OPERATORS MANUAL
Klark Teknik Group,
Klark Teknik Building,
Walter Nash Road,
Kidderminster.
Worcestershire.
DY11 7HJ.
England.
Tel:+44 1562 741515
Fax:+44 1562 745371
Email: sales@ktgplc.com
Website: www.midasconsoles.com
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
CAUTION
RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT OPEN
WARNING: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF FIRE OR ELECTRIC SHOCK,
DO NOT EXPOSE THIS APPLIANCE TO RAIN OR MOISTURE
AVIS: RISQUE DE CHOC ELECTRIQUE. NE PAS OUVRIR
These symbols are internationally accepted symbols that warn of potential hazards with
electrical products.
The lightning flash with arrowhead symbol, within an equilateral
triangle is intended to alert the user to the presence of uninsulated
“dangerous voltage” within the product's enclosure that may be of
sufficient magnitude to constitute a risk of electric shock to persons.
The exclamation point within an equilateral triangle is intended to alert
the user to the presence of important operating and maintenance
(servicing) instructions in the literature accompanying the appliance.
1. Read these instructions.
2. Keep these instructions.
3. Heed all warnings.
4. Follow all instructions.
5. Do not use this apparatus near water.
6. Clean only with a dry cloth.
7. Do not block any of the ventilation openings. Install in accordance with the manufacturers
instructions.
8. Do not install near any heat sources such as radiators, heat registers, stoves, or other apparatus
(including amplifiers) that produce heat.
9. Do not defeat the safety purpose of the polarized or grounding-type plug. A polarized plug has two
blades with one wider than the other. A grounding type plug has two blades and a third grounding
prong. The wide blade or the third prong are provided for your safety. If the provided plug does not
fit into your outlet, consult an electrician for replacement of the obsolete outlet.
10. Protect the power cord from being walked on or pinched particularly at plugs, convenience
receptacles, and the point where they exit from the apparatus.
11. Only use attachments / accessories specified by the manufacturer.
12. Unplug this apparatus during lightning storms or when unused for long periods of time.
13. Refer all servicing to qualified personnel. Servicing is required when the apparatus is damaged in
any way, such as power-supply cord or plug is damaged, liquid has been spilled or objects have
fallen into the apparatus, the apparatus has been exposed to rain or moisture, does not operate
normally, or has been dropped.
Walter Nash Road, Kidderminster, Worcestershire. DY11 7HJ. England
Tel: +44 1562 741515. Fax: +44 1562 745371
Company Registration No: 2414018
abc abc
SIGNAL PROCESSING BY DEFINITION
DESIGNED FOR A PURE PERFORMANCE
DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
We, Klark Teknik Group (UK) Plc
of,
Klark Teknik Building, Walter Nash Road, Kidderminster, Worcestershire, DY11 7HJ.
Declare that a sample of the following product:Product Type Number
Verona
Product Description
Professional Audio
Mixing Desk
Nominal Voltage (s) Current
115V AC
230V AC
2.2A
1.1A
Freq
50/60Hz
to which this declaration refers, is in conformity with the following directives and/or standards:Directive(s)
Generic Standard using EN55103 Limits and Methods
Class B Conduct Emissions
Class B Radiated Emissions
Fast Transient Bursts
Static Discharge
Electrical Safety
Signed:............................
Name: Simon Harrison
Test Standard(s)
EN55103
EN55103
EN61000-4-4
EN61000-4-2
EN60065:2002
UL60065-03 Pending
CAN/CSA60065-03 Pending
IEC60065-2001 Pending
Date: 1st January 2004
Authority: Research and Development Director, Klark Teknik Group (UK) Plc
Attention!
Where applicable, the attention of the specifier, purchaser, installer or user is drawn to special limitations
of use which must be observed when these products are taken into service to maintain compliance with
the above directives. Details of these special measures and limitations to use are available on request
and are available in product manuals.
A Subsidiary of Telex Communications, Inc.
Thank You for using a Midas Verona mixing console. The Verona has been developed to meet the needs of demanding
live sound engineers and meets the quality of build and performance that you would expect from a Midas.
The Verona is an all purpose FOH, Monitor or FOH and Monitor Hybrid console that is quickly and easily configurable.
Each mono input channel offers microphone and line inputs, direct output and insert points and four band sweep
equaliser stage. In addition the Verona has a flexible buss structure allowing the engineer to mix in stereo or LCR.
The Verona, also allows the user to route to any of 20 other busses (8 Auxiliary Busses, 8 Group Busses and 4 Matrix
Busses) for even the most demanding application.
All backed up, of course, by the standard Midas Three Year Warranty.
Please take the time to complete and return the registration card and, to obtain the best results with a minimum of
effort, also read this operators manual.
Finally,
Enjoy your new Midas Verona Console!
Contents
ATTENTION: Installation and power
6
Mono Input Channels
Rear Panel and Gain
Equalisation
Auxiliary Outputs
Pan and Routing
Metering and Automutes
7
8
9
10
11
12
Multifunction Input Channels
Rear Panel and Gain
Channel Equalisation
Auxiliary Outputs
Pan and Routing
Metering, Automutes and Hints and Tips
13
14
15
16
17
18
Output Module
Output Module notes
Groups
Matrix
Meters
Features
19
20
21
22
24
26
Setting up the Verona
27
Functional Block Diagrams
Mono Input
Multifunction Input
Group/Matrix Module
Master Module
33
34
35
36
37
Dimensions and Weights
39
Rear Panel Description
41
Specification and Features
43
Crib Sheet
47
Operators Manual - Page 5
ATTENTION
The following special limitations must be observed in order to maintain safety and electromagnetic
compatibility performance.
Power Connection
Electric Fields
The console should only be operated with the power If the console is operated in an electromagnetic field that is
supply connected to ground via the ground in the mains amplitude modulated by an audio frequency signal, the signal to
connector.
noise ratio may be degraded. Degradation of up to 60dB may be
experienced under extreme conditions (3V/m, 90%
Audio Connections
modulation).
The console should only be operated with high quality
twisted-pair audio cables. All connector shells should be
of metal construction so that they provide a screen when
connected to the console. All jack connector shells should
be connected to the cable screen. All XLR plugs should
have pin one (1) connected to the cable screen.
INSTALLATION
Position
The position of the console will vary from venue to venue. However, when positioning the console for front of house usage it
is worth placing the console in a position where the sound system used can be heard properly from the mix position. Try to
avoid placing the console behind pillars or large objects , or mixing from a level above the speaker position (e.g. from a
balcony).
Also try to avoid placing the console near or on any power distribution units or power amplifiers.
Power
If using an external power supply, it should be located as far away from the console as the connecting cable will allow. The
power supply should be set for the voltage supply available in your area and plugged into the mains outlet using the cable
provided.
!
THE POWER SUPPLY SHOULD NEVER BE OPERATED WITH
THE MAINS EARTH DISCONNECTED
Please note that the power supply contains LETHAL VOLTAGES greatly in excess of
the mains voltage and that it’s rails can produce extremely large currents which
could burn out equipment and wiring if shorted. All testing and servicing should
ONLY be carried out by a qualified engineer.
Connections
To ensure the correct and reliable operation or your Midas Verona console, only high quality screened twisted pair
audio cable and metal bodied connectors should be used.
1
3
2
Female XLR
RCA (Tape In/Out)
Pin 1 - Screen/Ground
Pin 2 - Hot Signal
Pin 3 - Cold Signal
Centre - Signal
Surround - Screen
The Venice’s Tape In/Out sockets are
unbalanced and operate at a nominal
signal level of -10dBu.
Male XLR
2
1
3
Pin 1 - Screen/Ground
Pin 2 - Hot Signal
Pin 3 - Cold Signal
Fo r i n c r e a s e d p r o t e c t i o n a g a i n s t
interference use metal bodied RCA plugs.
Note: Sockets are viewed from the front face.
Quarter Inch Jack
TRS Signal
Sleeve Screen/Ground
Ring
Cold Signal
Tip
Hot Signal
TRS Insert
Screen/Ground
Insert Return
Insert Send
TRS Headphone
Screen/Ground
Right
Left
Operators Manual - Page 6
Mono Input Channel
Operators Manual - Page 7
Mono Input Channels
Rear Panel
48v
-15
power
pad
+30
+45
+15
+60
insert
O
mic
direct
out
ins
60
160
20
400
hi-pass
-15
5k
+15
10k
2k
20k
treble
-15
one insert point on a single TRS jack socket.
one direct output on a single impedance balanced quarter-inch jack socket
one line in quarter-inch TRS balanced jack socket
one mic XLR female
51
mic gain
line in line
left L
(stereo only)
line in right
line
in
3k
400
8k
300
1k
100
2k
hi-mid
PUSH
lo-mid
-15
100
20
200
Tip - Channel Signal Send
Ring - Channel Signal Return
Sleeve - Signal Common Ground
The direct out and insert points operate at a nominal level of 0dBu.
mic
XLR - 1. Screen - 2. Hot Signal - 3. Cold Signal
TRS - T. Hot Signal - R. Cold Signal - S. Screen
Note: Direct outputs as standard are set post EQ pre mute, however there is an
internal jumper which will set them pre EQ and pre insert (refer to the service manual
or contact your authorised Midas service agent).
+15
50
The insert point is unbalanced and requires a conventionally wired insert lead where:
Balanced XLR and Jack inputs are conventionally wired:
+15
1k
The Verona channel inputs are located on the rear of the console.
Each mono channel provides
bass
+15
-15
Front Panel
aux pre
eq
on
eq
off
0
aux 1
The actual number of mono input channels on your Verona will depend upon your choice of frame, however functionality
remains the same
+6
-15dB Pad - The Pad switch provides 15dB
attenuation to the input signal allowing for
the connection of high output microphones
and line level signals without overloading
the channel input amplifier. Overloads are
indicated on the in-channel meter by the
red LED at the top.
0
aux 2
+6
0
aux 3
+6
0
aux 4
+6
0
aux 5
+6
0
aux 6
48V Power - When depressed, the Verona
will apply 48 volts phantom power to the
microphone input. This is used to power
condenser microphones, direct inject boxes
and other devices that require phantom
power.
48v
-15
power
pad
+30
+45
+15
+60
+6
0
aux 7
pre
+6
The red phantom LED will light to indicate
that 48V phantom is in operation.
0
aux 8
pre
+6
groups
1-2
5-6
7-8
mono
stereo
c
l
master
sis
MUTE
SOLO
10
18
12
5
mic gain
mic
ins
Ins - The ins switch enables the channel
insert point by connecting the insert return
to the channel signal path so that
compressors, gates or other dynamic and
signal processors or effects can be used.
r
pan
groups
pan
Mic Ø - The mic phase switch, when
depressed, causes a 180 degree phase
change (with respect to the input signal) to
occur in the input amplifier such that the
channel signal will have opposite polarity to
the input signal.
O
3-4
0
-18
0
Mic Gain - The mic gain is continuously
variable from +15dB to +60dB (0dB to
+45dB with the Pad enabled). The actual
value of the gain required will depend upon
the source and should ideally be set such
that peaks in level on the input should not
cause the input amplifier to overload
(occasional peaks of +12dB is okay, +18dB
is too high).
The mic phase switch is commonly needed
where two microphones are used facing
each other (for example when using a
microphone on both the top and bottom of a
snare drum). Ordinarily the two
microphones would be out of phase causing
cancellation when the console sums the two
signals into the output. Reversing the phase
of one signal causes the microphones to
have the same phase and no cancellation.
5
60
10 mute 1
15
mute 2
20
30 mute 3
40
mute 4
Hi-Pass - The high pass switch enables
high pass filter on the microphone input.
This is commonly used to remove handling
noise, bass rumble through coupling with
the stage or mains hum.
hi-pass
20
160
400
MIDAS
Operators Manual - Page 8
High Pass Frequency - The cutoff
frequency of the high pass filter is
continuously variable from 20Hz to 400Hz.
Mono Input Channels
48v
-15
power
pad
+30
+45
+15
+60
Channel Equalisation
Each mono input channel of the Verona has a four (4) band sweep EQ
allowing tonal control over the input signal.
mic gain
O
mic
ins
60
160
20
400
5k
+15
10k
2k
20k
hi-pass
-15
treble
-15
-15
+15
1k
5k
3k
hi-mid
+15
10k
treble
400
8k
300
1k
100
2k
Treble (Gain) - The gain of the treble equaliser is continuously variable from -15dB to +15dB with
a centre detent at 0dB.
Treble (frequency) - The centre frequency of the treble equaliser is continuously variable from
2kHz to 20kHz.
lo-mid
-15
+15
50
100
20
200
Hi-Mid (Gain) - The gain of the hi-mid equaliser is continuously variable from -15dB to +15dB
with a centre detent at 0dB.
bass
-15
+15
-15
+15
1k
3k
400
8k
300
1k
hi-mid
aux pre
eq
on
eq
off
Hi-Mid (frequency) - The centre frequency of the hi-mid equaliser is continuously variable from
400Hz to 8kHz.
0
aux 1
+6
lo-mid
0
100
2k
Lo-Mid (frequency) - The centre frequency of the lo-mid equaliser is continuously variable from
100Hz to 2kHz.
aux 2
+6
Lo-Mid (Gain) - The gain of the lo-mid equaliser is continuously variable from -15dB to +15dB
with a centre detent at 0dB.
0
aux 3
+6
0
-15
+15
aux 4
+6
0
50
100
aux 5
Bass (frequency) - The centre frequency of the bass equaliser is continuously variable from 20Hz
to 200Hz.
+6
0
bass
aux 6
20
200
+6
0
aux 7
pre
Bass (Gain) - The gain of the bass equaliser is continuously variable from -15dB to +15dB with a
centre detent at 0dB.
+6
0
aux 8
pre
-15
+15
+6
groups
1-2
aux pre
3-4
eq
off
5-6
7-8
mono
stereo
c
l
r
pan
groups
pan
eq
on
EQ On - The Equaliser can be enabled by depressing the EQ On switch. Otherwise changes on the
Equaliser controls have no effect. This can be used to compare the sound with and without EQ
during sound check.
master
sis
EQ Off (aux pre) - If desired, the channel signal can be sent to the auxiliary outputs without
equalisation. Depressing the EQ Off (Aux Pre) switch causes pre-fader auxiliary sends 1-6 to be
sourced before the channel equaliser (Pre-EQ) as the factory standard. However aux sends 7-8 can be linked to
the pre EQ off switch, as well as 1-6, via an internal jumper (refer to the service manual or contact your
authorised Midas service agent). Note: Post fader sends are always Post EQ.
MUTE
SOLO
10
18
12
5
0
-18
0
5
10 mute 1
15
mute 2
20
30 mute 3
40
mute 4
MIDAS
Operators Manual - Page 9
Mono Input Channels
48v
-15
power
pad
+30
+45
+15
+60
Auxiliary Outputs
mic gain
O
mic
The Verona has 8 auxiliary outputs which can be used for effects sends,
monitors or as extra assignable outputs from the console.
ins
60
160
20
400
5k
+15
10k
2k
20k
hi-pass
-15
treble
-15
+15
1k
3k
400
8k
300
1k
100
2k
Pre-Fade auxiliary (aux) sends are sourced after the channel Insert,
Mute and EQ but before the channel fader (and EQ if the Aux Pre EQ
switch is depressed). As a result, the actual level sent to the aux buss is proportional to the aux send control only.
Post-Fade aux sends are sourced after the channel Insert, Mute, EQ and channel Fader. As a result, the actual
level sent to the aux buss is proportional to the aux send control AND the channel fader.
hi-mid
Typical uses of auxiliaries are:
lo-mid
-15
Application
Stage Monitors
Pre/Post Fade
Pre (Post-EQ)
Reason
The level in the monitor stays constant so that
the engineer can change the FOH level without
affecting the performer.
Effects Sends
Post
The level sent to the effects is proportional to the
level on the fader so the balance between wet
(processed) and dry (un-processed) sound
stays the same even when the channel level is
changed
Multi Track Recording
or Monitors from FOH
Pre (Pre-EQ)
The recording is made at constant level without
any equalisation so that changes in the mix level
and EQ can be set in post-production. (You can
also use the Direct Out for this but the output will
be at unity).
Mixed Recording
(for the artist)
Post(Post-EQ)
If the aux is set to unity, the FOH mix is
replicated on the aux output including EQ but
excluding PAN.
+15
50
100
20
200
bass
+15
-15
aux pre
eq
on
eq
off
0
aux 1
+6
0
aux 2
+6
0
aux 3
+6
0
aux 4
+6
0
aux 5
+6
0
aux 6
+6
0
aux 7
pre
+6
0
aux 8
pre
0
+6
groups
1-2
aux 6
3-4
+6
Aux sends 1 through 6 are globally switched Pre or Post Fader. However, Aux 7 and 8 may be
individually sourced either Post Fader or Pre Fader using the selector switch on the channel and
can not be set pre-EQ. However aux sends 7-8 can be linked to the pre EQ off switch, as well as 16, via an internal jumper (refer to the service manual or contact your authorised Midas service
agent).
5-6
0
7-8
mono
stereo
c
aux 7
pre
Please note that, for illustration purposes, auxiliary 1 through 5 sends have been omitted but work
in the same manner as auxiliary 6 (illustrated).
+6
l
groups
pan
0
r
pan
master
sis
MUTE
Aux Send Level - The auxiliary send level is continuously variable from off (-inf) to +6dB.
aux 8
pre
+6
SOLO
10
18
12
5
Aux 7/8 Pre - Auxiliary 7 and 8 sends are assignable Pre of Post fader. When depressed, the auxiliary is sources
pre-fader (i.e. the channel fader has no effect upon the level of the signal sent to the auxiliary).
0
-18
0
Note: When a channel Mute is enabled, aux sends for the channel are also muted.
5
10 mute 1
15
mute 2
20
30 mute 3
40
mute 4
MIDAS
Operators Manual - Page 10
Mono Input Channels
48v
-15
power
pad
+30
+45
+15
+60
Pan and Routing
mic gain
O
mic
The Verona is a flexible mixing console with eight group buss outputs
plus stereo and mono outputs.
ins
60
160
20
400
5k
+15
10k
2k
20k
hi-pass
-15
Groups
Signal can be routed to any of the eight group busses by depressing
the corresponding group select switch.
treble
Group sends are post channel equalisation, mute and fader.
The group sends can be configured in either of two modes:-
-15
+15
1k
3k
400
8k
300
1k
100
2k
hi-mid
1. Pre-Pan (mono)
Each group is sent the same mono signal.
lo-mid
i.e. Selecting 1, 2 & 3 will send to each group equally.
-15
+15
50
100
20
200
bass
+15
-15
aux pre
eq
on
eq
off
0
aux 1
+6
2. Post-Pan (stereo)
Each pair of groups behave as if they were stereo groups. The mono signal is positioned in a stereo field by
the pan control. The Left signal is routed to the odd numbered buss and the right to the even numbered
buss.
i.e. Selecting groups 1, 2 & 3 with pan hard left will result in signal being routed to groups 1 & 3 only.
Similarly, with pan hard right, signal will be sent only to group 2.
This configuration is made by depressing the ‘Groups Pan’ key for stereo group operation or released for mono
group mode.
0
aux 2
+6
0
This selection, however, is on a channel-by-channel basis and so some may be assigned to the groups as mono or
as stereo depending upon the desired usage.
aux 3
+6
0
For example:
aux 4
+6
0
aux 5
+6
Application
Multitrack Recording
Mono
Alternative/Delay Output
Stereo
0
Config. Reason
Inputs can be sent to a particular input on the multitrack recorder
without affecting the stereo image used at FOH.
aux 6
+6
0
aux 7
pre
+6
0
The Group would behave in the same manner as the stereo
output allowing for separate levelcontrol but retaining the original
stereo image from FOH.
aux 8
pre
+6
groups
1-2
3-4
Group 1-8 - Depressing the group switch
routes the channel signal to the group
busses as described above.
Stereo - Depressing the stereo switch
routes the channel signal to the stereo
(main left and right) buss (post-EQ, pan,
mute and fader).
groups
5-6
1-2
7-8
mono
stereo
c
l
3-4
5-6
r
pan
groups
pan
Mono - Depressing the mono switch routes
the channel signal to the mono buss (postEQ, mute and fader).
master
sis
MUTE
SOLO
10
18
12
5
0
-18
0
Pan - The pan control allows the channel
signal to be positioned in a stereo field when
routed to the stereo buss or when group
sends are configured to be stereo. The pan
control allows continuous adjustment of the
image from hard left, to hard right with a
centre detent and obeys a constant power
law (i.e. -3dB at the centre so that the
output power remains at unity).
7-8
mono
stereo
c
l
pan
r
5
10 mute 1
15
mute 2
20
30 mute 3
40
mute 4
Groups Pan - As described above the
Verona’s group sends may be configured by
depressing the ‘Groups Pan’ key for stereo
group operation or released for mono group
mode.
groups
pan
Master SIS - The master SIS switch will
enable the spacial imaging system
whereby the channel pan control operates
in a different way. When panned hard left,
signal is routed to the stereo left output as
normal, similarly when panned hard right,
the signal is routed to the stereo right
output as normal. However, when panned
centre, the signal is routed ONLY to the
mono output creating a LCR (left-centreright) system instead of the normal LR
(left-right) system.
master
sis
You may use SIS mode if using a centre
speaker for speech or solo instruments
while retaining the stereo for backing
vocals and instruments.
MUTE
MIDAS
Operators Manual - Page 11
Mute - The mute switch mutes the channel
signal. Note that signal will still be sent to
the insert point and to the direct output.
The mute status of the channel is indicated
by the corresponding mute LED
Mono Input Channels
48v
-15
power
pad
+30
+45
+15
+60
mic gain
O
mic
ins
60
160
20
400
5k
+15
10k
2k
20k
hi-pass
-15
treble
-15
+15
1k
3k
400
8k
300
1k
100
2k
hi-mid
lo-mid
-15
+15
50
100
20
200
Solo - When depressed, the channel signal
will be sent to the After Fade Listen (AFL)
stereo and Pre Fade Listen (PFL) mono
outputs. The solo LED indicator will
illuminate to show that the channel solo is
active.
The Left and Right Monitor and the PFL
console outputs can be used, for example,
when operating from within a booth to hear
selected solos and not the whole FOH mix.
4 LED Meter - Each input channel contains
in-channel monitoring allowing the user to
monitor the input signal without the need for
using the PFL.
SOLO
10
18
12
5
0
-18
bass
+15
-15
aux pre
eq
on
eq
off
Note: If Solo In Place is activated on the
console, any active input solos will replace
the master outputs completely until the solo
is removed.
0
The in-channel meter is especially useful
when setting the microphone gain of a
channel. Also, as the, meter is post-EQ, it is
possible to see the effect that the channel
equalisation has upon the level. It may be
necessary to turn the input gain down when
excessive EQ is used to prevent the channel
from overloading.
-18db
0dB
+12dB
+18dB
5
0
aux 1
+6
0
aux 2
Channel Fader - The channel fader allows
for continuous adjustment of the channel
level from off (-inf) to +10dB.
10 mute 1
+6
0
aux 3
+6
0
aux 4
+6
0
At 0dB, the output of the channel to the
Stereo, Mono and Group busses will be at
unity (i.e. no boost or cut in level from the
input).
15
mute 2
20
30 mute 3
- Signal Present
- Normal Level
- High Level
- Overload (Peak)
Note: The LED meter and the direct output
are fed from the same source and are PostInsert and EQ but Pre-Fader and Mute. The
channel in-line meter and direct output are
unaffected by the channel mute or
automutes.
aux 5
40
+6
0
mute 4
aux 6
+6
0
aux 7
pre
+6
0
aux 8
pre
+6
groups
1-2
Mute 1,2,3 & 4 - The Verona has four (4) automute busses that can be controlled from the centre section of the
console. To assign an input channel to an automute, switch in the desired mute switch.
3-4
Commonly, these are used to mute similar channels, for example:
5-6
7-8
mono
stereo
c
l
r
pan
groups
pan
master
sis
MUTE
SOLO
10
18
Channels
Drum Mics
Reason
Allows the engineer to mute the whole drum kit at once.
Choir Overheads Allows the engineer to quickly remove all choir mics at once
Orchestra Parts
Allows the engineer to zone mics together (e.g. Brass, Strings,
etc.) and mute sections together if they were not playing.
Note that if any assigned automute or the channel mute is activated then the channel will be muted until all
assigned automutes and the channel mute are removed (i.e. the mutes work like a logical OR where any single or
combination of mutes will mute the channel output).
12
5
0
-18
0
5
10 mute 1
15
mute 2
20
30 mute 3
40
mute 4
MIDAS
Operators Manual - Page 12
Multi Function
Input Channel
Operators Manual - Page 13
Multi Function Input Channels
Rear Panel
insert
The Verona channel inputs are located on the rear of the console. Each multifunction channel
provides:
one insert point on a single TRS jack socket;
two quarter-inch TRS balanced line in jack socket inputs;
one mic XLR female.
51
direct
out
line in line
left L
(stereo only)
line in right
line
in
The insert point operates on the XLR microphone input only (i.e. not on the line inputs) and is
unbalanced and conventionally wired insert where:
Tip - Channel Signal Send
Ring - Channel Signal Return
Sleeve - Signal Common Ground
The insert points operate at a nominal level of 0dBu and acts only upon the MIC input.
Balanced XLR and Jack inputs are conventionally wired:
PUSH
mic
XLR - 1. Screen - 2. Hot Signal - 3. Cold Signal
TRS - T. Hot Signal - R. Cold Signal - S. Screen
Front Panel
The actual number of multifunction input channels on your Midas Verona will depend upon your choice of frame. However,
each frame functions in essentially the same way.
The red phantom power LED will light to
indicate that phantom power is being
applied.
Mic Ø - The microphone phase switch
causes a 180 degree phase change (with
respect to the input) to occur in the input
amplifier inverting the phase of the
microphone signal to the channel. This is
generally desirable when trying to sum two
signals that are out of phase which would
lead to cancellation (especially at low
frequencies). For example, when trying to
use microphone signals from both the top
and bottom head of a snare drum.
48v
-15
power
pad
+30
+45
+15
+60
mic gain
mic
O
48v Power - When depressed, the Verona
will apply 48 volts phantom power the
channel’s microphone input to power
condenser microphones, direct inject boxes
or other devices that require phantom
power.
ins
Note: On stereo channels, the phase switch has no effect
upon the left and right line inputs.
Mic Pad - The Pad switch provides 15dB
attenuation on the input to allow the
connection of high output microphones
and line level signals (to the microphone
input) without overloading the channel’s
input amplifier.
Note: On multifunction channels, the Pad
switch has no effect upon the left & right
line level inputs.
Mic Gain - The microphone gain is
continuously variable from +15dB to
+60dB (effective channel input gain 0dB to
+45dB with pad enabled). The pre-fade
channel input level can be monitored on
the in-channel LED meter (discussed later
in this section).
Ins - The insert switch enables the channel
insert point by connecting the insert return
to the channel signal signal path. This
allows for the insertion of dynamic
processors or effects into the signal path
(for example, compression, limiting or
gating of microphone signals).
Note: On stereo channels, the channel insert has no
effect upon the left and right line inputs.
80Hz
hi-pass
0
+20
line gain
stereo
mono
image wide
Hi-Pass - The high pass switch enables an 80Hz high pass filter on the microphone input. This
is commonly used to remove handling noise, bass rumble through coupling with the stage or
mains hum. Note: On stereo channels, the channel HPF has no effect upon the left and right line inputs.
Line Gain - The line gain is continuously variable from off (-inf) to +20dB allowing for low
level line signals to be trimmed to obtain the optimal signal level. The pre-fade input signal
level can be monitored using the in-channel LED meter (discussed later in this section).
Image - The image control controls the stereo image of the channel and is continuously
variable from mono through Left-Right stereo to a wide stereo image. The wide stereo image
uses phase cancellation techniques to create a ‘wider’ sounding signal by removing an
amount of signal common to both the left and right signals.
Note: The Line and MIC inputs are summed together and can be used simultaneously sharing the channel controls.
Operators Manual - Page 14
Multi Function Input Channels
48V
-15
power
pad
+30
+45
+15
+60
Channel Equalisation
mic gain
O
mic
ins
The Verona’s multifunction channels each have treble and bass
shelving EQ and hi and lo-mid sweep EQ stages for tonal control.
80Hz
hi-pass
0
+20
line gain
stereo
treble
mono
image wide
treble
Treble - The treble shelving EQ gain is continuously variable from -15dB to +15dB.
-15
+15
-15
+15
1k5
-15
+15
-15
+15
3k
Hi-Mid Gain - The Hi-mid gain is continuously variable from -15dB to +15dB.
hi-mid
600
300
8k
500
lo-mid
1k2
100
-15
+15
-15
+15
bass
1k5
3k
Hi-Mid Frequency - The centre frequency of the hi-mid EQ is continuously variable from
600Hz to 8kHz allowing the operator to select the desired centre frequency for the equaliser.
hi-mid
600
300
8k
500
lo-mid
aux pre
1k2
100
eq
on
eq
off
Lo-Mid Frequency - The centre frequency of the lo-mid EQ is continuously variable from
100Hz to 1.2kHz allowing the operator to select the desired centre frequency for the equaliser.
Lo-Mid Gain - The Lo-mid gain is continuously variable from -15dB to +15dB.
0
aux 1
+6
0
-15
bass
+15
aux 2
+6
Bass Gain - The bass shelving EQ gain is continuously variable from -15dB to +15dB.
0
aux 3
+6
0
-15
+15
aux 4
+6
0
aux 5
+6
0
aux 6
EQ On - The channel equalisation stages are enabled by depressing the EQ on switch.
Otherwise the settings of the channel EQ will have no effect.
aux pre
eq
off
eq
on
+6
0
aux 7
pre
+6
0
aux 8
pre
+6
groups
1-2
EQ Off (aux Pre) - When depressed, auxiliary sends 1 through 6 will be sourced preequalisation. Otherwise auxiliary sends will be sourced post EQ. The use of this option depends
upon how the auxiliary sends are to be used. Aux sends 7-8 can be linked to the pre EQ off
switch, as well as 1-6, via an internal jumper (refer to the service manual or contact your
authorised Midas service agent).
3-4
5-6
7-8
mono
stereo
c
l
r
pan
groups
pan
MUTE
stereo
SOLO
10
18
12
5
0
-18
0
5
10
mute 1
15 mute 2
20
mute 3
30
40 mute 4
MIDAS
Operators Manual - Page 15
Multi Function Input Channels
48V
-15
power
pad
+30
+45
+15
+60
Auxiliary Outputs
mic gain
O
mic
ins
Note: Multifunction L and R channel signals are summed into a mono
signal to be routed to the auxiliary busses by the channel aux sends.
80Hz
hi-pass
0
The Verona has eight (8) auxiliary outputs which can be used for
effects sends, monitor sends or as extra assignable outputs from the
+20
line gain
stereo
console.
mono
image wide
treble
-15
Pre-Fade auxiliary (aux) 1-6 sends are sourced after the channel Insert, Mute and EQ but before the channel fader
(and EQ if the Aux Pre EQ switch is depressed). As a result, the actual level sent to the aux buss is proportional to
the aux send control only.
+15
-15
+15
1k5
3k
hi-mid
600
300
8k
500
100
1k2
Post-Fade aux sends are sourced after the channel Insert, Mute, EQ and channel Fader. As a result, the actual
level sent to the aux buss is proportional to the aux send control AND the channel fader.
lo-mid
-15
+15
-15
+15
bass
Typical uses of auxiliaries are:
Application
Stage Monitors
Pre/Post Fade
Pre (Post-EQ)
Reason
The level in the monitor stays constant so that
the engineer can change the FOH level without
affecting the performer.
Effects Sends
Post
The level sent to the effects is proportional to the
level on the fader so the balance between wet
(processed) and dry (un-processed) sound
stays the same even when the channel level is
changed
Multi Track Recording
Pre (Pre-EQ)
The recording is made at constant level without
any equalisation so that changes in the mix level
and EQ can be set in post-production. (You can
also use the Direct Out for this but the output will
be at unity).
Mixed Recording
Post (Post-EQ)
If the aux is set to unity, the FOH mix is
replicated on the aux output including EQ but
excluding PAN.
aux pre
eq
on
eq
off
0
aux 1
+6
0
aux 2
+6
0
aux 3
+6
0
aux 4
+6
0
aux 5
+6
0
aux 6
+6
0
aux 7
pre
+6
0
aux 8
pre
+6
groups
1-2
Aux sends 1 through 6 are always globally switchable pre or post fader. However, Aux 7 and 8 may individually be
sourced either Post Fader or Pre Fader using the selector switch on the channel and can not be pre-EQ.
3-4
Please note that, for illustration puposes, auxiliary 1 through 4 sends have been omitted but work in the same
manner as auxiliary 6 (illustrated).
5-6
7-8
mono
stereo
0
c
aux 5
l
r
pan
+6
groups
pan
Aux Send Level - The auxiliary send level is continuously variable from off (-inf) to +6dB.
0
MUTE
aux 6
stereo
+6
SOLO
0
10
18
12
5
0
aux 7
pre
Aux 7/8 Pre - Both aux 7 and aux 8 are assignable Pre or Post fader. When depressed, the
auxiliary is sourced pre-fader (i.e. the channel fader has no effect upon the level of the
signal sent to the auxiliary).
+6
-18
0
0
aux 8
pre
5
+6
10
NOTE: Stereo modules can equally be used for mono signals (plugged in via the
microphone socket). The EQ on the stereo channels has fixed frequency high and low
sections which are optimised for vocals.
mute 1
15 mute 2
20
mute 3
30
40 mute 4
MIDAS
Operators Manual - Page 16
Multi Function Input Channels
48V
-15
power
pad
+30
+45
+15
+60
Pan and Routing
mic gain
O
mic
The Verona is a flexible mixing console with eight group buss outputs
plus stereo and mono outputs.
ins
80Hz
hi-pass
Groups
0
+20
line gain
Signal can be routed to any of the eight group busses by depressing the corresponding group select switch.
stereo
mono
image wide
treble
-15
Group sends are post channel equalisation, mute and fader.
The group sends can be configured in either of two modes:-
+15
-15
+15
1k5
3k
hi-mid
600
300
8k
500
100
1k2
lo-mid
-15
+15
-15
+15
bass
2. Post-Pan (stereo)
Each pair of groups behave as if they were stereo groups. The relative odd and even numbered send
level is controlled by the pan control.
This configuration is made by depressing the ‘Groups Pan’ key for stereo group operation or released for mono
group mode.
aux pre
eq
on
eq
off
1. Pre-Pan (mono)
The stereo signals are sent to the busses as a mono sum of L & R regardless of the pan control.
0
aux 1
This selection is on a channel-by-channel basis and so some may be assigned to the groups as mono or as stereo
depending upon the desired usage which is especially useful if the stereo input is to be used as a mono input.
+6
0
For example:
aux 2
+6
0
aux 3
+6
0
Application
Multitrack Recording
Config. Reason
Mono
Inputs can be sent to a particular input on the
multitrack recorder without affecting the stereo
image used at FOH.
Alternative/Delay Output
Stereo
aux 4
+6
0
aux 5
+6
0
aux 6
+6
0
aux 7
pre
The Group would behave in the same manner as
the stereo output allowing for separate level
control but retaining the original stereo image
from FOH.
+6
0
aux 8
pre
+6
groups
1-2
3-4
Group 1-8 - Depressing the group switch
routes the channel signals as described
above.
Stereo - Depressing the stereo switch
routes the channel signals to the stereo
(main left and right) buss (post-EQ, pan
and fader).
groups
1-2
5-6
7-8
mono
stereo
c
l
pan
MUTE
stereo
SOLO
18
12
5
0
-18
0
Pan - The pan control allows continuous
reciprocal adjustment of the stereo image
created by the channel. In the case of a
mono microphone signal this will be a simple
L-R pan, where, with a stereo signal this will
be a balance allowing the user to determine
the relative output power to each the Left
and Right ouput. At all points the pan retains
constant power (i.e. -3dB at the centre, 0dB
at each extreme).
Mute - The mute switch mutes the channel
signal. Note that signal will still be sent to
the insert point and to the direct output.
The mute status of the channel is indicated
by the corresponding mute LED.
5-6
7-8
mono
stereo
The channel can also be muted by the four
(4) assignable mute groups which will be
explained later in this section.
c
l
pan
r
groups
pan
5
10
3-4
r
groups
pan
10
Mono - Depressing the mono switch routes
the channel signals to the mono buss (postEQ and fader).
mute 1
15 mute 2
20
mute 3
30
40 mute 4
Groups Pan - As described above the
Verona’s group sends may be configured by
depressing the ‘Groups Pan’ key for stereo
group operation or released for mono group
mode.
MUTE
stereo
SOLO
Note: That SIS is not available on stereo input channels.
MIDAS
Operators Manual - Page 17
Solo - When depressed, the channel signal
will be sent to the AFL stereo and PFL mono
outputs. The solo LED indicator will
illuminate to show that the channel solo is
active.
The Left and Right Monitor and the PFL
console outputs can be used, for example,
when operating from within a booth to hear
selected solos and not the whole FOH mix.
Note: If Solo In Place is activated on the console, any
active solos will replace the master outputs completely
until the solo is removed.
Multi Function Input Channels
48V
-15
power
pad
+30
+45
+15
+60
mic gain
O
mic
ins
80Hz
hi-pass
0
+20
line gain
Mute 1,2,3 & 4 - The Verona has four (4)
automute busses that can be controlled
from the centre section of the console. To
assign an input channel to an automute,
switch in the desired mute switch.
stereo
mono
image wide
treble
-15
+15
-15
+15
1k5
3k
hi-mid
600
300
8k
500
100
1k2
lo-mid
-15
Commonly, these are used to mute similar
channels, for example:
+15
-15
Channels
Drum Mics
eq
on
eq
off
Reason
Allows the engineer to
mute the whole drum kit
at once.
Choir Overheads Allows the engineer to
quickly remove all choir
mics at once
aux pre
10
18
12
+15
bass
4 LED Meter - Each input channel
contains in-channel monitoring
allowing the user to monitor the input
signal without the need for using the
PFL.
5
0
-18
0
5
Note: The LED meter is Post-Insert and
EQ but Pre-Fader and Mute.
0
Orchestra Parts
aux 1
+6
0
aux 2
+6
0
aux 3
Allows the engineer to
zone mics together (e.g.
Brass, Strings, etc.) and
mute sections together if
they were not playing.
+6
10 mute 1
15
mute 2
+6
0
aux 5
+6
0
aux 6
+6
0
aux 7
pre
Note that if any assigned automute or the
channel mute is activated then the channel
will be muted until all assigned automutes
and the channel mute are removed (i.e. the
mutes work like a logical OR where any
single or combination of mutes will mute the
channel output).
Channel Fader - The channel fader
allows for continuous adjustment of the
channel level from off (-inf) to +10dB.
20
0
aux 4
The in-channel meter is especially
useful when setting the microphone
gain of a channel. Also, as the, meter is
post-EQ, it is possible to see the effect
that the channel equalisation has upon
the level. It may be necessary to turn
the input gain down when excessive EQ
is used to prevent the channel from
overloading.
30 mute 3
40
mute 4
At 0dB, the output of the channel to the
Stereo, Mono and Group busses will be
at unity (i.e. no boost or cut in level
from the input).
+6
0
aux 8
pre
+6
groups
1-2
3-4
5-6
Multi Function Module hints & Tips
7-8
mono
stereo
c
I want direct outs for recording but multi function channels don’t have any . . .
l
r
pan
groups
pan
MUTE
stereo
SOLO
The multi function channels don’t have a specifically labelled direct output BUT, if you are using a microphone
input and don’t need to use the insert channel, you can insert a standard unbalanced quarter-inch jack lead into
the insert point and use this as a direct output. This will work on the condition that you do not activate the insert
point on the channel strip (the insert switch) as this will cause signal to the channel to be lost.
To see for yourself why this works, look at the block diagrams later in the manual.
10
18
12
5
0
I’m running monitors from FOH and I've run out of auxes for effects . . .
-18
0
5
10
mute 1
To add effects to a mono mic input on a multifunction channel, use the insert send of the channel into the effects
unit input and the stereo outputs of the effects unit into the stereo line inputs of the same channel on the Verona.
Use the mic gain for the mic and the line gain for the effect return level. Now the aux sends and channel fader will
control both the mic level and effects return level.
15 mute 2
20
mute 3
30
40 mute 4
MIDAS
Operators Manual - Page 18
Output Module
groups
auxes
masters
matrices
talk buss
solo control
automutes
Operators Manual - Page 19
-
Output Module Notes
Before looking at the function of the output section of the console it is essential that the user is first comfortable with a few of
the consoles features that affect groups, matrixes and auxes. Rather than discuss these features in each section (although
they will be repeated there) an understanding of their function in a more general context is desirable.
Group Aux Changeover
The Verona is a dual purpose console. That is, that the Verona is equally as comfortable
as a monitor console as it is as a front of house console.
group
aux
c/o
aux
pre
What does this actually mean?
Monitor engineers tend to prefer the output faders on their console to operate the
auxiliary outputs (for monitors) where Front of House engineers would rather have
their output faders for groups (either for sub mixes or delay/alternative outputs).
The Verona achieves this flexibility using the group aux c/o (changeover) switch. Each output can be
individually ‘changed over’ so that the group output path becomes that of the aux output and vice versa.
Why not buy a monitor or FOH console?
The Verona has been developed with real world sound engineers in mind. The real flexibility of the Verona is
in the speed in which the change over can be made and also the ability to create a hybrid console that can
be used for FOH and monitors for the smaller venue where you still need monitors but don’t have space or
money for a monitor engineer or console.
Depressing the group aux changeover switch (using a pointed object such as a pencil) will connect the
auxiliary buss to the group insert, group mute, group fader, group pan and finally the group output
XLR.
The group buss is connected to the auxiliary output pot and to the auxiliary output XLR.
This routing flexibility is available on each group/aux buss.
Meter Changeover
group meters
+21
+21
+18
+18
+15
+15
+12
+12
+9
+9
+6
+6
+3
+3
0
0
-3
-3
-6
-6
-9
-9
-12
-12
-15
-15
-18
-18
-21
-21
-24
aux
mtx
It is possible on the Verona to change the group meters to monitor the aux or matrix
output rather than the group output. For example, if using the matrix outputs to drive
delay speakers, it may be desirable to monitor the output from those outputs.
When depressed, the aux switch will send the aux signal to the meter array (note that,
if you have used group aux c/o, the aux switch should really read group!).
When depressed, the mtx switch will send the matrix signal to the meter array. This
switch ALWAYS overrides the aux meter select switch and must be released to allow the
aux signal to be sent to the meter array.
Note: Meters are Post Fader and Post Mute
-24
aux
TIP
If you wish to understand more about how the Verona routes it’s signals, please refer to
the block diagram section of this manual.
Direct Inputs
The Verona has four (4) direct inputs on balanced TRS quarter-inch jack sockets located next to the
matrix outputs on the rear panel which can be used for console linking or effects returns.
Mono - Routes the direct input to the
main mono buss.
direct mono
input to
mtx
Mtx - Routes the direct input to the
similarly numbered matrix buss (i.e. 1
through 4).
Solo - Routes the direct input to the
mono PFL and stereo AFL buss
stereo
Stereo - Routes the mono direct input
to the main stereo Left and Right
busses equally.
0
Level - The direct input level is
continuously variable from off (-inf) to
+20dB.
+20
SOLO
Operators Manual - Page 20
Verona Group Outputs
group meters
+21
+21
+18
+18
+15
+15
+12
+12
+9
+9
+6
+6
+3
+3
0
0
-3
-3
-6
-6
-9
-9
-12
-12
-15
-15
-18
-18
-21
-21
-24
Rear Panel
insert
G2
insert
G1
Each group buss can be connected to external equipment by means of one single
balanced male XLR socket (0dBu nominal level).
matrix
1
direct
in 1
In addition to this, each group can be inserted into by means of a single
unbalanced quarter-inch TRS jack conventionally wired (0dBu nominal level).
aux out
2
aux out
1
group
2
group
1
-24
aux
aux
mtx
direct mono
Group Insert
Group Output
XLR Sockets
1- Screen 2 - Signal Hot 3 - Signal Cold
TRS Insert Jacks
T - Signal Send R - Signal Return S - Screen
Front Panel
group
aux
c/o
aux
pre
Group Aux C/O - The group auxiliary
changeover switch is described on the
previous page. When enabled, auxiliary
signals are routed into the group output
controls and hence group should be
mentally changed to ‘aux’.
group 1
Group to Mtx - The group to mtx switch
routes the group signal to the matrix send
pots (discussed later in this section).
group
to mtx
pre
fade
mono
stereo
aux 1
0
+10
l
MUTE
SOLO
group
aux
c/o
aux
pre
group 1
group
to mtx
pre
fade
mono
c
Mono - When depressed, the signal will be
sent to the main mono buss via the master
sis switch.
Pan - The pan control allows the channel
signal to be positioned in a stereo field when
routed to the stereo buss. The pan control
allows continuous adjustment of the image
from hard left, to hard right with a centre
detent and obeys a constant power law (i.e.
-3dB at the centre so that the output
remains at unity).
pan
r
master
sis
group 1
SOLO
stereo
pan
Mute - The mute switch mutes the group
signal at all points after the insert return
(and hence any matrix sends).
r
master
sis
10
5
MUTE
group 1
SOLO
Solo - The solo switch sends the group
signal to the AFL stereo and PFL mono
busses.
5
0
5
0
5
10
Fader - The fader allows continuous
adjustment of the group output level from
off (-inf) to +10dB.
10
15
20
10
15
30
20
30
Stereo - When depressed, the signal will
be sent to the main stereo buss via the pan
and master sis switch.
MUTE
c
l
Pre-Fade (Group to Mtx) - When
depressed, the signal sent to the matrix
send pots is sourced pre-fader and hence
the level will be proportional to the matrix
send pot only. This may be desirable if
using the matrix for recording or
monitoring (e.g. stage side fills).
40
40
Operators Manual - Page 21
Master SIS - The master SIS switch will
enable the spacial imaging system
whereby the channel pan control operates
in a different way. When panned hard left,
signal is routed to the stereo left output as
normal, similarly when panned hard right,
the signal is routed to the stereo right
output as normal. However, when panned
centre, the signal is routed ONLY to the
mono output creating a LCR (left-centreright) system instead of the normal LR
(left-right) system.
Verona Matrix Outputs
group meters
+21
+21
+18
+18
+15
+15
+12
+12
+9
+9
+6
+6
+3
+3
0
0
-3
-3
-6
-6
-9
-9
-12
-12
-15
-15
-18
-18
-21
-21
-24
-24
aux
aux
mtx
Rear Panel
matrix
4
direct
in 4
matrix
3
direct
in 3
matrix
2
direct
in 2
matrix
1
direct
in 1
The Verona’s matrix outputs can
be found on the rear of the
console.
Four male XLR sockets are
provided, one for each matrix
output.
XLR Wiring
Pin 1 - Shield, Pin 2 - Hot Signal, Pin 3 - Cold Signal
direct mono
Front Panel
The matrix provides another four outputs from the console
which can be ‘made’ from a combination of the consoles
other outputs.
The matrix signal can be made by combination of the group
buss signals and mono, left and right master signals. They
can be used to drive additional speaker zones or as effects
sends from the groups (like the auxes from inputs)
direct mono
input to
mtx
stereo
0
0
+6
group 1
0
aux 1
+20
+6
SOLO
group 2
Group (1-8) - The group level
sent to the matrix is continuously
variable from off (-inf) to +6dB.
Unity (0dB) is also marked on the
scale allowing signal to be routed
to the matrix without any
attenuation or gain.
+10
MUTE
SOLO
group
aux
c/o
0
0
0
+6
+6
group 3
mono master
0
0
left master
0
0
aux
pre
group 1
group
to mtx
pre
fade
Each of the groups (1-8) has it’s
own individual matrix send level.
+6
+6
group 5
right master
0
0
mono
stereo
c
Right Master - The master right signal
sent to the matrix is continuously variable
from off (-inf) to +6dB. Unity (0dB) is also
marked on the scale allowing signal to be
routed to the matrix without any
attenuation or gain.
+6
group 6
0
l
Left Master - The master left signal sent to
the matrix is continuously variable from off
(-inf) to +6dB. Unity (0dB) is also marked
on the scale allowing signal to be routed to
the matrix without any attenuation or gain.
+6
+6
group 4
Mono Master - The master mono signal
sent to the matrix is continuously variable
from off (-inf) to +6dB. Unity (0dB) is also
marked on the scale allowing signal to be
routed to the matrix without any
attenuation or gain.
pan
+10
matrix 1
r
master
sis
MUTE
MUTE
+6
group 7
0
group 1
SOLO
SOLO
+6
Alternatively, the auxiliaries can be routed
to the matrix by depressing the group/aux
changeover switch. This is especially useful
for generating additional monitor mixes or
re-routing existing monitor mixes (for
example if artists are moving around to
other parts of the stage).
group 8
10
5
matrix 1
0
The overall level of the matrix output is
controlled by the Matrix x pot (where x is
the number of the matrix 1 through 4) and
is continuously variable from off (-inf) to
+10dB.
5
Mute - The matrix output can be muted
immediately after the group and master
matrix sends.
10
15
20
30
40
Solo - The solo switch routes the matrix
signal to the mono PFL and the stereo AFL
buss.
Operators Manual - Page 22
Verona Aux Outputs
group meters
+21
+21
+18
+18
+15
+15
+12
+12
+9
+9
+6
+6
+3
+3
0
0
-3
-3
-6
-6
-9
-9
-12
-12
-15
-15
-18
-18
-21
-21
-24
-24
aux
aux
mtx
direct mono
Rear Panel
aux out
8
aux out
7
aux out
6
aux out
5
aux out
4
aux out
3
aux out
2
aux out
1
T h e Ve r o n a ’s a u x i l i a r y
outputs can be found on the
rear of the console.
Eight male XLR sockets are
provided, one for each
auxiliary output.
XLR Wiring
Pin 1 - Shield, Pin 2 - Hot Signal, Pin 3 - Cold Signal
Front Panel
The Verona provides eight independent auxiliary outputs
which are controlled in this section.
group
aux
c/o
aux
pre
Group Aux C/O - The group auxiliary
changeover is described at the beginning of
this section. When depressed, group signals
will be controlled in this section and hence aux
should be mentally interchanged with ‘group’.
Aux Pre - The auxiliary pre switch is the global control which determines whether the auxiliary is taken from the
input channel pre fader or post fader. This switch can be found on each of the auxiliaries 1 through 6. On aux 7 and
8 these are assignable individually pre/post on the channel modules.
Pre-Fade auxiliary (aux) sends are sourced after the channel Insert, Mute and EQ but before the channel fader
(and EQ on 1-6 if the Aux Pre EQ switch is depressed). As a result, the actual level sent to the aux buss is
proportional to the aux send control only.
Post-Fade aux sends are sourced after the channel Insert, Mute, EQ and channel Fader. As a result, the actual
level sent to the aux buss is proportional to the aux send control AND the channel fader.
aux 1
Typical uses of auxiliaries are:
0
+10
Application
Stage Monitors
Pre/Post Fade
Pre (Post-EQ)
Reason
The level in the monitor stays constant so that
the engineer can change the FOH level without
affecting the performer.
Effects Sends
Post
The level sent to the effects is proportional to
the level on the fader so the balance between
wet (processed) and dry (un-processed) sound
stays the same even when the channel level is
changed
Multi Track Recording
or Monitors from FOH
Pre (Pre-EQ)
The recording is made at constant level without
any equalisation so that changes in the mix level
and EQ can be set in post-production. (You can
also use the Direct Out for this but the output
will be at unity).
Post (Post-EQ)
If the aux is set to unity, the FOH mix is
replicated on the aux output including EQ but
excluding PAN.
MUTE
SOLO
group
aux
c/o
aux
pre
group 1
group
to mtx
pre
fade
mono
stereo
c
l
pan
r
master
sis
MUTE
group 1
SOLO
Mixed Recording
(for the artist)
aux 1
10
5
0
0
5
+10
Auxiliary Master Level - The output level of the auxiliary is continuously variable from off (inf) to +10dB.
10
15
MUTE
Auxiliary Mute - When depressed, the auxiliary signal is muted at every point after the master
send level.
SOLO
Auxiliary Solo - When depressed, the auxiliary signal is sent to the stereo AFL and mono PFL
busses.
20
30
40
Operators Manual - Page 23
Verona Master Outputs
insert
MC
insert
MR
The Verona’s main outputs are located on the rear of the console and provide:
insert
ML
Output
Master L
Master C
Master R
Monitor L
PFL Out
Monitor R
Tape Out L
Tape Out R
Talk Out
master meters
PUSH
+21
+21
+21
+18
+18
+18
+15
+15
+15
+12
+12
+12
+9
+9
+9
+6
+6
+6
+3
+3
+3
0
0
0
-3
-3
-3
-6
-6
-6
-9
-9
-9
-12
-12
-12
-15
-15
-15
-18
-18
-18
-21
-21
-24
-24
-21
-24
R
L
monitor
R
pfl out
out
monitor
L
master
R
master
C
master
L
solo meters
right
pfl
left
+21
+21
+21
+18
+18
+18
+15
+15
+15
+12
+12
+12
+9
+9
+9
+6
+6
+3
+3
+3
0
0
0
-3
-3
-3
-6
-6
-9
-9
-9
-12
-12
-12
-15
-15
-15
-18
-18
-18
-21
-21
-21
-24
-24
-24
master meters
Master Meters
The master meters show the actual peak ouput
level from the console’s left, right and centre
(mono) busses (Post Fader).
0
500
50
Nom. Level
0dBu
0dBu
0dBu
0dBu
0dBu
0dBu
-10dBu
-10dBu
0dBu
+6
-6
150
Connector
XLR Male (Bal)
XLR Male (Bal)
XLR Male (Bal)
XLR Male (Bal)
XLR Male (Bal)
XLR Male (Bal)
RCA Phono
RCA Phono
XLR Male (Bal)
Also provided are Master L-C-R insert points on conventionally wired quarterinch TRS jacks (0dBu nominal level), tape inputs (RCA Phono, -10dBu nominal
level) and Talk Input (Male XLR balanced, 0dBu nominal level).
right
mono
left
tape
in
talk out
talk
in
Source
Left Buss
Mono Buss
Right Buss
AFL Solo L Buss
PFL Solo Buss
AFL Solo R Buss
Master Left
Master Right
Talk Buss
5k
Note that these meters are post master fader and
post master output mute.
+10
freq
tape
+21
+21
+18
+18
+15
+15
+15
+12
+12
+12
+9
+9
+9
+6
+6
+6
+3
+3
+3
0
0
-3
-3
-6
-6
-6
-9
-9
-9
-12
-12
-12
-15
-15
-15
-18
-18
-21
-21
-24
-24
mono
left
0
0
-3
-18
-21
-24
right
solo meters
stereo
Solo Meters
SOLO
on
3
The solo (AFL L, AFL R and PFL) buss levels are
shown on the solo meters. The solo meters are pre monitor or phones output mute and level
and so are unaffected by changes in the headphone level or the level sent to the monitor
ouptuts.
2
1
NEUTRIK
+60
talk
talk
mic
on
master
talk
external
150
50
1
1-2
3-4
5k
freq
auto
stereo
aux
matrix
masters
generator
stereo
Generator On - Enables the Signal Generator
on
monitor
local
3
2
0
1
+10
MUTE
+15
stereo
pre
to mono
insert
MUTE
MUTE
MUTE
left
right
mono
+60
talk
SOLO
SOLO
stereo
mono
10
10
5
5
0
0
5
5
10
10
15
15
20
20
30
30
40
40
Talk Mic Gain - The gain of the talk microphone input
is continuously variable from +15dB to +60dB.
NEUTRIK
+10
+12
+9
+9
+6
+6
+3
+3
+3
0
0
0
-3
-3
-3
-6
-6
-6
-9
-9
-9
-12
-12
-12
-15
-15
-15
-18
-18
-18
-21
-21
-21
-24
-24
-24
+9
+6
Generator Level - The level of the generator output is continuously variable
from off (-inf) to +10dB.
SOLO
4
pfl
SOLO
MUTE
+15
+12
mono
+10
0
+18
+12
Freq - The output frequency of the generator is continuously variable from
50Hz to 5kHz allowing the user to test, for example, three or four bands of a
crossover system.
0
3
phones
+21
+15
+20
tape
mute
mono
+21
+18
+15
The Verona provides a signal generator which can be routed to any of the
console’s outputs.
2
5-6
7-8
+21
+18
0
500
solo in
place
groups
right
pfl
left
mono
+10
generator
+15
+21
+18
on
talk
mic
Talk Mic - The talk mic socket is a conventionally
wired XLR male and is supplied with 48v phantom
power allowing the connection of condenser
microphones.
Talk On - When depressed, the talk microphone input
is enabled and routed to the talk buss. When enabled,
all local outputs are attenuated by 20dB to help
prevent feedback.
Operators Manual - Page 24
Verona Master Outputs
master meters
+21
+21
+21
+18
+18
+18
+15
+15
+15
+12
+12
+12
+9
+9
+9
+6
+6
+6
+3
+3
+3
0
0
-3
-3
-3
-6
-6
-6
-9
-9
-9
-12
-12
-12
-15
-15
-15
-18
-18
-18
-21
-21
-24
-24
0
-21
-24
right
mono
left
talk
external
solo meters
right
pfl
left
+21
+21
+21
+18
+18
+18
+15
+15
+15
+12
+12
+12
+9
+9
+9
+6
+6
+6
+3
+3
+3
0
0
0
-3
-3
-3
-6
-6
-6
-9
-9
-9
-12
-12
-12
-15
-15
-15
-18
-18
-18
-21
-21
-21
-24
-24
-24
150
Talk External - Talk external enables the talk out and talk in signals on the
rear of the console. The talk in signal is summed with the internal talk mic
and generator signals.
auto
Groups 1-8 - When depressed, the talk buss signal is routed to the group
buss.
1
1-2
3-4
2
5-6
0
500
50
groups
solo in
place
5k
mute
7-8
+10
freq
tape
0
mono
stereo
aux
matrix
mono
Mono - When depressed, the talk buss signal is routed to the mono buss.
3
+10
generator
Stereo - When depressed, the talk buss signal is routed to the stereo buss.
stereo
SOLO
on
masters
Aux - When depressed, the talk buss signal is routed to all aux busses.
3
2
4
1
NEUTRIK
+15
Matrix - When depressed, the talk buss signal is routed to all matrices.
pfl
+60
talk
talk
mic
on
SOLO
Note: Essentially with all buttons depressed, the talk buss signal is routed to
all the consoles busses (except the local outputs and direct outputs).
monitor
master
talk
external
phones
solo in
place
groups
local
0
0
+10
+10
PFL Solo - When depressed, the local monitor and headphones signal is
sourced from the PFL mono signal rather than the AFL stereo default.
1
1-2
auto
3-4
2
5-6
mute
7-8
mono
stereo
aux
matrix
MUTE
3
MUTE
Phones/Local Level - The local and headphones level is continuously
variable from off (-inf) to +10dB.
Phones/Local Mute - The local and headphones signal can be muted by
depressing the mute switch.
masters
4
pfl
SOLO
monitor
phones
local
0
0
+10
+10
MUTE
MUTE
stereo
pre
to mono
insert
MUTE
MUTE
MUTE
left
right
mono
SOLO
SOLO
stereo
mono
10
10
5
5
0
0
5
5
10
10
15
15
20
20
30
30
40
40
Operators Manual - Page 25
Verona Master Outputs
The controls on this page are those directly responsible
for the main outputs from the console.
Stereo to Mono - When depressed,
a sum of the stereo left and right
signals are routed to the mono
signal buss via the pre insert switch.
master meters
+21
+21
+21
+18
+18
+18
+15
+15
+15
+12
+12
+12
+9
+9
+9
+6
+6
+6
+3
+3
+3
0
0
0
-3
-3
-3
-6
-6
-6
-9
-9
-9
-12
-12
-12
-15
-15
-15
-18
-18
-18
-21
-21
-24
-24
-21
-24
right
mono
left
Pre Insert - When depressed, the
stereo signal sent to the mono buss
is sourced from the stereo signals
before the stereo insert points.
Otherwise the signal is taken after
the stereo inserts.
stereo
pre
to mono
insert
MUTE
MUTE
MUTE
left
right
mono
SOLO
SOLO
stereo
mono
10
10
5
5
0
0
5
5
10
10
15
15
solo meters
right
pfl
left
+21
+21
+21
+18
+18
+18
+15
+15
+15
+12
+12
+12
+9
+9
+9
+6
+6
+6
+3
+3
+3
0
0
0
-3
-3
-3
-6
-6
-6
-9
-9
-9
-12
-12
-12
-15
-15
-15
-18
-18
-18
-21
-21
-21
-24
-24
-24
150
0
500
50
5k
The setting of this depends upon the circumstances (and the usage of the centre
mono ouptut). For example, if an independent graphic EQ or limiter is required to
control the mono centre speaker, then it may not be required (or desired) to have
the graphic EQ/limiter inserted into the left and right output affect the mono
centre.
Mute - Each of the left right and centre outputs have individual channel mutes
which mute the signal post fader.
Solo - When depressed, the stereo or mono signal is routed to the PFL mono and
AFL stereo busses.
+10
freq
tape
0
Output Level - Each output level is continuously variable from off (-inf) to
+10dB.
mono
+10
generator
20
20
30
30
40
40
stereo
SOLO
on
3
2
1
NEUTRIK
+15
Verona Features
+60
talk
talk
mic
on
The tape input on the rear of the console can be
routed to the main mono or stereo busses by
pressing the Mono or Stereo switches. The level
of the tape input is continuously variable from off
(-inf) to +20dB (the nominal input level is
referenced to -10dB).
master
talk
external
solo in
place
groups
1
1-2
auto
3-4
2
5-6
stereo
aux
matrix
+10
tape
mono
mute
7-8
mono
0
Solo - When depressed, the tape input signal is
routed to the stereo AFL and mono PFL busses.
3
masters
stereo
SOLO
4
pfl
SOLO
monitor
phones
master
local
0
0
+10
+10
solo in
place
MUTE
MUTE
stereo
pre
to mono
insert
1
MUTE
MUTE
MUTE
left
right
mono
SOLO
SOLO
stereo
mono
10
10
5
5
0
0
5
5
10
10
15
15
20
20
30
30
40
40
auto
2
mute
3
masters
4
WARNING: Solo in place is a major function and should be used for sound check
ONLY. Please read this information carefully!
Solo in Place - When depressed with a small object (eg. screwdriver or pencil tip), the solo
in place switch causes all active input solos on the console to be exclusively routed to the
main outputs of the console. (i.e. mute all un-soloed inputs).
i.e. If a solo is in place, only those active solos will be heard from the main front of house
speakers. This is a major function worthy of note.
The solo in place function is more at home in studio surroundings where the engineer would
expect only to hear active solos through the monitors. It’s uses in live sound reinforcement
are limited but include:
At sound check, Solo In Place could be used to check or EQ (or adjust insertions,
effects etc.) for one or a number of channels at once without having to turn down or
mute each of the undesired channels (which may upset the onstage monitors an
hence the musicians!).
Auto Mute Masters - The auto mute masters are used to enable the mute groups (1
through 4) as assigned on the input channels.
Again, these switches are a major function worthy of note (i.e. don’t forget that you have them enabled and
the channels assigned or channel mutes will not be released).
Operators Manual - Page 26
Setting up the
Verona
Operators Manual - Page 27
Setting Up The Verona
The Verona was designed with real world sound engineers in mind, working in the real world. With it’s flexible
routing and dual purpose functionality, the Verona is as happy running monitors as it is front of house. For
engineers that haven’t got a great deal of experience in live sound engineering, here are a few helping guidelines.
Gain
The Verona has two types of input channel; Mono and Multi Function (Stereo) both of also have a mono
microphone input. Gain is provided on these channels to allow the operator to obtain the optimal signal for the
system.
Microphone Gain
Mono Channel Line Gain
Stereo Channel Line Gain
+15dB to +60dB (0dB to +45dB with pad switch enabled)
0dB to +45dB (-15dB to 30dB with pad switch enabled)
Off to +20dB
Each channel of the Verona includes an in-line channel LED meter indicating the channel level (measured after the
channel insert and EQ but before the channel fader). With the insert and EQ disabled, the in-channel meter will
show the level at the input in four stages:-18dB
0dB
+12dB
+18dB
- Signal Present
- Normal operating level
- High Signal Level
- 3dB before channel overload (clipping)
The input gain of the channel can be used to obtain the best operating level for the console. Too small a signal level
(too little gain) and the best signal to noise ratio will not be achieved; too high a signal level (too much gain) and
there is the chance of overloading the channel causing distortion.
Clearly, the gain should be positioned between these two points, to gain an optimal signal to noise ratio without
overloading the channel. The ideal level for input channels would be around +6dB with occasional illumination of
+12dB.
Headroom
A channel signal is only permitted to swing high and low by an amount fixed by the power supply. If the maximum
output of the Verona channel strip is +21dBu (0dBu = 0.775 volts RMS) then imagine the following situation:
Headroom is the amount of spare ‘swing’ available to the system. If 6dB headroom was desired at all times, a
maximum level of +15dB is required to retain the headroom.
To prevent overload, the gain must be set to a point that even the highest output from the microphone during
sound check has some headroom left to prevent any surprises during the show!
The consoles Busses (e.g. Left and Right Main buss) are the point where all channel signals are summed together.
In normal operation, it is unlikely that all channels will receive the same signal at the same time so typically when
48 channels are summed together a gain of around 6 to 9dB will be seen. It is important to leave some headroom
in the summing amplifiers so that they do not overload, should the sum exceed the maximum level.
The Effect of EQ
Channel equalisation should be used with care. Boosting or cutting equaliser bands can make monitoring your
actual input level very difficult. Excessive boosting of EQ (+15dB is available on each band)will have the same
effect as applying more gain to the input, taking up valuable headroom. Consider backing off the channel gain
when using large amounts of boost (if you have to use large amounts of boost) to retain a sensible level at the
output.
Excessive EQ cut can have a similarly undesirable effect. If a large amount of signal is cut in the equaliser section,
gain may be used to ‘make up’ the level lost in the equaliser. However, the input pre-amplifier still has the same
amount of available headroom. If gain, added to ‘make up’ the loss in the equaliser, exceeds the maximum level
into the microphone pre-amp then the channel won’t appear to be overloaded but the microphone pre-amp will.
Turning off the equaliser will reveal the true story, whereby the microphone pre-amp may be overloaded. It is
worth considering whether such large amounts of EQ cut is really required, or whether it is being used rather more
as a volume control (in which case the input gain could be set to a normal operating level and the output adjusted
on the channel fader).
TIP: You can monitor the level pre-EQ and post-EQ using the in-channel LED meter by switching the EQ in and out
during sound check.
Operators Manual - Page 28
Setting Up The Verona
Dynamic Processing
When working with signals that are constantly at a high level, the channel gain can accommodate these signals
with ease. When working with varying signals (such as the vocalist discussed earlier) it may be desirable to reduce
the dynamic range of the signal so that the loud parts aren’t so loud (and don’t overload your channel input) and
the quiet bits aren’t too quiet (so the signal to noise ratio would be increased).
Limiters and Compressors have a similar function which is to reduce the dynamic range of a signal. The means by
which they do this won’t be discussed here but, these devices have the ability to reduce the level of loud signals
automatically and also raise the gain to ‘make up’ the level as desired. The channel gain can now be set with
adequate headroom to accommodate both loud and quiet signals and the compressor can reduce the dynamic
range and ‘make up’ any reduction in level. By inserting such a device into the channel’s insert point you have the
ability to remove the guesswork from setting your system gain.
However (and this is a big however), there are still sources of potential problems. The Verona is able to operate at
levels up to +21dBu on both the insert send and return. If the maximum input level of the compressor was less
than +21dBu then it is possible to overload the input of the compressor. The only way to resolve this situation
would be to drop the channel input gain so that the input level of the compressor was not being overloaded. Bear
in mind however, the level returned from the compressor would also be lower than +21dBu and excessive use of
the compressor ‘make up’ gain would overload the output of the compressor!
Unity Gain
Unity gain is a gain of 1 (i.e. no gain or attenuation is applied to a signal).
If a signal entered a mono line level input of the Verona at 0dBu and the gain was set to +15dB (an internal 15dB
attenuation sets the net gain to 0dB), then the signal was routed to each output at 0dB, the channel fader was set
to 0dB and each output fader was set to 0dB, the output should be 0dBu (or unity). Some console manufacturers
mark the 0dB level of their faders and pots ‘U’.
Simple. But that’s just one signal. If we have two 0dBu signals entering the Verona (assuming they are coherent i.e. the same level and phase) to be summed in the busses, the output would no longer be 0dBu.
Simply,
0dBu = 0.775 volts
0.775 volts + 0.775 volts = 1.55 volts
1.55 volts is 0.775 volts +6dB (or a gain of 2)
To retain an output of 0dBu (our previous unity level) each input must be reduced.
0.775 volts / 2 = 0.3875 volts
0.3875 volts is 0.775 volts -6dB (or a gain of 1/2)
So each fader must be reduced to -6dB to retain the unity gain level of 0dBu on the console output. When using
four inputs at 0dBu, the faders must be reduced to -12dB. Real life signals are not continuous, but the principal is
the same. If you have a sinusoidal input that is nominally 0dBu on all 48 inputs with the channel faders at 0dB, the
output is likely to be well above the 21dBu maximum output of the console and leave no headroom spare. With
real world signals, 48channels summed together will give around 6 to 9dB gain because it is unlikely that all 48
channels will receive the same signal at the same time. Instead signals will occur at different times, and there will
be cancellation due to phase and frequency differences.
Operators Manual - Page 29
Setting Up The Verona
Signal Processing and Amplifiers
The final links in the system tend to be graphical equalisers, loudspeaker processors and finally amplifiers and
speakers.
Graphical equalisers have the same problems as the Verona’s EQ. If excessive boost is applied to the signal, the
graphic equaliser’s output may be overloaded. If, the output of the Verona is higher than the maximum input level
of the graphic, the input of the graphic may be overloaded.
Loudspeaker processors have similar problems. If the input level to the processor is too high, the input may be
overloaded and introduce distortion into the outputs (and to the speakers!). In addition to this, any boost on the
processors outputs (say you want 3dB more bass) will cause that output to overload earlier (in this case 3dB
before the other outputs).
Finally, amplifiers can introduce the most interesting results.
An amplifier has a sensitivity. That is, an input signal level that causes the amplifier to produce it’s maximum
output level. For many amps this is 0dBu (0.775 volts RMS), others use 0dBV (1 volt RMS) others use different
levels. Beyond this sensitivity, the amplifiers output will not be able to produce any more power and ‘CLIP’
(usually indicated by some serious looking red lights). Sending +21dBu level from the Verona will clip the output
of most amplifiers causing damage to your loudspeaker system.
There are a number of solutions to this problem:
Reduce the amplifiers input attenuators to a level where the amplifier and console clip at the same point.
e.g. The input sensitivity is 0dBu, setting the input attenuator
on the amplifier to -21dB would mean that the console would clip
at the same time as the amplifier. So operating the console sensibly
the amplifier should never be clipped. The console led Meters will also accurately show
the available headroom left in the entire system.
-21dB may not be a sensible level to set as many operators choose not
to run the output of the console so high. That is personal choice.
Run the output of the console at a level below 0dBu
This solution means that you won’t get full benefit of the console, and may
suffer a reduced signal to noise ratio especially when running over long signal cables. But the
amplifiers should be saved from clipping.
As with many things in the audio world, use your ears. If something sounds distorted check:
Input Gain too high?
EQ Too Much Boost?
EQ Too Much Cut coupled with a High Input Gain?
Too High a level into Inserted Processor?
Clipping Loudspeaker controller or Amplifiers
(lower input gain and check)
(disable eq and check)
(disable eq and check)
(disable insert and check)
(Check CLIP lights on amps etc.)
Operators Manual - Page 30
Setting Up The Verona
Routing
The flexible routing of the Verona allows the console to operate as both a Front of House (FOH) and Monitor
console, or as a combination of both. For operators that haven’t got a great deal of experience, here are a few
helping guidelines.
group
aux
c/o
aux
pre
Front of House Mode
group 1
group
to mtx
pre
fade
mono
stereo
c
l
The group aux changeover switch on each group should be released (i.e. off) so that the group fader controls the
group buss signal.
Uses for groups vary, but include:
Submixes
r
pan
master
sis
MUTE
group 1
SOLO
10
5
Submixes are a common way of saving time (and possibly embarrassment) when using a large
number of microphones at once. For example: Multiple Microphones for Choirs, Drum
Kits/Percussion, Orchestras, etc . . .
The channel to be submixed should be routed to the group and any aux sends ONLY (i.e. not to the
master L-C-R). The fader is, as normal, used to set the relative level between the channels in the
submix. The group chosen for the submix should then be routed to the master L-C-R and panned as
required.
0
5
The submix is now set up. The group level can be used to control the overall level of the channels
(retaining their relative levels), mute the submix output or solo the submix signal.
10
15
20
Note: Muting the submix is not the same as muting the channels. Aux sends and other group sends
will remain active. If channels in a submix are required to be muted, use the automute facility.
30
40
Common EQ/Processing
Often, it is either too expensive or undesirable to apply processing to each channel individually (for
example: compression on a whole choir, graphic eq on a number of microphones, etc...). Setting up
a submix as above, the signal is grouped together. Now the desired processor can be inserted into
the group inserts applying the process to all of the submix channels (in their relative levels).
aux 1
0
+10
Alternative Outputs
example:, you were mixing a number of speakers in a venue and each needed a different level and
processing.
MUTE
SOLO
group
aux
c/o
aux
pre
Route the desired channels to any group or master output as necessary. Make sure the group is not
routed to the main outputs. The group outputs should be wired into the necessary amplification and
the insert points into any necessary processing (e.g. delay, EQ, etc...).
The levels are now individually controllable.
Monitor Mode
The group aux changeover switch on each group should be depressed (i.e. on) so that the group fader controls the
aux buss signal.
Channel signal should be sent to the auxiliary as required and the aux sends should usually be
configured to pre-fader. The console group output sockets should be wired into the necessary
amplification and the insert points into any necessary processing (e.g. EQ, etc...).
The monitor levels are now individually controllable on the group faders.
Dual FOH/Monitor Mode
The group aux changeover switch on each group should be depressed (i.e. on) so that the group fader controls the
aux buss signal for monitors or released (i.e. off) so that the group fader controls the group buss signal for FOH.
The usage in this split mode can be any combination of the above!
Note: When the group aux changeover switch is depressed, control over the groups is performed by
the auxiliary controls and hence, and group outputs may still be used. Submixes could be used by
connecting the auxiliary output sockets on the rear of the console to four unused stereo input
channels and routed to the Left and Right master busses.
Operators Manual - Page 31
Functional
Block Diagrams
Operators Manual - Page 33
Operators Manual - Page 34
solo on bus
solo in place bus
automute 4 bus
automute 3 bus
automute 2 bus
automute 1 bus
mic
power
48v
solo logic
MUTE
-15
post eq
pre eq
pad
-15
aux pre
eq
off
+60
+45
mic gain
+15
+30
40
30
20
15
10
5
0
5
10
-
+10dB
20
400
160
aux 8
pre
hi-pass
pan
c
pan
r
R
C
L
R
L
pan in sis mode
l
c
pan in stereo mode
aux 7&8 pre option
phase
reverse
mic O
/
60
hi-pass
filter
VERONA MONO INPUT MODULE
BLOCK DIAGRAM
mute 4
mute 3
mute 2
mute 1
phantom
line in
aux 7
pre
insert
return
send
insert
20
50
SOLO
200
100
+15
stereo
bass
groups
pan
master
sis
-15
100
300
lo-mid
grp 2
grp 1
mono
-15
2k
1k
+15
1k
grp 4
grp 3
400
-15
equaliser
8k
3k
hi-mid
+15
grp 6
grp 5
aux 8
aux 7
aux 6
aux 5
aux 4
aux 3
aux 2
aux 1
-15
2k
5k
+15
grp 8
grp 7
+6
0
+6
0
+6
0
+6
0
+6
0
+6
0
+6
0
+6
0
20k
10k
treble
eq
on
aux post 1 bus
aux post 6 bus
aux pre 6 bus
aux post 5 bus
aux pre 5 bus
aux post 4 bus
aux pre 4 bus
aux post 3 bus
aux pre 3 bus
aux post 2 bus
aux pre 2 bus
pfl bus
right solo bus
left solo bus
group 2 bus
group 4 bus
group 6 bus
group 8 bus
group 1 bus
group 3 bus
group 5 bus
group 7 bus
right bus
mono bus
left bus
aux 8 bus
aux 7 bus
direct out
direct option
aux pre 1 bus
-18
0
12
18
pfl meter
Operators Manual - Page 35
automute 4 bus
automute 3 bus
automute 2 bus
solo on bus
solo in place bus
0
pad
-15
+20
line gain
automute 1 bus
line in R
line in L
mic
power
48v
phantom
mute 4
mute 3
mute 2
mute 1
MUTE
post eq
post eq
pre eq
image wide
5k
stereo
-
phase
reverse
solo logic
mono
+60
+45
mic gain
+15
+30
mic O
/
-15
aux pre
bass
+15
100
300
-15
+15
1k2
500
lo-mid
40
30
20
15
10
5
0
5
10
+10dB
+10dB
-15
equaliser
aux 7&8 pre option
eq
off
hi-pass
80Hz
600
1k5
insert
hi-mid
8k
3k
+15
return
send
insert
-15
l
pan
c
treble
r
+15
R
L
eq
on
SOLO
stereo
aux 8
pre
aux 7
pre
groups
Pan
grp 2
grp 1
mono
grp 4
grp 3
grp 6
grp 5
aux 8
aux 7
aux 6
aux 5
aux 4
grp 8
grp 7
+6
0
+6
0
+6
0
+6
0
+6
0
+6
0
aux 3
+6
0
0
aux 2
0
+6
-18
12
18
pfl meter
aux 1
VERONA MULTI FUNCTION INPUT MODULE
BLOCK DIAGRAM
pfl bus
right solo bus
left solo bus
group 2 bus
group 4 bus
group 6 bus
group 8 bus
group 1 bus
group 3 bus
group 5 bus
group 7 bus
right bus
left bus
mono bus
aux 8 bus
aux 7 bus
aux post 6 bus
aux pre 6 bus
aux post 5 bus
aux pre 5 bus
aux post 4 bus
aux pre 4 bus
aux post 3 bus
aux pre 3 bus
aux post 2 bus
aux pre 2 bus
aux post 1 bus
aux pre 1 bus
Operators Manual - Page 36
talk-matrix
right-matrix
left-matrix
mono-matrix
group 8-matrix
group 7-matrix
group 6-matrix
group 5-matrix
group 4-matrix
group 3-matrix
group 2-matrix
group 1-matrix
group 1 bus
aux pre 1 bus
aux post 1 bus
direct in 1
right master
+6
0
left master
+6
0
mono master
+6
0
group 8
+6
0
group 7
+6
0
group 6
+6
0
group 5
+6
0
group 4
+6
0
group 3
+6
0
group 2
+6
0
group 1
+6
0
aux
pre
+20
direct
0
+10
0
matrix 1
aux
c/o
group
MUTE
send
+20dB
0
direct
input to
mtx
+10dB
pre
fade
return
insert G1
+10
aux 1
group
to mtx
+10dB
40
30
20
15
10
5
0
5
10
+10dB
pan
c
pan
r
R
C
L
R
aux
mtx
meter source select
pan in sis mode
l
c
L
pan in stereo mode
VERONA GROUP/MATRIX MODULE
BLOCK DIAGRAM
MUTE
MUTE
stereo
-24
-21
-18
-15
-12
-9
-6
-3
0
+3
+6
+9
+12
+15
+18
+21
mono
stereo
group meter 1
master
sis
mono
dir input
matrix
group
aux
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
mono bus
right bus
left bus
matrix 1
solo on bus
pfl bus
right solo bus
left solo bus
group 1
aux out 1
Operators Manual - Page 37
talk in
talk
mic
stereo
to mono
5k
50
OSC
500
freq
3
1
150
2
phantom
+48V
mono bus
insert
pre
right bus
left bus
on
+15
return
+10
0
talk
external
R
L
return
generator
tape out
send
insert MC
send
+60
return
insert MR
send
insert ML
on
talk
tape in
talk out
mono
0
+20
tape
40
30
20
15
10
5
0
5
10
aux
mono
grp 7
grp 5
grp 3
Grp 1
right
mono bus
group 7 bus
group 5 bus
group 3 bus
group 1 bus
+20dB
+20dB
40
30
20
15
10
5
0
5
10
left
5
0
5
matrix
stereo
grp 8
grp 6
grp 4
grp 2
stereo
40
30
20
15
10
left
10
talk-matrix
right bus
left bus
group 8 bus
group 6 bus
group 4 bus
group 2 bus
right bus
left bus
+10dB
mono
+10dB
right
+10dB
left
right solo bus
left solo bus
pfl bus
aux 8 bus
aux 7 bus
aux post 6 bus
aux pre 6 bus
aux post 5 bus
aux pre 5 bus
aux post 4 bus
aux pre 4 bus
aux post 3 bus
aux pre 3 bus
aux post 2 bus
aux pre 2 bus
aux post 1 bus
aux pre 1 bus
MUTE
MUTE
MUTE
mono
left
-21
-24
-24
-18
-21
-18
-15
-12
-12
-15
-9
-6
-6
-9
-3
-3
+3
+6
+9
+12
+15
+18
+21
0
pfl
0
+3
+6
+9
+12
+15
+18
+21
solo meters
mono bus
VERONA MASTER MODULE
BLOCK DIAGRAM
right
-24
-21
-18
-15
-12
-9
-6
-3
0
+3
+6
+9
+12
+15
+18
+21
left
-6
-24
-21
SOLO
pfl
center
-24
-21
-18
-15
-15
-18
-12
-9
-12
-9
-6
-3
+3
+3
-3
+6
+6
0
+9
0
+12
+15
+9
+15
+12
+21
+18
right
master meters
+21
+18
+21
-24
-21
-18
-15
-12
-9
-6
-3
0
+3
+6
+9
+12
+15
+18
-20dB
-20dB
(dim)
tape
mono
stereo
local
+10
0
monitor
+10
0
phones
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
MUTE
MUTE
4
3
2
1
MUTE
phones
monitor R
monitor L
pfl out
automute 4 bus
automute 3 bus
automute 2 bus
automute 1 bus
auto
mute
masters
solo on bus
solo in place bus
solo in
place
master R
master C
master L
Dimensions and
Weights
Operators Manual - Page 39
Dimensions and Weights
Operators Manual - Page 40
Rear panel
Description
Operators Manual - Page 41
External linear power
supply connector
Output module
Internal switching
mode power supply
mains inlet2
Standard location of
Multi-function Input
module
Littlite connector
Mono Input module1
Operators Manual - Page 42
2
1
Refer to specifications for PSU fitting option
Actual number of input banks depends Verona model
Recessed Littlite clip
Rear Panel Description
Specification and
Features
Operators Manual - Page 43
Verona Features
The following list of features is based upon the thirty-two channel frame size console.
The thirty-two channel Verona features:
24 mono input channels
8 stereo input channels
8 Auxiliary Outputs
1 through 6 with Global Pre/Post Fader selection and selectable Pre/Post EQ
7 & 8 with Channel selectable Pre/Post Fader selection and jumper selectable Pre/Post EQ
For jumper selection configurations, contact you local Midas service agent.
8 Group Outputs
With Aux/Group Changeover option for dual purpose FOH/Monitor applications
4 Band Equaliser
Mono Channels: 4 Swept Frequency Bands (Treble, Hi Mid, Lo Mid, Bass)
Stereo Channels: 2 Shelving Bands (Bass, Treble), 2 Swept Frequency Bands (hi mid, lo mid)
48 volt phantom power independantly switchable on each channel (always on talk mic)
Hi-Pass filter on all inputs (Mono Channels: Variable 20Hz to 400Hz, Stereo Channels: Fixed 80Hz)
Signal Generator
32 Channel Inserts (jumper selectable pre/post insert and eq)
Type
Connector
Microphone
XLR(f)
M Ch Line Input 1/4” TRS Jack
MF Ch Line Input 1/4” TRS Jack
Direct Input
1/4” TRS Jack
Tape Input
RCA Phono
Talk Mic
XLR(f)
Talk Input
XLR(f)
Impedance
1k5 ohm
10k ohm
10k ohm
10k ohm
47k ohm
1k5 ohm
10k ohm
Outputs
Direct Out
Groups
Auxiliary
Matrix
Talk Out
Master Out
Monitor Out
PFL Out
Tape Out
Headphones
1/4” TRS Jack
XLR(m)
XLR(m)
XLR(m)
XLR(m)
XLR(m)
XLR(m)
XLR(m)
RCA Phono
1/4” TRS Jack
Inserts
Input
Group
Master
1/4” TRS Jack
1/4” TRS Jack
1/4” TRS Jack
Inputs
1
1
No.
32
24
16
4
2
1
1
100 ohm
Impedance Bal.
50 ohm
Yes
50 ohm
Yes
50 ohm
Yes
50 ohm
Yes
50 ohm
Yes
50 ohm
Yes
50 ohm
Yes
600 ohm
No
To drive headphones > 100 ohm
0dBu (+21dBu)
0dBu (+21dBu)
0dBu (+21dBu)
0dBu (+21dBu)
0dBu (+21dBu)
0dBu (+21dBu)
0dBu (+21dBu)
0dBu (+21dBu)
-10dBu (+11dBu)
+10dBu (+21dBu)
24
8
8
4
1
3 (LCR)
2 (LR)
1 (M)
2
1
50/10k ohm (s/r) No
50/10k ohm (s/r) No
50/10k ohm (s/r) No
0dBu (+21dBu) (send/ret) 32
0dBu (+21dBu) (send/ret) 8
0dBu (+21dBu) (send/ret) 3
34
44
2
Total XLR output count
Total Jack output count
Total RCA Phono output count
27
25
2
Total insert count
43
XLR
RCA (Tape In/Out)
Pin 1 - Screen/Ground
Pin 2 - Hot Signal
Pin 3 - Cold Signal
Centre (Tip) - Signal
Surround (Sleeve) - Screen
3
2
2
Level Nom (max)
Variable (+21dBu)
Variable (+36dBu w/pad)
Variable (+26dBu)
Variable (+26dBu)
-10dBu (+26dBu)
Variable (+6dBu)
0dBu (+26dBu)
Total XLR input count
Total Jack input count
Total RCA Phono input count
Balanced
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
3
Note: Sockets are viewed from the front
face.
Quarter Inch Jack
TRS Signal
Sleeve Screen/Ground
Ring
Cold Signal
Tip
Hot Signal
TRS Insert
Screen/Ground
Insert Return
Insert Send
TRS Headphone
Screen/Ground
Right
Left
Operators Manual - Page 44
Verona Specification
Internal Power Supply
Type
Line Voltage
Line Frequency
Switching
90 - 240V AC
50/60Hz
Input Impedance
Microphone
Line
1k5 ohm Balanced
10k ohm Balanced
Input Gain (all faders at 0dB)
Microphone
Microphone + Pad
Mono Channel Line
Continuously variable from +15dB to +60dB
Continuously variable from 0dB to +45dB
Continuously variable from 0dB to +45dB
(-15dB to +30dB Pad enabled)
Continuously variable from off to +20dB
Continuously variable from off to +20dB
Stereo Channel Line
Direct Inputs
Maximum Input Level
Mic
Mic + Pad
Mono Channel Line
Stereo Channel Line
+6dBu
+21dBu
+21dBu (+36dBu pad enabled)
+26dBu
CMR at 100Hz
Microphone (Gain +40dB)
Microphone + Pad (Gain 0dB)
Line (Gain 0dB)
Typ 95dB
Typ 80dB
Typ 80dB
Microphone (Gain +40dB)
Microphone + Pad (Gain 0dB)
Line (Gain 0dB)
Typ 95dB
Typ 80dB
Typ 80dB
CMR at 1kHz
Frequency Response (20Hz to 20kHz)
Microphone to Mix
+0 to -1dB
Noise 20Hz to 20kHz
Microphone EIN ref. 150 ohms (Gain +60dB)
-129dBu
System Noise (20Hz to 20kHz)
Summing Noise (48 channels
routed with faders down)
-80dB
Line to Mix Noise (48 channels
routed at 0dB, pan centre)
-75dB
Microphone to Mix (Gain +40dB,
0dBu output)
<0.03%
Channel to Channel
Mix to Mix
Channel to Mix
Max. Fader Attenuation
Max. Mute Attenuation
< -90dB
< -90dB
< -90dB
> 100dB
> 100dB
Distortion at 1kHz
Crosstalk at 1kHz
Output Impedance
All Line Outputs
Tape Output
Direct Output
Insert Output
Headphones
50 ohms Balanced Source to drive > 600 Ohms
600 ohms unbalanced
100 ohms impedance balanced
50 ohms unbalanced
to drive > 100 ohms
Maximum Output Level
All Line Outputs
Headphones
+21dBu
+21dBu
Nominal Signal Level
Microphone
Line
Headphones
-60dBu to 0dBu
0dBu
+10dBu
Operators Manual - Page 45
Verona Specification
Equalisation
Mono
Channels
Stereo
Channels
Hi-pass slope
Treble Band
12dB/octave
Cut/Boost
+/-15dB
Frequency range 2kHz to 20kHz
Hi Mid Band
Cut/Boost
+/-15dB
Frequency range 400Hz to 8kHz
Bandwidth
1 Octave
Lo Mid Band
Cut/Boost
+/-15dB
Frequency range 100Hz to 2kHz
Bandwidth
1 Octave
Bass Band
Cut/Boost
+/-15dB
Frequency range 20Hz to 400Hz
Treble Band
Cut/Boost
+/-15dB
Frequency (-3dB) 12kHz
Hi Mid Band
Cut/Boost
+/-15dB
Frequency range 600Hz to 8kHz
Bandwidth
1 Octave
Lo Mid Band
Cut/Boost
+/-15dB
Frequency range 100Hz to 1.2kHz
Bandwidth
1 Octave
Bass Band
Cut/Boost
+/-15dB
Frequency (-3dB) 100Hz
Power Supply Information
The number of power supplies shipped as standard with the Verona varies with the frame size as follows:
Channels
24 - 32
40 - 56
64
Internal
1
2
2
External
0
0
1
Redundancy
NO
YES
YES
The internal supplies on the 64 channel Verona should be switched on at approximately the same time so that excessive
load is not applied to any single supply.
The external power supply can be used to add or increase redundancy or to replace the internal supplies. The external
supply has a “daisy chain” facility (as shown below) allowing for a number of power supplies to be used together adding
redundancy to the system in the event of a power supply failing.
To console
Pin 1
Pin 2
Pin 3
Pin 4
Pin 5
Pin 6
Case
0V Analogue
+18V Analogue
-18V Analogue
+12V Gooseneck Light
+48V Phantom
0V Gooseneck Light
Chassis
Rear View
Front View
PSU 1
6 Pin Male XLR
PSU 2
Connection
CAUTION
CHECK VOLTAGE SELECTOR
BEFORE APPLYING MAINS.
RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT OPEN
WARNING:
PUSH
PUSH
Pin 1 - 0VA
Pin 2 - + 18V
_
Pin 3 - 18V
Pin 4 - + 12V
Pin 5 - + 48V
Pin 6 - 0VL
DC Output / Link
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK,
DO NOT EXPOSE THIS APPLIANCE TO RAIN OR MOISTURE
AVIS: RISQUE DE CHOC ELECTRIQUE. NE PAS OUVRIR.
NO USER SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE REFER SERVICING TO
QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL.
CAUTION:
FOR CONTINUED PROTECTION AGAINST RISK OF
FIRE REPLACE WITH THE SAME TYPE AND VALUE FUSE INDICATED.
ATTENTION: REMPLACER PAR UM FUSIBLE DE MÊME TYPE
MADE IN KIDDERMINSTER, ENGLAND
COMME INDIQUÉ.
DC Output / Link
SUPPLY
VOLTAGE
Power
Low
Mains
THIS DEVICE COMPLIES WITH PART 15 OF THE FCC RULES. OPERATION IS SUBJECT TO THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONS:
(1) THIS DEVICE MAY NOT CAUSE HARMFUL INTERFERENCE, AND
(2) THIS DEVICE MUST ACCEPT ANY INTERFERENCE RECEIVED, INCLUDING INTERFERENCE THAT MAY CAUSE UNDESIRED OPERATION.
+48V +12V _ 18V +18V
100V/120V/220V/240V
AC~50-60Hz 460W
FUSE: 5x20mm
T5A L250V
CAUTION
CHECK VOLTAGE SELECTOR
BEFORE APPLYING MAINS.
RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT OPEN
PUSH
Pin 1 - 0VA
Pin 2 - + 18V
_
Pin 3 - 18V
Pin 4 - + 12V
Pin 5 - + 48V
Pin 6 - 0VL
DC Output / Link
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK,
DO NOT EXPOSE THIS APPLIANCE TO RAIN OR MOISTURE
AVIS: RISQUE DE CHOC ELECTRIQUE. NE PAS OUVRIR.
NO USER SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE REFER SERVICING TO
QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL.
CAUTION:
FOR CONTINUED PROTECTION AGAINST RISK OF
FIRE REPLACE WITH THE SAME TYPE AND VALUE FUSE INDICATED.
ATTENTION: REMPLACER PAR UM FUSIBLE DE MÊME TYPE
MADE IN KIDDERMINSTER, ENGLAND
COMME INDIQUÉ.
DC Output / Link
SUPPLY
VOLTAGE
Power
+48V +12V _ 18V +18V
US
WARNING:
PUSH
Low
Mains
C
THIS DEVICE COMPLIES WITH PART 15 OF THE FCC RULES. OPERATION IS SUBJECT TO THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONS:
(1) THIS DEVICE MAY NOT CAUSE HARMFUL INTERFERENCE, AND
(2) THIS DEVICE MUST ACCEPT ANY INTERFERENCE RECEIVED, INCLUDING INTERFERENCE THAT MAY CAUSE UNDESIRED OPERATION.
100V/120V/220V/240V
AC~50-60Hz 460W
FUSE: 5x20mm
T5A L250V
C
US
To subsequent supplies
Under NO circumstances should the Venice series power supply be used with the Verona. Only the Midas
V190 Linear External Power Supply is approved for use with Verona consoles.
Servicing and Maintenance
Both the Verona and the Midas V190 linear external power supply both contain potentially lethal voltages and
should only be serviced by authorised Midas service agents. In the event of malfunction, please refer servicing
to qualified personnel. Contact your Midas dealer for more information.
Due to a policy of continual improvement, Midas reserves the right to alter the specification and performance at any time without prior notification.
Operators Manual - Page 46
Crib Sheet Mono Input
Notes:
Crib Sheet
Multi Function Input
Notes:
Midas Verona Operators Manual
Issue 1.1 - February 2004
DOC02-Verona
Due to a policy of continual product improvement, specification and features
may be subject to change without notice.