MOTO GUZZI Griso Specifications

SERVICE STATION MANUAL
854378
GRISO 8V - 1200
SERVICE STATION
MANUAL
GRISO 8V - 1200
THE VALUE OF SERVICE
Only the mechanics of the Official Moto Guzzi Service Network know this vehicle well, thanks to constant
technical professional development and Moto Guzzi specific training programmes, and have the tools
needed to carry out maintenance and repair operations correctly.
The reliability of the vehicle also depends on its mechanical conditions. Checking the vehicle before
setting off, carrying out routine maintenance and using only Moto Guzzi Original Spare parts is
fundamental!
For information about the nearest Official Dealer and/or Service Centre, consult the Yellow Pages or
search directly on the inset map in our Official Website:
www.motoguzzi.it
Only by purchasing Moto Guzzi Original Spare Parts will you get a product designed and tested during
the bike designing phase. Moto Guzzi Original Spare Parts are subject to systematic quality control
procedures so that their reliability and performance over time is guaranteed.
The descriptions and illustrations given in this publication are not binding; While the basic features as
described and illustrated in this booklet remain unchanged, Moto Guzzi reserves the right, at any time
and without being required to update this publication beforehand, to make any changes to components,
parts or accessory supplies, which it deems necessary to improve the product or which are required for
manufacturing or commercial reasons.
Not all versions shown in this publication are available in all Countries. The availability of individual
versions should be checked with the Official Moto Guzzi sales network.
© Copyright 2007- Moto Guzzi. All rights reserved. Reproduction of this publication in whole or in part is
prohibited. Moto Guzzi - After sales service.
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SERVICE STATION MANUAL
GRISO 8V - 1200
This manual provides the main information to carry out regular maintenance operations on your vehicle.
This manual is intended to Moto Guzzi Dealers and their qualified mechanics; several concepts have
been deliberately omitted as they are considered unnecessary. As it is not possible to include complete
mechanical notions in this manual, users should have basic mechanical knowledge or minimum
knowledge about the procedures involved when repairing scooters. Without this knowledge, repairing or
checking the vehicle may be inefficient or even dangerous. As the vehicle repair and check procedures
are not described in detail, be extremely cautious so as not to damage components or injure individuals.
In order to optimise customer satisfaction when using our vehicles, Moto Guzzi s.p.a. commits itself to
continually improve its products and the relative documentation. The main technical modifications and
changes in repair procedures are communicated to all Moto Guzzi Sales Outlets and its International
Subsidiaries. These changes will be introduced in the subsequent editions of the manual. In case of
need or further queries on repair and check procedures, consult Moto Guzzi CUSTOMER
DEPARTMENT, which will be prepared to provide any information on the subject and any further
communications on updates and technical changes related to the vehicle.
NOTE Provides key information to make the procedure easier to understand and carry out.
CAUTION Refers to specific procedures to carry out for preventing damages to the vehicle.
WARNING Refers to specific procedures to carry out to prevent injuries to the repairer.
Personal safety Failure to completely observe these instructions will result in serious risk of personal
injury.
Safeguarding the environment Sections marked with this symbol indicate the correct use of the vehicle
to prevent damaging the environment.
Vehicle intactness The incomplete or non-observance of these regulations leads to the risk of serious
damage to the vehicle and sometimes even the invalidity of the guarantee.
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INDEX OF TOPICS
CHARACTERISTICS
CHAR
SPECIAL TOOLS
S-TOOLS
MAINTENANCE
MAIN
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
ELE SYS
ENGINE FROM VEHICLE
ENG VE
ENGINE
POWER SUPPLY
ENG
P SUPP
SUSPENSIONS
SUSP
CHASSIS
CHAS
BRAKING SYSTEM
BRAK SYS
CLUTCH SYSTEM
CLU SYS
BODYWORK
BODYW
PRE-DELIVERY
PRE DE
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INDEX OF TOPICS
CHARACTERISTICS
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CHAR
GRISO 8V - 1200
Characteristics
Rules
Safety rules
Carbon monoxide
If you need to keep the engine running in order to carry out any procedure, please ensure that you do
so in an open or very well ventilated area. Never let the engine run in an enclosed area. If you do work
in an enclosed area, make sure to use a smoke-extraction system.
CAUTION
EXHAUST EMISSIONS CONTAIN CARBON MONOXIDE, A POISONOUS GAS WHICH CAN CAUSE
LOSS OF CONSCIOUSNESS AND EVEN DEATH.
Fuel
CAUTION
FUEL USED TO POWER INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES IS HIGHLY FLAMMABLE AND CAN
BECOME EXPLOSIVE UNDER SPECIFIC CONDITIONS. IT IS THEREFORE RECOMMENDED TO
CARRY OUT REFUELLING AND MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES IN A VENTILATED AREA WITH
THE ENGINE SHUT OFF. DO NOT SMOKE DURING REFUELLING AND NEAR FUEL VAPOURS,
AVOID ANY CONTACT WITH NAKED FLAMES, SPARKS OR OTHER SOURCES WHICH MAY
CAUSE THEM TO IGNITE OR EXPLODE.
DO NOT DISPOSE OF FUEL INTO THE ENVIRONMENT.
KEEP OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN
Hot components
The engine and the exhaust system components get very hot and remain in this condition for a certain
time interval after the engine has been shut off. Before handling these components, make sure that you
are wearing insulating gloves or wait until the engine and the exhaust system have cooled down.
Used engine oil and transmission oil
CAUTION
IT IS ADVISABLE TO WEAR LATEX GLOVES WHEN SERVICING THE VEHICLE.
ENGINE OR TRANSMISSION OIL MAY CAUSE SERIOUS INJURIES TO THE SKIN IF HANDLED
FOR PROLONGED PERIODS OF TIME AND ON A REGULAR BASIS.
WASH YOUR HANDS CAREFULLY AFTER HANDLING OIL.
HAND THE OIL OVER TO OR HAVE IT COLLECTED BY THE NEAREST USED OIL RECYCLING
COMPANY OR THE SUPPLIER.
DO NOT DISPOSE OF OIL INTO THE ENVIRONMENT
KEEP OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN
Brake and clutch fluid
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Characteristics
BRAKE AND CLUTCH FLUIDS CAN DAMAGE PLASTIC OR RUBBER PAINTED SURFACES.
WHEN SERVICING THE BRAKING OR THE CLUTCH SYSTEM PROTECT THESE COMPONENTS
WITH A CLEAN CLOTH. ALWAYS WEAR PROTECTIVE GOGGLES WHEN SERVICING THE SYSTEMS. BRAKE AND CLUTCH FLUIDS ARE EXTREMELY HARMFUL FOR YOUR EYES. IN THE
EVENT OF ACCIDENTAL CONTACT WITH THE EYES, RINSE THEM IMMEDIATELY WITH ABUNDANT COLD, CLEAN WATER AND SEEK MEDICAL ADVICE IMMEDIATELY.
KEEP OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN
Battery electrolyte and hydrogen gas
CAUTION
BATTERY ELECTROLYTE IS TOXIC, CORROSIVE AND AS IT CONTAINS SULPHURIC ACID, IT
CAN CAUSE BURNS WHEN IN CONTACT WITH THE SKIN. WHEN HANDLING BATTERY ELECTROLYTE, WEAR TIGHT-FITTING GLOVES AND PROTECTIVE APPAREL. IF THE ELECTROLYTIC FLUID COMES INTO CONTACT WITH THE SKIN, RINSE WELL WITH ABUNDANT FRESH
WATER. IT IS PARTICULARLY IMPORTANT TO PROTECT YOUR EYES AS EVEN TINY
AMOUNTS OF BATTERY ACID MAY CAUSE BLINDNESS. IF THE FLUID GETS INTO CONTACT
WITH YOUR EYES, WASH WITH ABUNDANT WATER FOR FIFTEEN MINUTES AND CONSULT
AN EYE SPECIALIST IMMEDIATELY. IF THE FLUID IS ACCIDENTALLY SWALLOWED, DRINK
LARGE QUANTITIES OF WATER OR MILK, FOLLOWED BY MILK OF MAGNESIA OR VEGETABLE OIL AND SEEK MEDICAL ADVICE IMMEDIATELY. THE BATTERY RELEASES EXPLOSIVE
GASES; KEEP IT AWAY FROM FLAMES, SPARKS, CIGARETTES OR ANY OTHER HEAT
SOURCE. ENSURE ADEQUATE VENTILATION WHEN SERVICING OR RECHARGING THE BATTERY.
KEEP OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN
BATTERY LIQUID IS CORROSIVE. DO NOT POUR OR SPILL IT, PARTICULARLY ON PLASTIC
COMPONENTS. ENSURE THAT THE ELECTROLYTIC ACID IS COMPATIBLE WITH THE BATTERY TO BE ACTIVATED.
Maintenance rules
GENERAL PRECAUTIONS AND INFORMATION
When repairing, dismantling and reassembling the vehicle follow the recommendations reported below
carefully.
BEFORE DISASSEMBLING COMPONENTS
•
Before dismantling components, remove dirt, mud, dust and foreign bodies from the vehicle.
Use the special tools designed for this bike, as required.
COMPONENTS REMOVAL
•
Do not loosen and/or tighten screws and nuts using pliers or other tools other than the
especially designed wrench.
•
Mark positions on all connection joints (pipes, cables, etc.) before separating them, and
identify them with distinctive symbols.
•
Each component needs to be clearly marked in order to be identified during assembly.
•
Clean and wash the removed components carefully using a low-flammability detergent.
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Characteristics
Keep coupled parts together since they have "adjusted" to each other due to normal wear
and tear.
•
Some components must be used together or replaced altogether.
•
Keep away from heat sources.
REASSEMBLING COMPONENTS
CAUTION
BEARINGS MUST BE ABLE TO ROTATE FREELY, WITHOUT JAMMING AND/OR NOISE, OTHERWISE THEY NEED REPLACING.
•
Only use ORIGINAL Moto Guzzi SPARE PARTS.
•
Comply with lubricant and consumables usage guidelines.
•
Lubricate parts (whenever possible) before reassembling them.
•
When tightening nuts and screws, start from the ones with the largest section or from the
internal ones, moving diagonally. Tighten nuts and screws in successive steps before applying the tightening torque.
•
Always replace self-locking nuts, washers, sealing rings, circlips, O-rings, split pins and
screws with new ones if their tread is damaged.
•
When fitting bearings, make sure to lubricate them well.
•
Check that each component is fitted correctly.
•
After a repair or routine maintenance procedure, carry out pre-ride checks and test the vehicle on private grounds or in an area with low traffic density.
•
Clean all junction surfaces, oil guard rims and washers before refitting them. Smear a light
layer of lithium-based grease on the oil guard rims. Reassemble the oil guard and the bearings with the brand or lot number facing outward (visible side).
ELECTRIC CONNECTORS
Electric connectors must be disconnected as described below as non-compliance with the procedure
so described causes irreparable damage to both the connector and the cable harness:
Press the relevant safety hooks, if any.
•
Grip the two connectors and disconnect them by pulling them in opposite directions.
•
If there are signs of dirt, rust, humidity, etc., clean the connector internal parts carefully using
a pressurised air jet.
•
Make sure that the cables are correctly linked to the connector internal terminal ends.
•
Then insert the two connectors making sure that they couple correctly (if the relevant hooks
are provided, you will hear them "click" into place).
CAUTION
TO DISCONNECT THE TWO CONNECTORS, DO NOT PULL THE CABLES.
NOTE
THE TWO CONNECTORS CONNECT ONLY FROM ONE SIDE: CONNECT THEM THE RIGHT WAY
ROUND.
TIGHTENING TORQUE
CAUTION
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Characteristics
DO NOT FORGET THAT THE TIGHTENING TORQUE OF ALL FASTENING ELEMENTS ON
WHEELS, BRAKES, WHEEL SPINDLES AND OTHER SUSPENSION COMPONENTS PLAY A KEY
ROLE IN ENSURING THE VEHICLE'S SAFETY AND MUST COMPLY WITH SPECIFIED VALUES.
CHECK THE TIGHTENING TORQUE OF FASTENING PARTS ON A REGULAR BASIS AND ALWAYS USE A TORQUE WRENCH TO REASSEMBLE THESE COMPONENTS. FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH THESE RECOMMENDATIONS MAY CAUSE ONE OF THESE COMPONENTS TO GET
LOOSE AND EVEN DETACHED, THUS BLOCKING A WHEEL, OR OTHERWISE COMPROMISE
VEHICLE HANDLING. THIS CAN LEAD TO FALLS, WITH THE RISK OF SERIOUS INJURY OR
DEATH.
Running-in
Engine run-in is essential to ensure engine long life and correct operation. Twisty roads and gradients
are ideal to run in engine, brakes and suspensions effectively. Vary your driving speed during run-in.
In this way, you allow for the work of components to be "loaded" and then "unloaded", thus cooling
engine parts.
CAUTION
THE CLUTCH MAY EMIT A SLIGHT BURNING SMELL WHEN FIRST USED. THIS PHENOMENON
SHOULD BE CONSIDERED NORMAL AND WILL DISAPPEAR AS SOON AS THE CLUTCH
PLATES GET ADAPTED.
IT IS IMPORTANT TO STRAIN ENGINE COMPONENTS DURING RUN-IN, HOWEVER, MAKE SURE
NOT TO OVERDO THIS.
CAUTION
ONLY AFTER THE SERVICE AT THE END OF THE RUN-IN PERIOD CAN THE BEST PERFORMANCE OF YOUR VEHICLE BE OBTAINED.
Follow the guidelines detailed below:
•
Do not twist the throttle grip abruptly and completely when the engine is working at a low
revs, either during or after run-in.
•
During the first 100 km (62 miles) operate the brakes with caution, avoid rough and long
braking. That is to permit the adequate adjustment of the pad friction material to the brake
discs.
AFTER THE SPECIFIED MILEAGE, TAKE THE VEHICLE TO AN OFFICIAL Moto Guzzi DEALER
FOR THE CHECKS INDICATED IN THE "AFTER-RUN" TABLE IN THE SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE SECTION TO AVOID INJURING YOURSELF, OTHERS AND /OR DAMAGING THE VEHICLE.
Vehicle identification
SERIAL NUMBER POSITION
These numbers are necessary for vehicle registration.
NOTE
ALTERING IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS CAN BE SERIOUSLY PUNISHED BY LAW, PARTICULARLY MODIFYING THE CHASSIS NUMBER WILL IMMEDIATELY INVALIDATE THE WARRANTY.
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Characteristics
This number is composed by numbers and letters,
as in the example shown below.
ZGULSE000YMXXXXXX
KEY:
ZGU: WMI (World manufacturer identifier) code;
LS: model;
E00: version variation;
0: digit free
Y year of manufacture
M: production plant (M= Mandello del Lario);
XXXXXX: progressive number (6 digits);
CHASSIS NUMBER
The chassis number is stamped on the right side
of the headstock.
ENGINE NUMBER
The engine number is stamped on the left side,
close to the engine oil level check cap.
Dimensions and mass
WEIGHT AND DIMENSIONS
Specification
Length
Max. width
Maximum height
Saddle height
Minimum ground clearance
Wheelbase
Kerb weight
Desc./Quantity
2260 mm (89.0 in)
830 mm (32.68 in)
1070 mm (42.1 in)
800 mm (31.5 in)
185 mm (7.3 in)
1554 mm (61.2 in)
240 kg (529 lb)
Engine
ENGINE
Specification
Type
Cylinder quantity
Cylinder layout
Bore / stroke
Cubic capacity
Desc./Quantity
90° transversal V-twin, four stroke
2
90° V
95 x 81.2 mm (3.74 x 3.20 in)
1151 cm³ (70 cu.in.)
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Characteristics
Specification
Compression ratio
Start-up
Engine revs at idle speed
Clutch
Desc./Quantity
11: 1
electric
1100 ± 100 rpm
dry single disc with integrated hydraulic drive and anti-vibration
buffer
Lubrication system
Pressure-fed lubrication system adjusted through valves and a
trochoidal pump
Air filter
cartridge, dry
Cooling
air and oil with independent trochoidal pump and pressure regulating valve for the oil cooling system
Timing system diagram
Single overhead camshaft with valves, bowls and rocking levers
Valid values with checking clearance between rocking levers
inlet: 0.10 mm (0.0039 in)
and valve
outlet: 0.15 mm (0.0059 in)
Transmission
TRANSMISSION
Specification
Main transmission
Gearbox
Desc./Quantity
With helical teeth, ratio 26/35 = 1:1.346
Mechanical, 6 speeds with foot lever on the left hand side of
the engine
17/38 = 1 :2.2353
20/34 = 1:1.7
23/31 = 1:1.3478
26/29 = 1:1.1154
31/30 = 1:0.9677
29/25 = 1:0.8621
cardan shaft
12/44 = 1:3.6667
1st gear ratios
2nd gear ratios
3rd gear ratios
4th gear ratios
5th gear ratios
6th gear ratios
Final drive
Ratio
Capacities
CAPACITY
Specification
Engine oil
Gearbox oil
Transmission oil
Fuel (reserve included)
Fuel reserve
Fork oil
Seats
Vehicle maximum load
Desc./Quantity
Oil change and oil filter replacement: 3,500 cm³ (214 cu.in)
500 cm³ (30.5 cu in)
380 cm³ (23.2 cu in)
16.4 l (4.33 Uk gal)
3.3 l (0.87 gal)
520 ± 2.5 cm³ (31.7 ± 0.15 in) (for each stem)
2
210 kg (463 lb) (rider + passenger + luggage)
Electrical system
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Specification
Spark plug
Electrode gap
Battery
(Permanent magnet) Generator
Main fuses
Auxiliary fuses
Tail light
Low-/ High-beam light bulb (halogen)
Turn indicators
Rear tail light / stop light
Desc./Quantity
NGK PMR8B (long life)
0.6 - 0.7 mm (0.024 - 0.028 in)
12 V - 18 Ampere/hour
12V - 550W
30 A
3 A - 15 A
12V - 5 W
12 V - 55 W/ 60 W H4
12V - 10 W
LED
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Characteristics
Specification
Instrument panel lighting
License plate light
Turn indicator warning light
Gear in neutral warning light
Alarm warning light - Gear shift
Side stand down warning light
Low fuel warning light
High-beam warning light
Oil pressure warning light
Desc./Quantity
LED
12V - 5 W
LED
LED
LED
LED
LED
LED
LED
Frame and suspensions
CHASSIS
Specification
Type
Trail
Headstock angle
Front
Wheel travel
Rear
Wheel travel
Desc./Quantity
double cradle, high strength steel tube chassis
108 mm (4.25 in)
26° 30'
Hydraulic telescopic upside-down fork, Ø 43 mm (1.69 in), with
foot for radially-mounted brake calliper, adjustable spring preloading, hydraulic compression and rebound damping.
120 mm (4.72 in)
single-sided arm suspension with progressive rising-rate linkage, single shock absorber with fully adjustable compression
and rebound damping and spring preloading.
110 mm (4.33 in)
SIZES A AND B
Specification
Size A
Size B
Desc./Quantity
793.4 mm (31.24 in)
344.5 mm (13.56 in)
Brakes
BRAKES
Specification
Front
Rear
Desc./Quantity
double stainless steel floating disc, Ø 320 mm (12.6 in), wawe
type, radially-mounted callipers with 4 differentiated and counteracting plungers.
Single stainless steel disc; Ø 282 mm (11.1 in)
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Characteristics
Wheels and tyres
WHEELS AND TYRES
Specification
Type
Front wheel rim
Rear wheel rim
Tyres
Front
Inflation pressure (front)
Inflation pressure with passenger (front)
Rear
Inflation pressure (rear)
Inflation pressure with passenger (rear)
Desc./Quantity
hollow 3-spoke rim in chilled cast aluminium alloy
3.50" x 17''
5.50" x 17"
METZELER Sportec M3
120/70 - ZR 17" 58 W
2.3 bar (230 kPa) (33.4 PSI)
2.3 bar (230 kPa) (33.4 PSI)
180/55 - ZR 17" 73 W
2.5 bar (250 kPa) (36.3 PSI)
2.5 bar (250 kPa) (36.3 PSI)
Supply
FUEL SUPPLY
Specification
FUEL SUPPLY
Diffuser
Fuel
Desc./Quantity
Electronic injection (Weber . Marelli) with Stepper engine
diameter: 50 mm (1.97 in)
premium unleaded petrol, minimum octane rating of 95
(NORM) and 85 (NOMM)
Tightening Torques
HEADS
Name
Oil cap (2)
Rocking lever support nut - M10x1.5 (8)
Camshaft - rocking levers support fixing screws (12)
Head fixing screw (4) - pre-tightening
Head fixing screw (4) - final tightening
Screw fixing head to chain compartment - M6x120 (4)
Oil temperature sensor
Oil temperature sensor container
Head covers fixing screws (8)
Spark plug (2)
Torque in Nm
25 Nm (18.44 lbf ft)
15 Nm (11.06 lbf ft) + 42 Nm (30.98 lbf ft)
17 Nm (12.54 lbf ft)
15 Nm (11.06 lbf ft)
42 Nm (31 lbf ft)
10 Nm (7.38 lbf ft)
11 Nm (8.11 lbf ft) - Loctite 243
11 Nm (8.11 lbf ft) - Loctite 601
8 Nm (5.9 lbf ft)
30 Nm (22.13 lbf ft) - Molykote
CRANKCASE
Name
Crankcase stud bolt - cylinder (8)
Transmission side flange stud bolt - M8x66 (3)
Transmission side flange stud bolt - M8x75 (2)
Gear side crankshaft flange screw - TE M8x25 (8)
Timing system cover screw - TCEI M8x55 (4)
Timing system cover screw - TCEI M6x30 (10)
Oil vapour union screw - TCEI M6x20 (2)
TCEI M6x40 Screw (2)
Timing sensor - TCEI M5x12 (2)
Service shaft bearing locking screw (2)
Oil pressure sensor (1)
Screw fixing oil pressure sensor support - TCEI M10x20 (1)
Oil cap (2)
Torque in Nm
25 Nm (18.44 lbf ft)
35 Nm (25.81 lbf ft)
35 Nm (25.81 lbf ft)
26 Nm (19.18 lbf ft)
25 Nm (18.44 lbf ft)
10 Nm (7.38 lbf ft)
10 Nm (7.38 lbf ft)
10 Nm (7.38 lbf ft)
6 Nm (4.42 lbf ft)
10 Nm (7.38 lbf ft)
25 Nm (18.44 lbf ft)
18 Nm (13.28 lbf ft)
25 Nm (18.44 lbf ft)
OIL SUMP
Name
Oil pipe on sump reduction (1)
Torque in Nm
20 Nm (14.75 lbf ft)
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Characteristics
Name
Oil pipe on sump
Oil sump lower screw - TCEI M6x30 (4)
Oil sump screw - TCEI M6x55 (14)
Oil sump screw - TCEI M6x60 (2)
Oil drainage plug - M10x1 (1)
Oil filter (1)
Oil filter fitting (1)
Oil pipe in sump
Pressure-relief plug
Cap on oil sump flange (2)
Cap (1)
Torque in Nm
20 Nm (14.75 lbf ft)
10 Nm (7.38 lbf ft)
10 Nm (7.38 lbf ft)
10 Nm (7.38 lbf ft)
20 Nm (14.75 lbf ft)
15 Nm (11.06 lbf ft)
40 Nm (29.5 lbf ft) - Loctite 243
20 Nm (14.75 lbf ft) - Loctite 648
40 Nm (29.5 lbf ft)
20 Nm (14.75 lbf ft)
40 Nm (29.5 lbf ft)
CRANKSHAFT - FLYWHEEL
Name
Connecting rod screw (4) - pre-tightening
Connecting rod screw (4) - final tightening
Screw fixing clutch disc on crankshaft - M8x25 (6)
Screw fixing clutch bell on disc - M7x16 (6)
Start-up crown gear fixing screw (6)
Torque in Nm
40 Nm (29.5 lbf ft)
80 Nm (59 lbf ft)
42 Nm (30.98 lbf ft) - Loctite 243
20 Nm (14.75 lbf ft)
10 Nm (7.38 lbf ft)
OIL PUMP
Name
Oil pump fixing screws - M6x45 (3)
Oil pump gear nut - M10x1.25 (1)
Pressure-relief plug
Cooling oil intake filter fixing screw (5)
Lubrication oil intake filter fixing screw (2)
Torque in Nm
10 Nm (7.38 lbf ft)
20 Nm (14.75 lbf ft)
40 Nm (29.5 lbf ft)
10 Nm (7.38 lbf ft)
10 Nm (7.38 lbf ft)
TIMING SYSTEM
Name
Service shaft flange screw - TBEI M6x14 (2)
Timing system gear nut on service shaft - M18 (1)
Timing system gear nut on crankshaft - M25 (1)
Belt tension
Timing system upper gear TE screw (2)
Screw fixing timing system upper gear closing cap - TBEI
M5x10 (4)
Cylinder chain tensioner cap (2)
Screw fixing movable chain slider (2)
Timing system outer cover screw - TCEI M6x16 (5)
Torque in Nm
8 Nm (5.9 lbf ft)
150 Nm (110.6 lbf ft)
200 Nm (147.51 lbf ft)
50 Nm (36.88 lbf ft)
30 Nm (22.13 lbf ft)
7 Nm (5.16 lbf ft)
30 Nm (22.13 lbf ft)
25 Nm (18.44 lbf ft)
10 Nm (7.38 lbf ft)
GENERATOR
Name
Generator fixing screw - TCEI M8x45 (1)
Generator fixing nut - M10x1.5 (1)
Generator pulley nut on crankshaft - M16 (1)
Torque in Nm
22 Nm (16.23 lbf ft)
30 Nm (22.13 lbf ft)
80 Nm (59 lbf ft) - Loctite 243
GEAR
Name
Gear shift cable lever nut
Gear shift tie rod lever nut on gear pre-selector
Gearbox to crankcase fixing nut - M8 (5)
TE flanged screw fixing gearbox to crankcase - M8x45 (1)
Oil cap M18x1.5 (1)
Breather cap (1)
Gear in neutral sensor (1)
Oil drainage plug - M10x1 (1)
Transmission shaft ring nut (1)
Torque in Nm
10 Nm (7.38 lbf ft)
10 Nm (7.38 lbf ft)
20 Nm (14.75 lbf ft)
20 Nm (14.75 lbf ft)
28 Nm (20.65 lbf ft)
8 Nm (5.9 lbf ft)
10 Nm (7.38 lbf ft)
24 Nm (17.7 lbf ft)
100 Nm (73.76 lbf ft)
OIL RADIATOR
Name
Slot screw fixing oil radiator pipes - TCEI M10x20 (3)
Torque in Nm
20 Nm (14.75 lbf ft)
CHAR - 15
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Characteristics
Name
Oil radiator spacer (1)
Oil radiator fixing screws - M8x40 (3)
Screws fixing oil radiator grille - TBEI M5x12 (4)
Screws fixing oil radiator air deflector - TE M6x30 (3)
Torque in Nm
50 Nm (36.88 lbf ft)
25 Nm (18.44 lbf ft)
4 Nm (2.95 lbf ft)
10 Nm (7.38 lbf ft)
CHASSIS TO ENGINE UNIT
Name
M6x40 TCEI DA screw
Reduction
Torque in Nm
8 -12 Nm
20 Nm
FUEL SUPPLY CONTROL UNIT
Name
M5x12 TCEI screw
Stainless steel M5x16 TBEI flanged screw
M6x25 TCEI DA screw
Torque in Nm
6 -7 Nm
6 -7 Nm
8 -12 Nm
CHASSIS
Name
Front engine to chassis retainer
Transmission to chassis retainer (M12x250 + M12x230)
Right fixing plate - transmission retainer
Plate clamp - blow-by retainer
Coil plate retainer
Electronic control unit retainer
Bushings to electronic control unit retainer
Retainer for tank to chassis rear support rubber rings
Filter casing fixing bolts
Left and right footrest plate to chassis upper retainer
Left and right footrest plate to chassis lower retainer
Brake switch on plate retainer
Plate ring to plate retainer
Retainer for cable guide on right footrest plate
Torque in Nm
80 Nm
50 Nm
25 Nm
10 Nm
10 Nm
10 Nm
10 Nm
Manual
10 Nm
25 Nm
18 Nm
Manual
6 Nm
6 Nm
FOOTRESTS AND LEVERS
Name
Footrest rubber retainer
Rider footrest sliding pin - M8
Passenger footrest support to lateral plates retainer
Rider heelrest to plates retainer
Passenger heelrest retainer
Rod retainer (nut)
Gear shift lever / brake pin retainer
Gear shift lever / pre-selector retainer
Gear shift lever - brake pin retainer
Torque in Nm
10 Nm
25 Nm
38 Nm
6 Nm
3 Nm
10 Nm
10 Nm
10 Nm
15 Nm
SIDE STAND
Name
Stand plate to engine upper retainer
Stand plate to engine lower retainer
Side stand retainer pin
Switch fixing screw
Lock nut
Stand cable guide to engine retainer
Lateral lever arm retainer
Torque in Nm
50 Nm
25 Nm
10 Nm
10 Nm
30 Nm
50 Nm
10 Nm
SWING ARM
Name
Fork on bushing clamp retainer
Fork on bevel gear pair retainer
Reaction rod to bevel gear pair retainer
Reaction rod to chassis retainer
Fork bolt to fork retainer
Torque in Nm
10 Nm
50 Nm
50 Nm
50 Nm
60 Nm
CHAR - 16
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Characteristics
Name
Preloading bushing to fork bolt retainer
Torque in Nm
10 Nm
FRONT SUSPENSION
Name
Tube lock plate to steering base retainer
Fork stem on upper plate retainer
Upper and lower screws fixing fork stem on lower plate
Central screw fixing fork stem on lower plate
Headstock ring nut
Headstock counter ring nut
Upper plate fixing cover
Fork hubs closing
Torque in Nm
6 Nm
18 Nm
22 Nm
20 Nm
40 Nm
manual + 90 degrees
100 Nm
25 Nm
REAR SUSPENSION
Name
Shock absorber to chassis retainer - 8.8
Double connecting rod/shock absorber retainer - 10.9
Single connecting rod/double connecting rod retainer - 10.9
Single connecting rod to chassis retainer, 8.8
Double connecting rod/fork retainer - 10.9
Torque in Nm
50 Nm
40 Nm
50 Nm
50 Nm
50 Nm
AIR FILTER CASING
Name
Blow-by expansion tank spacer to engine retainer
Blow-by expansion tank to spacer retainer
Filter housing to chassis retainer
Torque in Nm
10 Nm
10 Nm
10 Nm
EXHAUST
Name
Exhaust pipe to engine retainer
Silencer to chassis connecting pipe retainer
Silencer to footrest support retainer
Protection to connecting pipe retainer
Lambda probe retainer
Clamp retainer
Torque in Nm
25 Nm
25 Nm
25 Nm
10 Nm
38 Nm
10 Nm
FRONT WHEEL
Name
Wheel pin nut
Disc retainer
Torque in Nm
80 Nm
30 Nm
REAR WHEEL
Name
Disc retainer
Rear wheel retainer, 10.9
Torque in Nm
25 Nm
110 Nm
FRONT BRAKING SYSTEM
Name
Front brake right and left calliper retainer
Torque in Nm
50 Nm
REAR BRAKING SYSTEM
Name
Rear brake calliper retainer
Rear brake fluid reservoir retainer
Rear brake fluid reservoir support to plate retainer
Rear brake rod lock nut
Brake pump retainer
Torque in Nm
50 Nm
3 Nm
10 Nm
manual
10 Nm
CHAR - 17
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Characteristics
HANDLEBAR AND CONTROLS
Name
Retainer for handlebar lower U-bolts on steering upper plate
Retainer for handlebar upper U-bolts
Anti-vibration weights retainer
Brake pump and clutch U-bolts retainer
Right and left light switch retainer
Clutch control cylinder to gear retainer
Rear-view mirror
Torque in Nm
50 Nm
25 Nm
10 Nm
10 Nm
1.5 Nm
10 Nm
Manual
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Name
Coil retainer
Horn retainer
Odometer sensor on bevel gear pair retainer
Torque in Nm
2 Nm
15 Nm
3 Nm
INSTRUMENT PANEL AND LIGHTS
Name
Instrument panel support to light support retainer
Instrument panel support to fork upper plate retainer
Instrument panel retainer
Light support to fork lower plate retainer
Retainer for front and rear arrows
Headlamp retainer
Rear light to tail clamp retainer
Torque in Nm
10 Nm
10 Nm
3 Nm
25 Nm
10 Nm
15 Nm
3 Nm
FUEL PUMP FLANGE
Name
Pump support to tank retainer
Tank breather joint
Torque in Nm
6 Nm
6 Nm
FUEL TANK
Name
Filler to tank retainer
Cap ring nut to tank retainer
Screws on cap ring nut (aesthetic)
Tank to chassis front retainer
Battery housing and tank to chassis rear retainer
Torque in Nm
5 Nm
5 Nm
5 Nm
10 Nm
6 Nm
CHASSIS / FAIRINGS (FRONT)
Name
Front mudguard retainer
Control unit protection retainer
Deflectors to chassis front upper retainer
Deflectors to chassis front lower retainer
Deflectors to chassis rear retainer
Retainer fixing the deflectors to deflector clamp
Torque in Nm
6 Nm
6 Nm
Manual
Manual
Manual
Manual
CHASSIS/ FAIRINGS (REAR)
Name
reflector to support retainer
Retroreflector support to license plate holder retainer
License plate holder and light support retainer
License plate holder to lower clamp retainer
Tail section to chassis lower clamp retainer
Fuse bracket and relay support retainer
Torque in Nm
4 Nm
4 Nm
4 Nm
manual
25 Nm
4 Nm
FINISHINGS
Name
Ignition lock retainer - shear head screw
Torque in Nm
- Nm
CHAR - 18
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Characteristics
Overhaul data
Assembly clearances
Cylinder - piston assy.
Measurement of the cylinder diameter must be done at three heights, turning the dial gauge 90°.
Check that cylinders and pistons are of the same selection types (D, E, F).
Check clearance between cylinders and pistons on the selected diameter; if it exceeds the value specified, it is necessary to replace cylinders and pistons.
The pistons of an engine must be balanced; a weight difference of up to 1.5 g (0.0033 lb) is allowed.
PISTON - CYLINDER SELECTION TYPES
Specification
Piston diameter - selection D
Cylinder diameter - selection D
Piston diameter - selection E
Cylinder diameter - selection E
Piston diameter - selection F
Cylinder diameter - selection F
Desc./Quantity
94.935 - 94.945 mm (3.73759 - 3.73798 in)
95.000 - 95.010 mm (3.74015 - 3.74054 in)
94.945 - 94.955 mm (3.73798 - 3.73837 in)
95.010 - 95.020 mm (3.74054 - 3.74093 in)
94.955 - 94.965 mm (3.73837 - 3.73877 in)
95.020 - 95.030 mm (3.74093 - 3.74133 in)
PIN - PISTON COUPLING
Specification
Pin diameter
Pin hole diameter on piston
Clearance between pin and holes on piston
Desc./Quantity
21.998 - 21.994 mm (0.86606 - 0.86590 in)
22.016 - 22.011 mm (0.86677 - 0.86657 in)
0.013 - 0.022 mm (0.00051 - 0.00087 in)
CHAR - 19
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Characteristics
Piston rings
On each piston there are:
•
1 top piston ring;
•
1 middle piston ring;
•
1 oil scraper piston ring.
Turn the rings so that the coupling ends are 120 degrees from each other.
CLEARANCE BETWEEN PISTON RINGS AND SEATS ON PISTON
Specification
Top ring
Middle ring
Oil scraper ring
Desc./Quantity
0.030 - 0.065 mm (0.00118 - 0.00256 in)
0.020 - 0.055 mm (0.00079 - 0.00216 in)
0.010 - 0.045 mm (0.00039 - 0.00177 in)
Gap between the end of the piston rings inserted in the cylinder:
•
Top and middle piston ring: 0.40 - 0.65 mm (0.00158 - 0.00255 in)
•
Oil scraper piston ring: 0.30 - 0.60 mm (0.00118 - 0.00236 in).
Crankcase - crankshaft - connecting rod
CRANKSHAFT SEAT (TIMING SYSTEM SIDE)
Specification
Diameter of crankshaft main journal, timing system side
Inside diameter of crankshaft bushing, timing system side
Clearance between bushing and main journal (timing system
side)
Desc./Quantity
37.975 - 37.959 mm (1.49507 - 1.49444 in)
38.016 - 38.0 mm (1.49669 - 1.49606 in)
0.025 - 0.057 mm (0.00098 - 0.00224 in)
CRANKSHAFT SEAT ( CLUTCH SIDE)
Specification
Diameter of crankshaft main journal, clutch side
Inside diameter of crankshaft bushing on clutch-side flange
Clearance between bushing and main journal (clutch side)
Desc./Quantity
53.97 - 53.961 mm (2.12480 - 2.12444 in)
54.019 - 54.0 mm (2.12673 - 2.12598 in)
0.030 - 0.058 mm (0.00118 - 0.00228 in)
Slot packing system
•
Fit both pistons on the connecting rods.
•
Working from both sides, fit the gasket
between the crankcase and the cylinder on the crankcase.
•
Fit both cylinders.
•
Take the left cylinder piston to TDC and
lock crankshaft rotation.
Specific tooling
020675Y Service shaft gear lock
CHAR - 20
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Characteristics
Thoroughly clean the upper surface of
both cylinders.
•
Place the tool on the left cylinder to determine the "squish" (X).
•
Fasten the tool with the nuts of the stud
bolts.
Specific tooling
020676Y Comparator support for piston position checking
•
Reset the micrometer on the cylinder rim.
•
Move the tool so that the micrometer feeler reaches the top point of the piston crown.
•
Take note of the measurement and, according to the values found, consult the chart at the
bottom of the page to decide the thickness of the gasket to be fitted between cylinder and
head.
•
Unlock crankshaft rotation.
•
Rotate the crankshaft by 90°until the right cylinder piston reaches the TDC.
•
Lock crankshaft rotation.
•
Place the tool on the right cylinder stud bolts to determine the "squish" (X).
Specific tooling
020676Y Comparator support for piston position checking
•
Repeat the same operations to determine the thickness of the left cylinder gasket between
cylinder and head also for the right cylinder .
CYLINDER GASKET THICKNESS - HEAD
Specification
Value (X) -0.56 / -0.37 mm (-0.022 / -0.0146 in)
Value (X) -0.37 / -0.19 mm (-0.0146 / -0.0075 in)
Value (X) -0.19 / 0 mm (-0.0075 / 0 in)
Desc./Quantity
gasket thickness: 0.65 mm (0.0256 in)
gasket thickness: 0.85 mm (0.0335 in)
gasket thickness: 1.05 mm (0.0413 in)
CHAR - 21
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Characteristics
Recommended products chart
RECOMMENDED PRODUCTS
Product
AGIP RACING 4T 10W-60
AGIP GEAR SAE 80 W 90
AGIP GEAR MG/S SAE 85 W 90
AGIP FORK 7.5W
AGIP GREASE SM2
Neutral grease or petroleum jelly.
AGIP BRAKE 4 / BRAKE 5.1
AGIP BRAKE 4 / BRAKE 5.1
Description
Engine oil
Specifications
SAE 10W - 60. As an alternative for recommended oils, use top-branded oils that
meet or exceed the requirements of
CCMC G-4 API SG specifications.
SAE 5W / SAE 20W
NLGI 2
Transmission oil
Gearbox oil
Fork oil
Lithium grease with molybdenum for
bearings and other points needing lubrication
Battery poles
Brake fluid
As an alternative for recommended fluids
use top-branded fluids that meet or exceed the requirements of SAE J1703,
NHTSA 116 DOT 4, ISO 4925 Synthetic
fluid specifications.
Clutch fluid
As an alternative for recommended fluids
use top-branded fluids that meet or exceed the requirements of SAE J1703,
NHTSA 116 DOT 4, ISO 4925 Synthetic
fluid specifications.
CHAR - 22
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INDEX OF TOPICS
SPECIAL TOOLS
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S-TOOLS
GRISO 8V - 1200
Special tools
SPECIAL TOOLS
Stores code
020677Y
Description
Alternator belt tensioner
05.91.17.30
Front cover insertion cone
020716Y
Connecting rod locking
020470Y
Pin snap ring fitting tool
05.92.72.30
Timing system cover sealing ring punch
01.92.91.00
Wrench for removing the cover on sump
and filter
S-TOOLS - 24
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Special tools
Stores code
05.90.25.30
Description
Gearbox support
19.92.96.00
Graduated dial to control ignition timing
17.94.75.60
Arrow to control ignition timing
12.91.18.01
Tool to lock flywheel and start-up crown
gear
12.91.36.00
Tool to remove the flywheel-side flange
AP8140179
Support for valve fitting/removal
AP9100838
Tool for valve pressure plate
S-TOOLS - 25
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Special tools
Stores code
14.92.71.00
Description
Tool to fit the sealing ring on the flywheelside flange
12.91.20.00
Tool to fit the flywheel-side flange together with sealing ring on the crankshaft
19.92.71.00
Tool to fit the sealing ring on the flywheelside flange
020673Y
Graduated dial hub
020672Y
Clutch spring centre and pusher
020674Y
Piston ring clamp
020675Y
Service shaft gear lock
S-TOOLS - 26
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Special tools
Stores code
020676Y
Description
Comparator support for piston position
checking
020678Y
Tool for clutch rod checking
05.91.26.30
Tool for tightening the fork pin ring nut clutch hub
AP8140190
Tool for steering tightening
05.90.27.30
Gearbox support
05.90.27.31
Gearbox oil seal buffer
05.90.27.32
Buffer handgrip
S-TOOLS - 27
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Special tools
Stores code
05.90.27.33
Description
Ball joint sealing buffer
05.90.27.34
Wrench for pinion ring nut
05.90.27.35
Pinion oil seal buffer
05.90.27.36
Bevel gear pair support
AP8140145
fitting tool for Ø 41 mm sealing rings
AP8140146
Weight
AP8140147
Spacer tool
S-TOOLS - 28
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Special tools
Stores code
AP8140148
Description
Spacer-pumping element separating
plate
AP8140149
Protection for fitting operations
AP8140150
Perforated rod for pumping member air
bleed
AP8140151
Complete tool kit for fork
S-TOOLS - 29
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INDEX OF TOPICS
MAINTENANCE
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MAIN
GRISO 8V - 1200
Maintenance
Maintenance chart
NOTE
CARRY OUT THE MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS AT HALF THE INTERVALS SHOWN IF THE VEHICLE IS USED IN WET OR DUSTY AREAS, OFF ROAD OR FOR SPORTS APPLICATIONS.
AT EVERY START-UP
Action
Engine oil pressure warning light - check and clean, adjust, grease or replace if necessary
BEFORE EACH RIDE AND EVERY 2000 KM (1250 MI)
Action
Tyre pressure - Adjust
Brake pad wear - Check and clean, adjust or replace if necessary
AFTER RUN-IN (1,500 KM (932 MI)
Action
Exhaust pipe flange bolts - Check and clean, adjust, grease or replace if necessary
Transmission cables and controls - Check and clean, adjust, grease or replace if necessary
Steering bearings and steering clearance - Check and clean, adjust, grease or replace if necessary.
Disc brakes - Check and clean, adjust or replace if necessary
Engine oil filter - Replace
Fork - Check and clean, adjust and lubricate
General vehicle operation - Check and clean, adjust, grease or replace if necessary.
Braking systems - Check and clean, adjust, grease or replace if necessary
Light circuit - Check and clean, adjust or replace if necessary
Safety switches - Check and clean, adjust, grease or replace if necessary
Gearbox oil - Change
Engine oil - Change
Final transmission oil - Change
Tyres - Check and clean, adjust, grease or replace if necessary
Tyre pressure - Adjust
Engine revs at idle speed - Adjustment.
Valve clearance adjustment - Adjust
Wheels - Check and clean, adjust, grease or replace if necessary
Bolts, nuts and screws tightening - Check and clean, adjust, grease or replace if necessary
Battery terminals tightening - Check and clean, adjust, grease or replace if necessary
Cylinder synchronisation - Check and clean, adjust, grease or replace if necessary
Suspensions and setting - Check and clean, adjust, grease or replace if necessary
Brake pad wear - Check and clean, adjust or replace if necessary
EVERY 4 YEARS
Action
Fuel pipes - Replace
Brake pipes - Replacement
EVERY 5000 KM (3125 MI) - IF THE VEHICLE IS USED FOR RACING
Action
Spark plugs - Replace
Engine oil filter - Replace
Engine oil - Change
Purge fluid present in oil drainage pipe from the filter housing - Clean
Clutch wear - Check and clean, adjust, grease or replace if necessary
EVERY 10,000 KM (6250 MI) OR 12 MONTHS
Action
Spark plugs - Replace
Idle mixture (CO) - Check and clean, adjust, grease or replace if necessary
Transmission cables and controls - Check and clean, adjust, grease or replace if necessary
Steering bearings and steering clearance - Check and clean, adjust, grease or replace if necessary.
MAIN - 31
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Maintenance
Action
Wheel bearings - Check and clean, adjust, grease or replace if necessary
Disc brakes - Check and clean, adjust or replace if necessary
Air filter - Check and clean, adjust, grease or replace if necessary
Engine oil filter - Replace
General vehicle operation - Check and clean, adjust, grease or replace if necessary.
Braking systems - Check and clean, adjust, grease or replace if necessary
Gearbox oil - Change
Engine oil - Change
Final transmission oil - Change
Valve clearance adjustment - Adjust
Wheels - Check and clean, adjust, grease or replace if necessary
Bolts, nuts and screws tightening - Check and clean, adjust, grease or replace if necessary
Cylinder synchronisation - Check and clean, adjust, grease or replace if necessary
Purge fluid present in oil drainage pipe from the filter housing - Clean
Fuel pipes - Check and clean, adjust, grease or replace if necessary
Brake pipes - Check and clean, adjust, grease or replace if necessary
Clutch wear - Check and clean, adjust, grease or replace if necessary
AFTER THE FIRST 10,000 KM (6,250 MILES) AND THEN AFTER EVERY 20,000 KM (12,500
MILES)
Action
Fork oil - Change
Fork oil seals - Replace
EVERY 20,000 KM (12,500 MI) OR 24 MONTHS
Action
Alternator belt - Adjust; EVERY 50,000 km (31,050 mi)
Air filter - Replace
Fork - Check and clean, adjust and lubricate
Brake fluid - Change
Suspensions and setting - Check and clean, adjust, grease or replace if necessary
Brake pad wear - Check and clean, adjust or replace if necessary
Transmission fluid
Check
• Keep the vehicle upright with both wheels on the
ground.
• Unscrew and remove the cap/dipstick (1).
• The level is correct if the oil is close to the hole
of the cap/dipstick (1).
• If the oil is lower than specified, top-up until it
reaches the cap/dipstick hole (1).
CAUTION
DO NOT ADD ADDITIVES OR ANY OTHER SUBSTANCE TO
THE FLUID. WHEN USING A FUNNEL OR ANY OTHER ELEMENT, MAKE SURE IT IS PERFECTLY CLEAN.
Replacement
CAUTION
MAIN - 32
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Maintenance
THE UNIT MUST BE HOT WHEN THE OIL IS CHANGED AS UNDER SUCH CONDITIONS OIL IS
FLUID AND THEREFORE EASY TO DRAIN.
NOTE
RIDE SOME km (miles) TO WARM UP ENGINE OIL
•
Place a container with + 400 cm³ (25 cu in) capacity under the drainage plug (3).
•
Unscrew and remove the drainage plug (3).
•
Unscrew and remove the breather cap (2).
•
Drain the oil into the container; allow several minutes for oil to drain out completely.
•
Check and if necessary, replace the sealing washer of drainage plug (3).
•
Remove any metal scrap attached to the drainage plug (3) magnet.
•
Screw and tighten the drainage plug (3).
•
Pour new oil through the fill opening (1) until it reaches the cap/dipstick hole (1).
CAUTION
DO NOT ADD ADDITIVES OR ANY OTHER SUBSTANCE TO THE FLUID. WHEN USING A FUNNEL
OR ANY OTHER ELEMENT, MAKE SURE IT IS PERFECTLY CLEAN.
•
Screw and tighten the caps (1 - 2).
Engine oil
Check
CAUTION
ENGINE MUST BE WARM TO CHECK ENGINE OIL LEVEL
NOTE
DO NOT LET THE ENGINE IDLE WITH THE VEHICLE AT STANDSTILL TO WARM UP THE ENGINE
AND REACH THE OPERATING TEMPERATURE OF ENGINE OIL. OIL IS BEST CHECKED AFTER
RUNNING FOR ABOUT 15 KM (10 miles).
MAIN - 33
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Maintenance
•
Shut off the engine.
•
Keep the vehicle upright with the two
wheels on the ground.
•
Unscrew and remove the dipstick (1).
•
Clean the dipstick (1).
•
Reinsert the dipstick (1) into the opening but do not screw it.
•
Remove the dipstick (1).
•
Check oil level on the dipstick (1).
•
The oil level is correct when it close to
the "MAX" mark.
MAX = maximum level
MIN = minimum level
Add engine oil if required:
•
Unscrew and remove the dipstick (1).
•
Top-up with engine oil until it goes
above the minimum level marked
"MIN".
CAUTION
DO NOT ADD ADDITIVES OR OTHER SUBSTANCES TO THE OIL. WHEN USING A FUNNEL OR
ANY OTHER ELEMENT, MAKE SURE IT IS PERFECTLY CLEAN.
Replacement
NOTE
HOT OIL IS MORE FLUID AND WILL DRAIN OUT MORE EASILY AND COMPLETELY.
•
Place a container with + 4000 cm³ (245
cu in) capacity under the drainage plug
(2).
•
Unscrew and remove the drainage
plug (2).
MAIN - 34
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Unscrew and remove the filler plug (1).
•
Drain the oil into the container; allow
Maintenance
several minutes for oil to drain out completely.
•
Check and if necessary, replace the
sealing washers of drainage plug (2).
•
Remove any metal scrap attached to
the drainage plug (2) magnet.
•
Screw and tighten the drainage plug
(2).
•
Pour new engine oil until it goes above
the minimum level marked "MIN".
•
Screw the filler cap (1).
Engine oil filter
Replace the engine oil filter each time you
change the engine oil.
•
Drain off the engine oil completely.
•
Unscrew and remove the engine oil filter from its seat.
NOTE
NEVER REUSE A FILTER.
•
Spread a thin layer of oil on the sealing ring of the new engine oil filter.
•
Fit and screw the new oil filter in its seat.
See also
Replacement
Gearbox Oil
Inspection
CHECKING AND TOPPING UP
CAUTION
ENGINE MUST BE WARM TO CHECK GEARBOX OIL LEVEL.
NOTE
DO NOT LET THE ENGINE IDLE WITH THE VEHICLE AT STANDSTILL TO WARM UP THE ENGINE
AND REACH THE OPERATING TEMPERATURE OF ENGINE OIL. OIL IS BEST CHECKED AFTER
RUNNING FOR ABOUT 15 KM (10 miles).
MAIN - 35
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Maintenance
•
Shut off the engine.
•
Keep the vehicle upright with both
wheels on the ground.
•
Unscrew and remove the cap/dipstick
(1) placed on the gearbox right side.
•
• The level is correct if the oil is on the
rim of the hole of the cap/dipstick (1).
If necessary:
•
Top-up with oil until it reaches the dipstick opening (1).
CAUTION
DO NOT ADD ADDITIVES OR ANY OTHER SUBSTANCE TO
THE FLUID. WHEN USING A FUNNEL OR ANY OTHER ELEMENT, MAKE SURE IT IS PERFECTLY CLEAN.
Replacement
NOTE
HOT OIL IS MORE FLUID AND WILL DRAIN OUT MORE EASILY AND COMPLETELY.
• Place a container with suitable capacity under the
drainage plug (2).
• Unscrew and remove the drainage plug (2).
• Unscrew and remove the filler cap (1).
• Drain the oil into the container; allow several minutes for oil to drain out completely.
• Check and replace, if necessary, the sealing
washers of drainage plug (2).
• Remove any metal scrap attached to the drainage plug (2) magnet.
• Screw and tighten the drainage plug (2).
• Pour in new oil until it reaches the dipstick opening (1).
• Tighten the filler cap (1).
CAUTION
DO NOT ADD ADDITIVES OR ANY OTHER SUBSTANCE TO
THE FLUID. WHEN USING A FUNNEL OR ANY OTHER ELEMENT, MAKE SURE IT IS PERFECTLY CLEAN.
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Maintenance
Air filter
•
Disconnect the air temperature sensor
connector.
•
Slide off and remove the main fuse box
from its holder.
•
Undo and remove the six screws.
•
Lift the filter housing cover.
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Maintenance
•
Remove the air filter frame.
•
Remove the air filter.
•
Cover the inlet duct with a clean cloth
so that no foreign bodies get into the
inlet ducts.
DO NOT START THE ENGINE WITHOUT THE AIR FILTER.
TO CLEAN THE FILTERING ELEMENT, USE A PRESSURE
AIR JET FROM THE INSIDE TO THE OUTSIDE.
Checking the valve clearance
If the timing system is very noisy, check the clearance between the valves and the rocking levers.
NOTE
ADJUST WITH COLD ENGINE, WITH PISTON AT TOP DEAD CENTRE (TDC) IN COMPRESSION
STROKE (VALVES CLOSED).
•
Disconnect both spark plug tubes.
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•
Maintenance
Undo and remove the four head cover
fixing screws and collect the sealing Orings.
•
Remove the head cover together with
the gasket.
•
Loosen the nut (1).
•
Use a screwdriver to act on the set
screw (2) until the following clearances
are obtained:
Inlet valve: 0.10 mm (0.0039 in)
Outlet valve: 0.15 mm (0.0059 in)
•
The measurement must be done using
a special thickness gauge .
CAUTION
IF CLEARANCE IS LARGER THAN RECOMMENDED, THE
TAPPET WILL BE NOISY. OTHERWISE, THE VALVES DO
NOT CLOSE CORRECTLY, WHICH CAN LEAD TO PROBLEMS SUCH AS:
•
PRESSURE DROP;
•
ENGINE OVERHEAT;
•
VALVE BURNOUT, ETC.
Braking system
Level check
Brake fluid check
•
Place the vehicle on the service stand.
•
For the front brake, turn the handlebar fully to the right.
•
For the rear brake, keep the vehicle upright so that the fluid in the reservoir is at the same
level with the plug.
•
Make sure that the fluid level in the reservoir is above the "MIN" reference mark:
MIN = minimum level
MAX = maximum level
If the fluid does not reach at least the "MIN" reference mark:
•
Check brake pads and disc for wear.
•
If the pads and/or the disc do not need replacing, top-up the fluid.
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Maintenance
Top-up
Front brake:
•
Undo the two screws (1) of the brake
fluid reservoir (2) using a Phillips
screwdriver.
•
Lift and remove the cover (3) and
screws (1) as well.
•
Remove the gasket (4).
Rear brake:
•
Unscrew and remove the cap (5).
•
Remove the gasket (6).
•
Top-up the reservoir with brake fluid to
the correct level, which is between the
two "MIN" and "MAX" reference marks.
RISK OF BRAKE FLUID SPILLS. DO NOT OPERATE THE
BRAKE LEVER WITH BRAKE FLUID RESERVOIR CAP
LOOSENED OR REMOVED.
AVOID PROLONGED AIR EXPOSURE OF THE BRAKE
FLUID. BRAKE FLUID IS HYGROSCOPIC AND ABSORBS
MOISTURE WHEN IN CONTACT WITH AIR. LEAVE THE
BRAKE FLUID RESERVOIR OPEN ONLY FOR THE TIME
NEEDED TO COMPLETE THE TOPPING UP PROCEDURE.
TO AVOID SPILLING FLUID WHILE TOPPING-UP, KEEP
THE TANK PARALLEL TO THE RESERVOIR EDGE (IN
HORIZONTAL POSITION).
DO NOT ADD ADDITIVES OR OTHER SUBSTANCES TO
THE FLUID.
WHEN USING A FUNNEL OR ANY OTHER ELEMENT,
MAKE SURE IT IS PERFECTLY CLEAN.
DO NOT EXCEED THE "MAX" LEVEL MARK WHEN TOPPING UP.
TOP-UP TO "MAX" LEVEL MARK ONLY WHEN BRAKE
PADS ARE NEW. WHEN TOPPING UP DO NOT EXCEED
THE "MAX" LEVEL MARK WHEN BRAKE PADS ARE
WORN AS YOU RISK SPILLING FLUID WHEN CHANGING
THE BRAKE PADS.
CHECK BRAKING EFFICIENCY. IN CASE OF EXCESSIVE
TRAVEL OF THE BRAKE LEVER OR POOR PERFORMANCE OF THE BRAKING SYSTEM, TAKE YOUR VEHICLE
TO AN Official Moto Guzzi Dealer, AS IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO PURGE THE AIR IN THE SYSTEM.
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Maintenance
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INDEX OF TOPICS
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
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ELE SYS
GRISO 8V - 1200
Electrical system
Components arrangement
Key:
1 Coil
2 Instrument panel
3 Fuel pump
4 Injector
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GRISO 8V - 1200
5 Throttle valve potentiometer
6 Fall sensor
7 Rear light
8 Main fuses
9 Lambda probe
10 Battery
11 Starter motor
12 Intake air temperature sensor
13 Engine revolution sensor
14 Head temperature sensor
15 Engine control unit
16 Instrument panel air temperature sensor
17 Front headlamp
18 Alternator
19 Oil pressure sensor
20 Speed sensor
21 Auxiliary fuses
Electrical system installation
INTRODUCTION
Scope and applicability
The position of the cable harnesses, how they are fixed to the motorcycle and potential problems are
defined on the following sections in order to reach the objectives of vehicle reliability.
Vehicle sections
The wiring distribution is subdivided in three essential sections, as indicated in the figure.
1. Front section
2. Central section
3. Rear section
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Electrical system
Central part
TABLE A - LAMBDA PROBE
•
Fasten the lambda probe cable harness to the chassis but do not tauten it.
TABLE A1 - LAMBDA PROBE
•
Fasten the lambda probe cable harness to the engine oil breather pipe but
do not tauten it.
TABLE B - SIDE STAND SENSOR
•
Fasten the side stand sensor cable
harness to the stand plate using two
clamps.
TABLE B1 - SIDE STAND SENSOR AND TIMING SENSOR
•
Fasten the side stand sensor cable
harness and the timing sensor cable
harness to the chassis using one
clamp.
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Electrical system
GRISO 8V - 1200
General wiring diagram
Key:
1. Multiple connectors
2. Start-up relay
3. Maintenance relay
4. Clutch switch
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Electrical system
5. Right light switch
6. Light relay
7. GPS coupling
8. Horn
9. Left light switch
10.Instrument panel air temperature thermistor
11.Instrument panel
12.Instrument panel diagnosis
13.Key switch
14.Immobilizer aerial
15.Right rear turn indicator
16.Rear light (LED)
17.Left rear turn indicator
18.License plate light
19.Rear stop switch
20.Front stop switch
21.(ECU) Diagnosis connector
22.Auxiliary fuses
23.Main fuses
24.Starter motor
25.Battery
26.27.Alternator
28.Main injection relay
29.Secondary injection relay
30.Oil pressure bulb
31.Gear in neutral switch
32.Lambda Probe
33.Side stand switch
34.Fuel reserve sensor
35.Fuel pump
36.Intake air temperature thermistor
37.Head temperature thermistor
38.Automatic air
39.Throttle sensor
40.41.Right cylinder spark plug
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Electrical system
GRISO 8V - 1200
43.Left cylinder spark plug
44.Right cylinder coil
45.Left cylinder coil
46.Right cylinder injector
47.Left cylinder injector
48.Speed sensor
49.Fall sensor
50.Flywheel pick up
51.Pick-up wire shielding
52.ECU
53.Left front turn indicator
54.Tail light bulb
55.High-/low-beam bulb
56.Front headlamp
57.Right front turn indicator
Cable colour:
Ar orange
Az sky blue
B blue
Bi white
G yellow
Gr grey
M brown
N black
R red
Ro pink
V green
Vi purple
Checks and inspections
Dashboard
Diagnosis
Changing the CODE
If you know the code, just enter it and then a new code that will be automatically stored in the memory.
If the vehicle is new, the user code is: 00000
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Electrical system
Resetting the CODE
This function is used to set a new code when the old one is not available; in this case, at least two of
the programmed keys have to be inserted in the ignition lock.
After the first key has been inserted, the second one is requested with the following message:
INSERT KEY II
If the second key is not inserted within 20 seconds, the operation is finished.
After recognising the second key, the new code is required with the message:
ENTER NEW CODE
Once the operation is finished, the instrument panel goes back to the SET-UP menu.
DIAGNOSIS
Access to this menu (diagnosis functions), for the technical service only, after requesting a service code.
It will read: ENTER THE SERVICE CODE This vehicle code is: 12425
The functions in this menu are
•
Exit
•
ECU diagnosis
•
Instrument Panel Errors
•
Delete errors
•
Reset Service
•
Update
•
Change Keys
•
km / Miles
ECU ERRORS
The instrument panel receives only the current errors from the control unit.
Description Error code
Throttle Valve Error DC V DC ECU 10
Throttle Valve Error DC Gnd ECU 11
Engine Temperature Error DC V DC ECU 14
Engine Temperature Error DC Gnd ECU 15
Air Temperature Error DC V DC ECU 16
Air Temperature Error DC Gnd ECU 17
Low Battery Error ECU 20
Lambda Probe Error ECU 21
Coil 1 Error DC V DC ECU 22
Coil 1 Error DC Gnd ECU 23
Coil 2 Error DC V DC ECU 24
Coil 2 Error DC Gnd ECU 25
Injector 1 Error DC V DC ECU 26
Injector 1 Error DC Gnd ECU 27
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Injector 2 Error DC V DC ECU 30
Pump Relay Error ECU 36
Local Loopback Error ECU 37
Start-up Remote Error DC V DC ECU 44
Remote Error Start-up DC Gnd ECU 45
Canister Error DC V DC ECU 46
Canister Error DC Gnd ECU 47
Battery Error Hig ECU 50
Generic ECU Error ECU 51
Rpm Sensor Error ECU 54
Self-adaptability Value Error ECU 55
Vehicle Speed Error ECU 56
Stepper Error AC ECU 60
Stepper Error DC V DC ECU 61
Stepper Error DC Gnd ECU 62
Not recognised error ECU 00
INSTRUMENT PANEL ERRORS
In this mode a chart is displayed showing potential errors in the immobilizer and its sensors.
This is the error decoding chart:
Description: Immobilizer failure: Key code read but not recognised. Error code: DSB 01
Description: Immobilizer failure: Key code not read (Key not inserted or transponder broken) Error code:
DSB 02
Description: Immobilizer failure: Aerial not working (Open or short-circuited). Error code: DSB 03
Description: Immobilizer failure: Internal controller failure. Error code: DSB 04
Description: - Error code: DSB 05
Description: Air temperature sensor failure. Error code: DSB 06
Description: Oil sensor failure. Error code: DSB 07
Description: Oil pressure failure. Error code: DSB 08
The instrument panel keeps all previous errors stored in its memory.
ERROR CLEARING
This option deletes instrument panel errors only, a further confirmation is requested.
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Electrical system
INSTRUMENT PANEL SOFTWARE UPGRADE
This function is used to program the instrument
panel again with a new software through Axone.
The Display reads: "Instrument panel disconnected. Now connect the diagnosis instrument"; the
instrument panel will connect normally after the
key is extracted-inserted.
The white connector is placed under the saddle,
beside the fuse box, close to the diagnosis connector for the injection system.
Use the Ditech connector in the Axone 2000 Aprilia-Moto Guzzi package to connect to the Axone
cable.
KEY CHANGE FUNCTION
This function can be used:
1) if one key is lost; the dealer can disable this key;
2) to activate up to 4 keys;
3) should a new key lock be necessary and thus program the new set of keys.
In the first phase the user code must be entered and, after confirming the inserted key (key I) has been
programmed, the other keys must be entered too.
The procedure finishes once the 4 keys have been programmed or after 20 seconds.
Should a new key lock be necessary, the procedure is: once the key is set to ON but the instrument
panel does not recognise it, the user code is requested: enter the user code.
Now enter MENU, DIAGNOSIS (entering the service code), KEY CHANGE and program the new keys.
Battery recharge circuit
Checking the stator
Single-phase generator with regulated voltage
Maximum load 40A (550W)
Charging voltage 14.2 - 14.8 V (5000 rpm)
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Start-up system check
pick-up input about 100 A
level indicators
Petrol pump:
Input: 3.5 A (to be measured between pins 1 and
2 with 12V voltage)
Fuel level sensor:
Resistance (to be measured between pins 3 and
4)
250-300 Ohm with fuel level equal to 0 litre
100 Ohm with fuel level equal to 11.25 litres (20.43
pt)
10-20 Ohm with fuel level equal to 22.5 litres
(40.86 pt)
The low fuel warning light turns on with values over
230 Ohm.
In case there is anomaly on the fuel probe, the low fuel warning light flashes on the instrument panel.
The alarm warning light on the instrument panel does not light up and the word Service is not displayed.
Lights list
FRONT HEADLAMP
Tail light: 12V - 5W
Low-beam light: 12V - 55W
High-beam light: 12 V - 60 W H4
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Electrical system
REAR LIGHT
LED
Fuses
AUXILIARY FUSES
A - Stop, horn, lights, coil, light relay (15 A).
B - Tail lights, license plate light, passing, ignition
relay (15 A).
C - Fuel pump, coils, injectors (15 A).
D - Lambda burner, secondary injection relay coil,
start-up relay coil, speed sensor power supply,
ECU control unit power supply, engine kill (15 A).
E - Permanent positive, ECU power supply (3A).
MAIN FUSES
1 - From battery to voltage regulator (30 A).
2 - From battery to key and auxiliary fuses C - D
(30 A).
NOTE
THERE IS ONE SPARE FUSE.
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Control unit
Model: Magneti Marelli IAW 5 AM2
BROWN connector pin configuration
Pin Use
1 Not used
2 Not used
3 Ignition potentiometer signal
4 Not used
5 Engine temperature signal
6 Not used
7 Not used
8 Not used
9 Stepper motor (+)
10 Right cylinder coil control
11 Not used
12 Not used
13 Not used
14 Air temperature signal
15 Not used
16 Not used
17 Stepper motor (+)
18 Stepper motor (-)
19 Stepper motor (-)
20 5V power supply (NTC sensors)
21 Not used
22 Not used
23 Neutral sensor signal
24 Not used
25 Engine revolution sensor signal
26 Not used
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Electrical system
27 Not used
28 Left cylinder injector control
29 Ignition potentiometer power supply
30 Not used
31 Not used
32 Ignition potentiometer negative
33 Not used
34 Revolution sensor anti-jamming cable
35 Engine revolution sensor signal
36 Not used
37 Right cylinder injector control
38 Left cylinder coil control
BLUE connector pin configuration
Pin Use
1 Pin 85 ignition relay control
2 Not used
3 Not used
4 Power supply protected from instrument panel
5 Not used
6 Pin 86 auxiliary relay control
7 Immobilizer line
8 Pin 85 ignition relay control
9 Not used
10 Not used
11 Oxygen probe negative control
12 Not used
13 Not used
14 Not used
15 Not used
16 K line (diagnosis)
17 Power supply from main relay
18 Not used
19 Not used
20 CAN - H line (ccm/instrument panel)
21 Not used
22 Oxygen probe signal
23 Not used
24 Vehicle speed signal input
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GRISO 8V - 1200
25 Not used
26 Not used
27 "Engine stop" signal input
28 Ignition signal input
29 CAN - L line (ccm/instrument panel)
30 Not used
31 Not used
32 Oxygen probe power supply
33 Clutch sensor signal
34 Not used
35 Fall sensor signal
36 Not used
37 Not used
38 Side stand sensor signal
Battery
12 V - 18 Ampere/hour
Speed sensor
Function
To indicate the vehicle speed by reading the rear
wheel turning speed.
Operation / Operating principle
HALL effect sensor: a square-wave pulse is generated with voltage between 12 V and 0.3-0.4V
approx.
Level in wiring diagram:
Speed sensor
Location:
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Electrical system
sensor: on swingarm, right side, near
the rear brake calliper
•
connector: under the saddle, next to
the right fairing
Pin-out:
•
PINS 1-3 Voltage: approx. 12 V
•
PINS 2-3 Voltage: variable 0.4V-12V
(by turning the rear wheel)
PIN:
1. Supply voltage (green)
2. Output signal (grey/white)
3. Ground (blue/orange)
AXONE: ELECTRICAL ERRORS
Speed sensor - invalid signal.
Error cause
•
Error signal if a speed below the default value set by the manufacturer for the running vehicle
is detected. Possibly shorted to ground, battery or speed sensor circuit open: lack of supply
from the control unit also possible.
Troubleshooting
CARRY OUT THE CASCADE OPERATIONS UNTIL THE FAILURE IS FOUND
•
Check correct position of the sensor in its fitting.
•
Check voltage between PINS 1-3 of the sensor. In case of null voltage, check continuity
between PIN 1 of the sensor and PIN 17 of the ECU BLUE connector.
•
Check PIN 17 of the blue connector.
•
Check continuity to ground of PIN 3 of the sensor.
•
Check continuity of the cable between PIN 2 of the sensor and PIN 24 of the ECU blue
connector.
•
Check PIN 24 of the blue connector.
•
If after all these checks the failure is not found, replace the sensor.
Speed sensor - over the maximum limit.
Error cause
•
Error signal if a speed above the default value set by the manufacturer for the running vehicle
is detected.
Troubleshooting
•
if over the maximum limit: replace the sensor.
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Electrical system
GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine rpm sensor
Function
It informs crankshaft position and speed to the
Marelli control unit.
Operation / Operating principle
Inductive sensor: sinusoidal-type generated voltage; two teeth are missing on the flywheel for the
reference position.
Level in wiring diagram:revolution sensor
Location:
•
Sensor: front left side of the engine,
under the generator
•
Connector: under the fuel tank, right
side
Electrical characteristics:
•
Winding resistance: 650 Ω ± 15% Output alternating voltage, value range:
minimum: 0.5 V - maximum: 5 V
Pin-out:
1. Engine revolution sensor positive signal
2. Engine revolution sensor negative signal
3. Revolution sensor anti-jamming cable
AXONE: PARAMETERS
Target engine revs
Example value:1100 +/- 100 rpm
Parameter valid at idle, setting depends especially on the engine temperature: the ECU unit will try to
keep the engine running at this revs, acting on the ignition advance.
AXONE: STATUSES
Synchronisation
Example value:Synchronised / Not synchronised
Indicates if the control unit detects the revolution sensor signal correctly
DIAGNOSIS
Engine revolution sensor
An interruption in the sensor circuit has been detected, from PIN 25 to PIN 35 of connector A (BROWN).
Check the sensor connector and the injection control unit connector A (BROWN): it they are not OK,
restore. If OK, check continuity of the two cables leading to PINS 25 and 35 of the control unit connector:
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Electrical system
if there is not continuity, restore the cable harness; if there is continuity, check the interruption on the
sensor and replace it.
WARNING If the electric circuit is short-circuited, no error is displayed. Check the sensor electrical
specifications: If they are not correct, replace the sensor. If correct, check supply insulation and ground
connection insulation of both cables. Perform the tests from the sensor connector towards the sensor.
If they are not OK, restore the cable harness or replace the sensor. If OK, perform the tests for pins 25
and 35 of the Marelli control unit connector A (BROWN) towards the cable harness.
Air gap value:
Place the sensor plus the corresponding spacers; the air gap should be between 0.7 and 0.9 mm.
Throttle position sensor
Function
In charge of telling the control unit the position of
the throttle valves.
Operation / Operating principle
The throttle position sensor works as a variable
resistance according to the throttle rotation.
Level in wiring diagram:Throttle and idle motor
Location:
•
sensor: on the right cylinder throttle
body
•
connector: on the potentiometer
Electrical characteristics:
PINS A-C: throttle closed approx. 2.5 kOhm; throttle open approx. 1.5 kOhm.
PINS A-B: approx. 1.1 kOhm
Pin-out:
A: ground connection
B: supply voltage +5V
C: potentiometer signal
THE CONNECTION DIAGRAMS ARE IN THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM SECTIONS; PAY ATTENTION
TO THESE DIAGRAMS AS THEY SHOW THE CONNECTOR/COMPONENT AS VIEWED FROM
THE CABLE HARNESS SIDE, THAT IS LOOKING AT THE CABLES WHEN GOING OUT OF THE
"MAIN" CABLE HARNESS AND INTO THE CONNECTOR/COMPONENT.
CAUTION
BEFORE CARRYING OUT ANY TROUBLESHOOTING, CAREFULLY READ THE GENERAL CONCEPTS OF ELECTRICAL TROUBLESHOOTING FOUND AT THE BEGINNING OF THE CHECKS
AND CONTROLS SECTION IN THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM CHAPTER.
AXONE: FUEL INJECTION SYSTEM
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GRISO 8V - 1200
AXONE: PARAMETERS
Throttle
Example value: 4.9°
AXONE: STATUSES
Throttle position
Example value:Released/Pressed/Full load
It indicates if the throttle potentiometer is open or closed in the released position.
AXONE: ELECTRICAL ERRORS
Throttle actuator position sensor P0120
Example value:open circuit, shorted to positive / shorted to negative.
Error cause
•
If the circuit is open, shorted to positive: excessive voltage has been detected at PIN 3 of
connector A (BROWN).
•
If shorted to negative: voltage equal to zero has been detected.
Troubleshooting
•
Circuit is open, shorted to positive: check the injection control unit connector and the sensor
connector: if they are not OK, restore; if they are OK, check continuity between PIN 3 of
connector A (BROWN) and PIN C of the sensor (red cable): if there is not continuity, restore
the cable harness; if there is continuity, check continuity of the sensor between PIN A and
PIN C: if there is not continuity, replace the potentiometer; if there is continuity, check the
resistance. If resistance is over 2.5 kOhm, it means the red cable is shorted to positive and
the cable harness should be restored
•
if shorted to negative: disconnect the sensor connector and check the ground insulation of
the red cable (from throttle sensor connector or control unit connector): if there is continuity
to ground, restore the cable harness; if it is ground insulated, the resistance between PIN A
and PIN C is below 1.3 kOhm; therefore, the throttle body should be replaced
AXONE: ADJUSTABLE PARAMETERS
Throttle positioner autodetection: It allows the control unit to detect the closed throttle position; just
press the Enter key.
Self-adjustable parameters reset: Lambda probe self-adaptability parameters reset: operation to be
carried out after the throttle body is cleaned or in the case a new engine, a new lambda probe or a new
injector is fitted, or the correct operation of the injection system or the valves is restored.
RESET PROCEDURE
Once the throttle body or the injection control unit is replaced, it is necessary to connect to the diagnosis
instrument selecting FUEL INJECTION and carry out the operation: Throttle positioner autodetection.
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Electrical system
Engine temperature sensor
Function
tells the engine temperature to the control unit so
as to optimise carburetion and idle control
Operation / Operating principle
NTC type sensor (resistance sensor, inversely
variable with temperature)
Level in wiring diagram:Temperature sensors
Location:
•
Sensor: on the right cylinder, inside the
"V"
•
Connector: on the sensor
Electrical characteristics:
ENGINE TEMPERATURE SENSOR RESISTANCE
Specification
Resistance at -40 °C (-104 °F)
Resistance at -30 °C (-22 °F)
Resistance at -20 °C (-4 °F)
Resistance at -10 °C (14 °F)
Resistance at 0 °C (32 °F)
Resistance at +10 °C (50 °F)
Resistance at +20 °C (68 °F)
Resistance at +30 °C (86 °F)
Resistance at +40 °C (104 °F)
Resistance at +50 °C (122 °F)
Resistance at +60 °C (140 °F)
Resistance at +70 °C (158 °F)
Resistance at +80 °C (176 °F)
Resistance at +90 °C (194 °F)
Resistance at +100 °C (212 °F)
Resistance at +110 °C (230 °F)
Resistance at +120 °C (257 °F)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
Desc./Quantity
100.950 kOhm
53.100 kOhm
29.120 kOhm
16.600 kOhm
9.750 kOhm
5.970 kOhm
3.750 kOhm
2.420 kOhm
1.600 kOhm
1.080 kOhm
0.750 kOhm
0.530 kOhm
0.380 kOhm
0.280 kOhm
0.204 kOhm
0.153 kOhm
0.102 kOhm
Pin-out:
•
PIN 1: Ground connection
•
PIN 2: 0-5 V signal
THE CONNECTION DIAGRAMS ARE IN THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM SECTIONS; PAY ATTENTION
TO THESE DIAGRAMS AS THEY SHOW THE CONNECTOR/COMPONENT AS VIEWED FROM
THE CABLE HARNESS SIDE, THAT IS LOOKING AT THE CABLES WHEN GOING OUT OF THE
"MAIN" CABLE HARNESS AND INTO THE CONNECTOR/COMPONENT.
CAUTION
BEFORE CARRYING OUT ANY TROUBLESHOOTING, CAREFULLY READ THE GENERAL CONCEPTS OF ELECTRICAL TROUBLESHOOTING FOUND AT THE BEGINNING OF THE CHECKS
AND CONTROLS SECTION IN THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM CHAPTER.
AXONE: FUEL INJECTION SYSTEM
AXONE: PARAMETERS
Engine temperature
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GRISO 8V - 1200
In case of recovery, this value is set by the control unit.
ELECTRICAL ERRORS
engine temperature sensor P0115 - open circuit, shorted to positive / shorted to negative.
Error cause
•
If the circuit is open, shorted to positive: excessive voltage has been detected at PIN 5 of
the BROWN connector.
•
If shorted to negative: voltage equal to zero has been detected at PIN 5 of the BROWN
connector
Troubleshooting
•
If the circuit is open, shorted to positive: check the sensor connector and the Marelli control
unit connector. If they are not OK, restore the cable harness; if OK, check the continuity of
the sensor; if it is not OK, replace the sensor; if it is OK, check continuity between PIN 5 of
the BROWN connector and PIN 2 of the sensor: restore cable harness if there is not continuity; if it is OK, reconnect the control unit connector and, with key set to key ON, check
the continuity between the sensor connector PIN 1 and the vehicle ground connection: if
there is not continuity, restore the cable harness; if there is continuity, it means that the cause
of the error is that the cable is shorted to positive and now the cable harness between the
BROWN PIN 5 and PIN 2 of the sensor should be restored. If the air temperature sensor
error is displayed at the same time, this means that the grey cable common for both sensors
is shorted to positive.
•
If shorted to negative, check sensor correct resistance: if resistance = 0, replace the sensor;
if resistance is correct, it means that the cable has ground connection: restore the cable
harness
NOTES No error is detected if the sensor does not work correctly or the control unit connector
or sensor terminals are rusty: then check through Axone if the temperature indicated is plausible
in relation to the engine temperature. Check also that the sensor electrical characteristics are
observed: replace the sensor if not OK; if it is OK, check the sensor connector and the Marelli
control unit connector
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Electrical system
Air temperature sensor
Function
It tells the control unit the intake air temperature in
order to calculate oxygen presence so as to optimise the petrol quantity necessary for correct combustion.
Operation / Operating principle
NTC type sensor (resistance sensor, inversely
variable with temperature).
Level in wiring diagram:Temperature sensors
Location:
•
sensor: on filter casing
•
connector: on the sensor
Electrical characteristics:
AIR TEMPERATURE SENSOR RESISTANCE
Specification
Resistance at -40 °C (-104 °F)
Resistance at 0 °C (32 °F)
Resistance at 10 °C (50 °F)
Resistance at 20 °C (68 °F)
Resistance at 30 °C (86 °F)
Resistance at 40 °C (104 °F)
Resistance at 90 °C (194 °F)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Desc./Quantity
100.950 kOhm
9.750 kOhm
5.970 kOhm
3.750 kOhm
2.420 kOhm
1.600 kOhm
0.280 kOhm
Pin-out:
•
PIN 1: Ground connection
•
PIN 2: 0-5 V signal
AXONE: FUEL INJECTION SYSTEM
AXONE: PARAMETERS
Air temperature
In case of failure, 25°C is set as temperature
AXONE: ELECTRICAL ERRORS
Air temperature sensor P0110 - Open circuit, shorted to positive / shorted to negative
Error cause
•
If the circuit is open, shorted to positive: excessive voltage has been detected at PIN 14 of
the BROWN connector.
•
If shorted to negative: voltage equal to zero has been detected at PIN 14 of the BROWN
connector
Troubleshooting
•
If the circuit is open, shorted to positive: check the sensor connector and the Marelli control
unit connector. If they are not OK, restore the cable harness; if OK, check the continuity of
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GRISO 8V - 1200
the sensor; if it is not OK, replace the sensor; if it is OK, check continuity between PIN 14
of the BROWN connector and PIN 2 of sensor: restore cable harness if there is not continuity;
if it is OK, reconnect the control unit connector and, with key set to key ON, check the
continuity between the sensor connector PIN 1 and the vehicle ground connection: if there
is not continuity, restore the cable harness; if there is continuity, it means that the cause of
the error is that the cable is shorted to positive and now the cable harness between the
BROWN PIN 14 and PIN 2 of the sensor should be restored. If the engine temperature
sensor error is displayed at the same time, this means that the grey cable common for both
sensors is shorted to positive.
•
If shorted to negative, check sensor correct resistance: if resistance = 0, replace the sensor;
if resistance is correct, it means that the pink/black cable has ground connection: restore
the cable harness
NOTES No error is detected if the sensor does not work correctly or the control unit connector
or sensor terminals are rusty: then check through Axone if the temperature indicated is plausible
in relation to the ambient temperature. Check also that the sensor electrical characteristics are
observed: replace the sensor if not OK; if it is OK, check the sensor connector and the Marelli
control unit connector
Lambda sensor
Function
It tells the control unit whether combustion is lean
or rich.
Operation / Operating principle
The Marelli injection control unit reads and interprets a voltage generated by the difference in oxygen content between the exhaust fumes and the
ambient. It does not require an external supply
source but, in order to work properly, it should
reach a high operating temperature: that is why
there is a heating circuit inside.
Level in wiring diagram:Lambda Probe
Location:
•
Sensor: exhaust pipe
•
Connector: near the probe
Electrical characteristics:
Heater circuit: 12 -14 Ω at 20 °C (68 °F)
Pin-out:
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Electrical system
1. Sensor signal + (black wire)
2. Sensor signal - (grey wire)
3. Heater ground connection (white)
4. Heater power supply (white)
AXONE: PARAMETERS
Lambda probe
Example value: 0 - 1000 mV
If there is a short circuit at + 5 V or above, the value read is approx. 5.000 mV. If there is a short circuit
to ground instead, the value read is equal to 0 mV and the Lambda Sensor Correction parameter shows
25%: no error is displayed, though.
Lambda sensor correction
Example value: 1.00
In closed loop, the value must be close to 0 % (values not within the +10 % and -10 % range may
indicate a fault): In an open circuit, the lambda probe signal is too low. Therefore, the control unit takes
it as a lean mixture condition and will try to enrich it. The value read will be +25%.
AXONE: STATUSES
Lambda check
Example value: Open loop / Closed loop
Closed loop indicates that the control unit is using the lambda probe signal to keep the combustion as
close as possible to the stoichiometric value.
AXONE: ELECTRICAL ERRORS
Lambda probe P0130 - shorted to positive.
Error cause
•
Excessive voltage (battery voltage) has been detected at PINS 32 and 22 of the BLUE
connector.
Troubleshooting
•
if shorted to positive: with the key set to ON, disconnect the sensor connector and measure
voltage at PIN 1 on the cable harness side (white/yellow cable): if there is voltage (5 or 12
V), restore the cable harness; it there is no voltage, measure voltage at PIN 2, cable harness
side, (green/white cable) and if there is voltage, restore the cable harness; if there is no
voltage, replace the lambda probe
Lambda probe heating P0135 - shorted to positive / open circuit, shorted to negative.
Error cause
•
If shorted to positive: excessive voltage has been detected at PIN 11 of the BLUE connector.
•
If the circuit is open, shorted to negative: voltage equal to zero has been detected at PIN 11
of the BLUE connector
Troubleshooting
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GRISO 8V - 1200
if shorted to positive: disconnect the probe connector and check the sensor correct resistance: replace the sensor if not OK; if it is OK, restore the cable harness.
•
if the circuit is open, shorted to negative: check the continuity from probe connector (PIN 3
and 4) towards the probe: if not OK, replace the probe; if it is correct, check the sensor
connector and the Marelli control unit connector. If not OK, restore. If OK, and with key set
to ON and sensor connector disconnected, check if there is battery voltage at PIN 4: if not
OK, check the red/black cable (cable harness side) between the probe connector and the
auxiliary injection relay (No. 29 in the wiring diagram, placed under the saddle, rear side, in
the auxiliary fuses/relays box, close to the fuses, in the row towards the rear; CHECK, however, the identification of the relay with the colour of the cables). If there are also coil and
injector errors, check that relay and its excitation and power line; if there is voltage at PIN
4, check the white cable ground insulation, cable harness side (PIN 3): if it is not OK, restore
the cable harness. If OK, check continuity of the white cable, cable harness side (between
PIN 3 of the sensor connector PIN 3 and PIN 11 of the BLUE connector) and restore the
cable harness.
Injector
Function
To supply the correct amount of petrol at the right
timing.
Operation / Operating principle
Injector coil is excited for the petrol passage to
open.
Level in wiring diagram:Coils and injectors
Location:
•
on the throttle bodies
•
connector: on injector
Electrical characteristics:14.8 Ohm +/- 5% (at
20 °C)
Pin-out:
"+": Supply:
" ": Ground connection
AXONE:FUEL INJECTION SYSTEM
AXONE: PARAMETERS
Left cylinder injection time
AXONE: ACTIVATION
Left injector: Operation for 4 ms, 5 times
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Electrical system
The auxiliary injection relay (No. 31 in the wiring diagram, placed on the front right side of the motorcycle,
in the auxiliary fuses/relays box, first relay to the left starting from the front; CHECK, however, the
identification of the relay with the colour of the cables) is energised for 5 seconds and the grey/red cable
of the injector is closed to ground for 4 ms per second. Disconnect the 4-way connector of the fuel pump
to be able to hear the relay and injector activation. The continuity of the wiring is necessary for correct
activation: no error indications are displayed in case of lack of activation
AXONE: ELECTRICAL ERRORS
Left injector P0201 - shorted to positive / shorted to negative / open circuit.
Error cause
•
If shorted to positive: excessive voltage has been detected at PIN 28 of the BROWN connector.
•
If shorted to negative: no voltage has been detected.
•
If the circuit is open: an interruption has been detected
Troubleshooting
•
If shorted to positive: disconnect the injector connector, take the key to ON and check if
there is voltage on the grey/red cable: if there is voltage, restore the cable harness. If there
is no voltage, replace the injector.
•
If shorted to negative: disconnect the injector connector, take the key to ON and check if the
grey/red cable has continuity to the ground connection: if there is continuity to ground, restore the cable harness; if there is not continuity, replace the injector
•
The circuit is open: check the component correct electrical characteristic: if it is not the correct one, replace the component; if it is correct, check the connector on the component and
the Marelli control unit connector: If they are not OK, restore. If OK, check cable continuity
between PIN 28 of the BROWN connector and the component PIN - and restore the cable
harness.
AXONE: PARAMETERS
Right cylinder injection time
AXONE: ACTIVATION
Right injector: Operation for 4 ms, 5 times
The auxiliary injection relay (No. 31 in the wiring diagram, placed on the front right side of the motorcycle,
in the auxiliary fuses/relays box, first relay to the left starting from the front; CHECK, however, the
identification of the relay with the colour of the cables) is energised for 5 seconds and the blue/red cable
of the injector is closed to ground for 4 ms per second. Disconnect the 4-way connector of the fuel pump
to be able to hear the relay and injector activation. The continuity of the wiring is necessary for correct
activation: no error indications are displayed in case of lack of activation.
AXONE: ELECTRICAL ERRORS
Front injector P0202 - shorted to positive / shorted to negative / open circuit.
Error cause
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•
GRISO 8V - 1200
If shorted to positive: excessive voltage has been detected at PIN 37 of the BROWN connector.
•
If shorted to negative: no voltage has been detected.
•
If the circuit is open: an interruption has been detected.
Troubleshooting
•
if shorted to positive: disconnect the injector connector, take the key to ON and check if there
is voltage on the blue/red cable: if there is voltage, restore the cable harness. If there is no
voltage, replace the injector.
•
if shorted to negative: disconnect the injector connector, take the key to ON and check if the
blue/red cable has continuity to the ground connection: if there is continuity to ground, restore the cable harness; if there is no continuity, replace the injector.
•
the circuit is open: check the component correct electrical characteristic: if it is not the correct
one, replace the component; if it is correct, check the connector on the component and the
Marelli control unit connector: if they are not OK, restore. If OK, check cable continuity between PIN 37 of the BROWN connector and the component PIN - and restore the cable
harness.
Coil
Function
It controls the ignition spark plug in order to generate the fuel ignition spark.
Operation / Operating principle
Inductive discharge system
Level in wiring diagram:Coils and injectors
Location:
•
In front of the fuel tank, left and right
side
•
Connector: on the coils
Electrical characteristics:
•
Primary winding resistance: 550 mΩ ±
10%, at approx. 23 °C (73.4 °F).
•
Secondary winding resistance: 3 mΩ
± 10%, at approx. 23 °C (73.4 °F).
•
Tube resistance: 5 kΩ.
Pin-out:
1. Supply + batt V
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Electrical system
2. Circuit earthing
AXONE: PARAMETERS
Left coil ignition advance.
AXONE: ACTIVATION
Left coil:
The auxiliary injection relay (No. 29 in the wiring diagram, placed under the right side fairing of the
motorcycle; CHECK, however, the identification of the relay with the colour of the cables) is energised
for 5 seconds and the green/orange cable of the coil is closed to ground for 2 ms per second. Disconnect
the 4-way connector of the fuel pump to be able to hear the relay and injector activation. The continuity
of the wiring is necessary for correct activation: no error indications are displayed in case of lack of
activation.
AXONE: ELECTRICAL ERRORS
Left coil P0351- shorted to positive / open circuit, shorted to negative
Error cause
•
If shorted to positive: excessive voltage has been detected at PIN 38 of the BROWN connector.
•
If the circuit is open, shorted to negative: voltage equal to zero has been detected at PIN 38
of the BROWN connector
Troubleshooting
•
If shorted to positive: disconnect the coil connector, set the key to ON, activate the coil with
Axone and check voltage at connector PIN 2: if there is voltage, restore the cable harness;
if voltage = 0, replace the coil.
•
If the circuit is open, shorted to negative: check the coil connector and the Marelli control
unit connector. If they are not OK, restore; if everything is OK, check cable continuity between PIN 2 of the coil connector and PIN 38 of the BROWN connector. If there is not
continuity, restore the cable harness; if there is cable continuity, with the key set to KEY ON,
check the cable ground insulation (from coil connector or control unit connector). If this is
not OK, restore the cable harness.
AXONE: PARAMETERS
Right coil ignition advance.
AXONE: ACTIVATION
Right coil:
The auxiliary injection relay (No. 29 in the wiring diagram, placed under the right side fairing of the
motorcycle; CHECK, however, the identification of the relay with the colour of the cables) is energised
for 5 seconds and the sky blue/green cable of the coil is closed to ground for 2 ms per second. Disconnect the 4-way connector of the fuel pump to be able to hear the relay and injector activation. The
continuity of the wiring is necessary for correct activation: no error indications are displayed in case of
lack of activation
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AXONE: ELECTRICAL ERRORS
Right coil P0352 - shorted to positive / open circuit, shorted to negative.
Error cause
•
If shorted to positive: excessive voltage has been detected at PIN 10 of the (BROWN) connector.
•
If the circuit is open, shorted to negative: voltage equal to zero has been detected at PIN 10
of the (BROWN) connector.
Troubleshooting
•
If shorted to positive: disconnect the coil connector, set the key to ON, activate the coil with
Axone and check voltage at connector PIN 2: if there is voltage, restore the cable harness;
if voltage = 0, replace the coil.
•
If the circuit is open, shorted to negative: check the coil connector and the Marelli control
unit connector. If they are not OK, restore; if everything is OK, check cable continuity between PIN 2 of the coil connector and PIN 10 of the BROWN connector. If there is not
continuity, restore the cable harness; if there is cable continuity, with the key set to KEY ON,
check the cable ground insulation (from coil connector or control unit connector). If this is
not OK, restore the cable harness.
Engine oil pressure sensor
Function:Indicates the instrument panel if there is
enough oil pressure (0.35 +/- 0.15 bar) (5.1 +/2.18 PSI) in the engine.
Operation / Operating principle: normally closed
switch. With oil pressure above 0.35 +/-0.15 bar
(5.1 +/- 2.18 PSI), open circuit.
Level in wiring diagram:fuel reserve and oil pressure.
Location:
•
Sensor: in between the engine "V", a
little to the left, under the generator
•
Connector: on the sensor.
Pin-out: Voltage 12V
Instrument panel
Oil sensor failure DSB 07
Error cause
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•
Electrical system
An oil sensor failure is signalled when, with engine off, it is detected that the sensor circuit
is open. The test is performed only once when the key is set to ON. This error is signalled
by the bulb icon and the general warning light turns on as well.
Troubleshooting
•
Check the sensor connector and the instrument panel connector (PIN 17): If not OK, restore.
If OK, check the continuity of the purple cable between the sensor connector and the instrument panel connector PIN 17: if not OK, restore the cable harness; if OK, replace the
sensor.
Oil pressure failure DSB 08
Error cause
•
An oil sensor failure is signalled when, with engine running, it is detected that the sensor
circuit is closed. This error is signalled by the bulb icon and the general warning light turns
on as well.
Troubleshooting
•
Detach the sensor connector and check the purple cable is ground insulated: if there is
continuity to ground, restore the cable harness; if it is ground insulated, replace the switch.
It this error persists, use a pressure gauge to check the pressure of the oil in the engine
circuit
Neutral sensor
Function
it tells the gear position to the control unit: in neutral or in gear.
Operation / Operating principle
for gear in neutral, the circuit is closed to ground connection: then, via CAN, the control unit sends the
signal to the instrument panel which turns on the neutral speed warning light.
Level in wiring diagram:start-up enabling switches
Location:
•
Sensor: rear / upper side of the gearbox
•
Connector: on the sensor
Electrical characteristics:
•
Gear in neutral: closed circuit (0 V on wire from control unit to sensor / switch in continuity).
•
Gearshift engaged: open circuit (12 V on wire from control unit to sensor / open switch,
infinite resistance)
Pin-out:
1. Voltage 12V
AXONE: STATUSES
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Gear in neutral
Example value:yes/no
DIAGNOSIS
•
Indication on the instrument panel always gear engaged: check the control unit connector
and the sensor connector: if they are not OK, restore the cable harness; if OK, disconnect
the connector and, with gear in neutral, check continuity to ground of the terminal, sensor
side: if there is not continuity, replace the sensor (after checking cable harness continuity
on the sensor side and the correct mechanical position); if there is, check cable continuity
between the sensor connector and PIN 23 of the BROWN connector: if there is no continuity,
restore the cable harness. If there is, replace the instrument panel if the vehicle performance
is correct (the engine starts with gear in neutral but the neutral warning light is off) or replace
the control unit if the vehicle performance is not correct (the engine does not start with gear
in neutral).
•
Indication on the instrument panel always gear in neutral: disconnect the terminals from the
sensor and check if there is continuity with ground connection at PIN toward the sensor, with
gear engaged: if there is continuity, replace the sensor. If it is ground insulated, it means
that the grey/black cable from PIN 1 of the sensor to PIN 23 of the BROWN connector is
shorted to ground: restore the cable harness.
Clutch lever sensor
Function
It tells the clutch lever position to the control unit.
Operation / Operating principle
If the gear is engaged but the clutch is pulled, i.e. circuit closed to ground, vehicle start-up is enabled
anyway.
Level in wiring diagram:Start-up enabling switches.
Location:
•
Sensor: under clutch lever
•
Connector: on the sensor
Electrical characteristics:
•
Clutch pulled: closed circuit (continuity)
•
Clutch released: open circuit (infinite resistance)
Pin-out:
1. Voltage 12V
2. Ground connection
AXONE: STATUSES
Clutch
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Electrical system
Example value:Yes/No
The statuses regularly viewed are YES / NO
DIAGNOSIS
Troubleshooting:
•
Indication on Axone always NO: check the correct position of the cable terminals on the
sensor and the correct connection of the cables on the terminals. If they are not correct,
restore the cable harness; if correct, disconnect the two terminals from the sensor and check
continuity to ground of PIN 2 (cable harness side): if there is no continuity, restore the cable
harness; if there is, replace the sensor. Check continuity of the brown/purple cable between
PIN 1 of the sensor and PIN 33 of the BLUE connector, cable harness side: if there is no
continuity, restore the cable harness; if there is, replace the sensor. With the key set to ON,
check that 12 Volt is fed to PIN 33 of the BLUE connector
•
Indication on Axone always YES: disconnect the terminals from the sensor and check if
there is continuity between the two PINS, with clutch released: if there is continuity, replace
the sensor. If the circuit is open, it means that the brown/purple cable from PIN 1 of the
sensor to PIN 33 of the BLUE connector is shorted to ground: restore the cable harness
Side stand sensor
Function
It tells the side stand position to the control unit.
Operation / Operating principle
If the gear is engaged and the side stand is unfolded, and therefore the circuit is open, the control unit
does not enable vehicle start-up or shuts off the engine if it is rotating.
Level in wiring diagram:start-up enabling switches
Location:
•
Sensor: on side stand supporting plate
•
Connector: left side, under the fuel tank
Electrical characteristics:
•
Side Stand Up: closed circuit (continuity)
•
Side Stand Down: open circuit (infinite resistance)
Pin-out:
1. Ground connection
2. Voltage 12 V (brown, sensor side)
AXONE: STATUSES
Side stand
Example value:retracted / extended
DIAGNOSIS
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•
GRISO 8V - 1200
Indication on Axone always EXTENDED: check the side stand sensor connector and the
ECU connector: if they are not OK, restore; if OK, disconnect both terminals from the sensor
and check continuity to ground of PIN 1 (blue/green, cable harness side): if there is not
continuity, restore the cable harness; if there is, check continuity of the green/brown cable:
if it is not OK, restore; if OK, replace the sensor.
•
Indication on Axone always RETRACTED: disconnect the terminals from the sensor and
check if there is continuity between the two PINS, with stand down: if there is continuity,
replace the sensor; if the circuit is open, it means that the brown/green cable (cable harness
side) from PIN 2 of the sensor to PIN 38 of the BLUE connector is shorted to ground: restore
the cable harness
Bank angle sensor
Function
it tells the vehicle position to the control unit.
Operation / Operating principle
When the sensor is inverted, the circuit is closed
to ground: when the Marelli control unit detects this
earthing, it disables the fuel pump circuit and the
engine start-up circuit via the injection relay.
Level in wiring diagram:Start-up enabling
switches.
Location:
•
Sensor: close to the headstock
•
Connector: near the sensor
Electrical characteristics:
•
Sensor in vertical position: open circuit
(resistance: 62 kOhm)
•
Sensor inverted: closed circuit (resistance below 0.5 kOhm)
Pin-out:
1. Voltage 12V
2. Ground connection
AXONE: STATUSES
Fall sensor
Example value: Normal / Tip over
DIAGNOSIS
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Electrical system
Indication on Axone always Normal, even when the sensor is inverted: disconnect the connector and, with sensor inverted, check if there is continuity between the two PINS of the
sensor: if there is no continuity, replace the sensor; if there is, check the connector. If not
OK, restore the cable harness; if OK, check continuity to ground of PIN 2: if there is no
continuity, restore the cable harness; if there is, with key set to KEY ON, check if there is
12V voltage at PIN 1. If there is not, check the Marelli control unit connector (PIN 35 of the
BLUE connector)
•
Indication on Axone always Tip over: disconnect the connector and check if there is continuity between the two PINS when the sensor is in vertical position: if there is continuity,
replace the sensor; if there is not, it means that, with key set to KEY ON, there is no 12V
voltage at PIN 1: restore the cable harness whose pink/yellow cable will be shorted to ground
Air temperature sensor - instrument panel
Function
It tells the ambient air temperature to the instrument panel.
Operation / Operating principle
NTC type sensor (resistance sensor, inversely
variable with temperature).
Level in wiring diagram:Temperature sensors
Location:
•
Sensor: under the instrument panel
•
Connector: under the instrument panel
Electrical characteristics:
•
Resistance at 0°C: 32.5 kOhm +/- 5%
•
Resistance at 25°C: 10.0 kOhm +/- 5%
Pin-out:
1. Voltage 5V
2. Ground connection
Instrument panel
Air temperature sensor failure DSB 06
Error cause
•
An oil sensor failure is signalled when it is detected that the sensor circuit is open or shorted
to positive
Troubleshooting
Check the sensor connector and the instrument panel connector (PINS 10 and 18): if they are not OK,
restore. If OK, check continuity of the pink cable between the sensor connector (cable harness side)
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GRISO 8V - 1200
and the instrument panel connector PIN 10: if not OK, restore the cable harness; if OK, check the correct
sensor resistance: if it is not OK, replace the sensor; if it is OK, check continuity of the brown cable
between the sensor connector (cable harness side) and PIN 18 of the instrument panel connector: If
not OK, restore the cable harness; if OK, with key set to ON, check if there is voltage at the sensor
connector PIN 1: if there is no voltage, replace the instrument panel; if there is approximately 12V,
restore the cable harness (there is a short circuit in the battery). If there is 5V voltage, connect a 10
kOhm resistance to PIN 1 of the sensor connector and to the vehicle ground connection: if, with key set
to ON, the voltage measured upstream the resistance decreases, replace the instrument panel. If voltage continues to be approximately 5V, restore the pink cable (there is a short circuit at + 5V)
Notes
If a short circuit to ground is detected at PIN 10 of the instrument panel connector, the display will show
a full scale temperature indication of 60°C
Check the earth insulation of the sensor connector pink cable: if there is a connection, restore the cable
harness; if it is earth insulated, check that sensor resistance is correct: if it is not OK, replace the sensor;
if it is OK, replace the instrument panel.
RUN/STOP switch
Function
It tells the control unit if the driver wishes to enable
engine start-up or to keep the engine running.
Operation / Operating principle
If the driver wants to shut off the engine or to disable engine start-up, the switch should be open,
i.e. the Marelli control unit should not detect voltage at PIN 27 of the BLUE connector
Level in wiring diagram:Start-up enabling
switches.
Location:
•
Switch: right light switch
•
Connector: next to the headstock, right
side
Electrical characteristics:
•
STOP position: the circuit is open
•
RUN position: closed circuit (continuity)
Pin-out:
ELE SYS - 76
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Electrical system
Sky blue/orange cable (cable harness
side): 0V voltage if engine kill in STOP;
12V if engine kill in RUN.
•
Red/black cable (cable harness side):
always 12 V voltage
CAUTION
BEFORE CARRYING OUT ANY TROUBLESHOOTING, CAREFULLY READ THE GENERAL CONCEPTS OF ELECTRICAL TROUBLESHOOTING FOUND AT THE BEGINNING OF THE CHECKS
AND CONTROLS SECTION IN THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM CHAPTER.
AXONE: PARAMETERS
AXONE: STATUSES
Run / stop switch
Example value:Run/Stop
DIAGNOSIS
•
Indication on Axone always STOP: disconnect the connector and, with the switch set to
RUN, check if there is continuity between the blue/green (PIN 1) cable and the grey/sky blue
(PIN 4) cable (sensor side): if there is not continuity, replace the sensor; if there is, check
the connector. If it is not OK, restore the cable harness; if it is OK, with the key set to ON,
check if there is voltage on the red/black cable (cable harness side). If there is no voltage,
restore the cable harness; if there is, check the ground insulation of the sky blue/orange
cable (cable harness side). if there is continuity to ground, restore the cable harness; if it is
OK, take the key to OFF and check that the BLUE connector is in good conditions and if
there is continuity of the sky blue/orange cable between the connector in question and PIN
27 of the BLUE connector: if not OK, restore the cable harness; if OK, replace the Marelli
control unit.
•
Indication on Axone always RUN: disconnect the connector and, with the switch set to
STOP, check if there is continuity between the two cables of the switch, PIN 1 and PIN 4
(sensor side). If there is continuity, replace the switch; if there is not, it means that, with the
key set to KEY ON, the sky blue/orange cable is shorted to positive: restore the cable harness.
Connectors
Dashboard
The pin configuration of the grey-bodied connector is as follows:
PIN USE
1 + KEY
2 RIGHT TURN INDICATOR CONTROL
ELE SYS - 77
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Electrical system
GRISO 8V - 1200
3 HIGH-BEAM LIGHT INPUT
456 K LINE
78 SELECT 1 - SET
9 FUEL LEVEL SENSOR
10 AIR TEMPERATURE SENSOR
11 + BATTERY
12 LEFT TURN INDICATOR CONTROL
13 14 15 16 GENERAL EARTH CONNECTION
17 OIL PRESSURE SENSOR INTAKE
18 SENSORS EARTH CONNECTION
19 GENERAL GROUND (OPTIONAL)
20 GENERAL GROUND (OPTIONAL)
The pin configuration of the black-bodied connector is as follows:
PIN USE
21 + BATTERY
22 LEFT FRONT TURN INDICATOR ACTIVATION
23 LEFT REAR TURN INDICATOR ACTIVATION
24 AERIAL 1
25 26 CAN H
27 28 LIGHTS RELAY ACTIVATION
29 30 SELECT 2
31 + BATTERY
32 RIGHT FRONT TURN INDICATOR ACTIVATION
33 RIGHT REAR TURN INDICATOR ACTIVATION
34 AERIAL 2
35 36 CAN L
37 38 ELE SYS - 78
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Electrical system
39 40 SELECT 3
ELE SYS - 79
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INDEX OF TOPICS
ENGINE FROM VEHICLE
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ENG VE
GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine from vehicle
Vehicle preparation
Before removing the engine block, proceed as follows:
•
From the back, secure the vehicle with
belts attached to a hoist.
•
From the front, secure the vehicle with
belts attached to the handlebar and
fixed to the work bench.
•
Place the engine service stand under
the oil sump.
•
Remove the exhaust system, the fork
with cardan shaft and the fuel tank.
Removing the engine from the vehicle
•
Disconnect the spark plug tubes.
•
Working on both sides disconnect the
injector connectors
•
Disconnect the throttle cables.
ENG VE - 81
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Engine from vehicle
•
GRISO 8V - 1200
Disconnect the engine temperature
sensor connector
•
Disconnect the revolution sensor connector.
•
Disconnect the alternator connectors.
•
Disconnect the neutral sensor connector.
ENG VE - 82
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Engine from vehicle
Undo and remove the two screws and
collect the washers.
•
Remove the starter motor cover.
•
Unscrew and remove the stud bolt.
•
Disconnect the ground leads.
•
Disconnect the starter motor connectors.
•
Undo and remove the three screws
and remove the clutch control cylinder.
•
Lock the cylinder using a clamp to prevent oil leaks.
•
Slide off the gearbox oil breather pipe.
ENG VE - 83
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Engine from vehicle
•
GRISO 8V - 1200
Working on both sides, release the
clamp and slide off the engine oil
breather pipe.
•
Undo and remove the two screws fixing
the oil vapour union.
•
Remove the oil vapour union.
•
Disconnect the stand sensor connector and release it from the clamps.
•
Undo and remove the two screws and
remove the control unit protection.
•
Undo and remove the two screws and
move the control unit downwards.
ENG VE - 84
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Engine from vehicle
Undo and remove the screws and
move the oil vapour recovery reservoir.
•
Unscrew and remove the stud bolt.
•
Slide off the oil pipe from the blow-by
tank and keep it fitted to the oil sump.
•
Slide off the blow-by tank from the two
hooks on the chassis.
•
Working from both sides, undo and remove the three inlet manifold screws.
•
Collect the gasket.
•
Remove both footrest holding plates.
•
Unscrew and remove the engine lower
fixing nut and collect the washer.
•
Remove the lower bolt and collect the
washer.
ENG VE - 85
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Engine from vehicle
•
GRISO 8V - 1200
Undo and remove the two screws and
collect the cable guide.
•
Remove the plate.
CAUTION
PERFORM THE OPERATIONS BELOW HELPED BY A SECOND OPERATOR.
•
Working on both sides, undo and remove the front screw and collect the
washer.
•
Unscrew and remove the engine upper
fixing nut and collect the washer.
•
Remove the upper bolt and collect the
washer.
•
Lower the engine partially.
•
Disconnect the oil pressure sensor
connector.
•
Lower the engine completely.
•
Lift the rear part of the vehicle.
•
Release the front belts.
•
Hold the rear part of the vehicle, remove the chassis from the engine.
See also
Exhaust
Removing
Fuel tank
ENG VE - 86
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine from vehicle
Installing the engine to the vehicle
•
Place the vehicle chassis over the engine with the gear.
•
From the back, secure the chassis with
belts attached to a hoist.
•
From the front, secure the vehicle with
belts attached to the handlebar and
fixed to the work bench.
•
Lift the engine placing it in position.
•
Connect the oil pressure sensor connector.
•
Working from the left side, fit the engine upper bolt with the washer.
•
From the opposite side, fit the washer
and screw the nut.
•
Working on both sides, insert the
washer and screw the screw without
tighten it.
•
Place the plate and the cable guide and
fix them using the two screws.
ENG VE - 87
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Engine from vehicle
•
GRISO 8V - 1200
Working from the left side, fit the engine lower bolt with the washer.
•
From the opposite side, fit the washer
and tighten the nut.
•
Working on both sides, tighten the front screw to the prescribed torque.
•
Tighten the stud bolt.
•
Place the oil vapour recovery reservoir
and tighten the screw.
•
Fit the control unit and tighten the two
screws.
•
Fit the control unit cover and tighten the
two screws.
ENG VE - 88
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Engine from vehicle
Working from both sides, place the inlet manifold fitting a new gasket between the manifold and head.
•
Fasten the inlet manifold with the three
screws.
•
Connect the stand sensor connector
and fix it to the chassis with new
clamps.
•
Place the oil vapour union and tighten
the two fixing screws.
•
Insert the oil breather pipe and fasten
it with a new clamp.
ENG VE - 89
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Engine from vehicle
•
Fit the gearbox oil breather pipe.
•
Fit the clutch control cylinder.
•
Tighten the three screws.
•
Connect the starter motor connectors.
•
Connect the ground cables and tighten
GRISO 8V - 1200
the screw.
•
Fit the starter motor cover.
•
Place the two washers and tighten the
two screws.
ENG VE - 90
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Connect the neutral sensor connector.
•
Connect the alternator connectors.
•
Connect the revolution sensor connec-
Engine from vehicle
tor.
•
Connect the engine temperature sensor connector.
ENG VE - 91
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Engine from vehicle
•
GRISO 8V - 1200
Connect and adjust the throttle grip cable clearance.
•
Place the fork with cardan shaft and the
rear wheel.
•
Working on both sides, connect the injector connectors.
•
Working from both sides, connect the
spark plug tube.
•
Install the fuel tank.
•
Fit the saddle.
•
Working from both sides, fit the fairing
and tighten the three screws.
•
Install the complete exhaust.
ENG VE - 92
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INDEX OF TOPICS
ENGINE
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ENG
Engine
GRISO 8V - 1200
Gearbox
Diagram
Key:
1. Ball bearing
ENG - 94
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine
2. Circlip
3. Thickness
4. Pin
5. Complete desmodromic
6. Ball bearing
7. Spring
8. Spacer
9. Circlip
10.Fifth wheel
11.Linking pin
12.Gear
13.Circlip
14.Thrust washer
15.Ball bearing cage
16.Gear
17.Sealing ring
18.Ball bearing
19.Gear
20.Circlip
21.Clutch shaft
22.Ball bearing
23.Oil plug
24.Washer
25.Gearbox
26.Aluminium washer
27.Breather cap
28.Neutral sensor
29.Gasket
30.Sealing ring
31.Bushing
32.Gasket
33.Oil drainage plug
34.Sealing ring
35.Thrust bearing
36.Roller bearing
37.Spring
38.Complete pre-selector
39.Bushing
ENG - 95
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine
40.Index lever
41.Spring
42.Ball bearing
43.Gear
44.Gear
45.Ball bearing cage
46.Thrust washer
47.Circlip
48.Gear
49.Circlip
50.Gear
51.Main shaft
52.Transmission gear
53.Fork (5th - 1st)
54.Fork shaft
55.Fork (3rd - 4th)
56.Fork (2nd - 4th)
57.Gear
58.Gear
59.Ball bearing
60.Transmission shaft
61.Gear
62.Spacer
Gearbox
Removing the gearbox
•
Remove the starter motor.
•
Make sure the transmission is in idle.
•
Undo and remove the screw and remove the gearbox lever.
ENG - 96
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Engine
Unscrew and remove the gearbox oil
filler cap.
•
Place a container of suitable capacity
under it, unscrew and remove the cap
and then bleed all gearbox oil.
•
Loosen and turn the oil pipe fitting on
the sump.
•
Undo and remove the three screws.
ENG - 97
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine
•
Undo and remove the two screws.
•
Undo and remove the screw.
•
Remove the gearbox.
See also
Removing the starter motor
Replacement
Gearbox shafts
ENG - 98
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine
Disassembling the gearbox
•
Remove the gearbox.
•
Unscrew and slide off the odometer
gear and collect the abutment washer
that is inside the gearbox.
•
From the outside, slide off the thrust
cylinder and collect the O-Ring and the
washer.
•
Remove the thrust bearing and the
washer.
ENG - 99
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine
•
Slide off the rod with the two bushings.
•
Undo and remove the five external
screws.
•
Place the gearbox on the specific gearbox support tool and on a vice.
Specific tooling
05.90.25.30 Gearbox support
•
Undo and remove the nine internal
screws.
•
Open the gearbox.
ENG - 100
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Engine
Remove the bearings from the gearbox
if necessary.
•
Release the spring.
•
Pressing the selector, slide off the whole transmission lever.
•
Use rubber bands to tie down the transmission shaft unit and extract it.
•
Once the transmission shaft unit is in
on a bench, remove the rubber bands,
being careful with the group.
•
Detach the shafts and label the forks
before removal.
ENG - 101
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine
•
Remove the forks and collect the shaft.
ENG - 102
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Engine
Replace bearings if necessary and remove the clutch shaft.
See also
Removing the gearbox
Removing the primary shaft
•
Remove the main shaft.
•
Operate on the main shaft from the
second gear side.
•
Remove the gear of the second gear
and collect the ball bearing cage.
•
Remove the gear of the sixth gear and
collect the shoulder washer.
ENG - 103
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine
•
Remove the circlip.
•
Remove the gear of the third and fourth
gears.
•
Remove the circlip and collect the
shoulder washer.
•
Remove the gear of the fifth gear and
collect the ball bearing cage.
ENG - 104
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Engine
Heat the shaft with a specific heater
and remove the helical transmission
gear.
Removing the secondary shaft
•
Remove the transmission shaft.
•
Operate on the shaft from the grooved
side.
•
Remove the shoulder washer.
•
Remove the gear of the second gear
and collect the ball bearing cage and
the shoulder washer.
ENG - 105
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine
•
Remove the circlip.
•
Remove the gear of the sixth gear.
•
Remove the circlip and collect the
shoulder washer.
•
Remove the gear of the fourth gear and
collect the ball bearing cage.
ENG - 106
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Engine
Remove the gear of the third gear and
collect the ball bearing cage and the
shoulder washer.
•
Remove the circlip.
•
Remove the gear of the fifth gear.
•
Remove the circlip, the shoulder washer and remove the gear of the first gear,
collect the ball bearing cage.
•
Remove the bearing if necessary.
See also
Disassembling the gearbox
ENG - 107
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine
Checking the primary shaft
Measure coaxiality of the main shaft with a dial
gauge and a centring device and replace it if not
complying with specifications.
Characteristic
Shaft coaxiality limit
0.08 mm (0.0031 in)
Check transmission gears for signs of pitting and wear and replace damaged gears if necessary.
Check the gear fitting teeth for cracks, damage and wear and replace those damaged if necessary.
Check the transmission gears movement and, if it is not regular, replace the damaged part.
Checking the secondary shaft
Measure the coaxiality of the transmission shaft
with a dial gauge and a centring device and replace it if not complying with specifications.
Characteristic
Shaft coaxiality limit
0.08 mm (0.0031 in)
Check transmission gears for signs of pitting and wear and replace damaged gears if necessary.
Check the gear fitting teeth for cracks, damage and wear and replace those damaged if necessary.
Check the transmission gears movement and, if it is not regular, replace the damaged part.
Checking the desmodromic drum
Check gear drum for damage, scratches and wear
and replace the desmodromic if necessary.
Check the desmodromic segment «3» for damage
and wear and replace it if necessary.
Check the desmodromic bearing «4» for damage
and cracks and replace it if necessary.
ENG - 108
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine
Checking the forks
NOTE
THE FOLLOWING PROCEDURE IS VALID FOR ALL TRANSMISSION FORKS.
•
Check the transmission fork cam roller
«1» and the transmission fork tooth
«2» for damage, deformation and
wear.
•
Replace the transmission fork if necessary.
•
Check the transmission fork movement and if it is not regular, replace the
transmission forks.
See also
Disassembling the gearbox
Fitting the primary shaft
NOTE
TO REFIT, FOLLOW THE SAME INSTRUCTIONS AS FOR REMOVAL BUT IN REVERSE ORDER.
REMEMBER TO REPLACE ALL SEALING RINGS, CIRCLIPS AND SAFETY RINGS PREVIOUSLY
REMOVED.
See also
Removing the primary shaft
Fitting the secondary shaft
NOTE
TO REFIT, FOLLOW THE SAME INSTRUCTIONS AS FOR REMOVAL BUT IN REVERSE ORDER.
REMEMBER TO REPLACE ALL SEALING RINGS, CIRCLIPS AND SAFETY RINGS PREVIOUSLY
REMOVED.
See also
Removing the secondary shaft
Assembling the gearbox
NOTE
ENG - 109
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine
TO REFIT, FOLLOW THE SAME INSTRUCTIONS AS FOR REMOVAL BUT IN REVERSE ORDER.
REMEMBER TO REPLACE ALL SEALING RINGS, CIRCLIPS AND SAFETY RINGS PREVIOUSLY
REMOVED.
If the clutch is replaced, measure the length of the
clutch control rod in order to use the correct rod.
Measure as follows:
•
Fit the new clutch on the crankshaft.
•
Fit the clutch control bowl in the gearbox.
•
Fit the gearbox on the engine block.
•
Fit the tool in the gearbox to determine
the clutch control rod length.
•
Measure rod protrusion using a depth
gauge (see picture).
•
According to the value found, select
the correct rod based on the following
table:
Specific tooling
020678Y Tool for clutch rod checking
CLUTCH CONTROL ROD SELECTION
Specification
Protrusion: 9.8 - 11.2 mm (0.386 - 0.441 in)
Protrusion: 8.3 - 9.7 mm (0.327 - 0.382 in)
Protrusion: 6.8 - 8.2 mm (0.268 - 0.323 in)
Protrusion: 5.3 - 6.7 mm (0.209 - 0.264 in)
Desc./Quantity
Clutch control rod length (code 976593) = 183 mm (7.205 in)
Clutch control rod length (code 976594) = 184.5 mm (7.264 in)
Clutch control rod length (code 976595) = 186 mm (7.323 in)
Clutch control rod length (code 976596) = 187.5 mm (7.382 in)
See also
Disassembling the gearbox
ENG - 110
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine
Generator
Key:
1. Alternator
2. Spacer
3. Screw
4. Screw
5. Nut
6. Belt
7. Generator control pulley
8. Nut
9. Washer
10.Magneto flywheel cotter
11.Screw
12.Nut
ENG - 111
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine
Removing the generator
•
Remove the fuel tank.
•
Remove the control unit from its seat.
•
Disconnect the alternator connectors.
•
Undo and remove the five screws and
collect the bushings.
•
Remove the cover.
•
Unscrew the nut and collect the screw.
•
Loosen the screw.
ENG - 112
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Engine
Loosen the nut and undo the set screw
so that the alternator slides down.
•
Completely loosen and remove the
screw.
•
Remove the belt and the alternator with
pulley.
•
Using a compressed air gun, unscrew
and remove the nut and collect the
spacer.
•
Remove the lower pulley.
ENG - 113
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine
•
Undo and remove the eight screws.
•
Undo and remove the two screws.
•
Undo and remove the two screws.
ENG - 114
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Remove the alternator frame.
•
Remove the sealing ring if necessary.
Engine
See also
Fuel tank
Tensioning the belt
•
Remove both fuel tank side fairings.
•
Remove the right exhaust manifold.
•
Remove the control unit.
•
Undo and remove the fixing screw of
the engine oil scavenge reservoir.
•
Unscrew and remove the spacer.
•
Undo and remove the five fixing screws
of the timing system cover.
•
Remove the timing system cover.
•
Loosen the set screw lock nut.
ENG - 115
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine
•
Using the belt tensioning tool, tension
the belt to the prescribed torque.
•
Tighten the set screw.
•
Tighten the lock nut.
Specific tooling
020677Y Alternator belt tensioner
Installing the generator
•
If the sealing ring has been previously
removed, replace it using the punch of
the timing system cover sealing ring.
Specific tooling
05.92.72.30 Timing system cover sealing ring
punch
ENG - 116
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Engine
Place the bolt and the pin in the generator cover.
•
Replace the gasket and place the alternator frame using the front cover insertion cone.
•
Remove the insertion cone afterwards.
Specific tooling
05.91.17.30 Front cover insertion cone
•
Tighten the two screws.
•
Tighten the eight lower screws.
•
Operating diagonally and in stages,
tighten the ten fixing screws on the alternator fitting.
ENG - 117
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine
•
Tighten the four screws, operating diagonally and in stages.
•
Position the lower pulley and the
spacer.
•
Tighten the nut to the prescribed torque.
•
Position the alternator and the timing
system belt.
•
Position the screw and pre-tighten it.
ENG - 118
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Position the screw and tighten the nut.
•
Using the belt tensioning tool, tension
Engine
the belt to the prescribed torque and
tighten the set screw.
•
Remove the belt tensioning tool.
•
Lock the set screw in position by
screwing the lock nut.
Specific tooling
020677Y Alternator belt tensioner
•
Tighten the alternator fixing screws.
ENG - 119
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine
•
Position the timing system cover.
•
Tighten the five screws, operating in
oblique direction and in stages.
Starter motor
Removing the starter motor
•
Undo and remove the two screws and
collect the washers.
•
Slide off the starter motor.
ENG - 120
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine
Clutch side
Disassembling the clutch
Key:
1. Complete clutch
2. Clutch
3. Clutch bell
4. TCEI screw
5. Clutch disc
6. Crown
7. TCEI screw
8. Clutch pressure plate
9. Ring
10.TE flanged screw
11.Conical washer
12.Bushing
13.Rod
14.Bushing
15.Intermediate body
16.Thrust bearing
17.Clutch control bowl
ENG - 121
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18.Thrust cylinder
19.Clutch control cylinder
20.TE flanged screw
•
Remove the complete gearbox.
•
Undo and remove the six screws.
•
Remove the start-up crown gear.
•
Remove the clutch bell and the friction
disc.
•
Remove the Seeger ring.
•
Remove the clutch pressure plate.
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•
Engine
Undo and remove the six screws and
collect the belleville springs.
•
Remove the clutch disc.
See also
Removing the gearbox
Checking the clutch actuator
If the clutch is replaced, measure the length of the
clutch control rod in order to use the correct rod.
Measure as follows:
•
Fit the new clutch on the crankshaft.
•
Fit the clutch control bowl in the gearbox.
•
Fit the gearbox on the engine block.
•
Fit the tool in the gearbox to determine
the clutch control rod length.
•
Measure rod protrusion using a depth
gauge (see picture).
•
According to the value found, select
the correct rod based on the following
table:
Specific tooling
ENG - 123
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine
020678Y Tool for clutch rod checking
CLUTCH CONTROL ROD SELECTION
Specification
Protrusion: 9.8 - 11.2 mm (0.386 - 0.441 in)
Protrusion: 8.3 - 9.7 mm (0.327 - 0.382 in)
Protrusion: 6.8 - 8.2 mm (0.268 - 0.323 in)
Protrusion: 5.3 - 6.7 mm (0.209 - 0.264 in)
Desc./Quantity
Clutch control rod length (code 976593) = 183 mm (7.205 in)
Clutch control rod length (code 976594) = 184.5 mm (7.264 in)
Clutch control rod length (code 976595) = 186 mm (7.323 in)
Clutch control rod length (code 976596) = 187.5 mm (7.382 in)
Assembling the clutch
•
Lock crankshaft rotation with the
crankpin facing upwards.
•
Place the clutch disc with the reference
facing upwards.
•
Fasten the clutch disc on the crankshaft with the six screws, Loctite 243
and the belleville springs.
•
Place the clutch pressure plate.
•
Fit the tool to centre and compress the
plate.
•
Fully tighten the two centring tool
screws.
Specific tooling
020672Y Clutch spring centre and pusher
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•
Engine
Once the centring tool is fitted, lock the
plate with the snap ring.
•
Undo and remove the two screws fixing
the tool.
•
Remove the special tool.
•
Place the friction disc; centre it.
•
Place the clutch bell with the reference
facing upwards.
•
Place the start-up crown gear with the
reference facing upwards.
•
Tighten the six screws to the prescribed torque operating diagonally and in
stages.
ENG - 125
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Head and timing
Key:
1. Right cylinder head
2. Stud bolt
3. Cylinder head gasket
4. Right rocking lever support
5. Screw
6. Pin
7. Nut
8. Right exhaust, left intake rocking lever
9. Left exhaust, right intake rocking lever
10.Set screw
11.Nut
12.Rocking lever rod
13.Tappet bowl
14.Flanged screw
15.Spacer
16.Camshaft
17.Pin
18.Timing system gear
19.Breather plate
ENG - 126
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20.TE flanged screw
21.O-ring
22.Complete breather cover
23.TBEI screw
24.Timing system chain
25.Chain guide slider
26.Chain tensioner pad
27.Chain tensioner screw
28.Right chain tensioner
29.Left cylinder head
30.Stud bolt
31.Cylinder head gasket
32.Left rocking lever support
33.Screw
34.Pin
35.Nut
36.Right exhaust, left intake rocking lever
37.Left exhaust, right intake rocking lever
38.Set screw
39.Nut
40.Rocking lever rod
41.Tappet bowl
42.Flanged screw
43.Spacer
44.Camshaft
45.Pin
46.Timing system gear
47.Breather plate
48.TE flanged screw
49.O-ring
50.Complete breather cover
51.TBEI screw
52.Timing system chain
53.Chain guide slider
54.Chain tensioner pad
55.Chain tensioner screw
56.Left chain tensioner
57.Spacer
ENG - 127
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Removing the head cover
NOTE
THE OPERATIONS DESCRIBED BELOW REFER TO REMOVING ONLY ONE HEAD BUT APPLY
TO BOTH HEADS.
•
Disconnect the spark plug tube.
•
Undo and remove the four head cover
fixing screws and collect the sealing Orings.
•
Remove the head cover together with
the gasket.
Removing the cylinder head
CAUTION
WHEN REMOVING THE COMPONENTS, MARK THE POSITION OF EACH PART VERY CAREFULLY IN ORDER TO PLACE THEM IN THEIR ORIGINAL POSITION UPON FITTING.
•
Remove the head cover.
•
Undo and remove the two screws
•
Remove the cap.
ENG - 128
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•
Undo and remove the screw.
•
Remove the timing system upper gear
Engine
bulkhead.
For the right head:
•
Unscrew and remove the chain tensioner cap.
•
Remove the right chain tensioner.
For the left head:
•
Undo and remove the screw and the
washer.
•
Relief oil pressure from the left chain
tensioner.
ENG - 129
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•
Slide off the timing system gear from
the chain to remove it from the camshaft.
•
Unscrew and remove the four nuts on
the stud bolts.
•
Remove the complete cam cap.
•
Undo and remove the two screws.
•
Remove the head.
•
Fit the timing system upper gear back
to the chain.
•
Fit the chain tensioner cap temporarily
and keep the chain taut on the service
shaft.
ENG - 130
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Collect the two head dowel pins.
•
Collect the gasket between the head
Engine
and the cylinder.
See also
Removing the head cover
Cylinder head
Removing the overhead camshaft
CAUTION
WHEN REMOVING THE COMPONENTS, MARK THE POSITION OF EACH PART VERY CAREFULLY IN ORDER TO PLACE THEM IN THEIR ORIGINAL POSITION UPON FITTING.
•
Remove the two rocking levers from
the cam cap.
•
Remove the two rods.
•
Undo and remove the four screws.
•
Remove the U-bolt.
ENG - 131
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•
Remove the camshaft.
•
Remove the bowls from the cam cap,
and mark their position so as not interchange them when refitting.
See also
Removing the rocker arms
Removing the rocker arms
CAUTION
WHEN REMOVING THE COMPONENTS, MARK THE POSITION OF EACH PART VERY CAREFULLY IN ORDER TO PLACE THEM IN THEIR ORIGINAL POSITION UPON FITTING.
•
Remove the cam cap from the stud
bolts.
•
Undo and remove the two screws.
•
Remove the U-bolt.
ENG - 132
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•
Engine
Remove the two rocking levers from
the cam cap.
See also
Removing the cylinder head
Removing the valves
•
Remove the head.
•
Place the special tool on the upper cap
and at the centre of the head of the
valve to be removed.
Specific tooling
10.90.72.00 Tool for valve removal and refitting
AP9100838 Tool for valve pressure plate
•
Tighten the tool screw until fitted, and
then hit the tool head (where the upper
cap works) with a mallet so that the two
cotters (1) get detached from the upper
cap (2).
•
Once the two cotters (1) are detached,
screw these cotters until they can be
slid off the valve seats; unscrew the
tool and remove it from the head.
•
Slide off the upper cap (2).
•
Remove the spring (3).
•
Remove the lower cap (5) and the
valve guide oil seal (4), if necessary.
•
Remove the valve (6) from inside the
head.
Checking the valve guides
Use a punch to extract the valve guides from the heads.
ENG - 133
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Engine
The valve guides should be replaced only if the clearance between them and the stem cannot be eliminated by simply replacing the valves.
To refit the valve guides on the head, follow this procedure:
•
Heat the head in an oven at about 60°C (140°F).
•
Lubricate the valve guide.
•
Fit the circlips.
•
Press the valve guide with a punch.
•
Use a reamer to bore the holes the valve stems slide through so that the inside diameter is
at the prescribed value. The interference between the seat on the head and the valve guide
must be 0.046 - 0.075 mm (0.0018 - 0.0030 in)
VALVE GUIDE COUPLING - VALVES (INLET)
Specification
Valve guide inside diameter
Valve stem diameter
Fitting clearance
Desc./Quantity
5.0 ÷ 5.012 mm (0.19685 ÷ 0.19732 in)
4.972 ÷ 4.987 mm (0.19574 ÷ 0.19633 in)
0.013 ÷ 0.040 mm (0.00051 ÷ 0.00157 in)
VALVE GUIDE COUPLING - VALVES (OUTLET)
Specification
Valve guide inside diameter
Valve stem diameter
Fitting clearance
Desc./Quantity
5.0 ÷ 5.012 mm (0.19685 ÷ 0.19732 in)
4.960 ÷ 4.975 mm (0.19527 ÷ 0.19587 in)
0.025 ÷ 0.052 mm (0.00098 ÷ 0.00205 in)
Checking the cylinder head
Check that:
•
the faying surfaces with the cover and the cylinder are not scored or damaged, jeopardising
a perfect sealing.
•
Check that the tolerance between the valve guide holes and the valve stems is within the
prescribed limits.
•
Check the valve seats are in good conditions.
INLET VALVE SEAT DETAIL DRAWING
ENG - 134
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OUTLET VALVE SEAT DETAIL DRAWING
- If the width of the mark on the valve seat is larger than the prescribed limits, true the seats with a 45°
milling cutter and then grind.
- Replace the head in case of excessive wear or damage.
Installing the valves
NOTE
THE FOLLOWING OPERATIONS REFER TO REMOVING ONLY ONE HEAD BUT APPLY TO BOTH
HEADS.
•
Place the valve guide oil seal (4) in the
head.
•
Place the lower cap (5).
•
Place the valve (6) inside the head.
•
Place the spring (3).
•
Fit the upper cap (2).
•
Place the two cotters (1) on the seats
in the valves.
•
By compressing the spring (3) with the
special tool, fit the valve cotters.
Specific tooling
10.90.72.00 Tool for valve removal and refitting
AP9100838 Tool for valve pressure plate
•
Remove the special tool
ENG - 135
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Installing the rocker arms
•
Fit the camshaft.
•
Fit the two rods.
•
Place the two rocking levers in the cam
cap seats.
•
Place the U-bolt on the rocking levers
making sure the two reference pins
match the seats on the cam cap.
•
Tighten the two screws operating diagonally and in stages.
See also
Installing the overhead camshaft
ENG - 136
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Engine
Installing the overhead camshaft
•
Place the bowls in the cam cap, if those
previously removed are refitted be
careful not to interchange them.
•
Place the camshaft with the gear seat
on the dowel side.
•
Place the U-bolt on the camshaft making sure the two reference pins match
the seats on the cam cap.
•
Tighten the four screws operating diagonally and in stages.
Timing
ENG - 137
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine
Removing the phonic wheel
•
Remove the generator and the timing
system cover.
•
Unscrew and remove the nut and collect the washer.
•
Remove the timing system gear on the
service shaft.
•
Remove the timing sensor and any
shim washers.
•
Remove the tone wheel.
•
Remove the cotter and shim washer
from the service shaft.
See also
Removing the generator
Service shaft removal
•
Remove the tone wheel.
•
Remove both cylinders.
•
Undo and remove the two screws.
•
Remove the service shaft closing cap.
ENG - 138
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•
Engine
Mark the timing chains so as not to invert the direction of rotation upon fitting.
•
Slide off the service shaft from the
chains.
•
Remove both chains.
See also
Removing the phonic wheel
Installing the service shaft
•
Place the service shaft bearing (if previously removed) on the crankcase.
•
Fix it to the seat with the lock washer
and screw.
•
Fit the timing chains according to the
references marked at the removal
phase.
•
Lubricate the service shaft.
•
Insert the service shaft in its crankcase
seat by sliding it through the two
chains.
•
Fit each chain to the corresponding
service shaft gear.
•
Fit the roller cage and a new O-ring on
the service shaft closing cap.
ENG - 139
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•
Partially fit the service shaft closing
cap.
•
To screw the cap until it stops, use two
M6 flanged screws larger than the original screws.
•
Tighten the two M6 flanged screws operating in stages until the cap stops
against the crankcase.
•
Undo and remove the two M6 flanged
screws.
•
Tighten the cap with the two original
TBEI screws.
Installing sliders
•
Fit the crankshaft and the service shaft
on the crankcase.
•
Fit the fixed chain sliders and tighten
the fixing screws.
•
Tighten the chain caps with O-rings.
•
The operations related to the movable
chain sliders are described in the cylinder fitting section.
See also
Installing the crankshaft
Installing the service shaft
ENG - 140
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Cam timing
•
Fit the crankshaft and the service shaft
on the crankcase.
•
Fit the cylinders.
•
Turn the crankshaft until the left cylinder piston reaches the top dead centre
(TDC).
•
Fit the cotter and the shim washer on
the service shaft.
•
Fit the tone wheel with the chamfered
side facing the crankcase on the service shaft.
•
Lock crankshaft rotation.
•
Unscrew and remove the nut fixing the
crankshaft gear.
•
Remove the oil pump control gear.
Specific tooling
12.91.18.01 Tool to lock flywheel and start-up
crown gear
•
Fit the timing system gear and align the
reference with that on the crankshaft
gear. Turn the crankshaft to align the
two gears.
ENG - 141
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•
After shimming the timing sensor properly, proceed to fit it.
•
Fit the washer and tighten the timing
system gear fixing nut of the service
shaft.
•
Place a new gasket between the crankcase and the oil pump.
•
Place the oil pump.
•
Tighten the three screws fixing the oil
pump.
•
Place the driving pin on the oil pump
shaft.
ENG - 142
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•
Place the gear on the oil pump shaft.
•
Place the washer on the oil pump shaft.
•
Tighten the nut to the specified torque.
•
Place the oil pump control gear on the
Engine
crankshaft and align its reference with
that marked during the removal phase
on the oil pump driven gear.
•
Tighten the nut to the specified torque.
•
Tighten the screw with the washer to
the prescribed torque.
See also
Installing the crankshaft
Installing the service shaft
Measuring air gap
ENG - 143
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Measuring air gap
•
Undo and remove the two screws and
remove the sensor.
•
Insert a suitable plain washer on the
sensor and note its thickness.
•
Place the sensor on the crankcase and move it until it makes contact with the tone wheel.
•
Measure the clearance between the fixing plate and the crankcase with a thickness gauge.
Subtract the plain washer value from this measurement to obtain the clearance between the
sensor and the tone wheel.
•
Remove the washer and fit the sensor after applying adequate sealing paste on the fixing
plate, then tighten the screws to the prescribed torque.
ENG - 144
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Cylinder-piston assembly
Key:
1. Right cylinder
2. Piston
3. Screw
4. Top piston ring
5. Middle piston ring
6. Oil scraper piston ring
7. Pin
8. Snap ring
9. Cylinder base gasket
10.Stud bolt
11.Pin
12.Cylinder head gasket
13.Left cylinder
14.Washer
15.Chain tensioner cap
16.Washer
17.Left chain tensioner
18.Right chain tensioner
ENG - 145
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Engine
Removing the cylinder
NOTE
THE OPERATIONS DESCRIBED BELOW REFER TO REMOVING ONLY ONE HEAD BUT APPLY
TO BOTH HEADS.
•
Remove the head, the gasket between
the head and the cylinder and the two
dowel pins.
•
Slide off the movable chain slider.
•
Remove the cylinder from the stud
bolts.
•
Remove the two dowel pins on the stud
bolts.
•
Remove the two gaskets between the
crankcase and the cylinder.
•
Cover the crankcase opening with a
clean cloth.
See also
Removing the cylinder head
Disassembling the piston
NOTE
THE OPERATIONS DESCRIBED BELOW REFER TO REMOVING ONLY ONE HEAD BUT APPLY
TO BOTH HEADS.
•
Remove the cylinder.
•
Cover the crankcase opening with a
clean cloth.
•
Disengage the pin clip.
•
Remove the pin.
ENG - 146
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•
Engine
Mark the piston crown on the outlet
side to remember its position when refitting.
•
Remove the piston.
Fitting the piston
NOTE
THE OPERATIONS DESCRIBED BELOW REFER TO REMOVING ONLY ONE HEAD BUT APPLY
TO BOTH HEADS.
•
The reference on the piston ring must
be facing the piston crown.
•
Fit the piston rings on the piston: - the
oil scraper in the lower slot; - the thicker
smooth ring in the intermediate slot; the less thick smooth ring in the upper
slot.
•
The piston rings must be offset at 120°
one from the other.
•
Fit one of the two pin snap rings on the
piston.
•
Lock crankshaft rotation.
Specific tooling
12.91.18.01 Tool to lock flywheel and start-up
crown gear
•
Fit the piston.
NOTE
CHECK THE PISTON DIRECTION ACCORDING TO THE REFERENCES MARKED ON THE PISTON
CROWN. DO NOT ASSEMBLE PISTONS AND CYLINDERS OF DIFFERENT SELECTOR TYPES.
ENG - 147
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•
Insert the pin.
•
Insert the snap ring.
Specific tooling
020470Y Pin snap ring fitting tool
Installing the cylinder
RIGHT CYLINDER
•
Fit the piston.
•
Remove the cloth used to prevent foreign bodies from getting into the crankcase.
•
Turn the rings so that the coupling ends
are 120 degrees from each other.
•
Place a new metal gasket between the
crankcase and the cylinder. Place the
two dowel pins on the stud bolts. Lubricate the piston and the cylinder.
Lock connecting rod motion with the
fork tool. Using the suitable piston ring
clamp tool, place the cylinder and fit the
chain in the timing system plate.
CAUTION
DURING THIS OPERATION, PAY ATTENTION NOT TO
DAMAGE THE PISTON.
Specific tooling
020674Y Piston ring clamp
ENG - 148
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Engine
020716Y Connecting rod locking
•
Remove the piston ring clamp tool and
finish positioning the cylinder.
Specific tooling
020674Y Piston ring clamp
•
Fit the movable chain slider.
•
Fit the upper gear.
•
Fit the chain tensioner and the chain
tensioner cap temporarily and keep the
chain taut on the service shaft.
LEFT CYLINDER
•
Fit the piston.
•
Remove the cloth used to prevent foreign bodies from getting into the crankcase.
•
Turn the rings so that the coupling ends
are 120 degrees from each other.
•
Place a new metal gasket between the
crankcase and the cylinder.
•
Place the two dowel pins on the stud
bolts.
•
Undo the screw which will be used to
time the upper gear.
ENG - 149
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Engine
•
Check that the oil in the left cylinder
chain tensioner has been drained off
by compressing it. If the operation is
difficult, use a pin drive to push the
central hole so that the oil is drained off
from the circuit.
•
Fit the chain tensioner in the cylinder.
•
Lubricate the piston and the cylinder.
•
Lock connecting rod motion with the fork tool.
•
Using the suitable piston ring clamp tool, place the cylinder and fit the chain in the timing
system plate.
CAUTION
DURING THIS OPERATION, PAY ATTENTION NOT TO DAMAGE THE PISTON.
Specific tooling
020674Y Piston ring clamp
020716Y Connecting rod locking
•
Fit the movable chain slider.
•
Fit the upper gear.
•
Fit the chain tensioner cap temporarily
and keep the chain taut on the service
shaft.
ENG - 150
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Engine
Installing the cylinder head
•
Fit the valves in the head, if previously
removed.
•
Take the left cylinder piston to TDC and
lock crankshaft rotation.
•
Determine the thickness of the gasket
to be fitted between the head and the
cylinder as described in the section:
Shimming system.
•
Place the two dowel pins.
•
Fit the gasket with the correct thickness between the head and the cylinder.
•
Fit the left cylinder head.
•
Fit a new O-ring in the spark plug hole.
•
Fit the complete cam cap.
•
Fix the cam cap with the four nuts on
the stud bolts.
ENG - 151
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•
Fix the head with the two screws.
•
Tighten nuts and screws to the prescribed torque operating diagonally and in
stages.
•
Loosen the valve set screws.
•
Using a thin screwdriver relief oil pressure from the left cylinder chain tensioner.
•
Screw two screws in the threaded
holes of the timing system upper gear.
•
Place the gear in the chain.
•
On the left camshaft pin, fit the hole
marked with the letter "L" of the timing
system gear.
•
Block the left chain tensioner hole with
screw and washer.
•
Rotate the crankshaft by 90°so that the
right cylinder piston reaches the TDC;
lock crankshaft rotation.
•
Also determine the thickness of the
gasket for the right cylinder, to be fitted
between the head and the cylinder as
described in the section: Shimming
system.
•
Place the two dowel pins.
ENG - 152
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•
Engine
Fit the gasket with the correct thickness between the head and the cylinder.
•
Fit the right cylinder head.
•
Unscrew and remove the right chain
tensioner cap.
•
Screw two screws in the threaded
holes of the timing system upper gear.
•
Place the gear in the chain.
•
On the right camshaft pin, fit the hole
marked with the letter "R" of the timing
system gear.
•
Screw the cap of the right chain tensioner.
•
Undo and remove the screws used to
place the gear on the camshaft.
•
Place the bulkhead and align the holes
with the timing system gear.
•
Fix the bulkhead on the timing system
gear using a screw with Loctite on the
thread.
•
Tighten the screw to the prescribed torque.
•
Also place the bulkhead of the other
head.
ENG - 153
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•
Place the cap.
•
Tighten the two screws to the prescribed torque.
•
Also place the cap of the other head.
•
Adjust valve clearance.
See also
Checking the valve clearance
Installing the head cover
•
Replace the gasket and install the
head cover.
•
Place the plastic half-cover.
•
Replace the four rubber rings.
•
Tighten the four screws to the prescribed torque.
•
Place the spark plug tube.
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine
Crankcase - crankshaft
Removing the crankshaft
•
Remove the clutch.
•
Remove the tone wheel and the oil
pump gear.
•
Working from the generator side, unscrew and remove the nut.
•
Remove both gears.
•
Remove the connecting rods.
•
Undo and remove the eight fixing
screws and collect the washers.
•
Hold the crankshaft during flange removal.
•
Using the suitable special tool, remove
the crankshaft flange.
•
Remove the sealing ring from the
flange, if necessary.
Specific tooling
12.91.36.00 Tool to remove the flywheel-side
flange
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine
•
Remove the crankshaft afterwards.
•
Collect the shim washer from inside the
crankcase.
See also
Disassembling the
clutch
Removing the phonic wheel
Disassembling the connecting rod
•
Remove both heads.
•
Remove the cylinders and the pistons.
•
Remove the oil sump.
•
Undo the coupling screws (A) inside
the crankcase and remove the connecting rods (B).
See also
Removing the flywheel
Disassembling the piston
Removing the cylinder
Removing the cylinder head
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine
Inspecting the crankshaft components
Check the surfaces of the main journals; if they are
scored or oval-shaped, reface them (observing the
undersize charts), and replace the main bushing/
s.
Reference (1) indicates the position where the coloured reference is applied to select diameter (B).
Reference (2) indicates the position where the coloured reference is applied to select balancing.
CRANKSHAFT SEAT (TIMING SYSTEM SIDE)
Specification
Diameter of crankshaft main journal, timing system side
Inside diameter of crankshaft bushing, timing system side
Clearance between bushing and main journal (timing system
side)
Desc./Quantity
37.975 - 37.959 mm (1.49507 - 1.49444 in)
38.016 - 38.0 mm (1.49669 - 1.49606 in)
0.025 - 0.057 mm (0.00098 - 0.00224 in)
CRANKSHAFT SEAT ( CLUTCH SIDE)
Specification
Diameter of crankshaft main journal, clutch side
Inside diameter of crankshaft bushing on clutch-side flange
Clearance between bushing and main journal (clutch side)
Desc./Quantity
53.97 - 53.961 mm (2.12480 - 2.12444 in)
54.019 - 54.0 mm (2.12673 - 2.12598 in)
0.030 - 0.058 mm (0.00118 - 0.00228 in)
CRANKPIN DIAMETER (B)
Specification
'Blue' bushing half-shell regular production
'Red' bushing half-shell regular production
Desc./Quantity
44.008 ÷ 44.014 mm (1.73259 ÷ 1.73283 in)
44.014 ÷ 44.020 mm (1.73283 ÷ 1.73307 in)
BALANCING SELECTION COLOURS (2)
Specification
Crankshaft selection colour (2) brown
Crankshaft selection colour (2) green
Crankshaft selection colour (2) black
Desc./Quantity
Type 1 to be used with brown connecting rods.
Balance with a 1558 g (54.96 oz) +/- 0.25% weight fitted on the
crankpin (B). Maximum imbalance allowed for each shoulder:
2 g (0.07 oz).
Type 2 to be used with green connecting rods.
Balance with a 1575 g (55.56 oz) +/- 0.25% weight fitted on the
crankpin (B). Maximum imbalance allowed for each shoulder:
2 g (0.07 oz).
Type 2 to be used with black connecting rods.
Balance with a 1592 g (56.16 oz) +/- 0.25% weight fitted on the
crankpin (B). Maximum imbalance allowed for each shoulder:
2 g (0.07 oz).
Checking the connecting rod
When examining the connecting rods, check that:
•
Bushing conditions and bushings-pins clearance;
•
Shaft parallelism;
•
Connecting rod bearings.
These are thin shell bearings, anti-friction alloy that does not allow for any adaptation; replace them
immediately if seizing or wear marks are found.
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine
Upon replacing the bearings it may be necessary to ream the crankshaft pin.
Before reaming the crankpin, measure the pin diameter (B) comparing it with the maximum wear allowed, as indicated in the figure; this defines what kind of undersizing the bearing should have and to
which diameter the pin (B) should be reamed.
Checking shaft parallelism
Check shafts for squaring before fitting them.
It is therefore necessary to check that the head holes and the rod small end are parallel and on the
same plane.
The maximum parallelism and plane error of the two head shafts and connecting rod small end should
be +/- 0.10 mm (0.00393 inch).
CONNECTING ROD BEARING THICKNESS
Specification
Regular 'Blue' connecting rod bearing (production)
Regular 'Red' connecting rod bearing (production)
Desc./Quantity
1.539 - 1.544 mm (0.06059 - 0.06079 in)
1.535 - 1.540 mm (0.06043 - 0.06063 in)
CRANKPIN DIAMETER (B)
Specification
'Blue' bushing half-shell regular production
'Red' bushing half-shell regular production
Desc./Quantity
44.008 ÷ 44.014 mm (1.73259 ÷ 1.73283 in)
44.014 ÷ 44.020 mm (1.73283 ÷ 1.73307 in)
PIN-BUSHING COUPLING DATA
Specification
Fitted and machined bushing - inside Ø
Pin diameter
Clearance between pin and bushing
Desc./Quantity
22.003 - 22.020 mm (0.86626 - 0.86692 in)
21.998 - 21.994 mm (0.86606 - 0.86590 in)
0.005 - 0.026 mm (0.000197 - 0.001024 in)
ENG - 158
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine
The connecting rods have a marked area for
weight selection.
The weight indicated in the chart includes screws,
dowels and the bushing.
CONNECTING ROD WEIGHT SELECTION
Specification
Connecting rod - brown
Connecting rod - green
Connecting rod - black
Desc./Quantity
0.588 - 0.598 mm (0.02074 - 0.02109 in)
0.598 - 0.608 mm (0.02109 - 0.02145 in)
0.608 - 0.618 mm (0.02145 - 0.02180 in)
Assembling the connecting rod
•
Lubricate the crankpin on which the
connecting rods are to be fixed.
•
If the connecting rods are not replaced,
be careful not to interchange the right
connecting rod with the left one and
vice versa.
To place the connecting rods: the two pins must
be facing the crankcase internal side.
•
Place the connecting rods and the
caps (B) on the crankshaft and fasten
them with new screws (A).
•
Remember these recommendations:
•
The screws fixing the connecting rods to the crankshaft must be replaced with new ones at
the following refitting as they are subject to high loads and stress;
•
The fitting clearance between bearing and connecting rod pin is 0.028 mm (0.0011 inch)
minimum and 0.052 mm (0.0020 inch) maximum;
•
The clearance between the shim washers of the connecting rod and those of the crankshaft
is comprised between 0.30 mm (0.01181 in) and 0.50 mm (0.01968 in);
•
Lock the screws (A) on the caps (B) with a torque wrench at the prescribed torque.
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine
PAY ATTENTION TO CRANKSHAFT ROTATION WHEN ONLY THE CONNECTING RODS ARE
FITTED BECAUSE IT COULD HIT THE TWO LUBRICATION JETS INSIDE THE CRANKCASE.
Installing the crankshaft
•
Fit the shim washer inside the crankcase with the chamfered side facing
the generator side.
•
Lubricate the crankshaft bushing on
the crankcase, generator side.
•
Use the sealing ring fitting tool on the flywheel-side flange to fit the sealing ring on the flange.
Specific tooling
19.92.71.00 Tool to fit the sealing ring on the flywheel-side flange
•
Fit a new gasket between the crankcase and the crankshaft flange, flywheel side.
•
Fit the crankshaft on the crankcase,
flywheel side.
•
Mark the crankshaft on the flywheel
side with the crankpin facing upwards.
•
Place the suitable sealing ring centring
tool on the crankshaft.
Specific tooling
12.91.20.00 Tool to fit the flywheel-side flange
together with sealing ring on the crankshaft
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Engine
Place the flywheel-side flange on the
crankshaft and check if the dowel pin
with the O-ring is correctly placed.
•
When fitting the flange on the crankcase, make sure that the three dowel
pins match the seats on the crankcase.
•
Apply Teflon tape on the two lower fixing screws at the back in order to prevent oil leaks.
•
Screw the eight flange screws on the
flywheel side proceeding diagonally.
•
Remove the sealing ring centring tool from the crankshaft.
Specific tooling
12.91.20.00 Tool to fit the flywheel-side flange together with sealing ring on the crankshaft
•
To avoid that the shim washer inside
the crankcase moves out of its seat, fit
the two gears and the nut on the crankshaft on the generator side.
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine
Refitting the crankcase halves
In case the lubrication jets are removed, replace
them with two new of the same type. Check that
the O-ring is fitted on the jets.
Do not interchange them upon refitting because
they have a different length.
Lubrication
Conceptual diagrams
Key:
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine
1. Oil radiator
2. Oil delivery pipe to heads
3. Oil delivery pipe to radiator
4. Oil pump body
5. Oil pump gasket
6. Rotor for lubrication
7. Rotor for cooling
8. Rotor control shaft
9. Oil pump cover
10.Oil pump control gear
11.Lubrication oil intake filter
12.Cooling oil intake filter
The oil pump is operated by the gear (10) which receives the motion directly from the crankshaft. The
gear (10) is mounted on the shaft (8), on which two rotors are fitted: one for engine cooling (7) and
another for lubrication (6).
Cooling:
The rotor (7) takes in oil from the sump through the filter (12); the oil is sent to the radiator (1) through
the hoses (3). Oil passes through the radiator (1) dispersing part of the heat and reaches the heads
through the hoses (2). Oil goes down to the sump again and joins the oil used for lubrication.
Lubrication:
The rotor (6) takes in oil from the sump through the filter (11); the oil is sent through special ducts in
the crankcase to all the parts to be lubricated. Oil goes down to the sump again and joins the oil used
for cooling.
Oil pump
Removing
•
Drain off the engine oil.
•
Remove the generator and the timing
system cover.
•
Unscrew and remove the nipple.
•
Collect the gasket.
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine
•
Remove the nipple - oil pump fitting.
•
Bring the left cylinder piston to the TDC
in combustion phase.
•
Mark a reference on the oil pump control gear and another on the driven
gear so as to place them correctly
again upon refitting.
•
Unscrew and remove the nut on the
crankshaft.
•
Remove the oil pump control gear.
•
Screw the nut again so that the internal
shim washer does not fall in the crankshaft crankcase.
•
Unscrew and remove the driven gear
nut.
•
Collect the washer.
•
Remove the oil pump driven gear.
•
Remove the driving pin.
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Undo and remove the three screws.
•
Remove the oil pump.
•
Remove the gasket between the
Engine
crankcase and the oil pump.
See also
Replacement
Removing the generator
Installing
•
Place a new gasket between the crankcase and the oil pump.
•
Place the oil pump.
•
Tighten the three screws fixing the oil
pump.
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Engine
•
Place the driving pin on the oil pump
shaft.
•
Place the gear on the oil pump shaft.
•
Place the washer on the oil pump shaft.
•
Tighten the nut to the specified torque.
•
Place the oil pump control gear on the
crankshaft and align its reference with
that marked during the removal phase
on the oil pump driven gear.
•
Tighten the nut to the specified torque.
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Insert the joint in the oil pump.
•
Fit the nipple with the gasket on the
Engine
crankcase.
•
Tighten the nipple to the prescribed
torque.
Removing the oil sump
NOTE
TO REMOVE THE OIL SUMP, PLACE A SUITABLE CONTAINER UNDER IT TO COLLECT THE
USED OIL AND DRAIN OUT ALL OIL.
•
If necessary, the filter can be removed with the suitable special tool.
Specific tooling
01.92.91.00 Wrench for removing the cover on sump and filter
•
Unscrew and remove the oil level plug
and collect the O-Ring.
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Engine
•
Undo and remove the fourteen screws
fixing the oil sump to the engine crankcase.
•
Undo and remove the four screws.
•
Remove the flange.
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•
Undo and remove the two screws.
•
Remove both filters.
•
Unscrew and remove the plug.
•
Remove the thermostatic valve.
•
Unscrew and remove the pressure re-
Engine
lief valve plug.
•
Remove the pressure relief valve components
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Engine
Refitting the oil sump
•
Place the pressure relief valve components correctly.
•
Screw the pressure relief valve plug.
•
Place the thermostatic valve.
CHECK THAT THE ENGINE OIL PASSAGE HOLE IS NOT
CLOGGED.
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•
Tighten the thermostatic valve plug.
•
Place a new gasket between the crank-
Engine
case and the flange.
•
Fit the flange.
•
Fix the flange with the four screws.
•
Fit the lubrication oil intake filter.
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Engine
•
Check that the O-rings are fitted on the
oil pump.
•
Fit the cooling oil intake filter.
•
Fix both filters and tighten the two
screws to the prescribed torque.
•
Fit a new oil filter and tighten it to the
prescribed torque.
•
Place a new gasket between the flange
and the sump.
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Place the oil sump.
•
Tighten the fourteen screws to the pre-
Engine
scribed torque.
•
Add engine oil up to the correct level.
Blow-by
The figure illustrates the correct position for the
fastening clamps of the pipes on the blow-by tank.
Both blow-by and clutch pipes should be laid, in
the front part of the chassis, underneath the main
cable harness.
Fuel pipes in the area underneath the fuel tank
should be laid over the (grey) blow-by pipes.
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Engine
Blow-by pipes laying on the right-hand size of the
vehicle.
Blow-by pipes laying on the left-hand size of the
vehicle.
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INDEX OF TOPICS
POWER SUPPLY
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P SUPP
GRISO 8V - 1200
Power supply
Circuit diagram
Key:
1. Complete fuel pump unit
2. Screw
3. Fuel pipe
4. Pipe
5. Screw
FUEL PIPES LAYING
The fuel pipes should be laid in the innermost position compared to the electrical connections.
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Power supply
The shortest part of the fuel pipe connected to the
throttle bodies should be placed on the right.
Fuel pipes in the area underneath the fuel tank
should be laid over the (grey) blow-by pipes.
Injection
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Power supply
Diagram
Key:
1 Control unit
2 Ignition switch
3 Battery
4 Fuel pump
5 Coils
6 Instrument panel
7 Air temperature sensor
8. Throttle valve position sensor
9 Injectors
10 Engine temperature sensor
11 Crankshaft position sensor
12. Side stand
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Power supply
13 Lambda probe
14 Fall sensor
THROTTLE BODY PIPES LAYING
Pipes from the throttle body to the idle motor
should be laid so that the shaped part is inserted
in the air filter casing.
The shortest part of the fuel pipe connected to the
throttle bodies should be placed on the right.
Cylinders synchronisation
•
With engine off, connect the Axone
2000 tool to the diagnosis connector
and to the vehicle battery.
•
Turn on the scanner.
•
Screw the joints connecting the vacuometer pipes on the inlet pipe holes.
•
Connect the vacuometer pipes to the
relative joints.
•
Set the key to ON.
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Power supply
•
Make sure there are no errors in the
control unit; otherwise, solve them and
repeat the procedure.
•
Make sure the left throttle is fully in.
DO NOT TOUCH THE THROTTLE ABUTMENT SCREW OR
THE THROTTLE BODY MUST BE REPLACED. CHECK
THAT THE THROTTLE RETURN CABLE IS NOT TAUT.
•
The Axone should display the adjustable parameters screen page.
•
Autodetect the throttle position.
•
Turn the key to "OFF" and leave it for
at least 30 seconds.
•
Turn the key back to "ON" and restore
the Axone session.
•
Check that the "Throttle" value reading
is 4.7 +/- 0.2°. If the value is incorrect,
replace the control unit and repeat the
procedure from the start.
•
Completely close the two by-pass
screws on the throttle bodies.
•
Start the engine.
•
Take the engine to the prescribe temperature: 60 °C (140 °F).
•
Make the engine rev at 2000/3000 rpm
and with the vacuometer check that the
difference between the two pressures
is 1 cm Hg (1.33 kPa) maximum.
If this condition is detected:
•
take the engine back to idle and check
the depression values so that they are
aligned between the two cylinders.
Otherwise, open only the screw with
higher depression, using the by-pass
screws, to compensate.
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Power supply
If there is a larger difference:
•
act on the set screw of the throttle body
connecting rod to reduce the pressure
difference in the two pipes.
•
Repeat the procedure "Throttle position self-learning" as explained above.
•
Bring the engine back to idle and check
the depression values so that they are
aligned between the two cylinders.
•
Otherwise, open only the screw with
higher depression, using the by-pass
screws, to compensate.
Recovery function
If the signal of the following sensors is interrupted, the control unit determines some values to keep the
engine running or it uses a different parameter. The instrument panel and the Axone also signal the
problem.
RECOVERY FUNCTION
Specification
air temperature
engine temperature
barometric pressure
throttle valve potentiometer
idle motor
Desc./Quantity
25 °C (77 °F)
30 °C (86 °F)
with linear increase from the air temperature at ignition
1010 hPa
2.9° at idle, otherwise variable.
fixed value variable depending on the vehicle
Using axone for injection system
Injection
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Power supply
Iso screen page
ISO
This display shows general data regarding the
control unit, for example software type, mapping,
control unit programming date
ISO DISPLAY
Specification
Mapping
Desc./Quantity
-
Engine parameter reading screen page
ENGINE PARAMETER READING
This display shows the parameters measured by
the several sensors (engine revs, engine temperature, etc.) or values set by the control unit (injection time, ignition advance, etc.)
ENGINE PARAMETER READING SCREEN PAGE
Specification
Engine rpm
Injection time
Ignition advance
Air temperature
Engine temperature
Battery voltage
Throttle
Atmospheric pressure
Lambda probe
Lambda integrator
Vehicle speed
Desc./Quantity
Engine revolutions per minute: the minimum value is set by the
control unit cannot be adjusted
- ms
-°
°C
Temperature of the air taken in by the engine, measured by the
sensor in the filter casing. This is not the temperature indicated
by the instrument panel
°C
V
Value corresponding to the throttle when closed (approximate
value between 4.5 and 4.9°) (left throttle supported by the end
of stroke screw). If a different value is read, it is necessary to
activate the parameter "Throttle positioner autodetection" and
obtain this value.
1015 mPa (approximate values)
The sensor is inside the instrument panel
100 - 900 mV (approximate values)
Signal when energised that the control unit receives from the
lambda probe: inversely proportional to the presence of oxygen
When the control unit uses the lambda probe signal (see the
'Lambda' parameter on the 'Device status' display) this value
should be close to 0%
- km/h
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Power supply
Specification
Target engine revs
Desc./Quantity
1150 rpm (approximate values)
Parameter valid at idle, setting depends especially on the engine temperature: the control unit will try to keep the engine
running at this revs, acting on the ignition advance and the
Stepper motor
70 - 100 (approximate values)
Steps corresponding to the Stepper motor reference position
70 - 150 (approximate values)
Steps set by the control unit for the Stepper motor. At idle, steps
so that the engine keeps the target engine revs set by the control unit
Difference between current steps of motor at idle and those at
the reference position
0°
With engine not at idle speed, this value indicates the throttle
degrees corresponding to the Stepper motor air flow
Stepper base
CL Stepper
Stepper regulator
Virtual throttle angle from Stepper
Device status screen page
DEVICE STATUS
This screen page shows the status (ON/OFF only)
of the vehicle devices or the operation condition of
some vehicle systems (for example, lambda probe
functioning status)
DEVICE STATUS
Specification
Engine status
Throttle position
Stand
IGNITION
RUN / STOP switch
Clutch
Gear engaged
Fall sensor
Lambda
Synchronisation
Desc./Quantity
ON/run/power-latch/stopped
operation conditions
Released / pressed
indicates if the throttle potentiometer is open or closed
Retracted / expanded
indicates the position of the side stand (only with gear engaged)
Enabled / disabled
indicates if the control unit consents engine start-up
Run / stop
indicates the position of the safety switch
No / Yes
indicates the clutch sensor status
No / Yes
indicates the gear sensor status
Normal / Tip over
indicates the vehicle fall sensor status
Open loop / Closed loop
Indicates if the control unit is using (CLOSED) the lambda
probe signal to keep the stoichiometric combustion. At idle
CLOSED only if: Air T over 20°C (68°F) and engine T over 30°
C (86°F) and engine on for at least 2-3 minutes
Synchronised / Not synchronised
Indicates if the control unit detects the revolution sensor signal
correctly
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Power supply
Devices activation screen page
DEVICES ACTIVATION
This displays is used to delete errors in the control
unit memory and activate some systems controlled by the control unit
DEVICES ACTIVATION
Specification
Left coil
Right coil
Left injector
Right injector
Error clearing
Desc./Quantity
operation for 2.5 m, 5 times
operation for 2.5 m, 5 times
Operation for 4 m, 5 times
Operation for 4 m, 5 times
By pressing the 'enter' button, the stored errors (MEM) become
part of the historical data (STO). In the next connection between the Axone and the control unit, the historical errors
(STO) are no longer shown
Operation for 30''
For 4'', advancement control of 32 steps; for the next 4'', retrocession control of 32 steps and so on for 30''
Fuel pump
Stepper control
Errors display screen page
ERRORS DISPLAY
This screen page shows potential errors detected
in the vehicle (ATT) or stored in the control unit
(MEM) and it is possible to check error deletion
(STO)
ERRORS DISPLAY
Specification
Pressure sensor
Air temperature
Engine temperature
Throttle actuator position sensor
Lambda probe
Left injector
Desc./Quantity
Possible short circuit in the earth lead, battery or open circuit:
recovery function noticeable for customer. Careful with the air
pressure sensor in the instrument panel
Possible short circuit in the earth lead, battery or open circuit:
recovery function hardly noticeable for customer.
Possible short circuit in the earth lead, battery or open circuit:
recovery function.
Possible short circuit in the earth lead, battery or open circuit:
recovery function noticeable for customer.
Possible short circuit on the earth lead, battery or open circuit
or plausibility: recovery function hardly noticeable for customer.
Possible short circuit in the earth lead, battery or open circuit.
If both injectors do not work, the engine does not work
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Power supply
Specification
Right injector
Fuel pump relay
Left coil
Right coil
Idle regulator
Battery voltage
Starter diagnosis
Engine revolution sensor
Lambda heater
SPEED SENSOR
CAN line diagnosis
RAM memory
ROM memory
Microprocessor
Checksum EPROM
Desc./Quantity
Possible short circuit in the earth lead, battery or open circuit.
If both injectors do not work, the engine does not work
Possible short circuit in the earth lead, battery or open circuit:
the engine does not start.
Possible short circuit in the earth lead, battery or open circuit.
If both coils do not work, the engine does not work.
Possible short circuit in the earth lead, battery or open circuit.
If both coils do not work, the engine does not work.
Possible short circuit in the earth lead, battery or open circuit:
recovery function noticeable for the customer due to no idle
management
Battery voltage detected is too low (7V) or too high (16V) for a
certain period
Possible short circuit in the earth lead, battery or open circuit.
Possible open circuit.
Possible short circuit in the earth lead, battery or lambda probe
heating circuit open.
Possible short circuit in the earth lead, battery or speed sensor
circuit open: also possible lack of supply from the control unit
Possible error on the CAN line: short circuit or line break or no
signal or plausibility error detected.
Possible internal control unit error. Also check the control unit
supply and earth connections
Possible internal control unit error. Also check the control unit
supply and earth connections
Possible internal control unit error. Also check the control unit
supply and earth connections
Possible internal control unit error. Also check the control unit
supply and earth connections
Adjustable parameters screen page
ADJUSTABLE PARAMETERS
This screen page is used to adjust some control
unit parameters
ADJUSTABLE PARAMETERS
Specification
Throttle positioner autodetection
Desc./Quantity
Allows the control unit to detect the closed throttle position: just
press the enter button
P SUPP - 185
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INDEX OF TOPICS
SUSPENSIONS
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SUSP
GRISO 8V - 1200
Suspensions
Front
Removing the front wheel
•
Working from both sides, undo and remove the two fixing screws from the
front brake callipers and remove them
from their seats.
•
Support the front part of the vehicle.
•
Unscrew and remove the nut fixing the
wheel bolt and collect the sealing ring.
•
Working from both sides, loosen the
screws on the wheel bolt clamps.
•
Hit the wheel pin slightly with a rubber
hammer so that the hole on the opposite side is exposed.
SUSP - 187
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Suspensions
•
Take out the wheel bolt by inserting a
screwdriver in the bolt holes.
•
Upon extracting the wheel, hold it and
then remove it.
•
Collect the spacer from the front wheel
right side.
Front fork
Diagram
Key:
SUSP - 188
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Suspensions
1. Radial fork right stem
2. Radial fork left stem
3. Sleeve
4. Pumping member attachment bushing
5. Spring
6. Complete preloading pipe
7. Spacer
8. Washer
9. Complete pumping element
10.Washer
11.Ring
12.Complete sleeve cap
13.O-ring
14.O-ring
15.O-ring
16.Snap ring
17.TE flanged screw M8x40
18.Stem + right wheel holder
19.Stem + left wheel holder
20.Dust guard
21.Seeger ring
22.Oil seal
23.Ring
24.Bushing
25.Sliding bushing
26.Special washer
27.screws M10x1.5
Adjustment
The standard front fork setting is adjusted to suit
most low and high speed riding conditions, whether the vehicle is partially or fully loaded. This setting can also be customised based on vehicle use.
CAUTION
SPORTS SETTING MAY BE USED ONLY FOR OFFICIAL
COMPETITIONS TO BE CARRIED OUT ON TRACKS,
AWAY FROM NORMAL ROAD TRAFFIC AND WITH THE
AUTHORISATION OF THE RELEVANT AUTHORITIES.
IT IS STRICTLY FORBIDDEN TO USE SPORT SETTINGS
AND RIDE THE VEHICLE SO SET ON ROADS AND MOTORWAYS.
SUSP - 189
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Suspensions
FOR ADJUSTMENT, ALWAYS START FROM THE MOST
RIGID SETTING (SET SCREWS (1 - 2) FULLY CLOCKWISE).
USE THE NOTCHES ON SET SCREWS (1 - 2) AS REFERENCES TO ADJUST HYDRAULIC COMPRESSION AND REBOUND DAMPING.
TURN THE SET SCREWS (1 - 2) GRADUALLY BY 1/8 OF A
TURN AT A TIME.
FRONT FORK ADJUSTMENT
Specification
Desc./Quantity
Standard rebound damping adjustment, screw (1)
open (**) 1,5 click from fully closed (*)
Hydraulic rebound damping adjustment for sports use, screw
Open (**) 0.5 - 1 turn from fully closed (*)
(1)
Standard compression damping adjustment, screw (2)
open (**) 1 click with fully closed (*)
Hydraulic compression damping adjustment for sports use,
Open (**) 0.5 - 1 turn from fully closed (*)
screw (2)
Spring preloading, nut (3)
Open (**) 4 - 5 protrusion notches from fully closed (*)
Stems (A) protrusion from top plate (excluding cover) (standard
4 protrusion notches
adjustment)
Take your vehicle only to a Moto Guzzi Official Dealer for this
type of adjustment.
Stems (A) protrusion from top plate (excluding cover) (sports
5 protrusion notches
use adjustment)
Take your vehicle only to a Moto Guzzi Official Dealer for this
type of adjustment.
(*) = clockwise
(**) = anticlockwise
Removing the fork legs
•
Remove the front mudguard.
•
Remove the brake callipers.
•
Support the fork stem and loosen the
screws on the upper and then the lower
plate.
•
Remove the fork stem.
SUSP - 190
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Suspensions
See also
Removing the front wheel
Draining oil
•
Lock the sleeve in a vice with the specific tool (code AP8140149).
•
Set the minimum spring preloading.
Specific tooling
AP8140149 Protection for fitting operations
•
Unscrew the sleeve upper cap.
•
Lock the fork end in a vice paying attention not to damage it.
•
Fit the tool on the spring joint.
Specific tooling
AP8140147 Spacer tool
SUSP - 191
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Suspensions
•
Push the tool against the spring and
compress it. Fit the spacer of the tool
under the cartridge lock nut.
Specific tooling
AP8140148 Spacer-pumping element separating plate
•
Loosen the cap acting on the wrench
slot and making the lock nut turn.
•
Remove the whole cap.
•
Detach the spacer and the washer.
•
Press down the spring and slide off the
spacer.
SUSP - 192
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Slide off the spring joint.
•
Empty the oil into a container and re-
Suspensions
move the spring.
Disassembling the fork
•
After emptying the oil, fasten the fork
stem end in a vice.
•
Take out the washer and the lower
spacer.
SUSP - 193
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Suspensions
•
Undo the screw fixing the cartridge on
the fork end.
•
Collect the centring bushing.
•
Slide off the dust scraper from the
sleeve using a screwdriver as a lever.
•
Do not damage the sleeve edge while
doing this.
•
Remove the snap ring.
SUSP - 194
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Suspensions
Take out the sleeve from the stem using the stem as a hammer puller.
•
From the stem remove the fixed fitted
bushing, the movable bushing, the ring
and the oil seal.
SUSP - 195
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Suspensions
•
Remove the ring and the dust guard.
See also
Draining oil
Checking the components
Stem
Check the sliding surface for scorings and/or scratches.
These scorings can be eliminated by rubbing them with wet sandpaper (grain 1).
If the scorings are deep, replace the stem.
Use a dial gauge to check that the stem bending is below the limit value.
If over the value, replace the stem.
CAUTION
A BENT STEM SHOULD NEVER BE STRAIGHTENED BECAUSE ITS STRUCTURE WOULD BE
WEAKENED AND USING THE VEHICLE MAY BECOME DANGEROUS.
Characteristic
Bending limit:
0.2 mm (0.00787 in)
Sleeve
Check that there are no damages and/or cracks; otherwise, replace it.
Spring
Check that the spring is in good conditions. Check that the spring length is within the limit value.
Replace the spring if its length does not fall within the limit values.
SPRING MINIMUM LENGTH WHEN UNLOADED: 284 mm (11.2 in)
SUSP - 196
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Suspensions
Check that the following components are in good
conditions:
•
sliding bushing;
•
guide bushing;
•
pumping member.
If there are signs of excessive wear or damage, replace the affected component.
CAUTION
REMOVE ANY IMPURITY IN THE BUSHINGS, TAKING CARE NOT TO SCRATCH THEIR SURFACE.
Replace the following components with new ones:
•
gasket;
•
dust guard gasket;
•
the two O-rings on the regulator.
SUSP - 197
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Suspensions
Reassembling the fork
•
Lock the stem in a vice without damaging the surfaces.
•
Protect the bearing tube end with adhesive tape.
•
Lubricate the sliding edges with fork oil
or with seal grease.
•
Fit the dust scraper, the snap ring and
the sealing ring on the slider.
•
The sealing ring must be placed with
the stamped part facing the dust guard.
SUSP - 198
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Suspensions
Fit the ring, the movable bushing and,
after removing the tape, fit the fixed
bushing.
•
Fit the sleeve on the stem and with the
specified tool fit the oil seal into position.
Specific tooling
AP8140189 Oil seal fitting tool for Ø 43 mm
(1.69 in) holes
8140145 Fitting tool for Ø 41 mm (1.61 in) sealing ring
8140146 Weight to be applied to the tool:
8140145 and 8140189
SUSP - 199
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Suspensions
•
Insert the snap ring in its position.
•
Fit the oil seal with the specific tool.
Specific tooling
AP8140189 Oil seal fitting tool for Ø 43 mm
(1.69 in) holes
8140145 Fitting tool for Ø 41 mm (1.61 in) sealing ring
8140146 Weight to be applied to the tool:
8140145 and 8140189
•
Fit the centring bushing on the cartridge and insert the whole assembly in
the fork.
•
Tighten the screw fixing the pumping
element on the fork end to the prescribed torque.
SUSP - 200
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Suspensions
Position the lower spacer and the
washer.
Filling oil
•
Place the sleeve upright in a vice fitted
with protection shoes.
•
Compress the sleeve in the stem.
•
Pour part of the fork oil into the sleeve.
•
Wait for some minutes until the oil fills
all the ducts.
•
Pour the oil left.
•
Pump out oil a few times.
•
Measure the air gap between the oil
level and the rim.
THE SLEEVE MUST BE PERFECTLY UPRIGHT FOR A
CORRECT OIL LEVEL MEASUREMENT. THE OIL LEVEL
MUST BE THE SAME IN BOTH STEMS.
Characteristic
Fork oil
520 ± 2.5 cm³ (31.7 ± 0.15 in) (for each stem)
Oil level (from sleeve rim, without the spring
and preloading pipe)
110 mm (4.33 in).
SUSP - 201
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Suspensions
•
Fit the spring.
•
Fit the complete preloading pipe.
•
Fit the specified tool on the spring coupling so that the cartridge stem is
locked in position.
Specific tooling
8140147 Spacer tool
8140148 Spacer / pumping member separating
plate
•
Position the spacer and the washer.
SUSP - 202
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Suspensions
Screw the upper cover on the cartridge
stem.
•
Place the sleeve in the vice using the
specified tool.
•
Screw the upper cap to the prescribed
torque.
Specific tooling
AP8140149 Protection for fitting operations
Steering bearing
SUSP - 203
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Suspensions
Adjusting play
•
Undo and remove the two front screws.
•
Undo and remove the two external
screws and move the instrument panel
forwards.
•
Undo and remove the screws and collect the U-bolts, holding the handlebar.
•
Move the handlebar forward without
tilting the clutch and the front brake fluid reservoirs.
•
Undo and remove the screw.
•
Collect the right handlebar support.
SUSP - 204
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Suspensions
Unscrew and remove the fork upper
plate cover; collect the shim.
•
Working on both sides, undo and remove the upper plate fixing screw on
the fork stems.
•
Lift the fork upper plate sliding it off
from the stems.
•
Rivet the safety washer on the headstock.
UPON REFITTING, REPLACE THE SAFETY WASHER WITH
A NEW ONE.
SUSP - 205
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Suspensions
•
Using the suitable special tool, unscrew and remove the upper ring nut.
Specific tooling
AP8140190 Tool for steering tightening
•
Remove the safety washer.
•
Using the suitable special tool, set the
preloading of the steering bearings.
Specific tooling
AP8140190 Tool for steering tightening
•
Fit a new safety washer.
SUSP - 206
Revente Interdite - Revendita Vietata - Resaling Forbiden - Wiederverkauf Verboten
GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Suspensions
Screw the upper ring nut manually and
then slightly tighten the clamps on the
plate so as to align notches on the ring
nut.
Specific tooling
AP8140190 Tool for steering tightening
•
Rivet the tongues of the new safety
washer.
•
Fit the fork upper plate on the stems.
Rear
Removing the rear wheel
•
Support the vehicle from the rear with
an adequate stand.
•
Remove the cover.
SUSP - 207
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Suspensions
•
Engage the first gear.
•
Undo and remove the four screws, collect the spacers and the dust-protection ring.
•
Remove rear wheel.
Shock absorbers
Adjusting
The rear suspension consists of a spring-shock
absorber unit linked to the frame via silent-block
and to the rear fork via a linkage system.
To set vehicle suspension, the shock absorber
has:
- a set screw (1) to adjust the hydraulic rebound
damping;
- a set screw (2) to adjust the hydraulic compression damping;
- a ring nut (3) to adjust spring preloading and a
locking ring nut (4).
Standard rear shock absorber setting is adjusted to suit most high and low speed riding conditions, to
transport the rider plus luggage.
SUSP - 208
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Suspensions
However, this set can be modified for specific needs according to vehicle use.
ALLOW ENGINE AND EXHAUST SILENCER TO COOL OFF BEFORE OPERATING THE SET
SCREWS.
NOTE
TO COUNT THE NUMBER OF CLICKS AND/OR TURNS OF THE SET SCREWS (1-2) ALWAYS
START FROM THE MOST RIGID SETTING (SET SCREW FULLY CLOCKWISE).
USE THE SET SCREWS (1-2) AS REFERENCES FOR ADJUSTING THE HYDRAULIC COMPRESSION / REBOUND DAMPING.
GRADUALLY TURN THE SET SCREWS (1 -2) ONE NOTCH AT A TIME.
•
Using the specific spanner available at any Moto Guzzi Official Dealer, unscrew the locking
ring nut (4).
•
Operate on the ring nut (3) to adjust preloading for spring (A).
•
Once adjusted, tighten the locking ring nut (4).
•
Turn the screw (1) to adjust the shock absorber hydraulic rebound damping.
•
Turn the screw (2) to adjust the shock absorber hydraulic compression damping.
CAUTION
SET THE SPRING PRELOADING AND THE REBOUND DAMPING OF THE SHOCK ABSORBERS
ACCORDING TO THE VEHICLE USE CONDITIONS. IF THE SPRING PRELOADING IS INCREASED, IT IS NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE REBOUND DAMPING ACCORDINGLY TO
AVOID SUDDEN JERKS WHEN RIDING. IF NECESSARY, CONTACT AN OFFICIAL Moto Guzzi
DEALER. TRY RIDING THE VEHICLE ON THE STREET UNTIL THE OPTIMUM ADJUSTMENT IS
OBTAINED.
SHOCK ABSORBER ADJUSTMENT
Specification
Length of (pre-loaded) spring (A)
Rebound adjustment, ring nut (1)
Compression adjustment, screw (2)
Desc./Quantity
161 mm (6.34 in)
open (**) 17 clicks from fully closed (*)
open (**) 1.5 turns from fully closed (*)
(*) = clockwise
(**) = anticlockwise
Removing
•
Secure the vehicle handlebar from the
front with a hoist.
SUSP - 209
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Suspensions
•
Support the vehicle from below with a
suitable underpan jack.
•
Support the vehicle from the front with
a suitable stand.
•
Unscrew and remove the fixing nut.
•
Take out the screw tapping lightly with
a rubber hammer and follow as the assembly slides out of its position.
SUSP - 210
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Suspensions
Undo and remove the suspension lower screw.
•
Undo and remove the suspension upper screw.
SUSP - 211
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INDEX OF TOPICS
CHASSIS
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CHAS
GRISO 8V - 1200
Chassis
Swinging arm
Removing
•
To remove the fork, first remove both
footrest supporting plates and the exhaust silencer.
•
Slide off the rear brake calliper from the
disc and release the brake pipe.
•
Remove the cover.
•
Engage first gear.
•
Undo and remove the four screws, collect the spacers and the dust-protection ring.
•
Remove the rear wheel.
•
Unscrew and remove the nut fixing the
reaction rod.
•
Remove the screw.
•
Fasten the reaction rod to the chassis
with a clamp.
CHAS - 213
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Chassis
•
Remove the clamp from the dust guard
cap.
•
Loosen the two fork terminal screws.
•
Unscrew and remove the fixing nut of
the connecting rod assembly and collect the screw.
•
Disconnect the speed sensor connector and release the cable from the
clamp on the chassis.
CHAS - 214
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Chassis
Loosen the ring nut.
Specific tooling
05.91.26.30 Tool for tightening the fork pin ring
nut - clutch hub
•
Helped by a second operator, remove
the pin and remove the fork with cardan
shaft.
Checking
•
Check that the universal joint is not
damaged, the gear teeth inserting in
the sleeve grooves and the grooves on
the joint are not deformed or damaged;
otherwise, replace the joint.
•
Check that the rubber bellows are not
cut or pierced; otherwise, replace it.
•
Check that the fork pin threads and the
fork fixing nuts are not damaged, deformed or flattened; otherwise, replace
them.
•
Check that the sleeve grooves are not
damaged, deformed or deteriorated;
otherwise, replace the sleeve.
•
Check that the sleeve outer toothing
and grooves are not damaged.
CHAS - 215
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Chassis
Installing
•
Spread a thin layer of lubricating
grease all along the fork pin.
•
Fit the ring nut in the fork pin and screw
it manually.
•
Working from both sides, grease the
cardan shaft cables with the recommended product from the recommended products table.
•
Block the fork, insert the universal joint,
align the holes and, at the same time,
helped by a second operator, insert the
pin completely.
•
Tighten the fork pin.
•
Use the suitable box-spanner to tighten the ring nut.
Specific tooling
05.91.26.30 Tool for tightening the fork pin ring
nut - clutch hub
•
Tighten the two fork terminal screws.
CHAS - 216
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Fit the dust guard cap in the gearbox.
•
Lock the dust guard cap with a new
Chassis
clamp.
•
Place the reaction rod into its seat.
•
Insert the screw.
•
Screw the nut fixing the reaction rod.
•
Place the connecting rod assembly on
the fork.
•
Insert the screw.
•
Tighten the fixing nut of the connecting
rod assembly.
•
Connect the speed sensor connector
and fix the cable to the chassis with
clamps.
CHAS - 217
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Chassis
•
Place the rear wheel on the fork.
•
Tighten the four screws with their
spacers and the dust-protection ring.
•
Place the cover.
•
Place the rear brake calliper on the disc
and the brake pipe on the fork.
See also
Recommended products chart
Bevel gears
Removing
•
To remove the gearbox, first remove
the exhaust silencer and the rear
wheel.
•
Unscrew and remove the nut fixing the
reaction rod.
•
Remove the screw.
•
Fasten the reaction rod to the chassis
with a clamp.
CHAS - 218
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Undo and remove the four screws.
•
Remove the transmission casing slid-
Chassis
ing off the universal joint.
Checking
Support unit
CHAS - 219
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Chassis
REMOVAL
Remove the bushing (1) with a punch.
Turn the support (5) over and remove the other
bushing (8).
Remove the sealing rings (2) and (7) with a screwdriver.
Remove the stop rings (3) and (6) from the support
(5) with suitable pliers.
NOTE
THIS OPERATION DESTROYS THE SEALING RING.
Remove the ball joint (4) with a suitable buffer and
a rubber hammer.
FITTING
Fit the stop ring (6) in the support (5) with suitable
pliers.
CHAS - 220
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Chassis
Turn the support (5) over.
Assemble the ball joint (4) with the buffer and a
rubber hammer.
Fit the stop ring (3) in the support (5) with suitable
pliers.
Manually assemble the new sealing rings (2) and
(7).
Assemble the bushing (1).
Drive the bushing (1) in with a plastic hammer.
Turn the support (5) over and assemble the other
bushing (8).
Pinion unit
CHAS - 221
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Chassis
REMOVAL
Remove the stop ring (1) from the ring nut.
Unscrew the ring nut (2) with the special spanner
(s4).
Remove the ring nut (2) and remove the sealing
ring from the ring nut.
NOTE
THIS OPERATION DESTROYS THE SEALING RING.
Assemble the sealing ring (3) to the ring nut (2)
with the buffer CA715855 (see Fig.1) and a hammer.
CHAS - 222
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Chassis
Lubricate the sealing ring (3).
Assemble the ring nut (2).
Tighten the ring nut (2) with the special spanner
(s4) to the prescribe torque.
Insert the stop ring (1) in the ring nut (2) in the indicated direction.
CHAS - 223
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Chassis
Assembly position of the stop ring (1).
CAUTION
MAKE SURE THE STOP RING IS IN ITS SEAT.
Casing unit fitting
Assemble the dowel pins to the casing with the
buffer and a hammer.
Assemble the casing to the special fastening tool.
Clean the casing faying surfaces carefully.
CHAS - 224
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Chassis
Heat the casing.
Insert the support group in the casing.
Assemble the cap and the ring.
Fit the cap on the support.
Fit the clamp.
CHAS - 225
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Chassis
Screw the clamp with the specific pliers.
Apply the prescribed sealant to the casing.
Fit a new sealing ring using the buffer.
Lubricate the sealing ring.
Assemble two centring stud bolts with M8 thread
in the threaded holes of the casing as shown in the
picture.
CHAS - 226
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Chassis
Fit the casing.
Remove the two dowel pins.
Assemble the fixing screws (7).
Tighten the screws (7) to the prescribed torque.
Remove excessive sealant.
Assemble the ring to the casing.
Tighten the fixing screws to the prescribed torque.
CHAS - 227
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Chassis
Fit the cap with the washer.
Screw the cap to the prescribed torque.
Fit the breather with the washer.
Screw the breather to the prescribed torque.
Fill the transmission with the prescribed oil.
Fit the cap with the washer.
Screw the cap to the prescribed torque.
Assemble the cap with the clamps.
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Chassis
Fit the cap in its seat.
Wheel axle unit
REMOVAL
Remove the bearing from the wheel axle with a
suitable extractor.
Turn the unit over.
Remove the bearing from the wheel axle with a
suitable extractor.
FITTING
Heat the bearings to 100°C (212 °F).
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Chassis
Assemble the bearings to the wheel axle.
Turn the unit over.
Assemble the bearings to the wheel axle.
Casing unit removal
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Chassis
Remove the cover (20).
Remove the plug (3) to drain out the oil.
Lift the cap (10).
Remove the clamps (9) and (11).
Remove the cap (14).
Remove the screws (16).
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Chassis
Collect the ring (15).
Remove the screws (7).
Remove the casing (4).
Remove the clamp (12).
Remove the cap (14).
CHAS - 232
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Chassis
Collect the ring (13).
Remove the support unit (8).
TROUBLESHOOTING
Possible Cause
1. Fitting error of the radial seal or seal damaged 2. Sliding
surface of the wheel axle seal spoiled or damaged
1. Casing not sealed 2. Closing screws of the casing shells not
tightened to the prescribed torque.
1. Dirt between sealing ring and casing 2. Worn sealing ring
fitted 3. Plug not tightened to the prescribed torque
1. Damaged cap 2. Retaining clamps or closing cover slacken
3. Fitting error of the radial seal or seal damaged 4. Sliding
surface of the wheel spacer seal spoiled or damaged
1. Cap damaged 2. Internal retaining clamp or external closing
clamp loose
1. Bevel gear pair fitting error 2. Bevel gear pair toothing spoiled
or damaged
1. Ball bearings on the wheel axle damaged
Operation
1. Replace the sealing ring and fit it correctly with the suitable
tool
2. Replace the wheel axle
1. Open the casing shells, clean the surfaces, seal it and reassemble the casing
2. Tighten the closing screws to the correct torque
1. Clean and tighten to the correct torque
2. Replace the sealing ring
3. Tighten the plug to the correct torque
1. Replace the cap
2. Screw the clamp with suitable pliers
3. Replace the sealing ring and fit it correctly with the suitable
tool
4. Replace the spacer
1. Replace the cap
2. Screw the internal or external clamp with suitable pliers
1. Replace the bevel gear pair
1. Replace the wheel bearings
CHAS - 233
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Chassis
Installing
•
Insert the transmission casing on the
fork making sure that the universal joint
engages correctly.
•
Tighten the four screws to the prescribed torque operating diagonally.
•
Place the reaction rod into its seat.
•
Insert the screw.
•
Screw the nut fixing the reaction rod.
•
Place the dust-protection ring between
the rim and the cardan shaft taking
care to mount it with the collar facing
the transmission unit.
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Place the rear wheel on the fork.
•
Tighten the four screws with their
Chassis
spacers and the dust-protection ring.
•
Place the cover.
•
Place the rear brake calliper on the disc
and the brake pipe on the fork.
Exhaust
Key:
1. Right exhaust pipe
2. Left exhaust pipe
3. Gasket
4. Nut
5. Washer
6. Washer
7. Washer
8. Washer
9. Gasket
10.Clamp
CHAS - 235
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Chassis
11.Central exhaust pipe
12.Heat-protecting cover
13.Lambda Probe
14.Clamp
15.Gasket
16.Silencer
17.Screw
18.Washer
19.Muffler rubber ring
20.Spacer
21.Silencer fixing bushing
22.Nut
23.Silent-block
24.Screw
25.Screw
26.Washer
27.Nut
Removing the tail pipe
•
Loosen the sealing clamp between the
exhaust and the central manifold.
•
Undo and remove the front screw fastening the exhaust to the chassis.
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Chassis
Undo and remove the rear attachment
screw fixing the exhaust to the chassis;
collect the locking nut, the spacer and
the washer.
DURING THIS OPERATION SUPPORT THE EXHAUST SO
THAT IT DOES NOT FALL.
Locking torques (N*m)
Silencer to chassis connecting pipe retainer 25
Nm
•
Remove the exhaust end.
Removing the manifold - tail pipe
•
Remove the exhaust end and the exhaust manifolds.
•
Remove the starter motor protection in
order to disconnect the lambda probe
connector.
•
Unscrew and remove the nut and remove the fixing screw.
•
Remove the manifold - exhaust end
coupling together with the lambda
probe.
See also
Removing the exhaust manifold
Removing the tail pipe
Removing the exhaust manifold
The engine and the exhaust system components get very hot and remain in this condition for a certain
time interval after the engine has been shut off. Before handling these components, make sure that you
are wearing insulating gloves or wait until the engine and the exhaust system have cooled down.
CHAS - 237
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Chassis
•
Undo and remove the three screws
from the protection of the exhaust
clamps.
•
Remove the protection.
•
Unscrew and remove the two nuts on
the head exhaust stud bolts.
•
Collect the washers.
•
Loosen the clamp.
•
Remove the exhaust manifold.
CHAS - 238
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Chassis
Engine oil cooler
Key:
1. Complete oil radiator
2. From the oil pump
3. To the heads
4. T-shaped bushing
5. Screw
6. Radiator grille
7. Air deflector
8. Screw
9. Washer
10.Bushing
11.Spacer
12.Rubber ring
13.Cover
14.Spacer
15.Screw
16.Washer
17.Screw
18.Washer
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Chassis
Removing
•
Place a collecting container and empty the lubrication system.
•
Undo and remove the two screws; collect the pipes and the four washers.
•
Undo and remove the rear screw; collect the washer.
•
Undo and remove the two screws; collect the washers.
•
Undo and remove the screw; collect
the washer.
•
Remove the oil radiator.
CHAS - 240
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Chassis
Installing
•
Fit the oil radiator on the vehicle following the operations described in the
removal chapter but in reverse order.
•
Unscrew the filler cap / dipstick (1).
•
Pour new oil until it goes over the minimum level marked "MIN" on the dipstick (1).
•
Screw the dipstick (1).
•
Start the vehicle and let the engine run
for a few minutes so that the oil circulates and fills the radiator internal
ducts.
•
Stop the engine and check the oil level
with the dipstick (1).
•
Fill with engine oil as required.
CHAS - 241
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INDEX OF TOPICS
BRAKING SYSTEM
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BRAK SYS
GRISO 8V - 1200
Braking system
Rear brake calliper
Key:
1. Rear brake calliper
2. Screw
3. Pads
4. Pin + calliper split pin
5. Spring
6. Gasket
7. Screw
8. Air bleed
9. Air bleed cap
10.Rear brake pipe
11.Oil pipe screw
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Braking system
Front brake calliper
Key:
1. Front right brake calliper
2. Front left brake calliper
3. Pads
4. Air bleed
5. Air bleed cap
6. Pins + Calliper springs
7. Spring
8. Aluminium gasket
9. Screw
Front brake pads
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Braking system
Removal
•
Turn the pins and remove both split
pins.
•
Remove both pins.
•
Remove the vibration-damping plate.
•
Extract one pad at a time.
CAUTION
AFTER REMOVING THE PADS, DO NOT OPERATE THE
BRAKE CONTROL LEVER OR THE CALLIPER PLUNGERS
COULD GO OUT OF THEIR SEATS RESULTING IN BRAKE
FLUID LEAKS.
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Braking system
Installing
•
Insert two new pads, placing them so
that the holes are aligned with the calliper holes.
CAUTION
ALWAYS REPLACE BOTH PADS AND MAKE SURE THEY
ARE CORRECTLY POSITIONED INSIDE THE CALLIPER.
•
Position the anti-vibration plate.
•
Insert both pins.
•
Position both split pins.
•
Abut the plungers against the pads,
acting on the brake pump lever several
times.
•
Check the brake fluid level in the reservoir.
Rear brake pads
BRAK SYS - 246
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Braking system
Removal
•
Free the brake pipe and the throttle grip
cable from the clamps.
•
Undo and remove the two screws.
•
Remove the brake calliper from the
disc.
•
Turn the pin and remove the split pin.
•
Remove the split pin.
•
Remove the pin.
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Braking system
•
Extract one pad at a time.
CAUTION
AFTER REMOVING THE PADS, DO NOT OPERATE THE
BRAKE CONTROL LEVER OR THE CALLIPER PLUNGERS
COULD GO OUT OF THEIR SEATS RESULTING IN BRAKE
FLUID LEAKS.
Installing
•
Insert two new pads, placing them so
that the holes are aligned with the calliper holes.
CAUTION
ALWAYS REPLACE BOTH PADS AND MAKE SURE THEY
ARE CORRECTLY POSITIONED INSIDE THE CALLIPER.
•
Insert the pin.
•
Position the split pin.
•
Abut the plungers against the pads,
acting on the brake pump pedal several times.
•
Check the brake fluid level in the reservoir.
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Braking system
Bleeding the braking system
Front
If there is air in the hydraulic system, it acts as a bearing, absorbing a large part of the pressure from
the brake pump and minimising calliper efficiency during braking.
The presence of air is signalled by the "sponginess" of the brake control and poor braking efficiency.
CONSIDERING THE DANGER FOR VEHICLE AND RIDER, IT IS STRICTLY NECESSARY, AFTER
REFITTING BRAKES AND RESTORING THE BREAKING SYSTEM TO THE REGULAR USE CONDITIONS, THAT THE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT BE AIR PURGED.
NOTE
THE FOLLOWING OPERATIONS REFER TO ONLY ONE FRONT BRAKE CALLIPER BUT APPLY
TO BOTH CALLIPERS. THE VEHICLE MUST BE ON LEVEL GROUND TO BE PURGED. WHILE
PURGING THE HYDRAULIC SYSTEM, FILL THE RESERVOIR WITH THE NECESSARY QUANTITY
OF BRAKE FLUID. CHECK THAT, DURING THE OPERATION, THERE IS ALWAYS BRAKE FLUID
IN THE RESERVOIR.
•
Remove the rubber protection cover
from the bleed valve.
•
Insert the transparent plastic pipe in
the front brake calliper bleed valve and
slide the other end of this pipe in a container to collect the fluid.
•
Remove the front brake oil reservoir
cap.
•
Quickly press and release the front
brake lever several times and then
keep it fully pressed.
•
Loosen the bleed valve 1/4 of a turn so
that the brake fluid flows into the container. This will release the tension on
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Braking system
the brake lever and will make it reach
the end of stroke.
•
Close the bleed valve before the lever
reaches its end of stroke.
•
Repeat the operation until the fluid
draining into the container is air-bubble
free.
NOTE
WHILE PURGING THE HYDRAULIC SYSTEM, FILL THE
RESERVOIR WITH THE NECESSARY QUANTITY OF
BRAKE FLUID. CHECK THAT, DURING THE OPERATION,
THERE IS ALWAYS BRAKE FLUID IN THE RESERVOIR.
•
Screw the bleed valve and remove the pipe.
•
Top-up the reservoir until the right brake fluid level is obtained.
•
Refit and block the front brake oil reservoir cap.
•
Refit the rubber protection cover.
Rear
If there is air in the hydraulic system, it acts as a bearing, absorbing a large part of the pressure from
the brake pump and minimising calliper efficiency during braking.
The presence of air is signalled by the "sponginess" of the brake control and poor braking efficiency.
CAUTION
CONSIDERING THE DANGER FOR VEHICLE AND RIDER, IT IS STRICTLY NECESSARY, AFTER
REFITTING BRAKES AND RESTORING THE BRAKING SYSTEM TO THE REGULAR USE CONDITIONS, THAT THE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT BE AIR PURGED. THE VEHICLE MUST BE ON LEVEL
GROUND TO BE PURGED. WHILE PURGING THE HYDRAULIC SYSTEM, FILL THE RESERVOIR
WITH THE NECESSARY QUANTITY OF BRAKE FLUID. CHECK THAT, DURING THE OPERATION,
THERE IS ALWAYS BRAKE FLUID IN THE RESERVOIR.
•
Remove the rubber protection cover
from the bleed valve.
•
Insert the transparent plastic pipe in
the rear brake calliper bleed valve and
insert the other end of this pipe into a
container to collect the fluid.
•
Remove the rear brake oil reservoir
cap.
•
Quickly press and release the rear
brake lever several times and then
keep it fully pressed.
•
Loosen the bleed valve 1/4 of a turn so
that the brake fluid flows into the con-
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Braking system
tainer. This will release the tension on
the brake lever and will make it reach
the end of stroke.
•
Close the bleed valve before the lever
reaches its end of stroke.
•
Repeat the operation until the fluid
draining into the container is air-bubble
free.
NOTE
WHILE PURGING THE HYDRAULIC SYSTEM, FILL THE
RESERVOIR WITH THE NECESSARY QUANTITY OF
BRAKE FLUID CHECK THAT, DURING THE OPERATION,
THERE IS ALWAYS BRAKE FLUID IN THE RESERVOIR.
•
Screw the bleed valve and remove the pipe.
•
Top-up the reservoir until the right brake fluid level is obtained.
•
Refit and lock the rear brake oil reservoir cap.
•
Refit the rubber protection cover.
BRAK SYS - 251
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INDEX OF TOPICS
CLUTCH SYSTEM
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CLU SYS
GRISO 8V - 1200
Clutch system
Both blow-by and clutch pipes should be laid, in
the front part of the chassis, underneath the main
cable harness.
Clutch system pipes laying on the right-hand size
of the vehicle.
CLU SYS - 253
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INDEX OF TOPICS
BODYWORK
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BODYW
GRISO 8V - 1200
Bodywork
Rider footrest plate
RIGHT
•
Undo and remove the two lower
screws and collect the nuts and the
spacers.
•
Free the rear brake pipe from the
clamps and from pipe guide.
•
Remove the rear brake calliper from
the disc.
•
Undo and remove the rear upper screw
and collect the nut.
•
Undo and remove the front upper
screw.
•
Remove the air filter housing.
•
Disconnect the connector of the rear
brake lever switch and release it from
the clamps.
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Bodywork
•
Remove the right footrest plate, keeping the brake fluid reservoir in vertical
position.
LEFT
•
Remove the exhaust silencer.
•
Undo and remove the screw and collect the nut and the spacer.
•
Undo and remove the rear upper screw
and collect the nut.
•
Undo and remove the front upper
screw.
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Bodywork
Undo and remove the screw and remove the left footrest plate.
See also
Air box
Air box
•
Remove the fuel tank.
•
Disconnect the connector from the air
temperature sensor.
•
Slide off and remove the main fuse box
from its holder.
•
Undo and remove the four screws.
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Bodywork
•
Slide off and remove the secondary
fuse box from its holder.
•
Undo and remove the two screws.
•
Disconnect the low pressure pipe.
•
Disconnect the blow-by tank breather
pipe.
•
Free the pipes from the clamps.
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GRISO 8V - 1200
•
Bodywork
Release the breather pipe from the
clamp on the right side of the filter casing and the remove the pipe.
•
Working on both sides, loosen the
clamp.
•
Remove the filter casing by sliding it
backwards; collect the blow-by drain
pipe.
See also
Fuel tank
Fuel tank
•
Remove both side fairings and the saddle.
•
Undo and remove the two front screws
fixing the tank.
•
Undo and remove the two rear screws
fixing the tank and collect the two T
spacers.
•
Remove the battery.
•
Lift the front and then the rear of the
fuel tank, leaning its lower part onto the
support rubber pad of the brackets welded to the chassis.
•
Disconnect the quick-release coupling.
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Bodywork
•
Disconnect the connector.
•
Remove the fuel tank.
BODYW - 260
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INDEX OF TOPICS
PRE-DELIVERY
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PRE DE
GRISO 8V - 1200
Pre-delivery
Carry out the listed checks before delivering the vehicle.
WARNING
BE EXTREMELY CAUTIOUS WHEN HANDLING FUEL.
Aesthetic inspection
- Paintwork
- Fitting of Plastic Parts
- Scratches
- Dirt
Tightening torques inspection
- Safety locks:
front and rear suspension unit
front and rear brake calliper retainer unit
front and rear wheel unit
engine - chassis retainers
steering assembly
- Plastic parts fixing screws
Electrical system
- Main switch
- Headlamps: high-beam lights, low-beam lights, tail lights (front and rear) and their warning lights
- Headlight adjustment according to regulations in force
- Front and rear stop light switches and their bulbs
- Turn indicators and their warning lights
- Instrument panel lights
- Instrument panel: fuel and temperature indicator (if present)
- Instrument panel warning lights
- Horn
- Electric start-up
- Engine stop via emergency stop switch and side stand
- Helmet compartment electrical opening switch (if present)
PRE DE - 262
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Pre-delivery
- Through the diagnosis tool, check that the last mapping version is present in the control unit/s and, if
required, program the control unit/s again: consult the technical service website to know about available
upgrades and details regarding the operation.
CAUTION
TO ENSURE MAXIMUM PERFORMANCE, THE BATTERY MUST BE CHARGED BEFORE USE.
INADEQUATE CHARGING OF THE BATTERY WITH A LOW LEVEL OF ELECTROLYTE BEFORE
IT IS FIRST USED SHORTENS BATTERY LIFE.
CAUTION
UPON INSTALLING THE BATTERY, ATTACH THE POSITIVE LEAD FIRST AND THEN THE NEGATIVE ONE, AND PERFORM THE REVERSE OPERATION UPON REMOVAL.
WARNING
THE BATTERY ELECTROLYTE IS POISONOUS AS IT MAY CAUSE SERIOUS BURNS. IT CONTAINS SULPHURIC ACID. AVOID CONTACT WITH YOUR EYES, SKIN AND CLOTHING.
IN CASE OF CONTACT WITH YOUR EYES OR SKIN, WASH WITH ABUNDANT WATER FOR APPROX. 15 MIN. AND SEEK IMMEDIATE MEDICAL ATTENTION.
IF ACCIDENTALLY SWALLOWED, IMMEDIATELY DRINK LARGE QUANTITIES OF WATER OR
VEGETABLE OIL. SEEK IMMEDIATE MEDICAL ATTENTION.
BATTERIES PRODUCE EXPLOSIVE GASES; KEEP CLEAR OF NAKED FLAMES, SPARKS OR
CIGARETTES. VENTILATE THE AREA WHEN RECHARGING INDOORS. ALWAYS WEAR EYE
PROTECTION WHEN WORKING IN THE PROXIMITY OF BATTERIES.
KEEP OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN.
CAUTION
NEVER USE FUSES WITH A CAPACITY HIGHER THAN THE RECOMMENDED CAPACITY. USING
A FUSE OF UNSUITABLE RATING MAY SERIOUSLY DAMAGE THE VEHICLE OR EVEN CAUSE
A FIRE.
Levels check
- Hydraulic braking system fluid level
- Clutch system fluid level (if present)
- Gearbox oil level (if present)
- Transmission oil level (if present)
- Engine coolant level (if present)
- Engine oil level
- Mixer oil level (if present)
Road test
- Cold start
- Instrument panel operation
PRE DE - 263
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GRISO 8V - 1200
Pre-delivery
- Response to throttle control
- Stability when accelerating and braking
- Front and rear brake efficiency
- Front and rear suspension efficiency
- Abnormal noise
Static test
Static check after test drive:
- Restarting when warmed up
- Starter operation (if present)
- Minimum holding (turning the handlebar)
- Uniform turning of the steering
- Possible leaks
- Radiator electric fan operation (if present)
Functional inspection
- Hydraulic braking system
- Stroke of brake and clutch levers (if present)
- Clutch - Check for correct operation
- Engine - Check for correct general operation and absence of abnormal noise
- Other
- Documentation check:
- Chassis and engine numbers check
- Supplied tools check
- License plate fitting
- Locks checking
- Tyre pressure check
- Installation of mirrors and any possible accessories
NEVER EXCEED THE RECOMMENDED INFLATION PRESSURES AS TYRES MAY BURST.
CAUTION
CHECK AND ADJUST TYRE PRESSURE WITH TYRES AT AMBIENT TEMPERATURE.
PRE DE - 264
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A
Air filter: 37
B
Battery: 51, 56
Brake: 243, 244, 246
C
Clutch: 72, 121, 123, 124, 156, 253
Clutch lever: 72
D
Display: 184
E
Engine oil: 33, 70, 239
F
Fork: 188, 190, 193, 198
Forks: 109
Fuel: 86, 115, 259
Fuses: 53
G
Gearbox oil: 35
I
Identification: 10
Instrument panel: 75
M
Maintenance: 8, 31
O
Oil filter: 35
R
Recommended products: 22, 218
S
Shock absorber:
Shock absorbers: 208
Stand: 73
Start-up: 52
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T
Tank: 86, 115, 259
Transmission: 12, 32
Tyres: 14
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