CIGWELD 350i Specifications

350i
TRANSMIG
450i Multi process
550i
welding inverter
A-10625
Operating Manual
Revision: AE
Operating Features:
Issue Date: May 7, 2013
Manual No.: 0-5205
WE APPRECIATE YOUR BUSINESS!
Congratulations on your new Cigweld product. We are proud to
have you as our customer and will strive to provide you with the
best service and reliability in the industry. This product is backed
by our extensive warranty and world-wide service network. To
locate your nearest distributor or accredited service provider call
+1300 654 674, or visit us on the web at www.cigweld.com.au
This Operating Manual has been designed to instruct you on the
correct use and operation of your CIGWELD product. Your satisfaction
with this product and its safe operation is our ultimate concern.
Therefore please take the time to read the entire manual, especially
the Safety Precautions. They will help you to avoid potential hazards
that may exist when working with this product.
YOU ARE IN GOOD COMPANY!
The Brand of Choice for Contractors and Fabricators Worldwide.
CIGWELD is the Market Leading Brand of Arc Welding Products for
Victor Technologies. We are a mainline supplier to major welding
industry sectors in the Asia Pacific and emerging global markets
including; Manufacturing, Construction, Mining, Automotive,
Engineering, Rural and DIY.
We distinguish ourselves from our competition through marketleading, dependable products that have stood the test of time. We
pride ourselves on technical innovation, competitive prices, excellent
delivery, superior customer service and technical support, together
with excellence in sales and marketing expertise.
Above all, we are committed to develop technologically advanced
products to achieve a safer working environment for industry
operators.
!
WARNINGS
Read and understand this entire Manual and your employer’s safety practices before installing,
operating, or servicing the equipment.
While the information contained in this Manual represents the Manufacturer’s best judgement,
the Manufacturer assumes no liability for its use.
Welding Power Supply
Operating Manual Number 0-5205 for:
TRANSMIG 350i Plant
TRANSMIG 350i Power Source (packed)
Part Number W1005350
Part Number W1005352
TRANSMIG 450i Plant with 4RT wirefeeder
TRANSMIG 450i Pro Plant with VAF4 wirefeeder
TRANSMIG 450i Power Source (packed)
Part Number W1005450
Part Number W1005451
Part Number W1005452
TRANSMIG 550i Plant
TRANSMIG 550i Power Source (packed)
Part Number W1005550
Part Number W1005552
Published by:
CIGWELD Pty Ltd
71 Gower Street
Preston, Victoria, Australia, 3072
www.cigweld.com.au
Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013 by
CIGWELD
All rights reserved.
A Reproduction of this work, in whole or in part, without written permission of the
publisher is prohibited.
The publisher does not assume and hereby disclaims any liability to any party for any
loss or damage caused by any error or omission in this Manual, whether such error
results from negligence, accident, or any other cause.
Publication Date: November 21, 2011
Revision AE Date: May 7, 2013
Record the following information for Warranty purposes:
Where Purchased:
_____________________________________
Purchase Date:
_____________________________________
Equipment Serial #:
_____________________________________
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 1:
ARC WELDING SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS AND WARNINGS...................................... 1-1
1.01
1.02
1.03
Arc Welding Hazards........................................................................................ 1-1
Principal Safety Standards............................................................................... 1-5
Declaration of Conformity................................................................................ 1-6
SECTION 2:
INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................... 2-1
2.01
How To Use This Manual................................................................................. 2-1
2.02
Equipment Identification.................................................................................. 2-1
2.03
Receipt Of Equipment...................................................................................... 2-1
2.04
Symbol Chart................................................................................................... 2-2
2.05Description...................................................................................................... 2-3
2.06
User Responsibility.......................................................................................... 2-3
2.07
Transporting Methods...................................................................................... 2-3
2.08
Packaged Items............................................................................................... 2-4
2.09
Duty Cycle........................................................................................................ 2-5
2.10Specifications.................................................................................................. 2-6
2.11
Gouging Specifications (Transmig 550i only).................................................. 2-7
2.12
Optional Accessories....................................................................................... 2-8
SECTION 3:
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP......................................................... 3-1
3.01Environment.................................................................................................... 3-1
3.02Location........................................................................................................... 3-1
3.03Ventilation........................................................................................................ 3-1
3.04
Mains Supply Voltage Requirements............................................................... 3-1
3.05
Electromagnetic Compatibility......................................................................... 3-1
3.06
Transmig 350i, 450i, 550i Power Source Controls, Indicators and Features ... 3-3
3.07
Shielding Gas Regulator Operating Instructions............................................ 3-15
3.08
Setup for MIG (GMAW) Welding with Gas Shielded Mig Wire....................... 3-17
3.09
Setup for MIG (GMAW) Welding with Gasless Mig Wire............................... 3-20
3.10
Setup for TIG (GTAW) Welding With Gas Shielding....................................... 3-22
3.11
Setup for STICK (MMAW) Welding .............................................................. 3-23
3.12
Setup for GOUGING (Transmig 550i only)..................................................... 3-24
SECTION 4:
BASIC WELDING GUIDE ............................................................................. 4-1
4.01
4.02
4.03
4.04
4.05
4.06
MIG (GMAW/FCAW) Basic Welding Technique................................................ 4-1
MIG (GMAW/FCAW) Welding Troubleshooting................................................ 4-7
Stick (MMAW) Basic Welding Technique....................................................... 4-10
Stick (MMAW) Welding Troubleshooting....................................................... 4-21
TIG (GTAW) Basic Welding Technique........................................................... 4-23
TIG (GTAW) Welding Problems...................................................................... 4-25
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 5:
POWER SOURCE PROBLEMS AND ROUTINE SERVICE REQUIREMENTS..................... 5-1
5.01
5.02
5.03
5.04
Power Source / Wirefeeder Problems.............................................................. 5-1
Routine Service and Calibration Requirements................................................ 5-2
Cleaning the Welding Power Source................................................................ 5-4
Cleaning the Feed Rolls.................................................................................... 5-4
SECTION 6:
KEY SPARE PARTS.................................................................................... 6-1
6.01
Power Source.................................................................................................. 6-1
SECTION 7:
VOLT/AMPERE CURVES.............................................................................. 7-1
7.01
Volt/Amp Curves.............................................................................................. 7-1
SECTION 8: CIRCUIT DIAGRAM........................................................................... 8-1
8.01 Circuit Diagram...................................................................................................... 8-1
CIGWELD - LIMITED WARRANTY TERMS
TERMS OF WARRANTY – JULY 2011
WARRANTY SCHEDULE – JULY 2011
GLOBAL CUSTOMER SERVICE CONTACT INFORMATION
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
SECTION 1:
ARC WELDING SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS AND WARNINGS
!
WARNING
PROTECT YOURSELF AND OTHERS FROM POSSIBLE SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH. KEEP CHILDREN
AWAY. PACEMAKER WEARERS KEEP AWAY UNTIL CONSULTING YOUR DOCTOR. DO NOT LOSE THESE
INSTRUCTIONS. READ OPERATING/INSTRUCTION MANUAL BEFORE INSTALLING, OPERATING OR
SERVICING THIS EQUIPMENT.
Welding products and welding processes can cause serious injury or death, or damage to other equipment or
property, if the operator does not strictly observe all safety rules and take precautionary actions.
Safe practices have developed from past experience in the use of welding and cutting. These practices must be
learned through study and training before using this equipment. Some of these practices apply to equipment
connected to power lines; other practices apply to engine driven equipment. Anyone not having extensive
training in welding and cutting practices should not attempt to weld.
Safe practices are outlined in the Australian Standard AS1674.2-2007 entitled: Safety in welding and allied
processes Part 2: Electrical. This publication and other guides to what you should learn before operating
this equipment are listed at the end of these safety precautions. HAVE ALL INSTALLATION, OPERATION,
MAINTENANCE, AND REPAIR WORK PERFORMED ONLY BY QUALIFIED PEOPLE.
5. Properly install and ground this equipment according to its Owner’s Manual and national, state, and
local codes.
1.01 Arc Welding Hazards
6. Turn off all equipment when not in use. Disconnect
power to equipment if it will be left unattended or
out of service.
WARNING
7. Use fully insulated electrode holders. Never dip
holder in water to cool it or lay it down on the
ground or the work surface. Do not touch holders
connected to two welding machines at the same
time or touch other people with the holder or
electrode.
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
Touching live electrical parts can cause
fatal shocks or severe burns. The electrode
and work circuit is electrically live whenever the output is on. The input power circuit and machine internal circuits are also
live when power is on. In semiautomatic
or automatic wire welding, the wire, wire
reel, drive roll housing, and all metal parts
touching the welding wire are electrically
live. Incorrectly installed or improperly
grounded equipment is a hazard.
8. Do not use worn, damaged, undersized, or poorly
spliced cables.
9. Do not wrap cables around your body.
10.Ground the workpiece to a good electrical (earth)
ground.
11.Do not touch electrode while in contact with the
work (ground) circuit.
1. Do not touch live electrical parts.
2. Wear dry, hole-free insulating gloves and body
protection.
12.Use only well-maintained equipment. Repair or
replace damaged parts at once.
3. Insulate yourself from work and ground using dry
insulating mats or covers.
13.In confined spaces or damp locations, do not use a
welder with AC output unless it is equipped with a
voltage reducer. Use equipment with DC output.
4. Disconnect input power or stop engine before
installing or servicing this equipment. Lock input
power disconnect switch open, or remove line
fuses so power cannot be turned on accidentally.
Manual 0-5205 14.Wear a safety harness to prevent falling if working
above floor level.
15.Keep all panels and covers securely in place.
1-1
GENERAL INFORMATION
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
2. Wear approved safety glasses. Side shields recommended.
WARNING
ARC RAYS can burn eyes and skin; NOISE
can damage hearing.
Arc rays from the welding process produce
intense heat and strong ultraviolet rays
that can burn eyes and skin. Noise from
some processes can damage hearing.
1. Use a Welding Helmet or Welding Faceshield fitted
with a proper shade of filter (see ANSI Z49.1 and
AS 1674 listed in Safety Standards) to protect your
face and eyes when welding or watching.
3. Use protective screens or barriers to protect others
from flash and glare; warn others not to watch the
arc.
4. Wear protective clothing made from durable,
flame-resistant material (wool and leather) and
foot protection.
5. Use approved ear plugs or ear muffs if noise level
is high.
6. Never wear contact lenses while welding.
Recommended Protective Filters for Electric Welding
Description of Process
Manual Metal Arc Welding - covered
electrodes (MMAW)
Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW)
(MIG) other than Aluminium and
Stainless Steel
Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW)
(MIG) Aluminium and Stainless Steel
Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW)
(TIG)
Flux-cored Arc Welding (FCAW) -with
or without shielding gas.
Air - Arc Gouging
Plasma - Arc Cutting
Plasma - Arc Spraying
Plasma - Arc Welding
Submerged - Arc Welding
Resistance Welding
Approximate Range of
Welding Current in Amps
Less than or equal to 100
100 to 200
200 to 300
300 to 400
Greater than 400
Less than or equal to 150
150 to 250
250 to 300
300 to 400
Greater than 400
Less than or equal to 250
250 to 350
Less than or equal to 100
100 to 200
200 to 250
250 to 350
Greater than 350
Less than or equal to 300
300 to 400
400 to 500
Greater than 500
Minimum Shade Number of
Filter(s)
8
10
11
12
13
10
11
12
13
14
12
13
10
11
12
13
14
11
12
13
14
Less than or equal to 400
12
50 to 100
100 to 400
400 to 800
10
12
14
15
8
10
12
14
2(5)
Safety Spectacles or eye
shield
—
Less than or equal to 20
20 to 100
100 to 400
400 to 800
—
—
Refer to standard AS/NZS 1338.1:1992 for comprehensive information regarding the above table.
GENERAL INFORMATION
1-2
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
3. Remove all flammables within 35 ft (10.7 m) of the
welding arc. If this is not possible, tightly cover
them with approved covers.
WARNING
4. Be alert that welding sparks and hot materials from
welding can easily go through small cracks and
openings to adjacent areas.
FUMES AND GASES can be hazardous to
your health.
Welding produces fumes and gases.
Breathing these fumes and gases can be
hazardous to your health.
5. Watch for fire, and keep a fire extinguisher
nearby.
6. Be aware that welding on a ceiling, floor, bulkhead,
or partition can cause fire on the hidden side.
1. Keep your head out of the fumes. Do not breath
the fumes.
7. Do not weld on closed containers such as tanks
or drums.
2. If inside, ventilate the area and/or use exhaust at
the arc to remove welding fumes and gases.
8. Connect work cable to the work as close to the
welding area as practical to prevent welding current from travelling long, possibly unknown paths
and causing electric shock and fire hazards.
3. If ventilation is poor, use an approved air-supplied
respirator.
4. Read the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs)
and the manufacturer’s instruction for metals,
consumables, coatings, and cleaners.
9. Do not use welder to thaw frozen pipes.
10.Remove stick electrode from holder or cut off
welding wire at contact tip when not in use.
5. Work in a confined space only if it is well ventilated, or while wearing an air-supplied respirator.
Shielding gases used for welding can displace air
causing injury or death. Be sure the breathing air
is safe.
WARNING
6. Do not weld in locations near degreasing, cleaning,
or spraying operations. The heat and rays of the
arc can react with vapours to form highly toxic
and irritating gases.
FLYING SPARKS AND HOT METAL can
cause injury.
7. Do not weld on coated metals, such as galvanized,
lead, or cadmium plated steel, unless the coating
is removed from the weld area, the area is well
ventilated, and if necessary, while wearing an airsupplied respirator. The coatings and any metals
containing these elements can give off toxic fumes
if welded.
1. Wear approved face shield or safety goggles. Side
shields recommended.
Chipping and grinding cause flying metal.
As welds cool, they can throw off slag.
2. Wear proper body protection to protect skin.
WARNING
CYLINDERS can explode if damaged.
Shielding gas cylinders contain gas under
high pressure. If damaged, a cylinder can
explode. Since gas cylinders are normally
part of the welding process, be sure to
treat them carefully.
WARNING
WELDING can cause fire or explosion.
Sparks and spatter fly off from the welding
arc. The flying sparks and hot metal, weld
spatter, hot workpiece, and hot equipment
can cause fires and burns. Accidental contact of electrode or welding wire to metal
objects can cause sparks, overheating,
or fire.
1. Protect compressed gas cylinders from excessive
heat, mechanical shocks, and arcs.
2. Install and secure cylinders in an upright position
by chaining them to a stationary support or equipment cylinder rack to prevent falling or tipping.
1. Protect yourself and others from flying sparks and
hot metal.
3. Keep cylinders away from any welding or other
electrical circuits.
2. Do not weld where flying sparks can strike flammable material.
4. Never allow a welding electrode to touch any
cylinder.
Manual 0-5205 1-3
GENERAL INFORMATION
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
5. Use only correct shielding gas cylinders,
regulators, hoses, and fittings designed for the
specific application; maintain them and associated
parts in good condition.
6. Turn face away from valve outlet when opening
cylinder valve.
7. Keep protective cap in place over valve except
when cylinder is in use or connected for use.
8. Read and follow instructions on compressed
gas cylinders, associated equipment, and CGA
publication P-1 listed in Safety Standards.
WARNING
MOVING PARTS can cause injury.
a very large volume of scientific findings based on
experiments at the cellular level and from studies
with animals and people which clearly establish that
low frequency magnetic fields and interact with, and
produce changes in, biological systems. While most
of this work is of very high quality, the results are
complex. Current scientific understanding does not
yet allow us to interpret the evidence in a single coherent framework. Even more frustrating, it does not yet
allow us to draw definite conclusions about questions
of possible risk or to offer clear science-based advice
on strategies to minimize or avoid potential risks.”
To reduce magnetic fields in the workplace, use the
following procedures.
1. Keep cables close together by twisting or taping
them.
Moving parts, such as fans, rotors, and belts can cut
fingers and hands and catch loose clothing.
2. Arrange cables to one side and away from the
operator.
1. Keep all doors, panels, covers, and guards closed
and securely in place.
3. Do not coil or drape cable around the body.
2. Stop engine before installing or connecting unit.
4. Keep welding power source and cables as far away
from body as practical.
3. Have only qualified people remove guards or
covers for maintenance and troubleshooting as
necessary.
ABOUT PACEMAKERS:
The above procedures are among those
also normally recommended for pacemaker wearers. Consult your doctor for
complete information.
4. To prevent accidental starting during servicing,
disconnect negative (-) battery cable from battery.
5. Keep hands, hair, loose clothing, and tools away
from moving parts.
6. Reinstall panels or guards and close doors when
servicing is finished and before starting engine.
!
WARNING
This product, when used for welding or
cutting, produces fumes or gases which
contain chemicals know to the State of
California to cause birth defects and, in
some cases, cancer. (California Health &
Safety code Sec. 25249.5 et seq.)
NOTE
Considerations About Welding And The
Effects of Low Frequency Electric and
Magnetic Fields
The following is a quotation from the General Conclusions Section of the U.S. Congress, Office of
Technology Assessment, Biological Effects of Power
Frequency Electric & Magnetic Fields - Background
Paper, OTA-BP-E-63 (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, May 1989): “...there is now
GENERAL INFORMATION
1-4
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
1.02 Principal Safety Standards
Safety in Welding and Cutting, ANSI Standard Z49.1, from American Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Rd.,
Miami, FL 33126.
Safety and Health Standards, OSHA 29 CFR 1910, from Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government
Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.
Recommended Safe Practices for the Preparation for Welding and Cutting of Containers That Have Held
Hazardous Substances, American Welding Society Standard AWS F4.1, from American Welding Society, 550
N.W. LeJeune Rd., Miami, FL 33126.
National Electrical Code, NFPA Standard 70, from National Fire Protection Association, Batterymarch Park,
Quincy, MA 02269.
Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Cylinders, CGA Pamphlet P-1, from Compressed Gas Association,
1235 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 501, Arlington, VA 22202.
Code for Safety in Welding and Cutting, CSA Standard W117.2, from Canadian Standards Association, Standards Sales, 178 Rexdale Boulevard, Rexdale, Ontario, Canada M9W 1R3.
Safe Practices for Occupation and Educational Eye and Face Protection, ANSI Standard Z87.1, from American
National Standards Institute, 1430 Broadway, New York, NY 10018.
Cutting and Welding Processes, NFPA Standard 51B, from National Fire Protection Association, Batterymarch
Park, Quincy, MA 02269.
Safety in welding and allied processes Part 1: Fire Precautions, AS 1674.1-1997 from SAI Global Limited,
www.saiglobal.com.
Safety in welding and allied processes Part 2: Electrical, AS 1674.2-2007 from SAI Global Limited, www.
saiglobal.com.
Filters for eye protectors - Filters for protection against radiation generated in welding and allied operations
AS/NZS 1338.1:1992 from SAI Global Limited, www.saiglobal.com.
Manual 0-5205 1-5
GENERAL INFORMATION
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
1.03 Declaration of Conformity
Manufacturer and Merchandiser of Quality Consumables and Equipment :
CIGWELD
Address:71 Gower St, Preston
Victoria 3072
Australia
Description of equipment: Welding Equipment: TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i MULTI PROCESS INVERTER Power
Source and associated accessories.
* Serial numbers are unique with each individual piece of equipment and details description, parts used to
manufacture a unit and date of manufacture.
* The equipment conforms to all applicable aspects and regulations of the ‘Low Voltage Directive’ (Directive
73/23/EU, as recently changed in Directive 93/68/EU and to the National legislation for the enforcement of the
Directive.
National Standard and Technical Specifications
The product is designed and manufactured to a number of standards and technical requirements among them
are:
* AS 60974.10/IEC 60974-10 EMC Directive applicable to arc welding equipment - generic emissions and
regulations.
* AS 60974.1/IEC 60974-1 applicable to welding equipment and associated accessories.
* AS 1674 Safety in welding and allied processes
* Extensive product design verification is conducted at the manufacturing facility as part of the routine design and manufacturing process, to ensure the product is safe and performs as specified. Rigorous testing is
incorporated into the manufacturing process to ensure the manufactured product meets or exceeds all design
specifications.
CIGWELD has been manufacturing and merchandising an extensive equipment range with superior performance,
ultra safe operation and world class quality for more than 30 years and will continue to achieve excellence.
GENERAL INFORMATION
1-6
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
SECTION 2:
INTRODUCTION
2.01 How To Use This Manual
2.02 Equipment Identification
To ensure safe operation, read the entire manual,
including the chapter on safety instructions and
warnings.
The unit’s identification number (specification or
part number), model, and serial number usually appear on a nameplate attached to the control panel. In
some cases, the nameplate may be attached to the
rear panel. Equipment which does not have a control
panel such as gun and cable assemblies is identified
only by the specification or part number printed on
the shipping container. Record these numbers on the
bottom of page i for future reference.
Throughout this manual, the words WARNING,
CAUTION, and NOTE may appear. Pay particular attention to the information provided under these headings. These special annotations are easily recognized
as follows:
!
2.03 Receipt Of Equipment
WARNING
When you receive the equipment, check it against the
invoice to make sure it is complete and inspect the
equipment for possible damage due to shipping. If
there is any damage, notify the carrier immediately to
file a claim. Furnish complete information concerning
damage claims or shipping errors to the location in
your area listed in the inside back cover of this manual.
A WARNING gives information regarding
possible personal injury.
CAUTION
A CAUTION refers to possible equipment
damage.
Include all equipment identification numbers as
described above along with a full description of the
parts in error.
NOTE
A NOTE offers helpful information concerning certain operating procedures.
Move the equipment to the installation site before
un-crating the unit. Use care to avoid damaging the
equipment when using bars, hammers, etc., to uncrate the unit.
Additional copies of this manual may be purchased by
contacting Cigweld at the address and phone number
for your location listed in the inside back cover of this
manual. Include the Owner’s Manual number and
equipment identification numbers.
Manual 0-5205
2-1
INTRODUCTION
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
2.04 Symbol Chart
Note that only some of these symbols will appear on your model.
On
Single Phase
Wire Feed Function
Off
Three Phase
Wire Feed Towards
Workpiece With
Output Voltage Off.
Dangerous Voltage
Three Phase Static
Frequency ConverterTransformer-Rectifier
Welding Gun
Increase/Decrease
Remote
Purging Of Gas
Duty Cycle
Continuous Weld
Mode
Percentage
Spot Weld Mode
Circuit Breaker
AC Auxiliary Power
INTRODUCTION
Spot Time
Fuse
Panel/Local
Amperage
Shielded Metal
Arc Welding (SMAW)
Voltage
Gas Metal Arc
Welding (GMAW)
Hertz (cycles/sec)
Gas Tungsten Arc
Welding (GTAW)
Frequency
Air Carbon Arc
Cutting (CAC-A)
Negative
Constant Current
Positive
Constant Voltage
Or Constant Potential
Direct Current (DC)
High Temperature
Protective Earth
(Ground)
Fault Indication
Line
Arc Force
IPM
Inches Per Minute
Line Connection
Touch Start (GTAW)
MPM
Meters Per Minute
Auxiliary Power
Variable Inductance
Receptacle RatingAuxiliary Power
V
t
Preflow Time
t1
t2
Postflow Time
2 Step Trigger
Operation
Press to initiate wirefeed and
welding, release to stop.
4 Step Trigger
Operation
Press and hold for preflow, release
to start arc. Press to stop arc, and
hold for preflow.
t
Burnback Time
Disturbance In
Ground System
Art # A-04937
115V 15A
X
%
Voltage Input
2-2
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
2.05Description
2.07 Transporting Methods
The Cigweld Transmig 350i, 450i and 550i are three
phase multi process welding inverters that are capable
of performing GMAW/FCAW (MIG), MMAW (Stick)
and GTAW (Lift TIG) welding processes. The unit is
equipped with an integrated voltage reduction device
(VRD applicable in stick mode only), digital voltage
and amperage meters, and a host of other features
in order to fully satisfy the broad operating needs of
the modern welding professional. The unit is also
fully compliant to Australian Standard AS 60974.1
and IEC 60974.1.
This unit is equipped with a handle for carrying
purposes.
WARNING
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill. DO NOT TOUCH
live electrical parts. Disconnect input
power conductors from de-energized
supply line before moving the welding
power source.
!
The Transmig 350i, 450i and 550i provide excellent
welding performance across a broad range of applications when used with the correct welding consumables and procedures. The following instructions
detail how to correctly and safely set up the machine
and give guidelines on gaining the best efficiency and
quality from the Power Source. Please read these
instructions thoroughly before using the unit.
WARNING
FALLING EQUIPMENT can cause serious
personal injury and equipment damage.
Lift unit with handle or lifting lug on top of case.
Use handcart or similar device of adequate capacity.
If using a fork lift vehicle, place and secure unit on a
proper skid before transporting.
2.06 User Responsibility
This equipment will perform as per the information
contained herein when installed, operated, maintained
and repaired in accordance with the instructions provided. This equipment must be checked periodically.
Defective equipment (including welding leads) should
not be used. Parts that are broken, missing, plainly
worn, distorted or contaminated, should be replaced
immediately. Should such repairs or replacements
become necessary, it is recommended that such repairs be carried out by appropriately qualified persons
approved by CIGWELD. Advice in this regard can
be obtained by contacting an Accredited CIGWELD
Distributor.
This equipment or any of its parts should not be altered from standard specification without prior written
approval of CIGWELD. The user of this equipment
shall have the sole responsibility for any malfunction
which results from improper use or unauthorized
modification from standard specification, faulty
maintenance, damage or improper repair by anyone
other than appropriately qualified persons approved
by CIGWELD.
Manual 0-5205
2-3
INTRODUCTION
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
2.08 Packaged Items
Transmig 550i Plant (Part No. W1005550)
• Transmig 550i Inverter Power Source
Transmig 350i Plant (Part No. W1005350)
• Transmig VA4000 wirefeeder with 15m interconnection lead
• Transmig 350i Inverter Power Source
• Transmig 4RT wirefeeder with 8m interconnection lead fitted
• Tweco Professional Supra XT Mig Torch
• Comet Professional Argon regulator/flowmeter
• Tweco Professional No.4 Mig Torch
• Feed roll: 1.3/1.6mm V groove (fitted)
• Comet Professional Argon regulator/flowmeter
• Electrode holder with 8m lead
• Feed roll: 0.9/1.2mm V groove (fitted)
• Work clamp with 8m lead
• Electrode holder with 5m lead
•Trolley
• Work clamp with 5m lead
• Operating Manual
•Trolley
• Operating Manual
Transmig 550i Power Source (Part No. W1005552)
• Transmig 550i inverter Power Source
Transmig 350i Power Source (Part No. W1005352)
• Operating Manual
• Transmig 350i inverter Power Source
• Operating Manual
Transmig 450i Plant (Part No. W1005450)
• Transmig 450i Inverter Power Source
• Transmig 4RT wirefeeder with 8m interconnection lead fitted
• Tweco Professional Supra XT Mig Torch
• Comet Professional Argon regulator/flowmeter
• Feed roll: 0.9/1.2mm V groove (fitted)
• Electrode holder with 8m lead
• Work clamp with 8m lead
•Trolley
• Operating Manual
Transmig 450i Pro Plant (Part No. W1005451)
• Transmig 450i Inverter Power Source
• Transmig VAF-4 wirefeeder with 8m interconnection lead fitted
• Tweco Professional Supra XT Mig Torch
• Comet Professional Argon regulator/flowmeter
• Feed roll: 0.9/1.2mm V groove (fitted)
• Electrode holder with 8m lead
• Work clamp with 8m lead
•Trolley
• Operating Manual
Transmig 450i Power Source (Part No. W1005452)
• Transmig 450i inverter Power Source
• Operating Manual
INTRODUCTION
2-4
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
2.09 Duty Cycle
The rated duty cycle of a Welding Power Source, is a statement of the time it may be operated at its rated
welding current output without exceeding the temperature limits of the insulation of the component parts. To
explain the 10 minute duty cycle period the following example is used. Suppose a Welding Power Source is
designed to operate at a 60% duty cycle, 550 amperes at 41.5 volts. This means that it has been designed
and built to provide the rated amperage (550A) for 6 minutes, i.e. arc welding time, out of every 10 minute
period (60% of 10 minutes is 6minutes). During the other 4minutes of the 10 minute period the Welding
Power Source must idle and allowed to cool. The thermal cut out will operate if the duty cycle is exceeded.
Duty Cycle (PERCENTAGE)
100
90
80
70
60
TRANSMIG
350i
50
TRANSMIG
450i
TRANSMIG
550i
40
SAFE OPERATING REGION
(MIG, STICK & TIG )
30
20
10
0
0
25
50
75
100 125 150 175 200 225 250 275 300 325 350 375 400 425 450 475 500 525 550
Welding Current (AMPS)
A-10626
Figure 2-1: Transmig 350i, 450i, 550i Duty Cycle
Manual 0-5205
2-5
INTRODUCTION
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
2.10Specifications
Description
TRANSMIG 350i
Plant Part Number
W1005350
Power Source (Packed)Part Number
W1005352
TRANSMIG 450i
W1005450
W1005451
W1005452
72 kg
72 kg
Power Source Mass
Power Source Dimensions
TRANSMIG 550i
72 kg
W1005550
W1005552
H 580mm x W 350mm x D 640mm
Cooling
Welder Type
Fan Cooled
Multi Process Inverter Power Source
Applicable Standards
AS 60974.1-2006 / IEC 60974-1
Number of Phases
3
Nominal Supply Voltage
Nominal Supply Frequency
415V +/- 15%
50/60Hz
Welding Current Range
(MIG Mode)
40 – 350A
40 – 450A
40 – 550A
Effective Input Current (I 1eff)
(note1)
18A
25A
32A
Maximum Input Current (I1max)
25A
35A
47A
18kVA
25kVA
35kVA
Three Phase Generator Requirement
(note 3)
MIG (GMAW)
Welding Output, 40ºC, 10 min.
350A @ 60%, 31.5V 450A @ 60%, 36.5V 550A @ 60%, 41.5V
270A @ 100%, 27.5V 350A @ 100%, 31.5V 420A @ 100%, 35.0V
STICK (MMAW)
Welding Output, 40ºC, 10 min.
350A @ 60%, 34.0V 450A @ 60%, 38.0V 550A @ 60%, 42.0V
270A @ 100%, 30.8V 350A @ 100%, 34.0V 420A @ 100%, 36.8V
TIG (GTAW)
Welding Output, 40ºC, 10 min.
350A @ 60%, 24.0V 450A @ 60%, 28.0V 550A @ 60%, 32.0V
270A @ 100%, 20.8V 350A @ 100%, 24.0V 420A @ 100%, 26.8V
Not Available
Not Available
6.5mm Carbon
400A@63%
8.0mm Carbon
450A@54%
9.5mm Carbon
550A@35%
84V
84V
84V
Gouging (CAG)
Welding Output, 40ºC, 3 min.
Note: Gouging is specified over a 3
minute duty cycle period only.
Open circuit voltage (VRD inactive)
Protection Class
IP23S
IP23S
Table 2-1: Power Source Specification
IP23S
Note 1: The Effective Input Current should be used for the determination of cable size & supply requirements.
Note 2: Motor start fuses or thermal circuit breakers are recommended for this application. Check local requirements for your situation in this regard.
Note 3: Generator Requirements at the Maximum Output Duty Cycle.
INTRODUCTION
2-6
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
NOTE
Due to variations that can occur in manufactured products, claimed performance, voltages, ratings,
all capacities, measurements, dimensions and weights quoted are approximate only. Achievable
capacities and ratings in use and operation will depend upon correct installation, use, applications,
maintenance and service. In the interest of continuous improvement, CIGWELD Pty, Ltd reserves
the right to change the specifications or design of any of its products without prior notice.
2.11 Gouging Specifications (Transmig 550i only)
Gouging is a process where a copper coated carbon electrode is used to rapidly remove material from the
workpiece.
The arc voltage is much higher during Gouging, than in Stick, or Mig welding. This means, that for the same
output current, we have much higher arc volts during Gouging, and therefore much higher output power. It
is because of this extra output power, that we need to rate the power source differently for gouging, than we
do for welding.
Also as we are drawing a much higher output power from the power source during Gouging, in order to keep
the power source's internal temperatures within acceptable limits, the Duty Cycle for Gouging is specified
over a 3 minute duty cycle period, instead of the normal 10 minute duty cycle period specified for the welding processes.
Refer to Section 3.12 for how to set up for gouging.
Carbon electrodes have a range of specified operating current. Here are the normal sizes that would be in use
with a power source of this size, and the power source capability when used with these carbon electrode sizes
Electrode Size
6.5mm
8.0mm
9.5mm
Amps
300A
400A
350A
450A
450A
550A
Duty Cycle
90%
63%
70%
54%
50%
35%
Table 2-2: Electrode Size
Figure 2-2: Gouging Current (AMPS)
Manual 0-5205
2-7
A-11481
INTRODUCTION
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
As an example, if we were Gouging with an 8mm electrode at 400A, we can see from the graph that we
can expect 400A at 57% duty cycle. For a 3 minute duty cycle period, this means our arc time is 57% of 3
minutes, which is 1 minute & 40 seconds, during the other 1 minute & 20 seconds the machine must be
allowed to cool.
NOTE
Gouging is specified for a 3 minute duty cycle period only.
2.12 Optional Accessories
Part Number
717201
717335
SE4004M16
717211
717212
W4015500
W4015600
W4014602
706954
706965
WSPLIER
646265
W7005358
7977877
INTRODUCTION
Description
TWECO #4 Mig Torch, 3.6 metre Tweco connection
TWECO #4 Mig Torch, 4.5 metre Tweco connection
TWECO Supra XT Mig Torch (4.0M) Tweco connection
TWECO #5 torch, 3.6 metre Tweco connection
TWECO #5 torch, 4.5 metre Tweco connection
Heavy Duty Transmig Trolley with inbuilt cylinder carrier
Heavy Duty Transmig Roll Cage
Tig Torch 26V, Flex neck, 4m lead, gas valve, 3m gas hose, 10 pin
connector and accessory kit.
TRANSMIG VA4000 wirefeeder, 19 pin, 110VAC
TRANSMIG VAF-4 wirefeeder, 19 pin, 110VAC
MIG Pliers
Weld measurement gauge
10 Pin Control Plug
19 Pin Control Plug
Table 2-3: Optional Accessories
2-8
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
SECTION 3:
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
conditions. For further information please refer
to AS 60529.
3.01Environment
These units are designed for use in environments
with increased hazard of electric shock as outlined in
H. Precautions must be taken against the power
source toppling over. The power source must
be located on a suitable horizontal surface in the
upright position when in use.
AS 60974.1 and AS 1674.2.
A. Examples of environments with increased hazard
of electric shock are:
3.03Ventilation
1. In locations in which freedom of movement
is restricted, so that the operator is forced
to perform the work in a cramped (kneeling,
sitting or lying) position with physical contact
with conductive parts;
Since the inhalation of welding fumes can be harmful,
ensure that the welding area is effectively ventilated.
3.04 Mains Supply Voltage
Requirements
2. In locations which are fully or partially limited
by conductive elements, and in which there
is a high risk of unavoidable or accidental
contact by the operator, or
The Mains supply voltage should be within ± 15%
of the rated mains supply voltage. Too low a voltage
may cause poor welding performance. Too high a
supply voltage will cause components to overheat
and possibly fail.
3. In wet or damp hot locations where humidity
or perspiration considerable reduces the skin
resistance of the human body and the insulation properties of accessories
The Welding Power Source must be:
• Correctly installed, if necessary, by a qualified
electrician.
B. Environments with increased hazard of electric
shock do not include places where electrically
conductive parts in the near vicinity of the operator, which can cause increased hazard, have been
insulated.
• Correctly earthed (electrically) in accordance
with local regulations.
• Connected to the correct size power point and
fuse as per the Specifications on page 2-5.
3.02Location
!
Be sure to locate the welder according to the following guidelines:
Any electrical work must be carried out by
a qualified Electrical Tradesperson.
A. In areas, free from moisture and dust.
B. Ambient temperature between 0° C to 40° C.
3.05 Electromagnetic Compatibility
C. In areas, free from oil, steam and corrosive gases.
D. In areas, not subjected to abnormal vibration or
shock.
!
E. In areas, not exposed to direct sunlight or rain.
WARNING
Extra precautions for Electromagnetic
Compatibility may be required when this
Welding Power Source is used in a domestic situation.
F. Place at a distance of 300mm or more from walls
or similar that could restrict natural air flow for
cooling.
G. The enclosure design of this power source meets
the requirements of IP23S as outlined in AS60529.
This provides adequate protection against solid
objects (greater than 12mm), and direct protection from vertical drops. Under no circumstances
should the unit be operated or connected in a
micro environment that will exceed the stated
Manual 0-5205
WARNING
A. Installation and Use - Users Responsibility
3-1
The user is responsible for installing and using the
welding equipment according to the manufacturer’s instructions. If electromagnetic disturbances
are detected then it shall be the responsibility
of the user of the welding equipment to resolve
the situation with the technical assistance of the
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
C. Methods of Reducing Electromagnetic Emissions
manufacturer. In some cases this remedial action
may be as simple as earthing the welding circuit,
see NOTE below. In other cases it could involve
constructing an electromagnetic screen enclosing
the Welding Power Source and the work, complete
with associated input filters. In all cases, electromagnetic disturbances shall be reduced to the
point where they are no longer troublesome.
1. Mains Supply
NOTE
The welding circuit may or may nor be
earthed for safety reasons. Changing the
earthing arrangements should only be authorised by a person who is competent to
assess whether the changes will increase
the risk of injury, e.g. by allowing parallel
welding current return paths which may
damage the earth circuits of other equipment. Further guidance is given in IEC
60974-13 Arc Welding Equipment - Installation and use (under preparation).
2. Maintenance of Welding Equipment
B. Assessment of Area
Before installing welding equipment, the user shall
make an assessment of potential electromagnetic
problems in the surrounding area. The following
shall be taken into account
1. Other supply cables, control cables, signalling and telephone cables; above, below and
adjacent to the welding equipment.
2. Radio and television transmitters and receivers.
4. Safety critical equipment, e.g. guarding of
industrial equipment.
The welding cables should be kept as short
as possible and should be positioned close
together, running at or close to the floor level.
4. Equipotential Bonding
5. The health of people around, e.g. the use of
pacemakers and hearing aids.
Bonding of all metallic components in the
welding installation and adjacent to it should
be considered. However. Metallic components
bonded to the work piece will increase the
risk that the operator could receive a shock
by touching the metallic components and
the electrode at the same time. The operator
should be insulated from all such bonded
metallic components.
6. Equipment used for calibration and measurement.
7. The time of day that welding or other activities
are to be carried out.
8. The immunity of other equipment in the environment: the user shall ensure that other
equipment being used in the environment
is compatible: this may require additional
protection measures.
5. Earthing of the Workpiece
The size of the surrounding area to be considered
will depend on the structure of the building and
other activities that are taking place. The surrounding area may extend beyond the boundaries of the
premises.
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
The welding equipment should be routinely
maintained according to the manufacturer’s
recommendations. All access and service
doors and covers should be closed and
properly fastened when the welding equipment is in operation. The welding equipment
should not be modified in any way except for
those changes and adjustments covered in
the manufacturer’s instructions. In particular,
the spark gaps of arc striking and stabilising
devices should be adjusted and maintained
according to the manufacturer’s recommendations.
3. Welding Cables
3. Computer and other control equipment.
Welding equipment should be connected to the
mains supply according to the manufacturer’s
recommendations. If interference occurs, it
may be necessary to take additional precautions such as filtering of the mains supply.
Consideration should be given to shielding the
supply cable of permanently installed welding
equipment in metallic conduit or equivalent.
Shielding should be electrically continuous
throughout it’s length. The shielding should
be connected to the Welding Power Source
so that good electrical contact is maintained
between the conduit and the Welding Power
Source enclosure.
3-2
Where the workpiece is not bonded to earth
for electrical safety, nor connected to earth because of it’s size and position, e.g. ship’s hull
or building steelwork, a connection bonding
the workpiece to earth may reduce emissions
in some, but not all instances. Care should be
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
taken to prevent the earthing of the workpiece increasing the risk of injury to users, or damage to other
electrical equipment. Where necessary, the connection of the workpiece to earth should be made by
direct connection to the workpiece, but in some countries where direct connection is not permitted,
the bonding should be achieved by suitable capacitance, selected according to national regulations.
6. Screening and Shielding
Selective screening and shielding of other cables and equipment in the surrounding area may alleviate problems of interference. Screening the entire welding installation may be considered for special
applications.
3.06 Transmig 350i, 450i, 550i Power Source Controls, Indicators and Features
6
8
9
7
1
2
3
4
5
A-10627
14
13
12
A-10628
11
Manual 0-5205
10
3-3
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
22
18
19
20
21
17
A-10629
Figure 3-1: Front Panel and Controls
1. Amperage Control (Wirespeed)
The amperage control knob adjusts the amount of welding current delivered by the power source.
In MMAW (stick) and GTAW (Lift TIG) modes, the amperage control knob directly adjusts the power inverter
to deliver the desired level of output current.
In 10 PIN GMAW/FCAW modes (MIG), the amperage knob adjusts the speed of the 10 pin remote traveller
wire feed motor (which in turn adjusts the output current by varying the amount of MIG wire delivered to
the welding arc). The optimum wire speed required will be dependent on the welding application.
In 19PIN GMAW/FCAW modes (MIG), the amperage knob is inactive as the wirefeeder speed is adjusted
using the control located on the wirefeeder only.
NOTE
The preview functionality provided on this power source is intended to act as a guide only. Some
difference may be observed between preview values and actual welding values due to factors including the mode of welding, differences in consumables/gas mixtures, individual welding techniques
and the transfer mode of the welding arc (ie dip versus spray transfer). Where exact settings are
required (in the case of procedural work), it is recommended that alternate measurement methods
be utilized to ensure output values are accurate.
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
3-4
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
2. Voltage Control
The voltage control knob adjusts the amount of welding voltage delivered by the power source.
In MMAW (stick) and GTAW (Lift TIG) modes, the voltage control knob is inactive.
In 10 PIN and 19 PIN GMAW/FCAW modes (MIG), the voltage knob directly adjusts the power inverter to
deliver the desired level of output voltage.
NOTE
The preview functionality provided on this power source is intended to act as a guide only. Some
difference may be observed between preview values and actual welding values due to factors including the mode of welding, differences in consumables/gas mixtures, individual welding techniques
and the transfer mode of the welding arc (ie dip versus spray transfer). Where exact settings are
required (in the case of procedural work), it is recommended that alternate measurement methods
be utilized to ensure output values are accurate.
3. Multifunction Control
The multifunction control knob is used to adjust three main parameters depending on the welding mode
selected.
When GMAW/FCAW (MIG) Mode is Selected
In this mode the control knob is used to adjust the adjust the intensity of the welding arc.
Lower arc control settings make the arc softer with less weld spatter. Higher arc control settings give a
stronger driving arc which can increase weld penetration.
When MMAW (Stick) Mode is Selected
In this mode the multifunction control knob is used to adjust arc force. Arc force control provides an
adjustable amount of welding force (or “dig”) control. This feature can be particularly beneficial in providing the operator the ability to compensate for variability in joint fit-up in certain situations with particular
electrodes. In general increasing the arc force control toward ‘10’ (maximum arc force) allows greater
penetration control to be achieved. Arc force is increased by turning the control knob clockwise or decreased by turning the knob anti-clockwise.
When GTAW (Lift Tig) Mode is Selected
In this mode the multifunction control knob is used to adjust down slope. Down slope allows the user
to select the ramp down time at the completion of the weld. The main function of down slope is to allow
the welding current to be gradually reduced over a pre-set time frame such that the welding pool is given
time to cool sufficiently.
Note that when in 2T normal mode (refer item 14), the unit will enter down slope mode as soon as the
trigger switch is released (ie if the multifunction control knob is set to 5, the unit will ramp down from
the present welding current to zero over 5 seconds). If no down slope time is selected then the welding
output will cease immediately. If the unit is set to 4T latch mode, to enter down slope mode the trigger
must be held in for the selected time period (ie press and release trigger to commence welding, then press
and hold trigger again to enter down slope mode). Should the trigger be released during the down slope
phase (4T only), the output will cease immediately.
4. Purge Button
This button will purge the shielding gas when pressed.
The PURGE button is active in 10 PIN GMAW/FCAW (Mig) mode only.
Press and hold the PURGE button to purge the gas line in the Wirefeeder (Active in 10 Pin mode only).
Manual 0-5205
3-5
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
5. Inch Button
The INCH button is active in 10 PIN GMAW/FCAW mode (MIG) only.
Press and hold the INCH button to inch the wire in the Wirefeeder (Active in 10 Pin mode only).
6. Local / Remote Button
The REMOTE button is used to select REMOTE or LOCAL mode of operation.
The REMOTE button is used only when a remote control device (such as a TIG torch with remote current
control, or a Wirefeeder) is fitted to the unit via the remote control socket (items 5 & 6). When the REMOTE
button is in the remote position, the unit will detect a remote device and work accordingly
When in the local mode, the unit will not detect the remote device and will operate from the power source
controls only. Note that the trigger will operate at all times on the remote control socket irrespective of
the position of the local remote switch (ie in both local and remote modes).
Should a remote device be connected and the remote/local switch set to remote, the maximum setting
of the power source will be determined by the respective front panel control, irrespective of the remote
control device setting. As an example, if the output current on the power source front panel is set to 50%
and the remote control device is set to 100%, the maximum achievable output from the unit will be 50%.
Should 100% output be required, the respective front panel control must be set to 100%, in which case
the remote device will then be able to control between 0-100% output.
7. 10 PIN / 19 PIN Remote Button
The REMOTE button is used to select 10 PIN, 19 PIN, mode of operation when the REMOTE button ( item
13) is in REMOTE mode.
When in 10 PIN Remote mode, the 10 PIN control socket is active and remote voltage or current / wirespeed controls will be active.
The 10 PIN Remote mode is only available in GMAW/FCAW (Mig) and GTAW (Lift Tig) modes only.
When in 19 PIN Remote mode, the 19 PIN control socket is active and remote voltage controls will be active.
The 19 PIN Remote mode is only available in GMAW/FCAW (Mig) mode only.
NOTE
When operating a 10 pin Wirefeeder in remote mode, the maximum output is determined by the
settings of the power source (in local mode). This is done such that the maximum output available
at the wirefeeder can be restricted to a preset level. This preset level must be selected whilst the
machine is in local mode.
As an example, should 0-100% output control be required at the wirefeeder, the power source should
be set to local mode, and both the amps (wirespeed) and volts controls set to 100% (maximum). the
wirefeeder will then be able to control between 0-100% of output [both amps(wire speed) and volts].
Should 50% output be required at the wirefeeder controls, the power source should be set to local
mode, and both the amps (wirespeed) and volts set to 50% (mid point). The wirefeeder will then
be able to control between 0-50% of output [both amps(wirespeed and volts)]
NOTE
When a 19 pin wirefeeder in used, 100% output for both amps (wirespeed) and volts is available
at the wirefeeder at all times regardless of the amps (wirespeed) and volts control settings at the
power source (The power source display will show a series of dashes when in 19 pin remote mode).
The wirefeeder can adjust both amps (wirespeed) and volts between 0-100%.
NOTE
Welding Setup Program Storage (10 programs) applies to Mig 10 pin only, Stick and Lift Tig modes.
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
3-6
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
8. Process Selection Button
The process selection control is used to select the desired welding mode. Three modes are available,
GMAW/FCAW (MIG), GTAW (Lift TIG) and MMAW (Stick) and Gouging (Transmig 550i only) modes. Refer
to section 3.15 or 3.16 for FCAW/GMAW (MIG) set up details, section 3.17 for GTAW (Lift TIG) set-up
details or section 3.18 for MMAW (stick) set-up details.
Note that when the unit is powered off the mode selection control will automatically default to MIG mode.
This is necessary so as to prevent inadvertent arcing should an electrode holder be connected to the unit
and mistakenly be in contact with the work piece during power up.
9. Trigger Mode Control Button (MIG and LIFT TIG Mode only) (Only applicable to 10 pin mode)
Note that this feature on the power source only applies to devices connected to the 10 pin control socket.
In the case of wirefeeders connected to the 19 pin socket the function is controlled from that independant
wirefeeder only.
The trigger mode control is used to switch the functionality of the of the torch trigger between 2T (normal),
4T (latch mode) and SPOT (spot mode)
2T Normal Mode
In this mode, the torch trigger must remain depressed for the welding output to be active. Press and hold
the torch trigger to activate the power source (weld). Release the torch trigger switch to cease welding.
4T Latch Mode
This mode of welding is mainly used for long welding runs to reduce operator fatigue. In this mode the
operator can press and release the torch trigger and the output will remain active. To deactivate the power
source, the trigger switch must again be depressed and realised, thus eliminating the need for the operator
to hold the torch trigger.
Note that when operating in GTAW (LIFT TIG mode), the power source will remain activated until the
selected down slope time has elapsed (refer Item 10).
SPOT Mode
This mode of welding is similar to 2T mode, except the welding output will be active only for a preset
amount of time. This mainly used for tacking at the start of a job setup. Press and hold the torch trigger
to activate the power source (weld). After the SPOT time has elapsed and welding output has ceased,
release the torch trigger switch.
10.VRD ON/OFF Indicator Lights
A VRD (voltage reduction device) is a hazard reducing device designed to reduce electric shock hazards
present on the output of welding power source when operating in MMAW (stick) mode. Note that
the presence of VRD should not be used as a substitute for the use of appropriate safety practices as
indicated in section one of this manual.
Both the green and red indicator lights only operate in MMAW (stick) mode.
The green VRD ON light illuminates (red light is off) when the VRD is active. Under this condition the
open circuit voltage of the unit is limited to below 35V DC, thus reducing the potential of serious electric
shock (such as when changing electrodes).
The red VRD OFF light illuminates (green light is off) when the VRD is inactive. Under this condition the
output voltage of the unit will be at welding potential which in some cases may exceed 35V DC.
The VRD incorporated within the TRANSMIG 350i, 450i and 550i is fully standards compliant to AS
60974.1 / IEC 60974-1.
Manual 0-5205
3-7
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
11.Thermal Overload Indicator Light (Fault)
This welding power source is protected by a self resetting thermostat. The indicator will illuminate if the
duty cycle of the power source has been exceeded. Should the thermal overload indicator illuminate the
output of the power source will be disabled. Once the power source cools down this light will go OFF and
the over temperature condition will automatically reset. Note that the mains power switch should remain
in the on position such that the fan continues to operate thus allowing the unit to cool sufficiently. Do not
switch the unit off should a thermal overload condition be present.
12.Program Storage Buttons and Display
This welding power source is able to store 10 machine setups in memory for MIG (10 pin only), Stick and
Lift Tig modes. This memory is retained even if mains supply power is turned off. Button status, Amps,
Volts, and Wirespeed are stored in memory for quick change between commonly used welding setups.
The memory will store machine setups in all three operating modes, GMAW/FCAW (MIG) (10 Pin only),
GTAW (Lift TIG) and MMAW (Stick).
To STORE a program.
Press the number button. The display will change to indicate
which program number location is being used.
Press and Hold the SAVE button. The number on the display
will flash for 3 seconds.
During this time the current machine setup will be saved in the
A-10630
numbered program location as selected.
To LOAD a program.
Press the NUMBER button. The display will change to indicate which program is being used.
Press the LOAD button. The PROGRAM light will illuminate.
During this time the machine setup will be loaded into the numbered program location and locked in. To
unlock this press the load button again and the program light will go off.
At any time after a SAVE or LOAD has been performed, manual adjustment of Volts, Amps, Wirespeed or
any button press will return the unit to manual operating mode.
13.Digital Ammeter / Wirefeed Speed / Spot time meter
The digital amperage meter is used to display both the pre-set current (Stick and TIG modes only) and actual
output current (all modes) of the power source. It is also used to display Wirefeed speed and SPOT time.
At times of non-welding, the amperage meter will display a pre-set
(preview) value in both MMAW (Stick) and GTAW (LIFT TIG) modes.
This value can be adjusted by varying the amperage control (item 8)
and the AMPS light will illuminate to indicate AMPS are being displayed.
In 10 PIN GMAW/FCAW (MIG) mode, the amperage meter will preview
55 0
IPM
MPM AMPS SEC
A-10631_AB
wirefeed speed. The IPM (inches per minute) or MPM (metres per minute)
light will illuminate to indicate which wirespeed scale is being used.
In 19 PIN GMAW/FCAW (MIG) mode, the amperage meter will read zero.
When welding, the amperage meter will display actual welding current in all modes.
At the completion of welding, the amperage meter will hold the last recorded amperage value for a period
of approximately 10 seconds in all modes. The amperage meter will hold the value until; (1) any of the
front panel controls are adjusted in which case the unit will revert to preview mode, (2) welding is recommenced, in which case actual welding amperage will be displayed, or (3) a period of 10 seconds elapses
following the completion of welding in which case the unit will return to preview mode.
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
3-8
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
NOTE
The preview functionality provided on this power source is intended to act as a guide only. Some
difference may be observed between preview values and actual welding values due to factors including the mode of welding, differences in consumables/gas mixtures, individual welding techniques
and the transfer mode of the welding arc (ie dip versus spray transfer). Where exact settings are
required (in the case of procedural work), it is recommended that alternate measurement methods
be utilized to ensure output values are accurate.
14.Digital Voltmeter / Inductance meter (MIG) / Downslope (TIG) / Arc Force (Stick)
The digital volt meter is used to display both the pre-set voltage (MIG mode only) and actual output voltage (all modes) of the power source. It is also used to display inductance and down slope time.
At times of non-welding, the VOLT meter will display a pre-set (preview)
32. 0
value in GMAW (MIG) mode.
This value can be adjusted by varying the volts control (item 9)
and the VOLTS light will illuminate to indicate VOLTS are being
SEC VOLTS
displayed.
A-10632_AB
When welding, the volt meter will display actual welding voltage in all modes.
At the completion of welding, the volt meter will hold the last recorded voltage value for a period of approximately 10 seconds in all modes. The volt meter will hold the value until; (1) any of the front panel
controls are adjusted in which case the unit will revert to preview mode, (2) welding is recommenced, in
which case actual welding voltage will be displayed, or (3) a period of 10 seconds elapses following the
completion of welding in which case the unit will return to preview mode.
In MIG mode when setting the INDUCTANCE value, the
read INDUCTANCE. The range of adjustment is from 0 to 100.
A-10646
light will illuminate, and the display will
In TIG mode when setting DOWNSLOPE the SEC light will illuminate, and the display will read DOWNSLOPE.
The range of adjustment is from 0 to 10 seconds.
In Stick mode when setting the ARCFORCE the display will read ARCFORCE. The range of adjustment is
from 0 to 100.
Arc force control provides an adjustable amount of welding force (or "dig") control. This feature can be
particularly beneficial in providing the operator the ability to compensate for variability in joint fit-up
in certain situations with particular electrodes. In general increasing the arc force control toward "100"
(maximum arc force) allows greater penetration control to be achieved. Arc force is increased by turning
the control knob clockwise or decreased by turning the knob anti-clockwise.
NOTE
The preview functionality provided on this power source is intended to act as a guide only. Some
difference may be observed between preview values and actual welding values due to factors including the mode of welding, differences in consumables/gas mixtures, individual welding techniques
and the transfer mode of the welding arc (ie dip versus spray transfer). Where exact settings are
required (in the case of procedural work), it is recommended that alternate measurement methods
be utilized to ensure output values are accurate.
Manual 0-5205
3-9
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
15.Advanced Features
The TRANSMIG 350i, 450i and 550i have a series of Advanced features that allow the control of multiple
parameters.
These are accessed by pressing the AMPS and VOLTS knobs at the same time.
Once in the Advanced Features mode, turn the AMP control to select the Parameter, and turn the VOLTS
control to adjust the value.
A-10633
Figure 3-2: Advanced Features
Program Number
Description
Amps
Volts
A-10634
A-10635
P01
P02
P03
P04
P05
P06
P07
P08
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
SPOT TIME, adjustable from 0.5 to 5.0 seconds
BURN BACK TIME, adjustable from 0.01 to 2.00 seconds
PRE FLOW TIME, adjustable from 0.01 to 9.99 seconds
POST FLOW TIME, adjustable from 0.01 to 9.99 seconds
MMAW (Stick) HOT START CURRENT, adjustable from 10 to 100A
CREEP FEED SPEED, adjustable from 0.05 to 20 MPM
Wirefeed speed units, change between IPM and MPM
Displays Software revision
Table 3-1: Advanced Features
3-10
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
16.Fan as Needed
The TRANSMIG 350i, 450i and 550i are fitted with a fan as needed feature. Fan as needed automatically
switches the cooling fan off when it is not required. This has two main advantages; (1) to minimize power
consumption, and (2) to minimise the amount of contaminants such as dust that are drawn into the power
source.
Note that the fan will only operate when required for cooling purposes and will automatically switch off
when not required.
17.Main Three Phase Power On / Off Switch
This Three Phase circuit breaker performs a dual function.
It is used to turn the unit on/off and it will also trip in the event of a major fault condition.
Lift the cover for access to the circuit breaker.
!
WARNING
When the front digital displays are lit, the machine is connected to the Mains supply voltage and
the internal electrical components are at Mains voltage potential
18.Positive Welding Terminal
Welding current flows from the Power Source via heavy duty bayonet type terminals. It is essential, however, that the male plug is inserted and turned securely to achieve a sound electrical connection.
19.Negative Welding Terminal
Welding current flows from the Power Source via heavy duty bayonet type terminals. It is essential, however, that the male plug is inserted and turned securely to achieve a sound electrical connection.
CAUTION
Loose welding terminal connections can cause overheating and result in the male plug being fused
in the terminal.
Manual 0-5205
3-11
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
20.10 Pin Control Socket
The 10 pin receptacle is used to connect a Wirefeeder or other suitable remote control device to the welding Power Source circuitry:
To make connections, align keyway, insert plug, and rotate threaded collar fully clockwise. The socket
information is included in the event the supplied cable is not suitable and it is necessary to wire a plug or
cable to interface with the 10 pin receptacle
E
F
G
H
D
J
I
A
C
B
A-10636
Socket
Pin
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
Part Number / Description
Remote Voltage Control Potentiometer Wiper
Motor Negative
Motor Positive
Contactor +
(Contact closure is provided between socket
pins D and G to energise the contactor)
Remote Voltage & Wirespeed Control Potentiometers Maximum
Remote Wirespeed Control Potentiometer Wiper
Contactor Negative, Solenoid Negative
Remote Voltage & Wirespeed Control Potentiometers Minimum
Solenoid Positive
Not used
Table 3-2: 10 Pin Interconnection Control Plug configuration
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
3-12
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
21.19 Pin Wirefeeder Control Socket
The WIREFEEDER 19 pin receptacle is used to connect a Wirefeeder to the welding Power Source circuitry.
To make connections, align keyway, insert plug, and rotate threaded collar fully clockwise. The socket
information is included in the event the supplied cable is not suitable and it is necessary to wire a plug or
cable to interface with the WIREFEEDER 19 pin receptacle.
A M L
B N U K
C P V T J
D R S H
E F G
A-10637
Socket Pin
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
J
K
L
M
N
P
R
S
T
U
V
Part Number / Description
Contactor +
(Contact closure is provided between socket
pins A and B to energise the contactor)
Contactor (Contact closure is provided between socket
pins A and B to energise the contactor)
Voltage feedback (1V=10V output voltage)
Not used
Input Supply 110VAC 4A with respect to Socket F (circuit common)
42VAC and 110VAC common
Chassis Ground (Mains Earth)
Remote Voltage Control Potentiometers Maximum
Remote Voltage Control Potentiometer Wiper
Remote Voltage Control Potentiometers Minimum
Control circuit common
Arc Established = +15V DC
Power Source Select Line (0V = wirefeeder enabled)
Not used
Not used
Input Supply 42VAC 8A with respect to Socket F (circuit common)
Not used
Current feedback (1V=100A output current)
Not used
Table 3-3: 19 Pin Interconnection Control Plug configuration
!
WARNING
The Protective Earth Ground pin G of the control cable is established only when the power source
is properly grounded
Manual 0-5205
3-13
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
22.Control Circuit Breakers
22
A-10638
Figure 3-3: Circuit Breakers
These Circuit Breakers protects the unit from electrical faults.
The SOLENOID 4A and MOTOR 5A circuit breakers are for Wirefeeders connected to the 10 pin control
socket. The 42VAC 8A and 110VAC 4A circuit breakers are for Wirefeeders connected to the 19 pin control
socket. The Fan 3A circuit breaker protects the fan circuit in the event of a fault.
NOTE
If a circuit breaker trips, a short cooling period must be allowed before an attempt is made to reset
the unit by pressing the circuit breaker reset button. In the event that the circuit breaker will not
reset have an Accredited Cigweld Service provider investigate the fault.
23.Restore Factory Default Settings
The Transmig 350i, 450i and 550i can have Factory Default Settings Restored .This function is accessed
by pressing the AMPS and INDUCTANCE knobs at the same time for two seconds (2s). The VOLTS and
AMPS led's will flash 3 times to indicate a Factory Reset has been completed.
A-10973
Figure 3-4: Restore Factory Default Settings
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
3-14
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
3.07 Shielding Gas Regulator Operating Instructions
!
WARNING
This equipment is designed for use with welding grade (Inert) shielding gases only.
Shielding Gas Regulator Safety
This regulator is designed to reduce and control high pressure gas from a cylinder or pipeline to the working
pressure required for the equipment using it.
If the equipment is improperly used, hazardous conditions are created that may cause accidents. It is the
users responsibility to prevent such conditions. Before handing or using the equipment, understand and
comply at all times with the safe practices prescribed in this instruction.
SPECIFIC PROCEDURES for the use of regulators are listed below.
1. NEVER subject the regulator to inlet pressure greater than its rated inlet pressure.
2. NEVER pressurize a regulator that has loose or damaged parts or is in a questionable condition. NEVER
loosen a connection or attempt to remove any part of a regulator until the gas pressure has been relieved. Under pressure, gas can dangerously propel a loose part.
3. DO NOT remove the regulator from a cylinder without first closing the cylinder valve and releasing gas
in the regulator high and low pressure chambers.
4. DO NOT use the regulator as a control valve. When downstream equipment is not in use for extended
periods of time, shut off the gas at the cylinder valve and release the gas from the equipment.
5. OPEN the cylinder valve SLOWLY. Close after use.
User Responsibilities
This equipment will perform safely and reliable only when installed, operated and maintained, and repaired in
accordance with the instructions provided. Equipment must be checked periodically and repaired, replaced,
or reset as necessary for continued safe and reliable performance. Defective equipment should not be used.
Parts that are broken, missing, obviously worn, distorted, or contaminated should be replaced immediately.
The user of this equipment will generally have the sole responsibility for any malfunction, which results from
improper use, faulty maintenance, or by repair by anyone other than an accredited repairer.
CAUTION
Match regulator to cylinder. NEVER CONNECT a regulator designed for a particular gas or gases to
a cylinder containing any other gas.
Art: A-05087
Figure 3-5: Fit Regulator to Cylinder
Manual 0-5205
3-15
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
Installation
1. Remove cylinder valve plastic dust seal. Clean the cylinder valve outlet of impurities that may clog
orifices and damage seats before connecting the regulator.
Crack the valve (open then close) momentarily, pointing the outlet away from people and sources of
ignition. Wipe with a clean lint free cloth.
2. Match regulator to cylinder. Before connecting, check that the regulator label and cylinder marking
agree and that the regulator inlet and cylinder outlet match. NEVER CONNECT a regulator designed
for a particular gas or gases to a cylinder containing any other gas.
3. Connect the regulator inlet connection to cylinder or pipeline and tighten it firmly but not excessively,
with a suitable spanner.
4. Connect and tighten the outlet hose firmly and attach down-stream equipment.
5. To protect sensitive down-stream equipment a separate safety device may be necessary if the regulator
is not fitted with a pressure relief device.
Operation
With the regulator connected to cylinder or pipeline, and the adjustment screw/knob fully disengaged, pressurize as follows:
1. Stand to one side of regulator and slowly open the cylinder valve. If opened quickly, a sudden pressure
surge may damage internal regulator parts.
2. With valves on downstream equipment closed, adjust regulator to approximate working pressure. It is
recommended that testing for leaks at the regulator connection points be carried out using a suitable
leak detection solution or soapy water.
3. Purge air or other unwanted welding grade shielding gas from equipment connected to the regulator
by individually opening then closing the equipment control valves. Complete purging may take up to
ten seconds or more, depending upon the length and size of the hose being purged.
Adjusting Flow Rate
Art: A-05088_AB
Figure 3-6: Adjust Flow Rate
With the regulator ready for operation, adjust working flow rate as follows:
1. Slowly turn adjusting screw/knob in (clockwise) direction until the outlet gauge indicates the required
flow rate.
NOTE
It may be necessary to re-check the shielding gas regulator flow rate following the first weld sequence due to back pressure present within shielding gas hose assembly.
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
3-16
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
2. To reduce flow rate, allow the welding grade shielding gas to discharge from regulator by opening the
downstream valve. Bleed welding grade shielding gas into a well ventilated area and away from any
ignition source. Turn adjusting screw counterclockwise, until the required flow rate is indicated on the
gauge. Close downstream valve.
Shutdown
Close cylinder valve whenever the regulator is not in use. To shut down for extended periods (more than 30
minutes).
1. Close cylinder or upstream valve tightly.
2. Open downstream equipment valves to drain the lines. Bleed gas into a well ventilated area and away
from any ignition source.
3. After gas is drained completely, disengage adjusting screw and close downstream equipment valves.
4. Before transporting cylinders that are not secured on a cart designed for such purposes, remove
regulators.
3.08 Setup for MIG (GMAW) Welding with Gas Shielded Mig Wire
POWER SOURCE CONNECTIONS
A. Remove all packaging materials. Do not block the air vents at the front or rear of the Power Source.
B. Connect the work lead to the negative welding terminal (-) [positive welding terminal(+) for flux cored
electrode wire]. If in doubt, consult the electrode wire manufacturer. Welding current flows from the Power
Source via heavy duty bayonet type terminals. It is essential, however, that the male plug is inserted and
turned securely to achieve a sound electrical connection.
CAUTION
Loose welding terminal connections can cause overheating and result in the male plug being fused
in the terminal.
!
WARNING
Before connecting the work clamp to the work piece make sure the mains power supply is switched
off.
Secure the welding grade shielding gas cylinder in an upright position by chaining it to a suitable
stationary support to prevent falling or tipping.
C. Position a gas cylinder on the rear tray of the Power Source and lock securely to the Power Source cylinder
bracket with the chain provided. If this arrangement is not used or the Power Source is not fitted with a
gas cylinder tray then ensure that the gas cylinder is secured to a building pillar, wall bracket or otherwise
securely fixed in an upright position.
D. Select MIG mode with the process selection control button.
WIREFEEDER CONNECTIONS
A. Connect the welding power cable from the Wirefeeder's interconnection cables to the positive welding
terminal (+) [negative welding terminal (-) for flux cored electrode wire]. If in doubt, consult the electrode
wire manufacturer. Welding current flows from the Power Source via heavy duty bayonet type terminals.
It is essential, however, that the male plug is inserted and turned securely to achieve a sound electrical
connection.
B. Connect the control cable from the Wirefeeder to the 10 PIN or 19 PIN socket on the Power Source as
applicable.
Manual 0-5205
3-17
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
C. Fit the gas regulator and flowmeter to the gas cylinder then connect the gas hose from the rear of the
Wirefeeder to the flowmeter outlet.
D. Dual groove feed rollers are supplied as standard. Select the roller required with the chosen wire size
marking facing outwards.
GROOVE “A”
GROOVE “B”
Art # A-08739
GROOVE “A” SIZE
GROOVE “B” SIZE
E. Fit the electrode wire spool to the wire reel hub. Ensure that the drive dog-pin engages the mating hole
in the wire spool. Push the 'R' clip into place to retain the wire spool securely. The electrode wire should
feed from the bottom of the spool.
F MIG Torch, EURO MIG Torch Connection
Fit the MIG Torch to the Wirefeeder by pushing the torch connector into the brass torch adaptor and screwing the plastic torch nut clockwise to secure the torch to the torch adaptor. Remove the contact tip from
the torch handset.
TWECO style Torch Connection
Fit the MIG Torch to the Wirefeeder by pushing the torch connector into the brass torch adaptor and screwing the hand nut clockwise to secure the torch to the torch adaptor. Remove the contact tip from the torch
handset. Attach the wirefeeder trigger wires to the MIG Torch.
G Lift up the wire feeder pressure levers and pass the electrode wire through the inlet guide, between the
rollers, through the centre guide, between the rollers, through the outlet guide and into the MIG torch.
!
WARNING
DO NOT WEAR GLOVES WHILE THREADING THE WIRE OR CHANGING THE WIRE SPOOL.
H. Lower the pressure levers and with the torch lead reasonably straight, feed the electrode wire through the
torch. Fit the appropriate contact tip, eg a 0.9mm tip for 0.9mm wire.
I Press the INCH button to feed the wire through the torch. (Only applicable to wirefeeders connected to the
10 pin socket. Wirefeeders connected to the 19 pin socket can only be inched from the wirefeeder itself if
that function is available.)
!
WARNING
If the Torch Trigger is used to feed wire through the torch, the electrode wire will be at welding
voltage potential whilst it is being fed through the wirefeeder system.
!
WARNING
Before connecting the work clamp to the work piece make sure the mains power supply is switched
off.
NOTE
Welding Setup Program Storage (10 programs) applies to MIG (10 pin only), Stick and Lift Tig modes.
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
3-18
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
Positive Welding
Terminal (+)
Negative Welding
Terminal (-)
19 Pin Control Socket
Work Lead
Powered Wirefeeder (19 Pin)
Mig Torch
A-10639
Figure 3-7: Setup for Mig Welding with Gas Shielded Mig Wire
Manual 0-5205
3-19
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
3.09 Setup for MIG (GMAW) Welding with Gasless Mig Wire
POWER SOURCE CONNECTIONS
A. Remove all packaging materials. Do not block the air vents at the front or rear of the Power Source.
B. Connect the work lead to the positive welding terminal (+). If in doubt, consult the electrode wire manufacturer. Welding current flows from the Power Source via heavy duty bayonet type terminals. It is essential,
however, that the male plug is inserted and turned securely to achieve a sound electrical connection.
CAUTION
Loose welding terminal connections can cause overheating and result in the male plug being fused
in the terminal.
!
WARNING
Before connecting the work clamp to the work piece make sure the mains power supply is switched
off.
C. Select MIG mode with the process selection control button.
WIREFEEDER CONNECTIONS
A. Connect the welding power cable from the Wirefeeder's interconnection cables to the negative welding
terminal (-). If in doubt, consult the electrode wire manufacturer. Welding current flows from the Power
Source via heavy duty bayonet type terminals. It is essential, however, that the male plug is inserted and
turned securely to achieve a sound electrical connection.
B. Connect the control cable from the Wirefeeder to the 10 PIN or 19 PIN socket on the Power Source as
applicable.
C. Dual groove feed rollers are supplied as standard. Select the roller required with the chosen wire size
marking facing outwards.
GROOVE “A”
GROOVE “B”
Art # A-08739
GROOVE “A” SIZE
GROOVE “B” SIZE
D. Fit the electrode wire spool to the wire reel hub. Ensure that the drive dog-pin engages the mating hole
in the wire spool. Push the 'R' clip into place to retain the wire spool securely. The electrode wire should
feed from the bottom of the spool.
E. MIG Torch, EURO MIG Torch Connection
Fit the MIG Torch to the Wirefeeder by pushing the torch connector into the brass torch adaptor and screwing the plastic torch nut clockwise to secure the torch to the torch adaptor. Remove the contact tip from
the torch handset.
TWECO style Torch Connection
Fit the MIG Torch to the Wirefeeder by pushing the torch connector into the brass torch adaptor and screwing the hand nut clockwise to secure the torch to the torch adaptor. Remove the contact tip from the torch
handset. Attach the wirefeeder trigger wires to the MIG Torch.
F. Lift up the wire feeder pressure levers and pass the electrode wire through the inlet guide, between the
rollers, through the centre guide, between the rollers, through the outlet guide and into the MIG torch.
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
3-20
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
!
WARNING
DO NOT WEAR GLOVES WHILE THREADING THE WIRE OR CHANGING THE WIRE SPOOL.
G. Lower the pressure levers and with the torch lead reasonably straight, feed the electrode wire through the
torch. Fit the appropriate contact tip, eg a 0.9mm tip for 0.9mm wire.
H Press the INCH button to feed the wire through the torch. (Only applicable to wirefeeders connected to the
10 pin socket. Wirefeeders connected to the 19 pin socket can only be inched from the wirefeeder itself if
that function is available.)
!
WARNING
If the Torch Trigger is used to feed wire through the torch, the electrode wire will be at welding
voltage potential whilst it is being fed through the wirefeeder system.
!
WARNING
Before connecting the work clamp to the work piece make sure the mains power supply is switched
off.
NOTE
Welding Setup Program Storage (10 programs) applies to MIG (10 pin only), Stick and Lift Tig modes.
A-10794
Figure 3-8: Setup for Mig Welding with Gasless Mig Wire
Manual 0-5205
3-21
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
3.10 Setup for TIG (GTAW) Welding With Gas Shielding
A. Remove all packaging materials. Do not block the air vents at the front or rear of the Power Source.
B. Connect the work lead to the positive welding terminal (+).Welding current flows from the Power Source
via heavy duty bayonet type terminals. It is essential, however, that the male plug is inserted and turned
securely to achieve a sound electrical connection.
C. Connect the optional TIG Torch (refer to table 2-2 optional accessories) to the negative welding terminal
(-).Welding current flows from the Power Source via heavy duty bayonet type terminals. It is essential,
however, that the male plug is inserted and turned securely to achieve a sound electrical connection.
CAUTION
Loose welding terminal connections can cause overheating and result in the male plug being fused
in the terminal.
!
WARNING
Before connecting the work clamp to the work piece make sure the mains power supply is switched
off.
Secure the welding grade shielding gas cylinder in an upright position by chaining it to a suitable
stationary support to prevent falling or tipping.
D. Position a gas cylinder on the rear tray of the Power Source and lock securely to the Power Source cylinder
bracket with the chain provided. If this arrangement is not used or the Power Source is not fitted with a
gas cylinder tray then ensure that the gas cylinder is secured to a building pillar, wall bracket or otherwise
securely fixed in an upright position.
E. Select LIFT TIG mode with the process selection control button.
F. Connect the TIG Torch trigger switch / remote control to the 10 PIN socket on the Power Source as applicable. The TIG Torch will require a trigger switch to operate in LIFT TIG mode.
G. Fit the gas regulator and flowmeter to the gas cylinder then connect the gas hose from the TIG Torch to
the Flowmeter outlet. The Power Source is not fitted with a shielding gas solenoid to control the gas flow
in LIFT TIG mode, therefore the TIG Torch will require a gas valve.
Positive Welding
Terminal (+)
Work Lead
Negative Welding
Terminal (-)
10 Pin Control Socket
Tig Torch
A-10640_AB
Figure 3-9: Setup for TIG (GTAW) Welding with Gas Shielding
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
3-22
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
3.11 Setup for STICK (MMAW) Welding
A. Remove all packaging materials. Do not block the air vents at the front or rear of the Power Source.
B. Connect the Electrode Holder to the positive welding terminal (+). If in doubt, consult the electrode manufacturer. Welding current flows from the Power Source via heavy duty bayonet type terminals. It is essential,
however, that the male plug is inserted and turned securely to achieve a sound electrical connection.
C. Connect the work lead to the negative welding terminal (-). If in doubt, consult the electrode manufacturer.
Welding current flows from the Power Source via heavy duty bayonet type terminals. It is essential, however,
that the male plug is inserted and turned securely to achieve a sound electrical connection.
CAUTION
Loose welding terminal connections can cause overheating and result in the male plug being fused
in the terminal.
!
WARNING
Before connecting the work clamp to the workpiece make sure the mains power supply is
switched off.
D. Select STICK mode with the process selection control button
Positive Welding
Terminal (+)
Electrode Holder
Negative Welding
Terminal (-)
Work Lead
A-10641
Figure 3-10: Setup for Manual Arc Welding.
Manual 0-5205
3-23
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
3.12 Setup for GOUGING (Transmig 550i only)
A. Remove all packaging materials. Do not block the air vents at the front or rear of the Power Source.
B. Connect the Carbon Arc Gouging Torch to the positive welding terminal (+). If in doubt, consult the carbon electrode manufacturer. Welding current flows from the Power Source via heavy duty bayonet type
terminals. It is essential, however, that the male plug is inserted and turned securely to achieve a sound
electrical connection.
C. Connect the work lead to the negative welding terminal (-). If in doubt, consult the electrode manufacturer.
Welding current flows from the Power Source via heavy duty bayonet type terminals. It is essential, however,
that the male plug is inserted and turned securely to achieve a sound electrical connection.
D. Connect the air hose from the Carbon Arc Gouging Torch to a Filtered, Industrial, Compressed air outlet
and set pressure to the Carbon Arc Gouging Torch manufacturers specification.
E. Select STICK / GOUGING mode with the process selection control button (Transmig 550i only).
CAUTION
Refer to Section 2.10 & 2.11 for Gouging Ratings and Duty Cycle Period.
!
WARNING
Before connecting the work clamp to the workpiece make sure the mains power supply is
switched off.
A-10795
Figure 3-11: Setup for Gouging
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
3-24
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
SECTION 4:
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
4.01 MIG (GMAW/FCAW) Basic Welding Technique
Two different welding processes are covered in this section (GMAW and FCAW), with the intention of providing
the very basic concepts in using the Mig mode of welding, where a welding gun is hand held, and the electrode
(welding wire) is fed into a weld puddle, and the arc is shielded by an inert welding grade shielding gas or inert
welding grade shielding gas mixture.
GAS METAL ARC WELDING (GMAW): This process, also known as MIG welding, CO2 welding, Micro Wire
Welding, short arc welding, dip transfer welding, wire welding etc., is an electric arc welding process which
fuses together the parts to be welded by heating them with an arc between a solid continuous, consumable
electrode and the work. Shielding is obtained from an externally supplied welding grade shielding gas or welding
grade shielding gas mixture. The process is normally applied semi automatically; however the process may
be operated automatically and can be machine operated. The process can be used to weld thin and fairly thick
steels, and some non-ferrous metals in all positions.
Shielding Gas
Nozzle
Molten Weld Metal
Electrode
Arc
Solidified
Weld Metal
Base Metal
GMAW Process
Art # A-8991_AB
Figure 4-1
FLUX CORED ARC WELDING (FCAW): This is an electric arc welding process which fuses together the parts to
be welded by heating them with an arc between a continuous flux filled electrode wire and the work. Shielding
is obtained through decomposition of the flux within the tubular wire. Additional shielding may or may not be
obtained from an externally supplied gas or gas mixture. The process is normally applied semi automatically;
however the process may be applied automatically or by machine. It is commonly used to weld large diameter
electrodes in the flat and horizontal position and small electrode diameters in all positions. The process is used
to a lesser degree for welding stainless steel and for overlay work.
Shielding Gas
(Optional)
Nozzle
(Optional)
Molten Metal
Slag
Flux Cored
Electrode
Molten
Slag
Arc
Solidified
Weld Metal
Base Metal
FCAW Process
Art # A-08992_AB
Figure 4-2
Manual 0-5205 4-1
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
Position of MIG Torch
The angle of MIG torch to the weld has an effect on the width of the weld.
Vertical
Push
Drag/Pull
Art # A-07185_AB
Figure 4-3
The welding gun should be held at an angle to the weld joint. (see Secondary Adjustment Variables below)
Hold the gun so that the welding seam is viewed at all times. Always wear the welding helmet with proper filter
lenses and use the proper safety equipment.
CAUTION
Do not pull the welding gun back when the arc is established. This will create excessive wire
extension (stick-out) and make a very poor weld.
The electrode wire is not energized until the gun trigger switch is depressed. The wire may therefore be placed
on the seam or joint prior to lowering the helmet.
5° to 15°
Longitudinal
Angle
Direction of
Travel
90°
Transverse
Angle
Art # A-08993
Butt & Horizontal Welds
Figure 4-4
5° to 15°
Longitudinal Angle
30° to 60°
Transverse Angle
Direction of
Travel
Art # A-08994
Horizontal Fillet Weld
Figure 4-5
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
4-2
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
10° to 20° Longitudinal
Angle
10°
Longitudinal Angle
30° to 60°
Transverse
Angle
30° to 60°
Transverse
Angle
Direction of Travel
Vertical Fillet Welds
Art # A-08995
Figure 4-6
Direction of Travel
30° to 60°
Transverse Angle
5° to 15°
Longitudinal
Angle
Art # A-08996
Overhead Weld
Figure 4-7
Distance from the MIG Torch Nozzle to the Work Piece
The electrode wire stick out from the MIG Torch nozzle should be between 10mm to 20.0mm. This distance
may vary depending on the type of joint that is being welded.
Travel Speed
The speed at which the molten pool travels influences the width of the weld and penetration of the welding
run.
MIG Welding (GMAW) Variables
Most of the welding done by all processes is on carbon steel. The items below describe the welding variables
in short-arc welding of 24gauge (0.024”, 0.6mm) to ¼” (6.4mm) mild sheet or plate. The applied techniques
and end results in the GMAW process are controlled by these variables.
Preselected Variables
Preselected variables depend upon the type of material being welded, the thickness of the material, the welding
position, the deposition rate and the mechanical properties. These variables are:
• Type of electrode wire
• Size of electrode wire
• Type of gas (not applicable to self shielding wires FCAW)
• Gas flow rate (not applicable to self shielding wires FCAW)
Primary Adjustable Variables
These control the process after preselected variables have been found. They control the penetration, bead
width, bead height, arc stability, deposition rate and weld soundness. They are:
• Arc Voltage
• Welding current (wire feed speed)
• Travel speed
Manual 0-5205 4-3
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
Secondary Adjustable Variables
These variables cause changes in primary adjustable variables which in turn cause the desired change in the
bead formation. They are:
1. Stick-out (distance between the end of the contact tube (tip) and the end of the electrode wire). Maintain
at about 10mm stick-out
2. Wire Feed Speed. Increase in wire feed speed increases weld current, Decrease in wire feed speed
decreases weld current.
Gas Nozzle
Contact Tip (Tube)
Tip to
Work Distance
Electrode Wire
Actual Stick-out
Average Arc Length
Art # A-08997_AD
Electrode Stick-Out
Figure 4-8
3. Nozzle Angle. This refers to the position of the welding gun in relation to the joint. The transverse angle
is usually one half the included angle between plates forming the joint. The longitudinal angle is the
angle between the centre line of the welding gun and a line perpendicular to the axis of the weld. The
longitudinal angle is generally called the Nozzle Angle and can be either trailing (pulling) or leading
(pushing). Whether the operator is left handed or right handed has to be considered to realize the
effects of each angle in relation to the direction of travel.
Transverse
Angle
Longitudinal
Angle
Axis of Weld
Art # A-08998_AB
Transverse and Longitudinal
Nozzle Axes
Figure 4-9
Direction of Gun Travel
Leading or “Pushing”
Angle
(Forward Pointing)
90°
Trailing or “Pulling”
Angle
(Backward Pointing)
Nozzle Angle, Right Handed Operator
Art # A-08999_AC
Figure 4-10
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
4-4
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
Establishing the Arc and Making Weld Beads
Before attempting to weld on a finished piece of work, it is recommended that practice welds be made on a
sample metal of the same material as that of the finished piece.
The easiest welding procedure for the beginner to experiment with MIG welding is the flat position. The
equipment is capable of flat, vertical and overhead positions.
For practicing MIG welding, secure some pieces of 16 or 18 gauge (0.06” 1.5mm or 0.08” 2.0mm) mild steel plate
6” x 6” (150 x 150mm). Use 0.030” (0.8mm) flux cored gasless wire or a solid wire with shielding gas.
Setting of the Power Source
Power source and Wirefeeder setting requires some practice by the operator, as the welding plant has two
control settings that have to balance. These are the Wirespeed control (refer to section 3.06.4) and the welding
Voltage Control (refer to section 3.06.10). The welding current is determined by the Wirespeed control, the
current will increase with increased Wirespeed, resulting in a shorter arc. Less wire speed will reduce the
current and lengthen the arc. Increasing the welding voltage hardly alters the current level, but lengthens the
arc. By decreasing the voltage, a shorter arc is obtained with a little change in current level.
When changing to a different electrode wire diameter, different control settings are required. A thinner electrode
wire needs more Wirespeed to achieve the same current level.
A satisfactory weld cannot be obtained if the Wirespeed and Voltage settings are not adjusted to suit the
electrode wire diameter and the dimensions of the work piece.
If the Wirespeed is too high for the welding voltage, “stubbing” will occur as the wire dips into the molten
pool and does not melt. Welding in these conditions normally produces a poor weld due to lack of fusion. If,
however, the welding voltage is too high, large drops will form on the end of the wire, causing spatter. The
correct setting of voltage and Wirespeed can be seen in the shape of the weld deposit and heard by a smooth
regular arc sound. Refer to the Weld Guide located on the inside of the wirefeed compartment door for setup
information.
Electrode Wire Size Selection
The choice of Electrode wire size and shielding gas used depends on the following
• Thickness of the metal to be welded
• Type of joint
• Capacity of the wire feed unit and Power Source
• The amount of penetration required
• The deposition rate required
• The bead profile desired
• The position of welding
• Cost of the wire
Manual 0-5205 4-5
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
Transmig 350i,450 i,550 i
MULTI PROCESS WELDING INVERTER
Cigweld Welding Wire Selection Chart
Description
Diameter
Shield-Cor 11
1.2mm
Spool 15kg
720923
1.6mm
Spool 15kg
720925
1.2mm
Spool 15kg
720919
1.6mm
Spool 15kg
720921
0.8mm
Spool 15kg
720114
0.9mm
Handispool 5kg
720161
0.9mm
Spool 15kg
720090
1.0mm
Spool 15kg
720094
1.2mm
Spool 15kg
720096
1.6mm
Spool 15kg
720095
0.8mm
Handispool 5kg
720288
0.9mm
Handispool 5kg
720283
0.9mm
Spool 15kg
721286
1.0mm
Spool 15kg
722386
1.2mm
Spool 15kg
721287
0.9mm
Spool 7kg
722226
1.0mm
Handispool 2kg
723224
1.0mm
Spool 7kg
722224
1.2mm
Spool 7kg
722227
Verti-Cor 3XP
Autocraft LW1-6
Autocraft 316LSi Solid
Stainless Steel Mig Wire
Autocraft AL5356 Solid
Aluminium Mig Wire
Pack
Part Number
Application
Shield-Cor 11 is an all positional
self-shielded flux cored wire recommended
for the general purpose single or multi-pass
lap, fillet and butt welding of mild and
galvanised steels.
Verti-Cor 3XP is an all positional rutile
type flux cored wire for welding a wide
range of mild and medium strength steels.
Verti-Cor 3XP is for use with
Argon+20 to 25% CO2 or 100% CO2 type
shielding gases.
General purpose solid welding wire
suitable for the all positional Gas Metal Arc
Welding (GWAW) of mild and low alloy
steels, used in general fabrication and
for welding of light to medium gauge
sheet and tubular steel sections. Note
that a suitable shielding gas is required.
General purpose all positional stainless
steel wire providing excellent results when
used with correct shielding gas. Suitable
for the general welding of a wide range of
stainless steels (300 & 400 series). Note
that a suitable shielding gas is required.
Excellent general purpose Aluminium Mig
wire suitable for the welding of a wide
range of wrought and cast Aluminium
alloys containing Magnesium. Note that
a suitable shielding gas is required.
Note Handispool = 200mm diameter, Spool = 300mm diameter.
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
4-6
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
4.02 MIG (GMAW/FCAW) Welding Troubleshooting
Solving Problems Beyond the Welding Terminals
The general approach to fix Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW) problems is to start at the wire spool then
work through to the MIG torch. There are two main areas where problems occur with GMAW, Porosity and
Inconsistent wire feed
Solving Problems Beyond the Welding Terminals - Porosity
When there is a gas problem the result is usually porosity within the weld metal. Porosity always stems from
some contaminant within the molten weld pool which is in the process of escaping during solidification of
the molten metal. Contaminants range from no gas around the welding arc to dirt on the work piece surface.
Porosity can be reduced by checking the following points.
FAULT
CAUSE
1
Shielding gas cylinder contents
and flow meter.
Ensure that the shielding gas cylinder is not empty and the
flow meter is correctly adjusted to 15 litres per minute.
2
Gas leaks.
Check for gas leaks between the regulator/cylinder connection and in the gas hose to the Power Source.
3
Internal gas hose in the Power
Source.
Ensure the hose from the solenoid valve to the torch adaptor
has not fractured and that it is connected to the torch adaptor.
4
Welding in a windy environment.
Shield the weld area from the wind or increase the gas flow.
5
Welding dirty, oily, painted,
oxidised or greasy plate.
Clean contaminates off the work piece.
6
Distance between the MIG torch
nozzle and the work piece.
Keep the distance between the MIG torch nozzle and the work
piece to a minimum. Refer to section 2.03
7
Maintain the MIG torch in good
working order.
A
Ensure that the gas holes are not blocked and gas is exiting
out of the torch nozzle.
B Do not restrict gas flow by allowing spatter to build up inside
the torch nozzle.
C Check that the MIG torch O-rings are not damaged.
Table 4-1: Solving Problems beyond the Welding Terminals-Porosity
!
WARNING
Disengage the feed roll when testing for gas flow by ear.
Manual 0-5205 4-7
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
Solving Problems Beyond the Welding Terminals - Inconsistent Wire Feed
Wire feeding problems can be reduced by checking the following points.
FAULT
CAUSE
1
Feed roller driven by motor in the
cabinet slipped.
Wire spool brake is too tight.
2
Wire spool unwinded and tangled.
Wire spool brake is too loose.
3
Worn or incorrect feed roller size
A Use a feed roller matched to the size you are welding.
B Replace feed roller if worn.
4
Wire rubbed against the mis-aligned
guides and reduced wire feedability.
5
Liner blocked with swarf
Mis-alignment of inlet/outlet guides
A Increased amounts of swarf are produced by the wire
passing through the feed roller when excessive pressure is applied to the pressure roller adjuster.
B Swarf can also be produced by the wire passing
through an incorrect feed roller groove shape or size.
C Swarf is fed into the conduit liner where it accumulates thus reducing wire feedability.
6
Incorrect or worn contact tip
A The contact tip transfers the weld current to the electrode wire. If the hole in the contact tip is too large
then arcing may occur inside the contact tip resulting
in the wire jamming in the contact tip
B When using soft wire such as aluminium it may
become jammed in the contact tip due to expansion of
the wire when heated. A contact tip designed for soft
wires should be used.
7
Poor work lead contact to work piece
If the work lead has a poor electrical contact to the
work piece then the connection point will heat up and
result in a reduction of power at the arc.
8
Bent liner
This will cause friction between the wire and the liner
thus reducing wire feedability
Table 4-2: Wire Feeding Problems
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
4-8
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
Basic GMAW (MIG) Welding Troubleshooting
FAULT
1 Undercut
CAUSE
REMEDY
A Welding arc voltage too A Decrease voltage or increase the wire feed speed.
high.
B Incorrect torch angle
B Adjust angle.
C Excessive heat input
C Increase the torch travel speed and/or decrease
welding current by decreasing the voltage or
decreasing the wire feed speed.
2 Lack of penetration A Welding current too low A Increase welding current by increasing wire feed
speed and increasing voltage.
B Joint preparation too
B Increase joint angle or gap.
narrow or gap too tight
C Shielding gas incorrect C Change to a gas which gives higher penetration.
3 Lack of fusion
4 Excessive spatter
Voltage too low
Increase voltage.
A Voltage too high
A Decrease voltage or increase the wirespeed
control.
B Voltage too low
B Increase the voltage or decrease wirespeed.
5 Irregular weld shape A Incorrect voltage and
current settings. Convex, voltage too low.
Concave, voltage too
high.
A Adjust voltage and current by adjusting the voltage
control and the wirespeed control.
B Wire is wandering.
B Replace contact tip.
C Incorrect shielding gas
C Check shielding gas.
D Insufficient or excessive D Adjust the wirespeed control or the voltage
heat input
control.
6 Weld cracking
A Weld beads too small
A Decrease travel speed
B Weld penetration narrow B Reduce current and voltage and increase Mig torch
and deep
travel speed or select a lower penetration shielding
gas.
C Excessive weld stresses C Increase weld metal strength or revise design
7 Cold weld puddle
8 Arc does not have
a crisp sound that
short arc exhibits
when the wirefeed
speed and voltage
are adjusted correctly.
D Excessive voltage
D Decrease voltage.
E Cooling rate too fast
E Slow the cooling rate by preheating part to be
welded or cool slowly.
A Loose welding cable
connection.
A Check all welding cable connections.
B Low primary voltage
B Contact supply authority.
C Fault in power source
C Have an Accredited CIGWELD Service Provider to
test then replace the faulty component.
The MIG torch has been
connected to the wrong
voltage polarity on the
front panel.
Connect the MIG torch to the positive (+) welding
terminal for solid wires and gas shielded flux cored
wires. Refer to the electrode wire manufacturer for
the correct polarity.
Table 4-3: GMAW (MIG) Welding Problems
Manual 0-5205 4-9
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
4.03 Stick (MMAW) Basic Welding Technique
Size of Electrode
The electrode size is determined by the thickness of metals being joined and can also be governed by the type
of welding machine available. Small welding machines will only provide sufficient current (amperage) to run
the smaller size electrodes.
For thin sections, it is necessary to use smaller electrodes otherwise the arc may burn holes through the job.
A little practice will soon establish the most suitable electrode for a given application.
Storage of Electrodes
Always store electrodes in a dry place and in their original containers.
Electrode Polarity
Electrodes are generally connected to the ELECTRODE HOLDER with the Electrode Holder connected positive
polarity. The WORK LEAD is connected negative polarity and is connected to the work piece. If in doubt consult
the electrode data sheet or your nearest Accredited CIGWELD Distributor.
Effects of Arc Welding Various Materials
A. High tensile and alloy steels
The two most prominent effects of welding these steels are the formation of a hardened zone in the weld
area, and, if suitable precautions are not taken, the occurrence in this zone of under-bead cracks may result.
Hardened zone and under-bead cracks in the weld area may be reduced by using the correct electrodes,
preheating, using higher current settings, using larger electrodes sizes, short runs for larger electrode
deposits or tempering in a furnace.
Hydrogen controlled Electrodes must be used for this application. Use Ferrocraft 61 or 16TXP for normal
strength (500 MPa) steels, and Alloycraft range for higher strength steels.
B. Austenitic manganese steels
The effect on manganese steel of slow cooling from high temperatures is to embrittle it. For this reason
it is absolutely essential to keep manganese steel cool during welding by quenching after each weld or
skip welding to distribute the heat. Suitable Electrode types are Cobalarc Austex or Cobalarc Mangcraft.
C. Cast Iron
Most types of cast iron, except white iron, are weldable. White iron, because of its extreme brittleness,
generally cracks when attempts are made to weld it. Trouble may also be experienced when welding whiteheart malleable, due to the porosity caused by gas held in this type of iron. Suitable Electrode types are
Castcraft 55 or Castcraft 100.
D. Copper and alloys
The most important factor is the high rate of heat conductivity of copper, making preheating of heavy
sections necessary to give proper fusion of weld and base metal. Suitable Electrode types are Bronzecraft
AC-DC electrodes.
Arc Welding Practice
The techniques used for arc welding are almost identical regardless of what types of metals are being joined.
Naturally enough, different types of electrodes would be used for different metals as described in the preceding
section.
Welding Position
The electrodes dealt with in this publication can be used in most positions, i.e. they are suitable for welding in
flat, horizontal, vertical and overhead positions. Numerous applications call for welds to be made in positions
intermediate between these. Some of the common types of welds are shown in Figures 4-15 through 4-22.
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
4-10
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
Art # A-07687
Figure 4-11: Flat Position, Down Hand Butt Weld
Art # A-07688
Figure 4-12: Flat Position, Gravity Fillet Weld
Art # A-07689
Figure 4-13: Horizontal Position, Butt Weld
Art # A-07690
Figure 4-14: Horizontal-Vertical (HV) Position
Art A-07691
Figure 4-15: Vertical Position, Butt Weld
Art # A-07692
Figure 4-16: Vertical Position, Fillet Weld
Manual 0-5205 4-11
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
Art# A-07693
Figure 4-17: Overhead Position, Butt Weld
Art # A-07694
Figure 4-18: Overhead Position, Fillet Weld
Joint Preparations
In many cases, it will be possible to weld steel sections without any special preparation. For heavier sections
and for repair work on castings, etc., it will be necessary to cut or grind an angle between the pieces being
joined to ensure proper penetration of the weld metal and to produce sound joints.
In general, surfaces being welded should be clean and free of rust, scale, dirt, grease, etc. Slag should be
removed from oxy-cut surfaces. Typical joint designs are shown in Figure 4-19.
Single Vee Butt Joint
Open Square Butt
Joint
Not less than
70°
1.6mm (1/16” ) max
Gap varies from
1.6mm (1/16”) to 4.8mm (3/16”)
depending on plate thickness
1.6mm (1/16”)
Single Vee Butt Joint
Not less than
45°
Double Vee Butt Joint
Lap Joint
Fillet Joint
Not less than
70°
1.6mm (1/16”) max
1.6mm (1/16”)
Tee Joints
(Fillet both sides of the
joint)
Corner Weld
Edge Joint
Plug Weld
Plug Weld
Art # A-07695_AE
Figure 4-19: Typical Joint Designs for Arc Welding
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
4-12
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
Arc Welding Technique - A Word to Beginners
For those who have not yet done any welding, the simplest way to commence is to run beads on a piece of
scrap plate. Use mild steel plate about 6.0mm thick and a 3.2mm electrode. Clean any paint, loose scale or
grease off the plate and set it firmly on the work bench so that welding can be carried out in the downhand
position. Make sure that the work clamp is making good electrical contact with the work, either directly or
through the work table. For light gauge material, always clamp the work lead directly to the job, otherwise a
poor circuit will probably result.
The Welder
Place yourself in a comfortable position before beginning to weld. Get a seat of suitable height and do as
much work as possible sitting down. Don't hold your body tense. A taut attitude of mind and a tensed body
will soon make you feel tired. Relax and you will find that the job becomes much easier. You can add much to
your peace of mind by wearing a leather apron and gauntlets. You won't be worrying then about being burnt
or sparks setting alight to your clothes.
Place the work so that the direction of welding is across, rather than to or from, your body. The electrode
holder lead should be clear of any obstruction so that you can move your arm freely along as the electrode
burns down. If the lead is slung over your shoulder, it allows greater freedom of movement and takes a lot of
weight off your hand. Be sure the insulation on your cable and electrode holder is not faulty, otherwise you
are risking an electric shock.
Striking the Arc
Practice this on a piece of scrap plate before going on to more exacting work. You may at first experience
difficulty due to the tip of the electrode "sticking" to the work piece. This is caused by making too heavy a
contact with the work and failing to withdraw the electrode quickly enough. A low amperage will accentuate it.
This freezing-on of the tip may be overcome by scratching the electrode along the plate surface in the same
way as a match is struck. As soon as the arc is established, maintain a 1.6mm to 3.2mm gap between the
burning electrode end and the parent metal. Draw the electrode slowly along as it melts down.
Another difficulty you may meet is the tendency, after the arc is struck, to withdraw the electrode so far that
the arc is broken again. A little practice will soon remedy both of these faults.
20°
Art # A-07696_AB
1.6 mm (1/16”)
Figure 4-20: Striking an Arc
Arc Length
The securing of an arc length necessary to produce a neat weld soon becomes almost automatic. You will
find that a long arc produces more heat. A very long arc produces a crackling or spluttering noise and the
weld metal comes across in large, irregular blobs. The weld bead is flattened and spatter increases. A short
arc is essential if a high quality weld is to be obtained although if it is too short there is the danger of it being
blanketed by slag and the electrode tip being solidified in. If this should happen, give the electrode a quick
twist back over the weld to detach it. Contact or "touch-weld" electrodes such as Ferrocraft 21 do not stick in
this way, and make welding much easier.
Rate of Travel
After the arc is struck, your next concern is to maintain it, and this requires moving the electrode tip towards
the molten pool at the same rate as it is melting away. At the same time, the electrode has to move along the
plate to form a bead. The electrode is directed at the weld pool at about 20º from the vertical. The rate of travel
has to be adjusted so that a well-formed bead is produced.
Manual 0-5205 4-13
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
If the travel is too fast, the bead will be narrow and strung out and may even be broken up into individual
globules. If the travel is too slow, the weld metal piles up and the bead will be too large.
Making Welded Joints
Having attained some skill in the handling of an electrode, you will be ready to go on to make up welded joints.
A. Butt Welds
Set up two plates with their edges parallel, as shown in Figure 4-21, allowing 1.6mm to 2.4mm gap between
them and tack weld at both ends. This is to prevent contraction stresses from the cooling weld metal
pulling the plates out of alignment. Plates thicker than 6.0mm should have their mating edges bevelled to
form a 70º to 90º included angle. This allows full penetration of the weld metal to the root. Using a 3.2mm
Ferrocraft 21 electrode at 100 amps, deposit a run of weld metal on the bottom of the joint.
Do not weave the electrode, but maintain a steady rate of travel along the joint sufficient to produce a
well-formed bead. At first you may notice a tendency for undercut to form, but keeping the arc length
short, the angle of the electrode at about 20º from vertical, and the rate of travel not too fast, will help
eliminate this. The electrode needs to be moved along fast enough to prevent the slag pool from getting
ahead of the arc. To complete the joint in thin plate, turn the job over, clean the slag out of the back and
deposit a similar weld.
20°-30°
Electrode
Tack Weld
Tack Weld
Art # A-07697_AB
Figure 4-21: Butt Weld
Art # A-07698
Figure 4-22: Weld Build up Sequence
Heavy plate will require several runs to complete the joint. After completing the first run, chip the slag
out and clean the weld with a wire brush. It is important to do this to prevent slag being trapped by the
second run. Subsequent runs are then deposited using either a weave technique or single beads laid down
in the sequence shown in Figure 4-22. The width of weave should not be more than three times the core
wire diameter of the electrode. When the joint is completely filled, the back is either machined, ground or
gouged out to remove slag which may be trapped in the root, and to prepare a suitable joint for depositing
the backing run. If a backing bar is used, it is not usually necessary to remove this, since it serves a similar
purpose to the backing run in securing proper fusion at the root of the weld.
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
4-14
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
B. Fillet Welds
These are welds of approximately triangular cross-section made by depositing metal in the corner of two
faces meeting at right angles. Refer to Figure 4-14.
A piece of angle iron is a suitable specimen with which to begin, or two lengths of strip steel may be
tacked together at right angles. Using a 3.2mm Ferrocraft 21 electrode at 100 amps, position angle iron
with one leg horizontal and the other vertical. This is known as a horizontal-vertical (HV) fillet. Strike the
arc and immediately bring the electrode to a position perpendicular to the line of the fillet and about 45º
from the vertical. Some electrodes require to be sloped about 20º away from the perpendicular position
to prevent slag from running ahead of the weld. Refer to Figure 4-23. Do not attempt to build up much
larger than 6.4mm width with a 3.2mm electrode, otherwise the weld metal tends to sag towards the
base, and undercut forms on the vertical leg. Multi-runs can be made as shown in Figure 4-24. Weaving
in HV fillet welds is undesirable.
45° from
vertical
60° - 70° from line
of weld
Art # A-07699_AB
Figure 4-23: Electrode Position for HV Fillet Weld
Art # A-07700_AB
6
3
1
5
2
4
Figure 4-24: Multi-runs in HV Fillet Weld
C. Vertical Welds
1. Vertical Up
Tack weld a three feet length of angle iron to your work bench in an upright position. Use a 3.2mm
Ferrocraft 21 electrode and set the current at 100 amps. Make yourself comfortable on a seat in front
of the job and strike the arc in the corner of the fillet. The electrode needs to be about 10º from the
horizontal to enable a good bead to be deposited. Refer Figure 4-25. Use a short arc, and do not attempt
to weave on the first run. When the first run has been completed de-slag the weld deposit and begin
the second run at the bottom. This time a slight weaving motion is necessary to cover the first run and
obtain good fusion at the edges. At the completion of each side motion, pause for a moment to allow
weld metal to build up at the edges, otherwise undercut will form and too much metal will accumulate
in the centre of the weld. Figure 4-26 illustrates multi-run technique and Figure 4-27 shows the effects
of pausing at the edge of weave and of weaving too rapidly.
Manual 0-5205 4-15
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
Art # A-07701
Figure 4-25: Single Run Vertical Fillet Weld
Art # A-07702
Figure 4-26: Multi Run Vertical Fillet Weld
Art # A-07703
Figure 4-27: Examples of Vertical Fillet Welds
2. Vertical Down
The Ferrocraft 21 electrode makes welding in this position particularly easy. Use a 3.2mm electrode at
100 amps. The tip of the electrode is held in light contact with the work and the speed of downward
travel is regulated so that the tip of the electrode just keeps ahead of the slag. The electrode should
point upwards at an angle of about 45º.
3. Overhead Welds
Apart from the rather awkward position necessary, overhead welding is not much more difficult that
downhand welding. Set up a specimen for overhead welding by first tacking a length of angle iron at
right angles to another piece of angle iron or a length of waste pipe. Then tack this to the work bench
or hold in a vice so that the specimen is positioned in the overhead position as shown in the sketch.
The electrode is held at 45º to the horizontal and tilted 10º in the line of travel (Figure 4-28). The tip of
the electrode may be touched lightly on the metal, which helps to give a steady run. A weave technique
is not advisable for overhead fillet welds. Use a 3.2mm Ferrocraft 12XP electrode at 100 amps, and
deposit the first run by simply drawing the electrode along at a steady rate. You will notice that the
weld deposit is rather convex, due to the effect of gravity before the metal freezes.
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
4-16
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
Art # A-07704
Figure 4-28: Overhead Fillet Weld
Distortion
Distortion in some degree is present in all forms of welding. In many cases it is so small that it is barely
perceptible, but in other cases allowance has to be made before welding commences for the distortion that
will subsequently occur. The study of distortion is so complex that only a brief outline can be attempted hear.
The Cause of Distortion
Distortion is caused by:
A. Contraction of Weld Metal:
Molten steel shrinks approximately 11 per cent in volume on cooling to room temperature. This means
that a cube of molten metal would contract approximately 2.2 per cent in each of its three dimensions. In
a welded joint, the metal becomes attached to the side of the joint and cannot contract freely. Therefore,
cooling causes the weld metal to flow plastically, that is, the weld itself has to stretch if it is to overcome
the effect of shrinking volume and still be attached to the edge of the joint. If the restraint is very great,
as, for example, in a heavy section of plate, the weld metal may crack. Even in cases where the weld
metal does not crack, there will still remain stresses "Locked-up" in the structure. If the joint material is
relatively weak, for example, a butt joint in 2.0mm sheet, the contracting weld metal may cause the sheet
to become distorted.
B. Expansion and Contraction of Parent Metal in the Fusion Zone:
While welding is proceeding, a relatively small volume of the adjacent plate material is heated to a very
high temperature and attempts to expand in all directions. It is able to do this freely at right angles to the
surface of the plate (i.e., "through the weld", but when it attempts to expand "across the weld" or "along the
weld", it meets considerable resistance, and to fulfil the desire for continued expansion, it has to deform
plastically, that is, the metal adjacent to the weld is at a high temperature and hence rather soft, and, by
expanding, pushes against the cooler, harder metal further away, and tends to bulge (or is "upset". When
the weld area begins to cool, the "upset" metal attempts to contract as much as it expanded, but, because
it has been "upset" it does not resume its former shape, and the contraction of the new shape exerts a
strong pull on adjacent metal. Several things can then happen.
The metal in the weld area is stretched (plastic deformation), the job may be pulled out of shape by the
powerful contraction stresses (distortion), or the weld may crack, in any case, there will remain "lockedup" stresses in the job. Figures 4-29 and 4- 30 illustrate how distortion is created.
Upsetting
Weld
Art # A-07705_AB
Expansion with
compression
Hot
Hot
Cool
Figure 4-29: Parent Metal Expansion
Manual 0-5205 4-17
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
Weld
Art # A-07706_AC
Permanent Upset
Contraction
with tension
Figure 4-30: Parent Metal Contraction
Overcoming Distortion Effects
There are several methods of minimizing distortion effects.
A.Peening
This is done by hammering the weld while it is still hot. The weld metal is flattened slightly and because of
this the tensile stresses are reduced a little. The effect of peening is relatively shallow, and is not advisable
on the last layer.
B. Distribution of Stresses
Distortion may be reduced by selecting a welding sequence which will distribute the stresses suitably so
that they tend to cancel each other out. See Figures 4-30 through 4-33 for various weld sequences. Choice
of a suitable weld sequence is probably the most effective method of overcoming distortion, although an
unsuitable sequence may exaggerate it. Simultaneous welding of both sides of a joint by two welders is
often successful in eliminating distortion.
C. Restraint of Parts
Forcible restraint of the components being welded is often used to prevent distortion. Jigs, positions, and
tack welds are methods employed with this in view.
D.Presetting
It is possible in some cases to tell from past experience or to find by trial and error (or less frequently, to
calculate) how much distortion will take place in a given welded structure. By correct pre-setting of the
components to be welded, constructional stresses can be made to pull the parts into correct alignment.
A simple example is shown in Figure 4-31.
E.Preheating
Suitable preheating of parts of the structure other than the area to be welded can be sometimes used to
reduce distortion. Figure 4-32 shows a simple application. By removing the heating source from b and c as
soon as welding is completed, the sections b and c will contract at a similar rate, thus reducing distortion.
Art # A-07707
Figure 4-31: Principle of Presetting
Art # A-07708
B
Preheat
C
Weld
Preheat
Dotted lines show effect if no preheat is used
Figure 4-32: Reduction of Distortion by Preheating
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
4-18
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
Art # A-07709
Figure 4-33: Examples of Distortion
3
2
1
Art # A-07710_AB
Block Sequence.
The spaces between the welds are
filled in when the welds are cool.
Figure 4-34: Welding Sequence
4
2
3
1
Art # A-07711_AB
Figure 4-35: Step back Sequence
Art # A-07712
Figure 4-36: Chain Intermittent Welding
Art # A-07713_AB
Figure 4-37: Staggered Intermittent Welding
Manual 0-5205 4-19
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
Electrode Selection Chart (Further information on CIGWELD electrodes can be found at the website www.cigweld.com.au.)
CIGWELD Electrode Selection Chart
Description
Diameter
Pack
Part No.
2.5mm
2.5mm
3.2mm
3.2mm
4.0mm
2.0mm
2.0mm
2.5mm
2.5mm
3.2mm
3.2mm
4.0mm
2.0mm
2.0mm
2.5mm
2.5mm
2.5mm
3.2mm
3.2mm
3.2mm
4.0mm
2.5mm
2.5mm
3.2mm
3.2mm
4.0mm
2.5mm
3.2mm
4.0mm
2.5mm
3.2mm
4.0mm
2.0mm
2.5mm
3.2mm
2.5/3.2mm
4.0mm
2.5mm
3.2mm
2.5/3.2mm
4.0mm
1kg
2.5kg
1kg
2.5kg
5kg
1kg
2.5kg
1kg
2.5kg
1kg
2.5kg
5kg
1 kg
2.5 kg
1 kg
2.5 kg
5 kg
1 kg
2.5 kg
5 kg
5 kg
2.5kg
5 kg
2.5kg
5 kg
5 kg
2.5 kg
2.5 kg
2.5 kg
2.5 kg
2.5 kg
2.5 kg
2,5 kg
2.5 kg
2.5 kg
Blisterpack
2.5 kg
2.5 kg
2.5 kg
Blisterpack
2.5 kg
322135
612182
322136
612183
611184
322128
612231
322129
612232
322138
612233
611234
WEG1020
WEG2520
WEG1025
WEG2525
WEG5025
WEG1032
WEG2532
WEG5032
WEG5040
612752
611752
612753
611753
611754
611602
611603
611604
611692
611693
611694
611661
611662
611663
322215
611664
611702
611703
322216
611704
Castcraft 55
3.2mm
4.0mm
2.5 kg
2.5 kg
611723
611724
For repair and maintenance welding of S.G. cast iron,
meehanite and other cast irons. It produces high
strength weld than Castcraft 100.
Castcraft 100
2.5mm
3.2mm
2.5/3.2mm
4.0mm
2.5 kg
2.5 kg
Blisterpack
2.5 kg
611732
611733
322217
611734
Soft, Ductile Nickel type electrode for repair and
maintenance welding of a wide range of cast irons. It
has better “wetting” action than Castcraft 55.
Satincraft 13
Ferrocraft
12XP
WeldSkill GP
Ferrocraft 16
Twincoat
Satincrome
308L-17
Satincrome
309Mo-17
Satincrome
316L-17
Weldall
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
Application
General purpose electrode suitable for all positional
welding and galvanised steel.
General purpose, Xtra performance electrode
recommended for all positional (inc. Vertical down)
welding of mild and galvanised steel.
User-friendly GP electrode for welding thin section
mild and galvanised steels. Excellent for vertical down
fillet welding applications.
Hydrogen Controlled type offering exceptional AC/DC
performance in all welding positions.
Stainless Steel type for 19Cr/10Ni stainless grades
including 201, 202, 301, 302, 303, 304, 304L, 305,
308, etc
Stainless Steel type for 309 and 309L grades. It is also
suitable for welding of dissimilar welding of other 300
series stainless steels.
Stainless Steel type for welding of matching Mo
bearing grades, 316 and 316L.
High alloy stainless steel type for welding of unknown
steels, repair of die or tool steels and for joining
dissimilar steels. (Not recommended for cast iron).
Table 4-4: Cigweld Electrode Selection Chart
4-20
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
4.04 Stick (MMAW) Welding Troubleshooting
FAULT
1 Welding current
varying
CAUSE
REMEDY
ARC FORCE control knob
is set at a value that
causes the welding current
to vary excessively with
the arc length.
A Welding current too low
2 A gap is left by
failure of the weld B Electrode too large for
metal to fill the
joint.
root of the weld.
C Insufficient gap.
Reduce the ARC FORCE control knob until welding current is reasonably constant while prohibiting the electrode from sticking to the work piece
when you “dig” the electrode into the workpiece.
A Increase welding current.
B Use smaller diameter electrode.
C Allow wider gap.
3 Non-metallic par- A Non-metallic particles may A If a bad undercut is present clean slag bout and
ticles are trapped
be trapped in undercut
cover with a run from a smaller gauge electrode.
in the weld metal.
from previous run.
B Joint preparation too
restricted.
B Allow for adequate penetration and room for
cleaning out the slag.
C Irregular deposits allow
slag to be trapped.
C If very bad, chip or grind out irregularities.
D Lack of penetration with D Use smaller electrode with sufficient current to
slag trapped beneath weld
give adequate penetration. Use suitable tools to
bead.
remove all slag from comers.
E Rust or mill scale is preventing full fusion.
E Clean joint before welding.
F Wrong electrode for posi- F Use electrodes designed for position in which
tion in which welding is
welding is done, otherwise proper control of slag
done.
is difficult.
Figure 1-Example of insufficient gap or incorrect sequence
4 A groove has been A Welding current is too
formed in the base
high.
metal adjacent to B Welding arc is too long.
the toe of a weld
and has not been
filled by the weld C Angle of the electrode is
incorrect.
metal (undercut).
D Joint preparation does not
allow correct electrode
angle.
E Electrode too large for
joint.
A Reduce welding current.
B Reduce the length of the welding arc.
C Electrode should not be inclined less than 45° to
the vertical face.
D Allow more room in joint for manipulation of the
electrode.
E Use smaller gauge electrode.
F Insufficient deposit time at F Pause for a moment at edge of weave to allow
edge of weave.
weld metal buildup.
G Power source is set for
MIG (GMAW) welding.
Manual 0-5205 G Set power source to STICK (MMAW) mode.
4-21
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
5 Portions of the
A Small electrodes used on A Use larger electrodes and preheat the plate.
weld run do not
heavy cold plate.
fuse to the surface
B Welding current is too low. B Increase welding current.
of the metal or
C Adjust angle so the welding arc is directed more
edge of the joint. C Wrong electrode angle.
into the base metal.
D Travel speed of electrode
is too high.
D Reduce travel speed of electrode.
E Scale or dirt on joint
surface.
E Clean surface before welding.
Figure 2: Example of Lack of Fusion
6 Gas pockets or
voids in weld
metal (porosity)
A High levels of sulphur in
steel.
A Use an electrode that is designed for high sulphur steels.
B Electrodes are damp.
B Dry electrodes before use.
C Welding current is too
high.
C Reduce welding current.
D Surface impurities such as D Clean joint before welding.
oil, grease, paint, etc.
E Welding in a windy environment.
E Shield the weld area from the wind.
F Electrode damaged ie flux F Discard damaged electrodes and only use eleccoating incomplete.
trodes with a complete flux coating.
7 Crack occurring in A Rigidity of joint.
weld metal soon
after solidification B Insufficient throat thickcommences
ness.
C Weld current is too high.
A Redesign to relieve weld joint of severe stresses
or use crack resistance electrodes.
B Travel slightly slower to allow greater build up in
throat.
C Decrease welding current.
Figure 3: Example of Slag Inclusion
Table 4-5: Welding Problems MMAW (Stick)
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
4-22
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
4.05 TIG (GTAW) Basic Welding Technique
Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW) or TIG (Tungsten Inert Gas) as it is commonly referred to, is a welding
process in which fusion is produced by an electric arc that is established between a single tungsten (nonconsumable) electrode and the work piece. Shielding is obtained from a welding grade shielding gas or welding
grade shielding gas mixture which is generally Argon based. A filler metal may also be added manually in some
circumstances depending on the welding application.
A-09658_AB
Work Piece
Can Be Any Commercial
Metal
Gas Cup
Either Ceramic,
High-lmpact or
Water Cooled
Metal
Tungsten Electrode
Non-Consumable
Welds Made With or Without
Addition of Filler Metal
Inert Gas
Shields Electrode
and Weld Puddle
Figure 4-38: TIG Welding Application Shot
Tungsten Electrode Current Ranges
Electrode Diameter
DC Current (Amps)
0.040” (1.0mm)
30-60
1/16” (1.6mm)
60-115
3/32” (2.4mm)
100-165
1/8” (3.2mm)
135-200
5/32” (4.0mm)
190-280
3/16” (4.8mm)
250-340
Table 4-6: Current Ranges for Various Tungsten Electrode Sizes
Guide for Selecting Filler Wire Diameter
Filler Wire Diameter DC Current Range (Amps)
1/16” (1.6mm)
20-90
3/32” (2.4mm)
65-115
1/8” (3.2mm)
100-165
3/16” (4.8mm)
200-350
Table 4-7: Filler Wire Selection Guide
Manual 0-5205 4-23
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
Tungsten Electrode Types
Electrode Type
(Ground Finish)
Welding Application
Features
Colour Code
Thoriated 2%
DC welding of mild
steel, stainless steel
and copper
Excellent arc starting,
Long life, High current
carrying capacity
Red
Zirconated 1%
High quality AC welding of aluminium,
magnesium and their
alloys.
Self cleaning, Long
life, Maintains balled
end, High current carrying capacity.
White
Ceriated 2%
AC & DC welding of
mild steel, stainless
steel, copper, aluminium, magnesium and
their alloys
Longer life, More
stable arc, Easier
starting, Wider current
range, Narrower more
concentrated arc.
Grey
Table 4-8
NOTE
The Transmig 350i, 450i, 550i Inverter is not suited for AC Tig welding.
TIG Welding Filler Rods
Comweld Aust Std
Rod
AWS Std
Part No.
1.6mm
Part No.
2.4mm
Part No.
3.2mm
Type/Application
LW1
LW1-6
Supersteel
R4
R6
R2
ER70S-4
ER70S-6
ER70S-2
321411
321417
321370
—
—
—
—
—
—
For mild-medium strength steels.
Pipes, tubing, roll cages, etc.
CrMo1
CrMo2
RB2
RB3
ER80S-B2
ER90S-B3
—
—
321379
321383
—
—
For welding of high strength Cr-Mo
steels used at elevated temperatures.
308L
309L
316L
R308L
R309L
R316L
ER308L
ER309L
ER316L
321406
321403
321400
321407
321404
321401
—
—
—
For stainless steels. Stainless pipes,
tubing, architectural uses, etc.
Table 4-9
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
4-24
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
Base Metal
Thickness
DC Current DC Current
for Mild for Stainless
Steel
Steel
Tungsten
Electrode
Diameter
Filler Rod
Diameter (if
required)
Argon Gas
Flow Rate
Litres/min
Joint Type
0.040”
1.0mm
35-45
40-50
20-30
25-35
0.040”
1.0mm
1/16”
1.6mm
5-7
Butt/Corner
Lap/Fillet
0.045”
1.2mm
45-55
50-60
30-45
35-50
0.040”
1.0mm
1/16”
1.6mm
5-7
Butt/Corner
Lap/Fillet
1/16”
1.6mm
60-70
70-90
40-60
50-70
1/16”
1.6mm
1/16”
1.6mm
7
Butt/Corner
Lap/Fillet
1/8”
3.2mm
80-100
90-115
65-85
90-110
1/16”
1.6mm
3/32”
2.4mm
7
Butt/Corner
Lap/Fillet
3/16”
4.8mm
115-135
140-165
100-125
125-150
3/32”
2.4mm
1/8”
3.2mm
10
Butt/Corner
Lap/Fillet
1/4”
6.4mm
160-175
170-200
135-160
160-180
1/8”
3.2mm
Table 4-10
5/32”
4.0mm
10
Butt/Corner
Lap/Fillet
TIG Welding is generally regarded as a specialised process that requires operator competency. While many of
the principles outlined in the previous Arc Welding section are applicable a comprehensive outline of the TIG
Welding process is outside the scope of this Operating Manual. For further information please refer to www.
cigweld.com or contact Cigweld.
Manual 0-5205 4-25
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
4.06 TIG (GTAW) Welding Problems
FAULT
CAUSE
REMEDY
1 Excessive beard build up
or poor penetration or poor
fusion at edges of weld.
Welding current is too
low
Increase weld current and/or faulty joint
preparation.
2 Weld bead too wide and
flat or undercut at edges
of weld or excessive burn
through.
Welding current is too
high
Decrease weld current.
3 Weld bead too small or
insufficient penetration or
ripples in bead are widely
spaced apart.
Travel speed too fast
Reduce travel speed.
4 Weld bead too wide or
excessive bead build up or
excessive penetration in
butt joint.
Travel speed too slow
Increase travel speed.
5 Uneven leg length in fillet
joint
Wrong placement of
filler rod
Re-position filler rod.
6 Electrode melts or oxidises A Torch lead connected
when an arc is struck.
to positive welding
terminal.
A Connect torch lead to negative welding
terminal.
B No gas flowing to weld- B Check the gas lines for kinks or breaks
ing region.
and gas cylinder contents.
C Torch is clogged with
dust or dirt.
C Clean torch.
D Gas hose is cut.
D Replace gas hose.
E Gas passage contains
impurities.
E Disconnect gas hose from the rear of
Power Source then raise gas pressure
and blow out impurities.
F Gas regulator turned
off.
F Turn on.
G Torch valve is turned
off.
G Turn on.
H The electrode is too
small for the welding
current.
H Increase electrode diameter or reduce the
welding current.
I Power source is set for I Set Power Source to Lift TIG mode.
MIG welding.
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
4-26
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
7 Dirty weld pool
A Electrode contaminated A Clean the electrode by grinding off the
by contact with work
contaminates.
piece or filler rod material.
B Work piece surface has B Clean surface.
foreign material on it.
C Gas contaminated with C Check gas lines for cuts and loose fitting
air.
or change gas cylinder.
8 Poor weld finish
9 Arc start is not smooth.
Inadequate shielding
gas.
Increase gas flow or check gas line for
gas flow problems.
A Tungsten electrode is A Select the right size electrode. Refer to
too large for the weldTable 4-6 Cigweld Electrode Selection
ing current.
Chart.
B The wrong electrode
is being used for the
welding job.
B Select the right electrode type. Refer to
Table 4-8 Cigweld Electrode Selection
Chart.
C Gas flow rate is too
high.
C Select the right rate for the welding job.
Refer to Table 4-10.
D Incorrect shielding gas D Select the right shielding gas.
is being used.
E Poor work clamp con- E Improve connection to work piece.
nection to work piece.
10 Arc flutters during TIG
welding.
Tungsten electrode is
too large for the welding current.
Select the right size electrode. Refer to
Table 4-6 Cigweld Electrode Selection
Chart.
Table 4-11: GTAW (TIG) Welding Problems
Manual 0-5205 4-27
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
4-28
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
SECTION 5:
POWER SOURCE PROBLEMS AND ROUTINE SERVICE
REQUIREMENTS
5.01 Power Source / Wirefeeder Problems
FAULT
1 Mains supply voltage is
ON, power indicator is
illuminated however unit
will not commence welding
when the torch trigger
switch is depressed.
2 Mains supply voltage is
ON. Indicator light is not lit
and welding arc cannot be
established.
3 Fault Indicator is illuminated
and unit will not commence
welding when the torch
trigger switch is depressed.
CAUSE
A Power source is not in the
correct mode of operation.
B Faulty torch trigger.
A Primary fuse is blown.
B Broken connection in primary
circuit.
Duty cycle of power source has
been exceeded.
4 Wirefeeder will not feed wire A Electrode wire stuck in conduit
in MIG mode.
liner or contact tip (burn-back
jam).
B Internal fault in power source
5 Wire continues to feed when A Trigger mode selection is in 4T
torch trigger released
6 Wire feeds when the
torch trigger switch is
depressed but arc cannot be
established.
7 Inconsistent wire feed
(LATCH) mode(10 Pin socket
only)
B Torch trigger leads shorted
REMEDY
A Set the power source to the
correct mode of operation with
the process selection switch.
B Repair or replace torch trigger
switch/lead.
A Replace primary fuse.
B Have an Accredited CIGWELD
Service Agent check primary
circuit.
Leave the power source
switched ON and allow it to
cool. Note that fault indicator
must be extinguished prior to
commencement of welding.
A Check for clogged / kinked MIG
torch conduit liner or worn
contact tip. Replace faulty
components.
B Have an Accredited CIGWELD
Service Provider investigate the
fault.
A Change to 2T (NORMAL) mode
B Repair or replace Torch /
trigger lead
Poor or no work lead contact.
Clean work clamp area and
ensure good electrical contact.
A Worn or dirty contact tip
B Worn feed roll.
C Excessive back tension from
wire reel hub.
D Worn, kinked or dirty conduit
liner
A Replace contact tip
B Replace feed roll
C Reduce brake tension on spool
hub
D Clean or replace conduit liner
8 Wire does not feed when
Faulty trigger switch / lead
Repair or replace Torch /
trigger lead
9 TIG electrode melts when
TIG torch is connected to
the (+) VE terminal.
Connect the TIG torch to the (-)
VE terminal.
Tungsten electrode is too
large for the welding current.
Select the correct size of
tungsten
electrode.
torch trigger depressed
arc is struck.
10 Arc flutters during TIG
welding.
Manual 0-5205 5-1
POWER SOURCE PROBLEMS AND ROUTINE SERVICE REQUIREMENTS
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
5.02 Routine Service and Calibration Requirements
!
WARNING
There are extremely dangerous voltage and power levels present inside this Inverter Power Source.
Do not attempt to open or repair unless you are an accredited CIGWELD Service Provider. Disconnect the Welding Power Source from the Mains Supply Voltage before disassembling.
Routine Inspection, Testing & Maintenance
The inspection and testing of the power source and associated accessories shall be carried out in accordance
with Section 5 of AS 1674.2 - 2007: Safety in Welding and Allied Processes-Part 2 Electrical. This includes an
insulation resistance test and an earthing test to ensure the integrity of the unit is compliant with Cigweld's
original specifications.
If equipment is to be used in a hazardous location or environments with a high risk of electrocution as outlined
in AS 1674.2 - 2007, then the above tests should be carried out prior to entering this location.
A. Testing Schedule
1. For transportable equipment, at least once every 3 months; and
2. For fixed equipment, at least once every 12 months.
The owners of the equipment shall keep a suitable record of the periodic tests and a system of tagging,
including the date of the most recent inspection.
A transportable power source is deemed to be any equipment that is not permanently connected and fixed
in the position in which it is operated.
B. Insulation Resistance
Minimum insulation resistance for in-service Cigweld Inverter Power Sources shall be measured at a voltage
of 500V between the parts referred to in Table 6-1below. Power sources that do not meet the insulation
resistance requirements set out below shall be withdrawn from service and not returned until repairs have
been performed such that the requirements outlined below are met.
Components to be Tested
Minimum Insulation
Resistance (MΩ)
Input circuit (including any connected control circuits) to welding circuit
(including any connected control circuits)
5
All circuits to exposed conductive parts
2.5
Welding circuit (including any connected control circuits) to any auxiliary
circuit which operates at a voltage exceeding extra low voltage
10
Welding circuit (including any connected control circuits) to any auxiliary
circuit which operates at a voltage not exceeding extra low voltage
1
1
Separate welding circuit to separate welding circuit
Table 5-2: Minimum Insulation Resistance Requirements: Cigweld Inverter Power Sources
C.Earthing
The resistance shall not exceed 1Ω between any metal of a power source where such metal is required
to be earthed, and 1. The earth terminal of a fixed power source; or
2. The earth terminal of the associated plug of a transportable power source
POWER SOURCE PROBLEMS AND ROUTINE SERVICE REQUIREMENTS 5-2
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
Note that due to the dangers of stray output currents damaging fixed wiring, the integrity of fixed wiring
supplying Cigweld welding power sources should be inspected by a licensed electrical worker in accordance
with the requirements below 1. For outlets/wiring and associated accessories supplying transportable equipment - at least once
every 3 months; and
2. For outlets/wiring and associated accessories supplying fixed equipment - at least once every 12
months.
D. Voltage Reduction Device (VRD)
Units fitted with VRD's, shall have the periodic tests outlined in Table 6-2 below conducted by an accredited
CIGWELD service provider. Testing shall be conducted at intervals as outlined below 1. For transportable equipment, at least once every 3 months; and
2. For fixed equipment, at least once every 12 months.
Description
Required Parameters
VRD Open Circuit Voltage Less than 35V; at nominal input voltage
VRD Turn OFF Resistance
Less than 200 ohms
VRD Turn ON Time
Less than 0.3 seconds
Table 5-3: VRD Periodic Tests
E. General Maintenance Checks
Welding equipment should be regularly checked by an accredited Cigweld Service Provider to ensure that:
1. Flexible cord is of the multi-core tough rubber or plastic sheathed type of adequate rating, correctly
connected and in good condition.
2. Welding terminals are in suitable condition and are shrouded to prevent inadvertent contact or short
circuit.
3. The Welding System is clean internally, especially from metal filing, slag, and loose material.
F.Accessories
Accessory equipment, including output leads, electrode holders, torches, wire feeders and the like shall be
inspected at least monthly by a competent person to ensure that the equipment is in a safe and serviceable
condition. All unsafe accessories shall not be used.
G.Repairs
If any parts are damaged for any reason, it is recommended that replacement be performed by an accredited Cigweld Service Provider.
Power Source Calibration
A.Schedule
Output testing of all Cigweld Inverter Power Sources and applicable accessories shall be conducted at
regular intervals to ensure they fall within specified levels. Calibration intervals shall be as outlined below 1. For transportable equipment, at least once every 3 months; and
2. For fixed equipment, at least once every 12 months.
If equipment is to be used in a hazardous location or environments with a high risk of electrocution as
outlined in AS 1674.2 - 2007, then the above tests should be carried out prior to entering this location.
Manual 0-5205 5-3
POWER SOURCE PROBLEMS AND ROUTINE SERVICE REQUIREMENTS
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
B. Calibration Requirements
Where applicable, the tests outlined in Table 6-3 below shall be conducted by an accredited CIGWELD
service agent.
Testing Requirements
Output current (A) to be checked to ensure it falls within applicable Cigweld power source specifications
Output Voltage (V) to be checked to ensure it falls within applicable Cigweld power source specifications
Motor Speed (RPM) of wire drive motors to be checked to ensure it falls within required Cigweld power
source / wire feeder specifications
Accuracy of digital meters to be checked to ensure it falls within applicable Cigweld power source specifications
Table 5-4: Calibration Parameters
Periodic calibration of other parameters such as timing functions are not required unless a specific fault
has been identified.
C. Calibration Equipment
All equipment used for Power Source calibration shall be in proper working condition and be suitable for
conducting the measurement in question. Only test equipment with valid calibration certificates (NATA
certified laboratories) shall be utilized.
5.03 Cleaning the Welding Power Source
!
WARNING
There are dangerous voltage and power levels present inside this product. Do not attempt to open
or repair unless you are a qualified electrical tradesperson. Disconnect the Welding Power Source
from the Mains Supply Voltage before disassembling.
To clean the Welding Power Source, open the enclosure and use a vacuum cleaner to remove any accumulated
dirt, metal filings, slag and loose material. Keep the shunt and lead screw surfaces clean as accumulated foreign
material may reduce the welders output welding current.
5.04 Cleaning the Feed Rolls
Clean the grooves in the drive rolls frequently. This can be done by using a small wire brush. Also wipe off, or
clean the grooves on the upper feed roll. After cleaning, tighten the feed roll retaining knobs.
CAUTION
Do not use compressed air to clean the Welding Power Source. Compressed air can force metal
particles to lodge between live electrical parts and earthed metal parts within the Welding Power
Source. This may result in arcing between this parts and their eventual failure.
POWER SOURCE PROBLEMS AND ROUTINE SERVICE REQUIREMENTS 5-4
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
SECTION 6:
KEY SPARE PARTS
6.01 Power Source
A-10642
Figure 6-1
Item
1
1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
10
10
10
11
Manual 0-5205 Part Number
W7005202
W7005208
W7005209
W7005210
W7005206
W7005205
W7005207
W7005211
W7005212
W7005213
W7005214
W7005215
W7005216
W7005217
W7005230
W7005218
Description
PCB, main control 550i
PCB, main control 450i
PCB, main control 350i
Filter, EMC (all models)
PCB, display (all models)
PCB, Filter EMC (all models)
PCB, diode snubber (all models)
Auxiliary transformer T2 (all models)
Auxiliary transformer T3 (all models)
Capacitor, Silver (all models)
Diode, Welding (all models)
Inverter transformer 550i
Inverter transformer 450i
Inverter transformer 350i Power Source Part No. W1005352
Inverter transformer 350i Power Source Part No. W1005359
Inductor (all models)
Table 6-1 Key Spare Parts
6-1
KEY SPARE PARTS
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
A-10643_AB
Item
12
13
14
14
15
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
Part
Number
W7005219
W7005201
W7005203
W7005228
W7005204
W7005229
W7005220
W7005221
W7005222
W7005223
W7005224
W7005225
W7005226
W7005227
Description
Sensor, Hall Effect (all models)
PCB, IGBT driver (all models)
PCB, IGBT snubber (all models) except 350i Power Source Part No. W1005359
PCB, IGBT snubber 350i Power Source Part No. W1005359
PCB, current transformer (all models)except 350i Power Source Part No. W1005359
PCB, current transformer 350i Power Source Part No. W1005359
Relay, Solid State (all models)
Fan, 230V Transmig (all models)
IGBT (all models)
Input rectifier bridge (all models)
Capacitor, Poly, 20uF (all models)
Capacitor, Poly, 5uF (all models)
Welding Current DINSE Terminal (all models)
Varistor 550V 25Dia
Table 6-2 Key Spare Parts
KEY SPARE PARTS
6-2
Manual 0-5205
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i,550i
SECTION 7:
Volt/ampERE curves
7.01 Volt/Amp Curves
70
MMAW (Stick)
60
Output Voltage
50
40
30
MIN
TRANSMIG 550i
MAX
TRANSMIG 450i
20
TRANSMIG 350i
MAX ARC FORCE
10
0
MIN ARC
FORCE
100
200
300
400
500
600
Welding Current (amps)
70
GTAW (Lift Tig)
60
Output Voltage
50
40
30
MIN
TRANSMIG 550i
MAX
20
TRANSMIG 450i
10
TRANSMIG 350i
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
Welding Current (amps)
70
GMAW (Mig)
60
Output Voltage
50
MAX
40
TRANSMIG 550i
30
TRANSMIG 450i
20
MIN
10
0
TRANSMIG 350i
100
200
300
400
500
Welding Current (amps)
600
A-10644
Table 7-1 Volt/Amp Curves
Manual 0-5205 7-1
VOLT/AMP CURVES
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
VOLT/AMP CURVES
7-2
Manual 0-5205
E
L3
L2
FAN 230VAC
CB1
CB1
8-1
TS1
RLY1
CB2
EMC FILTER
C13
1
2T3
1
2
3T2
6
26V
5
9
34V
8
34V
7
4
42V
3
9
19V
8
19V
7
13
10V
12
6
19V
5
19V
4
B
A
1X1-9
1X1-8
1X1-6 & 7
1X1-1 & 2
1X1-4 & 5
1X3-1
1X3-3
1X3-4
1X3-5
1X13-3
1X13-2
1X13-1
2X1-2
2X1-3
2X1-1
G1 E1
NEGATIVE
R1
C2
C3
G3 E3
IGBT DRIVE
W7005202
E2
G2
G4 E4
20UF 20UF
W7005201
R2
E1
G1
X4-E
X4-S
X4-F
MAIN CONTROL BOARD
G2 E2
4 X 20UF
C1
RA1
2X2-3
1X11-2
INPUT
RECTIFIER
2X2-4
1X11-3
W7005205
1X11-4
CB1
1X11-5
L1
1X11-6
Manual 0-5205 1X11-7
POSITIVE
1X5-1
1X5-2
1X5-3
1X5-4
1X5-5
1X5-6
1X5-7
1X5-8
1X5-9
1X2-1
1X2-2
1X2-3
1X2-4
1X2-5
1X2-6
1X2-7
1X2-8
1X4-1
1X4-2
1X4-3
1X4-4
1X4-5
1X4-6
1X7
1X6
1X12-1
1X12-3
2X3-2
2X3-1
Q1B
Q1A
3X2
3X1
R3
C8
C6
DISPLAY BOARD
W7005206
CT1
W7005204
IGBT SNUBBER
C5
C4
W7005203
3X3-2
3X3-1
E4
G4
E3
G3
B
A
RA2
C7
Q2B
Q2A
5UF
T1
C10
R4
RA3
D1
C9
W7005207
R5
D2
CT2
X4-S
X4-F
X4-E
HALL EFFECT
RA4
4A
CB3
5A
CB4
8A
CB6
4A
CB5
C12
C11
R6
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
J
K
L
M
N
P
R
S
T
U
V
X4
19 PIN
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
X3
NEGATIVE
WELDING TERMINALS
10 PIN
R7
POSITIVE
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
SECTION 8: CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
8.01 CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
A-10647_AC
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
8-1
Manual 0-52052
CIGWELD - LIMITED WARRANTY TERMS
LIMITED WARRANTY: CIGWELD Pty Ltd, A Victor Technologies Company, hereafter, “CIGWELD” warrants to
customers of its authorized distributors hereafter “Purchaser” that its products will be free of defects in workmanship or material. Should any failure to conform to this warranty appear within the time period applicable to
the CIGWELD products as stated below, CIGWELD shall, upon notification thereof and substantiation that the
product has been stored, installed, operated, and maintained in accordance with CIGWELD’s specifications,
instructions, recommendations and recognized standard industry practice, and not subject to misuse, repair,
neglect, alteration, or accident, correct such defects by suitable repair or replacement, at CIGWELD’s sole
option, of any components or parts of the product determined by CIGWELD to be defective.
CIGWELD MAKES NO OTHER WARRANTY, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. THIS WARRANTY IS EXCLUSIVE AND
IN LIEU OF ALL OTHERS, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR
FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
LIMITATION OF LIABILITY: CIGWELD SHALL NOT UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES BE LIABLE FOR SPECIAL,
INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SUCH AS, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, LOST PROFITS AND BUSINESS
INTERRUPTION. The remedies of the Purchaser set forth herein are exclusive and the liability of CIGWELD
with respect to any contract, or anything done in connection therewith such as the performance or breach
thereof, or from the manufacture, sale, delivery, resale, or use of any goods covered by or furnished by CIGWELD whether arising out of contract, negligence, strict tort, or under any warranty, or otherwise, shall not,
except as expressly provided herein, exceed the price of the goods upon which such liability is based. No
employee, agent, or representative of CIGWELD is authorized to change this warranty in any way or grant any
other warranty.
PURCHASER’S RIGHTS UNDER THIS WARRANTY ARE VOID IF REPLACEMENT PARTS OR ACCESSORIES
ARE USED WHICH IN CIGWELD’S SOLE JUDGEMENT MAY IMPAIR THE SAFETY OR PERFORMANCE OF ANY
CIGWELD PRODUCT. PURCHASER’S RIGHTS UNDER THIS WARRANTY ARE VOID IF THE PRODUCT IS SOLD
TO PURCHASER BY NON-AUTHORIZED PERSONS.
The warranty is effective for the time stated below beginning on the date that the authorized distributor delivers
the products to the Purchaser. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in no event shall the warranty period extend
more than the time stated plus one year from the date CIGWELD delivered the product to the authorized
distributor.
TERMS OF WARRANTY – JULY 2011
1. The Trade Practices Act 1974 (Commonwealth) and similar State Territory legislation relating to the supply
of goods and services, protects consumers’ interests by ensuring that consumers are entitled in certain
situations to the benefit of various conditions, warranties, guarantees, rights and remedies (including warranties as to merchantability and fitness for purpose) associated with the supply of goods and services.
A consumer should seek legal advice as to the nature and extent of these protected interests. In some
circumstances, the supplier of goods and services may legally stipulate that the said conditions, warranties, guarantees, rights and remedies are limited or entirely excluded. The warranties set out in Clause 2
shall be additional to any nonexcludable warranties to which the Customer may be entitled pursuant to any
statute.
2. Subject to Clause 3. CIGWELD gives the following warranties to the Customer:
Insofar as they are manufactured or imported by CIGWELD, goods will upon delivery be of merchantable
quality and reasonably fit for the purpose for which they are supplied by CIGWELD.
CIGWELD will repair or, at its option, replace those of the goods which, upon examination, are found by
CIGWELD to be defective in workmanship and/or materials.
CIGWELD reserves the right to request documented evidence of date of purchase.
3. The Warranty in Clause 2;
Is conditional upon:
The Customer notifying CIGWELD or our Accredited Distributor in writing of its claim within seven (7) days
of becoming aware of the basis thereof, and at its own expense returning the goods which are the subject
of the claim to CIGWELD or nominated Accredited Distributor/Accredited Service Provider. The goods being
used in accordance with the Manufacturer’s Operating Manuals, and under competent supervision.
Does not apply to:
Obsolete goods sold at auction, second-hand goods and prototype goods.
Breakdown or malfunction caused by accident, misuse or normal wear and tear.
Repairs or replacement made other than by CIGWELD or Accredited Service Providers, unless by prior
arrangement with CIGWELD.
Replacement parts or accessories which may affect product safety or performance and which are not
manufactured, distributed or approved by CIGWELD.
4. CIGWELD declares that, to the extent permitted by law, it hereby limits its liability in respect of the supply of
goods which are not of a kind ordinarily acquired for personal, domestic or household use or consumption
to any one or more of the following (the choice of which shall be at the option of CIGWELD).
The replacement of the goods or the supply of equivalent goods.
The repair of goods.
The payment of cost of replacing the goods or acquiring equivalent goods.
The payment of the cost of having goods repaired.
5. Except as provided in Clauses 2 to 4 above, to the extent permitted by statute, CIGWELD hereby excludes
all liability for any loss, damage, death or injury of any kind whatsoever occasioned to the Customer in
respect of the supply of goods including direct, indirect, consequential or incidental loss, damage or injury
of any kind.
WARRANTY SCHEDULE – JULY 2011
These warranty periods relate to the warranty conditions in clause 2. All warranty periods are from date of
sale from the Accredited Distributor of the equipment. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in no event shall the
warranty period extend more than the time stated plus one year from the date CIGWELD delivered the product
to the Accredited Distributor. Unless otherwise stated the warranty period includes parts and labour. CIGWELD
reserves the right to request documented evidence of date of purchase.
TRANSMIG 350i, 450i, 550i POWER SOURCE
Original main power magnetics.
Original main power rectifiers, printed circuit boards and power switch
semiconductors.
All other circuits and components including, but not limited to, relays,
switches, contactors, solenoids, fans and electric motors.
ACCESSORIES
MIG torch, electrode holder lead and work lead.
WARRANTY
PERIOD
3 Years
LABOUR
2 Years
2 Years
2 Years
1 Year
1 Year
WARRANTY PERIOD
3 Months
MIG torch consumable items.
Gas regulator/flowmeter (excluding seat assembly, pressure gauges, elastomer seals and “O” rings).
Regulator seat assemblies and pressure gauges.
NIL
6 Months
Elastomer seals and “O” rings used in the equipment.
3 Months
1 Year
Please note that the information detailed in this statement supersedes any prior published data produced by
CIGWELD.
Note: For Wirefeeder Warranty information refer to the relevant Wirefeeder Operating Manual.
GLOBAL CUSTOMER SERVICE CONTACT INFORMATION
Cigweld, Australia
71 Gower Street
Preston, Victoria
Australia, 3072
Telephone: 61-3-9474-7400
Fax: 61-3-9474-7391
Email: cigweldsales@cigweld.com.au
Victor Technologies USA
2800 Airport Road
Denton, Tx 76207 USA
Telephone: (940) 566-2000
800-426-1888
Fax: 800-535-0557
Email: sales@thermalarc.com
Victor Technologies Canada
2070 Wyecroft Road
Oakville, Ontario
Canada, L6L5V6
Telephone: (905)-827-1111
Fax: 905-827-3648
Victor Technologies Europe
Europe Building
Chorley North Industrial Park
Chorley, Lancashire
England, PR6 7Bx
Telephone: 44-1257-261755
Fax: 44-1257-224800
PT. Victor Technologies Utama Indonesia
Jl. Angsana II Blok AE No. 28
Delta Silicon I, Cikarang - Sukaresmi
Bekasi, 17550
Indonesia
Tel: +62 21 8990 6095
Fax: +62 21 8990 6096 / 1867
http://www.Victor Technologies.com
Victor Technologies, China
No 100 Lao Hongjing Rd
Minhang District
Shanghai, PR, 200235
Telephone: 86-21-64072626
Fax: 86-21-64483032
Victor Technologies Asia Sdn Bhd
Lot 151, Jalan Industri 3/5A
Rawang Integrated Industrial Park - Jln Batu Arang
48000 Rawang Selangor Darul Ehsan
West Malaysia
Telephone: 603+ 6092 2988
Fax : 603+ 6092 1085
Victor Technologies Italy
OCIM, S.r.L.
Via Benaco, 3
20098 S. Giuliano
Milan, Italy
Tel: (39) 02-98 80320
Fax: (39) 02-98 281773
Victor Technologies International
2070 Wyecroft Road
Oakville, Ontario
Canada, L6L5V6
Telephone: (905)-827-9777
Fax: 905-827-9797
Asia Pacific Regional Headquarters
71 Gower Street
Preston, Victoria, Australia, 3072
Telephone: +61 3 9474 7400
+61 3 9474 7391
FAX:
Email: enquiries@cigweld.com.au
www.cigweld.com.au