Craftsman 917.387254 Owner`s manual

Owner's Manual
rRilFTXMIIN °
4.0 HORSEPOWER
20" REAR DISCHARGE
ROTARY LAWN MOWER
Model No.
917.387254
•
•
•
•
Safety
Assembly
Operation
Maintenance
•
•
EspaSol
Repair Parts
CAUTION:
Read and follow all
Safety Rules and Instructions
before operating this equipment
Sears, Roebuck and Co., Hoffman Estates, IL 60179
Warranty
Safety Rules
Assembly
Operation
Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance
LIMITED ONE YEAR WARRANTY
2
2
4
5
8
8
Product Specifications
Service and Adjustments
Storage
Troubleshooting
Repair Parts
Parts Ordering
ON CRAFTSMAN
9
11
13
14
30
Back Cover
POWER MOWER
For one year from date of purchase, when this Craftsman Lawn Mower is maintained,
lubricated, and tuned up according to the operating and maintenance instructions in the
owner's manual, Sears will repair free of charge any defect in material or workmanship.
If this Craftsman Lawn Mower is used for commercial or rental purposes, this warranty
applies for only 90 days from the date of purchase.
This Warranty does not cover:
• Expendable items which become worn during normal use, such as rotary mower
blades, blade adapters, belts, air cleaners and spark plug.
• Repairs necessary because of operator abuse or negligence, including bent crankshafts and the failure to maintain the equipment according to the instructions contained in the owner's manual.
Warranty service is available by retuming the Craftsman power mower to the nearest
Sears Service Center/Department in the United States. This warranty applies only while
this product is in use in the United States.
This Warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which
vary from state to state.
SEARS, ROEBUCKAND
CO., D/817 WA, HOFFMAN ESTATES, ILLINOIS 60179
TRAINING:
• Read this operator's manual carefully.
Become familiar with the controls and
know how to operate your mower
properly. Learn how to quickly stop
mower.
• Do not allow children to use your mower.
Never allow adults to use mower without
proper instructions. _
• Keep the area of operation clear of all
persons, especially small children and
pets.
• Use mower only as the manufacturer
intended and as described in this manual.
• Do not operate mower if it has been
dropped or damaged in any manner.
Always have damage repaired before
using your IPower.
• Do not use accessory attachments that
are not recommended by the manufac-
turer. Use of such attachments may be
hazardous.
• The blade turns when the engine is
running.
PREPARATION:
• Always thoroughly check the area to be
mowed and clear it of all stones, sticks,
wires, bones, and other foreign objects.
These objects will be thrown by the blade
and can cause severe injury.
• Always wear safety glasses or eye
shields when starting and while using
your mower.
• Dress properly. Do not operate mower
when barefoot or wearing open sandals.
Wear only solid shoes with good traction
when mowing.
• Check fuel tank before starting engine.
Do not fill gas tank indoors, when the
engine is running or when the engine is
hoLAllowthe engineto coolforseveral
minutesbeforefillingthegastank.Clean
off anyspilledgasolinebeforestartingthe
• Never cut grass by pulrmg the mower
towards you. Mow across the face of
slopes, never up and down or you might
lose your footing. Do not mow excessively steep slopes, Use caution when
operating the mower on uneven terrain
or when changing directions -- maintain
good footing.
• Never operate your mower without
proper guards, plates, grass catcher or
other safety devices in place.
engine.
• Always make wheel height adjustments
before starting your mower. Never
attempt to do this while the engine is
running.
• Mow only in daylight or good artificial
light.
OPERATION:
MAINTENANCE
• Keep your eyes and mind on your mower
and the area being cut. Do not let other
interests distract you.
• Do not mow wet or slippery grass. Never
run while operating your mower. Always
be sure of your footing -- keep a firm
hold on the handles and walk.
• Do not put hands or feet near or under
rotating parts. Keep clear of the discharge
opening at all times.
• Always stop the engine whenever you
leave or are not using your mower, or
before crossing driveways, walks, roads,
and any grevel_covered areas.
• Never direct discharge of material toward
bystanders nor allow anyone near the
mower while you are operating it.
• Before cleaning, inspecting, or repairing
your mower, stop the engine and make
absolutely sure the blade and all moving
parts have stopped. Then disconnect the
spark plug wire and keep it away from the
spark plug to prevent accidental starting.
• Do not continue to run your mower if you
hit a foreign object. Follow the procedure
outlined above, then repair any damage
before restarting and operating you
mower.
• Do not change the governor settings or
overspeed the engine. Engine damage or
personal injury may result.
• Do not oPerate your mower if it vibrates
abnormally. Excessive vibration is an
indication of damage; stop the engine,
safely check for the cause of vibration
and repair as required.
• Do not run the engine indoors. Exhaust
fumes are dangerous.
AND STORAGE:
• Check the blade and the engine mounting bolts often to be sure they are
tightened pmpedy.
• Check all bolts, nuts and screws at
frequent intervals for proper tightness to
be sure mower is in safe working
condition.
• Keep all safety devices in place and
working.
• To reduce fire hazard, keep the engine
free of grass, leaves or excessive grease
and oil.
• Check grass catcher often for detedoration and wear and replace worn bags.
Use only replacement bags that are
recommended by and comply with
specifications of the manufacturer of your
mower.
• Always keep a sharp blade on your
mower.
• Allow engine to cool before storing in any
enclosure.
• Never store mower with fuel in the tank
inside a building where fumes may reach
an open flame or an ignition source such
as a hot water heater, space heater,
clothes dryer, etc.
CAUTION: Always disconnect spark plug
wire and place wire where it cannot
contact spark plug in order to prevent
accidental starting when setting up,
transporting, adjusting or making repairs.
WARNING
The engine exhaust from this product
contains chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, birth defects,
or other reproductive harm.
3
These accessories were available when this lawn mower was produced. They are also
available at most Sears retailoutlets and service centers. Most Sears stores can also order
repair parts for you, when you provide the model number of your lawn mower. Some of these
accessories may not apply to your lawn mower.
LAWN MOWER PERFORMANCE
cUpPING DEFLECTOR
FOR REAR DISCHARGE LAWN MOWERS
M_CH_KITS
GRASS CATCHERS
FOR
REAR DISCHARGE
LAWN MOWERS
/
STABIUZER
FOR
SIDE DISCHARGE
GRASS
LAWN CATCHERS
MOWERS
_
GAS CANS
LAWN MOWER
MAINTENANCE
MUFFLERS
BELTS
AIR RLTERS
BLADES
BLADE ADAPTERS
Read these instructions and this manual
LAWN
MOWER
WHEELS
ENGINE OIL
• Remove all packing materials except
padding between upper and lower
handle and padding holding operator
presence control bar to upper handle.
• Roll lawn mower out of carton and
in its entirety before you attempt to
assemble or operate your new lawn
mower, Your new lawn mower has been
assembled at the factory with the exception of those parts left unassembled for
shipping purposes. All parts such as nuts,
washers, bolts, etc., necessary to complete the assembly have been placed in
the parts bag. To ensure safe and proper
operation of your lawn mower, all parts
and hardware you assemble must be
tightened securely. Use the correct tools
as necessary to ensure proper tightness.
TO REMOVE
CARTON
SPARK PLUGS
check carton thoroughly for additional
loose parts.
HOW TO SET UP YOUR LAWN
MOWER
TO UNFOLD
HANDLE
IMPORTANT:
Unfold handles carefully
so as not to pinch or damage control
cables.
• Raise handles until lower handle
section locks into place in mowing
position.
• Remove protective padding, raise upper
handle section into place on lower
handle and tighten both handle knobs.
• Remove handle padding holding
operator presence control bar to upper
handle.
FROM
• Remove loose parts included with
mower.
• Cut down two end corners of carton
and lay end panel down flat.
4
• Your lawn mower handle can be
adjusted for your mowing comfort.
Refer to "Adjust Handle" in the Service
and Adjustment section of this manual.
Operator presencecontrolbar
Upper handle,
Lift up
Mowing
position
Lower handle
KNOW YOUR LAWN MOWER
READ THIS OWNER'S MANUALAND SAFETY RULES BEFORE OPERATING YOUR LAWN
MOWER. Compare the illustrations with your lawn mower to familiarize yourself with the
location of various controls and adiustments. Save this manual for future reference.
These symbols may appear on your lawn mower or in literature supplied with the
product. Learn and understand their meaning.
CAUTION
OR WARlY4NG
ENGINE
ON
ENGgNE
OFF
FAST
SLOW
CHOK
E
FUEL
O_L
DANGER, KEEP HANDS
AlyO FEET AWAY
Dperatorpresence controlbar
Engine zone control....
cable
Starter handle
Handle kno'
Grass catcher,
_ap
Air filter
Primer
Lawn mower housing
Engine oil plug
MEETS
CPSC SAH-TY'
Wheel ajduster
(on each wheel)
REQUIREMENTS
Sears rotary walk-behind power lawn mowers conform to the safety standards of the American
National Standards Instituteand the U.S. Consumer ProductSafety Commission. The blade
turns when the engine is running.
uperator presence cu,_t, ul Par - must De
held down to the handle to start the engine,
Release to stop the engine,
Primer - pumps additional fuel from the
carburetor to the cylinderfor use when starting
a cold engine.
Starter handle - used for starting the engine.
5
The operation of any lawn mower can
result in foreign objects thrown into the
eyes. which can result in severe eye
damage. Always wear safety glasses or
eye shields while operating your lawn
mower or performing any adjustments or
repairs. We recommend a wide vision
safety mask over spectacles or standard
safety glasses.
HOW TO USE YOUR LAWN MOWER
ENGINE SPEED CONTROL
The engine speed was set at the factory
for optimum performance. Speed is not
adjustable.
ENGINE ZONE CONTROL
CAUTION:
Federal regulations require an
engine control to be installed on this lawn
mower in order to minimize the risk of
blade contact injury. Do not under any
circumstances attempt to defeat the
function of the operator control, The blade
turns when the engine is running.
• Your lawn mower is equipped with an
operator presence control bar which
requires the operator to be positioned
behind the lawn mower handle to start
and operate the lawn mower,
TO ADJUST
CUTTING
HEIGHT
• Raise wheels for low cut and lower
wheels for high cut.
• Adjust cutting height to suit your
requirements. Medium position is best
for most lawns.
• To change cutting height, squeeze
adjuster lever toward wheel. Move
wheel up or down to suit your requirements. Be sure all wheels are in the
same setting.
TO ATTACH
GRASS
CATCHER
• Close the flip lid. Flip lid must be closed
while operating lawn mower.
• Lift the rear door on the mower housing
and place the grass catcher frame onto
the formed tabs on the rear door hinge
bracket.
• The grass catcher is secured to the lawn
mower housing when the rear door is
lowered onto the grass catcher frame.
CAUTION:
Do not run your lawn mower
without clipping deflector or approved
grass catcher in place. Never attempt to
operate the lawn mower with the rear door
removed or propped open.
Grass
frame
bracket
Formed
tabs
TO EMPTY GRASS CATCHER
• To remove grass catcher, release
operator presence control bar to stop
engine.
• Lift up rear door and remove the grass
catcher by the handle.
NOTE: Do not drag the bag when
emptying; it will cause unnecessary wear.
NOTE: Adjuster is properly positioned
when plate tab inserts into hole in lever.
Also, 9-position adjustoes (if so equipped)
E
allow lever to be_rmdbetween,the
: :, _EFORIE ST_
NGINE
plate :tabs.,
_ ....
_OIL
:
Yourlawn mower is,shipped without oil in
Lowerwheels for
Raise wheels fot4ow : , "the engine;
• Be sure mower is level and area around
higttcut '
cutr_j_
oil fill is clean.
• Remove engine oil plug and fill to the full
<_
Lever
line on the dipstick.
•
Use 20 ozs. of oil. For type and grade
Plate tab
of oil to use, see =ENGINE" in Maintenance section of this manual.
• Pour oil slowly. Do not over fill.
• Check oil level before each use. Add oil
if needed. Fill to full line on dipstick.
• To read proper level, tighten engine oil
plug each time.
• Reinstall engine oil plug and tighten.
• Change the oil after every 25 hours of
operation or each season. You may
need to change the oil more often under
dusty, dirty conditions.
GAS
• Fill fuel tank. Use fresh, clean, regular
unleaded gasoline with a minimum of 87
octane. (Use of leaded gasoline will
increase carbon and lead oxide deposits
and reduce valve life). Do not mix oil
with gasoline. Purchase fuel in quantities that can be used within 30 days to
assure fuel freshness.
WARNING:
Experience indicates that
alcohol blended fuels (called gasohol or
using ethanol or methanol) can attract
moisture which leads to separation and
formation of acids during storage. Acidic
gas can damage the fuel system of an
engine while in storage. To avoid engine
problems, the fuel system should be
emptied before storage of 30 days or
longer. Drain the gas tank, start the
engine and let it run until the fuel lines and
carburetor are empty. Use fresh fuel next
season. See Storage Instructions for
additional information.
Never use engine
or carburetor cleaner products in the fuel
tank or permanent damage may occur.
Gasoline filler
cap
Engine oil
TO START ENGINE
• To start a cold engine, push primer five (5)
times beforetrying to start. Use a firm push.
This step is not usually necessary when
starting an engine which has already run for
a few minutes.
• Hold operator presence control bar down to
the handle and pull starter handle quickly.
Do not allow starter rope to snap back.
• To stop engine, release operator presence
control bar.
NOTE: In cooler weather it may be necessary
to repeat priming steps. In warmer weather
over priming may cause flooding and engine
will not start, ffyou do flood engine, wait a few
minutes before attempting to start and do not
repeat priming steps.
MOWING TIPS
• Under certain conditions, such as very
tall grass, it may be necessary to raise
the height of cut to reduce pushing effort
and to keep from overloading the engine
and leaving clumps of grass clippings. It
may also be necessary to reduce
ground speed and/or run the lawn
mower over the area a second time.
• For extremely heavy cutting, reduce the
width of cut by overlapping previously
cut path and mow slowly.
• For better grass bagging and most
cutting conditions, the engine speed
should be set in the fast position.
• When using a rear discharge lawn
mower in moist, heavy grass, clumps of
cut grass may not enter the grass
catcher. Reduce ground speed (pushing speed) and/or run the lawn mower
over the area a second time.
• If a trail of clippings is left on the right
side of a rear discharge mower, mow in
a clockwise direction with a small
overlap to collect the clippings on the
next pass.
• Pores in cloth grass catchers can
become filled with dirt and dust with use
and catchers will collect less grass. To
prevent this, regularly hose catcher off
with water and let dry before using.
• Keep top of engine around starter clear
and clean of grass clippings and chaff.
This will help engine air flow and extend
engine life.
MAINTENANCESCHEDULE
FILL IN DATES
AS YOU COMPLETE
REGULAR SERVICE
Check for Loose Fasteners
SERVICE DATES
t_
Cleardlr',spect Grass Catcher
M
Clean LawnMower
_
(Power-Propelled
Clean Under DriveMowers)
Cover
IV/
Check drivehalt/pulleys
E
(Power-propened Mowers)
CheclVSharpen/Replace Blade
I_
_ 3
Lubrication Chad
I/
I_
M
I/'4
Clean Battery/Recharge
Electric Start Mowers /
E
I
Check Engine Oil Level
Change Engine Oil
t/
IVtl.2
Clean Air Filter
Ii/
Inspect Muffler
I_
2
!/
N c_an or ReplaceSparkPlug
E Replace
AirFilterPaperCartridge
I/'2
1 - Change more olten when operaUng under a heavy load o{ in highambient temperatures.
2 - Sowice more oftenwhen opetaling in dirty o_ dusty_.
3. Replace blade= more olten v+henmow_g _ sandy sdiL
4 - Charge
GENERAL
LUBRICATION
48 hours at end of season.
CHART
Wheel
RECOMMENDATIONS
The warranty on this lawn mower does not
cover items that have been subjected to
operator abuse or negligence. To receive full
value from the warranty, operator must
maintain mower as instructed in this manual,
Some adjustments will need to be made
periodically to properly maintain your unit.
All adjustments in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual should be
checked at least once each season.
• Once a year, replace the spark plug, replace
air filter element and check blade for wear.
A new spark plug and clean/new air filter
element assures proper air-fuel mixture and
helps your engine runl_etter and last longer.
• Follow the maintenance schedule in this
manual.
(_ Brake springe
bracket
(_Rrea/
door
(_) Engine oil
(3:)
hinge
Handle bracket
(_
BEFORE EACH USE
(_
• Check engine oil level.
• Check for loose fasteners.
Spray lubricant
SAE 30 Motor oil. Refer to ENGINE
MAINTENANCE Section.
IMPORTANT: Do not oil or grease plastic
wheel bearings. Viscous lubricants will
attract dust and dirt that will shorten the life
of the self lubricating bearings. If you feel
they must be lubricated, use only a dry,
powdered graphite type lubricant sparingly.
LUBRICATION
Keep unit well lubricated (See "LUBRICATION
CHART').
8
PRODUCT
SPECIFICATIONS
MODEL NUMBER
917.387254
SERIAL NUMBER
DATE OF PURCHASE
HORSEPOWER:
4.0
DISPLACEMENT:
11.5 CU. IN.
GASOLINE
1.25 QUARTS
CAPACITY/TYPE:
UNLEADED
OIL TYPE (APIoSF/SG/SH):
REGULAR
SAE 30 (ABOVE 32°F)
SAE 5W-30 (BELOW
OIL CAPACITY:
SPARK PLUG(GAP:
32°F)
20 OZS.
.030")
CHAMPION
VALVE CLEARANCE:
RJ19LM OR J19LM
INTAKE:
.004 - .008
EXHAUST:
.004 - .008
SOLID STATE IGNITION
AIR GAP:
.0125 IN.
BLADE BOLT TORQUE:
35-40 FT. LBS.
The model and serial numbers will be found on a decal attached to the rear of the
lawn mower housing.Record
both serial number and date of purchase in space
provided above.
LAWN
MOWER
Always observe safety rules when
performing any maintenance.
TIRES
• Keep tires free of gasoline, oil, or insect
control chemicals which can harm
rubber.
• Avoid stumps, stones, deep ruts, sharp
objects and other hazards that may
cause tire damage.
BLADE CARE
For best results, mower blade must be
kept sharp. Replace bent or damaged
blades.
TO REMOVE
BLADE
• Remove blade and attaching hardware
(bolt, lock washer and hardened
washer).
NOTE: Remove the blade adapter and
check the key inside hub of blade adapter.
The key must be in good condition to work
propedy. Replace adapter if damaged.
TO REPLACE BLADE
• Position the blade adapter on the engine
crankshaft. Be sure key in adapter and
crankshaft keyway are aligned.
• Position blade on the blade adapter
aligning the two (2) holes in the blade
with the raised lugs on the adapter.
• Be sure the trailing edge of blade
(opposite sharp edge) is up toward the
engine.
• Install the blade bolt with the lock
washer and hardened washer into blade
• Disconnect spark plug wire from spark
plug and place wire where it cannot
come in contact with spark plug.
• Turn lawn mower on its side. Make sure
air filter and carburetor are up.
•
• Use a wood block between blade and
mower housing to prevent blade from
turning when removing blade bolt.
•
• Protect your hands with gloves and/or
wrap blade with heavy cloth.
• Remove blade bolt by turning counterclockwise.
9
adapter and crankshaft.
Use block of wood between blade and
lawn mower housing and tighten the
blade bolt, turning clockwise.
The recommended tightening torque is
35-40 ft. Ibs.
TO SHARPEN
BLADE
NOTE: We do not recommend sharpening
blade - but if you do, be sure the blade is
balanced.
Care should be taken to keep the blade
balanced. An unbalanced blade will cause
eventual damage to lawn mower or
engine.
• The blade can be sharpened with a file
or on a grinding wheel. Do not attempt
to sharpen while on the mower.
• To check blade balance, drive a nail into
a beam or wall. Leave about one inch of
the straight nail exposed. Place center
hole of blade over the head of the nail.
If blade is balanced, it should remain in
a horizontal position. If either end of the
blade moves downward, sharpen the
heavy end until the blade is balanced.
IMPORTANT:
Blade bolt is grade 8 heat
treated.
Crankshaft
keyway
Blade
adapter
Key
Blade
_
_"
Blade
bolt
washer Hardened
washer
Trailing
Blade
adapter
"F
, "20"
._
,
O"
_
_TURE
,
-lr
_
_"
_
6-
'_
,
1o,
IO"
•
_
_*
.
_
10_,
J*_
ANTICIPATEDBEFORENEXT OtLCR'tNGE
I
NOTE: Although multJ-viscosily oils (5W30,
10W30 etc.) improve starting in cold weather,
these multi-viscosityoils will result in increased
oil consumption when used above 32°F.
Check your engine oil level more frequently to
avoid possible engine damage from running
low on oil.
Change the oil after every 25 hours of
operation or at least once a year if the
lawn mower is not used for 25 hours in
one year.
Check the crankcase oil level before starting
the engine and after each five (5) hours of
continuous use. l'_jhten oil plug securely each
time you check the oil level.
TO CHANGE ENGINE OIL
• Disconnect spark plug wire from spark
plug and place wire where it cannot
come in contact with spark plug.
• Be sure lawn mower is on level surface.
• Oil will drain more freely when warm.
• Catch oil in a suitable container.
• Remove bottom oil drain plug.
• After oil has drained completely, replace
oil drain plug and tighten securely.
• Refill engine with oil. Pour slowly. Do
not over fill.
• Fill to top of slot inside of filler hole.
• Reconnect spark plug wire to spark
plug.
edge
GRASS CATCHER
• The grass catcher may be hosed with
water, but must be dry when used.
• Check your grass catcher often for
damage or deterioration. Through
normal use it will wear. If catcher needs
replacing, replace only with a manufacturer approved replacement catcher.
Give the lawn mower model number
when ordering.
ENGINE
LUBRICATION
Use only high quality detergent oil rated with
API service class'_cationSF, SG or SH.
Select the oil's 8AE viscositygrade according
to your expected operating temperature.
Drain plug
AIR FILTER
Your engine will not run properly and may
be damaged by using a dirty air fitter.
Replace the air filter every year, more
often if you mow in very dusty, dirty
conditions. Do not wash air filter.
TO CHANGE AIR FILTER
• Remove the air filter by turning counterclockwise to the stop and pull away from
collar.
• Remove filter from inside of cover.
10
•
Clean the inside of the cover and the
cohar to remove any dirt accumulation.
• Insert new filter into cover.
• Put air filter cover and filter into collar
aligning the tab with the slot.
• Push in on cover and turn clockwise to
tighten.
Turn CounterColtar
Clockwise to
Remove
Air Filter
to lighten
Air Filter Cover
MUFFLER
Inspect and replace corroded muffler as it
could create a fire hazard and/or damage.
SPARK
PLUG
Change your spark plug each year to make
your engine start easier and run better. Set
spark plug gap at .030 inch.
CLEANING
IMPORTANT:
For best performance, keep
mower housing free of built-up grass and
trash. Clean underside of mower housing
after each use.
CAUTION:
Disconnect spark plug wire
from spark plug and place wire where it
cannot come in contact with the spark
plug.
• Turn lawn mower on its side. Make sure
air filter and carburetor are up. Clean the
underside of your lawn mower by
scraping to remove build-up of grass
and trash.
• Clean engine often to keep trash from
accumulating.
A clogged engine runs
hotter and shortens engine life.
• Keep finished surfaces and wheels free
of all gasoline, oil, etc.
• We DO NOT recommend using a
garden hose to clean lawn mower
unless the electrical system, muffler, air
filter and carburetor are covered to keep
water out. Water in engine can result in
shortened engine life.
sections will have to be turned over.
CAUTION: Before performing any service
•
Remove the cable clips.
or adjustments
•
Remove the controlsand operator presence
•
Release control bar.
control
bar from the upper handle.
•
Make sure the blade and all moving
•
Remove
the starter rope guide from the
parts have completely stopped.
upper
handle.
•
Disconnect spark plug wire from
• Remove hairpin
cotters.
spark plug and place where it cannot
• Disconnect the lower handle from the
come in contact with plug.
handle brackets.
LAWN MOWER
• Turn the handle over and reassemble the
TO ADJUST cUTrlNG HEIGHT
hairpin cotters that have been _ed.
See "I'OADJUST CUTTING HEIGHT" in the
• Reassemble the starter rope guide.
Operation section of this manual.
• Reassemble the controls and the operator
REAR DEFLECTOR
presence control bar to the upper handle.
The rear deflector, attached-between the rear
CAUTION: The operator presence control bar
wheels of your lawnmower, is provided to
must pivot freely to permit blade brake
minimize the possibility that objects will be
engagement when control bar is released. Do
thrown out the rear of the lawn mower into the
not over tighten the fasteners holding the
operator's mowing position.
controls to the upper handle.
If the rear deflector becomes damaged, it
• To change from medium low to high
should be replaced.
position only the upper handle section
TO ADJUST HANDLE
will have to be turned over.
Your lawn mower handle can be raised or
• To change from medium low to low
lowered for your mowing comforL Four (4)
position, only the lower handle section
positions are available: high, medium high,
will have to be turned over.
medium low and low, Handles are shipped
mounted in the medium low position.
• To change from medium low to medium
11
high position, the upper and lower handle
Shippingposition
Medium low
Sewn hem
Medium high
),
Low
Se'
hem
Flip lid
Lower frame
Lower handle
_____
?,i_Fl_mseeSt
Squeeze to
remove
Tubularframe
Hairpin clip
TO ASSEMBLE
:c_st be
/ \
Handle
bracket
GRASS
Lower frame handle
CATCHER
\
° Insert leg of tubular frame through front
opening of grass catcher and thread
frame into sewn hem of bag.
NOTE: Keep bag hem gathered on the
straight leg of the tubular frame.
• When frame comes out the other end of
sewn hem, immediately work the end of
frame down inside the bag as shown in
inset.
• Slide sewn hem evenly around the
tubular frame until both ends of frame
are exposed out of the front opening.
• Assemble lower frame to tubular frame
as shown. Be sure handle is outside of
bag and frames are fully seated as
shown in inset.
• Slip vinyl bindings over frame.
NOTE: If vinyl bindings are too stiff, hold
them in warm water for a few minutes. If
bag gets wet, let it dry before using.
• Close the flip lid, Flip lid must be closed
while operating lawn mower.
CAUTION: Do not run your lawn mower
without clipping deflector or approved
grass catcher in place. Never attempt to
operate the lawn mower with the rear door
removed or propped open.
\
ENGINE
CARBURETOR
Your carburetor has a non-adjustable fixed
main jet for mixture control. If your engine
does not operate properly due to suspected
carburetor problems, take your lawn mower tc
an authorized service center for repair or
adjustment.
ENGINE SPEED
Your engine speed has been factory set.
Do not attempt to increase engine speed
or it may result in personal injury. If you
believe that the engine is running too fast
or too slow, take your lawn mower to an
authorized service center for repair and
adjustment.
12
Lower handle
Immediately prepare your lawn mower for
storage at the end of the season or if the
unit will not be used for 30 days or more.
Handle
bracket
LAWN MOWER
When lawn mower is to be stored for a
period of time, clean it thoroughly, remove
all dirt, grease, leaves, etc. Store in a
clean, dry area.
• Clean entire lawn mower (See "CLEANING" in the Maintenance of this manual).
• Lubricate as shown in the Maintenance
section of this manual.
• Be sure that all nuts, bolts, screws, and
pins are securely fastened. Inspect
moving parts for damage, breakage and
wear. Replace if necessary.
• Touch up all rusted or chipped paint
surfaces; sand lightly before painting.
HANDLE
Squeezer of old
Hairpincotter
ENGINE
FUEL SYSTEM
IMPORTANT: It is impodant to prevent gum
deposits from formingin essential fuel system
parts such as carburetor, fuel filter,fuel hose,
or tank during storage. Also, experience
indicates that alcohol blended fuels (called
gasohol or using ethanol or methanol) can
attract moisture which leads to separation and
formation of acids during storage. Acidic gas
can damage the fuel system of an engine
while in storage.
• Drain the fuel tank.
• Start the engine and let it run until the fuel
lines and carburetor are empty.
• Never use engine or carburetor cleaner
products in the fuel tank or permanent
damage may occur.
• Use fresh fuel next season.
You can fold your lawn mower handle for
storage.
• Squeeze the bottom ends of the lower
handle toward each other until the lower
handle clears the handle bracket, then
move handle forward.
• Loosen upper handle mounting bolts
enough to allow upper handle to be
folded back.
IMPORTANT:
When folding the handle for
storage or transportation, be sure to fold
the handle as shown or you may damage
the control cables.
• When setting up your handle from the
storage position, the lower handle will
automatically lock into the mowing
position.
NOTE: Fuel stabilizer is an acceptable
altemative in minimizing the formation of fuel
gum deposits during storage. Add stabilizer to
gasoline in fuel tank or storage container.
Always follow the mix ratiofound on stabilizer
container. Run engine at least 10 minutes
after adding stabilizer to allow the stabilizer to
reach the carburetor. Do not drain the gas
tank and carburetor if using fuel stabilizer.
Operator presence controlbar
Upper_handle _-'_
._.,.
ji" ,,,/_
Fold forelard
for storage _=_
_.
_:_i"
_
_ :,..._._';/ | Fold
_ _" //'_ J backward
_
_
.
_
Mowing
_
position
Lower handle
13
ENGINE OIL
Drain oil (with engine warm) and replace with
dean engine oil. (See "ENGINE" in the
Maintenance section of this manual).
CYUNDER
• Remove spark plug.
• Pour one ounce (29 ml) of oilthrough spark
plug hole intocylinder.
• Pull starter handle slowlya few times to
distributeoil.
• If possible, store your unitindoors and cover
it to give protection from dust and dirt.
• Cover your unit with a suitable protective
cover that does not retain moisture. Do not
use plastic. Plastic cannot breathe which
allows condensation to form and will cause
your unit to rust.
IMPORTANT: Never cover mower while
engine and exhaust areas are stillwarm.
CAUTION: Never store the lawn mowerwith
gasoline in the tank inside a building where
fumes may reach an open flame or spark.
Allow the engine to cool before storing in any
enclosure.
• Replace with new spark plug,
OTHER
• Do not store gasoline from one season to
another.
• Replace your gasoline can if your can starts
to rust. Rust and/or dirt in your gasoline will
cause problems.
TROUBLESHOOTING
PROBLEM
Does not start
CHART
CAUSE
CORRECTION
Dirty air filter.
Out of fuel.
Stale fuel.
• Clean/replace air filter.
• Fill fuel tank.
• Drain tank and refillwith
fresh clean fuel.
• Drain fuel tank and
carburetor and refilltank
Water in fuel.
with fresh gasoline.
• Connect wire to plug.
• Spark plug wire is
disconnected.
• Bad spark plug.
• Loose blade or broken blade
adapter.
• Control bar in released
position.
• Control bar defective.
14
• Replace spark plug.
• 13ghten blade bolt or
replace blade adapter.
• Depress control bar to
handle.
• Replace control bar.
TROUBLESHOOTING
CHART
PROBLEM
CAUSE
CORRECTION
Lossofpower
• Rear of lawn mower housing
or cutting blade dragging
in heavy grass.
• Cutting too much grass.
• Set to "Higher Cut"
position.
• Dirty air filter.
• Buildup of grass, leaves,
and trash under mower.
• Too much oil in engine.
• Walking speed too fast.
• Set to "Higher Cut"
position.
• Clean/replace air filten
• Clean underside of mower
housing.
• Check oil level.
• Cut at slower walking
speed.
Poor cut-
uneven
• Wom, bent or loose blade.
• Wheel heights uneven.
• Replace blade.'l]ghten
blade bolt.
• Set all wheels at same
height
Excessive
vibration
• Buildup of grass, leaves
and trash under mower.
• Clean underside of
• Worn, bent or loose blade.
• Replace blade.Tighten
blade bolt.
• Contact an authorized
service center.
• Bent engine crankshaft.
Starter rope hard
to pull
• Engine flywheel brake is on
when controlbar is released.
• Bent engine crankshaft.
• Blade adapter broken.
• Blade dragging in grass.
mower housing.
• Depress control barto
upper handle before
pulling starter rope.
• Contact an authorized
service center.
• Replace blade adapter.
• Move lawn mower to cut
grass or to hard surface
Grass catcher
not filling (if so
equipped)
Hard to push
• Cutting height too low.
• Lift on blade wom off.
:
• Catcher not venting air.
• Raise cutting height•
• Replace blade.
• Clean grass catcher.
• Grass istoo high or wheel
height is too low.
• Rear of lawn mower
• Raise cutting height,
housing or blade dragging
in grass.
• Grass catcher too full•
housing one (1) setting
higher.
• Empty grass catcher.
• Adjust handle height to
suit.
• Handle height position not
rightfor you.
15
• Raise rear of lawn mower
ROTARY LAWN MOWER - - MODEL NO. 917.387254
_58
43
35
43
57
o
43
39
43 4
4o
38
39
ROTARY LAWN MOWER - - MODEL NO. 917.387254
KEY
NO.
1
2
4
5
7
8
9
10
11
13
14
15
17
18
19
21
22
23
24
25
26
28
29
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
PART
NO.
569O2
165451X479
132001
157081X479
131959
66426
51793
136376
156577
750097
850733X004
63601
147613
700357X479
150050
54583 •
700063X479
88652
700363X479
144875X479
140657
:
151512X479
151511X479
150078
700325X007
146630
128415 "
87877
700331X004
145935X004
'
DESCRIP_ON
Control Bar
Upper Handle
Rope Guide
Lower Handle
Handle Bolt
Wire Tie
Hairpin Cotter
Handle Knob
Engine Zone ControlCable
Hex Washer Head Screw 10.24 x 1/2
Up.Stop Bracket
Locknut 1/4-20
Rear Door AssemblyKit
Back Plate
Serf Tapping Screw 10-24 x 5/8
Hex Head Tapping Screw 1/4-20 x 1/2
Rear Baffle
Hinge Screw 1/4-20 x 1-1/4
Side Baffle
DischargeBaffle
Rear Deflector
Handle BracketAssembly(Left)
Handle BracketAssembly(Right)
Screw 5/16-18 x 3/4
Wheel AdjustingBracket
Spacer
Pop Rivet
SelectorKnob
SelectorSpdng
Axle Arm Assembly
KEY
NO.
PART
NO.
38
39
40
42
43
44
45
46
47
50
51
52
53
54
55
57
58
62335
142748
146248
83923
77400
85463
150406
161857
751592
144915
851084
850263
851074
850972
850977
166072
......
59
---
88614
161058
166729
DESCRIPTION
BenevilleWasher
ShoulderBolt
Wheel and Tire Assembly
Hex Flange Locknut
Hubcap
Danger Decal
Hex Head Thread RollingScrew 3/8-16 x 1
Lawn Mower Housing(IncL Key #18, 22, 24, 44, 60)
Locknuf3/8-16
FrontBaffle
Hex Head Machlne Screw 3/8-24 x 1-3/8 (Grd. 8)
Helical Lockwasher3/8
Washer
SJade20"
Blade Adapter
Grass Bag
Engine (See Breakdown)
CraftsmanModel No,143.994000
Throat Frame
Warning Decal (Not Shown)
Owner'sManual
Availableaccessoriesnot includedwith lawn mower:
71 33303
ClippingDeflector
71 33723
Hi-Wheat Kit
71 33623
Gas Can (2.5 gal.)
71 33500
Fuel Stabilizer
71 33000
SAE 30W Oil (20 oz.)
71 33417
Dust Shield
71 33316
MowerCover
CRAFTSMAN
4-CYCLE
ENGINE
MODEL NUMBER
143.994000
126
120
195
32
CRAFTSMAN
KEY
NO.
PART
NO,
1
2
6
7
12
12A
37280
26727
33734
36557
36775
36558
12B
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
30
40
36694
28277
30589
34839A
31335
651018
36281
32600
36793
35544A
35545A
35546
41
35541
35542
35543
42
43
45
35547A
35548A
35549
20381
36777
46
46
50
52
69
70
32610A
27241
37032
29914
35261
32612C
72
75
80
81
82
83
86
89
90
92
93
100
101
103
36083
27897
30574A
30590A
30591
30588A
650488
611004
611112
650815
650816
34443B
610118
651007
110
119
12O
125
126
130
135
150
151
151A
169
172
174
178
37047
37028
36825
37288
37289
6021A
35395
31672
31673
40017
36783
36784
30200
29752
4-CYCLE
ENGINE
DESCRIPTION
Cylinder (Incl. 2,20 & 150)
Dowel Pie
Breather Element
Breather Assay. (Incl. 6 & 12A)
Breather Tube
Breather Cover & Tube
(Incl. 12B)
Breather Tube Elbow
Washer
Governor Rod (IncL 14)
Governor Lever
Governor Lover Clamp
Screw, Torx T-15, 8-32 x 19/64"
Extension Spring
Oil Seal
Crankshaft
Piston, Pin & Ring Set (Std.)
Piston, Pin & Ring Set
(.010" OS)
Piston, Pin & Ring Set
(.020" OS)
Piston & Pin Assty.
(Std.) (Incl. 43)
Piston & Pin Ass'y.
(.010" OS) (Incl. 43)
Piston & Pin Ass'y.
(.020" OS) (Incl. 43)
Ring Set (Std.)
Ring Set (.010" OS)
Ring Set (.020 OS)
Piston Pin Retaining Ring
Connecting Rod Ass'y.
(Incl. 46)
Connecting Rod Bolt
Valve Lifter
Camshaft (NCR)
Oil Pump Ass'y.
• Mounting Flange Gasket
Mounting Flange
(Incl. 72 thru 83)
Oil Drain Plug
Oil Seal
Governor Shaft
Washer
Govemor Gear Ass'y. (Incl. 81 )
Governor Spool
Screw, 1/4-20 x 1-1/4"
Flywheel Key
Flywheel
Bellevilla Washer
Flywheel Nut
Solid S_te Ignition
Spark Plug Cover
Screw, Torx "1"-15,
10-24 x 15/16"
Ground Wire
MODEL NUMBER 143.994000
KEY
NO.
PART
NO.
182
184
6201
26756
185
186
189
191
195
207
216
223
224
238
239
241
245
250
260
261
262
275
277
285
287
290
292
300
301
311
313
37OA
370C
37OK
380
390
400
36785
32653
650839
36559A
610973
34336
33086
650451
36786
650932
34338
35797
35066
35065
36834
30200
650831
36790
650988
35000A
650926
34357
26460
35586
36246
27625
34080
36261
37199
36695
640173
590737
37029A
416
36085
417
900
650821
---
900
-----
DESCRIPTION
Screws 1/4-26 x 7/8"
• Carburetor To Intake Pipe
Gasket
Intake Pipe
Governor Link
Screw, 114-20 x 3/8"
S.E. Brake Bracket (Ind.195)
Terminal
Throttle Link
R.P.M. A_just_ng Lever
Screw, 1/4-20 x 1"
• Intake Pipe Gasket
Screw, 10-32 x 49/64"
• Air Cleaner Gasket
Air Cleaner Collar
Air Cleaner Filter
Air Cleaner Cover
Blower Housing
Screw, 10-24 x 9/16"
Screw, 114-20 x 1/2"
Muffler
Screw, 1/4-20 x 2-5/16"
Starter Cup
Screw, 6-32 x 21164"
Fuel Line
Fuel Line Clamp
Fuel Tank (Include.292 &301
Fuel Cap
Oil Fill Plug
Spacer
Lubrication Decal
Primer Decal
Starter Decal
Carburetor (Inc1.184)
Rewind Starter
Gasket Set
(Incl. Items Marked')
Spark Arrestor Kit
(Incl. 417)(Optional)
Screw, 10-32 x 1/2" (Optional)
Replacement Engine 750830,
order from 71-999
Replacement S/B 750829,
order from 71-999
RPM High 2900 to 3200
NOTE: This engine could have been built with 590694
starter
NOTE: All component dimensions given in U.S. inches
1 inch = 25.4 taro
* Cylinder Head Gasket
Cylinder Head
Exhaust Valve (Std.) (Incl. 151)
Intake Valve (Std.) (Incl. 151)
Screw, 5/16-18 x 1-t/2"
Resistor Spark Plug (RJ19LM)
Valve Spring
Valve Spring Cap
Intake Valve Seal
"Valve Cover Gasket
Valve Cover
Screw, 10-24 x 9/16"
Nut & Lock Washer,
1/4-28
33
CRAFTSMAN
4-CYCLE
ENGINE
MODEL
NUMBER 143.994000
I
I
KEY
NO.
PART
NO.
DESCRIPTION
---1
2
4
5
6
7
16
25
27
28
29
30
31
35
40
44
48
60
640173
631615
631767
631184
631183
631616
650506
631807
631700
631024
632019
631028
631021
631022
632047A
631937A
631334
631027
632760
Carburetor
Throttle Shaft & Lever Assembly
Throttle Return Spring
Dust Seal Washer (Throttle)
Dust Seal (Throttle)
Throttte Shutter
Shutter Screw
Fuel Fitting
Float Bowl
Float Shaft
Float
Float Bowl =Cr" Ring
Inlet Needle, Seat & Clip (Incl. 31)
Spring Clip
Primer Bulb/Retaining Ring
High Speed Bowl Nut
Bowl Nut Washer
Welch Plug, Atmospheric Vent
Repair kit (Incl. Items Marked *)
*
•
*
•
*
*
*
•
34
CRAFTSMAN 4-CYCLE ENGINE
MODEL NUMBER 143.994000
KEY
NO.
PART
NO.
DESCRIPTION
5
6
7
8
590694
590599A
590600
590696
590601
590697
59O698
590699
590790
11
590695
12
59O535
13
590701
Pulley & Rewind Spring
Ass'y.
Starter Housing Ass'y.
(40 degree grommet)
Starter Rope ( 98" X 9/
64" dia.)
Starter Handle
KEY
NO.
PART
NO.
DESCRIPTION
3
6
7
8
590737
59O740
590616
59O617
590618A
Rewind Starter
Retainer
Starter Dog
Dog Spdng
Pulley & Rewind Spring
11
590687A
12
59O535
13
14
590701
590760
1
2
3
4
Recoil Starter
Spring Pin (Incl. 4)
Washer
Retainer
Washer
Brake Spring
Starter Dog
DogSpring
BI5
0--2
35
Ass'y
Starter Housing Ass'y
(40 degree grommet) "
Starter Rope (Length 98"
x 9/64" die.)
Starter Handle
Spring Clip
For the repair or replacement parts you need
delivered directly to your home
Call 7 am - 7 pm, 7 days a week
1-800-366-PART
(1-800-366-7278)
Para ordenar piezas con entrega a
domicilio - 1-800-659-7084
For in-house major brand repair service
Call 24 hours a day, 7 days a week
1-800-4-REPAIR
(1-800-473-7274)
Para pedir servicio de reparaci6n
domicilio - 1-800-676-6811
a
For the location of a Sears Parts and
Repair Center in your area
Call 24 hours a day, 7 days a week
1-800-488-1222
For information on purchasing a Sears
Maintenance Agreement or to inquire
about an existing Agreement
Call 9 am - 5 pm, Monday-Saturday
1-800-827-6655
When requesting service or ordering
parts, always provide the following
information:
• Product Type
• Part Number
• Model Number
• Part Description
S£ARS
America's Repazr Specia/_sts
166729
09.21.98
VB
Printed in U.S.A.