USER’S GUIDE
P
英
WK1800-E-1
WK1800_E_Cov1-2.p65
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GUIDELINES LAID DOWN BY FCC RULES FOR USE OF THE UNIT IN THE U.S.A. (not applicable to other
areas).
NOTICE
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part
15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in
a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does
cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off
and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
FCC WARNING
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user’s
authority to operate the equipment.
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Welcome...
To the happy family of satisfied CASIO electronic musical instrument owners! To get the most
out of the many features and functions of the keyboard, be sure to carefully read this manual
and keep it on hand for future reference.
Important!
When using batteries, be sure to replace them or shift to one of the alternate power sources
whenever you notice any of the following symptoms.
• Dim power supply indicator
• Instrument does not turn on
• Display that is flickering, dim, or difficult to read
• Abnormally low speaker/headphone volume
• Distortion of sound output
• Occasional interruption of sound when playing at high volumes
• Sudden power failure when playing at high volumes
• Flickering or dimming of the dispaly when playing at high volume
• Continued sound output even after you release a key
• A totally different tone may sound
• Abnormal rhythm pattern and demo tune play
• Loss of power, sound distortion, or low volume when playing from a connected computer
or MIDI device
• Sudden power failure while reading from or writing to a diskette (WK-1800 only)
CASIO ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
Unit 6, 1000
North Circular Road
London NW2 7JD, U.K.
This mark is valid in the EU countries only.
Please keep all information for future reference.
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Safety Precautions
Symbols
Various symbols are used in this operating manual and
on the product itself to ensure that the product is used
safely and correctly, and to prevent injury to the user
and other persons as well as damage to property. Those
symbols along with their meanings are shown below.
!
WARNING
This indication stipulates matters that have the risk
of causing death or serious injury if the product is
operated incorrectly while ignoring this indication.
!
CAUTION
This indication stipulates matters that have the risk
of causing injury as well as matters for which there is
the likelihood of occurrence of physical damage only
if the product is operated incorrectly while ignoring
this indication.
Symbol Examples
This triangle symbol ( ) means that the
user should be careful. (The example at left
indicates electrical shock caution.)
This circle with a line through it ( ) means
that the indicated action must not be performed. Indications within or nearby this
symbol are specifically prohibited. (The example at left indicates that disassembly is
prohibited.)
The black dot ( ) means that the indicated
action must be performed. Indications within
this symbol are actions that are specifically
instructed to be performed. (The example at
left indicates that the power plug must be
unplugged from the electrical socket.)
! WARNING
Please use caution regarding the handling of the AC
adaptor.
• Do not use a voltage other than the indicated power supply voltage. Use of a voltage other than that indicated may cause
fire or electrical shock.
• If the power cord should become damaged
(exposed wires, disconnection, etc.), purchase a new AC adaptor. Use of a damaged
power cord may cause fire or electrical
shock.
• Do not cut or damage the power cord. Also
do not place heavy objects on top of it or
subject it to excessive heat. Damage to the
power cord may cause fire or electrical
shock.
• Do not attempt to shape the power cord or
subject it to excessive bending, twisting or
pulling. This may cause fire or electrical
shock.
• Please use the adaptor specified for this instrument. Use of another adaptor may cause
fire, electrical shock, or malfunction.
Do not locate the instrument or its stand on an uneven
or unstable surface.
• Locating the instrument or its stand on an
uneven or unstable surface can cause it to
fall, creating the danger of personal injury.
Do not place containers containing water or other liquids on the instrument.
• Do not place the following objects on the
instrument. Placing such objects on the instrument may cause fire or electrical shock
if they spill and get inside the instrument.
• Containers filled with water or other liquids (including vases, potted plants, cups,
cosmetics and medicines)
• Small metal objects (including hairpins,
sewing needles and coins)
• Flammable objects
In the event a foreign object should happen
to get inside the instrument, please take the
following actions:
1. Turn power off.
2. Unplug the AC adaptor from the wall
outlet.
3. If there are any batteries loaded in the
keyboard, remove them.
• Do not touch the batteries directly with
your hands when removing them. They
may be hot or battery fluid may be leaking from them.
4. Consult with the dealer where you purchased the keyboard or with an authorized CASIO service provider.
Do not disassemble or modify the instrument.
• Never attempt of take apart or modify the
instrument, its accessories, or separately
sold options. Doing so may cause fire, electrical shock or malfunction. Consult your
dealer concerning all inspection, adjustment
or repair of internal components.
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Do not use if there is an abnormality or malfunction.
• Do not use the instrument if there appear
to be abnormalities such as the presence of
smoke or abnormal odor. Also do not use
the instrument if there appear to be malfunctions such as the power not coming on
or sound not being produced. Use under
such conditions may cause fire or electrical
shock. In such cases, take the following actions immediately. Never attempt to repair
the instrument yourself.
1. Turn power off.
2. Unplug the AC adaptor from the wall
outlet.
3. If there are any batteries loaded in the
keyboard, remove them.
• Do not touch the batteries directly with
your hands when removing them. They
may be hot or battery fluid may be leaking from them.
4. Consult with the dealer where you purchased the keyboard or with an authorized CASIO service provider.
When the instrument has been dropped:
• In the case the instrument has been dropped
or damaged, take the following actions.
Continued use may cause fire or electrical
shock.
1. Turn power off.
2. Unplug the AC adaptor from the wall
outlet.
3. If there are any batteries loaded in the
keyboard, remove them.
• Do not touch the batteries directly with
your hands when removing them. They
may be hot or battery fluid may be leaking from them.
4. Consult with the dealer where you purchased the keyboard or with an authorized CASIO service provider.
Be careful of the bags around children.
• Never allow anyone to place the plastic bags
of the instrument, its accessories, and its
separately sold options over their heads.
Doing so may cause suffocation. Particular
caution is required in homes with small
children.
! CAUTION
AC Adaptor
• Do not locate the power cord in close proximity to heaters or other heating appliances.
This may cause the cord to melt leading to
possible fire or electrical shock.
• When unplugging the AC adaptor from an
electrical outlet, always make sure to pull
on the adaptor itself and not the cord. Pulling excessively on the cord may cause it to
be damaged or break leading to possible
fire or electrical shock.
• Do not touch the AC adaptor with wet
hands when it is plugged in. This may cause
electrical shock.
• When not using the instrument for an extended period such as when traveling, always make sure to unplug the AC adaptor
from the electrical outlet for safety reasons.
• After use turn off the power switch of the
instrument and unplug the AC adaptor
from the electrical outlet.
• At least once a year, unplug the AC adaptor
from the power outlet and clean the area around
the prongs of the plug. Dust build up around
the prongs can create the danger of fire.
Batteries
• Improper battery use may cause batteries
to rupture and leak. This may cause injury,
malfunction of the instrument or discoloration of furniture and other articles that come
into contact with battery fluid. Take care to
observe the following.
• Install batteries so their polarity (+/–)
matches that indicated on the instrument.
• For safety and to prevent possible leakage
of battery fluid, always make sure to remove batteries from the instrument when
you do not plan to use it for a long time.
• Always make sure that the batteries making up a set are all of the same type.
• Never combine new batteries with old ones.
• Never dispose of batteries by incinerating
them. Never short or disassemble batteries,
and do not expose them to excessive heat.
• Replace dead batteries as soon as possible.
• Never attempt to recharge batteries.
Transport
• When transporting the instrument, always
make sure to unplug the AC adaptor from
the electrical outlet and confirm that all
other external connections have been disconnected. Only then should the instrument
be transported. If the above is not done, the
cord may be damaged leading to possible
fire or electrical shock.
Care
• Whenever caring, make sure to first unplug the AC adaptor from the electrical outlet. Also remove the instrument’s batteries
if battery power is being used.
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Location
• Never locate the instrument in areas subject to high humidity or heavy accumulation of dust. Doing so may cause fire or
electrical shock.
• Never locate the instrument in areas subject to grease splatters or steam, such as in
a kitchen or near a humidifier. Doing so
may cause fire or electrical shock.
Do not place keyboard on lacquered furniture.
• The instrument’s silicone rubber feet may
eventually blacken or scar lacquered surfaces. Use felt cloth pads to insulate the feet
or preferably use a CASIO musical instrument stand designed for your keyboard.
Do not place heavy objects on the instrument.
• Do not place heavy objects on the instrument. This may cause the instrument to tip
over or break resulting in injury.
Volume
• Very high volume levels can damage hearing. Avoid using the instrument at very high
volume settings for long periods. Consult with
a physician immediately if you experience
impaired hearing or ringing in the ears.
Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) Precautions
• Avoid subjecting the keyboard's LCD to
strong impact, which can crack or break
the LCD's glass creating the danger of personal injury.
• Should the LCD glass ever crack or break,
do not allow the liquid inside the LCD to
come into contact with your skin, which
can cause inflammation and reddening.
*Should the LCD liquid get into your
mouth, immediately wash out your mouth
with water and then consult a physician.
*Should the LCD liquid get in your eyes or
on your skin, immediately flush with water for at least 15 minutes and then consult
a physician.
Do not get onto the instrument or stand.*
• Do not crawl on top of the instrument or its
optional stand. Particular caution is required in homes having small children. This
may cause the instrument or stand to tip
over and break resulting in injury.
Care of your
keyboard
Avoid strong impact and rough handling.
Your keyboard is made of precision components that can malfunction when subjected to strong impact and rough handling.
Avoid heat, humidity or direct sunlight.
Do not overexpose the instrument to direct sunlight, or place it near
an air conditioner, or in any extremely hot place.
Do not use near a TV or radio.
This instrument can cause video or audio interference with TV and
radio reception. If this happens, move the instrument away from the
TV or radio.
Do not use lacquer, thinner or similar chemicals for cleaning.
Clean the keyboard with a soft cloth dampened in a weak solution of
water and a neutral detergent. Soak the cloth in the solution and
squeeze until it is almost dry.
Avoid use in areas subjected to temperature
extremes.
Extremely high or low temperature can cause figures on the LCD
screen to become dim and difficult to read. This condition should
correct itself when the keyboard is brought back to normal temperature.
Lithium Battery Precautions
The keyboard comes with a built-in lithium battery that supplies
power to the memory to retain Song Sequencer, Pattern Sequencer
and other data while keyboard power is turned off. If the power of
the lithium battery is low, turning off keyboard power can result in
deletion of all data stored in its memory.
The normal life of the original battery is five years from the time it is
loaded at the factory. Due to time spent in transit and storage, the
original battery probably will not provide a full five years of service
life. It is up to you to contact your nearest CASIO service provider
about having the lithium battery replaced periodically.
* CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD. shall not be held responsible for
any losses to you or any third party due to loss or corruption of
data caused by malfunction or repair of this keyboard, or by battery replacement.
❚ NOTE ❚
You may notice lines in the finish of the case of this keyboard. These lines
are a result of the molding process used to shape the plastic of the case.
They are not cracks or breaks in the plastic, and are no cause for concern.
Optional Stand*
• Carefully assemble the stand following the
assembly instructions that come with it. Securely tighten all bolts, nuts, and fasteners,
and make sure that you mount the instrument correctly onto the stand. Incorrectly
or insufficiently tightening screws, or incorrectly mounting the instrument onto the
stand can cause the stand to tip over or the
instrument to fall off the stand, possibly
leading to injury.
* The stand is available as an option.
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Main Features
❐ Song Sequencer
A built-in six-track sequencer gives you full control over the tone, volume, pan position, and other parameters for each recorded track. Use in
combination with Auto Accompaniment, the Song Sequencer provides you with all the tools you need to create your own full-fledged ensembles.
❐ Pattern Sequencer
Alter any of the 120 built-in rhythm patterns to create your own, original patterns. You can even store up to 10 of your patterns in memory for later
recall.
❐ 130 rhythms
120 built-in rhythms include rock, pops, jazz, and other rhythms specially arranged for piano accompaniment. You can even store up to 10 of your
own rhythm patterns in memory for later recall.
❐ Auto Accompaniment
Simply play a chord and the corresponding rhythm, bass, and chords parts play along automatically. One Touch Presets instantly recalls the most
suitable tone and tempo settings to match the rhythm you are using, while Free Session automatically produces pre-programmed chord progressions so you can play ensembles with yourself.
❐ 232 tones
Choose from among a versatile collection of 200 built-in orchestra tones, synthesized sounds, drum sets and more. You can even store up to 32 of
your own original sound creations in memory for instant recall when you need them.
❐ Synthesizer
Change the parameters of any of the built-in sounds to produce your own original creations. Up to 32 of original sounds can be stored in memory
for later recall.
❐ General MIDI compatibility
General MIDI compatible tones let you connect to a personal computer for quick and easy “desktop music” capabilities. This keyboard can be used
as a desktop music input device or sound source.
❐ Mixer
You can specify tone, volume, pan position, and other parameters for each built-in Auto Accompaniment part and each track recorded with the
Pattern Sequencer or Song Sequencer. You can also control the same parameters for each channel during MIDI input.
❐ Registration Memory
Keyboard setups can be stored in memory for later recall and instant settings whenever you need them. Up to 20 setups (5 setups x 4 banks) can be
stored in registration memory.
❐ DSP Effects
10 DSP effects such as reverb and chorus come built in.
❐ Built-in floppy disk drive (WK-1800 only)
Save original tones and rhythms, or songs you created with the Song Sequencer to disk for long-term storage. You can also load a disk with a
standard MIDI file (SMF) and play it back on the keyboard.
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Contents
Welcome... .............................. E-1
Using the PITCH BEND Wheel ............... E-20
Using the MODULATION Wheel .............. E-20
Safety Precautions ................ E-2
Auto Accompaniment ......... E-21
Care of your keyboard .......... E-4
Main Features ........................ E-5
Contents ................................. E-6
About the MODE Button .......................... E-21
Selecting a Rhythm ..................................E-21
Playing a Rhythm ..................................... E-21
Adjusting the Tempo ................................ E-22
Using Auto Accompaniment ..................... E-22
General Guide ........................ E-8
Using an Intro Pattern .............................. E-24
About the Display .....................................E-10
Using a Fill-in Pattern .............................. E-24
Connections......................... E-12
Using Variation Rhythm Patterns ............. E-25
Phones and Line Out Terminals .............. E-12
Synchro Starting Accompaniment with
Rhythm Play ............................................ E-25
Phones/Output Terminal .......................... E-12
Finishing with an Ending Pattern ............. E-25
Sustain/Assignable Jack Terminal ...........E-13
Using Auto Harmonize .............................E-25
Accessories and Options ......................... E-13
Using One-touch Preset .......................... E-26
Power Supply....................... E-14
Using Free Session ................................. E-26
Using Batteries ........................................E-14
Turning Auto Accompaniment Parts On
and Off .....................................................E-27
Using the AC Adaptor ..............................E-14
Adjusting the Accompaniment Volume .... E-27
Auto Power Off .........................................E-15
Settings and Memory Contents ............... E-15
Mixer Function ..................... E-28
Mixer Features .........................................E-28
Basic Operations ................. E-16
Mixer Modes ............................................ E-28
Getting Started .........................................E-16
Turning Channels On and Off .................. E-29
Selecting a Tone ......................................E-16
Changing the Parameters of a Channel .. E-30
Using Layer ..............................................E-17
Using Split ................................................E-17
Synthesizer Mode ................ E-32
Using Layer and Split Together ............... E-18
Synthesizer Functions .............................E-32
Using Touch Response ............................E-18
Creating a User Tone ............................... E-34
Transposing the Keyboard .......................E-19
Naming a User Tone and Storing It In
Memory ....................................................E-35
Tuning the Keyboard ...............................E-19
Using DSP Effects ...................................E-19
Tuning DSP Effects On and Off ............... E-20
Registration Memory ........... E-37
Registration Memory Features ................ E-37
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To Save a Setup in Registration Memory ... E-38
To Recall a Setup from Registration
Memory ....................................................E-38
Using the Floppy Disk Drive
(WK-1800 Only) ....................... E-67
Floppy Disk Drive Features ..................... E-67
Using the Song Sequencer...... E-39
About Floppy Diskettes ............................ E-67
Songs and Tracks ....................................E-39
Basic Diskette Operation ......................... E-68
Recording .................................................E-39
Playing Back an SMF .............................. E-69
Global Settings and Operations ............... E-39
Saving and Recalling Memory Data ........ E-70
Song Sequencer Data .............................E-39
Using the Utilities ..................................... E-71
Song Sequencer Memory Capacity ......... E-40
Disk Drive Error Messages ......................E-74
Song Sequencer Memory Precautions ....E-40
Troubleshooting .................. E-75
Song Sequencer Modes .......................... E-40
Real-time Recording ................................ E-40
Specifications ...................... E-77
Punch-in Recording ................................. E-42
To Delete the Contents of a
Specific Track ..........................................E-44
Playing Back from Song Sequencer
Memory ....................................................E-45
Song Sequencer and Mixer Operations ..... E-45
Global Settings and Operations ............... E-45
Pattern Sequencer............... E-48
Pattern Sequencer Basics .......................E-48
Appendix ............................... A-1
Note Table ..................................................A-1
Free Session Chord Progression Chart ....A-2
Drum Assignment List ................................ A-5
Fingered Chord Chart ................................ A-6
Chord Conversion Table ............................A-8
MIDI Implementation Chart
Using the Pattern Create Mode ............... E-50
Using the Pattern Edit Mode .................... E-52
Exiting the Pattern Sequencer Mode ....... E-56
Keyboard Settings............... E-58
Using the Keyboard Settings Menu ......... E-58
Setting Screens ....................................... E-59
MIDI ....................................... E-60
What is MIDI? ..........................................E-60
General MIDI ...........................................E-60
Making MIDI Settings ...............................E-61
MIDI Messages ........................................E-62
MIDI Functions and Mixer Functions ....... E-64
Bulk Sending Keyboard Data ..................E-65
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General Guide
2
7
SONG
a
9
PATTERN
b
A
7
8
9
4
5
6
c
1
2
3
d
0
a
a
b
b
c
d
a
/NO
c
/YESS
b
DELETE
3
0
6
4
1
1
8
5
※
AMP ENVELOPE
FULL RANGE
CHORD
7
8
9
4
5
6
DECAY
MAX
SUSTAIN
FINGERED
PITCH ENVELOPE
CASIO CHORD
00 FLAT
1
MIN
2
/NO
EXTERNAL
SONG
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
ACC VOL. CHORD1
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
BANK
TR2
TR3
TR4
D
CH 16
TR5
TR6
PARAMETER RESET:
01-17 VIBRATO
/YESS
18-45 OTHERS
0
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
DELETE
STORE
E G I J
F H
B C
CH 15
PATTERN
3
M
K
Q
O
N
P
R
a
b
BANK
STORE
c
d
a
b
S
e
c
T
L
EXTERNAL
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
a
CH 5
CH 6
ACC VOL. CHORD1
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
U
b
Playing a Demo Tune
Pressing the DEMO button starts demo tune play. There are two demo tunes, which continuously play in sequence. To stop demo tune
play, press either the DEMO button or the START/STOP button.
❚ NOTES ❚
•
•
•
•
Pressing the [+]/[–] keys skips to the next demo tune.
You can select a tone for the keyboard (page E-16) before starting demo tune play, and then use that tone to play along with the demo tune.
MIDI are disabled while a demo tune is playing.
Auto Harmonize, layer, split, and Auto Accompaniment Mode settings are automatically cancelled whenever demo tune is playing. These settings
are restored after demo tune play is complete.
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• Key, button, and other names are indicated in the text of this manual using bold type.
• Illustrations in this User’s Guide shows the WK-1800.
1 Speakers
F NORMAL/FILL-IN button
2 Sequencer
G VARIATION/FILL-IN button
(a) RECORD button
H SYNCHRO/ENDING button
(b) SONG button
I START/STOP button
(c) PATTERN button
J TEMPO buttons
3 POWER button
K (a) BANK button
4 Rhythm list
(b) REGISTRATION buttons (A to E)
5 MODE button
(c) STORE button
6 MAIN VOLUME slider
L (a) MIXER SELECT button
7 (a) DSP (digital effect) button
(b) CHANNEL buttons (CH1 to CH16)
(b) CONTRAST button
M TRANSPOSE button
(c) FREE SESSION button
N AUTO HARMONIZE button
(d) ONE TOUCH PRESET button
O ENTER button
8 Display
P Cursor keys
In this User’s Guide, cursor key operations are indicated as: [왗], [왘], [왖], [왔].
9 (a) TONE button
(b) RHYTHM button
Q •WK-1800
(c) LAYER button
(a) DEMO button
(d) SPLIT button
(b) SYNTH button
0 Tone list
(c) TUNE/MIDI button
A (a) Number keys
(d) TOUCH RESPONSE button
(b) [+]/[–] keys (YES/NO keys)
(e) DISK button
B PITCH BEND wheel
•WK-1600/1630
C MODULATION wheel
(a) DEMO button
D CHORD name
(b) SYNTH button
E INTRO button
(c) TUNE button
(d) MIDI button
(e) TOUCH RESPONSE button
Rear Panel
R Percussion instrument indicators
• WK-1800
S Access lamp
V
W
X
Y
IN
SUSTAIN/
ASSIGNABLE JACK
Z
MIDI
OUT
V
W
X
Y
Z
T Eject button
U •WK-1800
R
L/MONO
LINE OUT
DC 12V
MIDI OUT terminal
MIDI IN terminal
SUSTAIN/ASSIGNABLE JACK terminal
LINE OUT R, LINE OUT L/MONO terminal
DC 12V terminal
PHONES terminal
•WK-1600/1630
PHONES/OUTPUT terminal
*Attaching the Score Stand
• WK-1600/1630
V
W
X
IN
SUSTAIN/
ASSIGNABLE JACK
Y
Insert the music stand into the slot in the top of the keyboard.
MIDI
OUT
V
W
X
Y
DC 12V
MIDI OUT terminal
MIDI IN terminal
SUSTAIN/ASSIGNABLE JACK terminal
DC 12V terminal
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About the Display
2 3 4
5 6
7
8
9
14 13
12
11 10
12
Indicators
GrandPno
1
19
18
17 16
1
2
15
DSP indicator
Appears when a DSP effect is turned on.
An indicator appears to indicate that a function (Layer, Auto
TONE/RHYTHM indicator
Harmonize, Split, General MIDI Mode, Touch Response) is currently in use.
TONE is shown during tone selection and display, while
RHYTHM is shown during rhythm selection and display.
3
5
Shows the beat number during rhythm and Auto Accompani-
Number of currently selected tone or rhythm. The TONE/
ment play, and while the Song Sequencer or Pattern Sequencer
RHYTHM indicator shows whether the number is a tone or
is turned on.
14
Shows the measure number from the start of play during rhythm
Chord name display
and Auto Accompaniment play, and while the Song Sequencer
Shows chord names while Auto Accompaniment is being used.
or Pattern Sequencer is turned on. In the Mixer Mode, displays
the current channel's on/off status.
Tone/Rhythm name
15
Shows the tempo as a value indicating the number of beats per
rhythm. This area also shows other information in other modes.
minute during rhythm and Auto Accompaniment play, and
while the Song Sequencer or Pattern Sequencer is turned on.
Record indicator
this indicator flashes to indicate record standby and remains on
This display area also shows other information in other modes.
16
your keyboard play.
VOLUME indicator
Appears when you are using the Mixer to change the volume
17
level meter indicates which channels are on and off, and also
Cursor key indicators
indicates the volume level.
Indicated keys are those that are operational for the function
you are currently performing.
18
is one octave higher than the note shown in the staff notation
area 10. Two symbols indicate two octaves higher.
Solo, External/Play).
19
Graphic keyboard
Notes you play on the keyboard, notes played back from memory, and received MIDI data* are indicated on the graphic key-
Staff notation area
Notes you play on the keyboard, notes played back from memory, chord forms, and received MIDI data* are shown here.
11
Mixer mode indicator
Indicates the current Mixer mode (Internal, External, External/
Octave symbol 1
One symbol indicates the note being produced by the keyboard
10
Level meter
The numbers 1 through 16 correspond to Mixer channels. The
parameter of a specific channel.
9
Metronome
You can turn on the metronome to provide a reference beat for
the display without flashing while recording is in progress.
8
Tempo indicator
RHYTHM indicator shows whether the name is a tone or
While the Song Sequencer or Pattern Sequencer is turned on,
7
Measure
you are using the Pattern Sequencer and Song Sequencer.
Name of currently selected tone or rhythm. The TONE/
6
Beat number
Tone/Rhythm number
rhythm. This display area also shows other information when
4
13
board.
* Any receive data outside the range of E1 to G7 is not displayed.
Octave symbol 2
One symbol indicates the note being produced by the keyboard
is one octave lower than the note shown in the staff notation
area 10.
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❚ NOTES ❚
• Display examples shown in this User’s Guide are intended for illustrative purposes only. The actual text and values that appear on the display may differ from the examples shown in this User’s Guide.
• Backlight brightness may appear somewhat unstable immediately after
the keyboard is turned on. This does not indicate malfunction, and brightness will stabilize after a few seconds.
The back lighting of the display is provided by a fluorescent light,
which loses its brightness over very long periods of use. When this
happens, contact your original dealer or a CASIO service provider
about having the backlight replaced. Note that you will be charged for
such replacement.
Adjusting Display Contrast
• Display contrast can be adjust to one of 100 levels for easy viewing.
• Adjusting display contrast helps to make figures easier to read from
any viewing angle.
• Within five seconds after pressing the CONTRAST button, press [+]
to increase the contrast value (making the display darker) or [–] to
decrease it (making the display lighter).
• After you release CONTRAST, the message “Contrast” remains on
the display for a few moments, during which you can change the
contrast setting further using [+] and [–] or by inputting a contrast
value with the number keys.
The contrast can be set to a value from 0 to 99. The initial default
setting is 50.
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Connections
• WK-1800
❚ NOTE ❚
Phones and Line Out Terminals
quencer. See “MIDI” on page E-60 for details.
You can also connect the keyboard’s MIDI terminal to a computer or se-
Before connecting phones or other external equipment, be sure to first
turn down the volume settings of the keyboard and the connected
equipment. You can then adjust volume to the desired level after connections are complete.
• WK-1600/1630
Phones/Output Terminal
Before connecting phones or other external equipment, be sure to first
turn down the volume settings of the keyboard and the connected
equipment. You can then adjust volume to the desired level after connections are complete.
[Front]
PHONES Terminal
[Front]
1
PHONES/OUTPUT Terminal
Stereo standard plug
1
Connecting Phones (Figure 1)
Connecting phones cuts off output from the keyboard’s built-in speakers, so you can play even late at night without disturbing anyone.
3
Stereo standard plug
Keyboard amp,
guitar amp, etc.
2
[Rear Panel]
2
Red
PIN plug
LEFT RIGHT
Audio amplifier AUX IN, etc.
AUX IN or similar terminal
of audio amplifier
PIN plug
LEFT
(White)
Connecting Phones (Figure 1)
RIGHT
(Red)
Connecting phones cuts off output from the keyboard’s built-in speakers, so you can play even late at night without disturbing anyone.
MIDI
OUT
3
White
Guitar amplifier,
keyboard amplifier, etc.
IN
SUSTAIN/
ASSIGNABLE JACK
R
L/MONO
LINE OUT
DC 12V
Standard jacks
Standard plugs
INPUT 1
INPUT 2
Connecting to Audio Equipment 2
Use commercially available cords to connect to the two jacks as shown
in Figure 2. It is up to you to purchase connecting cables like the
ones shown in the illustration for connection. Normally in this
configuration, you must set the audio equipment’s input selector to
the setting that specifies the terminal (such as AUX IN) that the keyboard is connected to. Use the keyboard’s VOLUME slider to adjust
the volume level.
Audio Equipment (Figure 2)
Connect the keyboard to a audio equipment using a commercially
available connecting cord with a standard plug on one end and two
PIN plugs on the other end. Note that the standard plug you connect
to the keyboard must be a stereo plug, otherwise you will be able to
output only one of stereo channels. In this configuration, you normally set the input selector of the audio equipment to the terminal
(usually marked AUX IN or something similar) where the cord from
the keyboard is connected. See the user documentation that comes
with your audio equipment for full details.
Musical Instrument Amplifier (Figure 3)
Use a commercially available connecting cord to connect the keyboard
to a musical instrument amplifier.
❚ NOTE ❚
Connecting to a Musical Instrument Amplifier 3
Use commercially available cords to connect to the two jacks as shown
in Figure 3. It is up to you to purchase connecting cables like the
ones shown in the illustration for connection. Use the keyboard’s VOLUME slider to adjust the volume level.
• If your amplifier has only one input jack, use an adapter like the
one shown below.
Standard plug
Be sure to use a connecting cord that has a stereo standard plug on the
end you connect to the keyboard, and a connector that provides dual channel (left and right) input to the amplifier to which you are connecting. The
wrong type of connector at either end can cause one of the stereo channels to be lost.
When connected to a musical instrument amplifier, set the volume of
the keyboard to a relatively low level and make output volume adjustments using the amplifier’s controls.
Standard jack
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Connection Example
Accessories and Options
PIN jack
PIN plug (red)
Use only the accessories and options specified for this keyboard. Use
To keyboard's
PHONES/OUTPUT
terminal
INPUT 1
of non-authorized items creates the danger of fire, electrical shock,
and personal injury.
INPUT 2
PIN plug (white)
Stereo standard plug
Standard plug
Keyboard or
guitar amp
❚ NOTE ❚
You can also connect the keyboard’s MIDI terminal to a computer or sequencer. See “MIDI” on page E-60 for details.
Sustain/Assignable Jack Terminal
You can connect an optional sustain pedal (SP-2 or SP-10) to the SUSTAIN/ASSIGNABLE JACK terminal to enable the capabilities described below.
For details on how to select the pedal function you want, see “Assignable Jack Function” on page E-59.
SUSTAIN/ASSIGNABLE JACK Terminal
MIDI
OUT
IN
SUSTAIN/
ASSIGNABLE JACK
R
L/MONO
LINE OUT
DC 12V
SP-10
Sustain Pedal
• With piano tones, depressing the pedal causes notes to linger, much
like a piano’s damper pedal.
• With organ tones, depressing the pedal causes notes to continue to
sound until the pedal is released.
Sostenuto Pedal
• As with the sustain pedal function described above, depressing
the sostenuto pedal causes notes to be sustained.
• The difference between a sostenuto pedal and sustain pedal is the
timing. With a sostenuto pedal, you press the keys and then depress the pedal before you release the keys. Only the notes that are
sounding when the pedal is depressed are sustained.
Soft Pedal
Depressing the pedal softens the sound of the notes being played.
Rhythm Start/Stop Pedal
In this case, the pedal performs the same functions as the START/
STOP button.
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Power Supply
This keyboard can be powered by current from a standard household wall outlet (using the specified AC adaptor) or by batteries. Always make sure you turn the keyboard off whenever you are not
using it.
• Loss of power, sound distortion, or low volume when playing
from a connected computer or MIDI device
• Sudden power failure while reading from or writing to a diskette (WK-1800 only)
IMPORTANT!
Using Batteries
Always make sure you turn off the keyboard before loading or replacing batteries.
To load batteries
1.
Remove the battery compartment cover.
2.
Load six D-size batteries into the battery compartment.
• Make sure that the positive (+) and negative (–) ends are facing correctly.
Improper handling of batteries can cause them to burst and leak,
which creates the danger of personal injury or damage due to contact with battery fluid. Be sure to note the following important precautions.
• Always make sure that the positive (+) and negative (–) poles are
facing correctly as indicated inside the battery compartment.
• To avoid damage caused by leaking batteries, be sure to remove
batteries from the keyboard whenever you leave it unattended for
long periods (such as when leaving on a trip).
• Never mix batteries of different types.
• Never mix old batteries with new ones.
• Never discard batteries by incinerating them, do not allow their
poles to be shorted (connected to each other), never take batteries
apart, and do not expose batteries to direct heat.
• Replace batteries as soon as possible after any sign they are getting weak.
• Never attempt to recharge batteries.
Using the AC Adaptor
Make sure that you use only the AC adaptor specified for this keyboard.
Specified AC Adaptor: AD-12
3.
Insert the tabs on the battery compartment cover into
the holes provided and close the cover.
MIDI
OUT
tab
IN
SUSTAIN/
ASSIGNABLE JACK
R
L/MONO
LINE OUT
AC adaptor AD-12
DC 12V
AC outlet
Also note the following important warnings and precautions when
using the AC adaptor.
The keyboard may not function correctly if you load or replace batteries with power turned on. If this happens, turning the keyboard
off and then back on again should return functions back to normal.
Important Battery Information
■ The following shows the approximate battery life.
Alkaline batteries ............................................... 2 hours
The above value is standard battery life at normal temperature,
with the keyboard volume at medium setting. Temperature extremes or playing at very loud volume settings can shorten battery life.
■ Any of the following symptoms indicate low battery power. Replace batteries as soon as possible whenever any of the following
occurs.
• Dim power supply indicator
• Instrument does not turn on
• Display that is flickering, dim, or difficult to read
• Abnormally low speaker/headphone volume
• Distortion of sound output
• Occasional interruption of sound when playing at high volumes
• Sudden power failure when playing at high volumes
• Flickering or dimming of the dispaly when playing at high volume
• Continued sound output even after you release a key
• A totally different tone may sound
• Abnormal rhythm pattern and demo tune play
WARNING!
• Take care to avoid any damage to or breakage of the power cord. Never
place any heavy objects on the power cord or expose it to direct heat.
Doing so creates the danger of power cord damage, fire, and electrical
shock.
• Use only the specified AC adaptor. Use of another type of adaptor creates the danger of fire and electrical shock.
CAUTION!
• For safety sake, be sure to unplug the AC adaptor from the wall outlet
whenever leaving the keyboard unattended for a long time (such as
when leaving on a trip).
• Always turn off the keyboard and unplug the AC adaptor from the wall
outlet when you are not using the keyboard.
IMPORTANT!
• Make sure that the keyboard is turned off before connecting or
disconnecting the AC adaptor.
• Using the AC adaptor for a long time can cause it to become warm
to the touch. This is normal and does not indicate malfunction.
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Auto Power Off
To initialize the keyboard and delete all data
When you are using battery power, keyboard power turns off automatically whenever you leave it on without performing any operation for about 6 minutes. When this happens, press the POWER button to turn power back on.
You can either fully initialize the keyboard or initialize parameters
only.
❚ NOTE ❚
Auto Power Off is disabled (it does not function) when you are using the
AC adaptor to power the keyboard.
Use this procedure to return all keyboard settings to what they were
when you purchased it. Note that this procedure clears all data from
memory.
To disable Auto Power Off
1.
Full Initialization
Hold down the TONE button while turning on the keyboard to disable Auto Power Off.
• When Auto Power Off is disabled, the keyboard does not turn off
automatically no matter how long it is left with no operation being
performed.
Settings and Memory Contents
The following describes what happens to settings and memory contents when power is turned off.
While holding down the ENTER button, turn on keyboard power.
Re se t ?
2.
Press YES to initialize the keyboard or NO to turn on
power without changing any settings.
• The above procedure restores registration memory to its factory default contents. Any setup data stored in registration
memory is deleted by the above procedure.
Settings
Parameter Initialization
Tone, rhythm, and other “main keyboard settings” in effect when the
keyboard is turned off manually by pressing POWER or automatically by Auto Power Off are still in effect the next time you turn power back on.
Use this procedure to return all keyboard settings to what they were
when you purchased it. Note that this procedure does not affect user
tones, user rhythms, registration memory contents, and display contrast settings.
Main Keyboard Settings
Tone number, rhythm number, touch response on/off, touch
response sensitivity, accompaniment mode, DSP on/off, DSP
selection, assignable jack setting, tempo, Mixer parameters
(tone, volume, pan, effect send, channel on/off, accompaniment volume), keyboard channel, General MIDI on/off,
Pitch Bend range, accomp MIDI out on/off, MIDI in chord
judge on/off, registration bank, layer on/off, auto harmonize on/off, split on/off, split point, Song Sequencer settings (song number, metronome, quantize), Pattern Sequencer settings (metronome, quantize), sound range shift on/off,
contrast setting, SMF playback settings (WK-1800 only)
While keyboard power is on, press the [+], [–], and ENTER buttons at
the same time.
Memory Contents
In addition to the above settings, Registration, Song Sequencer, Pattern Sequencer, and Synthesizer memory contents are also retained
when power is turned off.
Power Requirements
The keyboard comes with a built-in lithium battery that supplies
power to the memory to retain Song Sequencer, Pattern Sequencer
and other data while keyboard power is turned off. If the power of
the lithium battery is low, turning off keyboard power can result in
deletion of all data stored in its memory.
The normal life of the original battery is five years from the time it is
loaded at the factory. Due to time spent in transit and storage, the
original battery probably will not provide a full five years of service
life. It is up to you to contact your nearest CASIO service provider
about having the lithium battery replaced periodically.
Note that you will be charged separately for lithium battery replacement.
To protect against loss of valuable memory data, we strongly suggest
that you use either of the following methods to back it up.
• Perform a MIDI dump of the data to a computer or other external
device for storage. See “Bulk Sending Keyboard Data” on page E65 for details.
• Save the data to diskette (WK-1800 only). See “Using the Floppy
Disk Drive” on page E-67 for details.
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Basic Operations
TONE
LAYER
MAIN VOLME
POWER
FULL RANGE
CHORD
Number keys
AMP ENVELOPE
7
8
DECAY
9
MAX
SUSTAIN
4
FINGERED
5
6
PITCH ENVELOPE
CASIO CHORD
00 FLAT
1
MIN
2
/NO
SONG
EXTERNAL
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
PATTERN
ACC VOL. CHORD1
BANK
3
01-17 VIBRATO
/YESS
18-45 OTHERS
0
PARAMETER RESET:
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
DELETE
[+]/[–]
STORE
SPLIT
This section provides information on performing basic keyboard operations.
Getting Started
To play the keyboard
1.
2.
3.
Press the POWER button to turn the keyboard on.
Use the MAIN VOLUME slider to set the volume to a
relatively low level.
Play something on the keyboard.
Selecting a Tone
This keyboard comes with 200 built-in tones. Use the following procedure to select the tone you want to use.
GrandPno
❚ NOTES ❚
• Always input all three digits for the tone number, including leading zeros
(if any). If you input one or two digits and stop, the display will automatically clear your input after a few seconds.
• You can also increment the displayed tone number by pressing [+] and
decrement it by pressing [–].
• When one of the drum sets is selected (tone numbers 192 through 199),
each keyboard key is assigned a different percussion sound. See page
A-5 for details.
• The 32 tones number 200 through 231 are for storage of original tones
created using the synthesizer (page E-32). Once original tones are
stored, they can be recalled and used just like the built-in tones.
When the keyboard is shipped from the factory, tones 200 through 231
contain the same contents as tone number 128 to 159.
Names of tone numbers 128 through 199
No. Tone Name
128 OCTAVE PIANO
129 BREATHY SAX
130 STEREO PIANO
131 ELEC PIANO 3
132 DETUNED EP 1
133 DETUNED EP 2
134 DETUNED EP 3
135 DETUNED CLAVI
DCO polyphony
No. Tone Name
16
2
168 TOUCH STR PNO *
32
1
169 TOUCH STRINGS *
16
2
170 TOUCH VIB PNO *
32
1
171 TOUCH BASS *
16
2
172 BRASS FALL
16
2
173 BASS SLIDE
16
2
174 FEEDBACK
16
2
175 PIANO ¤ STR
DCO polyphony
16
2
16
2
16
2
16
2
16
2
32
1
16
2
16
2
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
ELEC ORGAN 1
ELEC ORGAN 2
ELEC ORGAN 3
ELEC ORGAN 4
ELEC ORGAN 5
PIPE ORGAN
STEREO GUITAR
12 STR GUITAR
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
32
32
32
32
16
16
16
16
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
SYNTH–PAD 1
SYNTH–PAD 2
SYNTH–PAD 3
SYNTH–PAD 4
SYNTH–PAD 5
SYNTH–PAD 6
SYNTH–PAD 7
SYNTH–PAD 8
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
SLAP BASS 3
SYNTH–BASS 3
SYNTH–BASS 4
SYNTH–BASS 5
STRINGS 3
TRUMPET 2
BRASS SECTION
SYNTH–BRASS 3
1
1
1
1
2
1
2
2
32
32
32
32
16
32
16
16
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
SYNTH–LEAD 1
SYNTH–LEAD 2
SYNTH–SFX 1
SYNTH–SFX 2
SYNTH–SFX 3
SYNTH–SFX 4
SEQUENCE 1
SEQUENCE 2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
STRINGS PIANO
STRINGS EP
STR HARPSI
STR CELESTA
STR KALIMBA
STRINGS HORN
STEREO STR GTR
SITAR AAH
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
DRUM SET
192 DRUM SET 1
193 DRUM SET 2
194 DRUM SET 3
195 DRUM SET 4
196 DRUM SET 5
197 DRUM SET 6
198 DRUM SET 7
199 DRUM SET 8
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
HARP ENS
VOICE ENS
BRASS ENS
OCTAVE SAX
PIPE ENS
PERC ENS
VIBES ENS
REVERSE ORCH
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
To select a tone
1.
2.
3.
Find the tone you want to use in the keyboard’s Tone
List and note its tone number.
Press the TONE button.
Use the number keys to input the three digit tone number for the tone you want to select.
Example: To select “032 ACOUSTIC BASS”, input 0, 3 then 2.
Ac o . Ba s s
STANDARD SET
ROOM SET
POWER SET
ELECTRONIC SET
SYNTH SET
JAZZ SET
BRUSH SET
ORCHESTRA SET
* What you hear differs according to how strongly you press the
keyboard.
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Polyphony
The term polyphony refers to the maximum number of notes you can
play at the same time. The keyboard has 32-note polyphony, which
includes the notes you play as well as the rhythms and auto-accompaniment patterns that are played by the keyboard. This means that
when a rhythm or auto-accompaniment pattern is being played by
the keyboard, the number of notes (polyphony) available for keyboard play is reduced. Also note that some of the tones offer only 16note polyphony.
Using Split
With split you can assign two different tones (a main tone and a split
tone) to either end of the keyboard, which lets you play one tone
with your left hand and another tone with your right hand. For example, you could select STRINGS as the main (high range) tone and
PIZZICATO as the split (low range) tone, putting an entire string
ensemble at your fingertips.
Split point
Digital Sampling
A number of the tones that are available with this keyboard have
been recorded and processed using a technique called digital sampling. To ensure a high level of tonal quality, samples are taken in the
low, mid, and high ranges and then combined to provide you with
sounds that are amazingly close to the originals. You may notice very
slight differences in volume or sound quality for some tones when
you play them at different positions on the keyboard. This is an unavoidable result of multiple sampling, and it is not a sign of malfunction.
Split tone (LOWER1)
Main tone (UPPER1)
To split the keyboard
1.
Using Layer
With layer you can assign two different tones (a main tone and a layered tone) to the keyboard, both of which play whenever you press a
key. For example, you could layer the FRENCH HORN tone on the
BRASS tone to produce a rich and brassy sound.
2.
Select the main tone and split tone.
• Use the Mixer to select the tones, following the procedure
under “Changing the Parameters of a Channel” on page E30. The main tone is UPPER1, while the split tone is LOWER1.
• If you don’t want to use the Mixer, select a keyboard tone as
you normally would (page E-16). This is the main tone. Next,
proceed to step 2.
Press SPLIT.
• This causes the SPLIT indicator to appear on the display.
Main tone (UPPER1) + Layered tone (UPPER2)
To layer two tones
1.
2.
• The split tone name and number appear on the display for
about five seconds. During this time you can use the number keys to input a tone number to change the split tone if
you want. After about five seconds, the display changes to
the main tone name and number.
Select the main tone and layered tone.
• Use the Mixer to select the tones, following the procedure
under “Changing the Parameters of a Channel” on page E30. The main tone is UPPER1, while the layered tone is UPPER2.
• If you don’t want to use the Mixer, select a keyboard tone as
you normally would (page E-16). This is the main tone. Next,
proceed to step 2.
3.
Press LAYER to turn on tone layering.
• This causes the LAYER indicator to appear on the display.
4.
• The layered tone name and number appear on the display
for about five seconds. During this time you can use the number keys to input a tone number to change the layered tone if
you want. After about five seconds, the display changes to
the main tone name and number.
3.
4.
Now try playing something on the keyboard.
• The lower range (left side) of the keyboard is assigned the
split tone, while the upper range (right side) is assigned the
main tone.
• The location on the keyboard where the changeover between
the two tones occurs is called the split point. See “To change
the location of the split point” on page E-18 for details on
changing the location of the split point.
Press SPLIT again to unsplit the keyboard and return
it to normal.
• This causes the SPLIT indicator to disappear.
Now try playing something on the keyboard.
• Both tones are played at the same time.
Press LAYER to unlayer the tones and return the keyboard to normal.
• This causes the LAYER indicator to disappear.
❚ NOTE ❚
Layering is produced by sounding Mixer internal mode CH 1 (UPPER1)
and CH 2 (UPPER2) at the same time. This means you can use the Mixer
to change the volume balance and stereo pan position parameters for both
the main tone and layered tone. See “Mixer Function” on page E-28 for
details.
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WK-1800
SPLIT
LAYER
WK-1600/1630
Number keys
AMP ENVELOPE
TUNE/MIDI
TUNE
FULL RANGE
CHORD
7
8
9
4
5
6
DECAY
MAX
SUSTAIN
FINGERED
PITCH ENVELOPE
CASIO CHORD
00 FLAT
1
MIN
TOUCH
RESPONSE
2
/NO
EXTERNAL
SONG
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
PATTERN
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
ACC VOL. CHORD1
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
BANK
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
PARAMETER RESET:
3
01-17 VIBRATO
/YESS
18-45 OTHERS
0
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
DELETE
[+]/[–]
STORE
TRANSPOSE
❚ NOTE ❚
❚ NOTES ❚
Split is produced by using Mixer internal mode CH 1 (UPPER1) and CH 3
(LOWER1) at the same time. This means you can use the Mixer to change
the volume balance and stereo pan position parameters for both the main
tone and split tone. See “Mixer Function” on page E-28 for details.
• Layer-split is produced by using Mixer internal mode CH 1 (UPPER1),
CH 2 (UPPER2), CH 3 (LOWER1), and CH 4 (LOWER2) at the same
time. This means you can use the Mixer to change the volume balance
and stereo pan position parameters for each of the tones. See “Mixer
Function” on page E-28 for details.
• You can use the Mixer to turn off individual channels (layer split tones).
This means you could turn off CH 4 (LOWER2), for example, to sound a
single tone in the lower range and two layered tones in the upper range.
See “Turning Channels On and Off” on page E-29 for details.
To change the location of the split point
While holding down the SPLIT button, press the keyboard key where
you want the lowest note (the leftmost key) of the upper range (right
side range) to be.
Using Layer and Split Together
You can use layer and split together to created a layered split keyboard. When you use layer and split in combination, the high range
of the keyboard is assigned two tones (main tone + layered tone),
and the low range two tones (split tone + layered split tone).
Using Touch Response
Turning on touch response causes the volume and sound quality of
keyboard output to change in accordance with the amount of pressure applied to the keyboard.
To turn touch response on and off
Split point
Press the TOUCH RESPONSE button to toggle touch response on and off.
• Turning on touch response causes the TOUCH RESPONSE indicator to appear on the display.
Split tone +
Layered split tone
(LOWER1 + LOWER2)
Main tone + Layered tone
(UPPER1 + UPPER2)
To layer-split the keyboard
To set the touch response sensitivity
1.
1.
Select the main tone, layered tone, split tone, and layered split tone.
• Use the Mixer to select the tones, following the procedure
under “Changing the Parameters of a Channel” on page E30. The main tone is UPPER1, the layered tone is UPPER2,
the split tone is LOWER1, and the layered split tone is LOWER2.
2.
3.
4.
Turn on both layer and split to layer split the keyboard.
• Press LAYER once to turn on layer.
• Press SPLIT once to turn on split.
• The LAYER and SPLIT indicators should be on the display
to indicate that they are turned on.
• The layered split tone name and number appear on the display for about five seconds. During this time you can use
the number keys to input a tone number to change the layered split tone if you want. After about five seconds, the display changes to the main tone name and number.
Now try playing something on the keyboard.
Press LAYER once and SPLIT once to unlayer split the
keyboard and return it to normal.
2.
Press TOUCH RESPONSE to turn on touch response.
• The TOUCH RESPONSE indicator appears on the display.
Within five seconds after pressing TOUCH RESPONSE,
use [+] and [–] or number keys [0] to [3] to select the
sensitivity setting you want to use.
• “ExLight” outputs powerful sound even with light key pressure, while “Heavy” requires very heavy key pressure to output powerful sound.
• Pressing [+] and [–] at the same time returns sensitivity to
the “Normal” setting.
• In addition to pressing the TOUCH RESPONSE button, you
can also turn off touch response by selecting “Touch Off” as
the sensitivity setting.
❚ NOTES ❚
• Touch response operations affect the keyboard’s internal sound source
as well as MIDI OUT data.
• Touch response settings do not affect Song Sequencer playback, accompaniment, or MIDI note data received from an external source.
• Touch response affects different tones in different ways.
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Transposing the Keyboard
Using DSP Effects
Transpose lets you raise and lower the overall key of the keyboard in
semitone units. If you want to play accompaniment for a vocalist
whose sings in a specific key, for example, you can use transpose to
change the key of the keyboard without having to learn to play the
song in another key.
DSP effects make it possible for you to add a variety nuances to your
music quickly and easily. The following is a list of 10 DSP effects that
are available. Try using each one to find out how it changes the sound
produced by the keyboard. Note that only one effect can be applied
at a time.
To transpose the keyboard
Use the TRANSPOSE buttons (왖 and 왔) to change the transpose setting of the keyboard.
Example: To transpose the keyboard five semitones upwards.
T r ans .
❚ NOTES ❚
• The keyboard can be transposed within a range of –12 (one octave
downwards) to +12 (one octave upwards).
• The default transpose setting is 00 when keyboard power is turned on.
• The display changes from the transpose screen back to its normal screen
if you do not perform any key operation for about three seconds.
• To return the transpose setting its initial default of 00, display the transpose screen and press the TRANSPOSE buttons (왖 and 왔) at the same
time.
• The transpose setting also affects the sequencer and Auto Accompaniment. It does not, however, affect Auto Accompaniment drum parts.
0
1
2
3
Reverb 1
Reverb 2
Reverb 3
Chorus
Display
Indicator
Reverb1
Reverb2
Reverb3
Chorus
4
Tremolo
Tremolo
5
Phase Shifter
Phaser
6
Organ Speaker
Organ Speaker
7
Enhancer
Enhancer
8
Flanger
Flanger
9
EQ Loudness
Loudness
No.
Effect Name
Description
Deep reverb
Medium reverb
Shallow reverb
More depth and breadth
Slight modulation of volume
Rotary speaker effect
Electronic organ rotary
speaker effect
Attack effect by enhancing high harmonics
Jet plane effect that causes the sound to build and
then decay
Enhanced lower tones
Tuning the Keyboard
The tuning feature lets you fine tune the keyboard to match the tuning of another musical instrument.
To tune the keyboard
1.
Press the TUNE/MIDI button to display the tuning
screen.
• With the WK-1600/1630, this button is named TUNE.
Tune
2.
Use [+] and [–] buttons to change the tuning setting
of the keyboard.
Example: To lower the tuning by 20.
Tune
❚ NOTES ❚
• The keyboard can be tuned within a range of –50 cents to 50 cents (±50
cents*).
* 100 cents is equivalent to one semitone.
• The default tuning setting is 00 when keyboard power is turned on.
• The display changes from the tuning screen back to its normal screen if
you do not perform any key operation for about five seconds.
• To return the tuning setting to its initial default of 00, display the tuning
screen and press the [+] and [–] buttons at the same time.
• The tuning setting also affects the sequencer and Auto Accompaniment.
It does not, however, affect Auto Accompaniment drum parts.
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PITCH BEND
MODULATION
DSP
MAIN VOLUME
AMP ENVELOPE
FULL RANGE
CHORD
7
8
9
4
5
6
MAX
PITCH ENVELOPE
CASIO CHORD
00 FLAT
1
MIN
2
3
/NO
SONG
DECAY
SUSTAIN
FINGERED
EXTERNAL
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
PATTERN
ACC VOL. CHORD1
BANK
PARAMETER RESET:
18-45 OTHERS
0
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
01-17 VIBRATO
/YESS
DELETE
[+]/[–]
STORE
Turning DSP Effects On and Off
Using the PITCH BEND Wheel
You can turn the currently selected DSP effect on and off by pressing
the DSP button.
As its name suggests, the PITCH BEND wheel lets you “bend” the
pitch of a sound. This makes it possible to add a touch of realism to
saxophone and other tones.
• The current DSP effect’s on/off status is indicated on the display
indicator. The digital effect is on while this indicator
by the
is displayed, and off when it is not displayed.
• Press the DSP button to toggle the currently selected digital effect
on and off.
To turn the DSP effect on and off
1.
To use the PITCH BEND wheel
While holding down a keyboard key with your right hand,
use your left hand to rotate the PITCH BEND wheel up and
down.
• Releasing the PITCH BEND wheel returns the note to its original
pitch.
Press the DSP button.
• This causes one of the two digital effect screens shown below to appear.
When the current digital effect is turned on
Re ve r b1 y
Indicates effect is turned on
❚ NOTES ❚
• With saxophone and electrical guitar tones, the most realistic sounding
effects can be produced if you play notes and operate the PITCH BEND
wheel simultaneously.
• See “Pitch Bend Range (Initial Default: 02)” on page E-59 for changing
the bend range of the PITCH BEND wheel.
• Never turn on keyboard power while the PITCH BEND wheel is rotated.
Effect number and name
When the current digital effect is turned off
DSP O f f
Using the MODULATION Wheel
Modulation applies vibrato, which modulates the pitch of a note. It
works best with notes that are sustained (held) by keeping a keyboard key held down, especially when playing the melody with a
violin or other similar tone.
• The above screens clear if you do not perform any operation
within about five seconds.
2.
While a digital effect screen is on the display, use the
[+] and [–] buttons to scroll through the digital effects, until the one you want is displayed.
❚ NOTES ❚
• Playing a demo tune (page E-8) automatically changes the effect to the
one that is assigned to the tune. You cannot change or cancel a demo
tune effect.
• Changing the effect setting while sound is being output by the keyboard
causes a slight break in the sound when the effect changes.
• The DSP effect is applied not only to the notes you play on the keyboard, but also to rhythms and Auto Accompaniment patterns. Note that
effects 3 through 6, and effect 8 can produce a mood that is not suitable
for certain types of music when they are applied to rhythms and Auto
Accompaniment. When this happens, you can turn off application of the
effect to the rhythm and Auto Accompaniment by using the Mixer to set
the effect send volume of the accompaniment channel to zero. For details on the actual procedure for doing this, see “Changing the Parameters of a Channel” on page E-30.
• Setting the keyboard’s MAIN VOLUME slider to high volume when Effect 9 (EQ Loudness) is being applied can cause distortion for certain
tones and rhythm patterns. When this happens, lower the MAIN VOLUME setting.
To use the MODULATION Wheel
While playing melody notes with your right hand, rotate
the MODULATION wheel with your left to apply vibrato
to the notes.
• The amount of vibrato applied depends on how far you rotate the
MODULATION wheel upwards. Setting the wheel to its neutral
position (rotated as far downwards as it can go) turns vibrato off.
❚ NOTES ❚
• Modulation can be used to add greater expression to sustained melody
notes being played using a violin, synthetic reed, or other similar tone.
• Modulation affects different tones in different ways.
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Auto Accompaniment
RHYTHM
MODE
Number keys
AMP ENVELOPE
7
FULL RANGE
CHORD
8
9
MAX
SUSTAIN
4
FINGERED
5
6
PITCH ENVELOPE
CASIO CHORD
00 FLAT
1
MIN
2
/NO
SONG
DECAY
EXTERNAL
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
PATTERN
ACC VOL. CHORD1
BANK
PARAMETER RESET:
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
3
01-17 VIBRATO
/YESS
18-45 OTHERS
0
DELETE
[+]/[–]
STORE
START/STOP
This keyboard automatically plays bass and chord parts in accordance
with the chords you finger. The bass and chord parts are played using sounds and tones that are automatically selected in accordance
with the rhythm you are using. All of this means that you get full,
realistic accompaniments for the melody notes you play with your
right hand, creating the mood of an one-person ensemble.
About the MODE Button
Use the MODE button to select the accompaniment mode you want
to use. Each press of the MODE button cycles through the available
accompaniment modes as shown in the illustration below.
❚ NOTES ❚
• Always input three digits for rhythm numbers, including any leading zeros if necessary (as in 032). The rhythm number input display clears
after a few seconds if you don’t input three digits.
• You can also change the displayed rhythm number using [+] and [–].
• The 10 rhythm numbers 120 to 129 are provided for storage of rhythm
patterns created by you using the Pattern Sequencer. You can also recall these rhythms using the procedure described above. Simply input a
rhythm number from 000 to 119.
• Rhythms 110 through 119 (FOR PIANO II) are made up of chord accompaniments only, without drum or other rhythm sounds. Because of
this, these rhythms do not sound while auto accompaniment is turned
off (all the indicator lamps above the MODE button are off). You can
specify chords by using these rhythms while auto accompaniment is
turned on (indicated when one of the indicator lamps above the MODE
button is lit) or with Free Session.
Auto Accompaniment off
FULL RANGE
CHORD
FULL RANGE CHORD
FINGERED
FINGERED
CASIO CHORD
CASIO CHORD
Playing a Rhythm
Press the START/STOP button to start play of the currently selected
rhythm. You can then play along with the rhythm on the keyboard.
To stop rhythm play, press START/STOP again.
❚ NOTE ❚
• Only rhythm sounds are produced when all accompaniment mode
lamps are off.
• The currently selected accompaniment mode is shown by the mode
lamps above the MODE button. Information on using each of these
modes starts from page E-22.
Chords will sound along with the rhythm if any of the three accompaniment mode lamps above the MODE button is lit. If you want to play the
rhythm pattern without chords, press the MODE button until all of the lamps
are off.
Selecting a Rhythm
This keyboard provides you with 120 exciting built-in rhythms that
you can select using the following procedure.
To select a rhythm
1.
2.
3.
Find the rhythm you want to use in the keyboard’s
Rhythm List and note its rhythm number.
Press the RHYTHM button.
Use the number keys to input the three-digit rhythm
number for the rhythm you want to select.
Example: To select “042 JUNGLE” press 0, 4 then 2.
Ju n gle
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MODE
AMP ENVELOPE
FULL RANGE
CHORD
7
8
9
4
5
6
MAX
PITCH ENVELOPE
CASIO CHORD
00 FLAT
1
MIN
2
3
/NO
SONG
DECAY
SUSTAIN
FINGERED
EXTERNAL
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
PATTERN
ACC VOL. CHORD1
BANK
START/STOP
18-45 OTHERS
0
PARAMETER RESET:
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
01-17 VIBRATO
/YESS
DELETE
STORE
TEMPO
4.
Adjusting the Tempo
You can adjust the tempo (number of beats per minute) of rhythm
play within a range of 30 to 255.
To stop Auto Accompaniment play, press the START/
STOP button again.
To adjust the tempo
■ CASIO CHORD
Press one of the TEMPO buttons to increase [왖] or decrease [왔] the tempo setting.
This method of chord play makes it possible for anyone to easily play
chords, regardless of previous musical knowledge and experience.
The following describes the CASIO CHORD “Accompaniment keyboard” and “Melody keyboard”, and tells you how to play CASIO
CHORDs.
CASIO CHORD Accompaniment Keyboard and Melody
Keyboard
❚ NOTES ❚
• Pressing both TEMPO buttons (왖 and 왔) at the same time resets the
tempo to the default value of the currently selected rhythm.
• The tempo value indicates the number of quarter note beats per minute.
Accompaniment
keyboard
Melody keyboard
Using Auto Accompaniment
The following procedure describes how to use the keyboard’s Auto
Accompaniment feature. Before starting, you should first select the
rhythm you want to use and set its tempo to the value you want.
To use Auto Accompaniment
1.
IMPORTANT!
The accompaniment keyboard can be used for playing chords only. No
sound will be produced if you try playing single melody notes on the accompaniment keyboard.
Use the MODE button to select FULL RANGE
CHORD, FINGERED, or CASIO CHORD as the accompaniment mode.
• The currently selected accompaniment mode is the one whose
lamp is lit. See “About the MODE Button” on page E-21 for
details.
2.
3.
Press the START/STOP button to start play of the currently selected rhythm.
Play a chord to start Auto Accompaniment.
• The actual procedure you should use to play a chord depends
on the currently selected accompaniment mode. Refer to the
following pages for details on chord play.
CASIO CHORD ........................... Page E-22
FINGERED ................................... Page E-23
FULL RANGE CHORD ............. Page E-23
Ju n gle
Name of chord being played
Current measure and beat
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Chord Types
C
Cm
Cdim
Caug *1
Csus4
C7 *2
Cm7 *2
Cmaj7 *2
Cm7-5
C7-5 *1
C7sus4
Cadd9 *2
Cmadd9 *2
CmM7 *2
Cdim7 *1
CASIO CHORD accompaniment lets you play four types of chords
with minimal fingering.
Chord Types
Example
Major chords
Major chord names are marked above
the keys of the accompaniment keyboard. Note that the chord produced
when you press an accompaniment
keyboard does not change octave, regardless of which key you use to play
it.
C Major (C)
Minor chords (m)
To play a minor chord, keep the major chord key depressed and press any
other accompaniment keyboard key
located to the right of the major chord
key.
C minor (Cm)
Seventh chords (7)
To play a seventh chord, keep the
major chord key depressed and press
any other two accompaniment keyboard keys located to the right of the
major chord key.
C seventh (C7)
Minor seventh chords (m7)
To play a minor seventh chord, keep
the major chord key depressed and
press any other three accompaniment
keyboard keys located to the right of
the major chord key.
C minor seventh (Cm7)
CC#DE E FF#GA A B B CC# DE E F
CC#DE E FF#GA A B B CC# DE E F
CC#DE E FF#GA A B B CC# DE E F
CC#DE E FF#GA A B B CC# DE E F
*1: Inverted fingerings cannot be used. The lowest note is the root.
*2: The same chord can be played without pressing the 5th G.
❚ NOTE ❚
It makes no difference whether you press black or white keys to the right
of a major chord key when playing minor and seventh chords.
■ FINGERED
FINGERED provides you with a total of 15 different chord types. The
following describes the FINGERED “Accompaniment keyboard” and
“Melody keyboard”, and tells you how to play a C-root chord using
FINGERED.
FINGERED Accompaniment Keyboard and Melody Keyboard
Accompaniment
keyboard
See the “Fingered Chord Chart” on page A-6 for details on playing
chords with other roots.
Melody keyboard
❚ NOTES ❚
• Except for the chords specified in note*1 above, inverted fingerings (i.e.
playing E-G-C or G-C-E instead of C-E-G) will produce the same chords
as the standard fingering.
• Except for the exception specified in note*2 above, all of the keys that
make up a chord must be pressed. Failure to press even a single key
will not play the desired FINGERED chord.
■ FULL RANGE CHORD
This accompaniment method makes it possible to play a total of 38
chord variations: the 15 available with FINGERED plus 23 additional variations. The keyboard interprets any input of three or more keys
that matches a FULL RANGE CHORD pattern to be a chord. Any
multi-key input that is not a FULL RANGE CHORD pattern is interpreted as melody play. Because of this, there is no need for a separate
accompaniment keyboard, and the entire keyboard from end-to-end
can be used for both melody and chords.
FULL RANGE CHORD Accompaniment Keyboard and
Melody Keyboard
IMPORTANT!
The accompaniment keyboard can be used for playing chords only. No
sound will be produced if you try playing single melody notes on the accompaniment keyboard.
Accompaniment keyboard/Melody keyboard
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MODE
AMP ENVELOPE
FULL RANGE
CHORD
7
8
9
4
5
6
1
2
3
DECAY
MAX
SUSTAIN
FINGERED
PITCH ENVELOPE
CASIO CHORD
00 FLAT
MIN
VARIATION/FILL-IN
/NO
SONG
EXTERNAL
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
CH 5
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
PATTERN
NORMAL/FILL-IN
INTRO
ACC VOL. CHORD1
BANK
SYNCHRO/ENDING
The following table identifies patterns that are recognized as chords
by FULL RANGE CHORD.
Pattern Type
Number of Chord Variations
FINGERED
The 15 chord patterns shown under
“FINGERED” on page E-23. See the
“Fingered chord chart” on page A-6 for
details on playing chords with other
roots.
23 standard chord fingerings. The following are examples of the 23 chords
available with C as the bass note.
C6 • Cm6 • C69
C# D
E
F
G
A
B
•
•
•
•
•
•
C C
C
C
C
C
C
B C#m Dm Fm Gm Am Bm
•
•
•
•
•
•
C
C
C C
C
C
C
Dm7-5 A7 F7 Fm7 Gm7 Aadd9
•
•
•
•
•
C
C
C C
C
C
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
18-45 OTHERS
DELETE
STORE
AUTO HARMONIZE
Music Example
Tone: 016
Rhythm: 002
Tempo: 072
D
Bm
A
Bm
G
A
C
A
G
4 D
4 4
4
#
Using an Intro Pattern
This keyboard lets you insert a short intro into a rhythm pattern to
make startup smoother and more natural.
The following procedure describes how to use the Intro feature. Before starting, you should first select the rhythm you want to use, and
set the tempo.
PREPARATION
• Select a rhythm and set its tempo.
• Select the accompaniment mode you want to use.
To insert an intro
Example: To play the chord C major.
Either of the fingerings shown in the illustration below will produce
C major.
1.
Press the INTRO button to start the selected rhythm
with an intro pattern.
• With the above setup, the intro pattern is played and the auto
accompaniment with intro pattern starts as soon as you play
chords on the accompaniment keyboard.
1
E G
01-17 VIBRATO
/YESS
0
PARAMETER RESET:
START/STOP
Chords Recognized by This Keyboard
Standard Fingerings
CH 6
C
❚ NOTE ❚
The standard rhythm pattern starts to play after the intro pattern is complete.
E
G
C
2
1 ........ Chord C
C
2 ........ Chord C
E
❚ NOTES ❚
• As with the FINGERED mode (page E-23), you can play the notes that
form a chord in any combination (1).
• When the lowest note of a chord is separated from its neighboring note
by six or more semitones, the lowest note becomes the bass note (2).
Using a Fill-in Pattern
Fill-in patterns let you momentarily change the rhythm pattern to
add some interesting variation to your performances.
The following procedure describes how to use the Fill-in feature.
To insert a fill-in
1.
2.
Press the START/STOP button to start rhythm play.
Press the NORMAL/FILL-IN button to insert a fill-in
pattern for the rhythm you are using.
❚ NOTE ❚
The fill-in pattern does not play if you press the NORMAL/FILL-IN button
while an intro pattern is playing.
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Using Variation Rhythm Patterns
In addition to the standard rhythm pattern, you can also switch to a
secondary “variation” rhythm pattern for a bit of variety .
To change to the variation rhythm pattern
1.
2.
Press the START/STOP button to start rhythm play.
Press the VARIATION/FILL-IN button to switch to the
variation pattern for the rhythm you are using.
❚ NOTE ❚
To switch back to the normal (non-variation) rhythm pattern, press the
NORMAL/FILL-IN button.
To insert a fill in into a variation rhythm
❚ NOTE ❚
The timing when the ending pattern starts depends on when you press the
SYNCHRO/ENDING button. If you press the button before the second beat
of the current measure, the ending pattern starts playing immediately. Pressing the button at any point in the measure after the second beat results in
the ending pattern playing from the beginning of the following measure.
Using Auto Harmonize
When you are using Auto Accompaniment, Auto Harmonize automatically adds three additional notes to your melody in accordance
with the chord that is being played. The result is a harmony effect
that makes your melody line richer and fuller.
To use Auto Harmonize
1.
While a variation rhythm pattern is playing, press the VARIATION/FILL-IN button to insert a fill in pattern for the variation rhythm you are using.
Use the MODE button to select FINGERED or CASIO
CHORD as the accompaniment mode.
• The currently selected accompaniment mode is the one whose
lamp is lit. See “About the MODE Button” on page E-21 for
details.
Auto Accompaniment off
Synchro Starting Accompaniment with
Rhythm Play
FULL RANGE
CHORD
FULL RANGE CHORD
FINGERED
FINGERED
You can set up the keyboard to start rhythm play at the same time
you play the accompaniment on the keyboard.
CASIO CHORD
CASIO CHORD
PREPARATION
• Select a rhythm and set its tempo.
• Select the accompaniment mode you want to use.
To use synchro start
1.
2.
2.
• This causes the AUTO HARMONIZE indicator to appear on
the display.
Press the SYNCHRO/ENDING button to put the keyboard into synchro start standby.
Play a chord on the accompaniment keyboard.
• The rhythm pattern starts to play automatically as soon as
you play a chord.
❚ NOTES ❚
• Only the rhythm plays (without chords) if all the lamps above the MODE
button are off.
• If you press the INTRO button before playing anything on the keyboard,
the rhythm starts automatically with an intro pattern when you play something on the keyboard.
• To cancel synchro start standby, press the SYNCHRO/ENDING button
one more time.
Press AUTO HARMONIZE to turn on Auto Harmonize.
3.
4.
Start Auto Accompaniment play, and play something
on the keyboard.
To turn off Auto Harmonize, press AUTO HARMONIZE.
• This causes the AUTO HARMONIZE indicator to disappear.
❚ NOTES ❚
• Auto Harmonize turns off temporarily whenever you start demo tune
play, or perform a Synthesizer or floppy disk operation (WK-1800 only).
It turns back on as soon as the operation or function that caused it to
turn off is finished.
• Note that you cannot use Auto Harmonize and layer at the same time.
• Auto Harmonize is enabled only when the Auto Accompaniment mode
is FINGERED or CASIO CHORD.
Finishing with an Ending Pattern
You can end your performances with an ending pattern that brings
the rhythm you are using to a natural-sounding conclusion.
To finish with an ending pattern
While the rhythm is playing, press the SYNCHRO/ENDING button.
• This causes the ending pattern to play, which brings rhythm accompaniment to an end.
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CH5 (ACC VOL.)
CHANNEL
FREE SESSION
ONE TOUCH PRESET
AMP ENVELOPE
FULL RANGE
CHORD
MODE
7
8
9
4
5
6
DECAY
MAX
SUSTAIN
FINGERED
PITCH ENVELOPE
CASIO CHORD
00 FLAT
1
MIN
VARIATION/FILL-IN
2
/NO
SONG
EXTERNAL
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
PATTERN
NORMAL/FILL-IN
INTRO
ACC VOL. CHORD1
BANK
SYNCHRO/ENDING
PARAMETER RESET:
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
3
01-17 VIBRATO
/YESS
18-45 OTHERS
0
DELETE
STORE
START/STOP
Cursor keys
About Auto Harmonize notes and tones
Using Free Session
The notes you play on the keyboard are called “melody notes,” while
the notes added to the melody by Auto Harmonize is called the “harmonize notes.” Auto Harmonize normally uses the tone you selected
for the melody notes as the tone for the harmonize notes, but you can
use the Mixer (page E-28) to specify a different tone for the harmonize notes.
The harmonize note tone is assigned to Mixer Channel 2, so change
Channel 2 to the tone you want to use for the harmonize notes.
In addition to the tone, you can also use the Mixer to change a number of other parameters, such as volume balance. See “Changing the
Parameters of a Channel” on page E-30 for details on these procedures.
This keyboard comes pre-programmed with a collection of “Free Sessions,” which are Auto Accompaniments that automatically match
chord progression, tone, tempo and other settings to the currently
selected rhythm pattern. Starting a Free Session causes the entire keyboard to become a melody keyboard for play along with the repeating chord progression of the Free Session.
❚ NOTES ❚
• The default harmonize note tone when you first turn on Auto Harmonize
is the same tone as the melody note tone.
• Changing the melody tone setting automatically changes the harmonize note tone to the same setting.
Pre-programmed settings in accordance with the selected rhythm
pattern are used whenever Free Session is turned on.
•
•
•
•
Chord progression
Keyboard tone and volume
Layer or Auto Harmonize on/off
Layered tone and volume (when layer is turned on) or harmonize
tone and volume (when harmonize is turned on).
• Tempo
• Accompaniment volume
To use Free Session
Using One-touch Preset
One-touch preset automatically makes the settings listed below in
accordance with the rhythm pattern you are using.
• Keyboard tone and volume
• Layer or Auto Harmonize on/off
• Layered tone and volume (when layer is turned on) or harmonize
tone and volume (when harmonize is turned on).
• Tempo
• Accompaniment volume
To use one-touch preset
1.
2.
3.
4.
Select the rhythm you want to use.
Use the MODE button to select the accompaniment
mode you want to use.
Press the ONE TOUCH PRESET button.
• This automatically makes the one-touch preset settings in accordance with the rhythm you selected.
Start rhythm and Auto Accompaniment, and play
something on the keyboard.
• Accompaniment is played using the one touch preset settings.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Select the rhythm you want to use.
Press the FREE SESSION button.
• The lamp above the button lights to indicate that Free Session is turned on.
Press the START/STOP button.
• This starts the repeating chord progression of the preset Auto
Accompaniment to match the selected rhythm.
• Press START/STOP again if you want to stop the progression.
To turn off Free Session, press the FREE SESSION button again.
• The lamp above the FREE SESSION button is not lit when
Free Session is turned off.
❚ NOTES ❚
• The default root note of the first chord is C (See “Free Session Chord
Progression Chart” on page A-2 for details). You can change to a different root by pressing the corresponding key within the accompaniment
keyboard instead of START/STOP in the above procedure.
• You can also use the INTRO, NORMAL/FILL-IN, VARIATION/FILL-IN,
and SYNCHRO/ENDING buttons while Free Session accompaniment
is playing.
• Tone and tempo settings can be changed while a Free Session Auto
Accompaniment is playing. The rhythm pattern can also be changed
while a Free Session Auto Accompaniment is playing, but the chord
progression does not change in this case unless you stop Auto Accompaniment and restart it.
• You must stop the Auto Accompaniment to change the root note of the
first chord.
• Changing to a rhythm pattern with a different meter can affect chord
change timing.
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Turning Auto Accompaniment Parts On
and Off
Auto Accompaniment patterns are made up of five parts, named:
Chord 1, Chord 2, Chord 3, Bass, and Rhythm. You can turn these
parts on and off to create exactly the type of accompaniment pattern
you want. Parts are turned on and off using channel buttons 6 through
10. The table below shows the relationship between accompaniment
parts and channel buttons.
Auto Accompaniment Part
Chord 1
Channel Button
CH6
Chord 2
Chord 3
CH7
CH8
Bass
Rhythm
CH9
CH10
See “Turning Channels On and Off“ on page E-29 for full details on
how to turn Auto Accompaniment parts on and off.
❚ NOTE ❚
With some rhythm patterns, some parts are assigned all rests (which mean
they normally do not play even when turned on).
Adjusting the Accompaniment Volume
The following procedure adjusts the overall volume of all the accompaniment parts by specifying a value in the range of 000 (minimum)
to 127 (maximum).
• Accompaniment volume can be changed in the Internal Mode only.
See “Mixer Modes” on page E-28 for details on the Internal Mode.
1.
2.
Press the CH5 (ACC VOL.) button.
Use the [왖] and [왔] cursor keys to increase or decrease the displayed value.
Acom pVol
New accompaniment volume setting
❚ NOTES ❚
• You can also use the Mixer to adjust the volume for each individual Auto
Accompaniment part. See “Mixer Function” on page E-28 for details.
• The accompaniment volume setting screen is cleared if you do not input
anything for about five seconds.
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Mixer Function
CHANNEL
MIXER SELECT
AMP ENVELOPE
FULL RANGE
CHORD
7
8
9
4
5
6
DECAY
MAX
SUSTAIN
FINGERED
PITCH ENVELOPE
CASIO CHORD
00 FLAT
1
MIN
2
/NO
SONG
EXTERNAL
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
PATTERN
ACC VOL. CHORD1
BANK
Mixer Features
The Auto Accompaniment feature and sequencers of this keyboard
can play up to 16 different musical instrument parts at the same time.
You can also play along on the keyboard, and even use layer and
split to add even more instrument parts.
For example, the following table shows the seven parts that would
play if you use layer to play two tones on the keyboard while Auto
Accompaniment play is in progress.
PARAMETER RESET:
3
01-17 VIBRATO
/YESS
18-45 OTHERS
0
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
DELETE
STORE
Channel
Number
CH1
CH2
CH3
Channel Button
Name
UPPER1
Part
Main tone
Layered tone
Auto Harmonize harmony tone
Split tone
UPPER2
LOWER1
CH4
Layered/split tone
Auto Harmonize split tone
LOWER2
(1)
(2)
Keyboard
Main tone
Layered tone
CH5
CH6
Main accompaniment volume
Auto Accompaniment chord 1
ACC VOL.
CHORD1
(3)
(4)
Auto Accompaniment
Chord 1
Chord 2
CH7
CH8
Auto Accompaniment chord 2
Auto Accompaniment chord 3
CHORD2
CHORD3
(5)
(6)
Chord 3
Bass
CH9
CH10
Auto Accompaniment bass
Auto Accompaniment rhythm
BASS
RHYTHM
(7)
Rhythm
CH11
CH12
Song Sequencer track 1
Song Sequencer track 2
TR1
TR2
CH13
CH14
Song Sequencer track 3
Song Sequencer track 4
TR3
TR4
CH15
CH16
Song Sequencer track 5
Song Sequencer track 6
TR5
TR6
The Mixer makes it possible for you to turn each of the above parts
on and off, and also specify the tone, volume, stereo (pan) point, and
DSP effect for each.
❚ NOTE ❚
The above explanation applies to the Mixer’s Internal Mode.
❚ NOTES ❚
Parts and Channels
Each part for keyboard play, Auto Accompaniment patterns and Song
Sequencer tunes is assigned to one of 16 channels. You can use the
Mixer to select a channel and adjust various parameters of the assigned part. The following table shows the parts assigned to each
channel.
• In this manual, “channel” is abbreviated as “CH,” which matches the
channel numbers marked on the keyboard above the CHANNEL buttons.
• The CHANNEL button name in the above table corresponds to the text
marked on the keyboard below the CHANNEL buttons.
• The part names shown in the “Part” column of the above table correspond to the parts that can be selected using the Mixer’s internal mode.
In the case of the External Mode (see following section), the part assigned to each channel corresponds to each MIDI channel.
Mixer Modes
The Mixer has two main modes, an Internal mode and an External
Mode, each of which is described in detail below.
Internal Mode
This mode lets you control each channel (internal channels) when
using the keyboard internal control (keyboard play, Auto Accompaniment, Song Sequencer playback). This is the default Mixer mode
whenever you turn on keyboard power.
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Keyboard
play
1
2
3
Auto Accompaniment
play
4
5
6
7
8
Song Sequencer
play
To select the Mixer mode
Press the MIXER SELECT button to toggle between the Mixer mode
sub-modes as shown in the illustration below. The currently selected
mode is indicated on the display.
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Internal
Internal Channel
The internal mode allows independent control of there 16 internal channels.
External
External Mode
The External Mode provides control of each channel (external channels) when the keyboard’s sound source is under control (MIDI input, SMF playback*) of an external device.
External/Solo
MIDI input or SMF plauback*
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
External/Play
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
External Channel
The External Mode allows independent control of there 16 external channels.
The External Mode has three sub-modes: External, External/Solo, and
External/Play.
External ................... This is the basic External Mode, which is used
for most external channel parameters.
External/Solo ........ This mode turns one channel on and all other
channels off. It is used playing MIDI input (or
SMF playback*) that simultaneously uses multiple channels of the keyboard’s sound source.
External/Play ........ This mode is a mirror of the External/Solo Mode.
It turns one channel off and all other channels on.
It comes in handy, for example, when you want
to turn off a specific part of SMF playback* and
play along on the keyboard.
❚ NOTES ❚
• The internal channels controlled by the internal mode are completely
different from the external channels controlled by the external mode.
This means that there are a total of 32 different channels. The Mixer
mode saves internal mode and External Mode parameters separately
from each other.
• The External Mode is for MIDI (or SMF playback*). Operation of the
External/Play Mode is particularly suited to MIDI play. See “MIDI” on
page E-60 for information about how the Mixer is used during MIDI operations.
* SMF Playback (WK-1800 only)
The built-in disk drive of the WK-1800 allows playback of SMF
(standard MIDI files) from diskette. See “Using the Floppy Disk
Drive (WK-1800 Only)” on page E-67 for details.
Turning Channels On and Off
Press the CHANNEL buttons to toggle individual channels on and
off. Indicators on the display show the current on/off status of each
channel.
Channel off
Channel on
The channel affected and the operation performed when a CHANNEL button is pressed depends on what Mixer mode you are in, as
described below.
Internal Mode
• Each press of a CHANNEL button toggles the applicable channel
on and off (except CH5).
• The on/off status of each channel determines the on/off status of
the corresponding part for keyboard play, Auto Accompaniment,
and Song Sequencer playback.
• Changing to a different rhythm causes Mixer Settings for CH6
through CH10 to change to the default settings assigned to the new
rhythm. These settings also change to the defaults for the currently
selected rhythm pattern whenever you switch between the Intro,
Normal, Variation, Fill-in, and Ending patterns.
External Mode
On/off settings in this mode affect MIDI input and SMF playback
channels (WK-1800 only).
• In the External Mode, each press of CHANNEL button CH1 through
CH16 toggles the applicable channel on and off.
• In the External/Solo Mode, pressing a CHANNEL button turns on
that channel and turns all the other channels off.
• In the External/Play Mode, pressing a CHANNEL button turns off
that channel and turns all the other channels on.
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Number keys
MIXER SELECT
AMP ENVELOPE
7
FULL RANGE
CHORD
8
9
MAX
SUSTAIN
FINGERED
4
5
1
2
6
PITCH ENVELOPE
CASIO CHORD
00 FLAT
MIN
/NO
SONG
DECAY
EXTERNAL
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
PATTERN
ACC VOL. CHORD1
BANK
PARAMETER RESET:
3
18-45 OTHERS
0
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
01-17 VIBRATO
/YESS
DELETE
[+]/[–]
STORE
ENTER
Changing the Parameters of a Channel
Use the following procedure to change the parameters of each individual channel.
5.
To change channel parameters
1.
Press the MIXER SELECT button to select the Mixer
mode you want to use.
• Select the internal mode to make layer, split, Auto Accompaniment, or Song Sequencer settings.
• Select the External Mode to make MIDI settings.
• You can also make settings using the External/Solo or External/Play Modes, but we recommend using the External
Mode.
2.
Use the [왗] and [왘] cursor keys to select the channel
whose parameters you want to change.
• See page E-28 for details on layer, split, Auto Accompaniment, and Song Sequencer channel assignments.
• The frame around the currently selected channel (the current channel) flashes, to indicate that it is selected.
After making additional settings in step 4, press the
ENTER button.
• If you do not perform any operation for about five seconds
while a channel number frame is flashing, the display returns to that in step 1 of the above procedure automatically.
PREPARATION
• Turn off the Synthesizer, Song Sequencer, or Pattern Sequencer if any
of them are turned on.
Cursor keys
❚ NOTES ❚
• Internal Mode and External Mode settings you make with the above
procedure are stored separately.
• You can change the parameters of a channel regardless of whether the
channel is on or off.
• Changing a Mixer internal mode channel setting causes the MIDI message that corresponds to the change to be output through the MIDI OUT
terminal.
To make additional channel parameter settings
When making channel parameter settings, press the ENTER button
to display the first additional channel parameter screen.
Use the [왖] and [왔] cursor keys to scroll through the setting screens
shown below.
While any setting screen is on the display, use the number keys or [+]
and [–] to change the parameter to the value you want.
Parameter
Screen
Program Change Number
Channel number frame
[▲]
• The on/off status of the current channel is indicated in the
measure number area of the display (item 11 on page E-10).
Off .........
On .........
3.
Change the current channel’s tone and volume parameters while a channel number frame is flashing, if
you want.
• Use the number keys or [+] and [–] keys to change the tone.
• Use [왖] and [왔] to change the volume. The current volume
setting is shown as a value in the metronome area of the display (item 15 on page E-10), and by the level indicator.
3-segment level
indicator shows
volume level of
each channel.
and
Pan
000 ∼ 127
E f f ec t
000 ∼ 127
F i neTune
–50 ∼ 00 ∼ 50
C . Tune
–12 ∼ 00 ∼ 12
[▼]
Coarse Tune
[▲]
000 ∼ 127
[▼]
Fine Tune
[▲]
V o l ume
[▼]
Effect Send
[▲]
000 ∼ 231
[▼]
Pan
[▲]
P r og . No .
[▼]
Volume
[▲]
Setting Range
[▼]
Expr ess
Expression
000 ∼ 127
See the following section titled “Additional Channel Mode Parameters” on page E-31 for details on what each of these parameters controls.
❚ NOTES ❚
4.
To make additional settings for the current channel,
press the ENTER button while a channel number frame
is flashing.
• See “To make additional channel parameter settings” for
details on making additional channel parameters.
• The first screen is normally the pan screen. If you used the additional
channel parameter screens since turning on power, the last setting you
used appears first.
• You can use the [왗] and [왘] cursor keys to change the current channel
while an additional channel parameter screen is on the display.
• Channel 10 is reserved for drum sounds, so only tone number 192 to
199 can be selected.
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Additional Channel Mode Parameters
The following describes each of the additional channel mode parameters.
Program Change Number
This parameter controls the tone assigned to the channel.
Volume
This is the parameter that controls the volume of the selected channel.
Pan
This parameter controls the pan pot, which is the center point of the
left and right stereo channels. Setting 064 specifies center, a value
less than 064 moves the point left and a value greater than 064 moves
it right.
Effect Send
This parameter controls the depth of the digital effect (DSP) for each
channel. Enhancer and Loudness, however, are not changed.
Fine Tune
This parameter controls the fine tuning of the selected channel’s pitch
in cent units.
Coarse Tune
This parameter controls the coarse tuning of the selected channel’s
pitch in semitone units.
Expression
This parameter controls the volume of the selected channel. Though
this parameter is identical to the volume parameter, it is used for
desktop music applications.
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Synthesizer Mode
The Synthesizer of this keyboard provides all the tools you need for
creating your own original tones. Simply select one of the built-in
tones and change its parameters to create your own original sound.
You can even store your sounds in memory for later recall using the
same procedure as that used to select a preset tone.
Volume
Synthesizer Functions
The following describes how to use each of the functions available
with the Synthesizer.
Press key
Synthesizer Parameters
The sounds of the preset tones built into this keyboard are controlled
by settings called “parameters.” To create a user tone, you first recall
a preset tone and then change its parameters. Note that drum set
tones (192 through 199) cannot be used as the basis of a user tone.
The figure below shows the parameters that make up the preset tones
and what each parameter does. As you can see, these parameters can
be divided into four groups, each of which is described in detail in
the following pages.
This parameter affects
tone characteristics.
● PCM set
Time
This parameter affects
volume.
● Amp envelope set
Release key
● Sudden attack, followed by a gradual decay. ●
(3) Tone Pitch Parameters
■ Pitch
This parameter controls the overall pitch of the tone.
■ Pitch Envelope Set
This parameter provides a variety of pitch envelopes from which you
can choose.
❚ NOTE ❚
Output
Pitch envelope 00 selects “No change (flat),” 01 through 17 selects “Vibrato,” and 18 through 45 selects “Other.”
(4) Volume, Tone Quality, Parameters
● Pitch
● Pitch envelope set
These parameters affect
pitch.
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
■ Attack Rate
This parameter lets you set the speed of the attack (the period from
the point when you press a key to the point that the tone reaches its
maximum volume). Use this parameter to make fine adjustments to
the tone characteristics of the amp envelope you are using.
Attack rate
Release rate
Level
Touch sensitivity
Filter sensitivity
Filter level
Pan
Transpose
Volume
These parameters affect
volume, tone quality, and
how notes are sounded.
(1) Tone Characteristic Parameter
■ PCM Set
This parameter determines the characteristics of a tone by switching
its digitally sampled waveform. You can select a piano, guitar, synthesizer, or any other of a variety of musical instrument and digitally
sampled waveforms.
(2) Volume Characteristic Parameter
■ Amp Envelope Set
This set gives you a choice of a variety of different volume envelopes
(changes in volume over time): slow attack when a key is pressed,
quick attack when a key is pressed, continued sound while a key is
depressed, etc.
Attack Rate
Time
Press key
● Tone with slow attack ●
Volume
Volume
Attack Rate
Time
Press key
● Tone with quick attack ●
Time
Press key
Release key
● Gradual attack, followed by a lingering tone. ●
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■ Release Rate
This parameter controls the speed of a tone’s release (the period from
the point when you release a key to the point that the tone stops sounding). Use this parameter to make fine adjustments to the tone characteristics of the amp envelope you are using.
Volume
1DCO and 2DCO Tones
“DCO” stands “Digitally Controlled Oscillator,” and it represents the
smallest unit of sound output by this keyboard. Some of the built-in
tones are simple tones (1DCO), and some are layered tones (2DCO).
Whenever you select a 2DCO tone as the basis for creating a user
tone, remember that you must change the parameters of both of the
tones (DCO1 and DCO2) that make up the layered 2DCO tone.
DCO2
Release Rate
DCO1
● PCM set
● Amp envelope set
Time
●
●
●
●
●
●
● Pitch
● Pitch envelope set
Release key
● Tone with slow release ●
Attack rate
Release rate
Level
Touch sensitivity
Pan
Transpose
Volume
Saving User Tones
Release Rate
Time
Release key
The group of tone numbers from 200 through 231 (USER01 through
USER32) is called the “user area” because they are reserved for storage of user tones. After you recall a preset tone and change its parameters to create your own user tone, you can store it in the user
area for later recall. You can recall your tones using the same procedure that you use when selecting a preset tone.
Tone numbers
Tone
000∼127
GM Tone
● Tone with quick release ●
■ Level
This parameter controls the overall volume of the tone.
■ Touch Sensitivity
This parameter controls changes in the volume of the tone in accordance with pressure applied to the keyboard keys. You can specify
more volume for stronger and less volume for lighter pressure, less
volume for stronger pressure, or the same volume regardless of how
much pressure is applied to the keys.
■ Filter Sensitivity
This parameter uses a digital filter to controls change in the quality
of the tone in accordance with pressure applied to the keyboard keys.
Select the preset tone
■ Filter Level
This parameter controls how the digital filter is applied.
■ Pan
This parameter controls the stereo center point when using the keyboard’s built in speakers and when otherwise producing stereo output.
■ Transpose
This parameter controls how much the key of the keyboard should
be raised or lowered.
128∼191
Synthesized
tone
192∼199
Drum Set
200∼231
User Area
Save as an original tone
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Change parameters
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TONE
Number keys
AMP ENVELOPE
FULL RANGE
CHORD
7
8
9
4
5
6
MAX
SYNTH
PITCH ENVELOPE
CASIO CHORD
00 FLAT
1
MIN
2
/NO
SONG
DECAY
SUSTAIN
FINGERED
EXTERNAL
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
PATTERN
ACC VOL. CHORD1
BANK
PARAMETER RESET:
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
3
01-17 VIBRATO
/YESS
18-45 OTHERS
0
DELETE
[+]/[–]
STORE
Cursor keys
❚ NOTES ❚
• When the keyboard is shipped from the factory, the user area (tones
200 to 231) contain the same tones as tones 128 through 159.
• You cannot use a drum set tone (192 to 199) as the basis of a user tone.
• Whenever you save a tone and assign it one of the tone numbers in the
user area, any tone data previously assigned to that number is replaced
with the new data.
• The keyboard comes with a built-in lithium battery that supplies power
to the memory to retain memory contents while keyboard power is turned
off. See “Lithium Battery Precautions” on page E-4 for important information about the lithium battery.
• You can use the keyboard’s MIDI capabilities to save your original tones
to a computer or other external storage device. See “Bulk Sending Keyboard Data” on page E-65 for details.
• With the WK-1800, you can use the built-in disk drive to save original
tones to diskette. See “Using the Floppy Disk Drive (WK-1800 Only)” on
page E-67 for details.
Creating a User Tone
Use the following procedure to select a preset tone and change its
parameters to create a user tone.
1.
First, select the preset tone you want to use as a basis
for your user tone.
ChrchOrg
4.
Use [+] and [–] to change the setting of the currently
displayed parameter.
• You can also use the number keys to input a value to change
a parameter setting. See “Parameters and Their Settings” below for information on setting range for each parameter.
5.
If the preset tone you selected in step 1 is a 2DCO
tone, press [왔] twice to display the DCO2 parameters.
Dco 2
6.
7.
Repeat steps 3 and 4 to set the DCO2 parameters.
• Press [왖] two more times to return to the DCO1 parameters.
Play something on the keyboard.
• To save the tone you created, perform the procedure under
“Naming a User Tone and Storing It In Memory” (page E35), starting from step 2.
• To exit user tone creation and return the tone to its original
parameters, press the SYNTH button twice or the TONE button once.
Parameters and Their Settings
The following describes the function of each parameter and also shows
its setting range.
2.
Press the SYNTH button.
• This causes the indicator lamp next to the SYNTH button to
light and displays a screen that shows whether the tone you
selected is a DCO1 or DCO2 tone.
DCO 1
3.
■ PCM Set (000 to 288)
This parameter switches the digitally sampled waveform.
PCM= 0 5 0
■ Amp Envelope Set (000 to 288)
This parameter controls volume characteristics over time.
Use [왗 ] and [왘] to display the parameter whose setting you want to change.
Aen v=02 6
• Each press of [왗] or [왘] changes to the next parameter. See
“Parameters and Their Settings” on this page for information about each parameter.
Aenv=050
■ Attack Rate (001 to 127)
This parameter controls the speed of the attack. The greater the value, the faster the attack of the selected amp envelope.
A t kR= 1 2 7
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■ Release Rate (001 to 127)
This parameter controls the speed of a tone’s release. The greater the
value, the faster the release of the selected amp envelope.
■ Filter Level (000 to 127)
This parameter controls the extent to which the digital filter is applied. The greater the value, the more open the filter and the clearer
the sound produced. A smaller value softens the sound.
Re l R= 0 1 2
F l ev=127
■ Pitch Envelope Set (00 to 45)
This parameter controls the pitch of a tone over time.
User Tone Creation Hints
Penv= 00
■ Pitch (–64 to 63)
This parameter controls the overall pitch of the tone. A greater positive value raises the pitch from standard, while a negative value lowers the pitch. A setting of zero sets the pitch to the standard setting
for the selected tone.
P t ch= 00
■ Transpose (–12 to 12)
This parameter raises and lowers overall tuning by semitone units. A
setting of –12 is one octave lower, while 12 is 1 octave higher.
T r an= 00
The following hits provide helpful advice on making user tone creation a bit quicker and easier.
Use a preset tone that is similar to the one you are trying to create.
Whenever you already have a rough idea of the tone you are trying
to create, it is always a good idea to start with a preset tone that is
similar. If you want to use a layered tone, start out with a 2DCO tone.
Determine the most important parameter.
The PCM Set and Amp Envelope Set parameters are the major factors that determine the overall personality of a tone. Start out with
these two parameters to get the general sound you want, and then
use the other parameters to add the finishing touches.
Experiment with various different settings.
There are no real rules about what a tone should sound like. Let your
imagination run free and experiment with different combinations.
You may be surprised at what you can achieve.
DATA EXAMPLE
Tone Name
No.
■ Level (000 to 127)
This parameter controls the overall volume of the tone. The greater
the value, the greater the volume. Setting a level of zero means that
the tone does not sound at all.
Lve l =096
■ Touch Sensitivity (–64 to 63)
This parameter controls changes in the volume of the tone in accordance with the pressure applied to the keyboard keys. A greater positive value increases the volume of the output as pressure increases,
while a negative value decreases volume with increased keyboard
pressure. A setting of zero specifies no change in output volume in
accordance with keyboard pressure.
■ Pan (–64 to 63)
This parameter controls the stereo center point when using the keyboard's built-in speakers and when otherwise producing stereo output. A larger value moves the center point to the right, while a smaller value moves it to the left.
Pan=
00
■ Filter Sensitivity (000 to 127)
This parameter controls changes in the quality of the tone in accordance with pressure applied to the keyboard keys. A greater value
increases the change in tone quality as pressure increases, while a
smaller value decreases the change in tone quality. A setting of zero
specifies no change.
Fsns=127
169
DCO1
DCO2
PCM Set
000 ~ 288
244
245
2
Amp Envelope Set
000 ~ 288
244
245
3
Attack Rate
001 ~ 127
087
087
4
Release Rate
001 ~ 127
027
027
5
Pitch Envelope Set
00 ~ 45
00
00
6
Pitch
–64 ~ 00 ~ 63
00
00
7
Transpose
–12 ~ 00 ~ 12
00
00
8
Level
000 ~ 127
087
090
59
9
Touch Sense
–64 ~ 00 ~ 63
–09
10
Pan
–64 ~ 00 ~ 63
–63
63
11
Filter Sense
000 ~ 127
000
118
12
Filter Level
000 ~ 127
079
087
◆Press keys hard/soft
Tone Name
LFO Bell + Saw
Parameter
Base tone number
088
Range of Value
DCO1
DCO2
1
PCM Set
000 ~ 288
112
113
2
Amp Envelope Set
000 ~ 288
112
113
3
Attack Rate
001 ~ 127
089
115
4
Release Rate
001 ~ 127
028
028
5
Pitch Envelope Set
00 ~ 45
00
00
6
Pitch
–64 ~ 00 ~ 63
–04
04
7
Transpose
–12 ~ 00 ~ 12
00
00
8
Level
000 ~ 127
087
095
63
9
Touch Sense
–64 ~ 00 ~ 63
63
10
Pan
–64 ~ 00 ~ 63
00
00
11
Filter Sense
000 ~ 127
019
019
12
Filter Level
000 ~ 127
075
095
◆Hold down keys
Naming a User Tone and Storing It In
Memory
The following procedure shows how to assign a name to a user tone
and store the tone in memory. Once a tone is stored, you can call it up
just as you do with a preset tone.
E-35
733A-E-037A
WK-1800/1600(E)-32~38
Base tone number
Range of Value
1
No.
Tsns=- 32
Strings + S.Sax
Parameter
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Adobe PageMaker 6.5J/PPC
TONE
Number keys
AMP ENVELOPE
FULL RANGE
CHORD
7
8
9
4
5
6
MAX
00 FLAT
1
MIN
2
/NO
EXTERNAL
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
PATTERN
ACC VOL. CHORD1
BANK
PARAMETER RESET:
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
3
To name a user tone and store it in memory
2.
18-45 OTHERS
DELETE
6.
• [+] and [–] input alpha characters, while the number keys
input numerals.
MS ER 1 6
• This causes the message “Save?” to appear on the display.
3.
4.
Use the number keys to change the user area tone
number on the display until the one where you want
to store the tone is shown.
• You can select any tone number from 200 to 231.
No . = 2 1 5
5.
7.
Press [왘] to move to the next character. Repeat step 6
to input the rest of the characters of the name.
MY S YN T H
8.
Press ENTER to save the user tone.
Press YES in response to the “Save?” message to display the destination user area tone number.
No . = 2 0 0
Cursor keys
Use [+] and [–] and the number keys to display the
first character of the name.
After making parameter settings to create the user tone,
press the SYNTH button.
• To abort the save operation without saving anything, press
NO, which causes the message “Delete?” to appear on the
display. Press NO to return to the parameter setting screen
without deleting the tone.
• Pressing YES while the “Delete?” message is on the screen
deletes the tone and exits the Synthesizer.
[+]/[–] (YES/NO)
STORE
Select a preset tone to use as the basis for the user
tone. Next, press the SYNTH button and change the
parameter settings to create your tone.
Save?
01-17 VIBRATO
/YESS
0
ENTER
1.
SYNTH
PITCH ENVELOPE
CASIO CHORD
SONG
DECAY
SUSTAIN
FINGERED
Rep l ac e?
• Press YES to save the new tone and replace any tone data
already assigned to the tone number you selected. Pressing
NO does not save the tone and returns to the screen in step
2, above.
• To cancel the save operation and exit the Synthesizer, press
SYNTH or TONE. Pressing the SYNTH button again (before
selecting another tone) returns to the Synthesizer with all of
your parameter settings still in place.
❚ NOTE ❚
Auto Harmonize, layer, split, Auto Accompaniment, demo tunes, Song
Sequencer, Pattern Sequencer, MIDI, and floppy disk (WK-1800 only) operations are all disabled while you are using the Synthesizer.
Press ENTER.
Letters and Numerals
• This displays the user tone input screen to appear, with the
first character of the default tone name flashing, which indicates that you can input letters.
• If you do not want to assign a name, skip steps 6 and 7.
The table below shows the letters and numerals that you can input
for a tone name.
U S ER 1 6
A B C D E
K L M N O
U V W X Y
& ’ ( ) —
、 0 1 2 3
9
E-36
WK-1800/1600(E)-32~38
F G H
P Q R
Z ! #
@ ^ —
4 5 6
I J
S T
$ %
{ }
7 8
733A-E-038A
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Adobe PageMaker 6.5J/PPC
Registration Memory
REGISTRATION
AMP ENVELOPE
FULL RANGE
CHORD
7
8
9
4
5
6
DECAY
MAX
SUSTAIN
FINGERED
PITCH ENVELOPE
CASIO CHORD
00 FLAT
1
MIN
2
/NO
SONG
EXTERNAL
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
PATTERN
ACC VOL. CHORD1
BANK
3
01-17 VIBRATO
/YESS
18-45 OTHERS
0
PARAMETER RESET:
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
DELETE
STORE
BANK
Registration Memory Features
Setup Names
Registration memory lets you store up to 20 (5 sets x 4 banks) keyboard setups for instant recall whenever you need them. The following is a list of settings that are saved in registration memory.
Set ups are stored into registration memory by assigning them names.
Each setup name consists of a bank number from 0 to 3, followed by
a letter from A to E. The 20 setup names range from 0A through 3E as
shown below.
Registration Memory Settings
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Tone
Rhythm
Tempo
Split on/off
Split point
Layer on/off
Auto Harmonize on/off
Mixer settings
Keyboard channel on/off
DSP (digital effect) on/off
DSP (digital effect) settings
Accompaniment mode
Touch Response settings
Assignable jack setting
Transpose
Tuning
Pitch Bend range
Sound range shift on/off
BANK
STORE
1
❚ NOTES ❚
• Registration memory functions are disabled while you are using the Synthesizer, Song Sequencer, Pattern Sequencer, demo tune function, or
floppy disk operations (WK-1800 only).
• Registration memory contains factory default setups when you first purchase the keyboard and after you initialize the keyboard (page E-15).
Try recalling some of the default setups to see what they do.
2
A
B
C
D
E
BANK 0
0-A
0-B
0-C
0-D
0-E
BANK 1
1-A
1-B
1-C
1-D
1-E
BANK 2
2-A
2-B
2-C
2-D
2-E
BANK 3
3-A
3-B
3-C
3-D
3-E
1 Use the BANK button to select the bank. Each press of BANK cycle through the bank numbers from 0 to 3.
2 Use the REGISTRATION buttons to specify the letter part of the
setup name.
❚ NOTES ❚
• Whenever you save a setup and assign it a setup name, any setup data
previously assigned to that name is replaced with the new data.
• The keyboard comes with a built-in lithium battery that supplies power
to the memory to retain memory contents while keyboard power is turned
off. See “Lithium Battery Precautions” on page E-4 for important information about the lithium battery.
• You can use the keyboard’s MIDI capabilities to save your setup data to
a computer or other external storage device. See “Bulk Sending Keyboard Data” on page E-65 for details.
• With the WK-1800, you can use the built-in disk drive to save setup data
to diskette. See “Using the Floppy Disk Drive (WK-1800 Only)” on page
E-67 for details.
E-37
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WK-1800/1600(E)-32~38
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Adobe PageMaker 6.5J/PPC
REGISTRATION
AMP ENVELOPE
FULL RANGE
CHORD
7
8
9
4
5
6
MAX
PITCH ENVELOPE
CASIO CHORD
00 FLAT
1
MIN
2
/NO
SONG
EXTERNAL
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
PATTERN
ACC VOL. CHORD1
BANK
To Save a Setup in Registration Memory
Select a tone and rhythm, and otherwise set up the
keyboard the way you want it.
• See “Registration Memory Settings” on page E-37 for details
on what data is stored in the registration memory.
2.
PARAMETER RESET:
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
3
01-17 VIBRATO
/YESS
18-45 OTHERS
0
DELETE
STORE
BANK
1.
DECAY
SUSTAIN
FINGERED
STORE
To Recall a Setup from Registration
Memory
1.
Use the BANK button to select the bank you want.
Use the BANK button to select the bank.
• If you do not perform any operation for about five seconds
after pressing the BANK button, the keyboard automatically clears the registration memory recall screen.
• If you do not perform any operation for about five seconds
after pressing the BANK button, the display returns to the
contents in step 1, above.
Bank
• Bank 0 selected.
Bank
2.
Press the REGISTRATION button to input the letter
part of the setup name.
Re ca l l
• Bank 1 selected.
Bank
3.
• The setup name along with the message “Recall” appear on
the display for about five seconds.
❚ NOTE ❚
While holding down the STORE button, press a REGISTRATION button.
If you press a REGISTRATION button without using the BANK button to
select a bank first, the last bank number selected is used.
• The following display appears when you press the B button.
Store
4.
Release the STORE and REGISTRATION button.
❚ NOTES ❚
• The setup is saved as soon as you press a REGISTRATION button in
step 3, above.
• With the WK-1800, you can batch save all setups to diskette. See “Using the Floppy Disk Drive (WK-1800 Only)” on page E-67 for details.
E-38
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Adobe PageMaker 6.5J/PPC
Using the Song Sequencer
PITCH BEND
MODULATION
VARIATION/FILL-IN
FULL RANGE
CHORD
AMP ENVELOPE
7
8
9
4
5
6
MAX
PITCH ENVELOPE
CASIO CHORD
00 FLAT
1
MIN
2
/NO
EXTERNAL
SONG
INTRO
CH 4
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
ACC VOL. CHORD1
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
PARAMETER RESET:
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
01-17 VIBRATO
/YESS
18-45 OTHERS
0
DELETE
STORE
Global Settings and Operations
A global setting or operation is one that affects all the tracks that make
up a song. The following is a list of the global settings and operations.
Songs and Tracks
The Song Sequencer records and plays back much like a standard
tape recorder. You can have up to two separate, independent songs
in Song Sequencer memory at the same time.
Each song is make up of a total of six tracks, each of which can be
recorded separately. Then when you play back the tracks together, it
sounds like an entire group of musicians, each playing a different
part.
Playing back
Playing back
Recording
Recording
Track 3
Song
CH 3
3
SYNCHRO/ENDING
The built-in Song Sequencer lets you record up to two separate songs
in memory for later playback.
Recording
CH 2
BANK
NORMAL/FILL-IN
Track 2
CH 1
PATTERN
INTERNAL
Track 1
DECAY
SUSTAIN
FINGERED
・・・
・・・
・・・
Track 4
Track 5
Track 6
As shown in the illustration above, you add tracks one-by-one while
listening to the tracks you recorded previously.
❚ NOTES ❚
• With this keyboard, Track 1 can be used to record keyboard play and
Auto Accompaniment. Tracks 2 through 6 can be used for keyboard
play only, so they are called melody tracks. As shown in the illustration
above, you record Tracks 2 through 6 while listening to what you have
already recorded up to that point.
• Note that each track is independent of the others. This means that even
if you make a mistake while recording, you only need to re-record the
track where the mistake was made.
• Tone settings can be changed during recording, and each tone change
is recorded in the applicable track. This means you can have up to six
different instrument parts in one song.
•
•
•
•
•
Metronome setting
Song delete
Meter setting
Initial tempo value
Quantize setting after recording
See “Global Settings and Operations” on page E-45 for full details on
what each setting and operation does, and how to use them.
Song Sequencer Data
The type of data that is stored by the Song Sequencer during a recording operation depends on whether you are using real-time recording or punch-in recording. The same type of data is recorded
regardless of the track, except that only Track 1 records Auto Accompaniment.
Real-time Recording – Track 1 Only
The following data is recorded by Track 1 in addition to the data listed described under “Real-time Recording – All Tracks” below.
• Rhythm pattern and rhythm pattern changes during recording
• INTRO, SYNCHRO/ENDING, NORMAL/FILL-IN, VARIATION/
FILL-IN button operations
• Chords played on the accompaniment keyboard
Real-time Recording – All Tracks
•
•
•
•
•
Notes played on the keyboard
Initial tone setting and any changes made during recording
PITCH BEND Wheel operations
MODULATION Wheel operations
Pedal operations (when an optional pedal is connected)
Recording
Punch-in Recording – Track 1 Only
There are two methods you can use to record with the Song Sequencer: real-time recording and punch-in recording.
The following data is recorded by Track 1 only during punch-in recording.
• Rhythm pattern changes during recording
• Chord specifications
• INTRO, SYNCHRO/ENDING, NORMAL/FILL-IN, VARIATION/
FILL-IN button operations
Real-time Recording
With this method, notes are recorded as you play them on the keyboard.
Punch-in Recording
This method lets you re-record from a specific section of a song that
is already in memory. You can use punch-in recording to correct mistakes you made during real-time recording.
E-39
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PITCH BEND
SONG
MODULATION
MODE
AMP ENVELOPE
FULL RANGE
CHORD
7
8
9
4
5
6
MAX
PITCH ENVELOPE
CASIO CHORD
00 FLAT
1
MIN
RECORD
EXTERNAL
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
ACC VOL.
CHORD1
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
PATTERN
INTRO
NORMAL/FILL-IN
VARIATION/FILL-IN
BANK
Notes played on the keyboard
Initial tone setting and any changes made during recording
PITCH BEND Wheel operations
MODULATION Wheel operations
Pedal operations (when an optional pedal is connected)
3
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
01-17 VIBRATO
/YESS
18-45 OTHERS
0
PARAMETER RESET:
DELETE
[+]/[–]
STORE
START/STOP
SYNCHRO/ENDING
Punch-in Recording – Tracks 1 through 6
•
•
•
•
•
2
/NO
SONG
DECAY
SUSTAIN
FINGERED
ENTER
• Turning off the keyboard while a record operation is in progress
causes any data partially recorded to a track to be deleted.
• Song Sequencer memory contents can be sent to a computer or other
external device as MIDI data for storage. See “Bulk Sending Keyboard Data” on page E-65 for details.
• With the WK-1800, you can also store Song Sequencer memory data
on a floppy diskette. See “Using the Floppy Disk Drive (WK-1800
Only)” on page E-67 for details.
Unrecorded Data
The following data is not recorded by the Song Sequencer.
• Touch Response on/off setting
• One-touch preset operations
• Registration memory operations
• Free Session
• Layer, split, Auto Harmonize settings
Song Sequencer Modes
The song sequencer has two modes: a Record/Playback Mode for
real-time recording, punch-in recording, and song playback, and a
Global Mode. The following illustration shows how each of these
modes is indicated.
One-time Only Settings
Song Sequencer Off
Unlit
Tempo
SONG
Only one tempo setting can be made at the beginning of the recording. Tempo cannot be changed while recording is in progress.
Mixer (CH11 to CH16)
Record/Playback Mode
Mixer settings can be made at the beginning of the recording only,
but they can be changed after the recording is complete. The Mixer
settings in effect when you enter record standby are the ones that are
recorded.
Lit
SONG
T UNE 1
Global Mode
Song Sequencer Memory Capacity
Song Sequencer memory capacity depends on the keyboard model.
WK-1800 : 8,000 notes
WK-1600/1630 : 4,900 notes
• Available notes can all be used for a single song, or divided between two songs.
• The measure number (item 11 on page E-10) and beat number (item
10 on page E-10) flashing on the display during recording indicates that memory is almost full (space for about 100 notes or less
remaining).
• Recording stops automatically as soon as memory becomes full.
Auto Accompaniment and rhythm pattern play also stops at this
time if you are using them.
Song Sequencer Memory Precautions
Note the following important points about data stored in Song Sequencer Memory.
• Recording to a track that already contains data replaces the previous recording with the new one.
• The keyboard comes with a built-in lithium battery that supplies
power to the memory to retain Song Sequencer memory data. If
this lithium battery goes dead, memory contents are deleted any
time keyboard power is turned off. The normal life of the original
battery is five years from the time it is loaded at the factory. It is up
to you to contact your nearest CASIO service provider about having the lithium battery replaced periodically. Note that the cost for
battery replacement will be charged to you.
Flash
SONG
Me t r = R e c
• The indicator lamp above the SONG button is off when the Song
Sequencer is turned off.
• Pressing the SONG button once turns on the Song Sequencer and
enters the Record/Playback Mode. The indicator lamp above the
SONG button turns on at this time.
• Pressing the SONG button again changes to the Global Mode, which
causes the indicator lamp above the SONG button to flash.
• Pressing the SONG button exits the Global Mode.
• Pressing the ENTER button in the Global Mode returns to the
Record/Playback Mode.
Real-time Recording
Note that the procedure you use for Track 1 is different from that for
Tracks 2 through 6.
PREPARATION
• Determine the tones and rhythms (if any) that you want to use.
• Use the MODE button to select the Auto Accompaniment mode you want
to start recording with. If you do not want to start with Auto Accompaniment, select OFF.
• Set the tempo that you want to use during recording.
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❚ NOTES ❚
• You can change the tone and rhythm while recording is in progress. Any
changes you make become part of the recorded data.
• The tempo you use for recording does not affect the tempo of the playback. This means you can record at a very slow tempo for easy play,
and then speed up the tempo for playback.
• If you are using a rhythm pattern, notes are recorded using the meter
(time) of the rhythm pattern. If you are not using a rhythm pattern, you
must set the meter yourself using the procedure under “Meter (3)” on
page E-46.
• The following procedure shows the most basic operations for real-time
recording to Track 1. For other variations, see “Track 1 Real-time Recording Variations” on this page.
To use real-time recording in Track 1
1.
Press the SONG button once.
2.
Select the user song area to which you want to record.
• This causes the indicator lamp above the SONG button to
light.
• Use [+] and [–] to select User Song Area 0 (SG0) or User Song
Area 1 (SG1).
T UNE 1
• Change Mixer settings (CH1) if you want. The Mixer settings
you make for CH1 are copied to Track 1 during recording.
3.
7.
After you are finished playing, press START/STOP
again to stop recording.
• The REC indicator clears from the display when recording is
stopped.
• Pressing START/STOP again at this point plays back the song
that you just finished recording. See “Playing Back from Song
Sequencer Memory” on page E-45 for details on song playback.
❚ NOTES ❚
• Real-time recording to a track that already contains data replaces the
previous recording with the new one.
• If you make a mistake while recording, you can either record over again
from step 1, or you can use punch-in recording (page E-42) to correct
them.
• If you change the rhythm pattern part way through real-time recording,
the meter value indicated on the display remains unchanged, even if
the new rhythm has a different meter.
Track 1 Real-time Recording Variations
The following describes a number of different variations you can use
when recording to Track 1 using real-time recording. All of these variations are based upon the procedure described under “To use realtime recording in Track 1” on this page.
● To record without rhythm
Skip step 5. Real-time recording without a rhythm starts when you
press a keyboard key.
Press the RECORD button to enter record standby.
• The REC indicator and the frame around the CH11 (Track 1)
flashes on the display.
TUNE 1
● To start recording with synchro start
In place of step 5, press the SYNCHRO/ENDING button. Auto-accompaniment and recording will both start when you play a chord on the
accompaniment keyboard.
● To record using an intro, ending, or fill-in
During recording, the INTRO, SYNCHRO/ENDING, NORMAL/
FILL-IN, and VARIATION/FILL-IN buttons (page E-24 to 25) can all
be used to perform their normal operation.
• Track 1 (CH11) is automatically selected as the record track
whenever you enter record standby.
• Channels CH 11 through CH 16 of the level meter show which
tracks already contain recorded data. See “Level Meter During Record Operations” on page E-44 for details on how to
read the level meter.
4.
Make any tone, rhythm, or accompaniment mode setting you want.
5.
Press the START/STOP button to start recording.
6.
Play the notes you want to record on the keyboard.
• At this time the REC indicator stops flashing.
• The metronome normally sounds during recording. If you
want to turn off the metronome, use the procedure under
“Metronome Setting (1)” on page E-46.
● To synchro start Auto Accompaniment with an intro
pattern
In place of step 5, press the SYNCHRO/ENDING button and then
the INTRO button. Auto Accompaniment will start with the intro
pattern when you play a chord on the accompaniment keyboard.
● To start Auto Accompaniment part way into a recording
In place of step 5, press the SYNCHRO/ENDING button and then
start playing on the melody keyboard to start recording without accompaniment. When you reach the point where you want accompaniment to start, play a chord on the accompaniment keyboard to start
Auto Accompaniment.
• Chords played on the accompaniment keyboard in accordance with the accompaniment method selected with the
MODE button are also recorded in Track 1.
• PITCH BEND Wheel and pedal operations are also recorded. See “Real-time Recording–All Tracks” on page E-39 for
details.
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CHANNEL
SONG
AMP ENVELOPE
FULL RANGE
CHORD
7
8
9
4
5
6
1
2
3
MAX
PITCH ENVELOPE
CASIO CHORD
00 FLAT
MIN
RECORD
/NO
EXTERNAL
SONG
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
PATTERN
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
ACC VOL. CHORD1
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
BANK
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
PARAMETER RESET:
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
To use real-time recording in Tracks 2 through 6
❚ NOTE ❚
If you are performing real-time recording in Tracks 2 through 6 immediately after you finished real-time recording in Track 1, skip steps 1 and 2 of
the following procedure.
1.
Press the SONG button once.
2.
Select the user song area to which you want to record.
7.
[+]/[–]
8.
After you are finished, press START/STOP to stop recording.
• The REC indicator disappears from the display when recording is stopped.
9.
At this point you can repeat steps 3 through 8 for other tracks, if you want.
Punch-in Recording
Note that the procedure you use for Track 1 is different from that for
Tracks 2 through 6.
PREPARATION
• Determine the tones that you want to use.
• Set the tempo that you want to use during recording.
• The REC indicator appears, and the frame around the currently selected channel (track) flashes on the display.
❚ NOTES ❚
• You can change tone and rhythm while recording is in progress.
• The previously recorded rhythm pattern is automatically selected at first,
but you can change the rhythm during punch-in recording. Changing
the rhythm during punch-in recording, however, may cause the metronome display and rhythm beat to be out of synch with the rhythm that is
playing.
• The tempo you use for recording does not affect the tempo of the playback. This means you can record at a very slow tempo for easy play,
and then speed up the tempo for playback.
• Channels CH 11 through CH 16 of the level meter show which
tracks already contain recorded data. See “Level Meter During Record Operations” on page E-44 for details on how to
read the level meter.
5.
6.
DELETE
Press the RECORD button to enter record standby.
TUNE 1
4.
18-45 OTHERS
0
ENTER
• This causes the indicator lamp above the SONG button to
light.
• Use [+] and [–] to select User Song Area 0 (SG0) or User Song
Area 1 (SG1).
• Change Mixer settings for the channel if you want. The Mixer settings you make for the channel are copied to applicable track during recording.
01-17 VIBRATO
/YESS
STORE
START/STOP
3.
DECAY
SUSTAIN
FINGERED
To use punch-in recording in Track 1
1.
Select the track to which you want to record.
• Use CHANNEL buttons CH12 (Track 2) through CH16 (Track
6) to select the track you want.
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
2.
Press the SONG button once.
• This causes the indicator lamp above the SONG button to
light.
Select the user song area that contains the song whose
contents you want to change using punch-in recording.
• Use [+] and [–] to select User Song Area 0 (SG0) or User Song
Area 1 (SG1).
T UNE 1
Make any tone setting you want.
Press the START/STOP button to start recording.
• At this time the REC indicator stops flashing.
• The metronome normally sounds during recording. If you
want to turn off the metronome, use the procedure under
“Metronome Setting (1)” on page E-46.
Play the notes you want to record on the keyboard.
3.
Press the RECORD button to enter record standby.
• The REC indicator appears, and the frame around the CH11
(Track 1) flashes on the display.
TUNE 1
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• Channels CH 11 through CH 16 of the level meter show which
tracks already contain recorded data. See “Level Meter During Record Operations” on page E-44 for details on how to
read the level meter.
4.
5.
Make any tone setting you want.
Press the ENTER button to enter the Punch-in Mode.
Punch I n
6.
7.
Press the START/STOP button to start playback of the
song in the user song area you selected in step 2.
To use punch-in recording in Tracks 2 through 6
❚ NOTE ❚
If you are performing punch-in recording in Tracks 2 through 6 immediately after you finished punch-in recording in Track 1, skip steps 1 and 2 of
the following procedure.
1.
2.
3.
• Playback from memory stops and recording begins as soon
as you play something on the keyboard.
• You can change the rhythm setting while recording is in
progress.
• Continue playing until the end of the song.
After you are finished, press START/STOP to stop recording.
• The REC indicator disappears from the display when recording is stopped.
• After recording is stopped, you can press the START/STOP
button to playback what you have just recorded. See “Playing Back from Song Sequencer Memory” on page E-45 for
details on the type of data recorded to Song Sequencer memory.
Press the RECORD button to enter record standby.
• The REC indicator appears, and the frame around the CH11
(Track 1) flashes on the display.
TUNE 1
Punch In
8.
Select the user song area that contains the song whose
contents you want to change using punch-in recording.
• Use [+] and [–] to select User Song Area 0 (SG0) or User Song
Area 1 (SG1).
When playback reaches the part you want to change,
play the new part on the keyboard.
• You can also change Auto Accompaniment chords during
punch-in recording by playing chords on the accompaniment
keyboard.
• If a synchro start operation is already recorded in Track 1,
playing something on the accompaniment keyboard starts
rhythm play and records it.
See “Synchro Starting Accompaniment with Rhythm Play”
on page E-25 or details on using synchro start.
Press the SONG button once.
• This causes the indicator lamp above the SONG button to
light.
• Channels CH 11 through CH 16 of the level meter show which
tracks already contain recorded data. See “Level Meter During Record Operations” on page E-44 for details on how to
read the level meter.
4.
5.
6.
Select the track whose contents you want to change.
• Use CHANNEL buttons CH12 (Track 2) through CH16 (Track
6) to select the track you want.
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
Make any tone setting you want.
Press the ENTER button to enter the Punch-in Mode.
Punch I n
• Pressing the ENTER button again exits the Punch-in Mode.
7.
8.
Press the START/STOP button to start playback of the
song in the user song area you selected in step 2.
When playback reaches the part you want to change,
play the new part on the keyboard.
• Playback of the current track stops and punch-in recording
starts as soon as you play something on the keyboard.
• Pressing the ENTER button instead of playing something on
the keyboard starts recording of a blank in the selected track
(except for the accompaniment of Track 1) until you play
something.
• Continue playing until the end of the song.
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CHANNEL
MODE
AMP ENVELOPE
FULL RANGE
CHORD
7
8
9
4
5
6
MAX
PITCH ENVELOPE
CASIO CHORD
00 FLAT
1
MIN
RECORD
2
/NO
SONG
DECAY
SUSTAIN
FINGERED
EXTERNAL
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
PATTERN
ACC VOL. CHORD1
PARAMETER RESET:
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
3
18-45 OTHERS
0
DELETE
SONG
BANK
START/STOP
9.
After you are finished, press START/STOP to stop recording.
Cursor keys
STORE
TEMPO
[+]/[–] (YES/NO)
01-17 VIBRATO
/YESS
ENTER
3.
• The REC indicator disappears from the display when recording is stopped.
10. At this point you can repeat steps 3 through 9 for oth-
Press the RECORD button to enter record standby.
• The REC indicator appears, and the frame around the CH11
(Track 1) flashes on the display.
TUNE 1
er tracks, if you want.
Playback Tracks
When recording to a track with the Song Sequencer, the contents of
any tracks that are already recorded normally play back. These are
called playback tracks. You can turn playback tracks on (so they play
during recording) or off (so they don’t play). See “Turning Channels
On and Off” on page E-29 for details.
Level Meter During Record Operations
Channels CH11 through CH16 correspond to Tracks 1 through 6.
During record standby, the level meter shows which tracks are already recorded. Three level meter segments indicate a channel is already quoted, while no segment indicates that the channel is empty
(unrecorded).
• Channels CH 11 through CH 16 of the level meter show which
tracks already contain recorded data. See “Level Meter During Record Operations” on this page for details on how to
read the level meter.
4.
5.
6.
To Delete the Contents of a Specific
Track
Note that a track delete operation cannot be undone. Make sure you
no longer need the contents of a track before you delete them.
1.
2.
Press [+] and [–] at the same time.
Su r e?
Recorded tracks
Empty (unrecorded) tracks
Select the track whose contents you want to delete.
• Use CHANNEL buttons CH11 (Track 1) through CH16 (Track
6) to select the track you want.
Press YES to delete the selected track or NO to abort
the delete operation.
C om p l e t e
• After a few moments, the keyboard exits the record operation.
• The message “dEL No Data” appears on the display for about
one second if the track you selected in step 4 does not contain any data.
Press the SONG button once.
• This causes the indicator lamp above the SONG button to
light.
Select the user song area that contains the track whose
contents you want to delete.
• Use [+] and [–] to select User Song Area 0 (SG0) or User Song
Area 1 (SG1).
T UNE 1
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Playing Back from Song Sequencer
Memory
Use the following procedure when you want to play back the contents of Song Sequencer memory.
• Skip steps 1 and 2 of the following procedure if you have just finished a real-time recording operation.
To play back from Song Sequencer memory
1.
2.
Global Settings and Operations
A global setting or operation is one that affects all the tracks that make
up a song. The following is a list of the global settings and operations.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Metronome setting
Song delete
Meter setting
Initial tempo value
Quantize setting after recording
Quantize execution
Press the SONG button once.
• This causes the indicator lamp above the SONG button to
light.
To make global settings
Select the user song area that contains the song you
want to play back.
1.
• Use [+] and [–] to select User Song Area 0 (SG0) or User Song
Area 1 (SG1).
3.
Press the START/STOP button to start playback.
4.
Press the START/STOP button again to stop playback.
• Use the TEMPO buttons to adjust the playback tempo.
• See the notes below for other operations you can perform
during playback.
❚ NOTES ❚
• Pressing the START/STOP button starts playback from the beginning of
the selected song.
• You can play along on the keyboard during Song Sequencer playback.
You can use layer, and split for keyboard play.
• You can use the Mixer to adjust the volume level and stereo points of
the playback track. Such settings are output from MIDI OUT when they
are made.
• You cannot change the MODE button setting during Song Sequencer
playback.
2.
Press the SONG button once.
• This causes the indicator lamp above the button to light.
Select the user song area that contains the song whose
global settings you want to change.
• Use [+] and [–] to select User Song Area 0 (SG0) or User Song
Area 1 (SG1).
3.
4.
Press the SONG button again.
• This causes the indicator lamp above the button to flash, and
the first global setting screen to appear on the display.
Use the [왗 ] and [왘 ] cursor keys to scroll through the
global setting and operation screens.
• The numbers shown to the left of the sample displays below
correspond to the following sections that provide details on
each setting.
Me t r = R e c
1
[ ]
[ ]
During Song Sequencer playback standby and playback, all four cursor keys and the ENTER button function as Mixer operation buttons.
This means you can change Mixer settings for each track for both
recording and playback.
3
Mixer Settings Recorded by Each Track
4
Selecting a song area causes the Mixer settings recorded for each track
to be recalled and assigned to their corresponding channels.
Turning Tracks On and Off
• During playback standby or actual playback, you can turn Tracks
1 through 6 on and off using CHANNEL buttons CH11 through
CH16. This means you can select which channels (parts) you want
to play or even play back a single channel.
• You can also turn the playback of previously recorded channels on
and off during real-time recording.
[ ]
Bt=
4/4
[ ]
Mixer settings are recorded independently for each track. Mixer settings are recorded as track data under either of the following two
conditions.
• Mixer and bend range settings made for CH1 during Song Sequencer playback standby are recorded to the track selected for recording.
• Mixer settings are saved for the applicable channels regardless of
whether they are made during recording or playback.
Mixer Settings During Playback
So ng 0De l
2
Song Sequencer and Mixer Operations
[ ]
[ ]
Tm p o = 1 2 0
[ ]
[ ]
Qt z=
5
[ ]
6
5.
4
[ ]
Qt z Exe?
When the item you want is on the screen, change it to
the setting you want.
• See the explanations following this procedure for details on
making each global setting.
6.
After you are finished making a particular setting, press
the ENTER button to return to the Record/Playback
Mode screen.
• Press [왗 ] or [왘 ] in place of ENTER if you want to change to
another setting screen and make other settings.
❚ NOTE ❚
During real-time recording standby, CHANNEL buttons CH11 through CH16
are used to select the record track. This means you cannot use the CHANNEL buttons to turn playback channels on and off during record standby.
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CHANNEL
AMP ENVELOPE
FULL RANGE
CHORD
7
8
9
4
5
6
MAX
PITCH ENVELOPE
CASIO CHORD
00 FLAT
1
MIN
2
/NO
SONG
DECAY
SUSTAIN
FINGERED
EXTERNAL
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
PATTERN
ACC VOL. CHORD1
BANK
3
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
[+]/[–] (YES/NO)
18-45 OTHERS
0
PARAMETER RESET:
01-17 VIBRATO
/YESS
DELETE
Cursor keys
STORE
TEMPO
ENTER
1)
Metronome Setting (1
3)
Meter (3
This setting controls whether or not the metronome sounds during
Song Sequencer real-time recording and playback.
This setting specifies the meter of the song.
Bt=
Me t r = R e c
Display Indicator
Meaning
Off
Metronome off
Rec
Metronome sounds during recording
only (initial default setting)
R&P
Metronome sounds during recording and
playback
4/4
❚ NOTE ❚
If a song is already recorded with a rhythm, the meter of the rhythm is set
automatically.
Setting
Setting
2/4
3/8
3/4
5/8
Metronome sound: The first beat is a chime, followed by a standard
metronome click for the other beats.
4 / 4 (initial value)
6/8
5/4
7/8
• Use [+] and [–] to change the metronome setting.
6/4
9/8
7/4
2)
Song Delete (2
Use this operation to delete a song from a specific user song area.
So ng 0De l
1.
From the Global menu, use [왗 ] and [왘 ] to display
the “Song0Del” screen, and then press [+] and [–] at
the same time.
• A message appears to confirm whether you want to delete
the song.
Su r e?
2.
• Use [+] and [–] to change the setting.
4)
Initial Tempo (4
This setting specifies the initial tempo value for song playback.
Tm p o = 1 2 0
• Use [+] and [–] to set the initial tempo value within the range of
030 to 255.
• The setting you make here does not affect the tempo during realtime recording.
• You can use the TEMPO buttons to change the tempo of a song
while it is playing. Pressing both the TEMPO buttons at the same
time during song playback returns the tempo to the initial default
value you set here.
Press YES to delete the song or NO to abort the delete
operation without deleting anything.
• Pressing YES causes the message shown below to appear for
about one second. Next, the display returns to the Record/
Playback Mode screen.
C om p l e t e
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5)
Record Quantize Setting (5
This setting determines the quantize value after recording. After recording, quantize adjusts the timing of notes input to each track on
the keyboard to match those selected by the setting you make here.
Qt z=
1.
2.
4
Use the CHANNEL buttons to select the channel
whose quantize setting you want to change.
Use [+] and [–] to change the setting.
Display Indicator
Meaning
4
Quantize quarter notes (initial value)
8
Quantize 8 th notes
8T
Quantize 8 th triplicate notes
16
Quantize 16 th notes
16T
32
32T
64
Quantize 16 th triplicate notes
Quantize 32 nd notes
Quantize 32 nd triplicate notes
Quantize 64 th notes
6)
Quantize Execute (6
Use this procedure to execute the quantize setting made under “Record
Quantize Setting (5)” on this page.
Q t z=Ex e?
1.
Use the [왗 ] and [왘 ] cursor keys to display the “Qtz
Exe?”.
• A message appears to confirm whether you want to execute.
2.
Press YES to execute or NO to abort the operation.
• Pressing YES causes the message “qt Pls Wait” to appear for
about one second. Next, the display returns to the record/
playback mode.
C om p l e t e
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Pattern Sequencer
PITCH BEND
MODULATION
PATTERN
TONE
NORMAL/FILL-IN
AMP ENVELOPE
FULL RANGE
CHORD
7
8
9
4
5
6
MAX
PITCH ENVELOPE
CASIO CHORD
00 FLAT
1
MIN
2
/NO
SONG
DECAY
SUSTAIN
FINGERED
EXTERNAL
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
PATTERN
INTRO
ACC VOL. CHORD1
BANK
PARAMETER RESET:
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
The Pattern Sequencer lets you modify the keyboard’s 120 built-in
Auto Accompaniment patterns or create your own original pattern
from scratch.
Pattern Sequencer Basics
Each Auto Accompaniment pattern is actually a group of six different elements named: normal, intro, variation, normal fill in, variation fill in, and ending. Each element is made up of five parts, named:
Rhythm, Bass, Chord 1, Chord 2, and Chord 3. The following table
shows the makeup of each element.
01-17 VIBRATO
18-45 OTHERS
0
Cursor keys
DELETE
STORE
SYNCHRO/ENDING
VARIATION/FILL-IN
3
/YESS
ENTER
Content that can be recorded to each part of each element
• Tone (TONE button or Mixer function setting. Cannot change inside element.)
• Pan (Set using Mixer.)
• Effect send (Set using Mixer.)
• Expression (Set using Mixer.)
• Chord conversion table
• Break point
Pattern Sequencer Memory Capacity
Variation
Rhythm
Bass
Chord 1
Chord 2
Chord 3
WK-1800 : Approximately 6,800 notes
WK-1600/1630 : Approximately 5,800 notes
• The measure number (item 11 on page E-10) and beat number (item
10 on page E-10) flashing on the display during recording indicates that memory is almost full (space for about 100 notes or less
remaining).
• Recording stops automatically as soon as memory becomes full.
Normal fill-in
Rhythm
Bass
Chord 1
Chord 2
Chord 3
Element Display Indicators
Variation fill-in Rhythm
Bass
Chord 1
Chord 2
Chord 3
Ending
Bass
Chord 1
Chord 2
Chord 3
Element
Parts
Intro
Rhythm
Bass
Chord 1
Chord 2
Chord 3
Normal
Rhythm
Bass
Chord 1
Chord 2
Chord 3
Rhythm
Indicator
Element
Normal
Content that can be recorded to each part within each
element using real-time recording
• Notes played on the keyboard
• PITCH BEND wheel operation (Bend range fixed at 2 for user pattern creation)
• MODULATION wheel operation
• Pedal operation (when an optional pedal is connected)
Press the NORMAL/FILL-IN
button to toggle between normal and normal fill in.
Pattern Sequencer Recording Contents
The Pattern Sequencer lets you record notes for each of the parts that
makes up an element. You can alter any of the elements of a built-in
Auto Accompaniment, or you can create one or more of your own
original elements from scratch.
How to Select
Normal Fill In
Variation
Press the VARIATION/FILLIN button to toggle between
variation and variation fill in.
Variation Fill In
Intro
Press the INTRO button.
Ending
Press the SYNCHRO/END-
Content that can be recorded once for each pattern
• Tempo
• Beat (Only when work area is empty.)
ING button.
Content that can be recorded to each element
• Number of measures
The number of measures for Intro, Normal, Variation, and Ending
can specified only when recording to a blank element. Fill-in is
always one measure long, and cannot be changed.
• Fill-in (Cannot change inside one measure.)
• Original key
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Pattern Sequencer Modes
Normal
Unlit
PATTERN
8beat1
Press PATTERN.
Pattern Create Mode
Lit
N o r ma l
Press
ENTER.
PATTERN
Press PATTERN.
Pattern Edit Mode
[▼]
[▼]
G l oba l ec
Escapeec
[▲]
Flash
[▼]
E l eme n t c
[▲]
P a r t =Re c
PATTERN
[▲]
Press PATTERN.
Flash
Save?
PATTERN
Press PATTERN.
The Pattern Sequencer has two modes: a Pattern Create Mode for
recording a new pattern, and a Pattern Edit Mode for changing the
settings of a pattern.
After you finish creating or editing a pattern, you store it in memory
and assign it a number for later recall.
3.
The following procedure provides the basics for navigating between
Pattern Sequencer modes.
To navigate between Pattern Sequencer
modes
1.
2.
Before turning on the Pattern Sequencer, select the
rhythm you want to use as a base for your original
rhythm.
Press the PATTERN button.
• This enters the Pattern Create Mode, which is indicated when
the indicator lamp above the PATTERN button is lit. The indicator “Ptn” in the tone/rhythm number area of the display (item 3 on page E-10) also indicates that the Pattern Create Mode.
• Entering the Pattern Create Mode copies the rhythm you selected in Step 1 into the Song Sequencer work area. Operations you perform with the Pattern Sequencer affect the pattern that is currently in the work area.
• If the rhythm pattern you selected in step 1 is too large to fit
in the work area, the Message “Ptn Mem Full” appears on
the display for about three seconds. After that, the keyboard
enters to the Pattern Create Mode with the work area empty.
To make more room in the work area for the rhythm pattern,
delete user rhythm patterns stored in the user area (pattern
numbers 100 through 109) that you no longer need.
• In the Pattern Create Mode, you can play back the accompaniment pattern in the work area and even record along with
the playback. See “Using the Pattern Create Mode” on page
E-50 for full details on using the Pattern Create Mode.
4.
Press the PATTERN button again.
• This enters the Pattern Edit Mode, which is indicated when
the indicator lamp above the PATTERN button is flashing.
The indicator “Edt” in the tone/rhythm number area of the
display (item 3 on page E-10) also indicates the Pattern Edit
Mode.
• The Pattern Edit Mode screen can be scrolled between the
following three menus with the [왖] and [왔] cursor keys:
“Global”, “Element”, and “Part”. In addition to the menus,
there is also an Escape screen for exiting the Pattern Edit
Mode. Each contains parameters for making settings for the
accompaniment pattern in the Pattern Sequencer work area.
See “Using the Pattern Edit Mode” on page E-52 for full details on using the Pattern Edit Mode.
• Displaying the Pattern Edit Mode’s “Escape” screen and then
pressing the ENTER button returns to the Pattern Create
Mode in step 2.
Press the PATTERN button again.
• The indicator lamp above the PATTERN button continues to
flash, and the message “Save?” appears on the display. See
“Exiting the Pattern Sequencer Mode” on page E-56 for details on how to save Pattern Sequencer data.
* Work Area
• The work area is an area of memory where rhythm pattern data is
stored temporarily during recording and editing. After you are finished recording or editing, you can specify whether you want to
save work area contents or delete them without saving.
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CHANNEL
PATTERN
TONE
NORMAL/FILL-IN
AMP ENVELOPE
FULL RANGE
CHORD
7
8
9
4
5
6
DECAY
MAX
SUSTAIN
FINGERED
PITCH ENVELOPE
CASIO CHORD
RECORD
00 FLAT
1
MIN
2
/NO
SONG
EXTERNAL
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
PATTERN
INTRO
ACC VOL. CHORD1
BANK
VARIATION/FILL-IN
PARAMETER RESET:
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
• The 10 rhythm numbers 120 through 129 make up the user rhythm
area, where you can store your original rhythms. You can recall a
user rhythm with the same operation as that for recalling a built-in
pattern, and you can even use a user rhythm pattern as the base for
creating a new rhythm pattern.
• The keyboard comes with a built-in lithium battery that supplies
power to the memory to retain memory contents while keyboard
power is turned off. See “Power Requirements” on page E-15 for
important information about the lithium battery.
• You can use the keyboard’s MIDI capabilities to save your original
accompaniment patterns to a computer or other external storage
device. See “Bulk Sending Keyboard Data” on page E-65 for details.
• With the WK-1800, you can use the built-in disk drive to save original accompaniment patterns to diskette. See “Using the Floppy
Disk Drive (WK-1800 Only)” on page E-67 for details.
• You can store up to 10 accompaniment patterns in the user area,
but the actual number of patterns you will be able to store depends
on their sizes. If the patterns you store are relatively large, memory become full after fewer than 10 patterns are stored.
1.
The record procedure is identical, no matter which of the above methods you use.
The following procedure tells you how to play back individual elements of the accompaniment pattern currently stored in the Pattern
Sequencer work area. If you are going to use the base pattern editing
method described above, you can use this procedure to become familiar with all the parts that make up the pattern before you actually
start editing it.
Indicates the currently
selected element.
Original Key
2.
3.
Be sure to save your work whenever you quit an accompaniment pattern
creation session. See “Exiting the Pattern Sequencer Mode” on page E-56
for details.
• From Scratch
With this method, you must input all the parts for all the elements
you want to use. With this method, you must use the procedure
under “Work Area Clear” on page E-54 to clear the Pattern Sequencer work area before you start recording.
While the Pattern Sequencer is turned off, press the
PATTERN button once to enter the Pattern Create
Mode.
Normal
❚ NOTE ❚
• Base Pattern Editing
While playing back the part of a built-in pattern or previously created user pattern, you can add or delete notes, or completely delete a part and replace it with a new one.
4.
Select the element you want to play back.
• The Normal element is always selected first when you initially turn on the Pattern Sequencer.
• Use the following buttons to select the other elements.
NORMAL/FILL-IN ...... Toggles between Normal and Normal Fill-In elements.
VARIATION/FILL-IN .. Toggles between Variation and Variation Fill-In elements.
INTRO ............................. Selects Intro element.
SYNCHRO/ENDING ... Selects Ending element.
Press the START/STOP button.
• The selected element plays in a loop, repeating itself.
• The display shows measure and beat numbers during element playback.
• You can perform the following operations during element
playback.
• Tempo changes
• Part on and off
• Mixer operations*1
• Tone operations*2
To stop playback, press START/STOP again.
*1 The cursor keys and ENTER button function as Mixer operation
buttons during playback. Auto Accompaniment uses internal channels CH6 through CH10, which can be used when making part
settings. See “Changing the Parameters of a Channel” on page E30 for details on using the Mixer to make settings.
*2 You can change the tone setting by pressing TONE button, and
then using the number keys, [+], and [–] to specify a tone number.
The Pattern Sequencer turns off automatically if you do not perform any operation for about five seconds. You can change the
tone settings of each part inside each element.
❚ NOTES ❚
• Pressing the PATTERN button while a pattern is playing stops accompaniment playback and enters the Pattern Edit Mode.
• Use the Mixer to adjust the volume balance between channels. First set
the Global Volume parameter to 127. Next, adjust the Expression parameter volume balance. See “Additional Channel Mode Parameters”
on page E-31 for details.
E-50
WK-1800/1600(E)-48~57
[+]/[–]
Cursor keys
Indicates the Pattern
Create Mode.
IMPORTANT!
You can use either of the two following techniques to create an accompaniment pattern.
DELETE
To play back elements of the accompaniment
pattern in the work area
This section describes how to use the Pattern Create Mode to create
an original accompaniment pattern.
Pattern Creation Techniques
18-45 OTHERS
0
ENTER
Using the Pattern Create Mode
The procedures in this section all assume that you have read and are
familiar with the information under “Pattern Sequencer Basics” on
page E-48, and that you already know how to navigate between Pattern Sequencer modes.
Number keys
01-17 VIBRATO
/YESS
STORE
START/STOP
SYNCHRO/ENDING
Saving an Edited Pattern
3
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To record an accompaniment pattern
PREPARATION
• Select the accompaniment pattern (rhythm) that you want to use as a
base.
• Use the procedure under “To play back elements of the accompaniment
pattern in the work area” on page E-50 to play back the pattern and
become familiar with its elements and parts. During playback, you can
practice playing the notes you plan to record.
• Determine the number (120 to 129) you will assign to the new pattern.
• If you want to use the metronome, use the procedure under “Metronome Setting” on page E-53 to select the metronome setting you want.
7.
• This stops recording, which causes the REC indicator to disappear from the display.
8.
9.
You cannot record accompaniment patterns converted using the
Pattern Conversion Disk. See “Using the Utillities” on page E-71 for
details.
If you playback the base pattern before recording, skip step 1 in the following procedure.
1.
Repeat steps 2 through 7 for each of the elements of
the accompaniment pattern.
See “To exit the Pattern Sequencer Mode and save
work area contents” on page E-56 for details on how
to save patterns.
• If you want to turn off the Pattern Sequencer without saving
anything, perform the procedure under “To exit the Pattern
Sequencer Mode without saving work area contents” on page
E-57.
IMPORTANT!
❚ NOTE ❚
After you finish recording, press the START/STOP button again.
*1 You can change the tone setting by pressing TONE button, and
then using the number keys to specify a tone number. The tone
number input display clears automatically if you do not perform
any operation for about five seconds.
❚ NOTES ❚
While the Pattern Sequencer is turned off, press the
PATTERN button once to enter the Pattern Create
Mode.
Indicates the Pattern
Create Mode.
Indicates the currently
selected element.
• You cannot change the selected parts and element while recording is in
progress.
• If you are having problems getting the timing right when trying to input
notes starting from the first beat of the first measure, skip step 5 (pressing the START/STOP button) of the above sequence. As soon as you
play something on the keyboard, recording starts right at the first beat
of the first measure.
Normal
Recording Parts
The following describes how to record each part. Perform these operations when you reach step 6 of the procedure under “To record an
accompaniment pattern” on this page.
Frames around the channel numbers that correspond
to the currently selected parts flash.
2.
Select the element you want to record.
3.
Press the RECORD button to enter record standby.
4.
5.
6.
• Use the same procedures as those described for step 2 under
“To play back elements of the accompaniment pattern in the
work area” on page E-50.
• This causes the REC indicator to appear on the display.
• If the accompaniment pattern is once converted using the
Pattern Conversion Disk, the message “NotCASIO” appears
on the display, indicating that it cannot be recorded (WK1800 only).
Select the parts you want to record.
• The Rhythm part (CH10) is selected initially whenever you
turn on the Pattern Sequencer. Use CHANNEL buttons CH6
through CH10 to select parts.
• The frames around the channel numbers that conform to the
currently selected parts flash to show they are selected.
• Note that you cannot select parts once recording starts. Be
sure to select the parts you want before you start recording.
❚ NOTES ❚
• See “To delete specific notes” on page E-52 for details on deleting specific notes.
• See “To delete a part” on page E-52 for details on deleting an entire
part.
• Bass, Chord 1, Chord 2, and Chord 3 are all normally recorded with a
root note of C. Use the procedure under “Setting the Original Key for
Each Element” on page E-55 for information about recording with a different root note.
To record the Rhythm part
1.
2.
3.
Press CHANNEL button CH10 to select the rhythm
part.
Select a drum sound (tone number 192 through 199).
Use the keyboard to play the rhythm part. Use the
measure and beat values that appear on the display
for timing.
Press the START/STOP button.
• At this time the REC indicator stops flashing.
• All parts of the selected element play back in an endless loop.
You can record notes in the currently selected parts.
• Measure and beat numbers are shown on the display during
recording.
• Pressing any keyboard key starts actual recording.
× × × × × × × ×
44 HH
SD
BD
HI-HAT
SNARE DRUM
BASS DRUM
Record in part in sequence.
• You can perform the following operations during element
recording.
• Turn parts (channels) to be recorded on and off
• Tempo changes
• Tone operations*1
• See “Recording Parts” on this page for details on recording
to each part.
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CHANNEL
PATTERN
AMP ENVELOPE
FULL RANGE
CHORD
7
8
9
4
5
6
DECAY
MAX
SUSTAIN
FINGERED
PITCH ENVELOPE
CASIO CHORD
00 FLAT
1
MIN
2
3
/NO
SONG
EXTERNAL
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
PATTERN
ACC VOL. CHORD1
BANK
01-17 VIBRATO
/YESS
18-45 OTHERS
0
PARAMETER RESET:
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
DELETE
[+]/[–] (YES/NO)
Cursor keys
STORE
ENTER
To record the Bass part
Using the Pattern Edit Mode
1.
2.
3.
This section describes how to use the Pattern Edit Mode to change
various settings for a pattern you are currently creating or are about
to create.
Press CHANNEL button CH9 to select the bass part.
Select a bass tone.
Use the keyboard to play the bass part. Use the measure and beat values that appear on the display for
timing.
4
4 IMPORTANT!
The procedures in this section all assume that you have read and are
familiar with the information under “Pattern Sequencer Basics” on
page E-48, and that you already know how to navigate between Pattern Sequencer modes.
To select main menus and sub-menus in the
Pattern Edit Mode
1.
While in the Pattern Create Mode, press the PATTERN
button once to enter the Pattern Edit Mode.
• This causes the indicator lamp above the PATTERN button
to flash, and the Global menu to appear on the display.
To record Chord 1, 2, and 3 parts
1.
2.
3.
Indicates the Pattern
Edit Mode.
Use CHANNEL buttons CH6, CH7, and CH8 to select a chord part.
Global
Select a chord tone. Use any tone besides the drum
sounds.
Original key
Use the keyboard to play the chord part. Use the measure and beat values that appear on the display for
timing.
Menu title (Global in
this case).
2.
Tempo display
Perform the key operations described below to display a different main-menu or sub-menu.
• Use the [왖] and [왔] cursor keys to move between mainmenus.
• Press the ENTER button, [왗], or [왘] to scroll through the
sub-menu of the current main-menu. The sample display
below is the Global menu’s metronome sub-menu.
To delete specific notes
• Play the accompaniment pattern.
• While holding down [+] and [–], press the keyboard key that corresponds to the note you want to delete at the time the note sounds
in order to delete it. To get the timing right, you probably should
press the keyboard key just before the note sounds. This will delete that single note only.
Indicates the
Global menu
Abbreviation of
sub-menu name
Current setting of
displayed sub-menu
Metr=Off
To delete a part
• During record standby, select the part you want to delete and then
press [+] and [–] at the same time. In response to the message “dEL
Sure?” that appears on the display, press the YES button to delete
all of the contents of the part or NO to abort the delete procedure
without deleting anything.
Original key
• Use [+] and [–] to change the setting of the sub-menu on the
display.
• To return to a main menu from one of its sub-menus, press
the ENTER button.
3.
To return to the Pattern Create Mode, maneuver to
the “Escape” screen and then press ENTER.
E-52
WK-1800/1600(E)-48~57
Indicates currently
enabled cursor keys.
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Main-menu and Sub-menu Screens
Main-menu
G l oba l
E l eme n t
Pa r t
[▲]
[▲]
[ ENTER ]
▲
▲
▲
▲
]
▲
[
]
[
▲
[
[
]
]
]
[
[
[
B k Pn t =G
O r Ke y =C
0
]
▲
Qt z=
]
▲
B t =e 4 / 4
Q t zEEx e ?
[
]
▲
▲
4
▲
Wo r k DD e l
▲
]
]
▲
[
Oc t =
[
]
▲
]
▲
[
Ch o r d= 0 0
Me a s = 0 2
[
▲
]
]
Me t r = R e c
[
[ ENTER ]
[
[ ENTER ]
]
[▲]
Sub-menu
3
[
Escape
[▲]
2
]
[▲]
1
[
[▲]
4
Tm p o = 1 2 0
The above shows the main-menu and sub-menu screens. The text inside the frames are the main-menu and sub-menu names that appear on the
display.
1 Global Menu
This menu is for making settings that affect all sub-menus that make
up the accompaniment pattern. The letters “GLb” indicate the Global menu, while the other letters are abbreviations of sub-menu names,
as listed below.
•
•
•
•
•
Metr ........... Metronome
Oct .............. Octave Shift
Work Del ... Work area clear (All Delete)
Bt ................ Meter (beat)
Tmpo ......... Tempo
For details on what each sub-menu controls and its available settings,
see “Global Setting Sub-menus” on this page.
For details on what each sub-menu controls and its available settings,
see “Part Sub-menus” on page E-55.
4 Escape Screen
When this screen is on the display, press the ENTER button to return
to the Pattern Create Mode.
Global Setting Sub-menus
After displaying the Global menu in the Pattern Edit Mode, use the
[왗] and [왘] cursor keys to scroll through the Global sub-menus.
Metronome Setting
2 Element Menu
This menu is for making settings for individual elements that make
up an accompaniment pattern. The letters “ELE” indicate the Element menu, while the other letters are abbreviations of sub-menu
names, as listed below.
This setting controls whether or not the metronome sounds during
pattern recording and playback.
Me t r = R e c
• Meas ........ Measure
• OrKey ...... Original Key
For details on what each sub-menu controls and its available settings,
see “Element Sub-menus” on page E-55.
3 Part Menu
This menu contains sub-menus for specifying how chords played on
the accompaniment keyboard will be sounded during pattern playback. Settings can be made for each part of an accompaniment pattern. The letters “Prt” indicate the Part menu, while the other letters
are abbreviations of sub-menu names, as listed below.
•
•
•
•
Chord ........... Chord conversion table
BkPnt ............ Break point
Qtz ................ Quantize
Qtz Exe? ....... Quantize Execute
Display Indicator
Meaning
Off
Metronome off
Rec
Metronome sounds during recording only
(initial default setting)
R&P
Metronome sounds during recording and
playback
Metronome sound: The first beat is a chime, followed by a standard
metronome click for the other beats.
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MODE
AMP ENVELOPE
FULL RANGE
CHORD
7
8
9
4
5
6
MAX
PITCH ENVELOPE
CASIO CHORD
00 FLAT
1
MIN
2
3
/NO
EXTERNAL
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
PATTERN
SONG
DECAY
SUSTAIN
FINGERED
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
ACC VOL. CHORD1
BANK
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
01-17 VIBRATO
/YESS
18-45 OTHERS
0
PARAMETER RESET:
DELETE
[+]/[–] (YES/NO)
Cursor keys
STORE
START/STOP
TEMPO
Octave Shift
Meter (Beat)
When using the piccolo tone, there may be cases when very high notes
you want to play are not included within the range of the keyboard.
When this happens, you can use octave shift to shift the keyboard
range one octave up. In this case you can use octave shift to shift the
range of the tone up or down.
Note that octave shift is available with the Pattern Sequencer only.
This setting specifies the meter of the accompaniment pattern.
Oc t =
0
Bt=
The display shown here appears when you specify a meter that is not
included in the table below.
Bt = ––––
Use [+] and [–] to select the octave shift setting you want.
-1: Range shifted one octave down.
0: No shift
1: Range shifted one octave up.
IMPORTANT!
You can set the meter immediately after clearing the Pattern Sequencer work area only (see above). In other cases, the meter of the
accompaniment pattern currently in the work area is used, and cannot be changed. In this case the display does not flash.
Work Area Clear
Use this operation to clear Pattern Sequencer work area contents. You
must clear the work area when you plan to create an original accompaniment pattern from scratch.
Wo r k D e l
1.
4/4
In the Global menu, use [왗] and [왘] to display the
“Work Del” screen, and then press the [+] and [–]
buttons at the same time.
Setting
Setting
2/4
3/8
3/4
5/8
4 / 4 (initial value)
6/8
5/4
7/8
6/4
9/8
7/4
• Use [+] and [–] to change the setting.
Su r e?
• This message confirms whether or not you really what to
clear work area contents.
2.
Press YES to clear work area contents or NO to abort
the clear operation without clearing anything.
• The message shown below appears for about one second and
then the display returns to the Global menu.
C om p
lete
Tempo
This setting specifies the initial tempo value for the accompaniment
pattern.
Tm p o = 1 2 0
• Use [+] and [–] to set the initial tempo value within the range of
030 to 255.
• If the accompaniment pattern is playing when you change this setting, the tempo of the pattern does not change immediately. The
value you specify becomes the current pattern’s default tempo value, so you need to press both TEMPO buttons at the same time to
have the newly set tempo take effect for an ongoing pattern.
❚ NOTE ❚
When you turn on the Pattern Sequencer, the initial default tempo
value of the accompaniment pattern you are using as a base is applied first.
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Element Sub-menus
Part Sub-menus
After displaying the Element menu in the Pattern Edit Mode, use the
[왗] and [ 왘] cursor keys to scroll through the Element sub-menus.
After displaying the Part menu in the Pattern Edit Mode, use the
[왗] and [왘] cursor keys to scroll through the Part sub-menus.
Part Settings
Setting the Number of Measures for Each Element
You can specify the number of measures for each element (except for
the fill-in element) of an accompaniment pattern before you start recording it.
Me a s = 0 2
All Part menu settings can be made separately for each part. The following shows which parameters can be set for each part.
Rhythm
Chord Conversion Table
~
Break Point
~
Bass
Chord 1 Chord 2 Chord 3
Quantize Setting
Quantize Execute
IMPORTANT!
You can specify the number of measures for each element only in the
following cases.
• Immediately after clearing Pattern Sequencer work area contents
(page E-54).
• After all the parts of the element whose number of measures you
want to change have been deleted using the Pattern Create Mode.
In all other cases, the number of measures that is pre-programmed
for the base accompaniment pattern cannot be changed.
• Use [+] and [–] to input a value of 01 to 16 for the number of measures.
Setting the Original Key for Each Element
See “To play back elements of the accompaniment pattern in the work
area” on page E-50 for details on how to select elements and parts to
make settings.
Accompaniment Pattern Playback During Part Setting
Pressing the START/STOP button while setting Part menu parameters starts playback of the Auto Accompaniment pattern, so you can
immediately hear how a change in a parameter affects the accompaniment. You can perform the following operations while Auto Accompaniment is playing.
• You can specify chords using the chord play method (CASIO
CHORD, FINGERED, FULL RANGE CHORD) that suits the accompaniment mode selected with the MODE button.
• You can change sub-menu settings, and immediately hear how
changes affect the accompaniment pattern.
You can set the basic key for each element when recording an accompaniment pattern. The default setting for the original key is C.
Chord Conversion Table Sub-menu
O r Ke y =C
When you play the chord that is set as the element’s original key
while playing back an accompaniment pattern, all notes recorded on
the element are played back exactly as they are recored (and are not
affected by chord conversion table).
❚ NOTES ❚
• You can change the Original Key setting for each element in the following cases only.
• Immediately after clearing the Pattern Sequencer work area.
See “Work Area Clear” on page E-54 for details on the work area
clear operation.
• After all parts of the element whose Original Key you want to change
have been deleted using the Pattern Create Mode (page E-52).
In all other cases, the Original Key setting of the accompaniment pattern used as the base pattern is used, and cannot be changed. In this
case the display does not flash.
• Set the original key to C if you want your pattern to be compatible with
built-in patterns.
Setting
Setting
F
C
C
G
D
A
E
A
E
B
F
B
Use this sub-menu to specify the chord conversion table of the accompaniment pattern for each part of an element.
Ch o r d= 0 0
Accompaniment patterns are normally recorded in the key of C. When
you select an accompaniment pattern and specify a key by with the
accompaniment keyboard, the pattern is transposed from the key of
C to the specified key. Simply transposing chords on a one-to-one
basis, however, can result in mechanical, unnatural sounding patterns. To compensate for this, the keyboard has 19 built-in chord conversion tables that make chord progressions in different keys sound
more natural.
• Select the part of an element whose setting you want to change,
and then use [+] and [–] to specify a value in the range of 00 to 18,
which specifies the chord conversion table number.
• See “Chord Conversion Table” on page A-8 for details on chord
conversion table numbers and contents.
Break Point Sub-menu
Use this sub-menu to specify the break point of the accompaniment
pattern for each part of an element.
BkPn t = G
• Use [+] and [–] to change settings.
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PATTERN
AMP ENVELOPE
FULL RANGE
CHORD
7
8
9
4
5
6
MAX
Number keys
PITCH ENVELOPE
CASIO CHORD
00 FLAT
1
MIN
2
/NO
SONG
DECAY
SUSTAIN
FINGERED
EXTERNAL
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
PATTERN
ACC VOL. CHORD1
BANK
3
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
01-17 VIBRATO
/YESS
18-45 OTHERS
0
PARAMETER RESET:
DELETE
[+]/[–] (YES/NO)
Cursor keys
STORE
ENTER
Quantize Execute
* Break Point
• Once you specify a break point, any chord above the break point is
played in the next lower octave when playing back chords using
CASIO CHORD, FINGERED, and FULL RANGE CHORD.
Setting
Use the following procedure to execute the quantize operation in accordance with current quantize settings.
Qt z Exe?
Setting
F
C
C
G
A
D
E
A
E
B
F
B
1.
2.
In the Global menu, use the [왗 ] and [왘] cursor keys
to display the message “Prt Qtz Exe?”.
Press the YES key to execute the quantize operation
or NO to abort the operation.
• Pressing YES causes the “qt Pls Wait” message to appear and
remain on the display until the quantize operation is complete. The message shown below appears for about 1 second
after the quantize operation is complete. Then the keyboard
returns to the part menu.
• Use [+] and [–] to change settings.
Quantize Setting
C om p l e t e
This setting determines the quantize value after recording. The timing of notes previously recorded from the keyboard can be matched
with the note timing made with this setting.
Qt z=
Display Indicator
4
Meaning
Exiting the Pattern Sequencer Mode
Use the following procedures to exit the Pattern Sequencer Mode.
The procedure you should use depends on whether you want to save
or discard the contents of the work area.
To exit the Pattern Sequencer Mode and save
work area contents
4
Quantize quarter notes (initial value)
8
Quantize 8 th notes
❚ NOTE ❚
8T
Quantize 8 th triplicate notes
Perform this operation only after you have finished creating the pattern
you want to save.
16
Quantize 16 th notes
16T
32
32T
64
Quantize 16 th triplicate notes
1.
Quantize 32 nd notes
Press the PATTERN button.
• This causes the message shown below to appear, which asks
if you want to save work area contents.
Quantize 32 nd triplicate notes
Quantize 64 th notes
Save?
❚ NOTE ❚
The length of the last note of the accompaniment pattern you create may
be altered by the quantize setting.
2.
Press the YES key to save the pattern.
• See “To exit the Pattern Sequencer Mode without saving work
area contents” on page E-57 for details on what how to exit
without saving.
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3.
Use the number keys or [+] and [–] to specify the user
rhythm number where you want to save the pattern,
and then press the ENTER button.
• You can input any number in the range of 120 to 129.
No . = 1 2 0
4.
Press the [왗] or [왘] cursor key to move the cursor to
the rhythm name input area, and input a name for the
rhythm.
• Use [+] and [–] to scroll through letters at the current cursor
location.
• Use the [왗 ] and [왘] cursor keys to move the cursor left and
right.
U S ER 0 1
5.
After you are finished inputting the name, press the
ENTER button to save the rhythm pattern under the
name you specified.
• The message “Complete” appears on the display for about
one second, and then the Pattern Sequencer turns off. The
currently selected rhythm at this time is the one you just
saved.
• If the rhythm number you specified already contains a
rhythm, the message “Replace?” appears when you press
ENTER in step 5 above, to ask whether you want to replace
the existing rhythm with the new one. Press YES to replace
or NO to return to step 1 of the above procedure so you can
specify a different rhythm number.
To exit the Pattern Sequencer Mode without
saving work area contents
1.
Press the PATTERN button.
• This causes the message shown below to appear, which asks
if you want to save work area contents.
Save?
2.
Press the NO key.
De l e t e ?
• The above message asks if you really want to delete work
area contents.
3.
Press the YES key to exit without saving work area
contents, or NO to abort this operation and return to
the Pattern Sequencer Mode.
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Keyboard Settings
WK-1800
WK-1600/1630
AMP ENVELOPE
TUNE/MIDI
FULL RANGE
CHORD
TUNE
MIDI
1
MIN
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
CH 5
CH 6
ACC VOL. CHORD1
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
Number keys
Cursor keys
GM Mo d e
[▲]
[▼]
Ke y bd Ch
[▼]
[▲]
Ch o r d
MIDI settings (page E-62)
[▲]
Loca l
[▲]
[▼]
A c om p O u
t
[▲]
[▼]
Pitch Bend range
Bend
WK-1800
[▲]
[▼]
Jack
Tuning screens (page E-19)
[▲]
Assignable jack function
[▲]
[▼]
Sh i f t
GM Mo d e
[▼]
[▲]
Sound range shift setting
[▲]
Bu l kSnd?
Ke y bd Ch
[▼]
[▲]
[+]/[–]
WK-1600/1630
1.
Use the [왖] and [왔] cursor keys to display the screen
for the setting you want to make, as shown below.
01-17 VIBRATO
18-45 OTHERS
DELETE
ENTER
[▼]
Press the TUNE/MIDI button.
With the WK-1600/1630, this button is named MIDI.
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
3
/YESS
0
PARAMETER RESET:
STORE
To use the keyboard settings menu
Ch o r d
2
/NO
EXTERNAL
PATTERN
The following describes how to use the keyboard settings menu to
change the bend range, the assignable jack function, and the sound
range shift setting.
Tune
DECAY
00 FLAT
Using the Keyboard Settings Menu
[▼]
6
SUSTAIN
START/STOP
[▼]
9
5
PITCH ENVELOPE
BANK
[▼]
8
4
CASIO CHORD
SONG
2.
7
MAX
FINGERED
[▲]
Bulk send, receive (page E-65)
Bu l kRc v ?
MIDI settings (page E-62)
[▲]
[▼]
Loca l
3.
[▲]
[▼]
A c om p O u t
• Settings you make are applied even if you do not press the
ENTER button.
• Pressing [+] and [–] at the same time returns the display value to its initial default.
• See the following section titled “Setting Screens” for details
on each setting.
[▲]
[▼]
Bend
Pitch Bend range
[▲]
[▼]
Jack
Assignable jack function
[▲]
[▼]
Sh i f t
Sound range shift setting
[▲]
[▼]
Bu l kSnd?
[▲]
[▼]
Bulk send, receive (page E-65)
Bu l kRc v ?
Use [+] and [–] or the number keys to change the
setting.
4.
After making the settings you want, press the TUNE/
MIDI button (MIDI button on the WK-1600/1630) to
clear the setting screen.
• The setting screen also clears automatically if you do not perform any operation for about five seconds.
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Sound Range Shift (Initial Default: oFF)
Setting Screens
Pitch Bend Range (Initial Default: 02)
This setting specifies the change in pitch caused when the pitch bender
is at its maximum position. You can set a value in the range of 00 (no
change) to 12 (12 semitones).
Bend
This setting shifts the range of a specific tone one octave up or down.
This makes it possible to shift the piccolo tone range so you can play
it within the keyboard range. You can also shift bass and other lowrange tones so they can be played within the keyboard range.
Sh i f t
Sound Range Shift Off
• Sound within range specified by General MIDI.
Assignable Jack Function (Initial Default: SUS)
This setting specifies the function of the foot pedal as: sustain, sostenuto, soft, or rhythm pedal.
Sustain Pedal (SUS)
Applies a sustain effect*1 when the pedal is pressed.
Jack
Sostenuto Pedal (SoS)
Applies a sostenuto effect*2 when the pedal is pressed.
Jack
Sound Range Shift On
1 octave up
072
Piccolo
1 octave down
032
033
034
035
036
037
038
039
043
Acoustic Bass
Fingered Bass
Picked Bass
Fretless Bass
Slap Bass 1
Slap Bass 2
Synth Bass 1
Synth Bass 2
Contrabass
Soft Pedal (SFt)
Softens notes played while pedal is depressed.
Jack
Rhythm Pedal (rHy)
Pedal performs same operations as the START/STOP button.
Jack
*1 Sustain Effect
With piano tones and other sounds that decay, the pedal acts as a
damper pedal, with sounds being sustained longer when the pedal
is depressed. With organ tones and other continuous sounds, notes
played on the keyboard continue to sound until the pedal is released. In either case, the sustain effect is also applied to any notes
that are played while the pedal is depressed.
*2 Sostenuto Effect
This effect performs the same way as sustain, except that it is applied only to notes that are sounding already when the pedal is
depressed. It does not affect notes that are played after the pedal
is depressed.
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MIDI
MODE
AMP ENVELOPE
FULL RANGE
CHORD
7
8
9
4
5
6
MAX
PITCH ENVELOPE
CASIO CHORD
00 FLAT
1
MIN
2
/NO
SONG
DECAY
SUSTAIN
FINGERED
EXTERNAL
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
PATTERN
ACC VOL. CHORD1
BANK
PARAMETER RESET:
3
18-45 OTHERS
0
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
01-17 VIBRATO
/YESS
DELETE
STORE
What is MIDI?
General MIDI
The letters MIDI stand for Musical Instrument Digital Interface, which
is the name of a worldwide standard for digital signals and connectors that makes it possible to exchange musical data between musical instruments and computers (machines) produced by different
manufacturers. MIDI compatible equipment can exchange keyboard
key press, key release, tone change, and other data as messages.
Though you do not need any special knowledge about MIDI to use
this keyboard as a stand-alone unit, MIDI operations require a bit of
specialized knowledge. This section provides you with an overview
of MIDI that will help to get you going.
As we have already seen, MIDI makes is possible to exchange musical data between devices produced by different manufacturers. This
musical data does not consist of the notes themselves, but rather information on whether a keyboard key is pressed or released, and the
tone number.
If tone number 1 on a keyboard produced by Company A is PIANO
while tone number 1 on a Company B's keyboard is BASS, for example, sending data from Company A's keyboard to Company B's keyboard produces a result entirely different from the original. If a computer, sequencer or other device with auto accompaniment capabilities is used to produce music data for the Company A keyboard which
has 16 parts (16 channels) and then that data is sent to the Company
B keyboard which can receive only 10 parts (10 channels), the parts
that cannot be played will not be heard.
The standard for the tone numbering sequence, the number of parts,
and other general factors that determine the sound source configuration, which was arrived at by mutual consultations by manufacturers, is called General MIDI.
The General MIDI standard defines the tone numbering sequence,
the drum sound numbering sequence, the number of MIDI channels
that can be used, and other general factors that determine the sound
source configuration. Because of this, musical data produced on a
General MIDI sound source can be played back using similar tones
and identical nuances as the original, even when played on another
manufacturers sound source.
This keyboard conforms with General MIDI standards, so it can be
connected to a computer or other device and used to play back General MIDI data that has been purchased, downloaded from the Internet, or obtained from any other source.
MIDI Connections
MIDI messages are send out through the MIDI OUT terminal of one
machine to the MIDI IN terminal of another machine over a MIDI
cable. To send a message from this keyboard to another machine, for
example, you must use a MIDI cable to connect the MIDI OUT terminal of this keyboard to the MIDI IN terminal of the other machine. To
send MIDI messages back to this keyboard, you need to use a MIDI
cable to connect the other machine’s MIDI OUT terminal to the MIDI
IN terminal of this keyboard.
To use a computer or other MIDI device to record and playback the
MIDI data produced by this keyboard, you must connect the MIDI
IN and MIDI OUT terminals of both machines in order send and receive data.
MIDI IN
MIDI IN
MIDI OUT
MIDI OUT
AMP ENVELOPE
7
FULL RANGE
CHORD
8
9
MAX
5
6
PITCH ENVELOPE
CASIO CHORD
00 FLAT
1
MIN
2
/NO
SONG
DECAY
SUSTAIN
4
FINGERED
EXTERNAL
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
PATTERN
ACC VOL. CHORD1
BANK
PARAMETER RESET:
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
3
01-17 VIBRATO
/YESS
18-45 OTHERS
0
DELETE
STORE
Computer etc.
MIDI Channels
MIDI allows you to send the data for multiple parts at the same time,
with each part being sent over a separate MIDI channel. There are 16
MIDI channels, numbered 1 through 16, and MIDI channel data is
always included whenever you exchange data (key press, pedal operation, etc.).
This keyboard is equipped with multi-timbre capabilities, which
means it can receive messages over all 16 MIDI channels and play up
to 16 parts at the same time.
Keyboard and pedal operations performed on this keyboard are sent
out by selecting a MIDI channel (1 to 16) and then sending the appropriate message.
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Making MIDI Settings
This section describes the MIDI settings you need to make when connecting this keyboard to a sequencer, synthesizer, or other external
device. Once connected, you can send and receive data, and even
play back commercially available General MIDI data.
LOCAL CONTROL (Default: on)
This setting determines whether or not the keyboard and sound source
of this keyboard are connected internally. When recording to a computer or other external device connected to this keyboard’s MIDI IN/
OUT terminal, it helps if you turn LOCAL CONTROL off.
L o c a l aCh
MIDI Settings
GM SYSTEM ON/OFF (Default: on)
The parameters of the executable channel are always initialized whenever the GM SYSTEM ON/OFF setting is changed.
GMMMo d e ?
on: Tones sound within the range prescribed by General MIDI.
oFF: Causes the range of “072 Piccolo” to be raised one octave, and
the range of “032 Acoustic Bass” to be lowered one octave.
on: Anything played on the keyboard is sounded by the internal
sound source and simultaneously output as a MIDI message from
the MIDI OUT terminal.
oFF: Anything played on the keyboard is output as a MIDI message
from the MIDI OUT terminal, without being sounded by the internal sound source. Turn LOCAL CONTROL off whenever you
are using the MIDI THRU function of a computer or other external device. Also note that no sound is produced by the keyboard
if LOCAL CONTROL is turned off and no external device is connected.
1 octave up
072
Piccolo
MIDI THRU
MIDI IN
1 octave down
032
033
034
035
036
037
038
039
043
Acoustic Bass
Fingered Bass
Picked Bass
Fretless Bass
Slap Bass 1
Slap Bass 2
Synth Bass 1
Synth Bass 2
Contrabass
KEYBOARD CHANNEL (Default: 01)
This parameter sets the channel for MIDI messages to an external
device. You can set any MIDI channel in the range of 01 to 16 as the
keyboard channel.
Sound Source
FULL RANGE
CHORD
9
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
PATTERN
ACC VOL. CHORD1
FULL RANGE
CHORD
Use MIDI IN CHORD JUDGE when you want to use note data received from an external device through MIDI IN to play chords. It
comes in handy when you want to control Auto Accompaniment
chord progressions from a computer or other external device.
Ch o r d aCh
on: Turns MIDI IN CHORD JUDGE on, which allows chord settings
to be made using keyboard channel note data input through the
MIDI IN terminal when the chord fingering method is selected
by the MODE button.
MAX
CASIO CHORD
6
00 FLAT
2
/NO
CH 1
INTERNAL
DECAY
FINGERED
5
PITCH ENVELOPE
1
MIN
EXTERNAL
PARAMETER RESET:
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
3
MIN
01-17 VIBRATO
/YESS
SONG
18-45 OTHERS
0
PATTERN
Sound Source
EXTERNAL
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
CH 5
CH 6
ACC VOL. CHORD1
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
DELETE
BANK
BANK
MIDI OUT
AMP ENVELOPE
8
SUSTAIN
4
CASIO CHORD
SONG
7
AMP ENVELOPE
7
MAX
FINGERED
PARAMETER RESET:
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
8
9
DECAY
SUSTAIN
4
5
6
PITCH ENVELOPE
00 FLAT
1
2
/NO
3
01-17 VIBRATO
/YESS
18-45 OTHERS
0
DELETE
STORE
STORE
LOCAL CONTROL On
Notes played on the keyboard are
sounded by the internal sound
source and output as MIDI messages from the MIDI OUT terminal.
Ke y bd aCh
MIDI IN CHORD JUDGE ON/OFF (Default: oFF)
MIDI OUT
MIDI IN
MIDI OUT
LOCAL CONTROL Off
Notes played on the keyboard are
output as MIDI messages from
the MIDI OUT terminal, but not
sounded directly by the internal
sound source. The MIDI THRU
terminal of the connected device
can be used to return the MIDI
message and sound it on this keyboard’s sound source.
ACCOMP MIDI OUT (Default: oFF)
A c om p O u t
on: Auto Accompaniment is played by the keyboard and the corresponding MIDI message is output from the MIDI OUT terminal.
oFF: Auto Accompaniment MIDI messages are not output from the
MIDI OUT terminal.
oFF: Turns MIDI IN CHORD JUDGE off.
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WK-1800
WK-1600/1630
AMP ENVELOPE
FULL RANGE
CHORD
TUNE/MIDI
TUNE
MIDI
1
EXTERNAL
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
PATTERN
ACC VOL. CHORD1
Use the [왖] and [왔] cursor keys to display the MIDI
screen for the setting you want to make, as shown
below.
Tuning screens (page E-19)
Tune
[▲]
Ch
MIDI settings
[▲]
Ch o r d
Loca l
A c om p O u
[▲]
[▲]
[▼]
[▲]
[▼]
See “Keyboard Settings” on
page E-58 for details on settings.
3.
[▲]
[▲]
Use [+] and [–] or the number keys to change the
setting.
• Settings you make are applied even if you do not press the
ENTER button.
Press the TUNE/MIDI button to clear the setting
screen. The setting screen also clears automatically if
you do not perform any operation for about five seconds.
To make MIDI settings on the WK-1600/1630
Press the MIDI button.
Use the [왖] and [왔] cursor keys to display the MIDI
screen for the setting you want to make, as shown
below.
Use [+] and [–] or the number keys to change the
setting.
Press the MIDI button to clear the setting screen. The
setting screen also clears automatically if you do not
perform any operation for about five seconds.
MIDI Messages
There is a wide variety of messages defined under the MIDI standard. This section details the particular messages that can be sent
and received by this keyboard. An asterisk ( ) is used to mark messages that affect the entire keyboard, while messages without an asterisk are those that affect only a particular channel.
*
NOTE ON/OFF
This message sends data when a key is pressed (NOTE ON) or released (NOTE OFF).
A NOTE ON/OFF message includes a note number (to indicate the
note whose key is being pressed or released) and velocity (keyboard
pressure as a value from 1 to 127). NOTE ON velocity is always used
to determine the relative strength of the note. This keyboard does not
receive NOTE OFF velocity data.
Pressing a keyboard key sends the corresponding NOTE ON message from the MIDI OUT terminal, while releasing the key sends the
corresponding NOTE OFF message.
E-62
WK-1800/1600(E)-60~66
Bulk send, receive (page E-66)
• Settings you make are applied even if you do not press the
ENTER button.
4.
Bulk send, receive (page E-65)
Bu l kRc v ?
1.
2.
[▲]
See “Keyboard Settings” on
page E-58 for details on settings.
Bu l kRc v ?
[▲]
Bu l kSnd?
[▲]
Sh i f t i f t
Sh i f t i f t
[▼]
t
[▲]
[▼]
[▲]
Jack
[▲]
[▼]
[▼]
Bend
[▼]
MIDI settings
[▲]
[▼]
Bu l kSnd?
[▲]
[▼]
[▲]
[▼]
[▼]
A c om p O u t
4.
[▲]
Ke y bd Ch
Jack
Loca l
[▼]
[+]/[–]
GM Mo d e
[▼]
[▲]
[▼]
18-45 OTHERS
Bend
[▲]
Ch o r d
01-17 VIBRATO
DELETE
Cursor keys
[▼]
GM Mo d e
3.
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
3
/YESS
0
PARAMETER RESET:
STORE
Press the TUNE/MIDI button.
[▼]
2
/NO
SONG
Number keys
DECAY
00 FLAT
[▼]
Ke ybd
6
SUSTAIN
To make MIDI settings on the WK-1800
[▼]
9
5
PITCH ENVELOPE
BANK
[▼]
8
4
CASIO CHORD
MIN
1.
2.
7
MAX
FINGERED
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Press the key
MIDI OUT Terminal
NOTE ON
• Note number (tone)
• Velocity (volume)
Immediately prior to sending the PROGRAM CHANGE message,
send two successive CONTROL CHANGE messages containing
the following data.
CONTROL NUMBER=0 CONTROL VALUE=<bank number>
CONTROL NUMBER=32 CONTROL VALUE= 0
❚ NOTE ❚
Release the key
MIDI OUT Terminal
NOTE OFF
• Note number (tone)
• Velocity (00)
❚ NOTE ❚
The pitch of a note depends on the tone that is being used, as shown in
the “Note Table” on page A-1. Whenever this keyboard receives a note
number that is outside its range for that tone, the same tone in the nearest
available octave is substituted.
Data received by the sound source of this keyboard over MIDI Channel 10
is always treated as drum set data, and can be sounded using one of the
eight drum set sounds only. Because of this, PROGRAM CHANGE 0
through 7 always corresponds to drum set tones, so BANK SELECT data
is not necessary when PROGRAM CHANGE is received over channel 10.
*2 “RPN” stands for “Registered Parameter Number”, which is a special control change number used when combining multiple control changes. The parameter being controlled is selected using the
control values of control numbers 100 and 101, and then settings
are made using the control values of DATA ENTRY (control numbers 6 and 38).
This keyboard supports pitch bend sense, coarse tune, and fine
tune RPNs sent from other MIDI machines.
❚ NOTE ❚
PROGRAM CHANGE
This is the tone select message. PROGRAM CHANGE can contain
tone data within the range of 0 to 127.
A PROGRAM CHANGE message is sent out through the keyboard’s
MIDI OUT terminal whenever you manually change its tone number. Receipt of a PROGRAM CHANGE message from an external
device changes the tone setting of this keyboard.
PITCH BEND
This message carries pitch bend information for sliding pitch upwards
or downwards during keyboard play.
Performing a pitch bend operation on this keyboard simultaneously
changes the pitch of the built-in sound source and sends a PITCH
BEND message out through the MIDI OUT terminal.
CONTROL CHANGE
This message adds effects such as vibrato and volume changes. CONTROL CHANGE data includes a control number (to identify the effect type) and a control value (to specify the on/off status and depth
of the effect).
The following is a list of data that can be send or received using CONTROL CHANGE.
Effect
Control Number
BANK SELECT*1
0/32
Modulation
1
Volume
7
Pan
10
Expression
11
Sustain (CONTROL NUMBER 64), sostenuto (CONTROL NUMBER 66),
and soft (CONTROL NUMBER 67) effects applied using the foot pedal
can also be sent and received.
ALL SOUND OFF
This message forces all sound being produced over the current channel to stop.
ALL NOTES OFF
This message causes all notes being produced over the current channel due to NOTE ON messages to stop. This message is valid only for
MIDI data notes.
RESET ALL CONTROLLERS
This messages initializes pitch bend and all other control changes.
SYSTEM EXCLUSIVE*
This message is used to control system exclusives, which are fine adjustments that are unique to a particular MIDI device. Originally, system exclusives were unique to a particular model, but now there are
also universal system exclusives that are applicable to machines that
are different models and even produced by different manufacturers.
The following are the system exclusive messages supported by this
keyboard.
GM SYSTEM ON ([F0] [7E] [7F] [09] [01] [F7])
GM SYSTEM ON is used by an external machine to turn on this keyboard’s GM system. “GM” stands for “General MIDI”.
Hold1
64
Sostenuto
66
• GM SYSTEM ON takes more time to process than other messages,
so it can take more than 100 msec until the next message is processed.
Soft Pedal
67
GM SYSTEM OFF ([F0] [7E] [7F] [09] [02] [F7])
Effect depth
91
2
100 / 101
GM SYSTEM OFF is used by an external device to turn off this keyboard’s GM system.
RPN*
Data Entry
6 / 38
*1 The BANK SELECT setting of PROGRAM CHANGE can be used
to access any of this keyboard’s 232 tones when selecting tones on
this keyboard from an external device. The 232 tones are divided
between four banks, as described below.
EFFECT CHANGE ([F0] [44] [0B] [09] [XX] [F7])
EFFECT CHANGE switches between the keyboard’s internal digital
effects. The “XX” parameter in the syntax shown above stands for a
hexadecimal value that represents an effect number sent from an external machine. A list of the hexadecimal values that can be specified
and their meanings is shown below.
Bank 0: 128 General MIDI tones (PROGRAM CHANGE 0 to 127)
Bank 1: 64 variation tones (PROGRAM CHANGE 0 to 63)
Bank 2: 8 drum sets (PROGRAM CHANGE 0 to 7)
Bank 3: 32 user tones (PROGRAM CHANGE 0 to 31)
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CHANNEL
WK-1800
WK-1600/1630
AMP ENVELOPE
TUNE/MIDI
FULL RANGE
CHORD
7
8
9
4
5
6
MAX
PITCH ENVELOPE
CASIO CHORD
00 FLAT
1
MIN
2
/NO
SONG
EXTERNAL
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
PATTERN
ACC VOL. CHORD1
BANK
Effect Number
Digital Effect
Hex. Value
0
REVERB 1
00
1
REVERB 2
01
2
REVERB 3
02
3
CHORUS
03
4
TREMOLO
04
5
PHASE SHIFTER
05
6
ORGAN SPEAKER
06
7
ENHANCER
07
8
FLANGER
08
9
EQ LOUDNESS
09
OFF
0F
oFF
MIDI Functions and Mixer Functions
As explained under “Mixer Modes” on page E-28, this keyboard has
a total of 32 channels: 16 internal channels and 16 external channels.
Of these, you can use the external channels to play notes on the keyboard in accordance with received MIDI data and select tones. Internal channel settings have no affect on MIDI receive data. (Excluding
External/Play)
❚ NOTE ❚
PARAMETER RESET:
Internal Channels
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
External Channels
Channels sounded by keyboard
play or other internal operation
The Mixer can be used in combination with MIDI functions to perform a variety of operations. The following examples show how to
use each Mixer mode for controlling MIDI send and receive operations.
❚ NOTE ❚
The following examples assume that you are already familiar with Mixer
operations, especially how to change and use the Mixer modes. If you
aren’t, see “Mixer Function” on page E-28 for details.
YES/NO
Internal Mode
MIDI-IN ch
MIDI-OUT ch
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Internal Channels
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 1516
Ch 1 through 16 can be turned
on and off.
External Channels
Mixer functions
(tone, volume, etc.)
Keyboard play
In the Internal Mode, Mixer settings (channel on/off, volume, and
other settings) are affected by internal channel settings only. MIDI
input can be controlled using the external channels only, so the Mixer can be used without affecting MIDI input. Because of this, the Internal Mode is best for the following type of application.
• When you want to use the multi-timbre capabilities of the keyboard’s sound source to play along on the keyboard with playback
of external MIDI data, and make separate settings for the keyboard
notes. You can use the Internal Mode to change the tone, layer, split
and other settings for keyboard play, without affecting MIDI input.
External Mode
Operations are different in the External, External/Solo, and External/Play Modes.
External Mode
MIDI-IN ch
MIDI-OUT ch
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
External Channels
Internal Channels
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 1516
Ch 1 through 16 can be
turned on and off.
Keyboard play
In the External Mode, Mixer functions affect the external channels,
so they also have a direct affect on the corresponding MIDI input
channels. Because of this, the External Mode is best for the following
types of applications.
• To control MIDI input channel on/off settings. The CH1 through
CH16 CHANNEL buttons correspond to MIDI channels 1 through
16, so channels can be toggled on and off by pressing the corresponding button.
• You can use the Mixer to change the tone and volume for each channel, and to make a variety of other settings. See “Changing the Parameters of a Channel” on page E-30.
❚ NOTES ❚
• All settings except for Channel on/off are changed at the next MIDI
message receive after the setting is made.
• Though you can play on the keyboard without affecting MIDI input as
with the Internal Mode, you cannot change keyboard settings. Except
for when a channel other than the current channel is selected, you can
change the main tone setting using the standard tone selection procedure shown under “Selecting a Tone” on page E-16.
E-64
WK-1800/1600(E)-60~66
DELETE
Cursor keys
Mixer functions
(tone, volume, etc.)
Channels sounded by received
MIDI data
01-17 VIBRATO
18-45 OTHERS
0
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
3
/YESS
STORE
The above explanation applies to the External/Solo and Internal Modes
only. It does not apply to the External/Play Mode.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
DECAY
SUSTAIN
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External/Solo Mode
MIDI-IN ch
MIDI-OUT ch
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
External Channels
Internal Channels
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 1516
Ch 1 through 16 can be
turned on and off.
Mixer functions
(tone, volume, etc.)
Keyboard play
In this mode, only the channel on/off method is different from the
External Mode. Pressing a CHANNEL button turns on only the channel assigned to that button and turns all other channels off.
This mode is normally used for checking the contents of a specific
channel during MIDI receive. You can change settings, play on the
keyboard, and perform other operations just as you do in the External Mode.
To bulk send data from the keyboard to an
external device with the WK-1800
1.
• See the documentation that comes with the other device for
details.
2.
3.
Press the TUNE/MIDI button.
Press the [▼] cursor key to display the bulk send
screen.
Bu l kSnd?
4.
External/Play Mode
Set up the other device by putting it in its receive standby mode.
Press the YES key to start the bulk send operation.
• The bulk send screen is automatically cleared from the display of the keyboard after the operation is complete.
MIDI-IN ch
MIDI-OUT ch
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
External
Channels
Program Change, etc.
Internal Channels
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 1516
Ch 1 through 16 can be
turned on and off.
Mixer functions
(tone, volume, etc.)
Keyboard play
This mode is the opposite of the External/Solo Mode in that pressing
a CHANNEL button turns off only the channel assigned to that button and turns all other channels on. This capability comes in handy
when you want to cut out a part of the MIDI receive data and play
that part on the keyboard. This is different from the play along capability of the Internal Mode, where you play along as all the parts of
the MIDI receive data play.
For example, let’s say the keyboard is receiving a tune that uses MIDI
Channels 1 through 10, and you want to play the horn section part on
Channel 5 on the keyboard. Simply enter the External/Play Mode
and press the CH5 CHANNEL button. This turns off CH5 and copies
its Mixer settings (tone, control changes, and other data) to internal
channel CH1, which is the channel that controls the keyboard tone
(main tone). Now you can use the keyboard to play the horn section
part on the keyboard, using the appropriate MIDI data settings.
Bulk Sending Keyboard Data
This keyboard stores a variety of internal data, including data recorded with the sequencers and synthesizer. This data can be sent
and received in bulk as MIDI exclusive data through the MIDI terminals. This capability makes it possible for you use a computer or other MIDI machine as an external storage device for your data.
Before performing the following procedures, you must first connect
this keyboard’s MIDI IN and MIDI OUT terminals to an external
machine using MIDI cables.
❚ NOTE ❚
To bulk import data from another device with
the WK-1800
1.
2.
Press the TUNE/MIDI button.
Press the [왔] cursor key to display the bulk receive
screen.
Bu l kRc v ?
3.
4.
Press the YES key to enter bulk receive standby.
Perform the bulk send operation on the other device.
• See the documentation that comes with the other device for
details.
• The bulk receive screen is automatically cleared from the display of the keyboard after the operation is complete.
Tuning screens (page E-19)
Tune
[▲]
[▼]
GM Mo d e
[▲]
[▼]
Ke y bd Ch
[▲]
[▼]
Ch o r d
MIDI settings (page E-62)
[▲]
[▼]
Loca l
[▲]
[▼]
A c om p O u t
Some software does not support MIDI exclusive data.
[▲]
[▼]
Bend
[▲]
[▼]
Jack
[▲]
[▼]
See “Keyboard Settings” on
page E-58 for details on settings.
Sh i f t
[▼]
[▲]
Bu l kSnd?
[▼]
Bu l kRc v ?
Bulk receive
E-65
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Bulk send
[▲]
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WK-1800
WK-1600/1630
AMP ENVELOPE
FULL RANGE
CHORD
7
8
9
4
5
6
MAX
PITCH ENVELOPE
CASIO CHORD
00 FLAT
1
MIN
MIDI
2
/NO
SONG
DECAY
SUSTAIN
FINGERED
EXTERNAL
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
PATTERN
ACC VOL. CHORD1
BANK
PARAMETER RESET:
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
3
01-17 VIBRATO
/YESS
18-45 OTHERS
0
DELETE
YES/NO
STORE
Cursor keys
To bulk send data from the keyboard to an
external device with the WK-1600/1630
To bulk import data from another device with
the WK-1600/1630
1.
1.
2.
Set up the other device by putting it in its receive standby mode.
• See the documentation that comes with the other device for
details.
2.
3.
Press the [왔] cursor key to display the bulk receive
screen.
Press the MIDI button.
Press the [왔] cursor key to display the bulk send
screen.
Bu l kSnd?
4.
Press the MIDI button.
Press the YES key to start the bulk send operation.
• The bulk send screen is automatically cleared from the display of the keyboard after the operation is complete.
Bu l kRc v ?
3.
4.
Press the YES key to enter bulk receive standby.
Perform the bulk send operation on the other device.
• See the documentation that comes with the other device for
details.
• The bulk receive screen is automatically cleared from the display of the keyboard after the operation is complete.
GM Mo d e
[▲]
[▼]
Ke ybd
Ch
[▲]
[▼]
Ch o r d
MIDI settings (page E-62)
[▲]
[▼]
Loca l
[▲]
[▼]
A c om p O u t
[▲]
[▼]
Bend
[▲]
[▼]
Jack
[▲]
[▼]
See “Keyboard Settings” on
page E-58 for details on settings.
Sh i f t
[▼]
[▲]
Bu l kSnd?
[▼]
Bu l kRc v ?
E-66
WK-1800/1600(E)-60~66
Bulk send
[▲]
Bulk receive
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Using the Floppy Disk Drive (WK-1800 Only)
Floppy Disk Drive Features
About Floppy Diskettes
The WK-1800 comes with a built-in disk drive, which provides you
with the capabilities described below.
• You can save sequencer and synthesizer data on a floppy diskette
for long-term storage. When you need the data again, simply insert the diskette into the disk drive and load it.
• You can play back SMF (standard MIDI file) data created on a personal computer and saved to diskette.
• You can convert rhythm data saved to diskette from another make
of electronic musical instrument (Roland, Technics) and save it as
user rhythm data.
This section contains important information about handling diskettes.
Be sure to read it before going any further.
Diskette Types
The WK-1800 supports use of both 3.5” 2HD (1.44MB formatted) and
2DD (720KB formatted) diskettes. Use of other disk sizes and capacities is not supported.
Diskette Type Indicators
Floppy Diskette Precautions
IMPORTANT!
• Avoid the following locations when storing and using diskettes.
Any of the conditions noted below can cause data stored on the
diskette to become corrupted.
• Near TVs, on top of audio equipment, or in any area exposed to
magnetism. Take special care to keep diskettes away from any
source of magnetism.
• Areas exposed to direct sunlight, or subject to high humidity or
temperature extremes.
• Failure to observe any of the following precautions can cause data
stored on the diskette to become corrupted.
• Never try to take a diskette apart.
• Never open the shutter of the diskette or touch the film inside
with your fingers.
• Never bend a diskette or otherwise subject it to rough handling.
• Affix labels in the spaces provided only, and do not affix labels
on top of previous ones.
2HD ..... A 2HD diskette is marked with the letters “HD” in the upper right corner of the front side. Also, there is a square hole
in the lower right corner.
2DD ...... This type of diskette does not have a hole in the lower right
corner.
HD
Write Protection
IMPORTANT!
• You can write protect a diskette so data on it cannot be deleted and
no new data can be stored on the diskette. Also, a write protected
diskette cannot be formatted. You can read data from a diskette
regardless of whether or not it is write protected.
• Do not eject the diskette from the drive while the access lamp is lit
or flashing or turn off keyboard power with a diskette in the drive.
Doing either can cause data on the diskette to become corrupted
and can even cause malfunction of the disk drive.
• Never insert any foreign objects into the disk drive. Doing so can
cause it to malfunction.
• The disk drive uses a magnetic head. A dirty head cannot read data
from a diskette properly and can corrupt existing data on the diskette. To avoid this, be sure to use a commercially available head
cleaning diskette to periodically clean the head.
• Do not use a computer, another electronic musical instrument, or
any other device to change a file name or file contents created with
this keyboard. Doing so can make the data unusable by this keyboard and even cause malfunction of the keyboard.
Note that CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD. shall not be held liable
for any loss to you or any third party due to corruption or accidental erasure of data on a diskette.
Write protect (hole open)
Hole open
Write protect tab
• When the write protect hole is open as shown in the illustration,
you can read the contents of the diskette, but you cannot write data
to or delete data from the diskette. After saving important data to
a diskette, be sure to open its write protect hole to protect the data
against accidental changes or deletion.
• The diskette that comes with the keyboard contains sample data
and programs. It is write protected to avoid accidental erasure or
formatting. Make sure you handle this diskette carefully to avoid
damaging or erasing its data.
E-67
733A-E-069A
WK-1800/1600(E)-67~74
Write enabled
(hole blocked with tab)
Data save, data delete,
disk formatting are all
enabled.
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Access lamp
Eject button
[+]/[–]
AMP ENVELOPE
FULL RANGE
CHORD
7
8
9
4
5
6
DECAY
MAX
SUSTAIN
FINGERED
PITCH ENVELOPE
CASIO CHORD
00 FLAT
1
MIN
2
/NO
SONG
EXTERNAL
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
PATTERN
ACC VOL. CHORD1
BANK
PARAMETER RESET:
3
01-17 VIBRATO
/YESS
18-45 OTHERS
0
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
DELETE
DISK
STORE
ENTER
START/STOP
Cursor keys
Inserting and Ejecting a Diskette
Basic Diskette Operation
The following describes how to insert a diskette into the disk drive
and how to eject it.
The following is the basic procedure when using a diskette.
To insert a diskette into the floppy disk drive
1.
2.
1.
With the label area of the diskette facing up, insert
the diskette shutter first into the disk drive, as shown
in the illustration.
3.
Insert a diskette into the keyboards disk drive.
Press the DISK button.
• This causes the indicator lamp above the DISK button to light,
which indicates the SMF Play Mode. See “Playing Back an
SMF” on page E-69 for details on using this mode.
Press the DISK button again to display the first disk
operation screen.
• The indicator lamp above the DISK button flashes at this time.
4.
Scroll through the disk operation screens.
• Use the [▲] and [▼] cursor keys to scroll through the four
available screens.
Op t i o n
[▲]
[▼]
D i skLoad
[▲]
[▼]
2.
D i skSa v e
Slide the diskette into the drive as far as it will go,
until it clicks into place.
Ut i l i ty
To eject a diskette from the floppy disk drive
• Option … Use this screen to set SMF playback options. See
“Playing Back an SMF” on page E-69.
• DiskLoad … Use this screen to load a file created with the
WK-1800. See “To load keyboard data from a diskette” on
page E-71.
• DiskSave … Use this screen to save data created with the
WK-1800. See “To save keyboard data to diskette” on page
E-70.
• Utility … Use this screen to access utilities that let you convert rhythm data, delete data from a diskette, and format a
diskette. See “Using the Utilities” on page E-71.
IMPORTANT!
Before ejecting a diskette, always check to make sure that the access lamp is not lit or flashing. A lit or flashing access lamp means
that the keyboard is performing a data read or write operation. Ejecting a diskette while it is being accessed can cause its data to become
corrupted.
1.
2.
Press the Eject button.
• This causes the diskette to be partially ejected from the disk
drive.
Remove the diskette from the drive by hand.
[▲]
[▼]
5.
Perform the operation for the displayed disk operation screen.
• Use the [왗] and [왘] cursor keys to make settings.
• See the sections that follow this procedure for full details on
performing disk operations.
6.
After you are finished, press the DISK button.
• This causes the indicator lamp above the DISK button to go
out.
❚ NOTE ❚
You will be able to start the above procedure even when there is no diskette in the disk drive.
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Playing Back an SMF
To play back all files on a diskette
SMF (standard MIDI file) is a data format that makes it possible to
port MIDI data between sequencers and synthesizers of different type
and brand. There are actually three different SMF formats, named 0,
1, and 2. This keyboard supports SMF Format 0, which is the most
common. Most synthesizers, sequencers, and commercially available
pre-recorded software and MIDI files use SMF Format 0.
The built in disk drive of the WK-1800 lets you play back files created
with a personal computer or other device and saved to diskette.
Insert the diskette that contains the files into the keyboard’s disk drive.
PREPARATION
• The diskette that comes with the keyboard contains files you can use
for this procedure.
1.
To play a specific file from diskette
1.
Press the DISK button.
Op t i o n
2.
• This causes the indicator lamp above the DISK button to light,
which indicates the SMF Play Mode.
• At this time the name of one of the files contained on the
diskette appears on the display.
Use the [왗] and [왘] cursor keys to select the playback type.
S i ng l e
[▲]
[▼]
▼
▼
3.
4.
• This causes the “Option” disk operation screen to appear on
the display. The indicator lamp above the DISK button flashes
at this time.
Insert the diskette that contains the file into the keyboard’s disk drive.
• The diskette labeled “WK1800 ACCESSORY DISK” that
comes with the keyboard contains files you can use for this
procedure.
2.
Press the DISK button twice.
Use [+] and [–] to select the file you want to play.
Ch a i n
Press the START/STOP button to start play of the file
whose name is flashing on the display.
• Single … Plays the currently selected file only.
• Chain … Plays back all files on the diskette.
File name
********
3.
While “Chain” is on the display, press the ENTER button to start playback.
• The name of the file that is playing is shown on the display.
5.
File name
To stop file play, press START/STOP again.
• File play also stops automatically when the end of the file is
reached.
❚ NOTE ❚
After you stop file play part way through by pressing the START/STOP
button, you can exit the file play mode by pressing the DISK button twice.
********
4.
5.
Press the START/STOP button to start playback.
To stop SMF play, press START/STOP again.
• If you do not press START/STOP, SMF play plays one file
after the other in an endless loop.
❚ NOTE ❚
After you stop SMF play part way through by pressing the START/STOP
button, you can exit the disk operation screen by pressing the DISK button
twice.
Operations During Playback
You can change the following settings while a file is playing from
diskette.
• Mixer settings (See “Mixer Function” on page E-28.)
• Tempo settings
❚ NOTES ❚
• Even after you make Mixer and tempo settings during SMF playback,
they may change to other settings if the data in the file contains such
settings.
• File data is played over External Channels.
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Number keys
[+]/[–]
Eject button
AMP ENVELOPE
FULL RANGE
CHORD
7
8
9
4
5
6
1
2
3
DECAY
MAX
SUSTAIN
FINGERED
PITCH ENVELOPE
CASIO CHORD
00 FLAT
MIN
/NO
SONG
EXTERNAL
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
PATTERN
ACC VOL. CHORD1
BANK
PARAMETER RESET:
01-17 VIBRATO
/YESS
18-45 OTHERS
0
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
DELETE
DISK
STORE
ENTER
Cursor keys
Saving and Recalling Memory Data
To save keyboard data to diskette
The built-in disk drive lets you save sequencer, synthesizer, and other data from the keyboard’s memory to diskette for later recall when
you need it.
1.
Savable Data
The following is a list of keyboard data that can be saved to diskette.
(1) User rhythms created using the Pattern Sequencer
(2) User song data created using the Song Sequencer
(3) User tones created using the Synthesizer
(4) Setups saved in registration memory
• Saving tone, rhythm, or song data only causes each tone, rhythm,
or song to be saved as a separate file.
• Saving registration memory data only causes all 20 setups (5 setups x 4 banks) in registration memory to be saved as a single file.
• Using the save all operation causes all the data currently in keyboard memory to be saved as a single file.
2.
3.
4.
5.
❚ NOTES ❚
• You can save individual tones, rhythms and songs in separate files only.
You cannot save all tones, or all rhythms, or both songs in a single file.
• All registration memory data can be batch saved in a single file only.
You cannot save individual banks or setups.
▼
▼
Single user rhythm
created with the Pattern Sequencer
EPt
Pattern
Single user rhythm
converted from data
created on another
make keyboard
User Tones
4
Registration
5
Save All
CA3
[▲]
[▼]
Tone
[▲]
[▼]
▼
Reg i s t
File Contents
[▲]
[▼]
▼
▼
Pattern
3
[▲]
▼
CPt
Cs3
Use the [왗] and [왘] cursor keys to display the screen
for the type of data you want to save, and then press
ENTER.
▼
Screen
Indication
Song
Sequencer
Press the [왔] cursor key twice to display the “Disk
Save” screen.
Song
Extension
2
Press the DISK button twice.
▼
Pattern
Sequencer
Insert the diskette to which you want to save the data
into the keyboard’s disk drive. At this time close the
diskette’s write protect tab to enable writing.
Pa t t e r n
A three-letter extension is automatically added to file names to identify the type of data the file contains. The keyboard does not display
extensions, but they will appear if you view the file names on a computer.
1
• Make sure that everything is set up and configured the way
you want to save it.
• If you want to save a user tone, rhythm, or song, note its
number.
[▼]
File Name Extensions
No. Data Type
Check the data you want to save.
Song
Single user song created with the Song
Sequencer
Ct3
Tone
Single user tone
Cr3
Regist
20 setups (5 setups x
4 banks)
All
File produced by a
save all operation
Al l
• The remainder of this example is based on selecting “Tone”
in the above step.
6.
Specify the location (tone number) of the data you
want to save, and then press ENTER.
• Use the number keys to input a two-digit number, or use [+]
and [–] to increase and decrease the displayed number.
• Inputting a user tone number displays the name assigned to
the tone. You can leave this as the name of the file you are
saving, or you can assign a different name.
• Skip this step if you are saving registration memory data or
all data.
7.
Input the name of the file.
• Use [+] and [–] to scroll through letters at the current cursor
location.
• Use the [왗] and [왘] cursor keys to move the cursor left and
right.
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Pa t t e r n
After inputting the file name, press the ENTER button
to start the save operation.
[▲]
▼
[▼]
▼
8.
• If the diskette already contains a file with the name you specified in step 7, the message “Replace?” appears, asking if you
want to replace the existing file with the new one. Press the
YES button to replace the existing file, or NO to return to
step 7 of this procedure.
• The message “Pls Wait” remains on the display while the
file save operation is being performed.
Song
[▲]
▼
▼
[▼]
Tone
[▲]
Reg i s t
IMPORTANT!
• Do not perform any key operation while the message “Pls Wait” is
on the display. In particular, never turn off keyboard power. Doing
so can cause all data on the disk to become corrupted and unusable.
• Sudden power loss due to low battery power during the data save
operation can corrupt the data on a diskette. Because of this, use
of the specified AC adaptor is recommended whenever you are
saving data to diskette.
The message “Complete” appears on the display for
about one second when the data save operation is
complete.
• The keyboard returns to step 5 of this procedure after the
“Complete” message clears from the display.
• Repeat steps 5 through 9 if you want to save more data.
• After you finish your diskette operations, press the DISK
button so the indicator lamp above it goes out. Next, press
the eject button to eject the diskette, and then remove it by
hand.
❚ NOTES ❚
• When saving registration memory data or all data, simply skip step 6 of
the above procedure.
• See “Letters and Numerals” on page E-36 for the characters that can be
input for the file name.
• We recommend that you make a separate record of the names of files
and their contents to make it easier to find the data you need when you
need it.
• To exit the disk operation screens at any time during the above procedure, press the DISK button so the indicator lamp above it goes out.
• When saving Pattern type data (single user rhythm), each file can hold
a maximum of about 5,000 notes. To save a user rhythm pattern that
has more than 5,000 notes, select All in step 5 of the above procedure
to save all keyboard data. See “File Name Extensions” on page E-70 for
details on the extensions appended to file names.
To load keyboard data from a diskette
❚ NOTE ❚
The following procedure describes how to load a user tone as an example
of the load operation. The procedures for loading other types of data is
identical, except where noted.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Insert the diskette that contains the data you want to
load into the keyboard’s disk drive.
Press the DISK button twice.
Press the [왔] cursor key once to display the “Disk
Load” screen.
Use the [왗] and [왘] cursor keys to display the screen
for the type of data you want to load, and then press
ENTER.
[▲]
▼
[▼]
▼
9.
▼
▼
[▼]
Al l
• Pressing ENTER causes the name of the first file of the type
you specify to appear on the display.
• The remainder of this example is based on selecting “Tone”
in the above step.
5.
6.
Use [+] and [–] to display the name of the file you
want to load, and then press ENTER.
Specify the location (tone number) where you want
to store the data.
• Use the number keys to input a two-digit number, or use [+]
and [–] to increase and decrease the displayed number.
• Skip this step if you are saving registration memory data or
all data.
7.
Press the ENTER button to start the load operation.
• The message “Replace?” appears, asking if you want to replace the existing data with the loaded data. Press the YES
button to replace the existing data, or NO to return to step 4
of this procedure.
• The message “Pls Wait” remains on the display while the
file save operation is being performed.
IMPORTANT!
Do not perform any key operation while the message “Pls Wait” is on
the display. In particular, never turn off keyboard power. Doing so
can cause all data on the disk to become corrupted and unusable.
8.
The message “Complete” appears on the display for
about one second when the data load operation is
complete.
• The keyboard returns to step 4 of the above procedure after
the “Complete” message clears from the display.
• Repeat steps 4 through 8 if you want to load more data.
• You can quit diskette operations at any time during the above
operation by pressing the DISK button so the indicator lamp
above it goes out.
❚ NOTES ❚
• When loading registration memory data or all data, simply skip step 6 of
the above procedure.
• To exit the disk operation screens at any time during the above procedure, press the DISK button so the indicator lamp above it goes out.
• If an error occurs while data saved to a diskette by a Save All operation
is being loaded back into keyboard memory, user tones, user rhythms,
Song Sequencer data, and registration memory data that was in memory when the load operation started will all be deleted.
Using the Utilities
This section describes the utilities that are provided to convert rhythm
pattern data from another keyboard, to delete data from a diskette,
and to format a diskette.
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Number keys
[+]/[–] (YES/NO)
AMP ENVELOPE
FULL RANGE
CHORD
7
8
9
4
5
6
MAX
PITCH ENVELOPE
CASIO CHORD
00 FLAT
1
MIN
2
3
/NO
SONG
EXTERNAL
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
INTERNAL
UPPER1
UPPER2
LOWER1
LOWER2
CH 5
CH 6
CH 7
CH 8
CH 9
CH 10
CH 11
CH 12
CH 13
CH 14
CH 15
CH 16
CHORD2
CHORD3
BASS
RHYTHM
TR1
TR2
TR3
TR4
TR5
TR6
PATTERN
ACC VOL. CHORD1
BANK
PARAMETER RESET:
MAIN MANU/
CHANNEL VOLUME:
SUB MANU/
CHANNEL SELECT:
Converting Rhythm Pattern Data From Another Keyboard
5.
Use the procedure described here to convert rhythm pattern data created on a Technics, or Roland brand keyboard so it can be used on
the WK-1800.
❚ NOTES ❚
7.
Cursor keys
Insert the “WK1800 ACCESSORY DISK” into the disk
drive of the WK-1800, and then press the ENTER button.
• The message “Pls Wait” appears, followed by the message
shown below.
Ch gP t n FD
Eject and remove the “WK1800 ACCESSORY DISK”
and insert the diskette that contains the data you want
to convert. Next, press the ENTER button.
• Inserting the data disk causes the message “Select” to appear on the display for about one second. Next the name of
one of the files on the disk appears.
To convert rhythm data
Before getting started…
• Prepare the diskette labeled “WK1800 ACCESSORY DISK”, which
comes with the WK-1800.
• Prepare the diskette that contains the rhythm pattern data you want
to convert.
• Eject and remove any diskette currently in the WK-1800 disk drive.
• Make sure there is a user rhythm number available to store the
converted data.
4.
DISK
I n sCo n FD
6.
3.
DELETE
• The following shows the display indicator for each data type.
• The data conversion capabilities of this keyboard are intended for
personal, non-commercial purposes only.
• The sound source and accompaniment system of this keyboard is
different from those used by other manufacturers, so converted
data played on this keyboard may sound different from what it
sounds like when played on its equipment.
• You may not be able to convert some accompaniment patterns
created on other keyboards.
• Please direct all inquiries concerning accompaniment pattern conversion to CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD.
2.
18-45 OTHERS
0
Use [+] and [–] to display the indicator for the type of
data you are converting from, and then press the ENTER button.
IMPORTANT!
• Data can be converted one files at a time.
• Converted data is stored in the user rhythm area of this keyboard’s memory.
01-17 VIBRATO
/YESS
STORE
ENTER
1.
DECAY
SUSTAIN
FINGERED
Press the DISK button twice.
• This displays the first disk operation screen.
Press the [▼] cursor key three times to display the
“Utility” screen.
Use the [왗] and [왘] cursor keys to display the “PtnConv” (pattern conversion) screen.
Press the ENTER button.
• This causes a data type selection screen to appear on the display.
Type=Tec
Display
Tec
Manufacturer Name
Technics
Rol
Roland
8.
9.
Use [+] and [–] to display the name of the file you
want to convert, and then press the ENTER button.
Specify the file characteristics.
• File characteristic depend on the type of data you are converting. See “File Characteristics” on page E-73 for details
on how to set file characteristics for each type of data.
• The conversion starts as soon as you specify the file characteristics. The message “Pls Wait” indicates that conversion
is being performed.
10. Specify the user rhythm number where you want to
store the converted data.
• Use [+] and [–] to specify a number in the range of 120 to 129.
11. Press the ENTER button to load the converted data.
• If the rhythm number you specify already contains data, the
message “Replace?” appears, asking if you want to replace
the existing data with the converted data. Press the YES button to replace the existing data, or NO to return to step 10 of
this procedure.
12. The message “Complete” appears when the conver-
sion is complete. Next, the message “Continu?” appears to ask if you want to convert more data.
• Press the YES button if you want to convert more data from
the same manufacturer, or NO to return to step 3 of this procedure.
• To exit the procedure, press the DISK button so the indicator
lamp above it goes out.
❚ NOTE ❚
To exit the above procedure at any time, press the DISK button so the
indicator lamp above it goes out.
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File Characteristics
Use the following procedures to specify the file characteristics for
each type of data during the rhythm data conversion procedure. These
steps should be performed for step 9 of the procedure under “Converting Rhythm Pattern Data From Another Keyboard” on page E72.
4.
Use [왗] and [왘] to display the “FileDel” (file delete)
screen, and then press the ENTER button.
• This causes a file name to appear on the screen as shown
below.
File name
TUNE1
(A) To specify Technics file characteristics
1.
Use [+] and [–] to specify Bank A, B, or C, and then
press ENTER.
Ba n k =A
2.
Use [+] and [–] to specify Area 0 or 1, and then press
ENTER.
File name extension
5.
• The message “Sure?” appears on the display to confirm
whether or not you really want to delete the file.
6.
1.
Use [+] and [–] to select either basic (B) or advanced
(A) and the chord type (M, m, 7th). Various combinations are available, so scroll through the selections
until you find the one you want, and then press ENTER.
Mo d e = B –M
2.
Use [+] and [–] to specify one of the three available
conversion processes, and then press ENTER.
P r oces=0
To delete a file from a diskette
❚ NOTES ❚
• To exit the above procedure at any time, press the DISK button so the
indicator lamp above it goes out.
• This keyboard cannot delete an SMF from a disk.
To format a floppy diskette
IMPORTANT!
Formatting a diskette that contains data deletes the data. Make sure
you no longer need any data that may be on a diskette before you
format it.
1.
2.
3.
1.
2.
3.
Insert the diskette that contains the file you want to
delete into the keyboard’s disk drive. At this time close
the diskette’s write protect tab to enable writing.
Press the DISK button twice.
• This causes the “Option” disk operation screen to appear on
the display. The indicator lamp above the DISK button flashes
at this time.
Press [왔] three times to display the “Utility” screen.
Press the DISK button twice.
• This causes the “Option” disk operation screen to appear on
the display. The indicator lamp above the DISK button flashes
at this time.
Press [왔] three times to display the “Utility” screen.
Use [왗] and [왘] to display the “Format” screen, and
then press the ENTER button.
• This causes the message “Insert FD” to appear, prompting
you to insert the diskette you want to format into the disk
drive.
IMPORTANT!
The file delete operation cannot be undone. Make sure you no longer
need a file before you delete it.
Press YES to delete the file or NO to abort the operation without deleting anything.
• After the file is deleted, the message “Complete” appears on
the display for about one second. Then the keyboard returns
to step 4 of the above procedure.
A r ea=0
(B) To specify Roland file characteristics
Use [+] and [–] to display the name of the file you
want to delete, and then press the ENTER button.
4.
Insert the diskette that you want to format into the
keyboard’s disk drive, and then press the ENTER button.
• The message “Sure?” appears on the display to confirm
whether or not you really want to format the diskette.
5.
Press YES to format the diskette or NO to abort the
operation.
• The message “Pls Wait” remains on the display while the
format operation is being performed.
• After the diskette is formatted, the message “Complete” appears on the display for about one second. Then the keyboard returns to step 3 of the above procedure.
❚ NOTES ❚
• To exit the above procedure at any time, press the DISK button so the
indicator lamp above it goes out.
• A diskette formatted by MS-DOS or Windows can be used as it is on
WK-1800. Diskettes formatted for other types of computers are not compatible.
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Disk Drive Error Messages
Cause
Action
Err ReadOnly
Attempt to save a file using the same
name as an existing file that is read
only.
Save the new file to a different diskette or use another
name.
Err Format
1. The format of the diskette is not
compatible with this keyboard.
2. The diskette is not formatted.
3. The diskette is damaged.
1. Change to a diskette that has the proper format.
................................................................................ E-67
2. Format the diskette. ............................................. E-73
3. Use a different diskette.
Err Disk R/W
The diskette is damaged.
Use a different diskette.
Err DiskFull
The diskette is full.
1. Use a different diskette.
2. Delete any files you no longer need in order to make
room for the data you want to save. ................. E-73
Err Mem Full
Keyboard memory became full while
importing data from diskette.
1. If you have user patterns stored in Pattern Sequencer memory, use the following procedure to delete
user patterns you no longer need from the user area
(patterns 120 to 129).
1 Clear the work area using the procedure under
“Work Area Clear” on page E-54.
2 While the work area empty (cleared), use the procedure under “To exit the Pattern Sequencer
Mode and save work area contents” on page E56 to save the work area to the accompaniment
pattern user area accompaniment numbers that
contain patterns you no longer need. Saving the
empty work area effectively deletes data currently
stored in memory.
2. If you have song data stored in Song Sequencer
memory (SG0, SG1), delete the song data you no
longer need. .......................................................... E-46
Err Not SMF0
The file you are reading is not an SMF
0 format file.
Use SMF 0 format files only. ................................... E-69
Err No Disk
1. The diskette is not loaded in the
drive correctly.
2. No diskette is loaded in the drive.
1. Eject the diskette from the drive and reload it.
................................................................................ E-68
2. Load a diskette into the drive.
Err No File
The keyboard cannot find any file it can
read on the diskette.
Use a diskette that contains data stored by this keyboard or compatible data from another device.
Err Protect
The diskette is write protected.
1. Use a different diskette.
2. Close the diskette’s write protect hole to enable data
storage. .................................................................. E-67
Err Convert
The accompaniment pattern data you
are trying to convert is of a type that
cannot be converted by this keyboard.
Try converting other accompaniment pattern data.
Err WrongDat
The data on the diskette is corrupted.
Use other data or another diskette.
Message
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Troubleshooting
Problem
Possible Cause
No sound when keyboard keys
are pressed.
1. Batteries are not loaded correctly.
2. Power is not turned on.
3. MAIN VOLUME setting is too low.
4. Playing in the accompaniment keyboard area while the MODE button
setting is CASIO CHORD or FINGERED.
5. LOCAL CONTROL is off.
6. Mixer Channel 1 is off.
7. Mixer Channel 1 volume or expression setting is too low.
Action
See page
1. Check to make sure the AC adaptor
is connected correctly, and that the
+/– ends of the batteries are facing
correctly. Check for dead batteries.
2. Press the POWER button to turn on
power.
3. Use the MAIN VOLUME slider to
increase volume.
4. None of the accompaniment mode
indicators are lit, which means Auto
Accompaniment is turned off.
Page E-14
5. Turn LOCAL CONTROL on.
6. Turn on Mixer Channel 1.
7. Use the Mixer to raise the volume
or expression setting for channel 1.
Page E-61
Page E-29
Page E-30
Page E-16
Page E-16
Page E-21
Any of the following symptoms
while using battery power.
• Dim power supply indicator
• Instrument does not turn on
• Display that is fllckering,
dim, or difficult to read
• Abnormally low speaker/
headphone volume
• Distortion of sound output
• Occasional interruption of
sound when playing at high
volumes
• Sudden power failure when
playing at high volumes
• Flickering or dimming of the
dispaly when playing at high
volume
• Continued sound output
even after you release a key
• A totally different tone may
sound
• Abnormal rhythm pattern
and demo tune play
• Loss of power, sound distortion, or low volume when
playing from a connected
computer or MIDI device
• Sudden power failure while
reading from or writing to a
diskette (WK-1800 only)
Low battery power
Replace the batteries with a set of new
ones or use the AC adaptor.
Page E-14
Auto Accompaniment does not
sound.
1. Accompaniment volume is set to
000.
2. Auto Accompaniment part Channels 6 through 10 are turned off.
3. Auto Accompaniment part Channels 6 through 10 volume or expression setting is too low.
1. Use the CH5 (ACC VOL.) button to
increase the volume.
2. Use the Mixer to turn the channels
on.
3. Use the Mixer to raise the volume
or expression setting for the applicable channel.
Page E-27
Sound output does not change
when key pressure is varied.
Touch response is turned off.
Press the TOUCH RESPONSE button
to turn it on.
Page E-18
The key or tuning does not
match when playing along with
another MIDI machine.
The tuning or transpose parameter is
set to a value other than 00.
Change the transpose or tuning parameter value to 00.
Page E-19
Page E-30
E-75
733A-E-077A
WK-1800/1600(E)-75~78
Page E-29
Page 75
03.7.31, 5:22 PM
Adobe PageMaker 6.5J/PPC
Problem
Possible Cause
Action
See page
Some parts stop playing at some
point during Sequencer playback.
Playback exceeds the maximum polyphony of the keyboard.
Use the Song Sequencer to decrease the
number of parts playing at the same
time by turning off channels.
Page E-45
Some parts don’t play at all during Sequencer playback.
1. The Mixer mode setting for the corresponding channel is off or External/Solo.
2. Volume or expression setting is too
low.
1. Use the Mixer to make sure that
channels are turned on.
Page E-29
2. Use the Mixer to check the volume
or expression setting.
Page E-30
Cannot record Auto Accompaniment or rhythm.
Track other than Track 1 is selected as
the recording track. Tracks 2 through
6 are melody tracks.
Use the track select buttons to select
Track 1.
Pages E-40, 42
Nothing happens when the
LAYER or SPLIT button is
pressed.
1. One or more of the melody channels
(2 through 4) is turned off.
2. The volume or expression setting of
one or more of the melody channels
(2 through 4) is too low.
1. Use the Mixer to turn on Channels
2 through 4.
2. Use the Mixer to raise the volume
or expression setting of Channels 2
through 4.
Page E-29
No sound is produced when
playing MIDI data from a computer.
1. MIDI cables are not connected properly.
2. Channel is turned off, or volume or
expression setting is too low.
1. Connect MIDI cables properly.
Page E-60
The bass notes of General MIDI
data being played back by a
computer are one octave too
low.
GM SYSTEM is turned off.
Turn on the GM SYSTEM.
Page E-61
Playing on the keyboard produces an unnatural sound when
connected to a computer.
The computer’s MIDI THRU function
is turned on.
Turn off the MIDI THRU function on
the computer or turn off LOCAL CONTROL on the keyboard.
Page E-61
Cannot record chord accompaniment data on a computer.
ACCOMP MIDI OUT is turned off.
Turn on ACCOMP MIDI OUT.
Page E-61
2. Use the Mixer to turn the channel
on, or raise the volume or expression setting.
E-76
WK-1800/1600(E)-75~78
Page E-30
Pages E-29 to 30
733A-E-078A
Page 76
03.7.31, 5:22 PM
Adobe PageMaker 6.5J/PPC
Specifications
Model:
WK-1800/WK-1600/WK-1630
Keyboard:
76 standard-size keys, 6 1/4 octaves (with touch response on/off; ExLight/Light/Normal/Heavy
Tones:
232 (128 General MIDI, 64 variation, 8 drum, 32 user); with layer and split
Rhythm Instrument Tones:
61
Polyphony:
32 notes maximum (16 for certain tones)
Digital Effects:
10 (REVERB 1, 2, 3; CHORUS; TREMOLO; PHASE SHIFTER; ORGAN SPEAKER; ENHANCER;
touch)
FLANGER; EQ LOUDNESS)
Auto Accompaniment
Rhythm Patterns:
130 (120 + 10 user rhythms)
= 30 to 255)
Tempo:
Variable (226 steps,
Chords:
3 fingering methods (CASIO CHORD, FINGERED, FULL RANGE CHORD)
Rhythm Controller:
Start/Stop, Intro, Normal/Normal Fill-In, Variation/Variation Fill-In, Synchro/Ending
Accomp Volume:
0 to 127 (128 steps)
One Touch Presets:
Recalls settings for tone, tempo, layer, and Auto Harmonize in accordance with rhythm.
Auto Harmonize:
Automatic addition of notes that harmonize with melody note in accordance with specified Auto
Accompaniment chords.
Free Session
Number of Patterns:
120 (Auto Accompaniment function based on preset chord progressions.)
Song Sequencer
Songs:
2
Recording Tracks:
6 (2 through 6 are melody tracks)
Recording Method:
Real-time
Memory Capacity (total for two songs):
Approximately 8,000 notes (WK-1800)
Punch In:
Supported
Approximately 4,900 notes (WK-1600/1630)
Pattern Sequencer
Number of Patterns:
10 (Rhythm numbers 120 to 129)
Memory Capacity:
Approximately 6,800 notes (WK-1800)
Appr