ASL INTERCOM BS 216 User manual

BS 216
DUAL CHANNEL MASTER STATION
USER MANUAL
Issue 2011 © ASL Intercom BV
DESIGNED & MANUFACTURED BY:
ASL Intercom B.V.
Zonnebaan 42
3542 EG Utrecht
The Netherlands
Tel: +31 (0)30 2411901
Fax: +31 (0)30 2667373
Email: info@asl-inter.com
Web: www.asl-inter.com
CONTENT OF THIS USER MANUAL
1.0
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS .......................................................................... 3
2.0
UNPACKING .............................................................................................. 3
3.0
WARRANTY ............................................................................................... 4
4.0
MECHANICAL INSTALLATION .................................................................. 4
5.0
MAINS POWER & SAFETY EARTH ........................................................... 4
6.0
GENERAL DESCRIPTION ......................................................................... 4
7.0
FRONT PANEL CONTROLS & CONNECTOR ........................................... 5
8.0
REAR PANEL CONTROLS & CONNECTORS ........................................... 6
9.0
INTERNAL CONTROLS ............................................................................. 6
10.0
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS ............................................................... 6
11.0
PARTY LINE, TECHNICAL CONCEPT..................................................... 7
12.0
CABLING .................................................................................................. 7
13.0
EARTHING CONCEPT ............................................................................. 8
14.0
BS 216 BLOCK DIAGRAM ...................................................................... 8
15.0
POSSIBLE SYSTEM CONFIGURATION .................................................. 9
PAGE 2
User Manual BS 216 / Issue 2011 © ASL Intercom BV
1.0
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Please always follow these instructions to help ensure against injury to yourself
and/or damage to the system
1. Read all safety and operating instructions
before you operate the apparatus.
2. Retain all safety and operating instructions
for future reference.
3. Heed all warnings on the apparatus and in
the safety and operating instructions and
follow all installation and use instructions.
4. Follow all installation, operating and use
instructions
5. Unplug the apparatus from the AC power
outlet before cleaning. Use only a damp cloth
for cleaning the exterior of the apparatus.
6. Do not use accessories or attachments not
recommended by the manufacturer, as they
may cause hazards and void the warranty.
7. Do not operate this apparatus in high
humidity areas or expose it to water or
moisture.
8. Do not place the apparatus on an unstable
cart, stand, tripod, bracket or table. The
apparatus may fall, causing serious personal
injury and damage to the apparatus.
9. Do not block or cover any openings in the
apparatus. These are provided for ventilation
and protection from overheating. Never place
the apparatus near any heat sources such as
radiators, heat registers, stoves, or other
apparatus (including amplifiers) that produce
heat. Do not place the apparatus in an
enclosure such as a cabinet without proper
ventilation.
10. Operate the apparatus using only the type of
power source indicated on the marking label.
Unplug the apparatus‟ power cord by
gripping the power plug, not the cord.
2.0
11. Insert the plug properly. Do not defeat the
safety purpose of the polarized or groundingtype plug. An American polarized AC line
plug has two blades with one wider than the
other. This plug will fit only one way into the
power outlet. This is a safety feature. If you
are unable to insert the plug fully into the
outlet, try reversing the plug. If the plug still
fails to fit, contact an electrician to replace
the obsolete outlet. A grounding type plug
has two blades and a third grounding prong.
The wide blade or the third prong are
provided for your safety. If the provided plug
does not fit into your outlet, consult an
electrician to replace the obsolete outlet.
12. Route power supply cords so that they are
not likely to be walked on or pinched by
items placed upon or against them. Pay
particular attention to cords at plugs,
convenience receptacles, and the point
where they exit from the apparatus.
13. Do not overload wall outlets or extension
cords, as this can result in a risk of fire or
electrical shock.
14. Unplug this apparatus during lightning storms
or when unused for long periods of time.
15. Never insert objects of any kind into the
apparatus through openings, as the objects
may touch dangerous voltage points or short
out parts. This could cause fire or electrical
shock.
16. Refer all servicing to qualified service
personnel. Servicing is required when the
apparatus has been damaged in any way,
such as when the power-supply cord or plug
is damaged, liquid has been spilled or
objects have fallen into the apparatus, the
apparatus has been exposed to rain or
moisture, does not operate normally, or has
been dropped.
UNPACKING
The shipping carton contains the parts listed below
*
The BS 216
*
Mains power cable
*
Spare fuses
If any are missing, contact your dealer.
ASL has taken great care to ensure that this product
reaches you in flawless condition.
After unpacking the unit please inspect for any
physical damage to the unit, and retain the shipping
carton and relevant packing materials for use should
the unit need returning. If any damage has occurred,
please notify your dealer immediately so that a
written claim can be initiated. Please also refer to the
warranty section of this manual.
PAGE 3
User Manual BS 216 / Issue 2011 © ASL Intercom BV
3.0
WARRANTY
This unit is warranted by ASL Intercom to the original
end-user purchaser against defects in workmanship
and materials in it's manufacture for a period of one
year from date of shipment to the end-user.
4.0
Faults arising from misuse, unauthorized modifications
or accidents are not covered by this warranty. If the
unit is faulty it should be sent in its original packing, to
the supplier or your local ASL dealer, with shipping
prepaid. A note must be included stating the faults
found and a copy of the original suppliers invoice.
MECHANICAL INSTALLATION
For the BS 216 a vertical rack space of 1U (1.75”,
44mm) is required. It is not necessary to provide
rear support by extra bracing or shelving. Adequate
ventilation must be provided by allowing sufficient
space around the sides and rear of the unit to
ensure free circulation of air.
5.0
MAINS POWER & SAFETY EARTH
4.1
Connecting to mains power
Forced cooling is not required.
The power supply regulator is mounted on the rear
of the unit; after a period of time it will feel hot to the
touch. This is quite normal, and should be no cause
for alarm.
The BS 216 may be connected to a mains power outlet
which provides 100 – 240 V AC, 50-60 Hz and at least
60 watts. The outlet should have a clean earth. Avoid
using mains power outlets which also power dimmer
controlled lighting equipment.
The wires in the mains lead are color coded:
green/yellow: Earth / safety ground
blue:
Neutral
brown:
Live
In case the wires in the mains lead do not correspond
with the colored markings identifying the terminals in
your mains plug, proceed as follows:
The wire which is colored green/yellow must
be connected to the terminal in the plug which
is marked with the letter “E”, or by the ground
symbol, or is colored green.
6.0
The wire which is colored blue must be
connected to the terminal which is marked with
the letter “N” or colored black.
The wire which is colored brown must be
connected to the terminal which is marked with
the letter “L” or colored red.
4.2
Safety Earth
The green/yellow wire of the mains lead must
always be connected to the electrical installation
safety earth or ground. This is essential for personal
safety as well as for proper operation of the BS 216
and the other connected stations. The green/yellow
wire is in the BS 216 connected to all exposed metal
surfaces. Any rack framework into which this unit might
be mounted is assumed to be connected to the same
grounding circuit.
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The BS 216 (19”/1RU) is a dual channel headset
station and is designed to be a master unit in an
ASL intercom system. The unit is ideal for use in
applications where standard microphone cable is
available and ease of setup is of paramount
importance.
The built-in dual channel power supply is fully
protected and can drive at least 10 beltpacks
operating at full power.
Each channel has a Volume (listen level) control, a
TALK and a CALL button with LED indicators.
With a headset connected to the XLR-4 headset
connector one can talk and listen to each channel
separately or to both channels simultaneously.
There are side tone trimmers to adjust the listen
level of one‟s voice in one‟s headset.
The unique ASL Call system provides both a
flashing red LED and a very distinctive sound signal.
A slight touch of the CALL button makes the call
LED flash, whilst holding the button for 2 seconds
the call sound signal is activated.
An Aux input at the rear panel allows injecting
external audio signals of line or mic level into the
intercom lines.
When „mic level‟ is selected, +30V phantom power
is available at the Aux input connector.
Special attention has been paid to the intelligibility of
speech. By applying low noise/high speed circuitry,
a speech presence filter and a specially designed
headphone amplifier, communication is very
comfortable even in environments with high
background noise levels.
PAGE 4
User Manual BS 216 / Issue 2011 © ASL Intercom BV
7.0
FRONT PANEL CONTROLS & CONNECTOR
1
POWER ON/OFF switch
Mains power push button for switching ON and OFF
the internal power supply.
2
MAINS POWER LED
This LED illuminates if line power is supplied by the
internal power supply.
3A
BUZZER VOLUME trimmer
This trimmer adjusts the volume of the buzzer.
3B
BUZZER
This buzzer indicates an incoming or outgoing call. It
is activated by pushing a CALL button on this station
or a CALL button on any other station for longer
than two seconds.
The volume of the buzzer may be adjusted with the
buzzer volume control.
4
VOLUME A & B control knobs
These knobs adjust the listen level for the headset.
Each channel has to be adjusted separately.
5
SIDE TONE trimmers
These trimmers adjust the level of one‟s voice as
heard in one‟s headset.
Adjustment procedure (for each channel separately):
set the trimmer in start position: fully
clockwise
switch off the microphones of all connected
stations
push the TALK button of the channel
turn up the volume of the channel
speak into the headset microphone
adjust the listen level by turning the side
tone trimmer of the channel.
The trimmer operating area is between fully
clockwise and minimum level. Adjusting the side
tone does not affect the level of your voice as heard
by other stations.
6
TALK A & B buttons + LED’s
These buttons allows the user to talk to each
channel separately or to both channels
simultaneously. The large green LED‟s indicate if
the talk function is activated.
7
CALL A & B buttons + LED’s
A Call button activates the Call system.
By a momentary push a Call signal is sent to all
stations connected to the referring intercom channel.
The Call LED on this station and on all to the
channel connected stations starts flashing. Pushing
and holding a Call button for 2 seconds activates the
call buzzer in all stations. After the CALL button is
released the Call LED‟s continue to flash for a
further 2 seconds.
8
AUX VOLUME controls A & B
These knobs adjust the level of the Aux input signal
to each of the two intercom lines.
9
HEADSET connector
A XLR-4 type connector to connect a headset. The
can impedance must be minimum 200 ohms. The
headset microphone may be of the dynamic or
electret type.
Pin assignments:
Pin 1: shield mic. (GND)
Pin 2: mic. +
Pin 3: phones +
Pin 4: phones –
PAGE 5
User Manual BS 216 / Issue 2011 © ASL Intercom BV
8.0
REAR PANEL CONTROLS & CONNECTORS
10
MAINS Inlet
IEC Mains connector
11
FUSE Holder
The fuse protects the BS 216 against severe internal
damage, in case of malfunction in the power section.
Before replacing a fuse the mains cord must be
disconnected from the mains outlet.
12
AUX INPUT connector
This aux signal input is electronically balanced and
accepts audio levels between –18dBu to +22dBu on
line level, and –38dBu to +2dBu on mic level. When
mic level is selected, +30 V DC phantom power is
supplied to the XLR-3 aux input connector. Pin
assignments :
Pin 1. 0V / ground
Pin 2: signal +
Pin 3: signal –
9.0
13
INPUT LEVEL Switch
When mic level is selected, +30V DC phantom
power is supplied to pins 2 and 3 of the XLR-3 aux
input connector.
14
MIC GAIN Trimmer
To adjust the input gain when mic level is selected
(see #13)
15
A & B LINE connectors
These XLR-3 type connectors are for connecting
remote stations, using standard microphone cable.
There are 2 connectors for channel A and 2
connectors for channel B.
Pin assignments:
Pin 1: 0V / ground shield
Pin 2: +30V DC power wire
Pin 3: audio wire
INTERNAL CONTROLS
MIC GAIN
The headset mic gain is adjusted by a trimmer located on the PCB near the headset connectors
.
10.0 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
System
Dynamic range: 80 dB (1kHz, THD <1%)
Call signal (send): +2.8 mA
Call signal threshold (receive): +2.4 V DC
Supply voltage: +30 V DC (12 V to 32 V)
Intercom line
Impedance: 350 Ω (1 kHz), 2.2 kΩ (DC)
Audio level: nom. -18 dBu, max. +4 dBu
Switch Mode Power Supply
Mains voltage: 100 - 240 V AC, 50/60 Hz
Output voltage: +30 V DC (+/- 5%)
Max output power: 45 W
Max power consumption BS 216: 60 watts
Mic Pre-amp
Headset mic impedance: 200 ohms
Gain: 40 - 60 dB (adjustable internally)
Presence filter: +6dB @ 5 kHz
Frequency response: 200 Hz - 15 kHz (-3 dB)
Power to electret mic: +9 V DC
Headphone Driver Amp
Max. output level: 10.6 Vrms (at 200 ohms)
Max. output power: 0.5 Wrms (at 200 ohms)
Side Tone
Rejection: 0 - 30 dB adjustable
Buzzer
Max. SPL: 85 dBA
Aux Input
Input Impedance:
30 kOhms (line level)
4.6 kOhms (mic level)
Nominal Input Level:
-18 to +6 dBu (line level)
-38 to -14 dBu (mic level)
Max. Input Level:
+22 dBu (line level)
+2 dBu (mic level)
Phantom Power: +30 V DC (when mic level is
selected)
0 dBu defined as 775 mV rms into open circuit.
ASL reserves the right to alter specifications without prior notice
PAGE 6
User Manual BS 216 / Issue 2011 © ASL Intercom BV
11.0
PARTY LINE, TECHNICAL CONCEPT
User stations in an ASL intercom system are
connected via one or several 'party lines'. A party
line offers two way („full duplex‟) communication and
consists of standard microphone (multi-pair) cable.
One wire is used as an audio line, one as a power
line and the screen of the cable functions as
earth/return.
Current drive is used for signal transfer. Each station
utilizes a current amplifier to amplify the microphone
signal and place it on the common audio line where,
due to the constant line impedance (situated in the
power supply between XLR pin 3 and 1), a signal
voltage is developed which can be further amplified
and sent to the headphones or loudspeakers.
12.0
This principle has three advantages:
the use of a single audio line allows several
stations to talk and listen simultaneously
due to the high bridging impedance offered
by each station, the number of stations on
the party line has no influence on the level
of the communications signal
power and audio to the intercom stations
use the same cable
The Call signal is also sent as a current on the audio
line. It develops a DC potential over the line
impedance which will be sensed by each station and
interpreted as a Call signal.
CABLING
The intercom lines (the „party lines‟) are of the shielded two-conductor microphone cable type. The intercom line
connectors are of the XLR-3 type. Audio and Call signals are on XLR pin 3, DC power is on XLR pin 2.
XLR pin 1 is connected to the shield of the cable which functions as the common return for audio and power.
The audio signal is transferred in an unbalanced way (see „Party Line, Technical Concept‟).
To avoid earth loops (hum), the possible effect of electromagnetic fields and to minimize power loss, certain rules
have to be obeyed when installing the cabling of an intercom system :
Use high quality cable
Use high quality microphone cable (shielded two
conductor cable, minimum 2x 0.30 mm2).
In case multi-pair microphone cable is used, it
should be of high quality and each pair should
consist of two conductors (minimum 2x 0.15 mm2)
with separate shield and an overall shield.
Keep cables parallel as much as possible
When two (multi channel) units in a network are
connected by more than one cable, make sure that
these cables are parallel to each other over the
whole distance between those units. When using
multi-pair cable, parallelism is ensured in the best
possible way.
Use flexible cable
Use flexible single and multi-pair microphone cable
instead of cable with solid cores, especially when
the cable is subjected to bending during operation or
installation.
Avoid closed loops
Always avoid that intercom cables are making a
closed loop. So-called 'ring intercom' should not
physically be cabled as a ring..
Cable screens to XLR pin 1
The screen of each separate microphone cable
and/or the screen of each single pair in a multi-pair
cable, should be connected to pin 1 of each XLR-3
connector. Do not connect these screens to the
metal housing of ASL unitst or XLR-3 wall boxes.
See section „Earthing Concept‟.
Keep cables away from electromagnetic sources
Keep intercom cables away from high energy
cables, e.g. 115/230/400V mains power or dimmer
controlled feeds for spotlights. Intercom cables
should cross high energy cables at an angle of 90º
only. Intercom cables should never be in the same
trunks as energy cables.
Connect metal cable trunks, wall boxes and
overall multi-pair cable screens to clean earth
Metal cable trunks, metal wall boxes and overall
multi-pair cable screens should be interconnected
and, at the 'central earth point' in the intercom
network only, be connected to a clean earth or a
safety earth. (see section „Earthing Concept‟).
Place power supply in a central position
In case of a system powered by a separate power
supply: In order to diminish power losses, place the
power supply as close as possible to where most
power consumption occurs, in other words most
user stations are placed.
Keep metal connection boxes and cable trunks
or pipes isolated from other metal parts
Metal trunks or pipes for intercom cables and metal
connection boxes should be mounted in such a way
that they are isolated from any other metal housing
or construction part.
ASL powered units to a 'clean' mains outlet
Master stations or power supplies should be
connected to a mains outlet with a clean earth.
Other audio equipment may be connected to this
mains outlet, but avoid using an outlet which also
powers dimmer controlled lighting systems.
In case of more complex installations, don't hesitate to contact us. Please send us a block diagram of the planned
network with a list of all user stations and their positions, and we are happy to advise you on cabling lay out.
PAGE 7
User Manual BS 216 / Issue 2011 © ASL Intercom BV
13.0
EARTHING CONCEPT
14.0
BS 216 BLOCK DIAGRAM
PAGE 8
User Manual BS 216 / Issue 2011 © ASL Intercom BV
15.0
POSSIBLE SYSTEM CONFIGURATION
PAGE 9
User Manual BS 216 / Issue 2011 © ASL Intercom BV