DIRECT INTERNET DATA
User’s Guide
Iridium Satellite LLC
Rev. 5; January 1, 2003
DIRECT INTERNET DATA ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- TABLE OF CONTENTS
1
Direct Internet Data Overview................................................................................................... 3
2
Hardware/Software Requirements............................................................................................ 4
3
Apollo Software Installation and Configuration ......................................................................... 5
3.1 INSTALLATION & CONFIGURATION - WINDOWS 95/98/ME/2000/XP......................................... 6
3.2 INSTALLATION & CONFIGURATION - WINDOWS NT4.0 ........................................................... 10
3.2.1 Installation of the Apollo Emulator driver and related files ..................................... 10
3.2.2 Creation of a Separate Hardware Profile for the Apollo Emulator.......................... 15
3.2.3 Creation of Shortcuts on the User’s Desktop ......................................................... 20
3.2.4 Adding the Apollo Emulator to the Startup Menu ................................................... 21
3.2.5 Configure Apollo Emulator...................................................................................... 25
4
Hardware Connections............................................................................................................ 27
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
5
SETTING UP THE 9500 OR 9505 PORTABLE PHONE .............................................................. 27
SETTING UP THE 9570 PORTABLE DOCK .............................................................................. 29
SETTING UP THE 9520 MOBILE PHONE ................................................................................ 29
SETTING UP THE EUROCOM IRIDIUM FIXED MOUNT UNIT ...................................................... 30
Connecting to the Internet....................................................................................................... 31
5.1 LOGGING ON ...................................................................................................................... 32
5.2 SPOOFING .......................................................................................................................... 34
5.2.1 Changing Spoofing Timeout Setting ....................................................................... 34
5.3 RECONNECTING .................................................................................................................. 35
5.4 LOGGING OFF ..................................................................................................................... 36
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DIRECT INTERNET DATA ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- OVERVIEW
1
Direct Internet Data Overview
Direct Internet Data Service provides enhanced Internet connectivity through dedicated servers at
the Iridium gateway, allowing you to execute accelerated file transfers and to more efficiently
browse the Internet and exchange email. Using this service, you connect directly to the Internet,
using your Iridium phone as a data modem.
Direct Internet Data Service offers faster connection times, improved throughput, and Smart
ConnectTM features. Smart ConnectTM assists you in managing your airtime by seamlessly
connecting and disconnecting you through the Iridium system when no data is being transferred.
This feature, called “spoofing”, will reduce airtime charges, improve the phone’s battery life, and
allow you to seamlessly reconnect to the Iridium system if your connection is dropped. Airtime
charges accumulate only while the call is connected.
Improved effective data throughput is achieved through the use of user-transparent data
compression. The channel rate is still 2.4 Kbps, but up to 10 Kbps effective throughput can be
achieved depending on content (graphics and images will result in lower effective throughput).
Before using Direct Internet Data, you will need to install the client software (provided on the
Iridium World Data Services CD) on your computer.
How it Works
To access Direct Internet Services, you will need a computer and data capable Iridium phone.
You will connect the computer to the Iridium phone with a serial cable. In essence, your Iridium
phone appears as an external modem to your computer.
By initiating a connection through the client software, your handset will dial and initiate a
connection with the Iridium gateway through the Iridium satellite constellation, and the switch will
route the call to the Direct Internet server. Once connected to the Direct Internet server and a
session has been established, you will be seamlessly connected to the Internet, as if you were on
a LAN. You can then check your email and browse the Internet just like you would via Dial-Up
Data Service, except that now you have the advantages offered by the Direct Internet Data
Service. Figure 1 illustrates how a Direct Internet data call is routed.
Internet
Iridium Gateway
Figure 1. Iridium Direct Internet Data Connectivity
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DIRECT INTERNET DATA ------------------------------------------------------ HARDWARE/SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS
2
Hardware/Software Requirements
To use Iridium Direct Internet Data Service, you will need the following:
A Windows-based PC, with:
•
•
•
Windows 95, 98, Me, NT4.0 (Service Pack 4 or later), 2000 or XP
CD-ROM drive
Serial port
A SIM Card that is provisioned for data (note that this SIM can also be used for voice calls).
An Iridium Phone with a data-capable internal software version and additional
hardware/software:
Iridium Phone Type
Software Version Required
Hardware/Software
Required
Motorola 9500 Portable Phone
INC0620 or later1
Data Kit
Motorola 9505 Portable Phone
1
2
3
4
1
Data Kit
1
Data CD
LAC109G or later
Motorola 9520 Mobile Phone
RAC0620 or later
Motorola 9521 LBT-based
products (e.g. the Iridium 9500
Data Module)
RAC0620 or later
Custom Cable, Power
Supply2 and Data CD
Motorola 9522 LBT-based
products
All software versions for the
9522 are data capable
Custom Cable, Power
supply2 and Data CD
EuroCom Fixed Mount Unit
Transceiver software version
3.xx.xx or later3
Serial Cable4 and Data
CD
To check the software version: Turn the phone on and press *#91#.
Consult product documentation for details.
Consult the user’s guide that came with the phone for instructions on how to check the
transceiver software version.
Included with the phone. Note that this is a “straight through” and not a null modem cable.
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DIRECT INTERNET DATA ---------------------------------------------------------------INSTALLATION & CONFIGURATION
3
Apollo Software Installation and Configuration
Direct Internet Data Service utilizes the Apollo Emulator product from Brand Communications Ltd.
Prior to using your Iridium phone as a modem for Direct Internet Data, you must first install and
configure the Apollo Emulator software on your computer. This software emulates a LAN
connection (hence the name of the product) so that your PC “thinks” it is connected to a LAN or
Internet service even though it is remote.
This section contains instructions for installing and configuring the Apollo Emulator in selected
Microsoft Windows environments.
⇒ For Windows 95, 98, Me, 2000 or XP, complete the steps in section 3.1.
⇒ For Windows NT4.0, complete the steps in section 3.2.
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DIRECT INTERNET DATA -------------------------------------------------------------------------- WINDOWS 95/98/Me/2000/XP
3.1
Installation & Configuration - Windows 95/98/Me/2000/XP
In order to install the Apollo Emulator software in Windows 95, 98, Me, 2000 or XP, you will need
the following:
The Iridium World Data Services CD
The software serial number that is provided with the Iridium World Data Services CD. This
serial number is printed on the outside of the CD jacket
Administrator privileges (if using Windows 2000 or Windows XP Professional Edition)
Windows 95/98/Me Note: The Apollo Emulator will create a new hardware profile on your computer
during the installation. This hardware profile will be called "Iridium Direct-Internet.” Hardware
profiles are used to ensure that there are no conflicts between various devices such as LAN cards,
such that each device is only enabled within its own hardware profile. In this way, the Apollo
Emulator hardware profile enables the Apollo Emulator software but disables all other Network
Adapters. Similarly, in non-Apollo Emulator profiles the Apollo Emulator software is disabled while
the other appropriate devices are enabled. If you already use hardware profiles, the new one will
appear in the boot-up list. If you do not already use hardware profiles, you will see a new screen
each time your computer boots up.
Windows 95 Note: TCP/IP needs to be installed in order for the Apollo Emulator to work. Most
times, the Apollo Emulator will do this for you, but it may have problems in early versions of
Windows 95. In this case, it will warn you that TCP/IP installation must be done manually. TCP/IP
can be installed manually by selecting Start > Settings > Control Panel. In the Control Panel window,
double click on Network, and then click Add. Select Protocol, and click Add. Select Microsoft and
TCP/IP. Use the default settings, and reboot the computer when requested.
1. Close all applications.
2. Disable any applications that are using the serial port (e.g. COM1) to which you will connect
your Iridium phone. This includes PDA applications (e.g., HotSync), GPS and 2-way pager
software.
3. Insert the Iridium World Data Services CD into your CD drive and browse to the appropriate
directory:
• For Windows 95, browse to: \Direct Internet\Windows95\Disk 1
• For Window 98/Me/2000/XP, browse to: \Direct Internet\Windows98Me2000XP
4. Double click on Setup.exe and follow the instructions displayed in the install screens. You
can cancel at any time without affecting your system by clicking Cancel.
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5. When prompted, enter your Name and Company (Only required in Windows 95), and the
Software Serial number that was provided with your Iridium World Data Services CD. Click
Next and continue following the installation instructions.
Windows 95
Windows 98/Me/2000/XP
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6. If using Windows XP, the following screen will appear. Click “Continue Anyway”.
7. If using Windows 95 reboot your computer when prompted. During the reboot, you will see a
new hardware configuration window. Select Iridium Direct Internet.
8. The Apollo Configuration window will pop up
•
If you will be connecting your Iridium phone to the COM1 serial port, your installation is
complete. Click OK. If using Windows 98/Me, reboot your computer. During the reboot
in Windows 98/Me, you will see a new hardware configuration window. Select Iridium
Direct Internet. To connect your hardware and initiate a Direct-Internet call, continue with
section 4.
•
If you will be connecting your Iridium phone to a serial port other than COM1, continue
with step 9.
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9. Select the Modems tab and click Edit...
10. In the Data port drop-down box, select the Serial Port to which you plan to connect your
Iridium handset (e.g., COM2, COM3). If you have installed the Motorola Satellite Series
Modem driver for use with Dial-up Data, do not select this as your Data port. Click OK,
Close, Close.
11. If using Windows 98/Me, reboot your computer. During the reboot in Windows 98/Me, you
will see a new hardware configuration window. Select Iridium Direct Internet.
12. This completes the installation and configuration of the Apollo Emulator. To connect your
hardware and initiate a Direct-Internet call, continue with section 4.
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DIRECT INTERNET DATA ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------WINDOWS NT4.0
3.2
Installation & Configuration - Windows NT4.0
In order to install the Apollo Emulator software in Windows NT4.0, you will need the following:
The Iridium World Data Services CD
The software serial number that is provided with the Iridium World Data Services CD. This
serial number is provided on the outside of the CD jacket
Administrator privileges for Windows NT4.0
The following three procedures must be performed:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Install the Apollo Emulator driver and related files on the system (section 3.2.1)
Create a new hardware profile for the Apollo Emulator (section 3.2.2)
Create shortcuts to the necessary programs on the computer desktop (section 3.2.3)
Add the Apollo Emulator to the Startup Menu (section 3.2.4)
Configure the Apollo Emulator (section 3.2.5)
3.2.1
Installation of the Apollo Emulator driver and related files
1. Close all applications.
2. Disable any applications that are using the serial port (e.g. COM1) to which you will connect
your Iridium phone. This includes PDA applications (e.g., HotSync), GPS and 2-way pager
software.
3. Right click on the Network Neighborhood icon on the desktop and select the Properties
option. You will then be presented with the following window. Select the Adapters tab.
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4. Click Add…
5. When prompted for the desired adapter, click on Have Disk…
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6. Enter the path containing the Apollo Emulator installation files for Windows NT. On the
Iridium World Data Services CD these files are in the \Direct Internet\WindowsNT folder.
Note: The letter corresponding to your CD-ROM drive will vary according to the specific
configuration of your machine. In the example shown below, the CD-ROM drive has been
assigned d:. Click OK.
7. Select the driver for the Brand Communications Emulator, and click OK.
8. Enter the software serial number that was provided with your Iridium World Data Services
CD. Click OK.
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9. Click Close to close the Network Properties window.
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10. The Microsoft TCP/IP Properties window should subsequently appear. Select the Obtain an
IP address from a DHCP server setting. Click OK.
11. The following dialog box will appear. Click Yes.
12. At this point, you must reboot the computer. The system should prompt you to do so.
13. Complete the steps in section 3.2.2.
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3.2.2
Creation of a Separate Hardware Profile for the Apollo Emulator
1. Open the Control Panel by selecting Start > Settings > Control Panel. Then, double click on
the System icon. Click on the Hardware Profiles tab. Select the active hardware
configuration (designated by Current). Click Copy…
l
2. Enter a name for the new profile. Click OK.
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3. The newly created profile should appear in the profile list. Select it and click the Properties
button.
4. Select the network tab. Select the Network-disabled hardware profile checkbox. Click OK.
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5. Reboot the computer. During the reboot, you will be prompted to select the hardware
configuration to use. Choose the New configuration that was just created.
6. Once the computer has rebooted, open the Control Panel by clicking Start > Settings >
Control Panel. Then, Double Click on the Devices icon. Scroll down and select Brand
Communications Emulator NDI. Click HW Profiles…
7. Select the new configuration (Iridium Direct-Internet in this example) and click Enable.
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8. The configuration should now be enabled.
9. Highlight the Original Configuration and click Disable. The status of that configuration should
now be shown as Disabled. Click OK.
10. The Devices window should be redisplayed. Click Close.
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11. Reboot the computer.
12. During the reboot, a menu will appear. Select the Iridium Direct-Internet profile in the boot-up
menu.
13. Complete the steps in section 3.2.3.
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3.2.3
Creation of Shortcuts on the User’s Desktop
1. If you are in the Administrator account, press ctrl-alt-del and log out.
2. Log into the desired user account.
3. Right click on the desktop. Select the New > Shortcut option. Click on the Browse button.
3. Go to the \WINNT\System32 directory and select Apemctrl.exe. Click on the Open button,
then click on Next, and then click on Finish.
4. A shortcut should be created on the desktop.
5. Repeat the steps above to create shortcuts to \WINNT\System32\Apemconf.exe and
\WINNT\System32\Aplogger.exe on the user’s desktop.
6. Complete the steps in section 3.2.4.
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3.2.4
Adding the Apollo Emulator to the Startup Menu
1. Select Start > Settings > Taskbar. Select the Start Menu Programs tab. Click the Add
button.
2. Click the Browse button.
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3. Select \WINNT\System32\Apemctrl.exe. Click the Open button.
4. Click the Next button.
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5. Select the Startup program folder. Click Next >.
6. Enter a name for the shortcut. Click Finish.
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Note: After adding the Apollo Emulator to the Startup Menu, when the user selects any hardware
configuration where the Apollo client is disabled, the following warning may appear.
If this occurs, click the OK button. No adverse affects should be observed hereafter.
7. Complete the steps in section 3.2.5.
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3.2.5
Configure Apollo Emulator
NOTE: If you will be connecting your Iridium phone to COM1, your installation is
complete. To connect your hardware and initiate a Direct-Internet call, continue with
section 4.
If you will be connecting your Iridium phone to a COM port other than COM1, complete the
following steps:
1. Double click the ApEmCong.exe icon on your desktop. The Apollo Configuration window will
open up.
2. Select the Modems tab and click Edit...
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3. In the Data port drop-down box, select the Serial Port to which you plan to connect your
Iridium handset (e.g., COM2, COM3). If you have installed the Motorola Satellite Series
Modem driver for use with Dial-up Data, do not select this as your Data port. Click OK and
close all open windows.
4. This completes the installation and configuration of the Apollo Emulator. To connect your
hardware and initiate a Direct-Internet call, continue with section 4.
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DIRECT INTERNET DATA ------------------------------------------------------------ 9500/9505 PORTABLE PHONE SETUP
4
Hardware Connections
4.1
Setting up the 9500 or 9505 Portable Phone
1. Insert your data-provisioned SIM card into the phone. See the user guide for your phone if
you need further instructions on how to insert the SIM card.
2. Connect the Data Adapter to the bottom of the phone.
3. (Optionally) connect a charging device to the Data Adapter.
4. Plug the Serial Cable into the Data Adapter.
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5. Plug the Serial Cable into the serial port on your computer.
6. Rotate and extend the phone’s antenna. Place the phone into the stand, or otherwise
position the phone so that the antenna is vertical and has a clear view of the sky.
7. Continue with section 5.
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DIRECT INTERNET DATA ------------------------------------------- EUROCOM IRIDIUM FIXED MOUNT UNIT SETUP
4.2
Setting up the 9570 Portable Dock
1. Insert your data-provisioned SIM card into the phone or the dock. See the user guide for
your Portable Phone or Portable Dock if you need further instructions on how to insert the
SIM card.
2. Insert the 9500 Portable Phone into the Portable Dock (or insert a 9505 Portable Phone, with
optional dock adapter).
3. Plug the Serial Cable into the back of the Portable Dock.
4. Plug the Serial Cable into the serial port on your computer.
5. Connect an external antenna to the Portable Dock, and orient the antenna so that it has a
clear view of the sky.
6. Continue with section 5.
4.3
Setting up the 9520 Mobile Phone
1. Insert your data-provisioned SIM card into the Mobile Phone. See the user guide for your
phone if you need further instructions on how to insert the SIM card.
2. The wiring harness for the 9520 Mobile Phone contains a built-in Serial Cable. Plug the
Serial Cable into the serial port on your computer.
3. Verify that an external antenna is connected to the Mobile Phone, and orient the antenna so
that it has a clear view of the sky.
4. Continue with section 5.
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DIRECT INTERNET DATA ------------------------------------------- EUROCOM IRIDIUM FIXED MOUNT UNIT SETUP
4.4
Setting up the EuroCom Iridium Fixed Mount Unit
1. Open the small lid on the top of the transceiver unit and insert your data-provisioned SIM
card. See the user guide for your phone if you need further instructions on how to insert the
SIM card.
2. The EuroCom Iridium Fixed Mount Unit comes with a 9-Pin Serial Cable. Plug the Serial
Cable into the port labeled “Data” on the transceiver unit.
3. Plug the Serial Cable into the serial port on your computer.
4. Verify that an external antenna is connected to the phone, and orient the antenna so that it
has a clear view of the sky.
5. Continue with section 5.
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DIRECT INTERNET DATA -------------------------------------------------------------------CONNECTING TO THE INTERNET
5
Connecting to the Internet
The following are tips for the successful operation of the Apollo Emulator in order to access
Iridium Direct Internet services. Please read these tips before using the Apollo Emulator for the
first time.
1. For the Apollo Emulator to work, you always need to select the Apollo Emulator hardware
profile at boot-up of the PC (unless you are running Windows 2000 or XP). In any other
hardware profile, the Apollo Emulator is disabled. If you boot into the wrong configuration,
the Apollo Emulator software will be disabled, and you will not be able to access Iridium’s
Direct Internet Services.
2. Windows 2000 and XP do not require different hardware configurations while using the Apollo
Emulator to access Direct Internet Services.
However, you should not be attached to a LAN while using the Apollo Emulator with Windows
2000 or XP. Prior to accessing Direct Internet services with Windows 2000 or XP, you should
either:
•
Disconnect the Ethernet cable from your NIC card, or…
•
Disable the NIC card. To do this, click on Start > Settings > Network And Dialup
Connections. Right-click Local Area Connection and then left-click Disable. Note that
prior to reconnecting to a LAN, you will need to re-enable this.
3. While your computer is in the Apollo Emulator hardware profile, you cannot put your
computer into the Suspend/Hibernate mode. (Normally, this is only an issue if you are using
a laptop.) In fact, you are strongly encouraged to modify your power settings on your
computer to disable the power saving options to avoid entering the Suspend/Hibernate mode
(e.g., by closing the lid of your laptop). The Suspend/Hibernate modes cause problems since
these will disable your serial port, to which the Apollo Emulator is communicating.
To modify your power management settings, open your Control Panel by selecting Start >
Settings > Control Panel. In the Control Panel window, double click on Power Options (or
variation thereof), and change your settings to disable the Suspend/Hibernate mode.
4. You should always log out of your Direct Internet session before shutting down your
computer. If you fail to log off, (e.g., your battery loses its charge), it is not a problem. The
server may reject your initial subsequent log in attempt, because it thinks you are already
logged in. If this happens, simply log in a second time, which will then succeed.
5. Within the Configuration window, you cannot change any of the settings or parameters (e.g.,
spoofing timeouts) until you have logged out of your current session.
6. If you select Auto-Logon after reboot, your computer will attempt to automatically dial and log
you into a new session every time you boot your computer in the Apollo Emulator hardware
profile. Therefore, you will need to ensure that your Iridium handset is connected and
registered at this time.
7. You cannot normally swap handsets midway through a session (e.g., while you are spoofed),
as the change may cause the server to bar the session for authentication reasons. If you
need to change handsets, log out first. Then, swap handsets, and log back in.
8. Familiarize yourself with which COM port your communications device uses, and ensure that
you select the correct one within the Configuration window. No other application (e.g., Dial-
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Up Networking) can use the COM port that the Apollo Emulator is using while the Apollo
Emulator is transferring data or in spoofed mode. To release the COM port for other
applications, either log off or re-boot in a different hardware profile.
9. Please remember that your Iridium data connection is not as fast as the landline connections
to which you may be accustomed. Sending and receiving data will take much longer and
response times will be slower. The Apollo Emulator’s compression and call recovery features
will help in improving your performance
Note: See the Application Notes document for instructions on how to optimize some common software applications
for use with Iridium data services.
5.1
Logging On
You must first log onto the Direct Internet server in order to access the Direct-Internet services.
1. Connect your computer and Iridium phone as described in section 4.
2. Orient the phone’s antenna with a clear view of the sky.
3. If your computer is off, turn it on and wait for it to boot up.
4. Turn on your Iridium phone and wait for it to register with the satellite network.
5. Double click on the Apollo Emulator icon in your task bar, which is the networking icon with
an “X” to denote “Logged Out.”
Windows 2000 Note: If you are using Direct Internet for the first time in Windows 2000, you must doubleclick the “Apollo Controller” icon on your desktop. This will load the Apollo Emulator icon into your task
bar.
Apollo Emulator
The Apollo Controller window opens up.
If you are not in the correct hardware configuration, the Apollo Controller will indicate that the
Apollo Emulator is disabled. You will need to reboot into the proper hardware configuration.
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6. Click on the telephone icon to initiate a connection. The software will initialize the Iridium
handset and begin dialing.
7. Once connected, the server will authenticate you.
8. After successful authentication, you will be logged onto the server and have a direct
connection to the Internet. While logged in, the networking icon in the taskbar will appear
with red and green flashing screens to indicate transmit and receive traffic flow.
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5.2
Spoofing
While logged in, the Apollo Emulator will intelligently drop your call (or “Spoof”) whenever there is
no data being passed, and transparently reconnect the call whenever there is new data to be
sent, without losing your session and without you having to manually reconnect or log back in
every time. Airtime charges accumulate only while the call is connected.
Prior to spoofing, the Apollo Emulator will warn you by starting to count down to zero:
Once spoofed, the Apollo Emulator status will change from “You are connected” to “Connection
Spoofed.” While spoofed, the networking icon in the system tray will appear with a lightning bolt
through it to denote “Spoofed Session.”
5.2.1
Changing Spoofing Timeout Setting
The spoofing timeout has a default setting of 300 seconds, which should be appropriate for most
users. To change this setting, perform the following steps:
1. Double-click the Apollo Configuration icon on your desktop. Depending on your operating
system, it will named one of the following: Apollo Emulator Config, ApEmConf.exe, Apollo
Configuration, or Configuration.
2. Select the Services tab, and then click Edit...
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3. In the Idle Timeout box, enter a value between 5 and 3600 seconds.
4. Click OK and close all open windows.
5.3
Reconnecting
While spoofed, the Apollo Emulator will transparently reconnect the call whenever there is new
data to be sent - without you having to manually reconnect or log back in every time. In addition,
if you are connected and your connection is dropped or fails for any reason, the Apollo Emulator
will transparently reconnect you – without any intervention from you.
The Apollo Emulator will notify you while reconnecting:
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Once reconnected, the Apollo Emulator will update its state to “You are connected.”
5.4
Logging Off
When you are ready to end your Direct-Internet session, click the connection (“hand”) icon to log
off of the Direct-Internet server. Once logged off, you will have to log in again in order to access
the Direct-Internet services.
If you are spoofed and select the connection icon to log off, the Apollo Emulator will transparently
reconnect you in order to log off.
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DIRECT INTERNET DATA -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- TRADEMARK NOTICE
Trademark Notice
Iridium and the Iridium logo are registered trademarks and/or service marks of Iridium Satellite
LLC.
Windows, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows Me, Windows NT, Windows 2000, Windows XP,
Dial-Up Networking, Outlook, Outlook Express and Internet Explorer are registered trademarks of
Microsoft Corporation.
Netscape, Netscape Navigator and Netscape Messenger are registered trademarks of Netscape
Communications Corporation.
Apollo Emulator and Smart Connect are registered trademarks of Brand Communications Ltd.
Motorola and Satellite Series are registered trademarks of Motorola, Inc.
Iridium Satellite LLC
37
Rev. 5; January 1, 2003