Cadillac 1996 DeVille Owner`s manual

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DEVILLE/
DEVILLE
CONCOURS
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The 1996 Cadillac DeVille/DeVille Concours Owner’s Manual
.............................................................
FeaturesandControls ..................................................................
This section explainshow to start and operate your Cadillac.
Comfort Controls and Audio Systems .....................................................
Seats and Restraint Systems
1-1
This section tells youhow to use your seats and safety belts properly.It also explains the “SIR” system.
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2-1
3-1
This section tellsyou how to adjust the ventilation and comfort controls and howto operate your
audio system.
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YourDrivingandtheRoad
4-1
Here you’ll find helpful information and tips about the road and how
to drive under different conditions.
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ProblemsontheRoad
5-1
This section tellsyou what to do if you have a problem while driving, such as a flat tire or overheated
engine, etc.
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CustomerAssistanceInformation ........................................................ 7-1
ServiceandAppearanceCare
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Here the manual tells you how to keep your Cadillac running properly and looking good.
This section tells you how to contact Cadillac for assistance and how
to get service and owner publications.
It also gives you information on “Reporting Safety Defects” on page7- 10.
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Index
................................................................................
8-1
Here’s an alphabetical listingof almost every subject in this manual. You can use it to quickly find
something you want to read.
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We support voluntary
technician certification.
GENERAL MOTORS, GM and the
GM Emblem,
CADILLAC, the CADILLAC Emblem and the
name DEVILLEDEVILLE CONCOURS are registered
trademarks of General Motors Corporation.
WE SUPPORT
VOLUNTARY TECHNICIAN
CERTIFICATION THROUGH
National Institute for
AUTOMOTIVE
SERVICE
EXCELLENCE
This manual includes the latest information at the time it
was printed. We reserve the right to make changes in the
product after that time without further notice.
For
vehicles firstsold in Canada, substitutethe name
“General Motors of Canada Limited” for Cadillac Motor For Canadian OwnersWho
Car Division whenever it appears in this manual.
French Language Manual:
so it will be
Please keep this manual in your Cadillac,
there if you ever need it when you’re on the road.
If you
sell the vehicle, please leave this manual
in it so the new
owner canuse it.
Prefer a
Aux proprietaires canadiens:Vous pouvez vous
procurer un exemplaire de ce guide en
fraqais chez
votre concessionaireou au:
DGN Marketing Services Ltd.
1500 Bonhill Rd.
Mississauga, Ontario L5T 1C7
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. 2563721 1 B 0 First Edition
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@Copyright General Motors Corporation
1995
All Rights Reserved
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The
PENALTY OF LEADERSHIP
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Cadillac Motor Car Co. Detroit. Mich. 1
THIS TEXT APPEARED AS AN ADVERTISEMENT IN THE SATURDAY EVENING POST f JANUARY 1ND. IN THE YEAR 1915 TI COPYRIGHT, CADILIAC MOTOR CAR DIVISION
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Few automobiles are fortunate enough
to have the rich heritage
that is Cadillac. The name Cadillac is appropriately that of
Antoine de La Mothe Cadillac, the French military commander
who founded the city of Detroit
in 1701. What better name for
the oldest automobile manufacturer in Detroit.
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Henry M. Leland, known as the master
of precision,
initiated his precision manufacturing techniques the
at
founding of Cadillac in 1902. His exacting standards
prompted themotto by which Cadillac has been guided
over the years-“Craftsmanship A Creed
-Accuracy
A Law.”
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commonplace as standardized parts are today, in 1908
parts were still individually hand fitted both
in
production and service.
in 1905
The introductionof the first four cylinder engine
led the industry and enabled Cadillacs to travel
at speeds
up to 50 mph.
For attentionto quality and innovation, the Royal
Automobile Club of England awarded the prestigious
Dewar Trophy to Cadillac twice. . . first in 1908 for
achieving perfect interchangeabilityof parts and again
for introducing theelectric self starter, electric lighting
and ignition systemon 1912 models. Cadillac is the
only American manufacturer to win this honor and
the only manufacturer in the world
to win it twice.As
V
VI6 Engines
1930-1940
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1949 Overhead
Valve High
Compression
V8 Engine
Standardization opened the eyes
of the industrial world
and was thecornerstone of modem assembly line
production. From this achievement evolved the
reference to Cadillac as “Standardof the World.”
In 1909 Cadillac was purchased by the then new
General Motors Corporation.
Convenience, cleanliness and all-weather comfort were
greatly enhancedin 1910 when Cadillac became the first
manufacturer to offer closed bodies as standard equipment.
“The Penalty of Leadership” frrst appearedin the
January 2, 1915 issue of The Saturday Evening Post as an
expression of the Caddac commitment to leadership,
quality and innovation. It is widely regarded as one
of the
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frnest documents ever written. It was published following
the introduction of the first production V8 engine, which
was standard in all Cadillacs beginning with the 1915
model.
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Many Cadillac "firsts" have followed over the years,
including the synchro-mech clashless transmission, a
nationwide comprehensive service policy, security plate
glass, chrome plating and the first car to be designed by
a stylist (1927 LaSalle/Harley Earl). The
'30s witnessed
production of the powerful, smooth and quiet V12 and
V16 engines. The crisp, contemporary linesof the 1938
60 Special series usheredin a new era in styling.
Vld Engine
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During World War 11, shortly after Pearl Harbor,
Cadillac discontinued car productionfor the fist time
since 1902 inorder to construct light tanks, combat
vehicles and internal parts for Allison V1710 engines.
Two Cadillac V8 enginesand Hydra-Matic
transmissions were usedin each M5AI and M24 tanks.
1931 V16 Sport Phaeton
vii
There are, tobe sure, many ways to describe the
superlative
motor
car
pictured.
“Beauty,”
“majesty,”“brilliance”
-allapply, in their
fullest meaning, to thisnew Cadillac. And yet,
from
this
wonderful
vocabulary,
we
have
selected “elegance” as the word that most fully
characterizes the Cadillac of 1960. The car’s
beautiful, clean-lined styling
is certainly elegant
beyond
compare.
its new interior luxury
provides a feeling
of elegance that can be sensed
nowhere else in the world of motor cars. And
even its new performance- smooth, quiet and
effortless -might be summarized
as “elegance
in motion.” Once you have seen and driven
for it
yourself, we think you will agree that the word is
“elegance” -and that thecar is Cadillac!
CADILLAC MOTOR CAR DMSION. GENERAL MOTORS CORFORATION
viii
Advertisement for 1960 Sixty Special
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advances such as air suspension, memory seat,
automatic electric door locks, transistor radio, a brushed
stainless steel roof and low profile tires.
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1957 Eldorado Brougham
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For .the1948 model, Cadillac introduced the
legendary
tail fin which once more set the trend in automotive
styling for nearly two decades.This was closely
followed with the two door hardtop Coupe DeVille
the industry's first modern overhead valve, high
compression V8 engine on the 1949 model.
Engineering innovations, conveniences and styling
dominated the '50s and '60s. Cruise control, automatic
climate control, tilt and telescoping steering wheels,
twilight sentinel and four door hard tops all debuted
these years. In 1957 the Eldorado Brougham featured
The Eldorado,introduced in 1953, was redesigned for
1967 as thefirst front wheel drive personalluxury car.
The 472 cu. in.V8 engine used in all Cadillacs in 1968
and 1969 was enlarged to500 cu. in. for all 1970
through 1976 Eldorados. The Track Master
computerized skid control braking system option
debuted on 1970 Eldorados.
and
A driver and passenger Air Cushion Restraint
system (air bag) was available on all 1974, 1975 and
1976 Cadillacs.
Analog Electronic Fuel Injection was available, on
1975 Cadillacs and standard on
the new international
in size 1976 Seville. In 1978, the Trip Computer option
incorporated the first on-board microprocessor.
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The electronicsand computerization which were
pioneered by Cadillac in the'70s came of age in the
'80s with Digital Fuel Injection and On-Board
Diagnostics in 1980, four wheel Anti-lock Brakes on
1986 models and Traction Control in the fall
of 1989.
to win all
The 1992 Seville STSwas the first car ever
three major automotive awards: Car of the Year, Motor
Trend; Ten Best List, Car& Driver; Carof the Year,
Automobile Magazine.
The year 1993 saw the introductionof the Northstar
32 valve,
system. The stateof the art system includes the
dual overhead camshaft, Northstar4.6 liter V8 engine,
4T80-E electronically controlled automatic transaxle,
road sensing suspension, speed sensitive steering,
anti-lock brakes and traction control.
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For more than nine decades Cadillac has
been a leader in
quality and technical innovation.Now more than ever,
Cadillac is "Creating a Higher Standard."
How to Use this Manual
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Many people read their owner’s manual from beginning
If you
to end when they first receive their new vehicle.
do this, it will help you learn about the features and
manual,you’ll find that
controls for your vehicle. In this
pictures and words work together to explain things
quickly.
Index
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A good place to look for what you need
is the Index in
the back of the manual. It’s an alphabetical list of all
that’s in the manual, and the page number where you’ll
find it.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
You will find a numberof safety cautions in this
book.
We use a box and the word CAUTION to
tell you about
if you were toignore the
things that could hurt you
warning.
I A CAUTION:
These mean’thereis something thatcould hurt
you or other peonle.
In the caution area,we tell you whatthe hazard is. Then .
we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce the
hazard. Please read these cautions.
If you don’t, you or
others could behurt.
You will also find a circle
with a slash through it
in
this book. This safety
symbol means “Don’t,’’
“Don’t do this,” or “Don’t
let this happen.”
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Vehicle Damage Warnings
Also; in this book you will find these notices:
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NOTICE:
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These mean there is something that
could
damage your vehicle.
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In the notice area,we.tell you about somethingthat can
damage your vehicle.Many times, this damage would
not be covered by your warranty, andit could be costly.
Buttell
thewill
notice
you
to what
avoid
help
do to
the
damage.
When you read other manuals, youmight see CAUTION
and NOTICE warnings in dBerent colors orin different
words.
You'll also see warning labels on your vehicle. They use
the samewords, CAUTION or NOTICE.
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Vehicle Symbols
These are someof the symbols you will find on your vehicle.
For example,
these symbols
are used on an
original battery:
CAUTION
POSSIBLE
INJURY
A
&
AVOID
SPARKS OR
FLAMES
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SPARK OR
FLAME
COULD
EXPLODE
BATTERY
These symbols
have to do with
your lights:
These symbols
are on some of
your controls:
These symbols
are used on
warning and
indicator lights:
WINDSHIELD
WIPER
COOLANT
TEMP
DOOR LOCK
UNLOCK
PROTECT
EYES BY
SHIELDING
CAUSTIC
BAllERY
ACID COULD
CAUSE
BURNS
These symbols
are important
for you and
your passengers
whenever your
vehicle is
driven:
TURN
SIGNALS
HAZARD
WARNING
FLASHER
@
BAllERY
CHARGING
SYSTEM
A
BRAKE
COOLANT
POWER
WINDOW
ENGINE OIL
PRESSURE
,111,
FOG LAMPS
$0
VENTILATING
FAN (
ANTI-LocK
BRAKES
Here are some
other symbols
you may see:
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FUSE
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LIGHTER
(a)
HORN h
= r .
a c>
w,
SPEAKER
FUEL
B
(@)
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NOTES
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Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems
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Here you'll find information about the seats
in your
Cadillac and how to use your safety belts properly.You
not do with
can also learn about some things you should
air bags and safety belts.
Power Seats
Seats and Seat Controls
This section tellsyou about the power seats-- how to
adjust them, and also about reclining front seatbacks,
memory seats, lumbar adjustments, heated
seats and
head restraints.
The power seat controls move and adjust the angle
of
the seat and they are located on the front doors.
1-1
Power Lumbar Control (Concours Only)
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Moving the frontSEAT ADJUSTER control to the
of the seat cushion
left or right tilts the front portion
up or down.
Moving the rear SEAT ADJUSTER control to the
left or right tilts the rear portion
of the seat cushion
up or down.
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Moving the center controlUP or DN moves the
entire seatup or down.
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Move the center control
FWD or BACK to move the
entire seat forwardor rearward.
1 3
The LUMBAR control is located on the outboard side
of
each front seat. It provides additional support your
to
lower back and it works independently
of the other seat
controls. Use the power seat control first to get the
proper position. Then proceed with the lumbar
adjustment.
To reshape the lower seatback, move the LUMBAR
switch forward to increase support and rearward to
decrease support. Move theLUMBAR switch side to
side to raiseor lower the support mechanism to suit your
preference.
Keep in mind thatas your seating position changes, as it
may during long trips,so should the positionof your
lumbar support. Adjust the seat as needed.
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Memory Seat (Option)
_.,,,..
,x,__”
(_u
..._.,,
l,,.l.l.”
......
1.1.*.1.1..-.”1...”-”..1...
Adjust the driver’s seat to a
comfortable position and
then press theSET button.
Within five seconds, press
the MEMORY button “1.” A
second seating position may
be programmed by repeating
the above steps and pressing
the MEMORY button“2”
............. instead of button 1.
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Note that each time a MEMORY button is pressed a
single beep will sound through the radio.
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If your vehicleis in PARK (P), you can recall a seating
position by briefly pressing MEMORY button 1 or 2.
This will adjust the seat to where you have previously
programmed it. If you have accidently pressed one
of the
memory recall buttons and want to stop seat movement,
This cancels
press oneof the manual seat control buttons.
a memory seat recall.
You can also recall a seat position
if your vehicle is not
in PARK (P). Press and hold eitherMEMORY button
until seat movement is complete. Releasing the
MEMORY button will stop seat adjustment.
The EXIT button can be programmedto allow easy exit
for up to two drivers. Adjustthe seat to a comfortable
SET button followedby the
“exit” position and press the
EXIT button. Within five seconds, press the MEMORY
button 1. A second exit position may be programmed
by
repeating the above steps and pressing the MEMORY
button 2 instead of button 1. Be aware that the exit recall
does not remember any recline positions.
While your vehicle is in PARK(P), briefly press the
EXIT button followedby the MEMORY 1 or 2 button to
recall your programmed exit position.
The exit position
may alsobe recalled if the vehicleis not in PARK (P) by
briefly pressing theEXIT button and then pressing and
holding either the MEMORY 1 or 2 button until seat
movement is complete. Releasing the MEMORY button
will stop seat adjustment.
if the Remote
Automatic seat movement will occur
Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter is used to enter the
vehicle. The number on the back of the transmitter
corresponds to the MEMORY1 or 2 seat position.
After the unlock button is pressed on the RKE
transmitter and the key is placed
in the ignition and
turned on, the seat will automatically adjust to the
appropriate MEMORY position.
1-3
Heated Front Seat (Option)
The controlis located on the outboard sideof each front
seat. Move theSEAT HEAT control to eitherLO or HI
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Reclining Front Seatbacks
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If you have the power recliner option, press
the
RECLINER control forwardor rearward to adjust the
To manually recline the seat, lift the lever on the outer seatback.
side of the front cushion and adjust the seatback to
where you want it. Release the lever to lock the seatback
in place. Pull up on the leverand the seat will return to
its full upright position.
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1-5
A CAUTION:
But don’t have a seatback reclinedif your vehicleis
moving.
1-6
Sitting in a reclined position whenyour vehicle is
in motion can be dangerous. Even if you buckle
up, your safetybelts can’t do their jobwhen
you’re reclined like this.
The shoulderbelt can’t do itsjob because it
won’t be against yourbody. Instead, itwill be in
front of you. In a crash you could go into it,
receiving neck or other injuries.
The lap belt can’t do its job either. In a crash the
belt could go up over your abdomen. The belt
forces would be there, not at your pelvic bones.
This could cause serious internalinjuries.
For proper protection when the vehicle is in
motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit
well
back in the seat and wear your safety belt properly.
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Head Restraints
Slide the head restraint up
or down so that thetop of the
of your ears. This position
restraint is closest to the top
reduces the chance of a neck injury in a crash.
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Your vehicle has a light that
comes on asa reminder to
buckle up. (See “Safety Belt
Reminder Light” in the
Index.)
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
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This part of the manual tells you how to use safety belts
properly. It also tells you some things you should not do
with safety belts.
And it explains the Supplemental Inflatable Restraint
(SIR),
or air bag system.
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I A CAUTION:
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Don’t let anyone ride wherehe or she can’t wear
a safety belt properly.If you are in a crash and
you’re not wearing a safety belt, your injuries
can be much worse. You can hit things insidethe
vehicle or be ejected from it. You can be seriously
injured or killed. In the same crash,you might
not be if you are buckled up. Always fasten your
safety belt, and check that your passengers’ belts
are fastened properly too.
In most states and Canadian provinces, the law says to
wear safety belts. Here’s why:They work.
You never know if you’ll be ina crash.If you do have a
crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one.
A few crashes are mild,and some crashes can beso
serious that even buckled
up a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashes are in between. In many of them,
people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk
away. Without belts they could have been badly
hurt or
killed.
After more than25 years of safety beltsin vehicles,
up does
the facts are clear. In most crashes buckling
matter ... a lot!
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Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as it
goes.
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Put someone on it.
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it’s justa seat on
wheels.
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Get itup to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
doesn't stop.
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The person keeps going until stoppedby something.
In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield
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or the instrument panel...
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does.
You get more time to stop. You stop overmore distance,
and your strongest bonestake the forces. That’s why
safety belts make such good sense.
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Here Are Questions Many PeopleAsk
About Safety Belts -- and the Answers
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Won’t I be trapped in thevehicle after an
accident if I’m wearinga safety belt?
A:
You could be -- whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down. And your chance
of
being conscious during andafter an accident,so
you can unbuckle and getout, is much greater if
you are belted.
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If my vehiclehas air bags, why shouldI have to
wear safety belts?
A:
Air bags are in many vehicles todayand will be in
most of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only;so they work with
safety belts-- not instead of them. Every air bag
system ever offered for sale
has required the useof
safety belts. Evenif you’re ina vehicle that has air
bags, you still haveto buckle up to get the most
protection. That’s true notonly in frontal collisions,
other collisions.
but especially in side and
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If I’m a good driver, andI never drive far from
home, why should I wear safetybelts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, butif you’re in an
accident -- even one that isn’t your fault
-- you and
your passengers canbe hurt. Beinga good driver
doesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
25 miles (40 km)of
Most accidents occur within
home. And the greatest number of serious injuries
and deaths occur at speeds
of less than 40 mph
(65 w w .
Safety belts are for everyone.
1-11
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How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Adults
This part is only for peopleof adult size.
Be aware that there are special
things to know about
safety beltsand children. And there are different rules
for smaller childrenand babies. If a child will be riding
in your Cadillac, see the part
of this manual called
“Children.” Follow those rules for everyone’s
protection.
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First, you’ll wantto know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driverhas a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to wear it
properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat (to seehow, see “Seats” in the Index)
so you can sit up straight.
1-12.
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3. Pick up thelatch plateand pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Be sure to use the correct buckle when buckling your
lap-shoulder belt.If you find that the latch plate will
not go fully into the buckle, see
if you are using the
buckle for the center passenger position.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sureisitsecure. If
the belt isn’t long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end
of this section.
Make sure the release buttonon the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quicklyif you ever had to.
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The lappart of the belt should beworn low and snugon
the hips, just touching the thighs.In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less
likely to slide underthe lap belt. If you slid under it, the
belt would apply forceat your abdomen. This could
cause serious or even
fatal injuries. The shoulder belt
should go over the shoulder and across the chest. These
parts of the body are bestable to take belt restraining
forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or crash.
Shoulder Beit Height Adjuster
Before you begin to drive, move the shoulder belt
adjuster to the height that is right
for you.
To move it down, squeeze the release handle move
and
You can move
the height adjuster to the desired position.
the adjuster up justby pushing up on the bottomof the
release handle. After you move the adjuster to where
you want it, try to move it down without squeezing the
release handle to make sure it has locked into position.
Adjust the heightso that the shoulder portion
of the belt
is centered on your shoulder. The belt should
be away
off your
from your face and neck, but not falling
shoulder.
Shoulder Belt Tightness
Adjustment
Your car has a shoulder belt tightness adjustment
feature. If the shoulder belt seems too tight, adjust it
before you begin to drive.
1. Sit well back in the seat.
2. Start pulling the shoulder belt out.
1-14
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3. Just before it reaches the end, give ita quick pull.
4. Let the belt go back all the way. You should hear a
slight clicking sound.If you don’t, the adjustment
feature won’tset, and you’ll have to start again.
5 . Now you can add a small amountof slack. Lean
If you’ve added more
forward slightly, then sit back.
than 1 inch (25 mm) of slack, pullthe shoulder belt
out as you did before and start again.
If you move around in the vehicle enough,
or if you pull
If
out the shoulder belt, the belt will become tight again.
this happens, you can reset it.
1-15
What’s wrong with this?
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A:
The shoulder belt is too loose. It won’t give nearly
as much protection this way.
1-16
A CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt
if your shoulder beltis
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder beltshould fit against your body. Don’t
allow more than1 inch (25 mm) of slack.
e:
What’s wrong with this?
A CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is
buckled in the wrong place like this. In a crash,
the belt would go up over your abdomen. The
belt forces would be there, not at the pelvic
bones. This could cause serious internal injuries.
Always buckle yourbelt into thebuckle nearest
you.
A:
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
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1-17
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What’s wrong with this?
I A CAUTION:
You can be seriouslyinjured if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. Ina crash, your
body wouldmove too far forward, which would
increase the chance of head and neck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to the
ribs, which aren’t as strong as shoulder bones.
You could also severelyinjure internal organs
like your liver or spleen.
A:
The shoulder beltis worn under the ann.It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
1-18
&:
What’s wrong with this?
I A CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured
by a twisted belt. In
a crash, you wouldn’t have the full widththeof
belt to spread impact forces. If a belt is twisted,
make it straight so it can work properly, orask
your dealer tofix it.
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The belt is twisted across the body.
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Supplemental Inflatable Restraint
(SIR) System
This partexplains the Supplemental Inflatable Restraint
(SIR) system or air bag system.
lour Cadillac has twoair bags -- one air bag forthe
driver and another airbag for the right front passenger.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back outof the way.
Before you closethe door, be sure the belt
is out of the
way. If you slam the door onit, you can damage both the
belt and your vehicle.
1-20
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Here arethe most important things to
know about theair
bag system:
A CAUTION:
You can be severely injured or killed in a crash if
you aren’t wearing your safety belt even if you
have an airbag. Wearing your safety belt during a
crash helps reduce yourchance of hitting things
inside the vehicle or being ejected from it. The air
bag is onlya “supplemental restraint.” That is, it
works with safety belts but doesn’t replace them.
Air bags are designed to work only in moderate to
severe crashes where the frontof your vehicle hits
something. They aren’t designed to inflate at all in
rollover, rear, side or low-speed frontal crashes.
Everyone inyour vehicle, including the driver,
should wear a safety belt properly whether or
not there’s an airbag for that person.
Air bags inflate with great force, faster than the
blink of an eye. If you’re too close to an inflating
air bag, it couid seriouslyinjure you. Safety belts
help keep you in position for an air bag inflation
in a crash. Always wear your safety belt, even
with an airbag. The driver should sit as far back
as possible while stillmaintaining controlof the
vehicle.
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I A CAUTION:
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An inflating air bag can seriously injure small
children. Always secure children properly in your
vehicle. To read how, see the partof this manual
called “Children” and thecaution label on the
right frontpassenger’s safety belt.
1-21
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There is an air bag readiness
light on the instrument
panel, which shows AIR
BAG.
How the Air Bag System Works
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AIR BAG
The system checks theair bag’s electrical systemfor
malfunctions. The light tells
you if there isan electrical
problem. See “AirBag Readiness Light” in the Index
for more information.
Where is the air bag?
The driver’sair bag is in the middle of the steering wheel.
1-22
A CAUTION:
Don’t put anythingon, or attachanything to, the
steering wheel or instrument panel. Also, don’t
put anything(such as pets or objects) between
any occupant and the steering
wheel or
instrument panel. If something is betweenan
occupant and an air
bag, it could affect the
performance of the airbag or worse, it could
cause injury.
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The right front passenger’s
air bag is in the instrument
panel on the passenger’s side.
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When should an air bag inflate?
The air bag is designedto inflate in moderate to severe
frontal or near-frontal crashes.The air bag will inflate
only if the impact speed is above
the system’s designed
“threshold level.”If your vehicle goes straight into a
wall that doesn’t moveor deform, the threshold level is
about 9 to 15 mph (14 to 24 km/h). The threshold level
can vary, however, withspecific vehicle design,so that
it canbe somewhat above or below this range. If your
or deform, such
vehicle strikes something that will move
as a parked car, the threshold level will be higher. The
air bag is not designed to inflate in rollovers, side
impacts or rear impacts, because inflation would not
help the occupant.
In any particularcrash, no one can say whether an air
bag should have inflated simply because
of the damage
to a vehicleor because of what the repair costs were. .
Inflation is determined by the angle of the impact and
the vehicle’s deceleration. Vehicle damage is only one
indication of this.
What makes an air bag inflate?
In a frontal ornear-frontal impact of sufficient severity,
the air bag sensing system detects that the vehicle is
suddenly stopping asa result of a crash. The sensing
system triggers a chemical reaction
of the sodium azide
sealed in the inflator. The reaction produces nitrogen
gas, which inflates the air bag. The inflator, air bag and
related hardware are allpart of the air bag modules
packed inside the steering wheel and in the instrument
panel in front of the right front passenger.
-.
How does an air bag restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheelor
the instrument panel. The air bag supplements
the,
protection provided by safety belts.Air bags distribute
the occupant’s
the force of the impact more evenly over
upper body, stopping the occupant more gradually. But
air bags would not help you in
many types of collisions,
including rollovers, rear impacts and side impacts,
primarily because an occupant’s motion is not towardthe
air bag. Air bags should neverbe regarded as anything
more than a supplement to safety belts, and then onlyin
moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions.
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Your vehicle has a feature thatwill automatically unlock
the doors andtum the interior lampson when the air bag
After the air bag inflates, it quickly deflates.This occurs
so quickly that some people may not even realize the air inflates (if battery power is available). Butif you want to,
you can lock the doors again andturn the interior lamps
bag inflated.Some components of the airbag module in
off by using the door lock and interior lamp controls.
the steering wheelhub for the driver’s air bag,
or the
an air bag,
instrument panel for the right front passenger’s bag, will m many crashes severe enough to inflate
windshields are broken by vehicle
defomation.
be hotfor a short time. The part of the bag that comes
Additional windshield breakage may
also occur from the
into contact with you
may be warm, but itwill never be
too hot to touch. There will be some smoke and dust
right front passenger air bag.
coming from vents in the deflated airbags. Air bag
0 The air bags are designed to inflate only once. After
inflation will not prevent the driver from seeing or from
new parts for your air
they inflate, you’ll need some
being able tosteer the vehicle, nor will it stop people
air bag system
bag system. If you don’t get them, the
from leaving the vehicle.
won’t be there to help protect you in another crash.
A new system will includeair bag modules and
possibly other parts. The service manual for your
CAUTION:
vehicle covers the need to replace other
parts.
0 Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and
When an air bag inflates, thereis dust in the air.
diagnostic module, which records information about
This dustcould cause breathing problems for
the air bag system. The module records information
people with a historyof asthma or other
about the readinessof the system, when the sensors are
breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in the
activated and driver’s safety belt usage at deployment.
vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe to do so.
If you have breathing problems but can’t
get out
of the vehicle after an air bag inflates, then get
fresh air by opening a window or
door.
What will you see after an air bag inflates?
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1-25
Let only qualified technicians work on your air bag
mean that yourair bag
system. Improper service can
system won’t work properly. See your dealer
for
service.
I NOTICE:
If you damage the cover for the driver’s or the
right frontpassenger’s air bag, they maynot
work properly. You may haveto replace the air
bag module in the steeringwheel or both the air
bag module and the instrumentpanel for the
right frontpassenger’s air bag. Do not open or
break theair bag covers.
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Cadillac
Air bags affect how your Cadillac shouldbe serviced.
There areparts of the air bag system in several places
around your vehicle. You don’t want the system to
inflate while someone isworking on your vehicle. Your
Cadillac dealer and the Cadillac service manual have
information about servicing your vehicle
and the air bag
system. To purchase a service manual, see “Service and
Owner Publications” in the Index.
I A CAUTION:
For up to10 seconds after theignition key is
turned o f fand the batteryis disconnected, an air
bag can still inflate during improper
service. You
can be injured if you are close to an air bag when
it inflates. Avoid wires wrappedwith yellow tape
or yellow connectors. They are probably part of
the air bag system. Be sure tofollow proper
service procedures, andmake sure theperson
performing work foryou is qualified to doso.
The air bag system does not need regular maintenance.
1-26
1
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
ry
Safety belts workfor everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injuredif they don’t wear safety belts.
The best way to protect the fetusis to protect the
mother. When a safety belt
is worn properly, it’s more
likely that the fetus won’t
be hurt in a crash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effectiveis wearing them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt. See “Driver Position,”
earlier in this section.
When thelap portion of the belt is pulled out all
the
way, it will lock. If it does, let it go back
all the way and
start again.
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A pregnant woman should weara lap-shoulder belt, and
the lap portion should be worn as low as possible, below
the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
1-27
Center Passenger Position
Lap Belt
If your vehicle has a front split seatand a rear bench
the center positions.
seat, someone can sit in
U
When you sit ina center seating positisn,you have a lap
safety belt, whichhas no retractor.To make the belt
longer, tilt the latch plate and pull it along the belt.
1-28
Rear Seat Passengers
It’s very important for rear seat passengers to buckle up!
Accident statistics show that unbelted people
in the rear
seat are hurt more often in crashes than those are
who
wearing safety belts.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be thrown
out of the vehicle ina crash. And theycan strike others
in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
Rear SeatOutside Passenger Positions
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To make the belt shorter, pull
its free endas shown until
the beltis snug.
Buckle, positionand release it the same way as the lap
Lap-Shoulder Belt
part of a lap-shoulder belt.If the belt isn’t long enough,
The positions next to the windows have lap-shoulder
see “Safety Belt Extender’’ at the end of this section.
Make sure the release buttonon the buckle is positioned belts. Here’s how to wear one properly.
so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly
if you ever had to.
1-29
I.
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don't let it get twisted.
The shoulder beltmay lockif you pull the belt across
you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt go back
slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt across
you
more slowly.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
-30
If the belt stops beforeit reaches the buckle, tilt the
can buckle it.
latch plate and keep pulling until you
F'ull up on thelatch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the beltis not long enough, see "Safety Belt
Extender" at the endof this section. Make sure the
release button on the buckle is positioned
so you
would be ableto unbuckle the safety belt quickly if
you ever had to.
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3. To make the lap part tight, pull down onthe buckle
end of the belt asyou pull up on the shoulder part.
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The lap partof the belt shouldbe worn low and snug on
the hips, just touchingthe thighs. In a crash,this applies
force to the strong pelvicbones. And you'd be less likely
to slide underthe lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force atyour abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should
go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These
parts of the
restraining forces.
body are best able to take belt
1-31
The safety belt locksif there's a sudden stopor a crash,
or if you pull the beltvery quickly outof the retractor.
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CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurtif your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt shouldfit against your body.
To unlatch the belt,just push the button on the buckle.
1-32
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Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! That iiicludes
than adult size. In fact,
infants and all children smaller
the lawin every state in the United Statesand in every
Canadian province says children up to some must
age be
restrained whilein a vehicle.
Smaller Children and Babies
‘ACAUTION:
Smaller children and babies should always be
restrained in a child or infant restraint. The
will say whether itis
instructions for the restraint
the right type and
size for your child. A very
young child’ship bones are so small that a
regular belt might not stay low on the hips,as it
should. Instead, thebelt will likely be over the
child’s abdomen. In a crash, thebelt would apply
force right on the child’s abdomen, which could
cause serious or fatalinjuries. So, be sure that
any child small enough for one isalways properly
restrained in a child or infant restraint.
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CAUTION: (Continued)
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heavy youcan't hold it. For example, ina crash
at only 25 mph (40 kdh), a 124b. (5.5 kg) baby
will suddenly become a 240-lb. (110 kg) force on
your arms.The baby would bealmost impossible
to hold.
Secure the baby in an infant restraint.
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A CAUTION:
'
Never hold a baby in your arms while riding ina
vehicle. A baby doesn't weighmuch until a
crash. During a crash a baby will becomeso
CAUTION: (Continued)
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1-34
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.
Child Restraints
Be sure the child restraintis designed to be used in a
it meets
vehicle. If it is, it will have a label saying that
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.
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Then follow the instructions for the restraint.
You may
find these instructionson the restraint itself orin a
in
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system
your vehicle, but the child also to
has
be secured within
of personal injury.
the restraint to help reduce the chance
The instructions that come
with the infant or child
restraint will show you how to do that.
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children
are safer if they
are restrained in the rear rather than the frontWe
seat.
at
General Motors, therefore, recommend that you put your
child restraint in the rear seat.
Never put a rear-facing
why:
child restraintin the front passenger seat. Here’s
I A CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured if the right frontpassenger’s air
bag inflates. This is becausethe back of a
rear-facing child restraintwould be very close to
the inflating air bag. Alwayssecure a rearfacing
child restraint in the rear seat.
You may, however, secure a forward-facing child
restraint in the right frontseat. Beforeyou secure
a forward-facing child restraint, always movethe
front passenger seat as far back as it will go. Or,
secure the child restraint in the rear.seat.
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A CAUTION:
Top Strap
'
'
A child in a child restraint in the center front seat
can be badly injured by the right frontpassenger
air bag if it inflates. Never secure achild restraint
in the center frontseat. It's always better to
secure achild restraint in the rearseat. You may,
however, secure a forward-facingchild restraint
in the right frontpassenger seat, but only with
the seatmoved all the way back.
Wherever you installit, be sure to secure the child
restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint'can move
around in a collisionor sudden stop and injure people
in the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any child
If your child restraint has a top strap, it should be
restraint in your vehicle-- even when no child isin it.
anchored. If you need to have an anchorinstalled, you
can ask your Cadillac dealerto put it in for you. If you
want to install an anchor yourself, your
dealer can tell
you how to do it.
1-36
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For cars first sold in Canada, child restraints with a top
strap mustbe anchored according to Canadian law.
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Outside Seat Position
Your dealer can obtain the hardware and
kit install it for
you, or you may install it yourself using the instructions
provided in the kit.
Use the tether hardwarekit available from the dealer.
The hardware and installation instructions were
specifically designedfor this vehicle.
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier
part
about the top strap
if the child restrainthas one.
1. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions
for the child- restraint.
as the
2. Secure the child in the child restraint
instructions say.
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3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
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1-37
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Tilt the latch plateto adjust the belt if needed.
If the shoulder beltgoes in front of the child's face or
neck, put it behind thechild restraint.
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4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be ableto unbuckle the
safety belt quicklyif you everhad to.
Securing a Child Restraint in the Center
Rear SeatPosition
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You’ll be usingthe lap belt.
A CAUTION:
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A child in a child restraint in the center front seat
can be badly injured by the rightfront passenger
5. To tighten the belt, pull up on the shoulder
belt while
air bag if it inflates. Never secure a child restraint
you push down on the child restraint.
in the center frontseat. It’s always better to
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
secure achild restraint in the rearseat. You may,
directions tobe sure itis secure.
however, secure a forward-facing child restraint
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s in the right frontpassenger seat, but only with
safety belt and let it go back the
all way. The safety belt
the seat moved all the way back.
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
the top strap ifthe child
See the earlier part about
restraint has one.
1-39
.
1. Make the belt as long as possible by tilting the latch
plate and pulling it along the belt.
2. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instmctions
for the child restraint.
3. Secure the childin the child restraint as the
instructions say.
..
4. Run the vehicle’s safety belt through or ar0~-;.:1 the
restraint. The child restraint instructionswill .;::?.ow
you how.
..
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.
5. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would beable to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly ifyou ever had to.
6. To tighten the belt, pull its free end while you push
down on the child restraint.
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7. Pushandpullthechildrestraint
in different
directions to be sure it is secure. If it isn’t, secure the
restraint in a different place in th.e vehicle and
contact the child restraint maker for their advice
about how to attach the child restraint properly.
Securing a ChildRestraintintheRight
Front Seat Position
To remove the child restraint,
just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt. Itwill be ready to work foran adult or larger
child passenger.
Your vehicle hasa right front passenger air bag.
Never
put a rear-facing child restraint in this seat. Here’s
why:
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A CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can
be
seriously injured if the right front passenger’s air
bag inflates. Thisis because the backof a
rear-facing child restraint
would be very close to
the inflatingair bag. Always securea rear-facing
child restraint in the rear seat.
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You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier
part
about thetop strap if the child restrainthas one.
1. Because your vehiclehas a right front passenger
air
bag, always move the seat far
as back as it will go
before securing a forward-facing child restraint. (See
“Seats” in the Index.)
2. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions
for the child restraint.
3. Secure the child in the child restraint as the
instructions say.
4. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through
or
around the restraint.The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
If the shoulder belt goes in front
of the child’s faceor
neck, putit behind the child restraint.
1-42
5. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release buttonis
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if
you ever had to.
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6. Pull the restof the lap belt all the
way out of the
retractor to set the lock.
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7. To tighten the belt, feed thelap belt back into the
retractor while you pushdown on the child restraint.
8. Push and pull the child restraint
in different
directions to be sure is
it secure.
To remove the child restraint,just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety beltand let it go back all theway. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready
to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
1-43
Larger Children
If you have the choice, a child should sit next to a
belt
window so the child can wear a lap-shoulder and
get the additional restraint a shoulder belt can provide.
Accident statistics show that children are safer
if they
are restrainedin the rear seat. But they need to use the
safety belts properly.
Children who aren’t buckled up can be thrown out
in
a crash.
Children.who aren’t. buckledup can strike other
people who are.
should
Children who have outgrown child restraints
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
1-44
S
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A CAUTION:
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Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same belt. The
belt can't properly spread the impact
forces. In a
crash, thetwo children can be crushed together
and seriously injured. A belt must be used by
only one person at a time.
@
What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but thechild is so small that the shoulderbelt is
very close tothe child's face or neck?
A:
Move the child toward the center of the vehicle, but
is on the child's
be sure that the shoulder belt still
shoulder, so that in a crash the child's upper body
If the
would have the restraint that belts provide.
child isso small thatthe shoulder belt is still very
close to the child's faceor neck, you might want to
place the child in the center seat position, the one
that has only lap
a belt.
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A CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting ina seat that hasa
lap-shoulder belt., but the shoulderpart is behind
the child. If the child wears thebelt in thisway, in
a crash thechild might slide underthe belt. The
belt's force would then be appliedright on the
child's abdomen. That could cause seriousor
fatal injuries.
Wherever the child sits, the
lap portion of the belt
should be worn low and snug on the hips,just touching
the child's thighs. This applies belt force
to the child's
pelvic bones ina crash.
1-46
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Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you,
you
should use it.
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But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your
dealer will orderyou an extender. It’s free.When you go
in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear,so the
extender willbe long enough for you. The extender will
be just for you, andjust for the seat in your vehicle that
you choose. Don’t let someone else use it, and use
it
only for the seatit is made to fit.
To wear it, just attach
it to the regular safety belt.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a
crash. They canrip apart under impact forces. If a belt
is torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
I
Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers, and
have them repairedor replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
If you’ve had a crash,
do you need new belts?
Checking Your Restraint Systems
After a very minor
collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched, as they would be if worn
during a more severe
crash, then you need new belts.
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and
Look for any other
anchorages are working properly.
loose or damaged safetybelt system parts. If you see
anything that might keep a safety belt system from
doing its job, have it repaired.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
damage also may mean you will need to have safety
belt
or seat parts repaired
or replaced. New parts and repairs
may be necessaryeven if the belt wasn’t being used at
the timeof the collision.
If an air bag inflates, you’ll needto replace air bag
system parts. See the parton the air bag system earlier
in this section.
1-47
NOTES
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Section 2 Features and Controls
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Here you can learn about the many standard and optional
features on your Cadillac, and informationon starting,
shifting and braking. Also explained are the instrument
panel and the warning systems that tellyou if everythmg is
working properly-- and what to do if you have a problem.
Keys
. ...(
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A CAUTION:
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Leaving youngchildren in a vehicle with the
ignition key is dangerous for many reasons. A child
or others could be badlyinjured or even killed.
They could operate power windows or other
controls or even make thevehicle move. If they
turned the ignition to on and
moved the shift
lever out of PARK (P), that would release the
parking brake. Don't leave the keys in a vehicle
with young children.
2-1
The squarekey is for the
ignition only. It has a
resistor pellet which is part
of the vehicle’s
PASS-Key% system.
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that tells the dealeror a qualified locksmithhow to
make extra keys.The ignition key hasa bar code tag
Your dealer
attached toit rather than a knock out plug.
or qualified locksmith can make
extra ignition keysby
reading thebar code tag.
There are 15 alternative ignitionPASS-Key II blanks to
help discourage theft. Keep the
bar code tag andthe
door key plugs in a safe place. If you lose your keys,
you will be able to have new ones made using the plug
or bar code tag.
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2-2
When a new Cadillac is delivered, thedealer removes
the plug from the door key. The plug has a code on it
The oval key isfor the
doors and all other locks.
I NOTICE:
Your Cadillac has a number of new features that
can help prevent theft.You can have a lot of
trouble getting into your vehicle you
if ever lock
your keys inside andyou may have to damage
your vehicle to get in.Be sure you have extra keys.
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Door Locks
A CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
Passengers especially children can easily
open the doors and fall
out. When a door is
locked, the inside handle won’t open it.
Outsiders can easily enter through an unlocked
door when you slowdown or stop yourvehicle.
This may not beso obvious: You increase the
chance of being thrown outof the vehicle in a
crash if the doorsaren’t locked. Wear safety belts
properly, lock yourdoors, and you will befar
better off whenever you drive your vehicle.
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Slide the lock lever downlock
to the door from the
up.
inside. To unlock the door, slide the lock lever
Central Door Unlocking System
Your vehicle will have this feature ifit is equipped with
the optional theft-deterrent system. When unlocking
either front door,you can unlock theother doorsby
holding ..aekey in the turned position fora few seconds
There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle. or by quickly rotating the doorkey twice inthe
From the outside, use your door key.
lock cylinder.
If your vehicle has the optional theft-deterrent system,
unlock the doorswith the key or Keyless Entry system.
This will avoid settingoff the alarm.
2-3
Power Door Locks
Automatic Door Locks
Close your doors and turn
on the ignition. Everytime
you move the shift lever out
of PARK (P) all of the
doors will lock. The doors will unlock every time you
stop the vehicle and move the shift lever into
PARK (P).
If someone needs to get out while your vehicle is not in
PARK (P), have that person use the manual or power
lock. When thedoor is closed again, it will not lock
automatically. Use the manualor power lock to lock the
door again.
Programmable Automatic Door Locks
Press the power door lockto lock or unlock all the
rear power door locks only provide a
doors at once. The
lock function as a safety feature. They will not unlock
the doors.
2-4
With the ignition in the RUN position,
the.door locks
can be programmed through the Driver Information
Center (DIC) to allow the driver to choosevarious lock
settings. Press the RESET button to answer “yes”
and press the INFORMATION button to indicate
a
“no” response.
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To begin programming, press the
INFORMATION and
Rear Door Security Locks
RESET buttons at the same time. The first prompt to
Your Cadillac is equipped
appear isAUTOMATIC DOOR LOCK?. You must
with rear door security
press theRESET button when this prompt appears to
locks that help prevent
to
continue programming the doors. The next prompt
passengers from opening
appear isENABLE ALL DOORS FOR LOCK AND
the rear doorsof your
UNLOCK?. This selection locks all doors when shifting
vehicle from the inside.
out of PARK (P) and unlocks all doors when shifting
To use this lock:
back intoPARK (P). DISABLE ALL.DOORS FOR
LOCK AND UNLOCK? is used whenyou do not want
ENABLE ALL
any automatic lock functions. The
LOCKS AND DRIVER DOOR UNLOCK? prompt
locks all doorswhen shifting outof PARK (P)and
unlocks only the driver’s door when shifting back into
PARK (P). ENABLE ALL DOORSFOR LOCK
ONLY? selection appears next. This prompt is used to 1. .Move the leveron the door all the way up to the
ENGAGED position.
lock alldoors when shifting out ofPARK (P) and keeps
the doors locked when you shift back into
PARK (P).
2. Close the door.
A yes or no response must be programmed when a
3. Do the same thing to the other rear door lock.
prompt is displayed.A yes response selects the prompt
The rear doorsof your vehicle cannotbe opened from
and a no response displays the
next prompt.
the inside when thisfeature is in use.
When you finish programming the
door locks, the next
When you want to open a reardoor when the security
prompt to appearis for the vehicle storage mode. For
more information on vehicle storage, see “Battery Guard lock is on:
Storage” laterin this section.
1. Unlock the door from the inside.
2. Then open the door from the outside.
2-5
To cancel the rear doorlock:
1. Unlock the door from the inside and open the door
from the outside.
2. Move the leverall the way down.
3. Do the same for the other rear door.
normally.
The rear door locks will now work
Keyless Entry System
4
With this feature, you can
lock and unlock the doors,
unlock thetrunk, open the
fuel door and turnon your
vehicle's interior l a m ~ s
from up to 30 feet (9 'tn)
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Anti-Lockout Feature
Leaving your key in any ignition positionwith the driver's
door openwill disable the useof the power door lock
switches. The anti-lockout feature is disabled when the
ignition is on.If you close the door,you can lock it using
the Keyless Entry system. It is always recommended that
your vehicle.
you remove your ignition key when locking
Note that this featureis only available with the dtrver's
door open.
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Your Keyless Entry system is intendedbetoused asa
supplementary vehicle entry device. is
It not intendedto
replace, but rather should
be used in conjunction with, a
door lock key. It operates on a radio frequency subject to
Federal Communications Commission(FCC) Rules.
Also note that the anti-lockoutfeature can be overridden
by holding the powerdoor lock switch for three seconds
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
or longer.
Operation is subjectto the following two conditions:
(1) This.device may not cause harmful interference, and
Leaving Your Vehicle
(2) This device must accept any interference received,
If you are leaving the vehicle, open the door, set the
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
out and close thedoor.
locks from the inside, get
2-6
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Should interferenceto this system occur,try this:
a Check to determineif battery replacementis
necessary. See the instructions on battery
replacement.
0
Check the distance. You may be too far from your
vehicle. This product has a maximum range.
a Check the location. Other vehicles
or objects may be
blocking the signal.
a See your Cadillac dealer
or a qualified technician
for service.
Changes or modifications tothis system by other thanan
authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
Operation
*
When you press this symbolto unlock the
driver’s door, theparking lamps on your vehicle will
blink twice. Pressingit again withinfive seconds will
unlock the other doors. Pressing this button will
also
disarm the optional theft-deterrent system and turn
on the interior lamps at night.
8
When you press this symbol to lock the doors,
the parking lampswill blink once.This also arms the
optional theft-deterrent system.
trunk.
Press this symbol to open the
@
Press this button to open the fuel door.
also be used to recall
The Keyless Entry transmitter can
the memory seats for up two
to drivers. For more
in the Index.
information see, “Memory Seat”
Note that pressing the transmitter buttons numerous
times (approximately500 times) out of the vehicle’s
operating range may cause the transmitter to
notwork.
Replacing the battery and pressing the transmitter
buttons 10 or more times out of rangewill also cause
the transmitter not to work.
To reset the transmitter,
you mustbe within the.vehicle’s operating range. Press
and hold thetrunk button and within one second
press the lock button. Continue to hold both buttons
for approximately three seconds. See your Cadillac
dealer for serviceif your transmitter still doesn’t
work properly.
2-7
Matching Transmitter(s) To Your Vehicle
Each key chain transmitteris coded to prevent another
transmitter from unlocking yourwehicle.If a transmitter
is lostor stolen, a replacement canbe purchased through
your dealer. Once thenew transmitter is coded, the lost
transmitter will not unlock your vehicle. Each vehicle
can have only two transmitters matchedit.to
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the battery in your key chain
transmitter should last about
four years.
You can tell the battery is weak
if the transmitterwon't
work at thenormal range in any location. Ifyou have to
get close to your vehicle before the transmitter works,
it's probably time to change the battery.
,
...
1. Use the round endof the door keyor a coin to pry
open the transmitter.
..
Trunk
~~~
A CAUTION:
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2. Remove the battery and replace it with aCR2032
battery. Using the wrongsize battery can damage the
transmitter. Make sure the battery is positioned with
the “plus”(+) facing down.
3. Align the internal piecesof the transmitter, including
the cover. Snap together to reinstall.
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It can be dangerous to drivewith the trunklid
open because carbon monoxide (CO)gas can
come into yourvehicle. You can’t see or smell
CO. It can cause unconsciousness and even death.
If you must drive with the trunklid open or if
electrical wiringor other cableconnections must
pass through the seal between the body and the
trunk lid:
Make sure allwindows are shut.
f i r n the fan on your heatingor cooling
system to itshighest speed with the setting
on AUTO or ECON and the temperature
between 65°F (18OC) and 85°F (29°C).
That will force outside air into yourvehicle.
See “Comfort Controls”in the Index.
If you have air outlets onor under the
instrument panel, open them all theway.
See “Engine Exhaust” inthe Index.
2-9
Trunk Lock Release
Security Override
....
To use this feature,
your vehicle mustbe in
PARK (P). Press thetrunk
release button located on
the headlamp control panel
on the left sideof the
instrument panel to open
the trunk.
Pressing theVALET button
located insideof the glove
box will disable the use
of
the trunk,fuel door and
garage door opener.
Pressing this button again
I will make these features
i reusable. Locking the glove
box with thedoor key
I will also helpto secure
your vehicle.
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Note that the Keyless Entry transmitter can not be used
to open the trunk or fuel doorif the VALET button is
pressed in.
2-10
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Trunk Lid Automatic Pull-Down Feature
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CAUTION:
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Your car has an automatic pull-down feature that
helps close the trunk electronically.Your fingers
can be trapped under the trunk lid
as it goes
down. Yourfingers could be injured, and you
would need someone to help you free them. Keep
your fingers away from the trunk lid
as you close
it and as it is going down.
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Theft
Vehicle heft is big business, especiallyin some cities.
Although your Cadillac has a number of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put on it can make it
impossible to steal. However, thereare ways you can help.
When you park your Cadillac and open the driver’s
door, you’ll heara chime reminding you to remove your
key from the ignition and take it with you. Always do
this. Your steering wheel willbe locked, andso will
your ignition and transaxle. And remember to lock
the doors.
Parking at Night
Park in a lighted spot, close all windows and lock your
vehicle. Remember to keepyour valuables outof sight.
Put them ina storage area,or take them with you.
Parking Lots
If you park ina lot where someone will be watching
your vehicle, it’s best to lock it up and take your keys.
to leave your ignition key? What if
But what if you have
in your vehicle?
you have to leave something valuable
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Key in the Ignition
If you leave your vehicle with the keys inside, an
it’s
easy targetfor joy ridersor professional thieves-- so
don’t do it.
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Put your valuables in a storage area, like your
trunk
or glove box.
Lock the glove box.
Lock all the doors except the driver’s.
Then take the door key and remote lock controlkey
chain with you.
2-11
Theft-DeterrentSystem (Option)
SECURITY
If your ignitionis off and
any dooris open, the
SECURITY light will flash
reminding you toactivate
the system (the light will
also flash if the battery has
been disconnected or
reconnected).
1. Open the door.
2. Lock the door using the power door lock
or the
Keyless Entry system. TheSECURITY light should
come on and stay on.
3. Close all the doors. The SECURITY light should go
off within approximately30 seconds.
The horn will sound and the lamps will flashfor several
minutes when the door ortrunk is opened without the
key or Keyless Entry system. The
horn also soundsif
the locksare damaged.
3 13
Remember, the theft-deterrent system won’t activate
if
you lock thedoors with a key or use the manual door
lock. It activates onlyif you use a power door lock
switch or the Keyless Entry system.
To avoid activating the alarmby accident:
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The vehicle shouldbe locked with the door keyafter
the doorsare closed if you don’t wantto activate the
theft-deterrent system.
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Always unlock a door with a key or use the Keyless
Entry system. (Pressing the unlock button on the
Keyless Entry transmitter disables
the theft-deterrent
system.) Unlockinga door any other way will
activate the alarm. Cyclingthe ignition without
disarming the theft-deterrent system will also
activate the alarm.
If you activate the alarm by accident, unlock any door
with your key.You can alsoturn off the alarmby using
the Keyless Entry system. The alarm won’t stop
if you
try to unlock a door any other way.
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Testing the Alarm
PASS-Key%
1. From inside the vehicle, roll downthe window, then
get out of the vehicle, keeping the door open.
I
2. From outside of the vehicle, with the door open, lock
the vehicle using the power door lock
or the Keyless
Entry system and close the door. Wait30 seconds.
3. Reach in and unlock the door using the manual
lock
and open the door. The horn will sound and the
headlamps will flash.
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Your vehicle is equipped
with the PASS-KeyI1
theft-deterrent system.
PASS-Key I1 is a passive
system. The systemis
armed when the key is
removed from the ignition.
If the a l m does not sound when it should, check
to see
if the horn works. The horn fuse may be blown. To
replace the fuse, see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the
Index. If the fuse does not need be
toreplaced, you may
need to have your Cadillac serviced.
PASS-Key 11uses a resistor pellet in the ignition keythat
is readby a decoder module-in your vehicle.
If the key
To reduce the possibility of theft, always activate the
optional theft-deterrent system when leaving your vehicle. resistor matches the code storedin the vehicle module, the
be enabled. If an
vehicle’s fuel and starting systems will
incorrect key is used, the vehicle’s fuel and
starting
systems are disabled for
three minutes. Additional attempts
during this lockout period will not start the car.
If the engine does notstart and the STARTING
DISABLED DUE TO THEFTSYSTEM, REMOVE
IGNITION KEY message is displayedin the Driver
Information Center, yourkey should be checked for
damage. Starting may be attempted with an undamaged
2-13
key immediately. Seeyour Cadillac dealer or a
locksmith forkey service.
If the STARTING DISABLED DUE TO THEFT
SYSTEM, REMOVE IGNITION KEY and WAIT
3 MINUTES messages are displayed, the key should
New Vehicle CLBreak-In’’
NOTICE:
Your modern Cadillac doesn’t need an elaborate
be cleaned and dried. After three minutes,try again.
A START CAR message will appear at this
time. If
“break-in.” But it will perform better in the long
the engine still does not start, wait
3 minutes andtry a
run if you follow these guidelines:
be checked (see
duplicate key. At this time, fuses should
Don’t drive at any one speed fast or
in the Index). If the engine
“Fuses and Circuit Breakers”
slow for the first500 miles (804 km).
does not start with the duplicate key, your vehicle needs
Don’t make full-throttle starts.
service. See your Cadillac dealer
for service.
0 Avoid making hard stops forthe first
If the THEFT SYSTEM PROBLEM message is
200 miles (322km) or so. During thistime
your vehicle needs
displayed during vehicle operation,
your new brake linings aren’t yet broken
servicing. Your vehicle will restartif you turn it off;
in. Hard stops with new linings can mean
however, your vehicle may be unprotected. See your
premature wear and earlierreplacement.
Cadillac dealer for service.
Follow this breaking-in guideline every
If an ignition key is lost or damaged, seeyour Cadillac
time you get new brake linings.
dealer or a locksmithto have a newkey made.
0 Don’t tow a trailer during break-in.See
“Towing a ’Ilrailer” in the Indexfor more
information.
--
2-14
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3
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Ignition Positions
can turn
With the ignition key in the ignition switch, you
the switch to five different positions:
I NOTICE:
ACCESSORY (A): This position lets you use things
like the radio and the windshield wipers when the
engine is off. To get intoACCESSORY, push in the key
and turn it toward you. The steering wheel will remain
locked, just as it was before you inserted the key.
If your key seems stuck in LOCK and you can’t
turn it, be sure it is all the way in. If it is, then
turn the steering
wheel left and rightwhile you
turn thekey hard. But turn thekey only with
your hand. Using a tool to force itcould break
the key or the ignition switch. If none of this
works, then your vehicle needs service.
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LOCK (B): Before you put the key in,the ignition will
be in theLOCK position. Thisis the only positionin
which you can remove the key.This position locks the
ignition, steering wheeland transaxle. It’sa
theft-deterrent feature.
OFF (C): This position letsyou turn off the engine but
still turn the steering wheel.It doesn’t lock the steering
wheel likeLOCK. Use OFF if you must haveyour
vehicle in motion while the engine
is off (for example,if
your vehicleis being pushed).
RUN (D):This is the position for driving.
START (E):This starts the engine.
2-15
Retained Accessory Power
1. Without pushing the accelerator pedal,turn your
ignition key to START. When the enginestarts, let
go of the key. The idle speed will go down as your
The following accessories on your Cadillac
may be used
for up to 10 minutes after the ignition key
is turned
engine gets warm.
to om:
Radio
0
NOTICE:
PowerWindows
Astroroof
Holding your key in START for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to
be drained much sooner. And the excessive heat
can damage your startermotor.
Power to these accessories stops after10 minutes or if any
door is opened.If you want power for another10 minutes,
turn the ignition key toRUN and then back toOFF.
Starting Your Engine
Move your shift leverto PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine won’t start in
any other position -- that’s a
safety feature.To restart when you’re already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
NOTICE:
Don’t tryto shift to PARK(P)if your Cadillac
is moving. If you do, you could damage the
transaxle. Shiftto PARK (P)only whenyour
vehicle isstopped.
2-16
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2. If it doesn’t start right away, hold your key
in
START for about three seconds aattime until your
engine starts. Wait about 15 seconds between each
try to help avoid draining your
battery.
3. If your engine still won’t start (or starts but then
stops), it could be
flooded with too much gasoline.
Try pushing your accelerator pedal all the
way to the
floor and holding it there as you hold the key in
START for about three seconds.If the vehicle starts
briefly but then stopsagain, do the same thing.
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NOTICE:
Engine Coolant Heater (Option)
(Canada Only)
Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts oraccessories, you couldchange theway
the engine operates. Before adding electrical
equipment; check with your dealer. If you don’t,
your engine might not perform properly.
If you ever have to have your vehicle towed,see
the partof this manualthat tells how to do it
without damaging your vehicle. See “Towing
Your Vehicle”in the Index.
In very cold weather,0°F (- 18 C) or colder, the engine
coolant heater can help.
You’ll get easier starting and
better fuel economy during engine warm-up. Usually,
the coolant heater should
be pluggedin a minimum of
four hours prior to starting your vehicle.
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2-17
To use the coolant heater:
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
.3. Plug it into a nonnal, grounded 110-volt AC outlet.
I A CAUTION:
Plugging the cord intoan ungrounded outlet
could cause an electrical shock. Also, the wrong
kind of extension cord could overheat andcause
a fire. You could be seriously injured. Plug the
cord intoa properly grounded three-prong
110-volt AC outlet. If the cord won’t reach, usea
heavy-duty three-prong extension cord rated for
at least 15 amps.
4. After you’ve used the coolant heater, be sure to store
from moving
the cord as it was before to keep it away
engine parts. If you don’t, it couldbe damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answer depends on the outside temperature, the
kind of oil you have and some other things. Instead of
you contact
trying to list everything here, we ask that
your Cadillac dealer in the area where you’ll be parking
your vehicle. The dealer can giveyou the best advice for
that particular area.
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2-18
Automatic Transaxle Operation
The automatic transaxle has a shift lever located
on the
steering column.
There are several different
positions for the shift lever.
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PARK (P):This locks the front wheels. It’s the best
A CAUTION:
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the
shift lever is not fully in PARK (P)with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle whenthe engineis
running unless you haveto. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle canmove suddenly.
You or otherscould be injured. To be sureyour
vehicle won’t move, even whenyou’re on fairly
level ground, alwaysset your parking brake and
move the shift lever to PARK (P).
See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index. If
you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towinga Trailer” in
the Index.
position to use when you start the engine because your
vehicle can’t move easily.
2-19
Ensure the shift lever
is fully in PARK (P) range before
starting the engine.Your Cadillac has a brake-transaxle
shift interlock. You have to fullyapply your regular
brakes before you can shift fromPARK (P) when the
ignition key is in the RUN position. If you cannot
shift outof PARK (P),ease pressureon the shift
lever -- push the shift leverall the way into PARK (P)
and release the shift lever button
on the floor shift
console models asyou maintain brake application. Then
you wish. (Press the
move the shift lever into the gear
shift lever button before moving the shift
lever on floor
of PARK (P)”
shift console models.) See “Shifting Out
in this section.
2-20
REVERSE (R):Use this gear to back up.
I NOTICE:
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Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicleis
moving forward could damage
your transaxle.
Shift to REVERSE (R)only after your vehicle
has stopped.
Also use this gearto rock your vehicle backand forth to
get out of snow, iceor sand without damaging your
transaxle. See “If You’re Stuck inSand, Mud, Iceor
Snow” in the Index for additional information.
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NEUTRAL (N): In this position, the engine doesn’t
connect with the wheels.
To restart when you’re already
moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. Also, use
NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.
I A CAUTION:
Shifting outof PARK (P)or NEUTRAL (N) while
your engine is “racing” (running
at high ,speed) is
dangerous. Unless your foot is firmly on the
brake pedal, your vehicle could move very
rapidly. You could losecontrol and hit people or
objects. Don’t shift out of PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) while your engine is racing.
I NOTICE:
Damage to your transaxlecaused by shifting out
of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N)with the engine
racing isn’t covered by your warranty.
(a):
This position is for normal driving.
OVERDRIVE
If you need more power for passing, and you’re:
Going less than 35 mph (55 km/h), push the
accelerator pedal about haliivay down:
Going about 35 mph (55 km/h)
or more, push the
accelerator all theway down.
The transaxle will shift down to the next gear and
have more power.
NOTICE:
If your vehicle seemsto start up rather slowly, or
if it doesn’t seem to shift gears as you accelerate,
something may bewrong with a transaxle system
sensor. If you drive very far that way, your
vehicle can be damaged. So if this happens, have
your vehicle serviced right away. Until then, you
can use SECOND (2) when you are drivingless
than 35 mph (55 k d h ) and OVERDRIVE (@)
for higher speeds.
2-21
THIRD (3): This position is also used for
noma1
driving however,it offers more powerand lower fuel
economy than OVERDRIVE (0).
Here are examples for
using THIRD (3) instead of
OVERDRIVE (@):
0
When driving on hilly, winding roads.
0
When towing a trailer, so there is less shifting
between gears.
When going down a steep hill.
SECOND (2): This position gives you more power.You
can use SECOND (2) on hills. It can help control your
speed as you go down steep mountain roads, but then
you would also wantto use your brakesoff and on.
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I NOTICE:
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FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power
than SECOND (2). You can use iton very steep hills,
or in deep snowor mud. (If the shift lever isput in
FIRST (l), the transaxle won’t shift into first
gear
until the vehicleis going slowly enough.)
I NOTICE:
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If your front wheels can’t rotate, don’t try to
drive. This might happenif you were stuck in
very deep sand or mud or were up against a solid
object, You could damage your transaxle.
Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold
your vehicle there with onlythe accelerator
pedal. This couldcause overheating anddamage
the transaxle. Use your brakes to hold your
vehicle in position on a hill.
Don’t shift intoSECOND (2) unless you are going
slower than 65 rnph (105 k d h ) , or you can
damage your engine.
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Parking Brake
Hold the regular brake
pedal down with your right
foot and pushdown the
parking brake pedal with
your left foot toset the
parking brake. Ifthe
ignition is on, thePARK
BRAKE indicator light will
come on.
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If you try to driveoff with the parking brakeon, the
PARK BRAKE indicator light stayson. See "Parking
Brake Indicator Light" in the Index for more
information.
When you moveout of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N), if
the engine isrunning, the parking brake should release.If
it doesn't, you can manually release 'the parking brake.
Reach under the driver's side
of the instrument panel
and pull on the manual release lever, which is located
above the parking brake pedal.
If the parking brake does
not release, you will have to have your vehicle serviced
2-23
I A CAUTION:
If your handor arm is in the way of the pedal,
you could behurt. The pedal springs back
away when you
quickly. Keep your hand and arm
use the manual’releaselever.
I NOTICE:
Driving with the parkingbrake on cancause
your rear brakes to overheat. You may haveto
replace them and you could also damage other
parts of your vehicle.
If you are towing a trailer and areparking on a hill, see
“Towing a Trailer” in the Index. This section shows
what to do first to keep the trailer from moving.
3 3 A
Shifting Into PARK (P)
A CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shiftlever is not fully inPARK (P)with the
parking brake firmlyset. Your vehiclecan roll.
If you have leftthe engine running, the vehicle
can move suddenly. You or others could be
injured. To be sure yourvehicle won’t move, even
when you’re on fairly level ground, use the steps
that follow. If you’re pulling a trailer, see
“Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
Steering Column Shift Lever
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1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot.
2. Move the shift leverinto the PARK (P) position
like this:
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e Move the lever up as far as it will go.
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h your right foot still holding the brake
pedal
3. W
down, set the parking brake.
LOCK.
4. Move the ignition key to
Pull the lever toward you.
5. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
leave your vehicle with the ignition key
in your
hand, your vehicle isin PARK (P).
2-25
Leaving Your Vehicle With the
Engine Running
IA
CAUTION:
It can be dangerousto leave your vehiclewith the
engine running. Your vehicle could move
suddenly if theshift leveris not fully inPARK (P)
with the parking brakefirmly set. And, ifyou
leave the vehicle with the engine running,
it could
overheat and even catch fire.
You or others could
be injured. Don’tleave your vehicle with
the
engine running unlessvou have to.
I
If you haveto leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle
is in PARK (P)and your
parking brake is firmlyset before you leaveit. After
you’ve moved the shift lever into the PARK
(P)
position, hold the regular brake pedal down. Then, see
from PARK (P)
if you can move the shift lever away
without first pullingit toward you. If youcan, it means
that the shift lever wasn’t fully locked into
PARK (P).
Torque Lock
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your
transaxle intoPARK (P) properly, the weightof the
vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl
in
the transaxle.You may find it difficult to pull the shift
To
lever out ofPARK (P). This is called “torque lock.”
prevent torque lock, set the parking brake
and then shift
into PARK (P) properly beforeyou leave the driver’s
seat. To find out how, see “Shifting IntoPARK (P)” in
the Index.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have another
vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some
of the
pressure from the transaxle,so you can pull the shift
lever outof PARK (P).
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2-26
Shifting Out of PARK (P)
Parking Over Things That Burn
Your Cadillac has a brake-transaxle shift interlock.
You
have to fully apply your regular brakesbefore you can
shift fromPARK (P) when the ignition is in theRUN
position. See “Automatic Transaxle” in the Index.
If you cannot shiftout of PARK (P), ease pressure on
the shift lever-- push the shift leverall the way into
PARK (P) and also release the shiftlever button on floor
shift models as you maintain brake application. Then
move the shift lever intothe gear you want:If you ever
of
hold the brake pedal down but still can’t shift out
PARK (P), try this:
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1. Turn the key to OFF. Open and close the driver’s
door to turn off the Retained Accessory Power
feature.
2. Apply and hold the brake until the endof Step 4.
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3. Shift to NEUTRAL (N).
4. Start the vehicle and then shiftto the drive gear
you want.
5. Have the vehicle fixed as soonas you can.
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I A CAUTION:
I
Things that canburn could touch hot exhaust
parts under your vehicle and ignite. Don’t park
over papers, leaves, dry grass or other things that
can burn.
Engine Exhaust
/r\ CAUTION:
Engine exhaust cankill. It contains the gas
carbon monoxide (CO), which you can’t seeor
smell. It can causeunconsciousness and death.
You might have exhaust coming in if:
Your exhaust system sounds strange
or different.
Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
Your vehicle was damaged when driving over
high points on the roador over road debris.
Repairs weren’t done correctly.
Your vehicle or exhaust system had been
modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into your
vehicle:
Drive it only with all the windows downto
blow out anyCO; and
Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
2-28
Running Your Engine While
You’re Parked
It’s better not to park with the enginerunning. But if you
ever haveto, here are some things to know.
A CAUTION:
Idling the engine with the air system control off
could allow dangerous exhaust into your
vehicle
(see the earlier Caution under “Engine
Exhaust”).
Also, idling in a closed-in place can letdeadly
carbon monoxide (CO)into yourvehicle evenif
the fanswitch is at thehighest setting. Oneplace
this can happen is a garage. Exhaust with
CO can come in easily. NEVER park in a
garage with the engine running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.
(See “Blizzard’ in the Index.)
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--
I A CAUTION:
Windows
Power Windows
p
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P)with the
parking brakefirmly set. Your vehiclecan roll,
Don’t leave your vehicle whenthe engine is
running unless you have to. If you’veleft the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or otherscould be injured, To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re
on fairly
level ground, always set your parkingbrake after
you move the shift lever to PARK (P).
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Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle won’t
move. See “Shifting IntoPARK (P)” in the Index.
If you are parkingon a hill andif you’re pulling a
trailer, also see “Towinga Trailer” in the Index.
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The controls are located
near each window. Press the
control forwardto raise the window and press rearward
to lower.
Your vehicle has RAP. When you stop your vehicle and
Rear Window Lockout
turn the ignition keyto OFF,you can stilluse your
power windows. The electrical power to operate the
windows will not shut offuntil you open a door or 10
minutes have passed.If you want this power for another
10 minutes, turn the key to
RUN and backto OFF.
Express-Down Window
This featureis present on the driver’s power window.
Pressing the control rearwardwill lower the window
completely. If you want to stop the window as
it is
lowering, pressthe control forward. Press the control
forward to raise the window.
Pressing the right side
of the switch disables the rear
passenger window controls. Thisis a useful feature
when you have children as passengers.
Pressing theleft side of the switch allows your
passengers to reuse the window controls.
Horn
The horn can be soundedby pressing any surface on the
center steering wheel pad.
2-30
Tilt Wheel
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
lhrn and Lane Change Signals
The turn signal has two upward (for right) and two
These positions allow you
downward (for left) positions.
to signal aturn or a lanechange.
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To signal a turn move the leverall the way up or down.
The lever returns automatically when the
turn is complete.
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A green mow on the
instrument panel willflash
in the directionof the turn
or lane change.
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zit steering
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allowsyou to adjust the steering wheel
before you drive. Raisingthe steering wheelto the
highest level givesyour legs more room when you enter
and exit the vehicle.
Hold the steering wheeland pull the lever toward you to
tilt the wheel. Adjust thesteering wheel to a comfortable
position and then release the leverto lock the wheel
in place.
Raise or lower the lever until arrow
the starts to flash to
signal a lane change. Holdit there until the lane change
is complete. The lever returns when it's released.
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2-31
If the turn signalis left on, a warning chime will sound
and the DICwill display TURN SIGNAL ON (after
it off.
driving abouta mile) to remind you to turn
Flash-To-Pass
This letsyou use the high-beam headlampsto signal the
driver in front of you that you wantto pass. It works
Arrows that flash rapidly when signaling for a turn or even if theheadlampsare ‘off.
lane change maybe caused by a burned out signal bulb.
Pull the turn signal lever toward you
to use. When
Other drivers won’t see the turn signal.
you do:
Replace burned out bulbs to help avoid possible
0 If the headlamps are off, the high-beam headlamps
accidents. Check the fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit
will turn on. They’I1 stay on as long as you hold the
Breakers” in the Index) and for burned-out bulbs
if the
lever there. Release the lever
to turn themoff.
arrow fails to work when signaling a turn.
0 If the headlamps are on low beam, they will shift to
Headlamp High/Low Beam
high beam and stay there. Pull the lever toward you
to return to low beam.
Pull the turn signal lever all
If the headlamps are on high beam, they will switch
the way toward you and
to low beam.To return to high beam, pull the lever
then releaseit to change the
toward you.
headlamps from low beam
to high or from high beam
to low. The blue lighton the
instrument panel willbe on
indicating high beam usage.
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2-32
Windshield WiDers
LO or HI: Turn the band away from you to either
LO (low speed) orto HI (high speed), dependingon the
wiper speed you want.
DELAY: You can set the wiper speed fora long or short
delay between wipeswith this setting. Move the band to
the DELAY position. The closeryou move itto LO, the
shorter the delay.
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WIPER: Turn the band onthe turn signal lever to
control the wipers.
MIST Turn the band toward you and then releaseit for
a single wipe cycle.For more cycles, hold the band on
MIST longer.
OFF: Turn the band toOFF to turn off the wipers.
Be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper blades
before using them.If they’re frozen to the windshield,
carefully loosenor thaw them.If the blades do become
damaged, get new bladesor blade inserts.
Heavy snow or ice can overloadthe wiper motor.A
circuit breaker willstop the motor untilit cools. Clear
an overload.
away snow or ice to prevent
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2-33
wipe occurs whenyou turn the ignitionon as a reminder
that Rainsense is active. The windshield wipers
also
remain in a “high park” position, even when the ignition
is turnedOFF.
The Rainsense wipers operate in a delay mode
as well
as, a continuous low or high speed depending on the
amount of moisture and the sensitivitylevel. The MIST
and “wash” cycles operate as normal and are not
effected by the Rainsense function.
I
NOTICE:
This feature is mounted
on the passenger’s interior side
of the windshield behind the rearview mirror and
is used
to automatically operate the wipers by monitoring the
amount of moisture that is on the windshield.
The Rainsense system can be activated by turning the
wiper stalkto one of the five sensitivity levels within the
AUTO DELAY area. Turn the stalk toward you for
minimum sensitivity and away from you for maximum
sensitivity. A single wipe will occur each time
you turn
the wiper stalk to a higher sensitivity level.
An initial
2-34
-
--~
The Rainsense feature should be turned
off when
to avoid damage.
going through a car wash
It is important to note that the Rainsense wiping feature
(AUTO DELAY) can be overridden at any time
by
manually changing the wiper control to LO
or HI speed.
Note that if you everneed to replace the windshield,
make sure it is Rainsensor compatible.
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Windshield Washer
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A CAUTION:
In freezing weather, don’t use your washer until
the windshield is warmed. Otherwisethe washer
fluid can form ice on the windshield, blocking
your vision.
NOTICE:
When using concentrated washerfluid,
follow the manufacturer’s instructions for
adding water.
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can causethe solution to freeze
and damage your washer
fluid tank and
other partsof the washer system. Also,
water doesn’t clean as well as washer fluid.
NOTICE: (Continued)
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NOTICE: (Continued)
Fill your washer fluid tank only 314 full
when it’s very cold. This allows for
expansion, whichcould damage the tankif
it is completely full.
Don’t use radiator antifreeze in your
windshield washer.It can damage your
washer system and paint.
Press and hold thePUSH paddle to wash the windshield.
Release the paddle when you have enough fluid. The
wipers willclear the windshield and either stop
or return
to your preset speed.
LOW WASHER FLUID will be displayedon the DIC
when the washer fluid reachesa low level.
A bad
Driving without washer fluid can be dangerous.
mud splash can block your vision and you could hit
another vehicle or go off the road. Check the washer
fluid level often.
2-35
Cruise Control
A CAUTION:
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e Cruise control canbe dangerous where you
can’t drive safely at a steady speed. So,
don’t use your cruisecontrol on winding
roads or in heavy traffic.
e Cruise control canbe dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads, fastchanges
in tire traction cancause needless wheel
spinning, and you could losecontrol. Don’t
use cruise controlon slippery roads.
With cruise control, you can maintain a speed
of about
25 mph (40 b/h)
or more without keeping your foot
on
the accelerator. This can help
on long trips. Cruise
25 mph
control does not work at speeds below about
(40 km/h).
Cruise control shutsoff when you apply your brakes.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction
control system beginsto limit wheelspin, the cruise
control will automatically disengage. (See “Traction
Control System”in the Index.) When road conditions
allow you to safely use it again, you may turn the cruise
control back on.
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2-36
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Setting Cruise Control
I A CAUTION:
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2. Accelerate tothe speed you want.
A
If you leaveyour cruise control switch on when
"
.
you're not using cruise, you might hit a button and
go into.cruisewhen you don't want to.You could
be startied and even lose control. Keep the cruise
control switch OFF until you want to use it.
1. Move the cruise control
switch toON.
'4. Remove your foot from the accelerator pedal.
2-37
Resuming a Set Speed
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise Control
Setting the cruise control at
a desired speed and then
applying the brakewill end
the cruise function. Once
you’re going about25 mph
(40km/h) or more, you can
move the cruise control
I switch from ON to R/A
I (Resume/Accelerate) for
about half a second to reset.
This returnsyou to your
desired preset speed.
Remember, if you hold the switchat R/A longer than
half a second, the vehicle will accelerate until you
release the switch or apply the brake.
You could be
startled and even lose control.
So unless you want to
go faster, don’t hold the switch RJA.
at
2-38
There are two ways to increase your speed. Here’s
the first:
1. Use the accelerator pedal togo to a higherspeed.
2. Push the button atthe end of the lever and then
release the buttonand the accelerator pedal. You’ll
now cruise at the higher speed.
Here’s the second way to increase speed:
0 Move the cruise switch from
ON to R/A. Hold it
there until you reacha desired speed and then release
the switch.
0 To increase your speed in very small amounts, move
do this, your
the switch to R/A. Each time you
vehicle will go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.
The accelerate feature will only work after you’haveset the
cruise controlspeed by pushing the SET CRUISE button.
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Reducing Speed While Using Cruise Control
There are twoways to reduce your speed while using
cruise control:
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Using Cruise Control on Hills
How well yourcruise control will work on hills depends
of the hills.
upon your speed, load and the steepness
When going upsteep hills, you may have tostep on the
Push in the buttonat the end of the lever until you
accelerator pedalto maintain your speed. When going
it. A
reach a desired lower speed, then release
downhill, you may have to brake
or shift to a lower gear
CRUISE ENGAGED message will then display.
to keep your speed down.
Of course, applying the brake
To slow down invery small amounts, push the
takes you outof cruise control. Many drivers find this to
button for less than half a second. Each time you do be too much trouble and don’t use cruise control on
slower.
this, you’ll go 1 mph (1.6 b/h)
steep hills.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using Cruise Control Ending Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed.
when
There are two ways to end cruise control:
you takeyour foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow
Step lightly on the brake pedal.
down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.
Move the CRUISE switch to OFF.
Erasing Speed Memory
The cruise control set speed memory is erased when yo
or the ignition.
turn off the cruise control
2-39
Lamps
1
The control on the leftside
of the instrumentpanel
controls these lamp
systems:
lights. Pull theknob out all the way to turn on the
headlamps. You can brighten or dim the instrument
cluster by rotating the headlampknob. Press theknob
all the way in toturn them off. The exterior lamps
will automatically turnon after several secondsof
wiper activation.
Headlamps
Wiper Activated Headlamps
This feature activates the headlamps and parking lamps
after the windshield wipers have been use
in for
approximately 20 seconds.
’
e Headlamps
e Taillamps
e Parking Lamps
e
e
e
e
e
Sidemarker Lamps
License Plate Lamp
Underhood Lamp
Instrument PanelLights
Interior CourtesyLamps
Pull the knob out to the
fist stop to turn on the parking
and taillamps, sidemarker lamps and instrument panel
2-40
In order to operate the wiper activated headlamps, the
twilight sentinel mustbe in the on position. This feature
lights the way in poor weather and it also makes your
vehicle more visible to other drivers. If the wiper
activated headlamps areon, and the ignition switch is
turned off, the wiper activated headlamps will
immediately turn off.
if you
The wiper activated headlamps will deactivate
turn off the twilight sentinelor if the windshield wipers
have been turnedoff for a period of one or two seconds.
Lamps on Reminder
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You will hear a warning chime
if you pull the key from
the ignition while leaving the lamps on, if the manual
headlamp control is activated. An exception to this is
when you’re using twilight sentinel.
Daytime Running Lamps
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Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make iteasier for
others to seethe front of your vehicle duringthe day.
DRL can be helpful in many different driving
conditions, but they can be especially helpfulthe
in
short periodsafter dawn and before sunset.
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To idle your vehiclewith the DRL off,tum off the
twilight sentinel switch and shift the transaxle into
PARK (P). Placing your vehiclein PARK (P) disables
the DRL. The DRL will stay
off until you shift outof
PARK (P).
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
A light sensoron top of the instrument panel makes the
DRL work, so be sure it isn’t covered.
Cornering Lamps
The DRL system will make the low-beam headlamps
come on at reduced brightnesswhen:
The cornering lamps come on when the headlamps
or
parking lamps are on and you signalturn.
a They
provide more light for cornering.
the ignition is on,
the headlamp switch is off and
the transaxle is not in PARK (P).
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When it’s dark enough outside, the low-beam
headlamps (at reduced intensity) will change
to normal
low-beam headlamp operation. When it’s bright enough
off, and the low-beam
outside, the regular lamps will go
headlamps changeto the reduced brightnessof DRL.
When DRL are on, only the low-beam headlamps(at
reduced brightness) will be on. No other exterior lamps
such as theparking lamps, taillamps, etc. will be
on
when the DRL are being used. Your instrument panel
won’t be lit up either.
Underhood Lamp
Turn the parking lamps on to operate the underhood
lamp. The underhoodlamp will come on when the hood
is open.
2-41
Twilight Sentinel
Light Sensor
W The controlis next to
I
the headlarnpknob. It
automatically switches the
lamps on and off by sensing
how dark it is outside.
To operate the twilight sentinel, leave
the lamp knob off
and move the TWILIGHT control toany position
but OFF.
If you move the control all
the way to the right, the
lamps will remainon for approximately three minutes
after the ignition has been turned to OFF
the or LOCK
position. If you move the controlso it isjust on, the
lamps will go off quickly when you turn the ignition
switch outof RUN. You can adjust the delay time from
only a few seconds to three minutes.
2-42
The light sensor for theDRL and the twilight sentinelis
located in the centerof the front defogger grille.
If you
cover the sensor, it will read “dark” and the lamps will
come on.
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Exterior Lighting Battery Saver
The exterior lamps will
turn off approximately
10 minutes after the ignition isturned to LOCK or ACC, if
the manual park lamp control is on.
This protects draining
the battery in case you have left the headlampsor parking
turnthe lamps backon
lamps on. Use the control knob to
indefinitely. To delay the lamps from tuming off, see
"Twilight Sentinel" earlier inthis section.
Interior Lamps
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Instrument Panel Intensity Control
As you turn the headlampknob clockwise, the
instrument panel lights will brighten. Turning the
headlamp knob all the way clockwise will turn on the
interior lamps.
Lamp Monitors
The rear taillamp monitors
are located at the top
center of the back glass.
You will see them asyou
look through the inside
rearview mirror. The two
red indicators will
illuminate to show that the
taillamps and brake lamps
are working.
Illuminated Entry System
The illuminated entry system turns on the courtesy lamps
and the backlightingto the door switches and headlamp
knob control when a door
is opened or if you press the
Remote Keyless Entry(RKE) button. Note that the
illuminated entry systemis photocell dependent which
means that it mustbe dark outside in orderfor the
courtesy lamps toturn on. The courtesy lamps willturn
off approximately 20 seconds after the last door
is closed.
2-43
Reading Lamps(Concours Only)
Map Lamps
The reading lamps are located
in the roof. These lamps
come on when any door is opened and it is dark outside.
Press the buttonto turn them on. Press it again to turn
them off.
These lamps are located in the overhead panel. Press the
If the reading lampsare left on, they automatically shut button to turn them on. Press it again toturn them off.
off 10 minutes after the ignition has
been turnedoff.
Courtesy Lamps (DeVille Only)
The courtesy lamps are located in the roof
in the rear
seat. These lamps come
on with the lampknob or when
any door is opened and it is dark outside.
2-44
3
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The first promptto appear relates to the automatic door
locks. This feature can
be bypassed by pressing the
This feature is designed to protect your vehicle’s battery INFORMATION button. The STORAGE MODE?
against drainage from the interior lamps,
trunk lamp,
prompt appears next. To select, press the
RESET button.
glove box lamp, cigarette lighters or the garage door
ENABLE STORAGE MODE? will then appear.A yes
opener. When the ignition is turnedOFF, the power to
or no response must be given. If the INFORMATION
turn off after 10 minutes
these features will automatically
(no) button is pressed, the DISABLE STORAGE
15 miles or less). Power
(three minutes if a new car has
MODE? prompt will appear. Once again,a yes or no
will be restored for an additional10 minutes if any door
response is required.
is opened, thetrunk is opened or the courtesy lamp
Once the battery guard has been programmed, your
switch is turned on.
vehicle will enter the storage mode approximately
Battery Guard Storage
20 minutes after the ignition key has been turned
off.
The RKE will also be disabled at this point. The RKE
This feature is for long term use and miust be
or the trunk is opened,
programmed through the DIC while the ignition is in thewill reactivate when a door
RUN position. Battery guard storage protects the battery however, if your vehicleis left inactive for another
20 minutes theRKE will re-enter the storage mode.
by placing the vehicle in a storage mode
so that the
Inadvertent Power Battery Saver
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radio, amplifiers, instrument cluster
and Remote Keyless
Entry (RKE) will not drain the battery over a long
period of time.
To begin programming, press the INFORMATION
and RESET buttons atthe same time for approximately
two seconds. Press the RESET button to answer
“yes” and press the INFORMATION button to
indicate a “no” response.
Your vehicle will stay in the storage mode until the
ignition keyis turned out ofLOCK. The system will
“wake-up” when thedoor key is inserted into the door
however, your vehicle will remain in the storage mode
The ignition must be out LOCK
of
before the battery
guard is disabled.
2-45
Mirrors
Electrochromic DaylNight Rearview Mirror
Your Cadillac hasan electrochromic day/night
rearview mirror.
This mirror automatically changes to reduce glarefrom
headlamps behindyou. A photocell on the back of the
mirror senses when itis becoming dark outside. Another
photocell builtinto the mirror surface senses when
headlamps are behind you.
3
'
At night, when the glareis too high, the mirror will
gradually darkento reduce glare (this change may take a
few seconds). Themirror will return to its clear daytime
state when the glare is reduced.
4
3
On/Off Switch
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Press the button at the base of mirror
the
to turnon the
automatic feature. The button hasan indicator lightto
show it is on. Press the button to turn the automatic
feature off.
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Time Delay
This feature prevents rapid changing
of the mirror from
the night mode to the day mode as you drive under
lights and through traffic.
Reverse GearDay Mode
The reverse mode is another important feature
of the
automatic mirror. When the shift lever is placed in
REVERSE (R), the mirror changes to the day mode.
This givesyou a bright imagein the mirror asyou
back up.
Cleaning Photocells
Use a cotton swab and glass cleaner
to clean the front
and rear photocells that make
the auto-dimming
feature work.
2-47
Electrochromic Day/Night Rearview Mirror Setting the Sensitivity
with Compass (Option)
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1
This mirror automatically changes to reduce glare
when set in theM (Mirror) or C/M (Compass/Mirror)
positions. One photocellon the backof the mirror
senses when it is becoming dark outside. Another
photocell is built into themirror surface to sense
headlamps behindyou.
2-48
OFF: This setting turnsoff the day/night function and
compass. The mirror will stayin the day mode.
M: This turns on the day/night portion
of the mirror to
automatically reduce glare.
C/M: This setting turns on the compass in addition to
the day/night function. The letter or letters displayed in
the top rightcomer of the mirror indicate the direction
in which you are traveling.
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Time Delay
Compass Calibration
This feature prevents rapid changing of the
mirror from
the night modeto the day mode as you drive under
lights and through traffic.
Once the compass is calibrated,
it does not need to be
recalibrated. To calibrate the compass:
Reverse Gear Day Mode
The reversemode is another important feature
of the
is placed in
automatic mirror. When the shift lever
REVERSE (R), the mirror changes to the day mode.
This gives you a bright image in the mirroryou
as
back up.
2. Turn the vehicleignition switch on. Theletter C
should be displayed in the mirror compass window.
If not, hold theCAL switch (on the bottom of the
mirror) for more than 10 seconds, and the letter
C
will appear. To hold in the CAL switch, insert a
paper clip into the small hole on the bottom of th
mirror housing. The display will show a number
first, but keep holding until the letter
C appears.
3. For quick calibration, drive the vehicle
in a
360-degree circle at less than5 mph (8 km/h) until
For nonnal
the display reads a compass direction.
on your everyday
calibration, drive the vehicle
routine, and the compass will eventually calibrate.
Cleaning Photocells
Use a cotton swab and glass cleaner
to clean the front
and rear photocells that make the auto-dimming
feature work.
1. Set the switch onthe mirror control toC/M.
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2-49
Compass Variance
Variance is the difference between magnetic north and
geographic north.In some areas,the difference between
the two canbe great enough to cause false compass
readings. If this happens, follow these instructions
to set the variance for your particular location:
--
1. Find your location on the zone map. Note the
zone number.
2. Hold in the CAL switch (onthe bottom of the mirror
housing) for five seconds
until the current zone entry
To hold in theCAL
number appears in the display.
switch, insert a paper clip into the small on
hole
the
bottom of the mirror housing.
3. Press the CAL switch until the number for the new
zone entryis displayed.
Once the desired zone number is displayed, stop
pressing the CAL switch and the displaywill show
compass direction within a few seconds.
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2-50
Power Remote ControlMirror
The controlon the driver’s
door armrest operates both
outside rearview mirrors.
Rotate the controlknob
to choose the rightor
left mirror.
Driver’s Outside Auto-Dimming Rearview
Mirror (Option)
The driver’s side outside mirror will adjust for the glar
of headlamps behind you. This feature is controlled
by
the on and off settings on the electrochromic mirror. See
“Electrochromic Daymight Rearview Mirror” earlier in
this section.
Convex Outside Mirror
Your passenger’s side mirror is convex.A convex mirror’s
surface is curvedso you can see morefiom the driver’s
seat. This mirror does not havea dimming feature.
To adjust the mirror, push the control
knob in the
direction you want the mirror to go. Adjust each mirror
so you can see the side of your vehicle and
the area
behind your vehicle.
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When you operate the rear window defogger,it also
warms both outside mirrors to help clear them
of fog
or ice.
IA
CAUTION:
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you
could hita vehicle on your right. Check your
inside mirroror glance over your shoulder before
changing lanes.
2-51
Storage Compartments
Front Storage Armrest
Glove Box
The front storage area comes with a coinholder,
a
storage compartmentfor CD’s or tapes and dual
a
cupholder that unfoldsfor use.
The glove box is located in front of the passenger seat.
To lock the glove box door, insert the oval key in the
Rear Storage Armrest (Option)
lock cylinder andturn it clockwise.Turn the key
counterclockwise to unlock the door.
Your vehicle may be equipped with
a rear seat armrest
which includes an openstorage compartment and a dual
Map Pocket (Option)
cupholder that unfoldsfor use. To open, lift the front
The driver’s door may have a map/storage compartment. edge. This feature is available
on vehicles with leather
You may also have a storage compartment on the
interiors only.
passenger’s door. This feature is available on vehicles
with leather interiors only.
2-52
-4
Convenience Net
Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter
Pull the tray out to reveal the ashtray. The tray is loca
it out by
beneath the radio.To clean this ashtray, lift
pulling on the snuffer. If the ashtray will not come ou
try reaching under itand gently pressup on the ashtray
bowl to remove it.
To use the rear ashtray,
lift the lid.
NOTICE:
Don't put papers or other flammable items
into your ashtrays.Hot cigarettes or other
smoking materials could ignite them, causing
a
damaging fire.
P
The convenience netis inside the back wall
of the trunk.
Put small loads, like grocery bags, behind the net.
It can
or
help keep themfrom falling over during sharp turns
quick starts and stops.
The net is not for larger, heavier loads. Store them
in the
trunk as far forward
as you can. When not using thenet,
hook the net to the tabs securing to
it the sill plate.
2-53
The cigarette lighteris located near the ashtray. Press it
all the way in and release. It will pop back
by itself
when it’s readyto light. You may also have a lighter
located at therear seat air outlet.
Sun Visors
Note that power to the cigarette lighter will off
shut
10 minutes after the ignition
is turned off. This helps to
prevent battery drainage. For more information, see
“Inadvertent Battery Saver”earlier in this section.
NOTICE:
-.
Don’t holda cigarette lighterin with your hand
while it is heating. If youdo, it won’t be able to
back away from the heating element when it’s
ready. That can make it overheat, damaging the
Iighter and the heating element.
Swing down the visor to block
out glare.It can also be
detached from the center mount and moved to the side
while the auxiliary sunshade remains to block glare
from the front. Pull the front shadefrom the headliner
and position it to your preference.
The driver’s sunshadeis also equippedwith a storage
flap that can be usedfor maps or toll tickets.
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Visor Vanity Mirror
Touse one, turn the sunshade down and lift the cover to
see the mirror.
Illuminated Visor Vanity Mirror
Illuminated Rear Seat Visor Vanity Mirror
(Concours Only)
Turn the sunshade down andlift the cover to
see the
mirror. Move the slide switch up or down to brighten or
dim the lamp.
Cellular Telephone (Option)
P
Your vehicle has been prewired
for dealer installation
of
a Cadillac dual-mode (analog/TDMA) cellular
telephone. A fixed mobileor a portable hand-held
system may be available
for purchase. Either system
will have steering wheel telephone controls
and will
have information output through the DIC. Voice
activation and hands-free operation are standard
features. For more information, contact your Cadillac
dealer. A user's guide is provided with the telephone.
Assist Handles
Turn the sunshade down and lift the cover
to see the
mirror. Move the slide switch up or down to brighten
or
dim the lamp.
A folding handle above each door can
be used when
getting outof your vehicle.
Floor Mats
Your Cadillac is equipped with rubber-backedfront and
rear floor mats. Keep them clean
by vacuuming and
using a spot cleaner,if necessary. Do not machine wash.
2-55
Astroroof (Option)
The express-open astroroof provides
an airy, spacious
can also increase
feel to your vehicle’s interior and
ventilation. It includes a sliding glass panel and
a sliding
sunshade. The control switch only works when the
ignition is onor when the Retained Accessory Power
(RAP) is active.
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to express-open
Press the switch rearward and release
the glass panel and sunshade. The sunshade also
can
be opened by hand.If you want to stopthe roof in a
partially opened position, press the switch
in either
direction. Press and release the switch again to itopen
fully. Press and hold the switch forward to close the
only be closed by hand.
glass panel. The sunshade can
To vent, press the switch forward when the glass panel
is closed. Open the sunshadeby hand. To close the vent,
press the switch rearward.
2-56
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Universal Transmitter (Option)
The transmitter will learn and transmit
the frequencies
of most current transmittersand is poweredby your
vehicle’s battery and charging system.
This device complies withPart 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference,and
(2) This device must acceptany interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation
Programming the Transmitter
Do not use the universal transmitter with any garage
door opener that does
not have the “stop and reverse”
safety feature. This includes
any garage door opener
model manufactured before April1, 1982.
This transmitter allows you to consolidate the functions
of up to three individual hand-held transmitters.
It will operate garage doors and gates,
or with the
accessory package, other devices controlledby radio
frequency such as home/office lighting systems and
security systems.
4‘
Be sure that people and objects are clear
of the garage
door you are programming.
Your vehicle’sengine should be turned
off while
programming the transmitter. Follow these steps
to
program up to three channels:
4. Hold down both buttons untilyou see the red light
I
on the universal transmitter flash rapidly and then
stop. The rapid flashing, which could take up to
90 seconds, indicates that the universal transmitter
has been programmed. Releaseboth buttons once
the light startsto flash rapidly.
1. If you have not previously programmed a universal
trdsmitter channel, proceedto Step 2. Otherwise,
hold down the two outside buttons on the universal
transmitter until the red light begins to flash rapidly If you have trouble programming theuniversal
transmitter, make sure that you have followed the
(approximately 20 seconds). Then release the
directions exactly as described and that
the battery in the
and
buttons. This procedure initializes the memory
erases any previous settings for all three channels. hand-held transmitter is not dead. If you still cannot
2. Hold the endof the hand-held transmitter against the program it, rotate the hand-held transmitter end over end
and try again. The universal transmitter may not work
bottom surfaceof the universal transmitterso that
with older garage door openers that
do not meet current
you can still seethe red light.
Federal Consumer Safety Standards.If you cannot
3. Decide which oneof the three channelsyou want to
program the transmitter after repeated attempts, consult
program. Using both hands, press the hand-held
your Cadillac dealer.
transmitter button and the desired button on the
Be sure to keep theoriginal hand-held transmitter
universal transmitter. Continue to hold both buttons
in caseyou need to erase and reprogramthe
through Step4.
universal transmitter.
.
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2-58
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Note to Canadian Owners: During programming, the
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Operating the Transmitter
Press and hold the appropriate button on the universal
transmitter. The red light comes on while the signal
is
being transmitted.
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Erasing Channels
hand-held transmittermay stop transmitting after one or
channels, hold down the
two seconds.If you are programming from one of these To erase all three programmed
two
outside
buttons
until
the
red
light begins to flash.
transmitters, you should press and re-press the button on
Individual channels cannot be
erased, but can be
the hand-held transmitter every two seconds without
for programming the
ever releasing the button on the universal transmitter. reprogrammed using the procedure
Release both buttons when the red light on the universaltransmitter explained earlier.
transmitter begins to flash rapidly.
Accessories
Accessories for the universal transmitter are available
from the manufacturerof the unit. If you would like
additional information pleasecall 1-800-355-35 15.
Note that the effective transmission range
of the
universal transmitter may differ from the hand-held
transmitter and from one channel to another. Also
note that the universal transmitter is disabled when the
VALET button insideof the glove box is activated.
For more information, see “Security Override” earlier
in this section.
2-59
The Instrument Panel: Your Information System
2-60
F-
The instrument panel is designed to let you know at a 7.
glance how your Cadillac is running. You’ll know how 8.
fast you’re going, how much
fuel you’re using and
9.
many of the other things you’ll needto know to drive
safely and economically.
The main componentsof the
10.
instrument panel are:
11.
1. AirOutlets
12.
2. Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
13.
3. Driver Information Center Control Buttons
4. Driver’s Side Air Bag
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5. Cluster
6. Steering Column Shift Lever
Electronic Climate Controls
AudioSystem
Passenger’s Side Air Bag
LampControls
Steering Wheel Touch Controls for Climate Control
Hood Release
Horn
14. Steering Wheel Touch Controls for Audio System
15. Astray and Cigarette Lighter
16. Glove Box
2-61
United States versionshown, Canadian similar
2-62
Speedometer and Odometer
Warning lights comeon when there maybe or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions.As you
The speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles will see in the details
on the next few pages, some
per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour
(km/h). The
warning lights comeon briefly when you start the
odometer showshow far your vehicle has been driven,
If you are
engine just to let you know they’re working.
in either miles (used in the United States) or kilometersfamiliar with this section, you should notbe alarmed
(used in Canada).
when this happens.
You may wonder what: happens ifa vehicle has to have a Gages can indicate when there may beisora problem
new odometer installed. The new one may read the
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages and
correct mileage. This is because your vehicle’s computerwarning lights worktogether to let youknow when
has stored the mileage in memory.
there’s a problem withyour vehicle,
Warning Lights, Gages and IndicatorsWhen oneof the warning
This part describes the
warning lights and gages that
may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you
locate them.
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Warning lights and gages can signal that something
is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause an
expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to
or
your warning lights and gages could also save you
others from injury.
lights comeson and stays on
when you are driving,or when one of the gages shows
there may bea problem, check the section that tells you
what to do aboutit. Please follow this manual’s advice.
Waiting to do repairscan be costly -- and even
dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights
and gages. They’re abig help.
Your vehicle mayalso have a driver information
system
that works along withthe warning lightsand gages. See
“Driver InformationCenter” in the Index.
2-63
Safety Belt ReminderLight
Air Bag Readiness Light
When the keyis turned to RUN or START, a chime will
come on for about eight seconds
to remind peopleto
fasten their safety belts, unless
the driver’s safety belt is
already buckled.
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows AIR BAG. The system checks the
air bag’selectrical system for malfunctions. The light
tells you if thereis an electrical problem. The system
check includes the air bag sensors, the air bag modules,
the wiring and the crash sensing and diagnostic module.
For more information on the air bag system, see “Air
Bag’’ in the Index.
The safety belt light will
also come on and stay
on for about 20 seconds,
then it will flashfor about
70 seconds. If the driver’s
belt is already buckled,
neither the chime nor the
light will come on.
AIR BAG
You will see this light flash
for a few seconds when you
turn your ignition toRUN
or START. Then the light
should go out. This means
the systemis ready.
If the air bag readiness light doesn’t come on when you
start your vehicle, or stays on,comes
or on when you
are driving, your air bag system may not work properly.
Have your vehicle serviced right away.
2-64
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Charging System Indicator Light
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When you turn the key to
RUN, this red light will
come on briefly to show
that the alternator and
battery charging systems
are working.
Brake System Warning Light
Your Cadillac’s hydraulic brake system is divided into
part isn’t working, the other part can
two parts. If one
still work and stop you. For good braking, though, you
need both parts working well.
If the warning light comes on, there could abebrake
problem. Have your brake system inspected right away.
BRAKE
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If this light stays on, you need service and you should
To save your
take your Cadillacto the dealer at once.
battery until you getthere, turn off all accessories.
This light should come on
briefly when you turn the
ignition keyto RUN. If it
doesn’t come on then, have
it fixedso it will be ready to
warn youif there’s a
problem.
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull
off the
road and stop carefully.You may notice that the pedal is
go closer tothe floor.
harder to push. Or, the pedal may
It may take longerto stop. If the light is still
on, have the
vehicle towedfor service. (See “TowingYour Vehicle”
in the Index.)
2-65
I A CAUTION:
Parking Brake Indicator Light
I
Your brake system may not be working properly
if the brake system warning light is on. Driving
with the brake system warning light on can lead
to an accident. If the lightis still on after you’ve
pulled off the road and stopped carefully, have
the vehicle towed for service.
PARK
BRAKE
This light comeson when
the parking brake is set, and
it will stay onif the parking
brake does not fully release.
If you try to drive off with
the parking brakeset, this
light will remain on.
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When the ignitionis on, the brake system warning light
will also come on when you set your parking brake. The
light will stay on if your parking brake doesn’t release
fully. If it stayson after your parking brake is fully
released, it means you have a brake problem.
2-66
This light should also come on briefly as you start the
vehicle. If it doesn’t, have the light fixed so it will be
ready to remindyou if the parking brake has not
fully released. For more information
on how to release
the parking brake, see “Parking Brake” earlier in
this section.
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Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light
ANTI LOCK
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.
With the anti-lock brake
system, this light will come
on when youstart your
engine and may stay on
for several seconds.
That’s normal.
lkaction Control System Warning Light
This warning light should
come on briefly as you start
the engine. If the waming
light doesn’t come on then,
have it fixedso it will be
ready to warn you if there’s
a problem.
If the light stays on, turn the ignition off.
Or, if the light
If it stays on, or comes on when you’re driving, there
comes on when you’redriving, stop as soon as possible may be a problem with your traction control system
and
and turn the ignitionoff. Then start$e engine again to
your vehicle may need service.
When this warning light
reset the system.If the lightstill stays on, or. comes
on
limit wheel spin. Adjust your
is on, the system will not
again while you’re driving, your Cadillac needs service. driving accordingly.
If the regular brake system warning light isn’t
on, you
still have brakes, but you don’t have anti-lock brakes.
If the regular brake system warning light
is also on, you
don’t have anti-lock brakes and there’s a problem with
your regular brakes. See “Brake System Warning Light”
earlier in this part.
The anti-lockbrake system warning light should come
on briefly when youturn the ignition key to
RUN. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have
it fixed so it will be
ready towarn you if there is a problem.
2-67
The traction control system warning light may come on Engine Temperature Warning Light
for the following reasons:
This red light tells you that
If there’s a brake system problemthat is specifically
your engine has overheated.
related to traction control, the traction control system
You should stop the carand
will turn off and the warning light will come on.
turn the engine off assoon
as possible. A warning
If the traction control system is affected by . a n
chime should also sound
turn off and
engine-related problem, the system will
if this light comes on.
the warning light will comeon.
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If the traction control system warning light comes on
and stays on for
an extended periodof time when the
system is turned on, your vehicle needs service.
As a check, the light should come
on for a few seconds
when you start your engine. In the section “Problems
on
the Road,” thismanual explains what to do. See “Engine
Overheating” in the Index.
2-68
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Malfunction IndicatorLamp
(Service Engine Soon Light)
NOTICE:
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SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
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Your Cadillac is equipped
with a computer which
monitors operationof the
fuel, ignition and emission
control systems.
This systemis called OBDI1 (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended
to assure that emissions are at acceptable levels for
the lifeof the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner
environment. (In Canada, OBD
I1 is replaced by
Enhanced Diagnostics.) The SERVICEENGINE SOON
light comeson to indicate that there is a problem and
be indicated
service is required. Malfunctions often will
by the system before any problem is apparent, which
may prevent more serious damage to your vehicle. This
system is also designed to assist your service technician
in correctly diagnosing any malfunction.
If you keep driving your vehicle with this light
on, aftera while, your emission controls may not
work as well, your fuel economy may not be
as
good and your engine may notrun as smoothly.
This could lead to costly repairs that may not be
covered by your warranty.
This light shouldcome on, as a checkto show you it is
working, when the ignition is on and the engine is not
running. If the light doesn’t come on, have it repaired.
This light willalso come on during a malfunction inone
of two ways:
Light FIashing -- A misfire conditionhas been
and
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions
may damage theemission control system onyour
vehicle. Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis
and serviceis required.
Light On Steady -- An emission control system
malfunction has been detected on your vehicle.
Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis and
service may be required.
2-69
If the LightIs Flashing’
If the LightIs On Steady
The following may prevent moresenous damage to
your vehicle:
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
e Reduce vehicle speed.
Did youjust drive througha deep puddleof water?
Avoid hard accelerations.
Avoid steep uphill grades.
0
If towing a trailer, reduce the amountof cargo being
hauled as soon asit is possible.
If the light stops flashing and
remains on steady, see“If
the Light Is On Steady”following.
it is safeto do so,
If the light continues to flash, when
stop the vehicle. FW your vehicle inPARK (P). Turn the
key off, wait at least10 seconds and restart the engine.
If the light remainson steady, see “If the Light Is On
Steady” following.If the light is still flashing follow the
previous steps, and drivethe vehicle to your dealer or
qualified service center for service.
2-70
be wet. The condition
If so, your electrical system may
will usually be corrected when the
electrical system
dries out.A few driving trips should turn the light off.
Are you low on fuel?
As your engine starts to run outfuel,
of your enginemay
not run as efficiently as designed since small amounts of
air are sucked into the fuel line causing
a misfire. The
system can detect this. Adding fuel should correct this
condition. Make sure to install thefuel capproperly. It
will take a few driving trips toturn the lightoff.
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Have you recently changed brands
of fuel?
If so, be sureto fuel your vehicle with quality fuel (see
“Fuel” in the Index). Poor fuel quality will cause your
engine notto run as efficiently as designed. You may
when you
notice this as stalling after start-up, stalling
put the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation on
acceleration or stumbling on acceleration. (These
conditions may go away once the engine is warmed up.) !
This will be detected by the system and cause the light
to turn on.
If you,experience this condition, change the fuel brand
you use. It will require
at least onefull tank of the
proper fuelto turn the light off.
If none of theabove steps .have made the light
turn off,
have your dealer or qualified service center check
the
vehicle. Your dealer has the proper test equipment and
diagnostic toolsto fix any mechanical or electrical
problems that may have developed.
Oil Pressure Light
This light tellsyou if there
could be a problem with
your engine oil pressure.
The light goes on
when you turn your key toRUN or
STmT. It goes off once you start your engine. That’sa
If it doesn’t come on,
check tobe sure the light works.
be .sure to haveit fixed so it will be there to
warn you if
something goes wrong.
When the lightcomes on and stays on, it means that
oil isn’t flowing through your engine properly.
You
could be low on oil and you might have some other
system problem.
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2-71
A 'CAUTION:
Don't keep driving if the oil pressure is low. If
you do, your engine can become so hot that it
catches fire. You or others could be burned.
Check your oil as soon as possible and have your
vehicle serviced.
NOTICE:
Damage to your enginefrom neglected oil
problems can be costly and is not covered by
your warranty.
Fuel Gage
GAL
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The fuel gage shows
approximately how much
fuel is in the tank. It works
only when the ignition isin
the RUN position.
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PREMIUM UNLEADED
FUEL ONLY
If the fuellevel is within approximatelytwo gallons
(7.6 L) of being full, the letter F is shown. If the fuel
level is between one and two gallons(3.8 and 7.6 L)
from being empty, the letterE is shown. If the fuel
supply gets downto approximately one gallon
(3.8 L), the E will flash and the FUEL LEVEL
VERY
LOW message will appear in the
DIC.
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2-72
Here are a few concerns some owners have had about
do
the fuel gage. Allof these situations are normal and
not indicate that anythingis wrong with the fuel gage.
Fuel Data Panel
At the gas station the gas pump shuts off before the
gage reads E
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It takes more (or less) gas to fill the tank than the
gage said. For example, the gage read
8 GALLONS,
but it took more (or less) than the tank’s remaining
capacity to fiil it.
The gage may change when you turn, stop or
speed up.
The fuel data panel tells you all
you need to know about
the fuel economy andhow far you can travel with the
fuel remaining.
Press theAVG button to display the average
mile-per-gallon (AVG MPG). You can also display
it in metric unitsby pressing the ENG MET button.
2-73
When AVG MPG is selected, the total distance is
divided by the total fuel used.
Driver Information Center(DIC)
To reset the averagefuel economy, press the
INFORMATION button until theAVG MPG is
displayed on theDIC. Press and hold theRESET
button until both the fuel data center and
DIC display
reads 0.0.
Digital Control Buttons
The DIC display gives you thestatus of many of your
When the INST button (Instantaneous Fuel Economy)
is
vehicle's systems. TheDIC is used to display driver
selected, you will see what the fuel economy is at that
selectable information and warning/status messages.
instant. The computer takes a new reading twice every
If more than one problem is detected, the
DIC will
second. It will show economy up
to 70 miles-per-gallon
automatically
display
all
current
messages.
(or 2 L per 100 km).
The RANGE display shows howfar the computer thinks
you can travel withthe fuel thatis in the tank. The
computer does notknow what driving conditions willbe
like forthe restof your trip, so the range is estimated
based on the recent fuel economy. Therefore, the range
reading may change as your driving habits change.
Going from city to highway driving may increase the
range reading.
If the range display showsLO, you should stop for
fuel
as soon as possible. Your computer needs enough data
for the RANGE reading to work.
2-74
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DISPLAY ONIOFF: Pressing this button will turn
off
the DIC, Electronic Climate Control, fuel data center,
the fuel gage,trip odometer and odometer. While the
displays are off, pressing the INFORMATION button
will only turn on the DIC. If TRIP
the SET button
is pressedor the fuel level falls below four gallons
(15.2 L), all the displays will come back on.
TIMER: This featureis like a stopwatch, in that
you
can clock the timeit takes to get from one point
to another.
To operate, press the TIMER button until TIMER
0O:OO:OO is displayedon the DIC. Each of the fields
for
two numeric digits.
the hours, minutes and seconds are
Once TIMER OFF 0O:OO:OO is displayed, press the
ENG/MET (EnglishMetric):You can change the
TIMER button to start the timing feature. Press the
display from English (miles) to metric (kilometers)
by
it, If you will be starting
TIMER button again to stop
pressing this button.The same button also changes other and stoppingyour Cadillac, during a trip for instance,
readings (like temperature, fuel and odometer).
the TIMERfeature will automaticallystart timing where
TRIP SET By using this button you can tell how
far
it left off when you last stopped. To resetit, press and
hold the RESET button until the display reads TIMER
you’ve gone since you last set the
TRIP SET back to
0O:OO:OO. Press the INFORMATION button to exit from
zero. To reset, press and hold the button until zeros
is domestic, the trip odometer
appear. If your vehicle
the TIMER function.
will return to zero after 999.9 miles
(1 609 km). If your
RESET Pressing this button will reset the
MPG AVG,
to zero
vehicle is Canadian, the trip odometer will return
FUEL USED, AVGMPH and OIL LIFE LEFT. Pressing
after 1 999.9 km (1,242 miles).
RESET when a non-resettable display appears will
INFORMATION: Pressing this button repeatedly will cause a “recall” mode to occur. When this happens, all
DIC warning messages that have been displayed since
display the AVG MPG, FUEL USED, AVG MPH, OIL
the ignition key was turned to RUN will redisplay.
LIFE LEFT, ENGINE RPM, BATTERY VOLTS and
If no
COOLANT TEMP.
messages were displayed, a MONITORED SYSTEMS
OK message will appear.
2-75
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MPG AVG (Average Fuel Economy) Reset: Press the
INFORMATION button to display the MPG AVG, then
0.0 MPG AVG
press and hold the RESET button until
is displayed.
Fuel Used Reset:Press the INFORMATION button
to display theFUEL USED on the DIC, then press
and hold the RESET button until
FUEL USED 0.0
is displayed.
Driver Information Center Messages
These messages will appear
if there is a problem sensed
in one of your vehicle’s systems. Vehicles that are first
sold in Canada will have a number after each message.
This number helps to identify the message which is only
displayed in English.
A/C OFF FOR ENGINE PROTECTION 16: This
message displays when the engine coolant becomes
hotter than the normal operating temperature. To avoid
AVG MPH (Average Speed) Reset:Press the
added strain on a hot engine,the air conditioning
INFORMATION button to display theAVG MPH, then
press and hold the RESET button until
compressor is automatically turned
0.0 AVG MPH
off so that air
conditioned air is not delivered.If the coolant
is displayed.
AC to
temperature returnsto normal, you must select
Oil Life Left Reset:Press the INFORMATION button
to display the OIL LIFE LEFT, then press and hold the return to a normalA/C compressor operation.If this
message continuesto appear, have the system repaired
RESET button’until100%OIL LIFE LEFT is displayed.
as soon as possible to avoid compressor damage.
APPLY BRAKE TO SHIFT 46: This message will
appear if your vehicle is in PARK (P) for about 15 seconds
and the brake is not pressedin. Remove the message by
holding the OFF and the blue (cooler) button on the
Electronic Climate Control panel for about five seconds.
Hold the same two buttons again to redisplay the message.
BATTERY NO CHARGE 07: This message will
appear if the battery is not being charged. Have the
electrical system checked
by your Cadillac dealership at
your earliest convenience.
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BATTERY VOLTS HIGH 08: This message shows
BRAKE.VACUUM PROBLEM 108: The circurrin
when
that the electrical charging system is overcharging (more the brake booster vacuum has shorted or is loose
this message appears. Your vehicle may lose power
than 16 volts). To avoid being stranded, have the
electrical system checkedby your Cadillac dealership.
brakes but you will still have theuse of manual brakes.
You can reduce the charging overloadby using the
The power brakes will not be affected if the problem is
accessories. Turn on the lamps and radio, set the climate caused by a failed sensor. Have your vehicle serviced
immediately at your Cadillac dealership.
control onAUTO and the fan speed on HI, and turn the
rear window defogger on.You can monitor battery
CHANGE ENGINE OIL 82: This means that the life
voltage on the DIC by pressing the INFORMATION
of the engineoil has expired and it should be changed
button. The normal rangeis 11.5 to 15.5 volts when the
within 200 miles. See “Engine Oil” and “Filter
engine is running.
Recommendations” in the Maintenance Schedule. After
an’oilchange, the Oil Life Indicator must be reset. See
BATTERY VOLTS LOW 06: This message will .
reset
appear when the electrical system is charging less than “Oil Life Indicator’’ in the Index on how to it.
10 volts orif the battery has been drained. If this
CHANGE TRANS FLUID 47: This messageWUI
message appears immediately after starting, it is possible appear when it is time to replace the transaxle fluid
the battery. The
that the generator can stili recharge
(system has determined that the transaxle fluid has
battery should recharge after driving a few miles and the reached 0%).See the Maintenance Schedule booklet for
message should go out.If this message appears while
the proper fluid and change intervals.
driving or after starting your vehicle and stays on, have
it checked immediately to determine the cause of this CHECK BRAKE FLUID LEVEL 37:This message
will display if the ignitionis in the RUN position to
problem. To help the generator recharge the battery
inform
the driver that the brake fluid levellow.
is Check
quickly you can reduce the load on
the electrical system
the brake reservoir level and add fluid as needed. Have
by turning off the accessories. You can monitor battery
the brake system serviced by a Cadillac technician as
voltage on theDIC by pressing the INFORMATION
soon as possible.If the brake warning light ison, follow
button. The normal range is 11.5 to 15.5 volts.
the directions in that part.
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CRUISE ENGAGED 43: This message will appear
CHECK COOLANT LEVEL 02: This message will
appear when thereis a low level of engine coolant. Have for a few seconds when you select a speed at which
the cooling system serviced by a Cadillac technician as to cruise.
soon as possible.
DOOR OPEN 141: The passenger’s dooris open or
ajar when this message appears.The vehicle’s engine
CHECK FUEL GAGE 39: This message will appear
when the fuel supply is less than four gallons (15.2
must be running and the transaxle not
L)
in.PARK (P) for
and the display is turned off.
this message to display.A chime willalso sound when
the
vehicle’s speed is greater than
5 mph
CHECK OIL LEVEL 36: For correct operationof
the low oil sensing system, your vehicle should be on a (8.1 km/h).
DRIVER DOOR OPEN 140: This message
level surface.A false CHECK OIL LEVEL message
of
will display when the vehicle is being shifted out
oil
may appear if the vehicle is parked on grades. The
level sensing system does not check for actual oil level PARK (P) with the enginerunning to signal that
the driver’s dooris open or ajar.A chime will also
if the enginehas beenoff for a short period
of time, and
the oil level is never sensed while the engine is running. sound when the vehicle’s speed
is greater than5 mph
If the CHECK OIL LEVEL message appears, and your (8.1 W).
vehicle hasbeen parked on level ground with the engine ENGINE COOLANT HOT-IDLE ENGINE44:
off for at least 30 minutes, the oil level should be
This message will appear when the engine coolant
checked by observing the oil dipstick. Prior to checking temperature is over 248°F (126°C). To avoid added
the oil level be sure the engine has been
off for five
strain on a hot engine,
turn off the climate control
minutes and your vehicleis on a level surface. Then
system. Stop and allow your vehicle to idle it
until
cools
check the dipstick and
add oilif necessary. See “Engine
down or the message is removed. If it does not cool
Oil” in the Index.
down, turn off the engine and haveit serviced before
driving it again. Severe engine damage can result from
CHECK WASHER FLUID 25: This message will
appear for several seconds indicating you
thatneed
an overheated engine. See “Engine Overheating”
in
washer solvent.
the Index.
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FUEL LEVEL VERY LOW 11: This message serves REMOVE KEY 70: This message will appear when
as a warning that the fuel level in the tank is critically the Personalized Automotive Security System
(PASS-Key 11) is unable to read the pelleton the
low. Stop for fuel immediately.
ignition key oran improper key pellet has been inserted.
MONITORED SYSTEMSOK I: This message only
Wait for the DIC to display STARTING DISABLED
RESET
appears in the “recall” mode by pressing the
DUE TO THEFT SYSTEM REMOVE IGNITION
button. It lets you know that no other messages are
KEY. The instrument panel cluster will then
run a timer
stored or currently active.
3 MINUTES, WAIT
and change the messages to WAIT
PASS KEY NOT PROGRAMMED 31: This
2 MINUTES,. WAIT1 MINUTE and then START CAR.
warning message displays when the PASS-Key pellet
When the REMOVEKEY message is displayed, remove
information has notbeen programmed into your vehicle. the ignition key. Check the ignition key
for damage.If it
See your Cadillac dealership
for service.
is damaged,it may need to be replaced. If you see no
or
damage, clean the pellet contacts with a soft cloth
PCM FAULT 110: The circuit in the Powertrain
Control Module(PCM) has shortedor is loose when this napkin before inserting the key back into the ignition.
Have your vehicle serviced if the messagestill appears.
message appears. Have your Cadillac serviced
by your
dealership at once.
SERVICE A/C SYSTEMA/C COMPRESSOR
OFF 14: This message appears when the electronic
REDUCED ENGINE POWER 41: This message
sensors that control the A/C and heating systems are no
informs the driver that dueto wheel slippage your
vehicle is reducing engine power to compensate for the longer working. Have the climate control system serviced
loss of traction. Accelerating too fast causing the tires to if you notice a drop in heating and A/C efficiency.
spin is an example of when this message would display. SERVICE AIRBAG 83: There is a problem with the
Supplemental Inflatable Restraint(air bag) system when
this message appears. Let only a qualified technician
work on your vehicle.See your Cadillac dealership for
service at once.
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SERVICE BRAKE FLUID SWITCH 37: A high
level of brake fluid causes this message to displaythe
if
ignition is in theRUN position. Have the brake system
serviced by a Cadillac technician as soon
as possible. If
the brake warning light is on, refer
to the directions
listed in that 'part.
SERVICE CHARGING SYSTEM 102: This
message will display whena problem withthe charging
system has been detected. Have your vehicle serviced
at
your Cadillac dealership.
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SERVICE FUEL SYSTEM 101: The PCM
has detected a problem within the fuel system when
this message appears. Seeyour Cadillac dealership
for service.
SERVICE IDLE CONTROLSYSTEM 107: A
problem with the idle control has occurred when this
message displays. Bring your vehicle
to your Cadillac
dealership for service.
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SERVICE IGNITION SYSTEM 105: This
message displays when a failure in the ignition system
has been detected. Have your vehicle serviced by your
Cadillac dealership.
SERVICE ELECTRICALSYSTEM 106: This
message will display ifan electrical problem has
occurred within the PCM. Have your vehicle service by SERVICE RIDE CONTROL 84: This message is
your Cadillac dealership.
displayed to indicate that the suspension system is not
operating properly. To correct this problem have your
SERVICE EMISSIONS SYSTEM 104: A problem
vehicle serviced at your Cadillac dealership.
in the emissions systemhas occurred when this message
appears. Have your Cadillac dealership service your vehicle. SERVICE TRANSMISSION 100: If a problem is
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SERVICE ENGINE COOLING SYSTEM 103: A
problem within the engine cooling system has been
detected when this message displays. See your
Cadillac
dealership for service.
-
detected with the transaxle, this message will appear.
Have your vehicle checked by your CadilIac dealership.
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SPEED SENSOR FAULT 109: A circuit problem with
the vehicle speed sensor will trigger this message to appear.
Have your Cadillac dealership service your vehicle.
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THEFT SYSTEM PROBLEMlCARMAY NOT
STARTING DISABLEDDUE TO THEFT SYSTEM
REMOVE IGNITION KEY 33: This message will
RESTART 34: This message means there isa problem
in the Personalized Automotive Security System
appear when the Personalized Automotive Security
System (PASS-Key 11) senses thatan improper ignition
(PASS-Key 11). A fault hasbeen detected in the system
key is being used to try tostart the vehicle. Check the
which means thatthe PASS-Key I1 system is disabled
and is not protectingthe vehicle. The vehicle usually
ignition key for damage.If it is damaged, it may need to
be replaced. If yousee no damage, clean the pellet
restarts however, you may want to take your vehicle to
contacts with a soft cloth or napkin. Remove the ignition proper service center before turning off the engine.
key and wait for theDTC to display WAIT 3 MINUTES.
TOP SPEED FUEL CUT-OFF 111: This message
The instrument panel cluster will then run a timer and will appear when the PCM senses that the maximum
2 MINUTES, WAIT
change the messages to WAIT
of
speed for your Cadillac has been reached. The speed
1 MINUTE and then STARTCAR. When the START
your vehicle will decrease several mph as fuel
the
CAR message is displayed,try again to start the engine. supply is cutoff. This allows your vehicle to stay
in a
STOP ENGINE ENGINE OVERHEATED 42: This
stable operating range.
message will appear when the engine has overheated.
TRACTION READY 91: This message informs the
Stop and turn the engine off immediately to avoid severe driver that the traction control system is available. Thi
engine damage. See “Engine Overheating”
in the Index.
occurs when the traction on/off button in the glove box
STOP ENGINELOW OIL PRESSURE 35: If
has been returned toan on position (pressing the button
this message appears while theengine is running, stop
once turns the traction control system off; pressing the
of low
the engine and do not operate it until the cause
button again turns the system back on).
oil pressure is corrected. Severe damage to
the engine
TRACTION OFF 89: This message willbe displayed
can result.
after the traction control has been turned off.
TRANS FLUID RESET 48: With the engine not
running and the ignition on, press and hold the
OFF and
rear defog buttons until the TRANS FLUIDRESET
meGage appears on theDIC (between 5 and 20 seconds).
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TRANSMISSION HOT 112: This messages indicates Traction Active
that the transmission fluid in your vehicle
is too hot
(message -apppears when fluid temperature has reachedWhen your traction control systemis limiting wheel spin,
266 "F (130°C) for 15 minutes or when the temperature the TRACTION ACTIVE message will be displayed.
Slippery road conditions may exist if this message
is
reaches 291 OF (144°C) for 32 seconds). Have your
displayed,
so
adjust
your
driving
accordingly.
This
vehicle serviced immediately.
message will stay on fora few seconds after the traction
TRUNK OPEN 24: This message indicates that the
control system stops limiting wheel spin.
trunk is open when the ignition is in
RUN.
Trip Computer
TURN SIGNAL ON 20: This message is a reminder,
after driving abouta mile, that you have theturn signal on.
Road Sensing Suspension
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VEHICLE SPEED LIMITED
TO XXX MPH
(KM/H) 113: A failure in the suspension control
system has occurred when this message appears. The
PCM determines the speed your vehicle is limited to.
Have your Cadillac serviced if this message appears.
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The Road Sensing Suspension (RSS)(DeVille) and the
Continuous Variable-Road Sensing Suspension
(CV-RSS)(Concours) automatically adjust the ride of
your vehicle, with theCV-RSS having a wider rangeof
control. Automatic ride control is achieved through the
VERY LOW REFRIGERANT A/C COMPRESSOR RSS controller, a computer used to control and monitor
OFF 12: This message means that the air conditioning the suspension system. The controller receives inputs
system detects a refrigerant level that is low enough to from various sensors to determine the proper system
:awe damage to theA/C compressor. To avoid damage
response. If the controller detects a problem within the
:he A/C compressor automatically turnsoff and the
system, the DICwill display a SERVICERIDE
Electronic Climate Control will automatically switch
CONTROL message.If this message appears, have
?om AUTO to AC and remain there. Have the A/C
your vehicle serviced at your Cadillac dealership.
iystem serviced ifthis message appears.
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CHECK OIL LEVEL, it means that you have less
Oil Life Indicator
than 10% of the oil life leftand you'should consider
changing your engine oil.
If you see CHANGE
ENGINE OIL,it means the oil lifeis gone and you
should change theoil right away.
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This feature letsyou know when to change the engine
oil. It's based on the engineoil temperatures and
your driving patterns.To see the display, press the
XX OIL
INFORMATION button several times until
LIFE LEFT appears. If you see 99% OIL LIFE LEFT,
99%of your current oil life remains.
The system should indicate changing
the oil between
3,000 miles (5 000 km) and 7,500 miles (12 500 km).
It may indicate changing the oil before
3,000 miles
(5 000 km) depending onyour driving habits.If the
vehicle has been driven 7,500 miles (12 500km) it
will indicate to change the oil.
If you drive in a dusty
area, you should change your oil every 3,000 miles
(5 000 km) or three months (whichever comesfirst)
unless the display indicates changingit sooner. The
system doesn't checkhow much oil you have, so
you'll still have to check for that.
To see how, see
"Engine Oil" inthe Index.
When new oil is added, you'll need to reset the system.
To reset, display the Oil Life Indicator by pressing the
INFORMATION button. Then press and hold theRESET
button until the display shows100 OIL LIFE LEFT.
Electronic Level Control
The DIC may display aCHECK OIL LEVEL message.
This feature keeps the rear
of your vehicle level as the
Always keep a written recordof the mileage and date
when you changed your oil. For more information, see load changes. It's automatic-- you don't need to
adjust anything.
the Cadillac Maintenance Schedule booklet.
If you see
2-83
NOTES
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Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
I
In this section you'll find outhow to operate the comfort
control and audio systems offered with your Cadillac.
Be sureto read about the particular systems supplied
with your vehicle.
Comfort Controls
This section tellsyou how to make your air system work
for you. Your comfort control system uses
ozone-friendly R- 134a refrigerant.
the heating, cooling
With these systems, you can control
and ventilation in your Cadillac; Your vehicle also has
in
the flow-through ventilation system described later
this section.
3-1
Fan Button
The button with the fan symbol adjusts the fan speed.
Press the uparrow to increase fan speed and
the down
arrow to decrease fan speed.
Be careful not to put anything over the solar sensor
located in the middle
of the instrument panel near the
windshield. This sensoris used by the automatic system
to regulate temperature.
To find your comfort zone, start with
75°F (24°C)
Temperature Button
setting, allow about20 minutes for the system to
regulate. Press the red or blue temperature buttons to
The red and blue temperature buttons adjust
the air
If you choose60°F
temperature coming through the system. Press the blue adjust the temperature if necessary.
(1 6"C ) ,the systemwill remain at that maximum cooling
button for a eooler setting or the red button for a warmer
setting and will not regulatefan speed. If you choose the
setting. The outside temperature
is always displayed
temperature of 90°F (32"C), the system will remain at
when your vehicle is running.You can changeit from
that maximum heating setting and will not regulate
fan
ENGNET
Fahrenheit to Celsius by pressing the
speed.
Choosing
either
maximum
setting
will
not
cause
(English/metric) button on the DIC.
the system to heat or cool any faster.
Mode Controls
With this setting, the air conditioning compressor
automatically cycles when needed
to cool the air. In cold
The AUTO/ECON button automatically controls the
direction of air delivery for air conditioning and non-air weather, when the system senses the need for heat, the
airflow will be directed
out the floor outlets. As.the
conditioning modes.
interior temperature approaches a desired setting, the
Automatic Operation
blower speed will decrease.
To maintain interior
comfort, the airflowmay move to the instrument panel
When the system is set for AUTO, sensors will
control
air outlets and floor outlets
(BI-LEVEL mode). On
the air delivery mode.Air will come from the floor,
bright,
sunny
days
in
cold
weather, the airflow
may
middle or windshield outlets. The fan speed will vary
as
come out of the A/C outlets (A/C mode) to maintain
the system maintains the selected temperature setting.
comfort and prevent stuffiness.
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If your vehicle issitting out on hot
a day and you have
AUTO, the air will first flow out the floor air
it set -on
outlets for afew seconds. Thatis normal. Thisis to
As the airis cooled, the
expel hot air in the air outlets.
aifflow will move through theA/C outlets. If you start
your vehicle with the fansetting on HI, it will skip the
A/C Purge.
Manual Operation
RECIRCULATION: Press this button to limit the
amount of fresh air entering your vehicle. This is helpful
when you are tryingto cool the air quickly or limit odors
entering your vehicle. In theAUTO mode, the system
will use recirculation as necessary to cool the air.
Pressing the recirculation button will change the
To avoid blowing cold air in cold weather, the system operation to a manual mode and air
thewill recirculate
will delay turning on the fan until warm air is available. non-stop. Press this button again turn
to off the
The lengthof delay depends on the outside air
recirculation feature.
temperature, engine coolant temperature
or the time
If you notice the windows fogging, press the
since the engine was last started.
As the coolant warms
recirculation buttonto exit the recirculation mode.
up, the blower fan speed will graduallyincrease and air
will flow from the heateroutlets, with some aifflowto
OFF: Press this button to turn the system
off.
the windshield to prevent fogging under most
nonnal
Fresh air will continue to flow through
the vehicle,
conditions.
and the system will tryto maintain the previously set
If you leave your vehicle, the system will remember the temperature. The outside temperature will show in
the display when the system is off.
control settingthe next time you start your engine,
except for recirculation and defrost. Each ignition cycle @ DE-ICE (Option): Pressing this button helps to
cancels recirculation, whereas,DEFROST will change
remove ice or frost from the windshield. See "Heated
to AUTO when the ignition is shutoff and then turned
Windshield" later in this section.
back on.
DEFOG: Press thl's button to divide the air between the
windshield andthe heater outlets. This is useful when
fog appears on the windshield or side glass due to
sudden rain or snowy conditions. This feature is not
available with the heated windshield option.
AUTO/ECON: Press this buttonto switch between
AUTO and ECON. The ECON setting attempts to keep
air at a selected temperature, however, it does not
remove humidity from the air. Use this setting in cold
or
cool weather to save fuel. The AUTO setting is used
when it's warm outside andyou need to cool the air in
order to maintain a selected temperature and blower
speed.
FAN SPEEDS: Press the button with thefan
symbol until AUTO is displayed on the screen.At this
is automatically controlled.If it is
setting, the fan speed
run in the maximum
cold outside, the blower may not
high fan speed right away. The system checks the
temperature of the enginecoolant to assure itis warm
enough to provide heat. When
the engine coolant is
w m , the controller allows the fan to gradually increase
to a higher speed. This prevents cold air from blowing
If you want the blower
into the passenger compartment.
fan at a high speed, press the up arrow buttonuntil you
see HIon the display. If you want the fan speedto be
be higher than
automatic, butyou like the fan speed to
the AUTO setting, press the fan symbol button until HI
AUTO is shown on the display.If you want the blower
mow button until
fan at a low speed, press the down
LO is shown on the display. If you want the
fan speed to
run lower than theAUTO setting, press the button until
AUTO LO is shown on the display.
9DEFROST: Press this button to quickly remove
fog or frost from the windshield.
This setting sends most
of the airflow to the windshield with only
a small
amount to the floor outlets.
Electronic Solar Sensor
Air Conditioning
On hot days, open the windows long enough to let hot
inside air escape. This reduces thetime it takes for your
vehicle to cool down. Then keep your windows closed
for the air conditioner to work its best.
Press theAUTO/ECON button to assist in cooling air
and in maintaining proper airflow. Adjust the
temperature to a comfortable settingby pressing the
and pressing the red
blue button to cool your vehicle
button to warm your vehicle. Press thefan button arrows
up or down to adjust the fan speed.
The sensor monitors thesun’s solar radiation and is
located on top of the instrument panel near the
windshield. The ECC system uses this information to
automatically make the necessary temperature and
comfort.
airflow adjustments to maintain your
When the airconditioner is on,you may sometimes
notice slight changes in your vehicle’s engine speed an
power. This is normal because thesystem is designed to
cycle the compressor on and off
to keep the desired
temperature.
3-5
Heating
rress the AUTOECON button to direct airflowout
of the floor outletsand to help save fuel. Adjust the
temperature, if necessary, by pressing the blue
button
to decrease temperature and pressing the red button
to
increase temperature. Also remember to adjust the
fan
speed by pressing the upor down arrow.
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Outside air will be brought in and sent through
the floor
outlets. The heater works best if you keep your windows
closed while using it.
Ventilation System
Your Cadillac's flow-through ventilation system
is moving.
supplies outside air into the vehicle when
it
Outside air will also enter the vehicle when the heater
or
the air conditioning fan is running.
3-6
The front outlets are located
in the center and at each
side of the instrument panel.You can adjust the
direction of airflow by moving the center control levers
or you can stop the airflowby moving the lever located
on each sideof the outlets downward.
Ventilation Tips
e Keep the hood and front air inlet of
free
ice, snow or
any other obstruction (such as leaves). The heater
and defroster willwork far better, reducing the
chance of fogging the insideof the windows.
When you enter a vehiclein cold weather, adjust the
fan to the highest speed for
a few moments before
of snow
driving off. This helps clear the intake ducts
and moisture, and reduces the chance
of fogging the
inside of the windows.
of
Keep the air path under the front seats clear
objects. This helps circulate air throughout
your
vehicle.
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The directionof airflow to the rearseats can also be
adjusted. Move the center leverto direct airflow toward
the upper or floor outlets.
To direct aifflow from side to
side, move the lever located in the
center of each vent to
the right or left.
Heated Windshield (Option)
The heated windshield will remove or
icefrost in cold
weather.
1. Remove snow that is piled up on the windshield.
2. Start your Cadillacand leave it inPARK (P).
3. Press the DE-ICE button. A light will come on to
tell you it is working.Try not to useother electrical
equipment while the system is working.
3-7
The system will gooff after a four-minute heating cycle.
If you shift outof PARK (P), the system will only cycle
for two minutes. If you want it to cycle again, press the
If
button. It willgo on for two-minute cycles after that.
the windshield has cleared before the cycle is over, you
can turn it off by pressing the button again.
Defogging and Defrosting
On cool, humid days, use DEFOG to keep the
windshield and side windows clear. Use DEFROST to
remove fog or ice from the windshield quickly in
extremely humid or cold conditions.
Press the DEFOG or DE-ICE button and adjustthe fan
speed by pressing thefan button upor down. If you use
DEFROST, adjust the fan speed thesame way. If you
There isa metal film in the windshield which will block select DEFROST from AUTO, thesystem will control
out some radio or microwave signals. Therefore, the the fan speed. The temperature willalso need tobe
heated windshield will reduce the useful range
of
adjusted to your comfort level. Press
the blue button to
devices such as garage door openers and radar detectors. decrease the temperature and the red button to increase
(In certain states, radar detectors
are legal.)
the temperature.
Do not use theDE-ICE button if your vehicle hasa
Note that recirculation is not available
in the defrost or
cracked windshield. A crack will not allow the system to defog modes.
function properly. Have the windshield repaired before
using the DE-ICE button again.
Use the defroster feature
to clear fog fromthe
windshield as previously described.
3-8
7
1
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(@ Rear Window Defogger
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The lines you see on the rear window
warrn the glass.
Press the button toturn on the rear defogger. Withit,
the rear window and both outside rearview mirrors are
heated. The system will automatically shutoff after
10 minutes. If further defogging is desired, press the
button again.
Do not attach a temporary vehicle license, tape or decals
across the defogger grid on the rear window.
Steering Wheel Controls for
Climate Control
Some heating and cooling
controls canbe adjusted at
the steering wheel. Other
touch controls operate
some audio controls. See
“Steering Wheel Controls
for Audio System’’ later in
this section.
NOTICE:
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Scraping the insideof your rear window could
cut and damage the heating grids.
Your warranty
would not cover this damage.
And don’t put
decals there;you might have to scrape them
off.
# FAN SPEED: Press the up arrow lever to increase
the fan speed and the downarrow lever to decrease
fan speed.
TEMP: Press the up arrow lever to increase
the temperature and the down arrow lever to
decrease temperature.
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Audio Systems
Your Cadillac audio system has been designed
to operate
easily and give yearsof listening pleasure.You will get
the most enjoyment outof it if you acquaint yourself
with it first. Find out what your Cadillac system do
can
and how to operate all its controls,to be sure you’re
getting the most out of the advanced engineering that
went into it.
Setting the Clock
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player
(DeVille Only)
FMI FW
MN
Press and holdHR or MN until the time display begins
to change. Release the button as youget close to the
correct time. The time may be set anytime the clock
is
displayed. There is a two-second delay before the clock
goes into time-set mode.
Also available isan Active AudioAM-FM Stereo
with Cassette Tape Player which includes
11 amplified
for details.
speakers. See your dealer
3-10
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Playing the Radio
P-
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PWR: Press this button lightlyto release it from its
turn on. Press the
recessed position. The system will
button again to turn the system off.
VOL: Turn the knobclockwise to increase the volume.
Turn it counterclockwise to decrease the volume. The
volume level will appearon the display.
DSPL: Press this buttonto display the station being
played or the time of day.
seconds. The radio.wil1 go to a station, stop
f0r.a few
to the next station.Press this button
seconds, then go on
again to stop scanning.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations.
You can set up to
18 stations (sixAM, six FM1 and six FM2).
1. Press AM, FM1 or FM2 to select the band.
2. Find the stationyou want by pressing TUNE-SEEK.
3. Press and hold oneof the six numbered buttons until
you hear a chime. A preset number will appear on
Finding a Station
the display.
AM: Press this button to selectAM and preset stations.
4. The sound will mute. When it returns, release the
FM1-FM2: Press this buttonto select FM1 or FM2 and
button. Whenever you press that numbered button,
preset stations.
the stationyou set will return.
TUNE-SEEK: Press this buttonto activate the radioto
PSCAN: Press and hold SCAN for two tothree seconds
choose higher or lowerradio stations. Pressand hold
until PSCAN (preset scan) appears on the display to listen
this button until you hear a chime. Release the button to to each of your preset stations fora few seconds (factory
begin seeking to the next
higher or lower radio station
with your
presets which have not been reprogrammed
and then stop.If you press andhold TUNE-SEEK for
stations will be ignored). Theradio will go to the first
longer than two seconds
after the chime sounds, the
preset station storedon your pushbuttons, stopfor a few
radio will be in tune fastmode. Release the button when
seconds, then go on to the next preset station. Press
SCAN
you want to stay at a radio station.
again to stop scanning.If a preset station has weak
reception, the radiowill not stop at the preset station.
SCAN: Press this button andSCAN will appearon the
display. Use SCAN to listen to stations for a few
2 11
Setting the Tone
Playing a Cassette Tape
BASS: Press this button lightlyso it extends. Turn the
With the radio on, insert a cassette tape. The tape will
BASS knob clockwise to increase and counterclockwise begin playing as soon asit is inserted.
to decrease bass. The middle position is a detent.
VOL; FADE, BAL,
While the tape is playing, use the
TREB: Press this button lightlyso it extends. Turn the
TREB and BASS controls just as youdo for the radio.
TREB knob clockwise to increase and counterclockwise Other controls may have different functions when a tape
is a detent.
to decrease treble. The middle position
will show TAPE with an arrow
is inserted. The display
to indicate which side of
the tape is playing.PLAY will
Push the knobs backin when you are not using them.
is playing.
appear on the display when a tape
Adjusting the Speakers
If an error occurs while trying to play a cassette ittape,
could be that:
BAL: Press this button lightlyso it extends. Turn the
BAL knob to move the sound to the left
or right
The cassette tape is tight and the cassette player
speakers. The middle position
is a detent and balances
cannot turn the hubsof the tape. (Wold the cassette
the speakers, Turn the knob clockwise to adjust sound to
the right speakers and counterclockwise for left
speakers.
FADE: Press this button lightlyso it extends. Turn the
FADE knob to move the sound to the front or rear
is a detent and balances
speakers. The middle position
the speakers. Turn theknob clockwise to adjust the
sound to thefront speakers and counterclockwisefor
rear speakers.
Push the knobs back in when you’re notusing them.
3-12
tape with the open
end down andtry turning the right
Flip the tape
hub counterclockwise with a pencil.
over and repeat.If the hubs do nottun easily, your
cassette tape maybe damaged and should not be
used in the player.Try a new tapeto be sure your
player is working properly.
The cassette tapeis broken. (Check to seeif your
tape is broken. Try a new tape.)
Note that cassette tape adapter
kits for portable compact
disc playerswill not work in your cassette player. These
adapters will causean error message to show on the
display, and the adapter cassette will be ejected.
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TAPE: Press this button to switch from radio to cassette
tape play. PressAM, FM1 or FM2 to switch to the radio.
SEEK: Press the forward arrow to search for the next
selection onthe tape. Press the backward arrow to
search for the previous selection on the tape (REP will
appear on the display). Your tape must have at least
three secondsof silence between each selection for
SEEK to work. The sound will be muted while seeking.
REV: Press this left arrow button to reverse the tape
rapidly. Press it again to return to playing speed. The
radio will play while the tape reverses REV
and will
appear on the display.You may use your station
pushbuttons to tuneto another radio station while in
REV mode.
FF: Press this right arrow button to advance quickly to
another partof the tape. Press the button again to return
to playing speed. The radio will play while the tape
You may
advances and FWD will appear on the display.
use your station pushbuttons to tune to another radio
station whilein FWD mode.
SIDE: Press this button to change the side
of the tape
that is playing.
SCAN: Press this button. SCANwill appear on the
display until the next selection is found and then
PLAY
will appear on the display. UseSCAN to listen to
selections for a few seconds. The tape willgo to a
to the
selection, stopfor a few seconds, then go on
next selection.Press this button againto stop scanning.
A (EJECT): Press the upward triangle button to
remove a tape.The radio will play. Eject may be
activated with theradio off if the ignition ison. Cassette
tapes may be loaded with the radio off but will
theynot
start playing until thePWR button is turned on. Press
PWR or turn the ignition key OFF to stop the cassette
tape player. The tape will stay in the player and resume
play at the pointwhere it stopped.
CLN: This message may appearon the display. If it
does, your cassette tape player needsto be cleaned. It
will still play tapes, but you should clean it as soon
as
possible to preventdamage to your tapes and player.
See “Careof Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index.
After you clean the player, press and holdEJECT for
five seconds to reset the
CLN indicator. The radio will
display --- to show the indicator was reset.
Dolby@Noise Reduction is manufactured undera
license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Dolby and the double-D symbol are trademarksof
Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
3-13
Active Audio AM-FM Stereo with Cassette
Tape and Compact Disc Player with Digital
Signal Processing (Option)
VOL: Turn the knob clockwiseto increase the volume.
volume. The
Turn it counterclockwise to decrease the
volume level will appear on the display.
Finding a Station
AM: Press this buttonto select AM and preset stations.
FM 1-2: Press this button to selectFM1 or FM2 and
preset stations.
TUNE-SEEK: Press this buttonto activate the radio
to choose higheror lower radio stations. Press and hold
Also available with this audio system is an optional
compact disc player. See your dealer for details.
PIaying the Radio
PWR: Press this button lightly to release it from
its
recessed position. The system will turn on. Press the
button again to turn thesystem off.
3-14
this button until you hear a chime. Release the button to
begin seekingto the next higher or lower radio station
and then stop.If you press and hold TUNE-SEEK for
longer than two seconds after the chime sounds, the
radio will be in tune fast mode. Releasethe button when
you want to stay ata radio station.
SCAN: Press this button and SCAN will appear on
the display. Use SCAN to listen to stations
for afew
seconds. The radio willgo to a station, stop for
a few
seconds, then goon to the next station. Press this button
again to stop scanning.
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PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to
18 stations (sixAM, six FM1 and six FM2).
Setting theTone
BASS: Press this button lightlyso it extends. Turn the
BASS knob clockwise to increase and counterclockwise
to decrease bass. The middle position
is a detent.
1. Press AM or FM 1-2 to select the band.
2. Find the station you want by pressing TUNE-SEEK. TREB: Press this button lightlyso it extends.Turn the
TREB knob clockwise to increase and counterclockwise
3. Press and hold oneof the six numbered buttons until
to decrease treble. The middle position is a detent.
you hear a chime.A preset number will appear on
Push theknobs back in when you are not using them.
the display.
DSP: The Digital Signal Processing(DSP) feature is
4. The sound will mute. When it returns, release the
button. Whenever you press that numbered button, used to produce four audio effects. These include
TALK, DRIVER SEAT, LIVE and AUDITORIUM.
the station you set will return.
DSP can be used while listening to the radio, the
PSCAN: Press and holdSCAN for two to three seconds
CD player. To activate DSP,
cassette tape player or the
until PSCAN (preset scan) appearson the display to
press the DSP button. Press this button again to
go
listen to each ofyour preset stations for a few seconds
To
turn
the
DSP
feature
off,
through
the
four
effects.
(factory presets which havenot been reprogrammed with
press OFF.
your stations will be ignored). The radio will go to the
TALK: This setting is usedwhen listening to
fKst preset station storedon your pushbuttons, stop for a
non-musical material such as baseball games, talk
few seconds, thengo on to the next preset station. Press
shows or news.TALK gives the best clarityof
SCAN again to stop scanning.
If a preset station has weak
reception, the radio will not stop at the preset station.
spoken words. Thehigh and low frequencies are
lowered, the mid-range is increased and the audio
is moved to the front speakers.
3-15
0
DRIVER SEAT This setting adjusts the audio to
Adjusting the Speakers
give the driver the best possible sound qualities. This
BAL: Press this button lightlyso it extends. Turn
has been done by tailoringthe soundarrival times
the BAL knob to move the sound to the left or right
DRIVER SEAT
and equalization for the driver seat.
speakers. The middle position is a detent and balances
can be used at any time
for any material. Other
the speakers. Turn the knob clockwise to adjust sound
passengers in the vehicle may not perceive the same to the rightspeakers and counterclockwise for left
effect.
speakers.
0
LIVE: This settingis used to imitate the sound
of a
live performance.
FADE: Press this button lightly so it extends. Turn
the FADE knob to move the soundto the frontor rear
0
AUDITORIUM: This setting is similar toLIVE
however, more echo is present. The
LIVE and
AUDITORIUM settings are best used for music.
speakers. The middle position isa detent and balances
the speakers. Turn the knob clockwise to adjust the
sound to the front speakers and counterclockwise for
rear speakers.
LEVEL: Press the plusor minus symbol on this button
DSP
to adjust the amountof effect desired when in
mode. Some experimenting with this button will help
you determine the best sound.
3-16
Push theknobs back inwhen you’re not using them.
Playing a Cassette Tape
With theradio on, insert a cassette tape. The tape will
begin playing as soon asit is inserted.
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TAPE: Press this button to switch from radio
While the tapeis playing, use theVOL, FADE, BAL,
AM or
(or optionalCD) to cassette tape play. Press
TREB and BASS controls just as you do for the radio.
Other controls may have different functions when a tapeFM 1-2 to switch tothe radio.
is inserted.The display will show TAPE with an arrow
SEEK: Press the forward arrow to search for
the next
to indicate which sideof the tape is playing.
PLAY will
selection on the tape. Press the backward arrow
to
appear on the displaywhen a tape is playing.
search for the previous selection
on the tape (REPwill
it
If an error occurs while trying to play a cassette tape,
appear on the display).Your tape must have at least
three secondsof silence between each selection for
could be that:
SEEK to work. The sound will be muted while seeking.
0 The cassette tapeis tight and the cassette player
cannot turn the hubs
of the tape. (Hold the cassette
try turning the right
tape with the open end down and
hub counterclockwise with a pencil. Flip the tape
over and repeat.If the hubs do not turn easily, your
cassette tape may be damaged and should not be
used in the player.Try a new tape to be sure your
player is working properly.
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REV: Press this leftarrow button to reversethe tape
rapidly. Press it againto return to playing speed. The
REV will
radio will play while the tape reverses and
appear on the display.
You may use your station
pushbuttons to tuneto another radio station whilein
REV mode.
FF: Press this rightarrow button to advance quickly to
another partof the tape. Press the button again to return
to playing speed. The radio will play while the tape
advances andFWD will appear on the display.
You may
Note that cassette tape adapterkits for portable compact
disc players will not work in your cassette player. Theseuse your station pushbuttons to tune to another radio
station while in FWD mode.
adapters will causean error message to show on the
SIDE: Press this button to change the side
of the tape
display, and the adapter cassette will
be ejected.
that is playing.
The cassette tape is broken. (Check to see
if your
tape is broken.Try a new tape.)
3-17
SCAN: Press this button.SCAN will appearon the
display until the next selection is found and PLAY
then
will appear on the display. UseSCAN to listento
selections for a few seconds. The tape will go to a
selection, stop for a few seconds, then
go on to the next
station. Press this button again to stop scanning.
A (EJECT): Press the upward triangle buttonto
remove a tape. The radio will play. Eject may be
activated with the radiooff if the ignitionis on. Cassette
tapes may be loaded with the radio off but they will not
P W R button is turned on. Press
start playing until the
PWR or turn the ignition key
OFF to stop the cassette
tape player. The tape will stay in the player and resume
play at the point where it stopped.
CLN: This message may appear on the display. If it
does, your cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It
will still play tapes, butyou should clean it assoon as
possible to prevent damageto your tapes and player.
See “Careof Your Cassette Tape Player’’ in the Index.
After you clean the player, press and hold EJECT
for
five seconds to reset the
CLN indicator. The radio will
display --- to show the indicator was reset.
is manufactured under a
Dolby@ Noise Reduction
license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Dolby and the double-D symbol are trademarks
of
Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
3-18
Trunk Mounted CD Changer (Option)
With the optional compactdisc changer, you can play up
to 12 discs continuously. Normalsize discs may be
played using the trayssupplied inthe magazine. The
small discs(8 cm) can be played only with specially
designed trays.
NOTICE:
Objects in the trunkwhich may shift or slide
during driving could damage your CD changer.
Protect your CD changer by using the convenience
net whenever possible. Place large objects in the
trunk appropriately so that they will not come
into contact with the CD chaager.
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You must first load the magazine with discs before you Once you have loaded the discs in the magazine, slide
of the 12 trays holdsone
can play a compact disc. Each
open the doorof the compact disc(CD) changer. Push
disc. Press the button on the back
of the magazine and
the magazine into the changer in the direction
of the
arrow marked on top of the magazine.
pull gently on oneof the trays. Load the trays from
bottom to top, placing a disc on the tray label side down.
If you load a disc label side
up, the disc will not play
push the tray back into
and an error will occur. Gently
the magazine slot. Repeat this procedure for loading up
to 12 discs in the magazine.
All of the CD functions are controlled
by the radio
buttons except for ejecting the magazine. Whenever a
CD magazine with discs is loaded in the changer, the
CD symbol will appearon the radio display.If the CD
changer is checking the magazine CDs,
for the CD
symbol will flashon the display until the changer is
ready to play. When CD
a begins playing, a disc and
track number will be displayed. The
disc numbers are
listed on the front of the magazine.
All of the CD functions
are controlled by the radio
buttons, except for ejecting the CD magazine.
CD: Press this button,if you havea disc loaded in the
changer and the radio is playing, to play a compact disc.
Press AM or FM 1-2 to return to the radio when
a
Close the doorby sliding itall the way tothe left. If the
compact discis playing. PressTAPE to switch between
door is left partially open,the changer will not operate
CD
the tape and compact disc if both are loaded. Press
and an error will occur. When the dooris closed, the
to switch between the CDpushbuttons'l through 6 and
changer will begin checking
for discs in the magazine.
7 through 12. These pushbuttons represent the orderof
This will continue for
up to one and a half minutes
the discs loaded in the changer.
depending on the numberof discs loaded.
DSPL: Press this button to display the time
of day. Press
To eject the magazine from the player, slide CD
the
this button again within five seconds to see the element
changer door all the way open. The magazine will
time. Press DSPL again within five seconds to see how
automatically eject. Remember to keep the door closed many compact discs are loaded in the changer and
whenever possible to keepdirt and dust from getting
where they are loaded. PressDSPL again to reviewthe
inside the changer.
active preset buttons(1 through 6 or 7 through 12).
3-20
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EJECT: Slide the CD changer doorall the way open
PUSHBUTTONS: Press buttonsone through six to go
from one compactdisc to another that is loaded in the and the disc will automatically eject.
changer.
Compact Disc Changer Errors
SIDE: Press this button to select the next discin the
If ERROR appears on the display, an error has occurred
changer. Each time you pressthis button, DISC
LOADING will appear on the display and the disc number and the compact disc temporarily cannot play.
on the radio displaywill move to the next availableCD.
CD CHANGERERROR could be displayed for the
REV: Press this button to reverse quickly through a
following:
track selection.
The road is too rough. The disc should play when the
FF: Press this buttonto advance quickly through a track
road is,smoother.
selection.
The disc is dirty, scratched, wet or loaded label side up.
RDM: Press this buttonto enter random play mode.
The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
RDM will appear on the display. The loaded discs will
try again.
be played inrandom ratherthan sequential (1,2,3. . .)
order. Press SEEK while RDM is on the display to
CD CHANGER DOOR OPENis displayed whenthe
randomly seek throughdiscs and tracks. PressRDM
CD changer door is left open. Completely close the
again to returnto sequential order.
changer door to restore normal operation.
SEEK: Press the left arrow while playing a compact
CD CHANGER NO DISCS is displayed whenan empty
disc togo back to the startof a current track,if more
magazine is inserted in the CD changer.
Try the
than eight seconds have played. Press the left arrow
magazine againwith a disc loadedon one of the trays.
again and thechanger will go to previous tracks. Press
If any error bccurs repeatedly
or if an error cannot be
the right arrow to go to the next higher trackon the disc.
corrected, please contact your dealer.
If your radio
SCAN: When you press SCAN while playingCD,
a you
displays an error number, write it down and provide
it to
will hear the first few seconds of each disc. Press SCAN your dealer when reporting the problem.
again to stop ona CD. The CD will be muted while
scanning and SCAN will appear
on the display.
Active Audio AM-FM Stereo with Cassette
Tape and Compact Disc Players(Option)
Finding a Station
AM: Press this buttonto select AM and preset stations.
FM 1-2: Press this buttonto select FM1 or FM2 and
preset stations.
TUNE-SEEK: Press this buttonto activate the radioto
choose higher or lower radio stations. Press
and hold
a chime. Release the button to
this button until you hear
begin seekingto the next higher or lower radio station
and then stop. If you press and hold TUNE-SEEK
for
longer than two seconds after the chime sounds,
the
radio will be in tune fast mode. Release the button when
you want to stay at a radio station.
Playing the Radio
PWR: Press this button lightly to release
it from its
recessed position. The system will
turn on. Press the
button again toturn the systemoff.
VOL: Turn the knob clockwiseto increase the volume.
Turn it counterclockwiseto decrease the volume. The
volume level will appear on the display.
3-22
SCAN: Press this button and
SCAN will appear on the
display. Use SCAN to listento stations for a few
a
seconds. The radio willgo to a station, stop forfew
seconds, then go on to the next station. Press this button
again to stop scanning.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations.You can set up to
18 stations (sixAM, six FM1 and six FM2).
1. Press AM or FM 1-2 to select the band.
2. Find the station you want by pressing TUNE-SEEK.
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3. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons until Adjusting the Speakers
you hear a chime.A preset number will appear on
BAL: Press this button lightlyso it extends. Turn the
the display.
BAL knob to move the sound to the left or right speake
The middle position is a detent and balances the speake
4. The sound will mute. When it returns, release the
Turn the knob clockwise to adjust sound to the right
button. Whenever you press that numbered button,
speakers and counterclockwise for left speakers. Push th
the station you setwill return.
button back it when youare not using it.
PSCAN: Press and holdSCAN for two to three seconds
FADE: Press this button lightlyso it extends. Turn the
until PSCAN (preset scan) appears on the display to
listen to each of your preset stations for a few seconds FADE knob to move the sound to thefront or rear
speakers. The middle position is a detent and balances
(factory presets which have not been reprogrammed
the
with your stations will be ignored). The radio will go to the speakers. Turn the knob clockwise to adjust
the firstpreset station stored on your pushbuttons, stop sound to the front speakers and counterclockwise for
back it when you are not
for a few seconds, then go on to the next preset station. rear speakers. Push the button
using it.
Press SCAN again to stop scanning.
If a preset station
has weak reception, the radio will not stop at the preset
Playing a Cassette Tape
station.
With the radio on, insert a cassette tape. The tape wi
Setting the Tone
begin playing as soon as it is inserted.
BASS: Press this button lightlyso it extends. Turn the
While the tape is playing,
use the VOL,FADE, BAL,
BASS knob clockwise to increase and counterclockwise TREB and BASS controls just as you do for the radio.
to decrease bass. The middle position is a detent.
Other controls may have different functions when
a tape
is inserted. The display will show
TAPE with an arrow
TREB: Press this button lightlyso it extends. Turn the
TREB knob clockwise to increase and counterclockwise to indicate which sideof the tape is playing. PLAY will
appear on the display when a tape
is playing.
to decrease treble. The middle position is a detent.
Push the knobs back in when you are not using them.
3-23
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If an error occurs while tryingto play a cassette tape, it
could be that:
The cassette tapeis tight and the cassette player
cannot turn thehubs of the tape. (Hold thecassette
tape with the open end down and
try turning the right
hub counterclockwise with a pencil. Flip the tape
over and repeat. If the hubs
do not turn easily, your
cassette tapemay be damaged and should not be
used in the player.Try a new tapeto be sure your
player is working properly.
The cassette tapeis broken. (Check to seeif your
tape is broken.Try a new tape.)
Note that cassette tape adapter kits
for portable compact
disc players will not work
in your cassette player. These
adapters will cause an error messageto show on the
display, and the adapter
cassette will be ejected.
TAPE: Press this button to switch from radio or
CD to
cassette tape play. PressAM or FM 1-2 to switchto the
radio.
SEEK: Press the forwardarrow to search for the next
selection on the tape. Press the backward arrow to
search for the previous selection on the tape
(REPwill
3-24
appear on the display). Your tape must have
at least
three secondsof silence between each selectionfor
SEEK to work. The sound will be muted while seeking.
REV: Press this leftmow button to reverse thetape
rapidly. Press it againto return to playingspeed. The radio
will play while the tape reverses andREV will appear on
the display. You may use your station pushbuttons to tune
to another radio station whilein REV mode.
FF: Press this right arrow button
to advance quicklyto
another partof the tape. Press the button again
to return
to playing speed. The radio will play while the tape
You may
advances and FWD will appear on the display.
use your station pushbuttons totune to another radio
station while inFWD mode.
SIDE: Press this buttonto change the sideof the tape
that is playing.
SCAN: Press this button. SCAN will appearon the
display until the next selection
is found and thenPLAY
will appear on the display. Use
SCAN to listen to
to a
selections for a few seconds. The tape go
will
selection, stop for a few seconds, then on
goto the next
station. Press this button again to stop scanning:
Trunk Mounted CI)changer
the upward triangle button
to removea tape. The radio will play. Ejectmay be
With the compact disc changer, you can play
up to
activated with the radiooff if the ignition is on. Cassette 12 discs continuously. Normal size discs may
be played
tapes may be loaded with the radio off but they willnot
using the trays supplied in the magazine. The small disc
start playing untilthe PWR button is turned on. Press
(8 cm) can be played only with specially designed trays.
PWR or turn the ignitionkey OFF to stop the cassette
tape player. The tape will stay in the player and resume
play at the point where it stopped.
NOTICE:
A (EJECT): Press
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CLN: This message may appearon the display.If it
does, your cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It
will still play tapes, butyou should cleanit as soon as
possible to prevent damageto your tapes and player.
See “Careof Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index.
After you clean the player, press
and hold EJECT for
five secondsto reset the CLN indicator. The radio will
display --- to show the indicator was reset.
Dolby@Noise Reductionis manufactured under a
license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Dolby and the double-D symbol are trademarksof
Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
1
Objects in the trunk which may
shift or slide
during driving could damage your CD changer.
Protect your CD changer by using the convenience
net whenever possible. Place large objectsin the
trunk appropriately so.thatthey will not come
into contact with theCD changer.
I
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i'
d
You must first load the magazine with
discs before you
Once you have loaded the discs in the magazine, slide
open the doorof the compact disc(CD) changer. Push
the magazine into the changer the
in direction of the
disc. Press the button on the backof the magazine and
pull gently on one of the trays. Load the trays
arrow marked on top of the magazine.
from
bottom to top, placing a disc on the tray label side down.
If you load a disc label sideup, the disc will not play
back into
and an error will occur. Gently push the tray
the magazine slot. Repeat this procedure for loading
up
to 12 discs in the magazine.
can play a compact disc. Each of the 12 trays holds one
3-26
.. .
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1
All of the CD functions are controlled
by the radio
a
buttons except for ejecting the magazine. Whenever
CD magazine with discs is loaded
in the changer, the
CD symbol will appear on the radio display.
If the CD
changer is checking the magazine
for CDs, theCD
the changer is
symbol will flash on the display until
ready to play. When a CD begins playing, a disc and
track number will be displayed. The disc numbers are
listed on the frontof the magazine.
All of the CD functions are controlled by the radio
buttons, except for ejectingthe CD magazine.
CD: Press this button,if you have a disc loadedin the
changer and the radiois playing, to play a compact disc.
Press AM or FM 1-2 to return to the radiowhen a
TAPE to switch between
Close the door by sliding it all the way to the left. If the compact disc is playing. Press
CD
door is left partially open, the changer will not operate the tape and compact disc if both are loaded. Press
to
switch
between
the
CD
pushbuttons
1
through
6
and
is closed, the
and an error will occur. When the door
changer will begin checking for discs in the magazine. 7 through 12. These pushbuttons representthe order of
the discs loaded in the changer.
This will continue for up to one and a half minutes
depending on the number of discs loaded.
DSPL: Press this button to display the time of day. Pre
this button again within fiveseconds to see the element
To eject the magazine from the player, slide the
CD
time. Press DSPL again within five seconds to see how
changer door allthe way open. The magazine will
automatically eject. Remember to keep the door closed many compact discs are loaded in the changer and
where they are loaded. PressDSPL again to review the
whenever possible to keep dirt and dust from getting
inside the changer.
active preset buttons (1 through 6 or 7 through 12).
PUSHBUTTONS: Press buttonsone through six to go
from one compact disc to another thatis loaded in the
changer.
SCAN: When you pressSCAN while playinga CD, you
will hear thefist few secondsof each disc. PressSCAN
again to stop on CD.
a The CD will be muted while
SIDE: Press this button to select the next disc in the
changer. Each time you press
this button, DISC
scanning andSCAN will appearon the display.
LOADING will appear on the display and the disc
number onthe radio display will move
to the next
available CD.
REV: Press this button to reverse quickly through a
track selection.
EJECT: Slide theCD changer doorall the way open
and the disc will automatically eject.
Compact Disc Changer Errors
If ERROR appears on the display,an error has occurred
and the compactdisc temporarily cannot play.
FF: Press this buttonto advance quickly through a track CD CHANGER ERROR could be displayed for the
selection.
RDM: Press this buttonto enter random play mode.
RDM will appearon the display. The loaded discs will
be played in random ratherthan sequential (1,2,3. . .)
order. Press SEEK while RDM is on the display to
randomly seek throughdiscs and tracks. Press RDM
again to return to sequential order.
SEEK: Press the left arrow while playing a compact
disc to go back to thestart of a current track, if more
than eight seconds have played. Press the left arrow
again and the changer
will go to previous tracks. Press
the right arrow to go to the next higher track on the disc.
3-28
following:
The road is too rough. Thedisc should play when the
road is smoother.
The disc is dirty, scratched, wetor loaded label side
UP-
The air is very humid.If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
CD CHANGERDOOR OPEN is displayed when the
CD changer dooris left open. Completely close the
changer doorto restore normal operation.
CD CHANGERNO DISCS is displayed when an empty
magazine is inserted in the CD changer.Try the
magazine again with a disc loaded
on one of the trays.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot
be
corrected, please contact your dealer.
If your radio
displays an error number, write
it down and provideit to
your dealer when reporting the problem.
Steering Wheel.Controlsfor Audio System
(Option)
IVOLUME: Press the up
arrow lever to increase the
volume and the down arrow
lever to decrease volume.
Theft-Deterrent Feature
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Your Cadillac has a “built-in” theft-deterrent feature
on
each radio thatis automatic -- there is no programming
required. The radio in your Cadillac cannot
be used in
any other vehicle besides another Cadillac
if it were to
be removed.
SELECT When listening to the radio, press the
up or downarrow lever to tune to the next
or previous
radio station (factory presets which have not been
reprogrammed with your stations will be ignored).
When listening to a cassette tape, the up or down
arrow lever can be usedto SEEK forward and rearward
arrow lever
through the tape. Pressing the up or down
when listening toa CD will cause the playerto go to
the next or previous selection.
3-29
Understanding Radio Reception
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give you the best sound. But
FM signals
will reach only about10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). Tall
buildings or hills can interfere withFM signals, causing
go.
the sound to come and
AM
FM,
The range for most AM stations
is greater than for
especially at night. The longer range, however,
can
cause stationsto interfere with each other.AM can pick
Try
up noise from things like storms and power lines.
reducing the trebleto reduce this noise if you ever
get it.
Tips About Your Audio System
Hearing damagefrom loud noiseis almost undetectable
until it is too late. Your hearing can adapt to higher
volumes of sound. Sound that seemsnormal can be loud
and harmful toyour hearing. Take precautions by
adjusting the volume control on your radio to a safe
sound level before your hearing adaptsit.to
3-30
To help avoid hearing loss or damage:
Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting.
Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably
and clearly.
NOTICE:
Before you add any sound equipment to your
vehicle like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio be sure you can add
what you want. If you can, it’s very important to
do it properly. Addedsound equipment may
interfere with the operation of your vehicle’s
engine, Cadillac radio or other systems, and even
damage them. Your vehicle’s systems may
interfere with the operation of sound equipment
that hasbeen added improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment,
check with
your dealerand be sure to check Federal rules
covering mobile radio andtelephone units.
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Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
A tape player that isnot cleaned regularlycan cause
c
c
reduced sound quality, ruinedcassettes or a damaged
mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored in their
cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight and
extreme heat.If they aren’t, they may not operate
properly or may cause failureof the tape player.
Your tape player should be cleaned regularly after every
50 hours of use. Your radio may displayCLN or CLEAN
TAPE to indicate that you have used your
tape player for
50 hours without resetting thetape clean timer. Each time
the cassetteis cleaned, the 50 hour cassette timer should
be reset. This is done by holding down the eject button
TAPE CLEAN message is
for five seconds or until the
displayed. If you notice a reduction in sound quality,try a
known good cassette tosee if the tape or the tape player is
at fault.If this other cassette has no improvementin sound
quality, clean the tape player.
Cleaning may be done with a scrubbing action,
non-abrasive cleaning cassette with pads which
scrub
the tape head as the hubsof the cleaner cassette turn.It
is normal for the cassette
to eject while cleaning. Insert
the cassette at least six times to ensure thorough
cleaning. A scrubbing action cleaningcassette is
available through your Cadillac dealer.
You may also choose a non-scrubbing action, wet-tyw
cleaner which uses a cassette with a fabric to
belt
clean
the tape head. This type of cleaning cassette will not
eject. It may not clean as thoroughly as the scrubbing
type cleaner.
Cassettes are subjectto wear and the sound quality may
make sure that the cassette
degrade over time. Always
tape is in good condition before you have your tape
player serviced.
Care of Your Compact Discs
Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original ca
or other protective cases and away from direct sunlig
a
and dust. If the surface
of a disc is soiled, dampen
clean, soft cloth in
a mild, neutral detergent solution and
clean it, wiping from the centerto the edge.
Be sure never to touch the signal surface when hand
by grasping the outer edgesor the
discs. Pick up discs
edge of the hole and the outer edge.
3-31
*
Power Antenna Mast Care
NOTICE:
Your power antenna will look
its best and work wellif
it’s cleaned from time to time.
To clean the antenna
mast:
Before entering an automatic carwash, turn off
your radio to make thepower antenna go down.
This will prevent the mast frompossibly getting
damaged. If the antenna does not go down when
you turn the radiooff, it may be damaged or
need to be cleaned. In either case, lower the
antenna by hand by carefully pressing the
antenna down.
1. Turn on the ignition and radio
to raise the antenna.
2. Dampen a clean cloth with mineral spirits or
equivalent solvent.
3. Wipe the cloth over the mast sections, removing
any
dirt.
4. Wipe dry with a clean cloth.
5. Make the antennago up and downby turning the
radio or ignition off and on.
6. Repeat if necessary.
NOTICE:
I
Don’t lubricate thepower antenna. Lubrication
could damageit.
3-32
If the mast portionof your antenna is damaged, you can
your dealer for a replacement kit
easily replace it. See
and follow the instructionsin the kit.
.
3
NOTES
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3-33
NOTES
3-34
t.a*
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1)
Section 4 Your DrivingandtheRoad
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is: Drive
defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in your
Cadillac: Buckle up. (See “Safety Belts” in the Index.)
Defensive driving really means “be readyfor anything.”
On city streets, rural roads or freeways, it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
Assume that pedestriansor other drivers are goingto be
careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they might
do. Be ready for their mistakes.
Rear-end collisions are aboutthe most preventable
of accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough
following distance. It’s the best defensive driving
maneuver, in both city and rural driving. You never
Here you’ll find information about driving on different know when the vehicle in frontof you is goingto brake
kinds of roads and in varying weather conditions.
We’ve
or turn suddenly.
also included many other useful tips on driving.
4-1
Drunken Driving
problem
The obvious wayto solve this highway safety
is for people never drink
to alcohol and then drive. But
Death and injury associated with drinking
and driving is
what if people do? How much is “too much”if the
a national tragedy. It’s the number one contributor to the driver plans to drive? It’s a lot than
less many might
highway death toll, claiming thousands
of victims every
think. Althoughit depends on each person and situation,
year.
here is some general information on the problem.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needsdrive
to a
(BAC) of someone
The Blood Alcohol Concentration
vehicle:
who is drinking depends upon four things:
Judgment
The amount of alcohol consumed
0
MuscularCoordination
The drinker’s body weight
Vision
The amountof food that is consumed before and
during drinking
Attentiveness
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases,
of someone who was drinking
these deaths are the result
and driving. In recent years, some18,000 annual motor
vehicle-related deaths have been associated with
the use
of alcohol, with more than300,000 people injured.
Many adults -- by some estimates, nearly half the
adult population-- choose neverto drink alcohol,so
they never drive afterdrinking. For persons under21,
it’s against the law in every
U.S. state to drink alcohol.
There are good medical, psychological and
developmental reasons for these laws.
4-2
The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol
According to the American Medical Association,a
180-lb. (82 kg) person who drinks three 12-ounce
.
(355 ml) bottlesof beer in an hour will end up with a
BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce
(120 ml) glasses
1-1/2 ounces
of wine or three mixed drinks if each had
(45 ml) of a Iiquor like whiskey, gin or vodka.
-
Since alcoholis camed in body water, this means thata
BAC level than a
woman generally will reach a higher
man of her same body weight when each has the same
number of drinks.
a
The law in manyU.S. states sets the legal limit atBAC
of 0.10 percent. In a growing number
of U.S. states, and
0.08 percent. In some
throughout Canada, the limit is
other countries it’s even lower. The
BAC limit for all
commercial drivers in the United States0.04
is percent.
The BAC will be over0.10 percent after three to
six drinks(in one hour).Of course, as we’ve seen, it
depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks, and how
quickly the person drinks them.
BAC
But the ability to drive is affected well below
a of
0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills
of
many peopleare impaired at aBAC approaching
It’s the amountof alcohol that counts. For example,
if
0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night. All
the same persondrank three double martinis(3 ounces
drivers are impaired atBAC levels above0.05 percent.
or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the person’s
Statistics show that the chanceof being in a collision
BAC would be close to0.12 percent. A person who
increases sharply for drivers who haveBAC
a of
consumes foodjust before or during drinking will have a 0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of
somewhat lower BAC level.
0.06 percent has doubled hisor her chanceof having a
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally have collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance of
this driver having a collision is
12 times greater; ata
a lower relative percentageof body water than men.
level of 0.15 percent, the chance is25 times greater!
4-3
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The body takes aboutan hour to rid itself of the alcohol
in one drink. No amount of coffee or numberof cold
CAUTION:
showers will speed that up. “I’ll
be careful” isn’t the
right answer. What if there’san emergency, a need to
take sudden action, as when a child darts into the street? Drinking and then drivingis very dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness and
A person with evena moderate BAC might not be able
judgment can be affected by even a small amount
to react quickly enough to avoid
the collision.
of alcohol. You can have a serious or even
There’s somethingelse about drinking and driving that
fatal collision if you drive after drinking.
many people don’t know. Medical research shows that
Please don’tdrink and drive or ride
with a driver
alcohol in a person’s systemcan make crash injuries
who has been drinking. Ride home in
a cab; or if
worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cord or
you’re with a group, designate a driver who will
heart. This means that when anyone who has been
drinking -- driver or passenger-- is in a crash, that
not drink.
person’s chanceof being killed or permanently disabled
is higher than if the person had not been drinking.
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4-4
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1
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
You have three systems that make your vehicle
go where
you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering and
the accelerator. All three systems have to do their work
at the places where the tires meet the road.
Braking action involvesperception time and reaction
time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
That’s perception time. Then youhave to bring up your
foot and doit. That’s reaction time.
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Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second. But
that’s only an average.It might be less with one driver
and as long as twoor three secondsor more with
another. Age, physical condition,
alertness, coordination
So do alcohol, drugs and
and eyesight all play a part.
3/4 of a second, a vehicle
frustration. But even in
moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m).
That couldbe a lotof distance in an emergency, so
keeping enough space between your vehicle and others
is important.
And, of course, actual stoppingdistances vary greatly
with the surfaceof the road (whether it’s pavement
or
gravel); the condition of the road(wet, dry, icy); tire
tread; and the conditionof your brakes.
Sometimes, as when you’re drivingon snow or ice, it’s
easy to ask moreof those control systems than the tires
md road can provide. That means you can lose control
your vehicle.
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4-5
Avoid needless heavy braking. Somepeople drive in
spurts -- heavy acceleration followedby heavy
braking -- rather than keeping pace withtraffic. This is a
mistake. Your brakes may not have time
to cool between
hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much
faster if you
do a lotof heavy braking. If you keep pace with the
traffic and allow realistic following
distances, you will
eliminate a lotof unnecessary braking. That means
better braking and longer brakelife.
If your engine ever stops while you’re
driving, brake
normally but don’t pump your brakes.you
If do, the
pedal may get harderto push down. If your engine
stops, you will still have somepower brake assist. But
you will use it when you brake. Once
the power assist is
used up, it may take longer
to stop and thebrake pedal
will be harderto push.
4-6
Anti-Lock Brakes
Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes(ABS). ABS is an
advanced electronic braking system that will help
prevent a braking skid.
When you start your engine and begin
to drive away,
You may
your anti-lock brake system will check itself.
hear a momentary motoror clicking noise while this test
is going on, and you may even notice that your brake
pedal moves a little. Thisis normal.
ANTI LOCK
If there’s a problem with the
anti-lock brake system, this
warning light will stay on.
See “Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning Light” in
the Index.
r
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure faster
than any driver could. The computer is programmed to
make the most of available tire and road conditions.
F
4
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Here's how anti-lock works. Let's say the road is wet.
You're driving safely. Suddenlyan animal jumps out in
front of you.
?I
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ABS.
You slam on the brakes. Here's what happens with
You can steer around the obstacle while braking hard.
A computer senses that wheelsare slowing down.If one
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates
on
of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer
will
wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.
separately work the brakes ateach front wheel and at the
rear wheels.
4-7
Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t change the time you need
up to the brake pedal or always decrease
to get your foot
stopping distance.If you get too closeto the vehicle in
front of you, you won’t have time to apply your brakes
if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops. Always leave
enough roomup ahead to stop, even though you have
anti-lock brakes.
Traction Control System
Your vehicle has a traction control system that limits
wheel spin. This is especially usefulin slippery road
conditions. The system operatesonly if it senses that one
or beginning to
or both of thefront wheels are spinning
lose traction. When this happens, the system works
the
front brakes and reduces engine power
to limit wheel
spin.
Using Anti-Lock
Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down The TRACTION ACTIVE message will display on the
Driver Information Center when the traction control
and let anti-lock workfor you. You may hear the
system is limiting wheel spin.See “Driver Information
anti-lock pump or motor operate, and feel the brake
Center Messages”in the Index. You mayfeel or hear
pedal pulsate, but this is normal.
the system working, but this
is normal.
the traction
If your vehicle is in cruise control when
control system begins to limit wheel
spin, the cruise
control will automatically disengage. When road
conditions allow youto safely use it again, you may
re-engage the cruise control. (See“Cruise Control”
in the Index.)
4-8
1
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.:, . - .
<.”’.
’
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TRACTION
CONTROL
This warning light will
come on to let you knowif
there’s a problem with your
traction control system. See
“Traction Control System
Warning Light” in the
Index. When this warning
light is on, the system will
not limit wheel spin. Adjust
your driving accordingly.
The traction control system automatically comes on
whenever you start your vehicle.To limit wheel spin,
especially in slippery road conditions, you should
But you can turn the
always leave the system on.
traction control system off
if you ever need to.
(You should turnthe system off if your vehicle ever
gets stuckin sand, mud, ice or snow.See “Rocking
Your Vehicle” in the Index.)
To turn the systemoff, press
the TRAC OFF button
located insideof the glove
box.
The TRACTION OFF message will display on the
is limiting
Driver Information Center. If the system
wheel spin when youpress the button, the TRACTION
OFF message will display-- but the system won’tturn
off right away. It will wait until there’s no longer
a
current need to limitwheel spin.
You can turn the system back on at any
time by pressing
READY message
the button again. The TRACTION
should display brieflyon the Driver Information Center.
4-9
Braking in Emergencies
Use your anti-lock braking system when
you need to.
With anti-lock, you can steerand brake atthe same
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more
than even the very best braking.
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
stops orthe system is not functioning, you
can steer but
it will take much more effort.
MAGNASTEER
TM
(Concours Only)
Your vehicle may be equipped with GM MAGNASTEER,
a system that continuouslyadjusts the effort youfeel when
steering at all vehicle speeds. It provides ease when
parking yet a fm, solid feel at highwayspeeds.
4-10
Speed Sensitive Steering(SSS)
(DeVille Only)
This system variesthe amount of steering effort
proportionate to your vehicle speed. Steering is easier at
a lower speedfor maneuvering and parking ease.
As
your vehicle speed increases,the steering effort also
increases. At highway speeds, the amountof steering
effort is increasedto provide manual-like steering for
maximum control and stability.
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It’s important to take curves aatreasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned
on
the news happen on curves. Here’s why:
of us is subject to
Experienced driver or beginner, each
the same lawsof physics when drivingon curves. The
traction of the tires against the road surface makes it
possible for the vehicle
to change its path when you
turn
the front wheels.If there’s no traction, inertia will keep
the vehicle goingin the same direction.If you’ve ever
tried to steera vehicle on wet ice, you’ll understand this.
The traction you canget in a curve dependson the
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle at
which the curveis banked and your speed. While you’re
in a curve, speedis the one factor you can control.
Try to adjust your speedso you can “drive” through the
Suppose you’re steering througha sharp curve. Then
you suddenly accelerate.Both control systems -- steering
tires
and acceleration-- have to do their work where the
meet the road. Unless your traction control system is on,
of
adding the sudden acceleration can demand too much
those places. You can lose control.
Steering in Emergencies
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed.Wait to
accelerate untilyou are out of the curve, and then
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
CI
up on the
What should youdo if this ever happens? Ease
want it
accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you
to go, and slow down.
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There aretimes when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come over
a hill and
find a truck stoppedin your lane, ora car suddenly pulls
out from nowhere, or
a child darts out from between
in front of you. You can
parked cars and stops right
avoid these problems by braking-- if you can stopin
time. But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t room. That’s
the time for evasive action-- steering around the
problem.
Speed limit signs near
curves warn that you should
adjust your speed.Of course, the posted speeds are
Your Cadillac can perform very well in emergencies like
based on good weather and road conditions. Under less these. First apply your brakes. (See “Braking
in
favorable conditions you’ll want go
to slower.
Emergencies’’ earlierin this section.) It is better to
from a possible
remove as much speed as you can
If you need to reduce your speed as
you approach a
curve, doit before you enter the curve, while your front collision. Then steer around the problem, to the left or
right depending on the space available.
wheels are straight ahead.
4-11
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Off-Road Recovery
You may find sometime that yourright wheels have
dropped off the edge of a road onto the shoulder while
you’re driving.
OFF-ROAD RECOVE
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision.If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended9 and 3 o’clock positions, you can
turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But you have to act
fast, steer quickly
and
just as quickly straighten the wheel onceyou have
avoided the object.
edge of paved surtsCe
If the levelof the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Easeo f fthe
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way, steer
The fact that such emergency situations are always
so that your vehicle straddles the edge
of the pavement.
possible is a good reasonto practice defensive driving at You can turn the steering wheelup to one-quarterturn
all times and wear safety belts properly.
until the’right front tire contacts the pavement edge. Then
turn your steering wheel togo straight down the roadway.
4-12
Passing
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits forjust the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then goes
back into the right lane again.A simple maneuver?
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Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds.
A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustrationor anger can
suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents-- the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
“Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides and to
crossroads for situations that might affect your passing
patterns. If you have any doubt whatsoever about
making a successful pass, wait for a better time.
Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and lines.
If you can see a sign up ahead that might indicate
a
turn or an intersection, delay yourpass. A broken
all right to pass
center line usually indicates it’s
(providing the road aheadis clear). Never crossa solid
line on your side of the lane aordouble solid line,
even if the road seems emptyof approaching traffic.
Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to pass
while you’re awaitingan opportunity. For one thing,
following too closely reduces your areaof vision,
especially if you’re following a larger vehicle. Also,
you won’t have adequate spaceif the vehicle ahead
suddenly slows or stops. Keepback a reasonable
distance.
When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right
lane and don’t
get too close. Time your moveso you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move into the
other lane.If the way is clear to pass, you will have a
“running start’’ that more than makes
up for the
distance you would loseby dropping back. And if
something happensto cause you to cancel your pass,
you needonly slow down and drop back again and
wait for another opportunity.
If other cars are lined upto pass a slow vehicle, wait
your turn. But takecare that someone isn’t trying to
pass you as you pull out to pass the slow vehicle.
Remember to glance over your shoulder and check
the blind spot.
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Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder and
start your left lane change signal before moving out
of the right laneto pass. When youare far enough
ahead of the passed vehicle tosee its front in your
inside mirror, activate your
right lane change signal
and move back into the right lane. (Remember that
your right outside mirroris convex. The vehicleyou
just passed may seemto be farther away from you
than it really is.)
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose controlof the vehicle.
by taking reasonable
Defensive drivers avoid most skids
care suited to existing conditions, and by not “overdriving”
those conditions. But skids are always possible.
The three typesof skids correspond to your Cadillac’s
three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels
aren’t rolling.In the steering or cornering skid, too
much speed or steering ina curve causes tires to slip and
0 T
ry not to pass more than one vehicle aattime on
two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the next lose comering force.And in the acceleration skid, too
much throttle causes the driving wheels
to spin.
vehicle.
off
a Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly. A cornering skid is best handled by easing your foot
the accelerator pedal.
Even though thebrake lamps are not flashing,it may
be slowing downor starting to turn.
Remember: Any traction control system helps avoid
only the acceleration skid.
a If you’re being passed, make
it easy for the
following driverto get ahead ofyou. Perhaps you
If your traction control system isoff, then an
can ease a little to the right.
acceleration skid is also best handled by easing your
foot off the accelerator pedal.
Loss of Control
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your
foot off the
Let’s review whatdriving experts say about
what
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want the
happens when the threecontrol systems (brakes, steering vehicle to go. If youstart steering quickly enough, your
and acceleration) don’t have enough friction where
the
vehicle may straighten out. Always be readyfor a
tires meet the roadto do what thedriver has asked.
second skidif it occurs.
In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep trying to steer and
constantly seek an escape routeor area of less danger.
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Of course, tractionis reduced when water, snow, ice,
Driving
gravel or other material is on the road. For safety, you’ll
to these
want to slow down and adjust your driving
conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
at Night
While driving on a surface with reduced traction,
try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration or
braking (including engine braking
by shifting to a lower
gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires to
slide. You may not realize the surfaceis slippery until
your vehicleis skidding. Learn to recognize warning
clues -- such as enough water, ice or packed snow on
-- and slow
the road to make a “mirrored surface”
down when you have any doubt.
Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (ABS) helps
avoid only the braking skid.
Night driving is more dangerousthan day driving. One
reason is that some driversare likely to be impaired -- by
alcohol ordrugs, with night vision problems or by fatigue.
4-15
Here are some tips on night
driving.
0
Drive defensively.
e Don’t drink and drive.
0 Since you can’t seeas well, you may need to slow
down and keep morespace between you and other
vehicles.
0 Slow down, especially
on higher speed roads.Your
headlamps can light up onlyso much road ahead.
0 In remote areas, watchfor animals.
a If you’re tired, pull offthe road.in a safe place and
rest.
Night Vision
No one can see aswell at nightas in the daytime. But as
we get older these differences increase.
A 50-year-old
driver may require at leasttwice as much light to see the
same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
What you do in the daytimecan also affect y6lE night
vision. For example,if you spend the day in bright
sunshine youare wise to wear sunglasses.Your eyes
will have less trouble adjustingto night. But if you’re
driving, don’t wear sunglasses at night. They may cut
down on glare from headlamps, butthey also make a
lot of things invisible.
4-16
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can takea second or two, or even several
seconds, for your eyes to readjust to the dark. When you
a driver who
are faced with severe glare (as from
doesn’t lower the high beams, or a vehicle with
misaimed headlamps), slow downa little. Avoid staring
directly into the approaching headlamps.
Keep your windshield andall the glass on your vehicle
clean -- inside and out. Glare at night
is made much
of the glass
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside
can build up a film caused by dust.
Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupilsof your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlamps light far
up less of a
roadway when you are in a turn
or curve. Keepyour
eyes moving; that way, it’s easier to pick
out dimly
lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim,
so should your eyes
be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from night
blindness -- the inabilityto see in dim light-- and
aren’t even aware ofit.
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
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Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On
a wet
road, you can’t stop, accelerate or
turn as well because
your tire-to-road traction isn’t
as good as on dry roads.
And, if your tires don’t have much tread left, you’ll get
even less traction. It’s always wisegotoslower andbe
cautious if rain starts to fall
while you are driving.The
surface may get wet suddenly when your reflexes
are
tuned for driving on dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if you
windshield wiper blades arein good shape, a heavy rain
can make it harder to see road signs and traffic signals,
pavement markings, the edgeof the road and even
people walking.
It’s wise to keep your wiping equipment in good shape
tank filled. Replace
and keep your windshield washer
your windshield wiper inserts when they show signs of
or when
streaking or missing areas on the windshield,
strips of rubber start to separate from the inserts.
4-17
A CAUTION:
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They
won’t work
well in a quick stop and may cause pullingto one
side. You could lose controlof the vehicle.
After driving througha large puddleof water or
a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly until
your brakes work normally.
Driving too fast throughlarge water puddlesor even
going through some car washes can cause problems, too.
The water mayaffect your brakes. Try to avoid puddles.
But if you can’t, try to slowdown before you hit them.
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Hydroplaning
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
Hydroplaning is dangerous.So much water can buildup
under your tires that they can actually ride
on the water.
This can happenif the roadis wet enough and you’re
going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning,
it has little or no contact with the road.
NOTICE:
If you drive too quickly through deep puddles
or
standing water, water can come in through your
engine’s air intake and badly damage your
engine. Never drive through water that
is slightly
lower than the underbodyof your vehicle.If you
can’t avoiddeep puddles or standingwater, drive
through them very slowly.
But it can if your
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often.
tires haven’t much tread or
if the pressure in one or
more islow. It can happen ifa lotof water is standing on
the road. If you can see reflections from trees, telephone
poles or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the
be hydroplaning.
water’s surface, there could
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There
just isn’t a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning. The
best advice is to slow down when
it
is raining.
Some Other Rainy WeatherTips
0
Turn on your low-beam headlamps-- not just your
parking lamps-- to help make you more, visible to
others.
0
Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especiallycarehl when you pass
another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room
ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted
by road spray.
Have good tires with proper tread depth. (See
“Tires” in the Index.)
4-19
City Driving
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
Know the best way to get to where you are going.
Get a city map and plan your trip into an unknown
part of the city just as you would
for a cross-country
trip.
Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross most
large cities. You’ll save time and energy.(See the
next part, “Freeway Driving.”)
Treat a green light as a warning signal. A trd3c light
is there because the comer is busy enough to need it.
When a light turns green, and justbefore you start
to move, checkboth ways for vehicles that have not
cleared the intersection or may be running the red light.
One of the biggest problems with city streets
is the
amount of trafficon them. You’ll want to watchout for
what the otherdrivers are doing and pay attention to
traffic signals.
4-20
Freeway Driving
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At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads
the to
freeway. If you have a clear view of the freewayYOU
as
drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin
to
check traffic.Try to determine where you expect to
blend with the flow. Try to merge into thegap at close to
turn signal, check
the prevailing speed. Switch on your
your mirrors and glance over your shoulder as often as
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the trafficflow.
Once you areon the freeway, adjust your speed to the
posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it’s slower. Stay
you want to pass.
in the right lane unless
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
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Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over you
shoulder to make sure there isn’t another vehicle in yo
“blind” spot.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to move
Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways, slightly slowerat night.
expressways, turnpikesor superhighways) are the safest
When you want to leavethe freeway, moveto the proper
of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
lane well in advance.If you miss your exit,
do not,
The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep under any circumstances, stopand back up. Drive onto
up with traffic and keep to the right. Drivetheatsame
the next exit.
speed mostof the other drivers are driving. Too-fast
or
too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat the. The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply
left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.
The exit speed is usually posted.
Here are some things you can check before
a trip:
Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not
to your sense of motion. After driving for any
distance
at higher speeds, you may tend think
to you are going
slower thanyou actually are.
0
Before Leavingon a Long Trip
Make sure you’re ready.Try to be well rested. If you
-- such as aftera day’s
must start when you’re not fresh
work -- don’t plan to make too
many miles that firstpart
of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing and
shoes you
can easily drive in.
Windshield Washer Fluid:Is the reservoir full? Are
all windows clean inside and outside?
a Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
a Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
all levels?
a Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
0
Tires: They are vitally important toa safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving?Are the tires all inflatedto the
recommended pressure?
Is your vehicle ready for
a long trip? If you keep it
a Weather Forecasts: What’s the weather outlook
serviced and maintained, it’s ready
to go. If it needs
along your route? Should you delay your atrip
short
service, have it done before starting out. Of course,
time to avoid a major storm system?
you’ll find experienced and able service expertsin
Cadillac dealerships all across North America. They’ll 0 Maps: D o you have up-to-date maps?
be ready and willing to help if you need
it.
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Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Is there actually such a condition as “highway
hypnosis”? Oris it just plain falling asleep at the wheel?
of awareness or whatever.
Call it highway hypnosis, lack
There is something about an easy stretch
of road with
the hum of the tires on the
the same scenery, along with
road, the droneof the engine andthe rush of ,thewind
against the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Don’t let it
happen to you!If it does, your vehicle can leave the
road in less than a second, and you could crash and be
injured.
be
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First,
aware that it can happen.
Then here are some tips:
Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and to
Driving on steep hillsor mountains is different from
the sides. Check your rearview
mirrors and your
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
instruments frequently.
If you get sleepy, pulloff the road into a rest, service
or
or parking area and take a nap, get some exercise
both. For safety, treat drowsiness on the highway as
an emergency.
4-23
If you drive regularly in steep country,
or if you’re
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable.
Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
levels andalso the brakes, tires, cooling system and
transaxle. These parts can work hard on mountain
roads.
0
Coasting downhill inNEUTRAL (N) or with the
ignition off is dangerous, Your brakes will have to
do all the workof slowing down,They could getso
hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would then
have poor brakingor even none going downa hill.
You could crash, Always have your engine
running
go downhill.
and your vehicle in gear when you
Know how togo down hills. The most important
do some of the
thing toknow is this: let your engine
slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when go
you
down a steep or long hill.
I /I\
CAUTION:
If you don’t shift down, your brakes couldget so
hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would then
have poor brakingor even none going downa
hill. You could crash. Shiftdown to let your
engine assist your brakes on
a steep downhill
slope.
A 3 A
A CAUTION:
e Know how to go uphill. You may wantto shift down
to a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your engine
and transaxie, and you can climb the
hill better.
0
Stay in your own lane when driving
on two-lane
roads in hillsor mountains. Don’t swing wide or cut
across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let
you stay in your own lane.
0
As you go over the topof a hill, be alert. There could
be
something in your lane, like a stalled
car or an accident.
0
You may see highway signs onmountains that warn of
special problems. Examples are long grades, passing or
no-passing zones, a falling rocks area orwinding
roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate action.
Winter Driving
Here are some tipsfor winter driving:
Have your Cadillac in good shape for winter.
You may want to put winter emergency supplies in
your trunk.
Include an ice scraper,a small brushor broom, a supply
of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer
clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red cloth aand
couple of reflective warning triangles.And, if you will
be driving under severe conditions, include a small ba
of sand, a pieceof old carpet or a couple
of burlap bags
you properly secure
to help provide traction. Be sure
these itemsin your vehicle.
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your
tires meetthe
road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice betweenyour tires and
the road, you can havea very slippery situation.
You’ll
have a lot less traction or “grip” and will to
need
be very
careful.
I
What’s the worst time for this? “Wet ice.” Very cold
to drive on. But wet
snow or ice can be slick and hard
it offer the
ice canbe even more trouble because may
least tractionof all. You can get wetice when it’s about
fall.
freezing (32O F ; 0 O C) and freezing rain begins to
Try to avoid drivingon wet ice until salt and sand crews
can get there.
Whatever the condition-- smooth ice, packed, blowing
orloosesnow -- drive with caution.
Keep your traction control system on.It improves your
ability to accelerate when driving on
a slippery road. Even
though your vehicle hasa traction control system, you’ll
want to slow down and adjust your driving to the road
conditions. See “Traction Control System”in the Index.
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Your anti-lock brakes improve your vehicle’sstability
when you makea hard stop on a slippery road. Even
though you havethe anti-lock braking system, you’ll
want to begin stopping sooner than you would
on dry
pavement. See “Anti-Lock”in the Index.
0
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
Allow greater following distance on any slippery
road.
Watch for slippery spots. The road might befine
with ice. On an
until you hit a spot that’s covered
otherwise clear road, ice patches
may appear in
shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around
clumps of trees, behind buildingsor under bridges.
Sometimes the surfaceof a curve or an overpass may
remain icy whenthe surrounding roads are clear.If
you see a patch of ice aheadof you, brake beforeyou
are on it.Try not to brake while you’re actuallyon
the ice, and avoid sudden steering maneuvers.
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be ain
serious situation.You should probably stay with your
vehicle unlessyou know for sure that youare near help
and you can hike through the snow. Here are some
things todo to summon help and keep yourself and you
passengers safe:
Turn on your hazard flashers.
Tie a red clothto your vehicle to alert police that
you’ve been stopped by the snow.
Put on extra clothingor wrap a blanket around you.
or extra clothing,make body
If you have no blankets
insulators from newspapers, burlapbags, rags, floor
mats -- anything you can wrap around yourself or
tuck underyour clothing to keep warm.
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.
4-28
A CAUTION:
Snow can trapexhaust gases under your vehicle.
This can cause deadly CO (carbon monoxide) gas
to get inside. CO could overcome you and kill
you. You can’t see it or smell it, so you might not
know it is in your vehicle. Clear awaysnow from
around thebase of your vehicle, especiallyany
that is blockingyour exhaustpipe. And check
around again from time totime to be suresnow
doesn’t collect there.
Open a window just a little on the side of the
vehicle that’s away from thewind. This will help
keep CO out.
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Run your engine onlyas long as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little faster
than just idle. Thatis, push the accelerator slightly. This
uses less fuelfor the heat that you get andit keeps the
battery charged.You will need a well-charged battery to
for signaling lateron
restart the vehicle, and possibly
with your headlamps. Let the heater run
for awhile.
Then, shut the engine
off and close the window almost
all the wayto preserve the heat. Start the engine again
and repeat this only when you feel really uncomfortable
from the cold. Butdo it as little as possible. Preserve the
fuel as long asyou can. To help keep warm,you can get
out of the vehicle anddo some fairly vigorous exercises
every half houror so until help comes.
Loading Your Vehicle
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TIRE-LOADING INFORMATION
OCCUPANTS
VEHICLE CAP. WT.
FRT. CTR. RR.
TOTAL LBS.
KG
MAX. LOADING & GVWR SAME AS VEHICLE
CAPACITY WEIGHT
XXX
COLD TIRE
TIRE SIZE
SPEED
PRESSURE
RTG
PSI/KPa
FRT.
RR.
SPA.
IF TIRES ARE HOT, ADD 4PSiI28KPa
SEE OWNER'S MANUAL FOR ADDITIONAL
INFORMATION
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Two labels on your vehicle show how much weight it
may properly carry.The Tire-Loading Information label
found on thedriver's door tellsyou the proper size,
speed rating and recommended inflation pressures for
the tires on your vehicle.It also givesyou important
information about the numberof people thatcan be in
you can carry.
your vehicle and the total weight that
This weight is called the Vehicle Capacity Weight and
includes the weight of all occupants, cargo and all
options not installed in the factory.
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MFD BY GENERAL MOTORS CORP
DATE GVWR GAWR FRT GAWR RR
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE U S . FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICLE
SAFETY, BUMPER, AND THEFT PREVENTION
STANDARDS IN EFFECT ON THE DATE OF
MANUFACTURE SHOWN ABOVE.
The other label is the Certification label, found on the
rear edgeof the driver’s door. It tells you the gross
weight capacity of your vehicle,called theGVWR
(Gross Vehicle Weight Rating).The GVWR includes the
weight ofthe vehicle, all occupants, fueland cargo.
Never exceed the GVWRfor your vehicle or the Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR)for either the front
or rear
axle.
If you do have a heavy load, you should spread it out.
Don’t carrv more than 203 lbs. (92 kg) in the trunk.
4-30
I‘ACAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
GVWR, or either themaximum front orrear
GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle can
way your vehicle
break, or it can change the
handles. These could cause you to lose control.
Also, overloading can shorten thelife of your
vehicle.
I NOTICE:
Your warranty does not cover parts or
components that faiI becauseof overloading.
If you put things inside your vehicle
-- like suitcases,
tools, packages or anything else-- they will go as fast as
the vehicle goes.If you have to stopor turn quickly,or
if there is acrash, they’I1 keep going.
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A CAUTION:
Things you put inside your vehicle can strike and
injure people in a sudden stopor turn, orin a
crash.
Put thingsin the trunk of your vehicle. In a
trunk, put them as far forward as you can.
Wy to spread the
weight evenly.
Never stack heavier things,like suitcases,
inside the vehicle so that some of them are
above the tops of the seats.
Don’t leave an unsecured child restraintin
your vehicle.
When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure itwhenever you can.
Towing a Trailer
L
A CAUTION:
I
If you don’t use the correct equipment and drive
properly, you can lose control when you pull a
trailer. For example, if the trailer is too heavy,the
brakes may not work well or even at all. You
and yourpassengers could beseriously injured.
Pull a traileronly if you have followedall the
steps in this section. Ask your Cadillac dealerfor
advice and informationabout towing a trailer
with your vehicle.
--
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NOTICE:
I
Pulling a trailer improperlycar! damage your
vehicle and result in costly repairs not .covered by
your warranty. To pull a trailer correctly, follow
the advice in this part, andsee your Cadillac
dealer for important information
about towing a
trailer with your vehicle.
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Your vehicle can towa trailerif it is equipped with
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
proper towing equipment.To identify what the vehicle
If you do, here are some important points.
trailering capacityis for your vehicle, you should read
0 There are many different laws, including speed limit
the informationin “Weight of the Trailer” that appears
restrictions, havingto do with trailering. Make sure
than just
later in this section. But trailering is different
your rig will be legal, not only where you live but
driving your vehicle by itself. Trailering means changes
also where you’ll be driving.A good source for this
in handling, durability andfuel economy. Successful,
information can be state or provincial police.
safe trailering takes correct equipment, and it has to be
used properly.
0 Consider using a sway control
if your trailer will
weigh 2,000 lbs. (900 kg) or less. You should always
That’s the reasonfor this part. In
it are many
use a sway controlif your trailer will weigh more
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety rules.
than 2,000 lbs. (900 kg). You can ask a hitch dealer
Many of these are important for your safety and that of
about sway controls.
your passengers. So please read this section carefully
before you pulla trailer.
e Don’t tow a trailer at all during first
the 1O
, OO miles
(1 600 km) your new vehicleis driven. Your engine,
Load-pulling components such as the engine, transaxle,
axle or other parts could be damaged.
to work harder
wheel assemblies and tires are forced
is
against the drag ofthe added weight. The engine
0 Then, during the first
500 miles (800 km)that you
required to operate at relatively higher speeds and under
tow a trailer, don’t drive over
50 mph (80 kmh)and
greater loads, generating extra heat. What’s more, the
don’t make starts at full throttle. This helps your
trailer adds considerably to wind resistance, increasing
engine and other parts
of your vehicle wearin at the
the pulling requirements.
heavier loads.
0
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Obey speed limit restrictions when towing a trailer.
Don’t drive faster than the maximum posted speed
for trailers (or no more than
55 mph (90 km/h)) to
save wear on your vehicle’s parts.
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Three important considerations have to do with weight: You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or
the trailer, the weight
of the trailer tongue and the total advice, or you can writeus at:
weight on your vehicle’s tires.
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
Weight of the Trailer
30009 Van Dyke
How heavy cana trailer safely be?
P.O. Box 9025
If you have a DeVille without the optional h-ailer towing
Warren, MI 48090-9025
package, the maximum trailer weightis 1,OOO lbs. (450 kg).
In Canada, writeto:
If you have a DeVille Concours or a DeVille with the
General Motorsof Canada Limited
optional trailer towing package, the maximum trailer
Customer Communication Centre
weight should never be more than3,900 lbs. (1 773 kg)
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
total including the load. But even that can be too heavy.
Oshawa, OntarioL1H 8P7
The optional trailer towing package. provides the
necessary oil cooler for the DeVilletow
to a trailer
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
heavier than 1,OOO lbs. (450 kg). The Concours is
The tongue load(A) of any trailer is an important
equipped with this cooler as standard equipment.
weight to measure because it affects the total capacity
be
The maximum trailer weightfor your vehicle can
weight of your vehicle. The capacity weight includes the
determined from the Gross Combined Vehicle Weight
curb weight of the vehicle, any cargo you may carry in
(GCVW). The GCVW = curb weight+ passenger’s
and the people who will be riding in the vehicle.
And if
weight + cargo + trailer weight, should never weigh more you will tow a trailer,you must subtract the tongue load
than 8,200 lbs. (3 727 kg) total loaded vehicle and trailer. from your vehicle’s capacity weight because your
vehicle will be carrying that weight, too. See “Loading
It dependson how you plan to use your rig. For
Your Vehicle” in the Index for more information about
example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
temperature and how much your vehicleis used to pull a your vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
trailer are all important. And, it can also depend on any
special equipment that you have on your vehicle,
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After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh
the trailerand
then the tongue, separately, tosee if the weights are
proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them
right
simply by moving some items around in the trailer.
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
A
B
If you’re using a “dead-weight” hitch, the trailer
tongue (A) should weigh 10% of the total loaded trailer
weight (B). If you have a “weight-distributing” hitch,
the trailer tongue(A) should weigh 12%of the total
loaded trailerweight (B).
4-34
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the
recommended .pressure for cold tires. You’ll find
these numbers on the Certification label at the rear
edge of the driver’sdoor or see “LoadingYour
Vehicle” in the Index. Then be sure you
don’t go
over theGVW limit for your vehicle, including the
weight ofthe trailer tongue.
c
Hitches
Safety Chains
It’s importantto have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going
by and rough roads area
few reasonswhy you’ll need the right hitch. Here are
some rulesto follow:
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chainsunder the tongue
of the trailer so that the tongue will not
drop to the road
if it becomes separated from the hitch. Instructions
about safety chains may
be provided by the hitch
manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer. Follow the
manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching safety
chains anddo not attach them to the bumper. Always
leave just enough slackso you canturn with your rig.
on the ground.
And, never allow safety chains to drag
0
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0
If you’ll be pulling a trailer that, when loaded, will
weigh morethan 2,000 lbs. (900 kg), be sure to use
a properly mounted, weight-distributing hitch and
sway controlof the proper size. This equipment is
very importantfor proper vehicle loading and
good
handling when you’re driving.
Trailer Brakes
Will you have to make any holes in the body
of your
vehicle when you install a trailer hitch?
If you do,
Because you have anti-lock brakes, don’ttry to tap into
then be sure to seal the holes later when
you remove
your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system. Ifyou do, both
the hitch.If you don’t seal them, deadly carbon
brake systems won’t work well, or at all.
monoxide (CO) from your exhaust can get into your
Be sure to read and followthe instructionsfor the trailer
vehicle (see “Carbon Monoxide”in the Index).Dirt
brakes so you’ll be ableto maintain them properly.
and watercan, too.
The bumpers on your vehicle are not intended
for hitches. Do not attach rental hitches or other
bumper-type hitchesto them. Use’onlya
frame-mounted hitch that does not attach to
the bumper.
4-35
nailer Wiring Harness
Driving witha Trailer
If your vehicle is equipped with the 3,000-lb.
(1 360 kg) trailer towing package option, you will have
trim.The
a wiring harness located under the trunk
harness is a five wire, with connector.
These trailer wiring harness color codes should be
followed when connectingit to your trailer:
WHITE: Direct trailer groundfor trailer lamps.
BROWN: Parkinglamps.
YELLOW: Left turn and stoplamps.
GREEN: Right turn and stoplamps.
BLUE: Auxiliarycircuit.
Towing a trailer requiresa certain amount of expenence.
Before setting outfor the open road, you'll want to get
of
to know yourrig. Acquaint yourself with the feel
handling and braking with the added weight of the
you are
trailer. And always keep in mind that the vehicle
driving is nowa good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle isby itself.
Before you start, checkthe trailer hitch and platform
(and attachments), safety chains, electrical
connector,
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has
electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and
then apply the trailer brake controller
by hand to be sure
the brakes are working. This lets you check
your
electrical connection at the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the
load is secure, and that the
lamps and any trailerbrakes
are still working.
4-36
Following Distance
c
Stay at least twice as
far behind the vehicle ahead as you
would when driving your vehicle withouta trailer. This
can helpyou avoid situations that require heavy braking
and sudden turns.
Passing
c
Y
You’ll need more passing distance
up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re
a good deal
longer, you’ll needto go much farther beyond the
passed vehicle before youcan return to your lane.
Backing Up
c)
c)
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel withone hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the just
left, move that hand
to the left.To move the trailer to the
right, move your
up slowly and,if
hand to the right. Always back
possible, have someone guide you.
Making Thms
NOTICE:
Making very sharp turns while trailering could
cause the trailerto come in contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle couldbe damaged. Avoid
making verysharp turns while trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make widerturns than
normal. Do this so your trailer won’tstrike soft shoulders,
curbs, road signs, treesor other objects. Avoid jerkyor
sudden maneuvers. Signal well in advance.
lhrn Signals When Towinga nailer
Driving On Grades
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle may need a
different turn signal flasher and extra wiring. Check
arrows on your
with your Cadillac dealer. The green
instrument panel will flash whenever
you signal a turn
or lane change. Properly hooked up, the trailer lamps
to
will also flash, telling other drivers you’re aboutturn,
change lanes or stop.
Reduce speed andshift to a lower gear
before you start
I€ you don’t shift
down a long or steep downgrade.
brakes so much that
down, you might have to use your
they would get hot and no longer work well.
On a long uphill grade,shift down and reduce your
or less to reduce the
speed to around45 mph (70 b/h)
possibility of engine and transaxle overheating.
When towing a trailer, the green arrows on your
instrument panel will flash for turns even
if the bulbs on If your vehicle weighs morethan 1,OOO lbs. (450 kg),
you may want todrive inTHIRD (3) instead of
the trailerare burned out. Thus, you may
think drivers
behind you are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s OVERDRIVE (@).
important to check occasionally to be sure the trailer
bulbs are still working.
4-38
f
r
r
r
r
When You Are-Readyto Leave After
You really should not park your vehicle, with a trailer Parking on a Hill
Parking on Hills
If something goes wrong, your rig
attached, on a hill.
could startto move. People canbe injured, andboth
your vehicle and the trailer can
be damaged.
But if you ever have to park your
rig on a hill, here’s
how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but do not shift into
PARK (P).
2.
3.
4.
i .
f
5.
1. Apply your regular brakesand hold the pedal down
while you:
Start your engine;
Shift into a gear; and
Be sure the parking brake has released.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
Have someone place chocks under the trailer wheels. 3. Drive slowly until the traileris clear of the chocks.
When the wheel chocks are
in place, release the
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks.
regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load.
Reapply the regular brakes. Then shift into
PARK (P) firmly and apply your parking brakes.
Release the regular brakes.
4-39
Maintenance When TrailerTowing
Your vehicle will need service moreoften when you’re
pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance Schedule
for more
on this. Things that are especially important in trailer
operation are automatic transaxle fluid (don’t overfill),
engine oil, belt, cooling system and brake adjustment.
Each of these is covered in this manual, and the Index
If you’re trailering, it’s
will help you find them quickly.
a good idea to review thesesections beforeyou start
your trip.
Check periodicallyto see that all hitch nuts and bolts
are tight.
- 4
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NOTES
4-41
NOTES
4-42
U
Section 5 Problems on the Road
c
Here you'll find what to
do about some problems that
can occur on the road.
Hazard Warning Flashers
r-
.. .
, , .:..
Your hazard warning flashers letyou warn others. They
also let policeknow you have a problem. Your front and
rear turn signal lamps will flashon and off.
:.
w
Press the button into make the front and rear turn signal
lamps flash on and off.
5-1
A
This light on the instrument
panel will flash indicating
that the hazard warning
flashers are on.
The hazard warning flashers will work once the button
is pressed in regardress of the key position.
Pull out on thecollar to turn the flashersoff. When the
hazard warning flashersare on, theturn signals won't
work since theyare already flashing.
5-2
Other Warning Devices
If you carry reflective triangles,you can set one up at
the side of the road about300 feet (100 m) behind your
vehicle.
Jump Starting
c
If your battery has run down, you may want to use
another vehicle and some
jumper cables to start your
Cadillac. Please follow the steps below to do it safely.
P
A CAUTION:
Batteries can hurt you. They can be dangerous
because:
They contain acid that can burn you.
They contain gas that can explode or ignite.
They contain enough electricityto burn you.
If you don’t follow these stepsexactly, someor all
of these things can hurt you.
NOTICE:
e
Ignoring these stepscould result in costly damage
to yourvehicle that wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty.
Trying to start your Cadillacby pushing or
pulling it won’t work and itcould damage your
vehicle.
1. Check the other vehicle. Itmust have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
I NOTICE:
I
If the othersystem isn’ta 12-volt system with a
negative ground, both vehicles can bedamaged.
5-3
2. Get the vehicles close enoughso the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles aren’t touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you don’t want.You wouldn’t be able to
start your Cadillac and the bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette
lighter. Turn off all lamps that aren’t needed as well
sparks and help save both
as radios. This will avoid
batteries. In addition,it could save your radio!
1
I
4. Open the hoods and locate the batteries. Find the
positive (+) and negative (-) terminals on each
battery.
A CAUTION:
An electric fan can start up even when the engine
is not running and can injure
you. Keep hands,
clothing and tools away from any underhood
electric fan.
L
A
i. Start by removing the red positive(+) terminal
cover.
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A CAUTION:
LC.
Using a match near a battery can cause battery
gas toexplode. People have been hurt doing this,
and some have been blinded. Use a flashlight if
you need more light.
Be sure the battery
has enoughwater. You don’t
need to add water to the
Delco Freedom@ battery
installed inevery new GM vehicle. But if a
battery has filler caps, be sure the right amount
of fluid is there. If it islow, add water to take care
of that first. If you don’t, explosive gas could be
present.
Battery fluid contains acid
that can burnyou.
Don’t get it on you. If you accidentally get it in
your eyes or on your skin, flushthe place with
water and get medical help immediately.
6. Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose
or
missing insulation. If they do, you could get ashock.
The vehicles couldalso be damaged.
Before you connect the cables, here aresome things
you should know. Positive (+) will go to positive (+)
and negative will go to negative (-) or a metal
engine part. Don’t connect positive(+) to negative (-)
or you’ll get ashort that would damage the battery and
maybe other parts, too.
(0)
A CAUTION:
-
-
-~
Fans or other moving engineparts can injure you
badly. Keep your handsaway from moving parts
once the engines are running.
5-5
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8. Don't let the other end
of the positive cable
touch metal. Connect
it to the positive(+)
terminal of the good
battery.
7. Connect the red positive(+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the vehicle with the dead battery.
9. Now connecttheblack
negative (-) cable to
the good battery's
negative (-) terminal.
c
Don’t let the other end
of the negative(-) cable touch
the
anything until the next step. The other of
end
negative (-) cable doesn’t go to the dead battery.It
part on the engineof
goes to a heavy unpainted metal
the vehicle with the dead battery.
IT;
13. Remove the cables in reverse orderto prevent
electrical shorting. Takecare that they don’t touch
each otheror any other metal.
10. Attach the cable at least
18 inches (45 cm) away
from the dead battery,
parts
but not near engine
that move. The electrical
connection is just as
good there, but the
chance of sparks getting
back to the batteryis
much less.
e
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P
h
11. Now start the vehicle with the good battery
and run
the engine for awhile.
12. Try to start the vehicle with the dead battery. If it
won’t start aftera few tries, it probably needs
service.
A. Heavy Metal EnginePart
B. Good Battery
C . Dead Battery
Towing Your Vehicle
Try to have a Cadillac dealeror a professional towing
service tow your DeVille. See “Roadside Assistance”in
the Index.
If your vehiclehas been changed or modified since
it
was factory-new by adding aftermarket items likefog
lamps, aero skirting or special tiresand wheels, these
instructions may not be correct.
Before you do anything, turn on the hazara warning
flashers.
When you call, tellthe towing service:
That your vehicle has front-wheel drive.
The make, model and year of your vehicle.
Whether you can still move the shift lever.
If there was an accident, what was damaged.
When the towing service arrives, let the tow operator
and
know that this manual contains towing instructions
illustrations. The operator may want to see
them.
5-8
-
Front Towing
A CAUTION:
To help avoid injury toyou or others:
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Rear Towing
Never let passengers ride in a vehicle that is
being towed.
Never tow faster thansafe or posted speeds.
Never tow withdamaged parts not fully
secured.
Never get under yourvehicle after it has
been Iifted bythe tow truck.
Always secure thevehicle on each side with
separate safety chains when towingit.
Never use J-hooks. Use only
T-hooks in the
front T-hook slots andonly R-hooks in the
rear R-hook slots.
L
5-9
A CAUTION:
A vehicle can fall from a car carrier if it isn’t
adequately secured. This can cause a collision,
serious personal injury andvehicle damage.The
vehicle should betightly secured with chains or
steel cables before it is transported.
Don’t use substitutes (ropes, leather straps,
canvas webbing, etc.) that canbe cut by sharp
edges underneath thetowed vehicle. Always use
T-hooks inserted in the frontT-hook slots or
R-hooks inserted in the rear R-hook slots. Never
use J-hooks. They willdamage drivetrain and
suspension components.
When your vehicleis being towed,have the ignition key
turned to the OFF position. The steering wheel should
be clamped in a straight-ahead position,with a clamping
1
device designedfor towing service.Do not use the
The transaxle
vehicle’s steering column lock for this.
should be in NEUTRAL (N) and the parking brake
released.
Don’t haveyour vehicle towed on the drive wheels
unless you must. If the vehicle must be towed on the
drive wheels,be sure to follow the speed and distance
restrictions later in this section or your transaxle will be
damaged. If these limitations mustbe exceeded, then the
drive wheels have to be supported on a dolly.
7
Front Towing
NOTICE:
Tow Limits -- 35 mph (56 kph), 25 miles (40 km)
.. .
.
Do not tow with sling type equipment
or
..
~
fascidfog lamp damagewill occur. Use wheel-lift
or car carrierequipment. Additional ramping
may be required for car carrier equipment.
Use
safety chainsand wheel straps,
Towing a vehicle over rough surfacescould
damage a vehicle. Damage can occur fromvehicle
to ground orvehicle to wheel-lift equipment. To
help avoid damage, installa towing dollyand
raise thevehicle until adequate clearanceis
obtained between the ground and/orwheel-lift
equipment,
Do not attachwinch cables or J-hooks to
suspension componentswhen using car carrier
equipment. Always use T-hooksinserted in the
T-hook slots.
I
5-11
Attach T-hook chains on both sides, in the slotted holes
in the bottomof the frame rails, behind the front
wheels.
These slots are to be used when loading and securing to
car carrierequipment.
5-12
x^
Attach a separate safety chain around the
outboard end
of each lower controlarm.
f
..._
Rear Towing
NOTICE:
Tow Limits -- 35 mph (56 kph), 25 miles (40 km)
4-
i-
v!
~
Do not tow with slingtype equipment or rear
bumper valance damage will occur. Use wheel-lift
or car carrierequipment. Additional ramping
may be required for car carrierequipment. Use
safety chains and wheel straps.
Towing a vehicle overrough surfaces could
damage a vehicle. Damage can occur from vehicle
to ground or vehicle to wheel-lift equipment. To
help avoid damage,install a towing dolly and
raise the vehicle until adequate clearanceis
obtained between the ground and/orwheel-lift
equipment.
Do not attach winch cables or J-hooks to
suspension components when using car carrier
equipment. Always useR-hooks inserted in the
R-hook Slots.
I
'
5-13
Attach R-hook chains to the R-hook slots in the frame
rails justahead of the rear wheels on both sides.
These slots are to be used whenloading and securing to
car carrier equipment.
5-14
around the end of each
Attach a separate safety chain
axle inboard of the spring.
Engine Overheating
You will find an ENGINE COOLANT HOT-IDLE
ENGINE messageor a STOP ENGINE ENGINE
OVERHEATED message on the DIC. Thereis also an
engine temperature warning lighton the instrument
panel. See “Engine Temperature Warning Light” in the
Index.
Overheated Engine Protection Operating
Mode
Y
P
Should a low coolant condition exist and the message
STOP ENGINEENGINE OVERHEATED is displayed,
an overheat protection mode which alternates firing
groups of four cylinders helps prevent engine damage.
This operating modeallows your vehicle tobe driven
an emergency; you may driveup to
to a safe place in
50 miles (80 km). Towing a trailer in the overheat
protection mode should be avoided.
I NOTICE:
~
After driving in the Overheated Engine
Protection Operating Mode,to avoid engine
damage, allow the engine
to cool before
attempting any repair.The engine oil may be
severely degraded. Change theoil and resetthe
oil life indicator. See “Engine Oil, When to
Change” in the Index.
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
A CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can burnyou
badly, evenif you just open the hood. Stay away
from the engine if you see or hear steam coming
from it. Just turn it off and get everyone away
from the vehicle until it cools down. Wait until
there is no sign of steam or coolant before
opening the hood.
If you keep drivingwhen your engineis
overheated, the liquidsin it can catchfire. You
or otherscould be badlyburned. Stop your
engine if it overheats, and get out of the vehicle
until theengine iscool.
NOTICE:
If your engine catches fire because you keep
driving with no coolant,your vehicle can be
badly damaged. The costly repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. See “Overheated
Engine Protection Operating Mode” in the Index.
5-16
If No Steam Is Coming FromYour Engine
If you get the overheat warning but see or hear
no
steam, the problem may notbe too serious. Sometimes
the engine canget a little too hot
when you:
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high-speed driving.
0
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer.
If you get the overheat warning with no sign
of steam,
try this fora minute or so:
1. Turn off your air conditioner.
2. Dial temperature control to the highest heat setting
and open the window, as necessary.
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c
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you
can
drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about
10 minutes,
If the warning doesn’t come back on, you can
drive
nonnally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop
and park your
vehicle right away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, you can idleengine
the
for twoor three minutes while you’re parked,
to see if
the warning stops.But then, if you still have the
warning, turn off the engine andget everyone out of the
vehicle until it cools down. Also, see “Overheated
Engine Protection Operating Mode” listed previously in
this section.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to&mice
get
help right away.
3. If you’re in a trafficjam, shift toNEUTRAL (N);
otherwise, shift to the highest gear while
or THIRD(3).
driving -- OVERDRIVE (a)
5-17
A CAUTION:
\
"'
sr""""
An electric fan under the hood
can start up even
when the engineis not running and can injure
you. Keep hands, clothingand tools away from
any underhood electric fan.
If the coolant inside the coolant surge tank is boiling,
don't do anything else untilit cools down.
When you decide it's safe 'tolift the hood, here's what
you'll see:
A. Coolant Surge Tank with Pressure Cap
B. Electric Engine Fans
5-18
A CAUTION:
7
a
Heater and radiatorhoses, and other engine
parts, canbe very hot. Don't touch them. If you
do, you can be burned.
Don't run the engineif there is a leak. If you run
the engine, it could lose all coolant. That could
cause anengine fire, and you could be burned.
Get any leak fixed before you drive thevehicle.
F
c
The coolant level should be indicated
by a CHECK
COOLANT LEVEL message on the Driver Information
Center. If it isn't, you may havea leak in the radiator
hoses, heaterhoses, radiator, water pumpor somewhere
else in the cooling system.
5-19
I NOTICE:
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant Surge
Tank
If you haven? found a problem yet, but the coolant level
isn’t atthe proper level(2.5 inches (60 mm) below the
base of the fill neck), adda 50/50 mixture of clean
water (preferably distilled) andDEX-COOL
antifreeze atthe coolant surge tank, but be sure the
cooling system, includingthe coolant surge tank
If there seems tobe no leak, withthe engine on, check to pressure cap, is cool before you do it. (See “Engine
see if the electric engine fans are running. If the engine Coolant” in the Index for more information.)
is overheating, both fans shouldbe running. If they
aren’t, your vehicle needs service.
Engine damageif you keep running your engine
without coolant isn’t covered by your warranty.
See “Overheated Engine Protection Operating
Mode” in the Index.
TM
IA
CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquidsfrom a hot cooling
system can blow out and burn you badly. They are
under pressure, and if you turn the coolantsurge
tank pressure cap even a little they can come
out at high speed. Never turn the cap when the
cooling system, includingthe coolant surge tank
pressure cap,is hot. Wait for the cooling system
and coolantsurge tank pressure cap to cool if you
ever have to turn the pressure cap.
--
5-20
--
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A CAUTION:
Adding only plain waterto your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plainwater, or some other
liquid likealcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mix will. Your vehicle'scoolant warning
system is set for the propercoolant mix. With
plain wateror thewrong mix, your engine could
get too hot but you wouldn't get the overheat
warning. Your engine could catch fire andyou or
others could be burned. Use a 50/50 mix of clean
water andDEX-COOL antifreeze.
TM
5-21
c
NOTICE:
A
In cold weather, water can freezeand crack the
engine, radiator, heater coreand otherparts. So
use the recommended coolant.
A CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts.Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and itwill burn if the engine parts arehot
enough. Don't spill coolant on a hot engine.
1. You can remove the coolant surgetank pressure
cap when the cooling system, including the coolant
surge tank pressure cap and upper radiator hose,
is no longer hot.Turn the pressurecap slowly
counterclockwise until it first stops. (Don't press
down while turning the pressure cap.)
If you hear a hiss, wait for thatto stop.A hiss means
there isstill some pressure left.
2. Then keep turning the cap, but now push down as
you turn it. Remove the pressure cap.
3. Then fill the coolant surge tank with the proper mix,
up to the base of the filler neck.
5-23
k
4. With the coolant surgetank pressure cap off, start the
you can feel the upper
engine and let it run until
radiator hose getting hot. Watch out for the engine
fans.
By this time, the coolant level inside the coolant
surge tank may be lower.If the level is lower, add
more of the proper mix to the coolant surge tank
2.5 inches (60 mm)
until the level reaches about
below the baseof the filler neck.
5. Then replace the pressure cap.Be sure the arrows on
the pressure cap line
up like this.
Start the engine and allowit to warm up. If the CHECK
COOLANT LEVELmessage does not appear on the
Driver Information Center, coolant is at the proper fill
level. If a CHECK COOLANT LEVEL message does
appear, repeat Steps 1 to3 or see your dealer.
c
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If a Tire Goes Flat
Changing a Flat Tire
It’s unusual for a tire to “blowout” while you’redriving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly.If air goes
out of a tire, it’s much more likelyto leak out slowly.
But if you should ever havea “blowout,” hereare a few
tips about what toexpect and what to do:
If a tire goesflat, avoid further tire and wheel damage
by driving slowlyto a level place. Turn on your hazard
warning flashers.
~~
A
CAUTION:
If a front tire fails, the flat tire
will create a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your
foot off the
accelerator pedal andgrip the steering wheel firmly.
Changing a tire can causean injury. The vehicle
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake to can slipoff the jack androll over you or.other
a stopwell out of the traffic lane.
people. You and they could be badly injured.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like a Find a level place to change yourtire. To help
prevent thevehicle from moving:
skid and may require the same correction you’d use in a
skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from the
1. Put the shiftlever in PARK (P).
accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control
.by
2. Set the parking brakefirmly.
steering the way you want the vehicleto go. It maybe
3. lhrn off the engine.
very bumpy and noisy, but you can
still steer. Gently
To be even more certain thevehicle won’t move,
brake to a stop -- well off the road if possible.
you can putblocks at the front and rear of the
part shows howto use your
If a tire goes flat, the next
tire farthestaway from theone being changed.
jacking equipmentto change a flat tire safely.
That would be the tire on the other
side of the
vehicle, at the oppositeend.
5-25
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
m
.
I
The following steps will
tell you how to use the jack and
change a tire.
5-26
.
The equipment you’ll needis in the trunk. Pull the
carpeting from the floorof the trunk. Turn the center
dial on the compact spare cover counterclockwise to
remove it. Lift and remove the cover.(See “Compact
Spare Tire” later in this section
for more information
about the compact spare.)
**
Turn the nut holding the jack andwheel wrench
counterclockwise and remove it. Then remove the jack
and wrench.
Lift up the tire to remove it from the trunk.
5-27
c
Removing the Wheel Cover
&‘
The tools you’ll be using include the (A)
jackand the
wheel wrench (B).
There is a center wheel cover on the aluminum wheel.
Using the flat endof the wheel wrench, gentlypry the
wheel cover off. Be careful not to scratch the aluminum
wheel edge and don’ttry to remove it with your hands.
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the
Spare Tire
A CAUTION:
Getting undera vehicle whenit is jacked up is
dangerous. If the vehicle slipsoff the jack, you
could be badly injured orkilled. Never getunder
a vehicle whenit is supported only by a jack.
NOTICE:
1. Using the wheel wrench, loosenall the wheel nuts.
Don’t remove them yet.
Raising your vehicle withthe jack improperly
positioned willdamage thevehicle or may allow
the vehicle to fall off the jack.Be sure tofit the
jack lift head into the properlocation before
raising your vehicle.
2. Turn the jack handle clockwiseto raise the jack lift
head a few inches.
5-29
4. Raise the vehicle by turning thejack handle
clockwise. Raise the vehiclefar enough off the
ground for the spare tire tofit under thevehicle.
5. Remove all wheel nuts andtake off the flat tire.
10.5 INCHES
5.8 INCHES
(270mm)
(150 mm)
3. Position the jack under the vehicle and raise the jack
lift head until itfits firmly into the notchin the
vehicle's frame nearest theflat tire.
Put the compact spare tire near
you.
dirt from the wheel
bolts, mounting
surfaces and spare
wheel.
r
r
Pt
r
r
P
I
I A CAUTION:
~
Never use oilor grease on studs or
nuts. If you
do, the nutsmight come loose. Your wheelcould
fall off, causing a serious accident.
-
A CAUTION:
Rust or dirton the wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make the wheel nuts
become looseafter a time. The wheel could come
off and cause an accident. When you change a
wheel, remove any rust or dirt from theplaces
where the wheel attaches to the vehicle. In an
emergency, you can use a cloth or a paper towel
to dothis; but be sure to use a scraper orwire
brush later, if you need to,to get all the rust or
dirt off.
~~
7. Replacethewheel
nuts with the
rounded endof the
nuts toward the
wheel. Tighten
each nutby hand
until the wheelis
held against the
hub.
5-31
9. Tighten the
wheel nutsfirmly
in a criss-cross
sequence as shown.
A CAUTION:
8. Lower the vehicleby turning thejack handle
counterclockwise. Lower the
jack completely.
5-32
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened
wheel nuts cancause the wheel to become loose
and even come off. This could lead to an accident.
Be sure to use the correctwheel nuts. If you have
to replace them, be sure toget the rightkind.
Stop somewhere as soon as you can andhave the
nuts tightenedwith a torque wrench to 100 lb-ft
(140 N-m).
NOTICE:
c
c-
Improperly tightened wheel nuts canlead to
brake pulsation and rotordamage. To avoid
expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten thewheel
nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper
torque specification.
Don’t try to put a wheelcover on your compact spare
tire. It won’tfit. Store the wheel cover in the trunk until
you have the flat tirerepaired or replaced.
P
NOTICE:
Wheel covers won’t fit on your compact spare.
If
you try to puta wheel cover on your compact
spare, you could damage thecover or the spare.
c
Storing the Flat Tire and Tools
.
..
A CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire or other
equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stopor collision, loose
equipment could strike someone. Store all these
in the proper place.
After you’ve put the compact spare tire on your vehicle
you’ll needto store the flat tirein your trunk. Use the
following procedure to secure the flat tirein the trunk.
Put the flat tire in thetrunk so the side that facesout
when it is on the vehicle is facing down. The full-size
tire will notfit down into the well. Placeit so the front is
in the well and the rear
is out of the well.
5-33
Secure the tire with the stud cap that was used
to hold
the compact sparein place. Store the cover as far
forward as possible.
Storing the Spare Tire and
Tools
I A CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tireor other equipmentin the
passenger compartmentof the vehicle could
cause injury. Ina sudden stop or collision, loose
equipment couldstrike someone. Store allthese
in the proper place.
5-34
.-
P
The compact spare is for temporary use only. Replace Compact Spare Tire
the compact spare tire with a full-size tire soon
as as you
can. See the storage instructions label to replace your Although the compact spare tirewas fully inflated when
your vehtclewas new, it can loseair after a time. Check
compact spare into your trunk properly.
the inflation pressure regularly. It should be 60 psi
(420 Wa).
After installing the compact spare on your vehicle,you
should stopas soon as possible and makesure your
spare tire iscorrectly inflated. The compact spare is
made to perform well at posted speed limits for
distances upto 3,000 miles (5 000 km), so you can
finish your trip and have your full-size tire repaired or
replaced where you want. Of course, it’s best to replace
your spare witha full-size tire as soon as
you can. Your
spare will lastlonger and be ingood shape in case you
need it again.
5-35
~~~
~
~~
~
NOTICE:
When the compactspare is installed, don’t take
your vehicle through an automatic carwash with
guide rails. The compactspare can get caught on
the rails. That can damage the tire wheel,
and
and maybe other partsof your vehicle.
Don’t use your compact spare on other vehicles.
And don’t mix your compact spare tire
or wheel with
other wheelsor tires. They won’t fit. Keep your spare
tire and its wheel together.
NOTICE:
Tire chainswon’t fit your compactspare. Using
them can damage your vehicle and can damage
the chainstoo. Don’t use tire chains onyour
compact spare.
5-36
~
~~
~~~
~
~~
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or
Snow
What you don’t wantto do when your vehicle
is stuck
is to spin your wheels too fast. The method
known as
“rocking”can help youget out when you’re stuck,but
you must use caution.
I
1
A CAUTION:
If you let your tires spinat high speed, theycan
explode, andyou or others could be injured. And,
the transaxleor other parts of the vehicle can
overheat. That couldcause an engine compartment
fire or other damage. When you’re stuck, spin the
wheels as little as possible. Don’t spin the wheels
above 35 mph (55 kdh) as shown on the
speedometer.
I
&
Rocking your vehicleto get it out:
I NOTICE:
P
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will
clear the area around yourfront wheels. You should
Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of your1
your traction control system off. (See “Traction Control
System” in the Index.) Then shift back and forth
vehicle as well as the tires. Ifyou spin the wheels 1
between REVERSE (R) and a forward gear, spinning the
too fast while shifting your transaxle back and
1 wheels as little as possible. Release the accelerator pedal
forth, you can destroy your transaxle.
while you shift, and press lightly on the accelerator
pedal when fie transaxle is in gear. If that doesn’t get
For information about using tire chains on your vehicle,you out after afew tries, you may needto be towed out.
see “Tire Chains” in the Index.
If you do need tobe towed out, see “TowingYour
Vehicle’’ in the Index.
~
5-37
NOTES
J
L 20
Section 6 Service and Appearance Care
c
Here you will findinformation about the care
of your
Cadillac. This sectionbegins with service and fuel
information, and then itshows how to check important
fluid and lubricant levels.There is also technical
information about yourvehicle, and a part devoted
to its appearance care.
Doing Your Own Service Work
If you want to do someof your own service work, you’ll
want to get the proper Cadillac service manual. It tells
than
you much more about how to service your Cadillac
this manual can.To order the proper service manual,
see
“Service and Owner Publications” in the Index.
Service
Your vehicle has anair bag system. Before attempting to
Your Cadillac dealerknows your vehicle best and wants do your own service work, see “Servicing Your Air
Bag-Equipped Cadillac” in the Index.
you to be happy with it. We hope you’ll go to your
dealer €or all your service needs. You’ll get genuine GMYou should keep a record with all parts receipts and
parts and GM-trained and supported service people.
list the mileage and the date
of any service workyou
We hope you’ll wantto keep your GM vehicle all GM.
perform. See “Maintenance Record” in the Maintenance
Genuine GM parts haveone of these marks:
Schedule booklet.
6-1
I A CAUTION:
c-
You can be injured and your vehicle could be
damaged if you try to do service work
on a
vehicle without knowing enough about it.
Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, and the proper replacement
parts and tools before you attempt any
vehicle maintenance task.
Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and
other fasteners. “English’and “metric”
fasteners can be easily confused. If you use
the wrong fasteners, parts can later break
or fall off. You could be hurt.
Fuel
Use premiurn unleaded gasoline rated at 91 octane or
higher. At a minimum, it should meet specifications ASTM
D4814 in the United States and CGSB 3.5-M93in Canada.
Improved gasoline specifications have been developed by
the American Automobile Manufacturers Association
(AAMA) for better vehicle performance and engine
protection. Gasolines meeting theAAMA specification
6-2
could provide improved driveability and emission control
system protection compared to other gasolines.
Be sure the posted octane for premium is at 91.
leastIf
91, you may geta heavy knocking
the octane is less than
noise when you drive.(In an emergency, you may be
able to usea lower octane-- as low as87 -- if heavy
91 or higher
knocking does not occur.) If you’re using
octane unleaded gasoline and you still hear heavy
knocking, your engine needs service.
If your vehicleis certified to meet California Emission
Standards (indicated on the underhood tune-up label),
it is designed to operate on fuels that meet California
specifications. If such fuels are not availablein states
adopting California emissions standards, your vehicle
will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal
specifications, but emission control system performance
may be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp on
your instrument panel mayturn on and/or your vehicle
may fail a smog-check test. If this occurs, return to your
authorized Cadillac dealer for diagnosis to determine the
cause of failure. In the event it is determined that the
cause of the condition is the type of fuels used, repairs
may not be covered by your warranty.
P
P
P
In Canada, some gasolines contain
an octane-enhancing
additive called“ T . If you use such fuels, your
emission control system performance may deteriorate
and the malfunction indicator lamp on your instrument
panel may turn on. If this happens, returnto your
authorized Cadillac dealerfor service.
Fuels in Foreign Countrics
If you plan on driving in another country outside
the
United States or Canada, the properfuel may be hard to
find. Never use leaded gasoline or any other
fuel not
recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costly repair
caused by use of improper fuel wouldn’t be covered by
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines are now required to your warranty.
contain additives that will help prevent deposits from
To check on fuel availability, askan auto club,or
forming in your engine andfuel system, allowing your
contact a major oil company that does business in the
emission control systemto function properly. Therefore,
country where you’ll be driving.
you should not have to add anything to the fuel. In
addition, gasolines containing oxygenates, such as ethers You can also write us at the following address for
and ethanol,and reformulated gasolines may be
advice. Just tell us where you’re going and give your
the air. General
available in your area to help clean
Vehicle Identification Number(VIN).
Motors recommends that you use these gasolines if they
General Motors Overseas Distribution Corporation
comply withthe specifications described earlier.
North American Export Sales(NAES)
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, OntarioL1H 8P7
NOTICE:
Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that
contains methanol. Don’t use it. It can corrode
metal partsin your fuel system and also damage
plastic and rubber parts. That damage wouldn’t
be covered under your warranty.
c
6-3
Filling Your Tank
The fuel door release button
is located to the leftof the
steering wheel next
to the
headlamp knob. The button
only works inPARK (P)
when the ignition key is in
any position.
f
i
The cap is behind a hinged dooron the driver's sideof
your vehicle.
A CAUTION:
Gasoline vaporis highly flammable. It burns
violently, and thatcan cause verybad injuries.
Don't smoke if you're neargasoline or refueling
your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames and smoking
materials awayfrom gasoline.
An alternate fuel door
release is located inside of
the trunkon the left hand
the
side. Pull it to release
fuel door.
. .
..
A CAUTION:
P
-.;:
3
Hang the cap inside thefuel door while refueling.
TOtake off the cap, turn it slowly tothe left
(counterclockwise).
If you get gasolineon yourself and then
something ignites it, you could be badly burned.
Gasoline can spray out on you if you open the
fuel filler cap tooquickly. This spray can happen
if your tank is nearly full, and is more likely in
hot weather. Open thefuel filler cap slowly and
wait for any “hiss”noise to stop. Then unscrew
the capall the way.
Be careful not tospill gasoline. Clean gasolinefrom
painted surfaces as soon
as possible. See “Cleaning the
Outside of Your Cadillac” in the Index.
6-5
When you put the cap back on,turn it to the rightuntil
you hear at least three clicks.
Make sure you fully install
the cap.
NOTICE:
If you need a new cap, besure toget the right
type. Yourdealer canget onefor you. If you get
the wrong type, it may not fit or have proper
.CheckingThings Under the Hood
A CAUTION:
An electric fan under thehood can start up and
injure you even when the engine is not running.
Keep hands, clothing and tools away from any
underhood electricfan.
venting, and yourfuel tank andemissions system
might be damaged.
A CAUTION:
Things that burn canget on hot engine parts and
start a fire. These include liquids like
gasoline,
oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer and
other fluids,and plastic or rubber. You or others
spill
could be burned. Be careful not to drop or
things that will burn ontoa hot engine.
Hood Release
Y
~
Pull the lever inside the
vehicle to open the hood. It
is located on the lower left
side of the instrumentpanel.
Then go to the front of the vehicle and find the
secondary hood release lever which is located under the
front edge of the grille. Lift up on the release lever as
you raise the hood.
6-7
When you open the hood, you'll see:
IC -:
......
,"
. .
..
.,I
'.: .*.
-
A. Battery
€3.Coolant Fill Location
C. Power Steering Fluid
D. Oil Fill Location
E. Engine Oil Dipstick Location
E Brake Master Cylinder
G. Transaxle DipstickEill
H. Air Cleaner
I. WindshieldWasherFluid
Before closing the hood, be sure all filler capsare on properly. Then pull the hooddown and close it firmly.
f
r
r
f
r
Engine Oil
.-:
... . . :
.:?.....
. ...
.""."
:::
.... . ".UI.....
:
:
U
"
:
.U.
U.
"a".
?a.
::::
::::
.: -.
. ....-. .:
.-.-.:..
. ::
T'
. L.L
%.
A CHECK OIL LEVEL message will appear when
the engine oilis approximately a quart low.If the
message is displayed, check the dipstick level and add
oil as needed.
It's a good idea to check your engine oil every time you
get fuel.In order to get an accurate reading, the oil must
on level ground.
be warm and the vehicle must be
The engine oil dipstick
is
located behindthe radiator
on the driver's sideof the
engine. The black handle
says ENGINE OIL on it.
Turn off the engine and
give the oil afew minutes
to drain back into the oil
pan. If you don't, the
oil
dipstick might not show
the actual level.
6-9
Checking Engine Oil
When to Add Oil
Pull out the dipstickand clean it with a paper towel or
cloth, then pushit back in all the way. Remove it again,
keeping the tip down, and check the level.
If the oil is at or below the ADD line, then you’ll need
to add some oil. But you must use the rightkind. This
part explainswhat kind of oil to use. For crankcase
capacity, see “Capacitiesand Specifications” in
the Index.
NOTICE:
I
Don’t add toomuch oil. If your engine has so
much oil that the oil level
gets above the upper
mark that shows the proper operating range,
your engine couldbe damaged.
I
6-10
I
I
I
The oil fill cap is located
behind the radiatoron the
passenger’s side of the
engine. Turn thecap
1 counterclockwise to
remove.
~
~
L
Just fill it enough toput the level somewherein the
the way
proper operating range. Push the dipstick all
back in when you’re through.
What Kind of Oil to Use
Oils recommendedfor your vehicle can be identified
by
looking for the “Starburst” symbol. This symbol
indicates that theoil has been certifiedby the American
Petroleum Institute(API). Do not use any oil which
does not carry this Starburst symbol.
If you change yourown
oil, be sure you use oil
that has the Starburst
of the
symbol on the front
oil container. If you have
your oil changed for you,
be sure the oil put into
your engineis American
Petroleum Institute certified
for gasoline engines.
You should also use the proper viscosity oil for your
vehicle, as shown in the following chart:
c
6-11
I
R E C O M M E ~ OSAE VISCOSITY GRADE ENGINE OILS
FOR BEST FUEL ECONOMY AND Coul STARTING, SELECT THE LOWEST
SA€ VISCOSITY GRADE OIL FOR THE EXPECTED TEMPERATURE RAWGE.
WOK
FOR THIS
HOT
WEATHER
7
’OF
+loo-
%‘
+60--+16
Use only engine oil with the American Petroleum
Institute CertifiedFor Gasoline Engines
“Starburst” symbol. Failure
to use the
recommended oil can result in enginedamage
not covered byyour warranty.
---
- +4
+20- - - 7
0---18
As shown in the chart,SAE 1OW-30 is best for your
vehicle. However, you can useS A E 5W-30 if it’s
going to be colder than60°F (16°C)before your
next oil change. When it’s
very cold, you should use
SAE 5W-30.These numbers on an oil container show
its viscosity,or thickness. Do not use other viscosity
oils, suchas SAE 20W-50.
I NOTICE:
- +3a
+a-- +27
+4Q-
1
I
I
-
GM Goodwrench@ oil meets all the requirements
for
your vehicle.
SA€ 51111-39
Engine Oil Additives
COLD
WEATHER
Don’t add anything to your oil.Your Cadillac dealer is
ready to advise if you think something should be added.
DO NOT USE SAL 2OW-50 OR ANY
OTHER GRADE OIL NOT RECOMMENDED
6-12
When to Change Engine Oil
CI
c-
c
Your Cadillac has an Oil Life Indicator. This feature
will let you know whento change your oil and
filter -- usually between 3,000 miles (5 000 km) and
7,500 miles (12 500 km) since your last oil change.
Under severe conditions, the indicator
may come on
before 3,000 miles (5 OOO km). Never drive your vehicle
more than7,500 miles (12 500 km) or 12 months,
(whichever occursfirst) without an oil change.
The system won’t detect
dust in the oil.So, if you
drive in a dusty area,
be sure to change your oil every
3,000 miles (5 000 km) or sooner if the CHANGE
ENGINE OIL message comes on. Remember to reset
the Oil Life Indicatorwhen the oil has been changed.
in
For more information, see “Oil Life Indicator”
the Index.
How to Reset the Oil Life Indicator
After the oil has
been changed, display theOIL LIFE
LEFT message by pressing the INFORMATION button.
Then press and hold the
RESET button until the display
shows “100.” This resets theoil life index. The message
will remain off until the nextoil change is needed. The
percentage of oil life remaining may be checked at any
time by pressing the INFORMATION button several
times until theOIL LIFE LEFT message appears. For
more information on the Oil Life Indexfeature, see “oil
Life Indicator” in the Index.
What to Do with Used Oil
Did you know that used engineoil contains certain
elements thatmay be unhealthy for yourskin and could
even cause cancer? Don’t let used oil stay
on your skin
for very long. Clean your skin and nails with soap and
;or properly throw
water, or a good hand cleaner. Wash
away clothingor rags containing usedengine oil. (See
and disposal
the manufacturer’s warnings about the use
of oil products.)
Used oil canbe a real threat to the environment.
If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain
all free-flowing oil
from the filter before disposal. Don’t
ever dispose of oil
by putting it in the trash, pouring it on
the ground, into
sewers, or into streams or bodies
of water. Instead,
recycle it by taking itto a place thatcollects used oil. If
you have a problem properly disposingof your used oil,
ask your dealer, a service station orlocal
a recycling
center for help.
6-13
1. Disconnect the Intake
Air Temperature (IAT)
sensor fromthe base of
the air cleaner.
Air Cleaner
. .
.. .
. .
1
.
.
"
1
. .
2. With a screwdriver,
loosen the air duct
clamp, which is located
at the massairflow
The air filteris located nextto the windshield washer
fluid reservoir onthe driver's side of the engine.Be sure
the engine has cooled before following these
steps to
replace the air filter:
sensor end of the
air duct.
,
3. Disconnect the air duct from themass aifflow sensor.
6-14
i
-
P
c
4. Unhook both air cleaner cover latches. One latch is
located nearthe radiator hose(not shown) and the
other latch is located next to IAT
the sensor.
5. Pivot the air cleanerand air duct assembly towaras
the frontof the vehicle. Remove the cover.
6. Take out the air filter and remove any loose debris
that may be found laying inthe air cleaner base.
7. Install a new air filter element. See“Normal
Maintenance Replacement Parts”in the Index.
Follow these stepsto reinstall theair cleaner assembly:
the
1. Slide the air cleaner lid into the slots infront
edge of theair cleaner base.
2. Pivot the air cleaner cover and air
theduct assembly
downward. Make sure that both latches
are secure
and fully engaged.
over the mass airflow
3. Reinstall the clean air duct
sensor. Make sure that the duct
is secure around the
entire outer edgeof the sensor.
4. Tighten the air duct clamp.
I A CAUTION:
Operating the engine
with the aircleaner off can
cause you or others tobe burned. Theair cleaner
not only cleans theair, it stopsflames if the
engine backfires. If it isn’t there, and theengine
backfires, you could beburned. Don’t drive with
it off, and be carefulworking on theengine with
the air cleaner off.
5 . Reconnect the IAT sensor.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule
to determine when to
replace the air filter.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services”
in the
Maintenance Schedule booklet.
6-16
NOTICE:
If the air cleaner is off, a backfire can causea
damaging enginefire. And, dirt can easily get
into yourengine, which willdamage it. Always
have theair cleaner in place when you’re driving.
rc
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
How to Check
When to Check and Change
Because this operation can
be a little difficult,you may
choose to have this doneyour
at Cadillac dealership
service department.
A good timeto check your automatic transaxle fluid
level is when the engine oil is changed.
c
Change both the fluidand filter every50,000 miles
(83 0oO km) if the vehicleis mainly driven under one
or
more of these conditions:
In heavy city traffic wherethe outside temperature
regularly reaches90°F (32°C) or higher.
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
c
0
When doing frequent trailer towing.
0
Uses such as found in taxi, policeor delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any
of these
conditions, the fluidand filter do not require changing.
c
If you do it yourself,be sure to follow all the instructions
here, or you could get afalse reading on the dipstick.
I NOTICE:
Too much or too little fluid can damage
your
transaxle. Too much can mean that some of the
fluid could come out and fall
on hot engine parts
or exhaust ,systemparts, starting a fire.
Be sureto
get an accurate reading
if you check your
transaxle fluid.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the
Maintenance Schedule booklet.
6-17
c
Wait at least30 minutes before checking the transaxle
fluid levelif you have been driving:
Then, without shutting offthe engine, follow these steps:
When outside temperatures are above90°F (32°C).
At high speed for quite a while.
0
In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather.
While pulling a trailer.
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at normal
operating temperature, whichis 180°F to 200°F
(82°C to 93°C).
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving
abut 15miles (24km)
when outside temperatures are above 50°F (10°C). If it's
colder than 50°F (lO"C), you may have to drive longer.
1.
Checking the Fluid Level
0 Park your vehicleon a level place.
Keep the engine
running.
0 With the parking brake applied, place the shift
Lever
in PARK (P).
0 With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
lever through each gear range, pausing
for about
three seconds in each range. Then, position the shift
lever in PARK (P).
2.
0 Let the enginerun at idlefor three to five minutes.
6-18
The black transaxle fluid cap is located next to the
radiator hose and below the air cleaner assembly
on
the driver's sideof the engine. Remove the air
cleaner assemblyso you can reach the transaxle fluid
by two
cap. The assembly is attached to the vehicle
fasteners. Simplylift up on the air cleaner assembly
to remove it. Find the transaxle fluidcap and turn it
counterclockwise to remove. Pull out the dipstick
and wipe it with a clean rag or paper towel.
Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and
then pull it back out again.
(0.5 L).
take much fluid, generally less than a pint
Don’t oveflll. We recommend you use only fluid
labeled DEXRON@-111,because fluid with that label
is made especially for your automatic transaxle.
Damage caused byfluid otherthan DEXRON-I11 is
not covered by your new vehicle warranty.
After adding fluid, recheck the fluidlevel as
described under “How to Check.”
3. Check both sides of the dipstick,and read the lower
level. The fluid level must
be cross-hatched area.
in the
4. If the fluid levelis in the acceptable range, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
5 . Replace theair cleaner assembly.
How to Add Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of transaxle fluid to use. See “Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants”in the Maintenance Schedule booklet.
When the correct fluid level is obtained, push the
dipstick back inall the way.
How to Reset Transaxle Fluid
Change Indicator
Your vehicle is equipped with a transaxle fluid change
indicator. A CHANGE TRANS FLUID messagewill
display on the Driver Information Center(DIC) when
the powertrain computer determines that
the transaxle
fluid needs to be changed. See your Maintenance
Schedule booklet for more information. When this
message appears, change the transaxle
fluid and reset
the transaxle fluid life indicator asfollows:
1. Turn the ignition on but do notstart the engine.
If the fluid level is low, add only enoughof the proper
fluid to bring the level into the cross-hatched area on
the dipstick.
1. Pull out the dipstick.
2. Press and hold theOFF and rear defog buttons on
2. Using a long-neck funnel, add enough fluid at the
TRANS
the climate control at the same time until the
it to the proper level. It doesn’t
dipstick hole to bring
FLUID RESET message appears on the DIC.
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6-19
Engine Coolant
The cooling system in
your vehicle is filled with new
DEX-COOL (orange-colored,silicate-free) engine
coolant. This coolant is designed to remain in your
vehicle for5 years or100,000miles (166 0o0 km),
whichever occurs first.
The following explains your cooling system and to
how
add coolant when itis low. If you have a problem with
engine overheating, see “Engine Overheating” in
the Index.
A 50/50 mixture of water and the proper coolant
for
your Cadillac will:
Give freezing protection downto -34°F (-37 O C).
Give boiling protectionup to 265“F(129“ C ) .
0
Protect against rust and corrosion.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
Let the warning lights and gages workas they should.
6-20
NOTICE:
When adding coolantit is important thatyou use
DEX-COOL (orange-colored, silicate-free)
coolant meetingGM Specification 6277M.
If silicated coolant is addedto the system,
premature engine, heater core or radiator
corrosion may result. In addition, the engine
coolant will require change sooner at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or24 months,
whichever occurs first.
TM
--
What to Use
Use a mixtureof one-half clean water (preferably
distilled) and one-halfDEX-COOL (orange-colored,
silicate-free) antifreeze that meets
GM Specification
6277M, which won’t damage aluminum parts. Use
GM Engine Coolant Supplement (sealer)
(GM Part
No. 3634621) with any complete coolant change.
If you
to add anything else.
use this mixture, you don’t need
A special procedure is required
for adding sealer; see the
Cadillac service manual.(To order a service manual, see
“Service and Owner Publications”
in the Index.)
Y
A CAUTION:
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Adding only plain water to yourcooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid like alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mix will. Your vehicle’scoolant warning
system is set forthe propercoolant mix. With
plain water or the wrongmix, your enginecould
get toohot but you wouldn’t get the overheat
warning. Your engine could catch fire andyou or
others could be burned. Use a 50/50 mix of clean
water andDEX-COOL (orange-colored,
silicate-free) antifreeze.
NOTICE:
If you use an impropercoolant mix, your engine
could overheat andbe badly damaged. The
repair cost wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Too much waterin the mix can freeze
and crack theengine, radiator, heatercore and
other parts.
[f you have to add coolantmore than four times a year,
lave your dealer check your cooling system.
NOTICE:
If you use the propercoolant, you don’t haveto
add extrainhibitors or additives which claimto
improve the system. These can be harmful.
Checking Coolant
A CAUTION:
I’urning the surge tank pressure
cap when the
engine and radiatorare hot canallow steam and
scalding liquids to blow out and burn you badly.
Never turn thesurge tank pressure cap even a
little when the engine and radiator are hot.
--
.
The surge tankis located next to the engine block on the
passenger’s side of the engine.
The cooling system when hot is under
a lot of pressure.
If the CHECK COOLANT LEVEL messageappears on
the DIC, you will’needto add coolant.
--
When your engine is cold, the coolant level should be
at the full coldmark, which is 2.5 inches (60 mm)below
as necessary to
the base of the fill neck. Use a flashlight
see into the tank.
Surge Tank Pressure Cap
Adding Coolant
If you need more coolant, add the proper
mix at the
surge tank, but only when the engine is cool.
IA CAUTION:
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You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn if the engine parts arehot
enough. Don't spill coolant on a hot engine.
~~~
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~~~~~~~
When replacing the pressure cap,
make sureit is tight.
I NOTICE:
The surge tank cap
is a 15 psi (105 kPa)
pressure-type cap and must be tightly instalfed to
prevent coolantloss and possible engine damage
from overheating.Be sure the arrows on the
cap line up.
If the surgetank pressure cap needsto be replaced, a
General Motors capis recommended.
Thermostat
Engine coolant temperatureis controlled by a thermostat
in the engine coolant system.
The thermostat stops the
flow of coolant through the radiator until the coolant
reaches a preset temperature.
If your thermostat needs tobe replaced, a General
Motors thermostatis recommended.
Power Steering Fluid
The power steering fluid
reservoir is located nextto
the coolant surge tankon
How To Check Power Steering Fluid
When the engine compartmentis cool, unscrew the cap
and wipe the dipstick with a clean rag. Replace the cap
and completely tighten it. Then remove the cap again
and look at the fluid level on the dipstick.
The level should be at the
FULL COLD mark. If
necessary, add only enough fluid to bring the level up to
the mark.
What to Use
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
It is not necessary to regularly check power steering
fluid unless you suspect there
is a leak in the system or
you hear an unusual noise.A fluid loss in this system
could indicate a problem. Have the system inspected
and repaired.
6-24
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of fluid to use. See “Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants” in the Maintenance Schedule booklet.
Always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the proper
fluid can cause leaks and damage hoses and seals.
Windshield Washer Fluid
What to Use
When you need windshield washer fluid,be sure to read
the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you will be
operating your vehiclein an area where the temperature
may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has sufficient
protection against freezing.
*-
1
Adding Washer Fluid
NOTICE:
When using concentrated washer fluid,
follow the manufacturer’s instructions
for
adding water.
0 Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can cause the solution to freeze
and damage your washer fluid tank and
other partsof the washer system. Also,
water doesn’t cleanas well as washer fluid.
0 Fill yourwasher fluid tank only 314 full
when it’s very cold. This allowsfor
expansion, which coulddamage the tank if
it is completely full.
e Don’t use radiator antifreeze in your
windshield washer.It can damage your
washer system and paint.
0
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The windshield washer fluid reservoir is located next to
of the engine.
the air filter on the driver’s side
Open the cap labeledWASHER FLUID ONLY. Add
is full.
washer fluid until the tank
6-25
c
your brake system fixed, since
a leak means that sooner
or lateryour brakes won't work well,or won't work
at all.
Brakes
Brake Fluid
So, it isn't a good idea to "top
off' your brake fluid.
a leak. If you add fluid
Adding brake fluid won't correct
when your linings are worn, then you'll have too much
fluid when youget new brake linings.You should add
(or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when work is
done on the brake hydraulic system.
IA
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CAUTION:
If you havetoo much brakefluid, itcan spill on
the engine. The fluid will burnif the engineis hot
enough. You or others could be burned, and your
vehicle could be damaged. Add brake fluid only
Your brake master cylinder reservoir is here. It is filled when work is done on the brake hydraulic system.
with DOT-3 brake fluid.
brake
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in When your brake fluidfalls to a low level, your
the reservoir mightgo down. The first is that the brake warning light will come on. See "Brake System Warning
Light" in the Index.
fluid goes downto an acceptable level during normal
brake liningwear. When new linings are put in, the fluid
level goesback up. The other reason is that fluid is
leaking outof the brake system.If it is, you should have
...: -.:,..:.,..::;.:: . ;:
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6-26
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What to,Add
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DOT-3 brake
When you do need brake fluid, use only
fluid -- such as Delco Supreme 11@ (GM Part
No. 1052535).Use new brake fluid froma sealed
container only,and always clean the brake fluid
it.
reservoir cap before removing
A CAUTION:
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With the wrong kind
of fluid inyour brake
system, your brakesmay not work well, or they
may noteven work at all. This could cause a
crash. Always usethe proper brakefluid.
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Using the wrong fluid can badly damage brake
system parts. Forexample, just a few drops of
mineral-based oil, such as engine oil, in your
brake system can damage brake system parts
so badly that they’ll have to be replaced. Don’t
let someoneput in the wrong kind of fluid.
NOTICE: (Continued)
NOTICE: (Continued)
If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s painted
surfaces, thepaint finish can be damaged. Be
carefbl not to spill brake fluid on your vehicle.
If you do, wash it off immediately. See
“Appearance Care” in the Index.
Brake Wear
Your Cadillac has four-wheel disc brakes.
a
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make
high-pitched warningsound when the brake pads are
worn and new pads are needed. The sound may come and
go or be heard all the time your vehicleis moving (except
when you are pushing on the brakepedal fmly).
A CAUTION:
The brake wear warning sound meansthat sooner
or later your brakes won’t work well. That could
lead to an accident. When you hear the brake wear
warning sound, haveyour vehicle serviced.
6-27
I NOTICE:
Continuing to drivewith worn-out brake pads
could resultin costly brakerepair.
Some driving conditionsor climates may cause a brake
or lightly
squeal when the brakes are first applied
applied. This does not mean something is wrong with
your brakes.
Free movementof brake calipers and proprely torqued
wheel nuts are necessaryto help prevent brake
pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect brake calipers
for movement, brake pads for wear, and evenly torque
wheel nuts in the proper sequence GM
to Specifications.
Brake linings should always
be replaced as complete
axle sets.
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer if the brake pedaldoes not return to
normal height,or if there isa rapid increasein pedal
travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
6-28
Brake Adjustment
Every time you applythe brakes, with or without the
vehicle moving, your brakes adjust for wear.
Replacing Brake System Parts
The braking system ona modem vehicleis complex.
be of top qualityand work well
Its many parts have to
together if the vehicleis to have really good braking.
Vehicles we design and test have top-qualityGM brake
parts in them, as your Cadillac does when it is new.
When you replace parts of your braking system-- for
example, when your brake linings wear down and you
have to have new ones put in
-- be sure you get new
genuine GM replacement parts. If you don’t,your
brakes may no longer work properly.
For example, if
someone puts in brake linings that
are wrong for your
vehicle, the balance between your front and rear brakes
can change -- for the worse. Thebraking performance
you’ve come to expect can change in many other ways if
someone puts in the wrong replacement brake
parts.
--
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Battery
Bulb Replacement
Every new Cadillac has a Delco Freedom@
battery. You
never have to add water
to one of these. When it’s time
for anew battery, we recommend a Delco Freedom@
battery. Get one thathas the replacement number shown
on the original battery’s label.
For any bulb changing procedure not listed in this
section, contact your Cadillac dealer service department.
Vehicle Storage
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If you’re not goingto drive your vehiclefor 25 days
or more, takeoff the black, negative(-) cable from
the battery.This will help-keepyour battery from
running down.
1 A CAUTION:
Batteries have acidthat can burnyou and gas
that can explode. You can be badly hurt if you
aren’t careful. See “Jump Starting” in the Index
for tipson working around a battery without
getting hurt.
Contact your dealerto learn howto prepare your vehicle
for longer storage periods.
Also, for your audio system, see “Theft-Deterrent
Feature’’ in the Index.
Halogen Bulbs
A CAUTION:
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas inside and
can burstif you drop or scratch thebulb. You or
others could be injured. Be sure to read and
follow the instructionson the bulb package.
Headlamp
1. Lift the cover to gain access.
2. Turn the headlamp housing socket counterclockwise
to unlock the socket from the lamp housing.
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4. Install the new bulb and socket to the wiring harness
3. Disconnect the socketfrom the harness by separating
the locking clip.
6-30
connector. Makesure that the harnessis locked to the
bulb socket.
5. Reinstall the headlamp housing socket back into the
headlamp assembly.
Do not touch the glass portion of the new halogen bulb!
The oil from your fingerswill shorten the bulb life.
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Cornering Lamp
1. Open the hood togain access to the mountingscrew.
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2. Remove the screw
securing the cornering
lamp housing.
3. Gently pull out the cornering lamp assembly.
4. Remove the socket by rotating it counterclockwise
slightly, then replace the bulb mid reinstall.
-
6-31
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp
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1. Lift the trim cover to remove.
5. When installing the cornering lamphousing be sure
that the two guide pins are aligned withthe holes.
6-32
2. Twist the socket counterclockwise and remove the
socket and bulb from the housing.
r-
Taillamp
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3. Replace the bulb.
Reverse the steps to reassemble the stoplamp assembly. 1. Loosen the upperTom@screw, but don’t remove it.
2. Gently tilt the top portion of the taillamp housing to
access the bulb sockets.
If you can’t access the lower
bulb socket, remove the taillamp housing completely.
6-33
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3. Press the bulb socket' housing leverand rotate the
socket counterclockwise to remove it.
4. Replace the bulbby pressing and turning it
counterclockwise.
5. Once you have installed the new bulband socket into .
the taillamp housing, insert the tab
on the lower
portion of the taillamp housingfirst, then gentlyfit
the restof the housing in place.
6-34
Wiper Blade Replacement
1c
It’s a good idea
to clean or replace the wiper blade
assembly on a regular basisor when worn. For proper
“Normal
windshield wiper blade length and type, see
Maintenance ReplacementParts” later in this section.
To replace the wiper blade assembly:
1. Turn the ignition key toACCESSORY and turn the
in
wipers on. Position the wipers on the windshield
the “mid” wipe position. Then with the door open,
turn the keyto OFF.
i
2. Insert a screwdriver into the slot as shown and press
down to release the wiper blade assembly.
3. Align the wiper arm pin with the hole on the wiper
blade assembly andsnap it into place to install.
6-35
Tires
We don’t make tires. Your new Cadillac comes with
high-quality tires made by a leading tire manufacturer.
If you ever have questions about your warranty
tire
and
where toobtain service, see your Cadillac Warranty
booklet for details.
A CAUTION:
Poorly maintained and improperlyused tires are
dangerous.
Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result of too muchfriction.
You could havean air-out anda serious
accident. See “Loading Your Vehicle’’in
the Index.
Underinflated tires pose the same danger as
overloaded tires.The resultingaccident
could causeserious injury. Check all tires
frequently to maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressureshould be checked
when your tires are cold.
6-36
CAUTION: (Continued)
Overinflated tiresare more likely to be
cut, punctured or broken by a sudden
impact such as when you hit a pothole.
Keep tires at the recommended pressure.
Worn, old tires can cause accidents. If your
tread is badly worn, or if your tireshave
been damaged, replace them.
See “Inflation Tire Pressure’’ in this section
for inflation pressure adjustment forhigher
speed driving.
--
--
Inflation -- Tire Pressure
The Tire-Loading Information label which
is located on
the rear edge of the driver’s door, shows the correct
inflation pressures for your tires when they’re cold.
“Cold” means your vehicle has been sitting for at least
than a mile.
three hours or driven no more
If you’ll bedriving at speeds higher than
100 mph
(160 km/h) where it is legal, raise the cold inflation
pressure of each tireto 35 psi (240 Wa). When you end
this very high-speed driving, reduce the cold inflation
f
?ressures to those listed on the Tire-Loading
[nformation label.
NOTICE:
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Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation or
overinflation is all right. It’s not. If your tires
don’t haveenough air (underinflation), you can
get the following:
Too much flexing
Too much heat
Tire overloading
Bad wear
Bad handling
Bad fuel economy.
If your tireshave too much air (overinflation),
you can getthe following:
Unusual wear
Bad handling
Rough ride
Needless damage from road hazards.
When to Check
Check your tires once a month or more.
Don’t forget your compact spare tire. It should
be
at 60 psi (420 Wa).
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You can’t tellif your tires are properly inflated
simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look
properly inflated even when they’re underinflated.
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Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve stems.
They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt and moisture.
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Tires shouldbe inspected every6,000 to 8,000 miles
(10 OOO to 13 000 km) for any signsof unusual wear.
If unusual wear is present, rotate your tires as as
soon
possible and check wheel alignment.Also check for
damaged tiresor wheels. See “When It’s Time for New
Tires” and “Wheel Replacement” laterin this section for
more information.
6-37
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After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front
and
rear inflation pressuresas shown on the Tire-Loading
Information label. Make certain that all wheel nuts are
Nut Torque” in
properly tightened. See “Wheel
the Index.
A CAUTION:
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The purposeof regular rotationis to achieve more
uniform wearfor all tires on the vehicle. The
first
rotation is the most important. See “Scheduled
Maintenance Services”in the Maintenance Schedule
booklet for scheduled rotation intervals.
When rotatingyour tires, always use the correct rotation
pattern shown here.
tire in your tire rotation.
Don’t include the compact spare
6-38
I
.
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to which
it is fastened, can make wheel nuts become loose
after a time. The wheel could comeoff and cause
an accident. Whenyou change a wheel, remove
any rust or dirt from places where the wheel
attaches to the
vehicle. In anemergency, you can
use a cloth or a paper towel to do this; but be
sure to use a scraper or wire brush later, if you
need to, to get all the rust or dirt off. (See
“Changing a Flat Tire”in the Index.)
I
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When It’s Time for New Tires
1
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One way to tell when it’s
time for-new tiresis to
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires have
only 1/16 inch (1.6mm) or
less of tread remaining.
You need a newtire if any ofthe following statements
are true:
You can see the indicators at threeor more places
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around the tire.
You can see cord or fabric showing through
the
tire’s rubber.
The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged deep
enough to show cord or fabric.
0
The tire has a bump, bulgeor split.
0
The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that
can’t be repairedwell because of the sizeor location
of the damage.
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size
of tires you need, look at
the Tire-Loading Information label.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification
(TPCSpec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires
TPC Spec number. Thatway
get ones with that same
your vehicle will continue to have tires that are designe
to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating,
traction, ride and other things during normal service on
your vehicle.If your tires havean all-season tread
by an “MS”
design, the TPC number will be followed
(for mud and snow).
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the
same size,
load range, speed rating and construction type (bias,
bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
6-39
A CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause youto lose control while
driving. If you mix tires of different sizes or types
(radial and bias-belted tires), the vehicle may not
handle properly, and you could havea crash.
Using tires of different sizes may also cause
damage to your vehicle. Be sure to use the same
size and type tires on all four wheels.
It’s allright to drive with your compact spare,
though. It was developed for use on your vehicle.
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
The following information relates
to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance. (This
applies only to vehicles sold
in the United States.) The
grades are moldedon the sidewallsof most passenger
car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading system
does
not apply to deep tread, winter-type snow tires,
space-saver or temporaryuse spare tires, tireswith
6-40
nominal rim diametersof 10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm),
or to some limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors passenger
cars and light trucks may
vary with respect to these
grades, they must also conform to Federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria(TPC) standards.
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating
based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course.
For
example, a tire graded 150 would wear one anda half
(1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative performanceof tires depends
upon the actual conditionsof their use, however,and
may depart significantly from the norm due to variations
in driving habits, service practices and differences in
road characteristics and climate.
--.
Traction
-- A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest
to lowest, are A, B
and C, and they represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet
pavement as measured under controlled conditions on
specified government test surfacesof asphalt and concrete.
A tire marked C may have poor traction performance.
e
Warning: The traction grade assigned to thistire is based
on braking (straightahead) traction tests and does not
include cornering (turning) traction.
Temperature
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-- A, B,C
The temperature grades areA (the highest),B and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation
of
heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under
controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the
material of the tireto degenerate and reduce tire life, and
excessive temperature can leadto sudden tire failure.
The gradeC corresponds to a level
of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under the
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety StandardNo. 109. Grades
A and B represent higher levels of performance on the
laboratory test wheel than the minimum required
by law.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire
is
established for a tire that
is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in combination
can cause heat buildup
and possible tire failure.
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factoryto give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
In most cases,you will not need to have your wheels
aligned again. However,if you notice unusual tire wear
or your vehicle pulling one
way or the other, the
alignment may need tobe reset. If you notice your
vehicle vibrating when drivingon a smooth road, your
wheels may need to be rebalanced.
6-41
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that
is bent, cracked,or badly rusted
or corroded.If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the wheel,
If the
wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced.
wheel leaks air, replace it (except some aluminum
wheels, which can sometimesbe repaired). See your
Cadillac dealerif any of these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind
of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have the same load carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted the
same way as the oneit replaces.
If you need to replace any
of your wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts, replace them only with
new GM original
be sure to have the
equipment parts. This way, you will
right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts for your
Cadillac model.
A CAUTION:
Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be dangerous.
It could affectthe braking and handling
of your
vehicle, make your tires lose air and make you
lose control. You could havea collision in which
you or otherscould beinjured. Always use
the correctwheel, wheel boltsand wheel nuts
for replacement.
-.
1
NOTICE:
The wrong wheel can also causeproblems with
bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer/odometer
calibration, headlamp aim, bumper height, vehicle
ground clearance and tire or tire chainclearance
to the body and chassis.
See “Changing a Flat Tire”in the Indexfor
more information.
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Used Replacement Wheels
Tire Chains
NOTICE:
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know how it’s been used or
how many miles it’s beendriven. It could fail
suddenly and cause an accident. If you haveto
replace a wheel, use a new GM original
equipment wheel.
Use tire chainsonly where legal and only when
you must. Use only SAE Class “S” type chains
that arethe propersize for yourtires. Install
them on the front tires and tighten
them as
tightly as possible with the endssecurely
fastened. Drive slowlyand follow the chain
manufacturer’s instructions.If you can hear the
chains contacting your vehicle, stop and retighten
them. If the contactcontinues, slow downuntil it
stops. Driving toofast or spinning thewheels
with chains on will damage your vehicle.
’
6-43
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others can burst into flames if you
strike a
match or get them on
a hot part of the vehicle. Some are
dangerous if you breathe their fumes ina closed space.
When you use anything froma container to clean your
Cadillac, be sure tofollow the manufacturer’s warnings
and instructions. And alwaysopen your doorsor
windows when you’re cleaningthe inside.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
0
Gasoline
Naphtha
CarbonTetrachloride
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Acetone
0
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Alcohol
LaundrySoap
Bleach
ReducingAgents
Cleaning the Inside of Your Cadillac
Use a vacuum cleaner often
to get rid of dust and loose
dirt. Wipe vinyl or leather with a clean, damp cloth.
Your Cadillac dealer has twoGM cleaners, a
solvent-type spot lifter and a foam-type powdered
cleaner. They will clean normal spots and stains very
well. Do not use them on vinyl or leather.
Benzene
0
Don’t use any of these unless
this manual says you can.
In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
Here are some cleaning tips:
0
PaintThinner
Turpentine
0
LacquerThinner
Nail Polish Remover
0
They can all be hazardous-- some more than
others -- and they can all damage your vehicle too.
.!
Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
Clean up stains as soonas you can -- before they set.
Use a clean cloth or sponge, and changeto a clean area
often. A soft brush may be used if stains are stubborn.
Use solvent-type cleaners in a well-ventilated area
only. If you use them, don’t saturate the stained area.
If a ring forms after spot cleaning, clean the entire
area immediatelyor it will set.
,
Using Foam-Type Cleaneron Fabric
Using Solvent-Type Cleaner on Fabric
Vacuum and brush the area to remove any loose dirt. First, seeif you have to use solvent-type cleaner at
dl.
Some spots and stains will clean off better with just
a Always clean a wholetrim panel or section. Mask
water and mild soap.
surrounding trim along stitch
or welt lines.
0
t
0
Mix Multi-Purpose Powdered Cleaner following the
directions on the container label.
If you needto use a solvent:
Gently scrape excess soil from the trim material
with
a clean, dull knife or scraper. Use very little cleane
light pressureand clean cloths (preferably
of
cheesecloth). Cleaning should start at the outside
the stain, “feathering” toward
the center. Keep
changing to a clean section
of the cloth.
a Use suds only and apply with
a clean sponge.
a Don’t saturate the material.
a Don’t rub it roughly.
0
As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use
a sponge
to remove the suds.
0
Rinse the section with a clean, wet sponge.
0
When you clean a stain from fabric, immediately
dry the area with a blow dryer
to help prevent a
cleaning ring.
a Wipe off what’s left with a slightly damp paper towel
or cloth.
1
9
0
Then dryit immediately with a blow dryer.
0
Wipe with a clean cloth.
c
6-45
Special Cleaning Problems
Greasy or Oily Stains
Stains causedby grease, oil, butter, margarine, shoe
polish, coffeewith cream, chewing gum, cosmetic
creams, vegetable oils,wax crayon, tar and asphalt can
be removed as follows:
Carefully scrapeoff excess stain.
Follow the solvent-type instructions described earlier.
0
Shoe polish, wax crayon, tar and asphalt will stain
be
if left on a vehicle’s seat fabric. They should
removed as soon as possible. Be careful, because
the cleaner will dissolve them and
may cause them
to spread.
If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit
or urine,
a waterbaking soda solution:
treat the area with
1 teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml)
of lukewarm water.
If needed, clean lightly with solvent-type cleaner.
0
0
Combination Stains
Stains caused by candy, ice cream, mayonnaise,chili
be removed as follows:
sauce and unknown stains can
,
Carefully scrapeoff excess stain, then clean with
cool water and allow to dry.
If a stain remains, clean it with solvent-type cleaner.
Cleaning Vinyl
Use warm water anda clean cloth.
Non-Greasy Stains
0 Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove
dirt. You
Stains caused by catsup, coffee (black),egg, fruit, fruit
may have todo it more than once.
juice, milk, soft drinks, wine, vomit, urine and blood can
0 Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish
will stain if
be removed as follows:
you don’t get themoff quickly. Use a clean
cloth and
Carefully scrapeoff excess stain, then spongethe
a GM Vinylbeather Cleaner or equivalent product.
soiled area with cool water.
0 If a stain remains, follow the foam-type instructions
described earlier.
6-46
c
7
.
I
a
Cleaning Leather
Cleaning Wood Panels
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and
a mild soapor
saddle soap.
Use a clean cloth moistenedin warm, soapy water (use
mild dish washingsoap). Dry the wood immediately
with a clean cloth.
For stubborn stains, use a GM Vinylbeather Cleaner
or equivalent product.
0
Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather.
Soiled leather should be cleaned immediately.If
dirt is allowed to work into the finish, it can harm
the leather.
Cleaning Speaker Covers
Vacuum around a speaker cover gently,so that the
speaker won’t be damaged. Some spots and stains will
clean off better withjust water and mild soap.
If
something gets on one
of them and you need to use
a
solvent, follow these steps:
Gently scrape excess soil from the trim material with
a clean, dull knifeor scraper. Use very little cleaner,
light pressure and clean cloths (preferably
cheesecloth). Cleaning should start at
the outside of
the stain, “feathering” toward the
center. Keep
changing to a clean sectionof the cloth.
Cleaning theTop of the Instrument Panel
Use only mild soap and water
to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones
or
in the windshield
waxes may cause annoying reflections
and even makeit difficult to see through the windshield
under certain conditions.
’
When you cleana stain from fabric, immediately
dry the area with a blow dryer to help prevent
a
cleaning ring.
k
6-47
Keep belts clean and
dry.
Cleaning the Outsideof the
Windshield and WiperBlades
IA
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running, wax
or other material may beon the blade or windshield.
Care of Safety Belts
CAUTION:
Do not bleach or dye safety belts.If you do, it
may severely weaken them.
In a crash they might
not be able to provide adequate protection.
Clean safety belts only with mild soap and
lukewarm water.
Glass
Glass should be cleaned
often. GM Glass Cleaner(GM
Part No. 1050427) or a liquid household glass cleaner
will remove normal tobacco smoke and dust films.
the windshield withGM
Clean the outside of
Windshield Cleaner, Bon-Ami Powder@(GM Part
No. 1050011). The windshield is cleanif beads do not
form when you rinse it with water.
Clean the blade by wiping vigorously with
a cloth
soaked in full-strength windshield washer solvent. Then
rinse the blade with water.
Wiper blades should be checked on
a regularbasis and
replaced when worn.
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them
last
Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass, because they may longer, seal better, and not stick
or squeak. Apply silicone
cause scratches. Avoid placing decals on the inside rear grease with a clean cloth at least everysix months.
window, since they may have
to be scraped off later.
During very cold, damp weather more frequent
If abrasive cleanersare used on the inside
of the rear
application may be required. (See “Recommended
may be damaged.
window, an electric defogger element
Fluids and Lubricants” in the Maintenance Schedule
Any temporary license should not be attached across the booklet.)
defogger grid.
6-48
c
-4
L
Cleaning the Outside of Your
Cadillac
The paint finishon your vehicle provides beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention and durability.
Washing Your Vehicle
F-
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing
of your Cadillac
by hand may be necessary to remove residuefrom the
paint finish.You can get GM-approved cleaning
products from your dealer. (See “Appearance
Care and
Materials” in the Index.)
Your Cadillac has a“basecoat/~learcoat’~
paint finish.
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to keep
it cleanby washing it often with lukewarm or cold water. The clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colore
basecoat. Always usewaxes and polishes that are
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun. non-abrasive and made for a basecoat/clearcoat
Don’t use strong soaps or chemical detergents. Use
paint finish.
liquid hand, dish or car washing (mild detergent) soaps.
Don’t use cleaning agents that
are petroleum based,
or that contain acid or abrasives.
All cleaning agents
NOTICE:
should be flushed promptly and not allowed
to dry on
the surface,or they could stain.Dry the finish with a
Machine compoundingor aggressive polishingon
soft, clean chamoisor a 100%cotton towel toavoid
a basecoatklearcoat paint finish
may dull the
surface scratches and water spotting.
finish or leave swirl marks.
High pressurecar washes may cause waterto enter
your vehicle.
6-49
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
tar, tree sap, bird
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and
droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc., can
on painted
damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain
as possible. If
surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon
necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners thatare marked
safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign matter.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject
to aging, weather
and chemical falloutthat can take their toll over a period
of years. You can help to keep the paint finish looking
new by keeping your Cadillac garagedor covered
whenever possible.
Aluminum or Chrome Wheels
Keep your wheels clean using
a soft clean cloth with
mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water. After
A wax
rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel.
may then be applied.
The surfaceof these wheels is similar to the painted
surface of your vehicle. Don’t usestrong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners or
abrasive cleaningbrushes on them because youcould
damage the surface.You may use chrome polishon
chrome wheels,but avoid any painted surface of
the
wheel, and buffoff immediately after application.
6-50
Don’t take your vehicle through an automatic wash
car
that has silicon carbidetire cleaning brushes. These
of these wheels.
brushes can also damage the surface
Tires
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with a tire cleaner.
I NOTICE:
When applying a tire dressing, always take care
to wipe off any oversprayor splash from all
painted surfaceson the bodyor wheels of the
vehicle. Petroleum-based productsmay damage
the paint finish.
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicleis damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to the parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
-
4
Finish Damage
c
c-
rc
Chemical Paint Spotting
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in the finish Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create a
fall and
should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can upon
attack painted surfaceson your vehicle. This damage
quickly and may developinto a major repair expense.
can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched int
materials available fromyour dealer or other service
the paint surface.
outlets. Larger areasof finish damage canbe corrected
Although no defect in the paint
job causes this, Cadillac
in your dealer's body and paint shop.
will repair, at no charge
to the owner, the surfaces of
Underbody Maintenance
new vehicles damagedby this fallout condition within
12 months or 12,OOO miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust
whichever
occurs first.
control can collect on the underbody. If these
are not
removed, accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur on the
underbody parts such asfuel lines, frame, floor pan
and
exhaust system even though they have corrosion
protection.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water.Clean any areas where mud
and other debris can collect.
Dirt packed in closed areas
of the frame shouldbe loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer oran underbody car washing system
can do
this for you.
c
6-51
Appearance Care Materials Chart
PART NUMBER
,
1
I
1050004
1050172
(0.473
oz.
16
1050173
16
1050
174
1050201
16
10502
14
1050427
23
1050429
1051398*
I
I
SIZE
DESCRIPTION
2.75 sq. ft.
L)
oz. (0.473 L)
16 oz. (0.473
L)
02. (0.473 L)
32 02. (0.946 L)
02. (0.680 L)
6 (2.72
lbs.
kg)
8 oz. (0.237 L)
Chamois
Tar and Road Oil Remover
Chrome
Cleaner
Polish
and
Removes
and
rust
White Sidewall Tire Cleaner
Magic Mirror Cleaner Polish
Vinyl and Leather Cleaner
Glass Cleaner
Multi-Purpose Powdered Cleaner
Lifter
Spot
I
USAGE
Shines vehicle without scratching
Also removes old waxes and polishes
I
I
-.
corrosion
Removes soil and blackmarks
Exterior cleaner and polish
Spot and stain removal
Cleans grease, grime andsmoke film
Cleans vinyl, cloth, tires and mats
clothFor
1051515
32
(0.946
oz.
L) }
Optikleen
Windshield
washer
solvent
and antifreeze
1052870
16
oz. L)
(0.473
Concentrate
Wax
Exterior
and
wash
Wash
8 oz. (0.237 L)
Armor
All
Protector
Protects
vinyl,
leather
rubber
and
1052918**
Wheel Cleaner
Spray on wheel cleaner
16 oz. (0.473 L)
1052929
Attracts and absorbs soils
Capture Dry Spot Remover
8 oz. (0.237 L)
1052930
16 02. (0.473 L)
Armor All TM Cleaner
Cleans vinyl, leatherand rubber
12345002**
12 oz. (0.354 L)
Shine
Silicone
Tire
Shines
tires
12345725
See your General Motors Parts Department for these products. * Not recommended for pigskin suede leather.
** Not recommendedfor use on instrument panel vinyl.
See ‘Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
TM
I
6-52
I
I
-
Service Parts Identification Label
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
You’ll find this label on the rear wall of trunk
the on the
passenger’s side. It’s very helpful you
if ever needto
order parts. On this label is:
yourVIN,
c
I
ENGINE/1996
T
\ ASSEMBLY
CODE
MODEL YEAR
PLANT
the model designation,
I
paint information and
0
This is thelegal, identifier for your Cadillac. It appears
on a platein the frontcorner of the instrument panel, on
the driver’s side..You can see itif you look through the
windshield from outside your vehicle. The
VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and ServiceParts
labels and the certificates of title and registration.
a list of all production options and special
equipment.
not removed from the vehicle.
Be sure that this label is
Engine Identification
The eighth character in your
VIN is the engine code.
This code will help you identify your engine,
parts.
specifications and replacement
6-53
Electrical System
Headlamp Wiring
Add-on Electrical Equipment
The headlamp wiring hasan individual fuse which is
powered by a MaxiFuse? An electrical overload will
cause the lamps togo on and off, or in some cases to
remain off. If this happens, have the headlamp wiring
checked right away.
NOTICE:
Don’t add anything electrical
to your Cadillac
unless you check with your dealer first.
Some
electrical equipment can damage
your vehicle
and the damage wouldn’t be covered
by your
warranty. Some add-on electrical equipment
can keep other components from working
as
they should.
MaxiFuse is a registered trademark
of Little Fuse
Incorporated.
Windshield WiperFuses
The windshield wiper motor
is powered by a MaxiFuse.
If the motor overheats due to heavy snow, etc., the
wipers will stop until the motor cools.
If the overload is
caused by some electrical problem, be sure to have.
it fixed.
Your vehicle hasan air bag system. Before attempting to
Power Windows and Other Power Options
add anything electricalto your Cadillac, see “Servicing
Your Air Bag-Equipped Cadillac” in the Index.
Circuit breakers protect the power windows and other
power accessories. When the current load is too heavy,
the circuit breaker opens and closes, protecting the
circuit until the problem is fixed or goes away.
6-54
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
7
Engine Compartment Fuse Block
The wiring circuits in your vehicle
are protected from
of fuses and circuit
short circuits by a combination
breakers. This greatly reduces the
chance of fires caused
by electrical problems.
Look at the silver-colored bandinside the fuse.If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse.
Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a new
one of the identical size
and rating.
If you ever have a problem on the road and don’t have a
spare fuse,you can borrow one that has the same
amperage. Pick some feature of your vehicle that you
can get along without-- like theradio or cigarette
lighter -- and use its fuse, if it is the correct amperage.’
Replace it as soon as you can.
There are three fuse blocks in your vehicle: the engine
and
compartment fuse block, the MaxiFuse relay center
the rear compartmentfuse block.
The fuse blockis located next to the air filter
on the
driver’s sideof the engine. Lift the coverto gain access.
, ,
, ,
DRL
I I :NTLPS
I
L HDLP Lo
HOLPS
R HDLP LO
L HDLP HI
I HAZARD I I
WIPERS
IGN O(ENO)
STOP
,
I
II
MIRROR
,
I
CIG LTRl
R HDLP HI
,
IFOGlORL
,
I Fuse
I L HDLP LO
'
CRANK
L HDLP HI
R HDLP HI
SENSE
FUSE CENTER IDENTIFICATION
OXY SEN2
OXY SEN1 FUELPUMP
I
I
O
O
E
I
I
~,
0
0
0
CRUISE
,
DtSTR
I
I
,PCM/IGN)I
I
,PCM(BAT)l ]A/C COMP,
FRONT OF VEHICLE
FUEL PUMP
RELAY
HDLPS
ECS
3648830
/
HAZARD
I Fuse
I Usage
-
Daytime Running Lamps
Trunk Lamp, Courtesy Lamps,
Front Vanity Lamps, GloveBox
Lamp, Garage Door Opener,
Courtesy Lamp Relay
Front Cigarette Lighter( 'ull
Console Only), RearLig Iter
ICIGLrnl
CIG LTR2Right
and LeftRear
Cigarette Lighters
I
6-56
I
STOP
Usage
Left Low-Beam Headlamp
Right Low-Beam Headlamp, Light
Emitting Diode(LED)on
Headlamp Switch
Left High-Beam Headlamp
Right High-Beam Headlamp
Heated Windshield Control
(Optional)
Headlamp Switch and Relay,
High/Low Beam Control Relay,
Right and Left Low Beam @-Beam),
Right and Left High Beam
Electronic Flasher Module,
Turn/Hazard Module, Right andLeft
TU^ Lamps, Back-up Lamps, Right
and Left Front Turn Lamps, Right
and LeftRepeater Lamps (Export)
Stoplamp Switch, Centered
High-Mounted Stoplamp
(CHMSL), Turn Hazard Switch,
ABS Controller, Stepper Motor
Cruise Control, Right and Left
Rear Stoplamps
-.
Usage
MIRROR
Inadvertent Power Relay,
Outside
Rearview Mirror, Data Line
Connector (DLC), Flash-to-Pass
Module
FOG/DRL
Daytime Running Lamp(DRL)
Relay (Domestic Only), FogL m
Relay (Optional), Headlamp
Switch, Rightand Left Front Fog
Lamps (Optional)
[GN 0 m G ) * Powertrain Control Module(PC1
CRANK
Sensing and Diagnostic Module
(SDM)
ABS
Anti-Lock Brake System/Anti-SI
Regulation-5 (ABS/ASR-5)
Controller
IGN 1
Rear Ignition-1 Relay, Front Fog
Lamp Relay, Rear Lamp Relay
(Export), Controlled Power
Back-up Relay, DRL Relay
(Domestic Only)
Accessory Relay, Wiper Switch,
WIPERS
Cluster, Wiper Motor, wiper Pump
OXY SEN2" 0 2 Sensor Rear, Catalytic
Converter (CAT) Rear
0 9 Sensor
Fuse
c
~
~
~
~
~~~
I
1
Usage
OXY SENl* 0 2 Sensor Front,CAT Front 02
Sensor
Engine Oil Pressure Indicator, PCM,
=PUMP*
Fuel Pump Relay, Fuel Pump
[NJ*
Injectors 2 , 3 , 5 , 8
rnJ*
Injectors 1 , 4 , 6 , 7
CRUISE
Stepper Motor Cruise Control,
Park-Neutral Position Switch,
Back-up Lamps, Electrochromatic
Mirror, Brake-Transaxle Shift
Interlock (BTSI)
DISTR"
Electronic Ignition Control
PCM (IGN)* Powertrain Control Module (PCM)
Transaxle Shift Solenoids, Mass
Airflow, Low Refrigerant Cutoff
Switch, Canister Purge, PCM,
Linear Exhaust Gas Recirculation
(EGR), Power Steering Press
Switch, Front Ignition-1 Relay
PCM (BAT)* PCM
A/C COMP AC Compressor Relay, Cooling
Fan Relays 1,2,3, Compressor
BD 11related fuses or circuit breakers.
MaxiFuse/Relay Center
Fuse
The MaxiFuses and relaysare located next to the engine
of the
compartment fuse block on the driver’s side
engine. If a MaxiFuse should blow, have your vehicle
serviced by your Cadillac dealer immediately.
BODY 1
RELAY CENTER IDENTIFICATION
€7
STARTER
6-58
Usage
Real T i e Dampening (RTD)Fuse,
Convenience Fuse, BAm Fuse,
Headlamp Wash Fuse (Export),
Antenna Fuse, ParkLamp Relay,
Right and Left Park Fuse
Defog Relay, Pull-Down Fuse,
BODY 2
Right and Left Heated Seat Fuse,
Electronic Level Control@LC)
Fuse, Rear Defog Fuse, Heated
Mirror Fuse
BODY 3
Controlled Power Relay,
Controlled PowerBack-up Relay
Mirror Fuse, Platform Zone
Module (PZM) Fuse, Radiophone
Fuse
Fuse, Cluster Fuse, AMP
Comfort Fuse
INADVERT Inadvertent Power Relay,
Brushless Blower Motor, Interior
Lamps Fuse, Cigarette Lighter1
Fuse, Cigarette Lighter-2 Fuse
IFuse
LAMPS
I Usage
High/Low Beam Relay, Headlamp
Relay, Fog LampDRL Fuse,
Hazard Fuse, Mirror Fuse,
Headlamp Fuse, Right and Left
High Beam Fuse, Right and Left
Low Beam Fuse, Stop Fuse
IGN 1
Rear Ignition- 1 Relay, Wiper Fuse,
Relay Ignition-1 Fuse,Supplemental
Inflatable Restraint (SIR) Fuse
WINDOWS Delayed Accessory Bus (DAB)
Relay
Horn Relay, Driverand Passenger
SEATS
Lumbar In/Out Relays, Driver and
Passenger Up/Down Relays,
Memory Seat Module, Driver and
Passenger PowerSeat Switch
BAm 3
Ignition 0-Body Fuse,RTD Fuse,
Ignition 0-Engine Fuse, Anti-Lock
Brake System (ABS) Fuse, Turn
Console
IFuse,
I
c
I
IFuse
IUsage
IBATT 2
I
Starter Enable Relay, Park-Neutral
Position Switch, Crank Fuse,
Injector 1 and2 Fuse, Engine
Control System (ECS) Fuse, PCM
Fuse, DIS Fuse, Ignition-1 Fuse,
ACC Fuse
IGN 1"
Front Ignition-1 Relay, Oxygen
Sensor 1 and 2 Fuse, Fuel Fuse,
Cruise Fuse
Starter Relay, PCM Fuse, AC
BATT 1
Compressor Fuse
IBRAKES IABS
Brake
Modulator
I
ICOOL FNS ICooling
Fan
Relays
1,2,3
I * Do not alter OBD
IIrelated fusesor circuitbreakersl
I
1
I
6-59
Rear CompartmentFuse Block
The fuse blockis located on the front wall
of the trunk
(behind therear seat) on the driver’s side. Loosen the
four trunk trim fasteners and pull the trim away from the
fuse block to gain access.
-
GN 0 BODY
RLY IGN i
ACC
ANTENNA
IFuse
CONSOLE
COMFORT
AMP
RR DEFOG
trrOMIR
HTDSEATR
HDLP WASH
IRLY IGN 1*
SIR
CONMNC
PZM
HTDSEATL
RAOlOjPHONE
CLUSTER
PULLDOWN
ELC
RT PARK
IUsage
SDM, Cluster, Cruise in Stalk,
Brake Switch,PZM, Fuel Level
Sensor, Catalytic Converter
Overtemp Amplifier(Export)
SDM
LT PARK
I
I
Usage
PRNDL, Heated Windshield
(Optional), PZM, Cluster, Air
Control Module (ACM), Upper
and Lower Zone Motor,HVAC
Solenoids, Climate Control Panel
(Optional), Rear Defog Relay,
ELC Relay
Cornering LampSwitch, Right
and Left CorneringLamps,
Electronic FlasherModule,
Turn/Hazard Switch, Right and
Left RearTurn Signal Lamps,
Turn Signal
Right and Left Front
Lamps, Repeater Lamps (Export)
Cellular Phone PortableDocking
Station, Washer Circuit Board,
Heated Seat Switch, Rear Zone
Blower, Rightand Left Heated Seat
Switches, Headlamp Wash Relay
CD Player, Remote Function
Actuator (RFA), Controlled Power
Relay, Air ControlModule
(ACM), PZM
tCOMFORT
IFuse
-1
IUsage
AMP
(Optional)
Right and Left Hand Bose Relay,
Right Front and Rear Speaker
(On Door), Left Front and Rear
Speaker {On Door)
PZM
PZM
Radio Receiver, Radio Interface
RADIO/
PHONE
Module (RIM)(Bose Only),
Phone, DAB Relay,Trunk Release
Relay, Fuel Door Release Relay,
High Beam Relay
CLUSTER- Steering Wheel Controls, Cluster
E M , Electrwhromic Minor,Rain
ACC
Sensor (Optional), Accessory Relay
IRR DEFOG Defog
IRear
I
HTDMIR
RightandLeftOutsideHeated
I
IMirror
I
HTD SEAT R Passenger Heated Seat Relay
HTD SEATL Driver Heated Seat Relay
I PULLDOWN Trunk Pull-Down Motor
ELC Relav and Motor
IELC
ANTENNA Power Mast Antenna
1
I
I
I
I
d
Fuse
Usage
-
HDLP WASH Headlamp Wash Relay (Export),
Headlamp Wash Motor
CONVENC Trunk Release Relay, Trunk
Release Solenoid,Fuel Door
Release Relay, Fuel Filler Door
Release Solenoid, Door Lock
Relay, Right and Left Front Door
Motors, Right and Left Rear Door
Motors, Door Unlock Relav
BATT
Driver and Passenger
Seat Lumbar
Switch, Lumbar Switch (Driver
Seat Only), Memory Seat Module
RTD
RTD Module
Front and Rear Park Lamps, Right
Front and Rear Sidemarker
Lamps, Headlamp Switch
(Export), Rear Fog Lamp Relay
(Export), HeadlamD Switch
Left Front and Rear Sidemarker
RK
Lamps, Right and Left Parking
Lamps, License Lamp, Underhood
L ~ D
* Do not alter OBD Ii related fuses or circuit breakers.
6-61
Replacement Bulbs
Application
Number
Application
Number
* License Plate ...........................
194
* Ashtray ...............................
161
* Park and Turn Signal ................. 3 157 NA
* Back-up .............................
2057
* Sidemarker ............................
194
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp ........... 1156’
Stop/’Tail/TurnSignal ................... 2057
3156
Cornering ............................
* T r u n k . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 561
* Courtesy/Reading ....................... 168
“Underhood.............................
561
* GloveCompartment .....................
194
* VanityMirror ..........................
124
Headlamps, Composite
9005
InnerHighBeam .....................
Outer Low Beam .....................
9006
* For service informationon these bulbs, contact you Cadillac dealer service department.
6-62
-.
Capacities and Specifications
LI
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Engine Specifications
Displacement ..........................................
279 cubic inches (4 565 cc)
4.6 L DOHC V8
Type ..........................................................
VIN Engine Code
DeVille ..................................................................
Y
Concours ................................................................
9
Horsepower
DeVille .................................................
275 (bhp) @ 5600 rpm
205 (kW)@ 5600 rpm
Concours ...............................................
300 (bhp) @ 6000 rpm
224 (kW) @ 6000 rpm
Torque
300 (lb-ft) @ 4000 rpm
DeVille ................................................
407 (N-m) @ 4000 rpm
Concours ..............................................
295 (lb-ft) @ 4400 rpm
400 (N-m)@ 4400 rpm
FiringOrder ...................................................
1-2-7-3-4-5-6-8
177-184°F (81-85°C)
Thermostat Starts To Open ...................................
Capacities and Specifications (Continued)
Capacities
Transaxle (4T80-E) .......................................
15 quarts.
Crankcase (Engine Oil with Filter Change) ....................
.7.5 quarts
Engine Cooling System ...................................
12.5 quarts
FuelTank ....... .......................................
20gallons.
R-134a Refrigerant .........................................
2.0 lbs.
Vehicle Dimensions
Wheel Base ....................
; ......................
113.8 inches
209.7inches
Length ...............................................
56.4 inches
Height ................................................
Wid................................................... 76.5inches
Front Tread ............................................
60.9 inches
Rear Tread .............................................
60.9 inches
Wheel Nut Torque .........................................
100 lb-ft
6-64
-.
(14.2 L)
(7.1 L)
(11.8 L)
(75.7 L)
(0.91 kg)
(2 890.5 mm)
(5 326 mm)
(1 432 mm)
(1 943 mm)
(1 546 mm)
(1 546 mm)
(140 N m )
Normal Maintenance Replacement
Parts
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Air Conditioning Refrigerants
Not all air conditioning refrigerants are the same.
~h Filter Element ............. AC Type A1096C If the
airconditioningSySteIl'I in your vehicle needs
25096932refrigerant,besuretheproperrefrigerantisused.
If you're not sure,ask your Cadillac dealer.
............ ACGF-624
Element
Filter
Fuel
Type
25121801
Engine Oil Filter ................ AC Type PF-58
25014377
PCV Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type CV-774C
06487779
Spark Plugs ................... AC Type 41-90
5614236
AC Type 13 1-66
Thermostat ....................
353 1407
Windshield Wiper
Blade (Pin Type) ........... .22 inches (56.5 cm)
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6-65
NOTES
6-66
r
J
I--
-2.,
Section 7 Customer Assistance Information
r
Here you will find out how to contact Cadillac if you
need assistance. This section also tells you
how to obtain
service publications andhow to report any safety
defects.
r
This section includes information on:
The Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Customer Assistance for Text Telephone(TTY)
Users
r
r
r
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
RoadsideService
Gold Key Courtesy Transportation
0
0
BBB Auto Line - Alternative Dispute Resolution
Program
Reporting Safety Defects
Service and Owner Publications
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to your
dealer and Cadillac. Normally, any concern
you may
7-1
have with your vehicle canbe handled by your selling or
servicing dealer.Your dealer has the facility, trained
to
technicians, special tools and up-to-date information
promptly address any issue which may arise.. Cadillac
has empowered its dealersto make decisions and repair
vehicles, and they are eager to resolve your concern to
your complete satisfaction. Ifyour concern has not been
resolved to your satisfaction, take the following steps:
For help outside of the United States and Canada, call
the following numbers as appropriate:
In Mexico: (525) 625-3256
In Puerto Rico: 1-800-496-9992 (English) or
'
0
STEP ONE -- Discuss your concernwith a member of
dealership management. Normally, concerns can be
If the matter has already
quickly resolved at that level.
been reviewed with the Sales, Service, Parts
or Manager,
contact the ownerof the dealershipor the General
Manager.
STEP TWO -- If after contacting a member
of
dealership management,it appears your concern
cannot be resolved by thedealership without further
help, contact the Cadillac Customer Assistance Center,
24 hours a day, by calling 1-800-458-8006. In Canada,
contact GM of Canada Customer Assistance Center in
Oshawa by calling 1-800-263-3777 (English) or
1-800-263-7854 (French).
7-2
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
In the U.S. Virgin Islands: 1-800-496-9994
In the Dominican Republic: 1-800-751-4135
(English) or1 -800-751-4136 (Spanish)
0
In the Bahamas: 1-800-389-0009
0
In Bermuda, Barbados, Antigua and the British
Virgin Islands: 1-800-534-0122
In all other Caribbean countries:1-809-763-1315
0
0
In other overseas locations,call GM North American
Export Sales in Canada at 1-905-644-4 1 12
For prompt assistance, please have
the following
information availableto give the Customer Assistance
Representative:
?--
Your name, address, homeand business telephone
numbers
Vehicle Identification Number (Thisis available
from the vehicle registration or title,
or the plateat
the top left of the instrument panel and visible
through the windshield.)
Dealership name and location
a Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
Nature of concern
We encourage you to call us so we can giveyour inquiry
prompt attention. However,
if you wish to write
Cadillac, write to:
c
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Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
30009 Van Dyke
P.O. Box 9025
Warren, MI 48090-9025
Refer to your Warranty and Owner Assistance
GM
Information booklet for addresses of Canadian and
Overseas offices.
When contacting Cadillac, please remember that your
concern will likely be resolved in the dealership, using
the dealer's facilities, equipment and personnel. That is
why we suggest you followStep One first you
if have a
concern.
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard
of hearing, or
("Ys),
speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones
Cadillac hasTTY equipment available atits Customer
with
Assistance Center. Any TTY user can communicate
Cadillac by dialing: 1-800-833-CMCC. (TTY users in
Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
Roadside Service
Each technician travels with a specially equipped
service vehicle complete with the necessary Cadillac
parts and tools required to handle most roadside repairs.
Cadillac Roadside Service can be reached
by dialing
1-800-882- 1 12,24
1
hours a day,365 days a year. This
service is provided at no charge
for any
warranty-covered situation andfor a nomina1 charge if
the Cadillac is no longer under warranty.
Cadillac Owner Privileges
fM
TOLL-FREE HOTLINE
1=800-882=1112
Cadillac’s exceptional Roadside Serviceis more than an
auto club or towing service.It provides every Cadillac
owner with the advantage
of contacting a Cadillac
advisor and, when appropriate, a Cadillac trained
dealer technician who will provide on-site service.
7-4
Roadside Service provides several CadillacOwner
Privileges at “no charge”, throughout your
1996 Cadillac
Warranty Period - 48 Monthl.50,oOO Miles (83 000 k m . )
TM
....
.
Trip Intemprlon - If your trip is interrupted
due to a warranty failure, incidental expenses
may be reimbursed during the48 months or
50,000 miles/80,000 kilometers warranty period.
Items covered are hotel, meals and rental
car.
Roadside Service Availability
Wherever you drive in the United States or Canada,
an
advisor is available to assistyou over the phone.A
dealer technician, if available, can travelto your
location withina 30 mile/50 kilometer radius,of a
participating Cadillac dealership.If beyond this radius,
we will arrange to have your
car towed to the nearest
Cadillac dealership.
Reaching Roadside Service
Emergency Road Service is performed
on site for the
following situations:
0
TowingService
Battery Jump Starting
Lock Out Assistance
0
FuelDelivery
0
Flat Tire Change (Covers change only)
Dial the toll-free Roadside Service number:
1-800-882- 1112. An experienced Roadside Service
Advisor will assist you and request the following
infomation:
A description of the problem
Name, home address, home telephone number
Location of your Cadillac and numberyou are
calling from
0 The model year, vehicle identification number and
date of delivery
7-5
Roadside Service for the Hearing or Speech
Impaired
Our Cadillac Dealer Technician network is ready and
Roadside Service is prepared
to assist owners who have
able
to assist Cadiliac customers atroadside.
hearing difficultiesor are speech impaired. Cadillac has
installed special telecommunication devices called Text
Telephone (TTY) in the Roadside Service Center.
Any customer who has access to a (TTY) or a
conventional teletypewritercan communicate with
Cadillac by dialing fromthe United States or Canada
1-800-833-CMCC - daily, 24 hours.
d
Shuttle Service
Warranty work can frequently be handled in one day, but
there is no reasonfor you to wait around. Cadillac helps
eliminate inconvenience to you with transportation
alternatives.
Gold Key Courtesy Transportation provides shuttle
service for same day warranty
work. Your Cadillac
dealer can get you where you need
to be with minimal
interruption of your daily schedule.*
Gold Key Courtesy Transportation
One of your Cadillac Owner Privileges
is Gold Key
Courtesy Transportation. It's one more example
of
Cadillac's commitment to provide the services you
expect and deserve as a Cadillac owner.
In Canada, for warranty repairs during the Complete
Vehicle Coverage period in the New Vehicle Limited
Warranty, interim transportation may be available under
the Courtesy Transportation Program. Please consult
your dealer for details.
Miscellaneous Service
Gold Key Courtesy Transportation helps you get where Gold Key Courtesy Transportationalso provides various
reimbursements for overnight repairs, such as
you need tobe when your Cadillacis in the dealership
transportation obtained independently,cab fare or
for warranty service.*
reasonable fuel expenses fora ride providedby another
individual.*
Courtesy Vehicle
Gold Key Courtesy Transportation provides you with
transportation if your car requires warranty repairs.
c
*Please ask aboutspecific Gold Key Courtesy
Transportation be rtefitsofered by your Cadillac dealer.
Your dealer will provideyou with a courtesy vehicleif
one is available.
7-7
Plan Ahead When Possible
Whenever possible, schedulean appointment for your
vehicle’s warranty work. Your Cadillac dealer can then
prepare to meet your alternative transportation needs
and minimize inconveniences typically associated with
warranty repairs.
Owner Responsibilities
There are only two
things which you will be responsible
of your courtesy vehicle.You are
for during the use
GM Participation in BBB AUTO
LINE - Alternative Dispute
Resolution Program*
*This program may notbe available in all states,
depending on state law. Canadian owners refer to your
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information booklet.
General Motors reserves the right to change eligibility
limitations and/or to discontinue
its participation in this
program.
required to provide insurance coverage and replenish the Both Cadillac and your Cadillac dealer are committed to
fuel used.
making sure you are completely satisfied with your new
vehicle. Our experience has shown that,
if a situation
In many cases your own auto insurance policy may
arises where you feel your concern has not been
provide primary coverage for the courtesy vehicle,
adequately addressed, the Customer Satisfaction
similar to rental car agreements. Please, check
with your
Procedure described earlier in this section is very
insurance company to be certain what’s covered.
successful.
This service is provided to
you under the terms of the
There may be instances where an impartial third party
New Vehicle Warranty, therefore, it is imperative that
your vehicle 6e picked up from the dealership at the can assist in arrivingat a solution to a disagreement
of the New
completion of the warranty service. Vehicles not picked regarding vehicle repairs or interpretation
Vehicle Limited Warranty.To assist in resolving these
up in a timely fashionmay incur rental fees charged to
disagreements, Cadillac voluntarily participates
in BBB
the customer.
AUTO LINE.
7-8
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BBB AUTO LINE is an out-of-court program
administered by the Better Business Bureau system
to
settle disputes between customers and automobile
manufacturers. This programis available freeof charge
to customers who currently own or leaseGM
a vehicle.
We prefer you utilize the Customer Satisfaction
Procedure beforeyou resort to AUTO LINE, but YOU
may contact the BBB at any time. The
BBB will attempt
an intermediary
to resolve the complaint serving as
between you and Cadillac.If this mediation is
unsuccessful, an informal hearingwill be scheduled
If you are not satisfied after following the Customer
may present their case to an
Satisfaction Procedure, you may contact the BBB using where eligible customers
impartial third-party arbitrator.
the toll-free telephone number, or write them at the
following address:
The arbitrator will make a decision which you
may
accept or reject. If you accept the decision, GM will be
BBB AUTO LINE
bound by that decision.The entire dispute resolution
Council of Better Business Bureaus
40 days from the
procedure should ordinarily take about
4200 Wilson Boulevard
time you file a claim until a decision
is made.
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203
Telephone: 1-800-955-5 100
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To file a claim,you will be asked to provide your name
(VIN),
and address, your Vehicle Identification Number
and a statementof the nature of your complaint.
Eligibility is limited by vehicle age and mileage, and
other factors.
Some state laws may require youto use this program
before filing a claim with a state-run arbitration progr
or in the courts. For further information, contact the
BBB at 1-800-955-5 100 or the Cadillac Customer
Assistance Center at1-800-458-8006.
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO THE UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO THE CANADIAN
GOVERNMENT
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which couldIf you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
or death, you should
cause a crash or could cause injury
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
immediately inform the National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration(NHTSA), in addition to
Motors of Canada Limited. You maywrite to:
notifying General Motors.
Transport Canada
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open
an
Box 8880
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists
in
Ottawa, Ontario K1G 3J2
a group of vehicles, itmay order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you,
your dealer,or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you mayeither callthe Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in the
Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the Hotline.
7-10
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO GENERAL MOTORS
CL
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Service and Owner Publications
In additionto notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada)
in a situationlike this, we certainly hope you’ll notify
us. Please call us at our Customer Assistance Center,
1-800-458-8006 or write:
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac MotorCar Division
30009 Van Dyke
P.O. Box 9025
Warren, MI 48090-9025
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motorsof Canada Limited
Customer Assistance Center
1908 ColonelSam Drive
Oshawa, OntarioLlH 8P7
Service manuals, service bulletins, owner’s manuals and
other service literature are available for purchase for a
current and many past model GeneralMotors vehicles.
,Toll-free telephone numbers for ordering information:
United States . . . 1-800-55 1-4123
Canada . . . . . . . . 1-800-668-5539
c
7-11
Service Manuals
service; others will describe expensive service. Some
will adviseof new or unexpected conditions, and others
Service manuals contain diagnostic and repair
may help avoid future costly repairs. Service bulletins
information for all chassis and body systems. They may are meant for qualified technicians.
In some ,cases
be useful for owners who wish to get
a greater
bulletins referto service manuals, specialized tools,
understanding of their vehicle. They are also useful
for
to service
equipment and safety procedures necessary
owners with the appropriate skill level or training who the vehicle. Since these bulletins are issued throughout
wish to perform “do-it-yourself’ service. These are
an index is required and
the model year and beyond,
authentic General Motors service manuals meant for
published quarterlyto help identify specific bulletins.
professional, qualified technicians.
Subscriptions are available. You can order an index at
the toll-free numbers listed previously, or ask
GMa
Service Bulletins
dealer to seean index or individual bulletin.
Service bulletins coveringvarious subjects are regularly
Owner Publications
GM monitors
sent to all General Motors dealerships.
product performance in the field. When service methods Owner’s manuals, warranty folders and various owner
are found which promote better service GM
on vehicles,
with general
assistance booklets provide owners
bulletins are created to help the technician perform
operation and maintenance information.
better service. Service bulletins may involve any
number of vehicles. Some will describe inexpensive
7-12
7
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F
NOTES
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7-13
NOTES
7-14
.....
e
Section 8 Index
c
2-
.
.
A / C Off For Engine Protection Message . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-76
1-20
AirBag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How Does it Restrain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-24
1-22
HowitWorks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-22
1.22.2.64
Readiness Light .........................
1-26
Servicing ...................................
What Makes it Inflate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-24
What Will You See After it Inflates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-25
When Should it Inflate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-24
6-14
Aircleaner ....................................
3-5
AirConditioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Air Conditioning Refrigerants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-64. 6-65
Air Control, Climate Control System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
2- 12
Alarm. Theft-Deterrent ..........................
6-41
Alignment and Balance. Tire ......................
6-50
Aluminum Wheels, Cleaning ......................
3-32
Antenna,Power ................................
6-20
Antifreeze .....................................
Anti-Lock
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-6
Brake System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-67. 4-6
2-6
Anti-LockoutFeature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-29
Anti-Theft.Radio ..............................
AppearanceCare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-44
Appearance Care Materials Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-52
2-76
Apply Brake to Shift Message .....................
7-8
Arbitration Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Armrest.Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-52
2-53
Ashtrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-55
Assist Handles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-56
Astroroof . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Audio Controls. Steering Wheel Touch Control . . . . . . . 3-29
3-30
Audio Equipment. Adding ........................
3-10
Audio Systems .................................
Automatic
2-4
DoorLocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-21
Overdrive ...................................
2-11
Pull-Down Feature ............................
2-19
Shifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-17
Transaxle Fluid ...............................
2-19
Transaxle Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-29
Charging System Indicator Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-65
2-45
GuardStorage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inadvertent Power Saver .......................
2-45
5-3
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
No Charge Message ...........................
2-76
2-8
Replacement. Keyless Entry .....................
2-77
Volts High Message ...........................
Volts Low Message ...........................
2-77
-
8-1
Warnings ................................
5.3. 5.5
BBB Auto Line .................................
7-8
Better Business Bureau Mediation ................... 7-8
Brake
6-28
Adjustment ..................................
. Fluid .......................................
6-26
Master Cylinder ..............................
6-26
Parking ......................................2-23
Pedal Travel .................................
6-28
Replacing System Parts ........................
6-28
System Warning Light ......................... 2-65
Trailer ......................................
4-35
Transaxle Shift Interlock .......................
2-27
Wear ........................................
6-27
Brake Vacuum Problem Message .................. 2-77
Brakes. Anti-Lock ...............................
4-6
Braking ........................................
4- 5
Braking in Emergencies ..........................
4- 10
2- 14
Break-In, New Vehicle ..........................
Brightness Control ..............................
2-43
BTSI .........................................
2-27
Bulb Replacement ..............................
6-29
Capacities and Specifications ............... 6.63. 6.64
Carbon Monoxide ....................
2.28.4.28. 4.35
Cassette Tape Player .................. 3.12.3.16. 3.23
Cassette Tape Player Care ........................
3-31
Cassette Tape Player Errors ............. 3- 12.3.17. 3.24
Cellular Telephone ..............................
2-55
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp Bulb Replacement.... 6-32
Center Passenger Position ........................
1-28
Central Door Unlocking System ....................
2-3
CertificatiodI'ire Label ..........................
4-30
Chains.Safety ..................................
4-35
Chains. Tire ...................................
6-43
Change Engine OiI Message ......................
2-77
Change Trans Fluid Message ......................
2-77
Changing a Flat Tire .............................
5-25
Charging System Indicator Light ................... 2-65
Check Brake Fluid Level Message ................. 2-77
Check Coolant Level Message .....................
2-78
Check Fuel Gage Message ........................
2-78
Check Oil Level Message ........................
2-78
Check Washer Fluid Message .....................
2-78
Checking Your Restraint Systems .................. 1-47
Chemical Paint Spotting ..........................
6-51
ChildRestraints ................................
1-35
Securing in a Rear Outside Seat Position ........... 1-37
Securing in the Center Rear Seat Position .......... 1-39
Securing in the Right Front Seat Position .......... 1-41
TopStrap ....................................
1-36
WheretoPut ................................
1-35
Chrome Wheels. Cleaning ........................
6-50
CigaretteLighter ...............................
2-54
Circuit Breakers and Fuses ....................... 6-55
Cleaner.Air ...................................
6-14
Cleaning ......................................
6-44
Aluminum or Chrome Wheels ................... 6-50
Fabric ......................................6-45
Glass .......................................
6-48
Inside of Your Cadillac ........................
6-44
..
8-2
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.
.
InstrumentPanel .............................6-47
6-47
Leather .....................................
6-49
Outside of Your Cadillac .......................
6-47
SpeakerCovers ..............................
6-46
Special Problems .............................
Stains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-46
Tires ....................................... 6-50
6-46
Vinyl .......................................
Wheels ..................................... 6-50
Windshield and Wiper Blades ................... 6-48
Clock. Setting the ............................... 3-10
Coinholder .................................... 2-52
Comfort Controls ................................
3-1
Comfort Controls. Steering Wheel Touch Control ...... 3-9
Compact Disc Care .............................
3-31
Compact Disc Player ....................... 3.18. 3.25
Compact Disc PlayerErrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3.21.3.28
Compact Spare Tire ............................. 5-35
Compass. Rearview Mirror with ................... 2-48
Control of a Vehicle .............................. 4-5
Convenience Net ............................... 2-53
2-51
Convex Outside Mirror ..........................
Coolant ....................................... 6-20
Heater. Engine ............................... 2- 17
SurgeTank .............................
5.18.5.20
Cooling System ................................
5-1 8
Cornering Lamp Bulb Replacement ................6-31
2-41
Cornering Lamps ...............................
2-44
Courtesy Lamps ................................
Courtesy Transportation ........................... 7-7
Cruise Control ................................. 2-36
Cruise Engaged Message .........................
2-78
Cupholders .................................... 2-52
Customer Assistance for Text Telephone Users ......... 7-3
Customer Assistance Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
Customer Satisfaction Procedure .................... 7-1
Damage. Finish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-51
Damage. Sheet Metal ............................ 6-50
Daytime Running Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-41
DeadBattery ...................................
5-3
Defects. Reporting Safety ................... 7.10. 7. 11
Defensive Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-1
Defogger.RearWindow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Defogging
... ................................. 3-4.3-8
Defrosting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.4, 3.8
DIC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-74
Dimensions.Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-64
Dolby@B Noise Reduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3- 13.3.18. 3.25
Door
2-3
Central Unlocking System .......................
2-3
Locks .......................................
2-52
Storage Compartments .........................
2-78
Door Open Message .............................
2-78
Driver Door Open Message .......................
2-74
Driver Information Center ........................
Driver Information Center Messages ................ 2-76
DriverPosition ................................. 1-12
Driver’s Outside Auto-Dimming Rearview Mirror ..... 2-51
8-3
Driving
City ........................................4-20
4-1
Defensive ....................................
Drunken ..................................... 4-2
Freeway ....................................4-21
InaBlizzard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-27
In ForeignCountries ...........................
6-3
In the Rain .................................. 4- 17
Night ...................................... 4-15'
OnCurves .................................. 4-10
On Grades While Towing a Trailer ............... 4-38
On Hill and Mountain Roads .................... 4-23
4-26
On Snow and Ice .............................
Throughwater ............................... 4-19
WetRoads .................................. 4-17
Winter ...................................... 4- 25
With a Trailer ................................ 4-36
DrunkenDriving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Identification ................................
6-53
Overheating .................................
5-15
2-28
Running While Parked .........................
Specifications ................................
6-63
StartingYour ................................2-16
2-68
Temperature Warning Light .....................
Engine Coolant Hot-Idle Engine Message ........... 2-78
6-9
EngineOil .....................................
Adding ..................................... 6-10
Additives ...................................
6-12
Checking ...................................
6-10
6-13
Used .......................................
When to Change ..............................
6-13
2-75
English/Metric Button ...........................
6-3
Ethanol ........................................
2-28
Exhaust. Engine ................................
Express-Down Window ..........................
2-30
2-43
Exterior Lighting Battery Saver ....................
ECC......................................... 3-1
Fabric Cleaning ...............................
6-45
Fan Control. Climate Control System ................ 3-2
Filling Your Tank ................................
6-4
Filter.Air ..................................... 6-14
Finish Care ....................................6-49
Finish Damage ................................. 6-51
2-22
First (1). Automatic Transaxle .....................
Flashers. Hazard Warning .........................
5-1
2-32
Flash-To-Pass Feature ...........................
5-25
Flat Tire. Changing .............................
Floor Mats .................................... 2-55
Electrical Equipment. Adding . . . . . . . . . . . 2.17.3.30. 6.54
6-54
Electrical System ...............................
Electrochromic Daymight Rearview Mirror ..... 2.46.2.48
3- 1
Electronic Climate Control ........................
Electronic Level Control ......................... 2-83
Electronic Solar Sensor ...........................
3-5
Engine ........................................ 6-8
Coolant .....................................
6-20
Coolant Heater ............................... 2- 17
Exhaust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-28
FuseBlock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-55
8-4
.
..
1
-
1
.
..
-
cy
Manual
c
c
en
c
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Language
Fluid Capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-64
Foreign Countries. Fuel ...........................6-3..
..........................- 1 1
French
Front Storage Armrest ........................... 2-52
FrontTowing ..............................
5.8. 5.11
Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
DataPanel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-73
DoorRelease .................................
6-4
Filling Your Tank .............................. 6-4
Gage .......................................
2- 72
In Foreign Countries ...........................
6-3
Fuel Level Very Low Message .....................
2-79
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ....................... 6-55
Hearing Impaired. Customer Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
Heated Seats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
Heated Windshield . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
Heating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
High-Beam Headlamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-32
Highway Hypnosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-23
Hill and Mountain Roads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-23
Hitches. Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-35
Hood
Checking Things Under . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-6
Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7
Horn ......................................... 2-30
Hydraulic Brake Warning Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-65
Hydroplaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-19
Gage. Fuel ................................... 2-72
GAWR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30 . Ignition Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
Illuminated Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-43
Gear Positions, Automatic Transaxle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2- 19
Illuminated Rear Seat Visor Vanity Mirror ........... 2-55
GloveBox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-52
Illuminated Visor Vanity Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-55
Gross Axle Weight Rating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30
Inadvertent Power Battery Saver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-45
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30..
Inflation. Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-36
Guide
11
.................................
InstrumentPanel ...............................
2-60
GVWR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-30
Brightness Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-43
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-47
Halogen Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-29
Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-62
Hazara Warning Flashers .......................... 5- 1
Interior Lamps .................................
2-43
Head Restraints ................................. 1-7
Headlamps ....................................
2-40
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-28
Bulb Replacement ............................
6-30
Tire
ack.
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Highbow Beam Changer ......................
2-32
Wiring .....................................
6-5 4
J
.
8-5
Keyless Entry System ...........................
Keys ..........................................
2-6
2-1
Labels
CertificationlTire .............................
4-30
6-53
Service Parts Identification .....................
4-29
Tire-Loading Information ......................
Vehicle Identification Number ................... 6-53
Lamps ........................................
2-40
Interior ..................................... 2-43
2-43
Monitor : ...................................
2-41
On Reminder ................................
2-43
Panel .......................................
2-6
Leaving Your Vehicle .............................
Leaving Your Vehicle with the Engine Running ....... 2-26
2-83
Level Control. Electronic .........................
2-42
Light Sensor ...................................
Lighter .......................................
2-54
Lights
Air Bag Readiness ....................... 1-22. 2-64
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning............ 2-67. 4-6
Brake System Warning .........................
2-65
2-65
ChargingSystem .............................
Coolant Temperature Warning ................... 2-68
Oil Pressure .................................
2-71
2-66
Parking Brake Indicator ........................
Safety Belt Reminder ...................... 1-7. 2-64
Service Engine Soon .......................... 2-69
Traction Control System Warning ............ 2-67. 4-9
Loading YourVehicle ........................... 4-29
Locks *
Anti-LockoutFeature ..........................2-6
Automatic Door ...............................
2-4
Door ........................................
2-3
PowerDoor ..................................
2-4
Programmable Automatic Door ................... 2-4
2-5
Rear Door Security .............................
2-10
Trunk Reiease ................................
LumbarControls ................................
1-2
MAGNASTEER
............................ 4- i o
TM
Maintenance. Normal Replacement Parts ............ 6-65
Maintenance. Underbody .........................6-51
Maintenance When Trailer Towing.................4-40
Malfunction Indicator Lamp ......................
2-69
MapLamps ...................................
2-44
MapPocket ...................................
2-52
Matching Transmitter(s)To Your Vehicle ............. 2-8
MaxiFuse/Relay Center ..........................
6-58
Methanol ......................................
6-3
Mirrors .............................
2-46.2-48. 2-51
2-51
ConvexOutside ..............................
Driver’s Outside Auto-Dimming Rearview ......... 2-51
Electrochromic Daymight Rearview ......... 2.46.2.48
2-51
Power Remote Control .........................
Visor Vanity ................................. 2-55
Monitored Systems OK Message ...................2-79
4-23
Mountain Roads ................................
2-31
Multifunction Lever .............................
N e t . Convenience .............................. 2-53
Neutral (N). Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-21
New Vehicle Break-In ........................... 2-14
Nightvision ...................................
4-16
.
.
1
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.
8-6
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Odometer ....................................
2-63
2-75
Odometer. Trip ..................................
Off-Road Recovery .............................
4- 12
6-9
Oil. Engine .....................................
2-83
Oil Life Indicator ...............................
2-7 1
Oil Pressure Light ..............................
Operation ......................................
2-7
Overdrive (0).Automatic Transaxle .... :........... 2-21
Overheated Engine'ProtectionOperating Mode ....... 5-15
5- 15
Overheating Engine .............................
7- 12
Owner Publications .............................
6-51
P a i n t Spotting. Chemical ........................
Park (P)
Automatic Transaxle ..........................
2- 19
2-24
Shifting Into .................................
Shifting Out of .............. ................ 2-27
Parking
2-11
AtNight ....................................
2-23
Brake ......................................
2-66
Brake Indicator Light..........................
Lots .......................................
2-11
2-27
Over Things ThatBum ........................
4-39
WithaTrailer ................................
Pass Key Not Programmed Message .................2-79
4-13
Passing ......................................
2-13
PASS-Key II ..................................
PCM Fault Message .............................
2-79
.
Power
AntennaMastCare ............................
3-32
2-4
DoorLocks ...................................
6-54
OptionFuses ................................
Remote Control Mirror ........................
2-51
.
Retained Accessory ...........................
2-16
1-5
Seatback Recliner ...............................
4-10
steering ......................................
6-24
Steering fluid ................................
Windows ...................................
2-29
1-1
PowerSeat .....................................
1-2
LumbarControls ..............................
1-3
MemoryFunction ..............................
1-27
Pregnancy. Use of Safety Belts ....................
5-1
Problems on the Road ............................
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ............... 2-4
Publications. Service and Owner ................... 7-11
2-11
Pull-Down Feature. Automatic ....................
3-30
R a d i o Reception ..............................
3.10.3-14.3.22
Radios .............................
4-17
Rain. DrivingIn ................................
2-34
Rainsense Wipers ...............................
RAP .........................................
2-16
2-44
ReadingLamps ................................
Rear
6-60
Compartment Fuse Block .......................
Door Security Locks ...........................
2-5
1-29
Outside Seat Position ..........................
1-29
SeatPassengers ..............................
2-52
Storage Armrest ..............................
Towing .................................
5.9.5.13
3-9
WmdowDefogger .............................
2-30
WmdowLockout .............................
Rearview Mirror. Electrochromic Daymight .... 2.46.2.48
Reclining Front Seatbacks .........................
1-5
Reduced Engine Power Message ................... 2-79
Refrigerants. Air-conditioning ............... 6.64.6.65
8-7
Remote Fuel Door Release ........................
6-4
Remove Key Message ...........................
2-79
Replacement
Bulbs ......................................6-62
Parts ....................................... 6-65
6-42
Wheel ......................................
Replacing Safety Belts ...........................
1-47
7- 1.0,7- 11
Reporting Safety Defects ....................
Restraints
Checking ...................................
1-47
Child .......................................
1-35
1-7
Head ........................................
Replacing Parts After a Crash ................... 1-47
2- 16
Retained Accessory Power ........................
Reverse (R),Automatic Transaxle .................. 2-20
1-27
Right Front Passenger Position ....................
RKE ..........................................
2-6
Road Sensing Suspension ........................
2-82
7-4
RoadsideService ................................
RockingYourVehicle ...........................
5-37
Rotation, Tires ................................. 6-37
RSS ......................................... 2-82
Safety Belt Extender ............................ 1-47
SafetyBelts .................................... 1-7
Adults ...................................... 1-12
Care ....................................... 6-48
1-28
Center Passenger Position ......................
Children .................................... l-33
Driver Position ............................... 1 - 12
Extender ....................................
1-47
1-12
How to Wear Properly .........................
IncorrectUsage ..... 1-16. 1-17. 1-18, 1-19. 1-45, 1-46
LapBelt .................................... 1-28
843
Lap-Shoulder ........................... 1 - 12.1.29
1-44
LargerChildren ..............................
1.11
Questions and Answers ........................
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions ............ 1-29
Rear Seat Passengers ..........................
1-29
Reminder Light ..........................1.7.2.64
1-47
Replacing After a Crash ........................
Right Front Passenger Position .................. 1-27
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster ................... 1-14
Shoulder Belt Tightness Adjustment .............. 1-14
1-33
Smaller Children and Babies ....................
Use During Pregnancy ......................... 1-27
WhyTheyWork ............................... 1-8
4-35
SafetyChains ..................................
Safety Defects. Reporting ................... 7-10. 7. 11
xi
Safety Warnings and Symbols .......................
Seatback
Power Recliner ................................1-5
RecliningFront ............................... 1-5
Seats
Heated ...................................... 1-4
Lumbar Control ...............................
1-2
Power .......................................1-1
Restraint Systems ..............................
1.1
SeatControls ................................. 1-1
Securing a Child Restraint ............ 1.37.1.39.1-41
Second (2). Automatic Transaxle ...................2-22
2-10
SecurityOverride ...............................
Service ........................................ 6-1
A/C System A/C Compressor Off Message ......... 2-79
2-79
AirBagMessage .............................
Brake Fluid Switch Message .................... 2-80
Bulletins. Ordering ............................ 7-11
Charging System Message ...................... 2-80
1
.
d
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..
d
r
r
r
r
r
I
r
r
Electrical System Message ......................
2-80
2-80
Emissions System Message .....................
Engine Cooling System Message .................2-80
2-69
Engine Soon Light ............................
2-80
Fuel System Message ..........................
Idle Control System Message ................... 2-80
2-80
Ignition System Message ........................
7-1 1
Manuals. Ordering ............................
6-53
Parts Identification Label .......................
7- 11
Publications. Ordering .........................
Ride Control Message .........................
2-80
2-80
Transmission Message .........................
6- 1
Work. Doing Your Own .........................
Service and Appearance Care ......................
6-1
Service and Owner Publications ................... 7-1 1
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Cadillac .......... 1-26
6-50
Sheet Metal Damage ............................
2-19
ShiftLever ....................................
Shifting
2- 19
Automatic Transaxle ..........................
Into Park (P).................................
2-24
2-27
Out of Park (P)................................
1- 14
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster.....................
Shoulder Belt Tightness Adjustment ................ 1- 14
2-31
SignalingTurns ................................
S R ..........................................
1-20
4-14
Skidding ......................................
3-30
Sound Equipment. Adding ........................
Compact .............................
5-35
Spare
Speaker Covers. Cleaning ........................
6-47
Specifications and Capacities ................. 6-63. 6-64
6-63
Specifications. Engine ...........................
Speech Impaired. Customer Assistance ............... 7-3
2-80
Speed Sensor Fault Message ......................
Tire.
Speedometer ................................... 2-63
SSS ..........................................4-10
6-46
Stains, Cleaning ................................
Starting Disabled DueTo Theft System Remove
Ignition Key Message ..........................
2-81
Starting Your Engine ............................
2-16
Steam ..............................5-16,s-17, 5-20
Steering ......................................
4-10
In Emergencies ............................... 4-11
MAGNASTEER ............................. 4-10
4-10
Power ......................................
Speedsensitive ..............................
4-10
Tips ........................................ 4-10
Wheel, Tilt ..................................
2-31
Steering Wheel Touch Control ................. 3-9, 3-29
Stop Engine Low Oil Pressure Message ............. 2-81
Stop Engine Overheated Message...................2-81
Storage Compartments ........................... 2-52
Storage, Vehicle ................................ 6-29
Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Iceor Snow .................. 5-36
2-54
SunVisors ....................................
Supplemental Inflatable Restraint ...................1-20
5-18, 5-20
Surge Tank, Coolant ........................
Surge Tank Pressure Cap ..........................6-23
xiii
Symbols,Vehicle ................................
Taillamp Bulb Replacement ...................... 6-33
TapePlayerCare ............................... 3-31
Telephone,Cellular ............................. 2-55
Temperature Control, Climate Control System ......... 3-2
Theft .........................................
2-11
Theft System ProbledCar May Not Restart Message . . 2-81
Theft-Deterrent System .......................... 2-12
8-9
Theft-Deterrent Audio Feature .................... 3-29
6-23
Thermostat ....................................
Third (3). Automatic Transaxle .................... 2-22
2-3 1
Tilt Steering Wheel .............................
3- 10
Time. Setting the ...............................
6-43
Tire Chains ....................................
Tire-Loading Information Label ................... 4-29
6-36
Tires .........................................
Alignment and Balance ........................ 6-41
6-39
Buying New .................................
Chains ..................................... 6-43
5-25
Changing a Flat ..............................
6-50
Cleaning ....................................
Compact Spare ...............................
5-35
6-36
Inflation ....................................
Inspection and Rotation ........................ 6-37
4-29
Loading ....................................
Pressure .................................... 6-36
Temperature ................................. 6-41
6-41
Traction ....................................
Treadwear ................................... 6-40
6-40
Uniform Quality Grading .......................
6-39
WearIndicators ..............................
6-42
Wheel Replacement ...........................
6-39
When It’s Time for New .......................
Top Speed Fuel Cut-Off Message .................. 2-81
1-36
TopStrap .....................................
2-26
Torque Lock ...................................
Torque. Wheel Nut ......................... 5-32. 6-64
4-31
TowingaTrailer ................................
Towing Your Vehicle .............................
5-8
Traction
2-82
Active ......................................
Active Message ............................... 4-8
8-10
Control System ................................
4-8
Control System Warning Light .............. 2.67.4.9
2-81
OffMessage ..................................
2-81
ReadyMessage ..............................
Trailer
4-35
Brakes .....................................
Driving on Grades ............................ 4-38
4-36
Driving with ..................................
4-35
Hitches .....................................
4-40
Maintenance When Towing .....................
4-39
Parking on Hills ..............................
4-35
Safety Chains ................................
4-33
Tongueweight ...............................
4-34
Total Weight on Tires ..........................
4-31
Towing .....................................
4-38
TurnSignals .................................
4-33
Weight .....................................
4-36
Wiring Harness ...............................
Transaxle Fluid
6-17
Automatic ...................................
2-81
Reset Message ...............................
2-82
Transmission Hot Message .........................
Transmitters
Keyless Entry .................................
2-6
Universal ...................................
2-57
7-7
Transportation, Courtesy ..........................
TripComputer .................................
2-82
2-75
Trip Odometer .................................
Tnrnk
Automatic Pull-Down Feature ................... 2-11
LockRelease ................................ 2-10
Mounted CD Changer ....................
3- 18, 3-25
OpenMessage ............................... 2-82
2-10
SecurityOverride .............................
-
.
J
3
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Warnings
TTETUsers .....................................
7-3
Turn Signal and Lane Change Signals............... 2-3 I
Turn Signal On Chime ...........................
2-32
Turn Signal On Message .........................
2-82
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever................... 2-3 1
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer ................4-38
Twilight Sentinel ...............................
2-42
Underbody Maintenance ........................
6-5 1
2-41
UnderhoodLamp ...............................
Universal Transmitter ................. 1 .......... 2-57
Vehicle
Control ......................................
4-5
.............................. x11..
Damage
Dimensions .................................
6-64
Identification Number .........................
6-53
Loading ....................................
4-29
Speed Limitedto XXX MPH Message ............ 2-82
Storage .....................................
6-29
Ventilation System ...............................
3-6
Very Low Refrigerant A/C Compressor Off Message ... 2-82
Visors. S U .....................................
~
2-54
w a r n i n g Devices ...............................
5-3
Warning Lights. Gages and Indicators ............... 2-63
Washer Fluid. Windshield ........................
6-24
Washing Your Vehicle ...........................
6-49
Weatherstrips ..................................
6-48
Wheel
6-41
Alignment ..................................
NutTorque .............................
5-32. 6.64
Replacement .................................
6-42
Wrench .....................................
5-28
Windows .....................................
2-29
Express-Down ...............................
2-30
Power ......................................
2-29
Rear Lockout ................................
2-30
Windshield.Heated ..............................3-7
WindshieldWasher .............................
2-35
Fluid ..................................
2.35. 6.24
WindshieldWiper ..............................
2-33
BladeReplacement ...........................
6-35
Fuses ......................................
6-54
Winter Driving .................................
4-25
Wiring. Headlamp ..............................
6-54
Wood Panels. Care ..............................
6-47
WreckerTowing .................................
5-8
Wrench. Wheel .................................
5-28
r
r
r
_ .
s-11
NOTES
8-12
2563721I