Siemens SITRANS P User`s manual

Siemens Industry, Inc.
USER'S MANUAL
UMSITRPDS3-1
Rev 10
November 2010
Supersedes Rev 9
SITRANS P, Series DSIII Transmitters
for
Pressure, Differential Pressure,
Flanged Level, and Absolute Pressure
Model 7MF4*33-
IMPORTANT
MODEL 275 HART COMMUNICATOR AND
MODEL 375 FIELD COMMUNICATOR
Many procedures, screens, and wiring diagrams shown in this manual feature the Model 275 HART
Communicator.
The Model 375 Field Communicator is also available. Procedures and screens are similar to those for the
Model 275, however, there are significant differences and an online Configuration Map for use with the
Model 375 is provided at the back of this manual.
Transmitter model and firmware version can affect the displays, display options, and Configuration Maps.
Whether using the Model 275 or the Model 375, be sure to read the manual supplied by the manufacturer
before installing or using the device. Refer to the communicator nameplate for hazardous area
certifications and approvals and other important information.
APPLICATION AND MODEL QUICK LOCATOR
The following table provides an overview of measurement categories and available models. For details
pertaining to a particular model, see the appropriate section for a dimension drawing, the model
designation table and specifications in Section 9 Model Designations and Specifications. To quickly
locate other information, refer to the Table of Contents.
Measurement
Absolute or Gauge
Pressure
Differential
Pressure
Level (Flange)
Models
7MF4033
7MF4233
7MF4333
7MF4433
7MF4533
7MF4633
7MF4812
See
Section
Dimensions
9.1
9.2
9.3
Figure 9-1
Figure 9-2
Figure 9-3
9.4
Figure 9-3 or 9-4
9.5
Figure 9-5
Model
Designation
Specifications
Table 9-1
Table 9-3
Table 9-5
Table 9-7
Table 9-8
Table 9-2
Table 9-4
Table 9-6
Table 9-10
Table 9-11
Table 9-9
UMSITRPDS3-1
Contents
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Section and Title
Page
Conventions, Symbols, and General Information................................................................. viii
Conventions and Symbols ...................................................................................................viii
Scope ..................................................................................................................................viii
Warranty ............................................................................................................................... ix
Qualified Persons ................................................................................................................. ix
General Warnings and Cautions........................................................................................... ix
1.0 INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................1-1
1.1 CONTENTS......................................................................................................................1-1
1.2 PRODUCT DESCRIPTION ..............................................................................................1-2
1.3 RATING, APPROVAL, AND TAG PLATES......................................................................1-9
1.4 CONFIGURATION ...........................................................................................................1-9
1.5 CUSTOMER/PRODUCT SUPPORT..............................................................................1-10
2.0 MODEL 275 UNIVERSAL HART COMMUNICATOR............................................ 2-1
2.1 INTRODUCTION ..............................................................................................................2-1
2.2 COMMUNICATOR CONNECTIONS................................................................................2-1
2.3 CONTROLS OVERVIEW .................................................................................................2-4
2.3.1 Liquid Crystal Display ................................................................................................2-4
2.3.2 Software-Defined Function Keys ...............................................................................2-4
2.3.3 Action Keys................................................................................................................2-6
2.3.4 Alphanumeric and Shift Keys.....................................................................................2-7
2.4 GETTING TO KNOW THE COMMUNICATOR ................................................................2-8
2.4.1 Display Icons .............................................................................................................2-8
2.4.2 Menu Structure ..........................................................................................................2-9
2.4.3 Reviewing Installed Devices ......................................................................................2-9
2.5 MAIN MENU ...................................................................................................................2-11
2.5.1 Offline Menu ............................................................................................................2-12
2.5.2 Online Menu ............................................................................................................2-18
2.5.3 Frequency Device Menu..........................................................................................2-21
2.5.4 Utility Menu ..............................................................................................................2-21
2.6 USING THE QUICK ACCESS KEY................................................................................2-23
2.6.1 Adding Quick Access Key Options ..........................................................................2-24
2.6.2 Deleting Quick Access Key Options ........................................................................2-25
3.0 PRE-INSTALLATION TEST .................................................................................. 3-1
3.1 PROCEDURE ..................................................................................................................3-1
3.1.1 Test Equipment..........................................................................................................3-2
3.2 ESTABLISHING COMMUNICATION ...............................................................................3-3
3.3 TESTING THE TRANSMITTER .......................................................................................3-3
3.4 REVIEWING CONFIGURATION DATA ...........................................................................3-4
3.5 CHECKING TRANSMITTER OUTPUT ............................................................................3-4
4.0 INSTALLATION .....................................................................................................4-1
4.1 EQUIPMENT DELIVERY AND HANDLING .....................................................................4-1
4.1.1 Receipt of Shipment ..................................................................................................4-1
4.1.2 Storage ......................................................................................................................4-1
4.2 ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS .........................................................................4-2
4.3 PRE-INSTALLATION CONSIDERATIONS AND CALCULATIONS .................................4-2
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4.3.1 Mechanical ................................................................................................................4-2
4.3.2 Electrical ....................................................................................................................4-3
4.3.3 Impulse Piping for Absolute and Differential Models .................................................4-4
4.3.4 Transmitter Operating Mode and Network Type......................................................4-10
4.3.5 Power Supply Requirements ...................................................................................4-14
4.3.6 Determining Network (Loop) Length........................................................................4-17
4.3.7 Network Junctions ...................................................................................................4-19
4.3.8 Safety Barriers .........................................................................................................4-19
4.3.9 Connection of Miscellaneous Hardware ..................................................................4-20
4.3.10 Shielding and Grounding .......................................................................................4-21
4.4 MECHANICAL INSTALLATION .....................................................................................4-22
4.4.1 Pipe Mounting, Differential and Gauge Construction...............................................4-22
4.4.2 Direct Mounting to Process, Model 7MF4433 or 7MF4533 .....................................4-24
4.4.3 Flange Mounting, Model 7MF4633/7MF4812..........................................................4-25
4.5 MECHANICAL INSTALLATION, All Models...................................................................4-27
4.5.1 Enclosure Rotation ..................................................................................................4-27
4.5.2 Display Orientation ..................................................................................................4-28
4.5.3 Electrical Conduit and Cable Installation .................................................................4-29
4.6 ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION.......................................................................................4-31
4.7 HAZARDOUS AREA INSTALLATION............................................................................4-33
5.0 POST-INSTALLATION TEST ................................................................................ 5-1
5.1 TEST EQUIPMENT ..........................................................................................................5-1
5.2 INSTALLATION REVIEW.................................................................................................5-1
5.3 EQUIPMENT CONNECTION ...........................................................................................5-2
5.4 VERIFICATION ................................................................................................................5-3
5.4.1 Communication Test..................................................................................................5-3
5.4.2 Transmitter Selftest....................................................................................................5-3
5.4.3 Loop Test...................................................................................................................5-4
5.5 TRANSMITTER ZERO AND SHUTOFF VALVE MANIPULATION ..................................5-5
5.5.1 Absolute Pressure .....................................................................................................5-5
5.5.2 Differential Pressure and Flow...................................................................................5-8
5.5.3 Measuring Vapor .....................................................................................................5-11
6.0 ON-LINE CONFIGURATION AND OPERATION .................................................. 6-1
6.1 LOCAL OPERATION AND DISPLAY...............................................................................6-1
6.1.1 Digital Display ............................................................................................................6-1
6.1.2 Numeric Display.........................................................................................................6-2
6.1.3 Unit/Bargraph Display................................................................................................6-3
6.1.4 Error Message ...........................................................................................................6-3
6.1.5 Output Signal Range .................................................................................................6-3
6.1.6 Mode Display ...........................................................................................................6-4
6.2 LOCAL OPERATION WITH THE MAGNETIC PUSHBUTTONS .....................................6-5
6.2.1 Cancel Pushbutton Disable and Write Protection......................................................6-7
6.2.2 Set/Adjust Zero and Full Scale ..................................................................................6-7
6.2.3 Electric Damping......................................................................................................6-10
6.2.4 Blind Setting of Zero and Full Scale ........................................................................6-10
6.2.5 Zero Adjustment (Position Correction).....................................................................6-12
6.2.6 Fixed Current Output ...............................................................................................6-13
6.2.7 Failure Current.........................................................................................................6-13
6.2.8 Pushbutton and Function Disable............................................................................6-14
6.2.9 Flow Measurement (Differential Pressure only).......................................................6-14
6.2.10 Select Measured Value to Display.........................................................................6-16
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6.2.11 Select the Displayed Input Pressure Engineering Unit ..........................................6-16
6.3 LOCAL OPERATION WITHOUT A DISPLAY OR WITH ACTIVATED KEYLOCK.........6-18
6.3.1 Set Zero and Full Scale ...........................................................................................6-18
6.4 REMOTE CONFIGURATION AND OPERATION BY HART..........................................6-20
6.4.1 Process Data ...........................................................................................................6-20
6.4.2 Setting Zero and Full Scale .....................................................................................6-21
6.4.3 Blind Setting of Zero and Full Scale ........................................................................6-21
6.4.4 Zero Adjustment for Position Correction..................................................................6-21
6.4.5 Electric Damping......................................................................................................6-22
6.4.6 Fast Measured Value Acquisition (fast response mode) .........................................6-22
6.4.7 Fixed Current Output ...............................................................................................6-23
6.4.8 Fault Current............................................................................................................6-23
6.4.9 Disabling the Transmitter Magnetic Pushbuttons and Write Protection...................6-24
6.4.10 Measured Value Display........................................................................................6-25
6.4.11 Select Pressure Engineering Units ........................................................................6-25
6.4.12 Display/Bargraph ...................................................................................................6-25
6.4.13 Sensor Trim ...........................................................................................................6-26
6.4.14 D/A Trim.................................................................................................................6-28
6.4.15 Transmitter Current Adjustment.............................................................................6-28
6.4.16 Factory Calibration (Manufacturer Trims) ..............................................................6-29
6.4.17 Device Information.................................................................................................6-30
6.4.18 Flow Measurement (Differential Pressure) ............................................................6-30
6.4.19 Diagnostic Functions .............................................................................................6-30
6.4.20 Simulation ..............................................................................................................6-33
6.4.21 Self Test and Master Reset ...................................................................................6-34
7.0 CALIBRATION AND MAINTENANCE .................................................................. 7-1
7.1 CALIBRATION .................................................................................................................7-2
7.2 PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE........................................................................................7-3
7.2.1 Transmitter Exterior Inspection..................................................................................7-3
7.2.2 Transmitter Exterior Cleaning ....................................................................................7-3
7.2.3 Transmitter Enclosure Interior Inspection ..................................................................7-4
7.2.4 Transmitter Calibration ..............................................................................................7-4
7.2.5 Impulse Piping ...........................................................................................................7-4
7.3 TROUBLESHOOTING .....................................................................................................7-5
7.3.1 Analog Output............................................................................................................7-5
7.3.2 Digital Output (Communication).................................................................................7-8
7.4 ASSEMBLY REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT ...............................................................7-9
7.4.1 Display Assembly ....................................................................................................7-11
7.4.2 Replacing the Electronics Module ...........................................................................7-12
7.4.3 Measuring Cell Assembly Removal and Replacement............................................7-13
7.4.4 Terminal Board Assembly Removal and Replacement ...........................................7-16
7.5 NON-FIELD-REPLACEABLE ITEMS .............................................................................7-16
7.6 TRANSMITTER REPLACEMENT ..................................................................................7-17
7.7 MAINTENANCE RECORDS ..........................................................................................7-18
7.8 RECOMMENDED SPARE AND REPLACEMENT PARTS ............................................7-18
7.9 COMPATIBILITY, Revision Numbers.............................................................................7-19
8.0 CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION .......................................................................................8-1
8.1 OVERALL OPERATION...................................................................................................8-2
8.2 PRESSURE......................................................................................................................8-2
8.3 DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE AND FLOW .......................................................................8-3
8.4 FLANGED LEVEL ............................................................................................................8-3
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8.5 ABSOLUTE PRESSURE (DIFFERENTIAL CONSTRUCTION).......................................8-4
8.6 ABSOLUTE PRESSURE (GAUGE CONSTRUCTION) ...................................................8-4
8.7 COMMUNICATION FORMAT ..........................................................................................8-5
9.0 MODEL DESIGNATIONS AND SPECIFICATIONS .............................................. 9-1
9.1 MODEL 7MF4033, GAGE PRESSURE ...........................................................................9-2
9.2 MODEL 7MF4233, ABSOLUTE PRESSURE...................................................................9-7
9.3 MODEL 7MF4333, ABSOLUTE PRESSURE.................................................................9-12
9.4 MODELS 7MF4433 AND 7MF4533, DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE AND FLOW ...........9-17
9.5 MODELS 7MF4633 AND 7MF4812, LEVEL ..................................................................9-24
9.6 SERVICE PARTS, ALL MODELS ..................................................................................9-30
9.7 ACCESSORIES .............................................................................................................9-35
9.8 NETWORK TOPOLOGY ................................................................................................9-35
9.8.1 Two-Wire Cable .......................................................................................................9-35
9.9 HAZARDOUS AREA CLASSIFICATION........................................................................9-36
9.9.1 CSA Hazardous Locations Precautions...................................................................9-38
10.0 GLOSSARY ....................................................................................................... 10-1
11.0 APPENDIX A - ONLINE CONFIGURATION MAP............................................. 11-1
12.0 APPENDIX B - HAZARDOUS AREA INSTALLATION ..................................... 12-1
13.0 APPENDIX C - ELEVATION AND SUPPRESSION CORRECTIONS ............... 13-1
13.1 HOW ADJUSTMENT IS MADE....................................................................................13-1
13.2 ELEVATION CALCULATION EXAMPLE .....................................................................13-2
13.3 SUPPRESSION CALCULATION EXAMPLE ...............................................................13-2
13.4 RECOMMENDED METHOD ........................................................................................13-3
Online Configuration Map (with Model 275 Communicator)
Online Configuration Map (with Model 375 Communicator)
LIST OF FIGURES
Figure and Title
1-1
1-2
1-3
1-4
1-5
1-6
2-1
2-2
2-3
2-4
2-5
2-6
3-1
3-2
4-1
4-2
4-3
4-4
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Page
Gauge Construction, Pressure and Absolute Pressure Models .........................................1-3
Differential Construction; Differential, Flow, and Absolute Models .....................................1-4
Differential Pressure and Flow Models with H03 Option ....................................................1-5
Flanged Liquid Level Models ..............................................................................................1-6
Traditional Application ........................................................................................................1-7
Digital Display and Field Terminals ....................................................................................1-8
Model 275 Universal HART Communicator ........................................................................2-2
HART Communicator Connections to a Transmitter Loop .................................................2-3
HART Communicator Display Icons ...................................................................................2-8
Offline Menu Map .............................................................................................................2-12
SITRANS P Online Menu Map .........................................................................................2-19
Generic Online Menu Map................................................................................................2-20
Bench Test Connections.....................................................................................................3-1
Field Test Connections .......................................................................................................3-2
Differential Flow Measurement Piping for Gas and Liquid..................................................4-5
Differential Liquid Measurement Piping ..............................................................................4-6
Absolute or Gauge Pressure Measurement Piping ............................................................4-7
Steam Service, Below the Line Mounting ...........................................................................4-8
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4-5 Open and Closed Tank Level Measurement, Flange Mounted Transmitters .....................4-9
4-6 Point-To-Point Network (Analog Mode) ............................................................................4-11
4-7 Procidia to Transmitter Connections (Analog Mode) ........................................................4-12
4-8 Model 353/354 to Transmitter Connections (Analog Mode) .............................................4-13
4-9 Multi-Drop Network (Digital Mode)....................................................................................4-15
4-10 Power Supply vs. Loop Resistance ................................................................................4-16
4-11 Pipe Mounting, Gauge Construction...............................................................................4-23
4-12 Pipe Mounting, Differential Construction ........................................................................4-23
4-13 Differential Construction, Position Options .....................................................................4-24
4-14 Enclosure Rotation Considerations ................................................................................4-27
4-15 Display Removal and Repositioning ...............................................................................4-28
4-16 Conduit Drain and Explosion Proof Installations.............................................................4-29
4-17 Network Conductor Terminations ...................................................................................4-32
5-1 Equipment Connection for System Checkout .....................................................................5-2
5-2 Measuring Gases................................................................................................................5-6
5-3 Measuring Vapor and Liquid...............................................................................................5-7
5-4 Measuring Gases................................................................................................................5-9
5-5 Measuring Liquids.............................................................................................................5-10
5-6 Measuring Vapor ..............................................................................................................5-11
6-1 Digital Display .....................................................................................................................6-1
6-2 Switch Point of the Square Root Characteristic................................................................6-15
6-3 Displayable Engineering Units..........................................................................................6-17
6-4 Sensor Trim ......................................................................................................................6-27
6-5 Pressure Min/Max Pointer Example .................................................................................6-32
6-6 Saturation Monitoring Examples.......................................................................................6-33
6-7 Simulation Circuit Diagram ...............................................................................................6-34
7-1 Transmitter Exploded View.................................................................................................7-9
7-2 Display Assembly Installed and Partially Removed ..........................................................7-11
7-3 Electronics Module Removal and Installation ...................................................................7-12
7-4 Measuring Cell Alignment and Insertion Depth ................................................................7-15
8-1 Transmitter Block Diagram .................................................................................................8-1
8-2 Pressure Measuring Cell ....................................................................................................8-2
8-3 Differential Pressure and Flow Measuring Cell...................................................................8-3
8-4 Flanged Level Measuring Cell ............................................................................................8-4
8-5 Absolute Pressure Measuring Cell, Differential Construction .............................................8-4
8-6 Absolute Pressure Measuring Cell, Gauge Construction ...................................................8-5
9-1 Model 7MF4033, Dimensions .............................................................................................9-2
9-2 Model 7MF4233, Dimensions .............................................................................................9-7
9-3 Models 7MF4333, 7MF4433 and 7MF4533, Dimensions .................................................9-12
9-4 Models 7MF4433 and 7MF4533, Dimensions, With H03 Option......................................9-17
9-5 Models 7MF4633 and 7MF4812, Dimensions ..................................................................9-24
11-1 Online Configuration Map, Part 1 of 2 ............................................................................11-2
11-2 Online Configuration Map, Part 2 of 2 ............................................................................11-3
12-1 Control Drawing ..............................................................................................................12-2
12-2 Control Drawing ..............................................................................................................12-3
12-3 Control Drawing ..............................................................................................................12-4
13-1 Elevation and Suppression Examples ............................................................................13-1
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LIST OF TABLES
Table and Title
Page
1-1 Measurements, Models and Figure References.................................................................1-2
2-1 Function Keys with Their Labels and Actions Performed ...................................................2-5
2-2 Communicator Firmware Device Descriptions, Rev. F2.2 ................................................2-10
2-3 Offline Menu Map Continued, “Edit individually” Options1 ................................................2-12
4-1 Operating Mode and Network...........................................................................................4-10
4-2 Flange And Extension Dimensions...................................................................................4-26
6-1 Operating Mode and Status Arrows....................................................................................6-2
6-2 Parameters Accessible Using the Magnetic Pushbuttons ..................................................6-6
6-3 Pushbutton and Function Disable Options .......................................................................6-14
6-4 Pushbutton and Function Disable Options .......................................................................6-24
9-1 Model 7MF4033, Model Designation ..................................................................................9-3
9-2 Model 7MF4033, Specifications..........................................................................................9-5
9-3 Model 7MF4233, Model Designation ..................................................................................9-8
9-4 Model 7MF4233, Specifications........................................................................................9-10
9-5 Model 7MF4333, Model Designation ................................................................................9-13
9-6 Model 7MF4333, Specifications........................................................................................9-15
9-7 Model 7MF4433, Model Designation ................................................................................9-18
9-8 Model 7MF4533, Model Designation ................................................................................9-20
9-9 Models 7MF4433 and 7MF4533, Specifications...............................................................9-22
9-10 Models 7MF4633 and 7MF4812, Model Designation .....................................................9-25
9-11 Models 7MF4633 and 7MF4812, Specifications.............................................................9-28
9-12 Measuring Cells for Pressure, Service Parts ..................................................................9-30
9-13 Measuring Cells for Absolute Pressure, Gauge Construction, Service Parts .................9-31
9-14 Measuring Cells for Absolute Pressure, Differential Const., Service Parts ....................9-31
9-15 Measuring Cells for Pressure and Flow, Differential Const., Service Parts ....................9-32
9-16 Measuring Cells for Differential Pressure and Flow, Service Parts ................................9-33
9-17 Measuring Cells for Filling Level, Service Parts .............................................................9-34
9-18 Electronics and Connecting Boards, Service Parts ........................................................9-34
9-19 Accessories ....................................................................................................................9-35
9-20 Certificate and Approvals, All Models .............................................................................9-37
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Changes for Revision 10, November 2010
Significant changes for Rev. 10 are listed below.
Section
Cover
Conventions, Symbols and General
Information
1.5 Customer/Product Support
6.2 On-Line Operation
Throughout publication
Warranty
Revision
Change publication revision number and date.
Update section text; include Warranty subsection and add
“operating time” warranty details.
Update section text and contact information table.
Update Table 6-2, Mode 11.
Change Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc. to Siemens
Industry, Inc.
Remove from publication; see Conventions, Symbols and
General Information above.
SITRANS P, Series DS III, and Procidia are trademarks of Siemens Industry, Inc. Viton and Kalrez are registered trademarks of
DuPont Performance Elastomers. Teflon is a registered trademark of E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company. Hastelloy is a
registered trademark of Haynes International. Monel is a registered trademark of Special Metals Corporation. HART is a
registered trademark of the HART Communication Foundation. All product designations may be trademarks or product names of
Siemens Industry, Inc. or other supplier companies whose use by third parties for their own purposes could violate the rights of
the owners.
Siemens Industry, Inc. assumes no liability for errors or omissions in this document or for the application and use of information
included in this document. The information herein is subject to change without notice.
Procedures in this document have been reviewed for compliance with applicable approval agency requirements and are
considered sound practice. Neither Siemens Industry, Inc. nor these agencies are responsible for product uses not included in the
approval certification(s) or for repairs or modifications made by the user.
!
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Conventions, Symbols, and General Information
Conventions and Symbols
The following symbols may be used in this manual and may appear on the equipment. The reader should
be familiar with the symbols and their meanings. Symbols are provided to quickly alert the reader to
safety related text.
Symbol
DANGER
WARNING
CAUTION
CAUTION
NOTICE
IMPORTANT
Note
Meaning
Indicates an immediate hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in
death or serious injury.
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in
death or serious injury.
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in
minor or moderate injury.
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in
property damage.
Indicates a potential situation which, if not avoided, may result in an undesirable
result or state.
Identifies an action that should be taken to avoid an undesirable result or state.
Identifies supplemental information that should be read before proceeding.
Electrical shock hazard – Either symbol indicates the presence of an electrical
shock hazard. The associated text states the nature of the hazard, what can happen
as a result of the hazard, and how to avoid the hazard..
Explosion hazard – Symbol indicates that the danger of an explosion hazard
exists. The associated text states the nature of the hazard, what can happen as a
result of the hazard, and how to avoid the hazard.
Electrostatic discharge – The presence of this symbol indicates that electrostatic
discharge can damage the electronic assembly.
Pinch hazard – Symbol indicates that a pinch hazard exists if correct procedures
are not followed.
Part numbers are for items ordered from the Process Instrumentation & Analytics Business Unit of
Siemens Industry, Inc., except as noted.
Scope
This manual does not purport to cover all details or variations in equipment or to provide for every
possible contingency to be met in connection with installation, operation, or maintenance. Should further
information be desired or should particular problems arise which are not covered sufficiently for the
purchaser’s purposes, the matter should be referred to a support group listed in the Customer/Product
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Contents
Support section of this manual or to the local Siemens sales office. The contents of this manual shall not
become part of or modify any prior or existing agreement, commitment or relationship.
Warranty
The SITRANS P DSIII transmitter warranty is based on actual operating hours, as shown in the Operating
Hours Register. The transmitter is warranted for 60 months of operation in two successive steps:
1. A 36-month 100% warranty from date of initial operation.
2. A 24-month pro-rated warranty which decreases linearly from 100% at 36 months to 0% at 60 months
of powered operation.
If Siemens cannot determine transmitter operating hours, the warranty shall commence on the date of
shipment from Siemens. All other provisions of the Siemens standard warranty remain as stated in the
sales contract.
Should the transmitter require repair during the pro-rated warranty period, the charge will be pro-rated
based on prevailing repair rates for parts and labor.
Qualified Persons
The described equipment should be installed, configured, operated, and serviced only by qualified
persons thoroughly familiar with this manual. A copy of this manual accompanies the equipment. The
current version of the manual, in Portable Document Format (PDF), can be downloaded from the Siemens
Internet site; see the Customer/Product Support section of this manual for the address.
For the purpose of this manual and product labels, a qualified person is one who is familiar with the
installation, assembly, commissioning, and operation of the product, and who has the appropriate
qualifications for their activities such as:
•
Training, instruction, or authorization to operate and maintain devices/systems according to the safety
standards for electrical circuits, high pressures, and corrosive, as well as, critical media.
•
For devices with explosion protection: training, instruction or authorization to work on electrical
circuits for systems that could cause explosions.
•
Training or instruction according to the safety standards in the care and use of suitable safety
equipment.
General Warnings and Cautions
WARNING
An explosion-proof device may be opened only after power is removed from the device.
An intrinsically safe device loses its license as soon as it is operated in a circuit that does not meet the
requirements of the examination certificate valid in your country.
The device may be operated with high pressure and corrosive media. Therefore, serious injury and/or
considerable material damage cannot be ruled out in the event of handling of the device.
The perfect and safe operation of the equipment is conditional upon proper transport, proper storage,
installation and assembly, as well as, on careful operation and commissioning.
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The equipment may be used only for the purposes specified in this manual.
CAUTION
Electrostatic discharge can damage or cause the failure of semiconductor devices such as
integrated circuits and transistors. The symbol at right appears on a circuit board or other
electronic assembly to indicate that special handling precautions are needed.
•
A properly grounded conductive wrist or heel strap must be worn whenever an electronics module or
circuit board is handled or touched. Static control kits are available from most electrical and
electronic supply companies.
•
Electronic assemblies must be stored in static protective bags when not installed in equipment.
!
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Introduction
1.0 INTRODUCTION
This user’s manual is for the Siemens SITRANS P Series DSIII Pressure Transmitters.
All information needed to bench test, install, configure, calibrate, and service a transmitter is included in
this user’s manual.
IMPORTANT
Save this user’s manual. It should be available to those installing, configuring,
operating, and servicing the described pressure transmitters.
1.1 CONTENTS
The user’s manual consists of a table of contents, ten sections, and three appendices. Following the table
of contents is a subsection that contains important information about the symbols that can appear in this
user’s manual and on the transmitter. The subsection also has statements about installing and servicing the
transmitter. A brief description of each major section and appendices follows.
Section 1, Introduction, describes each section in the manual and provides a brief description of the
SITRANS P Series DSIII Pressure Transmitter line. A product support section has telephone, fax, E-mail,
and Internet contact information.
Section 2, Model 275 Universal HART Communicator, describes use of the HART Communicator to test,
configure, and calibrate a transmitter.
Section 3, Pre-Installation Test, provides procedures to perform a bench test of the transmitter to ensure
proper operation of all transmitter functions. Start-up configuration is described here.
Section 4, Installation, furnishes specific information for mechanical and electrical installation of the
transmitter.
Section 5, Post-Installation Test, describes how to confirm that the transmitter has been installed correctly
- sometimes referred to as commissioning.
Section 6, On-Line Configuration and Operation, details local configuration using the magnetic
pushbuttons and remote configuration using the HART Communicator. Local operation and remote
operation of the transmitter are described.
Section 7, Calibration and Maintenance, provides references to calibration procedures for analog and
digital modes and to a zeroing procedure for mounting position. It also furnishes preventive maintenance,
troubleshooting, and assembly replacement procedures.
Section 8, Circuit Description, contains an assembly-level circuit description to support transmitter
servicing.
Section 9, Model Designations and Specifications, has tables that correlate rating plate model numbers to
transmitter physical configurations. This section also contains an accessory list and several service parts
lists. Detailed mechanical, functional, performance, and environmental specifications are provided, as are
dimension drawings of the transmitter. Hazardous area certifications are listed.
Section 10, Glossary, contains definitions of various transmitter-related terms.
November 2010
1-1
Introduction
UMSITRPDS3-1
Appendix A, Online Configuration Map, is used to help navigate HART/transmitter menus during remote
configuration and operation of the transmitter.
Appendix B, Hazardous Area Installations, contains control drawings and other information needed for
installation in a hazardous area.
Appendix C, Elevation and Suppression Corrections, explains how to perform elevation and suppression
calculations necessary for certain liquid level gauging applications.
Warranty contains the product warranty statements and information concerning servicing of the product
during the warranty period.
1.2 PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
SITRANS P Series DSIII transmitters provide reliable, accurate, stable, and cost-effective measurement
of differential, absolute, and gauge pressure and liquid level.
The transmitter is a microcontroller-based, self-contained pressure-to-current transducer. A measuring
cell senses the applied process pressure and provides an analog output signal that is proportional to
applied pressure. An analog-to-digital converter produces a digital signal for the microcontroller. The
microcontroller modifies and corrects the signal for linearity and temperature, and a digital-to-analog
converter produces a 4-20 milliampere output signal for the loop.
The transmitter can be installed quickly and easily using one of the optional mounting brackets.
Illustrations showing mounting hardware and dimensions are provided in this manual. Measuring cell
construction determines a transmitter’s physical dimensions and mechanical installation. Note that a given
sensor construction can involve one or more measurement methods, as shown in Table 1-1.
TABLE 1-1 Measurements, Models and Figure References
Measurement
Model And Measuring Cell Construction
Refer To
Absolute or Gauge Pressure
7MF4033, Gauge Construction
Figures 1-1, 4-3, 4-4, 411, 4-13, 9-1, 9-2 and 93
7MF4233, Gauge Construction
7MF4333, Differential Construction
Differential Pressure
7MF4433, Differential Construction
7MF4533, Differential Construction
Liquid Level (Flange)
7MF4633, Flange Construction
Figures 1-2, 1-3, 4-1, 42, 4-12, 4-13, 9-3, and 94
Figures 1-4, 4-5, and 9-5
7MF4812, Flange
Figures 1-1 through 1-4 show the various transmitter models and constructions. They also show common
transmitter mounting methods. The mounting brackets shown are optional.
1-2
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
1
2
3
4
5
Process connection:
1/2-NPT, connection shank G1/2A
Oval flange
Blanking plug
Electrical connection:
Screwed gland M20 x 1.5
Screwed gland 1/2-14NPT
Field terminals; remove enclosure cap for
access
Electronics module and display; remove
enclosure cap for access
Introduction
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Hinged access cover over magnetic
pushbuttons
Mounting bracket, optional
Tag plate
Approval plate; Rating plate on other side
Enclosure ground screw
Enclosure setscrew
Enclosure rotation limits
Enclosure rotation reference arrow; see
Section 4 for details
This Figure is for Models 7MF4033 and
7MF4233
FIGURE 1-1 Gauge Construction, Pressure and Absolute Pressure Models
November 2010
1-3
Introduction
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Process Connection 1/4-18NPT for absolute
pressure + side
Mounting thread M10, M12 or 7/16-20UNF
Blanking plug
Electrical connection:
Screwed gland M20 x 1.5
Screwed gland 1/2-14NPT
Field terminals; remove enclosure cap for
access
Electronics module and display; remove
enclosure cap for access
Hinged access cover over magnetic
pushbuttons
Sealing screw with vent shown (optional)
Side vent for measuring liquid
UMSITRPDS3-1
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
Side vent for measuring gas (supplement H02)
Mounting bracket, optional
Enclosure setscrew
Enclosure rotation limits (see 14 reference
arrow)
Enclosure rotation reference arrow; see
Section 4 for details
Tag plate
Approval plate; Rating plate on other side
Enclosure ground screw
This Figure is for Models 7MF4333, 7MF4433,
and 7MF4533.
FIGURE 1-2 Differential Construction; Differential, Flow, and Absolute Models
1-4
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Process connection 1/4-18NPT
Mounting thread M10 or 7/16-20UMF
Field terminals; remove enclosure cap for
access
Electronics module and display; remove
enclosure cap for access
Sealing screw
Enclosure setscrew
Enclosure rotation limits; enclosure
rotation reference arrow on neck (see
Section 4 for details)
Introduction
10
11
12
13
14
15
Blanking plug
Access cover over magnetic pushbuttons
Electrical connection:
M20 x 1.5
1/2-14NPT
Tag plate
Approval plate; Rating plate on other side
Enclosure ground screw
This Figure is for Models 7MF4433 and
7MF4533 with H03 option.
FIGURE 1-3 Differential Pressure and Flow Models with H03 Option
November 2010
1-5
Introduction
1
2
3
4
5
6
UMSITRPDS3-1
Process connection at low side 1/4-18NPT
Mounting thread M10, M12, or 7/16-20UNF
Blanking plug
Electrical connection:
M20 x1.5
1/2-14NPT
Field terminals; remove enclosure cap for
access
Electronics module and display; remove
enclosure cap for access
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Access cover to magnetic pushbuttons
Sealing screw with vent shown (optional)
Enclosure setscrew
Enclosure rotation limits
Enclosure rotation reference arrow (not
shown; see Section 4 for details)
Tag plate
Rating plate; approval plate on other side
This Figure is for Models 7MF4633 and
7MF4812
FIGURE 1-4 Flanged Liquid Level Models
1-6
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Introduction
A transmitter can operate in either analog mode or digital mode, as discussed in the following paragraphs.
Analog Mode
A single transmitter is connected to a controller, recorder, or other field device. A loop known as a Pointto-Point network interconnects the instruments. Figure 1-5 shows a traditional application.
Differential
Transmitter
2-Wire
4-20 mA
MG00369c
Process Automation Controller
2-Wire
4-20 mA
I/P
Model 771
Model 353
Flow
FIGURE 1-5 Traditional Application
The HART® (Highway Addressable Remote Transducer) protocol is used for communication between the
transmitter and a HART Communicator, a personal computer running configuration software, or another
remote device. This is done by superimposing the HART digital signal on the analog current. HART
communications can be used to transfer a new or edited configuration, remotely monitor the process
variable, or service a transmitter.
Digital Mode
Up to 15 transmitters can be parallel connected to a Multi-Drop network using only shielded, twisted-pair
cable. The HART protocol provides communication between the transmitters and a HART-compatible
controller, recorder, or other device. Each transmitter is identified by a unique network address that is
selected during configuration.
Display, Magnetic Pushbuttons, and Loop Connections
The optional display (Figure 1-6A) permits local viewing of input and output variables and status
messages, and it simplifies local configuration. Local configuration is performed using three magnetic
pushbuttons that are found beneath an access cover in the transmitter housing. Section 6 On-Line
Configuration and Operation describes use of the display and magnetic pushbuttons.
Loop connections are made to a terminal assembly with three screw terminals (Figure 1-6B). The
assembly is located within the transmitter enclosure and is accessed by removing the enclosure cap
adjacent to FIELD TERMINALS on the enclosure. The terminal assembly also has Analog Output Test
Terminals to connect an external digital milliammeter for loop troubleshooting and transmitter
calibration. Loop wiring is shown in Section 4 Installation.
November 2010
1-7
Introduction
UMSITRPDS3-1
An enclosure ground connection is located on the housing beneath the field terminal enclosure cap. The
enclosure should always be grounded by a wire connected from this terminal to an earth ground, even
when a ground may be provided by metal conduit protecting the loop wiring.
4
2
4
1
3
1
+
+
+
_
1
2
3
Digital display, optional
Magnetic pushbutton access cover
Enclosure cap
A. Digital Display
MG00364b
MG00364b
-4-20mA+
1
2
3
4
2
3
Field terminals for analog output
Analog output test terminals
Enclosure ground
Electrical entrances; plug unused entrance
B. Field Terminals
FIGURE 1-6 Digital Display and Field Terminals
Transmitters have an intrinsically safe, explosion proof, NEMA 4x (IP67/68), field mountable, hardened
enclosure. Electrical conduit connections are 1/2-14 NPT or M20 x 1.5. All process wetted materials are
316 stainless steel or better. The flush-mount process connection of the liquid level model is compatible
with standard ANSI and metric flange sizes for tanks and pipes.
1-8
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Introduction
1.3 RATING, APPROVAL, AND TAG PLATES
These plates are fastened to the outside of the transmitter
enclosure, as shown at right. The rating plate shows that
transmitter’s model number, serial number, and performance
data. The approval plate shows that transmitter’s approval and
certification data. Always refer to these plates to confirm the
model number, performance data and approval and certification
data before installing or servicing a transmitter. Representative
plates are shown below.
+
+
1
2
The tag plate is fastened with two screws so it can be
removed for engraving.
MG00353a
3
1 Rating plate
2 Approval plate
3 Tag plate
SIEMENS
SITRANS P
PED:SEP
Transmitter for diff. pressure
7MF4433-1EA22-1NC6-Z
B21
Fab. Nr. IX-T411-9014869
SIEMENS
1
2
VH :DC 10.5-45V (not intr. safe) outp.: 4-20 mA
Type of protection IP 65
Assembled in USA / Components of France
Rating Plate
MG00384b
: 2.4 - 240 inH2O
: MWP 2300 psi
SITRANS P
FM
(XP/DIP) or (IS)
CL I ZN 0/1 AEx ia IIC T4..T6 (FM)
APPROVED
Ex ia IIC T4..T6 (CSA cert.2000.1153651)
CL I DIV 1, GP ABCD T4..T6; CL II, DIV 1, GP EFG; CL III
Vi < 30V : Ii < 100 mA : Pi < 0.75 W
Ci < 6 nF : Li < 0.4 mH
Per Control Dwg. A5E00072770A
CL 1 Div 2 GP ABCD T4..T6
CL II DIV 2 GP FG; CL III
Mat.: Connec. Diaphr. O-ring Filling
1.4404 FPM Silicon oil
Measuring span
Rated pressure
Springhouse, PA USA
Vmax = 30 V
Ta = T4: -40..85ºC ; T6: -40..60ºC
ENCL Type 4X, seal not required
FW: 0011.03.06 HW: 02.05.01
Assembled in USA / Components of France
MG00384b
Springhouse, PA USA
Approval Plate
1 Model number
2 Serial number
1.4 CONFIGURATION
A transmitter must be configured before use. Each transmitter is shipped with either a default
configuration or, if specified at time of order, a custom configuration defined by the user. The default
configuration may need to be edited before the transmitter is used in a loop. The configuration is stored
within the transmitter in a non-volatile memory.
A configuration can be created or edited locally at the transmitter’s magnetic pushbuttons or remotely
using the Model 275 HART Communicator.
Note: If using a Model 375 Field Communicator, see the inside of the front
cover of this manual.
November 2010
1-9
Introduction
UMSITRPDS3-1
1.5 CUSTOMER/PRODUCT SUPPORT
Support is available through an online Support Request service; a link is provided in
the table at the end of this section.
When contacting Siemens for support:
•
•
Please provide complete product information:
•
For hardware, this information is provided on the product nameplate
(part number or model number, serial number, and/or version).
•
For most software, this information is given in the Help > About screen.
If there is a problem with product operation:
•
Is the problem intermittent or repeatable? What symptoms have been observed?
•
What steps, configuration changes, loop modifications, etc. were performed before the
problem occurred?
•
What status messages, error messages, or LED indications are displayed?
•
What troubleshooting steps have been performed?
•
Is the installation environment (e.g. temperature, humidity) within the product’s specified
operating parameters? For software, does the PC meet or exceed the minimum requirements
(e.g. processor, memory, operating system)?
•
A copy of the product Service Instruction, User’s Manual, or other technical publication should be at
hand. The Siemens public Internet site (see the table) has current revisions of technical literature, in
Portable Document Format, for downloading.
•
To send an instrument to Siemens for warranty or non-warranty service, call Customer Service and
Return to request a Return Material Authorization (RMA); see the table below.
IMPORTANT
An instrument must be thoroughly cleaned (decontaminated) to remove any process
materials, hazardous materials, or blood-borne pathogens prior to return for repair. Read
and complete the Siemens RMA form(s).
For support and the location of your local Siemens representative, refer to the table below for the URL of
the Process Instrumentation (PI) portion of the Siemens public Internet site. Once at the site, click
Support in the right column and then Product Support. Next select the type of support desired: sales,
technical (see the table below), documentation, or software.
Online Support Request
http://www.siemens.com/automation/support-request
Technical Support
1-800-333-7421; 8 a.m. to 4:45 p.m. eastern time, Monday through Friday (except
holidays)
Customer Service & Returns
1-800-365-8766 (warranty and non-warranty)
Public Internet Site
http://www.usa.siemens.com/pi
Technical Publications
in PDF
Click the above link to go to the PI home page. Click Support and then Manuals
and then, under “Additional Manuals,” select the product line (e.g. Control
Solutions)
1-10
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Model 275 Universal Hart Communicator
2.0 MODEL 275 UNIVERSAL HART COMMUNICATOR
The Model 275 Universal HART Communicator is a handheld interface that provides a common
communication link to SITRANS P transmitters and other HART-compatible instruments.
This section describes HART Communicator connections, liquid crystal display, keypad, and on-line and
off-line menus. It also provides overviews of many Communicator functions. The Communicator is
shown in Figure 2-1. For information about the Communicator’s battery pack, Memory Module, Data
Pack, and maintenance procedures, refer to the manual supplied with the Communicator.
2.1 INTRODUCTION
The HART Communicator connects to and communicates with a transmitter or other HART device using
a 4-20 mA loop, provided a minimum load resistance of 250Ω is present between the Communicator and
the power supply. The Communicator uses Bell 202 frequency-shift keying (FSK) to impose highfrequency digital signals on a standard 4-20 mA current loop. Because no net energy is added to the loop,
HART communication does not disturb the 4-20 mA signal.
The Communicator can be used in hazardous and non-hazardous locations.
WARNING
Explosion can cause death or serious injury.
Before connecting the HART Communicator in an
explosive atmosphere, be sure that the instruments in
the loop are installed in accordance with intrinsically
safe or non-incendive field wiring practices.
Refer to the Communicator nameplate and the supplied
manual for certifications and approvals before
connecting, or making a connection to the serial port or
NiCad charger port on the Communicator.
2.2 COMMUNICATOR CONNECTIONS
The Communicator can interface with a transmitter from the control room, the instrument site, or any
wiring termination point in the loop. Connections are made through a supplied 40" (1m) cable (dual
banana plug to mini-hook test clips). The connection panel also may have a jack for the optional NiCad
charger, and it has a serial port for a future connection to a personal computer (PC).
To interface with a transmitter or other HART device, connect the HART Communicator in parallel with
the instrument or load resistor. The connections are non-polar. For intrinsically safe FM and CSA wiring
connections, see the manual supplied with the Communicator.
Figure 2-2 illustrates typical wiring connections between the HART Communicator and a loop with a
transmitter or other HART-compatible device in a loop. The Communicator is quickly connected into a
transmitter loop.
November 2010
2-1
Model 275 Universal Hart Communicator
UMSITRPDS3-1
10
9
11
12
1
2
7
3
F1
F2
F3
F4
HART Communicator
I
MG00360a
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
4
O
ABC
DEF
1
2
3
JKL
MNO
PQR
4
5
6
STU
VWX
YZ/
7
8
#%&
0
<
.
GHI
5
9
>
* :+
_
6
Model 275 Universal HART Communicator
Liquid Crystal Display (LCD), 8 lines, 21 characters per line
Function Keys (softkeys), software defined
Action Keys – ON/OFF (I/O), Up Arrow, Quick Access Key (>>>), Previous Menu (Back, left arrow),
Down Arrow, Select (Forward, right arrow)
Alphanumeric Keys (keypad number sequence may be different from that shown)
Shift Keys – Use to select alphabetic and other characters above a number, period, or dash.
Communicator Nameplate – On back of device. See nameplate for certifications and approvals
before connecting in a hazardous location.
Communicator model number and serial number on back
Connection panel.
Non-polar loop connection; dual banana plug
Serial port for PC connection; DB9
NiCad Charger Jack, optional
FIGURE 2-1 Model 275 Universal HART Communicator
Note: If using a Model 375 Field Communicator, see the
inside of the front cover of this manual.
2-2
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Model 275 Universal Hart Communicator
Non-Hazardous
Location
Range Resistor
250, typical
Controller,
Recorder, or
Other 1-5 Vdc
Device; See
Note 2
Circuit
Junction
MG00359a
Current Sense
Resistor 250 to
1100; See Note 3
Hazardous
Location
+
Transmitter
Terminals
_
+
_
+
4-20 mA
See Note 4
I
I
O
O
I
O
See
Note 1
See
Note 1
I
O
Notes:
1 HART Communicator Connections:
Non-hazardous location – Connect as shown above.
Hazardous location – Refer to Communicator nameplate and the manual supplied with the
Communicator for certifications and approvals before connecting.
The HART Communicator is a non-polar device.
2 The System Power Supply may be part of the host input device or a separate device.
3 Network resistance equals the sum of the barrier resistances and the current sense resistor.
Minimum value is 250Ω; maximum value is 1100Ω.
4 Supply and return barriers are shown. Interconnect all cable shields and ground only at the barriers.
FIGURE 2-2 HART Communicator Connections to a Transmitter Loop
November 2010
2-3
Model 275 Universal Hart Communicator
UMSITRPDS3-1
2.3 CONTROLS OVERVIEW
As shown in Figure 2-1, the front of the HART Communicator has five major functional areas: liquid
crystal display (LCD), function keys, action keys, alphanumeric keys, and shift keys. The next five
sections describe how each of these functional areas is used to enter commands and display data.
2.3.1 Liquid Crystal Display
The liquid crystal display (LCD) is an 8-line by 21-character display that provides communication
between the user and a connected device. When the HART Communicator is connected to a SITRANS P
transmitter or other HART-compatible device, the top line of the Online menu displays the model name
of the device and its tag. A typical display is shown below. The actual display content can vary with the
device type and manufacturer.
SITRANS P
Online
1->Pres
2 Type
3 Device setup
"
Note: If using a Model 375 Field
Communicator, see the inside of
the front cover of this manual.
HELP |SAVE
The bottom line of each menu is reserved for dynamic labels for the software-defined function keys, F1F4, which are found directly below the display. More information on software-defined function keys is
given in the next section.
2.3.2 Software-Defined Function Keys
The four software-defined function keys (softkeys), located below the LCD and marked F1 through F4,
are used to perform software functions as indicated by the dynamic labels. Pressing the function key
immediately beneath a label activates the displayed function.
The label appearing above a function key indicates the function of that key for the current menu. For
example, in menus providing access to on-line help, the HELP label appears above the F1 key. In menus
providing access to the Online menu, the HOME label appears above the F3 key. Table 2-1 lists these
labels and describes what happens when each function key is pressed.
2-4
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Model 275 Universal Hart Communicator
TABLE 2-1 Function Keys with Their Labels and Actions Performed
F1
F2
F3
F4
HELP
ON/OFF
ABORT
OK
Access on-line help
Activate or deactivate a
bit-enumerated binary
variable
Terminate current task
Acknowledge
information on the
LCD
RETRY
DEL
ESC
ENTER
Try to reestablish
communication
Delete current
character or Quick
Access Key menu item
Leave a value
unchanged
Accept user-entered
data
EXIT
SEND
QUIT
EXIT
Leave the current menu
Send configuration
data to device
Terminate session
because of a
communication error
Leave the current menu
YES
PGUP
PGDN
NO
Answer to yes/no
question
Move up one help
screen
Move down one help
screen
Answer to yes/no
question
ALL
PREV
NEXT
ONE
Include current Quick
Access Key item on
Quick Access Key
menu for all devices
Go to previous
message in a list of
messages
Go to next message in
a list of messages
Include Quick Access
Key item for one
device
NEXT
SAVE
HOME
Go to the next variable
in off-line edit
Save information to
Communicator
Go the top menu in the
device description
FILTR
MARK
BACK
Open customization
menu to sort
configurations
Toggle marked
variable in
configuration to be sent
to a field device
Go back to the menu
from which HOME
was pressed
XPAND
EDIT
Opens detailed
configuration
information
Edit a variable value
CMPRS
ADD
Closes detailed
configuration
information
Add current item to
Quick Access Key
menu
November 2010
2-5
Model 275 Universal Hart Communicator
UMSITRPDS3-1
2.3.3 Action Keys
Directly beneath the LCD and software-defined function keys are six blue, white, and black action keys.
Each has a specific function as described below:
I
O
ON/OFF KEY – Use to power-up the Communicator. When the Communicator is turned on,
it automatically searches for a HART-compatible device on the 4-20 mA loop. If no device is
found, the Communicator displays the Main menu:
HART Communicator
1#Offline
2 Online
3 Frequency device
4 Utility
If a SITRANS P transmitter is found, the Communicator displays the Online menu:
SITRANS P
Online
1#Pres
2 Type
3 Device setup
"
HELP |SAVE
UP ARROW KEY – Use to move the cursor up through a menu or list of options or to scroll
through lists of available characters when editing fields that accept both alpha and numeric
data.
DOWN ARROW KEY – Use to move the cursor through a menu or a list of options or to
scroll through lists of available characters when editing fields that accept alpha and numeric
data.
LEFT ARROW/PREVIOUS MENU KEY – Use to move the cursor to the left or back to the
previous menu.
RIGHT ARROW/SELECT KEY – Use to move the cursor to the right or to select a menu
option.
QUICK ACCESS KEY (HOT KEY) – When the Communicator is on and connected to a
HART-compatible device, pressing the Quick Access Key instantly displays the Quick Access
Key menu of user-defined options. When the Communicator is off and the Quick Access Key
is pressed, the Communicator automatically powers-up and displays the Quick Access Key
menu.
See Section 2.6 for more information on using the Quick Access Key.
2-6
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Model 275 Universal Hart Communicator
IMPORTANT
When performing certain operations, the message “OFF KEY DISABLED”
indicates that the Communicator cannot be turned off. This feature helps prevent
accidental shutoff of the Communicator while the output of a device is fixed or a
device variable is being edited.
2.3.4 Alphanumeric and Shift Keys
The alphanumeric keys perform two functions: (1) rapid selection of menu options and (2) data entry. The
shift keys located below the alphanumeric keys on the keypad are used during data entry to select from
among the characters available above each number.
2.3.4.1 Rapid Selection of Menu Options
From any menu, use the keypad to select available options in two ways. First, use the UP or DOWN
arrow keys, followed by the RIGHT ARROW/SELECT key, to access available options displayed on the
LCD.
As an alternative, use the rapid select feature. Simply press the number on the alphanumeric keypad that
corresponds to the desired menu option. For example, to quickly access the Utility menu from the Main
menu, simply press “4” on the keypad.
2.3.4.2 Data Entry
Some menus require data entry. Use the alphanumeric and shift keys to enter all alphanumeric
information into the HART Communicator. Pressing an alphanumeric key alone while editing causes the
large character in the center of the key (number 0-9, decimal point, or dash) to be entered.
Pressing and releasing a shift key activates shift and causes the appropriate arrow icon ($, %, or &) to
appear in the upper right-hand corner of the LCD. When shift is activated, the indicated alpha characters
or symbols are entered when the keypad is used.
Example
To enter a number, such as “7,” simply press the number key.
To enter one of the small characters appearing above the large numeral (i.e., a letter, space, or
mathematical symbol), first press and release the corresponding shift key at the bottom of the keypad,
then press the desired alphanumeric key. To enter the letter “E,” press and release the middle shift key,
then press the number “2” key.
To deactivate a shift key without entering a letter, space, or mathematical symbol, simply press that shift
key again.
November 2010
2-7
Model 275 Universal Hart Communicator
UMSITRPDS3-1
2.4 GETTING TO KNOW THE COMMUNICATOR
The HART Communicator operates either on-line or off-line. Off-line operation is used to create or edit a
configuration that can then be downloaded to a HART device, such as a transmitter. On-line operation is
used to download a configuration to a HART device, upload a configuration, edit HART device operating
parameters, and monitor process values.
For off-line operation, the Communicator need not be connected to a HART device. On-line operation
requires a connection to a powered HART device.
The menu that appears first when the Communicator is turned on depends on whether the Communicator
is connected to a powered HART device.
•
Communicator not connected - Main menu (off-line operation)
•
Communicator connected - Online menu (on-line operation)
To work off-line when connected to a powered loop, access the Main menu from the Online menu by
pressing the LEFT ARROW/PREVIOUS MENU key.
Note
Communicator internal operation is controlled by firmware. Consequently,
operation will depend upon the firmware version and the installed device drivers,
as discussed in this section.
2.4.1 Display Icons
Several different symbols (icons) appear on the LCD to show the state of the Communicator and provide
visible response to actions of the user. Figure 2-3 shows the display icons and how they relate to keypad
functions.
HART Communication
( indicates connected
device is configured in
the burst mode)
HART Communicator
Low Battery
0
10/10/10
Yes
Access
Previous
Menu
X03034S1
Access Additional
Menu Items
Device Info
2 Dev Type
3 Dev ID
4 Tag
5 MM/DD/YY
6 Write Protect
FIGURE 2-3 HART Communicator Display Icons
2-8
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Model 275 Universal Hart Communicator
2.4.2 Menu Structure
The HART Communicator uses a hierarchical menu structure. That is, high-level menus are accessed
first, and they provide access to lower-level menus. This structure groups related functions together and
minimizes the number of options displayed at once.
To become familiar with the menu structure, perform the following actions:
1. With the Communicator off-line (not attached to any devices), press the ON/OFF key to turn the
Communicator on. The Communicator will perform a self-test routine and display the firmware
revision level installed in the Communicator. It will then display a “Polling?” query. Press NO (F4) to
go to the Main menu.
2. The cursor (#) will be positioned at “1 Offline” on the Main menu. Access the Utility menu by
pressing the DOWN arrow key three times, then pressing the RIGHT ARROW/SELECT key. The
display changes to show the Utility menu.
3. Access the Configure Communicator menu from the Utility menu by pressing the RIGHT
ARROW/SELECT key. The display changes to show the Configure Communicator menu.
4. Access the Contrast menu by pressing the DOWN arrow once, then pressing the RIGHT
ARROW/SELECT key. The display shows a message explaining how to adjust the LCD contrast.
5. Press ESC (F3) to return to the Configure Communicator menu.
6. Press the LEFT ARROW/PREVIOUS MENU key two times to return to the Main menu.
7. Press the ON/OFF key to turn the Communicator off.
2.4.3 Reviewing Installed Devices
For the HART Communicator to recognize a specific HART-compatible device, it must contain a
description for that device. Communicator device descriptions for Moore and Siemens products are listed
in Table 2-2. Device descriptions for many other HART-compatible devices from leading manufacturers
are included but not listed in the table.
Communicator firmware also contains a “generic” device description, which allows limited access to most
HART devices when no device description for that specific product is included.
To review the currently installed device descriptions:
1. Turn on the Communicator (off-line) to display the Main Menu.
2. In the Main menu, press “4 Utility” on the keypad.
3. In the Utility menu, press “5 Simulation” on the keypad. The LCD shows the Manufacturer menu,
which contains a list of manufacturers whose device descriptions are installed in the Communicator.
4. Press the DOWN arrow to highlight SIEMENS (or other manufacturer). Press the RIGHT
ARROW/SELECT key to reveal the Model menu, which lists the device descriptions currently
installed in the Communicator (see Table 2-2).
5. To end the review of devices, press the LEFT ARROW/PREVIOUS MENU key three times.
6. Turn off the Communicator or proceed to the next section.
November 2010
2-9
Model 275 Universal Hart Communicator
UMSITRPDS3-1
TABLE 2-2 Communicator Firmware Device Descriptions, Rev. F2.2
MODEL
FIELD
DEVICE
REVISION
DESCRIPTION
APPROXIMATE VINTAGE1
(Siemens) Moore Menu2
760D
Dev V2, DD V1
760D Valve Positioner
---
340A
Dev V1, DD V1
340 Transmitter (pushbutton design)
8/90 - 8/94, Model #s 340__A…
340A Type 6
Dev V1, DD V1
340 Transmitter (pushbutton design)
8/94 - 8/96, Model #s 340__A…
Dev V2, DD V1
340 Transmitter (magnetic switch
design)
Present, Model #s 340__B…
340B
Dev V1, DD V1
340 Transmitter-Controllers
(pushbutton design)
8/90 - 8/96, Model #s 340__B…
340S
Dev V1, DD V1
340 Transmitter
---
341 Type 5
Dev V1, DD V1
341 Transmitter
8/94 - Present, Model #s 341…
343
Dev V1, DD V1
343 Temperature Transmitter
---
344
Dev V1, DD V1
344 Transmitter-Controller
8/90 - 8/94 Model #s 344…
Dev V2, DD V1
344 Transmitter-Controller
8/90 - Present, Model #s 344…
Dev V1, DD V1
345 Transmitter-Controller
8/99 - Present
Dev V2, DD V1
Siemens DS3 Pressure Transmitter
12/00 - Present
Dev V5, DD V4
Generic
---
345
Siemens Menu
SITRANS P DS3
Rosemount
Generic
Notes:
1
Always verify the model and field device revision for the device at hand. For the device model, refer to
the Rating Plate (Nameplate). Refer to Appendix A Online Configuration Map to access the “Revision
Numbers” menu using the HART Communicator.
2
Menu refers to the HART Communicator’s “Manufacturer” screen.
2-10
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Model 275 Universal Hart Communicator
2.5 MAIN MENU
The Main menu is shown at right. To access the Main menu:
Communicator not connected to a HART device – Press
the Communicator’s ON/OFF key, the first menu to appear
after powering up is a “Poll?” query. Since a device is not
connected, press NO (F4). The Main menu (at right) will
then appear.
HART Communicator
1->Offline
2 Online
3 Frequency Device
4 Utility
Communicator connected to a powered HART device –
Press the Communicator’s ON/OFF key, the Online menu
appears. To access the Main menu, press the LEFT
ARROW/PREVIOUS MENU key until the Main menu
appears. Alternatively, press HOME (F3) to display the
Online menu, followed by the LEFT ARROW/PREVIOUS
MENU key to display the Main menu.
In the Main menu, access an additional menu by either:
•
Moving the cursor to the selection using the UP or DOWN arrow key, followed by pressing the
RIGHT ARROW/SELECT key
•
Pressing the appropriate number (1-4) on the alphanumeric keypad.
November 2010
2-11
Model 275 Universal Hart Communicator
UMSITRPDS3-1
2.5.1 Offline Menu
The Offline menu provides access to two other menus: New Configuration and Saved Configuration.
These two configuration menus can be used without connecting to a HART-compatible device, but it is
not possible to send saved data to a device if no device is connected.
In the Main menu, press “1 Offline” on the keypad or the RIGHT ARROW/SELECT key to access the
Offline menu. The complete menu tree for the Offline Menu is shown in Figure 2-4.
Main Menu
1 Offline
1 New
Configuration
2 Save
Configuration
1 Moore Products
2 Rosemount
3 Siemens
1 Module Contents
2 Data Pack
Contents
3 PC
List of Models
List of
Configurations
Field Device
Revision
1 Edit
From a Blank
Template
1 Mark all
2 Unmark all
3 Edit individually >
4 Save as...
1 Location
2 Name
3 Data type
1 Mark all
2 Unmark all
3 Edit individually >
4 Save as...
1 Location
2 Name
3 Data type
2 Copy to...
3 Send
4 Print
5 Delete
6 Rename
7 Compare
2 Online
3 Frequency
Device
4 Utility
Note: > = See Table 2-3 for additional menu
options
FIGURE 2-4 Offline Menu Map
TABLE 2-3 Offline Menu Map Continued, “Edit individually” Options1
Tag (type)2
Descriptor (type)
Date (type)
Pressure unit (select)
Pressure LRV (type)
Pressure URV (type)
Pres transfer function (select)
Pressure damp (type)
AO alarm type (select)
Alarm LRV (type)
Alarm URV (type)
Pres xfer function (select)
Pressure damp (type)
AO alarm type (select)
Alarm LRV (type)
Alarm URV (type)
Upper AO limit (type)
Lower AO limit (type)
Meter type (select)
Process connection (select)
Flange type (select)
Flange material (select)
O ring material (select)
Process flange bolt (select)
DrainVent / plug mat (select)
DrainVent / plug POS (select)
RS type (select)
RS isoltr material (select)
RS fill fluid (select)
Num remote seal (select)
Extension length (select)
Electrical connection (select)
Local keys ctrl mod (select)
Bargraph (select)
Unit tracking (select)
Local display unit (select)
Measuring speed (select)
Final assembly num (type)
Notes:
1. Menu sequence is read top to bottom, left to right.
2. (type) = type a value or text; (select) = select from the list offered.
2-12
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Model 275 Universal Hart Communicator
2.5.1.1 New Configuration
This option is used to compile a custom set of device configuration data for downloading later to one or
more HART-compatible devices. Downloading the same data to multiple devices ensures that they all
store identical configuration data.
Use the following steps to compile off-line, new device configuration data:
1. From the Main menu, press “1” to access the Offline menu.
2. Press “1” to enter a new configuration. The Manufacturer
menu appears.
3. Choose a manufacturer by scrolling to the manufacturer
name with the DOWN arrow, then pressing RIGHT
ARROW/SELECT. For a SITRANS P transmitter, choose
Siemens. The Model menu appears.
HART Communicator
Offline
"
1->New configuration
2 Saved configuration
HELP
4. From the Model menu, choose a device by scrolling through
the list, then pressing RIGHT ARROW/SELECT. The Field
Device Revision (Fld dev rev) menu appears.
The Field Device Revision menu contains the currently
installed software revisions for the field device and device
descriptions (DD) for the model selected from the Model
menu.
Select the software revision (RIGHT ARROW/SELECT or
number) to access the Blank Template menu (at right). To
display the software revision for a particular device, connect
the Communicator to the device and follow instructions
given in the device manual.
To find the field device revision (compatible device
description) for a SITRANS P transmitter:
Unnamed
From Blank Template "
1->Mark all
2 Unmark all
3 Edit individually
4 Save as...
HELP |SAVE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Connect the Communicator to the transmitter.
Apply power to the transmitter.
Turn on the Communicator.
In the Online menu, select “3 Device Setup.”
In the Device Setup menu, select “4 Detailed Setup.”
In the Detailed setup menu, select “4 Device
Information.”
7. In the Device Information menu, select “6 Revision
numbers.” Revision numbers for the Communicator and
the transmitter will be listed.
November 2010
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Model 275 Universal Hart Communicator
UMSITRPDS3-1
5. With the Blank Template menu displayed, choose from the
options available, as follows:
Mark All – Flags (selects) all configurable variables for
sending to a connected HART-compatible device.
Unmark All – Remove the flags from all configurable
variables in the configuration. Unmarked configuration
variables are not sent to a connected device.
Edit Individually – Open the Edit individually menu (at
right).
Example
The Edit individually menu permits the user to type or
change a configuration parameter. For example, to add a tag,
press the EDIT function key (F3) to and type the tagname.
Then press NEXT to move to the next configurable
parameter.
Unnamed
Edit individually
Tag
********
Not marked to send
NEXT |MARK |EDIT |EXIT
Save As. . .
Selecting the Save As option allows a new configuration to
be saved to either the Memory Module or the Data Pack.
The Memory Module holds up to 10 typical configurations,
and contains the operating system software and device
application software in non-volatile memory. The Data Pack
stores up to 100 typical configurations in nonvolatile,
removable memory.
Example
From the Offline menu, choose 1 New configuration. This
displays the Manufacturer menu. Choose a device, then
choose a model from the Model menu. Choose a software
revision from the Fld dev rev menu.
The Communicator creates a configuration and displays the
Blank Template menu. Choose Save as... to display the Save
as... menu (at right). With the Location highlighted, press the
SAVE (F2) function key to save the configuration.
If the location highlighted is the Module, but the
configuration is to be stored in the Data Pack, or vice versa,
press the RIGHT ARROW/SELECT key to display the
Location menu. Choose either Module or Data Pack by
pressing ENTER (F4). This displays the Save as... menu
again. Press SAVE (F2) to save the configuration in the
desired location.
2-14
Unnamed
Save as...
"
1->Location
Module
2 Name
3 Data Type Standard
HELP|SAVE
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Model 275 Universal Hart Communicator
The Save As... menu also is used to enter or edit the
configuration Name and Data Type. To name a
configuration, simply choose option 2, then use the keypad
with shift keys to enter the name as shown at right.
Unnamed
Name
UNNAMED
MYNAME#1
When the Save As... menu is displayed, one of the options –
Standard, Partial, or Full – will be shown. To change the
option, move the cursor to the Data Type ______ line of the
Save As... menu and press the RIGHT ARROW/SELECT
key to display the Data Type menu (below right).
HELP|SAVE
Data Type Standard refers to all user-editable variables in a
device configuration. Data Type Partial refers to only the
marked editable variables. Data Type Full refers to a all
device variables, whether user-editable or not. In general, it
is best to save as Data Type Standard. Saving as Data Type
Full preserves a complete configuration for future reference.
Unnamed
Data Type
Standard
Standard
Partial
Full
When all changes have been made, save the new
configuration to either the Memory Module or the Data Pack
and return to the Offline menu.
HELP
November 2010
ESC|ENTER
2-15
Model 275 Universal Hart Communicator
2.5.1.2 Saved Configuration
The second option on the Offline menu is the Saved
Configuration menu, which permits access to previously stored
configuration data.
1. Press “2” from the Offline Menu to display the Saved
Configuration menu (at right).
2. Select either Module Contents or Data Pack Contents to
open stored configurations. Both storage locations list all
saved configurations by assigned Tag. See XPAND (below)
for more configuration identification details. (Note: The PC
option shown on the menu is not operational with firmware
release 1.6.)
The Module Contents menu, which lists the configurations
currently stored in the Memory Module, is shown at right.
The Data Pack menu is similar. Both give the user several
options for handling and viewing configuration data, as
explained below.
FILTR
The FILTR function key (F1) opens a menu that provides
both Sort and Filter options. These options select only the
chosen configurations from all those stored. This is
particularly valuable for the Data Pack, which stores up to
100 configurations.
UMSITRPDS3-1
HART Communicator
Saved Configuration "
1->Module Contents
2 Data Pack Contents
3 PC
HELP
HART Communicator
Data Pack Contents
->PT101
PT102
PT103S
PT104
"
FILTR|XPAND
Sort allows unique device configurations to be grouped and
displayed by Tag, Descriptor, or user-assigned Name.
Use Filter to group and display configurations according to
certain characters within the chosen device identifier (Tag,
Descriptor, or Name). Filter is useful for selecting all the
tags from a certain area of the process or plant.
When setting up a Filter (see display at right), two wildcard
characters, the period (.) and the asterisk (*) are used. The
period replaces a single character of any value. The asterisk
replaces one or more alphanumeric characters of any value.
For example, if A-*-.1 is entered as the filter, the
configurations displayed will be all those with device tags
starting with A-, followed by any combination of characters
(e.g., XYZ, S2, 3R) followed by a dash, followed by any
single character (e.g., 1, D, M), and ending with a 1. Tags AM1-B1, A-N2-Z1, and A-SF-X1 would display, whereas the
tags BA53, PT101, and ATT48 would not.
2-16
HART Communicator
Tag Filter
*
A-*-1
HELP|DEL |ESC |ENTER
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Model 275 Universal Hart Communicator
XPAND
The XPAND function key allows a user to view the Tag,
Descriptor, and Name for the configuration being edited or
viewed. Selecting Compress restores the previous
compressed display, which shows only the current Tag,
Descriptor, or Name.
3. With the Module Contents or Data Pack Contents menu
displayed, press the RIGHT ARROW/SELECT key to open
the Saved Configuration menu for a device that was
highlighted (at right).
Edit – displays the Edit menu, providing the same functions
as described under “Edit individually” in Section 2.5.1.1.
When editing off-line, only stored data may be edited.
Moreover, data stored as a Partial configuration must be
converted to a Standard configuration, then saved, prior to
editing.
PT118
Saved Configuration "
1->Edit
2 Copy to...
3 Send
4 Print
5 Delete
HELP
Copy To... – specifies the storage location for a copy of the
configuration. Copy To... also provides a way to change the
configuration name.
Send – sends a saved configuration to a connected device.
Print – not implemented with firmware release 1.6.
Delete – removes a saved configuration from memory. A
confirmation message appears. Press Yes or No to complete the
function.
Rename – provides access to the configuration name editing
menu. After making name changes, enter and save the data to
return to the previous storage location menu.
Compare – compares a selected device configuration from a
stored location with other device configurations. The HART
Communicator can compare device types, variables, marked
lists, and other configuration parameters. Messages appear
indicating if the configurations compared are the same or
different.
November 2010
2-17
Model 275 Universal Hart Communicator
UMSITRPDS3-1
2.5.2 Online Menu
An operating transmitter can be tested and configured from the Online menu. Options available through
the SITRANS P Online menu are summarized in Figure 2-5 (Appendix A contains a more detailed menu
map). The Online menu is displayed when the Communicator contains a device description for the
connected HART device. If not, the Generic Online menu is displayed (see Figure 2-6).
The Online menu can also be accessed from the Main menu by pressing “2 Online.”
Online Menu
When the Communicator is connected to a powered transmitter,
it will poll the device to obtain: type, address, configuration, and
process data. The Online menu shows the device type at the top
of the display, if it is a supported device. SITRANS P-specific
menu options are described in detail in Sections 3 and 6.
SITRANS P
Online
1->Press
2 Type
3 Device Setup
If a device description for the connected device is not in the
Communicator, contact the device manufacturer. The Communicator provides a generic interface so that functions common
to all HART-compatible devices can be accessed.
HELP |SAVE
"
Generic Menu
The Generic Online menu (at right) is the first menu in the
generic interface. It displays critical, up-to-date device
information. Configuration parameters for the connected device
may be accessed using the Device setup option. Figure 2-6
shows the complete Generic Online menu tree.
From the Online menu, use the options below to change device
configurations.
1151:GENERIC
♥
Online
"
1->Device setup
2 PV
50.0000 inH2O
3 AO
12.000 mA
4 LRV
0.0000 in H2O
5 URV 100.0000 in H2O
SAVE
Device setup – provides access to the Device Setup menu.
Configurable device parameters common to all HARTcompatible devices can be accessed from this menu.
Primary Variable (PV) – the dynamic primary variable and the
related engineering unit. When the primary variable contains too
many characters to display on the Online menu, access the PV
menu to view the primary variable and related engineering units
by pressing “1.”
Analog Output (AO) – the dynamic output and the related
engineering units. The analog output is a signal on the 4-20 mA
scale that corresponds to the primary variable. When analog
output contains too many characters to display on the Online
menu, access the PV AO Menu to view the analog output and
related engineering unit by pressing “3.”
2-18
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
1 Device setup*
Model 275 Universal Hart Communicator
1 Process variables
2 Diagnostics and
service
1 Pressure +
2 Percent range +
3 Analog output +
4 Sensor temperature +
1 Diagnosis
2 Simulation / Test
1 Min / max pointer >
2 Operating hours >
3 Warnings / alarms >
4 Status >
1 Simulation
2 Test
3 Control modes
4 Trim
5 Restore manufacturers
trims
6 All measured values
3 Basic setup
4 Detailed setup
1 Tag
2 Unit
3 Position correction
4 LRV
5 URV
6 Damp
7 Transfer function
1 Sensors
1 Local keys ctrl mode
2 Write protect (status)
3 Set write protect
1 Position correction
2 Sensor trim >
3 Trim analog output >
1 All trims
2 DAC trims
3 Position correction
4 Sensor trim >
1 Pressure +
2 Raw value
3 Sensor Temp +
4 El Temp +
5 AO +
1 Pressure sensor
2 Temperature sensor
2 Signal condition
3 Output condition
4 Device information
1 Process variables >
2 Position correction
3 Zero / span set >
4 Damping
5 Transfer function
6 Measuring speed
1 Analog output +
2 HART output >
1 Ranges and limits >
2 Common device
information >
3 Sensor information >
4 Remote seal >
5 Local meter >
6 Revision numbers >
5 Reviews >
2 PV
3 AO
4 LRV
5 URV
Step thru configuration
Notes:
1 Loop Test
2 Inputs >
1 Self Test
2 Master reset
1 Pressure +
2 Unit
1 Sensor temperature +
2 El temperature +
Polling address and number of preambs
Module range, pressure USL and LSL,
and minimum span
Manufacturer, model, measurement type,
etc.
Process connection, flange type, etc.
Seal type, material, fill, etc.
Type, engineering units, bargraph
activation.
Universal; field device DD,
software/firmware, and hardware.
* = Reached from the Online menu by pressing 3 Device setup
> = Press to access lower level menu(s) not shown
+ = Active data displayed
HART Communicator, Rev 5
FIGURE 2-5 SITRANS P Online Menu Map
November 2010
2-19
Model 275 Universal Hart Communicator
1 Device setup
1 Process variables
2 Diagnostics and
service
UMSITRPDS3-1
1 Preset variable
2 Percent range
3 Analog output
1 Test device
2 Loop test
3 Calibration
1 Self test
2 Status
1 Rerange
2 Trim analog output
1 Keypad input
2 Apply values
1 D/A trim
2 Scaled D/A trim
3 Sensor trim
3 Basic setup
4 Detailed setup
1 Tag
2 Unit
3 Range values
4 Device information
5 Transfer function
6 Damping
1 Sensors
2 Signal condition
3 Output condition
1 Date
2 Descriptor
3 Message
4 Write protect
5 Meter type
1 Process variables
2 Sensor service
3 Unit
1 Process variables
2 Range values
3 Unit
4 Transfer Function
5 Damping
1 Process variables
2 Analog output
3 AO alarm type
4 HART output
4 Device Information
1 Field device info
1 Sensor trim
2 Characterize
1 Loop test
2 D/A trim
3 Scaled D/A trim
1 Poll address
2 Number of request preams
3 Burst mode
4 Burst option
1 Tag
2 Date
3 Descriptor
4 Message
5 Model
6 Write protect
7 Revision #’s
8 Final assembly #
9 Device ID
10 Distributor
2 Sensor information
3 Meter type
4 Self test
5 Review
2 PV
3 AO
4 LRV
5 URV
FIGURE 2-6 Generic Online Menu Map
2-20
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Model 275 Universal Hart Communicator
Lower Range Value (LRV) – the current lower range value and
the related engineering unit. When the lower range value
contains too many characters to display on the Online menu,
access the PV LRV Menu to view the lower range value and
related engineering unit by pressing “4.”
Upper Range Value (URV) – the current upper range value and
the related engineering unit. When the lower range value
contains too many characters to display on the Online menu,
access the PV URV Menu to view the upper range value and
related engineering unit by pressing “5.”
2.5.3 Frequency Device Menu
From the Main menu, press “3” to access the Frequency Device menu. This menu displays the frequency
output and corresponding pressure output for current-to-pressure devices. For SITRANS P transmitters,
the display frequency and pressure values are both “none.”
2.5.4 Utility Menu
From the Main menu, press “4” to access the Utility menu (at
right). This menu provides functions that affect the operation of
the Communicator, not the connected devices.
2.5.4.1 Configure Communicator
From the Utility Menu, press “1” to access the Configure
Communicator menu (below right). Use this menu to set the
polling, adjust the contrast of the LCD, set the Communicator
shutoff time, or set how many diagnostics messages to ignore
before a warning message is displayed.
Use the Polling option to direct the HART Communicator to
search for a connected device. The Communicator finds every
device in the loop and lists them by tag number. If Polling is
Never Poll, then the Communicator will not find a connected
device.
The Contrast menu is used to change the LCD contrast. Contrast
returns to the default value when the Communicator is turned
off.
HART Communicator
Utility
"
1->Configure Communic
2 System Information
3 Listen for PC
4 Storage Location
5 Simulation
6 Selftest
HART Communicator
Configure Communica "
1->Polling
2 Contrast
3 Off Time
4 Ignore diagnostics
5 Delete configs
HELP
Off Time is used to set the Communicator to turn off
automatically when not in use to conserve battery power.
The Communicator normally displays diagnostic messages from
a connected device. The Ignore Diagnostics option permits the
user to specify the number of messages to ignore so that
messages will not be displayed as often, extending the time
between displayed messages. The message count defaults to a
nominal count of 50 each time the Communicator is turned on.
The Delete Configs option is used to delete all configurations
stored in the Module, data pack, or Hotkey menu.
November 2010
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Model 275 Universal Hart Communicator
UMSITRPDS3-1
2.5.4.2 System Information
From the Utility menu, press “2” to access the System
Information menu (at right). This menu can be used to provide
information on the motherboard (e.g., firmware revision
number), the module hardware and software characteristics, and
the Data Pack EEPROM.
HART Communicator
System Information
1->Motherboard
2 Module
3 Data Pack
2.5.4.3 Listen for PC
Not implemented in firmware release 1.6.
HELP|DEL |ESC |ENTER
2.5.4.4 Storage Location
From the Utility menu, the Storage Location menu (at right)
provides access to data concerning the Memory Module or the
Data Pack. Information available through this menu includes a
label for the Memory Module or Data Pack, a feature that
displays the total storage used (bytes) and the storage remaining
(“free” bytes). The PC selection is not implemented in firmware
release 1.6.
2.5.4.5 Simulation
The HART Communicator provides a mode that allows users to
simulate an on-line connection to a HART-compatible device
without connecting to the device. The simulation mode is a
training tool that allows users to become familiar with different
devices before configuring them in a critical environment.
HART Communicator
Storage location
1->Module
2 Data Pack
3 PC
"
"
HELP|DEL |ESC |ENTER
Simulation of an on-line connection is done by selecting a
manufacturer from the Manufacturer menu, then selecting a
device from the Model menu, just as is done when on-line. After
selecting a software revision, the Online menu for the simulated
device is displayed. Functions are the same as those available
when on-line.
2.5.4.6 Selftest
Selftest performs a test of the Communicator.
2-22
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Model 275 Universal Hart Communicator
2.6 USING THE QUICK ACCESS KEY
Pressing the Quick Access Key (Hot Key) while on-line displays the Quick Access Key menu, a userdefinable menu that provides immediate access to up to 20 frequently performed tasks. The Quick Access
Key menu is accessible when the Communicator is powered and on-line, or when the Communicator is
off, by simply pressing the Quick Access Key. For the Quick Access Key to be active, the Communicator
must be connected properly to a HART-compatible device.
From the factory, the Quick Access Key menu includes (for SITRANS P only):
Zero/Span set – View variables such as percent range, process value, set point, and valve.
Use of this function is described in Section 6.1.3. More options can be added to provide rapid access to
frequently performed tasks. User-defined options can be deleted later, but the factory option is permanent.
To use the Quick Access Key:
1. Connect the Communicator to a powered HART-compatible device.
2. Press the Quick Access Key (upper right-hand key in the
action keys group). The Communicator will power-up and
display the Quick Access Key menu (at right).
SITRANS P
Hotkey configuration "
1->Zero/span set
Before any custom options have been installed, the Quick
Access Key menu displays only the five factory-installed
options. To add options, see Section 2.6.1.
3. Use the UP and DOWN arrows followed by the RIGHT
ARROW/SELECT key to choose an option, or press the
option’s number on the keypad. The menu for the chosen
option displays.
SAVE
4. Follow the instructions given in Section 6.1.3 to use the
option selected.
5. When finished, press the Quick Access Key to return to the
previous menu.
November 2010
2-23
Model 275 Universal Hart Communicator
UMSITRPDS3-1
2.6.1 Adding Quick Access Key Options
The Quick Access Key menu contains space for up to 20 on-line options. For example, if device tags and
damping must be changed often, simply add both of them to the menu. The Communicator automatically
saves them so they can be accessed quickly by pressing the Quick Access Key.
From one of the menus or submenus reached via the Online menu, use the following steps to add
customized options to the Quick Access Key Menu:
1. Using the UP or DOWN arrow keys, move the menu bar to highlight the option to be added to the
Quick Access Key menu (e.g., Damping, under the Configure Xmtr\Sensor Input menu).
SITRANS P
2. Press any shift key, release it, then press the Quick Access
Hotkey Configuration
Key. The Hotkey Configuration menu displays (at right).
ADD: Pres
Zero/span set
The Hotkey Configuration menu displays the new topic
being added to the list of current Quick Access Key options.
For example, in the figure at right, Damping is being added.
3. Press ADD (F3) to add the option. Pressing EXIT (F4)
terminates the procedure and displays the menu that was
displayed when “Shift,” Quick Access Key was pressed.
ADD|EXIT
4. After pressing ADD (F3), either press ALL (F1) to add the
new option to the Quick Access Key menu for all the
HART-compatible devices supported by the Communicator
or press ONE (F4) to add the option to the Quick Access
Key Menu only for the type of device that is currently
connected.
5. Next, the question “Mark as read-only variable on Quick
Access Key menu?” may appear. Press YES (F1) to mark the
variable for this option as read-only. Press NO (F4) to mark
the variable as read/write. Marking a parameter for a device
as read-only allows users to view, but not change, the
parameter using the Quick Access Key Menu. Marking it as
read/write permits the value to be changed from the Quick
Access Key menu.
Finally, “Display value of variable on hotkey menu?” is
displayed. Press YES (F1) to display the current variable
associated with the option next to the option on the Quick
Access Key menu as shown at right for Damping and Tag.
Press NO (F2) not to display the variable on the Quick
Access Key menu.
6. When finished adding options, press EXIT (F4) to exit the
Hotkey Configuration menu and return to the menu of the
last option deleted.
2-24
SITRANS P
Hotkey Configuration "
Zero/span set
Pres
EXIT
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Model 275 Universal Hart Communicator
2.6.2 Deleting Quick Access Key Options
Use the following steps to delete an option from the Quick
Access Key menu:
1. From any on-line menu, press any shift key, release it, then press the Quick Access Key.
2. The Hotkey Configuration menu displays (at right).
3. Using the UP or DOWN arrow key, move the menu bar to
highlight the option to be deleted and press DEL (F2).
Factory-provided options cannot be deleted.
4. When finished deleting options, press EXIT (F4) to exit the
Hotkey Configuration menu and return to the menu of the
last option deleted.
SITRANS P
Hotkey Configuration
ADD: Descriptor
%
Range Xmtr
Damping
Tag
DEL |ADD |EXIT
!
November 2010
2-25
Model 275 Universal Hart Communicator
2-26
UMSITRPDS3-1
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Pre-Installation Test
3.0 PRE-INSTALLATION TEST
Prior to installation, the transmitter can be tested and operated from the HART Communicator. This test
consists of checking that the transmitter is operational and that all configuration information is correct.
Section 5 Post-Installation Test provides an on-line test procedure. For an in-depth discussion of
transmitter configuration, refer to Section 6 On-Line Configuration and Operation.
IMPORTANT
Transmitter orientation will affect the analog output zero. Refer to Section 7.1
Calibration for details.
3.1 PROCEDURE
A complete transmitter functional test can be performed and configuration procedures can be practiced.
To operate the transmitter on a test bench, make the connections shown in Figure 3-1. Figure 3-2 shows
the connections if these tests are to be performed after transmitter installation. A pressure source can also
be connected.
3
Vdc
MG00357a
_
mA
+
+
250
_
1
4
+
I
5
_
+
4-20 mA
O
2
1 Transmitter field terminals
2 Analog output test terminals
3 Digital milliammeter
4 DC power supply
5 HART Communicator
Notes:
1.
2.
Loop current can be shown on the optional transmitter
display in 0-100%.
Alternatively, the milliammeter can be connected to the
transmitter’s analog output test terminals and the power
supply positive (+) terminal connected to the transmitter’s
positive (+) terminal.
FIGURE 3-1 Bench Test Connections
Note: If using a Model 375 Field Communicator, see the inside of the front cover of this
manual.
November 2010
3-1
Pre-Installation Test
UMSITRAPDS3-1
5
+
250
1
_
+
_
Vdc
_
2
+
4-20 mA
+
4
_
6
MG00358b
mA
I
+
O
3
1 Transmitter field terminals
2 Analog output terminals
3 Digital milliammeter
4 HART Communicator
5 Controller, recorder, indicator, or other 1-5 Vdc device
6 DC power supply
Note: Loop current can also be shown on the optional transmitter
display in 0-100%.
FIGURE 3-2 Field Test Connections
3.1.1 Test Equipment
TEST EQUIPMENT
DESCRIPTION (see Specifications, Section 9.3)
Power Supply
10.5 to 45 Vdc, see Power Supply Requirements, Section 4.3.5
Multimeter:
Current
Range: 4 to 20 mA to measure loop current
Voltage
Range: 0-50 Vdc to measure power supply and loop voltage
Current Sense Resistor
250 to 1100Ω to support HART digital communications
Configuration Device
Model 275 HART Communicator or Model 375 Field Communicator
Pressure Source
Dead Weight Tester or similar device.
Note
Test equipment should be 2 to 10 times more accurate than the transmitter
accuracy.
3-2
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Pre-Installation Test
3.2 ESTABLISHING COMMUNICATION
1. Connect the transmitter, power supply, and HART Communicator in a loop.
2. Apply power to the transmitter.
3. Press the HART Communicator’s I/O key. The first display
is the Online menu (at right). Appropriate values for pressure
and device type should be displayed.
4. If the Online menu does not appear, or if a “Device not
found” message displays, check connections and power
source and repeat the above steps.
SITRANS P
Online
1->Press
2 Type
3 Device Setup
"
HELP |SAVE
3.3 TESTING THE TRANSMITTER
Although a transmitter continuously performs an on-line selftest, a more extensive self-test can be performed when
communication with the HART Communicator has been
established.
Note: If using a Model 375 Field
Communicator, see the inside of
the front cover of this manual.
1. In the Online menu, choose option 3 Device setup, then press 2 Diag/Service, and finally press 2
Simulation/Test.
2. In the Simulation/Test menu, choose option 2 Test and then
press1 Self test or press the RIGHT ARROW/SELECT key
to start the test.
3. The transmitter performs the self-test.
•
If testing is successful, the message “Self test OK” appears and the Communicator returns to the
Test menu.
•
If testing fails, the message “Transmitter FAILED the
transmitter selftest” displays, and the transmitter goes to
the prescribed failsafe condition. Refer to Section 7
Calibration and Maintenance to troubleshoot the
transmitter.
4. Press the HOME softkey to return to the Online menu.
November 2010
3-3
Pre-Installation Test
UMSITRAPDS3-1
3.4 REVIEWING CONFIGURATION DATA
Review the configuration before placing a transmitter in service
to ensure that the proper data has been stored.
1. Establish communication as described in Section 3.2.
2. In the Online menu, press 3 Device Setup, then 5 Review.
3. Press NEXT to review configuration parameters. See the
screen at right. To return to the Device setup menu, press
EXIT. Parameters cannot be changed in the Review mode.
Exit the Review mode and enter either Basic Setup or
Detailed Setup to change parameters.
SITRANS P
Review
Pressure unit
inH2O
HELP |PREV |NEXT |EXIT
4. If configuration parameters have been changed, save the
configuration. Note the filename and location.
5. To send the configuration to a transmitter:
1. Press the LEFT ARROW/PREVIOUS key until the Main Menu is reached.
2. Press 1 Offline, then press 2 Saved Configuration.
3. Select the location of the configuration and then select the desired configuration from the list of
stored configurations.
4. Press 3 Send to download the configuration to the transmitter. If the configuration is incompatible
with the transmitter, a warning message will appear.
3.5 CHECKING TRANSMITTER OUTPUT
To be sure that the transmitter is reading the proper pressure in
the proper units, use a dead weight tester or other acceptable
pressure standard to apply 0, 25, 50, 75, and 100% of input
values to the transmitter. Check that the corresponding outputs
are 4, 8, 12, 16, and 20 mA.
With the transmitter configured and powered, and with the test
equipment in place, perform the following steps:
1. Connect the HART Communicator and press the I/O Key.
2. In the Online menu, press 3 Device setup, then 1 Process
variables. View applied pressure and transmitter output.
3. Apply pressure representing 0% of the configured range.
Wait at least 5 seconds.
4. The current should read 4.00 mA.
5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 for pressures representing 25, 50, 75,
and 100% of the configured range. Check for the
corresponding pressure readings and current values.
This completes the pre-installation test of the transmitter.
3-4
SITRANS P:
♥
Process Variables
"
1->Press
0.000 inH2O
2 % rnge
1.00%
3 AO
4.000 mA
4 Snsr Temp
24.8°C
'
HELP |SAVE |HOME
!
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Installation
4.0 INSTALLATION
Transmitter installation is discussed in this section. Topics include: equipment delivery and handling,
environmental and installation considerations, and mechanical and electrical installation.
IMPORTANT
Before installing or servicing the transmitter:
•
Read the information on the transmitter’s rating and approval plates and ensure that the correct model
is at hand and that the correct procedures in this manual are followed. See Section 9.1 Model
Designations for an explanation of the model designation alphanumeric sequence shown on the rating
plate.
•
The installation must conform to the National Electrical Code and all other applicable construction
and electrical codes. Refer to the installation drawings in Appendix B when locating a transmitter in a
hazardous area.
•
Refer to Section 9.6 Hazardous Area Classifications for approval agency requirements that affect
installation and use of the instrument and for additional statements concerning installation in a
hazardous environment.
4.1 EQUIPMENT DELIVERY AND HANDLING
Prior to shipment, a transmitter is fully tested and inspected to ensure proper operation. It is then
packaged for shipment. Most accessories are shipped separately. The contents of a box are listed on a
packing slip.
4.1.1 Receipt of Shipment
Each carton should be inspected at the time of delivery for possible external damage. Any visible damage
should be recorded immediately on the carrier’s copy of the delivery slip.
Each carton should be unpacked carefully and its contents checked against the enclosed packing list. At
the same time, each item should be inspected for any hidden damage that may or may not have been
accompanied by exterior carton damage.
If it is found that some items have been damaged or are missing, notify Siemens immediately and provide
full details. In addition, damage must be reported to the carrier with a request for their on-site inspection
of the damaged item and its shipping carton.
4.1.2 Storage
If a transmitter is to be stored for a period prior to installation, review the environmental requirements in
Section 9.3 Specifications.
November 2010
4-1
Installation
UMSITRPDS3-1
4.2 ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS
Many industrial processes create severe environmental conditions. The conditions at each transmitter
location must be within the specifications stated in Section 9.3 Specifications.
Although the transmitter is designed to perform in harsh conditions, it is prudent to choose a location that
minimizes the effects of heat, vibration, shock, and electrical interference.
CAUTION
Exceeding the specified operating temperature limits can adversely affect
performance and may damage the instrument. See the rating plate and Section 9
Model Designations and Specifications for temperature and other environmental
ratings.
4.3 PRE-INSTALLATION CONSIDERATIONS AND CALCULATIONS
These sub-sections provide pre-installation considerations and calculations that are needed to ensure
successful mechanical and electrical installations.
4.3.1 Mechanical
•
•
Select the application. Series DSIII transmitters are suitable for, but not limited to:
•
Flow measurement
•
Gauge pressure measurement
•
Level measurement
•
Draft pressure measurement
•
Absolute pressure measurement
•
High differential pressure measurement
•
Hydrostatic tank gauging measurement
Determine the physical mounting of the transmitter. Consider:
•
Application – See Figures 4-1 through 4-5. Mounting position for a specific application can be
important to system performance.
•
Optional brackets for pipe mounting or surface mounting
•
Pipe or tank wall thickness, diameter, rigidity, and freedom from vibration
•
Clearance for transmitter installation and maintenance
•
Need to rotate the enclosure and display for viewing ease
Refer to Figures 9-1 through 9-4 for transmitter dimensions and to the figures in Sections 4.4 and 4.5
for typical mechanical installations. Refer to Section 9.3 for mechanical and environmental
specifications.
4-2
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
•
Installation
Determine if an explosion-proof or intrinsically safe installation is required. Refer to the transmitter’s
rating plate for electrical classifications and to Section 4.7 and Section 9. Hazardous area information
for specific approval agencies can be found in Section 9.6 and Appendix B.
An intrinsically safe installation requires user-supplied intrinsic safety barriers that must be installed
in accordance with barrier manufacturer’s instructions for the specific barriers used.
Transmitter certification is based on the “entity” concept in which the user selects barriers that permit
the system to meet the entity parameters.
•
Absolute and Differential Models – Consider pressure piping recommendations. Refer to Section
4.3.3.
•
Determine conduit routing. Refer to Section 4.5.3.
•
Consider bolting a transmitter to a two- or three-valve manifold.
Differential Construction Model – Install a three-valve manifold because this device provides both an
equalizing valve and high and low pressure block valves. Use the equalizing valve to equalize
pressure between inputs before calibrating or servicing the transmitter. Use block valves to isolate the
transmitter from the process for servicing or removal.
Gauge Construction Model – Install a two-valve manifold for similar purposes to those listed above.
Flange Model – Consider using flushing rings to flush and clean the process connection without
removing the flange.
Prepare installation site drawings showing the following:
•
Location of the Master Device (e.g., HART Communicator or controller), location and
identification of each transmitter, and location of any signal cable junctions for connecting the
HART Communicator
•
Routing plan for signal cable(s) and for power cable(s)
4.3.2 Electrical
•
Determine transmitter operating mode (analog or digital) and type of network needed; refer to Section
4.3.4.
•
Determine minimum power supply requirements. Refer to Section 4.3.5.
•
Select twinaxial cable (shielded twisted pair wire) and determine maximum network cable length.
Refer to Sections 4.3.6 and 9.5.
•
Develop the cable route and method of support and protection (e.g. conduit, cable tray). To improve
immunity to interference, keep cable separated from cables with voltage greater than 60V and away
from large electrical equipment.
•
Determine the need for network junctions. Refer to Section 4.3.7.
•
Intrinsically Safe installations will need barriers. Refer to Section 4.3.8.
•
Consider the effect of connecting additional equipment (e.g., recorder, loop powered display) to the
network. Refer to Section 4.3.9.
•
Read Section 4.3.10 for shielding and grounding recommendations.
November 2010
4-3
Installation
UMSITRPDS3-1
4.3.3 Impulse Piping for Absolute and Differential Models
Impulse piping is the piping to be connected to the transmitter’s process connection(s). For suggested
flow and level measurement piping arrangements, refer to:
•
Differential Model - Figures 4-1 and 4-2
•
Absolute Model - Figures 4-3 and 4-4
•
Flange Model - Figure 4-5
Note the following when planning and installing piping.
•
Install impulse piping in accordance with ANSI Code B31.1.0.
•
Make impulse piping length as short as possible to reduce frictional loss and temperature-induced
pressure variations.
IMPORTANT
When using impulse lines on a high temperature process, locate the transmitter far
enough away from the heat source to keep it within temperature specifications [28°C
(50ºF) per foot cooling to a normal ambient is assumed for non-insulated impulse lines].
•
For lines between the process and transmitter, use impulse piping of 3/8" OD or larger to avoid
friction effects (causes lagging) and blockage.
•
Use the least number of fittings and valves possible to minimize leakage problems. Teflon® tape is the
recommended thread sealant for process connections at the transmitter.
•
Valves used in pressure service should be either globe or gate type. Valves used in gas service should
be of a type that does not permit condensate to build up behind the valve.
•
Install sediment chambers with drain valves to collect solids suspended in process liquids or moisture
carried with non-condensing gases.
•
Install air chambers with vent valves at high point in piping to vent gas entrained in process liquid.
•
Remote diaphragm seals can be used to keep corrosive liquid or gas from the transmitter pressure
inlets and isolation diaphragm.
•
Alternatively, use sealing fluid to isolate the process from the transmitter. Sealing fluid must be of
greater density than process fluid and non-miscible.
•
For transmitters located above the process, slope piping from the transmitter at least 1 inch/foot (83
mm/M) down toward process. For transmitters below the process, slope piping at least 1 inch/foot (83
mm/M) up to process.
•
Protect pressure lines (by shielding if necessary) from objects or equipment that may bend or kink the
line causing fluid flow restriction.
•
Protect the pressure lines from extreme temperature ranges. Lines should be protected from freezing
by installing a heat trace.
•
A three-valve manifold should be used with a differential transmitter model. A two-valve manifold
can be used with an absolute model to permit servicing and zero checks.
4-4
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Installation
Low
Pressure
Side
Low
Pressure
Side
Flow
High
Pressure
Side
High
Pressure
Side
Model 7MF4433
or 7MF4533
Model 7MF4433
or 7MF4533
3-Valve
Manifold
Flow
3-Valve
Manifold
Horizontal Main Line Flow
Transmitter Below Orifice - Preferred for Liquids and Steam
Horizontal Main Line Flow
Transmitter Above Orifice - Preferred for Gas Flow
High
Pressure
Side
Low
Pressure
Side
Low
Pressure
Side
Flow
Flow
Model 7MF4433
or 7MF4533
3-Valve
Manifold
3-Valve
Manifold
Vertical Main Line Flow
Transmitter Below Orifice
Vertical Main Line Flow
Transmitter Above Orifice
MG00344a
High
Pressure
Side
Model 7MF4433
or 7MF4533
FIGURE 4-1 Differential Flow Measurement Piping for Gas and Liquid
November 2010
4-5
Installation
UMSITRPDS3-1
Fill Connection
LP Shut-Off
Valve
LP Shut-Off
Valve
Max. Range
HP Shut-Off
Valve
Max. Range
Span
Span
Min. Range
LP line
empty not filled
with condensate.
Suppressed-Zero: To
calculate maximum
distance, subtract
actual span setting
from range limit given
in specification.
HP
See
Section 9
Specifications
for range
limit.
Min. Range
HP Shut-Off
Valve
Note 3
Note 1
Elevated-Zero,
Distance Y,
Note 5
Note 3
LP line
filled with
condensate
Distance X
See Note 4
LP
HP
LP
Dripleg and Drain Valve
MG00346b
B. Pressurized (Closed) Vessel Installation:
Condensable Fluid
A. Pressurized (Closed) Vessel Installation:
Non-Condensable Fluid
Notes:
Max. Range
1. Transmitter may be mounted at or below the
minimum level to be measured.
HP Shut-Off
Valve
2. Open or vented vessels require only a high pressure
(HP) connection.
Span
Vent
Min. Range
3. High pressure line senses static pressure plus level.
Low pressure line senses pressure only. The two
pressures oppose each other, canceling the effect
of static pressure.
4. Distance "X" can be any distance since both high
and low pressure lines have equal and opposite
forces which cancel the forces created by this
distance.
Suppressed-Zero: To
calculate maximum
distance, subtract
actual span setting
from range limit given
in specification.
Vent
HP
LP
5. Entire length of low pressure pipe is kept full of
condensate to act as a reference.
6. See Appendix C for information on calculating
suppressed and elevated zero ranges.
C. Open Vessel Installation
FIGURE 4-2 Differential Liquid Measurement Piping
4-6
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Installation
* Gauge Construction, Shown
** Differential Construction
Safety
Shut-Off
Valve
(Gas)
For gases,
mounting
above the line
is preferred.
Model 7MF4033*,
7MF4233*,
or 7MF4333**
Shut-Off
Valve
Safety Shut-Off
Valve (Steam or
Liquid)
OR
Shut-Off
Valve
Model 7MF4033*,
7MF4233*,
or 7MF4333**
Sediment Chamber
and Drain Valve.
Used to collect solids
in liquid suspension
or moisture carried
with non-condensing
gas.
Union
Safety
Shut-Off
Valve
(Gas)
OR
Safety
Shut-Off
Valve
(Gas)
Union
Suppressed-Zero Range
Non-Corrosive Dry Gases and Liquids
Shut-Off
Valve
Union
MG00345a
For liquids and
steam, mounting
below the line
is preferred.
Model 7MF4033*,
7MF4233*,
or 7MF4333**
Air Chamber
with Vent Valve.
Install at high
point to collect
air entrained
in liquids.
Safety Shut-Off
Valve (Liquid)
Elevated Zero-Range
Non-Corrosive Dry Gases and Liquids
* Gauge Construction, Shown
** Differential Construction
Safety
Shut-Off
Valve
(Gas)
Safety Shut-Off
Valve (Liquid)
OR
Safety Shut-Off
Valve (Liquid)
Elevated Zero-Range Wet Gases (Non-Condensing)
and Liquids with Solids in Suspension
OR
Model 7MF4033*,
7MF4233*,
or 7MF4333**
Dripleg with Drain Valve,
Used to collect solids in
liquid suspension or
moisture carried with
non-condensing gases.
Shut-Off
Valve
Union
Suppressed Zero-Range Wet Gases (Non-Condensing)
and Liquids with Solids in Suspension
FIGURE 4-3 Absolute or Gauge Pressure Measurement Piping
November 2010
4-7
Installation
UMSITRPDS3-1
Filling Tee with
Hex Plug
Safety
Shut-Off
Valve
Model 7MF4033 or 7MF4233, Gauge
Construction, or Model 7MF4333,
Differential Construction
MG00347a
Shut-Off
Valve
Drain
Valve
To Drain
FIGURE 4-4 Steam Service, Below the Line Mounting
4-8
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Installation
Non-Condensing
Atmosphere
Dry Line Leg
Flange on High
Pressure Side
Max. Level
Span
H1
Min. Level
Max. Level
Span
H1
Low Pressure
Side Vented to
Atmosphere
Min. Level
Blowdown
Valve
Closed Tank, Non-Condensing Atmosphere, Level Measurement
MG00348b
Open Tank, Level Measurement
Max. Level
Notes:
Filled
Reference
Line
1. Transmitter may be mounted at or below the
minimum level to be measured.
2. Open or vented vessels require only a high pressure
(HP) connection.
Condensing
Atmosphere
Span
H2
Min. Level
Blowdown
Valve
H1
3. High pressure line senses static pressure plus level.
Low pressure line senses pressure only. The two
pressures oppose each other, canceling the effect
of static pressure.
4. Distance "X" can be any distance since both high
and low pressure lines have equal and opposite
Plugged
Flange on High
forces which cancel the forces created by this
Filling "T"
Pressure Side
distance.
Low Pressure
Side
5. Entire length of low pressure pipe is kept full of
condensate to act as a reference.
Closed Tank, Condensing Atmosphere, Level Measurement
6. See Appendix C for information on calculating
suppressed and elevated zero ranges.
FIGURE 4-5 Open and Closed Tank Level Measurement, Flange Mounted Transmitters
November 2010
4-9
Installation
UMSITRPDS3-1
4.3.4 Transmitter Operating Mode and Network Type
A transmitter outputs either an analog current or an equivalent digital signal, depending upon the selected
operating mode. The operating mode also determines the type of network (Point-to-Point or Multi-Drop)
to be installed, as shown in Table 4-1 and the following subsections.
TABLE 4-1 Operating Mode and Network
OPERATING MODE
NETWORK TYPE
NETWORK FIGURE(S)
Analog
Point-to-Point
4-6, 4-7, and 4-8
Digital
Multi-Drop
4-9
Note: If using a Model 375 Field Communicator, see the inside of the front
cover of this manual.
4.3.4.1 Analog Mode
When a transmitter is configured for analog mode operation, the following statements apply.
•
The transmitter outputs a 4-20 mA signal for input to devices such as controllers and recorders.
•
A Point-to-Point network is used comprising a transmitter, Primary/Secondary Master, and other nonsignaling devices. The transmitter polling address is 0 (zero).
Point-to-Point networks are shown in Figures 4-6, 4-7, and 4-8.
•
The optional display can be used for local indication of transmitter output.
•
Each transmitter is factory configured for analog mode unless otherwise ordered. The polling address
is set to zero (0).
•
A Model 275 HART Communicator is used for configuration, diagnostics, and reporting the current
process variable.
4-10
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Installation
250
See Note 2
Controller,
Recorder,
Indicator, or
other 1-5 Vdc
Device
See Note 1
System Power
Supply
Network
Junction
Transmitter
Terminals
See Note 5
See Note 6
+
+
_
_
+
4-20 mA
_
See Note 3
+
I
O
Non-Hazardous
Location
250
See Note 2
I
O
Controller,
Recorder,
Indicator, or
other 1-5 Vdc
Device
See Note 1
System Power
Supply
MG00349a
Network for Non-Hazardous Locations
Hazardous
Location
See Note 6
+
+
_
+
See Note 4
_
+
4-20 mA
_
See Note 3
Network for Hazardous Locations
Transmitter
Terminals
See Note 5
The system power supply is shown separate from the host input device. In practice, it may be part of the host input
device. This device can be a HART or non-HART signaling device, a Primary Master, or a Secondary Master.
Network resistance equals the sum of the barrier resistances and the current sense resistor. Minimum value is 250
Ohms; maximum value is 1100 Ohms.
Connect the HART Communicator as shown in Figure 2-2 for hazardous and non-hazardous locations. The HART
Communicator is a non-polar device.
Supply and return barriers are shown. Interconnect all cable shields and ground only at the barriers.
For access to transmitter field terminals, remove the enclosure cap.
Maximum loop cable length is as calculated using the formula in Section 4.3.6.
FIGURE 4-6 Point-To-Point Network (Analog Mode)
November 2010
4-11
Installation
UMSITRPDS3-1
Non-Hazardous
Location
250
See Note 1
Hazardous
Location
See Note 6
34
I
Procidia
Terminals
AIN1
See Note 4
O
35
33
18
+
See Note 3
+
4-20 mA
GND
MG00350a
_
See Note 2
Common Ground Bus
Transmitter
Terminals
See Note 5
1.
Minimum network resistance equals the sum of the barrier resistances and the current sense resistor. Minimum
value is 250 Ohms; maximum value is 1100 Ohms.
2.
Connect the HART Communicator as shown in Figure 2-2 for hazardous and non-hazardous locations. The
HART Communicator is a non-polar device.
3.
Supply and return barriers are shown. Interconnect all cable shields and ground only at the barriers.
4.
Procidia (Model 353R or i|pac) terminal assignments are:
•
34 – Analog Input 1 +
•
35 – Analog Input 1 Common
•
33 – 24 Vdc
•
18 – Station Common
5.
For access to transmitter field terminals, remove the enclosure cap.
6.
Maximum cable length is as calculated using the formula in section 4.3.6.
FIGURE 4-7 Procidia to Transmitter Connections (Analog Mode)
4-12
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Installation
Non-Hazardous
Location
250
See Note 1
Hazardous
Location
See Note 6
20
I
Model 353/354
Terminals
AIN1
21
See Note 4
5
6
O
+
See Note 3
+
4-20 mA
MG00350a
GND
See Note 2
Common Ground Bus
_
Transmitter
Terminals
See Note 5
1.
Minimum network resistance equals the sum of the barrier resistances and the current sense resistor. Minimum
value is 250 Ohms; maximum value is 1100 Ohms.
2.
Connect the HART Communicator as shown in Figure 2-2 for hazardous and non-hazardous locations. The
HART Communicator is a non-polar device.
3.
Supply and return barriers are shown. Interconnect all cable shields and ground only at the barriers.
4.
Procidia (Model 353R or i|pac) terminal assignments are:
•
34 – Analog Input 1 +
•
35 – Analog Input 1 Common
•
33 – 24 Vdc
•
18 – Station Common
5.
For access to transmitter field terminals, remove the enclosure cap.
6.
Maximum cable length is as calculated using the formula in section 4.3.6.
FIGURE 4-8 Model 353/354 to Transmitter Connections (Analog Mode)
November 2010
4-13
Installation
UMSITRPDS3-1
4.3.4.2 Digital Mode
When a transmitter is configured for digital mode operation, the following statements apply.
•
Process and configuration data are transmitted digitally. The analog output of each transmitter is
“parked” at 4 mA.
•
Employs a Multi-Drop network. See Figure 4-9.
•
The optional display can be used for local indication of transmitter output.
The number of allowable network elements is:
–
–
Primary and Secondary Masters - 1 each
Transmitters - 1 to 15
•
The HART communication source can be a Primary or Secondary Master. A Primary Master can be
used for data acquisition, maintenance, or control purposes. A Secondary Master, the HART
Communicator, for example, may be used for configuration, diagnostics, and reporting current
process variable.
•
Place the transmitter in the digital mode by assigning it a polling address (1 to 15) with the HART
Communicator (see Section 6).
•
Each transmitter connected to a network must have a unique address.
4.3.5 Power Supply Requirements
A power supply 1 is needed to power the transmitter(s). The power supply can be:
•
A separate stand-alone supply capable of powering several transmitters. It can be mounted in a
control room or in the field. Follow the power supply manufacturer’s recommendations with regard to
mounting and environmental considerations.
•
Located in a controller (such as a Primary Master) or other station able to safely provide additional
operating current and meet the power supply specifications of Section 9.3.
Determine needed power supply output voltage by calculating the Network Resistance and consulting
Figure 4-10. It shows the minimum power supply voltage needed for the calculated Network Resistance.
The total Network Resistance is the sum of the Current Sense Resistance, end-to-end Barrier Resistance
(if used), wire resistance, and any other resistances in the loop. The minimum Network Resistance (see
Section 10 Glossary) required to support HART communications is 250Ω. The maximum resistance is
1100Ω. Refer to Section 4.3.5.1 or 4.3.5.2 for calculations.
1
An SELV (Separated Extra-Low Voltage) power supply is suggested; see IEC 364-1 and IEC 536.
4-14
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Installation
Non-Hazardous
Location
250
See Note 2
I
O
Network
Primary
Master
See Note 1
System
Power Supply
+
_
+
4-20 mA
Transmitter 1
See Notes 3 & 6
MG00351a
See Note 4
Hazardous
Location
+
_
+
_
See Note 5
+
_
+
4-20 mA
Transmitter 2
See Notes 3 & 6
+
_
+
4-20 mA
Transmitter 15
See Notes 3 & 6
1.
The system power supply is shown separate from the host input device. In practice, it may be part of the host
input device. The host input device can be a HART or non-HART signaling device, a Primary Master or a
Secondary Master.
2.
Network resistance equals the sum of the barrier resistances and the current sense resistor. Minimum value is
250 Ohms; maximum value is 1100 Ohms.
3.
A maximum of 15 transmitters may be connected. All must be configured for digital mode.
4.
Connect the HART Communicator as shown in Figure 2-2 for hazardous or non-hazardous locations. The HART
Communicator is a non-polar device.
5.
Supply and return barriers are shown. Interconnect all cable shields and ground only at the barriers.
6.
For access to transmitter field terminals, remove the enclosure cap.
FIGURE 4-9 Multi-Drop Network (Digital Mode)
November 2010
4-15
Installation
UMSITRPDS3-1
Power Supply vs. Loop Resistance
1800
1700
1600
1500
Loop Resistance, Ohms
1400
1300
1200
1100
1000
900
800
700
675
600
500
400
300
250
200
100
0
10
15.5
15
20
24
25
30
35
40
45
Power Supply, Vdc
FIGURE 4-10 Power Supply vs. Loop Resistance
4.3.5.1 Point-to-Point Network
The graph in Section 4.3.5 defines an analog mode transmitter’s operating region for the allowable ranges
of supply voltage and network resistance. Perform the following calculations to ensure that the power
supply output voltage permits the transmitter to remain within the indicated operating range.
1. Calculate the minimum power supply output voltage.
The minimum network power supply voltage requirement is a function of Network Resistance and
full scale current (20 mA), and is calculated by the following formula:
Minimum Power Supply Output Voltage = 10.5 volts + (0.02 × Network Resistance in ohms)
Power supply output voltage must be greater than the calculated value. The minimum voltage across
the input terminals of a transmitter is 10.5 volts.
2. Calculate the maximum power supply output voltage.
The maximum network power supply voltage is a function of Network Resistance and zero scale
current (4 mA), and is calculated by the following formula:
Maximum Power Supply Output Voltage = Vmax + (0.004 × Network Resistance in ohms)
Power supply output voltage must be less than the calculated value. The maximum voltage (Vmax)
permitted across the input terminals is:
4-16
•
Non-intrinsically safe transmitter: 45 volts
•
Intrinsically safe transmitter: 30 volts
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Installation
4.3.5.2 Multi-Drop Network
Perform the following simple calculations to ensure that the power supply output voltage permits the
Transmitter to remain within its operating range.
1. Calculate the minimum power supply output voltage.
Minimum network power supply voltage is a function of Network Resistance and the total current
draw of all transmitters in the network, and is calculated by the following formula:
Minimum Supply Output Voltage = 10.5 volts + [(0.004 × number of transmitters on Network) × (Network Resistance)]
Power supply output voltage must be greater than the calculated value. The minimum voltage across
the input terminals of a transmitter is 10 volts.
2. Calculate the maximum power supply output voltage.
Maximum network power supply voltage is a function of Network Resistance and total current draw
of all the transmitters in the network, and is calculated by the following formula:
Maximum Supply Output Voltage = Vmax + [(0.004 × number of transmitters on Network) x (Network Resistance)]
Power supply output voltage must be less than the calculated value. The maximum voltage (Vmax)
permitted across the input terminals of a transmitter is:
•
Non-intrinsically safe transmitter: 45 volts
•
Intrinsically safe transmitter: 30 volts
The maximum number of transmitters that can be connected to a Multi-Drop Network is 15. Each
transmitter is “parked” in a low current draw mode (4 mA) to conserve power. Ensure that the network
power supply is capable of sourcing the total current consumed by the number of transmitters on the
network.
4.3.6 Determining Network (Loop) Length
A cable length calculation is necessary when HART communication is to be employed. Cable capacitance
directly affects maximum network length.
4.3.6.1 Cable Capacitance
Cable type, conductor size, and recommended cable model numbers are stated in Section 9.5.1 Two-Wire
Cable.
Cable capacitance is a parameter used in the calculation of the maximum length of cable that can be used
to construct the network. The lower the cable capacitance the longer the network can be. Manufacturers
typically list two capacitance values for an instrumentation cable:
1. Capacitance between the two conductors.
2. Capacitance between one conductor and the other conductor(s) connected to shield. This capacitance
is the worst case value and is to be used in the cable length formula.
November 2010
4-17
Installation
UMSITRPDS3-1
4.3.6.2 Maximum Cable Length Calculation
The maximum permissible single-pair cable length is 10,000 feet (3000 meters) or less as determined by
the following formula:
L = (65,000,000 / R x C) – (Cf + 10,000 / C)
Formula Definitions:
L: The maximum total length of cable permitted to construct the network. L = feet when C is in pF/ft;
L = meters when C is in pF/meter.
R: The Network Resistance which is the ohmic sum of the current sense resistance and barrier
resistance (both return and supply), if any, in the network and the resistance of the wire.
C: Cable capacitance per unit length between one conductor and the other conductor connected to the
shield. C may be in pF/ft or pF/meter.
Cf: Total input terminal capacitance of field instruments; the Primary Master is excluded. Cf is given
by the following formula:
Cf = (sum of all Cn values) x (5000)
Where Cn is an integer (e.g., 1, 2, 3) corresponding to the input terminal capacitance of a Field
Instrument. Cn values are determined as follows:
FIELD INSTRUMENT CAPACITANCE
Cn VALUE
Less than 5000 pF
1
5000 pF to less than 10000 pF
2
10000 pF to less than 15000 pF
3
15000 pF to less than 20000 pF
4
20000 pF to less than 25000 pF
5
For field instruments without Cn values, use Cn = 1
WARNING
For an intrinsically safe installation, refer to the Control Drawing(s) in Appendix
B for entity parameters, which include Ci transmitter input capacitance, and other
installation data.
4-18
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Installation
Example Calculation:
Assume a network consists of two field instruments (both Cn = 1).
Let R = 250Ω, C = 40 pF/ft, Cf = (1 + 1) x 5000 = 10,000
Then L = (65,000,000 / (250 x 40)) – ((10,000 + 10,000) / 40) = 6000 feet (1800 meters)
4.3.7 Network Junctions
A network junction is shown in Figure 4-6. It is a wiring junction installed at a convenient point in the
loop to facilitate wiring, testing, and troubleshooting. Typically the junction is a conventional terminal
block mounted on a panel with a protective cover, cabinet, or junction box to enclose and protect wiring
terminals.
Multiple junctions can be installed to provide field access terminals for the connection of a HART
Communicator. Note the following:
•
Network with barriers – Locate a junction anywhere along the network in the non-hazardous area.
•
Network without barriers – A junction may be located anywhere along the network between the
power supply and transmitter.
•
A junction should be a simple electrical series connection containing NO repeaters or other devices
(active or passive) that can degrade HART communications.
4.3.8 Safety Barriers
Installed safety barriers must comply with the following:
•
Locate intrinsic safety barriers between the system power supply (e.g., Primary Master, if used)
residing in the non-hazardous area and the transmitter(s) in the hazardous area.
•
Combined or separate supply and return barriers may be used.
•
For an intrinsically safe application, the DC voltage applied to the safe side of the barrier must be 0.6
Vdc less than the rated barrier working voltage.
•
An active supply barrier must be operated within its specified input working voltage.
•
Barrier shunt impedance to ground to the HART range of frequencies (500 Hz to 2500 Hz) shall not
be less than 5000Ω.
•
Barrier end-to-end resistance, stated by the manufacturer, is used in calculating the maximum
Network cable length and minimum and maximum network voltages.
•
The barrier shall be installed and wired in accordance with the manufacturers instructions.
November 2010
4-19
Installation
UMSITRPDS3-1
4.3.9 Connection of Miscellaneous Hardware
Miscellaneous non-signaling hardware (e.g., recorders, current meters) may be connected to a Point-toPoint network in accordance with the following list.
IMPORTANT
No non-signaling hardware (meters or measuring devices) may be connected to a
Multi-Drop network since the transmitters, in this mode, do not output an analog
process variable.
•
Miscellaneous hardware may be series or parallel connected to the network according to its function.
•
Miscellaneous hardware must be passive two-terminal devices.
•
Miscellaneous hardware may not generate any type of noise or signals, other than noise that is
inherent in resistive components.
•
Individual miscellaneous hardware must meet the following requirements:
– Capacitance to ground..........................50 pF maximum
–
Resistance to ground ............................1 MΩ minimum
–
Impedance if series connected ................Less than 10Ω
– Impedance if parallel connected ......Greater than 50kΩ
The maximum number of miscellaneous devices per network is 16. The combined electrical
characteristics may not exceed the following:
4-20
–
Maximum capacitance to ground........................800 pF
–
Minimum resistance to ground ..........................62.5kΩ
–
Maximum series impedance..................................160Ω
–
Minimum parallel impedance .............................3125Ω
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Installation
4.3.10 Shielding and Grounding
GROUNDING
Ground the transmitter’s enclosure through a 16 AWG (1.3 mm2) or larger copper wire to a low resistance
ground, such as a nearby metal cold water pipe. A grounding screw for this purpose is provided on the
outside of the enclosure beneath the field terminals cap (Figure 1-6B). The ground wire should be
installed even though the enclosure is often grounded through the electrical conduit or, in some
transmitter models, through the process connections and piping.
SHIELDING
Shielded loop cable is recommended. The preferred method of grounding that shield is shown in Figures
4-6 through 4-9.
Ground the cable shield at one point. Multiple grounds can cause signal error and poor HART
performance. The location of the ground connection is often determined by the installation environment
(hazardous or non-hazardous) or by the requirements of a regulating agency.
The following grounding practices are field proven and will reduce magnetically coupled interference.
Select the appropriate option from the three bulleted items below for the installation at hand.
•
Hazardous location - ground the shield(s) only at the barrier(s) or as recommended on the appropriate
control (installation) drawing and by the certifying agency.
•
Non-hazardous location - ground the shield at the network power supply.
•
•
Ground the cable shield to the power supply ground terminal. Do not connect the cable shield at
the transmitter.
•
If a network junction box is used, splice the input and output cable shields and isolate them from
ground.
Non-hazardous location - ground the shield at the Transmitter
•
Ground the cable shield at the ground screw inside the transmitter’s signal terminal compartment.
•
Power supply (+) and (-) connections must be floated.
•
If a network junction box is used, splice input and output shields and isolate them from ground.
November 2010
4-21
Installation
UMSITRPDS3-1
4.4 MECHANICAL INSTALLATION
This section describes the mechanical installation of a transmitter and the installation of electrical conduit
for wiring. Transmitter dimensions are given in Figures 9-1 through 9-4. Related mounting information
for optional mounting bracket kits is provided in Figures 4-11, 4-12, and 4-13. Table 1-1 correlates
measurement, model number, measuring cell, and figure number.
Mount a transmitter in any position (orientation). The mounting position can cause a zero shift, however,
any zero shift is simply calibrated out with the transmitter installed in its final mounting position. Refer to
Section 7 Calibration and Maintenance for details.
The transmitter enclosure can be rotated relative to the measuring cell to clear an obstruction or to allow
viewing the optional display. The display can then be rotated in 90° increments for ease of reading. Refer
to Section 4.5 for details.
Be sure to allow sufficient clearance for:
•
Connection to impulse piping and installation of conduit
•
Removal of the enclosure end caps
•
Wiring, cleaning, and servicing of the transmitter
•
Viewing of the optional display
•
Access to the configuration pushbuttons
4.4.1 Pipe Mounting, Differential and Gauge Construction
A differential or absolute transmitter can be mounted to a vertical or horizontal 2-inch pipe using an
optional mounting bracket kit; kit part numbers are given in Section 9.2 Accessories.
1. Refer to the appropriate figure and determine orientation of bracket and transmitter on selected pipe.
2. As shown in the appropriate figure, fasten the transmitter to the mounting bracket with the supplied
hardware.
•
See Figure 4-11 for Absolute Pressure Models 7MF4033 and 7MF4233, gauge construction.
•
See Figure 4-12 for Absolute Pressure Model 7MF4333, differential construction.
•
See Figure 4-12 or 4-13 for Differential Pressure Models 7MF4433 and 7MF4533.
3. Fasten the mounting bracket to the pipe using the supplied hardware.
1. At the selected location on the pipe and in the desired orientation, place the pipe groove side of
the mounting bracket against the desired part of the pipe surface.
2. Slip the U-bolt around the pipe and through one of the two pairs of mounting holes in the bracket.
4. Place a supplied washer and hex nut on each end of the U-bolt and hand tighten the nuts. Rotate the
bracket around the pipe to place the transmitter in the desired position and secure the bracket to the
pipe. Tighten mounting hardware:
•
Models 7MF4033 and 7MF4233 - 275 in/lbs (31.1 Nm)
•
Models 7MF4333, 7MF4433, and 7MF4533 - 400 in/lbs (45.2 Nm)
5. Rotate the enclosure or reposition the optional display as necessary. Refer to Section 4.5.
4-22
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Installation
Models 7MF4033 and 7MF4233
920-07010-XXX-1.pcx
FIGURE 4-11 Pipe Mounting, Gauge Construction
MG00402a
High
Pressure
Side
Low
Pressure
Side
Models 7MF4033, 7MF4433, and 7MF4533
Labels, Low and High Pressure Sides
920-07011-XXX-1.pdf
FIGURE 4-12 Pipe Mounting, Differential Construction
November 2010
4-23
Installation
UMSITRPDS3-1
Models 7MF4333, 7MF4433, and 7MF4533
920-07012-XXX-1.pdf
FIGURE 4-13 Differential Construction, Position Options
4.4.2 Direct Mounting to Process, Model 7MF4433 or 7MF4533
A differential transmitter can be interfaced to the process through a
Nipple Mount for
two- or three-valve manifold and supported by the piping
Liquid Service
connections (3-inch nipples) if mounted directly at the point of
Orifice
measurement.
Flanges
Flow
High
Pressure
Side
3-Valve
Manifold
End Cap
MG00352b
Transmitter process connections are on 2.13-inch (54 mm) centers
to allow direct mounting (bolting) to a manifold with the same
spacing. Each transmitter process connection (end cap) has two
tapped 7/16-20 mounting holes and a 1/4 NPT tapped pressure
inlet. High pressure (+) and low pressure (-) sides of the transmitter
are marked by labels (see Figure 4-12) and engraved on the capsule
between the end caps.
Low
Pressure
Side
Process orifice flanges with standard 2.13-inch spacing permit a transmitter and two- or three-valve
manifold combination to be direct mounted.
The procedure for mounting a transmitter to a two- or three-valve manifold, and the manifold to the
orifice flanges, is covered by the installation instructions supplied by the manifold manufacturer.
The following is a guide and may need to be modified for some installations. Teflon® tape is the
recommended thread sealant for process connections at the transmitter.
1. If installed, remove process connection blocks from the transmitter’s end caps (process manifold).
2. Press the supplied O-ring seals into the grooves in the face of the two- or three-valve manifold and
bolt the transmitter end caps to the transmitter side of the two- or three-valve manifold. Tighten
mounting bolts to 400 in/lbs (45.2 Nm).
4-24
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Installation
3. Thread ½" nipples, 3 inches (or less) in length, into the high- and low-pressure ports of the orifice
flanges. Thread sealant must be used.
4. Thread the process connection blocks directly onto the nipples. Thread sealant must be used. The 1/2
NPT tapped hole in a process connection block is off center to accommodate 2-inch or 2.25-inch
centers. For 2.13" pipe centers, the tapped holes should be offset to the right side.
5. Place the supplied Teflon gaskets on the connection blocks and bolt them to the manifold. Tighten the
mounting bolts according to the manifold manufacturer’s recommendations.
6. Rotate the enclosure or reposition the optional display as necessary. Refer to Section 4.5.
4.4.3 Flange Mounting, Model 7MF4633/7MF4812
A liquid level transmitter can be flange mounted directly to the point of measurement on a vessel. The
flange-mounted diaphragm is factory assembled to the high-pressure side of the transmitter measuring
cell.
Figure 9-5 shows a typical flanged level transmitter. Table 4-2 includes the following mounting
information:
•
Flange thickness
•
Flange diameter and pressure rating
•
Number of flange mounting holes
•
Flange mounting hole diameter
•
Flange bolt circle diameter
Refer to Figure 9-5 and Table 4-2 when performing the following procedure:
1. Determine needed bolt length. The user must supply mounting bolts, nuts, and washers. Bolt length is
determined by the combined thickness of the flange mounted on the vessel and the transmitter’s
flange.
2. As necessary, loosen the enclosure rotation set screw and rotate the enclosure for clearance and best
viewing of the optional display.
3. Bolt the transmitter’s flange to the vessel’s flange. Four mounting positions (90° increments) are
possible with 2-inch flanges and eight positions (45° increments) are possible with 4-inch flanges.
4. Rotate the enclosure or reposition the optional display as necessary. Refer to Section 4.5.
November 2010
4-25
Installation
UMSITRPDS3-1
TABLE 4-2 Flange And Extension Dimensions
A. Flange Dimensions
SIZE
2" – 150#
2" – 300#
3" – 150#
3" – 300#
4" – 150#
4" – 300#
50MM –
10/16 BAR
50MM –
25/40 BAR
80MM –
10/16 BAR
80MM –
25/40 BAR
100MM –
10/16 BAR
100MM –
25/40 BAR
DIM
“D”
6.00
(152.40)
6.50
(165.10)
7.50
(190.50)
8.25
(209.55)
9.00
(228.60)
10.00
(254.00)
6.50
(165.00)
6.50
(165.00)
7.87
(200.00)
7.87
(200.00)
8.66
(220.00)
9.25
(235.00)
DIM
“BC”
4.75
(120.65)
5.00
(127.00)
6.00
(152.40)
6.625
(168.28)
7.50
(190.50)
7.875
(200.03)
4.92
(125.00)
4.92
(125.00)
6.30
(160.00)
6.30
(160.00)
7.09
(180.00)
7.48
(190.00)
DIM
“T”
0.75
(19.05)
0.88
(22.23)
0.94
(23.81)
1.13
(28.58)
0.94
(23.81)
1.25
(31.75)
0.71
(18.00)
0.79
(20.00)
0.79
(20.00)
0.94
(24.00)
0.79
(20.00)
0.94
(24.00)
DIM
“ED”
1.95
(49.53)
1.95
(49.53)
2.81
(71.37)
2.81
(71.37)
3.70
(93.98)
3.70
(93.98)
Consult
Factory
DIM
“RF”
BOLT
DIA
5/8
NO. OF
BOLTS
4
5/8
8
5/8
4
3/4
8
5/8
8
3/4
8
M16
4
M16
4
M16
8
M16
8
M16
8
M20
8
0.06
(1.58)
0.12
(3.00)
FLANGE
PER
ANSI
B16.5
DIN
2526
TYPE
C
B. Extension Length
DIM
“L”
0
(0.00)
2.00
(50.80)
4.00
(101.60)
6.00
(152.40)
Notes:
1. Dimensions are in inches (millimeters).
2.
4-26
End cap can be rotated 180º for top or bottom vent/drain, side vent option only.
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Installation
4.5 MECHANICAL INSTALLATION, All Models
The following subsections describe rotating the enclosure housing relative to the measuring cell to clear
obstructions or view the optional display, orienting the display for ease of reading, and installing
electrical conduit and cables.
4.5.1 Enclosure Rotation
1. Loosen the enclosure setscrew using a 3/32" Allen wrench. See Figure 4-14. The enclosure can be
rotated approximately 135º in either direction from the point where the enclosure rotation arrow
points directly at the enclosure setscrew; see Figure 4-14.
IMPORTANT
If the high end of the ramp-shaped recess in the enclosure neck is rotated past the
enclosure rotation arrow on the measuring cell, damage to internal electrical
connections can occur, requiring replacement of the measuring cell.
After positioning the enclosure, tighten the enclosure setscrew to between 30.1 in-lbs and 31.9 in-lbs
(3.4 N-m and 3.6 N-m).
2. Position the display as necessary. Refer to Section 4.5.2.
4
3
MG00353a
2
1
Differential Construction
1
2
3
4
Gauge Construction
Enclosure rotation arrow (enclosure rotation reference point)
Ramp-shaped recessed area indicating enclosure rotation range; maximum rotation of the
enclosure is approximately 135º either direction from the point where the enclosure rotation
arrow points directly at the enclosure setscrew.
Enclosure setscrew (use a 3/32" Allen wrench)
Tag plate on transmitter enclosure
FIGURE 4-14 Enclosure Rotation Considerations
November 2010
4-27
Installation
UMSITRPDS3-1
4.5.2 Display Orientation
As supplied the display is oriented for viewing with the transmitter installed vertically, as shown below
and by most of the illustrations in this manual. When the transmitter is installed in another orientation,
perform the following steps to reorient the display for ease of reading.
1. Turn off power to the transmitter.
2. Remove the enclosure cap that has the sightglass by rotating the cap counterclockwise.
3. Fasten an anti-static wrist strap on your wrist and ground it to the transmitter ground
screw.
4. Use a Phillips blade screwdriver to remove the two screws holding the display. The display
is electrically connected to the transmitter electronics by the display cable. Refer to Figure 4-15.
5. Hold the display just in front of the transmitter enclosure and rotate it in quarter turns to find the
viewing position where reading is easiest. Four positions, 90° apart, are provided. Do not rotate the
display more than 180° in a clockwise or counterclockwise direction.
6. Align the two holes in the display circuit board with the hex standoffs in the enclosure and install the
two screws removed above.
7. Install the enclosure cap and remove the anti-static wrist strap.
1
MG00353a
2
3
1. Display Mounting Screw
2. Display Assembly
3. Enclosure Setscrew
Note: Shown with enclosure cap removed.
FIGURE 4-15 Display Removal and Repositioning
4-28
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Installation
4.5.3 Electrical Conduit and Cable Installation
All electrical conduit and all signal wires must be supplied by the user. Access to electrical terminals is
described in Section 4.5.2.3.
For conduit and cable routing, refer to user’s installation drawings. Installation of conduit and cabling
should follow the guidelines given below.
4.5.3.1 Conduit
•
Transmitter conduit inlets accept male conduit fittings. Refer to the transmitter’s rating plate and
Section 9.1 to determine whether conduit threads are 1/2-14 NPT or M20 x 1.5.
Seal NPT fittings with Teflon tape; seal M20 fittings with a soft-setting sealing compound rated for at
least 105°C (221°F).
•
When routing conduit, avoid areas that might subject the conduit to chemical or physical abuse or
areas with high electromagnetic interference/radio frequency interference (EMI/RFI) conditions.
•
Install conduit for field wiring.
•
If a high humidity environment can exist and the transmitter is located at a low point in the conduit
run, install drain seals at the transmitter’s conduit inlets to prevent condensation from entering the
transmitter. See Figure 4-16.
•
Remove all sharp edges or burrs from conduit that may damage wires; 18-inches of flex conduit is
recommended at each transmitter.
4
2
3
MG00354a
3
+
+
4
1
+
+
+
Drain seal in conduit coupling
Install conduit seal: Crouse-Hinds Type EYS or equivalent
+
+
Explosion Proof
Conduit Drain
1
2
+
3
4
Plug unused electrical entrance
Electrical conduit
FIGURE 4-16 Conduit Drain and Explosion Proof Installations
November 2010
4-29
Installation
UMSITRPDS3-1
4.5.3.2 Cables
•
Mark or tag each cable conductor as either LOOP (+) or LOOP (-) to ensure correct connection at the
transmitter.
•
Use pulling grips and cable lubricants for easier cable pulling. Pull cable through conduit into
transmitter terminal compartment.
•
Do not exceed the maximum permitted pulling tension on the cables. Maximum tension is normally
specified as 40% of the cable’s breaking strength.
•
Do not exceed the maximum conduit fill specified by the National Electric Code.
4.5.3.3 Access to Transmitter Terminal Compartment
1. Remove the enclosure cap closest to the electrical entrance by turning it counterclockwise.
2. Install the enclosure cap by turning it clockwise until the O-ring contact the enclosure. Tighten the
cap one additional turn to compress the O-ring.
4-30
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Installation
4.6 ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION
This section describes loop wiring for Point-to-Point and Multi-Drop networks. Refer also to Section 4.8
for installation in hazardous locations. Figure 4-17 shows typical conductor terminations.
WARNING
Hazardous voltage can cause death or serious injury.
Remove power from all wires and terminals before
working on this equipment.
CAUTION
Use supply wires suitable for 5°C (10°F) above ambient temperature.
Before wiring the loop, the following should already have been completed:
•
Selection of either analog or digital operating mode and corresponding Point-to-Point or Multi-Drop
network; Section 4.3.4.
•
Selection of a power supply; Section 4.3.5.
•
Mechanical installation of transmitter(s) installed; Section 4.4.
•
Pulling of loop cable through conduit and into terminal compartment; Section 4.5.3.
To connect the transmitter to the loop, perform the following steps.
1. Remove power from all involved wires and terminals.
2. Access the transmitter signal terminals by removing the enclosure cap nearest to the electrical
entrance. Turn the cap counterclockwise.
3. Determine method of connection to transmitter signal terminals; see Figure 4-17 for typical
connection methods.
4. Strip loop cable and conductors. Install ring tongue or spring spade terminals for #8 screws and the
cable conductor gauge. If terminals will not be used, tin conductor ends and form a loop.
5. Connect the loop cable to the LOOP (+) and (-) terminals inside the transmitter’s enclosure. Refer to
Figures 4-6 through 4-9 for the needed connections for the type of network. Terminals will
accommodate wire sizes up to 16 AWG (1.3 mm2).
6. Install the enclosure cap by turning it clockwise until the O-ring contacts the enclosure, Tighten the
cap one additional turn to compress the O-ring.
7. If one of the two electrical conduit entrances in the housing is not used, it should be plugged. Refer to
the transmitter’s rating plate and Section 9 to determine whether entrance holes accept 1/2-NPT or
M20 x 1.5 fittings.
Seal 1/2-NPT fitting with Teflon tape; seal M20 fitting with a soft setting sealing compound rated for
at least 105ºC (221ºF).
November 2010
4-31
Installation
UMSITRPDS3-1
8. Ground the enclosure by installing a 16 AWG (1.3 mm2) or larger copper wire between the enclosure
ground screw and a low resistance ground, such as a nearby metal cold water pipe.
3
2
MG00355a
1
4
6
5
1. Solid conductor with loop formed in end of lead
2. Stranded conductor with spring spade terminal
3. Stranded conductor with ring tongue terminal
4. One of three terminals in the electrical enclosure. Remove end cap to access terminals.
5. Terminal screw
6. Pressure plate
FIGURE 4-17 Network Conductor Terminations
4-32
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Installation
4.7 HAZARDOUS AREA INSTALLATION
Drawings providing transmitter installation data for hazardous areas are located in Appendix B Hazardous
Area Installation. Entity parameters, barrier selection, and important wiring information are specified on
these drawings. The appendix also contains a list of tested barriers.
WARNING
Explosion can cause death or serious injury.
In a Division 1 area, where an explosion-proof rating is
required, remove power from the transmitter before removing
either enclosure cap. When replacing an enclosure cap, it
must be screwed onto the enclosure until the O-ring is
sufficiently compressed to prevent leakage into the
enclosure. Cap locks may be required.
All pertinent regulations regarding installation in a hazardous
area must be observed.
Before installing a transmitter in a hazardous area, check the rating and approval plates on the transmitter
and Section 9 Model Designation and Specifications for required approvals or certifications.
Explosion-Proof Installation
If the installation is required to be explosion-proof as defined by the National Electrical Code, refer to a
current copy of the Code and the following:
•
User-supplied explosion-proof conduit seals (glands) are required on transmitter housing conduit
outlets and any installed junction boxes. See Figure 4-16.
•
Explosion-proof glands must provide a good seal. Apply a sealing compound around the sealing
surface if necessary.
•
Power wiring conduit entries at the transmitter must have a minimum of five threads fully engaged.
•
The enclosure cap must be installed and have a minimum of eight threads fully engaged with no
damaged threads permitted.
•
Go to Section 4.6 for wiring connections to the transmitter’s terminals. Refer to Appendix B for
hazardous area installation.
This completes the physical installation.
!
November 2010
4-33
Installation
4-34
UMSITRPDS3-1
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Post-Installation Test
5.0 POST-INSTALLATION TEST
This section provides guidelines for performing a post-installation test or commissioning. These steps
include:
•
Performing an installation review to verify that the proper transmitter is installed and that it is
installed correctly. See Section 5.2.
•
Testing HART communications and performing a transmitter self test. Exercising the transmitter over
its configured range and checking analog output accuracy. See Sections 5.3 and 5.4.
•
Adjusting shutoff valves to set transmitter zero and prepare for on-line operation with live process
pressures. See Section 5.5.
WARNING
Explosion can cause death or serious injury.
Only a certified ammeter may be used in intrinsically
safe circuits.
In a Division 1 area, where an explosion-proof rating is
required, remove power from the transmitter before
removing either enclosure cap.
If a pre-installation test of the transmitter was not performed, review Section 3 Pre-Installation Test as the
described tests can be performed after installation.
5.1 TEST EQUIPMENT
•
User configuration data for the transmitter(s)
•
HART Communicator (see Section 2 of this manual)
•
Laboratory grade digital multimeter (DMM); for calibrating the 4 to 20 mA output signal; a meter
certified for use in intrinsically safe circuits must be used in an intrinsically safe installation
Voltmeter Section
Accuracy ±0.01% of reading
Resolution 1.0 mV
Ammeter Section
Input impedance 10 MΩ
Accuracy ±0.1% of reading
Resolution ±1 μA
Shunt resistance 15Ω or less
5.2 INSTALLATION REVIEW
1. To ensure the correct transmitter model has been installed, note the model designation and
certifications on the transmitter’s rating and approval plates. Compare this information to the model
specified in user’s documentation (P&I drawing).
November 2010
5-1
Post-Installation Test
UMSITRPDS3-1
Refer to Section 9 Model Designations and Specifications to confirm that the correct model with the
correct certifications has been installed. Confirm that any needed hazardous area barriers have been
installed and that all other installation requirements have been met.
2. Check that the transmitter is securely mounted. Check transmitter piping. Be sure that all needed
shutoff valves and related equipment have been installed.
3. Check all wiring for correct and secure connection. Refer to Section 4 Installation and to user’s
documentation for wiring diagrams.
4. Check wire runs to be sure that wires are protected from abrasion or other damage, correctly
supported, and physically separated from other signal or power wiring that may cause interference.
5. Check that a current sense resistor of the correct value has been installed.
6. Apply power to the power supply or other loop power source (e.g., controller). Use the DMM to
check power supply output voltage. Note that the transmitter is on whenever power is applied.
5.3 EQUIPMENT CONNECTION
1. Connect the equipment as shown in Section 4 Installation, in the user’s documentation, or as shown
below. The HART Communicator is a non-polar device.
2. Set the DMM to read 4-20 mA.
5
+
250
1
_
_
Vdc
2
+
4-20 mA
+
4
6
_
MG00358c
mA
1
2
3
_
+
I
+
O
3
Transmitter terminals
Analog output test terminals
Digital milliammeter; loop current can also be
shown on the optional transmitter display in
0-100%.
4
5
6
HART Communicator; Communicator can be
connected across the 250Ω range resistor.
Controller, recorder, indicator, or other 1-5
Vdc signal input device (e.g. Model 353)
DC power supply
FIGURE 5-1 Equipment Connection for System Checkout
5-2
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Post-Installation Test
5.4 VERIFICATION
This section describes the communication test, communication error check, analog output verification,
and configuration verification. It also contains subsections that involve manipulation of the process
pressures applied to the transmitter.
5.4.1 Communication Test
This test verifies that the HART Communicator and transmitter(s) can communicate properly. From user
configuration documentation, obtain transmitter IDs, addresses, and tags.
1. Turn on the HART Communicator by pressing the I/O key.
•
If the Communicator finds a transmitter on a Point-To-Point Network, the Online menu with the
transmitter’s type and tag name is displayed. Go to Section 5.4.2.
•
If the Communicator displays: No device found at address 0. Poll?, go to either
step 2 or 3, depending upon the type of network installed.
2. POINT-TO-POINT NETWORK
Check the following: Communicator connections, all other loop connections, power to transmitter,
transmitter address (0), and transmitter model number. Repair as necessary and repeat step 1.
3. MULTI-DROP NETWORK
Press Yes (F1) to enter digital mode and search for devices with polling addresses of 1-15.
•
If the Communicator finds a transmitter on a Multi-Drop Network, the Online menu with the
transmitter’s type and tag name is displayed. Each transmitter connected to the loop can be
interrogated in sequence. Go to the next Section.
•
If the Communicator displays: No device found. Press OK, check all loop connections,
power to transmitters, transmitter addresses (1-15), transmitter model numbers, etc. Repair as
necessary and repeat step 1.
5.4.2 Transmitter Selftest
To test the transmitter’s electronics, perform the following:
1. Establish communication; the Online menu displays. In the Online menu, Press 3 Device Setup.
2. In sequence, press 2 Diagnostics/Service, 2 Simulation/Test, 2 Test and finally 1 Selftest.
3. The message Selftest OK will be shown when the transmitter passes its selftest. If it does not pass, an
error message will be shown.
•
If the transmitter passes, go to Section 5.4.3.
•
If an error message is displayed, troubleshoot as necessary. Refer to Section 7 Calibration and
Maintenance as needed.
November 2010
5-3
Post-Installation Test
UMSITRPDS3-1
5.4.3 Loop Test
This test verifies that a transmitter is operating properly and is capable of transmitting 0% and 100%
analog output signals to a HART Master. The test applies only to transmitters operating in analog mode.
A transmitter configured for digital mode can be tested by setting its address to zero (0).
1. Establish communication; the Online menu displays. First, press 3 Device Setup, then 2
Diagnostics/Service, 2 Simulation/Test, 1 Simulation, and finally 1 Loop Test.
2. A warning appears: “WARN–Loop should be removed from
automatic control.” If the loop status cannot be changed for
operational reasons, press ABORT (F3) to end this
procedure and return to the Online menu. If it is okay to
proceed, go to step 3.
3. Remove the loop from automatic control, then press OK
(F4). When OK is pressed, a list of analog output options is
displayed (at right).
4. Press “1” on the keypad or ENTER (F4) to select the 4 mA
option. The Communicator displays the message “Fld dev
output is fixed at 4.000 mA.” Press OK (F4) to confirm and
proceed with testing or press ABORT (F3) and proceed to
step 8.
5. Read the DMM. The value should be 4 mA.
SITRANS P
Choose analog output
level
1 4mA
2 20mA
3 Other
4 End
ABORT|ENTER
Note: If using a Model 375 Field
Communicator, see the inside of
the front cover of this manual.
6. Repeat steps 4 and 5 using the 20 mA output level. The
DMM reading should be 20 mA.
7. For outputs other than 4 or 20 mA, choose option 3, Other,
and enter any desired output value. The DMM reading
should be the entered value in mA.
8. To end the loop override session, press “4” on the keypad or
the ABORT (F3) softkey. The message “Returning fld dev to
original output” appears.
9. When the message “NOTE–Loop may be returned to
automatic control” appears, return the loop to automatic
control, then press OK (F4). This completes verification of
analog output.
IMPORTANT
Failure to exit loop override correctly can cause
the transmitter to remain parked at a fixed
current.
5-4
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Post-Installation Test
5.5 TRANSMITTER ZERO AND SHUTOFF VALVE MANIPULATION
This section describes setting transmitter zero and adjusting shutoff valves for use with live process
pressures. The following commissioning cases are typical examples. Different arrangements may be
advisable depending on the system configuration.
WARNING
Improper operation of the valves can result in serious injury or considerable
material damage.
Read and understand the complete procedure before starting a post-installation
test.
5.5.1 Absolute Pressure
Absolute pressure transmitters with gauge construction or with differential construction can be
commissioned using the following methods.
WARNING
Process material can be hazardous to people and harmful to equipment.
November 2010
5-5
Post-Installation Test
UMSITRPDS3-1
5.5.1.1 Measuring Gases
Operate the shutoff fittings as described below. Refer to Figure 5-2 to identify the valve being
manipulated.
1. Close all valves.
2. Open the test connection shutoff valve (2B).
3. Apply to the transmitter, through the test connection shutoff fitting (2), a pressure corresponding to
zero.
4. Check zero and correct if necessary.
5. Close the test connection shutoff valve (2B).
6. Open the shutoff valve (4) on the pressure tap.
7. Open process shutoff valve 2A.
Transmitter above the pressure tapping point
(normal arrangement)
Transmitter below the pressure tapping point
(exception)
1
2
4
5
6
7
3
Transmitter
Shutoff fitting
A - Shutoff valve to the process
B - Shutoff valve for test connection or
venting screw
Pressure pipe
Shutoff valve
Shutoff valve (optional)
Condensation vessel (optional)
Drain valve
FIGURE 5-2 Measuring Gases
5-6
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Post-Installation Test
5.5.1.2 Measuring Vapor and Liquid
Operate the shutoff valves in the following order. Refer to Figure 5-3 to identify the valves used in the
procedure.
1. Close all valves.
2. Open shutoff valve 2B.
3. Apply to the transmitter, through the test connection shutoff fitting (2), a pressure corresponding to
zero.
4. Check zero and correct if necessary.
5. Close shutoff valve 2B.
6. Open shutoff valve (4) on the pressure tap.
7. Open process shutoff valve 2A.
1 Transmitter
2 Shutoff fitting
A - Shutoff valve to the process
B - Shutoff valve for test connection or venting
screw
3 Pressure pipe
4 Shutoff valve
5 Drain valve
6 Condensation vessel (for vapor only)
FIGURE 5-3 Measuring Vapor and Liquid
November 2010
5-7
Post-Installation Test
UMSITRPDS3-1
5.5.2 Differential Pressure and Flow
Differential pressure and flow transmitters can be commissioned using the following methods.
WARNING
Process material can be hazardous to people and harmful to equipment. Serious
injury or considerable material damage may result if:
•
The vent valve and/or the sealing screw are missing or are not sufficiently
tight.
•
The valves are operated wrongly or improperly.
In the case of hot process liquid or gas, the individual operating steps must be
performed in rapid succession. Otherwise, the valves and the transmitter may be
over heated leading to damage.
5.5.2.1 Measuring Gases
Operate the shutoff valves in the following order. Refer to Figure 5-4 to identify the valves used in the
procedure.
1. Close all valves.
2. Open both shutoff valves (5) at the pressure taps.
3. Open the compensation valve (2).
4. Open one active pressure valve (3A or 3B).
5. Check and correct zero (4 mA) if necessary at zero mbar.
6. Close the compensation valve (2).
7. Open the other active pressure valve (3A or 3B).
5-8
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Post-Installation Test
Transmitter above the active pressure taps (normal
arrangement)
Transmitter below the active pressure taps
(exception)
1
2
3
4
5
7
9
10
Transmitter
Compensation valve
Active pressure valves
Active pressure lines
Shutoff valves
Blowout valve
Condensation vessels (optional)
Active pressure taps
FIGURE 5-4 Measuring Gases
5.5.2.2 Measuring Liquids
Operate the shutoff valves in the following order. Refer to Figure 5-5 to identify the valves used in the
procedure.
1. Close all valves.
2. Open both shutoff valves (5) at the pressure taps.
3. Perform one of the following depending upon transmitter location:
•
“Transmitter below the active pressure tap” - Open both blowout valves (7) one after the other.
•
“Transmitter above the active pressure tap” - Open both vent valves (8) slightly until air-free
liquid emerges.
4. Close both blowout valves (7) or vent valves (8).
5. Open the active pressure valve (3A) and the vent valve at the high-pressure chamber of the
transmitter (1) slightly until air-free liquid emerges.
6. Close the vent valve.
7. Open the vent valve at the low-pressure chamber of the transmitter (1) slightly until air-free liquid
emerges.
November 2010
5-9
Post-Installation Test
UMSITRPDS3-1
8. Close the active pressure valve (2).
9. Open the active pressure valve (3B) slightly until air-free liquid emerges, then close it.
10. Close the vent valve at the low-pressure chamber (1).
11. Open the active pressure valve (3A) by 1/2 turn.
12. Check and correct zero (4 mA) if necessary at zero bar.
13. Close the compensation valve (2).
14. Open the active pressure valves (3A and 3B) fully.
Transmitter above the active pressure taps (normal
arrangement)
Transmitter below the active pressure taps
(exception)
1
2
3
4
5
7
10
12
Transmitter
Compensation valve
Active pressure valves
Active pressure lines
Shutoff valves
Blowout valves
Active pressure taps
Gas collectors (optional)
FIGURE 5-5 Measuring Liquids
5-10
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Post-Installation Test
5.5.3 Measuring Vapor
Operate the shutoff valves in the following order. Refer to Figure 5-6 to identify the valves used in the
procedure.
Caution
The measuring result is error-free only when the active pressure lines (4) contain
equal columns of condensate that are at the same temperature. Repeat the zero
adjustment when these conditions are satisfied.
If the compensation valve (2) is opened when the shutoff valves (5) and active
pressure valves (3) are both open, the transmitter (1) may be damaged by flowing
vapors.
1. Open both shutoff valves (5) at the pressure taps.
2. Open the compensation valve (2).
3. Wait until the vapor in the active pressure lines (4) and in the compensation vessels (13) has
condensed.
4. Open the active pressure valve (3A) and the vent valve at the high-pressure chamber of the
transmitter (1) slightly until air-free condensate emerges.
5. Close the vent valve.
6. Open the vent valve at the low-pressure chamber of the transmitter (1) slightly until air-free
condensate emerges.
7. Close the active pressure valve (3A).
1 Transmitter
2 Compensation valve
3 Active pressure valves
4 Active pressure lines
5 Shutoff valves
7 Blowout valves
10 Active pressure taps
13 Condensation vessels
14 Insulation
FIGURE 5-6 Measuring Vapor
8. Open the active pressure valve (3B) slightly until air-free condensate emerges, then close it.
9. Close the vent valve at the low-pressure chamber (1).
10. Open the active pressure valve (3A) by 1/2 turn.
November 2010
5-11
Post-Installation Test
UMSITRPDS3-1
11. Check and correct zero (4 mA) if necessary at zero bar.
12. Close the compensation valve (2).
13. Open the active pressure valves (3A and 3B) fully.
This completes the post-installation testing. Disconnect test equipment, connect any disconnected wires,
and restore any removed protective covers on the transmitter or other devices.
!
5-12
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
On-Line Operation
6.0 ON-LINE CONFIGURATION AND OPERATION
A transmitter is shipped with default data in its memory. Some of this data controls communication and
transmitter operation and cannot be altered. Other data is used by the transmitter to respond to changes in
pressure with a change in output current or HART digital output and is alterable by the user. This data
includes configuration parameters that set up the transmitter for use in a specific process environment.
On-line operation includes local configuration using the magnetic pushbuttons on the transmitter
enclosure and remote configuration and monitoring involving communication between the HART
Communicator (host device) and transmitter.
There are four major subsections. Section 6.1 introduces the local digital display and the local magnetic
pushbuttons. Section 6.2 provides details about configuring and using the transmitter locally; the optional
display must be installed. Section 6.3 describes use of a transmitter that does not have a display. Finally,
Section 6.4 provides the steps to configure and monitor a transmitter from a HART Communicator.
6.1 LOCAL OPERATION AND DISPLAY
2
There are three magnetic pushbuttons or keys:
M = Mode Select
( = Increase
' = Decrease
Use the display and the magnetic pushbuttons as described in
this section.
1
3
+
+
MG00364b
Local configuration and operation make use of built-in magnetic
pushbuttons and an optional digital display. As shown in the
adjacent figure, the display (1) is behind the enclosure cap. The
magnetic pushbuttons are under the hinged cover (2).
1
2
Optional digital display
Magnetic pushbutton
(keyboard) access cover
Enclosure cap
3
6.1.1 Digital Display
The local display can show the measured value and engineering unit, sign, status, mode, and output
current; see Figure 6-1. The root sign appears when a square root characteristic is used for differential
pressure or flow. HART communications is indicated by flashing of the communication indicator.
1 Numeric display
2 Unit/bargraph display
3 Root display (flow)
4 Mode/pushbutton disable
5 Status -lower current limit reached
6 Sign for measured value
7 Status - upper current limit reached
8 HART communication indicator
FIGURE 6-1 Digital Display
November 2010
6-1
On-Line Operation
UMSITRPDS3-1
6.1.2 Numeric Display
The 5-digit numeric display can be configured to show one of the following.
•
Transmitter current output (4-20 mA or %, selection shown in the unit/bargraph display)
•
Pressure value, in percent, relative to the set range
•
Measured value in a selectable engineering unit (shown on the unit/bargraph display)
Sign for the Measured Value
When the measured value is a negative number, the minus sign is lighted.
Status Arrows
Table 6-1 shows the modes in which the status arrows are active, as well as the meaning of each arrow for
each mode.
TABLE 6-1 Operating Mode and Status Arrows
Status ( (Display)
Status ' (Display)
Upper current limit exceeded
Lower current limit exceeded
Upper current limit exceeded
Lower current limit exceeded
Upper damping value exceeded
Lower damping value exceeded
Upper sensor limit exceeded
Lower sensor limit exceeded
Upper sensor limit exceeded
Lower sensor limit exceeded.
Maximum span exceeded by more
----than 5%
Square root switch point exceeded
Dropped 5% below the square root
by more than 15%
switch point
Magnetic Pushbutton Operation
Span to be set exceeds the maximum Span to be set is less than the
(Mode 2, 3, 5, or 6)
span
minimum span
Normal Operation
Output current exceeds the upper
Output current is below the lower
saturation limit or
saturation limit or
Input pressure exceeds the upper
Input pressure is below the lower
sensor limit
sensor limit
1
Operating Mode selected by pressing the M pushbutton.
2
pmin = minimum operating input pressure; 3 pmax = maximum operating input pressure
Operating Mode1
Mode 2 (set zero2)
Mode 3 (set full scale3)
Mode 4 (set damping)
Mode 5 (set zero blind2)
Mode 6 (set full scale blind3)
Mode 7 (set zero position
correction)
Mode 12 (set root switch point)
Communication Indicator
) = HART communication is active when the circle is flashing.
6-2
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
On-Line Operation
6.1.3 Unit/Bargraph Display
This alphanumeric display has five 14-segment fields in the lower right quadrant of the display; see
below. It shows the selected engineering unit as a percentage, engineering unit, or current value. If
desired, a bargraph which represents the percentage pressure value in the range from 0-100% can
alternate with the engineering unit. The bargraph function is turned off in the default setting.
Engineering Unit
Bargraph
The unit/bargraph display is also used to display a scrolling error, warning, or alarm message.
6.1.4 Error Message
The message “Error” will be displayed in the Numeric display should a
transmitter hardware or software problem occur. A message describing the
error will scroll horizontally through the unit/bargraph display. This
information is also available at the HART Communicator.
6.1.5 Output Signal Range
The output signal is divided into defined areas.
The transmitter converts the measured pressure into an output current that is
normally in the range of 4-20 mA.
Measured values below and above the range limits are also displayed. The UNDER message or OVER
message for the selected unit appears alternately in place of the engineering unit or bargraph. The
overflow range, shown in the following figure, can be set using the HART Communicator. When an
upper or lower range limit is exceeded, the output current remains linear and a status arrow appears on the
transmitter display; see Table 6-1.
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1
2
3
4
5
6
7
UMSITRPDS3-1
Linear modulation range
Lower limit of the modulation range (default value)
Upper limit of the modulation range (default value)
Lower fault current value (default value)
Upper fault current value (default value)
Recommended setting range for lower fault current range and lower modulation range limit
Recommended setting range for upper fault current range and upper modulation range limit
6.1.6 Mode Display
An operating mode is selected by pressing the M pushbutton. The selected
mode is shown in the lower left quadrant of the digital display. In the
example at right, mode 4 Electric Damping has been selected and a
damping value of 0.2 has been set.
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6.2 LOCAL OPERATION WITH THE MAGNETIC PUSHBUTTONS
The transmitter can be configured locally using the magnetic pushbuttons, shown below. Table 6-2 shows
the operating modes and configuration parameters accessed by pressing the M pushbutton. These
configuration parameters are also available using the HART Communicator.
Note
A selected mode will time out after about 2 minutes of pushbutton inactivity and
the displayed parameter value will be stored.
A polling address of zero (0) must be stored for the magnetic pushbuttons to
function. The magnetic pushbuttons will be disabled if a polling address of 1-15
has been stored, as indicated by a C in the lower left quadrant of the display.
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UMSITRPDS3-1
TABLE 6-2 Parameters Accessible Using the Magnetic Pushbuttons
Configuration
Parameter
Measured value
Mode
Increase/Decrease Pushbuttons (Keys)
' Decrease
( and '3
M 1 ( Increase
---------
Error display
Zero
Full scale
Electric damping
Zero “blind
setting”
Full scale “blind
setting”
Zero for position
correction 2
--2
3
4
5
--Increase current
Increase current
Increase damping
Increase pressure
--Decrease current
Decrease current
Decrease damping
Decrease pressure
6
Increase pressure
Decrease pressure
7
---
---
Output Current
Failsafe output
current
Pushbutton
enable/disable
8
9
Increase current
---
Decrease current
---
--Set to 4 mA
Set to 20 mA
--Set to start of
scale 0
Set to upper
measuring limit
Press both
pushbuttons
simultaneously
Switch on/off
Select
10
---
---
Select
Characteristic, DP
only
11
---
---
Select
Set square root
switch point
Measured value
display
12
Increase
Decrease
---
13
---
---
Select
Unit of pressure
14
---
---
Select
Description
See
Section
Output current in mA or % 6.2.10
or input pressure in
selected engineering units
Error
6.2.7
Output current in mA
6.2.2
Output current in mA
6.2.2
Range 0.0 to 100.0 seconds 6.2.3
Zero in the selected
6.2.4
engineering unit
Full scale in the selected
6.2.4
engineering unit
Re-zero when oriented
6.2.5
from vertical
Constant output current
Failsafe output current;
limits set by user
0 = None
LA = All disabled
LO = All disabled except
zero
LS = All disabled except
zero and full scale
L = Write protect; HART
operation disabled
Lin = linear
Srlin = square root (linear
to switch (i.e., application)
point)
Sroff = square root
(switched off up to switch
point)
Srli2 = square root (slowly
increasing up to 0.6%, then
linear up to switch point)
Parameter range 5 to 15%
of flow
Unit of pressure (input
value) or output current in
either mA or 0-100%
See Figure 6-3 for
engineering units
6.2.6
6.2.7
6.2.8
6.2.9
6.2.9
6.2.10
6.2.11
Notes:
1. Press the M pushbutton to change the mode.
2. IMPORTANT: Absolute pressure transmitters - the zero is established in a vacuum! A zero adjustment to a ventilated absolute
transmitter will cause an error!
3. Press both pushbuttons simultaneously.
DP = differential pressure
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6.2.1 Cancel Pushbutton Disable and Write Protection
A pushbutton disable (LA, LO, LS, or L) can be entered locally or from the HART Communicator. To
enable the pushbuttons, press and hold the M pushbutton for at least 5 seconds.
Another pushbutton disable (LL) can be entered from the Communicator. This disable must be canceled
using HART. See Section 6.4.9 to cancel the LL disable.
6.2.2 Set/Adjust Zero and Full Scale
Zero and full scale can be set or adjusted from the magnetic pushbuttons. Modes 2 and 3 provide access.
Both forward and reverse acting characteristics are accommodated.
6.2.2.1 Theoretical Relationships
Setting Zero and Full Scale
First, specify the desired zero and full scale analog output currents, typically 4 mA and 20 mA
respectively. Operating process pressures are then specified: pmin and pmax, for minimum and maximum
operating pressures. When specifying these input pressures, always refer to the rating plate for model
number, measuring span, and other performance related information.
Apply the input pressures and set the output currents using the local magnetic pushbuttons or the HART
Communicator. Input pressures can be supplied by the process or by test equipment. Set zero first and
then set full scale, since setting zero does not affect the span and setting full scale does not affect zero.
The relationship between the measured pressure and the resulting current output is linear, except when a
square root output characteristic is selected. The output current for a linear relationship can be calculated
using the following equation.
I=
p − p min
∗ 16 mA + 4 mA
p max − p min
I = output current
p = input pressure for I
pmin = minimum operating input pressure (MA in leporello)
pmax = maximum operating input pressure (ME in leporello)
An example of the use of this equation is given below.
1. Given: a transmitter with a measuring range of 0 to 232 psi. The operating range is to be 29 to 203
psi.
2. Apply 29 psi to the transmitter. Press the M (mode) pushbutton to set the transmitter to mode 2. Set
the zero by pressing the ( and ' pushbuttons simultaneously for about 2 seconds. An output current
of 4 mA is then set.
3. Apply 203 psi. Press the M pushbutton to set the transmitter to mode 3. Set the full scale by pressing
the ( and ' pushbuttons simultaneously for about 2 seconds. An output current of 20 mA is then set.
4. Calculate the output current for other input pressures. Apply the desired pressure and check the output
current against the calculated value.
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UMSITRPDS3-1
Given
Set Zero
Set Full Scale
Calculate Output Current
Adjusting Zero and Full Scale from a Single Reference
Zero and full scale can be adjusted to any desired current using only one reference pressure. This is
particularly useful if the pressures necessary for zero and full scale are unavailable. Note that after the
adjustment is completed, the measuring range on the rating plate may not match the new range.
Required to be known: The reference pressure, present zero value, and present full scale value.
Calculate the current to be set at pzn using the first formula. Then calculate the current to be set at pfsn
using the second formula.
pzn I =
pfsn I =
pref − p zn
p fso − p zo
pref − p zn
p fsn − p zn
∗ 16 mA + 4 mA
∗ 16 mA + 4 mA
I = output current
pref = applied reference pressure
pfso = old full scale (MEact in leporello)
pzo = old start of scale (MAact in leporello)
pfsn = new full scale (MEnom in leporello)
pzn = new start of scale (MAnom in leporello)
An example of the use of these equations is given below. The figure following the example illustrates
these steps.
1. Given: A transmitter with a measuring range of 0 to 160 psi. Change the span to 20 to 140 psi. A
reference pressure of 110 psi is available.
2. Apply the reference pressure.
3. Calculate zero (20 psi) using the first formula.
4. Press the transmitter’s M pushbutton to go the mode 2. Set the output current to 13 mA.
5. Calculate full scale (140 psi) using the second formula.
6. Press the transmitter’s M pushbutton to go to mode 3. Set the output current to 16 mA.
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November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
On-Line Operation
Given
Set Zero
Set Full Scale
6.2.2.2 Practical Applications
Set Zero and Full Scale
The steps below should be followed to set the transmitter zero output current to 4 mA and the full scale
current to 20 mA.
1. Apply a pressure representing zero.
2. Press the M pushbutton until mode 2 appears.
3. Set zero by pressing the ( or ' pushbutton to set the display to 4 mA.
4. Press the M pushbutton to save the setting and go to mode 3.
5. Apply a pressure representing full scale.
6. Set full scale by pressing the ( or ' pushbutton to set the full scale output current value in the
display.
7. Press the M pushbutton to save the setting.
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UMSITRPDS3-1
Adjust Zero and Full Scale
If only a single reference pressure is available, calculate the currents to be adjusted using the formulas and
procedure in Section 6.2.2.1 subsection Adjusting Zero and Full Scale from a Single Reference.
1. If the transmitter does not have a display and an external milliammeter must be connected to read
analog output current, remove the field terminals enclosure cap and connect the milliammeter.
WARNING
Explosion can cause death or serious injury.
Only a certified ammeter may be used in intrinsically
safe circuits.
In a Division 1 area, where an explosion-proof rating is
required, remove power from the transmitter before
removing either enclosure cap.
2. Apply a known reference pressure.
3. Press the M pushbutton until mode 2 appears.
4. Set zero by pressing the ( or ' pushbutton.
5. Press the M pushbutton to save the setting and go to mode 3.
6. Set full scale by pressing the ( or ' pushbutton.
7. Press the M pushbutton to save the setting.
6.2.3 Electric Damping
Set the electronic damping time constant to between 0-100 seconds, in steps of 0.1 seconds, using the
magnetic pushbuttons.
1. Press the M pushbutton until mode 4 appears.
2. Press the ( or ' pushbutton to set the damping to the desired value.
3. Save the setting by pressing the M pushbutton.
6.2.4 Blind Setting of Zero and Full Scale
Modes 5 and 6 are used to set or adjust zero and full scale respectively with no input pressure applied to
the transmitter. It is also possible to change between forward acting and reverse acting characteristics
here.
6.2.4.1 Theoretical Relationships
To adjust zero and full scale:
1. Select the desired engineering unit.
2. Select mode 5 and press and press the ( or ' pushbutton to adjust the lower pressure value that is to
be equivalent to a 4 mA output. (Note that the pressure adjustment will not go below zero even if the
lower sensor limit (LSL) is below zero.)
3. Select mode 6 and press the ( or ' pushbutton adjust the upper pressure value that is to be
equivalent to a 20 mA output. (The assumed pressure will be the upper sensor limit.)
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UMSITRPDS3-1
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After adjusting, the measuring span specified on the rating plate may no longer match the new span.
A turn-down up to a maximum 100:1 (span ratio = r, turn-down) can be reached depending on the series
and the measuring range.
The relationship between the measured pressure and the generated output current is linear, except for the
square root characteristic in differential pressure transmitters.
Example:
1. Given: a transmitter with a measuring span of 0 to 232 psi. Adjust it to a measuring span of 29 to 203
psi without applying a reference pressure. (The assumed pressure will be zero psi or the lower sensor
limit whichever is greater.)
2. Press the M pushbutton to select mode 5.
3. Adjust zero to 29 psi by pressing the ( or ' pushbutton.
4. Press the M pushbutton to save the value and select mode 6.
5. Adjust full scale to 203 psi by pressing the ( or ' pushbutton.
6. Press the M pushbutton to save the value.
6.2.4.2 Practical Applications
Set zero and full scale (blind):
1. Select the pressure input engineering unit.
2. Press the M pushbutton to select mode 5.
3. Press the ( and ' pushbuttons simultaneously and hold for 2 seconds. Zero is set to lower sensor
limit.
4. Press the M pushbutton to save the value and select mode 6.
5. Press the ( or ' pushbuttons and hold for 2 seconds. Full scale is set to the upper sensor limit.
6. Press the M pushbutton to save the value.
Adjust zero and full scale (blind):
1. Select the pressure input engineering unit.
2. Press the M pushbutton to select mode 5.
3. Adjust zero by pressing the ( or ' pushbutton. This value will produce 4 mA.
4. Press the M pushbutton to save the input pressure value and select mode 6.
5. Adjust full scale by pressing the ( or ' pushbutton. This value will produce 20 mA.
6. Press the M pushbutton to save the input pressure value.
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On-Line Operation
UMSITRPDS3-1
6.2.5 Zero Adjustment (Position Correction)
The zero error resulting from a non-vertical installation position can be easily corrected. This procedure
can be performed locally using the magnetic pushbuttons or remotely using the HART Communicator.
Section 7 Calibration and Maintenance discusses the cause of this zero error.
IMPORTANT
To zero an absolute pressure transmitter, a vacuum must be applied! The zero
adjustment of a ventilated absolute pressure transmitter will cause an erroneous
zero set.
1. Ventilate or evacuate the transmitter.
•
Ventilate for pressure, differential pressure, flow, and flanged level transmitters.
•
Evacuate for absolute transmitters to <0.1% of the measuring span.
2. Select mode 7 by pressing the mode pushbutton.
3. Set zero by simultaneously pressing the ( and ' pushbuttons for 2 seconds; 0.000 will appear in the
display.
4. Press the M pushbutton until no mode number is shown. An output current of 4 mA is generated.
6.2.5.1 Zero-Point Alignment at Absolute Pressure
Performing a position correction to an absolute pressure transmitters may not properly calibrate zero if a
vacuum is not available as the reference pressure. In this case, the three options below are available.
•
Perform a lower sensor alignment using the Communicator.
Carry out a lower sensor alignment at an applied, known and sufficiently stable reference pressure. 2
With this type of alignment, the digital displayed measured value is adjusted. The output current is
relative to this displayed value.
•
Set the current in mode 2 of local operation.
Use the formula below to calculate the current to be set for a known, sufficiently stable reference
pressure. (See the footnote below.)
I=
( p ref − p setpt )
( p fso − p zo )
∗ 16 mA + 4 mA
In model 2, enter this current with the ( and ' pushbuttons and save the value by pressing the M
pushbutton.
With this setting, the digital displayed value is not changed.
•
Change the value of the start of measurement in mode 5 of local operation:
2
If the applied process pressure is known and sufficiently stable, it can be used instead of the reference pressure.
Enter mode 4, when necessary, and enter an appropriate damping value.
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November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
On-Line Operation
Change the display, when necessary, by use of mode 13, so that the physical unit selected in mode 14
is in display mode.
Calculate the difference between the measured pressure and the known and sufficiently stable
reference pressure. (See the footnote on the previous page.)
Change to mode 5. Add the calculated difference with the correct sign to the displayed measured start
position. Enter this calculated value using the ( and ' pushbuttons and save the value by pressing
the M pushbutton.
6.2.6 Fixed Current Output
The transmitter can be switched to a fixed current output mode for loop troubleshooting. Here, the analog
output current will not vary with process pressure or level variations.
The fixed current output can be set locally or remotely to 3.6 mA, 4.0 mA, 12.0 mA, 20 mA, or 22.8 mA.
Other values can be set using the HART Communicator.
1. Press the M pushbutton until mode 8 is shown on the transmitter display.
2. Set zero by simultaneously pressing the ( and ' pushbuttons for 2 seconds; the selected current will
appear in the display.
3. Select the desired current by pressing the ( or ' pushbutton.
4. To cancel the fixed current mode, press the M pushbutton.
6.2.7 Failure Current
The failure current is the current that is to be output in the event of a fault or alarm. The default values are
3.6 mA and 22.8 mA. These values can be changed using the HART Communicator.
1. Press the M pushbutton to display mode 9.
2. Select the desired fault current by pressing the ( or ' pushbutton.
3. Press the M pushbutton to save the selection and exit mode 9.
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On-Line Operation
UMSITRPDS3-1
6.2.8 Pushbutton and Function Disable
Mode 10 is used to disable some or all magnetic pushbutton functions. In addition, a write protect
function can be activated to prevent changing of saved parameters. There are five options as shown in
Table 6.3.
TABLE 6-3 Pushbutton and Function Disable Options
Symbol
no symbol
LA
LO
LS
L
Explanation
No disable.
Input pushbuttons disabled. Operation via HART is enabled.
Zero can be set; all other functions are disabled. Operation via HART is enabled.
Only zero and full scale can be set (see Section 6.3); all other functions are disabled.
Operation via HART is enabled.
Write protect enabled. Operation by HART disabled.
LL is another pushbutton disable that is available in HART; see Section 6.4.9. The disable option symbol
will appear in the lower left quadrant of the digital display. To cancel a disable option, see Section 6.2.1.
To select a pushbutton or function disable option:
1. If LO or LS is to be selected, first press the M pushbutton to go to mode 13. Select either Current in
mA or Current in %. Otherwise, a change in the output variable will not be detected when an arrow
pushbutton is pressed.
2. Press the M pushbutton to go the mode 10. Select a disable option by pressing either arrow
pushbutton.
3. Press the M pushbutton to save the selection.
Note
When a transmitter is delivered without a display, disable option LS is active. If
the transmitter is to be permanently operated without a display, be sure option LS
remains active.
6.2.9 Flow Measurement (Differential Pressure only)
Select the characteristic of the output current as follows:
•
Linear - proportional to the differential pressure
•
Square Root - proportional to the flow
Below the switch point of the square root function, output current can have a linear characteristic (SrLin),
rise slowly to 0.6% and then increase linearly (SrLi2), or stay at 4 mA (SroFF). See Figure 6-2 for the
three characteristics.
To select the characteristics:
1. Press the M pushbutton to enable mode 11.
2. Press either arrow pushbutton to select the desired characteristic.
3. Press the M pushbutton to save the selection.
4. Press the M pushbutton to enable mode 12.
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November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
On-Line Operation
5. Press either arrow pushbutton to select a switch point between 5 and 15%.
6. Save the selection by pressing the M pushbutton.
Note
If the input pressure is selected for display in mode 13 and the square root
characteristic in mode 11, the differential pressure corresponding to the flow and
the root sign are displayed.
FIGURE 6-2 Switch Point of the Square Root Characteristic
November 2010
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UMSITRPDS3-1
6.2.10 Select Measured Value to Display
Mode 13 has three options:
•
Display output current in mA
•
Display output current in % (of the set measured range)
•
Display input pressure in engineering units selected in mode 14
To make a selection:
1. Press the M pushbutton to enable mode 13.
2. Press either arrow pushbutton to select the desired option.
3. Press the M pushbutton to save the selection.
6.2.11 Select the Displayed Input Pressure Engineering Unit
Mode 14 selects the engineering units that are to be assigned to the displayed input pressure (selected in
mode 13). Available selections are shown in Figure 6-3. The engineering unit set using HART (Section
6.4.11) has no effect on this local setting.
1. To select the engineering unit:
2. Press the M pushbutton to enable mode 14.
3. Press either arrow pushbutton to step through the available engineering units list.
4. Press the M pushbutton to save the selection.
If the capacity of the digital display is exceeded, 9.9.9.9.9 will appear.
6-16
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
On-Line Operation
bar
mbar
mm water column (20°C/68°F)
Inch water column (20°C/68°F)
Feet water column (20°C/68°F)
mm mercury column
Inch mercury column
psi
Pa
KPa
MPa
kg/cm2
Torr
MG00361a
g/cm2
ATM
Inch water column (4°C/39°F)
mm water column (4°C/39°F)
Calculated and displayed according to the dimension
set with HART.
FIGURE 6-3 Displayable Engineering Units
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UMSITRPDS3-1
6.3 LOCAL OPERATION WITHOUT A DISPLAY OR WITH ACTIVATED KEYLOCK
When a transmitter is ordered without a display, pushbutton disable mode LS is the default setting.
Limited operation from the magnetic pushbuttons is available. This section describes local operation
when the display is not present or when the magnetic pushbuttons or several modes have been disabled.
Refer to Section 6.2.8 for the pushbutton and function disable options. To cancel magnetic pushbuttons
disable, refer to Section 6.2.1. In most instances, it will be possible to set zero and full scale, as described
in the section below.
6.3.1 Set Zero and Full Scale
The differences between set and adjust were discussed in Section 6.2.2.1. The same conditions and
mathematical relationships apply whether operating with or without a display.
Use the following procedure to set the output current for zero to 4 mA and the full scale to 20 mA.
1. Apply a reference pressure corresponding to zero.
2. Press both arrow pushbuttons simultaneously so that the output is set to 4 mA.
3. Press the M pushbutton to save the setting.
4. Apply a reference pressure corresponding to full scale.
5. Press both arrow pushbuttons simultaneously so the output is set to 20 mA.
6. Press the M pushbutton to save the setting.
If the output current is not set but adjusted continuously, the currents will need to be calculated; refer to
Section 6.2.2.1 as needed. It is possible to make an adjustment for zero, full scale, or for both values.
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November 2010
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To set zero and full scale:
1. Clean the enclosure to prevent dirt from entering.
2. Unscrew the end cap covering the electrical terminals.
WARNING
Explosion can cause death or serious injury.
Only a certified ammeter may be used in intrinsically
safe circuits.
In a Division 1 area, where an explosion-proof rating is
required, remove power from the transmitter before
removing either enclosure cap.
3. Connect a DC ammeter to the test terminals in the field terminal assembly.
4. Apply a reference pressure.
5. Set the zero output using the arrow pushbuttons. The set value is saved when the pushbutton is
released.
6. Apply a reference pressure.
7. Press and hold the M pushbutton.
8. Set the output current by pressing either arrow pushbutton. The set value is saved when the
pushbutton is released.
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UMSITRPDS3-1
6.4 REMOTE CONFIGURATION AND OPERATION BY HART
This section describes operation of the transmitter using the Model 275 HART Communicator.
Alternatively, PC software such as SIMATIC PDM can be used. Refer to the operating instructions or online help provided with the software. Refer to Section 2 for details concerning use of the Communicator.
Appendix A has the complete On-Line Configuration Map (an on-line Map for the Model 375 Field
Communicator is at the back of this manual). Refer to the map as necessary to navigate the menus. The
HART command set is constantly being enhanced and the specific commands available with the HART
Communicator at hand may be different from those described here.
Most procedures in this section begin at the Online menu, which is
shown here. The pulsing heart in the upper right corner of the display
indicates that the HART Communicator and transmitter are
communicating with each other.
SITRANS P:
♥
Online
"!
1
Pres
0.004 inH2O
2
Type
Diff PN160
3 # Device setup
In most of the procedures, text will appear above the function
keys. These keys are immediately below the Communicator
display. Refer to the table in Section 2 for function key (softkey)
descriptions.
HELP | SAVE
Write Protect
If an L is present in the lower left quadrant of the transmitter’s
display, write protect is enabled. Operating or configuring the
transmitter from a remote HART device will not be possible.
Note: If using a Model 375 Field
Communicator, see the inside of
the front cover of this manual.
To allow the HART device to operate or configure the transmitter:
1. Open the pushbutton access cover on the transmitter.
2. Press and hold the M pushbutton for at least 5 seconds. The letter L will extinguish and commands
from the HART device will be accepted.
Write protect can be enabled either from the transmitter magnetic pushbuttons or from the HART
Communicator. There are several levels of write protect. Refer to Section 6.2.8 or 6.4.9 for an explanation
of write protect levels and methods of enabling.
6.4.1 Process Data
The Online menu displays pressure and transmitter type information. By pressing 3 on the HART
Communicator keyboard, the Device Setup menu can be displayed and several other screens displaying
process data can be accessed.
For example:
1. In the Online menu, press 3 Device Setup.
2. In the Device Setup menu, press 1 Process Variables.
3. The Process Variables display appears. It shows active data for pressure, % range, analog output, and
sensor temperature.
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November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
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Refer to the Online Configuration Map in Appendix A; the display of active data is indicated by a plus
sign (+) following the menu text.
6.4.2 Setting Zero and Full Scale
Zero and full scale can be set or adjusted from the HART Communicator. Following are the steps to set
zero and full scale. To adjust zero and full scale locally, refer to Section 6.2.2.
Zero and full scale can also be set or adjusted in the Detailed Setup menu. See the Online Configuration
Map in Appendix A for the path.
1. Apply a reference pressure that represents zero.
2. In the Online menu, press 3 Device Setup.
3. In the Device Setup menu, press 3 Basic Setup.
4. Press 4 in the Basic Setup menu and type a value for zero. Press the ENTER softkey to enter the zero
value and return to the Basic Setup menu or press ESC to return to the Basic Setup menu without
changing the zero value.
5. Apply a reference pressure representing full scale.
6. Press 5 in the Basic Setup menu and type a value for full scale. Press the ENTER softkey to enter the
full scale value and return to the Basic Setup menu or press ESC to return to the Basic Setup menu
without changing the zero value.
6.4.3 Blind Setting of Zero and Full Scale
Zero and full scale can be set without applying a reference pressure. Both values are freely selectable,
within sensor limits, as described above. The maximum turn down is 100:1, depending upon the
transmitter series and measuring range. Section 6.2.4 contains a discussion of the theoretical relationships
and an example.
6.4.4 Zero Adjustment for Position Correction
The zero error resulting from a non-vertical installation position (electrical enclosure directly over the
sensor) can be easily corrected. This procedure can be performed locally using the magnetic pushbuttons
or remotely using the HART Communicator. This procedure should be performed after transmitter
installation. If necessary, it can be performed on the test bench if the transmitter is exactly oriented as it
will be when installed.
IMPORTANT
To zero an absolute pressure transmitter, a vacuum must be applied! The zero
adjustment of a ventilated absolute pressure transmitter will cause an erroneous
zero to be set.
Note
The useful measuring range is reduced by the pre-pressure. For example, at a prepressure of 40 inH2O (1.45 psi), the useful measuring range of a 14.5 psi
transmitter is reduced to 0 to 13.05 psi.
November 2010
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UMSITRPDS3-1
1. Install and pipe the transmitter. Ventilate or evacuate the transmitter.
•
Ventilate for pressure, differential pressure, flow, and flanged level transmitters.
•
Evacuate for absolute transmitters to <0.1% of the measuring span.
2. In the Online menu, press 3 Device Setup on the HART Communicator.
3. Press 3 Basic Setup in the Device Setup menu.
4. In the Basic Setup menu, press 3 Position Correction. A warning will appear: “Loop should be
removed from automatic control.” Press the ABORT or OK softkey as appropriate.
5. A second warning will appear: “This will affect sensor calibration.”
6. The message “Apply 0 input [atmospheric pressure] the sensor” will appear. Press ABORT or OK as
appropriate.
7. A “correction successful” message will appear followed by a Loop may be returned to automatic
control message.
6.4.5 Electric Damping
Electric damping can be adjusted within the range of 0 to 100 seconds.
1. Press 3 Device Setup in the Online menu.
2. Press 3 Basic Setup in the Device Setup menu.
3. Press 6 Damping in the Basic Setup menu or cursor down, using the down arrow, to 6 Damp. Type a
new damping value and press ENTER. Press ESC to exit the display without making any changes.
6.4.6 Fast Measured Value Acquisition (fast response mode)
This mode is designed exclusively for special applications such as fast acquisition of pressure spikes, such
as a compressor surge. Here, the internal measured value acquisition is accelerated at the cost of accuracy.
There is an increase in low-frequency noise in the measured value. For best accuracy, configure the
transmitter for use at its maximum measuring span.
1. Press 3 Device Setup in the Online menu.
2. Press 4 Detailed Setup in the Device Setup menu.
3. Press 2 Signal Condition in the Detailed Setup menu.
4. Press 6 Measuring Speed in the Signal Condition menu.
5. Use the arrow pushbuttons to select: Fast, Medium, or Slow.
6. Press the ENTER softkey to save the selection and return to the Signal Condition menu.
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6.4.7 Fixed Current Output
To aid in loop troubleshooting, the transmitter can be placed in a constant current mode.
To enable fixed current operation:
1. Press 3 Device Setup in the Online menu.
2. In the Device Setup menu, press 2 Diagnostics/Service.
3. In the Diagnostics/Service menu, press 2 Simulation.
4. Press 1 Simulation in the Simulation Test menu.
5. Press 1 Loop Test in the Simulation menu. A Warning message will appear: “Loop should be
removed from automatic control.” Press OK or ABORT as appropriate.
6. In the Choose Analog Output Level display, select: 4 mA, 20 mA, other, or End by pressing the
appropriate number key. A message will appear confirming that the output is fixed at the selected
value and a “C” will appear at the lower left of the transmitter display. Press OK or ABORT as
appropriate.
To discontinue fixed current operation:
1. Navigate to the Choose Analog Output Level display as described above
2. Select option 4 End. A message will appear stating that the loop can be returned to control and the
transmitter display will no long contain the “C.”
6.4.8 Fault Current
The lower and upper fault currents can be set in this procedure. Both indicate a hardware or firmware
failure, a sensor break, or reaching an alarm limit (diagnostic alarm). In the case of a diagnostic alarm,
ERROR will appear in the transmitter display, as described in Section 6.1.4. (Refer to the HART
Communicator manual or NE 43, Standardization of the Signal Level for Fault Information from Digital
Transmitters with Analog Output Signals, dated 18.01.94 for a detailed error list.)
1. In the Online menu, press 3 Device Setup.
2. In the Device Setup menu, press 4 Detailed Setup.
3. In the Detailed Setup menu, press 3 Output Condition.
4. In the Output Condition menu, press 1 Analog Output.
5. In the Analog Output menu, press 3 Alarms.
6. In the Alarms menu, select: 1 AO alarm type, 2 Alarm LRV, or 3 Alarm URV.
7. Type the new value and press ENTER or press ESC to return to the previous menu without storing a
changed value.
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UMSITRPDS3-1
6.4.9 Disabling the Transmitter Magnetic Pushbuttons and Write Protection
The table below correlates a symbol that appears in the lower left quadrant of the transmitter display with
the type of pushbutton disabling.
TABLE 6-4 Pushbutton and Function Disable Options
Symbol
no symbol
LA
LO
LS
L
LL
Explanation
No disable.
Transmitter magnetic pushbuttons disabled; operation via HART is enabled. At the
transmitter, press the M pushbutton for 5 or more seconds to release.
Zero can be set; all other functions are disabled. At the transmitter, press the M
pushbutton for 5 or more seconds to release.
Only zero and full scale can be set (see Section 6.3); all other functions are disabled. At
the transmitter, press the M pushbutton for 5 or more seconds to release.
Write protect enabled; operation by HART disabled. At the transmitter, press the M
pushbutton for 5 or more seconds to release.
Input pushbuttons fully disabled. The disable can be released only via HART.
Magnetic pushbuttons operation is as described in Section 6.3 when option LS or LO is active. LL is a
pushbutton disable that is available in HART.
To select a disable option or to disable a previous selection:
1. In the Online menu, press 3 Device Setup.
2. In the Device Setup menu, press 2 Diag/Service.
3. In the Diag/Service menu, press 3 Control Modes.
4. In the Control Modes menu, press 1 Local Keys Control Mode. The following options appear:
•
Enabled (transmitter magnetic pushbuttons is fully enabled)
•
Disabled (local reset) LA
•
Zero only enabled LO
•
Zero and Span enabled LS
•
Disabled (HART) LL
5. Cursor to the desired selection; press ENTER to save the selection and return to the previous menu.
6. Press SEND to immediately send the selection to the transmitter. Confirm the selection by noting the
2-letter display in the lower left of the transmitter’s display.
To select write protection:
1. In the Online menu, press 3 Device Setup.
2. In the Device Setup menu, press 2 Diag/Service.
3. In the Diag/Service menu, press 3 Control Modes.
4. In the Control Modes menu, press 3 Set Write Protect.
5. In the Protection menu, press either 1 No or 2 Yes. Press ENTER to save the selection and return to
the previous menu. Press ABORT to return to the previous menu without saving any changes.
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6.4.10 Measured Value Display
The transmitter display can show the output current in mA, the output current in 0-100%, or the input
pressure in a selected engineering unit. To select the displayed parameter and, if input pressure is desired,
the engineering unit:
1. In the Online menu, press 3 Device Setup.
2. In the Device Setup menu, press 4 Detailed Setup.
3. In the Detailed Setup menu, press 4 Device Information
4. In the Detailed Information menu, press 5 Local Meter.
5. In the Local Meter menu, press 3 Local Display Units.
6. Cursor to the desired display unit. The current selection is shown at the top of the list and slightly
offset to the left.
6.4.11 Select Pressure Engineering Units
This selection is used to choose the engineering unit assigned to the input pressure.
1. In the Online menu, press 3 Device Setup.
2. In the Device Setup menu, press 3 Basic Setup.
3. In the Basic Setup menu, press 2 (Engineering) Unit.
4. The presently selected unit is shown at the top of the list and slightly offset to the left. Cursor to the
desired engineering unit using the Communicator’s Up and Down Arrow keys. Press ENTER to save
the selection and return to the previous menu. Press ESC to return to the previous menu without
saving a new selection.
6.4.12 Display/Bargraph
In the display mode, the selection made in Section 6.4.10 will appear in the lower right quadrant of the
display. The factory setting of the bargraph function is “off.”
1. In the Online menu, press 3 Device Setup.
2. In the Device Setup menu, press 4 Detailed Setup.
3. In the Detailed Setup menu, press 4 Device Information.
4. In the Detailed Information menu, press 5 Local Meter.
5. In the Local Meter menu, press 4 Bargraph.
6. The current status of the bargraph is shown at the top of the list and slightly offset to the left. Cursor
to the desired status: Not Active or Active. Press ENTER to save the selection and return to the
previous display. Press ESC to return to the previous menu without saving a new selection.
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UMSITRPDS3-1
6.4.13 Sensor Trim
Using sensor trim it is possible to set the characteristic of the transmitter at two adjustment points. This
has the effect of improving the measurement accuracy by setting the sensor’s upper and lower values
close to the range of process pressure values. The adjustment points are freely selectable within the
sensor’s nominal range.
Transmitters not turned down at the factory are adjusted at 0 psi and the nominal upper range limit. Those
turned down at the factory are adjusted at the lower and upper limits of the set measuring range.
Application Examples:
•
If the desired span is 725 psi for a transmitter with a maximum pressure of 925 psi, then to achieve
the greatest possible accuracy for this value, make the upper sensor adjustment at 725 psi.
•
A 925 psi transmitter is turned down to 58 to 101.5 psi. To achieve the greatest possible accuracy,
make the lower sensor adjustment point at 58 psi and the upper adjustment point 101.5 psi.
Note
Pressure sources must be sufficiently accurate.
Either of the trimming procedures below can be cancelled without storing a new trim setting by pressing
ABORT. The factory trims can be restored in the Diagnostics/Service menu. Refer to the Online
Configuration Map in Appendix A.
6.4.13.1 Trimming the Lower Sensor Adjustment Point
In this procedure, the reference pressure representing the lower sensor adjustment point is applied and the
transmitter is instructed to accept this pressure. This represents an offset shift of the characteristic, as
shown in Figure 6-4.
1. Apply a reference pressure representing the lower sensor adjustment point.
2. In the Online menu, press 3 Device Setup.
3. In the Device Setup menu, press 2 Diagnostics/Service.
4. In the Diagnostics/Service menu, press 4 Trim.
5. In the Trim menu press, 2 Sensor Trim.
6. In the Sensor Trim menu, press 3 Lower Sensor Trim. A warning message will appear: “Loop should
be removed from automatic control.” Take the appropriate action and press OK to continue. A second
warning will appear: “This will affect sensor calibration.” Again, press OK to continue.
7. The “Apply low pressure” message will appear. Press OK to continue. A “Pressure OK when pressure
is stable” message will appear. Press OK to continue.
8. The applied value is displayed next. The value can be changed from the Communicator’s keyboard.
Press ENTER to store the value or press ABORT to exit the procedure without storing a value.
9. Remove the reference pressure or go to the next section to set the upper sensor adjustment point.
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6.4.13.2 Trimming the Upper Sensor Adjustment Point
A pressure representing the upper sensor pressure is applied and the transmitter is instructed to accept this
press. This corrects the characteristic slope; see Figure 6-4. Adjusting the upper sensor adjusting point
will not affect the lower sensor adjusting point. The upper point must be greater than the lower point.
1. Apply a reference pressure representing the lower sensor adjustment point.
2. In the Online menu, press 3 Device Setup.
3. In the Device Setup menu, press 2 Diagnostics/Service.
4. In the Diagnostics/Service menu, press 4 Trim.
5. In the Trim menu press, 2 Sensor Trim.
6. In the Sensor Trim menu, press 4 Upper Sensor Trim. A warning message will appear: “Loop should
be removed from automatic control.” Take the appropriate action and press OK to continue. A second
warning will appear: “This will affect sensor calibration.” Again, press OK to continue.
7. The “Apply hi pressure” message will appear. Press OK to continue. A “Pressure OK when pressure
is stable” message will appear. Press OK to continue.
8. The applied value is displayed next. The value can be changed from the Communicator’s keyboard.
Press ENTER to store the value or press ABORT to exit the procedure without storing a value.
9. Remove the reference pressure.
A
B
C
Output characteristic
Characteristic after lower sensor adjustment
Characteristic after upper sensor adjustment
FIGURE 6-4 Sensor Trim
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UMSITRPDS3-1
6.4.14 D/A Trim
There are two trim options: D/A trim and Scaled D/A trim. Since they operate similarly, only the D/A
trim is described here.
IMPORTANT
Trimming the D/A converter should not be necessary and should be performed
only after all other options have been exhausted.
1. Remove the end cap from the enclosure terminal compartment. Connect a digital milliammeter to the
provided terminals.
WARNING
Explosion can cause death or serious injury.
Only a certified ammeter may be used in intrinsically
safe circuits.
In a Division 1 area, where an explosion-proof rating is
required, remove power from the transmitter before
removing either enclosure cap.
2. In the Online menu, press 3 Device Setup.
3. In the Device Setup menu, press 2 Diagnostics/Service.
4. In the Diagnostic/Service menu, press 4 Trim.
5. In the Trim menu, press 3 Trim Analog Output.
6. In the Trim Analog Output menu, press 1 D/A trim. A warning message will appear: “Loop should be
removed from automatic control.”
7. The message “Connect reference meter” will appear; see step 1. The message “Setting field device
output to 4 mA” will appear. Press OK to continue. Type a new value and press ENTER. The
message “Field device output 4.000 mA equal to reference meter?” will appear. Press 1 Yes or 2 No.
If Yes is pressed, go to the next step. If No is pressed another opportunity to enter a new setting will
be provided.
8. The message “Setting field device output to 20 mA” appears. Press OK to continue. Type a new value
and press ENTER. Press 1 Yes or 2 No. Press OK to store the value and return to the previous menu.
6.4.15 Transmitter Current Adjustment
The current output by the transmitter can be adjusted independent of the input pressure signal and
measuring circuit. This permits the output current to be adjusted to compensate for external inaccuracies,
for example, the +/-0.5% tolerance of a current-to-voltage conversion resistor where 4 mA must yield
exactly 1V and 20 mA must yield exactly 5V. These trims can be cancelled in the Diagnostics/Service
menu and factory set trims again installed.
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UMSITRPDS3-1
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1. Determine the output currents required to compensate for the external inaccuracy.
2. Connect a reference milliammeter to the current terminals.
WARNING
Explosion can cause death or serious injury.
Only a certified ammeter may be used in intrinsically
safe circuits.
In a Division 1 area, where an explosion-proof rating is
required, remove power from the transmitter before
removing either enclosure cap.
3. In the Online menu, press 3 Device Setup.
4. In the Device Setup menu, press 2 Diagnostics/Service.
5. In the Diagnostics/Service menu, press 4 Trim.
6. In the Trim menu, press 3 Trim Analog Output.
7. In the Trim Analog Output menu, press 1 D/A Trim. A warning will be displayed: Loop should be
removed from automatic control. Press OK to continue.
8. Connect a reference digital milliammeter to the transmitter current terminals and press OK.
9. A “Setting field device output to 4 mA” message will appear. Press OK to continue.
10. Type a new current output value that corrects for the external inaccuracy (e.g. 4.001). Press ENTER
to continue. A query “Field device output 4.001 mA equal to reference device?” Press 1 Yes or 2 No
as appropriate.
11. A “Setting field device output to 20 mA” message is displayed. Press OK to continue.
12. Type a new current output value that corrects for the external inaccuracy. Press ENTER to continue.
13. A query “Field device output 20.000 mA equal to reference meter” appears? Press ENTER to
continue. A confirming message displays followed by a “Loop may be returned to automatic control”
message. Press OK to return to the Trim Analog Output menu.
6.4.16 Factory Calibration (Manufacturer Trims)
The factory calibration can be recalled (restored) in four steps.
•
Restore the field current adjustment.
•
Restore the field sensor zero adjustment (position correction)
•
Restore the field pressure corrections (zero adjustment and sensor adjustment)
•
Restore field selected parameters relevant to measured value processing, such as zero full scale,
electric damping, display unit, current adjustment, zero adjustment (position correction, sensor
adjustment, measuring speed, alarm current limits, alarm setting, and overflow current ranges.
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UMSITRPDS3-1
To restore manufacturer trims:
1. In the Online menu, press 3 Device Setup.
2. In the Device Setup menu, press 2 Diagnostics/Service.
3. In the Diagnostic/Service menu, press 5 Restore Manufacturer Trims.
4. Select from the menu the desired trims to be restored and press ENTER.
6.4.17 Device Information
In the Device Information menu, the transmitter’s physical configuration and materials and its software
and hardware revision numbers can be recorded. Most of this information is included in the factory
configuration; however, it can be edited as needed.
•
Ranges and limits
•
Common device information
•
Sensor information such as flange type, O-ring material, fill fluid, and diaphragm material
•
Remote seal specifics such as type and fill
•
Local meter selections such as type and local display units
•
Hardware and software revision numbers
Refer to the Online Configuration Map in Appendix A for details.
6.4.18 Flow Measurement (Differential Pressure)
The output current characteristic can be set to linear, proportional to differential pressure, or square root,
proportional to flow. There are three square root settings that affect the current output characteristic from
zero to the switch point (i.e. switch point). Figure 6-2 illustrates the three possible settings.
1. In the Online menu, press 3 Device Setup.
2. In the Device Setup menu, press 3 Basic Setup.
3. In the Basic Setup menu, press 7 Transfer Function.
4. In the Pressure Transfer Function menu, use an arrow key to cursor to the needed characteristic and
press ENTER to save the selection and return to the previous menu.
6.4.19 Diagnostic Functions
Communication with the HART Communicator enables activation and evaluation of numerous diagnostic
functions. The simulation of pressure and temperature measured values is possible, in addition to
calibration and service timers, min/max pointers, and limit value monitoring components.
A diagnostic warning or alarm can be configured to monitor limit values (e.g. monitoring of current
saturation).
Diagnostic Warning: The transmitter in which the diagnostic event has occurred notifies the HART
Communicator of the warning. The moving text “Diagnostic Warning” scrolls across the transmitter
display, alternating with the unit/bargraph display.
Diagnostic Alarm: The transmitter goes into a fault state. The message ERROR will appear and either
“Diagnostic Warning” or “Diagnostic Alarm” will scroll across the transmitter display, alternating with
the unit/bargraph display.
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The default setting for all warnings and alarms is OFF. To set and enable:
1. In the Online menu, press 3 Device Setup.
2. In the Device Setup menu, press 2 Diagnostics/Service.
3. In the Diagnostics/Service menu, press 1 Diagnosis
4. In the Diagnosis menu, press 3 Warnings/Alarms. Refer to the Online Configuration Map in
Appendix A and to the HART Communicator’s help screens.
6.4.19.1 Operating Hours Counter
Two operating hours counters with non-volatile memories are provided for the electronics and the sensor.
These counters are not re-settable. If power is removed and later reapplied, the counters begin counting
from the previous time. To read the operating hours counters:
1. In the Online menu, press 3 Device Setup
2. In the Device Setup menu, press 2 Diagnosis/Service
3. In the Diagnosis/Service menu, press1 Diagnosis
4. In the Diagnosis menu, press 2 Operating Hours
5. In the Operating Hours menu, press 1 Operating Hours Electronics or 2 Operating Hours Sensor. The
total operating hours will be displayed.
6.4.19.2 Calibration Timer and Service Timer
A two-stage time can be set to ensure regular calibration of the electronics and servicing of the
transmitter. A calibration or service warning appears after the first time expires. On expiration of a second
time, set as a time difference, a diagnostic alarm is signaled and a fault current is output.
A warning or alarm must be acknowledged before work can be performed on the transmitter. Timers can
then be reset and switched off temporarily.
For operating/acknowledging warnings and alarms in the HART Communicator, the following applies:
As long as the warning/alarm limit has not been reached:
•
“Reset” resets the timer and begins again with the counter at 0. Monitoring is still active.
•
“Acknowledge” has no effect, the timer continues running and the monitoring is still active.
•
“Reset and deactivate” stops the timer, resets it, and deactivates the monitoring.
When the warning/alarm limit has been reached:
•
“Acknowledge” resets the warning/alarm message but the timer continues to run. In this state, no new
alarm or warning is possible since the time limits will still have to be exceeded.
•
“Reset” resets the warning/alarm message the timer. At the same time, the alarm or warning is
acknowledged. The timer runs again immediately from zero and will respond again when the
warning/alarm limit is exceeded. The next calibration interval is therefore immediately activated.
•
“Reset and ActivateW/A” resets the warning/alarm message and resets and deactivated the timer.
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UMSITRPDS3-1
6.4.19.3 Min/Max Pointer
The maximum positive and negative excursions of the input pressure, sensor temperature, and electronics
temperature are stored in non-volatile memory for later recall. Min/Max pointers are updated during
simulation. Stored values can be reset. Refer to the Online Configuration Map in Appendix for the path to
the min/max pointer and to Figure 6-5 for an example.
FIGURE 6-5 Pressure Min/Max Pointer Example
6.4.19.4 Monitoring the Saturation Current
Transmitter current output in the saturation range can be monitored with a simple limit value component.
This component is configured and activated using the HART Communicator.
Two times need to be configured: response time and hold time. The response time represents the length of
time the current output may remain saturated before an alarm is triggered and the transmitter outputs its
set fault current. The hold time is the duration of the alarm.
In example 1 in Figure 6-6, the response time begins at t1 when the output current, due to an increase in
input pressure, reaches the configured saturation limit. At t2, the response time ends, the hold time begins,
and the transmitter outputs the fault current. At t3, the hold time expires and the alarm is cancelled even
though the current has not dropped below the saturation limit. When the input pressure finally drops, the
transmitter output current decreases from the fault current, through the saturation current and then begins
to follow the input pressure.
In the second example, the duration of the input pressure spike that drives the current output to the
saturation limit is shorter than the configured response time. Consequently, the transmitter will output the
saturation current but not output a fault current.
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UMSITRPDS3-1
On-Line Operation
In the third example, the input spikes below minimum pressure. At t2 the response time expires and the
hold time begins. The transmitter outputs the fault current at t2 and holds that output until the hold time
expires at t3.
FIGURE 6-6 Saturation Monitoring Examples
6.4.20 Simulation
In the simulation mode, pressure and temperature values can be simulated within the transmitter without
the need for an external input signal. Transmitter circuitry can be exercised and the resulting values
output to an I/O module, controller, or other device to test the loop.
Simulation values are entered at the HART Communicator keyboard as described below. A pressure
simulation can employ either a “fixed value” or a “fixed ramp,” with the number of steps configurable.
Simulation data is stored in RAM only. Consequently, when a simulation is ended, simulation values are
deleted. Note that changing the temperatures by simulation has no effect on the measured pressure value.
Also, as long as the simulation is active, the transmitter will not react to changes in process pressure.
Figure 6-7 is a block diagram of a transmitter showing the measuring and simulation blocks.
Simulation (Pressure and Temperature)
1. In the Online menu, press 3 Device Setup.
2. In the Device Setup menu, press 2 Diagnostics/Service.
3. In the Diagnostics/Service menu, press 2 Simulation Test.
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UMSITRPDS3-1
4. In the Simulation Test menu, press 1 Simulation to display the Select menu. Choose one of the
following.
1 Loop Test: To test the loop, press 1. A warning message will appear: “Loop should be removed
from automatic control.” Press OK to continue. Then select either 4 ma, 20 mA, or a userentered value and press ENTER. Select End or ABORT to exit and return to the previous
menu. Press OK to return to the previous menu with the selected current sustained. To end
the simulation, press either 4 End or ABORT and return to the previous menu.
2 Inputs: From the menu that appears, select the pressure and/or temperature to be simulated.
Pressure simulation can employ either a fixed value or ramped values (specify starting value,
end value, step duration, and number of steps). Follow the on-screen prompts. End the
simulation and return to the previous menu by pressing ABORT.
FIGURE 6-7 Simulation Circuit Diagram
6.4.21 Self Test and Master Reset
A transmitter self test or master reset can be initiated from the HART Communicator.
1. In the Online menu, press 3 Device Setup. In the Device Setup menu, press 2 Diagnostics/Service.
2. In the Diagnostics/Service menu, press 2 Simulation Test. In the Simulation/Test menu, press 2 Test
3. In the Test menu, press 1 Self Test to direct the transmitter to perform a self test of its internal
circuitry or press 2 Master Reset to direct the transmitter to reset its internal circuitry. Follow the onscreen prompts. “Init” will momentarily flash in the display.
!
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UMSITRPDS3-1
Calibration And Maintenance
7.0 CALIBRATION AND MAINTENANCE
This section discusses calibration, preventive maintenance, troubleshooting, assembly replacement,
software compatibility, and return shipments.
The Calibration section contains a brief discussion of the cause of position induced zero shift and it
provides references to needed calibration procedures. The Preventive Maintenance portion has procedures
that are employed to protect the reliability of the transmitter. Should a malfunction occur, procedures in
the Troubleshooting section can help minimize downtime. The Assembly Removal and Replacement
section provides step-by-step assembly replacement procedures. Later sections discuss recommended
spare and replacement parts, software compatibility, and return shipments.
WARNING
Explosion can cause death or serious injury.
In a Division 1 area, where an explosion-proof rating is
required, remove power from the transmitter before
removing either enclosure cap.
Tools and Equipment Required
The procedures in this section can require the following equipment. See the Note below.
•
Model 275 HART Communicator or Model 375 Field Communicator
Note: If using a Model 375 Field Communicator, see the inside
of the front cover of this manual.
•
Laboratory grade digital multimeter (DMM) for troubleshooting and calibrating the 4 to 20 mA
output signal; a meter certified for use in intrinsically safe circuits must be used in an intrinsically
safe installation
Voltmeter Section
Accuracy ±0.01% of reading
Resolution 1.0 mV
Input impedance 10 MΩ
Ammeter Section
Accuracy ±0.1% of reading
Resolution ±1 μA
Shunt resistance 15Ω or less
•
24 Vdc power supply; for bench setup
•
Resistor 250Ω ±1%, carbon, ¼ watt; for bench setup
•
Set of Phillips and flat-blade screwdrivers
•
Set of open-end or box-end wrenches
•
Larger tweezers, 4" to 6"
November 2010
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Calibration and Maintenance
UMSITRPSD3-1
7.1 CALIBRATION
Calibration can involve adjusting zero to eliminate any position-induced zero shift, setting zero on-line,
and trimming the digital to analog converter. Transmitter calibration should be checked annually and a
calibration performed only if the transmitter is found to be out of tolerance. Trimming the D/A converter
should not be necessary and should be performed only after all other options have been exhausted.
Zero Shift Explanation
Zero shift can be predicted. Transmitters are calibrated at the factory in a vertical position (enclosure
directly over sensor). If a transmitter is installed (or will be installed) in another orientation, it may need
re-zeroing to eliminate position-induced zero shift, depending upon transmitter type and direction of
rotation. Maximum zero shift is 1.2 inches H2O (299 Pa).
•
There is no zero shift with transmitter rotation as long as diaphragm orientation with respect to the
earth does not change.
For example, in the drawings below, rotating the transmitter from the vertical (center drawing) either
90° clockwise (right drawing) or counterclockwise (left drawing) will not cause a zero shift because
diaphragm orientation with respect to earth has not changed.
+
+
+
+
+
+
Diaphragm Plane for
these three orientations
•
MG00362a
Maximum zero shift occurs when rotating the transmitter causes diaphragm orientation with respect
to the earth to be changed 90°.
For example, in the drawings below, rotating the transmitter from the vertical (center drawing) either 90° clockwise
(right drawing) or counterclockwise (left drawing) will cause
maximum zero shift because the diaphragm orientation
changes from vertical to horizontal.
Diaphragm Plane
Diaphragm Plane
Diaphragm Plane
MG00362a
7-2
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Calibration And Maintenance
Calibration Procedure Section References
Calibration Needed
Position-induced zero
On-line zero
Calibrate DAC
Local (Pushbutton)
Section 6.2.5
Section 6.2.2
---
HART Communicator
Section 6.4.4
Section 6.4.2
Section 6.4.14
This completes calibration of the transmitter.
7.2 PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE
Preventive maintenance consists of periodic inspection of the transmitter, cleaning the external surface of
the transmitter enclosure, draining condensate from conduit, and blowing-down or purging impulse
piping to keep them free of sediment. Perform preventive maintenance at regularly scheduled intervals.
7.2.1 Transmitter Exterior Inspection
The frequency of the inspection will depend on the severity of the transmitter’s environment.
1. Inspect the exterior of the transmitter enclosure for accumulated oil, dust, dirt, and especially any
corrosive process over-spray.
2. Check that both enclosure caps are fully threaded onto the enclosure, compressing the O-ring between
the cap and the enclosure. The O-ring must not be cracked, broken, or otherwise damaged.
3. Inspect the display viewing glass for cleanliness and damage. Replace the enclosure cap assembly if
the glass is damaged or missing.
4. Inspect both enclosure electrical conduit entrances for possible moisture leaks. An unused conduit
entrance must be plugged and sealed. Inspect the cable clamps of all watertight cable conduits for
loose clamps and deteriorated sealing material. Tighten clamps and reseal as necessary.
5. Inspect conduit drain seals for obstructions.
6. Inspect transmitter and mounting bracket hardware for tightness. Tighten loose hardware as
necessary. Consider steps to reduce vibration.
7. Inspect process connection blocks for evidence of leakage at the impulse pipe connections and at the
block interface to the transmitter end caps. As necessary, add sealant to pipe threads, tighten block
bolts, and replace block Teflon® seals.
7.2.2 Transmitter Exterior Cleaning
After an exterior inspection of the transmitter, the enclosure can be cleaned with the transmitter operating.
1. Clean the enclosure (except enclosure cap glass) and process manifold with a mild, nonabrasive liquid
detergent, and a soft bristle brush, sponge, or cloth. Rinse the weatherproof enclosure with a gentle
spray of water.
Remove an excessive accumulation of process residue. Hot water or air may be used to flush away process
residue if the temperature of the cleaning medium does not exceed the operating temperatures of the transmitter
as listed in Section 9.3 Specifications.
2. Clean enclosure cap glass with a mild, nonabrasive liquid cleaner and a soft, lint-free cloth.
November 2010
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Calibration and Maintenance
UMSITRPSD3-1
7.2.3 Transmitter Enclosure Interior Inspection
Remove the two enclosure caps periodically to inspect the interior of the transmitter enclosure.
WARNING
Explosion can cause death or serious injury.
In a Division 1 area, where an explosion-proof rating is
required, remove power from the transmitter before
removing either enclosure cap.
IMPORTANT
Do not remove a transmitter enclosure cap in an area where the environmental
substances can contaminate the transmitter interior.
•
No accumulation of dust, dirt, or water (condensate) should be present inside the enclosure. If
condensate is present, either install a conduit drain or repair the installed drain (see Figure 4-16).
•
Check that all wire connections are tight.
7.2.4 Transmitter Calibration
An annual calibration check should be performed to ensure that the transmitter is within specifications.
Refer to Section 7.1 for details.
7.2.5 Impulse Piping
To ensure accuracy and continued satisfactory performance, impulse piping must be kept clean and
inspected for damage.
Sediment or other particles must not clog or collect in piping or the pressure chamber of the process
manifold’s process connection blocks. A build up of residue can cause faulty measurement.
1. Inspect impulse piping for loose, bent, or cracked piping. Replace damaged piping.
2. At regular intervals, blow down the piping without passing line fluids containing suspended solids
through the process manifold’s process connection blocks.
The time interval between blowdowns is determined by the user’s previous experience with such
systems or determined by evaluating system performance only after the transmitter has been in
operation for a period.
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Calibration And Maintenance
7.3 TROUBLESHOOTING
This section provides guidance and procedures to assist in identifying and correcting a malfunctioning
transmitter. Section 7.0 lists needed tools and equipment.
It is recommended that all documentation associated with the transmitter, including piping and loop
wiring diagrams and configuration documentation, be obtained and made available to maintenance
personnel to facilitate troubleshooting.
The most common symptom of a malfunctioning transmitter is incorrect, erratic, or no output. A
malfunction can affect the transmitter’s analog output (4-20 mA) or its digital (HART) output.
Furthermore, a malfunction can be the result of external forces and not a transmitter fault at all. Section
7.3.1 discusses troubleshooting techniques for the analog output. Section 7.3.2 discusses troubleshooting
techniques for the digital output.
General transmitter troubleshooting steps:
•
Record all failure symptoms. Record the values and messages on the transmitter display. The display
is discussed in Section 6 On-Line Calibration and Operation.
•
Confirm the values and messages recorded above by connecting a HART Communicator (or DMM)
and recording the values and messages shown by the Communicator. Navigate to those displays that
show active data. Refer to Appendix A Online Configuration Maps to roam the Communicator’s
menus.
•
Test the suspect unit by performing a transmitter self test or transmitter reset and again note the
values and messages on the transmitter display and on the Communicator.
•
Apply a known pressure (or level) and note all values and readings on the transmitter display and
Communicator. See Section 5 Post Installation Tests for sample procedures.
•
Check impulse piping, loop wiring, power supply, and related connections and equipment.
•
Check the transmitter configuration.
7.3.1 Analog Output
An analog output problem can appear as one of the following:
•
No output or very low output – There is no transmitter output or the output remains low despite
changes in the process.
•
High output – Transmitter output remains high despite changes in the process.
•
Erratic output – Transmitter output varies when process does not.
•
Sluggish response – Transmitter seems to respond to process changes very slowly.
Often an analog output problem is caused by incorrect transmitter configuration or by something external
to the transmitter.
November 2010
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Calibration and Maintenance
UMSITRPSD3-1
Transmitter Troubleshooting Steps
Several troubleshooting avenues are presented below. Select the appropriate path for the encountered
symptoms.
•
•
Record the readings in the numeric display, status arrows, and sign. Note the reading(s) in the
unit/bargraph display, particularly any static or scrolling message. The display is discussed in Section
6 On-Line Calibration and Operation.
•
If the display is blank or partial characters appear, connect the HART Communicator in the loop.
If the Communicator shows correct data, replace the display. If the problem remains, replace the
electronics module. If the Communicator does not show correct data, use a voltmeter to confirm
that power is applied to the transmitter. If power is applied, replace the electronics module.
•
ERROR appears on the display – There is a hardware or software malfunction. Replace the
electronics module. If the problem remains, replace the measuring cell.
•
A static or scrolling message appears in the unit/bargraph display - This is a notice of a
malfunction or a change in a status, warning, or alarm. Read the message and respond
accordingly. Check the transmitter configuration and process conditions.
•
Warning/Alarm indication - Check the configuration of: Calibrate interval, Service interval, and
AO saturation. The warning/alarm may be an indication that a configured time has elapsed or that
the analog output has saturated. Check transmitter configuration and process conditions.
Perform a transmitter self test or reset. Refer to Section 6.4.21 Self Test and Master Reset. Again
check data and messages and repair as indicated.
Initially the numeric display will momentarily show “Init” and then display the current output (unless
the display is set to read another parameter or ERROR appears). The unit/bargraph display will show
the engineering unit (unless a fixed message or scrolling message appears or the unit/bargraph display
is set to the bargraph mode). If a failed test message appears, repair as necessary.
•
Check the pressure to current conversion. Connect a pressure source to the transmitter and connect
the HART Communicator in the loop. Set the pressure source to produce a 4 mA transmitter output
current. In the Online menu, press 3 Device Setup and then press 1 Process Variables to observe the
active data. Refer to Appendix A Online Configuration Map as needed. Change the pressure to
produce a 20 mA output current.
If a display is not installed, a milliammeter can be connected after removing the enclosure cap for
access to the 4-20 mA test terminals.
•
Place the transmitter in the simulation mode to apply a fixed or ramping current to the loop. Refer to
Section 6.4.20 Simulation. Troubleshoot the controller or device receiving the transmitter output
signal. Check the loop wiring at all loop-connected devices.
If selected loop currents are significantly out of tolerance, or loop current cannot be set, replace the
electronics module (see Section 7.4). If the transmitter passes the fixed current (loop override) test,
continue troubleshooting.
DSIII electronic modules are interchangeable. If troubleshooting points to a failed display or electronics
module, substitute a known good assembly for another transmitter or from spare parts stock. See Section
7.4 for assembly replacement steps. Replacing the electronics module will necessitate reconfiguration of
the transmitter since configuration data are stored in the module.
7-6
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Calibration And Maintenance
Check Impulse Piping
•
Check that high and low pressure pipe connections are not reversed.
•
Check for leaks or blockage.
•
Check for entrapped gas in liquid lines or for liquid in dry lines.
•
Check for sediment in transmitter’s process connection blocks.
•
Check that blocking valves are fully open and that bypass valves are tightly closed.
•
Check that the density of the fluid in piping is unchanged.
Check Loop Power Supply/Wiring
•
Check loop power supply for blown fuse or tripped circuit breaker.
•
Check for 10.5 Vdc minimum across loop +/- terminals in transmitter terminal compartment.
•
Check power supply output voltage: 15 Vdc minimum; 45 Vdc maximum (30 Vdc in an intrinsically
safe circuit).
•
Check polarity of loop wiring at both power supply and transmitter.
•
Check for loose or broken loop wiring at power supply terminals, supply barriers (if used), junction
boxes, and transmitter terminal compartment.
•
Check for disconnected or broken current sense resistor and for short between shield and loop + wire.
•
Check for accumulation of moisture in transmitter terminal compartment.
•
Check loop cable for proper type and length.
•
Check for electrical interference between the loop cable and any adjacent cables in a cable tray or
conduit.
Check Transmitter Configuration
•
Check for proper operating mode: analog, address 0; digital, address 1-15.
•
Check for appropriate transfer function (linear or square root).
•
Check the switch point if the square root output current characteristic (i.e. transfer function) is
configured.
Check for a Transmitter Stuck in Fixed Current (Loop Override) Mode
•
Re-enter Fixed Current mode from HART Communicator Online menu and properly exit the mode.
Check for Variable Process Fluid Flow
•
Install mechanical dampers in process pressure piping.
•
Select a higher damping value (software filter time constant).
Check Primary Element
•
Check that primary element is correctly installed.
•
Check element for damage and leaks.
•
Note any changes in process fluid properties that can affect output.
November 2010
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UMSITRPSD3-1
7.3.2 Digital Output (Communication)
A malfunctioning digital output can indicate a defective communication circuit. More commonly,
however, these problems are caused by an incorrect or poor installation. It is possible to install a
transmitter such that the 4-20 mA signal is correct, yet the digital HART signal is not.
The most common symptom of a communication problem is the inability to locate a transmitter on the
loop using a HART Master Device, such as the HART Communicator. Typical messages from the HART
Communicator include: device disconnected, no device found, or communication error.
If communication problems occur, check the following. Refer to the specifications in Section 9 and to
Section 4 Installation as necessary.
•
Check that loop resistance is between 250Ω and 1100Ω.
•
Check that electrical noise on the loop is not excessive: power supply ripple should not exceed 12
mVp-p.
•
Check that there are no high inductance devices in the loop (I/P for example). Install a HART
communication filter across such a device.
•
Check that the power supply voltage is high enough for the installed total loop resistance. Refer to
Section 4 Installation.
•
Refer to Section 4 Installation and confirm that loop cable length is not excessive.
•
Check that the HART Master is connected across a load.
7-8
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Calibration And Maintenance
7.4 ASSEMBLY REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT
The display, electronics module, measuring cell, and terminal board assemblies are not user-serviceable;
however, they may be replaced. This section describes removal and replacement of these assemblies.
Refer to Section 7.0 for a list of tools. Figure 7-1 shows transmitter major assemblies.
WARNING
Explosion can cause death or serious injury.
In a Division 1 area, where an explosion-proof rating is
required, remove power from the transmitter before
removing either enclosure cap.
This device has a modular structure. Use only Siemens
authorized assemblies. When servicing, refer to the
instructions enclosed with replacement parts.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Enclosure cap with/without viewing glass
Digital Display
Threaded hex standoff
Electronics Module and display cable
Measuring Cell board
Enclosure
7
--
Measuring Cell (gauge construction shown;
includes measuring cell cable and measuring
cell board)
Terminal Board assembly (inside enclosure
cap adjacent to Field Terminals)
FIGURE 7-1 Transmitter Exploded View
The transmitter configuration must be reviewed after replacing either the electronics module (4) or the
measuring cell (7). The following table identifies the parameters that are stored and those that will need to
be entered.
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UMSITRPSD3-1
Device Parameters After Replacing Electronics Module or Measuring Cell
Parameter Description
Stored
Not Stored
(2)
Configuration
Dependent (1)
Damping
x
AO alarm type
x
Alarm LRV/URV
x
Saturation alarm activation
x
Transmission functions
x
Square root switch point
x
Pressure units
x
Polling address
x
Tag
x
Mechanical construction:
x
electronics/sensor
Min/max pointer
x
Zero calibration
x
Upper/lower sensor calibration points
x
Service interval
x
Minimum span
x
Measurement limits
Sensor limits
Explosion protection
x
Sensor serial number
x
Working hour meter, sensor
x
Working hour meter, electronics
x
Firmware/Software revision
x
Min/max pointer, electronics
x
Calibration interval, electronics
x
Saturation alarm duration
x
Local display unit
x
Current calibration
Message
x
Descriptor
x
Date
x
Final assembly number
x
Bargraph activation
x
Write protection mode
x
Hardware revision
x
Device revision
x
Unit tracking
x
Notes:
(1) Column specifies sensor data that remains after changing electronics or sensor.
(2) Dependent on electronics module version. Check the parameters and configure as needed.
7-10
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Calibration And Maintenance
7.4.1 Display Assembly
Removal
1. Remove power from the transmitter.
2. Place an anti-static wrist strap on your wrist and connect its ground lead to the transmitter
enclosure ground screw.
3. Unscrew the enclosure cap nearest the tag plate.
4. While holding the display assembly, loosen and remove the two Phillips-head screws securing the
display circuit board to two hex stand-offs. See Figure 7.2.
5. Grasp the keyed display cable connector at the electronics module and disconnect it. Do not pull on
the display cable. See the figure below.
Installation
1. Plug the keyed display cable into the connector in the electronics module.
2. Orient the display for best viewing (see Section 4.5 Installation as needed) and install the two
Phillips-head screws. Tighten the screws to 5 in lbs (0.55 N-m).
3. Install the enclosure cap by turning it clockwise until the O-ring contacts the enclosure. Turn the cap
one additional turn to compress the O-ring.
4. Remove the wrist strap.
1
8
7
C73451-A407-B300
ES: 008
FW: 11.02.03
6
5
2
MG00353a
MG00353a
3
4
1 Display mounting screws, qty 2
2 Display assembly
Note: Enclosure cap removed.
3 Electronics Module
4 Display assembly, circuit board side
5 Display cable connector and ribbon cable
6 Pull tab to remove Electronics Module
7 Hex stand-offs securing Module, qty 2
8 Label with firmware (FW) level
FIGURE 7-2 Display Assembly Installed and Partially Removed
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Calibration and Maintenance
UMSITRPSD3-1
7.4.2 Replacing the Electronics Module
A larger tweezers (4"-6") is very useful in the procedure below.
Removal
1. Fasten an anti-static wrist strap on your wrist and connect its ground lead to the transmitter
enclosure ground screw.
2. If present, remove the display as described in the previous section.
3. Refer to Figure 7-2 and remove the two hex standoffs (7) using a 3/32" (2.5 mm) hex wrench. Grasp
the pull tab (6) and withdraw the electronics module (3) from the enclosure. As shown in Figure 7-3,
the measuring cell cable (4) is several inches long. Fold the module down so the back of the assembly
is visible, as shown.
IMPORTANT
Do not allow the electronics module to hang on the measuring cell cable. The
measuring cell board and the cable are part of the measuring cell assembly.
Damaging the board or cable will require replacement of the entire measuring
cell.
4. On the back of the electronics module, locate the measuring cell board (2) and the measuring cell
cable (4). The measuring cell board plugs into the electronics module and two flexible clips (3) secure
the board. Grasp the board by inserting tweezers between the clips and the board. Slightly rock the
board while applying outward pressure to ease the connectors apart.
5. Set the electronics module aside in an anti-static bag.
4
1
2
2
3
4
5
6
5
MG00353a
6
Electronics Module, rear view; module shown pulled
out of transmitter enclosure and folded down
Measuring cell board
Flexible clips securing measuring cell board, qty 2
Measuring cell cable, loop between feed-thru pins
Feed-thru pins, qty 2, in transmitter enclosure
Feed-thru pin receptacles, qty 2
3
1
FIGURE 7-3 Electronics Module Removal and Installation
7-12
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Calibration And Maintenance
Installation
1. Remove the new electronics module from its anti-static bag.
2. Carefully align the connector on the measuring cell board with the connector on the back of the new
electronics module. Press the board onto the electronics module until the board is seated fully and the
flexible clips grip the board.
3. Move the electronics assembly close to the housing. Guide the measuring cell cable so that it folds
between the two long feed-thru pins (5). Align the mounting holes in the electronics module with the
holes in the casting. Press the electronics module into the enclosure. The two long pins must enter the
two single pin receptacles (6) on the back of the module. Press the module in while gently rocking the
module until it can be pressed in no farther.
4. Install the two hex standoffs. Tighten the standoffs securely but do not over tighten and damage the
electronics module.
5. Install the display as described in the previous section.
6. Install the enclosure cap by turning it clockwise until the O-ring contacts the enclosure. Turn the cap
one additional turn to compress the O-ring.
7. Apply power to the transmitter. Refer to the table in Section 7.4 and to Section 6 On-Line
Configuration and Operation and configure the transmitter.
7.4.3 Measuring Cell Assembly Removal and Replacement
The measuring cell assembly is not field repairable. It must be replaced if defective. The transmitter must
be removed to a workbench to accomplish removal and replacement.
A measuring cell assembly consists of the cell, process flanges (differential construction, as specified),
measuring cell cable, measuring cell board and an O-ring.
Removal
1. Refer to Section 7.6 Transmitter Replacement and disconnect and remove the transmitter from
service. Move transmitter to service shop.
2. Remove the enclosure cap for access to the display and electronics module.
3. If an optional display is installed, remove it as described in Section 7.4.1. Store the display in a static
protective bag.
4. Remove the electronics module as described in Section 7.4.2.
5. Use a 3/32" (2.5mm) Allen wrench to loosen the enclosure rotation screw, located below the tag
plate.
November 2010
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Calibration and Maintenance
UMSITRPSD3-1
6. Separate the measuring cell from the enclosure.
•
Differential construction - Clamp the end cap portion of the measuring cell in a bench vise with
the transmitter in an upright position. Use wood blocks to protect the end caps from damage by
the vise. Rotate the enclosure clockwise while watching the measuring board and cable to be sure
that they rotate freely.
•
Gauge construction - Use an open-end wrench to rotate the cell counterclockwise while watching
the measuring board and cable to be sure that they rotate freely. Wrench size will depend upon
the type of process connection.
7. As the measuring cell and enclosure separate, guide the measuring cell board through the neck of the
enclosure and set the enclosure aside.
8. Clean all process material and other contamination from the entire assembly and pack the assembly
for return or disposal. Include applicable MSDSs (Material Safety Data Sheets).
Installation
1. Unpack the replacement measuring cell.
If a greased O-ring is packed separately, go to step 2. If the O-ring is installed on the measuring cell
tube, in a groove next to the threaded portion of the tube, go to step 3. Keep the greased O-ring clean
and be careful not to wipe away the grease.
2. Pass the measuring cell board and measuring cell cable through the O-ring. Seat the O-ring in the
groove in the measuring cell neck adjacent to the threaded portion of the neck. Keep the greased Oring clean and be careful not to wipe away the grease.
3. Differential Construction only - Position the measuring cell in a bench vise with the measuring cell’s
tube pointing up. Use wood blocks to protect the end caps from damage.
4. Carefully pass the measuring cell board and cable through the enclosure neck and into the enclosure.
5. Screw the measuring cell into the enclosure. As the assembly is rotated, be certain that the measuring
cell cable and board rotate freely.
•
•
7-14
Differential construction - Rotate the enclosure clockwise until the following conditions are met.
•
the enclosure setscrew should be in-line with the raised area in the center of the process
flange; see Figure 7-4
•
the enclosure rotation arrow should be to the left of the enclosure setscrew
•
the neck dimension shown in Figure 7-4 is correct
Gauge construction - Using an open-end wrench, rotate the measuring cell until the following
conditions are met.
•
the enclosure setscrew should be in-line with the enclosure rotation arrow
•
the neck dimension shown in Figure 7-4 is correct
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Calibration And Maintenance
4
3
A
2
MG00353a
A
1
Differential Construction
Gauge Construction
Dimension A = 0.1" +/- 0.03 (2.6 mm +/- 0.75)
1
2
3
4
Enclosure rotation arrow (enclosure rotation reference point)
Ramp-shaped recessed area indicating enclosure rotation range
Enclosure setscrew, use 3/32 (2.5 mm) Allen screw
Tag plate
FIGURE 7-4 Measuring Cell Alignment and Insertion Depth
6. Tighten the enclosure setscrew to 30.1 to 30.9 in lbs (3.4 to 3.6 Nm).
7. Get the electronics module and connect the measuring cell board as described in Section 7.4.2.
8. Install the electronics module as described in Section 7.4.2.
9. Install the display as described in Section 7.4.1.
10. Install the end cap by turning it clockwise until the O-ring contacts the enclosure. Turn the cap one
additional turn to compress the O-ring.
11. Apply power to the transmitter; see Section 3 for wiring diagrams. Refer to the table in Section 7.4
and to Section 6 On-Line Configuration and Operation and configure the transmitter.
12. Reinstall transmitter as described in Section 7.6 Transmitter Replacement.
November 2010
7-15
Calibration and Maintenance
UMSITRPSD3-1
7.4.4 Terminal Board Assembly Removal and Replacement
Perform this procedure to replace the terminal board assembly. The terminal board assembly usually can
be replaced at the installation site; if not, remove the transmitter for bench servicing.
Removal
1. Use the proper procedures to shut down the process.
2. Remove power from the transmitter and remove the enclosure cap at the “Field Terminals” end of the
enclosure to access the terminal board.
3. Retrieve the wrist strap from the maintenance kit and snap it on your wrist. Connect the ground clip
to the transmitter ground screw.
4. Mark and then disconnect the loop wiring using a medium-size Phillips blade screwdriver, disconnect
the wiring.
5. Remove two terminal board mounting screws and external tooth lockwashers.
6. Pull the terminal board straight out of the compartment.
7. Discard the defective board.
Installation
1. Retrieve the wrist strap from the maintenance kit and snap it on your wrist. Connect the ground clip
to the transmitter ground screw.
2. Remove the replacement terminal board assembly from its packaging.
3. Note the two long feed-thru pins in the transmitter enclosure. These two pins must enter two
receptacles on the circuit board side of the terminal board assembly. Carefully align the two mounting
holes in the terminal board with the threaded holes in the enclosure casting and gently press the
terminal board into place until it seats inside the enclosure. Do not use excessive force; do not bend
the two long feed-thru pins!
4. Insert two terminal board mounting screws and lockwashers and tighten to 12 in-lbs (1.4 Nm).
5. Connect loop wiring.
6. Install the enclosure cap by turning it clockwise until the O-ring contacts the enclosure. Turn the cap
one additional turn to compress the O-ring.
7. As necessary, reinstall the transmitter in the field.
8. Restore power to the transmitter. Calibration is not required.
7.5 NON-FIELD-REPLACEABLE ITEMS
Certain components are not replaceable except at the factory. These are:
•
Enclosure cap display
viewing glass:
Agency regulations do not permit field replacement of a broken or
damaged glass as this would invalidate the enclosure’s explosion proof
rating. Replace the entire damaged enclosure cap assembly.
•
RFI feed-thrus
Potted
7-16
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Calibration And Maintenance
7.6 TRANSMITTER REPLACEMENT
To replace a transmitter, refer to the procedure below and one or more of the following Sections in the
Installation section of this Manual:
•
4.4 Mechanical Installation
•
4.5 Mechanical Installation, All Models
•
4.6 Electrical Installation
•
4.7 Hazardous Area Installation
WARNING
Disconnecting the transmitter from the loop must not release process material
that is hazardous to people or can damage equipment. Depressurize the
transmitter and drain process material as necessary.
Removal
1. Perform proper plant shut down procedures.
2. Remove power from transmitter. Open by-pass valves and close shut-off valves.
3. Remove the enclosure cap for access to the terminal board. Tag and disconnect loop wiring.
4. Disconnect the electrical conduit. Refer to Section 4.6 Electrical Installation. Replace the enclosure
cap.
5. Disconnect the transmitter from the process. Depressurize and drain impulse piping. Refer to the
Mechanical Installation section for the transmitter at hand; see above list.
•
Pressure or Flow Transmitter – Disconnect all process piping (e.g., impulse piping or 3-valve
manifold). Then remove the transmitter from its mounting bracket.
•
Level Transmitter – Remove the transmitter from the mating flange.
IMPORTANT
Before returning a transmitter, remove all process material. Material Safety Data
Sheets for all hazardous process materials in contact with the transmitter and the
potential consequences of exposure must be enclosed with the transmitter.
Installation
1. Fasten transmitter to mounting bracket. Refer to Mechanical Installation section for transmitter at
hand.
2. Connect transmitter to process.
3. Connect conduit and loop wiring. Refer to Sections 4.5 Mechanical Installation, All Models and 4.6
Electrical Installation.
4. Orient display and enclosure for best viewing of the display. Refer to Section 4.5 Mechanical
Installation, All Models.
5. Apply power to transmitter and configure. Refer to Section 6 Online Configuration and Operation.
November 2010
7-17
Calibration and Maintenance
UMSITRPSD3-1
6. Check all connections, then open shut-off valves and close by-pass valves. As needed, refer to
Section 5 Post Installation Test.
Caution
Do not exceed the Maximum Overrange ratings when placing the transmitter into
service. Properly operate all shut-off and equalizing valves. Ratings are listed on
the rating plate and in Section 9 Model Designation and Specifications.
7. Check transmitter configuration as described in Section 3.4 Reviewing Configuration Data and
Section 6 Online Configuration and Operation.
8. If needed, perform mounting induced zero shift calibration (see Section 7.1).
7.7 MAINTENANCE RECORDS
An accurate record keeping system for tracking maintenance operations should be established and kept up
to date. Data extracted from the record may serve as a base for ordering maintenance supplies, including
spare parts. The record may also be useful as a troubleshooting tool. In addition, maintenance records
may be required to provide documentary information in association with a service contract. It is suggested
that, as appropriate, the following information be recorded:
1. Date of service incident
2. Name or initials of service person
3. Brief description of incident symptoms and repairs performed
4. Replacement part or assembly number
5. Software compatibility code of original part
6. Software code of replacement part
7. Serial number of original part
8. Serial number of replacement part
9. Issue number of original circuit module
10. Issue number of replacement circuit module
11. Date of completion
7.8 RECOMMENDED SPARE AND REPLACEMENT PARTS
The quantity and variety of spare parts is determined by how much time a transmitter can be permitted to
remain out of service or off line.
Replaceable parts are listed in Section 9 Model Designations and Specifications (Tables 9-7 to 9-13).
Contact the factory if assistance is needed in determining quantity and selection of spare parts.
When ordering a part, provide the following information for the item, module or assembly to be replaced
or spared. This information will help ensure that a repair addresses the observed problem, and that a
compatible part is supplied.
1. Complete part number from Section 9 or from a label on the assembly
2. The single-digit software revision level
3. Model and serial number from the transmitter’s nameplate
4. User purchase order number of original order, available from user records
5. New user purchase order number for the assembly to be replaced or spared
7-18
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Calibration And Maintenance
6. Reason for return for repair; include system failure symptoms, station failure symptoms, and error
codes displayed.
Returns should be packaged in original shipping materials if possible. Otherwise, package item for safe
shipment or contact factory for shipping recommendations. Refer to Section 1.4 Customer/Product
Support to obtain a Return Material Authorization (RMA) number.
IMPORTANT
The electronics module and display must be placed in static shielding bags to
protect them from electrostatic discharge.
7.9 COMPATIBILITY, Revision Numbers
From the HART Communicator, the transmitter can be asked to display four revision numbers.
•
Universal Revision - This revision of the universal device description software enables
communication between the transmitter and an external device, such as a HART Communicator.
•
Field Device Revision - This Device Description is needed for detailed communication between the
transmitter and other HART devices.
•
Software (i.e. firmware) Revision - Since software controls the transmitter’s operating routines and its
HART communications with loop-connected stations and gateways. When requesting technical
information or during troubleshooting, it often is necessary to know the transmitter’s software
revision level. A single digit identifies the transmitter software revision level.
•
Hardware Revision - This is the revision number of the transmitter’s hardware.
To view the revision numbers:
1. Establish communication with the transmitter (see Section 3.2).
2. In the Online menu, press 3 Device Setup.
3. In the Device Setup menu, press 4 Detailed Setup.
4. In the Detailed Setup menu, press 4 Device Information.
5. In the Device Information menu, press 6 Revision Numbers.
6. Read and note the revision number of interest.
!
November 2010
7-19
Calibration and Maintenance
7-20
UMSITRPSD3-1
November 2010
UMSITRAPDS3-1
Circuit Description
8.0 CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION
This section provides a basic circuit description of the SITRANS P DSIII Pressure Transmitter. Figure 81 shows the functional block diagram. Basically the transmitter consists of two active components: a
measuring cell and an electronics module. Input pressure is piped to the measuring cell (1) that includes
diaphragms, fill fluid, and related components. The output signal from the measuring cell goes to the
electronics module that consists of the microcontroller (4), A/D (3) and D/A (5) converters, HART
modem (7), and related components. The magnetic pushbuttons (8) and display (9) connect to the
electronics module.
The transmitter family consists of four model types: flow, differential pressure, absolute pressure, and
flange-mounted liquid level. All models use the same interchangeable electronics module, display,
enclosure, and magnetic pushbuttons. The major difference between models is the measuring cell.
The transmitters can communicate with a Model 275 HART Communicator, Model 375 Field
Communicator, or a Primary Master controller using the HART protocol.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Measuring cell sensor
Instrument amplifier
Analog-digital converter
Microcontroller
Digital-analog converter
Two non-volatile memories in the measuring
cell and electronics
7
8
9
10
IA
UH
HART modem
Magnetic pushbuttons for local operation
Digital display
Analog output test terminals
Output current
Power supply
FIGURE 8-1 Transmitter Block Diagram
November 2010
8-1
Circuit Description
UMSITRPDS3-1
8.1 OVERALL OPERATION
The measuring cell sensor (1) detects the applied process pressure. The sensor’s analog output signal is
amplified by an instrument amplifier (2) and converted into a digital signal in an analog-digital converter
(3). This data is evaluated by a microcontroller (4) that corrects the signal and temperature characteristics.
Microcontroller output is converted to a 4-20 mA output current by the digital-analog converter (5).
A diode circuit (10) provides reverse polarity protection in the event of reversed loop connections. An
external digital milliammeter can be connected across the diode. The diode and the electronics discussed
in the previous paragraph are housed in an assembly named the electronics module.
Measuring cell-specific data (e.g. measuring range, measuring cell material, oil fill) are stored in a nonvolatile memory (6) located in the measuring cell assembly. Transmitter configuration data (e.g. turndown, electric damping) are stored in a second non-volatile memory (6) in the electronics module.
The transmitter can be configured locally using three built-in magnetic pushbuttons (8) or remotely, via
the HART modem (7), using the HART Communicator. The digital display (9) shows input pressure,
output current, error messages, modes of operation, or other data as determined by the configuration and
by user commands via the magnetic pushbuttons or HART Communicator.
In the following sections, individual measuring cell types will be explained.
8.2 PRESSURE
As shown in Figure 8-2, process pressure pe is applied to the measuring cell (2) through the process
connection (3). This pressure is applied to the seal diaphragm which flexes to transfer the pressure to the
fill fluid (5) which in turn transfers the pressure to the silicon pressure sensor (6).
1
2
3
4
5
6
pe
Reference pressure
Measuring cell
Process connection
Seal diaphragm
Filling fluid
Silicon pressure sensor
Input variable pressure
FIGURE 8-2 Pressure Measuring Cell
The silicon pressure sensor consists of four piezo-resistors in a bridge circuit. The bridge is located on the
measuring diaphragm. Applied pressure causes a change in bridge resistance that is proportion to the
input pressure.
A transmitter with a measuring span of up to 925 psi will measure the input pressure compared to
atmospheric pressure. A transmitter with a measuring span of 2320 psi (or greater) compares input
pressure to a vacuum.
8-2
November 2010
UMSITRAPDS3-1
Circuit Description
8.3 DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE AND FLOW
Differential pressure is applied to the silicon pressure sensor (4), a seal diaphragm (7) on either side of the
measuring cell body, and the fill fluid (8). See Figure 8-3. When measuring limits are exceeded, the
overload diaphragm (5) deflects until one of the seal diaphragms (7) comes into contact with the
measuring cell body (4) to protect the silicon pressure sensor (3).
The silicon pressure sensor consists of four piezo-resistors in a bridge circuit. The bridge is located on the
measuring diaphragm. Bridge resistance changes in response to a change in input pressure. The change in
resistance causes a bridge output voltage that is proportional to differential pressure.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Input pressure P+
Process Flange (qty. 2)
O-ring (qty. 2)
Measuring cell body
Silicon pressure sensor
Overload diaphragm
Seal diaphragm (qty. 2)
Fill fluid
Input pressure P-
FIGURE 8-3 Differential Pressure and Flow Measuring Cell
8.4 FLANGED LEVEL
Input pressure (hydrostatic pressure) acts on the high pressure (+) side of the measuring cell through the
seal diaphragm (10) at the mounting flange, the fluid filled capillary tube (8), the fluid filled cavity in the
process flange, a seal diaphragm, and the fill fluid in the measuring cell body (4). See Figure 8-4. A
differential pressure is applied to the low pressure (-) side of the measuring cell via the seal diaphragm (6)
and fill fluid (7) to the silicon pressure sensor (3).
When measuring limits are exceeded, the overload diaphragm (5) deflects until one of the seal
diaphragms (6) comes into contact with the body of the measuring cell (4) to protect the silicon pressure
sensor (3).
The measuring diaphragm is flexed by the differential pressure. The silicon pressure sensor consists of
four piezo-resistors in a bridge circuit that is located on the measuring diaphragm. Bridge resistance
varies with pressure changes causing the bridge output voltage to vary in proportion to the change in
applied differential pressure.
November 2010
8-3
Circuit Description
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
UMSITRPDS3-1
Process flange (qty. 2)
O-ring (qty. 2)
Silicon pressure sensor
Measuring cell body
Overload diaphragm
Seal diaphragm at the
measuring cell (qty. 2)
Fill fluid
Capillary tube with fill
fluid
Mounting flange with
capillary tube
Seal diaphragm at the
mounting flange
FIGURE 8-4 Flanged Level Measuring Cell
8.5 ABSOLUTE PRESSURE (DIFFERENTIAL CONSTRUCTION)
Absolute pressure pe is transferred via the seal diaphragm (2) and the fill fluid (7) to the silicon pressure
sensor (5). The pressure difference between the input pressure (pe) and the reference pressure (8) on the
low pressure side of the measuring cell flexes the measuring diaphragm. Four piezo-resistors in a bridge
circuit are located on the measuring diaphragm. The bridge changes resistance in response to the change
in applied pressure. The change in resistance causes a bridge output voltage change that is proportional to
the absolute pressure.
If measuring limits are exceeded, the overload diaphragm (5) will deflect until the seal diaphragm comes
into contact with the body of the measuring cell (4) protecting the silicon pressure sensor (5) against the
overload.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
pe
Process flange (qty. 2)
Seal diaphragm at the
measuring cell (qty. 2)
O-ring (qty. 2)
Measuring cell body
Silicon pressure sensor
Overload diaphragm
Fill fluid
Reference pressure
Input variable pressure
FIGURE 8-5 Absolute Pressure Measuring Cell, Differential Construction
8.6 ABSOLUTE PRESSURE (GAUGE CONSTRUCTION)
Pressure pe is applied via the seal diaphragm (3) and full fluid (4) to the absolute pressure sensor (5). See
Figure 8-6. This flexes the measuring diaphragm which has four piezo-resistors in a bridge circuit. Bridge
resistance will vary with the applied pressure to generate a bridge output voltage that is proportional to
the input pressure.
8-4
November 2010
UMSITRAPDS3-1
1
2
3
4
5
pe
Circuit Description
Measuring cell
Pressure connection
Seal diaphragm
Oil fill
Absolute pressure
sensor
Input variable pressure
FIGURE 8-6 Absolute Pressure Measuring Cell, Gauge Construction
8.7 COMMUNICATION FORMAT
The transmitter communicates, via the HART protocol, with a HART Communicator and any HART
capable Primary Master controller connected to the network.
HART communication uses phase-continuous frequency-shift-keying (FSK) at 1200 bits/sec and
frequencies of 1200 Hz (logic 1) and 2200 Hz (logic 0). HART communication is superimposed (AC
coupled) on the analog 4-20 mA signal. Because the digital signaling is high frequency AC, its DC
average is zero and does not interfere with analog signaling.
An active filter connected to the loop input receives HART transmissions. The filter effectively rejects
low frequency analog signaling and other out-of-band interference, preventing a compromise of the
digital reception. The filtered signal is applied to a zero crossing detector, which converts the filtered
information into clean pulses of uniform amplitude before introduction to the Bell 202 modem.
The modem receives and processes (e.g., demodulates) the serial FSK signal and outputs a signal to the
microcontroller where serial to parallel conversion is performed.
In response to the received signal, the microcontroller outputs a signal to the modem where it is
modulated and fed into the feedback circuit of a voltage-to-current converter for transmission over the
loop.
!
November 2010
8-5
Circuit Description
8-6
UMSITRPDS3-1
November 2010
UMSITRAPDS3-1
Model Designations and Specifications
9.0 MODEL DESIGNATIONS AND SPECIFICATIONS
This section contains the model designation tables, a comprehensive accessory list, functional and
performance specifications, and hazardous area classifications for SITRANS P Series DSIII Pressure
Transmitters with HART communication capability. A CE Declaration of Conformity and a NACE
certificate are at the end of this section.
IMPORTANT
Before installing, calibrating, troubleshooting or servicing a transmitter, review
this section carefully for applicable specifications and hazardous area
classifications.
Sections 9.1 through 9.5 and Table 9-20 identify each
entry on a transmitter’s rating and approval plates. These
plates carry important transmitter information: 3
•
Model number and serial number (Rating Plate)
•
Materials of construction (Rating Plate)
•
Span and rated pressure (Rating Plate)
•
•
Certifications (Approval Plate)
User-supplied Tag (Tag Plate)
+
+
1
2
MG00353a
3
Service Parts
1. Rating Plate
2. Approval Plate
3. Tag Plate
Section 9.7 lists service parts.
IMPORTANT
Before installing, applying or removing power, configuring, or servicing, confirm
transmitter model by referring to the transmitter’s model designation on its rating
plate and in Sections 9.1 through 9.5.
The table below is an overview of measurement categories and available models. For details pertaining to
a model, see the appropriate section for a dimension drawing, the model designations and specifications.
Measurement
Absolute or Gauge
Pressure
Differential
Pressure
Level (Flange)
3
Models
7MF4033
7MF4233
7MF4333
7MF4433
7MF4533
7MF4633
7MF4812
See
Section
Dimensions
9.1
9.2
9.3
Figure 9-1
Figure 9-2
Figure 9-3
9.4
Figure 9-3 or 9-4
9.5
Figure 9-5
Model
Designation
Specifications
Table 9-1
Table 9-3
Table 9-5
Table 9-7
Table 9-8
Table 9-2
Table 9-4
Table 9-6
Table 9-10
Table 9-11
Table 9-9
For complete model information, refer to the current edition of Siemens Catalog FI 01 (year) US Edition
November 2010
9-1
Model Designations and Specifications
UMSITRPDS3-1
9.1 MODEL 7MF4033, GAGE PRESSURE
This section contains a dimension drawing of the transmitter, a model designation table and performance
specifications.
1
2
3
Process connection, ½ -14NPT, connection shank
G1/2A or oval flange
Blanking plug
Electrical connection:
Screwed gland Pg 13.5 (adapter)
Screwed gland M20 x 1.5 or
Screwed gland ½ -14NPT or
Han 7D/Han 8 U-plug
4
5
6
7
Connector side
Electronics side, digital display (greater length for
cover with window)
Access cover over magnetic pushbuttons
Mounting bracket (optional)
This Figure is for Models 7MF4033 and 7MF4233.
FIGURE 9-1 Model 7MF4033, Dimensions
9-2
November 2010
UMSITRAPDS3-1
Model Designations and Specifications
TABLE 9-1 Model 7MF4033, Model Designation
-
Pressure transmitter, two-wire, series DSIII, 7MF4033-
Measuring cell filling
Measuring cell cleaning
Silicone oil
Inert liquid
Standard
Grease-free
1
3
Span
0.01 To 1 bar g
0.04 To 4 bar g
0.16 To 16 bar g
0.63 To 63 bar g
1.6 To 160 bar g
4.0 To 400 bar g
Wetted parts materials
Seal diaphragm
Stainless steel
Hastelloy®
Hastelloy
Version as diaphragm seal
(0.15 To 14.5 psi g)
(0.58 To 58 psi g)
(2.32 To 232 psi g)
(9.14 To 914 psi g)
(23.2 To 2320 psi g)
(58.0 To 5802 psi g)
Process connection
Stainless steel
Stainless steel
Hastelloy
Process connection
• Connection shank G1/2A to EN 837-1
• Female thread 1/2-14 NPT
• Oval flange made of stainless steel
- Mounting thread 7/16-20 UNF to EN 61518
- Mounting thread M10 to DIN 19213
- Mounting thread M12 to DIN 19213
• Male thread M20 x 1.5
• Male thread 1/2-14 NPT
Non-wetted parts materials
• Housing die-cast aluminum
• Housing stainless steel precision casting
Version
• Standard version
• International version, English label inscription and documentation in 5 languages on CD
Explosion protection
• Without
• With ATEX, type of protection:
- Intrinsic safety (EEx ia)
- Explosion proof (EEx d)
- Intrinsic safety and explosion-proof enclosure (EEx ia + EEx d)
- Ex nA/nL (Zone 2)
- Intrinsic safety, explosion-proof enclosure and dust explosion protection (EEx ia +
EEx d + Zone 1D/2D)
• With FM + CSA, type of protection: Intrinsic safety and explosion proof (is + xp)
Electrical connection / cable entry
• Screwed gland PG 13.5; adapter
• Screwed gland M20 x 1.5
• Screwed gland 1/2-14 NPT
• Han 7D plug (plastic housing) includes mating connector
• M12 connector (metal)
Display
• Without (digital indicator hidden, setting: mA)
• With visible digital indicator, setting: mA
• With customer specified digital indicator and setting, order code Y21 or Y22 required
B
C
D
E
F
G
A
B
C
Y
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
3
1
2
A
B
D
P
E
R
N C
A
B
C
D
F
1
6
7
• Additional selections and data on next page.
November 2010
9-3
Model Designations and Specifications
UMSITRPDS3-1
Additional Model 7MF4033 Selections and Data*
Order Code
Transmitter with mounting bracket of:
- steel
A01
- stainless steel
A02
Plug: Han 7D (metal, gray)
A30
Plug: Han 8U (instead of Han 7D)
A31
Cable sockets for M12 connectors (metal)
A50
Inscribing of rating plate (instead of German):
- English
- French
- Spanish
B11
B12
B13
- Italian
B14
- English, pressure units in inH2O or psi
B21
Manufacturer’s test/calibration certificate M to DIN 55350, part 18 and ISO 8402
Acceptance test certificate to EN 10204-3.1
C11
Factory certificate to EN 10204-2.2
C14
“Functional Safety (SIL)” certificate
C20
Setting upper limit of output signal limit to 22.0 mA
D05
Manufacturer’s declaration according to NACE
Type of protection IP68
Digital indicator alongside the input keys
Supplied with oval flange
D07
Use in or on Zone 1D/2D
E01
Use in Zone 0
E02
C12
D12
D27
D37
Oxygen cleaning application, 160 bar g (2320 psi g) maximum, for oxygen measurement
and inert liquid
E10
Explosion proof, intrinsic safety to INMETRO (Brazil)
E25
Explosion proof, intrinsic safety to NEPSI (China)
E55
Explosion protection, explosion proof to NEPSI (China)
E56
Explosion proof, Zone 2 to NEPSI (China)
E57
Measuring range to be set, 5 characters maximum, specify in plane text:
Y01: ... to ... mbar, bar, psi, kPa, MPa,
Tag number/descriptor, 16 characters maximum, specify in plain text:
Tag message, 27 characters maximum, specify in plain text
Entry of HART address (Tag), 8 characters maximum, specify in plain text
Setting of pressure indication in pressure units, specify in plain text: mbar, psi, kPa, MPa...
3
Setting of pressure indication in non-pressure units, specify in plain text: l/min, m /h, m,
USgpm... (5 characters maximum)
Y01
Y15
Y16
Y17
Y21
Y22+Y01
Only Y01, Y21, Y22, Y25 and D05 can be factory preset.
* Add “-Z” to model number and specify Order Code(s).
9-4
November 2010
UMSITRAPDS3-1
Model Designations and Specifications
TABLE 9-2 Model 7MF4033, Specifications
Input
Measured variable
Span (infinitely adjustable)
Lower measuring limit
• Measuring cell, silicone oil filling
• Measuring cell, inert filling liquid
Upper measuring limit
• With oxygen measurement and inert
liquid
Output
Output signal
• Lower limit (infinitely adjustable)
• Upper limit (infinitely adjustable)
Load
• Without HART communication
• With Hart communication
Accuracy
Reference Conditions
Error in measurement and fixed-point
setting (including hysteresis and
repeatability)
• Linear characteristic
- r ≤ 10
- 10 ≤ r < 30
- 30 ≤ r < 100
Long-term drift (temperature change
+/-30°C (+/-54°F))
Influence of ambient temperature
• at -10 to +60°C (14 to +140°F)
• at -40 to -10°C and +60 to +85°C (-40
to +14°F and 140 to +185°F)
Rated operating conditions
Degree of protection (to EN 60529)
Process temperature
• Measuring cell, silicon oil filling
• Measuring cell, inert filling liquid
• In conjunction with dust explosion
protection
Ambient conditions
• Ambient temperature, digital indicators
• Storage temperature
• Climatic class, condensation
• Electromagnet compatibility
Design
Weight, approximate, without options
Housing material
November 2010
Gage pressure
Span
0.01 to 1 bar g (0.145 to 14.5 psi g)
0.04 to 4 bar g (0.58 to 58 psi g)
0.16 to 16 bar g (2.23 to 232 psi g)
0.6 to 63 bar g (9.14 to 914 psi g)
1.6 to 160 bar g (23.2 to 2320 psi g)
4.0 to 400 bar g (58 to 5802 psi g)
Max. permissible test pressure
6 bar g (87 psi g)
10 bar g (145 psi g)
32 bar g (464 psi g)
100 bar g (1450 psi g)
250 bar g (3626 psi g)
600 bar g (8700 psi g)
30 mbar a (0.435 psi a)
30 mbar a (0.435 psi a)
100% of maximum span
160 bar g (2320 psi g) maximum
4 to 20 mA
3.55 mA, factory preset to 3.84 mA
23 mA, factory preset to 20.5 mA or optionally set to 22.0 mA
RB ≤ (UH – 10.5 V)/0.023 A in Ω; UH: power supply in V
RB = 230 to 500 Ω (SIMATIC PDM); RB = 230 to 1100 Ω (HART Communicator)
To EN 60770-1
Increasing characteristic, start of scale value 0 bar, stainless steel seal diaphragm,
silicon oil filling, temperature 25°C (77°F) r: span ratio (r = max. span/set span)
≤ (0.0029 * r + 0.071)%
≤ (0.0045 * r + 0.071) %
≤ (0.005 * r + 0.05)%
≤ (0.25 * r)% every 5 years
≤ (0.08 * r + 0.1)%
≤ (0.1 * r + 0.15)%/10K
IP65
-40 to +100°C (-40 to +212°F)
-20 to +100°C (-4 to +212°F)
-20 to +60°C (-4 to +140°F)
-30 to +85°C (-22 to +185°F)
-50 to +85°C (-58 to +185°F)
Permissible
To EN 61326 and NAMUR NE 21
1.5 kg (3.3 lb)
Low copper die-cast aluminum, GD-AISi 12 or stainless steel precision casing, mat.
No. 1.4408
9-5
Model Designations and Specifications
Wetted parts materials
• Connection shank
• Oval flange
• Seal diaphragm
Measuring cell filling
Process connection
Power Supply UH
Terminal voltage at transmitter
Certificate and approvals
HART communication
HART communication
Protocol
Software for computer
9-6
UMSITRPDS3-1
Stainless steel, mat. No. 1.4404/316L or Hastelloy C4, mat. No. 2.4610
Stainless steel, mat. No. 1.4404/316L
Stainless steel, mat. No. 1.4404/316L or Hastelloy C276, mat. No. 2.4819
Silicone oil or inert filling liquid
Connection shank G1/2A to DIN EN837-1, female thread 1/2-14 NPT or oval flange
to DIN 19213 with mounting thread M10 or 7/16-20 UNF to EN 16518
10.5 to 45 Vdc; 10.5 to 30 Vdc in intrinsically-safe mode
See Table 9-20.
230 to 1100 Ω
HART Version 5.x
SIMATIC PDM
November 2010
UMSITRAPDS3-1
Model Designations and Specifications
9.2 MODEL 7MF4233, ABSOLUTE PRESSURE
This section contains a dimension drawing of the transmitter, a model designation table and performance
specifications.
1
2
3
Process connection, ½ -14NPT, connection shank
G1/2A or oval flange
Blanking plug
Electrical connection:
Screwed gland Pg 13.5 (adapter)
Screwed gland M20 x 1.5 or
Screwed gland ½ -14NPT or
Han 7D/Han 8 U-plug
4
5
6
7
Connector side
Electronics side, digital display (greater length for
cover with window)
Access cover over magnetic pushbuttons
Mounting bracket (optional)
This Figure is for Models 7MF4033 and 7MF4233.
FIGURE 9-2 Model 7MF4233, Dimensions
November 2010
9-7
Model Designations and Specifications
UMSITRPDS3-1
TABLE 9-3 Model 7MF4233, Model Designation
Absolute pressure, gauge construction, two-wire, series DSIII, 7MF4233Measuring cell filling
Measuring cell cleaning
Silicone oil
Standard
Inert liquid
Grease-free
Span
8.3 to 250 mbar a
(0.12 to 3.63 psi a)
43 to 1300 mbar a
(0.62 to 18.9 psi a)
0.16 to 5 bar a
(2.32 to 72.5 psi a)
1 to 30 bar a
(14.5 to 435 psi a)
Wetted parts materials
Seal diaphragm
Process Connection
Stainless Steel
Stainless steel
Hastelloy
Stainless steel
Hastelloy
Hastelloy
Version for diaphragm seal
Process connection
• Connection shank G1/2A to EN 837-1
• Female thread 1/2-14 NPT
• Oval flange stainless steel
- Mounting thread 7/16-20 UNF to EN 61518
- Mounting thread M10 to DIN 19213
• Male thread M20 x 1.5
• Male thread 1/2-14 NPT
Non-wetted parts material
• Housing die-cast aluminum
• Housing stainless steel precision casting
Version
• Standard version
• International version, English label inscriptions; documentation in 5 languages on CD
Explosion protection
• Without
• With ATEX; type of protection:
- Intrinsic safety (EEx ia)
- Explosion proof (EEx d)
- Intrinsic safety and explosion-proof enclosure (EEx ia + EEx d)
- Ex nA/nL (Zone 2)
- Intrinsic safety, explosion-proof enclosure and dust explosion protection (EEx ia +
EEx d + Zone 1D/2D)
• With FM + CSA, type of protection: intrinsic safety and explosion proof (is + xp)
Electrical connection / cable entry
• Screwed gland Pg 13.5; Adapter
• Screwed gland M20 x 1.5
• Screwed gland 1/2-14 NPT
• Han 7D plug (plastic housing) includes mating connector
• Plug M12 (metal)
Display
• Without (digital indicator hidden, setting: mA)
• With visible digital indicator, setting: mA
• With customer specified digital indicator and setting, order code Y21 or Y22 required)
1
3
D
F
G
H
A
B
C
Y
0
1
2
3
5
6
0
3
1
2
A
B
D
P
E
R
N C
A
B
C
D
F
1
6
7
Additional selections and data on next page.
9-8
November 2010
UMSITRAPDS3-1
Model Designations and Specifications
Additional Model 7MF4233 Selections and Data*
Order Code
Transmitter with mounting bracket of:
- steel
A01
- stainless steel
A02
Plug: Han 7D (metal, gray)
A30
Plug: Han 8U (instead of Han 7D)
A31
Cable sockets for M12 connectors (metal)
A50
Inscribing of rating plate (instead of German):
- English
- French
- Spanish
B11
B12
B13
- Italian
B14
- English, pressure units in inH2O or psi
B21
Manufacturer’s test/calibration certificate M to DIN 55350, part 18, and ISO 8402
Acceptance test certificate to EN 10204-3.1
C11
Factory certificate to EN 10204-2.2
C14
“Functional Safety (SIL)” certificate
C20
Setting upper limit of output signal limit to 22.0 mA
D05
Manufacturer’s declaration according to NACE
Type of protection IP68
Digital indicator alongside the input keys
Supplied with oval flange
D07
Use in or on Zone 1D/2D
E01
Use in Zone 0
E02
C12
D12
D27
D37
Oxygen cleaning application, 160 bar g (2320 psi g) maximum, for oxygen
measurement and inert liquid)
E10
Explosion proof, intrinsic safety to INMETRO (Brazil)
E25
Explosion proof, intrinsic safety to NEPSI (China)
E55
Explosion protection, explosion proof to NEPSI (China)
E56
Explosion proof, Zone 2 to NEPSI (China)
E57
Measuring range to be set, specify in plane text (5 characters maximum):
Y01: ... to ... mbar, bar, psi, kPa, MPa,
Tag number/descriptor, 16 characters maximum, specify in plain text:
Tag message, 27 characters maximum, specify in plain text
Entry of HART address (Tag): 8 characters maximum, specify in plain text
Setting of pressure indication in pressure units, specify in clear text: mbar, psi,
kPa, MPa...
3
Setting of pressure indication in non-pressure units, specify in plain text: l/min, m /h,
m, USgpm... (5 characters maximum)
Y01
Y15
Y16
Y17
Y21
Y22+Y01
Only Y01, Y21, Y22, Y25 and D05 can be factory preset.
* Add “-Z” to model number and specify Order Code(s).
November 2010
9-9
Model Designations and Specifications
UMSITRPDS3-1
TABLE 9-4 Model 7MF4233, Specifications
Input
Measured variable
Span (infinitely adjustable)
Lower measuring limit
• Measuring cell, silicone oil filling
Upper measuring limit
Output
Output signal
• Lower limit (infinitely adjustable)
• Upper limit (infinitely adjustable)
Load
• Without HART communication
• With Hart communication
Accuracy
Reference Conditions
Error in measurement and fixed-point
setting (including hysteresis and
repeatability)
• Linear characteristic
- r ≤ 10
- 10 ≤ r < 30
Long-term drift (temperature change
+/-30°C (+/-54°F))
Influence of ambient temperature
• at -10 to +60°C (14 to +140°F)
• at -40 to -10°C and +60 to +85°C (-40
to +14°F and 140 to +185°F)
Rated operating conditions
Degree of protection (to EN 60529)
Process temperature
• Measuring cell, silicon oil filling
• Measuring cell, inert filling liquid
• In conjunction with dust explosion
protection
Ambient conditions
• Ambient temperature, digital indicators
• Storage temperature
• Climatic class, condensation
• Electromagnet compatibility
Design
Weight, approximate, without options
Housing material
Wetted parts materials
• Connection shank
• Oval flange
• Seal diaphragm
9-10
Absolute pressure (gage construction)
Span
8.3 to 250 mbar a (0.12 to 3.6 psi a) see Note
43 to 1300 mbar a (0.62 to 18.9 psi a)
160 to 5000 mbar a (2.32 to 72.5 psi a)
1 to 30 bar a (14.5 to 435 psi a)
Max. permissible test pressure
6 bar a (87 psi a)
10 bar a (145 psi a)
30 bar a (435 psi a)
100 bar a (1450 psi a)
0 mbar a (0 psi a)
100% of maximum span
4 to 20 mA
3.55 mA, factory preset to 3.84 mA
23 mA, factory preset to 20.5 mA or optionally set to 22.0 mA
RB ≤ (UH – 10.5 V)/0.023 A in Ω; UH: power supply in V
RB = 230 to 500 Ω (SIMATIC PDM) or
RB = 230 to 1100 Ω (HART Communicator)
To EN 60770-1
Increasing characteristic, start of scale value 0 bar, stainless steel seal diaphragm,
silicon oil filling, temperature 25°C (77°F) r: span ratio (r = max. span/set span)
≤ 0.1%
≤ 0.2%
≤ (0.1 * r)%/year
≤ (0.1 * r + 0.2)%
≤ (0.1 * r + 0.15)%/10K
IP65
-40 to +100°C (-40 to +212°F)
-20 to +100°C (-4 to +212°F)
-20 to +60°C (-4 to +140°F)
-30 to +85°C (-22 to +185°F)
-50 to +85°C (-58 to +185°F)
Permissible
To EN 61326 and NAMUR NE 21
1.5 kg (3.3 lb)
Low copper die-cast aluminum, GD-AISi 12 or stainless steel precision casing, mat.
No. 1.4408
Stainless steel, mat. No. 1.4404/316L or Hastelloy C4, mat. No. 2.4610
Stainless steel, mat. No. 1.4404/316L
Stainless steel, mat. No. 1.4404/316L or Hastelloy C276, mat. No. 2.4819
November 2010
UMSITRAPDS3-1
Measuring cell filling
Process connection
Power Supply UH
Terminal voltage at transmitter
Certificate and approvals
HART communication
HART communication
Protocol
Software for computer
Model Designations and Specifications
Silicone oil or inert filling liquid; max. 160 bar a (2320 psia) with oxygen
measurement
Connection shank G1/2A to DIN EN837-1, female thread 1/2-14 NPT or oval flange
to DIN 19213 with mounting thread M10 or 7/16-20 UNF to EN 16518
10.5 to 45 Vdc
10.5 to 30 Vdc in intrinsically-safe mode
See Table 9-20
230 to 1100 Ω
HART Version 5.x
SIMATIC PDM
Note: 3.6 psi absolute (250 mbar a) Capsule
This measuring cell is designed for operation within the measuring limits of 0 to 3.63 psi
(absolute). When stored in the normal ambient pressure of about of about 14.7 psi
(absolute), the measuring cell is in the overload state. An overload error of up to 0.03 psi
may occur. The overload disappears in normal operation within the measuring limits and
the transmitter operates within specifications.
When performing accurate continuous pressure measurements within the measuring
limits, a readjustment of the transmitter zero for absolute pressure must be performed
after approximately one day (refer to Section 6.2.5).
If pressure measurements exceed the measuring limits repeatedly (e.g. batch processes
with transitions between vacuum and ventilation), a measuring cell with a maximum
range of 18.9 psi should be selected to avoid overloading.
November 2010
9-11
Model Designations and Specifications
UMSITRPDS3-1
9.3 MODEL 7MF4333, ABSOLUTE PRESSURE
This section contains a dimension drawing of the transmitter, a model designation table and performance
specifications.
1
2
3
4
5
Process connection ¼-18NPT for absolute pressure
(+) side
Mounting thread M10, M12 or 7/16-20UNF
Dummy plug
Electrical connection:
Screwed gland PG 13.5 (adapter)
M20 x 1.5 or ½ -14NPT or
Han 7D/Han 8 U plug
Connection side
6
7
8
9
10
11
Electronics side, digital display (greater length for
cover with window)
Access cover over magnetic pushbuttons
Sealing screw with vent shown (optional)
Side vent for measuring liquid
Side vent for measuring gas (supplement H02)
Mounting bracket (optional)
This Figure is for Models 7MF4333, 7MF4433, and
7MF4533.
FIGURE 9-3 Models 7MF4333, 7MF4433 and 7MF4533, Dimensions
9-12
November 2010
UMSITRAPDS3-1
Model Designations and Specifications
TABLE 9-5 Model 7MF4333, Model Designation
Absolute pressure, differential pressure construction, two-wire, series DSIII, 7MF4333Measuring cell filling
Measuring cell cleaning
Silicone oil
Standard
Inert liquid
Grease-free
Span
8.3 to 250 mbar a
(0.12 to 3.63 psi a)
43 to 1300 mbar a
(0.62 to 18.9 psi a)
0.16 to 5 bar a
(2.32 to 72.5 psi a)
1 to 30 bar a
(14.5 to 435 psi a)
5.3 to 100 bar a
(76.9 to 1450 psi a)
Wetted parts materials
Seal diaphragm
Parts of the measuring cell
Stainless steel
Stainless steel
Hastelloy
Stainless steel
Hastelloy
Hastelloy
Tantalum
Tantalum
Monel®
Monel
Gold
Gold
Version for diaphragm seal
Process connection
Female thread 1/4-18 NPT with flange connection
• Sealing screw opposite process connection
- Mounting thread M10 to DIN 19213
- Mounting thread 7/16-20 UNF to EN 61518
• Vent on side of process flange
- Mounting thread M10 to DIN 19213
- Mounting thread 7/16-20 UNF to EN 61518
Non-wetted parts materials
Process flange screws
Electronics housing
Stainless steel
Die-cast aluminum
Stainless steel
Stainless steel precision casting
Version
• Standard version
• International version, English label inscriptions and documentation in 5 languages on CD
Explosion protection
• Without
• With ATEX, type of protection:
- Intrinsic safety (EEx ia)
- Explosion proof (EEx d)
- Intrinsic safety and explosion-proof enclosure (EEx ia + EEx d)
- Ex nA/nL (Zone 2)
- Intrinsic safety, explosion proof enclosure and dust explosion protection (EEX ia +
EEx d + Zone 1D/2D)
• With FM +CSA, type of protection intrinsic safety and explosion proof (is + xp)
Electrical connection / cable entry
• Screwed gland PG 13.5; Adapter
• Screwed gland M20 x 1.5
• Screwed gland 1/2-14 NPT
• Han 7D plug (plastic housing) including mating connector
• Plug M12 (metal)
Display
• Without (digital indicator hidden, setting: mA)
• With visible digital indicator
• With customer specified digital indicator and setting, order code Y21 or Y22 required
Additional selections and data on next page.
November 2010
1
3
D
F
G
H
K E
A
B
C
E
H
L
Y
0
2
4
6
2
3
1
2
A
B
D
P
E
R
N C
A
B
C
D
F
1
6
7
9-13
Model Designations and Specifications
UMSITRPDS3-1
Additional Model 7MF4333 Selections and Data*
Order Code
Transmitter with mounting bracket of:
- steel
A01
- stainless steel
Process flange O-ring (instead of FPM (Viton®)) of:
- PTFE (Teflon®)
- FEP (with silicone core, approved for food)
- FFPM (Kalrez®, compound 4079)
- NBR (buna N)
A02
A20
A21
A22
A23
Plug: Han 7D (metal, gray)
A30
Plug: Han 8U (instead of Han 7D)
A31
Sealing screws (1/4-18 NPT) with valve in same material as process flange
Cable sockets for M12 connectors (metal)
A40
Inscribing of rating plate (instead of German):
- English
- French
- Spanish
A50
B11
B12
B13
- Italian
B14
- English, pressure units in inH2O or psi
B21
Manufacturer test/calibration certificate M to DIN 55350, Part 18, and ISO 8402
Acceptance test certificate to EN 10204-3.1
C11
Factory certificate to EN 10204-2.2
C14
“Functional Safety (SIL)” certificate
C20
Setting of the upper limit of output signal limit to 22.0 mA
D05
Manufacturer’s declaration according to NACE
D07
Type of protection IP 68
D12
Digital indicator alongside the input keys
D27
Supplied with oval flange
D37
Use in or on Zone 1D/2D
E01
Use on Zone 0
E02
Oxygen cleaning application, 160 bar a (2320 psi a) maximum, for oxygen measurement and inert liquid
E10
Explosion proof, intrinsic safety to INMETRO (Brazil)
E25
Explosion proof, intrinsic safety to NEPSI (China)
E55
Explosion protection, explosion proof to NEPSI (China)
E56
Explosion proof, Zone 2 to NEPSI (China)
E57
Interchanging of process connection sides
H01
Vent on side for gas measurement
H02
Process flange:
- Hastelloy
K01
- Monel
- Stainless steel with PVDF insert, PN 10 (MWP 145 psi) maximum, temperature of
medium 90°C (194°F) maximum
Measuring range to be set, specify in plain text:
Y01: 0 to ... mbar, psi, kPa, MPa, ... (27 characters maximum)
Tag number/description, 16 characters maximum, specify in plain text
Tag message, 27 characters maximum, specify in plain text
Entry of HART address (Tag), 8 characters maximum, specify in plain text
Setting of pressure indication in pressure units, specify in plain text: mbar, psi, kPa, MPa...
3
Setting of pressure indication in non-pressure units: l/min, m /h, m, USgpm...
C12
K02
K04
Y01
Y15
Y16
Y17
Y21
Y22+Y01
Only Y01, Y21, Y22, Y25 and D05 can be factory preset.
* Add “-Z” to model number and specify Order Code(s).
9-14
November 2010
UMSITRAPDS3-1
Model Designations and Specifications
TABLE 9-6 Model 7MF4333, Specifications
Input
Measured variable
Span (infinitely adjustable)
Lower measuring limit
• Measuring cell, silicone oil filling
Upper measuring limit
Output
Output signal
• Lower limit (infinitely adjustable)
• Upper limit (infinitely adjustable)
Load
• Without HART communication
• With Hart communication
Accuracy
Reference Conditions
Error in measurement and fixed-point
setting (including hysteresis and
repeatability)
• Linear characteristic
- r ≤ 10
- 10 ≤ r < 30
Long-term drift (temperature change
+/-30°C (+/-54°F))
Influence of ambient temperature
• at -10 to +60°C (14 to +140°F)
• at -40 to -10°C and +60 to +85°C (-40
to +14°F and 140 to +185°F)
Rated operating conditions
Degree of protection (to EN 60529)
Process temperature
• Measuring cell, silicon oil filling
• Measuring cell, inert filling liquid
• In conjunction with dust explosion
protection
Ambient conditions
• Ambient temperature, digital indicators
• Storage temperature
• Climatic class, condensation
• Electromagnet compatibility
Design
Weight, approximate, without options
Housing material
Absolute pressure (differential construction)
Span
8.3 to 250 mbar a (0.12 to 3.6 psi a) see Note
43 to 1300 mbar a (0.62 to 18.9 psi a)
160 to 5000 mbar a (2.32 to 72.5 psi a)
1 to 30 bar a (14.5 to 435 psi a)
5.3 to 100 bar a (77 to 1450 psi a)
Max. permissible test pressure
32 bar a (464 psi a)
32 bar a (464 psi a)
32 bar a (464 psi a)
160 bar a (2320 psi a)
160 bar a (2320 psi a)*
* For process flange connection
thread M10 and 7/16-20 UNF
0 mbar a (0 psi a)
100% of maximum span
4 to 20 mA
3.55 mA, factory preset to 3.84 mA
23 mA, factory preset to 20.5 mA
Optionally set to 22.0 mA
RB ≤ (UH – 10.5 V)/0.023 A in Ω
UH: power supply in V
RB = 230 to 500 Ω (SIMATIC PDM) or
RB = 230 to 1100 Ω (HART Communicator)
To EN 60770-1
Increasing characteristic, start of scale value 0 bar, stainless steel seal diaphragm,
silicon oil filling, temperature 25°C (77°F) r: span ratio (r = max. span/set span)
≤ 0.1%
≤ 0.2%
≤ (0.1 * r)%/ year
≤ (0.1 * r + 0.2)%
≤ (0.1 * r + 0.15)%/10K
IP65
-40 to +100°C (-40 to +212°F)
-20 to +100°C (-4 to +212°F)
-20 to +60°C (-4 to +140°F)
-30 to +85°C (-22 to +185°F)
-50 to +85°C (-58 to +185°F)
Permissible
To EN 61326 and NAMUR NE 21
4.5 kg (9.9 lb)
Low copper die-cast aluminum, GD-AISi 12 or stainless steel precision casing, mat.
No. 1.4408
Wetted parts materials
November 2010
9-15
Model Designations and Specifications
• Seal diaphragm
• Process flange and sealing screw
• O-ring(s)
Measuring cell filling
Process connection
Power Supply UH
Terminal voltage at transmitter
Certificate and approvals
HART communication
HART communication
Protocol
Software for computer
UMSITRPDS3-1
Stainless steel, mat. No. 1.4404/316L or Hastelloy C4, mat. No. 2.4610, Monel, mat.
No. 2.4360, tantalum or gold
Stainless steel, mat. No. 1.4408, Hastelloy C4, mat. No. 2.4610 or Monel, mat. No.
2.4360
FPM (Viton) or optionally: PTFE, FEP, FEPM and NBR
Silicone oil or inert filling liquid; max. 160 bar a (2320 psi a) with oxygen
measurement
1/4-18 NPT and flange connection to DIN 19213 with mounting thread M10 to DIN
19213 or 7/16-20 UNF to EN 16518
10.5 to 45 Vdc
10.5 to 30 Vdc in intrinsically-safe mode
See Table 9-20
230 to 1100 Ω
HART Version 5.x
SIMATIC PDM
Note: 3.6 psi absolute (250 mbar a) Capsule
This measuring cell is designed for operation within the measuring limits of 0 to 3.63 psi
(absolute). When stored in the normal ambient pressure of about of about 14.7 psi
(absolute), the measuring cell is in the overload state. An overload error of up to 0.03 psi
may occur. The overload disappears in normal operation within the measuring limits and
the transmitter operates within specifications.
When performing accurate continuous pressure measurements within the measuring
limits, a readjustment of the transmitter zero for absolute pressure must be performed
after approximately one day (refer to Section 6.2.5).
If pressure measurements exceed the measuring limits repeatedly (e.g. batch processes
with transitions between vacuum and ventilation), a measuring cell with a maximum
range of 18.9 psi should be selected to avoid overloading.
9-16
November 2010
UMSITRAPDS3-1
Model Designations and Specifications
9.4 MODELS 7MF4433 AND 7MF4533, DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE AND FLOW
This section contains a dimension drawing of the transmitter (with the H03 option). A dimension drawing
of the standard model is found in Figure 9-3. This section also contains a model designation table and
performance specifications.
1
2
3
4
5
10
11
Process connection ¼ -18NPT
Mounting thread M10 or 7/16 –20 UNF
Connection side
Electronics side, digital display
Sealing screw
Blanking plug (only for PG 13.5 and Han 7D)
Access cover over magnetic pushbuttons
12
Electrical connection:
Cable gland Pg 13.51, 2
M20 x 1.52 or ½ - 14 NPT or Han 7D plug1, 2
1 – not for explosion proof degree of protection
2 – not in FM exp/CSA degree of protection
This Figure is for Models 7MF4433 and 7MF4533 with
H03 option.
FIGURE 9-4 Models 7MF4433 and 7MF4533, Dimensions, With H03 Option
November 2010
9-17
Model Designations and Specifications
UMSITRPDS3-1
TABLE 9-7 Model 7MF4433, Model Designation
Differential pressure and flow transmitters, two-wire, series DSIII, PN 470/2325, 7MF4433Measuring cell filling
Measuring cell cleaning
Silicone oil
Standard
Inert liquid
Grease-free
Span
PN 32 (MWP 464 psi)
1 to 20 mbar (0.4015 to 8.03 inH2O)
PN 160 (MWP 2320 psi)
1 to 60 mbar (0.4015 to 24.09 inH2O)
2.5 to 250 mbar (1.004 to 100.4 inH2O)
6 to 600 mbar (2.409 to 240.9 inH2O)
16 to 1600 mbar (6.424 to 642.4 inH2O)
50 to 5000 mbar (20.08 to 2008 inH2O)
0.3 to 30 bar (4.35 to 435 psi)
Wetted parts materials
Seal diaphragm
Parts of measuring cell
Stainless steel
Stainless steel
Hastelloy
Stainless steel
Hastelloy
Hastelloy
Tantalum
Tantalum
Monel
Monel
Gold
Gold
Version for diaphragm remote seal
Process connection
Female thread 1/4-18 NPT with flange connection to DIN 19213
• Sealing screw opposite process connection:
- Mounting thread M10 to DIN 19213
- Mounting thread 7/16-20 UNF to EN 61518
• Vent on side of process flange:
- Mounting thread M10 to DIN 19213
- Mounting thread 7/16-20 UNF to EN 61518
Non-wetted parts materials
Process flange screws
Electronics housing
Stainless steel
Die-cast aluminum
Stainless steel
Stainless steel precision casting
Version
• Standard version
• International version, English label inscriptions and documentation in 5 languages on CD
Explosion protection
• Without
• With ATEX, type of protection:
- Intrinsic safety (EEx ia)
- Explosion proof (EEx d)
- Intrinsic safety and explosion-proof enclosure (EEx ia + EEx d)
- Ex nA/nL (Zone 2)
- Intrinsic safety, explosion-proof enclosure and dust explosion protection EExia +
EEx d +Zone 1D/2D)
• With FM + CSA, type of protection intrinsic safety and explosion proof (is + xp)
Electrical connection / cable entry
• Screwed gland PG 13.5; Adapter
• Screwed gland M20 x 1.5
• Screwed gland 1/2-14 NPT
• Han 7D plug (plastic housing) incl. mating connector
• M12 connectors (metal)
Display
• Without (digital indicator hidden, setting: mA)
• With visible digital indicator
• With customer specified digital indicator and setting, order code Y21 or Y22 required
1
3
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
A
B
C
E
H
L
Y
0
2
4
6
2
3
1
2
A
B
D
P
E
R
N C
A
B
C
D
1
6
7
Additional selections and data on next page.
9-18
November 2010
UMSITRAPDS3-1
Model Designations and Specifications
Additional Model 7MF4433 Selections and Data*
Order code
Transmitter with mounting bracket of:
- Steel
A01
- Stainless steel
A02
Process flange O-ring (instead of FPM (Viton®)) of:
- PTFE (Teflon)
A20
- FEP (with silicone core, approved for food)
A21
- FFPM (Kalrez, compound 4079)
A22
- NBR (Buna N)
A23
Plug: Han 7D (metal, gray)
A30
Plug: Han 8U (instead of Han 7D)
A31
Sealing screws (1/4-18 NPT) with valve in same material as process flanges
A40
Cable sockets for M12 connectors (metal)
A50
Inscribing of rating plate (instead of German):
- English
B11
- French
B12
- Spanish
B13
- Italian
B14
- English, pressure units in inH2O or psi
B21
Manufacturer test/calibration certificate M to DIN 55350, Part 18, and ISO 8402
C11
Acceptance test certificate to EN 10204-3.1
C12
Factory certificate to EN 10204-2.2
C14
“Functional Safety (SIL)” certificate
C20
Setting the upper limit of output current to 22.0 mA
D05
Manufacturer’s declaration according to NACE
D07
Type of protection IP68
D12
Digital indicator alongside the input keys
D27
Process flange screws made of Monel (normal pressure PN20 maximum)
D34
Supplied with oval flange set
D37
Use in or on Zone 1D/2D
E01
Use on Zone 0
E02
TUV approved to AD/TRD (only with EEx ia)
E06
Overfilling safety device for flammable and non-flammable liquids, PN32 (MVWP 464 psi) maximum
E08
Oxygen cleaning application, 160 bar (2325 psi) maximum, for oxygen measurement and inert liquid
E10
Explosion proof, intrinsic safety to INMETRO (Brazil)
E25
Explosion proof, intrinsic safety to NEPSI (China)
E55
Explosion protection, explosion proof to NEPSI (China)
E56
Explosion proof, Zone 2 to NEPSI (China)
E57
Interchanging of process connection sides
H01
Vent on side for gas measurement
H02
Stainless steel process flanges for vertical differential pressure lines
H03
Process flanges:
- Hastelloy
K01
- Monel
K02
- Stainless steel with PVDF insert, PN 10 (MWP 145 psi) maximum, temperature of medium 90°C (194°F) maximum
K04
Measuring range to be set, specify in plain text,
For linear characteristic: ... to ... mbar, psi, kPa, MPa, ... (5 characters maximum)
For square root characteristic: ... to ... mbar, psi, kPa, MPa, ... (5 characters maximum)
Y01
Y02
Tag number / descriptor, 16 characters maximum, specify in plain text:
Y15
Tag message, 27 characters maximum, specify in plain text:
Y16
Entry of HART address (Tag), 8 characters maximum
Y17
Setting of pressure indicator in pressure units, specify in plain text: mbar, psi, kPa, MPa …
Y21
Setting of pressure indicator in non-pressure units, specify in plain text: l/min, m3/h, m, USgpm ...
Y22+Y01 or Y02
Only Y01, Y21, Y22, Y25 and D05 can be factory preset
* Add “-Z” to model number and specify Order Code(s).
November 2010
9-19
Model Designations and Specifications
UMSITRPDS3-1
TABLE 9-8 Model 7MF4533, Model Designation
Differential pressure and flow transmitter, two-wire, series DSIII, Model 7MF4533Measuring cell filling
Measuring cell cleaning
Silicon oil
Standard
1
Span
2.5 to 250 mbar
(1.004 to 100.4 InH2O)
D
6 to 600 mbar
(2.409 to 240.9 InH2O)
E
16 to 1600 mbar
(6.424 to 642.4 InH2O)
F
50 to 5000 mbar
(20.08 to 2008 InH2O)
G
0.3 to 30 bar
(4.35 to 435 psi)
H
Wetted parts materials (stainless steel process flanges)
Seal diaphragm
Parts of the measuring cell
Stainless steel
Stainless steel
A
Hastelloy
Stainless steel
B
Gold
Gold
L
Process connection
Female thread 1/4-18 NPT with flange connection
• Sealing screw opposite process connection:
- Mounting thread M12 to DIN 19213
1
- Mounting thread 7/16-20 UNF to EN 61518
3
• Venting on side of process flanges.
- Mounting thread M12 to DIN 19213
5
- Mounting thread 7/16-20 UNF to EN 61518
7
Non-wetted parts materials
Process flange screws
Electronics housing
Stainless steel
Die-cast aluminum
2
Stainless steel
Stainless steel precision casting
3
Version
• Standard version
1
• International version, English label inscriptions and documentation in 5 languages on CD
2
Explosion protection
• Without
A
• With ATEX, type of protection:
Intrinsic safety (EEx ia)
B
Explosion proof (EEx d)
D
Intrinsic safety and explosion-proof enclosure (EEx ia + EEx d)
P
Ex nA/nL (Zone 2)
E
Intrinsic safety, explosion-proof enclosure and dust explosion protection (EEx ia +
R
EEx d + Zone 1D/2D)
• With FM + CSA, type of protection: Intrinsic safety and explosion proof (is + xp) PN 360 maximum
N C
Electrical connection / cable entry
• Screwed gland PG 13.5; Adapter
A
• Screwed gland M20 x 1.5
B
• Screwed gland 1/2-14 NPT
C
• Han 7D plug (plastic housing) includes mating connector
D
• M12 connector (metal)
F
Display
• Without (digital indicator hidden, setting: mA)
1
• With visible digital indicator
6
• With customer specific digital indicator and setting; Order code Y21 or Y22 required.
7
Additional selections and data on next page.
9-20
November 2010
UMSITRAPDS3-1
Model Designations and Specifications
Additional Model 7MF4533 Selections and Data*
Order Code
Transmitter with mounting bracket of:
- Steel
A01
- Stainless steel
O-rings for process flanges (instead of FPM (Viton)) of:
- PTFE (Teflon)
- FEP (with silicone core, approved for food)
- FFPM (Kalrez, compound 4079)
- NBR (Buna N)
A02
A20
A21
A22
A23
Plug: Han 7D (metal, gray)
A30
Plug: Han 8U (instead of Han 7D)
A31
Sealing screws: 1/4-18 NPT, with valve in material of process flanges
A40
Cable sockets for M12 connectors metal
A50
Inscribing of the rating plate (instead of German):
- English
- French
- Spanish
B11
B12
B13
- Italian
B14
- English, pressure units in inH2O or psi
B21
Manufacturer’s test/calibration certificate M according to DIN 55350, Part 18 and ISO 8402
Acceptance test certificate according to EN 10204-3.1
Factory certificate according to EN 10204-2.2
C11
C12
C14
“Functional Safety (SIL)” certificate
C20
Setting the upper limit of output signal to 22.0 mA
D05
Manufacturer’s declaration according to NACE
D07
Type of protection IP 68
D12
Digital indicator alongside the input keys
D27
Use in or on Zone 1D/2D
E01
Use on Zone 0
E02
Explosion-proof, intrinsic safety to INMETRO (Brazil)
E25
Explosion-proof, intrinsic safety to NEPSI (China)
E55
Explosion protection, explosion proof to NEPSI (China)
E56
Explosion proof, Zone 2 to NEPSI (China)
E57
Interchanging of process connection side
H01
Stainless steel process flanges for vertical differential pressure lines
H03
Measuring range to be set, specify in plain text:
With linear characteristic: ... to ... mbar, psi, kPa, MPa ... (5 characters maximum)
Y01
With square root characteristic: 0 to ... mbar, psi, kPa, MPa... (5 characters maximum)
Tag number/descriptor,16 characters maximum, specify in plain text
Tag message, 27 characters maximum, specify in plain text:
Entry of HART address (Tag)
Setting of pressure indication in pressure units, specify in plain text: mbar, psi, kPa, MPa...
Setting of pressure indication in non-pressure units, specify in plain text: l/min, m3/h, m, USgpm...
Only Y01, Y21, Y22, Y25 and D05 can be factory preset.
* Add “-Z” to model number and specify Order Code(s).
November 2010
Y02
Y15
Y16
Y17
Y21
Y22+Y01 or Y02
9-21
Model Designations and Specifications
UMSITRPDS3-1
TABLE 9-9 Models 7MF4433 and 7MF4533, Specifications
Input
Measured variable
Span (infinitely adjustable)
Lower measuring limit
• Measuring cell, silicone oil filling
Upper measuring limit
Output
Output signal
• Lower limit (infinitely adjustable)
• Upper limit (infinitely adjustable)
Load
• Without HART communication
• With Hart communication
Accuracy
Reference Conditions
Error in measurement and fixed-point
setting (including hysteresis and
repeatability)
• Linear characteristic
- r ≤ 10
- 10 < r ≤ 30
- 30 < r ≤ 100
• Square-root characteristic (flow >
50%)
- r ≤ 10
- 10 < r ≤ 30
• Square-root characteristic (flow 25 to
50%)
- r ≤ 10
- 10 < r ≤ 30
Long-term drift (temperature change
+/-30°C (+/-54°F))
• 20 mbar (0.29 psi)-measuring cell
Influence of ambient temperature
• at -10 to +60°C (14 to +140°F)
• at -40 to -10°C and +60 to +85°C (-40
to +14°F and 140 to +185°F)
9-22
Differential pressure and flow
Span
1 to 20 mbar (0.4 to 8 inH2O)
1 to 60 mbar (0.4 to 24 inH2O)
2.5 to 250 mbar (1 to 100 inH2O)
6 to 600 mbar (2.4 to 240 inH2O)
16 to 1600 mbar (6.4 to 642 inH2O)
50 to 5000 mbar (20 to 2000 inH2O)
0.3 to 30 bar (4.35 to 435 psi)
2.5 to 250 mbar (1 to 100 inH2O)
6 to 600 mbar (2.4 to 240 inH2O)
16 to 1600 mbar (6.4 to 642 inH2O)
50 to 5000 mbar (20 to 2000 inH2O)
0.3 to 30 bar (4.35 to 435 psi)
Max. permissible text pressure
32 bar a (464 psi)
160 bar a (2320 psi)
420 bar (6091 psi)
-100% of span; -33% with 30 bar (435 psi) measuring cell or 30 mbar a (0.44 psi)
100% of maximum span (for oxygen version and inert filling liquid; max. 160 bar g
(2320 psi g))
4 to 20 mA
3.55 mA, factory preset to 3.84 mA
23 mA, factory preset to 20.5 mA or optionally set to 22.0 mA
RB ≤ (UH – 10.5 V)/0.023 A; RB in Ω
UH: power supply in V
RB = 230 to 500 Ω (SIMATIC PDM) or
RB = 230 to 1100 Ω (HART Communicator)
To EN 60770-1
Increasing characteristic, start of scale value 0 bar, stainless steel seal diaphragm,
silicon oil filling, temperature 25°C (77°F) r: span ratio (r = max. span/set span)
≤ (0.0029 * r + 0.071)%
≤ (0.0045 * r + 0.071)%
≤ (0.005 * r + 0.05)%
≤ 0.1%
≤ 0.2%
≤ 0.2%
≤ 0.4%
≤ (0.25 * r)% every 5 years
static pressure max. 70 bar g (1015 psi g)
≤ (0.2 * r) per year
≤ (0.08 * r + 0.1)%
≤ (0.1 * r + 0.15)%/10K (Twice the value
with 20-mbar (0.29 psi) measuring cell)
November 2010
UMSITRAPDS3-1
Influence of static pressure
• on the zero point
- 20 mbar (0.29 psi)-measuring cell
• on the span
- 20 mbar (0.29 psi)-measuring cell
Rated operating conditions
Degree of protection (to EN 60529)
Process temperature
• Measuring cell, silicon oil filling
• Measuring cell, inert filling liquid
• In conjunction with dust explosion
protection
Ambient conditions
• Ambient temperature, digital indicators
• Storage temperature
• Climatic class, condensation
• Electromagnet compatibility
Design
Weight, approximate, without options
Housing material
Wetted parts materials
• Seal diaphragm
Measuring cell filling
Process connection
Power Supply UH
Terminal voltage at transmitter
Certificate and approvals
HART communication
HART communication
Protocol
Software for computer
November 2010
Model Designations and Specifications
≤ (0.15* r) % per 100 bar (1450 psi)
≤ (0.15 % r)% per 32 bar (464 psi)
≤ 0.2% je 100 bar (1450 psi)
≤ 0.2% je 32 bar (464 psi)
IP65
-40 to +100°C (-40 to +212°F)
-20 to +100°C (-4 to +212°F)
-20 to +60°C (-4 to +140°F)
-30 to +85°C (-22 to +185°F)
-50 to +85°C (-58 to +185°F)
Permissible
To EN 61326 and NAMUR NE 21
4.5 kg (9.9 lb)
Low copper die-cast aluminum, GD-AISi 12 or stainless steel precision casing, mat.
No. 1.4408
Stainless steel, mat. No. 1.4404/316L or Hastelloy C276, mat. No. 2.4819, Monel,
mat. No. 2.4360, tantalum or gold
Silicone oil or inert filling liquid; max. 160 bar g (2320 psi g) with oxygen
measurement
Female thread 1/4-18 NPT and flange connection with mounting thread M10 to DIN
19213 or 7/16-20 UNF to EN 61518
10.5 to 45 Vdc
10.5 to 30 Vdc in intrinsically-safe mode
See Table 9-20
230 to 1100 Ω
HART Version 5.x
SIMATIC PDM
9-23
Model Designations and Specifications
UMSITRPDS3-1
9.5 MODELS 7MF4633 AND 7MF4812, LEVEL
This section contains a dimension drawing of the transmitter, a model designation table and performance
specifications.
1
2
3
4
Process connection of low pressure side ¼ -18NPT
Mounting thread M10, M12 or 7/16 –20 UNF
Blanking plug
Electrical connections:
Cable gland Pg 13.5 (with adapter)
M20 x 1.5 or ½ - 14 NPT or
Han 7D/Han 8 U Plug
5
6
7
8
Connection side
Electronics side, digital display (greater length for
cover with window)
Access cover over magnetic pushbuttons
Sealing screw with vent shown (optional)
This Figure is for Models 7MF4633 and 7MF4812.
FIGURE 9-5 Models 7MF4633 and 7MF4812, Dimensions
9-24
November 2010
UMSITRAPDS3-1
Model Designations and Specifications
TABLE 9-10 Models 7MF4633 and 7MF4812, Model Designation
Flanged level transmitter, two-wire, series DSIII, 7MF4633-
Measuring cell filling
Silicone oil
Measuring cell cleaning
Standard
Y
-
1
Span
25 to 250 mbar
25 to 600 mbar
53 to 1600 mbar
0.16 to 5 bar
(0.36 to 3.63 psi)
(0.36 to 8.70 psi)
(0.8 to 23.2 psi)
(2.3 to 72.5 psi)
Process connection of low pressure side
Female thread 1/4-18 NPT with flange connection
• Mounting thread M10 to DIN 19213
• Mounting thread 7/16-20 UNF to EN 61518
Non-wetted parts materials
Process flange screws
Stainless steel
Stainless steel
D
E
F
G
0
2
Electronics housing
Die-cast aluminum
Fine precision stainless steel
2
3
Version
• Standard version
1
• International version, English label inscription and documentation in 5 languages on CD
2
Explosion protection
• Without
• With ATEX, type of protection:
- Intrinsic safety (EEx ia)
- Explosion proof (EEx d)
- Intrinsic safety and explosion-proof enclosure (EEx ia + EEx d)
- Ex nA/nL (Zone 2)
- Intrinsic safety, explosion-proof enclosure, and dust explosion protection (EEx ia +
EEx d + Zone 1D/2D)
• With FM + CSA, type of protection: intrinsic safety and explosion proof (is +xp)
Electrical connection / Cable Entry
• Screwed gland PG 13.5; Adapter
• Screwed gland M20 x 1.5
• Screwed gland 1/2-14 NPT
• Han 7D plug (plastic housing ) includes mating connector
• M12 connectors (metal)
Display
• Without (digital indicator hidden, setting: mA)
• With visible digital indicator
• With customer specific digital indicator and setting, order code Y21 or Y22 required
Additional selections and data on next two pages.
November 2010
A
B
D
P
E
R
N C
A
B
C
D
F
1
6
7
9-25
Model Designations and Specifications
UMSITRPDS3-1
Additional Model 7MF4633 (7MF4812) Selections and Data*
Order Code
O-rings for process flanges on low pressure side (instead of FPM (Viton))
- PTFE (Teflon)
- FEB (with silicone core, approved for food)
- FFPM (Kalrez, compound 4079)
- NBR (Buna N)
Plug: Han 7D (metal, gray)
Plug: Han 8U (instead of Han 7D)
Sealing screws: 1/4-18 NPT with valve in material of process flanges
Cable sockets for M12 connectors (metal)
A20
A21
A22
A23
A30
A31
A40
A50
Inscribing of rating plate (instead of German):
- English
- French
- Spanish
- Italian
B11
B12
B13
B14
- English, pressure units in inH2O or psi
B21
Manufacturer’s test/calibration certificate M to DIN 55350, Part 18 and to ISO 8402
Acceptance test certificate to EN 10204-3.1
Factory certificate to EN 10204-2.2
“Functional Safety (SIL)” certificate
C11
C12
C14
C20
Setting of upper limit of output signal to 22.0 mA
D05
Type of protection IP 68
D12
Supplied with oval flange
D37
Use on Zone 1D/2D
Use on Zone 0
Overfilling safety device for flammable and non-flammable liquids, PN 32 (MVWP 464 psi) maximum
Explosion proof, intrinsic safety to INMETRO (Brazil)
E01
E02
E08
E25
Explosion proof, intrinsic safety to NEPSI (China)
E55
Explosion protection, explosion proof to NEPSI (China)
E56
Explosion proof, Zone 2 to NEPSI (China)
E57
Interchanging of process connection side
Measuring to be set, specify in plain text, Y01: ... to ... mbar, bar, kPa, Mpa... (5 characters maximum)
Specify tag number/descriptor, 16 characters maximum, in plain text
Specify tag message, 27 characters maximum, specify in plain text:
Entry of HART address (Tag)
Setting of pressure indicator in pressure units, specify in plain text: mbar, bar, kPa, MPa, ...
Setting of pressure indicator in non-pressure units, specify in plain text: l/min, m3/h, m, USgpm...
Only Y01, Y21, Y22, Y25 and D05 can be factory preset.
* Add “-Z” to model number and specify Order Code(s).
H01
Y01
Y15
Y16
Y17
Y21
Y22+Y01
9-26
November 2010
UMSITRAPDS3-1
Model Designations and Specifications
Flanged Level Transmitter Accessories
Mounting flange, mounted directly on transmitter, two-wire, 7MF4812Mounting Flange:
Directly mounted on SITRANS P, DSIII series pressure transmitter (converter part)
Flange
Nominal diameter
Nominal pressure
3
Connection per
EN 1092-1
DN 80
DN 100
PN 40
PN 16
PN 40
Connection per
ASME B 16.5
3-inch
Class 150
Class 300
Class 150
Q
Class 300
U
Other version, add in plain text: nominal diameter and nominal pressure
Z
4-inch
D
G
H
R
T
Wetted parts material
Stainless steel 316L:
Stainless steel 316L coated with:
- PFA
- PTFE
- ECTFE
Monel 400, material No. 2.4360
Hastelloy B2, material No. 2.4617
J1Y
A
D
E
F
0
G
H
Hastelloy C276, material No. 2.4819
J
Hastelloy C4, material No. 2.4610
U
Tantalum
Other version, add in plain text: material in contact with medium and sealing face
K
Z
K1Y
Tube length
Without (Flush mount)
50 mm (1.97 inches)
100 mm (3.94 inches)
150 mm (5.90 inches)
200 mm (7.87 inches)
Other version, add in plain text: tube length
0
1
2
3
4
9
L1Y
Filling liquid
Silicone oil M5
1
Silicone oil M50
2
High-temperature oil
3
Halocarbon oil (for O2 measurement)
4
Glycerin/water
6
Food oil (FDA listed)
7
Other version, add in plain text: filling fluid
9
M1Y
Additional selections and data below.
Add "-Z" to the order number and add Order Code(s).
Order Code
Flame flashover lock-out
A01
Manufacturer test certificate M according to DIN 55350, Part 18, and ISO 8402
C11
Acceptance test certificate according to EN 10204
C12
Vacuum-proof version (for use in low pressure range)
Calculation of span of associated transmitter, enclose completed questionnaire
V04
November 2010
Y05
9-27
Model Designations and Specifications
UMSITRPDS3-1
TABLE 9-11 Models 7MF4633 and 7MF4812, Specifications
Input
Measured variable
Span (infinitely adjustable)
Lower measuring limit
• Measuring cell, silicone oil filling
Upper measuring limit
Output
Output signal
• Lower limit (infinitely adjustable)
• Upper limit (infinitely adjustable)
Load
• Without HART communication
• With Hart communication
Accuracy
Reference Conditions
Error in measurement and fixed-point
setting (including hysteresis and
repeatability)
• Linear characteristic
- r ≤ 10
- 10 < r ≤ 30
- 30 < r ≤ 100
Long-term drift (temperature change
+/-30°C (+/-54°F))
Influence of ambient temperature
• at -10 to +60°C (14 to +140°F)
- 250 mbar (3.63 psi) measuring cell
- 600 mbar (8.7 psi) measuring cell
- 1600 and 5000 mbar (23.2 and 72.5
psi) measuring cell
• at -40 to -10°C and +60 to +85°C (-40
to +14°F and 140 to +185°F)
- 250 mbar (3.63 psi) measuring cell
- 600 mbar (8.7 psi) measuring cell
- 1600 and 5000 mbar (23.2 and 72.5
psi) measuring cell
Influence of static pressure
• on the zero point
- 250 mbar (3.63 psi) measuring cell
- 600 mbar (8.7 psi) measuring cell
- 1600 and 5000 mbar (23.2 and 72.5
psi) measuring cell
• on the span
Rated operating conditions
Degree of protection (to EN 60529)
Process temperature
9-28
Level
Span
25 to 250 mbar g (0.36 to 3.63 psi g)
25 to 600 mbar g (0.36 to 8.7 psi g)
53 to 1600 mbar g (0.77 to 23.2 psi g)
160 to 5000 mbar g (2.32 to 72.5 psi g)
Max. permissible test pressure
See Mounting Flange
See Mounting Flange
See Mounting Flange
See Mounting Flange
-100% of span or 30 mbar (0.435 psi a), depending on mounting flange
100% of maximum span
4 to 20 mA
3.55 mA, factory preset to 3.84 mA
23 mA, factory preset to 20.5 mA or optionally set to 22.0 mA
RB ≤ (UH – 10.5 V)/0.023 A; RB in Ω, UH: power supply in V
RB = 230 to 500 Ω (SIMATIC PDM) or
RB = 230 to 1100 Ω (HART Communicator)
To EN 60770-1
Increasing characteristic, start of scale value 0 bar, stainless steel seal diaphragm,
silicon oil filling, temperature 25°C (77°F) r: span ratio (r = max. span/set span)
≤ 0.15%
≤ 0.3%
≤ (0.0075 * r + 0.075)%
≤ (0.25 * r)% every 5 years
static pressure max. 70 bar g (1015 psi g)
≤ (0.5 * r + 0.2)%; 0.4 instead of 0.2 with 10 < r ≤ 30)
≤ (0.3 * r + 0.2)%; 0.4 instead of 0.2 with 10 < r ≤ 30)
≤ (0.25 * r + 0.2)%; 0.4 instead of 0.2 with 10 < r ≤ 30)
≤ (0.25 * r + 0.15)%/10K; double values with 10 < r ≤ 30)
≤ (0.15 * r + 0.15)%/10K; double values with 10 < r ≤ 30)
≤ (0.12 * r + 0.15)%/10K; double values with 10 < r ≤ 30)
≤ (0.3 * r)% per normal pressure
≤ (0.15 * r)% per normal pressure
≤ (0.1 * r)% per normal pressure
≤ (0.1 * r)% per normal pressure
IP65
Note: Always take into account assignment of max. permissible working
temperature to max. permissible working pressure of the respective flange
connection!
November 2010
UMSITRAPDS3-1
• Measuring cell, silicon oil filling
- High-pressure side
- Low pressure side
Ambient conditions
• Ambient temperature, digital indicators
• Storage temperature
• Climatic class, condensation
• Electromagnet compatibility
Design
Weight, approximate, without options
• To EN (pressure transmitter with
mounting flange, without tube)
• To ASME (pressure transmitter with
mounting flange, without tube)
Housing material
Wetted parts materials
• Seal diaphragm
Measuring cell filling
Process connection
• High-pressure side
• Low-pressure side
Power Supply UH
Terminal voltage at transmitter
Certificate and approvals
HART communication
HART communication
Protocol
Software for computer
Mounting Flange
Model Designations and Specifications
-40 to + 100°C (-40 to +212°F)
ρabs ≥ 1 bar: -40 to +175°C (-40 to +347°F)
ρabs ≥ 1 bar: -40 to +80°C (-40 to +176°F)
-40 to +100°C (-40 to +212°F)
-20 to +60°C (-4 to +140°F) in conjunction with dust explosion protection
-30 to +85°C (-22 to +185°F)
-50 to +85°C (-58 to +185°F)
Permissible
To EN 61326 and NAMUR NE 21
4.5 kg (9.9 lb)
11 to 13 kg (24.2 to 28.7 lb)
11 to 18 kg (24.2 to 39.7 lb)
Low copper die-cast aluminum, GD-AISi 12 or stainless steel precision casing, mat.
No. 1.4408
Stainless steel, mat. No. 1.4404/316L, Monel, mat. No. 2.4360, Hastelloy B2, mat.
No. 2.4617, Hastelloy C4, mat. No. 2.4610, tantalum, PTFE, ECTFE
Silicone oil
Flange to EN and ASME
Female thread 1/4-18 NPT and flange connection with mounting thread M10 to DIN
19213 or 7/16-20 UNF to EN 61518
10.5 to 45 Vdc
10.5 to 30 Vdc in intrinsically-safe mode
See Table 9-20
230 to 1100 Ω
HART Version 5.x
SIMATIC PDM
Nominal Diameter
To En 1092-1
- DN 80
- DN 100
To ASME B16.5
- 3 inch
- 4 inch
November 2010
Nominal Pressure
PN 40
PN 16, PN40
Class 150, class 300
Class 150, class 300
9-29
Model Designations and Specifications
UMSITRPDS3-1
9.6 SERVICE PARTS, ALL MODELS
Tables 9-12 through 9-18 list the measuring cells and circuit boards available for servicing a transmitter
described in this publication.
TABLE 9-12 Measuring Cells for Pressure, Service Parts
DS III and DS III PA series, 7MF4990-
0
Measuring cell filling
Measuring cell cleaning
Silicon oil
Normal
1
Inert liquid
Grease-free
3
-
0DC0
Measuring span
0.01 to 1 bar g
(0.15 to 14.5 psi g)
B
0.04 to 4 bar g
(0.58 to 58 psi g)
C
0.16 to 16 bar g
(2.32 to 232 psi g)
D
0.63 to 63 bar g
(9.14 to 914 psi g)
E
1.6 to 160 bar g
(23.2 to 2320 psi g)
F
4.0 to 400 bar g
(58.0 to 5802 psi g)
G
Wetted parts materials
Seal diaphragm
Process connection
Stainless steel
Stainless steel
A
Hastelloy
Stainless steel
B
Hastelloy
Hastelloy
C
Process connection
Connection shank G1/2A to EN 837-1
0
Female thread 1/2-14 NPT
1
Oval flange of stainless steel, span: 160 bar (2320 psi) maximum
- Mounting thread 7/16-20 UNF to EN 61518
2
- Mounting thread M10 to DIN 19213
Additional selection: Add ”–Z” to model number and specify Order Code
Acceptance test certificate to EN 10204-3.1
9-30
3
Order Code
C12
November 2010
UMSITRAPDS3-1
Model Designations and Specifications
TABLE 9-13 Measuring Cells for Absolute Pressure, Gauge Construction, Service Parts
DS III and DS III PA series, Gauge Construction, 7MF4992Measuring cell filling
Measuring cell cleaning
Silicon oil
Normal
Inert liquid
Grease-free
Measuring span
8.3 to 250 mbar a
(0.12 to 3.63 psi a)
43 to 1300 mbar a
(0.62 to 18.9 psi a)
0.16 to 5 bar a
(2.32 to 72.5 psi a)
1 to 30 bar a
(14.5 to 435 psi a)
Wetted parts materials
Seal diaphragm
Process connection
Stainless steel
Stainless steel
Hastelloy
Stainless steel
Hastelloy
Hastelloy
Process connection
Connection shank G1/2A to EN 837-1
Female thread 1/2-14 NPT
Oval flange of stainless steel, span: 160 bar (2320 psi) maximum
- Mounting thread 7/16-20 UNF to EN 61518
- Mounting thread M10 to DIN 19213
Additional selection: Add “–Z” to model number and specify Order Code
Acceptance test certificate to EN 10204-3.1
0
-
0DC0
1
3
D
F
G
H
A
B
C
0
1
2
3
Order Code
C12
TABLE 9-14 Measuring Cells for Absolute Pressure, Differential Const., Service Parts
DS III and DS III PA series, Differential Construction, 7MF4993Measuring cell filling
Measuring cell cleaning
Silicon oil
Normal
Inert liquid
Grease-free
Measuring span
8.3 To 250 mbar a
(0.12 To 3.63 psi a)
43 To 1300 mbar a
(0.62 To 18.9 psi a)
0.16 To 5 bar a
(2.32 To 72.5 psi a)
1 To 30 bar a
(14.5 To 435 psi a)
5.3 To 100 bar a
(76.9 To 1450 psi a)
Wetted parts materials
Seal diaphragm
Parts of measuring cell
Stainless steel
Stainless steel
Hastelloy
Stainless steel
Hastelloy
Hastelloy
Tantalum
Tantalum
Monel
Monel
Gold
Gold
Process connection
Female thread 1/4-18 NPT with flange connection
Sealing screw opposite process connection
- Mounting thread M10 to DIN 19213
- Mounting thread 7/16-20 UNF to EN 61518
Vent on side of process flange
- Mounting thread M10 to DIN 19213
- Mounting thread 7/16-20 UNF to EN 61518
Non-wetted parts materials
Stainless steel process flange screws
-
0DC0
1
3
D
F
G
H
K
E
A
B
C
E
H
L
0
2
4
6
2
See the next page for additional selections and data.
November 2010
9-31
Model Designations and Specifications
UMSITRPDS3-1
Additional selections and data below
Add “–Z” to the order number and specify Order Codes
O-rings for process flanges (instead of FPM (Viton)):
- PTFE (Teflon)
- FEP (with silicone core, approved for food)
- FFPM (Kalrez, compound 4079)
- NBR (Buna N)
Acceptance test certificate to EN 10204-3.1
Process connection G1/2A
Remote seal flanges; not with K01, K02 or K04
Vent on side for gas measurement
Process flanges
Without
With process flange made of:
- Hastelloy
- Monel
- Stainless steel with PVDF insert; PN 10 (MWP 145 psi) maximum, temperature of
medium 90°C (194°F) maximum
Order Code
A20
A21
A22
A23
C12
D16
D20
H02
K00
K01
K02
K04
TABLE 9-15 Measuring Cells for Pressure and Flow, Differential Const., Service Parts
DS III and DS III PA series, differential construction, 7MF4994Measuring cell filling
Measuring cell cleaning
Silicon oil
Inert liquid
Measuring span
PN 32 (MWP 464 psi)
PN 160 (MWP 2320 psi)
Normal
Grease-free
1 to 20 mbar (0.4 to 8 in H2O)
1 to 60 mbar (0.4 to 24 in H2O)
2.5 to 250 mbar (1 to 100 inH2O)
6 to 600 mbar (2.4 to 240 in H2O)
16 to 1600 mbar (6.42 to 640 inH2O)
50 to 5000 mbar (20 to 2000 inH2O)
0.3 to 30 bar (4.35 to 435 psi)
Wetted parts materials (stainless steel process flanges)
Seal diaphragm
Parts of measuring cell
Stainless steel
Stainless steel
Hastelloy
Stainless steel
Hastelloy
Hastelloy
Tantalum
Tantalum
Monel
Monel
Gold
Gold
Process connection
Female thread 1/4-18 NPT with flange connection
Sealing screw opposite process connection
- Mounting thread M10 to DIN 19213
- Mounting thread 7/16-20 UNF To EN 61518
Vent on side of process flange
- Mounting thread M10 to DIN 19213
- Mounting thread 7/16-20 UNF to EN 61518
Non-wetted parts materials
Stainless steel process flange screws
-
0DC0
1
3
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
A
B
C
E
H
L
0
2
4
6
2
See the next page for additional selections and data.
9-32
November 2010
UMSITRAPDS3-1
Model Designations and Specifications
Additional selections and data below
Add “-Z” to the order number and specify Order Codes
O-rings for process flanges (instead of FPM (Viton)):
- PTFE (Teflon)
- FEP (with silicone core, approved for food
- FFPM (Kalrez, compound 4079)
- NBR (Buna N)
Acceptance test certificate to EN 10204-3.1
Remote seal flanges; not with K01, K02 or K04
Vent on side for gas measurements
Stainless steel process flanges for vertical differential pressure lines; not with K01,
K02 or K04
Process flanges:
Without
With process flanges of:
- Hastelloy
- Monel
- Stainless steel with PVDF insert; PN 10 (MWP 145 psi) maximum, temperature of
medium 90°C (194°F) maximum
Order Code
A20
A21
A22
A23
C12
D20
H02
H03
K00
K01
K02
K04
TABLE 9-16 Measuring Cells for Differential Pressure and Flow, Service Parts
DS III and DS III PA series, differential construction, 7MF4995Measuring cell filling
Measuring cell cleaning
Silicone oil
Standard
Measuring span
2.5 To 250 mbar
(1 To 100 inH2O)
6 To 600 mbar
(2.4 To 240 inH2O)
16 To 1600 mbar
(6.42 To 642 inH2O)
50 To 5000 mbar
(20 To 2000 inH2O)
0.3 To 30 bar
(4.35 To 435 psi)
Wetted parts materials (Stainless steel process flanges)
Seal diaphragm
Parts of measuring cell
Stainless steel
Stainless steel
Hastelloy
Stainless steel
Gold
Gold
Process connection
Female thread 1/4-18 NPT with flange connection
Sealing screw opposite process connection
- Mounting thread M12 to DIN 19213
- Mounting thread 7/16-20 UNF to EN 61518
Vent on side of process flange
- Mounting thread M12 to DIN 19213
- Mounting thread 7/16-20 UNF to EN 61518
Non-wetted parts materials
Stainless steel process flange screws
-
0DC0
1
D
E
F
G
H
A
B
L
1
3
5
7
2
Additional selections and data below
Add “-Z” to the order number and specify Order Code(s)
O-rings for process flanges (instead of FPM (Viton)):
- PTFE (Teflon)
- FEP (with silicone core, approved for food)
- FFPM (Kalrez, compound 4079)
- NBR (Buna N)
Acceptance test certificate to EN 10204-3.1
Stainless steel process flanges for vertical differential pressure lines
Without process flange
November 2010
Order Code
A20
A21
A22
A23
C12
H03
K00
9-33
Model Designations and Specifications
UMSITRPDS3-1
TABLE 9-17 Measuring Cells for Filling Level, Service Parts
DS III and DS III PA series, 7MF4996Measuring cell filling
Measuring cell cleaning
Silicon oil
Standard
Rated measuring range
250 mbar
(3.63 psi)
600 mbar
(8.70 psi)
1600 mbar
(23.2 psi)
5 bar
(72.5 psi)
Wetted parts materials (stainless steel process flanges)
Seal diaphragm
Parts of measuring cell
Stainless steel
Stainless steel
Process connection, low pressure side
Female thread 1/4-18 NPT with flange connection
Sealing screw opposite process connection
- Mounting thread M10 to DIN 19213
- Mounting thread 7/16-20 UNF to EN 61518
Non-wetted parts materials
Stainless steel process flange screws
-
0DC0
1
D
E
F
G
A
0
2
2
Additional selections and data below
Add “-Z” to order number and specify Order Code(s)
O-rings for process flanges (instead of FPM (Viton)):
- PTFE (Teflon)
- FEP (with silicone core, approved for food)
- FFPM (Kalrez, compound 4079)
- NBR (Buna N)
Acceptance test certificate to EN 10204-3.1
Without process flanges
Order Code
A20
A21
A22
A23
C12
K00
TABLE 9-18 Electronics and Connecting Boards, Service Parts
Product description
SITRANS P DS III electronics module
SITRANS P DS III terminal board (for field terminal connections)
SITRANS P DS III digital display
9-34
Order Number
7MF4997-1DK
7MF4997-1DN
7MF4997-1BR
November 2010
UMSITRAPDS3-1
Model Designations and Specifications
9.7 ACCESSORIES
The following table lists some of the available accessories. Additional information about transmitter
accessories can be found in Siemens publication Field Instruments for Process Automation, Catalog FI01.
TABLE 9-19 Accessories
MODEL 7MF...
DESCRIPTION
4633, PART NUMBER
4812
4433,
4533
4033,
4233,
4333
Block & Bleed Valve
N
Y
N
7MF9011-4FA
Three-Valve Manifold, 316 SS
Y
N
N
7MF9411-5BA-Z + K36
External Transient Suppressor
Y
Y
Y
16346-9112
General Purpose Power Supply, 24 Vdc, 2A
Y
Y
Y
15124-1
Field Mounted Power Supply, 28 Vdc, 125 mA
Y
Y
Y
16055-299
PDM Single Tag Version (Software)
Y
Y
Y
TGX:PDM3HX060YA5
USB HART Modem
Y
Y
Y
7MF4997-1DB
Y = For use with transmitter model in table column head; N = not for use.
9.8 NETWORK TOPOLOGY
Point-to-Point
Transmitter Quantity...............................1
Network Signal and Connection .............Analog 4-20 mA, single current loop, see Figures 4-6, 47, and 4-8
Network Resistance ................................See Section 4.3.5
Multi-Drop
Transmitter Quantity...............................1-15
Network Signal and Connection .............Digital, parallel connected, see Figure 4-9
Network Resistance ................................See Section 4.3.5
9.8.1 Two-Wire Cable
Type .....................................................................Twisted single-pair, shielded, copper
Conductor Size for Network Length
Less than 5000 feet (1524 m) ........................24 AWG (0.23 mm2) minimum
More than 5000 feet (1524 m).......................20 AWG (0.56 mm2) minimum, 16 AWG (1.3 mm2)
maximum
Cable Capacitance................................................Refer to Section 4.3.6
Recommendation .................................................Belden 8641, 24 AWG (0.23 mm2)
Belden 8762, 20 AWG (0.56 mm2)
Length, Maximum................................................Refer to Section 4.3.6
November 2010
9-35
Model Designations and Specifications
UMSITRPDS3-1
9.9 HAZARDOUS AREA CLASSIFICATION
Table 9-20 lists the hazardous area classifications available at the time this manual was printed. Contact
your local Siemens representative or the factory for the latest classifications.
CE Approval - A Declaration of Conformity can be found on a later page in this section.
Intrinsically Safe Operation in a Hazardous Area
Operation is permitted only with circuits that are certified as intrinsically safe. The transmitter complies
with Category 1/2 and it may be installed in zone 0.
The EU type examination certificate applies to installation on the walls of containers and pipes that may
contain explosive gas/air or vapor/air mixtures only under atmospheric conditions (pressure: 12 psi to 16
psi, temperature: -20°C to +60°C (-4°F to +140°F)). The permissible ambient temperature range is -40°C
to +85°C (-40°F to +185°F), in explosion hazard areas (for T4) -40°C to +85°C (-40°F to +185°F).
The user may also apply the device in non-atmospheric conditions outside the limits set in the EC-Type
Examination Certificate, according to the conditions for use (explosive mixture) and if the required
additional security measures have been met. The limit values stated earlier in this section must be
observed in any case.
Installation in Zone 0
The installation must be adequately sealed (IP67 to EN 60 529). An industry standard (e.g. DIN, NPT)
threaded joint is suitable, for example.
When operating with intrinsically safe power supply units of the “ia” category, the explosion protection
does not depend on the chemical resistance of the seal diaphragm.
When operating with intrinsically safe power supply units of the “ib” category or for units with explosion
proof protection “Ex d” and simultaneous use in zone 0, the explosion protection of the transmitter
depends on chemical resistance of the diaphragm. Under these operating conditions, the transmitter may
be used only for those inflammable gases and liquids to which the diaphragms are adequately chemically
resistant to avoid corrosion.
WARNING
Explosion can cause death or serious injury.
Failure to observe the following precautions could result
in an explosion hazard.
Comply with the specifications of the examination certificate valid in your country.
9-36
November 2010
UMSITRAPDS3-1
Model Designations and Specifications
TABLE 9-20 Certificate and Approvals, All Models
Certificate and approvals
Classification according to pressure
equipment directive (DRGL 97/23/EC)
• Models 7MF4033, 7MF4233,
7MF4333, and 7MF4633
• Models 7MF4433 and 7MF4533
- PN 32/160 (MWP 464/ 2320 psi)
- PN 420 (MWP 6092 psi)
Explosion protection
• Intrinsic safety “i”
- Identification
- Permissible ambient temperature
- Connection
- Effective internal
inductance/capacitance
• Explosion Proof “d”
- Identification
- Permissible ambient temperature
- Connection
• Dust explosion protection, Zone 20
- Identification
- Permissible ambient temperature
- Surface temperature, maximum
- Connection
- Effective internal
inductance/capacitance
• Dust explosion protection, Zone 21/22
- Identification
- Connection
• Type of protection “n”, Zone 2
- Identification
• Explosion protection to FM
- Identification (XP/DIP) or (IS); (NI)
• Explosion protection to CSA
- Identification (XP/DIP) or (IS)
November 2010
For gasses of liquid group 1 and liquids of fluid group 1; complies with requirements
of Article 3, paragraph 3 (sound engineering practices)
For gasses of liquid group 1 and liquids of fluid group 1; complies with requirements
of Article 3, paragraph 3 (sound engineering practices)
For gasses of liquid group 1 and liquids of fluid group 1; complies with basic safety
requirements of Article 3, paragraph 1 (appendix 1); assigned to category III,
conformity evaluation module H by the TUV Nord.
PTB 99 ATEX 2122
Ex II 1/2 G EEx ia/ib IIB/IIC T6
-40 to +85°C (-40 to +185°F) temperature class T4
-40 to +70°C (-40 to +158°F) temperature class T5
-40 to +60°C (-40 to +140°F) temperature class T6
To certified intrinsically-safe circuits with maximum values: Ui = 30V, Ii = 100 mA,
Pi = 750 mW; Ri = 300 Ω
Li = 0.4 mH, Ci = 6 nF
PTB 99 ATEX 1160
Ex II 1/2 G EEx d IIC T4/T6
-40 to +85°C (-40 to +185°F) temperature class T4
-40 to +60°C (-40 to +140°F) temperature class T6
To circuits with values: UH = 10.5 to 45 Vdc
PTB 01 ATEX 2055
Ex II 1 D IP65 T 120°C
Ex II 1/2 D IP65 T 120°C
-40 to +85°C (-40 to +185°F)
120°C (248°F)
To certified intrinsically-safe circuits with maximum values: Ui = 30V, Ii = 100 mA,
Pi = 750 mW, Ri = 300 Ω
Li = 0.4 mH, Ci = 6 nf
PTB 01 ATEX 2055
Ex II 2 D IP65 T 120°C
To circuits with values: UH = 10.5 to 45 Vdc; P max =1.2W
TUV 01 ATEX 1696 X
Ex II 3 G EEx nA L IIC T4/T5/T6
Certificate of Compliance 3008490
CL 1, DIV 1, GP ABCD T4/T5/T6; CLII, DIV 1, GP EFG; CL III;
CL I, ZN 0/1 AEx ia IIC T4/T5/T6;
CL 1, DIV 2, GP ABCD T4/T5/T6; CL II, DIV 2, GP FG; CL III
Certificate of Compliance 1153651
CL 1, DIV 1, GP ABCD T4/T5/T6; CLII, DIV 1, GP EFG; CL III;
Ex ia IIC T4/T5/T6;
CL 1, DIV 2, GP ABCD T4/T5/T6; CL II, DIV 2, GP FG; CL III
9-37
Model Designations and Specifications
UMSITRPDS3-1
Comply with your country’s laws and regulations that apply to electrical installation in an explosive
environment.
Be sure that the available power supply complies with the specifications on the transmitter rating plate
and statements in the examination certificate in your country. Dust-proof protection caps in the cable
inlets must be replaced by suitable screw-type gland or dummy plugs that must be appropriately certified
for transmitters with explosion proof type of protection.
9.9.1 CSA Hazardous Locations Precautions
This section provides CSA hazardous location precautions that should be observed by the user when
installing or servicing the equipment described in this manual. These statements supplement those given
in the preceding section.
WARNING
Explosion can cause death or serious injury.
Failure to observe the following precautions could result
in an explosion hazard.
Precautions - English
For Class I, Division 1 and Class I, Division 2 hazardous locations:
• Use only factory-authorized replacement parts. Substitution of components can impair the suitability
of this equipment for hazardous locations.
For Division 2 hazardous locations:
When the equipment described in this Instruction in installed without safety barriers, the following
precautions should be observed. Switch off electrical power at its source (in non-hazardous location)
before connecting or disconnecting power, signal, or other wiring.
Précautions - Français
Emplacements dangereux de classe I, division 1 et classe I, division 2:
• Les pièces de rechange doivent être autorisées par l’usine. Les substitutions peuvent rendre cet
appareil impropre à l’utilisation dans les emplacements dangereux.
Emplacement dangereux de division 2:
Lorsque l’appareil décrit dans la notice ci-jointe est installé sans barrières de sécurité, on doit couper
l’alimentation électrique a la source (hors de l’emplacement dangereux) avant d’effectuer les opérations
suivantes branchment ou débranchement d’un circuit de puissance, de signalisation ou autre.
9-38
November 2010
UMSITRAPDS3-1
Model Designations and Specifications
CERTIFICATE OF NACE COMPLIANCE
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
1201 Sumneytown Pike
Spring House, PA 19477
certifies under its sole responsibility that a SITRANS DSIII Pressure Transmitter with one of the
following factory configured options
Wetted Parts Materials Code B (Hastelloy diaphragm with 316 stainless steel flanges)
DP Non-Wetted Materials Code 2 (stainless steel bolts with aluminum housing)
DP Non-Wetted Materials Code 3 (stainless steel bolts and housing)
Gauge Non-Wetted Materials Code 0 or 3 (aluminum or stainless steel housing)
is in compliance with NACE MR0175-96.
March 16, 2001
Christopher J. O’Brien
Director of Process Instrumentation
Siemens Energy & Automation
Process Industries Division
Spring House, PA 19477
Certificate of NACE Compliance
!
November 2010
9-41
Model Designations and Specifications
9-42
UMSITRPDS3-1
November 2010
UMSITRPDS-1
Glossary
10.0 GLOSSARY
Defined below are terms relevant to the SITRANS P DSIII transmitter, this User’s Manual, pressure
measurement technology, and HART networks.
Absolute (abs) Pressure – A pressure measured against absolute zero or a total vacuum as a reference.
The units of measurement are called absolute pressure units. For example: psia = pounds per square inch
absolute.
Adjust - Zero and full scale are adjusted using a single reference pressure. See Set.
Analog Signaling – A low-current signal of 4 to 20 mAdc from a field instrument to a primary master or
non-signaling hardware.
ANSI – American National Standards Institute
Application Point or Switch Point - The point at which the output current characteristic changes from
linear to square root when a square root output characteristic is selected (Modes 11 and 12).
AWG – American Wire Gauge
Barrier – A device designed to limit the voltage and current in a hazardous area even if certain types of
faults occur on the non-hazardous side of the barrier.
Barrier Resistance – The maximum end-to-end resistance of a barrier, as specified by the barrier
manufacturer. If both supply and return barriers are used in a network, the barrier resistance is the sum of
the end-to-end resistance of both barriers. For active barriers that use resistance to limit current, the
barrier resistance is the internal resistance between the hazardous area terminal and the barrier internal
node where voltage is regulated.
Blind - No reference pressure is applied.
Commissioning – Testing of a transmitter and associated loop to verify transmitter configuration and
loop operation (piping, valving, wiring, control algorithm, data logging, etc.).
Configuration – A database (or archive) created using a HART Communicator and downloaded to a
transmitter to define transmitter operation.
Configure/Configuring – The entering of specific parameter data into a HART Communicator to be
downloaded to a transmitter to define that transmitter’s operating characteristics.
Current Sense Resistor – The resistor in a network across which the field instrument (transmitter) signal
voltages are developed.
Damping – A user-selectable output characteristic that increases the response time of a transmitter to
smooth the output when the input signal contains rapid variations.
Digital Signaling – The high frequency HART signal.
Explosion-Proof Enclosure – An enclosure that can withstand the explosion of gases within it and
prevent the explosion of gases surrounding it due to sparks, flashes, or the explosion of the container
itself, and maintain an external temperature that will not ignite the surrounding gases.
November 2010
10-1
Glossary
UMSITRPDS3-1
Field Instrument – A network element that uses current variation for digital signaling or digital plus
analog signaling.
Gauge Pressure – A pressure measured against atmospheric or barometric pressure as a reference. The
units of measurement are called gauge pressure units. For example: psig = pounds per square inch gauge.
HART – Highway Addressable Remote Transducer – A communication protocol that provides
simultaneous analog and digital signaling between master and slave devices. It is supported by the HART
Communications Foundation.
HART Network – A single pair of cabled wires and the attached communicating HART elements.
Intrinsically Safe Instrument – An instrument that will not produce any spark or thermal effects under
normal or abnormal conditions that will ignite a specified gas mixture.
Keyboard or Magnetic Pushbuttons - Three pushbuttons or keys, located under a cover on the electrical
entrance portion of the transmitter enclosure and used for local configuration of the transmitter.
Leporello - The condensed transmitter user’s manual found inside the field terminals enclosure cap. A
book that unfolds in accordion fashion.
Lower Range Limit (LRL) – The lowest value of the measured variable that a transmitter or other
measurement device can be configured to measure.
Lower Range Value (LRV) – Representing the 4 mA point in the transmitter’s output, the LRV is the
lowest value of the measured value that the transmitter can be configured to measure.
MA or pmin- Minimum operating input pressure.
Magnetic Pushbuttons - See Keyboard.
Maximum Overrange – The maximum pressure (static + differential) that can be applied safely to a
transmitter.
ME or pmax - Maximum operating input pressure.
Measuring Cell - Sensor.
Multi-Drop Network – A HART network having from 1 to 15 field instruments that are parallel
connected on a single 2-wire cable. This network uses digital signaling only.
Network – A network includes the following items:
•
Transmitter(s)
•
Network element (controller, recorder, passive non-signaling element, or other device)
•
Cabling interconnecting these devices
•
Barriers for intrinsic safety, if installed
•
Current sense resistor
10-2
November 2010
UMSITRPDS-1
Glossary
Network Element – Any field instrument or primary or secondary master.
Network Resistance – The sum of the current sense resistance, barrier resistance, if any, and any other
resistance on the network.
NPT – National Pipe Thread
Point-To-Point Network – A network having a single field instrument and primary master. Analog
signaling or analog plus digital signaling is possible.
Polling Address – A unique number assigned during configuration that identifies a transmitter connected
to a network. An address between 1 and 15 assigned to a transmitter connected to a Multi-Drop network.
A transmitter connected to a Point-to-Point network has 0 as an address.
Primary Master – The single controlling network element that communicates with one or more field
instruments, such as a Model 353 Process Automation Controller.
Reranging – Changing a transmitter’s 4 and 20 mA settings (i.e., setting LRV and URV); this is a
configuration function.
Secondary Master – An occasional user of a network, such as the HART Communicator.
Sediment – Solid material that settles in a liquid or gas and can cause blockage that may affect pressure
measurement.
Sensor - Measuring cell
Set - Zero and full scale are set using two reference pressures. See Adjust.
Span – Algebraic difference between the upper and lower range values (URV and LRV).
Switch Point - See Application Point.
Transducer – A device that accepts an input, such as pressure, and converts that input into an output of
some other form, such as a voltage.
Upper Range Limit (URL) – The highest value of the measured variable that a transmitter can be
configured to measure.
Upper Range Value (URV) – Representing the 20 mA point in a transmitter’s output, this is the highest
value of the measured variable that the transmitter is currently configured to measure.
!
November 2010
10-3
Glossary
10-4
UMSITRPDS3-1
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Appendix A - Online Configuration Map
11.0 APPENDIX A - ONLINE CONFIGURATION MAP
This Appendix contains a detailed configuration map showing the available online configuration options
when using the Model 275 HART Communicator – see the Note below.
Note: The Configuration Map for the Model 375 Field
Communicator is shown at the back of this manual. Be
sure to read the manual supplied with the Model 375
before installing or using the device.
To use the map:
1. Connect the Model 275 HART Communicator to a powered SITRANS P DSIII transmitter. See
Section 2 Model 275 HART Communicator and Section 4 Installation.
2. Press the Communicator's I/O key to turn it on. A Communicator self-test routine will be initiated
and, upon successful completion, the Communicator will poll the connected transmitter(s).
3. When the Online menu appears, press 3 to access the Device Setup menu, if configuring or servicing
the transmitter.
Note that 5 items appear in the Device Setup menu. The first three: 1 Process Variables, 2
Diagnostics/Service, and 3 Basic Setup are mapped in Figure A-1 Part 1. The last two: 4 Detailed
Setup and 5 Review are mapped in Figure A-1 Part 2. The figures are on facing pages for ease of use.
November 2010
11-1
Appendix A - Online Configuration Map
1 Pressure +
2 Type +
3 Device setup
1 Process variables
2 Diagnostics/service
1 Pressure +
2 % range +
3 Analog output +
4 Sensor temperature +
1 Diagnosis
UMSITRPDS3-1
1 Min/max pointer
1 Pressure pointer
2 El Temperature pointer
3 Sensor Temperature pointer
2 Operating hours
3 Warnings/alarms
1 Operating hours E1
2 Operating hours S
1 W/A time unit
2 Calibrate interval
3 Service interval
4 AO saturation
4 Status
2 Simulation/Test
1 Simulation
2 Test
3 Control modes
4 Trim
5 Restore manufacturer
trims
6 All measured values
Continued in
Figure A-1
Part 2
3 Basic setup
1 Tag
2 (Engineering) Units
3 Position correction
4 LRV
5 URV
6 Damping
7 Transfer function
1 Pressure maximum
2 Pressure minimum
3 Reset pointer
1 E1 Temperature max
2 E1 Temperature min
3 Reset pointer
1 Sensor Temperature max
2 Sensor Temperature min
3 Reset pointer
1 Calibrate status
2 W/A acknowledge
3 Calibration timer >
4 Calibration warning
5 Calibration alarm
6 W/A activation
1 Service status
2 W/A acknowledge
3 Service timer
4 Service warning
5 Service alarm
6 W/A activation
1 Saturation alarm
2 Alarm duration
3 Alarm activation
1 Status summary
2 Hardware/Firmware status
3 Diagnostic alarm status
4 Diagnostic warning status
5 Simulation status
1 Loop Test
2 Inputs >
1 Self Test
2 Master reset
1 Local keys control mode
2 Write protect (status)
3 Set write protect (enable)
1 Position correction
2 Sensor trim
1 Sensor trim points
2 Zero trim
3 Lower sensor trim
4 Upper sensor trim
3 Trim analog output
1 D/A trim
2 Scaled D/A trim
1 All trims
2 DAC trims
3 Position correction
4 Sensor trim
1 Pressure +
2 Raw value
3 Sensor Temperature +
4 El Temperature +
5 AO +
Notes:
1. + = Active data displayed
2. HART Communicator, Rev 5; firmware Rev 2.2
3. > = To additional menu(s)
FIGURE 11-1 Online Configuration Map, Part 1 of 2
11-2
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Appendix A - Online Configuration Map
4 Detailed setup
See Note 4
1 Sensors
1 Pressure sensor
2 Temperature sensor
3 Device setup,
continued in
Figure A-1,
Part 1
2 Signal condition
1 Process variables
2 Position correction
3 Zero/span set
1 Pressure +
2 (Engineering) Units
1 Sensor temperature +
2 El temperature +
1 Pressure +
2 % range +
3 AO +
4 Sensor Temperature +
1 Keypad input
1 LRV
2 URV
3 Pressure (Eng.) Units
4 LSL
5 USL
2 Apply values
3 Output condition
4 Damping
5 Transfer function
6 Measuring speed
1 Analog output
2 HART output
4 Device information
1 Ranges and limits
2 Common device
information
3 Sensor information
4 Remote seal
5 Local meter
6 Revision numbers
5 Reviews
1 AO +
2 Pressure
3 Alarms >
4 Lower AO limit
5 Upper AO limit
1 Poll address
2 Num request preambles
3 Num response preambles
1 Module range
2 Pressure USL
3 Pressure LSL
4 Pressure minimum span
1 Manufacturer
2 Model
3 Measurement type
4 Device order number
5 Explosion protection
6 Device ID
7 Pressure sensor S/N
8 Final assembly number
9 Electrical connector
Electrical housing material
Write protect
Tag
Date
Descriptor
Message
1 Process connection
2 Flange type
3 Flange material
4 Process flange bolt
5 Isolator material
6 Fill fluid
7 O-ring material
8 Drain & vent/plug material
9 Drain & vent/plug position
1 RS type
2 RS isolator material
3 RS fill fluid
4 Number of remote seal
5 Extension length
1 Meter type
2 Unit tracking
3 Local display units
4 Bargraph
1 Universal rev.
2 Field device revision
3 Software revision
4 Hardware revision
Step through configuration
FIGURE 11-2 Online Configuration Map, Part 2 of 2
November 2010
11-3
Appendix A - Online Configuration Map
UMSITRPDS3-1
!
11-4
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Appendix B - Hazardous Area Installation
12.0 APPENDIX B - HAZARDOUS AREA INSTALLATION
This Appendix presents wiring and barrier selection information for installation of the transmitter in a
hazardous location.
The installer should carefully select barriers based on the required protection, loop wiring, manufacturer’s
barrier performance data, and the data in the control drawings in this section.
November 2010
12-1
Appendix B - Hazardous Area Installation
UMSITRPDS3-1
FIGURE 12-1 Control Drawing
12-2
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Appendix B - Hazardous Area Installation
FIGURE 12-2 Control Drawing
November 2010
12-3
Appendix B - Hazardous Area Installation
UMSITRPDS3-1
FIGURE 12-3 Control Drawing
12-4
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Appendix C - Elevation and Suppression Corrections
13.0 APPENDIX C - ELEVATION AND SUPPRESSION CORRECTIONS
When installing a transmitter to measure liquid level, configuration of the Sensor Input Block often must
include an adjustment for one of two conditions introduced by the mounting arrangement:
•
Elevated Span - The Lower Range Value (LRV) of the transmitter needs to be configured
above “0.” See Figure C-1.
Suppressed Span - The LRV of the transmitter needs to be configured below “0.” See
Figure C-2.
•
HP Shut-Off
Valve
Max. Range
Fill Connection
LP Shut-Off
Valve
Span
Vent
Min. Range
Max. Range
See
Section 9
Specifications
for range
limit.
Suppressed
Span
Span
Elevated Span: To
calculate maximum
distance, subtract
actual span setting
from range limit given
in specification.
MG00363b
Vent
HP
LP
Min. Range
LP line
filled with
condensate
HP Shut-Off
Valve
Distance X
MG00363b
HP
A. Elevated Span
LP
B. Suppressed Span
FIGURE 13-1 Elevation and Suppression Examples
A brief discussion of how to make adjustments for elevation and suppression follows. Then two examples
of the calculations needed to determine configuration parameters are given. Finally, a brief procedure that
does not involve calculations is provided.
13.1 HOW ADJUSTMENT IS MADE
Because the transmitter can handle elevation and suppression simply by setting parameters, it is not
necessary to introduce mechanical measures, such as installing piping backwards or adding additional
hardware.
The range of the transmitter can be set anywhere, forward or reverse acting, as long as the following
criteria are met:
LRL ≤ LRV ≤ URL
LRL ≤ URV ≤ URL
Span = [URV - LRV] ≥ Min Span
November 2010
13-1
Appendix C - Elevation and Suppression Correction
UMSITRPDS3-1
Note that the URL (Upper Range Limit), LRL (Lower Range Limit), and Min Span are transmitter
dependent.
13.2 ELEVATION CALCULATION EXAMPLE
Figure C-3 shows a sample transmitter installation.
1. Calculate the differential pressure as follows.
Max. Range
H2O
SpG=1.0
Pressure@DP = (H × SpG)High Side - (H × SpG)Low Side
100"
Min. Range
where H = Height
2. Calculate the LRV when the tank is empty.
120"
Vent
LRV = (120 × 1.0)High Side - (0 × 1.0)Low Side
LRV = +120 inH2O
MG00363b
3. Calculate the URV.
LP
HP
URV = LRV + Span
FIGURE 13-2 Elevation Calculation
URV = +120 + 100
URV = 220 inH2O
Therefore, transmitter range should be 120 to 220 inH2O.
13.3 SUPPRESSION CALCULATION EXAMPLE
Figure C-4 shows a sample transmitter installation.
1. Calculate the differential pressure as follows.
Pressure@DP = (H × SpG)High Side - (H × SpG)Low Side
where H = Height
2. Calculate the LRV when the tank is empty.
LRV = (0 × 1.0)High Side - (100 × 1.0)Low Side
Max. Range
Span
100"
H2O
SpG=1.0
Min. Range
HP
LP
MG00363b
LP Line
Filled with
Condensate
FIGURE 13-3 Suppression Calculation
LRV = -100 inH2O
3. Calculate the URV.
URV = LRV + Span
URV = -100 + 100
URV = 0 inH2O
Therefore, transmitter range should be -100 to 0 inH2O.
13-2
November 2010
UMSITRPDS3-1
Appendix C - Elevation and Suppression Corrections
13.4 RECOMMENDED METHOD
An alternative to making the above calculations and entering derived values is to shift the span directly
using the HART Communicator while adjusting the process levels.
1. Range the transmitter using the HART Communicator as for a zero-based span (e.g., 0-100 inH2O).
2. Install the transmitter on the process.
3. Fill the impulse pipe (wet legs) to the transmitter, but maintain the process at 0 (e.g., empty tank).
4. Perform one of the following:
• HART Communicator - From the Online menu, press 3 Device Setup, 3 Basic Setup, and then 4
LRV. Press ENTER to set the current pressure as the LRV. The configured span will be retained.
• Local Pushbuttons - Use the M pushbutton to select Mode 7. Set zero by simultaneously pressing
the ( and ' pushbuttons for 2 seconds; the selected current will appear in the display. The
configured span will be retained.
This completes the procedure.
!
November 2010
13-3
Appendix C - Elevation and Suppression Correction
13-4
UMSITRPDS3-1
November 2010
Online Configuration Map for Siemens SITRANS P DSIII
Pressure Transmitters (with Model 275 HART COMMUNICATOR)
1 Pressure +
2 Type +
3 Device setup
1 Process variables
2 Diagnostics/service
1 Pressure +
2 % range +
3 Analog output +
4 Sensor temperature +
1 Diagnosis
1 Min/max pointer
1 Pressure pointer
2 El Temperature pointer
3 Sensor temperature pointer
2 Operating hours
3 Warnings/alarms
1 Operating hours E1
2 Operating hours S
1 W/A time unit
2 Calibrate interval
3 Service interval
4 AO saturation
4 Status
2 Simulation/Test
1 Simulation
2 Test
3 Control modes
4 Trim
5 Restore manufacturer
trims
6 All measured values
Continued in
Figure A-1
Part 2
3 Basic setup
1 Tag
2 (Engineering) units
3 Position correction
4 LRV
5 URV
6 Damping
7 Transfer function
1 Pressure maximum
2 Pressure minimum
3 Reset pointer
1 E1 Temperature max
2 E1 Temperature min
3 Reset pointer
1 Sensor temperature max
2 Sensor temperature min
3 Reset pointer
1 Calibrate status
2 W/A acknowledge
3 Calibration timer >
4 Calibration warning
5 Calibration alarm
6 W/A activation
1 Service status
2 W/A acknowledge
3 Service timer
4 Service warning
5 Service alarm
6 W/A activation
1 Saturation alarm
2 Alarm duration
3 Alarm activation
1 Status summary
2 Hardware/Firmware status
3 Diagnostic alarm status
4 Diagnostic warning status
5 Simulation status
1 Loop test
2 Inputs >
1 Self test
2 Master reset
1 Local keys control mode
2 Write protect (status)
3 Set write protect (enable)
1 Position correction
2 Sensor trim
1 Sensor trim points
2 Zero trim
3 Lower sensor trim
4 Upper sensor trim
3 Trim analog output
1 D/A trim
2 Scaled D/A trim
1 All trims
2 DAC trims
3 Position correction
4 Sensor trim
1 Pressure +
2 Raw value
3 Sensor temperature +
4 El Temperature +
5 AO +
Notes:
1. + = Active data displayed
2. HART Communicator, Rev 5; firmware Rev 2.2
3. > = To additional menu(s)
Continued on other side.
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
Rev. 1, March 2001
1
Online Configuration Map for Siemens SITRANS P DSIII, Continued
4 Detailed setup
See Note 4
1 Sensors
1 Pressure sensor
2 Temperature sensor
3 Device setup,
continued in
Figure A-1,
Part 1
2 Signal condition
1 Process variables
2 Position correction
3 Zero/span set
1 Pressure +
2 (Engineering) Units
1 Sensor temperature +
2 El temperature +
1 Pressure +
2 % range +
3 AO +
4 Sensor Temperature +
1 Keypad input
1 LRV
2 URV
3 Pressure (Eng.) Units
4 LSL
5 USL
2 Apply values
3 Output condition
4 Damping
5 Transfer function
6 Measuring speed
1 Analog output
2 HART output
4 Device information
1 Ranges and limits
2 Common device
information
3 Sensor information
4 Remote seal
5 Local meter
6 Revision numbers
5 Reviews
1 AO +
2 Pressure
3 Alarms >
4 Lower AO limit
5 Upper AO limit
1 Poll address
2 Num request preambles
3 Num response preambles
1 Module range
2 Pressure USL
3 Pressure LSL
4 Pressure minimum span
1 Manufacturer
2 Model
3 Measurement type
4 Device order number
5 Explosion protection
6 Device ID
7 Pressure sensor S/N
8 Final assembly number
9 Electrical connector
Electrical housing material
Write protect
Tag
Date
Descriptor
Message
1 Process connection
2 Flange type
3 Flange material
4 Process flange bolt
5 Isolator material
6 Fill fluid
7 O-ring material
8 Drain & vent/plug material
9 Drain & vent/plug position
1 RS type
2 RS isolator material
3 RS fill fluid
4 Number of remote seal
5 Extension length
1 Meter type
2 Unit tracking
3 Local display units
4 Bargraph
1 Universal rev.
2 Field device revision
3 Software revision
4 Hardware revision
Step through configuration
„
2
Online Configuration Map for
Siemens SITRANS P DSIII Pressure Transmitter with
Model 375 Field Communicator
Notes:
1 Model 375 Field Communicator Firmware Rev. F1.6
2 Online 1
2
3
4
Pressure (PV) +
PV status
Module type
Identification
2 + = active data (measurement) display
M = method (i.e. short procedure)
1 Operation Unit
2 Device
3 Basic Parameters
5 Config Inp/Outp
1 Quick-Setup & Meas.
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
Tag
Ext (Long) Tag --> M
Descriptor
Message
Date
Manufacturer
Model
Device identification
Distributor
MLFB Order Number
Measurement type
Fabrication-No
Final asembly number
Sensor serial number
Revisions
Pressure unit
LSL (Lower Sensor Limit)
USL (Upper Sensor Limit)
Minimum Span
LRV (Lower Range Value)
URV (Upper Range Value)
Pressure damping
Pressure xfer function
PV, Current, Status
2 Meas.Val. & Status
1 MLFB Order No --> M
1
2
3
4
Universal rev.
Field device rev.
Software rev.
Hardware rev.
1
2
3
4
5
1
xfer = transfer
PV +
AO (analogue output) +
PV % range +
Status
see --->
Measurement type
Pressure Values
2 Temperature Values
3 Level, Vol, Mass Values
(shown if valid items)
4 Vol-, Mass- & Flow Values
(shown if valid items)
3 Quick-Setup
2 Input
Continued on pg 2
1 Config Pres/Temp
2 Display Process Variables
5 Appl & Stat
(shown if valid items)
1 Tag
2 Ext TAG --> M
3 PV is
4 PV unit
5 Position correction
6 LRV
7 URV
8 Pressure damping
9 Pressure xfer function
1 Pressure sensor
6 Diagnosis/Service
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
1
2
Pressure +
Pres status
Untrimmed pressure +
Untrimmed pres status
Sens-Temp +
Sens-Temp status
Electr-Temp +
Electr-Temp status
Level +
Level status
Volume +
Volume status
Mass flow +
Mass status
Vol-Flow +
Vol-Flow status
Mass-Flow +
Mass-Flow status
Customer Defined
Customer Defined Status
1 Position corr --> M
1 Pressure +
2 Untrimmed pres +
3 Pressure units
2 Temperature sensor
1 Sens-Temp +
2 Electr-Temp +
3 Temp units
3 Pres units
see -->
4 Temp units
see -->
1 Process variables
1
1
1
2
3
4
5
6
Page 1
Pressure sensor
Temperature sensor
PV measurement +
PV % range
AO
S Temperature +
El Temperature +
Untrimmed pressure +
1 Pres abs/rel
2 Pressure unit
3 Untrimmed pres unit
1 Sens-Temp unit
2 Electr-Temp unit
Online Configuration Map for
Siemens SITRANS P DSIII Pressure Transmitter with
Model 375 Field Communicator
5 Config Inp/Outp,
Continued
2 Input, Continued
3 Meas Switch/Mapper
1
2
3
4
5
6
measurement
PV is
SV is
TV is
QV is
(measurement) config
e.g. Level
1 Input scaling
2 Level scaling
e.g. Level scaling
3 Volume scaling
6 (measurement) config
e.g. Flow
1 Input scaling
2 Flow scaling
6 (measurement) config
e.g. Customer
1 Input scaling
3 Customer scaling
7 User linearization
if Level, Flow or Customer
this is valid - otherwise not
4 Meas.Limits & Span
1 Module range
2 Active Device Variables
1
2
3
4
1 Pressure
3 Electr-Temp
4 Untrimmed Pres
additional if measurement
is mapped to level
5 Level
additional if measurement
is mapped to level
6 Volume
additional if measurement
is mapped to level
7 Mass
additional if measurement
is mapped to flow
5 Vol-Flow
additional if measurement
is mapped to flow
6 Mass-Flow
additional if measurement
is mapped to customer
5 Customer
Page 2
Pres abs/rel
Pressure unit
Input LRV
Input URV
Level unit
Level LRV
Level URV
Volume unit
Vol LRV
Vol URV
Density unit
Density
Mass unit
Pres abs/rel
Pressure unit
Input LRV
Input URV
Vol flow unit
Vol flow LRV
Vol flow URV
Density unit
Density
Mass flow unit
Pres abs/rel
Pressure unit
Input LRV
Input URV
Cust unit (5 Ch)
Cust LRV
Cust URV
only if meas not pres
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
Pressure unit
Pres USL
Pres LSL
min span
Trimpoint sum
Sens-Temp unit
Sens-Temp USL
Sens-Temp LSL
Sens-Temp min.span
Electr-Temp unit
Electr-Temp USL
Electr-Temp LSL
Electr-Temp min.span
Untrimmed Pres unit
Untrimmed Pres USL
Untrimmed Pres LSL
Untr Pres min.span
Level unit
Level USL
Level LSL
Level min.span
Volume unit
Volume USL
Volume LSL
Volume min.span
Mass unit
Mass USL
Mass LSL
Mass min.span
Vol-Flow unit
Vol-Flow USL
Vol-Flow LSL
Vol-Flow min.span
Mass-Flow unit
Mass-Flow USL
Mass-Flow LSL
Mass-Flow min.span
(PV) unit
Customer USL
Customer LSL
Customer min. span
Special Curve status
-->
No curve points
Setup special char --> M
Display special char --> M
2 Sens-Temp
Continued on pg 3
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
1
2
3
2
3
3
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
2
3
3
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
Online Configuration Map for
Siemens SITRANS P DSIII Pressure Transmitter with
Model 375 Field Communicator
5 Config inp/outp,
Continued
3 Output
1 Analog output
1 Analog output +
2 Percent range +
3 Pres xfer function
NA/4 Startpoint square root
4/5 Zero and Span
5/6 Current Limits
6/7 Alarms / Failsafe
2 Sensor trim points
3 HART output
4 Local meter
1
2
3
4
5
Meter type
Unit tracking
Local Display unit
LCD Settings
Bargraph
6 Access Control
5 Mech. Construction
Mech = mechanical
1 No of electronic changes
2 Design
1
2
1
2
3
4 Electronic Connection
6 Diagnosis/Service
1 Status
1 Status summary
2 Extended device status
3 Hardw/Firmw status
4 Diag Alarm Status
5 Diag Warn Status
6 Simulation status
2 Device
1 Selftest/Reset
2 Sensor trim
1 Zero/Span set
1
2
1
2
3
Lower AO Limit
Upper AO Limit
AO Alarm / FS Type (Hi/Lo)
Alarm / FS LRV
Alarm / FS URV
1 LCD Scaling, if On:
2 LCD Unit
3 LCD LRV
4 LCD URV
1 Local keys control mode
2 Write protect
3 Set write protect --> M
1 Sensor
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
Process Connection
DrainVent / plug mat
DrainVent / plug pos
Process flange bolt
Flange type
Flange material
Electr housing material
Electr connection
1
2
3
#
1
2
#
1
2
#
1
2
3
1
2
3
4
1
2
RAM failure
ROM failure
Electronic EEPROM
List continues
Calibration Alarm
Service Alarm
List continues
Calibration Warning
Service warning
List continues
Pressure simulation
El simulation
Sensor temp simulation
Selftest --> M
Display Test --> M
Master reset --> M
Changes Config
Restore mfgr trims --> M
Sensor trim
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Fill fluid
Isolation material (diaphr)
O ring material
Module range
Number remote seal (RS)
RS type
RS isolator material
RS fill fluid
Extension length
Extension type
Capillary length
OFF = OK
ON = Problem
1 Config changed counter
mfgr = manufacturer
1 Sensor trim points
2 Sensor trim
3 Trim analog output
Continued on pg 4
3 Simulation/Test
4 Access Control
1 Out Scaling PV >1
2 Apply values >2
Lower sensor trim point
Upper sensor trim point
Polling address
Num request preambles
Num response preambles
2 Remote Seal
3 Process Connection
Linear
Sq Rt, lin to Strtpt
Sq Rt, 4 mA to Strtpt
Sq Rt, 2 steps lin to Startpt
4
1
2
1
2
3
Position correction
Loop test --> M
Inputs --> M
Local keys control mode
Write protect
Set write protect --> M
Page 3
3
1
2
1
Trimpoint summary
D/A trim --> M
Scaled D/A trim --> M
Position corr --> M
Simulation AO
Simulation Fixed / Ramp
1
2
1
2
3
Lower sensor trim point
Upper sensor trim point
Pres zero trim--> M
Lower sensor trim --> M
Upper sensor trim --> M
Online Configuration Map for
Siemens SITRANS P DSIII Pressure Transmitter with
Model 375 Field Communicator
6 Diagnosis/Service, 3 Diagnostic settings
Continued
1 W/A time unit
2 Calib interval
3 Service interval
4 AO saturation
5 Limiter setup
4 View
1 Operating hours
3 Min/Max pointer
W/A = warning/alarm
1 Calib status
2 W/A acknowledge --> M
3 Calib timer
4
5
6
1
2
3
Calib warning
Calib alarm
W/A activation
Service status
W/A acknowledge --> M
Service timer
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
1
Service warning
Service alarm
W/A activation
AO alarm type
Saturation alarm
Alarm duration
Alarm activation
Display limiter --> M
Setup limiter --> M
Limiter status --> M
Limiter: Ack W/A --> M
CmpCnt: Ack W/A --> M
Reset counter. --> M
Operating hours Electr
Operating hours Sensor
Pressure pointer
2 Electr-Temp pointer
3 Sens-Temp pointer
7 Certif & Approv
1 Explos. Protection
Certif=Certification
Explos = Explosion
Approv=Approval
1 Calib time
2 Reset timer --> M
1 Service time
2 Reset timer --> M
Ack = acknowledge
CmpCnt = Comparation Counter
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3
Pres max
Pres min
Reset pointer --> M
Electr-Temp max
Electr- Temp min
Reset pointer --> M
Sens-Temp max
Sens-Temp min
Reset pointer --> M
DSIII_375HARTRev2
Page 4