QUAD SYM LANDER 250 Service manual

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SERIAL NUMBER
Quad Lander 250
SERVICE MANUAL
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This service manual contains the technical data of each component inspection and
repair for the SANYANG Quad Lander 250 ATV. The manual is shown with
illustrations and focused on “Service Procedures”, “Operation Key Points”, and
“Inspection Adjustment” so that provides technician with service guidelines.
If the style and construction of the ATV, Quad Lander 250, are different from that
of the photos, pictures shown in this manual, the actual vehicle shall prevail.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Service Department
SANYANG INDUSTRY CO., LTD.
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Contents
HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL
This service manual describes basic information of different system parts and
system inspection & service for SANYANG Quad Lander 250 ATV. In addition,
please refer to the manual contents in detailed for the model you serviced in
inspection and adjustment.
The first chapter covers general information and trouble diagnosis.
The second chapter covers service maintenance information and special tools
manual.
The third to the 11th chapters cover engine and driving systems.
The 12th chapter is cooling system.
The 13th to the 16th chapter is contained the parts set of assembly frame body.
The 17th chapter is electrical equipment.
The 18th chapter is wiring diagram.
Please see index of content for quick having the special parts and system
information.
There are 4 buttons, “Forward”, “Contents”, “How to use this manual” and
“Mechanism Illustrations” on the CD-R version, and can be access to these items
by click the mouse.
If user wants to look for the content of each chapter, selecting the words of each
chapter on the contents can reach to each chapter. There are two buttons,
“Homepage and contents, onto the top line of first page of the each chapter. Thus,
if the user needs to check other chapters, he can click the top buttons to back the
homepage or contents. The content of each chapter can be selected too.
Therefore, when needs to checking the content inside of the chapter, click the
content words of the chapter so that can back to the initial section of the content.
In addition, there is a “To this chapter contents” button at the second page of each
contents so that clicking the button can back to the contents of this chapter.
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CONTENTS
Page
Content
Index
1-1 ~ 1-18
GENERAL INFORMATION
1
2-1 ~ 2-14
SERVICE MAINTENANCE INFORMATION
2
3-1 ~ 3-8
LUBRICATION SYSTEM
3
4-1 ~ 4-12
FUEL SYSTEM
4
5-1 ~ 5-6
ENGINE REMOVAL
5
6-1 ~ 6-16
CYLINDER HEAD/VALVE
6
7-1 ~ 7-8
CYLINDER/PISTON
7
8-1 ~ 8-14
“V” TYPE BELT DRIVING SYSTEM/KICK-STARTER
8
9-1 ~ 9-12
FINAL DRIVING MECHANISM
9
10-1 ~ 10-10
ALTERNATOR
10
11-1 ~ 11-8
CRANKSHAFT/ CRANKCASE
11
12-1 ~ 12-12
COOLING SYSTEM
12
13-1 ~ 13-14
BODY COVER
13
14-1 ~ 14-14
FRONT BRAKE AND FRONT WHEEL
14
15-1 ~ 15-10
STEERING/FRONT SUSPENSION
15
16-1 ~ 16-18
REAR BRAKE/REAR WHEEL/REAR CUSHION
16
17-1 ~ 17-22
ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT
17
18-1 ~ 18-2
ELECTRICAL DIAGRAM
18
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SERIAL NUMBER
Frame number
Engine number
Contents
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Contents
1. GENERAL INFORMATION
Symbols and Marks............................. 1-1
Specifications..................................... 1-10
General Safety ..................................... 1-2
Torque Values .................................... 1-11
Service Precautions ............................ 1-3
Troubles Diagnosis............................ 1-13
Specifications ...................................... 1-9
Lubrication Points ............................. 1-18
Symbols and Marks
Symbols and marks are used in this manual to indicate what and where the special service are needed, in
case supplemental information is procedures needed for these symbols and marks, explanations will be
added to the text instead of using the symbols or marks.
Warning
Caution
Means that serious injury or even death may result if procedures are not
followed.
Means that equipment damages may result if procedures are not followed.
Limits to use SAE 10W-30 API SG class oil. Warranty will not cover the
Engine oil
damage that caused by not apply with the limited engine oil.
(Recommended oil: KING MATE G-3 oil)
Grease
King Mate G-3 is recommended.
King Mate gear oil serials are recommended. (Bramax HYPOID GEAR OIL
Gear oil
# 140)
Apply sealant; medium strength sealant should be used unless otherwise
Locking sealant
specified.
Oil seal
Apply with lubricant.。
Renew
Replace with a new part before installation.
Brake fluid
Use recommended brake fluid DOT3 or WELLRUN brake fluid.
Special tools
Special tools
Correct
Meaning correct installation.
Wrong
Meaning wrong installation.
Indication
Indication of components.
Directions
Indicates position and operation directions
Components assembly directions each other.
Indicates where the bolt installation direction, --- means that bolt cross
through the component (invisibility).
1-1
1
To this chapter contents
1. GENERAL INFORMATION
General Safety
Carbon monoxide
If you must run your engine, ensure the place is
well ventilated. Never run your engine in a closed
area. Run your engine in an open area, if you
have to run your engine in a closed area, be sure
to use an extractor.
Caution
Exhaust contains toxic gas which may cause one
to lose consciousness and even result in death.
Gasoline
Gasoline is a low ignition point and explosive
material. Work in a well-ventilated place, no flame
or spark should be allowed in the work place or
where gasoline is being stored.
Caution
Gasoline is highly flammable, and may explode
under some conditions, keep it away from
children.
Used engine oil
Caution
Prolonged contact with used engine oil (or
transmission oil) may cause skin cancer although
it might not be verified.
We recommend that you wash your hands with
soap and water right after contacting. Keep the
used oil beyond reach of children.
Hot components
Caution
Components of the engine and exhaust system
can become extremely hot after engine running.
They remain very hot even after the engine has
been stopped for some time. When performing
service work on these parts, wear insulated
gloves and wait until cooling off.
1-2
Battery
Caution
• Battery emits explosive gases; flame is strictly
prohibited. Keeps the place well ventilated
when charging the battery.
• Battery contains sulfuric acid (electrolyte)
which can cause serious burns so be careful
do not be spray on your eyes or skin. If you
get battery acid on your skin, flush it off
immediately with water. If you get battery acid
in your eyes, flush it off immediately with
water and then go to hospital to see an
ophthalmologist.
• If you swallow it by mistake, drink a lot of
water or milk, and take some laxative such as
castor oil or vegetable oil and then go to see a
doctor.
• Keep electrolyte beyond reach of children.
Brake shoe
Do not use an air hose or a dry brush to clean
components of the brake system; use a vacuum
cleaner or the equivalent to avoid dust flying.
Caution
Inhaling brake shoe or pad ash may cause
disorders and cancer of the breathing system
Brake fluid
Caution
Spilling brake fluid on painted, plastic, or rubber
parts may cause damage to the parts. Place a
clean towel on the above-mentioned parts for
protection when servicing the brake system.
Keep the brake fluid beyond reach of children.
To this chapter contents
1. GENERAL INFORMATION
Service Precautions
y Always use with SANYANG genuine parts and
recommended oils. Using non-designed parts
for SANYANG ATV may damage the ATV.
y Special tools are designed for remove and
install of components without damaging the
parts being worked on. Using wrong tools may
result in parts damaged.
y When servicing this ATV, use only metric tools.
Metric bolts, nuts, and screws are not
interchangeable with the English system, using
wrong tools and fasteners may damage this
vehicle.
y Clean the outside of the parts or the cover
before removing it from the ATV. Otherwise, dirt
and deposit accumulated on the part's surface
may fall into the engine, chassis, or brake
system to cause damage.
y Wash and clean parts with high ignition point
solvent, and blow dry with compressed air. Pay
special attention to O-rings or oil seals because
most cleaning agents have an adverse effect on
them.
y Never bend or twist a control cable to prevent
unsmooth control and premature worn out.
y Rubber parts may become deteriorated when
old, and prone to be damaged by solvent and oil.
Check these parts before installation to make
sure that they are in good condition, replace if
necessary.
y When loosening a component which has
different sized fasteners, operate with a
diagonal pattern and work from inside out.
Loosen the small fasteners first. If the bigger
ones are loosen first, small fasteners may
receive too much stress.
y Store complex components such as
transmission parts in the proper assemble order
and tie them together with a wire for ease of
installation later.
y Note the reassemble position of the important
components before disassembling them to
ensure they will be reassembled in correct
dimensions (depth, distance or position).
y Components not to be reused should be
replaced when disassembled including gaskets
metal seal rings, O-rings, oil seals, snap rings,
and split pins.
1-3
To this chapter contents
1. GENERAL INFORMATION
y The length of bolts and screws for assemblies,
cover plates or boxes is different from one
another, be sure they are correctly installed. In
case of confusion, Insert the bolt into the hole to
compare its length with other bolts, if its length
out side the hole is the same with other bolts, it
is a correct bolt. Bolts for the same assembly
should have the same length.
y Remove residues of the old gasket or sealant
before reinstallation, grind with a grindstone if
the contact surface has any damage.
y The ends of rubber hoses (for fuel, vacuum, or
coolant) should be pushed as far as they can go
to their connections so that there is enough
room below the enlarged ends for tightening the
clamps.
Groove
y Tighten assemblies with different dimension
fasteners as follows: Tighten all the fasteners
with fingers, then tighten the big ones with
special tool first diagonally from inside toward
outside, important components should be
tightened 2 to 3 times with appropriate
increments to avoid warp unless otherwise
indicated. Bolts and fasteners should be kept
clean and dry. Do not apply oil to the threads.
Clamp
Connector
y Rubber and plastic boots should be properly
reinstalled to the original correct positions as
designed.
Boots
y When oil seal is installed, fill the groove with
grease, install the oil seal with the name of the
manufacturer facing outside, and check the
shaft on which the oil seal is to be installed for
smoothness and for burrs that may damage the
oil seal.
y The tool should be pressed against two (inner
and outer) bearing races when removing a ball
bearing. Damage may result if the tool is
pressed against only one race (either inner race
or outer race). In this case, the bearing should
be replaced. To avoid damaging the bearing,
use equal force on both races.
Manufacturer's name
Both of these examples can result in
bearing damage.
1-4
To this chapter contents
1. GENERAL INFORMATION
y Lubricate the rotation face with specified
lubricant on the lubrication points before
assembling.
y After service completed, make sure all
connection points is secured.
Battery positive (+) cable should be connected
firstly.
y And the two posts of battery have to be greased
after connected the cables.
y Check if positions and operation for installed
parts is in correct and properly.
y Make sure service safety each other when
conducting by two persons.
y Make sure that the battery post caps are
located in properly after the battery posts had
been serviced.
y If fuse burned, it has to find out the cause and
solved it. And then replace with specified
capacity fuse.
y Note that do not let parts fall down.
Capacity
verification
y Before battery removal operation, it has to
remove the battery negative (-) cable firstly.
Notre tools like open-end wrench do not contact
with body to prevent from circuit short and
create spark.
1-5
To this chapter contents
1. GENERAL INFORMATION
y
When separating a connector, it locker has to
be unlocked firstly. Then, conduct the service
operation.
y
Do not pull the wires as removing a connector
or wires. Hold the connector body.
y Insert the terminal completely.
Check if the terminal is covered by the boot.
Do not let boot open facing up.
y Secure wires and wire harnesses to the frame
with respective wire bands at the designated
locations. Tighten the bands so that only the
insulated surfaces contact the wires or wire
harnesses.
y Make sure if the connector pins are bent,
extruded or loosen.
y Wire band and wire harness have to be
clamped secured properly.
y Insert the connector completely.
If there are two lockers on two connector sides,
make sure the lockers are locked in properly.
Check if any wire loose.
y Do not squeeze wires against the weld or its
clamp.
y Check if the connector is covered by the twin
connector boot completely and secured
properly.
y Before terminal connection, check if the boot is
crack or the terminal is loose.
1-6
To this chapter contents
1. GENERAL INFORMATION
y Do not let the wire harness contact with rotating,
moving or vibrating components as routing the
harness.
y Protect wires or wire harnesses with electrical
tape or tube if they contact a sharp edge or
corner. Thoroughly clean the surface where
tape is to be applied.
y Keep wire harnesses far away from the hot
parts.
y Secure the rubber boot firmly as applying it on
wire harness.
Never Touch
y Route wire harnesses to avoid sharp edges or
corners and also avoid the projected ends of
bolts and screws.
y Never use wires or harnesses which insulation
has been broken. Wrap electrical tape around
the damaged parts or replace them.
y Route harnesses so that they neither pull too
tight nor have excessive slack.
y Never clamp or squeeze the wire harness as
installing other components.
Never clamp or
squeeze the wire
harness
Never too tight
1-7
To this chapter contents
1. GENERAL INFORMATION
y Do not let the wire harness been twisted as
installation.
y With sand paper to clean rust on connector
pins/terminals if found. And then conduct
connection operation later.
Clean rust
y Wire harnesses routed along the handlebar
should not be pulled too tight or have excessive
slack, be rubbed against or interfere with
adjacent or surrounding parts in all steering
positions.
y Before operating a test instrument, operator
should read the operation manual of the
instrument. And then, conduct test in
accordance with the instruction.
Do you know how to set the
instrument to its
measurement position and
the insert locations of its
two probes?
1-8
To this chapter contents
1. GENERAL INFORMATION
Specifications
Overall Length
1890 mm
Overall Width
1055 mm
Overall Height
1115 mm
Wheel Base
1200 mm
Front
810 mm
Rear
805 mm
Front
109 kg
Rear
114 kg
Total
223 kg
Passengers/Weight
Front
Wheel tread
Curb Weight
Weight
SANYANG
Total Weight
Cylinder
UA25A
Suspension
System
Tire Specifications
Front
Double arm
Rear
Unit Swing
Front
AT22x7-10 (off road)
Rear
AT22x10-9 (off road)
Rim
Aluminum
Brake System
Front
Disk (ψ175mm)
Rear
Disk (ψ220mm)
Max. Speed
Above 80 km/hr
Climb Ability
Below 25°
Two /150 kg
142 kg
Primary
Reduction
Belt
Rear
231 kg
Total
373 kg
Secondary
Reduction
Gear / Sprocket
Performance
Reduction
Type
4-Stroke Engine
Clutch
Centrifugal, dry type
Installation and
arrangement
Vertical, below center,
incline
Transmission
C.V.T., auto speed
change
Fuel Used
Above 92 unleaded
Speedometer
0 ~ 100 km/hr
Cycle/Cooling
4-stroke/water cooled
Horn
93~112 dB/A
Bore
Engine
MODEL
Stroke
Number/Arrange
ment
Muffler
Expansion & Pulse
Type
Exhaust Pipe Position and
Direction
Left side, and
Backward
Lubrication System
Forced circulation &
splashing
Ø71 mm
63 mm
Single Cylinder
Displacement
249.4 cc
Compression Ratio
10.5 : 1
Max. HP
13.2kw / 7000rpm
Max. Torque
20.6Nm / 5500rpm
Exhaust
Concentration
Dimension
MAKER
Solid Particulate
CO
Below 7.0 g/ km
HC
Below 1.5g/ km
Nox
Below 0.4g/ km
Ignition
C.D.I.
E.E.C.
─
Starting System
Electrical starter
P.C.V.
─
Air filtration
Sponge
Catalytic reaction control
system
─
1-9
To this chapter contents
1. GENERAL INFORMATION
Specifications
Overall Length
1890 mm
Overall Width
1055 mm
Overall Height
1115 mm
Wheel Base
1200 mm
Front
810 mm
Rear
805 mm
Front
109 kg
Rear
114 kg
Total
223 kg
Passengers/Weight
Front
Wheel tread
Curb Weight
Weight
SANYANG
Total Weight
Cylinder
Engine
UA25A1
Suspension
System
Tire Specifications
Front
Double arm
Rear
Unit Swing
Front
AT22x7-10 (on road)
Rear
AT22x10-9 (on road)
Rim
Aluminum
Brake System
Front
Disk (ψ175mm)
Rear
Disk (ψ220mm)
Max. Speed
Above 80 km/hr
Climb Ability
Below 25°
Two /150 kg
142 kg
Primary
Reduction
Belt
Rear
231 kg
Total
373 kg
Secondary
Reduction
Gear / Sprocket
Performance
Reduction
Type
4-Stroke Engine
Clutch
Centrifugal, dry type
Installation and
arrangement
Vertical, below center,
incline
Transmission
C.V.T., auto speed
change
Fuel Used
Above 92 unleaded
Speedometer
0 ~ 100 km/hr
Cycle/Cooling
4-stroke/water cooled
Horn
93~112 dB/A
Bore
1-10
MODEL
Stroke
Number/Arrange
ment
Muffler
Expansion & Pulse
Type
Exhaust Pipe Position and
Direction
Left side, and
Backward
Lubrication System
Forced circulation &
splashing
Ø71 mm
63 mm
Single Cylinder
Displacement
249.4 cc
Compression Ratio
10.5 : 1
Max. HP
13.2kw / 7000rpm
Max. Torque
20.6Nm / 5500rpm
Exhaust
Concentration
Dimension
MAKER
Solid Particulate
CO
Below 7.0 g/ km
HC
Below 1.5g/ km
Nox
Below 0.4g/ km
Ignition
C.D.I.
E.E.C.
─
Starting System
Electrical starter
P.C.V.
─
Air filtration
Sponge
Catalytic reaction control
system
─
To this chapter contents
1. GENERAL INFORMATION
Torque Values
The torque values listed in above table are for more important tighten torque values. Please see standard
values for not listed in the table.
Standard Torque Values for Reference
Type
5 mm bolt、nut
6 mm bolt、nut
8 mm bolt、nut
10 mm bolt、nut
12 mm bolt、nut
Tighten Torque
Type
0.45~0.6kgf-m
0.8~1.2kgf-m
1.8~2.5kgf-m
3.0~4.0kgf-m
5.0~6.0kgf-m
5 mm screw
6 mm screw、SH nut
6 mm bolt、nut
8 mm bolt、nut
10 mm bolt、nut
Tighten Torque
0.35~0.5kgf-m
0.7~ 1.1kgf-m
1.0 ~1.4kgf-m
2.4 ~3.0kgf-m
3.5~4.5kgf-m
Engine Torque Values
Item
Cylinder stud bolt
Cylinder head nut
Cylinder head right bolt
Cylinder head side cover bolt
Cylinder head cover bolt
Cylinder head stud bolt (inlet pipe)
Cylinder head stud bolt (EX. pipe)
Air inject pipe bolt
Air inject reed valve bolt
Tappet adjustment screw nut
Spark plug
Tensioner lifter bolt
Carburetor insulator bolt
Oil pump screw
Water pump impeller
Engine left cover bolt
Engine oil draining bolt
Engine oil strainer cap
Mission draining bolt
Mission filling bolt
Shift drum fixing bolt
Clutch driving plate nut
Clutch outer nut
Drive face nut
ACG. Flywheel nut
Crankcase bolts
Mission case bolt
Q’ty Thread Dia. (mm) Torque Value(kgf-m)
4
4
2
2
4
2
2
4
2
4
1
2
2
2
1
9
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
7
7
10
8
8
6
6
6
8
6
3
5
10
6
6
3
7
6
12
30
8
12
14
28
14
14
14
6
8
1.0~1.4
3.6~4.0
2.0~2.4
1.0~1.4
1.0~1.4
1.0~1.4
2.4~3.0
1.0~1.4
0.07~0.09
0.7~1.1
1.0~1.2
1.0~1.4
0.7~1.1
0.1~0.3
1.0~1.4
1.1~1.5
3.5~4.5
1.3~1.7
1.1~1.5
3.5~4.5
3.5~4.5
5.0~6.0
5.0~6.0
8.5~10.5
5.0~6.0
0.8~1.2
2.6~3.0
Remarks
Apply oil to thread
1-11
To this chapter contents
1. GENERAL INFORMATION
Frame Torque Values
Item
Handlebar upper holder bolt
Steering shaft nut
Steering tie-rod nut
Knuckle nut
Steering shaft holder bolt
Tie rod lock nut
Handlebar under holder nut
Front wheel nut
Front axle castle nut
Rear axle castle nut
Rear wheel nut
Engine hanger nut
Rear axle holder bolt
Drive gear bolt
Driven gear nut
Swing arm pivot bolt
Front suspension arm nut
Front / Rear cushion mounting bolt
Brake lever nut
Brake hose bolt
Brake caliper bolt
Brake disk mounting bolt
Air-bleed valve
Exhaust muffler mounting bolt
Exhaust muffler connection nut
1-12
Q’ty Thread Dia. (mm) Torque Value(kgf-m)
4
1
4
2
2
4
2
8
2
2
8
4
4
2
4
1
4
6
2
13
6
11
3
2
2
6
10
10
10
8
10
8
10
14
14
10
12
12
10
10
14
10
10
6
10
6
8
5
8
7
2.40
5.00
5.00
5.00
3.40
3.60
4.00
2.40
5.00
5.00
2.40
8.50
9.20
4.6
4.6
9.20
5.00
4.60
1.00
3.50
3.25
4.25
0.50
3.00
1.20
Remarks
To this chapter contents
1. GENERAL INFORMATION
Troubles Diagnosis
A. Engine hard to start or can not be started
Check and adjustment
Fault condition
Loosen carburetor drain bolt to
check if there is gasoline inside
the carburetor
Fuel supplied tom
carburetor sufficient
No fuel is supplied to
carburetor
Remove spark plug, install it
into spark plug cap, and perform
a spark test against engine
ground.
Check if sparks
Weak sparks, no spark at
all
Perform cylinder compression
pressure test.
Cylinder compression
pressure normal
Low compression
pressure or no pressure
Re-start by following the starting
procedures
No ignition
Probable causes
y No fuel in fuel tank
y Check if the pipes, fuel tank to carburetor
and intake vacuum, are clogged.
y Float valve clogged
y Lines in fuel tank evaporation system
clogged
y Malfunction of fuel pump
y Loosen or damaged fuel pump vacuum
hose
y Fuel filter clogged
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
Malfunction of spark plug
Spark plug foul
Malfunction of CDI set
Malfunction of AC generator
Ignition coil is in open or short circuit
Ignition coil leads open or short circuit
Malfunction of main switch
y
y
y
y
y
Piston ring seized
Malfunction of cylinder valves
Worn cylinder and piston ring
Cylinder gasket leak
Sand hole in compression parts
There are some signs of
ignition; nut engine can
not be started
y Malfunction of throttle valve operation
y Air sucked into intake manifold
y Incorrect ignition timing
Wet spark plug
y Fuel level in carburetor too high
y Malfunction of throttle valve operation
y Throttle valve opening too wide
Blowing clogged
y Malfunction of automatic by- starter
Remove the spark plug again
and check it.
Dry spark plug
Remove carburetor after 30
minutes and connect a hose
onto fuel rich circuit. Then blow
the hose with air
Blowing in normal
1-13
To this chapter contents
1. GENERAL INFORMATION
B. Engine run sluggish (Speed does not pick up, lack of power)
Check and adjustment
Fault condition
Probable causes
Try gradual acceleration and
check engine speed
Engine speed can be
increased.
Engine speed can not be
increased.
Check ignition timing (Using
ignition lamp)
Ignition timing correct
Incorrect ignition timing
y Air cleaner clogged
y Poor fuel supply
y Lines in fuel tank evaporation system
clogged
y Exhaust pipe clogged
y Fuel nozzle clogged in carburetor.
y Fuel nozzle clogged in carburetor.
y Malfunction of CDI
y Malfunction of AC alternator
Check cylinder compression
pressure (using compression
pressure gauge)
Compression pressure
correct
No compression pressure
y
y
y
y
y
Clogged
y Remove foreign
Fouled and discoloration
y Remove dirt
y Incorrect spark plug heat range
Cylinder & piston ring worn out
Cylinder gasket leaked
Sand hole in compression parts
Valve deterioration
Seized piston ring
Check if carburetor jet is
clogged
No clogged
Remove spark plug
No foul or discoloration
Check if engine over heat
Normal
Engine overheat
y
y
y
y
Piston and cylinder worn out
Lean mixture
Poor fuel quality
Too much carbon deposited in
combustion chamber
y Ignition timing too advanced
y Poor circuit on the cooling system
Continually drive in acceleration
or high speed
No knock
1-14
Knock
y Too much carbon deposited in
combustion chamber
y Lean mixture
y Poor fuel quality
y Ignition timing too advanced
To this chapter contents
1. GENERAL INFORMATION
C. Engine runs sluggish (especially in low speed and idling)
Check and adjustment
Fault condition
Probable causes
Check ignition timing (using
ignition lamp)
Normal
Abnormal
y Incorrect ignition timing (malfunction of
CDI or AC alternator)
Poor
y Rich mixture (loosen the screw)
y Lean mixture (tighten the screw)
Adjust the air screw of
carburetor
Good
Air sucked through carburetor
gasket
No air sucked
Air sucked
Remove spark plug, install
spark plug into spark plug cap
and perform spark test against
engine ground
Good spark
Poor
y
y
y
y
y
Poor heat insulation gasket
Carburetor lock loose
Poor intake gasket
Poor carburetor O-ring
Vacuum hose crack
y
y
y
y
y
y
Spark plug fouled
Malfunction of CDI
Malfunction of AC generator
Malfunction of ignition coil
Open or short circuit in spark plug leads
Malfunction of main switch
D. Engine runs sluggish (High speed)
Check and adjustment
Fault condition
Probable causes
Check ignition timing
Normal
Abnormal
y Malfunction of CDI
y Malfunction of AC alternator
Check for fuel supplying system
in automatic fuel cup
Good
Abnormal
y Insufficient fuel in fuel tank
y Fuel filter clogged
y Restricted fuel tank vent
Clogged
y Cleaning
Check if carburetor clogged
No clogged
1-15
To this chapter contents
1. GENERAL INFORMATION
E. Clutch, driving and driving pulley
PROBABLE CAUSES
FAULT CONDITIONS
Engine can be started but
motorcycle can not be moved.
Engine running and misfire as
motorcycle initial forward moving or
jumping suddenly (rear wheel
rotating as engine in running)
Poor initial driving (Poor climbing
performance)
y
y
y
y
y
y
Drive belt worn out or deformation
Ramp plate of movable drive face damaged
Driving pulley spring broken
Clutch weights broken
Drive slide-shaft gear groove broken
Transmission gear damaged
y Clutch weights spring broken
y Clutch outer stuck with clutch weights
y Connection parts in clutch and shaft worn out or burned
y
y
y
y
y
y
Drive belt worn out or deformation
Weight roller worn out
Movable drive face shaft worn out
Driven pulley spring deformation
Driven pulley shaft worn out
Greased in drive belt and driven face.
F. Poor handling
PROBABLE CAUSES
FAULT CONDITIONS
Steering is heavy
One wheel is wobbling
Vehicle pulls to one side
1-16
y Damaged steering bearing
y Damaged steering shaft bushing
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
Bent rim
Improperly installed wheel hub
Excessive wheel bearing play
Bent swing arm
Bent frame
Swing arm pivot bushing excessively
Worn
y
y
y
y
y
Bent tie-rod
Incorrect tie-rod adjustment
Rear tie air pressure incorrect
Improper wheel alignment
Bent frame
To this chapter contents
1. GENERAL INFORMATION
G. Loss power
Check and adjustment
Fault condition
Probable causes
Raise wheels off ground and
spin by hand
Spin freely
Abnormal
Check tire pressure
Normal
Abnormal
Accelerate lightly, engine speed
can be increase
Normal
Abnormal
Check ignition timing
Normal
y
y
y
y
Brake dragging
Drive chain too tight
Damaged wheel bearing
Wheel bearing needs lubrication
y Punctured tire
y Faulty tire valve
y
y
y
y
y
Fuel / air mixture ratio too rich or lean
Clogged in air cleaner
Clogged in muffler
Restricted fuel flow
Clogged fuel tank cap breather hole
Abnormal
y Faulty pulse generator
y Faulty CDI unit
Abnormal
y Leaking head gasket
y Worn cylinder and piston rings
Clogged
y Clean
Fouled or discolored
y Clean the spark plug
y Spark plug is incorrect heat range
Test cylinder compression
Normal
Check carburetor
Normal
Check spark plug
Normal
Check for engine overheating
Normal
Overheating
y Excessive carbon deposited in
combustion chamber
y Wrong type of fuel
y Fuel / air mixture ratio is lean
y Use of poor quality fuel
Knocks
y
y
y
y
y
Accelerate or run at high speed
Normal
worn piston and cylinder
Fuel / air mixture ratio is lean
Wrong type of fuel
Ignition timing too advanced
Excessive carbon deposited in
combustion chamber
1-17
To this chapter contents
1. GENERAL INFORMATION
Lubrication Points
Drive chain
Acceleration cable/ Front & rear brake
lever pivot
Speedometer gear
1-18
Wheel bearing
Home page
Contents
2. MAINTENANCE INFORMATION
Precautions in Operation ···················· 2-1
Drive Chain ··········································· 2-7
Periodical Maintenance Schedule ······ 2-2
Brake System (Disk Brake) ················· 2-8
Fuel Lines ············································· 2-3
Acceleration Operation ······················· 2-3
Brake Light Switch/Starting Inhibitor
Switch ··················································· 2-9
Air Cleaner············································ 2-3
Headlight Beam Distance ···················· 2-10
Spark Plug ············································ 2-3
Clutch Disc Wear ································· 2-10
Valve Clearance ··································· 2-4
Cushion················································· 2-10
Carburetor Idle Speed Adjustment····· 2-5
Steering Handle···································· 2-11
Ignition System ···································· 2-6
Wheel/Tire············································· 2-11
Cylinder Compression Pressure ········ 2-6
Nuts, Bolts Tightness ·························· 2-11
Drive Belt ·············································· 2-7
Special Tools List ································ 2-12
Precautions in Operation
Specification
Fuel Tank Capacity
Capacity
1400 c.c.
Change
1200 c.c.
Capacity
750 c.c.
Change
650 c.c.
Engine + radiator
850 c.c.
Reservoir upper
420 c.c.
Engine Oil
Transmission Gear oil
Capacity of coolant
12000 c.c.
Clearance of throttle valve
Spark plug
1~3 mm
Type
NGK CR8E
Gap
0.8 mm
“F” Mark in idling speed
BTDC 10º / 1700 rpm
Full timing advanced
BTDC 27º / 4000 rpm
Idling speed
1700±100 rpm
Cylinder compression pressure
12.0 ±2 kgf/cm²
Valve clearance
Tire dimension
IN:0.10 ± 0.02 mm
EX:0.15 ± 0.02 mm
Front
AT22x7-10
Rear
AT22x10-9
Tire pressure (cold)
3.8±2 psi
Battery
12V10Ah (MF battery) type: YTX12-BS
2-1
2
To this chapter contents
2. MAINTENANCE INFORMATION
Periodical Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance
Code
Item
Every
300KM
1 Month
every
1,000KM
C
3 month
every
3,000KM
6 month
every
6000KM
1 year
every
12,000KM
R
R
1
Air cleaner
I
2
Fuel filter
I
I
3
Oil filter
C
C
4
Engine oil change
R
5
Tire pressure
I
I
6
Battery inspection
I
I
7
Brake & free ply check
I
I
8
Steering handle check
I
I
9
Cushion operation check
I
I
10
Every screw tightening check
I
I
11
Gear oil check for leaking
I
I
12
Spark plug check or change
I
13
Gear oil change
R
14
Frame lubrication
15
Exhaust pipe
I
I
16
Ignition timing
I
I
17
emission check in Idling
A
I
18
Throttle operation
I
I
19
Engine bolt tightening
I
20
CVT driving device(belt)
I
21
CVT driving device(roller)
C
22
Drive chain
I/L
I/L
23
Lights/electrical
equipment/multi-meters
I
I
24
Fuel lines
I
I
25
Cam chain
I
I
26
I
28
Valve clearance
Lines & connections in cooling
t
Coolant reservoir
I
I
29
Coolant
I
I
27
15 month
every
14,500KM
Replacement for every 1000 km
I
R
Replacement for every 5000 km
L
I
I
R
C
A
I
R
Code: I ~ Inspection, cleaning, and adjustment
R ~ Replacement
C ~ Cleaning (replaced if necessary)
L ~ Lubrication
Have your ATV checked, adjusted, and recorded maintenance data periodically by your SYM Authorized Dealer to
maintain the ATV at the optimum condition
The above maintenance schedule is established by taking the monthly 1000 kilometers as a reference which ever
comes first.
Remarks: 1. Clean or replace the air cleaner element more often when the ATV is operated on dusty roads or in
the Heavily- polluted environment.
2. Maintenance should be performed more often if the ATV is frequently operated in high speed and
after the ATV has accumulated a higher mileage.
3. Preventive maintenance
a. Ignition system-Perform maintenance and check when continuous abnormal ignition, misfire,
after-burn, overheating occur.
b. Carbon deposit removal-Remove carbon deposits in cylinder head, piston heads, exhaust system
when power is obvious lower. Than ever
2-2
To this chapter contents
2. MAINTENANCE INFORMATION
Fuel Lines
Fuel tank
Remove
seat.and 2 bolts
Loosen 2the
screws
Remove the tank cover
Check all lines, and replace it when they are
deterioration, damage or leaking
Fuel hose
Warning
Gasoline is a low ignition material so any kind of
fire is strictly prohibited as dealing it.
Vacuum hose
Fuel filter
Acceleration Operation
Have a wide open of throttle valve as handle in
any position and release it to let back original (full
closed) position.
Check handle if its operation is smooth.
Check acceleration cable and replace it if
deteriorated, twisted or damaged.
Lubricate the cable if operation is not smooth.
Measure the throttle lever free play in its flange
part.
Remove rubber boot, loosen fixing nut, and then
adjust it by turning the adjustment screw.
Tighten the fixing nut, and check acceleration
operation condition.
Lock nut
Free play: 1~3 mm.
Throttle adjustment screw
Air Cleaner
Remove seat.
loosen 4 hooks from the air cleaner cover and
then remove the cover.
Loosen the clamp strip and 1 screw of air cleaner
element, and then remove the air cleaner element.
Clean the element with non-flammable or
high-flash point solvent and then squeeze it for
dry.
Element
Clamp
Caution
Never use gasoline or acid organized solvent to
clean the element.
Soap the element into cleaning engine oil and then
squeeze it out. Install the element onto the
element seat and then install the air cleaner cover.
Spark Plug
Recommended spark plug: CR8E
Remove spark plug cap.
Clean dirt around the spark plug hole.
Remove spark plug.
Measure spark plug gap.
Spark plug gap:0.8 mm
Carefully bend ground electrode of the plug to
adjust the gap if necessary.
Hold spark plug washer and install the spark plug
by screwing it.
Tighten the plug by turning 1/2 turn more with plug
socket after installed.
Tighten torque: 1.0~1.2kgf-m
Ground electrode
Central electrode
0.8~0.9mm
2-3
To this chapter contents
2. MAINTENANCE INFORMATION
Valve Clearance
Timing mark
Caution
Checks and adjustment must be performed when
the engine temperature is below 35℃.
Remove front fender, fuel tank cover and fuel tank.
Remove cylinder head cover.
Remove cylinder head side cover.
Turn camshaft bolt in C.W. direction and let the “T”
mark on the camshaft sprocket align with cylinder
head mark so that piston is placed at TDC position
in compression stroke.
Caution
Do not turn the bolt in C.C.W. direction to prevent
from camshaft bolt looseness.
Valve clearance inspection and adjustment.
Check & adjust valve clearance with feeler gauge.
Standard Value:
IN 0.10 ± 0.02 mm
EX 0.15 ± 0.02 mm
Loosen fixing nut and turn the adjustment nut for
adjustment.
Caution
Re-check the valve clearance after tightened the
fixing nut.
2-4
2 bolts
To this chapter contents
2. MAINTENANCE INFORMATION
Carburetor Idle Speed Adjustment
Ignition cable
Caution
y Inspection & adjustment for idle speed have to
be performed after all parts in engine that
needed adjustment have been adjusted.
y Idle speed check and adjustment have to be
done after engine is being warm up. (It is
enough that operates engine from stop to
running for 10 minutes.)
Park the ATV with main stand and warm up
engine.
Connect tachometer (the wire clamp of tachometer
is connected to the high tension cable).
Turn the throttle valve stopper screw to specified
idle speed.
Specified idle speed: 1700 ± 100 rpm
Stopper screw
Emission adjustment in idle speed
Warm up the engine for around 10 minutes and
then conduct this adjustment.
1. Connect the tachometer onto engine.
2. Adjust the throttle valve stopper screw and let
engine runs in 1600±100 rpm.
3. Insert the exhaust sampling pipe of exhaust
analyzer into the front section of exhaust pipe.
Adjust the air adjustment screw so that
emission value in idle speed is within standard.
4. Slightly accelerate the throttle valve and
release it immediately. Repeat this for 2~3
times.
5. Read engine RPM and value on the exhaust
analyzer. Repeat step 2 to step 4 procedures
until measured value within standard.
Emission standard CO: below 2.5~3.5%
HC: below 2000ppm
Air adjustment screw
2-5
To this chapter contents
2. MAINTENANCE INFORMATION
Ignition System
Caution
y C.D.I ignition system is set by manufacturer so
it can not be adjusted.
y Ignition timing check procedure is for checking
whether CDI function is in normal or not.
Connect tachometer and ignition light.
Start engine.
As engine in idle speed: 1600 rpm, aim at the
mark “F” with the ignition light. Then, it is means
that ignition timing is correct.
Increase engine speed to 6000 rpm to check
ignition advance degree. If indent is located within
the ignition advance degrees, it is means that the
ignition advance degree is in normal.
If ignition timing is incorrect, check CDI set, pulse
rotor and pulse generator. Replace it if
malfunction of these parts is found.
Cylinder Compression Pressure
Warm up engine.
Turn off the engine.
Remove the trunk.
Remove the central cover.
Remove spark plug cap and spark plug.
Install compression gauge.
Full open the throttle valve, and rotate the engine
by means of starter motor.
Caution
Rotate the engine until the reading in the gauge
no more increasing.
Usually, the highest pressure reading will be
obtained in 4~7 seconds.
Compression pressure: 12 ± 2 Kg/cm²
Check following items if the pressure is too low:
y Incorrect valve clearance.
y Valve leaking.
y Cylinder head leaking, piston, piston ring and
cylinder worn out.
If the pressure is too high, it means carbon
deposits in combustion chamber or piston head.
2-6
CDI unit
To this chapter contents
2. MAINTENANCE INFORMATION
Drive Belt
Clamp strips
Loosen the 2 clamp strips of left crankcase cover,
and then remove the left crankcase cover vapor
hose.
Remove 9 bolts of the engine left side cover and
the cover.
9 bolts
Check if the belt is crack or worn out.
Replace the belt if necessary or in accord with the
periodical maintenance schedule to replace it.
Width limit: 22.5 mm or above
Teeth
Width
Drive Chain
Check the drive chain
Park the ATV on a level ground, and shift the
transmission onto neutral.
Measure the drive chain slack midway between
the sprockets.
Chain slack: 15~25mm (5/8~1 inch)
2 nuts
Adjust the chain slack
Loosen the axle holder lock nuts and bolts
Loosen drive chain adjusting bolt lock nut and turn
drive chain adjusting bolt until get the correct
slack.
Tighten the axle holder nuts and bolts.
Lock nut
Torque: 3.25kgf-m
Adjustment bolt
2-7
To this chapter contents
2. MAINTENANCE INFORMATION
Brake System (Disk Brake)
Brake System Hose
Make sure the brake hoses for corrosion or
leaking oil.
Brake Fluid
Check brake fluid level in the brake fluid
reservoir. If the level is lower than the LOWER
limit, add brake fluid to UPPER limit. Also check
brake system for leaking if low brake level found
Caution
y In order to maintain brake fluid in the reservoir
in horizontal position, do not remove the cap
until handle stop.
y Do not operate the brake lever after the cap
had been removed. Otherwise, the brake fluid
will spread out if operated the lever.
y Do not mix non-compatible brake fluid together.
Filling Out Brake Fluid
Tighten the drain valve, and add brake fluid.
Operate the brake lever so that brake fluid
contents inside the brake system hoses.
Screws
Master cylinder cap
Diaphragm plate
Air Bleed Operation
Upper
Diaphragm
Connect a transparent hose to draining valve.
Hold the brake lever and open air bleeding valve.
Perform this operation alternative until there is no
air inside the brake system hoses.
Caution
Before closing the air bleed valve, do not release
the brake lever.
Air bubble
Drain valve
Added Brake Fluid
Add brake fluid to UPPER limit lever.
Recommended brake fluid: DOT3 or DOT4 WELL
RUN brake fluid.
Caution
Never mix or use dirty brake fluid to prevent from
damage brake system or reducing brake
performance.
2-8
Transparent hose
To this chapter contents
2. MAINTENANCE INFORMATION
Brake Lining Wear
The indent mark on brake lining is the wear
limitation.
Replace the brake lining if the wear limit mark
closed to the edge of brake disc.
Front brake
Lining
Caution
y To check front brake lining must be remove
front wheel first.
y It is not necessary to remove brake hose when
replacing the brake lining.
Brake lining wear
limitation groove
Brake disk
Brake Lining Replacement (refer chapter
14)
Make sure the brake lining condition. Replace
the lining if the brake lining wear limitation groove
close to the brake disc.
Rear brake
Brake lining wear
limitation groove
Caution
y Do not operate the brake lever after the clipper
removed to avoid clipping the brake lining.
y In order to maintain brake power balance, the
brake lining must be replaced with one set.
Brake Light Switch/Starting Inhibitor
Switch
Brake switch
The brake light switch is to light up brake light as
brake applied.
Make sure that electrical starter can be operated
only under brake applying.
Brake switch
2-9
To this chapter contents
2. MAINTENANCE INFORMATION
Headlight Beam Distance
Turn on main switch
Headlight beam adjustment. Turn the headlight
adjustment screw to adjust headlight beam high.
Caution
y To adjust the headlight beam follows related
regulations.
y Improper headlight beam adjustment will
make in coming driver dazzled or insufficient
lighting.
Adjust screw
Clutch Disc Wear
Clutch weight
Run the ATV and increase throttle valve opening
gradually to check clutch operation.
If the ATV is in forward moving and shaking, check
clutch disc condition. Replace it
Drive plate
Cushion
Warning
y Do not ride the ATV with poor cushion.
y Looseness, wear or damage cushion will make
poor stability and drive-ability.
Front cushion
Press down the front cushion for several times to
check it operation.
Check if it is damage
Replace relative parts if damage found.
Tighten all nuts and bolts.
Rear Cushion
Press down the rear cushion for several times to
check it operation.
Check if it is damage
Replace relative parts if damage found.
2-10
To this chapter contents
2. MAINTENANCE INFORMATION
Steering Handle
Caution
Check all wires and cables if they are interfered
with the rotation of steering handle bar.
Lift the front wheel out of ground.
Turn handle from right to left alternative and check
if turning is smoothly.
If handle turning is uneven and bending, or the
handle can be operated in vertical direction, then
check the handle top bearing.
Wheel/Tire
Caution
Tire pressure check should be done as cold
engine.
Check if tire surface is ticked with nails, stones or
other materials.
Appointed tire pressure
Tire size
Front tire
Tire pressure as cold
Rear tire
3.8±2psi
Check if front and rear tires’ pressure is in normal.
Measure tire thread depth from tire central surface.
Replace the tire if the depth is not come with
following specification:
Front tire: 1.5 mm
Rear tire: 2.0 mm
Nuts, Bolts Tightness
Perform periodical maintenance in accord with the
Periodical Maintenance Schedule
Check if all bolts and nuts on the frame are
tightened securely.
Check all fixing pins, snap rings, hose clamp, and
wire holders for security.
2-11
To this chapter contents
2. MAINTENANCE INFORMATION
Special Tools List
NAME
Rocker arm pin puller
NAME
NO
SYM-1445100
NO
NAME
Tappet adjuster
NAME
NO
SYM-9001209
NO
NAME
Left crank seal driver
NAME
NO
SYM-1332100-HMA
NO
NAME
Bearing driver 6205LLU
NAME
NO
2-12
SYM-9100410/440
NO
Tappet adjusting wrench
SYM-9001200
NO
Valve cotter remove &
assembly tool
SYM-1471110/20
SYM-2341110-HMA
Rear axle bearing driver
RA1
Tappet adjusting wrench
SYM-1472100
NAME
AC.G. Flywheel puller
NO
SYM-3110000-HMA
NAME
Drive shaft puller
SYM-9100100
A3017
NAME
NO
NAME
NO
Driver shaft install bush & seal
driver
SYM-9120200-HMA
Counter shaft needle bearing
drive HK1516
SYM-9100200-HMA
To this chapter contents
2. MAINTENANCE INFORMATION
NAME
NO
NAME
NO
Counter shaft needle bearing
driver HK2016
SYM-9100300-RB1
Bearing driver 6205
SYM-9615000
NAME
NO
NAME
NO
(12*20*5)
NAME
NO
Water pump oil seal driver
SYM-9120500-H9A
Bearing driver 6305
SYM-2341110
Seal driver 14x28x7 &14x26x6
SYM-9120600 RB1 RA1
Left crank case cover bearing
NAME driver 6000
NO
SYM-9615000-RA1 6000
NAME Seal driver 30x40x5
NO
SYM-9120100-RA1
(6901)
NAME
NO
(6301)
Water pump bearing driver
SYM-9100100
NAME
NO
Water pump mechanical
seal driver
SYM-1721700-H9A
(6204)
NAME
BEARING DRIVER
NAME
BEARING DRIVER
NO
SYM-9610000
NO
SYM-9110400
NAME Lock nut driver
NO
SYM-9020100
2-13
To this chapter contents
2. MAINTENANCE INFORMATION
NAME
NO
NAME
NO
Inner bearing puller
SYM-6204002
Universal holder
SYM-2210100
NAME
NO
NAME
NO
Inner bearing puller
SYM-6204022
Clutch nut wrench
SYM-9020200
NAME Outer bearing puller
NO
NAME Clutch spring compressor
NO
NO
Rear axle nut wrench
SYM-HT06007
NAME
NO
Torque wrench
SYM-HT07004-RA1
NAME Rear axle nut torque wrench
NO
NAME
NAME
NAME
NO
NO
NO
2-14
SYM-2301000
(55mm)
(55mm)
NAME
SYM-6204001
SYM-4230200
Home page
Contents
3. LUBRICATION SYSTEM
Mechanism Diagram ······························ 3-1
Engine Oil Strainer Clean ······················ 3-3
Precautions in Operation ······················ 3-2
Oil Pump ················································· 3-4
Troubleshooting ···································· 3-2
Gear Oil ··················································· 3-7
3
Engine Oil ··············································· 3-3
Mechanism Diagram
Valve Rocker Arm
Press-In Lubrication
Cam Shaft
Oil Route
Spray Lubrication
Con-Rod
Oil Route
Spray Lubrication
Press-In Lubrication
Rotate Direction
Oil Pump
Oil Strainer
3-1
To this chapter contents
3. LUBRICATION SYSTEM
Precautions in Operation
General Information:
z
This chapter contains maintenance operation
for the engine oil pump and gear oil
replacement.
Specifications
Engine oil quantity
Change: 1200c.c.
SAE 10W-30 (Recommended
King serial oils)
Oil viscosity
Gear oil
Disassembly: 1400 c.c.
Disassembly:
Change:
750c.c.
650c.c.
Gear oil viscosity SAE 140
(Recommended SYM Hypoid gear oils)
單位:mm
Items
Standard (mm)
Limit (mm)
0.15
0.20
Clearance between outer rotor and body
0.15~0.20
0.25
Clearance between rotor side and body
0.04~0.09
0.12
Inner rotor clearance
Oil pump
Torque value
Torque value oil strainer cap
1.3~1.7kgf-m
Engine oil drain bolt
3.5~4.5kgf-m
Gear oil drain bolt
Gear oil join bolt
1.1~1.5kgf-m
3.5~4.5kgf-m
Oil pump connection screw
0.1~0.3kgf-m
Troubleshooting
Low engine oil level
Dirty oil
y Oil leaking
y Valve guide or seat worn out
y Piston ring worn out
y No oil change in periodical
y Cylinder head gasket damage
y Piston ring worn out
Low oil pressure
y Low engine oil level
y Clogged in oil strainer, circuits or pipes
y Oil pump damage
3-2
To this chapter contents
3. LUBRICATION SYSTEM
Engine Oil
Turn off engine, and park the ATV in flat surface
with main stand.
Check oil level with oil dipstick.
So not screw the dipstick into engine as
checking.
If oil level is nearly low level, fill out
recommended oil to upper level.
Oil Change
Drain bolt
Caution
Drain oil as engine warmed up so that makes
sure oil can be drained smoothly and completely.
Place an oil pan under the ATV, and remove oil
drain bolt.
After drained, make sure washer can be re-used.
Install oil drain bolt.
Torque value:3.5~4.5kgf-m
Engine Oil Strainer Clean
Drain engine oil out.
Remove oil strainer and spring.
Clean oil strainer.
Check if O-ring can be re-used.
Install oil strainer and spring.
Install oil strainer cap.
Torque value:1.3~1.7kgf-m
Add oil to crankcase (oil viscosity SAE 10W-30)
Recommended using King serial oil.
Engine oil capacity: 1200c.c. when replacing
Install dipstick, start the engine for running
several minutes.
Turn off engine, and check oil level again.
Check if engine oil leaks.
Oil strainer cap
O-ring
Oil strainer
3-3
To this chapter contents
3. LUBRICATION SYSTEM
Oil Pump
Oil Pump Removal
Remove generator and starting gear. (Refer to
chapter 10) 。
Clip
Remove cir clip and take out oil pump driving
chain and sprocket.
Make sure that pump shaft can be rotated freely.
Remove 2 screws on the oil pump, and then
remove oil pump.
2 screws
Oil Pump Disassembly
1 screw
Remove the screws on oil pump cover and
remove the cover.
Remove oil pump shaft roller and shaft.
Roller
3-4
To this chapter contents
3. LUBRICATION SYSTEM
Oil Pump Inspection
Check the clearance between oil pump body and
outer rotor.
Limit: 0.25 mm
Check clearance between inner and outer rotors.
Limit: 0.20 mm
Check clearance between rotor side face and
pump body
Limit: 0.12 mm
Oil Pump Re-assembly
Pins
Install inner and outer rotors into the pump body.
Align the indent on driving shaft with that of inner
rotor.
Install the oil pump shaft and roller.
Install the oil pump cover and fixing pins properly.
3-5
To this chapter contents
3. LUBRICATION SYSTEM
Tighten the oil pump screw.
1 screw
Roller
Oil Pump Installation
Install the oil pump, and then tighten screws.
Torque value:0.1~0.3kgf-m
Make sure that oil pump shaft can be rotated
freely.
2 screws
Install oil pump drive chain and sprocket, and
then install cir clip onto oil pump shaft.
Install starting gear and generator.
(Refer to chapter 10)
3-6
Clip
To this chapter contents
3. LUBRICATION SYSTEM
Gear Oil
Gear oil join bolt
Gear Oil Change
Remove oil join bolt.
Remove drain bolt and drain gear oil out.
Install the drain bolt after drained.
Torque value: 1.1~1.5kgf-m
Make sure that the drain bolt washer can be
re-used.
Add oil to specified quantity from the join hole.
Gear Oil Quantity: 650c.c. when replacing
Make sure that the join bolt washer can be
re-used, and install the bolt.
Torque value: 3.5~4.5kgf-m
Start engine and run engine for 2-3 minutes.
Turn off engine and make sure that oil level is in
correct level.
Make sure that no oil leaking.
Gear oil drain bolt
3-7
To this chapter contents
3. LUBRICATION SYSTEM
Notes:
3-8
Home page
Contents
4. FUEL SYSTEM
Mechanism Diagram ............................ 4-1
Throttle Valve .......................................4-6
Precautions in Operation..................... 4-2
Float Chamber......................................4-7
Trouble Diagnosis................................ 4-3
Adjustment of Idle Speed....................4-9
Carburetor Remove / Install ................ 4-4
Fuel Tank ..............................................4-10
Air Cut-Off Valve .................................. 4-5
Air Cleaner............................................4-11
Mechanism Diagram
Fuel tank cap
Fuel unit
Fuel tank
Auto fuel cock
Carburetor
Fuel strainer
Inlet pipe
4-1
4
To this chapter contents
4. FUEL SYSTEM
Precautions in Operation
General Information
Warning
Gasoline is a low ignition point and explosive materials, so always work in a well-ventilated place and
strictly prohibit flame when working with gasoline.
Cautions
y Do not bend off throttle cable. Damaged throttle cable will make unstable drive-ability.
y When disassembling fuel system parts, pay attention to O-ring position, replace with new one as
re-assembly
y There is a drain screw in the float chamber for draining residual gasoline.
y Do not disassemble air cut valve arbitrarily.
Specification
ITEM
UA25A
Carburetor diameter
Ø22mm
I.D. number
PTG 050
Fuel level
14.8mm
Main injector
# 110
Idle injector
# 35
Idle speed
1700 ± 100rpm
Throttle handle clearance
1~3 mm
Pilot screw
2 turns
Tool
Special service tools
Vacuum/air pressure pump
Fuel level gauge
4-2
To this chapter contents
4. FUEL SYSTEM
Trouble Diagnosis
Poor engine start
Mixture too lean
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
No fuel in fuel tank
Clogged fuel tube
Too much fuel in cylinder
No spark from spark plug(malfunction of ignition
system )
y Clogged air cleaner
y Malfunction of carburetor chock
y Malfunction of throttle operation
Clogged fuel injector
Vacuum piston stick and closed
Malfunction of float valve
Fuel level too low in float chamber
Clogged fuel tank cap vent
Clogged fuel filter
Obstructed fuel pipe
Clogged air vent hose
Air existing in intake system
Stall after started
y
y
y
y
y
y
Malfunction of carburetor chock
Incorrect ignition timing
Malfunction of carburetor
Dirty engine oil
Air existing in intake system
Incorrect idle speed
Mixture too rich
y
y
y
y
y
Clogged air injector
Malfunction of float valve
Fuel level too high in float chamber
Malfunction of carburetor chock
Dirty air cleaner
Rough idle
y
y
y
y
Malfunction of ignition system
Incorrect idle speed
Malfunction of carburetor
Dirty fuel
Intermittently misfire as acceleration
y Malfunction of ignition system
Late ignition timing
y Malfunction of ignition system
y Malfunction of carburetor
Power insufficiency and fuel consuming
y Fuel system clogged
y Malfunction of ignition system
4-3
To this chapter contents
4. FUEL SYSTEM
Carburetor Remove / Install
Removal
Drain out fuel in the float chamber.
Drain bolt
Loosen the choke cable fixed iron sheet screw
from plate.
Remove the choke cable.
1 screw
Choke cable
Vacuum pipe
Fuel pipe
Disconnect the fuel hose.
Release the clamp strip of air cleaner.
Clamp
Remove the carburetor upper parts from the
carburetor.
Release the 2 nuts of carburetor insulator, and
then remove the carburetor.
Installation
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
2 nuts
4-4
To this chapter contents
4. FUEL SYSTEM
Air Cut-Off Valve
2 screws
Disassembly
Remove 2 screws.
Remove air cut-off valve cover, spring and valve.
O-ring
Spring
Air cut-off valve
Cover
Inspection
Check the valve is in normal.
If the valve is in normal, it will restrict air-flow.
If air-flow is no restricting, replace carburetor
assembly.
Check the vacuum pipe o-ring is in normal.
Assembly
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
4-5
To this chapter contents
4. FUEL SYSTEM
Throttle Valve
Disassembly
Remove carburetor upper parts, and then remove
throttle valve and throttle cable.
Throttle valve
Disconnect the throttle cable from the throttle
valve and remove the valve spring.
Remove the fuel needle clamp and fuel needle.
Spring
Assembly
Place the fuel needle onto the throttle valve and
clip it with needle clamp.
Install the sealed cap, carburetor upper part, and
throttle valve spring.
Connect the throttle valve cable to the throttle
valve.
Install the throttle valve into the carburetor body.
Caution
Align the groove inside the throttle valve with the
throttle stopper screw of the carburetor body.
Tighten the carburetor upper part.
Adjust the free play of throttle valve cable.
4-6
Needle clamp
Fuel needle clip
Throttle
cable
Fuel needle
To this chapter contents
4. FUEL SYSTEM
Float Chamber
Disassembly
Remove 3 mounting screws and remove float
chamber cover.
3 Screws
Remove the fuel level plate, float pin, float and
float valve.
Float
Float valve
Fuel level plate
Pin
Inspection
Pin
Check float valve and valve seat for damage,
blocking.
Check float valve for wearing, and check valve
seat face for wear, dirt.
Caution
In case of worn out or dirt, the float valve and
valve seat will not tightly close causing fuel level
to increase and as a result, fuel flooding. A worn
out or dirty float valve must be replaced with a
new a new one.
Float
Float valve
Check for wear or damage
4-7
To this chapter contents
4. FUEL SYSTEM
Remove main jet, needle jet holder, needle jet,
slow jet and air adjustment screw.
Needle jet holder
Main jet
Caution
Take care not to damage jets and adjust screw.
y Before removing adjustment screw, turn it all
the way down and note the number of turns.
y Does not turn adjust screw forcefully to avoid
damaging valve seat face.
Needle jet
Clean jets with cleaning fluid. Then use
compressed air to blow the dirt off.
Blow carburetor body passages with compressed
air.
Slow jet
Assembly
Install main jet, needle jet holder, needle jet, slow
jet and air adjustment screw.
Caution
Set the air adjustment screw in according to
number of turns noted before it was removed.
Install the float valve, float, and float pin.
Air adjustment screw
Checking fuel level
Caution
y Check again to ensure float valve, float for
proper installation.
y To ensure correct measurement, position the
float meter in such a way so that float chamber
face is vertical to the main jet.
Fuel level: 14.8mm
Float gauge
Installation of carburetor
Lock nut
Install carburetor in the reverse order of removal.
Following adjustments must be made after
installation.
˙Throttle cable adjustment.
˙Idle adjustment
Throttle adjustment screw
4-8
To this chapter contents
4. FUEL SYSTEM
Adjustment of Idle Speed
Parking brake
Caution
y Air screw was set at factory, so no adjustment
is needed. Note the number of turns it takes to
screw it all the way in for ease of installation.
y The parking brake must be used to stop the
ATV to perform the adjustments.
Use a tachometer when adjusting engine RPM.
Screw in air adjustment screw gently, then back up
to standard turns.
Standard turns: 2 turns
Warm up engine; adjust the throttle stopper screw
of throttle valve to standard RPM.
Idle speed rpm: 1700 ± 100 rpm
Connect the hose of exhaust analyzer to exhaust
front end. Press test key on the analyzer.
Adjust the pilot screw and read CO reading on the
analyzer
CO standard value: 1.0~1.5 %
Accelerate in gradual increments; make sure rpm
and CO value are in standard value after engine
running in stable. If rpm and CO value fluctuated,
repeat the procedures described above for
adjusting to standard value.
Throttle valve stopper screw
Air adjustment screw
4-9
To this chapter contents
4. FUEL SYSTEM
Fuel Tank
4 bolts
Fuel unit removal
Open the seat.
Remove the front cover and fuel tank.
Remove the side covers and lower side covers.
Remove the front fender.
(Covers remove please refer chapter 13)
Disconnect fuel unit coupler.
Remove fuel unit (4 bolts).
Caution
˙Do not bend the float arm of fuel unit
˙Do not fill out too much fuel to fuel tank.
Coupler
Fuel unit inspection (Refer to electrical equipment
chapter 17).
Fuel unit installation
Install the gauge in the reverse order of removal.
Caution
Do not forget to install the gasket of fuel unit or
damage it.
Fuel tank removal
Fuel tube
Open the seat.
Remove the front cover and fuel tank.
Remove the side covers and lower side covers.
Remove the front fender.
(Covers remove please refer chapter 13)
Disconnect fuel unit coupler.
Remove fuel unit (4 bolts).
Remove the fuel tube.
Remove the vacuum tube.
Vacuum tube
Remove fuel tank front and rear side 4 bolts, and
then remove fuel tank.
FRONT
Installation
Install the tank in the reverse order of removal.
REAR
4-10
4 bolts
To this chapter contents
4. FUEL SYSTEM
Air Cleaner
Clamp
Removal
Loosen the clamp strip of air cleaner and
carburetor, and then remove the vapor hose.
Loosen the clamp strip of air cleaner, and then
remove the air cleaner vapor hose.
Remove the air cleaner (4 bolts).
Installation
Install the tank in the reverse order of removal.
Clamp
4 bolts
4 hooks
Cleaning air cleaner element
Remove the air cleaner cover (4 catch hooks).
Remove element mounting screw.
Loosen the clamp strip of air cleaner element, and
then remove the air cleaner element.
Clean the element with non-flammable or
high-flash point solvent and then squeeze it for
dry.
Clamp
1 screw
Caution
Never use gasoline or acid organized solvent to
clean the element.
Soap the element into cleaning engine oil and then
squeeze it out. Install the element onto the
element seat and then install the air cleaner cover.
4-11
To this chapter contents
4. FUEL SYSTEM
Notes:
4-12
Home page
Contents
5. ENGINE REMOVAL
Precautions in Operation ..................... 5-1
Removal of Engine ............................... 5-2
Engine Installation ................................ 5-6
Precautions in Operation
General Information
y The engine has to be supported with special service tools that can be lifted or adjustable.
y Engine shall be removal in the conditions of necessary repair or adjustment to the only.
y The following parts can be serviced as engine mounted on frame:
Carburetor.
Drive pulley, drive belt, clutch, and movable drive face assembly.
Start motor.
AC. Generator, oil pump and start one way clutch.
Transmission.
5
Specification
Item
Capacity
Replacement
1200 c.c.
Disassembly
1400 c.c.
Replacement
650 c.c.
Disassembly
750 c.c.
Engine & radiator
780 c.c.
Reservoir
420 c.c. AS indicator shown
Total
1200 c.c.
Engine oil capacity
Gear oil capacity
Coolant capacity
Torque Value
Engine hanger bolt
Exhaust muffler mounting bolt
Exhaust muffler connection nut
7.5~9.5kgf-m
2.8~3.2kgf-m
1.0~1.4kgf-m
5-1
To this chapter contents
5. ENGINE REMOVAL
Removal of Engine
Negative
Remove the seat.
Remove battery negative post (-).
Remove battery positive (+) post.
Remove front fender and the footrest (refer chapter 13).
Positive
Remove starter motor wire.
Starter motor wire
Remove the spark plug cap.
Spark plug cap
Disconnect A.C. Generator wire couplers.
A.C.G wire couplers
5-2
To this chapter contents
5. ENGINE REMOVAL
Remove muffler protect (2 bolts).
2 bolts
Loosen muffler front side bolt.
2 bolts
Remove 2 bolts, and then remove the exhaust muffler.
2 bolts
Remove 2 nuts, and then remove exhaust pipe.
2 nuts
5-3
To this chapter contents
5. ENGINE REMOVAL
Loosen 1 screw and disconnect the choke cable.
1 screw
Choke cable
Remove fuel pipe and vacuum pipe.
Release the clamp strip of air cleaner duct.
Vacuum pipe
Fuel pipe
Clamp
Disconnect the carburetor upper parts and cable.
Release the 2 nuts of carburetor insulator, and
then remove the carburetor.
2 nuts
Release the clamp strips of left crankcase cover
ducts, and then remove the ducts.
5-4
Clamps
To this chapter contents
5. ENGINE REMOVAL
Remove coolant drain bolt, and drain out coolant.
Remove coolant inlet hoses from water pump.
Water hoses clamp
Drain bolt
Remove the thermo-sensor wire, by-pass pipe and
coolant outlet hose.
By-pass pipe
Outlet hose
Thermo-sensor wire
Remove gear change lever (1 bolt).
1 bolt
Remove change switch couplers.
Change switch couplers
5-5
To this chapter contents
5. ENGINE REMOVAL
Loosen speedometer cable mounting nut, and
then remove the cable.
Remove 3 bolts and remove drive chain protector.
Turn the socket bolt clockwise, and then remove
speedometer gear box.
Speedometer cable
3 bolts
Caution
The socket bolt is provided with left turn
thread.
Socket bolt
Remove 2 bolts, and then remove the drive
sprocket fixing plate, drive chain and drive
sprocket.
2 bolts
Remove the rear side engine hanger mounting
nuts and bolts.
Remove the front side engine hanger mounting
nut and bolt
Remove left side engine hanger, and then remove
engine by left side.
Engine Installation
Check if the bush of engine hanger parts for
damage.
Install engine in the reverse procedures of
removal.
Caution
y Pay attention of foot & hand safety as engine
installation to avoid hurting.
y Do not bend or twist wires.
y Cables wires have to be routed in accordance
with normal layout.
Engine hanger Bolt:
Torque value: 7.5~9.5kgf-m
5-6
2 nuts
1 nut
Home page
Contents
6. CYLINDER HEAD/VALVE
Mechanism Diagram ··························· 6-1
Valve Stem Replacement··················· 6-10
Precautions in Operation ··················· 6-2
Valve Seat Inspection and Service ··· 6-11
Troubleshooting·································· 6-3
Cylinder Head Reassembly ··············· 6-13
Cylinder Head Removal······················ 6-4
Cylinder Head Installation ················· 6-14
Cylinder Head Inspection··················· 6-7
Valve Clearance Adjustment············· 6-16
Mechanism Diagram
6
1.0~1.4kgf-m
1.0~1.4kgf-m
3.6~4.0kgf-m
2.4~3.0kgf-m
1.0~1.4kgf-m
1.0~1.4kgf-m
1.0~1.2kgf-m
0.7~1.1kgf-m
1.0~1.4kgf-m
1.0~1.2kgf-m
6-1
To this chapter contents
6. CYLINDER HEAD/VALVE
Precautions in Operation
General Information
y This chapter is contained maintenance and service for cylinder head, valve, and camshaft as well as
rocker arm.
y Cylinder head service can be carried out when engine is in frame.
Specification
Item
Standard
Limit
12±2 kg/cm2
---
Intake
34.880
34.860
Exhaust
34.740
34.725
ID of valve rocker arm
11.982~12.000
12.080
OD of valve rocker arm shaft
11.966~11.984
11.936
Intake
4.975~4.990
4.900
Exhaust
4.950~4.975
4.900
5.000~5.012
5.030
Compression pressure
Camshaft
Rocker arm
Height of cam lobe
OD of valve stem
ID of valve guide
Clearance between
valve stem and guide
Intake
0.010~0.037
0.080
Exhaust
0.025~0.062
0.100
Free length of valve
spring
Inner
38.700
35.200
outer
40.400
36.900
1.600
---
Intake
0.10±0.02mm
---
Exhaust
0.15±0.02mm
---
---
0.050
Valve
Valve seat width
Valve clearance
Tilt angle of cylinder head
Torque Value
Cylinder head cover bolt
Exhaust pipe stud bolt
Cylinder head bolt
Cylinder head Nut
Sealing bolt of cam chain auto-tensioner
Bolt of cam chain auto-tensioner
Cylinder side cover bolt
Cam sprocket bolt
Tappet adjustment screw nut
Spark plug
Tools
Special service tools
Valve reamer: 5.0mm
Valve guide driver: 5.0mm
Valve spring compressor
6-2
1.0~1.4kgf-m
2.4~3.0kgf-m
1.0~1.4kgf-m
3.6~4.0kgf-m
0.8~1.2kgf-m
1.2~1.6kgf-m
1.0~1.4kgf-m
1.0~1.4kgf-m
0.7~1.1kgf-m
1.0~1.2kgf-m
To this chapter contents
6. CYLINDER HEAD/VALVE
Troubleshooting
Engine performance will be affected by troubles on engine top parts. The trouble usually can be
determined or by performing cylinder compression test and judging the abnormal noise generated.
Low compression pressure
1. Valve
y Improper valve adjustment
y Burnt or bent valve
y Improper valve timing
y Valve spring damage
y Valve carbon deposit.
2. Cylinder head
y Cylinder head gasket leaking or damage
y Tilt or crack cylinder
3. Piston
y Piston ring worn out.
High compression pressure
y Too much carbon deposit on combustion chamber or piston head
Noise
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
Improper valve clearance adjustment
Burnt valve or damaged valve spring
Camshaft wear out or damage
Chain wear out or looseness
Auto-tensioner wear out or damage
Camshaft sprocket
Rocker arm or rocker arm shaft wear out
6-3
To this chapter contents
6. CYLINDER HEAD/VALVE
Cylinder Head Removal
2 nuts
Remove engine. (Refer to chapter 5)
Remove the inlet pipe (2 nuts).
Remove 1 bolt of thermostat and then remove the
thermostat.
Remove hole bolt and spring for the cam chain
tensioner.
Loosen 2 bolts, and then remove tensioner.
Remove thermostat (2 bolts).
Thermostat bolts
Tensioner bolts
Remove Air Injection system (AI) pipe mounting
bolts.
Remove spark plug.
4 bolts
Remove the side cover mounting blots of cylinder
head, and then take out the side cover.
3 bolts
6-4
Spark plug
To this chapter contents
6. CYLINDER HEAD/VALVE
Remove left crankcase cover, and turn the
Turn the drive face, and align the timing mark on
the sprocket with that of cylinder head, piston is at
TDC position.
Remove cam sprocket bolts and then remove the
sprocket by prying chain out.
Remove cam shaft setting plate (1 bolt).
Remove rocker arm shafts and rocker arms.
Special Service Tool:
Rocker arm and cam shaft puller
Timing mark
2 bolts
Cam shaft setting plate
Rocker arm shafts
Rocker arm shaft and
cam shaft puller
Remove cam shafts.
Special Service Tool:
Rocker arm and cam shaft puller
Cam shafts
Rocker arm
shaft and cam
shaft puller
6-5
To this chapter contents
6. CYLINDER HEAD/VALVE
Remove the 2 cylinder head mounting bolts from
cylinder head right side, and then remove 4 nuts
and washers from cylinder head upper side.
Remove the cylinder head.
4 Nuts
2 bolts
Gasket
Remove cylinder head gasket and 2 dowel pins.
Remove chain guide.
Clean up residues from the matching surfaces of
cylinder and cylinder head.
Caution
y Do not damage the matching surfaces of
cylinder and cylinder head.
y Avoid residues of gasket or foreign materials
falling into crankcase as cleaning.
Chain guide
Dowel pins
Use a valve cotter remove & assembly tool to
press the valve spring, and then remove valves.
Caution
y In order to avoid loosing spring elasticity, do not
press the spring too much. Thus, press length
is based on the valve cotter in which can be
removed.
Special Service Tool:
Valve cotter remove & assembly tool
Valve cotter remove
and assembly tool
Inlet valve
Exhaust valve
6-6
Inner spring
Outer spring
Spring retainer
Cotter
To this chapter contents
6. CYLINDER HEAD/VALVE
Remove valve stem seals.
Valve stem seals
Clean carbon deposits in combustion chamber.
Clean residues and foreign materials on cylinder
head matching surface.
Caution
Do not damage the matching surface of cylinder
head.
Cylinder Head Inspection
Check if spark plug and valve holes are cracked.
Measure cylinder head warp with a straightedge
and thickness gauge.
Service limit: 0.05 mm
Camshaft
Inspect cam lobe height for damaged.
Service Limit:
IN: Replacement when less than 34.860mm
EX: Replacement when less than 34.725mm
Inspect the camshaft bearing for looseness or
wear out. If any damage, replace whole set of
camshaft and bearing.
6-7
To this chapter contents
6. CYLINDER HEAD/VALVE
Rocker Arm
Measure the cam rocker arm I.D., and wear or
damage, oil hole clogged?
Service Limit: Replace when it is less than
12.080 mm.
Rocker Arm Shaft
Measure the active O.D. of the cam rocker arm
shaft and cam rocker arm.
Service Limit: Replace when it is less than
11.936 mm.
Calculate the clearance between the rocker arm
shaft and the rocker arm.
Service Limit: Replace when it is less than 0.10
mm.
Valve spring free length
Measure the free length of intake and exhaust
valve springs.
Service limit:
Inner spring 35.20 mm
Outer spring 36.90 mm
Valve stem
Check if valve stems are bend, crack or burn.
Check the operation condition of valve stem in
valve guide, and measure & record the valve stem
outer diameter.
Service Limit: IN: 4.90 mm
EX: 4.90 mm
6-8
To this chapter contents
6. CYLINDER HEAD/VALVE
Valve guide
Caution
5.0 mm valve guide reamer
Before measuring the valve guide, clean carbon
deposits with reamer.
Tool: 5.0 mm valve guide reamer
Measure and record each valve guide inner
diameters.
Service limit: 5.03 mm
The difference that the inner diameter of valve
guide deducts the outer diameter of valve stem is
the clearance between the valve stem and valve
guide.
Service Limit: IN→0.08 mm
EX→0.10 mm
Caution
If clearance between valve stem and valve guide
exceeded service limit, check whether the new
clearance that only replaces new valve guide is
within service limit or not. If so, replace valve
guide.
Correct it with reamer after replacement.
If clearance still exceeds service limit after
replaced valve guide, replace valve stem too.
Caution
It has to correct valve seat when replacing valve
guide.
6-9
To this chapter contents
6. CYLINDER HEAD/VALVE
Valve Stem Replacement
Heat up cylinder head to 100~150 ℃ with heated
plate or toaster.
Valve guide driver
5.0mm
Caution
y Do not let torch heat cylinder head directly.
Otherwise, the cylinder head may be deformed
as heating it.
y Wear on a pair of glove to protect your hands
when operating.
Hold the cylinder head, and then press out old
valve guide from combustion chamber side.
Tool: Valve guide driver: 5.0 mm
Caution
y Check if new valve guide is deformation after
pressed it in.
y When pressing in the new valve guide, cylinder
head still have to be kept in 100~150℃.
Valve guide driver
5.0 mm
Adjust the valve guide driver and let valve guide
height is in 13 mm.
Press in new valve guide from rocker arm side.
Tool: Valve guide driver: 5.0 mm
Wait for the cylinder head cooling down to room
temperature, and then correct the new valve guide
with reamer.
Caution
y Using cutting oil when correcting valve guide
with a reamer.
y Turn the reamer in same direction when it be
inserted or rotated.
Correct valve seat, and clean up all metal residues
from cylinder head.
Tool: Valve guide reamer: 5.0 mm
6-10
Valve guide reamer 5.0 mm
To this chapter contents
6. CYLINDER HEAD/VALVE
Valve Seat Inspection and Service
Clean up all carbon deposits onto intake and
exhaust valves.
Apply with emery slightly onto valve contact face.
Grind valve seat with a rubber hose or other
manual grinding tool.
Caution
y Do not let emery enter into between valve stem
and valve guide.
y Clean up the emery after corrected, and apply
with engine oil onto contact faces of valve and
valve seat.
Remove the valve and check its contact face.
Caution
Replace the valve with new one if valve seal is
roughness, wear out, or incomplete contacted
with valve seat.
Valve seat width
Valve seat inspection
If the valve seat is too width, narrow or rough,
corrects it.
Valve seat width
Service limit: 1.6mm
Check the contact condition of valve seat.
Valve seat grinding
The worn valve seat has to be ground with valve
seat chamfer cutter.
Refer to operation manual of the valve seat
chamfer cutter.
Use 45° valve seat chamfer cutter to cut any rough
or uneven surface from valve seat.
Caution
Roughness
45°
After valve guide had been replaced, it has to be
ground with 45° valve seal chamfer cutter to
correct its seat face.
Use 32° cutter to cut a quarter upper parts out.
Old valve seat width
32°
6-11
To this chapter contents
6. CYLINDER HEAD/VALVE
Use 60° cutter to cut a quarter lower parts out.
Remove the cutter and check new valve seat.
Old valve seat width
60°
Use 45° cutter to grind the valve seat to specified
width.
1.0mm
Caution
Make sure that all roughness and uneven faces
had been ground.
Grind valve seat again if necessary.
45°
Coat the valve seat surface with red paint.
Install the valve through valve guide until the valve
contacting with valve seat, slightly press down the
valve but do not rotate it so that a seal track will be
created on contact surface.
Contact surface too high
Old valve seat width
Caution
32°
The contact surfaces of valve and valve seat are
very important to the valve sealing capacity.
If the contact surface too high, grind the valve seat
with 32° cutter.
Then, grind the valve seat to specified width.
Contact surface too low
Old valve seat width
If the contact surface too low, grind the valve seat
with 60° cutter.
Then, grind the valve seat to specified width.
60°
6-12
To this chapter contents
6. CYLINDER HEAD/VALVE
After the valve seat ground, coat valve seat
surface with emery and then slightly press the
ground surface.
Clean up all emery coated onto cylinder and valve
after ground.
Cylinder Head Reassembly
Lubricate valve stem with engine oil, and then
insert the valve into valve guide.
Install new valve stem oil seal.
Install valve springs and retainers.
Valve spring retainer
Valve cotter
Valve stem seal
Inlet valve
Caution
The closed coils of valve spring should face down
to combustion chamber.
Valve spring
Exhaust valve
Use a valve cotter remove & assembly tool to
press the valve spring, and then remove valves.
Caution
In order to avoid damaging the valve stem and
the cylinder head, in the combustion chamber
place a rag between the valve spring
remover/installer as compressing the valve spring
directly.
Special Service Tool:
Valve cotter remove & assembly tool
Valve cotter remove
and assembly tool
Tap the valve stems gently with a plastic hammer
to make sure valve retainer and valve cotter is
settled.
Caution
Place and hold cylinder head on to working table
so that can prevent from valve damaged.
6-13
To this chapter contents
6. CYLINDER HEAD/VALVE
Cylinder Head Installation
Gasket
Clean up all residues and foreign materials onto
the matching surfaces of both cylinder and
cylinder head.
Install chain guide, dowel pins and a new cylinder
head gasket onto the cylinder.
Caution
Do not damage the matching surfaces of cylinder
and cylinder head.
Avoid residues of gasket or foreign materials
falling into crankcase as cleaning.
Chain guide
Dowel pins
Install 4 washers and tighten 4 nuts on the cylinder
head upper side, and then tighten 2 cylinder head
mounting bolts of cylinder head right side.
Torque value:
Nut
3.6~4.0kgf-m
Bolt 1.0~1.4kgf-m
4 Nuts
2 bolts
Install camshaft into cylinder head, and install
rocker arm, rocker arm shaft.
Install rocker arm pin mounting plate.
6-14
Cam shaft setting plate
To this chapter contents
6. CYLINDER HEAD/VALVE
Install cam chain on to sprocket and align the
timing mark on the sprocket with that of cylinder
head.
Align sprocket bolt hole with camshaft bolt hole.
Tighten the sprocket mounting bolts.
Caution
Timing mark
2 bolts
Make sure timing marks are matched.
Install cylinder head side cover (3 bolts).
Install thermostat (2 bolts).
3 bolts
Thermostat bolts
Loosen auto tensioner adjustment bolt and
remove bolt and spring.
Install tensioner and install spring and adjustment
bolt.
Tensioner adjustment bolt
Install cylinder cover (4 bolts).
4 bolts
6-15
To this chapter contents
6. CYLINDER HEAD/VALVE
Install Air Injection system (AI) pipe. (4 bolts)
Install inlet pipe onto cylinder
Install and tighten spark plug
Torque value: 1.0~2.0kgf-m
4 bolts
Spark plug
Caution
This model is equipped with more precision
4-valve mechanism so its tighten torque can not
be exceeded standard value in order to avoid
causing cylinder head deformation, engine noise
and leaking so that motorcycle’s performance be
effected.
Install the engine onto frame (refer chapter 5).
Valve Clearance Adjustment
Loosen Air Injection system (AI) pipe upper side
bolt (2 bolts).
Remove cylinder head cover.
Remove the cylinder head side cover.
Remove left crankcase cover, and turn the drive
face, and align the timing mark on the cam
sprocket with that of cylinder head, piston is at
TDC position.
Loosen valve clearance adjustment nuts and bolts
located on valve rocker arm.
Measure and adjust valve clearance with feeler
gauge.
After valve clearance had been adjusted to
standard value, hold adjustment bolt and then
tighten the Adjustment nut.
Standard Value: IN 0.10 ± 0.02 mm
EX 0.15 ± 0.02 mm
Install the cylinder head side cover.
Start the engine and make sure that engine oil
flows onto the cylinder head.
Stop the engine after confirmed, and then install
the cylinder head cover and AI pipe.
Caution
y If lubricant does not flow to cylinder head,
engine components will be worn out seriously.
Thus, it must be confirmed.
y When checking lubricant flowing condition, run
the engine in idle speed. Do not accelerate
engine speed.
6-16
Timing mark
Home page
Contents
7. CYLINDER/PISTON
Mechanism Diagram ···························· 7-1
Piston Ring Installation ··················· 7-6
Precautions in Operation ···················· 7-2
Piston Installation ···························· 7-7
Trouble Diagnosis································ 7-2
Cylinder Installation ························· 7-7
Cylinder and Piston Removal ············· 7-3
Mechanism Diagram
1.0~1.4kgf-m
7
0.8~1.2kgf-m
7-1
To this chapter contents
7. CYLINDER/PISTON
Precautions in Operation
General Information
y Both cylinder and piston service cannot be carried out when engine mounted on frame.
UA25A
Specification
Unit:mm
Item
Cylinder
Limit
70.995~71.015
71.100
-
0.050
0.015~0.050
0.090
2 ring
0.015~0.050
0.090
Top ring
0.150~0.300
0.500
2 ring
0.300~0.450
0.650
Oil ring side rail
0.200~0.700
-
70.430~70.480
70.380
0.010~0.040
0.100
17.002~17.008
17.020
16.994~17.000
16.960
0.002~0.014
0.020
17.016~17.034
17.064
ID
Bend
Clearance between piston
rings
Piston/
Standard
Top ring
nd
nd
Ring-end gap
Piston ring
nd
OD of piston (2 )
Clearance between piston and cylinder
ID of piston pin boss
OD of piston pin
Clearance between piston and piston pin
ID of connecting rod small-end
Trouble Diagnosis
Low or Unstable Compression Pressure
Smoking in Exhaust Pipe
y Cylinder or piston ring worn out
y Piston or piston ring worn out
y Piston ring installation improperly
y Cylinder or piston damage
Knock or Noise
Engine Overheat
y Cylinder or piston ring worn out
y Carbon deposits on cylinder head top-side
y Piston pin hole and piston pin wear out
y Carbon deposits on cylinder head top side
y Cooling pipe clogged or not enough in coolant
flow
7-2
To this chapter contents
7. CYLINDER/PISTON
Cylinder and Piston Removal
Remove cylinder head (refer to chapter 6).
Remove coolant hose from cylinder.
Remove cylinder.
Coolant hose
Cover the holes of crankcase and cam chain with
a piece of cloth.
Remove piston pin clip, and then remove piston
pin and piston.
Remove cylinder gasket and dowel pin.
Clean up all residues or foreign materials from
the two matching surfaces of cylinder and
crankcase.
Dowel pins
Caution
y Soap the residues into solvent so that the
residues can be removed more easily.
Inspection
Check if the inner diameter of cylinder is wear out
or damaged.
In the 3 positions, top, center and bottom, of
cylinder, measure the X and Y values respective
in the cylinder.
Service limit: 71.100 mm
Top
Center
Bottom
7-3
To this chapter contents
7. CYLINDER/PISTON
Check cylinder if warp.
Service limit: 0.05 mm
Measure clearance between piston rings and
grooves.
Service Limit: Top ring: 0.09 mm
2nd ring: 0.09 mm
Remove piston rings
Check if the piston rings are damaged or its
grooves are worn.
Caution
Pay attention to remove piston rings because
they are fragile.
Place piston rings respective into cylinder below
20 mm of cylinder top. In order to keep the piston
rings in horizontal level in cylinder, push the rings
with piston.
Service Limit: Top ring: 0.50 mm
2nd ring: 0.65 mm
7-4
To this chapter contents
7. CYLINDER/PISTON
Measure the outer diameter of piston pin.
Service Limit: 16.96 mm
Measure the inner diameter of connecting rod
small end.
Service Limit: 17.064 mm
Measure the inner diameter of piston pin hole.
Service Limit: 17.02 mm
Calculate clearance between piston pin and its
hole.
Service Limit: 0.02 mm
Measure piston outer diameter.
Caution
The measurement position is 10 mm distance
from piston bottom side, and 90° to piston pin.
Service limit:70.380 mm
Compare measured value with service limit to
calculate the clearance between piston and
cylinder.
7-5
To this chapter contents
7. CYLINDER/PISTON
Piston Ring Installation
Clean up piston top, ring groove, and piston surface.
Install the piston ring onto piston carefully.
Place the openings of piston ring as diagram shown.
Caution
y Do not damage piston and piston rings as installation.
y All marks on the piston rings must be forwarded to up side.
y Make sure that all piston rings can be rotated freely after installed.
Top ring
2
nd
ring
Oil ring
Top groove
2
nd
groove
Oil groove
7-6
To this chapter contents
7. CYLINDER/PISTON
Clean up all residues and foreign materials on
the matching surface of crankcase. Pay
attention to not let these residues and foreign
materials fall into crankcase.
Caution
Soap the residues into solvent so that the
residues can be removed more easily.
Piston Installation
IN mark
Install piston and piston pin, and place the IN
marks on the piston top side forward to inlet
valve.
Install new piston pin clip.
Caution
Clip end gap
y Do not let the opening of piston pin clip align
with the piston cutout.
y Place a piece of cloth between piston and
crankcase in order to prevent snap ring from
falling into crankcase as operation.
Cutout
Cylinder Installation
Install dowel pins and new gasket.
Dowel pins
7-7
To this chapter contents
7. CYLINDER/PISTON
Coat some engine oil to inside of cylinder, piston
and piston rings.
Care to be taken when installing piston into
cylinder. Press piston rings in one by one as
installation.
Caution
Do not push piston into cylinder forcefully
because piston and piston rings will be
damaged.。
Install coolant hose onto cylinder.
Install cylinder head (refer to Chapter 6).
Coolant hose
7-8
Home page
Contents
8. V-BELT DRIVING SYSTEM
Mechanism Diagram ··························· 8-1
Drive Belt ··············································8-5
Maintenance Description ···················· 8-2
Drive Face·············································8-7
Trouble Diagnosis ······························· 8-2
Clutch Outer/Driven Pulley··················8-10
Left Crankcase Cover ························· 8-3
Mechanism Diagram
8
5.0~6.0kgf-m
8.5~10.5kgf-m
5.0~6.0kgf-m
8-1
To this chapter contents
8. V-BELT DRIVING SYSTEM
Maintenance Description
Precautions in Operation
General Information
y Drive face, clutch outer, and driven pulley can be serviced on the motorcycle.
y Drive belt and drive pulley must be free of grease.
Specification
Item
Driving belt width
Standard value
Limit
24.000
mm
22.500
mm
OD of movable drive face boss
29.946~29.980
mm
29.926
mm
ID of movable drive face
30.000~30.040
mm
30.060
mm
OD of weight roller
19.500~20.000
mm
19.000
mm
144.850~145.150
mm
145.450
mm
6.000
mm
3.000
mm
102.400
mm
97.400
mm
OD of driven pulley boss
40.950~40.990
mm
40.930
mm
ID of driven face
41.000~41.050
mm
41.070
mm
Weight of weight roller
17.700~18.300
g
17.200
g
ID of clutch outer
Thickness of clutch weight
Free length of driven pulley spring
Torque value
Special Service Tools
y Drive face nut: 8.5~10.5kgf-m
y Clutch outer nut: 5.0~6.0kgf-m
y Drive plate nut: 5.0~6.0kgf-m
Clutch spring compressor: SYM-2301000
Inner bearing puller: SYM-6204002
Clutch nut wrench 39 x 41 mm: SYM-9020200
Universal holder: SYM-2210100
Bearing driver: SYM-9100100
Trouble Diagnosis
Engine can be started but motorcycle can
not be moved
Insufficient horsepower or poor high
speed performance
1. Worn drive Belt
2. Worn drive face
3. Worn or damaged clutch weight
4. Broken driven pulley
1. Worn drive belt
2. Insufficient spring force of driven pulley
3. Worn roller
4. Driven pulley operation un-smoothly
Shudder or misfire when driving
1. Broken clutch weight
2. Worn clutch weight
8-2
To this chapter contents
8. V-BELT DRIVING SYSTEM
Left Crankcase Cover
Clamp strips
Left crankcase cover removal
Release the 2 clamp strips of left crankcase cover
ducts, and then remove the ducts.
Remove left crankcase cover. (9 bolts)
Remove 2 dowel pin and gasket.
9 bolts
Left crankcase cover install
Install left crankcase cover in the reverse
procedures of removal.
Dowel pins
Dowel pins
Left cover plate
Bearing setting plate
Drive shaft holder bearing
Left cover plate gasket
8-3
To this chapter contents
8. V-BELT DRIVING SYSTEM
Left crankcase cover inspection
2 bolts
Remove 2 bolts to remove left crankcase cover
bearing setting plate.
9 bolts
Check bearing on left crankcase cover.
Rotate bearing’s inner ring with fingers.
Check if bearings can be turned in smooth and
silent, and also check if bearing outer ring is
mounted on cover tightly.
If bearing rotation is uneven, noising, or loose
bearing mounted, then replace it.
8-4
To this chapter contents
8. V-BELT DRIVING SYSTEM
Drive Belt
Universal holder
Removal
Remove left crankcase cover.
Hold drive face with universal holder, and remove
nut and drive face.
Special Tool:universal holder
Hold clutch outer with universal holder, and
remove nut, bearing stay collar and clutch outer.
Universal holder
Bearing stay collar
Caution
y Using special service tools for tightening or
loosening the nut.
y Fixed rear wheel or rear brake will damage
reduction gear system.
Push the drive belt into belt groove as diagram
shown so that the belt can be loosened, and then
remove the driven pulley.
Remove driven pulley.
Do not remove drive belt.
Remove the drive belt from the groove of driven
pulley.
Inspection
Check the drive belt for crack or wear.
Replace it
if necessary.
Measure the width of drive belt as diagram shown.
Service Limit: 22.5 mm
Replace the belt if exceeds the service limit.
Caution
Belt tooth
y Using the genuine parts for replacement.
y The surfaces of drive belt or pulley must be
Width
free of grease.
y Clean up all grease or dirt before installation.
8-5
To this chapter contents
8. V-BELT DRIVING SYSTEM
Installation
Caution
Pull out driven face to avoid it closing.
Cannot oppress friction plate comp in order
to avoid creates the distortion or the
damage.
Install drive belt onto driven pulley.
z
Driven face
z
Install the driven pulley that has installed the belt
onto drive shaft.
On the drive belt another end to the movable drive
face.
Install the clutch outer and bearing stay collar.
Universal holder
Bearing stay collar
Hold the clutch outer whit universal holder, and
then tighten nut to specified torque value.
Torque value: 5.0~6.0kgf-m
Install the drive face, washer and drive face nut.
Hold drive face with universal holder, and then
tighten nut to specified torque value.
Torque value: 8.5~10.5kgf-m
8-6
Universal holder
To this chapter contents
8. V-BELT DRIVING SYSTEM
Drive Face
Universal holder
Removal
Remove left crankcase cover.
Hold drive face with universal holder, and then
remove drive face nut.
Remove drive face and drive belt.
Remove movable drive face comp and drive face
Movable drive face
boss from crankshaft.
Crankshaft
Remove ramp plate.
Remove weight rollers from movable drive face.
Drive face boss
Ramp plate
Movable drive face
Weight roller
8-7
To this chapter contents
8. V-BELT DRIVING SYSTEM
Inspection
The weight rollers are to press movable drive face
by means of centrifuge force.
Thus, if weight rollers are worn out or damaged,
the centrifuge force will be affected.
Check if rollers are worn or damaged. Replace it
if necessary.
Measure each roller’s outer diameter. Replace it if
exceed the service limit.
Service limit: 19.0 mm
Weight: 17.2g
Weight roller
Check if drive face boss is worn or damaged and
Movable drive face
replace it if necessary.
Measure the outer diameter of movable drive face
Drive face boss
boss, and replace it if it exceed service limit.
Service limit: 29.962 mm
Measure the inner diameter of movable drive face,
and replace it if it exceed service limit.
Service limit: 30.060 mm
Reassembly/installation
Install weight rollers.
Weight roller
Caution
The weight roller two end surfaces are not
certainly same. In order to lengthen the roller
life and prevented exceptionally wears the
occurrence, Please end surface of the closure
surface counter clockwise assembles onto
movable drive face.
Closure surface
Install ramp plate.
Ramp plate
Guide collar
8-8
To this chapter contents
8. V-BELT DRIVING SYSTEM
With 4~5g grease spreads wipes drives in the
movable drive face axis hole.
Install drive face boss.
Caution
The movable drive face surface has to be free of
grease. Clean it with cleaning solvent.
Drive face boss
Install movable drive face comp. onto crankshaft.
Movable drive face
Drive face boss
Crank shaft
Press down
Driven pulley installation
Press drive belt into pulley groove, and then pull
the belt onto drive shaft.
Drive belt
Install drive face, washer and nut.
Caution
Make sure that two sides of pulley surfaces have
to be free of grease. Clean it with cleaning
solvent.
Hold drives face with universal holder.
Tighten nut to specified torque.
Torque value: 8.5~10.5kgf-m
Install left crankcase cover.
8-9
To this chapter contents
8. V-BELT DRIVING SYSTEM
Clutch Outer/Driven Pulley
Clutch nut wrench
Disassembly
Remove drive belt, clutch outer and driven pulley.
Install clutch spring compressor onto the pulley
assembly, and operate the compressor to let the
wrench be installed more easily.
Caution
Do not press the compressor too much.
Clutch spring compressor
Hold the clutch spring compressor onto bench vise,
and then remove mounting nut with special service
tool.
Release the clutch spring compressor and remove
friction plate, clutch weight and spring from driven
pulley.
Remove seal collar from driven pulley.
Collar
Remove guide pin, guide pin roller, and movable
driven face, and then remove O-ring & oil seal
seat from movable driven face.
Movable driven face
Guide pin
Seal
O-ring
Guide pin
Guide pin roller
Inspection
Clutch outer
Measure the inner diameter of clutch outer.
Replace the clutch outer if exceed service limit.
Service limit: 145.450 mm
Inner
diameter
8-10
Clutch outer
To this chapter contents
8. V-BELT DRIVING SYSTEM
Clutch lining
Measure each clutch weight thickness.
it if exceeds service limit.
Service limit: 3.0 mm
Replace
Clutch lining
Clutch weight
Driven pulley spring
Measure the length of driven pulley spring.
Replace it if exceeds service limit.
Service limit: 97.4 mm
Free length
Driven pulley
Check following items:
y If both surfaces are damaged or worn.
y If guide pin groove is damaged or worn.
Replace damaged or worn components.
Measure the outer diameter of driven face and the
inner diameter of movable driven face. Replace it
if exceeds service limit.
Service limit: Outer diameter 40.93 mm
Inner diameter 41.07 mm
Driven face
Movable driven face
Guide pin groove
Driven Pulley Bearing Inspection
Check if the inner bearing oil seal is damage.
Replace it if necessary.
Check if needle bearing is damage or too big
clearance. Replace it if necessary.
Rotate the inside of inner bearing with fingers to
check if the bearing rotation is in smooth and silent.
Check if the bearing outer parts are closed and
fixed. Replace it if necessary.
Needle bearing
Outer ball bearing
8-11
To this chapter contents
8. V-BELT DRIVING SYSTEM
Clutch weight Replacement
Remove snap ring and washer, and then remove
Spring
Driving plate
clutch weight and spring from driving plate.
Caution
Some of models are equipped with one mounting
plate instead of 3 snap rings.
Check if spring is damage or insufficient elasticity.
Snap ring
Clutch weight
Check if shock absorption rubber is damage or
deformation.
Replace it if necessary.
Shock absorption rubber
Setting pin
Apply with grease onto setting pins.
Install new clutch weight onto setting pin and then
push to the specified location.
Shock absorption rubber
Apply with grease onto setting pins.
But, the clutch block should not be greased. If so,
replace it.
Caution
Grease or lubricant will damage the clutch weight
and affect the block’s connection capacity.
Install the spring into groove with pliers.
8-12
Clutch weight
Spring
To this chapter contents
8. V-BELT DRIVING SYSTEM
Install snap ring and mounting plate onto setting
pin.
Snap ring
Replacement of Driven Pulley Bearing
Remove inner bearing.
Outer bearing
Clipper
Caution
y If the inner bearing equipped with oil seal on
side in the driven pulley, then remove the oil
seal firstly.
y If the pulley equipped with ball bearing, it has to
remove snap ring and then the bearing.
Inner needle
bearing
Snap ring
Remove snap ring and then push bearing forward
to other side of inner bearing.
Place new bearing onto proper position and its
sealing end should be forwarded to outside.
Snap ring
Apply with specified oil.
Outer bearing
Install new inner bearing.
Bearing end
Caution
y Its sealing end should be forwarded to outside
as bearing installation.
y Install needle bearing with hydraulic presser.
Install ball bearing by means of hydraulic
presser.
Install snap ring into the groove of drive face.
Inner bearing
Align oil seal lip with bearing, and then install the
new oil seal (if necessary).
8-13
To this chapter contents
8. V-BELT DRIVING SYSTEM
Installation of Clutch OUTER/Driven Pulley
Assembly
Oil seal
Install new oil seal and O-ring onto movable driven
face.
Apply with specified grease to lubricate the inside
of movable driven face.
Specified grease
O-ring
Install the movable driven face onto driven face.
Install the guide pin and guide pin roller.
Movable driven face
Oil seal
O-ring
Guide pin
Install the collar.
Collar
Install friction plate, spring and clutch weight into
clutch spring compressor, and press down the
assembly by turning manual lever until mounting
nut that can be installed.
Hold the compressor by bench vise and tighten
the mounting nut to specified torque with clutch
nut wrench.
Remove the clutch spring compressor.
Torque value: 5.0~6.0kgf-m
Install clutch outer/driven pulley and drive belt onto
drive shaft.
8-14
Clutch nut wrench
Clutch spring compressor
Guide pin
Guide pin roller
Home page
Contents
9. FINAL DRIVING MECHANISM
Mechanism Diagram - transmission cover
······························································ 9-1
Inspection of Mission Mechanism ···· 9-6
Precautions in operation ···················· 9-2
Re-assembly of Final Driving Mechanism
····························································· 9-11
Trouble Diagnosis ······························· 9-2
Bearing Replacement ························ 9-8
Disassembly of Transmission············ 9-3
Mechanism Diagram - transmission cover
Reverse shaft
Gear oil fill bolt
3.5~4.5kgf-m
Bearing (6205LLU)
Bearing (6304)
Bearing
(6204)
Oil seal (30x46x7)
Final shaft
Drive sprocket
9
Drive shaft
Gear oil drain bolt
0.8~1.2kgf-m
Cover bolt
2.6~3.0kgf-m
Bearing (6204)
Oil seal
(14x26x6)
Shift fork
Bearing
(6305)
Shift spindle
Oil seal
(25x40x7)
Shift drum
Counter shaft
Needle bearing
(K25x29x10)
Dowel pin
Needle bearing
(HK2016)
Drive shaft bearing
setting plate
Gasket
Change switch
Shift drum fixed catch bolt
2.6~3.0kgf-m
9-1
To this chapter contents
9. TRANSMISSION
Precautions in operation
Specification
Application oil: scooter gear oil
Recommended oil: KING MATE serial gear oils
Oil quantity: 750c.c. (650c.c. when replacing)
Item
Standard value
Limit (mm)
OD of shift fork shaft
11.982~12.000
mm
11.970
mm
ID of shift fork
12.016~12.043
mm
12.010
mm
5.930~6.000
mm
5.730
mm
Shift fork claw thickness
Torque value
Gear box cover
Gear oil drain bolt
Gear oil fill bolt
2.6~3.0kgf-m
1.1~1.5kgf-m
3.5~4.5kgf-m
Tools
Special tools
Bearing driver (6204): SYM-9110400
Bearing driver (6205LLU): SYM-9100400-HMA
Bearing driver (6305): SYM-9100400-RB1
Needle bearing driver (HK2016): SYM-9100300-RB1
Drive shaft and oil seal driver: SYM-9120200-HMA
Drive shaft puller: SYM-2341100
Inner bearing puller: SYM-6204002
Trouble Diagnosis
Engine can be started but motorcycle can not be moved.
y Damaged drive gear
y Burnt out drive gear
y Damaged gear shift system
Noise
y Worn or burnt gear
y Worn gear
Gear oil leaks
y Excessive gear oil.
y Worn or damage oil seal
9-2
To this chapter contents
9. FINAL DRIVING MECHANISM
Disassembly of Transmission
Remove gear change lever (1 bolt).
1 bolt
Loosen speedometer cable mounting nut, and
then remove the cable.
Remove 3 bolts and remove drive chain protector.
Turn the socket bolt clockwise, and then remove
speedometer gear box.
Speedometer cable
3 bolts
Caution
The socket bolt is provided with left turn
thread.
Socket bolt
Remove 2 bolts, and then remove the drive
sprocket fixing plate, drive chain and drive
sprocket.
2 bolts
Remove gear fill bolt.
Place an oil pan under the ATV, and remove gear
oil drain bolt.
After drained, make sure washer can be re-used.
Install oil drain bolt.
Torque value:
Gear oil fill bolt
3.5~4.5kgf-m
Gear oil drain bolt
1.1~1.5kgf-m
Fill bolt
Drain bolt
9-3
To this chapter contents
9. TRANSMISSION
Remove gear box cover bolts (9 bolts) and then
remove the cover.
9 bolts
Remove shift drum catch ball, spring and bolt.
Shift drum fixed catch bolt
Shift drum
Remove shift spindle, shift fork shaft, shift fork and
shift drum.
Shift fork shaft and fork
Remove final shaft, counter shaft and reverse
shaft.
Reverse shaft
Final shaft
9-4
Shift spindle
Drive shaft
Counter shaft
To this chapter contents
9. FINAL DRIVING MECHANISM
Remove drive shaft bearing setting plate (1 bolt).
Bearing setting plate
Remove the drive shaft.
Special tool:
Shaft protector
Remove gasket and dowel pin.
Caution
y If non- essential do not remove the drive
shaft from the case upper side.
y If remove the drive shaft from the gear box,
then its bearing and oil seal has to be
replaced.
Oil seal
Bearing
9-5
To this chapter contents
9. TRANSMISSION
Inspection of Mission Mechanism
Check if the shift spindle is wear or damage.
Check if the shift drum is wear or damage.
Check if the shift fork and shaft is wear or damage.
Measure the outer diameter of shift fork shaft, and
replace it if it exceed service limit.
Service limit: 11.970 mm
Measure the inner diameter of shift fork, and
replace it if it exceed service limit.
Service limit: 12.010 mm
Measure the claw thickness of shift fork, and
replace it if it exceed service limit.
Service limit: 5.730 mm
Check if the counter shaft is wear or damage.
9-6
To this chapter contents
9. FINAL DRIVING MECHANISM
Check if the reverse shaft is wear or damage.
Check if the final shaft and gear are burn, wear or
damage.
Check bearings on gear box and gear box cover.
Rotate each bearing’s inner ring with fingers.
Check if bearings can be turned in smooth and
silent, and also check if bearing outer ring is
mounted on gear tightly.
If bearing rotation is uneven, noising, or loose
bearing mounted, then replace it.
Check oil seal for wear or damage, and replace it
if necessary.
Gear box
Drive shaft bearing
Reverse shaft
bearing
Caution
y If remove the drive shaft from the crankcase
upper side, then its bearing has to be
replaced.
Final shaft bearing
Gear box cover
Reverse shaft bearing
Counter shaft needle bearing
Final shaft bearing
Counter shaft bearing
9-7
To this chapter contents
9. TRANSMISSION
Bearing Replacement
Inner bearing puller
Caution
y Never install used bearings. Once bearing
removed, it has to be replaced with new one.
Crankcase side
Remove drive shaft bearing setting plate, and then
remove drive shaft bearing from left crankcase
using following tools.
Remove reverse shaft bearing and counter shaft
bearing from left crankcase using following tools.
Remove drive shaft oil seal.
Special tool:
Inner bearing puller
Bearing driver
Install new final shaft, counter shaft and reverse
shaft bearings into left crankcase.
Special tool:
Bearing driver (6204)
Needle bearing driver (HK2016)
Install new drive shaft bearings and baring driver
into left crankcase.
Clutch nut wrench
Drive shaft and
seal install bush
Drive shaft puller
Install the universal bearing puller and bearing
driver.
Turn the universal bearing puller to install drive
shaft bearing.
Special tool:
Bearing driver (6305)
Universal bearing puller
9-8
Drive shaft and
seal install bush
To this chapter contents
9. FINAL DRIVING MECHANISM
Install drive shaft.
Special tool:
Drive shaft puller
Drive shaft and oil seal install bush
Clutch nut wrench
Clutch nut wrench
Drive shaft and
seal install bush
Drive shaft puller
Apply with grease onto new drive shaft oil seal lip,
and then install the oil seal.
Special tool:
Drive shaft and oil seal install bush
Install drive shaft bearing setting plate (1 bolt).
Drive shaft and
seal install bush
Gear box side
Use inner bearing puller to remove the final shaft
needle bearing, gear shift shaft bearing and
counter shaft bearing from the cover inner side.
Special tool:
Inner bearing puller
Inner bearing puller
Remove cir clip of final shat out side bearing.
.
Cir clip
9-9
To this chapter contents
9. TRANSMISSION
Remove final shat out side bearing.
Special tool:
Inner bearing puller
Remove oil seal from gear box cover and discard
the seal
Install new bearing and bearing driver into gear
box cover outer side.
Install the universal bearing puller and bearing
driver.
Inner bearing puller
Universal
bearing puller
Bearing driver
Turn the universal bearing puller to install drive
shaft bearing.
Special tool:
Bearing driver (6205)
Universal bearing puller
Universal
bearing puller
Bearing driver
Install new oil seal and bearing driver into gear
box cover inner side.
Install the universal bearing puller and bearing
driver.
Turn the universal bearing puller to install drive
shaft oil seal.
Special tool:
Bearing driver (6205)
Universal bearing puller
9-10
Universal
bearing puller
To this chapter contents
9. FINAL DRIVING MECHANISM
Re-assembly of Final Driving
Mechanism
Oil seal
Apply with grease onto the oil seal lip of final
driving shaft.
Install counter shaft, reverse shaft and final shaft
onto gear box.
Reverse shaft
Final shaft
Drive shaft
Counter shaft
Shift drum
Install shift drum, shift fork and fork shaft onto gear
box.
Shift fork shaft and fork
Shift spindle
Install shift drum fixed catch ball, spring and bolt
onto gear box.
Shift drum fixed catch bolt
9-11
To this chapter contents
9. TRANSMISSION
Align the position mark on the shift spindle
sprocket with that of shift drum, and then install
shift spindle.
Install dowel pins and new gasket.
Install gear box cover and bolts, and tighten.
Torque value: 1.0~1.4kgf-m
Install the shift spindle bracket, drive chain
protector, speedometer gear box and gear change
lever.
Add gear oil.
Gear oil quantity: 750c.c.
9-12
Position mark
Dowel pins
9 bolts
Home page
Contents
10. ALTERNATOR/STARTING CLUTCH
Mechanism Diagram ··························· 10-1
Flywheel Removal ································ 10-4
Precautions in Operation···················· 10-2
Starting Clutch ····································· 10-5
Right Crankcase Cover Removal ······· 10-3
Flywheel Installation···························· 10-7
A.C.G. Set Removal····························· 10-3
A.C.G. Set Installation·························· 10-8
Right Cover Bearing···························· 10-3
Right Crankcase Cover Installation···· 10-8
Mechanism Diagram
10
0.8~1.2kgf-m
1.0~1.4kgf-m
5.0~6.0kgf-m
10-1
To this chapter contents
10. ALTERNATOR/STARTING CLUTCH
Precautions in Operation
General information
y Refer to chapter 17: The troubleshooting and inspection of alternator
y Refer to chapter 17: The service procedures and precaution items of starter motor
Specification
Item
Standard value (mm)
Limit (mm)
ID of starting clutch gear
25.026~25.045
25.050
OD of starting clutch gear
42.192~42.208
42.100
Torque value
Flywheel nut
5.0~6.0kgf-m
Starting clutch hexagon bolt
1.0~1.4kgf-m with adhesive
8 mm bolts
0.8~1.2kgf-m
12 mm bolts
1.0~1.4kgf-m
Tools
Special tools
A.C.G. flywheel puller: SYM-3110A00
Universal holder: SYM-2210100
10-2
To this chapter contents
10. ALTERNATOR/STARTING CLUTCH
Right Crankcase Cover Removal
11 bolts
Remove left footrest.
Drain out the engine oil and coolant, and then
remove coolant hoses.
Remove water pump cover (4 bolts).
Remove 11 bolts from the right crankcase cover.
Remove the right crankcase cover.
Remove dowel pin and gasket.
Water pump cover bolts
2 screws
A.C.G. Set Removal
Remove 2 mounted screws from pulse generator
and then remove it.
Remove 3 screws from right crankcase cover and
then remove generator coil set.
3 screws
Right Cover Bearing
Cir clip
Inspection
Rotate the bearing with finger to check if the
bearing rotation is in smooth and silent.
Check if the bearing outer parts are closed and
fixed. Replace it if necessary.
Remove the cir clip, and then remove bearing.
Special tool:
Inner bearing puller
10-3
To this chapter contents
10. ALTERNATOR/STARTING CLUTCH
Check the oil seal for wear or damage.
it if necessary.
Replace
Oil seal
Install a new one bearing (6201LU) by bearing
driver.
Special tool:
Bearing driver
Bearing driver
Flywheel Removal
Remove right crankcase cover.
Remove left crankcase cover.
Hold the flywheel by drive face with universal
holder.
Remove flywheel nut.
Special tool:
Universal Holder
10-4
Reduction gear
Flywheel nut
To this chapter contents
10. ALTERNATOR/STARTING CLUTCH
Remove starter reduction gear and shaft.
Pull out flywheel with A.C.G. flywheel puller.
Special tool:
A.C.G. Flywheel puller
Remove flywheel and starting driven gear.
flywheel puller
Starting Clutch
Starting Clutch Inspection
ID
Remove starting clutch driven gear.
Check the gear for wear or damage.
Measure the ID and OD of the starting clutch
driven gear.
Service Limit: ID: 25.050 mm
OD: 42.100 mm
OD
Check the starting reduction gear and shaft for
wear or damage.
Check each roller for wear or damage.
10-5
To this chapter contents
10. ALTERNATOR/STARTING CLUTCH
Install starting clutch driven gear onto one way
clutch.
Hold flywheel and rotate starting clutch gear.
The starting clutch gear should be rotated in
C.C.W direction freely, but not C.W direction.
(View as shown in this figure.)
One way clutch removal
Starting driven gear
Remove starting driven gear.
3 socket bolts
Remove 3 socket bolts, and then remove one way
clutch.
One way clutch
Starting driven gear
10-6
To this chapter contents
10. ALTERNATOR/STARTING CLUTCH
One way clutch Installation
3 socket bolts
Install the components in the reverse procedures
of removal.
Caution
Tape a tightening tape onto the thread of hexagon
bolt.
Torque value: 1.0~1.4kgf-m
Starting driven gear
Install starting driven gear.
Flywheel Installation
Groove
Align the key on crankshaft with the flywheel
groove, and then install the flywheel.
Hold the flywheel by drive face with universal
holder, and tighten flywheel nut.
Torque value: 5.0~6.0kgf-m
Special tool:
Universal Holder
10-7
To this chapter contents
10. ALTERNATOR/STARTING CLUTCH
Install reduction gear shaft and reduction gear.
Reduction gear
A.C.G. Set Installation
Wire
2 bolts
Install the A.C.G. coil set onto right crankcase
cover (3 screws).
Install pulse generator (2 screws).
Tie the wire harness securely onto the indent of
crankcase.
Caution
Make sure that the wire harness is placed under
pulse generator.
3 screws
Right Crankcase Cover Installation
Install dowel pin and new gasket.
Dowel pin
Remove water pump cover.
Install right crankcase cover onto the crankcase.
Note: Align the water pump shaft indent with the oil
pump shaft.
10-8
To this chapter contents
10. ALTERNATOR/STARTING CLUTCH
Install right crankcase cover (11 screws).
Install the dowel pin, new gasket and water pump
cover onto crankcase cover.
11 bolts
Water pump cover bolts
Connect water hoses to the right crankcase cover
and water pump cover.
10-9
To this chapter contents
10. ALTERNATOR/STARTING CLUTCH
Note:
10-10
Home page
Contents
11. CRANKCASE / CRANK
Mechanism Diagram ··························11-1
Disassembly of crankcase ················ 11-3
General information ···························11-2
Crankshaft Inspection ······················· 11-5
Trouble diagnosis ······························11-2
Assembly of crankcase ····················· 11-6
Mechanism Diagram
1.0~1.4kgf-m
0.8~1.2kgf-m
11
0.8~1.2kgf-m
Eng. Oil drain bolt
3.5~4.5kgf-m
11-1
To this chapter contents
11. CRANKCASE / CRANK
General information
Operational precautions
y This Section concerns disassembly of the crankcase for repair purpose.
y Remove following components before disassembling crankcase.
-Engine remove
Section 5
-Cylinder head
Section 6
-Cylinder and piston
Section 7
-Drive face and driven pulley
Section 8
-AC generator/Start one way clutch
Section 10
y In case it requires replacing the crankshaft bearing, the driving chain of engine oil pump or the timing
chain, it is preferably to replace crankshaft as a unit.
Specification
Crankshaft
Unit: mm
Item
Connecting rod side clearance of the big end
Vertical clearance of the big end of the connecting rod
Run-out
Torque value
Bolts for crankcase
Engine oil drain bolt
Cylinder stud bolt
0.8~1.2kgf-m
3.5~4.5kgf-m
1.0~1.4kgf-m
Tools
Special tools
L. crank shaft oil seal driver (27*42*7): SYM-1332100-HMA
Trouble diagnosis
Engine noise
y Loose crankshaft bearing
y Loose crankshaft pin bearing
y Worn out piston pin and pin hole
11-2
Standard
0.100~0.400
0~0.008
-
Limit
0.600
0.050
0.100
To this chapter contents
11. CRANKCASE / CRANK
Disassembly of crankcase
Tensioner
Remove the cam chain setting plate, and then
remove cam chain.
Loosen the pivot bolt and remove the tensioner.
Cam chain setting plate
Loosen 2 bolts on the right crankcase.
2 bolts
Loosen 11 bolts on the left crankcase.
11 bolts
Place right crankcase downward and left
crankcase up.
Tap the left crankcase with a plastic hammer to
remove it.
Caution
Care should be taken not to damage the contact
surfaces.
11-3
To this chapter contents
11. CRANKCASE / CRANK
Remove balance shaft from right crankcase.
Remove crankshaft from right crankcase.
Remove gasket and dowel pins.
Scrape gasket residues off the crankcase contact
surface.
Caution
Do not damage contact surface of the gasket.
It is better to moisten the gasket residue for
easy scrapping.
Drive out left crankcase oil seal.
11-4
Balance shaft
To this chapter contents
11. CRANKCASE / CRANK
Crankshaft Inspection
Use a thickness gauge to measure left and right
clearance of connecting rod big end.
Service limit: 0.6 mm
Measure point for the crank
big end of the connecting rod.
Measure the clearance of the big end at the
vertical directions.
Service limit: 0.05 mm
Place the crankshaft on a V-block, measure
run-out of the crankshaft.
Service limit: 0.10 mm
90 mm
60 mm
Check crankshaft bearing
Use hand to crank the bearing to see it moves
freely, smoothly and noiseless.
Check the inner ring to see it links firmly on the
bearing.
If any roughness, noise and loose linkage are
detected, replace the bearing with new one.
Caution
The bearing shall be replaced in pair.
Special tool: outer bearing puller
Crank bearing
11-5
To this chapter contents
11. CRANKCASE / CRANK
Check balance shaft bearing
Balance shaft bearings
Check bearings on right and left crankcase.
Rotate each bearings inner ring with fingers.
Check if bearings can be turned in smooth and
silent, and also check if bearing outer ring is
mounted on gear tightly.
If bearing rotation is uneven, noising, or loose
bearing mounted, then replace it.
Special tool: Inner bearing puller
Bearing driver
Assembly of crankcase
Install wave washer into right crank bearing seat.
Wave washer
Install crank shaft on the right crankcase.
Align the position mark on the balance shaft drive
gear with that of balance shaft driven gear, and
then install balance shaft onto right crankcase.
11-6
Position mark
To this chapter contents
11. CRANKCASE / CRANK
Install 2 dowel pins and new gasket.
Dowel pins
Install the left crankcase onto the right crankcase.
Tighten 11 bolts on the left crankcase.
Torque value: 0.8~1.2kgf-m
11 bolts
Tighten 2 bolts on the right crankcase.
Torque value: 0.8~1.2kgf-m
2 bolts
11-7
To this chapter contents
11. CRANKCASE / CRANK
Clean the crankshaft.
Apply a layer of grease on the lip of oil seal, Puts
on the left crank shaft.
Install the oil seal in the left crankcase with care
not to damage the lip of the oil seal.
By oil seal driver (27×42×7), oil seal will knock into
located.
Special tool:
Oil seal driver (27×42×7)
Install the tensioner and tighten the pivot bolt.
Torque value: 0.8 ~1.2kgf-m
Install the cam chain.
Install the cam chain setting plate.
Oil seal
driver
Tensioner
Cam chain setting plate
11-8
Home page
Contents
12. COOLING SYSTEM
Mechanism Diagram ··························12-1
System Test········································ 12-5
General Information ···························12-2
Radiator ·············································· 12-6
Trouble Diagnosis ······························12-2
Water Pump ········································ 12-8
Trouble Diagnosis for Cooling System
·····························································12-3
Thermostat ········································· 12-12
Mechanism Diagram
Radiator filler cap
Reserve tank
By-pass pipe
To cylinder head
12
Coolant outlet pipe
Radiator
Cooling fan
Coolant inlet pipe
Thermostat
Thermo switch (fan)
Water pump
12-1
To this chapter contents
12. COOLING SYSTEM
General Information
General
Warning:
While the engine is running, never attempt to open the radiator filler cap, the pressurized hot coolant
may shoot out and cause serious scalding injury. No maintenance work is allowed to perform unless
the engine is completely cooled down.
y
y
y
y
y
y
Refill the radiator with distilled water or specified additives.
Add coolant to the reservoir.
The cooling system can be serviced on the ATV.
Never spill the coolant to the painted surface.
Test the cooling system for any leakage after the repair.
Please refer to Section 17 for inspection of the temperature sensor switch for the fan motor and the
water thermometer.
Technical Specification
Item
Specification
0.9±0.15 kgf/cm2
850c.c.
420c.c.
Begins to activate at 82~95℃
Stroke: 0.05~3mm
Begins to activate at 98±3℃
Not-pressure: 107.7℃
Pressurized: 125.6℃
Pressure to open filler cap
Capacity of coolant: Engine + radiator
Reservoir upper
Thermostat
Thermos switch (fan)
Boiling point
Torque Value
For water pump impeller
1.0~1.4kgf-m
Tools Requirement
Special tools
Water pump bearing driver (6901): SYM-9100100
Water pump oil seal driver (Inner): SYM-9120500-H9A
Water pump mechanical seal driver: SYM-1721700-H9A
Inner bearing puller: SYM-6204020
Trouble Diagnosis
The engine temperature is too high
The engine temperature is too low
y The water thermometer and the temperature
sensor do not work properly.
y The thermostat is stuck to close.
y Insufficient coolant.
y The water hose and jacket are clogged.
y Fan motor malfunction.
y The filler cap of the radiator malfunction.
y The water thermometer and the temperature
sensor malfunction.
y The thermostat is stuck to open.
Coolant is leaking
y The water pump mechanical seal does not
function properly.
y The O ring is deteriorated.
y The water hose is broken or aged.
12-2
To this chapter contents
12. COOLING SYSTEM
Trouble Diagnosis for Cooling System
The temperature indicated is too high
Y
A. Stop and waiting for the
engine is completely
cooled down, open cap to
check the capacity of
coolant in radiator.
A1.Refill the radiator with
coolant then check for any
leakage?
N
Water leaking problem
N
Y
B. Turn on main switch and
check the water
temperature indicator
back to zero?
Y
N
B-1. Measure thermo unit to
confirm voltage 6V↑?
N
Replace thermo unit
Y
Y
B-2. Inspect the circuits of
water temperature have
short or earth?
Y
Short or earth handle
N
Meter problem
C. Open radiator cap and
softly throttle, inspect
coolant have circulated?
C-1. Eng. stop and remove
water pump cover, start
the motor to inspect pump
its rotation?
N
Y
Y
D. Close radiator cap,
measure thermo unit to
confirm voltage reduced
comply with temperature
rise?
N
Water pump repair
N
Water hose clogged
Replace thermo unit
Y
Next page
12-3
To this chapter contents
12. COOLING SYSTEM
Preceding page
E. Keep eng. 3000~4000 rpm
and inspect cooling fan was
operating after the
temperature gauge over 3
checks?
N
E-1. Measure thermal switch to
confirm voltage be
changed (12→0V)?
N
Replace thermal switch
Y
Y
F. Confirm the cooling fan was
convulsion?
E-2. Connect cooling fan
terminals with battery
(12V) directly to inspect
its operation?
N
Replace cooling fan
Y
Meter unusual
Y
If circuit connects reverse
cooling fan will forward,
correct and check again.
E-3. Keep eng. 3000~4000
rpm and inspect coolant
flow into reserve tank
after the temperature
gauge over 3 checks?
Y
E-4. Remove thermostat from
holder then heats it by
water directly to check its
operation?
Y
For bleed the air bubbles
completely, open radiator cap
and start engine while engine
is cool then press water hose
softly by hand to bleeding.
Turn the throttle repeatedly
until the coolant surface
becomes stable.
N
Replace thermostat
Refill with coolant then
check again
Notice the water hose
can’t any unsuitable
bend or twist and
bleed the air bubbles
completely.
12-4
To this chapter contents
12. COOLING SYSTEM
System Test
Test on the filler cap
Hermetically seal the filler cap, apply water and
pressure to the filler cap. Replace it with new one
if found failing to maintain the specified pressure
within a given time limit, or the opening pressure is
too high or too low. The specified pressure shall
be maintained at least for 6 seconds in the test
Relief pressure for the filler cap: 0.9-0.15
kgf/cm2
Apply pressure to the radiator, engine and water
hose to check for any leakage
Caution
Pressure which is too high may damage the
radiator. Never use pressure which exceeds
1.05 kg/cm2.
Pressure tester
Filler cap
Reserve tank cap
If the system fails to maintain the specified
pressure for at least 6 seconds, repair or replace
parts.
Change of coolant
Warning
Never attempt to carry out service work on the
cooling system unless the engine is completely
cooled down, otherwise, you may get scalded.
Remove the front center cover, and then remove
filler cap.
Place a water pan under the water pump; loosen
the drain bolt to drain out the coolant.
Reinstall the drain bolt.
Refilling system with coolant and bleeding the air
bubbles.
y Run the engine, and remove by-pass pipe.
y Check by-pass hole whether has the air bubble
to emit.
y If emits without the air bubble, only has the
coolant to flow out, then backflow pipe joint on,
engine flameout.
y Remove radiator filler cap.
y Starts the engine, inspects does not have the air
bubble in the radiator coolant, also the coolant
liquid level is stable.
y Stop the engine. Add coolant to proper level if
necessary.
y Screw and tighten up the radiator filler cap.
Radiator filler cap
Drain bolt
By-pass pipe
Caution
In order to avoid the water tank rusting, please do
not use the unclear trade mark refrigerant.
Coolant recommended: SYM Bramax radiator
agent.
Concentration: 50%
12-5
To this chapter contents
12. COOLING SYSTEM
Check reserve tank
y Remove the front center cover, and then
remove reserve tank filler cap.
y Check the liquid level in the front fender right
side. Add coolant to proper level if too low.
y Reinstall the reserve tank filler cap.
Upper
Caution
The reserve tank liquid level coca too is not high,
after avoids the water temperature elevating, in
the cooling system the refrigerant backflow
floods.
Lower
Radiator
Check
Remove the front center cover, side covers and
front fender. (refer chapter 13), check for any
leakage from weld seam.
Blow radiator clean using compressed air. If the
radiator is blocked by dirt, use low pressure water
jet to clean it.
Care shall be taken when straightening the sink
fan.
Removal
Place a water pan under the water pump; loosen
the drain bolt to drain out the coolant.
Drain bolt
Remove coolant filler pipe.
Filler pipe clamp
12-6
To this chapter contents
12. COOLING SYSTEM
Loosen the radiator 4 bolts.
Remove coolant upper side pipes.
Coolant inlet pipe
4 bolts
Remove coolant outlet pipe.
Disconnect the couplers for the thermo switch and
fan motor, and then remove radiator and cooling
fan.
Coolant outlet pipe
Thermo switch coupler
Disassembly
Loosen the 3 bolts from the fan duct, and then
remove the fan duct.
Loosen 3 screws from the fan motor, and take off
the fan motor.
Remove nut to remove the fan from fan motor.
Cooling fan
duct bolts x3
Cooling fan
motor screws x3
Assembly
Install fan motor onto fan duct and insert the fan
into the motor shaft.
Apply a coat of the adhesive to the shaft thread of
the motor, and then install the washer and the lock
nut.
Tighten the fan duct onto the radiator with 3 bolts.
Please refer to chapter 17 for the inspection of the
thermo switch.
Thermo switch
Fan nut
Caution
Liquid packing must be applied to the thermo
switch before installing to avoid damaging the
radiator.
Installation
Install the removed parts in the reverse order of
removal.
Install radiator in the reverse order of removal.
Upon completion, check for any leakage.
12-7
To this chapter contents
12. COOLING SYSTEM
Water Pump
Check water pump seal / cooling
system divulges inspection
y Disassembles the refrigerant drain bolt,
overflows little buckles the N actually fluid,
confirmed overflows the refrigerant whether has
the greasy dirt.
y Turns on lathe the engine oil gauge rule, the
inspection engine oil whether does have
bleaches situation of the emulsified.
If has the above two kind of interior to divulge the
phenomenon, possibly for the water pump inner
two seal damages, the engine cooling system
damages or the cylinder and the cylinder head
gasket damages, please first dismantles the right
crank case to say A confirms the replacement
water pump seal, if does not have the question to
take apart for overhaul cooling system of system
again the cylinder head, the cylinder.
Drain bolt
Removal of water pump
Loosen the drain bolt to drain out the coolant.
Remove the water hose.
Loosen 4 bolts and remove the pump cover.
Loosen 9 bolts and remove the right cover.
Take off the gasket and dowel pins.
Turn pump impeller clockwise and remove.
Caution
The impeller is provided with left turn thread.
Remove the cir clip from the right crankcase cover.
Remove the water pump shaft and the inner
bearing.
Remove the outside bearing by inner bearing
puller.
Rotate the inner ring of bearing, the bearing shall
move smoothly and quietly.
If the bearing does not rotate smoothly or
produces a noise, replace it with new one.
Special tool:
Inner bearing puller
12-8
To this chapter contents
12. COOLING SYSTEM
Check any wear and damage of the mechanical
seal and inside seal.
Mechanical seal
Caution
The mechanical seal and inside seal must be
replaced as a unit.
Replacement of Mechanical Seal
Water pump bearing
driver
Remove the inside bearing by inner bearing puller.
Drive the mechanical seal and inner seal out of the
right crankcase.
Special tools:
Inner bearing puller
Water pump bearing driver
Caution
Replace a new mechanical seal after removing
it.
Mechanical seal
Apply a coat of sealant to the mating surfaces of
the right crankcase before installing the new
mechanical seal.
Install the mechanical seal onto the right
crankcase.
Special tools:
Water pump mechanical seal driver
Water pump mechanical
seal driver
12-9
To this chapter contents
12. COOLING SYSTEM
Install the new inner seal onto the right crankcase.
Special tools:
Water pump oil seal driver (inner)
Install a new outside bearing to the right
crankcase cover.
Special tools:
Water pump bearing driver (6901)
Water pump oil seal
driver (inner)
Water pump bearing
driver (6901)
Caution
Do not reuse old bearing. It must be replaced
with a new one once it has been removed.
Mount the water pump shaft and the inner bearing
to the right crankcase cover.
Inner bearing
Water pump shaft
Install the cir clip to hold the inner bearing.
12-10
To this chapter contents
12. COOLING SYSTEM
Install the seal washer into the impeller.
Caution
Washer must be replaced together with the
mechanical seal.
Install the impeller onto the water pump shaft and
tighten.
Torque Value: 1.0~1.4kgf-m
Water pump rotor
Caution
The impeller is left thread.
Install the dowel pin and right cover gasket.
The rotation water pump impeller, causes the
water pump drive shaft scoop channel, aligns the
oil pump drive shaft flange, install the right crank
case. (9 bolts)
Install the dowel pin and new gasket.
Install the water pump cover with 4 bolts.
12-11
To this chapter contents
12. COOLING SYSTEM
Thermostat
Temperature sensor
By-pass pipe
Please refer to chapter 17 for inspection of
temperature sensor.
Removal
Drain out the coolant.
Remove the thermostat set. (2 bolts)
2 Bolts
Inspection
Visually inspect thermostat for any damage.
Place the thermostat into heated water to check its
operation.
Caution
Whenever the thermostat and the thermometer
are in contact to the wall of heated water
container, the reading displayed is incorrect. If
the valve of the thermostat remains open at
room temperature or the valve operation is not
corresponding to the temperature change, then
it must be replaced.
Technical Data
Valve begins to open
Valve stroke
82~95℃
0.05 ~ 3mm
Installation
Install the thermostat.
Install the thermostat cover. (2 bolts)
Refill the coolant and bleed out the air bubble
(Page 12-5).
12-12
Home page
Contents
13. BODY COVER
Mechanism Diagram ························· 13-1
Fuel tank cover ································ 13-5
Maintenance······································· 13-2
Front fender······································ 13-6
Handle front cover / Meter cover······ 13-3
Rear carrier······································· 13-10
Handle protect cover························· 13-4
Rear fender······································· 13-11
Front center cover····························· 13-4
Footrest ············································ 13-14
Mechanism Diagram
Fuel tank cover
Meter cover
Seat
Rear carrier
Right handle protect cover
Tail cover
Handle cover
Left handle protect cover
Rear bumper
13
Rear fender
Front center cover
Right footrest
Right side grille
Right side cover
Front fender
Left footrest
Front grille
Left side cover
Left side grille
Right side lower cover
Front emblem
Front bumper cover
Left side lower cover
Front bumper grille
13-1
To this chapter contents
13. BODY COVER
Maintenance
Body covers disassemble sequence:
Handle cover
R/L Lower side covers
Rear carrier
Handle protect cover
R/L Side covers
R/L Lower side covers
Front center cover
Front center cover
R/L Side covers
R/L Footrests
Front fender
Rear fender
R/L Side grilles
Rear bumper
Tail cover
y
y
y
y
y
Be careful not to damage various covers in assembly or disassembly operation.
Never injure hooks molded on the body covers.
Align the buckles on the guards with slot on the covers.
Make sure that each hook is properly installed during the assembly.
Never compact forcefully or hammer the guard and the covers during assembly.
13-2
To this chapter contents
13. BODY COVER
Handle front cover / Meter cover
Remove
Loosen 4 bolts from handle cover right and left
side.
4 bolts
Meter couplers
Remove couplers of meter.
Remove speedometer cable, and then remove
handle cover, meter cover and meter.
Speedometer cable
Disassembly
Remove 4 screws of meter stay and meters.
4 screws
13-3
To this chapter contents
13. BODY COVER
Remove meter stay and meters.
Remove 3 screws and disassembly handle cover
and meter.
Installation
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
3 Screws
Handle protect cover
Loosen 2 bolts from handle protect cover, and
then remove handle protect cover.
Installation
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
2 bolts
Front center cover
Remove
Loosen 2 screws from the front center cover.
Please disassemble first then push the cap
upward, and then remove front center cover.
Installation
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
13-4
2 screws
To this chapter contents
13. BODY COVER
Fuel tank cover
Remove
Remove front center cover.
2 screws
Remove seat.
Remove fuel tank cap.
Fuel tank cap
Remove 1 bolt, and then remove fuel tank cover.
Installation
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
1 Bolt
13-5
To this chapter contents
13. BODY COVER
Front fender
Remove
Remove seat.
Remove fuel tank cap and fuel tank cover.
Loosen the two bolts of front fender rear side.
2 bolts
Remove 1 screw, and then remove fixed support
catch.
1 screw
Loosen the 6 screws, which connect the front
fender and side lower covers, these 6 screws just
be twin the front fender two side.
6 screws
Remove right and left side lower covers rear side
screws (each side 3 screws), and then remove
side lower covers.
3 screws
13-6
To this chapter contents
13. BODY COVER
Remove right and left side covers (each side 1
screw).
1 screw
Loosen the front fender two side bolts (each side 1
bolt).
1 Bolt
Headlight coupler
Remove headlight, front winker light and power
outlet couplers.
Winker coupler
Remove front fender under side bolts (each side 1
bolt).
1 Bolt
13-7
To this chapter contents
13. BODY COVER
Remove front fender front side bolts (2 bolts).
2 Bolts
Remove the left crankcase cover duct.
Duct
Remove front fender upper bolt, and then remove
front fender and headlight.
1 Bolt
Disassembly
Remove 3 screws to remove front emblem.
3 screws
13-8
To this chapter contents
13. BODY COVER
Remove headlights inner side 4 screws.
Each side
2 screws
Remove headlights front side 4 screws, and then
remove headlights.
4 screws
Remove winker lights 4 screws, and then remove
winker lights.
Each side
2 screws
Remove 8 screws, and then remove right and left
grille.
Each side 4 screws
13-9
To this chapter contents
13. BODY COVER
Remove power outlet setting nut, and then remove
power outlet.
Installation
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
Setting nut
Rear carrier
Remove
Loosen 4 bolts from the rear carrier.
Remove the rear carrier.
Installation
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
13-10
4 Bolts
To this chapter contents
13. BODY COVER
Rear fender
Remove rear carrier.
Pull the “Seat Release Bar” up in order to remove
the seat.
This seat release bar is under the rear side of the
rear fender.
Seat release bar
Loosen the 6 screws, which connect the front
fender and side lower covers, these 6 screws just
be twin the front fender two side.
6 screws
Remove right and left side lower covers rear side
screws (each side 3 screws), and then remove
side lower covers.
3 screws
Remove right and left side covers (each side 1
screw).
1 screw
13-11
To this chapter contents
13. BODY COVER
Remove rear fender front side bolts and screws
(each side 1 screw and 1 bolt).
Each side 1 bolt
Each side 1 screw
Remove battery, CDI unit, start relay and fuse box.
Remove rear fender upper side 5 bolts.
5 bolts
Loosen the 2 bolts, which connect the rear tender
and frame, these 2 bolts just below the rear fender
light coupler side.
Each side 1 bolt
Loosen the 2 bolts, which connect the rear tender
and frame, these 2 bolts just below the rear fender
rear side.
Remove taillight couplers, and then remove rear
fender.
Installation
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
Each side 1 bolt
13-12
To this chapter contents
13. BODY COVER
Disassembly
2 screws
Remove rear fender and rear bumper upper side 2
screws.
Remove rear fender and rear bumper inner screws
(each side 2 screws).
Remove rear bumper and taillights.
Each side 2 screws
Remove tail cover and rear bumper 6 screws, and
then remove tail cover.
Remove license light 2 screws, and then remove
license light.
6 screws
2 screws
Loosen the 10 screws, and then remove taillights
(each side 5 screws).
Installation
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
Each side 5 screws
13-13
To this chapter contents
13. BODY COVER
Footrest
Remove
Loosen the 6 bolts, which connect the footrest and
frame, these 6 bolts just be twin under the
footrests.
2 bolts
1 bolt
Loosen the 4 bolts, and then remove footrest bars
and footrests.
These 4 bolts just are the right and left footrests.
Installation
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
2 bolts
13-14
Home page
Contents
14. FRONT BRAKE & FRONT WHEEL
Mechanism Diagram···························14-1
Adding Brake Fluid ···························· 14-8
Maintenance Description ···················14-2
Brake fluid replacement / Air-bleed·· 14-9
Trouble Diagnosis ······························14-3
Front Brake Caliper···························· 14-10
Front Wheel·········································14-4
Brake Disk ·········································· 14-11
Front Wheel Hub·································14-4
Front Brake Master Cylinder ············· 14-11
Disk Brake System Inspection ··········14-7
Mechanism Diagram
Front pressure control valve
Front brake master cylinder
Brake hose bolts (3.5kgf-m)
Air-bleed valve (0.5kgf-m)
To rear pressure control valve
Brake caliper bolts
(3.25kgf-m)
Brake disk bolts (4.25kgf-m)
Bearing (6203LU)
Front wheel nuts
(2.4kgf-m)
Front axle castle nuts
(5.0kgf-m)
14-1
14
To this chapter contents
14. FRONT BRAKE & FRONT WHEEL
Maintenance Description
Operational precautions
Caution
Inhaling asbestos may cause disorders of respiration system or cancer, therefore, never use air hose or
dry brush to clean brake parts. Use vacuum cleaner or other authorized tool instead.
y The brake caliper can be removed without removing the hydraulic system.
y After the hydraulic system is removed, or the brake system is felt to be too soft, bleed the hydraulic
system.
y While refilling brake fluid, care should be taken not to let the foreign material entering into the brake
system.
y Do not spill brake fluid on the painted surfaces, plastic or rubber parts to avoid damage.
y Check the operation of the brake system before riding.
y Please refer to the Maintenance Manual of tubeless tire in respect to the removal, repair and
installation of the tire.
Specifications
Item
Standard (mm)
Limit (mm)
3.500
2.000
< 0.100
0.300
Master cylinder inner diameter
14.000~14.043
14.055
Master cylinder piston outer diameter
13.957~13.984
13.945
175.000
-
5.500
2.000
The thickness of front and rear brake disk
Front and rear brake disk eccentricity
Diameter of front disk
Thickness of front brake lining
Tire pressure as cold: 0.8 kg/cm² (12psi)
Torque values
Brake hose bolts
3.50kgf-m
Bolt for brake caliper
3.25kgf-m
Bolts for the brake disk
4.25kgf-m
Brake lever nut
1.00kgf-m
Air-bleed valve
0.50kgf-m
Front wheel nut
2.40kgf-m
Front axle castle nut
5.00kgf-m
14-2
To this chapter contents
14. FRONT BRAKE & FRONT WHEEL
Trouble Diagnosis
Soft brake lever
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Air inside the hydraulic system
Hydraulic system leaking
Worn master piston
Worn brake pad
Poor brake caliper
Worn brake lining/disk
Low brake fluid
Blocked brake hose
Warp/bent brake disk
Bent brake lever
Hard operation of brake lever
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Blocked brake system
Poor brake caliper
Blocked brake pipe
Seized/worn master cylinder piston
Bent brake lever
Hard steering
1. Faulty tire
2. Insufficient tire pressure
Front wheel wobbling
1. Faulty tire
2. Worn front brake drum bearing
3. Bent rim
4. Axle nut not tightened properly
Steers to one side
1. Bent tie rods
2. Wheel installed incorrectly
3. Unequal tire pressure
4. Incorrect wheel alignment
Uneven brake
1. Dirty brake lining/disk
2. Poor wheel alignment
3. Clogged brake hose
4. Deformed or warped brake disk
5. Restricted brake hose and fittings
Tight brake
1. Dirty brake lining/disk
2. Poor wheel alignment
3. Deformed or warped brake disk
Brake noise
1. Dirty lining
2. Deformed brake disk
3. Poor brake caliper installation
4. Imbalance brake disk or wheel
14-3
To this chapter contents
14. FRONT BRAKE & FRONT WHEEL
Front Wheel
Removal
Raise the front wheels off the ground by placing a
jack or other support under the frame.
Remove the front wheel axle cover (4 screws).
4 screws
Remove the front wheel nuts, and then remove
front wheels.
Installation
Install the front wheel and tighten the nuts.
Torque: 2.4kgf-m
4 nuts
Front Wheel Hub
Removal
Remove front brake caliper (2 bolts).
2 bolts
Remove cotter pin, wheel hub nut and washer.
Remove wheel hub and brake disk.
Wheel hub nut
Cotter pin
14-4
To this chapter contents
14. FRONT BRAKE & FRONT WHEEL
Inspection
Wheel hub
Check bearings on wheel hub.
Rotate each bearing’s inner ring with fingers.
Check if bearings can be turned in smooth and
silent, and also check if bearing outer ring is
mounted on wheel hub.
If bearing rotation is uneven, noising, or loose
bearing mounted, then replace it.
Check oil seal for wear or damage, and replace it
if necessary.
Brake disk
Disassembly
Collar
Inner bearing puller
Caution
y Never install used bearings. Once bearing
removed, it has to be replaced with new one.
Remove out side bearing and seal from wheel hub
using following tools.
Special tool:
Inner bearing puller
Remove front wheel hub bearing inner spacer.
Inner spacer
Remove inner side bearing and oil seal from wheel
hub using following tools.
Special tool:
Inner bearing puller
Inner bearing puller
14-5
To this chapter contents
14. FRONT BRAKE & FRONT WHEEL
Remove 4 socket bolts, and then remove the
brake disk from wheel hub.
4 bolts
Assembly
Bearing driver
Install brake disk.
Install new inner side bearing and seal into front
wheel hub.
Install front wheel hub bearing inner spacer.
Install new out side bearing and seal into front
wheel hub.
Special tool:
Bearing driver (6203)
Oil seal drive (24×35×7)
Installation
Wheel hub nut
Install the front brake disk to the wheel hub.
Install wheel hub and brake disk on to knuckle.
Install wheel hub washer and tighten the wheel
hub nut.
Torque: 5.0kgf-m
Install cotter pin.
Cotter pin
Install front brake caliper.
Torque: 3.25kgf-m
2 bolts
14-6
To this chapter contents
14. FRONT BRAKE & FRONT WHEEL
Disk Brake System Inspection
Inspection
By visual examination whether divulges or the
damage, with spanner inspection brake tube seam
whether becomes less crowded, and the
inspection handle bar turn right or turn left, or
pressure the cushion, whether besides the
pipeline protection department, whether there is
interferes, contacts other parts of.
Check the brake from behind the brake caliper.
The brake pad must be replaced with new lining
when the brake pad wear limit reaches the brake
disk.
Caution
Brake linings
wear limit
groo es
Front brake
Brake disk
y Check the front brake lining must be removed
front wheel first.
Park the ATV on a level ground, and check if fluid
level is under the “LOWER” mark.
Recommended Brake Fluid: WELL RUN BRAKE
OIL (DOT 3).
Caution
y The vehicles inclined or just stop, the survey oil
level could not be accurate, had to settle the
3~5 minute.
y In order to prevent has the chemical change,
please do not use counterfeiting or other
unclear trade marks brake fluid.
y Uses by all means must with the trade mark
brake fluid, guarantees the ghost vehicle
efficiency.
14-7
To this chapter contents
14. FRONT BRAKE & FRONT WHEEL
Adding Brake Fluid
Master cylinder
Before the brake fluid reservoir is removed, turn
the handle so that the brake fluid reservoir
becomes horizontal, and then remove the brake
fluid reservoir.
When maintenance brake system, will be
supposed to paint the surface or the rubber parts
catches up by the rags.
Caution
Supplement brake fluid please do not surpass the
upper limit, spilled brake fluid on painted
surfaces, plastic or rubber components may
result in their damages.
Screw
Remove the master cylinder cap and diaphragm.
Increases the high quality brake fluid, uses by all
means must with the trade mark brake fluid joins
in the master cylinder.
Clean the dirty brake disk.
Caution
y The dirty brake lining or disk will reduce the
brake performance.
y To mixed non-compatible brake fluid will
reduce brake performance.
y Foreign materials will block the system
causing brake performance to be reduced or
totally lost.
14-8
Upper level
Master cylinder cap
Diaphragm
To this chapter contents
14. FRONT BRAKE & FRONT WHEEL
Brake fluid replacement / Air-bleed
Air-bleed valve
Connect drain hose to air-bleed valve.
Open the drain valve on the caliper and operate
the brake lever until the old brake fluid is entirely
drained out.
Close the drain valve and add specified brake fluid
into the brake master cylinder.
Recommended brake fluid: WELLRUN DOT 3
brake fluid
Pressure control valve
Air-bleed must from pressure control valve fist.
Connect one end of transparent hose to the
air-bleed valve, and put the other end into a
container.
Air-bleed valve
Open the drain valve around 1/4 turns, and at the
same time hold the brake lever until the there is no
air bubble in the drain hose and also feeling
resistance on the brake lever.
Close the drain valve when finishing the brake
system refilling fluid procedure, and operate the
brake lever to check whether air bubble is in
brake system or not.
Bubble
Air-bleed valve
If brake is still soft, please bleed the system as
described below:
1. Tightly hold the brake lever and open the drain
valve around 1/4 turns, and then close the
valve.
Caution
y Do not release the brake lever before the
drain valve is closed.
y Always check the brake fluid level when
carrying out the air bleeding procedure to
avoid air enters into the system.
2. Slowly release the brake lever, and wait for a
few seconds until it reaches its top position.
3. Repeat the steps 1 and 2 until there is no air
bubble at the end of the hose.
4. Tightly close the drain valve.
5. Make sure the brake fluid is in the UPPER level
of the master cylinder, and refill the fluid if
necessary.
6. Cover the cap.
Transparent hose
14-9
To this chapter contents
14. FRONT BRAKE & FRONT WHEEL
Front Brake Caliper
Brake hose bolt
Removal
Place a container under the brake caliper, and
loosen the brake hose bolt and finally remove the
brake hose.
Caution
Do not spill brake fluid on painted surfaces.
Remove two caliper bolts and the caliper.
2 bolts
Inspection
Make sure the brake linings condition. Replace
the linings if the brake linings wear limitation
groove close to the brake disk.
Brake lining replacement
Remove two guide pins.
Compress caliper mounting plate, and then
remove brake linings.
Install new linings, and tighten the guide pins.
Installation
Install the brake caliper and tighten the attaching
bolts securely.
Torque: 3.25kgf-m
Caution
y Use M8 x 20 mm flange bolt only.
y Long bolt will impair the operation of brake
disk.
Use two seal washers and hose bolts to lock the
hose and brake caliper in place.
Torque: 3.5kgf-m
Refill up the brake fluid to the reservoir and make
necessary air bleeding.
14-10
Guide pins
To this chapter contents
14. FRONT BRAKE & FRONT WHEEL
Brake Disk
Brake disk
Inspection
Visually check the brake disk for wear or break.
Measure the thickness of the disk at several
places. Replace the disk if it has exceeded the
service limit.
Allowable limit: 2.5 mm
Micrometer
Remove the brake disk from wheel hub.
Check the disk for deformation and bend.
Allowable limit: 0.30 mm
Caution
y The dirty brake lining or disk will reduce the
brake performance.
y Brake lining includes the asbestos ingredient,
cannot use the air-gun to be clean, the
operator should dress the mouthpiece and
the glove, use vacuum cleaner clean it.
Front Brake Master Cylinder
Master Cylinder Removal
Caution
Do not let foreign materials enter into the
cylinder.
Caution
The whole set of master cylinder, piston, spring,
diaphragm and cir clip should be replaced as a
set.
Push the lead of brake light switch, and then
remove brake light switch.
Drain out the brake fluid.
Remove the brake lever from the brake master
cylinder.
Remove the brake hose.
Remove the master cylinder socket bolts and the
master cylinder.
Brake light switch
2 socket bolts
14-11
To this chapter contents
14. FRONT BRAKE & FRONT WHEEL
Remove the rubber boot.
Remove the cir clip.
Remove the piston and the spring.
Clean the master cylinder with recommended
brake fluid.
Cir clip
Rubber boot
Piston
Piston cup
Spring
Master cylinder
Master Cylinder Inspection
Check the master cylinder for damage or scratch.
Replace it if necessary.
Measure the cylinder inner diameter at several
points along both X and Y directions.
Replace the cylinder if the measured values
exceed allowable limit.
Allowable limit: 14.055 mm
Measure the outer diameter of the piston.
Replace the piston if its measured value exceeds
allowable limit.
Allowable limit: 13.945 mm
Master Cylinder Assembly
Caution
y It is necessary to replace the whole set
comprising piston, spring, piston cup, and cir
clip.
y Make sure there is no dust on all components
before assembling.
Apply clean brake fluid to the piston cup, and then
install the cup onto the piston.
Install the larger end of the spring onto the master
cylinder.
The master cup’s cavity should be face inside of
master cylinder when installing the master cup.
Install the cir clip.
Caution
Cir clip
Rubber boot
Piston
Piston cup
Spring
y Never install cup lip in the opposite direction.
y Make sure the cir clip is seated securely in
the groove.
Install the rubber boot into groove properly.
14-12
Master cylinder
To this chapter contents
14. FRONT BRAKE & FRONT WHEEL
Master Cylinder Install
Install the rubber pad into the groove correctly.
Place the master cylinder onto handlebar, and
install the bolts.
2 socket bolts
Install the brake lever, and connect leads to brake
light switch.
Connect brake hoses with 2 new washers.
Tighten the brake hose bolt to the specified torque
value.
Torque: 3.5kgf-m
Make sure the hose is installed correctly.
Install all wires, hoses, and components carefully
so avoid to twisting them together.
Brake lever bolt
Brake light switch
2 Washers
Caution
Improper routing may damage leads, hoses or
pipes.
Caution
Kink of brake leads, hose or pipe may reduce
brake performance.
Add specified brake fluid and bleed the system.
14-13
To this chapter contents
14. FRONT BRAKE & FRONT WHEEL
Notes:
14-14
Home page
Contents
15. STEERING / FRONT SUSPENSION
Mechanism Diagram ··························15-1
Steering Tie-Rod ································ 15-6
Operational Precautions ····················15-2
Knuckle ··············································· 15-7
Trouble Diagnosis ······························15-2
Front Cushion ···································· 15-8
Steering Handle ··································15-3
Suspension Arm ································ 15-9
Steering Shaft ·····································15-5
Toe-In ·················································· 15-10
Mechanism Diagram
2.4kgf-m
4.0kgf-m
3.4kgf-m
3.6kgf-m
15
5.0kgf-m
4. 6kgf-m
5.0kgf-m
5.0kgf-m
5.0kgf-m
5.0kgf-m
15-1
To this chapter contents
15. STEERING / FRONT SUSPENSION
Operational Precautions
Torque Values
Handlebar upper holder bolt
Handlebar under holder nut
Steering shaft holder bolt
Steering shaft nut
Steering tie-rod nut
Knuckle nut
Tie rod lock nut
Suspension arm nut
Front cushion mounting nut
2.4kgf-m
4.0kgf-m
3.4kgf-m
5.0kgf-m
5.0kgf-m
5.0kgf-m
3.6kgf-m
5.0kgf-m
4.6kgf-m
Trouble Diagnosis
Hard to steer
Front suspension noise
y
y
y
y
y
y Loose front suspension fasteners.
y Binding suspension link.
Faulty tire.
Steering shaft holder too tight.
Insufficient tire pressure.
Faulty steering shaft bushing.
Damaged steering shaft bushing.
Front wheel wobbling
y
y
y
y
Faulty tire.
Worn front brake drum bearing.
Bent rim.
Axle nut not tightened properly.
Steers to one side
y
y
y
y
y
y
Bent tie rods.
Wheel installed incorrectly.
Unequal tire pressure.
Bent frame.
Worn swing arm pivot bushings.
Incorrect wheel alignment.
15-2
Hard suspension
y Faulty front swing arm bushings.
y Improperly installed front swing arms.
y Bent front shock absorber swing rod.
Soft suspension
y Weak front shock absorber springs.
y Worn or damage front swing arm bushings.
To this chapter contents
15. STEERING / FRONT SUSPENSION
Steering Handle
Removal
Remove the handle cover, meter set, handle
protect cover and front fender. (Refer to chapter
13)
Loosen the socket bolts for the front brake master
cylinder, and remove front brake master cylinder.
Handle protect cover
brocket bolts
Caution
Do not let foreign materials enter into the cylinder.
Master cylinder bolts
Remove 2 screws, and then remove throttle
hosing holder and throttle hosing.
2 Screws
Loosen the socket bolts for the front brake master
cylinder, and remove front brake master cylinder.
Master cylinder bolts
Caution
Do not let foreign materials enter into the cylinder.
Handle protect cover
brocket bolts
15-3
To this chapter contents
15. STEERING / FRONT SUSPENSION
Loosen 2 screws, and then remove handle left
switch and choke hosing.
2 screws
Remove switch wire band.
Remove handle mounting bolt, and then remove
the handle upper holder, handle.
4 socket bolts
Remove 2 nuts to remove handle under holder
and meter bracket.
2 Nuts
Installation
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
Torque value:
Handlebar under holder nut
Handlebar upper holder bolt
15-4
4.0kgf-m
2.4kgf-m
To this chapter contents
15. STEERING / FRONT SUSPENSION
Steering Shaft
Tie-rod nuts
Remove
Remove cotter pins, and loosen right and left
steering tie-rod nuts.
Remove tie-rod.
Cotter pin
Remove the cotter pin below steering shaft, and
remove steering shaft nut and washer.
Steering shaft nut
Cotter pin
Bend out the steering shaft holder nut fixed plate.
Loosen 2 bolts, and then remove steering shaft
holder, nut fixed plate, pressed plate and steering
shaft.
Inspection
Check oil rings for wear or damage, and replace it
if necessary.
Measure the holder inner diameter.
Maximum limit: Ø39.5 mm
Fixed plate
Oil rings
Installation
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
Apply with grease onto oil liner and holder.
Torque value:
Steering shaft holder bolt
Steering shaft nut
Steering tie-rod nut
3.4kgf-m
5.0kgf-m
5.0kgf-m
Oil rings
Oil liners
15-5
To this chapter contents
15. STEERING / FRONT SUSPENSION
Steering Tie-Rod
Tie-rod nuts
Remove
Remove cotter pin and tie-rod nut from steering
shaft side.
Cotter pin
Remove cotter pin and tie-rod nut from wheel side.
Tie-rod nuts
Cotter pin
Inspection
Inspect the tie-rod for damage or bending.
Inspect the ball joint rubbers for damage, wear or
deterioration.
Turn the ball joints with fingers. The ball joints
should turn smoothly and quietly.
Ball joint
Installation
Install the ball joint with “adjustment groove” on
the wheel side.
Install tie-rod nuts, and tighten the nuts.
Torque value: 5.0kgf-m
After tightened the tie-rod nut, install the cotter pin.
Adjustment groove
15-6
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15. STEERING / FRONT SUSPENSION
Knuckle
Remove
Remove front wheel, front brake caliper, front
wheel hub and brake disk.
Remove cotter pin and tie-rod nut, remove tie rod.
Tie-rod
Nut
Cotter pin
Universal holder
Remove cotter pin and ball joint nut.
Remove upper and under ball joints by ball joint
driver.
Remove the knuckle.
Special Tool:ball joint driver
Ball joint
Ball joint
Inspection
Inspect the upper and under ball joints and
knuckle for damaging or cracking.
Knuckle
Installation
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
Torque value:
Steering tie-rod nut
5.0kgf-m
Ball joint nut
5.0kgf-m
After tightened the nuts, install the cotter pins.
Ball joint
15-7
To this chapter contents
15. STEERING / FRONT SUSPENSION
Front Cushion
Nut
Remove
Remove front cushion under bolt nut, and remove
the bolt.
Remove front cushion upper bolt nut, and remove
the bolt and cushion.
Installation
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
Torque value:
Front cushion nut
4.6kgf-m
15-8
Nut
To this chapter contents
15. STEERING / FRONT SUSPENSION
Suspension Arm
Remove
Remove front wheel, wheel hub, and brake caliper,
brake disk, tie-rod, knuckle and front cushion.
Suspension arm nuts and bolts
Loosen upper suspension arm nuts, remove swing
arm bolts.
Remove upper suspension arm.
Suspension arm nuts and bolts
Loosen under suspension arm nuts, remove swing
arm bolts.
Remove under suspension arm.
Inspection
Inspect the suspension arm, ball joint and bush for
damage or bending.
Installation
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
Torque value:
5.0kgf-m
Suspension arm nut
Bush
Bush
Ball joint
Lubricate with grease into suspension arm.
15-9
To this chapter contents
15. STEERING / FRONT SUSPENSION
Toe-In
When repair or disassemble steering system parts,
must to adjustment the toe-in.
Keep the vehicle on level ground and the front
wheels facing straight ahead.
Mark the centers of the tires to indicate the axle
center height.
Measure the distance between the marks.
Carefully to move the vehicle back, let the wheels
turn 180 degree, so the marks on the tires are
aligned with the axle center height.
Measure the distance between the marks.
Calculate the difference in the front and rear
measurements.
Toe-in: 5±10mm
If the toe-in is out of standard, adjust it by hanging
the length of the tie-rods equally by turning the
tie-rod while holding the ball joint.
Loosen two side tie-rod lock nuts; turn the tie-rods
to adjustment toe-in.
Tighten the lock nuts.
Torque value: 3.6kgf-m
Lock nut
Adjustment groove
15-10
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Contents
16. REAR BRAKE & REAR WHEEL & REAR CUSHION
Mechanism Diagram···························16-1
Disk Brake System Inspection·········· 16-10
Maintenance Description ···················16-2
Adding Brake Fluid ···························· 16-11
Trouble Diagnosis ······························16-3
Brake fluid replacement / Air-bleed·· 16-12
Rear Wheel ··········································16-4
Rear Brake Caliper ····························· 16-13
Rear Wheel Shaft Connecter ·············16-4
Brake Disk ·········································· 16-14
Rear Wheel Axle ·································16-5
Rear Brake Master Cylinder ·············· 16-14
Disk Brake System Inspection ··········16-10
Rear Cushion······································ 16-18
Mechanism Diagram
Rear brake master cylinder A
Brake hose bolts (3.5kgf-m)
Rear pressure control valve
To front pressure control valve
Air-bleed valve (0.5kgf-m)
Brake disk bolts (4.25kgf-m)
Brake caliper
bolts (3.25kgf-m)
Rear wheel axle
nuts (9.2kgf-m)
Rear axle holder
bolts (9.2kgf-m)
Rear brake
master cylinder B
16
Driven gear nuts
(4.6kgf-m)
Rear wheel nuts
(2.4kgf-m)
Rear axle castle nuts
(5.0kgf-m)
16-1
To this chapter contents
16. REAR BRAKE & REAR WHEEL & REAR CUSHION
Maintenance Description
Operational precautions
Caution
Inhaling asbestos may cause disorders of respiration system or cancer, therefore, never use air hose or
dry brush to clean brake parts. Use vacuum cleaner or other authorized tool instead.
y The brake caliper can be removed without removing the hydraulic system.
y After the hydraulic system is removed, or the brake system is felt to be too soft, bleed the hydraulic
system.
y While refilling brake fluid, care should be taken not to let the foreign material entering into the brake
system.
y Do not spill brake fluid on the painted surfaces, plastic or rubber parts to avoid damage.
y Check the operation of the brake system before riding.
y Please refer to the Maintenance Manual of tubeless tire in respect to the removal, repair and
installation of the tire.
Specifications
Item
Standard (mm)
Limit (mm)
4.000
2.500
< 0.100
0.300
Master cylinder inner diameter (hand brake)
14.000 ~ 14.043
14.055
Master cylinder piston outer diameter (hand brake)
13.957 ~ 13.984
13.945
Master cylinder inner diameter (foot brake)
15.900 ~ 15.943
15.955
Master cylinder piston outer diameter (foot brake)
15.857 ~ 15.884
15.845
220.000
-
7.000
2.000
The thickness of front and rear brake disk
Front and rear brake disk eccentricity
Diameter of rear disk
Thickness of rear brake lining
Tire pressure as cold: 0.8 kg/cm² (12psi)
Torque values
Brake hose bolt
Bolt for brake caliper
Bolts for the brake disk
Brake lever nut
Air-bleed valve
Rear wheel nut
3.50kgf-m
3.25kgf-m
4.25kgf-m
1.00kgf-m
0.50kgf-m
2.40kgf-m
Rear axle castle nut
Rear axle holder bolt
Rear wheel axle nut
Rear cushion mounting bolt
Swing arm pivot bolt
Special tools
Inner bearing puller: SYM-6204022
Rear axle bearing driver (6007LLU): SYM-9100100 RA1 A3017
16-2
5.00kgf-m
9.20kgf-m
9.20kgf-m
4.6kgf-m
9.2kgf-m
To this chapter contents
16. REAR BRAKE & REAR WHEEL & REAR CUSHION
Trouble Diagnosis
Soft brake lever
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Air inside the hydraulic system
Hydraulic system leaking
Worn master piston
Worn brake pad
Poor brake caliper
Worn brake lining/disk
Low brake fluid
Blocked brake hose
Warp/bent brake disk
Bent brake lever
Vibration or Wobble
1. Axle is not tightened well
2. Bent rim
3. Axle bearings are worn
4. Faulty tires
5. Rear axle bearing holder is faulty
Hard Suspension
1. Bent damper rod
2. Faulty swing arm pivot bushings
Hard operation of brake lever
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Blocked brake system
Poor brake caliper
Blocked brake pipe
Seized/worn master cylinder piston
Bent brake lever
Soft Suspension
1. Weak shock absorber damper
2. Weak shock absorber spring
Uneven brake
1. Dirty brake lining/disk
2. Poor wheel alignment
3. Clogged brake hose
4. Deformed or warped brake disk
5. Restricted brake hose and fittings
Tight brake
1. Dirty brake lining/disk
2. Poor wheel alignment
3. Deformed or warped brake disk
Brake noise
1. Dirty lining
2. Deformed brake disk
3. Poor brake caliper installation
4. Imbalance brake disk or wheel
16-3
To this chapter contents
16. REAR BRAKE & REAR WHEEL & REAR CUSHION
Rear Wheel
Removal
Raise the rear wheels off the ground by placing a
jack or other support under the frame.
Remove rear axle cover (4 screws).
4 screws
Remove the rear wheel nuts, and then remove
rear wheels.
Installation
Install the rear wheel and tighten the nuts.
Torque: 2.4kgf-m
4 nuts
Rear Wheel Axle Connecter
Wheel hub nut
Removal
Remove cotter pin, rear wheel axle connecter nut
and washer.
Cotter pin
Remove right and left rear wheel axle connecter.
Installation
Install the rear wheel shaft connecter.
Install wheel shaft connecter washer and tighten
the wheel shaft connecter nut.
Torque: 2.4kgf-m
Install cotter pin.
16-4
To this chapter contents
16. REAR BRAKE & REAR WHEEL & REAR CUSHION
Rear Wheel Axle
Remove right and left rear wheel, wheel
connecter.
Remove 2 bolts, and then remove rear brake
caliper.
2 bolts
Remove 2 bolts and 1 nut, and remove drive chain
cover.
2 bolts
1 nut
Remove 4 bolts to remove rear under protect.
Front side 2 bolts
Rear side 2 bolts
Remove drive chain lock clip, master link, and
then remove drive chain.
Master link
Lock clip
16-5
To this chapter contents
16. REAR BRAKE & REAR WHEEL & REAR CUSHION
Remove 4 nuts, and remove driven sprocket.
Bend out the rear axle nut fixed plate.
4 nuts
Bend out the rear wheel axle holder nut fixed
plate.
Fixed plate
Remove rear wheel axle nuts.
Special tool:
Rear axle nut wrench (55mm)
Remove rear brake disk bracket and disk.
16-6
Brake disk bracket
To this chapter contents
16. REAR BRAKE & REAR WHEEL & REAR CUSHION
Remove rear wheel axle and driven sprocket
holder.
Driven sprocket holder
Inspection
Check bearings on rear wheel axle bearing seat.
Rotate each bearing’s inner ring with fingers.
Check if bearings can be turned in smooth and
silent, and also check if bearing outer ring is
mounted on bearing seat.
If bearing rotation is uneven, noising, or loose
bearing mounted, then replace it.
Check oil seal for wear or damage, and replace it
if necessary.
Disassembly
Caution
Inner bearing puller
y Never install used bearings. Once bearing
removed, it has to be replaced with new one.
Remove bearing and seal from rear wheel axle
bearing seat using following tools.
Special tool:
Inner bearing puller (SYM-6204022)
Remove bearing spacer.
Assembly
Install new left side bearing and seal into rear
wheel axle bearing seat.
Install rear wheel axle bearing inner spacer.
Install new out right bearing and seal into front
wheel hub.
Apply with grease onto the oil seal lip of rear
wheel axle.
Special tool:
Bearing driver (6007LLU)
Oil seal drive (48×62×7)
Oil seal drive (43×62×12)
16-7
To this chapter contents
16. REAR BRAKE & REAR WHEEL & REAR CUSHION
Installation
Install rear wheel axle and driven sprocket holder.
Driven sprocket holder
Install rear brake disk bracket and disk.
Brake disk bracket
Install rear wheel axle nuts, rear axle nut fixed
plate and tighten the nuts.
Torque: 9.2kgf-m
Special tool:
Rear axle nut wrench (55mm)
Rear axle nut torque wrench
Torque wrench
After tightened the axle nut, bend the rear axle nut
fixed plate.
16-8
Fixed plate
To this chapter contents
16. REAR BRAKE & REAR WHEEL & REAR CUSHION
Install driven sprocket, drive chain, drive chain
cover and brake caliper.
Moving direction
Master link
Caution
y Note the chain lock clip direction.
Install rear wheel shaft connecter, rear wheel.
Lock clip
Driven sprocket inspection
Check the condition of the driven sprocket teeth.
Replace the sprocket if it worn.
{
X
Caution
y The drive chain, drive sprocket and driven
sprocket must be also inspected for wear.
Rear swing arm
Removal
Remove rear under protect, drive chain, driven
sprocket, rear brake caliper, brake disk and rear
axle.
Remove 2 nuts and bolt, and remove rear axle
holder.
Remove rear swing arm lock nut.
Remove rear swing arm bolt, and then remove
rear swing arm.
Lock nut
16-9
To this chapter contents
16. REAR BRAKE & REAR WHEEL & REAR CUSHION
Disk Brake System Inspection
Inspection
By visual examination whether divulges or the
damage, with spanner inspection brake tube seam
whether becomes less crowded, and the
inspection handle bar turn right or turn left, or
pressure the cushion, whether besides the
pipeline protection department, whether there is
interferes, contacts other parts of.
Check the brake from behind the brake caliper.
The brake pad must be replaced with new lining
when the brake pad wear limit reaches the brake
disk.
Caution
y Check the rear brake lining must be removed
rear wheel first.
Park the ATV on a level ground, and check if fluid
level is under the “LOWER” mark.
Recommended Brake Fluid: WELL RUN BRAKE
OIL (DOT 3).
Caution
y The vehicles inclined or just stop, the survey oil
level could not be accurate, had to settle the
3~5 minute.
y In order to prevent has the chemical change,
please do not use counterfeiting or other
unclear trade marks brake fluid.
y Uses by all means must with the trade mark
brake fluid, guarantees the ghost vehicle
efficiency.
16-10
Brake lining wears
limit grooves
Brake disk
To this chapter contents
16. REAR BRAKE & REAR WHEEL & REAR CUSHION
Adding Brake Fluid
Fluid cup
Before the brake fluid reservoir is removed, turn
the handle so that the brake fluid reservoir
becomes horizontal, and then remove the brake
fluid reservoir.
When maintenance brake system, will be
supposed to paint the surface or the rubber parts
catches up by the rags.
Caution
Supplement brake fluid please do not surpass the
upper limit, spilled brake fluid on painted
surfaces, plastic or rubber components may
result in their damages.
Fluid cup
Remove the brake fluid cap and diaphragm.
Increases the high quality brake fluid, uses by all
means must with the trade mark brake fluid joins
in the master cylinder.
Clean the dirty brake disk.
Caution
y The dirty brake lining or disk will reduce the
brake performance.
y To mixed non-compatible brake fluid will
reduce brake performance.
y Foreign materials will block the system
causing brake performance to be reduced or
totally lost.
Master cylinder
Screw
Upper level
Brake fluid cap
Diaphragm
16-11
To this chapter contents
16. REAR BRAKE & REAR WHEEL & REAR CUSHION
Brake fluid replacement / Air-bleed
Air-bleed valve
Connect drain hose to air-bleed valve.
Open the drain valve on the caliper and operate
the brake lever until the old brake fluid is entirely
drained out.
Close the drain valve and add specified brake fluid
into the brake master cylinder.
Recommended brake fluid: WELLRUN DOT 3
brake fluid
Connect one end of transparent hose to the drain
valve, and put the other end into a container.
Open the drain valve around 1/4 turns, and at the
same time hold the brake lever until the there is no
air bubble in the drain hose and also feeling
resistance on the brake lever.
Close the drain valve when finishing the brake
system refilling fluid procedure, and operate the
brake lever to check whether air bubble is in
brake system or not.
If brake is still soft, please bleed the system as
described below:
1. Tightly hold the brake lever and open the drain
valve around 1/4 turns, and then close the
valve.
Caution
y Do not release the brake lever before the
drain valve is closed.
y Always check the brake fluid level when
carrying out the air bleeding procedure to
avoid air enters into the system.
2. Slowly release the brake lever, and wait for a
few seconds until it reaches its top position.
3. Repeat the steps 1 and 2 until there is no air
bubble at the end of the hose.
4. Tightly close the drain valve.
5. Make sure the brake fluid is in the UPPER level
of the master cylinder, and refill the fluid if
necessary.
6. Cover the cap.
16-12
Bubble
Air-bleed valve
Transparent hose
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16. REAR BRAKE & REAR WHEEL & REAR CUSHION
Rear Brake Caliper
Brake hose bolt
Removal
Place a container under the brake caliper, and
loosen the brake hose bolt and finally remove the
brake hose.
Caution
Do not spill brake fluid on painted surfaces.
Remove two caliper bolts and the caliper.
2 bolts
Inspection
Make sure the brake linings condition. Replace
the linings if the brake linings wear limitation
groove close to the brake disk.
Installation
Install the brake caliper and tighten the attaching
bolts securely.
Torque: 3.25kgf-m
Caution
y Use M8 x 20 mm flange bolt only.
y Long bolt will impair the operation of brake
disk.
Use two seal washers and hose bolts to lock the
hose and brake caliper in place.
Torque: 3.5kgf-m
Refill up the brake fluid to the reservoir and make
necessary air bleeding.
Brake lining replacement
Remove two guide pins.
Guide pins
Remove brake caliper cylinder, and then remove
brake linings.
Install new linings and brake caliper cylinder.
Tighten the guide pins.
Torque: 1.8kgf-m
16-13
To this chapter contents
16. REAR BRAKE & REAR WHEEL & REAR CUSHION
Brake Disk
Brake disk
Inspection
Visually check the brake disk for wear or break.
Measure the thickness of the disk at several
places. Replace the disk if it has exceeded the
service limit.
Allowable limit: 2.5 mm
Micrometer
Remove the brake disk from rear wheel axle.
Check the disk for deformation and bend.
Allowable limit: 0.30 mm
Caution
y The dirty brake lining or disk will reduce the
brake performance.
y Brake lining includes the asbestos ingredient,
cannot use the air-gun to be clean, the
operator should dress the mouthpiece and
the glove, use vacuum cleaner clean it.
Rear Brake Master Cylinder
Master Cylinder Removal
Brake lever bolt
Caution
Do not let foreign materials enter into the
cylinder.
Caution
The whole set of master cylinder, piston, spring,
diaphragm and cir clip should be replaced as a
set.
Brake light switch coupler
Brake lever nut
Handle left side – rear brake master cylinder A
Remove brake light switch coupler.
Drain out the brake fluid.
Remove the brake hose.
Remove the brake lever from the brake master
cylinder.
Remove the master cylinder socket bolts and the
master cylinder.
2 socket bolts
16-14
To this chapter contents
16. REAR BRAKE & REAR WHEEL & REAR CUSHION
Right footrest side – rear brake master cylinder
B
Place a container under the brake master cylinder,
remove fluid hose clamp, and drain out the brake
fluid.
Loosen the brake hose bolt and finally remove the
brake hose.
2 bolts
Hose clamp
Remove the E type clip, and remove brake push
rod pin.
Remove the master cylinder socket bolts and the
master cylinder.
E type clip
Disassembly
Remove the rubber boot.
Remove the cir clip.
Remove the piston and the spring.
Clean the master cylinder with recommended
brake fluid.
Cir clip
Rubber boot
Piston
Piston cup
Spring
Master cylinder
Master Cylinder Inspection
Check the master cylinder for damage or scratch.
Replace it if necessary.
Measure the cylinder inner diameter at several
points along both X and Y directions.
Replace the cylinder if the measured values
exceed allowable limit.
Allowable limit:
Hand brake 14.050 mm
Foot brake 15.950 mm
16-15
To this chapter contents
16. REAR BRAKE & REAR WHEEL & REAR CUSHION
Measure the outer diameter of the piston.
Replace the piston if its measured value exceeds
allowable limit.
Allowable limit:
Hand brake 13.954 mm
Foot brake 15.850 mm
Master Cylinder Assembly
Caution
y It is necessary to replace the whole set
comprising piston, spring, piston cup, and cir
clip.
y Make sure there is no dust on all components
before assembling.
Apply clean brake fluid to the piston cup, and then
install the cup onto the piston.
Install the larger end of the spring onto the master
cylinder.
The master cup’s cavity should be face inside of
master cylinder when installing the master cup.
Install the cir clip.
Cir clip
Rubber boot
Piston
Piston cup
Spring
Caution
y Never install cup lip in the opposite direction.
y Make sure the cir clip is seated securely in
the groove.
Master cylinder
Install the rubber boot into groove properly.
Master Cylinder Install
Caution
Improper routing may damage leads, hoses or
pipes.
Caution
Kink of brake leads, hose or pipe may reduce
brake performance.
Handle left side – rear brake master cylinder A
Install the rubber pad into the groove correctly.
Place the master cylinder onto handlebar, and
install the bolts.
Install the brake lever, and connect coupler to
brake light switch.
Connect brake hoses with 2 new washers.
Tighten the brake hose bolt to the specified torque
value.
Torque: 3.5kgf-m
Make sure the hose is installed correctly.
Install all wires, hoses, and components carefully
so avoid to twisting them together.
Add specified brake fluid and bleed the system.
16-16
2 socket bolts
Brake lever bolt
Brake light switch coupler
Brake lever nut
To this chapter contents
16. REAR BRAKE & REAR WHEEL & REAR CUSHION
Right footrest side – rear brake master cylinder
B
Install the master cylinder bolts and the master
cylinder.
2 bolts
Hose clamp
Install brake push rod to the brake pedal, and
install pin and E type clip.
Lock nut
Adjustment nut
Caution
To adjustment brake pedal, you must be
removed push rod pin fist.
Loosen lock nut, and turn adjustment nut and
push rod bracket to adjustment brake free play.
E type clip
Install fluid hose and clamp.
Connect brake hoses with 2 new washers.
Tighten the brake hose bolt to the specified torque
value.
Torque: 3.5kgf-m
Make sure the hose is installed correctly.
Install all wires, hoses, and components carefully
so avoid to twisting them together.
Add specified brake fluid and bleed the system.
2 washers
Hose clamp
16-17
To this chapter contents
16. REAR BRAKE & REAR WHEEL & REAR CUSHION
Rear Cushion
Nut
Removal
Support the frame.
Loosen rear cushion under bolt nut, and remove
rear cushion under bolt.
Rear cushion under bolt
Remove rear cushion upper bolt, and then remove
rear cushion.
Installation
Install rear cushion, and install rear cushion upper
bolt.
Install rear cushion under bolt, and install nut.
Tighten the rear cushion upper bolt and under nut
to the specified torque value.
Torque: 4.6kgf-m
Rear cushion upper bolt
16-18
Home page
Contents
17. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Mechanism Diagram ··························17-1
Meters················································· 17-12
Maintenance Data·······························17-2
Light / Bulb········································· 17-13
Technical Specification······················17-2
Switch / Horn······································ 17-16
Trouble Diagnosis ······························17-3
Fuel Unit ············································· 17-19
Battery ·················································17-4
Cooling Fan Thermo Switch ············· 17-20
Charging System ································17-5
Thermo unit········································ 17-21
Ignition System···································17-8
Water Temperature Indicator Light ·· 17-21
Starting System ··································17-10
Mechanism Diagram
Front brake switch
C.D.I. Unit
Main switch
Battery
Shift gear
control unit
Fuse box
Hazard
control unit
Starter relay
Winker relay
Rear brake switch
Regulator rectifier
AC. Generator
Thermo unit
Start & light &
winker & horn &
brake switch
17
DC. Power outlet
Fuel unit
Headlight relay
Ignition coil
Spark plug
Horn
Change switch
17-1
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17. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Maintenance Data
Operational precaution
y When remove the battery, the disconnection sequence of cable terminals shall be strictly observed.
(First disconnect the negative cable terminal, next, the positive cable terminal.)
y The model of the spark plug and the tightening torque.
y The ignition timing.
y Adjustment of headlight.
y Removal and installation of AC generator.
y The maintenance free battery requires no inspection of electrolyte level and refilling of distilled water.
y To recharge the battery, remove the battery from rack without removing ventilation caps.
y Unless in emergency, never rapid charge the battery.
y The voltage must be checked with the voltmeter while charging the battery.
y As C.D.I assembly does not require an ignition timing check. In case ignition timing is incorrect, check
C.D.I and AC generator. Verify with an ignition timing light after replacement if necessary.
Technical Specification
Charging system
Description
Battery
Specification
Capacity
12V10Ah
Charging rate
1A / 5 hours (standard)
4A / 1 hour (fast charging)
Leak current
< 1mA
Charging current
1.2 A / 1500rpm
Control voltage in charging
14.5 + 0.5 V / 1500rpm
Ignition system
Description
Spark plug
Ignition coil and
resistance
Ignition timing
17-2
Specification
Model
NGK CR8E (Recommended)
Gap
0.8mm
Primary winding
0.17 ± 10%Ω
Secondary winding
“F” mark
Without cap: 3.1 ± 10KΩ
With cap:8.1 ± 10KΩ
10° TDC / 1700rpm
27°TDC / 4000rpm
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17. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Trouble Diagnosis
No voltage
y
y
y
y
Battery discharged
The cable disconnected
The fuse is blown
Improper operation of the main switch
Charging system does not operate
properly
y
y
y
y
Burnt fuse
Poor contact, open or short circuit
Poor regulator
Poor ACG
Low voltage
y
y
y
y
The battery is not fully charged
Poor contact
Poor charging system
Poor voltage regulator
No spark produced by spark plug
y The spark plug is out of work
y The cable is poorly connected, open or
short-circuited
- Between AC.G. and C.D.I.
y Poor connection between C.D.I. and ignition
coil
- Poor connection between C.D.I. and the
main switch
y Poor main switch
y Poor C.D.I.
y AC.G. is out of work
Starter motor does not work
The fuse is blown
The battery is not fully charge
Poor main switch
Poor starter switch
The front and rear brake switches do not
operate correctly
y Starter relay is out of work
y The ignition coil is poorly connected, open or
short-circuited
y The starter motor is out of work
y
y
y
y
y
Engine does not crank smoothly
y Primary winding circuit
- Poor ignition coil
- Poor connection of cable and connectors
- Poor main switch
y Secondary winding circuit
- Poor ignition coil
- Poor spark plug
- Poor ignition coil cable
- Current leakage in the spark plug
y Incorrect ignition timing
- Poor AC.G.
- Improper installation of the pulse sensor
- Poor C.D.I.
Weak starter motor
y
y
y
y
Poor charging system
The battery is not fully charged
Poor connection in the windings
The motor gear is jammed by foreign material
Starter motor is working, but engine does
not crank
y Poor starter motor pinion
y The starter motor run in reverse direction
y Poor battery
Intermittent power supply
y The connector of the charging system becomes
loose
y Poor connection of the battery cable
y Poor connection or short-circuit of the
discharging system
y Poor connection or short-circuit of the power
generation system
17-3
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17. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Battery
Removal
Remove the seat, and then you can see the
battery.
Disconnect the negative cable terminal first, then
the positive cable terminal.
Remove the battery clamp, and then remove
battery...
Clamp
Voltage Check
Use the digital voltmeter to check the voltage of
the battery.
Voltage:
Fully charged: 13.0~13.2 V at 20℃
Undercharged: Below 12.3 V at 20℃
Charging
Connect the positive terminal (+) of the charger to
the battery positive terminal (+).
Connect the negative terminal (-) of the charger to
the battery negative terminal (-).
Standard
Maximum
Charging current
1A
4.0A
Charging time
5H
1H
Warning
y Keep flames away while recharging.
y Charging is completely controlled by the
ON/OFF switch on the charger, not by
battery cables.
Caution
y Never rapid charge the battery unless in
emergency.
y Verify the battery is recharged with current
and duration prescribed above.
y Large current and fast time to charge will
render damage to the battery.
When installing the battery, coat the cable terminal
with grease.
17-4
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17. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Charging System
Charging circuit
Main switch
Green
Fuse 20A
Red
Black
Yellow
Yellow
Yellow
Battery
Regulator rectifier
AC. Generator
Current Leakage Inspection
Turn the main switch to OFF position, and remove
the negative cable terminal (-) from the battery.
Connect an ammeter between the negative cable
terminal and the battery negative terminal.
Battery negative terminal
Caution
y In the current leakage test, set the current
range at the largest scale, then gradually
decrease to the lower scale as the test
process goes to avoid possible damage to
the ammeter and the fuse.
y Do not turn the main switch to ON position
during test.
If the leaked current exceeds the specified value, it
may indicate a short circuit.
Allowable current leakage: Less than 1mA
Disconnect each cable one by one and take
measurement of the current of each cable to
locate the short circuit.
17-5
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17. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Inspection on Charging Voltage
Voltmeter
Ammeter
Connect a tachometer.
Turn on the headlight to high beam and start the
engine.
Accelerate the engine to the specified revolution
per minute and measure the charging voltage.
Specified Charging Current:
1.2 A / 6000 rpm
Control Charging Voltage:
14.5 + 0.5 V / 2000 rpm
Caution
Fuse connector
Caution
y Before conducting the inspection, be sure that
the battery is fully charged. If undercharged,
the current changes dramatically.
y Use a fully charged battery having a voltage
larger than 13.0 V
y While starting the engine, the starter motor
draws large amount of current from the
battery.
After the engine is warmed up, replace original
battery with a fully charged battery.
Connect a digital voltmeter to the battery
terminals.
Connect an ammeter between both ends of the
main fuse.
Caution
When the probe is reversibly connected, use a
voltmeter having an indication that the current
flows from the positive or the negative direction
and the measurement should be at zero,
ammeter at one direction only.
Caution
y Does not use short-circuit cable.
y It is possible to measure the current by
connecting an ammeter between the battery
positive terminal and the cable position
terminal, however, while the starter motor is
activated, the surge current the motor draws
from the battery may damage the ammeter.
Use the kick starter to start the engine.
y The main switch shall be turned to OFF
position during the process of inspection.
Never tamper with the ammeter and the cable
while there is current flowing through. It may
damage the ammeter.
17-6
To replace the old battery, use a new battery with
the same current and voltage.
The following problems are related to the charging
system; follow the instructions provided in the
checking list to correct it if any one of the problems
takes place.
(1) The charging voltage can not exceed the
voltage between two battery terminals and
the charging current is in the discharging
direction.
(2) The charging voltage and current are too
much higher than the standard values.
The following problems are not related to the
charging system; correct it if any by following
steps indicate in the checking list.
(1) The standard charging voltage and current
can only reach when the revolution of the
engine exceeds the specified rpm.
- Bulbs used exceed their rate and
consume too much power.
- The replacement battery is aged and
does not have enough capacity.
(2) The charging voltage is normal, but the
current is not.
- The replacement battery is aged and
does not have enough capacity.
- Battery used does not have enough
electricity or is over charged.
- The fuse of the ammeter is blown.
- The ammeter is improperly connected.
(3) The charging current is normal, but the
voltage is not.
- The fuse of the voltmeter is blown.
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17. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Inspection on regulator rectifier
Remove the seat, rear carrier and rear fender.
Disconnect two 3 pin couplers of the regulator
rectifier.
Inspection the rectifier coupler to the wire harness
passes the condition.
Item
Main switch
connection
Battery
connection
Charging coil
Check Points Standard Value
R–B
Battery voltage
(ON)
R–G
Battery voltage
Y–Y
0.17 ~ 0.8Ω
2 couplers
If the readings measured are not normal, check
parts in the circuit.
If the parts are normal, then trouble is in the wiring.
If there is nothing wrong with parts and wiring,
replace the regulator rectifier.
Regulator rectifier
17-7
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17. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Ignition System
Ignition circuit diagram
Shift gear control unit
B
R
G
W
Y
L
CDI. Unit
B/W
G
G/W
Black
Red
Green
White
Yellow
Blue
B/Y
G
W/B
Fuse 15A
Ignition
coil
B
L/Y
Main fuse
30A
Spark plug
Battery
Main switch
G
Pulse generator
C.D.I unit
Disconnect connectors of the C.D.I unit.
Check the following connectors as indicated in the table at the harness side.
Item
Main switch turn to “ON” position
Pulse generator
Primary circuit
Ignition coil
Points to check
Result
Black/white ~ green
Battery voltage
Green/White ~ Blue/yellow
50~170Ω
Black/yellow ~ green
0.17±10%Ω
Black/yellow ~ with no cap
3.6±10%Ω
Black/yellow ~ with cap
7.3~11KΩ
Secondary circuit
17-8
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17. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Inspection on Ignition Coil
Disengage the connector of the ignition coil and
the spark plug cap.
Measure the resistance between the terminals of
the primary winding.
Standard resistance: 0.17Ω ± 10%
Remove the cap from the spark plug and measure
the resistance between the spark plug and the
primary winding.
Standard resistance:
With no cap: 3.6Ω ± 10%
With cap:
7.3~11 KΩ
Ignition Coil Replacement
Ignition coil
Spark plug
Loosen the lock bolt and replace the ignition coil if
necessary.
Inspection of Pulse Generator
Pulse generator coupler
Disconnect the coupler of the pulse generator and
measure the resistance between the terminals of
green/white and blue/yellow.
Standard resistance: 50~170Ω
17-9
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17. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Starting System
Starting circuit diagram
Shift gear
control unit
Fuse 15A
W/B
B
R
BR/Y
Main switch
G/W
G
Main fuse
30A
G/R
Brake
switch
F
N
R
Battery
G/Y
Change switch
Y/B
B
R
G
W
Y
BR
Black
Red
Green
White
Yellow
Brown
Starter relay
Y/R
Starter motor
G
Starter switch
G/Y
Brake light
Inspection on starter relay
Open the main switch.
Press the brake.
Push down the starter switch.
If a sound of “Looh Looh” is heard, it indicates the
relay function normally.
Remove the seat.
Disconnect the negative cable terminal of the
battery.
Disconnect the cable positive terminal from the
relay.
Disconnect the positive cable of the starter motor.
Disconnect the coupler of the relay.
Connect an ohmmeter to the large terminal end.
Connect the yellow/red cable to the battery
positive terminal and the yellow/black cable to the
battery negative terminal.
Check the continuity of the large terminal end.
If there is no continuity, replace the relay.
17-10
Starter relay
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17. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Removal of Starter motor
Negative
Remove the seat.
Disconnect the cable negative terminal (-), then
the cable positive terminal (+).
Remove starter motor cable.
Loosen the lock bolts and remove the starter
motor.
2 Bolts
Installation of Starter motor
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
Starter motor cable
17-11
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17. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Meters
Removal
Loosen 4 bolts of the meter stay.
Each side 2 bolts
Remove the front center cover, and then remove
meter couplers and main switch coupler.
Remove speedometer cable.
Meter set couplers
Main switch coupler
Remove speedometer cable, and then remove
meter set, main switch and handle cover
Speedometer cable
Remove 4 nuts and meter wire, and then remove
speedometer and fuel meter.
17-12
4 nuts
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17. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Light / Bulb
Replacing Bulb for Headlight
Remove 4 screws for the headlight cover, and
remove the cover.
Adjustment screw
4 screws
Loosen headlight bulb setting plate screw.
1 screw
Remove bulb setting hook.
Take out the bulb connector and the bulb.
Replace with new bulb if necessary.
(H7 12V 55W)
Hook
1 screw
Caution
y Never touch the bulb with finger, which will
create a heat point.
y Clean the fingerprint left on the bulb with
alcohol.
Install the bulb of the headlight in reverse order of
removal.
Upon completion of replacement, turn on the main
switch to ensure the headlight works well.
Adjust the beam and distance of the headlight if
necessary.
17-13
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17. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Replacing the Front winker light Bulb
Front winker bulb
Pull out the front winker light bulb seat.
Replace with new front winker light bulb.
(12V 21W)
Position light bulb
Replacing Bulb of Position Light
Pull out the position light bulb seat.
Replace with new position light bulb.
(12V 5W)
17-14
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17. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Replacing Bulb of Taillight and Rear
Winker Light
Taillight bulb
Turn the taillight and rear winker light bulb
connectors by CCW.
Rear winker bulb
Replace with new taillight bulb.
(12V 5W/21W)
Replace with new rear winker light bulb.
(12V 21W)
Replacing Bulb of License Light
Taillight
Rear winker light
License light
Turn the license light bulb connectors by CCW.
Replace with new license light bulb.
17-15
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17. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Switch / Horn
Main Switch
Inspection
Remove the front center cover.
Disconnect the main switch coupler.
Check the continuity between two points as
indicted below:
Pin
Position
BAT1
BAT2
OFF
Main switch coupler
ON
Wire Color
Red
Black
Replacement of main switch
Disconnect the coupler of the main switch.
Push out the main switch.
Align the main switch stopper with the meter cover
groove, and install main switch.
Install the main switch coupler.
Headlight switch couplers
Handle switches
Disconnect the coupler of handle from front fender
left side.
Check the continuity between two points as
indicated in the table below.
Start switch
Start Switch
Pin
Position
ST
SG
Yellow
/ Red
Yellow
/ Black
FREE
Wire Color
17-16
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17. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Headlight Switch
Pin
Headlight switch
BAT3
Position
LO
HI
PL
Blue
Brown
●
Wire color
White
White
/ Black
Winker switch
Pin
Position
L
WR
R
Pink
Black
Brown /
White
N PUSH OFF
Wire color
Winker switch
Horn switch
Pin
Position
BAT3
HO
White/ Black
Light green
FREE
Wire Color
Horn switch
Hazard switch
Pin
Position
Hazard switch
HD
E
Green / Red
Green
●
Wire Color
17-17
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17. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Front Brake Switch
Brake light switch
While grasp the brake lever firmly, the terminals of
brown/blue and green/yellow of the brake should
have continuity.
Replace the switch if damaged.
Rear Brake Switch
While grasp the brake lever firmly, the terminals of
white/black and green/yellow of the brake should
have continuity.
Replace the switch if damaged.
Brake light switch
Horn
Remove the horn from front fender left side.
1 bolt
Apply 12 V power source to two terminals of the
horn, the horn should sound.
Replace the horn if necessary.
17-18
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17. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Fuel Unit
4 bolts
Remove the seat.
Remove the fuel tank cap.
Remove the fuel tank cover and front fender (refer
chapter 13).
Disconnect the coupler of the fuel unit.
Remove the fuel unit (4 bolts).
Caution
y Great care shall be taken not to damage or
bend the float arm of the gauge.
Fuel unit coupler
When the float arm shifts to the F position or the E
position, the resistance measured shall be as
follows:
Position
Resistance
E (Empty)
97.5~107.5 Ω
F (Full)
4~10 Ω
Full
Connect the wiring to the fuel unit and the
ohmmeter as shown.
Empty
Connect the fuel unit coupler to the wire harness.
Turn on the main switch.
Move the float arm to verify the proper position the
fuel gauge needle indicates.
Arm Position
Needle Position
Up (Full)
F (Full)
Down (Empty)
E (Empty)
Caution
While conducting the test, turn on the direction
indication lamp to make sure that the battery is in
serviceable condition.
17-19
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17. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Cooling Fan Thermo Switch
The thermo switch mounted on the radiator
controls the operation of the cooling fan motor.
In case that the fan motor fails to work, disconnect
the green and black/blue leads and connect jump
wires to the terminals, then, turn on the main
switch, the fan motor should operate.
If the fan motor still fails to run, measure battery
voltage between the green and black/blue leads.
If there is no voltage, check for blown fuse, loose
connection or short-circuit.
If the fan motor runs, check the thermo switch in
the manner as described below:
Hang the thermo switch on the bowl filled with
coolant to check the switch’s opening and closing
temperatures, confirm the switch is open circuited
at room temperature, increase the coolant
temperature gradually. The switch should have
continuity at 98±3℃.
Thermo switch
Caution
y Keep the coolant at a constant temperature at
least for three minutes. Sudden increase the
coolant temperature will cause the
thermometer and the tester to indicate wrong
readings.
y Never let the thermometer and the thermo
switch contact the wall of the bowl, which may
result in wrong readings.
y The thermo switch shall be placed in the
coolant until the teeth are completely
submerged.
17-20
Thermometer
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17. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Thermo unit
Thermo unit
Remove the thermo unit.
Hang the thermo unit in an oil heater, heat the oil
and measure the resistance at each temperature.
Temperature
50°C
80°C
100°C
120°C
Standard (Ω) 134~149 47.5~57.0 26~29 14.8~17.2
Caution
y Wear gloves and goggles when performing
this test.
Caution
y Engine oil should be used as a heating
medium as the test temperature must be
higher than 100℃.
y Contacting the container wall by the
thermometer and the thermo unit may result in
wrong readings.
Thermo unit
Water Temperature Indicator Light
Disconnect the water temperature meter and
connect it to engine ground.
Turn on the main switch.
The indicator light of the fuel meter should be
lighting.
17-21
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17. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Notes:
17-22
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Contents
18. ELECTRICAL DIAGRAM
QUAD LANDER 250 ELECTRICAL DIAGRAM
18-1
18
Home page
18. ELECTRICAL DIAGRAM
Notes:
18-2
Contents