apparent power
IAdmd, IBdmd, ICdmd
(IL1dmd, IL2dmd, IL3dmd) I1dmd in A (kA)
Pdmd in W (kW, MW)
Qdmd in VAr (kVAr, MVAr)
Sdmd in VAr (kVAr, MVAr)
Resolution for event log
(operational annunciations)
1 ms
Resolution for trip log
(fault annunciations)
1 ms
Maximum time deviation
(internal clock)
0.01 %
Battery
Lithium battery 3 V/1 Ah,
type CR 1/2 AA, message “Battery
Fault” for insufficient battery charge
Max./Min. report
Report of measured values
With date and time
Oscillographic fault recording
Reset, automatic
Time of day adjustable (in minutes,
0 to 1439 min)
Time frame and starting time adjustable (in days, 1 to 365 days, and ∞)
Maximum 8 fault records saved,
memory maintained by buffer battery in case of loss of power supply
Recording time
5 s per fault record, in total up to 18 s
Reset, manual
Using binary input,
using keypad,
via communication
Sampling rate for 50 Hz
Sampling rate for 60 Hz
1 sample/1.00 ms
1 sample/0.83 ms
Min./Max. values for current
IA(L1), IB(L2), IC(L3)
I1 (positive-sequence component)
Min./Max. values for voltages
VA-N, VB-N, VC-N (VL1-E, VL2-E, VL3-E)
V1 (positive-sequence component)
VA-B, VB-C, VC-A (VL1-L2, VL2-L3, VL3-L1)
Min./Max. values for power
S, P, Q, cos ϕ, frequency
Motor statistics
Min./Max. values for overload
protection
Θ/ΘTrip
Min./Max. values for mean values
IAdmd, IBdmd, ICdmd (IL1dmd, IL2dmd, IL3dmd)
I1 (positive-sequence component);
Sdmd, Pdmd, Qdmd
Total number of motor start-ups
Total operating time
Total down-time
Ratio operating time/down-time
Active energy and reactive energy
Motor start-up data:
– Start-up time
– Start-up current (primary)
– Start-up voltage (primary)
Local measured values monitoring
Energy/power
Meter values for power Wp, Wq
in kWh (MWh or GWh) and kVARh
(active and reactive power demand) (MVARh or GVARh)
Tolerance*)
w 2 % for I > 0.1 Inom, V > 0.1 Vnom
and ⏐cos ϕ⏐ (p.f.) W 0.707
0 to 9999
(resolution 1)
0 to 99999 h
(resolution 1 h)
0 to 99999 h
(resolution 1 h)
0 to 100 %
(resolution 0.1 %)
See operational measured values
Of the last 5 start-ups
0.30 s to 9999.99 s (resolution 10 ms)
0 A to 1000 kA
(resolution 1 A)
0 V to 100 kV
(resolution 1 V)
Current asymmetry
Imax/Imin > balance factor,
for I>Ibalance limit
Voltage asymmetry
Vmax/Vmin > balance factor,
for V>Vlim
Switching statistics
Saved number of trips
Up to 9 digits
Current sum
⏐iA + iB + iC +kJ · iN ⏐> limit value
Up to 4 digits
Current phase sequence
Clockwise (ABC) / counter-clockwise
(ACB)
Accumulated interrupted current
(segregated acc. to pole)
Voltage phase sequence
Clockwise (ABC) / counter-clockwise
(ACB)
Limit value monitoring
IA > limit value IAdmd>
IB > limit value IBdmd>
IC > limit value ICdmd>
I1 > limit value I1dmd>
IL < limit value IL<
cos ϕ < lower limit value ⏐cos ϕ⏐<
P > limit value of active power
⏐Pdmd⏐>
Q > limit value of reactive power
⏐Qdmd⏐>
S > limit value of apparent power
⏐Sdmd⏐>
12
Fault event recording
Recording of indications of the last
8 power system faults
Recording of indications of the last
3 power system ground faults
Operating hours counter
Display range
Criterion
Up to 7 digits
Overshoot of an adjustable current
threshold
(element 50-1, BkrClosed IMIN)
Circuit-breaker monitoring
Calculation methods
On r.m.s.-value basis:
ΣI, ΣIx, 2 P
On instantaneous value basis:
i2t
Measured-value acquisition/
processing
Phase-selective
Evaluation
One limit value each per subfunction
Saved number of statistical values
Up to 13 digits
Trip circuit monitoring
With one or two binary inputs
Commissioning aids
Phase rotation test, operational
measured values, circuit-breaker
test by means of control function,
creation of a test fault report,
creation of messages
*) With rated frequency.
Technical Data page 10
Siemens SIP · 2008
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Technical data
Clock
Time synchronization
Binary input,
communication
Setting group switchover of the function parameters
Number of available setting groups
Switchover performed
4 (parameter group A, B, C and D)
Via keypad, DIGSI using the operator
interface, protocol using port B or
binary input
Breaker control
Number of switching units
Depends on the binary inputs and
outputs available
Interlocking
Freely programmable
Messages
Feedback messages, closed, open,
intermediate position
Control commands
Switching command to circuitbreaker
Single command / double command
Programmable logic controller
PLC logic, graphic input tool
Local control
Control via menu,
assignment of function keys
Remote control
Via communication interfaces,
using a substation automation and
control system (e.g. SICAM),
using DIGSI 4 (e.g. via modem)
1-, 1½- and 2-pole
CE conformity
This product is in conformity with the Directives of the European Communities on the harmonization of the laws of the Member States relating to
electromagnetic compatibility (EMC Council Directive 89/336/EEC) and
electrical equipment designed for use within certain voltage limits (Council
Directive 73/23/EEC).
This unit conforms to the international standard IEC 60255, and the German standard DIN 57435/Part 303 (corresponding to VDE 0435/Part 303).
Further applicable standards: ANSI/IEEE C37.90.0 and C37.90.1.
The unit conforms to the international standard IEC 60255, and the German standard DIN 57435/Part 303 (corresponding to VDE 0435/Part 303).
This conformity is the result of a test that was performed by Siemens AG in
accordance with Article 10 of the Council Directive complying with the
generic standards EN 50081-2 and EN 50082-2 for the EMC Directive and
standard EN 60255-6 for the “low-voltage Directive”.
Notes
12
Subject to change without prior notice.
We reserve the right to include modifications.
Drawings are not binding.
If not stated otherwise, all dimensions in this catalog are given in mm/inch.
The information in this document contains general descriptions of the technical options available, which do not always have to be present in individual
cases. The required features should therefore be specified in each individual
case at the time of closing the contract.
Siemens SIP · 2008
Technical Data page 11
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Selection and ordering data
Description
Order No.
7SK80 motor protection device
7SK80oo – ooooo – oooo
Housing, binary inputs and outputs
Housing 1/6 19’’, 4 x I, 3 BI, 5 BO (2 changeover/Form C),
1 live status contact
Housing 1/6 19’’, 4 x I, 7 BI, 8 BO (2 changeover/Form C),
1 live status contact
Housing 1/6 19’’, 4 x I, 3 x V, 3 BI, 5 BO (2 changeover/Form C),
1 live status contact
Housing 1/6 19’’, 4 x I, 3 x V, 7 BI, 8 BO (2 changeover/Form C),
1 live status contact
Housing 1/6 19’’, 4 x I, 3 BI, 5 BO (2 changeover/Form C), 5 RTD inputs,
1 live status contact
Housing 1/6 19’’, 4 x I, 3 x V, 3 BI, 5 BO (2 changeover/Form C), 5 RTD inputs,
1 live status contact
Measuring inputs, default settings
Iph = 1 A / 5 A, Ie = 1 A / 5 A
Iph = 1 A / 5 A, Iee (sensitive) = 0.001 to 1.6 A / 0.005 to 8 A
1
see next page
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
Rated auxiliary voltage
24 V / 48 V DC
60 V / 110 V / 125 V / 220 V DC, 115 V, 230 V AC
Unit version
Surface-mounting housing, screw-type terminal
Flush-mounting housing, screw-type terminal
Region-specific default and language settings
Region DE, IEC, language German (language selectable), standard front
Region World, IEC/ANSI, language English (language selectable), standard front
Region US, ANSI, language US-English (language selectable), US front
Region FR, IEC/ANSI, language French (language selectable), standard front
Region World, IEC/ANSI, language Spanish (language selectable), standard front
Region World, IEC/ANSI, language Italian (language selectable), standard front
Region RUS, IEC/ANSI, language Russian (language selectable), standard front
1
5
B
E
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
12
12/23
Siemens SIP · 2008
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Selection and ordering data
Description
Order No.
Order
code
7SK80 motor protection device
7SK80oo – ooooo – oHoo L 0 o
Port B (at bottom of device, rear)
No port
0
IEC 60870-5-103 or DIGSI 4/modem, electrical RS232
1
IEC 60870-5-103, DIGSI 4/modem or RTD-box, electrical RS485
2
IEC 60870-5-103, DIGSI 4/modem or RTD-box, optical 820 nm, ST connector
3
PROFIBUS-DP Slave, electrical RS485
9
L0A
PROFIBUS-DP Slave, optical, double ring, ST connector
9
L0B
MODBUS, electrical RS485
9
L 0D
MODBUS, optical 820 nm, ST connector
9
L0 E
DNP 3.0, electrical RS485
9
L0G
DNP 3.0, optical 820 nm, ST connector
9
L0H
IEC 60870-5-103, redundant, electrical RS485, RJ45 connector
9
L0P
IEC 61850, 100 Mbit Ethernet, electrical, double, RJ45 connector
9
L0 R
IEC 61850, 100 Mbit Ethernet, optical, double, ST connector
9
L0 S
Port A (at bottom of device, in front)
No port
With Ethernet interface (DIGSI, RTD-box, not IEC 61850), RJ45 connector
Measuring/fault recording
With fault recording
With fault recording, average values, min/max values
see
following
page
0
6
1
3
12
Siemens SIP · 2008
12/24
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Selection and ordering data
Description
Order No.
7SK80 motor protection device
7SK80oo – ooooo – o H o 0
Designation
ANSI No.
Description
Basic version
50/51
50N/51N
50N(s)/51N(s)1)
49
74TC
50BF
46
37
86
48
66/86
14
51M
Time-overcurrent protection phase I>, I>>, I>>>, Ip
Time-overcurrent protection ground IE>, IE>>, IE>>>, IEp
Sensitive ground fault protection IEE>, IEE>>, IEEp
Overload protection
Trip circuit supervision
Circuit-breaker failure protection
Negative-sequence protection
Undercurrent monitoring
Lockout
Starting time supervision
Restart inhibit
Locked rotor protection
Load jam protection
Motor statistics
Parameter changeover
Monitoring functions
Control of circuit-breaker
Flexible protection functions (current parameters)
Inrush restraint
D
2)
Basic version + directional (sensitive) ground fault, voltage and frequency protection
n
67N
67N(s) 1)
64/59N
27/59
81U/O
47
32/55/81R
Directional overcurrent protection ground
IE>, IE>>, IEp
Directional sensitive ground fault protection
IEE>, IEE>>, IEEp
Displacement voltage
Under-/overvoltage
Under-/overfrequency, f<, f>
Phase rotation
Flexible protection functions (current and voltage
parameters): Protective function for voltage, power,
power factor, frequency change
E
3)
12
n
Basic version included
1) Depending on the ground current input
the function will be either sensitive (Iee)
or non-sensitive (Ie).
2) Only if position 6 = 1, 2 or 5.
3) Only if position 6 = 3, 4 or 6.
12/25
Siemens SIP · 2008
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Sample order
Position
Order No. + Order code
7SK8051-5EC96-3HD0+L0G
Accessories
6
I/O’s: 3 BI/5 BO, 1 live status contact, 5 RTD inputs
7
Current transformer: Iph = 1 A / 5 A, Ie = 1 A / 5 A
8
Power supply: 60 to 250 V DC, 115 V AC to 230 V AC
9
Unit version: Flush-mounting housing, screw-type terminals
10
Region: US, English language (US); ANSI
11
Communication: System interface: DNP 3.0, RS485
12
Communication: Ethernet interface (DIGSI, not IEC 61850)
13
Measuring/fault recording: Extended measuring and fault records
14/15
Motor protection function package: Basic version
Description
5
1
5
E
C
9
L0G
6
3
HD
Order No.
DIGSI 4
Software for configuration and operation of Siemens protection units
running under MS Windows 2000/XP Professional Edition/Vista.
Basis
Full version with license for 10 computers, on CD-ROM
(authorization by serial number)
7XS5400-0AA00
Professional DIGSI 4 Basis and additionally SIGRA (fault record analysis),
CFC Editor (logic editor), Display Editor (editor for default
and control displays) and DIGSI 4 Remote (remote operation)
7XS5402-0AA00
Professional + IEC 61850
Complete version:
DIGSI 4 Basis and additionally SIGRA (fault record analysis),
CFC Editor (logic editor), Display Editor (editor for default
and control displays) and DIGSI 4 Remote (remote operation)
+ IEC 61850 system configurator
7XS5403-0AA00
IEC 61850 System configurator
Software for configuration of stations with IEC 61850 communication under
DIGSI, running under MS Windows 2000/XP Professional Edition/Vista.
Optional package for DIGSI 4 Professional
License for 10 PCs. Authorization by serial number. On CD-ROM
7XS5460-0AA00
SIGRA 4
Software for graphic visualization, analysis and evaluation of fault records.
Can also be used for fault records of devices of other manufacturers (Comtrade format).
Running under MS Windows 2000/XP Professional Edition/Vista.
(generally contained in DIGSI Professional, but can be ordered additionally)
Authorization by serial number. On CD-ROM.
7XS5410-0AA00
Temperature monitoring box (RTD-box) for RS485 connection
24 to 60 V AC/DC
90 to 240 V AC/DC
7XV5662-2AD10
7XV5662-5AD10
Temperature monitoring box (RTD-box) for Ethernet
24 to 240 V AC/DC
7XV5662-7AD10
Manual for 7SK80
English
German
Mounting rail for 19" rack
Siemens SIP · 2008
12
E50417-G1140-C344-A1
E50417-G1100-C344-A1
C73165-A63-C200-4
12/26
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Connection diagram
Fig. 12/24 7SK801 connection diagram
12
12/27
Siemens SIP · 2008
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Connection diagram
Fig. 12/25 7SK802 connection diagram
12
Siemens SIP · 2008
12/28
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Connection diagram
Fig. 12/26 7SK803 connection diagram
12
12/29
Siemens SIP · 2008
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Connection diagram
Fig. 12/27 7SK804 connection diagram
12
Siemens SIP · 2008
12/30
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Connection diagram
Fig. 12/28 7SK805 connection diagram
12
*) The shielding of the connecting cable
is connected directly to the shield cap.
12/31
Siemens SIP · 2008
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Connection diagram
Fig. 12/29 7SK806 connection diagram
12
*) The shielding of the connecting cable
is connected directly to the shield cap.
Siemens SIP · 2008
12/32
12 Motor Protection / 7SK80
Dimension drawings in mm / inch
Rear view
Side view
Front view
Panel cutout
Fig. 17/22
7SJ80/7SK80 protection unit
for panel flush mounting/cubicle mounting
12
Side view
Front view
Fig. 17/23
7SJ80/7SK80 protection unit
for panel-surface mounting
12/33
Siemens SIP · 2008