Draytek Vigor 2820 User`s guide

i
Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
ii
Vigor2820 Series
ADSL2/2+ Security Firewall
User’s Guide
Version: 3.2
Firmware Version: V3.3.4
Date: 22/06/2010
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Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
Copyright Information
Copyright
Declarations
Copyright 2010 All rights reserved. This publication contains information that is
protected by copyright. No part may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a
retrieval system, or translated into any language without written permission from the
copyright holders.
Trademarks
The following trademarks are used in this document:
z
Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corp.
z
Windows, Windows 95, 98, Me, NT, 2000, XP, Vista and Explorer are
trademarks of Microsoft Corp.
z
Apple and Mac OS are registered trademarks of Apple Inc.
z
Other products may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective
manufacturers.
Safety Instructions and Approval
Safety
Instructions
Warranty
z
z
Read the installation guide thoroughly before you set up the router.
The router is a complicated electronic unit that may be repaired only be
authorized and qualified personnel. Do not try to open or repair the router
yourself.
z
Do not place the router in a damp or humid place, e.g. a bathroom.
z
The router should be used in a sheltered area, within a temperature range of +5 to
+40 Celsius.
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Do not expose the router to direct sunlight or other heat sources. The housing and
electronic components may be damaged by direct sunlight or heat sources.
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Do not deploy the cable for LAN connection outdoor to prevent electronic shock
hazards.
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Keep the package out of reach of children.
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When you want to dispose of the router, please follow local regulations on
conservation of the environment.
We warrant to the original end user (purchaser) that the router will be free from any
defects in workmanship or materials for a period of two (2) years from the date of
purchase from the dealer. Please keep your purchase receipt in a safe place as it serves
as proof of date of purchase. During the warranty period, and upon proof of purchase,
should the product have indications of failure due to faulty workmanship and/or
materials, we will, at our discretion, repair or replace the defective products or
components, without charge for either parts or labor, to whatever extent we deem
necessary tore-store the product to proper operating condition. Any replacement will
consist of a new or re-manufactured functionally equivalent product of equal value, and
will be offered solely at our discretion. This warranty will not apply if the product is
modified, misused, tampered with, damaged by an act of God, or subjected to abnormal
working conditions. The warranty does not cover the bundled or licensed software of
other vendors. Defects which do not significantly affect the usability of the product will
not be covered by the warranty. We reserve the right to revise the manual and online
documentation and to make changes from time to time in the contents hereof without
obligation to notify any person of such revision or changes.
Be a Registered
Owner
Web registration is preferred. You can register your Vigor router via
http://www.draytek.com.
Firmware & Tools
Updates
Due to the continuous evolution of DrayTek technology, all routers will be regularly
upgraded. Please consult the DrayTek web site for more information on newest
firmware, tools and documents.
http://www.draytek.com
Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
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European Community Declarations
Manufacturer:
Address:
Product:
DrayTek Corp.
No. 26, Fu Shing Road, HuKou Township, HsinChu Industrial Park, Hsin-Chu, Taiwan 303
Vigor2820 Series Router
DrayTek Corp. declares that Vigor2820 Series of routers are in compliance with the following essential
requirements and other relevant provisions of R&TTE Directive 1999/5/EEC.
The product conforms to the requirements of Electro-Magnetic Compatibility (EMC) Directive 2004/108/EC by
complying with the requirements set forth in EN55022/Class B and EN55024/Class B.
The product conforms to the requirements of Low Voltage (LVD) Directive 2006/95/EC by complying with the
requirements set forth in EN60950-1.
Regulatory Information
Federal Communication Commission Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part
15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a
residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However,
there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause
harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and
on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one of the following measures:
z
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
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Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
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Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
z
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) This device may accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
.
http://www.draytek.com/user/AboutRegulatory.php
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Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
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Table of Contents
1
Preface ...............................................................................................................1
1.1 Web Configuration Buttons Explanation ................................................................................. 1
1.2 LED Indicators and Connectors .............................................................................................. 2
1.2.1 For Vigor2820 ................................................................................................................... 3
1.2.2 For Vigor2820n ................................................................................................................. 5
1.2.3 For Vigor2820V................................................................................................................. 7
1.2.4 For Vigor2820Vn............................................................................................................... 9
1.2.5 For Vigor2820VS ............................................................................................................ 11
1.2.6 For Vigor2820VSn .......................................................................................................... 13
1.3 Hardware Installation ............................................................................................................ 15
1.4 ISDN Phone Adapter Installation .......................................................................................... 16
1.5 Printer Installation ................................................................................................................. 17
2
Configuring Basic Settings ............................................................................23
2.1 Changing Password .............................................................................................................. 23
2.2 Quick Start Wizard ................................................................................................................ 25
2.2.1 PPPoE/PPPoA................................................................................................................ 26
2.2.2 1483 Bridged IP .............................................................................................................. 28
2.2.3 1483 Routed IP............................................................................................................... 29
2.3 Service Activation Wizard...................................................................................................... 30
2.4 Online Status......................................................................................................................... 33
2.4 Saving Configuration............................................................................................................. 36
3
Advanced Web Configuration..................................................................................37
3.1 WAN ...................................................................................................................................... 37
3.1.1 Basics of Internet Protocol (IP) Network......................................................................... 37
3.1.2 Network Connection by 3G USB Modem ....................................................................... 38
3.1.3 General Setup................................................................................................................. 38
3.1.4 Internet Access ............................................................................................................... 41
3.1.5 Multi-PVCs...................................................................................................................... 56
3.1.6 Load-Balance Policy ....................................................................................................... 60
3.2 LAN ....................................................................................................................................... 62
3.2.1 Basics of LAN ................................................................................................................. 62
3.2.2 General Setup................................................................................................................. 64
3.2.3 Static Route .................................................................................................................... 66
3.2.4 VLAN............................................................................................................................... 69
3.2.5 Bind IP to MAC ............................................................................................................... 70
3.2.6 LAN Port Mirror............................................................................................................... 71
3.3 NAT ....................................................................................................................................... 72
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Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
3.3.1 Port Redirection .............................................................................................................. 73
3.3.2 DMZ Host........................................................................................................................ 76
3.3.3 Open Ports...................................................................................................................... 78
3.3.4 Address Mapping............................................................................................................ 80
3.3.5 Port Trigger..................................................................................................................... 81
3.4 Firewall .................................................................................................................................. 83
3.4.1 Basics for Firewall........................................................................................................... 83
3.4.2 General Setup................................................................................................................. 85
3.4.3 Filter Setup ..................................................................................................................... 87
3.4.4 DoS Defense .................................................................................................................. 93
3.5 Objects Setting...................................................................................................................... 96
3.5.1 IP Object ......................................................................................................................... 96
3.5.2 IP Group ......................................................................................................................... 98
3.5.3 Service Type Object ....................................................................................................... 99
3.5.4 Service Type Group...................................................................................................... 101
3.5.5 Keyword Object ............................................................................................................ 102
3.5.6 Keyword Group............................................................................................................. 103
3.5.7 File Extension Object.................................................................................................... 104
3.5.8 IM Object ...................................................................................................................... 105
3.5.9 P2P Object.................................................................................................................... 107
3.5.10 Protocol Object ........................................................................................................... 108
3.5.11 Misc Object ................................................................................................................. 109
3.6 CSM .....................................................................................................................................110
3.6.1 IM/P2P Filter Profile...................................................................................................... 112
3.6.2 URL Content Filter Profile............................................................................................. 113
3.6.3 Web Content Filter Profile............................................................................................. 117
3.7 Bandwidth Management ..................................................................................................... 120
3.7.1 Sessions Limit............................................................................................................... 120
3.7.2 Bandwidth Limit ............................................................................................................ 121
3.7.3 Quality of Service.......................................................................................................... 123
3.8 Applications ......................................................................................................................... 129
3.8.1 Dynamic DNS ............................................................................................................... 129
3.8.2 Schedule ....................................................................................................................... 131
3.8.3 RADIUS ........................................................................................................................ 133
3.8.4 UPnP............................................................................................................................. 134
3.8.5 IGMP............................................................................................................................. 136
3.8.6 Wake on LAN................................................................................................................ 137
3.9 VPN and Remote Access.................................................................................................... 138
3.9.1 Remote Access Control ................................................................................................ 138
3.9.2 PPP General Setup ...................................................................................................... 139
3.9.3 IPSec General Setup .................................................................................................... 140
3.9.4 IPSec Peer Identity ....................................................................................................... 141
3.9.5 Remote Dial-in User ..................................................................................................... 143
3.9.6 LAN to LAN................................................................................................................... 146
3.9.7 Connection Management.............................................................................................. 154
3.10 Certificate Management .................................................................................................... 155
3.10.1 Local Certificate .......................................................................................................... 155
3.10.2 Trusted CA Certificate ................................................................................................ 157
3.10.3 Certificate Backup....................................................................................................... 158
3.11 VoIP ................................................................................................................................... 158
3.11.1 DialPlan ...................................................................................................................... 160
3.11.2 SIP Accounts .............................................................................................................. 170
Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
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3.11.3 Phone Settings ........................................................................................................... 174
3.11.4 Status.......................................................................................................................... 192
3.12 ISDN.................................................................................................................................. 193
3.12.1 Basic Concept............................................................................................................. 193
3.12.2 General Settings ......................................................................................................... 194
3.12.3 Dial to Single/Dual ISPs.............................................................................................. 197
3.12.4 Call Control ................................................................................................................. 201
3.13 Wireless LAN .................................................................................................................... 202
3.13.1 Basic Concepts........................................................................................................... 202
3.13.2 General Setup............................................................................................................. 204
3.13.3 Security ....................................................................................................................... 207
3.13.4 Access Control............................................................................................................ 209
3.13.5 WPS............................................................................................................................ 210
3.13.6 WDS............................................................................................................................ 212
3.13.7 Advanced Setting........................................................................................................ 215
3.13.8 WMM Configuration .................................................................................................... 216
3.13.9 AP Discovery .............................................................................................................. 217
3.13.10 Station List ................................................................................................................ 218
3.14 USB Application ................................................................................................................ 219
3.14.1 USB General Settings................................................................................................. 219
3.14.2 USB User Management.............................................................................................. 220
3.14.3 File Explorer................................................................................................................ 222
3.14.4 Disk Status.................................................................................................................. 223
3.15 System Maintenance......................................................................................................... 224
3.15.1 System Status............................................................................................................. 224
3.15.2 HTTPS Encryption Setup ........................................................................................... 226
3.15.3 TR-069 ........................................................................................................................ 226
3.15.4 Administrator Password.............................................................................................. 227
3.15.5 Configuration Backup ................................................................................................. 227
3.15.6 Syslog/Mail Alert ......................................................................................................... 230
3.15.7 Time and Date ............................................................................................................ 232
3.15.8 Management............................................................................................................... 233
3.15.9 Reboot System ........................................................................................................... 234
3.15.10 Firmware Upgrade .................................................................................................... 235
3.15.11 Activation .................................................................................................................. 236
3.16 Diagnostics........................................................................................................................ 238
3.16.1 Dial-out Trigger ........................................................................................................... 238
3.16.2 Routing Table ............................................................................................................. 239
3.16.3 ARP Cache Table ....................................................................................................... 239
3.16.4 DHCP Table................................................................................................................ 240
3.16.5 NAT Sessions Table ................................................................................................... 240
3.16.6 Ping Diagnosis............................................................................................................ 241
3.16.7 Data Flow Monitor....................................................................................................... 242
3.16.8 Traffic Graph............................................................................................................... 243
3.16.9 Trace Route ................................................................................................................ 244
4
Application and Examples ............................................................................245
4.1 Create a LAN-to-LAN Connection Between Remote Office and Headquarter ................... 245
4.2 Create a Remote Dial-in User Connection Between the Teleworker and Headquarter...... 252
4.3 QoS Setting Example.......................................................................................................... 257
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Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
4.4 LAN – Created by Using NAT ............................................................................................. 260
4.5 Calling Scenario for VoIP function ...................................................................................... 262
4.5.1 Calling via SIP Sever .................................................................................................... 262
4.5.2 Peer-to-Peer Calling ..................................................................................................... 264
4.6 Upgrade Firmware for Your Router ..................................................................................... 265
4.7 Request a certificate from a CA server on Windows CA Server ......................................... 267
4.8 Request a CA Certificate and Set as Trusted on Windows CA Server ............................... 271
4.9 Creating an Account for MyVigor ........................................................................................ 273
4.9.1 Creating an Account via Vigor Router .......................................................................... 273
4.9.2 Creating an Account via MyVigor Web Site.................................................................. 276
4.10 How to use mOTP feature through the router and iPhone ............................................... 279
5
Trouble Shooting ...........................................................................................285
5.1 Checking If the Hardware Status Is OK or Not.................................................................... 285
5.2 Checking If the Network Connection Settings on Your Computer Is OK or Not ................. 286
5.3 Pinging the Router from Your Computer ............................................................................. 288
5.4 Checking If the ISP Settings are OK or Not ........................................................................ 289
5.5 Problems for 3G Network Connection ................................................................................ 292
5.6 Backing to Factory Default Setting If Necessary ................................................................ 292
5.7 Contacting Your Dealer ....................................................................................................... 293
Appendix: Hardware Specifications.............................................................................295
Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
x
1
Preface
Vigor2820 series is an ADSL and broadband router with WAN interface. It provides
policy-based load-balance, fail-over and BOD (Bandwidth on Demand), also it integrates IP
layer QoS, NAT session/bandwidth management to help users control works well with large
bandwidth.
By adopting hardware-based VPN platform and hardware encryption of AES/DES/3DS, the
router increases the performance of VPN greatly, and offers several protocols (such as
IPSec/PPTP/L2TP) with up to 32 VPN tunnels.
The object-based design used in SPI (Stateful Packet Inspection) firewall allows users to set
firewall policy with ease. CSM (Content Security Management) provides users control and
management in IM (Instant Messenger) and P2P (Peer to Peer) more efficiency than before.
By the way, DoS/DDoS prevention and URL/Web content filter strengthen the security
outside and control inside.
Vigor2820 “S” series models support two ISDN ports. Phone S0 port is dedicated for ISDN
phone and ISDN/Phone S0 port is configurable for ISDN line and phone if required. It can
support multiple SIP registrars with high flexible configuration and call handling options.
Object-based firewall is flexible and allows your network be safe. In addition, through VoIP
function, the communication fee for you and remote people can be reduced.
1.1 Web Configuration Buttons Explanation
Several main buttons appeared on the web pages are defined as the following:
Save and apply current settings.
Cancel current settings and recover to the previous saved settings.
Clear all the selections and parameters settings, including selection from
drop-down list. All the values must be reset with factory default settings.
Add new settings for specified item.
Edit the settings for the selected item.
Delete the selected item with the corresponding settings.
Note: For the other buttons shown on the web pages, please refer to Chapter 4 for detailed
explanation.
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Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
1.2 LED Indicators and Connectors
Before you use the Vigor router, please get acquainted with the LED indicators and connectors
first.
The displays of LED indicators and connectors for the routers are different slightly. The
following sections will introduce them respectively. If the model of router you have does not
support ISDN and/or VoIP function, simply ignore the relational description.
Definitions for ISDN Ports
Below shows the names that displayed on front panel of the device and the WEB UI of this
device.
ISDN TE (Terminal Equipment) means an interface for transmitting analog signal through
Internet between Switching and router. Such interface is also named with ISDN S0 extern in
Germany.
ISDN NT (Network Terminator) is a port that used to connect general phone. Such interface is
also named with ISDN S0 intern in Germany.
The Phone S0 port is fixed to connect phone forever and the LED on the connecter will light
orange always. However ISDN/Phone S0 port on this device is configurable for connecting
phone or accessing Internet according to the settings that you adjust on WEB UI (please refer
to VoIP>>Phone Setting for detailed information).
Warning: When the orange LED lights (means ISDN NT mode), the ISDN
port can be used to connect phone only. Wrong ISDN connection might cause
severe damage on your device.
Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
2
1.2.1 For Vigor2820
LED
Status
ACT (Activity)
CSM
Blinking
Off
On
Blinking
On
WCF
On
DSL
On
Blinking
WAN2
On
USB
DoS
VPN
QoS
Explanation
Blinking
On
Blinking
On
On
The router is powered on and running normally.
The router is powered off.
A USB device is connected and active.
The data is transmitting.
The profile of CSM (Content Security Management) for
IM/P2P application is enabled from Firewall >> General
Setup. (Such profile is established under CSM menu).
The Web Content Filter is active. (It is enabled from Firewall
>> General Setup and the web content filter profile is
established under CSM menu.)
The router is ready to access Internet through DSL link.
Slowly: The DSL connection is ready.
Quickly: The connection is tranning.
The router is ready to access Internet through WAN
connection.
It will blink while transmitting data.
The DoS/DDoS function is active.
It will blink while deleting an attack.
The VPN tunnel is active.
The QoS function is active.
On
Off
Blinking
On
Off
On
Off
Blinking
On
Off
On
Off
Blinking
On
Off
The port is connected.
The port is disconnected.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 1000Mbps.
The port is disconnected with 10/100Mbps.
The port is connected.
The port is disconnected.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 100Mbps.
The port is disconnected with 10Mbps.
The port is connected.
The port is disconnected.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 100Mbps.
The port is disconnected with 10Mbps.
LED on Connector
LAN
1(Giga)
Left LED
(Green)
Right LED
(Green)
LAN
2/3/4
Left LED
(Green)
Right LED
(Green)
WAN 2
Left LED
(Green)
Right LED
(Green)
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Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
Interface
Description
Factory Reset
LAN (1-4)
DSL
WAN 2
USB
PWR
Restore the default settings. Usage: Turn on the router (ACT LED is
blinking). Press the hole and keep for more than 5 seconds. When you see
the ACT LED begins to blink rapidly than usual, release the button. Then the
router will restart with the factory default configuration.
Connecters for local networked devices.
Connecter for accessing the Internet through ADSL2/2+.
Connecter for remote networked devices.
Connecter for a USB device (for 3G USB Modem or printer).
Connecter for a power adapter.
ON/OFF
Power Switch.
Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
4
1.2.2 For Vigor2820n
LED
Status
Explanation
ACT (Activity)
Blinking
Off
On
Blinking
On
Blinking
On
Blinking
On
On
The router is powered on and running normally.
The router is powered off.
A USB device is connected and active.
The data is transmitting.
The profile of CSM (Content Security Management) for
IM/P2P application is enabled from Firewall >> General
Setup. (Such profile is established under CSM menu).
Wireless access point is ready.
It will blink while wireless traffic goes through.
The router is ready to access Internet through DSL link.
Slowly: The DSL connection is ready.
Quickly: The connection is training.
The router is ready to access Internet through WAN
connection.
It will blink while transmitting data.
The DoS/DDoS function is active.
It will blink while deleting an attack.
The VPN tunnel is active.
The QoS function is active.
On
Off
Blinking
On
Off
On
Off
Blinking
On
Off
On
Off
Blinking
On
Off
The port is connected.
The port is disconnected.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 1000Mbps.
The port is disconnected with 10/100Mbps.
The port is connected.
The port is disconnected.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 100Mbps.
The port is disconnected with 10Mbps.
The port is connected.
The port is disconnected.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 100Mbps.
The port is disconnected with 10Mbps.
USB
CSM
WLAN
On
Blinking
On
Blinking
DSL
WAN2
On
DoS
VPN
QoS
LED on Connector
LAN
1(Giga)
Left LED
(Green)
Right LED
(Green)
LAN
2/3/4
Left LED
(Green)
Right LED
(Green)
WAN 2
Left LED
(Green)
Right LED
(Green)
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Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
Interface
Description
Wireless LAN
ON/OFF/WPS
LAN (1-4)
DSL
WAN 2
USB
PWR
Press "Wireless LAN ON/OFF/WPS" button for 2 seconds to wait for client
device making network connection through WPS.
Press "Wireless LAN ON/OFF/WPS" button once to enable (WLAN LED
on) or disable (WLAN LED off) wireless connection.
Restore the default settings. Usage: Turn on the router (ACT LED is
blinking). Press the hole and keep for more than 5 seconds. When you see
the ACT LED begins to blink rapidly than usual, release the button. Then the
router will restart with the factory default configuration.
Connecters for local networked devices.
Connecter for accessing the Internet through ADSL2/2+.
Connecter for remote networked devices.
Connecter for a USB device (for 3G USB Modem or printer).
Connecter for a power adapter.
ON/OFF
Power Switch.
Factory Reset
Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
6
1.2.3 For Vigor2820V
LED
Status
Explanation
ACT (Activity)
CSM
Blinking
Off
On
Blinking
On
WCF
On
DSL
On
Blinking
WAN2
On
Line
Blinking
On
Off
On
Off
The router is powered on and running normally.
The router is powered off.
A USB device is connected and active.
The data is transmitting.
The profile of CSM (Content Security Management) for
IM/P2P application is enabled from Firewall >>
General Setup. (Such profile is established under CSM
menu).
The Web Content Filter is active. (It is enabled from
Firewall >> General Setup and the web content filter
profile is established under CSM menu.)
The router is ready to access Internet through DSL link.
Slowly: The modem is ready.
Quickly: The connection is training.
The router is ready to access Internet through WAN
connection.
It will blink while transmitting data.
A PSTN phone call comes (in and out). However, when
the phone call is disconnected, the LED will be off about
six seconds later.
There is no PSTN phone call.
The phone connected to this port is off-hook.
The phone connected to this port is on-hook.
On
Off
Blinking
On
Off
On
Off
Blinking
On
Off
On
Off
Blinking
On
Off
The port is connected.
The port is disconnected.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 1000Mbps.
The port is connected with 10/100Mbps.
The port is connected.
The port is disconnected.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 100Mbps.
The port is connected with 10Mbps.
The port is connected.
The port is disconnected.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 100Mbps.
The port is connected with 10Mbps.
USB
Phone 1/2
LED on Connector
LAN 1(Giga)
Left LED
(Green)
Right LED
(Green)
LAN 2/3/4
Left LED
(Green)
Right LED
(Green)
WAN 2
Left LED
(Green)
Right LED
(Green)
7
Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
Interface
Description
Factory Reset
Restore the default settings. Usage: Turn on the router (ACT LED is
blinking). Press the hole and keep for more than 5 seconds. When you see
the ACT LED begins to blink rapidly than usual, release the button. Then the
router will restart with the factory default configuration.
Connecters for local networked devices.
Connecter for accessing the Internet through ADSL2/2+.
Connecter for remote networked devices.
Connecter for a USB device (for 3G USB Modem or printer).
Connecter for a power adapter.
Power Switch.
LAN (1-4)
DSL
WAN 2
USB
PWR
ON/OFF
Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
8
1.2.4 For Vigor2820Vn
LED
Status
Explanation
ACT (Activity)
Blinking
Off
On
Blinking
On
Off
On
Off
Blinking
The router is powered on and running normally.
The router is powered off.
A USB device is connected and active.
The data is transmitting.
The profile of CSM (Content Security Management) for
IM/P2P application is enabled from Firewall >> General
Setup. (Such profile is established under CSM menu).
Wireless access point is ready.
It will blink while wireless traffic goes through.
The router is ready to access Internet through DSL link.
Slowly: The DSL connection is ready.
Quickly: The connection is tranning.
The port is connected.
The port is disconnected.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 100Mbps.
The port is disconnected with 10Mbps.
A PSTN phone call comes (in and out). However, when the
phone call is disconnected, the LED will be off about six
seconds later.
There is no PSTN phone call.
The phone connected to this port is off-hook.
The phone connected to this port is on-hook.
A phone call comes.
On
Off
Blinking
On
Off
On
Off
Blinking
On
Off
On
Off
Blinking
On
Off
The port is connected.
The port is disconnected.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 1000Mbps.
The port is disconnected with 10/100Mbps.
The port is connected.
The port is disconnected.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 100Mbps.
The port is disconnected with 10Mbps.
The port is connected.
The port is disconnected.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 100Mbps.
The port is disconnected with 10Mbps.
USB
CSM
WLAN
On
Blinking
On
Blinking
DSL
WAN 2
Left LED
(Green)
Right LED
(Green)
Line
Phone 1/2
On
Off
Blinking
On
Off
On
LED on Connector
LAN
1(Giga)
Left LED
(Green)
Right LED
(Green)
LAN
2/3/4
Left LED
(Green)
Right LED
(Green)
WAN 2
Left LED
(Green)
Right LED
(Green)
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Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
Interface
Description
Wireless LAN
ON/OFF/WPS
Phone 1/2
Line
LAN (1-4)
DSL
WAN 2
USB
PWR
Press "Wireless LAN ON/OFF/WPS" button for 2 seconds to wait for client
device making network connection through WPS.
Press "Wireless LAN ON/OFF/WPS" button once to enable (WLAN LED
on) or disable (WLAN LED off) wireless connection.
Restore the default settings. Usage: Turn on the router (ACT LED is
blinking). Press the hole and keep for more than 5 seconds. When you see
the ACT LED begins to blink rapidly than usual, release the button. Then the
router will restart with the factory default configuration.
Connecter for PSTN phone.
Connector for PSTN life line.
Connecters for local networked devices.
Connecter for accessing the Internet through ADSL2/2+.
Connecter for remote networked devices.
Connecter for a USB device (for 3G USB Modem or printer).
Connecter for a power adapter.
ON/OFF
Power Switch.
Factory Reset
Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
10
1.2.5 For Vigor2820VS
LED
Status
Explanation
ACT (Activity)
CSM
Blinking
Off
On
Blinking
On
WCF
On
DSL
On
Blinking
WAN 2
On
Blinking
On
The router is powered on and running normally.
The router is powered off.
A USB device is connected and active.
The data is transmitting.
The profile of CSM (Content Security Management) for
IM/P2P application is enabled from Firewall >> General
Setup. (Such profile is established under CSM menu).
The Web Content Filter is active. (It is enabled from Firewall
>> General Setup and the web content filter profile is
established under CSM menu.)
The router is ready to access Internet through DSL link.
Slowly: The DSL connection is ready.
Quickly: The connection is tranning.
The WAN1 or WAN2 connection is ready.
It will blink while transmitting data.
A PSTN phone call comes (in and out). However, when the
phone call is disconnected, the LED will be off about six
seconds later.
There is no PSTN phone call.
The phone connected to this port is off-hook.
The phone connected to this port is on-hook.
A phone call comes.
The QoS function is active.
USB
Line
Off
On
Off
Blinking
On
Phone
QoS
LED on Connector
On
Phone S0
Left LED
(Orange)
Right LED
(Green)
Blinking
On
Blinking
On
ISDN/
Phone S0
Left LED
(Orange)
Blinking
Off
Right LED
(Green)
On
Blinking
ISDN NT (ISDN S0 intern) mode is active and an ISDN phone
adapter is connected.
ISDN NT (ISDN S0 intern) mode is active and an ISDN phone
adapter is not connected.
A phone has been connected. If not, green LED will be off.
An ISDN phone is off-hook or a phone call comes.
ISDN NT (ISDN S0 intern) mode is active configured from
VoIP>>Phone Settings and an ISDN phone adapter is
connected.
ISDN NT (ISDN S0 intern) mode configured from
VoIP>>Phone Settings is active and an ISDN phone adapter
is not connected.
It means ISDN TE mode is active which is configured from
VoIP>>Phone Settings.
A phone adapter with phone set has been connected (ISDN S0
intern mode) or ISDN line has been connected (ISDN S0
extern mode). It will be off if there is nothing connected.
In ISDN NT (ISDN S0 intern) mode, it means an ISDN phone
is off-hook or a phone call comes.
In ISDN TE mode, it means data, fax or voice (phone call) is
transmitting.
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Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
LAN
1(Giga)
Left LED
(Green)
Right LED
(Green)
LAN
2/3/4
Left LED
(Green)
Right LED
(Green)
WAN 2
Left LED
(Green)
Right LED
(Green)
On
Off
Blinking
On
Off
On
Off
Blinking
On
Off
On
Off
Blinking
On
Off
The port is connected.
The port is disconnected.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 1000Mbps.
The port is disconnected with 10/100Mbps.
The port is connected.
The port is disconnected.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 100Mbps.
The port is disconnected with 10Mbps.
The port is connected.
The port is disconnected.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 100Mbps.
The port is disconnected with 10Mbps.
Interface
Description
Factory Reset
Phone
Line
LAN (1-4)
DSL
WAN 2
USB
PWR
Restore the default settings.
Usage: Turn on the router (ACT LED is blinking). Press the hole and keep
for more than 5 seconds. When you see the ACT LED begins to blink rapidly
than usual, release the button. Then the router will restart with the factory
default configuration.
Connecter for ISDN phone(s) only via ISDN phone adapter. Do not connect
any other device to such port or connect ISDN line, otherwise the router
might be damaged.
Connecter for ISDN line or ISDN phone adapter in particular condition.
Refer to section 2.2 for more details.
Connecter for PSTN phone.
Connector for PSTN life line.
Connecters for local networked devices.
Connecter for accessing the Internet through ADSL2/2+.
Connecter for remote networked devices.
Connecter for a USB device (for 3G USB Modem or printer).
Connecter for a power adapter.
ON/OFF
Power Switch.
Phone S0
ISDN/Phone S0
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1.2.6 For Vigor2820VSn
LED
Status
Explanation
ACT (Activity)
Blinking
Off
On
Blinking
On
The router is powered on and running normally.
The router is powered off.
A USB device is connected and active.
The data is transmitting.
The profile of CSM (Content Security Management) for
IM/P2P application is enabled from Firewall >> General
Setup. (Such profile is established under CSM menu).
Wireless access point is ready.
It will blink while wireless traffic goes through.
The router is ready to access Internet through DSL link.
Slowly: The DSL connection is ready.
Quickly: The connection is training.
The WAN1 or WAN2 connection is ready.
It will blink while transmitting data.
A PSTN phone call comes (in and out). However, when the
phone call is disconnected, the LED will be off about six
seconds later.
There is no PSTN phone call.
The phone connected to this port is off-hook.
The phone connected to this port is on-hook.
A phone call comes.
The QoS function is active.
USB
CSM
WLAN
On
Blinking
On
Blinking
DSL
WAN 2
On
Blinking
On
Line
Off
On
Off
Blinking
On
Phone
QoS
LED on Connector
On
Phone S0
Left LED
(Orange)
Right LED
(Green)
Blinking
On
Blinking
On
ISDN/
Phone S0
Left LED
(Orange)
Blinking
Off
Right LED
(Green)
On
Blinking
ISDN NT (ISDN S0 intern) mode is active and an ISDN phone
adapter is connected.
ISDN NT (ISDN S0 intern) mode is active and an ISDN phone
adapter is not connected.
A phone has been connected. If not, green LED will be off.
An ISDN phone is off-hook or a phone call comes.
ISDN NT (ISDN S0 intern) mode is active configured from
VoIP>>Phone Settings and an ISDN phone adapter is
connected.
ISDN NT (ISDN S0 intern) mode configured from
VoIP>>Phone Settings is active and an ISDN phone adapter
is not connected.
It means ISDN TE mode is active which is configured from
VoIP>>Phone Settings.
A phone adapter with phone set has been connected (ISDN S0
intern mode) or ISDN line has been connected (ISDN S0
extern mode). It will be off if there is nothing connected.
In ISDN NT (ISDN S0 intern) mode, it means an ISDN phone
is off-hook or a phone call comes.
In ISDN TE mode, it means data, fax or voice (phone call) is
transmitting.
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Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
LAN
1(Giga)
Left LED
(Green)
Right LED
(Green)
LAN
2/3/4
Left LED
(Green)
Right LED
(Green)
WAN 2
Left LED
(Green)
Right LED
(Green)
On
Off
Blinking
On
Off
On
Off
Blinking
On
Off
On
Off
Blinking
On
Off
The port is connected.
The port is disconnected.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 1000Mbps.
The port is disconnected with 10/100Mbps.
The port is connected.
The port is disconnected.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 100Mbps.
The port is disconnected with 10Mbps.
The port is connected.
The port is disconnected.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 100Mbps.
The port is disconnected with 10Mbps.
Interface
Description
Wireless LAN
ON/OFF/WPS
Phone
Line
LAN (1-4)
DSL
WAN 2
USB
PWR
Press "Wireless LAN ON/OFF/WPS" button for 2 seconds to wait for client
device making network connection through WPS.
Press "Wireless LAN ON/OFF/WPS" button once to enable (WLAN LED
on) or disable (WLAN LED off) wireless connection.
Restore the default settings.
Usage: Turn on the router (ACT LED is blinking). Press the hole and keep
for more than 5 seconds. When you see the ACT LED begins to blink rapidly
than usual, release the button. Then the router will restart with the factory
default configuration.
Connecter for ISDN phone(s) only via ISDN phone adapter. Do not connect
any other device to such port or connect ISDN line, otherwise the router
might be damaged.
Connecter for ISDN line or ISDN phone adapter in particular condition.
Refer to section 2.2 for more details.
Connecter for PSTN phone.
Connector for PSTN life line.
Connecters for local networked devices.
Connecter for accessing the Internet through ADSL2/2+.
Connecter for remote networked devices.
Connecter for a USB device (for 3G USB Modem or printer).
Connecter for a power adapter.
ON/OFF
Power Switch.
Factory Reset
Phone S0
ISDN/Phone S0
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14
1.3 Hardware Installation
Before starting to configure the router, you have to connect your devices correctly.
1.
Connect the ADSL interface to the external ADSL splitter with an ADSL line cable for
all models. For Vigor2820Vn/VS/VSn, also connect Line interface to external ADSL
splitter.
For second WAN, connect the cable Modem/DSL Modem/Media Converter to WAN2
port of router with Ethernet cable (RJ-45).
2.
Connect one end of an Ethernet cable (RJ-45) to one of the LAN ports of the router and
the other end of the cable (RJ-45) into the Ethernet port on your computer.
3.
Connect the telephone set with phone lines (for using VoIP function). For the model
without phone ports, skip this step.
4.
Connect one end of the power adapter to the router’s power port on the rear panel, and
the other side into a wall outlet.
5.
Power on the device by pressing down the power switch on the rear panel.
6.
The system starts to initiate. After completing the system test, the ACT LED will light
up and start blinking.
(For the hardware connection, we take “Vn” model as an example.)
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Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
Caution: Each of the Phone ports can be connected to an analog phone only. Do not
connect the phone ports to the telephone wall jack. Such connection might damage your
router.
1.4 ISDN Phone Adapter Installation
Such information is provided for Vigor2820 S models (e.g., Vigor2820VS).
Phone S0 is always fixed to connect ISDN phone. However, ISDN /Phone S0 is configurable
as NT or TE mode. When the user configures ISDN /Phone S0 as NT mode in VoIP>> Phone
Settings, the orange LED will light on to indicate ISDN-NT is selected. And by using ISDN
phone adapters (coming from the router package), the user can connect several phones to
Vigor2820VS for communication. Refer to the following figure for reference.
Yet, if the user configures ISDN / Phone S0 as TE Mode in VoIP>> Phone Settings, the
green LED will light on to indicate ISDN-TE is selected. Then, the port is specified for ISDN
line only. Refer to the following figure for reference.
Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
16
1.5 Printer Installation
You can install a printer onto the router for sharing printing. All the PCs connected this router
can print documents via the router. The example provided here is made based on Windows
XP/2000. For Windows 98/SE, please visit www.draytek.com.
Before using it, please follow the steps below to configure settings for connected computers
(or wireless clients).
1.
Connect the printer with the router through USB/parallel port.
2.
Open Start->Settings-> Printer and Faxes.
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Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
3.
Open File->Add a New Computer. A welcome dialog will appear. Please click Next.
4.
Click Local printer attached to this computer and click Next.
5.
In this dialog, choose Create a new port Type of port and use the drop down list to select
Standard TCP/IP Port. Click Next.
Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
18
6.
In the following dialog, type 192.168.1.1 (router’s LAN IP) in the field of Printer Name or IP
Address and type IP_192.168.1.1 as the port name. Then, click Next.
7.
Click Standard and choose Generic Network Card.
8.
Then, in the following dialog, click Finish.
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Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
9.
Now, your system will ask you to choose right name of the printer that you installed onto the router.
Such step can make correct driver loaded onto your PC. When you finish the selection, click Next.
10. For the final stage, you need to go back to Control Panel-> Printers and edit the property of the
new printer you have added.
11. Select "LPR" on Protocol, type p1 (number 1) as Queue Name. Then click OK. Next please refer
to the red rectangle for choosing the correct protocol and UPR name.
The printer can be used for printing now. Most of the printers with different manufacturers are
compatible with vigor router.
Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
20
Note 1: Some printers with the fax/scanning or other additional functions are not supported. If you
do not know whether your printer is supported or not, please visit www.draytek.com to find out the
printer list. Open Support >FAQ; find out the link of Printer Server and click it; then click the
What types of printers are compatible with Vigor router? link.
Note 2: Vigor router supports printing request from computers via LAN ports but not WAN port.
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Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
This page is left blank.
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22
2
Configuring Basic Settings
For use the router properly, it is necessary for you to change the password of web
configuration for security and adjust primary basic settings.
This chapter explains how to setup a password for an administrator and how to adjust basic
settings for accessing Internet successfully. Be aware that only the administrator can change
the router configuration.
2.1 Changing Password
To change the password for this device, you have to access into the web browse with default
password first.
1.
Make sure your computer connects to the router correctly.
Notice: You may either simply set up your computer to get IP
dynamically from the router or set up the IP address of the computer to be
the same subnet as the default IP address of Vigor router 192.168.1.1.
For the detailed information, please refer to the later section - Trouble
Shooting of this guide.
2.
Open a web browser on your PC and type http://192.168.1.1. A pop-up window will
open to ask for username and password. Please type “admin” as the username and leave
blank for the password on the window. Next click OK for next screen.
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Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
3.
Now, the Main Screen will pop up.
Note: The home page will change slightly in accordance with the router you have.
4.
Go to System Maintenance page and choose Administrator Password.
5.
Enter the login password (the default is blank) on the field of Old Password. Type New
Password and Confirm Password. Then click OK to continue.
6.
Now, the password has been changed. Next time, use the new password to access the
Web Configurator for this router.
Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
24
2.2 Quick Start Wizard
If your router can be under an environment with high speed NAT, the configuration provide
here can help you to deploy and use the router quickly. The first screen of Quick Start
Wizard is entering login password. After typing the password, please click Next.
On the next page as shown below, please select the WAN interface (WAN 1 or WAN2) that
you use. If DSL interface is used, please choose WAN1; if WAN2 interface is used, please
choose WAN2. Choose Auto negotiation as the physical type for your router. Then click
Next for next step.
On the next page as shown below, please select the appropriate Internet access type according
to the information from your ISP. For example, you should select PPPoE mode if the ISP
provides you PPPoE interface. Then click Next for next step.
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Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
In the Quick Start Wizard, you can configure the router to access the Internet with different
protocol/modes such as PPPoE/PPPoA, 1483 Bridged IP or 1483 Routed IP. The router
supports the DSL WAN interface for Internet access.
2.2.1 PPPoE/PPPoA
PPPoE stands for Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet. It relies on two widely accepted
standards: PPP and Ethernet. It connects users through an Ethernet to the Internet with a
common broadband medium, such as a single DSL line, wireless device or cable modem. All
the users over the Ethernet can share a common connection.
PPPoE is used for most of DSL modem users. All local users can share one PPPoE connection
for accessing the Internet. Your service provider will provide you information about user name,
password, and authentication mode.
Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
26
If your ISP provides you the PPPoE connection, please select PPPoE for this router. The
following page will be shown:
User Name
Assign a specific valid user name provided by the ISP.
Password
Assign a valid password provided by the ISP.
Confirm Password
Retype the password.
Click Next for viewing summary of such connection.
Click Finish. A page of Quick Start Wizard Setup OK!!! will appear. Then, the system
status of this protocol will be shown.
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Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
2.2.2 1483 Bridged IP
Click 1483 Bridged IP as the protocol. Type in all the information that your ISP provides for
this protocol.
Click Next for viewing summary of such connection.
Click Finish. A page of Quick Start Wizard Setup OK!!! will appear. Then, the system
status of this protocol will be shown.
Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
28
2.2.3 1483 Routed IP
Click 1483 Routed IP as the protocol. Type in all the information that your ISP provides for
this protocol.
After finishing the settings in this page, click Next to see the following page.
Click Finish. A page of Quick Start Wizard Setup OK!!! will appear. Then, the system
status of this protocol will be shown.
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Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
2.3 Service Activation Wizard
Service Activation Wizard can guide you to set WCF (Web Content Feature) feature with a
quick way.
Note: There are three ways to activate WCF on vigor router, using Service Activation
Wizard, by means of CSM>>Web Content Filter Profile or via System
Maintenance>>Activation.
Service Activation Wizard is a tool which allows you to use trial version or update the license
of WCF directly without accessing into the server (MyVigor) located on
http://myvigor.draytek.com. For using Web Content Filter Profile, please refer to section 3.6.3
Web Content Filter Profile for detailed information.
Now, please follow the steps listed below to activate WCF feature for your router.
1. Open Service Activation Wizard.
2.
The screen of Service Activation Wizard will be shown as follows. Choose the one you
need and click Next. In this case, we choose to activate free trail edition.
Free trial edition: it offers a period of trial for you to get acquainted with WCF function.
Formal edition with license key: you can extend the license valid time manually.
Note: If you activate Formal edition with license key first, the free trial edition will
be invalid.
Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
30
3.
In the following page, you can activate the Web content filter service at the same time or
individually. When you finish the selection, please click Next.
4.
Setting confirmation page will be displayed as follows, please click Next.
5.
Wait for a moment till the following page appears.
When such page appears, you can enable or disable these services for your necessity.
Then, click Finish.
Note: The service will be activated and applied as the default rule configured in
Firewall>>General Setup.
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Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
6.
Now, the web page will display the service that you have activated according to your
selection(s). The valid time for the free trial of these services is one month.
Later, if you need to extend the license valid time, you can also use the Service
Activation Wizard again to reach your goal by clicking the radio button of Formal
edition with license key and clicking Next.
Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
32
2.4 Online Status
The online status shows the system status, WAN status, ADSL Information and other status
related to this router within one page. If you select PPPoE/PPPoA as the protocol, you will
find out a link of Dial PPPoE or Drop PPPoE in the Online Status web page.
Online status for PPPoE (WAN2)
Online status for PPTP (for WAN2)
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Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
Online status for Static IP (for WAN1)
Online status for DHCP (WAN1)
Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
34
Online status for ISDN enabled
Detailed explanation is shown below:
Primary DNS
Displays the IP address of the primary DNS.
Secondary DNS
Displays the IP address of the secondary DNS.
LAN Status
IP Address
Displays the IP address of the LAN interface.
TX Packets
Displays the total transmitted packets at the LAN interface.
RX Packets
Displays the total number of received packets at the LAN interface.
WAN1/2 Status
Line
Displays the physical connection (Ethernet) of this interface.
Name
Displays the name set in WAN1/WAN web page.
Mode
Displays the type of WAN connection (e.g., PPPoE).
Up Time
Displays the total uptime of the interface.
IP
Displays the IP address of the WAN interface.
GW IP
Displays the IP address of the default gateway.
TX Packets
Displays the total transmitted packets at the WAN interface.
TX Rate
Displays the speed of transmitted octets at the WAN interface.
RX Packets
Displays the total number of received packets at the WAN interface.
RX Rate
Displays the speed of received octets at the WAN interface.
ISDN Status
Channel Active Conn. Displays the active connection status for each channel.
TX Pkts
Displays the total transmitted packets at the ISDN interface.
TX Rate
Displays the speed of transmitted octets at the ISDN interface.
RX Pkts
Displays the total number of received packets at the ISDN interface.
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Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
RX Rate
Displays the speed of received octets at the ISDN interface.
Up Time
Displays the total uptime of the interface.
AOC
Displays the charge information of the interface.
Note: The words in green mean that the WAN connection of that interface (WAN1/WAN2)
is ready for accessing Internet; the words in red mean that the WAN connection of that
interface (WAN1/WAN2) is not ready for accessing Internet.
2.4 Saving Configuration
Each time you click OK on the web page for saving the configuration, you can find messages
showing the system interaction with you.
Ready indicates the system is ready for you to input settings.
Settings Saved means your settings are saved once you click Finish or OK button.
Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
36
3
Advanced Web Configuration
After finished basic configuration of the router, you can access Internet with ease. For the
people who want to adjust more setting for suiting his/her request, please refer to this chapter
for getting detailed information about the advanced configuration of this router. As for other
examples of application, please refer to chapter 4.
3.1 WAN
Quick Start Wizard offers user an easy method to quick setup the connection mode for the
router. Moreover, if you want to adjust more settings for different WAN modes, please go to
WAN group and click the Internet Access link.
3.1.1 Basics of Internet Protocol (IP) Network
IP means Internet Protocol. Every device in an IP-based Network including routers, print
server, and host PCs, needs an IP address to identify its location on the network. To avoid
address conflicts, IP addresses are publicly registered with the Network Information Centre
(NIC). Having a unique IP address is mandatory for those devices participated in the public
network but not in the private TCP/IP local area networks (LANs), such as host PCs under the
management of a router since they do not need to be accessed by the public. Hence, the NIC
has reserved certain addresses that will never be registered publicly. These are known as
private IP addresses, and are listed in the following ranges:
From 10.0.0.0 to 10.255.255.255
From 172.16.0.0 to 172.31.255.255
From 192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.255
What are Public IP Address and Private IP Address
As the router plays a role to manage and further protect its LAN, it interconnects groups of
host PCs. Each of them has a private IP address assigned by the built-in DHCP server of the
Vigor router. The router itself will also use the default private IP address: 192.168.1.1 to
communicate with the local hosts. Meanwhile, Vigor router will communicate with other
network devices through a public IP address. When the data flow passing through, the
Network Address Translation (NAT) function of the router will dedicate to translate
public/private addresses, and the packets will be delivered to the correct host PC in the local
area network. Thus, all the host PCs can share a common Internet connection.
Get Your Public IP Address from ISP
In ADSL deployment, the PPP (Point to Point)-style authentication and authorization is
required for bridging customer premises equipment (CPE). Point to Point Protocol over
Ethernet (PPPoE) connects a network of hosts via an access device to a remote access
concentrator or aggregation concentrator. This implementation provides users with significant
ease of use. Meanwhile it provides access control, billing, and type of service according to
user requirement.
When a router begins to connect to your ISP, a serial of discovery process will occur to ask for
a connection. Then a session will be created. Your user ID and password is authenticated via
PAP or CHAP with RADIUS authentication system. And your IP address, DNS server, and
other related information will usually be assigned by your ISP.
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Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
3.1.2 Network Connection by 3G USB Modem
For 3G mobile communication through Access Point is popular more and more, Vigor2820
adds the function of 3G network connection for such purpose. By connecting 3G USB Modem
to the USB port of Vigor2820, it can support HSDPA/UMTS/EDGE/GPRS/GSM and the
future 3G standard (HSUPA, etc). Vigor2820 with 3G USB Modem allows you to receive 3G
signals at any place such as your car or certain location holding outdoor activity and share the
bandwidth for using by more people. Users can use four LAN ports on the router to access
Internet. Also, they can access Internet via 802.11n wireless function of Vigor2820n, and
enjoy the powerful firewall, bandwidth management, VPN, VoIP features of Vigor2820 series.
After connecting into the router, 3G USB Modem will be regarded as the second WAN port.
However, the original Ethernet WAN1 still can be used and Load-Balance can be done in the
router. Besides, 3G USB Modem in WAN2 also can be used as backup device. Therefore,
when WAN1 is not available, the router will use 3.5G for supporting automatically. The
supported 3G USB Modem will be listed on Draytek web site. Please visit www.draytek.com
for more detailed information.
Below shows the menu items for Internet Access.
3.1.3 General Setup
This section will introduce some general settings of Internet and explain the connection modes
for WAN1 and WAN2 in details.
This router supports dual WAN function. It allows users to access Internet and combine the
bandwidth of the dual WAN to speed up the transmission through the network. Each WAN
port can connect to different ISPs, Even if the ISPs use different technology to provide
telecommunication service (such as DSL, Cable modem, etc.). If any connection problem
occurred on one of the ISP connections, all the traffic will be guided and switched to the
normal communication port for proper operation. Please configure WAN1 and WAN2
settings.
This webpage allows you to set general setup for WAN1 and WAN respectively.
Note: In default, WAN1 and WAN2 are enabled.
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38
Enable
Choose Yes to invoke the settings for this WAN interface.
Choose No to disable the settings for this WAN interface.
Display Name
Type the description for the WAN1/WAN2 interface.
Physical Mode
For WAN1, the physical connection is done through ADSL port;
yet the physical connection for WAN2 is done through an
Ethernet port (P1) or USB port. You cannot change it.
To use 3G network connection through 3G USB Modem,
choose 3G USB Modem as the physical mode in WAN2. Next,
go to WAN>> Internet Access. 3G USB Modem is available
for WAN2. You can enable PPP as the access mode and
complete further configuration.
Physical Type
This setting is available for WAN2 only. You can change the
physical type for WAN2 or choose Auto negotiation for
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determined by the system.
Load Balance Mode
If you know the practical bandwidth for your WAN interface,
please choose the setting of According to Line Speed.
Otherwise, please choose Auto Weigh to let the router reach
the best load balance.
Line Speed
If your choose According to Line Speed as the Load Balance
Mode, please type the line speed for downloading and
uploading through WAN1/WAN2. The unit is kbps.
Active Mode
Choose Always On to make the WAN connection
(WAN1/WAN2) being activated always; or choose Active on
demand to make the WAN connection (WAN1/WAN2)
activated if it is necessary.
If you choose Active on demand, the Idle Timeout will be
available for you to set for PPPoE and PPTP access modes in
the Details Page of WAN>>Internet Access. In addition, there
are three selections for you to choose for different purposes.
WAN2 Fail – It means the connection for WAN1 will be
activated when WAN2 is failed.
WAN2 Upload speed exceed XX kbps – It means the
connection for WAN1 will be activated when WAN2 Upload
speed exceed certain value that you set in this box for 15
seconds.
WAN2 Download speed exceed XX kbps– It means the
connection for WAN1 will be activated when WAN2
Download speed exceed certain value that you set in this box
for 15 seconds.
WAN1 Fail – It means the connection for WAN2 will be
activated when WAN1 is failed.
WAN1 Upload speed exceed XX kbps – It means the
connection for WAN2 will be activated when WAN1 Upload
speed exceed certain value that you set in this box for 15
seconds.
WAN1 Download speed exceed XX kbps– It means the
connection for WAN2 will be activated when WAN1
Download speed exceed certain value that you set in this box
for 15 seconds.
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3.1.4 Internet Access
For the router supports dual WAN function, the users can set different WAN settings (for
WAN1/WAN2) for Internet Access. Due to different physical mode for WAN1 and WAN2,
the Access Mode for these two connections also varies slightly.
or
Index
It shows the WAN modes that this router supports. WAN1 is the
default WAN interface for accessing into the Internet. WAN2 is the
optional WAN interface for accessing into the Internet when WAN 1
is inactive for some reason.
Display Name
It shows the name of the WAN1/WAN2 that entered in general
setup.
Physical Mode
It shows the physical port for WAN1/WAN2.
Config Information
It shows brief configuration information for WAN1/WAN2
interface.
WAN1 and WAN2 support different protocols. WAN1 supports PPPoE/PPPoA and MPoA.
WAN2 supports PPPoE, Static or Dynamic IP and PPTP. According to physical connection of
your router, please choose suitable WAN interface link to set detailed information.
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PPPoE/PPPoA for WAN1
To use PPPoE/PPPoA as the accessing protocol of the Internet, select PPPoE/PPPoA mode.
The following web page will appear.
Enable/Disable
Click Enable for activating this function. If you click Disable, this
function will be closed and all the settings that you adjusted in this
page will be invalid.
DSL Modem Settings
Set up the DSL parameters required by your ISP. These are vital for
building DSL connection to your ISP.
Multi-PVC channel - The selections displayed here are determined
by the page of Internet Access – Multi PVCs. Select M-PVCs
Channel means no selection will be chosen.
VPI - Type in the value provided by ISP.
VCI - Type in the value provided by ISP.
Encapsulating Type - Drop down the list to choose the type
provided by ISP.
Protocol - Drop down the list to choose the one (PPPoE or PPPoA)
provided by ISP.
If you have already used Quick Start Wizard to set the protocol,
then it is not necessary for you to change any settings in this group.
Modulation –Default setting is Multimode. Choose the one that fits
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42
the requirement of your router.
PPPoE Pass-through
The router offers PPPoE dial-up connection. Besides, you also can
establish the PPPoE connection directly from local clients to your
ISP via the Vigor router. When PPPoA protocol is selected, the
PPPoE package transmitted by PC will be transformed into PPPoA
package and sent to WAN server. Thus, the PC can access Internet
through such direction.
For Wired LAN – If you check this box, PCs on the same network
can use another set of PPPoE session (different with the Host PC) to
access into Internet.
For Wireless LAN – If you check this box, PCs on the same
wireless network can use another set of PPPoE session (different
with the Host PC) to access into Internet.
Note: To have PPPoA Pass-through, please choose PPPoA protocol
and check the box(es) here. The router will behave like a modem
which only serves the PPPoE client on the LAN. That’s, the router
will offer PPPoA dial-up connection.
ISDN Dial Backup
Setup
This setting is available for the routers supporting ISDN function
only. Before utilizing the ISDN dial backup feature, you must
create a dial backup profile first. Please click ISDN > Dialing to
a Single ISP to create the backup profile.
None - Disable the backup function.
Packet Trigger -The backup line is not on until a packet from a
local host triggers the router to establish a connection.
Always On - If the broadband connection is no longer available,
the backup line will be activated automatically and always on
until the broadband connection is restored. We recommend you to
enable this feature if you host a web server for your customers’
access.
This setting is available for S model only.
WAN Connection
Detection
Such function allows you to verify whether network connection is
alive or not through ARP Detect or Ping Detect.
Mode – Choose ARP Detect or Ping Detect for the system to
execute for WAN detection.
Ping IP – If you choose Ping Detect as detection mode, you have
to type IP address in this field for pinging.
TTL (Time to Live) – Displays value for your reference. TTL
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value is set by telnet command.
MTU
It means Max Transmit Unit for packet. The default setting is 1442.
ISP Access Setup
Enter your allocated username, password and authentication
parameters according to the information provided by your ISP. If
you want to connect to Internet all the time, you can check Always
On.
Username – Type in the username provided by ISP in this field.
Password – Type in the password provided by ISP in this field.
PPP Authentication – Select PAP only or PAP or CHAP for PPP.
Idle Timeout – Set the timeout for breaking down the Internet after
passing through the time without any action. This setting is active
only when the Active on demand option for Active Mode is
selected in WAN>> General Setup page.
IP Address From ISP
Usually ISP dynamically assigns IP address to you each time you
connect to it and request. In some case, your ISP provides service
to always assign you the same IP address whenever you request.
In this case, you can fill in this IP address in the Fixed IP field.
Please contact your ISP before you want to use this function.
WAN IP Alias - If you have multiple public IP addresses and
would like to utilize them on the WAN interface, please use
WAN IP Alias. You can set up to 8 public IP addresses other than
the current one you are using. Notice that this setting is available
for WAN1 only. Type the additional WAN IP address and check
the Enable box. Then click OK to exit the dialog.
Fixed IP – Click Yes to use this function and type in a fixed IP
address in the box of Fixed IP Address.
Default MAC Address – You can use Default MAC Address or
specify another MAC address by typing on the boxes of MAC
Address for the router.
Specify a MAC Address – Type the MAC address for the router
manually.
Index (1-15) in Schedule Setup - You can type in four sets of time
schedule for your request. All the schedules can be set previously in
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Applications >> Schedule web page and you can use the number
that you have set in that web page.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
MPoA for WAN1
MPoA is a specification that enables ATM services to be integrated with existing LANs,
which use either Ethernet, token-ring or TCP/IP protocols. The goal of MPoA is to allow
different LANs to send packets to each other via an ATM backbone.
To use MPoA as the accessing protocol of the Internet, select MPoA mode. The following
web page will appear.
DSL Modem Settings
Set up the DSL parameters required by your ISP. These are vital for
building DSL connection to your ISP.
Multi-PVC channel - The selections displayed here are determined
by the page of Internet Access – Multi PVCs. Select M-PVCs
Channel means no selection will be chosen.
Encapsulating Type - Drop down the list to choose the type
provided by ISP.
VPI - Type in the value provided by ISP.
VCI - Type in the value provided by ISP.
Modulation –Default setting is Multimode. Choose the one that fits
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Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
the requirement of your router.
ISDN Dial Backup
Setup
This setting is available for the routers supporting ISDN function
only. Before utilizing the ISDN dial backup feature, you must
create a dial backup profile first. Please click ISDN > Dialing to
a Single ISP to create the backup profile.
None - Disable the backup function.
Packet Trigger -The backup line is not on until a packet from a
local host triggers the router to establish a connection.
Always On - If the broadband connection is no longer available,
the backup line will be activated automatically and always on
until the broadband connection is restored. We recommend you to
enable this feature if you host a web server for your customers’
access.
This setting is available for s model only.
WAN Connection
Detection
Such function allows you to verify whether network connection is
alive or not through ARP Detect or Ping Detect.
Mode – Choose ARP Detect or Ping Detect for the system to
execute for WAN detection.
Ping IP – If you choose Ping Detect as detection mode, you have
to type IP address in this field for pinging.
TTL (Time to Live) – Displays value for your reference. TTL
value is set by telnet command.
RIP Protocol
Routing Information Protocol is abbreviated as RIP(RFC1058)
specifying how routers exchange routing tables information. Click
Enable RIP for activating this function.
Bridge Mode
If you choose Bridged IP as the protocol, you can check this box to
invoke the function. The router will work as a bridge modem.
WAN IP Network
Settings
This group allows you to obtain an IP address automatically and
allows you type in IP address manually.
Obtain an IP address automatically – Click this button to obtain
the IP address automatically.
Router Name – Type in the router name provided by ISP.
Domain Name – Type in the domain name that you have assigned.
Specify an IP address – Click this radio button to specify some data.
WAN IP Alias - If you have multiple public IP addresses and would
like to utilize them on the WAN interface, please use WAN IP Alias.
You can set up to 8 public IP addresses other than the current one
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46
you are using. Notice that this setting is available for WAN1 only.
Type the additional WAN IP address and check the Enable box.
Then click OK to exit the dialog.
IP Address – Type in the private IP address.
Subnet Mask – Type in the subnet mask.
Gateway IP Address – Type in gateway IP address.
Default MAC Address Type in MAC address for the router. You
can use Default MAC Address or specify another MAC address for
your necessity.
MAC Address – Type in the MAC address for the router manually.
DNS Server IP
Address
Type in the primary IP address for the router. If necessary, type in
secondary IP address for necessity in the future.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
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PPPoE for WAN2
To use PPPoE as the accessing protocol of the Internet, select PPPoE mode. The following
web page will appear.
Enable/Disable
Click Enable for activating this function. If you click Disable, this
function will be closed and all the settings that you adjusted in this
page will be invalid.
ISP Access Setup
Enter your allocated username, password and authentication
parameters according to the information provided by your ISP. If
you want to connect to Internet all the time, you can check Always
On.
Username – Type in the username provided by ISP in this field.
Password – Type in the password provided by ISP in this field.
Index (1-15) in Schedule Setup - You can type in four sets of time
schedule for your request. All the schedules can be set previously in
Application >> Schedule web page and you can use the number
that you have set in that web page.
ISDN Dial Backup
Setup
This setting is available for the routers supporting ISDN function
only. Before utilizing the ISDN dial backup feature, you must
create a dial backup profile first. Please click ISDN > Dialing to
a Single ISP to create the backup profile.
None - Disable the backup function.
Packet Trigger -The backup line is not on until a packet from a
local host triggers the router to establish a connection.
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This setting is available for s model only.
WAN Connection
Detection
Such function allows you to verify whether network connection is
alive or not through ARP Detect or Ping Detect.
Mode – Choose ARP Detect or Ping Detect for the system to
execute for WAN detection.
Ping IP – If you choose Ping Detect as detection mode, you have
to type IP address in this field for pinging.
TTL (Time to Live) – Displays value for your reference. TTL
value is set by telnet command.
MTU
Mean maximum transmission unit of one packet. The default value
is 1442.
PPP/MP Setup
PPP Authentication – Select PAP only or PAP or CHAP for PPP.
Idle Timeout – Set the timeout for breaking down the Internet after
passing through the time without any action. This setting is active
only when the Active on demand option for Active Mode is
selected in WAN>> General Setup page.
IP Address
Assignment Method
(IPCP)
Usually ISP dynamically assigns IP address to you each time you
connect to it and request. In some case, your ISP provides service
to always assign you the same IP address whenever you request.
In this case, you can fill in this IP address in the Fixed IP field.
Please contact your ISP before you want to use this function.
WAN IP Alias - If you have multiple public IP addresses and would
like to utilize them on the WAN interface, please use WAN IP Alias.
You can set up to 8 public IP addresses other than the current one
you are using. Notice that this setting is available for WAN1 only.
Type the additional WAN IP address and check the Enable box.
Then click OK to exit the dialog.
Fixed IP – Click Yes to use this function and type in a fixed IP
address in the box of Fixed IP Address.
Fixed IP Address -Type a fixed IP address.
Default MAC Address – You can use Default MAC Address or
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Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
specify another MAC address by typing on the boxes of MAC
Address for the router.
Specify a MAC Address – Type the MAC address for the router
manually.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
Static or Dynamic IP for WAN2
For static IP mode, you usually receive a fixed public IP address or a public subnet, namely
multiple public IP addresses from your DSL or Cable ISP service providers. In most cases, a
Cable service provider will offer a fixed public IP, while a DSL service provider will offer a
public subnet. If you have a public subnet, you could assign an IP address or many IP address
to the WAN interface.
To use static or dynamic IP as the accessing protocol of the Internet, select Static or Dynamic
IP mode. The following web page will appear.
Enable/ Disable
Click Enable for activating this function. If you click Disable,
this function will be closed and all the settings that you adjusted
in this page will be invalid.
ISDN Dial Backup
Setup
This setting is available for the routers supporting ISDN function
only. Before utilizing the ISDN dial backup feature, you must
create a dial backup profile first. Please click ISDN > Dialing to
a Single ISP to create the backup profile.
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None - Disable the backup function.
Packet Trigger -The backup line is not on until a packet from a
local host triggers the router to establish a connection.
Always On - If the broadband connection is no longer available,
the backup line will be activated automatically and always on
until the broadband connection is restored. We recommend you to
enable this feature if you host a web server for your customers’
access.
This setting is available for s model only.
WAN Connection
Detection
Such function allows you to verify whether network connection is
alive or not through ARP Detect or Ping Detect.
Mode – Choose ARP Detect or Ping Detect for the system to
execute for WAN detection.
Ping IP – If you choose Ping Detect as detection mode, you have
to type IP address in this field for pinging.
TTL (Time to Live) – Displays value for your reference. TTL
value is set by telnet command.
Keep WAN
Connection
Normally, this function is designed for Dynamic IP environments
because some ISPs will drop connections if there is no traffic
within certain periods of time. Check Enable PING to keep alive
box to activate this function.
PING to the IP - If you enable the PING function, please specify
the IP address for the system to PING it for keeping alive.
PING Interval - Enter the interval for the system to execute the
PING operation.
MTU
Mean maximum transmission unit of one packet. The default value
is 1442.
RIP Protocol
Routing Information Protocol is abbreviated as RIP (RFC1058)
specifying how routers exchange routing tables information. Click
Enable RIP for activating this function.
WAN IP Network
Settings
This group allows you to obtain an IP address automatically and
allows you type in IP address manually.
WAN IP Alias - If you have multiple public IP addresses and would
like to utilize them on the WAN interface, please use WAN IP Alias.
You can set up to 8 public IP addresses other than the current one
you are using. Notice that this setting is available for WAN1 only.
Type the additional WAN IP address and check the Enable box.
Then click OK to exit the dialog.
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Obtain an IP address automatically – Click this button to obtain
the IP address automatically if you want to use Dynamic IP mode.
Router Name: Type in the router name provided by ISP.
Domain Name: Type in the domain name that you have assigned.
Specify an IP address – Click this radio button to specify some data
if you want to use Static IP mode.
IP Address: Type the IP address.
Subnet Mask: Type the subnet mask.
Gateway IP Address: Type the gateway IP address.
DNS Server IP
Address
Type in the primary IP address for the router if you want to use
Static IP mode. If necessary, type in secondary IP address for
necessity in the future.
Default MAC Address: Click this radio button to use default MAC
address for the router.
Specify a MAC Address: Some Cable service providers specify a
specific MAC address for access authentication. In such cases you
need to click the Specify a MAC Address and enter the MAC
address in the MAC Address field.
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PPTP/L2TP for WAN2
To use PPTP/L2TP as the accessing protocol of the Internet, select PPTP/L2TP mode. The
following web page will appear.
Enable PPTP
Enable L2TP
Disable
Click Enable PPTP/Enable L2TP for activating the mode. If
you click Disable, this function will be closed and all the settings
that you adjusted in this page will be invalid.
Server Address
Specify the IP address of the PPTP server.
Specify Gateway IP
Address
Specify the Gateway IP address of the PPTP server.
ISP Access Setup
Username -Type in the username provided by ISP in this field.
Password -Type in the password provided by ISP in this field.
Index (1-15) in Schedule Setup - You can type in four sets of time
schedule for your request. All the schedules can be set previously in
Application >> Schedule web page and you can use the number
that you have set in that web page.
ISDN Dial Backup
Setup
This setting is available for the routers supporting ISDN function
only. Before utilizing the ISDN dial backup feature, you must
create a dial backup profile first. Please click ISDN > Dialing to
a Single ISP to create the backup profile.
None - Disable the backup function.
Packet Trigger -The backup line is not on until a packet from a
local host triggers the router to establish a connection.
This setting is available for s model only.
MTU
Mean maximum transmission unit of one packet. The default value
is 1442.
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PPP Setup
PPP Authentication - Select PAP only or PAP or CHAP for PPP.
Idle Timeout - Set the timeout for breaking down the Internet after
passing through the time without any action. This setting is active
only when the Active on demand option for Active Mode is
selected in WAN>> General Setup page.
IP Address
Assignment
Method(IPCP)
Usually ISP dynamically assigns IP address to you each time you
connect to it and request. In some case, your ISP provides service
to always assign you the same IP address whenever you request.
In this case, you can fill in this IP address in the Fixed IP field.
Please contact your ISP before you want to use this function.
WAN IP Alias - If you have multiple public IP addresses and would
like to utilize them on the WAN interface, please use WAN IP Alias.
You can set up to 8 public IP addresses other than the current one
you are using. Notice that this setting is available for WAN1 only.
Type the additional WAN IP address and check the Enable box.
Then click OK to exit the dialog.
Click Yes to use this function and type in a fixed IP address in the
box.
Fixed IP - Click Yes to use this function and type in a fixed IP
address in the box of Fixed IP Address.
Fixed IP Address -Type a fixed IP address.
WAN IP Network
Settings
Obtain an IP address automatically – Click this button to obtain
the IP address automatically.
Specify an IP address – Click this radio button to specify some data.
IP Address – Type the IP address.
Subnet Mask – Type the subnet mask.
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PPP for WAN2
Such mode is active only 3G USB Modem was chosen as the physical mode in General Setup.
PPP Client Mode
Click Enable to activate this mode for WAN2.
SIM PIN code
Type PIN code of the SIM card that will be used to access Internet.
Modem Initial String
Such value is used to initialize USB modem. Please use the default
value. If you have any question, please contact to your ISP.
APN Name
APN(Access Point Name) is provided by your ISP for identifying
different access points. Simply click Apply to apply such name.
Finally, you have to click OK to save the setting.
Apply – Activate the function of identification.
Modem Dial String
Such value is used to dial through USB mode. Please use the default
value. If you have any question, please contact to your ISP.
PPP Username
Type the PPP username (optional).
PPP Password
Type the PPP password (optional).
Index (1-15) Set the PCs on LAN to work at certain time interval
only. You may choose up to 4 schedules out of the 15 schedules
pre-defined in Applications >> Schedule setup. The default setting
of this filed is blank and the function will always work.
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3.1.5 Multi-PVCs
This router allows you to create multi-PVCs for different data transferring for using. Simply
go to Internet Access and select Multi-PVC Setup page.
General
The system allows you to set up to eight channels which are ready for choosing as the first
PVC line that will be used as multi-PVCs.
Enable
Check this box to enable that channel. The channels that you enabled
here will be shown in the Multi-PVC channel drop down list on the
web page of Internet Access. Though you can enable eight channels
in this page, yet only one channel can be chosen on the web page of
Internet Access.
VPI
Type in the value provided by your ISP.
VCI
Type in the value provided by your ISP.
QoS Type
Select a proper QoS type for the channel.
Protocol
Select a proper protocol for this channel.
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Encapsulation
Choose a proper type for this channel. The types will be different
according to the protocol setting that you choose.
WAN link for Channel 3, 4, 5 are provided for router-borne application such as TR069 and
VoIP. The settings must be applied and obtained from your ISP. For your special request,
please contact with your ISP and then click WAN link of Channel 3, 4 or 5 to configure your
router.
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ATM QoS
Such configuration is applied to upstream packets. Such information will be provided by ISP.
Please contact with your ISP for detailed information.
QoS Type
Select a proper QoS type for the channel according to the
information that your ISP provides.
PCR
It represents Peak Cell Rate. The default setting is “0”.
SCR
It represents Sustainable Cell Rate. The value of SCR must be
smaller than PCR.
MBS
It represents Maximum Burst Size. The range of the value is 10 to
50.
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Port-based Bridge
General page lets you set the first PVC. As to set the second PVC line, please click the
Port-based Bridge tab to open Bridge configuration page.
Enable
Check this box to enable that channel. Only channel 3 to 8 can be set
in this page, for channel 1 to 4 are reserved for NAT using.
P1 to P4
It means the LAN port 1 to 4. Check the box to designate the LAN
port for channel 3 to 8.
Service Type
Normally, service type is used for the service of video stream (e.g.,
IPTV). It can divide the packets from remote control and from video
stream into different PVC. In general, the protocol used by remote
control is IGMP.
Normal – It means that the PVC can accept all packets except IGMP.
IGMP – It means that the PVC can accept packets of IGMP only.
Add Tag
To identify the usage of PVC, check this box to invoke this setting.
And type the number for VLAN ID (number).
Click Clear to remove all the configurations in this page if you do not satisfy it. When you
finish the configuration, please click OK to save and exit this page. Or click Cancel to abort
the configuration and exit this page.
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3.1.6 Load-Balance Policy
This router supports the function of load balancing. It can assign traffic with protocol type, IP
address for specific host, a subnet of hosts, and port range to be allocated in WAN1 or WAN2
interface. The user can assign traffic category and force it to go to dedicate network interface
based on the following web page setup. Twenty policies of load-balance are supported by this
router.
Note: Load-Balance Policy is running only when both WAN1 and WAN2 are activated.
Index
Click the number of index to access into the load-balance policy
configuration web page.
Enable
Check this box to enable this policy.
Protocol
Use the drop-down menu to change the protocol for the WAN
interface.
WAN
Use the drop-down menu to change the WAN interface.
Src IP Start
Displays the IP address for the start of the source IP.
Src IP End
Displays the IP address for the end of the source IP.
Dest IP Start
Displays the IP address for the start of the destination IP.
Dest IP End
Displays the IP address for the end of the destination IP.
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Dest Port Start
Displays the IP address for the start of the destination port.
Dest Port End
Displays the IP address for the end of the destination port.
Move UP/Move Down Use Up or Down link to move the order of the policy.
Click Index 1 to access into the following page for configuring load-balance policy.
Enable
Check this box to enable this policy.
Protocol
Use the drop-down menu to choose a proper protocol for the WAN
interface.
Binding WAN
interface
Choose the WAN interface (WAN1 or WAN2) for binding.
Auto failover to other WAN – Check this button to lead the data
passing through other WAN automatically when the selected
WAN interface is failover.
Src IP Start
Type the source IP start for the specified WAN interface.
Src IP End
Type the source IP end for the specified WAN interface. If this field
is blank, it means that all the source IPs inside the LAN will be
passed through the WAN interface.
Dest IP Start
Type the destination IP start for the specified WAN interface.
Dest IP End
Type the destination IP end for the specified WAN interface. If this
field is blank, it means that all the destination IPs will be passed
through the WAN interface.
Dest Port Start
Type the destination port start for the destination IP.
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Dest Port End
Type the destination port end for the destination IP. If this field is
blank, it means that all the destination ports will be passed through
the WAN interface.
3.2 LAN
Local Area Network (LAN) is a group of subnets regulated and ruled by router. The design of
network structure is related to what type of public IP addresses coming from your ISP.
3.2.1 Basics of LAN
The most generic function of Vigor router is NAT. It creates a private subnet of your own. As
mentioned previously, the router will talk to other public hosts on the Internet by using public
IP address and talking to local hosts by using its private IP address. What NAT does is to
translate the packets from public IP address to private IP address to forward the right packets
to the right host and vice versa. Besides, Vigor router has a built-in DHCP server that assigns
private IP address to each local host. See the following diagram for a briefly understanding.
In some special case, you may have a public IP subnet from your ISP such as
220.135.240.0/24. This means that you can set up a public subnet or call second subnet that
each host is equipped with a public IP address. As a part of the public subnet, the Vigor router
will serve for IP routing to help hosts in the public subnet to communicate with other public
hosts or servers outside. Therefore, the router should be set as the gateway for public hosts.
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What is Routing Information Protocol (RIP)
Vigor router will exchange routing information with neighboring routers using the RIP to
accomplish IP routing. This allows users to change the information of the router such as IP
address and the routers will automatically inform for each other.
What is Static Route
When you have several subnets in your LAN, sometimes a more effective and quicker way for
connection is the Static routes function rather than other method. You may simply set rules to
forward data from one specified subnet to another specified subnet without the presence of
RIP.
What are Virtual LANs
You can group local hosts by physical ports and create up to 4 virtual LANs. To manage the
communication between different groups, please set up rules in Virtual LAN (VLAN) function
and the rate of each.
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3.2.2 General Setup
This page provides you the general settings for LAN.
Click LAN to open the LAN settings page and choose General Setup.
1st IP Address
Type in private IP address for connecting to a local private network
(Default: 192.168.1.1).
1st Subnet Mask
Type in an address code that determines the size of the network.
(Default: 255.255.255.0/ 24)
For IP Routing Usage
Click Enable to invoke this function. The default setting is Disable.
nd
2 IP Address
Type in secondary IP address for connecting to a subnet.
(Default: 192.168.2.1/ 24)
2nd Subnet Mask
An address code that determines the size of the network.
(Default: 255.255.255.0/ 24)
2nd DHCP Server
You can configure the router to serve as a DHCP server for the 2nd
subnet.
Start IP Address: Enter a value of the IP address pool for the DHCP
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server to start with when issuing IP addresses. If the 2nd IP address
of your router is 220.135.240.1, the starting IP address must be
220.135.240.2 or greater, but smaller than 220.135.240.254.
IP Pool Counts: Enter the number of IP addresses in the pool. The
maximum is 10. For example, if you type 3 and the 2nd IP address of
your router is 220.135.240.1, the range of IP address by the DHCP
server will be from 220.135.240.2 to 220.135.240.11.
MAC Address: Enter the MAC Address of the host one by one and
click Add to create a list of hosts to be assigned, deleted or edited IP
address from above pool. Set a list of MAC Address for 2nd DHCP
server will help router to assign the correct IP address of the correct
subnet to the correct host. So those hosts in 2nd subnet won’t get an
IP address belonging to 1st subnet.
RIP Protocol Control
Disable deactivates the RIP protocol. It will lead to a stoppage of the
exchange of routing information between routers. (Default)
1st Subnet - Select the router to change the RIP information of the
1st subnet with neighboring routers.
2nd Subnet - Select the router to change the RIP information of the
2nd subnet with neighboring routers.
DHCP Server
Configuration
DHCP stands for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. The
router by factory default acts a DHCP server for your network so
it automatically dispatch related IP settings to any local user
configured as a DHCP client. It is highly recommended that you
leave the router enabled as a DHCP server if you do not have a
DHCP server for your network.
If you want to use another DHCP server in the network other than
the Vigor Router’s, you can let Relay Agent help you to redirect the
DHCP request to the specified location.
Enable Server - Let the router assign IP address to every host in the
LAN.
Disable Server – Let you manually assign IP address to every host
in the LAN.
Relay Agent – (1st subnet/2nd subnet) Specify which subnet that
DHCP server is located the relay agent should redirect the DHCP
request to.
Start IP Address - Enter a value of the IP address pool for the
DHCP server to start with when issuing IP addresses. If the 1st IP
address of your router is 192.168.1.1, the starting IP address must be
192.168.1.2 or greater, but smaller than 192.168.1.254.
IP Pool Counts - Enter the maximum number of PCs that you want
the DHCP server to assign IP addresses to. The default is 50 and the
maximum is 253.
Gateway IP Address - Enter a value of the gateway IP address for
the DHCP server. The value is usually as same as the 1st IP address
of the router, which means the router is the default gateway.
DHCP Server IP Address for Relay Agent - Set the IP address of
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the DHCP server you are going to use so the Relay Agent can help to
forward the DHCP request to the DHCP server.
DNS Server
Configuration
DNS stands for Domain Name System. Every Internet host must
have a unique IP address, also they may have a human-friendly,
easy to remember name such as www.yahoo.com. The DNS
server converts the user-friendly name into its equivalent IP
address.
Force DNS manual setting - Force Vigor router to use DNS servers
in this page instead of DNS servers given by the Internet Access
server (PPPoE, PPTP, L2TP or DHCP server).
Primary IP Address -You must specify a DNS server IP address
here because your ISP should provide you with usually more than
one DNS Server. If your ISP does not provide it, the router will
automatically apply default DNS Server IP address: 194.109.6.66 to
this field.
Secondary IP Address - You can specify secondary DNS server IP
address here because your ISP often provides you more than one
DNS Server. If your ISP does not provide it, the router will
automatically apply default secondary DNS Server IP address:
194.98.0.1 to this field.
The default DNS Server IP address can be found via Online Status:
If both the Primary IP and Secondary IP Address fields are left empty,
the router will assign its own IP address to local users as a DNS
proxy server and maintain a DNS cache.
If the IP address of a domain name is already in the DNS cache, the
router will resolve the domain name immediately. Otherwise, the
router forwards the DNS query packet to the external DNS server by
establishing a WAN (e.g. DSL/Cable) connection.
There are two common scenarios of LAN settings that stated in Chapter 4. For the
configuration examples, please refer to that chapter to get more information for your necessity.
3.2.3 Static Route
Go to LAN to open setting page and choose Static Route.
Index
The number (1 to 10) under Index allows you to open next page to
set up static route.
Destination Address
Displays the destination address of the static route.
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Status
Displays the status of the static route.
Viewing Routing Table Displays the routing table for your reference.
Add Static Routes to Private and Public Networks
Here is an example of setting Static Route in Main Router so that user A and B locating in
different subnet can talk to each other via the router. Assuming the Internet access has been
configured and the router works properly:
z
use the Main Router to surf the Internet.
z
create a private subnet 192.168.10.0 using an internal Router A (192.168.1.2)
z
create a public subnet 211.100.88.0 via an internal Router B (192.168.1.3).
z
have set Main Router 192.168.1.1 as the default gateway for the Router A 192.168.1.2.
Before setting Static Route, user A cannot talk to user B for Router A can only forward
recognized packets to its default gateway Main Router.
1.
Go to LAN page and click General Setup, select 1st Subnet as the RIP Protocol
Control. Then click the OK button.
Note: There are two reasons that we have to apply RIP Protocol Control on 1st
Subnet. The first is that the LAN interface can exchange RIP packets with the
neighboring routers via the 1st subnet (192.168.1.0/24). The second is that those
hosts on the internal private subnets (ex. 192.168.10.0/24) can access the Internet via
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the router, and continuously exchange of IP routing information with different
subnets.
2.
Click the LAN - Static Route and click on the Index Number 1. Check the Enable box.
Please add a static route as shown below, which regulates all packets destined to
192.168.10.0 will be forwarded to 192.168.1.2. Click OK.
3.
Return to Static Route Setup page. Click on another Index Number to add another
static route as show below, which regulates all packets destined to 211.100.88.0 will be
forwarded to 192.168.1.3.
4.
Go to Diagnostics and choose Routing Table to verify current routing table.
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3.2.4 VLAN
Virtual LAN function provides you a very convenient way to manage hosts by grouping them
based on the physical port. You can also manage the in/out rate of each port. Go to LAN page
and select VLAN. The following page will appear. Click Enable to invoke VLAN function.
To add or remove a VLAN, please refer to the following example.
1.
If, VLAN 0 is consisted of hosts linked to P1 and P2 and VLAN 1 is consisted of hosts
linked to P3 and P4.
2.
After checking the box to enable VLAN function, you will check the table according to
the needs as shown below.
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To remove VLAN, uncheck the needed box and click OK to save the results.
3.2.5 Bind IP to MAC
This function is used to bind the IP and MAC address in LAN to have a strengthening control
in network. When this function is enabled, all the assigned IP and MAC address binding
together cannot be changed. If you modified the binding IP or MAC address, it might cause
you not access into the Internet.
Click LAN and click Bind IP to MAC to open the setup page.
Enable
Click this radio button to invoke this function. However, IP/MAC
which is not listed in IP Bind List also can connect to Internet.
Disable
Click this radio button to disable this function. All the settings on
this page will be invalid.
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Strict Bind
Click this radio button to block the connection of the IP/MAC
which is not listed in IP Bind List.
ARP Table
This table is the LAN ARP table of this router. The information for
IP and MAC will be displayed in this field. Each pair of IP and
MAC address listed in ARP table can be selected and added to IP
Bind List by clicking Add below.
Add and Edit
IP Address – Type the IP address that will be used for the
specified MAC address.
Mac Address – Type the MAC address that is used to bind with
the assigned IP address.
Refresh
It is used to refresh the ARP table. When there is one new PC
added to the LAN, you can click this link to obtain the newly ARP
table information.
IP Bind List
It displays a list for the IP bind to MAC information.
Add
It allows you to add the one you choose from the ARP table or the
IP/MAC address typed in Add and Edit to the table of IP Bind
List.
Edit
It allows you to edit and modify the selected IP address and MAC
address that you create before.
Remove
You can remove any item listed in IP Bind List. Simply click and
select the one, and click Remove. The selected item will be
removed from the IP Bind List.
Note: Before you select Strict Bind, you have to bind one set of IP/MAC address for one PC.
If not, no one of the PCs can access into Internet. And the web configurator of the router might
not be accessed.
3.2.6 LAN Port Mirror
LAN Port mirror can be applied for the users in LAN. Generally speaking, this function copies
traffic from one or more specific ports to a target port. This mechanism helps manager track
the network errors or abnormal packets transmission without interrupting the flow of data
access the network. By the way, user can apply this function to monitor all traffics which user
needs to check.
There are some advantages supported in this feature. First, it is more economical without other
detecting equipments to be set up. Second, it may be able to view traffic on one or more ports
within a VLAN at the same time. Third, it can transfer all data traffics to be mirrored to one
analyzer connect to the mirroring port. Last, it is more convenient and easy to configure in
user’s interface.
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Port Mirror
Check Enable to activate this function. Or, check Disable to close
this function.
Mirror Port
Select a port to view traffic sent from mirrored ports.
Mirrored port
Select which ports are necessary to be mirrored.
3.3 NAT
Usually, the router serves as an NAT (Network Address Translation) router. NAT is a
mechanism that one or more private IP addresses can be mapped into a single public one.
Public IP address is usually assigned by your ISP, for which you may get charged. Private IP
addresses are recognized only among internal hosts.
When the outgoing packets destined to some public server on the Internet reach the NAT
router, the router will change its source address into the public IP address of the router, select
the available public port, and then forward it. At the same time, the router shall list an entry in
a table to memorize this address/port-mapping relationship. When the public server response,
the incoming traffic, of course, is destined to the router’s public IP address and the router will
do the inversion based on its table. Therefore, the internal host can communicate with external
host smoothly.
The benefit of the NAT includes:
z
Save cost on applying public IP address and apply efficient usage of IP address.
NAT allows the internal IP addresses of local hosts to be translated into one public IP
address, thus you can have only one IP address on behalf of the entire internal hosts.
z
Enhance security of the internal network by obscuring the IP address. There are
many attacks aiming victims based on the IP address. Since the attacker cannot be aware
of any private IP addresses, the NAT function can protect the internal network.
On NAT page, you will see the private IP address defined in RFC-1918. Usually we use the
192.168.1.0/24 subnet for the router. As stated before, the NAT facility can map one or
more IP addresses and/or service ports into different specified services. In other words, the
NAT function can be achieved by using port mapping methods.
Below shows the menu items for NAT.
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3.3.1 Port Redirection
Port Redirection is usually set up for server related service inside the local network (LAN),
such as web servers, FTP servers, E-mail servers etc. Most of the case, you need a public IP
address for each server and this public IP address/domain name are recognized by all users.
Since the server is actually located inside the LAN, the network well protected by NAT of the
router, and identified by its private IP address/port, the goal of Port Redirection function is to
forward all access request with public IP address from external users to the mapping private IP
address/port of the server.
The port redirection can only apply to incoming traffic.
To use this function, please go to NAT page and choose Port Redirection web page. The
Port Redirection Table provides 20 port-mapping entries for the internal hosts.
Press any number under Index to access into next page for configuring port redirection.
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Enable
Check this box to enable such port redirection setting.
Mode
Two options (Single and Range) are provided here for you to choose.
To set a range for the specific service, select Range. In Range mode,
if the public port (start port and end port) and the starting IP of
private IP had been entered, the system will calculate and display the
ending IP of private IP automatically.
Service Name
Enter the description of the specific network service.
Protocol
Select the transport layer protocol (TCP or UDP).
WAN IP
Select the WAN IP used for port redirection. There are eight WAN
IP alias that can be selected and used for port redirection. The
default setting is All which means all the incoming data from any
port will be redirected to specified range of IP address and port.
Public Port
Specify which port can be redirected to the specified Private IP and
Port of the internal host. If you choose Range as the port redirection
mode, you will see two boxes on this field. Simply type the required
number on the first box. The second one will be assigned
automatically later.
Private IP
Specify the private IP address of the internal host providing the
service. If you choose Range as the port redirection mode, you will
see two boxes on this field. Type a complete IP address in the first
box (as the starting point) and the fourth digits in the second box (as
the end point).
Private Port
Specify the private port number of the service offered by the internal
host.
Active
Check this box to activate the port-mapping entry you have defined.
Note that the router has its own built-in services (servers) such as Telnet, HTTP and FTP etc.
Since the common port numbers of these services (servers) are all the same, you may need to
reset the router in order to avoid confliction.
For example, the built-in web configurator in the router is with default port 80, which may
conflict with the web server in the local network, http://192.168.1.13:80. Therefore, you need
to change the router’s http port to any one other than the default port 80 to avoid conflict,
such as 8080. This can be set in the System Maintenance >>Management Setup. You then
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will access the admin screen of by suffixing the IP address with 8080, e.g.,
http://192.168.1.1:8080 instead of port 80.
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3.3.2 DMZ Host
As mentioned above, Port Redirection can redirect incoming TCP/UDP or other traffic on
particular ports to the specific private IP address/port of host in the LAN. However, other IP
protocols, for example Protocols 50 (ESP) and 51 (AH), do not travel on a fixed port. Vigor
router provides a facility DMZ Host that maps ALL unsolicited data on any protocol to a
single host in the LAN. Regular web surfing and other such Internet activities from other
clients will continue to work without inappropriate interruption. DMZ Host allows a defined
internal user to be totally exposed to the Internet, which usually helps some special
applications such as Netmeeting or Internet Games etc.
The inherent security properties of NAT are somewhat bypassed if you set up DMZ host. We
suggest you to add additional filter rules or a secondary firewall.
Click DMZ Host to open the following page:
If you previously have set up WAN Alias for PPPoE/PPPoA or MPoA mode, you will find
them in Aux. WAN IP for your selection.
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Enable
Check to enable the DMZ Host function.
Private IP
Enter the private IP address of the DMZ host, or click Choose PC to
select one.
Choose PC
Click this button and then a window will automatically pop up, as
depicted below. The window consists of a list of private IP addresses
of all hosts in your LAN network. Select one private IP address in
the list to be the DMZ host.
When you have selected one private IP from the above dialog, the IP
address will be shown on the following screen. Click OK to save the
setting.
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3.3.3 Open Ports
Open Ports allows you to open a range of ports for the traffic of special applications.
Common application of Open Ports includes P2P application (e.g., BT, KaZaA, Gnutella,
WinMX, eMule and others), Internet Camera etc. Ensure that you keep the application
involved up-to-date to avoid falling victim to any security exploits.
Click Open Ports to open the following page:
Index
Indicate the relative number for the particular entry that you want to
offer service in a local host. You should click the appropriate index
number to edit or clear the corresponding entry.
Comment
Specify the name for the defined network service.
WAN Interface
Display the WAN interface for the entry.
Local IP Address
Display the private IP address of the local host offering the service.
Status
Display the state for the corresponding entry. X or V is to represent
the Inactive or Active state.
To add or edit port settings, click one index number on the page. The index entry setup page
will pop up. In each index entry, you can specify 10 port ranges for diverse services.
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Enable Open Ports
Check to enable this entry.
Comment
Make a name for the defined network application/service.
WAN Interface
Specify the WAN interface that will be used for this entry.
Local Computer
Enter the private IP address of the local host or click Choose PC to
select one.
Choose PC
Click this button and, subsequently, a window having a list of
private IP addresses of local hosts will automatically pop up. Select
the appropriate IP address of the local host in the list.
Protocol
Specify the transport layer protocol. It could be TCP, UDP, or ----(none) for selection.
Start Port
Specify the starting port number of the service offered by the local
host.
End Port
Specify the ending port number of the service offered by the local
host.
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3.3.4 Address Mapping
This page is used to map specific private IP to specific WAN IP alias.
If you have "a group of IP Addresses" and want to apply to the router, please use WAN IP
alias function to record these IPs first. Then, use address mapping function to map specific
private IP to specific WAN IP alias.
For example, you have IP addresses ranging from 86.123.123.1 ~ 86.123.123.8. However,
your router uses 86.123.123.1, and the rest of the IPs are recorded in WAN IP alias. You want
that private IP 192.168.1.10 can use 86.123.123.2 as source IP when it sends packet out to
Internet. You can use address mapping function to achieve this demand. Simply type
192.168.1.10 as the Private IP; and type 86.123.123.2 as the WAN IP.
Protocol
Display the protocol used for this address mapping.
Public IP
Display the public IP address selected for this entry, e.g.,
86.123.123.2.
Private IP
Display the private IP set for this address mapping, e.g.,
192.168.1.10
Mask
Display the subnet mask selected fro this address mapping.
Status
Display the status for the entry, enable or disable.
Click the index number link to open the configuration page.
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Enable
Check to enable this entry.
Protocol
Specify the transport layer protocol. It could be TCP, UDP, or ALL
for selection.
WAN Interface
Specify the WAN interface that will be used for this entry.
WAN IP
Select an IP address (the selections provided here are set in IP Alias
List of Network >>WAN interface). Local host can use this IP to
connect to Internet.
If you want to choose any on of the Public IP settings, you must
specify some IP addresses in the IP Alias List of the Static/DHCP
Configuration page first. If you did not type in any IP address in the
IP Alias List, the Public IP setting will be empty in this field. When
you click Apply, a message will appear to inform you.
Private IP
Assign an IP address (e.g., 192.168.1.10) or a subnet to be compared
with the Public IP address for incoming packets.
Subnet Mask
Select a value of subnet mask for private IP address.
3.3.5 Port Trigger
Port Trigger is a variation of open ports function; the difference is that the port trigger has the
dynamic characteristics. It is more secure comparing to open ports.
In Open Ports setting, once we setup the ports be opened, all traffic can go through these open
ports into LAN device; with Port Trigger function, the ports will be opened only when specific
application triggers the specific ports, and then the needed ports will be opened automatically.
Comment
Display the text which memorizes the application of this rule.
Trigger Protocol
Display the protocol of the trigger packets.
Trigger Port
Display the port of the trigger packets.
Incoming Protocol
Display the protocol for the incoming data of such trigger profile.
Incoming Port
Display the port for the incoming data of such trigger profile.
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Status
Display if the rule is active or de-active.
Click the index number link to open the configuration page.
Enable
Check to enable this entry.
Service
Choose the predefined service to apply for such trigger profile.
Comment
Type the text to memorize the application of this rule.
Trigger Protocol
Select the protocol (TCP, UDP or TCP/UDP) for such trigger
profile.
Trigger Port
Type the port or port range for such trigger profile.
Incoming Protocol
When the trigger packets received, it is expected the incoming
packets will use the selected protocol. Select the protocol (TCP,
UDP or TCP/UDP) for the incoming data of such trigger profile.
Incoming Port
Type the port or port range for the incoming packets.
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3.4 Firewall
3.4.1 Basics for Firewall
While the broadband users demand more bandwidth for multimedia, interactive applications,
or distance learning, security has been always the most concerned. The firewall of the Vigor
router helps to protect your local network against attack from unauthorized outsiders. It also
restricts users in the local network from accessing the Internet. Furthermore, it can filter out
specific packets that trigger the router to build an unwanted outgoing connection.
Firewall Facilities
The users on the LAN are provided with secured protection by the following firewall facilities:
z
User-configurable IP filter (Call Filter/ Data Filter).
z
Stateful Packet Inspection (SPI): tracks packets and denies unsolicited incoming data
z
Selectable Denial of Service (DoS) /Distributed DoS (DDoS) attacks protection
IP Filters
Depending on whether there is an existing Internet connection, or in other words “the WAN
link status is up or down”, the IP filter architecture categorizes traffic into two: Call Filter and
Data Filter.
z
Call Filter - When there is no existing Internet connection, Call Filter is applied to all
traffic, all of which should be outgoing. It will check packets according to the filter rules.
If legal, the packet will pass. Then the router shall “initiate a call” to build the Internet
connection and send the packet to Internet.
z
Data Filter - When there is an existing Internet connection, Data Filter is applied to
incoming and outgoing traffic. It will check packets according to the filter rules. If legal,
the packet will pass the router.
The following illustrations are flow charts explaining how router will treat incoming traffic
and outgoing traffic respectively.
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Stateful Packet Inspection (SPI)
Stateful inspection is a firewall architecture that works at the network layer. Unlike legacy
static packet filtering, which examines a packet based on the information in its header, stateful
inspection builds up a state machine to track each connection traversing all interfaces of the
firewall and makes sure they are valid. The stateful firewall of Vigor router not just examine
the header information also monitor the state of the connection.
Denial of Service (DoS) Defense
The DoS Defense functionality helps you to detect and mitigate the DoS attack. The attacks
are usually categorized into two types, the flooding-type attacks and the vulnerability attacks.
The flooding-type attacks will attempt to exhaust all your system's resource while the
vulnerability attacks will try to paralyze the system by offending the vulnerabilities of the
protocol or operation system.
The DoS Defense function enables the Vigor router to inspect every incoming packet based on
the attack signature database. Any malicious packet that might duplicate itself to paralyze the
host in the secure LAN will be strictly blocked and a Syslog message will be sent as warning, if
you set up Syslog server.
Also the Vigor router monitors the traffic. Any abnormal traffic flow violating the pre-defined
parameter, such as the number of thresholds, is identified as an attack and the Vigor router will
activate its defense mechanism to mitigate in a real-time manner.
The below shows the attack types that DoS/DDoS defense function can detect:
1. SYN flood attack
2. UDP flood attack
3. ICMP flood attack
4. Port Scan attack
5. IP options
6. Land attack
7. Smurf attack
8. Trace route
9. SYN fragment
10. Fraggle attack
11. TCP flag scan
12. Tear drop attack
13. Ping of Death attack
14. ICMP fragment
15. Unknown protocol
Below shows the menu items for Firewall.
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3.4.2 General Setup
General Setup allows you to adjust settings of IP Filter and common options. Here you can
enable or disable the Call Filter or Data Filter. Under some circumstance, your filter set can
be linked to work in a serial manner. So here you assign the Start Filter Set only. Also you
can configure the Log Flag settings, and Accept large incoming fragmented UDP or ICMP
packets.
Click Firewall and click General Setup to open the general setup page.
Call Filter
Check Enable to activate the Call Filter function. Assign a start filter
set for the Call Filter.
Data Filter
Check Enable to activate the Data Filter function. Assign a start filter
set for the Data Filter.
Action/Profile
Select Pass or Block for the packets that do not match with the filter
rules.
IM/P2P Filter
Select one of the IM/P2P Filter Profile settings (created in CSM>>
IM/P2P Filter) for applying with this router. Please set at least one
profile for choosing in CSM>> IM/P2P Filter Profile web page
first. For troubleshooting needs, you can specify to record
information for IM/P2P Filter Profile by checking the Log box. It
will be sent to Syslog server. Please refer to section 3.14.5
Syslog/Mail Alert for more detailed information.
URL Content Filter
Select one of the URL Content Filter Profile settings (created in
CSM>> URL Content Filter Profile) for applying with this router.
Please set at least one profile for choosing in CSM>> URL Content
Filter Profile web page first. For troubleshooting needs, you can
specify to record information for URL Content Filter by checking
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the Log box. It will be sent to Syslog server. Please refer to section
3.14.5 Syslog/Mail Alert for more detailed information.
Web Content Filter
Select one of the Web Content Filter Profile settings (created in
CSM>> Web Content Filter Profile) for applying with this router.
Please set at least one profile for anti-virus in CSM>> Web Content
Filter Profile web page first. For troubleshooting needs, you can
specify to record information for Web Content Filter Profile by
checking the Log box. It will be sent to Syslog server. Please refer to
section 3.14.5 Syslog/Mail Alert for more detailed information.
Syslog
For troubleshooting needs you can specify the filter log and/or CSM
log here by checking the box. The log will be displayed on Draytek
Syslog window.
Advance Setting
Click Edit to open the following window. However, it is
strongly recommended to use the default settings here.
Codepage - This function is used to compare the characters
among different languages. Choose correct codepage can help
the system obtaining correct ASCII after decoding data from
URL and enhance the correctness of URL Content Filter. The
default value for this setting is ANSI 1252 Latin I. If you do not
choose any codepage, no decoding job of URL will be processed.
Please use the drop-down list to choose a codepage.
If you do not have any idea of choosing suitable codepage,
please open Syslog. From Codepage Information of Setup dialog,
you will see the recommended codepage listed on the dialog box.
Window size – It determines the size of TCP protocol
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(0~65535). The more the value is, the better the performance will
be. However, if the network is not stable, small value will be
proper.
Session timeout–Setting timeout for sessions can make the best
utilization of network resources. However, Queue timeout is
configured for TCP protocol only; session timeout is configured
for the data flow which matched with the firewall rule.
Accept large
incoming..
Some on-line games (for example: Half Life) will use lots of
fragmented UDP packets to transfer game data. Instinctively as a
secure firewall, Vigor router will reject these fragmented packets
to prevent attack unless you enable “Accept large incoming
fragmented UDP or ICMP Packets”. By checking this box, you
can play these kinds of on-line games. If security concern is in
higher priority, you cannot enable “Accept large incoming
fragmented UDP or ICMP Packets”.
Enable Strict Security For the sake of security, you might want the router executing
strict security checking for data transmission. Check this box to
Firewall
enable such function.
3.4.3 Filter Setup
Click Firewall and click Filter Setup to open the setup page.
To edit or add a filter, click on the set number to edit the individual set. The following page
will be shown. Each filter set contains up to 7 rules. Click on the rule number button to edit
each rule. Check Active to enable the rule.
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Filter Rule
Click a button numbered (1 ~ 7) to edit the filter rule. Click the button
will open Edit Filter Rule web page. For the detailed information,
refer to the following page.
Active
Enable or disable the filter rule.
Comment
Enter filter set comments/description. Maximum length is
23–character long.
Move Up/Down
Use Up or Down link to move the order of the filter rules.
Next Filter Set
Set the link to the next filter set to be executed after the current filter
run. Do not make a loop with many filter sets.
To edit Filter Rule, click the Filter Rule index button to enter the Filter Rule setup page.
Check to enable the
Filter Rule
Check this box to enable the filter rule.
Comments
Enter filter set comments/description. Maximum length is 14character long.
Index(1-15)
Set PCs on LAN to work at certain time interval only. You may
choose up to 4 schedules out of the 15 schedules pre-defined in
Applications >> Schedule setup. The default setting of this filed is
blank and the function will always work.
Direction
Set the direction of packet flow (LAN->WAN/WAN->LAN). It is for
Data Filter only. For the Call Filter, this setting is not available
since Call Filter is only applied to outgoing traffic.
Source/Destination IP Click Edit to access into the following dialog to choose the
source/destination IP or IP ranges.
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To set the IP address manually, please choose Any Address/Single
Address/Range Address/Subnet Address as the Address Type and
type them in this dialog. In addition, if you want to use the IP range
from defined groups or objects, please choose Group and Objects
as the Address Type.
From the IP Group drop down list, choose the one that you want to
apply. Or use the IP Object drop down list to choose the object that
you want.
Service Type
Click Edit to access into the following dialog to choose a suitable
service type.
To set the service type manually, please choose User defined as the
Service Type and type them in this dialog. In addition, if you want to
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use the service type from defined groups or objects, please choose
Group and Objects as the Service Type.
Protocol - Specify the protocol(s) which this filter rule will apply to.
Source/Destination Port (=) – when the first and last value are the same, it indicates one port;
when the first and last values are different, it indicates a range for the
port and available for this service type.
(!=) – when the first and last value are the same, it indicates all the
ports except the port defined here; when the first and last values
are different, it indicates that all the ports except the range defined
here are available for this service type.
(>) – the port number greater than this value is available.
(<) – the port number less than this value is available for this profile.
Service Group/Object - Use the drop down list to choose the one
that you want.
Fragments
Specify the action for fragmented packets. And it is used for Data
Filter only.
Don’t care -No action will be taken towards fragmented packets.
Unfragmented -Apply the rule to unfragmented packets.
Fragmented - Apply the rule to fragmented packets.
Too Short - Apply the rule only to packets that are too short to contain
a complete header.
Filter
Specifies the action to be taken when packets match the rule.
Block Immediately - Packets matching the rule will be dropped
immediately.
Pass Immediately - Packets matching the rule will be passed
immediately.
Block If No Further Match - A packet matching the rule, and that
does not match further rules, will be dropped.
Pass If No Further Match - A packet matching the rule, and that
does not match further rules, will be passed through.
Branch to other Filter If the packet matches the filter rule, the next filter rule will branch
to the specified filter set. Select next filter rule to branch from the
Set
drop-down menu. Be aware that the router will apply the
specified filter rule for ever and will not return to previous filter
rule any more.
IM/P2P Filter
Select one of the IM/P2P Filter Profile settings (created in CSM>>
IM/P2P Filter) for applying with this router. Please set at least one
profile for choosing in CSM>> IM/P2P Filter Profile web page
first. For troubleshooting needs, you can specify to record
information for IM/P2P Filter Profile by checking the Log box. It
will be sent to Syslog server. Please refer to section 3.14.5
Syslog/Mail Alert for more detailed information.
URL Content Filter
Select one of the URL Content Filter profile settings (created in
CSM>> URL Content Filter) for applying with this router. Please
set at least one profile for choosing in CSM>> URL Content Filter
web page first. For troubleshooting needs, you can specify to record
information for URL Content Filter by checking the Log box. It
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will be sent to Syslog server. Please refer to section 3.14.5
Syslog/Mail Alert for more detailed information.
Web Content Filter
Select one of the Web Content Filter profile settings (created in
CSM>> Web Content Filter) for applying with this router. Please
set at least one profile for anti-virus in CSM>> Web Content Filter
web page first. For troubleshooting needs, you can specify to record
information for Web Content Filter by checking the Log box. It
will be sent to Syslog server. Please refer to section 3.14.5
Syslog/Mail Alert for more detailed information.
SysLog
For troubleshooting needs you can specify the filter log and/or CSM
log here. Check the corresponding box to enable the log function.
Then, the filter log and/or CSM log will be shown on Draytek Syslog
window.
Advance Setting
Click Edit to open the following window. However, it is
strongly recommended to use the default settings here.
Codepage - This function is used to compare the characters
among different languages. Choose correct codepage can help
the system obtaining correct ASCII after decoding data from
URL and enhance the correctness of URL Content Filter. The
default value for this setting is ANSI 1252 Latin I. If you do not
choose any codepage, no decoding job of URL will be processed.
Please use the drop-down list to choose a codepage.
If you do not have any idea of choosing suitable codepage,
please open Syslog. From Codepage Information of Setup dialog,
you will see the recommended codepage listed on the dialog box.
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Window size – It determines the size of TCP protocol
(0~65535). The more the value is, the better the performance will
be. However, if the network is not stable, small value will be
proper.
Session timeout–Setting timeout for sessions can make the best
utilization of network resources. However, Queue timeout is
configured for TCP protocol only; session timeout is configured
for the data flow which matched with the firewall rule.
Example
As stated before, all the traffic will be separated and arbitrated using on of two IP filters: call
filter or data filter. You may preset 12 call filters and data filters in Filter Setup and even link
them in a serial manner. Each filter set is composed by 7 filter rules, which can be further
defined. After that, in General Setup you may specify one set for call filter and one set for
data filter to execute first.
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3.4.4 DoS Defense
As a sub-functionality of IP Filter/Firewall, there are 15 types of detect/ defense function in
the DoS Defense setup. The DoS Defense functionality is disabled for default.
Click Firewall and click DoS Defense to open the setup page.
Enable Dos Defense
Check the box to activate the DoS Defense Functionality.
Enable SYN flood
defense
Check the box to activate the SYN flood defense function. Once
detecting the Threshold of the TCP SYN packets from the Internet
has exceeded the defined value, the Vigor router will start to
randomly discard the subsequent TCP SYN packets for a period
defined in Timeout. The goal for this is prevent the TCP SYN
packets’ attempt to exhaust the limited-resource of Vigor router.
By default, the threshold and timeout values are set to 50 packets
per second and 10 seconds, respectively.
Enable UDP flood
defense
Check the box to activate the UDP flood defense function. Once
detecting the Threshold of the UDP packets from the Internet has
exceeded the defined value, the Vigor router will start to randomly
discard the subsequent UDP packets for a period defined in
Timeout. The default setting for threshold and timeout are 150
packets per second and 10 seconds, respectively.
Enable ICMP flood
defense
Check the box to activate the ICMP flood defense function. Similar
to the UDP flood defense function, once if the Threshold of ICMP
packets from Internet has exceeded the defined value, the router
will discard the ICMP echo requests coming from the Internet. The
default setting for threshold and timeout are 50 packets per second
and 10 seconds, respectively.
Enable PortScan
detection
Port Scan attacks the Vigor router by sending lots of packets to
many ports in an attempt to find ignorant services would respond.
Check the box to activate the Port Scan detection. Whenever
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detecting this malicious exploration behavior by monitoring the
port-scanning Threshold rate, the Vigor router will send out a
warning. By default, the Vigor router sets the threshold as 150
packets per second.
Block IP options
Check the box to activate the Block IP options function. The Vigor
router will ignore any IP packets with IP option field in the datagram
header. The reason for limitation is IP option appears to be a
vulnerability of the security for the LAN because it will carry
significant information, such as security, TCC (closed user group)
parameters, a series of Internet addresses, routing messages...etc. An
eavesdropper outside might learn the details of your private
networks.
Block Land
Check the box to enforce the Vigor router to defense the Land attacks.
The Land attack combines the SYN attack technology with IP
spoofing. A Land attack occurs when an attacker sends spoofed SYN
packets with the identical source and destination addresses, as well as
the port number to victims.
Block Smurf
Check the box to activate the Block Smurf function. The Vigor router
will ignore any broadcasting ICMP echo request.
Block trace router
Check the box to enforce the Vigor router not to forward any trace
route packets.
Block SYN fragment
Check the box to activate the Block SYN fragment function. The
Vigor router will drop any packets having SYN flag and more
fragment bit set.
Block Fraggle Attack
Check the box to activate the Block fraggle Attack function. Any
broadcast UDP packets received from the Internet is blocked.
Activating the DoS/DDoS defense functionality might block some
legal packets. For example, when you activate the fraggle attack
defense, all broadcast UDP packets coming from the Internet are
blocked. Therefore, the RIP packets from the Internet might be
dropped.
Block TCP flag scan
Check the box to activate the Block TCP flag scan function. Any TCP
packet with anomaly flag setting is dropped. Those scanning activities
include no flag scan, FIN without ACK scan, SYN FINscan, Xmas
scan and full Xmas scan.
Block Tear Drop
Check the box to activate the Block Tear Drop function. Many
machines may crash when receiving ICMP datagrams (packets) that
exceed the maximum length. To avoid this type of attack, the Vigor
router is designed to be capable of discarding any fragmented ICMP
packets with a length greater than 1024 octets.
Block Ping of Death
Check the box to activate the Block Ping of Death function. This
attack involves the perpetrator sending overlapping packets to the
target hosts so that those target hosts will hang once they
re-construct the packets. The Vigor routers will block any packets
realizing this attacking activity.
Block ICMP Fragment Check the box to activate the Block ICMP fragment function. Any
ICMP packets with more fragment bit set are dropped.
Block Unknown
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Check the box to activate the Block Unknown Protocol function.
Individual IP packet has a protocol field in the datagram header to
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indicate the protocol type running over the upper layer. However,
the protocol types greater than 100 are reserved and undefined at
this time. Therefore, the router should have ability to detect and
reject this kind of packets.
Warning Messages
We provide Syslog function for user to retrieve message from Vigor
router. The user, as a Syslog Server, shall receive the report sending
from Vigor router which is a Syslog Client.
All the warning messages related to DoS Defense will be sent to user
and user can review it through Syslog daemon. Look for the keyword
DoS in the message, followed by a name to indicate what kind of
attacks is detected.
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3.5 Objects Setting
For IPs in a range and service ports in a limited range usually will be applied in configuring
router’s settings, therefore we can define them with objects and bind them with groups for
using conveniently. Later, we can select that object/group that can apply it. For example, all
the IPs in the same department can be defined with an IP object (a range of IP address).
3.5.1 IP Object
You can set up to 192 sets of IP Objects with different conditions.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Click the number under Index column for settings in detail.
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Name
Type a name for this profile. Maximum 15 characters are
allowed.
Interface
Choose a proper interface (WAN, LAN or Any).
For example, the Direction setting in Edit Filter Rule will ask
you specify IP or IP range for WAN or LAN or any IP address.
If you choose LAN as the Interface here, and choose LAN as
the direction setting in Edit Filter Rule, then all the IP
addresses specified with LAN interface will be opened for you
to choose in Edit Filter Rule page.
Address Type
Determine the address type for the IP address.
Select Single Address if this object contains one IP address
only.
Select Range Address if this object contains several IPs within
a range.
Select Subnet Address if this object contains one subnet for IP
address.
Select Any Address if this object contains any IP address.
Start IP Address
Type the start IP address for Single Address type.
End IP Address
Type the end IP address if the Range Address type is selected.
Subnet Mask
Type the subnet mask if the Subnet Address type is selected.
Invert Selection
If it is checked, all the IP addresses except the ones listed above
will be applied later while it is chosen.
Below is an example of IP objects settings.
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3.5.2 IP Group
This page allows you to bind several IP objects into one IP group.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Click the number under Index column for settings in detail.
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Name
Type a name for this profile. Maximum 15 characters are
allowed.
Interface
Choose WAN, LAN or Any to display all the available IP
objects with the specified interface.
Available IP Objects
All the available IP objects with the specified interface chosen
above will be shown in this box.
Selected IP Objects
Click >> button to add the selected IP objects in this box.
3.5.3 Service Type Object
You can set up to 96 sets of Service Type Objects with different conditions.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Click the number under Index column for settings in detail.
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Name
Type a name for this profile.
Protocol
Specify the protocol(s) which this profile will apply to.
Source/Destination Port
Source Port and the Destination Port column are available for
TCP/UDP protocol. It can be ignored for other protocols. The
filter rule will filter out any port number.
(=) – when the first and last value are the same, it indicates one
port; when the first and last values are different, it indicates a
range for the port and available for this profile.
(!=) – when the first and last value are the same, it indicates all
the ports except the port defined here; when the first and
last values are different, it indicates that all the ports except the
range defined here are available for this service type.
(>) – the port number greater than this value is available.
(<) – the port number less than this value is available for this
profile.
Below is an example of service type objects settings.
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3.5.4 Service Type Group
This page allows you to bind several service types into one group.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Click the number under Index column for settings in detail.
Name
Type a name for this profile.
Available Service Type
Objects
All the available service objects that you have added on
Objects Setting>>Service Type Object will be shown in
this box.
Selected Service Type
Objects
Click >> button to add the selected IP objects in this box.
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3.5.5 Keyword Object
You can set 200 keyword object profiles for choosing as black /white list in CSM >>URL
Web Content Filter Profile.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Click the number under Index column for setting in detail.
Name
Type a name for this profile, e.g., game.
Contents
Type the content for such profile. For example, type gambling
as Contents. When you browse the webpage, the page with
gambling information will be watched out and be
passed/blocked based on the configuration on Firewall settings.
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3.5.6 Keyword Group
This page allows you to bind several keyword objects into one group. The keyword groups set
here will be chosen as black /white list in CSM >>URL Web Content Filter Profile.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Click the number under Index column for setting in detail.
Name
Type a name for this group.
Available Keyword
Objects
You can gather keyword objects from Keyword Object page
within one keyword group. All the available Keyword
objects that you have created will be shown in this box.
Selected Keyword Objects
Click
this box.
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button to add the selected Keyword objects in
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3.5.7 File Extension Object
This page allows you to set eight profiles which will be applied in CSM>>URL Content
Filter. All the files with the extension names specified in these profiles will be processed
according to the chosen action.
Profile 1 with name of “default” is the default profile, some files with the file extensions
specified in this profile will be ignored and not be scanned by Vigor router.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Click the number under Profile column for configuration in details.
Profile Name
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Type a name for this profile.
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Type a name for such profile and check all the items of file extension that will be processed in
the router. Finally, click OK to save this profile.
3.5.8 IM Object
This page allows you to set 32 profiles for Instant Messenger. These profiles will be applied in
CSM>>IM/P2P Filter Profile for filtering.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Click the number under Profile column for configuration in details. There are several types of
Instant Messenger (IM) provided here for you to choose to disallow people using. Simple
check the box (es) and then click OK. Later, in the CSM>>IM/P2P Filter Profile page, you
can use IM Object drop down list to choose the proper profile configured here as the standard
for the host(s) to follow.
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Profile Name
Type a name for this profile.
Type a name for such profile and check all the items that not allowed to be used in the host.
Finally, click OK to save this profile.
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3.5.9 P2P Object
This page allows you to set 32 profiles for peer-to-peer application. These profiles will be
applied in CSM>>IM/P2P Filter Profile for filtering.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Click the number under Profile column for configuration in details. There are several items for
P2P protocols provided here for you to choose to disallow people using. Simple check the box
(es) and then click OK. Later, in the CSM>>IM/P2P Filter Profile page, you can use P2P
Object drop down list to choose the proper profile configured here as the standard for the
host(s) to follow.
Profile Name
Type a name for this profile.
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Type a name for such profile and check all the protocols that not allowed to be used in the host.
Finally, click OK to save this profile.
3.5.10 Protocol Object
This page allows you to set 32 profiles for applications in protocol communication. These
profiles will be applied in CSM>>IM/P2P Filter Profile for filtering.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Click the number under Profile column for configuration in details. Internet protocols are
listed in the page for you to choose to disallow people using. Any computer controlled or
passed through the router will be restricted by this profile if it tries to use the protocol to
communicate with others.
Simple check the box (es) and then click OK. Later, in the CSM>>IM/P2P Filter Profile
page, you can use Protocol Object drop down list to choose the proper profile configured here
as the standard for the host(s) to follow.
Profile Name
Type a name for this profile.
Type a name for such profile and check all the protocols that not allowed to be used in the host.
Finally, click OK to save this profile.
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3.5.11 Misc Object
This page allows you to set 32 profiles for miscellaneous applications. These profiles will be
applied in CSM>>IM/P2P Filter Profile for filtering.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Click the number under Profile column for configuration in details. Applications for tunneling
and streaming are listed in the page for you to choose to disallow people using. Simple check
the box (es) and then click OK. Later, in the CSM>>IM/P2P Filter Profile page, you can use
Misc Object drop down list to choose the proper profile configured here as the standard for
the host(s) to follow.
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Profile Name
Type a name for this profile.
Type a name for such profile and check all the protocols that not allowed to be used in the host.
Finally, click OK to save this profile.
3.6 CSM
CSM is an abbreviation of Content Security Management which is used to control IM/P2P
usage, filter the web content and URL content to reach a goal of security management.
IM/P2P Filter
As the popularity of all kinds of instant messenger application arises, communication cannot
become much easier. Nevertheless, while some industry may leverage this as a great tool to
connect with their customers, some industry may take reserve attitude in order to reduce
employee misusage during office hour or prevent unknown security leak. It is similar situation
for corporation towards peer-to-peer applications since file-sharing can be convenient but
insecure at the same time. To address these needs, we provide CSM functionality.
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URL Content Filter
To provide an appropriate cyberspace to users, Vigor router equips with URL Content Filter
not only to limit illegal traffic from/to the inappropriate web sites but also prohibit other web
feature where malicious code may conceal.
Once a user type in or click on an URL with objectionable keywords, URL keyword blocking
facility will decline the HTTP request to that web page thus can limit user’s access to the
website. You may imagine URL Content Filter as a well-trained convenience-store clerk who
won’t sell adult magazines to teenagers. At office, URL Content Filter can also provide a
job-related only environment hence to increase the employee work efficiency. How can URL
Content Filter work better than traditional firewall in the field of filtering? Because it checks
the URL strings or some of HTTP data hiding in the payload of TCP packets while legacy
firewall inspects packets based on the fields of TCP/IP headers only.
On the other hand, Vigor router can prevent user from accidentally downloading malicious
codes from web pages. It’s very common that malicious codes conceal in the executable objects,
such as ActiveX, Java Applet, compressed files, and other executable files. Once downloading
these types of files from websites, you may risk bringing threat to your system. For example, an
ActiveX control object is usually used for providing interactive web feature. If malicious code
hides inside, it may occupy user’s system.
Web Content Filter
We all know that the content on the Internet just like other types of media may be
inappropriate sometimes. As a responsible parent or employer, you should protect those in your
trust against the hazards. With Web filtering service of the Vigor router, you can protect your
business from common primary threats, such as productivity, legal liability, network and
security threats. For parents, you can protect your children from viewing adult websites or chat
rooms.
Once you have activated your Web Filtering service in Vigor router and chosen the categories of
website you wish to restrict, each URL address requested (e.g.www.bbc.co.uk) will be checked
against our server database. This database is updated as frequent as daily by a global team of
Internet researchers. The server will look up the URL and return a category to your router. Your
Vigor router will then decide whether to allow access to this site according to the categories you
have selected. Please note that this action will not introduce any delay in your Web surfing
because each of multiple load balanced database servers can handle millions of requests for
categorization.
Note: The priority of URL Content Filter is higher than Web Content Filter.
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3.6.1 IM/P2P Filter Profile
You can define policy profiles for different policy of IM (Instant Messenger)/P2P (Peer to
Peer) application. Such profile will be used in Firewall>>General Setup and
Firewall>>Filter Setup pages.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Click the number under Index column for settings in detail.
Profile Name
Type a name for the CSM profile.
Each profile can contain three objects settings, IM Object, P2P Object, Protocol Object and
Misc Object. Such profile can be applied in the Firewall>>General Setup and
Firewall>>Filter Setup pages as the standard for the host(s) to follow.
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3.6.2 URL Content Filter Profile
To provide an appropriate cyberspace to users, Vigor router equips with URL Content Filter
not only to limit illegal traffic from/to the inappropriate web sites but also prohibit other web
feature where malicious code may conceal.
Once a user type in or click on an URL with objectionable keywords, URL keyword blocking
facility will decline the HTTP request to that web page thus can limit user’s access to the
website. You may imagine URL Content Filter as a well-trained convenience-store clerk who
won’t sell adult magazines to teenagers. At office, URL Content Filter can also provide a
job-related only environment hence to increase the employee work efficiency. How can URL
Content Filter work better than traditional firewall in the field of filtering? Because it checks
the URL strings or some of HTTP data hiding in the payload of TCP packets while legacy
firewall inspects packets based on the fields of TCP/IP headers only.
On the other hand, Vigor router can prevent user from accidentally downloading malicious
codes from web pages. It’s very common that malicious codes conceal in the executable objects,
such as ActiveX, Java Applet, compressed files, and other executable files. Once downloading
these types of files from websites, you may risk bringing threat to your system. For example, an
ActiveX control object is usually used for providing interactive web feature. If malicious code
hides inside, it may occupy user’s system.
For example, if you add key words such as “sex”, Vigor router will limit web access to web
sites or web pages such as “www.sex.com”, ”www.backdoor.net/images/sex/p_386.html”. Or
you may simply specify the full or partial URL such as “www.sex.com” or “sex.com”.
Also the Vigor router will discard any request that tries to retrieve the malicious code.
Click CSM and click URL Content Filter Profile to open the profile setting page.
You can set eight profiles as URL content filter. Simply click the index number under Profile
to open the following web page.
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Profile Name
Type the name for such profile.
Priority
It determines the action that this router will apply.
Both: Pass – The router will let all the packages that match with the
conditions specified in URL Access Control and Web Feature below
passing through. When you choose this setting, both configuration
set in this page for URL Access Control and Web Feature will be
inactive.
Both: Block –The router will block all the packages that match with
the conditions specified in URL Access Control and Web Feature
below. When you choose this setting, both configuration set in this
page for URL Access Control and Web Feature will be inactive.
Either: URL Access Control First – When all the packages
matching with the conditions specified in URL Access Control and
Web Feature below, such function can determine the priority for the
actions executed. For this one, the router will process the packages
with the conditions set below for URL first, then Web feature second.
Either: Web Feature First –When all the packages matching with
the conditions specified in URL Access Control and Web Feature
below, such function can determine the priority for the actions
executed. For this one, the router will process the packages with the
conditions set below for web feature first, then URL second.
Log
None – There is no log file will be recorded for this profile.
Pass – Only the log about Pass will be recorded in Syslog.
Block – Only the log about Block will be recorded in Syslog.
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All – All the actions (Pass and Block) will be recorded in Syslog.
URL Access Control
Enable URL Access Control - Check the box to activate URL
Access Control. Note that the priority for URL Access Control is
higher than Restrict Web Feature. If the web content match the
setting set in URL Access Control, the router will execute the action
specified in this field and ignore the action specified under Restrict
Web Feature.
Prevent web access from IP address - Check the box to deny any
web surfing activity using IP address, such as http://202.6.3.2. The
reason for this is to prevent someone dodges the URL Access
Control. You must clear your browser cache first so that the URL
content filtering facility operates properly on a web page that you
visited before.
Action – This setting is available only when Either : URL Access
Control First or Either : Web Feature First is selected. Pass Allow accessing into the corresponding webpage with the keywords
listed on the box below.
Block - Restrict accessing into the corresponding webpage with the
keywords listed on the box below.
If the web pages do not match with the keyword set here, it will be
processed with reverse action.
Group/Object Selections – The Vigor router provides several
frames for users to define keywords and each frame supports
multiple keywords. The keyword could be a noun, a partial noun, or
a complete URL string. Multiple keywords within a frame are
separated by space, comma, or semicolon. In addition, the maximal
length of each frame is 32-character long. After specifying keywords,
the Vigor router will decline the connection request to the website
whose URL string matched to any user-defined keyword. It should
be noticed that the more simplified the blocking keyword list, the
more efficiently the Vigor router perform.
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Web Feature
Enable Restrict Web Feature - Check this box to make the
keyword being blocked or passed.
Action - This setting is available only when Either : URL Access
Control First or Either : Web Feature Firs is selected. Pass
allows accessing into the corresponding webpage with the keywords
listed on the box below.
Pass - Allow accessing into the corresponding webpage with the
keywords listed on the box below.
Block - Restrict accessing into the corresponding webpage with the
keywords listed on the box below.
If the web pages do not match with the specified feature set here, it
will be processed with reverse action.
Cookie - Check the box to filter out the cookie transmission from
inside to outside world to protect the local user's privacy.
Proxy - Check the box to reject any proxy transmission. To control
efficiently the limited-bandwidth usage, it will be of great value to
provide the blocking mechanism that filters out the multimedia files
downloading from web pages.
File Extension Profile – Choose one of the profiles that you
configured in Object Setting>> File Extension Objects previously
for passing or blocking the file downloading.
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3.6.3 Web Content Filter Profile
There are three ways to activate WCF on vigor router, using Service Activation Wizard, by
means of CSM>>Web Content Filter Profile or via System Maintenance>>Activation.
Service Activation Wizard allows you to use trial version or update the license of WCF
directly without accessing into the server (MyVigor) located on http://myvigor.draytek.com.
However, if you use the Web Content Filter Profile page to activate WCF feature, it is
necessary for you to access into the server (MyVigor) located on http://myvigor.draytek.com.
Therefore, you need to register an account on http://myvigor.draytek.com for using
corresponding service. Please refer to section 4.9 for more information of creating MyVigor
account.
Note: If you have used Service Activation Wizard to activate WCF service, you can skip
this section.
WCF adopts the mechanism developed and offered by certain service provider (e.g., DrayTek).
No matter activating WCF feature or getting a new license for web content filter, you have to
click Activate to satisfy your request. Be aware that service provider matching with
VigorIPPBX2820 currently offers a period of time for trial version for users to experiment. If
you want to purchase a formal edition, simply contact with the channel partner or your dealer.
Click CSM and click Web Content Filter Profile to open the profile setting page. The default
setting for Setup Query Server /Setup Test Server is auto-selected. You can choose another
server for your necessity by clicking Find more to open http://myvigor.draytek.com for
searching another qualified and suitable one. Next, click the link of Test a site to verify
whether it is categorized to do the verification.
Activate
Click it to access into MyVigor for activating WCF service.
Setup Query Server
It is recommended for you to use the default setting,
auto-selected. You need to specify a server for categorize
searching when you type URL in browser based on the web
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content filter profile.
Setup Test Server
It is recommended for you to use the default setting,
auto-selected.
Find more
Click it to open http://myvigor.draytek.com for searching
another qualified and suitable server.
Set to Factory Default
Click this link to retrieve the factory settings.
Cache
None – the router will check the URL that the user wants to
access via WCF precisely, however, the processing rate is
normal. Such item can provide the most accurate URL
matching.
L1 – the router will check the URL that the user wants to access
via WCF. If the URL has been accessed previously, it will be
stored for a short time (about 1 second) in the router to be
accessed quickly if required. Such item can provide accurate
URL matching with faster rate.
L2 – the router will check the URL that the user wants to access
via WCF. If the data has been accessed previously, the IP
addresses of source and destination IDs will be memorized for a
short time (about 1 second) in the router. When the user tries to
access the same destination ID, the router will check it by
comparing the record stored. If it matches, the page will be
retrieved quickly. Such item can provide URL matching with
the fastest rate.
L1+L2 Cache – the router will check the URL with fast
processing rate combining the feature of L1 and L2.
Eight profiles are provided here as Web content filters. Simply click the index number under
Profile to open the following web page. The items listed in Categories will be changed
according to the different service providers. If you have and activate another web content filter
license, the items will be changed simultaneously. All of the configuration made for web
content filter will be deleted automatically. Therefore, please backup your data before you
change the web content filter license.
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Profile Name
Type a name for such profile.
Log
None – There is no log file will be recorded for this profile.
Pass – Only the log about Pass will be recorded in Syslog.
Block – Only the log about Block will be recorded in Syslog.
All – All the actions (Pass and Block) will be recorded in Syslog.
White/Black List
Enable – Activate white/black list function for such profile.
Group/Object Selections – Click Edit to choose the group or object
profile as the content of white/black list.
Pass - allow accessing into the corresponding webpage with the
characters listed on Group/Object Selections. If the web pages do
not match with the specified feature set here, they will be processed
with the categories listed on the box below.
Block - restrict accessing into the corresponding webpage with the
characters listed on Group/Object Selections.
If the web pages do not match with the specified feature set here,
they will be processed with the categories listed on the box below.
Action
Pass - Allow accessing into the corresponding webpage with the
categories listed on the box below.
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Block - Restrict accessing into the corresponding webpage with the
categories listed on the box below.
If the web pages do not match with the specified feature set here, it
will be processed with reverse action.
For this section, please refer to Web Content Filter user’s guide for more information.
3.7 Bandwidth Management
Below shows the menu items for Bandwidth Management.
3.7.1 Sessions Limit
A PC with private IP address can access to the Internet via NAT router. The router will
generate the records of NAT sessions for such connection. The P2P (Peer to Peer) applications
(e.g., BitTorrent) always need many sessions for procession and also they will occupy over
resources which might result in important accesses impacted. To solve the problem, you can
use limit session to limit the session procession for specified Hosts.
In the Bandwidth Management menu, click Sessions Limit to open the web page.
To activate the function of limit session, simply click Enable and set the default session limit.
Enable
Click this button to activate the function of limit session.
Disable
Click this button to close the function of limit session.
Default session limit
Defines the default session number used for each computer in
LAN.
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Limitation List
Displays a list of specific limitations that you set on this web
page.
Start IP
Defines the start IP address for limit session.
End IP
Defines the end IP address for limit session.
Maximum Sessions
Defines the available session number for each host in the
specific range of IP addresses. If you do not set the session
number in this field, the system will use the default session limit
for the specific limitation you set for each index.
Add
Adds the specific session limitation onto the list above.
Edit
Allows you to edit the settings for the selected limitation.
Remove
Remove the selected settings existing on the limitation list.
Index (1-15) in Schedule
Setup
You can type in four sets of time schedule for your request.
All the schedules can be set previously in Application –
Schedule web page and you can use the number that you have
set in that web page.
3.7.2 Bandwidth Limit
The downstream or upstream from FTP, HTTP or some P2P applications will occupy large of
bandwidth and affect the applications for other programs. Please use Limit Bandwidth to make
the bandwidth usage more efficient.
In the Bandwidth Management menu, click Bandwidth Limit to open the web page.
To activate the function of limit bandwidth, simply click Enable and set the default upstream
and downstream limit.
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Enable
Click this button to activate the function of limit bandwidth.
Apply to 2nd Subnet – Check this box to apply the bandwidth
limit to the second subnet specified in LAN>>General Setup.
Disable
Click this button to close the function of limit bandwidth.
Default TX limit
Define the default speed of the upstream for each computer in
LAN.
Default RX limit
Define the default speed of the downstream for each computer
in LAN.
Allow auto adjustment to
make the best utilization
of available bandwidth
Router will detect if there is enough bandwidth remained for
using according to the bandwidth limit set by the user. If yes,
the router will adjust the available bandwidth for users to
enhance the total utilization.
Limitation List
Display a list of specific limitations that you set on this web
page.
Start IP
Bandwidth limit can be applied on certain IP range. That’s, only
the PCs within the range will be influenced by the bandwidth
limitation set here. Please define the start IP address for the
specific limitation.
End IP
Define the end IP address for the specific limitation.
Each /Shared
Select Each to make each IP within the range of Start IP and
End IP having the same speed defined in TX limit and RX limit
fields; select Shared to make all the IPs within the range of
Start IP and End IP share the speed defined in TX limit and RX
limit fields.
TX limit
Define the limitation for the speed of the upstream to be applied
as specific limitation. If you do not set the limit in this field, the
system will use the default speed for the specific limitation you
set for each index.
RX limit
Define the limitation for the speed of the downstream to be
applied as specific limitation.. If you do not set the limit in this
field, the system will use the default speed for the specific
limitation you set for each index.
Add
Add the specific speed limitation onto the list above.
Edit
Allows you to edit the settings for the selected limitation.
Delete
Remove the selected settings existing on the limitation list.
Index (1-15) in Schedule
Setup
You can type in four sets of time schedule for your request.
All the schedules can be set previously in Application –
Schedule web page and you can use the number that you have
set in that web page.
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3.7.3 Quality of Service
Deploying QoS (Quality of Service) management to guarantee that all applications receive the
service levels required and sufficient bandwidth to meet performance expectations is indeed
one important aspect of modern enterprise network.
One reason for QoS is that numerous TCP-based applications tend to continually increase their
transmission rate and consume all available bandwidth, which is called TCP slow start. If
other applications are not protected by QoS, it will detract much from their performance in the
overcrowded network. This is especially essential to those are low tolerant of loss, delay or
jitter (delay variation).
Another reason is due to congestions at network intersections where speeds of interconnected
circuits mismatch or traffic aggregates, packets will queue up and traffic can be throttled back
to a lower speed. If there’s no defined priority to specify which packets should be discarded
(or in another term “dropped”) from an overflowing queue, packets of sensitive applications
mentioned above might be the ones to drop off. How this will affect application performance?
There are two components within Primary configuration of QoS deployment:
z
Classification: Identifying low-latency or crucial applications and marking them for
high-priority service level enforcement throughout the network.
z
Scheduling: Based on classification of service level to assign packets to queues and
associated service types
The basic QoS implementation in Vigor routers is to classify and schedule packets based on
the service type information in the IP header. For instance, to ensure the connection with the
headquarter, a teleworker may enforce an index of QoS Control to reserve bandwidth for
HTTPS connection while using lots of application at the same time.
One more larger-scale implementation of QoS network is to apply DSCP (Differentiated
Service Code Point) and IP Precedence disciplines at Layer 3. Compared with legacy IP
Precedence that uses Type of Service (ToS) field in the IP header to define 8 service classes,
DSCP is a successor creating 64 classes possible with backward IP Precedence compatibility.
In a QoS-enabled network, or Differentiated Service (DiffServ or DS) framework, a DS
domain owner should sign a Service License Agreement (SLA) with other DS domain owners
to define the service level provided toward traffic from different domains. Then each DS node
in these domains will perform the priority treatment. This is called per-hop-behavior (PHB).
The definition of PHB includes Expedited Forwarding (EF), Assured Forwarding (AF), and
Best Effort (BE). AF defines the four classes of delivery (or forwarding) classes and three
levels of drop precedence in each class.
Vigor routers as edge routers of DS domain shall check the marked DSCP value in the IP
header of bypassing traffic, thus to allocate certain amount of resource execute appropriate
policing, classification or scheduling. The core routers in the backbone will do the same
checking before executing treatments in order to ensure service-level consistency throughout
the whole QoS-enabled network.
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However, each node may take different attitude toward packets with high priority marking
since it may bind with the business deal of SLA among different DS domain owners. It’s not
easy to achieve deterministic and consistent high-priority QoS traffic throughout the whole
network with merely Vigor router’s effort.
In the Bandwidth Management menu, click Quality of Service to open the web page.
This page displays the QoS settings result of the WAN interface. Click the Setup link to
access into next page for the general setup of WAN (1/2) interface. As to class rule, simply
click the Edit link to access into next for configuration.
You can configure general setup for the WAN interface, edit the Class Rule, and edit the
Service Type for the Class Rule for your request.
General Setup for WAN Interface
When you click Setup, you can configure the bandwidth ratio for QoS of the WAN interface.
There are four queues allowed for QoS control. The first three (Class 1 to Class 3) class rules
can be adjusted for your necessity. Yet, the last one is reserved for the packets which are not
suitable for the user-defined class rules.
Enable the QoS Control
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The factory default for this setting is checked.
Please also define which traffic the QoS Control settings will
apply to.
IN- apply to incoming traffic only.
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OUT-apply to outgoing traffic only.
BOTH- apply to both incoming and outgoing traffic.
Check this box and click OK, then click Setup link again. You
will see the Online Statistics link appearing on this page.
WAN Inbound Bandwidth It allows you to set the connecting rate of data input for WAN.
For example, if your ADSL supports 1M of downstream and
256K upstream, please set 10000kbps for this box. The default
value is 10000kbps.
WAN Outbound Bandwidth It allows you to set the connecting rate of data output for WAN.
For example, if your ADSL supports 1M of downstream and
256K upstream, please set 256kbps for this box. The default
value is 10000kbps.
Reserved Bandwidth Ratio It is reserved for the group index in the form of ratio of
reserved bandwidth to upstream speed and reserved
bandwidth to downstream speed.
Enable UDP Bandwidth
Control
Check this and set the limited bandwidth ratio on the right
field. This is a protection of TCP application traffic since
UDP application traffic such as streaming video will exhaust
lots of bandwidth.
Outbound TCP ACK
Prioritize
The difference in bandwidth between download and upload
are great in ADSL2+ environment. For the download speed
might be impacted by the uploading TCP ACK, you can
check this box to push ACK of upload faster to speed the
network traffic.
Limited_bandwidth Ratio
The ratio typed here is reserved for limited bandwidth of UDP
application.
Online Statistics
Display an online statistics for quality of service for your
reference. This link will be seen only if you click OK in
WAN1/WAN2 General Setup web page and click Setup again
(for WAN1/WAN2) on the Bandwidth
Management>>Quality of Service.
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Edit the Class Rule for QoS
The first three (Class 1 to Class 3) class rules can be adjusted for your necessity. To add, edit
or delete the class rule, please click the Edit link of that one.
After you click the Edit link, you will see the following page. Now you can define the name
for that Class. In this case, “Test” is used as the name of Class Index #1.
For adding a new rule, click Add to open the following page.
ACT
Check this box to invoke these settings.
Local Address
Click the Edit button to set the local IP address (on LAN) for
the rule.
Remote Address
Click the Edit button to set the remote IP address (on
LAN/WAN) for the rule.
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Edit
It allows you to edit source address information.
Address Type – Determine the address type for the source
address.
For Single Address, you have to fill in Start IP address.
For Range Address, you have to fill in Start IP address and
End IP address.
For Subnet Address, you have to fill in Start IP address and
Subnet Mask.
DiffServ CodePoint
All the packets of data will be divided with different levels and
will be processed according to the level type by the system.
Please assign one of the levels of the data for processing with
QoS control.
Service Type
It determines the service type of the data for processing with
QoS control. It can also be edited. You can choose the
predefined service type from the Service Type drop down list.
Those types are predefined in factory. Simply choose the one
that you want for using by current QoS.
By the way, you can set up to 20 rules for one Class. If you want to edit an existed rule, please
select the radio button of that one and click Edit to open the rule edit page for modification.
Edit the Service Type for Class Rule
To add a new service type, edit or delete an existed service type, please click the Edit link
under Service Type field.
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After you click the Edit link, you will see the following page.
For adding a new service type, click Add to open the following page.
Service Name
Type in a new service for your request.
Service Type
Choose the type (TCP, UDP or TCP/UDP) for the new service.
Port Configuration
Click Single or Range as the Type. If you select Range, you
have to type in the starting port number and the end porting
number on the boxes below.
Port Number – Type in the starting port number and the end
porting number here if you choose Range as the type.
By the way, you can set up to 40 service types. If you want to edit/delete an existed service
type, please select the radio button of that one and click Edit/Edit for modification.
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3.8 Applications
Below shows the menu items for Applications.
3.8.1 Dynamic DNS
The ISP often provides you with a dynamic IP address when you connect to the Internet via
your ISP. It means that the public IP address assigned to your router changes each time you
access the Internet. The Dynamic DNS feature lets you assign a domain name to a dynamic
WAN IP address. It allows the router to update its online WAN IP address mappings on the
specified Dynamic DNS server. Once the router is online, you will be able to use the
registered domain name to access the router or internal virtual servers from the Internet. It is
particularly helpful if you host a web server, FTP server, or other server behind the router.
Before you use the Dynamic DNS feature, you have to apply for free DDNS service to the
DDNS service providers. The router provides up to three accounts from three different DDNS
service providers. Basically, Vigor routers are compatible with the DDNS services supplied by
most popular DDNS service providers such as www.dyndns.org, www.no-ip.com,
www.dtdns.com, www.changeip.com, www.dynamic- nameserver.com. You should visit
their websites to register your own domain name for the router.
Enable the Function and Add a Dynamic DNS Account
1.
Assume you have a registered domain name from the DDNS provider, say
hostname.dyndns.org, and an account with username: test and password: test.
2.
In the DDNS setup menu, check Enable Dynamic DNS Setup.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles and recover to factory settings.
Enable Dynamic DNS Setup Check this box to enable DDNS function.
Auto-Update interval
Set the time for the router to perform auto update for
DDNS service.
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3.
4.
Index
Click the number below Index to access into the setting
page of DDNS setup to set account(s).
WAN Interface
Display current WAN interface used for accessing
Internet.
Domain Name
Display the domain name that you set on the setting page
of DDNS setup.
Active
Display if this account is active or inactive.
View Log
Display DDNS log status.
Force Update
Force the router updates its information to DDNS server.
Select Index number 1 to add an account for the router. Check Enable Dynamic DNS
Account, and choose correct Service Provider: dyndns.org, type the registered hostname:
hostname and domain name suffix: dyndns.org in the Domain Name block. The
following two blocks should be typed your account Login Name: test and Password: test.
Enable Dynamic
DNS Account
Check this box to enable the current account. If you did
check the box, you will see a check mark appeared on the
Active column of the previous web page in step 2).
WAN Interface
Select the WAN interface order to apply settings here.
Service Provider
Select the service provider for the DDNS account.
Service Type
Select a service type (Dynamic, Custom or Static). If you
choose Custom, you can modify the domain that is chosen in
the Domain Name field.
Domain Name
Type in one domain name that you applied previously. Use the
drop down list to choose the desired domain.
Login Name
Type in the login name that you set for applying domain.
Password
Type in the password that you set for applying domain.
Click OK button to activate the settings. You will see your setting has been saved.
The Wildcard and Backup MX features are not supported for all Dynamic DNS providers. You
could get more detailed information from their websites.
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Disable the Function and Clear all Dynamic DNS Accounts
In the DDNS setup menu, uncheck Enable Dynamic DNS Setup, and push Clear All button
to disable the function and clear all accounts from the router.
Delete a Dynamic DNS Account
In the DDNS setup menu, click the Index number you want to delete and then push Clear All
button to delete the account.
3.8.2 Schedule
The Vigor router has a built-in real time clock which can update itself manually or
automatically by means of Network Time Protocols (NTP). As a result, you can not only
schedule the router to dialup to the Internet at a specified time, but also restrict Internet access
to certain hours so that users can connect to the Internet only during certain hours, say,
business hours. The schedule is also applicable to other functions.
You have to set your time before set schedule. In System Maintenance>> Time and Date
menu, press Inquire Time button to set the Vigor router’s clock to current time of your PC.
The clock will reset once if you power down or reset the router. There is another way to set up
time. You can inquiry an NTP server (a time server) on the Internet to synchronize the router’s
clock. This method can only be applied when the WAN connection has been built up.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles and recover to factory settings.
Index
Click the number below Index to access into the setting page of
schedule.
Status
Display if this schedule setting is active or inactive.
You can set up to 15 schedules. Then you can apply them to your Internet Access or VPN
and Remote Access >> LAN-to-LAN settings.
To add a schedule, please click any index, say Index No. 1. The detailed settings of the call
schedule with index 1 are shown below.
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Enable Schedule Setup
Check to enable the schedule.
Start Date (yyyy-mm-dd)
Specify the starting date of the schedule.
Start Time (hh:mm)
Specify the starting time of the schedule.
Duration Time (hh:mm)
Specify the duration (or period) for the schedule.
Action
Specify which action Call Schedule should apply during the
period of the schedule.
Force On -Force the connection to be always on.
Force Down -Force the connection to be always down.
Enable Dial-On-Demand -Specify the connection to be
dial-on-demand and the value of idle timeout should be
specified in Idle Timeout field.
Disable Dial-On-Demand -Specify the connection to be up
when it has traffic on the line. Once there is no traffic over idle
timeout, the connection will be down and never up again during
the schedule.
Idle Timeout
Specify the duration (or period) for the schedule.
How often -Specify how often the schedule will be applied
Once -The schedule will be applied just once
Weekdays -Specify which days in one week should perform the
schedule.
Example
Suppose you want to control the PPPoE Internet access connection to be always on (Force On)
from 9:00 to 18:00 for whole week. Other time the Internet access connection should be
disconnected (Force Down).
Office
Hour:
(Force On)
Mon - Sun
1.
9:00 am
to
6:00 pm
Make sure the PPPoE connection and Time Setup is working properly.
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2.
Configure the PPPoE always on from 9:00 to 18:00 for whole week.
3.
Configure the Force Down from 18:00 to next day 9:00 for whole week.
4.
Assign these two profiles to the PPPoE Internet access profile. Now, the PPPoE Internet
connection will follow the schedule order to perform Force On or Force Down action
according to the time plan that has been pre-defined in the schedule profiles.
3.8.3 RADIUS
Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service (RADIUS) is a security authentication
client/server protocol that supports authentication, authorization and accounting, which is
widely used by Internet service providers. It is the most common method of authenticating and
authorizing dial-up and tunneled network users.
The built-in RADIUS client feature enables the router to assist the remote dial-in user or a
wireless station and the RADIUS server in performing mutual authentication. It enables
centralized remote access authentication for network management.
Enable
Check to enable RADIUS client feature
Server IP Address
Enter the IP address of RADIUS server
Destination Port
The UDP port number that the RADIUS server is using. The
default value is 1812, based on RFC 2138.
Shared Secret
The RADIUS server and client share a secret that is used to
authenticate the messages sent between them. Both sides must
be configured to use the same shared secret.
Confirm Shared Secret
Re-type the Shared Secret for confirmation.
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3.8.4 UPnP
The UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) protocol is supported to bring to network connected
devices the ease of installation and configuration which is already available for directly
connected PC peripherals with the existing Windows 'Plug and Play' system. For NAT routers,
the major feature of UPnP on the router is “NAT Traversal”. This enables applications inside
the firewall to automatically open the ports that they need to pass through a router. It is more
reliable than requiring a router to work out by itself which ports need to be opened. Further,
the user does not have to manually set up port mappings or a DMZ. UPnP is available on
Windows XP and the router provide the associated support for MSN Messenger to allow full
use of the voice, video and messaging features.
Enable UPNP Service
Accordingly, you can enable either the Connection Control
Service or Connection Status Service.
After setting Enable UPNP Service setting, an icon of IP Broadband Connection on Router
on Windows XP/Network Connections will appear. The connection status and control status
will be able to be activated. The NAT Traversal of UPnP enables the multimedia features of
your applications to operate. This has to manually set up port mappings or use other similar
methods. The screenshots below show examples of this facility.
The UPnP facility on the router enables UPnP aware applications such as MSN Messenger to
discover what are behind a NAT router. The application will also learn the external IP address
and configure port mappings on the router. Subsequently, such a facility forwards packets from
the external ports of the router to the internal ports used by the application.
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The reminder as regards concern about Firewall and UPnP
Can't work with Firewall Software
Enabling firewall applications on your PC may cause the UPnP function not working
properly. This is because these applications will block the accessing ability of some network
ports.
Security Considerations
Activating the UPnP function on your network may incur some security threats. You should
consider carefully these risks before activating the UPnP function.
¾ Some Microsoft operating systems have found out the UPnP weaknesses and hence
you need to ensure that you have applied the latest service packs and patches.
¾ Non-privileged users can control some router functions, including removing and
adding port mappings.
The UPnP function dynamically adds port mappings on behalf of some UPnP-aware
applications. When the applications terminate abnormally, these mappings may not be
removed.
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3.8.5 IGMP
IGMP is the abbreviation of Internet Group Management Protocol. It is a communication
protocol which is mainly used for managing the membership of Internet Protocol multicast
groups. For invoking IGMP Snooping function, you have to check the Enable IGMP Proxy
box first for activating the IGMP proxy function.
Enable IGMP Proxy
Check this box to enable this function. The application of
multicast will be executed through WAN1/2 port or PVC. Use
the drop down list to choose the interface.
Enable IGMP Snooping
Check this box to enable this function. The application of
multicast will be executed for the clients in LAN.
Group ID
This field displays the ID port for the multicast group. The
available range for IGMP starts from 224.0.0.0 to
239.255.255.254.
P1 to P4
It indicates the LAN port used for the multicast group.
Refresh
Click this link to renew the working multicast group status.
If you check Enable IGMP Proxy, you will get the following page. All the multicast groups
will be listed and all the LAN ports (P1 to P4) are available for use.
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3.8.6 Wake on LAN
A PC client on LAN can be woken up by the router it connects. When a user wants to wake up
a specified PC through the router, he/she must type correct MAC address of the specified PC
on this web page of Wake on LAN of this router.
In addition, such PC must have installed a network card supporting WOL function. By the
way, WOL function must be set as “Enable” on the BIOS setting.
Wake by
Two types provide for you to wake up the binded IP. If you
choose Wake by MAC Address, you have to type the correct
MAC address of the host in MAC Address boxes. If you choose
Wake by IP Address, you have to choose the correct IP address.
IP Address
The IP addresses that have been configured in Firewall>>Bind
IP to MAC will be shown in this drop down list. Choose the IP
address from the drop down list that you want to wake up.
MAC Address
Type any one of the MAC address of the binded PCs.
Wake Up
Click this button to wake up the selected IP. See the following
figure. The result will be shown on the box.
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3.9 VPN and Remote Access
A Virtual Private Network (VPN) is the extension of a private network that encompasses links
across shared or public networks like the Internet. In short, by VPN technology, you can send
data between two computers across a shared or public network in a manner that emulates the
properties of a point-to-point private link.
Below shows the menu items for VPN and Remote Access.
Note: This feature can be applied for ISDN remote dial-in or ISDN LAN-to-LAN
connection in n series models.
3.9.1 Remote Access Control
Enable the necessary VPN service as you need. If you intend to run a VPN server inside your
LAN, you should disable the VPN service of Vigor Router to allow VPN tunnel pass through,
as well as the appropriate NAT settings, such as DMZ or open port.
The Vigor router will not accept the ISDN dial-in connection if the box of Enable ISDN
Dial-in is not checked.
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3.9.2 PPP General Setup
This submenu only applies to PPP-related VPN connections, such as PPTP, L2TP, L2TP over
IPSec.
Select this option to force the router to authenticate dial-in
Dial-In PPP
Authentication PAP Only users with the PAP protocol.
PAP or CHAP
Selecting this option means the router will attempt to
authenticate dial-in users with the CHAP protocol first. If the
dial-in user does not support this protocol, it will fall back to
use the PAP protocol for authentication.
Dial-In PPP Encryption
(MPPE Optional MPPE
This option represents that the MPPE encryption method will
be optionally employed in the router for the remote dial-in
user. If the remote dial-in user does not support the MPPE
encryption algorithm, the router will transmit “no MPPE
encrypted packets”. Otherwise, the MPPE encryption scheme
will be used to encrypt the data.
Require MPPE (40/128bits) - Selecting this option will
force the router to encrypt packets by using the MPPE
encryption algorithm. In addition, the remote dial-in user will
use 40-bit to perform encryption prior to using 128-bit for
encryption. In other words, if 128-bit MPPE encryption
method is not available, then 40-bit encryption scheme will
be applied to encrypt the data.
Maximum MPPE - This option indicates that the router will
use the MPPE encryption scheme with maximum bits
(128-bit) to encrypt the data.
Mutual Authentication
(PAP)
The Mutual Authentication function is mainly used to
communicate with other routers or clients who need
bi-directional authentication in order to provide stronger
security, for example, Cisco routers. So you should enable
this function when your peer router requires mutual
authentication. You should further specify the User Name
and Password of the mutual authentication peer.
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Assigned IP Address
Enter a specific IP address for the dial-in PPP connection. You
should choose an IP address from the local private network.
3.9.3 IPSec General Setup
In IPSec General Setup, there are two major parts of configuration.
There are two phases of IPSec.
¾
Phase 1: negotiation of IKE parameters including encryption, hash, Diffie-Hellman
parameter values, and lifetime to protect the following IKE exchange, authentication of
both peers using either a Pre-Shared Key or Digital Signature (x.509). The peer that
starts the negotiation proposes all its policies to the remote peer and then remote peer
tries to find a highest-priority match with its policies. Eventually to set up a secure tunnel
for IKE Phase 2.
¾
Phase 2: negotiation IPSec security methods including Authentication Header (AH) or
Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP) for the following IKE exchange and mutual
examination of the secure tunnel establishment.
There are two encapsulation methods used in IPSec, Transport and Tunnel. The Transport
mode will add the AH/ESP payload and use original IP header to encapsulate the data payload
only. It can just apply to local packet, e.g., L2TP over IPSec. The Tunnel mode will not only
add the AH/ESP payload but also use a new IP header (Tunneled IP header) to encapsulate the
whole original IP packet.
Authentication Header (AH) provides data authentication and integrity for IP packets passed
between VPN peers. This is achieved by a keyed one-way hash function to the packet to create
a message digest. This digest will be put in the AH and transmitted along with packets. On the
receiving side, the peer will perform the same one-way hash on the packet and compare the
value with the one in the AH it receives.
Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP) is a security protocol that provides data confidentiality
and protection with optional authentication and replay detection service.
IKE Authentication Method This usually applies to those are remote dial-in user or node
(LAN-to-LAN) which uses dynamic IP address and
IPSec-related VPN connections such as L2TP over IPSec and
IPSec tunnel.
Pre-Shared Key -Currently only support Pre-Shared Key
authentication.
Pre-Shared Key- Specify a key for IKE authentication
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Confirm Pre-Shared Key- Retype the characters to confirm
the pre-shared key.
IPSec Security Method
Medium - Authentication Header (AH) means data will be
authenticated, but not be encrypted. By default, this option is
active.
High - Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP) means payload
(data) will be encrypted and authenticated. You may select
encryption algorithm from Data Encryption Standard (DES),
Triple DES (3DES), and AES.
3.9.4 IPSec Peer Identity
To use digital certificate for peer authentication in either LAN-to-LAN connection or Remote
User Dial-In connection, here you may edit a table of peer certificate for selection. As shown
below, the router provides 32 entries of digital certificates for peer dial-in users.
Set to Factory Default
Click it to clear all indexes.
Index
Click the number below Index to access into the setting page of
IPSec Peer Identity.
Name
Display the profile name of that index.
Click each index to edit one peer digital certificate. There are three security levels of digital
signature authentication: Fill each necessary field to authenticate the remote peer. The
following explanation will guide you to fill all the necessary fields.
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Profile Name
Type in a name in this file.
Accept Any Peer ID
Click to accept any peer regardless of its identity.
Accept Subject Alternative Click to check one specific field of digital signature to accept
the peer with matching value. The field can be IP Address,
Name
Domain, or E-mail Address. The box under the Type will
appear according to the type you select and ask you to fill in
corresponding setting.
Accept Subject Name
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Click to check the specific fields of digital signature to accept
the peer with matching value. The field includes Country (C),
State (ST), Location (L), Organization (O), Organization
Unit (OU), Common Name (CN), and Email (E).
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3.9.5 Remote Dial-in User
You can manage remote access by maintaining a table of remote user profile, so that users can
be authenticated to dial-in via ISDN or build the VPN connection. You may set parameters
including specified connection peer ID, connection type (ISDN Dial-In connection, VPN
connection - including PPTP, IPSec Tunnel, and L2TP by itself or over IPSec) and
corresponding security methods, etc.
The router provides 32 access accounts for dial-in users. Besides, you can extend the user
accounts to the RADIUS server through the built-in RADIUS client function. The following
figure shows the summary table.
Set to Factory Default
Click to clear all indexes.
Index
Click the number below Index to access into the setting page of
Remote Dial-in User.
User
Display the username for the specific dial-in user of the
LAN-to-LAN profile. The symbol ??? represents that the
profile is empty.
Status
Display the access state of the specific dial-in user. The
symbol V and X represent the specific dial-in user to be active
and inactive, respectively.
Click each index to edit one remote user profile. Each Dial-In Type requires you to fill the
different corresponding fields on the right. If the fields gray out, it means you may leave it
untouched. The following explanation will guide you to fill all the necessary fields.
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Enable this account
Check the box to enable this function.
Idle Timeout- If the dial-in user is idle over the limitation of
the timer, the router will drop this connection. By default, the
Idle Timeout is set to 300 seconds.
ISDN
Allow the remote ISDN dial-in connection. You can further set
up Callback function below. You should set the User Name and
Password of remote dial-in user below. This feature is for s
model only.
PPTP
Allow the remote dial-in user to make a PPTP VPN connection
through the Internet. You should set the User Name and
Password of remote dial-in user below
IPSec Tunnel
Allow the remote dial-in user to make an IPSec VPN
connection through Internet.
L2TP
Allow the remote dial-in user to make a L2TP VPN connection
through the Internet. You can select to use L2TP alone or with
IPSec. Select from below:
None - Do not apply the IPSec policy. Accordingly, the VPN
connection employed the L2TP without IPSec policy can be
viewed as one pure L2TP connection.
Nice to Have - Apply the IPSec policy first, if it is applicable
during negotiation. Otherwise, the dial-in VPN connection
becomes one pure L2TP connection.
Must -Specify the IPSec policy to be definitely applied on the
L2TP connection.
Specify Remote Node
Check the checkbox-You can specify the IP address of the
remote dial-in user, ISDN number or peer ID (used in IKE
aggressive mode).
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Uncheck the checkbox-This means the connection type you
select above will apply the authentication methods and security
methods in the general settings.
Netbios Naming Packet
Pass – Click it to have an inquiry for data transmission between
the hosts located on both sides of VPN Tunnel while connecting.
Block – When there is conflict occurred between the hosts on
both sides of VPN Tunnel in connecting, such function can
block data transmission of Netbios Naming Packet inside the
tunnel.
Multicast via VPN
Some programs might send multicast packets via VPN
connection.
Pass – Click this button to let multicast packets pass through
the router.
Block – This is default setting. Click this button to let multicast
packets be blocked by the router.
User Name
This field is applicable when you select ISDN, PPTP or L2TP
with or without IPSec policy above.
Password
This field is applicable when you select ISDN, PPTP or L2TP
with or without IPSec policy above.
Enable Mobile One-Time
Password (mOTP)
Check this box to make the authentication with mOTP
function.
PIN Code – Type the code for authentication (e.g, 1234).
Secret – Use the 32 digit-secret number generated by mOTP
in the mobile phone (e.g., e759bb6f0e94c7ab4fe6).
IKE Authentication
Method
This group of fields is applicable for IPSec Tunnels and L2TP
with IPSec Policy when you specify the IP address of the
remote node. The only exception is Digital Signature (X.509)
can be set when you select IPSec tunnel either with or without
specify the IP address of the remote node.
Pre-Shared Key - Check the box of Pre-Shared Key to
invoke this function and type in the required characters (1-63)
as the pre-shared key.
Digital Signature (X.509) – Check the box of Digital
Signature to invoke this function and Select one predefined
Profiles set in the VPN and Remote Access >>IPSec Peer
Identity.
IPSec Security Method
This group of fields is a must for IPSec Tunnels and L2TP with
IPSec Policy when you specify the remote node. Check the
Medium, DES, 3DES or AES box as the security method.
Medium -Authentication Header (AH) means data will be
authenticated, but not be encrypted. By default, this option is
invoked. You can uncheck it to disable it.
High-Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP) means payload
(data) will be encrypted and authenticated. You may select
encryption algorithm from Data Encryption Standard (DES),
Triple DES (3DES), and AES.
Local ID - Specify a local ID to be used for Dial-in setting in
the LAN-to-LAN Profile setup. This item is optional and can be
used only in IKE aggressive mode.
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Callback Function
The callback function provides a callback service only for the
ISDN dial-in user (for s model only). The remote user will be
charged the connection fee by the telecom.
Check to enable Callback function-Enables the callback
function.
Specify the callback number-The option is for extra security.
Once enabled, the router will ONLY call back to the specified
Callback Number.
Check to enable callback budget control-By default, the
callback function has a time restriction. Once the callback
budget has been exhausted, the callback mechanism will be
disabled automatically.
Callback Budget (Unit: minutes)- Specify the time budget for
the dial-in user. The budget will be decreased automatically per
callback connection.
3.9.6 LAN to LAN
Here you can manage LAN-to-LAN connections by maintaining a table of connection profiles.
You may set parameters including specified connection direction (dial-in or dial-out),
connection peer ID, connection type (VPN connection - including PPTP, IPSec Tunnel, and
L2TP by itself or over IPSec) and corresponding security methods, etc.
The router supports 32 VPN tunnels. The following figure shows the summary table.
Set to Factory Default
Click to clear all indexes.
Name
Indicate the name of the LAN-to-LAN profile. The
symbol ??? represents that the profile is empty.
Status
Indicate the status of individual profiles. The symbol
V and X represent the profile to be active and
inactive, respectively.
Click each index to edit each profile and you will get the following page. Each LAN-to-LAN
profile includes 4 subgroups. If the fields gray out, it means you may leave it untouched. The
following explanations will guide you to fill all the necessary fields.
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For the web page is too long, we divide the page into several sections for explanation.
Profile Name
Specify a name for the profile of the LAN-to-LAN connection.
Enable this profile
Check here to activate this profile.
VPN Dial-Out Through
Use the drop down menu to choose a proper WAN interface for
this profile. This setting is useful for dial-out only.
WAN1 First - While connecting, the router will use WAN1 as
the first channel for VPN connection. If WAN1 fails, the router
will use another WAN interface instead.
WAN1 Only - While connecting, the router will use WAN1 as
the only channel for VPN connection.
WAN2 First - While connecting, the router will use WAN2 as
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the first channel for VPN connection. If WAN2 fails, the router
will use another WAN interface instead.
WAN2 Only - While connecting, the router will use WAN2 as
the only channel for VPN connection.
Netbios Naming Packet
Pass – click it to have an inquiry for data transmission between
the hosts located on both sides of VPN Tunnel while connecting.
Block – When there is conflict occurred between the hosts on
both sides of VPN Tunnel in connecting, such function can
block data transmission of Netbios Naming Packet inside the
tunnel.
Multicast via VPN
Some programs might send multicast packets via VPN
connection.
Pass – Click this button to let multicast packets pass through
the router.
Block – This is default setting. Click this button to let multicast
packets be blocked by the router.
Call Direction
Specify the allowed call direction of this LAN-to-LAN profile.
Both:-initiator/responder
Dial-Out- initiator only
Dial-In- responder only.
Always On or Idle Timeout Always On-Check to enable router always keep VPN
connection.
Idle Timeout: The default value is 300 seconds. If the
connection has been idled over the value, the router will drop
the connection.
Enable PING to keep alive This function is to help the router to determine the status of
IPSec VPN connection, especially useful in the case of
abnormal VPN IPSec tunnel disruption. For details, please refer
to the note below. Check to enable the transmission of PING
packets to a specified IP address.
PING to the IP
Enter the IP address of the remote host that located at the
other-end of the VPN tunnel.
Enable PING to Keep Alive is used to handle abnormal
IPSec VPN connection disruption. It will help to provide
the state of a VPN connection for router’s judgment of
redial.
Normally, if any one of VPN peers wants to disconnect the
connection, it should follow a serial of packet exchange
procedure to inform each other. However, if the remote peer
disconnect without notice, Vigor router will by no where to
know this situation. To resolve this dilemma, by
continuously sending PING packets to the remote host, the
Vigor router can know the true existence of this VPN
connection and react accordingly. This is independent of
DPD (dead peer detection).
ISDN
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Build ISDN LAN-to-LAN connection to remote network. You
should set up Link Type and identity like User Name and
Password for the authentication of remote server. You can
further set up Callback (CBCP) function below. This feature is
useful for s model only.
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PPTP
Build a PPTP VPN connection to the server through the Internet.
You should set the identity like User Name and Password
below for the authentication of remote server.
IPSec Tunnel
Build an IPSec VPN connection to the server through Internet.
L2TP with …
Build a L2TP VPN connection through the Internet. You can
select to use L2TP alone or with IPSec. Select from below:
None: Do not apply the IPSec policy. Accordingly, the VPN
connection employed the L2TP without IPSec policy can be
viewed as one pure L2TP connection.
Nice to Have: Apply the IPSec policy first, if it is applicable
during negotiation. Otherwise, the dial-out VPN connection
becomes one pure L2TP connection.
Must: Specify the IPSec policy to be definitely applied on the
L2TP connection.
User Name
This field is applicable when you select ISDN, PPTP or L2TP
with or without IPSec policy above.
Password
This field is applicable when you select ISDN, PPTP or L2TP
with or without IPSec policy above.
PPP Authentication
This field is applicable when you select ISDN, PPTP or L2TP
with or without IPSec policy above. PAP/CHAP is the most
common selection due to wild compatibility.
VJ compression
This field is applicable when you select ISDN, PPTP or L2TP
with or without IPSec policy above. VJ Compression is used for
TCP/IP protocol header compression. Normally set to Yes to
improve bandwidth utilization.
IKE Authentication
Method
This group of fields is applicable for IPSec Tunnels and L2TP
with IPSec Policy.
Pre-Shared Key - Input 1-63 characters as pre-shared key.
Digital Signature (X.509) - Select one predefined Profiles set
in the VPN and Remote Access >>IPSec Peer Identity.
IPSec Security Method
This group of fields is a must for IPSec Tunnels and L2TP with
IPSec Policy.
Medium
Authentication Header (AH) means data will be authenticated,
but not be encrypted. By default, this option is active.
High (ESP-Encapsulating Security Payload)- means payload
(data) will be encrypted and authenticated. Select from below:
DES without Authentication -Use DES encryption algorithm
and not apply any authentication scheme.
DES with Authentication-Use DES encryption algorithm and
apply MD5 or SHA-1 authentication algorithm.
3DES without Authentication-Use triple DES encryption
algorithm and not apply any authentication scheme.
3DES with Authentication-Use triple DES encryption
algorithm and apply MD5 or SHA-1 authentication algorithm.
AES without Authentication-Use AES encryption algorithm
and not apply any authentication scheme.
AES with Authentication-Use AES encryption algorithm and
apply MD5 or SHA-1 authentication algorithm.
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Advanced
Specify mode, proposal and key life of each IKE phase,
Gateway etc.
The window of advance setup is shown as below:
IKE phase 1 mode -Select from Main mode and Aggressive
mode. The ultimate outcome is to exchange security proposals
to create a protected secure channel. Main mode is more secure
than Aggressive mode since more exchanges are done in a
secure channel to set up the IPSec session. However, the
Aggressive mode is faster. The default value in Vigor router is
Main mode.
IKE phase 1 proposal-To propose the local available
authentication schemes and encryption algorithms to the VPN
peers, and get its feedback to find a match. Two combinations
are available for Aggressive mode and nine for Main mode. We
suggest you select the combination that covers the most
schemes.
IKE phase 2 proposal-To propose the local available
algorithms to the VPN peers, and get its feedback to find a
match. Three combinations are available for both modes. We
suggest you select the combination that covers the most
algorithms.
IKE phase 1 key lifetime-For security reason, the lifetime of
key should be defined. The default value is 28800 seconds. You
may specify a value in between 900 and 86400 seconds.
IKE phase 2 key lifetime-For security reason, the lifetime of
key should be defined. The default value is 3600 seconds.
You may specify a value in between 600 and 86400 seconds.
Perfect Forward Secret (PFS)-The IKE Phase 1 key will be
reused to avoid the computation complexity in phase 2. The
default value is inactive this function.
Local ID -In Aggressive mode, Local ID is on behalf of the IP
address while identity authenticating with remote VPN server.
The length of the ID is limited to 47 characters.
Callback Function
(for s models only)
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The callback function provides a callback service as a part of
PPP suite only for the ISDN dial-in user. The router owner
will be charged the connection fee by the telecom.
Require Remote to Callback-Enable this to let the router to
require the remote peer to callback for the connection
afterwards.
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Provide ISDN Number to Remote-In the case that the
remote peer requires the Vigor router to callback, the local
ISDN number will be provided to the remote peer. Check
here to allow the Vigor router to send the ISDN number to
the remote router. This feature is useful for s model only.
Allowed Dial-In Type
Determine the dial-in connection with different types.
ISDN
Allow the remote ISDN LAN-to-LAN connection. You should
set the User Name and Password of remote dial-in user below.
This feature is useful for s model only. In addition, you can
further set up Callback function below.
PPTP
Allow the remote dial-in user to make a PPTP VPN connection
through the Internet. You should set the User Name and
Password of remote dial-in user below.
IPSec Tunnel
Allow the remote dial-in user to trigger an IPSec VPN
connection through Internet.
L2TP
Allow the remote dial-in user to make a L2TP VPN connection
through the Internet. You can select to use L2TP alone or with
IPSec. Select from below:
None - Do not apply the IPSec policy. Accordingly, the VPN
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connection employed the L2TP without IPSec policy can be
viewed as one pure L2TP connection.
Nice to Have - Apply the IPSec policy first, if it is applicable
during negotiation. Otherwise, the dial-in VPN connection
becomes one pure L2TP connection.
Must - Specify the IPSec policy to be definitely applied on the
L2TP connection.
Specify CLID or Remote
VPN Gateway
You can specify the IP address of the remote dial-in user or
peer ID (should be the same with the ID setting in dial-in
type) by checking the box. Enter Peer ISDN number if you
select ISDN above (This feature is useful for s model only.).
Also, you should further specify the corresponding security
methods on the right side.
If you uncheck the checkbox, the connection type you select
above will apply the authentication methods and security
methods in the general settings.
User Name
This field is applicable when you select ISDN, PPTP or L2TP
with or without IPSec policy above.
Password
This field is applicable when you select ISDN, PPTP or L2TP
with or without IPSec policy above.
VJ Compression
VJ Compression is used for TCP/IP protocol header
compression. This field is applicable when you select ISDN,
PPTP or L2TP with or without IPSec policy above.
IKE Authentication
Method
This group of fields is applicable for IPSec Tunnels and
L2TP with IPSec Policy when you specify the IP address of
the remote node. The only exception is Digital Signature
(X.509) can be set when you select IPSec tunnel either with
or without specify the IP address of the remote node.
Pre-Shared Key - Check the box of Pre-Shared Key to
invoke this function and type in the required characters
(1-63) as the pre-shared key.
Digital Signature (X.509) –Check the box of Digital
Signature to invoke this function and select one predefined
Profiles set in the VPN and Remote Access >>IPSec Peer
Identity.
IPSec Security Method
This group of fields is a must for IPSec Tunnels and L2TP with
IPSec Policy when you specify the remote node.
Medium- Authentication Header (AH) means data will be
authenticated, but not be encrypted. By default, this option is
active.
High- Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP) means payload
(data) will be encrypted and authenticated. You may select
encryption algorithm from Data Encryption Standard (DES),
Triple DES (3DES), and AES.
Callback Function
The callback function provides a callback service only for the
ISDN LAN-to-LAN connection (this feature is useful for s
model only). The remote user will be charged the connection
fee by the telecom.
Check to enable Callback function-Enables the callback
function.
Callback number-The option is for extra security. Once
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152
enabled, the router will ONLY call back to the specified
Callback Number.
Callback budget- By default, the callback function has
limitation of callback period. Once the callback budget is
exhausted, the function will be disabled automatically.
Callback Budget (Unit: minutes)- Specify the time budget for
the dial-in user. The budget will be decreased automatically per
callback connection. The default value 0 means no limitation of
callback period.
My WAN IP
This field is only applicable when you select ISDN, PPTP or
L2TP with or without IPSec policy above. The default value is
0.0.0.0, which means the Vigor router will get a PPP IP address
from the remote router during the IPCP negotiation phase. If the
PPP IP address is fixed by remote side, specify the fixed IP
address here. Do not change the default value if you do not
select ISDN, PPTP or L2TP.
Remote Gateway IP
This field is only applicable when you select ISDN, PPTP or
L2TP with or without IPSec policy above. The default value is
0.0.0.0, which means the Vigor router will get a remote
Gateway PPP IP address from the remote router during the
IPCP negotiation phase. If the PPP IP address is fixed by
remote side, specify the fixed IP address here. Do not change
the default value if you do not select ISDN, PPTP or L2TP.
Remote Network IP/
Remote Network Mask
Add a static route to direct all traffic destined to this Remote
Network IP Address/Remote Network Mask through the
VPN connection. For IPSec, this is the destination clients IDs
of phase 2 quick mode.
More
Add a static route to direct all traffic destined to more Remote
Network IP Addresses/ Remote Network Mask through the
VPN connection. This is usually used when you find there are
several subnets behind the remote VPN router.
RIP Direction
The option specifies the direction of RIP (Routing Information
Protocol) packets. You can enable/disable one of direction here.
Herein, we provide four options: TX/RX Both, TX Only, RX
Only, and Disable.
From first subnet to
remote network, you have
to do
If the remote network only allows you to dial in with single
IP, please choose NAT, otherwise choose Route.
Change default route to
this VPN tunnel
Check this box to change the default route with this VPN
tunnel. Be aware that this setting is available only for one
WAN interface is enabled. It is not available when both
WAN interfaces are enabled. You have to disable one WAN
interface (WAN 1 or WAN 2) on WAN >> General Setup
for enabling such setting.
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3.9.7 Connection Management
You can find the summary table of all VPN connections. You may disconnect any VPN
connection by clicking Drop button. You may also aggressively Dial-out by using Dial-out
Tool and clicking Dial button.
Dial
Click this button to execute dial out function.
Refresh Seconds
Choose the time for refresh the dial information among 5, 10,
and 30.
Refresh
Click this button to refresh the whole connection status.
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3.10 Certificate Management
A digital certificate works as an electronic ID, which is issued by a certification authority
(CA). It contains information such as your name, a serial number, expiration dates etc., and the
digital signature of the certificate-issuing authority so that a recipient can verify that the
certificate is real. Here Vigor router support digital certificates conforming to standard X.509.
Any entity wants to utilize digital certificates should first request a certificate issued by a CA
server. It should also retrieve certificates of other trusted CA servers so it can authenticate the
peer with certificates issued by those trusted CA servers.
Here you can manage generate and manage the local digital certificates, and set trusted CA
certificates. Remember to adjust the time of Vigor router before using the certificate so that
you can get the correct valid period of certificate.
Below shows the menu items for Certificate Management.
3.10.1 Local Certificate
Generate
Click this button to open Generate Certificate Request
window.
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Type in all the information that the window request. Then click
Generate again.
Import
Click this button to import a saved file as the certification
information.
Refresh
Click this button to refresh the information listed below.
View
Click this button to view the detailed settings for certificate
request.
After clicking Generate, the generated information will be displayed on the window below:
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3.10.2 Trusted CA Certificate
Trusted CA certificate lists three sets of trusted CA certificate.
To import a pre-saved trusted CA certificate, please click IMPORT to open the following
window. Use Browse… to find out the saved text file. Then click Import. The one you
imported will be listed on the Trusted CA Certificate window. Then click Import to use the
pre-saved file.
For viewing each trusted CA certificate, click View to open the certificate detail information
window. If you want to delete a CA certificate, choose the one and click Delete to remove all
the certificate information.
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3.10.3 Certificate Backup
Local certificate and Trusted CA certificate for this router can be saved within one file. Please
click Backup on the following screen to save them. If you want to set encryption password for
these certificates, please type characters in both fields of Encrypt password and Confirm
password.
Also, you can use Restore to retrieve these two settings to the router whenever you want.
3.11 VoIP
Voice over IP network (VoIP) enables you to use your broadband Internet connection to make
toll quality voice calls over the Internet.
There are many different call signaling protocols, methods by which VoIP devices can talk to
each other. The most popular protocols are SIP, MGCP, Megaco and H.323. These protocols
are not all compatible with each other (except via a soft-switch server).
The Vigor V models support the SIP protocol as this is an ideal and convenient deployment
for the ITSP (Internet Telephony Service Provider) and softphone and is widely supported.
SIP is an end-to-end, signaling protocol that establishes user presence and mobility in VoIP
structure. Every one who wants to talk using his/her SIP Uniform Resource Identifier, “SIP
Address”. The standard format of SIP URI is
sip: user:password @ host: port
Some fields may be optional in different use. In general, "host” refers to a domain. The
“userinfo” includes the user field, the password field and the @ sign following them. This is
very similar to a URL so some may call it “SIP URL”. SIP supports peer-to-peer direct calling
and also calling via a SIP proxy server (a role similar to the gatekeeper in H.323 networks),
while the MGCP protocol uses client-server architecture, the calling scenario being very
similar to the current PSTN/ISDN network.
After a call is setup, the voice streams transmit via RTP (Real-Time Transport Protocol).
Different codecs (methods to compress and encode the voice) can be embedded into RTP
packets. Vigor V models provide various codecs, including G.711 A/µ-law, G.723, G.726 and
G.729 A & B. Each codec uses a different bandwidth and hence provides different levels of
voice quality. The more bandwidth a codec uses the better the voice quality, however the
codec used must be appropriate for your Internet bandwidth.
Usually there will be two types of calling scenario, as illustrated below:
z
Calling via SIP Servers
First, the Vigor V models of yours will have to register to a SIP Registrar by sending
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registration messages to validate. Then, both parties’ SIP proxies will forward the
sequence of messages to caller to establish the session.
If you both register to the same SIP Registrar, then it will be illustrated as below:
The major benefit of this mode is that you don’t have to memorize your friend’s IP
address, which might change very frequently if it’s dynamic. Instead of that, you will
only have to using dial plan or directly dial your friend’s account name if you are with
the same SIP Registrar. Please refer to the section 4.5.1.
z
Peer-to-Peer
Before calling, you have to know your friend’s IP Address. The Vigor VoIP Routers will
build connection between each other. Please refer to the section 4.5.2.
Our Vigor V models firstly apply efficient codecs designed to make the best use of
available bandwidth, but Vigor V models also equip with automatic QoS assurance.
QoS Assurance assists to assign high priority to voice traffic via Internet. You will
always have the required inbound and outbound bandwidth that is prioritized exclusively
for Voice traffic over Internet but you just get your data a little slower and it is tolerable
for data traffic.
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3.11.1 DialPlan
This page allows you to set phone book and digit map for the VoIP function. Click the Phone
Book and Digit Map links on the page to access into next pages for dialplan settings.
Enable Secure Phone
It allows users to have encrypted RTP stream with the peer side
using the same protocol (ZRTP+SRTP). Check this box to have
secure call.
Enable SAS Voice Prompt
If it is enabled, SAS prompt will be heard for both ends every
time. If it is disabled, no SAS prompt will be heard any more.
Application for Secure Phone
Enable SAS Voice Prompt, for ex: if vigor router A calls vigor router B with checking Enable
Secure Phone and Enable SAS Voice Prompt, then:
1. After the connection established, vigor router A will send SAS voice prompt to A and
vigor router B will send the SAS voice prompt to B.
2. Then the RTP traffic is secured until the call ends.
3. If vigor router A wants to call vigor router B again next time, both A and B will not hear
any voice prompt again even checking Enable SAS Voice Prompt on web UI. It means
only the first call between them will have voice prompt.
Enable SAS Voice Prompt, for ex: if vigor router A calls vigor router B with checking Enable
Secure Phone but not Enable SAS Voice Prompt, then:
1. After the connection established, vigor router A will NOT send SAS voice prompt to
vigor router A and vigor router B will NOT send the SAS voice prompt to vigor router B.
2. Even no voice prompt, but the RTP traffic is still secured until the call ends.
Note: If the incoming or outgoing calls do not match any entry on the phonebook, the
router will try to make the call "being protected". But, if the call ends up "unprotected"(e.g.
peer side does not support ZRTP+SRTP), the router will not play out a warning message.
Phone Book
In this section, you can set your VoIP contacts in the “phonebook”. It can help you to make
calls quickly and easily by using “speed-dial” Phone Number. There are total 60 index entries
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in the phonebook for you to store all your friends and family members’ SIP addresses. Loop
through and Backup Phone Number will be displayed if you are using Vigor 2820V for
setting the phone book.
Click any index number to display the dial plan setup page.
Enable
Click this to enable this entry.
Phone Number
The speed-dial number of this index. This can be any number
you choose, using digits 0-9 and * .
Display Name
The Caller-ID that you want to be displayed on your friend’s
screen. This let your friend can easily know who’s calling
without memorizing lots of SIP URL Address.
SIP URL
Enter your friend’s SIP Address
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This page will differ for different models. Below is a sample page obtained from Vigor
2820VSn. The selection of Loop through and Backup Phone Number is only available for
2820VSn/2820Vn model.
Enable
Click this to enable this entry.
Phone Number
The speed-dial number of this index. This can be any number
you choose, using digits 0-9 and * .
Display Name
The Caller-ID that you want to be displayed on your friend’s
screen. This let your friend can easily know who’s calling
without memorizing lots of SIP URL Address.
SIP URL
Enter your friend’s SIP Address.
Dial Out Account
Choose one of the SIP accounts for this profile to dial out. It is
useful for both sides (caller and callee) that registered to
different SIP Registrar servers. If caller and callee do not use
the same SIP server, sometimes, the VoIP phone call
connection may not succeed. By using the specified dial out
account, the successful connection can be assured.
Loop through
For the model of Vigor 2820Vn, the selection should be as the
following:
Backup Phone Number
When the VoIP phone is obstructs or the Internet breaks down
for some reasons, the backup phone will be dialed out to replace
the VoIP phone number. At this time, the phone call will be
changed from VoIP phone into PSTN call according to the loop
through direction chosen. Note that, during the phone switch,
the blare of phone will appear for a short time. And when the
VoIP phone is switched into the PSTN phone, the telecom co.
might charge you for the connection fee. Please type in backup
phone number (PSTN number/ISDN number) for this VoIP
phone setting.
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Secure Phone
ZRTP is a cryptographic key-agreement protocol to encrypt
VoIP phone calls to ensure the phone security. It allows users to
encrypt any Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) VoIP voice stream,
as long as the peer side on the call is also using such protocol.
None - If the incoming or outgoing call matches the phone
book entry with secure phone option set to "None", it means the
call should be unprotected.
ZRTP+SRTP – If the incoming or outgoing call matches the
phone book entry with secure phone option set to
"ZRTP+SRTP", it means the call would be protected. A
warning message will be played out if the call ends
up unprotected.
Note: If the incoming or outgoing calls do not match any entry on the phonebook, the router
will try to make the call "being protected". But, if the call ends up "unprotected"(e.g. peer
side does not support ZRTP+SRTP), the router will not play out a warning message.
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Digit Map
For the convenience of user, this page allows users to edit prefix number for the SIP account
with adding number, stripping number or replacing number. It is used to help user having a
quick and easy way to dial out through VoIP interface.
Enable
Check this box to invoke this setting.
Prefix Number
The phone number set here is used to add, strip, or replace the
OP number.
Mode
None - No action.
Add - When you choose this mode, the OP number will be
added with the prefix number for calling out through the
specific VoIP interface.
Strip - When you choose this mode, the OP number will be
deleted by the prefix number for calling out through the specific
VoIP interface. Take the above picture (Prefix Table Setup web
page) as an example, the OP number of 886 will be deleted
completely for the prefix number is set with 886.
Replace - When you choose this mode, the OP number will be
replaced by the prefix number for calling out through the
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specific VoIP interface. Take the above picture (Prefix Table
Setup web page) as an example, the prefix number of 03 will be
replaced by 8863. For example: dial number of “031111111”
will be changed to “88631111111” and sent to SIP server.
OP Number
The front number you type here is the first part of the account
number that you want to execute special function (according to
the chosen mode) by using the prefix number.
Min Len
Set the minimal length of the dial number for applying the
prefix number settings. Take the above picture (Prefix Table
Setup web page) as an example, if the dial number is between 7
and 9, that number can apply the prefix number settings here.
Max Len
Set the maximum length of the dial number for applying the
prefix number settings.
Route
Choose the one that you want to enable the prefix number
settings from the saved SIP accounts. Please set up one SIP
account first to make this interface available. This item will be
changed according to the port settings configured in VoIP>>
Phone Settings.
Call Barring
Call barring is used to block phone calls coming from the one that is not welcomed.
Click any index number to display the dial plan setup page.
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Enable
Click this to enable this entry.
Call Direction
Determine the direction for the phone call, IN – incoming call,
OUT-outgoing call, IN & OUT – both incoming and outgoing
calls.
Barring Type
Determine the type of the VoIP phone call, URI/URL or
number.
Specific URI/URL or
Specific Number
This field will be changed based on the type you selected for
barring Type.
Route
All means all the phone calls will be blocked with such
mechanism. ISDN means ISDN call will be blocked with such
mechanism.
Index (1-15) in Schedule
Enter the index of schedule profiles to control the call barring
according to the preconfigured schedules. Refer to section 3.5.2
Schedule for detailed configuration.
Additionally, you can set advanced settings for call barring such as Block Anonymous, Block
Unknown Domain or Block IP Address. Simply click the relational links to open the web
page.
For Block Anonymous – this function can block the incoming calls without caller ID on the
interface (Phone port) specified in the following window. Such control also can be done based
on preconfigured schedules.
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For Block Unknown Domain – this function can block incoming calls (through Phone port)
from unrecognized domain that is not specified in SIP accounts. Such control also can be done
based on preconfigured schedules.
For Block IP Address – this function can block incoming calls (through Phone port) coming
from IP address. Such control also can be done based on preconfigured schedules.
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Regional
This page allows you to process incoming or outgoing phone calls by regional. Default values
(common used in most areas) will be shown on this web page. You can change the number
based on the region that the router is placed.
Enable Regional
Check this box to enable this function.
Last Call Return [Miss]
Sometimes, people might miss some phone calls. Please dial
number typed in this field to know where the last phone call
comes from and call back to that one.
Last Call Return [In]
You have finished an incoming phone call, however you want
to call back again for some reason. Please dial number typed in
this field to call back to that one.
Last Call Return [Out]
Dial the number typed in this field to call the previous outgoing
phone call again.
Call Forward [All][Act]
Dial the number typed in this field to forward all the incoming
calls to the specified place.
Call Forward [Deact]
Dial the number typed in this field to release the call forward
function.
Call Forward [Busy][Act]
Dial the number typed in this field to forward all the incoming
calls to the specified place while the phone is busy.
Call Forward [No Ans][Act] Dial the number typed in this field to forward all the incoming
calls to the specified place while there is no answer of the
connected phone.
Do Not Disturb [Act]
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Dial the number typed in this field to invoke the function of
DND.
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Do Not Distrub [Deact]
Dial the number typed in this field to release the DND function.
Hide caller ID [Act]
Dial the number typed in this field to make your phone number
(ID) not displayed on the display panel of remote end.
Hide caller ID [Deact]
Dial the number typed in this field to release this function.
Call Waiting [Act]
Dial the number typed in this field to make all the incoming
calls waiting for your answer.
Call Waiting [Deact]
Dial the number typed in this field to release this function.
Block Anonymous[Act]
Dial the number typed in this field to block all the incoming
calls with unknown ID.
Block Anonymous[Deact]
Dial the number typed in this field to release this function.
Block Unknown Domain
[Act]
Dial the number typed in this field to block all the incoming
calls from unknown domain.
Block Unknown Domain
[Deact]
Dial the number typed in this field to release this function.
Block IP Calls [Act]
Dial the number typed in this filed to block all the incoming
calls from IP address.
Block IP Calls [Deact]
Dial the number typed in this field to release this function.
Block Last Calls [Act]
Dial the number typed in this field to block the last incoming
phone call.
PSTN Setup
Some emergency phone (e.g., 911) or special phone cannot be dialed out by using VoIP and
can be called out through PSTN line only. To solve this problem, this page allows you to set
five sets of PSTN number for dialing without passing through Internet. Please type the number
in the field of phone number for PSTN relay.
Then, check the Enable box to make the PSTN number available for dial whenever you need.
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3.11.2 SIP Accounts
In this section, you set up your own SIP settings. When you apply for an account, your SIP
service provider will give you an Account Name or user name, SIP Registrar, Proxy, and
Domain name. (The last three might be the same in some case). Then you can tell your folks
your SIP Address as in Account Name@ Domain name
As Vigor VoIP Router is turned on, it will first register with Registrar using
AuthorizationUser@Domain/Realm. After that, your call will be bypassed by SIP Proxy to the
destination using AccountName@Domain/Realm as identity.
Note: Selection items for Ring Port will differ according to the router you have.
For Vigor2820V/Vigor2820Vn models, you will see the following page:
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For Vigor2820VS/Vigor2820VSn models, you will see the following page:
Index
Click this link to access into next page for setting SIP account.
Profile
Display the profile name of the account.
Domain/Realm
Display the domain name or IP address of the SIP registrar
server.
Proxy
Display the domain name or IP address of the SIP proxy server.
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Account Name
Display the account name of SIP address before @.
Ring Port
Specify which port will ring when receiving a phone call. Set
Phone, ISDN1-S0 or ISDN-TE as the default ring port for the
SIP account. If you choose Phone or ISDN1-S0, the ISDN2-TE
selection will be dimmed, vice versa. There are ten internal
lines with numbers (30 – 39) offered for ISDN-S0. You can
specify any one of them as ring port for specified SIP account.
By the way, ISDN-S0 can be used by mapping with MSN
numbers.
STUN Server
Type in the IP address or domain of the STUN server.
External IP
Type in the gateway IP address.
SIP PING interval
The default value is 150 (sec). It is useful for a Nortel server
NAT Traversal Support.
Status
Show the status for the corresponding SIP account. R means
such account is registered on SIP server successfully. – means
the account is failed to register on SIP server.
Profile Name
Assign a name for this profile for identifying. You can type
similar name with the domain. For example, if the domain name
is draytel.org, then you might set draytel-1 in this field.
Register via
If you want to make VoIP call without register personal
information, please choose None and check the box to achieve
the goal. Some SIP server allows user to use VoIP function
without registering. For such server, please check the box of
Call without Registration. Choosing Auto is recommended.
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The system will select a proper way for your VoIP call.
SIP Port
Set the port number for sending/receiving SIP message for
building a session. The default value is 5060. Your peer must
set the same value in his/her Registrar.
Domain/Realm
Set the domain name or IP address of the SIP Registrar server.
Proxy
Set domain name or IP address of SIP proxy server. By the time
you can type :port number after the domain name to specify
that port as the destination of data transmission (e.g.,
nat.draytel.org:5065)
Act as Outbound Proxy
Check this box to make the proxy acting as outbound proxy.
Display Name
The caller-ID that you want to be displayed on your friend’s
screen.
Account Number/Name
Enter your account name of SIP Address, e.g. every text before
@.
Authentication ID
Check the box to invoke this function and enter the name or
number used for SIP Authorization with SIP Registrar. If this
setting value is the same as Account Name, it is not necessary
for you to check the box and set any value in this field.
Password
The password provided to you when you registered with a SIP
service.
Expiry Time
The time duration that your SIP Registrar server keeps your
registration record. Before the time expires, the router will send
another register request to SIP Registrar again.
NAT Traversal Support
If the router (e.g., broadband router) you use connects to
internet by other device, you have to set this function for your
necessity.
None – Disable this function.
Stun – Choose this option if there is Stun server provided for
your router.
Manual – Choose this option if you want to specify an external
IP address as the NAT transversal support.
Nortel – If the soft-switch that you use supports Nortel solution,
you can choose this option.
Ring Port
Set Phone, ISDN1-S0 or ISDN-TE as the default ring port for
this SIP account. If you choose Phone or ISDN1-S0, the
ISDN2-TE selection will be dimmed, vice versa. There are ten
internal lines with numbers (30 – 39) offered for ISDN-S0. You
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can specify one of them or choose Any as ring port for
specified SIP account. By the way, ISDN-S0 can be used by
mapping with MSN numbers.
Ring Pattern
Choose a ring tone type for the VoIP phone call.
3.11.3 Phone Settings
This page allows user to set phone settings for Phone 1 and Phone 2 respectively. However, it
changes slightly according to different model you have.
For Vigor2820V/Vigor2820Vn models, you will see the following page:
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For Vigor2820VS/Vigor2820VSn models, you will see the following page:
Phone List
Port – For Vigor2820V/Vigor2820Vn, there are two phone
ports provided here for you to configure. However, for
Vigor2820VS/Vigor2820VSn, there are three phone ports
provided here for you to configure. Two (Index 1 to 2) are fixed
and one (Index 3) is configurable. Phone1/Phone2/Phone
allow you to set general settings for PSTN phones. ISDN1-S0
and ISDN2-TE allow you to set common settings for ISDN
network connection. ISDN2 port is configurable. Please use the
drop down list to choose ISDN2-TE for Internet connection or
choose ISDN2-S0 (ISDN intern) for ISDN phone. In addition,
you can connect six phones to this router in certain case. Please
refer to Section 4-1 for detailed information of ISDN
phone/network connection.
If you want to enable function of ISDN On-Net/Off-Net, you
have to choose ISDN2-TE.
Call Feature – A brief description for call feature will be
shown in this field for your reference.
Codec – The default Codec setting for each port will be shown
in this field for your reference. You can click the number below
the Index field to change it for each phone port.
Tone - Display the tone settings that configured in the advanced
settings page of Phone Index.
Gain - Display the volume gain settings for Mic/Speaker that
configured in the advanced settings page of Phone Index.
Default SIP Account – “draytel_1” is the default SIP account.
You can click the number below the Index field to change SIP
account for each phone port.
DTMF Relay – Display DTMF mode that configured in the
advanced settings page of Phone Index.
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Disable Port
The router can support up to 4 VoIP calls simultaneously. In
general, only 3 VoIP calls can be dialed through ISDN at the
same time. If you want to use four ISDN channels, you have to
check this box. When the Phone port is disabled, it could not be
used anymore.
RTP
Symmetric RTP – Check this box to invoke the function. To
make the data transmission going through on both ends of local
router and remote router not misleading due to IP lost (for
example, sending data from the public IP of remote router to the
private IP of local router), you can check this box to solve this
problem.
Dynamic RTP Port Start - Specifies the start port for RTP
stream. The default value is 10050.
Dynamic RTP Port End - Specifies the end port for RTP
stream. The default value is 15000.
RTP TOS – It decides the level of VoIP package. Use the drop
down list to choose any one of them.
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Detailed Settings for Phone Port
Click the number link for Phone port, you can access into the following page for configuring
Phone settings.
Hotline
Check the box to enable it. Type in the SIP URL in the field for
dialing automatically when you pick up the phone set.
Session Timer
Check the box to enable the function. In the limited time that
you set in this field, if there is no response, the connecting call
will be closed automatically.
Call Forwarding
There are four options for you to choose. Disable is to close call
forwarding function. Always means all the incoming calls will
be forwarded into SIP URL without any reason. Busy means
the incoming calls will be forwarded into SIP URL only when
the local system is busy. No Answer means if the incoming
calls do not receive any response, they will be forwarded to the
SIP URL by the time out. Busy or No Answer means if the
incoming calls do not receive any response or when the local
system is busy, they will be forwarded to the specified SIP URL
by the time out.
SIP URL – Type in the SIP URL (e.g., aaa@draytel.org or
abc@iptel.org) as the site for call forwarded.
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Time Out – Set the time out for the call forwarding. The
default setting is 30 sec.
DND (Do Not Disturb)
mode
Set a period of peace time without disturbing by VoIP phone
call. During the period, the one who dial in will listen busy
tone, yet the local user will not listen any ring tone.
Index (1-15) in Schedule - Enter the index of schedule profiles
to control the DND mode according to the preconfigured
schedules. Refer to section 3.8.2 Schedule for detailed
configuration.
Index (1-60) in Phone Book - Enter the index of phone book
profiles. Refer to section 3.11.1 DialPlan – Phone Book for
detailed configuration.
CLIR (hide caller ID)
Check this box to hide the caller ID on the display panel of the
phone set.
Call Waiting
Check this box to invoke this function. A notice sound will
appear to tell the user new phone call is waiting for your
response. Click hook flash to pick up the waiting phone call.
Call Transfer
Check this box to invoke this function. Click hook flash to
initiate another phone call. When the phone call connection
succeeds, hang up the phone. The other two sides can
communicate, then.
Prefer Codec
Select one of five codecs as the default for your VoIP calls. The
codec used for each call will be negotiated with the peer party
before each session, and so may not be your default choice. The
default codec is G.729A/B; it occupies little bandwidth while
maintaining good voice quality.
If your upstream speed is only 64Kbps, do not use G.711 codec.
It is better for you to have at least 256Kbps upstream if you
would like to use G.711.
Single Codec – If the box is checked, only the selected Codec
will be applied.
Packet Size-The amount of data contained in a single packet.
The default value is 20 ms, which means the data packet will
contain 20 ms voice information.
Voice Active Detector - This function can detect if the voice
on both sides is active or not. If not, the router will do
something to save the bandwidth for other using. Click On to
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invoke this function; click off to close the function.
Default SIP Account
You can set SIP accounts (up to six groups) on SIP Account
page. Use the drop down list to choose one of the profile names
for the accounts as the default one for this phone setting.
Play dial tone only when account registered - Check this box
to invoke the function.
Default Call Route
It determines the default direction for the call route of the router.
Such feature is available for Vigor2820VS and Vigor2820VSn.
To ISDN (for VoIP) - The router is set by using ISDN call. To
change ISDN call into VoIP call, please dial the character in
this field for transferring. The character that you can type can
be *, #, and 0~9.
To VoIP (for ISDN) - The router is set by using VoIP call. To
change VoIP call into ISDN call, please dial the character in
this field for transferring. The character that you can type can
be *, #, and 0~9.
In addition, you can press the Advanced button to configure tone settings, volume gain, MISC
and DTMF mode. Advanced setting is provided for fitting the telecommunication custom for
the local area of the router installed. Wrong tone settings might cause inconvenience for users.
To set the sound pattern of the phone set, simply choose a proper region to let the system find
out the preset tone settings and caller ID type automatically. Or you can adjust tone settings
manually if you choose User Defined. TOn1, TOff1, TOn2 and TOff2 mean the cadence of the
tone pattern. TOn1 and TOn2 represent sound-on; TOff1 and TOff2 represent the sound-off.
Region
Select the proper region which you are located. The common
settings of Caller ID Type, Dial tone, Ringing tone, Busy
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tone and Congestion tone will be shown automatically on the
page. If you cannot find out a suitable one, please choose User
Defined and fill out the corresponding values for dial tone,
ringing tone, busy tone, congestion tone by yourself for VoIP
phone.
Also, you can specify each field for your necessity. It is
recommended for you to use the default settings for VoIP
communication.
Volume Gain
Mic Gain (1-10)/Speaker Gain (1-10) - Adjust the volume of
microphone and speaker by entering number from 1- 10. The
larger of the number, the louder the volume is.
MISC
Dial Tone Power Level - This setting is used to adjust the
loudness of the dial tone. The smaller the number is, the louder
the dial tone is. It is recommended for you to use the default
setting.
Ring Frequency - This setting is used to drive the frequency of
the ring tone. It is recommended for you to use the default
setting.
DTMF
DTMF Mode – There are four DTMF modes for you to choose.
InBand - Choose this one then the Vigor will send the DTMF
tone as audio directly when you press the keypad on the phone
OutBand - Choose this one then the Vigor will capture the
keypad number you pressed and transform it to digital form
then send to the other side; the receiver will generate the tone
according to the digital form it receive. This function is very
useful when the network traffic congestion occurs and it still
can remain the accuracy of DTMF tone.
SIP INFO- Choose this one then the Vigor will capture the
DTMF tone and transfer it into SIP form. Then it will be sent to
the remote end with SIP message.
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Payload Type (rfc2833) - Choose a number from 96 to 127,
the default value was 101. This setting is available for the
OutBand (RFC2833) mode.
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Detailed Settings for ISDN1-S0 Port
Click the number link of Index 2 (ISDN1-S0), you can access into the following page for
configuring Phone settings.
Hotline
Check the box to enable it. Type in the SIP URL in the field for
dialing automatically when you pick up the phone set.
Session Timer
Check the box to enable the function. In the limited time that
you set in this field, if there is no response, the connecting call
will be closed automatically.
Call Forwarding
There are four options for you to choose. Disable is to close call
forwarding function. Always means all the incoming calls will
be forwarded into SIP URL without any reason. Busy means
the incoming calls will be forwarded into SIP URL only when
the local system is busy. No Answer means if the incoming
calls do not receive any response, they will be forwarded to the
SIP URL by the time out. Busy or No Answer means if the
incoming calls do not receive any response or when the local
system is busy, they will be forwarded to the specified SIP URL
by the time out.
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SIP URL – Type in the SIP URL (e.g., aaa@draytel.org or
abc@iptel.org) as the site for call forwarded.
Time Out – Set the time out for the call forwarding. The
default setting is 30 sec.
DND (Do Not Disturb)
mode
Set a period of peace time without disturbing by VoIP phone
call. During the period, the one who dial in will listen busy
tone, yet the local user will not listen any ring tone.
Index (1-15) in Schedule - Enter the index of schedule profiles
to control the DND mode according to the preconfigured
schedules. Refer to section 3.8.2 Schedule for detailed
configuration.
Index (1-60) in Phone Book - Enter the index of phone book
profiles. Refer to section 3.11.1 DialPlan – Phone Book for
detailed configuration.
CLIR (hide caller ID)
Check this box to hide the caller ID on the display panel of the
phone set.
Call Waiting
Check this box to invoke this function. A notice sound will
appear to tell the user new phone call is waiting for your
response. Click hook flash to pick up the waiting phone call.
Call Transfer
Check this box to invoke this function. Click hook flash to
initiate another phone call. When the phone call connection
succeeds, hang up the phone. The other two sides can
communicate, then.
Prefer Codec
Select one of five codecs as the default for your VoIP calls. The
codec used for each call will be negotiated with the peer party
before each session, and so may not be your default choice. The
default codec is G.729A/B; it occupies little bandwidth while
maintaining good voice quality.
If your upstream speed is only 64Kbps, do not use G.711 codec.
It is better for you to have at least 256Kbps upstream if you
would like to use G.711.
Single Codec – If the box is checked, only the selected Codec
will be applied.
Packet Size-The amount of data contained in a single packet.
The default value is 20 ms, which means the data packet will
contain 20 ms voice information.
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Voice Active Detector - This function can detect if the voice
on both sides is active or not. If not, the router will do
something to save the bandwidth for other using. Click On to
invoke this function; click off to close the function.
Default SIP Account
You can set SIP accounts (up to six groups) on SIP Account
page. Use the drop down list to choose one of the profile names
for the accounts as the default one for this phone setting.
ISDN-S0 port can pick up multiple incoming calls
simultaneously. Therefore different phone sets (MSN30 to
MSN39) can use different SIP accounts to call out through this
port.
Play dial tone only when account registered - Check this box
to invoke the function.
Default Call Route
It determines the default direction for the call route of the router.
To ISDN (for VoIP) - The router is set by using ISDN call. To
change ISDN call into VoIP call, please dial the character in
this field for transferring. The character that you can type can
be *, #, and 0~9.
To VoIP (for ISDN) - The router is set by using VoIP call. To
change VoIP call into ISDN call, please dial the character in
this field for transferring. The character that you can type can
be *, #, and 0~9.
In addition, you can press the Advanced button to configure tone settings, volume gain, MISC,
DTMF mode and MSN number. Advanced setting is provided for fitting the
telecommunication custom for the local area of the router installed. Wrong tone settings might
cause inconvenience for users. To set the sound pattern of the phone set, simply choose a
proper region to let the system find out the preset tone settings and caller ID type
automatically. Or you can adjust tone settings manually if you choose User Defined. TOn1,
TOff1, TOn2 and TOff2 mean the cadence of the tone pattern. TOn1 and TOn2 represent
sound-on; TOff1 and TOff2 represent the sound-off.
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Region
Select the proper region which you are located. The common
settings of Caller ID Type, Dial tone, Ringing tone, Busy
tone and Congestion tone will be shown automatically on the
page. If you cannot find out a suitable one, please choose User
Defined and fill out the corresponding values for dial tone,
ringing tone, busy tone, congestion tone by yourself for VoIP
phone.
Also, you can specify each field for your necessity. It is
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Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
recommended for you to use the default settings for VoIP
communication.
Volume Gain
Mic Gain (1-10)/Speaker Gain (1-10) - Adjust the volume of
microphone and speaker by entering number from 1- 10. The
larger of the number, the louder the volume is.
MISC
Dial Tone Power Level - This setting is used to adjust the
loudness of the dial tone. The smaller the number is, the louder
the dial tone is. It is recommended for you to use the default
setting.
Ring Frequency - This setting is used to drive the frequency of
the ring tone. It is recommended for you to use the default
setting.
DTMF
DTMF Mode – There are four DTMF modes for you to choose.
InBand - Choose this one then the Vigor will send the DTMF
tone as audio directly when you press the keypad on the phone
OutBand - Choose this one then the Vigor will capture the
keypad number you pressed and transform it to digital form
then send to the other side; the receiver will generate the tone
according to the digital form it receive. This function is very
useful when the network traffic congestion occurs and it still
can remain the accuracy of DTMF tone.
SIP INFO- Choose this one then the Vigor will capture the
DTMF tone and transfer it into SIP form. Then it will be sent to
the remote end with SIP message.
Payload Type (rfc2833) - Choose a number from 96 to 127,
the default value was 101. This setting is available for the
OutBand (RFC2833) mode.
MSN Alias
You can modify the MSN number (default values are set from
30 – 39) with any number you desire. For example, type 50 in
the box of MSN 30.
Later you will find MSN 30 has been replaced with MSN50 in
all related pages. See the following figures for examples (pages
of VoIP>>SIP Accounts and VoIP>>Phone Settings).
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Detailed Settings for ISDN2-TE Port (Available for VSn model only)
Vigor2820VSn allows users to switch the function of ISDN2 port between TE or S0 mode.
Please use the drop down list to choose the one you want.
If you choose ISDN2-S0, please refer to Detailed Settings for Phone1, Phone2, ISDN1-S0 for
the configuration. However, if you choose ISDN-TE and click the number link for that port,
you will see the following page.
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Hotline
Check the box to enable it. Type in the SIP URL in the field for
dialing automatically when you pick up the phone set.
Session Timer
Check the box to enable the function. In the limited time that
you set in this field, if there is no response, the connecting call
will be closed automatically.
Call Forwarding
There are four options for you to choose. Disable is to close call
forwarding function. Always means all the incoming calls will
be forwarded into SIP URL without any reason. Busy means
the incoming calls will be forwarded into SIP URL only when
the local system is busy. No Answer means if the incoming
calls do not receive any response, they will be forwarded to the
SIP URL by the time out. Busy or No Answer means if the
incoming calls do not receive any response or when the local
system is busy, they will be forwarded to the specified SIP URL
by the time out.
SIP URL – Type in the SIP URL (e.g., aaa@draytel.org or
abc@iptel.org) as the site for call forwarded.
Time Out – Set the time out for the call forwarding. The
default setting is 30 sec.
DND (Do Not Disturb)
mode
Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
Set a period of peace time without disturbing by VoIP phone
call. During the period, the one who dial in will listen busy
tone, yet the local user will not listen any ring tone.
188
Index (1-15) in Schedule - Enter the index of schedule profiles
to control the DND mode according to the preconfigured
schedules. Refer to section 3.8.2 Schedule for detailed
configuration.
Index (1-60) in Phone Book - Enter the index of phone book
profiles. Refer to section 3.11.1 DialPlan – Phone Book for
detailed configuration.
CLIR (hide caller ID)
Check this box to hide the caller ID on the display panel of the
phone set.
Prefer Codec
Select one of five codecs as the default for your VoIP calls. The
codec used for each call will be negotiated with the peer party
before each session, and so may not be your default choice. The
default codec is G.729A/B; it occupies little bandwidth while
maintaining good voice quality.
If your upstream speed is only 64Kbps, do not use G.711 codec.
It is better for you to have at least 256Kbps upstream if you
would like to use G.711.
Single Codec – If the box is checked, only the selected Codec
will be applied.
Packet Size-The amount of data contained in a single packet.
The default value is 20 ms, which means the data packet will
contain 20 ms voice information.
Voice Active Detector - This function can detect if the voice
on both sides is active or not. If not, the router will do
something to save the bandwidth for other using. Click On to
invoke this function; click off to close the function.
Default SIP Account
You can set SIP accounts (up to six groups) on SIP Account
page. Use the drop down list to choose one of the profile names
for the accounts as the default one for this phone setting.
Play dial tone only when account registered - Check this box
to invoke the function.
FXO Feature
Enable ISDN to VoIP (On-Net) Calls – Check this box to
make all the outgoing calls from ISDN line to be forwarded to
receivers by Internet.
Enable VoIP to ISDN (Off-Net) Calls –Check this box to
make all the incoming calls coming from Internet to be
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forwarded to receivers by ISDN line.
Loop Through to Phone Port – Choose this radio button to
make all the calls controlled by traditional PSTN phone. It will
tack effect only if MSN mapping ring port is not configured.
Loop Through to ISDN1-S0 Port – Choose this radio button
to make all the calls controlled by ISDN line.
In addition, you can press the Advanced button to configure tone settings, volume gain, MISC
and DTMF mode. Advanced setting is provided for fitting the telecommunication custom for
the local area of the router installed. Wrong tone settings might cause inconvenience for users.
To set the sound pattern of the phone set, simply choose a proper region to let the system find
out the preset tone settings and caller ID type automatically. Or you can adjust tone settings
manually if you choose User Defined. TOn1, TOff1, TOn2 and TOff2 mean the cadence of the
tone pattern. TOn1 and TOn2 represent sound-on; TOff1 and TOff2 represent the sound-off.
Region
Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
Select the proper region which you are located. The common
settings of Caller ID Type, Dial tone, Ringing tone, Busy
tone and Congestion tone will be shown automatically on the
page. If you cannot find out a suitable one, please choose User
Defined and fill out the corresponding values for dial tone,
ringing tone, busy tone, congestion tone by yourself for VoIP
phone.
190
Also, you can specify each field for your necessity. It is
recommended for you to use the default settings for VoIP
communication.
Volume Gain
Mic Gain (1-10)/Speaker Gain (1-10) - Adjust the volume of
microphone and speaker by entering number from 1- 10. The
larger of the number, the louder the volume is.
MISC
Dial Tone Power Level - This setting is used to adjust the
loudness of the dial tone. The smaller the number is, the louder
the dial tone is. It is recommended for you to use the default
setting.
Authentication PIN Code
Check for ISDN to VoIP Calls – Set a pin code for the router
to authenticate which one is allowed to dial ISDN to VoIP call.
The figure that you can type in this field is limited from three to
eight with digits from zero to nine.
Check for VoIP to ISDN Calls - Set a pin code for the router
to authenticate which one is allowed to dial VoIP to ISDN call.
The figure that you can type in this field is limited from three to
eight with digits from zero to nine.
DTMP
DTMF mode – There are four selections provided here:
InBand:Choose this one then the Vigor will send the DTMF
tone as audio directly when you press the keypad on the phone
OutBand: Choose this one then the Vigor will capture the
keypad number you pressed and transform it to digital form
then send to the other side; the receiver will generate the tone
according to the digital form it receive. This function is very
useful when the network traffic congestion occurs and it still
can remain the accuracy of DTMF tone.
SIP INFO: Choose this one then the Vigor will capture the
DTMF tone and transfer it into SIP form. Then it will be sent to
the remote end with SIP message.
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Payload Type (rfc2833) - Choose a number from 96 to 127,
the default value was 101. This setting is available for the
OutBand (RFC2833) mode.
3.11.4 Status
From this page, you can find codec, connection and other important call status for each port.
Refresh Seconds
Specify the interval of refresh time to obtain the latest VoIP
calling information. The information will update immediately
when the Refresh button is clicked.
Port
It shows current connection status for Phone(s) and ISDN ports.
Status
It shows the VoIP connection status.
IDLE - Indicates that the VoIP function is idle.
HANG_UP - Indicates that the connection is not established
(busy tone).
CONNECTING - Indicates that the user is calling out.
WAIT_ANS - Indicates that a connection is launched and
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waiting for remote user’s answer.
ALERTING - Indicates that a call is coming.
ACTIVE-Indicates that the VoIP connection is launched.
Codec
Indicates the voice codec employed by present channel.
PeerID
The present in-call or out-call peer ID (the format may be IP or
Domain).
Elapse
The format is represented as hours:minutes:seconds.
Tx Pkts
Total number of transmitted voice packets during this
connection session.
Rx Pkts
Total number of received voice packets during this connection
session.
Rx Losts
Total number of lost packets during this connection session.
Rx Jitter
The jitter of received voice packets.
In Calls
Accumulation for the times of in call.
Out Calls
Accumulation for the times of out call.
Miss Calls
Accumulation for the times of missing call.
Speaker Gain
The volume of present call.
Log
Display logs of VoIP calls.
3.12 ISDN
3.12.1 Basic Concept
ISDN means integrated services digital network that is an international communications
standard for sending voice, video, and data over digital telephone lines or normal telephone
wires.
Below shows the menu items for ISDN.
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3.12.2 General Settings
This web page allows you to enable ISDN function.
ISDN Port
Click Enable to open the ISDN port and Disable to close it.
Country Code
For proper operation on your local ISDN network, you should
choose the correct country code.
D-Channel Mode
It allows you to configure ISDN layer2 protocol as:
Point-to-Point - Configure ISDN port to use static TEI
(Terminal Endpoint Identifier).
Point-to-Multipoint - Configure ISDN port to use Dynamic
TEI.
Own Number
Enter your ISDN number that you got from ISDN service
provider (To have such number, you have offer your request
from ISDN service provider first). Every outgoing call will
carry the number to the receiver.
Blocked MSN Numbers for Enter the specified MSN number into the fields to prevent
the router from dialing the specific MSN number
the router
MSN Numbers for the
Router
Vigor2820 Series User’s Guide
MSN Numbers mean that the router is able to accept only
number-matched incoming calls. In addition, local ISDN
network provider should support MSN services. The router
provides ten fields for MSN numbers. Note that MSN service
must be acquired from your local telecom operators. By
194
default, MSN function is disabled. If you leave the fields
blank, all incoming calls will be accepted without number
matching.
1-10 fields – Fill in the portion that is different with the own
number.
For example, the own number is 1234567 and MSN numbers
are 1234550, 1234517 and 1234582 respectively. You can
type in 1234567 in the filed of own number. Fill in 50, 17
and 67 on the fields of 1, 2 and 3 one by one without typing
12345.
Mapping to Phone Ports
For loop through phone calls, you can assign Phone or/and
ISDN1-S0 as ring ports if incoming calls correspond with
settings on MSN number field.
There are ten internal lines (30-39) under ISDN1-S0 for you to
configure as dedicated line. You can setup your ISDN
phone with one of these 10 different internal MSN
numbers. Transparent means MSN on TE port can connect
to NT port without limitation on the number among 30 ~ 39.
Any means all the phones under ISDN1-S0 would ring.
If you choose Any as ISDN-S0 port, when the router receives
the incoming phone call with certain number for reaching
ISDN-S0, all the phone sets connected to ISDN-S0 will ring at
the same time.
Phone CLIR/CLIP
CLIR means “Calling Line Identification Restriction”. If you
choose this item, we will not let remote side see your phone
number. Such function depends on environment that ISP offers
to you. Usually, hidden telephone number is not permitted
under many real circumstances.
CLIP means “Calling Line Identification Presentation”. Usually
the router will send "Own Number" to the remote side.
However Own number will restrict the router displaying only
one number on remote side. Vigor2820 series can connect up to
6
phones at the same time. Therefore, if CLIP is selected, the
external MSN numbers that you setup will be displayed to
remote side.
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Application Example
You got ISDN numbers with 5972720~5972729 from your ISP, and you try to connect
ISDN-TE port to ISDN network. Please refer to the following configuration.
Open ISDN>> General Setup and set as the following:
When remote user calls you by dialing 5972727, the router will make Phone port ringing.
When remote user calls you by dialing 5972728, the router will make ISDN phone under
ISDN1-S0 port and configured with internal MSN number 32 ringing.
When remote user calls you by dialing 5972729, the router will make ISDN phones under
ISDN1-S0 port and configured with internal MSN number 5972729 ringing.
When remote user calls you by dialing 5972720, the router will make all of ISDN phones
under ISDN1-S0 port ringing.
When remote user calls you by dialing 5972722, the router will make no phone ringing for the
number is not specified in such page.
If you use Phone to dial an outgoing call: remote user will see the telephone number 5972726 because CLIP is not checked.
If you use ISDN1-S0 with MSN 32 to dial an outgoing call: remote user will see “Withheld
Number” from the telephone display panel because Phone CLIR is checked.
If you use ISDN1-S0 with MSN 5972729 to dial an outgoing call: remote user will see the
number 5972729 because Phone CLIP is checked.
If you use ISDN1-S0 without MSN Setup to dial an outgoing call: remote user will see the
number 5972720 because Phone CLIP is checked.
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3.12.3 Dial to Single/Dual ISPs
Select Dialing to a Single ISP if you access the Internet via a single ISP.
ISP Access Setup
ISP Name - Enter your ISP name such as Seednet, Hinet and so
on.
Dial Number -Enter the ISDN access number provided by your
ISP.
Username - Enter the username provided by your ISP.
Password - Enter the password provided by your ISP.
Require ISP Callback (CBCP) -If your ISP supports the
callback function, check this box to activate the Callback
Control Protocol during the PPP negotiation.
Scheduler (1-15) - Enter the index of schedule profiles to
control the Internet access according to the preconfigured
schedules. Refer to section 3.8.2 Schedule for detailed
configuration.
PPP/MP Setup
Link Type – There are three link types provided here for
different purpose. Link Disable disables the ISDN dial-out
function. Dialup 64Kbps allows you to use one ISDN B
channel for Internet access. Dialup 128Kbps allows you to use
both ISDN B channels for Internet access. Dialup BOD (for
detailed information of configuration, please refer to section
3.12.4) stands for bandwidth-on-demand. The router will use
only one B channel in low traffic situations. Once the single B
channel bandwidth is fully used, the other B channel will be
activated automatically through the dialup. For more detailed
BOD parameter settings, please refer to the section of Call
Control.
PPP Authentication - PAP only allows you to configure the
PPP session to use the PAP protocol to negotiate the username
and password with the ISP. PAP or CHAP is to configure the
PPP session to use the PAP or CHAP protocols to negotiate the
username and password with the ISP.
Idle Timeout - Idle timeout means the router will be disconnect
after being idle for a preset amount of time. The default is 180
seconds. If you set the time to 0, the ISDN connection to the
ISP will always remain on.
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IP Address Assignment
Method (IPCP)
In most environments, you should not change these settings
as most ISPs provide a dynamic IP address for the router
when it connects to the ISP. If your ISP provides a fixed IP
address, check Yes and enter the IP address in the field of
Fixed IP Address.
Select Dialing to Dual ISPs if you have more than one ISP. You will be able to dial to both
ISPs at the same time. This is mainly for those ISPs that do not support Multiple-Link PPP
(ML-PPP). In such cases, dialing to two ISPs can increase the bandwidth utilization of the
ISDN channels to 128kbps data speed.
Common Settings
Enable Dual ISPs Function - Check to enable the Dual ISPs
function. Require ISP Callback (CBCP) -If your ISP supports
the callback function, check this box to activate the Callback
Control Protocol during the PPP negotiation.
PPP/MP Setup
Link Type – There are three link types provided here for
different purpose. Link Disable disables the ISDN dial-out
function. Dialup 128Kbps allows you to use both ISDN B
channels for Internet access. Dialup BOD (for detailed
information of configuration, please refer to section 3.12.4)
stands for bandwidth-on-demand. The router will use only one
B channel in low traffic situations. Once the single B channel
bandwidth is fully used, the other B channel will be activated
automatically through the dialup.
PPP Authentication - PAP only allows you to configure the
PPP session to use the PAP protocol to negotiate the username
and password with the ISP. PAP or CHAP can configure the
PPP session to use the PAP or CHAP protocols to negotiate the
username and password with the ISP.
Idle Timeout - Idle timeout means the router will be disconnect
after being idle for a preset amount of time. The default is 180
seconds. If you set the time to 0, the ISDN connection to the
ISP will always remain on.
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Primary ISP Setup
ISP Name - Enter your ISP name.
Dial Number -Enter the ISDN access number provided by your
ISP.
Username - Enter the username provided by your ISP.
Password - Enter the password provided by your ISP.
IP Address Assignment
Method (IPCP) for
primary ISP setup
In most environments, you should not change these settings as
most ISPs provide a dynamic IP address for the router when it
connects to the ISP. If your ISP provides a fixed IP address,
check Yes and enter the IP address in the field of Fixed IP
Address.
Secondary ISP Setup)
ISP Name - Enter the secondary ISP name.
Dial Number -Enter the ISDN access number provided by the
ISP.
Username - Enter the username provided by your ISP.
Password - Enter the password provided by your ISP.
IP Address Assignment
Method (IPCP) for
secondary ISP setup
In most environments, you should not change these settings as
most ISPs provide a dynamic IP address for the router when it
connects to the ISP. If your ISP provides a fixed IP address,
check Yes and enter the IP address in the field of Fixed IP
Address.
After entering the necessary settings and clicking OK, you will see Goto ISDN Diagnostic
link appears on the bottom of the webpage.
To have an ISDN connection, please click Goto ISDN Diagnostic. The following page will be
displayed on your screen.
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Click Dial ISDN. Wait for a moment after clicking the dial link. Then, a successful ISDN
connection will be shown as the following.
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3.12.4 Call Control
Some applications require that the router (only for the ISDN models) be remotely activated, or
be able to dial up to the ISP via the ISDN interface. Vigor routers provide this feature by
allowing user to make a phone call to the router and then ask it to dial up to the ISP.
Accordingly, a teleworker can access the remote network to retrieve resources. Of course, a
fixed IP address is required for WAN connection and some internal network resource has to be
exposed for remote users, such as FTP, WWW.
Call Control Setup
Dial Retry - It specifies the dial retry counts per triggered
packet. A triggered packet is the packet whose destination is
outside the local network. The default setting is no dial retry. If
set to 5, for each triggered packet, the router will dial 5 times
until it is connected to the ISP or remote access router.
Dial Delay Interval - It specifies the interval between dialup
retries. By default, the interval is 0 second.
Remote Activation – It can help users who would like to
access the server which is off the Internet in the head office. To
remotely make the server to be available on the Internet, i.e.
make the router in the head office activating its Internet access
either by dialing-up or starting broadband connection, users can
make a regular phone call (the number is set in the Remote
Activation field) to the router as signaling it for activation. The
phone call will be soon disconnected once the router is on line.
Note that Dialing to a Single ISP should be pre-configured
properly.
Basic Setup
Link Type - Because ISDN has two B channels (64Kbps/per
channel), you can specify whether you would like to have single
B channel, two B channels or BOD (Bandwidth on Demand).
Four options are available: Link Disable, Dialup 64Kbps,
Dialup 128Kbps, Dialup BOD.
PPP Authentication - It specifies the PPP authentication
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method for PPP/MP connections. Normally you can set it to
PAP/CHAP for better compatibility.
TCP Header Compression - VJ Compression: It is used for
TCP/IP protocol header compression. Normally it is set to Yes
to improve bandwidth utilization.
Idle Timeout - Because our IDSN link type is Dial On
Demand, the connection will be initiated only when needed.
Bandwidth-On-Demand
(BOD) Setup
Bandwidth-On-Demand is for Multiple-Link PPP \(ML-PPP
or MP). The parameters are only applied when you set the
Link Type to Dialup BOD. The ISDN usually use one B
channel to access the Internet or remote network when you
choose the Dialup BOD link type. The router will use the
parameters here to decide on when you activate/drop the
additional B channel. Note that cps (characters-per-second)
measures the total link utilization.
High Water Mark and High Water Time - These
parameters specify the situation in which the second channel
will be activated. With the first connected channel, if its
utilization exceeds the High Water Mark and such a channel
is being used over the High Water Time, the additional
channel will be activated. Thus, the total link speed will be
128kbps (two B channels).
Low Water Mark and Low Water Time - These parameters
specify the situation in which the second channel will be
dropped. In terms of the two B channels, if their utilization is
under the Low Water Mark and these two channels are being
used over the High Water Time, the additional channel will be
dropped. As a result, the total link speed will be 64kbps (one
B channel).
3.13 Wireless LAN
This function is used for “n” models only.
3.13.1 Basic Concepts
Over recent years, the market for wireless communications has enjoyed tremendous growth.
Wireless technology now reaches or is capable of reaching virtually every location on the
surface of the earth. Hundreds of millions of people exchange information every day via
wireless communication products. The Vigor “n” model, a.k.a. Vigor wireless router, is
designed for maximum flexibility and efficiency of a small office/home. Any authorized staff
can bring a built-in WLAN client PDA or notebook into a meeting room for conference
without laying a clot of LAN cable or drilling holes everywhere. Wireless LAN enables high
mobility so WLAN users can simultaneously access all LAN facilities just like on a wired
LAN as well as Internet access.
The Vigor wireless routers are equipped with a wireless LAN interface compliant with the
standard IEEE 802.11n protocol. To boost its performance further, the Vigor Router is also
loaded with advanced wireless technology to lift up data rate up to 300 Mbps*. Hence, you
can finally smoothly enjoy stream music and video.
Note: * The actual data throughput will vary according to the network conditions and
environmental factors, including volume of network traffic, network overhead and
building materials.
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In an Infrastructure Mode of wireless network, Vigor wireless router plays a role as an Access
Point (AP) connecting to lots of wireless clients or Stations (STA). All the STAs will share the
same Internet connection via Vigor wireless router. The General Settings will set up the
information of this wireless network, including its SSID as identification, located channel etc.
Security Overview
Real-time Hardware Encryption: Vigor Router is equipped with a hardware AES encryption
engine so it can apply the highest protection to your data without influencing user experience.
Complete Security Standard Selection: To ensure the security and privacy of your wireless
communication, we provide several prevailing standards on market.
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) is a legacy method to encrypt each frame transmitted via
radio using either a 64-bit or 128-bit key. Usually access point will preset a set of four keys
and it will communicate with each station using only one out of the four keys.
WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access), the most dominating security mechanism in industry, is
separated into two categories: WPA-personal or called WPA Pre-Share Key (WPA/PSK), and
WPA-Enterprise or called WPA/802.1x.
In WPA-Personal, a pre-defined key is used for encryption during data transmission. WPA
applies Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP) for data encryption while WPA2 applies AES.
The WPA-Enterprise combines not only encryption but also authentication.
Since WEP has been proved vulnerable, you may consider using WPA for the most secure
connection. You should select the appropriate security mechanism according to your needs.
No matter which security suite you select, they all will enhance the over-the-air data
protection and /or privacy on your wireless network. The Vigor wireless router is very flexible
and can support multiple secure connections with both WEP and WPA at the same time.
Separate the Wireless and the Wired LAN- WLAN Isolation enables you to isolate your
wireless LAN from wired LAN for either quarantine or limit access reasons. To isolate means
neither of the parties can access each other. To elaborate an example for business use, you
may set up a wireless LAN for visitors only so they can connect to Internet without hassle of
the confidential information leakage. For a more flexible deployment, you may add filters of
MAC addresses to isolate users’ access from wired LAN.
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Manage Wireless Stations - Station List will display all the station in your wireless network
and the status of their connection.
Below shows the menu items for Wireless LAN.
3.13.2 General Setup
By clicking the General Settings, a new web page will appear so that you could configure the
SSID and the wireless channel. Please refer to the following figure for more information.
Enable Wireless LAN
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Check the box to enable wireless function.
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Mode
At present, the router can connect to 11b Only, 11g Only,
11n Only, Mixed(11b+11g), Mixed(11g+11n) and Mixed
(11b+11g+11n) stations simultaneously. Simply choose
Mix (11b+11g+11n) mode.
Index(1-15)
Set the wireless LAN to work at certain time interval only.
You may choose up to 4 schedules out of the 15 schedules
pre-defined in Applications >> Schedule setup. The
default setting of this filed is blank and the function will
always work.
Hide SSID
Check it to prevent from wireless sniffing and make it
harder for unauthorized clients or STAs to join your
wireless LAN. Depending on the wireless utility, the user
may only see the information except SSID or just cannot
see any thing about Vigor wireless router while site
surveying. The system allows you to set four sets of SSID
for different usage. In default, the first set of SSID will be
enabled. You can hide it for your necessity.
SSID
Means the identification of the wireless LAN. SSID can be
any text numbers or various special characters. The default
SSID is "default". We suggest you to change it.
Isolate
Member –Check this box to make the wireless clients
(stations) with the same SSID not accessing for each other.
VPN – Check this box to make wireless clients (stations)
with the same SSID not accessing for VPN connection.
Channel
Means the channel of frequency of the wireless LAN. The
default channel is 6. You may switch channel if the
selected channel is under serious interference. If you have
no idea of choosing the frequency, please select Auto to let
system determine for you.
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Long Preamble
This option is to define the length of the sync field in an
802.11 packet. Most modern wireless network uses short
preamble with 56 bit sync filed instead of long preamble
with 128 bit sync field. However, some original 11b
wireless network devices only support long preamble.
Check it to use Long Preamble if needed to communicate
with this kind of devices.
Packet-OVERDRIVE
This feature can enhance the performance in data
transmission about 40% for 11g (5% for 11n) by checking
Tx Burst. It is active only when both sides of Access Point
and Station (in wireless client) invoke this function at the
same time. That is, the wireless client must support this
feature and invoke the function, too.
Note: Vigor N61 wireless adapter supports this function.
Therefore, you can use and install it into your PC for
matching with Packet-OVERDRIVE (refer to the
following picture of Vigor N61 wireless utility window,
choose Enable for TxBURST on the tab of Option).
Rate Control
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It controls the data transmission rate through wireless
connection.
Upload – Check Enable and type the transmitting rate for
data upload. Default value is 30,000 kbps.
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Download – Type the transmitting rate for data download.
Default value is 30,000 kbps.
3.13.3 Security
This page allows you to set security with different modes for SSID 1, 2, 3 and 4 respectively.
After configuring the correct settings, please click OK to save and invoke it.
By clicking the Security Settings, a new web page will appear so that you could configure the
settings of WEP and WPA.
Mode
There are several modes provided for you to choose.
Disable - Turn off the encryption mechanism.
WEP-Accepts only WEP clients and the encryption key
should be entered in WEP Key.
WEP/802.1x Only - Accepts only WEP clients and the
encryption key is obtained dynamically from RADIUS
server with 802.1X protocol.
WPA/802.1x Only- Accepts only WPA clients and the
encryption key is obtained dynamically from RADIUS
server with 802.1X protocol.
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WPA2/802.1x Only- Accepts only WPA2 clients and the
encryption key is obtained dynamically from RADIUS
server with 802.1X protocol.
Mixed (WPA+WPA2/802.1x only) - Accepts WPA and
WPA2 clients simultaneously and the encryption key is
obtained dynamically from RADIUS server with 802.1X
protocol.
WPA/PSK-Accepts only WPA clients and the encryption
key should be entered in PSK.
WPA2/PSK-Accepts only WPA2 clients and the
encryption key should be entered in PSK.
Mixed (WPA+ WPA2)/PSK - Accepts WPA and WPA2
clients simultaneously and the encryption key should be
entered in PSK.
WPA
WEP
Note: You should also set RADIUS Server
simultaneously if WEP/802.1x Only, WPA/802.1x
Only, WPA2/802.1x Only or Mixed
(WPA+WPA2/802.1x only) is selected.
The WPA encrypts each frame transmitted from the radio
using the key, which either PSK (Pre-Shared Key) entered
manually in this field below or automatically negotiated
via 802.1x authentication. Either 8~63 ASCII characters,
such as 012345678(or 64 Hexadecimal digits leading by 0x,
such as "0x321253abcde...").
Type - Select from Mixed (WPA+WPA2) or WPA2 only.
Pre-Shared Key (PSK) - Either 8~63 ASCII characters,
such as 012345678..(or 64 Hexadecimal digits leading by
0x, such as "0x321253abcde...").
64-Bit - For 64 bits WEP key, either 5 ASCII characters,
such as 12345 (or 10 hexadecimal digitals leading by 0x,
such as 0x4142434445.)
128-Bit - For 128 bits WEP key, either 13 ASCII
characters, such as ABCDEFGHIJKLM (or 26
hexadecimal digits leading by 0x, such as
0x4142434445464748494A4B4C4D).
All wireless devices must support the same WEP
encryption bit size and have the same key. Four keys can
be entered here, but only one key can be selected at a time.
The keys can be entered in ASCII or Hexadecimal. Check
the key you wish to use.
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3.13.4 Access Control
In the Access Control, the router may restrict wireless access to certain wireless clients only
by locking their MAC address into a black or white list. The user may block wireless clients
by inserting their MAC addresses into a black list, or only let them be able to connect by
inserting their MAC addresses into a white list. In the Access Control web page, users may
configure the white/black list modes used by each SSID and the MAC addresses applied to
their lists.
Enable Mac Access Filter
Select the access control filter type to be applied to
wireless LAN identified with SSID 1 to 4 respectively.
MAC Address Filter
Display all access control entries that were inserted before.
Client’s MAC Address
Manually enter the MAC address of wireless client.
Apply SSID
After entering the client’s MAC address, check the box of
the SSIDs desired to insert this MAC address into their
access control list.
Attribute
s: Isolate the station from LAN - select to isolate the
wireless client from the wired LAN network.
Add
Add a new access control entry into the list.
Delete
Delete the selected access control entry in the list.
Edit
Edit the selected access control entry in the list.
Cancel
Give up current modified settings.
OK
Click it to save the settings in access control list.
Clear All
Clean all entries in the MAC address list.
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3.13.5 WPS
WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup) provides easy procedure to make network connection
between wireless station and wireless access point (vigor router) with the encryption of
WPA and WPA2.
Note: Such function is available for the wireless station with WPS supported.
It is the simplest way to build connection between wireless network clients and vigor router.
Users do not need to select any encryption mode and type any long encryption passphrase to
setup a wireless client every time. He/she only needs to press the WPS button on AP and
selects that AP on the utility of wireless station. Then WPS will connect for client and router
automatically.
There are two methods to do network connection through WPS between AP and Stations:
pressing the Start PBC button or using PIN Code.
z
On the side of Vigor 2820 series which served as an AP, press Wireless LAN
ON/OFF/WPS button for 2 seconds to wait for client device making network
connection through WPS or click Start PBC on web configuration interface. On the
side of a station with network card installed, press Start PBC button of network card.
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z
If you want to use PIN code, you have to know the PIN code specified in wireless client.
Then provide the PIN code of the wireless client you wish to connect to the vigor router.
For WPS is supported in WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK mode, if you do not choose such mode in
Wireless LAN>>Security, you will see the following message box.
Please click OK and go back Wireless LAN>>Security to choose WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK
mode and access WPS again.
Below shows Wireless LAN>>WPS web page.
Enable WPS
Check this box to enable WPS setting.
WPS Status
Display related system information for WPS.
SSID
Display the SSID1 of the router. WPS is supported by
SSID1 only.
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Authentication Mode
Display current authentication mode of the router. Only
WPA2/PSK and WPA/PSK support WPS.
Configure via Push Button
Click Start PBC to invoke Push-Button style WPS setup
procedure. The router will wait for WPS requests from
wireless clients about two minutes. The WPS LED on the
router will blink fast when WPS is in progress. It will
return to normal condition after two minutes. (You need to
setup WPS within two minutes)
Configure via Client PinCode
Please input the PIN code specified in wireless client you
wish to connect, and click Start PIN button. The WLAN
LED on the router will blink fast when WPS is in progress.
It will return to normal condition after two minutes. (You
need to setup WPS within two minutes)
3.13.6 WDS
WDS means Wireless Distribution System. It is a protocol for connecting two access points
(AP) wirelessly. Usually, it can be used for the following application:
y
y
Provide bridge traffic between two LANs through the air.
Extend the coverage range of a WLAN.
To meet the above requirement, two WDS modes are implemented in Vigor router. One is
Bridge, the other is Repeater. Below shows the function of WDS-bridge interface:
The application for the WDS-Repeater mode is depicted as below:
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The major difference between these two modes is that: while in Repeater mode, the packets
received from one peer AP can be repeated to another peer AP through WDS links. Yet in
Bridge mode, packets received from a WDS link will only be forwarded to local wired or
wireless hosts. In other words, only Repeater mode can do WDS-to-WDS packet forwarding.
In the following examples, hosts connected to Bridge 1 or 3 can communicate with hosts
connected to Bridge 2 through WDS links. However, hosts connected to Bridge 1 CANNOT
communicate with hosts connected to Bridge 3 through Bridge 2.
Click WDS from Wireless LAN menu. The following page will be shown.
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Mode
Choose the mode for WDS setting. Disable mode will not
invoke any WDS setting. Bridge mode is designed to fulfill the
first type of application. Repeater mode is for the second one.
Security
There are three types for security, Disable, WEP and
Pre-shared key. The setting you choose here will make the
following WEP or Pre-shared key field valid or not. Choose one
of the types for the router.
WEP
Check this box to use the same key set in Security Settings
page. If you did not set any key in Security Settings page, this
check box will be dimmed.
Pre-shared Key
Type – There are three types for you to choose. DrayTek
WPA can be used for all DrayTek wireless routers like
Vigor2700, Vigor2800, Vigor2820, and etc., except for other
brand's wireless routers. WPA and WPA2 are used for WDS
devices (e.g., AP700). For example, if you have a
wireless AP and a Vigor2820n wireless router, you can set the
encryption mode as WPA or WPA2 to establish your WDS
system between AP and the router.
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Key - Type 8 ~ 63 ASCII characters or 64 hexadecimal digits
leading by “0x”.
Bridge
If you choose Bridge as the connecting mode, please type in the
peer MAC address in these fields. Four peer MAC addresses are
allowed to be entered in this page at one time. Yet please
disable the unused link to get better performance. If you want to
invoke the peer MAC address, remember to check Enable box
in the front of the MAC address after typing.
Repeater
If you choose Repeater as the connecting mode, please type in
the peer MAC address in these fields. Four peer MAC addresses
are allowed to be entered in this page at one time. Similarly, if
you want to invoke the peer MAC address, remember to check
Enable box in the front of the MAC address after typing.
Access Point Function
Click Enable to make this router serving as an access point;
click Disable to cancel this function.
Status
It allows user to send “hello” message to peers. Yet, it is valid
only when the peer also supports this function.
3.13.7 Advanced Setting
This page allows users to set advanced settings such as operation mode, channel bandwidth,
guard interval, and aggregation MSDU for wireless data transmission.
Operation Mode
Mixed Mode – the router can transmit data with the ways
supported in both 802.11a/b/g and 802.11n standards. However,
the entire wireless transmission will be slowed down if 802.11g
or 802.11b wireless client is connected.
Green Field – to get the highest throughput, please choose such
mode. Such mode can make the data transmission happening
between 11n systems only. In addition, it does not have
protection mechanism to avoid the conflict with neighboring
devices of 802.11a/b/g.
Channel Bandwidth
20- the router will use 20Mhz for data transmission and
receiving between the AP and the stations.
20/40 – the router will use 20Mhz or 40Mhz for data
transmission and receiving according to the station capability.
Such channel can increase the performance for data transit.
Guard Interval
It is to assure the safety of propagation delays and reflections
for the sensitive digital data. If you choose auto as guard
interval, the AP router will choose short guard interval
(increasing the wireless performance) or long guard interval for
data transmit based on the station capability.
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Aggregation MSDU
Aggregation MSDU can combine frames with different sizes.
It is used for improving MAC layer’s performance for some
brand’s clients. The default setting is Enable.
3.13.8 WMM Configuration
WMM is an abbreviation of Wi-Fi Multimedia. It defines the priority levels for four access
categories derived from 802.1d (prioritization tabs). The categories are designed with specific
types of traffic, voice, video, best effort and low priority data. There are four accessing
categories - AC_BE , AC_BK, AC_VI and AC_VO for WMM.
APSD (automatic power-save delivery) is an enhancement over the power-save mechanisms
supported by Wi-Fi networks. It allows devices to take more time in sleeping state and
consume less power to improve the performance by minimizing transmission latency. Such
function is designed for mobile and cordless phones that support VoIP mostly.
WMM Capable
To apply WMM parameters for wireless data transmission,
please click the Enable radio button.
APSD Capable
The default setting is Disable.
Aifsn
It controls how long the client waits for each data transmission.
Please specify the value ranging from 1 to 15. Such parameter
will influence the time delay for WMM accessing categories.
For the service of voice or video image, please set small value
for AC_VI and AC_VO categories. As to the service of e-mail
or web browsing, please set large value for AC_BE and
AC_BK categories.
CWMin/CWMax
CWMin means contention Window-Min and CWMax means
contention Window-Max. Please specify the value ranging from
1 to 15. Be aware that CWMax value must be greater than
CWMin or equals to CWMin value. Both values will influence
the time delay for WMM accessing categories. The difference
between AC_VI and AC_VO categories must be smaller;
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however, the difference between AC_BE and AC_BK
categories must be greater.
Txop
It means transmission opportunity. For WMM categories of
AC_VI and AC_VO that need higher priorities in data
transmission, please set greater value for them to get highest
transmission opportunity. Specify the value ranging from 0 to
65535.
ACM
It is an abbreviation of Admission Control Mandatory. It can
restrict stations from using specific category class if it is
checked.
Note: Vigor2820 provides standard WMM configuration in the
web page. If you want to modify the parameters, please refer to
the Wi-Fi WMM standard specification.
AckPolicy
“Uncheck” (default value) the box means the AP router will
answer the response request while transmitting WMM packets
through wireless connection. It can assure that the peer must
receive the WMM packets.
“Check” the box means the AP router will not answer any
response request for the transmitting packets. It will have better
performance with lower reliability.
3.13.9 AP Discovery
Vigor router can scan all regulatory channels and find working APs in the neighborhood.
Based on the scanning result, users will know which channel is clean for usage. Also, it can be
used to facilitate finding an AP for a WDS link. Notice that during the scanning process (about
5 seconds), no client is allowed to connect to Vigor.
This page is used to scan the existence of the APs on the wireless LAN. Yet, only the AP
which is in the same channel of this router can be found. Please click Scan to discover all the
connected APs.
Scan
It is used to discover all the connected AP. The results will be
shown on the box above this button.
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Statistics
It displays the statistics for the channels used by APs.
Add to
If you want the found AP applying the WDS settings, please
type in the AP’s MAC address on the bottom of the page or
choose the AP MAC address from the Scan result field, and
click Bridge or Repeater. Next, click Add to. Later, the MAC
address of the AP will be added to Bridge or Repeater field of
WDS settings page.
3.13.10 Station List
Station List provides the knowledge of connecting wireless clients now along with its status
code. There is a code summary below for explanation. For convenient Access Control, you
can select a WLAN station and click Add to Access Control below.
Refresh
Click this button to refresh the status of station list.
Add
Click this button to add current selected MAC address into
Access Control.
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3.14 USB Application
USB diskette can be regarded as a server. By way of Vigor router, clients on LAN can access,
write and read data stored in USB diskette. After setting the configuration in USB
Application, you can type the IP address of the Vigor router and username/password created
in USB Application>>USB User Management on the client software. Thus, the client can
use the FTP site (USB diskette) or share the Samba service through Vigor router.
3.14.1 USB General Settings
This page will determine the number of concurrent FTP connection, default charset for FTP
server and enable Samba service. At present, the Vigor router can support USB diskette with
versions of FAT16 and FAT32 only. Therefore, before connecting the USB diskette into the
Vigor router, please make sure the memory format for the USB diskette is FAT16 or FAT32.
It is recommended for you to use FAT32 for viewing the filename completely (FAT16 cannot
support long filename).
General Settings
Simultaneous FTP Connection - This field is used to
specify the quantity of the FTP sessions. The router allows
up to 6 FTP sessions connecting to USB storage diskette at
one time.
Default Charset - At present, Vigor router supports three
types of character sets: default, GB2312 and BIG5.
Default Charset is for English based file name. For
Simplified Chinese file/directory names, please choose
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GB2312; for Traditional Chinese file/directory names,
choose BIG5.
Samba Service Settings
Click Enable to invoke samba service via the router.
NetBios Name Service
For the NetBios service of USB diskette, you have to
specify a workgroup name and a host name. A workgroup
name must not be the same as the host name. The
workgroup name can have as many as 15 characters and
the host name can have as many as 23 characters. Both
them cannot contain any of the following--- ; : " < > * + = \
| ?.
Workgroup Name – Type a name for the workgroup.
Host Name – Type the host name for the router.
3.14.2 USB User Management
This page allows you to set profiles for FTP/Samba users. Any user who wants to access into
the USB diskette must type the same username and password configured in this page. Before
adding or modifying settings in this page, please insert a USB diskette first. Otherwise, an
error message will appear to warn you.
Click index number to access into configuration page.
FTP/Samba User
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Enable – Click this button to activate this profile (account)
for FTP service or Samba User service. Later, the user can
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use the username specified in this page to login into FTP
server.
Disable – Click this button to disable such profile.
Username
Type the username for FTP/Samba users for accessing into FTP
server (USB diskette). Be aware that users cannot access into
USB diskette in anonymity. Later, you can open FTP client
software and type the username specified here for accessing
into USB storage diskette.
Note: “Admin” could not be typed here as username, for the
word is specified for accessing into web pages of Vigor router
only. Also, it is reserved for FTP firmware upgrade usage.
Password
Type the password for FTP/Samba users for accessing FTP
server. Later, you can open FTP client software and type the
password specified here for accessing into USB storage
diskette.
Confirm Password
Type the password again to make confirmation.
Home Folder
It determines the range for the client to access into.
The user can enter a directory name in this field. Then, after
clicking OK, the router will create the specific/new folder in the
USB diskette. In addition, if the user types “/” here, he/she can
access into all of the disk folders and files in USB diskette.
Note: When write protect status for the USB diskette is ON,
you cannot type any new folder name in this field. Only “/” can
be used in such case.
to open the following dialog to add any new
You can click
folder which can be specified as the Home Folder.
Access Rule
It determines the authority for such profile. Any user, who uses
such profile for accessing into USB diskette, must follow the
rule specified here.
File – Check the items (Read, Write and Delete) for such
profile.
Directory –Check the items (List, Create and Remove) for such
profile.
Before you click OK, you have to insert a USB diskette into the USB interface of the Vigor
router. Otherwise, you cannot save the configuration.
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3.14.3 File Explorer
To review the content of USB diskette via USB port of the router, please open USB
Application Explorer to browse the files.
Refresh
Click this icon to refresh files list.
Back
Click this icon to return to the upper directory.
Create
Click this icon to add a new folder.
Current Path
Display current folder.
Upload
Click this button to upload the selected file to the USB diskette.
The uploaded file in the USB diskette can be shared for other
user through FTP.
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3.14.4 Disk Status
This page is to monitor the status for the users who accessing into FTP or Samba server (USB
diskette) via the Vigor router. If you want to remove the diskette from USB port in router,
please click Disconnect USB Disk first. And then, remove the USB diskette later.
Connection Status
If there is no USB diskette connected to Vigor router, “No Disk
Connected” will be shown here.
Write Protect Status
Display current status if such USB disk is protected (data not
allowed to be written in) or not.
Disk Capacity
It displays the total capacity of the USB diskette.
Free Capacity
It displays the free space of the USB diskette. Click Refresh at
any time to get new status for free capacity.
Index
It displays the number of the client which connecting to FTP
server.
Service
It displays the server (FTP or SMB) that the client wants to
connect.
IP Address (Port)
It displays the IP address of the user’s host which connecting to
the FTP server.
Username
It displays the username that user uses to login to the FTP
server.
When you insert USB diskette into the Vigor router, the system will start to find out such
device within several seconds.
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3.15 System Maintenance
For the system setup, there are several items that you have to know the way of configuration:
Status, Administrator Password, Configuration Backup, Syslog, Time setup, Reboot System,
and Firmware Upgrade.
Below shows the menu items for System Maintenance.
3.15.1 System Status
The System Status provides basic network settings of Vigor router. It includes LAN and
WAN interface information. Also, you could get the current running firmware version or
firmware related information from this presentation.
Model Name
Display the model name of the router.
Firmware Version
Display the firmware version of the router.
Build Date/Time
Display the date and time of the current firmware build.
ADSL Firmware Version
Display the ADSL firmware version.
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MAC Address
Display the MAC address of the LAN Interface.
st
Display the IP address of the LAN interface.
st
1 Subnet Mask
Display the subnet mask address of the LAN interface.
DHCP Server
Display the current status of DHCP server of the LAN
interface.
DNS
Display the assigned IP address of the primary DNS.
1 IP Address
WAN------Link Status
Display current connection status.
MAC Address
Display the MAC address of the WAN Interface.
Connection
Display the connection type.
IP Address
Display the IP address of the WAN interface.
Default Gateway
Display the assigned IP address of the default gateway.
Wireless LAN------MAC Address
Display the MAC address of the wireless LAN.
Frequency Domain
It can be Europe (13 usable channels), USA (11 usable
channels) etc. The available channels supported by the
wireless products in different countries are various.
Firmware Version
It indicates information about equipped WLAN miniPCi
card. This also helps to provide availability of some
features that are bound with some WLAN miniPCi.
SSID
Display the SSID of the router.
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3.15.2 HTTPS Encryption Setup
This page allows you to choose different level of encryption algorithm for HTTPS connection
for the sake of security. Please click any one of the key algorithms and click OK.
3.15.3 TR-069
This device supports TR-069 standard. It is very convenient for an administrator to manage a
TR-069 device through an Auto Configuration Server, e.g., VigorACS.
ACS Server On
Choose the interface for the router connecting to ACS
server.
ACS Server
URL/Username/Password – Such data must be typed
according to the ACS (Auto Configuration Server) you
want to link. Please refer to Auto Configuration Server
user’s manual for detailed information.
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CPE Client
Such information is useful for Auto Configuration Server.
Enable/Disable – Allow/Deny the CPE Client to
connect with Auto Configuration Server.
Port – Sometimes, port conflict might be occurred.
To solve such problem, you might change port
number for CPE.
Periodic Inform Settings
The default setting is Enable. Please set interval time or
schedule time for the router to send notification to CPE. Or
click Disable to close the mechanism of notification.
3.15.4 Administrator Password
This page allows you to set new password.
Old Password
Type in the old password. The factory default setting for
password is blank.
New Password
Type in new password in this filed.
Confirm Password
Type in the new password again.
When you click OK, the login window will appear. Please use the new password to access into
the web configurator again.
3.15.5 Configuration Backup
Backup the Configuration
Follow the steps below to backup your configuration.
1.
Go to System Maintenance >> Configuration Backup. The following windows will be
popped-up, as shown below.
2.
Click Backup button to get into the following dialog. Click Save button to open another
dialog for saving configuration as a file.
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3.
In Save As dialog, the default filename is config.cfg. You could give it another name by
yourself.
4.
Click Save button, the configuration will download automatically to your computer as a
file named config.cfg.
The above example is using Windows platform for demonstrating examples. The Mac or
Linux platform will appear different windows, but the backup function is still available.
Note: Backup for Certification must be done independently. The Configuration Backup
does not include information of Certificate.
Restore Configuration
1.
Go to System Maintenance >> Configuration Backup. The following windows will be
popped-up, as shown below.
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2.
Click Browse button to choose the correct configuration file for uploading to the router.
3.
Click Restore button and wait for few seconds, the following picture will tell you that
the restoration procedure is successful.
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3.15.6 Syslog/Mail Alert
SysLog function is provided for users to monitor router. There is no bother to directly get into
the Web Configurator of the router or borrow debug equipments.
Enable
Check “Enable” to activate function of syslog.
Syslog Save to
Check Syslog Server to save the log to Syslog directly.
Check USB Disk to save the log to the attached USB
diskette.
Router Name
Type in the router name provided by ISP.
Server IP Address
The IP address of the Syslog server.
Destination Port
Assign a port for the Syslog protocol.
Enable syslog message
Check the box listed on this web page to send the
corresponding message of firewall, VPN, User Access,
Call, WAN, Router/DSL information to Syslog.
Enable (Mail Alert Setup)
Check “Enable” to activate function of mail alert.
Send a test e-mail
Make a simple test for the e-mail address specified in this
page. Please assign the mail address first and click this
button to execute a test for verify the mail address is
available or not.
SMTP Server
The IP address of the SMTP server.
Mail To
Assign a mail address for sending mails out.
Return-Path
Assign an e-mail address of another mailbox to accept all
returned messages if fatal problems occur at the recipient
mailbox.
The e-mail address typed here also acts as the Sender
address while Vigor sends out the alert e-mails.
Authentication
Check this box to activate this function while using e-mail
application.
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User Name
Type the user name for authentication.
Password
Type the password for authentication.
Enable E-mail Alert
Check the box to send alert message to the e-mail box
while the modem detecting the item(s) you specify here.
Click OK to save these settings.
For viewing the Syslog, please do the following:
1.
Just set your monitor PC’s IP address in the field of Server IP Address
2.
Install the Router Tools in the Utility within provided CD. After installation, click on the
Router Tools>>Syslog from program menu.
3.
From the Syslog screen, select the router you want to monitor. Be reminded that in
Network Information, select the network adapter used to connect to the router.
Otherwise, you won’t succeed in retrieving information from the router.
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3.15.7 Time and Date
It allows you to specify where the time of the router should be inquired from.
Current System Time
Click Inquire Time to get the current time.
Use Browser Time
Select this option to use the browser time from the remote
administrator PC host as router’s system time.
Use Internet Time
Select to inquire time information from Time Server on the
Internet using assigned protocol.
Server IP Address
Type the IP address of the time server.
Time Zone
Select the time zone where the router is located.
Automatically Update Interval
Select a time interval for updating from the NTP server.
Click OK to save these settings.
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3.15.8 Management
This page allows you to manage the settings for access control, access list, port setup, and
SMP setup. For example, as to management access control, the port number is used to
send/receive SIP message for building a session. The default value is 5060 and this must
match with the peer Registrar when making VoIP calls.
Router Name
Type in the router name provided by ISP.
Allow management from the
Internet
Enable the checkbox to allow system administrators to
login from the Internet. There are several servers
provided by the system to allow you managing the
router from Internet. Check the box(es) to specify.
Disable PING from the Internet Check the checkbox to reject all PING packets from the
Internet. For security issue, this function is enabled by default.
Access List
You could specify that the system administrator can only
login from a specific host or network defined in the list. A
maximum of three IPs/subnet masks is allowed.
List IP - Indicate an IP address allowed to login to the
router.
Subnet Mask - Represent a subnet mask allowed to login to
the router.
Default Ports
Check to use standard port numbers for the Telnet and
HTTP servers.
User Defined Ports
Check to specify user-defined port numbers for the Telnet,
HTTP and FTP servers.
Enable SNMP Agent
Check it to enable this function.
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Get Community
Set the name for getting community by typing a proper
character. The default setting is public.
Set Community
Set community by typing a proper name. The default
setting is private.
Manager Host IP
Set one host as the manager to execute SNMP function.
Please type in IP address to specify certain host.
Trap Community
Set trap community by typing a proper name. The default
setting is public.
Notification Host IP
Set the IP address of the host that will receive the trap
community.
Trap Timeout
The default setting is 10 seconds.
3.15.9 Reboot System
The Web Configurator may be used to restart your router. Click Reboot System from System
Maintenance to open the following page.
Index (1-15) in Schedule Setup - You can type in four sets of time schedule for performing
system reboot. All the schedules can be set previously in Applications >> Schedule web page
and you can use the number that you have set in that web page.
If you want to reboot the router using the current configuration, check Using current
configuration and click OK. To reset the router settings to default values, check Using
factory default configuration and click OK. The router will take 5 seconds to reboot the
system.
Note: When the system pops up Reboot System web page after you configure web settings,
please click OK to reboot your router for ensuring normal operation and preventing
unexpected errors of the router in the future.
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3.15.10 Firmware Upgrade
Before upgrading your router firmware, you need to install the Router Tools. The Firmware
Upgrade Utility is included in the tools. The following web page will guide you to upgrade
firmware by using an example. Note that this example is running over Windows OS
(Operating System).
Download the newest firmware from DrayTek's web site or FTP site. The DrayTek web site is
www.draytek.com (or local DrayTek's web site) and FTP site is ftp.draytek.com.
Click System Maintenance>> Firmware Upgrade to launch the Firmware Upgrade Utility.
Click OK. The following screen will appear. Please execute the firmware upgrade utility first.
For the detailed information about firmware update, please go to Chapter 4.
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3.15.11 Activation
There are three ways to activate WCF on vigor router, using Service Activation Wizard, by
means of CSM>>Web Content Filter Profile or via System Maintenance>>Activation.
After you have finished the setting profiles for WCF (refer to 3.6.3 Web Content Filter
Profile), it is the time to activate the mechanism for your computer.
Click System Maintenance>>Activation to open the following page for accessing
http://myvigor.draytek.com.
Activate via
Interface
Choose WAN interface used by such device for activating Web
Content Filter.
Activate
The Activate link brings you accessing into www.vigorpro.com to
finish the activation of the account and the router.
Authentication
Message
As for authentication information of web filter, the process of
authenticating will be displayed on this field for your reference.
Below shows the successful activation of Web Content Filter:
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Status
Display the mechanism (represented with code number, e.g.,
CT-CF) adopted by such router.
Start Date
Display the starting date of WCF license activated successfully.
Expire Date
Display the ending date of WCF license activated successfully.
Activate
Click this link to access into http://myvigor.draytek.com for
activating WCF function.
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3.16 Diagnostics
Diagnostic Tools provide a useful way to view or diagnose the status of your Vigor router.
Below shows the menu items for Diagnostics.
3.16.1 Dial-out Trigger
Click Diagnostics and click Dial-out Trigger to open the web page. The internet connection
(e.g., ISDN, PPPoE, PPPoA, etc) is triggered by a package sending from the source IP
address.
Decoded Format
It shows the source IP address (local), destination IP
(remote) address, the protocol and length of the package.
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
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3.16.2 Routing Table
Click Diagnostics and click Routing Table to open the web page.
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
3.16.3 ARP Cache Table
Click Diagnostics and click ARP Cache Table to view the content of the ARP (Address
Resolution Protocol) cache held in the router. The table shows a mapping between an Ethernet
hardware address (MAC Address) and an IP address.
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
Clear
Click it to clear the whole table.
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3.16.4 DHCP Table
The facility provides information on IP address assignments. This information is helpful in
diagnosing network problems, such as IP address conflicts, etc.
Click Diagnostics and click DHCP Table to open the web page.
Index
It displays the connection item number.
IP Address
It displays the IP address assigned by this router for
specified PC.
MAC Address
It displays the MAC address for the specified PC that
DHCP assigned IP address for it.
Leased Time
It displays the leased time of the specified PC.
HOST ID
It displays the host ID name of the specified PC.
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
3.16.5 NAT Sessions Table
Click Diagnostics and click NAT Sessions Table to open the setup page.
Private IP:Port
It indicates the source IP address and port of local PC.
#Pseudo Port
It indicates the temporary port of the router used for NAT.
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Peer IP:Port
It indicates the destination IP address and port of remote host.
Interface
It displays the representing number for different interface.
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
3.16.6 Ping Diagnosis
Click Diagnostics and click Ping Diagnosis to pen the web page.
Ping through
Use the drop down list to choose the WAN interface that you want to
ping through or choose Unspecified to be determined by the router
automatically.
Ping to
Use the drop down list to choose the destination that you want to
ping.
IP Address
Type in the IP address of the Host/IP that you want to ping.
Run
Click this button to start the ping work. The result will be displayed
on the screen.
Clear
Click this link to remove the result on the window.
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3.16.7 Data Flow Monitor
This page displays the running procedure for the IP address monitored and refreshes the data
in an interval of several seconds. The IP address listed here is configured in Bandwidth
Management. You have to enable IP bandwidth limit and IP session limit before invoke Data
Flow Monitor. If not, a notification dialog box will appear to remind you enabling it.
Click Diagnostics and click Data Flow Monitor to open the web page. You can click IP
Address, TX rate, RX rate or Session link for arranging the data display.
Enable Data Flow
Monitor
Check this box to enable this function.
Refresh Seconds
Use the drop down list to choose the time interval of refreshing data
flow that will be done by the system automatically.
Refresh
Click this link to refresh this page manually.
Index
Display the number of the data flow.
IP Address
Display the IP address of the monitored device.
TX rate (kbps)
Display the transmission speed of the monitored device.
RX rate (kbps)
Display the receiving speed of the monitored device.
Sessions
Display the session number that you specified in Limit Session web
page.
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Action
Block - can prevent specified PC accessing into Internet within 5
minutes.
Unblock – the device with the IP address will be blocked in five
minutes. The remaining time will be shown on the session column.
3.16.8 Traffic Graph
Click Diagnostics and click Traffic Graph to pen the web page. Choose WAN1
Bandwidth/WAN2 Bandwidth, Sessions, daily or weekly for viewing different traffic graph.
Click Refresh to renew the graph at any time.
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3.16.9 Trace Route
Click Diagnostics and click Trace Route to open the web page. This page allows you to trace
the routes from router to the host. Simply type the IP address of the host in the box and click
Run. The result of route trace will be shown on the screen.
Trace through
Use the drop down list to choose the WAN interface that you want to
ping through or choose Unspecified to be determined by the router
automatically.
Protocol
Choose a protocol (ICMP or UDP) for such route.
Host/IP Address
It indicates the IP address of the host.
Run
Click this button to start route tracing work.
Clear
Click this link to remove the result on the window.
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4
Application and Examples
4.1 Create a LAN-to-LAN Connection Between Remote Office
and Headquarter
The most common case is that you may want to connect to network securely, such as the
remote branch office and headquarter. According to the network structure as shown in the
below illustration, you may follow the steps to create a LAN-to-LAN profile. These two
networks (LANs) should NOT have the same network address.
Settings in Router A in headquarter:
1.
Go to VPN and Remote Access and select Remote Access Control to enable the
necessary VPN service and click OK.
2.
Then,
For using PPP based services, such as PPTP, L2TP, you have to set general settings in
PPP General Setup.
For using IPSec-based service, such as IPSec or L2TP with IPSec Policy, you have to set
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general settings in IPSec General Setup, such as the pre-shared key that both parties
have known.
3.
Go to LAN-to-LAN. Click on one index number to edit a profile.
4.
Set Common Settings as shown below. You should enable both of VPN connections
because any one of the parties may start the VPN connection.
5.
Set Dial-Out Settings as shown below to dial to connect to Router B aggressively with
the selected Dial-Out method.
If an IPSec-based service is selected, you should further specify the remote peer IP
Address, IKE Authentication Method and IPSec Security Method for this Dial-Out
connection.
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If a PPP-based service is selected, you should further specify the remote peer IP Address,
Username, Password, PPP Authentication and VJ Compression for this Dial-Out
connection.
6.
Set Dial-In settings to as shown below to allow Router B dial-in to build VPN
connection.
If an IPSec-based service is selected, you may further specify the remote peer IP
Address, IKE Authentication Method and IPSec Security Method for this Dial-In
connection. Otherwise, it will apply the settings defined in IPSec General Setup above.
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If a PPP-based service is selected, you should further specify the remote peer IP Address,
Username, Password, and VJ Compression for this Dial-In connection.
7.
At last, set the remote network IP/subnet in TCP/IP Network Settings so that Router A
can direct the packets destined to the remote network to Router B via the VPN
connection.
Settings in Router B in the remote office:
1.
Go to VPN and Remote Access and select Remote Access Control to enable the
necessary VPN service and click OK.
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2.
Then, for using PPP based services, such as PPTP, L2TP, you have to set general
settings in PPP General Setup.
For using IPSec-based service, such as IPSec or L2TP with IPSec Policy, you have to
set general settings in IPSec General Setup, such as the pre-shared key that both parties
have known.
3.
Go to LAN-to-LAN. Click on one index number to edit a profile.
4.
Set Common Settings as shown below. You should enable both of VPN connections
because any one of the parties may start the VPN connection.
5.
Set Dial-Out Settings as shown below to dial to connect to Router B aggressively with
the selected Dial-Out method.
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If an IPSec-based service is selected, you should further specify the remote peer IP
Address, IKE Authentication Method and IPSec Security Method for this Dial-Out
connection.
If a PPP-based service is selected, you should further specify the remote peer IP Address,
Username, Password, PPP Authentication and VJ Compression for this Dial-Out
connection.
6.
Set Dial-In settings to as shown below to allow Router A dial-in to build VPN
connection.
If an IPSec-based service is selected, you may further specify the remote peer IP
Address, IKE Authentication Method and IPSec Security Method for this Dial-In
connection. Otherwise, it will apply the settings defined in IPSec General Setup above.
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If a PPP-based service is selected, you should further specify the remote peer IP Address,
Username, Password, and VJ Compression for this Dial-In connection.
7.
At last, set the remote network IP/subnet in TCP/IP Network Settings so that Router B
can direct the packets destined to the remote network to Router A via the VPN
connection.
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4.2 Create a Remote Dial-in User Connection Between the
Teleworker and Headquarter
The other common case is that you, as a teleworker, may want to connect to the enterprise
network securely. According to the network structure as shown in the below illustration, you
may follow the steps to create a Remote User Profile and install Smart VPN Client on the
remote host.
Settings in VPN Router in the enterprise office:
1.
Go to VPN and Remote Access and select Remote Access Control to enable the
necessary VPN service and click OK.
2.
Then, for using PPP based services, such as PPTP, L2TP, you have to set general settings
in PPP General Setup.
For using IPSec-based service, such as IPSec or L2TP with IPSec Policy, you have to set
general settings in IKE/IPSec General Setup, such as the pre-shared key that both
parties have known.
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3.
Go to Remote Dial-In User. Click on one index number to edit a profile.
4.
Set Dial-In settings to as shown below to allow the remote user dial-in to build VPN
connection.
If an IPSec-based service is selected, you may further specify the remote peer IP
Address, IKE Authentication Method and IPSec Security Method for this Dial-In
connection. Otherwise, it will apply the settings defined in IPSec General Setup above.
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If a PPP-based service is selected, you should further specify the remote peer IP Address,
Username, Password, and VJ Compression for this Dial-In connection.
Settings in the remote host:
1.
For Win98/ME, you may use "Dial-up Networking" to create the PPTP tunnel to Vigor
router. For Win2000/XP/Vista, please use "Network and Dial-up connections" or “Smart
VPN Client”, complimentary software to help you create PPTP, L2TP, and L2TP over
IPSec tunnel. You can find it in CD-ROM in the package or go to www.draytek.com
download center. Install as instructed.
2.
After successful installation, for the first time user, you should click on the Step 0.
Configure button. Reboot the host.
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3.
In Step 2. Connect to VPN Server, click Insert button to add a new entry.
If an IPSec-based service is selected as shown below,
You may further specify the method you use to get IP, the security method, and
authentication method. If the Pre-Shared Key is selected, it should be consistent with the
one set in VPN router.
If a PPP-based service is selected, you should further specify the remote VPN server IP
address, Username, Password, and encryption method. The User Name and Password
should be consistent with the one set up in the VPN router. To use default gateway on
remote network means that all the packets of remote host will be directed to VPN server
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then forwarded to Internet. This will make the remote host seem to be working in the
enterprise network.
4.
Click Connect button to build connection. When the connection is successful, you will
find a green light on the right down corner.
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4.3 QoS Setting Example
Assume a teleworker sometimes works at home and takes care of children. When working
time, he would use Vigor router at home to connect to the server in the headquarter office
downtown via either HTTPS or VPN to check email and access internal database. Meanwhile,
children may chat on Skype in the restroom.
1.
Go to Bandwidth Management>>Quality of Service.
2.
Click Setup link of WAN 1. Make sure the QoS Control on the left corner is checked.
And select BOTH in Direction.
3.
Return to previous page. Enter the Name of Index Class 1 by clicking Edit link. Type the
name “E-mail” for Class 1.
4.
For this index, the user will set reserved bandwidth (e.g., 25%) for E-mail using protocol
POP3 and SMTP.
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5.
Return to previous page. Enter the Name of Index Class 2 by clicking Edit link. In this
index, the user will set reserved bandwidth for HTTPS. And click OK.
6.
Click Setup link for WAN1.
7.
Check Enable UDP Bandwidth Control on the bottom to prevent enormous UDP traffic
of VoIP influent other application. Click OK.
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8.
If the worker has connected to the headquarter using host to host VPN tunnel. (Please
refer to Chapter 3 VPN for detail instruction), he may set up an index for it. Enter the
Class Name of Index 3. In this index, he will set reserved bandwidth for 1 VPN tunnel.
9.
Click Edit to open the following window. Check the ACT box, first.
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10. Then click Edit of Local Address to set a worker’s subnet address. Click Edit of
Remote Address to set headquarter’s IP address. Leave other fields and click OK.
4.4 LAN – Created by Using NAT
An example of default setting and the corresponding deployment are shown below. The
default Vigor router private IP address/Subnet Mask is 192.168.1.1/255.255.255.0. The built-in
DHCP server is enabled so it assigns every local NATed host an IP address of 192.168.1.x
starting from 192.168.1.10.
You can just set the settings wrapped inside the red rectangles to fit the request of NAT usage.
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To use another DHCP server in the network rather than the built-in one of Vigor Router, you
have to change the settings as show below.
You can just set the settings wrapped inside the red rectangles to fit the request of NAT usage.
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4.5 Calling Scenario for VoIP function
4.5.1 Calling via SIP Sever
Example 1: Both John and David have SIP Addresses from different service providers.
John’s SIP URL: 1234@draytel.org, David’s SIP URL: 4321@iptel.org
Settings for John
DialPlan index 1
Phone Number: 1111
Display Name: David
SIP URL: 4321@iptel.org
SIP Accounts Settings --Profile Name: draytel1
Register via: Auto
SIP Port: 5060 (default)
Domain/Realm: draytel.org
Proxy: draytel.org
Act as outbound proxy:
unhecked
Display Name: John
Account Number/Name: 1234
Authentication ID: unchecked
Password: ****
Expiry Time: (use default value)
CODEC/RTP/DTMF --(Use default value)
John calls David --He picks up the phone and dials 1111#. (DialPlan
Phone Number for David)
Settings for David
DialPlan index 1
Phone Number:2222
Display Name: John
SIP URL:1234@draytel.org
SIP Accounts Settings --Profile Name: iptel 1
Register via: Auto
SIP Port: 5060(default)
Domain/Realm: iptel.org
Proxy: iptel.org
Act as outbound proxy:
unchecked
Display Name: David
Account Name: 4321
Authentication ID: unchecked
Password: ****
Expiry Time: (use default value)
CODEC/RTP/DTMF --(Use default value)
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David calls John
He picks up the phone and dials 2222# (DialPlan
Phone Number for John)
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Example 2: Both John and David have SIP Addresses from the same service provider.
John’s SIP URL: 1234@draytel.org , David’s SIP URL: 4321@draytel.org
Settings for John
DialPlan index 1
Phone Number: 1111
Display Name: David
SIP URL: 4321@draytel.org
SIP Accounts Settings --Profile Name: draytel 1
Register via: Auto
SIP Port: 5060 (default)
Domain/Realm: draytel.org
Proxy: draytel.org
Act as outbound proxy: unchecked
Display Name: John
Account Number/Name: 1234
Authentication ID: unchecked
Password: ****
Expiry Time: (use default value)
CODEC/RTP/DTMF --(Use default value)
John calls David
He picks up the phone and dials 1111#. (DialPlan
Phone Number for David)
Or,
He picks up the phone and dials 4321#. (David’s
Account Name)
Settings for David
DialPlan index 1
Phone Number:2222
Display Name: John
SIP URL:1234@draytel.org
SIP Accounts Settings --Profile Name: John
Register via: Auto
SIP Port: 5060(default)
Domain/Realm: draytel.org
Proxy: iptel.org
Act as outbound proxy: unchecked
Display Name: David
Account Name: 4321
Authentication ID: unchecked
Password: ****
Expiry Time: (use default value)
CODEC/RTP/DTMF--(Use default value)
David calls John
He picks up the phone and dials 2222# (DialPlan
Phone Number for John) Or,
He picks up the phone and dials 1234# (John’s
Account Name)
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4.5.2 Peer-to-Peer Calling
Example 3: Arnor and Paulin have Vigor routers respectively, they can call each other without
SIP Registrar. First they must have each other’s IP address and assign an Account Name for
the port used for calling.
Arnor’s SIP URL: 1234@214.61.172.53
Paulin’s SIP URL: 4321@ 203.69.175.24
Settings for Arnor
DialPlan index 1
Phone Number: 1111
Display Name: paulin
SIP URL: 4321@ 203.69.175.24
SIP Accounts Settings --Profile Name: Paulin
Register via: None
SIP Port: 5060(default)
Domain/Realm: (blank)
Proxy: (blank)
Act as outbound proxy: unchecked
Display Name: Arnor
Account Name: 1234
Authentication ID: unchecked
Password: (blank)
Expiry Time: (use default value)
CODEC/RTP/DTMF--(Use default value)
Arnor calls Paulin
He picks up the phone and dials 1111#. (DialPlan
Phone Number for Arnor)
Settings for Paulin
DialPlan index 1
Phone Number:2222
Display Name: Arnor
SIP URL: 1234@214.61.172.53
SIP Accounts Settings --Profile Name: Arnor
Register via: None
SIP Port: 5060(default)
Domain/Realm: (blank)
Proxy: (blank)
Act as outbound proxy: unchecked
Display Name: Paulin
Account Name: 4321
Authentication ID: unchecked
Password: (blank)
Expiry Time: (use default value)
CODEC/RTP/DTMF--(Use default value)
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Paulin calls Arnor
He picks up the phone and dials 2222# (DialPlan
Phone Number for John)
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4.6 Upgrade Firmware for Your Router
Before upgrading your router firmware, you need to install the Router Tools. The file
RTSxxx.exe will be asked to copy onto your computer. Remember the place of storing the
execution file.
1. Go to www.draytek.com.
2. Access into Support >> Downloads. Please find out Firmware menu and click it. Search
the model you have and click on it to download the newly update firmware for your
router.
3. Access into Support >> Downloads. Please find out Utility menu and click it.
4. Click on the link of Router Tools to download the file. After downloading the files,
please decompressed the file onto your host.
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5. Double click on the router tool icon. The setup wizard will appear.
6. Follow the onscreen instructions to install the tool. Finally, click Finish to end the
installation.
7. From the Start menu, open Programs and choose Router Tools XXX >> Firmware
Upgrade Utility.
8. Type in your router IP, usually 192.168.1.1.
9. Click the button to the right side of Firmware file typing box. Locate the files that you
download from the company web sites. You will find out two files with different
extension names, xxxx.all (keep the old custom settings) and xxxx.rst (reset all the
custom settings to default settings). Choose any one of them that you need.
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10. Click Send.
11. Now the firmware update is finished.
4.7 Request a certificate from a CA server on Windows CA
Server
1.
Go to Certificate Management and choose Local Certificate.
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2.
You can click GENERATE button to start to edit a certificate request. Enter the
information in the certificate request.
3.
Copy and save the X509 Local Certificate Requet as a text file and save it for later use.
4.
Connect to CA server via web browser. Follow the instruction to submit the request.
Below we take a Windows 2000 CA server for example. Select Request a Certificate.
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Select Advanced request.
Select Submit a certificate request a base64 encoded PKCS #10 file or a renewal
request using a base64 encoded PKCS #7 file
Import the X509 Local Certificate Requet text file. Select Router (Offline request) or
IPSec (Offline request) below.
Then you have done the request and the server now issues you a certificate. Select Base
64 encoded certificate and Download CA certificate. Now you should get a certificate
(.cer file) and save it.
5.
Back to Vigor router, go to Local Certificate. Click IMPORT button and browse the
file to import the certificate (.cer file) into Vigor router. When finished, click refresh and
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you will find the below window showing “------BEGINE CERTIFICATE------.....”
6.
You may review the detail information of the certificate by clicking View button.
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4.8 Request a CA Certificate and Set as Trusted on Windows CA
Server
1.
Use web browser connecting to the CA server that you would like to retrieve its CA
certificate. Click Retrive the CA certificate or certificate recoring list.
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2.
In Choose file to download, click CA Certificate Current and Base 64 encoded, and
Download CA certificate to save the .cer. file.
3.
Back to Vigor router, go to Trusted CA Certificate. Click IMPORT button and browse
the file to import the certificate (.cer file) into Vigor router. When finished, click refresh
and you will find the below illustration.
4.
You may review the detail information of the certificate by clicking View button.
Note: Before setting certificate configuration, please go to System Maintenance >> Time
and Date to reset current time of the router first.
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4.9 Creating an Account for MyVigor
The website of MyVigor (a server located on http://myvigor.draytek.com) provides several
useful services (such as Anti-Spam, Web Content Filter, Anti-Intrusion, and etc.) to filtering
the web pages for the sake of protecting your system.
To access into MyVigor for getting more information, please create an account for MyVigor.
4.9.1 Creating an Account via Vigor Router
1. Click CSM>> Web Content Filter Profile. The following page will appear.
Or
Click System Maintenance>>Activation to open the following page.
2. Click the Activate link. A login page for MyVigor web site will pop up automatically.
3. Click the link of Create an account now.
4. Check to confirm that you accept the Agreement and click Accept.
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5. Type your personal information in this page and then click Continue.
6. Choose proper selection for your computer and click Continue.
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7. Now you have created an account successfully. Click START.
8. Check to see the confirmation email with the title of New Account Confirmation
Letter from myvigor.draytek.com.
9. Click the Activate my Account link to enable the account that you created. The following
screen will be shown to verify the register process is finished. Please click Login.
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10. When you see the following page, please type in the account and password (that you just
created) in the fields of UserName and Password.
11. Now, click Login. Your account has been activated. You can access into MyVigor server
to activate the service (e.g., WCF) that you want.
4.9.2 Creating an Account via MyVigor Web Site
1. Access into http://myvigor.draytek.com. Find the line of Not registered yet?. Then, click
the link Click here! to access into next page.
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2. Check to confirm that you accept the Agreement and click Accept.
3. Type your personal information in this page and then click Continue.
4. Choose proper selection for your computer and click Continue.
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5. Now you have created an account successfully. Click START.
6. Check to see the confirmation email with the title of New Account Confirmation
Letter from myvigor.draytek.com.
7. Click the Activate my Account link to enable the account that you created. The following
screen will be shown to verify the register process is finished. Please click Login.
8. When you see the following page, please type in the account and password (that you just
created) in the fields of UserName and Password. Then type the code in the box of Auth
Code according to the value displayed on the right side of it.
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Now, click Login. Your account has been activated. You can access into MyVigor server to
activate the service (e.g., WCF) that you want
4.10 How to use mOTP feature through the router and iPhone
Draytek provides one-time password support for build-in PPTP and L2TP connection. All
Draytek customers can use one-time password to authenticate VPN connections.
To generate a one-time password, the user has to enter his personal PIN code into the device.
The authentication is based on two factors: the token device and the PIN code.
There are many one-time password clients for the iPhone, such as mOTP, iOTP or CitrusOTP.
Here we will introduce mOTP (mobile OneTimePasswords), which may be downloaded from
the following links.
http://appshopper.com/utilities/motp-mobile-onetimepasswords
http://iphone.wareseeker.com/motp-mobile-onetimepasswords.app/42f14b91b3
Note: The above downloading links may be invalid in the future. Searching “iphone
Mobile-OTP” with Google, you may find more resources.
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For the user, please perform the steps listed below for one time.
1.
Suppose that mOTP has been successfully installed on your iPhone (we will not
introduce the installation here). Open it and press the button Generate Secret to
initialize your secret key. Don’t do this if there already is a secret key existed, otherwise
it will re-initialize your secret key.
2.
Shake your iPhone to generate a random secret key.
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3.
Keep this secret key down and report it to your administrator. In this example the secret
key is e759bb6f0e94c7ab4fe689ebf00c5202.
4.
Make sure the system time of your iPhone is correct. Once the Secret Key is generated
and your system time is synced, mOTP is ready to generate one time password.
For the administrator, please do the following:
1.
Setup a remote-dial-in VPN profile and check Enable Mobile One-Time Passwords
(mOTP). Setup a username. Setup a PIN code (e.g., 1111) which can be 4 to 7 numbers.
Enter the secret key (e.g., e759bb6f0e94c7ab4fe689ebf00c5202) which is generated and
got from the end user.
Note: Both the PIN Code and Secret will be hidden with ‘*’ after you press the OK
button.
2.
Make sure the system time on Draytek router is correct.
3.
Inform the end user of the Username and PIN code.
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Below steps are for end user to dial the VPN connection. Each time you start a new VPN
connection, you must perform the following steps to generate a valid password.
1.
2.
Open mOTP. Enter the PIN code. In this example it is 1111. Then press “Generate
Password”.
Note: Each time you enter the PIN code you will get a different password.
Here the password is 3dcecd.
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3.
Enter the password on your VPN client and start the connection as soon as possible. The
password is valid only for 1 minute.
4.
When the connection is dropped, you must generate a new password then redial the
connection.
Summary:
1. End user generates a secret key and reports it to the administrator.
2. Administrator enters this secret key in a teleworker profile.
3. Administrator setups a username and PIN code and provides them to the ender user.
4. End user uses the PIN code to generate a password.
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5
Trouble Shooting
This section will guide you to solve abnormal situations if you cannot access into the Internet
after installing the router and finishing the web configuration. Please follow sections below to
check your basic installation status stage by stage.
z
Checking if the hardware status is OK or not.
z
Checking if the network connection settings on your computer are OK or not.
z
Pinging the router from your computer.
z
Checking if the ISP settings are OK or not.
z
Backing to factory default setting if necessary.
If all above stages are done and the router still cannot run normally, it is the time for you to
contact your dealer for advanced help.
5.1 Checking If the Hardware Status Is OK or Not
Follow the steps below to verify the hardware status.
1.
Check the power line and WLAN/LAN cable connections.
Refer to “1.3 Hardware Installation” for details.
2.
Turn on the router. Make sure the ACT LED blink once per second and the
correspondent LAN LED is bright.
3.
If not, it means that there is something wrong with the hardware status. Simply back to
“1.3 Hardware Installation” to execute the hardware installation again. And then, try
again.
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5.2 Checking If the Network Connection Settings on Your
Computer Is OK or Not
Sometimes the link failure occurs due to the wrong network connection settings. After trying
the above section, if the link is stilled failed, please do the steps listed below to make sure the
network connection settings is OK.
For Windows
The example is based on Windows XP. As to the examples for other operation
systems, please refer to the similar steps or find support notes in
www.draytek.com.
1.
Go to Control Panel and then double-click on Network Connections.
2.
Right-click on Local Area Connection and click on Properties.
3.
Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and then click Properties.
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4.
Select Obtain an IP address automatically and Obtain DNS server address
automatically.
For MacOs
1.
Double click on the current used MacOs on the desktop.
2.
Open the Application folder and get into Network.
3.
On the Network screen, select Using DHCP from the drop down list of Configure IPv4.
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5.3 Pinging the Router from Your Computer
The default gateway IP address of the router is 192.168.1.1. For some reason, you might need
to use “ping” command to check the link status of the router. The most important thing is
that the computer will receive a reply from 192.168.1.1. If not, please check the IP address
of your computer. We suggest you setting the network connection as get IP automatically.
(Please refer to the section 5.2)
Please follow the steps below to ping the router correctly.
For Windows
1.
Open the Command Prompt window (from Start menu> Run).
2.
Type command (for Windows 95/98/ME) or cmd (for Windows NT/2000/XP/Vista).
The DOS command dialog will appear.
3.
Type ping 192.168.1.1 and press [Enter]. If the link is OK, the line of “Reply from
192.168.1.1:bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=255” will appear.
4.
If the line does not appear, please check the IP address setting of your computer.
For MacOs (Terminal)
1.
Double click on the current used MacOs on the desktop.
2.
Open the Application folder and get into Utilities.
3.
Double click Terminal. The Terminal window will appear.
4.
Type ping 192.168.1.1 and press [Enter]. If the link is OK, the line of “64 bytes from
192.168.1.1: icmp_seq=0 ttl=255 time=xxxx ms” will appear.
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5.4 Checking If the ISP Settings are OK or Not
Click WAN>> Internet Access and then check whether the ISP settings are set correctly.
Click WAN1 or WAN2 link to review the settings that you configured previously.
For PPPoE Users
1.
Check if the Enable option is selected.
2.
Check if Username and Password are entered with correct values that you got from
your ISP.
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For MPoA Users
1.
Check if the Enable option is selected.
2.
Check if DSL Modem Settings is set appropriately.
Check if IP Address, Subnet Mask and Gateway are set correctly (must identify with
the values from your ISP) if you choose Specify an IP address.
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For Static/Dynamic IP Users
1.
Check if the Enable option is selected.
2.
Check if IP address, Subnet Mask and Gateway are entered with correct values that
you got from your ISP.
For PPTP/L2TP Users
1.
Check if the Enable option for PPTP/L2TP Link is selected.
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2.
Check if PPTP Server, Username, Password and WAN IP address are set correctly
(must identify with the values from your ISP).
5.5 Problems for 3G Network Connection
When you have trouble in using 3G network transmission, please check the following:
Check if USB LED lights on or off
You have to wait about 15 seconds after inserting 3G USB Modem into your Vigor2820. Later,
the USB LED will light on which means the installation of USB Modem is successful. If the
USB LED does not light on, please remove and reinsert the modem again. If it still fails,
restart Vigor2820.
USB LED lights on but the network connection does not work
Check the PIN Code of SIM card is disabled or not. Please use the utility of 3G USB Modem
to disable PIN code and try again. If it still fails, it might be the compliance problem of system.
Please open DrayTek Syslog Tool to capture the connection information (WAN Log) and send
the page (similar to the following graphic) to the service center of DrayTek.
Transmission Rate is not fast enough
Please connect your Notebook with 3G USB Modem to test the connection speed to verify if
the problem is caused by Vigor2820. In addition, please refer to the manual of 3G USB
Modem for LED Status to make sure if the modem connects to Internet via HSDPA mode. If
you want to use the modem indoors, please put it on the place near the window to obtain better
signal receiving.
5.6 Backing to Factory Default Setting If Necessary
Sometimes, a wrong connection can be improved by returning to the default settings. Try to
reset the router by software or hardware.
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Warning: After pressing factory default setting, you will loose all settings you did
before. Make sure you have recorded all useful settings before you pressing. The
password of factory default is null.
Software Reset
You can reset the router to factory default via Web page.
Go to System Maintenance and choose Reboot System on the web page. The following
screen will appear. Choose Using factory default configuration and click OK. After few
seconds, the router will return all the settings to the factory settings.
Hardware Reset
While the router is running (ACT LED blinking), press the Factory Reset button and hold for
more than 5 seconds. When you see the ACT LED blinks rapidly, please release the button.
Then, the router will restart with the default configuration.
After restore the factory default setting, you can configure the settings for the router again to
fit your personal request.
5.7 Contacting Your Dealer
If the router still cannot work correctly after trying many efforts, please contact your dealer for
further help right away. For any questions, please feel free to send e-mail to
support@draytek.com.
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Appendix: Hardware
Specifications
Temperature
Operating : 0°C ~ 45°C
Storage : -25°C ~ 70°C
Humidity
10% ~ 90% ( non-condensing )
Max. Power Consumption
10 Watt
Dimension
L241 * W165 * H44
Power
DC 12V ~ 15V
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