ITEM
1
DELTA P/N
SUPPLIER P/N
5011361602
NOTES
*1
NOTES :
*1 MANUAL OPERATION GES302R200035 ESI ENG
*2 MUST MEET DELTA'S GENERAL SPEC. :10000-0162
*3 封面部分:長:210mm±2 寬:150±2 材質:120P特銅紙 表面處理: 無
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附件一共31頁
REV.
Description
Date
Drawn
Designed
00
RELEASED & ISSUED
7/18/2008
7/18/2008
7/18/2008
01
封面修改,不影響採購進料
7/22/2008
7/22/2008
7/22/2008
02
CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING
增加內容
9/22/2008
9/22/2008
9/22/2008
03
更換 Page 12, 14~16, 25 圖片
9/23/2008
9/23/2008
9/23/2008
04
修改 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS 內容
01/16/2009
01/16/2009
01/16/2009
台達電子工業股份有限公司
DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC.
THESE DRAWINGS AND SPECIFICATIONS ARE THE PROPERTY OF DELTA ELECTRONICS ,
INC. AND SHALL NOT BE REPRODUCED OR USED AS THE BASIS FOR THE MANUFACTURE
OR SELL OF APPARATUSES OR DEVICES WITHOUT PERMISSION.
File Name : FR1R00.XLS
DESCRIPTION :
Electronic Mechanical
5011361602
Approved
DDCCChungLi
Document
is Released
2009.01.22
15:59:50
+08'00'
SUPPLIER :
SANLI
MANUAL
DRAWING NO. :
Safety
REV.
04
SHEET
1
TO
END
GAIA series
1- 3 KVA USER MANUAL
ONLINE
GA1000R
GA2000R
GA3000R
Uninterruptible Power Supply
1
CONTENTS
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS ................................................................................ 2
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................. 5
1-1 THEORY OF OPERATION..................................................................................................... 5
1-2 FEATURE ......................................................................................................................... 7
1-3 ANNOTATION AND SYMBOL ................................................................................................. 9
CHAPTER 2
OPERATION ................................................................................................. 10
2-1 OPERATION PANEL ......................................................................................................... 10
CHAPTER 3
INSTALLATION............................................................................................. 14
3-1 MOUNTING..................................................................................................................... 14
3-2 CONNECTING THE BATTERY BANK ..................................................................................... 15
3-3 CONNECTING THE RS-232/DRY CONTACT ........................................................................ 16
3-4 CONNECTING THE LOAD .................................................................................................. 16
3-5 CONNECTING TO UTILITY POWER ...................................................................................... 17
3-6 TURNING “ON” THE UPS ................................................................................................ 17
3-7 COLD START WHEN UTILITY POWER IS NOT PRESENT .......................................................... 17
3-8 UPS SELF-TEST ............................................................................................................. 17
3-9 SILENCE FUNCTION......................................................................................................... 18
3-10 TURNING “OFF” THE UPS............................................................................................. 18
3-11 IF CERTAIN ABNORMAL CONDITION OCCURS, THE UPS WILL SEND THE FOLLOWING MESSAGES:
........................................................................................................................................... 18
3-12 DE-RATING POWER....................................................................................................... 19
3-13 UPS INTERNAL FAULT ................................................................................................... 20
CHAPTER 4
COMMUNICATION INTERFACE .................................................................. 21
4-1 RS232/ USB................................................................................................................. 22
4-2 DRY CONTACT ............................................................................................................... 23
4-3 SNMP CARD ............................................................................................................... 24
CHAPTER 5
BATTERY REPLACEMENT.......................................................................... 25
5-1 BATTERY REPLACEMENT (SEE FIGURE 5-1)...................................................................... 25
CHAPTER 6
TROUBLESHOOTING .................................................................................. 26
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS........................................................................................... 29
1
2
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Save These Instructions! This manual contains important instructions for our
UPS that should be followed during installation and maintenance of the UPS
and batteries.
…
The UPS has an internal battery supply. The nominal rating voltage of battery supply is
24V, 48V, 72V for 1KVA, 2KVA and 3KVA UPS individually no matter what model of
the 1KVA, 2KVA and 3KVA UPS.
…
To reduce the risk of electric shock, install this UPS in a temperature and humidity
controlled indoor area free of conductive contaminants. Ambient temperature must not
exceed 40°C (104°F)
…
The AC output of the UPS need a disconnect switch such as a breaker which has to be
provided by others.
…
The over-current protection for the output AC circuit has to be provided by others. All of
our UPS have an electronic protection of AC output short circuit.
…
Servicing of batteries should be performed or supervised by personnel who are
knowledgeable about batteries and the required precautions. Keep unauthorized
personnel away from batteries.
…
When replacing batteries, replace with the same number of the: LC-R129
(PANASONIC), REW45-12 (YUASA), HR9-12 (BB), and HR1234F2 (CSB).
…
CAUTION!
…
CAUTION! Do not open or mutilate the battery or batteries. Released electrolyte is
harmful to the skin and eyes. It may be toxic.
…
CAUTION! A battery can present a risk of electrical shock and high short circuit current.
The following precautions should be observed when working on batteries:
…
Remove watches, rings, or other metal objects.
…
Use tools with insulated handles.
…
Wear rubber gloves and boots.
…
Do not lay tools or metal parts on top of batteries.
Do not dispose of battery or batteries in fire. The battery may explode.
2
3
…
Disconnect charging source prior to connecting or disconnecting battery terminals.
…
Determine if the battery is inadvertently grounded. If inadvertently grounded, remove
source of ground. Contact with any part of a grounded battery can result in electrical
shock. The likelihood of such shock will be reduced if such grounds are removed
during installation and maintenance (applicable to UPS and a remote battery supply
not having a grounded supply circuit).
…
This UPS contains batteries, which are potentially hazardous to user, even when the
UPS is not connected to the utility power.
[1KVA MODEL] Federal Communications Commission Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This
equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the
user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one of the following measures:
…
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
…
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
…
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which
the receiver is connected.
…
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
FCC Caution: To assure continued compliance, (example-use only shielded
interface cables when connecting to computer or peripheral devices). Any changes
or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance
could void the user’s authority to operate this equipment.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2)
this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
3
4
[2, 3KVA MODELS] Federal Communications Commission Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A
digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is
operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses and can
radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instructions manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful
interference in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his
own expense.
4
5
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
1-1 Theory of operation
The main topology of the UPS consists of bypass path, AC-DC converter, DC-AC
inverter, battery charger, DC-DC converter, control circuit and detection circuit.
Moreover, the intelligent power management software is also optional. The function
and efficiency are superior to the traditional UPS.
BYPASS
PFC C ontrol
C ircuit
LED B oard
C ontrol Board
To C ontrol Board
To Auxiliary Pow er
R elay
Breaker
AC
I/P
EM I
Filter
BYPASS
R ELAY
AC -D C D ouble
Booster
H alf-bridge D C -AC Inverter
AC
O /P
Battery Bank
C harger
D C -D C C onverter
To C ontrol B oard
To C ontrol Board
To External Battery Bank
Auxiliary P ow er
Figure 1-1 Hardware block diagram of the UPS
The UPS operation is described as below:
When the utility power is applied into the UPS, it was divided into two ways after
going through the breaker and EMI filter. One way is connected to AC-DC converter
which converts the utility AC power into a DC voltage which is called DC-BUS
voltage then divides into two paths. One path goes to charger which converts the
DC-BUS voltage into a proper DC voltage to charge the UPS battery. The other path
goes into DC-AC half bridge inverter. The other way works as a bypass path. The
bypass relay near the output will choose either the bypass path or inverter output. In
general, the UPS will internally do the self-diagnosis. If there is no problem, the
bypass relay will choose the inverter output. This is so called “ON-LINE mode”.
5
6
In case the utility power fail, the AC-DC converter and charger will be off duty. The
DC-DC converter works and converts the battery voltage into DC-BUS voltage. The
DC-AC inverter converts the DC-BUS voltage into AC voltage. This is so called
“ON-BATTERY mode”.
The auxiliary power circuit supplies the designated power to all the control circuits.
Because the DC-AC inverter is always working, the DC-DC converter can work
rapidly and replace the AC-DC converter while the utility power fails. Furthermore,
the bypass relay continuously keeps in the position of inverter output to supply the
regulated power for the load. There is no power failure to loading equipment.
6
7
1-2 Feature
The UPS, available in 1KVA, 2KVA and 3KVA, is an advanced on-line UPS
providing reliable and consistent sine-wave quality power to vital equipment. It
supports personal computers, networks, servers, telecommunication equipment
and a variety of other facilities. With its outstanding protection features, the unit
keeps your applications safe and running smoothly at all times.
…
High power density
Other than traditional UPS adopting 0.7 output power factor, the UPS uses the
latest technology and highest quality components giving output power factor up
to 0.8. Compared to other UPS (1000VA/800W), these UPS series boosts a
12% more output power. This UPS with its compact size, generates higher
power density thus giving convenience to the users. Moreover, through the use
of advanced technology, the UPS efficiency increases to more than 87%.
Compared with other traditional UPS with only 80 to 85% efficiency, this UPS
produces greater electric power efficiency at less electric costs.
…
PFC (Power Factor Correction)
With this function, the investment in the capacity of circuit breakers can be
reduced, specially it will be highly regarded as an important feature in critical
load applications.
…
Complete Protection
On-line double conversion design, pure sine wave output and zero transfer time
provide best protection. With a built-in surge, spike and line noise protection,
the UPS prevents destructive hardware damage and extends system life. The
EMI/RFI filtering design prevents electrical noise from affecting computer
operation and data files. Besides, the UPS provides built-in Fax/Network cable
(RJ11/RJ45) jacks protecting your hardware from surge, spikes and line-noise
which travel along communication lines, therefore providing you a complete
“back door” protection.
…
Intelligent design
Integrated with a microprocessor, the UPS is able to perform intelligent
functions. The UPS triggers over-voltage protection function and transfers to
“On- Battery mode” even when utility voltage exceeds 275V. In addition, the
UPS can accept large voltage variation of 130V to 275V. Wide input voltage
range means less battery power usage frequency and longer battery life span.
Besides, programmable outlet design, suitable for power management, is also
7
8
included in this unit.
…
Considerate design
Battery start function allows startup of the UPS even when there is no AC line
available. In addition, the UPS which was shut down by remote control during
power line blackout will restart automatically when AC power recovers. Using
our automatic frequency sensing function to match input and output frequency,
users don't need to set either 50Hz or 60Hz. Other features, such as UPS
self-diagnosis and flexible external battery pack, are also included.
…
Green function design
The operation in sleeping mode is designed to just keep charging which saves
the energy a lot.
…
User friendly interface
The UPS provides a variety of functions which meet users’ needs. Users can
instantly understand the status of the UPS via the informative LED display.
Audible alarms, bar meters and status indicators, such as battery replace
indication, UPS fault, line condition, overload etc. are simple and easy for user
to understand. Moreover, users can simply reset the circuit breaker instead of
having to replace a fuse in the event of output overload.
…
Network Management
Build-in communication interface port supporting RS232 and Dry contact
protocols enhances the reliability and manageability of the UPS over all major
operating systems, including Windows 95/ 98/ 2000/ NT/ XP/ Vista, Netware,
UNIX, and others. Besides, the UPS also supports the Simple Network
Management Protocol and Hyper Text Transfer Protocol via plugging a
SNMP/HTTP adapter into the build-in SNMP slot.
8
9
1-3 Annotation and symbol
The two signs shown on the manual indicating important instruction need to be
followed.
!
Read before Operation
Maybe Dangerous/Follow Instructions
Protective grounding terminal: A terminal
which must be connected to earth ground
prior to making any other connection to the
equipment.
This symbol indicates the word “phase”.
ON
TEST
This symbol indicates the principal on/off
switch is in the “ON” position.
OFF
This symbol indicates the principal on/off
switch is in the “STAND-BY” position.
9
10
CHAPTER 2 OPERATION
2-1 Operation Panel
OVERLOAD
100%
FAULT
ON
TEST
75%
50%
BYPASS
OFF
25%
LINE
ONLINE
LOAD
BATT.
ON BATT.
BATT. LOW
REPLACE
BATT.
UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLIES
OVERLOAD
B. 10
B. 5
100%
B. 11
FAULT
B. 1
BYPASS
75%
A. 1
OFF
A. 2
50%
25%
B. 2
ON
TEST
LINE
B. 3
B. 7
B. 4
ONLINE
LOAD
BATT.
ON BATT.
BATT. LOW
REPLACE
BATT.
UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLIES
Figure 2-1 Operation Panel
10
11
B. 6
B. 9
B. 8
Operation Panel
A. Button:
1. ON/TEST Switch: The button is used for turning on the UPS, it can also
perform the battery test function in “ON-LINE mode”. In “ON-BATTERY
mode”, this button can turn off the buzzer for silence.
2. OFF Switch: The button is used for turning off UPS.
B. LED Display Status:
1. Bypass: This LED indicates that the UPS is in “BYPASS mode”.
2. Line LED: This LED indicates the condition of input line. If the input voltage
is too low, too high, or out of frequency, this LED will flash. When line is
blackout, this LED will light off.
3. ON Line LED: This LED indicates that the UPS is running in “ON-LINE
mode”.
4. ON Battery LED: This LED indicates the UPS is running in “ON-BATTERY
mode” (backup mode), the internal batteries will supply the power.
5. Level LEDs: The four LEDs indicate that the current battery capacity in
“ON-BATTERY mode” or the current load level of the UPS in “ON-LINE
mode”.
6. Battery LED: When this LED lights up, “Level LEDs” will show the current
battery capacity.
7. Load LED: When this LED lights up, “Level LEDs” will show the load level of
the UPS.
8. Battery Low: This LED indicates that the UPS is in the “Battery Low”
condition.
9. Battery Replace: After Battery test, This LED indicates that the batteries
are weak and it is suggested to the users to replace the batteries.
10. Overload: This LED indicates that the load level exceeds the rating, after a
limited period of time, the UPS will transfer to “BYPASS mode” and this
LED will still light on to alarm the user.
11. Fault: This LED indicates that the UPS is fault.
11
12
Rear Panel
The rear panel is explained as follows: (Please refer to Figure 2-2.1 and 2-2.2)
3
2
7
1
8
4
INPUT
BREAKER
LOAD 1
LOAD 2
24V DC
40A
SNMP SLOT
INPUT
IN
OUT
SURGE PROTECTOR
5
REPO
RS232
10
6
9
Figure 2-2.1 (1KVA Rear Panel)
2
7
4
1
8
INPUT
BREAKER
SNMP SLOT
LOAD 1
LOAD 2
48V DC
40A
INPUT
3
IN
OUT
SURGE PROTECTOR
LOAD 3
1
5
REPO
RS232
10
6
9
Figure 2-2.2 (2KVA & 3KVA Rear Panel)
1. OUTPUT RECEPTACLES: The UPS supplies AC power to the load.
2. I/P BREAKER: To prevent the UPS from damages caused by the high
input current
3. INPUT SOCKET: AC input utility supplies power to the UPS via the
socket.
4. SNMP SLOT: A SNMP adapter can be plugged in this port for managing
the UPS on network. Please refer to section four for more detailed
information. (Optional)
5. TVSS (Transient Voltage Surge Suppressor) (RJ-45/RJ-11 SURGE
PROTECTOR): These connectors are used to prevent damages caused
by surge, noise and spike traveling from the telephone or network line.
12
13
6. COMMUNICATION INTERFACE (RS-232/DRY CONTACT): The
communication port is used to communicate PC and UPS. Please refer to
section four for more detailed information.
7. Fan: DC fans for cooling purpose.
8. External Batteries Connector: Used for connecting external battery
Bank to extend back up time.
9. USB: USB connector can be plugged in this port. The communication port
is used to communicate PC and UPS.
10. EPO (RJ11/Emergency power OFF): When UPS is connected to RJ11
connector. It enables emergency Shutdown of UPS’s inverter.
13
14
CHAPTER 3 INSTALLATION
Before unpacking the UPS, check the packing box. If there is any visible
damage, contact your dealer at once.
1. Any individuals with previous training should operate this unit.
2. This unit should be installed by service personnel.
3-1 Mounting
3-1-1 Enclosure Mounting
…
Install the mounting bracket. See Figure 3-1.
Figure 3-1 UPS Mounting
3-1-2 Vertical Installation
…
The UPS is rack mountable as well as standing alone. You can mount the
UPS on the shelf, or you can erect the UPS with the supporting stands as
Figure 3-2.
Vertical Bracket
Figure 3-2 Vertical Installation
14
15
3-2 Connecting the battery bank
1. Before installation, check the rating voltage of battery bank is suitable for the
UPS.
2. When UPS is running for the first time, charge the UPS for at least 8 hours
to ensure batteries inside are fully charged before operation.
3. Utilize the battery connection cable, be attached in battery bank package,
packed with the battery bank and UPS show as Figure 3-3.
INPUT
BREAKER
LOAD 1
LOAD 2
24V
40A
LOT
INPUT
OUT
IN
SURGE PROTECTOR
REPO
RS232
ON
DC BREAKER
24V
40AMAX.
For 1KVA
INPUT
BREAKER
SNMP SLOT
LOAD 1
LOAD 2
72V
40A
INPUT
IN
OUT
SURGE PROTECTOR
LOAD 3
REPO
RS232
ON
DC BREAKER
24V
40AMAX.
For 2KVA & 3KVA
Figure 3-3 UPS Connected to the External Battery Bank
Notice:


Normally, the life of a battery is 3~5 years. But extreme operating condition
and environment may shorten its life-span.
When UPS has not been used for a period of time, the batteries will
discharge slightly. It is recommended to charge the UPS once every 3
months.
Safety Requirement:


In order to remove the battery power cord emergently, please plug in the
power cord directly.
Besides plugging in the battery power cord, the battery power cord needs
to be fixed with the screws.
15
16
3-3 Connecting the RS-232/Dry contact
Connect the interface signal cable between the RS-232/Dry contact port on the
rear panel of UPS and COM1 or COM2 of computer if necessary (Show as
Figure 3-4.1 and 3-4.2). Refer to section four for more information.
Figure 3-4.1 UPS Connection for 1KVA:
1. Connect to RS232 Port.
2. Connect to PC.
3. AC input utility supplies power to
the UPS.
INPUT
BREAKER
LOAD 1
LOAD 2
24V DC
40A
SNMP SLOT
INPUT
IN
OUT
SURGE PROTECTOR
REPO
RS232
Figure 3-4.2 UPS Connection for 2KVA or 3KVA:
1. Connect to RS232 Port.
2. Connect to PC.
3. AC input utility supplies power to
the UPS.
INPUT
BREAKER
SNMP SLOT
LOAD 1
LOAD 2
72V DC
40A
INPUT
LOAD 3
IN
OUT
SURGE PROTECTOR
REPO
RS232
3-4 Connecting the load
1. Calculate power consumption of your loads to ensure that the overload
condition will not happen.
2. Plug the power cord of the equipment into the output receptacles on the rear
panel of the UPS.
Caution: Do not connect a laser printer to the UPS.
!
16
17
3-5 Connecting to utility power
AC input utility supplies power to the UPS.
After that, the fan (in rear panel) will run and all LEDs will light
for about 2-3 seconds. Users can check whether all LEDs are
normal or not. The UPS is set in “STANDBY mode” initially.
Meanwhile battery will be charged. (Shown as Figure 3-5)
OVERLOAD
100%
FAULT
ON
TEST
75%
50%
BYPASS
OFF
25%
LINE
ONLINE
LOAD
BATT
.
ON BATT.
BATT. LOW
REPLACE
BATT.
UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLIES
Figure 3-5
Stand-By Mode
3-6 Turning “ON” the UPS
When the utility power is acceptable for the UPS, line LED
and load LED light on, you can normally turn on the UPS after
pushing the [ On Test ] button and hold for 3 seconds until a
short beep is heard. The bypass LED will extinguish after
shortly light on. When the on-line LED lights on, the UPS is
running in “ON-LINE mode”. (Shown as Figure 3-6) Note!
When you hear the beep sound, please release the button.
OVERLOAD
100 %
FAULT
ON
TEST
75%
50%
BYPASS
OFF
25%
LINE
ONLINE
LOAD
BATT
.
ON BATT.
BATT. LOW
REPLACE
BATT.
UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLIES
Figure 3-6 On-Line Mode
3-7 Cold start when utility power is not present
Even when there is no utility power, you can still turn on the
UPS. Just press the [ On Test ] button and hold for 3 seconds,
the UPS will start up after you hear a short beep. The battery
LED and on-battery LED will light on and the UPS runs in
“ON-BATTERY mode”. (Shown as Figure 3-7)
OVERLOAD
100 %
FAULT
ON
TEST
75%
50%
BYPASS
OFF
25%
LINE
ONLINE
LOAD
BATT
.
ON BATT.
BATT. LOW
REPLACE
BATT.
UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLIES
Figure 3-7 On Battery Mode
3-8 UPS self-test
If press the [ On Test ] button when the UPS is in “ON-LINE mode”, it will make
the UPS shift to “ON-BATTERY mode” and automatically perform a self-test for
about 10 seconds. The self-test function will check the condition of the battery.
After self-test is finished and test is O.K, the UPS will return to “ON- LINE
mode”.
17
18
3-9 Silence function
The buzzer can be turned “On” or “Off” by pressing the [ On Test ] button when
the UPS is in “ON-BATTERY mode”.
3-10 Turning “OFF” the UPS
Push the [ OFF ] button for turning off the UPS. When a short beep is heard,
please release your press. After a few seconds the UPS will be off.
The UPS will keep charging when UPS is in “STANDBY mode” even though the
[ OFF ] button has been pressed. To fully turn off the UPS, it is advised to
unplug the power cord.
3-11 If certain abnormal condition occurs, the UPS will
send the following messages:
“ON-BATTERY mode”: When the UPS is in “ON-BATTERY
mode”, the on- battery LED will light on, buzzer beep half
second every 2 seconds and then the UPS will start supplying
power to load through batteries. (Shown as Figure 3-8)
OVERLOAD
100%
FAULT
ON
TEST
75 %
50 %
BYPASS
OFF
25 %
LINE
ONLINE
LOAD
BATT
.
ON BATT.
BATT. LOW
REPLACE
BATT.
UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLIES
Figure 3-8 On-Battery Mode
OVERLOAD: If the load exceeds the UPS rating, after a
limited period, the overload LED will light on and buzzer
continuous beeping to alarm the user. The user should unplug
some uncritical loads to release the overload condition.
(Shown as Figure 3-9)
OVERLOAD
100%
FAULT
ON
TEST
75 %
50 %
BYPASS
OFF
25 %
LINE
ONLINE
LOAD
BATT
.
ON BATT.
BATT. LOW
REPLACE
BATT.
UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLIES
Figure 3-9
Overload and UPS
turn into Bypass
18
19
BATTERY REPLACE: This LED function is to alert user that
the batteries should be replaced. When the microprocessor in
the UPS detects a battery fault, the buzzer beep 0.1 second
every 2 seconds. (Shown as Figure 3-10)
OVERLOAD
100%
FAULT
ON
TEST
75 %
50 %
BYPASS
OFF
25 %
LINE
ONLINE
LOAD
BATT
.
ON BATT.
BATT. LOW
REPLACE
BATT.
UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLIES
Figure 3-10
Battery Replace
BATTERY LOW: This function is to inform user the remaining
power capacity of the batteries. When batteries reach a low
level condition, the UPS alarm will beep half second every 1.5
seconds until running out of battery capacity. (Shown as Figure
3-11)
OVERLOAD
100%
FAULT
ON
TEST
75%
50%
BYPASS
OFF
25%
LINE
ONLINE
BATT
.
ON BATT.
BATT. LOW
REPLACE
BATT.
LOAD
UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLIES
Figure 3-11
Battery Low
SHORT CIRCUIT: When the output of the UPS shorts in
“ON-LINE mode” or “ON-BATTERY mode”, the UPS will shut
down (without output voltage). As soon as the short circuit is
happened, the fault LED will light on and the UPS alarm will
sound continuously. When remove short circuit, the UPS output
will recover. If short circuit is happened in “BYPASS mode”,
the UPS will protect itself by tripping the input breaker and shut
down. (Shown as Figure 3-12)
OVERLOAD
100%
FAULT
ON
TEST
75 %
50%
BYPASS
OFF
25%
LINE
ONLINE
LOAD
BATT
.
ON BATT.
BATT. LOW
REPLACE
BATT.
UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLIES
Figure 3-12
Short Circuit
3-12 De-rating Power
In the range of 130Vac to 160Vac, the UPS load capacity will decrease. This
function provides a wider operating power voltage range.
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3-13 UPS internal fault
If the following conditions occur, the UPS fails. At this time the UPS will transfer
to “BYPASS mode”. The bypass LED and fault LED will light on and alarm
continuously. If utility is too low or too high the UPS output will be disabled. For
fault messages, please refer to the troubleshooting (section 6) of this manual.
9 When the UPS inner components overheat, the UPS will protect itself by
thermal switches. This status is so-called “O.T.P”. Show as Figure 3-13.
When the UPS fan is failure. It is show as Figure 3-14.
9 When under (or over) voltage is happened in the UPS output. This kind of
fault will be detected by the microprocessor in the UPS and is so-called
“U.V.P” (“O.V.P”). Show as Figure 3-15, 3-16.
9 When under (or over) bus voltage is happened in the UPS and is so-called
“Bus U.V.P” (“Bus O.V.P”). Show as Figure 3-17, 3-18.
OVERLOAD
OVERLOAD
100%
FAULT
ON
TEST
75%
50%
BYPASS
FAULT
ON
TEST
BATT.
ON BATT.
BATT. LOW
REPLACE
BATT.
UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLIES
ON
TEST
75%
50%
BYPASS
OFF
25%
OFF
25%
LINE
LOAD
FAULT
50%
OFF
25%
100%
75%
BYPASS
LINE
ONLINE
OVERLOAD
100%
LINE
ONLINE
BATT.
ON BATT.
BATT. LOW
REPLACE
BATT.
LOAD
UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLIES
ONLINE
LOAD
BATT.
ON BATT.
BATT. LOW
REPLACE
BATT.
UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLIES
Figure 3-13 (O.T.P.)
Figure 3-14 (Fan Fail)
Figure 3-15 (Inverter U.V.P.)
Figure 3-16
Figure 3-17
Figure 3-17
(Inverter O.V.P.)
(DC BUS U.V.P.)
(DC BUS O.V.P.)
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CHAPTER 4 COMMUNICATION INTERFACE
The UPS provides RS-232 and Dry contact protocols in one D-sub 9 connector.
Using proper UPS management software and cable, the UPS can be managed
in LAN/ Intranet/ Internet environment. The pin assignment of the D-sub 9
connector is defined as follows:
ASSIGNMENT DESCRIPTION
PIN
RS-232
Dry Contact
1
Low battery (Open collector)
2
UPS TxD (typical RS-232 level)
3
UPS RxD (typical RS-232 level)
4
Reserved for PNP
5
GND
GND
6
Reserved for PNP
Reserved
7
Reserved for PNP
Reserved
8
Remote Shutdown (5~12V)
Utility Fail (Open collector)
9
Open Collector
6
1
7
2
8
3
9
4
5
Figure 4-1 Pin Assignment
GND
Figure 4-2 Open Collector Circuit
Maximum voltage and current on pin 1, 8 is 30VDC, 10mA.
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4-1 RS232/ USB
The RS232/USB communication port provides the following functions:
1.
Monitoring charger status
2.
Monitoring battery status and condition
3.
Monitoring inverter status
4.
Monitoring UPS status
5.
Monitoring the utility power status
6.
Providing the power switch function for computer to turn on/off the utility
power on schedule for power saving
7.
Adjustable Transfer voltage
HARDWARE:
BAUD RATE---------------- 2400 bps
DATA LENGTH------------- 8 bits
STOP BIT-------------------- 1 bit
PARITY----------------------- NONE
CABLING:
Standard D-sub 9 cable (UPS side: male, PC side: female)
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4-2 Dry Contact
Its major functions normally some or all of following:
1. To broadcast a warning when power fails.
2. To close the files before the battery is exhausted.
3. To turn off the UPS via computers.
Pin1
The pin is normally open. When battery low, pin1 and
pin5 are connected via photo coupler.
Pin3
On Battery mode, the UPS will shut down when a high
level voltage (5~12V) sustained for at least 3.8 seconds
is applied.
Pin5
Signal ground.
Pin6, 7
Reserved.
Pin8
The pin is normally open. When utility fails, pin8 and pin5
are connected via photo coupler.
Cabling:
The users must use the special cable. The connection is described as follows:
PC (female) UPS (male)
Pin1------------------Pin1 (battery Low)
Pin3------------------Pin5 (GND)
Pin4------------------Pin3 (Shutdown)
Pin7------------------Pin6
Pin7------------------Pin7
Pin8------------------Pin8 (AC Fail)
The communication port on the rear panel of the UPS may be connected to a
computer. This port allows the computer to monitor the UPS and control the
operation of the UPS in some cases.
Some computers may have a special connector to link this communication port, or
require a special plug-in card, or need special UPS monitoring software. Contact
your dealer for details of different interface kits.
Caution:
Every time when you connect your UPS and computer, please make sure the utility
exists.
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4-3 SNMP CARD
1. SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) is the most popular
protocol in the network. Via NMS (Network Management Station) can
detect the status of all facilities in the network.
2. On the rear panel of UPS built-in a SNMP slot (Please refer to Figure
2-2 ), this optional interface unit can integrate UPS into the network and
then you can easily monitor the UPS status. Once you install SNMP card
in the UPS, you can’t get any information from UPS via RS232. i.e.
3. The SNMP card also supports SHTTP protocol, you can use browser
Microsoft IE or Netscape Communicator to monitor or conFigure UPS.
Besides, SNMP card supports Telnet and FTP for remote monitoring and
firmware upgrading.
Specification:
…
…
…
…
…
Auto detecting 10/100MNetwork speed.
Supporting protocol: TCP/IP, UDP, HTTP, ICMP, ARP, TELNET, BOOTP,
DHCP, FTP and SNMPv1.
Remote firmware upgradeable and configurable.
Web server built-in, allow monitoring/controlling UPS via browser.
VT100 terminal mode or Telnet to configure SNMP.
Function:
…
…
…
…
…
…
…
Schedule: Shutdown/Restart UPS, testing and control outlets.
Testing: Scheduled testing battery can insure the UPS can work
normally during power failure.
Event log: Auto-record the power event.
Historical records: Keep records of UPS status in specified interval.
Event handling: configure special action for each power event to meet
your requirement.
On/ Off UPS: setup the power on/off timer.
Outlet control: configure UPS outlets.
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CHAPTER 5
BATTERY REPLACEMENT
Servicing of batteries should be performed or supervised by personnel
knowledgeable of batteries and the required precautions. Keep unauthorized
personnel away from batteries.
5-1 Battery Replacement (See Figure 5-1)
1 Remove front panel.
2 Unscrew four bolts of the battery.
Compartment.
3 Unplug battery connectors.
4 Unscrew two bolts .
5 Pull the battery set out and renew it.
6 Assemble UPS by reverse procedure.
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
Step 4
Figure 5-1 Battery Replacement
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CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING
Problem
Possible Cause
Solution
ON/ TEST button is not
pushed.
Press the ON/ TEST button to
turn on the UPS.
(Refer section 3 to turn on the
UPS.)
Battery low shutdown and
utility is absent.
Waiting for line recovery.
UPS fault.
Call for qualified service
personnel if above actions do
not solve the problem.
UPS is not turned on.
(No alarm, No LED
1. Reduce some loads
The
rear
panel
input
circuit
lights)
connected to the UPS.
breaker is tripped. (Button is
2. Reset the circuit
tripped out)
breaker. (Push button in)
Batteries inside the UPS are Recharge the batteries for at
not fully charged.
least 8 hours.
UPS is overloaded.
UPS does not provide
expected back-up
time.
Batteries are weak.
Remove some unnecessary
loads.
Batteries weak faster when
used often or operating at
higher temperature.
If the battery is near the end
of its life, call for service
personnel. Replace the
battery even if the Replace
Battery LED does not light.
Charger fault or other reason. Call for service.
1. Recharge the batteries for
at least 8 hours.
2. If problem remains Call for
service personnel to, replace
the batteries.
“REPLACE BATTERY”
Weak batteries.
LED lights on.
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Problem
PC-UPS
communication does
not work properly.
UPS operates on
battery even though
the line is in normal
operating condition.
UPS over
temperature.
Possible Cause
Solution
Incorrect transmission speed.
Re-test after using another
different transmission speed.
Refer to communication
interface (Section 3-4) of this
Incorrect RS-232 connection. manual Re-connect the UPS
with COM1 / COM2 on PC
again.
Incorrect USB connection.
Re-connect the UPS with
USB on PC again.
No incoming utility.
Check input power
connection.
The rear panel input circuit
1. Reduce some loads
breaker is tripped. (Button is
connected to the UPS.
out).
2. Reset the circuit breaker.
(Push button in)
Very high, low or distorted
utility voltage.
Have qualified electrician
check the input voltage.
The exhaust fans and
ventilation grills may be
obstructed.
Choose a well-ventilated area
to position your UPS to allow
adequate dissipation of heat.
The environment
temperature exceeds 40oC
(104oF).
Position your UPS in cooler
area.
“FAULT”LED lights on,
UPS failure.
alarm beeps
Call fore service engineer.
“OVERLOAD” LED
lights on and buzzer
beeps continuously.
Overloaded.
Remove some uncritical
load.
UPS O.T.P. Warning
On-Line mode: Remove the
The components used inside utility.
the UPS overheat or wind
channel block.
Backup mode: Press the
OFF key to turn off the UPS.
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FAULT MESSAGE
Following information indicates various symptoms.
Use this information to determine what factors cause the problem.
1. Alarm will sound to alert user that the UPS requires attention.
2. One or more additional load/battery level LED indicators will
illuminate to provide a diagnostic aid to the operator, described
as below (Show as Figure. 6-1):
Output temperature protect
Fault LED light flash
Output over voltage protect
50% LED light on
Output under voltage protect
50% LED light flash
Bus over voltage protect
25% LED light on
Bus under voltage protect
25% LED light flash
OVERLOAD
OVERLOAD
100%
100%
FAULT
ON
TEST
75%
FAULT
50%
BYPASS
OFF
OFF
25 %
LINE
ONLINE
50 %
BYPASS
25%
ON
TEST
75 %
LINE
LOAD
UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLIES
BATT
.
ON BATT.
BATT. LOW
REPLACE
BATT.
ONLINE
LOAD
UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLIES
Figure 6-1 (Fault)
BATT
.
ON BATT.
BATT. LOW
REPLACE
BATT.
Figure 6-2 (Fault)
In case that failure is happened and utility is too low or too high, the
UPS output will disable and the bypass and line LED will flash.
Show as Figure. 6-2
If problem continues, contact your local dealer.
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TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Model
Capacity
INPUT
Output
Outlet
Battery
Interface
Environment
Safety
Approval
Others
Appearance
2KVA
3KVA
2KVA/1600W
3KVA/2100W
Rated Voltage
200V, 208V, 220V, 230V, 240V
Voltage Range
160V∼275V (Full Load);
130V~160V (70% to 100% Load Linearly De-rating)
Frequency
50Hz/60Hz (±5 Hz)
Power Factor
≥0.97
Voltage
200V, 208V, 220V, 230V (default), 240V
Frequency
50 (default)/60Hz
Voltage Regulation
+2%
Frequency Accuracy
+0.05 Hz
Wave Form
Pure Sine Wave
Transient Response
+10% (10%∼90% Linear Load)
THD
≤3%(Linear Load); ≤6%(Computer Load)
Overload Capacity
105%-125% for 3mins; 125%-150% for 30secs; >150% for 0.5sec
Crest Factor
3:1
Efficiency (AC-AC)
≥ 87%
Receptacle
IEC320 C13×3×2
IEC320 C13×3×2
+ IEC320 C19×1
IEC320 C13×3×2
+ IEC320 C19×1
Battery Voltage
24 V
48V
72V
Battery Type
(Lead acid)
12V/ 8.5Ah
Back-up Time (Typical)
3.5mins (800W)
4mins (1600W)
5mins (2100W)
Recharge Time
6 Hours After Complete Discharge to Recover 80%
Transfer Time Transfer Time
LED
1KVA
1KVA/800W
Zero
LED Status
On-line、Bypass、On-battery、Overload、Battery Low、Fault、Battery
Replace、Battery Level、Load Level
Alarm
Buzzer
DB9
RS232/Dry Contact
SNMP Slot
Internal
USB
USB Port
Noise (At 1 Meter)
45dBA
50dBA
60dBA
Operating Temperature 0~40℃
Humidity
5%~--95% (Non-Condensing)
Safety
CE
EMC
EN62040-2
FCC CLASS B
Lightning
IEEE 62.41 Category A
Battery Start
Yes
Extended Battery Bank
Yes (Optional with Long Time)
Long Time Model
Yes (Optional)
Dimension
(W×D×H)
440x335x89 /mm
17.3x13.2x3.5 / inch
440x432x89 /mm
17.3x17x3.5 /inch
440x610x89 /mm
17.3x24x3.5 /inch
Weight
13.0 kg / 28.7 lb
21.0 kg / 46.3 lb
31.0 kg / 68.3 lb
EN62040-2
FCC CLASS A
All specifications are subject to change without prior notice.
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