f o r
Macintosh
Plug-in Module FS 3.6
for CanoScan FS2710/CanoScan 2700F Film Scanner
Users Guide
How to Use this Guide
This guide describes how to use the Canon Plug-in module FS for Canon film scanners
(CanoScan FS2710/CanoScan 2700F).
Plug-in module FS is a plug-in module which can be used with Adobe®
Photoshop® (hereafter referred to as Photoshop). A plug-in module is used within an
application program to expand its functionality and cannot be used as a stand-alone
application. Before you use Plug-in module FS, read this guide and keep it close at hand
so you can use it for reference.
Where to Look
Quick Start Instructions
p. 8
The Quick Start Instructions are a brief summary of commands and procedures that
will assist in using Plug-in module FS immediately.
Installing Plug-in module FS (Required Reading)
p. 11
All users should read this section to learn the procedures for installing Plug-in module
FS software.
Scanning Preparations (Required Reading)
p. 15
All users should read this section to learn the procedures for adjusting film type,
magnification and scan mode settings in preparation for scanning.
Scanning (Required Reading)
p. 37
All users should read this section to learn the procedures for scanning and saving images.
Adjusting and Editing Scanned Images (Optional Reading)
p. 44
Read this section as necessary to learn how to adjust image attributes, such as
brightness and color tone.
About the Conventions Used in this Guide
The following symbols appear in this guide.
CAUTION:
This symbol is used to highlight procedural precautions and limitations. Always
read these topics to avoid errors.
HINT:
This symbol is used to present helpful hints and supplemental information.
Reading these topics is recommended to enhance your enjoyment of
Plug-in module FS.
2
2
Table of Contents
How to Use this Guide ........................................................................................... 2
Table of Contents ................................................................................................... 3
Control Panel Features ........................................................................................... 5
Scanning Procedures .............................................................................................. 6
Plug-in module FS Special Features ......................................................................... 7
Quick Start Instructions .......................................................................................... 8
STEP 1 Installing Plug-in module FS ........................................................ 11
Installing Plug-in module FS .................................................................................. 12
STEP 2 Scanning Preparations ................................................................ 15
Displaying the Plug-in module FS Control Panel .................................................... 16
Selecting a Film Type ............................................................................................ 18
Previewing ........................................................................................................... 19
Setting the Scan Mode ......................................................................................... 20
Selecting the Output Device ................................................................................. 23
Setting the Magnification ..................................................................................... 24
Setting Preferences ............................................................................................... 26
Output Device ................................................................................................. 26
Aspect Ratio .................................................................................................... 28
Unit ................................................................................................................ 30
Preview Window Size ...................................................................................... 31
Selecting the Scan Settings .............................................................................. 32
Return to Default Settings ............................................................................... 33
Setting the Auto Eject Function ............................................................................ 34
Verifying the Image Before Scanning .................................................................... 35
STEP 3 Scanning ....................................................................................... 37
Scan Area Settings ............................................................................................... 38
Zooming .............................................................................................................. 39
Scanning .............................................................................................................. 41
Rotating or Reversing Images Before Scanning ..................................................... 42
Saving Scanned Images ........................................................................................ 43
3
3
STEP 4 Adjusting and Editing Scanned Images ..................................... 44
Optimum Adjustments for Image Quality ............................................................. 45
Color Correction .................................................................................................. 46
Color Correction - Histogram Setting .................................................................... 48
Color Correction - Brightness and Contrast Settings ............................................. 50
Color Correction - Color Balance .......................................................................... 52
Color Correction - Tone Curve Settings ................................................................. 54
Color Correction - Gamma Value Settings ............................................................ 56
Color Correction - Threshold ................................................................................ 58
Film Correction - Focus Correction ........................................................................ 60
Film Correction — Exposure Adjustment .............................................................. 62
Auto Tone Correction (ColorSync™) ..................................................................... 64
Saving / Recalling Settings .................................................................................... 65
Editing Scanned Images ....................................................................................... 67
Appendices ................................................................................................ 68
Troubleshooting ................................................................................................... 69
Error Messages ..................................................................................................... 71
List of Film Types <2700F only> ............................................................................ 72
Glossary ............................................................................................................... 73
Index (A - F) ......................................................................................................... 75
Index (G - S) ......................................................................................................... 76
Index (T - Z) .......................................................................................................... 77
Canon Customer Support Help Desk .................................................................... 78
4
4
Control Panel Features
Refer to the following pages for descriptions of the control panel menus and buttons
that you will be using in Plug-in module FS.
➜ p. 61
➜ p. 34
➜ p. 62
➜ p. 65
➜ p. 46
➜ p. 64
➜ p. 26
Close Box
➜ p. 16
➜ p. 18
➜ p. 20
➜ p. 23
➜ p. 24
➜ p. 30
➜ p. 22
Preview
Window
➜ p. 19
180˚ and 90˚ Clockwise Rotation, 90˚ Counterclockwise
Rotation, and Reverse Buttons ➜ p. 42
Preview Button
➜ p. 19
Scan Button
➜ p. 41
Eject Button ➜ p. 34
Zoom In Button ➜ p. 39
Zoom Out Button ➜ p. 40
Zoom Reset Button ➜ p. 40
Auto Correction Button ➜ p. 49
Color Correction Button ➜ p. 46
Browser Button ➜ p. 35
HINT
In this guide, menu items are marked in the following manner:
Select [Load] from the [File] menu.
5
5
Scanning Procedures
Follow these procedures to use Plug-in module FS.
Has the scanner been attached?
S T E P
Refer to the Getting Started
Guide that accompanied
your scanner for attachment
instructions.
1
Install the Plug-in module FS Software ➜ p. 11
S T E P
2
Prepare for Scanning ➜ p. 15
• Select a Film Type
• Preview
• Set the Scan Mode
• Select the Output Device
• Set the Magnification
• Set Preferences
• Set the Auto Eject Function
p. 18
p. 19
p. 20
p. 23
p. 24
p. 26
p. 34
Verify the Image Before Scanning
(Browser Window) ➜ p. 35
Are the Brightness and Color Satisfactory?
S T E P
4
Adjust and Edit Scanned Images
➜ p. 44
S T E P
3
Scan ➜ p. 37
• Scan Area Settings
• Zooming
• Scanning
• Rotate or Revers the Image
Before Scanning
• Save the Scanned Image
6
p. 38
p. 39
p. 41
p. 42
p. 43
6
• Histogram
• Brightness and Contrast
• Color Balance
• Tone Curve
• Gamma Value
• Threshold
• Focus Correction
• Exposure Adjustment
• Auto Tone Correction
p. 48
p. 50
p. 52
p. 54
p. 56
p. 58
p. 60
p. 62
p. 64
If the current brightness
and color pose no problem,
there is no need to adjust
these settings.
Plug-in module FS Special Features
• See the Results of Adjustments Immediately (Dynamic Preview)
Once in preview mode, the results of adjustments to scan mode settings and colors are
promptly reflected in the preview image. Highly detailed adjustments can be performed
easily because you can see the results of your changes as they are executed.
▼
▼
▼
• Supports ColorSync™ 2.0 Auto Tone Correction
Supports the ColorSync™ function. Achieves superior color quality by automatically
compensating for and aligning the tones of various devices, such as scanners, color
displays and color printers.
▼
▼
▼
• Browser Function Permits Confirmation of the Real Image
Before Scanning
The Browser function lets you check the image to be scanned in detail before commencing the scan. This function presents a much higher quality image than the preview function.
▼
▼
▼
• Histogram Function Generates Clear Contrast
Easy procedures produce half-tone gradations that are remarkably crisp and clear.
▼
▼
▼
• Tone Manipulation Function Lets You Fine-Tune Color
Balance colors with the Tone Curve. Plug-in module FS provides you with three ways to
set the Tone Curve and achieve accurate, detailed color balance.
▼
▼
▼
• Edit Scanned Images With Adobe Photoshop
Images scanned with Plug-in module FS can be processed directly by Adobe Photoshop
because Plug-in module FS is a plug-in module used within the Photoshop program.
7
7
Quick Start Instructions
Those who wish to start scanning immediately should follow the procedures below. If
you require further information at any stage, read the pages referenced at each step.
Installing Plug-in module FS
1
(1) Place the CanoScan Setup Utility CD-ROM in the CD-ROM Drive.
(2) Follow the instructions on the screen to complete the installation of
PhotoShop LE and Plug-in module FS.
Starting Plug-in module FS
2
p. 12
1. Install Plug-in module FS.
p. 17
1. Select [CanonPI FS 3.6] from within Photoshop and display the
Plug-in module FS control panel.
• Plug-in module FS is a plug-in module and cannot be run as a standalone application. Photoshop Ver. 3.0 or later or Photoshop LE provided with the package must be previously installed before you can run
Plug-in module FS.
Selecting the Film Type
p. 18
1. Select the film type that you intend to use.
3
Previewing
4
p. 19
1. Place the film in the scanner.
2. Click on the [Preview] button.
• Plug-in module FS will read the film and show the results in the Preview
window.
Preview Window
➟
8
8
Determining the type of image that is required.
5
pp. 20 - 34
• Here are a few things you should consider when you determine the
type of image you need.
Image type (p. 18), Output device (p. 23), Size (p. 24),
Preferences (p. 26), Film position after scanning (p. 34)
Verifying Image Quality with the Browser Function Before Scanning
6
p. 35
1. Click on the [Browser] button.
• The selection tool will appear on the Preview window to enable a
portion of the image to be selected.
Selection Frame
Pointer
When you move the
pointer, the selected frame
also moves.
➟
2. Move the selection tool to specify the area of the image you
want verified and click the mouse button.
• Plug-in module FS will read the image and display the browser image.
3. After you have examined the browser image, click the mouse
anywhere.
• The browser image will close.
Specifying the Area of the Image to be Scanned
7
p. 38
1. Select the area to be scanned by clicking and dragging the
mouse pointer over the image.
• You may find it convenient to use the zoom feature to select small areas
or to select specific scan areas with precision (p.39).
9
9
Scanning the Image
8
p. 41
1. Click on the [Scan] button.
➟
• Plug-in module FS will scan the image.
• When the image is acquired, the control panel closes if it is set for
closing after scanning in Plug-in module FS. If the control panel is not
set for closing after scanning in Plug-in module FS, the control panel
remains open so you can continue to scan. (p. 27)
• You may rotate the image using Plug-in module FS and then initiate the
scan (p. 42).
Saving the Scanned Image
9
p. 43
1. Save to the target folder with the file name, file type, and
other file options you have selected in Photoshop.
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10
S T E P
1
Installing Plug-in module FS
Step 1 presents the installation procedures for the Plug-in module FS software.
You only have to follow the displayed messages of the CanoScan Setup Utility CD-ROM to
complete the simple installation procedure.
Place the Setup Utility CD-ROM in the CD-ROM Drive.
Install Photoshop LE and Plug-in module FS.
11
11
p. 13
p. 14
S T E P
1
Installing Plug-in module FS
To use the Plug-in module FS program, first you must install it on your hard disk.
Caution
Before you can install Plug-in module FS, you must have installed Photoshop
(Ver. 3.0 or higher) on your hard disk. Install this program before attempting to
install Plug-in module FS. If nothing has been installed beforehand, install
Photoshop LE provided with the package.
Operating Environment
Hardware
A Macintosh or Power Macintosh with a CD-ROM drive and hard disk
drive. (Use on Macintosh compatibles cannot be guaranteed)
Main Memory
Minimum of 16 MB
Application Software
Adobe Photoshop (Ver. 3.0 or higher)
Display
16-tone grayscale-capable monitor (32,000-color-capable monitor
recommended). Black and white and 4-tone monochrome monitors
cannot be used.
System Software
System 7.1 or later (Not native Power PC application)
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S T E P
Procedure
Place the CanoScan Setup Utility CD-ROM in the CD-ROM drive.
Double-click the CanoScan Setup Utility CD-ROM icon.
Double-click the Setup icon.
➟
The installer on the CanoScan Setup Utility CD-ROM starts.
Click the Install Software item.
13
13
1
S T E P
1
In the Install panel, select Photoshop LE and ScanExpert FS 3.6.
If Version 3.0 or later of Photoshop is installed, you do not need to select Photoshop
LE for installation.
Click the appropriate
check boxes.
Click the Start Installation button at the lower right.
The installer program will now start and continue without interruption. Follow the
instructions on the screen to complete the installation.
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14
S T E P
2
Scanning Preparations
Step 2 presents the essential preparations for scanning. The following
procedures are explained on the indicated pages.
Displaying the Plug-in module FS Control Panel
p. 16
Selecting a Film Type
p. 18
Loading the Film and Previewing the Image
p. 19
Setting the Scan Mode
p. 20
Selecting the Output Device
p. 23
Setting the Magnification
p. 24
Setting the Preferences
p. 26
Output Device (p. 26)
Aspect Ratio (p. 28)
Unit (p. 30)
Preview Window Size (p. 31)
Scan Settings (p. 32)
Return to Default Settings (p. 33)
Setting the Auto Eject Function
p. 34
Verifying the Image Before Scanning
p. 35
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15
S T E P
2
Displaying the Plug-in module FS Control Panel
All scanning operations are performed with the Plug-in module FS control panel.
To quit Plug-in module FS, click on the close box at the top left of the control panel.
Film type, scan mode, color correction, output device, resolution and magnification settings.
Close Box
Quit Plug-in module FS.
Menu Bar
Click on any menu item to display more
options in a pull-down menu.
Preview Window
Displays the image in preview mode.
Buttons
Use these buttons to eject the film rotate
images, change the zoom setting adjust the
histogram, preview and scan images.
RGB Display
The image display size and required disk
When a color image is displayed in the Preview
space that were specified in the Preview
window, the color balance (RGB values) is
window are automatically displayed here.
displayed here for the area of the image where
the pointer is positioned.
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16
S T E P
2
Operating Procedures
Verify that the scanner is attached to your computer and that its power
switch has been activated.
Read the Quick Start Instructions for directions to connect the scanner (p. 8).
Start Photoshop.
Select Plug-in module FS from within Photoshop.
Select [File] from the menu bar and choose the [Import] and [CanonPI FS 3.6]
options in succession.
➟
The Plug-in module FS control panel will appear.
17
17
S T E P
2
Selecting a Film Type
You can select the type of film for scanning. By selecting the correct film type, you also
select the optimum method of color correction.
Procedure
Click the Film Type box on the control panel and select the film type.
Click the box to open the pull-down menu.
Hint
• For a slide mount select, 35 mm Color Pos.
• To change the film type, execute preview again.
Film Characteristics
The various film types have distinctly different characteristics. Exposure latitude, for
example, is not the same for negative and positive films. Negative films provide greater
latitude because the exposure can be adjusted when prints are made. Positive films
require greater precision when a picture is taken. In addition, positive film can produce
a starker contrast between shadows and highlights without producing sepia tones.
18
18
S T E P
2
Previewing
Before an image is scanned, it is advisable to preview the image. The Preview function
will read the image once and present the entire film image in the Preview window. Use
the Preview window to review the image as it will be scanned and to make any required adjustments to the color balance or scan area.
Operating Procedures
Place the film in the scanner.
• Either 35 mm film, slide mounted film, or IX240 film can be placed in the scanner.
For instructions on placing the film in the scanner, please refer to the “Placing
Film” section of the Getting Started Guide.
Click on the [Preview] button.
• The film will be read and the image will appear in the Preview window.
➟
Hint
• The Preview window can be adjusted to a larger size (p. 31).
• The Dynamic Preview function enables changes to settings, such as the scan
mode and brightness, to be immediately reflected in the preview image.
• Nevertheless, the preview image provides only an approximation of the scan
and the final results may differ to some degree from the preview image.
• Be sure to re-click the Preview button and to check the preview image each
time you replace a film or change a film type setting.
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19
S T E P
2
Setting the Scan Mode
When an image is scanned, it is read as a collection of “dots.” The scan mode that is
selected determines how each of these dots is represented in the output. The following
five scan modes are available.
Black & White Mode
The Black & White mode can reproduce a dot as either black or white. Half-tone
colors, such as gray, are automatically reproduced as either black or white also.
Consequently, the Black & White mode is more suited to textual documents or line
drawings than complex images with color gradations.
8bit Grayscale Mode
In the 8bit Grayscale mode, each dot is formed by assigning it eight individual “bits”
of data. By combining these bits in various different ways, a dot can be expressed in
256 distinct shades. Photographic images are reproduced relatively naturally in this
mode, but the file size is much larger than that produced by the Black & White mode.
12bit Grayscale Mode (FS2710 only)
In the 12bit grayscale mode, each dot is formed by assigning it 12 bits. In this
mode one dot can be expressed in 4,096 individual shades. The size of an image
saved in this mode is approximately twice the size of an 8bit grayscale mode image.
However, the displayed image is the same as the 8bit grayscale mode image because the difference in the image quality cannot be accurately reproduced on the
screen. Use this mode when you need an monochrome image with finely attenuated shades of gray.
20
20
24bit Color Mode
In the 24bit Color mode, each dot is formed by assigning it eight bits to represent
each of the RGB or red, green and blue colors, which add up to 24 bits. In this mode,
a dot can be expressed in approximately 16,770,000 distinct shades. This mode is
useful for reproducing color prints, but generates files that are even larger than the
12bit Grayscale mode. Use this mode when the image is to be printed on a color
printer.
36bit Color Mode (FS2710 only)
In this mode, each dot is formed by assigning it 12 bits to represent each of the
RGB colors, which add up to 36 bits. This mode creates a color smoother than the
color created with the 24bit color mode. The size of an image saved in this mode is
approximately twice the size of a 24bit color image. However, the displayed image
is the same as the 24bit color mode because the difference in image quality cannot
be accurately reproduced on the screen. Use this mode when you need a color
image with finely attenuated color tones.
Caution
• If you are using a software application which cannot handle 12bit grayscale or
36bit color images and you attempt to scan a 12bit grayscale or 36bit color
image, your system may hang up. Before you attempt to scan images in these
formats, refer to your software application user’s manual to confirm whether
or not your application can handle such images. Photoshop version 4.0 or
later, and Photoshop LE provided with the package, can handle 12bit
grayscale and 36bit color images.
Hint
• If you scan an image in 36bit color with Photoshop, which is compatible with
36bit color, the image is scanned as a 16bit Channel Mode image.
• If you are using the 2700F, you cannot select the 12bit Grayscale mode or the
36bit Color mode.
• If you are using monochrome film, you cannot select the 24bit Color mode or
36bit Color mode.
21
21
S T E P
2
To Set the Scan Mode
Select the Scan Mode box on the control panel and choose the desired scan
mode.
Click the box to open the
pull-down menu.
Hint
Scanning the same image in the five different scan modes produces different
file sizes. By size, Black & White mode requires the least disk space, followed in
order by the 8bit Grayscale and 12bit Grayscale modes and the 24bit Color and
36bit Color modes. Before scanning, check the data volume indicator on the
control panel.
The numerator indicates the amount of disk
space required for the scanned image while
the denominator indicates the amount of disk
space available. When the required space
exceeds the available space, the scan button is
unavailable.
Caution
• Even if the indicator shows there is not enough space available, there may be
occasions when you can click the scan button but the system will return an
error (Insufficient memory). (See Troubleshooting p. 69)
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22
S T E P
2
Selecting the Output Device
Follow the procedures below to select the output device for scanned images.
Click on the Output Device box on the control panel to select the name
corresponding to the output device in use.
Click on the Output Device box to
open the pull-down menu.
Hint
The devices appearing in the Output Device pull-down menu can be
specified by the user. Settings can also be specified for devices that are
not already represented in the default list. See Procedures for Setting
the Output Device List (p. 26).
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23
S T E P
2
Setting the Magnification
The magnification of an image can be changed before scanning to accommodate
reproductions that are larger or smaller than the original. The settings can be changed in
increments of 1%.
Scans with 200% vertical,
horizontal magnification
Scans with 50% vertical,
horizontal reduction
Changing the magnification setting causes the resolution display on the control panel to
change correspondingly. This resolution setting is referred to as the “scanning resolution.”
Output Device Resolution= 360 dpi, Magnification= 100%
Magnification
changed to
50%
Magnification
Scanning Resolution
The scanning resolution changes
accordingly.
Hint
Magnification and Resolution
Why does the image size change with the magnification? Let us answer this
with an example using an “Printer (360 dpi)” output device. If you were to scan
an image with this device setting and set the magnification factor to 50%, the
scanning resolution will automatically change to 180 dpi. At this setting, the
image will be scanned at a resolution of 180 dpi and the output device will
convert this to 360 dpi, shrinking the size of the output in the process because it
will only have half the data with which to fill the space.
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24
S T E P
2
To Set the Magnification Factor
Set the desired magnification factor on the control panel.
Slider
Drag the slider bar in
either direction or use
the arrow keys to
change the resolution.
Click here to return the magnification factor to 100%.
Click inside these boxes to enter values
directly.
Hint
The Relationship Between Data Volume and Scanning Resolution
The higher the magnification and scanning resolution settings, the greater the
file size of scanned images. There are certain inconveniences associated with
overly large data volume, such as the inability to fit a file on a single floppy disk
and the risk of causing a temporary computer slowdown by
overwhelming its processing capabilities. A typical 35 mm
29.5 MB
picture scanned with the 24bit Color mode may produce files in the
following sizes, which correspond to the scanning
resolutions shown.
7.3 MB
35 mm Film
1.8 MB
116 KB
463 KB
170 dpi
340 dpi
680 dpi
1360 dpi
2720 dpi
* These numbers are approximate estimates and may differ from actual scan results.
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25
S T E P
2
Setting Preferences
The operating environment can be
adjusted to accommodate preferences for the type of output device,
the aspect ratio, the units for sizing
images, the size of the preview
window and the scan settings.
Default factory settings for these
categories can also be easily reset.
Adjustments are made to the operating environment with the [Preferences] menu on the control panel.
➜ p.
➜ p.
➜ p.
➜ p.
➜ p.
➜ p.
26
28
30
31
32
33
Output Device
Sets the type of output devices that will appear in the Output Device Settings pulldown menu.
Output Device Setting Dialog Box
The selected items appear in the pulldown menu.
Click on the [Preferences] menu in the control panel and select [Output
Device].
The Output Device Settings dialog box will appear.
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26
S T E P
2
Select the appropriate devices from the list.
Output Device Settings Dialog Box
You may specify a device that was
not originally included in the list.
Use the [Add] button to specify the
name and resolution of a new
device.
You can edit the settings specified
for a new device with the [Edit]
button.
Select a device by clicking on its name. A check
mark will appear beside the selected devices.
Deselect a device by clicking its name again. You
may not deselect [File (2720 dpi)]. Always ensure
that a check mark appears beside this item.
Click on the [OK] button.
27
27
You can delete a new output device
from the list with the [Remove]
button.
S T E P
2
Aspect Ratio
The aspect ratio can be set to any of the following:
• Independent
When resizing the scan area, the width and height can be
altered freely.
• Constrained
When resizing the scan area, the width and height are set at
fixed proportions so that the shape remains constant over
different sizes. This feature is convenient for working with
particular film formats. The following constrained settings are
available:
• Custom
Any ratio may be specified.
• Classic (C Type)
The width-to-height ratio is 3 to 2.
• Panorama (P Type)
The width-to-height ratio is 3 to 1.
• Hi-Vision TV (H Type)
The width-to-height ratio is 16 to 9.
Classic (C Type)
Panorama (P Type)
Hi-Vision TV (H Type)
Click on the [Preferences] menu in the control panel and select [Aspect
Ratio].
The Aspect Ratio dialog box will appear.
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28
S T E P
2
Select the desired settings.
Aspect Ratio Dialog Box
Click this box to open the pull-down
menu .
If the Constrained setting is selected
above, this item becomes active and will
display the pull-down menu below when
clicked.
If the Constrained and Custom settings
are selected, values for width and height
can be input here.
Click on the [OK] button.
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29
S T E P
2
Unit
Specifies the units that define the size of the scanned image.
Unit Dialog Box
The units displayed in this section of the control panel will change.
Click on the [Preferences] menu in the control panel and select [Unit].
The Unit Settings dialog box will appear.
Select the desired settings.
Unit Settings Dialog Box
Click on the [OK] button.
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30
S T E P
2
Preview Window Size
Specifies the size of the image window and whether or not the operation panel is
closed after scanning. Also specifies whether the currently displayed image is saved in
the default file or the setting file.
Click on the [Preferences] menu in the control panel and select [Preview
Window].
The Preview Window Settings dialog box will appear.
Set the file size and preview image save
option.
Click the appropriate check box or radio
button.
Preview Window Settings Dialog Box
Click on the [OK] button.
Caution
• Changing the Preview window size will cause the image previously displayed
in the Preview window to disappear.
• The [486 x 324] option may not be available for displays of certain sizes.
Hint
• If the “Save preview in default setting file” option is selected, the last preview
image will appear in the Preview window when Plug-in module FS is launched
again after quitting once.
• If the “Save preview in setting file” option is selected, the preview image will
be saved in a settings file. This is convenient when you wish to keep the
settings associated with a particular image.
• Difference Between the Preferences File and Settings Files.
Plug-in module FS creates two kinds of files to keep track of settings. The
various settings that are adjusted with the control panel are automatically
saved in the default setting file, which is located in the System folder. These
settings determine how Plug-in module FS behaves when it is restarted. In
contrast, settings files are intended for saving particular groups of settings
that are used often. The names of settings files can be freely chosen by the
user. See Saving/Recalling Settings (p. 65).
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S T E P
2
Selecting the Scan Settings
Plug-in module FS generally adjusts the auto exposure and auto focus settings at the
preview stage. You can also have it adjust these settings at the other stages. This results
in a better image, but scanning and browsing may require more time. To have it adjust
the settings at all stages, enable the [Set Exposure Value and Focus Value when Scanning] option with the procedures below.
Click on the [Preferences] menu and select [Scan Settings].
The Scan Settings dialog box will appear.
Click on the check box to insert an X beside the [Set Exposure Value and
Focus Value when Scanning] option.
Scan Settings Dialog Box
Click on the check box to insert an X.
Click on the [OK] button.
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Return to Default Settings
Returns the preference settings and all other settings to the factory default settings.
The table lists the major default settings.
Scan Mode ........................................................... 24bit Color
Magnification ...................................................... 100%
Histogram ............................................................ Highlight: 255, Shadow: 0
Color Correction .................................................. Gamma Value (1.4)
Color Correction Brightness/Contrast ................... Brightness: 0, Contrast: 0
Color Correction Color Balance ............................ 0
Color Correction Tone Curve ................................ Straight line
Color Balance Threshold ...................................... 128
ColorSync ............................................................ Off
Auto Focus ........................................................... On
Auto Eject ............................................................ On
Film Type Setting .................................................. 35 mm Color Neg.
Unit ..................................................................... Pixels
Output Device ...................................................... File (2720 dpi)
Preview Window .................................................. Normal
Driver after scanning ............................................ Close
Set Exposur Value and Focus Value when scanning . Enabled
Control Panel Position .......................................... Center
Click on the [Preferences] menu in the control panel and select [Resets
Default Settings].
The Default Settings dialog box will appear.
Click the [Yes] button to reset the default settings.
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Setting the Auto Eject Function
After a film has been scanned, it can be ejected from the scanner automatically with
the Auto Eject function. The film is ejected to a position approximately 1 centimeter
ahead of its normal position, making it easier to remove from the scanner. The default
factory setting is Auto Eject = On. If you wish to scan the same piece of film repeatedly,
it is advisable to set the Auto Eject setting to Off to speed up the process.
To Set the Auto Eject Function
Select the [Film] menu from the control panel and choose [Auto Eject].
Clicking on Auto Eject places or removes the check mark to its left. A check mark
indicates that Auto Eject is active while no check mark indicates that is off.
Hint
• When the Auto Eject function is off and you wish to eject the film, click the
[Eject] button.
• The Auto Eject function takes effect only after the scan is complete. The film
does not automatically return to the eject position after the preview, browser
or zoom functions.
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Verifying the Image Before Scanning
Before initiating the final scan, it is advisable to check the intended results with the
Browser function. The image in the Browser window is more accurate than the one in
the Preview window, allowing you to verify the results more precisely before scanning.
To Verify the Image
Before scanning, set the image type, output device, magnification, operating environment, and preference. (pp. 26-34).
Click on the [Browser] button.
• The Selection Tool will appear in the Preview window to enable a portion of the
image to be selected.
• The size and shape of the Selection Tool cannot be changed because it is automatically determined by the scanning resolution setting.
➟
Selection Tool
Hint
The Browser button is disabled when the image area is too small (less than 64 x
64 pixels).
Place the mouse cursor inside the selection frame.
• The mouse cursor will change to a [+] shape.
Move the Selection Tool to the desired position with the mouse cursor.
• Moving the mouse will move the Selection Tool.
• The Selection Tool will not move when the scanning resolution is too low.
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Click the mouse button when the Selection Tool is in the correct position.
• The film will be read and the browser image displayed in the middle of the monitor.
Once you have examined the browser image, click the mouse button again
to close the Browser window.
• The Browser window will close.
• It does not matter where the mouse cursor is positioned to close the Browser window.
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Scanning
Step 3 presents the procedures for conducting the final scan,
saving the scanned image in a file and editing image files.
The steps are listed below with their respective page numbers.
Scan Area Settings
p. 38
Zooming
p. 39
Scanning
p. 41
Rotating or Reversing Images Before Scanning
p. 42
Saving Scanned Images
p. 43
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Scan Area Settings
Use the image in the preview area to select the actual area that you want to scan.
Clicking the Preview button causes the Selection Tool to automatically appear as a
rectangle with dotted lines on the preview image. You may adjust the size and shape of
the Selection Tool.
To Specify the Scan Area with the Selection Tool
Adjust the size and position of the Selection Tool.
• Placing the mouse cursor over the dotted line of the Selection Tool causes the
cursor to change into one of four shapes [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]. Dragging the Selection Tool with the mouse cursor changes the shape of the Selection Tool.
• Change the position of the Selection Tool by clicking on its center and keeping the
mouse button depressed until the cursor changes into an omni-directional arrow
[ ]. Dragging the cursor in this state will cause the Selection Tool to move without
changing its shape.
Selection Tool
• Clicking the mouse button outside the Selection Tool causes the selected area to
be deselected.
• Double-clicking the mouse button anywhere in the Preview window selects the
entire image.
Hint
• There are two methods of changing the size and shape of the Selection Tool.
The horizontal and vertical dimensions can be changed independently or in a
fixed ratio. The fixed ratio can be altered by changing the [Aspect Ratio] setting
in the [Preferences] menu of the control panel. See Setting Preferences (p. 28).
• To specify small areas with precision, it is convenient to expand the preview
display with the Zoom In button. See Zooming on the next page.
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Zooming
Plug-in module FS is equipped with a zoom function that permits the
enlarged display of a specified portion of the preview image. Use the
zoom function to specify the scan area with high precision or to select
small areas.
To Zoom In
Click on the Zoom In button.
• A selection frame with solid lines will appear on the preview image.
• The size and shape of the selection frame cannot be altered.
Selection Frame
➟
Place the mouse cursor inside the selection frame.
The mouse cursor will change to a [+] shape.
Drag the selection frame to the desired position.
Moving the mouse cursor will cause the selection frame to move with it.
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Click the mouse button.
The selected area will be displayed in expanded form.
• To return to normal view, click the Zoom Out button.
• If you click the Zoom Reset button, the image returns to the previous size.
Hint
An image that appears in the Preview window at the normal size can be
zoomed four times successively. An image appearing at a magnification of 2
times can be zoomed three times successively. See Preview Window Size (p. 31).
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Scanning
After you complete the preparations for scanning, the original may be scanned and
displayed in the Photoshop window.
To Initiate the Scan
Specify the Scan Area
See Aspect Ratio (p. 28).
Click on the [Scan] button.
➟
• A few seconds after you click the Scan button the system will scan and acquire
the image.
• The Plug-in module FS control panel will close and the Photoshop window will
open and display the acquired image.
Hint
• If the selected Scan Area is too small (less than 64 x 64 pixels), the Scan button
will not respond to a mouse click.
• Even after scanning is complete, there may be occasions when the Plug-in
module FS control panel does not close. You can correct this with the [Preview Window] command on the [Preferences] menu. (p. 31)
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Rotating or Reversing Images Before Scanning
An image may be rotated or reversed before scanning. As with a
normal scan, Plug-in module FS automatically closes and returns to
Photoshop once the scan is complete.
To Change the Orientation of an Image
Specify the Scan Area
See Aspect Ratio (p. 28).
Click on any one of the
[180˚ Clockwise Rotation],
[90˚ Clockwise
Rotation],
[90˚ Counterclockwise Rotation], or
[Flip] buttons.
➟
The image will be rotated or flipped in the Preview window.
Click on the [Scan] button.
• The scan will initiate.
• The Plug-in module FS control panel will close and the Photoshop window will
open and display the acquired image.
Hint
• If the selected Scan Area is too small (less than 64 x 64 pixels), the Scan button
will not respond to a mouse click.
• Even after scanning is completed, there may be occasions when the Plug-in
module FS control panel does not close. You can correct this with the [Preview Window] command on the [Preferences] menu. (p. 31)
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Saving Scanned Images
Scanned images are saved in Photoshop.
Before you save a scanned image in Photoshop, you must select the file type for the
saved image and select other settings. On the Macintosh the PICT and TIFF file types
are commonly used for saving scanning images. The procedure below describes saving
a scanned image as a PICT file with Photoshop LE. For details about using Photoshop
LE, refer to the Photoshop LE electronic manual.
Procedure
Click on the Photoshop LE [File] menu and select [Save].
The Save dialog box will appear.
Select the destination (folder), file name, and file type for the image you
are going to save.
In this example, PICT is selected as the file type.
Click the Save button.
The PICT File Options dialog box will open.
Click the radio buttons to select the options and click the [OK] button.
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Adjusting and Editing
Scanned Images
Scanned images may be corrected for brightness and color tone or edited in a variety of ways.
The potential adjustments vary with the type of scan mode utilized in the original scan.
Adjustments to the scanned image may be made after the image is previewed.
Color Mode
Color Correction: Histogram Settings
Color Correction: Brightness and Contrast Settings
Color Correction: Color Balance
Color Correction: Tone Curve Settings
Color Correction: Gamma Value Settings
Auto Tone Correction (ColorSync™)
p.
p.
p.
p.
p.
p.
48
50
52
54
56
64
p.
p.
p.
p.
48
50
54
56
Grayscale Mode
Color Correction: Histogram Settings
Color Correction: Brightness and Contrast Settings
Color Correction: Tone Curve Settings
Color Correction: Gamma Value Settings
Black & White Mode
Color Correction: Threshold
p. 58
Adjustments Independent of Mode
FIlm Correction: Focus Correction
p. 60
FIlm Correction: Exposure Adjustment
Saving/Recalling Settings
p. 62
p. 65
Editing Scanned Images
p. 67
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Optimum Adjustments for Image Quality
(Using color and film correction)
Are you satisfied with the quality of the preview image?
You can create images of acceptable quality with the Plug-in module FS 3.6 default
settings. However, if there is a problem with the original film that requires correction,
you can use the color correction or film correction features to correct the problem.
This section provides an overview of the methods you can use to correct minor problems in images. For details about a method, refer to the referenced page.
Image brightness, tone okay?
Yes
No
No adjustments are required. Scan and acquire the image.
Image blurred ...
Color correction with Contrast
Correct the difference in light and darkness. (p. 50)
-orCorrect the focus
You can correct the focus for the preview image or scanned image. (p. 60)
Particular color too bright, too pale
Color correction with Color Balance
Correct the balance of the three colors: R (red), G (green), B (blue). (p. 52)
No
Too bright, too dark ...
Corrected in the display image.
Yes
No
Color correction with the Gamma setting.
Problem affecting whole image or only part?
Entire image
Color correction with Brightness
Adjusts the overall brightness of the image. (p. 50)
-orFocus Correction
Adjusts the amount of light (exposure) striking the film and adjusts the bright
ness of the image. (p. 62)
Only part of image
Color correction with Histogram
Adjusts the highlights and shadows and smoothes the mid-range brightness of
the image. (p. 48)
-orColor correction with Tone Curve
Adjusts the balance between light and dark for input and output for image
brightness. (p. 54)
* These and other attributes, like obvious noise, can also be corrected in Photoshop.
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Color Correction
Plug-in module FS 3.6 scans and builds images in increments of single, square dots.
Each dot contains the attributes for the brightness and color of the image (tone). Plugin module FS 3.6 provides six tools which you can use to correct color in images.
Histogram (p. 48)
A histogram allows you to view how much brightness falls into each
brightness setting. You can use the histogram to change the distribution of the brightness settings between bright levels (highlights)
and dark levels (shadows) in the following types of files: 8-bit
grayscale, 12-bit grayscale, 24-bit color and 36-bit color.
Brightness/Contrast (p. 50)
Brightness is the overall amount of lightness or darkness in an
image. Contrast is the difference between the lightest and darkest
parts of an image. Before scanning and acquiring an image, you can
make adjustments if the original is too bright, too dark or blurred.
You can use Brightness/Contrast to adjust the following types of
files: 8-bit grayscale, 12-bit grayscale, 24-bit color and 36-bit color.
Color Balance (p. 52)
Color Balance allows you to adjust the color balance for each
primary color: R (red), G (green) and B (blue). Adjust colors before
scanning if they are too strong. You can use Color Balance with the
following types of files: 24-bit color and 36-bit color.
Tone Curve (p. 54)
Tone Curve allows you to adjust the differences in light and darkness
between the input and output image.
With the Tone Curve you can adjust the overall brightness and tone
of the image and smooth the image much easier than with the
Histogram.
You can use the Tone Curve with the following types of files: 8-bit
grayscale, 12-bit grayscale, 24-bit color and 36-bit color.
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Gamma (p. 56)
Gamma allows you to enhance the overall image. Use Gamma
adjustment when the color of the original does not match the color
of the displayed image. You can use Gamma with the following
types of files: 8-bit grayscale, 12-bit grayscale, 24-bit color and 36bit color.
Threshold (p. 58)
Threshold adjusts the brightness of an image by digitizing it i.e.
determining which gray pixels become black and which become
white. You can use Threshold only with a monochrome document.
Color Correction Dialog Box
Save — Saves the image with the specified
file name and color correction attributes.
Load — Loads the image with the specified
color correction attributes.
Reset — Resets every feature with its default
setting.
Displays the RGB values of the part of the
image currently under the mouse cursor and
frame in the Preview window. In the dual
value display [XXX/YYY], the first part (XXX)
shows the setting after correction and the second part (YYY) shows the value of
the current setting in the Preview window. When the image is a 36-bit color
image, the values express 8-bit values for each color.
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Color Correction - Histogram Setting
The data comprising an image contains a variety of brightness settings ranging from
shadows to highlights. These settings are represented in Plug-in module FS by values
ranging between 0 and 255. You can use the histogram to adjust the values assigned
to particular dot to either 0 or 255, to change the distribution of brightness settings
and to control the contrast.
The method is applicable to 8-bit grayscale, 12-bit grayscale, 24-bit color (when
ColorSync™ is off) and 36-bit color images.
How to Interpret Histograms
You can select the entire image or specify an area for which a histogram will be
generated. The height of the peaks of the histogram is directly related to the volume
of data with the corresponding value.
Portion with
Highlights
Distribution of data
with a bias toward
highlights.
Portion with
Shadows
Distribution of data
with a bias toward
shadows.
Entire Image
Distribution of data
widely distributed
between shadows and
highlights.
Shadow (Level 0)
Highlight (Level 255)
How to Adjust Histograms
To change the contrast in an image, the distribution of data between shadows and
highlights can be adjusted by dragging the shadow and highlight marks at the bottom of
the histogram. All of the data lying to the outside (left) of the shadow mark is changed to
a zero value and all of the data lying to the outside (right) of the highlight mark is
changed to a 255 value. The examples below show adjustments to improve the contrast.
Leave the setting on Auto Correction for histogram correction of most scanning jobs.
IMAGE Image with a bias
1
toward highlights
Move the shadow mark
toward the highlight end.
48
IMAGE Image with a bias
2
toward shadow
IMAGE
3
Image with well
distributed data
Move the highlight mark toward Move both the shadow and
highlight marks inward.
the shadow end.
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To Adjust a Histogram Automatically
Specify the area of the image (the entire area to be scanned) for which a
histogram will be generated. See Aspect Ratio (p. 28).
The histogram will not display correctly if an extremely small area is selected. To select
small areas, first expand the display with the Zoom In button. See Zooming (p. 39).
Click on the
[Auto Correction] button.
The Histogram is automatically corrected.
➟
To Adjusting a Histogram Manually
Click the
[Color Correction] button.
The Color Correction dialog box will display.
➟
Click the histogram tab and perform the histogram settings.
Click the button for the channel you want to adjust.
Click this bar to move the shadow/highlight setting mark.
Drag the slide bar to set all data levels to the right of the
mark to shadows.
Drag the slide bar to set all data levels to the right of the
mark to highlights.
Displays the values for the highlight mark position. To
or
or enter a number directly
enter a value click
into the entry box.
Click this button then click directly on the image to
change it to a highlight value.
Automatically corrects the position of a shadow or
highlight mark.
Click this button then click directly on the image to
change it to a shadow value.
Displays the values for the shadow mark position. To
enter a value click
into the entry box.
or
or enter a number directly
Resets the shadow or highlight of the selected channel to
the default setting.
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Color Correction - Brightness and Contrast Settings
Adjusting the brightness and contrast sliders corrects the color tone. If the original
image is too dark, too light or indistinct, use these settings to correct the image.
The method is applicable to 8-bit grayscale, 12-bit grayscale, 24-bit color (when
ColorSync™ is off) and 36-bit color images.
Adjusting Brightness
Adjust the brightness of the entire image.
This method is effective for adjusting the color tone when the entire image is too
dark or bright. However, one must be careful not to raise the respective values too
high or low to avoid creating excessive highlights or shadows.
Brightness = 190
Brightness = 128 (Standard)
Brightness = 80
Adjusting Contrast
Contrast is the degree of variation between light and dark areas.
Raising the contrast accentuates the difference between the light and dark areas.
Lowering the contrast reduces the difference between the two.
Contrast = 128 (Standard)
Contrast = 170
Contrast = 100
Raising the contrast of pictures with a blurred focus is effective in adding clarity to
the image. Raising the contrast too high, however, will obscure the dark portions or
create excessive highlights.
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To Adjust the Brightness and Contrast
Click on the [Color Correction] button in the control panel.
• The Color Correction dialog box will appear.
• Open the Image Correction menu in the operation panel and select Color Correction to open the Color Correction dialog box.
Click the Brightness/Contrast tab to adjust the settings.
The upper slider is for brightness and the lower for contrast.
Change the settings by dragging the sliders in either direction or by clicking
on the left or right arrows.
The values in these boxes will
change with movement of
the sliders. Values may also
be directly entered into these
boxes.
Brightness
Contrast
Click on the [OK] button.
The changes will be reflected in the preview image.
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Color Correction - Color Balance
Use Color Balance to change the brightness and contrast for each primary color: R
(red), B (blue), G (green). You can adjust the color balance with this tool for 24-bit
(when ColorSync™ is off) and 36-bit color images.
Red Enhanced
Green Enhanced
Blue Enhanced
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Procedure
Click the Color Correction button.
The Color Correction dialog box will open.
You can also click on the [Image] menu in the operation panel and select [Color
Correction] to open the Color Correction dialog box.
Click the Color Balance tab and adjust the settings for R (red), G (green) and
B (blue).
Slider
Drag the button right or left, or click the
left or right arrows
to set the value.
R (red)
The values set with the slide bar
are reflected here. You can also
enter values (within the range 127
to 127) directly into the entry
boxes.
G (green)
B (blue)
Resets all items in this
dialog box to their
default settings.
Click the [OK] button.
The image is adjusted according to the settings you specified in the dialog box.
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Color Correction - Tone Curve Settings
Precise changes to the tone settings of an image can be made by directly editing the
tone curve. This enables you to make subtle changes to the brightness of only the
shadows or highlights, if desired.
The method is applicable to 8-bit grayscale, 12-bit grayscale, 24-bit color (when
ColorSync™ is off) and 36-bit color images.
Highlight
The Tone Curve
In the Plug-in module FS Tone Curve
chart, the input is the image received by
Plug-in module FS and the output is the
image displayed on the screen. The Tone
Curve shows the balance between light
and darkness in the input and output.
Tone curve
Output
Brightness
Shadow
Shadow
Highlight
Input Brightness
Color Correction with the Tone Curve
The image can be adjusted by changing the shape of the tone curve.
If the mid-range tones of the tone curve are
moved down toward the input side its
image will become darker than the shadow
of the output side and the displayed image
will become darker.
* For the most natural appearance the tone curve should be as smooth as possible.
The changes you make in the tone curve are immediately reflected in the preview
area so you can try many different settings until you achieve the image you want.
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To Edit the Tone Curve
Click on the [Color Correction] button in the Control Panel.
• The Color Correction dialog box will appear.
• You can also click on the [Image Correction] menu in the control panel and select
[Color Correction] to open the Color Correction dialog box.
Click on the [Tone Curve] tab and edit the tone curve.
Set the tone curve for each color channel, R(Red),
G(Green) and B(Blue), or grayscale. The tone curve
for each color channel may be set independently.
Click on the tone curve with the mouse button to
display the control point. Change the tone curve by
dragging the control point to the desired position.
The control point may be changed any number of
times along the curve.
Displays the input/output levels 0 (shadow) to 255
(highlight) of the control point currently under the
pointer and frame in the preview area.
The larger the output value in relation to the input
value, the brighter the image will become.
Click to restore the default tone curve setting.
Click on the [OK] button.
The changes will be reflected in the preview image.
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Color Correction - Gamma Value Settings
You can adjust the color by changing the gamma value for the display monitor. This
method is suitable for matching the image output to the particular characteristics of
the display monitor in use. The method is applicable to 8-bit grayscale, 12-bit grayscale,
24-bit color (when ColorSync™ is off) and 36-bit color images.
Matching the Gamma Value to the Display Characteristics
The relationship between the data sent to a display monitor (input) and the data
shown on the display (output) is expressed as the display monitor gamma value.
Different display monitors may have different gamma values, which typically range
from 1.4 to 2.2. Without adjustment, most display monitors reproduce images
slightly darker than the original. Plug-in module FS can automatically adjust the
gamma value for faithful reproduction if the display monitor has a gamma value of
1.4. Display monitors with other default gamma values have to be set manually.
Gamma value
Plug-in module FS and the display monitor have different gamma values. During a
scanning job, Plug-in module FS receives the image from the scanner as input and
sends it to the parent application as output. The gamma value in this interval
where Plug-in module FS converts input to output is the Plug-in module FS gamma
value. On the other hand, the data received from Plug-in module FS as input is sent
to the display monitor as output. The gamma value in this interval where the image
input from Plug-in module FS is converted to output for the display monitor is the
display monitor gamma value.
Setting the display monitor gamma value causes the scanner gamma value to be
calibrated automatically as the inverse value. For example, if the display monitor
gamma value is set to 1.4, then the scanner gamma value is calibrated at 0.71 (the
inverse of 1.4).
Hint
• Please read the documents shipped with your display or contact the manufacturer’s customer service department to obtain the correct gamma value for
your particular display model.
• If you intend to adjust the color tone with ColorSync™, change the settings in
the ColorSync™ System control panel (found within the Control Panels folder)
and do not manually change the gamma value settings as described in the
following pages. See Auto Tone Correction (ColorSync™) (p. 64).
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To Change the Gamma Value Settings
Click on the [Color Correction] button in the control panel.
• The Color Correction dialog box will appear.
• You can also click on the [Image Correction] menu in the operation panel and
select [Color Correction] to open the Color Correction dialog box.
Click on the [Gamma Value] tab and edit the gamma value.
Click the button for the gamma
value you want to use.
To select a custom
value click this button
then enter the gamma
value manually.
Select a gamma value between
0.10 and 10.00.
Click to restore the default
gamma setting.
Slider
Drag the slider button to the left or
right, or click
Click on the [OK] button.
The changes will be reflected in the preview image.
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to change the value.
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Color Correction - Threshold
Adjusts the brightness of dithered images
In the dithering mode, the mid-tones of a photograph, are converted to either black or
white based on the threshold setting. The threshold setting is the point at which a gray
pixel is judged to become either black or white. The setting can be specified as a
number in the range from 1 to 255.
Pixels judged to be below the threshold setting are converted to black and those above
the setting are converted to white. Therefore, the higher the threshold setting, the
darker the image, and the lower the threshold setting, the lighter the image.
Threshold = 128 (standard)
Threshold = 180
58
Threshold = 70
58
Procedure
Click the [Clor Correction] button.
• The threshold panel is displayed in the Color Correction dialog box.
• You can also click on the [Image] menu and select [Color Correction] to open the
Color Correction dialog box.
Set the threshold.
Drag the button right
or left, or click the left or
right arrows
to set
the value.
The value set with the slide
bar is displayed here. You
can also enter a value (0 to
127) directly into the entry
box without using the slider.
Click on the [OK] button.
The changes will be reflected in the preview image.
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Film Correction - Focus Correction
Film placed within a scanner may shift position to a small extent, throwing the focus out
when scanning or previewing. To scan correctly, it may be necessary to adjust the focus.
This can be accomplished manually or automatically. You are recommended to try auto
focus first. If an image remains blurred, you can then try to focus it manually.
Auto Focus
The auto focus function automatically corrects the focus. Selecting auto focus causes
the scanner to automatically adjust the focus setting before previewing, scanning or
zooming.
Hint
The auto focus function is generally activated only for the preview scan and not for the
actual scan, browser, or zoom operations. However, the auto focus can be set to scan
for all operations with the Preference settings. See Setting Preferences (p. 26).
Manual Focus
The focus can be changed manually while watching the preview image. This permits
the user to make precision adjustments to the focus. Once the manual focus is used
for an image, the preview, scan and zoom operations can’t be adjusted automatically.
Hint
If the image remains blurry even after adjusting the focus manually, check the
original image. If the original is focussed, try adjusting the contrast (p. 50), or
edit the scanned image with Photoshop.
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To Select Focus
Click on the [Film] menu and select the [Focus] option.
The Manual Focus dialog box will appear.
Click the [Auto Focus] button to select automatic image focus.
If you want to select manual focus, click the [Manual Focus] button, then adjust the
focus manually.
Focus Setting Dialog Box
Drag the slider left or right or click on
the left or right direction arrows to
change the focus setting.
The value in the box will change as the
slider moves or direction arrows are
clicked. A value may also be input
directly into the box without moving
the slider.
Automatically adjusts
the focus. The results of
the adjustments are
reflected in the position
of the slider and the
value in the box above.
The results are displayed in the Preview
window.
Returns the setting to its state when this
dialog box was opened.
Click on the [OK] button.
Hint
The change in focus will not be reflected in the preview area after you click the
OK button in the Focus setting dialog box. The new focus value will not be
enabled until the image is acquired again.
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61
Film Correction — Exposure Adjustment
Film is scanned by collecting the light that is passed through it. This makes it possible to
adjust the brightness of the image by changing the amount of light (exposure) used to
scan it. This is adjusted by changing the scan speed. With the Auto setting in Plug-in
module FS, exposure adjustment is automatic. This setting should be used for most
scanning jobs. If, however, you cannot achieve the effect you want with the Auto
setting, you can manually overexpose or underexpose the image to create a special
effect. Overexposing the image produces a lighter image. The scanning speed will be
accelerated for negative film and slowed down for positive film. Underexposing the film
produces a darker image. The scanning speed will be slowed for negative and film and
accelerated for positive film.
Medium exposure
Overexposure
Underexposure
Hint
• If you are using the FS2710, positive film can be adjusted by three exposure
stops and negative film by five stops.
• If you are using the 2700F, negative film can be adjusted by five stops. The
exposure of positive films cannot be adjusted.
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62
Procedure
Click on the [Film] menu and select [Exposure].
• The Exposure Setting dialog box will appear.
Adjust the exposure
Exposure Setting dialog box (for FS2710)
To select Auto, click the check box.
These settings can be adjusted
when Auto is not selected.
Slider
Drag the slider button to the
left or right.
Click the [OK] button.
Hint
• If you are using the 2700F and you turn off (uncheck) the Auto setting, the
Film Type setting must be set manually. The film type corresponds to the
maker and product name. (p. 72)
2700F Film Type Settings
The colors used in the film base of negative films varies between manufacturers and
individual products. To adjust the exposure manually with the 2700F, you must specify
the film type to reproduce image colors correctly. This is not required for positive films
because the film base is not colored.
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63
Auto Tone Correction (ColorSync™)
When the scan mode is set to 24bit Color, color correction is automatically conducted by
the ColorSync™ function. The ColorSync™ function automatically matches the tones
produced and displayed by scanners, displays and color printers. Optimal color correction
is achieved with ease without having to make adjustments with the histogram or other
color correction functions.
Caution
More time is required to start the program and scan when the ColorSync™
function is activated.
Hint
• ColorSync™ responds differently to each computer according to the unique
conditions affecting it (type of display used, etc.), which may cause differences
even between computers of the same make and system version. The tone
characteristics of an image scanned with ColorSync™ on one computer, therefore, may change when processed on another computer.
• Color correction using the histogram function and gamma value settings can’t
be conducted when the ColorSync™ function is activated.
• If you are using auto tone correction to match the gamma value of your display,
double-click the [ColorSync™ System] control panel icon and select from among
the following settings:
CANON gamma 1.5 monitor
CANON gamma 1.8 monitor
CANON gamma 2.1 monitor
To Activate the ColorSync™ Function
Click on the [Image] menu and select the [ColorSync] option.
Color correction will occur automatically. Auto tone correction requires some time to
process.
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S T E P
4
Saving / Recalling Settings
The film type, scan mode and preference settings can be saved to a settings file and
recalled for future processing. The user may freely assign a name to the settings file. It is
convenient to save frequently used settings to a file.
Hint
In addition to settings, the settings file may also be used to store preview images.
It is useful to save the preview image with the settings to quickly grasp to which
image the settings apply (p. 19).
To Save Settings in a Settings File
Click on the [Setting File] menu in the control panel and select the [Save]
option.
Specify the folder and file name.
Click on the [Save] button.
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S T E P
4
To Recall a Settings File
Click on the [Setting File] menu in the control panel and select the [Load]
option.
Specify the file to open.
Click on the [Open] button.
All the control panel settings saved in the selected settings file are enabled and
replace the current settings.
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66
S T E P
4
Editing Scanned Images
Scanned images can be edited as required using Photoshop. In this example, we provide
a simple demonstration of how to use the filter functions of Kai’s Power Tools ®, a plug-in
module for Photoshop. For details about the editing methods, see the Photoshop
electronic manual.
Many special effects may be achieved with filters.
[Filter] menu
KPT2.1, KPT Vortex Tiling 2.1
[Filter] menu
KPT2.1, KPT Pixel/Breeze 2.1
Original
[Filter] menu
KPT2.1, KPT Gaussian Static 2.1
67
[Filter] menu
KPT2.1, KPT Glass Lens/Standard 2.1
67
S T E P
2
Appendices
Troubleshooting
p. 69
Error Messages
p. 71
List of Film Types
p. 72
Glossary
p. 73
Index
p. 75
Customer Support Help Desk
p. 78
Specifications
System Requirements
Supported Computers:
Macintosh or Power Macintosh computers equipped with a CD-ROM
drive and hard disk drive.
Memory Requirements:
12 MB
System Software:
System 7.1 or later
Supported Scanners:
CanoScan 2700F, CanoScan FS2710 Color Film Scanner
Functional Specifications
Interface:
Auto Detection of SCSI Scanner
Scan Modes:
Black & White, 8bit Grayscale, 12bit Grayscale, 24bit Color, 36bit Color
Tone Settings:
255 Gradations
Contrast Settings:
255 Gradations
Density Settings:
255 Gradations (only for Black & White mode)
Gamma Curve:
Gamma Curve May Be Edited
Scanning Resolution:
2720 dots per inch
* These specifications are subject to change without notice.
68
68
APPENDICES
Troubleshooting
Please refer to the following information if you encounter a problem using Plug-in
module FS. For further details, refer to the troubleshooting sections of the Getting
Started Guide and Scanning Guide.
If your problem lies outside the solutions provided below, consult the retail outlet from
which you purchased the software or the closest Canon Customer Help Support Desk.
Problem:
Plug-in module FS does not appear on the plug-in module
menus for Photoshop.
➤Solution:
Plug-in module FS is not correctly installed on your hard disk drive.
Refer to Installing Plug-in module FS (p. 12) and reinstall the software.
Problem:
The image will not appear even if the Preview button is
clicked on the Plug-in module FS control panel.
➤Solution 1: If more than one SCSI device is in use, check to ensure that each
device has been assigned a unique SCSI ID and none are duplicated.
If duplication has occurred, assign a unique SCSI ID to the scanner.
➤Solution 2: Ensure that the SCSI terminator setting is correct. Refer to the
Getting Started Guide for an explanation of the correct SCSI
terminator settings.
➤Solution 3: Ensure that the film is correctly placed in the scanner.
➤Solution 4: The brightness settings for Plug-in module FS may be set too high.
Try lowering the brightness settings. Refer to Color Correction:
Brightness and Contrast Settings (p. 50).
➤Solution 5: The threshold setting for Plug-in module FS may be set to high. Try
lowering the threshold setting. Refer to Color Correction - Threshold
(p. 58).
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69
APPENDICES
Problem:
The “Insufficient Memory” error message appears when
scanning.
➤Solution 1: Select the smallest possible area and rescan.
➤Solution 2: Lower the resolution and magnification settings for the output
device to the lowest possible values (pp. 23 - 25) .
➤Solution 3: Close all application programs except Photoshop and rescan.
Problem:
Clicking the [Scan] button fails to initiate a scan.
➤Solution 1: Unless the area of the image to be scanned is selected in the Preview
window, the scan button will be inoperative. Select an area to be
scanned.
➤Solution 2: The selected area is too small (Within 64 x 64 pixels). Select a larger
area.
Problem:
The color correction function will not work.
➤Solution:
Color correction can’t be utilized in the Black & White mode or when
ColorSync™ is active in the color mode. Set the mode to Grayscale or
Color with the ColorSync™ inactive before attempting the color
correction.
70
70
APPENDICES
Error Messages
Error Message
Cause
Response
Scanner is Not Detected
• The power cord, SCSI
cable or terminator is
not properly connected.
• Connect the SCSI cable
securely to the Macintosh
and ensure the terminator
setting is correct.
• The scanner power
switch is set to Off.
• Turn the scanner power
switch to the On position.
Scanner Initializing
• The scanner power
switch has just been
turned on.
• Wait a moment before
restarting Plug-in module FS.
Cannot Communicate
with Scanner
• The power cord, SCSI
cable or terminator is
incorrectly connected.
• Ensure the SCSI cable is
securely fastened to the
Macintosh and scanner, and
set the terminator to an
appropriate setting.
• The scanner power
switch is set to Off.
• Turn the scanner power
switch to the On position.
• The scanner’s SCSI ID
is incorrectly set.
• Ensure that the SCSI ID is set to
a unique value not duplicated
by other SCSI devices.
• Memory is insufficient for the required
volume of the
scanned image data.
• Reduce the scan area to the
minimum possible scope and
lower the resolution and
magnification settings for the
output device.
Minimum Memory
Requirements Not Met.
Retry after Increasing Free
Memory.
• Close application programs
other than Photoshop.
• Increase the memory allocated to Photoshop.
Home Position Not
Detected
• The lamp is burnt
out.
• Contact your nearest Canon
Customer Support Help desk.
An error has occurred.
(Sense Code=xx, Additional Sense Code=xx,
Additional Code
Condition=xx)
• Another error has
occurred.
• Note down the Sense Code,
Additional Sense Code and
error message and contact
the nearest Canon Customer Support Help desk.
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71
APPENDICES
List of Film Types <2700F only>
35 mm Film
Film Manufacturer
Fuji
Kodak
Konica
AGFA
Film
HG100
HG400
REALA
REALA ACE
SUPER G100
SUPER G200
SUPER G400
SUPER ACE G100
SUPER ACE G400
SUPER V 100
EKTAR 25
EXTAR 100
GOLD 100
GOLD 400
SUPER GOLD 100
SUPER GOLD 200
SUPER GOLD 400
DD 100
DD 400
IMPRESA 50
JX 100
LV 100
LV 200
LV 400
XG 400
HDC 100
HDC 400
OPTIMA 100
OPTIMA 400
ULTRA 50
XRG 100
XRG 200
XRG 400
XRS 100
XRS 400
Film Type
A
C
B
B
A
B
B
C
C
C
C
A
B
C
B
B
B
D
D
C
C
C
C
C
C
A
D
A
D
A
D
D
D
C
C
IX240 Film
Film Manufacturer
Fuji
Kodak
Konica
AGFA
72
Film
nexia F
nexia A
nexia H
ADVANTiX 100
ADVANTiX 200
ADVANTiX 400
JX 400
FUTURA 100
FUTURA 400
72
Film Type
B
B
B
A
A
A
B
A
B
APPENDICES
Glossary
12-bit grayscale image
An image which can display 4,096 gradations over the range of white, gray, and
black. However, there is no difference in appearance between a 12-bit grayscale
image and an 8-bit grayscale image on the screen.
24-bit color image
An image which can display 256 gradations (8 bits x 3) for each RGB color for a
total of 16.7 million colors (256 x 256 x 256).
36-bit color image
An image which can display 4,096 gradations (12 bits x 3) for each RGB color for a
total of 67.8 billion colors (4096 x 4096 x 4096).
8-bit color image
An image which can display 256 gradations over the range of white, gray, and
black.
Dot
The fundamental element of a letter, object or image. The number of dots per inch
(dpi) determines the resolution (or density) of a letter, object or image.
Gamma Correction
The process whereby variations in color tones from the output of monitors, printers
and other output devices are made consistent with the source (input) document.
With Plug-in module FS, gamma correction for a monitor can be conducted with
the Gamma Value Settings function. Gamma values are expressed as numbers: 1 is
the standard value, numbers lower than 1 brighten the output and numbers higher
than one darken the output. A graph function, the Tone Curve (gamma curve), is
also available in Plug-in module FS to make adjustments to gamma values (p. 56).
Image File
A computer file generated by scanning an image or by creating an image with an
image editing software program, such as Photoshop. An image file is generally
comprised of bitmap data, a collection of color information corresponding to each
dot of an image. There are many formats for image files, including the TIFF, PICT
and BMP formats.
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73
APPENDICES
IX240 Film
IX240 film, also referred to as APS film, is film which meets APS standards. APS
means “Advanced Photo System”. The width of this film is 24 mm and the image
size is 17 x 30 mm. This is a miniature film in comparison with the popular 35 mm
film. When this film is sent out for processing, it is returned in the original cartridge
just as it was sent out.
Negative Film
Negative film can be either monochrome (black and white) or color film, but
“negative film” generally refers to color negative film. Negative film is used to
make color prints where the light and dark colors of the image are reversed and
colors are converted to their complements. For example, blue is reversed to yellow,
and yellow to blue. Just by looking at the image, you cannot recognize the original
colors. A fundamental characteristic of color negative film is that it uses orange as
its base color.
Positive Film
Film used as transparencies for projection on screens and other media or used to
make printing plates. Colors (light and dark areas) appear on the film in the same
order as the original photographic subject.
Preview
See the entry for Scanning.
Resolution
An expression of the density of dots in an image file that indicates the extent of its
granularity. Generally expressed as the number of dots per inch (dpi).
RGB
An acronym for the base colors red, green and blue used in varying combinations to
reproduce the full spectrum of colors on monitors and other output devices.
Scanning
The process of using a scanner to read a film image electronically. Before the final
scan, a preview scan is generally conducted. The preview scan encompasses the
entire scope of the target film and only provides a general indication of the image
that may differ from the final scan. The final scan is executed after specifying the
area of the image to be scanned and various settings that determine how the scan
is conducted.
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74
APPENDICES
Index (A - F)
Symbols
B
[180˚ Clockwise Rotation] button 5, 42
[90˚ Clockwise Rotation] button 5, 42
[90˚ Counterclockwise Rotation] button 5, 42
[Auto Correction] button 5, 49
[Browser] button 5, 9, 35
[Color Correction] button 5, 49
[Eject] button 5
[Flip] button 42
[Preview] button 5, 8, 19
[Reverse] button 5
[Scan] button 10, 41
[Zoom In] button 5, 39
[Zoom Out] button 5, 40
[Zoom Reset] button 5, 40
12-bit grayscale image 73
12bit Grayscale mode 20
24-bit color image 73
24bit Color mode 21
36-bit color image 73
36bit Color mode 21
8-bit color image 73
8-bit Greyscale image 73
8bit Greyscale mode 20
Black & White mode 20
Brightness 50
Brightness and Contrast 46, 50
Browser function 7
Browser image 36
Browser window 36
A
Adobe Photoshop 2, 7
Application software 12
Aspect ratio
C
CanoScan Setup Utility CD-ROM 13
Close box 5, 16
Color balance 46, 52
Color correction 46
Color correction dialog box 47
ColorSync™ 7, 64
Contrast 50
Control panel 5, 16
D
Disk space 22
Available space 22
Required space 22
Display 12
Dot 73
Dots 73
Dynamic preview 7
E
Editing 67
Error messages 71
Exposure 62
Exposure setting dialog box 63
Classic 28
Constrained 28
Custom 28
Hi-Vision TV 28
Independent 28
Panorama 28
F
Film characteristics 18
Film manufacturers 72
Film type 18, 72
Focus 60
Focus setting dialog box 61
Aspect ratio dialog box 29
Auto eject function 34
Auto focus 60
Auto tone correction 7, 64
75
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APPENDICES
Index (G - S)
G
P
Gamma 47
Gamma correction 73
Gamma value 56
Glossary 73
PICT 43
Pointer 9
Positive film 74
Preferences 26
Aspect ratio 28
Output device 26
Preview window size 31
Return to default settings 33
Selecting the scan settings 32
Unit 30
H
Hardware 12
Highlights 48
Histogram 46, 48
Histogram function 7
Histogram tab 49
Preview 74
Preview window 5, 16
Preview window settings dialog box 31
Previewing 19
I
Image file 73
Installing Plug-in module FS 12
IX240 film 73, 74
R
Recalling 65
Resolution 24, 74
RGB 74
RGB display 16
RGB values 16
L
List of film types 72
M
Magnification 24
Manipulation function 7
Manual focus 60
Memory 12
Menu bar 16
S
Save 43
Saving 65
Scan area 38
Scan button 5
Scan mode 20
Scan settings dialog box 32
Scanning 41, 74
Scanning procedures 6
Scanning resolution 24
Selection frame 9
Selection tool 35, 38
Shadows 48
System software 12
N
Negative film 74
O
Operating environment 12
Output device 23
Output device resolution 24
Output device settings dialog box 27
76
76
APPENDICES
Index (T - Z)
T
Threshold 47, 58
TIFF 43
Tone curve 46, 54
Troubleshooting 69
U
Unit dialog box 30
Unit settings dialog box 30
V
Verifying the image 35
Z
Zooming 39
No part of this guide may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any
language in any form by any means without the prior written permission of Canon Inc.
Canon Inc. makes no warranties for damages resulting from corrupted or lost data due to the operation or malfunction of hardware and software.
While every effort has been made to ensure that the information contained in this guide is accurate and complete, no
liability can be accepted for any errors or omissions. Canon Inc. reserves the right to change the specifications of the
hardware and software described within this guide at any time without prior notice.
Please take note that international copyright laws prohibit the scanning of copyright-protected materials for any uses
other than for personal use.
Macintosh, Power Macintosh and ColorSync are trademarks of Apple Corporation.
Adobe and Adobe Photoshop are trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated.
77
77
APPENDICES
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78
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APPENDICES
CANON ITALIA S.p.A
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Art Direction:
Design:
Writing:
Translation:
Illustration:
Cover Photo:
Other Photos:
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