R-Tech I-MIG200 Specifications

MIG 200C/275C/275R/350R
Operating manual
2
BOC Smootharc Advance MIG 200C/275C/275R/350R Operating manual
Welcome to a better way of welding.
This operating manual provides the basic knowledge required for MIG
Welding, as well as highlighting important areas of how to operate the
Smootharc ADVANCE machines.
With normal use and by following these recommended steps, your
Smootharc ADVANCE machine can provide you with years of troublefree service. Smootharc ADVANCE equipment and technical support is
available through the national BOC Customer Service Centre or contact
your local Gas & Gear outlet.
Important Notice
This document has been prepared by BOC Limited ABN 95 000 029 729 (‘BOC’), as general information and does not contain and is not to be taken as containing any specific recommendation. The document has been prepared in good faith
and is professional opinion only. Information in this document has been derived from third parties, and though BOC believes it to be reliable as at the time of printing, BOC makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy, reliability or
completeness of information in this document and does not assume any responsibility for updating any information or correcting any error or omission which may become apparent after the document has been issued. Neither BOC nor any of
its agents has independently verified the accuracy of the information contained in this document. The information in this document is commercial in confidence and is not to be reproduced. The recipient acknowledges and agrees that it must
make its own independent investigation and should consider seeking appropriate professional recommendation in reviewing and evaluating the information. This document does not take into account the particular circumstances of the recipient
and the recipient should not rely on this document in making any decisions, including but not limited to business, safety or other operations decisions. Except insofar as liability under any statute cannot be excluded, BOC and its affiliates,
directors, employees, contractors and consultants do not accept any liability (whether arising in contract, tort or otherwise) for any error or omission in this document or for any resulting loss or damage (whether direct, indirect, consequential
or otherwise) suffered by the recipient of this document or any other person relying on the information contained herein. The recipient agrees that it shall not seek to sue or hold BOC or their respective agents liable in any such respect for the
provision of this document or any other information.
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BOC Smootharc Advance MIG 200C/275C/275R/350R Operating manual
Contents.
1.0Recommended Safety Guidelines and Precautions
4
Health Hazard Information
Personal Protection
Electrical shock User Responsibility
5
5
6
6
2.0 MIG Operating Manual
7
1.1
1.2
1.3 1.4
2.1Introduction to Metal Inert Gas (MIG)
2.2Introduction to Flux Cored Arc Welding (FCAW)
2.3Introduction to Metal Cored Arc Welding (MCAW)
2.4Fundamentals of MIG, FCAW and MCAW
7
7
9
12
3.0 General Welding Information
14
3.1
Recommended Welding Parameters
14
4.0 Correct Application Techniques
16
5.0 Package Contents
18
6.0 Smootharc ADVANCE Installation
19
6.1 Compact Models
6.2 Remote Models
19
20
7.0 Smootharc ADVANCE Operation
21
7.1
21
Compact and Remote Models
8.0 Control Panels
22
22
23
24
24
24
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
Compact Models
Remote models
Inductance
Synergic Control (One Knob Control)
4T/2T Trigger Latch Selection
9.0 Troubleshooting and Fault Finding
25
10.0 Replacement Parts
26
11.0 Periodic Maintenance
27
11.1
27
Power Source
12.0 Technical Specifications
28
13.0 Warranty Information
29
13.1
13.2
13.3
13.4
29
29
29
29
Terms of Warranty Limitations on Warranty
Warranty Period
Warranty Repairs
4
BOC Smootharc Advance MIG 200C/275C/275R/350R Operating manual
1.0Recommended Safety Guidelines
and Precautions
Diagram and safety explanation
Electrical safety alert
Welding electrode causing electric shock
Fumes and gases coming from welding process
Welding arc rays
Some safety precautions BOC
recommends are as follows:
• Repair or replace defective cables immediately.
Read instruction manual
• Never watch the arc except through
lenses of the correct shade.
• In confined spaces, adequate ventilation
and constant observation are essential.
Become trained
Wear dry, insulated gloves
• Leads and cables should be kept clear
of passageways.
• Keep fire extinguishing equipment at a handy location
in the workshop.
• Keep primary terminals and live parts effectively covered.
Insulate yourself from work and ground
• Never strike an arc on any gas cylinder.
• Never use oxygen for venting containers.
Disconnect input power before working on equipment
Keep head out of fumes
Use forced ventilation or local exhaust to remove fumes
Use welding helmet with correct shade of filter
BOC Smootharc Advance MIG 200C/275C/275R/350R Operating manual
1.1 Health Hazard Information
The actual process of MIG welding is one that can cause a variety of
hazards. All appropriate safety equipment should be worn at all times,
i.e. headwear, hand and body protection. Electrical equipment should be
used in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations.
Eyes
The process produces ultra violet rays that can injure and cause
permanent damage. Fumes can cause irritation.
Skin
Arc rays are dangerous to uncovered skin.
Inhalation
Welding fumes and gases are dangerous to the health of the operator
and to those in close proximity. The aggravation of pre-existing
respiratory or allergic conditions may occur in some workers. Excessive
exposure may cause conditions such as nausea, dizziness, dryness and
irritation of eyes, nose and throat.
• Fumes from the welding of some metals could have an adverse effect
on your health. Don’t breathe them in. If you are welding on material
such as stainless steel, nickel, nickel alloys or galvanised steel, further
precautions are necessary.
• Wear a respirator when natural or forced ventilation is not sufficient.
Eye protection
A welding helmet with the appropriate welding filter lens for the
operation must be worn at all times in the work environment. The
welding arc and the reflecting arc flash gives out ultraviolet and infrared
rays. Protective welding screen and goggles should be provided for
others working in the same area.
Recommended filter shades for arc welding
Less than 150 amps
150 to 250 amps
250 to 300 amps
300 to 350 amps
Over 350 amps
Shade 10*
Shade 11*
Shade 12
Shade 13
Shade 14
1.2 Personal Protection
*Use one shade darker for aluminium.
Respiratory
Confined space welding should be carried out with the aid of a fume
respirator or air supplied respirator as per AS/NZS 1715 and AS/NZS 1716
Standards.
Clothing
Suitable clothing must be worn to prevent excessive exposure to UV
radiation and sparks. An adjustable helmet, flameproof loose-fitting
cotton clothing buttoned to the neck, protective leather gloves, spats,
apron and steel capped safety boots are highly recommended.
• You must always have enough ventilation in confined spaces. Be alert
to this at all times.
• Keep your head out of the fumes rising from the arc.
5
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BOC Smootharc Advance MIG 200C/275C/275R/350R Operating manual
1.3 Electrical shock
• Never touch ‘live’ electrical parts
BOC stock a huge range of personal protective equipment. This combined
with BOC’s extensive Gas and Gear network ensures fast, reliable service
throughout the South Pacific.
• Always repair or replace worn or damaged parts
• Disconnect power source before performing any maintenance or service
• Earth all work materials
• Never work in moist or damp areas
Avoid electric shock by:
• Wearing dry insulated boots.
STOP
PLEASE NOTE that under no circumstances should any
equipment or parts be altered or changed in any way from the
standard specification without written permission given by
BOC. To do so, will void the Equipment Warranty.
• Wearing dry leather gloves.
• Working on a dry insulated floor where possible.
1.4 User Responsibility
• Read the Operating Manual prior to installation of this machine.
• Unauthorised repairs to this equipment may endanger the technician
and operator and will void your warranty. Only qualified personnel
approved by BOC should perform repairs.
• Always disconnect mains power before investigating
equipment malfunctions.
• Parts that are broken, damaged, missing or worn should be
replaced immediately.
• Equipment should be cleaned periodically.
Further information can be obtained from Welding Institute of Australia
(WTIA) Technical Note No.7.
Health and Safety Welding
Published by WTIA,
PO Box 6165 Silverwater NSW 2128
Phone (02) 9748 4443
BOC Smootharc Advance MIG 200C/275C/275R/350R Operating manual
7
2.0 MIG Operating Manual
Typical MIG set up
Torch
Torch trigger
Shroud
Gas diffuser
Contact tip
Welding wire
Weld
Shielding
Droplets
Weld pool
2.1Introduction to Metal Inert Gas (MIG)
MIG welding embraces a group of arc welding processes in which a
continuous electrode (the wire) is fed by powered feed rolls (wire
feeder) into the weld pool. An electric arc is created between the tip of
the wire and the weld pool. The wire is progressively melted at the same
speed at which it is being fed and forms part of the weld pool. Both the
arc and the weld pool are protected from atmospheric contamination by
a shield of inert (non-reactive) gas, which is delivered through a nozzle
that is concentric with the welding wire guide tube.
Operation
MIG welding is usually carried out with a handheld torch as a semiautomatic process. The MIG process can be suited to a variety of job
requirements by choosing the correct shielding gas, electrode (wire) size
and welding parameters. Welding parameters include the voltage, travel
speed, arc (stick-out) length and wire feed rate. The arc voltage and wire
feed rate will determine the filler metal transfer method.
This application combines the advantages of continuity, speed,
comparative freedom from distortion and the reliability of automatic
welding with the versatility and control of manual welding. The process
is also suitable for mechanised set-ups, and its use in this respect
is increasing.
MIG welding can be carried out using solid wire, flux cored, or a coppercoated solid wire electrode. The shielding gas or gas mixture may consist
of the following:
■■
Argon
■■
Carbon dioxide
■■
Argon and carbon dioxide mixtures
■■
Argon mixtures with oxygen or helium mixtures
Each gas or gas mixture has specific advantages and limitations. Other
forms of MIG welding include using a flux-cored continuous electrode
and carbon dioxide shielding gas, or using self-shielding flux-cored wire,
requiring no shielding.
2.2Introduction to Flux Cored
Arc Welding (FCAW)
How it Works
Flux-cored arc welding (FCAW) uses the heat generated by a DC electric
arc to fuse the metal in the joint area, the arc being struck between a
continuously fed consumable filler wire and the workpiece, melting both
the filler wire and the workpiece in the immediate vicinity. The entire arc
area is covered by a shielding gas, which protects the molten weld pool
from the atmosphere.
FCAW is a variant of the MIG process and while there are many common
features between the two processes, there are also several fundamental
differences.
As with MIG, direct current power sources with constant voltage output
characteristics are normally employed to supply the welding current.
With flux-cored wires the terminal that the filler wire is connected
to depends on the specific product being used, some wires running
electrode positive, others running electrode negative. The work return
is then connected to the opposite terminal. It has also been found that
the output characteristics of the power source can have an effect on the
quality of the welds produced.
The wire feed unit takes the filler wire from a spool, and feeds it
through the welding torch, to the arc at a predetermined and accurately
controlled speed. Normally, special knurled feed rolls are used with fluxcored wires to assist feeding and to prevent crushing the consumable.
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BOC Smootharc Advance MIG 200C/275C/275R/350R Operating manual
Extended self shielded flux cored wire nozzle
Unlike MIG, which uses a solid consumable filler wire, the consumable
used in FCAW is of tubular construction, an outer metal sheath being
filled with fluxing agents plus metal powder. The flux fill is also used to
provide alloying, arc stability, slag cover, de-oxidation, and, with some
wires, gas shielding.
In terms of gas shielding, there are two different ways in which this may
be achieved with the FCAW process.
■■
■■
Additional gas-shielding supplied from an external source, such as a
gas cylinder
Production of a shielding gas by decomposition of fluxing agents
within the wire, self-shielding
Gas shielded wires are available with either a basic or rutile flux fill,
while self-shielded wires have a broadly basic-type flux fill. The flux
fill dictates the way the wire performs, the properties obtainable, and
suitable applications.
Gas-shielded Operation
Many cored wire consumables require an auxiliary gas shield in the
same way that solid wire MIG consumables do. These types of wire are
generally referred to as ‘gas-shielded’.
Using an auxiliary gas shield enables the wire designer to concentrate on
the performance characteristics, process tolerance, positional capabilities,
and mechanical properties of the products.
In a flux cored wire the metal sheath is generally thinner than that of
a self-shielded wire. The area of this metal sheath surrounding the flux
cored wire is much smaller than that of a solid MIG wire. This means that
the electrical resistance within the flux cored wire is higher than with
solid MIG wires and it is this higher electrical resistance that gives this
type of wire some of its novel operating properties.
One often quoted property of fluxed cored wires are their higher
deposition rates than solid MIG wires. What is often not explained is how
they deliver these higher values and whether these can be utilised. For
example, if a solid MIG wire is used at 250 amps, then exchanged for a
flux cored wire of the same diameter, and welding power source controls
are left unchanged, then the current reading would be much less than
250 amps, perhaps as low as 220 amps. This is because of Ohms Law that
states that as the electrical resistance increases if the voltage remains
stable then the current must fall.
To bring the welding current back to 250 amps it is necessary to
increase the wire feed speed, effectively increasing the amount of
wire being pushed into the weld pool to make the weld. It is this affect
that produces the ‘higher deposition rates’ that the flux cored wire
manufacturers claim for this type of product. Unfortunately in many
instances the welder has difficulty in utilising this higher wire feed speed
and must either increase the welding speed or increase the size of the
weld. Often in manual applications neither of these changes can be
implemented and the welder simply reduces the wire feed speed back
to where it was and the advantages are lost. However, if the process
is automated in some way then the process can show improvements in
productivity.
It is also common to use longer contact tip to workplace distances with
flux cored arc welding than with solid wire MIG welding and this also
has the effect of increasing the resistive heating on the wire further
accentuating the drop in welding current. Research has also shown
that increasing this distance can lead to an increase in the ingress of
nitrogen and hydrogen into the weld pool, which can affect the quality of
the weld.
Flux cored arc welding has a lower efficiency than solid wire MIG welding
because part of the wire fill contains slag forming agents. Although the
BOC Smootharc Advance MIG 200C/275C/275R/350R Operating manual
9
Process Schematic Diagram for MIG / FCAW and MCAW
Gas hose
Continous wire
Wire feed unit
Power cable
Torch conduit
Gas cylinder
Welding torch
Arc
Workpiece
Power source
Earth clamp
Return cable
efficiency varies differs by wire type and manufacturer it is typically
between 75–85%.
Flux cored arc welding does, however, have the same drawback as solid
wire MIG in terms of gas disruption by wind, and screening is always
necessary for site work. It also incurs the extra cost of shielding gas, but
this is often outweighed by gains in productivity.
Self-shielded Operation
There are also self-shielded consumables designed to operate without an
additional gas shield. In this type of product, arc shielding is provided by
gases generated by decomposition of some constituents within the flux
fill. These types of wire are referred to as ‘self-shielded’.
If no external gas shield is required, then the flux fill must provide
sufficient gas to protect the molten pool and to provide de-oxidisers and
nitride formers to cope with atmospheric contamination. This leaves less
scope to address performance, arc stabilisation, and process tolerance, so
these tend to suffer when compared with gas shielded types.
Wire efficiencies are also lower, at about 65%, in this mode of operation
than with gas-shielded wires. However, the wires do have a distinct
advantage when it comes to site work in terms of wind tolerance, as
there is no external gas shield to be disrupted.
When using self-shielded wires, external gas supply is not required and,
therefore, the gas shroud is not necessary. However, an extension nozzle
is often used to support and direct the long electrode extensions that are
needed to obtain high deposition rates.
2.3Introduction to Metal Cored
Arc Welding (MCAW)
How it Works
Metal-cored arc welding (MCAW) uses the heat generated by a DC
electric arc to fuse metal in the joint area, the arc being struck between a
continuously fed consumable filler wire and the workpiece, melting both
the filler wire and the workpiece in the immediate vicinity. The entire arc
area is covered by a shielding gas, which protects the molten weld pool
from the atmosphere.
As MCAW is a variant of the MIG welding process there are many
common features between the two processes, but there are also several
fundamental differences.
As with MIG, direct current power sources with constant voltage output
characteristics are normally employed to supply the welding current.
With metal-cored wires the terminal the filler wire is connected to
depends on the specific product being used, some wires designed to run
on electrode positive, others preferring electrode negative, and some
which will run on either. The work return lead is then connected to the
opposite terminal. Electrode negative operation will usually give better
positional welding characteristics. The output characteristics of the power
source can have an effect on the quality of the welds produced.
The wire feed unit takes the filler wire from a spool or bulk pack, and
feeds it through the welding torch, to the arc at a predetermined and
accurately controlled speed. Normally, special knurled feed rolls are used
with metal-cored wires to assist feeding and to prevent crushing the
consumable.
Unlike MIG, which uses a solid consumable filler wire, the consumable
used in MCAW is of tubular construction, an outer metal sheath being
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BOC Smootharc Advance MIG 200C/275C/275R/350R Operating manual
Schematic of Dip Transfer
1
2
3
4
5
6
Short circuit
Necking
Arc re-ignition
Arc established
Arc gap shortens
Short circuit
1
2
3
4
5
6
Time
Current (A)
Voltage (V)
Short circuit cycle
filled entirely with metal powder except for a small amount of nonmetallic compounds. These are added to provide some arc stability and
de-oxidation.
MCAW consumables always require an auxiliary gas shield in the same
way that solid MIG wires do. Wires are normally designed to operate in
argon-carbon dioxide or argon-carbon dioxide-oxygen mixtures or carbon
dioxide. Argon rich mixtures tend to produce lower fume levels than
carbon dioxide.
As with MIG, the consumable filler wire and the shielding gas are
directed into the arc area by the welding torch. In the head of the torch,
the welding current is transferred to the wire by means of a copper alloy
contact tip, and a gas diffuser distributes the shielding gas evenly around
a shroud which then allows the gas to flow over the weld area. The
position of the contact tip relative to the gas shroud may be adjusted to
limit the minimum electrode extension.
Modes of metal transfer with MCAW are very similar to those obtained in
MIG welding, the process being operable in both ‘dip transfer’ and ‘spray
transfer’ modes. Metal-cored wires may also be used in pulse transfer
mode at low mean currents, but this has not been widely exploited.
Modes of Metal Transfer
The mode or type of metal transfer in MIG welding depends upon the
current, arc voltage, electrode diameter and type of shielding gas used.
In general, there are four modes of metal transfer.
Modes of metal transfer with FCAW are similar to those obtained in MIG
welding, but here the mode of transfer is heavily dependent on the
composition of the flux fill, as well as on current and voltage.
Arcing cycle
The most common modes of transfer in FCAW are:
■■
Dip transfer
■■
Globular transfer
■■
Spray transfer
■■
Pulsed arc transfer operation has been applied to flux-cored wires but,
as yet, is not widely used because the other transfer modes are giving
users what they require, in most cases.
Dip Transfer
Also known as short-circuiting arc or short-arc, this is an all-positional
process, using low heat input. The use of relatively low current and arc
voltage settings cause the electrode to intermittently short-circuit with
the weld pool at a controlled frequency. Metal is transferred by the wire
tip actually dipping into the weld pool and the short-circuit current is
sufficient to allow the arc to be re-established. This short-circuiting mode
of metal transfer effectively extends the range of MIG welding to lower
currents so thin sheet material can readily be welded. The low heat input
makes this technique well-suited to the positional welding of root runs
on thick plate, butt welds for bridging over large gaps and for certain
difficult materials where heat input is critical. Each short-circuit causes
the current to rise and the metal fuses off the end of the electrode. A
high short-circuiting frequency gives low heat input. Dip transfer occurs
between ±70-220A, 14–23 arc volts. It is achieved using shielding gases
based on carbon dioxide and argon.
Metal-cored wires transfer metal in dip mode at low currents just like
solid MIG wires. This transfer mode is used for all positional work with
these types of wire.
BOC Smootharc Advance MIG 200C/275C/275R/350R Operating manual
Schematic of Globular Transfer
11
Schematic of Spray Transfer
Gas shroud
Shielding gas
Wire
Droplets
Large droplet
Splatter
Workpiece
Globular Transfer
Metal transfer is controlled by slow ejection resulting in large, irregularlyshaped ‘globs’ falling into the weld pool under the action of gravity.
Carbon dioxide gas drops are dispersed haphazardly. With argon-based
gases, the drops are not as large and are transferred in a more axial
direction. There is a lot of spatter, especially in carbon dioxide, resulting
in greater wire consumption, poor penetration and poor appearance.
Globular transfer occurs between the dip and spray ranges. This mode of
transfer is not recommended for normal welding applications and may
be corrected when encountered by either decreasing the arc voltage
or increasing the amperage. Globular transfer can take place with any
electrode diameter.
Basic flux-cored wires tend to operate in a globular mode or in a
globular-spray transfer mode where larger than normal spray droplets
are propelled across the arc, but they never achieve a true spray
transfer mode. This transfer mode is sometimes referred to as non-axial
globular transfer.
Self-shielded flux-cored wires operate in a predominantly globular
transfer mode although at high currents the wire often ‘explodes’ across
the arc.
Spray Transfer
In spray transfer, metal is projected by an electromagnetic force from
the wire tip in the form of a continuous stream of discrete droplets
approximately the same size as the wire diameter. High deposition
rates are possible and weld appearance and reliability are good. Most
metals can be welded, but the technique is limited generally to plate
thicknesses greater than 6mm. Spray transfer, due to the tendency of
the large weld pool to spill over, cannot normally be used for positional
Weld
Workpiece
welding. The main exception is aluminium and its alloys where, primarily
because of its low density and high thermal conductivity, spray transfer
in position can be carried out.
The current flows continuously because of the high voltage maintaining a
long arc and short-circuiting cannot take place. It occurs best with argonbased gases.
In solid wire MIG, as the current is increased, dip transfer passes into
spray transfer via a transitional globular transfer mode. With metalcored wires there is virtually a direct transition from dip transfer to spray
transfer as the current is increased.
For metal cored wire spray transfer occurs as the current density
increases and an arc is formed at the end of the filler wire, producing
a stream of small metal droplets. Often the outside sheath of the wire
will melt first and the powder in the centre flows as a stream of smaller
droplet into the weld pool. This effect seems to give much better transfer
of alloying elements into the weld.
In spray transfer, as the current density increases, an arc is formed at
the end of the filler wire, producing a stream of small metal droplets. In
solid wire MIG this transfer mode occurs at higher currents. Flux-cored
wires do not achieve a completely true spray transfer mode but a transfer
mode that is almost true spray may occur at higher currents and can
occur at relatively low currents depending on the composition of the flux.
Rutile flux-cored wires will operate in this almost-spray transfer mode, at
all practicable current levels. They are also able to operate in this mode
for positional welding too. Basic flux-cored and self-shielded flux-cored
wires do not operate in anything approaching true spray transfer mode.
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BOC Smootharc Advance MIG 200C/275C/275R/350R Operating manual
Typical Metal Transfer Mode
Process
Dip
Transfer
Cast and Helix
Globular
Transfer
Spray Transfer
Cast
Metal Inert Gas
(MIG)
�
�
�
Flux Cored
(Gas Shielded)
�
�
�*
Flux Cored
(Self Shielded)
�
�
�
Metal Cored
�
�
�
Helix
Cast – Diameter of the circle
Helix – Vertical height
* Not True Spray
2.4Fundamentals of MIG, FCAW and MCAW
Common Materials Welded with BOC MIG Wire
Welding Technique
Successful welding depends on the following factors:
Material
AS2074 C1,C2,C3, C4-1,C4-2,C5,C6
BS3100 AW1,A2,A3
BS1504-430,480,540
ASTM A36,A106,EN8,8A
Stainless Steel
Grade 304
Grade 309
Grade 316
1 Selection of correct consumables
2 Selection of the correct power source
3 Selection of the correct polarity on the power source
4 Selection of the correct shielding gas
5 Selection of the correct application techniques
a Correct angle of electrode to work
b Correct electrical stickout
c Correct travel speed
6 Selection of the welding preparation
Selection of Correct Consumable
Chemical composition
As a general rule the selection of a wire is straightforward, in that it
is only a matter of selecting an electrode of similar composition to
the parent material. It will be found, however, that there are certain
applications that electrodes will be selected on the basis of its
mechanical properties or level of residual hydrogen in the weldmetal.
Solid MIG wires are all considered to be of the 'low Hydrogen type'
consumables.
The following table gives a general overview of the selection of some of
the BOC range of MIG wires for the most common materials.
BOC MIG Wire
BOC Mild Steel MIG Wire
BOC Mild Steel MIG Wire
BOC Mild Steel MIG Wire
BOC Mild Steel MIG Wire
BOC Stainless Steel 308LSi
BOC Stainless Steel 309LSi
BOC Stainless Steel 316LSi
Physical condition
Surface condition
The welding wire must be free from any surface contamination including
mechanical damage such as scratch marks.
A simple test for checking the surface condition is to run the wire through
a cloth that has been dampened with acetone for 20 secs. If a black
residue is found on the cloth the surface of the wire is not properly
cleaned.
Cast and Helix
The cast and helix of the wire has a major influence on the feedability of
MIG wire.
If the cast is too large the wire will move in an upward direction from the
tip when welding and if too small the wire will dip down from the tip. The
result of this is excessive tip wear and increased wear in the liners.
If the helix is too large the wire will leave the tip with a corkscrew effect.
BOC Smootharc Advance MIG 200C/275C/275R/350R Operating manual
13
Selection of the Correct Power Source
Power sources for MIG welding is selected on a number of different
criteria, including:
Selection of the Correct Shielding Gas
The selection of the shielding gas has a direct influence on the
appearance and quality of the weldbead.
1 Maximum output of the machine
The thickness of the material to be welded will determine the type of
shielding gas that has to be selected. As a general rule the thicker the
material (C-Mn and Alloy steels) are the higher the percentage of CO2 in
the shielding gas mixture.
2 Duty cycle
3 Output control (voltage selection, wire feed speed control)
4 Portability
The following table gives an indication of the operating amperage for
different size wires.
Wire Size
0.8 mm
0.9 mm
1.0 mm
1.2 mm
Amperage Range (A)
60–180
70–250
90–280
120–340
S election of the Correct Polarity on the Power Source
Many power sources are fitted with an optional reverse polarity dinse
connector.
To achieve the optimum welding it is important to adhere to the
consumable manufacturer's instruction to select the polarity.
As a general rule all solid and metal cored wires are welded on electrode
positive. (Work return lead fitted to the negative connector.)
Some grades of self shielded flux cored wires (i.e. E71T-11, E71T-GS etc)
needs to be welded on electrode negative. (Work return lead fitted to the
positive connector.)
Different grades of shielding are required for materials such as stainless
steel, aluminium and copper.
The following table gives an indication of the most common shielding
gases used for Carbon Manganese and alloy steel.
Material thickness
1–8 mm
5–12 mm
>12 mm
Recommended shielding gas
Argoshield Light
Argoshield Universal
Argoshield Heavy
More detailed selection charts, including recommendations for welding
parameters (voltage, amperage, electrical stickout, travelspeed and
gasflow rate) can be found in the following pages.
14
BOC Smootharc Advance MIG 200C/275C/275R/350R Operating manual
3.0 General Welding Information
3.1 Recommended Welding Parameters
Argoshield Light
Indicative
Welding Parameters
Dip Transfer
Material thickness (mm)
1–1.6
2
3
4
3
4
6
8–9
Welding position
Horizontal /
Vertical
Horizontal /
Vertical
Horizontal /
Vertical
Horizontal /
Vertical
Horizontal
Horizontal
Horizontal
Horizontal
Wire diameter (mm)
0.8–0.9
0.8–0.9
0.8–0.9
0.9–1.0
0.8
0.9
1.0
1.2
Current (amps)
45–80
60–100
80–120
80–150
160–180
170–200
180–220
240–280
Voltage (volts)
14–16
16–17
16–18
16–18
23–25
24–27
24–26
27–29
Wire feed speed (m/min)
3.5–5.0
4.0–7.0
4.0–7.0
4.0–7.0
7.5–9.0
9.0–12.0
8.0–10.0
7.0–9.0
Gas rate flow (L/min)
15
15
15
15
15
15
18
18
Travel speed (mm/min)
350–500
350–500
320–500
280–450
800–1000
420–500
300–400
400–500
Spray Transfer
Argoshield Universal
Indicative
Welding Parameters
Dip Transfer
Material thickness (mm)
4
6
8
4
6
12
Welding position
Horizontal /
Vertical
Horizontal /
Vertical
Horizontal /
Vertical
Horizontal
Horizontal
Horizontal
Wire diameter (mm)
0.9–1.0
0.9–1.0
1.2
1.0
1.2
1.2
Current (amps)
120–160
140–160
140–160
180–210
240–260
280–310
Voltage (volts)
17–19
17–18
17–18
23–25
25–27
27–31
Wire feed speed (m/min)
4.0–5.2
4.0–5.0
3.2–4.0
8.0–12.0
7.0–9.0
9.0–11.0
Gas rate flow (L/min)
15
15
15
18
18
18
Travel speed (mm/min)
240–300
280–340
380–460
400–500
420–530
370–440
Spray Transfer
BOC Smootharc Advance MIG 200C/275C/275R/350R Operating manual
Argoshield Heavy
Indicative
Welding Parameters
Dip Transfer
Material thickness (mm)
10
12+
10
12+
Welding position
Horizontal/
Vertical
Horizontal/
Vertical
Horizontal
Horizontal
Wire diameter (mm)
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
Current (amps)
140–160
140–160
240–260
290–330
Voltage (volts)
17–18
17–18
27–29
28–31
Wire feed speed (m/min)
3.2–4.0
3.2–4.0
7.0–8.0
10.0–12.0
Gas rate flow (L/min)
18
18
18
18
Travel speed (mm/min)
300–450
300–450
400–480
370–440
Spray Transfer
Argoshield 52 (Aus) or Argoshield FCW (NZ)
Indicative
Welding Parameters
Metal Cored Wires
Flux Cored Wires
Material thickness (mm)
10
12
20
12
12
20
20
Welding position
Horizontal
Horizontal
Horizontal
Horizontal
Vertical
Horizontal
Vertical
Wire diameter (mm)
1.2
1.2
1.6
1.2
1.2
1.6
1.6
Current (amps)
200–250
300–350
300–400
200–250
175–200
350–400
200–250
Voltage (volts)
27–29
31–34
30–32
25–28
24–25
29–32
24–26
Wire feed speed (m/min)
6.9–10.0
13.2–16.3
5.6–8.4
9.1–13.1
7.5–9.1
8.7–11.2
4.1–5.3
Gas rate flow (L/min)
18
18
18
18
15
18
15
Travel speed (mm/min)
380–550
380–550
350–450
200–300
150–250
300–400
150–200
Stainshield (Aus) or Stainshield MIG (NZ)
Indicative
Welding Parameters
Dip Transfer
Material thickness (mm)
4
6
8
4
6
10
Welding position
Horizontal /
Vertical
Horizontal /
Vertical
Horizontal /
Vertical
Horizontal
Horizontal
Horizontal
Wire diameter (mm)
0.9–1.0
0.9–1.0
0.9–1.0
1.0
1.2
1.2
Current (amps)
100–125
120–150
120–150
180–220
260–280
260–310
Voltage (volts)
17–19
18–20
18–20
24–28
26–30
28–32
Wire feed speed (m/min)
5.0–6.5
6.0–7.5
6.0–8.0
7.0–9.0
8.0–10.0
9.0–11.0
Gas rate flow (L/min)
15
15
18
18
18
18
Travel speed (mm/min)
400–600
280–500
280–450
350–450
380–460
320–450
Spray Transfer
15
16
BOC Smootharc Advance MIG 200C/275C/275R/350R Operating manual
4.0 Correct Application Techniques
Electrical stickout
C
S
V
A
E
Contact Tube Setback
Standoff Distance
Visible Stickout
Arc length
Electrical Stickout
Gas Nozzle
Contact Tube
C
Consumable
S
Electrode
V
E
A
Workpiece
Correct Application Techniques
Direction of welding.
MIG welding with solid wires takes place normally with a push technique.
The welding torch is tilted at an angle of 10° towards the direction of
welding. (Push technique)
10°
Torch positioned at a drag angle of 10° narrow bead with excessive
reinforcement.
Flux cored welding with cored wires takes place normally with the drag
technique. The welding torch is tilted at an angle of 10° away from the
direction of welding. For all other applications the torch angle remains
the same.
The influence of changing the torch angle and the welding direction on
the weld bead profile can be seen below.
0–15°
90°
90°
Torch position for butt welds
Torch perpendicular to workpiece narrow bead width with increased
reinforcement.
10°
When welding butt welds the torch should be positioned within the
centre of the groove and tilted at an angle of ±15° from the vertical
plane. Welding is still performed in the push technique.
0–15°
45°
45°
BOC Smootharc Advance MIG 200C/275C/275R/350R Operating manual
Electrical stickout
Short
Short
Travel speed
Normal
Normal
Long
Long
Torch position for fillet welds
When welding fillet welds the torch should be positioned at an angle of
45° from the bottom plate with the wire pointing into the fillet corner.
Welding is still performed in the push technique.
Electrical stickout
The electrical stickout is the distance between the end of the contact
tip and the end of the wire. An increase in the electrical stickout results
in an increase in the electrical resistance. The resultant increase in
temperature has a positive influence in the melt-off rate of the wire that
will have an influence on the weldbead profile.
Influence of the change in electrical stickout length on the weldbead
profile.
The travel speed will have an influence on the weldbead profile and the
reinforcement height.
If the travel speed is too slow a wide weldbead with excessive rollover
will result. Contrary if the travel speed is too high a narrow weldbead
with excessive reinforcement will result.
Recommendation about travel speed are contained in the detailed gases
datasheets found on pages 14-15 of this manual.
Slow
Normal
Fast
Slow
Normal
Fast
17
18
BOC Smootharc Advance MIG 200C/275C/275R/350R Operating manual
5.0 Package Contents
Smootharc ADVANCE Range
MIG 200C
Power source with input cable and plug
MIG Torch
BOC Argon regulator
Work return lead
1× gas hose
1× lifting lug
MIG 275C
MIG 275R
MIG 350R
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Binzel MB Ergo 24KD
Binzel MB Ergo 36KD
Binzel MB Ergo 36KD
Binzel ABIMIG 355
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Wire feed rollers
Knurled
0.8-0.9/1.0-1.2
0.8-0.9/1.0-1.2
0.8-0.9/1.0-1.2
0.8-0.9/1.0-1.2/1.2-1.6
U Groove
0.8-0.9/1.0-1.2
0.8-0.9/1.0-1.2
0.8-0.9/1.0-1.2
0.8-0.9/1.0-1.2/1.2-1.6
V Groove
0.6-0.8/0.9-1.0/1.0-1.2
0.6-0.8/0.9-1.0/1.0-1.2
0.6-0.8/0.9-1.0/1.0-1.2
0.6-0.8/0.9-1.0/1.0-1.2
Equipment tray (with fixing screws)
1
1
2
2
Allan key (for adjustment of outlet guide)
1
1
–
–
Wire feeder
–
–
1.5m and 10m inter-connecting cables
–
–
4× castor wheels
–
–
4× rubber feet
–
–
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BOC Smootharc Advance MIG 200C/275C/275R/350R Operating manual
6.0 Smootharc ADVANCE Installation
Installation configuration of MIG 200C/275C
6.1 Compact Models
Important Notice 275C and 275R
1 Connect the gas cylinder to the regulator. Select correct shielding gas
for the application.
Both the 275C & 275R come fitted with a 15A plug and lead.
2 Insert the earth return lead connection into the front panel.
As stated on the label fitted to the lead, in order to obtain full rated
output an electrician must fit the larger input cable supplied with the
machine along with a 32 amp plug to an electrical circuit rated to at
least 32 amps.
3 Fit the wire spool to the machine. Select correct welding wire for
application.
4 Select the appropriate feed roller to suit the wire being used (refer to
page 18)
-- This machine comes complete with three types of wire feed rollers
-- V groove for use with solid carbon manganese and stainless steels
-- U groove for use with soft wires such as aluminium
-- Knurled to be used with flux cored wires
5 Loosen the wire feed tension screws and insert the wire. Re fit and
tension rollers ensuring the wire is gripped sufficiently so as not to
slip but avoid over tightening as this can affect feed quality ad cause
wire feed components to wear rapidly.
6 Fit and tighten the torch on the output connection. Ensure correct
torch liner and contact tip are selected.
7 Polarity Selection. Select the correct polarity for the type of wire
used as indicated on the consumable packaging. This is achieved
by swapping the polarity terminal wires located on the inside of the
machine. For most solid wires the terminal should be set as torch
positive (red cable on red terminal, black cable on black terminal).
19
20
BOC Smootharc Advance MIG 200C/275C/275R/350R Operating manual
Installation configuration of MIG 275R/350R
Important Notice 275C and 275R
Both the 275C & 275R come fitted with a 15A plug and lead.
As stated on the label fitted to the lead, in order to obtain full rated
output an electrician must fit the larger input cable supplied with the
machine along with a 32 amp plug to an electrical circuit rated to at
least 32 amps.
6.2 Remote Models
1 Connect the gas cylinder to the regulator. Select correct shielding gas
for the application.
2 Insert the earth return lead connection into the front panel.
3 Fit the wire spool to the machine. Select correct welding wire for
application.
4 Select the appropriate feed roller to suit the wire being used (refer to
page 18)
-- This machine comes complete with three types of wire feed rollers
-- V groove for use with solid carbon manganese and stainless steels
-- U groove for use with soft wires such as aluminium
-- Knurled to be used with flux cored wires
5 Loosen the wire feed tension screws and insert the wire. Re fit and
tension rollers ensuring the wire is gripped sufficiently so as not to
slip but avoid over tightening as this can affect feed quality and cause
wire feed components to wear rapidly.
6 Fit and tighten the torch on the output connection. Ensure correct
torch liner and contact tip are selected.
7 Polarity Selection.
For solid wire (DCEP).
-- Connect the inter-connection cable to the wire feed control and
power sockets at the rear of the power source. Repeat this on the
wire feeder.
For select flux-cored wire and self-shielded wire (DCEN)
-- Connect the inter-connection cable wire feed control into the socket
at the rear of the power source.
-- Fit the wire feed power cable into the front of the machine.
-- Attach the earth cable to the rear of the machine.
Primary current rating
These machines have a primary current (input) rating of 33 amps.
To obtain full rated output, they must be
a) connected to an approved plug and socket or
b) direct wired to an electrical circuit rated and protected for at
least 32 amps.
Consult an electrician for any additional wiring requirements.
Effective primary current
The effective primary current (I1Ef) based on the calculation from
AS60974.1 Welding power sources
Start-up Current
Due to the design of the welding power source, a high start up (inrush)
current will occur in the primary circuit when initially energised, in the
case of a MIG welder this happens when the torch trigger is pressed.
In some cases this inrush current can cause the electrical supply circuit
breaker to trip. The occurrence of this happening will vary depending on
the size and type of circuit breaker installed, and the output settings of
the welder. To overcome this problem, a “D” curve circuit breaker can be
installed which is designed to delay its tripping time to allow for the high
start-up current of motors and transformers. Consult an electrician for
more information on circuit breaker selection.
WARNING
All electrical work must be carried out by a qualified electrician.
BOC Smootharc Advance MIG 200C/275C/275R/350R Operating manual
7.0 Smootharc ADVANCE Operation
7.1 Compact and Remote Models
1 Ensure the machine is correctly plugged into the main circuit.
2 Proper PPE must be worn
3 Ensure workplace safety such as fume extraction is in place
4 Switch machine on using On/Off switch
5 Open gas cylinder and set gas flow rate by depressing gas
purge button
6 Set voltage and wire feed speed (the tables included in this manual
can be used as a guideline for voltage and wire speed selection)
7 Voltage is set by adjusting voltage knob (v) on wire feeder/
power source
8 Wire feed speed can be set independently by adjusting the “wire
speed” knob
on the wire
9 Inductance can be changed by adjusting the
feeder/power source. The value will be displayed (whilst welding) on
the power source
10Welding wire can be fed through the torch by selecting “Wire Inch”
button on the wire feeder/power source.
NOTE
Refer to the Control Panels section for a complete explanation of
all functionalities.
21
22
BOC Smootharc Advance MIG 200C/275C/275R/350R Operating manual
8.0 Control Panels
Front Panel of MIG 200C/275C
Power indicator led
Voltage meter
Current meter
Gas purge button
Wire inch button
Current/Voltage/
Inductance button
2T/4T button
Wire speed selection
Parameters adjustment
ON/OFF switch
8.1 Compact Models
The easy-to-operate and understand machine front panel includes two
LED displays for welding voltage and current/wire feed speed.
Torch latching
This is obtained by using the scroll button on the machine front face.
Wire feed motor speed range adjustment
The operating parameters of the wire feed motor can be altered by
switching to low or high speed range using the wire speed selection on
the front panel of the machine.
Gas Purge
The gas purge allows setting of the gas flow rate without the wire
feeding through the wire feed unit. This can also be used to purge the
system prior to the start of welding or after shutdown to ensure that no
shielding gas is trapped within the system.
Wire inch control
This control will feed the wire at a rate of 11m per minute through the
wire feeder without activating the gas solenoid of the power source
eliminating wastage of shielding gas.
down it enables the operator to inch
By holding the wire inch button
the wire through the torch without having to depress the trigger.
This is also a safety feature because, if the operator uses the trigger on
the torch to feed the wire through, the welding current will also be on.
When the wire exits the torch it may make contact with the work piece
and cause an arc flash. This is injurious to exposed eyes and skin. It also
allows the wire to be feed through without the shielding.
Voltage adjustment
The inverter power source allows infinite adjustment of welding voltage
even when the arc is struck.
Wire speed/amperage
The wire feed control adjusts the speed that the wire is fed through the
MIG torch. The BOC Smootharc ADVANCE wire feed control is stepless
which means it can be adjusted whilst welding. This is an excellent
feature with these machines because the operator can set the ideal
parameters when welding. The higher the wire feed speed the higher the
amperage of the machine.
Inductance
Refer to page 24 for a complete explanation of the function of
inductance. Inductance on the BOC Smootharc ADVANCE machine can
infinitely be adjusted.
Changing the inductance will have an enhancing effect on both spatter
and weld bead appearance during dip transfer. Virtually spatter free
welds can be obtained even when using 100% C02 as a shielding gas.
As the control panel on the compact models is semi-synergic, adjusting
the wire speed control will also affect the voltage. In order to set
voltage independently, press Current/Voltage/Inductance button so
that the green indicator light is on V. While holding the button, turn the
Parameters adjustment to set the required voltage. The selected voltage
will be displayed in the Voltage meter window.
Adjusting the inductance modifies the arc characteristics and is
particularly useful when using short circuiting (dip) by controlling the
amount of spatter produced. This is done by pressing Current/Voltage/
. The
Inductance button until the light indicator is fixed on
percentage can now be adjusted by turning the Parameters adjustment
and will be displayed as a percentage in the Current meter window.
BOC Smootharc Advance MIG 200C/275C/275R/350R Operating manual
Front Panel of MIG 275R/350R
23
Front panel of wire feeder of MIG 275R/350R
Power indicator led
Voltage meter
Wire inch button
Current meter
Gas purge button
Voltage adjustment
Inductance adjustment
Wire speed adjustment
2T/4T button
Wire speed selection
ON/OFF switch
8.2 Remote models
The easy-to-operate and understand machine front panel includes two
LED displays for welding voltage and current/wire feed speed.
Torch latching
This is obtained by using the scroll button on the machine front face.
Wire feed motor speed range adjustment
The operating parameters of the wire feed motor can be altered by
switching to low or high speed range using the scroll button on the front
panel of the machine.
Gas Purge
The gas purge allows setting of the gas flow rate without the wire
feeding through the wire feed unit. This can also be used to purge the
system prior to the start of welding or after shutdown to ensure that no
shielding gas is trapped within the system.
Remote Wire feed front panel
The controls situated on the wire feeder allows the operator full
control over the welding parameters without having to go back to the
power source.
Wire inch control
This control will feed the wire at a rate of 11m per minute through the
wire feeder without activating the gas solenoid of the power source
eliminating wastage of shielding gas.
By holding the button down it enables the operator to inch the wire
through the torch without having to depress the trigger.
This is also a safety feature because, if the operator uses the trigger on
the torch to feed the wire through, the welding current will also be on.
When the wire exits the torch it may make contact with the work piece
and cause an arc flash. This is injurious to exposed eyes and skin. It also
allows the wire to be feed through without the shielding.
Voltage adjustment
The inverter power source allows infinite adjustment of welding voltage
even when the arc is struck.
Wire speed/amperage
The wire feed control adjusts the speed that the wire is fed through the
MIG torch. The BOC Smootharc ADVANCE wire feed control is stepless
which means it can be adjusted whilst welding. This is an excellent
feature with these machines because the operator can set the ideal
parameters when welding. The higher the wire feed speed the higher the
amperage of the machine.
Inductance
Refer to page 24 for a complete explanation of the function of
inductance. Inductance on the BOC Smootharc ADVANCE machine can
infinitely be adjusted.
Changing the inductance will have an enhancing effect on both spatter
and weld bead appearance during dip transfer. Virtually spatter free
welds can be obtained even when using 100% CO2 as a shielding gas.
24
BOC Smootharc Advance MIG 200C/275C/275R/350R Operating manual
8.3 Inductance
Inductance is defined as the rise in current temperature to above normal,
in any electrical circuit that results in the melting of the wire at some
point. Consider dip transfer (short ¬circuiting arc) in action. Before the
wire strikes the work-piece, there is no flow of current and the OCV has
maximum value. When the wire strikes the work-piece it creates what
is known as a “dead short”. This short-circuit causes the current to rise
rapidly and burn off the wire violently. This rapid melt flings about metal
globules as it takes place. These globules settle on the work-piece and
welding torch in the form of “spatter”.
To control the rise rate of short-circuiting current, a choke (or inductor) is
fitted in series with the welding power cable. This inductor “chokes” the
rate of rise of current and ensures a smooth arc condition.
Inductance controls the rate of rise of short-circuiting current. It becomes
evident that inductance must be a function of time and current, since it
controls the time taken for the current to rise to the pre-set value. Hence
an increase in inductance results in less frequent short-circuiting. Fewer
short-circuits imply that the arc is present for a longer duration of time.
Increased “arc-on” time means increased heat.
Therefore, on a heavier plate where more heat is required to ensure
good fusion, more inductance would contribute immensely. Conversely
on thinner sections less inductance would lead to a decrease in “arc-on”
time, and consequently a “cooler” arc which enables thin materials to be
welded with ease.
Summarising, inductance has the following effects:
• reduced spatter
• heat control
• has no effect when spray-arc welding, because there is no more
change in current, the inductance coil plays no further part. A certain
amount of inductance with spray-transfer will provide softer starts (the
initial short-circuit)
8.4 Synergic Control (One Knob Control)
In synergic control the machine will automatically select the voltage and
wire feed speed to be in balance depending on the curve that has been
selected for that application. For example, if the voltage is changed the
wire speed will be automatically adjusted for the selected voltage.
Most power sources will allow fine adjustment for individual welding
preferences.
8.5 4T/2T Trigger Latch Selection
On all MIG machines there is no current or wire feed until the trigger
on the torch is depressed. If a welder is doing a lot of welding then he
has to hold the trigger down for long periods of time and may cause
discomfort. This is can be similar to repetitive strain injury (RSI) that has
become a very popular topic for compensation by office workers.
On all machines a special function called 2T and 4T is available. Also
referred to as trigger latching, this special feature allows the operator to
relax the trigger after first depressing it, the gas shielding to start before
the welding commences. This feature is of particular importance as it
ensures that the weld will have adequate gas shielding to eliminate the
risk of oxidisation (contaminants) causing a defective weld. (remember,
a defective weld may not be detected by a visual inspection.)
The 2T/4T function also allows for the shielding gas to continue after the
weld has finished and cooled. This eliminates the risk of oxidation while
the weld is still in its molten state. This is particularly important when
welding stainless steel materials.
BOC Smootharc Advance MIG 200C/275C/275R/350R Operating manual
25
9.0 Troubleshooting and Fault Finding
Power source
Component
Primary cable
Earth cable and clamp
Connectors and lugs
Switches
Fault symptom
No or low welding output
Arc will not initiate
Overheating of connectors and lugs
Erratic or no output control
Cause
Bad or incorrect primary connection, lost phase
Damaged, loose or undersized cables and clamps
Loose or badly crimped connectors
Switches damaged or incorrectly set for the application
Component
Gas solenoid valve
Wire feed rolls
Fault symptom
No gas flow or gas flows continuously
Wire slippage, wire deformation
Inlet, outlet guides
Universal adaptor
Wire shaving or snarling
Wire restriction, gas leaks, no trigger control
Wire feed speed control
No control over wire feed speed, no amperage
control
Wire live when feeding through cable and torch
before welding
Wire spool drags or overruns
Cause
Gas valve faulty or sticking in open position
Incorrect feed roll size, incorrect tension adjustment,
misalignment
Incorrect wire guide sizes, misalignment
Universal adaptor not correctly mounted or secured, incorrect
size of internal guide, bent contact pins
Faulty wire speed feed potentiometer, wire feed motor in
overload or trip condition
Faulty wire inch switch, inappropriate use of torch trigger switch
Wire feeder
Wire inch switch
Spindle
Spindle brake set too tight or too loose, spool not properly
located on spindle
Welding torch
Component
Type
Liners
Fault symptom
Welding torch overheats
Erratic wire feed, wire snarls up at outlet guide
Gas distributor
Nozzle
Contact tip
Inadequate gas flow, contaminated or porous weld
Inadequate gas cover, restricted joint accessibility
Erratic feeding, wire shudder, wire burnback,
unstable arc, spatter
Arcing between contact tip and nozzle and
between nozzle and workpiece
Nozzle insulator
Cause
Welding torch underrated for welding application
Liner of incorrect type and size for wire in use, worn or dirty
liner, liner too long or too short
Damaged or blocked distributor
Nozzle too large or too small, incorrect length or shape
Incorrect size of contact tip, incorrect contact tip to nozzle
distance for metal transfer mode, inferior contact tip material
No nozzle insulator fitted
Regulator / flowmeter
Component
Inlet stem
Gas hose and fitting
Fault symptom
No gas flow, gas leaks at regulator body or
cylinder valve
Leaks at connections or in the hose, porosity in
the weld
Cause
Blocked inlet stem, leaking inlet stem to body thread, bullnose
not properly seated in cylinder case
Poorly fitted ‘o’ clips, damaged hose, air drawn into gas stream
Fault symptom
No gas flow, porosity in the weld
No gas flow, change in welding conditions
Cause
Gas cylinder closed or empty, faulty cylinder valves
Bulk tank empty, incorrectly set mixing panel
Fault symptom
Erratic wire feeding or wire stoppages
Wire sticks in contact tip, erratic feeding
Weld has excessive amount of spatter
Cause
Damaged wire basket, loose spooling, random-wound wire
Varying wire diameter, copper flaking, surface damage
Wrong polarity has been selected
Shielding gas
Component
Cylinder, MCPs
Bulk
Welding wire
Component
Wire basket and spool
Wire
Wire
26
BOC Smootharc Advance MIG 200C/275C/275R/350R Operating manual
10.0 Replacement Parts
MIG 200C
MIG 275C
MIG 275R
MIG 350R
Suitability
Description
Part No.
Torch
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Binzel MB Ergo 24KD Air Cooled
012.0104
Binzel MB Ergo 36KD Air Cooled
014.0144
Binzel ABIMIG 355 Air Cooled
014.H180
Wire Feed Rollers
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Self-Shielded Flux Cored
Aluminium
Steel, Stainless Steel
Knurled 0.8-0.9
ADVANCE KN ROL 0809
Knurled 1.0-1.2
ADVANCE KN ROL 1012
Knurled 1.2-1.6
ADVANCE KN ROL 1216
U Groove 0.8-0.9
ADVANCE U ROL 0809
U Groove 1.0-1.2
ADVANCE U ROL 1012
U Groove 1.2-1.6
ADVANCE U ROL 1216
V Groove 0.6-0.8
ADVANCE V ROL 0608
V Groove 0.9-1.0
ADVANCE V ROL 0910
V Groove 1.0-1.2
ADVANCE V ROL 1012
BOC Smootharc Advance MIG 200C/275C/275R/350R Operating manual
11.0 Periodic Maintenance
The working environment or amount of use the machine receives should
be taken into consideration when planning maintenance frequency of
your Smootharc ADVANCE welder.
Preventative maintenance will ensure trouble-free welding and increase
the life of the machine and its consumables.
11.1 Power Source
• Check electrical connections of unit at least twice a year.
• Clean oxidised connections and tighten.
• Inner parts of machine should be cleaned
with a vacuum cleaner and soft brush.
• Do not use any pressure-washing devices.
• Do not use compressed air as pressure may pack dirt even more tightly
into components.
• Only authorised electricians should carry
out repairs and internal servicing.
27
28
BOC Smootharc Advance MIG 200C/275C/275R/350R Operating manual
12.0 Technical Specifications
Specifications
Part No.
Power Vol
Frequency
Output current
Output Voltage
Duty cycle
35 %
60 %
Power factor
Efficiency
Wire machine
Wire speed
Wire spool diameter
Wire diameter
Housing shielding grade
Insulation grade
Suitable thickness
Dimensions L x W x H
Weight approx.
Power source
Wire feeder
Standards
MIG 200C
MIG 275C
MIG 275R
MIG 350R
ADVANCE 200C
Single phase 240 V ±15 %
50/60 Hz
50 to 200 A
16.5 to 24 V
ADVANCE 275C
Single phase 240 V ±15 %
50/60 Hz
50 to 275 A
16.5 to 26.5 V
ADVANCE 275R
Single phase 240 V ±15 %
50/60 Hz
50 to 275 A
16.5 to 26.5 V
ADVANCE 350R
Three phase 400 V ±15 %
50/60 Hz
50 to 350 A
16.5 to 31.5 V
200
160
0.73
80 %
Compact
2.5 to 13 (m/min)
270 mm
0.8/1.0 mm
IP21
F
0.8 mm above
1075×418×795 mm
275
213
0.73
80 %
Compact
2.5 to 13 (m/min)
270 mm
0.8/1.2 mm
IP21
F
0.8 mm above
1075x418x795 mm
275
213
0.73
80 %
Remote
2.5 to 13 (m/min)
270 mm
0.8/1.2 mm
IP21
F
0.8 mm above
1075x418x795 mm
350
271
0.73
80 %
Remote
2.5 to 13 (m/min)
270 mm
0.8/1.6 mm
IP21
F
0.8 mm above
1075x418x795 mm
45 kg
—
IEC60974.1
45 kg
—
IEC60974.1
45 kg
10 kg
IEC60974.1
52 kg
10 kg
IEC60974.1
BOC Smootharc Advance MIG 200C/275C/275R/350R Operating manual
29
13.0 Warranty Information
13.1 Terms of Warranty
13.3 Warranty Period
The Smootharc ADVANCE machine has a limited warranty that covers
manufacturing and material defects only. The warranty is affected on the
day of purchase and does not cover any freight, packaging and insurance
costs. Verbal promises that do not comply with terms of warranty are not
binding on warrantor.
The warranty is valid for 3 years from date of purchase provided the
machine is used within the published specification limits.
13.2 Limitations on Warranty
The following conditions are not covered under terms of warranty: loss or
damage due to or resulting from natural wear and tear, non‑compliance
with operating and maintenance instructions, connection to incorrect
or faulty voltage supply (including voltage surges outside equipment
specs), incorrect gas pressure overloading, transport or storage damage
or fire or damage due to natural causes (e.g. lightning or flood). This
warranty does not cover direct or indirect expenses, loss, damage of
costs including, but not limited to, daily allowances or accommodation
and travelling costs.
NOTE
Under the terms of warranty, welding torches and their consumables,
feed, drive rollers and feeder guide tubes are not covered. Direct or
indirect damage due to a defective product is not covered under the
warranty. The warranty is void if changes are made to the product
without approval of the manufacturer, or if repairs are carried out using
non-approved spare parts. The warranty is void if a non-authorised agent
carries out repairs.
13.4 Warranty Repairs
Your service provider must be informed within the warranty period of
any warranty defect. The customer must provide proof of purchase and
serial number of the equipment when making a warranty claim. Warranty
repairs may only be carried out by approved BOC service providers.
Please contact your local BOC Gas & Gear for a directory of BOC approved
service providers in your area.
For more information contact the BOC Customer Service Centre.
BOC Australia
131 262
contact@boc.com
BOC Limited
10 Julius Avenue, North Ryde NSW 2113, Australia
www.boc.com.au
970–988 Great South Road, Penrose, Auckland, New Zealand
www.boc.co.nz
© BOC Limited 2010. BOC is a trading name of BOC Limited, a Member of The Linde Group. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.Details given in this document are
believed to be correct at the time of printing. Whilst proper care has been taken in the preparation, no liability for injury or damage resulting from its improper use can be accepted.
MP09-0025 . FDAUS . 0910
BOC New Zealand
0800 111 333
customer.servicenz@boc.com