M4.15 M4.17
Operation manual
ii
M4.15
M4.17
Operation manual
Serial numbers
Engine serial number Vetus:
Mitsubishi:
Gearbox serial number:
340202.03
Please enter the serial numbers here.
These numbers should be quoted when inquiring about Customer
Service, Repairs or Spare Parts (see page 6).
We reserve the right to make any changes without previous
notice.
Copyright © 2011 Vetus N.V. Schiedam Holland
1
Please read and observe the information given in this operation
manual. This will enable you to avoid accidents, preserve the
manufacturer’s warranty and maintain the engine in peak operating condition.
pliance with the conditions laid down by the manufacturer for
operation, maintenance and servicing. The engine should only
be operated, maintained and serviced by persons which are
familiar with the former and the hazards involved.
For the Guarantee Conditions, see the Vetus Diesel Service and
Warrantee Manual.
The relevant accident prevention guidelines and other generally accepted safety and industrial hygiene regulations must be
observed.
This engine has been built exclusively for the application specified in the scope of supply and is to be used only for the intended
purpose. Any use exceeding that scope is considered to be
contrary to the intended purpose. The manufacturer will not not
assume responsibility for any damage resulting therefrom. The
risks involved are to be borne by the user.
Use in accordance with the intended purpose also implies com-
2
Unauthorized engine modifications will invalidate any liability
claims against the manufacturer for resultant damage.
Manipulations of the injection and regulating system may also
influence the performance of the engine, and its emissions.
Adherence to legislation on pollution cannot be guaranteed
under such conditions.
Contents
Serial numbers1
1Introduction4
5 Maintenance
Checking the oil level
23
Checking the coolant level
24
Checking and cleaning the
raw water strainer
2 Engine description
General
Identification of engine parts
Control panels
Cleaning the heat exchanger
44
Checking engine rpm
47
6 Winter lay-up
25
Winter storage procedure
48
6
Draining water from the water
8
separator/fuel filter
26
(Bleeding)
26
Changing the oil
28
7 Troubleshooting54
30
8 Technical Data60
10
Recommissioning after winter
storage
51
Battery, cables and cable
3Use
11
connections
First commissioning
12
Checking the gearbox oil level 32
Running-in
15
Changing the gearbox oil
33
Starting
16
Checking valve clearance
34
Lubrication Oil
63
(Pre-heating)
17
Replacing the fuel filter
36
Fuel
64
Cruising
19
Cleaning fuel lift pump 37
Coolant
65
Stopping
20
Checking the V-belt
38
General guidelines
Checking flexible engine mounts39
Checking hose connections
39
21
Checking fastenings
39
22
Checking the raw water pump 40
4 Routine maintenance
Introduction
Maintenance schedule
Coolant replacement
9 Operating media
10 Wiring Diagrams66
1
1 Overall Dimensions68
42
3
Introduction
Dear customer,
Vetus diesel engines are designed both for pleasure and commercial craft. Consequently, a wide range of variants are offered
to meet the requirements of specific cases.
Your engine is appropriately equipped for your vessel, which
means that not necessarily all components described in this
manual are mounted to your engine.
We have endeavoured to highlight any differences so that you
will able to locate the operating and maintenance instructions
relevant to your engine quickly and easily.
Please read this manual before starting your engine and always
observe the operating and maintenance instructions.
We are available to help with any additional inquiries.
Sincerely,
Vetus n.v.
4
Introduction
Safety measures
All safety instructions in this manual are designated by the accompanying symbol. Please follow
them carefully.
• Never attempt to touch moving parts when the engine is running.
• Never touch hot parts of the engine, and keep flammable
materials well away from the engine.
Pass the safety instructions to other persons operating the
engine as well.
General regulations and laws for safety and accident prevention
must also be observed.
• Always stop the engine before checking or adjusting components.
• Always stop the engine before checking or topping up the
coolant or oil.
• Never open cap on top of header tank when the engine is at
operating temperature.
• Always carry out maintenance safely by only using tools well
matched in size.
5
Engine description
VD01077
General
VD01048
VD01049
Engine data tag
Engine data tag location
Engine serial number
The Vetus engine serial number and performance data are printed on the engine
data tag.
The Vetus engine data tag is attached to
the valve cover.
The Mitsubishi engine serial number is
stamped on the fuel injection pump.
Model and engine serial number must be
given when ordering spare parts.
6
Engine description
General
Lead seal
VD00147
Maximum
rpm adjustment screw
VD00145
Cylinder numbering
Fuel pump seal
Cylinders are numbered consecutively,
beginning at the front end.
The manufacturer shall not be held liable
for damages resulting from adjustments
made to the fuel injection pump.
The maximum engine speed adjustment
screw has been sealed to prevent this.
Adjustments to the fuel pump
are to be carried out by authorized Vetus-Mitsubishi Service
specialists only.
7
Engine description
Identification of engine parts
Service side
1 Oil filler cap
2 Fuel pump air bleed nipple
3Fuel supply pipe connection ø 8 mm
4 Fuel lift pump
5 Oil dipstick
6 Oil filter
7Water separator/fuel filter drain plug
8 Water separator/Fuel filter
9 Gearbox filler cap
10 Gearbox oil dipstick
11 Electrical system connectoion box
12 Fuse
13 Fuel return pipe connection ø 8 mm
14 Water separator/fuel filter air bleed
nipple
15 Air inlet silencer
16 Manual operation of electric stop
17 Connection for throttle push-pull
cable
18 Cooling system air bleed nipple /
Connection for extra expansion
tank (Keel cooling model only)
19 Calorifier connection
20 Gearbox drain plug
21 Gearbox
VD01050
8
Identification of engine parts
Starter side
Engine description
22 Starter motor
23 Raw water inlet ø 20 mm
24 Raw water pump
25 V-belt
26 Alternator
27 Filler cap for cooling system
28 Expansion tank
29 Heat exchanger
30 Cooling system drain plug
31 Airvent connection
32 Exhaust injection bend ø 50 mm
33 Connection for gearbox push-pull
cable
VD01051
9
Engine description
1
Control panels
2
5
4
5
6
7
8
9
4
6
8
3
3
VD00576
VD00575
Basic panel (model 22)
Fly-bridge panel (excl. voltmeter, model 21)
Sailingboat panel (model 10)
1 Tachometer/Operating hours counter
2Voltmeter
3 Starter pre-heat switch/lock
4 Warning light high raw water temperature
5 Warning light low oil pressure
10
7
6
7
8
9
Warning light high coolant temperature
Warning light battery charging
Indicator light pre-heating
Warning light gearbox low oil pressure *
*) This is an option, not fitted as standard.
Use
General guidelines
General guidelines for use
Implementing the following recommendations will result in longer
life and better performance and more economical operation of
your engine.
• Carry out the maintenance described regularly, including the
‘Daily procedures before starting’.
• Use anti-freeze in the engine coolant all year long, this helps
prevent corrosion as well as protecting against frost damage.
For specifications see page 65.
• Never run the engine without a thermostat.
• Use a good quality lubricating oil. For specifications see page
63.
• Use a good quality diesel fuel that is free of water and other
pollutants.
• Always stop the engine immediately if one of the warning
lamps for oil pressure, high coolant temperature, high raw
water temperature or battery charging lights up.
11
Use
Engine Oil
First commissioning
OIL
OIL
5 litres (1 UKgal) 15W40
API: CD, CE or CF4
ACEA: A3/B3, A3/B4
For example:
- Vetus Marine Diesel Engine Oil
15W-40
- Shell Nautilus Premium Inboard Oil
15W-40
VD01052
Commissioning the engine
Filling with engine oil
Before starting the engine for the first time,
the following procedures must be carried
out:
As a rule engines are delivered empty of
oil.
Fill the engine with oil through the filler
neck on top of the valve cover, for quantity
and specification see page 63.
Check the oil level with the dipstick, see
page 23.
12
VD01053
A second oil filling cap is located at the
front of the engine on starboard side.
Use
First commissioning
Vetus engines are normally equipped
with Technodrive or ZF-Hurth gearboxes.
OIL
OIL
In case your engine is equipped with
another brand of gearbox follow the
instructions given in the supplied owners manual.
VD01034
Filling gearbox with oil
Fill the gearbox with oil.
Check the oil level with the dipstick, see
page 32.
17
Technodrive:
type TMC40
:0.20 litres Engine oil
SAE 20/30
type TMC40 M/P:0.20 litres, ATF*)
(0.35 UK pt, 0.4 US pt)
type TMC60
:0,80 liter, Engine oil
SAE 20/30
type TMC60 E/P :0,80 liter, ATF*)
(1.4 UK pt, 1.7 US pt)
type TM345 A / H:1.6 litres, Engine oil
SAE 20W40-CD
(2.8 UK pt, 3.4 US pt)
*) ATF: Automatic Trans­mission Fluid type
A, Suffix A.
VD01054
27
ZF Hurth:
type ZF10M
:0.35 litres ATF*)
(0.6 UK pt, 0.74 US pt)
type ZF12
:1.1 litres ATF*)
(1.9 UK pt, 2.3 US pt)
type ZF15MA
:0.56 litres ATF*)
(1 UK pt, 1.2 US pt)
type ZF15V
:1.0 litres ATF*)
(1.8 UK pt, 2.1 US pt)
*) ATF: Automatic Trans­mission Fluid type
A, Suffix A.
13
Use
First commissioning
Coolant
quantity
:
6.5 litres (1.4 UKgal)
Water
If a water heater is connected to the
engine and this heater is positioned
above the upper side of the engine
then bleeding of the heater will not
take place automatically! Fill the heater
separately to bleed the cooling system
completely.
(3/8”)
VD01055
VD00144
heater
VD01056
13
Filling the cooling system
Remove the cap of the filler neck on the
top of the heat exchanger housing.
Remove the bolt from the upper side of the
thermostat cover, so that air can escape
from the cooling system.
Fill the cooling system.
Use a mixture of 40% antifreeze (ethyleneglycol based) and 60% tap water or use a
special coolant.
For specifications see page 65.
14
The level of the coolant must be approx.
1 cm (3/8”) below the lower edge of the
filler neck.
Bleeding will take place automatically during filling!
Replace the filler cap.
After the engine has run for the first time
and has reached operating temperature
and has cooled down again to ambient
temperature, check the coolant level in the
heat exchanger housing.
If necessary, add coolant.
Never fill the cooling system
with sea water or brackish
water.
First commissioning
Running-in
FUEL
Use
Never fill the fuel tank while
the engine is running. Do not
spill fuel. Prevent unnecessary pollution.
VD00002
Fuel
Other preparations
Running-in
Ensure that the fuel tank is filled with diesel
fuel.
Use only clean, water-free, commercial
approved diesel fuel.
For fuel grade see page 64.
Bleed the fuel system, see page 26.
• Check battery and cable connections.
In order to ensure a long life for your
engine, please observe the following for
the first 50 operating hours:
• Start the engine, see page 16, and let it
run for about 10 minutes without load.
Check the engine and all connections
(fuel, cooling water and exhaust) for
leaks.
• Allow the engine to reach operating
temperature before applying a load.
• Avoid fast acceleration.
• Do not allow the engine to run faster
than 3/4 of maximum RPM.
15
Use
Before starting,
ing points:
•
•
•
•
•
Starting
always
check the follow-
Engine oil level.
Coolant level.
Sea cock open.
Main switch ‘on’.
Gearbox in ‘neutral’ position.
neutral
gearbox
reverse
gearbox
forward
forward
throttle
reverse
throttle
VD00111
VD00112
After repair work:
Preparation starting
Check that all guards have been replaced
and that all tools have been removed from
the engine.
When starting with pre-heating, do not use
any other substance (e.g. injection with
‘Easy Start’). Doing so could result in an
accident.
Before starting the engine, always check
that the control lever(s) is (are) in the neutral position.
Never start the engine with
the fuel injection pump
removed.
Disconnect battery.
16
half throttle,
gearbox not engaged
Set the control lever to ‘half throttle’ without engaging the gearbox.
Use
Starting
Ambient
Pre-heating time
Temperature
Above + 5°C (41°F) about 6 seconds
+5°C to -5°C
(+41°F to +23°F)
about 12 seconds
Below -5°C (23°F)
about 18 seconds
Maximum
1 minute
pre-heating time
VD00107
VD00108
Pre-heating
Turn the start key on the instrument panel
clock-wise; the warning lights for oil pressure and alternator will now light up and
the alarm buzzer will sound.
Turn the key further clockwise to the ­‘
position; only the pre-heating indicator light will be lit now.
Pre-heating time
’
Hold the key in this position for about 6
seconds.
The ideal pre-heating time depends on
ambient temperature; the lower the ambient temperature, the longer the pre-heating time required. See table.
Warning
To prevent the glow plugs from
burning out, never exceed the
stated maximum pre-heating
time.
17
Use
Starting
VD00109
Warning
Warning
Release the key if the engine does
not fire within 10 seconds. Wait until
the starter motor has stopped running
completely before turning the key to
the ‘start’ position again. Never allow
the starter motor to run for more than
30 seconds consecutively.
Never turn the key to the ‘start’ position while the engine is running.
Doing so will damage the starter
motor.
Check that the indicator lights for oil pressure and alternator are off. Cooling water
should now flow out of the exhaust; if this
is not the case, stop the engine immediately. Before submitting the engine to full
load it should be brought up to operating
temperature as quickly as possible by
running at 3/4 of maximum revs. never
turn the main switch off while the engine
is running.
The instrument panel is provided with the
following instruments (Depending of the
type of panel, see page 10).
VD00110
Starting
Now turn the key further to the ‘start’
position.
Release the key as soon as the engine
fires (the key will return to the ‘on’ position) and throttle back.
Leave the key in this position while the
engine is running.
18
Use
Cruising
VD00577
VD00578
Tachometer
Voltmeter
Warning lights
Indicating the number of revolutions per
minute of the engine.
Avoid idling for more than 10 minutes.
Also the number of running hours is indicated.
Indicating the battery voltage.
When the engine is running, the battery
voltage should be between 12 and 14
Volts.
With the engine stopped and the start key
in the first position, the voltmeter should
indicate 12 Volts.
None of the five warning lights should light
up while the engine is running. Oil pressure, battery charging and temperature
indicator lights are all connected to an
alarm buzzer. If this alarm buzzer sounds
while running, Stop the engine immediately!
Idling speed,
M4.15: 840 rpm
M4.17: 840 rpm
19
Use
VD00105
Stopping
VD00106
Electrical shutdown
Mechanical shutdown
Reduce engine speed to idle and shift the
gearbox to ‘Neutral’. Turn the key entirely
to the left, through the ‘Off’ position.
When the engine has stopped, turn the
key to the ‘Off’ position.
Never stop the engine immediately after
it has been in operation for a long time.
Allow the engine to idle for a few minutes
before stopping.
If the engine is not to be used for some
time, it is recommended that the sea cock
is closed and the battery main switch
turned off.
20
VD01057
On the engine itself stopping is possible
by pressing the black button on the fuel
injection pump.
If the fuel supply is not shut off by the electrically operated fuel solenoid stopping of
the engine can be done this way.
Routine Maintenance
Introduction
Introduction
The following guidelines should be observed for daily and periodic maintenance. Perform each function at the indicated time
interval.
The intervals stated are for normal operational conditions. Service
the unit more frequently under severe conditions.
Failure to carry out maintenance can result in faults and permanent damage to the engine.
No claim can be made on the Guarantee if maintenance has been
neglected.
21
Routine Maintenance
Maintenance schedule
Every 10 hours or daily, before starting
Every 500 hours, at least once every year
Check engine oil level
23
Gearbox oil change
33
Check coolant level
24
Check valve clearance
34
Check water strainer
25
Replace fuel filter
36
Cleaning fuel lift pump
37
Check V-belt
38
After the first 50 hours
Drain water from fuel filter
26
Check flexible engine mounts
39
Engine oil change
28
Check engine for leaks
39
Replace oil filter
28
Check tightness of all fasteners, bolts and nuts
39
Gearbox oil change
33
Replace fuel filter
36
Every 1000 hours, at least once every 2 years
Check idle rpm
47
Raw water pump inspection
40
Replace coolant
42
Every 100 hours, at least once every year
Drain water from fuel filter
26
When required
Engine oil change
28
Bleeding fuel system
26
Replace oil filter
28
Cleaning heat exchanger
44
Battery, cables and cable connections
30
Check idle rpm
47
Check gearbox oil level
32
Stop the engine before carrying out any maintenance
work.
22
Maintenance
Checking engine oil level
Daily, before starting.
VD01058
VD00126
VD01052
Check oil level
Oil level
Topping up oil
Turn the engine off.
The dipstick is located on the starboard
side of the engine.
The oil level must be at or near the upper
mark on the dipstick*. If necessary top up
with the same brand and type of oil.
The oil filling cap is on top of the the valve
cover.
A second oil filling cap is located at the
front of the engine on starboard side, see
page 12.
*) The difference between the two oil level
marks is: 1.9 litres (3 1/4 UKpt)
23
Maintenance
Checking coolant level
Daily, before starting.
VD01059
(3/8”)
VD00144
13
VD01056
Checking coolant level
Check the coolant level in the header tank.
This has to be checked when the engine
is cold.
Remove the cap of the filler neck on the
heat exchanger.
The level of the coolant must be approx.
1 cm (3/8”) below the lower edge of the
filler neck.
24
VD01055
Topping up coolant
If necessary, top up.
When topping up coolant, remove the
bolt from the upper side of the thermostat
cover, so that air can escape from the
cooling system.
Warning
Never open the cap on the
header tank when the engine is
at operating temperature.
The internal cooling system can be filled
with a mixture of anti-freeze (40 %) and tap
water (60 %) or with a special coolant. For
specification, see page 65.
Never fill the cooling system with
sea water or brackish water.
Checking and cleaning the raw water strainer
Daily, before starting.
VD00125
Maintenance
CT30119
Checking the raw water strainer
Cleaning the strainer
Check daily whether there is any dirt in the
raw water strainer.
Close the seacock before removing the lid
of the water strainer.
Clean the raw water strainer as often as is
necessary, depending on the pollution of
the waterways, but at least once every 6
months. A clogged raw water strainer will
result in excessive temperatures or overheating of the engine coolant.
Check the sealing between the lid and
housing after cleaning and re-assembling
the strainer. An improperly sealed lid will
result in air sucked in by the sea water
pump which again will result in overheating of the engine.
25
Maintenance
VD01060
Draining of water from the water separator/fuel filter
Every 100 operating hours.
VD00027
VD00107
Empty fuel filter
Empty water separator
Bleeding
• Open the drain plug at the lower side of
the filter.
• Drain the water and close the drain
plug.
Empty the separately installed water separator/fuel filter:
• Open the drain plug at the lower side of
the filter.
• Drain the water and close the drain
plug.
After the water separator/fuel filter has
been drained, the air has to be bled from
the fuel system.
The fuel system is self-bleeding.
Note : The water separator is not within
the scope of supply but installation is
required!
26
Turn the key of the starter switch to position ‘ON’ and the fuel lift pump will feed the
fuel system.
Maintenance
Draining of water from the water separator/fuel filter
Every 100 operating hours.
VD01061
13
VD01062
12
21
VD00109
Start the engine
Open the two bleeding nipples to speed
up the bleeding process.
A second bleeding nipple is located at the
fuel injection pump.
One (1) bleeding nipple is located at the
filter.
Close the bleeding nipples when all air
has escaped.
Operate the starter switch until the engine
fires; release the starter switch if the engine
does not fire within 20 seconds. Wait until
the starter motor has stopped before making a new attempt to start the engine.
Repeat the above if the engine cuts out
after a short time.
27
Maintenance
Engine oil change
Every 100 operating hours.
Engine oil change
Change the engine oil every 100 hours of
operation (together with engine oil filter
replacement).
If the engine runs less than 100 hours during the year the oil should be changed at
least once a year.
Run the engine for a few minutes before
changing the oil; warm oil can be pumped
out more easily.
VD01063
Change the oil with a switched off engine
at operation temperature. (Lube oil temperature approx. 80°C (176°F).)
Be aware of the risk of skin
burning during draining the
hot oil! Used oil must be collected in a container for proper disposal according to laws
and regulations.
28
VD01064
Draining the oil
Removing the oil filter
Remove the dipstick; insert the suction
hose of the supplied sump pump in the
dipstick tube.
Push down the pump handle quickly and
pull it up slowly.
Unscrew the oil filter, with a commercially
available tool, when all the oil has been
pumped out.
Catch any dripping oil.
Beware of burns from hot oil.
Maintenance
Engine oil change
Every 100 operating hours.
Oil
filter, art.code:
Amount of oil:
5.6 litres (1.25 UKgal)
(oil filter incl.)
STM0051
VD00124
VD01065
VD01052
Oiling the oil seal
Oil filter installation
Refilling with oil
Clean the contact surface of the gasket.
Lubricate the oil seal of the new filter element with clean engine oil.
Install the filter in accordance with the
instructions printed on the filter element
housing.
Refill the engine with new oil (for specification see page 63) through the filler opening in the valve cover.
Operate the engine at idling speed for a
short period of time. Check for oil leaks
whilst the engine is running.
Stop the engine. Allow 5 minutes for the oil
to return to the sump. Check the oil level
with the dipstick.
29
Maintenance
Battery, cables and connections
Every 100 operating hours.
Vetus maintenance-free batteries
VD00117
VD00118
Green
Dot
VD00121
All Dark
VD00122
clear
VD00123
Battery, battery connections
Checking specific gravity
Hydrometer operation
Keep battery clean and dry.
Remove battery cables (negative first).
Clean battery posts (+ and -) and clamps
and grease with acid-free and acid-resistant grease.
Ensure that clamps make good contact
after reassembling. Hand tighten the bolts
only.
Every Vetus Maintenance-free battery has
a hydrometer (1) built into the cover.
Visual inspection of the hydrometer will
show one of three conditions:
• Green dot visible - State of charge 65 %
or more.
• Dark- State of charge less than
65 %. Recharge immediately.
• Clear or light yellow - Electrolyte level
low.
In case of low level, caused by overcharging the battery for a long period
of time with a voltage too high, replace
battery. Check alternator and/or voltage
regulator.
30
Maintenance
Battery, cables and connections
Every 100 operating hours.
Conventional batteries
Conventional batteries
Specific
gravity
State of
charge
1.280
100%
1.200
50% recharge
1.120
10% recharge
immediately
VD00119
VD00120
Checking electrolyte level
Checking specific gravity
For conventional batteries it is required
to check the electrolyte level regularly.
Remove vent caps (taking care no spark
or open flame is nearby) and inspect the
level. Fluid should be 10 to 15 mm (3/8” to
5/8”) above top of all plates. If necessary
top up with distilled water. Replace vent
caps and charge the battery for 15 minutes at 15 - 25 Amps to mix electrolyte.
Measure the electrolyte specific gravity
of the individual cells with a commercial hydrometer. The hydrometer reading
(see table) indicates the state of charge.
Hydrometer reading of all cells should be
at least 1.200 and show less than 0.050
between high and low. If not, recharge or
replace battery. During checking the temperature of the electrolyte should preferably be 20°C (68°F).
The gases emitted by the
battery are explosive! Keep
sparks and naked flames
away from the battery!
Do not allow battery acid to come into
contact with skin or clothing!
Wear protective goggles!
Do not rest tools on the battery!
31
Maintenance
VD01038
Gearbox oil level check
Every 100 operating hours.
17
VD01066
27
Oil level check (ZF-Hurth)
Oil level check (Technodrive)
Unscrew the dipstick out of the gearbox
housing.
The oil level must between the two marks
on the dipstick
If necessary top up.
The fillercap is on top of the gearbox
housing. For oil type and specification see
page 63.
Check the oil level by cleaning the dipstick and lowering it into the hole, without
screwing it in. The oil level should be
between the end and the notch in the
dipstick.
If necessary top up by pouring oil in the
dipstick hole. For oil type and specification
see page 63.
32
Vetus engines are normally equipped
with ZF-Hurth or Technodrive gearboxes. Consult the supplied Owners Manual
for more details about care and maintenance. In case your engine is equipped
with another brand of gearbox follow the
instructions given in the supplied owners
manual for changing oil and other care
and maintenance.
Maintenance
Changing the gearbox oil
Every 500 operating hours.
VD01043
VD01042
Draining the oil
Drain the oil with the aid of a separate
sump pump.
Remove the dipstick (ZF-Hurth, 17) or
27).
remove the dipstick (Technodrive,
Insert the suction hose of the sump pump
in the dipstick hole. Push down the pump
handle quickly and pull it up slowly.
Remove the sump pump when all the old
oil has been pumped out.
VD01034
Filling with new oil
Or, if sufficient space below the gearbox is
available, oil can be drained by removing
the drain plug.
17
Drain plug: ZF-Hurth Technodrive
14
Collect the oil in a dripping pan.
Refill the gearbox to the correct level via
the dipstick opening (ZF-Hurth,
17) or
via the filling hole (Techno­drive,
27).
For oil specification see page 63.
In case your engine is equipped with
another brand of gearbox follow the
instructions given in the supplied owners
manual for changing oil and other care
and maintenance.
33
Maintenance
Checking valve clearance
Every 500 operating hours.
Mark on
TDC mark
cylinder 1 and 4 gearcase
Injection
timing
mark
TDC mark
cylinder 2 and 3
VD01067
12
VD00130
27
Checking / adjusting valve clearance
Remove rocker cover
Locating TDC
Checking the valve clearance must be
done with a cold engine, that is an engine
which did not run for at least 6 hours.
Remove the 5 bolts of the rocker cover.
Complete the following steps:
Locate the Top Dead Center (TDC), at the
end of the compression stroke, for cylinder 1 by barring the engine slowly until the
TDC marks of the engine block and the
crank pulley match.
Note: There are two TDC’s e.g. compression and suction. At the TDC at the end
of the compression stroke the rocker arm
34
does not move when the crank pulley is
rotated a little.
Maintenance
Checking valve clearance
Every 500 operating hours.
Valve
VD01068
clearance:Inlet
0.25 mm (0.010”)
Exhaust 0.25 mm (0.010”)
12
1.2 x 6.5
VD00146
Adjusting valve clearance
Cylinder numbering
• Check valve clearance at cylinder 1 and
adjust if necessary.
• Rotate the crankshaft 180° clockwise
and check valve clearance at cylinder 3.
• Again rotate the crankshaft 180° and
check valve clearance at cylinder 4.
• Finally again rotate the crankshaft 180°
and check valve clearance at cylinder 2.
Cylinders are numbered consecutively,
beginning at the front end.
35
Maintenance
Fuel filter replacement
Every 500 operating hours.
Fuel
filter, art.code:
STM3690
VD00154
VD01017
Fuel filter removal
Fuel filter installation
The fuel filter is to be replaced as a unit.
• Close the fuel stopcock.
• Clean any debris from the filter carrier
rim.
• Remove the fuel filter, use a filter wrench.
Catch any fuel.
• Lubricate the rubber gasket sparingly
with clean engine oil.
Keep naked flames away when
working on the fuel system. Do
not smoke!
36
• Fill the new filter with clean diesel fuel.
VD00133
• Install the filter. When the rubber gasket
touches the housing, apply another
tightening of a half to three quarters of
a turn by hand.
Maintenance
Cleaning fuel lift pump
Every 500 operating hours.
Fuel
filter
,
art.code:
STM4050
Fuel filter
STM7220
VD00109
Fuel lift pump
Bleeding
Start the engine
• Check, and if necessary clean, filter
inside the fuel lift pump.
After replacing the fuel filter and cleaning
the pilot filter inside the fuel lift pump the
air has to be bled from the fuel system.
Operate the starter switch until the engine
fires; release the starter switch if the engine
does not fire within 20 seconds. Wait until
the starter motor has stopped before making a new attempt to start the engine.
• Open the fuel stop cock.
For bleeding see page 26.
• Check for leakage.
Repeat the above if the engine cuts out
after a short time.
37
Maintenance
V-belt,
art.code:
Checking the V-belt
Every 500 operating hours.
STM7966
VD00034
VD00128
VD00129
12
14
Inspection V-belt
Checking tension
Tensioning V-belt
Inspect the belt for wear and tear (fraying
and cracking). Belts which are in poor
condition should be replaced.
Check tension of the V-belt by applying
moderate finger and thumb pressure. If
the deflection of the belt is more than
12 mm (1/2”), using about 10 kg (20 lbs)
thumb pressure, it should be tensioned.
Loosen the bolt of the adjustment bracket
and both the alternator mounting bolts.
Now push the alternator outwards until the
belt tension is correct.
Now first re-tighten the upper mounting
bolt of the alternator.
Then re-tighten the bolt of the adjustment
bracket and the lower mounting bolt.
Check, tension and change belts only
with the engine off. Refit belt guard, if
provided.
38
Flexible engine mounts, hose connections and fasteners
Every 500 operating hours.
VD00160
Maintenance
VD01069
Check flexible engine mounts
Inspection hose connections
Check fasteners
Check the bolts which secure the damper
element, the mounting bolts to engine bed
and the nuts at the adjustment spindle for
tightness.
Inspect the rubber element of the engine
support for cracks. Also check the deflection of the damper element, the deflection
influences the alignment of engine and
propshaft! Re-align engine in case of
doubt.
Inspect all hose connections of the coolingsystem. (Cracked hoses, loose hose
clamps)
Check tightness of all fasteners, bolts and
nuts.
39
Maintenance
Raw water pump inspection
Every 1000 operating hours.
VD01070
1.6 x 6.3
VD01071
VD01031
Raw water pump inspection
Pump cover removal
Impeller removal
The rubber impeller of the outboard water
pump is not proof against running dry.
If the water supply has been blocked, it
may be necessary to replace the impeller.
Always carry a spare impeller on board.
Inspection where appropriate changing is
as follows:
• Slide the impeller off of the shaft using
a waterpump plier.
• Close the sea cock.
• Mark the impeller to ensure correct
re-installation if it is to be re-used. The
impeller must be installed in the same
position as removed.
• Remove the cover of the pump by
unscrewing the screws out of the housing.
40
Maintenance
Raw water pump inspection
Every 1000 operating hours.
Impeller,
art.code:
STM8061
VD00127
Gasket,
VD00004
art.code:
STM8002
VD00159
Impeller inspection
Re-install the impeller
Replacing the pump cover
• Inspect the impeller for damage.
• The impeller should be lubricated with
glycerin or a non-petroleum based lubricant such as a silicone spray before fitting it into the impeller housing.
• Replace the cover with a new gasket.
• Replace the impeller if necessary.
• Check the water filter and open the sea
cock.
• Fit the impeller to the pump shaft. (if an
existing impeller is re-used, install it in
the same position as removed).
41
Maintenance
Coolant replacement
Every 1000 operating hours.
Coolant replacement
The coolant has to be replaced every
1000 operating hours or at least once
every two years.
1
N.B. Replacing the coolant may also
be necessary as part of the winter storage procedure; in case that the coolant
present in the cooling system offers insufficient protection for the winter.
VD01072
2
14
Draining of coolant
Be aware of the risk of skin
burning during draining the hot
coolant! Used coolant must be
collected in a container for
proper disposal according to
laws and regulations.
42
Remove the drain plugs from the engine
block (1) and heat exchanger (2). Remove
the filler cap to vent the cooling system
and check that all the coolant has been
drained. After draining replace the drain
plugs.
VD01073
13
Maintenance
Coolant replacement
Every 1000 operating hours.
Coolant
quantity
:
Water
6.5 litres (1.4 UKgal)
heater
If a water heater is connected to the
engine and this heater is positioned
above the upper side of the engine
than bleeding of the heater will not
take place automatically! Fill the heater
separately to bleed the cooling system
completely.
(3/8”)
VD01055
VD00144
VD01056
13
Filling the cooling system
Remove the cap of the filler neck on the
top of the heat exchanger housing.
Remove the bolt from the upper side of the
thermostat cover, so that air can escape
from the cooling system.
Fill the cooling system.
Use a mixture of 40% antifreeze (ethyleneglycol based) and 60% tap water or use a
special coolant.
For specifications see page 65.
The level of the coolant must be approx.
1 cm (3/8”) below the lower edge of the
filler neck.
Bleeding will take place automatically during filling!
Replace the filler cap.
After the engine has run for the first time
and has reached operating temperature
and has cooled down again to ambient
temperature, check the coolant level in the
heat exchanger housing.
If necessary, add coolant.
Never fill the cooling system
with sea water or brackish
water.
43
Maintenance
VD01073
Cleaning the heat exchanger
13
VD01059
Remove the drain plug
• Close the seacock and detach the
water inlet hose from the sea water
pump.
• Drain the coolant: To do this, remove
the drain plug from the heat exchanger
housing.
44
VD01076
6
Removal of bolts out of the end covers
• Remove the filler cap from the top of the
heat exchanger housing to allow air into
the system and check that all coolant
has drained off.
Take out both central bolts from the end
covers and take the end covers with the
O-rings out of the housing.
Maintenance
Cleaning the heat exchanger
VD01075
6
VD01021
STM7217
Remove heat exchanger
Cleaning the heat exchanger
Slide the heat exchanger out of the housing.
Clean the heat exchanger: Use a pipe
cleaner to remove fouling in the pipes.
Then rinse the heat exchanger pipes with
clean water.
Ensure that both heat exchanger end
chambers are free from dirt.
45
Maintenance
Cleaning the heat exchanger
O-ring,
VD00157
art.code:
STM6113 (2 x)
VD00143
Replacing heat exchanger
Replacing the end covers
Replace the heat exchanger in the original
position in the heat exchanger housing.
Use new O-rings (61 x 2.5 mm) which
have been greased.
Fit the end covers in the housing; the connector cover is fitted with a locating pin
so that it can be fitted in one way only in
relation to the heat exchanger.
This ensures the correct position of the
separator baffle in the connector cover in
relation to the heat exchanger.
Tighten up the bolts when both covers are
in the correct position.
• Refit the drain plug.
• Reconnect all hoses previously
removed.
• Refill the cooling system, see page 43.
46
Maintenance
Checking engine speed
Warning
Increasing RPM
The maximum engine speed adjustment screw has been correctly set
at the factory and sealed. DO NOT
attempt to remove this seal.
Minimum
speed adjustment screw
Lead seal
VD00134
At full load (with the boat cruising) the
maximum engine speed should be about
3,200 RPM (see technical data page 60). If
the engine does not reach this speed, it is
being overloaded!
If this is the case, check the ship’s propeller for defects or irregularities, and
also to see that it is the correct pitch and
diameter.
Maximum
speed adjustment screw
VD00145
10
Checking engine speed
Adjusting engine idling speed
The engine idling speed should be 840
rpm.
Allow the engine to warm up normally
(until the coolant temperature reaches at
least 60°C (140°F).) before checking and/
or adjusting the idling speed.
Check the engine RPM using a rev. counter, or use the rev. counter fitted to the
control panel.
If the engine speed differs from that stated
above, it must be adjusted.
The engine idling speed can be reset
using the adjustment screw on the fuel
pump.
47
Winter lay-up
VD01060
Winter storage procedure
VD00136
Fuel system
Running with protective fuel mixture
Drain the water from the water separator/
fuel filter and the fuel tank. Ensure that the
tank is completely filled with fuel.
Connect the fuel supply pipe to a can filled
with a mixture of one (1) part of engine oil*
to nine (9) parts of clean fuel**. Use this
mixture to run the engine at no load for
approx. 10 minutes.
Stop the engine.
* Engine oil with protective properties.
E.g. Shell Super Diesel T 10W40
**Preferably water-free fuel.
Collect some fuel from the return pipe,
while engine is running.
Never run the engine under
load with this mixture of fuel
and oil.
48
Winter lay-up
Winter storage procedure
VD01063
VD00125
Lubrication system
Raw water cooling system
With the engine still at operating temperature: (If not, run the engine until warm,
then turn off.)
Close the seacock before removing the lid
of the water strainer. If necessary, clean
the raw water strainer.
Pour 1 litre (2 UK pt) of anti-freeze into the
water strainer and run the engine until the
anti-freeze has disappeared into the cooling system.
Take care that no anti-freeze is spilled into
the waterway (anti-freeze is poisonous).
Replace the oil filter and change the
engine oil; use oil with protective properties. See page 63.
Check the seal between the lid and housing after cleaning and re-assembling the
strainer.
An improperly sealed lid will result in air
sucked in by the raw water pump which
again will result in overheating of the
engine.
49
Winter lay-up
VD01059
Winter storage procedure
VD00139
VD001xx
Fresh water cooling system
Electrical system
Charging the batteries
To avoid corrosion during winter storage
the cooling system must be filled with an
antifreeze/water mixture (or a coolant). For
specifications see page 65.
N.B. Replacing the coolant is only necessary if the coolant present in the cooling
system offers insufficient protection for
the winter.
For coolant replacement see page 42.
Disconnect the battery cables.
Charge batteries during winter lay-up regularly
if required!
50
Winter lay-up
Recommissioning after winter storage
1
Check that the lid of the raw water
strainer is reinstalled.
VD00125
2
VD01074
Open the sea cock.
VD00138
Check that the lid of the raw water
pump and drain plugs are reinstalled.
(pages 40, 42)
VD01070
3
4
5
Check the coolant level. (page 24)
VD01059
Re-tighten
clamps.
possible
loose
hose
6
Check the engine oil level. (page 23)
VD01058
51
Winter lay-up
7
Recommissioning after winter storage
Drain the water from the water separator/fuel filter. (page 26)
VD00027
8
VD01017
52
Open the fuel valve.
VD00137
Drain the water from the fuel tank.
VD00141
9
10
11
Make sure that the batteries are fully
charged. (pages 30, 50)
CT40063
Install a new fuel filter. (page 36)
12
VD00140
Connect the batteries.
Recommissioning after winter storage
13
Winter lay-up
Start the engine.
Check the fuel system, the cooling
system and the exhaust for leakage.
VD01078
14
Stop the engine and change the oil
of the gearbox. (page 33)
VD01043
15
Check the operation of the instruments, the remote control and the
gearbox.
VD00581
53
Troubleshooting
General
Engine faults are in most cases caused by improper operation or
insufficient maintenance.
In case of a fault, always check first that the operation and maintenance instructions have been followed.
In the following tables information is given about the possible
causes of faults and suggested remedies. Please note that these
tables can never be complete.
If you are unable to identify the cause of the fault or to rectify it
yourself, then contact the nearest service representative.
Before starting, make sure that nobody is in the
immediate vincinity of the engine.
When carrying out repair, never start the engine with
the fuel injection pump removed removed.
Disconnect battery!
54
Troubleshooting
Fault finding table
1 Engine will not crank
2 Engine cranks but will not start, no smoke from exhaust
Possible fault
Remedy
Possible fault
Remedy
a
a
a
aOpen.
b
Faulty or discharged battery
Loose or corroded connections
in starting circuit.
c Faulty starter-switch or faulty
starter-relay.
d Faulty starter-motor or pinion
does not engage.
e Starter-relay is not engaged
due to a voltage too low; caused by a very long intermediate
cable from engine to control
panel.
Check / recharge battery and check engine
alternator and/or battery
charger.
b Clean and tighten connections.
c Check / replace.
b
c
d
e
f
d
Check / replace startermotor.
e Install an auxiliary starter
relay.
g
Fuel stop valve closed.
(Nearly) Empty fuel tank.
Air in fuel system.
Fuel filter clogged with water
and/or contamination.
Leaking fuel supply line or fuel
injection line.
Faulty injector/injection pump.
bRefill.
c
d
Check and bleed.
Check or replace.
e
Check / replace.
f
Check, replace if
required.
g Check / clean.
Vent line of fuel supply tank
clogged.
h Exhaust restricted.
hCheck.
i Check / replace.
i Electric fuel lift pump doesn’t
operate.
j Delivery and suction valves of j Check / clean.
electric fuel lift pump obstructed Install a fuel pilot filter
in fuel line from tank to
by dirt.
engine.
k Clogged filter of electric fuel lift k Check / clean.
pump.
55
Troubleshooting
Fault finding table
3 Engine cranks but will not start, smoke from exhaust
4 Engine starts but runs unevenly (rough idling) or stalls
Possible fault
Remedy
Possible fault
Remedy
a
a
a
aRefill.
b
b
b
b
Air in fuel system.
Faulty injector/injection pump.
c
Setting of stop valve incorrect.
Faulty glow plugs.
e Incorrect valve clearance.
f Incorrect injection timing after
overhauling of engine.
g Insufficient intake air.
d
h
i
Wrong fuel quality or contaminated fuel.
Incorrect lube oil SAE class or
quality for ambient temperature.
Check and bleed.
Check, replace if
required.
c Check / adjust.
d Check / replace.
eAdjust.
f Check / adjust.
(Nearly) Empty fuel tank.
Air in fuel system.
c Fuel filter clogged with water
and/or contamination.
d Leaking fuel supply line or fuel
injection line.
e Faulty injector/injection pump.
gCheck.
f
h
g
Check fuel. Drain and
flush fuel tank. Replace
with new fuel.
iReplace.
h
i
j
k
l
56
Vent line of fuel supply tank
clogged.
Fuel supply line restricted.
Incorrect valve clearance.
Idle setting too low.
Exhaust restricted.
Wrong fuel quality or contaminated fuel.
Clogged filter of electric fuel lift
pump.
c
Check and bleed.
Check or replace.
d
Check / replace.
e
f
Check, replace if required.
Check / clean.
g
Check / clean.
hAdjust.
i
Check/ adjust.
jCheck.
k
Check fuel. Drain and
flush fuel tank. Replace
with new fuel.
l Check / clean.
Troubleshooting
Fault finding table
5 Engine does not reach maximum rpm under load
6 Engine overheats
Possible fault
Remedy
Possible fault
a
a
b
Check and bleed.
Check or replace.
a
b
c
Check / replace.
Air in fuel system.
Fuel filter clogged with water
and/or contamination.
c Leaking fuel supply line or fuel
injection line.
d Faulty injector/injection pump.
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
Setting of stop valve incorrect.
Oil level too high.
Incorrect valve clearance.
Exhaust restricted.
Insufficient intake air.
Wrong fuel quality or contaminated fuel.
Engine overloaded.
b
c
d
d
Check, replace if
required.
e Check / adjust.
f Lower level.
gAdjust.
h Check / clean.
iCheck.
j Check fuel. Drain and
flush fuel tank. Replace
with new fuel.
k Check size of propeller.
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
m
n
Remedy
Check, replace if
required.
Oil level too high.
b Lower level.
c Increase level.
Oil level too low.
Faulty oil filter.
dReplace.
e Check / clean.
Coolant pump defective.
Heat exchanger dirty or clogged f Check / clean.
as a result of rubber particles
from a worn impeller.
g Check / top up.
Coolant level too low.
hOpen.
Sea cock closed.
Raw water strainer clogged.
i Check / clean.
j Check / replace.
Leaking raw water intake
system.
k Check / replace.
Faulty thermostat.
Faulty impeller raw water pump. l Check / replace.
m Check / replace air
Insufficient intake air.
intake filter.
n Check / replace.
Motor becomes apparantly
overheated as a result of faulty
temperature switch, sensor or
meter.
Faulty injector/injection pump.
a
57
Troubleshooting
Fault finding table
7 Engine not firing on all cylinders
8 Engine has little or no oil pressure
Possible fault
Remedy
Possible fault
Remedy
a
a
a
b
Check and bleed.
Check or replace.
a
b
b
b
c
Check / replace.
Air in fuel system.
Fuel filter clogged with water
and/or contamination.
c Leaking fuel supply line or fuel
injection line.
d Faulty injector/injection pump.
e
f
g
h
i
Check, replace if
required.
e Check / clean.
Fuel supply line restricted.
Faulty glow plugs.
f Check / replace.
gAdjust.
Incorrect valve clearance.
Clogged filter of electric fuel lift h Check / clean.
pump.
i Check / replace.
Faulty electric fuel lift pump.
Oil level too low.
Excessive inclination of engine.
c Incorrect lube oil SAE class or
quality for ambient temperature.
d
9 Engine oil consumption excessive
Possible fault
Remedy
a
a
b
c
d
e
f
58
Increase level.
Check / Adjust.
cReplace.
Oil level too high.
Excessive inclination of engine.
Incorrect lube oil SAE class or
quality for ambient temperature.
Excessive wear of cylinder/
piston.
Insufficient intake air.
Engine overloaded.
Lower level.
Check / Adjust.
cReplace.
b
d
Check compression;
overhaul engine.
eCheck.
f Check size of propeller.
Troubleshooting
Fault finding table
10A
Blue exhaust smoke (idling)
10C
White exhaust smoke (at full load)
Possible fault
Remedy
Possible fault
Remedy
a
a
a
a
b
Oil level too high.
Excessive inclination of engine.
b
Lower level.
Check / Adjust.
b
Air in fuel system.
Faulty injector/injection pump.
c
Water in fuel system.
Faulty glow plugs.
e Incorrect valve clearance.
f Incorrect injection timing.
g Wrong fuel quality or contaminated fuel.
d
10B
Black exhaust smoke (at load)
Possible fault
Remedy
a
aCheck.
b
b
Insufficient intake air.
Faulty injector / injection pump.
c Engine overloaded, max. rpm
is not reached.
h
Vapour in exhaust gases condenses as a result of very low
ambient temperature.
Check and bleed.
Check, replace if
required.
c Check water separator.
d Check / replace.
eAdjust.
f Check / adjust.
g Check fuel. Drain and
flush fuel tank. Replace
with new fuel.
hb
Check/replace if required.
c Check sizes of propeller.
59
Technical data
Model
Engine specifications
M4.15M4.17
Model
M4.15M4.17
General
Maximum output
Make
Vetus Mitsubishi
Number of cylinders
4
4
Based on S4L-61DM
S4L2-61DM
Type
4-stroke diesel, in-line
InjectionIndirect
AspirationNatural
Bore
78 mm
78 mm
Stroke
78.5 mm
92 mm
Total displacement
1500 cm3
1758 cm3
Compression ratio
22 : 1
22 : 1
Idle speed
840 rpm
840 rpm
Max. no. of revolutions at
no load
3200 rpm
3200 rpm
Valve clearance (cold)
Inlet 0.25 mm
Exhaust 0.25 mm
Weight
185 kg (408 lbs)
(with standard gearbox)
at the flywheel (ISO 3046-1) 24.3 kW (33 hp)30.9 kW (42 hp)
at the prop shaft (ISO 3046-1) 23.6 kW (32.1 hp)30 kW (40.8 hp)
at no. of revolutions of
3000 rpm
3000 rpm
Torque,
77.4 Nm
98 Nm
(7.9 kgm, (10 kgm,
57.1 ft.lb) 72.3 ft.lb)
at no. of revolutions
3000 rpm
3000 rpm
Engine installation
Max. installation angle
Max. athwartships angle
60
15 degrees backwards
25 degrees continuously,
30 degrees intermittent
Fuel consumption
at no. of revolutions
of 1800 rpm
252 g/kW.h
(185 g/hp.h)
252 g/kW.h
(185 g/hp.h)
Fuel System (Self-bleeding)
Injection pump
Bosch model M (Nippon Denso)
Injectors
Plug injector
Opening pressure140 bar (kgf/cm2) (2030 psi)
Firing order
1-3-4-2
Injection timing
21° BTDC
17° BTDC
Fuel filter elementSTM3690
Fuel lift pump
Suction height max.
max. 1.5 m (5 ft)
Fuel supply connection
for hose 8 mm (5/16”) I.D.
Fuel return connection
for hose 8 mm (5/16”) I.D.
Technical data
Engine specifications
Model
M4.15M4.17
Model
M4.15M4.17
Oil lubrication system
Exhaust system
Oil capacity, max.
without oil filter
5.4 litres (1.2 UKgal)
with oil filter
5.6 litres (1.25 UKgal)
Oil FilterSTM0051
Oil temperature insump
max. 130°C (266°F)
Exhaust diameter
Exhaust back pressure
Cooling system
Capacity,
Intercooler version
Keel cooler version
Thermostat
Coolant pump,
Flow at max. engine rpm
Total head keelcooler
at max. flow
Raw water pump,
Flow at max. engine rpm
Total head at max. flow
Impeller
Inlet connection
Heater return connection
6.5 litres (1.4 UKgal)
7.2 litres (1.6 UKgal)
opening at 82°C±1.5°C
(180°F±3°F),
fully opened at 95°C (203°F)
50 l/min (11 UKgal/min)
2 m Water (6’ 7”)
30 l/min (6.6 UKgal/min)
2 m Water (6’ 7”)
STM8061
for hose 20 mm (3/4”) I.D.
8 mm (5/16”)
50 mm
at specified output
max. 150 mbar (2.2 psi)
Electrical system
Voltage
Alternator
Battery capacity
Protection
12 Volt
14 Volt, 50 A
min. 55 Ah, max. 108 Ah
Tubular glass fuse,
32 x 6.3 mm 10 A slow blow
V-beltSTM7966
Gearbox
Reduction ratio
Technodrive:
model
model
model
model
TMC40
TMC40M
TMC60 (E,M)
TM345 (A,H)
ZF Hurth: model
model
model
model
ZF10M
ZF12
ZF15MA
ZF15V
1.45 / 2.00 : 1
1.45 / 2.00 : 1
1.5 / 2.00 / 2.50 : 1
1.54 / 2.0 / 2.47 : 1
2.05
2.14
1.88
2.13
/
/
/
/
2.72
2.63
2.63
2.99
:
:
:
:
1
1
1
1
61
Technical data
Screw connection
Torque wrench settings
WrenchTorque
Size Nm(kgm)
DiameterPitch
Cylinder head bolt M10
1.25
14
88 ±5
(9
±0.5)
Connecting rod nut
M9
1.0
14
34.8 ±2.5
(3.55 ±0.25)
(ft.lbf)
(65 ±3.5)
(26 ±2)
Fly-wheel bolt
M12
1.25
19
132 ±5
(13.5 ±0.5)
(98 ±3.5)
Crank shaft pulley nut
M18
1.5
27
172 ±25
(17.5 ±2.5)
(127 ±19)
Main bearing cap bolt
M10
1.25
17
51.5 ±2.5
(5.25 ±0.25)
(38 ±2)
Rocker stay bolt
M8
1.25
12
14.7 ±5
(1.5 ±0.5)
(10 ±3.5)
Valve cover bolt
M8
1.25
12
11.3 ±1.5
(1.15 ±0.15)
(8 ±1)
Nozzle holder
M20
1.5
21
54 ±5
(5.5 ±0.5)
(40 ±3.5)
Fuel leak oil pipe nut
M12
1.5
18
27 ±2.5
(2.75 ±0.25)
(20 ±2)
Nozzle retaining nut
M16
0.75
19
37 ±2.5
(3.75 ±0.25)
(27 ±2)
Fuel injection pipe nut
M12
1.5
—
29 ±5
(3
±0.5)
(22 ±3.5)
19
44 ±5
(4.5 ±0.5)
(32 ±3.5)
Delivery valve holder
—
Solenoid lock nut
M30
1.5
36
44 ±5
(4.5 ±0.5)
(32 ±3.5)
Temperature switch
M16
1.5
17
22.6 ±4
(2.3 ±0.4)
(16 ±3)
Oil filter
M20
1.5
—
12 ±1
(1.2 ±0.1)
(9 ±0.8)
26
10 ±2
(1
±0.2)
(7 ±1.5)
22
49 ±5
(5
±0.5)
(36 ±3.5)
±0.5)
Oil pressure switch
Pressure relief valve
PT1/8
M22
1.5
Oil drain plug
M14
1.5
22
39 ±5
(4
Glow plug
M10
1.25
12
17.2 ±2.5
(1.75 ±0.25)
(13 ±2)
Fly-wheel housing bolt
M12
1.25
17
64 ±10
(6.5 ±1)
(47 ±7)
62
(29 ±3.5)
Operating media
Lubricating oil
Engine Lubricating Oil
Gearbox Lubricating Oil
Only use a recognised brand of oil for lubricating the engine.
Only use a recognised brand of oil for lubricating the gearbox.
Lube oils are differentiated according to their performance and
quality class. In common use are specifications named after
API (American Petroleum Institute) and CCMC (Committee of
Common Market Automobile Constructors).
Approved API Oils
:
CD, CE and CF4
Approved ACEA Oils
:
A3/B3, A3/B4
Technodrive:
model TMC40
:0.20 litres, Engine oil SAE 20/30
model TMC40 M / P:0.20 litres, ATF*) (0.35 UK pt, 0.4 US pt)
model TMC60
:0.80 litres, Engine oil SAE 20/30
model TMC60 E / P:0.80 litres, ATF*) (1.4 UK pt, 1.7 US pt)
model TM345 A / H :1.6 litres, Engine oil SAE 20W-40-CD
(2.8 UK pt, 3.4 US pt)
As the viscosity of lube oil is dependent on temperature, the oil
vicosity (SAE grade) should be selected according to the ambient
temperature when the the engine is started.
To avoid oil changes dictated by the seasons we advise one of
the following multi-grade oils.
- SAE 10W40 for temperatures of -25°C up to +30°C
(-13°F up to +86°F)
- SAE 15W40 for temperatures of -20°C up to +35°C
(-4°F up to +95°F)
For example: Vetus Marine Diesel Engine Oil 15W-40
Shell Nautilus Premium Inboard Oil 15W-40
ZF Hurth:
model ZF10M
model 12
model 15MA
model 15V
:0.35 litres, ATF*) (0.6 UK pt, 0.74 US pt)
:1.1 litres, ATF*) (1.9 UK pt, 2.3 US pt)
:0.56 litres, ATF*) (1 UK pt, 1.2 US pt)
:1.0 litres, ATF*) (1.8 UK pt, 2.1 US pt)
Other brands of gearboxes:
See supplied owners manual for oil type and quantities.
*) ATF :AutomaticTransmission Fluid;
Transmissie olie type A, Suffix A.
For example
:Vetus Transmission Oil
Shell Donax T6
Gulf ATF Synth
63
Operating media
Fuel
Fuel Quality Grade
Winter-grade fuel
Use commercially available diesel fuel with less than 0.5% sulfer
content. If the sulfur content is higher than 0.5%, the intervals
between oil changes should be halved e.g. change oil every 250
hours. Don’t use fuel with more than 1% sulfur!
Waxing may occur at low temperatures, clogging the fuel system
and reducing engine efficiency.
If the ambient temperature is less than 0°C (+32°F), winter-grade
fuel -suitable down to -15°C (+5°F) - should be used. This fuel is
usually available from filling stations well in advance of the cold
months. Diesel fuel containing additives (Super Diesel) is often
on sale as well, for use down to -20°C (-4°F).
The following fuel specifications / standards are approved:
• CEN EN 590 or DIN/EN 590 (under development)
• DIN 51 601 (Feb. 1986)
• BS 2869 (1988): A1 and A2
• ASTM D975-88: D1 and D2
• NATO Code F-54 and F75
The exhaust emission levels determined during certification by
the supervising authority are always based on the reference fuel
described by law.
64
Operating media
Coolant
Coolant fluid
Water quality for coolant preparation
The preparation and monitoring of coolant in inter-cooled engines
is especially important because corrosion, cavitation and freezing
can lead to engine damage. Use as coolant a mixture of a cooling system protective liquid (anti-freeze, ethylene glycol based)
and tap water.
Use preferably tap water.
In tropical climates, where anti-freeze availability may be limited,
use a corrosion inhibitor to protect the engine cooling system.
The concentration of the cooling system protective liquid in the
coolant should not fall below/exceed the following limits:
Cooling system protective
Water
Protection against
liquid (Anti-freeze) freezing to
max. 45 vol%
55%
-35°C (-31°F)
40 vol%
60%
-28°C (-18°F)
min. 35 vol%
65%
-22°C (-8°F)
The protective liquid concentration must be maintained under all
circumstances. Therefor if coolant must be added always use the
same mixture of anti-freeze and tap water.
If an other available fresh water is used; the values given below
must not be exceeded.
Water quality
min.
pH-value at 20°C (68°F)
6.5
Chloride ion content [mg/dm
max.
8.5
3]– 100
Sulfate ion content [mg/dm3]– 100
Total hardness [degrees]
3
12
Never use sea-water or brackish water.
Cooling system protective liquids must be disposed of
in accordance with environmental regulations.
65
Wiring diagram
Engine with panel model ‘20’, ‘21’, ‘22’
Key switch
Engine panel model
'20'
03-09 <-
'21'
Voltmeter
Tachometer/
hour counter
'22'
-8
X1
-5
-4
17/19 58
15
-7
31
D1
D2
-1
D3
Model
20 21 22
Voltmeter
Ð Ð 1
Tachometer Ð 1 1
n/h
V
-2
-3
-6
W
95
D4
Warning lights
Red
A1
Yellow
Orange
Violet
A3
A4
A2
White
Q1
Black
A5
BZ
L1
A6
R1
Plug 'A'
R2
L2
R3
L3
L4
L5
L6
D5
Gearbox
oil press.
D6
Socket 'A'
D7
A1
Fuse or
circuit breaker
A3
A4
A2
A5
D8
A6
D9
Auxiliary
start relay
Preheating
relay
D10
Preheating
30
86
30
86
87
85
87
85
X2M 19/94 61
-6
-4
91
-1
92
-2
93
-5
W
-3
B6
B4
B1
B2
B5
B3
B6
B4
Yellow/
Green
B1
B2
B5
B3
Plug 'B'
Socket 'B'
Battery
main
switch
Transparent
Green Brown Blue
ϑ
R
Battery
M
ϑ
Yellow/
Green
p
B+
G
M
p
Gray
D+
Battery charging
3Y
W
Starter motor
VD00407
66
Pre-heating
Fuel pump ETR
Stop
solenoid
ETS
Alternator
Exhaust
Oil Coolant
temp. press. temp.
Gearbox
oil press.
Wiring diagram
Options, panel model ‘10’
Key switch
Engine panel model
'10'
03-09 <-
31
17/19 58
J3
Red
A1
Yellow
Orange
A3
A4
Violet
A2
White
D1
D3
D4
Warning lights
Q1
Black
A5
D2
15
BZ
L1
A6
R1
Plug 'A'
R3
L2
R2
L3
L4
L5
D5
J4
D6
Socket 'A'
D7
A1
Fuse or
circuit breaker
A3
A4
A2
A5
D8
A6
D9
Auxiliary
start relay
D10
Preheating
30
86
Preheating
relay
30
86
87
85
87
19/94 61
91
92
93
W
B6
B4
B1
B2
B5
B3
B6
B4
Yellow/
Green
B1
B2
B5
B3
95
Plug 'B'
Socket 'B'
Battery
main
switch
85
Transparent
Green Brown Blue
ϑ
R
Battery
L6
M
ϑ
B+
G
M
p
Gray
D+
Battery charging
3Y
W
Starter motor
VD00406
Pre-heating
Fuel pump ETR
Stop
solenoid
ETS
Alternator
Oil Coolant
Exhaust
temp. press. temp.
67
Wiring diagram
Engine with panel model ‘20’, ‘21’, ‘22’
engine with intercooling
Key switch
Engine panel model
'20'
'21'
Voltmeter
Tachometer/
hour counter
'22'
03-09 ->
n/h
V
-8
X1
-5
-4
17/19 58
15
-7
31
D1
D2
-1
D3
Model
20 21 22
Voltmeter
− − 1
Tachometer − 1 1
-2
-3
-6
W
95
D4
Warning lights
Red
A1
Yellow
Orange
Violet
A3
A4
A2
White
Q1
Black
A5
BZ
L1
A6
R1
Plug 'A'
R2
L2
R3
L3
L4
L5
L6
L3 L4 L5 L2 L1 L6
D5
Gearbox
oil press.
D6
Socket 'A'
D7
A1
Fuse or
circuit breaker
A3
A4
A2
A5
D8
A6
D9
Auxiliary
start relay
Preheating
relay
D10
Preheating
30
86
30
86
87
85
87
85
X2M 19/94 61
-6
-4
91
-1
92
-2
93
-5
W
-3
B6
B4
B1
B2
B5
B3
B6
B4
Yellow/
Green
B1
B2
B5
B3
Violet
Socket 'B'
Battery
main
switch
Transparent
Green Brown Blue
ϑ
R
Battery
Connection for
2nd alternator
Plug 'B'
M
ϑ
Yellow/
Green
p
B+
G
M
p
Gray
D+
Battery charging
Starter motor
68
Pre-heating
Fuel pump ETR
Stop
solenoid
ETS
Alternator
Battery charging
2nd alternator 1
Yellow/
Green
Black 2
3Y
W
VD00407
3
Oil Coolant
Exhaust
temp. press. temp.
Gearbox
oil press.
Wiring diagram
Options, 2nd alternator
engine with intercooling
03-09 ->
2nd Alternator
Fuse 5A
Violet
Red
30
86
85
Consumers
Red
87a
87
Battery
main switch
White
30
86
30
86
3
87a
Yellow/
2 Green
1
Black
87
85 87a
87
85
1N4002
B+
D+
G
Yellow 3Y
W
Battery
2nd Alternator
VD00650
69
Wiring diagram
Engine with panel model ‘20’, ‘21’, ‘22’
engine with keel cooling
Key switch
Engine panel model
03-09 ->
'20'
'21'
Voltmeter
Tachometer/
hour counter
'22'
-8
X1
-5
-4
17/19 58
15
-7
31
D1
D2
-1
D3
Model
20 21 22
Voltmeter
− − 1
Tachometer − 1 1
n/h
V
-2
-3
-6
W
95
D4
Warning lights
Red
A1
Yellow
Orange
Violet
A3
A4
A2
White
Q1
Black
A5
BZ
L1
A6
R1
Plug 'A'
R2
L2
R3
L3
L4
L5
L6
D5
Gearbox
oil press.
D6
Socket 'A'
D7
A1
Fuse or
circuit breaker
A3
A4
A2
A5
D8
A6
D9
Auxiliary
start relay
Preheating
relay
D10
Preheating
30
86
30
86
87
85
87
85
X2M 19/94 61
-6
-4
91
-1
92
-2
93
-5
W
-3
B6
B4
B1
B2
B5
B3
B6
B4
Yellow/
Green
B1
B2
B5
B3
Plug 'B'
Socket 'B'
Battery
main
switch
Transparent
Green Brown Blue
p
R
Battery
M
Yellow/
Green
p
B+
G
M
ϑ
Gray
D+
Battery charging
3Y
W
Starter motor
VD00651
70
Pre-heating
Fuel pump ETR
Stop
solenoid
ETS
Alternator
Oil Coolant
press. temp.
Gearbox
oil press.
Engine with panel model ‘20’, ‘21’, ‘22’
engine with keel cooling
Wiring diagram
03-09 ->
2nd Alternator
L3 L4 L5 L2 L1 L6
Fuse 5A
Violet
Red
30
86
85
Consumers
Red
87a
87
Battery
main switch
White
30
87a
87
86
85 87a
30
86
87
85
1N4002
B+
D+
G
Yellow 3Y
Green
Black
W
Battery
2nd Alternator
Battery charging 2nd alternator
71
Wiring diagram
Options, panel model ‘10’
engine with intercooling
Key switch
Engine panel model
'10'
03-09 ->
31
17/19 58
J3
Red
A1
Yellow
Orange
A3
A4
Violet
A2
White
D1
D3
D4
Warning lights
BZ
L1
A6
R1
Plug 'A'
R3
L2
R2
L3
L4
L5
D5
A3
A4
A2
A5
L4 & L6
D8
A6
D9
Auxiliary
start relay
D10
Preheating
30
86
Preheating
relay
30
86
87
85
87
19/94 61
B6
B4
91
92
93
B1
B2
B5
B3
Plug 'B'
85
B6
B4
Yellow/
Green
B1
M
B5
p
ϑ
B+
G
M
B2
Green Brown Blue
ϑ
R
D+
Battery charging
Pre-heating
Fuel pump ETR
Stop
solenoid
ETS
Alternator
Connection for
2nd alternator
3
B3
Gray
Battery charging
2nd alternator 1
Yellow/
Green
Black 2
3Y
W
Starter motor
95
Violet
Transparent
72
W
Socket 'B'
Battery
main
switch
VD00652
L6
D7
A1
Fuse or
circuit breaker
L1 L2
J4
D6
Socket 'A'
Battery
L3 L5
Q1
Black
A5
D2
15
Oil Coolant
Exhaust
temp. press. temp.
Wiring diagram
Options, panel model ‘34’
engine with intercooling
Key switch
Tachometer/
hour counter
Voltmeter
Engine panel model
Oil pressure
gauge
Temperature
gauge
03-09 ->
'34'
-5
-4
-3
-6
-1
-2
17/19 58
15
W
95
M1
M2
-8
X1
-7
31
ϑ
p
n/h
V
D1
D2
D3
D4
Warning lights
Q1
BZ
L1
R1
R2
L2
R3
L3
L4
L5
L6
L3 L4 L5 L2 L1 L6
D5
Gearbox
oil press.
D6
D7
D8
D9
D10
Red
A1
Yellow
Orange
Violet
A3
A4
A2
White
Preheating
Black
A5
X2M 19/94 61
-6
-4
91
-1
92
-2
93
-5
W
-3
Ð
X3M (31)
-1
A6
+
(15) X4M G1
-1
-2
G2
NC
NC
-2
-3
-4
+
Plug 'A'
Interface
STM6911
Socket 'A'
A1
Fuse or
circuit breaker
30
A3
A4
A2
A5
-1
A6
86
Preheating
relay
30
B6
B4
B1
87
85
87
B2
B5
B3
B6
B4
B1
-3
-1
-2
-3
-4
2nd
B3
panel
Interface cable MPVB2
Connection for
2nd alternator
B6
R
B4
Yellow/
Green
B1
B2
B5
Green Brown Blue
p
ϑ
D+
3
B3
Gray
Yellow/
Green
p
B+
G
M
Violet
Socket 'B'
85
ϑ
M
B5
Plug 'B'
Transparent
Battery
B2
86
Socket 'B' To
Battery
main
switch
-2
Auxiliary
start relay
Battery charging
2nd alternator 1
Yellow/
Green
Black 2
Battery charging
3Y
W
Starter motor
Pre-heating
(Glow plugs)
Fuel lift pump
ETR
Stop
solenoid
ETS
Alternator
Exhaust
Oil Coolant
temp. press. temp.
Gearbox
oil press.
VD00635
73
Overall Dimensions
Sea water intake ø 20 mm
Fuel return ø 8 mm
Exhaust ø 50 mm
Fuel supply ø 8 mm
M4.15 / M4.17
74
1:10
75
76
Manual
Art. code
340201.03 (STM0118)
340202.03 (STM0119)
340203.02 (STM0124)
340204.03 (STM0125)
340205.02 (STM0126)
340206.02 (STM0127)
340207.02 (STM0128)
340208.02 (STM0129)
340210.01
Description
Bedieningshandleiding Operation manual Bedienungsanleitung Manuel d’utilisation
Manual de operacion
Istruzioni per l’uso
Brugsanvisning
Användarmanual
Käyttöopas
320331.01 (STM0032)
Installatiehandleiding / Installation manual
320199.05 (STM0016)
Service- en Garantieboek / Service and Warranty Manual (Nederlands/English /
Service- und Garantieheft / Livret Garantie et Service /
(Deutsch/Français)
Manual de servicio y garantía / Libretto di assistenza e garanzia (Español/Italiano)
341331.01 (STM0091)
Onderdelenboek / Parts manual M4.15 / M4.17
(Nederlands/English)
342402.02
Service manual M4.15 / M4.17
(English)
M4.15
M4.15
M4.15
M4.15
M4.15
M4.15
M4.15
M4.15
M4.15
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
M4.17 M4.17
M4.17
M4.17
M4.17
M4.17
M4.17
M4.17
M4.17
(Nederlands)
(English)
(Deutsch)
(Français)
(Español)
(Italiano)
(Dansk)
(Svenska)
(Suomeksi)
(Nederlands/English)
77
Nederlands
English
78
F O K K E R S T R A AT 5 7 - 3 1 2 5 B D S C H I E D A M - H O L L A N D - T E L . : + 3 1 ( 1 0 ) 4 3 7 7 7 0 0
FAX:+31 (10) 4372673 - 4621286 - E-MAIL: sales@vetus.nl - INTERNET: http://www.vetus.com
340202.03 2011-11
Printed in the Netherlands
Vetus
Vetus Diesel   VF4   VF5
Diesel   M4.15   M4.17
vetus n. v.