ATSC/DVB-3
2U Digital Stereo Speaker Monitor
(Document P/N 821507, Rev-D)
with AC-3 and AES/EBU Inputs on
XLR and BNC, Selected Digital to Analog
Outputs on XLR, Six 53-Segment
Level Meters, and Phase Indication
User Manual
CONTENTS
Title and Contents ........................................................ 1
Introduction
.......................................................................... 2
Section 1: Features, Specs, and Installation ...... 3
Description and Features ....................................................... 4
Applications and Specifications .............................................. 5
Installation ............................................................................. 6
Section 2: Operation .................................................... 7
Front Panel Features .............................................................. 8
Rear Panel Features ............................................................... 12
Audio Amplifier and Speaker Configuration ........................... 14
Balance Control Characteristics .............................................. 14
Section 3: Technical Information ............................ 15
General Technical information ............................................... 16
Level Meter Description and Specifications................................. 17
ATSC/DVB-3 Block Diagram .................................................. 18
© 2005 Wohler Technologies Inc. ALL rights reserved
1
Important Safety Instructions
1)
Read these instructions.
2)
Keep these instructions.
3)
Heed all warnings.
4)
Follow all instructions.
5)
Do not use this apparatus near water.
6)
Clean only with dry cloth.
7)
Do not block any ventilation openings. Install in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
8)
Do not install near any heat source such as radiators, heat registers, stoves, or other apparatus (including
amplifiers) that produce heat.
9)
Do not defeat the safety purpose of the polarized or grounding-type plug. A polarized plug has two blades
with one wider than the other. A grounding type plug has two blades and a third grounding prong. The
wide blade or the third prong are provided for your safety. If the provided plug does not fit into your outlet,
consult an electrician for replacement of the obsolete outlet.
10) Protect the power cord from being walked on or pinched, particularly at plugs convenience receptacles
and the point where they exit from the apparatus.
11) Only use attachments/accessories specified by the manufacturer.
12) Use only with the cart stand, tripod, bracket, or table specified by the manufacturer, or sold with the
apparatus. When a cart is used, use caution when moving the cart/apparatus combination to avoid injury
from tip-over.
13) Unplug this apparatus during lightning storms or when unused for long periods of time.
14) Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel. Servicing is required when the apparatus has been
damaged in any way, such as when power-supply cord or plug is damaged, liquid has been spilled or
objects have fallen into the apparatus, the apparatus has been exposed to rain or moisture, does not
operate normally, or has been dropped.
15) Do not expose this apparatus to rain or moisture.
16) The apparatus shall be connected to a mains socket outlet with a protective earthing connection.
CAUTION!
In products featuring an audio amplifier and speakers, the surface at the side of the
unit, where the audio amplifier heat sink is internally attached, may get very hot after
extended operation. When operating the unit excercise caution when touching this
surface and ensure that external materials which may be adversely affected by heat
are not in contact with it. There is a Hot Surface label (see diagram) attached to the
aforementioned surface of the product.
Introduction
Congratulations on your selection of a Wohler Technologies product. We are confident it represents the best performance and value
available, and we guarantee your satisfaction with it.
If you have questions or comments you may contact us at:
Wohler Technologies, Inc.
31055 Huntwood Avenue
Hayward, CA 94544
Phone: (510) 870-0810
Fax: (510) 870-0811
US Toll-Free: 1-888-596-4537
www.wohler.com
2
support@wohler.com
© 2007 Wohler Technologies, Inc. ALL rights reserved
ATSC/DVB-3 User Manual P/N 821507 Rev-D
Sect. 1: General Features and Specifications
Section 1
General Features, Specifications,
and Installation
Description
Features
Applications
General Specifications
Installation
© 2005 Wohler Technologies Inc. ALL rights reserved
3
ATSC/DVB-3 User Manual P/N 821507 Rev-D
Section 1: General Features, Specifications, and Installation
ATSC/DVB-3
Powered Digital Audio Monitor Unit
ATSC/DVB-3 Front Panel
Description
The ATSC/DVB-3 is a powered stereo monitor designed specifically for flexible, comprehensive monitoring of the six audio channels
associcated with ATSC/DVB programming. The unit is 2RU in size, for excellent fidelity without using excessive rackspace in the critical
"operating zone" of rack bays and consoles.
The ATSC/DVB-3 accepts AES/EBU and/or Dolby Digital® ( AC-3) input signals providing capabilities to handle monitoring requirements
throughout the facility.
The speakers and amplifiers are arranged in the popular Wohler “biamp summed bass stereo” configuration: bass frequencies from ALL
selected channels are summed into a 20W amplifier, which drives the woofer. The two side channel amplifiers and speakers reproduce, in
stereo, only the mid- and high- frequencies. Note that the center speaker (the woofer) is NOT a dedicated Center nor LFE speaker. There is
also a headphone output, which mutes the speakers while in use.
High-resolution, wide-range LED bargraph level meters are provided for all six channels for very accurate metering. 53 bicolor segments
spanning a range of 65 or 90 dB simultaneously display signal levels according to both the PPM and VU standards. An adjustable-duration
hold of the peak PPM value may also be displayed.
Both Left/Right and Front/Surround "Phase"/Polarity LED indications are provided to alert of possible cancellation from mixdown in any
likely home playback situation.
To isolate possible faults, rotary switches let the operator route any one or pair of inputs to left and right speaker channels for acoustic
monitoring. A toggle switch mixes all six channels down to two for listening to all channels at once.
Features
• 2U high: highest fidelity in minimum rackspace
• Pro-16 signal select switch and indication LED
• AES/EBU, or encoded ATSC/MPEG-2 (Dolby
Digital®) inputs on BNC and XLR connectors
• Left/Right Front “phase" indicators
• Simultaneous visual monitoring of all 6 channels
• Select any channel or pair of channels for isolated
listening, or a stereo mixdown of all 6 channels
• 53-segment tri-color, wide-range, high-resolution
LED bargraph level meters
• Selected channel analog outputs on XLR connectors
• SDI and AES Status Indication LEDs
4
• Headphone output
© 2005 Wohler Technologies Inc. ALL rights reserved
ATSC/DVB-3 User Manual P/N 821507 Rev-D
Section 1: General Features, Specifications, and Installation
Applications
The ATSC/DVB-3 is ideally suited for use in VTR bays, mobile production vehicles, teleconferencing installations, multimedia
systems, satellite links and cable TV facilities, and on-air radio studios. Designed and manufactured in the U.S., the ATSC/DVB-3
is backed by a strong warranty and a satisfaction guaranteed return policy.
ATSC/MPEG-3 Input Specifications
General Specifications
Input Meter Dynamics:
Simultaneous VU (bar) and PPM (dot)
Input Level for Maximum
Output (Volume Full On):
0 dBv balanced
Input Overload:
+26 dBv balanced
Peak Acoustic Output
(@ 2 ft.):
Response, Sixth Octave:
Power output,
Ω):
RMS Each Side (4Ω
Ω):
RMS Bass (4Ω
Distortion, Electrical:
104 dB SPL
80 Hz - 16 kHz ± 5 dB)
(-10 dB @ 40 Hz, 20 kHZ)
Minimum input level:
250 mv
Playback mode:
“Line”
Input connector:
BNC
Input characteristics:
Minimum input level:
14 W transient / 10 W continuous
35 W transient / 25 W continuous
6% or less at worst case frequencies
above 120 Hz, including cabinet
resonance; typically less than 1.5%
Hum and Noise:
75Ω (ohm) unbalanced
AES/EBU Input Specifications
Less than 0.15% at any level below
limit threshold
Distortion, Acoustic:
Input impedance:
Better than -68 dB below full output
Magnetic shielding:
Less
than 0.8 Gauss any adjacent
Medium-size
Segments
Medium-sizesurface
Segments
Conversion data width:
20 bit
Dynamic range:
95 dB
Frequency Response:
10 Hz - 20 kHz +/- 0.5 dB
Analog Output
Distortion:
< 0.005%
Analog outputs:
balanced, line-level
(-20 dbfs=+4 dBu); minimum
load impedance:10k Ω (ohm)
Meter input ‘0’ level:
-20 dBfs
(for Middle -distance Viewing
Middle -distance
Viewing
Input(for
connectors:
Balanced: XLR
Power consumption
(Average Maximum):
60 W
AC Mains input:
100-220VAC, 50-60 Hz
"ALL" Channel Summing
Assignments*:
Left Side =LFront+LSurr+1/2Center+1/2LFE
Right Side =RFront+RSurr+1/2Center+1/2LFE
BNC:75 Ω (ohm) unbalanced
XLR:110 Ω (ohm) balanced
.
5V p-p unbalanced,
2.2V p-p balanced
Physical Specifications
Weight:
18 lbs. (8.2 kg)
Dimensions (HxWxD):
3.5 x 19 x 12 inches
(89 x 483 x 298 mm)
* On special order, custom combinations of selected channels are available; either in lieu of, or in addition to, the regular selections.
Audio Response Curve
+10
0
d
B
-10
-20
-30
20
50
100
200
500
1k
2k
5k
10k
20k
Hz
Typical 1/6 Octave Audio Response Curve
Units are designed to meet, at time of manufacture, all currently applicable product safety and EMC requirements, such as those of CE. 0 dbV
ref. 0.775V RMS. Features and specifications subject to improvement without notice.
© 2005 Wohler Technologies Inc. ALL rights reserved
5
ATSC/DVB-3 User Manual P/N 821507 Rev-D
Section 1: General Features, Specifications, and Installation
Installation
Mounting
The unit should be mounted where convenient for operating persons, ideally at approximately ear level for best high frequency response. Its
superior magnetic shielding eliminates concerns about locating it adjacent to most types of CRT monitors, including even high-resolution
color monitors.
Heat Dissipation
Heat dissipated by the speaker amps is conducted directly to the left side of the chassis; no special considerations for cooling are necessary
as long as the ambient temperature inside the rack area does not exceed approximately 40°C (104°F).
Sympathetic Vibration
Sympathetic vibration from other equipment (cables, etc.,) in the rack may be serious enough to interfere with the unit’s sound quality out in
the listening area. The use of thin card stock and/or felt or foam weather-stripping type materials between adjacent vibrating surfaces, or tying
up loose cables, etc., may be required to stop vibrations external to the unit.
Mechanical Bracing
The chassis is securely attached to the front panel at eight points along its surface, not just at the four corners of the chassis ears. This feature
will reduce or eliminate rear bracing requirements in many mobile/portable applications. The weight of internal components is distributed
fairly evenly around the unit.
Audio Connections
Connection of the audio feeds is straightforward. Please refer to the system block diagram on page 18 for clarification of the general
signal paths into and out of the ATSC/DVB-3 unit.
Ω unbalanced; XLRs are 110Ω
Ω balanced. Care should be exercised to
Inputs are via either BNC or XLR connectors. BNC inputs are 75Ω
avoid mis-matched cable types and other similar causes of undesired reflections in RF signal systems. If severe enough, such reflections
can result in corruption of the digital datastream.
AC Power
The unit's AC mains connection is via a standard IEC inlet, with safety ground connected directly to the unit's chassis. The universal AC
input (100-240VAC, 50/60Hz) switching power supply is a self-resetting sealed type, with automatic over-voltage and over-current
shutdown. There is no user-replaceable fuse in either the primary or secondary circuit.
6
© 2005 Wohler Technologies Inc. ALL rights reserved
ATSC/DVB-3 User Manual P/N 821507 Rev-D
Section 2
Operation
Front Panel Features
Rear Panel Features
© 2005 Wohler Technologies Inc. ALL rights reserved
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ATSC/DVB-3 User Manual P/N 821507 Rev-D
Section 2: Operation
Front Panel Features
Please refer to Figure-2a on the facing page to familiarize yourself with the front panel features of the ATSC/DVB-3 unit. The
following sections describe these features and are referenced, by number, to Figure-2a.
1
Speakers (Left, Right, and Woofer)
The ATSC/DVB-3 internal speaker system is comprised of two mid-range tweeter speakers (left and right) and one woofer
speaker (middle). The two side channel speakers reproduce, in stereo, only the mid and high frequencies. Please note that
the woofer speaker (middle) is not a dedicated Center nor LFE speaker. See page 14 for more information about the audio
amplifier and speaker configuration.
2
Volume Control
This controls the loudness of the audio reproduced by the internal speakers or connected headphone. Clock-wise rotation
of this control increases the loudness of the monitored audio in the speakers or headphones.
3
Speaker Select Switches (Left and Right)
These two six position rotary switches are used to isolate and monitor any one of the six possible channels through the left
and/or right speakers. Choose positions 1 through 6 for each switch (left or right) and the chosen channel will be monitored
from the respective speaker. Note: If the All/Selected Switch (Item 8) is set to the ALL position, then both of these
switches are disabled and the Selector Disabled LEDs (Item 4) will glow RED.
4
Selector Disabled LED (Left and Right)
These two LEDs will glow RED to indicate that the Speaker Select Switches (Item 3) are disabled because the All/
Selected Switch (Item 14) is set to the ALL position.
5
Audio Level Meters (1-6)
Audio levels for source channels 1-6 are displayed via six high resolution 53-segment LED bargraph meters (three on the left
side of the front panel; three on the right side). Dynamic range for these meters is 65 dB and they are able to display signal
levels using both PPM and VU standards. An adjustable-duration hold of peak PPM value may also be displayed. Each
meter is labeled according to the standard Surround Sound nomenclature (left front, right front, center, low frequency
effects, left surround, and right surround). See page 17 for more information about these level meters.
6
Level Meter Brightness Controls (1-3 and 4-6)
The brightness of the bargraph meters are adjustable via these two recessed controls. The left control adjusts the brighness of the
left three LED bargraphs (1-3) and the right control adjusts the brighness of the right three bargraphs (4-6). You must use a small
flathead screwdriver or similar tool to adjust these controls.
7
Input Source Select Switch
This two position toggle switch allows the operator to choose between two possible input sources; Input Source 1 or Input
Source 2. Input Source 1 accepts AC-3 or AES signals and is comprised of a balanced input and loop-through output on XLR
connectors (Item C) and an unbalanced input and loop-through output on BNC connectors (Item D). Input Source 2 accepts
AC-3 or AES signals and is comprised of a balanced input on an XLR connector (Item F) and an unbalanced input on a BNC
connector (Item G).
8
All/Selected Select Switch
When this two position toggle switch in in the SELECTED position, channel selection defaults to the selection as set by the right
and left Speaker Select Switches (Item 3). When in the ALL position, a stereo mixdown of the five full channels is applied to the
speaker amps (the LFE channel is excluded). Speaker channel assignment for the ALL setting is as follows:
• Left Speaker Channel = LFront + LSurr + 1/2Center
• Right Speaker Channel = RFront + RSurr + 1/2Center
9
Balance Control
This adjusts the volume balance between the left and right speakers or headphones.
10
Power LED
The LED glows GREEN to indicate the unit is connected to mains power and an operation voltage is present.
(Continued)
8
© 2005 Wohler Technologies Inc. ALL rights reserved
ATSC/DVB-3 User Manual P/N 821507 Rev-D
Section 2: Operation
Figure-2a: Front Panel Features
© 2005 Wohler Technologies Inc. ALL rights reserved
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ATSC/DVB-3 User Manual P/N 821507 Rev-D
Section 2: Operation
Front Panel Features
(Continued)
11
Phase Indication LEDs (IN, AVG, OUT)
These three LEDs indicate the instantaneous and average phase (polarity) conditions between the source(s) assigned to the
left speaker channel and the source(s) assigned to the right speaker channel. The larger LED labeled AVG indicates the
average phase condition between the left and right speaker channels. The two smaller LEDs labeled IN and OUT indicate
the instantaneous phase relationships. Indication is as follows:
• The left IN LED glows (or blinks) GREEN for in-phase signals.
• The right OUT LED glows (or blinks) AMBER for out-of-phase signals.
• The large center AVG LED indicates the average phase condition by glowing GREEN for in-phase signals, or RED for
out-of-phase signals.
In general, observing the AVG LED alone is sufficient for proper phase monitoring. While it is normal for stereo signals to
contain some intermittant instantaneous out-of-phase and in-phase conditions (IN and OUT LEDs), a steady RED glow of
the AVG LED indicates an out-of-phase alarm condition.
12
Headphone Jack
This jack accepts a standard 1/4” phone type stereo plug. When you plug in headphones, the internal speakers will mute.
13
Input Status LEDs (AC-3 and PCM)
One of these two LEDs will glow GREEN to indicate which kind of signal is being received at the selected input; either the
left LED for AC-3 (Dolby Digital®) or right LED for PCM (Pulse Code Modulation or standard AES).
14
Pro-16 Select Switch and Indication LED
In the event that you are processing two different Dolby Digital Pro-16 data streams it is possible to select between the two
with this toggle switch. The LED will glow AMBER if such signals are present. In the absence of such data streams, the
LED will not be lit and the switch will be nonfunctional.
10
© 2005 Wohler Technologies Inc. ALL rights reserved
ATSC/DVB-3 User Manual P/N 821507 Rev-D
Section 2: Operation
Figure-2a: Front Panel Features
© 2005 Wohler Technologies Inc. ALL rights reserved
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ATSC/DVB-3 User Manual P/N 821507 Rev-D
Section 2: Operation
Rear Panel Features
Please refer to Figure-2b on the facing page to familiarize yourself with the rear panel features of the ATSC/DVB-3 units. The
following sections describe these features and are referenced, by letter, to Figure-2b.
A
Power Connector
Attach a standard IEC-320 power cord between this connector and mains power (100 - 240VAC nominal, 50/60 Hz). The front
panel Power LED (Item 10, page 8) will glow GREEN to indicate operating voltages are present.
B
Option DIP Switch
This DIP switch is reserved for possible future options. You may disregard its settings.
C
Source 1 Balanced Input and Output Connectors (IN and LOOP)
This 3-pin female XLR IN connector is meant to receive either AC-3 (Dolby Digital®) or standard AES (PCM) signals and
is configured for a balanced, 110 Ω connection. The 3-pin male XLR LOOP connector outputs a copy of the signal
entering the balanced input.
Note: Do NOT simultaneously connect a signal source to the balanced and unbalanced inputs in the same source channel
(i.e. Source 1 BNC and XLR input connectors).
D
Source 1 Unbalanced Input and Output Connectors (IN and LOOP)
This female BNC IN connector is meant to receive either AC-3 (Dolby Digital®) or standard AES (PCM) signals and is
configured for an unbalanced, 75 Ω connection. The BNC LOOP connector outputs a loop-through copy of the signal
entering the unbalanced input.
Note: Do NOT simultaneously connect a signal source to the balanced and unbalanced inputs in the same source channel
(i.e. Source 1 BNC and XLR input connectors).
E
Termination Settings DIP Switch (Source 1 and 2)
This DIP switch sets the termination characteristics of the Source 1 and Source 2 balanced and unbalanced input connectors.
There are two switches; one for the Source 1 balanced and unbalanced inputs (S1), and a second switch for the Source 2
balanced and unbalanced inputs (S2). In the event that signals entering Source 1 or 2 are connected to downstream
equipment, then the respective DIP switch should be set to the UP (Unterminated) position. If there is no connection to
downstream equipment, then the respective DIP switch should be set to the DOWN (Terminated) position.
F
Source 2 Balanced Input Connector
This 3-pin female XLR IN connector is meant to receive either AC-3 (Dolby Digital®) or standard AES (PCM) signals and
is configured for a balanced, 110 Ω connection.
Note: Do NOT simultaneously connect a signal source to the balanced and unbalanced inputs in the same source channel
(i.e. Source 2 BNC and XLR input connectors).
G
Source 2 Unbalanced Input Connector
This female BNC IN connector is meant to receive either AC-3 (Dolby Digital®) or standard AES (PCM) signals and is
configured for an unbalanced, 75 Ω connection.
Note: Do NOT simultaneously connect a signal source to the balanced and unbalanced inputs in the same source channel
(i.e. Source 2 BNC and XLR input connectors).
H
Selected Analog Output Connectors
These two 3-pin male XLR connectors output analog stereo signals of the selected source. When the All/Selected Select
Switch (Item 8, page 8) is set to SELECTED, these connectors output the source as selected by the left and right
Speaker Select Switches (Item 3, page 8). If the All/Selected Select Switch is set to ALL, then these connectors output
a stereo mix of all five main channels (the LFE channel is excluded). The signals output from these connectors are unaffected
by the volume and balance controls (Items 2 and 9, page 8) and headphone mute feature (Item 12, page 10).
12
© 2005 Wohler Technologies Inc. ALL rights reserved
Section 2: Operation
ATSC/DVB-3 User Manual P/N 821507 Rev-D
Figure-2b:
Rear Panel Features
© 2005 Wohler Technologies Inc. ALL rights reserved
13
ATSC/DVB-3 User Manual P/N 821507 Rev-D
Section 2: Operation
Audio Amplifier and Speaker Configuration
General Description
The NTSC/DVB-3 monitor uses the Wohler AMP2 Series speaker configuration, which features high performance transducers
(speakers) driven by three power amplifiers; two amplifier/driver combinations handle midrange and high frequency information in
the left and right (stereo) speaker channels, while the third amplifier channel sums the left and right channel information below the
500 Hz crossover point in the woofer (bass) speaker(s). Note that the woofer channel is NOT a dedicated LFE (subwoofer) or
Center channel.
Speaker Configuration
AMP2 Series speaker system is configured with two speaker channels (left and right) to reproduce midrange and high-range
audio frequencies (in stereo) and one woofer speaker channel to reproduce the summed (combined) low-range audio frequencies
from the left and right speaker input channels.
See below for a simplified diagram of the audio amplifier/speaker configuration.
Balance Control Characteristics
The balance control attenuates the signal from the source, so that the left and right bass frequencies (summed together and
reproduced in the woofer channel) will also respond to the balance control.
Example:
If an audio signal of a voice speaking English is fed to the left (A) input and a voice speaking Spanish is fed to the right
(B) input, then the left speaker channel will reproduce the midrange and high-range frequencies of the English speaking
voice, the right speaker channel will reproduce the midrange and high-range frequencies of the Spanish speaking voice,
and the woofer speaker channel will reproduce the summed (combined) low-range frequencies of both voices.
If the balance control is rotated to the left (English), then the Spanish speaking voice in the right speaker channel will
diminish in volume and the Spanish speaking voice in the woofer speaker channel will also diminish.
Note that if the balance control is rotated completely to the left, the volume in both the left (or right) speaker channel and
woofer speaker channel will increase slightly to maintain overall output level.
The converse of the above is true if the balance control is rotated to the right.
14
© 2005 Wohler Technologies Inc. ALL rights reserved
ATSC/DVB-3 User Manual P/N 821507 Rev-D
Section 3
Technical Information
General Technical Observations
Level Meter Description and Specifications
ATSC/DVB-3 Block Diagram
NOTE:
PCB layout and schematic support documentation is available upon request.
© 2005 Wohler Technologies Inc. ALL rights reserved
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ATSC/DVB-3 User Manual P/N 821507 Rev-D
Section 3: Technical Information
General Technical Observations
General Mechanical Observations
Elimination of cabinet and component sympathetic vibrations (resonances) requires considerable attention to mechanical details.
Because of this, and the physical constraints of the speakers acoustic enclosures, even minor changes to any of the mechanical
details of the unit can seriously impair its acoustic performance. This especially applies to the speaker baffles. If mechanical
work on the unit is necessary, be sure to make adequate notes to permit accurate reassembly.
Unfortunately, the unusual and wholly proprietary method of magnetic shielding is usually degraded slightly by any disassembly of
the unit, except removal of the rear panel. Almost any maintenance or repair will require removal of the cover. If an immediately
adjacent video monitor shows magnetic interference after reassembly of the unit, it must be returned to the factory to restore the
shielding completely.
General Audio Circuitry Observations
Since a single-sided power supply is used, all amplifier sections are “biased” with a 1/2 supply reference, so all opamp signal
terminals on the main board should have a DC level of +12V, +/-0.7V. Signal inputs to the main audio board from any of the
input select circuits are via the balanced input stage, in lieu of the XLR analog inputs on the basic unit. Signal feed points for
level meters and the phase indicator are immediately after the input stage, and before the volume control section.
The signal pick-off for the headphones is after the volume and balance controls. Speaker muting is controlled by circuitry that
senses connection of headphones to the jack.
The power amps are attached to an aluminum heatsink plate (which is also connected to the circuit common for these devices).
The heatsink plate forms an operational module separate from the chassis, which allows access to the solder side of the circuit
board while power is applied to the circuitry. To avoid thermal shutdown of the power amp(s), they should NOT be operated
without their tabs being fastened to the heatsink plate.
Variations in the frequency response of different production runs of drivers has sometimes required minor adjustments in the
equalization/crossover components in individual runs of units. Some of these components may have values slightly different than
those indicated in the schematic, which are the nominal ones. If any of the drivers (speakers) are replaced, it may be helpful to
change some of these components to achieve maximum flatness of response.
The operating threshold of the woofer limiter is critical to both satisfactory reproduction of musical transients and preventing
damage to, or destruction of, the speaker itself. The side speaker output limiter circuits are similarly important, though not as
critically adjusted.
The woofer power amps are arranged in a bridge configuration; care must be taken to avoid letting EITHER speaker terminal
contact the chassis (common) OR THE GROUNDED LEAD OF ANY TEST EQUIPMENT so as not to short out the power
amps. The side speaker outputs are single-ended, so these precautions are not necessary for them.
16
© 2005 Wohler Technologies Inc. ALL rights reserved
ATSC/DVB-3 User Manual P/N 821507 Rev-D
Section 3: Technical Information
Level Meter Description and Specifications
Description
The 53-segment type of tri-color LED bargraph display has a total length of 2.24" (56.8 mm) and uses relatively small segments. This high
resolution segment size is easy to accurately monitor, visually, for distances up to six feet (1.8 meters). Segment size is 0.158" (4 mm) x 0.04"
(1 mm). Segment pitch is 0.039" (0.99 mm).
Each LED bargraph display section visually indicates the dynamic changes within the audio signal source(s) being monitored. All bargraph
LED segments are of the tri-color type (green, amber, red). Ballistics for these meters are factory set to display a single floating PPM 'dot'
(continuous decay of 20 dB in 1.5 seconds) above a VU bar; each segment's color being fixed according to its position on the scale. Level
gain is factory set at +4 dBu. Dynamic range for these 53-segment meters is 65 dB.
Scales
Please refer to the figure below for an illustration showing the standard scale for the 53-segment bargraph display used in the ATSC/DVB-3
audio monitor. Custom variations of this scale are also available on special order.
Dynamic range, dB:
65 dB
Midscale resolution:
1 dB
Segment Quantity:
53
Segment size:
0.158" (4 mm) x 0.04" (1 mm)
Segment pitch:
0.039" (.99 mm)
© 2005 Wohler Technologies Inc. ALL rights reserved
17
ATSC/DVB-3 Block Diagram
ATSC/DVB-3 User Manual P/N 821507 Rev-D
18
© 2005 Wohler Technologies Inc. ALL rights reserved
Section 3: Technical Information
ATSC/DVB-3 User Manual P/N 821507 Rev-D
Section 3: Technical Information
NOTES:
© 2005 Wohler Technologies Inc. ALL rights reserved
19
ATSC/DVB-3 User Manual P/N 821507 Rev-D
Wohler Technologies, Inc.
Wohler
Technologies, Inc.
31055 Huntwood Avenue
31055 Huntwood Avenue
Hayward, CA 94544
Hayward, CA 94544
1-888-596-4537 Fax: (510) 870-0811
Phone: (510) 870-0810 Fax: (510) 870-0811
web: www.wohler.com
US Toll-Free: 1-888-596-4537
e-mail: support@wohler.com
www.wohler.com support@wohler.com
20
© 2005 Wohler Technologies Inc. ALL rights reserved