Mackie MS1202-VLZ Owner`s manual

MICROSERIES1202-VLZ
MIC/LINE MIXER
OWNER’S MANUAL
ON
TM
ON
CAUTION
UTILISE UN FUSIBLE DE RECHANGE DE MÊME TYPE.
DEBRANCHER AVANT DE REMPLACER LE FUSIBLE
ALT
OUTPUT
CONTROL
ROOM
LEFT
RIGHT
PHANTOM
R
+4
MIC
120 VAC 50/60 Hz 20W
315mA/250V SLO-BLO
MANUFACTURING DATE
SERIAL NUMBER
AVIS: RISCQUE DE CHOC ÉLECTRIQUE — NE PAS OUVRIR
REPLACE WITH THE SAME TYPE FUSE AND RATING.
DISCONNECT SUPPLY CORD BEFORE CHANGING FUSE
LOW NOISE HIGH HEADROOM
12-CHANNEL MIC/LINE MIXER
POWER
WARNING:
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF FIRE OR ELECTRIC SHOCK, DO NOT
EXPOSE THIS EQUIPMENT TO RAIN OR MOISTURE. DO NOT REMOVE COVER.
NO USER SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE. REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED PERSONNEL.
RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT OPEN
MICRO SERIES
1202-VLZ
BAL/UNBAL
R
L
( PRE-FADER / PRE EQ TIP SEND / RING RETURN)
BAL/UNBAL
CHANNEL INSERTS
2
3
4
L
1
MAIN
OUTPUT
LEVEL
CAUTION:
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF
FIRE REPLACE WITH SAME
TYPE FUSE AND RATING
WOODINVILLE WASHINGTON MADE IN USA
CONCEIVED, DESIGNED, AND MANUFACTURED BY MACKIE DESIGNS INC.
MIC 1
MIC 2
MIC 4
MIC 3
RIGHT
LEFT/MONO
ALL BAL/UNBAL
BAL/UNBAL
1
1
L
MICRO SERIES 1202-VLZ
L
LEFT
RIGHT
2
12-CHANNEL MIC/LINE MIXER
R
2
R
AUX
1
U
AUX
1
U
+15
OO
+15
OO
L
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
EQ
+15
OO
+15
EQ
U
EQ
U
2
2
EFX
EFX
+15
OO
EQ
U
HI
HI
HI
HI
HI
HI
HI
12kHz
12kHz
12kHz
12kHz
12kHz
12kHz
12kHz
-15
-15
+15
+28
+7
+4
U
ALT 3-4
-15
LOW
LOW
LOW
LOW
LOW
LOW
LOW
LOW
80Hz
80Hz
80Hz
80Hz
80Hz
80Hz
80Hz
80Hz
-15
+15
PAN
-15
+15
-15
+15
-15
+15
+2
0
+15
-15
+15
-2
TAPE
PAN
PAN
PAN
PAN
PAN
PAN
PAN
-15
+15
-15
+15
-4
-7
L
L
R
L
R
2
1
MUTE
L
R
L
R
L
R
L
R
R
11 12
9 10
78
56
4
3
L
R
MUTE
MUTE
MUTE
MUTE
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
OO
+20dB
GAIN
OO
+20dB
GAIN
U
U
U
U
OO
+20dB
GAIN
OO
+20dB
GAIN
OO
+20dB
GAIN
OO
+20dB
GAIN
OO
-30
+20dB
GAIN
RUDE
SOLO
LIGHT
U
U
U
U
-20
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
-10
ASSIGN
TO MAIN MIX
MUTE
MUTE
MUTE
PRE FADER
OO
CLIP
+10
MAIN
MIX
+12
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
RIGHT
LEFT
2.5kHz
-12
+12
-12
+12
AUX
RETURN
POWER
MID
MID
2.5kHz
2.5kHz
-12
+20
OO
SOURCE
U
MID
MID
+12
-12
+12
EFX TO
MONITOR
0dB=0dBu
+15
U
2.5kHz
2.5kHz
-12
+12
-15
+15
U
MID
MID
-12
+12
-15
+15
U
2.5kHz
2.5kHz
-12
-15
+15
U
MID
MID
2.5kHz
+12
-15
+15
U
U
U
-15
+15
NORMALLED
U
2
EQ
U
HI
1
+20
OO
MON/PRE
POST
AUX 1
SELECT
+15
OO
+10
OO
AUX 1 MASTER
U
EFX
+15
OO
+15
OO
2
2
EQ
U
+15
U
U
MON/
EFX
U
EFX
+15
AUX
1
U
MON/
EFX
OO
PHONES
LINE IN 11-12
AUX
1
U
MON/
EFX
U
2
OO
LINE IN 9-10
AUX
1
U
OO
EFX
+15
EQ
U
R
R
R
LINE IN 7-8
U
2
OO
MONO
12kHz
+15
-12
+15
EFX
+15
OO
U
L
MON/
EFX
U
2
EQ
U
L
AUX
1
U
MON/
EFX
OO
EFX
+15
OO
AUX
1
U
U
2
-15
+15
OO
EFX
+15
OO
L
R
MON/
EFX
U
U
MAIN OUTS
MONO
LINE IN 5-6
TRIM
AUX
1
U
MON/
EFX
MON/
EFX
TAPE
OUTPUT
MONO
60
-40dB
10
+10dB
TRIM
TRIM
TRIM
60
-40dB
10
+10dB
60
-40dB
10
+10dB
60
-40dB
10
+10dB
TAPE
INPUT
AUX SEND
MONO
U
U
U
U
-10
C GAIN
MI
-10
C GAIN
MI
-10
C GAIN
MI
-10
C GAIN
MI
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
STEREO AUX RETURNS
LINE IN 4
LINE IN 3
LINE IN 2
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
LINE IN 1
+20dB
GAIN
U
BAL
U
OO
CONTROL
ROOM
MAX
/ PHONES
U
OO
+10dB
MAIN MIX
LEVEL SET
CAUTION
AVIS
RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT OPEN
RISQUE DE CHOC ELECTRIQUE
NE PAS OUVRIR
CAUTION: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT REMOVE COVER (OR BACK)
NO USER-SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE
REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED PERSONNEL
ATTENTION: POUR EVITER LES RISQUES DE CHOC
ELECTRIQUE, NE PAS ENLEVER LE COUVERCLE. AUCUN
ENTRETIEN DE PIECES INTERIEURES PAR L'USAGER. CONFIER
L'ENTRETIEN AU PERSONNEL QUALIFIE.
AVIS: POUR EVITER LES RISQUES D'INCENDIE OU
D'ELECTROCUTION, N'EXPOSEZ PAS CET ARTICLE
A LA PLUIE OU A L'HUMIDITE
The lightning flash with arrowhead symbol within an equilateral
triangle is intended to alert the user to the presence of uninsulated
"dangerous voltage" within the product's enclosure, that may be
of sufficient magnitude to constitute a risk of electric shock to persons.
Le symbole éclair avec point de flèche à l'intérieur d'un triangle
équilatéral est utilisé pour alerter l'utilisateur de la présence à
l'intérieur du coffret de "voltage dangereux" non isolé d'ampleur
suffisante pour constituer un risque d'éléctrocution.
The exclamation point within an equilateral triangle is intended to
alert the user of the presence of important operating and maintenance
(servicing) instructions in the literature accompanying the appliance.
Le point d'exclamation à l'intérieur d'un triangle équilatéral est
employé pour alerter les utilisateurs de la présence d'instructions
importantes pour le fonctionnement et l'entretien (service) dans le
livret d'instruction accompagnant l'appareil.
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
1. Read Instructions — All the safety and operation
instructions should be read before this Mackie product is
operated.
2. Retain Instructions — The safety and operating instructions should be kept for future reference.
3. Heed Warnings — All warnings on this Mackie product and
in these operating instructions should be followed.
4. Follow Instructions — All operating and other instructions
should be followed.
5. Water and Moisture — This Mackie product should not be
used near water – for example, near a bathtub, washbowl,
kitchen sink, laundry tub, in a wet basement, near a
swimming pool, swamp or salivating St. Bernard dog, etc.
6. Heat — This Mackie product should be situated away
from heat sources such as radiators, or other devices which
produce heat.
7. Power Sources — This Mackie product should be
connected to a power supply only of the type described in
these operation instructions or as marked on this Mackie
product.
8. Power Cord Protection — Power supply cords should be
routed so that they are not likely to be walked upon or
pinched by items placed upon or against them, paying
particular attention to cords at plugs, convenience receptacles,
and the point where they exit this Mackie product.
9. Object and Liquid Entry — Care should be taken so that
objects do not fall into and liquids are not spilled into the
inside of this Mackie product.
10. Damage Requiring Service — This Mackie product should
be serviced only by qualified service personnel when:
A. The power-supply cord or the plug has been
damaged; or
B. Objects have fallen, or liquid has spilled into
this Mackie product; or
C. This Mackie product has been exposed to rain;
or
D. This Mackie product does not appear to operate
normally or exhibits a marked change in
performance; or
E. This Mackie product has been dropped, or its
chassis damaged.
11. Servicing — The user should not attempt to service this
Mackie product beyond those means described in this
operating manual. All other servicing should be referred to the
Mackie Service Department.
12. To prevent electric shock, do not use this polarized plug
with an extension cord, receptacle or other outlet unless the
blades can be fully inserted to prevent blade exposure.
Pour préevenir les chocs électriques ne pas utiliser cette fiche
polariseé avec un prolongateur, un prise de courant ou une autre
sortie de courant, sauf si les lames peuvent être insérées à fond
sans laisser aucune pariie à découvert.
13. Grounding or Polarization — Precautions should be taken
so that the grounding or polarization means of this Mackie
product is not defeated.
14. This apparatus does not exceed the Class A/Class B
(whichever is applicable) limits for radio noise emissions from
digital apparatus as set out in the radio interference
regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications.
ATTENTION —Le présent appareil numérique n’émet pas de
bruits radioélectriques dépassant las limites applicables aux
appareils numériques de class A/de class B (selon le cas)
prescrites dans le règlement sur le brouillage radioélectrique
édicté par les ministere des communications du Canada.
15. To prevent hazard or damage, ensure that only
microphone cables and microphones designed to IEC 268-15A
are connected.
WARNING — To reduce the risk of fire or electric shock, do
not expose this appliance to rain or moisture.
READ THIS PAGE!!!
We realize that you must be dying to try out
your new MicroSeries 1202-VLZ. Or you might be
one of those people who never read manuals.
Either way, all we ask is that you read this page
NOW, and the rest can wait until you’re good and
ready. But do read it — you’ll be glad you did.
LEVEL-SETTING PROCEDURE
Message to seasoned pros: do not set
levels using the old “Turn the trim up until
the clip light comes on, then back off a
hair” trick. When a Mackie Designs mixer
clip light comes on, you really are about to
clip. We worked and slaved to come up
with a better system, one that provides low
noise and high headroom.
Other Nuggets of Wisdom
For optimum sonic performance, the channel
GAIN knobs and the MAIN MIX knob should be
set near the “U” (unity gain) markings.
Always turn the MAIN MIX and CONTROL
ROOM/PHONES level controls down before
making connections to and from your
MS1202-VLZ.
If you shut down your equipment, turn off
your amplifier(s) first. When powering up, turn
on your amplifier(s) last.
Save the shipping box! You may need it
someday, and you don’t want to have to pay for
another one.
INSTANT MIXING
Adjusting input levels (Chs. 1–4 only)
On the first four channels, it’s not even
necessary to hear what you’re doing to set
optimal levels. But if you’d like to: Plug
headphones into the PHONES jack, then
set the CONTROL ROOM/PHONES knob
about one-quarter of the way up.
The following steps must be performed
one channel at a time:
1. Turn the TRIM, GAIN and AUX send
knobs fully down (counterclockwise).
Set the EQ knobs at the center detent.
Connect the signal source to the input.
Engage (push in) the SOLO switch.
Play something into the selected input.
This could be an instrument, a singing
or speaking voice, or a line input such
as a CD player or tape recorder output.
Be sure that the volume of the input is
the same as it would be during normal
use. If it isn’t, you might have to
readjust these levels during the middle
of the set.
6. Adjust the channel’s TRIM control so
that the display on the right LED
meter stays around “0” and never goes
higher than “+7.”
7. If you’d like to apply some EQ, do so now
and return to step 6.
8. Disengage that channel’s SOLO switch.
9. Repeat for each of channels 1
through 4.
2.
3.
4.
5.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Here’s how to get going
right away, assuming you own a
microphone and a keyboard:
Plug your microphone into channel 1’s MIC
input.
Turn on the MS1202-VLZ.
Perform the Level-Setting Procedure .
Connect cords from the MAIN OUTS (XLR, 1⁄4" or
RCA, your choice) to your amplifier.
Hook up speakers to the amp and turn it on.
Turn up the MS1202-VLZ’s channel 1 GAIN
knob to the center detent and the MAIN MIX
knob one quarter of the way up.
Sing like a canary!
Plug your keyboard into stereo channel 5-6.
Turn that channel’s GAIN knob to the center
detent.
Play like a madman and sing like a canary!
It’s your first mix!
Please write your serial number here for
future reference (i.e. insurance claims,
tech support, return authorization, etc.):
Purchased at:
Date of Purchase:
Part No. 820-028-00 Rev. C 3/97
©1997 Mackie Designs Inc., All Rights Reserved. Printed in the U.S.A.
3
INTRODUCTION
Thank you! There are a lot of makes and
models of compact mixers out there, all competing for your bucks… but you have voted
with your wallet for the folks in Woodinville
who specialize in American-made mixers.
Now that you have your MicroSeries
1202-VLZ, find out how to get the most from it.
That’s where this manual comes in.
HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL
Since many of you folks will want to hook up
your MS1202-VLZ immediately, the first pages
you will encounter after the table of contents
are the ever popular hookup diagrams. These
show typical mixer setups for Record/Mixdown,
Video, Disc Jockey and Stereo PA. After this
section is a detailed tour of the entire mixer.
Every feature of the MS1202-VLZ is described
“geographically;” in other words, in order of where
it is physically placed on the mixer’s top or rear
panel. These descriptions are divided into the
first three manual chapters, just as your mixer is
organized into three distinct zones:
1. PATCHBAY: The patchbay along the top
and back.
2. CHANNEL STRIP: The eight channel
strips on the left.
3. OUTPUT SECTION: The output section on
the right.
Throughout these chapters you’ll find illustrations, with each feature numbered. If you’re
curious about a feature, simply locate it on the
appropriate illustration, notice the number
attached to it, and find that number in the
nearby paragraphs.
MIC 1
MIC 4
MIC 3
MIC 2
RIGHT
LEFT/MONO
BAL/UNBAL
ALL BAL/UNBAL
1
1
L
MICRO SERIES 1202-VLZ
L
LEFT
RIGHT
2
12-CHANNEL MIC/LINE MIXER
R
2
R
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
-10
C GAIN
MI
U
AUX
1
U
AUX
1
U
+15
OO
-15
+15
MID
MID
MID
MID
2.5kHz
2.5kHz
2.5kHz
2.5kHz
CHANNEL STRIPS
-12
+12
+15
-15
+15
-15
LOW
80Hz
80Hz
+15
-15
+15
-15
PAN
PAN
+7
+4
LOW
80Hz
80Hz
+15
+2
0
+15
-2
TAPE
PAN
PAN
-4
-7
L
L
R
R
L
2
1
MUTE
L
R
R
L
L
R
56
4
3
L
R
R
L
R
11 12
9 10
78
MUTE
MUTE
MUTE
MUTE
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
U
OO
+20dB
GAIN
OO
+20dB
GAIN
U
U
U
OO
+20dB
GAIN
4
OO
+20dB
GAIN
+20dB
GAIN
OO
+20dB
GAIN
U
OO
-20
-30
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
U
U
OO
MUTE
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
-10
ASSIGN
TO MAIN MIX
MUTE
MUTE
PRE FADER
+20dB
GAIN
RUDE
SOLO
LIGHT
U
OO
CLIP
+10
ALT 3-4
LOW
LOW
-15
PAN
PAN
+28
OUTPUT
SECTION
U
U
RIGHT
LEFT
MAIN
MIX
+12
-12
+12
-12
+12
U
80Hz
-15
+15
PAN
-12
LOW
80Hz
80Hz
-15
+12
U
LOW
LOW
80Hz
PAN
-12
+12
U
U
LOW
+15
-12
AUX
RETURN
0dB=0dBu
MID
2.5kHz
+12
+20
OO
SOURCE
MID
2.5kHz
U
EFX TO
MONITOR
POWER
12kHz
U
MID
2.5kHz
-12
2
AUX 1
SELECT
+15
-15
+15
U
U
NORMALLED
U
HI
12kHz
-15
+15
-15
U
1
+20
OO
MON/PRE
POST
EQ
U
HI
12kHz
12kHz
-15
+15
U
EFX
+15
OO
EQ
U
MID
U
-15
+15
U
2
2
EFX
+15
OO
HI
2.5kHz
+12
-12
12kHz
12kHz
-15
+15
U
2
EQ
U
U
+10
OO
AUX 1 MASTER
U
EFX
+15
OO
HI
U
MON/
EFX
+15
OO
U
2
EQ
U
AUX
1
U
MON/
EFX
+15
OO
EFX
+15
OO
HI
AUX
1
U
MON/
EFX
+15
U
PHONES
LINE IN 11-12
+20dB
GAIN
U
BAL
U
OO
CONTROL
ROOM
THE GLOSSARY: A HAVEN OF
NON-TECHINESS FOR THE NEOPHYTE
Since the MS1202-VLZ is often purchased by
folks who are new to the jargon of professional
audio, we’ve included a fairly comprehensive
dictionary of pro-audio terms. If terms like “clipping,” “noise floor,” or “unbalanced” leave you
blank, flip to the glossary at the back of this
manual for a quick explanation.
A PLUG FOR THE CONNECTORS SECTION
Also at the back of this manual is a section
on connectors: XLR connectors, balanced connectors, unbalanced connectors, special hybrid
connectors. Although we provide diagrams
throughout the manual, the Connections
appendix gives more of the whys and
wherefores for beginners.
ARCANE MYSTERIES ILLUMINATED
R
R
LINE IN 9-10
AUX
1
U
OO
2
EQ
U
HI
12kHz
-15
U
MONO
R
LINE IN 7-8
MON/
EFX
EFX
+15
OO
EQ
U
HI
12kHz
+15
-15
BAL
OR
UNBAL
U
2
+15
OO
EQ
U
HI
L
BAL
OR
UNBAL
+15
OO
EFX
EFX
+15
OO
EQ
U
MONO
BAL
OR
UNBAL
AUX
1
U
MON/
EFX
+15
U
2
2
EFX
+15
OO
AUX
1
U
OO
U
MAIN OUTS
L
BAL
OR
UNBAL
R
MON/
EFX
+15
OO
U
TAPE
OUTPUT
L
LINE IN 5-6
TRIM
AUX
1
U
MON/
EFX
MON/
EFX
+15
U
TAPE
INPUT
MONO
L
60
-40dB
10
+10dB
TRIM
TRIM
AUX SEND
MONO
U
60
-40dB
10
+10dB
60
-40dB
10
+10dB
TRIM
OO
-10
C GAIN
MI
-10
C GAIN
MI
U
60
-40dB
10
+10dB
STEREO AUX RETURNS
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
-10
C GAIN
MI
U
BAL
OR
UNBAL
LINE IN 4
LINE IN 3
LINE IN 2
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
PATCHBAY
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
LINE IN 1
You’ll also find cross-references to these
numbered features within a paragraph. For instance, if you see “To wire your own cables:
,” simply find that number in the manual
and you’ve found your answer.
Finally, you’ll notice feature numbers like
this: . These numbers direct you to relevant
information.
This icon marks information that is critically
important or unique to the
MS1202-VLZ. For your own
good, read them and remember them. They will be on the final test. And
the final test score will go down on your
Permanent Record.
This icon will lead you to
in-depth explanations of
features and practical tips.
While not mandatory, they
usually have some valuable
nugget of information.
MAX
/ PHONES
U
OO
+10dB
MAIN MIX
LEVEL SET
Finally, we’ve included an appendix entitled
“Balanced Lines, Phantom Powering, Grounding
and Other Arcane Mysteries.” This section
discusses some of the down ’n’ dirty practical
realities of microphones, fixed installations,
grounding, and balanced versus unbalanced
lines. It’s a gold mine for the neophyte and even
the seasoned pro might learn a thing or two.
CONTENTS
LEVEL-SETTING PROCEDURE ..................................... 3
HOOKUP DIAGRAMS .............................................. 6
PATCHBAY DESCRIPTION ...................................... 10
MIC INPUTS ................................................... 10
PHANTOM POWER ........................................ 10
LINE INPUTS .................................................. 10
LOW CUT* ..................................................... 11
TRIM* ........................................................... 11
STEREO LINE INPUTS* .................................... 12
EFFECTS: SERIAL OR PARALLEL? ..................... 12
INSERT ........................................................... 13
AUX RETURNS* ............................................. 13
TAPE IN .......................................................... 14
XLR MAIN OUTS* .......................................... 14
XLR MAIN OUTPUT LEVEL SWITCH* ............... 15
1⁄4" MAIN OUTS ............................................. 15
TAPE OUTPUT ................................................ 15
PHONES ......................................................... 16
ALT 3-4 .......................................................... 16
CONTROL ROOM* .......................................... 16
AUX SEND 1 & 2 ............................................ 16
POWER CONNECTION .................................... 17
FUSE .............................................................. 17
POWER SWITCH ............................................ 17
OUTPUT SECTION DESCRIPTION ............................ 21
MAIN MIX ..................................................... 21
VLZ MIX ARCHITECTURE* .............................. 21
SOURCE MATRIX* .......................................... 21
CONTROL ROOM / PHONES .......................... 22
PRE-FADER SOLO (PFL) .................................. 22
RUDE SOLO LIGHT* ........................................ 23
ASSIGN TO MAIN MIX* ................................. 23
METERS ......................................................... 23
AUX TALK ...................................................... 24
AUX 1 PRE/POST SELECT ............................... 24
AUX 1 MASTER .............................................. 24
AUX RETURNS ............................................... 25
EFX TO MONITOR* ........................................ 25
JACK NORMALLING ....................................... 25
MODIFICATIONS ................................................... 26
BLOCK DIAGRAM .................................................. 29
GAIN STRUCTURE DIAGRAM ................................. 30
SPECIFICATIONS .................................................... 31
SERVICE INFO ....................................................... 32
APPENDIX: Glossary of Pro Audio Terms ................ 33
APPENDIX: Connections ......................................... 42
APPENDIX: Balanced Lines, Phantom Powering,
Grounding and Other Arcane Mysteries ......................... 45
PHANTOM SWITCH ........................................ 17
CHANNEL STRIP DESCRIPTION .............................. 18
“U” LIKE UNITY GAIN .................................... 18
GAIN ............................................................. 18
PRE-FADER SOLO* ......................................... 18
MUTE/ALT 3-4* ............................................. 18
PAN ............................................................... 19
CONSTANT LOUDNESS ! ! ! .............................. 19
3-BAND EQ* .................................................. 19
AUX SEND ..................................................... 20
*NEW! IMPROVED!
PROFESSIONAL FEATURES!
For those of you accustomed to the original MS1202, do not be daunted by all the
new or improved features — we added them
just for you! Details of these features are
wedged into the manual with all the other
great stuff.
5
HOOKUP DIAGRAMS
4-track Recorder
out (play)
in (record)
IMPORTANT:
ALL Channel Insert
plugs are inserted
to the SECOND click.
Guitar Effects
2
3
4
MONO
INPUTS
8 R
MONO
L
11 MONO
12 R
4
in
Mono Processor
out
L
1
R
2
Mono in / stereo out
Reverb
L
R
Digital Delay
in
out
R
L
R
1
L
2
R
L
R
OUT
PHONES
in
(record)
L
IN-TAPE-OUT
2-track Mixdown Deck
out
L
10 R
out
(play)
3
AUX
OUT
9
CHANNEL
L
AUX RETURNS
L
MONO
6 R
7
2
ALT 3/4
OUT
5
MAIN
OUT
Keyboard or other line-level input
1
CHANNEL INSERTS
1
CNTRL ROOM
OUTPUTS
MAIN
OUT
Power
Amplifier
FULL SYMMETRY DUAL DIFFERENTIAL HIGH CURRENT DESIGN
CH
CH
1
2
Studio Monitors
MS1202-VLZ 4-Tk Record/2-Tk Mix
6
in
Compressor
in
out
V/O Mic
Keyboard or other
line-level input
1
2
3
4
R
L
MONO
8 R
R
9
L
Audio out
R
L
MONO
L
11 MONO
12 R
L
R
in
CNTRL ROOM
OUTPUTS
R
L
Mackie Designs: Video Setup
scene #1 _ 23:94:10 Time Base
L
R
*Note: Aux Return #2
can be used as an
extra stereo input
1
L
R
R
2
Multi Effect Processor
in
L
OUT
L out
R
2
PHONES
Time Code DAT
R
IN-TAPE-OUT
SMPTE Control
R
L
R
L
10 R
CD Player
L
1
Power
Amplifier
MAIN
OUT
Video Deck #3
INPUTS
Audio out
L
MONO
AUX RETURNS
7
L
4
AUX
OUT
6
3
ALT 3/4
OUT
R
Video Deck #2
5
CHANNEL
L Audio out
2
MAIN
OUT
Video Deck #1
1
CHANNEL INSERTS
1
FULL SYMMETRY DUAL DIFFERENTIAL HIGH CURRENT DESIGN
CH
CH
1
2
Studio Monitors
Multi - VCR Video Switcher
with time code interface
(optional)
Master Video Deck
MS1202-VLZ Video Setup
7
out
MORE HOOKUP DIAGRAMS
1
2
Phono
Preamps
3
RIAA
4
CD Player
7
L
MONO
8
R
9
L
R
CD Player
L out
INPUTS
L out
R
CHANNEL
6
MONO
10 R
12 R
L
R
L
R
2
Note: Aux Return #2 can
be used as an extra stereo input
L
1
Triggered Lights
Multi Effect
Processor
org
2
R
R
L
L
Stereo EQ
OUT
CNTRL ROOM
OUTPUTS
in
(record)
R
PHONES
out
(play)
IN-TAPE-OUT
2-Track
Deck
L
11 MONO
L
1
ALT 3/4
OUT
R
3
MAIN
OUT
out
MAIN
OUT
L Sampler
Power
Amplifier
FULL SYMMETRY DUAL DIFFERENTIAL HIGH CURRENT DESIGN
CH
CH
1
2
Left PA Speaker
People Dancing
MS1202-VLZ DJ Setup
8
Stereo Compressor
4
R
R
in
2
L
MONO
AUX RETURNS
5
RIAA
in
out
in
out
1
CHANNEL INSERTS
1
AUX
OUT
Turntable
Right PA Speaker
Vocal Mics
1
2
Line out
from
Bass Amp
3
3
Bass Effects
4
in
out
in
out
1
CHANNEL INSERTS
1
2
3
L
L
MONO
org
9
L
1
R
2
L
R
L
MONO
10 R
L
11 MONO
Multi Effect
Processor
1
2
L
Power Amp
Mono EQ
R
R
CH
CH
1
2
L
R
Stereo EQ
OUT
red
Power
Amplifier
MAIN
OUT
CNTRL ROOM
OUTPUTS
in
(record)
L
PHONES
out
(play)
R
IN-TAPE-OUT
2-Track
Deck
L
MAIN
OUT
FULL SYMMETRY DUAL DIFFERENTIAL HIGH CURRENT DESIGN
Stage Monitors
,,,
12 R
AUX
OUT
org
INPUTS
8 R
ALT 3/4
OUT
7
Keyboard or other
line level input
CHANNEL
Drum
Machine
AUX RETURNS
MONO
6 R
Mono Compressor
in
out
4
Stereo Guitar Effects
5
Stereo Compressor
red
This setup can be easily reconfigured to become
a Mono PA setup.
A. Stereo sources should feed the left mono
side of channel input only.
B. Pan each channel hard left.
C. Connect Mono PA system to
Left main output.
FULL SYMMETRY DUAL DIFFERENTIAL HIGH CURRENT DESIGN
CH
CH
1
2
Left PA Speaker
Right PA Speaker
MS1202-VLZ Stereo PA
9
MS1202-VLZ PATCHBAY DESCRIPTION
At the risk of stating the obvious, this is
where you plug everything in: microphones,
line-level instruments and effects, headphones, and the ultimate destination for your
sound: a tape recorder, PA system, etc.
MIC INPUTS (Channels 1–4)
We use phantom-powered, balanced
microphone inputs just like the big studio
mega-consoles, for exactly the same reason:
This kind of circuit is excellent at rejecting
hum and noise. You can plug in almost any
kind of mic that has a standard XLR-type male
mic connector. To learn how signals are
routed from these inputs: . If you wire your
own, connect them like this:
2
SHIELD
HOT
1
3
COLD
SHIELD
1
COLD 3
HOT
2
COLD
2
HOT
Pin 1 = Ground or shield
Pin 2 = Positive (+ or hot)
Pin 3 = Negative (– or cold)
Professional ribbon, dynamic, and condenser mics will all sound excellent through
these inputs. The MS1202-VLZ’s mic inputs
will handle any kind of mic level you can toss
at them, without overloading. Be sure to perform the Level-Setting Procedure: .
MIC 1
MIC 4
MIC 3
MIC 2
Most modern professional condenser mics
are equipped for Phantom Power, which lets
the mixer send low-current DC voltage to the
mic’s electronics through the same wires that
carry audio. (Semipro condenser mics often
have batteries to accomplish the same thing.)
“Phantom” owes its name to an ability to be
“unseen” by dynamic mics (Shure SM57/SM58,
for instance), which don’t need external power
and aren’t affected by it anyway.
The MS1202-VLZ’s phantom power is globally
controlled by the PHANTOM switch on the
rear panel . (This means the phantom power
for channels 1-4 is turned on and off together.)
Never plug single-ended
(unbalanced) microphones or instruments into
the MIC input jacks if the
PHANTOM power is on.
Do not plug instrument outputs into the
MIC input jacks with PHANTOM power on
unless you know for certain it is safe to do so.
LINE INPUTS (Channels 1–4)
SHIELD
1
3
PHANTOM POWER
These four line inputs share circuitry (but
not phantom power) with the mic preamps,
and can be driven by balanced or unbalanced
sources at almost any level. You can use these
inputs for virtually any signal you’ll come
across, from instrument levels as low as –30dB
to operating levels of –10dBV to +4dBu, since
there is 30dB more gain available than on
channels 5–12. To learn how signals are
routed from these inputs: .
RIGHT
LEFT/MONO
BAL/UNBAL
ALL BAL/UNBAL
1
1
L
L
LEFT
2
RIGHT
R
2
R
LINE IN 1
LINE IN 2
60
-40dB
TRIM
10
10
+10dB
60
-40dB
TRIM
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
-10
GA
MIC IN
-10
GA
MIC IN
U
U
U
10
+10dB
LINE IN 4
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
-10
GA
MIC IN
-10
GA
MIC IN
U
LINE IN 3
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
10
+10dB
60
-40dB
TRIM
10
+10dB
STEREO AUX RETURNS
AUX SEND
TAPE
INPUT
TAPE
OUTPUT
MAIN OUTS
MONO
MONO
MONO
MONO
L
L
L
L
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
R
R
R
R
60
-40dB
TRIM
LINE IN 5-6
LINE IN 7-8
LINE IN 9-10
LINE IN 11-12
To connect balanced lines to these inputs,
use a 1⁄4" Tip-Ring-Sleeve (TRS) plug, the type
found on stereo headphones:
Another way to consider
LOW CUT’s function is that it
actually adds flexibility during 0
live performances. With the
addition of LOW CUT, you can
safely use LOW equalization on
Low Cut with Low EQ
vocals. Many times, bass
shelving EQ can really benefit
voices. Trouble is, adding LOW EQ also boosts
stage rumble, mic handling clunks and breath
pops. LOW CUT removes all those problems so
you can add low EQ without losing a woofer.
Here’s what the combination of LOW EQ
and LOW CUT looks like in terms of
frequency curves.
+15
+10
+5
–5
RING SLEEVE
SLEEVE RING TIP
–10
–15
TIP
20Hz
RING
TIP
SLEEVE
Tip = Positive (+ or hot)
Ring = Negative (– or cold)
Sleeve = Shield or ground
To connect unbalanced lines to these
inputs, use a 1⁄4" mono (TS) phone plug or
standard instrument cable:
SLEEVE
SLEEVE
TIP
TIP
TIP
Tip = Signal
SLEEVE
Sleeve = Ground
LINE IN inputs 1–4 are a good place to connect older instruments that need more gain.
You can correct weak levels by adjusting the
corresponding channel’s TRIM control .
LOW CUT (Channels 1–4)
The LOW CUT switch, often referred to as a
High Pass Filter (all depends on how you look
at it), cuts bass frequencies below 75Hz at a
rate of 18dB per octave.
We recommend that you use LOW CUT on
every microphone application except kick
drum, bass guitar, bassy synth patches, or
recordings of earthquakes. These aside, there
isn’t much down there that you want to hear,
and filtering it out makes the low stuff you do
want much more crisp and tasty. Not only that,
but LOW CUT can help reduce the possibility
of feedback in live situations and it helps to
conserve the amplifier power.
100Hz
1kHz
TRIM (Channels 1–4)
If you haven’t already, please read the LevelSetting Procedure .
TRIM adjusts the input sensitivity of the mic
and line inputs connected to channels 1
through 4. This allows signals from the outside
world to be adjusted to optimal internal operating levels.
If the signal originates through the XLR
jack, there will be 10dB of gain with the knob
fully down, ramping to 60dB of gain fully up.
Through the 1⁄4" input, there is 10dB of
attenuation fully down and 40dB of gain fully
up, with a “U” (unity gain) mark at 9:00. This
10dB of attenuation can be very handy when
you are inserting a signal that is very hot, or
when you want to add a lot of EQ gain, or both.
Without this “virtual pad,” a scenario like that
might lead to channel clipping.
+15
+10
+5
0
–5
–10
–15
20Hz
100Hz
1kHz
10kHz 20kHz
Low Cut
11
10kHz 20kHz
MIC 1
MIC 4
MIC 3
MIC 2
RIGHT
LEFT/MONO
ALL BAL/UNBAL
BAL/UNBAL
1
1
L
L
LEFT
2
RIGHT
R
2
R
60
-40dB
10
+10dB
60
-40dB
10
+10dB
60
-40dB
TRIM
TRIM
TRIM
U
U
U
10
+10dB
-10
GA
MIC IN
-10
GA
MIC IN
-10
GA
MIC IN
-10
GA
MIC IN
U
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
STEREO AUX RETURNS
LINE IN 4
LINE IN 3
LINE IN 2
LINE IN 1
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
10
+10dB
AUX SEND
TAPE
INPUT
TAPE
OUTPUT
MAIN OUTS
MONO
MONO
MONO
MONO
L
L
L
L
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
R
R
R
R
60
-40dB
TRIM
LINE IN 5-6
LINE IN 7-8
STEREO LINE INPUTS
(Channels 5–6, 7–8, 9–10 and 11–12)
These fully balanced inputs are designed for
stereo or mono, balanced or unbalanced signals, from –10dBV to +4dBu. They can be used
with just about any professional or semipro
instrument, effect or tape player. To learn how
signals are routed from these inputs: . To
wire your own cables: .
In the stereo audio world, an odd-numbered
channel usually receives the “left signal.” For
example, you would feed the MS1202-VLZ’s line
inputs 5-6 a stereo signal by inserting the device’s
left output plug into the channel 5 jack, and its
right output plug into the channel 6 jack.
When connecting a mono device (just one
cord), always use the LEFT (MONO) input
(LINE IN jacks 5, 7, 9 or 11) and plug nothing
into the RIGHT input (LINE IN jacks 6, 8, 10 or
12)— this way the signal will appear on both
sides. This trick is called “jack normalling” .
LINE IN 9-10
LINE IN 11-12
EFFECTS: SERIAL OR
PARALLEL?
The next two sections toss
the terms “serial” and “parallel” around like hacky sacks.
Here’s what we mean by them.
“Serial” means that the entire signal is
routed through the effects device. Examples:
compressor/limiters, graphic equalizers. Linelevel sources can be patched through a serial
effects device before or after the mixer, or preferably through the insert jacks located on the
rear panel (CHANNEL INSERT send/return).
“Parallel” means that a portion of the signal
in the mixer is tapped off to the device (AUX
SEND), processed and returned to the mixer
(STEREO AUX RETURN) to be mixed with the
original “dry” signal. This way, multiple channels can all make use of the same effects
device. Examples: reverb, digital delay. (See
diagrams below.)
Serial device
Insert
Send
Insert
Return
Signal Processor
(e.g., Compressor)
Dry Signal
Processed
Signal
Parallel device
Aux
Send
Aux
Return
Signal Processor
(e.g., Reverb)
Output
Section
Wet Signal
Mix
Stage
Channel Path
Dry Signal(s)
12
PHONES
Dry Signal(s)
Processed
Signal
CHANNEL INSERT
(Channels 1–4 )
AUX RETURNS
These jacks, on the back
of the MicroSeries 1202-VLZ,
are where you connect serial
effects such as compressors, equalizers, deessers, or filters . Since most people don’t
have more than a few of these gadgets, we’ve
included inserts for just the first four channels. If you want to use this kind of processing
on channels 5 through 12, simply patch
through the processor before you plug into the
MS1202-VLZ.
The CHANNEL INSERT points are after the
TRIM and LOW CUT controls, but before the
channel’s EQ and GAIN controls. The send
(tip) is low-impedance (120 ohms), capable of
driving any line-level device. The return (ring)
is high-impedance (over 2.5k ohms) and can
be driven by almost any device.
Insert cables must be wired thusly:
tip
SEND to processor
ring
sleeve
(TRS plug)
This plug connects to one of the
mixer’s Channel Insert jacks.
“tip”
“ring”
RETURN from processor
Tip = Send (output to effects device)
Ring = Return (input from effects device)
Sleeve = Common ground (connect shield to
all three sleeves)
Besides being used for inserting external
devices, these jacks can also be used as channel direct outputs; post-TRIM, post-LOW CUT,
and pre EQ. In fact, Mackie mic preamps have
become so famous that people buy these mixers just to have four of these preamps in their
arsenal. Here’s three ways you can use the
CHANNEL INSERT jacks:
MONO PLUG
This is where you connect the outputs of
your parallel effects devices (or extra audio
sources). These balanced inputs are similar to
the stereo LINE IN inputs (without EQ, Aux
Sends, Pan, Mute, and Solo). The circuits will
handle stereo or mono, balanced or unbalanced
signals, either instrument level, –10dBV or
+4dBu. They can be used with just about any
pro or semipro effects device on the market.
To learn how signals are routed from these
inputs, see .
One Device: If you have
just one parallel effects
device, use STEREO AUX
RETURN 1 and leave STEREO AUX RETURN 2
unplugged. That way, the unused AUX RETURN 2 level control can be used to feed
AUX RETURN 1 to your stage monitors, via
the EFX TO MONITOR switch .
Mono Device: If you have an effects device with a mono output (one cord), plug
that into STEREO AUX RETURN 1, LEFT/
MONO, and leave AUX RETURN 1, RIGHT,
unplugged. That way the signal will be sent
to both sides, magically appearing in the
center as a mono signal. This won’t work
with AUX RETURN 2 — you’ll need a Y-cord.
OR ELECTRIC SHOCK, DO NOT
NOT REMOVE COVER.
NG TO QUALIFIED PERSONNEL.
SERIAL NUMBER
MANUFACTURING DATE
S OUVRIR
ECHANGE DE MÊME TYPE.
REMPLACER LE FUSIBLE
( PRE-FADER / PRE EQ TIP SEND / RING RETURN)
4
CKIE DESIGNS INC.
CHANNEL INSERTS
2
3
1
WOODINVILLE WASHINGTON MADE IN USA
Channel Insert jack
Direct out with no signal interruption to master.
Insert only to first “click.”
MONO PLUG
Channel Insert jack
Direct out with signal interruption to master.
Insert all the way in to the second “click.”
STEREO
PLUG
Channel Insert jack
For use as an effects loop.
(TIP = SEND to effect, RING = RETURN from effect.)
13
MIC 1
MIC 4
MIC 3
MIC 2
RIGHT
LEFT/MONO
ALL BAL/UNBAL
BAL/UNBAL
1
1
L
L
LEFT
2
RIGHT
R
2
R
LINE IN 1
LINE IN 2
10
+10dB
60
-40dB
TRIM
10
+10dB
60
-40dB
TRIM
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
-10
GA
MIC IN
-10
GA
MIC IN
U
U
U
STEREO AUX RETURNS
LINE IN 4
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
-10
GA
MIC IN
-10
GA
MIC IN
U
LINE IN 3
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
10
+10dB
60
-40dB
TRIM
10
+10dB
TAPE
INPUT
TAPE
OUTPUT
MAIN OUTS
MONO
MONO
MONO
L
L
L
L
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
R
R
R
R
60
-40dB
TRIM
LINE IN 5-6
TAPE INPUT
These RCA jacks are designed to work with
semipro as well as pro recorders. To compensate for typically low levels, signals coming in
here will be automatically boosted by 6dB.
Connect your tape recorder’s outputs here,
using standard hi-fi (RCA) cables. To learn how
signals are routed from these inputs, see .
SLEEVE TIP SLEEVE TIP
Use these jacks for convenient tape playback of your mixes. You’ll be able to review a
mix and then rewind and try another pass
without repatching or disturbing the mixer levels. You can also use these jacks with a
portable tape or CD player to feed music to a
PA system between sets.
WARNING: Engaging
both the TAPE and
ASSIGN TO MAIN MIX
buttons in the SOURCE
matrix can create a feedback path between TAPE INPUT and TAPE
OUTPUT. Make sure your tape deck is not
in record, record-pause, or input monitor
mode when you engage these switches, or
make sure the CONTROL ROOM / PHONES
level knob is fully counterclockwise (off).
14
AUX SEND
MONO
LINE IN 7-8
LINE IN 9-10
PHONES
LINE IN 11-12
Outputs? The MS1202-VLZ has plenty of ’em:
XLR main outputs, 1⁄4" MAIN OUTS, RCA TAPE
OUTPUT, PHONES, CONTROL ROOM and
AUX SEND 1 and 2. Let’s take a peek.
XLR MAIN OUTS
These low-impedance outputs are fully balanced and capable of driving +4dBu lines with
up to 28dB of headroom. This output is 6dB
hotter than other outputs (noted on the MAIN
MIX level pot by a special “U BAL” mark, just
left of the “U” center detent position). To learn
how signals are routed to these outputs: .
To use these outputs, wire the XLR
(balanced only) connectors like this:
2
SHIELD
HOT
COLD
SHIELD
COLD 3
HOT
1
3
2
SHIELD
COLD
2
Pin 1 = Ground
Pin 2 = Positive (+ or hot)
Pin 3 = Negative (– or cold)
1
3
1
HOT
XLR MAIN OUTPUT LEVEL SWITCH
Engaging the MAIN OUTPUT LEVEL switch
pads the balanced XLR main outputs by 30dB,
so you can feed the microphone input of, say,
another mixer.
You can safely connect this output into an
input that provides 48V phantom power.
1⁄4"
For most music recording and PA applications, unbalanced lines are perfectly
acceptable. To use these outputs to drive unbalanced inputs, connect 1⁄4" TS (Tip-Sleeve)
phone plugs like this:
SLEEVE
SLEEVE
TIP
TIP
TIP
MAIN OUTS
These 1⁄4" jacks are balanced outputs capable of delivering 22dBu into a 600 ohm
balanced or unbalanced load. (Okay, we admit
it, that was a pretty technical sentence. See
the Glossary and Connections appendices if
you want to decode it.)
To learn how signals are routed to these 1⁄4"
outputs: .
To use these outputs to drive balanced inputs, connect 1⁄4" TRS (Tip-Ring-Sleeve)
phone plugs like this:
RING SLEEVE
SLEEVE RING TIP
TIP
RING
TIP
SLEEVE
Tip = + (hot)
Sleeve = Ground
TAPE OUTPUT
These unbalanced RCA connections tap the
main output to make simultaneous recording
and PA work more convenient. Connect these
to your recorder’s inputs. To learn how signals
are routed to these outputs: .
Mono Out: If you want to feed a mono signal
to your tape deck or other device, simply use
an RCA Y-cord to combine these outputs
(Radio Shack® #42-4235, for instance). Do not
attempt this with any other outputs on the
MS1202-VLZ.
SLEEVE TIP SLEEVE TIP
SLEEVE
Tip = + (hot)
Ring = – (cold)
Sleeve = Ground
ON
TM
ON
MICRO SERIES
1202-VLZ
LOW NOISE HIGH HEADROOM
12-CHANNEL MIC/LINE MIXER
RIGHT
POWER
120 VAC 50/60 Hz 20W
315mA/250V SLO-BLO
CAUTION:
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF
FIRE REPLACE WITH SAME
TYPE FUSE AND RATING
PHANTOM
LEFT
+4
MIC
MAIN
OUTPUT
LEVEL
15
MIC 1
MIC 4
MIC 3
MIC 2
RIGHT
LEFT/MONO
ALL BAL/UNBAL
BAL/UNBAL
1
1
L
L
LEFT
2
RIGHT
R
2
R
LINE IN 1
LINE IN 2
10
+10dB
60
-40dB
TRIM
10
+10dB
60
-40dB
TRIM
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
-10
GA
MIC IN
-10
GA
MIC IN
U
U
U
STEREO AUX RETURNS
LINE IN 4
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
-10
GA
MIC IN
-10
GA
MIC IN
U
LINE IN 3
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
10
+10dB
60
-40dB
TRIM
10
+10dB
AUX SEND
TAPE
INPUT
TAPE
OUTPUT
MAIN OUTS
MONO
MONO
MONO
MONO
L
L
L
L
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
R
R
R
R
60
-40dB
LINE IN 5-6
TRIM
PHONES
LINE IN 7-8
LINE IN 9-10
LINE IN 11-12
PHONES
ALT 3/4
The MS1202-VLZ’s stereo PHONES jack will
drive any standard headphone to very loud levels. Walkperson-type phones can also be used
with an appropriate adapter. To learn how signals are routed to these outputs: . If you’re
wiring your own cable for the PHONES output,
follow standard conventions:
RING SLEEVE
SLEEVE RIGHT LEFT
TIP
RIGHT
These 1⁄4" jacks are balanced outputs capable
of delivering 22dBu into a balanced or unbalanced load. To learn how signals are routed to
these outputs: . To wire your own cables: .
CONTROL ROOM
These 1⁄4" jacks are balanced outputs
capable of delivering 22dBu into a 600 ohm
balanced or unbalanced load. To learn how
signals are routed to these outputs: . To
wire your own cables: .
LEFT
SLEEVE
Tip = Left channel
Ring = Right channel
Sleeve = Common ground
WARNING: When we say
the headphone amp is
loud, we’re not kidding. It
can cause permanent ear
damage. Even intermediate levels may be painfully loud with some
earphones. BE CAREFUL!
Always turn the PHONES knob all the way
down before connecting headphones. Keep it
down until you’ve put the phones on. Then
turn it up slowly. Why? “Engineers who fry
their ears find themselves with short careers.”
16
AUX SEND 1&2
These 1⁄4" jacks are also balanced outputs
capable of delivering 22dBu into a 600 ohm
balanced or unbalanced load. To learn how
signals are routed to these outputs: . To
wire your own cables: .
POWER CONNECTION
FUSE
Just in case you lose the cord provided with
the MS1202-VLZ, its power jack accepts a standard 3-prong IEC cord like those found on
most professional recorders, musical instruments, and computers.
At the other end of our cord is — get this
— a plug! Not a black cube or, as we’re fond of
calling them, a “wall wart.” We did this for
some very good reasons:
The MS1202-VLZ has sophisticated power
requirements that a wall wart cannot provide.
Wall warts are inconvenient, fragile, radiate
huge hum fields, hog extra jacks on your
power strip and get in the way. If you lose a
wall wart, you’re in trouble, but if you lose the
MS1202-VLZ’s power cord, you can get a new
one at any electronics, music, or computer
store. You can even buy them at Radio Shack®
(part # 278-1257). Can you tell that we hate
wall warts?
Plug the MS1202-VLZ into any standard
grounded AC outlet or into a power strip of
proper voltage.
WARNING: Disconnecting
the plug’s ground pin can
be dangerous. Please
don’t do it.
ON
TM
ON
120 VAC 50/60 Hz 20W
315mA/250V SLO-BLO
CAUTION:
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF
FIRE REPLACE WITH SAME
TYPE FUSE AND RATING
PHANTOM
If this one isn’t self-explanatory, we give up.
You can leave this switch on all the time; the
MS1202-VLZ is conservatively designed, so
heat buildup isn’t a problem even in 24-hour-aday operation. There’s nothing that will burn
out or get used up.
You may notice that the MS1202-VLZ feels
quite warm in the upper-right corner. This is
perfectly normal.
(“Perfectly normal.” Is that redundant?)
PHANTOM SWITCH
The PHANTOM power switch controls the
phantom power supply for condenser microphones plugged into channels 1-4 MIC inputs
as discussed at the start of this section .
When turned on (or off), the phantom power
circuitry takes a few moments for voltage to
ramp up (or down). This is also perfectly normal.
For an even closer look, refer to Appendix C.
CAUTION
WARNING: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF FIRE OR ELECTRIC SHOCK, DO NOT
+4
MIC
R
BAL/UNBAL
MANUFACTURING DATE
UTILISE UN FUSIBLE DE RECHANGE DE MÊME TYPE.
DEBRANCHER AVANT DE REMPLACER LE FUSIBLE
ALT
OUTPUT
CONTROL
ROOM
LEFT
SERIAL NUMBER
EXPOSE THIS EQUIPMENT TO RAIN OR MOISTURE. DO NOT REMOVE COVER.
NO USER SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE. REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED PERSONNEL.
AVIS: RISCQUE DE CHOC ÉLECTRIQUE — NE PAS OUVRIR
REPLACE WITH THE SAME TYPE FUSE AND RATING.
DISCONNECT SUPPLY CORD BEFORE CHANGING FUSE
LOW NOISE HIGH HEADROOM
12-CHANNEL MIC/LINE MIXER
POWER
POWER SWITCH
RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT OPEN
MICRO SERIES
1202-VLZ
RIGHT
The MS1202-VLZ is fused for your (and its
own) protection. If you suspect a blown fuse,
disconnect the cord, pull the fuse drawer out
(located just below the cord receptacle) and
replace the fuse with a 500mA (0.5 amps) SLO
BLO 5x20mm, available at electronics stores or
your dealer (or a 250mA SLO BLO 5x20mm if
your MS1202-VLZ is a 220V–240V unit).
If two fuses blow in a row, something is very
wrong. Please call our toll-free number
1-800-258-6883 from within the U.S. (or the distributor in your country) and find out what to do.
L
R
BAL/UNBAL
( PRE-FADER / PRE EQ TIP SEND / RING RETURN)
L
4
CHANNEL INSERTS
2
3
1
MAIN
OUTPUT
LEVEL
CONCEIVED, DESIGNED, AND MANUFACTURED BY MACKIE DESIGNS INC.
WOODINVILLE WASHINGTON MADE IN USA
17
CHANNEL STRIP DESCRIPTION
The eight channel strips look alike, and
function identically. The only difference is that
the four on the left are for individual mics or
mono instruments and have more gain available, while the next four are for either stereo
or mono line-level sources. (Each of the stereo
channel strips is actually two complete circuits. The controls are linked together to
preserve stereo.) We’ll start at the bottom and
work our way up…
“U” LIKE UNITY GAIN
Mackie mixers have a
“U” symbol on almost every
level control. This “U”
stands for “unity gain,”
meaning no change in signal level. Once you
have adjusted the input signal to line-level ,
you can set every control at
U
“U” and your signals will
AUX
travel through the mixer at
1
MON/
EFX
optimal levels. What’s
OO
+15
more, all the labels on our
U
level controls are measured
2
in decibels (dB), so you’ll
EFX
know what you’re doing
OO
+15
level-wise if you choose to
U
EQ
change a control’s settings.
HI
You won’t have to check
12kHz
it
here
and check it there,
-15
+15
as you would with some
U
other mixers. In fact, some
MID
2.5kHz
don’t even have any refer-12
+12
ence to actual dB levels at
U
all! Ever seen those “0–10”
LOW
fader markings? We call
80Hz
these AUMs (Arbitrary
-15
+15
Units of Measurement),
PAN
and they mean nothing in
the real world. You were
smart — you bought a
L R
Mackie.
1
MUTE
ALT 3-4
PRE FADER
SOLO
U
OO
+20dB
GAIN
18
GAIN
The rotary GAIN knob controls the channel’s
level… from off to unity gain at the detent, on
up to 20dB of additional gain. The GAIN knob is
the equivalent of a channel fader. Channels 1
through 4 use mono controls, and channels 5
through 12 use stereo controls, and may feel
slightly different. Not a problem.
PRE-FADER SOLO
This lovable switch allows you to hear signals through your headphones or control room
without having to route them to the MAIN
MIX or ALT 3-4 mix. You don’t even have to
have the channel’s GAIN knob turned up.
Folks use solo in live work to preview channels
before they are let into the mix, or to just
check out what a particular channel is up to
anytime during a session. You can solo as many
channels at a time as you like.
Solo is also the key player in the LevelSetting Procedure .
Soloed channels are sent to the SOURCE
mix , which ultimately feeds your CONTROL
ROOM, PHONES and meter display. Whenever SOLO is engaged, all SOURCE selections
(MAIN MIX, ALT 3-4 and TAPE) are defeated,
to allow the soloed signal to do just that — solo!
WARNING: PRE-FADER
SOLO taps the channel
signal before the GAIN
knob. If you have a
channel’s GAIN knob set
below “U” (unity gain), SOLO won’t know
that and will send a unity gain signal to the
CONTROL ROOM, PHONES and meter display. That may result in a startling level
boost at these outputs.
MUTE/ALT 3-4
The dual-purpose MUTE/ALT 3-4 bus is a
Mackie signature. When Greg was designing
our first product, he had to include a MUTE
switch for each channel. MUTE switches do
just what they sound like they do. They turn
off the signal by “routing” it into oblivion. “Gee,
what a waste,” Greg reasoned. “Why not have
the mute button route the signal somewhere
else useful… like a separate stereo bus?” So
MUTE/ALT 3-4 really serves two functions —
muting (often used during a mixdown or live
show), and signal routing (for multitrack and
live work) where it acts as an extra stereo bus.
To use this as a MUTE switch, all you have to
do is not use the ALT 3-4 outputs. Then, whenever you assign a channel to these unused
outputs, you’ll also be disconnecting it from the
MAIN MIX, effectively muting the channel.
To use this as an ALT 3-4 switch, all you
have to do is connect the ALT 3-4 outputs to
whatever destination you desire. Two popular
examples:
When doing multitrack recording, use the
ALT 3-4 outputs to feed your multitrack. With
most decks, you can mult the ALT 3-4 outputs,
using Y-cords or mults, to feed multiple tracks.
So, take ALT OUTPUT L and send it to tracks
1, 3, 5 and 7, and ALT OUTPUT R and send it
to tracks 2, 4, 6 and 8. Now, tracks that are in
Record or Input modes will hear the ALT 3-4
signals, and tracks in Playback or Safe modes
will ignore them.
When doing live sound or mixdown, it’s often
handy to control the level of several channels
with one knob. That’s called subgrouping. Simply assign these channels to the ALT 3-4 mix,
engage ALT 3-4 in the SOURCE matrix, and the
signals will appear at the CONTROL ROOM
and PHONES outputs. If you want the ALT 3-4
signals to go back into the MAIN MIX, engage
the ASSIGN TO MAIN MIX switch , and the
CONTROL ROOM/PHONES level control becomes the one knob to control the levels of all
channels assigned to ALT 3-4.
Another way to do the same thing is assign
the channels to the ALT 3-4 mix, then patch
out of the ALT OUTPUT L and R back into an
unused stereo channel (5–6, 7–8, 9–10 or
11–12). If that’s your choice, don’t ever engage
the MUTE/ALT 3-4 switch on that stereo channel, or you’ll have every dog in the
neighborhood howling at your feedback loop.
Another benefit of the ALT 3-4 feature is
that it can act as a “SIP” (Solo-In-Place): just
engage a channel's MUTE/ALT 3-4 switch and
the ALT 3-4 switch in the SOURCE matrix
and you’ll get that channel, all by itself, in the
CONTROL ROOM and PHONES.
MUTE/ALT 3-4 is one of those controls that
can bewilder newcomers, so take your time and
play around with it. Once you’ve got it down,
you’ll probably think of a hundred uses for it!
PAN
PAN adjusts the amount of channel signal
sent to the left versus the right outputs. On
mono channels (ch. 1–4 or 5–12 with connections to the L input only) these controls
act as pan pots. On stereo channels (5–12)
with stereo connections to L and R inputs, the
PAN knob works like the balance control on
your home stereo.
PAN determines the fate of the MAIN MIX
(1–2) and ALT 3-4 mix. With the PAN knob
hard left, the signal will feed either MAIN OUT
L (bus 1) or ALT OUTPUT L (bus 3), depending
on the position of the ALT 3-4 switch. With the
knob hard right, the signal feeds MAIN OUT R
(bus 2) or ALT OUTPUT R (bus 4).
CONSTANT
LOUDNESS ! ! !
The MS1202-VLZ’s PAN
controls employ a design
called “Constant Loudness.” It has nothing to do with living next to
a freeway. As you turn the PAN knob from left
to right (thereby causing the sound to move
from the left to the center to the right), the
sound will appear to remain at the same
volume (or loudness).
If you have a channel panned hard left (or
right) and reading 0dB, it must dip down
about 4dB on the left (or right) when panned
center. To do otherwise (the way Brand X compact mixers do) would make the sound appear
much louder when panned center.
3-BAND EQ
The MicroSeries 1202-VLZ
has 3-band equalization at
carefully selected points —
LOW shelving at 80Hz, MID peaking at 2.5kHz,
and HI shelving at 12kHz. “Shelving” means that
the circuitry boosts or cuts all frequencies past
the specified frequency. For example, rotating
the MS1202-VLZ’s LOW EQ knob 15dB to the
right boosts bass starting at 80Hz and continuing down to the lowest note you never heard.
“Peaking” means that certain frequencies form a
“hill” around the center frequency — 2.5kHz in
the case of the MID EQ.
19
LOW EQ
This control gives you up to 15dB boost or
cut at 80Hz. The circuit is flat (no boost or
cut) at the center detent position. This frequency represents the punch in bass drums,
bass guitar, fat synth patches, and some really
serious male singers.
Used in conjunction with the
LOW CUT switch , you can boost
the LOW EQ without injecting a
ton of subsonic debris into the mix.
+15
+10
+5
0
–5
MID EQ
–10
–15
20Hz
100Hz
1kHz
10kHz 20kHz
1kHz
10kHz 20kHz
Low EQ
+15
+10
+5
0
–5
–10
–15
20Hz
100Hz
Low EQ with Low Cut
+15
+10
Short for “midrange,” this knob
provides 12dB of boost or cut, centered at 2.5kHz, also flat at the
center detent. Midrange EQ is
often thought of as the most dynamic, because the frequencies
that define any particular sound
are almost always found in this
range. You can create many interesting and useful EQ changes by
turning this knob down as well as
up.
HI EQ
+5
0
This control gives you up to 15dB
boost or cut at 12kHz, and it is also
flat at the detent. Use it to add
sizzle to cymbals, and an overall
sense of transparency, or edge to
keyboards, vocals, guitar and bacon
frying. Turn it down a little to reduce sibilance, or to hide tape hiss.
–5
–10
–15
20Hz
100Hz
1kHz
10kHz 20kHz
Mid EQ
+15
+10
+5
0
Moderation during EQ
–5
–10
–15
20Hz
100Hz
1kHz
Hi EQ
With EQ, you can also screw
things up royally. We’ve designed a
lot of boost and cut into each
equalizer circuit, because we know everyone
will occasionally need that. But if you max the
EQs on every channel, you’ll get mix mush.
Equalize subtly and use the left sides of the
knobs (cut), as well as the right (boost). Very
few gold-record-album engineers ever use
10kHz 20kHz
GAIN
(FADER)
INPUT
TRIM
LO CUT
INSERT
PAN
EQ
more than about 3dB of EQ. If you need more
than that, there’s usually a better way to get it,
such as placing a mic differently (or using a
different kind of mic entirely).
AUX SEND
These tap a portion of each channel signal
out to another source for parallel effects processing or stage monitoring. AUX send levels
are controlled by the channel’s AUX 1 and AUX
2 knobs and by the AUX 1 MASTER .
These are more than just effects and monitor sends. They can be used to generate
separate mixes for recording or “mix-minuses”
for broadcast. By using AUX 1 in the PRE
mode , these mix levels can be obtained independently of the channel’s GAIN control.
AUX 1 in post mode and AUX 2 are postLOW CUT, post-EQ and post-GAIN. That is,
the sends obey the settings of these controls.
AUX 1 in PRE mode follows the EQ and LOW
CUT settings only. PAN and GAIN have no effect on the PRE send (see diagram below).
Each AUX send level ranges from off through
unity (the center detent position) on up to
15dB of extra gain (when turned fully clockwise). Chances are you’ll never need this extra
gain, but it’s nice to know it’s there if you do.
Channel 5–12 AUX pots control the mono
sum of the channel’s stereo signals for each
AUX send. For instance, channel 5 (L) and 6
(R) mix together to feed that channel’s AUX
send knobs.
We recommend going into a stereo reverb
in mono and returning in stereo. We have
found that on most “stereo” reverbs the second input just ties up an extra AUX send and
adds nothing to the sound. There are exceptions, so feel free to try it both ways. If your
effects device is true stereo all the way
through, use AUX 1 to feed its left input and
AUX 2 to feed the right input.
Still with us? Good for you. Here come the
tricky parts, where the mixing is really done.
MAIN / ALT
"POST" SIGNAL OBEYS
MUTE STATUS
AUX 2 KNOB
“Pre vs. Post”
Signal Flow Diagram
TO AUX SEND 2 LEVEL
"POST" SIGNAL
"PRE" SIGNAL
AUX 1 KNOB
TO AUX SEND 1 LEVEL
AUX SEND 1 PRE/POST SWITCH
(IN MASTER SECTION)
20
OUTPUT SECTION DESCRIPTION
MAIN MIX
As the name implies, this knob controls the
levels of signals sent to the main outputs: XLR
LEFT and RIGHT , 1⁄4" MAIN OUTS and RCA
TAPE OUTPUT . All channels and AUX RETURNS that are not muted or turned fully down
will wind up in the MAIN MIX.
Fully counterclockwise is off, the center detent
is unity gain, and fully clockwise provides 10dB
additional gain. This additional gain will typically
never be needed, but once again, it’s nice to know
it’s there. This is the knob to turn down at the end
of the song when you want The Great Fade-Out.
VLZ MIX ARCHITECTURE
When designing a mixing circuit, the lowest noise and best
crosstalk specs are achieved by
using Very Low Impedance
(VLZ). To implement VLZ in a mixer, the power supply must be able to deliver plenty of current to the
circuitry. That’s why those “wall wart” mixers are often noisy–they can’t power a VLZ circuit.
At Mackie, audio quality is much more important
than the price of wall warts. All of our mixers employ
VLZ and built-in power supplies that deliver more
than enough current, resulting in sonic specifications
that rival consoles upwards of $50,000!
Selections made in the SOURCE matrix deliver
stereo signals to the CONTROL ROOM, PHONES
and meter display. With no switches engaged,
there will be no signal at these outputs and no
meter indication.
The exception to that is the SOLO function .
Regardless of the SOURCE matrix selection,
engaging a channel’s SOLO switch will replace
that selection with the SOLO signal, also sent
to the CONTROL ROOM, PHONES and right
meter (the left meter becomes inactive). This
is what makes the Level-Setting Procedure
so easy to do.
WARNING: Engaging
both the TAPE and
ASSIGN TO MAIN MIX
buttons in the SOURCE
matrix can create a feedback path between TAPE INPUT and TAPE
OUTPUT. Make sure your tape deck is not
in record, record-pause, or input monitor
mode when you engage these switches, or
make sure the CONTROL ROOM / PHONES
level knob is fully counterclockwise (off).
+10
OO
SOURCE MATRIX
Typically, the engineer sends the MAIN MIX to
an audience (if live) or a mixdown deck (if recording). But what if the engineer needs to hear
something other than the MAIN MIX? With the
New Improved MS1202-VLZ, the engineer has several choices of what to listen to. This is one of
those tricky parts, so buckle up.
Via the SOURCE switches, you can choose to
listen to any combination of MAIN MIX, ALT 3-4
and TAPE. By now, you probably know what the
MAIN MIX is. ALT 3-4 is that additional stereo mix
bus . TAPE is the stereo signal coming in from
the TAPE INPUT RCA jacks .
U
U
1
+20
OO
AUX 1 MASTER
NORMALLED
U
2
MON/PRE
POST
AUX 1
SELECT
EFX TO
MONITOR
+20
OO
AUX
RETURN
POWER
RIGHT
LEFT
0dB=0dBu
SOURCE
+28
CLIP
+10
MAIN
MIX
+7
+4
ALT 3-4
+2
0
-2
TAPE
-4
-7
LEVEL SET
-10
ASSIGN
TO MAIN MIX
-20
-30
RUDE
SOLO
LIGHT
U
BAL
U
OO
CONTROL
ROOM
MAX
/ PHONES
U
OO
+10dB
MAIN MIX
21
Now you know how to select the signals you
want to send to the engineer’s control room or
phones. From there, these signals all pass
through the same level control, aptly named:
CONTROL ROOM/PHONES
As you might expect, this knob controls the
levels of both the stereo CONTROL ROOM
outputs and PHONES outputs . The control range is from off through unity gain at the
detent, with 10dB of extra gain (when turned
fully clockwise).
When MAIN MIX is your SOURCE selection, those signals will now pass through two
level controls on the way to your control room
amp and phones — the MAIN MIX knob and
this CONTROL ROOM / PHONES knob. This
way, you can send a nice healthy level to the
MAIN OUTS (MAIN MIX knob at “U”), and a
quiet level to the control room or phones
(CONTROL ROOM / PHONES knob wherever
you like it).
When ALT 3-4 or TAPE is selected, or SOLO
is engaged, CONTROL ROOM / PHONES
knob will be the only one controlling these
levels (channel controls not withstanding).
Whatever your selection, you can also use
the CONTROL ROOM outputs for other applications. Its sound quality is just as impeccable
as the MAIN OUTS. It can be used as additional MAIN MIX output, which may sound
silly since there are already three, but this one
has its own level control. However, should you
do something like this, be sure that you do not
engage a SOLO switch, as that will interrupt
your SOURCE selection.
are then controlled by the CONTROL ROOM /
PHONES knob. The SOLO levels appearing on
the right meter display are not controlled by
anything — you wouldn’t want that. You want
to see the actual channel level on the meter
display regardless of how loud you’re listening.
“PRE-FADER” SOLO means that the channel
signal is being tapped before the channel’s
GAIN knob (not really a fader in this case, but
we were afraid you’d laugh if we called it PreKnob Solo). It does, however, obey TRIM, LOW
CUT and EQ settings, making it the perfect tool
for quick inspections of suspect channels. The
channel’s PAN and MUTE/ALT 3-4 settings have
no effect on the SOLO signal.
Note: For stereo channels 5-12, the solo signal
is the mono sum of the left (odd-numbered)
and right (even-numbered) signals for that
channel strip.
WARNING: PRE-FADER
SOLO taps the channel
signal before the GAIN
knob. If you have a
channel’s GAIN knob set
below “U” (unity gain), SOLO won’t know
that, and will send a unity gain signal to
the CONTROL ROOM, PHONES and meter
display. That may result in a startling level
boost at these outputs.
U
U
+10
OO
1
+20
OO
AUX 1 MASTER
NORMALLED
U
2
MON/PRE
POST
AUX 1
SELECT
EFX TO
MONITOR
+20
OO
AUX
RETURN
POWER
PRE-FADER SOLO (PFL)
RIGHT
LEFT
0dB=0dBu
Engaging a channel’s SOLO switch will
cause this dramatic turn of events: Any existing SOURCE matrix selections will be replaced
by the SOLO signal, appearing at the CONTROL ROOM outputs, PHONES outputs, and
at the right meter. The audible SOLO levels
SOURCE
+28
+7
+4
ALT 3-4
+2
0
-2
TAPE
-4
-7
-10
ASSIGN
TO MAIN MIX
-20
-30
RUDE
SOLO
LIGHT
U
BAL
U
OO
CONTROL
ROOM
22
CLIP
+10
MAIN
MIX
MAX
/ PHONES
U
OO
+10dB
MAIN MIX
LEVEL SET
RUDE SOLO LIGHT
This flashing Light Emitting Diode serves
two purposes — to remind you that at least one
channel is in SOLO, and to let you know that
you’re mixing on a Mackie. No other company
is so concerned about your level of SOLO awareness. If you work on a mixer that has a solo
function with no indicator lights, and you happen
to forget you’re in solo, you can easily be
tricked into thinking that something is wrong
with your mixer. Hence the RUDE SOLO
LIGHT. It’s especially handy at about 3AM
when no sound is coming out of your monitors
but your multitrack is playing back like mad.
ASSIGN TO MAIN MIX
Let’s say you’re doing a live show. Intermission is nearing and you’ll want to play a
soothing CD for the crowd to prevent them
from becoming antsy. Then you think, “But I
have the CD player plugged into the TAPE
inputs, and that never gets to the MAIN
OUTS!” Oh, but it does. Simply engage this
switch and your SOURCE matrix selection,
after going through the CONTROL ROOM /
PHONES knob, will feed into the MAIN MIX,
just as if it were another stereo channel.
Another handy use for this switch is to enable the ALT 3-4 mix to become a submix of
the MAIN MIX , using the CONTROL
ROOM/PHONES knob as its level control.
Side effects: (1) Engaging this switch will
also feed any soloed channels into the MAIN
MIX, which may be the last thing you want. (2)
If you have MAIN MIX as your SOURCE matrix
selection and then engage ASSIGN TO MAIN
MIX, the MAIN MIX lines to the SOURCE matrix will be interrupted to prevent feedback.
Then again, why on earth would anyone want
to assign the MAIN MIX to the MAIN MIX?
METERS – MANY DISPLAYS IN ONE!
The MS1202-VLZ’s peak metering system is
made up of two columns of twelve LEDs. Deceptively simple, considering the multitude of
signals that can be monitored by it.
If nothing is selected in the SOURCE
matrix and no channels are in SOLO, the
METERS will just sit there and do nothing. To
put them to work, you must make a selection in the SOURCE matrix (or engage a
SOLO switch).
Why? You want the meter display to reflect
what the engineer is listening to, and as we’ve
covered, the engineer is listening either to the
CONTROL ROOM outputs or the PHONES
outputs. The only difference is that while the
listening levels are controlled by the CONTROL
ROOM / PHONES knob, the meters read the
SOURCE mix before that control, giving you
the real facts at all times, even if you’re not
listening at all.
Thanks to the MS1202-VLZ’s wide dynamic
range, you can get a good mix with peaks flashing anywhere between –20 and +10dB on the
METERS. Most amplifiers clip at about +10dB,
and some recorders aren’t so forgiving either.
For best real-world results, try to keep your
peaks between “0” and “+7”.
You may already be an
expert at the world of “+4”
(+4dBu=1.23V) and “–10”
(–10dBV=0.32V) operating
levels. Basically, what makes
a mixer one or the other is the relative 0dB VU
(or 0VU) chosen for the meters. A “+4” mixer,
with a +4dBu signal pouring out the back will
actually read 0VU on its meters. A “–10” mixer,
with a –10dBV signal trickling out, will read,
you guessed it, 0VU on its meters. So when is
0VU actually 0dBu? Right now!
At the risk of creating another standard,
Mackie’s compact mixers address the need of
both crowds by calling things as they are —
0dBu (0.775V) at the output shows as 0dB VU
on the METERS. What could be easier? By the
way, the most wonderful thing about standards
is that there are so many to choose from.
Remember, audio meters are just tools to
help assure you that your levels are “in the
ballpark.” You don’t have to stare at them
(unless you want to).
23
AUX 1 SELECT (MON/PRE or POST)
AUX TALK
First of all, there is no
particular alliance between
AUX SEND 1 (or 2) and AUX
RETURN 1 (or 2). They’re
just numbers. They’re like two complete
strangers, both named Fred.
Sends are outputs, returns are inputs. The
AUX knob taps the signal off the channel
and sends it to the AUX SEND outputs . The
AUX 1 signal is sent to the AUX 1 MASTER
knob before going to the AUX SEND 1 output
and the AUX 2 signal goes directly to the AUX
SEND 2 output.
These outputs are fed to the inputs of a reverb or other device. From there, the outputs of
this external device are fed back to the mixer’s
AUX RETURN jacks . Then these signals are
sent through the AUX RETURN level controls,
and finally delivered to the MAIN MIX.
So, the original “dry” signals go from the
channels to the MAIN MIX and the affected
“wet” signals go from the AUX RETURN to the
MAIN MIX, and once mixed together, the dry
and wet signals combine to create a glorious
sound. So, armed with this knowledge, let’s
visit the Auxiliary World:
U
U
+10
OO
1
+20
OO
AUX 1 MASTER
NORMALLED
U
2
MON/PRE
POST
AUX 1
SELECT
EFX TO
MONITOR
+20
OO
AUX
RETURN
POWER
RIGHT
LEFT
0dB=0dBu
SOURCE
+28
CLIP
+10
MAIN
MIX
+7
+4
ALT 3-4
+2
0
-2
TAPE
-4
-7
-10
ASSIGN
TO MAIN MIX
-20
-30
RUDE
SOLO
LIGHT
U
BAL
U
OO
CONTROL
ROOM
24
MAX
/ PHONES
U
OO
+10dB
MAIN MIX
LEVEL SET
Besides being used to work effects into your
mix, Aux Sends serve another critical role —
that of delivering cue mixes to stage monitors,
so musicians can hear what they’re doing. On
the MS1202-VLZ, AUX SEND 1 can play either
role, depending on the position of this switch.
With the AUX 1 SELECT switch up (disengaged), AUX SEND 1 will tap a channel
pre-fader (GAIN) and pre-MUTE/ALT 3-4,
meaning that no matter how you manipulate
those controls as they feed the MAIN MIX, the
AUX SEND will continue to belt out that
channel’s signal. This is the preferred method
for setting up stage monitor feeds. EQ settings
will affect all AUX SENDs.
With the switch down, the AUX SEND 1
becomes an ordinary effects send — postfader (GAIN) and post-MUTE/ALT 3-4. This
is a must for effects sends, since you want the
levels of your “wet” signals to follow the level
of the “dry.”
AUX 1 MASTER
The AUX 1 MASTER provides overall level
control of AUX SEND 1, just before it’s delivered to the AUX SEND 1 output. (AUX SEND
2 has no such control.) This knob goes from off
(turned fully down), to unity gain at the center detent, with 10dB of extra gain (turned
fully up). As with some other level controls,
you may never need the additional gain, but if
you ever do, you’ll be glad you bought a Mackie.
This is usually the knob you turn up when
the lead singer glares at you, points at his
stage monitor, and sticks his thumb up in the
air. (It would follow suit that if the singer
stuck his thumb down, you’d turn the knob
down… but that never happens.)
AUX RETURNS
These two controls set the overall level of
effects received from STEREO AUX RETURN inputs 1 and 2 . These controls are designed to
handle a wide range of signal levels, from off, to
unity gain at the detent, with 20dB gain fully
clockwise, to compensate for low-level effects.
Typically, these knobs can just live at the
center detent, and the effects device’s output
control should be set at whatever they call
unity gain (check their manual). If that turns
out to be too loud or too quiet, adjust the effects device’s outputs, not the mixer. That way,
the mixer’s knobs are easy to relocate at the
center detent.
Signals passing through the AUX RETURN
level controls will proceed directly to MAIN
MIX , with one exception (see next paragraph). The AUX RETURNs do not have
MUTE/ALT 3-4 switches, so if you want these
signals to get to the ALT 3-4 mix, you’ll have to
patch the effects device’s outputs into one of
the stereo channels , and MUTE/ALT those
channels.
EFX TO MONITOR
The idea behind the EFX TO MONITOR
switch is simple. If you want to add reverb or
delay to the stage monitor mixes, this is the
switch for you. The implementation leading up
to the switch is the tricky part:
With the switch up, AUX RETURN 1 and 2
behave normally — they deliver their signals
into the MAIN MIX. With the switch down,
AUX RETURN 1 still behaves normally, but
AUX RETURN 2 will feed AUX SEND 1
instead of the MAIN MIX.
Still with us? Good. So far, with the switch
down, we have AUX RETURN 1 feeding the
MAIN MIX and AUX RETURN 2 feeding AUX
SEND 1. Now, suppose you only have one effects device, and you want it to feed both the
MAIN MIX and AUX SEND 1. That’s where
“jack normalling” comes in.
JACK NORMALLING
Jack normalling (not to be confused with
Jack Normalling, Chicago Cubs utility infielder,
1952-61, .267 LBA) is a feature found on almost every mixer, keyboard and effects device.
These jacks have special spring-loaded pins
that connect to the signal pins, but when
something is plugged into the jack, that
connection is broken.
These normalling pins can be used in all
sorts of ways. The ubiquitous phrase “LEFT
(MONO)” means that if you plug a signal into
the LEFT side and have nothing in the RIGHT
side, that signal is also fed to the right input,
courtesy of jack normalling. As soon as you
plug something in the RIGHT side, that
normalled connection is broken.
How does all this relate to the EFX TO
MONITOR switch? AUX RETURN 1’s inputs
are normalled to AUX RETURN 2. If you have
one effects device, plug it into AUX RETURN 1.
Plug nothing into AUX RETURN 2. Now the
signals feeding the AUX RETURN 1 inputs will
also be sent to the AUX RETURN 2 inputs.
Engage the EFX TO MONITOR switch, and
now the AUX RETURN 2 knob will become an
additional AUX SEND 1 knob for the signal at
AUX RETURN 1 . Say that ten times! Once
again, AUX RETURN 1 will behave normally,
as always.
Congratulations! You’ve just read about all
the features of your MS1202-VLZ. You’re probably ready for a cold one. Go ahead. The rest of
the manual can wait.
25
MODIFICATIONS
For most folks, the MS1202-VLZ works just
fine the way it is. But for special applications,
there are three signal routing changes that can
be performed easily on the MS1202-VLZ. Easy
for someone with soldering experience, that is.
If you don’t know how to solder, find a technician that can. This is NOT a good place to learn!
• Modification A changes AUX SEND 2 to be
pre-fader, pre-mute instead of post-fader,
post-mute.
• Mod B changes AUX SEND 1 (in post
mode) and AUX SEND 2 to receive signal
regardless of the channel’s MUTE/ALT
switch position, but still be post-fader
(GAIN knob).
• Mod C changes the SOURCE matrix’s
MAIN MIX selection to tap the stereo
signal before the MAIN MIX level control
(pre) instead of after (post).
UL Warning
Caution! These modification instructions
are for use by qualified personnel only. To
avoid electric shock, do not perform any servicing other than changing the fuse unless
you are qualified to do so. Refer all servicing
and modifying to qualified personnel.
Mackie Disclaimer
Any modification of any Mackie Designs
product must be performed by a competent
electronic technician. Mackie Designs
accepts no responsibility for any damages
or injuries caused by any modification,
regardless of the source of the modification
instructions or the qualifications of the technician performing them. In the case of such
damages, Mackie Designs may declare
warranty privileges void. BE CAREFUL!
1. PRE-FADER MOD (AUX TO MONITOR)
This modification changes AUX SEND 2 to
be pre-fader, pre-mute instead of post-fader,
post-mute. (“Fader” refers to the channel
GAIN knob, and “Mute” refers to the channel’s
MUTE/ALT 3-4 switch.) In order to convert the
entire mixer, it must be done on each channel.
Is slightly more involved for the stereo channels 5–12. The work area is on the underside
of the circuit board, near the channel AUX
SEND knobs.
1. Remove all cords, including the power
cable, from the MS1202-VLZ.
2. Place the mixer upside-down on a dry,
non-marring surface.
3. Remove the screws that attach the bottom
cover. Keep track of what screws go where.
Remove the bottom cover.
4. Using a sharp “X-acto” type knife, cut the
conductor at point ‘A’ (channels 1–4) or
the conductors at points ‘AL’ and ‘AR’
(channels 5–12). Be careful to cut all the
way through the conductor, and do not cut
any nearby traces.
5. Add a jumper from point ‘B’ to the square pad
at point ‘A’ (channels 1–4) or from points ‘BL’
to ‘AL’ and ‘BR’ to ‘AR’ (channels 5–12).
6. Repeat for all channels.
7. Check your work very carefully, then put
the bottom cover back the way you found
it. You’re done!
A Note About Jumpers
When installing jumpers, do not run their
ends through holes in the circuit board.
Rather, solder them flat against the desired
pad (the flat silver area, possibly with a hole in
the middle). Make sure the ends of these flat
wires do not extend beyond the pad.
Jumper
BEFORE
AFTER
Ch.’s 1–4
Ch.’s 5–12
5
jumper
here
B
5
BL
AL
4
cut
here
A
4
cut
here
Solder
#1: Pre-Fader Mod
Holes
26
jumper
here
BR
AR
2. PRE-MUTE MOD
This modification changes AUX SEND 1 (in
post mode) and AUX SEND 2 to receive signal
regardless of the channel’s MUTE/ALT 3-4
switch position, but still be post-fader (GAIN
knob). In order to convert the entire mixer, it
must be done on each channel. It is slightly
more involved for the stereo channels 5
through 12. The work area is on the underside
of the circuit board, near the channel MUTE/
ALT 3-4 switches.
1. Remove all cords, including the power
cable, from the MS1202-VLZ.
2. Place the mixer upside-down on a dry,
non-marring surface.
3. Remove the screws that attach the bottom
cover. Keep track of what screws go where.
Remove the bottom cover.
4. Using a sharp “X-acto” type knife, cut the
conductor at point ‘C’ (channels 1–4) or
the conductors at points ‘CL’ and ‘CR’
(channels 5–12). Be careful to cut all the
way through the conductor, and do not cut
any nearby traces.
5. Locate the 12 pins that comprise the
underside of each MUTE/ALT 3-4 switch.
6. Add jumpers as shown on the illustration
below — they’re not marked on the circuit
board itself, so be careful.
7. Repeat for all channels.
8. Check your work very carefully, then put
the bottom cover back the way you found
it. You’re done!
Channels 1–4
6
6
jumper
here
jumper
here
4
4
cut
here
cut
here
Channels 5–12
4
cut
here
6
4
jumper
here
cut
here
4
cut
here
6
jumper
here
4
4
cut
here
cut
here
4
cut
here
#2: Pre-Mute Mod
27
3. MAIN MIX SOURCE MOD
This modification changes the SOURCE
matrix’s MAIN MIX selection to tap the stereo
signal before the MAIN MIX level control
(pre) instead of after (post). This could be
especially handy for live work where the engineer wants to be able to control the MAIN MIX
level (sent to the house system) without
changing the level in his headphones. The
work area is on the underside of the circuit
board, near the MAIN MIX level control.
Caution: This modification also causes the
meters to indicate pre MAIN MIX levels. They
will no longer indicate the signal level at the
MAIN OUTS, but rather the signal level at the
PHONES and CONTROL ROOM outputs (when
MAIN MIX SOURCE is selected).
5
jumper
here
cut
here
#3: Main Mix Source Mod
28
4
1. Remove all cords, including the power
cable, from the MS1202-VLZ.
2. Place the mixer upside-down on a dry, nonmarring surface.
3. Remove the screws that attach the bottom
cover. Keep track of what screws go where.
Remove the bottom cover.
4. Using a sharp “X-acto” type knife, cut the
conductor at points ‘XL’ and ‘XR’. Be careful
to cut all the way through the conductor,
and do not cut any nearby traces.
5. Add a jumper from point ‘YL’ to the square
pad at point ‘XL’ and from point ‘YR’ to the
square pad at point ‘XR’.
6. Check your work very carefully, then put the
bottom cover back the way you found it.
You’re done!
LINE IN
MIC IN
1
3
2
TRIM
LINE IN R
LO CUT
MACKIE MS1202-VLZ
BLOCK DIAGRAM
(MS-0808.VSD)
Version 2.0 3/97
29
R IN
MID
MID
HI
MID
HI
80 2K5 12K
LO
HI
3-BAND EQ
80 2K5 12K
LO
AUX RETURN 2
L IN
R IN
LO
80 2K5 12K
3-BAND EQ
AUX RETURN 1
L IN
(MONO)
MONO CHANNEL
(1 OF 4)
75Hz
HPF
INSERT
GAIN
GAIN
GAIN
EFX TO MONITOR
GAIN
AUX 1
AUX 2
SOLO (PFL)
PAN
MAIN / ALT
AUX
SENDS
MAIN / ALT
SOLO (PFL)
PAN
ALT R
ALT L
MAIN R
MAIN L
STEREO CHANNEL
(1 OF 4)
LINE IN L
PHANTOM POWER
ALT
AUX 1
PRE / POST
AUX MIX
ALT OUT R
ALT OUT L
METERING
(0dBu = 0VU)
30dB PAD
AUX SEND 2
AUX 1 LEVEL
AUX SEND 1
PHONES OUT
SOLO
RELAY
CONTROL ROOM &
PHONES MIX
RUDE SOLO LED
SOURCE
SOLO MIX
MAIN
LEVEL
ASSIGN TO MAIN
MAIN
TAPE IN
+6dB
L
TAPE
R
ALT MIX
MAIN MIX
3
2
3
2
TAPE OUT R
LINE OUT R
BAL OUT R
BAL OUT L
CONTROL ROOM OUT
RIGHT
LEFT
CONTROL ROOM &
PHONES LEVEL
22
10
7
4
2
0
2
4
7
10
20
30
1
1
LINE OUT L
TAPE OUT L
MS1202-VLZ BLOCK DIAGRAM
LOGIC
SOLO
AUX SEND 2 POST
AUX SEND 1 POST
AUX SEND 1 PRE
30
LINE IN, Channels 5-12
Unity gain
+22dBu max in
LINE IN, Channels 1-4
40dB gain, TRIM up
10dB loss, TRIM down
+22dBu max in
MIC IN, Channels 1-4
60dB gain, TRIM up
10dB gain, TRIM down
+14dBu max in
0dB
0dB
0dB
to 'A'
to 'A'
to 'A'
'A'
0dB
+10dB up
PAN
AUX SEND
Channel AUX SEND AUX MIX
OUTPUT
0dB
OUTPUT
0dB
+22dBu max out
Master AUX SEND
+10dB up
to 'C' 'C'
+22dBu max out
-4dB center
CONTROL ROOM / PHONES
+15dB up
SOURCE Matrix
TAPE IN 6dB Boost
GAIN
'B'
C-R/PHONES MIX C-R/PHONES LEVEL
CHANNEL
-15dB down
HIGH
+15db up
MAIN MIX, ALT 3-4
From 'B'
'D'
EQ
-12dB down
MID
+12dB up
+16dBu max TAPE IN
-15dB down
LOW
+15dB up
+20dB up
MIX
LEVEL
MAIN MIX
INPUT
+22dBu max in
+10dB up
AUX RETURN
LEVEL
+20dB up
OUTPUTS
0dB
to 'C'
-30dB XLR OUT, PAD engaged
to 'D'
0dB 1/4" Out and RCA Tape Out
+6dB XLR OUT
+28dBu max out (XLR)
+22dBu max out (1/4" & RCA)
GAIN STRUCTURE DIAGRAM
SPECIFICATIONS
Main Mix Noise
Common Mode Rejection (CMR)
20Hz–20kHz bandwidth, 1/4" Main out, channels 1–4 Trim @
unity gain, channel EQs flat, all channels assigned to Main Mix,
channels 1 and 3 Pan left, 2 and 4 Pan right.
Mic in to Insert Send out, max gain
Main Mix knob down, channel Gain knobs down: –100dBu
Main Mix knob unity, channel Gain knobs down: –86.5dBu
(90dB Signal to Noise Ratio, ref +4dBu)
Main Mix knob @ unity, channel Gain knobs @ unity:
–84.5dBu
Total Harmonic Distortion (THD)
0.0025%
Attenuation (Crosstalk)
1kHz relative to 0dBu, 20Hz–20kHz bandwidth,
Line in, 1⁄4" Main Out, Trim @ unity
Main Mix knob down:
Channel Alt / Mute switch engaged:
Channel Gain knob down:
–85dBu
–84dBu
–83dBu
Frequency Response
Any input to any output
20Hz to 60kHz:
20Hz to 100kHz:
better than –90dB
Maximum Levels
Mic in:
Tape in:
All other inputs:
Main Mix XLR out:
All other outputs:
+14dBu
+16dBu
+22dBu
+28dBu
+22dBu
Impedances
1kHz @ +14dBu, 20Hz–20kHz.
Mic in to Main out:
1kHz:
+0dB/–1dB
+0dB/–3dB
Equivalent Input Noise (EIN)
Mic in:
Channel Insert return:
All other inputs:
Tape out:
All other outputs:
1.3 kilohms
2.5 kilohms
10 kilohms or greater
1.1 kilohms
120 ohms
EQ
±15db @ 12kHz
±12dB @ 2.5kHz
±15db @ 80Hz
High Shelving
Mid Peaking
Low Shelving
Power Consumption
120VAC, 50/60Hz, 25 watts
Weight
Mic in to Insert Send out, max gain
150 ohm termination:
6 lbs 8 oz. (3 kg)
–129.5dBm unweighted
Dimensions
11.8" x 11.2" x 2.6" (300mm x 284mm 66mm)
6 rack
spaces
Mackie Designs is always striving to improve our
mixers by incorporating new and improved materials, components and manufacturing methods.
Because we’re always trying to make things better,
we reserve the right to change these specifications
at any time, without notice.
with optional rack ears (RM1202-VLZ)
11.8" (300mm)
MS1202-VLZ
WEIGHT
6.5 lbs.
(3 kg)
2.6"
(66mm)
11.2" — 6 rack spaces
(284mm)
2.6"
(66mm)
11.8" (300mm)
11.2" (284mm)
31
SERVICE INFO
Details concerning Warranty Service are
spelled out on the Warranty Card included
with your mixer (if it’s missing, let us know
and we’ll rush one to you).
If you think your MS1202-VLZ has a problem, please do everything you can to confirm
it before calling for service. Doing so might
save you from the deprivation of your mixer
and the associated suffering.
Of all Mackie products returned for service
(which is hardly any at all), roughly 50% are
coded “CND” — Could Not Duplicate, which
usually means the problem lay somewhere other
than the mixer. These may sound obvious to
you, but here’s some things you can check:
TROUBLESHOOTING
Bad Channel
• Is the MUTE/ALT 3–4 switch in the
correct position?
• Is the GAIN knob turned up?
• Try unplugging any INSERT devices
(Channels 1–4 only).
• Try the same source signal in another
channel, set up exactly like the
suspect channel.
Bad Output
• Is the associated level knob (if any) turned up?
• If it’s one of the MAIN OUTS, try unplugging all the others. For example, if it’s the
1⁄4" Left Main out, unplug the RCA and XLR
Left outputs. If the problem goes away, its
not the mixer.
• If it’s a stereo pair, try switching them
around. For example, if a left output is
presumed dead, switch the left and right
cords, at the mixer end. If the problem
switches sides, it’s not the mixer.
Noise
• Turn the channel GAIN and AUX
RETURN knobs down, one by one. If the
sound disappears, it’s either that channel or whatever is plugged into it, so
unplug whatever that is. If the noise
disappears, it’s from your whatever.
Power
• Our favorite question: Is the POWER
switch on?
• Check the fuse .
32
REPAIR
Service for the U.S. version of the MS1202VLZ is available only from Mackie Designs,
located in sunny Woodinville, Washington.
(Service for mixers living outside the United
States can be obtained through local dealers
or distributors.) If your mixer needs service,
follow these instructions:
1. Review the preceding troubleshooting
suggestions. Please.
2. Call Tech Support at 1-800-258-6883, 9am
to 5pm PST, to explain the problem and
request an RA number. Have your mixer’s
serial number ready. You must have a
Return Authorization number, or we
may refuse the delivery.
3. Set aside the power cord, owner’s manual,
or anything else that you’ll ever want to see
again. We are responsible for the return of
the mixer only.
4. Pack the mixer in its original package,
including endcaps and box. This is VERY
IMPORTANT. When you call for the RA
number, please let Tech Support know if
you need a new box.
5. Include a legible note stating your name,
shipping address (no P.O. boxes), daytime
phone number, RA number and a detailed
description of the problem, including how
we can duplicate it.
6. Write the RA number in BIG PRINT on top
of the box.
7. Ship the mixer to us. We recommend
United Parcel Service (UPS). We suggest
insurance for all forms of cartage. Ship to
this address:
Mackie Designs
SERVICE DEPARTMENT
16220 Wood-Red Rd. NE
Woodinville, WA 98072
8. We’ll try to fix the mixer within three
business days. We send everything back
prepaid using UPS BLUE (Second Day
Air). If you rush your mixer to us by Air
Shipment, we’ll treat it in kind by letting it
jump to the head of the line, and we’ll also
ship it back to you UPS RED (Next Day
Air). This paragraph does not necessarily
apply to non-warranty service.
APPENDIX A: GLOSSARY
This Glossary contains brief definitions of
many of the audio and electronic terms used in
discussions of sound mixing and recording. Many
of the terms have other meanings or nuances or
very rigorous technical definitions which we have
sidestepped here because we figure you already
have a lot on your mind. If you’d like to get more
information, you can call Mix Bookshelf at
1-800-233-9604. We recommend the following
titles: The Audio Dictionary, by Glenn White;
Tech Terms, by Peterson & Oppenheimer;
Handbook for Sound Engineers, by Glen Ballou,
Mackie Mixer Book by Rudy Trubitt and Sound
Reinforcement Handbook, by Gary Davis.
AFL
An acronym for After Fade Listen, which is
another way of saying post-fader solo function.
assign
In sound mixers, assign means to switch or
route a signal to a particular signal path or
combination of signal paths.
attenuate
To reduce or make quieter.
aux
See next entry.
auxiliary
In sound mixers, supplemental equipment
or features that provide additional capabilities
to the basic system. Examples of auxiliary
equipment include: serial processors (equalizers, compressors, limiters, gates) and parallel
devices (reverberation and delay). Most mixers have aux send buses and aux return inputs
to accommodate auxiliary equipment.
balanced
In a classic balanced audio circuit, the two
legs of the circuit (+ and –) are isolated from
the circuit ground by exactly the same impedance. Additionally, each leg may carry the signal
at exactly the same level but with opposite polarity with respect to ground. In some balanced
circuits, only one leg actually carries the signal
but both legs exhibit the same impedance characteristics with respect to ground. Balanced
input circuits can offer excellent rejection of
common-mode noise induced into the line and
also make proper (no ground loops) system
grounding easier. Usually terminated with 1⁄4"
TRS or XLR connectors.
bandwidth
The band of frequencies that pass through a
device with a loss of less than 3dB, expressed
in Hertz or in musical octaves. Also see Q.
bus
An electrical connection common to three
or more circuits. In mixer design, a bus usually
carries signals from a number of inputs to a
mixing amplifier, just like a city bus carries
people from a number of neighborhoods to
their jobs.
Cannon
A manufacturer of electrical connectors
who first popularized the three-pin connector
now used universally for balanced microphone
connections. In sound work, a Cannon connector is taken to mean a Cannon XLR-3 mic
connector or any compatible connector.
cardioid
Means heart-shaped. In sound work, cardioid refers to the shape of the sensitivity
pattern of some directional microphones.
channel
A functional path in an audio circuit: an
input channel, an output channel, a recording
channel, the left channel and so on.
channel strip
The physical representation of an audio
channel on the front panel of a mixer; usually
a long, vertical strip of controls.
chorusing
An effect available in some digital delay
effects units and reverbs. Chorusing involves a
number of moving delays and pitch shifting,
usually panned across a stereo field. Depending on how used, it can be lovely or grotesque.
clipping
A cause of severe audio distortion that is
the result of excessive gain requiring the peaks
of the audio signal to rise above the capabilities of the amplifier circuit. Seen on an
oscilloscope, the audio peaks appear clipped
off. To avoid distortion, reduce the system gain
in or before the gain stage in which the clipping occurs. See also headroom.
33
condenser
dBV
Another term for the electronic component
generally known as a capacitor. In audio,
condenser usually refers to a type of microphone that uses a capacitor as the sound
pickup element. Condenser microphones
require electrical power to run internal amplifiers and maintain an electrical charge on the
capacitor. They are typically powered by internal batteries or “phantom power” supplied by
an external source, such as a mixing console.
A unit of measurement of audio signal level
in an electrical circuit, expressed in decibels
referenced to 1 VRMS across any impedance.
Commonly used to describe signal levels in
consumer equipment. To convert dBV to dBu,
add 2.2dB.
console
A term for a sound mixer, usually a large
desk-like mixer.
cueing
In broadcast, stage and post-production
work, to “cue up” a sound source (a record, a
sound effect on a CD, a song on a tape) means
to get it ready for playback by making sure you
are in the right position on the “cue,” making
sure the level and EQ are all set properly. This
requires a special monitoring circuit that only
the mixing engineer hears. It does not go out
on the air or to the main mixing buses. This
“cueing” circuit is the same as pre-fader (PFL)
solo on a Mackie mixer, and often the terms
are interchangeable.
dB
See decibel.
dBm
A unit of measurement of audio signal level
in an electrical circuit, expressed in decibels
referenced to 1 milliwatt. The “m” in dBm
stands for “milliwatt.” In a circuit with an impedance of 600 ohms, this reference (0dBm)
corresponds to a signal voltage of 0.775 VRMS
(because 0.775 V across 600 ohms equals 1mw).
dBu
A unit of measurement of audio signal level
in an electrical circuit, expressed in decibels
referenced to 0.775 VRMS into any impedance.
Commonly used to describe signal levels
within a modern audio system.
dBv
A unit of measurement equal to the dBu but
no longer in use. It was too easy to confuse a
dBv with a dBV, to which it is not equivalent.
decibel (dB)
The dB is a ratio of quantities measured in
similar terms using a logarithmic scale. Many
audio system parameters measure over such a
large range of values that the dB is used to
simplify the numbers. A ratio of 1000V:1V=60dB.
When one of the terms in the ratio is an
agreed upon standard value such as 0.775V, 1V
or 1mw, the ratio becomes an absolute value,
i.e., +4dBu, –10dBV or 0dBm.
delay
In sound work, delay usually refers to an
electronic circuit or effects unit whose purpose
it is to delay the audio signal for some short period of time. Delay can refer to one short repeat,
a series of repeats or the complex interactions
of delay used in chorusing or reverb. When delayed signals are mixed back with the original
sound, a great number of audio effects can be
generated, including phasing and flanging, doubling, Haas-effect positioning, slap or slapback,
echo, regenerative echo, chorusing and hall-like
reverberation. Signal time delay is central to
many audio effects units.
detent
A point of slight physical resistance (a clickstop) in the travel of a knob or slide control,
used in Mackie mixers to indicate unity gain.
dipping
The opposite of peaking, of course. A dip is
an EQ curve that looks like a valley, or a dip.
Dipping with an equalizer reduces a band of
frequencies. See guacamole.
doubling
A delay effect, where the original signal is
mixed with a medium (20 to 50 msec) delay.
When used carefully, this effect can simulate
double-tracking (recording a voice or instrument twice).
dry
Usually means without reverberation, or
without some other applied effect like delay or
chorusing. Dry is not wet, i.e. totally unaffected.
34
dynamic
In sound work, dynamic refers to the class
of microphones that generate electrical signals
by the movement of a coil in a magnetic field.
Dynamic microphones are rugged, relatively
inexpensive, capable of very good performance
and do not require external power.
dynamic range
The range between the maximum and minimum sound levels that a sound system can
handle. It is usually expressed in decibels as
the difference between the level at peak
clipping and the level of the noise floor.
echo
The reflection of sound from a surface such
as a wall or a floor. Reverberation and echo are
terms that can be used interchangeably, but in
audio parlance a distinction is usually made:
echo is considered to be a distinct, recognizable repetition (or series of repetitions) of a
word, note, phrase or sound, whereas reverberation is a diffuse, continuously smooth
decay of sound. Echo and reverberation can be
added in sound mixing by sending the original
sound to an electronic (or electronic/acoustic)
system that mimics natural echoes, and then
some. The added echo is returned to the blend
through additional mixer inputs. Highly echoic
rooms are called live; rooms with very little
echo are called dead. A sound source without
added echo is dry; one with reverb or echo
added is wet.
effects devices
External signal processors used to add reverb, delay, spatial or psychoacoustic effects to
an audio signal. An effects processor may be
used as an insert processor (serial) on a particular input or subgroup, or it may be used via
the aux send/return system (parallel). See
also echo, reverb.
EIN
Equivalent Input Noise. Specification that
helps measure the “quietness” of a gain stage by
deriving the equivalent input noise voltage necessary to obtain a given preamp's output noise.
Typically ranges from –125 to –129.5 dBm.
EQ
See equalization.
EQ curve
A graph of the response of an equalizer,
with frequency on the x (horizontal) axis and
amplitude (level) on the y (vertical) axis.
Equalizer types and effects are often named after the shape of the graphed response curve,
such as peak, dip, shelf, notch, knee and so on.
equalization
Equalization (EQ) refers to purposefully
changing the frequency response of a circuit,
sometimes to correct for previous unequal response (hence the term, equalization), and
more often to add or subtract level at certain
frequencies for sound enhancement, to remove
extraneous sounds, or to create completely
new and different sounds.
Bass and treble controls on your stereo are
EQ; so are the units called parametrics and
graphics and notch filters.
A lot of how we refer to equalization has to
do with what a graph of the frequency response would look like. A flat response (no
EQ) is a straight line; a peak looks like a hill, a
dip is a valley, a notch is a really skinny valley,
and a shelf looks like a plateau (or a shelf).
The slope is the grade of the hill on the graph.
Graphic equalizers have enough frequency
slider controls to form a graph of the EQ right
on the front panel. Parametric EQs let you vary
several EQ parameters at once. A filter is simply a form of equalizer that allows certain
frequencies through unmolested while reducing or eliminating other frequencies.
Aside from the level controls, EQs are probably the second most powerful controls on any
mixer (no, the power switch doesn’t count!).
fader
Another name for an audio level control.
Today, the term refers to a straight-line slide
control rather than a rotary control.
family of curves
A composite graph showing on one chart
several examples of possible EQ curves for a
given equalizer or equalizer section.
35
filter
graphic EQ
A simple equalizer designed to remove certain ranges of frequencies. A low-cut filter
(also called a high-pass filter) reduces or
eliminates frequencies below its cutoff frequency. There are also high-cut (low-pass)
filters, bandpass filters, which cut both high
and low frequencies but leave a band of frequencies in the middle untouched, and notch
filters, which remove a narrow band but leave
the high and low frequencies alone.
A graphic equalizer uses slide pots for its
boost/cut controls, with its frequencies evenly
spaced through the audio spectrum. In a perfect world, a line drawn through the centers
of the control shafts would form a graph of
the frequency response curve. Get it? Or, the
positions of the slide pots give a graphic representation of boost or cut levels across the
frequency spectrum.
flanging
Also called earth. Ground is defined as the
point of zero voltage in a circuit or system, the
reference point from which all other voltages
are measured. In electrical systems, ground
connections are used for safety purposes, to
keep equipment chassis and controls at zero
voltage and to provide a safe path for errant
currents. This is called a safety ground.
Maintaining a good safety ground is always
essential to prevent electrical shock. Follow
manufacturer’s suggestions and good electrical practices to ensure a safely grounded
system. Never remove or disable the grounding pin on the power cord.
In computer and audio equipment, tiny currents and voltages can cause noise in the
circuits and hamper operation. In addition to
providing safety, ground provisions in these
situations serve to minimize the pickup, detection and distribution of these tiny noise
signals. This type of ground is often called
technical ground.
Quality audio equipment is designed to
maintain a good technical ground and also
operate safely with a good safety ground. If
you have noise in your system due to technical grounding problems, check your manual
for wiring tips or call technical support.
Never disable the safety ground to reduce
noise problems.
A term for phasing. Before digital delay effects units, phasing could be accomplished by
playing two tape machines in synchronization,
then delaying one slightly by rubbing a finger
on the reel flange. Get it?
FOH
An acronym for Front Of House. See house
and main house speakers.
frequency
The number of times an event repeats itself
in a given period. Sound waves and the electrical signals that represent sound waves in an
audio circuit have repetitive patterns that range
from a frequency of about 20 repetitions per
second to about 20,000 repetitions per second.
Sound is the vibration or combination of vibrations in this range of 20 to 20,000 repetitions per
second, which gives us the sensation of pitch,
harmonics, tone and overtones. Frequency is
measured in units called Hertz (Hz). One Hertz
is one repetition or cycle per second.
gain
The measure of how much a circuit amplifies a signal. Gain may be stated as a ratio of
input to output values, such as a voltage gain
of 4, or a power gain of 1.5, or it can be expressed in decibels, such as a line amplifier
with a gain of 10dB.
gain stage
An amplification point in a signal path,
either within a system or a single device.
Overall system gain is distributed between
the various gain stages.
36
ground
ground loop
A ground loop occurs when the technical
ground within an audio system is connected to
the safety ground at more than one place. Two
or more connections will allow tiny currents to
flow in the loops created, possibly inducing
noise (hum) in the audio system. If you have
noise in your system due to ground loops, check
your manual for wiring tips or call technical
support. Never disable the safety ground to reduce noise problems.
Haas effect
knee
A psychoacoustic effect in which the time
of arrival of a sound to the left and right ears
affects our perception of direction. If a signal
is presented to both ears at the same time at
the same volume, it appears to be directly in
front of us. But if the signal to one ear, still at
the same volume, is delayed slightly (0 to 5
msec), the sound appears to be coming from
the earlier (non-delayed) side.
A knee is a sharp bend in an EQ response
curve not unlike the sharp bend in your leg.
Also used in describing dynamics processors.
headroom
The difference between nominal operating
level and peak clipping in an audio system. For
example, a mixer operating with a nominal
line level of +4dBu and a maximum output
level of +22dBu has 18dB of headroom. Plenty
of room for surprise peaks.
Hertz
The unit of measure for frequency of oscillation, equal to 1 cycle per second. Abbreviated
Hz. KHz is pronounced “kay-Hertz” and is an
abbreviation for kilohertz, or 1000 Hertz.
level
Another word for signal voltage, power,
strength or volume. Audio signals are sometimes classified according to their level.
Commonly used levels are: microphone level
(–40dBu or lower), instrument level (–20 to
–10dBu), and line level (–10 to +30dBu).
line level
A signal whose level falls between –10dBu
and +30dBu.
main house speakers
The main loudspeakers for a sound reinforcement system. These are usually the
largest and loudest loudspeakers, and are
usually positioned so that their sound seems
to come from the area of the main stage.
mains
See main house speakers.
house
master
In Sound Reinforcement parlance, “house”
refers to the systems (and even persons) responsible for the primary sound reinforcement
in a given hall, building, arena or “house.”
Hence we have the house mixer or house engineer, the house mix, the house mix amps, the
main house speakers and so on.
A control affecting the final output of a
mixer. A mixer may have several master
controls, which may be slide faders or rotary
controls.
Hz
The typical level of a signal from a microphone. A mic level signal (usually but not
always coming from a microphone) is generally below –30dBu. With a very quiet source (a
pin dropping?) the signal can be –70dBu or
lower. It is also possible for some microphones
to deliver more signal than this, in which case
it may be referred to as a “hot” mic level. Alternatively, you can just say, “Boy, is that loud!”
See Hertz.
impedance
The A.C. resistance/capacitance/inductance
in an electrical circuit, measured in ohms. In
audio circuits (and other AC circuits) the impedance in ohms can often be much different
from the circuit resistance as measured by a
DC ohmmeter.
Maintaining proper circuit impedance relationships is important to avoid distortion and
minimize added noise. Mackie input and output impedances are set to work well with the
vast majority of audio equipment.
input module
A holdover from the days when the only
way that real consoles were built was in
modular fashion, one channel per module.
See channel strip.
mic amp
See mic preamp.
mic level
mic pre
See mic preamp.
mic preamp
Short for microphone preamplifier. An amplifier that functions to bring the very low
signal level of a microphone (approximately
–50dBu) up to line level (approximately
0dBu). Mic preamps often have their own volume control, called a trim control, to properly
set the gain for a particular source. Setting the
mic preamp gain correctly with the trim control is an essential step in establishing good
noise and headroom for your mix.
37
mixer
noise floor
An electronic device used to combine various
audio signals into a common output. Different
from a blender, which combines various fruits
into a common libation.
The residual level of noise in any system. In
a well designed mixer, the noise floor will be a
quiet hiss, which is the thermal noise generated by bouncing electrons in the transistor
junctions. The lower the noise floor and the
higher the headroom, the more usable
dynamic range a system has.
monaural
Literally, pertaining to or having the use of
only one ear. In sound work, monaural has to do
with a signal which, for purposes of communicating audio information, has been confined to a
single channel. One microphone is a mono
pickup; many microphones mixed to one channel is a mono mix; a mono signal played through
two speakers is still mono, since it only carries
one channel of information. Several monaural
sources, however, can be panned into a stereo
(or at least two-channel, if you are going to be
picky) mix. Monaural SR is common for environments where stereo SR would provide an
uneven reproduction to the listener.
monitor
In sound reinforcement, monitor speakers (or
monitor headphones or in-the-ear monitors) are
those speakers used by the performers to hear
themselves. Monitor speakers are also called
foldback speakers. In recording, the monitor
speakers are those used by the production staff to
listen to the recording as it progresses. In zoology,
the monitor lizard is the lizard that observes the
production staff as the recording progresses.
Keep the lizard out of the mixer.
mono
Short for monaural.
pan, pan pot
Short for panoramic potentiometer. A pan
pot is used to position (or even move back and
forth) a monaural sound source in a stereo
mixing field by adjusting the source’s volume
between the left and right channels. Our
brains sense stereo position by hearing this difference in loudness when the sound strikes
each ear, taking into account time delay, spectrum, ambient reverberation and other cues.
parametric EQ
A “fully” parametric EQ is an extremely
powerful equalizer that allows smooth, continuous control of each of the three primary
EQ parameters (frequency, gain, and bandwidth) in each section independently. “Semi”
parametric EQs allow control of fewer parameters, usually frequency and gain (i.e., they
have a fixed bandwidth, but variable center
frequency and gain).
peaking
The opposite of dipping, of course. A peak
is an EQ curve that looks like a hill, or a
peak. Peaking with an equalizer amplifies a
band of frequencies.
mult
PFL
Probably short for multiple. In audio work,
a mult is a parallel connection in a patch bay
or a connection made with patch cords to
feed an output to more than one input. A “Y”
cable is a type of mult connection. Also a
verb, as in “Why did you mult the flanger into
every input in the board?”
An acronym for Pre Fade Listen. Broadcasters would call it cueing. Sound folks call it being
able to solo a channel with the fader down.
noise
Whatever you don’t want to hear. Could be
hum, buzz or hiss; could be crosstalk or digital
hash or your neighbor’s stereo; could be white
noise or pink noise or brown noise; or it could
be your mother-in-law reliving the day she had
her gallstone removed.
38
phantom power
A system of providing electrical power for
condenser microphones (and some electronic
pickup devices) from the sound mixer. The
system is called phantom because the power
is carried on standard microphone audio
wiring in a way that is “invisible” to ordinary
dynamic microphones. Mackie mixers use
standard +48 volt DC power, switchable on or
off. Most quality condenser microphones are
designed to use +48 VDC phantom power.
Check the manufacturer’s recommendations.
Generally, phantom power is safe to use with
non-condenser microphones as well, especially
dynamic microphones. However, unbalanced
microphones, some electronic equipment (such
as some wireless microphone receivers) and
some ribbon microphones can short out the
phantom power and be severely damaged.
Check the manufacturer’s recommendations
and be careful!
phasing
A delay effect, where the original signal is
mixed with a short (0 to 10 msec) delay. The
time of the delay is slowly varied, and the
combination of the two signals results in a dramatic moving comb-filter effect. Phasing is
sometimes imitated by sweeping a comb-filter
EQ across a signal. A comb filter can be found
in your back pocket.
phone jack
Ever see those old telephone switchboards
with hundreds of jacks and patch cords and
plugs? Those are phone jacks and plugs, now
used widely with musical instruments and audio
equipment. A phone jack is the female connector, and we use them in 1⁄4" two-conductor (TS)
and three-conductor (TRS) versions.
phone plug
The male counterpart to the phone jack,
right above.
phono jack
See RCA phono jack.
phono plug
See RCA phono plug.
post-fader
A term used to describe an aux send (usually)
that is connected so that it is affected by the
setting of the associated channel fader. Sends
connected this way are typically (but not
always) used for effects. See pre-fader.
pot, potentiometer
In electronics, a variable resistor that varies
the potential, or voltage. In audio, any rotary
or slide control.
pre-fader
A term used to describe an aux send
(usually) that is connected so that it is not affected by the setting of the associated channel
fader. Sends connected this way are typically
(but not always) used for monitors (foldback).
See post-fader.
proximity effect
The property of many directional microphones to accentuate their bass response when
the source-to-mic distance is small, typically
three inches or less. Singers generally like this
effect even more than singing in the shower.
Q
A way of stating the bandwidth of a filter or
equalizer section. An EQ with a Q of .75 is broad
and smooth, while a Q of 10 gives a narrow,
pointed response curve. To calculate the value
of Q, you must know the center frequency of the
EQ section and the frequencies at which the upper and lower skirts fall 3dB below the level of
the center frequency. Q equals the center frequency divided by the difference between the
upper and lower –3dB frequencies. A peaking
EQ centered at 10kHz whose –3dB points are
7.5kHz and 12.5kHz has a Q of 2.
RCA phono jack—or RCA jack
or phono jack
An RCA phono jack is an inexpensive
connector (female) introduced by RCA and
originally used to connect phonographs to radio
receivers and phono preamplifiers. The phono
jack was (and still is) widely used on consumer
stereo equipment and video equipment but was
quietly fading into obscurity in the professional
and semiprofessional sound world. Then phono
jacks began cropping up in early project-studio
multitrack recorders, which (unfortunately)
gave them a new lease on life. Since so many
stereo recorders are fitted with them, we decided we’d have to put a couple on our mixers
for your convenience. But make no mistake: the
only thing that the phono jack (or plug) has
going for it is low cost.
RCA phono plug
The male counterpart to an RCA phono
jack. See above.
regeneration
Also called recirculation. A delay effect created by feeding the output of a delay back into
itself to cause a delay of the delay of the delay.
You can do it right on the front panel of many
effects units, or you can route the delay return
back into itself on your mixer. Can be a great
deal of fun at parties.
39
return
shelving
A return is a mixer line input dedicated to
the task of returning processed or added
sound from reverb, echo and other effects
devices. Depending on the internal routing of
your mixer and your own inclination, you could
use returns as additional line inputs, or you
could route your reverb outputs to ordinary
line inputs rather than the returns.
A term used to describe the shape of an
equalizer’s frequency response. A shelving
equalizer’s response begins to rise (or fall) at
some frequency and continues to fall (or rise)
until it reaches the shelf frequency, at which
point the response curve flattens out and remains flat to the limits of audibility. If you were
to graph the response, it would look like a shelf.
Or more like a shelf than a hiking boot. The EQ
controls on your stereo are usually shelving
equalizers. See also peaking and dipping.
reverberation, reverb
The sound remaining in a room after the
source of sound is stopped. It’s what you hear in
a large tiled room immediately after you’ve
clapped your hands. Reverberation and echo are
terms that can be used interchangeably, but in
audio parlance a distinction is usually made:
reverberation is considered to be a diffuse,
continuously smooth decay of sound, whereas
echo is a distinct, recognizable repetition of a
word, note, phrase or sound. Reverberation and
echo can be added in sound mixing by sending
the original sound to an electronic (or electronic/acoustic) system that mimics natural
reverberation, or worse. The added reverb is
returned to the blend through additional mixer
inputs. Highly reverberant rooms are called live;
rooms with very little reverberation are called
dead. A sound source without added reverb is
dry; one with reverb or echo added is wet.
RMS
An acronym for root mean square, a conventional way to measure AC voltage and
audio signal voltage. Most AC voltmeters are
calibrated to read RMS volts. Other conventions include average volts, peak volts and
peak-to-peak volts.
send
A term used to describe a secondary mix
and output of the input signals, typically
used for foldback monitors, headphone
monitors, or effects devices. Mackie mixers
call it an Aux Send.
slap, slapback
A single-delay echo without any repeats.
Also see echo.
solo
Italian for alone. In audio mixers, a solo
circuit allows the engineer to listen to individual channels, buses or other circuits singly
or in combination with other soloed signals.
SR
An acronym for Sound Reinforcement,
which refers to a system of amplifying acoustic
and electronic sounds from a performance or
speech so that a large audience can hear
clearly. Or, in popular music, so that a large
audience can be excited, stunned or even
partially deafened by the tremendous amplification. Means essentially the same thing as PA
(Public Address).
stereo
Believe it or not, stereo comes from a
Greek word that means solid. We use stereo
or stereophony to describe the illusion of a
continuous, spacious soundfield that is seemingly spread around the listener by two or
more related audio signals. In practice, stereo
often is taken to simply mean two channels.
sweep EQ
An equalizer that allows you to “sweep” or
continuously vary the frequency of one or
more sections.
symmetrically balanced
See balanced.
40
tinnitus
The ringing in the ears that is produced
with prolonged exposure to high volumes. A
sound in the ears, such as buzzing, ringing, or
whistling, caused by volume knob abuse!
trim
In audio mixers, the gain adjustment for the
first amplification stage of the mixer. The trim
control helps the mixer cope with the widely
varying range of input signals that come from
real-world sources. It is important to set the
trim control correctly; its setting determines
the overall noise performance in that channel
of the mixer. See mic preamp.
TRS
Acronym for Tip-Ring-Sleeve, a scheme for
connecting three conductors through a single
plug or jack. 1⁄4" phone plugs and jacks and 1⁄8"
mini phone plugs and jacks are commonly
wired TRS. Since the plug or jack can carry
two signals and a common ground, TRS connectors are often referred to as stereo or
balanced plugs or jacks. Another common TRS
application is for insert jacks, used for inserting an external processor into the signal path.
In Mackie mixers, the tip is send, ring is return, and sleeve is ground.
TS
Acronym for Tip-Sleeve, a scheme for connecting two conductors through a single plug
or jack. 1⁄4" phone plugs and jacks and 1⁄8" mini
phone plugs and jacks are commonly wired TS.
Sometimes called mono or unbalanced plugs
or jacks. A 1⁄4" TS phone plug or jack is also
called a standard phone plug or jack.
unbalanced
An electrical circuit in which the two legs of
the circuit are not balanced with respect to
ground. Usually, one leg will be held at ground
potential. Unbalanced circuit connections
require only two conductors (signal “hot” and
ground). Unbalanced audio circuitry is less
expensive to build but under certain circumstances is more susceptible to noise pickup.
unity gain
A circuit or system that has its voltage gain
adjusted to be one, or unity. A signal will
leave a unity gain circuit at the same level at
which it entered. In Mackie mixers, unity
gain is achieved by setting all variable
controls to the marked “U” setting. Mackie
mixers are optimized for best headroom and
noise figures at unity gain.
VLZ
Acronym for very low impedance. (Impedance
is measured in ohms represented by the Ω symbol, which is the last letter of the Greek alphabet.
This is how the letter Z is used instead of I.) VLZ
is one of the most important reasons why inherent noise levels on Mackie mixing boards are so
minuscule. Thermal noise is something that’s
created by all circuitry and usually transistors
and resistors are the worst culprits. The basic
rule with thermal noise is: the higher the impedance, the more the noise. Mackie’s VLZ design
reduces thermal noise by making internal impedances as low as possible in as many places as
possible within the console. VLZ is achieved by
scaling down resistor values by a factor of three
or four – resulting in a corresponding reduction
in thermal noise. This is especially true for the
console’s mixing buses.
volume
Electrical or sound level in an audio system.
Perhaps the only thing that some bands have
too much of.
VRMS
See RMS.
wet
With added reverberation or other effect
like echo, delay or chorusing.
XLR connector
See Cannon.
41
APPENDIX B: CONNECTIONS
“XLR” CONNECTORS
Mackie mixers use 3-pin female “XLR” connectors on all microphone inputs, with pin 1
wired to the grounded (earthed) shield, pin 2
wired to the “high” (”hot” or positive polarity)
side of the audio signal and pin 3 wired to the
“low” (“cold” or negative polarity) side of the
signal (Figure
2
SHIELD
A). All totally
HOT
aboveboard and
in full accord
1
3
COLD
with the halSHIELD 1
lowed standards
dictated by the
COLD 3 2
AES (Audio
HOT
SHIELD
1
Engineering
3
COLD
Society).
2
HOT
Use a male
Figure A: XLR Connectors
“XLR”-type connector, usually found on the nether end of
what is called a “mic cable,” to connect to a
female XLR jack.
1 ⁄4 "
1 ⁄4 "
TS PHONE PLUGS AND JACKS
“TS” stands for Tip-Sleeve, the two connections available on a “mono” 1⁄4" phone jack or
plug (Figure C). TS jacks and plugs are used in
many different applications, always unbalanced.
The tip is connected to the audio signal and the
sleeve to ground (earth). Some examples:
• Unbalanced microphones
• Electric guitars and electronic instruments
• Unbalanced line-level connections
TRS PHONE PLUGS AND JACKS
“TRS” stands
for Tip-RingSleeve, the
TIP
three
RING
connections
TIP
available on a
SLEEVE
Figure B: 1⁄4" TRS Plugs
“stereo” 1⁄4" or
“balanced” phone jack or plug. See Figure B.
TRS jacks and plugs are used in several
different applications:
• Stereo Headphones, and rarely, stereo
microphones and stereo line connections.
When wired for stereo, a 1⁄4" TRS jack or
plug is connected tip to left, ring to right and
sleeve to ground (earth). Mackie mixers do
not directly accept 1-plug-type stereo
microphones. They must be separated into a
left cord and a right cord, which are plugged
into the two mic preamps.
You can cook up your own adapter for a
stereo microphone adapter. “Y” two cables
out of a female 1⁄4" TRS jack to two male
XLR plugs, one for the Right signal and
one for the Left.
RING SLEEVE
42
• Balanced mono circuits. When wired as a
balanced connector, a 1⁄4" TRS jack or
plug is connected tip to signal high
(hot), ring to signal low (cold), and
sleeve to ground (earth).
• Unbalanced Send/Return circuits. When
wired as send/return “Y” connector, a 1⁄4"
TRS jack or plug is connected tip to signal
send (output from mixer), ring to signal
return (input back into mixer), and sleeve
to ground (earth).
SLEEVE
SLEEVE
TIP
TIP
SLEEVE RING TIP
TIP
Figure C: TS Plug
SLEEVE
SWITCHED 1⁄4" PHONE JACKS
Switches can be incorporated into 1⁄4"
phone jacks, which are activated by inserting
the plug. These switches may open an insert
loop in a circuit, change the input routing of
the signal or serve other functions. Mackie
uses switches in the channel insert and bus
insert jacks, input jacks and AUX returns. We
also use these switches to ground the line-level
inputs when nothing is plugged into them.
In most cases, the plug must be inserted fully
to activate the switch. Mackie takes advantage
of this in some circuits, specifying circumstances where you are to insert the plug only
partially. See Special Mackie Connections,
later in this section.
RCA PLUGS AND JACKS
SPECIAL MACKIE CONNECTIONS
RCA-type plugs (also known as phono
plugs) and jacks are often used in home stereo
and video equipment and in many other applications (Figure D). They are unbalanced and
electrically identical to a 1⁄4" TS phone plug or
jack (See Figure C). Connect the signal to the
center post and the ground (earth) or shield
to the surrounding “basket.”
The balanced-to-unbalanced connection has
been anticipated in the wiring of Mackie jacks.
A 1⁄4" TS plug inring
(TRS plug)
tip
sleeve
serted into a 1⁄4"
TRS balanced inThis plug connects to one of the
put, for example,
mixer’s Channel Insert jacks.
will automatically
Figure F
unbalance the input and make all the right connections.
Conversely, a 1⁄4" TRS plug inserted into a 1⁄4"
unbalanced input will automatically tie the ring
(low or cold) to ground (earth).
SLEEVE TIP SLEEVE TIP
Figure D: RCA Plug
UNBALANCING A LINE
TRS Send/Receive Insert Jacks
In most studio, stage and sound reinforcement situations, there is a combination of
balanced and unbalanced inputs and outputs on
the various pieces of equipment. This usually
will not be a problem in making connections.
• When connecting a balanced output to an
unbalanced input, be sure the signal high
(hot) connections are wired to each other,
and that the balanced signal low (cold)
goes to the ground (earth) connection at
the unbalanced input. In most cases, the
balanced ground (earth) will also be
connected to the ground (earth) at the
unbalanced input. If there are ground-loop
problems, this connection may be left
disconnected at the balanced end.
• When connecting an unbalanced output to a
balanced input, be sure that the signal high
(hot) connections are wired to each other.
The unbalanced ground (earth) connection
should be wired to the low (cold) and the
ground (earth) connections of the balanced
input. If there are ground-loop problems, try
connecting the unbalanced ground (earth)
connection only to the input low (cold)
connection, and leaving the input ground
(earth) connection disconnected.
In some cases, you will have to make up
special adapters to interconnect your equipment. For example, you may need a balanced
XLR female connected to an unbalanced 1⁄4"
TS phone plug.
Mackie’s single-jack inserts are the threeconductor, TRS-type 1⁄4" phone. They are
unbalanced, but have both the mixer output
(send) and the mixer input (return) signals in
one connector (See Figure F).
The sleeve is the common ground (earth) for
both signals. The send from the mixer to the
external unit is carried on the tip, and the return from the unit to the mixer is on the ring.
Using the Send Only on an Insert Jack
If you insert a TS (mono) 1⁄4" plug only
partially (to the first click) into a Mackie
insert jack, the plug will not activate the jack
switch and will not open the insert loop in the
circuit (thereby allowing the channel signal to
continue on its merry way through the mixer).
This allows you to tap out the channel or
bus signal at that point in the circuit without
interrupting normal operation.
MONO PLUG
Channel Insert jack
Direct out with no signal interruption to master.
Insert only to first “click.”
MONO PLUG
Channel Insert jack
Direct out with signal interruption to master.
Insert all the way in to the second “click.”
STEREO
PLUG
Channel Insert jack
For use as an effects loop.
(TIP = SEND to effect, RING = RETURN from effect.)
Figure E
43
SEND to processor
“tip”
“ring”
RETURN from processor
If you push the 1⁄4" TS plug in to the second
click, you will open the jack switch and create
a direct out, which does interrupt the signal in
that channel. See Figure E.
NOTE: Do not overload or short-circuit the
signal you are tapping
from the mixer. That will
affect the internal signal.
MACKIE STEREO INPUTS AND RETURNS:
Mono, Stereo, Whatever
A stereo signal, having two plugs, should be
patched into the LEFT (MONO) and the
RIGHT input or return jacks. A jack switch in
the RIGHT jack will disable the mono function, and the signals will show up in stereo.
A mono signal connected to the RIGHT jack
will show up in the right bus only. You probably
will only want to use this sophisticated effect
for special occasions (weddings, bar mitzvahs,
Rush Limbaugh’s birthday party, etc.)
MULTS AND “Y”s
Stereo line inputs and stereo AUX returns
are a fine example of the Mackie philosophy
(which we just made up) of Maximum Flexibility with Minimum Headache. The inputs
and returns will automatically be mono or
stereo, depending upon how you use the jacks.
Here’s how it works:
A mono signal should be patched into the
input or return jack labeled Left (MONO). The
signal will be routed to both the left and right
sides of the return circuit, and will show up in
the center of the stereo pair of buses it’s
assigned to, or it can be “panned” with the
Balance control.
A mult or “Y” connector allows you to route
one output to two or more inputs by simply
providing parallel wiring connections. You can
make “Y”s and mults for the outputs of both
unbalanced and balanced circuits.
Remember: Only mult
or “Y” an output into several inputs. If you need
to combine several outputs into one input, you
must use a mixer, not a mult or a “Y.”
RING (IN)
RING (RETURN)
TIP (OUT)
FROM
PROCESSOR
OUTPUT
TO
PROCESSOR
INPUT
TIP (SEND)
Y-cord insert cable
Y-cord splitter cable
44
RING
(RETURN)
TIP
(SEND)
TO MIXER
CHANNEL INSERT
APPENDIX C: Balanced Lines, Phantom Powering,
Grounding and Other Arcane Mysteries
Balanced Lines
What is it, exactly?
Balanced lines offer increased immunity to
external noise (specifically, hum and buzz).
Because a balanced system is able to minimize
noise, it is the preferred interconnect method,
especially in cases where very long lengths of
cable are being used. A long unbalanced cable
carries with it more opportunity for noise to
get into a system — having balanced inputs
means very little noise will enter the system
via snakes and other cables that typically must
run a long length. But regardless of length,
balanced lines are best.
The obvious external power source for any
modern microphone is a battery. About the
only electronic advantage that a battery has is
that its output is pure DC. The only other advantage is to the battery company — you have
to keep on buying them.
Tube microphones require several different
voltages for operation. This invariably means a
multiconductor cable and nonstandard (not
XLR) connectors. A tube microphone will always have an associated external power supply.
In the late 1960’s, Neumann (you know, the
folks that brought you the U47 and U87
microphones) converted its microphones to
solid-state, adopting a system of remote
powering that they called, and trademarked,
Phantom Powering. Because of the trademark,
some manufacturers use terms like Simplex
Powering, etc. Over the years, the trademark
has become genericized and now refers to any
device that is powered according to DIN standard 45 596 (or maybe it’s DIN standard 45
595, we’re not exactly sure…).
So, why “Phantom” Powering? Because (like
the Phantom in the old comic strip) it’s there
when you need it, and invisible when you don’t.
This technology is not new; it actually predates
rocket science. Like many other things in
audio, it was brought to you by the telephone
company, who used it to get an extra circuit
from a pair of wires. In effect, so does your
phantom powered microphone.
What is important is: phantom powering is a
compatible system. Your dynamic/ribbon
microphones as well as your condenser
microphones work side-by-side, from the same
microphone inputs, without further thought on
your part.
Technically speaking, phantom powering
refers to a system in which the audio signal is
applied to the balanced line in differentialmode, and the DC power is applied
common-mode. The audio travels via pins 2
and 3, the power travels between pins 2 and 3
simultaneously, and pin 1 is the ground for
both audio and power.
Phantom Powering and Microphones
History
Condenser (capacitor) microphones differ
from dynamic and ribbon microphones because they are not self-generating. That is,
they cannot generate electricity in response to
an impinging sound wave. A condenser microphone modifies an external source of
electricity to reflect the effects of a sound
wave striking its diaphragm.
Dynamic and ribbon microphones use
magnetism to generate electricity in response
to a sound wave: they are self-generating. Furthermore, both of these types of microphones
are inherently low-impedance devices. It is
possible to connect a dynamic microphone element directly to a balanced, low-impedance
mixer input. Many commercially made dynamic microphones do just that.
On the other hand, a condenser microphone
is an inherently high-impedance device. How
high? Verrrrrrry high. On the order of a billion
ohms (1 Gigaohm). This is high enough that
the inherent capacitance of a foot of shielded
cable would audibly reduce the output of the
microphone. All condenser microphones have
an impedance converter, in the form of a
vacuum tube or field-effect transistor (FET),
built into the microphone and located extremely close to the microphone element. The
impedance converter and the microphone element itself require an external power source.1
1
To be strictly correct, electret condenser microphones
are a bit different, as the microphone element does not require
a power source for operation (it is more or less permanently
self-polarized). Regardless, the impedance converter still requires an external source of power.
45
PHANTOM POWER DO & DON’T CHART
DO
DON’T
If you are plugging in a condenser microphone, do verify that your microphone can
be phantom powered.
Don't worry about your other microphones as
long their outputs are balanced and floating.
Ensure that the microphone’s output is low
impedance, balanced and floating. This is
especially important for vintage ribbon
microphones like the RCA 44BX and 77DX.
Don't connect microphones or devices that do
not conform to the DIN 45 596 standard.
Mute the sound system when turning the
phantom power on or off, or when connecting or disconnecting microphones. If you
forget, the resulting loud, nasty POP may be
your last.
Don't connect A-B or T-system microphones
(another remote powering system) without
suitable adaptors.
Microphones that do not require power simply ignore the DC present between pin 2/pin 3
and pin 1. If you measure with a voltmeter
between pin 2 and pin 3, you will read 0 Volts
DC. This is what your dynamic microphone
sees. Measuring between pin 2 and pin 1, or
between pin 3 and pin 1, you will read the
phantom power voltage, usually 48V, without a
microphone connected. The dynamic microphone, as well as your balanced mixer input,
ignores this voltage.
Lately, the term phantom power has been
perverted to refer to any remote powering
system. In the strict sense of the DIN standard,
this is not true. Furthermore, microphones or
transducers that claim to use this system are
not compatible with the DIN standard and will
almost certainly be damaged if connected into
such a system. Fortunately, these systems use
tip-ring-sleeve phone plugs or miniature XLR
connectors and they are usually associated
with instrument pickup applications2.
Phantom powering is defined in DIN standard
45 596 or IEC standard 268–15A. Your Mackie
Designs mixer conforms to this standard.
What works?
To be compatible in a phantom powered
system, a device (microphone, preamp with a
microphone-style output, or direct box) must
have a balanced and floating, low-impedance
2
There is another remote powering system called A-B or
T-system powering. It uses pins 2 and 3 to carry both power and
audio. It is not compatible with dynamic microphones or phantom-powered microphones.
46
output. This includes all microphones commonly used for sound reinforcement and
recording, such as the Shure SM58, SM57,
Electro-Voice RE-15, RE-16, RE-20, ND series,
Beyer M160, M500, AKG D224, D12, D112, and
many others.
If you are fortunate enough to own any tube
condenser microphones, such as the AKG C12,
Neumann U47 or U67, these microphones may
be connected in a phantom powered system
and will operate without regard to the presence or absence of phantom power. They will
always require their external power supply
(which must be plugged in and turned on).
What doesn’t work?
The list is short:
1. Microphones with unbalanced outputs.
2. Microphones with grounded center-tapped
outputs. Many old ribbon microphones were
supplied connected this way. Have a
technician lift the ground from the center
tap.
3. High-impedance microphones.
4. Microphones that exhibit leakage
between pin 2 or pin 3 and pin 1. These
microphones will sputter and crackle
when phantom power is applied and will
work fine when you turn off the phantom
power. Get the microphone repaired.
Do’s and Don’ts of Fixed Installations
If you install sound systems into fixed installations, there are a number of things that
you can do to make your life easier and that
increase the likelihood of the sound system
operating in a predictable manner. Even if you
don’t do fixed installations, these are good
practices for any sound system, installed.
1. Do use foil-shielded snake cable for long
cable runs. Carefully terminate each end,
minimizing the amount of shielding
removed. Protect the exposed foil shield
with shrink sleeving or PVC sleeving.
Prevent adjacent shields from contacting
each other (electrically). Use insulating
sleeving on the drain wire (the one that
connects to pin 1) to prevent it from
contacting the connector shell.
2. Don’t connect the XLR connector shell to
pin 1 of the XLR connector (unless necessary
for RFI shielding). Doing so is an invitation
for a ground loop to come visiting.
3. Do ensure that your speaker lines and AC
power lines are physically separated from
your microphone lines.
4. If you use floor pockets, use separate
pockets for inputs and speakers, or put the
connectors on opposite sides of the box so
that they may be shielded separately.
5. If your speaker lines run in the open, they
should be twisted pairs, at least 6 twists per
foot. Otherwise, run the speaker lines in
their own conduit. (Of course, conduit is not
too practical for portable systems, heh-heh.)
6. Minimize the distance between the power
amplifiers and the speakers.
7. Use heavy gauge, stranded wire for speaker
lines. Ideally, the wire resistance should be
less than 6% (0.5dB power loss) of the load
impedance. Remember that the actual run
is twice as long as the physical length of
the run. See below.
Maximum wire run for 0.5dB power loss in feet
wire
res. per
2
4
8
gauge 1000 ft.
Ω
Ω
Ω
10
1.00
60
120
240
12
1.59
40
75
150
14
2.5
24
48
95
16
4.02
15
30
60
8. Ensure that the electrician uses the starground system for the safety grounds in
your electrical system. All of the audio
system grounds should terminate at the
same physical point. No other grounds may
come in contact with this ground system.
9. Ensure that the AC power feeds are
connected to the same transformer, and
ideally, the same circuit breaker.
10.Walk outside – look at the horizon, see any
radio towers? Locate potential sources of
RF interference and plan for them before
you begin construction. Know the
frequency, transmitter power, etc. You can
get this information by calling the station.
Remember that many broadcast stations
change antenna coverage pattern and
transmitter power at night.
11.Don’t use hardware-store light dimmers.
12.Don’t allow for anything other than microphone inputs at stage/altar locations.
Supplying line inputs at these locations is
an invitation for misuse. Make all sources
look like microphones to the console.
13.Balance (or at least impedance balance)
all connections that are remote from the
console’s immediate location.
14.If you bridge an amplifier, don’t use 1⁄4"
phone plugs for speaker connectors.
Grounding
Grounding exists in your audio system for
two reasons: product safety and noise reduction. The third wire on the power cord exists
for product safety. It provides a low-resistance
path back to the electrical service to protect
the users of the product from electrical shock.
Hopefully, the resistance to ground through
the safety ground (third wire) is lower than
that through the user/operator to ground. If
you remove this connection (by breaking or
cutting the pin off, or by using a ‘ground
cheater’), this alternate ground path ceases to
exist, which is a safety hazard.
The metal chassis of the product, the
ground connections provided by the various
connectors, and the shields within your connecting cables provide a low potential point for
noise signals. The goal is to provide a lower impedance path to ground for noise signals than
through the signal wiring. Doing so helps minimize hum, buzz, and other extraneous
non-audio signals.
47
Many “authorities” tell you that shields
should only be connected at one end. Sometimes this can be true, but for most (99%)
audio systems, it is unnecessary. If you do everything else correctly, you should be able to
connect every component of your audio system
using standard, off-the-shelf connecting cables
that are available at any music store.
Here are some guidelines:
1. All return lines to the stage should be
balanced. At a minimum, they should be
impedance balanced. Remember that you can
balance a line by inserting a piece of equipment in-line that has a balanced output.
2. Run your own AC power wiring from the
stage for the mixer and related equipment.
Don’t use the “conveniently located”
receptacle thoughtfully provided by the
management for your use. You have no idea
how it’s wired or grounded.
3. Carry an outlet tester, available at any wellstocked hardware store. Use it to tell you if
the outlet you’re about to plug into is wired
correctly. Consider it cheap insurance.
4. If you carry enough equipment that you
need to wire directly into the electrical
service, then use a voltmeter to ensure that
the line voltage is correct, then use the
outlet tester mentioned in #3, above. Do
this before you connect any of your audio
equipment. Chances are that your 120V
gear won’t be too happy if it sees 220V for
any length of time.
5. Cables that are too long are less likely to
pick up hum if you uncoil them in their
entirety, and then find a place to stow the
excess. Leaving the excess coiled only helps
the cable pick up hum more efficiently.
6. Don’t run unbalanced lines to or from the
stage. It’s not the impedance, it’s the fact
that they’re unbalanced. It’s a good idea to
use a direct box to make the unbalanced
source look like a microphone.
7. For really extreme cases, you may need to
insert 1:1 or isolation transformers into
each return line from the front-of-house
location to your amp racks.
48
8. Don’t cut the third pin off of the power
cord. Carry some ground-lifter adapters
and use them only when you have to plug
into an ancient two-wire outlet.
9. If you bundle your cables together, don’t
bundle AC wiring and audio wiring together. Bundle them separately.
10.If your sound system insists on humming,
you may need to teach it the words.
FREE T-SHIRT OFFER
We love to hear what folks have created
using our mixers. If you use your MS1202-VLZ
to track and/or mix a CD that is commercially
released, we’ll trade you a disc for a genuine
Mackie T-Shirt! By “commercially released,”
we mean “offered for sale,” even if it’s just being sold out the back door of a local Karaoke
joint. No hand-lettered covers, please and
thank you. Furthermore, if you send us an
interesting story or photograph about your
production we might just include it in our
monthly newsletter! To get your genuine 100%
cotton Mackie Celebrity T-shirt, send your CD
(and optional story or photo) to:
Mackie Designs
FREE T-SHIRT OFFER
attn: Communications Department
16220 Wood-Red Rd. NE
Woodinville , WA 98072
(Roll credits please) Manual written by Jeff
Gilbert, based on a vignette by Ron Koliha,
with tidbits borrowed from almost everywhere.
Manual then defaced with proofreading pens
in the hands of Mackie’s legendary Tech Support staff. Manual composed on a rinky-dink
PC using a low-budget word processor, then
converted to this amazing piece of work using
a 13-story 1000 gigawhopper Macintosh operated by Mackie’s notorious Advertising staff
(most notably Becky Priebe). Please, feel free
to let us know if you find an error or stumble
over a confusing paragraph. Thank you for
reading the entire manual (we know you have,
or you wouldn’t be here).
MIC 1
MIC 4
MIC 3
MIC 2
MICRO SERIES 1202-VLZ
12-CHANNEL MIC/LINE MIXER
Session:
Date:
1
L
MONO
MONO
L
L
L
L
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
R
R
R
R
LEFT
2
RIGHT
R
2
R
STEREO AUX RETURNS
AUX SEND
U
U
60
-40dB
10
+10dB
LINE IN 5-6
TRIM
TRIM
TRIM
TRIM
60
-40dB
10
+10dB
60
-40dB
10
+10dB
60
-40dB
10
+10dB
MONO
U
U
U
U
-10
C GAIN
MI
-10
C GAIN
MI
-10
C GAIN
MI
-10
C GAIN
MI
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
MONO
LINE IN 4
LINE IN 3
LINE IN 2
LINE IN 1
BAL/UNBAL
ALL BAL/UNBAL
1
L
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
RIGHT
LEFT/MONO
LINE IN 7-8
LINE IN 9-10
LINE IN 11-12
NOTES:
AUX
1
U
AUX
1
U
+15
OO
+15
+15
OO
EQ
U
+15
OO
EQ
U
+15
OO
EQ
U
+15
OO
EQ
U
EFX
EFX
EFX
HI
HI
HI
HI
HI
HI
HI
12kHz
12kHz
12kHz
12kHz
12kHz
12kHz
12kHz
-15
-15
+15
-12
-12
+12
+7
+4
U
LOW
LOW
LOW
LOW
LOW
LOW
LOW
LOW
80Hz
80Hz
80Hz
80Hz
80Hz
80Hz
80Hz
80Hz
-15
+15
-15
+15
-15
+15
-15
+15
+2
0
+15
-2
TAPE
PAN
PAN
PAN
PAN
PAN
PAN
PAN
PAN
-15
+15
-15
+15
-15
+15
-4
-7
49
L
L
R
L
R
2
1
L
R
L
R
L
R
56
4
3
L
R
L
R
R
78
9 10
11 12
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
MUTE
MUTE
MUTE
MUTE
MUTE
MUTE
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
OO
+20dB
GAIN
OO
+20dB
GAIN
OO
+20dB
GAIN
OO
+20dB
GAIN
OO
+20dB
GAIN
OO
+20dB
GAIN
OO
-20
-30
+20dB
GAIN
RUDE
SOLO
LIGHT
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
-10
ASSIGN
TO MAIN MIX
MUTE
MUTE
OO
CLIP
+10
ALT 3-4
-15
RIGHT
+28
MAIN
MIX
+12
U
U
U
U
LEFT
2.5kHz
-12
+12
+20
OO
POWER
MID
2.5kHz
-12
EFX TO
MONITOR
SOURCE
U
MID
2.5kHz
+12
-12
+12
-12
+12
U
U
U
-12
+12
2.5kHz
2.5kHz
2.5kHz
2.5kHz
2.5kHz
2
AUX
RETURN
0dB=0dBu
+15
U
MID
MID
MID
-15
+15
U
U
U
MID
MID
-15
+15
-15
+15
-15
+15
U
U
MID
+12
-15
+15
NORMALLED
U
MON/PRE
POST
EQ
U
1
+20
OO
AUX 1
SELECT
+15
OO
EQ
U
HI
U
-12
+15
OO
EQ
U
2
2
2
2
+10
OO
AUX 1 MASTER
U
12kHz
+15
-15
+15
OO
EQ
U
MON/
EFX
+15
OO
U
EFX
EFX
AUX
1
U
MON/
EFX
+15
OO
U
2
2
AUX
1
U
MON/
EFX
+15
OO
U
EFX
EFX
AUX
1
U
MON/
EFX
+15
OO
U
2
2
AUX
1
U
MON/
EFX
+15
OO
U
EFX
OO
+15
OO
U
U
AUX
1
U
MON/
EFX
MON/
EFX
MON/
EFX
+15
OO
AUX
1
U
+20dB
GAIN
U
BAL
U
OO
CONTROL
ROOM
MAX
/ PHONES
U
OO
+10dB
MAIN MIX
LEVEL SET
TAPE
INPUT
TAPE
OUTPUT
MAIN OUTS
Some of the
people at our
Woodinville,
Washington factory
who helped
design, build, sell,
and support your
product.
®
®
™
®
Mackie Designs Inc.
16220 Wood-Red Rd. NE • Woodinville, WA 98072 • USA
800/898-3211 • Outside the US: 425/487-4333
Fax: 425/487-4337 • www.mackie.com
E-mail: sales@mackie.com