Cadillac 1999 Seville Owner`s manual

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The 1999 Cadillac Seville Owner’s Manual
1-1
Seats and Restraint Systems
This section tells you how to use your seats and safety belts properly. It also explains the “SIR” system.
2-1
Features and Controls
This section explains how to start and operate your vehicle.
3-1
Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
This section tells you how to adjust the ventilation and comfort controls and how to operate your audio system.
4-1
Your Driving and the Road
Here you’ll find helpful information and tips about the road and how to drive under different conditions.
5-1
Problems on the Road
This section tells you what to do if you have a problem while driving, such as a flat tire or overheated engine, etc.
6-1
Service and Appearance Care
Here the manual tells you how to keep your vehicle running properly and looking good.
7-1
Customer Assistance Information
This section tells you how to contact Cadillac for assistance and how to get service and owner publications.
It also gives you information on “Reporting Safety Defects” on page 7-10.
8-1
Index
Here’s an alphabetical listing of almost every subject in this manual. You can use it to quickly find
something you want to read.
i
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We support voluntary
technician certification.
GENERAL MOTORS, GM and the GM Emblem,
CADILLAC, the CADILLAC Crest & Wreath
and the name SEVILLE are registered trademarks of
General Motors Corporation.
This manual includes the latest information at the time it
was printed. We reserve the right to make changes in the
product after that time without further notice. For
vehicles first sold in Canada, substitute the name
“General Motors of Canada Limited” for Cadillac Motor
Car Division whenever it appears in this manual.
Please keep this manual in your vehicle, so it will be
there if you ever need it when you’re on the road. If you
sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in it so the new
owner can use it.
For Canadian Owners Who Prefer a
French Language Manual:
Aux propriétaires canadiens: Vous pouvez vous
procurer un exemplaire de ce guide en français chez
votre concessionaire ou au:
DGN Marketing Services Ltd.
1577 Meyerside Dr.
Mississauga, Ontario L5T 1B9
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. 25684416 A First Edition
ii
ECopyright General Motors Corporation 1998
All Rights Reserved
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How to Use this Manual
Many people read their owner’s manual from beginning
to end when they first receive their new vehicle. If you
do this, it will help you learn about the features and
controls for your vehicle. In this manual, you’ll find
that pictures and words work together to explain
things quickly.
Index
A good place to look for what you need is the Index in
back of the manual. It’s an alphabetical list of what’s in
the manual, and the page number where you’ll find it.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book.
We use a box and the word CAUTION to tell you
about things that could hurt you if you were to ignore
the warning.
CAUTION:
These mean there is something that could hurt
you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is. Then
we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce the
hazard. Please read these cautions. If you don’t, you or
others could be hurt.
You will also find a circle
with a slash through it in
this book. This safety
symbol means “Don’t,”
“Don’t do this” or “Don’t
let this happen.”
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Vehicle Damage Warnings
Also, in this book you will find these notices:
NOTICE:
These mean there is something that could
damage your vehicle.
In the notice area, we tell you about something that can
damage your vehicle. Many times, this damage would
not be covered by your warranty, and it could be costly.
But the notice will tell you what to do to help avoid
the damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see CAUTION
and NOTICE warnings in different colors or in
different words.
You’ll also see warning labels on your vehicle. They use
the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
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Vehicle Symbols
These are some of the symbols you may find on your vehicle.
For example,
these symbols
are used on an
original battery:
CAUTION
POSSIBLE
INJURY
PROTECT
EYES BY
SHIELDING
CAUSTIC
BATTERY
ACID COULD
CAUSE
BURNS
AVOID
SPARKS OR
FLAMES
SPARK OR
FLAME
COULD
EXPLODE
BATTERY
These symbols
are important
for you and
your passengers
whenever your
vehicle is
driven:
DOOR LOCK
UNLOCK
These symbols
have to do with
your lamps:
MASTER
LIGHTING
SWITCH
WINDSHIELD
WIPER
TURN
SIGNALS
WINDSHIELD
WASHER
PARKING
LAMPS
FASTEN
SEAT
BELTS
POWER
WINDOW
AIR BAG
These symbols
are on some of
your controls:
HAZARD
WARNING
FLASHER
DAYTIME
RUNNING
LAMPS
FOG LAMPS
WINDSHIELD
DEFROSTER
REAR
WINDOW
DEFOGGER
VENTILATING
FAN
These symbols
are used on
warning and
indicator lights:
Here are some
other symbols
you may see:
ENGINE
COOLANT
TEMP
FUSE
BATTERY
CHARGING
SYSTEM
LIGHTER
HORN
BRAKE
COOLANT
SPEAKER
ENGINE OIL
PRESSURE
FUEL
ANTI-LOCK
BRAKES
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✍
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NOTES
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Section 1 Seats and Restraint System
Here you’ll find information about the seats in your vehicle and how to use your safety belts properly. You can also
learn about some things you should not do with air bags and safety belts.
1-2
1-6
1-11
1-12
1-12
1-18
1-19
1-19
Seats and Seat Controls
Safety Belts: They’re For Everyone
Here are Questions Many People Ask About
Safety Belts -- and the Answers
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Driver Position
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Right Front Passenger Position
Supplemental Inflatable Restraint
(SIR) Systems
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1-30
1-33
1-43
1-46
1-46
1-46
Rear Seat Passengers
Children
Child Restraints
Larger Children
Safety Belt Extender
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
1-
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Seats and Seat Controls
This section tells you about the power seats -- how to
adjust them, and also about reclining front seatbacks,
lumbar adjustments, heated seats and head restraints.
Power Seats
The power seat controls are
located on the outboard side
of the front seat cushions.
Power Lumbar Control (If Equipped)
If you have this feature, the
driver’s and passenger’s
seatback lumbar support
can be adjusted four ways
by moving the single
switch located on the
side of the seat.
To increase or decrease support, hold the switch forward
or rearward. To move the lumbar up or down, hold the
switch upward or downward.
D Move the front of the seat control up or down to
adjust the front portion of the cushion.
D Move the rear of the seat control to adjust the rear
portion of the cushion.
D Lift up or push down on the seat control to move the
entire seat up or down.
D To move the seat forward or rearward, slide the seat
control forward or rearward.
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Keep in mind that as your seating position changes, as it
may during long trips, so should the position of your
lumbar support. Adjust the seat as needed.
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Massaging Lumbar (If Equipped)
Push the lumbar control, located on the outboard side of each
front seat, up for half a second to activate the massage
feature. The massage cycle will run for 10 minutes and can be
interrupted by pushing the lumbar control down briefly. The
lumbar support can be adjusted during the massage cycle by
moving the switch forward to increase support and rearward
to decrease support. The massage cycle will continue to run
even if the ignition is turned to OFF, unless interrupted.
Adaptive Seat Control (If Equipped)
The adaptive seat control is
located on the outboard side
of each front seat. Use the
power seat control first to
get the proper position.
With the ignition on, press the control up to activate the
adaptive seat. (The lumbar will automatically adjust to
your body’s positioning for the duration of the trip in
four-minute cycles.)
To reshape the lower seatback, press the lumbar
control forward to increase support and rearward to
decrease support.
To turn off the adaptive seat feature, press the control
down. The seat will deflate when the adaptive seat
control or the ignition is turned off.
Memory Seat, Mirrors and Steering
Wheel (Option)
The controls for these
features are located on the
driver’s door panel, and are
used to program and recall
previous settings.
Adjust the driver’s seat (including the lumbar and head
restraint adjustments), both the outside mirrors and
steering wheel to a comfortable position and then press
the MEMORY SET button. Within five seconds, press
button 1.
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A second mirror, seating and steering wheel position may
be programmed by repeating the above steps and pressing
button “2”. Each time a memory button is pressed, a single
beep will sound through the radio. Each time button 1 or 2
is pressed, the memory positions will be recalled. At the
factory, the exit position is preset with the steering wheel
full up and the seat full back. However, two personalized
exit positions can be set by first recalling the driving
position (Driver “1” or “2”), positioning the wheel and
seat in the desired exit positions and then pressing the
MEMORY SET button and, within five seconds, pressing
the EXIT button. The exit position for either previously set
driver can be recalled by pressing the EXIT button.
Heated Seats (Option)
This option is only available if your vehicle is equipped
with the power lumbar control feature.
The front seat controls are
located in the center
console. The rear seat
controls are located on the
rear door (note that only the
outboard positions in the
rear seats are heated).
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Push the button once for a high setting, twice for a low
setting, and a third time to turn off the heated seat. The
LO setting warms the seatback and cushion until the seat
approximates body temperature. The HI setting heats the
seat to a slightly higher temperature.
The heated seats can only be used when the ignition is
turned on. The heating elements in the seats
automatically turn off when the vehicle’s ignition is
turned off.
Reclining Front Seatbacks
The reclining front seatback
controls are located on the
outboard side of each front
seat. Press the top of the
control forward or rearward
to adjust the seatback
angle. Push up or down to
adjust the headrest and
shoulder belt.
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CAUTION:
But don’t have a seatback reclined if your vehicle
is moving.
Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle is
in motion can be dangerous. Even if you buckle
up, your safety belts can’t do their job when
you’re reclined like this.
The shoulder belt can’t do its job. In a crash you
could go into it, receiving neck or other injuries.
The lap belt can’t do its job either. In a crash the
belt could go up over your abdomen. The belt
forces would be there, not at your pelvic bones.
This could cause serious internal injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicle is in
motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit well
back in the seat and wear your safety belt properly.
1-5
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Head Restraints
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
The controls to move
your head restraints
are located on the
outboard side of each
front seat.
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety belts
properly. It also tells you some things you should not do
with safety belts.
And it explains the Supplemental Inflatable Restraint
(SIR), or air bag system.
CAUTION:
Use this switch to move a front head restraint up or
down. Lift up on the switch to move the head restraint
up. Press down on the switch to move the head restraint
down. The top of the head restraint should be closest to
the top of your ears. This position helps reduce the
chance of a neck injury in a crash. When you move a
front seat head restraint up or down, the shoulder belt
height changes. The head restraints tilt forward and
rearward also.
Rear seat head restraints tilt forward and rearward.
1-6
Don’t let anyone ride where he or she can’t wear
a safety belt properly. If you are in a crash and
you’re not wearing a safety belt, your injuries
can be much worse. You can hit things inside the
vehicle or be ejected from it. You can be seriously
injured or killed. In the same crash, you might
not be if you are buckled up. Always fasten your
safety belt, and check that your passengers’ belts
are fastened properly too.
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In most states and Canadian provinces, the law says to
wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.
CAUTION:
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area,
inside or outside of a vehicle. In a collision,
people riding in these areas are more likely to be
seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people to
ride in any area of your vehicle that is not
equipped with seats and safety belts. Be sure
everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a
safety belt properly.
You never know if you’ll be in a crash. If you do have a
crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so
serious that even buckled up a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashes are in between. In many of them,
people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk
away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt
or killed.
After more than 30 years of safety belts in vehicles,
the facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does
matter ... a lot!
Your vehicle has a light that
comes on as a reminder to
buckle up. (See “Safety Belt
Reminder Light” in
the Index.)
1-7
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Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as
it goes.
Put someone on it.
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it’s just a seat
on wheels.
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Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
doesn’t stop.
The person keeps going until stopped by something.
In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield ...
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or the instrument panel ...
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does.
You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That’s why
safety belts make such good sense.
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Here Are Questions Many People Ask
About Safety Belts -- and the Answers
Q: Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I’m wearing a safety belt?
A:
You could be -- whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down. And your chance of
being conscious during and after an accident, so
you can unbuckle and get out, is much greater if
you are belted.
Q:
If my vehicle has air bags, why should I have to
wear safety belts?
A:
Air bags are in many vehicles today and will be in
most of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts -- not instead of them. Every air bag
system ever offered for sale has required the use of
safety belts. Even if you’re in a vehicle that has air
bags, you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That’s true not only in frontal collisions,
but especially in side and other collisions.
Q:
If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far from
home, why should I wear safety belts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an
accident -- even one that isn’t your fault -- you and
your passengers can be hurt. Being a good driver
doesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km) of
home. And the greatest number of serious
injuries and deaths occur at speeds of less than
40 mph (65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
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How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Adults
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know about
safety belts and children. And there are different rules
for smaller children and babies. If a child will be riding
in your vehicle, see the part of this manual
called “Children.” Follow those rules for
everyone’s protection.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to wear
it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat (to see how, see “Seats” in the Index)
so you can sit up straight.
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3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The lap-shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
across you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt
go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt
across you more slowly.
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4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt isn’t long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the
body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or crash, or
if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster
When you move a front seat head restraint, the shoulder
belt height changes. See “Head Restraints” in the Index.
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Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt should fit against your body.
A:
The shoulder belt is too loose. It won’t give nearly
as much protection this way.
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Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is
buckled in the wrong place like this. In a crash,
the belt would go up over your abdomen. The
belt forces would be there, not at the pelvic
bones. This could cause serious internal injuries.
Always buckle your belt into the buckle
nearest you.
A:
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
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Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash, your
body would move too far forward, which would
increase the chance of head and neck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to the
ribs, which aren’t as strong as shoulder bones.
You could also severely injure internal organs
like your liver or spleen.
A:
The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
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Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt. In
a crash, you wouldn’t have the full width of the
belt to spread impact forces. If a belt is twisted,
make it straight so it can work properly, or ask
your dealer to fix it.
A:
The belt is twisted across the body.
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Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injured if they don’t wear safety belts.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of the
way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage both the
belt and your vehicle.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt, and
the lap portion should be worn as low as possible, below
the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
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The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it’s more
likely that the fetus won’t be hurt in a crash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
Next Generation frontal air bags are designed to help
reduce the risk of injury from the force of an inflating
frontal air bag. But even these air bags must inflate very
quickly if they are to do their job and comply with
federal regulations.
Right Front Passenger Position
Here are the most important things to know about the air
bag systems:
To learn how to wear the right front passenger’s safety belt
properly, see “Driver Position” earlier in this section.
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt -- except for one thing. If
you ever pull the lap portion of the belt out all the way,
you will engage the child restraint locking feature. If
this happens, just let the belt go back all the way and
start again.
Supplemental Inflatable Restraint
(SIR) Systems
This part explains the frontal and side impact
Supplemental Inflatable Restraint (SIR) systems or air
bag systems.
Your vehicle has four air bags -- a “Next Generation”
frontal air bag for the driver, another “Next Generation”
frontal air bag for the right front passenger, a side
impact air bag for the driver, and another side impact air
bag for the right front passenger.
CAUTION:
You can be severely injured or killed in a crash if
you aren’t wearing your safety belt -- even if you
have air bags. Wearing your safety belt during a
crash helps reduce your chance of hitting things
inside the vehicle or being ejected from it. Air
bags are “supplemental restraints” to the safety
belts. All air bags -- even Next Generation air
bags -- are designed to work with safety belts but
don’t replace them.
CAUTION: (Continued)
1-19
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CAUTION: (Continued)
Next Generation frontal air bags for the driver
and right front passenger are designed to work
only in moderate to severe crashes where the
front of your vehicle hits something. They aren’t
designed to inflate at all in rollover, rear, side or
low-speed frontal crashes. And, for unrestrained
occupants, Next Generation frontal air bags may
provide less protection in frontal crashes than
more forceful air bags have provided in the past.
The side impact air bags for the driver and right
front passenger are designed to inflate only in
moderate to severe crashes where something hits
the side of your vehicle. They aren’t designed to
inflate in frontal, in rollover or in rear crashes.
Everyone in your vehicle should wear a safety
belt properly -- whether or not there’s an air bag
for that person.
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CAUTION:
Both frontal and side impact air bags inflate with
great force, faster than the blink of an eye. If
you’re too close to an inflating air bag, as you
would be if you were leaning forward, it could
seriously injure you. This is true even with Next
Generation frontal air bags. Safety belts help
keep you in position for air bag inflation before
and during a crash. Always wear your safety belt,
even with Next Generation frontal air bags. The
driver should sit as far back as possible while still
maintaining control of the vehicle. Front
occupants should not lean on or sleep against
the door.
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CAUTION:
Children who are up against, or very close to, any
air bag when it inflates can be seriously injured
or killed. This is true even though your vehicle
has Next Generation frontal air bags. Air bags
plus lap-shoulder belts offer the best protection
for adults, but not for young children and
infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system
nor its air bag system is designed for them.
Young children and infants need the protection
that a child restraint system can provide. Always
secure children properly in your vehicle. To read
how, see the part of this manual called
“Children” and see the caution labels on the
sunvisors and the right front passenger’s
safety belt.
There is an air bag
readiness light on
the instrument
panel, which shows
AIR BAG.
The system checks the air bag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See “Air Bag Readiness Light” in the Index
for more information.
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How the Air Bag Systems Work
Where are the air bags?
The driver’s frontal air bag is in the middle of the
steering wheel.
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The right front passenger’s frontal air bag is in the
instrument panel on the passenger’s side.
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The driver’s side impact air bag is in the side of the
driver’s seatback closest to the door.
The right front passenger’s side impact air bag is in the
side of the passenger’s seatback closest to the door.
CAUTION:
If something is between an occupant and an air
bag, the bag might not inflate properly or it
might force the object into that person. The path
of an inflating air bag must be kept clear. Don’t
put anything between an occupant and an air
bag, and don’t attach or put anything on the
steering wheel hub or on or near any other air
bag covering and don’t let seat covers block the
inflation path of a side impact air bag.
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When should an air bag inflate?
The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal air bags
are designed to inflate in moderate to severe frontal or
near-frontal crashes. The frontal air bags are designed to
inflate only if the impact speed is above the system’s
designed “threshold level.” If your vehicle goes straight
into a wall that doesn’t move or deform, the threshold
level is about 9 to 15 mph (14 to 24 km/h). The
threshold level can vary, however, with specific vehicle
design, so that it can be somewhat above or below this
range. If your vehicle strikes something that will move
or deform, such as a parked car, the threshold level will
be higher. The driver’s and right front passenger’s
frontal air bags are not designed to inflate in rollovers,
side impacts, or rear impacts, because inflation would
not help the occupant.
The driver’s and right front passenger’s side impact air
bags are designed to inflate in moderate to severe side
crashes involving a front door. A side impact air bag
will inflate if the crash severity is above the system’s
designed “threshold level.” The threshold level can vary
with specific vehicle design. Side impact air bags are not
1-24
designed to inflate in frontal or near-frontal impacts,
rollovers or rear impacts, because inflation would not
help the occupant. A side impact air bag will only
deploy on the side of the vehicle that is struck.
In any particular crash, no one can say whether an air
bag should have inflated simply because of the damage
to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs were. For
frontal air bags, inflation is determined by the angle of
the impact and how quickly the vehicle slows down in
frontal and near-frontal impacts. For side impact air
bags, inflation is determined by the location of the
impact and how quickly the side of the vehicle deforms.
What makes an air bag inflate?
In an impact of sufficient severity, the air bag sensing
system detects that the vehicle is in a crash. For both
frontal and side impact air bags, the sensing system
triggers a release of gas from the inflator, which inflates
the air bag. The inflator, air bag and related hardware
are all part of the air bag modules inside the steering
wheel, instrument panel and the side of the front
seatbacks closest to the door.
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How does an air bag restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal or near frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel or
the instrument panel. In moderate to severe side
collisions, even belted occupants can contact the inside
of the vehicle. The air bag supplements the protection
provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute the force of
the impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper body,
stopping the occupant more gradually. But the frontal air
bags would not help you in many types of collisions,
including rollovers, rear impacts, and side impacts,
primarily because an occupant’s motion is not toward
the air bag. Side impact air bags would not help you in
many types of collisions, including frontal or near
frontal collisions, rollovers, and rear impacts, primarily
because an occupant’s motion is not toward those air
bags. Air bags should never be regarded as anything
more than a supplement to safety belts, and then only in
moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions for
the driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal air bags,
and only in moderate to severe side collisions for the
driver’s and right front passenger’s side impact air bags.
What will you see after an air bag inflates?
After an air bag inflates, it quickly deflates, so quickly
that some people may not even realize the air bag
inflated. Some components of the air bag module -- the
steering wheel hub for the driver’s air bag, the
instrument panel for the right front passenger’s bag, the
side of the seatback closest to the door for the driver and
right front passenger’s side impact air bags -- will be
hot for a short time. The parts of the bag that come into
contact with you may be warm, but not too hot to touch.
There will be some smoke and dust coming from the
vents in the deflated air bags. Air bag inflation doesn’t
prevent the driver from seeing or being able to steer the
vehicle, nor does it stop people from leaving the vehicle.
CAUTION:
When an air bag inflates, there is dust in the air.
This dust could cause breathing problems for
people with a history of asthma or other
breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in the
vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe to do so.
If you have breathing problems but can’t get out
of the vehicle after an air bag inflates, then get
fresh air by opening a window or a door.
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Your vehicle has a feature that will automatically unlock
the doors and turn the interior lamps on when the frontal
air bags inflate (if battery power is available). You can
lock the doors again and turn the interior lamps off by
using the door lock and interior lamp controls.
In many crashes severe enough to inflate an air bag,
windshields are broken by vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage may also occur from the
right front passenger air bag.
D Air bags are designed to inflate only once. After an
D
D
air bag inflates, you’ll need some new parts for your
air bag system. If you don’t get them, the air bag
system won’t be there to help protect you in another
crash. A new system will include air bag modules
and possibly other parts. The service manual for your
vehicle covers the need to replace other parts.
Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and
diagnostic module, which records information about
the frontal air bag system. The module records
information about the readiness of the system, when
the sensors are activated and driver’s safety belt
usage at deployment. Some modules also record
speed, engine rpm, brake and throttle data.
Let only qualified technicians work on your
air bag systems. Improper service can mean that
an air bag system won’t work properly. See your
dealer for service.
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NOTICE:
If you damage the covering for the driver’s or the
right front passenger’s air bag, or the air bag
covering on the driver’s and right front
passenger’s seatback, the bag may not work
properly. You may have to replace the air bag
module in the steering wheel, both the air bag
module and the instrument panel for the right
front passenger’s air bag, or both the air bag
module and seatback for the driver’s and right
front passenger’s side impact air bag. Do not
open or break the air bag coverings.
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle
Air bags affect how your vehicle should be serviced.
There are parts of the air bag systems in several places
around your vehicle. Your dealer and the Seville Service
Manual have information about servicing your vehicle
and the air bag systems. To purchase a service manual,
see “Service and Owner Publications” in the Index.
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CAUTION:
For up to 10 seconds after the ignition key is
turned off and the battery is disconnected, an air
bag can still inflate during improper service. You
can be injured if you are close to an air bag when
it inflates. Avoid yellow connectors. They are
probably part of the air bag systems. Be sure to
follow proper service procedures, and make sure
the person performing work for you is qualified
to do so.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be thrown
out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike others
in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
Rear Seat Passenger Positions
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The air bag systems do not need regular maintenance.
Rear Seat Passengers
All three rear seating positions have lap-shoulder belts.
Here’s how to wear one properly.
It’s very important for rear seat passengers to buckle up!
Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the rear
seat are hurt more often in crashes than those who are
wearing safety belts.
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1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt across
you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt go back
slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt across you
more slowly.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
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If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the
latch plate and keep pulling until you can buckle it.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt is not long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section. Make sure the
release button on the buckle is positioned so you
would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if
you ever had to.
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3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the
body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or a crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
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CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt should fit against your body.
Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! That includes
infants and all children smaller than adult size. Neither
the distance traveled nor the age and size of the traveler
changes the need, for everyone, to use safety restraints.
In fact, the law in every state in the United States and in
every Canadian province says children up to some age
must be restrained while in a vehicle.
Smaller Children and Babies
CAUTION:
Children who are up against, or very close to, any
air bag when it inflates can be seriously injured
or killed. This is true even though your vehicle
has Next Generation frontal air bags. Air bags
plus lap-shoulder belts offer the best protection
for adults, but not for young children and
infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system
nor its air bag system is designed for them.
Young children and infants need the protection
that a child restraint system can provide. Always
secure children properly in your vehicle.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
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CAUTION:
Smaller children and babies should always be
restrained in a child or infant restraint. The
instructions for the restraint will say whether it is
the right type and size for your child. A very
young child’s hip bones are so small that a
regular belt might not stay low on the hips, as it
should. Instead, the belt will likely be over the
child’s abdomen. In a crash, the belt would apply
force right on the child’s abdomen, which could
cause serious or fatal injuries. So, be sure that
any child small enough for one is always properly
restrained in a child or infant restraint.
Infants need complete support, including support for the
head and neck. This is necessary because an infant’s
neck is weak and its head weighs so much compared
with the rest of its body. In a frontal crash, an infant in a
rear-facing restraint settles into the restraint, so the crash
forces can be distributed across the strongest part of the
infant’s body, the back and shoulders. A baby should be
secured in an appropriate infant restraint. This is so
important that many hospitals today won’t release a
newborn infant to its parents unless there is an infant
restraint available for the baby’s first trip in a
motor vehicle.
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CAUTION: (Continued)
at only 25 mph (40 km/h), a 12-lb. (5.5 kg) baby
will suddenly become a 240-lb. (110 kg) force on
your arms. The baby would be almost impossible
to hold.
Secure the baby in an infant restraint.
CAUTION:
Never hold a baby in your arms while riding in a
vehicle. A baby doesn’t weigh much -- until a
crash. During a crash a baby will become so
heavy you can’t hold it. For example, in a crash
CAUTION: (Continued)
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Child Restraints
Every time infants and young children ride in
vehicles, they should have protection provided by
appropriate restraints.
Q:
What are the different types of add-on
child restraints?
A:
Add-on child restraints are available in four basic
types. When selecting a child restraint, take into
consideration not only the child’s weight and size,
but also whether or not the restraint will be
compatible with the motor vehicle in which it will
be used.
An infant car bed (A) is a special bed made for use
in a motor vehicle. It’s an infant restraint system
designed to restrain or position a child on a
continuous flat surface. With an infant car bed,
make sure that the infant’s head rests toward the
center of the vehicle.
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A rear-facing infant restraint (B) positions an infant
to face the rear of the vehicle. Rear-facing infant
restraints are designed for infants of up to about
20 lbs. (9 kg) and about one year of age. This type
of restraint faces the rear so that the infant’s head,
neck and body can have the support they need in a
frontal crash. Some infant seats come in two
parts -- the base stays secured in the vehicle and
the seat part is removable.
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A forward-facing child restraint (C-E) positions a
child upright to face forward in the vehicle. These
forward-facing restraints are designed to help
protect children who are from 20 to 40 lbs.
(9 to 18 kg) and about 26 to 40 inches
(66 to 102 cm) in height, or up to around four years
of age. One type, a convertible restraint, is
designed to be used either as a rear-facing infant
seat or a forward-facing child seat.
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A booster seat (F, G) is designed for children who are
about 40 to 60 lbs., or even up to 80 lbs. (18 to 27 kg, or
even up to 36 kg), and about four to eight years of age.
A booster seat is designed to improve the fit of the
vehicle’s safety belt system. Booster seats with shields
use lap-only belts; however, booster seats without
shields use lap-shoulder belts. Booster seats can also
help a child to see out the window.
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When choosing a child restraint, be sure the child
restraint is designed to be used in a vehicle. If it is, it
will have a label saying that it meets federal motor
vehicle safety standards.
Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You may
find these instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system in
your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured within
the restraint to help reduce the chance of personal injury.
The instructions that come with the infant or child
restraint will show you how to do that. Both the owner’s
manual and the child restraint instructions are important,
so if either one of these is not available, obtain a
replacement copy from the manufacturer.
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat. We at
General Motors therefore recommend that you put your
child restraint in the rear seat. Never put a rear-facing
child restraint in the front passenger seat. Here’s why:
CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates, even though your
vehicle has Next Generation frontal air bags. This
is because the back of the rear-facing child
restraint would be very close to the inflating air
bag. Always secure a rear-facing child restraint
in a rear seat.
You may secure a forward-facing child restraint
in the right front seat, but before you do, always
move the front passenger seat as far back as it
will go. It’s better to secure the child restraint in
a rear seat.
Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the child
restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move
around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people in
the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any child
restraint in your vehicle -- even when no child is in it.
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Top Strap
This work will be done for you free of charge. Or, you
may install the anchor yourself using the instructions
provided in the kit.
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Seat Position
Canadian law requires that forward-facing child
restraints have a top strap, and that the strap
be anchored.
If your child restraint has a top strap, it should be
anchored. If you need to have an anchor installed, your
dealer can obtain a kit with anchor hardware and
installation instructions specifically designed for this
vehicle. The dealer can then install the anchor for you.
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You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier part
about the top strap if the child restraint has one. Be sure
to follow the instructions that came with the child
restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when and
as the instructions say.
1. Put the restraint on the seat.
2. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
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Tilt the latch plate to adjust the belt if needed.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face or
neck, put it behind the child restraint.
3. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
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Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position
Your vehicle has a right front passenger air bag. Never
put a rear-facing child restraint in this seat. Here’s why:
CAUTION:
4. To tighten the belt, pull up on the shoulder belt while
you push down on the child restraint. If you’re using
a forward-facing child restraint, you may find it
helpful to use your knee to push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt.
5. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
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A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates, even though your
vehicle has Next Generation frontal air bags. This
is because the back of the rear-facing child
restraint would be very close to the inflating air
bag. Always secure a rear-facing child restraint
in the rear seat.
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Although a rear seat is a safer place, you can secure a
forward-facing child restraint in the right front seat.
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier part
about the top strap if the child restraint has one. Be sure
to follow the instructions that came with the child
restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when and
as the instructions say.
1. Because your vehicle has a right front passenger air
bag, always move the seat as far back as it will go
before securing a forward-facing child restraint.
(See “Seats” in the Index.)
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face or
neck, put it behind the child restraint.
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
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5. Pull the rest of the lap belt all the way out of the
retractor to set the lock.
6. To tighten the belt, feed the lap belt back into the
retractor while you push down on the child restraint.
You may find it helpful to use your knee to push
down on the child restraint as you tighten the belt.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
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Larger Children
Children who have outgrown child restraints should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear seat. But they need to use the
safety belts properly.
D Children who aren’t buckled up can be thrown out in
a crash.
D Children who aren’t buckled up can strike other
people who are.
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CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same belt. The
belt can’t properly spread the impact forces. In a
crash, the two children can be crushed together
and seriously injured. A belt must be used by
only one person at a time.
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Q:
What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but the child is so small that the shoulder belt is
very close to the child’s face or neck?
A:
If the child is sitting in a seat next to a window,
move the child toward the center of the vehicle. If
the child is sitting in the center rear seat passenger
position, move the child toward the safety belt
buckle. In either case, be sure that the shoulder belt
still is on the child’s shoulder, so that in a crash the
child’s upper body would have the restraint that
belts provide.
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CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is behind
the child. If the child wears the belt in this way, in
a crash the child might slide under the belt. The
belt’s force would then be applied right on the
child’s abdomen. That could cause serious or
fatal injuries.
The lap portion of the belt should be worn low and snug
on the hips, just touching the child’s thighs. This applies
belt force to the child’s pelvic bones in a crash.
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Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you
should use it.
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your
dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. When you go
in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so the
extender will be long enough for you. The extender will
be just for you, and just for the seat in your vehicle that
you choose. Don’t let someone else use it, and use it
only for the seat it is made to fit. To wear it, just attach it
to the regular safety belt.
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and
anchorages are working properly. Look for any other
loose or damaged safety belt system parts. If you see
anything that might keep a safety belt system from
doing its job, have it repaired.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a
crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt is
torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers, and
have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
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Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
If you’ve had a crash, do you need new belts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched, as they would be if worn
during a more severe crash, then you need new belts.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
damage also may mean you will need to have safety belt
or seat parts repaired or replaced. New parts and repairs
may be necessary even if the belt wasn’t being used at
the time of the collision.
If an air bag inflates, you’ll need to replace air bag
system parts. See the part on the air bag system earlier in
this section.
If the frontal air bags inflate, you’ll also need to replace
the driver’s and right front passenger’s safety belt
buckle assembly. Be sure to do so. Then the new buckle
assembly will be there to help protect you in a collision.
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Section 2 Features and Controls
Here you can learn about the many standard and optional features on your vehicle, and information on starting,
shifting and braking. Also explained are the instrument panel and the warning systems that tell you if everything is
working properly -- and what to do if you have a problem.
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Keys
Door Locks
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System
Trunk
Theft
Theft-Deterrent System
PASS-KeyR III
New Vehicle “Break-In”
Ignition Positions
Starting Your Engine
Engine Coolant Heater (If Equipped)
Automatic Transaxle Operation
Parking Brake
Shifting Into PARK (P)
Shifting Out of PARK (P)
Parking Over Things That Burn
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Engine Exhaust
Running Your Engine While You’re Parked
Windows
Tilt Wheel
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Exterior Lamps
Interior Lamps
Mirrors
Storage Compartments
Sun Visors
Sunroof (Option)
Universal Transmitter (Option)
The Instrument Panel -- Your
Information System
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators
Driver Information Center (DIC)
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Keys
CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the ignition
key is dangerous for many reasons. A child or
others could be badly injured or even killed.
They could operate power windows or other
controls or even make the vehicle move. If they
turned the ignition to ACC or ON and moved the
shift lever out of PARK (P), that would release
the parking brake. Don’t leave the keys in a
vehicle with children.
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Both the master and valet keys have a transponder
embedded into the key for security and theft deterrence.
The keys also come with a bar code tag. Keep the bar
code tag in a safe place. If you lose your key you will be
able to have a new one made using the bar code tag.
The replacement key must have a transponder embedded
in it.
NOTICE:
Master Key
Valet Key
There is a master key that works in all of the lock
cylinders (driver’s door, trunk, ignition and glove box).
There is also a valet key which only operates the
driver’s door and the ignition.
Your vehicle has a number of new features that
can help prevent theft. You can have a lot of
trouble getting into your vehicle if you ever lock
your key inside and you may have to damage
your vehicle to get in. Be sure you have an
extra key.
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Door Locks
CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
Passengers -- especially children -- can easily
open the doors and fall out. When a door is
locked, the inside handle won’t open it.
Outsiders can easily enter through an unlocked
door when you slow down or stop your vehicle.
This may not be so obvious: You increase the
chance of being thrown out of the vehicle in a
crash if the doors aren’t locked. Wear safety belts
properly, lock your doors, and you will be far
better off whenever you drive your vehicle.
There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle.
From the outside, use either the key or the Remote
Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter.
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Because your vehicle has the theft-deterrent system, you
must unlock the doors with the key or RKE transmitter
to avoid setting off the alarm.
The manual lock is on the
top of the door panel near
the window. Push the
manual lock lever down to
lock the door from the
inside. To unlock the door,
raise the lock lever.
Central Door Unlocking System
When unlocking the driver’s door, you can unlock the
other doors by holding the key in the turned position for
a few seconds or by quickly turning the key twice in the
lock cylinder.
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Power Door Locks
Automatic Door Locks
Press the top of the power
door lock switch to unlock
all of the doors at once.
Press the down arrow to
lock the doors.
Close your doors and turn on the ignition. Every time
you move the shift lever out of PARK (P), all of the
doors will lock. The doors will unlock every time you
stop the vehicle and move the shift lever back into
PARK (P). If someone needs to get out while your
vehicle is not in PARK (P), have that person use the
manual or power door locks. When the door is closed
again, it will not lock automatically. Use the manual or
power door locks to lock the door again. If you need to
lock the doors before shifting out of PARK (P), use the
manual or power door locks.
Programmable Automatic Door Locks
The rear power door lock switches only provide a lock
function as a safety feature. They will not unlock
the doors.
With the vehicle in PARK (P) and the ignition in ON,
the door locks can be programmed through prompts
displayed by the Driver Information Center (DIC).
These prompts allow the driver to choose various lock
and unlock settings. For programming information, see
“Memory and Personalization Features” in the Index.
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Rear Door Security Lock
Your vehicle is equipped
with rear door security
locks that help prevent
passengers from opening
the rear doors of your
vehicle from the inside.
To Cancel the Rear Door Lock
1. You may unlock the door by using the remote
keyless entry transmitter, the front door power lock
switch or by lifting the rear door manual lock. Open
the door from the outside.
2. Move the lever all the way down.
3. Do the same for the other rear door.
The rear door locks will now work normally.
Anti-Lockout Feature
3. Do the same thing to the other rear door lock.
Leaving your key in any ignition position with any door
open will disable the use of the power door locks and
the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) lock function. If you
close the doors, you can lock them using the power door
locks or the (RKE) system. It is always recommended
that you remove the ignition key when locking
your vehicle.
The rear doors of your vehicle cannot be opened from
the inside when this feature is in use.
The anti-lockout feature can be overridden by holding
the power door lock switch for three seconds or longer.
To Open a Rear Door with the Security Lock
1. You may unlock the door by using the remote
keyless entry transmitter, the front door power lock
switch or by lifting the rear door lock knob.
2. Then open the door from the outside.
Leaving Your Vehicle
To Use One of These Locks
1. Move the lever on the door all the way up to the
ENGAGED position.
2. Close the door.
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If you are leaving the vehicle, open the door, set the
locks from the inside, get out and close the door.
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Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System
With this feature, you can
lock and unlock the doors,
unlock the trunk, open the
fuel door and turn on your
vehicle’s interior lamps
from about 10 feet (3 m) up
to 30 feet (9 m) away using
the RKE transmitter
supplied with your vehicle.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation of
the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than an
authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
The range of this system is from about 10 feet (3 m) up
to 30 feet (9 m). At times you may notice a decrease in
range. This is normal for any RKE system. If the
transmitter does not work or if you have to stand closer
to your vehicle for the transmitter to work, try this:
Your remote keyless entry (RKE) system is intended to
be used as an added vehicle entry device. It is not
intended to replace a door key. It operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
D Check to determine if battery replacement is
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
D Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may be
necessary. See the instructions that follow.
D Check the distance. You may be too far from your
vehicle. You may need to stand closer during rainy
or snowy weather.
blocking the signal. Take a few steps to the left or
right, hold the transmitter higher, and try again.
D If you’re still having trouble, see your dealer or a
qualified technician for service.
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Operation
When you press this button to unlock the driver’s
door, the parking lamps on your vehicle will flash twice.
(You can program your vehicle so the parking lamps
will not flash. For more information, see “Remote
Confirmation” in the Index.) Pressing this button again
within one to five seconds will unlock the other doors.
Pressing this button will also disarm the theft-deterrent
system and turn on the interior lamps at night.
When you press this button to lock the doors, the
parking lamps will flash once and the horn will sound
once. (You can program your vehicle so the parking
lamps will not flash and/or the horn will not sound. For
more information, see “Remote Confirmation” in the
Index.) This also arms the theft-deterrent system when
the ignition is turned off.
Press this button to open the trunk. (The valet lock
switch must be in the OFF position.)
Press this button to open the fuel door. (The valet
lock switch must be in the OFF position.)
The numbers on the back of the RKE transmitter
correspond to Driver 1 and Driver 2. See “Memory Seat
and Personalization” in the Index. Remote confirmation
is not operational if any door is open.
The RKE transmitter can also be used to recall the
memory seats for up to two drivers. For more
information, see “Memory Seat and Mirrors” in
the Index.
Matching Transmitter(s) To Your Vehicle
Each remote keyless entry transmitter is coded to
prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle.
If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can be
purchased through your dealer. Once your dealer has
coded the new transmitter, the lost transmitter will not
unlock your vehicle. Each vehicle can have only up to
four transmitters matched to it.
All transmitters must be present when replacement or
additional transmitters are being programmed.
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Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the battery in your remote keyless
entry transmitter should last about four years.
You can tell the battery is weak if the transmitter won’t
work at the normal range in any location. If you have to
get close to your vehicle before the transmitter works,
it’s probably time to change the battery.
NOTICE:
When replacing the battery, use care not to touch
any of the circuitry. Static from your body
transferred to these surfaces may damage
the transmitter.
1. Use a coin (or a similar object) to pry open
the transmitter.
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Resynchronization
Pressing the transmitter buttons numerous times
(approximately 250 times) out of the vehicle’s operating
range may cause the transmitter not to work. Replacing
the battery and pressing the transmitter buttons out of
range will also cause the transmitter not to work. If only
the fuel door button works, the transmitter needs to be
resynchronized to the receiver. Do this by pressing and
holding both the lock and unlock buttons on the
transmitter for about eight seconds. You must be within
range of the vehicle.
2. Once the transmitter is separated, use a pencil (or a
similar object) to remove the old battery. Do not use
a metal object.
3. Insert the new battery as the instructions under the
cover indicate.
4. Snap the transmitter back together tightly to be sure
no moisture can enter.
5. Resynchronize the transmitter. See the instructions
that follow.
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Once the transmitter has been resynchronized, the horn
will sound and the exterior lamps will flash once. The
system should now operate properly. See your dealer for
service if your transmitter still doesn’t work properly.
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Trunk
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to drive with the trunk lid
open because carbon monoxide (CO) gas can
come into your vehicle. You can’t see or smell
CO. It can cause unconsciousness and even death.
If you must drive with the trunk lid open or if
electrical wiring or other cable connections must
pass through the seal between the body and the
trunk lid:
D Make sure all other windows are shut.
D Turn the fan on your heating or cooling
system to its highest speed with the setting
on AUTO and the temperature between
65_F (18_C) and 85_F (29_C). That will
force outside air into your vehicle. See
“Comfort Controls” in the Index.
D If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the way.
See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index.
Trunk Lock Release
The trunk lock release button
is located on the left side of
the instrument panel below
the lamp controls. To use this
feature, your vehicle must
be in PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) and the
VALET lockout button must
be in the OFF position.
To open the trunk, press the trunk lock release
button upward.
You can also press the trunk release button on the
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter to access the
trunk compartment.
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Trunk Storage System (Option)
To install the storage system:
1. Remove the mat from the floor of the trunk. Remove
the handle from the spare tire panel and store it with
the spare tire.
2. Place the trunk storage system on the center of the
trunk floor (the cut-out portion of the storage system
should be facing the front of the vehicle). Slide the
storage system fully forward.
3. Center the storage system access hole over the area
where the spare tire panel handle was located.
Position the storage system as needed and then
secure it with the retainer.
4. Attach the removable net to the slots located on the
side and front of the divider walls.
Once in place, the storage system can be moved forward
or rearward for convenience and easy accessing of
stored items.
The trunk storage system can be used to organize many
different items inside the trunk. The storage
compartment (A) is located on top of the spare tire
cover (B).
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The following steps explain how to remove the trunk
storage system for cleaning or in case you need to access
the spare tire. Follow all of these steps if the storage
system is in the open position. Begin with Step 2 if the
system is already closed.
Rear Seat Pass-Through Door
1. Fully close the trunk storage system.
2. Slide the storage system fully forward.
3. Remove the retainer by turning it counterclockwise.
4. Remove the trunk storage system from the trunk.
5. Replace the spare tire panel handle.
6. Replace the mat on the floor of the trunk.
There is also a small storage compartment located on the
right of the trunk in the side trim panel. You can access
the compartment by lifting the panel door.
The rear seat pass-through release button is located in
the trunk. To release the pass-through door, press the
PUSH button located in the center of the trunk panel.
Note: The rear-seat armrest must be pushed down for
the pass-through door to open. You may close the door
from inside the vehicle.
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Trunk Lid Tie Down
CAUTION:
Driving with the trunk lid open can allow
dangerous CO (carbon monoxide) gas to come
into your vehicle. You can’t see or smell CO. It
can cause unconsciousness and even death. If you
ever need to drive with your trunk lid open, then:
D Make sure all windows, the rear seat
pass-through and sunroof are closed.
D Turn the fan on your heating and cooling
system to its highest speed, with the setting
on VENT. This forces fresh outside air into
your vehicle.
D Open all air ducts on the instrument panel.
Don’t use the Trunk Lid Tie Down if you are
towing a trailer, or if you are carrying a pet in the
trunk, because of the danger of CO.
This feature is used to secure the trunk lid if it will not
close completely, such as when carrying large packages
in the trunk.
1. Attach the end loop of the tie down to the retainer
located at the center of the trunk sill (see view B).
2. Attach the clip end of the tie down to the D-ring on
the trunk lid (see view A).
3. Tighten the tie down by pulling the free end of the
cord until secure.
4. To remove the tie down, press the clip end to release
and loosen the cord.
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Theft
Parking Lots
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
Although your vehicle has a number of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put on it can make it
impossible to steal. However, there are ways you
can help.
If you park in a lot where someone will be watching
your vehicle, it’s best to lock it up and take your keys.
But what if you have to leave your ignition key?
Key in the Ignition
If you leave your vehicle with the keys inside, it’s an
easy target for joy riders or professional thieves -- so
don’t do it.
When you park your vehicle and open the driver’s door,
you’ll hear a chime reminding you to remove your key
from the ignition and take it with you. Always do this.
Your steering wheel will be locked, and so will your
ignition and transaxle. And remember to lock the doors.
Parking at Night
Park in a lighted spot, close all windows and lock your
vehicle. Remember to keep your valuables out of sight.
Put them in a storage area, or take them with you.
D If possible, park in a busy, well lit area.
D Put your valuables in a storage area, like your
trunk or glove box. Be sure to close and lock the
storage area.
D
D
D
D
Close all windows.
Lock the glove box.
Lock all doors except the driver’s.
Give the valet key to the valet. Then take the master
key with you.
Theft-Deterrent System
If the ignition is off and any
door is open, the
SECURITY light will flash,
reminding you to arm
the system.
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To arm the system, do the following:
1. Open the door.
2. Lock the door using the power door lock switch with
the door open or the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
system. The SECURITY light should come on and
stay on.
3. Close all the doors. The SECURITY light should go
off within approximately 30 seconds.
When the theft system activates, the horn will sound and
the lamps will flash for about 30 seconds when the door
or trunk is opened without the key or RKE system.
Remember, the theft-deterrent system won’t arm if you
lock the doors with a key or use the manual door lock. It
activates only if you use a power door lock with the
door open or the RKE system.
To avoid activating the alarm by accident:
D The vehicle should be locked with the door key or
the manual door lock after the doors are closed if
you don’t want to arm the theft-deterrent system.
D Always unlock a door with a key or use the RKE
system. (Pressing the unlock button on the RKE
transmitter disables the theft-deterrent system.)
Unlocking a door any other way will activate the
alarm when a door or the trunk is opened.
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If you activate the alarm by accident, unlock the driver’s
door with your key. You can also turn off the alarm by
using the unlock button on the RKE system, or by
starting the car with a valid key.
Changes or modifications made to this system by other
than an authorized service facility could void
authorization to use the theft system.
Testing the Alarm
1. From inside the vehicle, roll down the window, then
get out of the vehicle, keeping the door open.
2. From outside of the vehicle, with the door open, lock
the vehicle using the power door lock or the RKE
system and close the door. Wait 30 seconds until the
SECURITY lamp goes off.
3. Reach in and unlock the door using the manual lock
and open the door. The horn will sound and the
hazard lights will flash.
You can turn off the alarm by unlocking the driver’s
door with your key, using the unlock button on the RKE
transmitter or by starting the car with a valid key.
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If the alarm does not sound when it should, check to see
if the horn works. The horn fuse may be blown. To
replace the fuse, see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the
Index. If the fuse does not need to be replaced, you may
need to have your vehicle serviced.
To reduce the possibility of theft, always arm the
theft-deterrent system when leaving your vehicle.
Valet Lock
This switch is located inside the glove box on the
left-hand side. Pressing this switch to ON will disable
the use of the trunk, fuel door and garage door opener.
Pressing this switch to
OFF will make these
features reusable.
Locking the glove box with your key will also help to
secure your vehicle. Note that the RKE transmitter can’t
open the trunk or fuel door if the valet lock switch is in
the ON position.
PASS-KeyR III
Your vehicle is equipped
with the PASS-Key III
(Personalized Automotive
Security System)
theft-deterrent system.
PASS-Key III is a passive
theft-deterrent system. This
means you don’t have to do
anything different to arm or
disarm the system. It works
when you insert or remove
the key from the ignition.
Your PASS-Key III system operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
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This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation of
the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than an
authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
PASS-Key III uses a radio frequency transponder in the
key that matches a decoder in your vehicle.
When the PASS-Key III system senses that someone is
using the wrong key, it shuts down the vehicle’s starter
and fuel systems. The starter will not work and fuel will
stop being delivered to the engine. Anyone using a
trial-and-error method to start the vehicle will be
discouraged because of the high number of electrical
key codes.
If when trying to start the vehicle, the engine does not
start and the STARTING DISABLED REMOVE KEY
message is displayed in the Driver Information Center,
your key should be checked for damage. Turn the
ignition off and try again.
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If the engine still does not start, and the key appears to
be undamaged, try another ignition key. At this time,
you may also want to check the fuse (see “Fuses and
Circuit Breakers” in the Index). If the engine still does
not start with the other key, your vehicle needs service.
If your vehicle does start, the first key may be faulty.
See your dealer or a locksmith who can service the
PASS-Key III to have a new key made.
If you are ever driving and the SERVICE THEFT
SYSTEM message is displayed in the Driver
Information Center or the SECURITY light comes on
and stays on, you will be able to restart your engine if
you turn it off. Your vehicle is not protected by the
PASS-KeyR III system at this time. Your PASS-Key III
system is not working properly and must be serviced by
your dealer.
If you lose or damage a PASS-Key III key, see your
dealer or a locksmith who can service PASS-Key III to
have a new key made.
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New Vehicle “Break-In”
NOTICE:
Your vehicle doesn’t need an elaborate
“break-in.” But it will perform better in the long
run if you follow these guidelines:
D Don’t drive at any one speed -- fast or
slow -- for the first 500 miles (805 km).
Don’t make full-throttle starts.
D Avoid making hard stops for the first
200 miles (322 km) or so. During this time
your new brake linings aren’t yet broken
in. Hard stops with new linings can mean
premature wear and earlier replacement.
Follow this breaking-in guideline every
time you get new brake linings.
D Don’t tow a trailer during break-in.
See “Towing a Trailer” in the Index for
more information.
Ignition Positions
CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the ignition
key is dangerous for many reasons. A child or
others could be injured or even killed. They could
operate power windows or other controls or even
make the vehicle move. Don’t leave the keys in
the vehicle with children.
With the key in the ignition switch, you can turn the key
to four different positions:
OFF: This position lets you
turn off the engine and
remove the key. It doesn’t
lock the steering wheel.
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NOTICE:
If your key seems stuck in OFF and you can’t
turn it, be sure you are using the correct key; if
so, is it all the way in? Turn the key only with
your hand. Using a tool to force it could break
the key or the ignition switch. If none of this
works, then your vehicle needs service.
ACC: This position lets you use things like the radio
and the windshield wipers when the engine is off. Use
ACC if you must have your vehicle in motion while
the engine is off (for example, if your vehicle is
being pushed).
ON: This is the position for driving.
START: This position starts the engine.
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Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
The following accessories on your vehicle may be used
for up to 10 minutes after the ignition key is turned from
ON to OFF:
D
D
D
D
D
Cellular Phone (If Equipped)
Radio
Power Windows
Steering Wheel Controls (If Equipped)
Sunroof (Option)
Power to these accessories stops after 10 minutes or if
any door is opened. If you want power for another
10 minutes, close all the doors and turn the ignition key
to ON and then back to OFF. If the cellular phone is
being used while Retained Accessory Power is in effect,
the timer is suspended (to avoid interruption of the call).
The timer resets to 10 minutes at the end of the call.
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Starting Your Engine
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine won’t start in any other position -- that’s a
safety feature. To restart when you’re already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
NOTICE:
Don’t try to shift to PARK (P) if your vehicle is
moving. If you do, you could damage the
transaxle. Shift to PARK (P) only when your
vehicle is stopped.
1. Without pushing the accelerator pedal, turn your
ignition key to START. When the engine starts, let
go of the key. The idle speed will go down as your
engine gets warm.
NOTICE:
Holding your key in START for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to be
drained much sooner. And the excessive heat can
damage your starter motor. Wait about
15 seconds between each try to help avoid
draining your battery or damaging your starter.
2. If it doesn’t start right away, hold your key in
START for about three seconds at a time until your
engine starts. Wait about 15 seconds between each
try to help avoid draining your battery or damaging
your starter.
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3. If your engine still won’t start (or starts but then
stops), it could be flooded with too much gasoline.
Try pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to the
floor and holding it there as you hold the key in
START for about three seconds. If the vehicle starts
briefly but then stops again, do the same thing.
Engine Coolant Heater (If Equipped)
NOTICE:
Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts or accessories, you could change the way
the engine operates. Before adding electrical
equipment, check with your dealer. If you don’t,
your engine might not perform properly.
If you ever have to have your vehicle towed, see
the part of this manual that tells how to do it
without damaging your vehicle. See “Towing
Your Vehicle” in the Index.
A. Engine Oil Dipstick Location
B. Engine Coolant Heater Cord
C. Transaxle Dipstick/Fluid Fill Location
In very cold weather, 0_F (-18_C) or colder, the engine
coolant heater can help. You’ll get easier starting and
better fuel economy during engine warm-up. Usually,
the coolant heater should be plugged in a minimum of
four hours prior to starting your vehicle.
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To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
The electrical cord is located on the driver’s side of
the engine, behind the transaxle dipstick/fluid fill
location (C) and next to the engine.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt AC outlet.
CAUTION:
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug and
store the cord as it was before to keep it away from
moving engine parts. If you don’t, it could
be damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answer depends on the outside temperature, the
kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead of
trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact
your dealer in the area where you’ll be parking your
vehicle. The dealer can give you the best advice for that
particular area.
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet
could cause an electrical shock. Also, the wrong
kind of extension cord could overheat and cause
a fire. You could be seriously injured. Plug the
cord into a properly grounded three-prong
110-volt AC outlet. If the cord won’t reach, use a
heavy-duty three-prong extension cord rated for
at least 15 amps.
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Automatic Transaxle Operation
CAUTION: (Continued)
There are several different positions for the shift lever.
PARK (P): This locks the
front wheels. It’s the best
position to use when you
start the engine because
your vehicle can’t
move easily.
CAUTION:
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the
shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
CAUTION: (Continued)
2-24
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
move the shift lever to PARK (P).
See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index. If
you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towing a Trailer” in
the Index.
Ensure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) before
starting the engine. Your vehicle has a Brake-Transaxle
Shift Interlock (BTSI). You have to fully apply your
regular brakes before you can shift from PARK (P)
when the ignition key is in ON. If you cannot shift the
shift lever all the way into PARK (P), ease pressure on
the shift lever and push the shift lever all the way into
PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then
move the shift lever into the gear you wish. See
“Shifting Out of PARK (P)” in the Index.
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REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
CAUTION:
NOTICE:
Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle is
moving forward could damage your transaxle.
Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle
has stopped.
Also use this gear to rock your vehicle back and forth to
get out of snow, ice or sand without damaging your
transaxle. See “Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow” in the
Index for additional information.
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, the engine doesn’t
connect with the wheels. To restart when you’re already
moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. Also use
NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.
Shifting out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) while
your engine is “racing” (running at high speed) is
dangerous. Unless your foot is firmly on the
brake pedal, your vehicle could move very
rapidly. You could lose control and hit people or
objects. Don’t shift out of PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) while your engine is racing.
B
OVERDRIVE ( ): This position is for normal driving.
If you need more power for passing, and you’re:
D Going less than 35 mph (55 km/h), push the
accelerator pedal about halfway down.
D Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push the
accelerator all the way down.
The transaxle will shift down to the next gear and
have more power.
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NOTICE:
If your vehicle seems to start up rather slowly, or
if it doesn’t seem to shift gears as you accelerate,
something may be wrong with a transaxle system
sensor. If you drive very far that way, your
vehicle can be damaged. So if this happens, have
your vehicle serviced right away. Until then, you
can use SECOND (2) when you are driving less
than 35 mph (55 km/h) and OVERDRIVE ( )
for higher speeds.
B
THIRD (3): This position is also used for normal
driving, however, it offers more power and lower fuel
economy than OVERDRIVE ( ).
B
Here are examples for using THIRD (3) instead of
OVERDRIVE ( ):
B
D When driving on hilly, winding roads.
D When going down a steep hill.
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SECOND (2): This position gives you more power. You
can use SECOND (2) on hills. It can help control your
speed as you go down steep mountain roads, but then
you would also want to use your brakes off and on.
NOTICE:
Don’t shift into SECOND (2) unless you are going
slower than 65 mph (105 km/h), or you can
damage your engine.
FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power
than SECOND (2). You can use it on very steep hills, or
in deep snow or mud.
Note: If the traction control switch is off, your vehicle
will not go into FIRST (1) gear and the vehicle will
accelerate from stop more slowly. This can help in deep
snow or mud conditions. When the traction control is
turned off, a message will be lit on the Driver
Information Center (DIC).
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NOTICE:
If your front wheels can’t rotate, don’t try to
drive. This might happen if you were stuck in
very deep sand or mud or were up against a solid
object. You could damage your transaxle.
Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold
your vehicle there with only the accelerator
pedal. This could cause overheating and damage
the transaxle. Use your brakes to hold your
vehicle in position on a hill.
Parking Brake
Hold the regular brake
pedal down with your right
foot and push the parking
brake pedal down with your
left foot to set the parking
brake. If the ignition is on,
the PARK indicator light
should come on. If it
doesn’t, you need to have
your vehicle serviced.
If the parking brake has not been fully released and you
try to drive with the parking brake on, the PARK
indicator light comes on and stays on. See “Parking
Brake Indicator Light” in the Index for
more information.
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When you shift out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) and
the engine is on, the parking brake should release. If it
doesn’t, you can manually release the parking brake.
CAUTION:
Always shift to PARK (P) before pulling the
manual release lever. If your hand or arm is in
the way of the pedal you could be hurt. The pedal
springs back quickly. Keep your hand and arm
away when you use the manual release lever.
Before releasing the manual parking brake, be sure to
put the vehicle in PARK (P) and turn the ignition
to OFF.
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Reach under the driver’s side of the instrument panel
and pull down on the manual release lever, which is
located behind the parking brake pedal. Pull down on
the yellow tab as shown by the arrow in the illustration.
If the parking brake does not release, you should have
your vehicle towed to your dealer for service.
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NOTICE:
Driving with the parking brake on can cause
your rear brakes to overheat. You may have to
replace them and you could also damage other
parts of your vehicle.
If you are towing a trailer and are parking on a hill, see
“Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
Console Shift Lever
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot.
2. Move the shift lever into
PARK (P) by holding in
the button on the shift
lever and pushing the
lever all the way toward
the front of your vehicle.
Shifting Into PARK (P)
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll. If
you have left the engine running, the vehicle can
move suddenly. You or others could be injured.
To be sure your vehicle won’t move, even when
you’re on fairly level ground, use the steps that
follow. If you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towing a
Trailer” in the Index.
3. With your right foot still holding the brake pedal
down, set the parking brake.
4. Turn the ignition key to OFF.
5. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
leave your vehicle with the ignition key in your
hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
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Leaving Your Vehicle With the
Engine Running
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with the
engine running. Your vehicle could move
suddenly if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P)
with the parking brake firmly set. And, if you
leave the vehicle with the engine running, it could
overheat and even catch fire. You or others could
be injured. Don’t leave your vehicle with the
engine running unless you have to.
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and your
parking brake is firmly set before you leave it.
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Torque Lock
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your
transaxle into PARK (P) properly, the weight of the
vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl in
the transaxle. You may find it difficult to pull the shift
lever out of PARK (P). This is called “torque lock.” To
prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and then shift
into PARK (P) properly before you leave the driver’s
seat. To find out how, see “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in
the Index.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have another
vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of the
pressure from the parking pawl in the transaxle, so you
can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).
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Shifting Out of PARK (P)
CAUTION:
Before shifting out of PARK (P) you must fully
apply your regular brakes. Your vehicle can roll.
If you have left the engine running, the vehicle
can move suddenly. You or others could be
injured. If you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towing a
Trailer” in the Index.
Your vehicle has a Brake-Transaxle Shift Interlock
(BTSI). You have to fully apply your regular brakes
before you can shift from PARK (P) when the ignition is
in ON. See “Automatic Transaxle” in the Index.
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on
the shift lever. Push the shift lever all the way into
PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then
move the shift lever into the gear you want. If you ever
hold the brake pedal down but still can’t shift out of
PARK (P), try this:
1. Turn the ignition key to ACC. Open and close the
driver’s door to turn off the Retained Accessory
Power (RAP) feature.
2. Apply and hold the brake until the end of Step 4.
3. Shift to NEUTRAL (N).
4. Start the vehicle and then shift to the drive gear
you want.
5. Have the vehicle fixed as soon as you can.
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Parking Over Things That Burn
Engine Exhaust
CAUTION:
CAUTION:
Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust
parts under your vehicle and ignite. Don’t park
over papers, leaves, dry grass or other things that
can burn.
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Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the gas
carbon monoxide (CO), which you can’t see or
smell. It can cause unconsciousness and death.
You might have exhaust coming in if:
D Your exhaust system sounds strange
or different.
D Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
D Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
D Your vehicle was damaged when driving
over high points on the road or over
road debris.
D Repairs weren’t done correctly.
D Your vehicle or exhaust system had been
modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into
your vehicle:
D Drive it only with all the windows down to
blow out any CO; and
D Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
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Running Your Engine While
You’re Parked
It’s better not to park with the engine running. But if you
ever have to, here are some things to know.
CAUTION:
Idling the engine with the climate control system
off could allow dangerous exhaust into your
vehicle (see the earlier Caution under
“Engine Exhaust”).
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) into your vehicle even if
the fan switch is at the highest setting. One place
this can happen is a garage. Exhaust -- with
CO -- can come in easily. NEVER park in a
garage with the engine running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.
(See “Blizzard” in the Index.)
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you’ve left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake after
you move the shift lever to PARK (P).
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle won’t
move. See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index.
If you are parking on a hill and if you’re pulling a
trailer, also see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
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Windows
Power Windows
Express-Down Window
This feature is on all power windows. Press the down
arrow to the second position to activate the
express-down feature. If you want to stop the window as
it is lowering, press the control again.
Rear Window Lockout
This is a useful feature if
you have children as
passengers. Pressing the
LOCK button down will
disable the rear passenger’s
window controls. A light on
the button will display to
indicate that the rear
window controls
are disabled.
The power window controls are located on the armrest
near each window. Press the up or down arrows on the
controls to raise or lower the windows.
Your vehicle has Retained Accessory Power (RAP). See
“Retained Accessory Power” in the Index.
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As the driver, you will still have control of the windows.
Press the LOCK button again to allow your passengers
to use their window controls. The light on the button
goes out to indicate that the rear window controls
are enabled.
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Horn
The horn can be sounded by pressing on the center of
the steering wheel pad.
Tilt Wheel
Power Tilt Wheel (and Telescopic
Wheel)(Option)
To operate the power tilt
feature, push the control up
and the steering wheel will
tilt up. Push the control
down and the steering wheel
will go down.
Push the control forward and the steering wheel moves
toward the front of the vehicle. Push the control
rearward and the steering wheel moves toward the rear
of the vehicle. To set the memory position, see
“Memory and Personalization Features” in the Index.
Tilt steering allows you to adjust the steering wheel
before you drive. Raising the steering wheel to the
highest level gives your legs more room when you enter
and exit the vehicle.
Hold the steering wheel and pull the lever toward you to
bring the steering wheel close to you. Adjust the steering
wheel to a comfortable position and then release the
lever to lock it into place.
If the power tilt control is pressed up or down and held
in that position, there will be a slight movement and a
slight pause followed by a continuous movement in the
direction the control is being pressed. This allows very
fine control of the steering wheel position. If the control
is bumped, the steering wheel moves approximately one
degree in the direction commanded.
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Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Turn and Lane Change Signals
To signal a turn, move the lever on the left side of the
steering wheel all the way up or down. The lever returns
automatically when the turn is complete.
An arrow on the instrument
panel will flash in the
direction of the turn or
lane change.
Raise or lower the lever until the arrow starts to flash to
signal a lane change. Hold it there until the lane change
is complete. The lever returns when it’s released.
If the turn signal is left on, a warning chime will sound
and the Driver Information Center (DIC) will display
TURN SIGNAL ON (after driving about a mile) to
remind you to turn it off.
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Arrows that flash rapidly when signaling for a turn or
lane change may be caused by a burned-out signal bulb.
Other drivers won’t see the turn signal.
Replace burned-out bulbs to help avoid possible
accidents. Check the fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit
Breakers” in the Index) and check for burned-out bulbs
if the arrow fails to work when signaling a turn.
Headlamp High/Low Beam
When the low-beam headlamps are on, push the turn
signal lever away from you to change the headlamps to
high beam.
This light on the instrument
panel will be on, indicating
high-beam usage.
Pull the turn signal lever toward you to return to
low-beam headlamps.
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Flash-To-Pass
Windshield Wipers
This feature lets you use the high-beam headlamps to
signal the driver in front of you that you want to pass.
Pull the turn signal lever toward you briefly to
flash-to-pass. When you do:
D If the headlamps are either off or in the Daytime
Running Lamps (DRL) mode, the high-beam
headlamps will turn on. They’ll stay on as long as
you hold the lever there. Release the lever to turn
them off.
D If the headlamps are on low beam, they will remain
active and the high beam will also illuminate until
you release the lever.
You can control the windshield wipers by moving the
lever with the wiper symbol on it. This lever is located
on the right side of your steering column. For
information on wiper-activated headlamp operation,
refer to “Wiper-Activated Headlamps” in the Index.
LO or HI: Move the lever up to LO for steady wiping
at a slow speed. Move the lever higher to HI for steady
wiping at a high speed.
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INT (DELAY): Move the lever up to the INT position,
then turn the INT ADJ band, which is located on the
lever, to adjust the delay time. The higher you turn the
INT ADJ band, the more frequent the wipers
will operate.
OFF: Lower the lever to its resting position (OFF) to
turn off the wipers.
MIST: Pull the lever down once and release it for a
single wipe cycle. For more cycles, hold the lever down
in the MIST position longer.
To wash the windshield, press the button located at the
tip of the lever.
Be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper blades
before using them. If they’re frozen to the windshield,
carefully loosen or thaw them. If the blades do become
damaged, get new blades or blade inserts.
Heavy snow or ice can overload the wiper motor. A
circuit breaker will stop the motor until it cools. Clear
away snow or ice to prevent an overload.
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Rainsense
t Wipers (If Equipped)
The moisture sensor is mounted on the passenger’s
interior side of the windshield behind the rearview
mirror and is used to automatically operate the wipers
by monitoring the amount of moisture that is on
the windshield.
The Rainsense system can be activated by moving the
wiper stalk up to the INT position and turning the INT
ADJ band to one of five sensitivity settings. The bottom
INT ADJ position is the lowest sensitivity setting. This
allows more water to collect on the windshield between
wipes. Turning the INT ADJ band to the other INT ADJ
settings increases the sensitivity of the system and the
frequency of wipes. A single wipe will occur each time
you turn the INT ADJ band to a higher sensitivity
setting. An initial wipe occurs when you turn the
ignition on as a reminder that Rainsense is active. The
windshield wipers also remain in a “high park” position,
even when the ignition is turned off.
The Rainsense wipers operate in a delay mode as well as
a continuous low or high speed depending on the
amount of moisture and the sensitivity setting. The
MIST and “wash” cycles operate as normal and are not
affected by the Rainsense function.
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NOTICE:
The wipers must be turned off when going
through a car wash to avoid damage.
It is important to note that the Rainsense wiping feature
(INT ADJ) can be overridden at any time by manually
changing the wiper control to LO or HI speed.
NOTICE:
Do not place stickers or other items on the
exterior glass surface directly in front of the
moisture sensor. Doing this could cause the
moisture sensor to malfunction.
Windshield Washer
The windshield washer has both a “demand” mode and a
“programmed” mode, depending on the amount of
windshield washer fluid you need.
CAUTION:
In freezing weather, don’t use your washer until
the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the washer
fluid can form ice on the windshield, blocking
your vision.
To spray washer fluid on the windshield in the
programmed mode, press and release the button on the
tip of the lever. The washer will provide a measured
amount of fluid to the windshield and the wiper will
either stop or return to your original wiping speed. To
spray washer fluid on the windshield in the demand
mode, press and hold the button until you have enough
fluid, and the wipers will either stop or return to your
original wiping speed.
CHECK WASHER FLUID will be displayed on the DIC
when the washer fluid reaches a low level.
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Cruise Control
The cruise control lever is
located on the lower right
side of the steering column.
CAUTION:
D Cruise control can be dangerous where you
D
With cruise control, you can maintain a speed of about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more without keeping your foot on
the accelerator. This can help on long trips. Cruise
control does not work at speeds below about 25 mph
(40 km/h). When cruise control is on, you will see a
telltale labeled CRUISE in the instrument cluster.
Cruise control shuts off when you apply your brakes.
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can’t drive safely at a steady speed. So,
don’t use your cruise control on winding
roads or in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads, fast changes
in tire traction can cause needless wheel
spinning, and you could lose control. Don’t
use cruise control on slippery roads.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction
control system begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise
control will automatically disengage. (See “Traction
Control System” in the Index.) When road conditions
allow you to safely use it again, you may turn the cruise
control back on.
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Setting Cruise Control
CAUTION:
If you leave your cruise control switch on when
you’re not using cruise, you might hit a button
and go into cruise when you don’t want to. You
could be startled and even lose control. Keep the
cruise control switch off until you want to use it.
Once you’re going about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more,
you can move the cruise control lever up to RES/ACC
(Resume/Accelerate) briefly to reset. This returns you to
your desired preset speed. The CRUISE telltale will
come on.
If you hold the lever at RES/ACC more than half a
second, the vehicle will accelerate until you release the
lever or apply the brake. So unless you want to go faster,
don’t hold the lever at RES/ACC.
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise Control
There are two ways to go to a higher speed:
1. Press the button at the end of the lever to turn on
the system.
2. Accelerate to the speed you want.
3. Move the lever down once to SET/CST. The
CRUISE telltale will come on.
4. Remove your foot from the accelerator pedal.
Resuming a Set Speed
Setting the cruise control at a desired speed and then
applying the brake will end the cruise function.
D Use the accelerator pedal to go to a higher speed.
Move the cruise lever to SET/CST and then release
the lever and the accelerator pedal. You’ll now cruise
at the higher speed.
D Move the lever up to RES/ACC. Hold it there until
you reach a desired speed and then release the lever.
To increase your speed in very small amounts, move
the lever up to RES/ACC one second at a time. Each
time you do this, your vehicle will go about 1 mph
(1.6 km/h) faster.
The accelerate feature will only work after you have set
the cruise control speed by moving the cruise lever
down to SET/CST.
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Reducing Speed While Using Cruise Control
Using Cruise Control on Hills
There are two ways to reduce your speed while using
cruise control:
How well your cruise control will work on hills depends
upon your speed, load and the steepness of the hills.
When going up steep hills, you may have to step on the
accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear
to keep your speed down. Of course, applying the brakes
or downshifting into FIRST (1) takes you out of cruise
control. Many drivers find this to be too much trouble
and don’t use cruise control on steep hills.
D Move the cruise lever down to SET/CST and hold it
there until you reach a desired lower speed, then
release it.
D To slow down in very small amounts, move the
cruise lever to SET/CST briefly. Each time you do
this, you’ll go 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using Cruise Control
Ending Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed. When
you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow
down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.
There are three ways to end cruise control:
D Step lightly on the brake pedal.
D Press the button at the end of the cruise lever.
D Pull the cruise lever (CANCEL) toward you.
Erasing Speed Memory
The cruise control set speed memory is erased when you
turn off the cruise control or the ignition.
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Parking Lamps
Exterior Lamps
The control on the left
side of the instrument
panel controls these
lamp systems:
Turn the exterior lamps control knob once clockwise to
turn on the parking lamps, taillamps, sidemarker lamps,
license plate lamp and underhood lamp. Turn the control
counterclockwise to turn these lamps off. The parking
brake indicator light will be on if the parking lamps
are on.
Headlamps
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
Headlamps
The control for the headlamps is on the left side of the
instrument panel. Turn the exterior lamps control knob
all the way clockwise to turn the headlamps on. Turn the
control knob all the way counterclockwise to turn the
headlamps off.
Taillamps
Wiper-Activated Headlamps
Sidemarker Lamps
This feature turns on the headlamps and parking lamps
after the windshield wipers have been in use for
approximately six seconds.
Parking Lamps
License Plate Lamp
Underhood Lamp
Fog Lamps (STS Only)
Instrument Panel Lights
Interior Courtesy Lamps
Instrument panel backlighting will dim only when it is
dark outside.
To operate the wiper-activated headlamps, the Twilight
SentinelR must be on. If the wiper-activated headlamps
are on and the ignition key is turned to ACC, the
wiper-activated headlamps will continue. When you
turn the key to OFF or ACC, the wiper-activated
headlamps will immediately turn off.
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The wiper-activated headlamps will turn off if you turn
off the Twilight Sentinel or the windshield wipers. If
turned off by deactivating the Twilight Sentinel, a
HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED message will be
displayed on the Driver’s Information Center (DIC).
Lamps On Reminder
You will hear a warning chime if you open the driver’s
door while leaving the lamps on and the exterior lamps
control is activated. An exception to this is when you’re
using Twilight Sentinel or if the ignition is on.
Daytime Running Lamps
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier for
others to see the front of your vehicle during the day.
DRL can be helpful in many different driving
conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the
short periods after dawn and before sunset.
The DRL system will make the high-beam headlamps
come on at reduced brightness when:
D the ignition is on,
D the headlamp switch is off and
D the transaxle is not in PARK (P).
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When DRL are on, only your high-beam headlamps (at
reduced brightness) will be on. No other exterior lamps
such as the parking lamps, taillamps, etc. will be on
when the DRL are being used. Your instrument panel
won’t be lit up either.
When the Twilight SentinelR switch is on and it’s dark
enough outside, the high-beam headlamps (at reduced
intensity) will turn off and normal low-beam headlamp
operation will occur. When the Twilight Sentinel switch
is on and it’s bright enough outside, the regular lamps
will go off, and the high-beam headlamps at reduced
brightness will take over.
If it’s dark outside and the Twilight Sentinel control is
off, a HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED message will
display on the Driver’s Information Center (DIC). This
message informs the driver that turning on the exterior
lamps is recommended even though the DRL are still
illuminated. It has become dark enough outside to
require the headlamps and/or other exterior lamps.
Turning on the Twilight Sentinel or the headlamps will
deactivate the DRL and remove the HEADLAMPS
SUGGESTED message. If the parking lamps or the fog
lamps were turned on instead, the DRL will still
deactivate and the HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED
message will continue to be displayed.
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To idle your vehicle with the DRL off, turn off the
Twilight Sentinel and shift the transaxle into PARK (P).
Placing your vehicle in PARK (P) disables the DRL.
The DRL will stay off until you shift out of PARK (P).
To drive your vehicle with the DRL off, turn off
the Twilight Sentinel and manually turn on the
parking lamps.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
Fog Lamps (STS Only)
Use the fog lamps for better vision in foggy or misty
conditions. When you push the fog lamp button located
next to the exterior lamps control, a small indicator light
and the LIGHTS ON and fog lamp telltales on the
instrument panel cluster will tell you that the fog lamps
and the parking lamps are on. Pushing the fog lamp
button again will turn them off.
If you turn on the high-beam headlamps, the fog lamps
will turn off. They’ll turn back on again when you
change to low-beam headlamps. You can use the fog
lamp button to turn the fog lamps on or off when the
parking lamps or headlamps are on.
When the Twilight SentinelR is on and the fog lamps are
turned on, the fog lamps, headlamps and parking lamps
will remain on.
Cornering Lamps
The cornering lamps come on when the headlamps or
parking lamps are on and you signal a turn. They
provide more light for cornering.
Twilight SentinelR
This control is located
below the exterior lamps
control knob. It
automatically turns the
lamps on and off by sensing
how dark it is outside.
To operate the Twilight Sentinel, leave the exterior
lamps control knob off and move the TWILIGHT lever
to any position but OFF.
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If you move the lever all the way to the right, the lamps
will remain on for approximately three minutes after the
ignition has been turned to OFF or ACC. If you move
the lever so it is just on, the lamps will go off quickly
when you turn the ignition out of ON. You can adjust
the delay time from only a few seconds to three minutes.
Light Sensor
If it’s dark enough outside and Twilight Sentinel is
turned off, a HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED message
will display on the Driver’s Information Center (DIC).
This message informs the driver that turning on the
exterior lamps is recommended (it’s become dark
enough outside to require the headlamps and/or other
exterior lamps). Turning on the Twilight Sentinel, the
headlamps or the fog lamps will remove the
HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED message.
The light sensor for the Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
and the Twilight Sentinel is located on the driver’s side
of the front defogger grille. If you cover the sensor, it
will read “dark” and the lamps will come on.
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Exterior Lighting Battery Saver
If the manual parking lamps or headlamps have been left
on, the exterior lamps will turn off approximately ten
minutes after the ignition is turned to OFF. This protects
against draining the battery in case you have
accidentally left the headlamps or parking lamps on. The
battery saver does not work if the headlamps are turned
on after the ignition switch is turned to OFF. If you need
to leave the lamps on for more than 10 minutes, use the
exterior lamps control knob to turn the lamps back on.
To delay the lamps from turning off, see “Twilight
Sentinel” in the Index.
Interior Lamps
Instrument Panel Intensity/Brightness
Control
With the parking lamps on, the instrument panel lighting
automatically dims when it becomes dark outside and
brightens when it becomes light outside. When it’s dark,
and if the parking lamps are on, the brightness control
can be manually adjusted by using the instrument panel
brightness control.
The button is located to the
right of the Twilight
Sentinel control. Push the
button in to release it to the
outward position.
Turn the button counterclockwise to dim and clockwise
to brighten the lighting. Push the button in to return it to
the original storage position.
Interior Lamps Control
The interior lamps control,
located in the overhead
console, has three positions:
OFF, AUTO and ON.
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With the control at AUTO and the front door opened,
the overhead console light, front hush panel lamps and
rear footwell lamps in the door will automatically come
on. When the rear door is opened, all the front door
lighting and rear overhead lamps will come on.
When the control is at ON, the courtesy lamps are
turned on. At OFF, the lamps are turned off. (All
automatic interior lighting functions are terminated.)
When the interior lamp control is at OFF, only the
driver’s door controls and ignition switch backlighting
functions will operate.
Illuminated Entry
The illuminated entry system turns on the courtesy
lamps and the backlighting to the driver’s door switches
and to the ignition key when a door is opened or if you
press the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter
unlock button. The illuminated entry system works with
the light sensor and it must be dark outside in order for
the courtesy lamps or backlighting to turn on. The
courtesy lamps turn off approximately 25 seconds after
the last door is closed or after the ignition key is turned
to RUN or if the RKE transmitter lock button is pressed.
The courtesy lamps turn off approximately 40 seconds
after the doors are unlocked with the RKE transmitter if
no door is opened.
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Parade Dimming
This feature prohibits the dimming of the instrument
panel lights during daylight while the parking lamps are
on. This feature works with the light sensor and is fully
automatic. When the light sensor reads darkness outside,
the instrument panel lights can be adjusted by following
the steps under “Instrument Panel Intensity/Brightness
Control.” Backlighting to the instrument panel will also
turn on.
Reading Lamps
The reading lamps are located in the roof. These lamps
and the interior courtesy lamps come on when any door
is opened and it is dark outside. The rear lamps come on
when a rear door is opened. Press the button near the
lamps to turn them on and off.
If the reading lamps are left on, they automatically shut
off 10 minutes after the ignition has been turned off.
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Battery Load Management
The battery load management feature is designed to
monitor the vehicle’s electrical load and determine when
the battery is in a heavy discharge condition. During times
of high electrical loading, the engine may idle at a higher
revolutions per minute (rpm) setting than normal to make
sure the battery charges. High electrical loads may occur
when several of the following are on: headlamps, high
beams, fog lamps, rear window defogger, high blower fan,
heated seats and engine cooling fans.
If the battery continues to discharge, even with the
engine idling at a higher rpm setting, some electrical
loads will automatically be reduced. When this occurs,
the rear window defogger may take slightly longer to
clear the glass, the heated seats may not get as warm as
they usually do and the fan blower may cut back to a
lower speed. For more battery saving information, see
“Battery Saver Active Message” in the Index.
Inadvertent Power Battery Saver
This feature is designed to protect your vehicle’s battery
against drainage from the interior lamps, trunk lamp, glove
box lamp, cigarette lighters or the garage door opener. When
the ignition is turned off, the power to these features will
automatically turn off after 10 minutes. Power will be
restored for an additional 10 minutes if any door is opened,
the trunk is opened or the courtesy lamp switch is turned on.
Mirrors
Electrochromic Day/Night Rearview Mirror
with Compass
Your vehicle has an electrochromic inside rearview
mirror with a compass.
By pressing the MIRROR side of the button located at
the bottom of the mirror, the position of the mirror
automatically changes to reduce glare from headlamps
behind you.
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The mirror also includes an eight-point compass display
in the upper right corner of the mirror face. When on,
the compass automatically calibrates as the vehicle
is driven.
When cleaning the mirror, use a paper towel or similar
material dampened with glass cleaner. Do not spray
glass cleaner directly on the mirror as that may cause the
liquid cleaner to enter the mirror housing.
Cleaning the Photocells
Use a cotton swab and glass cleaner to clean the
photocells when necessary.
Mirror Operation
The right side of the button, located at the bottom of the
mirror, turns the electrochromic mirror on and off. To
turn on the automatic dimming feature, press MIRROR.
To turn off the automatic dimming, press MIRROR
again. The indicator light will be illuminated when this
feature is active.
Time Delay
The automatic mirror has a time delay feature which
prevents unnecessary changing from the night back to
the day position. This delay prevents rapid changing of
the mirror as you drive under lights and through traffic.
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Compass Operation
Press the COMPASS side of the button to turn the
compass on or off.
When the ignition and the compass feature are on, the
compass will show two character boxes for
approximately two seconds. After two seconds, the
mirror will display the compass heading.
Compass Calibration
If, after two seconds, the display does not show a
compass heading (“N” for North, for example), there
may be a strong magnetic field interfering with the
compass. Such interference may be caused by a
magnetic antenna mount, magnetic note pad holder or a
similar magnetic item. If the letter “C” should ever
appear in the compass window, the mirror
needs calibration.
The mirror can be calibrated in one of two ways:
D Drive the vehicle in circles at 5 mph (8 km/h) or less
until the display reads a direction, or
D Drive the vehicle on your everyday routine.
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Compass Variance
The mirror is set in zone eight upon leaving the factory.
It will be necessary to adjust the compass to compensate
for compass variance if you live outside zone eight.
Under certain circumstances, as during a long distance
cross-country trip, it will be necessary to adjust for
compass variance. Compass variance is the difference
between earth’s magnetic north and true geographic
north. If not adjusted to account for compass variance,
your compass could give false readings.
To adjust for compass variance:
1. Use the COMPASS side of the button located at the
bottom of the mirror. Press and hold COMPASS
until a zone number appears in the display.
2. Find your current location and variance zone number
on the following zone map.
3. Press COMPASS on the bottom of the mirror until
the new zone number appears in the display. After
you stop pressing the button, the display will show a
“C” and will need recalibration.
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Power Remote Control Mirror (Heated)
This feature is located on
the driver’s door armrest.
Move the L/R select switch
located under the power
mirror control to choose the
left or right mirror.
To adjust the mirror, move the arrow control in the
direction you want the mirror to go. Leave the L/R
select switch in the center position to disable mirror
movement by the four-arrow control switch. This is
helpful in preventing unwanted mirror movement in
case the control is accidentally bumped while driving.
Adjust each outside mirror so the vehicle is barely
visible in the mirror to maximize your side view.
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The mirrors can also be programmed for personalization
and parallel parking feature if you have the optional
memory package. For more information, see “Memory
Seat and Mirrors” and “Memory and Personalization
Features” in the Index. For information on the heated
outside mirrors, see “Rear Window Defogger” in
the Index.
Driver’s Outside Auto-Dimming
Rearview Mirror
Only the driver’s side outside mirror will adjust for the
glare of headlamps behind you. This feature is
controlled by pressing the MIRROR side of the button
on and off. This button is located at the bottom of the
electrochromic mirror. See “Electrochromic Day/Night
Rearview Mirror with Compass” in the Index for
more information.
Convex Outside Mirror
Your passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex
mirror’s surface is curved so you can see more from
the driver’s seat. This mirror does not have a
dimming feature.
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CAUTION:
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you
could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your
inside mirror or glance over your shoulder before
changing lanes.
Curb View Assist Mirror (If Equipped)
Storage Compartments
Glove Box
The glove box is located in front of the passenger’s seat.
To lock the glove box door, insert the master key into
the lock cylinder and turn it clockwise. Turn the key
counterclockwise to unlock the door.
Map Pocket
The map/storage pockets are located on each front door as
well as on the passenger’s and driver’s front seatbacks.
If your vehicle is equipped with memory mirrors, it will
also be equipped with the curb view assist mirror
feature. This feature will cause the passenger’s mirror to
tilt when the vehicle is in REVERSE (R). This feature is
especially useful in allowing you to view the curb when
you are parallel parking. If further adjustment is needed
after the mirror is tilted, the power mirror controls may
be used to adjust the mirror. If the mirror control is
pressed while the passenger’s mirror is tilted, the mirror
will move in that direction, but will return to its original
position once the vehicle is shifted out of REVERSE (R)
and a five-second delay has occurred.
To program the feature, see “Curb View Assist Mirror
Programming” in the Index.
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Center Console Storage
Rear Storage Armrest
Your vehicle is equipped with a rear seat armrest which
includes an open storage compartment and a dual
cupholder that unfolds for use. Pull the armrest down by
using the attached handle. Push in the lever located at
the end of the armrest to open the storage compartment
and access the cupholder.
Wastebasket
The wastebasket is located on the passenger’s side near
the footwell. To remove, pull the bottom portion
outward to release the velcro and slide the basket toward
you. Reverse the steps to reinstall.
Convenience Net
The center console comes with a storage tray, a storage
compartment for CDs or tapes, a dual cupholder that
unfolds, a coinholder, an optional phone and an armrest.
The cupholder can be opened by pressing on the surface
panel located in front of the armrest and unfolding it.
Close the lid to secure.
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The convenience net is inside the back wall of the trunk.
Put small loads, like grocery bags, behind the net. It can
help keep them from falling over during sharp turns or
quick starts and stops.
The net is not for larger, heavier loads. Store them in the
trunk as far forward as you can. When not using the net,
hook the net to the tabs securing it to the sill plate.
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Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter
(Option)
The ashtrays and cigarette lighters may be ordered
through your dealer.
NOTICE:
Don’t put papers or other flammable items into
your ashtrays. Hot cigarettes or other smoking
materials could ignite them, causing a
damaging fire.
Front Ashtray
Press on the lower edge of the cover of the console
located below the climate control system to reveal the
front ashtray. To clean the ashtray, lift it out by pulling
on the snuffer.
Cigarette Lighter
The front cigarette lighter is located near the ashtray.
Press it all the way in and release. It will pop back by
itself when it’s ready to light. You may also have a
lighter on the back of the center console near the rear
seat air outlet.
Note: Power to the cigarette lighter will shut off 10
minutes after the ignition is turned off. This helps to
prevent battery drainage. For more information, see
“Inadvertent Power Battery Saver” in the Index.
NOTICE:
Don’t hold a cigarette lighter in with your hand
while it is heating. If you do, it won’t be able to
back away from the heating element when it’s
ready. That can make it overheat, damaging the
lighter and the heating element.
Rear Ashtray
To use the rear ashtray, lift the lid. For more
information, see your dealer.
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Sun Visors
Swing down the visor to block out glare. It can be
detached from the center mount and moved to the side.
When moved to the side, the sun visor will also move
forward and rearward. The sun visors are equipped with
a storage flap that can be used for small items such as
toll tickets.
There is also a secondary visor attached separately to
the headliner.
Lighted Visor Vanity Mirror
Turn the sunshade down and lift the cover to see the
mirror. Move the slide switch up or down to brighten or
dim the lamp.
Cellular Telephone (Option)
Your vehicle has been prewired for dealer installation of
a dual-mode (analog/digital) cellular telephone. A fixed
mobile or a portable hand-held system are available.
Either system has steering wheel telephone controls and
information output through the Driver’s Information
Center (DIC). Voice activation and hands-free operation
are standard features. For more information, contact
your dealer. A user’s guide is provided with
the telephone.
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OnStarR System (Option)
OnStar is a vehicle communications service which may
be ordered through your dealer. The following OnStar
services are available 24 hours a day:
D Automatic Notification of Front and Side
Air Bag Deployment
D Emergency Services
D Theft Detection/Notification and
Stolen-Vehicle Tracking
D Remote Door Unlock
D Roadside Assistance with Location
D Route Support
D Convenience Services
D Remote Diagnostics
D Hands-Free, Voice-Activated Cellular Telephone
For more information, contact your dealer.
Assist Handles
An assist handle above each door can be used when
getting out of your vehicle.
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Garment Hooks
For your convenience, a garment hook is attached to
each rear assist handle.
Umbrella Holder (If Equipped)
The driver’s front seat cushion may come equipped with
an umbrella holder. Gently slide the umbrella into the
slot located under the front portion of the driver’s
seat cushion.
Floor Mats
Your vehicle is equipped with rubber-backed front and
rear floor mats. Keep them clean by vacuuming and
using a spot cleaner, if necessary. Do not machine wash.
Sunroof (Option)
There are two control switches to operate the
sunroof -- one to open/close or express-open the
sunroof and the other to vent the sunroof. The control
switches work only when the ignition is on or when the
ignition is off and the Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
is active.
Press and hold the ROOF
switch rearward to the first
position to open the glass
panel and sunshade. The
sunshade can also be
opened or closed by hand.
To close the glass panel,
press and hold the ROOF
switch forward.
Press and release the ROOF switch rearward to the
second position to express-open the glass panel. If you
want to stop the glass panel in a partially-open position,
press either the ROOF or VENT switch in any direction.
Note: If you press and hold the ROOF switch in the
express-open position for more than one second, the
sunroof will operate manually.
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To vent the sunroof, press
and hold the upper part of
the VENT switch. The
sunshade must be opened by
hand. To close, press and
hold the lower part of the
VENT switch.
Universal Transmitter (Option)
K1–62–1116–W
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference,
and (2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
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This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1)
this device may not cause interference, and (2) this device
must accept any interference, including interference that
may cause undesired operation of the device.
2. Decide which one of the three channels you want to
program. Hold the end of the hand-held transmitter
about 2 to 5 inches (5 to 13 cm) away from the
surface of the Universal Transmitter so that you can
still see the indicator light.
Changes and modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
3. Using both hands, press the hand-held transmitter
button and the desired button on the Universal
Transmitter. Continue to press both buttons
through Step 4.
Programming the Universal Transmitter
Do not use the Universal Transmitter with any garage
door opener that does not have the “stop and reverse”
safety feature. This includes any garage door opener
model manufactured before April 1, 1982.
Be sure that people and objects are clear of the garage
door you are programming.
Your vehicle’s engine should be turned off while
programming the transmitter. Follow these steps to
program up to three channels:
1. If you have previously programmed a transmitter
channel, proceed to Step 2. Otherwise, hold down
the two outside buttons on the Universal Transmitter
until the indicator light begins to flash rapidly (after
20 seconds). Then release the buttons. This
procedure initializes the memory and erases any
previous settings for all three channels.
4. Hold down both buttons until you see the indicator
light on the Universal Transmitter flash slowly and
then rapidly. The rapid flashing indicates that the
Universal Transmitter has been programmed.
Release both buttons once the indicator light starts
to flash rapidly.
If you have trouble programming the Universal
Transmitter, make sure that you have followed the
directions exactly as described. The Universal
Transmitter may not work with older garage door
openers that do not meet current Federal Consumer
Safety Standards. If you cannot program the transmitter
after repeated attempts, refer to “Rolling Code
Programming” later in this section or contact the
Universal Transmitter manufacturer at 1-800-355-3515.
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Be sure to keep the original hand-held transmitter
in case you need to erase and reprogram the
Universal Transmitter.
Note to Canadian Owners: During programming, the
hand-held transmitter may automatically stop
transmitting after one or two seconds. In this case, you
should press and re-press the button on the hand-held
transmitter every two seconds without ever releasing the
button on the Universal Transmitter. Release both
buttons when the indicator light on the Universal
Transmitter begins to flash rapidly.
Operating the Universal Transmitter
Press and release the appropriate button on the Universal
Transmitter. The indicator light comes on while the
signal is being transmitted.
The Universal Transmitter is disabled when the valet
lock switch inside the glove box is activated. For more
information, see “Valet Lock” in the Index.
If the hand-held transmitter appears to program the
Universal Transmitter but does not open your garage
door, and if the garage door opener was manufactured
after 1996, the garage door opener may have a “rolling
code” system. A rolling code system changes the code
of the garage door opener every time you open or close
the garage door.
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To determine if you have this system, press the button
on the Universal Transmitter that you have programmed
already. If the indicator light on the Universal
Transmitter flashes rapidly for two seconds and then
turns solid, the garage door opener has a rolling code
system. In a rolling code system, the garage door motor
head unit must be trained to the Universal Transmitter.
“Rolling Code” Programming (If Equipped)
If you have not previously programmed the hand-held
transmitter to the Universal Transmitter, see
“Programming the Universal Transmitter” listed
previously. If you have completed this programming
already, you now need to train the garage door opener
motor head unit to recognize the Universal Transmitter.
Refer to your garage door opener owner’s manual for
the proper transmitter training procedure for your garage
door opener brand.
1. Find the training button on the garage door opener
motor head unit. The exact location and color of the
button may vary by garage door opener brand. If you
have difficulty finding the training button, refer to
your garage door opener owner’s manual.
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2. Press the training button on the garage door opener
motor head unit.
Note: Following this step, you have 30 seconds to
start Step 3.
3. Return to the Universal Transmitter in your vehicle
and firmly press and release the Universal
Transmitter button you have already programmed for
two to three seconds. Press and release the button
again (you may need to do this step up to three
times) to make sure that the Universal Transmitter
has been trained to the garage door opener motor
head unit. Check that the training was successful.
The garage door opener should now recognize the
Universal Transmitter. You may either use the Universal
Transmitter or the hand-held transmitter to open the
garage door.
If after following these instructions, you still have
problems training the garage door opener, contact the
Universal Transmitter manufacturer at 1-800-355-3515.
Erasing Channels
To erase all three programmed channels, hold down the
two outside buttons until the indicator light begins to
flash (after 20 seconds). Release both buttons.
Accessories
Accessories for the Universal Transmitter are available
from the manufacturer of the unit. If you would like
additional information, please call 1-800-355-3515.
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The Instrument Panel -- Your Information System
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The main components of the instrument panel are:
1. Air Outlets
13. Fuel Door Release
2. Driver Information Center Control Buttons
14. Trunk Release
3. Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
15. HVAC Steering Wheel Controls
4. Instrument Panel Cluster
16. Horn
5. Windshield Wiper/Washer Lever
17. Audio Steering Wheel Controls
6. Cruise Control Lever
18. Heated Seat Controls
7. Ignition Switch
19. Traction Control Switch
8. Air Vent Control Dial
20. Console Shift Lever
9. Hazard Warning Button
21. Convenience Storage/Optional Ashtray
10. Radio
22. Electronic Climate Controls
11. Lamp Controls
23. Glove Box
12. Hood Release
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Instrument Panel Cluster
Your instrument panel cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is running. You’ll know how
fast you’re going, how much fuel you’re using and many other things you’ll need to drive safely and economically.
United States version shown, Canada similar
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Speedometer and Odometer
The speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles
per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h). The
odometer shows how far your vehicle has been driven,
in either miles (used in the United States) or kilometers
(used in Canada).
By pressing this button, you
can tell how many miles
you have traveled on either
your Trip A or Trip B
odometer since you last set
the odometer back to zero.
You may wonder what happens if a vehicle has to have a
new odometer installed. The new one may read the
correct mileage. This is because your vehicle’s computer
has stored the mileage in memory.
Trip Odometer
There are two trip odometers, which are indicated by
Trip A and Trip B. In order to change from one to the
other, press the A/B portion of the TRIP button.
Press the RESET part of the button until zeros appear to
reset the odometers.
If your vehicle is first sold in the United States, the trip
odometer will return to zero after 999.9 miles (1 609
km). If your vehicle is first sold in Canada, the trip
odometer will return to zero after 1 999.9 km (1,242
miles). The RESET TRIP A/B button only resets the trip
odometer (A or B) that is being displayed. Each trip
odometer has to be reset individually.
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English/Metric Display
Display Mode
This button is located
between the RESET TRIP
A/B button and the
ENG/MET button.
Press DSPL MODE to turn the backlighting and the
digital speed image on and off.
You can go back and forth
from English (miles) to
metric (kilometers) by
pressing this button.
Other readings such as temperature, fuel and trip
odometer also go back and forth between English
and metric.
Vehicle Speed Limiter
This feature prevents your vehicle from exceeding
speeds that the tires are not rated for. When this
happens, the engine’s fuel supply is shut off. When the
vehicle speed slows, the fuel supply will come on again.
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Tachometer
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators
This gage indicates the
engine speed in revolutions
per minute (rpm).
This part describes the warning lights and gages that
may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you
locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause an
expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to
your warning lights and gages could also save you or
others from injury.
NOTICE:
Do not operate the engine with the tachometer in
the red area or engine damage may occur.
Engine Speed Limiter
This feature prevents the engine from operating at too
many revolutions per minute (rpm). When the engine’s
rpm are critically high, the fuel supply to the engine is
shut off. When the engine speed slows, the fuel supply
will come on again. This helps prevent damage to
the engine.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you
will see in the details on the next few pages, some
warning lights come on briefly when you start the
engine just to let you know they’re working. If you are
familiar with this section, you should not be alarmed
when this happens.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages and
warning lights work together to let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
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When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on
when you are driving, or when one of the gages shows
there may be a problem, check the section that tells you
what to do about it. Please follow this manual’s advice.
Waiting to do repairs can be costly -- and even
dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights
and gages. They’re a big help.
Your vehicle also has a Driver Information Center that
works along with the warning lights and gages. See
“Driver Information Center” in the Index.
Air Bag Readiness Light
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows AIR BAG (United States) or the air
bag symbol (Canada). The system checks the air bag’s
electrical system for malfunctions. The light tells you if
there is an electrical problem. The system check
includes the air bag sensors, the air bag modules, the
wiring and the crash sensing and diagnostic module. For
more information on the air bag system, see “Air Bag”
in the Index.
Safety Belt Reminder Light
When the key is turned to ON or START, a chime will
come on for about eight seconds to remind people to
fasten their safety belts.
The safety belt light will
also come on and stay on
for about 70 seconds. If the
driver’s belt is already
buckled, neither the chime
nor the light will come on.
United States
Canada
This light will come on when you start your engine, and
it will flash for a few seconds. Then the light should go
out. This means the system is ready.
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you start the
engine or comes on when you are driving, your air bag
system may not work properly. Have your vehicle
serviced right away.
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The air bag readiness light should flash for a few
seconds when you turn the ignition key to ON. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there is a problem.
Charging System Light
This light goes on when you
turn your key to ON or
START. It goes off once you
start your engine.
That’s a check to be sure the light works. If it doesn’t
come on, be sure to have it fixed so it will be there to
warn you if something goes wrong.
If this light stays on, you need service and you should
take your vehicle to the dealer at once. To save your
battery until you get there, turn off all accessories.
Brake System Warning Light
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided into
two parts. If one part isn’t working, the other part can
still work and stop you. For good braking, though, you
need both parts working well.
If the warning light comes on, there is a brake problem.
Have your brake system inspected right away.
This light should come on
briefly when you turn the
ignition key to ON. If it
doesn’t come on then, have
it fixed so it will be ready to
warn you if there’s
a problem.
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the
road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is
harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to the floor.
It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on, have the
vehicle towed for service. (See “Towing Your Vehicle”
in the Index.)
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Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light
CAUTION:
Your brake system may not be working properly
if the brake system warning light is on. Driving
with the brake system warning light on can lead
to an accident. If the light is still on after you’ve
pulled off the road and stopped carefully, have
the vehicle towed for service.
Parking Brake Indicator Light
This light comes on when
the parking brake is set, and
it will stay on if the parking
brake does not fully release.
If you try to drive off with
the parking brake set, this
light will remain on.
This light should also come on briefly as you start the
vehicle. If it doesn’t, have the light fixed so it will be
ready to remind you if the parking brake has not fully
released. For more information on how to release the
parking brake, see “Parking Brake” in the Index.
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With the anti-lock brake
system, the light(s) will
come on when you start
your engine and may stay
on for several seconds.
That’s normal.
If the light stays on, turn the ignition to OFF. Or, if the
light comes on when you’re driving, stop as soon as
possible and turn the ignition off. Then start the engine
again to reset the system. If the light still stays on, or
comes on again while you’re driving, your vehicle needs
service. If the regular brake system warning light isn’t
on, you still have brakes, but you don’t have anti-lock
brakes. If the regular brake system warning light is also
on, you don’t have anti-lock brakes and there’s a
problem with your regular brakes. See “Brake System
Warning Light” earlier in this section.
The anti-lock brake system warning light should come
on briefly when you turn the ignition key to ON. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there is a problem.
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Traction Control System Warning Light
D If the traction control system is affected by an
engine-related problem, the system will turn off and
the warning light will come on.
If the traction control system warning light comes on
and stays on for an extended period of time when the
system is turned on, your vehicle needs service.
United States
Canada
This warning light should come on briefly as you start
the engine. If the warning light doesn’t come on then,
have it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there’s a
problem. If it stays on, or comes on when you’re
driving, there may be a problem with your traction
control system and your vehicle may need service.
When this warning light is on, the system will not limit
wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
The traction control system warning light may come on
for the following reasons:
Engine Coolant Temperature
Warning Light
This light tells you that the
engine has overheated. You
should stop the car and turn
the engine off as soon
as possible.
A warning chime should also sound if this light comes
on. As a check, the light should come on for a few
seconds when you start your engine. See “Engine
Overheating” in the Index.
D If there’s a brake system problem that is specifically
related to traction control, the traction control system
will turn off and the warning light will come on.
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Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
(Service Engine Soon Light)
United States
United States
Canada
This gage shows the engine coolant temperature.
If the gage pointer moves into the red area, the
engine is too hot.
That reading means the same thing as the warning
light -- the engine coolant has overheated.
See “Engine Overheating” in the Index.
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Canada
Your vehicle is equipped with a computer which
monitors operation of the fuel, ignition and emission
control systems.
This system is called OBD II (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended to assure
that emissions are at acceptable levels for the life of the
vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner environment. The
SERVICE ENGINE SOON light comes on and a chime
will sound to indicate that there is a problem and service is
required. Malfunctions often will be indicated by the
system before any problem is apparent. This may prevent
more serious damage to your vehicle. This system is also
designed to assist your service technician in correctly
diagnosing any malfunction.
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NOTICE:
If you keep driving your vehicle with this light
on, after a while, your emission controls may not
work as well, your fuel economy may not be as
good and your engine may not run as smoothly.
This could lead to costly repairs that may not be
covered by your warranty.
This light should come on, as a check to show you it is
working, when the ignition is on and the engine is not
running. If the light doesn’t come on, have it repaired.
This light will also come on during a malfunction in one
of two ways:
D Light Flashing -- A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions and
may damage the emission control system on your
vehicle. Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis
and service may be required.
D Light On Steady -- An emission control system
malfunction has been detected on your vehicle.
Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis and
service may be required.
NOTICE:
Modifications made to the engine, transaxle,
exhaust or fuel system of your vehicle or the
replacement of the original tires with other than
those of the same Tire Performance Criteria
(TPC) can affect your vehicle’s emission controls
and may cause the SERVICE ENGINE SOON
light to come on. Modifications to these systems
could lead to costly repairs not covered by your
warranty. This may also result in a failure to pass
a required Emission Inspection/Maintenance test.
If the Light Is Flashing
The following may prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle:
D
D
D
D
Reducing vehicle speed.
Avoiding hard accelerations.
Avoiding steep uphill grades.
If you are towing a trailer, reduce the amount of
cargo being hauled as soon as it is possible.
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If the light stops flashing and remains on steady, see “If
the Light Is On Steady” following.
If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do so,
stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park your vehicle.
Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart the
engine. If the light remains on steady, see “If the Light
Is On Steady” following. If the light is still flashing,
follow the previous steps, and drive the vehicle to your
dealer or qualified service center for service.
If the Light Is On Steady
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install
the cap. See “Filling Your Tank” in the Index. The
diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap has been
left off or improperly installed. A loose or missing fuel
cap will allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere. A
few driving trips with the cap properly installed should
turn the light off.
Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?
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If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition
will usually be corrected when the electrical system
dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.
Are you low on fuel?
As your engine starts to run out of fuel, your engine may
not run as efficiently as designed since small amounts of
air are sucked into the fuel line causing a misfire. The
system can detect this. Adding fuel should correct this
condition. Make sure to install the fuel cap properly. See
“Filling Your Tank” in the Index. It will take a few
driving trips to turn the light off.
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel (see
“Fuel” in the Index). Poor fuel quality will cause your
engine not to run as efficiently as designed. You may
notice this as stalling after start-up, stalling when you
put the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation on
acceleration or stumbling on acceleration. (These
conditions may go away once the engine is warmed up.)
This will be detected by the system and cause the light
to turn on.
If you experience one or more of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least one
full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off.
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If none of the above steps have made the light turn off,
have your dealer or qualified service center check the
vehicle. Your dealer has the proper test equipment and
diagnostic tools to fix any mechanical or electrical
problems that may have developed.
Oil Pressure Light
This light tells you if there
could be a problem with
your engine oil pressure.
CAUTION:
Don’t keep driving if the oil pressure is low. If
you do, your engine can become so hot that it
catches fire. You or others could be burned.
Check your oil as soon as possible and have your
vehicle serviced.
NOTICE:
The light goes on when you turn your key to ON or
START. It goes off once you start your engine. That’s a
check to be sure the light works. If it doesn’t come on,
be sure to have it fixed so it will be there to warn you if
something goes wrong.
Damage to your engine from neglected oil
problems can be costly and is not covered by your
warranty.
When the light comes on and stays on, it means that oil
isn’t flowing through your engine properly. You could
be low on oil and you might have some other
system problem.
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Security Light
Fog Lamp Light (STS Only)
For information regarding
this light, see
“Theft-Deterrent System”
in the Index.
Cruise Control Light
This light will come on
when the fog lamp button is
pressed. For more
information about the fog
lamps, see “Fog Lamps” in
the Index.
Lights On Reminder Light
This light comes on
whenever you set your
vehicle’s cruise control.
United States
Canada
This is a telltale that comes on whenever the parking
lamps are on, so that you know your lights are on.
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Here are a few concerns some owners have had about
the fuel gage.
Fuel Gage
All of these situations are normal and do not indicate
that anything is wrong.
D At the gas station the gas pump shuts off before the
gage reads F.
D The gage may change when you turn, stop quickly or
accelerate quickly.
D GAL FUEL USED on the Driver Information Center
United States
Canada
does not correspond exactly to the amount of fuel
remaining as shown on the fuel gage.
The fuel gage shows approximately how much fuel is in
the tank. It works only when the ignition is in ON.
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Driver Information Center (DIC)
This display gives you the status of many of your
vehicle’s systems. The DIC is also used to display driver
personalization features and warning/status messages.
DIC Controls and Displays
INFO: Pressing this button up or down will display the
OUTSIDE TEMP, MILES RANGE, MPG AVG, MPG
INST, GAL FUEL USED, AVG MPH, TIMER,
BATTERY VOLTS OK, ENGINE OIL LIFE and
TRANS FLUID LIFE.
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INFO RESET: Pressing this button will reset the MPG
AVG, GAL FUEL USED, MPH AVG, TIMER,
ENGINE OIL LIFE, TRANS FLUID LIFE, PHONE (If
Equipped) and FEATURE PROGRAMMING. For more
information about the trip odometer, see “Odometer” in
the Index.
ON/OFF: Pressing this button turns the Memory and
Personalization Features on and off.
MILES RANGE: This message shows about how many
miles you can drive without refilling your fuel tank.
Once the range drops below 40 miles (64 km)
remaining, the display will show LOW.
MPG AVG (Reset): Press the INFO button to display
the MPG AVG (Average Fuel Economy), then press and
hold the INFO RESET button until 0.0 MPG AVG
is displayed.
GAL FUEL USED (Reset): Press the INFO button to
display the GAL FUEL USED on the DIC, then press
and hold the INFO RESET button until 0.0 GAL FUEL
USED is displayed.
AVG MPH (Reset): Press the INFO button to display
the AVG MPH (Average Speed), then press and hold the
INFO RESET button until 0.0 AVG MPH is displayed.
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TIMER: This feature is like a stopwatch, in that you can
clock the time it takes to get from one point to another.
To operate, press the INFO button to display TIMER.
Each of the fields for the hours, minutes and seconds are
two numeric digits.
Once TIMER 00:00:00 is displayed, press the ON/OFF
button to start the timing feature. Press the ON/OFF button
again to stop it. If you will be starting and stopping your
vehicle, during a trip for instance, the TIMER feature will
automatically start timing where it left off when you last
stopped. To reset it, press and hold the INFO RESET
button until the display reads TIMER 00:00:00. Press the
INFO button to exit from the TIMER function.
ENGINE OIL LIFE (Reset): Press the INFO button to
display ENGINE OIL LIFE, then press and hold the
INFO RESET button until 100% ENGINE OIL LIFE is
displayed. (This only needs to be reset after you have
had the oil changed.)
TRANSMISSION FLUID LIFE MONITOR: Under
normal conditions, the rate of deterioration of the
transmission fluid is slow. See the Maintenance
Schedule booklet for proper fluid and change intervals.
Press the INFO button to display TRANS FLUID LEFT,
then press and hold the INFO RESET button until 100%
TRANS FLUID LEFT is displayed. (This only needs to
be reset after you have had the fluid changed.)
ENG/MET: Press this button to display information in
the English (miles) or metric (kilometers) system.
DIC Messages
These messages will appear if there is a problem sensed
in one of your vehicle’s systems. Vehicles that are first
sold in Canada will have a number after each message.
This number helps to identify the message, which is
only displayed in English.
BATTERY NOT CHARGING - 7: This message will
appear if the battery is not being charged. Have the
electrical system checked by your dealership at your
earliest convenience.
BATTERY SAVER ACTIVE - 27: This message is
displayed when the vehicle has detected that the battery
voltage is dropping beyond a reasonable point. The
battery saver system will start reducing certain features
of the vehicle that you may not be able to notice. At the
point that features are disabled, this message is
displayed. It means that the vehicle is trying to save the
charge in the battery. Turn off unnecessary accessories
to allow the battery to recharge.
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BATTERY VOLTAGE HIGH - 8: This message
shows that the electrical charging system is
overcharging (more than 16 volts). To avoid being
stranded, have the electrical system checked by your
dealership. You can reduce the charging overload by
using the accessories. Turn on the lamps and radio, set
the climate control on AUTO and the fan speed on HI,
and turn the rear window defogger on. You can monitor
battery voltage on the DIC by pressing the INFO button.
The normal range is 11.5 to 15.5 volts when the engine
is running.
BATTERY VOLTAGE LOW - 6: This message will
appear when the electrical system is charging less than 9
volts or if the battery has been drained. If this message
appears immediately after starting, it is possible that the
generator can still recharge the battery. The battery should
recharge while driving but may take a few hours to do so.
Consider using an auxiliary charger (be sure to follow the
manufacturer’s instructions) to boost the battery after
returning home or to a final destination. If this message
appears while driving or after starting your vehicle and
stays on, have it checked immediately to determine the
cause of this problem. To help the generator recharge the
battery quickly, you can reduce the load on the electrical
system by turning off the accessories. You can monitor
battery voltage on the DIC by pressing the INFO button.
The normal range is 11.5 to 15.5 volts.
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CHANGE BRAKE PADS - 125: This message is used
to notify you that the brake pads may have worn down.
A sensor is connected to the brake pads and is triggered
when they wear to a certain point. Have the front and
rear brakes serviced by your dealer as soon as possible.
CHANGE ENGINE OIL - 82: This means that the life
of the engine oil has expired and it should be changed
within 200 miles. See “Engine Oil” and “Filter
Recommendations” in the Maintenance Schedule
booklet. After an oil change, the Oil Life Indicator must
be reset. See “Oil Life Indicator, How to Reset” in
the Index.
CHANGE TRANS FLUID - 47: This message will
appear when it is time to replace the transaxle fluid. See
the Maintenance Schedule booklet for the proper fluid
and change intervals.
CHECK BRAKE FLUID - 37: This message will
display if the ignition is in ON to inform the driver that
the brake fluid level is low. Have the brake system
serviced by a technician as soon as possible. See “Brake
System Warning Light” in the Index.
CHECK COOLANT LEVEL - 2: This message will
appear when there is a low level of engine coolant. Have
the cooling system serviced by a technician as soon
as possible.
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CHECK FUEL GAGE - 50: This message will appear
when the fuel supply is less than 5 gallons (18.9 L) and
the display is turned off. A single chime will also sound
when this message is displayed.
CHECK GAS CAP - 61: This message will appear if
the gas cap has not been fully tightened. You should
recheck your gas cap to ensure that it’s fully tightened.
CHECK OIL LEVEL - 36: For correct operation of
the low oil sensing system, your vehicle should be on a
level surface. A false CHECK OIL LEVEL message
may appear if the vehicle is parked on grades. The oil
level sensing system does not check for actual oil level
if the engine has been off for a short period of time, and
the oil level is never sensed while the engine is running.
If the CHECK OIL LEVEL message appears, and your
vehicle has been parked on level ground with the engine
off for at least 30 minutes, the oil level should be
checked by observing the oil dipstick. Prior to checking
the oil level, be sure the engine has been off for a few
minutes and your vehicle is on a level surface. Then
check the dipstick and add oil if necessary. See “Engine
Oil” in the Index.
CHECK WASHER FLUID - 25: This message will
appear for several seconds to indicate that you need
washer solvent.
DRIVER DOOR AJAR - 140: This message will
display anytime the key is in ON and the driver’s door is
open or ajar. A chime will also sound when the vehicle’s
speed is greater than 3 mph (4.8 km/h).
DRIVER NO. X (1 OR 2) : This message will appear when
the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) is used. The message will
show which driver is activating the personalization feature. It
will only stay on for five seconds. This message can be
customized for you by your dealer.
ENGINE COOLANT HOT, IDLE ENGINE - 44:
This message will appear when the engine coolant
temperature is over 262_F (128_C). Stop and allow your
vehicle to idle in PARK (P) until it cools down and the
message is removed. Do not increase engine speed
above a normal idle. If it does not cool down, turn off
the engine and have it serviced before driving it again.
Severe engine damage can result from an overheated
engine. See “Engine Overheating” in the Index.
ENGINE HOT-AC OFF - 16: This message displays
when the engine coolant becomes hotter than the normal
operating temperature. To avoid added strain on a hot
engine, the air conditioning compressor is automatically
turned off. When the coolant temperature returns to
normal, the A/C operation will automatically resume.
You can continue to drive your vehicle. If this message
continues to appear, have the system repaired as soon as
possible to avoid compressor damage.
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ENGINE MISFIRE -- EASE OFF GAS PEDAL 114: An engine misfire has occurred. You’ll need to ease
off the gas pedal.
ENGINE OVERHEATED, STOP ENGINE - 42: This
message will appear when the engine has overheated.
Stop and turn the engine off immediately to avoid severe
engine damage. See “Engine Overheating” in the Index.
A multiple chime will also sound when this message
is displayed.
ENGINE POWER REDUCED - 41: This message
informs you that the vehicle is reducing engine power
because the transaxle is being placed in gear under
conditions that may cause damage to the vehicle’s
engine, transaxle or ability to accelerate.
FUEL LEVEL LOW - 11: This message serves as a
warning that the fuel level in the tank is critically low.
Stop for fuel soon. A single chime will also sound when
this message is displayed.
HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED - 23: If it’s dark enough
outside and the headlamps and Twilight SentinelR
controls are off, a HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED
message will display on the DIC. This message informs
the driver that turning on the exterior lamps is
recommended even though the Daytime Running Lamps
(DRL) are still illuminated. It has become dark enough
outside to require the headlamps and/or other exterior
lamps. This message will also appear if the optional
Rainsense wiping feature is on and the Twilight
Sentinel is off.
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ICE POSSIBLE - 13: This message appears when
the outside air temperature is cold enough to create icy
road conditions.
LEFT REAR DOOR AJAR - 142: The left rear door
is open or ajar when this message appears. The ignition
must be in ON for this message to display. A chime will
also sound when the vehicle’s speed is greater than
3 mph (4.8 km/h).
OIL PRESSURE LOW STOP ENGINE - 35: If this
message appears while the engine is running, stop the
engine and do not operate it until the cause of low oil
pressure is corrected. Severe damage to the engine can
result. A multiple chime will also sound when this
message is displayed.
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PASSENGER DOOR AJAR - 141: The passenger’s
door is open or ajar when this message appears. The
ignition must be in ON for this message to display. A
chime will also sound when the vehicle’s speed is
greater than 3 mph (4.8 km/h).
RIGHT REAR DOOR AJAR - 143: The right rear
door is open or ajar when this message appears. The
ignition must be in ON for this message to display. A
chime will also sound when the vehicle’s speed is
greater than 3 mph (4.8 km/h).
SERVICE AC SYSTEM - 14: This message appears
when the electronic sensors that control the air
conditioning and heating systems are no longer working.
Have the climate control system serviced if you notice a
drop in heating and air conditioning efficiency.
SERVICE AIR BAG - 83: There is a problem with the
supplemental inflatable restraint (air bag) system when
this message appears. Let only a qualified technician
work on your vehicle. See your dealership for service
at once.
SERVICE ELECTRICAL SYS - 106: This message
will display if an electrical problem has occurred within
the Powertrain Control Module (PCM) or the ignition
switch. Have your vehicle serviced by your dealership.
SERVICE FUEL SYSTEM - 101: The Powertrain
Control Module (PCM) has detected a problem within
the fuel system when this message appears. See your
dealership for service.
SERVICE IDLE CONTROL - 107: A problem with
the idle control has occurred when this message displays.
Take your vehicle to your dealership for service.
SERVICE STABILITY SYS - 54 : If you ever see the
SERVICE STABILITY SYS message, it means there
may be a problem with your stability enhancement
system. If you see this message, try to reset the system
(stop; turn off the engine; then start the engine again). If
the SERVICE STABILITY SYS message still comes on,
it means there is a problem. You should see your dealer
for service. Reduce your speed and drive accordingly.
SERVICE CHARGING SYS - 102: This message will
display when a problem with the charging system has
been detected. Have your vehicle serviced at
your dealership.
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STABILITY SYS ENGAGED - 55 : You may see the
STABILITY SYS ENGAGED message on the Driver
Information Center. It means that an advanced,
computer-controlled system has come on to help your
vehicle continue to go in the direction in which you’re
steering. This stability enhancement system activates
when the computer senses that your vehicle is just
starting to spin, as it might if you hit a patch of ice or
other slippery spot on the road. When the system is on,
you may hear a noise or feel a vibration in the brake
pedal. This is normal.
When the STABILITY SYS ENGAGED message is on,
you should continue to steer in the direction you want to
go. The system is designed to help you in bad weather or
other difficult driving situations by making the most of
whatever road conditions will permit. If the STABILITY
SYS ENGAGED message comes on, you’ll know that
something has caused your vehicle to start to spin, so
you should consider slowing down.
SERVICE STEERING SYS - 127: This message is
displayed when a problem has been detected in the
MagnasteerR variable effort steering system. Service is
required. A single chime will also sound when this
message is displayed.
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SERVICE SUSPENSION SYS - 84: This message is
displayed to indicate that the suspension system is not
operating properly. To correct this problem, have your
vehicle serviced at your dealership.
SERVICE THEFT SYSTEM - 34: This message
means there is a problem in the Personalized
Automotive Security System (PASS-KeyR III). A fault
has been detected in the system which means that the
PASS-Key III system is disabled and is not protecting
the vehicle. The vehicle usually restarts, however, you
may want to take your vehicle to a proper service center
before turning off the engine.
SERVICE TRANSMISSION - 100: See your dealer
for repair.
SERVICE VEHICLE SOON - 3: This message is
displayed when a non-emissions related powertrain
malfunction occurs. Have your vehicle serviced by a
technician as soon as possible.
SPEED LIMITED TO 90 - 113: A failure in the
suspension control system has occurred when this
message appears. The Powertrain Control Module
(PCM) determines the speed to which your vehicle is
limited. Have your vehicle serviced if this
message appears.
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STARTING DISABLED REMOVE KEY - 33: This
message will appear when the Personalized Automotive
Security System (PASS-KeyR III) senses that an
improper ignition key is being used to try to start the
vehicle. Check the ignition key for damage. If it is
damaged, it may need to be replaced. If you see no
damage, remove the key and try to start the vehicle
again. If it still does not start, try another ignition key.
THEFT ATTEMPTED - 40: This message is
displayed if the theft system has detected a break-in
attempt while you were away from your vehicle.
TOP SPEED FUEL CUT-OFF - 111: This message
will appear when the Powertrain Control Module (PCM)
senses that the maximum speed for your vehicle has
been reached. The speed of your vehicle will surge as
the fuel supply is cut off. This allows your vehicle to
stay in a safe tire operating range. The top speed is set
based on the top speed rating of the tires.
TRACTION ENGAGED - 91 : When your traction
control system is limiting wheel spin, the TRACTION
ENGAGED message will be displayed. Slippery road
conditions may exist if this message is displayed, so
adjust your driving accordingly. This message will stay
on for a few seconds after the traction control system
stops limiting wheel spin.
TRACTION OFF - 89: This message will be displayed
after the traction control has been turned off by the
button on the center console.
TRACTION READY - 90: This message informs the
driver that the traction control system is available. This
occurs when the traction control switch on the console
has been returned to ON (pressing the button once turns
the traction control system off: pressing the button again
turns the system back on). This message will
automatically disappear from the display after
five seconds.
TRACTION SUSPENDED - 56: This message
displays when the traction control system has been
temporarily shut off because your vehicle’s brakes have
overheated. This message does not indicate a problem
with your vehicle’s traction control system. After a few
minutes, the traction control system will be available
again and the TRACTION READY message
will appear.
TRANS HOT IDLE ENGINE - 112: This message
indicates that the transaxle fluid in your vehicle is too
hot. Stop and allow your vehicle to idle until it cools
down or until this message is removed.
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TRUNK OPEN - 24: This message indicates that the
trunk is open when the ignition is on.
TURN SIGNAL ON - 20: This message is a reminder,
after driving about a mile, that you have the turn signal
on. A multiple chime will also sound when this message
is displayed.
VEHICLE OVERSPEED - 52: A failure in the
suspension control system has occurred when this
message appears. The Powertrain Control Module
(PCM) determines the speed your vehicle is limited to.
Have your vehicle serviced if this message appears.
Memory and Personalization
Features (If Equipped)
Your vehicle may have memory personalization.
Memory settings that have been previously programmed
(HVAC settings, radio preset settings, exterior lighting
choices, remote confirmation choices, seat positions,
steering column positions, mirror and programmable
automatic door lock choices) can be recalled by pressing
the unlock button on the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
transmitter or by placing the key in your
vehicle’s ignition.
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To begin programming, the ignition must be in ON, your
vehicle in PARK (P), and if your vehicle has memory,
press the appropriate memory button “1” or “2”, located
on the driver’s door panel, prior to programming. Press
the INFO button one or more times until the FEATURE
PROGRAMMING prompt appears on the DIC display.
Press the ON/OFF button to enter FEATURE
PROGRAMMING. To exit, press the
INFO RESET button.
Remote Recall Memory (If Equipped)
Press the down arrow on the INFO button one or more
times until the REMOTE RECALL MEMORY prompt
appears. To turn the feature on, press the ON/OFF
button until ON is displayed on the DIC. The seat and
mirror memory settings that have been previously
programmed can be recalled by pressing the unlock
button on the RKE transmitter. The steering column will
move when the key is inserted in the ignition and turned
to ON. To turn the feature off, press the ON/OFF button
until OFF is displayed.
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Key in Recall (If Equipped)
Remote Confirmation
Press the down arrow on the INFO button one or more
times until the KEY IN RECALL prompt appears on the
DIC display. To turn the feature on, press the ON/OFF
button until ON appears. The seat and mirror memory
settings that have been previously programmed will be
recalled when the key is inserted in the ignition. The
steering column will move when the key is turned to
ON. To turn the feature off, press the ON/OFF button
until OFF appears.
This personalization feature allows the driver to
program the parking lamps to flash or to remain off
when the lock or unlock buttons on the RKE transmitter
are pressed and the horn to sound when the lock button
on the RKE transmitter is pressed. Press the INFO
button one or more times until the FEATURE
PROGRAMMING prompt appears on the DIC display.
Press the ON/OFF button to enter FEATURE
PROGRAMMING. To exit, press the
INFO RESET button.
Auto Exit Seat (If Equipped)
Press the down arrow on the INFO button one or more
times until the AUTO EXIT SEAT prompt shows on the
DIC display. This feature will move the seat to the
driver’s exit position when the key is turned out of ON
(away from START) and the driver’s door is opened. To
turn this feature on, press the ON/OFF button until ON
appears on the DIC. To turn this feature off, press the
ON/OFF button until OFF shows.
Auto Exit Steering Wheel (If Equipped)
Press the down arrow on the INFO button one or more
times until the AUTO EXIT STRG WHEEL prompt
appears on the DIC display. This feature will move the
column to the driver’s exit position when the key is
turned out of ON (away from START) and the driver’s
door is opened.
Note: This feature will not work if any door is open.
Lights Flash at Unlock
Press the down arrow on the INFO button one or more
times until the LIGHTS FLASH AT UNLOCK prompt
appears. To turn this feature on, press the ON/OFF
button until ON is displayed on the DIC. If all the doors
are closed, the parking lamps will flash twice when the
unlock button on the RKE transmitter is pressed. The
lamps will not flash if the manual parking lamps or
headlamps are active. To turn the feature off, press the
ON/OFF button until the OFF prompt appears.
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Lights Flash at Lock
Press the down arrow on the INFO button one or more
times until the LIGHTS FLASH AT LOCK prompt
appears on the DIC display. To turn the feature on, press
the ON/OFF button until ON appears. If all the doors are
closed, the parking lamps will flash once when the lock
button on the RKE transmitter is pressed. The lamps
will not flash if the manual parking lamps are active. To
turn the feature off, press the ON/OFF button until
OFF appears.
Horn Sounds at Lock
Press the down arrow on the INFO button one or more
times until the HORN SOUNDS AT LOCK prompt
appears on the DIC display. To turn the feature on, press
the ON/OFF button until ON appears. If all the doors are
closed, the horn will sound once when the lock button
on the RKE transmitter is pressed. To turn the feature
off, press the ON/OFF button until OFF appears.
Exterior Lighting
This personalization feature enables the driver to
program the exterior lamps to turn on or to remain off
when using the RKE transmitter to unlock the vehicle.
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During dark or night conditions, if exterior lighting is
selected, the parking lamps, taillamps, reverse lamps,
high-beam headlamps, etc. will turn on for about
20 seconds or until a door is opened, the key is turned
out of OFF or the RKE transmitter is used to lock
the vehicle.
Press the INFO button one or more times until the
FEATURE PROGRAMMING prompt appears on the
DIC display. Press the ON/OFF button to enter
FEATURE PROGRAMMING. To exit, press the INFO
RESET button. Press the down arrow on the INFO
button one or more times until the EXT LIGHTS AT
UNLOCK prompt appears.
To turn the feature on, press the ON/OFF button until
ON is displayed. To turn the feature off, press the
ON/OFF button until OFF is displayed.
Programmable Automatic Door Locks
Press the INFO button one or more times until the
FEATURE PROGRAMMING prompt appears on the
DIC display. Press the ON/OFF button to enter
FEATURE PROGRAMMING. To exit, press the INFO
RESET button.
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Doors Lock in Gear
Driver Unlock in Park
Press the down arrow on the INFO button one or more
times until the DOORS LOCK IN GEAR prompt
appears. This feature will automatically lock all doors
when the vehicle is shifted out of PARK (P) and the
driver’s door is closed. To turn the feature on, press
ON/OFF until ON is displayed on the DIC. To turn the
feature off, press ON/OFF until OFF is displayed.
Press the down arrow on the INFO button one or more
times until the DRIVER UNLOCK IN PARK (P)
prompt appears. This feature will automatically unlock
only the driver’s door when the vehicle is shifted into
PARK (P). To turn the feature on, press ON/OFF until
ON is displayed on the DIC. To turn the feature off,
press ON/OFF until OFF is displayed.
Doors Unlock in PARK (P)
Doors Unlock Key Off
Press the down arrow on the INFO button one or more
times until the DOORS UNLOCK IN PARK prompt
appears. This feature will automatically unlock all doors
when the vehicle is shifted into PARK (P). To turn the
feature on, press ON/OFF until ON is displayed on the
DIC. To turn the feature off, press ON/OFF until OFF
is displayed.
Press the down arrow on the INFO button one or more
times until the DOORS UNLOCK KEY OFF prompt
appears. This feature will automatically unlock all doors
when the ignition key is turned to OFF. To turn the
feature on, press ON/OFF until ON is displayed on the
DIC. To turn the feature off, press ON/OFF until OFF
is displayed.
Driver Unlock Key Off
Press the down arrow on the INFO button one or more
times until the DRIVER UNLOCK KEY OFF prompt
appears. This feature will automatically unlock only the
driver’s door when the ignition key is turned to OFF. To
turn the feature on, press ON/OFF until ON is displayed
on the DIC. To turn the feature off, press ON/OFF until
OFF is displayed.
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Curb View Assist Mirror Programming
(If Equipped)
Press the down arrow on the INFO button one or more
times until the MIRROR TO CURB IN REV prompts
appears on the DIC display. This feature will move the
passenger’s outside rearview mirror to a curb view
position when the console shifter is placed in
REVERSE (R) and it will return the mirror to the last
known driving position when the console shifter is
moved out of REVERSE (R). To turn this feature on,
press the ON/OFF button until ON is displayed on the
DIC. To turn the feature off, press the ON/OFF button
until OFF is displayed. For more information, see “Curb
View Assist Mirror” in the Index.
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Driver’s Names Set/Recall (If Equipped)
After the FEATURE PROGRAMMING prompt is
displayed on the DIC and the ON/OFF button is pressed,
the prompts DRIVER NO 1 or DRIVER NO 2 will
appear. These prompts correspond to which RKE
transmitter button or memory recall button has been
pressed on the driver’s door armrest. You may have your
name and a second driver’s name displayed here,
replacing the prompts DRIVER NO 1 and DRIVER
NO 2. A dealership can program your vehicle to display
the names you want. The names will appear whenever
the key is turned to ON only if RKE transmitters 1 or 2
are used to enter the vehicle or buttons 1 or 2 on the
driver’s door are pressed.
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Comfort Controls and Radio System
Personalization
Continuous Variable Road Sensing
Suspension (CVRSS)
These features allow both drivers to personalize their
own climate control settings as well as their radio
settings. For more information, see “Climate Control
Personalization” and “Radio Personalization” in
the Index.
The CVRSS automatically adjusts the ride of your
vehicle. Automatic ride control is achieved through a
computer used to control and monitor the suspension
system. The controller receives input from various
sensors to determine the proper system response. If the
controller detects a problem within the system, the DIC
will display a SERVICE SUSPENSION SYS message.
If this message appears, have your vehicle serviced at
your dealership.
The outside temperature is always available for display
if it has been selected for a DIC display when your
vehicle is running unless an overriding DIC message
appears. You can change the temperature from
Fahrenheit to Celsius by pressing the ENG/MET
(English/metric) button on the instrument panel. For
more information on the DIC, see “DIC Messages” in
the Index.
The electronic sensor can be affected by road or engine
heat during idling, slow driving or when the engine is
first stared after a short trip. To ensure proper automatic
climate control operation, the outside air temperature
display may not update as quickly as expected. This is to
allow the air surrounding the outside temperature sensor
to be as close to the actual outside conditions as
possible. This is determined by how much time has
elapsed since the vehicle has been turned off and by
vehicle speed.
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Oil Life Indicator
The system should indicate changing the oil between
3,000 miles (5 000 km) and 7,500 miles (12 500 km).
It may indicate changing the oil before 3,000 miles
(5 000 km) depending on your driving habits. If the
vehicle has been driven 7,500 miles (12 500 km), it will
indicate to change the oil. If you drive in a dusty area,
you should change your oil every 3,000 miles
(5 000 km) or three months (whichever comes first)
unless the display indicates changing it sooner. See
“Engine Oil, When to Change” in the Index.
This feature lets you know when to change the engine
oil. It’s based on the engine oil temperatures and your
driving patterns. To see the display, press the INFO
button several times until ENGINE OIL LIFE appears.
If you see 99% ENGINE OIL LIFE, 99 percent of your
current oil life remains.
When the oil is changed, you’ll need to reset the system.
See “Oil Life Indicator, How to Reset” in the Index.
The DIC may display a CHANGE ENGINE OIL
message. Always keep a written record of the mileage
and date when you changed your oil. For more
information, see the Maintenance Schedule booklet. If
you see CHANGE ENGINE OIL, it means the oil life is
gone and you should change the oil right away. The
system doesn’t check how much oil you have, so you’ll
still have to check for that. To see how, see “Engine Oil”
in the Index.
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Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
In this section, you’ll find out how to operate the comfort control and audio systems offered with your vehicle. Be
sure to read about the particular systems supplied with your vehicle.
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3-7
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3-8
3-10
3-10
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3-11
3-11
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Comfort Controls
Climate Control Panel
Air Conditioning
Heating
Defrosting and Defogging
Rear Window Defogger
Ventilation System
HVAC Steering Wheel Controls
Climate Control Personalization (If Equipped)
Audio Systems
Setting the Clock
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Player (If Equipped)
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Player with Radio Data
Systems (RDS) and Digital Signal Processing
(DSP) (If Equipped)
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3-31
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Radio Data Systems (RDS) Program Type
(PTY) Selections
CD Adapter Kits
Console-Mounted CD Changer (Option)
Radio Personalization with Home and Away
Feature (If Equipped)
Theft-Deterrent Feature
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
Understanding Radio Reception
Tips About Your Audio System
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
Care of Your Compact Discs
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
Diversity Antenna System
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Comfort Controls
This section tells you how to make your air system work
for you. Your climate control system uses
ozone-friendly R-134a refrigerant.
Climate Control Panel
your preferred climate control settings by using your
remote keyless entry transmitter. See “Climate Control
Personalization” in the Index.
AUTO: The AUTO button will turn on the system
and automatically adjust the fan blower speed, air
delivery mode and temperature to your previously
programmed settings.
TEMP: This knob adjusts the air temperature coming
through the system. Turn the TEMP knob clockwise
to increase the temperature and counterclockwise to
decrease the temperature. You may also press the TEMP
knob to turn the system on and off. (You can turn the
comfort control system on by pressing any button on the
panel. The passenger’s TEMP knob only turns off the
system of the passenger’s side.) Once the system is
turned off, fresh air will continue to flow through the
vehicle, and the system will try to maintain the
previously set temperature.
Your vehicle is equipped with a dual-zone electronic
climate control system. This system can automatically
adjust and control temperature, fan speed, air delivery
mode, air conditioning operation and air intake. You can
use the AUTO (automatic) setting or override the
automatic operation by manually altering the controls.
If your vehicle is equipped with the Climate Control
Personalization feature, you will be able to program
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Driver’s Side Temperature Knob
You can control the temperature of the driver’s side
independently from the passenger’s side. Turn the
driver’s side TEMP knob clockwise to increase the
temperature and counterclockwise to decrease
the temperature.
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Passenger’s Side Temperature Knob
The right front passenger can control the temperature
of air for both the front passenger and rear seat area.
(The passenger’s and driver’s knob adjust from 60_ F
(16_ C) to 90_ F (32_ C) independent of each other. It is
suggested, however, that the passenger’s setting stay no
more than four degrees warmer or cooler in temperature
from the driver’s setting.) To turn the system on, press
the passenger’s side TEMP knob. Turn the passenger’s
side TEMP knob clockwise to increase the temperature
and counterclockwise to decrease the temperature. Press
the passenger’s side TEMP knob again to turn off the
passenger’s side system. If the passenger’s side is turned
off, the driver’s side will control the temperature of the
entire vehicle.
Automatic Operation
When the system is set for automatic operation, sensors
will control the air delivery mode. Air will come from
the floor, the instrument panel or windshield outlets.
The fan speed will vary as the system maintains the
selected temperature setting.
To find your comfort zone, start with the 75_F (24_C)
setting and allow about 30 minutes for the system to
regulate. Turn the TEMP knob to adjust the temperature
if necessary. If you choose 60_F (16_C), the system
will remain at that maximum cooling setting and will
not regulate fan speed. If you choose 90_F (32_C),
the system will remain at that maximum heating setting
and will not regulate fan speed. Choosing either
maximum setting will not cause the system to heat
or cool any faster.
With the automatic setting, the air conditioning
compressor cycles when needed to cool the air. In cold
weather, when the system senses the need for heat,
the airflow will be directed out the floor outlets. As the
interior temperature approaches a desired setting,
the blower speed will decrease. To maintain interior
comfort, the airflow may move to the instrument panel
air outlets and floor outlets (bi-level mode). On bright
sunny days in cold weather, the airflow may come out
of the air conditioning outlets (A/C mode) to maintain
comfort and prevent stuffiness.
Be careful not to put anything over the electronic solar
sensors located near the ends of the instrument panel
near the windshield. These sensors are used by the
automatic system to regulate temperature.
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If your vehicle is sitting out on a hot day and you have it
set on AUTO, the air will first flow out the floor outlets
for a few seconds. This is normal. This is to remove hot
air from the air outlets. As the air is cooled, the airflow
will move through the air conditioning outlets.
To avoid blowing cold air in cold weather, the system
will start at reduced fan speeds until warm air is
available. The length of reduction depends on the
outside air temperature, engine coolant temperature or
the time since the engine was last started. As the coolant
warms up, the blower fan speed will gradually increase
and air will flow from the heater outlets, with some
airflow to the windshield to prevent fogging under most
normal conditions. If you select defrost mode or a
manual fan speed, this function will be skipped.
If you leave your vehicle, the system will remember the
control setting the next time you start your engine,
except for recirculation and defrost. Each ignition cycle
cancels recirculation. Defrost will change to automatic
operation when the ignition is shut off and then turned
back on.
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Manual Operation
You may manually adjust the air delivery mode, fan
speed, air input and compressor operation using the
following controls.
DEFROST (FRONT): Press this button to quickly
remove fog or frost from the windshield. This setting
sends most of the airflow to the windshield with only a
small amount to the floor outlets.
RECIRCULATION: Press this button to limit
the amount of fresh air entering your vehicle. This is
helpful when you are trying to cool the air quickly or
limit odors entering your vehicle. In the AUTO mode,
the system will use recirculation as necessary to cool the
air. Pressing the recirculation button will change the
operation to a manual mode and the air will recirculate
non-stop. Press this button again to turn off the
recirculation feature. If you notice the windows fogging,
press the recirculation button to exit the recirculation
mode. Recirculation is not available in the defrost mode.
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A/C: Press this button to turn the air conditioning
compressor on and off. When you press the button, an
A/C OFF message appears on the climate control panel’s
display. Press the button again and the air conditioner
will return to automatic control. The system will cool
and dehumidify the air inside the vehicle. In the
automatic mode, the air conditioning compressor only
operates when the system determines it is needed. The
A/C OFF function is not available in the defrost mode.
MODE: Press this button (the right or left arrow) to
deliver air through the floor, instrument panel or
windshield outlets. The climate control system will stay
in the selected mode until the MODE button, the
DEFROST button or the AUTO button is pressed again.
Press the left or right arrow to cycle through the
following available modes.
UPPER: This setting directs airflow through the
middle instrument panel outlets. Your vehicle is
equipped with a driver’s side lap cooler which will also
come on when the upper vents are being used.
DEFOG: This setting directs air to the floor
outlets and toward the windshield.
HEATER: This setting directs warmed air
through the floor outlets. Some warm air is diverted to
the windshield to minimize fogging.
FAN: The button with the fan symbol adjusts the
fan speed. Press the up arrow to increase fan speed and
the down arrow to decrease fan speed. Press the AUTO
button to set the fan speed for automatic operation.
If it is cold outside, the blower may not run in the
maximum high fan speed right away. The system checks
the temperature of the engine coolant to assure it is
warm enough to provide heat. When the engine coolant
is warm, the controller allows the fan to gradually
increase to a higher speed. This prevents cold air from
blowing into the passenger’s compartment. Selecting a
manual fan speed will override this feature.
BI-LEVEL: This setting directs air into your
vehicle in two ways. Cool air is directed to the upper
portion of your body through the four instrument panel
outlets while warmed air is directed to the floor.
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Electronic Solar Sensor
Air Conditioning
On hot days, open the windows long enough to let hot
inside air escape. This reduces the time it takes for your
vehicle to cool down. Then keep your windows closed
for the air conditioner to work its best. Your A/C setting
may be adjusted automatically or manually. It may also
be set separately on the passenger’s side from the
driver’s side. See “Climate Control Panel” earlier in
this section.
Heating
Adjust the interior temperature to a comfortable level
and if the fan speed needs adjusting, press the up or
down arrow. Adjusting the fan speed will cancel the cold
air delay.
The sensor monitors the sun’s solar radiation and is
located near the end of the instrument panel near
the windshield.
The climate control panel uses this information to
automatically make the necessary temperature and
airflow adjustments to maintain your comfort. The
climate control system may supply cooler air to one side
of your vehicle, if that side is facing the sun. Be careful
not to put anything over the sensor on top of the
instrument panel.
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Outside air will be brought in and sent through the floor,
air conditioning or bi-level outlets. The heater works
best if you keep your windows closed while using it.
In automatic operation, your fan will not run at high
speed to minimize warm-up time.
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Defrosting and Defogging
Use defrost (front) on cool and humid days to keep the
windshield and side windows clear. This setting will
remove fog or ice from the windshield quickly in
extremely humid or cold conditions. If you desire to
have more air on your feet, turn the control to the defog
mode. You may do this by pressing the right or left
arrow on the MODE button.
Press the fan button’s up or down arrow to control the
blower speed. You may also adjust the temperature by
turning the TEMP knob.
The recirculation mode and the A/C OFF message are
not available in the defrost mode.
Rear Window Defogger
The grid lines you see on
the rear window warm the
glass. Press this button to
turn on the rear defogger.
With it, the rear window
and both outside rearview
mirrors are heated. The
light on the button will
come on while the system
is activated.
The system will automatically shut off after 10 minutes.
If further defogging is desired, press the button again.
The system will automatically shut off after five minutes
for any cycles after the initial activation.
Note: The lines along the top of the window are for
the diversity antenna and are not intended to defog the
rear window.
Do not attach a temporary vehicle license, tape or decals
across the defogger grid on the rear window.
NOTICE:
Scraping the inside of your rear window could
cut and damage the heating grids. Your warranty
would not cover this damage. Don’t put decals
there because you might have to scrape them off.
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Ventilation System
Your vehicle’s flow-through ventilation system supplies
Rear Ventilation
outside air into the vehicle when it is moving. Outside
air will also enter the vehicle when the heater or the air
conditioning fan is running.
The direction and quantity of airflow for the rear seats
can also be adjusted at the back of the console. Heater
outlets are located under the front seat to warm the feet
of rear passengers.
The front outlets are located in the center and at each
side of the instrument panel. You can adjust the
direction of airflow by moving the center control levers
or you can stop the airflow by moving the control dial
located on each outlet downward.
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Move the fan lever to adjust the blower speed from LO
to HI. Adjust the knob to direct the air flow. To reduce
airflow to the rear outlets, slide the fan lever all the way
to the left. Turning the knob to OFF will completely
stop airflow, no matter where the fan blower control
is set.
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Ventilation Tips
D Keep the hood and front air inlet free of ice, snow or
any other obstruction (such as leaves). The heater
and defroster will work far better, reducing the
chance of fogging the inside of the windows.
D Keep the air path under the front seats clear of
objects. This helps circulate air throughout
your vehicle.
Passenger Compartment Air Filter
Passenger compartment air, both outside air and
recirculated air, is routed through a passenger
compartment filter, which is part of a three-piece filter
system. The carbon-treated filter removes certain
contaminants from the air, including pollen and dust
particles. Reductions in airflow, which may occur more
quickly in dusty areas, indicate that the filter needs to be
replaced early.
The filter is located inside the air control module, with
an access panel under the instrument panel near the
accelerator pedal. The filter should be replaced as part
of routine scheduled maintenance. See the Maintenance
Schedule booklet for replacement intervals. See your
dealer for details on changing the filter.
Your vehicle will not be damaged if you choose not to
replace the filter once the old one is removed.
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HVAC Steering Wheel Controls
Some heating and cooling
controls can be adjusted at
the steering wheel. Other
touch controls operate some
audio controls. See “Audio
Steering Wheel Controls” in
the Index.
TEMP: Press the up arrow on the control to increase
the temperature and the down arrow to
decrease temperature.
FAN: Press the up arrow on the control to increase
the fan speed and the down arrow to decrease fan speed.
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Climate Control Personalization
(If Equipped)
With this feature, your vehicle will recall the latest
climate control settings as adjusted the last time your
vehicle was operated. These settings include the set
temperatures for driver and passenger, air conditioning,
mode and fan speed. (This feature does not recall
recirculation or defrost modes.) This feature allows two
different drivers to store and recall their own climate
control settings. The settings recalled by the climate
control system are determined by which Remote
Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter (“1” or “2”) was used
to enter the vehicle. The number on the back of the
RKE transmitter corresponds to driver 1 or to driver 2.
After any button is pressed on the RKE transmitter or
the key is placed in the ignition, the climate control
settings will automatically adjust to where they were last
set. The settings can also be changed by briefly pressing
buttons 1 or 2 located on the driver’s door.
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Audio Systems
Your Cadillac audio system has been designed to operate
easily and give years of listening pleasure. You will get
the most enjoyment out of it if you acquaint yourself
with it first. Find out what your audio system can do and
how to operate all its controls to be sure you’re getting
the most out of the advanced engineering that went
into it.
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Player (If Equipped)
Setting the Clock
Press and hold HR or MN until the time display begins
to change. Release the button as you get close to the
correct time. The time may be set anytime the clock is
displayed. There is a two-second delay before the clock
goes into time-set mode.
Playing the Radio
PWR/VOL: Press this knob lightly to turn the system
on. Press the knob again to turn the system off. To
increase volume, turn the knob clockwise. Turn it
counterclockwise to decrease volume.
HR or MN: Display the time with the ignition off by
pressing this button.
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SOURCE: Press this button to select a source. Sources
include cassette and compact disc. The audio source
must be loaded to play. Available loaded sources are
shown on the display. If a source is being used, it will be
underlined on the display. If none of the audio sources
are loaded, NO SOURCE LOADED will appear on the
display. Press this button again or press BAND to switch
back to the radio.
MUTE: Press this button to silence the system. Press it
again to turn on the sound.
SCAN: Press this button for less than two seconds to
scan radio stations. The radio will go to a station, stop
for five seconds, then go on to the next station. Press
this button again to stop scanning.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to
18 stations (six AM, six FM1 and six FM2). Just:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select AM, FM1 or FM2.
Finding a Station
3. Tune in the desired station.
BAND: Press this button to select AM, FM1 or FM2.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons for
more than two seconds until you hear a beep.
Whenever you press that numbered button for less
than two seconds, the station you set will return.
TUNE-SEEK: When this button is pressed it has two
positions. Press this button to the first position to
manually tune to higher or lower stations. If this button
is held at the first position for a few seconds, the radio
will continue tuning until this button is released. Press
this button to the second position and release to seek to
the next higher or lower radio station.
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5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
When battery power is removed and later applied, you
will not have to reset your radio presets because the
radio remembers them.
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PRESET SCAN: Press and hold SCAN for more than
two seconds until you hear a beep to listen to each of
your preset stations for five seconds. The radio will go
to the first preset station stored on your pushbuttons,
stop for five seconds, then go on to the next preset
station. Press SCAN again to stop scanning. If a preset
station has weak reception, the radio will not stop at the
preset station.
Adjusting the Speakers
Setting the Tone
With the radio on, insert a cassette tape. The tape will
begin playing as soon as it is inserted. When one side of
your cassette tape is done playing, auto reverse plays the
other side of your cassette tape. Cassette tapes may be
loaded with the radio off but they will not start playing
until the radio is on. If you want to insert a cassette tape
when the ignition is off, first press the eject button.
TONE: Press and release this button until the desired
tone control (BASS, TREBLE or MIDRANGE) is
found. The radio keeps separate tone settings for each
band, each preset and each source.
LEVEL: After selecting the desired tone control, press
the plus (+) or minus (-) symbol on this button to select
the desired level.
To save the tone settings for your presets, press and hold
the numbered button for the desired preset for more than
two seconds until you hear a beep.
SPEAKER: Press and release this button until the
desired BALANCE or FADE control is found.
LEVEL: After selecting the desired BALANCE or
FADE control, press the plus (+) or minus (-) symbol on
this button to select the desired level.
Playing a Cassette Tape
While the tape is playing, use the VOL, TONE, LEVEL,
and SPEAKER controls just as you do for the radio.
Other controls may have different functions when a tape
is inserted. The display will show an underlined tape
symbol. TAPE PLAY will appear on the display when a
tape is playing, with an arrow to indicate which side of
the tape is playing.
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If an error occurs while trying to play a cassette tape, it
could be that:
D The cassette tape is tight and the cassette player
cannot turn the hubs of the tape. Hold the cassette
tape with the open end down and try turning the right
hub counterclockwise with a pencil. Flip the tape
over and repeat. If the hubs do not turn easily, your
cassette tape may be damaged and should not be
used in the player. Try a new tape to be sure your
player is working properly.
D The cassette tape is broken. (Check to see if your
tape is broken. Try a new tape.)
RW: Press the left arrow to rewind the tape rapidly.
The radio will play while the tape rewinds. You may use
your station pushbuttons to tune to another radio station
while in RW mode. Press the left arrow again to return
to playing speed.
FF: Press the right arrow to fast forward to another part
of the tape. The radio will play while the tape advances.
You may use your station pushbuttons to tune to another
radio station while in FF mode. Press the right arrow
again to return to playing speed.
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TUNE-SEEK: When this button is pressed, it has
two positions. This button works the same, whether it is
pressed to the first or second position. Press this button
to seek to the next or previous selection on the tape.
Your tape must have at least three seconds of silence
between each selection for TUNE-SEEK to work.
The sound will mute while seeking.
SCAN: Press this button to listen to selections for a few
seconds. The tape will go to a selection, stop for a few
seconds, then go on to the next selection. Press this
button again to stop scanning.
SIDE: Press this button to change the side of the tape
that is playing.
EJECT: Press the upward triangle button to the
right of the cassette tape player to remove a tape. The
radio will play. Eject may be activated with the radio off
and/or the ignition off.
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CLEAN TAPE: If this message appears on the display,
the cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still
play tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to the tapes and player. See “Care of
Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index. After you
clean the player, press and hold the eject button for
three seconds to reset the CLEAN TAPE indicator.
Your cassette tape player automatically reduces
background noise from tapes encoded with Dolby NR.
Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured under a license
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby
and the double-D symbol are trademarks of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Auto CrO2 allows the cassette tape player to adjust
to the type of cassette tape for clearer sound for
CrO2 cassette tapes.
Playing a Compact Disc
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in. If the ignition and the radio are on
and the underlined compact disc symbol appears on the
display, the disc will begin playing. Compact discs may
be loaded with the radio off but they will not start
playing until the radio is on. If you want to insert a disc
when the ignition is off, first press the eject button.
The integral CD player can play the smaller 8 cm
compact discs. Full-size compact discs and the smaller
compact discs are loaded in the same manner.
If you’re driving on a very rough road or if it’s very hot,
the disc may not play. If the disc comes out, it could
be that:
D The disc is upside down.
D It is dirty, scratched or wet.
D The air is very humid. (If so, wait about an hour and
try again.)
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, please contact your dealer.
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RW: Press and hold the left arrow to reverse the
compact disc. Release it to return to playing speed.
FF: Press and hold the right arrow to fast forward to
another part of the compact disc. Release it to return to
playing speed.
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Player with Radio Data
Systems (RDS) and Digital Signal
Processing (DSP) (If Equipped)
TUNE-SEEK: When this button is pressed, it has
two positions. This button works the same, whether it
is pressed to the first or second position. Press this
button to seek to the next or previous selection on the
compact disc.
SCAN: Press this button to listen to selections for a few
seconds. The compact disc will go to a selection, stop
for a few seconds, then go on to the next selection. Press
this button again to stop scanning.
RDM: Press this button to hear the tracks in random,
rather than sequential, order. Press RDM again to turn
off random play.
EJECT: Press the upward triangle button to the
right of the CD player to remove a compact disc. The
radio will play. Eject may be activated with the radio off
and/or the ignition off.
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Playing the Radio
PWR/VOL: Press this knob lightly to turn the system
on. Press the knob again to turn the system off. To
increase volume, turn the knob clockwise. Turn it
counterclockwise to decrease volume.
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AVC: Your system has a feature called Automatic
Volume Control (AVC). With AVC, your audio system
monitors the noise in the vehicle. Then, AVC
automatically adjusts the volume level so that it always
sounds the same to you. To use AVC, press and hold the
TONE button until AUTO VOLUME CONTROL OFF
appears on the display. Then press the LEVEL
plus (+) symbol. AUTO VOLUME CONTROL ON
will appear on the display. AVC VOLUME will appear
on the display any time you adjust the volume while
AVC is on. To turn AVC off, press and hold the
TONE button until AUTO VOLUME CONTROL ON
appears on the display. Then press the LEVEL
minus (-) symbol. AUTO VOLUME CONTROL OFF
will appear on the display.
Finding a Station
BAND: Press this button to select AM, FM1, FM2
or weather.
TUNE-SEEK: When this button is pressed it has
two positions. Press this button to the first position to
manually tune to higher or lower stations. If this button
is held at the first position for a few seconds, the radio
will continue tuning until this button is released. Press
this button to the second position and release to seek to
the next higher or lower radio station.
SCAN: Press this button for less than two seconds to
scan radio stations. The radio will go to a station, stop
for five seconds, then go on to the next station. Press
this button again to stop scanning.
HR or MN: Display the time with the ignition off by
pressing this button.
SOURCE: Press this button to select a source. Sources
include cassette and compact disc. The audio source
must be loaded to play. Available loaded sources are
shown on the display. If a source is being used, it will be
underlined on the display. If none of the audio sources
are loaded, NO SOURCE LOADED will appear on the
display. Press this button again or press BAND to switch
back to the radio.
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PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations. The RDS PTY
mode must be off to use this mode. You can set up
to 24 stations (six AM, six FM1, six FM2 and
six weather). Just:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select AM, FM1, FM2 or weather.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons for
more than two seconds. Whenever you press that
numbered button for less than two seconds, the
station you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
When battery power is removed and later applied, you
will not have to reset your radio presets because the
radio remembers them.
PRESET SCAN: Press and hold SCAN for more than
two seconds until you hear a beep to listen to each of
your preset stations for five seconds. The radio will go
to the first preset station stored on your pushbuttons,
stop for five seconds, then go on to the next preset
station. Press SCAN again to stop scanning. If a preset
station has weak reception, the radio will not stop at the
preset station.
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Using RDS Mode
Your audio system is equipped with Radio Data Systems
(RDS). RDS mode gives you many useful new features.
When RDS is on, the radio can:
D seek only to stations with the types of programs you
want to listen to,
D seek to stations with traffic announcements,
D receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies,
D receive and display messages from radio stations and
D search for a stronger station when a station is too
weak for listening.
RDS features are only available for use on FM stations
which broadcast RDS information.
RDS SELECT: Press this button to use the
alternate RDS functions (RDS, TA, MSG, PTY and
PTY ) located on the six numbered pushbuttons.
RDS SELECT: will appear on the display. The alternate
RDS functions are only available when you are using
the FM band of your radio.
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RDS (1): With RDS off, press the RDS SELECT button,
followed by this button to turn RDS on. The RDS
display will turn on. You must have RDS on to use the
new RDS functions. The RDS display will also turn on
if one of the other RDS function buttons has been
pressed on. If you are tuned to a station broadcasting
RDS information, the station’s call letters and Program
Type (PTY) will replace the station’s frequency on the
display. After five seconds, the program type will be
replaced on the display by the station’s program type
name. The program type and program type name may be
the same or different. Press BAND to recall the
frequency and program type displays. If the radio is
tuned to a station that is not broadcasting RDS
information, the station’s frequency will remain on the
display. While RDS is on, the radio will search for a
stronger station in the network when a station gets too
weak for listening. Press the RDS SELECT button,
followed by this button again to turn RDS off. All RDS
functions will be turned off.
REGION: You can also use the RDS button to access
the region function. When an RDS station becomes
weak, this function searches for a stronger station within
the same network. A network can span a great distance.
One network can have stations spread across a country
or continent. Each network breaks down into regions.
With regions, local news items like weather and traffic
are available to you. When the region function is on, the
radio only searches for stations in the same network and
region. You can only use the region function when RDS
is already on. Press the RDS SELECT button. Then
press and hold the RDS button for two seconds.
REGION: ON will appear on the display. While
REGION: ON appears on the display, press the
RDS button again to turn the region function off.
REGION: OFF will appear on the display. The region
function can be turned on again by pressing the
RDS button.
TA (2): Press the RDS SELECT button, followed by
this button to receive traffic announcements. The radio
will turn on the TA display. TP will appear on the
display if the tuned station broadcasts traffic
announcements. You may also receive traffic
announcements from stations in the network related to
the tuned station. If the current tuned station does not
broadcast traffic announcements, the radio will seek to a
station which does. When the radio finds a station which
broadcasts traffic announcements, it will stop. If no
station is found, NONE FOUND will appear on the
display. When SEEK or SCAN is pressed with the
traffic announcement function on, the radio will only
stop at stations which broadcast traffic announcements.
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While a traffic announcement plays, the radio uses a
special type of volume called TA volume. To increase
TA volume, turn the PWR/VOL knob clockwise.
Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
TA VOLUME will appear on the display while the
volume is being adjusted.
When a traffic announcement comes on the tuned radio
station or a related network station, you will hear it,
even if the volume is muted or a cassette tape or
compact disc is playing. If the radio tunes to a related
network station for a traffic announcement, it will return
to the original station when the announcement is
finished. If the cassette tape or compact disc player was
being used, the tape or compact disc will stay in the
player and resume play at the point where it stopped.
Press the RDS SELECT button, followed by this button
again to turn TA off.
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MSG (3): When RDS is on, if the current station has a
message, MSG will appear on the display. Press the
RDS SELECT button, followed by this button to see the
message. If the whole message does not appear on the
display, parts of the message will appear every three
seconds until the message is completed. To see the parts
of the message faster than every three seconds, press this
button again. A new group of words will appear on the
display. Once the complete message has been displayed,
MSG will disappear from the display until another new
MSG is received.
PTY (4): This button is used to turn on and off Program
Type (PTY) seeks and scans. Press the RDS SELECT
button, followed by this button. The PTY display will
turn on. RDS SELECT: PTY NEWS will appear on the
display for three seconds. (The PTY shown will be the
last PTY selected.) Press the RDS SELECT button,
followed by this button again to turn the PTY
display off.
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tPTYu (5) (6): With RDS on, press the
RDS SELECT button, followed by t or u. The
PTY display will turn on, if it is not already on.
RDS SELECT: PTY NEWS will appear on the display
for three seconds. (The PTY shown will be the last PTY
selected.) While this message is displayed, use
and
to move up and down the PTY list. If you pause on
a PTY for three seconds, PRESET PTY: NEWS will
appear on the display. While this message is displayed,
you can save the PTY in a preset by pressing one of the
six numbered pushbuttons until you hear a beep. Allow
three seconds for the message to disappear if you do not
want to save the PTY in a preset. See “Radio Data
Systems (RDS) Program Type (PTY) Selections” in
the Index.
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When the PTY display is on, press SEEK and SCAN to
find radio stations of the PTY you want to listen to. The
last PTY selected will be used for seek and scan modes.
If a station with the selected PTY is not found, NONE
FOUND will appear on the display. If both PTY and TA
are on, the radio will search for stations with traffic
announcements and the selected PTY.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite Program Types (PTYs).
These buttons have factory PTY presets. See “Radio
Data Systems (RDS) Program Type (PTY) Selections”
in the Index. You can set up to 12 PTYs (six FM1 and
six FM2). Just:
1. Turn PTY on.
2. Press BAND to select FM1 or FM2.
3. Tune in an RDS station with the PTY you desire.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons for
more than two seconds until you hear a beep.
Whenever you press that numbered button for less
than two seconds, the PTY you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
When battery power is removed and later applied, you
will not have to reset your RDS presets because the
radio remembers them.
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HR or MN: Press the RDS SELECT button, followed
by one of these buttons to display the time for the
current station. STATION TIME IS will be displayed.
If a time has not been sent to the radio, NO STATION
TIME will be displayed. If you have recently tuned to
the station, you may need to wait a minute before the
time is available to the radio. To set the clock to the
current displayed station time, press and hold HR or MN
until TIME UPDATED is displayed. There is a two
second delay before the time is updated. RDS mode
does not have to be on to use this function, but you must
be tuned to an FM RDS station.
ALERT: This type of announcement warns of national
or local emergencies. You will not be able to turn off
alert announcements. Alert announcements will come on
even if RDS mode is turned off. ALERT appears on the
display when an alert announcement plays. The radio
uses TA volume during these announcements. To
increase volume, turn the PWR/VOL knob clockwise.
Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume. TA
VOLUME will appear on the display while the volume
is being adjusted. When an alert announcement comes
on the tuned radio station or a related network station,
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you will hear it, even if the volume is muted or a
cassette tape or compact disc is playing. If the
radio tunes to a related network station for an alert
announcement, it will return to the original station when
the announcement is finished. If the cassette tape or
compact disc player is playing, play will stop for the
announcement and resume when the announcement
is finished.
Setting the Tone
TONE: Press and release this button until the desired
tone control (BASS, TREBLE or MIDRANGE) is
found. The radio keeps separate tone settings for each
band, preset (except weather band presets) and source.
LEVEL: After selecting the desired tone control, press
the plus (+) or minus (-) symbol on this button to select
the desired level.
To save the tone settings for your presets, press and hold
the numbered button for the desired preset for more than
two seconds until you hear a beep.
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Using DSP Mode
DSP: The Digital Signal Processing (DSP) feature is used
to provide a choice of four different listening experiences:
TALK, FRONT SEAT, AMBIENCE and SPACIOUS.
DSP can be used while listening to the radio, the cassette
tape player or the CD player. Press this button to turn DSP
on. Press and release this button until you reach the
desired selection. To turn DSP off, press and hold this
button until DSP OFF appears on the display. When DSP
OFF is displayed, the system will provide the best overall
BoseR performance. The radio keeps separate DSP
settings for each band (except weather band, which is
always set to TALK), preset and source.
D TALK: This setting is used when listening to
non-musical material such as news, talk shows,
sports broadcasts and books on tape. TALK makes
spoken words sound very clear.
D FRONT SEAT: This setting adjusts the audio to
give the front seat occupants the best possible sound
qualities. FRONT SEAT can be used at any time for
any material. Rear seat passengers in the vehicle may
not get the same effect.
D AMBIENCE: This setting is used to enhance the
stereo effect.
D SPACIOUS: This setting is used to make the
listening space seem larger.
Adjusting the Speakers
TONE: Press and release this button until the desired
BALANCE or FADE control is found.
LEVEL: After selecting the desired BALANCE or
FADE control, press the plus (+) or minus (-) symbol on
this button to select the desired level.
Playing a Cassette Tape
With the radio on, insert a cassette tape. The tape will
begin playing as soon as it is inserted. When one side of
your cassette tape is done playing, auto reverse plays the
other side of your cassette tape. Cassette tapes may be
loaded with the radio off but they will not start playing
until the radio is on. If you want to insert a cassette tape
when the ignition is off, first press the eject button.
While the tape is playing, use the VOL, TONE, LEVEL
and DSP controls just as you do for the radio. Other
controls may have different functions when a tape is
inserted. The display will show an underlined tape
symbol. TAPE PLAY will appear on the display when a
tape is playing, with an arrow to indicate which side of
the tape is playing.
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If an error occurs while trying to play a cassette tape, it
could be that:
D The cassette tape is tight and the cassette player
cannot turn the hubs of the tape. Hold the cassette
tape with the open end down and try turning the right
hub counterclockwise with a pencil. Flip the tape
over and repeat. If the hubs do not turn easily, your
cassette tape may be damaged and should not be
used in the player. Try a new tape to be sure your
player is working properly.
D The cassette tape is broken. (Check to see if your
tape is broken. Try a new tape.)
RW: Press the left arrow to rewind the tape rapidly.
The radio will play while the tape rewinds. You may use
your station pushbuttons to tune to another radio station
while in RW mode. Press the left arrow again to return
to playing speed.
FF: Press the right arrow to fast forward to another part
of the tape. The radio will play while the tape advances.
You may use your station pushbuttons to tune to another
radio station while in FF mode. Press the right arrow
again to return to playing speed.
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TUNE-SEEK: When this button is pressed, it has
two positions. This button works the same, whether it is
pressed to the first or second position. Press this button
to seek to the next or previous selection on the tape.
Your tape must have at least three seconds of silence
between each selection for TUNE-SEEK to work.
The sound will mute while seeking.
SCAN: Press this button to listen to selections for a few
seconds. The tape will go to a selection, stop for a few
seconds, then go on to the next selection. Press this
button again to stop scanning.
SIDE: Press this button to change the side of the tape
that is playing.
EJECT: Press the upward triangle button to the
right of the cassette tape player to remove a tape. The
radio will play. Eject may be activated with the radio off
and/or the ignition off.
CLEAN TAPE: If this message appears on the display,
the cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still
play tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to the tapes and player. See “Care of
Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index. After you clean
the player, press and hold the eject button for three
seconds to reset the CLEAN TAPE indicator.
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Your cassette tape player automatically reduces
background noise from tapes encoded with Dolby NR.
Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured under a license
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby
and the double-D symbol are trademarks of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Auto CrO2 allows the cassette tape player to adjust to
the type of cassette tape for clearer sound for CrO2
cassette tapes.
Playing a Compact Disc
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in. If the ignition and the radio are on
and the underlined compact disc symbol appears on the
display, the disc will begin playing. Compact discs may
be loaded with the radio off but they will not start
playing until the radio is on. If you want to insert a disc
when the ignition is off, first press the eject button.
If you’re driving on a very rough road or if it’s very hot,
the disc may not play. If the disc comes out, it could
be that:
D The disc is upside down.
D It is dirty, scratched or wet.
D The air is very humid. (If so, wait about an hour and
try again.)
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, please contact your dealer.
RW: Press and hold the left arrow to reverse the
compact disc. Release it to return to playing speed.
FF: Press and hold the right arrow to fast forward to
another part of the compact disc. Release it to return to
playing speed.
The integral CD player can play the smaller 8 cm
compact discs. Full-size compact discs and the smaller
compact discs are loaded in the same manner.
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TUNE-SEEK: When this button is pressed, it has
two positions. This button works the same, whether it is
pressed to the first or second position. Press this button
to seek to the next or previous selection on the
compact disc.
SCAN: Press this button to listen to selections for a few
seconds. The compact disc will go to a selection, stop
for a few seconds, then go on to the next selection.
Press this button again to stop scanning.
RDM: Press this button to hear the tracks in random,
rather than sequential, order. Press RDM again to turn
off random play.
EJECT: Press the upward triangle button to the
right of the compact disc player to remove a compact
disc. The radio will play. Eject may be activated with the
radio off and/or the ignition off.
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Radio Data Systems (RDS) Program Type
(PTY) Selections
PTY List
Description
Adlt Hit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Adult Hits
Any . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Any
Classicl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Classical
Cls Rock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Classical Rock
College . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . College
Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Country
Info . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Information
Jazz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jazz
Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Language
News . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . News
Nostalga . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nostalgia
Oldies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Oldies
Persnlty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personality
Public . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public
R & B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rhythm and Blues
Rel Musc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Religious Music
Rel Talk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Religious Talk
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PTY List
Description
Rock M . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rock Music
Soft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Soft
Soft Rock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Soft Rock
Sports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sports
Talk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Talk
Top 40 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Top 40
Weather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Weather
CD Adapter Kits
It is possible to use a CD adapter kit with your cassette
tape player after activating the bypass feature on your
tape player.
To activate the bypass feature, use the following steps:
1. Turn the ignition to ON or ACC.
2. Turn the radio off.
3. Press and hold the SOURCE button for two seconds.
The tape symbol on the display will flash three
times, indicating the feature is active.
Factory PTY Presets
Preset
FM1
FM2
4. Insert the adapter.
Preset 1
Adult Hits
Jazz
Preset 2
Classical
Oldies
This override routine will remain active until the eject
button is pressed.
Preset 3
News
Religious Music
Preset 4
Public
Soft Rock
Preset 5
Rock
R&B
Preset 6
Country
Top 40
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Console-Mounted CD Changer (Option)
Once you have loaded the discs in the magazine, slide
open the door of the compact disc (CD) changer. Push
the magazine into the changer in the direction of the
arrow marked on top of the magazine.
Close the door by sliding it all the way forward. When
the CD magazine is loaded, the changer will begin
checking for discs in the magazine. This will continue
for up to one minute, depending on the number of
discs loaded.
To eject the magazine from the player, slide the
CD changer door all the way open, then press the
eject button. Remember to keep the door closed
whenever possible to keep dirt and dust from getting
inside the changer.
With the compact disc changer, you can play up to
six discs continuously. Normal size discs may be played
using the slots supplied in the magazine.
You must first load the magazine with discs before you
can play a compact disc. Load the CDs from bottom to
top, placing a disc in the magazine label side up. If you
load a disc label side down, the disc will not play and an
error will occur. Repeat this procedure for loading up to
six discs in the magazine.
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Whenever a CD magazine with discs is loaded in the
changer, the CD changer symbol will appear on the
radio display. If the CD changer is checking the
magazine for CDs, the CD symbol will flash on the
display until the changer is ready to play. When a
CD begins playing, a disc and track number will be
displayed. The disc numbers are listed on the front of
the magazine.
All of the CD functions are controlled by the radio
buttons, except for ejecting the CD magazine.
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PUSHBUTTONS: Press buttons one through six to
select compact discs one through six. These pushbuttons
represent the order of the discs loaded in the changer.
RW: Press and hold this button to reverse quickly
through a track selection.
FF: Press and hold this button to advance quickly
through a track selection.
TUNE-SEEK: When this button is pressed, it has
two positions. This button works the same, whether it is
pressed to the first or second position. Press this button
to seek to the next or previous selection on the
compact disc.
TRACK SCAN: When you press SCAN for less than
two seconds, you will hear the first few seconds of each
track on a disc. Press SCAN again to stop TRACK
SCAN. The CD will mute while scanning and SCAN
will appear on the display.
RDM: Press this button to hear the tracks in random,
rather than sequential, order. RANDOM will appear on
the display. Press TUNE-SEEK while RDM is on the
display to randomly seek through discs. Press RDM
again to turn off random play.
SIDE: Press this button to select the next disc in the
changer. Each time you press this button, DISC
LOADING will appear on the display and the disc
number on the radio display will go to that of the next
available CD.
SOURCE: Press this button to select a source. The
audio source must be loaded to play. If none of the audio
sources are loaded, NO SOURCE LOADED will appear
on the display. Press this button again or press BAND to
switch back to the radio.
EJECT: Slide the CD changer door all the way
open. Press the upward triangle button. The CD
magazine will eject.
DISC SCAN: When you press SCAN for more than two
seconds, you will hear the first few seconds of the first
track on each disc. Press SCAN again to stop DISC
SCAN. The CD will mute while scanning and SCAN
will appear on the display.
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Compact Disc Changer Errors
CD CHANGER ERROR could be displayed for
the following:
D The road is too rough. The disc should play when the
road is smoother.
D The disc is dirty, scratched, wet or loaded label
side down.
D The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, please contact your dealer.
Radio Personalization with Home and Away
Feature (If Equipped)
If DRIVER 1 (HOME or AWAY) PRESETS or
DRIVER 2 (HOME or AWAY) PRESETS appears in the
display when the radio is first turned on, your vehicle is
equipped with this feature.
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With this feature, your vehicle will recall the latest radio
settings as adjusted the last time your vehicle was
operated. This feature allows two different drivers to
store and recall their own radio settings. The settings
recalled by the radio are determined by which Remote
Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter (“1” or “2”) was used
to enter the vehicle. The number on the back of the RKE
transmitter corresponds to driver 1 or to driver 2. The
radio settings will automatically adjust to where they
were last set by the identified driver. The settings can
also be recalled by briefly pressing the MEMORY seat
buttons 1 or 2 located on the driver’s door.
Your radio can store home and away presets. Home and
away presets allow you to use one set of preset radio
settings in the area where you live, and another set when
you go out of town. That way, you will not need to
reprogram your presets every time you travel. With the
radio off and the clock displayed, use FF and RW to
select home or away presets. To select the away presets,
press and hold FF for five counts until you hear a beep.
The next time the radio comes on, the away presets will
be active. To select the home presets, press and hold RW
for five counts until you hear a beep. The next time the
radio comes on, the home presets will be active.
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When battery power is removed and later applied, you
will not have to reset your home radio presets because
the radio remembers them. However, you will have to
reset your away radio presets.
Theft-Deterrent Feature
THEFTLOCKR is designed to discourage theft of your
radio. Your vehicle has a “built-in” theft-deterrent
feature on each radio that is automatic -- there is no
programming required. The radio in your vehicle cannot
be used in any other vehicle. When the radio was
originally installed in your vehicle at the factory, it
stored the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). Each
time the ignition is turned on, the VIN is verified. If the
vehicle’s VIN does not match the VIN stored in the
radio, THEFTLOCK will be activated and the audio
system will not play. If the radio is removed from your
vehicle, the original VIN in the radio can be used to
trace the radio back to your vehicle.
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
Some audio controls
can be adjusted at the
steering wheel. They
include the following:
VOL: Press the up arrow button to increase volume and
the down arrow button to decrease volume.
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SEL: When listening to the radio, press the up or down
arrow button to tune to the next or previous preset radio
station. When listening to a cassette tape, the up or down
arrow button can be used to SEEK forward and rearward
through the tape. Pressing the up or down arrow button
when listening to a CD will cause the player to go to the
next or previous selection. When in Radio Data Systems
(RDS) Program Type (PTY) mode, the up or down
arrow button can be used to perform a PTY preset seek.
PSEEK will appear on the display while the PTY preset
seek is performed. The radio will seek all of the PTYs
stored in presets, except for the PTY Any.
FM Stereo
Understanding Radio Reception
Tips About Your Audio System
AM
The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially at night. The longer range, however, can
cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can pick
up noise from things like storms and power lines. Try
reducing the treble to reduce this noise if you ever get it.
FM stereo will give you the best sound, but FM signals
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). Tall
buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals, causing
the sound to come and go.
Weather Band (If Equipped)
Weather band is restricted to speech and the audio
quality is not as good as with the AM or FM bands.
Depending on location, the radio should receive one or
two channels.
Hearing damage from loud noise is almost undetectable
until it is too late. Your hearing can adapt to higher
volumes of sound. Sound that seems normal can be loud
and harmful to your hearing. Take precautions by
adjusting the volume control on your radio to a safe
sound level before your hearing adapts to it.
To help avoid hearing loss or damage:
D Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting.
D Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably
and clearly.
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NOTICE:
Before you add any sound equipment to your
vehicle -- like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio -- be sure you can
add what you want. If you can, it’s very
important to do it properly. Added sound
equipment may interfere with the operation of
your vehicle’s engine, radio or other systems, and
even damage them. Your vehicle’s systems may
also interfere with the operation of sound
equipment that has been added improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment, check with
your dealer and be sure to check Federal rules
covering mobile radio and telephone units.
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
A tape player that is not cleaned regularly can cause
reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes or a damaged
mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored in their
cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight and
extreme heat. If they aren’t, they may not operate
properly or may cause failure of the tape player.
Your tape player should be cleaned regularly after every
50 hours of use. Your radio may display CLEAN TAPE
to indicate that you have used your tape player for
50 hours without resetting the tape clean timer. If this
message appears on the display, your cassette tape
player needs to be cleaned. It will still play tapes, but
you should clean it as soon as possible to prevent
damage to your tapes and player. If you notice a
reduction in sound quality, try a known good cassette to
see if it is the tape or the tape player at fault. If this other
cassette has no improvement in sound quality, clean the
tape player.
The recommended cleaning method for your cassette
tape player is the use of a scrubbing action,
non-abrasive cleaning cassette with pads which scrub
the tape head as the hubs of the cleaner cassette turn.
The recommended cleaning cassette is available through
your dealership (GM Part No. 12344789).
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When using a scrubbing action, non-abrasive cleaning
cassette, it is normal for the cassette to eject because
your unit is equipped with a cut tape detection feature
and a cleaning cassette may appear as a broken tape.
To prevent the cleaning cassette from being ejected,
use the following steps.
The use of a non-scrubbing action, dry-type cleaning
cassette is not recommended.
1. Turn the ignition to ON or ACC.
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality may
degrade over time. Always make sure the cassette tape
is in good condition before you have your tape
player serviced.
2. Turn the radio off.
3. Press and hold the SOURCE button for two seconds.
The tape symbol on the display will flash
three times.
4. Turn the radio on and insert the scrubbing action
cleaning cassette.
5. Eject the cleaning cassette after the manufacturer’s
recommended cleaning time.
When the cleaning cassette has been ejected, the cut tape
detection feature is active again.
You may also choose a non-scrubbing action, wet-type
cleaner which uses a cassette with a fabric belt to clean
the tape head. This type of cleaning cassette will not
eject on its own. A non-scrubbing action cleaner may
not clean as thoroughly as the scrubbing type cleaner.
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After you clean the player, press and hold the eject
button for three seconds to reset the CLEAN TAPE
indicator. The radio will display CLEAN TAPE MSG
CLEARED to show the indicator was reset.
Care of Your Compact Discs
Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original cases
or other protective cases and away from direct sunlight
and dust. If the surface of a disc is soiled, dampen a
clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution and
clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.
Be sure never to touch the signal surface when handling
discs. Pick up discs by grasping the outer edges or the
edge of the hole and the outer edge.
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Care of Your Compact Disc Player
The use of CD lens cleaner discs is not advised, due to
the risk of contaminating the lens of the CD optics with
lubricants internal to the CD mechanism.
Diversity Antenna System
Your AM-FM antennas are located in the front windshield
and rear window. Be sure that the inside surfaces of the front
windshield and rear window are not scratched and that the
lines on the glass are not damaged. If the inside surfaces are
damaged, they could interfere with radio reception.
If, when you turn on your rear window defogger, you
hear static on your radio station, it could mean that a
defogger grid line has been damaged. If this is true, the
grid line must be repaired.
If you choose to add an aftermarket cellular telephone to
your vehicle, and the antenna needs to be attached to the
glass, be sure that you do not damage the grid lines for
the AM-FM antennas or place the cellular telephone
antenna over the grid lines.
NOTICE:
Do not try to clear frost or other material from
the inside of the rear window with a razor blade
or anything else that is sharp. This may damage
the rear defogger grid and affect your radio’s
ability to pick up stations clearly. The repairs
wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
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NOTES
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CD Adapter Kits
Console-Mounted CD Changer (Option)
It is possible to use a CD adapter kit with your cassette
tape player after activating the bypass feature on your
tape player.
To activate the bypass feature, use the following steps:
1. Turn the ignition to ON or ACC.
2. Turn the radio off.
3. Press and hold the SOURCE button for two seconds.
The tape symbol on the display will flash three
times, indicating the feature is active.
4. Insert the adapter.
This override routine will remain active until the eject
button is pressed.
With the compact disc changer, you can play up to
six discs continuously. Normal size discs may be played
using the slots supplied in the magazine.
You must first load the magazine with discs before you
can play a compact disc. Load the CDs from bottom to
top, placing a disc in the magazine label side up. If you
load a disc label side down, the disc will not play and an
error will occur. Repeat this procedure for loading up to
six discs in the magazine.
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Once you have loaded the discs in the magazine, slide
open the door of the compact disc (CD) changer. Push
the magazine into the changer in the direction of the
arrow marked on top of the magazine.
Close the door by sliding it all the way forward. When
the CD magazine is loaded, the changer will begin
checking for discs in the magazine. This will continue
for up to one minute, depending on the number of
discs loaded.
To eject the magazine from the player, slide the
CD changer door all the way open, then press the
eject button. Remember to keep the door closed
whenever possible to keep dirt and dust from getting
inside the changer.
Whenever a CD magazine with discs is loaded in the
changer, the CD changer symbol will appear on the
radio display. If the CD changer is checking the
magazine for CDs, the CD symbol will flash on the
display until the changer is ready to play. When a
CD begins playing, a disc and track number will be
displayed. The disc numbers are listed on the front of
the magazine.
All of the CD functions are controlled by the radio
buttons, except for ejecting the CD magazine.
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PUSHBUTTONS: Press buttons one through six to
select compact discs one through six. These pushbuttons
represent the order of the discs loaded in the changer.
RW: Press and hold this button to reverse quickly
through a track selection.
FF: Press and hold this button to advance quickly
through a track selection.
TUNE-SEEK: When this button is pressed, it has
two positions. This button works the same, whether it is
pressed to the first or second position. Press this button
to seek to the next or previous selection on the
compact disc.
TRACK SCAN: When you press SCAN for less than
two seconds, you will hear the first few seconds of each
track on a disc. Press SCAN again to stop TRACK
SCAN. The CD will mute while scanning and SCAN
will appear on the display.
DISC SCAN: When you press SCAN for more than two
seconds, you will hear the first few seconds of the first
track on each disc. Press SCAN again to stop DISC
SCAN. The CD will mute while scanning and SCAN
will appear on the display.
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RDM: Press this button to hear the tracks in random,
rather than sequential, order. RANDOM will appear on
the display. Press TUNE-SEEK while RDM is on the
display to randomly seek through discs. Press RDM
again to turn off random play.
SIDE: Press this button to select the next disc in the
changer. Each time you press this button, DISC
LOADING will appear on the display and the disc
number on the radio display will go to that of the next
available CD.
Compact Disc Changer Errors
CD CHANGER ERROR could be displayed for
the following:
D The road is too rough. The disc should play when the
road is smoother.
D The disc is dirty, scratched, wet or loaded label
side down.
D The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
SOURCE: Press this button to select a source. The
audio source must be loaded to play. If none of the audio
sources are loaded, NO SOURCE LOADED will appear
on the display. Press this button again or press BAND to
switch back to the radio.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, please contact your dealer.
EJECT: Slide the CD changer door all the way
open. Press the upward triangle button. The CD
magazine will eject.
If DRIVER 1 (HOME or AWAY) PRESETS or
DRIVER 2 (HOME or AWAY) PRESETS appears in the
display when the radio is first turned on, your vehicle is
equipped with this feature.
Radio Personalization with Home and Away
Feature (If Equipped)
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With this feature, your vehicle will recall the latest radio
settings as adjusted the last time your vehicle was
operated. This feature allows two different drivers to
store and recall their own radio settings. The settings
recalled by the radio are determined by which Remote
Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter (“1” or “2”) was used
to enter the vehicle. The number on the back of the RKE
transmitter corresponds to driver 1 or to driver 2. The
radio settings will automatically adjust to where they
were last set by the identified driver. The settings can
also be recalled by briefly pressing the MEMORY seat
buttons 1 or 2 located on the driver’s door.
Your radio can store home and away presets. Home and
away presets allow you to use one set of preset radio
settings in the area where you live, and another set when
you go out of town. That way, you will not need to
reprogram your presets every time you travel. With the
radio off and the clock displayed, use FF and RW to
select home or away presets. To select the away presets,
press and hold FF for five counts until you hear a beep.
The next time the radio comes on, the away presets will
be active. To select the home presets, press and hold RW
for five counts until you hear a beep. The next time the
radio comes on, the home presets will be active.
3-40
When battery power is removed and later applied, you
will not have to reset your home radio presets because
the radio remembers them. However, you will have to
reset your away radio presets.
Theft-Deterrent Feature
THEFTLOCKR is designed to discourage theft of your
radio. Your vehicle has a “built-in” theft-deterrent
feature on each radio that is automatic -- there is no
programming required. The radio in your vehicle cannot
be used in any other vehicle. When the radio was
originally installed in your vehicle at the factory, it
stored the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). Each
time the ignition is turned on, the VIN is verified. If the
vehicle’s VIN does not match the VIN stored in the
radio, THEFTLOCK will be activated and the audio
system will not play. If the radio is removed from your
vehicle, the original VIN in the radio can be used to
trace the radio back to your vehicle.
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Audio Steering Wheel Controls
Some audio controls
can be adjusted at the
steering wheel. They
include the following:
VOL: Press the up arrow button to increase volume and
the down arrow button to decrease volume.
SEL: When listening to the radio, press the up or down
arrow button to tune to the next or previous preset radio
station. When listening to a cassette tape, the up or down
arrow button can be used to SEEK forward and rearward
through the tape. Pressing the up or down arrow button
when listening to a CD will cause the player to go to the
next or previous selection. When in Radio Data Systems
(RDS) Program Type (PTY) mode, the up or down
arrow button can be used to perform a PTY preset seek.
PSEEK will appear on the display while the PTY preset
seek is performed. The radio will seek all of the PTYs
stored in presets, except for the PTY Any.
Understanding Radio Reception
AM
The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially at night. The longer range, however, can
cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can pick
up noise from things like storms and power lines. Try
reducing the treble to reduce this noise if you ever get it.
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FM Stereo
FM stereo will give you the best sound, but FM signals
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). Tall
buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals, causing
the sound to come and go.
Weather Band (If Equipped)
Weather band is restricted to speech and the audio
quality is not as good as with the AM or FM bands.
Depending on location, the radio should receive one or
two channels.
Tips About Your Audio System
Hearing damage from loud noise is almost undetectable
until it is too late. Your hearing can adapt to higher
volumes of sound. Sound that seems normal can be loud
and harmful to your hearing. Take precautions by
adjusting the volume control on your radio to a safe
sound level before your hearing adapts to it.
To help avoid hearing loss or damage:
D Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting.
D Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably
and clearly.
3-42
NOTICE:
Before you add any sound equipment to your
vehicle -- like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio -- be sure you can
add what you want. If you can, it’s very
important to do it properly. Added sound
equipment may interfere with the operation of
your vehicle’s engine, radio or other systems, and
even damage them. Your vehicle’s systems may
also interfere with the operation of sound
equipment that has been added improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment, check with
your dealer and be sure to check Federal rules
covering mobile radio and telephone units.
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Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
A tape player that is not cleaned regularly can cause
reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes or a damaged
mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored in their
cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight and
extreme heat. If they aren’t, they may not operate
properly or may cause failure of the tape player.
When using a scrubbing action, non-abrasive cleaning
cassette, it is normal for the cassette to eject because
your unit is equipped with a cut tape detection feature
and a cleaning cassette may appear as a broken tape.
To prevent the cleaning cassette from being ejected,
use the following steps.
1. Turn the ignition to ON or ACC.
Your tape player should be cleaned regularly after every
50 hours of use. Your radio may display CLEAN TAPE
to indicate that you have used your tape player for
50 hours without resetting the tape clean timer. If this
message appears on the display, your cassette tape
player needs to be cleaned. It will still play tapes, but
you should clean it as soon as possible to prevent
damage to your tapes and player. If you notice a
reduction in sound quality, try a known good cassette to
see if it is the tape or the tape player at fault. If this other
cassette has no improvement in sound quality, clean the
tape player.
2. Turn the radio off.
The recommended cleaning method for your cassette
tape player is the use of a scrubbing action,
non-abrasive cleaning cassette with pads which scrub
the tape head as the hubs of the cleaner cassette turn.
The recommended cleaning cassette is available through
your dealership (GM Part No. 12344789).
You may also choose a non-scrubbing action, wet-type
cleaner which uses a cassette with a fabric belt to clean
the tape head. This type of cleaning cassette will not
eject on its own. A non-scrubbing action cleaner may
not clean as thoroughly as the scrubbing type cleaner.
3. Press and hold the SOURCE button for two seconds.
The tape symbol on the display will flash
three times.
4. Turn the radio on and insert the scrubbing action
cleaning cassette.
5. Eject the cleaning cassette after the manufacturer’s
recommended cleaning time.
When the cleaning cassette has been ejected, the cut tape
detection feature is active again.
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The use of a non-scrubbing action, dry-type cleaning
cassette is not recommended.
Diversity Antenna System
Your AM-FM antennas are located in the front windshield
After you clean the player, press and hold the eject
button for three seconds to reset the CLEAN TAPE
indicator. The radio will display CLEAN TAPE MSG
CLEARED to show the indicator was reset.
and rear window. Be sure that the inside surfaces of the front
windshield and rear window are not scratched and that the
lines on the glass are not damaged. If the inside surfaces are
damaged, they could interfere with radio reception.
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality may
degrade over time. Always make sure the cassette tape
is in good condition before you have your tape
player serviced.
Care of Your Compact Discs
Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original cases
or other protective cases and away from direct sunlight
and dust. If the surface of a disc is soiled, dampen a
clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution and
clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.
NOTICE:
Do not try to clear frost or other material from
the inside of the rear window with a razor blade
or anything else that is sharp. This may damage
the rear defogger grid and affect your radio’s
ability to pick up stations clearly. The repairs
wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
Be sure never to touch the signal surface when handling
discs. Pick up discs by grasping the outer edges or the
edge of the hole and the outer edge.
If, when you turn on your rear window defogger, you
hear static on your radio station, it could mean that a
defogger grid line has been damaged. If this is true, the
grid line must be repaired.
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
If you choose to add an aftermarket cellular telephone to
your vehicle, and the antenna needs to be attached to the
glass, be sure that you do not damage the grid lines for
the AM-FM antennas or place the cellular telephone
antenna over the grid lines.
The use of CD lens cleaner discs is not advised, due to
the risk of contaminating the lens of the CD optics with
lubricants internal to the CD mechanism.
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NOTES
3-45
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3-46
NOTES
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Section 4 Your Driving and the Road
Here you’ll find information about driving on different kinds of roads and in varying weather conditions. We’ve also
included many other useful tips on driving.
4-2
4-3
4-6
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4-10
4-12
4-13
4-14
4-15
Defensive Driving
Drunken Driving
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
Steering
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
Loss of Control
Driving at Night
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4-21
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4-23
4-25
4-29
4-30
4-32
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
City Driving
Freeway Driving
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Winter Driving
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Loading Your Vehicle
Towing a Trailer
4-
4-1
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Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”
On city streets, rural roads or freeways, it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to be
careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they might
do. Be ready for their mistakes.
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable of
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough
following distance. It’s the best defensive driving
maneuver, in both city and rural driving. You never
know when the vehicle in front of you is going to brake
or turn suddenly.
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is:
Drive defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in your
vehicle: Buckle up. (See “Safety Belts” in the Index.)
4-2
Defensive driving requires that a driver concentrate on
the driving task. Anything that distracts from the
driving task -- such as concentrating on a cellular
telephone call, reading, or reaching for something on
the floor -- makes proper defensive driving more
difficult and can even cause a collision, with resulting
injury. Ask a passenger to help do things like this, or
pull off the road in a safe place to do them yourself.
These simple defensive driving techniques could save
your life.
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Drunken Driving
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is
a national tragedy. It’s the number one contributor to
the highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims
every year.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive
a vehicle:
D
D
D
D
Judgment
Muscular Coordination
Vision
Attentiveness.
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases,
these deaths are the result of someone who was drinking
and driving. In recent years, over 17,000 annual motor
vehicle-related deaths have been associated with the use
of alcohol, with more than 300,000 people injured.
Many adults -- by some estimates, nearly half the adult
population -- choose never to drink alcohol, so they
never drive after drinking. For persons under 21, it’s
against the law in every U.S. state to drink alcohol.
There are good medical, psychological and
developmental reasons for these laws.
The obvious way to solve the leading highway safety
problem is for people never to drink alcohol and then
drive. But what if people do? How much is “too much”
if the driver plans to drive? It’s a lot less than many
might think. Although it depends on each person and
situation, here is some general information on
the problem.
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone
who is drinking depends upon four things:
D The amount of alcohol consumed
D The drinker’s body weight
D The amount of food that is consumed before and
during drinking
D The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol.
According to the American Medical Association, a
180-lb. (82 kg) person who drinks three 12-ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a
BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce (120 ml) glasses
of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces
(45 ml) of a liquor like whiskey, gin or vodka.
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Since alcohol is carried in body water, this means that a
woman generally will reach a higher BAC level than a
man of her same body weight when each has the same
number of drinks.
The law in many U.S. states sets the legal limit at a BAC
of 0.10 percent. In a growing number of U.S. states, and
throughout Canada, the limit is 0.08 percent. In some
other countries, it’s even lower. The BAC limit for all
commercial drivers in the United States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to
six drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we’ve seen, it
depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks, and how
quickly the person drinks them.
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if
the same person drank three double martinis (3 ounces
or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the person’s
BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A person who
consumes food just before or during drinking will have a
somewhat lower BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally have
a lower relative percentage of body water than men.
4-4
But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of
0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills of
many people are impaired at a BAC approaching
0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night. All
drivers are impaired at BAC levels above 0.05 percent.
Statistics show that the chance of being in a collision
increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of
0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of
0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of having a
collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance of
this driver having a collision is 12 times greater; at a
level of 0.15 percent, the chance is 25 times greater!
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The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol
in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold
showers will speed that up. “I’ll be careful” isn’t the
right answer. What if there’s an emergency, a need to
take sudden action, as when a child darts into the street?
A person with even a moderate BAC might not be able
to react quickly enough to avoid the collision.
There’s something else about drinking and driving that
many people don’t know. Medical research shows that
alcohol in a person’s system can make crash injuries
worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cord or
heart. This means that when anyone who has been
drinking -- driver or passenger -- is in a crash, that
person’s chance of being killed or permanently disabled
is higher than if the person had not been drinking.
CAUTION:
Drinking and then driving is very dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness and
judgment can be affected by even a small amount
of alcohol. You can have a serious -- or even
fatal -- collision if you drive after drinking.
Please don’t drink and drive or ride with a driver
who has been drinking. Ride home in a cab; or if
you’re with a group, designate a driver who will
not drink.
4-5
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Control of a Vehicle
Braking
You have three systems that make your vehicle go where
you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering and
the accelerator. All three systems have to do their work
at the places where the tires meet the road.
Braking action involves perception time and
reaction time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
That’s perception time. Then you have to bring up your
foot and do it. That’s reaction time.
Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second. But
that’s only an average. It might be less with one driver
and as long as two or three seconds or more with
another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination
and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs and
frustration. But even in 3/4 of a second, a vehicle
moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m).
That could be a lot of distance in an emergency, so
keeping enough space between your vehicle and others
is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
with the surface of the road (whether it’s pavement or
gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire
tread; the condition of your brakes; the weight of the
vehicle and the amount of brake force applied.
Sometimes, as when you’re driving on snow or ice, it’s
easy to ask more of those control systems than the tires
and road can provide. That means you can lose control
of your vehicle.
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Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive in
spurts -- heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking -- rather than keeping pace with traffic.
This is a mistake. Your brakes may not have time to
cool between hard stops. Your brakes will wear out
much faster if you do a lot of heavy braking. If you
keep pace with the traffic and allow realistic following
distances, you will eliminate a lot of unnecessary
braking. That means better braking and longer
brake life.
If there’s a problem with the
anti-lock brake system, this
warning light will stay on.
See “Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning Light” in
the Index.
If your engine ever stops while you’re driving, brake
normally but don’t pump your brakes. If you do, the pedal
may get harder to push down. If your engine stops, you will
still have some power brake assist. But you will use it when
you brake. Once the power assist is used up, it may take
longer to stop and the brake pedal will be harder to push.
Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS)
Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes (ABS). ABS is an
advanced electronic braking system that will help
prevent a braking skid.
When you start your engine and begin to drive away,
your anti-lock brake system will check itself. You may
hear a momentary motor or clicking noise while this test
is going on, and you may even notice that your brake
pedal moves a little. This is normal.
Here’s how anti-lock works. Let’s say the road is wet.
You’re driving safely. Suddenly an animal jumps out in
front of you.
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You slam on the brakes. Here’s what happens with ABS.
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If one
of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer will
separately work the brakes at each front wheel and at
both rear wheels.
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure faster
than any driver could. The computer is programmed to
make the most of available tire and road conditions.
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on
wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.
Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t change the time you need
to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always decrease
stopping distance. If you get too close to the vehicle in
front of you, you won’t have time to apply your brakes
if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops. Always leave
enough room up ahead to stop, even though you have
anti-lock brakes.
Using Anti-Lock
Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down
firmly and let anti-lock work for you. You may hear the
anti-lock pump or motor operate, and feel the brake
pedal pulsate, but this is normal.
Traction Control System
Your vehicle has a traction control system that limits
wheel spin. This is especially useful in slippery road
conditions. The system operates only if it senses that
one or both of the front wheels are spinning or
beginning to lose traction. When this happens, the
system works the front brakes and reduces engine
power to limit wheel spin.
You can steer around the obstacle while braking hard.
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The TRACTION ENGAGED message will display on
the Driver Information Center when the traction control
system is limiting wheel spin. See “Driver Information
Center Messages” in the Index. You may feel or hear the
system working, but this is normal.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction control
system begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise control will
automatically disengage. When road conditions allow you to
safely use it again, you may reengage the cruise control. (See
“Cruise Control” in the Index.)
United States
The traction control system automatically comes on
whenever you start your vehicle. To limit wheel spin,
especially in slippery road conditions, you should
always leave the system on. But you can turn the
traction control system off if you ever need to. (You
should turn the system off if your vehicle ever gets stuck
in sand, mud, ice or snow. See “Rocking Your Vehicle”
in the Index.)
To turn the system off,
press the TRAC ON/OFF
button located on the
center console.
Canada
This warning light will come on to let you know if
there’s a problem with your traction control system.
See “Traction Control System Warning Light” in the
Index. When this warning light is on, the system will not
limit wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
The TRACTION OFF message will display on the
Driver Information Center. If the system is limiting
wheel spin when you press the button, the TRACTION
OFF message will display -- but the system won’t turn
off right away. It will wait until there’s no longer a
current need to limit wheel spin.
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You can turn the system back on at any time by pressing
the button again. The TRACTION READY message
should display briefly on the Driver Information Center.
Steering Tips
Braking in Emergencies
With anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the same
It’s important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more
than even the very best braking.
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer but
it will take much more effort.
MagnasteerR
Your vehicle may be equipped with GM Magnasteer, a
system that continuously adjusts the effort you feel
when steering at all vehicle speeds. It provides ease
when parking yet a firm, solid feel at highway speeds.
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Driving on Curves
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on
the news happen on curves. Here’s why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject to
the same laws of physics when driving on curves. The
traction of the tires against the road surface makes it
possible for the vehicle to change its path when you turn
the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertia will keep
the vehicle going in the same direction. If you’ve ever
tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you’ll understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve depends on the
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle
at which the curve is banked, and your speed.
While you’re in a curve, speed is the one factor you
can control.
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Suppose you’re steering through a sharp curve.
Then you suddenly accelerate. Both control
systems -- steering and acceleration -- have to do
their work where the tires meet the road. Adding the
sudden acceleration can demand too much of those
places. You can lose control. Refer to “Traction
Control System” in the Index.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on the
accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you want it
to go, and slow down.
Since your vehicle is equipped with StabilitrakR, you
may see the STABILITY SYS ENGAGED message on
the Driver Information Center. See “Stability Sys
Engaged Message” in the Index.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds are
based on good weather and road conditions. Under less
favorable conditions you’ll want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach a
curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front
wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through
the curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait
to accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
To help you steer in the direction you want to go, during
certain sharp or sudden cornering maneuvers, gear
selection is controlled. This will maximize the available
drive wheel torque and minimize the transaxle response
time and shift activity. During this kind of maneuver, the
transaxle shifts automatically as vehicle speed changes.
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come over a hill and
find a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls
out from nowhere, or a child darts out from between
parked cars and stops right in front of you. You can
avoid these problems by braking -- if you can stop in
time. But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t room.
That’s the time for evasive action -- steering around
the problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies
like these. First apply your brakes. (See “Braking in
Emergencies” earlier in this section.) It is better to
remove as much speed as you can from a possible
collision. Then steer around the problem, to the left
or right depending on the space available.
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Off-Road Recovery
You may find that your right wheels have dropped off the
edge of a road onto the shoulder while you’re driving.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you can
turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But you have to act fast, steer quickly, and
just as quickly straighten the wheel once you have
avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving at
all times and wear safety belts properly.
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If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way, steer
so that your vehicle straddles the edge of the pavement.
You can turn the steering wheel up to one-quarter turn
until the right front tire contacts the pavement edge.
Then turn your steering wheel to go straight down
the roadway.
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Passing
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then goes
back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger can
suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents -- the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
D “Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides and to
crossroads for situations that might affect your passing
patterns. If you have any doubt whatsoever about
making a successful pass, wait for a better time.
D Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and lines.
If you can see a sign up ahead that might indicate a
turn or an intersection, delay your pass. A broken
center line usually indicates it’s all right to pass
(providing the road ahead is clear). Never cross a solid
line on your side of the lane or a double solid line,
even if the road seems empty of approaching traffic.
D Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to
pass while you’re awaiting an opportunity. For one
thing, following too closely reduces your area of
vision, especially if you’re following a larger
vehicle. Also, you won’t have adequate space if
the vehicle ahead suddenly slows or stops. Keep
back a reasonable distance.
D When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and don’t
get too close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move into the
other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will have a
“running start” that more than makes up for the
distance you would lose by dropping back. And if
something happens to cause you to cancel your pass,
you need only slow down and drop back again and
wait for another opportunity.
D If other cars are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait
your turn. But take care that someone isn’t trying to
pass you as you pull out to pass the slow vehicle.
Remember to glance over your shoulder and check
the blind spot.
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D Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and
start your left lane change signal before moving out
of the right lane to pass. When you are far enough
ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front in your
inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal
and move back into the right lane. (Remember that
your right outside mirror is convex. The vehicle you
just passed may seem to be farther away from you
than it really is.)
D Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time
on two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the
next vehicle.
D Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it may
be slowing down or starting to turn.
D If you’re being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps you
can ease a little to the right.
Loss of Control
Let’s review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems (brakes, steering
and acceleration) don’t have enough friction where the
tires meet the road to do what the driver has asked.
In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep trying to steer and
constantly seek an escape route or area of less danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable
care suited to existing conditions, and by not “overdriving”
those conditions. But skids are always possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle’s
three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels
aren’t rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too
much speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip and
lose cornering force. And in the acceleration skid, too
much throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
A cornering skid is best handled by easing your foot off
the accelerator pedal.
Remember: Any traction control system helps avoid
only the acceleration skid.
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If your traction control system is off, then an
acceleration skid is also best handled by easing your
foot off the accelerator pedal.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want the
vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough, your
vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready for a
second skid if it occurs.
Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (ABS) helps
avoid only the braking skid.
Driving at Night
With StabilitrakR, you may see the STABILITY SYS
ENGAGED message on the Driver Information Center.
See “Stability Sys Engaged Message” in the Index.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel or other material is on the road. For safety, you’ll
want to slow down and adjust your driving to these
conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration or
braking (including engine braking by shifting to a lower
gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires to slide.
You may not realize the surface is slippery until your
vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning
clues -- such as enough water, ice or packed snow on
the road to make a “mirrored surface” -- and slow
down when you have any doubt.
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving.
One reason is that some drivers are likely to be
impaired -- by alcohol or drugs, with night vision
problems, or by fatigue.
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Here are some tips on night driving.
D Drive defensively.
D Don’t drink and drive.
D Since you can’t see as well, you may need to
slow down and keep more space between you and
other vehicles.
D Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your
headlamps can light up only so much road ahead.
D In remote areas, watch for animals.
D If you’re tired, pull off the road in a safe place
and rest.
Night Vision
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But as
we get older these differences increase. A 50-year-old
driver may require at least twice as much light to see the
same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your night
vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes will
have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you’re
driving, don’t wear sunglasses at night. They may cut
down on glare from headlamps, but they also make a lot
of things invisible.
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You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even several
seconds, for your eyes to readjust to the dark. When
you are faced with severe glare (as from a driver who
doesn’t lower the high beams, or a vehicle with
misaimed headlamps), slow down a little. Avoid staring
directly into the approaching headlamps.
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean -- inside and out. Glare at night is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlamps light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep your
eyes moving; that way, it’s easier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes
be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from night
blindness -- the inability to see in dim light -- and
aren’t even aware of it.
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Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
And, if your tires don’t have much tread left, you’ll get
even less traction. It’s always wise to go slower and be
cautious if rain starts to fall while you are driving. The
surface may get wet suddenly when your reflexes are
tuned for driving on dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your
windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy rain
can make it harder to see road signs and traffic signals,
pavement markings, the edge of the road and even
people walking.
It’s wise to keep your windshield wiping equipment in
good shape and keep your windshield washer tank filled
with washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper
inserts when they show signs of streaking or missing
areas on the windshield, or when strips of rubber start to
separate from the inserts.
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet
road, you can’t stop, accelerate or turn as well because
your tire-to-road traction isn’t as good as on dry roads.
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CAUTION:
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They won’t work
as well in a quick stop and may cause pulling to
one side. You could lose control of the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle of water or
a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly until
your brakes work normally.
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems, too.
The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid puddles.
But if you can’t, try to slow down before you hit them.
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Hydroplaning
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tires that they can actually ride on the water.
This can happen if the road is wet enough and you’re
going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning,
it has little or no contact with the road.
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But it can if your
tires do not have much tread or if the pressure in one or
more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is standing on
the road. If you can see reflections from trees, telephone
poles or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the
water’s surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There
just isn’t a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning. The
best advice is to slow down when it is raining.
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
NOTICE:
If you drive too quickly through deep puddles or
standing water, water can come in through your
engine’s air intake and badly damage your
engine. Never drive through water that is slightly
lower than the underbody of your vehicle. If you
can’t avoid deep puddles or standing water, drive
through them very slowly.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
D Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you pass
another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room
ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted
by road spray.
D Have good tires with proper tread depth.
(See “Tires” in the Index.)
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City Driving
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
D Know the best way to get to where you are going.
Get a city map and plan your trip into an unknown
part of the city just as you would for a
cross-country trip.
D Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross most
large cities. You’ll save time and energy. (See the
next part, “Freeway Driving.”)
D Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic light
is there because the corner is busy enough to need it.
When a light turns green, and just before you start to
move, check both ways for vehicles that have not
cleared the intersection or may be running the
red light.
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You’ll want to watch out for
what the other drivers are doing and pay attention to
traffic signals.
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Freeway Driving
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads to the
freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you
drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to
check traffic. Try to determine where you expect to
blend with the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close to
the prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal, check
your mirrors and glance over your shoulder as often as
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the
posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it’s slower. Stay
in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make sure there isn’t another vehicle in
your “blind” spot.
Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways,
expressways, turnpikes or superhighways) are the safest
of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep
up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the same
speed most of the other drivers are driving. Too-fast or
too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat the
left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to move
slightly slower at night.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the
proper lane well in advance. If you miss your exit, do
not, under any circumstances, stop and back up. Drive
on to the next exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
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The exit speed is usually posted.
Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not
to your sense of motion. After driving for any distance
at higher speeds, you may tend to think you are going
slower than you actually are.
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Make sure you’re ready. Try to be well rested. If you
must start when you’re not fresh -- such as after a day’s
work -- don’t plan to make too many miles that first part
of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing and shoes you
can easily drive in.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it’s ready to go. If it needs
service, have it done before starting out. Of course,
you’ll find experienced and able service experts in
Cadillac dealerships all across North America. They’ll
be ready and willing to help if you need it.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
D Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full? Are
all windows clean inside and outside?
D Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
D Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
all levels?
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D Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
D Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to the
recommended pressure?
D Weather Forecasts: What’s the weather outlook
along your route? Should you delay your trip a short
time to avoid a major storm system?
D Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
Highway Hypnosis
Is there actually such a condition as “highway hypnosis”?
Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel? Call it
highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road with
the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on the
road, the drone of the engine, and the rush of the wind
against the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Don’t let it
happen to you! If it does, your vehicle can leave the
road in less than a second, and you could crash and
be injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be
aware that it can happen.
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Then here are some tips:
D Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a
Hill and Mountain Roads
comfortably cool interior.
D Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and to
the sides. Check your rearview mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
D If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest, service
or parking area and take a nap, get some exercise, or
both. For safety, treat drowsiness on the highway as
an emergency.
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
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If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you’re
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable.
D Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system
and transaxle. These parts can work hard on
mountain roads.
D Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of the
slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you go
down a steep or long hill.
CAUTION:
If you don’t shift down, your brakes could get
so hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would
then have poor braking or even none going down
a hill. You could crash. Shift down to let your
engine assist your brakes on a steep
downhill slope.
CAUTION:
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have to
do all the work of slowing down. They could get so
hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would then
have poor braking or even none going down a hill.
You could crash. Always have your engine running
and your vehicle in gear when you go downhill.
D Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift down
to a lower gear. The lower gears help you climb the
hill better.
D Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Don’t swing wide or cut
across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let
you stay in your own lane.
D As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There could be
something in your lane, like a stalled car or an accident.
D You may see highway signs on mountains that warn of
special problems. Examples are long grades, passing or
no-passing zones, a falling rocks area or winding
roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate action.
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Winter Driving
Here are some tips for winter driving:
D Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
D You may want to put winter emergency supplies in
your trunk.
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a supply
of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer
clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red cloth and a
couple of reflective warning triangles. And, if you will
be driving under severe conditions, include a small bag
of sand, a piece of old carpet or a couple of burlap bags
to help provide traction. Be sure you properly secure
these items in your vehicle.
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Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet the
road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and
the road, you can have a very slippery situation. You’ll
have a lot less traction or “grip” and will need to be
very careful.
What’s the worst time for this? “Wet ice.” Very cold
snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet
ice can be even more trouble because it may offer the
least traction of all. You can get wet ice when it’s about
freezing (32_F; 0_C) and freezing rain begins to fall.
Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand crews
can get there.
Whatever the condition -- smooth ice, packed, blowing
or loose snow -- drive with caution.
Keep your traction control system on. It improves
your ability to accelerate when driving on a slippery
road. Even though your vehicle has a traction control
system, you’ll want to slow down and adjust your
driving to the road conditions. See “Traction Control
System” in the Index.
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Your anti-lock brakes improve your vehicle’s stability
when you make a hard stop on a slippery road. Even
though you have the anti-lock braking system, you’ll
want to begin stopping sooner than you would on dry
pavement. See “Anti-Lock” in the Index.
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
D Allow greater following distance on any
slippery road.
D Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine
until you hit a spot that’s covered with ice. On an
otherwise clear road, ice patches may appear in
shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around
clumps of trees, behind buildings or under bridges.
Sometimes the surface of a curve or an overpass may
remain icy when the surrounding roads are clear. If
you see a patch of ice ahead of you, brake before you
are on it. Try not to brake while you’re actually on
the ice, and avoid sudden steering maneuvers.
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a
serious situation. You should probably stay with your
vehicle unless you know for sure that you are near help
and you can hike through the snow. Here are some
things to do to summon help and keep yourself and
your passengers safe:
D Turn on your hazard flashers.
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D Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that
you’ve been stopped by the snow.
D Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you.
If you have no blankets or extra clothing, make body
insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags, floor
mats -- anything you can wrap around yourself or
tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.
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CAUTION:
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your vehicle.
This can cause deadly CO (carbon monoxide) gas
to get inside. CO could overcome you and kill
you. You can’t see it or smell it, so you might not
know it is in your vehicle. Clear away snow from
around the base of your vehicle, especially any
that is blocking your exhaust pipe. And check
around again from time to time to be sure snow
doesn’t collect there.
Open a window just a little on the side of the
vehicle that’s away from the wind. This will help
keep CO out.
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Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little faster
than just idle. That is, push the accelerator slightly. This
uses less fuel for the heat that you get and it keeps the
battery charged. You will need a well-charged battery to
restart the vehicle, and possibly for signaling later on
with your headlamps. Let the heater run for a while.
Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost
all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine again
and repeat this only when you feel really uncomfortable
from the cold. But do it as little as possible. Preserve the
fuel as long as you can. To help keep warm, you can get
out of the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises
every half hour or so until help comes.
Recreational Vehicle Towing
To tow your vehicle, follow these steps:
Your vehicle was not designed to be towed with all four
wheels on the ground. If your vehicle must be towed,
see “Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index.
1. Put the front wheels on a dolly.
NOTICE:
Towing your vehicle with all four wheels on the
ground will damage drivetrain components.
2. Put the vehicle in PARK (P).
3. Set the parking brake and then remove the key.
4. Clamp the steering wheel in a straight-ahead position
with a clamping device designed for towing.
5. Release the parking brake.
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Loading Your Vehicle
Two labels on your vehicle show how much weight it
may properly carry. The Tire-Loading Information label
found on the rear edge of the driver’s door tells you the
proper size, speed rating and recommended inflation
pressures for the tires on your vehicle. It also gives you
important information about the number of people that
can be in your vehicle and the total weight that you can
carry. This weight is called the Vehicle Capacity Weight
and includes the weight of all occupants, cargo and all
options not installed in the factory.
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The other label is the Certification label, found on the
rear edge of the driver’s door. It tells you the gross
weight capacity of your vehicle, called the Gross
Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR). The GVWR includes
the weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel and cargo.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle, or the Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for either the front or
rear axle.
If you do have a heavy load, you should spread it out.
Don’t carry more than 176 lbs. (80 kg) in your trunk.
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CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear
GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle can
break, and it can change the way your vehicle
handles. These could cause you to lose control
and crash. Also, overloading can shorten the life
of your vehicle.
NOTICE:
Your warranty does not cover parts or
components that fail because of overloading.
If you put things inside your vehicle -- like suitcases,
tools, packages, or anything else -- they will go as fast
as the vehicle goes. If you have to stop or turn quickly,
or if there is a crash, they’ll keep going.
CAUTION:
Things you put inside your vehicle can strike
and injure people in a sudden stop or turn, or
in a crash.
D Put things in the trunk of your vehicle. In a
trunk, put them as far forward as you can.
Try to spread the weight evenly.
D Never stack heavier things, like suitcases,
inside the vehicle so that some of them are
above the tops of the seats.
D Don’t leave an unsecured child restraint in
your vehicle.
D When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
Electronic Level Control
This feature keeps the rear of your vehicle level as the
load changes. It’s automatic -- you don’t need to adjust
anything.
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Towing a Trailer
CAUTION:
If you don’t use the correct equipment and drive
properly, you can lose control when you pull a
trailer. For example, if the trailer is too heavy,
the brakes may not work well -- or even at all.
You and your passengers could be seriously
injured. You may also damage your vehicle; the
resulting repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Pull a trailer only if you have followed
all the steps in this section. Ask your dealer for
advice and information about towing a trailer
with your vehicle.
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Your vehicle can tow a trailer if it is equipped with the
proper trailer towing equipment. To identify what the
vehicle trailering capacity is for your vehicle, you
should read the information in “Weight of the Trailer”
that appears later in this section. But trailering is
different than just driving your vehicle by itself.
Trailering means changes in handling, durability and
fuel economy. Successful, safe trailering takes correct
equipment, and it has to be used properly.
That’s the reason for this part. In it are many
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety rules.
Many of these are important for your safety and that of
your passengers. So please read this section carefully
before you pull a trailer.
Load-pulling components such as the engine, transaxle,
wheel assemblies and tires are forced to work harder
against the drag of the added weight. The engine is
required to operate at relatively higher speeds and under
greater loads, generating extra heat. What’s more, the
trailer adds considerably to wind resistance, increasing
the pulling requirements.
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If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
D There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal, not only where you live but
also where you’ll be driving. A good source for this
information can be state or provincial police.
D Consider using a sway control if your trailer will
weigh 2,000 lbs. (900 kg) or less. You should always
use a sway control if your trailer will weigh more
than 2,000 lbs. (900 kg). You can ask a hitch dealer
about sway controls.
D Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first 1,000 miles
(1 600 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your engine,
axle or other parts could be damaged.
D Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that you
tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph (80 km/h) and
don’t make starts at full throttle. This helps your
engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in at the
heavier loads.
D Obey speed limit restrictions when towing a trailer.
Don’t drive faster than the maximum posted speed
for trailers (or no more than 55 mph (90 km/h)) to
save wear on your vehicle’s parts.
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
D the weight of the trailer,
D the weight of the trailer tongue
D and the total weight on your vehicle’s tires.
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It should never weigh more than 3,790 lbs. (1 709 kg)
total, including the load. But even that can be too heavy.
If you tow more than 1,000 lbs. (450 kg), use trailer
brakes. Be sure to follow the instructions that come with
the trailer or from the brake manufacturer.
The maximum trailer weight for your vehicle can be
determined from the Gross Combined Vehicle Weight
(GCVW). The GCVW = curb weight + passenger’s
weight + cargo weight + trailer weight. The GCVW
should never be more than 8,100 lbs. (3 677 kg)
total loaded vehicle and trailer.
It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For
example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
temperature and how much your vehicle is used to pull a
trailer are all important. And, it can also depend on any
special equipment that you have on your vehicle.
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You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or
advice, or you can write us at:
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 436004
Pontiac, MI 48343-6004
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important
weight to measure because it affects the total or gross
weight of your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle Weight
(GVW) includes the curb weight of the vehicle, any
cargo you may carry in it, and the people who will be
riding in the vehicle. And if you tow a trailer, you must
add the tongue load to the GVW because your vehicle
will be carrying that weight, too. See “Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Index for more information about your
vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
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If you’re using a weight-carrying hitch, the trailer
tongue (A) should weigh 10 percent of the total loaded
trailer weight (B). If you have a weight-distributing
hitch, the trailer tongue (A) should weigh 12 percent of
the total loaded trailer weight (B).
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue, separately, to see if the weights are
proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them right
simply by moving some items around in the trailer.
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Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the upper
limit for cold tires. You’ll find these numbers on the
Tire-Loading Information label at the rear edge of
the driver’s door or see “Loading Your Vehicle” in
the Index. Then be sure you don’t go over the GVW
limit for your vehicle, including the weight of the
trailer tongue.
Hitches
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough roads
are a few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch. Here
are some rules to follow:
D The rear bumper on your vehicle is not intended for
hitches. Do not attach rental hitches or other
bumper-type hitches to it. Use only a frame-mounted
hitch that does not attach to the bumper.
D Will you have to make any holes in the body of your
vehicle when you install a trailer hitch? If you do,
then be sure to seal the holes later when you remove
the hitch. If you don’t seal them, deadly carbon
monoxide (CO) from your exhaust can get into your
vehicle (see “Carbon Monoxide” in the Index). Dirt
and water can, too.
Safety Chains
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the tongue
of the trailer so that the tongue will not drop to the road
if it becomes separated from the hitch. Instructions
about safety chains may be provided by the hitch
manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer. Follow the
manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching safety
chains and do not attach them to the bumper. Always
leave just enough slack so you can turn with your rig.
And, never allow safety chains to drag on the ground.
D If you’ll be pulling a trailer that, when loaded, will
weigh more than 2,000 lbs. (900 kg), be sure to use a
properly mounted, weight-distributing hitch and
sway control of the proper size. This equipment is
very important for proper vehicle loading and good
handling when you’re driving.
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Trailer Brakes
Because you have anti-lock brakes, don’t try to tap into
your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system. If you do, both
brake systems won’t work well, or at all. If you tow
more than 1,000 lbs. (450 kg), use trailer brakes. Be sure
to follow the instructions that come with the trailer or
from the brake manufacturer.
Be sure to read and follow the instructions for the trailer
brakes so you’ll be able to install, adjust and maintain
them properly.
Driving with a Trailer
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting out for the open road, you’ll want to get
to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel of
handling and braking with the added weight of the
trailer. And always keep in mind that the vehicle you are
driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
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Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform
(and attachments), safety chains, electrical connector,
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has
electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and
then apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be sure
the brakes are working. This lets you check your
electrical connection at the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the
load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer brakes
are still working.
Following Distance
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as you
would when driving your vehicle without a trailer. This
can help you avoid situations that require heavy braking
and sudden turns.
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Passing
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good deal
longer, you’ll need to go much farther beyond the
passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that hand
to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move your
hand to the right. Always back up slowly and, if
possible, have someone guide you.
Making Turns
NOTICE:
Making very sharp turns while trailering could
cause the trailer to come in contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider
turns than normal. Do this so your trailer won’t
strike soft shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees or other
objects. Avoid jerky or sudden maneuvers. Signal
well in advance.
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle may need a
different turn signal flasher and/or extra wiring. Check
with your dealer. The arrows on your instrument panel
will flash whenever you signal a turn or lane change.
Properly hooked up, the trailer lamps will also flash,
telling other drivers you’re about to turn, change lanes
or stop.
When towing a trailer, the arrows on your instrument
panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on the trailer
are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers behind you
are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s important
to check occasionally to be sure the trailer bulbs are
still working.
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Driving On Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start
down a long or steep downgrade. If you don’t shift
down, you might have to use your brakes so much that
they would get hot and no longer work well.
On long uphill grades, reduce speed to 45 to 50 mph
(70 to 90 km/h) and avoid prolonged use of
SECOND (2) gear and engine speeds above 3800 rpm.
Climbing grades steeper than four percent at
temperatures above 90_F (32_C) with a loaded vehicle
and trailer is not recommended. The cooling system
may temporarily overheat. See “Engine Overheating” in
the Index.
Parking on Hills
CAUTION:
You really should not park your vehicle, with a
trailer attached, on a hill. If something goes
wrong, your rig could start to move. People can
be injured, and both your vehicle and the trailer
can be damaged.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here’s
how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but do not shift into
PARK (P).
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the
regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then shift into
PARK (P) firmly and apply your parking brake.
5. Release the regular brakes.
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When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you:
D Start your engine;
D Shift into a gear; and
D Be sure the parking brake has released.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re
pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance Schedule booklet
for more on this. Things that are especially important in
trailer operation are automatic transaxle fluid (don’t
overfill), engine oil, drive belt, cooling system and brake
system. If you’re trailering, it’s a good idea to review
this information before you start your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts
are tight.
Engine Cooling When Trailer Towing
Your cooling system may temporarily overheat during
severe operating conditions. See “Engine Overheating”
in the Index.
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✍
4-40
NOTES
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✍
NOTES
4-41
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✍
4-42
NOTES
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Section 5 Problems on the Road
Here you’ll find what to do about some problems that can occur on the road.
5-2
5-3
5-3
5-8
5-8
Hazard Warning Flashers
Other Warning Devices
Jump Starting
Towing Your Vehicle
Engine Overheating
5-11
5-17
5-18
5-28
5-29
Cooling System
If a Tire Goes Flat
Changing a Flat Tire
Compact Spare Tire
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow
5-
5-1
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Hazard Warning Flashers
The hazard button is located
in the center of the
instrument panel. Press the
button in to make the front
and rear turn signal lamps
flash on and off.
This light in the center of
the button will flash,
indicating that the hazard
warning flashers are on.
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They
also let police know you have a problem. Your front and
rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off.
5-2
The hazard warning flashers will work once the button
is pushed in regardless of the key position.
Press the button again to turn the flashers off. When the
hazard warning flashers are on, the turn signals won’t
work since they are already flashing.
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Other Warning Devices
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at
the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind
your vehicle.
Jump Starting
If your battery has run down, you may want to use
another vehicle and some jumper cables to start your
vehicle. Please follow the steps below to do it safely.
CAUTION:
Batteries can hurt you. They can be
dangerous because:
D They contain acid that can burn you.
D They contain gas that can explode or ignite.
D They contain enough electricity to
burn you.
If you don’t follow these steps exactly, some or all
of these things can hurt you.
NOTICE:
Ignoring these steps could result in costly damage
to your vehicle that wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
The ACDelco FreedomR battery in your vehicle
has a built-in hydrometer. Do not charge, test or
jump start the battery if the hydrometer looks
clear or light yellow. Replace the battery when
there is a clear or light yellow hydrometer and a
cranking complaint.
Trying to start your vehicle by pushing or pulling
it won’t work, and it could damage your vehicle.
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
NOTICE:
If the other system isn’t a 12-volt system with a
negative ground, both vehicles can be damaged.
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2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles aren’t touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able to
start your vehicle and the bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette
lighter. Turn off all lamps that aren’t needed as well
as radios. This will avoid sparks and help save both
batteries. In addition, it could save your radio!
4. Open the hoods and locate the battery on the other
vehicle and the remote positive (+) terminal, located
on the passenger’s side of the engine, on your
vehicle. (You will not see the battery under the hood
of your vehicle, since it is located under the rear seat
on the passenger’s side.) Find the positive (+) and
negative (-) terminals on the battery in the
other vehicle.
You do not need to access your battery for jump
starting. The remote positive (+) terminal is for
this purpose.
5-4
CAUTION:
An electric fan can start up even when the engine
is not running and can injure you. Keep hands,
clothing and tools away from any underhood
electric fan.
5. Start by lifting and
moving the red
positive (+) remote
terminal away
cover from the
relay center.
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CAUTION:
Using a match near a battery can cause battery
gas to explode. People have been hurt doing this,
and some have been blinded. Use a flashlight if
you need more light.
Be sure the battery has enough water. You don’t
need to add water to the ACDelco FreedomR
battery installed in every new GM vehicle. But if
a battery has filler caps, be sure the right amount
of fluid is there. If it is low, add water to take care
of that first. If you don’t, explosive gas could
be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn you.
Don’t get it on you. If you accidentally get it in
your eyes or on your skin, flush the place with
water and get medical help immediately.
6. Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose or
missing insulation. If they do, you could get a shock.
The vehicles could also be damaged.
Before you connect the cables, here are some basic
things you should know. Positive (+) will go to
positive (+) and negative (-) will go to an unpainted
metal engine part. Don’t connect positive (+) to
negative (-) or you will get a short that would
damage the battery and maybe other parts, too. Also,
don’t connect the negative (-) cable to the
negative (-) terminal on the dead battery.
CAUTION:
Fans or other moving engine parts can injure you
badly. Keep your hands away from moving parts
once the engine is running.
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8. Don’t let the other end
of the positive (+) cable
touch metal. Connect it
to the positive (+)
terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one.
7. Connect the red positive (+) cable to the remote
positive (+) terminal of the vehicle with the
dead battery.
5-6
9. Now connect the black
negative (-) cable to
the good battery’s
negative (-) terminal.
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Don’t let the other end of the negative (-) cable touch
anything until the next step. The other end of the
negative (-) cable doesn’t go to the dead battery. It goes
to the windshield washer bottle attaching stud on the
passenger’s upper strut tower. Don’t allow the red and
black handles on the jumper cable to touch each other.
13. Remove the cables in reverse order to prevent
electrical shorting. Take care that they don’t
touch each other or any other metal. Replace
the red positive (+) remote terminal cover to its
original position.
10. Attach the cable at
least 18 inches
(46 cm) away from
the dead battery, but
not near engine
parts that move. The
electrical connection
is just as good there,
but the chance of
sparks getting back
to the battery is
much less.
If the THEFT SYSTEM light flashes, wait until the light
stops flashing before starting the engine.
11. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run
the engine for awhile.
12. Try to start the vehicle with the dead battery.
If it won’t start after a few tries, it probably
needs service.
A. Remote Positive (+) Terminal
B. Good Battery
C. Windshield Washer Bottle Stud (not shown in
picture--located on the passenger’s side corner of the
engine compartment)
5-7
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Towing Your Vehicle
CAUTION:
To help avoid serious personal injury to you
or others:
D Never let passengers ride in a vehicle that is
being towed.
D Never tow faster than safe or posted speeds.
D Never tow with damaged parts not
fully secured.
D Never get under your vehicle after it has
been lifted by the tow truck.
D Always secure the vehicle on each side with
separate safety chains when towing it.
D Use only the correct hooks.
5-8
NOTICE:
Use the proper towing equipment to avoid
damage to the bumper, fascia or fog lamp areas
of the vehicle.
With current trends in automotive styles and design, it is
essential that the correct towing equipment is used to
tow a vehicle. Your vehicle can be towed with wheel-lift
or car-carrier equipment.
Consult your dealer or a professional towing service if
you need to have your vehicle towed. See “Roadside
Assistance” in the Index.
Engine Overheating
You will find an ENGINE COOLANT HOT, IDLE
ENGINE message or an ENGINE OVERHEATED,
STOP ENGINE message on the Driver Information
Center (DIC). There is also an engine temperature
warning light and/or gage on the instrument panel.
See “Engine Coolant Temperature Warning Light”
or “Engine Coolant Temperature Gage” in the Index.
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Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
Should an overheated engine condition exist and the
message ENGINE OVERHEATED, STOP ENGINE is
displayed, an overheat protection mode which alternates
firing groups of cylinders helps prevent engine damage.
In this mode, you will notice a loss in power and engine
performance. This operating mode allows your vehicle
to be driven to a safe place in an emergency; you may
drive up to 50 miles (80 km). Towing a trailer in the
overheat protection mode should be avoided.
NOTICE:
After driving in the overheated engine protection
operating mode, to avoid engine damage, allow
the engine to cool before attempting any repair.
The engine oil will be severely degraded. Repair
the cause of coolant loss, change the oil and reset
the oil life indicator. See “Engine Oil” in
the Index.
CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can burn you
badly, even if you just open the hood. Stay away
from the engine if you see or hear steam coming
CAUTION: (Continued)
5-9
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CAUTION: (Continued)
from it. Just turn it off and get everyone away
from the vehicle until it cools down. Wait until
there is no sign of steam or coolant before you
open the hood.
If you keep driving when your engine is
overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire. You or
others could be badly burned. Stop your engine if
it overheats, and get out of the vehicle until the
engine is cool.
If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
If you get an engine overheat warning but see or hear no
steam, the problem may not be too serious. Sometimes
the engine can get a little too hot when you:
D
D
D
D
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high-speed driving.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer.
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this for a minute or so:
1. Dial temperature control to the highest heat setting
and open the windows, as necessary.
NOTICE:
If your engine catches fire because you keep
driving with no coolant, your vehicle can be
badly damaged. The costly repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. See “Overheated
Engine Protection Operating Mode” in the Index.
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2. If you’re in a traffic jam, shift to NEUTRAL (N);
otherwise, shift to the highest gear while
driving -- AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE ( )
or DRIVE (D).
B
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If you no longer have the overheat warning, you can
drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about 10 minutes.
If the warning doesn’t come back on, you can
drive normally.
Cooling System
When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park your
vehicle right away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, idle the engine for three
minutes while you’re parked. If you still have the
warning, turn off the engine and get everyone out of the
vehicle until it cools down. Also, see “Overheated
Engine Protection Operating Mode” listed previously in
this section.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
A. Coolant Surge Tank with Pressure Cap
B. Electric Engine Cooling Fans
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CAUTION:
An electric engine cooling fan under the hood can
start up even when the engine is not running and
can injure you. Keep hands, clothing and tools
away from any underhood electric fan.
If the coolant inside the coolant surge tank is boiling,
don’t do anything else until it cools down.
A low coolant level should be indicated by a CHECK
COOLANT LEVEL message on the Driver Information
Center. If it is, you may have a leak in the radiator
hoses, heater hoses, radiator, water pump or somewhere
else in the cooling system.
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CAUTION:
Heater and radiator hoses, and other engine
parts, can be very hot. Don’t touch them. If you
do, you can be burned.
Don’t run the engine if there is a leak. If you run
the engine, it could lose all coolant. That could
cause an engine fire, and you could be burned.
Get any leak fixed before you drive the vehicle.
NOTICE:
Engine damage from running your engine
without coolant isn’t covered by your warranty.
See “Overheated Engine Protection Operating
Mode” in the Index.
NOTICE:
When adding coolant, it is important that you use
only DEX-COOLR (silicate-free) coolant.
If coolant other than DEX-COOL is added to the
system, premature engine, heater core or
radiator corrosion may result. In addition, the
engine coolant will require change sooner -- at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Damage caused by the use
of coolant other than DEX-COOLR is not
covered by your new vehicle warranty.
If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on, check to
see if the electric engine cooling fans are running. If the
engine is overheating, both fans should be running. If
they aren’t, your vehicle needs service.
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How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Surge Tank
If you haven’t found a problem yet, but the coolant level
isn’t at or above the fill mark at the forward edge of the
surge tank, add a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water
and DEX-COOLR coolant at the coolant surge tank, but
be sure the cooling system, including the coolant surge
tank pressure cap, is cool before you do it. (See “Engine
Coolant” in the Index for more information.)
CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot cooling
system can blow out and burn you badly. They are
under pressure, and if you turn the coolant surge
tank pressure cap -- even a little -- they can come
out at high speed. Never turn the cap when the
cooling system, including the coolant surge tank
pressure cap, is hot. Wait for the cooling system
and coolant surge tank pressure cap to cool if you
ever have to turn the pressure cap.
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CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid like alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’s coolant
warning system is set for the proper coolant
mixture. With plain water or the wrong mixture,
your engine could get too hot but you wouldn’t
get the overheat warning. Your engine could
catch fire and you or others could be burned. Use
a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOLR coolant.
NOTICE:
In cold weather, water can freeze and crack the
engine, radiator, heater core and other parts. So
use the recommended coolant.
CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
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1. You can remove the coolant surge tank pressure cap
when the cooling system, including the coolant surge
tank pressure cap and upper radiator hose, is no
longer hot. Turn the pressure cap slowly
counterclockwise (left) about one-quarter turn and
then stop.
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss means
there is still some pressure left.
2. Then keep turning the pressure cap slowly, and
remove it.
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3. Then fill the coolant surge tank with the proper
mixture, to or above the fill mark at the forward edge
of the surge tank.
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Start the engine and allow it to warm up. If the CHECK
COOLANT LEVEL message does not appear on the
Driver Information Center, coolant is at the proper fill
level. If a CHECK COOLANT LEVEL message does
appear, repeat Steps 1 to 3 and reinstall the pressure cap
or see your dealer.
If a Tire Goes Flat
4. With the coolant surge tank pressure cap off, start the
engine and let it run until you can feel the upper
radiator hose getting hot. Watch out for the engine
cooling fans.
By this time, the coolant level inside the coolant
surge tank may be lower. If the level is lower, add
more of the proper mixture to the coolant surge tank
until the level reaches at or above the fill mark at the
forward edge of the surge tank.
5. Then replace the pressure cap. Be sure the pressure
cap is hand-tight.
It’s unusual for a tire to “blow out” while you’re driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes
out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly.
But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here are a few
tips about what to expect and what to do:
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off the
accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake to
a stop well out of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like a
skid and may require the same correction you’d use in a
skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from the
accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may be
very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently
brake to a stop -- well off the road if possible.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use your
jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.
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Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on your hazard
warning flashers.
CAUTION:
Changing a tire can cause an injury. The vehicle
can slip off the jack and roll over you or other
people. You and they could be badly injured.
Find a level place to change your tire. To help
prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Put the shift lever in PARK (P).
2. Set the parking brake firmly.
3. Turn off the engine.
To be even more certain the vehicle won’t move,
you can put blocks at the front and rear of the
tire farthest away from the one being changed.
That would be the tire on the other side of the
vehicle, at the opposite end.
5-18
The following steps will tell you how to use the jack and
change a tire.
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Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
The equipment you’ll need is in the trunk.
2. Grab the handle
and remove
the cover.
Instructions for changing your tires are on the inside of
the tire cover.
To lift the tire cover to gain access to the spare tire and
jacking equipment, do the following:
1. Press the area at
the front of the
handle so that
the back edge
swings upward.
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Unscrew the wing nuts to remove the container that
holds the wrench and jack.
Remove the wheel wrench, jack and the spare tire from
the trunk.
5-20
The tools you’ll be using include the jack (A) and the
wheel wrench (B).
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Removing the Wheel Cover
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the
Spare Tire
SLS Wheel Shown
On the SLS, there is a center wheel cover on the
aluminum wheel. Using the flat end of the wheel
wrench, gently pry the wheel cover off. Be careful not to
scratch the aluminum wheel edge and don’t try to
remove it with your hands.
STS Wheel Shown
1. Using the wheel wrench, loosen all the wheel nuts.
Don’t remove them yet.
On the STS, the wheel nuts and wheel nut covers are
exposed. Use the wheel wrench to remove the wheel
nut covers.
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2. Find the jacking location from the diagrams above
and corresponding cutouts in the plastic molding.
CAUTION:
Getting under a vehicle when it is jacked up is
dangerous. If the vehicle slips off the jack, you
could be badly injured or killed. Never get under
a vehicle when it is supported only by a jack.
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CAUTION:
Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly
positioned can damage the vehicle and even make
the vehicle fall. To help avoid personal injury and
vehicle damage, be sure to fit the jack lift head
into the proper location before raising
the vehicle.
3. Turn the jack handle counterclockwise to lower the
jack lift head until the jack fits under the car.
4. Raise the jack until the metal flange fits firmly into
the channel of the jack head.
5. Put the compact spare near you.
6. Raise the vehicle by turning the jack handle
clockwise. Raise the vehicle far enough off the
ground for the spare tire to fit under the vehicle.
7. Remove all wheel nuts and take off the flat tire.
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8. Remove any rust or dirt
from the wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces and
spare wheel.
9. Place the spare wheel on the wheel
mounting surface.
CAUTION:
Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts. If you
do, the nuts might come loose. Your wheel could
fall off, causing a serious accident.
CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make the wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could come
off and cause an accident. When you change a
wheel, remove any rust or dirt from the places
where the wheel attaches to the vehicle. In an
emergency, you can use a cloth or a paper towel
to do this; but be sure to use a scraper or wire
brush later, if you need to, to get all the rust or
dirt off.
5-24
10. Replace the wheel nuts
with the rounded end of
the nuts toward the
wheel. Tighten each nut
by hand until the wheel
is held against the hub.
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12. Tighten the wheel
nuts firmly in a
crisscross sequence
as shown.
On the STS, screw on the wheel nut covers with your
fingers, then tighten one-quarter turn with the
wheel wrench.
11. Lower the vehicle by turning the jack handle
counterclockwise. Lower the jack completely.
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CAUTION:
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened
wheel nuts can cause the wheel to become loose
and even come off. This could lead to an accident.
Be sure to use the correct wheel nuts. If you have
to replace them, be sure to get new GM original
equipment wheel nuts.
Stop somewhere as soon as you can and have
the nuts tightened with a torque wrench to
100 lb-ft (140 N·m).
NOTICE:
Improperly tightened wheel nuts can lead to
brake pulsation and rotor damage. To avoid
expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten the wheel
nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper
torque specification.
Don’t try to put a wheel cover on your compact spare
tire. It won’t fit. Store the wheel cover and lug nut
caps in the trunk until you have the flat tire repaired
or replaced.
NOTICE:
Wheel covers won’t fit on your compact spare. If
you try to put a wheel cover on your compact
spare, you could damage the cover or the spare.
Storing the Flat Tire and Tools
CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose
equipment could strike someone. Store all these
in the proper place.
After you’ve put the compact spare tire on your vehicle,
you’ll need to store the flat tire in your trunk.
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Store the flat tire as far forward in the trunk as possible.
Store the jack and wheel wrench in their compartment in
the trunk. For storage, the jack must be raised until the
screw end is flush with the edge of the jack.
The compact spare is for temporary use only. Replace
the compact spare tire with a full-size tire as soon as you
can. See the storage instructions label to replace your
compact spare into your trunk properly.
Storing the Spare Tire and Tools
CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose
equipment could strike someone. Store all these
in the proper place.
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Compact Spare Tire
Although the compact spare tire was fully inflated when
your vehicle was new, it can lose air after a time.
Check the inflation pressure regularly. It should be
60 psi (420 kPa).
After installing the compact spare on your vehicle, you
should stop as soon as possible and make sure your
spare tire is correctly inflated. The compact spare is
made to perform well at speeds up to 65 mph
(105 km/h) for distances up to 3,000 miles (5 000 km),
so you can finish your trip and have your full-size tire
repaired or replaced where you want. Of course, it’s best
to replace your spare with a full-size tire as soon as you
can. Your spare will last longer and be in good shape in
case you need it again.
NOTICE:
When the compact spare is installed, don’t take
your vehicle through an automatic car wash with
guide rails. The compact spare can get caught on
the rails. That can damage the tire and wheel,
and maybe other parts of your vehicle.
Don’t use your compact spare on other vehicles.
And don’t mix your compact spare tire or wheel with
other wheels or tires. They won’t fit. Keep your spare
tire and its wheel together.
NOTICE:
Tire chains won’t fit your compact spare. Using
them can damage your vehicle and can damage
the chains too. Don’t use tire chains on your
compact spare.
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If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice
or Snow
NOTICE:
In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you will
need to spin the wheels, but you don’t want to spin your
wheels too fast. The method known as “rocking” can help
you get out when you’re stuck, but you must use caution.
Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of your
vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin the wheels
too fast while shifting your transaxle back and
forth, you can destroy your transaxle.
CAUTION:
If you let your tires spin at high speed, they can
explode, and you or others could be injured. And,
the transaxle or other parts of the vehicle can
overheat. That could cause an engine
compartment fire or other damage. When you’re
stuck, spin the wheels as little as possible. Don’t
spin the wheels above 35 mph (55 km/h) as shown
on the speedometer.
For information about using tire chains on your vehicle,
see “Tire Chains” in the Index.
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will
clear the area around your front wheels. You should turn
your traction control system off. (See “Traction Control
System” in the Index.) Then shift back and forth
between REVERSE (R) and a forward gear, spinning the
wheels as little as possible. Release the accelerator pedal
while you shift, and press lightly on the accelerator
pedal when the transaxle is in gear. By slowly spinning
your wheels in the forward and reverse directions, you
will cause a rocking motion that may free your vehicle.
If that doesn’t get you out after a few tries, you may
need to be towed out. If you do need to be towed out,
see “Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index.
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✍
5-30
NOTES
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✍
NOTES
5-31
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✍
5-32
NOTES
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Section 6 Service and Appearance Care
Here you will find information about the care of your vehicle. This section begins with service and fuel information,
and then it shows how to check important fluid and lubricant levels. There is also technical information about your
vehicle, and a part devoted to its appearance care.
6-2
6-3
6-5
6-8
6-8
6-11
6-16
6-19
6-23
6-27
6-28
6-32
6-34
6-41
6-42
Service
Fuel
Filling Your Tank
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
Checking Things Under the Hood
Engine Oil
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
Engine Coolant
Windshield Washer Fluid
Brakes
Battery
Bulb Replacement
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
Tires
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6-53
6-54
6-55
6-57
6-58
6-58
6-59
6-66
6-68
6-68
6-69
6-69
Appearance Care
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Care of Safety Belts
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle
Cleaning Tires
GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Service Parts Identification Label
Electrical System
Removing the Rear Seat Cushion
Replacement Bulbs
Capacities and Specifications
Air Conditioning Refrigerants
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
6-
6-1
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Service
Doing Your Own Service Work
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to
be happy with it. We hope you’ll go to your dealer for
all your service needs. You’ll get genuine GM parts and
GM-trained and supported service people.
If you want to do some of your own service work, you’ll
want to use the proper service manual. It tells you much
more about how to service your vehicle than this manual
can. To order the proper service manual, see “Service
and Owner Publications” in the Index.
We hope you’ll want to keep your GM vehicle all GM.
Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
do your own service work, see “Servicing Your Air
Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and list
the mileage and the date of any service work you
perform. See “Maintenance Record” in the Maintenance
Schedule booklet.
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CAUTION:
You can be injured and your vehicle could be
damaged if you try to do service work on a
vehicle without knowing enough about it.
D Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement parts
and tools before you attempt any vehicle
maintenance task.
D Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and
other fasteners. “English” and “metric”
fasteners can be easily confused. If you use
the wrong fasteners, parts can later break
or fall off. You could be hurt.
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle
Things you might add to the outside of your vehicle can
affect the airflow around it. This may cause wind noise
and affect windshield washer performance. Check with
your dealer before adding equipment to the outside of
your vehicle.
Fuel
Use premium unleaded gasoline rated at 91 octane or
higher for best performance. You may use middle grade
or regular unleaded gasolines, but your vehicle may not
accelerate as well.
It is recommended that the gasoline meet specifications
which have been developed by the American
Automobile Manufacturers Association (AAMA) and
endorsed by the Canadian Motor Vehicle Manufacturers
Association for better vehicle performance and engine
protection. Gasolines meeting the AAMA specification
could provide improved driveability and emission
control system performance compared to other
gasolines. For more information, write to: American
Automobile Manufacturer’s Association,
7430 Second Ave, Suite 300, Detroit MI 48202.
Be sure the posted octane for premium is at least 91
(at least 89 for middle grade and 87 for regular). If the
octane is less than 87, you may get a heavy knocking
noise when you drive. If it’s bad enough, it can damage
your engine.
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If you’re using fuel rated at the recommended octane or
higher and you hear heavy knocking, your engine needs
service. But don’t worry if you hear a little pinging
noise when you’re accelerating or driving up a hill.
That’s normal, and you don’t have to buy a higher
octane fuel to get rid of pinging. It’s the heavy, constant
knock that means you have a problem.
If your vehicle is certified to meet California Emission
Standards (indicated on the underhood emission control
label), it is designed to operate on fuels that meet
California specifications. If such fuels are not available
in states adopting California emissions standards, your
vehicle will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting
federal specifications, but emission control system
performance may be affected. The malfunction indicator
lamp on your instrument panel may turn on and/or your
vehicle may fail a smog-check test. (See “Malfunction
Indicator Lamp” in the Index.) If this occurs, return to
your authorized Cadillac dealer for diagnosis to
determine the cause of failure. In the event it is
determined that the cause of the condition is the type of
fuels used, repairs may not be covered by your warranty.
6-4
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions may contain an octane-enhancing additive
called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
(MMT); ask your service station operator whether or not
the fuel contains MMT. General Motors does not
recommend the use of such gasolines. If fuels containing
MMT are used, spark plug life may be reduced and your
emission control system performance may be affected.
The malfunction indicator lamp on your instrument
panel may turn on. If this occurs, return to your
authorized Cadillac dealer for service.
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United States
are now required to contain additives that will help
prevent deposits from forming in your engine and fuel
system, allowing your emission control system to
function properly. Therefore, you should not have to add
anything to the fuel. In addition, gasolines containing
oxygenates, such as ethers and ethanol, and
reformulated gasolines may be available in your area to
contribute to clean air. General Motors recommends that
you use these gasolines, particularly if they comply with
the specifications described earlier.
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NOTICE:
Filling Your Tank
Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that
contains methanol. Don’t use it. It can corrode
metal parts in your fuel system and also damage
plastic and rubber parts. That damage wouldn’t
be covered under your warranty.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside the United
States or Canada, the proper fuel may be hard to find. Never
use leaded gasoline or any other fuel not recommended in the
previous text on fuel. Costly repairs caused by use of
improper fuel wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
To check on fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business in the
country where you’ll be driving.
You can also write us at the following address for
advice. Just tell us where you’re going and give your
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
General Motors Overseas Distribution Corporation
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
The cap is behind a hinged door on the driver’s side of
your vehicle.
CAUTION:
Gasoline vapor is highly flammable. It burns
violently, and that can cause very bad injuries.
Don’t smoke if you’re near gasoline or refueling
your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames and smoking
materials away from gasoline.
6-5
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The fuel door release button
is located on the left side of
the instrument panel below
the lamp controls. To open
the fuel door, press the fuel
door release button upward.
The vehicle must be in
PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N)
and the VALET lockout
button must be in the
OFF position.
An alternate fuel door
release is located inside of
the trunk on the driver’s
side. Pull it to release the
fuel door.
6-6
While refueling, hang the cap by the tether from the
hook on the filler door.
To remove the cap, turn it slowly to the left
(counterclockwise). The cap has a spring in it; if you let
go of the cap too soon, it will spring back to the right.
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CAUTION:
If you get gasoline on yourself and then
something ignites it, you could be badly burned.
Gasoline can spray out on you if you open the
fuel filler cap too quickly. This spray can happen
if your tank is nearly full, and is more likely in
hot weather. Open the fuel filler cap slowly and
wait for any “hiss” noise to stop. Then unscrew
the cap all the way.
Be careful not to spill gasoline. Clean gasoline from
painted surfaces as soon as possible. See “Cleaning the
Outside of Your Vehicle” in the Index.
When you put the cap back on, turn it to the right
(clockwise) until you hear a clicking sound. Make sure
you fully install the cap. The diagnostic system can
determine if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly
installed. This would allow fuel to evaporate into the
atmosphere. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in
the Index.
NOTICE:
If you need a new cap, be sure to get the right
type. Your dealer can get one for you. If you get
the wrong type, it may not fit properly. This may
cause your malfunction indicator lamp to light
and your fuel tank and emissions system may be
damaged. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in
the Index.
6-7
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Filling a Portable Fuel Container
CAUTION:
Never fill a portable fuel container while it is in
your vehicle. Static electricity discharge from the
container can ignite the gasoline vapor. You can
be badly burned and your vehicle damaged if this
occurs. To help avoid injury to you and others:
D Dispense gasoline only into
approved containers.
D Do not fill a container while it is inside a
vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup bed or
on any surface other than the ground.
D Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the
inside of the fill opening before operating
the nozzle. Contact should be maintained
until the filling is complete.
D Don’t smoke while pumping gasoline.
6-8
Checking Things Under the Hood
CAUTION:
An electric fan under the hood can start up and
injure you even when the engine is not running.
Keep hands, clothing and tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
CAUTION:
Things that burn can get on hot engine parts and
start a fire. These include liquids like gasoline,
oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer and
other fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or others
could be burned. Be careful not to drop or spill
things that will burn onto a hot engine.
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Hood Release
Pull the lever inside the
vehicle to open the hood. It
is located on the lower left
side of the instrument panel.
Then go to the front of the vehicle and find the
secondary hood release which is located below the front
grille. Move the release lever to the left as you raise
the hood.
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When you open the hood, you’ll see:
A. Windshield Washer Fluid
B. Power Steering Fluid
C. Engine Oil Fill Location
D. Engine Oil Dipstick Location
G. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
E. Brake Master Cylinder
H. Surge Tank/Coolant
Fill Location
F. Transaxle Dipstick/Fill
Location
Before closing the hood, be sure all filler caps are on properly. Then pull the hood down and close it firmly.
6-10
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Underhood Lamp
Turn the parking lamps on to operate the underhood
lamp. The underhood lamp will come on when the hood
is opened.
The engine oil dipstick is
located directly behind the
radiator. The black handle
says ENGINE OIL on it.
Engine Oil
Turn off the engine and give the oil several minutes to
drain back into the oil pan. If you don’t, the oil dipstick
might not show the actual level.
A CHECK OIL LEVEL message will appear when the
engine oil is approximately 1 quart (1L) low. If the
message is displayed, check the dipstick level and add
oil as needed.
It’s a good idea to check your engine oil every time you
get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading, the oil must
be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
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Checking Engine Oil
Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or
cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it again,
keeping the tip down, and check the level.
NOTICE:
Don’t add too much oil. If your engine has so
much oil that the oil level gets above the upper
mark that shows the proper operating range,
your engine could be damaged.
The engine oil fill cap is
located behind the radiator
on the passenger’s side of
the engine. Turn the cap
counterclockwise to
remove it.
When to Add Engine Oil
If the oil is at or below the ADD line, then you’ll need
to add at least one quart of oil. But you must use the
right kind. This part explains what kind of oil to use. For
crankcase capacity, see “Capacities and Specifications”
in the Index.
6-12
Be sure to fill it enough to put the level somewhere in
the proper operating range. Push the dipstick all the way
back in when you’re through.
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What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
Oils recommended for your vehicle can be identified by
looking for the “Starburst” symbol. This symbol
indicates that the oil has been certified by the American
Petroleum Institute (API). Do not use any oil which
does not carry this Starburst symbol.
If you change your own oil,
be sure you use oil that has
the Starburst symbol on the
front of the oil container. If
you have your oil changed
for you, be sure the oil put
into your engine is
American Petroleum
Institute certified for
gasoline engines.
You should also use the proper viscosity oil for your
vehicle, as shown in the following chart:
6-13
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As shown in the chart, SAE 10W-30 is best for your
vehicle. However, you can use SAE 5W-30 if it’s going
to be colder than 60 F (16 C) before your next oil
change. When it’s very cold, you should use SAE
5W-30. These numbers on an oil container show its
viscosity, or thickness. Do not use other viscosity oils,
such as SAE 20W-50.
_
_
NOTICE:
Use only engine oil with the American Petroleum
Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines
“Starburst” symbol. Failure to use the
recommended oil can result in engine damage not
covered by your warranty.
GM GoodwrenchR oil meets all the requirements for
your vehicle.
If you are in an area where the temperature falls below
-20_F (-29_C), consider using either an SAE 5W-30
synthetic oil or an SAE 0W-30 oil. Both will provide
easier cold starting and better protection for your engine
at extremely low temperatures.
6-14
Engine Oil Additives
Don’t add anything to your oil. Your dealer is ready to
advise if you think something should be added.
When to Change Engine Oil
Your vehicle has a computer that lets you know when to
change your engine oil. This is not based on mileage,
but on engine revolutions and engine operating
temperature. When the computer has calculated that the
oil needs changing, the Oil Life Indicator will indicate
that a change is necessary. The mileage between oil
changes will vary depending on how you drive your
vehicle -- usually between 3,000 miles (5 000 km) and
7,500 miles (12 500 km) since your last oil change.
Under severe conditions, the indicator may come on
before 3,000 miles (5 000 km). Never drive your vehicle
more than 7,500 miles (12 500 km) or 12 months
(whichever occurs first) without an oil change.
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The system won’t detect dust in the oil. So, if you
drive in a dusty area, be sure to change your oil every
3,000 miles (5 000 km) or sooner. Remember to reset
the Oil Life Indicator whenever the oil is changed.
How to Reset the Oil Life Indicator
After the oil has been changed, display the ENGINE
OIL LIFE message by pressing the INFO button. Then
press and hold the INFO RESET button until the display
shows 100% ENGINE OIL LIFE. This resets the oil life
index. The message will remain off until the next oil
change is needed. The percentage of oil life remaining
may be checked at any time by pressing the INFO
button several times until the ENGINE OIL LIFE
message appears. For more information on the Oil Life
feature, see “Oil Life Indicator” in the Index.
What to Do with Used Oil
Did you know that used engine oil contains certain
elements that may be unhealthy for your skin and could
even cause cancer? Don’t let used oil stay on your skin
for very long. Clean your skin and nails with soap and
water, or a good hand cleaner. Wash or properly throw
away clothing or rags containing used engine oil. (See
the manufacturer’s warnings about the use and disposal
of oil products.)
Used oil can be a real threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all free-flowing oil
from the filter before disposal. Don’t ever dispose of oil
by putting it in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into
sewers, or into streams or bodies of water. Instead,
recycle it by taking it to a place that collects used oil. If
you have a problem properly disposing of your used oil,
ask your dealer, a service station or a local recycling
center for help.
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Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
The air cleaner is located next to the coolant surge tank
on the driver’s side of the engine. Be sure the engine has
cooled before following these steps to replace the air
cleaner filter:
1. Disconnect the Intake
Air Temperature (IAT)
sensor from the clean
air duct.
2. With a screwdriver,
loosen the air duct
clamp, which is located
at the mass airflow
sensor end of the
air duct.
3. Disconnect the air duct from the mass airflow sensor.
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4. Unhook both air cleaner cover latches.
5. Move the air cleaner lid out of the way.
6. Take out the air cleaner filter and remove any
loose debris that may be found lying in the air
cleaner base.
7. Install a new air filter element. See “Normal
Maintenance Replacement Parts” in the Index for the
proper type.
6-17
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Follow these steps to reinstall the air cleaner assembly:
1. Slide the air cleaner lid into the slots in the bottom of
the air cleaner base.
2. Close the cover and make sure that both latches are
secure and fully engaged.
3. Reinstall the clean air duct over the mass airflow
sensor. Make sure that the duct is secure around the
entire outer edge of the sensor.
4. Tighten the air duct clamp.
CAUTION:
Operating the engine with the air cleaner/filter
off can cause you or others to be burned. The air
cleaner not only cleans the air, it stops flame if
the engine backfires. If it isn’t there, and the
engine backfires, you could be burned. Don’t
drive with it off, and be careful working on the
engine with the air cleaner/filter off.
5. Reconnect the IAT sensor.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when to
replace the air filter.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the
Maintenance Schedule booklet.
NOTICE:
If the air cleaner/filter is off, a backfire can cause
a damaging engine fire. And, dirt can easily get
into your engine, which will damage it. Always
have the air cleaner/filter in place when
you’re driving.
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Automatic Transaxle Fluid
How to Check
When to Check and Change
Because this operation can be a little difficult, you may
choose to have this done at the dealership service department.
A good time to check your automatic transaxle fluid
level is when the engine oil is changed.
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the instructions
here, or you could get a false reading on the dipstick.
Change both the fluid and filter every 50,000 miles
(83 000 km) if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
NOTICE:
D In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90_F (32_C) or higher.
D In hilly or mountainous terrain.
D When doing frequent trailer towing.
D Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, the fluid and filter do not require change
until the message CHANGE TRANS FLUID appears on
the Driver Information Center.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the
Maintenance Schedule booklet.
Too much or too little fluid can damage your
transaxle. Too much can mean that some of the
fluid could come out and fall on hot engine parts
or exhaust system parts, starting a fire. Be sure to
get an accurate reading if you check your
transaxle fluid.
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the transaxle
fluid level if you have been driving:
D
D
D
D
When outside temperatures are above 90_F (32_C).
At high speed for quite a while.
In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather.
While pulling a trailer.
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To get the right reading, the fluid should be at normal
operating temperature, which is 180_F to 200_F
(82_C to 93_C).
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about 15 miles
(24 km) when outside temperatures are above 50_F
(10_C). If it’s colder than 50_F (10_C), you may have
to drive longer.
Checking the Fluid Level
Then, without shutting off the engine, follow
these steps:
1. The transaxle fluid cap
is located next to the
radiator hose and below
the air cleaner assembly
on the driver’s side of
the engine.
D Park your vehicle on a level place. Keep the
engine running.
D With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever
in PARK (P).
D With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
lever through each gear range, pausing for about
three seconds in each range. Then, position the shift
lever in PARK (P).
D Let the engine run at idle for three to five minutes.
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Remove the air cleaner assembly so you can reach
the transaxle fluid cap. Turn the cap
counterclockwise to remove. Pull out the dipstick
and wipe it with a clean rag or paper towel.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and
then pull it back out again.
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How to Add Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of transaxle fluid to use. See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” in the Maintenance
Schedule booklet.
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the
lower level. The fluid level must be in the
cross-hatched area.
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push the
dipstick back in all the way. Replace the air
cleaner/filter assembly.
If the fluid level is low, add only enough of the proper
fluid to bring the level into the cross-hatched area on
the dipstick.
1. Pull out the dipstick.
2. Using a long-neck funnel, add enough fluid at the
dipstick hole to bring it to the proper level.
It doesn’t take much fluid, generally less than
one pint (0.5 L). Don’t overfill.
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NOTICE:
We recommend you use only fluid labeled
DEXRONR-III, because fluid with that label is
made especially for your automatic transaxle.
Damage caused by fluid other than DEXRONR-III
is not covered by your new vehicle warranty.
3. After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as
described under “How to Check.”
4. When the correct fluid level is obtained, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
How to Reset the Transaxle Fluid
Change Indicator
After the transaxle fluid has been changed, display the
TRANS FLUID LIFE message by pressing the INFO
button. Then press and hold the INFO RESET button
until the display shows “100.” This resets the transaxle
fluid life index. The message will remain off until the
next transaxle fluid change is needed. The percentage of
transaxle fluid life remaining may be checked at any
time by pressing the INFO button several times until the
TRANS FLUID LIFE message appears.
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Surge Tank Pressure Cap
NOTICE:
The surge tank cap is a 15 psi (105 kPa)
pressure-type cap and must be tightly installed to
prevent coolant loss and possible engine damage
from overheating. Two and one-half turns are
required to seal the cap.
If the surge tank pressure cap needs to be replaced, a
GM cap is recommended.
Thermostat
Engine coolant temperature is controlled by a thermostat
in the engine coolant system. The thermostat stops the
flow of coolant through the radiator until the coolant
reaches a preset temperature.
If your thermostat needs to be replaced, a GM
thermostat is recommended.
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Engine Coolant
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOLR engine coolant. This coolant is designed
to remain in your vehicle for 5 years or 150,000 miles
(240 000 km), whichever occurs first, if you add only
DEX-COOLR extended life coolant.
The following explains your cooling system and how to
add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem with
engine overheating, see “Engine Overheating” in
the Index.
A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOLR coolant will:
D
D
D
D
D
Give freezing protection down to -34_F (-37_C).
Give boiling protection up to 265_F (129_C).
Protect against rust and corrosion.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
Let the warning lights and gages work as
they should.
NOTICE:
When adding coolant, it is important that you use
only DEX-COOLR (silicate-free) coolant.
If coolant other than DEX-COOL is added to the
system, premature engine, heater core or
radiator corrosion may result. In addition, the
engine coolant will require change sooner -- at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Damage caused by the use
of coolant other than DEX-COOLR is not
covered by your new vehicle warranty.
What to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean, drinkable water and
one-half DEX-COOLR coolant which won’t damage
aluminum parts. If you use this coolant mixture, you
don’t need to add anything else.
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CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid like alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’s coolant
warning system is set for the proper coolant
mixture. With plain water or the wrong mixture,
your engine could get too hot but you wouldn’t
get the overheat warning. Your engine could
catch fire and you or others could be burned. Use
a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOLR coolant.
NOTICE:
If you use an improper coolant mixture, your
engine could overheat and be badly damaged.
The repair cost wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Too much water in the mixture can
freeze and crack the engine, radiator, heater core
and other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a year,
have your dealer check your cooling system.
NOTICE:
If you use the proper coolant, you don’t have to
add extra inhibitors or additives which claim to
improve the system. These can be harmful.
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Checking Coolant
CAUTION:
Turning the surge tank pressure cap when the
engine and radiator are hot can allow steam and
scalding liquids to blow out and burn you badly.
Never turn the surge tank pressure cap -- even a
little -- when the engine and radiator are hot.
The vehicle must be on a level surface. When your
engine is cold, the coolant level should be at the FULL
COLD mark, which is at or above the fill mark at the
edge of the surge tank.
The engine coolant surge tank is located on the driver’s
side of the engine.
The cooling system is under a lot of pressure when it is
hot. If the CHECK COOLANT LEVEL message
appears on the Driver Information Center, you will need
to add coolant.
If the CHECK COOLANT LEVEL message comes on
and stays on, it means you’re low on engine coolant.
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Adding Coolant
If you need more coolant, add the proper DEX-COOLR
coolant mixture at the surge tank, but only when the
engine is cool.
CAUTION:
Power Steering Fluid
The power steering fluid
reservoir is located next to
the fuse relay center on the
passenger’s side of
the engine.
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
When replacing the pressure cap, make sure it is
hand-tight.
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When to Check Power Steering Fluid
It is not necessary to regularly check power steering
fluid unless you suspect there is a leak in the system or
you hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss in this system
could indicate a problem. Have the system inspected
and repaired.
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How to Check Power Steering Fluid
Adding Washer Fluid
When the engine compartment is cool, wipe the cap and
the top of the reservoir clean, then unscrew the cap and
wipe the dipstick with a clean rag. Replace the cap and
completely tighten it. Then remove the cap again and
look at the fluid level on the dipstick.
When your vehicle’s windshield washer fluid level
becomes low, a CHECK WASHER FLUID message will
appear on the Driver Information Center (DIC). You will
need to add fluid soon.
The level should be at the FULL COLD mark. If
necessary, add only enough fluid to bring the level
up to the mark.
What to Use
To determine what kind of fluid to use, see
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the
Maintenance Schedule booklet. Always use the proper
fluid. Failure to use the proper fluid can cause leaks and
damage hoses and seals.
Windshield Washer Fluid
What to Use
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to read
the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you will be
operating your vehicle in an area where the temperature
may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has sufficient
protection against freezing.
The windshield washer fluid reservoir is located next to
the fuse relay center on the passenger’s side of
the engine.
Open the cap labeled WASHER FLUID. Add washer
fluid until the tank is full.
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NOTICE:
D When using concentrated washer fluid,
D
D
D
follow the manufacturer’s instructions for
adding water.
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can cause the solution to freeze
and damage your washer fluid tank and
other parts of the washer system. Also,
water doesn’t clean as well as washer fluid.
Fill your washer fluid tank only
three-quarters full when it’s very cold. This
allows for expansion if freezing occurs,
which could damage the tank if it is
completely full.
Don’t use engine coolant (antifreeze) in
your windshield washer. It can damage
your washer system and paint.
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Brakes
Brake Fluid
Your brake master cylinder reservoir is on the driver’s
side of the engine compartment. It is filled with DOT-3
brake fluid.
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There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in
the reservoir might go down. The first is that the brake
fluid goes down to an acceptable level during normal
brake lining wear. When new linings are put in, the fluid
level goes back up. The other reason is that fluid is
leaking out of the brake system. If it is, you should have
your brake system fixed, since a leak means that sooner
or later your brakes won’t work well, or won’t work
at all.
So, it isn’t a good idea to “top off” your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid won’t correct a leak. If you add fluid
when your linings are worn, then you’ll have too much
fluid when you get new brake linings. You should add
(or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when work is
done on the brake hydraulic system.
CAUTION:
If you have too much brake fluid, it can spill on the
engine. The fluid will burn if the engine is hot
enough. You or others could be burned, and your
vehicle could be damaged. Add brake fluid only
when work is done on the brake hydraulic system.
When your brake fluid falls to a low level, your brake
warning light will come on. See “Brake System Warning
Light” in the Index.
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake
fluid. Use new brake fluid from a sealed container only.
Refer to “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the
Maintenance Schedule.
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the area
around the cap before removing it. This will help keep
dirt from entering the reservoir.
CAUTION:
With the wrong kind of fluid in your brake
system, your brakes may not work well, or they
may not even work at all. This could cause a
crash. Always use the proper brake fluid.
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NOTICE:
D Using the wrong fluid can badly damage
D
brake system parts. For example, just a few
drops of mineral-based oil, such as engine
oil, in your brake system can damage brake
system parts so badly that they’ll have to be
replaced. Don’t let someone put in the
wrong kind of fluid.
If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s
painted surfaces, the paint finish can be
damaged. Be careful not to spill brake fluid
on your vehicle. If you do, wash it off
immediately. See “Appearance Care” in
the Index.
Brake Wear
Your vehicle has four-wheel disc brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make a
high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads are worn
and new pads are needed. The sound may come and go or
be heard all the time your vehicle is moving (except when
you are pushing on the brake pedal firmly).
CAUTION:
The brake wear warning sound means that soon
your brakes won’t work well. That could lead to
an accident. When you hear the brake wear
warning sound, have your vehicle serviced.
Your vehicle also has electronic wear sensors that let
you know when the brake pads are significantly worn
and new pads are needed. The CHANGE BRAKE
PADS message will be displayed on the Driver
Information Center when the brake pads are worn and
need to be replaced. (See “Change Brake Pads Message”
in the Index.)
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CAUTION:
The CHANGE BRAKE PADS message or the
high-pitched warning sound means that soon
your brakes won’t work well. That could lead to
an accident. When the CHANGE BRAKE PADS
message comes on and stays on, have your vehicle
serviced.
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect
brake pads for wear and evenly torque wheel nuts in the
proper sequence to GM specifications.
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
See “Brake System Inspection” in the Maintenance
Schedule booklet under Part C “Periodic
Maintenance Inspections.”
Brake Pedal Travel
NOTICE:
Continuing to drive with worn-out brake pads
could result in costly brake repair.
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in pedal
travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you apply the brakes, with or without the
vehicle moving, your brakes adjust for wear.
Some driving conditions or climates may cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are first applied or lightly
applied. This does not mean something is wrong with
your brakes.
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Replacing Brake System Parts
The braking system on a vehicle is complex. Its many
parts have to be of top quality and work well together if
the vehicle is to have really good braking. Your vehicle
was designed and tested with top-quality GM brake
parts. When you replace parts of your braking
system -- for example, when your brake linings wear
down and you have to have new ones put in -- be sure
you get new approved GM replacement parts. If you
don’t, your brakes may no longer work properly. For
example, if someone puts in brake linings that are wrong
for your vehicle, the balance between your front and
rear brakes can change -- for the worse. The braking
performance you’ve come to expect can change in many
other ways if someone puts in the wrong replacement
brake parts.
Battery
Your new vehicle comes with an ACDelco FreedomR
battery. When it’s time for a new battery, we recommend
an ACDelco Freedom battery. Get one that has the
replacement number shown on the original
battery’s label.
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The battery is located under the rear seat cushion. To
access the battery, see “Removing the Rear Seat
Cushion” in the Index. You don’t need to access the
battery to jump start your vehicle. See “Jump Starting”
in the Index.
CAUTION:
A battery that isn’t properly vented can let
sulfuric acid fumes into the area under the rear
seat cushion. These fumes can damage your rear
seat safety belt systems. You may not be able to
see this damage, and the safety belts might not
provide the protection needed in a crash. If a
replacement battery is ever needed, it must be
vented in the same manner as the original
battery. Always make sure that the vent hose is
properly reattached before reinstalling the
seat cushion.
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Vehicle Storage
If you’re not going to drive your vehicle for 25 days or
more, remove the black, negative (-) cable from the
battery. This will help keep your battery from
running down.
CAUTION:
To be sure the vent hose (A) is properly attached, the
vent hose connectors (B) must be securely reattached to
the vent outlets (C) on each side of the battery, and the
vent assembly grommet (D) must be secured to the floor
pan (E).
Batteries have acid that can burn you and gas
that can explode. You can be badly hurt if you
aren’t careful. See “Jump Starting” in the Index
for tips on working around a battery without
getting hurt.
Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your vehicle
for longer storage periods.
Also, for your audio system, see “Theft-Deterrent
Feature” in the Index.
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Bulb Replacement
For any bulb changing procedure not listed in this
section, contact your dealer service department.
Halogen Bulbs
CAUTION:
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas inside and
can burst if you drop or scratch the bulb. You or
others could be injured. Be sure to read and
follow the instructions on the bulb package.
Headlamps
1. Open the hood and remove the upper filler panel by
loosening all the screws and then lifting the whole
panel. You can later reinstall the upper filler panel by
inserting the grommets, along with the screws, back
into the holes.
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2. Remove the two bolts fastening the headlamp to the
headlamp mounting bracket.
3. Pull the headlamp straight forward to disengage the
locator pin at the outboard edge of the headlamp.
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4. To replace the low-beam bulb, first remove the
rubber housing cover on the rear of the lamp.
5. Then, turn the bulb socket counterclockwise to
unlock the socket from the lamp housing.
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6. Remove the headlamp bulb socket.
7. After removing the wiring harness connector from
the headlamp bulb socket, replace the bulb assembly.
Reconnect it to the wiring harness and reinstall the
headlamp bulb assembly back into the
headlamp housing.
8. After reinstalling the bulb and socket, reinstall
the rubber cover. Make sure it fully covers the
headlamp socket.
9. To replace the high-beam bulb, turn the bulb socket
counterclockwise to unlock the socket from the lamp
housing. Follow the instructions in Step 6 through 8
to install the new bulb.
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Headlamp Aiming
The vehicle should be properly prepared as follows:
Your vehicle has a headlamp system equipped with
horizontal and vertical aim indicators. The aim has been
pre-set at the factory and should need no further
adjustment. This is true even though your vertical and
horizontal aim indicators may not fall exactly on the
“0” (zero) marks on their scales.
D The vehicle must have all four tires on a perfectly
If your vehicle is damaged in an accident, the headlamp
aim may be affected. Aim adjustment may be necessary
if it is difficult to see lane markers (for horizontal aim),
or if oncoming drivers flash their high beams at you (for
vertical aim). If you believe your headlamps need to be
re-aimed, we recommend that you take it to your dealer
for service; however, it is possible for you to re-aim
your headlamps as described in the following procedure.
NOTICE:
level surface.
D If necessary, pads may be used on an uneven surface.
D The vehicle should not have any snow, ice or mud
attached to it.
D The vehicle should be fully assembled and all other
work stopped while headlamp aiming is being done.
D There should not be any cargo or loading of the
vehicle, except it should have a full tank of fuel and
one person or 160 lbs. (75 kg) on the driver’s seat.
D Close all doors.
D Tires should be properly inflated.
D Rock the vehicle to stabilize the suspension.
To make sure your headlamps are aimed
properly, read all the instructions before
beginning. Failure to follow these instructions
could cause damage to headlamp parts.
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A. Horizontal Aiming
Screw
C. Indicator
1. Turn the horizontal aiming screw until the indicator
is lined up with zero.
A. Horizontal Aiming Screw
B. Vertical Aiming Screw
Start with the horizontal aim. The adjustment screws can be
turned with an E8 TorxR socket or T15 Torx screwdriver.
Once the horizontal aim is adjusted, then adjust the
vertical aim.
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B. Vertical Aiming Screw
Front Turn Signal Lamps
D. Level Bubble
1. The turn signal lamps are located on the outboard
side of the headlamps. To access, remove the
headlamp, (see Steps 1, 2 and 3 under “Headlamps”).
2. Turn the vertical aiming screw until the level bubble
is lined up with zero.
2. Press the bulb socket tab and turn the bulb socket
counterclockwise to unlock the socket from the
lamp housing.
3. To remove the bulb, grasp the socket firmly and pull
the bulb out. Install the new bulb and reverse the
steps to replace.
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Center High-Mounted Stoplamp (CHMSL)
The individual bulbs in the CHMSL are not serviceable.
See your dealer for assistance.
Rear Turn Signal Lamps and Taillamps
1. Open the trunk to gain access to the lamp housing.
2. Remove the rear
compartment sill plate
by removing the upper
convenience net
retainers, located at
each end, as shown.
5. Remove the three wing nuts that fasten the taillamp
to the body.
6. Gently remove the taillamp from the body. The
taillamp is on the bottom of the housing and the rear
turn signal lamp is on the upper part of the housing.
3. Move the spare tire cover out of the way.
4. Pull the trunk trim away to access the wing nuts.
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Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
Windshield wiper blades should be inspected at least
twice a year for wear or cracking. See “Wiper Blade
Check” in your Maintenance Schedule booklet under
Part B “Owner Checks and Services” for
more information.
It’s a good idea to clean or replace the wiper blade
assembly on a regular basis or when worn. For proper
windshield wiper blade length and type, see “Normal
Maintenance Replacement Parts” in the Index.
To replace the wiper blade assembly:
7. Press the bulb socket tab and turn the socket
counterclockwise to remove it. To remove the bulb,
grasp the socket firmly and pull the bulb out.
1. Lift the wiper up from the windshield and set into
the vertically-locked position.
Once you have replaced the burned-out bulb, reverse the
steps to reassemble the lamp assembly.
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Tires
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires made by
a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever have questions
about your tire warranty and where to obtain service, see
your Cadillac Warranty booklet for details.
CAUTION:
2. Press the tab that holds the wiper blade to the arm.
3. Slide the blade down and off the arm.
4. Slide in the new blade and snap into place.
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Poorly maintained and improperly used tires
are dangerous.
D Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result of too much friction.
You could have an air-out and a serious
accident. See “Loading Your Vehicle” in
the Index.
CAUTION: (Continued)
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CAUTION: (Continued)
D Underinflated tires pose the same danger as
overloaded tires. The resulting accident
could cause serious injury. Check all tires
frequently to maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure should be checked
when your tires are cold.
D Overinflated tires are more likely to be
cut, punctured or broken by a sudden
impact -- such as when you hit a pothole.
Keep tires at the recommended pressure.
D Worn, old tires can cause accidents. If your
tread is badly worn, or if your tires have
been damaged, replace them.
See “Inflation -- Tire Pressure” in this section
for inflation pressure adjustment for higher
speed driving.
Inflation -- Tire Pressure
The Tire-Loading Information label, which is located on
the rear edge of the driver’s door, shows the correct
inflation pressures for your tires when they’re cold.
“Cold” means your vehicle has been sitting for at least
three hours or driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
If you’ll be driving at high speeds (e.g., speeds of
100 mph (160 km/h) or higher), where it is legal, set the
cold inflation pressure to the maximum inflation
pressure shown on the tire sidewall, or to
38 psi (265 kPa), whichever is lower. See the
example below. When you end this high-speed
driving, return to the cold inflation pressure shown
on the Tire-Loading Information label.
Example:
You’ll find maximum load and inflation pressure
molded on the tire’s sidewall, in small letters, near the
rim flange. It will read something like this: Maximum
load 690 kg (1521 lbs.) @ 300 kPa (44 psi) Max. Press.
For this example, you would set the inflation pressure
for high-speed driving at 38 psi (265 kPa).
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How to Check
NOTICE:
Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation or
overinflation is all right. It’s not. If your tires
don’t have enough air (underinflation), you can
get the following:
D Too much flexing
D Too much heat
D Tire overloading
D Bad wear
D Bad handling
D Bad fuel economy.
If your tires have too much air (overinflation),
you can get the following:
D Unusual wear
D Bad handling
D Rough ride
D Needless damage from road hazards.
When to Check
Check your tires once a month or more.
Don’t forget your compact spare tire. It should be at
60 psi (420 kPa).
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Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You can’t tell if your tires are properly inflated
simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look
properly inflated even when they’re underinflated.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve stems.
They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt
and moisture.
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Tires should be rotated every 6,000 to 8,000 miles
(10 000 to 13 000 km). Any time you notice unusual
wear, rotate your tires as soon as possible and check
wheel alignment. Also check for damaged tires or
wheels. See “When It’s Time for New Tires” and
“Wheel Replacement” later in this section for
more information.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. The first
rotation is the most important. See “Scheduled
Maintenance Services” in the Maintenance Schedule
booklet for scheduled rotation intervals.
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CAUTION:
When rotating your tires, always use the correct rotation
pattern shown here.
Don’t include the compact spare tire in your
tire rotation.
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to which
it is fastened, can make wheel nuts become loose
after a time. The wheel could come off and cause
an accident. When you change a wheel, remove
any rust or dirt from places where the wheel
attaches to the vehicle. In an emergency, you can
use a cloth or a paper towel to do this; but be
sure to use a scraper or wire brush later, if you
need to, to get all the rust or dirt off. (See
“Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index.)
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and
rear inflation pressures as shown on the Tire-Loading
Information label. Make certain that all wheel nuts are
properly tightened. See “Wheel Nut Torque” in
the Index.
6-45
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When It’s Time for New Tires
One way to tell when it’s
time for new tires is to
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires have
only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) or
less of tread remaining.
You need a new tire if any of the following statements
are true:
D You can see the indicators at three or more places
around the tire.
D You can see cord or fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
D The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged deep
enough to show cord or fabric.
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D The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
D The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because of the size or location
of the damage.
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at
the Tire-Loading Information label.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
get ones with that same TPC Spec number. That way
your vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed
to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating,
traction, ride and other things during normal service on
your vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread
design, the TPC number will be followed by an “MS”
(for mud and snow).
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same size,
load range, speed rating and construction type (bias,
bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
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Uniform Tire Quality Grading
CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause you to lose control while
driving. If you mix tires of different sizes or types
(radial and bias-belted tires), the vehicle may not
handle properly, and you could have a crash.
Using tires of different sizes may also cause
damage to your vehicle. Be sure to use the same
size and type tires on all wheels.
It’s all right to drive with your compact spare,
though. It was developed for use on your vehicle.
CAUTION:
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance. (This
applies only to vehicles sold in the United States.) The
grades are molded on the sidewalls of most passenger
car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading system does
not apply to deep tread, winter-type snow tires,
space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with
nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm),
or to some limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors passenger
cars and light trucks may vary with respect to these
grades, they must also conform to Federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
If you use bias-ply tires on your vehicle, the
wheel rim flanges could develop cracks after
many miles of driving. A tire and/or wheel could
fail suddenly, causing a crash. Use only radial-ply
tires with the wheels on your vehicle.
6-47
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Treadwear
Temperature -- A, B, C
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course. For
example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and a half
(1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends
upon the actual conditions of their use, however, and
may depart significantly from the norm due to variations
in driving habits, service practices and differences in
road characteristics and climate.
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation of
heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under
controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the
material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, and
excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure.
The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under the
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 109.
Grades B and A represent higher levels of performance
on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required
by law.
Traction -- AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA, A,
B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s ability to stop
on wet pavement as measured under controlled
conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor
traction performance. Warning: The traction grade
assigned to this tire is based on straight-ahead braking
traction tests, and does not include acceleration,
cornering, hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.
6-48
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
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Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory to give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
Scheduled wheel alignment and wheel balancing are not
needed. However, if you notice unusual tire wear or your
vehicle pulling one way or the other, the alignment may need
to be reset. If you notice your vehicle vibrating when driving
on a smooth road, your wheels may need to be rebalanced.
Each new wheel should have the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted the
same way as the one it replaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts, replace them only with new GM original
equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to have the
right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts for your vehicle.
CAUTION:
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, or badly rusted
or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the wheel,
wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced. If the
wheel leaks air, replace it (except some aluminum
wheels, which can sometimes be repaired). See your
dealer if any of these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be dangerous.
It could affect the braking and handling of your
vehicle, make your tires lose air and make you
lose control. You could have a collision in which
you or others could be injured. Always use the
correct wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts
for replacement.
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NOTICE:
The wrong wheel can also cause problems with
bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or
odometer calibration, headlamp aim, bumper
height, vehicle ground clearance and tire or tire
chain clearance to the body and chassis.
See “Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index for
more information.
Used Replacement Wheels
CAUTION:
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know how it’s been used or
how far it’s been driven. It could fail suddenly
and cause an accident. If you have to replace a
wheel, use a new GM original equipment wheel.
6-50
Tire Chains
NOTICE:
Use tire chains only where legal and only when
you must. Use only SAE Class “S” type chains
that are the proper size for your tires. Install
them on the front tires and tighten them as
tightly as possible with the ends securely
fastened. Drive slowly and follow the chain
manufacturer’s instructions. If you can hear the
chains contacting your vehicle, stop and retighten
them. If the contact continues, slow down until it
stops. Driving too fast or spinning the wheels
with chains on will damage your vehicle.
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Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others can burst into flame if you strike a
match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle. Some are
dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space.
When you use anything from a container to clean your
vehicle, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s warnings
and instructions. And always open your doors or
windows when you’re cleaning the inside.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
Gasoline
Benzene
Naphtha
Carbon Tetrachloride
Acetone
Paint Thinner
Turpentine
Don’t use any of these unless this manual says you can.
In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
D
D
D
D
Alcohol
Laundry Soap
Bleach
Reducing Agents
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and loose
dirt. Wipe vinyl, leather, plastic and painted surfaces
with a clean, damp cloth.
Cleaning of Fabric/Carpet
Your dealer has two cleaners, Multi-Purpose Interior
Cleaner and Capture Non-Solvent Dry Spot and Soil
Remover for cleaning fabric and carpet. They will clean
normal spots and stains very well. You can get
GM-approved cleaning products from your dealer.
(See “Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.)
Lacquer Thinner
Nail Polish Remover
They can all be hazardous -- some more than
others -- and they can all damage your vehicle, too.
6-51
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Here are some cleaning tips:
D
D
D
D
Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
Clean up stains as soon as you can -- before they set.
Carefully scrape off any excess stain.
Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean
area often. A soft brush may be used if stains
are stubborn.
D If a ring forms on fabric after spot cleaning, clean the
entire area immediately or it will set.
Cleaning Vinyl
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
D Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt. You
may have to do it more than once.
D Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain if you
don’t get them off quickly. Use a clean cloth and a
vinyl/leather cleaner. See your dealer for this product.
Cleaning Leather
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap or
saddle soap and wipe dry with a soft cloth. Then, let the
leather dry naturally. Do not use heat to dry.
D For stubborn stains, use a leather cleaner. See your
dealer for this product.
D Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather.
D Soiled or stained leather should be cleaned
immediately. If dirt is allowed to work into the
finish, it can harm the leather.
Cleaning the Top of the Instrument Panel
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones or
waxes may cause annoying reflections in the windshield
and even make it difficult to see through the windshield
under certain conditions.
Cleaning Interior Plastic Components
Use only a mild soap and water solution on a soft
cloth or sponge. Commercial cleaners may affect the
surface finish.
6-52
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Cleaning Wood Panels
Cleaning Glass Surfaces
Use a clean cloth moistened in warm, soapy water (use
mild dish washing soap). Dry the wood immediately
with a clean cloth.
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner or a
liquid household glass cleaner will remove normal
tobacco smoke and dust films on interior glass. (See
“Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.)
Cleaning Speaker Covers
Vacuum around a speaker cover gently, so that the
speaker won’t be damaged. Clean spots with just water
and mild soap.
Care of Safety Belts
Keep belts clean and dry.
CAUTION:
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If you do, it
may severely weaken them. In a crash, they
might not be able to provide adequate protection.
Clean safety belts only with mild soap and
lukewarm water.
Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass, because they may
cause scratches. Avoid placing decals on the inside rear
window, since they may have to be scraped off later. If
abrasive cleaners are used on the inside of the rear
window, an electric defogger element may be damaged.
Any temporary license should not be attached across the
defogger grid.
Cleaning the Outside of the
Windshield and Wiper Blades
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running,
wax, sap or other material may be on the blade
or windshield.
Clean the outside of the windshield with GM
Windshield Cleaner, Bon AmiR Powder (non-scratching
glass cleaning powder), GM Part No. 1050011. The
windshield is clean if beads do not form when you rinse
it with water.
6-53
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Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper blades
and affect their performance. Clean the blade by wiping
vigorously with a cloth soaked in full-strength
windshield washer solvent. Then rinse the blade
with water.
Check the wiper blades and clean them as necessary;
replace blades that look worn.
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth at least every six
months. During very cold, damp weather more frequent
application may be required. (See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” in the Maintenance
Schedule booklet.)
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention and durability.
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to keep it
clean by washing it often with lukewarm or cold water.
6-54
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun.
Use a car washing soap. Don’t use strong soaps or
chemical detergents. Be sure to rinse the vehicle well,
removing all soap residue completely. You can get
GM-approved cleaning products from your dealer. (See
“Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.) Don’t
use cleaning agents that are petroleum based, or that
contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning agents should be
flushed promptly and not allowed to dry on the surface,
or they could stain. Dry the finish with a soft, clean
chamois or an all-cotton towel to avoid surface
scratches and water spotting.
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter
your vehicle.
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses
Use lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and a car
washing soap to clean exterior lamps and lenses. Follow
instructions under “Washing Your Vehicle.”
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your vehicle by
hand may be necessary to remove residue from the paint
finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
from your dealer. (See “Appearance Care and Materials”
in the Index.)
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Your vehicle has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint finish. The
clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colored basecoat.
Always use waxes and polishes that are non-abrasive and
made for a basecoat/clearcoat paint finish.
NOTICE:
Machine compounding or aggressive polishing on
a basecoat/clearcoat paint finish may dull the
finish or leave swirl marks.
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird
droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc., can
damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain on painted
surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as possible. If
necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked
safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign matter.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a period
of years. You can help to keep the paint finish looking
new by keeping your vehicle garaged or covered
whenever possible.
Cleaning Aluminum or
Chrome-Plated Wheels (If Equipped)
Keep your wheels clean using a soft clean cloth with
mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water. After
rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel. A wax
may then be applied.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the painted
surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners, cleaners
with acid or abrasive cleaning brushes on them because
you could damage the surface. Do not use chrome polish
on any wheels other than chrome-plated wheels.
Use chrome polish only on chrome-plated wheels, but
avoid any painted surface of the wheel, and buff off
immediately after application.
Don’t take your vehicle through an automatic car wash
that has silicon carbide tire cleaning brushes. These
brushes can also damage the surface of these wheels.
Cleaning Tires
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with a tire cleaner.
6-55
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NOTICE:
When applying a tire dressing always take care to
wipe off any overspray or splash from all painted
surfaces on the body or wheels of the vehicle.
Petroleum-based products may damage the paint
finish and tires.
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to the parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
Finish Damage
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in the finish
should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode
quickly and may develop into a major repair expense.
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
materials available from your dealer or other service
outlets. Larger areas of finish damage can be corrected
in your dealer’s body and paint shop.
6-56
Underbody Maintenance
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust
control can collect on the underbody. If these are not
removed, accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur on the
underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor pan
and exhaust system even though they have
corrosion protection.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and other debris can collect. Dirt packed in closed areas
of the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody car washing system can do
this for you.
Chemical Paint Spotting
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and
attack painted surfaces on your vehicle. This damage
can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched into
the paint surface.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, Cadillac
will repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces of
new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition within
12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever occurs first.
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GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
PART NUMBER
994954
1050172
1050173
1050174
1050214
1050427
SIZE
23 in. x 25 in.
16 oz. (0.473 L)
16 oz. (0.473 L)
16 oz. (0.473 L)
32 oz. (0.946 L)
23 oz. (0.680 L)
1052918**
8 oz. (0.237 L)
DESCRIPTION
Polishing Cloth – Wax Treated
Tar and Road Oil Remover
Chrome Cleaner and Polish
White Sidewall Tire Cleaner
Vinyl Cleaner
Glass Cleaner
t Protectant
Armor All
USAGE
Exterior polishing cloth
Removes tar, road oil and asphalt
Use on chrome, stainless steel, nickel, copper and brass
Removes soil and black marks from whitewalls
Cleans vinyl tops, upholstery and convertible tops
Removes dirt, grime, smoke and fingerprints
Protects leather, wood, acrylics, Plexiglas , plastic,
rubber and vinyl
Cleans carpets, seats, interior trim, door panels
and floor mats
Spray on and rinse with water
Attracts, absorbs and removes soils on fabric
Shines vehicle without scratching
Spray on tire shine
Removes dust, fingerprints and surface contaminants
Removes light scratches and oxidation and protects finish
Removes contaminants, blemishes and swirl marks
t
Multi-Purpose Interior
Cleaner
1052929
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Wheel Cleaner
1052930
8 oz. (0.237 L)
Capture Dry Spot Remover
12345721
2.5 sq. ft.
Synthetic Chamois
12345725
12 oz. (0.354 L)
Silicone Tire Shine
12377964*
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Finish Enhancer
12377966*
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Cleaner Wax
12377984*
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Surface Cleaner
See your General Motors Parts Department for these products.
See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Maintenance Schedule booklet.
* For exterior use only.
** Not recommended for use on instrument panels.
1052925
16 oz. (0.473 L)
6-57
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Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Service Parts Identification Label
You’ll find this label on the rear wall of the trunk on the
passenger’s side. It’s very helpful if you ever need to
order parts. On this label is:
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle. It appears on
a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel, on the
driver’s side. You can see it if you look through the
windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificates of title and registration.
Engine Identification
The 8th character in your VIN is the engine code. This
code will help you identify your engine, specifications
and replacement parts.
6-58
D
D
D
D
your VIN,
the model designation,
paint information and
a list of all production options and
special equipment.
Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.
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Electrical System
Headlamp Wiring
Add-On Electrical Equipment
The headlamp wiring has an individual fuse. An
electrical overload will cause the lamps to go on and off,
or in some cases to remain off. If this happens, have the
headlamp wiring checked right away.
NOTICE:
Don’t add anything electrical to your vehicle
unless you check with your dealer first. Some
electrical equipment can damage your vehicle
and the damage wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Some add-on electrical equipment can
keep other components from working as
they should.
Windshield Wiper Fuses
A circuit breaker protects the wiper motor. If the wiper
motor overheats due to heavy snow, the wipers will stop
until the motor cools and will then restart.
A MaxiFuseR powers the wiper motor. If the MaxiFuse
blows, there is an electrical problem. Be sure to have
it fixed.
Power Windows and Other Power Options
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
add anything electrical to your vehicle, see “Servicing
Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
Circuit breakers protect the power windows. When the
current load is too heavy, the circuit breaker opens and
closes, protecting the circuit until the problem is fixed or
goes away.
6-59
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Fuses and Circuit Breakers
Underhood Junction Block
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from
short circuits by a combination of fuses and circuit
breakers. This greatly reduces the chance of fires caused
by electrical problems.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical size
and rating. If a MaxiFuse should blow, see your dealer
for service immediately.
If you ever have a problem on the road and don’t have a
spare fuse, you can “borrow” one that has the same
amperage. Pick some feature of your vehicle that you
can get along without -- like the radio or cigarette
lighter -- and use its fuse, if it is the correct amperage.
Replace it as soon as you can.
The MaxiFuses are located in two Bussed Electrical
Centers (BEC), one located near the engine
compartment on the passenger’s side and the other under
the rear seat on the driver’s side. If a MaxiFuse should
blow, have your vehicle serviced by your
dealer immediately.
6-60
The front Bussed Electrical Center (BEC) is located in
the front of the engine compartment between the
windshield washer fluid reservoir and the power steering
fluid reservoir (on the passenger’s side). Lift the cover
to gain access.
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Minifuses
Fuse
1
2
3
4
5
6
Usage
Not Used
Accessory
Windshield Wipers
Not Used
Headlamp Low Beam Left
Headlamp Low Beam Right
Fuse
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
Usage
Instrument Panel
Powertrain Control Module Battery
Headlamp High Beam Right
Headlamp High Beam Left
Ignition 1
Not Used
Not Used
Cruise Control
Oxygen Sensor A
Injector Bank #2
Not Used
Powertrain Control Module Ignition
Direct Ignition System
Oxygen Sensor B
Injector Bank #1
Auxiliary Power
Cigar Lighter
Fog Lamps/Daytime Running Lamps
Horn
Air Conditioner Clutch
6-61
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Micro Relays
Relay
27
28
29
30
31
32
6-62
Circuit
Breaker
41
Usage
Usage
Headlamp High Beam
Headlamp Low Beam
Fog Lamps
Daytime Running Lamps
Horn
Air Conditioner Clutch
MaxiFuses
Usage
Not Used
Accessory
Starter 2
Starter 1
Cooling Fan Secondary
Ignition 1
Cooling Fan Series/Parallel
Cooling Fan Primary
The spare fuses are located in numbers 48 through 52.
The fuse puller is located in number 53.
Mini Relays
Relay
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
Maxibreaker
Fuse
42
43
44
45
46
47
Starter
Usage
Not Used
Export Brake
Antilock Brake System Solenoid
Antilock Brake System Motor
Cooling Fan Secondary
Cooling Fan Primary
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Rear Underseat Bussed Electrical Center (BEC)
The rear BEC is located under the rear seat on the
driver’s side. The rear seat cushion must be removed to
access the BEC. See “Removing the Rear Seat Cushion”
later in this section.
Minifuses
Fuse
1
2
3
4
5
Usage
Fuel Pump
Heater, Ventilation, Air
Conditioner Blower
Memory Seat, Tilt and
Telescoping Steering
Assembly Line Diagnostic Link
Driver Door Module
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Fuse
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
6-64
Usage
Heated Seat Left Rear
Power Tilt and Telescoping Steering
Supplemental Inflation Restraint
Not Used
Lamps Park Right
Fuel Tank Ventilation Solenoid
Ignition 1
Lamps, Parking Left
Interior Lamp Dimmer Module
Navigation
Heated Seat Left Front
Export Lighting
Rear Door Modules
Stoplamps
Neutral Safety Back-up
Audio
Retained Accessory Power for Sunroof
Fuse
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
Usage
Not Used
Not Used
Passenger Door Module
Fuel Door/Trunk Release
Interior Lamps
Rear HVAC Blower
Ignition Switch
Not Used
Heated Seat Right Front
Continuous Variable Road Sensing
Suspension
Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning
Ignition 3 Rear
Antilock Braking System
Turn Signal/Hazard
Heated Seat Right Rear
Dash Integration Module
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Micro Relays
Relay
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
Usage
Fuel Pump
Parking Lamps
Ignition 1
Park Brake A
Park Brake B
Park Shift Interlock
Reverse Lamps
Retained Accessory Power for Sunroof
Rear HVAC Blower
CVRSS Dampers
Ignition 3
Fuel Tank Door Release
Interior Lamps
Trunk Release
Front Courtesy Lamps
Rear Courtesy Lamps
Electronic Level Control Compressor
Circuit Breakers
Relay
56
57
Usage
Power Seats
Power Windows
Mini Relays
Relay
58
59
Usage
Cigarette Lighter
Rear Defog
MaxiFuses
Fuse
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
Usage
Park Brake
Rear Defog
Not Used
Audio Amplifier
ELC Compressor/Exhaust
Cigar Lighter
Not Used
The spare fuses are located in numbers 67 through 74.
The fuse puller is located in number 75.
6-65
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Removing the Rear Seat Cushion
NOTICE:
The battery and main fuse boxes are located
under the rear seat cushion. The battery’s ground
terminal and some relay wires are exposed. To
help avoid damage to the battery and wires, be
careful when removing or reinstalling the seat
cushion. Do not remove covers from covered
parts. Do not store anything under the seat, as
objects could touch exposed wires and cause a
short.
To Remove the Rear Seat Cushion
1. Pull up on the front of the cushion to release the
front hooks.
2. Pull the cushion up and out toward the front of
the vehicle.
6-66
To Reinstall the Rear Seat Cushion
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CAUTION:
A safety belt that isn’t properly routed through
the seat cushion or is twisted won’t provide the
protection needed in a crash. If the safety belt
hasn’t been routed through the seat cushion at
all, it won’t be there to work for the next
passenger. The person sitting in that position
could be badly injured. After reinstalling the seat
cushion, always check to be sure that the safety
belts are properly routed and are not twisted.
1. Buckle the center passenger position safety belt, then
route the safety belts through the proper slots in the
seat cushion. Don’t let the safety belts get twisted.
2. Slide the rear of the cushion up and under the
seatback so the rear-locating guides hook into the
wire loops on the back frame.
3. With the seat cushion lowered, push rearward and
then press down on the seat cushion until the spring
locks on both ends engage.
4. Check to make sure the safety belts are properly
routed and that no portion of any safety belt is
trapped under the seat. Also make sure the seat
cushion is secured.
6-67
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Engine Specifications
Replacement Bulbs
Application
Headlamps Composite
Inner High Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Outer Low Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front Turn Signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stop/Taillamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear Turn Signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Number
9005 HB3
9006 HB4
2357 NA
3057
3057
Capacities and Specifications
The following approximate capacities are given in
English and metric conversions. Please refer to
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the
Maintenance Schedule booklet for more information.
6-68
Displacement . . . . . . . . . 279 cubic inches (4 565 cc)
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.6 L DOHC V8
VIN Engine Code
SLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Y
STS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Horsepower
SLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 275 (bhp) @ 5600 rpm
205 (kW) @ 5600 rpm
STS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300 (bhp) @ 6000 rpm
224 (kW) @ 6000 rpm
Torque
SLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300 (lb-ft) @ 4000 rpm
407 (N·m) @ 4000 rpm
STS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 295 (lb-ft) @ 4400 rpm
400 (N·m) @ 4400 rpm
Firing Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2-7-3-4-5-6-8
Thermostat Starts To Open . . 177-184_F (81-85_C)
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Wheel Nut Torque
100 lb-ft (140 N·m)
Capacities
Transaxle (4T80-E) . . . . . . . . . . 15.0 quarts (14.2 L)
Crankcase (Engine Oil
with Filter Change) . . . . . . . . . . 7.5 quarts (7.1 L)
Engine Cooling System . . . . . . . 12.5 quarts (11.8 L)
Fuel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18.5 gallons (70.7 L)
R-134a Refrigerant . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.0 lbs. (0.91 kg)
NOTE: All capacities are approximate. When adding, be
sure to fill to the approximate level, as recommended in
this manual. Recheck fluid level after filling.
Air Conditioning Refrigerants
Not all air conditioning refrigerants are the same.
If the air conditioning system in your vehicle needs
refrigerant, be sure the proper refrigerant is used.
If you’re not sure, ask your dealer.
Normal Maintenance
Replacement Parts
Air Filter Element . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type A1208C
Fuel Filter Element . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type GF-627
Engine Oil Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type PF-58
PCV Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type CV-774C
Spark Plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type 41-950
Thermostat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type 131-66
Windshield Wiper Blade
(Hook Type) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 inches (56.5 cm)
Vehicle Dimensions
Wheel Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112.2 inches (285.0 cm)
Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201.0 inches (510.5 cm)
Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55.4 inches (140.6 cm)
Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75.0 inches (190.4 cm)
Front Tread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62.7 inches (159.3 cm)
Rear Tread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62.4 inches (158.6 cm)
6-69
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✍
6-70
NOTES
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Section 7 Customer Assistance Information
Here you will find out how to contact Cadillac if you need assistance. This section also tells you how to obtain service
publications and how to report any safety defects.
7-2
7-3
7-4
7-5
7-5
7-7
7-8
7-8
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Customer Assistance for Text Telephone
(TTY) Users
Customer Assistance Offices
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
Roadside Service
Roadside Service for the Hearing or
Speech Impaired
Courtesy Transportation
Transportation Options
7-10
7-10
7-11
7-11
7-11
Warranty Information
Reporting Safety Defects to the United
States Government
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors
Ordering Service and Owner Publications
in Canada
7-
7-1
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Customer Satisfaction Procedure
STEP ONE -- Discuss your concern with a member of
dealership management. Normally, concerns can be
quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has already
been reviewed with the sales, service or parts manager,
contact the owner of the dealership or the general manager.
STEP TWO -- If after contacting a member of
dealership management, it appears your concern cannot be
resolved by the dealership without further help, contact
the Cadillac Customer Assistance Center, 24 hours a day, by
calling 1-800-458-8006. In Canada, contact GM of Canada
Customer Communication Centre in Oshawa by calling
1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French).
We encourage you to call the toll-free number in order
to give your inquiry prompt attention. Please have the
following information available to give the Customer
Assistance Representative:
D Vehicle Identification Number (This is available
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to your
dealer and to Cadillac. Normally, any concerns with the
sales transaction or the operation of your vehicle will be
resolved by your dealer’s sales or service departments.
Sometimes, however, despite the best intentions of all
concerned, misunderstandings can occur. If your
concern has not been resolved to your satisfaction, the
following steps should be taken:
7-2
from the vehicle registration or title, or the plate
at the top left of the instrument panel and visible
through the windshield.)
D Dealership name and location
D Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
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When contacting Cadillac, please remember that your
concern will likely be resolved at a dealer’s facility. That
is why we suggest you follow Step One first if you have
a concern.
STEP THREE -- Both General Motors and your dealer
are committed to making sure you are completely
satisfied with your new vehicle. However, if you
continue to remain unsatisfied after following the
procedure outlined in Steps One and Two, you must file
with the GM/BBB Auto Line Program to enforce any
additional rights you may have. Canadian owners
refer to your Warranty and Owner Assistance
Information booklet for information on the Canadian
Motor Vehicle Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP).
The BBB Auto Line Program is an out of court program
administered by the Council of Better Business Bureaus to
settle automotive disputes regarding vehicle repairs or the
interpretation of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Although you are required to resort to this informal dispute
resolution program prior to filing any court action, use of
the program is free of charge and your case will generally
be heard within 40 days. If you do not agree with the
decision given in your case, you may reject it and proceed
with any other venue for relief available to you.
You may contact the BBB using the toll-free telephone
number or write them at the following address:
BBB Auto Line
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1804
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
This program is available in all 50 states and the District
of Columbia. Eligibility is limited by vehicle age,
mileage and other factors. General Motors reserves the
right to change eligibility limitations and/or discontinue
its participation in this program.
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard of hearing, or
speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones (TTYs),
Cadillac has TTY equipment available at its Customer
Assistance Center. Any TTY user can communicate with
Cadillac by dialing: 1-800-833-CMCC. (TTY users in
Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
7-3
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Customer Assistance Offices
Cadillac encourages customers to call the toll-free number
for assistance. If a U.S. customer wishes to write to
Cadillac, the letter should be addressed to Cadillac’s
Customer Assistance Center.
United States
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 436004
Pontiac, MI 48343-6004
1-800-458-8006
1-800-833-2622 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-882-1112
Canada
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
1-800-263-3777 (English)
1-800-263-7854 (French)
1-800-263-3830 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-268-6800
7-4
All Overseas Locations
GMODC - Customer Communication Centre
169-007
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Telephone: 905-644-4112
Fax:
905-644-4866
Caribbean Numbers
1-800-496-9992 (English) Puerto Rico
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish) Puerto Rico
1-800-751-4135 (English) Dominican Republic
1-800-751-4136 (Spanish) Dominican Republic
1-800-496-9994 U.S. Virgin Islands
1-800-389-0009 Bahamas
1-800-534-0122 Bermuda, Barbados, Antigua & B.V.I.
If toll free service is not available in the Caribbean,
call Puerto Rico 1-787-763-1315.
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GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
Roadside Service
This program, available to
qualified applicants, can
reimburse you up to $1,000
toward aftermarket driver or
passenger adaptive
equipment you may require
for your vehicle (hand
controls, wheelchair/scooter
lifts, etc.).
This program can also provide you with free resource
information, such as area driver assessment centers and
mobility equipment installers. The program is available
for a limited period of time from the date of vehicle
purchase/lease. See your dealer for more details or call
the GM Mobility Assistance Center at 1-800-323-9935.
Text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-800-833-9935.
GM of Canada also has a Mobility Program. Call
1-800-GM-DRIVE (463-7483) for details. TTY users
call 1-800-263-3830. When calling from the United
States, please dial 1-905-644-3063.
Cadillac’s exceptional Roadside Service is more than an
auto club or towing service. It provides every Cadillac
owner with the advantage of contacting a Cadillac
advisor and, when appropriate, a Cadillac trained dealer
technician who can provide on-site service.
7-5
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Each technician travels with a specially equipped
service vehicle complete with the necessary Cadillac
parts and tools required to handle most roadside repairs.
Cadillac Roadside Servicer can be reached by dialing
1-800-882-1112, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
This service is provided at no charge for any
warranty-covered situation and for a nominal charge
if the Cadillac is no longer under warranty. Roadside
Service is available only in the United States
and Canada.
Cadillac Owner Privilegest
Roadside Service provides several Cadillac
Owner Privilegest at “no charge,” throughout
your 1999 Cadillac Warranty Period -- 48 months/
50,000 miles (80 000 km).
Emergency Road Service is performed on site for the
following situations:
D
D
D
D
D
7-6
Towing Service
Battery Jump Starting
Lock Out Assistance
Fuel Delivery
Flat Tire Change (Covers change only)
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D Trip Interruption -- If your trip is interrupted due
to a warranty failure, incidental expenses may be
reimbursed during the 48 months/50,000 miles
(80 000 km) warranty period. Items covered are
hotel, meals and rental car.
Roadside Service Availability
Wherever you drive in the United States or Canada,
an advisor is available to assist you over the phone.
A dealer technician, if available, can travel to your
location within a 30 mile (50 km) radius of a
participating Cadillac dealership. If beyond this radius,
we will arrange to have your car towed to the nearest
Cadillac dealership.
Reaching Roadside Service
Dial the toll-free Roadside Service number:
1-800-882-1112. An experienced Roadside
Service Advisor will assist you and request the
following information:
D A description of the problem
D Name, home address, home telephone number
D Location of your Cadillac and number you are
calling from
D The model year, Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN), mileage and date of delivery
Roadside Service for the Hearing or
Speech Impaired
Roadside Service is prepared to assist owners who have
hearing difficulties or are speech impaired. Cadillac has
installed special telecommunication devices called Text
Telephone (TTY) in the Roadside Service Center.
Any customer who has access to a (TTY) or a
conventional teletypewriter can communicate with
Cadillac by dialing from the United States or Canada
1-800-833-CMCC -- daily, 24 hours.
7-7
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Courtesy Transportation
Transportation Options
Cadillac has always exemplified quality and value in its
offering of motor vehicles. To enhance your ownership
experience, we and our participating dealerships are
proud to offer Courtesy Transportation, a customer
support program for new vehicles.
Warranty service can generally be completed while you
wait. However, if you are unable to wait Cadillac helps
minimize your inconvenience by providing several
transportation options. Depending on the circumstances,
your dealer can offer you one of the following:
The Courtesy Transportation program is offered to retail
purchase/lease customers in conjunction with the
Bumper to Bumper coverage provided by the New
Vehicle Limited Warranty. Several transportation
options are available when warranty repairs are
required. This will reduce your inconvenience during
warranty repairs.
Shuttle Service
Plan Ahead When Possible
If your vehicle requires overnight warranty repairs,
reimbursement up to $30 per day (five days maximum)
may be available for the use of public transportation
such as taxi or bus. In addition, should you arrange
transportation through a friend or relative,
reimbursement for reasonable fuel expenses up to
$10 per day (five day maximum) may be available.
Claim amounts should reflect actual costs and be
supported by original receipts.
When your vehicle requires warranty service, you should
contact your dealer and request an appointment. By
scheduling a service appointment and advising your service
consultant of your transportation needs, your dealer can help
minimize your inconvenience. If it is determined that your
vehicle cannot be scheduled into the service department
immediately and is still operative, you are encouraged to
drive the vehicle until scheduling can be accomplished.
If the dealer requests that you simply drop the vehicle
off for service, you are urged to do so as early in the
work day as possible to allow for same day repair.
7-8
Participating dealerships can provide you with shuttle service
to get you to your destination with minimal interruption of
your daily schedule. This includes a one way shuttle ride to a
destination up to 10 miles from the dealership.
Public Transportation or Fuel Reimbursement
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Courtesy Rental Vehicle
Additional Program Information
When your vehicle is unavailable due to warranty repairs,
your dealer may arrange to provide you with a courtesy
rental vehicle or reimburse you for a rental vehicle you
obtained, at actual cost, up to a maximum of $35.00 per
day supported by receipts. This requires that you sign and
complete a rental agreement and meet state, local and
rental vehicle provider requirements. Requirements vary
and may include minimum age requirements, insurance
coverage, credit card, etc. You are responsible for fuel
usage charges and may also be responsible for taxes,
levies, usage fees, excessive mileage or rental usage
beyond the completion of the repair.
Courtesy Transportation is available during the
Bumper-to-Bumper warranty coverage period,
but it is not part of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
A separate booklet entitled “Warranty and Owner
Assistance Information” furnished with each
new vehicle provides detailed warranty
coverage information.
Generally it is not possible to provide a like-vehicle as a
courtesy rental.
Courtesy Transportation is available only at
participating dealerships and all program options, such
as shuttle service, may not be available at every dealer.
Please contact your dealer for specific information about
availability. All Courtesy Transportation arrangements
will be administered by appropriate dealer personnel.
Canadian Vehicles: For warranty repairs during the
Complete Vehicle Coverage period of the General
Motors of Canada New Vehicle Limited Warranty,
alternative transportation may be available under the
Courtesy Transportation Program. Please consult your
dealer for details.
7-9
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General Motors reserves the right to unilaterally modify,
change or discontinue Courtesy Transportation at any
time and to resolve all questions of claim eligibility
pursuant to the terms and conditions described herein at
its sole discretion.
General Motors and participating dealerships reserve
the right to deny a rental vehicle to anyone not
possessing a valid motor vehicle operators license in
their name, anyone who is under the influence of alcohol
or drugs, or anyone whose mental or physical abilities
are impaired so as to be unable to operate a motor
vehicle safely.
Warranty Information
Your vehicle comes with a separate warranty booklet
that contains detailed warranty information.
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO THE UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could
cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to
notifying General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in
the Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the hotline.
7-10
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REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO THE CANADIAN
GOVERNMENT
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited. You may write to:
Transport Canada
330 Sparks Street
Tower C
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N5
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO GENERAL MOTORS
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Ordering Service and Owner
Publications in Canada
Service manuals, owner’s manuals and other service
literature are available for purchase for all current and
past model General Motors vehicles.
The toll-free telephone number for ordering information
in Canada is 1-800-668-5539.
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada)
in a situation like this, we certainly hope you’ll notify
us. Please call us at 1-800-458-8006, or write:
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 436004
Pontiac, MI 48343-6004
7-11
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1999 CADILLAC SERVICE PUBLICATIONS ORDERING INFORMATION
The following publications covering the operation and servicing of your vehicle can be purchased by filling out
the Service Publication Order Form in this book and mailing it in with your check, money order,
or credit card information to Helm, Incorporated (address below.)
CURRENT PUBLICATIONS FOR 1999 CADILLAC
SERVICE MANUALS
Service Manuals have the diagnosis and repair information
on engines, transmission, axle, suspension, brakes,
electrical, steering, body, etc.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $90.00
TRANSMISSION, TRANSAXLE, TRANSFER CASE
UNIT REPAIR MANUAL
This manual provides information on unit repair service
procedures, adjustments and specifications for the
1999 GM transmissions, transaxles and transfer cases.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $50.00
SERVICE BULLETINS
Service Bulletins give technical service information needed
to knowledgeably service General Motors cars and trucks.
Each bulletin contains instructions to assist in the
diagnosis and service of your vehicle.
PLEASE COMPLETE THE ORDER FORM SHOWN ON
THE FOLLOWING PAGE AND MAIL TO:
Helm, Incorporated S P.O. Box 07130 S Detroit, MI 48207
7-12
OWNER’S INFORMATION
Owner publications are written directly for Owners and
intended to provide basic operational information about
the vehicle.
In-Portfolio: Includes a Portfolio, Owner’s Manual and
Warranty Booklet.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $15.00
Without Portfolio: Owner’s Manual only.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $10.00
CURRENT & PAST MODEL ORDER FORMS
Service Publications are available for current and past
model GM vehicles. To request an order form, please
specify year and model name of the vehicle.
OR ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-551-4123
Monday-Friday 8:00 AM – 6:00 PM Eastern Time
For Credit Card Orders Only (VISA–MasterCard–Discover)
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ORDER TOLL FREE
Orders will be mailed within 10 days of receipt. Please allow adequate time for postal
service. If further information is needed, write to the address shown below or call
1-800-551-4123. Material cannot be returned for credit without packing slip with return
information within 30 days of delivery. On returns, a re-stocking fee may be applied
against the original order.
(NOTE: For Credit Card Holders Only)
1-800-551-4123
(Monday-Friday 8:00 AM – 6:00 PM EST)
FAX Orders Only 1-313-865-5927
1
9
9
9
PUBLICATION FORM
NUMBER
ITEM DESCRIPTION
VEHICLE MODEL
NAME
YEAR
QTY.
PRICE
EACH*
Service Manual
1999
$90.00
Car & Light Truck
Transmission Unit Repair
1999
$50.00
Owner’s Manual In Portfolio
1999
$15.00
Owner’s Manual Without Portfolio
1999
$10.00
TOTAL
PRICE
G
M
S
H
I
P
T
O
NOTE: Dealers and Companies please provide dealer or company name, and also the
name of the person to whose attention the shipment should be sent.
Mail completed order form to:
HELM, INCORPORATED S P.O. Box 07130 S Detroit, MI 48207
For purchases outside U.S.A. please write to the above address for quotation.
(CUSTOMER’S NAME)
(ATTENTION)
(STREET ADDRESS—NO P.O. BOX NUMBERS)
(CITY)
(STATE)
DAYTIME TELEPHONE NO.
(ZIP CODE)
(
)
AREA CODE
GM-CAD-ORD99
*(Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring
obligation. Allow ample time for delivery.)
P
A
Y
M
E
N
T
Check or Money
Order payable to
Helm, Inc. (USA funds
only — do not send cash.)
TOTAL MATERIAL
Michigan Purchasers
add 6% sales tax
U.S. Order Processing
MasterCard
VISA
$5.00
Canadian Postage
(See Note Below)
GRAND TOTAL
Discover
Account
Number:
Expiration
Date mo/yr:
Check here if your billing address
is different from your shipping
address shown.
CUSTOMER SIGNATURE
Note to Canadian Customers: All listed prices are quoted in U.S. funds. Canadian residents
are to make checks payable in U.S. funds. To cover Canadian postage, add $11.50 plus the
U.S. order processing.
7-13
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✍
7-14
NOTES
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Section 8 Index
A
BS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Adapter Kits, CDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-27
Adaptive Seat Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Adding Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-12
Adding Equipment to the Outside of Your Vehicle . . . . . . 6-3
Aiming Headlamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-37
Air Bag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-19
How Does it Restrain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-25
How it Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-22
Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-22
Readiness Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-21, 2-68
Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-26
What Makes it Inflate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-24
What Will You See After it Inflates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-25
When Should it Inflate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-24
Air Cleaner/Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-16
Air Conditioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
Air Conditioning Refrigerants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-69
Air Control, Climate Control Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3, 3-4
Air Filter, Passenger Compartment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Alarm, Theft-Deterrent System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
Alignment and Balance, Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-49
Aluminum Wheels, Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-55
Antenna, Diversity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-35
Antifreeze . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-23
8-
Anti-Lock
Brake System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-70, 4-7
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Anti-Lockout Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Anti-Theft, Radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-31
Appearance Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-51
Appearance Materials, Vehicle Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-57
Arbitration Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
Armrest, Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-54
Ashtrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-55
Assist Handles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-56
Audio
Adding Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-33
Steering Wheel Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-31
System Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-32
Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-11
Auto Exit Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-87
Auto Exit Steering Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-87
Automatic Door Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Automatic Overdrive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-25
Automatic Transaxle
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24
Shifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24
Starting Your Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21
Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-19
8-1
yellowblue
Battery
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-32
Charging System Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-69
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Load Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-49
Not Charging Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-79
Replacement, Remote Keyless Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Saver Active Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-79
Savers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-47, 2-49
Voltage High Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-80
Voltage Low Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-80
Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3, 5-5
BBB Auto Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
Better Business Bureau Mediation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
Blade Replacement, Windshield Wipers . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-41
Blizzard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-27
Brake
Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-31
Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-28
Master Cylinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-28
Parking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-27
Pedal Travel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-31
Replacing System Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-32
System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-69
Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-36
Transaxle Shift Interlock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-31
Wear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-30
Brakes, Anti-Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Brake-Transaxle Shift Interlock (BTSI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-31
Braking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Braking in Emergencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
8-2
Break-In, New Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brightness Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BTSI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front Turn Signal Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Headlamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear Turn Signal Lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Taillamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C
2-19
2-47
2-31
6-34
6-40
6-39
6-34
6-40
6-40
apacities and Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-68
Carbon Monoxide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-32, 4-28, 4-35
Carpet Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-51
Cassette Tape Player Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-33
Cassette Tape Players . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13, 3-23
CD Adapter Kits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-27
CD Changer, Console-Mounted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-28
Cellular Telephone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-56
Center Console Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-54
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp, Bulb Replacement . . . 6-40
Central Door Unlocking System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Certification Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30
Chains, Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35
Chains, Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-50
Change Brake Pads Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-80
Change Engine Oil Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-80
Change Trans Fluid Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-80
Changing a Flat Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-18
Charging System Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-69
yellowblue
Check
Brake Fluid Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-80
Coolant Level Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-80
Fuel Gage Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-81
Gas Cap Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-81
Oil Level Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-81
Washer Fluid Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-81
Checking Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-12
Checking Things Under the Hood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
Checking Your Restraint Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-46
Chemical Paint Spotting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-56
Child Restraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-33
Securing in a Rear Seat Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-38
Securing in the Right Front Seat Position . . . . . . . . . . 1-40
Top Strap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-38
Where to Put . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-37
CHMSL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-40
Chrome-Plated Wheels, Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-55
Cigarette Lighter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-55
Circuit Breakers and Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-60
City Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20
Cleaner, Engine Air/Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-16
Cleaning
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-55
Exterior Lamps/Lenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-54
Fabric/Carpet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-51
Glass Surfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-53
Inside of Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-51
Instrument Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-52
Interior Plastic Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-52
Leather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-52
Outside of the Windshield and Wiper Blades . . . . . . . 6-53
Outside of Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-54
Speaker Covers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-53
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-55
Vinyl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-52
Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-55
Wood Panels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-53
Climate Control Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Climate Control Personalization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
Climate Control, Steering Wheel Controls . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
Clock, Setting the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-11
Cluster, Instrument Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-64
Comfort Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Comfort Controls and Radio System Personalization . . . 2-91
Compact Disc Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-34
Compact Disc Player Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-35
Compact Disc Players . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-15, 3-25
Compact Spare Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-28
Compartments, Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-53
Compass, Rearview Mirror with . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-49
Console Shift Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-29
Console-Mounted CD Changer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-28
Continuous Variable Road Sensing
Suspension (CVRSS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-91
Control of a Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Control System, Traction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
Convenience Net . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-54
Convex Outside Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-52
Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-23
Heater, Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22
Surge Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-11
8-3
yellowblue
Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-11
Cornering Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-45
Courtesy Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-8
Cruise Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-40
Cruise Control Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-76
Cupholders (in Storage Areas) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-54
Curb View Assist Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-53, 2-90
Curb View Assist Mirror Programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-90
Customer Assistance
For Text Telephone Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
Assistance Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
Assistance Offices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-4
Customer Satisfaction Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2
CVRSS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-91
D
amage, Finish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-56
Damage, Sheet Metal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-56
Daytime Running Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-44
Dead Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Defects, Reporting Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-10, 7-11
Defensive Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Defogger, Rear Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
Defrosting and Defogging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
DIC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-78
DIC Controls and Displays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-78
DIC Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-79
Dimensions, Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-69
Display Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-66
Diversity Antenna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-35
Dolby Noise Reduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-15, 3-25
8-4
Door
Central Unlocking System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Fuel Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-6
Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Map Pocket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-53
Doors Lock in Gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-89
Doors Unlock in Park
Doors Unlock Key Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-89
Driver
Door Ajar Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-81
Information Center (DIC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-78
No. X (1 or 2) Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-81
Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
Unlock in Park . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-89
Unlock Key Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-89
Driver’s Names Set/Recall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-90
Driver’s Outside Auto-Dimming Rearview Mirror . . . . . 2-52
Driving
City . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20
Defensive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Drunken . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
Freeway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-21
In a Blizzard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-27
In Foreign Countries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
In the Rain and on Wet Roads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17
Night . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15
On Curves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
On Grades While Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-38
On Hill and Mountain Roads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-23
On Snow or Ice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-26
yellowblue
Through Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-19
Winter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-25
With a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-36
DRL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-44
Dual Temperature Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2, 3-3
E
lectrical System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-59
Electrochromic Day/Night Rearview Mirror
with Compass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-49
Electronic Level Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-31
Electronic Solar Sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10
Air Cleaner/Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-16
Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-23
Coolant Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22
Coolant Hot, Idle Engine Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-81
Coolant Temperature Gage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-72
Coolant Temperature Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-71
Cooling When Trailer Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-39
Exhaust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-32, 4-28, 4-35
Hot - A/C Off Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-81
Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-58
Misfire -- Ease Off Gas Pedal Message . . . . . . . . . . . 2-82
Overheated, Stop Engine Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-82
Overheating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
Power Reduced Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-82
Running While Parked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-33
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-68
Speed Limiter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-67
Starting Your . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21
Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-12
Additives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-14
Checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-12
Used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-15
What Kind of Oil to Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-13
When to Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-14
English/Metric Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-66
Ethanol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
Exhaust, Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-32, 4-28, 4-35
Express-Down Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-34
Exterior Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-43
Exterior Lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-88
Exterior Lighting Battery Saver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-47
Fabric Cleaning
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-51
Filling a Portable Fuel Container . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
Filling Your Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
Filter, Engine Air Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-16
Finish Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-54
Finish Damage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-56
First Gear, Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-26
Flashers, Hazard Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Flash-To-Pass Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-37
Flat Tire, Changing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-18
Floor Mats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-57
Fluid
AutomaticTransaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-19
Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-28
Capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-69
Power Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-26
Windshield Washer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-39, 6-27
8-5
yellowblue
Fog Lamp Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-76
Fog Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-45
Foreign Countries, Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
Freeway Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-21
French Language Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
Front Turn Signal Lamps, Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . 6-39
Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
Door Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-6
Filling a Portable Container . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
Filling Your Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
Gage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-77
In Foreign Countries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
Level Low Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-82
Fuses
Circuit Breakers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-60
Underhood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-60
Underseat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-63
Windshield Wipers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-59
Gages
Engine Coolant Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-72
Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-77
Tachometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-67
Garment Hooks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-57
GAWR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30
Gear Positions, Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24
Glove Box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-53
GM Mobility Program for Persons with Disabilities . . . . . 7-5
Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GAWR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30
Guide en Français . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
GVWR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30
8-6
H
alogen Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-34
Handles, Assist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-56
Hazard Warning Flashers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Head Restraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
Headlamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-43
Aiming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-37
Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-34
High/Low Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-36
Suggested Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-82
Wiper Activated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-43
Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-59
Hearing, Damage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-32
Hearing Impaired, Customer Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
Heated Seats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
Heating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
High-Beam Headlamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-36
Highway Hypnosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-22
Hill and Mountain Road Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-23
Hitches, Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35
Hood
Checking Things Under . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9
Hooks, Garment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-57
Horn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-35
Horn Sounds at Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-88
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant Surge Tank . . . . . . . 5-14
How to Reset the Oil Life Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-15
HVAC Steering Wheel Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
Hydraulic Brake Warning Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-69
Hydroplaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-19
yellowblue
I
ce Possible Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ignition Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Illuminated Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inadvertent Power Battery Saver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Indicator, Oil Life . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inflation, Tire Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Instrument Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning the Top . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Intensity/Brightness Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interior Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-82
2-19
2-48
2-49
2-92
6-43
2-62
6-52
2-64
2-47
2-47
Jack, Tire
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-19, 5-20
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
K
ey in Recall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-87
Keyless Entry System, Remote . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
Labels
Certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Service Parts Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tire-Loading Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vehicle Identification Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lamp, Malfunction Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lamps
Cornering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Daytime Running . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exterior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-30
6-58
4-30
6-58
2-72
2-45
2-44
2-43
2-45
Instrument Panel Intensity/Brightness Control . . . . . . 2-47
Interior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-47
On Reminder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-44
Parking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-43
Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-48
Underhood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
Leaving Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Leaving Your Vehicle with the Engine Running . . . . . . . 2-30
Left Rear Door Ajar Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-82
Light Sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-46
Lighted Visor Vanity Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-56
Lighter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-55
Lighting, Exterior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-88
Lights
Air Bag Readiness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-21, 2-68
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-70, 4-7
Brake System Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-69
Charging System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-69
Cruise Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-76
Engine Coolant Temperature Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-71
Flash at Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-88
Flash at Unlock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-87
Fog Lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-76
Lights On Reminder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-76
Oil Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-75
On Reminder Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-76
Parking Brake Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-70
Safety Belt Reminder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7, 2-68
Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-76
Service Engine Soon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-72
Traction Control System Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-71, 4-9
8-7
yellowblue
Limiter, Engine Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-67
Limiter, Vehicle Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-66
Loading Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30
Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Anti-Lockout Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Automatic Door . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Door . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Power Door . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Programmable Automatic Door . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5, 2-88
Rear Door Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Torque . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-30
Trunk Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Valet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
Loss of Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-14
Lumbar Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Lumbar, Massaging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
MagnasteerR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Maintenance, Normal Replacement Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-69
Maintenance, Underbody . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-56
Maintenance When Trailer Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-39
Malfunction Indicator Lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-72
Map Pocket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-53
Massaging Lumbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Matching Transmitters To Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
Mats, Floor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-57
Memory and Personalization Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-86
Memory, Remote Recall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-86
Memory Seat, Mirrors and Steering Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Methanol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
8-8
Mirrors
Convex Outside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-52
Curb View Assist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-53, 2-90
Driver’s Outside Auto-Dimming Rearview . . . . . . . . . 2-52
Lighted Visor Vanity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-56
Memory Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Power Remote Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-52
Rearview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-49, 2-52
MMT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
Model Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
Mountain Road Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-23
Multifunction Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-36
et, Convenience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Neutral, Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
New Vehicle “Break-In” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Night Vision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . .
N
2-54
2-25
2-19
4-16
6-69
O
2-65
2-65
4-12
dometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Odometer, Trip . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Off-Road Recovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Oil
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Life Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Life Indicator, How to Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pressure Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pressure Low Stop Engine Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OnStarR System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overdrive, Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-11
2-92
6-15
2-75
2-82
2-56
2-25
yellowblue
Overheated Engine Protection Operating Mode . . . . . . . . 5-9
Overheating Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
Owner Publications, Ordering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-11, 7-12
P
aint Spotting, Chemical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-56
Parade Dimming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-48
PARK (P)
Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24
Shifting Into . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-29
Shifting Out of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-31
Parking
At Night . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-27
Brake Indicator Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-70
Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-43
Lots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
Over Things That Burn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-32
With a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-38
Passenger Compartment Air Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Passenger Door Ajar Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-83
Passenger’s Side Temperature Knob . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Passing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-13
PASS-KeyR III . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
Pass-Through Door, Rear Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
People with Disabilities, GM Mobility Program . . . . . . . . 7-5
Personalization Feature, Radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-30
Playing a Cassette Tape . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13, 3-23
Playing a Compact Disc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-15, 3-25
Power
Accessory, Retained . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20
Door Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Remote Control Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-52
Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Steering Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-26
Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-34
Windows and Other Power Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-59
Pregnancy, Use of Safety Belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-18
Problems on the Road . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
Programmable Automatic Door Locks . . . . . . . . . . 2-5, 2-88
Publications, Service and Owner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-11, 7-12
Radio Data Systems (RDS) Program Type
(PTY) Selections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-26
Radio Personalization with Home and Away Feature . . . 3-30
Radio Reception, Understanding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-32
Radio Theft-Deterrent Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-31
Radios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-11, 3-16
Rain, Driving In . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17
Rainsense Wipers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-38
RAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20
Reading Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-48
Rear
Door Security Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Pass-Through Door . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
Removing the Rear Seat Cushion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-66
Seat Passengers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-27
Storage Armrest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-54
Turn Signal Lamp, Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-40
Underseat Bussed Electrical Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-63
Window Defogger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
Window Lockout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-34
t
8-9
yellowblue
Rearview Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-49, 2-52
Driver’s Outside Auto-Dimming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-52
Electrochromic Day/Night with Compass . . . . . . . . . . 2-49
Recirculation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
Reclining Front Seatbacks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
Recreational Vehicle Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-29
Refrigerants, Air Conditioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-69
Remote
Confirmation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-87
Fuel Door Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-6
Keyless Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-27
Recall Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-86
Trunk Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Removing the Rear Seat Cushion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-66
Replacement
Bulbs (Part Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-68
Normal Maintenance Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-69
Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-49
Replacing Safety Belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-46
Reporting Safety Defects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-10, 7-11
Restraints
Checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-46
Child . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-33
Head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
Replacing Parts After a Crash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-46
Resynchronization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
Retained Accessory Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20
Reverse, Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-25
Right Front Passenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-19
Right Rear Door Ajar Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-83
8-10
RKE (Remote Keyless Entry) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Roadside Assistance (Service) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get it Out . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-29
Rotation, Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-44
S
afety Belt Extender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-46
Safety Belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
Adults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-53
Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-30
Driver Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
Extender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-46
How to Wear Properly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
Incorrect Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-44, 1-45
Lap-Shoulder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12, 1-27
Larger Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-43
Questions and Answers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-11
Rear Seat Passengers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-27
Reminder Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7, 2-68
Replacing After a Crash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-46
Right Front Passenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-19
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13
Smaller Children and Babies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-30
Use During Pregnancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-18
Why They Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8
Safety Chains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35
Safety Defects, Reporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-10, 7-11
Safety Warnings and Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
Seatback, Reclining Front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
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Seats
Adaptive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Auto Exit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-87
Heated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
Lumbar Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Memory Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Restraint Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
Seat Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Securing a Child Restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-38, 1-40
Second Gear, Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-26
Security Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-76
Security System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15, 2-17
Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
AC System Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-83
Air Bag Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-83
Bulletins, Ordering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-11, 7-12
Charging Sys Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-83
Electrical Sys Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-83
Engine Soon Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-72
Fuel System Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-83
Idle Control Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-83
Manuals, Ordering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-11, 7-12
Parts Identification Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-58
Publications, Ordering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-11, 7-12
Stability Sys Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-83
Steering Sys Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-84
Suspension Sys Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-84
Theft System Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-84
Transmission Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-84
Vehicle Soon Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-84
Work, Doing Your Own . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
Service and Appearance Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
Service and Owner Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-11, 7-12
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . 1-26
Setting the Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-11
Sheet Metal Damage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-56
Shift Lever Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24
Shifting
Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24
Into PARK (P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-29
Out of PARK (P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-31
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13
Signaling Turns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-36
SIR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-19
Skidding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-14
Solar Sensor, Electronic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
Sound Equipment, Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-33
Spare Tire, Compact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-28
Speaker Covers, Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-53
Specifications and Capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-68
Speech Impaired, Customer Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
Speed Limited to 90 Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-84
Speedometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-65
Stability Sys Engaged Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-84
Starting Disabled Remove Key Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-85
Starting Your Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21
Steam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9, 5-10
Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
In Emergencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11
MagnasteerR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Power Tilt Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-35
Tilt Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-35
Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
8-11
yellowblue
Steering Wheel
Auto Exit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-87
Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10, 3-31
Memory Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Storage Compartments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-53
Storage System, Trunk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Storage, Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-33
Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-29
Sun Visors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-56
Sunroof . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-57
Supplemental Inflatable Restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-19
Surge Tank, Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-11
Surge Tank Pressure Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-22
Symbols, Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
T
achometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-67
Taillamps, Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-40
Tape Player Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-33
Tapes, Playing Cassettes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13, 3-23
Telephone, Cellular . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-56
Telescopic Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-35
Temperature Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2, 3-3
Theft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
Theft Attempted Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-85
Theft-Deterrent Feature, Radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-31
Theft-Deterrent System (Vehicle Alarm) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
Thermostat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-22
Third Gear, Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-26
Tilt Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-35
Time, Setting the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-11
Tips About Your Audio System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-32
Tire-Loading Information Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30
8-12
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-42
Alignment and Balance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-49
Buying New . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-46
Chains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-50
Changing a Flat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-18
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-55
Compact Spare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-28
Inflation Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-43
Inspection and Rotation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-44
Loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30
Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-48
Traction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-48
Treadwear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-48
Uniform Quality Grading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-47
Wear Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-46
Wheel Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-49
When It’s Time for New . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-46
Top Speed Fuel Cut-Off Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-85
Top Strap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-38
Torque Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-30
Torque, Wheel Nut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-26, 6-69
Towing
A Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-32
Recreational Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-29
Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
Traction
Control System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
Control System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-71, 4-9
Engaged Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-85
Off Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-85
Ready Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-85
Suspended Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-85
yellowblue
Trailer
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-36
Driving on Grades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-38
Driving with . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-36
Engine Cooling When Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-39
Hitches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35
Maintenance When Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-39
Parking on Hills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-38
Safety Chains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35
Tongue Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-34
Total Weight on Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35
Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-32
Turn Signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-37
Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-33
Trans Hot Idle Engine Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-85
Transaxle Fluid, Automatic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-19
Transmitter, Universal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-58
Transmitters, Remote Keyless Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Transportation, Courtesy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-8
Trip Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-65
Trunk
2-11
Lid Tie Down . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14
Lock Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Open Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-86
Storage System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
TTY Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
Turn and Lane Change Signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-36
Turn Signal On Chime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-36
Turn Signal On Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-86
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-36
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-37
Twilight SentinelR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-45
Umbrella Holder
..............................
Underbody Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Underhood Junction Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Underhood Lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Understanding Radio Reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Universal Transmitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-57
6-56
6-60
6-11
3-32
2-58
Valet Lock
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
Vehicle
Care/Appearance Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-57
Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Control, Loss of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-14
Damage Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-69
Identification Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-58
Loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30
Overspeed Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-86
Speed Limiter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-66
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-33
Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
Towing, Recreational . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-29
Ventilation System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8
VIN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-58
Visors, Sun . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-56
W
arning Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-67
Warranty Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-10
Washing Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-54
Wastebasket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-54
Weatherstrips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-54
8-13
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Wheel
Alignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-49
Nut Torque . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-26, 6-69
Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-49
Wrench . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-19, 5-20
Window, Rear Defogger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-34
Express-Down . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-34
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-34
Rear Lockout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-34
Windshield Washer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-39
Windshield Washer Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-39, 6-27
8-14
Windshield Wipers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-37
Blade Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-41
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-53
Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-59
Rainsense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-38
Winter Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-25
Wiper-Activated Headlamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-43
Wiring, Headlamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-59
Wood Panels, Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-53
Wrecker Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
Wrench, Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-19, 5-20
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