Volvo 760 Specifications

Volvo 1990 760 Model
1990 760 Owners Manual
U.S.A. & Canada
ESSENTIAL INFORMATION
Please take the time to fill out the forms on this page. When completed, these forms will provide
information essential to the proper servicing and ordering of parts for your Volvo.
Owner:
Name:____________
Address:__________
City, State:_________Zip Code_________
Tel. No.___________
Notice:
Your Volvo is designed to meet all applicable safety and emission standards, as evidenced by the
certification labels attached to the door opening sheet metal and on the left wheel housing in the engine
compartment. For further information regarding these regulations, please contact your dealer.
Vehicle Information (see "Label information" section)
Vehicle License Number_________________
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)___________
Service Designation Number_________________
Engine Designation________________________
See "Specifications" section
Color Code____________________
Upholstery_____________________
Tire designation____________________
See "Tires" Section
Vehicle Capacity_________________
© Volvo Cars of North America
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Contents
pg. 4
Introduction
pg. 6
Instruments, switches and controls
pg. 27 Body and interior
pg. 47 Starting and driving
pg. 67 Wheels and tires
pg. 71 In case of emergency
pg. 91 Car care
pg. 99 Service and routine maintenance
pg. 121 Specifications
Important
You should be familiar with the information in the first three chapters before you operate the car.
Information contained in the balance of the manual is extremely useful and should be studied after
operating the vehicle for the first time.
The manual is structured so that it can be used for reference. It should thus be kept in the car for ready
access.
All information, illustrations and specifications contained in this manual are based on the latest product
information available at the time of publication. Volvo reserves the right to make model changes at any
time, or to change specifications or design, without notice and without incurring obligation.
pg. 2 This manual deals with the operation and care of your Volvo
Welcome to the world-wide family of Volvo owners. We trust that you will enjoy many years of safe
driving in your Volvo, an automobile designed with your safety and comfort in mind. To help ensure
your satisfaction with this vehicle, we encourage you to familiarize yourself with the equipment
descriptions, operating instructions and maintenance requirements/recommendations in this manual. We
also urge you and your passengers to wear seat belts at all times in this (or any other) automobile. And,
of course, please do not operate a vehicle if you may be affected by alcohol, medication or any
impairment that could hinder your ability to drive.
Your Volvo is designed to meet all applicable safety and emission standards, as evidenced by the
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certification labels attached to the driver's door opening and on the left wheel housing in the engine
compartment. For further information please contact your dealer.
pg. 3 Seatbelts: "Something We Believe In"
Despite our strongest recommendations, and your best intentions, not wearing a seat belt is like
believing "It'll never happen to me!". Volvo urges you and all adult occupants of your car to wear seat
belts and ensure that children are properly restrained, using an infant, car or booster seat determined by
age, weight and height.
Fact: In every state and province, some type of child-restraint legislation has been passed. Additionally,
most states and provinces have already made it mandatory for occupants of a car to use seat belts.
So, urging you to "buckle up" is not just our recommendation - legislation in your state or province may
mandate seat belt usage. The few seconds it takes to buckle up may one day allow you to say, "It's a
good thing I was wearing my seat belt".
Contents | Top of Page
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Introduction
pg. 4 Introduction
This Owner's manual provides information on driving and maintaining your Volvo
It should be noted that there are differences among model versions and market requirements; thus, you
may find features described and/or pictured in this manual that do not appear on your car.
Should you require more detailed information with regard to adjustments or repairs please contact your
Volvo dealer.
Do not export your Volvo to another country before investigating the country's applicable safety and
exhaust emission requirements. In some cases it may be difficult or impossible to comply with these
requirements. Modifications to the emission control system(s) may render your Volvo not certifiable
for legal operation in the U.S., Canada or other countries.
pg. 5 Keys
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Service key
Front doors, starting (ignition)
Steering wheel lock
Owner's key
This key operates all locks in
the vehicle
Wallet key
This key operates all locks in
the vehicle
Number tag
The key number codes are stamped on a separate tag supplied with the keys. This tag should be
separated from the key ring and kept in a safe place (the back of the tag is coated with adhesive tape).
As an added anti-theft measure, new keys have been developed, which may take slightly longer to copy
or replace if the original keys are misplaced.
In the event of the original keys are lost, duplicates may be ordered from your Volvo dealer.
The central locking system is described in detail in section "Doors and locks".
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Contents | Top of Page
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Instruments, switches and controls
pg. 6 Instruments, switches and controls
pg. 7 Instruments, switches and controls
pg. 22
1 Air louver
pg. 17
2 Headlights, parking lights
pg. 14
3 Turn signals, high/low beams
pg. 16
cruise control
pg. 6-12 4 Instruments
pg. 15
5 Windshield wiper/washer, rear window wiper/washer (wagons)
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pg. 22
6 Air louver
pg. 22-24 7 Heating and ventilation
pg. 25
8 Audio cassette/tuner
pg. 20
9 Cigarette lighter
pg. 20
10 Ash tray
pg. 19
12 Electrically-heated front seats
pg. 39
13 Hood release handle
pg. 21
14 Controls for electrically operated windows
pg. 28
and side door mirrors
pg. 18
15 Instrument panel illumination
pg. 17
16 Front/rear fog lights
pg. 18
17 Control for setting clock
pg. 18
18 Radio antenna
pg. 13
19 Adjustable steering wheel
pg. 13
20 Space for additional equipment
pg. 29
22 Space for additional equipment
pg. 14
24 Hazard warning flashers
pg. 19
25 Heated rear windows/side door mirrors
-
26 Horn
21 Starting (ignition) switch/steering wheel lock
23 Electrically operated sun roof
The pages in this section provide detailed descriptions of the vehicle's instruments and controls.
Note that vehicles may be equipped differently, depending on special legal requirements.
pg. 8 Instruments
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NOTE : Canadian model speedometers/odometers indicate kilometers
only.
1 Fuel gauge
2 Quartz crystal clock
3 Speedometer
4 Trip odometer
5 Odometer
6 Trip odometer reset button
7 Tachometer
8 Boost gauge (Turbo models)
9 Coolant temperature gauge
pg. 9 Instruments
Tachometer
Reads thousands of engine rpm.
Engine should not be operated in red range.
Maximum continuous rpm is 6000
The turbo engine is equipped with an rpm-limiter system; at engine speeds above approx. 6200 rpm, the engine will
begin to misfire to reduce the risk of damage.
Trip odometer
Used for measuring shorter distances.
(last figure represents 1/10 mile or km)
A black number on a white background =
original instrument. A red number on a white
background = replacement instrument.
Trip odometer reset knob
Push in to reset
Temperature gauge
The pointer should be approximately midway on the gauge face when driving. If the pointer approaches the red
range repeatedly, check coolant level and fan belt tension. See sections "Coolant" and "Drive belts".
Do not continue to drive the car with the pointer in the red range.
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WARNING! Allow engine to cool before adding
coolant.
Fuel gauge
Fuel tank capacity:
Wagons: approx. 15.8 US gals (60 liters).
Models with low-fuel warning light:
When the warning light on the fuel gauge comes on, there are approximately 1.6 US gals. (6 liters) of fuel
remaining in the tank.
Models without low-fuel warning light:
The red range represents approx. 2.4 US gals. (9 liters) for wagons and 3.4 US gals. (13 liters) for sedans. See
"Refueling" for further information.
Boost pressure gauge
(Turbo-engine cars only)
The boost pressure gauge is divided into sections.
Black section: The engine acts as a normally-aspirated engine. Best fuel economy is achieved while driving in this
range. Yellow section: The turbo is providing boost pressure.
pg. 10 Indicator and warning lights
1 Turn signal, left
2 Turn signal, right
3 Check engine
4 Direction indicator, trailer
5 Service reminder light
6 Low washer fluid level
If the lamp glows continuously there is
only about 1/2 - 1 US qt remaining in the
washer fluid reservoir
7 Rear fog lamps
8 Bulb failure warning lamp
9 Alternator not charging
10 Low engine oil pressure
11 High beams
12 Brake failure
13 Parking brake applied
14 Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)
(see next page)
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15 (not in use)
16 (not in use)
17 4th gear (overdrive) disengaged
18 Seat belt reminder light
19 SRS (Supplemental Restraint System)
20 (not in use)
21 (not in use)
22 (not in use)
When the ignition key is turned on and before the engine starts, all of the warning lights should be on to test the
function of the bulbs. Should a light not go off after the engine has started, the system indicated should be
inspected. (However, the parking brake reminder light will not go off until the parking brake is fully released.)
pg. 11 Warning lights
The warning lights described on this page should never stay on when driving
Alternator warning light
If the light comes on while the engine is running, check the tension of the generator drive belt as soon as possible.
NOTE: This warning lights is illuminated if the generator is not charging. However, parking brake, brake failure
and bulb failure warning lights will be illuminated at the same time due to the design of the system.
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Check Engine warning light
If the lamp comes on after the engine has started, the diagnostic systems have detected a fault in the fuel/ignition
systems, indicating that the engine probably does not fulfil emission control requirements. The vehicle should be
checked by an authorized Volvo dealer.
Oil pressure warning light
If the light comes on during driving, the oil pressure is too low. Stop the car and then stop the engine immediately.
Do not drive the vehicle. See the section titled "Engine oil". After hard driving, the light may come on occasionally
when the engine is idling. This is normal, provided it goes off when the engine speed is increased.
Bulb failure warning light
The light will come on if any of the following bulbs are defective:
one of the low beam headlights
one of the tail lights
one of the brake lights when the brake pedal is depressed.
Check the fuse and bulb.
See sections titled "Replacing bulbs" and "Fuses".
Should the warning light come on after a defective outside bulb has been replaced, the corresponding bulb on the
other side of the car should also be replaced.
Parking brake reminder light
This light will be on when the parking brake (hand brake) is applied. The parking brake lever is situated between
the front seats.
Brake failure warning light
If the light comes on while driving and the brake pedal can be depressed further than normal, it is an indication that
one of the brake circuits is not functioning.
Stop immediately, open the hood and check the brake fluid level (see section "Brake fluid, power steering").
WARNING!
If the level is below the MIN mark in either section of the reservoir: Do NOT drive. Tow the car to shop for check/
repair of brake system.
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Fluid level between MIN and MAX mark: proceed immediately and with caution to a Volvo dealer for an
inspection of the brake system.
pg. 12 Warning lights
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)
ABS brakes are designed to prevent the brakes from locking under severe braking conditions. If the light comes on
while driving, there is a malfunction of the ABS system (the standard braking system will still function), and the
car should be driven to an authorized Volvo dealer for inspection. The system "senses" when the brakes begin to
lock, regulates the brake pressure and thereby helps prevent the brakes from locking. When the system is activated,
you may be aware of a slight vibration in the brake pedal. The switching sound of the control unit in the engine
compartment may also be audible. This is quite normal.
Note that the ABS system does not increase the total braking capacity of your car. It does, however, enable you to
steer and helps to retain better control of the vehicle.
(SRS) Supplemental Restraint System
If the light comes on (or stays on after the vehicle has started), the SRS diagnostic system has detected a fault.
Drive to an authorized Volvo dealer for inspection. (See section "SRS" for further information.)
Service reminder indicator
This light will come on at 5,000 mile (8,000 km) intervals. It is a reminder to the driver to have the engine oil and
oil filter changed. The light will stay on 2 minutes after the start until reset by the servicing dealer.
Turn signal indicators - trailer (certain models)
When towing a trailer, this light will flash simultaneously with the turn signals on the trailer. If the light does not
flash when signaling, the trailer turn signals are not functioning.
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Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 13 Steering wheel adjustment, starting (ignition) switch
Starting (ignition) switch/steering wheel lock
The steering wheel lock might be under tension when the car is parked. Turn the steering wheel slightly
to free the ignition key.
A chime will sound if the starting key is left in the ignition lock and the front door on the driver's side is
opened.
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0 Locked position:
remove the key to lock the steering wheel.
I Intermediate position:
certain circuits (heater blower, cigarette lighter, accessories etc.) on.
II Drive position:
key position when engine is running.
III Starting position:
release the key when the engine starts. The key returns automatically to driving
position.
Steering wheel adjustment
The steering wheel can be adjusted to 3 different positions.
Move the control on the left side of the steering column downward and hold it in place. Adjust the
steering wheel to the position desired. Release the control and check that the steering wheel is locked in
position.
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WARNING! Do not adjust the steering wheel while
driving.
pg. 14 Turn signals, Hazard warning flasher
Turn signals
1 Lane change position : In maneuvers such as lane changing, the driver can flash the turn signals by
moving the turn signal lever to the first stop and holding it there. The lever will return to the neutral
position when released.
2 Signal lever engaged for normal turns
Note: Defective turn signal bulb will cause turn signal indicator and remaining signal lights to flash
more rapidly than normal.
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3 High beam/low beam switch (headlights on)
Move the lever towards the steering wheel past the headlight flasher position and release it.
3 Headlight flasher (headlights off)
Move the lever towards the steering wheel past the headlight flasher position and release it
Hazard warning flasher
The four-way flasher should be used to indicate that the vehicle has become a traffic hazard.
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NOTE: Regulations regarding the use of the hazard warning flasher may vary from state to
state.
pg. 15 Windshield, Tailgate wipers/washers
Wiper/washer
1 Intermittent wiper.
With switch in this position, the wipers will sweep approximately every seventh second.
2 "Single sweep" position.
Switch returns automatically when released
3 Wipers, low speed.
4 Wipers, high speed
5 Windshield wiper/washer
The wiper will make 2-3 complete sweeps after lever is released.
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Tailgate window wiper/washer
(wagon)
The tailgate window wiper/washer is operated by a switch at the end of the wiper lever.
1. The wiper operates continuously.
2. Intermittent position: the wiper strokes approximately every 10 seconds.
3. Tailgate washer (note that the wiper also operates when this button is depressed):
After the button is released the wiper strokes 2-3 additional times before stopping.
The electrical circuit is protected by fuse 19, located in the central electrical unit. See the section entitled
"Fuses".
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Adjusting washer nozzles
The washer jets should spray the windshield as shown. Use the edge of a small screwdriver to adjust the
nozzles, if necessary.
Washer fluid reservoir
The washer fluid reservoir is located in the engine compartments and holds approx. 0.5 US gal. (2 liters)
- sedans and 0.8 US gal (3.2 liters) - wagons.
During cold weather, the reservoir should be filled with windshield washer solvent containing antifreeze.
pg. 16 Cruise control
Cruise control
The cruise control switches are located on the turn signal switch lever.
To engage and set desired speed:
· Set switch (B) to
.
· Accelerate to desired cruise speed.
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NOTE: The cruise control cannot be engaged at speeds below 22 mph (35
km).
· Depress SET button (A).
Braking
This will automatically disengage the cruise control. Previously selected cruise control speed is retained
in the memory and by momentarily setting the switch to RESUME position that speed will be reengaged.
If the cruise control is already engaged, the cruising speed can be increased by depressing the SET
button (A). The vehicle will then maintain the current speed.
NOTE:
When driving on a grade, actual vehicle speed may vary slightly from the set cruise control
speed.
Acceleration
Momentary acceleration, such as for passing, does not interrupt cruise control operation. The previously
selected speed will be maintained without having to set switch to RESUME.
To disengage the cruise control system : set switch (B) to position
, or depress the brake pedal.
Switching off the starting (ignition) switch will automatically disengage the cruise control system.
WARNING! The cruise control should not be used in heavy traffic or when driving on wet or slippery
roads.
If the gear shift is moved to Neutral while the cruise control is engaged, then depress the brake pedal
momentarily, or set the cruise control switch (B) to
. This will disengage the cruise control and
prevent overreving the engine.
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Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 17 Rear fog lights, Front fog lights, Lighting
Headlights and parking lights
All lights off *
Parking lights ON. With the headlight switch in this position, the parking lights will stay ON.
Headlights and parking lights are ON, if starting (ignition) switch is in position I or II. If the
headlight switch is in this position, all lights will go out when the starting (ignition), switch is turned
OFF. Change from high to low beam (and vice versa) by moving the turn signal switch lever on the left
side off the steering column toward the steering wheel.
Canada only: (On models with day running lights)
The low beams will come on automatically when the engine is started.
The high beams can only be switched on if the headlight switch is in position
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Front and rear foglamps
The switch has two settings:
1) Front foglights ON.
2) Front and rear foglamps ON.
When both front and rear foglamps are turned on both indicators lamps will light. The rear fog lights are
considerably brighter than the normal tail lights and should be used only when atmospheric conditions,
such as fog, rain, snow, smoke or dust reduce the daytime or nighttime visibility of other vehicles to less
than 500 ft. (152 meters). The low-beam headlights must be switched on . Note that local regulations
governing the use of these lights may vary.
pg. 18 Setting clock, Instrument illumination, Power antenna
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Instrument illumination
To increase the brightness, move the slide switch up.
To decrease the brightness, move the slide switch down.
Setting clock
> Forward
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< Backward
Power antenna
The power antenna switch can be used to retract the antenna when the audio system is turned on. This
will permit operation of the cassette drive with the antenna in the down position.
CAUTION: Always lower the antenna when entering a garage or car wash to avoid antenna
damage.
The antenna mast should be cleaned and lubricated at every oil change 5000 miles (8000 km).
pg. 19 Rear window demister, Heated front seats
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Rear window demister, heated side-view mirrors
Depress the switch to start heating of rear window and side mirrors. Both orange control lights in the
switch will illuminate. A timer switches off the side mirror heating after approx. 6 minutes and the rear
window demister after 12 minutes. The control lights go out correspondingly.
Depressing the switch while any control light is on will disengage all heating. Depressing the switch
after the control lights have gone out will restart the heating cycle.
CAUTION: Do not place items that may damage the printed circuit against the inner surface of the
rear window.
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Heated front seats
The heated front seats can be switched on and off as required. When switched on, the system senses the
ambient temperature and regulates the level of heat applied. When the optimum temperature is reached,
the heating is switched off automatically. The passenger seat is only heated when occupied.
pg. 20 Parking brake, Cigarette lighter, Ash trays
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Parking brake (hand brake)
The lever is situated between the front seats. The brake is applied to the rear wheels.
WARNING!
Always use the parking brake (hand brake) when parking. On hills, also turn the front wheels toward
the curb.
In order to obtain the best possible performance of the parking brake, the brake linings should be broken
in (See section titled "Break-in period").
Cigarette lighter
To operate, depress the knob fully. When the knob automatically releases, the cigarette lighter is ready
for use.
The starting (ignition) switch must be switched on (to position I or II) for the cigarette lighter to
function.
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Ash trays
To remove the ash trays depress the center spring and remove.
pg. 21 Electrically operated windows
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Electrically-operated windows
The electrically operated windows are controlled by switches from the driver's armrest as shown in the
above illustration.
The starting (ignition) switches must be ON (position II) for the electrically operated windows to
function. The window is lowered if the rear part of the switch is pressed and raised if the front part of the
switch is pressed.
WARNING! Remove the starting (ignition) key when children are left unattended in the
vehicle.
NOTE: The power window motors have an overload protecting circuit breaker which is activated
when an object blocks a window. Should this occur, remove the object and wait 20 seconds for the
circuit breaker to reset. The power windows should then function normally.
Cut-out switch for electrically-operated rear-door windows
If the car is equipped with rear door windows, this function can be disabled by a switch located on the
driver's door armrest. This switch is positioned 90° in relation to the other switches.
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The rear door windows can be raised or lowered with the respective door switch as well as the
switch on the driver's door.
The rear door windows cannot be raised or lowered with the respective door switch but instead only
with the corresponding switch on the driver's door.
Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 22 Heating and ventilation
ECC - Electronic Climate Control
This is an automatic system that also permits manual operation. The in-car temperature is automatically monitored by two sensors
located in the passenger compartment.
One sensor is located on the top of the dashboard where it can sense sunlight. The second sensor is located on the courtesy light
fixture where it can sense the temperature in the center of the car. The following pages describe how ECC works and how it can be
used most effectively.
Air louvers (dash)
A Open
B Closed
C Directing air flow horizontally
D Directing air flow vertically
pg. 23 Heating, ventilation and air conditioning
ECC - Electronic Climate Control panel
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Fan
Temperature dial
Function selector
0=off
5 = max speed
aut = fan speed automatically regulated
aut = Set desired function
Set desired
temperature
Air conditioning disengaged when this button is in the
depressed position.
The light has two functions:
Air in the passenger compartment recirculates.
Will not function in defrost setting. Light is on when function is engaged.
●
●
air conditioning disengaged
fault in system
Function selector
aut aut=air distribution automatically regulated
Air through panel vents
Defrost. Air to windshield and side windows.
Air to floor, windshield and side windows.
Air through floor vents.
Bi-level. Air through floor and panel vents. Air supplied from panel vents is lightly colder than air released at foot level.
pg. 24 Heating and ventilation
Automatic setting
The ECC system will automatically maintain a comfortable in-car temperature regardless of the outdoor temperature.
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Select the desired temperature
The fan will run at its maximum speed in either the max cooling or max heating positions.
Optimum defrosting
Set the function dial to
.
The air conditioning light will go on, even if the button is not depressed, to indicate that the air conditioning system is also
activated to dehumidify the air.
When the windows have cleared, set the fan control to position 2.
NOTE:
The air conditioning compressor only engages at temperatures above 41° F (5° C).
Always keep the air intake grille at the base of the windshield free of snow.
Operating Tips
*When the outside air is contaminated with exhaust gases, smoke etc. (as when driving through a tunnel), push the recirculation
button
. In this position, very little air is drawn into the passenger compartment from outside. However, do not leave the
system in this mode for more than 10-15 minutes, since the air inside the car will become stale and the windows may fog.
NOTE: Do not place any objects over the sensor in the passenger side speaker grille as this will cause the ECC system to respond
incorrectly to ambient conditions.
ECC system fault indication
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If the light in the air conditioning push button begins to flash when the ignition is switched on, a simple fault is indicated. The
system will compensate by substituting a standard value stored in the memory. System performance loss will be slight.
If the light continues to flash more than 20 seconds, a more serious fault is indicated. While the system will again attempt to
substitute a standard value, some reduction in system performance will become apparent. Contact your authorized Volvo dealer for
service.
pg. 25 Audio Cassette/Tuner controls and indicators
Operating instructions
For complete operating instructions, maintenance guidelines, and specifications, please consult your Audio Cassette/Tuner
Instruction Booklet. The Booklet also contains information on radio reception and the radio antenna.
Radio antenna mast
NOTE: Always lower the antenna mast when entering an automatic car
wash.
The antenna should be cleaned and lubricated every 5,000 miles (8,000 km).
Multipath Distortion
FM Signals are typically "line-of-sight", and very reflective. Their reflectivity to objects such as buildings, mountains, even other
passing vehicles, causes the condition known as multipath distortion. This distortion is the result of the reflected signal, and the
direct signal reaching your antenna at slightly different times causing a cancellation of all signals. This condition will sound like
hissing, or static. Very little can be done to eliminate this problem, however, lowering the treble on your radio could help mask
these disturbances thereby allowing you to achieve optimum pleasure from your audio system.
pg. 26 Front seats
Electrically operated front seats
The front seats are electrically operated. using the switches on the side of the seats you can adjust:
- the height of the seat (rear)
- the height of the seat (front)
- the forward-backward movement
- the backrest tilt
NOTE: The electrically operated front seats have an overload protector which engages if an object blocks either of the seats. If
this happens remove the object and wait 20 seconds. The overload protector should then have cooled down and the power seats
should function normally.
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WARNING:
Do not adjust seat while driving.
The seat should be adjusted so that the brake pedal can be depressed
fully.
Contents | Top of Page
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Body and interior
pg. 27 Body and interior
The sun roof, seat belts, etc. are described on the following pages.
pg. 28 Rear-view/side-view mirrors
pg. 29 Interior light, sun roof
pg. 30 Child safety
pg. 32 Seat belts
pg. 34 Supplemental Restraint System
pg. 36 Doors and locks
pg. 38 Trunk, spare tire, jack, long load storage (sedan)
pg. 39 Hood
pg. 40 Passenger compartment, storage spaces
pg. 41 Station wagon tailgate, storage spaces
pg. 43 Folding rear seat (wagon)
pg. 45 Cargo space lighting, spare tire, jack (wagon)
pg. 28 Rear-/side-view mirrors, Vanity mirror
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Rear-view mirror
A Normal position
B Night position, reduces glare from following headlights
CAUTION: Never use ice scrapers made of metal as they can easily scratch the mirror
surface.
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Electrically-operated side-view mirrors
The control switches are located in the driver's door armrest.
A Adjustment sideways
B Adjustment up/down
WARNING!
Objects seen in the wide-angle right side-view mirror are closer than they appear to
be.
The mirrors should always be adjusted prior to driving.
Vanity mirror
The make-up mirror is located on the right-side sun visor.
Both lamps light up when the cover is opened.
pg. 29 Interior light, Sun roof
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Interior light
1 Light always on.
2 Light always off
3 Light is on when either of the front or rear doors are opened.
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Rear reading lights
Rear seat passengers can turn the rear reading lights on or off by using the adjacent switches.
A ON
B OFF
NOTE: In case of a sun roof malfunction, see "Emergency sun roof
operation".
Electrically-operated sun roof
The switch for operating the sun roof is located on the instrument panel. The starting (ignition) key must
first be turned to the drive position.
The sun roof can be operated in two ways; as a conventional sliding roof; or the rear edge can be raised
to provide increased ventilation. To open the sun roof as a sliding roof, depress the top portion of the
switch. To raise the rear edge of the sun roof, depress the bottom portion of the switch.
To close the sun roof, depress the side of the rocker switch opposite the side used to open the roof.
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Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 30 Child safety
Child Restraint Anchorages
Volvo cars are fitted with Child Restraint Top Tether Anchorages in the rear seat. There are three
anchorages under the rear section of the car's rear window shelf on sedans and on the back rest on
wagons. The backrest on wagons must be folded down slightly to reach the anchorages. When the car is
delivered, the holes for these anchorages are covered by plastic covers. In cars designated for Canada,
one top tether anchorage set will be in the glove box. The top tether anchorage set includes the top tether
anchorage plate, an M8 bolt 30 mm (1.18") long and a plastic trim cover. If another set is needed,
consult your Volvo dealer.
Installing the top tether
Remove the plastic cover on the anchorage point you want to use. This can be done with a suitable coin.
The screw is removed counter-clockwise. Place the top tether anchorage plate as shown in the
illustration. Using the M8 bolt, tighten securely, to 16+/- 2.5 ft-lb. Place the plastic trim plate over the
anchorage plate, if desired.
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WARNING! Child Restraint Anchorages are designed to withstand only those loads imposed by
correctly fitted Child Restraints. Under no circumstances are they to be used for adult seat belts or
harnesses.
The anchorages are not able to withstand excessive forces on them in the event of collision if full
harness seat belts or adult seat belts are installed to them. An adult who uses a belt anchored in a Child
Restraint Anchorage runs a great risk of suffering severe injuries should a collision occur.
Child safety
Volvo recommends the proper use of restraint systems for all occupants including children. Remember
that, regardless of age and size, a child should always be properly restrained in a car.
Restraint systems for children are designed to be secured in the vehicle by lap belts or the lap portion of
a lap-shoulder belt. Such child restraint systems can help protect children in cars in the event of an
accident only if they are used properly. However, children could be endangered in a crash if the child
restraints are not properly secured in the vehicle.
Failure to follow the installation instructions for your child restraint can result in your child striking the
vehicle's interior in a sudden stop. Holding a child in your arms is NOT a suitable substitute for a child
restraint system. In an accident, a child held in a person's arms can be crushed between the vehicle's
interior and an unrestrained person. The child could also be injured by striking the interior, or by being
ejected from the vehicle during a sudden maneuver or impact. The same can also happen if the infant or
child rides unrestrained on the seat. Other occupants should also be properly restrained to help reduce
the chance of injuries or increasing the injury of a child.
All states and provinces have legislation governing how and where children should be carried in car.
Find out the regulations existing in your state or province. Recent accident statistics have shown that
children are safer in rear seating positions than front seating positions when properly restrained.
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A child restraint system can help protect a child in a vehicle. Here's what to look for when selecting a
child restraint system:
It should have a label certifying that it meets applicable Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards
(FMVSS 213-80) - or in Canada, CMVSS 213.
Make sure the child restraint system is approved for the child's height, weight and development - the
label required by the standard or regulation, or instructions for infant restraints, typically provide this
information.
In using any child restraint system, we urge you to look carefully over the instructions that are provided
with the restraint. Be sure you understand them and can use the device properly and safely in this
vehicle. A misused child restraint system can result in increased injuries for both the infant or child and
other occupants in the vehicle.
If your child restraint requires a top tether strap, consult your authorized Volvo dealer for top tether
anchorage and installation information.
When a child has outgrown the child safety seat (approximately age 4-5 years, depending on size) you
should use the rear seat with the standard seat belt fastened. The best way to help protect the child here
is to place the child on a cushion so that the seat belt is properly located on the hips.
A specially designed and tested safety cushion for this purpose can be obtained from your Volvo dealer.
If necessary, an extra seat is available for use in the luggage compartment of station wagon models. This
seat is designed for two children, each up to 88 lbs. and up to 53 inches in height.
pg. 32 Seat belts
Seat belts
Always fasten the seat belts before you drive or ride.
Two lights above the rear view mirror will be illuminated for 4-8 seconds after the starting (ignition) key
is turned to the driving position. One light is located in the instrument panel and one in the console
between the front seats.
A chime will sound at the same time if the driver has not fastened his seat belt. The rear seats are
provided with self-retracting inertia reel belts. The front seats are provided with twin roller belts.
To buckle:
Pull the belt out far enough to insert the latch plate into the receptacle (buckle for rear seats) until a
distinct snapping sound is heard.
The seat belt retractor is normally "unlocked" and you can move freely, provided that the shoulder belt is
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not pulled out too far. The retractor will lock up as follows:
● if the belt is pulled out rapidly
● during braking and acceleration
● if the vehicle is leaning excessively
● when driving in turns
In order for the seat belt to provide maximum protection in the event of an accident, it must be worn
correctly. When wearing remember:
● The belt should not be twisted or turned.
● The lap belt must be positioned low on the hips (not pressing against the abdomen). Make sure that
the shoulder belt is rolled up into its retractor and that the shoulder and lap belts are taut.
To unfasten, depress red pushbutton in receptacle (buckle) and let the belts rewind into their retractors.
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Before exiting the car, check that the seat belt retracts fully after being unbuckled. If necessary, guide
the belt back into the retractor slot.
pg. 33 Seat belts (cont.)
Center-rear belt adjustment
The center-rear seat belt is manually adjustable. It should always be adjusted to fit snugly across the lap.
Maintenance
Check periodically that the anchor bolts are secure and that the belts are in good condition.
Use water and a mild detergent for cleaning.
Check seat belt mechanism function as follows:
Attach the seat belt. Pull rapidly on the strap.
In the above checks you should not be able to pull the belt out.
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During pregnancy
Pregnant women should always wear seat belts. Remember that the belt should always be positioned in
such a way as to avoid any possible pressure on the abdomen. The lap portion of the belt should be
located low, as shown in the above illustration.
NOTE:
Legislation in your state or province may mandate seat belt
usage.
WARNING! Never use a seat belt for more than one occupant.
Never wear the shoulder portion of the belt under the arm, behind the back or otherwise out of
position.
Such use could cause injury in event of accident.
As the seat belts lose much of their strength when exposed to violent stretching, they should be
replaced after any collision, even though they may appear to be undamaged.
Never repair the belt on your own; have this done by an authorized Volvo dealer only.
pg. 34 Supplemental Restraint System
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As an enhancement to the three-point seat belt system, some 1990 Volvos are equipped with a
Supplemental Restraint System (SRS). The Volvo SRS consists of a driver's side airbag with a driver's
side knee bolster. The system is designed to supplement the protection provided by the three-point seat
belt system.
The interior of an SRS-equipped Volvo looks very much the same as any other. The only indications of
the system's presence are the "SRS" embossed on the steering wheel pad, and the knee bolster beneath
the steering column.
The airbag is folded and located in the center of the steering wheel. It is released only during certain
frontal or front-angular collisions in which the forces sustained by the car are equivalent to an impact
into a rigid barrier of approximately 12 mph (19 kph).
WARNING!
As its name implies, SRS is designed to be a SUPPLEMENT to - not a replacement for - the threepoint belt system. The airbag is designed not to be released in the event of a side or rear-end collision,
or during a rollover situation. For maximum protection, wear seat belts at all times. Be aware that no
system can prevent all possible injuries that may occur in an accident.
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The airbag system includes a gas generator (1) surrounded by the airbag itself (2). In the event of a
frontal or certain front-angular collision in which the forces sustained by the car equivalent to impacting
a rigid barrier of approximately 12 mph (19kph), the sensor (3) activates the gas generators causing the
airbags to be inflated with nitrogen gas. As the movement of the driver compresses the airbag some of
the gas is expelled at a controlled rate to provide better cushioning.
The entire process, including inflation and deflation of the airbags, takes approximately two-tenths of a
second.
WARNING!
When installing any optional equipment make sure that the SRS system is not damaged. Do not
attempt to service any component of the SRS yourself. Attempting to do so may result in serious
personal injury. If a problem arises, take your car to the nearest authorized Volvo Dealer for inspection
as soon as possible.
pg. 35 Supplemental Restraint System
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A self-diagnostic system incorporated in the sensor monitors the SRS. If a fault is detected, the "SRS"
warning light will illuminate. The light is included in the warning/indicator light cluster in the
instrument panel. Normally, the SRS warning lamp will be illuminated along with the other warning/
indicator lights when the ignition key is turned to the ON position (position II), and go out a short time
after the engine has been started. Check that this light is functioning properly every time the car is
started.
The following items are monitored by the diagnostic system:
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Sensor unit electronics integrity
Reserve energy supply
Diagnostic output circuit
System voltage
Integrity of system connectors
Mercury switch closure
Gas generator ignitor
WARNING! If the SRS warning light stays on after the engine has started or if it comes on while you
are driving, drive the car to the nearest authorized Volvo Dealer for inspection as soon as possible.
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ATTENTION!
THIS CAR IS EQUIPPED WITH A SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT SYSTEM. TO PROVIDE
CONTINUED RELIABILITY, CERTAIN ELEMENTS OF THE SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT
SYSTEM SHALL BE SERVICED OR REPLACED WITHIN 10 YEARS AFTER THE DATE OF
MANUFACTURE APPEARS ON THE CERTIFICATION LABEL (FMVSS-LABEL) LOCATED
ON THE LEFT FRONT DOOR, SEE OWNER'S MANUAL FOR FURTHER INFORMATION.
VOLVO
This decal can be found in the center console.
There is no maintenance to perform on the SRS yourself. The only periodic maintenance recommended
on the SRS is that the air bag module and the sensor unit should be replaced approximately every ten
years and that the other components in the system (wiring, connectors, etc.) should also be inspected at
this time. This service must be performed by an authorized Volvo dealer.
Should you have any questions about the SRS system, please contact your authorized Volvo Dealer or
Consumer Affairs Department:
In the U.S.A.:
Volvo Cars of North America
One Volvo Drive,
Rockleigh, New Jersey 07647
In Canada:
Volvo Canada Ltd.
175 Gordon Baker Road
Willowdale, Ontario M2H2N7
Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 36 Doors and locks
Door locks
The vehicle is equipped with a central locking system. This means the lock on the driver's door controls
the locks on the other doors (including the trunk or, on wagon models, the tailgate) automatically.
If the driver's door is locked or unlocked from the outside using the key, the other doors will be locked
or unlocked automatically.
To lock/unlock the car by using the lock button on the inside of the driver's door, push/pull to lock/
unlock all the doors. Check the action of the buttons on the other doors to verify their correct function
(lock/unlock). The driver's door can be locked only by using the key when outside the vehicle.
WARNING!
The lock buttons should not be in the down position during driving. In case of an accident, this may
hinder rapid access to the occupants of the vehicle. (Also see information on "child safety locks" on
next page).
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To avoid battery drain
The interior light and the warning lights in the rear of the doors come on when a door is opened.
To avoid battery drain when the doors are opened for prolonged periods, these lights can be switched off
by pushing in and turning the door light switches slightly clockwise. When the door is closed the switch
will return to its normal position.
pg. 37 Child safety locks, Trunk lid (sedan)
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Child safety locks
The buttons are located on the rear door jambs.
A The door lock functions normally.
B The door cannot be opened from the inside.
Normal operation from outside.
WARNING!
Remember, in the event of an accident, the rear seat passengers cannot open the doors from the inside
with the buttons in position B .
Trunk lid
The trunk lock is incorporated in the central locking system. This means that you can either lock or
unlock the trunk by means of driver's door lock.
You can also operate the trunk lock directly with the master key even if the vehicle is centrally locked.
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Unlocking
Locking
Withdraw key in vertical position.
The trunk lock can also be disconnected from the central locking system by turning the key
counterclockwise as shown below:
Withdraw key in horizontal position.
The trunk is now always locked.
This option can be used if for example, you lend your car to somebody. If you give only the service key
to the driver it will not be possible to open the trunk.
To reconnect the lock to the central locking system:
Withdraw key in vertical position
pg. 38 Trunk, Spare tire, Long load storage (sedan)
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Trunk light
A Light always off.
B Light is on when trunk lid is opened.
Long load storage
In the panel behind the rear seat is a door which makes it possible to carry long loads such as skis, etc.
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WARNING!
Cover sharp edges on load to help prevent injury to occupants. Secure load to help prevent shifting
during sudden stops by wrapping seat belt around armrest as shown.
Protective covers (for skis) should also be used to avoid soiling or tearing the upholstery.
Please note that the flap in the rear seat is only intended for light loads such as skis, wood etc.
Max. length of load 6 1/2 ft =2 m.
Max. weight of load 33 lbs = 15 kg.
WARNING!
Always turn engine off and apply parking brake when loading/unloading the vehicle. Place
transmission selector in P (PARK) position to help prevent inadvertent movement of selector.
pg. 39 Hood, Engine compartment light
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To open the hood
Pull the release handle (located under the left side of the dash).
Lift the hood slightly, insert a hand under the center line of the hood and depress the safety catch handle.
Open the hood.
Check that the hood locks properly when closed.
The hood opens normally to an angle of approximately 55°. To open it to a completely vertical position,
press both red catches upward as shown in the illustration. Make sure that catches return to their normal
position.
When closing the hood, lift it slightly first and then press the catches downward.
Use caution in garages with low roofs.
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Engine compartment light
A the light is always off
B the light comes on when the hood is opened
Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 40 Storage spaces
WARNING!
Packages on the rear window shelf can obscure vision and may become dangerous projectiles in the event of a sudden stop or an
accident.
pg. 41 Tailgate, Child safety lock (wagon)
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Opening the tailgate
Tailgate
To unlock - turn the key clockwise and allow it to spring back.
To lock - turn the key counter-clockwise and allow it to spring back.
NOTE: If the vehicle has a central locking system the tailgate will be unlocked and locked at the same time as the driver's
door.
The tailgate is opened by pressing up the catch on the handle.
Opening from the inside
To open the tailgate from the inside of the vehicle move the lever to the left and push outwards.
The handle can be used to close the tailgate from the inside (see illustration).
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WARNING!
Do not drive with trunk lid or tailgate open!
Poisonous exhaust gases may enter via the open trunk lid or
tailgate.
Location and setting of child safety lock
Child Safety lock
The tailgate incorporates a safety catch which is located to the side of the lock.
A the tailgate functions normally
B the tailgate cannot be opened from the inside.
pg. 42 Concealed storage bins, Tool box, Folding rear seat (wagon)
Opening the small storage bin
Concealed storage bins
There are 3 storage bins under the floor of the cargo space; the largest bin can be locked with a key.
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The lid of the largest storage bin is hinged in the middle.
Tool box
Tool box
The tool box can be released by turning the catch.
Folding rear seat; increasing the cargo space
The rear head restraints must be removed before the rear seat can be folded down. This is done by grasping the restraint and lifting
straight up.
pg. 43 Folding rear seat (wagon)
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Seat cushion release lever
Folding rear seat; increasing the cargo space
The rear seat is split 60/40 so that each section can be folded independently.
Straighten front backrests if they are tilted too far to the rear.
Place a hand on the rear of the seat cushion, lift the release lever on the seat cushion, and swing the cushion up and toward the back
of the front seats.
Release lever - backrest
Remove head restraints from rear seat.This is done by grasping the restraint and lifting straight up.
Move the backrest release lever upwards and fold the backrest forward.
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Latches fit into holes
CAUTION : Check that latches under seat cushions engage holes at top edge of
backrest.
Seat belts must be correctly positioned as seat is returned to normal position.
WARNING!
When the rear seat is folded down, do not place heavy objects against the backs of the front seat. This places a severe strain on the
folded down backrest of the rear seat. Cargo must not be stacked higher than the top of seatbacks. This will reduce the possibility
of luggage, etc. becoming projectiles during sudden maneuvers, rapid braking or an accident.
pg. 44 Removing seat cushions, Securing cargo (wagon)
Lift the seat cushion part way and remove the seat.
Removing seat cushions
The seat cushion can be easily removed to provide a slightly larger cargo storage area. To remove: lift seat cushion out of the
hinges.
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WARNING!
Unless the station wagon is equipped with a cargo-compartment seat (Volvo accessory) passengers should not ride in this section
of the car.
WARNING! Do not place extremely heavy articles the front seats, as the backrest which is folded down is then placed under
severe strain.
Be sure to secure cargo. Hard and sharp articles could otherwise damage the frontseat backrest and/or cause injury to passengers
in the event of rapid braking or a collision.
Always secure cargo
Securing cargo
As a safety precaution, the cargo space is equipped with six eyelets to which straps can be attached to secure luggage. Suitable
straps or a cargo net can be purchased from your Volvo dealer.
WARNING! The eyelets are not to be used as passenger
restraints.
pg. 45 Cargo space lighting, Spare tire and jack (wagon)
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Switch positions
Cargo space lighting
There is an extra courtesy light at the rear of the cargo space.
1 Light comes on when the tailgate is opened
2 The light is always OFF
3 The light is always ON
Spare tire and jack
Spare tire
Jack
Crank
Spare tire and jack
The spare tire and the jack are located beneath the floor mat in the large storage bin.
Always secure the spare tire and the jack to prevent them from rattling.
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pg. 46 is blank
Contents | Top of Page
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Starting and driving, Break-in period
pg. 47 Starting and driving
Starting and driving
This section on starting and driving contains items such as starting the engine, operating gear selector,
towing, trailers.
pg. 48 Break-in period
pg. 49 Fuel requirements, Refueling
pg. 50 Economical driving
pg. 51 Starting the engine
pg. 52 Automatic Transmission
pg. 54 Points to remember
pg. 57 Emergency towing
pg. 58 Vehicle towing information
pg. 59 Starting with an auxiliary battery
pg. 60 Catalytic Converter
pg. 61 Brakes
pg. 62 Towing a trailer
pg. 63 Winter driving
pg. 64 Before a long distance trip
pg. 65 Vehicle storage
pg. 48 Break-in period, Fuel requirements
A new car should be broken-in!
Refrain from utilizing your car's full driving potential during the first 1,200 miles (2,000 km).
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Automatic transmission
Do not use "kick-down" during the first 1,200 miles (2,000 km).
Breaking-in parking brake
(hand brake)
To obtain best parking brake performance, the brake linings should be broken-in. Stop 5-7 times from 30
mph (50 km/h), transmission in neutral, applying the parking brake with the release button pressed in
during the stop.
The force must not lock the rear wheels. If this happens, release the brake enough to let the wheels
rotate. Drive a mile between each stop to cool the brakes. Check for proper parking brake operation.
Carbons deposit build-up
Your engine has been designed for peak performance and smooth operation. The fuel you plays a major
role on how your engine will function. With the many variations of fuel available, it is important that
detergent blend fuels be used to reduce the risk of intake valve carbon deposit build-up and clogged fuel
injectors. Both of these conditions will rob your engine of the very thing it has been designed for,
performance and smooth operation.
Note:
Volvo does not recommend the use of fuel additives as they can adversely affect engine
performance.
WARNING!
The brake lights are illuminated when applying the parking brake. To warn traffic from behind it is
therefore advisable to depress the brake pedal slightly to illuminate the brake lights.
pg. 49 Fuel requirements, Refueling
Unleaded Fuel
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Each Volvo has a three-way catalytic converter and must use only unleaded gasoline. U.S. and Canadian
regulations require that pumps delivering unleaded gasoline be labeled "UNLEADED". Only these
pumps have nozzles which fit your car's filler inlet. It is unlawful to dispense leaded fuel into a vehicle
labeled "unleaded gasoline only". Leaded gasoline damages the three-way catalytic converter and the
heated oxygen sensor system. Repeated use of leaded gasoline will lessen the effectiveness of the
emission control system and could result in loss of emission warranty coverage. State and local vehicle
inspection programs will make detection of misfueling easier, possibly resulting in emission test failure
for misfueled vehicles.
Octane Rating
Volvo recommends the use of unleaded gasoline with an (R+M)/2 octane rating (also called the AntiKnock Index, or AKI) of 91 or higher. This is generally equivalent to a Research Octane Number (RON)
of 95 or higher.
The minimum octane requirement is AKI 87 (RON 91).
Turbo models should be run on RON 95 fuel only.
Detergent Or Injector Cleaning Gasoline
The use of specially formulated gasoline which contains so called "detergent" or "injector cleaning"
additives is allowed and recommended by Volvo. The use of these detergent effective in reducing the
build up of certain injector deposits.
Gasoline Containing Alcohol
Some fuel suppliers sell gasoline containing alcohol without advertising the presence of alcohol. If you
are not sure whether there is alcohol in the gasoline you buy, check with the service station operator.
Blends of unleaded gasoline and ethanol (ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol), sometimes called "gasohol", are
available in some areas. Gasohol, if used, must contain no more than 10 percent ethanol and must have
an (R+M)/2 ratings of 87 or higher. If you experience problems with starting, driveability, or fuel
economy with gasohol, you should discontinue its use.
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CAUTION:
Take care not to spill gasoline during refueling. Gasolines containing alcohol can cause damage to
painted surfaces, which may not be covered under the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Do not use gasolines containing methanol (methyl alcohol, wood alcohol). This practice can result in
vehicle performance deterioration and can damage critical parts in the fuel system. Such damage may
not be covered under the NEW VEHICLE LIMITED WARRANTY.
Refueling
The fuel tank filler cap is located behind the door on the left rear fender. Open cap slowly during hot
weather conditions.
When filling, position the cap in the special bracket on the door.
After filling the tank, install the cap and turn until a "click" is heard.
The fuel tank is designed to hold approximately 21.1 US gal (80 liters), with sufficient volume left over
to accommodate possible expansion of the fuel in hot weather. Be aware that the "usable" tank capacity
will be somewhat less than the specified maximum. When the fuel level is low, such factors as ambient
temperature, the fuel's "vapor pressure" characteristics, and terrain can affect the fuel pumps' ability to
supply the engine with an adequate supply of fuel. Therefore, it is advisable to refuel as soon as possible
when the needle nears the red zone, or when the fuel warning light comes on.
pg. 50 Driving economy
Economical driving does not necessarily mean driving slowly
Better driving economy may be obtained by thinking ahead, avoiding rapid starts and stops and
adjusting the speed of your vehicle to immediate traffic conditions. Observe the following rules:
Bring the engine to normal operating temperature as soon as possible by driving with a light foot on
the accelerator pedal
for the first minutes of operation. A cold engine uses more fuel and is subject to increased wear.
● Whenever possible, avoid using the car for driving short distances. This does not allow the engine to
reach normal
operating temperature.
● Drive carefully and avoid rapid acceleration and hard braking.
● Do not exceed speed limit.
● Avoid carrying unnecessary items (extra load) in the car.
● Check tire pressure regularly (check when tires are cold).
● Remove snow tires when threat of snow or ice has ended.
●
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Note that roof racks, ski racks, etc., increase air resistance and thereby fuel consumption.
● Turbo: try to keep the boost pressure gauge in the black range.
● Utilize overdrive at speeds above approx. 45 mph (70 km/h)
● Avoid using automatic transmission kick-down feature unless necessary.
● Avoid using the air conditioning when it is not required. When engaged, the air conditioner's
compressor places an
additional load on the engine.
●
Other factors which decrease gas mileage are:
● Worn or dirty spark plugs
● Incorrect spark plug gap
● Dirty air filter
● Incorrect valve clearance
● Dirty engine oil and clogged oil filter
● Dragging brakes
● Incorrect front end alignment
● Low tire pressure
Some of the above mentioned items and others are checked at the standard Maintenance Service
intervals.
pg. 51 Starting the engine, Turbo caution
Starting and stopping a car equipped with automatic transmission.
1 Fasten the seat belt.
WARNING! Before starting, check that the seat is adjusted properly. Make sure the brake pedal can be
depressed completely. Move the seat closer if necessary. Refer to section "Front seats".
2 Apply the parking brake, if not already set. Depress the brake pedal firmly.
3 Place the gear selector lever in Park (or Neutral).
4 Without touching the accelerator pedal, turn the ignition key to the starting position. Release the key as
soon as the engine starts.
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Avoid repeated short attempts to start (fuel is injected every time the starter is engaged when engine is
cold). Allow the starter to operate for a longer time (but no more than 15-20 seconds).
Do not race a cold engine immediately after starting. Oil flow may not reach some lubricating points fast
enough to prevent engine damage.
5 Select desired gear. The gear engages after a slight delay, especially noticeable when selecting R.
CAUTION:
Engine should be idling; never accelerate until after you feel the gear engage! Too-rapid acceleration
immediately after selecting a gear will cause harsh engagement and premature transmission wear.
NOTE: Selecting position P or N when idling at a standstill for prolonged periods of time will help
prevent overheating of transmission oil.
6 Release the brakes and accelerate.
To stop the car, release the accelerator pedal and apply the brakes.
WARNING!
Always place gear selector securely in Park and apply parking brake before leaving vehicle. Never
leave car unattended with engine running.
Always open the garage doors fully before starting the engine inside a garage to ensure adequate
ventilation. The exhaust gases contain carbon monoxide, which is invisible and odorless but very
poisonous.
Engine warm-up - initial driving procedure
Experience shows that engines in vehicles driven short distances are subject to abnormally-rapid wear
because the engine never reaches normal operating temperature. It is therefore beneficial to reach normal
operating temperature as soon as possible. This is best achieved by driving with a light foot on the
accelerator pedal for a few minutes after starting, rather than prolonged idling.
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Turbo caution
Never race the engine immediately after starting . Oil flow may not reach some lubricating points fast
enough to prevent engine damage.
Before switching off the engine, let it operate at idle for a short time to allow the spinning of the turbocompressor's turbine vanes to slow. After hard driving, this idle time should last a couple of minutes,
during which the vanes will slow and the compressor will cool down while still receiving lubrication.
If the turbine vanes are spinning at high speeds when the engine is switched off, there is a great risk of
heat damage and/or turbine seizure due to lack of lubrication.
Do not race the engine just prior to switching off!
Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 52 Automatic transmission
Gear selector positions
P park
R reverse
N neutral
D drive
2 intermediate
1 low
P (Park)
Use this position when parked with the engine running or stopped.
WARNING!
Never leave the car when the engine is running, If, by mistake, the gear selector is moved from P the
car may start moving.
Never use P while car is in motion.
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The transmission is mechanically locked when in position P. Also, apply the parking brake when
parking on grades.
R (Reverse)
Never engage R while is moving forward.
N (Neutral)
Neutral position = no gear is engaged. Use parking brake.
Driving gears
D (Drive)
D is the normal driving position. Upshifts and downshifts of the forward gears occur automatically and
are governed by accelerator pedal position and vehicle speed.
2 (intermediate position)
Upshifts and downshifts of first two gears (low and intermediate) occur automatically. No upshift to 3rd
or 4th gear occurs. Position 2 may be used to obtain forced downshift to 2nd gear for increased engine
braking effect.
1 (low position)
If position 1 is selected when driving at high speeds, 2 is engaged first and 1 when the speed has
dropped to approx. 10 mph (50 km/h).
NOTE: No upshift can occur once 1 is
engaged.
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Use position 1 to select low gear when no upshift is desired, for instance, when entering and descending
steep grades.
pg. 53 Automatic transmission (cont.)
Shift gate
The gear selector can be moved freely between D and 2. Selections of other positions are obtained by
depressing the selector knob prior to moving the selector.
Slightly depressing the selector knob allows selection of positions N, D, 2 and 1.
Fully depressing the selector knob allows selection of positions R and P. This is also necessary when
initially bringing the selector out of position P.
Fully depressing the selector knob thus permits shifting freely between all positions.
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4th gear disengagement:
The 4th gear is engaged automatically after the transmission has shifted through 1st, 2nd and 3rd gears
at certain speeds and loads. By pressing in the button at the rear of the selector level, the 4th gear can be
disengaged, thus providing a three-speed transmission. As a reminder the é light on the dashboard
glows. By pressing in the button again, the transmission reverts to four-speed operation and the é light
shuts off.
Disengage the 4th gear when:
- towing a trailer
- driving in mountainous regions.
NOTE: Since using the 4th gear improves fuel economy, it should be used as often as possible in
conditions other than those stated above.
Kick-down
Automatic shift to a lower gear (kick-down) is achieved by depressing the accelerator pedal fully and
briskly.
An up-shift will be achieved when approaching the top speed for a particular gear or by releasing the
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accelerator pedal slightly.
Kick-down can be used for maximum acceleration or when passing at highway speeds.
pg. 54
"Special tips"
For steep hills and when driving for prolonged periods at low speeds, position 1 should be selected.
Avoid, however, repeated changes since this can cause overheating of the transmission oil. For driving
on long continuous uphill gradients, select position 2.
● Select position 1 when descending long, steep downgrades, in order to obtain the best possible engine
braking effect.
● Do not hold the car stationary on an incline by using the accelerator pedal. Instead, apply the hand
brake (parking brake). This prevents the transmission oil from becoming overheated.
● When towing a trailer, disengage 4th gear (the indicator light on the instrument panel illuminates).
●
Cooling system
The risk for overheating is greatest, especially in hot weather, when:
● towing a trailer up steep inclines for prolonged periods at wide open throttle and low engine rpm.
● idling for prolonged periods while the air conditioning is in operation.
● stopping the engine suddenly after high speed driving (so-called "after-boiling" can occur).
To avoid overheating, the following rules should be followed:
● Reduce speed and downshift when towing a trailer up long, steep inclines. The risk of overheating can
be reduced by switching off the air conditioning system for a short time.
● Do not let the engine idle unnecessarily for prolonged periods.
● Do not stop the engine immediately after high-speed driving, but instead, allow the engine to idle for
1/2-1 minute before
switching off.
When the risk of overheating is imminent, or in the event of overheating, (the temperature gauge goes
repeatedly into, or stays continually in, the red section) the following precautions should be taken:
● Switch off the air conditioning system.
● Stop the car and put the gear lever into neutral (position N). Do not stop the engine!
● If the vehicle is overheating, switch the heater to full (maximum) position.
● Increase the engine speed to approx. 2000 rpm (twice idling speed).
● Check the level of coolant in the expansion tank. Top-up, if necessary. See "Cooling System".
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WARNING! Do not drive with trunk lid or tailgate open!
Poisonous exhaust gases may enter via the open trunk lid or tailgate.
If the trunk lid/tailgate must be kept open for any reason, proceed as follows:
●
Close the windows
●
Set the ventilation system control to
and fan control to its highest
setting.
Driving through standing water
CAUTION: Drive slowly and carefully if going through standing water (i.e. flooded roadways, etc.).
Damage to engine could result if excess water is ingested through the air intake system.
Never drive the vehicle in water deeper than 1 foot (300 mm).
pg. 55 Points to remember (cont.)
Electrical system
When replacing the battery or when carrying out work involving the electrical system, the following
should be observed:
● A battery connection to the wrong terminal will damage the diodes. Before connections are made,
check the polarity of the
battery with a voltmeter.
● If booster batteries are used for starting, they must be properly connected to minimize the risk of the
diode being damaged.
For correct connection, see "Jump starting" section.
● Never disconnect the battery circuit (for example, to replace the battery) while the engine is running,
as this will immediately
ruin the generator. Always make sure that all the battery connections are properly tightened.
● If any electrical/welding work is performed on the vehicle, the battery's ground lead (negative cable)
and all the connecting
cables of the generator must be disconnected and the welder cables placed as near the welding point as
possible.
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WARNING!
The Supplemental Restraint System is grounded under the driver's seat. Do not loosen the two screws
grounding the unit. Do not ground other electrical components using these screws or any other points
near them. Faults in the system could occur if it is improperly grounded.
pg. 56 Points to remember
Weight distribution affects handling
At the specified curb weight your car has a tendency to understeer, which means that the steering wheel
has to be turned more than might seem appropriate for the curvature of a bend. This ensures good
stability and reduces the risk of rear wheel skid. Remember that these properties can alter with the
vehicle load. The heavier the load in the trunk, the less the tendency to understeer.
Handling, roadholding
Vehicle load, tire design, and inflation pressure, all affect vehicle handling. Therefore, check that the
tires are inflated to the recommended pressure according to the vehicle load. See "Tire pressure" section.
Loads should be distributed so that capacity weight or maximum permissible axle loads are not
exceeded.
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WARNING! It is recommended that tire of the same make and dimensions be used on all four wheels.
Do not use bias ply tires as this will adversely alter vehicle handling characteristics.
WARNING!
An extra non-Volvo mat on the driver's floor can cause the accelerator pedal to catch. Check that the
movement of the accelerator pedal is not impeded.
Roof racks (removable and permanent)
Roof rails are available as Volvo accessories. Observe the following points when is use:
● Avoid single-point loads. Distribute the load evenly.
● Place heavier cargo at bottom of load.
● Observe that center of gravity and handling are influenced by load weight.
● Increasing load size increases wind resistance and, thus, adversely affects fuel economy.
● Anchor the cargo correctly with a cord.
● Drive carefully. Avoid rapid starts, fast cornering and hard braking.
● Max. roof load is 220 lbs. (100 kg) for removable racks mounted on drip rails.
● Max. roof load is 70 lbs (30 kg) for permanent rack mounted directly on roof.
Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 57 Emergency towing (pulling of vehicle)
Precautionary steps to observe when car is in tow
Steering must be unlocked.
● Please check with state and local authorities before attempting this type of towing, as vehicles being
towed are subject to regulations regarding maximum towing speed, length and type of towing device,
lighting, etc.
● Remember that power brake and power steering assists will not be available when engine is
inoperative. Brake pedal pressure required is 3 - 4 times above normal and greater steering effort must
be exerted.
● Gear selector in position N. Check transmission oil level (see section titled "Transmission oil").
● Maximum speed: 20 mph (30 km/h).
● Maximum distance with rear wheels on ground: 20 miles (30 km).
●
DON NOT ATTEMPT TO START CAR BY PUSHING OR PULLING THE CAR AS DAMAGE TO
CATALYTIC CONVERTER CAN RESULT.
CAUTION: The towing eyelets must not be used for pulling another vehicle out of a ditch or any
similar purpose involving severe strain.
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pg. 58 Vehicle towing information
Only use wheel lift or flat bed equipment.
CAUTION:
Sling-type equipment applied at the front will damage radiator and air conditioning lines.
It is equally important not to use slingtype equipment at the rear or apply lifting equipment inside the
rear wheels: serious damage to the rear axle may result.
pg. 59 Jump starting
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CAUTION:
Improper hook-up of jumper cables or use of other than 12-volt batteries could result in damage to
equipment and/or battery.
Check that cars are not touching to prevent premature completion of negative circuit. Note the position
of the battery terminals and using jumper cables, first connect booster battery positive (+) terminal (1) to
car battery positive (+) terminal (2). Then connect booster battery negative (-) terminal (3) to a
stationary solid metal part on the engine at a point away from the battery (4).
Do not connect booster cable to any part of fuel system or any moving parts. Avoid touching hot
manifolds.
After engine has started, remove first the negative (-) terminal jumper cable. Then remove the positive
(+) terminal jumper cable.
WARNING!
To reduce the possibility of explosion, never expose battery to open flame or electric spark. Do not
smoke near battery. Batteries generate hydrogen gas which is flammable and explosive. Battery fluid
contains sulfuric acid. Do not allow battery fluid to contact eyes, skin, fabrics or painted surfaces. If
contact occurs, flush affected area immediately with water.
Obtain medical attention immediately if eyes are affected.
pg. 60 Catalytic Converter
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Catalytic converter cautions
Keep your engine properly tuned. Certain engine malfunctions, particularly involving the electrical,
fuel or distributor ignition systems, may cause unusually high three-way catalytic converter
temperatures. Do not continue to operate your vehicle if you detect engine misfire, noticeable loss of
power or other unusual operating conditions, such as engine overheating or backfiring. A properly tuned
engine will help avoid malfunction that could damage the catalytic converter.
● Remember that tampering or unauthorized modification to the engine or the vehicle may be illegal
and can cause three-way catalytic converter or exhaust system overheating. This includes:
Altering fuel injection settings or components. Adjusting distributor ignition timing beyond specified
limits.
Altering emission system components or location or removing components
Repeated use of leaded fuel.
●
Do not park your car over combustible materials, such as grass or leaves, which can come into contact
with the hot exhaust system and cause such materials to ignite under certain wind and weather
conditions.
● Excessive starter cranking (in excess of one minute), with an intermittently firing or flooded engine,
can cause catalytic or exhaust system overheating.
●
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NOTE: Unleaded fuel is required for cars with three-way catalytic converters. A label on the
instrument panel and inside fuel tank filler door will remind owners and filling station attendants of
this requirement.
Important! It is unlawful to dispense leaded fuel into any vehicle labeled "unleaded gasoline only".
pg. 61 Brake system
If one of the brake circuits should malfunction, the red warning light will come on.
The pedal stroke increases slightly, the pedal feels softer and on cars equipped with ABS, extra pressure
is required for normal braking.
If the light comes on while driving or braking: stop immediately and check the brake fluid level in the
reservoir.
WARNING!
If the fluid level is below the MIN mark in either section of the reservoir: Do Not Drive. Tow the car
to a garage, have the brake system checked and any leakage repaired.
If the fluid level is below the MIN mark in half of the reservoir: Drive carefully to a garage and have the
brake system inspected.
Anti-lock Brake System ABS
If the warning lamp lights up there is a malfunction of the ABS system (the standard braking system will
however function) and the vehicle should be driven to a Volvo dealer for inspection.
The Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) is designed to improve vehicle control (i.e. stopping and steering)
during severe braking conditions by limiting wheel lock-up. When the system "senses" impending wheel
lock-up, braking pressure is automatically modulated in order to help prevent lock-up, which could lead
to a skid.
While the system is modulating braking pressure, the driver may detect a pulsation of the brake pedal.
The on/off switching of the ABS modulation may also be audible. This is normal.
Please be aware that ABS does not increase the absolute braking potential of the vehicle. Thus, while
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control will be enhanced, ABS will not shorten stopping distances on slippery surfaces.
If the brake power-assist does not function
The power assist to the brakes functions only when the engine is running. When the car is moving
without the engine running the brake pedal pressure required to stop the car is increased by 3-4 times.
The brake pedal feels stiff and hard.
Moisture on brake discs and brake pads affects braking.
Driving in rain and slush or passing through an automatic car wash can cause water to collect on the
brake discs and pads. This will cause a delay in braking effect when the pedal is depressed. To avoid
such a delay when the brakes are needed, depress the pedal occasionally when driving through rain,
slush etc. This will remove the water from the brakes. Check that brake application feels normal. This
should also be done after washing or starting in very damp weather.
Severe strain on the brake system
The brakes will be subject to severe strain when driving in mountains or hilly areas. The speed is usually
low which means that the cooling of the brakes is less efficient than when driving on level roads.
To reduce the strain on the brakes it is advisable not to use the brakes excessively.
Instead, shift into a lower gear and let the engine help with the braking. A good rule is to use the same
gear downhill as would be used ascending the same grade. For vehicles with automatic transmission use
position 2 or, in some cases, 1.
Do not forget that, if you are towing a trailer, the brakes will be subjected to greater load than is normal.
pg. 62 Trailer towing
When preparing for trailer hauling, observe the following:
● Use a trailer hitch which meets Federal Safety Standards for rear end collisions (FMVSS 301-75) For
trailer weights exceeding 2000 lbs. (908 kg), use only a trailer hitch offered as a Genuine Volvo
Accessory.
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NOTE: Models with automatic transmission are equipped with a transmission oil cooler as standard
equipment. This cooler helps prevent overheating of the transmission during times of increased load,
as when towing a trailer.
Maximum trailer weight recommended by Volvo is 3300 lbs (1500 kg). Observe legal requirements
of the state in which the vehicles are registered.
●
All Volvo models are equipped with energy-absorbing shock-mounted bumpers. Trailer hitch
installation should not interfere with the proper operation of this bumper system.
WARNING! Bumper-attached trailer hitches must not be used on Volvos, nor should safety chains be
attached to the bumper. Trailer hitches attaching to the vehicle rear axle must also not be used.
WARNING! Never connect a trailer's hydraulic brake system directly to the vehicle brake system, nor
a trailer's lighting system directly to the vehicle lighting system. Consult your nearest authorized
Volvo dealer for correct installation.
Trailer towing does not normally present any particular problems, but take into consideration:
The rear suspension incorporates "Nivomat", an automatic level regulating system to compensate for
load variations. The system operates when the vehicle is in motion. The rear of the vehicle will however
droop if for instance you are carrying a lot of luggage in the trunk or if the vehicle is hitched to a trailer;
but as soon as you start driving, the "Nivomat" system will raise the rear of the vehicle to the most
suitable level.
● Recommended hitch tongue load is 165 (75 kgs) for trailer weights above 2,650 lbs (1,200 kgs) and
143-154 lbs (65-70 kgs) for trailer weights below 2,650 lbs (1,200 kgs). However, the hitch tongue load
should not exceed 200 lbs (90 kgs).
● For trailer weights between 2,650-3,300 lbs (1,200-1,500 kgs) a top speed of 50 mph (80 km/h)
should never be exceeded.
● Increase tire pressure to recommended full-load pressure. See section "Wheels and tires".
● Engine and transmission are subject to increased loads. Therefore, engine coolant temperature should
be closely watched when driving in hot climates or hilly terrain. Use lower gear and turn off air
conditioner if temperature gauge pointer enters the red range.
● Disengage the overdrive ( é
light goes on).
● Avoid overload and other abusive operation.
● Hauling a trailer affects handling, durability, and economy.
● It is necessary to balance trailer brakes with the towing vehicle brakes to provide a safe stop. Check
and observe State/Local regulations.
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●
●
More frequent vehicle maintenance is required.
Remove the ball and drawbar assembly when the hitch is not being used.
NOTE: Refer to section "Automatic transmission" for additional trailer hauling
tips.
pg. 63 Winter driving
Cold weather precautions
If you wish to check your car before the approach of cold weather, the following advice is worth noting:
● Make sure that the engine coolant contains at least 50 percent antifreeze: that is, 5.0 qts. (4.25 liters)
Volvo original
coolant/antifreeze. This gives protection against freezing down to -31°F (-35°C). See section "Coolant".
● Try to keep the fuel tank well filled - this prevents the formation of condensation in the tank.
In addition in extremely cold weather conditions it is worthwhile to add fuel line de-icer before
refueling.
● The viscosity of the engine oil is important. Oil with low viscosity (thinner oil) improves coldweather starting as well as decreasing fuel consumption while the engine is warming up. For winter use,
5W-30 oil, particularly the synthetic type, is recommended.
Be sure to use good quality oil but do not use this cold-weather oil for hard driving or in warm weather.
See section "Engine oil" for more information.
● The load placed on the battery is greater during the winter since the heater, windshield wipers,
lighting etc. are used more often. Moreover, the capacity of the battery decreases as the temperature
drops. In very cold weather, a poorly charged battery can freeze and be damaged. It is therefore
advisable to check the state of charge more frequently and spray an anti-rust oil on the battery posts.
● To prevent the washer reservoir from freezing, add washer solvents containing antifreeze. This is
important since the dirt is often splashed on the windshield during winter driving, thus requiring
frequent use of the washers and wipers. The Volvo Washer Solvent should be diluted as follows:
Down to 14°F (-10°C): 1 part anti-freeze and 4 parts water
Down to 5°F (-15°C): 1 part anti-freeze and 3 parts water
Down to 0°F (-18°C): 1 part anti-freeze and 2 parts water
Down to -18°F (-28°): 1 part anti-freeze and 1 part water
● Use Volvo Teflon lock spray or grease in the locks. They can be purchased from your Volvo dealer.
NOTE: Avoid the use of de-icing sprays as they can cause damage to the
locks.
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pg. 64 Long distance trip
Before a long distance trip
It is always worthwhile to have your car checked at a Volvo dealer before driving long distances. Your
dealer will also be able to supply you with bulbs, fuses, spark plugs and wiper blades for your use in the
event that problems occur.
If you prefer to check the car yourself, please note the following:
Check that the engine runs smoothly and that fuel consumption is normal.
● Check engine oil, coolant levels, and for possible fuel leakage.
● Check transmission oil level and rear axle for leakage.
● Check condition of drive belts.
● Check state of charge of battery.
● Examine tires carefully (the spare tire as well), and replace those that are worn. Check tire pressures.
● The brakes, front wheel alignment, and steering gear should be checked by your Volvo dealer only.
● Check all lights, including high beams.
● Reflective warning triangles are legal requirement in some countries.
● Have a word with your Volvo dealer concerning engine adjustments if you intend to drive in countries
where it may be difficult to obtain correct fuel.
City driving
City driving can be a severe driving condition. Low operating speeds, long periods of idling combined
with high operating temperatures, air conditioning usage etc. will make necessary more frequent
servicing (at least every third month).
pg. 65 Vehicle storage
If you do not intend to use your car for a long time
The following points may be of use if you do not intend to use your car for a long time (e.g. because of a
long holiday, winter, etc.)
● Fill fuel tank to prevent water from condensing inside the tank.
● Wash the car carefully and wax it to protect the paint - don't forget the chromed parts.
● The vehicle should be left in a dry, well ventilated garage.
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Do not apply the hand brake. Block the wheels instead.
● Disconnect the battery's negative (-) cable.
● Lift the wiper arms away from the windshield.
● Increase tire pressure to maximum allowed, i.e. 36 psi.
● Open one of the window's slightly for ventilation.
● Ensure that the coolant contains sufficient anti-freeze to provide protection down to -22°F (-30°C).
Volvo anti-freeze also provides resistance against corrosion.
● Remove all valuables and lock the car.
● Check the battery voltage at least every 6 weeks.
●
pg. 66 - blank
Contents | Top of Page
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Wheels and tires
pg. 67 Wheels and tires
Wheels and tires
The handling and riding comfort of the vehicle is dependent on the inflation pressure and the type of
tires fitted. Read the following pages carefully.
pg. 68 General
pg. 69 Tread wear indicators
pg. 70 Inflation pressures
pg. 68 Wheels and tires
General information
Your vehicle is equipped with 185/65R - 15 87T (GLE) or 195/60R - 15 91H (Turbo) tires.
The tire designation is coded as follows:
185 or 205 = tire width in mm.
65 or 60 = tire profile. This is the relationship (in percent) between the section height
and the width of the tire.
R = radial tires.
15 = diameter in inches
91or 86 = Code number
86 = 1166 lbs. (530 kg)
91 = 1353 lbs. (615 kg)
T or H = indicates the max. speed the tire is intended for.
(T = 118 mph = 190 km/h)
(H = 130 mph = 210 km/h)
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The tires have good road holding characteristics and offer good handling on dry and wet surfaces. It
should be noted however that the tires have been developed to give these features on snow/ice-free
surfaces. For optimum road holding on icy or snow covered roads - we recommend suitable winter tires.
When replacing tires, be sure that the new tires are the same size (designation), type (radial) and
preferably from the same manufacturer, on all four wheels. Otherwise there is a risk of altering the car's
road-holding and handling characteristics.
NOTE: When storing wheel/tire assemblies (e.g. winter tires and wheels), either stand the assemblies
upright, or suspend them off the ground. Laying wheel/tire assemblies their sides for prolonged
periods can cause wheel and/or tire damage.
pg. 69 Wheels and tires
Wear indicator
The tires have a so-called "wear indicator" in the form of a number of narrow strips running across or
parallel to the tread. When approx. 1/16" (5 mm) is left on the tread, these strips show up and indicate
that the tire should be replaced.
Tires with less than 1/16" (1.5 mm) tread have a very poor grip in rain or snow.
When replacing worn tires, it is recommended that the tire be identical in type (radial) and size as the
one being replaced. Using a tire of the same make (manufacturer) will prevent alteration of the driving
characteristics of the vehicle.
To improve tire economy:
Maintain correct tire pressure.
● Drive smoothly: avoid fast starts, hard braking and tire screeching.
● Tire wear increases with speed.
● Do not change wheel location unless necessary.
● Correct front wheel alignment is very important. Unbalanced wheels impair tire economy and driving
comfort.
● Unbalanced wheels impair tire economy and driving comfort.
● Hitting curbs or potholes can damage the tires and/or wheels permanently.
●
Flat spots
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All tires become warm during use. After cooling, when the vehicle is parked, the tires have a tendency to
distort slightly, forming flat spots. These flat spots can cause vibrations similar to the vibrations caused
by imbalanced wheels.
They do, however, disappear when the tire warms up. The degree to which the flat spots form depends
on the type of cord used in the tire. Remember that, in cold weather, it takes longer for the tire to warm
up and consequently longer for the flat spot to disappear.
Snow tires, studded tires *
Tires for winter use:
Use snow tires fitted to the standard wheels rims or wheel rims (preferably steel) designed for the 760.
Do not mix tires of different design, as this could negatively affect overall tire road grip especially
during slippery road conditions!
Studded tires should be run-in 300-600 miles (500-1000 km) during which the car should be driven as
smoothly as possible to give the studs the opportunity to seat properly in the tires. The car tires should
have the same rotational direction throughout their entire lifetime. In other words, if you wish to rotate
the wheels, make sure that the same wheels are always on the same side of the car.
Tire chains can only be used on the rear wheels if the chains do not project too far from the tire and
chafe against the brake caliper or other components.
Strap-on emergency chains must not be used since the clearance between the brake caliper and the wheel
rim is inadequate.
WARNING!
Special wheel rims for air dams
Only special wheel rims, tested and approved by Volvo, are suitable for use with the air dam installed
on the 760.
pg. 70 Wheels and tires
Checking and correcting tire pressure
Check the tire pressure when refueling.
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The tire pressure should be corrected only when the tires are cold. With warm tires, correct only when
the pressure is too low. The tire temperature rises after driving just a few miles.
Vehicle Loading
The tires on your Volvo will perform to specifications at all normal loads when inflated as
recommended on the tire information label located on the rear facing side on the right front door. This
label lists both the tire and vehicle design limits.
Do not load your car beyond the load limits indicated.
(Sample tire pressure label)
Contents | Top of Page
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In case of emergency
pg. 71 In case of emergency
Even if you maintain your car in good running condition, there is always the possibility that something
might go wrong and prevent you from driving, such as a punctured tire, blown fuse or bulb, etc. For
additional information, see section "ON CALL Road Assistance".
pg. 72 Changing a wheel
pg. 74 Special spare tire
pg. 75 Replacing bulbs
pg. 82 Replacing fuses
pg. 85 Replacing wiper blades
pg. 86 Troubleshooting
pg. 72 Wheel changing
Changing a wheel
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On sedans the spare wheel is located in the trunk, beneath the carpet. The jack is attached to the rear of
the trunk and the toolbox is located to the right.
On wagons, the spare tire and the jack are located beneath the floor mat in the large storage bin. Always
secure the spare tire and the jack to prevent them from rattling.
Before using the jack, make sure the car is standing on firm, level ground. Apply the parking brake and
place the transmission selector lever in position P. Block the wheels standing on the ground with
wooden blocks or large stones.
Remove the wheel cap, using the screwdriver in the tool kit.
● With the car still on the ground, use the box wrench from the tool kit to loosen the wheel nuts 1/2 - 1
turn. Turn the nuts counterclockwise to loosen.
●
NOTE:
To avoid excessive wear and the necessity of rebalancing, mark and reinstall wheels in same location
and position as before removal. To lessen the chance of imbalance, each wheel hub is equipped with a
guide stud to ensure that a removed wheel can be reinstalled in its original position (as when changing
over to winter tires/wheels).
pg. 73 Wheel changing (cont.)
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There is a jack attachment adjacent to each wheel location. Hang the jack from the attachment as shown
in the illustration and crank while simultaneously guiding the base to the ground. Before raising the car
check that the jack is still correctly positioned in the attachment. Now raise the vehicle until the wheel is
free of the ground. Unscrew the wheel nuts completely and carefully remove the wheel so as not to
damage the tread of the studs.
WARNING!
The jack's hook engage the bar in the jack attachment (A). The car's weight must not rest on the
jack's hook (B).
● Be sure the jack is on a firm, level, non-slippery surface.
● Never allow any part of your body to be extended under a car supported by a jack.
● Use the jack intended for the car when replacing a wheel. For any other job, use stands to support
the end of the car being worked on.
● Apply the parking brake, select position P (automatic transmission).
● Block the wheels standing on the ground. Use rigid wooden blocks or large stones.
● The jack should be kept well-greased.
●
Installing the wheel
Clean the contact surfaces on the wheel and hub. Lift the wheel and place it on the hub. Make sure that
you align the wheel with the guide stud on the wheel hub prior to installation. Install the wheel nuts
crosswise and tighten lightly. The bevelled side of the nuts should face the wheel. Lower the vehicle to
the ground and alternately tighten the nuts to 63 ft. lbs. (85 Nm). Install the wheel cap.
Some models have a hub cap that extends to the wheel rim. The valve symbol on the inside of the hub
cap should be installed toward the valve.
pg. 74 Spare tire
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WARNING!
Current legislation prohibits the use of the "Special Spare" tire other than use as a temporary
replacement for a punctured tire. In other words, it must be replaced as soon as possible by a standard
tire.
Roadholding, etc., may be affected with the "Special Spare" in use. Do not, therefore, exceed 50 mph
(80 km/h).
Special Spare
The spare tire of your car is what is called a "Special Spare". This is embossed on the tire.
The Special Spare has designation 155R15.
Tire pressure must be 40 psi (280 kPa) irrespective of load or in which position the wheel is placed.
In the event of damage to this tire a new one can be purchased from your Volvo dealer.
Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 75 Replacing bulbs
NOTE!
The method for replacement of bulbs in the various lighting units is shown on the following pages.
Make sure when installing bulbs, that the guide pin on the socket fits into its corresponding recess.
When installing Halogen bulbs, do not touch the glass with your fingers. The reason for this is that
grease, oil or any other impurities can be carbonized onto the bulb and damage the reflector.
Use bulbs of correct type and voltage. Failure to do so could cause the bulb failure warning light to
activate.
Headlamps
1 Pull the connector out.
2 Loosen the ring by turning it counterclockwise.
3 Pull the bulb straight out.
4 Replace the bulb and reinstall the unit in the reverse order.
Bulb Power US Bulb No.
________________________
Headlamp (45/65) 9004
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Turn signal/side indicator
1 To remove, turn the lamp holder 1/4 turn counter-clockwise.
2 Press the bulb in and turn it 1/4 turn counter-clockwise.
3 Replace the bulb and reinstall the unit in the reverse order.
Power CP (W) Socket US Bulb No.
______________________________
24/2.2 (21/5) BAY 15d 1157 NA
pg. 76 Replacing bulbs (cont.)
Access to the bulbs is obtained from the engine compartment. Switch off the lights and ignition key.
Note: It may be necessary to remove the washer fluid reservoir fill tube in order to gain access to the
bulb holder.
Fog lamps
1 Turn the lamp holder 1/4 turn counterclockwise
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2 Remove the bulb from the connector by pushing the catches to the sides
3 Replace the bulb and the holder
Note: Reinstall the unit carefully to avoid changing the direction of the
beam.
Bulb Power US Bulb No.
Foglamp (27 W) GE881
pg. 77 Replacing bulbs, Sedans
Replacing tail lights bulbs (sedan models)
All tail lamp bulbs are replaced from inside of trunk.
Unscrew and remove tail lamp inside cover. Note that inside cover is hooked at the lower edge.
● Unscrew the plastic screw and remove bulb holder.
● Depress bulb in bulb holder, turn it slightly counterclockwise, and remove it. To avoid confusion
replace the bulbs one at a time.
● Install a new bulb by depressing it in the holder and turning it clockwise. Reinstall the holder in the
tail lamp. Check that bulb lights. Reinstall the tail lamp inside cover.
●
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Bulbs Power Socket US Bulb No
CP(W)
1 Tail light 4 (5) BA 15s 67
2 Rear turn signal 32 (21) BA 15s 1156
3 Brake light 32 (21) BA 15s 1156
4 Tail light 4 (5) BA 15s 67
5 Back-up light 32 (21) BA 15s 1156
6 Fog light 32 (21) 1156
High-mounted brake light 32 (21) 1156
pg. 78 Replacing bulbs (cont.)
All tail light bulbs are replaced from inside the vehicle
Light Power Socket US
CP(W) Bulb No.
Fog light 32 (21) BA 15s 1156
Back-up lights 32 (21) BA 15s 1156
Turn signals 32 (21) BA 15s 1156
Brake/tail light 32/3(21/5) BAY 15d 1157
Reflector - - High-mounted
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stop lamp 32 (21) BA 15s 1156
Replacing tail light bulbs (wagon models)
Turn off the lights
● Remove the cover with a screw driver
● Rotate the bulb holder about 1/4" (0.6 cm) counterclockwise and remove the holder from the tail light
cluster.
● Gently press the bulb into the holder, then rotate the bulb counterclockwise in order to release it.
● Install a new bulb in the holder and replace the bulb holder in the tail light cluster.
One of the guide lugs on the bulb holder is slightly wider than the other two and, thus, this lug fits into
the widest recess only.
● Turn the bulb holder clockwise
● Check that the bulb lights
● Re-install cluster cover
●
pg. 79 Replacing bulbs
Engine compartment light
Insert a screwdriver and pry off the light assembly. Lift it out to remove. Replace the bulb.
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Bulb Power Socket
Engine compartment light 10 W SV8.5
Trunk light (sedan models)
Courtesy light (wagon models)
Depress the catch with a screwdriver and remove the light assembly. Lift it out to remove.
Replace the bulb.
Bulb Power Socket
Trunk light 10W SV8.5
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License plate light
(sedan models)
Slide the bulb housing backwards until it is released from the front edge. Pull out the lamp housing and
replace the bulb. Insert the front edge of the lamp housing and press up the rear edge by hand.
Bulbs Power Socket
License plate light 4W Ba9s
pg. 80 Replacing bulbs (cont.)
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License plate light
(wagon models)
Remove the screws with a Phillips head screwdriver. Remove lamp housing. Depress the bulb and rotate
it counter-clockwise. Remove the bulb. Install a new bulb and re-install light housing.
Bulb Power Socket
License plate light 4W Ba 9s
Depress catch with a screwdriver (sedans)
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Removing cover (wagons)
High-mounted stop lamp
To remove:
Turn off ignition.
4-door models
Depress catch with a screwdriver.
Pull the cover upwards to remove it.
Wagon models
Grasp the cover with both hands and pull it towards you.
Bulb Power Socket US Bulb No.
High-mounted 32 (21) Ba 15s 1156
stop lamp
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Depress catches
Depress catches and fit new bulb.
To fit:
Fit the reflector and check that the light works.
4-door models
Press the cover into position, noting the position of the alignment pin at the top.
Wagon models
Align the catches and press the cover into position.
pg. 81 Replacing bulbs (cont.)
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Interior light and reading lights
Take hold of the front section of the light as shown and pull straight down.
Press lens out from inside and replace bulb. Check operation before reinstalling the lamp housing.
Bulb Power Socket
Interior light 10W SV8.5
Reading light 5W W2.1x9.5d
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Reading lamps, rear
The bulb in the adjustable reading lamps can be changed as follows: insert a screwdriver as shown and
twist off the lamp. Withdraw the bulb and fit a new one.
pg. 82 Replacing bulbs, Fuses
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Door Warning lamps
All doors are equipped with red warning lamps. To replace a bulb, insert a screwdriver as shown in
picture and gently turn it to remove the lens. Withdraw the bulb, replace it and re-insert the lens
Insert screwdriver and turn
Vanity mirror
Insert a screwdriver and turn it to remove the lens. Replace the bulb and press the lens back into place.
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Fuse replacement
If an electrical component fails to function, it is likely that a fuse has blown due to an overloaded circuit.
The fuse box is located on the far left side of the dashboard. SPare fuses and the fuse tool are located in
an illuminated compartment in the fuse box. To gain access to the fuses, remove the cover. When
replacing the cover, push in the front edge first and then press into place.
pg. 83 Fuses (cont.)
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The easiest way to see if a fuse is blown is to remove it. Refer to the list of fuses on the inside of the fuse
box to cover to see which one should be examined.
Pull the fuse straight out. From the side, examine the curved metal wire to see if it is broken. If so, put in
a new fuse of the same color and amperage (written on the fuse). Spare fuses are stored in a lit
compartment in the fuse box:
1 x 15A (blue), 1 x 25A (pale yellow), 1 x 30A (green)
If fuses burn out repeatedly, have the electrical system tested at a Volvo dealer. If you find it difficult to
remove a fuse, you will find a special fuse tool clipped in the fuse box.
pg. 84 Location*
Location* Amperage
1 Left parking lights, license plate light,
rear parking lights 10
2 Right parking lights 10
3 Left high beam 15
4 Right left beam 15
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5 SRS test
6 Left low beam 15
7 Right low beam 15
8 Front fog lights 15
9 Rear fog lights 10
10 Instrument illumination: ashtray front and rear,
heater control panel, switches and seat belt light 5
11 Back-up lights, turn signals, cruise control 15
12 13 Heated rear window, heated door mirrors 25
14 Overdrive, relay for electrically operated
sun roof, electrically operated windows 10
15 16 17 18 Radio/cassette tape player 5
19 ECC, electrically operated side door mirrors,
Rear window wiper/washer (wagons) 15
20 Windshield wipers/washers, horn 25
21 Constant idle speed system 5
22 23 24 25 Hazard warning flashers, central locking
system 25
26 CLock, interior lighting, door open warning
lights, glove box, cargo space and vanity mirror 10
27 Brake lights 15
28 Heater fan, air conditioning 30
29 Electrically operated antenna,
electrical connector for trailer 30
30 Fuel pump (tank), electrically heated
Lambda sond 10
31 Fuel injection, fuel pump (main) 25
32 Radio/amplifier 15
33 Radio/cassette tape player 10
34 Electrically operated windows,
electrically operated sun roof 30
35 Electrically heated front seats,
electrically operated front seats 30
Note: The ABS system is protected by an additional 10 A fuse which is located under the instrument
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panel to the left of the steering wheel.
Note: Refer to fuse box cover label for your vehicle's specific fuse usage.
Note: Fuses No. 34 and 35 are circuit breakers which activate when overloaded. After 20 seconds, the
circuits should have cooled down and function normally.
For more detailed information concerning function and location of relays, fuses, etc., refer to the Volvo
Service Manuals. These can be purchased directly using the Service Literature Brochure/Order Form or
through your Volvo dealer.
* Some of the equipment/systems listed may be available on certain models only and/or as optional
items only.
pg. 85 Replacing wiper blades
Replacing wiper blades
Lift the wiper arm off the windshield and hold blade at right angles to arm. Pinch the end of the plastic
clip located at the back of the arm.
Slide the wiper blade along the arm to release it from the hook.
Install new blade (installation is the reverse of removal) and
make sure that it is properly attached to the wiper arm.
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For reasons of safety, you should change the windshield wiper blades as soon as they start to leave
marks on the windshield or fail to wipe efficiently and cleanly.
The wiper blades can be cleaned by using a stiff-bristle brush
and warm, soapy water.
Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 86 Service diagnosis
The diagnoses outlined below are intended to serve only as guides to locate and temporarily correct
minor faults. Causes of unsatisfactory performance should be investigated and corrected by your Volvo
dealer only. See section "Road Assistance".
Starter fails to operate (or operates very
slowly)
Weak battery or dead cell.
With the starting (ignition) switch in the "Driving" or "On" position, check to see if the warning lights
on the dashboard come on and if they stay on when the starter is engaged. If the lights do not come on or
if they go off when the starter is engaged, the battery is discharged, or see below.
Loose or corroded battery cable terminals.
Check battery terminals and clamps. Clean or replace if necessary. Check that the starter cable is secure
at its terminals
The ground strap, which connects the body to the rear of the engine, should also be checked for
corrosion or looseness.
Open circuit between starting (ignition) switch and starting (ignition) switch terminal on starter.
The circuit is closed if a clicking sound is heard from the starter when it is engaged. If no clicking sound
is heard, check that the blue wire at the starter is secure. If still no clicking sound is heard, the starting
(ignition) switch or the wire is defective.
Starter motor defective.
It the above checks have been performed, and no fault is evident, the starter may be detective.
NOTE: In this case the headlight intensity will not decrease when the starter is engaged
pg. 87 Service diagnosis (cont.)
Starter motor operated but engine does not
start
Intake system leaking.
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Check vacuum hose connections at manifold and auxiliary air valve.
No fuel reaching engine.
Check for fuel in the tank.
Check fuses No. 30 and 31.
No spark.
If there is no spark. check that the high tension lead from the coil to the distributor cap is connected and
that the wires to the distributor and coil are connected.
Spark plugs high tension leads or distributor cap is wet or defective.
Clean the parts with a dry cloth or spray with a moisture remover. Replace defective or worn parts.
If no fault is found following the above steps, contact your Volvo dealer.
Excessive fuel
consumption
Fuel lines leaking.
Check tightness.
Spark plugs worn.
Replace plugs
pg. 88 Service diagnosis (cont.)
Erratic idle
(misfiring)
Intake system leaking.
Check vacuum hose connections to manifold and auxiliary air valve.
Spark plugs high tension leads or distributor cap worn (defective).
Clean distributor cap and leads, check the cap for cracks. Replace defective or worn parts.
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Worn spark plugs.
Remove. Clean or replace spark plugs.
Engine stalls at irregular
intervals
Defective wires.
Check wire terminals at: fuel pump, fuse No. 30 and 31, coil. distributor. ignition switch and relays.
Intake system leaking.
Check vacuum hose connections at manifold and auxiliary air valve
Fuel filter clogged.
Clean fuel tank filter and replace line fuel filter.
Misfiring at highway driving
speed
Spark plugs fouled.
Drive the vehicle in a lower gear and keep the engine rpm higher for a few miles in order to remove
carbon deposit on the spark plugs. If this procedure is not effective, clean or replace the spark plugs.
Please be aware that misfiring spark plugs can cause damage to the catalytic converter.
pg. 89 Emergency sun roof operation
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Emergency sun roof operation
If, because of an electrical fault (e.g. a blown fuse). it is not possible to operate the sun roof electrically,
then it is possible to operate it manually. First, using a Phillips-head screwdriver, remove the two screws
that secure the sun roof motor cover to the headliner Then using a screwdriver, depress the white plastic
clutch pin in the center of the motor screw (see illustration) and turn the screw to close or open the roof
as desired.
No current to the sun roof motor
The overload protector (no. 34 in the fuse box) has engaged. Wait approximately 20 seconds for the
overload protector to cool down. Check fuse number 14.
Contents | Top of Page
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Car care
pg. 91 Car care
Car care includes not only maintaining the appearance of the car, but also protecting the car exterior
from the effects of air pollution, rain and mud.
The rustproofing compound under the car should be checked regularly and, if necessary, damaged areas
should be repaired.
The paintwork should also be touched up immediately, if damaged, to prevent rust formation.
pg. 92 Cleaning the upholstery
pg. 93 Rustproofing
pg. 95 Paintwork damage
pg. 97 Washing the car
pg. 92 Cleaning the upholstery
Cleaning the upholstery
Generally, the fabric can be cleaned with soapy water or a detergent. For more difficult spots caused by
oil, ice cream, shoe polish, grease, etc.., use a stain remover.
The plastic in the upholstery can be washed.
To clean leather upholstery, use soft cloth and mild soap solution, using, for instance, common bath
soap.
For more difficult spots, consult your Volvo dealer.
On no account must gasoline, naphtha or similar cleaning agents be used on the plastic or the leather
since these can cause damage.
Cleaning the seat belts
Clean only with lukewarm water and mild soap solution.
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Cleaning floor mats
The floor mats should be vacuumed or brushed clean regularly, especially during the winter when they
should be taken out for drying. Spots on textile mats can be removed with a mild detergent.
Bear in mind
●
●
●
Take extra care when removing stains such as ink or lipstick since the coloring can spread.
Use solvents sparingly. Too much solvent can damage the seat padding.
Start from the outside of the stain and work toward the center.
Warning! Do not use cleaning solvents to clean the seat belts.
pg. 93 Rustproofing
What causes rust
The two most common causes of rust to your car are:
1. The accumulation of road dirt and moisture in hard-to-get-at cavities and other areas under the car.
2. The removal of paint and protective coatings on the outside of the car and underneath through damage
by stones, gravel or minor accidents.
Several factors influence the speed at which corrosion will occur:
1. The length of time various parts of a car stay wet. Parts of the car
filled with road dirt and water remain damp for long periods of time even after other parts have dried.
Particular attention should be paid to the underside of the car and floor sections inside. The floor
sections stay wet because moisture collects and remains under the floor matting.
Drain holes located at the bottom of the doors can get clogged with dirt, trapping water inside the door
and causing the door to rust through at the bottom.
2. Corrosion will be accelerated in areas of higher relative humidity, especially where temperatures often
stay above the freezing point and where the atmosphere is affected by industrial pollution, or where salt
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is used for de-icing the roads.
Where parts of the car are covered with road dirt containing road salt, corrosion will be accelerated at
lower relative humidity than if the surface were clean.
3. Increased temperature will cause an accelerated rate of corrosion of those parts of the car which are
not well ventilated to permit quick drying.
4. Industrial pollution and the presence of salt will also accelerate the deterioration of paint finishes.
The foregoing identifies the need for every car owner to keep his or her car-particularly the underside-as
clean and dry as possible and to repair any minor damage to paintwork and protective coating as soon as
possible.
The need is more important in those areas where road salt is used for de-icing, the relative humidity is
higher, air pollution is present, and temperatures regularly stay above freezing.
Rustproofing, inspection and touching-up
Your Volvo was carefully and thoroughly rustproofed at the factory.
The underbody and wheelhousings were sprayed with a thick, durable rustproofing compound and the
beams, internal cavities and end sections were sprayed with a low viscous, penetrating rustproofing
agent.
There are two very effective methods of maintaining this protection:
● Keep your car clean.
Clean the underbody, wheelhousings and the edges of the fenders using water at high pressure.
● Inspect and touch-up the rustproofing if necessary.
The invisible (internal) rustproofing
As part of your maintenance schedule, it is important that the invisible rustproofing (used for beams,
internal cavities and end sections) be retreated first after 36 months and, thereafter, every 24 months.
Bear in mind, if good results are to be obtained, that these sections must be treated with a fine spray of
Volvo-approved rustproofing compound by your authorized Volvo dealer.
pg. 94 Rustproofing (cont.)
The visible rustproofing
The visible (external) rustproofing must be inspected by an authorized Volvo dealer at least once a year.
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If it is necessary to touch-up the rustproofing, this should be done immediately to prevent moisture
penetration. Wash and dry thoroughly before touching up. Use spray-on or brush-on rustproofing
compounds. An oil can with a long flexible spout may be used for parts which are difficult to reach.
There are three different types of rustproofing compounds available:
a. thin (ML), for seams under the car.
b. thin (transparent) for visible parts.
c. thick, for parts on the underbody and wheel housing which experience most wear.
Parts of the car which may need to be touched up and the recommended rustproofing compound are:
● visible welded seams and panel seams-(thin)
● underbody and wheel housings-(thick)
● hood -(thin)
● door hinges-(thin)
● hood hinges and locks-(thin).
After completion of all work on the vehicle, remove excess rustproofing compound with a cloth soaked
in kerosene.
The sheet metal surfaces of the engine compartment are protected by a transparent wax-based
rustproofing compound. The compound withstands normal washings without deterioration.
Mineral based solvents will, however, dissolve the compound, especially so if they contain emulsifiers.
In such cases the wax protection should be renewed.
pg. 95 Paint touch-up
Paint touch-up
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Paint damage requires immediate attention to avoid rusting. Make it a habit to check the finish regularly;
when washing the car for instance. Touch up if necessary.
Paint repairs require special equipment and skill. Contact your Volvo dealer for any extensive damages.
Minor scratches can be repaired by using Volvo touch-up paint.
NOTE: When ordering touch-up paint from your Volvo dealer, use the paint code indicated on the
model plate. The plate is located on the panel above the right-side head lights.
Minor stone chips and scratches
Material:
● Primer - can
● Paint - can or touch-up bottle
● Brush
● Masking tape
NOTE: When touching up the car, it should be cleaned and dry. The surface temperature should be
above 60°F (+15°C).
Scars on the surface
If the stone chip has not penetrated down to the metal and undamaged layer of paint remains, the touchup paint can be applied as soon as the spot has been cleaned.
Deep scars
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If the stone chip has been penetrated down to the metal, proceed as follows:
1 Place a strip of masking tape over the damaged surface. Pull the tape off so that any loose flakes of
paint adhere to it.
2 Thoroughly mix the primer and apply it with a small brush.
When the primer surface is dry, the paint can be applied using a brush.
Mix the paint thoroughly: apply several thin paint coats and let dry each application.
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pg. 96 Paint touch-up (cont.)
3 If there is a longer scratch, you may want to protect surrounding paint by masking it off.
Touching up damaged paint on fender edges and sills
Material:
● Primer - spray can
● Paint - spray can
● Masking tape
NOTE:
When touching up the car, it should be well cleaned and dry and have a temperature exceeding 60°F
(+15°C).
When large surfaces have to be repainted suitably mask the surrounding area with masking tape and
paper.
Remove this masking as soon as the final coat has been sprayed on, before the paint dries.
Touching up is as follows:
1 Remove loose flakes of paint with masking tape.
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2 Move the can slowly and regularly from side to side, about 8-12 in. ( 20 - 30 cm) from the surface.
WARNING!
Spray painting should be done in a well ventilated and dust-free
area.
3 When the primer has dried, apply the surface enamel in the same way. Spray on several times and
allow the paint to dry a minute or so between each application.
pg. 97 Washing
Washing the car
The car should be washed at regular intervals since dirt, dust, insects and tar spots adhere to the paint
and may cause damage.
When washing the car, do not expose it to direct sunlight. Use lukewarm water to soften the dirt before
you wash with a sponge, and plenty of water, to avoid scratching.
A detergent can be used to facilitate the softening of dirt and oil. A water-soluble grease solvent may be
used in cases of sticky dirt.
However, use a washplace equipped with a drainage separator.
Dry the car with a clean chamois and remember to clean the drain holes in the doors and rocker panels.
Tar spots can be removed with kerosene or tar remover after the car bas been washed.
After washing lubricate the electrically-operated antenna mast with a cloth soaked in oil.
A stiff-bristle brush and lukewarm soapy water can be used to clean the wiper blades. Frequent cleaning
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improves visibility considerably.
Note: It is particularly important to wash the car frequently in the wintertime to prevent corrosion, when
salt has been used on the roads.
Also wash off the dirt from the underside (wheel housings, fenders, etc..)
In areas of high industrial fallout more frequent washing is also recommended.
Suitable detergents
Special car washing detergents or liquid dishwashing detergent can be used. A suitable mixture is about
2.5 fl. oz. (8.5 cl.) of detergent to 2.6 US gal. (10 liters) of warm water. After washing with a detergent
the car should be well rinsed with clean water.
Bird droppings
Remove from paintwork as soon as possible. Otherwise the finish may be permanently damaged.
WARNING!
When the car is driven immediately after being washed, carefully apply the brakes a few times in order
to remove any moisture from the brake linings.
NOTE: When washing the car, remember to remove dirt from the drain holes in the doors and sills.
pg. 98 Automatic car washing, Polishing and waxing, Chromed parts
Automatic washing - simple and quick
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An automatic wash is a simple and quick way to clean your car. Keeping the underbody clean is most
important, especially in the winter. Some automatic washers do not have the facilities for washing the
underbody.
Before driving into an automatic wash, make sure that the side view mirrors, auxiliary lamps, etc., are
secure, otherwise there is risk of the machine dislodging them. You should also lower the antenna.
We recommended that you do not wash your car in an automatic wash during the first six months
(because the paint will not have hardened sufficiently).
Polishing and waxing
Normally, polishing is not required during the first year after delivery, however, waxing may be
beneficial.
Before applying polish or wax the car must be washed and dried. Tar spots can be removed with
kerosene or tar remover. Difficult spots may require a fine rubbing compound.
After polishing use liquid or paste wax.
Several commercially-available products contain both polish and wax. Waxing alone does not substitute
for polishing of a dull surface.
A wide range of polymer-based car waxes can be purchased today.
The waxes are easy to use and produce a long-lasting, high-gloss finish that protects the bodywork
against oxidation, road dirt and fading.
Chromed parts
Chromium-plated and anodized parts should be washed with clean water as soon as they become dirty.
This is particularly important if you drive on gravel roads or on roads where salt is used during the
winter. After the car has been washed, apply wax or an anti-rust preparation.
Stains on chrome trim can be removed with commercially-available chrome cleaner. Do not use abrasive
compounds or steel wool.
Contents | Top of Page
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Volvo service
pg. 99 Volvo Service
Service - an investment!
An investment which will pay dividends in the form of improved reliability, durability, and resale value.
pg. 101 Volvo service
pg. 102 Maintenance schedule
pg. 104 Engine compartment
pg. 106 Engine oil
pg. 108 Exhaust Emission Service
pg. 114 Rear axle oil
pg. 115 Transmission fluid
pg. 116 Power steering fluid, brake fluid
pg. 117 Lubrication, body
pg. 118 Coolant
pg. 119 Drive belts
pg. 120 Label information
pg. 101 Maintenance service
MAINTENANCE
Maintenance services
Your Volvo has passed two major inspections before being delivered to you, according to Volvo
specifications. After being driven 600 - 1,200 miles (1,000 - 2,000 km), your car should be brought to
the Volvo dealer for a service inspection. Engine, manual transmission and the rear axle oils will be
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changed at this time.
Following this inspection, the maintenance services outlined in this book should be performed every
5,000 miles (8,000 km).
The extended maintenance inspection intervals make it even more advisable to follow this program.
Inspection and service should also be performed any time a malfunction is observable or suspected.
It is recommended that receipts for vehicle emission services be retained in the event that questions arise
concerning maintenance. See your "Maintenance Records Manual".
Maintenance inspection at 5,000 mile (8,000 km) intervals
Volvo advises you to follow the service program at 5,000 mile (8,000 km) intervals which is outlined in
the "Maintenance Records Manual". This maintenance program contains inspections and services
necessary for the proper function of your car over the next 5,000 miles (8,000 km).
The maintenance services contain several checks which require special instruments and tools and
therefore must be performed by a qualified technician.
To keep your Volvo in top condition, specify time tested and proven Genuine Volvo Parts and
Accessories.
The Federal Clean Air Act (USA)
The Clean Air Act requires vehicle manufacturers to furnish written instructions to the ultimate
purchaser to assure the proper functioning of those components that control emissions.
The maintenance instructions listed in the "Servicing" section of this Manual represent the minimum
maintenance required. These services are not covered by the warranty. You will be required to pay for
labor and material used. Refer to your Warranty booklet for further details.
In accordance with Federal Regulations, your Volvo is warranted to meet certain Emission Performance
Standards. Refer to your Warranty booklet for detailed information,
●
●
●
Emissions performance warranty (USA)
Limited 5-year/50,000-mile Emission System Warranty (USA)
5-year/80,000-kilometer Emission System Warranty (Canada)
pg. 102 Servicing
Maintenance schedule
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A = Adjust (Correct if necessary) I = Inspect (Correct or Replace if necessary)
R = Replace L = Lubricate
Maintenance Operation
thousand miles
(thousand km)
0.6-1.2
5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60
(1.0(8) (16) (25) (32) (40) (48) (56) (64) (72) (80) (88) (96)
2.0)
EMISSIONS SYSTEM
MAINTENANCE
Engine oil and Oil filter
R
Cooling system hoses and
connections
I
Engine drive belts
A
Torque manifold nuts
A
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
I
I
I
I
Air cleaner filter
R
R
Spark plugs
R
R
Valve clearance
Vacuum fittings, hoses and
connections
I
Fuel system cap, tank, lines
I
and connections
Torque exhaust system
mounting bolts
A
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Catalytic Converter
mounting bolts
A
Automatic transmission
fluid
I
I
I
I
R
I
I
I
R
I
I
I
R
Rear axle oil
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Timing belt (760 Turbo
only)
A
Exhaust system
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
1) See section "Engine oil" for detailed information.
2) For services beyond 60,000 miles (96,000 km), consult your "Maintenance records manual" and
"Maintenance Service Chart".
3) Recommended, but not mandatory to maintain Volvo emission warranty.
4) Not B 280 F/B 230 FT with EGR
pg. 103 Servicing (cont.)
Maintenance Operation
thousand miles
(thousand km)
0.61.2
(1.02.0)
5 10 15 20
60
25 30 35 40 45 50 55
(8) (16) (24) (32)
(96)
(40) (48) (56) (64) (72) (80) (88)
I
I
MISCELLANEOUS
MAINTENANCE
ENGINE
Engine coolant
I
I
I
Fuel (Line) Filter
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I
R
R
I
I
I
I
I
R
Volvo 1990 760 Model
PCV Nipple (Orifice)/hoses
Battery charge
I
I
I
I
I
I
EGR valve, clean
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
BRAKES
Inspect Brakes, Replace
components as necessary
I
I
Change brake fluid
I
I
I
R
I
R
STEERING
Tire wear (Align front end if
needed.)
Check power steering fluid
level.
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
BODY
Trunk, hood hinges and
latches
L
L
L
L
L
1) For detailed information, see "Brake fluid" section.
___________________________________________________________________________
The following items should be checked weekly
by the driver (it takes only a few minutes):
Engine oil level
Brake fluid level
Radiator coolant level
Tire pressure (all five tires)
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L
Volvo 1990 760 Model
Operation of all lights
Horns
Windshield wipers
Level of windshield washer fluid
The following should also be carried out at regular intervals:
Washing
Polishing
Cleaning
Rust protection
Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 104 Engine compartment
Engine compartment
760 GLE (engine B280F)
1 Expansion tank, coolant
2 Engine oil dip-stick
3 Oil filler cap, engine
4 Automatic transmission dip-stick
5 Brake fluid reservoir
6 Data plate
7 Battery
8 Radiator
9 Air cleaner
10 Washer fluid reservoir
When filling gas always check:
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Fuel: Recommended 95 RON (unleaded), 91 (R+M)/2. Minimum octane requirement 91 RON
(unleaded) 87 (R+M/2).
Canada: Unleaded regular
Check, without removing the cap, that the brake fluid level is above the MIN-mark. Brake fluid DOT 4.
Coolant level should be between the expansion tank marks. Mixture 50 percent anti-freeze and 50
percent water.
Oil level should be between the dipstick marks. The distance between the marks represents approx. 1 US
qt.=1 liter. When necessary, add oil of the same type as already used.
Washer fluid reservoir should be filled with water and solvent (wintertime: windshield washer antifreeze).
Changing: a wheel, see chapter "In case of emergency"
a bulb, see section "Bulbs"
a fuse, see section "Fuses"
Important! Change engine oil and oil filter at 5,000 mile (8,000 km) intervals. See section "Checking
engine oil".
pg. 105 Engine compartment (cont.)
Engine compartment
760 Turbo (engine B230F-Turbo)
1 Data plate
2 Turbocharger
3 Oil filler cap, engine
4 Engine oil dip-stick
5 Brake fluid reservoir
6 Washer fluid reservoir
7 Expansion tank, coolant
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8 Radiator
9 Intercooler
10 Power steering fluid reservoir
11 Battery
When filling gas always check:
Fuel: Recommended 95 RON (unleaded) 91(R+M)/2.
Canada: Unleaded regular
Check, without removing the cap, that the brake fluid level is above the MIN-mark. Brake fluid DOT 4.
Coolant level should be between the expansion tank marks. Mixture 50 percent anti-freeze and 50
percent water.
Oil level should be between the dipstick marks. The distance between the marks represents approx. 1 US
qt.=1 liter. When necessary, add oil of the same type as already used.
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Washer fluid reservoir should be filled with water and solvent (wintertime: windshield washer antifreeze).
Changing: a wheel, see chapter "In case of emergency"
a bulb, see section "Bulbs"
a fuse, see section "Fuses"
Important! Change engine oil and oil filter at 5,000 mile (8,000 km) intervals. See section "Checking
engine oil".
pg. 106 Engine oil
Checking the oil level
The oil level should be checked each time you refuel. Be sure the oil level is maintained between the
upper and lower marks on the dip-stick. Low oil level can cause internal damage to the engine and overfilling can result in high oil consumption. The distance between the dipstick marks represents approx. 1
US qt (1 liter) of oil.
Draining the oil
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Drain the oil after driving while it is still hot.
Warning!
The oil may be very
hot.
To add or change engine oil
Add oil of the same kind as already used. Capacity (including filter): 6.3 US qts = 6 liters (760 GLE);
4.0 US qts = 3.85 liters (760 Turbo)*.
* if oil cooler (Turbo models) is drained, add 0.7 US qts (0.6 liters).
Changing oil filter
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Replace the oil filter at every oil change.
pg. 107 Engine oil
Oil quality
API SG or alternatively API SF
*Oils with designation SG/CD and SF/CD comply with these requirements.
Viscosity (stable ambient temperatures):
Volvo recommends the use of energy-conserving oils. Look for the API label.
Synthetic or semisynthetic oils may be used if their specifications comply with the oil quality
requirements.
Volvo does not recommend additional oil additives, as they can adversely affect the engine.
Changing oil and oil filter
Oil and oil filter are first changed at the 600-1,200 mile (1,000-2,000 km) service. Thereafter, changes
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should be made as specified by this table:
SAE 15W/40 is recommended for use in driving conditions that raise oil temperature and increase oil
consumption (i.e., mountain driving; trailer towing).
NOTE: SAE 15W/40 must not be used at low ambient temperatures; see viscosity chart.
If driving conditions include:
Then the correct oil/oil filter change interval is:
Extended periods of idling and/or low-speed
operation
● Frequent short trips (less than 7 miles = 11 km)
● Extended periods of driving in dusty and/or
sandy areas
● Trailer towing
● Driving in mountainous areas
EVERY 5,000 miles= 8,000 km OR EVERY 3
MONTHS, WHICHEVER COMES FIRST
Primarily highway driving
Frequent trips of longer than 7 miles = 11 km
Normal driving
EVERY 5,000 miles=8,000 KM* OR EVERY 6
MONTHS WHICHEVER COMES FIRST
●
●
●
●
Volvo recommends the use of oils with the American Petroleum Institute (API) label, This label certifies
that the oil conforms to the applicable standards and specifications of the API.
Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 108 Servicing
Torque exhaust manifold nuts
The manifold nuts should be torqued at the 600-1200 mile (1000-2000 km) inspection. A loose manifold
could alter air/fuel ratio and cause an increase in emissions and/or poor driveability.
Valves
The valve clearance should be check and, if necessary, adjusted every 30,000 miles (48,000 km).
Air cleaner
Replace the air cleaner cartridge with a new one every 30,000 miles (48,000 km). The cartridge should
be replaced more often when driving under dirty and dusty conditions, The filter cannot be cleaned and,
therefore, should always be replaced with a new one.
Vacuum fittings, hoses and connections
Unstable idle, misfiring, or poor emission control is often caused by leaking vacuum hoses or
connections. Check hoses and connections on distributor vacuum unit, connections on heater control
servo systems and hydraulic brake servo.
Checking and adjusting idle speed
Your Volvo is equipped with an electronically-controlled idle speed system that requires no checking or
adjustment.
Fuel system cap, tank and lines, and connections
The effectiveness of the fuel system to contain hydrocarbons is dependent largely on a leakfree system.
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Check for proper sealing of gasoline filler cap which contains "0" ring-type seals. Check all evaporative
hoses in vehicle for tightness. Check fuel lines under vehicle and repair if necessary.
Fuel (line) filter
The fuel line filter is located next to the fuel pump. This filter should be replaced every 60,000 miles
(96,000 km). The filter is replaced as one complete unit.
Replace more frequently if contaminated fuel is introduced into the tank (or if there is reason to suspect
that this has occurred).
Timing Belt (Turbo Model only)
The timing belt should be adjusted at the 600-1,200 mile (1000-2000 km) inspection. We recommend
that the timing gear belt be replaced every 50,000 miles (80,000 km).
Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR)
This system operates by returning some of the exhaust gases to the engine to be recombusted: since this
lowers the combustion temperature the amount of nitrogen oxides released into the atmosphere is
reduced.
The EGR valve should be cleaned after 48,000 miles (80,000 km) and then at 24,000 mile (40,000 km)
intervals.
pg. 109 Servicing
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1 Battery
2 Injection control unit
3 Ignition control unit
4 Fuel filter
5 Fuel pump
6 Fuel feed pump
7 Air mass meter
8 Throttle switch
9 Temperature sensor
10 Injector
11 Oxygen sensor
LH-Jetronic fuel system
(760 GLE)
The LH-Jetronic injection system is all-electronic and is microprocessor-controlled. It can continuously
compensate for variations in engine load, speed and temperature to give the best economy and power.
The most unique feature of the system is an air mass meter that measures the mass of the inducted air
instead of the volume. In this way the system can make instantaneous adjustments for changes in air
temperature or density, thus always assuring the best economy with the lowest-possible exhaust
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emissions.
Lambda-sond™ (oxygen sensor)
system
This is an emission control system designed to reduce emissions and improve fuel economy. The heated
oxygen sensor monitors the composition of the exhaust gases leaving the engine. The exhaust gas
analysis is fed into an electronic control module. This adjusts the air-fuel ratio to provide optimum
conditions for combustion and efficient reduction of the three major pollutants (hydrocarbons, carbon
monoxide and nitrous gases) by a 3-way catalytic converter.
pg. 110 Servicing (cont.)
1 Battery
2 Injection control unit
3 Ignition control unit
4 Fuel filter
5 Fuel pump
6 Fuel feed pump
7 Air mass meter
8 Throttle switch
9 Temperature sensor
10 Injector
11 Oxygen sensor
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LH-Jetronic fuel system
(760 Turbo)
The LH-Jetronic injection system is all-electronic and is microprocessor-controlled. It can continuously
compensate for variations in engine load, speed and temperature to give the best economy and power.
The most unique feature of the system is an air mass meter that measures the mass of the inducted air
instead of the volume. In this way the system can make instantaneous adjustments for changes in air
temperature or density, thus always assuring the best economy with the lowest-possible exhaust
emissions.
Lambda-sond™ (oxygen sensor)
system
This is an emission control system designed to reduce emissions and improve fuel economy. The heated
oxygen sensor monitors the composition of the exhaust gases leaving the engine. The exhaust gas
analysis is fed into an electronic control module. This adjusts the air-fuel ratio to provide optimum
conditions for combustion and efficient reduction of the three major pollutants (hydrocarbons, carbon
monoxide and nitrous gases) by a 3-way catalytic converter.
pg. 111 Servicing (cont.)
Catalytic Converter
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This is a supplementary device in the exhaust system, designed to clean exhaust gases. This device is
mainly a container with a ceramic material insert, designed to let the exhaust gases pass through
channels in the insert. The channel walls are covered by a thin layer of platinum-palladium. These
metals act as catalysts, permitting a chemical action to occur without actually taking part in it.
The emission (CO, HC, NOx) content will increase if the three-way catalytic converter is damaged.
Lambda-sond equipped vehicles use Catalytic Converters containing platinum and rhodium.
Torque Catalytic Converter mounting bolts
The Catalytic Converter mounting bolts should be torqued after the first 600-1,200 miles (1,000-2,000
km).
CAUTION:
Vehicles with Catalytic Converter must use unleaded fuel only. Otherwise the Catalytic Converter will
become ineffective. See "Fuel requirements".
pg. 112 Servicing (cont.)
WARNING!
The ignition system operates at very high voltages. Special safety precautions must be followed to
prevent injury.
Always turn the ignition off when:
connecting engine test and diagnostic equipment to the vehicle (timing light, tach-dwell tester,
ignition oscilloscope, etc..).
● Replacing distributor ignition components e.g. plugs, coil, distributor, HT leads etc.
● Do not touch any part of the distributor ignition system while the engine is running. This may result
in unintended movements and body injury.
●
Replacing spark plugs
The spark plugs should be changed every 30,000 miles (48,000 km). However, city driving or fast
highway driving may necessitate changing after 15,000 miles (24,000 km) of driving. When installing
new plugs, be sure to fit the right type and use correct torque, see Specifications. When changing the
plugs, check that the suppressor connectors are in good condition. Cracked or damaged connectors
should be replaced.
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When changing the spark plugs, clean the terminals and the rubber seals. If the car is driven on roads
where salt is used during the winter, coat the cables with silicone.
pg. 113 Servicing (cont.)
Evaporative control system
The 760 is equipped with a gas-evaporative control system, which prevents gasoline fumes from being
released into the atmosphere. The system is comprised of an expansion chamber in the fuel tank, a rollover valve on the cross member in front of the fuel tank, and a charcoal canister with built-in vacuum
valve under the left-front wheel housing.
The components are interconnected by hoses which channel fuel vapor from the gas tank to the charcoal
filter, where it is stored until the engine is started and then drawn into the engine's fuel-induction system.
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Crankcase ventilation
The engine is equipped with positive crankcase ventilation which prevents crankcase gases from being
released into the atmosphere. Instead, the crankcase gases are admitted to the intake manifold and
cylinders.
PCV system, B280F
The orifice nipple in the intake manifold should be cleaned every 50,000 miles (80,000 km).
Check/replace rubber hoses at the same time.
PCV system, B230F-Turbo
The orifice nipple in the intake manifold and the filter at the end of the PCV hose in the aircleaner
should be cleaned every 50,000 miles (80,000 km).
Check/replace rubber hoses at the same time.
Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 114 Rear axle
Drain Plug
Fill plug
Rear axle (sedan)
Capacity: 1.7 US qts (1.6 liters)
Oil type: API GL-5 (MIL-L2105 B or C).
Viscosity: SAE 90 or 80W/90
Replace: at 600-1200 mile (1000-2000 km) service only.
The oil level should be up to the filler plug.
Drain rear axle oil through drain plug.
When the temperature is consistently below 15° F (-10° C), use API GL-5 SAE 80W oil.
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Fill plug
Drain plug
Rear axle (wagon)
Capacity: 1.7 US qts (1.6 liters)
Oil type: API GL-5 (MIL-L2105 B or C).
Viscosity: SAE 90 or 80W/90
Replace: at 600-1200 mile (1000-2000 km) service only.
The oil level should be up to the filler plug.
Drain rear axle oil through drain plug.
When the temperature is consistently below 15° F (-10° C), use API GL-5 SAE 80W oil.
pg. 115 Automatic transmission
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Automatic transmission oil
Capacity: See "Specifications" section
Fluid type: Automatic Transmission Fluid type Dexron IID.
Replace: Every 20,000 miles (32,000 km).
Warning!
Oil spilled on a hot exhaust pipe constitutes a fire
risk.
A Cold transmission: oil temperature= + 105°F (+40°C).
This is a normal temperature for the transmission after idling for about 10 minutes.
At oil temperature below + 105°F (+40°C), the level may be below the MIN mark.
B Warm transmission: oil temperature= + 195°F (+90°C).
This temperature is reached after driving for about 30 minutes.
At oil temperature above +195°f (+90°c), the level may be above the MAX mark.
NOTE:
The engine should be idling when checking transmission fluid
level.
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Check the oil level as follows:
Park the car on level surface with the engine idling.
Slowly move the selector lever through all gear positions and then to position P. Wait 2 minutes before
checking the oil level. As the illustration shows, the dipstick has a "Cold" and a "Warm" side. The oil level
should be between the MIN and MAX marks. Wipe the dipstick with a clean cloth.
Warning! The oil may be very
hot
Do not use rags that could leave lint on the dipstick.
The transmission is topped up via the dipstick tube.
The space between the MIN and MAX marks on the dipstick corresponds to 0.5 US qt (0.5 liter). Do not fill
the transmission with too much oil, since this can result in oil being ejected from the transmission.
Too little oil, on the other hand, can negatively affect transmission operation, particularly in very cold
weather.
pg. 116 Brake fluid, Power steering fluid
Brake fluid
The fluid level should be between the MIN and MAX marks.
Fluid type: DOT 4
Replace: every second year or 30,000 miles (48,000 km). The brake fluid should be replaced once a year or
every 15,000 miles (25,000 km) when driving under extremely severe conditions (mountain driving, hot
climate, high humidity etc.)
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Check, without removing the cap, that the level is above the "MIN" mark of the fluid reservoir.
Always entrust brake fluid changing to an authorized Volvo dealer.
Power steering fluid
760 GLE
The dipstick has markings for hot and cold fluid.
When cold, the fluid must not be above the COLD mark, and similarly, when hot it must not be above the
HOT mark. Top up with Type F transmission fluid only, if the level drops to below the ADD mark.
760 Turbo
The fluid level should lie between the MIN and MAX on the side of the dipstick. The space between the
marks corresponds to 0.2 US qts/liters.
Fluid type: Type F
Replace: No fluid change required.
pg. 117 Lubrication
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No. Lubricating hint Lubricant
1 Hood lock and latch Oil
2 Hood hinges Oil
3 Door stop and hinges Oil
4 Sun roof wind deflector Oil
5 Door lock catch plate Oil
6 Trunk lid lock Low temperature
keyhole grease
7 Window regulator Oil, grease
locking device low temperature
(on inside of door) grease
8 Front seat slide rail
and latch Oil
9 Door lock keyhole Low temperature grease
or Volvo Teflon lock oil.
To avoid rattles and unnecessary wear, the body should be lubricated a few times per year.
pg. 118 Cooling system
760 Turbo 760 GLE
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Check coolant level
The cooling system must be filled with coolant and not leak to operate at maximum efficiency. Check the
coolant level regularly. The level should be between the "Max" and "Min" marks on the expansion tank. The
check should be made with particular thoroughness when the engine is new or when the cooling system has
been drained.
Do not remove the filler cap other than for topping-up with coolant. Frequent removal may prevent coolant
circulations between the engine tank during engine warm-up and cooling.
Changing coolant
Every two years or 30,000 miles (50,000 km) the cooling system should be drained, flushed and refilled.
Remove the expansion tank cap. Open the drain cocks on the right side of the engine block and disconnect
the lower radiator hose.
Fill coolant through the expansion tank. The heater controls should be fully open when draining and filling.
Add coolant until the level is up to the MAX mark or slightly above.
Start the engine and run until hot. Check the cooling system connections for tightness. Also re-check the
coolant level.
Capacity: See "Specifications"
Coolant: Volvo coolant type C (blue green)
CAUTION!
The cooling system must always be kept filled to correct level.
If it is not kept filled, there can be high local temperatures in the engine which could result in
damage.
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Top up with coolant
Top up with coolant by filling the expansion tank when level is at the "MIN" mark. Use a mixture of 50
percent anti-freeze/summer coolant and 50 percent water all the year round.
Top up to the "MAX" mark.
WARNING:
If the engine is warm and you are going to top up coolant, unscrew the cap slowly in order to allow any
excess pressure to escape.
NOTE: Do not top up with water only. Water by itself reduces the rust-protective and anti-freeze qualities
of the coolant and has a lower boiling point. It can also cause damage to the cooling system if it should
freeze.
pg. 119 Drive belts
Checking the belt tension
The belt tension can be checked by depressing the fan belt (engine not running!) at a point midway between
the generator and fan. It should be possible to press down the belt about .0394-.1181" (1-3 mm). This also
applies to other drive belts on the engine.
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Belt check
Check the belt regularly to make sure it is in good condition and is clean. Worn or dirty belts can cause poor
cooling and low generator output as well as impair the operation of the power steering and the air
conditioning unit.
Belt adjustment and replacement
The belts can be difficult to reach and it is advisable to let your Volvo dealer adjust the tension of the belts or
replace them, if necessary.
pg. 120 Label information
The Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) should always be quoted in all correspondence concerning your
vehicle with the dealer and when ordering parts.
1 Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) *
VIN plate is located on top left surface of dashboard. The VIN is also stamped on the right hand door pillar.
2 Vehicle Emission Control Information
Your Volvo is designed to meet all applicable emissions standards, as evidenced by the certification label on
the left wheelhousing. For further information regarding these regulations, please consult your Volvo dealer.
3 Model Plate
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). Codes for color and upholstery etc. This plate is located on panel
above right headlight.
4 Loads and Tire Pressures
5 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) specifications (USA) and Ministry of Transport
(CMVSS) Standards (Canada)
This label is located on rear-facing side of the driver's door.
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All specifications are subject to change without notice.
Contents | Top of Page
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Volvo 1990 760 Model
Specifications
pg. 121 Specifications
Specifications
Dimensions and weights 760 GLE
760 Turbo
Length 188.4 in (478.5cm)
Width 69.3 in (176 cm)
Height, Sedan 55.5 in (141 cm)
Wagon 56.7 in (144 cm)
Wheelbase 109 in (277 cm)
Track, front 57.8 in (147 cm)
Sedan rear 59.8 in (152 cm)
Wagon rear 57.5 in (146 cm)
Turning circle, between curbs 32.5 ft (9.9 m)
Trunk capacity (sedans) 17.2 cu. ft. (0.49 m
Cargo capacity (wagons)
With rear seats up 39.3 cu. ft. (1.1 m
With rear seats down 74.9 cu. ft. (2.1 m
Curb weight (Sedan) 3303-3314 lbs (1499-1505 kg)
Curb weight (Wagon) 3263-3265 lbs (1480 kg)
Gross vehicle weight (sedan) 4275 lbs (1940 kg)
Gross vehicle weight (wagon) 4295 lbs (1950 kg)
Capacity weight: (sedan)* 925 lbs (420 kg)
Capacity weight: (wagon)* 1035 lbs (470 kg)
Permissible axle weight, front (Turbo) 2070 lbs (940 kg)
front (GLE) 2090 lbs (950 kg)
rear (sedan) 2225 lbs (1010 kg)
rear (wagon) 2335 lbs (1060 kg)
Max. roof load 220 lbs (100 kg)
Max. trailer weight 3300 lbs (1500 kg)
See also section "Trailer hauling"
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*The max permissible axle loads must not be exceeded!
Consult your Volvo dealer for information.
All specifications are subject to change without notice.
WARNING!
When adding accessories, equipment, luggage and other cargo to your vehicle, the total weight
capacity of the vehicle must not be exceeded.
pg. 122 Oil/Fluids Specifications
Engine oil
Quality: According to API SG or alternatively SF
Oil with designation SG/CD and SF/CD comply with these demands.
Synthetic or semi-synthetic oils may be used if their specifications comply with the above.
Volvo recommends the use of fuel economy improving oils. Look for the API label.
Volvo does not recommend oil additives as they can adversely affect the engine.
Capacity (including oil filter):
760 GLE: 6.3 US qts (6.0 liters)
760 Turbo: 4.0 US qts. (3.85 liters)
4.7 US qts. (4.45 liters) if oil cooler is drained.
SAE 15 W/40 oil is recommended for use in severe driving conditions which involve high oil
temperatures or excessive oil consumption (e.g. mountain driving with frequent deceleration, or highspeed driving.)
Automatic
transmission
Quality : ATF Dexron IID
Capacity : 7.9 US qts. (7.5 liters)
Rear axle
Quality : API-GL-5 (MIL-L-2105 B or
C)
SAE 90
Capacity : 1.7 US qts (1.6 liters)
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Power steering
Quality : Type F
Capacity :
760 Turbo: 1.05 Us qts (1.0
liters)
760 GLE: 0.7 US qts (0.7 liter)
Brake fluid
Brake fluid type : DOT 4
Capacity : 0.63 US qts. (0.6
liters)
pg. 123 Specifications (cont.)
Engine (760 GLE)
Liquid-cooled, gasoline, 6-cylinder V-engine with 90° angle. Aluminum cylinder block with cast-iron,
replaceable wet liners. Aluminum-alloy cylinder head has separate inlet and exhaust passages. Single,
overhead camshafts.
Engine lubrication is provided by a gear pump driven from camshaft. Full-flow type oil filter. Exhaust
emission control accomplished by fuel injection, Lambda-sond system and catalytic converter.
Closed crankcase ventilation system and evaporative emission control system.
Type designation Volvo B 234 F
Output(SAE J 1349) 145 hp at 5100 rpm (108 kW at 85 rps)
Max. torque(SAE J 1349) 173 ft. lbs. (235 Nm) at 3750 rpm
Number of cylinders 6
Bore 3.58" (91 mm)
Stroke 2.87" (73 mm)
Displacement 2.85 liters
Compression ratio 9.5:1
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Valve clearance, cold engine
inlet 0.004-0.006"
(0.10-0.15 mm)
exhaust 0.010-0.012"
(0.25-0.30 mm)
All specifications are subject to change without notice.
Engine (760 Turbo)
Liquid-cooled, gasoline, 4-cylinder in-line engine. Cast-iron cylinder block with cylinders bored directly
in block. Aluminum-alloy cylinder head with single overhead camshaft and separate intake and outlet
channels.
Engine lubrication is provided by a gear pump driven from the crankshaft. Full-flow type oil filter.
Exhaust emission control accomplished by fuel injection, Lambda-sond system and catalytic converter.
Exhaust-gas-driven turbo-compressor with intercooler
Type designation Volvo B230F-Turbo
Output(SAE J 1349) 162 hp at 4800 rpm (120 kW at 86 rps)
Max. torque(SAE J 1349) at rpm 195 ft. lbs. (265 Nm) at 2900 rpm
Number of cylinders 4
Bore 3.78" (96 mm)
Stroke 3.15" (80 mm)
Displacement 2.32 liters
Compression ratio 8.7:1
Valve clearance, cold engine Checking Adjusting
inlet 0.012-0.016" 0.014-0.016"
(0.30-0.40 mm) (.35-0.40 mm)
exhaust 0.012-0.016" 0.014-0.016"
(0.30-0.40 mm) (0.35-0.40 mm)
All specifications are subject to change without notice.
pg. 124 Specifications (cont.)
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760 GLE (Engine B280F)
Cooling system
Type Positive pressure, Closed system
Thermostat: begins to open at 189° F (87° C)
Coolant: Volvo coolant type C (blue-green)
Capacity: 10.6 US qts (10 liters)
Fuel system
The engine is equipped with an electronic fuel injection system (type LH-Jetronic).
Ignition System
Firing order 1-6-3-5-2-4
Ignition setting:
(cannot be adjusted) 16° +/- 2° B.T.D.C.
(at 750 rpm)
Spark plugs Bosch HR 6 DC (or equivalent)
Spark plug gap 0.024-0.028" (0.6-0.7 mm)
Tightening torque 9+/- 1.5 ft. lbs. (12 +/- 2 Nm)
Distributor, direction of rotation Clockwise
760 Turbo (Engine B230F-Turbo)
Cooling system
Type Positive pressure, Closed system
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Thermostat: begins to open at 197° F (92° C)
Coolant: Volvo coolant type C (blue-green)
Capacity: 10 US qts (9.5 liters)
Fuel system
The engine is equipped with an electronic fuel injection system (type LH-Jetronic).
Ignition System
Firing order 1-3-4-2
Ignition setting: 12° B.T.D.C. (at 700-800 rpm)
Spark plugs Bosch WR 6 DC (or equivalent)
Spark plug gap 0.028-0.032" (0.7-0.8 mm)
Tightening torque 15-22 ft. lbs. (20-30 Nm)
Distributor, direction of rotation Clockwise
pg. 125 Specifications (cont.)
POWER TRANSMISSION
Automatic transmission AW 71
Reduction ratios:
1st gear 2.45:1
2nd gear 1.45:1
3rd gear 1:1
Overdrive 0.69:1
Reverse 2.21:1
Rear axle
Reduction ratios: 3.73:1
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All specifications are subject to change without notice.
Front suspension
McPherson-type spring and strut suspension. Shock absorbers housed in strut casing. Rack-and-pinion
steering.
Safety-type steering column.
The alignment specifications apply to an unloaded car, but include fuel, coolant, and spare wheel.
Toe-in, measured on the wheel rim: 3/32" +/- 1/64" (2.5 mm +/- 0.5 mm)
tire sides: 1/8" +/- 1/32" (3 +/- 0.8 mm)
Rear Suspension
Sedans: Multi-link rear wheel suspension consisting of four elements per side: a trailing support arm
with coil spring and load leveling shock absorber, an upper L-shaped link, a lower transverse link, and
an angled rear track rod to control wheel toe-in.
Toe-in, measured at the wheel rim:0.016" +/- 0.020" (0.4 +/- 0.5 mm)
tire sides:0.02" +/- 0.031" (0.5 +/- 0.8 mm)
Wagons: Constant track rear axle located by two trailing support arms and a track rod. Equipped with
coil spring and load-leveling shock absorbers. Torque forces controlled by two separate torque rods
connected to rubber-insulated subframe.
pg. 126 Specifications (cont.)
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
12 V, negative ground.
Voltage-controlled alternator. Single-wire system with chassis and engine used as conductors.
Voltage 12 V
Battery, type Maintenance free
Capacity 450 A/90 min
500 A/115 min.
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Volvo 1990 760 Model
Alternator, rated output 1400 W
max. current 100 Amp
Bulb
Trade No. Power
Socket
No. of
bulbs
Headlights
HB1/9004 65/45 W
-
2
turn signals, front
1157 N.
A.
21/5 W/24/2.2
cp
BAY
15
2
turn signals, rear
1156
21W/32cp
BA 15s 2
Tail lights
2x67
5 W/4cp
BA 15s 2
Tail light/Brake light
1156
21 W/32cp
BA 15s 2
High-mounted brake
light
1156
21 W/32cp
BA 15s 1
Back-up lights
1156
21 W/32cp
BA 15s 2
Rear fog light
1156
21 W/32cp
BA 15s 2
Front fog light
GE881
27 W
-
Parking lights
License plate light
4W
BA 9s
2
Door warning lights
3W
W 2.1 x 9.5 d
4
Interior light
10 W SV 8.5
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1
2
Volvo 1990 760 Model
Reading lights, front
5W
W 2.1 x 9.5 d
2
rear
5W
W 2.1 x 9.5 d
2
Engine compartment light
10 W SV 8.5
1
Trunk light
10 W SV 8.5
1
Glove box light
2W
BA 9s
1
Instrument lighting
3W
W 2.1 x 9.5 d
3
Lighting, control panel
1.2
W
Volvo P/
N966326
12
A/T selector
1.2
W
Volvo P/
N966326
1
Ashtray, rear
1.2
W
Volvo P/
N966326
1
Seat belt lock
1.2W
Volvo P/
N966326
1
indicator lights
1.2W
Volvo P/
N966326
-
Rear seatbelt indicator
light
2W
BA 9S
1
Instrument warning/
pg. 127 Specifications
Vehicle Loading
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The tires on your Volvo should perform to specifications at all normal loads when inflated as
recommended on the tire information label. The label is located on the rear-facing edge of the right-front
door. This label lists both tire and vehicle design limits. Do not load your car beyond the load limits
indicated.
WARNING!
Improperly inflated tire will reduce tire life, adversely affect vehicle handling and can possibly lead to
failure resulting in loss of vehicle control prior warning.
All specifications are subject to change without notice.
Capacities
760 GLE 760 Turbo
Sedan
Fuel tank (approx.) 21 US gal. 21 US gal.
80 liters 80 liters
Cooling System 10.6 US qts. 10 US qts.
10 liters 9.5 liters
Engine 6.3 US qts 4.0 US qts*
at oil change 6.0 liters 3.85 liters
Engine, 6.3 US qts 3.5 US qts
excl. oil filter 6.0 liters 3.35 liters
Automatic transmission 7.9 US qts. 7.9 US qts.
(AW 71) 7.5 liters 7.5 liters
Rear axle 1.7 US qts 1.7 US qts
1.6 liters 1.6 liters
Power steering gear 1.05 US qts 0.7 US qts
1.0 liter 0.7 liter
* If oil cooler is drained, add 0.7 US qts (0.6 liter)
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pg. 128 Service manuals
Service Manuals for your Volvo are available for purchase. These are the same manuals used by
competent Volvo technicians.
Major sections within the Service Manual System include: 0-General Information; 1- Lubrication and
Service; 2- Engine; 3- Electrical System; 4- Power Transmission; 5-Brakes; 6- Suspension and Steering;
7- Springs Shock Absorbers and Wheels; 8- Body and Interior.
A Service Manual Catalog/Order form was placed in the car prior to delivery from the dealer to you.
Complete ordering information is provided.
Please note that these manuals may be offered for sale by your Volvo dealer. Prices charged by the
dealer can vary from those listed in the brochure (according to Federal law).
Additional copies of the brochure/Order Form may be obtained from your Volvo dealer, or by mail
directly from:
Volvo Cars of North America
Service Publications
One Volvo Drive
Rockleigh, New Jersey 07647
Note! The above pertains to USA only.
All specifications are subject to change without notice.
Volvo supports Voluntary Mechanic Certification by the A.S.E. Certified mechanics have demonstrated
a high degree of competence in specific areas.
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Volvo 1990 760 Model
Besides passing exams each mechanic must also have worked in the field for two or more years before a
certificate is issued. These professional mechanics are fully able to analyze vehicle problems and
perform the necessary service procedures to keep your Volvo at peak operating condition.
Note that the above pertains to USA only.
Your new Volvo comes with a four year road assistance program named ON-CALL. Additional
information, features, and benefits are described in a separate information package in your glove
compartment.
Inside cover page
WARNING!
Detergents and solvents
Do not use gasoline containing lead or benzene as a detergent or solvent. Both lead and benzene are
toxic and may be hazardous to your health.
WARNING!
Carbon monoxide is a poisonous, colorless and odorless gas which is present in all exhaust gases. If
you ever smell exhaust fumes from inside the vehicle, make sure the passenger compartment is
ventilated and immediately return the vehicle to your retailer for correction.
Never sit in a parked or stopped car for any extended amount of time, nor have it unattended while the
engine is running.
Never operate the engine in confined, unventilated areas.
Back Cover
VOLVO
Volvo Car Corporation
Goteborg, Sweden
TP3057/1 (Canada & U.S.A.) 15.5M, 08.89
Printed in Canada
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Volvo 1990 760 Model
Contents | Top of Page
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Volvo 1990 760 Model
Volvo Addendum
1990 700 Owner's Manuals
U.S.A. & Canada
pg. I Addendum
The information below contains changes to the 700 series 1990 Owner's Manuals; TP3056/1 08.89,
TP3057/1 08.89, TP3058/1 08.89
Corrections are listed in a three column format for easier use. The first column indicates topic, model
and page number reference. The second column is the present information. The third column indicates
the corrected information.
Topic/Model Pg. No.
Present Information
Corrections
Servicing (Brakes), 740 pg 97,
760 pg 103, 780 pg 91
Inspect Brakes. Replace
components as necessary. (The
present chart indicates this
inspection must take place at the
first 10,000 miles then every
10,000 miles thereafter .)
The corrected mileage
interval inspection must take
place the first 10,000 miles
then every 5,000 miles
thereafter.
Servicing (Exhaust Gas
Recirculation EGR), 740 pg 106,
760 pg 108
For the 740 , The present
information indicates; The EGR
valve should be inspected every
12,000 miles (20,000 km) and
cleaned every 24,000 miles
(40,000 km).
For the 760 , The present
information indicates; The EGR
valve should be cleaned after
48,000 miles (80,000 km) and
then at 24,000 mile (40,000 km)
intervals.
The corrected information for
all models is; The EGR valve
should be inspected at the
60,000 mile (96,000 km)
inspection and thereafter
cleaned every 20,000 miles
(32,000 km.)
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Volvo 1990 760 Model
Servicing (Timing Gear belt), 740
pg 103
The corrected information is;
The timing gear belt should
be adjusted at the 600-1,200
The present information indicates mile (1000-2000 km)
inspection for B230F/FT
the following; The timing gear
belt should be adjusted at the 600- engines or 5000 miles (8000
km) for B234F engines. For
1,200 mile (1000-2000 km)
inspection for B230F/FT engines the B234F engine only, the
first timing gear belt
or 5000 miles (8000 km) for
adjustment at 5000 miles
B234F engines. We recommend
(8000 km) will be done free
that the belt be replaced every
of charge. We recommend
50,000 miles (80,000 km).
that the timing gear belt be
replaced every 50,000 miles
(80,000 km) for both engines.
Servicing (Emission System
Maintenance/Automatic
Transmission Fluid), 740 pg 96
When performing this
The present statement for
Automatic Transmission fluid has operation refer to footnote 6
as well.
a deleted footnote 6
pg. II Addendum
Topic/Model Pg. No.
Present Information
Corrections
Servicing (Miscellaneous
Maintenance/ EGR valve), 740 pg
97
The present information within
the chart EGR valve, clean
indicates an inspection at 50,000
miles (80,000 km).
The EGR valve, clean
maintenance should be
performed at the 60,000 mile
(96,000 km) inspection
Servicing (Miscellaneous
Maintenance/ change brake fluid),
740 pg 97
Please disregard this footnote
The present information
as it does not apply to the
indicates a footnote after the
maintenance service to be
change brake fluid maintenance.
performed.
Servicing (Emission System
Maintenance/ Exhaust System),
760 pg 102, 780 pg 90
The present information
The correct information is:
indicates Exhaust System within Exhaust system (B280F
the chart.
engine only)
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Volvo 1990 760 Model
Servicing (Miscellaneous
Maintenance/ EGR, clean), 740 pg
103
The present information
indicates that EGR valve, clean
inspection should be performed
at the 50,000 mile (80,000 km)
interval.
The EGR valve, clean
inspection should be
performed at the 60,000 mile
(96,000 km) inspection
interval.
Fuel Requirements, Refueling
(Octane Rating) 740 pg 47, 760 pg
49
The present information under
Octane Rating, last sentence
indicates; Turbo models should
he run on RON 95 fuel only.
Please disregard this sentence.
Fuel requirements, Refueling
(Detergent or Injector Cleaning
Gasoline), 740 pg 47, 760 pg 49
The present information is;
Detergent or Injector Cleaning
Gasoline The use of specially
formulated gasoline which
contains so called "detergent
injector cleaning" additives is
allowed and recommended by
Volvo. The use of these
detergent additives in gasoline
has been shown to be effective
in reducing the buildup of
certain injector deposits.
The correct information is;
Deposit Control Gasolines Volvo strongly recommends
the use of gasoline that has
been refinery blended with
"Deposit Control" additives.
These additives are specially
formulated to prevent the
buildup of certain injector and
intake system deposits. Fuels
containing "Deposit Control"
additives are usually
advertised as such and may
have additional claims to
"clean injectors and intake
valves" or similar wording If it
is not clear whether the fuel
contains such additives, ask
the station operator for further
information regarding the
detergency of their gasolines.
Driving Economy, Carbon
Deposits (Carbon Deposit
Buildup), 740 pg 56 and Break in
Period, Fuel Requirements (Carbon
Deposit Buildup), 760 pg 48
The present information is:
NOTE: Volvo does not
recommend the use of fuel
additives as they can adversely
affect engine performance.
The correct information is;
NOTE: Volvo does not
recommend the use of bottled
or canned additives as they
can adversely affect engine
performance.
Back cover Addendum
VOLVO
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Volvo 1990 760 Model
VOLVO NORTH AMERICA CORPORATION
SP0257 150M 09.89 Printed in U.S.A
Contents | Top of Page
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