Alfa Romeo 166 Specifications

Dear Client,
Thank you for choosing Alfa Romeo.
Your Alfa 166 has been designed to guarantee the safety, comfort and driving pleasure typical of Alfa
Romeo.
This booklet will help you to get to know the characteristics and operation of your vehicle.
The following pages contain all the indications necessary for you to be able to maintain the high standards of
performance, quality, safety and respect for the environment which characterise this Alfa 166.
The Warranty Booklet also contains the regulations, the warranty certificate and a guide to the services offered by
Alfa Romeo.
Services which are essential and precious because, when you purchase an Alfa Romeo you are not only acquiring
a car, but the tranquillity that comes from knowing that an efficient, willing and widespread organization is at your service for any assistance problems you may have.
Have a good trip.
1
Any queries concerning servicing should be forwarded to the showroom from which the vehicle was purchased,
the subsidiary company or to our branch offices or associated companies.
WARRANTY BOOKLET
The Warranty Booklet is delivered together with every new vehicle and contains the regulations tied to the services
given by Alfa Romeo Services and to the warranty conditions.
Correctly carrying out the scheduled services specified by the manufacturer is the best way to maintain the performance, safety characteristics and low running costs of your vehicle. It is also necessary to maintain warranty
cover.
“Service” guide
This contains the Alfa Romeo Authorized Services. The services can be recognized by the presence of the Alfa
Romeo badge and logo.
The Alfa Romeo organization in Italy can be found in the telephone book under the letter “A” Alfa Romeo.
Not all the models described in this booklet are available in all countries. Only some of the fittings described in this booklet are
fitted as standard to the vehicle. The list of available accessories should be requested from Alfa Romeo Dealers.
2
VERY IMPORTANT!
FUEL CAPACITY
K
Petrol engines: only use unleaded petrol with no less than 95 R.O.N.
Diesel engines: only refuel with diesel fuel conforming to the European specification EN590. The use of other products
or mixtures may irreparably damage the engine with invalidation of the warranty due to the damage caused.
STARTING THE ENGINE
Petrol engines: engage the handbrake; set the gearshift lever to neutral; fully depress the clutch without pressing the accelerator, then turn the ignition key to AVV and release it as soon as the engine has started.
JTD engines: engage the handbrake; set the gearshift lever to neutral; fully depress the clutch without pressing the accelerator; turn the ignition key to MAR and wait for the m warning light to go off, then turn the ignition key to AVV
and release it as soon as the engine has started.
PARKING ON FLAMMABLE MATERIAL

While working, the catalyst develops a very high temperature. Do not park the car over grass, dry leaves, pine needles or
any other inflammable materials: risk of fire.
3
RESPECTING THE ENVIRONMENT
The vehicle is fitted with a system that allows continuous diagnosis of the components correlated with emissions to ensure
better respect for the environment.
ACCESSORY ELECTRICAL DEVICES
쇵
If after purchasing the car you wish to install accessories that need an electrical supply (with the risk of gradually draining
the battery), contact Alfa Romeo Authorised Services who will assess the overall electrical absorption and check whether the
car system is able to withstand the load required.
CODE CARD
Keep it in a safe place, not in the car. It is advisable to always keep the electronic code on the CODE card with you in case
emergency starting is necessary.
SCHEDULED SERVICING
Correct maintenance makes it possible to preserve vehicle peformance levels and safety, respect for the environment and
low running costs unaltered over the course of time.
THE OWNER HANDBOOK...
…you will find important information, advice and warnings for correct use, driving safety and vehicle maintenance over
time. Pay particular attention to the symbols " (personal safety) # (protecting the environment) â (vehicle safety).
4
THE SYMBOLS USED IN THIS BOOKLET
The symbols illustrated in these pages show the subjects which should,
in particular, be closely studied.
PERSONAL
SAFETY
Warning: partially or fully ignoring
these rules may lead to serious injury.
PROTECTING
THE ENVIRONMENT
This indicates the correct procedures to be
followed to prevent the vehicle from damaging the environment.
VEHICLE
SAFETY
Warning: partially or fully ignoring these
rules may lead to serious damage being
caused to the vehicle which, in some circumstances, may cause forfeiture of the
warranty cover.
5
SYMBOLS
Special coloured labels have been attached near to or actually
on some of the components making up your Alfa 166.
These labels bear symbols that remind you of the precautions to
be taken as regards that particular component.
A list of the symbols to be found on your Alfa 166 is
given below, with the name of the component to which it relates
at the side of it.
These symbols are divided into the following four categories:
danger, prohibition, warning and obligation.
DANGER SYMBOLS
Battery
Corrosive fluid.
Battery
Explosion.
Fan
May cut in automatically when the engine is off.
Expansion tank
Do not remove the cap when the coolant is boiling.
Coil
High voltage.
6
Belts and pulleys
Moving parts; keep limbs and clothing away.
Heat shields - belts - pulleys - fan
Do not touch.
AI
Climate control tubing
Do not open.
Gas under high pressure.
RBAG
Passenger’s Air bag
Do not install a child’s seat on the front passenger’s seat with operational air bag.
WARNING SYMBOLS
Jack
See the owner Handbook.
Catalytic converter
Do not park over inflammable materials. See paragraph “Protecting emission reducing devices”.
PROHIBITION SYMBOLS
Battery
Keep away from naked flames.
Power steering
Do not exceed the maximum fluid level in the
reservoir. Use only the recommended fluid; see
table “Specifications of fluids and lubricants”.
Battery
Keep away from children.
Brake circuit
Do not exceed the maximum fluid level in the
reservoir. Use only the recommended fluid; see
table “Specifications of fluids and lubricants”.
7
OBLIGATION SYMBOLS
Windscreen wiper
Use only the recommended fluid; see table
“Specifications of fluids and lubricants”.
Battery
Protect your eyes.
Engine
Use only the recommended lubricant; see table
“Specifications of fluids and lubricants”.
Unleaded petrol vehicle
Use only unleaded petrol with RON 95.
DIESEL
Diesel vehicle
Use only diesel fuel.
Expansion tank
Use only the recommended fluid; see table “Specifications of fluids and lubricants”.
8
Battery - Jack
See the Owner Handbook.
CONTENTS
GETTING TO KNOW YOUR CAR
GETTING THE BEST OUT OF YOUR CAR
IN AN EMERGENCY
CAR MAINTENANCE
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
RIGHT HAND DRIVE VERSION
INDEX
9
The text, illustrations and specifications given herein are based on
the vehicle at the date of going to press.
In our ongoing striving to improve our products, Alfa Romeo may
introduce technical changes during production, therefore the specifications and equipment on board may be altered without prior
notice. Contact the factory sales network for detailed information.
10
GETTING TO KNOW YOUR CAR
Sit comfortably in your vehicle and carefully read through the following pages.
You will immediately recognize the parts described and rapidly get
to know the controls and devices fitted to your vehicle.
DASHBOARD................................................................................................ page
ALFA ROMEO I.C.S. SYSTEM: CONTROLS ON STEERING WHEEL . ..........
THE ALFA ROMEO CODE SYSTEM......................................................................
ELECTRONIC ALARM..............................................................................................
REMOTE CONTROL DOOR LOCKING SYSTEM................................................
IGNITION DEVICE ...................................................................................................
DOORS.......................................................................................................................
SEATS .........................................................................................................................
STEERING WHEEL ADJUSTMENT .......................................................................
ADJUSTING THE REAR-VIEW MIRRORS ..........................................................
POWER WINDOWS ................................................................................................
SEAT BELTS ...............................................................................................................
CARRYING CHILDREN SAFELY ............................................................................
FRONT AND SIDE AIR BAGS ...............................................................................
LIGHT SWITCHES & STEERING WHEEL LEVERS ............................................
12
14
16
22
26
26
28
31
36
36
38
40
45
50
57
STR (SPORT THROTTLE RESPONSE) SYSTEM .................................................
CONSTANT SPEED REGULATOR (CRUISE CONTROL)...................................
PARKING SENSORS ...............................................................................................
INSTRUMENT PANEL .............................................................................................
CLIMATE CONTROL ................................................................................................
CLIMATE CONTROL UNIT .....................................................................................
ADDITIONAL HEATER ............................................................................................
CONTROLS ................................................................................................................
INTERNAL FITTINGS ..............................................................................................
SUNROOF .................................................................................................................
LUGGAGE COMPARTMENT ..................................................................................
BONNET ....................................................................................................................
HEADLIGHTS............................................................................................................
EOBD SYSTEM ........................................................................................................
ABS .............................................................................................................................
VDC AND ASR SYSTEMS .......................................................................................
SOUND SYSTEM ......................................................................................................
REFUELLING ............................................................................................................
FUEL CUT-OFF SWITCH ........................................................................................
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION .........................................................................
63
64
67
68
80
83
91
93
96
103
105
109
110
113
114
117
122
124
127
129
11
A0D0002m
DASHBOARD
fig. 1
12
1
Air ducts for side window outlets.
15 Cigar lighter.
28 Outside lights switch.
2
Side air vents.
29 Bonnet opening lever.
3
Light switch lever (high beam, flashing, direction indicators and controls
for Cruise Control (automatically
keeping a set speed) (if present).
16 Alfa Romeo I.C.S. (INTEGRATED
CONTROL SYSTEM): RDS radio,
computer on board (TRIP), climate
control, clock and outside/inside
temperature, GSM phone and
navigation system (if present).
4
Instrument cluster.
5
Outlets for windscreen.
6
Upper outlet.
17 Buttons for central locking, fuel flap
opening, switching off the ASR
function of the VDC system switching
on the STR system (if present).
7
Oddments compartment.
18 Rear fog guard switch.
8
Centre air vents.
19 Front fog light switch.
9
Passenger’s air bag.
20 Hazard warning light switch.
10 Manual passenger’s side Air bag
deactivation switch.
21 Inside temperature sensor.
11 Glove box.
22 Windscreen wiper/washer control
lever and rain sensor (if present).
12 Boot opening button (in glove box).
23 Ignition switch (ignition device).
13 Button for rearscreen defrosting,
door mirrors and resistances at base
of windscreen (if present).
24 Driver’s air bag and horn.
14 Button for windscreen/front side
windows and door mirrors
defrosting, rearscreen heating,
resistances at base of windscreen (if
present).
30 Front floor air outlets.
25 Lever for releasing/locking adjustable
steering wheel.
26 Instrument lighting adjustment.
27 Headlamp aiming device control
(except versions with gas discharge
headlights).
13
ALFA ROMEO I.C.S.
SYSTEM
A - Mute button
Mute key (A)
B - Volume highering button
To turn the Mute function on, briefly
press button (A): the volume will lower
gradually.
C - Volume lowering button
CONTROLS ON STEERING
WHEEL (fig. 2)
(on request for versions/markets
where applicable)
D - Multifunction key:
– Radio: call preset stations (1 to 6)
– CD player: select next track
The main audio functions (AUDIO) of
the Alfa Romeo I.C.S. system are repeated on the steering wheel, which facilitates control.
E - Multifunction key:
– Radio: call preset stations (6 to 1)
– CD player: select previous track
A0D0004m
F - Radio frequency range select button
(FM-A, FM-B, FM-AS, MW, LW) and available audio sources (Radio – Cassette
player –CD player).
fig. 2
14
To turn the Mute function off, briefly
press button (A) again. The volume will
higher gradually returning to the previously set value.
The Mute function is also turned off
pressing one of the volume adjustment
keys (B) or (C): in this event volume is
directly changed.
When the Mute function is on, all the
other functions can be used and if traffic
information is received the message ignores the Mute function.
Volume adjustment keys (B) and
(C)
Press (B) to increase volume and (C)
to lower it.
Pressing briefly the key volume change
is gradual by steps. Pressing it longer volume change is faster.
If volume is changed during a traffic bulletin, the new value is kept only for the
bulletin in progress.
Multifunction keys (D) and (E)
Multifunction keys (D) and (E) shall be
used for tuning preset radio stations, for
backward rewinding and for selecting
next/previous CD track.
Press (D) to select stations from 1 to 6,
or to play next CD track.
Press (E) to select stations from 6 to 1,
to play previous CD track.
Frequency range and audio
source select key (F)
To cyclically select the frequency ranges
and audio sources, briefly and repeatedly
press key (F).
The frequencies/sources available are:
FM-A, FM-B, FM-AS, MW, LW, CC*,
CD**.
(*) Only if the cassette is inserted.
(**) Only if a CD is inserted.
15
To increase protection against attempted
theft, the car is fitted with an electronic
engine lock system (Alfa Romeo CODE)
certified in accordance with EC Directive
95/56 which is activated automatically
when the key is removed from the ignition.
THE KEYS
The car is provided with the key (Afig. 4) with metal insert with power-assisted opening, remote control for opening
the boot and remote control for unlocking/locking the doors and electronic alarm
(where applicable).
In fact the grip of each key contains an
electronic device which modulates the radio frequency signal transmitted when the
engine is started by a special aerial incorporated in the ignition switch.
The key operates:
– the ignition
– door locks
– boot lock
– glovebox lock
– remote door locking/unlocking system
– alarm system (optional for versions/
markets where applicable)
– deactivation of the passenger’s Air
bag.
IMPORTANT In order to ensure the
perfect efficiency of the electronic devices
contained inside the key, avoid exposing
it to direct sunlight.
A0D0143m
This modulated signal is the “password”
by which the control unit recognises the
key and only in this condition can the engine be started.
1035PGSm
THE ALFA ROMEO
CODE SYSTEM
fig. 4
16
fig. 5
The CODE card (fig. 5), provided with
the key, bears the key codes (both mechanical and electronic code for emergency starting).
The code numbers on the CODE card
must be kept in a safe place, not in the
car.
The driver should always keep the electronic code given on the CODE card with
him in the event of having to carry out
emergency starting.
KEY WITH RADIO
FREQUENCY TRANSMITTER
WITH RE-CLOSABLE METALLIC
INSERT WITH POWERASSISTED OPENING (fig. 6)
The key is fitted with:
– a metallic insert (A) that can be reclosed in the key grip
– button (B) for power-assisted opening of the metallic insert
The metallic insert (A) of the key operates:
– the ignition
– front door locks
– boot lock
– glove box lock
– passenger’s Air bag deactivation
switch.
To move the metallic insert out of the
key grip, press button (B).
– button (C) for remote opening/closing of the doors and turning the electronic
alarm on/off (where fitted)
– led (D) (where required) that signals
the sending of the code to the electronic
alarm system receiver
– button (E) for remote boot opening.
1001PGSm
If the car changes ownership the new owner
must be given all the
keys and the CODE card.
fig. 6
17
WARNING
When button (B) is pressed, take the utmost care
to prevent the metal insert from
causing injury or damage when it
comes out. Button (B) must only be
pressed when the key is away
from the body, in particular the
eyes, and from objects that could
be spoilt (e.g. clothes).
Never leave the key unattended to
prevent anyone, especially children, from holding it and pressing
button (B) inadvertently.
18
To insert the metallic insert in the key
grip, keep button (B-fig. 6) pressed
and turn the insert on the direction of the
arrow until it clicks into place, then release the button (B).
To open/close the doors by remote control, press button (C). On cars fitted with
electronic alarm system, pressing button
(C) also turns the electronic alarm on/off
and the led (D) (where required) flashes
while the transmitter sends the code to
the receiver. This rolling code changes at
each transmission.
IMPORTANT If led (D) (where required) flashes only once briefly when
button (C) is pressed, the battery need
changing as described below.
Opening the boot
The boot can be opened by remote
control from outside pressing button (Efig. 6), also when the electronic alarm
(where fitted) is on.
In this case the alarm disengages the
boot control sensor, the system (with the
exception of versions for certain markets)
sounds two beeps and the direction indicators light up for about three seconds.
When the boot is closed again the control function is restored, the system (with
the exception of versions for certain markets) sounds two beeps and the direction
indicators light up for about three seconds.
If pressing the remote control buttons
(A or B-fig. 7), the led (C-fig. 7)
(where required) gives only one brief
flash and the alarm system led (where
fitted) (A-fig. 8) on the dashboard stays on glowing steadily for about 2 minutes (after turning off the alarm and with
the ignition switch off), it is necessary to
replace the battery with a new one of the
equivalent type to be found c/o normal
retailers.
Dead batteries constitute a hazard for the
environment and must
be disposed of in the special containers as specified by the relative laws.
OPERATION
Each time the ignition key is turned to
the STOP position, the Alfa Romeo
CODE system deactivates the functions of
the engine electronic control unit.
fig. 7
Each time the engine is started, turning
the key to the MAR position, the control
unit of the Alfa Romeo CODE system
sends a recognition code to the engine
control unit to deactivate the inhibition of
the functions.
The recognition code, which is crypted
and variable between over 4 billion combinations, is only sent if the system control unit has recognised the code sent to
it by the key, which contains an electronic
transmitter, through an aerial in the ignition switch.
305PGSm
1011PGSm
To replace the battery, remove the plastic lid (A-fig. 9), insert the new battery
according to the correct polarity and put
the lid back on.
For further information contact Authorised Alfa Romeo Services.
1034PGSm
KEY BATTERY CHANGE
fig. 8
fig. 9
19
This condition is indicated by a brief
flash of the warning light ¢ (A-fig.
10) on the check panel.
If the code has not been recognised correctly, the Alfa Romeo CODE system
warning light ¢ (A-fig. 10) stays on
together with the EOBD/fuel supply-ignition system failure warning light (B-fig.
10) U .
A0D0091m
In this case, you are recommended to return the key to the STOP position and
than back to MAR; if the inhibition persists, try again possibly with the other key
provided with the car. If it is still impossible
to start the car, carry out the emergency
starting procedure described herein and
turn to an Alfa Romeo Authorized Service.
fig. 10
20
IMPORTANT Every electronic key has
its own code, which must be memorised
by the system control unit. To memorise
new keys, up to a maximum of seven,
apply solely to Alfa Romeo Authorized
Services taking with you all the keys in
your possession, the CODE card, a personal identity document and the car’s possession documents.
The codes of the keys
not provided during the
new memorising procedure are erased from the memory. This is to ensure that any lost
or stolen keys can no longer be
used to start the car.
IMPORTANT The Alfa Romeo CODE
warning light comes on when travelling
with the ignition key on MAR:
1) If the warning lamp lights up while
the car is moving, it means that the system is running a self-diagnosis (e.g. due to
a voltage drop). The first time you stop you can test the system as follows: switch
the engine off by turning the ignition key
to STOP; then turn the key back to
MAR: the warning lamp will light up and
should go out in the space of about one
second. If the warning lamp fails to go
out, leave the key at STOP for more than
30 seconds and repeat the procedure described previously. If the problem persists,
contact your Authorised Alfa Romeo Dealer.
2) If the warning lamp flashes it means
that the car is not protected by the immobiliser. Contact your Authorized Alfa
Romeo Code Dealer immediately and get
them to store the codes of all the keys in
the memory.
If after about 2 seconds
with the key in the
MAR position, the Alfa
Romeo CODE warning light turns
on again flashing at appr. half
second intervals, this means that
the code of the keys has not
been memorised, thus the car is
not protected by the Alfa Romeo
CODE system against attempted
theft. In this case, contact an Authorized Alfa Romeo Service to
have the key codes memorised.
IMPORTANT In the case of fast starting, turning the key directly from STOP
to AVV, the recognition code might not
be transmitted completely, preventing the
engine from starting: try again more
slowly.
IMPORTANT The system is protected
by two fuses housed in the main fusebox
(see “If a fuse or relay blows” in the
chapter “In an emergency”).
EMERGENCY STARTING
If it is not possible to deactivate the engine inhibitor with the ignition key, Alfa
Romeo Authorized Services can carry out
the emergency procedures using the code
of the CODE card, or, you may do this
yourself, following the procedure described below.
IMPORTANT You are advised to carefully read the entire procedure before carrying it out.
If a mistake is made during the emergency procedure, the ignition key should
be turned to the STOP position and the
operations must be repeated from the start (point 1).
1) Read the 5-figure electronic code on
the CODE card.
2) Turn the ignition key to the MAR
position.
3) Fully depress the accelerator pedal
and keep it pressed. The EOBD/fuel supply-ignition system failure warning light
U will come on for eight seconds approximately and will then go out; now release the accelerator pedal.
4) The warning light U begins to
flash: after it has flashed for the same
number of times as the first digit on the
code of the card, press completely and
hold down the accelerator pedal until the
warning light U comes on (for 4 seconds) and then goes out again; now release the accelerator pedal.
5) The warning light U will begin to
flash: after it has flashed for the same
number of times as the second digit on
the code of the CODE card, press completely and hold down the accelerator
pedal.
6) Repeat this procedure in the same
way for the other digits on the CODE card
code.
7) After entering the last figure, keep
the accelerator pedal pressed. The warning light U turns on (for four seconds)
and then goes off; now release the accelerator pedal.
8) A quick flash of the warning light
(for appr. 4 seconds) confirms that
the operation has taken place correctly.
U
9) Start the car turning the ignition key
from the MAR position to the AVV position without returning the key to the
STOP position.
Conversely, if the warning light U
stays on, turn the ignition key to STOP
and repeat the procedure starting from
point 1).
IMPORTANT After emergency starting it is advisable to turn to an Alfa
Romeo Authorized Service, because the
procedure described must be repeated
each time the engine is started.
21
ELECTRONIC ALARM
REMOTE CONTROL (fig. 11)
(optional for versions/markets where
applicable)
The remote control is incorporated in the
key and it is fitted with a button (A) and
a led (B); the button activates the control, the led flashes while the transmitter
sends the code to the receiver. This code
(rolling code) changes at each transmission.
The system certified in accordance with
EC Directive 95/56 comprises: transmitter , receiver, control unit with siren and
volumetric sensors. The electronic alarm
is controlled by the receiver and it is
turned on and off through the remote
control incorporated in the key which
sends the crypted, variable code. The
electronic alarm monitors: unlawful opening of the doors, bonnet and boot
(perimetral protection), operation of the
ignition key, battery and emergency key
cable cutting, the presence of moving
bodies in the passenger compartment
(volumetric protection) and operates the
central door locking system. Is also
makes it possible to cut off volumetric
protection and/or the siren.
IMPORTANT If, when pressing the
push-button (A), the led (B) issues just a
short flash, replace the batteries as
shown in the previous paragraph.
1013PGSm
DESCRIPTION
IMPORTANT The engine inhibitor
function is guaranteed by the Alfa Romeo
CODE system which is activated automatically when the ignition key is removed
from the lock.
fig. 11
22
Request for additional remote
controls
The receiver can recognise up to 5 remote controls.
If during the life of the car a new remote control is needed for any reason
whatsoever, contact Alfa Romeo Authorized services directly, taking with you the
CODE card, a personal identity document
and the car’s possession documents.
ACTIVATING THE ALARM
Surveillance
DEACTIVATING THE ALARM
When the doors and boot/bonnet lids
are closed and the ignition key is in the
STOP position (key removed), point the
remote control towards the car and press
the button on the ignition key.
When the system has been turned on,
the led (A-fig. 12) on the dashboard
will flash to indicate that the system is in
the surveillance mode.
To deactivate the alarm press the button
on the remote control. The system performs the following (with the exception
of some markets):
– the direction indicators turn on twice
briefly
– two beeps are sounded briefly by the
siren
– the doors are released.
With the exception of some markets the
system sounds a “BEEP”, the hazard
warning lights turn on for appr. three seconds and the door lock is engaged.
305PGSm
Engagement of the alarm is preceded
by a self-diagnosis characterised by a
change in the frequency at which the led
(A-fig. 12) flashes. If an anomaly is
detected the system gives off a further
“BEEP”.
The led (A) inside the car flashes
throughout the whole time the vehicle is
under surveillance.
IMPORTANT Operation of the electronic alarm is adapted at the origin to
the regulations of the different countries.
Self-diagnosis and monitoring of
doors and bonnet/boot
If, after the alarm has been activated, a
second acoustic signal is heard, check
that all the doors and bonnet/boot are
closed properly and engage the system
once again.
On the other hand, if a door or bonnet/boot lid is not correctly closed it will
not be controlled by the system.
If the control signal is repeated when
the doors and bonnet/boot are closed
properly this means that the self-diagnosis function has detected a system operating fault, in which case it is necessary
contact Alfa Romeo Authorized Services.
IMPORTANT If the led in the car stays on when the system has been deactivated, (maximum of 2 minutes or until
the ignition key is moved to MAR) the
following should be borne in mind:
– if the led stays on permanently, it
means that the remote control batteries
are flat and need replacing;
– if the led continues to flash, but at
different intervals than normal, it means
that attempts to steal the car have been
made, counting the number of flashes it
is also possible to identify the type of attempt:
1 flash: right front door
2 flashes: left front door
fig. 12
23
3 flashes: right rear door
4 flashes: left rear door
5 flashes: volumetric sensors
6 flashes: bonnet
7 flashes: boot
8 flashes: tampering with car starting
cables
9 flashes: tampering with battery cables
or cutting emergency key cables
10 flashes: at least three causes of alarm.
WHEN THE ALARM IS
TRIGGERED
When the alarm is engaged it will sound
when:
– One of the doors, the bonnet or the
boot is opened.
– The battery is disconnected or the
electric cables are cut, or the emergency
key cables are cut.
– Intrusion into the passenger compartment, e.g. window being broken (volumetric protection).
– Attempt to start the engine (key at
MAR).
Depending on the markets, the triggering of the alarm will activate the siren
and the hazard warning lights (for about
26 seconds). The methods of operation
and the number of cycles may vary depending on the versions/markets. However a maximum number of cycles is foreseen. Once the alarm cycle has come to
an end the system will return to its normal monitoring state.
24
SWITCHING OFF THE ALARM
To switch off the alarm, press the remote control button on the key. If the
alarm does not turn off due to a flat remote control battery or system fault,
open the door after unlocking with the
lock key, then place the key in the ignition switch and turn it to MAR.
To turn on the alarm again, turn the key
to STOP and remove it, then press the
remote control button after leaving the
car and shutting the doors. If the alarm
does not turn on and the led on the remote control gives only one brief flash
while the led on the dashboard stays on
glowing steadily for about 2 minutes, the
key battery should be replaced by a new
one of the equivalent type on sale c/o
normal retailers. To change the battery
follow the instructions given at paragraph
“Key battery change” on previous pages.
If it is not possible to switch on the
alarm with a new remote control battery,
contact Alfa Romeo Authorised Services
to have the system checked.
VOLUMETRIC PROTECTION
To guarantee correct operation, all the
windows and the sunroof (optional for
versions/markets where applicable)
should be closed. This function can be excluded (for example when leaving animals on-board the vehicle) by performing
the following operations in quick succession: when the ignition key is at the
MAR position, move the key to the
STOP position and then return the key
to the MAR and then once again to the
STOP position. Remove the ignition key.
The led in the vehicle will come on for
about 2 seconds to confirm that the function has been excluded.
To restore volumetric protection move
the ignition key to the MAR position
and hold it in this position for more than
30 seconds.
CUTTING OUT OPERATION OF
THE SIREN
(optional for versions/markets where
applicable)
When requiring to dispense with the
siren acoustic signalling in the alarm condition, simply keep the remote control
button (A-fig. 13) pressed for 4 seconds when engaging the system.
This condition is shown by a series of 5
beeps in quick succession after the normal acoustic/visual signals when the system is operated.
The next time the system is activated,
normal operation of the siren is restored
automatically.
If requiring to activate an electric control
operated by the ignition key at MAR
(e.g. electric windows) with the volumetric protection deactivated, turn the ignition key to MAR, operate the control
and return the key to STOP within a
maximum time of 30 seconds. This way
volumetric protection is not restored.
1014PGSm
IMPORTANT If the car is to remain inactive for a prolonged length of time
(over three weeks) and security conditions permitting, it is advisable to operate
central locking turning the key in the door
lock to avoid engaging the alarm and
draining the battery.
fig. 13
25
MINISTERIAL
HOMOLOGATIONS
In keeping with the laws in force in
each country on the subject of radio frequency, we point out that:
REMOTE CONTROL
DOOR LOCKING
SYSTEM
IGNITION DEVICE
THE SWITCH (fig. 15)
The switch has four positions:
– for markets in which the transmitter
needs to be marked with the homologation number, this has been stated on the
component.
The system comprises a receiver and a
transmitter (remote control) incorporated
in the key (B-fig. 14). To lock/unlock
the locks, point the transmitter towards
the car, press and release the button
(C). If, when pressing the remote control
push-button (C), the led (A) (where required) issues just a short flash, replace
the batteries as described in the “The Alfa Romeo CODE system” paragraph.
– STOP: engine switched off, key can
be removed, engine lock engaged, steering lock engaged, all services excluded apart from those powered directly (e.g.
hazard warning light I.C.S. system (except climate control).
(Depending on the versions/markets,
the code may also be marked on the
transmitter and/or on the receiver).
IMPORTANT Should it be necessary
to programme additional remote controls,
contact Alfa Romeo Authorized Services.
– MAR: drive position. The engine
lock is deactivated and all electrical devices are powered.
fig. 14
26
1004PGSm
– ACC: position for using the cigar
lighter and of the I.C.S. system (except
climate control).
1015PGSm
– the separate homologation numbers
for each market are given on the last
pages of this handbook before the alphabetical index (for some countries also homologation document);
fig. 15
IMPORTANT Never leave the key in
this position when the engine is stationary.
– AVV: starting the engine.
IMPORTANT If the engine does not
start return the ignition key to the STOP
position and repeat the sequence.
The ignition block is fitted with a safety
device preventing it from being moved to
the AVV position when the engine is already running.
WARNING
When leaving the vehicle
always remove the key
from the ignition to prevent any
passenger in the car from inadvertently activating the controls.
Never leave children unattended in
a car. Remember to engage the
handbrake and if the vehicle is facing uphill, first gear and if the vehicle is facing downhill, reverse.
If the ignition device is
tampered with (for example during an attempted break-in) have it checked
over by Alfa Romeo Authorized
Services, before travelling again.
STEERING LOCK
Engaging lock:
– move the key to the STOP position
and remove the key lightly turning the
steering wheel to facilitate the locking action.
WARNING
It is absolutely forbidden
to carry out whatever after-market operation involving
steering system or steering column
modifications (e.g.: installation of
anti-theft Device) that could badly
affect performance and safety,
cause the lapse of warranty and
also result in non-compliance of the
car with homologation requirements.
Releasing the lock:
– turn the key to the MAR position
and gently rock the steering wheel in
both directions.
WARNING
Never remove the key
with the car on the
move. The steering wheel would
lock automatically the first time
the steering wheel is turned. This
also occurs if the car is towed.
27
AUTOMATIC DOOR LOCKING
The automatic door locking function activates automatically when the car speed
exceeds 20 km/h.
This function can be deactivated and reactivated by the following procedure, to
be carried out with the car at a standstill,
key at STOP and doors closed:
- turn the key to MAR
fig. 16
28
IMPORTANT Depending on the versions/markets the lock for the key may
only be present on the driver’s door.
– To close the door, turn the key in the
opposite direction.
Rear doors
OPENING/CLOSING FROM
OUTSIDE
– To open the door, only with the inner
knob (A-fig. 17) raised, pull the opening handle (B-fig. 18).
Front doors
– To open the door, turn the key (clockwise for the driver’s door, counter-clockwise for the passenger’s door) and then
remove the key and pull the handle (Afig. 16).
– To close the door in safety, press the
button (A-fig. 17) also with the door
open, then close it.
318PGS
1005PGS
- keep button (A-fig. 20) on the central console pressed until completing a full
centralised door locking cycle (opening
and closing or vice versa).
WARNING
Before opening a door
ensure that this can be
done safely.
fig. 17
315PGS
DOORS
fig. 18
OPENING/CLOSING
FROM INSIDE
outside, press the button (A-fig. 20)
on the centre console or the knob (Bfig. 19).
Front doors
– To open the door pull the handle
(A-fig. 19) regardless of the position
of knob (B-fig. 19).
P4C00057
313PGSm
– Pull the door to close; then, to prevent the door from being opened from
This permits centralized locking of all
doors, both front and rear.
To operate the centralized locking device the doors must be perfectly closed
otherwise the system will not work.
Rear doors (fig. 21)
WARNING
The rear doors can only
be opened if the child
safety lock has been released.
– To open the door pull handle (B).
– To close the door press the knob (A)
even when the door is open, and then
close it.
IMPORTANT If one of the doors is
not closed properly the led on the relative
“door open” display will come on.
For versions/markets where applicable,
central locking depends on the complete
closing of all the doors and of the boot.
– From outside: when the doors are
closed, insert and turn the key in the lock
of one of the two front doors.
IMPORTANT Depending on the versions/markets the lock for the key may
only be present on the driver’s door.
314PGSm
A0D0006m
fig. 19
fig. 20
CENTRALIZED LOCKING
fig. 21
29
– From inside: with the doors closed,
press the button (A-fig. 20) on the
centre console or one of the knobs
(B-fig. 19) on the front doors to engage (lock) central locking.
By pressing the knob (A-fig. 21) on
one of the rear doors only that particular
door will be locked.
To unlock central locking press the button
again (A-fig. 20).
IMPORTANT For the front doors it is
not possible to keep the knob (Bfig. 19) down if the door has not been
shut properly.
CHILD SAFETY LOCK (fig. 22)
The rear doors are equipped with a special device which prevents the door being
opened from inside.
The device can be engaged when the
door is open by acting on the relative control using the ignition key.
Position 1 = Device inactive
– Engage the child safety device.
– Do not leave a child alone in the vehicle.
– Follow the current laws regarding
child restraint and safety systems.
Position 2 = Device engaged.
This device should be used when children are in the back seat to prevent them
from opening the door whilst the car is
moving.
1006PGSm
IMPORTANT If the power supply is
interrupted (burnt fuse, battery disconnected etc.) each door can be opened
manually from both inside and outside
the vehicle.
IMPORTANT The centralized locking
system can be deactivated, thus unlocking all doors, by lifting the door opening
lever on one of the two front doors.
fig. 22
30
IMPORTANT Do not overlook child
safety; the following recommendations
should be heeded:
WARNING
After activating the safety
device check that it is
working correctly by pulling on the
inner lever used to open the door.
SEATS
FRONT SEATS
WARNING
Adjustments may be
made solely with the car
stationary.
Manual adjustment controls
Moving the seat backwards or
forwards
Lift lever (A-fig. 23) and push the
seat backwards or forwards.
IMPORTANT Once you have let go
of the lever, check that the seat is firmly
locked in the runners by trying to move it
back and forth. If the seat is not locked
properly, in the case of collision it might
move unexpectedly with clearly dangerous consequences.
Adjusting the height of the
driver’s seat
To raise the seat, pull the lever (Bfig. 23) taking it upwards, then continue operating the lever (up and down) until reaching the required height. To lower
the seat, push the lever (B) downwards,
then operate the lever (up and down) until reaching the height required.
fig. 23
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674PGSm
IMPORTANT Adjustment must only
be carried out when seated in the driver’s
seat.
Seat inclination power adjustment
The adjustment is performed by applying pressure on the front or back part of
the two-position switch (C-fig. 23).
Seat warming (fig. 24)
(optional for versions/markets where
applicable)
The seat warming pad can be switched
on and off using switch (A) on the outer
side of the seat.
When the warming pad is on, the led
on the switch turns on.
Upholstery of your car
has been designed to
withstand wear deriving from common use of the car.
You are however recommended
to avoid strong and/or continuous scratching with clothing accessories such as metallic buckles, studs, Velcro fastenings and
the like, since these items cause
circumscribed stress of the cover
fabric that could lead to yarn
breaking, and damage the cover
as a consequence.
fig. 24
31
Controls for seats with electric
adjstment (on request for versions/
markets where applicable)
The position of the seats is adjusted
electrically with the controls (A-fig. 2526) and (B-fig. 25-27):
A - Multifunction control:
1 - raising the front of the seat
2 - raising the rear of the seat
3 - vertical movement of the seat
4 - longitudinal movement of the seat.
Lumbar adjustment of the seat is carried
out raising or lowering the control (Bfig. 25-27), until finding the most
comfortable position.
Seat heating (fig. 28)
Seat heating is turned on and off using
the switch (C) on the outer side of the
seat.
When seat warming is on the led on the
switch lights up.
To memorise a seat position, proceed as
follows:
1) Adjust the position of the driver’s
seat with the controls described in the
previous paragraph.
604PGSm
319PGSm
fig. 26
603PGSm
3) Proceed in the same way to memorise the other two positions of the seat.
C - Seat heating.
32
The system makes it possible to memorise and call up three different positions
of the driver’s seat.
2) Simultaneously press (for about 1
second) the button (MEM-fig. 29)
and one of the buttons (1), (2), or (3),
each corresponding to a position that can
be memorised.
B - Multifunction control:
5 - seat back rake adjustment
6 - lumbar adjustment of the seat.
fig. 25
Memorising the driver’s seat
positions (fig. 29)
fig. 27
fig. 28
WARNING
Remember that the head
restraints must be positioned so that they are supporting
the back of the head and not the
neck. They will only be able to provide effective protection in the
event of a collision if they are in
this position.
IMPORTANT The shape of the headrest may vary depending on the version
and/or market. The example shown is
used only to demonstrate the methods by
which it can be adjusted.
373PGSm
IMPORTANT Memorising the positions of the seat does not include turning
on the heating.
Front headrests are adjustable in height
and rake: to adjust the height, move the
headrest up or down, then release it and
make sure that it is locked on one of the
positions provided. To adjust the rake,
turn the headrest forwards to the required
position.
A0D0064m
Keeping the corresponding button (1),
(2), or (3) pressed the positions memorised can be called even if the ignition
key is in the STOP position or removed.
Adjusting the headrests (fig. 30)
660PGSm
When memorising a new position of the
seat the previous one memorised with
the same button is cleared automatically.
fig. 29
fig. 30
33
To raise/lower the armrest, lower it as illustrated. To lower/raise the armrest keep
the lock button pressed (A-fig. 32).
To use the armrest, lower it as illustrated.
fig. 31
34
fig. 32
568PGSm
The front seats are provided with a
pocket in the rear of the seat back.
There is a compartment inside the armrest: to open, lift the cover (fig. 33).
561PGSm
Centre armrest (fig. 32-33)
337PGSm
Rear pockets (fig. 31)
fig. 33
Upholstery of your car
has been designed to
withstand wear deriving from common use of the car.
You are however recommended
to avoid strong and/or continuous scratching with clothing accessories such as metallic buckles, studs, Velcro fastenings and
the like, since these items cause
circumscribed stress of the cover
fabric that could lead to yarn
breaking, and damage the cover
as a consequence.
Centre armrest
Ski compartment
To use the centre armrest, lower it as illustrated (fig. 34).
The compartment may be used for carrying long loads. To gain access to this
compartment, lower the armrest and then
lower the lid (A-fig. 35) onto the armrest.
Pull the handle (A-fig. 36) to open
the door from the luggage compartment.
Headrest (fig. 37)
366PGSm
REAR SEAT
The car is fitted with two headrests for
the side rear seats.
The rear headrests are fixed and integrated in the seat back.
fig. 34
fig. 36
371PGSm
671PGSm
365PGSm
fig. 35
fig. 37
35
The steering wheel position is adjustable
and may be moved nearer to or further
away from the driver and also raised or
lowered.
To do this, it is necessary to release
lever (A) pulling it towards the steering
wheel. After setting the steering wheel in
the most appropriate position, lock it
pushing the lever forwards fully home.
WARNING
It is absolutely forbidden
to carry out whatever after-market operation involving
steering system or steering column
modifications (e.g.: installation of
anti-theft Device) that could badly
affect performance and safety,
cause the lapse of warranty and
also result in non-compliance of the
car with homologation requirements.
The mirror, fitted with a safety device
which releases it in the event of a violent
impact can be moved to two positions operating lever (A-fig. 39): normal or anti-glare.
310PGS
For some versions/markets the mirror
(fig. 40) automatically sets to the day
or night position.
317PGS
36
INTERNAL REAR-VIEW
MIRROR (fig. 39-40)
IMPORTANT The configuration of the
mirror may vary depending on the vehicle
trim level. The figure here is demonstrative only to show how it is adjusted.
WARNING
The steering wheel position must only be adjusted with the vehicle stationary.
fig. 38
ADJUSTING THE
REAR-VIEW MIRRORS
fig. 39
675PGS
STEERING WHEEL
ADJUSTMENT (fig. 38)
fig. 40
Electrically adjustable (fig. 41)
– Select the mirror to be adjusted using
switch (A) (right or left).
– Press button (B) to one of the four
directions and adjust the mirror selected
previously.
– Position the switch (A) in the intermediate locking position.
fig. 41
WARNING
When travelling the door
mirrors must always be
in position (A).
Folding (fig. 41-42)
Defrosting/demisting (fig. 43)
– If necessary (for example when the
size of the mirror causes difficulty in narrow paces) the door mirror can be folded
in towards the vehicle from position (Afig. 42) to position (B).
The electric mirrors can be fitted with
heating coils which are operated together
with rearscreen heating pressing button
(A) which prevent the mirrors from frosting and/or misting.
For some versions/markets the mirrors
can be folded electrically using a button
(C-fig. 41).
This function is timed and is deactivated
after a few minutes.
570PGSm
A0D0007m
P4C00057
The mirror can only be adjusted electrically when the ignition key is in the
MAR position.
WARNING
Curved door mirrors (for
versions/markets where
applicable) slightly alter the perception of distance.
A0D0010m
DOOR MIRRORS
fig. 42
fig. 43
37
POWER WINDOWS
FRONT
Driver’s side (fig. 44)
The driver’s door armrest contains the
buttons which, with the ignition key at
MAR, operate the following windows:
A - left front window
B - right front window.
Passenger’s side (fig. 45)
Button (A) is used to operate the passenger’s window.
The passenger’s window is fitted with a
device for “continuous automatic operation” only for lowering it.
The device works as describes for the
driver’s window.
With the ignition key at STOP or removed, the power windows remain activated for about 2 minutes or until a front
door is opened.
fig. 44
38
531PGSm
A0D0008m
Press the button to lower the window.
Pull the button to raise it.
IMPORTANT The driver’s power window is fitted with a “continuous automatic operation” device for both lowering
and raising the window. A brief press on
the upper or lower part of the button will
cause the window to move and continue
its stroke automatically: the window
stops in the position required by pressing
either the upper or lower part of the button again.
fig. 45
REAR
Controls on rear doors (fig. 47)
The rear windows are operated by the
split controls on the driver’s door and
those on each rear door.
Each rear door panel plate contains a
button (A) for operating the corresponding window.
With the ignition key on MAR, press
the button to lower the window, pull the
button or raise it.
Controls on driver’s door (fig. 46)
Do not hold the button
down when the window
is fully open or fully
closed.
The following controls are located on
the inner driver’s door panel plate:
C - left rear window
D - right rear window
WARNING
Incorrect use of the
power windows can be
dangerous. Before and during operation of them always make sure
that the passengers are not exposed to the risk of harm caused
either directly by the windows in
motion or by personal objects
drawn or knocked by them. When
leaving the vehicle always remove
the ignition key to prevent passengers (especially children) from
being injured by the power windows inadvertently operated.
fig. 46
328PGSm
A0D0009m
E - rear door window controls inhibitor
(with the inhibitor activated the led on
the button is off).
fig. 47
39
USING THE SEAT BELTS
The belt should be worn keeping the
chest straight and rested against the seat
back.
WARNING
Never press button (C)
when travelling.
Take hold the tongue (A-fig. 48) and
insert it into the buckle (B), until hearing
the locking click.
When the car is parked on a steep slope
the reel mechanism may block; this is
normal. The reel mechanism prevents the
webbing coming out when it is jerked or
if the car brakes sharply, in a collision or
when cornering at high speed.
571PGSm
To unfasten the seat belts, press button
(C).
Through the reel, the belt automatically
adapts to the body of the passenger
wearing it, allowing freedom of movement.
fig. 48
40
WARNING
To offer the highest level
of protection, the rear seat
belts should be fastened as shown
in fig. 49 and fig. 50.
A0D0130m
At removal, if it jams, let it rewind for a
short stretch, then pull it out again without jerking.
The rear seat is fitted with inertial seat
belts with three anchor points with reel for
the side seats and an abdominal belt with
two anchor points for the centre (A-fig.
49) seat. For versions/markets where applicable, the centre seat can be fitted with
inertial seat belt with three anchor points
and reel like side seats (fig. 50).
fig. 49
A0D0131m
Guide the seat belt with your hand
while it is rewinding, to prevent it from
twisting.
SEAT BELTS
fig. 49/A
WARNING
Remember that in the
event of a violent collision, back seat passengers not
wearing seat belts also represent
a serious danger for the front seat
passengers.
REAR CENTRAL ABDOMINAL
BELT (fig. 51) (where provided)
FRONT SEAT BELT HEIGHT
ADJUSTMENT
Fasten the belt by inserting the tab (A)
into the clip (B) until a click is heard.
tionary.
Press button (C) to release the belt.
A0D0128m
WARNING
Make the height adjustment when the car is sta-
To adjust the belt, run the tape in the
buckle (D) pulling the end (E) to tighten
and part (F) to loosen.
IMPORTANT The belt is adjusted correctly when it adheres to the pelvis.
When the rear seats are not occupied,
the appropriate spaces between the backrest and cushion should be used to stow
the seat belt clips neatly.
Always adjust the height of the seat belt
to fit the person wearing it.
fig. 50/A
320PGSm
3139CAm
A0D0129m
fig. 50
fig. 51
fig. 52
41
This precaution could greatly reduce the
risk of injury in case of collision.
Correct adjustment is obtained when the
belt passes half way between the end of
the shoulder and the neck.
4 different adjustments in height are
provided.
To adjust the attachment raise or lower
the grip (A-fig. 52) and ring (Bfig. 52) to one of the set positions.
WARNING
After adjustment, always
check that the slider is
anchored in one of the positions
provided. To do this, with the button (A-fig. 52) released, exert a
further pressure to allow the anchor device to catch if release did
not take place at one of the preset
positions.
42
PRETENSIONERS
To increase the efficiency of the front
seat belts, the Alfa 166 is fitted with
pretensioners.
These devices “feel”, through a sensor,
that a violent crash is in progress and
rewind the seat belts a few centimetres.
In this way they ensure that the seat belt
adheres perfectly to the wearer before
the restraining action begins.
The seat belt locks to indicate that the
device has intervened; the seat belt cannot be drawn back up even when guiding
it manually.
IMPORTANT To obtain the highest
degree of protection from the action of
the pretensioning device, wear the seat
belt keeping it firmly close to the chest
and pelvis.
A small amount of smoke may be produced. This smoke is in no way toxic and
presents no fire hazard.
The pretensioner does not require any
maintenance or greasing. Anything that
modifies its original conditions invalidates
its efficiency. If due to unusual natural
events (floods, sea storm, etc.) the device has been affected by water and
mud, it must necessarily be replaced.
WARNING
The pretensioner can only
be used once. After a collision that has triggered it, have it
replaced at an Alfa Romeo Authorized Services. The validity of the
device is 10 years starting from
the date of production, the pretensioners should be replaced at an
Alfa Romeo Authorized Services as
this date approaches.
WARNING
For maximum safety,
keep the back of your
seat upright, lean back into it and
make sure the seat belt fits closely
across your chest and hips.
Make sure that the seat belts of
the front and rear passengers are
fastened at all times! You increase
the risk of serious injury or death
in a collision if you travel with the
belts unfastened.
GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR
USING THE SEAT BELTS
The driver must comply with (and have
the vehicle occupants follow) all the local
legal regulations concerning the use of
seat belts.
Always fasten the seat belts before starting.
WARNING
The belt should not be
twisted, make sure that it
is taut and adheres to the passenger’s body. The upper part should
pass over the shoulder and cross
the chest diagonally. The lower part
should adhere to the pelvis and to
the abdomen of the passenger, (fig.
53). Do not use any objects (pegs,
stoppers, etc.) to keep the belts
away from the body.
WARNING
Under no circumstances
should the components of
the seat belts and pretensioner be
tampered with or removed. Any
operation should be carried out by
qualified and authorised personnel.
Always contact Alfa Romeo Authorized Services. If the belt has
been subjected to heavy stress, for
example after an accident, it
should be changed completely together with the anchors, anchor
fastening screws and the pretensioners. In fact, even if the belt has
no visible defects, it could have
lost its resilience.
593PGSm
Operations which lead to
knocks, vibrations or localised heating (over
100°C for a maximum of 6 hours)
in the area around the pretensioners may cause damage or trigger
them. These devices are not affected by vibrations caused by irregularities of the road surface or
low obstacles such as kerbs, etc.
Contact a Alfa Romeo Authorized
Services for any assistance.
fig. 53
43
WARNING
Never travel with a child
sitting on the passenger’s lap with a single belt to protect them both (fig. 54). Do not
fasten other objects to the body.
Seat belts are also to be worn by expectant mothers: the risk of injury in the case
of accident is greatly reduced for them
and the unborn child if they are wearing
a seat belt.
Of course they must position the lower
part of the belt very low down so that it
passes under the abdomen (fig. 55).
HOW TO KEEP THE SEAT BELTS
ALWAYS IN EFFICIENT
CONDITIONS
1) Always use the belt with the tape
taut and never twisted; make sure that it
is free to run without impediments.
2) After a serious accident, replace the
belt being worn at that time, even if it
does not appear damaged. Always replace the seat belts if pretensioners have
been activated.
3) To clean the belts, wash by hand
with neutral soap, rinse and leave to dry
in the shade. Never use strong detergents, bleach or dyes or other chemical
substance that might weaken the fibres.
fig. 54
44
594PGSm
595PGSm
4) Prevent the reels from getting wet:
their correct operation is only guaranteed
if water does not get inside.
fig. 55
5) Replace the seat belt when showing
significant wear or cut signs.
CARRYING CHILDREN SAFELY
RBAG
WARNING
SERIOUS DANGER: Never place cradle child’s seats on the
front passenger seat of cars fitted with passenger air bag
since the air bag activation could cause serious injuries, even mortal. You
are advised to carry children always on the rear seat, as this is the most
protected position in the case of a crash. In any case, children's seats must
absolutely not be fitted on the front seat of car’s with passenger’s air bag,
which during inflation could cause serious injury, even mortal, regardless
of the seriousness of the crash that triggered it.
Children may be placed on the front seat of cars fitted with passenger’s
air bag deactivation. In this case, it is absolutely necessary to check the
warning light F on the cluster to make sure that deactivation has actually taken place (see paragraph “Front and side air bags” at item “Passenger’s front air bag”). The front passenger seat shall be adjusted in the
most backward position to prevent any contact between child’s seat and
dashboard.
This is even more warning for children.
According to 2003/20/EC Directive,
this prescription is compulsory for all European Community countries.
Compared with adults, their head is proportionally larger and heavier than the
rest of the body, while the muscles and
bone structure are not completely developed. Therefore, correct restraint systems
are necessary, other then adult seat belts.
003STZm
AI
For optimal protection in the event of a
crash, all passengers must be seated and
wearing adequate restraint systems.
fig. 56
45
Group 0
0-10 kg in weight
Group 0+
0-13 kg in weight
Group 1
9-18 kg in weight
Group 2
15-25 kg in weight
Group 3
22-36 kg in weight
As it may be noted, the groups overlap
partly and in fact, in commerce it is possible to find devices that cover more than
one weight group (fig. 56).
Lineaccessori Alfa Romeo offers seats
for each weight group, which are the recommended choice, as they have been designed and experimented specifically for
Alfa Romeo cars.
GROUP 0 and 0+
Babies up to 13 kg must be carried facing backwards on a cradle seat, which,
supporting the head, does not induce
stress on the neck in the event of sharp
deceleration. The cradle is restrained by
the car seat belts, as shown in (fig. 57)
and in turn it must restrain the child with
its own belts.
fig. 57
46
GROUP 1
Starting from 9 kg to 18 kg in weight,
children may be carried facing forwards,
with seats fitted with front cushion
(fig. 58), through which the car seat
belt restrains both child and seat.
004STZm
All restraint devices must bear the certification data, together with the control
brand, on a solidly fixed label which must
absolutely never be removed. Over
481.50 m in height, from the point of
view of restraint systems, children are
considered as adults and wear the seat
belts normally.
WARNING
Illustration is indicative
for assembly only. Assemble the seat according to the
compulsory instructions provided
with it. Child’s seat shall not be
assembled on the rear central seat.
005STZm
The results of research on the best child
restraint systems are contained in the European Standard ECE-R44. This Standard
enforces the use of restraint systems classified in five groups:
fig. 58
GROUP 3
Starting from 15 kg to 25 kg in weight,
children may be restrained directly by the
car belts. The only function of the seat is to
position the child correctly in relation to the
belts, so that the diagonal part adheres to
the chest and not to the neck and that the
horizontal part clings to the child’s pelvis
and not the abdomen (fig. 59).
For children from 22 kg up to 36 kg the
size of the child’s chest no longer requires
a support to space the child’s back from
the seat back.
(Fig. 60) shows proper child seat positioning on the rear seat.
Children taller than 1.50 m can wear
seat belts like adults.
WARNING
Illustration is indicative
for assembly only. Assemble the seat according to the
compulsory instructions provided
with it. Child’s seat shall not be
assembled on the rear central seat.
fig. 59
007STZm
WARNING
Seats exist which are
suitable for covering
weight groups 0 and 1 with a rear
connection to the vehicle belts and
their own belts to restrain the
child. Due to their size, they can be
dangerous if installed incorrectly
fastened to the car belts with a
cushion. Carefully follow the instructions for installation provided
with the seat.
GROUP 2
006STZm
WARNING
Illustration is indicative
for assembly only. Assemble the seat according to the
compulsory instructions provided
with it. Child’s seat shall not be
assembled on the rear central seat.
fig. 60
47
WARNING
Illustration is indicative
for assembly only. Assemble the seat according to the
compulsory instructions provided
with it. Child’s seat shall not be
assembled on the rear central seat.
Below is a summar y of the
rules of safety to be followed
for carrying children:
1) The recommended position for installing children’s seat is on the rear seat,
as it is the most protected in the case of
a crash.
WARNING
In cars fitted with passenger air bag never
place child’s restraint systems on
the front seat since children shall
never be seated on the front passenger seat.
2) If the passenger’s air bag is deactivated always check the warning light
F on the cluster to make sure that it
has actually been deactivated.
3) Attain to the instructions for fastening the specific child restraint system
which you are using. These instructions
must be provided by the manufacturer.
Keep the child restraint system installation instructions with the car documents
and this Handbook. Never use a child restraint system without installation instructions.
4) Always check the seat belt is well
fastened by pulling the webbing.
5) Only one child is to be strapped to
each retaining system.
6) Always check the seat belts do not
fit around the child’s throat.
7) While travelling, do not let the child
sit incorrectly or release the belts.
8) Passengers should never carry children on their laps. No-one, however
strong they are, can hold a child in the
event of a crash.
9) In case of an accident, replace the
seat with a new one.
48
PASSENGER SEAT COMPLIANCE WITH REGULATIONS ON CHILD’S SEAT USE
The car, for versions/markets where applicable, complies with the new Directive 2000/3/EC regulating child’s seat assembling on
the different car seats according to the following table:
Group
Range of weight
SEAT
Front passenger
Lateral central
passenger
Rear central
passenger
until 13 kg
U
U
(*)
Group 1
9 -18 kg
U
U
(*)
Group 2
15 - 25 kg
U
U
(*)
Group 3
22 - 36 kg
U
U
(*)
Group 0,0+
Key:
U
= suitable for child restraint systems of the “Universal” category, according to European Standard ECE-R44 for the specified
“Groups”
(*) = child’s seat cannot be installed on the rear centre seat
49
FRONT AND SIDE
AIR BAGS
FRONT AIR BAGS
It is formed of an instantly-inflating
cushion contained in a special recess:
Description and operation
A0D0012m
A0D0011m
The car is fitted with front Air bags for
the driver (fig. 61) and front passenger
(fig. 62), side bags (fig. 63) and
front window bags.
The front Air bag (driver’s and passenger’s) is a safety device that comes into
action in the event of a head-on collision.
598PGSm
fig. 61
fig. 62
50
fig. 63
– in the centre of the steering wheel for
the driver,
– in the dashboard with a larger-sized
cushion for the passenger.
The front Air bag (driver’s and passenger’s) is a device designed to protect the
occupants in the event of head-on collision of medium-high severity by the interposition of the cushion between the occupant and the steering wheel or dashboard.
In the event of a crash, the electronic
control unit processes the signals leading
from a deceleration sensor and when necessary, triggers inflation of the cushion.
The cushion inflates instantly as a protective barrier between the occupants’
bodies and the structures which could
cause injury. The cushion deflates immediately afterwards.
In case of crash, a person not wearing
the seat belt moves forward and may
come into contact with the cushion while
it is still inflating. Under this circumstance
the protection offered by the air bag is reduced.
Front air bags are designed to protect
car’s occupants in front crashes and therefore non-activation in other types of collisions (side collisions, rear-end shunts, rollovers, etc…) is not a system malfunction.
In collisions against highly deformable
or mobile objects (such as road signs,
heaps of gravel or snow, parked vehicles,
etc.), in rear crashes (such as bumps
from behind by another vehicle), side impacts, and in case of wedging under other
vehicles or protective barriers (for example under a truck or guard rail), the Air
bag is not triggered as it offers no additional protection compared with the seat
belts, consequently, it would be pointless.
Therefore the failure to be triggered
does not mean that the system is not
working properly.
The front Air bag (driver and passenger)
has been designed to protect the occupants in the event of head-on crashes of
medium-high severity, by placing the
cushion between the occupant and the steering wheel or dashboard.
51
The passenger’s front air bag has been
designed to improve the protection of a
person wearing a seat belt.
It volume at maximum inflation fills
most of the space between the dashboard and the passenger.
WARNING
SERIOUS DANGER: The
car is fitted with an Air
bag on the passenger's side. Never
place cradle child’s seats on the
front passenger seat of cars fitted
with passenger air bag since the
air bag activation could cause serious injuries, even mortal. In the
case of need, always deactivate
the passenger's Air bag when a
child's seat is placed on the front
seat. The front passenger seat
shall be adjusted in the most backward position to prevent any contact between child’s seat and
dashboard. Even if not compulsory
by law, you are recommended to
reactivate the Air bag immediately
as soon as child transport is no
longer necessary.
MANUAL DEACTIVATION OF
PASSENGER’S FRONT AIR BAG
Should it be absolutely necessary to carry a child on the front seat, the passenger’s front Air bag can be deactivated.
Deactivation takes place operating the
special key switch on the right of the
dashboard (fig. 65) using the car’s ignition switch. Access to the switch is only
possible with the door open.
380PGSm
PASSENGER’S FRONT AIR BAG
fig. 65
52
Deactivation/reactivation takes place
with ignition key at STOP and operating
it in the special key switch on the righthand side of the dashboard (fig. 65).
You can reach the switch only if the
door is opened.
WARNING
Operate the switch only
when the engine is not
running and the ignition key is removed.
The key switch (fig. 65) has two positions:
1) Passenger’s front Air bag active
(ON position P) warning light on cluster off; it is absolutely prohibited to carry
children on the front seat.
2) Passenger’s front Air bag deactivated (OFF position F) warning light on
cluster on; it is possible to carry children
protected by special restraint systems on
the front seat.
The F warning light on the instrument cluster glows steadily until the passenger’s Air bag is reactivated.
WARNING
Warning light F indicates also warning light
¬ failure. This is indicated by intermittent flashing, over 4 seconds, of warning light F. In this
event, warning light ¬ could be
not up to indicate restraint system
failures, if any. Stop the car and
contact Alfa Romeo Authorized
Services to have the system
checked.
Deactivation of the front passenger’s Air
bag does not inhibit operation of the side
Air bag.
With the door open the key can be inserted and removed in both positions.
53
SIDE AIR BAGS
(SIDE BAG FRONT WINDOW BAG)
Side air bags have the task of increasing
protection of the occupants in the event of
a side crash of medium-high severity.
They are made of two types of instantlyinflating cushions:
– side bags, housed in the back rest of
the front seats; with this solution it is always
possible to have the air bag (cushion) in the
optimum position in relation to the passenger, regardless of the adjustment of the
seat;
– front window bags, which are “curtain”
cushions, are housed behind the side roof
linings; this solution designed to protect the
head, makes it possible to offer the highest
degree of protection to the front occupants
in the event of a side crash, thanks to the
wide cushion inflation surface.
In the event of a side crash the electronic
control unit processes the signals leading
from a deceleration sensor and, when necessary, triggers inflation of the air bags.
54
The bags inflate instantaneously, setting
themselves between the body of the front
passengers and the car door. The bags deflate immediately afterwards.
In the event of minor side crashes (for
which the restraining action of the seat belts
is sufficient), the air bags are not deployed.
Also in this case it is of vital importance to
wear the seat belts since in case of side
crash they guarantee proper positioning of
the occupant and prevent the occupant to
be pitched out of the car in case of violent
crashes.
Therefore the side air bags do not replace
but are complementary to the use of belts,
which you are recommended to always
wear, as specified by law in Europe and
most non-European countries.
Operation of the side air bags and front
window bags is not disabled by the front air
bag deactivation switch, as described in the
previous paragraphs.
IMPORTANT In the event of side
crash, you can obtain the best protection
by the system keeping a correct position
on the seat, thus allowing correct front
window bag unfolding.
WARNING
WARNING Never rest
head, arms and elbows
on the door, on the windows and
in the front window bag area to
prevent possible injuries during the
inflation phase.
IMPORTANT The front and/or side
air bags may be activated if the car is
subjected to heavy shocks or accidents
that involve the underbody area, such as
for example violent bumps against steps,
pavements or fixed obstacles on the
ground, falling into big holes or bumpy
roads.
IMPORTANTS The triggering of air
bags releases a small amount of powder.
This powder is not harmful and does not
indicate a start of fire; also the surfaces
of the deployed bag and the car interior
may be covered with dusty residue: this
may irritate the skin and eyes. In the
event of exposure, wash with neutral
soap and water.
WARNING
Never lean head, arms
and elbows out of the
window.
The air bag system has a validity of 14
years as concerns the pyrotechnic charge
and 10 years as concerns the coil contact.
Contact Alfa Romeo Authorized Services as
this date approaches.
IMPORTANT If an accident has triggered the air bag, Alfa Romeo Authorized
Services must be contacted to have the devices activated replaced and to have the
whole system checked.
All operations involving checking, repairing and replacing components concerning
the Air bag must be carried out by Alfa
Romeo Authorized Services.
If the car is to be demolished, Alfa Romeo
Authorized Services should be contacted beforehand to have the system deactivated.
If the car changes ownership, the new
owner must be informed of the instructions
for use and of the above warnings and be
given this “Owner’s Manual”.
IMPORTANT The triggering of the pretensioners, front air bags and side bags is
decided by the electronic control unit in a
differentiated manner depending on the
type of crash. The failure to trigger one or
more of them does not necessarily indicate
a system malfunction.
GENERAL WARNINGS
WARNING
If the ¬ warning light
does not turn on when
turning the ignition key to MAR or
if it stays on when travelling, this
could indicate a failure in safety retaining systems; under this condition air bags or pretensioners could
not trigger in the event of collision
or, in a restricted number of cases,
they could trigger accidentally.
Stop the car and contact a Alfa
Romeo Authorized Services to
have the system checked.
WARNING
Do not cover back rest of
front seats with trims or
covers there are not set for the
use of side bags.
55
WARNING
Never travel with objects
on your lap, in front of
your chest or with a pipe, pencil,
etc. between your lips; injury may
result in the event of the air bag
being triggered.
WARNING
If the car has been stolen
or an attempt to steal it
has been made, if it has been subjected to vandals or floods, have
the Air bag system checked by Alfa
Romeo Authorized Services.
WARNING
Always keep your hands
on the steering wheel rim
when driving, so that if the Air bag
is triggered, it can inflate without
meeting any obstacles which could
cause serious harm to you. Do not
drive with the body bent forwards, keep the seat back rest in
the erect position and lean your
back well against it.
WARNING
Please remember that
with the ignition key at
MAR, the air bags can be triggered
also on a stationary vehicle, if it is
bumped by another moving vehicle. Therefore, even with the car
stationary, never allow children on
the front seat. On the other hand,
remember that with the car stationary and ignition key at STOP
no safety device (air bags or pretensioners) will be triggered in the
event of an impact; in this case the
failure to trigger safety devices
should not be considered as a system failure.
WARNING
Do not wash the seat
back rest with pressurised water or steam (by hand
or at automatic seat washing stations).
56
WARNING
When the ignition key is
turned to the MAR position, the warning light F (with
passenger’s front air bag deactivation switch in the ON position)
turns on and flashes for few seconds to remind that passenger’s
air bag will be deployed in a crash,
after which it should go off.
WARNING
Please don’t apply stickers
or other objects to the
steering wheel, to the air-bag cover
on the passenger's side or on the
side roof lining to the upholstery on
the roof side. Don’t place objects on
the dashboard passenger’s side
(such as mobile phones) because
they could tamper with the correct
opening of the passenger’s air-bag
and than cause serious injuries to
the vehicle occupants.
WARNING
The front air bag is triggered for shocks greater
in magnitude than the pretensioners. For impacts between these
two thresholds, it is therefore normal that only the pretensioners are
triggered.
LIGHTS SWITCH AND
STEERING WHEEL
LEVERS
The device and services controlled by
the levers on the steering wheel can only
be activated when the ignition key is in
the MAR position (except the parking
lights which can always be switched on).
LIGHTS SWITCH (fig. 66)
Lights switched off
When the pointer on the knurled ring
(A) is opposite the symbol O, the external lights are switched off.
WARNING
The air bag does not substitute the seat belts, but
only increases their effectiveness.
Moreover, since the front air bags
do not come into operation in the
event of front impact at low
speed, side collisions, bumps from
behind or overturning, in these circumstances the occupants would
only be protected by the seat belts
which must therefore always be
fastened.
A0D0146m
WARNING
Do not hook rigid objects
to the coat hooks and to
the support handles.
fig. 66
57
Sidelights
LEFT LEVER (fig. 67)
Main-beam headlights (fig. 68)
The sidelights are switched on by turning the knurled ring (A) from O to 6.
The left lever operates the high beam
lights and the direction indicators.
When the knurled ring in the 2 position the headlights can be changed form
dipped-beam to main-beam by pushing
the lever towards the dashboard (stable
position).
The 3 warning light on the instrument panel will come on at the same
time.
The 1 warning light will come on the
instrument panel.
Dipped-beam headlights
These are switched on by turning the
knurled ring (A) from 6 to 2.
To return from main-beam to dippedbeam, once again pull the lever towards
the steering wheel and then release.
A0D0014m
Parking lights
When the pointer of the switch (A) corresponds with the F symbol, the side
lights stay on regardless of the position of
the ignition key.
A0D0017m
If moving the left-hand lever (fig. 67)
downward, only the left-hand side parking lights switch on, while moving the
lever upward, only the right-hand side
parking lights switch on.
fig. 67
58
fig. 68
Flashing (fig. 69)
Direction indicators (fig. 70)
The warning light 1 on the instrument
panel will come on at the same time.
Moving the lever to the stable position:
Up (A) - engages the right-hand direction indicators.
Down (B) - engages the left-hand direction indicators.
The lever returns to its home position
automatically and the indicators are
switched off when the steering wheel is
straightened.
A0D0016m
The headlights are flashed by pulling the
lever towards the steering wheel (unstable position) regardless of the position of
the light switch.
One of the warning lights Î o ¥ will
light up on the instrument panel at the
same time.
IMPORTANT If you wish to signal a
rapid change of direction involving only a
minimum movement of the steering
wheel, the lever can be moved up or
down without it clicking (unstable position). When released the lever will return
to its home position.
A0D0018m
IMPORTANT Only the main beam
lights are flashed. To avoid penalties, follow local regulations.
fig. 69
fig. 70
59
“Follow me home” device
(fig. 71)
This function allows the illumination of the
space in front of the car for the length of
time set, and is activated with the ignition
key at STOP or removed, pulling the lefthand lever towards the steering wheel.
This function is activated pulling the lever
within 2 minutes from when the engine is
turned off. At each single movement of the
lever, the staying on of the dipped beams
and sidelights is extended by 30 seconds up
to a maximum of 3.5 minutes; the lights
switch off automatically after the time set.
Each time the lever is operated, the 1
warning light on the cluster turns on.
RIGHT-HAND LEVER (fig. 72)
The right-hand lever is used to operate
the windscreen wiper and the windscreen
washer.
The control used to activate the windscreen washer also activates the headlight washers (optional for versions/markets where applicable).
A0D0018m
A0D0015m
This function can be interrupted by keeping the lever pulled towards the steering
wheel for more than 2 seconds.
fig. 71
60
fig. 72
Windscreen wiper (fig. 72-73)
The lever can be moved to five different
positions corresponding to:
A - Stationary (off)
B - Intermittent.
With the lever in position B, turning the
ring (1-fig. 73) four possible intermittent speeds are obtained (except versions
with rain sensor):
■
= intermittent slow
■■
= intermittent medium
■■■ = intermittent medium-fast
■■■■ = intermittent fast.
C - Continuous, slow
D - Continuous, fast
E - Fast, temporary (unstable position).
Rain sensor (fig. 72-73)
(optional for versions/markets where
applicable)
The rain sensor is an electronic device
coupled with the windscreen wiper and its
purpose is to automatically adapt the frequency of the wiper strokes according to
the intensity of the rain during intermittent operation.
All the other functions controlled by the
right-hand lever (switching the wiper off,
slow and fast continuous operation, fast
temporary operation, windscreen washer
and headlight washer) remain unchanged.
The rain sensor is activated automatically moving the right-hand lever to position
(B) and its field of adjustment changes
gradually.
A0D0019m
Operation in position E is limited to the
time the lever is held in this position.
When the lever is released, it returns to
position A automatically stopping the
wiper.
Operating the windscreen washer with
the rain sensor activated (lever in position
B) the normal washing cycle is carried
out at the end of which the rain sensor
resumes normal operation automatically.
Moving the key to the STOP position
the rain sensor is deactivated and the
next time the car is started (key in MAR
position) it is not reactivated even if the
lever is still in position (B). In this case to
activate the rain sensor, simply move the
lever to position (A) or (C) and then
back to position (B).
When the rain sensor is reactivated in
this way, the wiper performs at least one
stroke, even if the windscreen is dry, to
signal that the sensor has been reactivated.
The rain sensor is fastened to the windscreen inside the area cleaned by the
wiper and it controls an electronic control
unit, which in turn controls the windscreen wiper motor.
fig. 73
61
At each start the rain sensor automatically (in about 2 minutes) stabilises at a
temperature of about 40°C to eliminate
any condensation from the control surface
and prevent the formation of ice.
The rain sensor is capable of detecting
and adapting automatically to the presence of the following particular conditions
which call for different sensitivity:
Windscreen washer (fig. 74)
The windscreen washer is operated by
pulling the lever towards the steering
wheel.
Keeping the lever pulled the windscreen
wiper is turned on continuously. When
the lever is released the wiper continues
for a few strokes and then stops or continues at the speed set.
Headlight washer (fig. 75)
(optional for versions/markets where
applicable)
These are operated when the low beam
headlights are on and the windscreen
washer is switched on.
– impurities on the control surface
(saline deposits, dirt, etc.)
– streaks of water caused by partial
wear of the windscreen wiper
A0D0020m
A0D0021m
– difference between day and night
(the human eye is more disturbed during
the night by a wet windscreen surface.
fig. 74
62
fig. 75
STR SYSTEM
(SPORT THROTTLE
RESPONSE)
(optional for versions/markets where
applicable)
The STR system offers the driver the
possibility of brilliant, sporty driving without forsaking relaxing driving in other circumstances with smoother, more gradual
engine response.
To restore the most comfortable response press the button again (A) and
completely release the accelerator: the
warning light (B) on the switch goes out.
Automatic engagement
The system allows passing from the standard map to the sporty one with a
quick press on the accelerator. This function is useful in all situations, such as for
example overtaking or emergency manoeuvres, where maximum acceleration
is needed.
When the need for maximum power
ceases, the system automatically resumes
the standard map.
Whenever the engine is switched on,
the control unit positions on the most
comfortable response. If before switching
off the sporty response was stored, it will
automatically be retrieved releasing the
accelerator pedal after the first acceleration.
A0D0022m
In fact, according to preference, the driver can choose between sporty fast acceleration control and smoother more gradual control, for example in city driving.
To engage the sporty response (also
when travelling), press the switch (Afig. 76) on the centre console. To prevent this function from being engaged unintentionally, the system requires the accelerator pedal to be completely released
for engagement. When the sporty response is enabled warning light (B) on
the switch lights up.
fig. 76
63
(fig. 77) (optional for versions/markets
where applicable)
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The electronic cruise control makes it
possible to drive the car at the required
speed without pressing the accelerator
pedal. This reduces driving fatigue on motorways, especially during long journeys
because the speed memorised is automatically maintained.
A0D0023m
IMPORTANT The Cruise Control can
only be engaged with speed over 30
km/h and, just for certain versions up to
180 km/h.
WARNING
The cruise control must
only be activated when
the traffic and the road make it
possible to travel safely at a constant speed for a sufficiently long
time.
The device is automatically disengaged
in any one of the following cases:
– pressing the brake pedal;
– pressing the clutch pedal;
– inadvertently moving the automatic
gearshift lever to N.
Switch (A) has two positions:
– OFF in this position the device is deactivated;
– ON is the device’s normal operating
position. When the device starts to act on
the engine, the corresponding warning
light on the instrument cluster turns on.
The knurled ring (B) serves to memorise and maintain the car speed or to increase or reduce the speed memorised.
Turn the knurled ring (B) to the (+) position to memorise the speed reached or
to increase the speed memorised.
Turn the knurled ring (B) to the (–) to
reduce the speed memorised.
WARNING
On vehicles with automatic transmission, never move the lever to N when the
car is on the move.
A0D0024m
CRUISE CONTROL
CONTROLS (fig. 78)
The cruise control is controlled by switch
(A), knurled ring (B) and by button (C).
fig. 77
64
fig. 78
Each time the knurled ring (B) is operated the speed increases or lowers by approx. 1 km/h. Keeping the ring turned
the speed changes continuously. The new
speed reached will be maintained automatically.
With button (C) it is possible to reset
the speed memorised.
gearshift lever to position N.
IMPORTANT Turning the ignition key
to the STOP position or switch (A) to
OFF, the memorised speed is cleared
and the system is disengaged.
To restore the speed memorised
To memorise the speed
Turn switch (A) to ON, wait for 2 seconds at least, then bring the car to the required speed as usual by pressing the accelerator pedal or by turning the ring nut
(B) to (+) or to (–) and then releasing
it.The car speed is memorised and it is
therefore possible to release the accelerator pedal.
The car will continue to travel at the required speed until one of the following
conditions takes place:
– pressing the brake pedal;
– pressing the clutch pedal;
– inadvertently moving the automatic
IMPORTANT In the case of need (for
example overtaking) it is possible to accelerate simply pressing the accelerator
pedal; afterwards, releasing the accelerator pedal, the car will resume the speed
memorised previously.
If the device has been disengaged, for
example by pressing the brake or clutch
pedal, the speed memorised can be restored as follows:
– gradually accelerate until reaching a
speed approaching the one memorised;
– engage the gear selected when the
speed was memorised (4th, 5th or 6th
gear);
– press button (C).
To increase the speed memorised
The speed memorised can be increased
in two ways:
or
– turning the knurled ring (B) momentaneously to the (+) position: each pulse
of the knurled ring will correspond to a
small increase of the speed (approx. 1
km/h) while pressing continuously will
correspond to a continuous increase of
the speed. Releasing the knurled ring (B)
the new speed will remain automatically
memorised.
To reduce the memorised speed
The memorised speed can be reduced in
two ways:
– disengaging the device (for example
pressing the brake pedal) and then memorising the new speed (turning the
knurled ring (B) to the (+) position for
at least three seconds);
or
– keeping the knurled ring (B) pressed
on the (–) position until reaching the
new speed which will be automatically
memorised.
– pressing the accelerator and then
memorising the new speed reached (turning the knurled ring (B) for more than
three seconds;
65
Resetting the speed memorised
The memorised speed is automatically
reset:
– turning off the engine;
or
– moving the switch (A) to the OFF
position.
WARNING
When travelling with the
cruise control engaged,
never move the gearshift lever to
neutral and do not move the automatic gearshift lever to N.
You are advised to engage the
cruise control only when the traffic and road conditions permit under completely safe conditions, i.e.:
straight, dry road, dual carriageway or motorway, flowing traffic
and smooth tarmac. Do not engage
the device in town or in heavy traffic conditions.
66
WARNING
The Cruise Control can
only be engaged with
speed over 30 km/h and, just for
certain versions up to 180 km/h.
The device must only be engaged
in 4th, 5th or 6th gear, depending on
the vehicle speed. On cars with
electronic automatic gearbox it
must be engaged only with the
lever at position D in the automatic
mode without then moving the
gearshift lever by hand or with 3nd
or 4th gear engaged inthe sequential manual mode.
Moving downhill with the device
engaged, the car speed might be
slightly higher than the speed
memorised due to the change in engine load.
WARNING
Should the device not be
working properly or fail
to operate, move the switch (A-fig.
78) to the OFF Position and contact
Authorized Alfa Romeo Services
after checking that the protection
fuse is intact.
The switch (A-fig. 78) may be left
constantly at ON without damaging the device. You are however
advised to deactivate the device
when not in use, moving the switch
(A) to OFF, to avoid accidentally
memorising the speed.
PARKING SENSORS
ACTIVATION
ACOUSTIC SIGNAL
(optional for versions/markets where
applicable)
The sensors are automatically activated
when the reverse gear is engaged.
When the reverse gear is engaged an intermittent acoustic signal is automatically
activated.
The parking system detects and informs
the driver (through an intermittent acoustic signal) about the presence of obstacles in the rear part of the car.
The sound produced by the acoustic alarm
becomes continuous when the distance between the car and the obstacle is less that
30 cm.
The acoustic signal:
– raises with the reduction of distance between the car and the obstacle;
– becomes continuous when the distance
between the car and the obstacle is less that
30 cm and stops if the distance raises.
– is constant if the distance is unvaried.
If this situation takes place for side sensors,
the signal is stopped after about 3 seconds
to prevent sound indications when performing manoeuvres near walls.
67
A0D0065m
INSTRUMENT PANEL
fig. 80 - 3.2 V6 24V version
68
A0D0067m
fig. 81 - JTD 20V Multijet version
69
IMPORTANT Depending on the trim
levels, the dial of the instruments may be
either light grey or black, with green or
red light.
B - Mileage recorder with double
meter display (total and trip)
The display shows:
– the mileage on the first line (6 figures)
A - Speedometer
IMPORTANT The rev counter may
have different clock values depending on
the different versions of the car.
– the trip meter (4 figures) on the second line.
C - Check panel (fig. 83)
This electronic device checks and indicates any inefficiencies that may adversely
affect running the car and driving safety.
The check panel mainly performs two
functions:
1) Warning lights check.
Reset the partial km. and hold the pushbutton pressed for approx. 1 second (Afig. 82).
fig. 82
70
A0D0120m
A0D0025m
IMPORTANT The trip meter reading
is not stored if the battery is disconnected.
fig. 83
Moving the ignition key to MAR the
following warning lights and displays turn
on and go out after approx. 6 seconds:
1 - Light failure
2 - Low brake fluid and/or handbrake
engaged
3 - Front brake pad wear
4 - Low engine oil level
5 - Fuel reserve
6 - Maximum engine coolant fluid temperature
Any faults are signalled by the turning
on of the corresponding warning light for
approx. 15 seconds after the end of the
check.
2) Doors and boot open warning.
With the ignition key at MAR, if a led
of the car symbol (10) lights up, the corresponding door or the boot has not been
shut properly.
To repeat the check, with the ignition
key in the MAR position and the engine
off, press the button (A-fig. 84).
7 - Mileage recorder display
D - Rev counter
The danger zone (red) indicates excessively high engine revs. Do not drive for
long periods with the pointer in this area.
With the engine at idle speed, the rev
counter may indicate a gradual or sudden
speed increase depending on the cases;
this is normal as it occurs in the normal
operation, for example when the climate
control compressor is engaged or the fan.
In particular a slow change in speed helps
preserve the battery charge.
A0D0026m
IMPORTANT Depending on the versions/markets of the car, the rev counter
may have danger sectors (red) of different size and with different top of scale
values.
IMPORTANT The electronic ignition
control system gradually shuts off the
flow of fuel when the engine is “overrevving” resulting in a gradual loss of engine power.
fig. 84
71
E - Fuel gauge and reserve
warning light
This shows the amount of fuel left in
the fuel tank.
0 Tank empty;
1 Tank full (see "Refuelling" paragraph
in this section).
This warning light comes on to indicate
that about 9 litres of fuel are left in the
tank.
IMPORTANT Under certain conditions (heavy slopes, for instance) the
reading on the gauge may differ from the
actual amount of fuel in the tank and
changes in level may be indicated late.
F - Engine coolant temperature
gauge and maximum temperature
warning light (fig. 85)
This shows the temperature of the engine coolant fluid and begins when the
fluid temperature exceeds about 50°C.
The pointer should normally be towards
the middle of the scale. If the pointer
reaches the higher temperature values
the request for vehicle performance
should be decreased.
The illumination of this warning light indicates an excessive temperature of the
engine cooling fluid. In this case, stop the
car and contact Alfa Romeo Authorized
Services.
A0D0121m
This is part of the operating logic of the
electronic control circuit to avoid highly
unstable readings due to swaying of the
fuel when travelling.
fig. 85
72
IMPORTANT The temperature of the
engine coolant may rise towards the maximum values by obstruction or dirt on the
outer part of the engine cooling radiator.
In this case you are advised to inspect
and remove any obstructions and have
the outside of the radiator washed as
soon as possible.
G - The warning lights
IMPORTANT The presence of the
warning lights may vary depending on
the type of engine and trim level.
brake fluid
x Insufficient
and/or handbrake on
This warning light stays on for about 15
seconds, after the end of the check,
when the level of the brake fluid falls below the minimum, possibly due to a leakage in the system and when the handbrake is engaged.
When the ignition key is turned to
MAR the warning light comes on but
must go out after approx. 6 seconds.
WARNING
If the warning light x
comes on while driving
check if the handbrake is not engaged. If the warning lights stays
on with the handbrake not engaged,
stop immediately and contact Alfa
Romeo Authorized Services.
¬ Air bag malfunction
When the ignition key is turned to the
MAR position the warning light will
come on and should go out as after
about. 4 seconds.
This warning light will come on permanently when an anomaly affecting the Air
bag system is detected.
WARNING
If the ¬ warning light
does not turn on when
turning the ignition key to MAR or
if it stays on when travelling, this
could indicate a failure in safety retaining systems; under this condition air bags or pretensioners could
not trigger in the event of collision
or, in a restricted number of cases,
they could trigger accidentally.
Stop the car and contact Alfa
Romeo Authorized Services to
have the system checked immediately.
73
v
Insufficient oil pressure
This warning light should be out when
the engine is running.
When the ignition key is turned to the
MAR position the warning light comes
on and should go out as soon as the engine is started.
If the warning light v
comes on when the vehicle is in movement,
switch the engine off immediately and contact Alfa Romeo Authorized Services.
k
Low engine oil level
Low battery charge
This warning light stays on for approx.
15 seconds, after the check, when the
engine oil level is low.
This warning light should be out when the
engine is running (a slight delay is permitted
when the engine is running at idle speed).
With the ignition key at MAR, pressing
the check button, the warning light turns
on but must go out after approx. 6 seconds.
If the warning light comes on, Alfa
Romeo Authorized services should be contacted immediately.
The oil level is checked only pressing
the check button with the engine
stopped. If the engine is started during
the check, the check procedure is interrupted.
If the k warning light
stays on after the
check, do not try to get
peak performance out of the engine and top up the oil as soon
as possible.
74
w
When the ignition key is moved to the
MAR position the warning light comes
on and should go out as soon as the engine is started.
<
Seat belts not fastened
When the ignition key is turned to
MAR the warning light turns on but it
must go out after approx. 15 seconds.
For versions/markets where applicable,
the warning light turns on permanently
when, with the key in the MAR position, the driver’s seat belt is not fastened
properly.
d
Brake pad wear
This warning light comes on when the
brake pedal is pressed and the front
brake pads are found to be worn, have
them replaced as soon as possible. When
the ignition key is turned to MAR the
warning light comes on but must go out
after approx. 6 seconds.
IMPORTANT As the vehicle is fitted
with brake pad wear sensors for the front
wheels only, when these are replaced
check the back brake pads at the same
time.
¢
Alfa Romeo CODE system
When the ignition key is turned to MAR
the warning light should come on and then
go out. If the warning lights stays on with
the key in the MAR position, it indicates
a possible failure: see “The Alfa Romeo
CODE system”.
IMPORTANT The turning on contemporaneously of warning lights ¢ and
indicates a failure of the Alfa Romeo
CODE system.
75
U
Engine control system
(EOBD) failure
(optional for versions/
markets where applicable)
2) Flashing light - indicates that the
catalytic converter could be damaged
(see paragraph on “EOBD System” in
this chapter).
Normally, when you turn the ignition
key to MAR, the warning light must
come on but must switch off when the
engine is running. It initially lights up to
indicate that the warning light is working.
If the warning light is on and flashing,
take your foot off the accelerator and drive at low speeds until the warning light
stops flashing; continue travelling at a
moderate speed trying to avoid driving
conditions that could cause the warning
light to flash again. Contact an Alfa
Romeo Authorized Service Station as
soon as possible.
If the warning light stays on permanently or comes on when the car is moving:
1) With a fixed light - indicates
that the supply/ ignition system is malfunctioning that could cause high exhaust
emissions, possible loss of performance,
bad driveability and high consumptions.
In these conditions, you way continue
to drive while avoiding asking a lot from
the engine or high speeds. The prolonged
use of the car when this warning light is
on could cause damage. Contact an Alfa
Romeo Authorized Service Station as
soon as possible. The warning light turns
off if the malfunction disappears, however the system stores the warning anyhow.
76
Engine control system
(versions for markets where
U applicable)
1) In normal conditions, turning the ignition key to MAR, the dial warning
light turns on but it should go off when
the engine has started. The initial turning
on indicates that the warning light is
working properly.
2) If the warning light stays on or turns
on when travelling, it indicates a fault in
the supply /ignition system which could
cause high exhaust emissions, possible
lack of performance, poor handling and
high consumption levels.
In these conditions, it is possible to continue driving without however demanding
heavy effort or high speeds.
If, when turning the ignition key to MAR, the
U warning light does
not switch on or if, when driving, the light flashes or emits a
fixed light, contact an Alfa
Romeo Authorized Service Station as soon as possible.
Prolonged use of the car with the warning light on may cause damage. Contact
an Alfa Romeo Authorized Service as
soon as possible.
The warning light turns off if the fault
disappears, but it is still stored by the system.
m
Glowplugs
(JTD 20V Multijet versions)
The war ning light comes on
when the ignition key is turned to MAR
position. When the glowplugs have
reached the established temperature the
warning light will go out. Start the engine as soon as the warning light has
gone out.
For versions/markets where applicable, the warning light flashes for approx.
30 seconds after starting the engine
meaning that there is a fault to the glow
plug warning system, in which case,
contact Alfa Romeo Authorized Services.
With a high ambient temperature the
warning light may turn on imperceptibly.
c
Presence of water
in the fuel oil filter
(JTD 20V Multijet versions)
When the ignition key is turned to the
MAR position the warning light should
come on and must go out after approx. 4
seconds.
The warning light switches on fixed
when driving, to indicate the presence of
water in the fuel oil filter.
In case the indicator light switches on,
even if just for a few seconds, we recommend to contact an Alfa Romeo Authorised Service as soon as possible in order
to purge the water from the fuel oil filter
and avoid severe damages to the injection pump and to the fuel oil supply circuit as well as the engine irregular operation.
>
Faulty ABS anti
wheel-locking
This warning light comes on when the
system is inefficient. In this case normal
braking is ensured without though, making use of the ABS system. Alfa Romeo
Authorized Services should however be
contacted as soon as possible.
When the ignition key is turned to
MAR the warning light comes on but
must go out after approx. 4 seconds.
WARNING
The car is fitted with an
electronic braking device
(EDB). If the > and x warning
lights turn on at the same time, this
means that there is an EBD system
fault; in this case violent braking
may be accompanied by early rear
wheel locking, with the possibility
of skidding. Drive the car extremely carefully to the nearest
Authorized Alfa Romeo workshop
to have the system checked.
77
WARNING
The turning on of only
the > warning light with
the engine running normally indicates a fault to the ABS system
only. In this case the braking system is still efficient, though without the aid of the anti-lock device.
Under these conditions performance of the EBD system may be
reduced. in this case too, you are
advised to go immediately to the
nearest Authorized Alfa Romeo
workshop, driving in such a way
as to avoid sharp braking, to have
the system checked over.
R
LLeft-hand direction
indicator (intermittent)
This warning light comes on when the
control lever is moved downwards or, together with the right-hand warning light,
when the hazard warning lights are
switched on.
E
Right-hand direction
indicator (intermittent)
This warning light comes on when the
control lever is moved upwards or, together with the left-hand warning light, when
the hazard warning lights are switched
on.
3 Sidelights
This warning light comes on when the
sidelights are switched on.
78
Lights failure
The warning light stays on for about
15 seconds, after the check, when a failure is detected on one of the following
lights:
– low beam headlights
– high beam headlights
– flashing (only gas discharge headlights)
– side/taillights
– direction indicators
– brake lights (stop lights)
– third stop light
– rear fog guards
– number plate lights.
The warning of a fault may mean one
or more blown bulb, a burnt fuse or cut
off connection.
Turning the key to MAR the warning
light turns on, but it should go out after
about 5 seconds.
1 Main-beam headlights
This warning light comes on when the
main-beam is switched on.
Cruise Control
(on request for versions/
markets where applicable)
The warning light turns on, with the
control switch in the ON position, when
the device starts to act on the engine.
System (Vehicle
á VDC
Dynamics Control)
(on request for versions/
markets where applicable)
Turning the ignition key to MAR, the
warning light on the instrument cluster
lights up and must go out after about 4
seconds.
If the warning light does not go out or stays on when travelling, contact Authorised Alfa Romeo Services. Although the
absence of the VDC function does not affect the car safety, it is however recommended to drive at moderate speed.
Flashing of the warning light when travelling means that the VDC system has cut in.
Passenger’s Air bag
deactivated
This warning light turns on when the
passenger’s Air bag is deactivated.
WARNING
Warning light F indicates also warning light
¬ failure. This is indicated by intermittent flashing, over 4 seconds, of warning light F. In this
event, warning light ¬ could be
not up to indicate restraint system
failures, if any. Stop the car and
contact Authorized Alfa Romeo
Services have the system checked.
79
A0D0027m
CLIMATE CONTROL
fig. 88
80
– manual climate control, by selecting
the functions using the control panel buttons;
– automatic climate control, managed
by the system electronic control unit.
The air is admitted to the passenger
compartment through a series of outlets/vents located on the dashboard, on
the front door panels, centre console and
floor as illustrated (fig. 88):
1 Centre vents for demisting/defrosting
the windscreen
ADJUSTING THE CENTRE
UPPER VENT (fig. 89)
The upper vent is fitted with an opening/closing control (A)
O = Completely open
● = completely closed.
2 Upper adjustable centre vent
3 Central movable and adjustable outlets
4 Movable and adjustable side outlets
5 Vents for demisting/defrosting the
side windows
6 Front seat floor vents
7 Rear seat floor vents
8 Rear seat adjustable and movable
outlets.
368PGSm
The passenger compartment climate
control (heating, cooling and ventilation)
can be used in the following ways:
fig. 89
81
ADJUSTABLE AND MOVABLE
OUTLETS (fig. 90-91-92)
Fig. 91: front seats (at the ends of the
dashboard)
To open the round air vents, press on
the fins (A) in point (B).
Fig. 92: rear seats (on the centre console).
SIDE VENTS (fig. 93)
The front door panels contain fixed side
vents (A) for defrosting or demisting the
side windows.
The air flow is directed by turning the
outlets using the fins or changing their
slope.
421PGSm
Fig. 90: front seats (in the middle of
the dashboard)
fig. 90
82
fig. 92
422PGSm
338PGSm
A0D0028m
fig. 91
fig. 93
CLIMATE CONTROL UNIT
A0D0029m
The climate control system uses “R134a”
coolant fluid which
meets current regulations on the
subject and which does not harm
the environment in the event of
leakage. Absolutely avoid the
use of other fluids which are incompatible with the system components.
fig. 94
83
EQUIVALENT TEMPERATURE
The system makes it possible to control
the passenger compartment climate maintaining the “equivalent temperature” level required by the driver. This “equivalent
temperature” is an estimator of the ideal
temperature (obtained through the development of a complex mathematical algorithm) needed to obtain the best temperature and well-being in the passenger
compartment.
DESCRIPTION OF CONTROLS
(fig. 94)
A - Climate control dedicated screen selector button.
B - Rocker button for adjusting the “equivalent temperature”.
C - Rocker button for fan speed adjustment.
D - Automatic system operation selector
button.
To bring about this operating condition,
select:
E - Climate control compressor off/on
button.
– the “equivalent temperature” required pressing the button (B-fig. 94);
F - Climate control system off/on button.
– the AUTO position pressing the button (D).
G - Rocker button for selecting air distribution.
IMPORTANT The compressor can be
engaged automatically or manually. To
switch from one operating mode to the
other see the “Compressor on/off button” paragraph in this chapter.
H - Air recirculation on/off button.
I - On/off button for maximum defrosting/demisting windscreen and front side
windows, rearscreen heating, door mirror
resistances and resistances at windscreen
base (where applicable).
J - On/off button for rearscreen heating
and mirror defrosting and resistances in
windscreen wiper blade parking are at the
base of the windscreen (where applicable).
84
Adjustment button for
required equivalent
temperature
Pressing this rocker button up or down
respectively raises or lowers the equivalent temperature required in the passenger compartment.
Pressing the button upwards or downwards to the extreme HIGH or LOW
positions, the functions with the highest
heating or cooling power are engaged.
Compressor off/on
Fan speed adjustment button
Pressing this rocker button up or down
respectively increases or lowers the fan
speed (thus the amount of air admitted
to the passenger compartment), while
maintaining the objective of the equivalent temperature required.
Automatic operation
button
Pressing the AUTO button the system
automatically adjusts the amount and distribution of air admitted to the passenger
compartment.
Climate control off/on
button
button
Pressing the ECON button turns the climate control compressor on/off.
Pressing the OFF button turns the climate control on/off (including ventilation
only.
IMPORTANT With the compressor off
it is not possible to admit air to the passenger compartment at a temperature below the outside temperature, in particular
environment conditions, the windows
may quickly steam.
IMPORTANT With the climate control
off and in particular environment conditions, the windows may steam quickly.
Passenger compartment
air distribution button
Pressing the MODE rocker button towards the left or right manually selects
air distribution in the passenger compartment, while maintaining the objective of
the equivalent temperature required.
85
Air recirculation on/off
button
Pressing this button engages/disengages recirculation of the air admitted to
the passenger compartment.
IMPORTANT Depending on how the
system is working (heating or cooling the
passenger compartment) the recirculation
function makes it possible to reach the required conditions faster. It is however inadvisable to use this function on
rainy/cold days as it would considerably
increase the possibility of misting the windows, especially if the conditioner is off.
It is advisable to use this function when
the vehicle is stationary in a queue or tunnel to prevent polluted air from entering
the passenger compartment. Prolonged
use of this function should however be
avoided, especially if there are several
persons aboard.
86
Windscreen and front side
windows demisting/
defrosting button
Pressing this button the climate control
automatically activates the necessary
functions (quantity, distribution, temperature of the air admitted to the passenger
compartment) to quicken demisting/defrosting of the windscreen and front side
windows. Rearscreen heating, door mirror
heating and the resistances at the base of
the windscreen (in the wiper blade parking area) are also automatically engaged
(for a determinate length of time) where
applicable.
Rearscreen demisting/
defrosting on/off button
Pressing this button engages demisting/defrosting of the rearscreen, door
mirrors and (optional for versions/markets where applicable) the resistances at
the base of the windscreen (in the wiper
blade parking area).
IMPORTANT Do not stick stickers on
the inside of the rearscreen over the heating filaments to prevent damage that
might adversely affect the system.
DESCRIPTION OF OPERATING
STRATEGIES
Operating the
button, the
climate control system sets to automatically control the following functions:
– temperature of the air at the vents
and outlets
– fan speed (constantly changing)
– air distribution
– air recirculation
– compressor engagement.
It is still however possible to intervene
manually on the following functions:
– fan speed
– air distribution
– air recirculation
– compressor engagement.
The functions activated manually have
priority over the automatic ones and they
remain memorised until automatic control
is re-activated.
With one or more functions engaged
manually, adjustment of the temperature
admitted to the passenger compartment
still continues to be controlled automatically by the system except with the compressor off: in fact, in this condition the
air admitted to the passenger compartment cannot be below the outside temperature.
Pressing the
button for engaging/disengaging automatic operation,
the system may be in one of the following conditions:
– FULL AUTO with automatic control
of the fan speed and air distribution;
– AUTO with automatic control only of
the fan speed or of air distribution according to the driver’s preference;
– MAN with manual operation where
the driver controls the fan speed and air
distribution directly.
87
Pressing the
button turns
the compressor on/off. With the compressor off, the air admitted to the passenger compartment can not be cooled or
dehumidified and recirculation is switched
off automatically to avoid misting the
windows: when wanting to activate recirculation in the condition, press the corresponding
button.
Pressing the
button selects
the possible air distributions to the passenger compartment:
Pressing the
button again
with the compressor off, will restore the
operating conditions of before the compressor was turned off.
Flow of air to the lower part of the
passenger compartment and secondary
flow of air towards the windscreen and
front side windows
Pressing the
button turns
off/back on the climate control, in the
former case air is no longer admitted to
the passenger compartment which is thus
isolated from outside, in the latter, the
previous operating mode is restored.
Distribution of the flow between
the upper centre, centre, side and rear
outlets and the lower part of the passenger compartment
88
Flow of air towards the windscreen
and front side windows
Distribution of the flow between
the windscreen /front side windows and
lower part of the passenger compartment
Flow of air towards the centre upper vent, centre and side dashboard outlets and rear outlets.
If the system was in the FULL AUTO
mode, pressing the
button
passes to the simple automatism condition: i.e. the system chooses the fan
speed and mixing to obtain the equivalent temperature required, but will not
change the distribution selected manually.
Pressing the recirculation button
, the system automatically reactivates the compressor if it was deactivated manually; to maintain recirculation
with the compressor of, it is necessary to
press the
button to deactivate the compressor.
IMPORTANT In this condition (recirculation on and compressor off), remember that the windows may steam up very
quickly.
Pressing the
button the climate
control automatically activates the functions required to quicken demisting/defrosting of the windscreen and side windows. Rearscreen heating and door mirror
heating are also automatically engaged
(for a determinate length of time).
Pressing the
button engages
rearscreen heating and door mirror heating for a determinate length of time.
Manually setting one of the climate control functions, the others continue to be
controlled automatically; in particular the
air temperature is always controlled automatically to reach the required “equivalent temperature” in the passenger compartment.
IMPORTANT When the engine is
turned off the system memorises the climate control operating condition, which
will be automatically resumed when the
engine is started again.
IMPORTANT When working in the
FULL AUTO condition, the system can
automatically engage recirculation or deactivate the compressor to cool/heat the
passenger compartment faster or
demist/defrost the windscreen and side
windows.
89
ACTIVATED CARBON
DUST/POLLEN AIR FILTER
The filter has the specific capability to
combine the mechanical air filtering function with an electrostatic effect so that
the outside air admitted to the passenger
compartment is purified and free of particles such as dust, pollen etc.
In addition to the above-mentioned
function there is also an effective reduction of the concentration of pollutants
owing to a layer of activated carbons on
the lower surface of the filter.
The filtering action takes place when air
is admitted from outside (recirculation
off) and when the air is recirculated (recirculation on).
90
The dust/pollen filter should be checked
over at least once a year by Alfa Romeo
Authorized Services, preferably at the beginning of summer.
If the vehicle is habitually driven in polluted areas or on dusty roads the system
should be checked and if necessary
changed more often.
If the filter is not replaced the efficiency of
the climate control system may be seriously compromised.
ADDITIONAL HEATER
(Optional, for diesel versions, where
applicable)
The additional heater makes it possible
to integrate heating of the engine coolant
fluid, immediately after starting the engine and when travelling, to more quickly
reach and maintain the optimum operating temperature of the engine and passenger compartment heater.
The system comprises:
– a fuel oil burner for heating the water
and a combustion gas exhaust silencer.
– A batching pump connected to the car
reservoir pipes to supply the burner.
– An electronic control unit for controlling burner adjustment.
– An outside temperature sensor.
IMPORTANT The heater is fitted with
a thermal limiting device which cuts off
combustion in the event of overheating
due to lack/leaks of coolant fluid.
The heater is also protected by the automatic fuel cut-off switch, which shuts off
the fuel in the event of a crash of a certain size: to see how this works see the
“automatic fuel cut-off switch” paragraph.
The device works completely automatically and it is activated only when the engine is running with an outside temperature of +5°C or less and a coolant fluid
temperature below 60°C.
When the coolant fluid reaches 61°C,
the electronic control unit reduces the
power of the burner and stops the heater
when a temperature of 72°C is reached,
reactivating it automatically when the fluid temperature falls below 60°C. Conversely, if after reducing the power of the
burner, the fluid temperature begins to
fall, the control unit cuts in to restore full
power.
91
IMPORTANT When the heater is
working with the vehicle stationery and
the engine running, standing outside the
car near the rear wheel arch a low noise
caused by normal operation of the heater
can be heard.
WARNING
The burner exhaust gas
is released in the centre
floor area: therefore never park
the car with the engine running
over inflammable surfaces, fire
hazard!
92
The temperature near
the heater should never
exceed 120°C (e.g. during body painting operations in
the workshop oven). Higher temperature could damage the electronic control unit components.
For maintenance and repairs contact only Authorized Alfa Romeo
Services and only use original
spare parts.
MAINTENANCE
Have the additional heater checked at
regular intervals by Authorized Alfa
Romeo Services. This will ensure safe,
cost-effective working of the heater and
also long life.
CONTROLS
HAZARD WARNING LIGHTS
(fig. 96)
OPENING THE LUGGAGE
COMPARTMENT (fig. 95)
These are switched on by pressing button (A) regardless of the position of the
ignition key.
IMPORTANT Use the hazard lights in
compliance with local regulations.
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IMPORTANT The corresponding
warning light on the check panel lights up
if the luggage compartment is not shut
properly.
fig. 95
When the foglights are on the led next
to the button lights up.
Press the button again to switch the
front foglights off.
IMPORTANT The front foglights
should be used in compliance with the local traffic laws. The front foglights system
meets EEC/ECE regulations.
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Because of its position, the control cannot be operated when the glovebox is
key-locked.
When the hazard warning lights are
switched on the switch itself begins to
flash together with the direction indicator
on the instrument panel. This function is
switched off by pressing the button again.
These come on when the button (A) is
pressed and when the external lights are
already on.
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To open the luggage compartment from
inside the car press the button (A) (with
the car stationary) inside the glovebox.
FRONT FOGLIGHTS (fig. 97)
fig. 96
fig. 97
93
REAR FOG GUARDS (fig. 98)
These are turned on, with the dipped
beam headlights or fog lights on, by
pressing button (B).
When the rear fog guards are on the led
next to the button lights up.
DASHBOARD LIGHTING
ADJUSTMENT (fig. 99)
OPENING THE FUEL FLAP
(fig. 100)
When the outside lights are on, the
dashboard lighting is adjusted pressing
button (A).
The fuel flap is released from inside the
car pressing the button (A) with the engine off.
Turning the ignition key to STOP the
fog guards are automatically turned off
and they do not come on the next time
the engine is started unless button (B) is
pressed. Press button (B) to turn them
off.
fig. 98
94
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IMPORTANT Always use the rear fog
guards in accordance with local regulations. The fog guard system complies
with EEC/ECE standards
fig. 99
fig. 100
To release the hand brake:
GEARSHIFT LEVER (fig. 101)
HAND BRAKE (fig. 102)
When changing gear always fully depress the clutch pedal. Before engaging
reverse gear (R) wait for the car to be
stationary.
The hand brake is located between the
two front seats.
– Slightly lift the lever (A) and press
the button (B).
To operate the brake when the vehicle
is stationary pull the lever upwards until
the required braking action is obtained.
– holding the button down lower the
lever: the x warning light on the instrument panel will go out.
When the ignition key is in the MAR
position the x warning light will come
on on the instrument panel.
To prevent the car from moving accidentally, keep the brake pedal pressed when
engaging the handbrake.
The wheels should be
locked after a few clicks
of the hand brake lever.
if this does not occur contact Alfa
Romeo Authorized services to
have the hand brake adjusted.
fig. 101
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To engage reverse gear (R) it is necessary to wait for the car to be stationary,
then raise the ring under the grip (A)
(with the fingers of the same hand holding the lever). After engaging reverse
gear, release the ring. It is not necessary
to raise the ring on the lever when shifting from reverse to another gear.
fig. 102
95
The compartment is lit by a courtesy
light (B) when it is open with the ignition
key at MAR.
INTERNAL FITTINGS
GLOVE BOX (fig. 108-109)
On the dashboard there is a key-lockable glovebox with light. The lock can be
opened/closed using the ignition key.
fig. 108
96
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To open the glovebox pull lever (A).
fig. 109
WARNING
Do not travel with the
glovebox open; it could
harm the passenger in the event of
an accident.
ODDMENTS COMPARTMENTS
ON THE DASHBOARD
Left side compartment (fig. 112)
On the lower side of the dashboard, at
the left of the steering wheel, there is an
oddments compartment (A).
Upper compartment
(fig. 110-111)
This is fitted with a lid. To open, press
and release the button (A). To close the
lid, simply lower it.
COMPARTMENTS AND
POCKETS ON THE DOORS
(fig. 113-114)
Each door is fitted with a pocket.
fig. 113 - Front doors
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fig. 114 - Rear doors.
fig. 111
fig. 112
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fig. 113
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fig. 110
fig. 114
97
COIN/CARD/
OBJECT HOLDERS (fig. 115)
REAR ODDMENTS
COMPARTMENT (fig. 116-117)
The coin holder (A) is located on the
central console.
This is on the parcel shelf and it has a
lid.
The card holder (B) may contain a card
in the vertical position.
To open the lid raise it pulling the handle (A).
Press knob (A) in to use the cigar
lighter, with ignition key at ACC or
MAR; after some seconds the knob will
return automatically to its initial position
and the cigar lighter is ready to use.
Remove the tray to empty and clean the
ashtray.
To close, simply lower it.
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The object holder (C) is located next to
the hand brake.
CIGAR LIGHTER (fig. 118)
fig. 115
98
fig. 117
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fig. 116
fig. 118
WARNING
The cigar lighter gets extremely hot. Handle with
care and prevent its use by children:
danger of fire and/or burning.
FRONT ASHTRAY (fig. 119)
REAR ASHTRAYS (fig. 120)
To open the protective lid (A) press in
the point shown by the arrow.
To empty the ashtray, pull out the tray,
pressing towards the left on the open lid:
the tray is released and it moves up automatically. Re-insert the tray in the special
guides and pressing gently.
There is an ashtray on each rear door.
To empty remove the ashtray pressing
the tab (A). When refitting, firstly insert
the lower part, press the tab, then push
the upper part into place.
The ashtray is lit when the key is at
MAR.
WARNING
Do not use the ashtray as
paper bin: it might set on
fire in contact with cigarette stubs.
fig. 119
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Always ensure that the
cigar lighter has turned
off.
fig. 120
99
Two grab handles are located at front
doors.
These can be adjusted at the front and
side.
The roof light comprises two lights with
the corresponding control switch.
Two grab handles (A) are located
above the rear doors fitted with a coat
hook (B).
The rear side of each sun visor (A) is
fitted with a small mirror with sliding cover.
With the switches (A) and (B) in the
central position (1), both lights gradually
turn on until reaching their maximum intensity when a door is opened. The light
go off gradually after about 8 seconds
from where the last door is closed.
fig. 121
100
fig. 122
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FRONT ROOF LIGHT (fig. 123)
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SUN VISORS (fig. 122)
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GRAB HANDLES (fig. 121)
fig. 123
If a door is left open, the lights gradually go out after about 3 minutes. To turn
them on again, open another door or shut
and re-open the same one. The lights go
out when the ignition key is turned to
MAR (with the doors closed) or engaging central door locking.
Moving switches (A) and (B) to the
left (position 0), the lights stay off (OFF
position).
Moving switch (A) and (B) to the right
(position 2), the lights stay on.
COURTESY LIGHTS (fig. 124)
REAR ROOF LIGHTS (fig. 125)
Lowering the passenger’s sun visor the
courtesy light on the roof panel can be
seen.
In correspondence with each rear door
there is a light which turns on automatically when a door is opened.
This light makes it possible to use the
courtesy mirror under conditions with dim
light.
They are timed and work in the same
way as described for the front roof light.
Switch the light on and off, with the
start key in MAR position, using switch
(A).
They can be turned on and off by hand
pressing the switch (A).
With switches (A) and (B) the lights
are turned on individually.
fig. 124
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IMPORTANT Before leaving the car,
make sure that both switches are in the
central position.
fig. 125
101
DOOR LIGHTS (fig. 126-127)
TELEPHONE PROVISION
In the lower part of each door there is a
sill light.
On request for versions/markets where
applicable, the car may be fitted with a
provision for the installation of a cellular
telephone.
(A) - Front doors
(B) - Rear doors
This provision comprises:
Operation of these lights is coupled with
the front roof lamp.
– aerial on the roof;
fig. 126
102
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– speaker on the passenger door together with the woofer speaker,
– aerial/speaker and car electrical supply cables.
fig. 127
For the installation of
the cellular phone and
connection to the provision in the car, contact only Authorized Alfa Romeo Services;
this will guarantee first-rate results with no possibility of any
inconvenience that may compromise the safety of the vehicle.
When the sunroof is opened a small
spoiler (B-fig. 129) rises which diverts
the flow of air.
(optional for versions/markets where
applicable)
SLIDING
FORWARDS/BACKWARDS
(fig. 128-129-130)
The sunroof can only be operated when
the ignition key is in the MAR position.
Press part (1) of the button (Afig. 128) to open the roof; press part
(2) of the button to close it.
When the button is released the sunroof
will stop in that position.
WARNING
Improper use of the sunroof can be dangerous.
Before and while operating it always make sure that the passengers are not exposed to the risk of
harm caused either directly by the
sunroof in motion or by personal
items drawn or knocked by it.
WARNING
When leaving the vehicle
the ignition key should be
removed to avoid accidents involving the sunroof which could be
inadvertently operated by any passengers remaining in the vehicle.
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Routinely check that the
side water drain holes
(C-fig. 130) are clear.
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SUNROOF
Do not open the sunroof
when snow or ice are
on the roof as this may
damage it.
fig. 128
fig. 129
103
SLIDING WING
REAR LIFTING
The sunroof is equipped with manual-operated sliding wing preventing direct sun rays.
To open the wing pull handle (A-fig.
131).
This can only be achieved when the sunroof is completely closed. Press the front end
(2) of the control button (A-fig. 128).
Press end (1) of the button (Afig. 128) to return the sunroof to the
horizontal position (roof closed).
If the electrical control device does not
work the sunroof can be opened manually as follows:
– Apply leverage to the points indicated
by the arrows and remove the plate with
switch (A-fig. 132).
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When opening the sunroof, the wing is automatically pushed inside the roof panel.
When closing the sunroof, the wing comes
out partially in order to have access to the
handle for manual closing.
EMERGENCY OPERATION
(fig. 132-133-134)
fig. 130
104
fig. 131
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fig. 132
fig. 133
The boot lid can be opened from outside
the vehicle and from inside the vehicle.
IMPORTANT If the boot is not properly shut, the corresponding warning light
on the check panel will come on.
OPENING FROM OUTSIDE
(fig. 135)
Turn the badge (A) in the direction
shown by the arrow, insert the key (B)
and turn it anticlockwise.
Opening is facilitated by a servocontrol
which operates the lock.
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IMPORTANT When the operation has
been ended the key should be turned half
a turn in the opposite direction until a
click is heard before it is removed.
LUGGAGE
COMPARTMENT
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– Using the special key (B-fig. 133)
provided in the tool bag rotate bushing
(C-fig. 133) of the motor to move the
sunroof.
fig. 134
fig. 135
105
REMOTE CONTROL OPENING
(fig. 137)
(optional for the versions/markets where
applicable)
To open from inside:
– With the vehicle stationary, press button (A) inside the glovebox.
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Due to its position, this control cannot
be operated when the glovebox is keylocked.
The luggage compartment may be remote opened by pressing the push-button
(A-fig. 137) on the key with metallic
insert (B), even when the electronic
alarm is ON (where installed).
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OPENING FROM INSIDE
(fig. 136)
fig. 136
106
fig. 137
In this case the alarm disengages the
boot control sensor, the system (with the
exception of versions for certain markets)
sounds two beeps and the direction indicators light up for about three seconds.
When the boot is closed again the control function is restored, the system (with
the exception of versions for certain markets) sounds two beeps and the direction
indicators light up for about three seconds.
Lifting the boot lid is made easier by the
action of the gas springs (B-fig. 138).
When the boot is opened the light (Cfig. 138) will come on. This light will
go out again when the boot is closed.
In order to close, lower the bonnet by
the handle (A-fig. 139) on the lining
and press next to the lock till it clicks into
the right position.
The gas springs are calibrated to guarantee
correct operation with
loading specified by the manufacturer. Arbitrary additions to the
boot lid (spoiler etc.) may affect
its operation and safety.
Leaving the boot open, the light goes out
automatically after a few minutes. To turn it
on again, open the boot and close it again.
fig. 138
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IMPORTANT Apply a moderate pressure only on the bonnet edge, immediately above the lock.
LIFTING AND CLOSING
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EMERGENCY OPENING
The luggage compartment lock is released by a servocontrol when opening
the bonnet from inside or using the key.
However, it is always possible to open
the luggage compartment, even in case
of insufficient battery power: just rotate
the key wider and simultaneously press
the bonnet edge by the hand.
fig. 139
107
SECURING THE LOAD
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The loads carried may be blocked with
straps hooked to the special rings in the
boot corners (fig. 140). The rings also
serve to secure the luggage retaining net
(available on request c/o Alfa Romeo Authorized Services).
fig. 140
108
IMPORTANT Travelling at night with
a load in the boot it is necessary to adjust
the height of the low beam headlights
(see next paragraph “Headlights” in this
chapter). For correct use of the aiming
device, also make sure that the load does
not exceed the values given in the same
paragraph.
WARNING
Do not load the luggage
compartment above the
permitted maximum (see “Technical specifications”). Also make sure
that the objects contained in the
boot are well secured to prevent
them from being thrown forward
causing harm to the passengers in
the event of sharp braking.
WARNING
A heavy load that has not
been secured may cause
serious harm to passengers in the
event of an accident.
BONNET
– Raise the safety lever upwards (Bfig. 142).
The lever used to open the bonnet is located under the left end of the dashboard.
– Raise the bonnet.
To open:
WARNING
DANGER-SERIOUS INJURY. When carrying out
checks or maintenance operations
in the engine compartment, take
special care not to bump the head
on the raised bonnet.
– Pull the lever (A-fig. 141) until the
bonnet clicks open.
IMPORTANT Bonnet raising is aided
by two gas springs. Do not tamper with
these springs and always accompany the
bonnet while raising it.
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WARNING
Do this only with the car
stationary.
fig. 141
fig. 142
109
To close:
– Lower the bonnet to approx. 20 cm.
from the engine bay, then let it drop. Try
lifting it to make sure that it is shut completely and not simply caught in the safety position.
If the bonnet does not close properly do
not push it down but open it again and
repeat the above procedure.
110
WARNING
For safety reasons the
bonnet shall always be
perfectly closed when travelling.
Always check for proper bonnet
locking. If the bonnet is left inadvertently open, stop the car immediately and close the bonnet.
HEADLIGHTS
IMPORTANT On the inside surface of
the headlight there could appear a slight
coat of fogging; this does not show a defect,
since it is a natural occurrence due to low
temperature and to the degree of humidity
in the air; it will soon disappear as soon as
the lights are turned on. The presence of
drops inside the headlight shows water seepage, refer to the Alfa Romeo Dealership.
GAS DISCHARGE HEADLIGHTS
(optional for versions/markets where
applicable)
Very high voltage is needed to trigger
the voltaic arc, after which the supply can
be at low voltage.
Gas discharge headlights (xenon) work
with a voltaic arc, in an atmosphere saturated with pressurised xenon gas, instead
of the incandescent filament.
The headlights reach their maximum intensity after about 15 seconds from
switching on.
The lighting produced is remarkably
higher than that of the conventional light
in both terms of the quality of the light
(lighter) and of the amplitude and position of the lit area.
The advantages offered by better lighting are noted (due to less sight fatigue
and better orientation capability of the
driver, thus of travelling safety) especially
in bad weather, fog and/or insufficient
signs, because of the higher lighting
of the side beams which are normally
shaded.
WARNING
If necessary, have the
system checked and any
repairs done only by Authorized Alfa Romeo Services.
The high luminosity produced by this
type of headlight calls for the use of an
automatic system to keep the headlight
beam aiming constant and prevent dazzling other vehicles when braking, accelerating and carrying loads.
The electromechanical system for automatic constant beam aiming makes the
headlight aiming device superfluous.
Xenon lights are very long-lasting and
failure is unlikely.
The heavy increase of lighting in the
side beams considerably increases driving
safety because it allows the driver to better see other users at the sides of the
road (pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists).
111
AIMING LOW BEAM
HEADLAMPS FOR
LEFT/RIGHT CIRCULATION
(only for versions with gas discharge
headlamps)
On cars fitted with gas discharge headlamps (xenon bulbs)(optional for versions/markets where applicable) with
high lighting power, when passing from a
country with right circulation to one with
left circulation or vice versa it is necessary
to change the aiming of the low beams,
to optimise lighting of the edge of the
road and avoid glaring vehicles met.
BEAM AIMING
(excluding versions with gas discharge
headlights)
The adjustment of the headlights is vital
to your safety and comfort and to that of
other road users.
ADJUSTING THE FRONT
FOGLIGHTS (fig. 143)
To adjust the height of the beam of the
front foglight adjust screw (A).
The adjustment of the headlights is also
governed by precise regulations.
Contact Alfa Romeo Authorized Services
to have the headlights correctly adjusted.
To have the position
checked and if necessary adjusted, contact
Alfa Romeo Authorized Services.
IMPORTANT Contact Alfa Romeo Authorised Services to have low beam headlamps correctly adjusted.
A0D0034m
WARNING
When returning to the
country of origin, remember to change the low beam
aiming again.
fig. 143
112
EOBD SYSTEM
The objective is the following:
(optional for versions/
markets where applicable)
– to keep under control the efficiency of
the system;
The EOBD system (European On Board
Diagnosis) allows continuous diagnosis of
the components of the car correlated with
emissions.
– to warn when a fault causes emission
levels to increase;
This system continuously monitors the
components of the vehicle related to emissions; it also indicates, when the U
warning light comes on on the instrument
panel, that the components in question
are in poor condition.
– to indicate the need to replace the
deteriorated components.
The system also has a diagnostic connector that can be interfaced with appropriate tools, which makes it possible to
read the error codes stored in the control
unit, together with a series of specific parameters for engine operation and diagnosis. This check can also be carried out
by the traffic police.
If, when the ignition key
is turned to MAR, the
U warning light does
not come on or if, when driving, it
lights up and emits a fixed light
or a flashing one, contact an Alfa
Romeo Authorized Service Station
as soon as possible. Warning
light U operation can be checked
by means of special equipment
by traffic agents. Always comply
with the traffic regulations in
force in the country where you
are travelling.
IMPORTANT After the problem has
been resolved, to completely check the
system, the Alfa Romeo Authorized Service Station must carry out tests on a test
bench and, if necessary, road tests that
could be long.
113
ABS
The car is fitted with an ABS system
which prevents wheel lock when braking,
better exploits wheel grip and keeps the
vehicle controllable within the limits of
the available grip also during emergency
braking.
The driver can feel that the ABS is operational by a light pulsing of the brake
pedal, accompanied by noise.
This should not be interpreted as malfunctioning of the brakes, but it is the signal to
the driver that the ABS system is working:
it is the warning that the car is travelling at
the limit of grip and that it is therefore necessary to adapt the speed to the type of
road on which you are travelling.
The ABS system is an additional part of
the basic braking system; in the event of
a fault it is disabled, leaving the braking
system in the same conditions as a car
without ABS.
114
In the event of a failure, though being
unable to rely on the antilock effect,
there is absolutely no adverse effect on
vehicle braking performance in terms of
braking capacity.
If you have never used a car with ABS
before, you are advised to learn how to
use it with a few preliminary trials on a
slippery surface, naturally under safety
conditions and fully adhering to the Highway Code of the country concerned. You
are also advised to carefully read the following information.
The advantage of the ABS compared
with the conventional system is that it
makes it possible to maintain maximum
vehicle handling performance also in the
case of hard braking under grip limit conditions, avoiding wheel lock.
Do not however expect the braking distance always to be reduced with the ABS
system: for example, on soft surfaces
such as gravel or fresh snow on slippery
surfaces, the distance might increase.
In order to be able to exploit as far as
possible the possibility of the antilock
system in the case of need, it is wise to
follow a few pieces of advice.
WARNING
The ABS exploits the
available grip in full, but
it cannot increase it; therefore caution is required on slippery surfaces, without running un-necessary
risks.
WARNING
If the ABS cuts in, it
means that the grip limit
between the tyres and the road
surface has been reached: it is necessary to slow down and adapt
driving to the grip available.
WARNING
In the event of a system
fault, with lighting up of
the > warning light, have the vehicle checked immediately by Authorized Alfa Romeo Services, driving slowly to be able to regain full
system performance.
Braking on corners always requires the
utmost caution, even with the help of the
ABS.
The most important piece of advice
however, is the following:
WARNING
When the ABS cuts in and
you feel the pedal pulse,
do not reduce the pressure, but
keep the brake pedal firmly
pressed with no fear; this way you
will stop in the shortest space possible, compatibly with the conditions of the road surface.
Following these instructions you will be
in a condition to obtain peak braking performance at all times.
WARNING Cars fitted with ABS must
only be fitted with wheel rims, tyres and
brake linings of the type and brand approved by the Manufacturer.
The braking system is completed by the
EBD (Electronic Brake Distributor) which
distributes the braking action through the
ABS control unit and sensors.
WARNING
The car is fitted with an
electronic brake distributor (EBD). If the > and x warning lights come on at the same time
when the engine is running, there
is an EBD system fault; in this case,
violent braking may lock the rear
wheels too early, with the possibility of skidding. Drive extremely
carefully to the nearest Authorized
Alfa Romeo Services to have the
system checked over.
115
WARNING
The turning on of the >
warning light with the
engine running normally indicates
an ABS system fault. In this case
the braking system preserves its
effectiveness, without however
making use of the antilock device.
Under these circumstances, the EBD
system may fail to give top performance. In this case, too, you are
recommended to contact Authorized Alfa Romeo Services immediately driving in such a way as to
avoid abrupt braking, to have the
system checked.
116
WARNING
If the x low brake fluid
level warning light comes
on, stop the car immediately and
contact the nearest Authorized Alfa Romeo Services. Indeed, any
leak of fluid from the hydraulic
system compromises the effectiveness of both the conventional
brake system and the system with
antilock system.
BRAKE ASSIST (Brake assist in
an emergency)
This system, that cannot be cut out, recognizes emergency braking on the
ground of the brake pedal operation
speed and allows to speed up the braking
action.
On versions fitted with VDC system,
Brake Assist is deactivated in the event of
VDC system failure (indicated by the
switching on of the relevant warning
light).
VDC AND ASR
SYSTEMS
(on request for versions/markets
where applicable)
VDC SYSTEM (VEHICLE
DYNAMICS CONTROL):
GENERAL
The VDC is an electronic vehicle stability
control system which, acting on the
torque and braking the wheels in a differentiated manner, helps to bring the car
back to the correct course in the event of
loss of grip.
While travelling the car is subjected to
lateral and longitudinal forces that may
be controlled by the driver up to when
the tyres offer adequate road-holding;
when this falls below the minimum level,
the car starts to deviate from the course
required by the driver.
Above all on rough surfaces (such as
cobbles, or due to the presence of water,
ice or soil), changes in speed (when accelerating or braking) and/or course
(bends or the need to avoid obstacles)
can cause the tyres to lose grip.
When the sensors detect the conditions
that would lead to skidding, the VDC system acts on the engine and brakes generating a stabilising torque.
WARNING
The system performance
levels, in terms of active
safety, should not induce the driver to run pointless and unjustified
risks. Driving conduct should always be suited to the conditions of
the road surface, vision and traffic. The responsibility for road safety is always and anyway the vehicle driver’s concern.
The VDC system helps the driver
to keep control of the car in the
event of loss of tyre grip.
The forces induced by the VDC system to control the lack of stability
of the car always and anyway depend on the grip between the tyre
and the road surface.
117
VDC SYSTEM OPERATION
The VDC system turns on automatically
when the car is started and cannot be
switched off. It is however possible to cut
off operation of the ASR system pressing
the corresponding button on the centre
console.
The main components of the VDC system are:
– an electronic control unit which
processes the signals received from the
various sensors and brings about the
most appropriate strategy;
– a sensor that detects the position of
the steering wheel;
– four sensors that detect the rotation
speed of each wheel;
– a sensor that detects rotation of the
car around the vertical axis;
– a sensor that detects lateral acceleration (centrifugal force).
118
The heart of the VDC system is a sensor
that originates from the field of aeronautics, which detects rotations of the car
around its vertical axis. The centrifugal
forces generated when the car runs on a
bend are detected by a highly sensitive,
lateral acceleration sensor.
The stabilising action of the VDC system
is based on calculations made by the
system’s electronic control unit which
processes the signals received from the
steering wheel rotation, lateral acceleration and individual wheel rotation sensors. These signals allow the control unit
to recognise the manoeuvre the driver intends to do when turning the steering
wheel.
The control unit processes the information received from the sensors and is
therefore capable of detecting the position of the car and comparing it with the
trajectory the driver would like to follow
instant by instant. In the event of a discrepancy, the control unit chooses and
commands the most suitable action to
bring the car back to the required course
within a fraction of a second: braking one
or more wheels at a different braking
force and, if necessary it reduces the
power transmitted by the engine.
The corrective actions are changed and
controlled continuously until the car returns to the required course.
The action of the VDC system considerably increases the active safety of the vehicle under many critical situations and it
is particularly useful also when the road
surface grip conditions change.
WARNING
For the VDC, ASR and
ABS systems to work
correctly, the tyres must be of the
same brand and type on all
wheels, in perfect conditions and
above all of the specified type,
brand and size.
ASR FUNCTION (ANTISLIP
REGULATION): GENERAL
The ASR system integrates the VDC system controlling the vehicle drive and coming into operation automatically each
time one or both driving wheels skid.
The action of the ASR system is particularly helpful under the following conditions:
– Skidding of the inner wheel on a
bend, due to the effect of the dynamic
changes of the load or over-accelerating.
Two different control systems are activated, depending on the skidding conditions:
– Excessive power transmitted to the
wheels, also in relation to the conditions
of the road surface.
– If skidding concerns both driving
wheels, because it is caused by the excessive power transmitted, the ASR system
cuts in reducing the power transmitted by
the engine.
– Acceleration on slippery, snowy or icy
surfaces.
– In the case of loss of grip on a wet
surface (aquaplaning).
– If skidding concerns only one driving
wheel, the ASR system cuts in automatically braking the skidding wheel, with an
effect similar to that of a self-locking differential.
119
TURNING ON THE ASR
FUNCTION
IMPORTANT When driving on snow,
with snow chains fitted, if may be helpful
to switch off the ASR function: in these
conditions in fact, skidding of the driving
wheels when moving off helps to obtain
better traction.
CUTTING IN OF THE VDC
SYSTEM
The cutting in of the VDC system is indicated by the flashing of the warning light
(A-fig. 145) on the instrument cluster,
to inform the driver that the car is in critical conditions of stability and grip.
fig. 144
120
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A0D0035m
The ASR function turns on automatically
each time the engine is started.
When travelling it is possible to switch the
system off and on again pressing the switch
(A-fig. 144) on the centre console.
The warning light (B-fig. 144) on the
switch turns on to indicate that the system is off.
If the function is turned off while travelling, it will turn on again automatically
the next time the engine is started.
fig. 145
VDC AND ASR SYSTEM
FAILURE WARNINGS
In the event of failures the VDC and ASR
systems switch off automatically and the
warning light (A-fig. 145) on the instrument cluster turn on glowing steadily.
Conditions of use
or fault
The table below summarises the indications given by the warning lights in the different operating conditions.
In the event of a failure to the VDC or
ASR systems, the car behaves like the
version not equipped with these systems:
at all events, you are recommended to
contact Authorised Alfa Romeo Services
as soon as possible.
System
status
ASR warning
light on button
VDC warning light
on cluster
ABS warning light
on cluster
EBD warning light
on cluster
Lamp
check
On for about
4 seconds
On for about
4 seconds
On for about
4 seconds
On for about
4 seconds
ASR on
ASR enabled
VDC enabled
Off
Off
Off
Off
ASR off
Manually
ASR disabled
VDC enabled
On
Off
Off
Off
ASR active
VDC active
Off
Flashing
Off
Off
ASR disabled
VDC active
On
Flashing
Off
Off
ASR system fault
ASR disabled
On
On
Off
Off
Fault VDC
VDC disabled
Off
On
Off
Off
VDC/ASR disabled
On
On
Off
Off
Fault ABS
ABS/VDC/ASR disabled
On
On
On
Off
Fault EBD
ABS/VDC/ASR/EBD disabled
On
On
On
On
Engine starting
(turning key to MAR)
Driving in
Normal
Conditions
Driving in
Conditions
that might
cause skidding
Fault VDC/ASR
ASR on
ASR off
Manually
121
SOUND SYSTEM
The vehicle is fitted with a complete radio system.
The radio is integrated in the Alfa
Romeo I.C.S. system and, optional for
versions/markets where applicable, it
can be integrated with the DSP (Digital
Sound Processing System) and Compact
Disc player.
FRONT SPEAKERS (fig. 146)
REAR SPEAKERS (fig. 147)
The front speakers are housed in the
front door panels
The speakers are housed on the rear
door panels.
A - Tweeter
A - Tweeter
B - Woofer.
B - Woofer.
fig. 146
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The features of the radio, DSP (Digital
Sound Programming) system and Compact Disc player are described in the Alfa
Romeo I.C.S. supplement enclosed herewith.
fig. 147
When the complete sound system (DSP
- Digital Sound Processing system and
Compact Disc player) is required the car is
supplied with a parcel shelf fitted with
speakers housed at the ends of the parcel
shelf.
The Compact Disc player is housed in
the special compartment (A) on the lefthand side of the boot, under the CD player for the Alfa Romeo I.C.S. navigation
system.
fig. 148
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COMPACT DISC PLAYER
(fig. 149) (optional for versions/
markets where applicable)
585PGSm
SPEAKERS ON PARCEL SHELF
(fig. 148) (optional for versions/
markets where applicable)
fig. 149
123
REFUELLING
PETROL ENGINES
In order to prevent the vehicle being
The anti-pollution devices present on the vehicle impose the use of
four-star unleaded fuel with an
octane number (R.O.N.) above 95.
Filled with leaded petrol the diameter of
the filler neck is smaller than the nozzle
used on pumps delivering leaded petrol.
If the catalyst is not
working properly harmful emissions reach the
exhaust resulting in environment
pollution.
124
Under no circumstances
should conventional
leaded petrol be used
as this would irreparably damage the catalyst. if the tank is
accidentally filled with leaded fuel, even in minute quantity, DO
NOT START THE ENGINE. Do not
attempt to dilute the petrol with
lead free fuel. Drain the entire
fuel circuit and tank.
DIESEL ENGINES
The car must only be
filled with diesel fuel
for motor vehicles, in
compliance with European Standard EN590. The use of other
products or mixtures may irreparably damage the engine
with invalidation of the warranty due to the damage caused. In
the event of accidentally filling
with another type of fuel, do not
start the engine and empty the
tank. If the engine has been run
even for only a very short time,
in addition to the tank, it is also
necessary to drain out the whole
fuel circuit.
If the outside temperature is very low,
the diesel thickens due to the formation
of paraffins and could clog the diesel fuel
filter.
In order to avoid these problems, different types of diesel are distributed according to the season: summer type, winter
type arctic type (mountains/cold areas).
If refuelling with diesel fuel not suitable
for the current temperature, mix diesel fuel with TUTELA DIESEL ART additive
in the proportions stated on the can,
putting first the antifreeze in the tank and
then the diesel fuel.
REFUELLING
FUEL CAP
To guarantee full tank filling, carry out two refuelling operations after the first
click of the fuel delivery gun. Avoid further topping up operations that could
cause damages to the fuel system.
The fuel cap is released from inside the
car pushing the button (A-fig. 150)
with the engine off.
When refuelling the cap can be hung to
the flap (A-fig. 151) using the hook
provided.
To avoid misplacing it when refuelling,
the cap is connected to the filler neck
with a cord.
If driving or parking the vehicle for a
long period in cold areas/mountains, refuel with the diesel fuel available at local
filling stations.
A0D0030m
In this situation you are also recommended to have in the tank an amount
of fuel 50% higher than usable capacity.
fig. 150
125
WARNING
Do not go near the fuel
filler with naked flames
or lit cigarettes: danger of fire. Also avoid going too near the filler
with the face to avoid inhaling
harmful vapours.
IMPORTANT The fuel tank is sealed
hermetically and pressure may build up
inside. Any noise of rushing air when the
cap is removed is perfectly normal.
EMERGENCY FLAP OPENING
DEVICE
If the electrical control fails to work it is
still possible to open the flap by pulling
the cord (A-fig. 152) on the right-hand
side of the luggage compartment.
Access to the cord is gained opening the
lid (B).
fig. 151
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If necessary, replace the
fuel filler cap only by
another original one,
otherwise the efficiency of the
fuel vapour recover y system
could be compromised.
fig. 152
AUTOMATIC FUEL CUT-OFF SWITCH
The car is equipped with a safety switch
which is triggered in the event of a crash
to interrupt the flow of fuel and stopping
the engine as a consequence. This also
prevents fuel leaks due to fuel lines
breaking.
After the crash, remember to turn the ignition key to STOP to prevent the battery running down.
If no leaks or damages to electric devices (e.g.: headlights) are found and the
car can be restarted, reactivate the fuel
cut-off switch. Follow the instructions given below.
WARNING
If, after an accident, you
can smell petrol or see
that the fuel feed system is leaking, do not reset the switches to
avoid the risk of fire.
127
DOOR UNLOCKING IN CASE
OF ACCIDENT
To reactivate the automatic fuel cut-off
switch, press button (fig. 153) under
the driver's seat.
RESETTING THE FUEL CUT-OFF
SWITCH
In case of accident with activation of the
inertial switch as a consequence, door
locks are automatically unlocked to let
rescuers reach the passenger compartment from the outside.
381PGSm
WARNING
Anyway, door opening
from the outside depends
on their conditions after the accident: if a door is distorted it might
be impossible to open it even if it
is unlocked. In this case try to open
the other car doors.
WARNING
Before resetting the fuel
cut-off switch, carefully
check for any fuel leaks or damages to the car electric devices
(e.g.: headlights).
fig. 153
128
ENVIRONMENTAL
PROTECTION
The design and construction of the vehicle have not only been developed with
the traditional aspects of performance
and safety in mind but also take into account the increasingly pressing problems
tied to protecting the environment.
The choice of materials, techniques and
particular devices are the result of work
which has made it possible to drastically
reduce the harmful effects on the environment and guarantee respect for the severest international norms.
USE OF NON-TOXIC
MATERIALS
EMISSION REDUCING DEVICES
(Petrol engines)
None of the components of the vehicle
contain asbestos. The padding and the climate control system do not contain CFCs
which are held to be responsible for the
destruction of the ozone layer.
Catalysts
The colouring agents and the corrosion
inhibitors used on the nuts, screws and
bolts do not contain cadmium or chrome
which could pollute the atmosphere or
water tables.
The exhaust system is fitted with a system of catalysts formed of precious metal
alloys housed in a stainless steel container which withstand high operating temperatures.
The catalysts convert unburned hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and nitric oxides in the exhaust gas (even in minimal
quantity, thanks to the electronic ignition
and injection systems) into non polluting
compounds.
129
WARNING
Due to the high temperature reached while the
catalysts are working, it is advisable not to park the car over inflammable material (paper, fuel
oils, grass, dry leaves, etc.).
Lambda sensors
The lambda sensors detect the oxygen
content in the exhaust gas.
The signals transmitted by the Lambda
sensors are used by the electronic control
unit of the injection-ignition system to adjust the air-fuel mixture.
Anti-evaporation system
(only petrol versions)
As it is impossible, even when the engine is switched off, to prevent the formation of fuel vapours, a system has been
devised which traps them in a special carbon container.
During operation of the engine these
vapours are withdrawn and sent to combustion.
130
EMISSION REDUCING DEVICES
(diesel engines)
Oxidising catalytic converter
Converts the polluting substance in the
exhaust gases (carbon monoxide, unburnt hydrocarbons and particulate), thus
reducing the fumes and smell that are
typical of diesel engines.
Exhaust gas recirculation system
(E.G.R.)
This system recycles, i.e. re-uses, a
varying percentage of the exhaust gases
depending on engine operating conditions.
It is used, when necessary, to control nitric oxides.
The catalytic converter consists of a
stainless steel case that houses a ceramic
honeycomb coated with noble metal used
as a catalyst.
131
GETTING THE BEST OUT OF YOUR CAR
Reading this chapter and following the advice, recommendations
and specification given in it will make it possible for you to get the
best from your vehicle in terms of safety, performance, reliability
and length of life.
This chapter mostly deals with procedures of a general nature.
However, in some cases, it may deal with exclusive and particular
operations.
Pay close attention therefore to the information given as this will
allow you to exploit your vehicle to the full.
STARTING THE ENGINE ............................................................................ page
SAFE DRIVING .........................................................................................................
WINTER TYRES ........................................................................................................
SNOW CHAINS ........................................................................................................
ECONOMY AND ENVIRONMENT-FRIENDLY DRIVING .................................
TOWING TRAILERS ................................................................................................
VEHICLE INACTIVITY..............................................................................................
INSTALLATION OF ELECTRIC/ELECTRONIC DEVICES ...................................
RADIO TRANSMITTERS AND CELLULAR TELEPHONES ..............................
134
136
147
147
148
152
155
156
156
133
STARTING
THE ENGINE
IMPORTANT The car is fitted with an
electronic engine lock device. if the engine fails to start see “The Alfa Romeo
CODE system”.
The ignition switch is fitted with a safety
device which obliges the driver to return
the ignition key to the STOP position before repeating the starting operation if
the engine does not start immediately.
Similarly, when the engine is running,
the device prevents the key being moved
from MAR to the AVV position.
PROCEDURE FOR PETROL
ENGINES
In addition to the notes
and specifications given
below we recommend
that, during the initial period, you do not drive to full vehicle
performance (for example excessive acceleration, long journeys
at top speed, hard braking etc.).
WARNING
Running the engine in
confined areas is extremely dangerous. The engine
consumes oxygen and produces
carbon monoxide which is a highly
toxic and lethal gas.
134
With cold engine:
1) Engage the handbrake.
2) Ensure that the systems and electrical devices, especially if they absorb high
quantities of energy (e.g. heated rear
windscreen), are switched off.
3) Set the gearshift lever to neutral and
fully depress the clutch without pressing
the accelerator.
4) Turn the ignition key to the AVV position releasing it as soon as the engine starts.
Never leave the ignition
key in the MAR position
when the engine is
switched off.
5) If the engine does not start immediately, return the key to the STOP position and repeat the operation
With hot engine:
1) Engage the handbrake.
2) Ensure that the systems and electrical devices, especially if they absorb high
quantities of energy (e.g. heated rear
windscreen), are switched off.
3) Set the gearshift lever to neutral and
fully depress the clutch without pressing
the accelerator.
4) Turn the ignition key to the AVV position releasing it as soon as the engine starts.
5) If the engine does not start immediately, return the key to the STOP position
and repeat the procedure, slightly pressing
the accelerator pedal without pumping it.
IMPORTANT If it is difficult to start the
engine do not insist with extended attempts
which may damage the catalyzer but contact Alfa Romeo Authorized Services.
PROCEDURE FOR DIESEL
VERSIONS
1) Engage the handbrake.
2) Set the gearshift lever to neutral and
fully depress the clutch without pressing
the accelerator.
3) Turn the ignition key to the MAR
position. the m warning light on the instrument cluster will turn on.
4) Wait for the m warning light to go
off, which will depend on how warm the
engine is. If the engine is very warm the
turning on of the warning light may be so
fast as to go by unobserved.
5) Turn the ignition key to AVV as
soon as the m warning light goes off.
Waiting too long would make the glow
plug heating work pointless.
For versions/markets
where applicable the
warning light m flashes
for about 30 seconds after starting the engine meaning that
there is a fault to the glow plug
warming system, in which case,
contact Alfa Romeo Authorized
Services.
IMPORTANT The electric devices that
absorb much energy (air conditioner,
rearscreen heating, etc.) are disengaged
automatically during engine starting.
If the engine does not start at the first
attempt, move the ignition key back to
the STOP position before repeating starting.
If starting is difficult (with the Alfa
Romeo CODE system efficient), do not insist with prolonged attempts.
WARMING THE ENGINE
– Drive off slowly, at medium revs
without accelerating abruptly.
– Do not drive at full performance for
the initial kilometres of the journey. Wait
until the engine coolant temperature is
between 50 and 60°C.
SWITCHING OFF
– Release the accelerator pedal and
wait until the engine reaches idle speed.
– Turn the ignition key to the STOP
position and switch off the engine.
IMPORTANT After a hard journey, it
is advisable to allow the engine to “get
its breath back” before switching off, running it at idle speed to allow the temperature in the engine compartment to cool
down.
Only use an auxiliary battery if it is noted that the cause is due to low charge of
vehicle’s battery. Never use a battery
charger to start the engine (see ”If the
battery is flat” in the chapter “In an emergency”).
135
For vehicles equipped
with turbocharger in
particular and for other
vehicles in general, revving the
engine before switching off
should be avoided.
Revving the engine serves no
purpose and consumes fuel for
no reason. It may also cause
damage to the bearings on the
rotor.
EMERGENCY STARTING
SAFE DRIVING
Do not bump, tow or
coast start the vehicle
as this would irreparably damage the exhaust gas catalyzer.
This paragraph supplies suggestions and
indications for the correct and safe use of
your vehicle in the most common situations.
Starting with an auxiliary
battery
If the engine does not start (with the Alfa Romeo CODE system efficient), use an
auxiliary battery as described in the chapter “In an emergency”.
In addition to this, suggestions are given concerning the main organs which ensure the safety of the vehicle and its passengers.
BEFORE DRIVING OFF
Before driving off, especially before a
long journey, the following procedures
should be carried out:
– Adjust the seat, steering wheel and
rear-view mirrors in order to obtain a correct position for driving.
– Check that nothing can get under the
foot pedals, especially under the brake
pedal.
– If children are present in the car adhere to the instructions given in the paragraph “General instructions for the use of
the seat belts and child restraint system”
in the chapter “Getting to know your
car”.
136
– Check the operation of the horn.
– Check the operation and degree of
wear of the windscreen wipers.
– Check the operation of the external
lights and if necessary, clean the light
units.
– Above all when driving at night,
check the alignment of headlight beams
before starting off.
– Check that no oil or other liquid is
leaking out under the car.
– Ensure that luggage is stowed away
correctly.
– A light meal containing easily assimilable foods will help keep reflexes ready
and aid concentration for a safe journey.
WARNING
Driving under the influence of alcohol, drugs
and/or some medicines is highly
dangerous.
Never drive when drunk or under
the effect of drugs or medicines.
– Ensure that, in addition to yourself,
all passengers have fastened their seat
belts.
– Ensure that the handbrake is released and that the warning lights on the
instrument panel do not indicate a malfunction. To avoid accidental movements
of the car, disengage the handbrake
keeping the brake pedal pressed.
The following should also be noted:
– Long distances should be tackled
when in good health and should where
possible be programmed, especially when
the roads are busy.
– Use the direction indicators when
changing direction.
– Switch on the external lights at sunset.
– Keep a safe distance from the vehicle
in front. A “safe” distance will vary according to the speed of the vehicle,
weather conditions and road-traffic conditions.
– Never drive with one hand resting on
the gear lever. The involuntary movement
of the gear lever which this causes, even
if slight, will cause avoidable wear to the
internal elements of the gearbox.
– Never drive with the gearbox in neutral.
WHEN TRAVELLING
– Driving with care also means being
able to predict the actions of other road
users, respecting the speed limits and occupying the near-side lane on motorways.
– Do not drive with your foot resting on
the clutch pedal as this habit leads to
rapid wearing of the clutch.
– Do not drive for long periods without
a break. During a break get out of the vehicle and move around a bit to shake off
drowsiness.
– Ensure that the air in the vehicle is
changed constantly using the many possibilities offered by the heating-ventilation
and climate control system.
137
WARNING
Ensure that both yourself
and your passengers are
wearing their seat belts. Travelling
without seat belts greatly increases the risks of serious injury
or even death in the event of an
accident.
– Do not coast the vehicle down hill
with the engine switched off as this eliminates the engine braking effect thus requiring a greater effort on the brake pedal, on the power steering and considerably more effort on the steering wheel.
– If it is necessary to stop the vehicle
following a malfunction, park off the
road, switch on the hazard warning lights
and set up the warning triangle to alert
other road users of the presence of your
vehicle. At all times comply with the current road traffic regulations.
138
PARKING
NIGHT DRIVING
When the vehicle is parked, proceed as
follows:
Night driving involves a greater degree
of concentration, both physical and nervous. Some suggestions concerning night
driving follow:
– Drive with particular care, reducing
speed if necessary especially on unlit
roads.
– Maintain a greater distance from the
vehicle in front than during the day as it
is more difficult to judge the speed of a
vehicle when only the lights can be seen.
– If you become drowsy stop the car
and rest. continuing the journey when
sleepy is dangerous for yourself and for
others.
–Ensure that the headlights are correctly aligned: if they are too low visibility is
reduced and if they are too high they
may cause disturbance to other users.
– use the main-beam outside built-up
areas and only when you are certain that
other drivers are not disturbed by their
use.
– When meeting vehicles coming in the
opposite direction, switch off the mainbeam and drive with the dipped-beam
headlights on.
– Keep the headlights and light units
clean at all times.
– Switch off the engine.
– Engage the handbrake.
– Engage first gear if parking the car
uphill or reverse if parking the car on a sloping road. On cars with automatic gearbox set the gear lever to P.
– Turn the front wheels so that the vehicle will immediately come to a halt if the
handbrake slips.
To avoid useless consumption of power and
possible draining of the
battery, never leave the ignition
key in the MAR position when
the engine is not running.
WARNING
Never leave children unattended in the vehicle.
Always remove the key from the
ignition when leaving the vehicle
and take it with you.
DRIVING UNDER ADVERSE
WEATHER CONDITIONS
– Check the condition of the windscreen
wiper blades.
Rain and fog can be extremely dangerous if the style of driving is not adapted
to suit these conditions. Some suggestions are given below:
– If fog is very thick avoid travelling
where possible. If travelling cannot be
avoided drive with extreme care and
moderate your speed. Avoid overtaking.
– if the road is wet, the friction between wheel and asphalt is greatly reduced thus increasing the stopping distance and decreasing road holding when
cornering.
– If the vehicle is forced to stop owing
to a malfunction or zero visibility conditions, pull off the road, switch on the hazard warning lights and if possible, the
dipped-beam headlights.
Reduce speed and keep further back
from the vehicle in front.
MOUNTAIN DRIVING
– Heavy rain and fog reduce visibility.
Headlights should be switched on as the
road traffic laws and common sense dictate, above all to render yourself visible
to others.
– Do not drive over puddles or flooded
roads at high speed as the aquaplaning
phenomenon may cause you to loose
control over the vehicle.
– If visibility is already reduced prevent
it from worsening by ensuring that the
windows do not steam up. Use the heating-ventilation controls as indicated in the
chapter “Know your vehicle”.
Mountain driving requires a greater degree of concentration. Some practical
hints follow:
– Before driving off check the level of
fluids (engine oil, brakes, coolant) and
the state of the tyres.
– When travelling down hill use the engine braking by engaging lower gears to
prevent the brakes from overheating.
– Remember that overtaking uphill is
slower and therefore requires a greater
length of clear road. If you are being
overtaken on a hill move over to enable
the other vehicle to pass in safety.
WINTER DRIVING
If the temperature falls below 0°C or in
the presence of snow or ice the following
recommendations should be followed:
– Before driving off check that the
windscreen wipers are not frozen to the
windscreen.
– Remove the snow from the air intake
(grille) at the base of the windscreen.
– Do not stop long on deep snow with
the engine running: the snow might divert the exhaust gas carbon monoxide into the passenger compartment.
– Ensure that brakes and tyres are in
perfect working order.
– Never coast downhill with the engine
off or in neutral and especially not with
the ignition key removed.
–Ensure that the detergent liquid located in the windscreen/headlight washers
has been topped up with anti-freeze and
anti-scale additives.
– Drive at a moderate speed and avoid
cutting corners.
– Use engine braking where possible
and avoid abrupt braking.
139
– During cold weather even apparently
dry roads may be covered with occasional patches of ice. Pay great attention
therefore when driving on roads which
are in the shade, or where rocks or trees
line the road and on which ice may persist.
IMPORTANT To avoid damaging
tyres do not drive on bare patches of asphalt with snow chains fitted to the vehicle. In extreme cases proceed slowly and
remove the chains as soon as possible.
When driving on snow with snow chains
fitted, it might be helpful to turn off the
ASR function of the VDC system (if present): in fact, in these conditions, skidding of the driving wheels when moving
off makes it possible to obtain higher
traction.
BRAKES
An efficient braking system is vital to
the safety of the vehicle and its passengers.
To use the brakes correctly and to improve their efficiency and limit wear the
following recommendations should be followed:
140
– Do not drive with your foot resting on
the brake pedal.
– Ensure that the brake pedal is not
blocked by the mat or other objects.
– Check the efficiency of the braking
system especially before long journeys.
– Check the handbrake and brake fluid
minimum level warning light x on the
instrument panel. if the x warning light
comes on and stays on when the vehicle
is travelling check that the handbrake is
not engaged. If it is not, stop the vehicle
immediately and check the level of the
brake fluid. If the level is low the anomaly affecting the circuit should be rectified
immediately. If the d warning light
comes on when the brake pedal is
pressed, this means that the front brake
pads have reached the minimum permitted thickness. Have them replaced as
soon as possible by Alfa Romeo Authorized Services.
– The brake fluid is hygroscopic (i.e. it
absorbs humidity). To prevent the onset
of braking anomalies it should therefore
be replaced every two years regardless of
the kilometres travelled.
SERVO BRAKE
The vehicle is equipped with a servobraking system (active only when the engine is running). When the engine is stationary a greater effort is required to depress the brake pedal in order to obtain
the same braking effect.
ANTI WHEEL-LOCK SYSTEM
(ABS)
The vehicle is equipped with an ABS system with electronic braking device (EBD),
the following should be heeded:
– A slight pulsing may be felt on the
brake pedal caused by the intervention of
the ABS system.
– The performance of the system, in
terms of active safety, should not induce
the driver to take unnecessary and unjustified risks.
– The conduct of the driver must always
reflect weather, road and traffic conditions.
– Deceleration always depends on the
degree of grip between the tyres and the
road surface. Obviously road holding is
greatly reduced when there is ice or snow
on the road. Under these conditions the
stopping distance is increased despite the
use of the ABS system.
WARNING
The ABS system does not
dispense the driver from
driving carefully, especially when
the road is icy, snowed over or
wet.
WARNING
The car is fitted with an
electronic braking device
(EBD). if the > and x warning
lights turn on at the same time, this
means that there is an EBD system
fault; in this case violent braking
may be accompanied by early rear
wheel locking, with the possibility
of skidding. Drive the car extremely
carefully to the nearest Authorized
Alfa Romeo workshop to have the
system checked.
WARNING
The turning on of only
the > warning light
with the engine running normally
indicates a fault to the ABS system
only. In this case the braking system is still efficient, though without the aid of the anti-lock device.
Under these conditions performance of the EBD system may be
reduced. In this case too, you are
advised to go immediately to the
nearest Authorized Alfa Romeo
workshop, driving in such a way
as to avoid sharp braking, to have
the system checked over.
BRAKE ASSIST (Brake assist in
an emergency)
This system, that cannot be cut out, recognizes emergency braking on the
ground of the brake pedal operation
speed and allows to speed up the braking
action.
On versions fitted with VDC system, Brake
Assist is deactivated in the event of VDC
system failure (indicated by the switching
on of the relevant warning light).
VDC SYSTEM (VEHICLE
DYNAMICS CONTROL):
The VDC is an electronic vehicle stability
control system which, acting on the torque
and braking the wheels in a differentiated
manner, helps to bring the car back to the
correct course in the event of loss of grip.
When the sensors detect the conditions
that would lead to skidding, the VDC system intervenes on the engine and on the
brakes producing a stabilising torque.
WARNING
The system performance
levels, in terms of active
safety, should not induce the driver to run pointless and unjustified
risks. Driving conduct should always be suited to the conditions of
the road surface, vision and traffic. The responsibility for road
safety is always and anyway the
vehicle driver’s concern.
141
WARNING
The VDC system helps
the driver to keep control
of the car in the event of loss of
tyre grip.
The forces induced by the VDC system to control the lack of stability
of the car always and anyway depend on the grip between the tyre
and the road surface.
The VDC system turns on automatically
when the car is started and cannot be
switched off. It is however possible to cut
off operation of the ASR system pressing
the corresponding button on the centre
console.
ASR FUNCTION (ANTISLIP
REGULATION): GENERAL
The ASR system integrates the VDC system controlling the vehicle drive and coming into operation automatically each
time one or both driving wheels skid.
POWER STEERING
WINDSCREEN WIPER BLADES
The hydraulic power steering is only active when the engine is running. If the engine is switched off greater effort will be
required to turn the wheel.
The windscreen wiper blades should be
checked periodically. Dirty or worn blades
greatly reduce visibility. The windscreen
and windows should be cleaned regularly
and grease, dirt and tar removed. In this
way the life of blades will be extended
considerably.
As the steering system is a mechanical
organ which is closely tied to driving
safety, the vehicle should be stopped and
Alfa Romeo Authorized Services contacted
if an anomaly is detected.
IMPORTANT Keep the steering wheel
turned at the end of its stroke, in both directions, only for the strictly indispensable
time.
WINDOWS
Do not apply stickers or similar adhesives to the windows as these may distract the driver and block his vision.
When changing the
wiper blades follow the
instructions contained in
the package which is available as
a spare part and read the indications given in the “Car maintenance “ chapter of this booklet.
Before operating the windscreen wipers,
remove snow or ice from the windscreen
and check that the wiper blade is not
frozen to the windscreen. Use an antifreeze product if necessary.
Do not operate the windscreen wipers
on dry glass.
142
WHEELS
WARNING
The jack should only be
used when changing a
wheel; Do not work under the vehicle when this is only supported
using the jack.
The wheels (rims and tyres) installed in
the factory are those which are most suited to the characteristics of the vehicle
and guarantee the greatest degree of
safety and comfort under all normal driving conditions.
Before replacing the rims or tyres installed on your vehicle consult the table
indicating the permitted types given in
the “Technical specifications” chapter of
this manual or contact Alfa Romeo Authorized Services.
The original rim-tyre match should be
followed when changing tyres.
WARNING
While the specified dimensions remain unchanged, for travelling safety and
correct operation of the VDC, ASR
and ABS systems the tyres must
absolutely be of the same brand
and type on all wheels, in perfect
conditions and above all of the
specified type and brand.
SPARE WHEEL
Cars fitted with steel rims and tyres
215/55 R16 (*) have spare wheel identical with the standard wheels. Cars fitted
with aluminium alloy rims and tyres
215/55 R16 (*), 225/45 R17 and
235/40 R18 have the spare wheel with
steel rim and tyre 215/55 R16 (*).
(*) For versions/markets where applicable tyres 205/55 R16.
WARNING
On cars fitted with tyres
215/55 R16 (*), 225/45
R17, 235/40 R18 and spare wheel
with tyre 215/55 R16 (*), since
the spare wheel is different from
the standard wheels, observe the
instructions for use given below.
(*) For versions/markets where applicable tyres 205/55 R16.
IMPORTANTS (when using a spare wheel different from the
other wheels of the car)
– The spare wheel should only be used in
an emergency.
– Use of the spare wheel should be kept
to a minimum. Do not drive at speeds of
over 80 km/h.
– The car will handle differently when the
spare wheel is fitted. Avoid sudden acceleration or braking, sharp corners and fast
bends.
– Check at regular intervals that spare
wheel pressure is equal to 2.7 bar (2.7
kg/cm2).
143
– Two or more spare wheels should never
be used together. Have the wheel changed
repaired and refitted as soon as possible.
– Have the wheels balanced and the
front and rear axles set correctly.
Rims
– Avoid hitting the side walls of the
tyres, for example when parking.
The bolts should be tightened to a
torque of 86 Nm (8.8 kgm).
– Never tamper with the valve on the
tyre.
Tyres
– Do not insert anything between the
rim and the tyre.
The tyres installed on the vehicle are of
the tubeless type and do not have an inner tube. To obtain the greatest degree of
comfort, safety and length of life of the
tyres, the following recommendations
should be observed.
– With new tyres do not drive at full
speed until the first 100 km have been
reached.
– Before entering a tight bend, even if
the vehicle permits it, reduce speed.
– Avoid sharp acceleration and unnecessary braking.
– Do not travel for long periods at sustained high speed especially on rough
roads.
144
– If the rim is bent, have it replaced.
– In the event of an abnormal drop in
the tyre pressure replace the wheel and
have it checked.
– When balancing the wheels use the
counterweights which are specifically designed for tubeless tyres. To balance light
alloy rims only Alfa Romeo original
weights should be used.
– The tyre pressure, including that of
the spare wheel must reflect the indications given in the “Technical specifications” of this manual.
– Have the tyres checked periodically to
ensure that they are not damaged in any
way.
– Second-hand tyres of unknown origin
or over 6 years old must only be used in
emergencies and with great care.
– Inner tubes must not be fitted to
tubeless tyres.
– Avoid parking the vehicle on the edge
of a step or other irregularities in the road
surface.
– Have the tyre tread checked periodically and replace when the legal minimum is reached.
IMPORTANT Some types of tyres are
fitted with wear indicators. As soon as
these wear indicators appear on the tyre
tread, the tyres must be replaced.
Periodically check that the tyres are not
showing signs of irregular tread wear. If
they are, contact Alfa Romeo Authorized
Services who will eliminate the cause of
irregular wear.
Tread wear increases the danger of
aquaplaning on wet surfaces.
To ensure uniform wear between the
tyres on the front axle and those on the
rear axle, the tyres should be switched
around every 10,000 - 15,000 km keeping the tyres on the same side of the vehicle to avoid inverting the direction of rotation (fig. 1).
Tyre pressure and wear
The correct tyre pressure will not only
ensure that your tyres last longer but will
also make your vehicle safer as they have
a direct influence over road holding.
The pressure of each tyre, including that
of the spare tyre should be checked regularly and always before a long journey.
The tyres should be checked when cold
using a pressure gauge and inflated to
the pressure given in the chapter “Technical specifications”.
Incorrect tyre pressure causes tyre wear
(fig. 2):
fig. 1
3212CAm
A0D0037m
WARNING
Do not cross the tyres
over.
Note for one way tyres: There
are arrows on the side of one-way tyres
indicating the direction of rotation. When
a wheel is changed (for example after a
puncture, the direction of the arrow on
the spare wheel might not coincide with
the direction of rotation of the wheel to
be changed. Even in these conditions the
tyre is still safe but you are advised to
have the tyre repaired and refitted as
soon as possible, because top performance is obtained when all the wheels
turn in the direction of the arrow.
fig. 2
145
A - Normal pressure: tread uniformly worn.
A correct pressure will ensure a longer
life for your tyre and improve performance as the tread will then be working
along the entire width of the tread and
wear will be more uniform.
These conditions also lead to:
– better road holding of the vehicle
C - Excessive pressure: tread worn
more towards the centre.
Overinflating the tyres leads to:
– irregular wearing of the tread, concentrated more towards the centre of the
tread
– a reduction in the level of comfort
Wheel balancing
Each wheel together with its tyre is balanced, both satirically and dynamically, in
the factory. When the tyres are replaced
the wheels must be rebalanced to prevent
vehicle instability, wearing of the components of the steering system and irregular
tyre wear.
– a greater vulnerability of the tyre to
knocks
– easier and more precise steering
– reduced fuel consumption due to a
lower resistance against the rolling of the
tyre.
B - Insufficient pressure: tread
worn more along the edge.
Low tyre pressure will cause irregular
wearing of the tread (greater along the
sides) and cause the tyre to overheat
which could lead to parts of the tyre
breaking off and cause damage to the
shell of the tyre itself.
This type of damage could lead to sudden loss of pressure or cause the tyre to
burst.
146
IMPORTANT When the vehicle is being used the pressure increases naturally.
In exceptional cases when checking tyre
pressure when hot, do not reduce the
pressure.
When balancing wheels
made of light alloy only
original Alfa Romeo
counterweights should be used.
WINTER TYRES
Use winter tyres of the same size as the
normal tyres provided on the car.
WARNING When winter tyres are
used with a maximum speed index below
the one that can be reached by the vehicle (increased by 5%), place a notice in
the passenger compartment, plainly in
the driver’s view which states the maximum permissible speed of the winter
tyres (as per CE Directive).
Alfa Romeo Authorised Services will be
pleased to advise you on the choice of
the car most suited to the use the Customer intends to make of it.
Fit the same type of tyre on all four
wheels (brand and profile) to ensure
higher driving safety when braking and
good handling.
For the type of tyre to be used, inflation
pressures and the specifications of winter
tyres, follow the instructions given in the
“Technical Specifications” chapter.
Remember that it is inappropriate to
change the direction of rotation of tyres.
These tyres are specially designed for
driving on snow and ice, to be fitted in replacement of those fitted on the car.
The winter features of these tyres are
reduced considerably when the tread
depth is below 4 mm. In this case, they
should be replaced.
SNOW CHAINS
Use of snow chains should be in compliance with local regulations. Snow chains
should only be applied to the drive
wheels (front). The sport connotation of
the vehicle requires the use of specific
types of snow chain. Alfa Romeo Authorized Services should first be contacted
before purchasing or using snow chains.
Check the tension of the chain after the
first few dozen metres have been driven.
IMPORTANT When driving on snow
with snow chains fitted, it might be
helpful to turn off the ASR function of
the VDC system (if present): in fact, in
these conditions, skidding of the driving
wheels when moving off makes it possible to obtain higher traction.
Due to the winter features, under normal conditions of use or on long motorway journeys, the performance of these
tyres is lower than that of normal tyres.
It is necessary therefore to limit their
use to the purposes for which they are
certified.
147
Snow chains can be fitted only on wheels with
6.5J x 16” rims and
215/55 R16 tyres or 7.5J x 17”
rims and 225/45 R17 tyres.
(*) Pour versions/marchè lorsqu’il
est prèvu pneus 205/55 R16.
Drive at a moderate
speed when snow chains
have been fitted to the
wheels. Avoid potholes, steps and
pavements, and do not drive for
long stretches on snow-free roads,
otherwise you risk damaging the
tyres, suspension and steering.
148
ECONOMY AND
ENVIRONMENTFRIENDLY DRIVING
How you use and how you drive your
vehicle directly influence fuel consumption and environmental impact.
By following a few simple guidelines
and without incising on the “liveliness”
of the vehicle, it is possible to avoid damaging the environment and often, at the
same time, to limit fuel consumption.
The following helpful suggestions will allow you to save in running costs and reduce harmful emissions.
GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS
Vehicle maintenance
The conditions of the vehicle are an important factor which affects fuel consumption as well as driving tranquillity and the
life of the car itself. For this reason, care
should be given to maintenance, having
the checks and adjustments given in the
scheduled maintenance programme carried out (see ... spark plugs, idle speed,
air/fuel oil filter, timing).
Tyres
Check the tyre pressure at least every 4
weeks: if the pressure is too low, consumption increases as resistance to rolling is
higher. It should also be underlined that in
these conditions, tyre wear increases resulting in poor handling and lower safety.
Useless loads
Climate control system
Do not overload the boot (especially in
town), as this will heavily affect fuel consumption and stability of the vehicle.
The climate control system is a further
load that weighs considerably on the engine inducing higher consumption levels
(on average up to +20%). Outside temperature permitting, preferably use the air
vents.
Roof rack/ski rack
Remove the roof rack or ski rack immediately after use. These accessories lower
air drag and adversely affect consumption
levels. For particularly bulky loads the use
of a trailer is preferable.
Electric services
Use electric devices only for the necessary time. Rearscreen heating, additional
headlights, wipers and the heater fan
consume a considerable amount of energy, increasing the need for current highers
fuel consumption (up to +25% in the urban cycle).
Spoilers
The use of spoilers that have not been
certified by Alfa Romeo can adversely affect air drag and fuel consumption.
DRIVING STYLE
Starting
Do not warm the engine stationary at idle speed or high speed: in these conditions the engine warms much more slowly, increasing consumption and emissions.
It is therefore advisable to move off immediately and slowly, avoiding high
speeds. This will warm up the engine
more quickly.
Pointless manoeuvres
Avoid revving the engine when waiting
at traffic lights and before switching the
engine off. This, like revving before
changing gear, serves absolutely no purpose on modern cars and increases consumption and emission levels.
Gearshifting
As soon as the road and traffic conditions permit it, engage a higher gear. The
use of a low gear to obtain lively accelerating increases fuel consumption.
In the same way, incorrect use of a gear
increases consumption, emission and engine wear.
149
Top speed
CONDITIONS OF USE
Fuel consumption increases considerably
with the speed of the car: it is helpful to
observe that passing from 90 to 120
km/h consumption increases by + 30%.
Also maintain the most uniform possible
speed, avoiding superfluous braking and
accelerating which cost fuel while increasing emission levels. You are therefore advised to adopt a “smooth” driving style.
trying to anticipate manoeuvres to avoid
imminent danger and respect safety distances to avoid having to slow down
abruptly.
Cold starting
Acceleration
Violent accelerating bringing the engine
to high rpm has a considerable adverse
effect on consumption and emission levels; it is wise to accelerate gradually without exceeding the maximum permissible
torque.
Brief and frequent cold starts do not allow the engine to reach the optimum operating temperature. This leads to a significant increase in consumption (from
+15% up to +30% in the urban cycle)
and in the emission of pollutants.
Traffic situations and road
conditions
Rather high consumption levels are
linked with heavy traffic situations, for example in slow-moving queues with the
frequent use of low gears or in big towns
with many traffic lights.
Also winding mountain roads and rough
roads adversely affect consumption levels.
Halts in the traffic
During prolonged halts (e.g. level crossings) it is advisable to switch the engine
off.
150
PROTECTING EMISSION
REDUCING DEVICES
The correct operation of the anti-pollution devices not only guarantees respect
for the environment but also has a great
influence on vehicle performance.
These devices should be kept in good
condition to permit economical and ecological use of your vehicle.
The programmed Maintenance Schedule
should be carefully followed.
For petrol engines, only unleaded fuel
should be used.
If starting is difficult,
do not insist with prolonged attempts. Do not
push, tow or coast start the vehicle: these may all damage the
catalysts.
Use an auxiliary battery to start the vehicle in an emergency.
If the engine is not “running smoothly”
when the vehicle is travelling, reduce the
request for performance to a minimum
and contact Alfa Romeo Authorized Services as soon as possible.
When the fuel reserve warning light
comes on fill up as soon as possible. A
low fuel level may cause an irregular supply to the engine with inevitable increase
of the exhaust gas temperature.
When travelling downhill for long
stretches slightly rev the engine every
now and again. This action will extend
the life of the catalyzer.
WARNING
During normal operation
the catalytic converter
reaches high temperatures. Do not
therefore park the vehicle over inflammable materials (grass, dry
leaves, pine needles etc.): fire hazard. Do not install other heat
shields and do not remove the existing ones on the catalyst and on
the exhaust pipe.
Do not spray anything on the catalyst, lambda sensor and exhaust
pipe.
WARNING
The failure to follow
these rules may cause a
fire hazard.
Never run the engine, even as a test,
with one or more spark plugs disconnected.
151
TOWING TRAILERS
GENERALITIES
The vehicle can be used to tow trailers
after a suitable tow hook has been fitted.
Alfa Romeo retails a tow hook which fulfils the safety and legal requirements.
This tow hook should be fitted by Alfa
Romeo Authorized Services which will ensure a better result and avoid problems
arising which may jeopardise the bodywork warranty cover.
WARNING
The ABS system with
which the car is fitted
does not control the trailer braking system. Particular care is
therefore necessary on slippery
surfaces.
152
WARNING
Under no circumstances
should the hydraulic
braking system of the vehicle be
tampered with to control the
brakes of the trailer.
The trailer’s braking system must be
separate from the vehicle’s hydraulic system.
When hooking up a caravan or trailer
check that the maximum towable
weights (given in the log book) and the
maximum load permitted on the vehicle’s
tow hook (given on the label applied to
the structure of the trailer), are above or
equal to the overall weight and loading
on the towing eye.
WARNINGS AND
SUGGESTIONS
Some indications concerning driving
with a trailer are given below:
The vehicle-trailer match must conform
to the specifications of the road-traffic
laws.
– Install the specific rear-view mirrors
as specified by law.
Towing weight refers to the overall
weight of a fully loaded trailer including
all accessories and personal belongings.
To avoid sanctions the overall weight of a
fully loaded trailer should be checked to
ensure that it does not exceed the limits
given in the log book.
– When travelling down hill engage a
low gear rather than constantly using the
brake.
The vertical loading on the ball hook
should not in any case exceed the limits
specified in the “Technical specifications”
section.
– Remember that when towing a trailer
steep inclines are harder to climb.
– Drive within the permitted speed limits for vehicles with trailers. In any case
the maximum speed should never exceed
100 km/h.
INSTALLING TOW HOOK
(fig. 3)
The chart shows the attachment points
for fixing the tow hook to the body.
These points must not be changed irrespective of the shape and size of the
hook. For mechanical connection the following must be used:
– “ISO 50” 2nd category ball hook
(CUNA Table NC 138-40)
– 2nd category ball eyelet model “CUNA 502” (CUNA Table NC 438-40)
IMPORTANT It is compulsory to fasten a label of suitable size and material
(clearly visible) at the height of the hook
ball with the wording:
Do not connect any
trailer ser vices (fan,
fridge, etc.) to the vehicle’s electrical system.
MAX. LOAD ON BALL 60 kg.
WARNING
After assembly, the fastening
screw
holes
should be sealed to prevent the infiltration of exhaust gas.
Apart from the electrical branches taken
off for the obligatory signalling devices,
the vehicle’s electrical system can only be
connected to the supply cable for an electric brake and to the cable for internal
light, though not above 15W, in the trailer.
The electric brake must be directly supplied by the battery through a cable with
a cross-section of over 2.5 mm2.
The tow hook structure must be fastened in the points shown by the symbol
with a total of 12 M10 screws.
Ø
The inner plate (1) should be at least 4
mm thick.
The side plates (2) should be at least 5
mm thick.
The fastening points (3) must be fitted
with a spacer with a 25 mm diameter
and 6 mm thickness.
ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS
The attachment for the trailer wiring
connections are to be applied to the tow
hook support in the most suitable position.
For the electrical connections a 13 pole,
12V connection must be used.
For vehicle-trailer electrical connections
contact Authorized Alfa Romeo Services.
153
592PGS
at load
Rear wheel axis
Sphere
Vehicle
centre line
2 M10 x 1.25 nuts
fig. 3
154
VEHICLE INACTIVITY
If the vehicle is to be left inactive for
long periods the following precautions
should be noted:
– House the vehicle under a cover in a
dry and possibly ventilated place.
– Engage a gear.
– Release the handbrake.
– Clean and protect the paintwork by
applying silicon wax.
– Cover the rubber windscreen wiper
blades with talcum powder and raise
them off the glass.
– Open the windows slightly.
– Cover the vehicle with a cloth or perforated plastic cover. Do not use compact
plastic covers which prevent the humidity
on the surface of the vehicle from evaporating.
– Inflate the tyres to a pressure of 0.5
bars above normal. If possible rest the
tyres on wooden planks and periodically
check the pressure.
– Switch off the alarm system (if fitted) with the remote control, then deactivate it with the emergency key.
– Disconnect the terminals from the
battery poles (negative pole first) and
check the battery charge. When the vehicle is in storage, this check should be carried out once a month. If the no-load voltage is less than 12.5V, recharge the battery.
REMOVING FROM STORAGE
Before using your vehicle after a long
period of inactivity the following operations should first be carried out:
– Do not dust the outside of the vehicle.
– Check the air cleaner and replace if
necessary.
– Check tyre pressure and ensure that
they are not damaged, cracked or cut. If
they are they must be replaced.
– Check the state of the drive belts in
the engine bay.
– Connect the cables of the battery after checking that the charge is adequate.
– Re-activate the alarm system, if fitted, using the emergency key.
– With the gear lever in neutral start
the engine and allow the engine to run
for a few seconds whilst repeatedly
pumping the clutch pedal.
– Visually check that there are no
leaks (oil, brake and clutch fluid, engine
coolant etc.).
– Replace the engine oil and filter.
– Check:
Gearbox-differential oil level
Brake-clutch fluid level
Level of engine coolant fluid.
155
WARNING
This operation must be
performed in the open.
The exhaust gases contain carbon
monoxide which are highly toxic
and lethal.
INSTALLATION
OF ELECTRIC/
ELECTRONIC DEVICES
RADIO TRANSMITTERS
AND CELLULAR
TELEPHONES
Electric/electronic devices installed after
buying the car or in aftermarket shall
bear the and marking:
Mobile phones and other radio transceiver equipment (e.g.: HAM radio systems and the like) shall not be used inside the car unless a separate aerial is
mounted.
– Check that the various devices (headlights, direction indicators etc.) are working
correctly.
IMPORTANT In order to perform
these operations correctly refer to the relative subjects in the chapter “Car maintenance”.
Fiat Auto S.p.A. authorizes the installation of transceivers provided that installation is carried out at a specialized shop,
workmanlike performed and in compliance with manufacturer's specifications.
IMPORTANT Installation of devices
resulting in modifications of car characteristics may cause driving license seizing by
traffic agents and also the lapse of the
warranty as concerns defects due to the
abovementioned modification or traceable
back to it directly or indirectly.
Fiat Auto S.p.A. declines all responsibility for damages caused by the installation
of non-genuine accessories or not recommended by Fiat Auto S.p.A. and installed
not in compliance with the specified requirements.
156
IMPORTANT The use of mobile
phones, HAM radio systems or other similar devices inside the passenger compartment (without separate aerial) may
cause electronic systems equipping the
car to malfunction. This could compromise
safety in addition to constituting a potential hazard for the passengers.
In addition, transmission and reception
of these devices may be affected by the
shielding effect of the car body.
As concerns the use of mobile phones
(GSM, GPRS, UMTS) with
homologation, keep strictly to the mobile phone manufacturer's specifications.
IN AN EMERGENCY
The following pages give indications necessary in the event of an
emergency.
The subjects dealt with take into account numerous minor problems which the driver may have to face and indicate the type of
intervention to be carried out. Contact Alfa Romeo Authorized Services for the more serious problems.
The following pages should therefore, be read through carefully
so that, if an emergency arises, you know where to search for the
relevant information.
IN THE EVENT OF A PUNCTURE ............................................................. page
IF ONE OF THE EXTERNAL LIGHTS GOES OUT ............................................
IF ONE OF THE INTERNAL LIGHTS GOES OUT .............................................
IN THE EVENT OF A BURNT FUSE OR RELAY ...............................................
IN THE EVENT OF A FLAT BATTERY ..................................................................
IF THE VEHICLE OR ANOTHER VEHICLE IS TO BE TOWED .......................
IF THE VEHICLE IS TO BE LIFTED .....................................................................
IN THE EVENT OF AN ACCIDENT ......................................................................
158
165
181
186
194
196
197
198
157
IN THE EVENT
OF A PUNCTURE
WARNING
Wheel changing and correct use of the jack and
spare wheel call for some precautions as mentioned below.
Signal the presence of the stationary vehicle according to current
regulations: hazard warning lights,
reflecting triangle, etc.
Any passengers should leave the
car, specially if the vehicle is heavily laden, and wait for the wheel
to be changed out of harm of the
traffic.
If parked on a slope or rough road,
place wedges or other suitable devices under the wheels to prevent
the car from rolling. Do not grease
the threads of bolts before installing them; they might slip out.
158
WARNING
The spare wheel is specific
to your model of car: do
not use it on another model or use
the spare wheel of other models on
your car. On cars fitted with tyres
215/55 R16 (*), 225/45 R17,
235/40 R18 and spare wheel with
tyre 215/55 R16 (*), since the
spare wheel is different from the
standard wheels, observe the instructions for use given below:
– The spare wheel should only be
used in an emergency.
– Use of the spare wheel should
be kept to a minimum. Do not
drive at speeds of over 80 km/h.
– The car will handle differently
when the spare wheel is fitted.
Avoid sudden acceleration or braking, sharp corners and fast bends.
– Check at regular intervals that
spare wheel pressure is equal to
2.7 bar (2.7 kg/cm2).
– Two or more spare wheels
should never be used together.
Have the wheel changed repaired
and refitted as soon as possible.
WARNING
On cars fitted with tyres
215/55 R16 (*), 225/
45 R17, 235/40 R18 and spare
wheel with tyre 215/55 R16 (*),
do not apply the wheel cap on the
spare wheel. The spare wheel has
an orange sticker with the main
cautions about use of the wheel itself and instructions for use.
The sticker must absolutely never
be removed or covered.
The sticker contains the following
instructions in four languages:
– WARNING! Only for temporary
use 80 km/h max!
– Replace with standard service
wheel as soon as possible.
– Do not cover these instructions.
The vehicle may fall if the jack is
not positioned correctly.
(*) Tyre 205/55 R16 for versions/markets where applicable.
WARNING
The jack only serves for
changing wheels on the
car with which it is provided or on
cars of the same model. It must not
be used for other purposes such as
for instance raising cars of other
models. In no case should it be used
for repairs under the vehicle.
Routinely check that the
pressure of tyres and spare wheel is as specified in the “Technical specifications” chapter. Raise the car only
laterally. The car must absolutely
never be raised placing the plate
of the workshop lift arm under
the aluminium crossmember of
the rear suspension.
To change a wheel proceed as follows:
– Stop the car in such a position that it
is not dangerous for the traffic where it is
possible to change the wheel safely.
Where possible, park on a level, compact
surface.
– Engage the handbrake
– Engage 1st gear or reverse. For cars
with automatic gearbox set the lever to
position P.
– Open the boot.
CHANGING A WHEEL
Please be informed that:
– The jack mass is 2.100 kg.
Absolutely never tamper with the inflation
valve. Do not insert
tools of any kind between the rim and the tyre.
– The jack requires no adjustment.
– The jack cannot be repaired, in the
event of breakage it must be replaced by
another original one.
– Fold forward the boot mat (Afig. 1).
– Slacken the ring nut (A-fig. 2) and
remove the spare wheel.
– Take the tool bag (A-fig. 3) and
bring it near to the wheel to be changed.
P4C00057
564PGSm
Do not use the jack for
higher capacities than
stated on its label.
– No tools other than its operating
crank can be fitted to the jack
fig. 1
159
– Remove the wheel cap (A-fig. 4)
(only for versions with steel rims) levering on the edge with the flat-tipped
screwdriver provided in the tool bag.
– Using the L-wrench (B-fig. 5) provided, loosen the fastening bolts (A) by
about one turn.
– Position the jack under the car next
to the wheel to be replaced (fig. 6):
Position 1: changing a rear wheel;
Position 2: changing a front wheel.
– Turn the knob (A-fig. 7) of the jack
to extend it until the pin (B), on the on
the upper part of the jack inserts correctly
in the seat on the body (C).
346PGSm
A0D0038m
– Fit the L-wrench (A-fig. 8) on the
jack pin (B).
– Work the jack and raise the car, until
the wheel is a few centimetres above
ground.
– Completely unscrew the fastening
bolts (A-fig. 9) and remove the wheel.
A0D0132m
fig. 4
A0D0144m
fig. 2
fig. 3
160
– Make sure the spare wheel is clean
and free of impurities on the hub contact
surface which could cause slackening of
the fastening bolts later.
fig. 5
– Install the spare wheel making the
hub pin (A-fig. 10) coincide with one
of the holes (B-fig. 11) of the wheel.
– Lower the car and remove the jack
(fig. 13).
A0D0040m
– Tighten the five fastening bolts (Afig. 12).
– Completely tighten the bolts in the sequence shown (fig. 14).
– On cars having the same alloy rims
as the spare wheel ones, wheel cap can
be fitted following the instructions given
in the following paragraph.
IMPORTANT Never fit the wheel cap
to the spare wheel if the spare wheel is
different from the standard one.
After refitting a wheel:
– Stow the spare wheel in the space
provided in the luggage compartment and
fasten it with the ring nut (A-fig. 2).
– Put jack and tools back in the bag and
stow it in the boot.
A0D0133m
A0D0041m
fig. 6
fig. 7
fig. 8
161
REFITTING A NORMAL WHEEL
Refit the wheel as described below:
– Stop the car in such a position that it
is not dangerous for the traffic where it is
possible to change the wheel safely.
Where possible, park on a level, compact
surface.
– Take the tool bag (A-fig. 3) and
the spare wheel and bring them near to
the wheel to be changed.
– Using the L-wrench (B-fig. 5) provided, loosen the fastening bolts (A) by
about one turn.
– Remove the wheel cap (A-fig. 4)
(if present) levering on the edge with the
flat-tipped screwdriver provided in the tool
bag.
– Position the jack under the car next
to the wheel to be replaced (fig. 6):
Position 1: changing a rear wheel;
Position 2: changing a front wheel.
– Engage the handbrake
392PGSm
– Engage 1st gear or reverse. For cars
with automatic gearbox set the lever to
position P.
– Turn the knob (A-fig. 7) of the jack
to extend it until the pin (B), on the on
the upper part of the jack inserts correctly
in the seat on the body (C).
– Fit the L-wrench (A-fig. 8) on the
jack pin (B).
– Open the boot.
– Fold back the boot mat (A-fig. 1).
fig. 9
162
fig. 11
A0D0135m
A0D0134m
1026PGSm
fig. 10
fig. 12
– Completely unscrew the fastening
bolts (A-fig. 16) and remove the
wheel.
– Screw the centering pin (A-fig. 18)
in one of the fastening bolt holes.
– Lower the car and remove the jack
(fig. 20).
– Push the wheel on the pin and fasten
it with four bolts.
– Completely tighten the bolts in the sequence shown (fig. 21).
– Remove the centering pin (A-fig. 19)
and screw the last fastening bolt.
– If present, fit the hub cap so that the
valve can come out through the tapered
hole. Press the edges of the hub cap starting from near the valve hole (Afig. 22) and proceeding round until it is
securely attached.
A0D0137m
– Make sure that the wheel to be installed is clean and free of impurities on
the hub contact surface which could cause
slackening of the fastening bolts later.
– Install the wheel making the hub pin
(A-fig. 10) coincide with one of the
holes (B-fig. 11) of the wheel.
After refitting a wheel:
– Tighten the five fastening bolts (Afig. 17).
– Stow the spare wheel in the space
provided in the luggage compartment and
fasten it with the ring nut (A-fig. 2).
fig. 13
A0D0138m
fig. 14
A0D0136m
For cars with alloy rims it is easier to insert the wheel bolts using the specific
centering pin.
IMPORTANT Incorrect fitting might
cause the wheel cap to come off when
the car is on the move.
fig. 15
A0D0139m
– Work the jack and raise the car, until
the wheel is a few centimetres above
ground.
fig. 16
163
164
A0D0052m
fig. 21
612PGSm
fig. 18
fig. 20
A0D0053m
fig. 17
A0D0141m
WARNING
Do not grease the threads
of bolts before installing
them; they might slip out.
The bolts should be tightened to a
torque of 86 Nm (8.8 kgm).
You are advised to have the wheel
bolt tightening checked by Alfa
Romeo Authorized Services as
soon as possible.
Indeed, insufficient tightening may
cause the wheel bolts to slacken
with the obvious dangerous consequences. Excessive tightening
can strain the bolts.
A0D0142m
A0D0140m
– Put jack and tools back in the bag
and stow it in the boot
fig. 19
fig. 22
IF ONE OF THE
EXTERNAL LIGHTS
GOES OUT
WARNING
Alterations or repairs to
the electric system not
carried out correctly and without
taking into account the specifications of the system may cause
malfunctioning and the risk of fire.
GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS
TYPES OF BULBS (fig. 23)
– When a light is not working check
that the corresponding fuse is intact before replacing the bulb.
Various types of bulbs are fitted to your
vehicle.
A. All glass bulbs
These are pressure-fitted. Pull to remove.
B. Bayonet type bulbs
Press the bulb, turn counter-clockwise to
remove this type of bulb from its holder
C. Tubular bulbs
Free them from their contacts to remove.
D. Halogen bulbs
To remove free it from the clip on its
seating.
– For the location of fuses, refer to the
paragraph “In the event of a burnt fuse”
in this chapter.
– Before changing a bulb check the
contacts for oxidation.
– Burnt bulbs must be replaced with
others of the same type and power.
– Always check the height of the headlight beam after changing a bulb to ensure they are safe.
3054CAm
3045CAm
IMPORTANT The headlight inner surface might be slightly misted: this should
not be considered irregular but a natural
phenomenon due to low temperature and
the air humidity level. Misting will disappear as soon as the headlights are turned
on. Drops inside the headlight mean water infiltration: contact Alfa Romeo Authorized Services.
fig. 23
165
Halogen bulbs must be
handled touching only
the metallic part. If the
transparent bulb is touched with
the fingers its lighting intensity
is reduced and the life of the bulb
may be compromised. If touched
accidentally, rub the bulb with a
cloth moistened with methylated
spirits and allow to dry.
Where possible the
bulbs should be replaced by Alfa Romeo
Authorized Services. The correct
operation and positioning of the
external lights are vital to the
safety of the vehicle and its passengers and the subject of specific laws.
WARNING
Halogen bulbs contain
pressurised gas, in the
case of breakage they may burst.
166
BULBS
TYPE
W
LOW BEAM/HIGH BEAM (GAS DISCHARGE HEADLIGHTS) D (D1)
35
HIGH BEAM HEADLAMP SIGNALLER
(GAS DISCHARGE HEADLIGHTS)
D (H1)
55
LOW BEAM (HALOGEN BULB HEADLIGHTS)
D (H7)
55
HIGH BEAM (HALOGEN BULB HEADLIGHTS)
D (H7)
55
FRONT SIDELIGHT
B (H6W)
FOG LAMPS
D (H3)
55
FRONT DIRECTION INDICATORS (COLOURED BULB)
B (PY21W)
21
SIDE DIRECTION INDICATORS
A (5W Amber)
REAR DIRECTION INDICATOR
non-replaceable LEDs
STOP/SIDE LIGHT
B (21/5W)
REVERSING LIGHT
B (P21W)
21
REAR FOG GUARD
B (P21W)
21
ADDITIONAL STOP LIGHT (3rd STOP)
A (W2.3W)
2.3
REAR SIDE LIGHT (ON BOOT LID)
B (R5W)
FRONT ROOF LIGHTS
B (10W Halogen)
10
BOOT LIGHT
C (10W)
10
GLOVEBOX AND DOOR LIGHTS
A (W5W)
5
SUN VISOR LIGHT
C (C5W)
5
NUMBER PLATE LIGHT
A (W5W)
5
REAR ROOF LIGHTS
B (HT5W Halogen)
5
6
5
21/5
5
FRONT LIGHT UNITS - GAS
DISCHARGE HEADLIGHTS
(optional for versions/markets where
applicable)
The front light units with gas discharge
headlights contain low beam/high beam
(gas discharge), high beam headlamp
signaller (halogen), sidelight and direction indicator bulbs.
WARNING
Any work on the front
light units should be carried out with the light switch at
position 0 (lights off) and with the
ignition key removed from the
switch: danger of electric discharge.
The bulbs are arranged inside the light
unit as follows (fig. 24-25):
A. Direction indicator
B. High beam headlamp signaller and
sidelight
C. Gas discharge low beam/high beam.
Xenon bulbs are very longlasting and
failure is highly unlikely.
WARNING
If necessary, have the
system checked and if
necessary repaired only by Authorized Alfa Romeo Services.
A0D0065m
The following paragraph describes how
to replace xenon bulbs correctly.
A0D0064m
fig. 24
Low beams/high beams
fig. 25
167
WARNING
Any work on the front
light units should be carried out with the light switch at
position 0 (lights off) and with the
ignition key removed from the
switch: danger of electric discharge.
To replace the bulb (Type D – D1,
35W):
– Remove the engine compartment cover after turning the fastening pins.
– Fit connector to new bulb.
– Release the clip (C- fig. 27).
– Remove the bulb (D- fig. 28) and
disconnect the snap-fitted connector (E).
– Fit the bulb in the headlight reflector
making the notch coincide with the corresponding groove.
– Lock the bulb with the clip.
– Fit the rubber cap.
Xenon bulbs may only
be touched on the metal
part. If the glass bulb is
touched by the fingers, clean it
carefully with a clean cloth
moistened with methylated spirit
and allow to dry before refitting
the bulb.
– Refit the engine compartment cover
and fasten turning the fastening pins.
fig. 26
168
A0D0058m
A0D0057m
A0D0056m
– Remove the rubber cap (A-fig. 26)
by pulling the tab (B).
fig. 27
fig. 28
To replace the bulb (Type D – H1,
55W):
– Disconnect the snap-fitted connector
(D- fig. 30) and release clip (E).
– Remove the bulb (F- fig. 31).
– Lock the bulb with the clip.
– Remove the engine compartment cover after turning the fastening pins.
– Fit the connector to the bulb.
– Fit the rubber cap.
– Turn counter-clockwise and remove
the direction indicator bulb holder (Afig. 29), without disconnecting the connector to widen the working space.
– Fit the direction indicator bulb holder
and lock it by turning it clockwise.
– Refit the engine compartment cover
and secure it by turning the fastening
pins.
A0D0060m
A0D0059m
– Remove the rubber cap (B) by
pulling the tab (C).
fig. 29
– Fit new bulb in the headlight reflector
making the notches coincide with the corresponding grooves.
fig. 30
A0D0061m
High beam headlamp signaller
fig. 31
169
To replace the bulb (Type B – H6W,
6W):
– Remove the engine compartment cover after turning the fastening pins.
– Press the two retaining tabs and remove the bulb holder (D- fig. 33).
– Remove the bulb (E- fig. 34) from
the bulb holder, pushing it slightly and
turning it counter-clockwise.
– Fit the rubber cap.
– Refit the engine compartment cover
and secure it by turning the fastening
pins.
A0D0062m
A0D0059m
– Remove the rubber cap (B) by
pulling the tab (C).
170
– Push the bulb holder down in its seat.
– Fit the direction indicator bulb holder
and lock it by turning it clockwise.
– Turn counter-clockwise and remove
the direction indicator bulb holder (Afig. 32) without disconnecting the connector to widen the working space.
fig. 32
– Fit the new bulb into the bulb holder,
pushing it slightly and turning it clockwise.
A0D0063m
Front sidelights
fig. 33
fig. 34
Front direction indicators
To replace the bulb (Type B – PY21W,
21W, coloured):
– Remove the engine compartment cover after turning the fastening pins.
– Turn counter-clockwise and remove
the bulb holder (A- fig. 35) without
disconnecting the connector.
– Fit the new bulb into the bulb holder,
pushing it slightly and turning it clockwise.
– Fit the bulb holder and lock it by turning it clockwise.
– Refit the engine compartment cover
and secure it by turning the fastening
pins.
– Remove the bulb (B- fig. 36) from
the bulb holder, pushing it slightly and
turning it counter-clockwise.
FRONT LIGHT UNITS –
HALOGEN BULB HEADLIGHTS
(optional for versions/markets where
applicable)
The front light units with halogen bulb
headlights contain low beam, high beam,
sidelight and direction indicator bulbs.
The bulbs are arranged inside the light
unit as follows (fig. 37-38):
A. Direction indicator
B. High beam headlight and sidelight
fig. 35
fig. 36
A0D0054m
A0D0071m
A0D0070m
C. Low beam headlight.
fig. 37
171
Low beam headlights
To replace the bulb (Type D – H7,
55W):
– Remove the engine compartment cover after turning the fastening pins.
– Remove the rubber cap (A- fig.
39) by pulling the tab (B).
– Fit the bulb in the headlight reflector
making the notch coincide with the corresponding groove.
– Refit the engine compartment cover
and secure it by turning the fastening
pins.
– Lock the bulb with the clip.
– Fit the connector to the new bulb.
– Fit the rubber cap.
A0D0073m
– Disconnect the snap-fitted connector
(C- fig. 40).
–- Release the clip (D).
– Remove the bulb (E- fig. 41).
fig. 38
172
A0D0074m
A0D0072m
A0D0036m
fig. 40
fig. 39
fig. 41
To replace the bulb (Type D – H7,
55W):
– Disconnect the snap-fitted connector
(D- fig. 43) and release the clip (E).
– Remove the bulb (F- fig. 44).
– Lock the bulb with the clip.
– Remove the engine compartment cover after turning the fastening pins.
– Fit the connector to the bulb.
– Fit the rubber cap.
– Turn counter-clockwise and remove
the direction indicator bulb holder (Afig. 42) without disconnecting the connector to widen the working space.
– Fit the direction indicator bulb holder
and lock it by turning it clockwise.
– Refit the engine compartment cover
and secure it by turning the fastening
pins.
A0D0076m
A0D0075m
– Remove the rubber cap (B) by
pulling the tab (C).
fig. 42
– Fit the new bulb in the headlight reflector making the notches coincide with
the corresponding grooves.
fig. 43
A0D0077m
High beam headlights
fig. 44
173
To replace the bulb (Type B – H6W,
6W):
– Remove the engine compartment cover after turning the fastening pins.
– Press the two retaining tabs and remove the bulb holder (D- fig. 46).
– Remove the bulb (E- fig. 47) from
the bulb holder, pushing it slightly and
turning it counter-clockwise.
– Fit the rubber cap.
– Refit the engine compartment cover
and secure it by turning the fastening
pins.
A0D0078m
A0D0075m
– Remove the rubber cap (B) by pulling
the tab (C).
174
– Push the bulb holder down in its seat.
– Fit the direction indicator bulb holder
and lock it by turning it clockwise.
– Turn counter-clockwise and remove
the direction indicator bulb holder (Afig. 45) without disconnecting the connector to widen the working space.
fig. 45
– Fit the new bulb into the bulb holder,
pushing it slightly and turning it clockwise.
A0D0079m
Front sidelights
fig. 46
fig. 47
To replace the bulb (Type B – PY21W,
21W, coloured):
– Remove the engine compartment cover after turning the fastening pins.
– Turn counter-clockwise and remove
the bulb holder (A- fig. 48), without
disconnecting the connector.
– Fit the new bulb into the bulb holder,
pushing it slightly and turning it clockwise.
– Fit the bulb holder and lock it by turning it clockwise.
– Refit the engine compartment cover
and secure it by turning the fastening
pins.
To replace the bulb (Type D - H3, 55W)
proceed under the car as follows:
– Disconnect the connector (A- fig.
50) from the light unit.
– Turn the cover (B) counter-clockwise
and remove it.
– Disconnect the connector (C- fig.
51) from the bulb.
– Remove the bulb (B- fig. 49) from
the bulb holder, pushing it slightly and
turning it counter-clockwise.
A0D0081m
– Release the clip and remove the bulb
(D- fig. 52).
A0D0080m
fig. 48
FRONT FOGLIGHTS
fig. 49
A0D0082m
Front direction indicators
fig. 50
175
– Fit the new bulb in the headlight reflector making the notches coincide with
the corresponding grooves.
IMPORTANT The screw (E- fig.
50) serves to adjust the beam of the
foglights.
– Lock the bulb with the clip.
– Fit the connector to the bulb.
– Refit the cover and lock it by turning
it clockwise.
To adjust the front foglights contact Alfa
Romeo Authorized Ser-
– Refit the light unit connector.
fig. 51
176
A0D0084m
A0D0083m
vices.
fig. 52
WARNING
The efficiency of the
lights will be decreased
and may inconvenience other road
users if the light units are not correctly adjusted. If in doubt contact
Alfa Romeo Authorized Services to
have them checked and adjusted if
necessary.
– Withdraw the bulb (E) which is of the
pressure-fitted type and replace it.
– Push the transparent cover (fig. 53)
towards the rear of the car to compress
the tab (A-fig. 54). Release the catch
(B) and remove the unit.
Refit the unit firstly inserting the catch
(B-fig. 54) on the front part and then
pressing the rear part until the catch (A)
clicks into place.
470PGSm
– Turn the bulb holder (C-fig. 55)
counter-clockwise and remove it from the
transparent cover (D).
– Insert the bulb-holder (C) in the
transparent cover (D).
fig. 53
Take care not to damage the bodywork or
the transparent cover
when removing the side direction
indicator unit.
471PGSm
To replace a bulb (Type A, 5W amber):
P4C00057
472PGSm
SIDE DIRECTION INDICATORS
fig. 54
fig. 55
177
GUARDS AND SIDELIGHTS
To replace the bulbs (Type B, 21W reversing light and rear fog guard, 5W sidelight):
– Open the boot.
– Lower the lid (A-fig. 56) of the
boot trim corresponding with the light
concerned and remove the bulb holder
unit (B-fig. 57) releasing the retainer
catch (C).
– Re-insert the bulb holder unit fastening it correctly in place using the retainer
catches (C-fig. 57).
– Shut the trim lid.
– Remove and replace the bulb concerned (spherical with bayonet coupling)
pushing gently and turning counter-clockwise (fig. 58):
(D) Reversing light bulb
(E) Rear fog guard bulb
fig. 56
178
fig. 57
607PGSm
606PGSm
P4C00057
611PGSm
(F) Sidelight bulb.
fig. 58
– Re-insert the bulb holder unit correctly
in place and fasten turning clockwise.
DIRECTION INDICATORS AND
SIDE LIGHTS/STOP LIGHTS
(fig. 59)
NUMBER PLATE LIGHTS
(fig. 60-61-62)
To replace the bulbs (Type A, 5W):
WARNING The rear direction indicators comprise leds integrated in the light
unit: should they fail to operate, contact
Authorized Alfa Romeo Services.
– Withdraw the number plate light unit
releasing the catch (A-fig. 60) using a
flat screwdriver protected with a soft
cloth.
To replace the bulb (Type B, sidelight
5W/stop light 21W):
481PGSm
– Withdraw the unit (B-fig. 61).
– Open the boot
– Remove the bulb holder (Afig. 59) turning counter-clockwise.
– Withdraw the bulb holder (Cfig. 62) turning gently and replace the
bulb (D) which is snap-fitted.
– Refit the bulb holder (C-fig. 62)
and the complete unit (B-fig. 61).
– Remove and replace the bulb (B)
(spherical type with bayonet coupling)
pushing gently and turning counter-clockwise.
fig. 59
fig. 61
483PGSm
482PGSm
480PGSm
fig. 60
fig. 62
179
ADDITIONAL STOP LIGHT
(3rd STOP)
– Slacken the two screws fastening the
light unit (B-fig. 64) and remove it releasing the two catches (C).
– Slacken the two screws (E-fig. 65)
and separate the light unit from the cover.
484PGSm
– Remove the rubber caps (Afig. 63).
– Disconnect the connector (Dfig. 64) of the light unit.
486PGSm
To replace the bulbs (Type A, 2.3 W):
– Slacken the four screws (F-fig. 66)
fastening the transparent cover.
– Remove the transparent cover (Gfig. 67) and replace the bulb concerned
– Refit the transparent cover locking it
with the screws (F-fig. 66).
– Refit the cover on the light unit and
fasten it with the screws (E-fig. 65).
– Connect the connector (D-fig. 64).
– Re-position the unit correctly firstly inserting the two catches (C-fig. 64) and
then tightening the fastening screws.
– Refit the protective caps (Afig. 63).
fig. 64
180
fig. 66
488PGSm
487PGSm
fig. 65
485PGSm
fig. 63
fig. 67
IF ONE OF THE
INTERNAL LIGHTS
GOES OUT
– Refit the screen (B-fig. 69), firstly
inserting the left side under the two stoppers then on the right side until the catch
clicks. (C-fig. 69).
FRONT ROOF LIGHT
– Refit the roof light firstly inserting the
front part, then pressing in the rear part
to fit it in place.
To replace the bulbs (Type B, 10W Halogen):
When refitting the roof
light ensure that the
electrical wiring is correctly arranged and does not interfere with the edges of the
light or retaining clips.
– Remove the roof light (A-fig. 68)
levering in the point illustrated.
– Remove the screen (B-fig. 69)
firstly releasing it from the catch (C) on
the right and then from the two stoppers
on the left.
fig. 68
fig. 69
607PGSm
631PGSm
632PGSm
– Remove and replace the bulb concerned (D-fig. 70) (tubular with bayonet coupling), pushing gently and turning
counter-clockwise.
fig. 70
181
fig. 71
182
– Remove the light (A-fig. 73) levering in the point illustrated.
– Refit the roof light firstly hooking the
catch (C-fig. 72) and pressing on the
other side until the catch clicks into place
(D-fig. 72).
492PGSm
– Remove the roof light (A-fig. 71)
levering in the point illustrated.
COURTESY LIGHTS
To replace the bulb (Type C, 5W):
fig. 72
494PGSm
To replace the bulbs (Type B, 5W):
– Remove and replace the bulb (B-fig.
72) (tubular with bayonet coupling)
pushing gently and turning counter-clockwise.
493PGSm
REAR ROOF LIGHTS
fig. 73
– Remove the screen (B-fig. 74) releasing it from the catches (C-fig. 74)
– Remove the bulb (D-fig. 75)
pulling outwards and releasing from the
side contacts.
– Refit the light unit firstly inserting
from the side (E-fig. 75) and then
pressing on the other side until the catch
clicks into place (F-fig. 75).
GLOVEBOX LIGHT
To replace the bulb (Type A, 5W):
– Remove the light pushing with a
screwdriver on the tab (A-fig. 76)
– Press the sides of the bulb screen (Bfig. 77) in correspondence with the two
fastening pins and turn it.
– Insert the new bulb making sure that
it is positioned correctly and locked between the contacts.
fig. 74
P4C00057
630PGSm
496PGSm
495PGSm
– Refit the screen (B-fig. 74) inserting it correctly between the catches (Cfig. 74).
fig. 75
fig. 76
183
To replace the bulb (Type A, 5W):
– Remove the light pushing with a
screwdriver on the tab (A-fig. 78).
– Press on the side of the screen (Bfig. 79) in correspondence with the two
fastening pins and turn it.
629PGSm
– Re-install the light inserting it in the
correct position firstly on one side (Dfig. 76) and then pushing on the other
until the tab clicks.
fig. 77
184
– Change the bulb (C-fig. 79) which
is pressure-fitted.
– Re-position the screen inserting the
two fastening pins.
– Re-install the light inserting it firstly
on one side (D-fig. 78) and then pushing on the other until the tab clicks.
fig. 78
502PGSm
628PGS
– Re-position the screen inserting the
two fastening pins.
DOOR LIGHTS
627PGSm
– Change the bulb (C-fig. 77) which
is pressure-fitted.
fig. 79
– Lift the protection cover (B- fig.
81).
A0D0085m
– Remove the light levering on point
(A- fig. 80) with a screwdriver.
– Remove the snap-fitted bulb (C- fig.
82).
fig. 80
– Lower the protection cover.
– Refit the light by locking it in its seat.
A0D0086m
To replace the bulb (Type C, 10W):
– Fit the new bulb locking it between
the two contacts.
fig. 81
A0D0087m
LUGGAGE COMPARTMENT
LIGHT
fig. 82
185
IN THE EVENT OF
A BURNT FUSE
OR RELAY
Never replace a damaged fuse with anything
other than an intact
fuse.
GENERALITIES (fig. 83)
When an electric device is no longer
working, check that its fuse is intact.
A - Intact fuse
B - Fuse with damaged filament.
Remove the fuse to be replaced using
the pincer (C) on the fusebox.
3290CAm
Replace the fuse with another of the
same rating and colour.
fig. 83
186
Before replacing a fuse
check that the key has
been removed from the
ignition and that all the services
are switched off and/or disengaged.
WARNING
Never replace a fuse
with another with a
higher amp rating, DANGER OF
WARNING
If a fuse blows again contact Alfa Romeo Authorized Services. The systems and devices protected by fuses are in
listed in the tables on next pages.
Access to it is gained slackening the
knob (A-fig. 84) and lowering the panel (B).
fig. 84
A - Switch discharge relay
B - Headlight washer timer.
The systems and devices protected by
fuses are in listed in the tables on next
pages.
511aPGSm
The graphic symbols which distinguish
the main electric component corresponding to each fuse are given on a label on
the inner wall of the panel.
At the sides of the control unit there are
some spare fuses (C-fig. 86); after replacing a fuse you are advised to replenish the stock of fuses when they are
used.
The circuits operated by relays are the
following (fig. 86):
A0D0145m
The fuses for the main devices are
housed in a control unit under the dashboard, to the left of the steering column.
In the upper part of the control unit
there is a pincer (C-fig. 85) for removing fuses.
511bPGSm
FUSES AND RELAYS IN THE
CONTROL UNIT
fig. 85
fig. 86
187
FUSES AND RELAYS IN
ENGINE BAY
The fuses and relays in the engine bay
are housed:
– In a box set next to the left side panel (fig. 88).
To gain access to the box, remove the
cover (A-fig. 87), releasing it from the
retaining clips.
The devices protected by the fuses in
the engine bay are listed in the tables on
next pages.
IMPORTANT The arrangement of the
relays may vary depending on the versions and markets. In the event of a suspected anomaly, contact Alfa Romeo Authorized Services.
fig. 87
188
A0D0094m
A0D0093m
A0D0095m
– On a bracket set behind the left
headlight (fig. 91).
fig. 88
fig. 89
Circuits operated by relays are the following (fig. 89):
A. Dipped beam headlight
B. Climate control fan
C. Horn
D. Front fog light
F.. Petrol versions (single fan): engine
cooling radiator (high speed)
JTD versions (two-fan): engine cooling
radiator (high speed)
Circuits operated by relays are the following (fig. 91):
L. Fuel pump
M. Electronic injection main relay
– Brown base relay: additional heater
(JTD versions)
N. Starter motor
P. Diesel filter warming (JTD versions)
JTD versions (two-fan): engine cooling
radiator (low speed)
– Black base relay: engine cooling radiator relay, high speed (JTD versions).
To gain access to relays on the bracket
set behind the left headlight (fig. 91),
remove the cover (A-fig. 90) after
turning the fastening pins (B).
G. Conditioner compressor
H. Petrol versions: engine cooling radiator (low speed)
A0D0096m
A0D0110m
JTD versions (two-fan): engine cooling
radiator (high speed)
fig. 90
fig. 91
189
FUSES AND RELAYS IN THE
BOOT
Fuses and relays are housed in the
right-hand side of the boot are housed in
a box, in the recess closed by cover (Afig. 92).
IMPORTANT The arrangement of the
relays may vary depending on the versions and markets. In the event of a suspected anomaly, contact Alfa Romeo Authorized Services.
Circuits operated by relays are the following (fig. 93):
A. Air mixing actuator, climate control
unit, additional heater control (JTD versions)
B. Rearscreen heating relay
To open the cover turn the knob (B).
A0D0097m
The devices protected by the fuses in
the boot are listed in the tables on next
pages.
C. Seat warming control, electrochromic driving mirror, sun visor light,
rain sensor, parking sensor control unit,
door mirror control light, remote control
receiver, alarm system control unit, driver's power window control LOCK warning light
D. Windscreen heating, door mirror defrosting
E. Front seat warming, rear current
socket, front seat electric adjustment,
powered sunroof
fig. 92
190
518PGS
A0D0111m
F. Direction indicators, trailer presetting
fig. 93
External lights
Fuse no.
Ampere
Location
Brake lights (switch)
9
1
5A
15A
fig. 86
fig. 86
Direction indicators
12
10A
fig. 93
External lights (control)
5
10A
Front fog lights
16
Headlights and headlight position
sensor (gas discharge headlights)
6
Fuse no.
Ampere
Location
ABI control unit
13
10A
fig. 86
ABI control unit – Central locking
19
20A
fig. 93
fig. 86
ABI control unit – Front LH power window
18
20A
fig. 93
15A
fig. 89
ABI control unit – Front RH power window
3
20A
fig. 93
7.5A
fig. 86
ABI control unit – Rear LH power window
14
20A
fig. 93
ABI control unit – Rear RH power window
17
20A
fig. 93
ABS control unit
9
7
3
5A
40A
40A
fig. 86
fig. 89
fig. 89
Additional heater (JTD versions)
17
13
20A
10A
fig. 89
fig. 93
Alarm system (control unit)
12
15
10A
10A
fig. 93
fig. 93
Alfa Romeo Code System
20
16
5A
5A
fig. 86
fig. 86
Cell phone (handset)
18
5
5A
10A
fig. 86
fig. 86
Central locking (ABI control unit)
19
20A
fig. 93
IGE control unit:
- brake light switch
- brake lights
- headlight spot
- left side lights
- rear light units
- right side lights
1
9
11
17
15
8
15A
5A
15A
10A
10A
10A
fig. 86
fig. 86
fig. 86
fig. 86
fig. 86
fig. 86
Left dipped beam headlight
12
15A
fig. 89
System/Component
Reversing lights (only versions with
manual gearbox)
13
10A
fig. 86
Right dipped beam headlight
10
15A
fig. 89
Fuse no.
Ampere
Location
Dashboard light dimmer
5
10A
fig. 86
Door mirror control light
15
10A
fig. 93
Glovebox light
5
10A
fig. 86
Cigar lighter
7
20A
fig. 86
Seat warming control light
15
10A
fig. 93
Climate control fan
2
30A
fig. 89
Sun visor lights
15
10A
fig. 93
Climate control unit
19
5A
fig. 86
Internal lights
191
System/Component
Fuse no.
Ampere
Location
Conditioner compressor
13
7.5A
fig. 89
Cruise Control
5
10A
Diesel fuel filter warming
(JTD versions)
23
5
Door mirror defrosting
Fuse no.
Ampere
Location
Engine cooling radiator fan
5
40A
fig. 89
fig. 86
EOBD system (socket)
18
5A
fig. 86
30A
40A
fig. 89
fig. 89
Front LH power window
(ABI control unit)
18
20A
fig. 93
2
7.5A
fig. 93
Front RH power window
(ABI control unit)
3
20A
fig. 93
Electrochromic driving mirror
15
10A
fig. 93
Front LH seat electric adjustment
6
30A
fig. 93
Electronic injection control unit
20
21
22
10A
15A
20A
fig. 89
fig. 89
fig. 89
Front RH seat electric adjustment
5
30A
fig. 93
Front LH seat warming
9
10A
fig. 93
Electronic injection system
16
5A
fig. 86
Front RH seat warming
8
10A
fig. 93
Engine control unit
18
7.5A
fig. 89
Fuel pump
19
15A
fig. 89
Engine cooling control unit
16
5A
fig. 86
Engine cooling radiator fan
4
60A
fig. 89
Fuel pump relay coil
(engine bay box)
16
5A
fig. 86
Glow plug (JTD versions)
8
60A
fig. 89
Headlight washer (intermittent)
12
20A
fig. 86
Horns
11
15A
fig. 89
I.C.S. system
5
6
7
18
10A
7.5A
20A
5A
fig. 86
fig. 86
fig. 86
fig. 86
Instrument panel
6
18
7.5A
5A
fig. 86
fig. 86
192
System/Component
System/Component
Fuse no.
Ampere
Location
Navigator
18
5A
fig. 86
Parking sensors (control unit)
15
10A
fig. 93
Power windows (driver's control
LOCK warning light)
15
10A
fig. 93
Powered sunroof
10
20A
Presetting
4
11
Rain sensor
System/Component
Fuse no.
Ampere
Location
Rearscreen heating
1
30A
fig. 93
Relay coil T21, T22, T23 (boot box)
3
5A
fig. 86
Relay coil T24 (boot box)
5
10A
fig. 86
Remote control receiver
15
10A
fig. 93
fig. 93
Sound amplifier
20
25A
fig. 93
–
–
fig. 93
fig. 93
Sound system
4
15A
fig. 86
Sound system controls on steering wheel
5
10A
fig. 86
15
10A
fig. 93
Starter motor
1
30A
fig. 89
Rear current socket
16
20A
fig. 93
Trailer presetting
12
10A
fig. 93
Rear LH power window (ABI control unit)
14
20A
fig. 93
Windscreen heating
7
15A
fig. 93
Rear RH power window (ABI control unit)
17
20A
fig. 93
Windscreen wiper
14
25A
fig. 86
193
IN THE EVENT
OF A FLAT BATTERY
to reach the battery. Just rotate the key
wider simultaneously pressing on the bonnet edge by the hand.
STARTING WITH AN
AUXILIARY BATTERY
IMPORTANT Apply a moderate pressure only on the bonnet edge, immediately above the lock.
If the battery is flat, it is possible to start the
engine using an auxiliary battery (B-fig.
96) with the same electrical characteristics
as the original battery (A-fig. 96) (see
chapter “Technical specifications”).
On versions without navigation system and
without CD player, access to the battery is
gained by slackening the knob (A-fig. 94)
and removing the battery cover.
Starting with an auxiliary battery does
not damages the Alfa Romeo CODE system and must be carried out as follows:
– Connect another jump lead to the
negative terminals (2) of both batteries
(– sign next to the terminal).
– Start the engine.
– When the engine has started, remove
the cables reversing the sequence described for connecting them.
– If after a few attempts, the engine
fails to start, do not insist pointlessly and
contact the nearest Authorized Alfa
Romeo Services.
3052CAm
341PGSm
If the battery is low, the servocontrol
operating when the luggage compartment opens from inside or by the key
does not work. However, it is always possible to open the luggage compartment
– Connect a jump lead to the positive
terminals (1-fig. 96) of the two batteries (+ sign next to the terminal).
A0D0107m
The battery is housed on the left-hand
side of the boot, protected by a cover.
On versions with navigation system and
/or CD player, access to the battery is
gained by slackening the knobs (A-fig.
95) and removing the cover (B).
– Switch off all the not strictly necessary electric devices.
A
B
fig. 94
194
fig. 95
fig. 96
At the end of the operation refit the battery cover.
IMPORTANT If the battery was completely drained, it may be necessary to
carry out the Alfa Romeo I.C.S. “selfteaching” operation as follows:
– Let the engine idle to allow the battery to recharge and make sure it will
start next time.
– Switch the engine off.
– Turn the ignition key to MAR and
leave it in this position for 30 seconds to
1 minute, then turn it to STOP for about
5 to 10 seconds, after which the engine
can be started.
WARNING
This starting procedure
must be carried out by
qualified personnel as incorrect operations may provoke electrical
discharge of great intensity. The
liquid contained in the battery is
toxic and corrosive. Avoid contact
with skin and eyes.
Keep naked flame, and lighted cigarettes away from the battery. Do
not cause sparks.
To avoid damaging the
vehicle’s electrical system follow the manufacturer’s system instructions accompanying the jump leads. The
jump leads must be of a sufficient cross-section and long
enough to ensure that the two
vehicles do not touch.
Never use a quick battery charger to start
the engine in an emergency as this could damage the
electronic systems of your vehicle, particularly the control units
which manage the starting and
supply functions.
The batter y terminal
connecting and disconnecting operations generate current that may cause
problems to the car’s electronic
systems. Therefore, this operation should be carried out by
skilled personnel.
195
To install the tow ring, proceed as follows:
– Take the tow ring from the tool container.
Towing the vehicle (fig. 97)
The rings for towing the vehicle are
housed in the right and left lower part of
the underbody.
Towing another vehicle
(fig. 98-99)
– Remove the cover (A-fig. 98) snap-fitted on the rear bumper as follows:
WARNING
Make sure that the tow
ring is firmly tightened (it
must be turned about 8 times in its
threaded housing); carefully clean
the threaded housing before tightening the ring.
A0D0089m
A0D0088m
448PGS
196
– Firmly screw the ring (B-fig. 99) in
its housing.
Take the screwdriver from the tool container in the boot, under the trim.
The tow ring supplied with the vehicle is
housed in the tool container under the
boot mat.
fig. 97
Using the flat bladed side protected with
a soft cloth, insert the screwdriver on the
upper part of the cap and press gently to
prise the catch from its housing.
A0D0090m
IF THE VEHICLE
IS TO BE TOWED
fig. 98
fig. 99
WARNING
Before beginning to tow
the car, turn the ignition
key to MAR and then to STOP, do
not remove it. Removing the key
automatically engages the steering
lock resulting in the impossibility
to steer the wheels. When towing
remember that without the help of
the servobrake and power steering, it is necessary to exert more
effort on the brake pedal and for
steering. Do not use flexible cables
for towing and avoid jerks. During
towing operations make sure that
fastening the joint to the car does
not damage the components in
contact with it. When towing the
car it is compulsory to comply with
the specific traffic regulations concerning both the towing device and
behaviour on the road.
IF THE VEHICLE
IS TO BE LIFTED
USING THE JACK
See paragraph “In the event of a puncture” of this chapter.
You are informed that.
– the jack mass is 2.100 kg;
WARNING
The purpose of the jack is
only for replacing wheels
on the car with which it is provided
or on cars of the same model. It
must never be used for other purposes such as for example raising
cars of other models. In no case
must it be used for repairs under
the car.
– the jack requires no adjustment;
– the jack cannot be repaired and in
case of breakage it must be replaced by
another original one.
– no tool other than its cranking lever
may be installed on the jack.
WARNING
The car may fall if the
jack is not positioned correctly. Never use the jack for
higher capacities than the one
stated on its label.
197
USING AN ARM LIFT OR
WORKSHOP LIFT
The vehicle must only be lifted laterally
positioning the ends of the arms or the
workshop lift in the areas (1-2) illustrated, approx. 30 cm from the profile of the
wheelhouse (fig. 100).
The car is to be lifted
positioning the jack or
the workshop lift arm
plate only in the points shown
(1-2 fig. 100).
IN THE EVENT
OF AN ACCIDENT
Between the lift plate and the
body interpose a rubber pad
with a maximum size of 60x60
mm and maximum thickness of
30 mm. The pad should insert in
the special recess on the under
door panel, without interfering
with it.
– If you are not directly involved, stop
at a distance of at least ten metres from
the accident.
– It is important to keep calm.
– On the motorway stop without obstructing the emergency lane.
– Turn off the engine and switch on the
hazard warning lights.
– At night, light the place of the accident with your headlights.
A0D0040m
– Take care not to put yourself in danger of being run over.
– Signal the accident placing the reflecting triangle plainly in view at the regulation distance.
– Call the rescue organisation giving information as exact as possible. On motorways use the special call boxes.
– In motorway pileups, especially with
poor visibility, the risk exists of being involved in other crashes. Leave the vehicle immediately and go over the guard
rail.
fig. 100
198
– If the doors are blocked, do not try to
get out of the car breaking the windscreen which is stratified. The windows
and rearscreen can easily be broken.
– Remove the ignition key from the vehicles involved.
– If you smell fuel or other chemical
products, do not smoke and stub cigarettes.
– To put our even small fires use the extinguisher, blankets, sand, earth. Never
use water.
IF THERE ARE INJURED
PERSONS
– Never abandon an injured person.
Persons not directly involved in an accident are obliged to give their help.
FIRST AID KIT
In addition to the first-aid kit, it is also
wise to keep an extinguisher and a blanket in the car.
– Do not crowd around injured people.
– Reassure an injured person that help
is on the way, stay near to cope with any
panic.
– Release or cut the seat belts of injured persons.
– Do not give injured persons to drink.
– An injured person should never be
moved, except in the cases listed below.
– Remove an injured person from the
vehicle only in danger of fire, sinking or
falling.
– When removing an injured person: do
not pull the limbs or bend the head and
keep the body as horizontal as possible.
199
CAR MAINTENANCE
The best way to preserve the performance and safety characteristics of your vehicle is to have it periodically inspected and maintained.
It may often be necessary to perform the maintenance operations marked with the symbol illustrated previously in order to
avoid invalidation of the warranty cover.
The following pages contain the Programmed Maintenance Schedule and describe the most common checks and inspections which
are fundamental to a correct maintenance schedule.
These operations should be carried out at the intervals indicated in
the Programmed Maintenance Schedule.
PROGRAMMED MAINTENANCE .............................................................. page
PROGRAMMED MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE....................................................
ANNUAL INSPECTION PLAN ..............................................................................
CHECKING LEVELS ................................................................................................
AIR CLEANER ...........................................................................................................
DIESEL FILTER .........................................................................................................
DUST/POLLEN FILTER...........................................................................................
BATTERY ....................................................................................................................
ELECTRONIC CONTROL UNITS............................................................................
SPARK PLUGS..........................................................................................................
WINDSCREEN WIPER BLADES ............................................................................
SPRAY JETS ..............................................................................................................
BODYWORK .............................................................................................................
INTERIOR FITTINGS ...............................................................................................
202
204
206
209
218
219
219
219
223
224
224
225
225
228
201
PROGRAMMED
MAINTENANCE
PRECAUTIONS
Many moving parts, high voltage cables
and parts that reach high temperatures
which may cause serious injury to unqualified persons are located in the engine
compartment.
WARNING
The jack with which the
vehicle is fitted must only be used when changing a wheel.
All other operations where the vehicle must be lifted require the use
of specific procedures and should
be carried out by Alfa Romeo Authorized Services.
The following precautions should therefore be taken:
– Switch off the engine and wait until
it cools.
– Be particularly cautious when working near the engine cooling fan as this
may cut in unexpectedly on the basis of
the engine coolant temperature.
– Do not smoke or use naked flame.
– Always keep a fire extinguisher to
hand.
– Do not use the jack supplied with the
car for checking underneath it.
202
Vehicle maintenance
should be entrusted to
an Alfa Romeo Authorized Service. For interventions of
routine maintenance and small
repairs you wish to carry out
your-self, make sure you always
have the proper equipment, genuine Alfa Romeo spare parts and
the necessary liquids; do not,
however, carry out these operations if you have no experience.
WARNING
Ensure that scarves, ties
and loose clothing cannot
get caught by moving parts.
WARNING
DANGER-SERIOUS INJURY. When carrying out
checks or maintenance operations
in the engine compartment, take
special care not to bump the head
on the raised bonnet.
WARNING
Never smoke when
working in the engine
compartment: inflammable gas and
vapours may be present which constitute a fire hazard.
If the car is frequently
used for towing trailers,
the interval between
programmed maintenance operations should be reduced.
GENERALITIES
Perfect performance and the life of every car are strictly connected with correct
use of it, but above all on the care with
which routine maintenance operations are
carried out for which new programming
criteria have been adopted owing to product development.
The mileage for programmed maintenance coupons is 20,000 km.
Warning, when topping
up never confuse the
various types of fluids
which are incompatible and could
seriously damage the vehicle.
It is however wise to remember that the
car still needs routine care such as for instance checking and topping up the
fluids, checking the tyre pressure, etc.
It is possible to ask the Alfa Romeo Organisation for an estimate of the cost of
service coupon operations.
IMPORTANT You are advised to contact Alfa Romeo Authorized Services in
the event of any minor operating faults,
without waiting for the next service coupon.
IMPORTANT The programmed maintenance coupons are specified by the
Manufacturer. The failure to have them
carried out may invalidate the warranty.
Correct vehicle maintenance is surely
the best way to preserve its performance
levels, safety and environment protection
features and low running costs over the
years.
Also remember that strictly observing
the maintenance instructions given in this
Handbook marked by the symbol —
can be a necessary condition for the guarantee.
203
PROGRAMMED MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
thousands of kilometres
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
Check tyre conditions/wear and adjust pressure if required
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Check light system operation (headlights, direction indicators, hazard lights, boot lights,
passenger compartment lights, glovebox lights, warning lights, etc.)
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Check windscreen wiper/washer operation, adjust nozzles if required
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Check windscreen/rear window blade position/wear
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Check front disk brake pad conditions and wear and wear indicator operation
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Check rear disk brake pad conditions and wear
●
●
●
Sight inspect the conditions of: body external parts, underbody protection, pipes and hoses
(exhaust - fuel - brakes), rubber parts (boots, sleeves, bushes, etc.)
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Check cleanness of locks, bonnet and boot and lever cleanness and lubrication
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Check condition of timing drive belt
●
●
Sight check for conditions of Poly-V accessory drive belt
●
●
Check and adjust handbrake lever stroke
●
●
●
●
Check engine exhaust emissions (petrol versions)
●
●
●
●
Check exhaust emissions/smoke (diesel versions)
●
●
●
●
Check antievaporation system (petrol versions)
204
●
●
thousands of kilometres
Change fuel filter (diesel versions)
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Change air cleaner cartridge (petrol versions)
Change air cleaner cartridge (diesel versions)
Check and top up, if required, fluid levels (brakes/hydraulic clutch, power steering,
windscreen washer, battery, engine coolant, etc.)
•
Replacement of timing gear drive belt (*) and Poly-V accessory drive belt
•
Replacement of spark plugs (petrol versions)
•
Check operation of engine control systems (through diagnostics socket)
Check manual gearbox and differential oil level (petrol versions)
Change engine oil and oil filter
•
•
•
•
Change brake fluid (or every 24 months)
Check dust/pollen filter
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
(*) Or every 4 years in harsh conditions (cold climates, stop and go city traffic).
Or every 5 years, regardless of the mileage.
205
ANNUAL INSPECTION
PLAN
– Sight inspect the conditions of: engine, gearbox, transmission, pipes and
hoses (exhaust - fuel - brakes), rubber
parts (boots, sleeves, bushes, etc.).
An annual inspection plan has
been established for cars that cover less than 20,000 km a year
(e.g. 10,000 km). It consists of
the following:
– Check for bonnet and boot lock cleanness, lever cleanness and lubrication.
– Checking the condition/wear of tyres,
and adjusting pressure (including the compact spare wheel, where applicable).
– Checking the lighting system (headlights, turn indicators, hazard warning
lights, boot light, passenger compartment, warning lights of instrument panel,
etc.).
– Checking the working order of the
windscreen wiper-washer and adjusting
the nozzles.
– Checking the positioning/wear of the
windscreen wipers.
– Checking the condition and wear of
the front brake pad.
– Visually checking the condition of the
belts and various controls.
206
– Check battery charge and fluid level
(electrolyte).
– Checking and topping up, if necessary, the level of liquids (coolant, brake
fluid, windscreen washer fluid, battery
etc.).
– Change engine oil and oil filter, if required.
– Check and replace pollen filter, if required.
– Check and replace air cleaner, if required.
ADDITIONAL OPERATIONS
Every 1000 km or before long journeys check and if necessary top up:
– the engine coolant fluid level
– brake fluid/hydraulic clutch control
fluid level
– power steering fluid level
– windscreen washer and headlamp
washer fluid level
– tyre pressure and conditions.
– check light system operation (headlights, direction indicators, hazard lights,
etc.).
– check windscreen wiper/washer operation and windscreen/rear window
blade position/wear.
Every 3000 km check the level of
the engine oil and top up if necessary.
Every 5000 km (only for fuel oil engines): drain the condensation water
from the filter. You are recommended to
use products of the FL Selenia, designed and developed expressly for Alfa
Romeo cars (see the table “Fluids and lubricants” in the Technical specifications”
chapter).
IMPORTANT - Engine oil
IMPORTANT - Fuel oil filter
IMPORTANT - Batteries
Change the engine oil more frequently
than stated in the Scheduled Maintenance Programme if the car is used prevailingly in one of the following particularly harsh conditions:
The variety of the degree of purity of
the fuel oil in commerce may make it
necessary to change the fuel oil filter
more frequently than stated in the Scheduled Maintenance Programme. If the engine is “sobbing” it is a sign that the filter needs changing.
You are recommended to have the battery charge conditions checked, preferably at the onset of winter, to avoid the
possibility of freezing the electrolyte.
– trailer or caravan towing
– dusty roads
– short, repeated journeys (less than 78 km) with an outside temperature of below freezing point.
– engine idling frequently or driving
long distances at low speed (e.g. taxi or
door-to-door deliveries) or in the case of
prolonged inactivity.
IMPORTANT - Air cleaner
Using the car on dusty roads, change
the air cleaner more frequently than stated in the Scheduled Maintenance Programme.
For any doubts about the intervals between engine oil and air cleaner changes
in relation to how the car is used, contact
Authorised Alfa Romeo Services.
IMPORTANT - Pollen filter
If the car is used frequently in dusty or
heavily polluted environments, you are
recommended to change the activated
carbon filtering element more frequently;
in particular, it should be changed if a
lower flow of air admitted to the passenger compartment is noted.
This check should be carried out more
frequently if the car is used prevailingly
for short journeys, or if it is fitted with
services that absorb high amounts of current permanently with the ignition key
off, especially if installed in the after market.
In the case of use of the car in hot climates or particularly harsh conditions, it
is wise to check the level of the battery
fluid (electrolyte) at more frequent intervals than stated in the Scheduled Maintenance Programme.
IMPORTANT - Remote control
If when pressing the remote control button of the key, the operating led on the
key flashes briefly only once, the battery
need replacing with other of the same
type.
207
WARNING
Never smoke during
work in the engine compartment: there is the possibility
of inflammable gas and vapours
with the risk of fire.
When topping up take
care not to confuse the
various types of fluids:
they are all incompatible and
could seriously damage the car.
If the vehicle is frequently used for towing
trailers, the interval between one programmed maintenance and the next should be reduced.
208
Vehicle maintenance
should be entrusted to
the Alfa Romeo Service
Network. For ordinary and minor
operations you can do yourself,
always make sure you have adequate tools, original Alfa Romeo
spares and the correct fluids. Do
not carry out these operations if
you have no experience.
CHECKING LEVELS
3.2 V6 24V version
k
n
1) engine oil
4) engine coolant
fluid
π
2) brake and
clutch fluid
∂
+
5) power steering
fluid
3) windscreen
washer fluid
A0D0099m
fig. 1
209
JTD 20V Multijet version
k
n
1) engine oil
4) engine coolant
fluid
π
2) brake and
clutch fluid
∂
+
5) power steering
fluid
3) windscreen
washer fluid
A0D0112m
fig. 2
210
IMPORTANT When changing the engine oil and filter, checking and changing
the gearbox and differential oil, this protection should be removed. This operation
should be carried out by Alfa Romeo Authorized Services.
Fig. 3: 3.2 V6 24V version
Fig. 4: JTD 20V Multijet version
The engine oil level should be checked
when the vehicle is standing on a level
surface a few minutes (about 5) after the
engine has been switched off.
Remove the dipstick (A), clean it, then
re-insert it completely, remove it once again
and check that the level is between the
MIN and MAX marks on the dipstick.
Max. engine oil consumption is usually
400 grams every 1000 km.
When the car is new, the engine needs
to run in, therefore the engine oil consumption can only be considered stabilised after the first 5000-6000 km.
A0D0113m
The car is fitted with a protective shield
under the engine.
The interval between the MIN and MAX
marks corresponds to approximately 1
litre of oil.
CHECKING ENGINE OIL LEVEL
424PGSm
PROTECTIVE SHIELD UNDER
ENGINE
fig. 3 - 3.2 V6 24V version
fig. 4 - JTD 20V Multijet version
211
The oil consumption depends on driving
style and the conditions under which the
car is used.
TOPPING UP ENGINE OIL
IMPORTANT After topping up the engine oil, before checking the level, run the
engine a few seconds and wait for a few
minutes (approx. 5) after stopping it.
Fig. 5: 3.2 V6 24V version
Fig. 6: JTD 20V Multijet version
When the level falls to the MIN mark,
cap (B) should be removed and the system topped up to the MAX mark through
the filler neck.
A0D0114m
556PGSm
WARNING
To avoid burns particular
care should be taken
when working inside the engine
compartment when the engine is
warm.
Do not exceed the MAX mark when topping up with engine oil.
fig. 5 - 3.2 V6 24V version
212
fig. 6 - JTD 20V Multijet version
WARNING
Remember that when the
engine is warm the electric fan, which is operated on the
basis of the engine coolant temperature, could cut-in automatically and cause injury.
Never add oil with
characteristics (classification, viscosity) which
are different from those of the
oil already in the circuit.
WARNING
Never exceed the MAX
level when topping up or
changing engine oil. Too much engine oil would cause it to be taken in through the blow-by cylinder.
For JTD versions this can rapidly increase the engine speed (no longer
controllable, in this case, by releasing the accelerator pedal and
moving the ignition key to STOP)
and damage to the engine with the
risk of seizing or fire.
213
CHECKING AND TOPPING-UP
ENGINE COOLANT (fig. 7)
Periodically check that the level of fluid
in the expansion tank when cold and with
the car on level ground, is between
“MIN” and “MAX”.
Top up only with the
same fluid contained in
the cooling circuit.
If the level is too low, unscrew cap (A)
on the expansion tank and top-up.
A0D0100m
WARNING
To avoid being burnt,
when the engine is hot do
not remove the cap from the expansion tank.
fig. 7
214
WARNING
The cooling system is
pressurised. If necessary
replace the cap only with another
original one, otherwise the efficiency of the system could be compromised.
The antifreeze mixture
contained in the cooling
circuit guarantees protection down to –35°C.
On JTD 20V Multijet versions access to
the reservoir is gained by removing the cover (A-fig. 8) after turning the fastening
pins withdraw the tube (B-fig. 9).
CHECKING POWER STEERING
OIL LEVEL
Fig. 8: JTD 20V Multijet version
Fig. 9: JTD 20V Multijet version
Fig. 10: 3.2 V6 24V version
Check that the oil in the reservoir is at
the maximum level.
Slacken the cap (C-fig. 9-10) and
check that the level corresponds to the
reference notch of the maximum level on
the dipstick which is an integral part of
the cap.
This operation must be carried out with
the car on level ground and when the engine is stationary and cold.
TOPPING UP THE POWER
STEERING OIL
If the level of the oil in the power steering reservoir falls below the specified level, top up only with one of the products
listed in he table of “Fluids and lubricants” in the “Technical specifications”
chapter as follows.
– Start the engine and allow the oil in
the reservoir to settle.
– When the engine is running turn the
steering wheel lock to lock a few times.
fig. 8 - JTD 20V Multijet version
fig. 9 - JTD 20V Multijet version
A0D0101m
A0D0116m
A0D0115m
– Top up the MAX level notch and then
replace the cover.
fig. 10 - 3.2 V6 24V version
215
On JTD 20V Multijet versions insert the
tube on the cap and refit the cover fastening with the three screws.
Oil consumption is very
low; if topping up again
is needed shortly afterwards, have the system checked
for possible leaks by Alfa Romeo
Authorized services.
CHECKING AND TOPPING UP
THE BRAKE AND CLUTCH
FLUID (fig. 11)
IMPORTANT For this operation it is
however recommended to contact Alfa
Romeo Authorised Services.
Check that the fluid level in the reservoir
is at maximum. Top up with the brake fluid specified in the table “Fluids and lubricants” (see section “Technical Specifications ").
From time to time check the instrument
panel warning light by pressing cover (B)
of the reservoir (A) (with the ignition
key at MAR) the instrument warning
panel light x should come on.
NOTE Clean accurately the tank cap A
and the surrounding surface. When opening the cap take the utmost care to prevent impurities entering the tank. When
topping up, always use a funnel with
built-in filter with mesh equal to or lower
than 0.12 mm.
A0D0102m
IMPORTANT Contact Alfa Romeo Authorized Services for maintenance and repair operations.
WARNING
Do not allow power
steering fluid to touch hot
engine parts: it is inflammable.
fig. 11
216
When the cap (B) is
screwed off the reservoir ensure that the
electrical connections are not disconnected. Make sure that the
highly corrosive brake fluid
does not drip onto the paintwork. If it does, wash it off
immediately with water.
Access to the windscreen/headlight
washer fluid reservoir, remove the cover
(A-fig. 12) after turning the pins (B).
WARNING
Some commercial additives for windscreen
washers are inflammable. The engine compartment contains hot components which could set it on fire.
Then remove the cap (C-fig. 13) and
pour the fluid in the tank until the level
can be seen through the filler neck.
Then close the filler with the cap and refit the cover fastening with the two pins.
To avoid damaging the
pump motor do not use
the windscreen washers
when the reservoir is empty.
fig. 12
A0D0104m
WARNING
Brake and clutch fluid is
poisonous and corrosive.
In the event of contact wash the
parts concerned immediately with
neutral soap and water, then rinse
thoroughly. See a doctor at once if
the fluid is swallowed.
CHECKING AND TOPPING UP
THE WINDSCREEN/HEADLIGHT
WASHER FLUID (fig. 12-13)
A0D0103m
WARNING
Symbol π on the container indicates synthetic
type brake fluid distinguishing it
from the mineral kind. Using mineral type fluids damages the special rubber braking system gaskets
beyond repair.
fig. 13
217
WARNING
Do not travel with the
windscreen
washer
reservoir empty: the action of the
windscreen washer is fundamental
for improving vision.
IMPORTANT When topping up use
the special detergents available in the
shops ensuring that they contain antiscale and antifreeze properties.
If in doubt contact Alfa Romeo Authorized Services who will be able to recommend the most suitable products.
218
AIR CLEANER
The air cleaner is connected to the temperature and air flow sensors which send
the electrical signals needed for correct
operation of the injection and ignition system to the control unit.
It must therefore always be in perfect
conditions to ensure correct operation of
the engine, low consumption and exhaust
emission levels.
If they are not carried
out correctly and with
the due precautions, the
operations involving cleaner replacement described herein may
compromise the safety of the
car. This operation should be carried out by Alfa Romeo Authorized Services.
When the car is habitually driven in dusty areas, the cleaner should
be changed at shorter intervals
than those given in the Programmed Maintenance Schedule.
Any attempt to clean
the air cleaner may
cause serious engine
damage.
DIESEL FILTER
DUST/POLLEN FILTER
BATTERY
DRAINING CONDENSATION
WATER
The filter mechanically/electrostatically
filters the air provided that the windows
are shut.
The battery is housed on the left-hand
side of the boot, protected by a cover.
Water in the supply circuit can seriously damage the whole injection
system and cause malfunctions
to engine operation. Should the
warning lamp c , contact as
soon as possible the Alfa Romeo
Authorised Service for drainage
operations.
The dust/pollen filter should be checked
over once a year by Alfa Romeo Authorized Service station preferably at the beginning of the summer.
If the vehicle is habitually driven in
cities, motorways or on dusty roads the
system should be checked over more often than specified in the Programmed
Maintenance Schedule.
On versions without navigation system
and without CD player, access to the battery is gained by slackening the knob
(A-fig. 14) and removing the battery
cover.
On versions with navigation system and
/or CD player, access to the battery is
gained by slackening the knobs (A-fig.
15) and removing the cover (B).
341PGSm
IMPORTANT If the filter is not replaced the efficiency of the climate control system may be seriously compromised.
fig. 14
219
The battery adopted is of the “Limited
Maintenance” type and under normal
conditions of use will not require topping
up.
The level of the electrolyte solution
must however be between the MIN and
MAX reference marks when the vehicle is
stationary on a level surface (fig. 16).
The batteries contain
substances which are
extremely harmful to
the environment. Alfa Romeo
Authorized Services should be
contacted when equipped to dispose of the batteries respecting
both the environment and legal
requirements.
fig. 15
220
3101CAm
A0D0107m
If the level is low, contact Alfa Romeo Authorized Services.
fig. 16
Serious damage may be
caused to the vehicle if
electrical accessories
are incorrectly installed. If, after
purchasing your vehicle, you
wish to install accessories (theft
alarm, voice feature, satellite radio-navigator with antitheft
function, etc.) contact Alfa
Romeo Authorized Ser vices
whose qualified personnel in addition to being able to recommend the most suitable devices
from Lineaccessori will determine
whether it will be necessary to
install a more powerful battery.
If the car is to remain
stationary for a long
time in very cold weather, remove the battery and take it
to a warm place, otherwise it
might freeze.
WARNING
When doing any work on
the battery or near it, always wear special protective goggles.
WARNING
Working with the fluid
level too low damages
the battery irreparably, even
breaking the body and completely
leaking the acid contained.
CHARGING THE BATTERY
IMPORTANT The description of the
battery charging procedure is described
only for informative purposes. This operation should be carried out by Authorized
Alfa Romeo Services.
Charging should be slow at a low amp
rating for about 24 hours. Charging for a
longer time may damage the battery.
Charge the battery as follows:
– If the car is fitted with an alarm system, turn off the alarm with the remote
control and deactivate the system turning
the emergency key to “OFF” (see “Electronic alarm” in the chapter “Getting to
know your car”).
– Disconnect the terminals of the electric system from the battery poles.
– Connect the charger cables to the battery.
– Turn on the charger.
– After charging turn off the charger before disconnecting it from the battery.
– Re-connect the terminals to the battery poles correctly.
– Turn the ignition key to MAR and
leave it in this position for 30 seconds to
1 minute, then turn to STOP for about 5
to 10 seconds, after which the engine
can be started.
– Remember to reactivate the alarm
system (if present) turning the emergency switch to “ON”.
The wrong electric and
electronic accessory installation may cause severe vehicle damages.
221
WARNING
The fluid contained in the
battery is poisonous and
corrosive. Avoid contact with the
skin or eyes. The battery should be
charged in a ventilated place away
from naked flames or possible
sources of sparks: danger of explosion and fire.
IMPORTANT A battery kept at below
50% of its capacity is damaged by sulphation, the capacity is reduced and starting is difficult, there is also more possibility of freezing (this can occur at –10°C).
In the event of a prolonged stop, refer to
“Vehicle inactivity”.
USEFUL HINTS TO EXTEND
THE LIFE OF YOUR BATTERY
WARNING
Never attempt to charge
a frozen battery before
thawing it, the danger of explosion
exists. If it has frozen, always
check that the inside elements are
not broken (risk of short circuit)
and that the body is not cracked,
with the risk of acid coming out
which is poisonous and corrosive.
222
To avoid quickly draining the battery
and to preserve its operating conditions
over the course of time, carefully follow
the instructions below.
– The terminals must always be tightened.
– As far as possible avoid keeping services on for a long time with the engine
stopped (radio, hazard warning lights,
parking lights, etc.).
– When leaving the vehicle parked in a
garage, make sure that the doors, bonnet, boot and interior lids are properly
shut to prevent lights from staying on.
– Before doing any work on the electric
system, disconnect the battery negative
terminal.
If after purchasing the car, you wish to
install electrical accessories which need a
permanent electrical supply (alarm,
hands-free phone, radio-navigator with
satellite anti-theft function, etc.) contact
Authorised Alfa Romeo Services whose
qualified personnel, in addition to suggesting the most suitable devices from
Lineaccessori will be able to evaluate the
total electrical absorption, checking
whether the car’s electric system is able
to support the load required or whether a
battery with higher capacity is necessary.
In fact, these devices continue to absorb
current with the ignition key off (car
parked, engine off) and may gradually
drain the battery.
The total absorption of these accessories
(standard and installed later) must be
0.6 mA x Ah (of the battery), as shown
in the table below:
Battery
100 Ah
Maximum permissible
loadless absorption
60 mA
You are also reminded that services with
high current absorption activated by the
user, such as bottle warmers, vacuum
cleaners, cellular telephone, mini refrigerator, etc. accelerate the battery drainage
process if they are powered with the engine not running.
IMPORTANT It should also be noted
that improper branches on connectors of
the electric wiring for installing additional
equipment is dangerous, particularly if
safety devices are involved.
ELECTRONIC
CONTROL UNITS
With normal use of the vehicle no particular precautions need to be taken.
If interventions are to be carried out on
the electrical system or emergency starting the following must be heeded:
– Always switch off the engine before
disconnecting the battery from the electrical system.
– If battery charging is necessary disconnect it from the electric system.
– When starting in an emergency only
an auxiliary battery must be used and not
a battery charger.
– Check that the polarity is correct and
that the connections between the battery
and the electrical system are sound.
– Before connecting or disconnecting
the terminals of the electronic units ensure that the ignition key is not in the
MAR position.
– Do not check for current in the cables
by short-circuiting the ends.
– If electrical welding is to be carried
out on the body of the vehicle the electronic control units must be disconnected
or removed if the work involves the production of high temperatures.
WARNING
If additional systems are
to be installed on the vehicle the danger of incorrectly taking branches from the electrical
wires cannot be emphasized too
strongly especially if devices essential to the safety of the vehicle and its occupants are involved
(ignition, injection, ABS ...). The incorrect installation of radio systems, electronic theft alarms, radiotelephones etc. can interfere
with the electronic control units and
compromises the warranty cover.
For these interventions we re-commend that you contact Alfa Romeo
Authorized Services.The loadless
absorption of all the accessories installed in the after market must
not exceed 20 mA (reading with
the vehicle stationary).
223
SPARK PLUGS
If the engine is running unevenly have
the spark plugs checked by Alfa Romeo
Authorized Services.
– Insert a new blade passing it through
the curved top of the arm (A) through
the slot.
Periodically clean the wiper blades and
ensure that they are not damaged. If the
rubber blades are bent of worn in parts
they should be replaced, as follows:
– Press the tab (B) of the blade catch
spring and push the blade towards the
base of the arm (A).
– When the catch spring has been freed
from the curved top of the arm, withdraw
the blade from the arm through the slot.
624PGSm
The spark plugs must be
changed at inter vals
given in the Programmed Maintenance Schedule.
Only use spark plugs of the specified type (see table of “Fuel
Supply and Ignition” in the
“Technical specifications” chapter): if the thermal grade is inadequate, or the foreseen life is
not guaranteed inconveniences
may result.
WINDSCREEN WIPER
BLADES (fig. 17)
fig. 17
224
– Lift the blade to clamp tab (B) of the
coupling spring with the curved top of the
arm.
IMPORTANT The blades may differ
according to the versions. In any case,
follow the instructions provided in the
packs available as spares from Alfa
Romeo Authorized Services.
SPRAY JETS
BODYWORK
– Application of enamels with greater
resistance to atmospheric pollutants.
Make sure that the windscreen and
headlight washer jets deliver a jet of fluid
which is adequate and correctly directed.
PROTECTION FROM
ATMOSPHERIC AGENTS
– Adoption of “open” boxed parts to
prevent condensation from triggering corrosion from the inside.
If the spray devices are not working
check that the supply circuit is not
blocked. If necessary unclog the nozzles
using a needle.
Alfa Romeo employs manufacturing
technologies which are designed to protect the bodywork against chemical corrosion caused by various factors, for example:
The underbody is treated with the application of a special protective material.
– Salty air and humidity (coastal areas,
hot-humid climates).
If this protective layer requires restoration the exhaust system, lambda probe
and catalytic converter must be left free
of any wax, oil, plastic and/or inflammable product.
– Road surfaces covered with salt and
de-icing products during the winter.
This should therefore be carried out by
Alfa Romeo Authorized Services.
– atmospheric pollution.
To further increase resistance against
corrosion the following procedures have
been adopted:
– painting system and paint products
which render the vehicle particularly resistant to corrosion and abrasion.
– Wide use of sheet metal which is extremely resistant to corrosion.
– Spraying of the underbody, engine
bay, wheel arches and boxed parts with
suitable products which adhere strongly
to the metal parts and have a high protection capability.
225
RECOMMENDATIONS TO
PRESERVE THE BODYWORK
Particular care should be taken to ensure that residual deposits of industrial
dust, tar spots, dead insects etc. do not
remain on the bodywork.
Where possible do not park under trees
as, during certain seasons, residues, buds
and leaves containing chemical substances which are harmful to the paint
may fall onto the vehicle.
When topping up ensure that petrol, lubricating oil, brake fluid, liquid for the
cooling system, battery electrolyte solution etc. is not splashed onto the bodywork.
If this should occur however, clean the
area immediately and wash the vehicle
as soon as possible.
PAINT
The paintwork does not only serve an
aesthetic purpose but also protects the
underlying sheet metal.
In the case of deep scrapes or scores
you are advised to have the necessary
touching up carried out immediately by a
specialised workshop to avoid the formation of rust.
Normal paint maintenance consists in
washing at intervals depending on the
conditions and environment of use.
For example:
– in areas with high atmospheric pollution.
The characteristics of these products are
compatible with the type of paint, gaskets and trim of all Alfa Romeo vehicles.
The application of these products should
however be carried out by Alfa Romeo
personnel who will be able to guarantee
the best results and avoid problems which
may compromise the bodywork warranty
cover.
Detergents cause water
pollution. The car should
therefore be washed in
areas equipped for the collection
and purification of the liquid used
in the washing processes.
– Roads sprayed with salt.
– Parking under trees that release
resinous substances.
It is wise to wash the car more frequently.
Alfa Romeo markets a complete series
of products specifically designed for the
care and cleanliness of its vehicles (shampoo, wax, touch-up paint stick, stain remover, polish etc.).
To correctly wash the car, proceed as follows:
1) Spray the vehicle with a low pressure jet of water.
2) Pass a sponge moistened with a
light detergent solution (2-4% shampoo
in water) over the bodywork rinsing the
sponge frequently.
3) Rinse well with water and dry with a
jet of air or chamois leather.
226
When drying off take particular care to
cover the less visible parts like the bonnet
and boot lids and around the headlights
where water may stagnate. The vehicle
should not be taken to an enclosed area
immediately but left in the open so that
the residual water can evaporate. Do not
wash the vehicle after it has been left in
the sun or when the bonnet is hot as this
may alter the shine of the paintwork.
Plastic parts must be cleaned in the same
way as the rest of the vehicle. Specific
products need only be used when dirt is
particularly resistant.
IMPORTANT Bird droppings must be
washed off immediately as the acid contained in them is particularly aggressive.
To better protect the paint, occasionally
polish with special products (silicone
wax) which leave a protective layer on
the body.
WINDOWS
Use specific products to clean the windows. Clean cloths should be used to
avoid scratching or altering the transparency of the glass.
The inside of the rear
windscreen should be
wiped gently with a
cloth in the direction of the filaments to avoid damaging the
heating device.
ENGINE COMPARTMENT
At the end of the winter the engine
compartment should be carefully washed.
Contact a specialised workshop to have
this done.
IMPORTANT The vehicle should be
washed with the engine cold and the ignition key turned to STOP. After washing
make sure that the various protections
(e.g. rubber caps and recess covers) have
not been damaged or removed.
For washing the engine
compartment, you are
recommended to use
“FULCRON” available in Alfa
Romeo Lineaccessori. In any
case, only use soda-free detergent solutions preferably alkalined with metasilicates.After
washing the engine compartment
it must be accurately rinsed with
a specific operation and dried. In
fact the normal passage of the
body washing tunnel is unable to
rinse the engine compartment
adequately.
Detergents cause water
pollution. The car should
therefore be washed in
areas equipped for the collection
and purification of the liquid used
in the washing processes.
227
INTERIOR FITTINGS
Periodically check that water is not
trapped under the carpets (due to water
dripping off shoes, umbrellas etc.) which
could cause oxidisation of the sheet metal.
CLEANING SEATS AND CLOTH
PARTS
– For the seats and parts in fabric (velvet, suede, etc.)dust may be removed using a soft brush.
– To remove grease stains specific products may be used closely following the
manufacturer’s instructions.
– For more accurate cleaning, rub the
seats with a sponge moistened with a solution of water and neutral detergent in
the proportions stated on the package.
Upholstery of your car
has been designed to
withstand wear deriving from common use of
the car. You are however recommended to avoid strong and/or
continuous scratching with clothing accessories such as metallic
buckles, studs, Velcro fastenings
and the like, since these items
cause circumscribed stress of the
cover fabric that could lead to
yarn breaking, and damage the
cover as a consequence.
CLEANING LEATHER PARTS
– Remove dried on dirt with a chamois
leather or a lightly moistened cloth without pressing too hard.
– Remove liquid and grease stains with
a dry absorbent cloth without rubbing.
Following this wipe with a soft cloth or
chamois leather moistened with water
and neutral soap.
If the stain persists use specific products
in accordance with the instructions for
use.
Never use spirit or alcohol-based products.
WARNING
Never use inflammable
products such as fuel oil
ether or rectified petrol. The electrostatic charges generated by rubbing when cleaning may cause fire.
228
PLASTIC PARTS
Should it be necessary to remove dust,
dirt, etc. from the surface of the light units (and/or direction indicators) only use
a solution of neutral soap and water and
a soft cloth.
Absolutely never use chemical solvents
and/or petroleum derivatives such as
petrol, methylated spirits, ammonia, acetone, etc. which could spoil the material
and reduce its transparency, adversely affecting travelling safety.
For internal plastic parts use specific
products to preserve the appearance of
the components.
Never use spirit or
petrol to clean the glass
on the instrument panel.
WARNING
Do not keep aerosol cans
in the car. There is the
risk they might explode. Aerosol
cans must never be exposed to a
temperature above 50°C. The temperature inside the car might go
well beyond that figure when exposed to the sun’s rays.
I.C.S. MASK AND CENTRAL
CONSOLE
Remove finger prints with common alcohol-free water and surfactants glass detergent. Rub surfaces with a clean cotton
rag moistened with detergent.
STEERING WHEEL/GEAR LEVER
KNOB WITH GENUINE
LEATHER COVERING
These components shall only be cleaned
with water and neutral soap. Never use
spirit or alcohol-based products.
Before using special products for cleaning interiors, read carefully label instructions and indications to make sure they
are free from spirit and/or alcohol-based
substances.
If when cleaning the windscreen with
special glass products, some drops fall on
the leather covering of the steering
wheel/gear lever knob remove them immediately and then clean with water and
neutral soap.
IMPORTANT Take the utmost care
when engaging the steering lock to prevent scratching the leather covering.
229
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
The following pages give the various specifications of the vehicle.
These pages will probably represent the main reference point in
this booklet for the “experts and enthusiasts”.
This section should be consulted in order to identify the main characteristics of your vehicle referred to in the previous chapters.
IDENTIFICATION DATA............................................................................... page
ENGINE CODES-BODY VERSIONS .....................................................................
DIMENSIONS ...........................................................................................................
ENGINE......................................................................................................................
SERVICING................................................................................................................
ENGINE OIL CONSUMPTION ..............................................................................
LUGGAGE COMPARTMENT ..................................................................................
WEIGHTS ...................................................................................................................
FUEL SUPPLY - IGNITION ....................................................................................
PERFORMANCE .......................................................................................................
FUEL CONSUMPTION ............................................................................................
CO2 EMISSIONS ......................................................................................................
BRAKES .....................................................................................................................
STEERING..................................................................................................................
TRANSMISSION.......................................................................................................
FLUIDS AND LUBRICANTS ..................................................................................
RIM AND TYRES ....................................................................................................
TYRE INFLATION PRESSURE ...............................................................................
RADIO FREQUENCY REMOTE CONTROL:
MINISTERIAL HOMOLOGATIONS .....................................................................
232
233
234
235
236
236
237
237
238
239
240
241
241
242
242
243
245
247
251
231
IDENTIFICATION DATA
The identification data should be recorded. The identification data is carried on labels in the following positions (fig. 1):
1 - Identification label
2 - Body label
ENGINE LABELS
The body label carrying the following information is located in front of the right
front seat concealed by the lid (Afig. 2), it is printed with the body identification (fig. 3) including:
– Type of vehicle
– Manufacturer’s serial number (chassis
number).
352PGSm
3 - Bodywork paint identification label
BODY LABEL
4 - Engine label.
On the rear left-hand side, gearbox side.
BODYWORK PAINT
IDENTIFICATION LABEL (fig. 4)
This is applied to the inner part of the
luggage compartment and carries the following data:
A - Paint manufacturer
B - Name of colour
C - Colour code
D - Colour code for touching up and respraying.
fig. 1
232
fig. 3
3224CAm
353PGSm
A0D0105m
fig. 2
fig. 4
This is located in the left-hand side of
the boot (next to the battery) (fig. 5).
It carries the following identification data:
A - Space for details of national homologation
B - Space for punching the consecutive
chassis number
C - Space available for maximum
weights authorised by various national
laws
3225CAm
IDENTIFICATION LABEL
D - Space for version and any supplementary indications to those specified
E - Space for smoke index (JTD 20V
Multijet versions only)
F - Space for punching manufacturer’s
name.
fig. 5
ENGINE AND BODY VERSION CODES
3.2 V6 24V
JTD 20V
Multijet
Engine Code
936A000
936B000
Body Code
936AXB00 17
936AXG00 22
233
1416
A0D0106m
DIMENSIONS
995
2700
1025
1554
1800
4720
1542
– The dimensions are expressed in mm
fig. 6
234
– The height indicated is for an unladen car
ENGINE
3.2 V6 24V
JTD 20V
Multijet
Front
transversal
Front
transversal
6 in 60°V
5 in line
Cycle
Otto
Diesel
Bore
93 mm
82 mm
Stroke
78 mm
90.4 mm
3179 cm3
2387 cm3
kW CEE
CV CEE
rpm
176.5
240
6200
136
185
4000
Nm CEE
kgm CEE
rpm
289
29.4
4800
385
39.2
2000
Position
Number and arrangement
of cylinders
Total cubic capacity
Maximum
horse power
Max torque
235
SERVICING
3.2 V6 24V
Fuel
Capacity of fuel tank
– reserve of
Unleaded petrol with no less than 95 R.O.N.
(EN228 Specification)
JTD 20V
Multijet
Diesel fuel for motor vehicles
(EN590 Specification)
69 litres
9 litres
69 litres
9 litres
Engine oil (quantity
for periodical change, including
the oil filter change)
5.90 litres
5.0 litres
Gearbox/differential oil
(except versions with electronic
automatic gearbox)
2.0 litres
1.45 litres
Engine cooling system
10.3 litres
9.1 litres
7 litres
7 litres
Windscreen washer fluid
reservoir capacity
236
LUGGAGE COMPARTMENT
3.2 V6 24V
JTD 20V
Multijet
490
490
3.2 V6 24V
JTD 20V
Multijet
Weight empty (including fluids, 90% fuel in the tank and no optional)
1540 kg
1540 kg
Max. permitted weight (*)
2050 kg
2050 kg
Payload including
driver (**)
510 kg
510 kg
Towable weight
1500 kg
1500 kg
60 kg
60 kg
Capacity (dm3)
WEIGHTS
Max. load on ball
(*) Loads not to be exceeded. It is the owner’s responsibility to place loads in the boot and/or on the loading surface within the maximum permissible weight limits.
(**) With special fittings (sunroof, trailer towing device, etc.) the unloaded weight increases, thereby reducing the useful capacity with regard to maximum permissible
loads.
237
FUEL SUPPLY AND IGNITION
3.2 V6 24V
JTD 20V
Multijet
MPI Bosch
Motronic ME7
electronic
injection
and ignition
with knock
selective control
Direct injection
with variable
geometry
turbosupercharger
and intercooler
electronic
diesel control
Common Rail type
second generation
Spark plugs
NGK RPFR6B
–
Replace every
100,000 km
–
1-4-2-5-3-6
–
–
1-2-4-5-3
Supply
Firing order
Injection order
(*) There are two different spark plugs, one of each type, per cylinder.
WARNING
Alterations or repairs to the supply system not carried out correctly or without taking account of the
technical specifications of the system, may cause abnormal functioning with the risk of fire.
238
PERFORMANCE
3.2 V6 24V
JTD 20V
Multijet
Maximum speed
245 km/h
222 km/h
Acceleration from
0-100 km/h
7.4 s
8.9 s
kilometre from stationary
27.5 s
29.0 s
239
FUEL CONSUMPTION
The fuel consumption values shown in the following tables were established during homologation tests prescribed in specific European
Directives.
The test conditions adopted include the following:
– an urban cycle: this includes cold starting followed by simulation of a mixed urban route;
– an extraurban cycle: this includes frequent accelerating in all gears, simulating normal extraurban use of the vehicle; the speed
varies between 0 and 120 kph;
– combined consumption: this is calculated by considering a route consisting of about 37% urban cycle and 63% extraurban cycle.
IMPORTANT The type of route, traffic conditions, weather conditions, driving style, conditions of the vehicle, trim level/ equipment/ accessories, vehicle load, presence of a roof rack, other items that negatively
affect the aerodynamics of the vehicle or wind resistance may lead to different fuel consumption levels than
those measured by the above-mentioned procedures (see “Economy and environment-friendly driving” paragraph in the “Getting the best out of your car” chapter).
CONSUMPTION ACCORDING TO EEC STANDARD 1999/100 (litres x 100 km)
3.2 V6 24V
JTD 20V
Multijet
On urban route
18.3
9.9
On extraurban route
9.1
6.1
On mixed route
12.5
7.5
240
CO2 EMISSIONS
The CO2 emission levels shown in the following table are measured on a mixed cycle.
CO2 EMISSIONS ACCORDING TO EEC STANDARD 1999/100
Value (g/km)
3.2 V6 24V
JTD 20V
Multijet
297
198
BRAKES
3.2 V6 24V - JTD 20V Multijet
Service brakes
front
rear
Self-ventilating disk
Disk
Wheel anti-lock system (ABS) with electronic braking distribution
Servo-brake. Brake pad wear indicator. Gasket of ecological type.
Handbrake
Controlled by hand lever operating on rear brakes
241
STEERING
3.2 V6 24V
Type
reservoir in engine compartment
Turning radius
(between pavements)
JTD 20V
Multijet
Rack and pinion
Hydraulic power steering with liquid
11.6 m
11.6 m
TRANSMISSION
3.2 V6 24V
JTD 20V
Multijet
Six forward
gears plus
reverse
all synchronised
Six forward
gears plus
reverse
all synchronised
Clutch
Dry single
disk with
hydraulic
operation
Dry single
disk with
hydraulic
operation
Drive
Front
Front
Gearbox
242
FLUIDS AND LUBRICANTS
RECCOMENDED PRODUCTS AND THEIR SPECIFICATIONS
Use
Fluid and lubricant specifications
for correct car operation
Genuine fluids
and lubricants
Change intervals
Lubricants for
petrol engines
Synthetic-based engine oils, grade SAE 10W-60
FIAT 9.55535-H3 qualification
SELENIA RACING
As per Service Schedule
Lubricants for
Multijet engines
Synthetic-based engine oils, grade SAE 5W-40
FIAT 9.55535-M2 qualification
SELENIA WR
As per Service Schedule
Should non-genuine products be used, lubricants with minimum ACEA A3 properties for petrol engines and ACEA B4 for Diesel engines are tolerated; in this event top
engine performance is not guaranteed.
Using low-quality products, not compliant with ACEA A3 and ACEA B4 properties could cause engine damages not covered by warranty.
For very cold temperatures, consult Alfa Romeo Authorized Services for the proper Selenia product to use
243
Use
Fluid and lubricant specifications
for correct car operation
Genuine fluids
and lubricants
Applications
Synthetic-based oil, grade SAE 75W-85,that passes API GL 4 Plus specifications TUTELA CAR
TECHNYX
Mechanical gearbox and
differential 3.2 V6 24V engines
100% synthetic oil, grade SAE 75W-85, that passes API GL 4 specifications
TUTELA CAR
MATRYX
Mechanical gearbox and
differential JTD 20V Multijet
engines
Lubricant for transmissions that passes "ATF DEXRON II D LEV" specifications
TUTELA GI/A
Power steering
Lithium-soap-based grease with molybdenum bisulphate, NLGI 2 consistency
TUTELA STAR 500
CV joints
Brake fluid
Synthetic fluid, F.M.V.S.S. n. 116, DOT 4, ISO 4925, SAE J-1704,
CUNA NC 956-01
TUTELA TOP 4
for ALFA ROMEO
Hydraulic brake and clutch
controls
Protective agent
for radiators
Protective with antifreeze action for cooling systems, red colour, based on
inhibited monoethylen glycol and organic formula, that passes
CUNA NC 956-16, ASTM D 3306 specifications
PARAFLU UP
Cooling circuits
Proportion: 50% water and
50% Paraflu UP
Windscreen and rear
window washer fluid
Mixture of alcohol and surfactants CUNA NC 956-11
TUTELA
PROFESSIONAL SC 35
To be used diluted or undiluted
Lubricants and greases
for transmission
IMPORTANT Do not top-up or mix with products having different properties
244
RYM AND TYRES
Standard fittings
- rim diameters
- tyres (tubeless)
Progression and
Impression Versions
Distinctive
Version
6.5J x 16"
215/55 R16 93W (*)
7.5J x 17"
225/45 R17 91Y
Optional
(for versions/markets
where applicate
- rim diameters
- tyres (tubeless)
7.5J x 17"
225/45 R17 91Y
6.5J x 16"
215/55 R16 93W (*)
- rim diameters
- tyres (tubeless)
8J x 18"
235/40 R18 91Y
8J x 18"
235/40 R18 91Y
- rim diameters
- tyres (tubeless)
7J x 16"
215/55 R16 93H M+S
7J x 16"
215/55 R16 93H M+S
- rim diameters
- tyres (tubeless)
6.5J x 16"
205/55 R16 91H M+S
6.5J x 16"
205/55 R16 91H M+S
Winter tyres
SPARE WHEEL
Cars fitted with steel rims and tyres 215/55 R16 (*) have spare wheel identical with the standard wheels. Cars fitted with aluminium alloy rims and tyres 215/55 R16 (*), 225/45 R17
and 235/40 R18 have the spare wheel with steel rim and tyre
215/55 R16 (*).
WARNING
On cars fitted with tyres 215/55 R16 (*),
225/45 R17, 235/40 R18 and spare
wheel with tyre 215/55 R16 (*), since the spare
wheel is different from the standard wheels, observe
the instructions for use given below.
– The spare wheel should only be used in an emergency.
– Use of the spare wheel should be kept to a minimum. Do not drive at speeds of over 80 km/h.
– The car will handle differently when the spare
wheel is fitted. Avoid sudden acceleration or braking,
sharp corners and fast bends.
– Check at regular intervals that spare wheel pressure is equal to 2.7 bar (2.7 kg/cm2).
Two or more spare wheels should never be used together. Have the wheel changed repaired and refitted as soon as possible.
(*) For versions/markets where applicable tyres 205/55 R16 91W.
245
Note for one way tyres
There are arrows on the side of one-way
tyres indicating the direction of rotation.
When a wheel is changed (for example
after a puncture, the direction of the arrow on the spare wheel might not coincide with the direction of rotation of the
wheel to be changed. Even in these conditions the tyre is still safe but you are advised to have the tyre repaired and refitted as soon as possible, because top performance is obtained when all the wheels
turn in the direction of the arrow.
246
Note The vehicles are fitted with tubeless tyres. See chapter “Getting the best
out of your car” for indications concerning
tyres in general and the specific recommendations for tubeless tyres. When replacing tyres and/or rims maintain the original rim/tyre match.
IMPORTANT Tyre pressure should be
increased by 0.3 bars when driving at
sustained high speed. With winter tyres
the pressure should be +0.2 bar higher
than the rating specified for standard
tyres. Do not use inner tubes with tubeless tyres.
Snow chains can be fitted
only on wheels with 6.5J x
16” rims and 215/55 R16
(*) tyres or 7.5J x 17” rims and
225/45 R17 tyres.
(*) For versions/markets where
applicable tyres 205/55 R16.
TYRE INFLATION PRESSURE
Tyres
205/55 R16 91W (*)
front
rear
(unladen and in running order)
Tyres
215/55 R16 93W
front
rear
Tyres
225/45 R17 91Y
front
rear
Tyres
235/40 R18 91Y
front
rear
Reduced load
(2 occupants)
bar
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.7
2.5
2.7
2.7
Full load
bar
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.7
2.5
2.7
2.7
Spare wheel
bar
2.3
2.3
2.7
2.7
(*) For versions/markets where applicable
WARNING
While the specified dimensions remain unchanged, for travelling safety and correct operation of the
VDC, ASR and ABS systems the tyres must absolutely be of the same brand and type on all wheels,
in perfect conditions and above all of the specified type and brand.
247
CORRECT TYRE READING
Below are the instructions necessary to know the meaning of
the code stamped on the tyre.
The code may be like one of the examples given below.
Example:
225/45 R 17 91 Y
or
225/45 ZR 17
225 = Nominal width (distance in mm between the sides).
45 = Percentage height/width ratio.
R = Radial tyre.
ZR = Radial tyre with speed above 240 kph.
17 = Rim diameter in inches.
91 = Load (capacity) index, e.g. 91 = 600 kg. Not present in
ZR tyres.
Y, Z = Maximum speed index. In ZR tyres the speed index Z is
before the R.
248
Load index (capacity)
60 = 250 kg
61 = 257 kg
62 = 265 kg
63 = 272 kg
64 = 280 kg
65 = 290 kg
66 = 300 kg
67 = 307 kg
68 = 315 kg
69 = 325 kg
70 = 335 kg
71 = 345 kg
72 = 355 kg
73 = 365 kg
74 = 375 kg
75 = 387 kg
76 = 400 kg
77 = 412 kg
78 = 425 kg
79 = 437 kg
80 = 450 kg
81 = 462 kg
82 = 475 kg
83 = 487 kg
84 = 500 kg
85 = 515 kg
86 = 530 kg
87 = 545 kg
88 = 560 kg
89 = 580 kg
90 = 600 kg
91 = 615 kg
92 = 630 kg
93 = 650 kg
94 = 670 kg
95 = 690 kg
96 = 710 kg
97 = 730 kg
98 = 750 kg
99 = 775 kg
100 = 800 kg
101 = 825 kg
102 = 850 kg
103 = 875 kg
104 = 900 kg
105 = 925 kg
106 = 950 kg
Maximum speed index
UNDERSTANDING RIM MARKING
Q = up to 160 kph.
The following are the necessary indications to understand the
meaning of the markings on the rim, as shown in fig. 7.
R = up to 170 kph.
S = up to 180 kph.
T = up to 190 kph.
U = up to 200 kph.
H = up to 210 kph.
V = over 210 kph.
ZR = over 240 kph.
W = up to 270 kph.
Y = up to 300 kph.
Example:
6.5J x 16”
6.5 = Rim width in inches (1)
J = Rim drop centre outline (side projection where the tyre bead
rests) (2)
16” = Rim nominal diameter in inches (corresponds to diameter
of the tyre to be mounted) (3 = Ø)
Maximum speed index for snow tyres
002STZm
Q M+S = up to 160 kph.
T M+S = up to 190 kph.
H M+S = up to 210 kph.
fig. 7
249
RADIO FREQUENCY REMOTE CONTROL:
MINISTERIAL HOMOLOGATIONS
250
International
automobile
code
Country
A
B
CH
CRO
CY
D
DK
E
F
FIN
GB
Austria
Belgium
Switzerland
Croatia
Cyprus
Germany
Denmark
Spain
France
Finland
Great Britain
GBZ
GR
Gibraltar
Greece
Homologation
number
CEPT LPD F
RTT/D/X1792
BAKOM 99.0196.K.P
CTC R 000 196 L
E D.G.Tel. 09 99 0366
99 0148 PPL 0
CEPT SRD1eGB
RFI\RCAB1\TA38618A
CEPT LPD GR.YME - TA212
International
automobile
code
Country
H
Hungary
I
Italy
IRL
IS
L
N
NL
P
S
SLO
Ireland
Iceland
Luxembourg
Norway
Holland
Portugal
Sweden
Slovenia
Homologation
number
DGPGF/4/2/03/339999/
F0/0004562/02/06/99
CEPT LPD F
ICP 026TC99
For markets in which transmitter marking is required, the homologation number has been reproduced directly on the key grip.
251
Attesté
ART
Conforme
252
atc
date
pres.
99 0148 PPL 0
11/05/1999
TRW
Radiocom
Privées France
Professionnel
C
T
T
P
C
S
R000
A100
196L
282L
CEPT LPD - F
RIGHT HAND DRIVE VERSION
This chapter describes the main characteristics of the
right hand drive version.
For any topic not specifically dealt with in this chapter,
refer to the main chapter of the Owner’s manual which
should be thoroughly read to ensure that the vehicle is
used correctly and that the maximum performance is
obtained under conditions of safety.
DASHBOARD ............................................................................................... page
INSTRUMENT PANEL ............................................................................................
CONTROLS ..............................................................................................................
BONNET ...................................................................................................................
FUSES AND RELAYS IN THE CONTROL UNIT ................................................
256
258
260
263
264
253
A0D0124 m
DASHBOARD
fig. 1
254
1
Air ducts for side window outlets.
2
Side air vents.
3
Light switch lever (high beam, flashing, direction indicators) and controls
for Cruise Control (automatically
keeping a set speed, if present).
13 Button for rearscreen defrosting,
door mirrors and resistances at base
of windscreen (if present).
4
Instrument cluster.
14 Button for windscreen/front side
windows and door mirrors
defrosting, rearscreen heating,
resistances at base of windscreen (if
present).
5
Outlets for windscreen.
15 Cigar lighter.
6
Upper outlet.
7
Oddments compartment.
8
Centre air vents.
9
Passenger’s air bag.
16 Alfa Romeo I.C.S. (INTEGRATED
CONTROL SYSTEM): RDS radio,
computer on board (TRIP), climate
control, clock and outside/inside
temperature, GSM phone and
navigation system (if present).
10 Manual passenger’s side Air bag
deactivation switch.
11 Glove box.
12 Boot opening button (in glove box).
17 Buttons for central locking, fuel flap
opening, switching off the ASR
function of the VDC system switching
on the STR system (if present).
21 Inside temperature sensor.
22 Windscreen wiper/washer control
lever and rain sensor (if present).
23 Ignition switch (ignition device).
24 Driver’s air bag and horn.
25 Lever for releasing/locking adjustable
steering wheel.
26 Instrument lighting adjustment.
27 Headlamp aiming device control
(except versions with gas discharge
headlights).
28 Outside lights switch.
29 Bonnet opening lever.
30 Front floor air outlets.
18 Rear fog guard switch.
19 Front fog light switch.
20 Hazard warning light switch.
255
A0D0125m
INSTRUMENT PANEL
fig. 2 - 3.2 V6 24V version
256
A - Speedometer
B - Mileage recorder with double meter
display (total and trip)
C - Check panel
D - Rev. counter
E - Fuel gauge and reserve warning light
CONTROLS
Lights switched off
LIGHTS SWITCH (fig. 3)
When the pointer on the knurled ring
(A) is opposite the symbol O, the external lights are switched off.
The device and services controlled by
the levers on the steering wheel can only
be activated when the ignition key is in
the MAR position (except the parking
lights which can always be switched on).
A0D0148m
F - Engine coolant temperature gauge
and maximum temperature warning
light
G - Warning lights
Sidelights
The sidelights are switched on by turning the knurled ring (A) from O to 6.
The 3 warning light on the instrument panel will come on at the same
time.
Dipped-beam headlights
These are switched on by turning the
knurled ring (A) from 6 to 2.
H - Electronic automatic gearbox display
Parking lights
IMPORTANT Depending on the trim
levels, the dial of the instruments may be
either light grey or black, with green or
red light.
When the pointer of the switch (A) corresponds with the F symbol, the side
lights stay on regardless of the position of
the ignition key.
fig. 3
257
DASHBOARD LIGHTING
ADJUSTMENT (fig. 4)
FUEL CUT-OFF SWITCH AND
CIRCUIT BREAKER
When the outside lights are on, the
dashboard lighting is adjusted turning button (A).
The car is fitted with two safety switches that come into operation in the case of
an accident to block fuel supply and power, thereby stopping the engine and the
car electric utilities.
Circuit breaker is located on the left side
of the boot, inside a box directly set and
connected to the battery positive terminal.
To reactivate the fuel cut-off switch press
button under the passenger’s seat (fig. 5).
fig. 4
258
381PGSm
A0D0149M
WARNING
Before resetting fuel cutoff switch and circuit
breaker, carefully read the related
paragraph in chapter “Getting to
know your car”.
fig. 5
DEACTIVATING THE FRONT
PASSENGER’S AIR BAG
(fig. 6)
Should it be absolutely necessary to carry a child on the front seat, the passenger’s Air bag on the vehicle must be deactivated.
Deactivation/reactivation takes place
with ignition key at STOP and operating
it in the special key switch on the righthand side of the dashboard (fig. 6).
You can reach the switch only if the
door is opened.
The key-operated switch has two positions:
1) Passenger’s Air bag activated. (ON
position P) warning light on instrument
cluster off; it is absolutely prohibited to
carry a child on the front seat.
2) Passenger’s Air bag deactivated
(OFF position F) warning light on instrument cluster on; it is possible to carry
a child protected by special restraint system on the front seat.
Deactivation takes place using the car
ignition key to operate the special switch
on the left hand side of the dashboard.
Access to the switch is gained only with
the door open.
When the door is open, the key can be
inserted and removed in both positions.
Deactivation of the passenger’s front Air
bag inhibits too the left-hand side Air bag
(if present).
707PGSm
WARNING
Operate the switch only
when the engine is not
running and the ignition key is removed.
The warning light F on the cluster stays on permanently until the passenger’s
Air bag is reactivated.
fig. 6
259
WARNING
Warning light F indicates also warning light
¬ failure. This is indicated by intermittent flashing, over 4 seconds, of warning light F. In this
event, warning light ¬ could be
not up to indicate restraint system
failures, if any. Stop the car and
contact Alfa Romeo Authorized
Services to have the system
checked.
BONNET
The lever used to open the bonnet is located under the right end of the dashboard.
To open:
– Pull the lever (A-fig. 7) until the
bonnet clicks open.
704PGSm
RBAG
WARNING
SERIOUS DANGER: The car is
fitted with an Air bag on the passenger's side. Never place cradle
child’s seats on the front passenger seat of cars fitted with passenger air bag since the air bag activation could cause serious injuries, even mortal. In the case of
need, always deactivate the passenger's Air bag when a child's
seat is placed on the front seat.
The front passenger seat shall be
adjusted in the most backward position to prevent any contact between child’s seat and dashboard.
Even if not compulsory by law, you
are recommended to reactivate the
Air bag immediately as soon as
child transport is no longer necessary.
AI
fig. 7
260
WARNING
Do this only with the car
stationary.
– Raise the safety lever upwards (Bfig. 8).
WARNING
DANGER-SERIOUS INJURY. When carrying out
checks or maintenance operations
in the engine compartment, take
special care not to bump the head
on the raised bonnet.
– Raise the bonnet.
To close:
– Lower the bonnet to approx. 20 cm.
from the engine bay, then let it drop. Try
lifting it to make sure that it is shut completely and not simply caught in the safety position. If the bonnet does not close
properly do not push it down but open it
again and repeat the above procedure.
A0D0033m
IMPORTANT Bonnet raising is aided
by two gas springs. Do not tamper with
these springs and always accompany the
bonnet while raising it.
WARNING
For safety reasons the
bonnet shall always be
perfectly closed when travelling.
Always check for proper bonnet
locking. If the bonnet is left inadvertently open, stop the car immediately and close the bonnet.
fig. 8
261
FUSES AND RELAYS
IN THE CONTROL
UNIT
In the upper part of the control unit
there is a pincer (C-fig. 10) for removing fuses.
The fuses for the main devices are
housed in a control unit under the dashboard, to the right of the steering column.
At the sides of the control unit there are
some spare fuses (D-fig. 11); after replacing a fuse you are advised to replenish the stock of fuses when they are
used.
Access to it is gained slackening the
knob (A-fig. 9) and lowering the panel
(B).
The devices protected by the fuses in
the control unit are listed in the tables
see chapter “In emergency”.
A - Switch discharge relay
B - Direction indicator/hazard warning
light flashing device
C - Headlight washer timer.
fig. 9
262
706PGSm
712PGSm
A0D0098m
The graphic symbols which distinguish
the main electric component corresponding to each fuse are given on a label on
the inner wall of the panel.
fig. 10
fig. 11
ALPHABETICAL INDEX
Cruise Control ..................................64
ABS (system)..............................114
Brake Assist............................116-141
Additional heater..............................91
Brakes..........................................241
Air bags, front and side ....................50
Bulb replacement ....................165-181
Air cleaner ....................................218
Car maintenance......................201
Diesel filter....................................219
Carrying children safety ....................45
Dimensions ..................................234
Central locking ................................29
Direction indicators ..........................59
Changing the bulb
Door lights ....................................102
Air conditioner ................................83
Air conditioning ................................80
Alfa Romeo CODE system ..................16
Alfa Romeo I.C.S. system ................14
Ashtray ..........................................99
ASR (system) ................................117
At the filling station ........................124
Dashboard ....................................68
Data plates....................................232
- Bulb types ........................165-166
Doors ............................................28
- General instructions ..................165
Dust/pollen filter ......................90-219
Child safety ....................................30
Child safety device (doors) ................45
Electronic alarm system
Cigar lighter ....................................98
Electronic control units ....................223
CO2 emissions................................241
Emission control devices ..................129
......................................219
Coin holder......................................98
Engine..........................................235
Body maintenance..........................225
Controls ..........................................93
Engine codes – Body versions..........233
Boot ............................................105
Correct use of the car ..............133
Engine coolant temperature gauge......74
Boot light......................................185
Courtesy light ................................101
Engine oil consumption ..................236
Automatic fuel cut-off switch
and power supply ......................127
Battery
..................22
263
Engine starting ..............................134
Headlamps....................................110
EOBD (system)..............................113
Headrests........................................33
- Additional operations ................206
High beam headlamps ......................58
- Annual Inspection Programme ....206
Identification data ..................232
- Maintenance programme ..........204
In an emergency ............................157
- Scheduled Maintenance ............202
In the event of an accident ..............198
Mileage recorder ..............................70
First aid kit ..................................199
Fluids and lubricants ......................243
Fog lamps ......................................93
"Follow me home" device ................60
Front roof lamp..............................100
Fuel consumption ..........................240
Fuel flap ........................................94
Fuel oil filter ..................................219
Fuel reserve ....................................73
Maintenance
Inside rear-view mirror ......................36
Installation of electric/
electronic devices ......................156
Instrument cluster ............................12
Instrument light dimmer ....................94
Number plate lights ......................179
Oddments compartments........103-104
Oddment compartment light ............183
Interior equipment............................96
Parking ......................................138
Fuses and relays ............................186
Interior maintenance ......................228
Parking lights ..................................58
Gear shift......................................95
Keys............................................ 16
Parking sensors................................67
Getting to know your car ........11
Level checking..............................209
Pollen/dust filter ......................90-219
Light switch ....................................57
Position lights ..................................58
Handbrake ....................................95
Low beam headlamps ......................58
Power steering ..............................142
Hazard warning lights ......................93
Luggage compartment ....................110
Power windows ..............................38
Fuel tank cap ................................127
Glovebox ........................................98
264
Performance..................................239
Radio
........................................122
Spark plugs ..................................224
Travelling ......................................137
Radio-frequency remote control ........251
Starting device ............................26-27
Tyres
Radio transmitters and cellular
telephones ..............................156
Stationary vehicle ..........................138
- Correct reading ........................248
Steering........................................242
- Inflation pressure ......................247
Rain sensor ....................................61
Steering column stalks ......................57
- Winter tyres ............................147
Rear fog guards ..............................94
Steering lock ..................................27
Rear roof lamps ............................101
Steering wheel (adjustment lever)......36
Rear seat ........................................35
STR system (Sport Throttle Response) 63
VDC (system)..............................117
Rearscreen heating ..........................86
Sun visors ....................................100
VDC and ASR systems ....................117
Refuelling......................................236
Sunroof ........................................103
Vehicle inactivity ............................155
Relay (replacement) ......................186
Supply/ignition ............................238
Vehicle lifting ................................197
Technical specifications ..........231
Warning lights ..............................73
Telephone (provision) ....................102
Weights ........................................237
Third stop light (bulb change) ..........180
Wheel rims....................................245
control devices ..........................150
Top speeds ....................................239
Windscreen wiper ............................61
Safeguarding the environment ........129
Tow hook ..............................153-154
Wing mirrors ..................................37
Safety belts ....................................40
Towing the car or another vehicle......196
Ski compartment ............................35
Towing trailers ..............................152
Snow chains..................................147
Transmission ................................242
Reversing lights..............................178
RPM counter....................................71
Safeguarding the emission
Useful accessories ........................156
265
PROVISIONS FOR THE PROCESSING OF A VEHICLE
AT THE END OF ITS LIFE-CYCLE
For years now Alfa Romeo has been developing its global commitment towards the safeguarding and protection of the Environment through
the continuous improvement of its production processes and the making of increasingly more “eco friendly” products. With a view to guaranteeing the best possible service to clients in full observance of environmental standards and in response to the obligations imposed by European Directive 2000/53/EC on end-of-life vehicles, Alfa Romeo offers its clients the possibility to hand in their vehicle* at the end of its
life span without additional costs.
The European Directive, in fact, provides for the take-back of the vehicle without the last holder or owner of the same incurring expenses
due to the fact that the market value of the vehicle is zero or negative. In particular, in almost all of the countries of the
European Union, up until 1st January 2007, take-back of the vehicle free of charge only applies to vehicles registered from 1 July 2002
on, while, from 2007 on, take-back will be carried out free of charge, independently of the year of registration, provided that the vehicle
still contains all its essential component parts (especially engine and body) and is free from additional waste materials.
Our contracted network of authorised treatment facilities has been carefully selected in order to provide a quality service to our customers
by de-polluting and recycling “End of Life Vehicles” to approved environmental standards. To find out the location of your nearest authorised
treatment facility, offering free of charge take-back, simply contact one of our dealers or refer to the Alfa Romeo web site or call the toll free
number 00800 2532 0000.
* Passenger transportation vehicles to seat a max. of nine persons, having a total admissible weight of 3.5 t
NOTES
TYRE INFLATION PRESSURE COLD (bar)
Tyres
Tyres
Tyres
Tyres
205/55 R16 91W (*)
215/55 R16 93W
225/45 R17 91Y
235/40 R18 91Y
front
rear
front
rear
front
rear
front
rear
bar
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.7
2.5
2.7
2.7
Full load
bar
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.7
2.5
2.7
Spare wheel
bar
Reduced load
(2 occupants)
2.3
2.3
2.7
2.7
2.7
(*) For versions/markets where applicable
Tyre pressure should be increased by 0.3 bar when driving at sustained high speed. With winter tyres the pressure should be +0.2 bar higher than the rating specified for standard tyres.
ENGINE OIL REPLACEMENT (litres)
Engine oil (quantity for periodical change,
including the oil filter change)
3.2 V6 24V
JTD 20V
Multijet
5.90
5.0
Do not discard used oil in the environment
REFUELLING (litres)
3.2 V6 24V
JTD 20V
Multijet
Fuel tank capacity
69
69
Reserve (litres)
9
9
Only use unleaded petrol with no less than 95 R.O.N.
Only use Diesel fuel for motor vehicles that meet European Specification EN590.
QUALITY
ASSISTENZA TECNICA - INGEGNERIA ASSISTENZIALE
Largo Senatore G. Agnelli. 5 -10040 Volvera - Torino (Italia)
Fiat Auto S.p.A.
Publication no. 60431511 - 2nd Edition - 11/2006
All rights reserved. Reproduction, even in part is prohibited without written permission
from Fiat Auto S.p.A.
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