Craftsman 917.389220 Owner`s manual

Owner's Manual
£11AFTSMAN
+
4.5 HORSEPOWER
22" SIDE DISCHARGE
ROTARY LAWN MOWER
Model No.
917.389220
•
Safety
•
•
•
Assembly
Operation
Maintenance
•
•
EspaSol •
Repair Parts
CAUTION:
Read and follow all
Safety Rules and Instructions
before operating this equipment
Seam, Roebuck and Co., Hoffman Estates, IL 60179
Visit our Craftsman website: www.sears.com/craftsman
Warranty ...............................................
Safety Rules .........................................
Assembly ..............................................
Operation ..............................................
Maintenance Schedule ........................
Maintenance .........................................
2
2
4
5
9
9
Product Specifications .......................... 10
Service and Adjustments ...................... 13
Storage ................................................. 14
Troubleshooting ................................... 15
Repair Parts .......................................... 34
Parts Ordering ...................... Back Cover
LIMITED TWO YEAR WARRANTY ON CRAFTSMAN POWER MOWER
For two years from date of purchase, when this Craftsman Lawn Mower is maintained,
lubricated, and tuned up according to the operating and maintenance instructionsin
the owner's manual, Sears will repair free of charge any defect in material or workmanship.
If this Craftsman Lawn Mower is used for commercial or rental purposes, this warranty
applies for only 90 days from the date of pumhase.
This Warranty does not cover:
• Expendable items which become worn during normal use, such as rotary mower
blades, blade adapters, belts, air cleaners and spark plug.
• Repairs necessary because of operator abuse or negligence, including bent
crankshafts and the failure to maintain the equipment according to the instructions
contained in the owner's manual.
Warranty service is available by returning the Craftsman power mower to the nearest
Sears Service Center/Department in the United States. This warranty applies only
while this product is in use in the United States.
This Warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which
vary from state to state.
SEARS, ROEBUCKAND CO., D/817 WA, HOFFMAN ESTATES, ILLINOIS 60179
Safety standards require operator
presence controls to minimize the risk of
injury.Your unit is equipped with such
controls. Do not attempt to defeat the
function of the operator presence controls
under any cimumstances.
• Do not operate mower if it has been
dropped or damaged in any manner.
Always have damage repaired before
using your mower.
• Do not use accessory attachments that
are not recommended by the manufacturer. Use of such attachments may be
hazardous.
TRAINING:
• Read this operator's manual carefully.
Become familiar with the controls and
• The blade turns when the engine is
running.
know how to operate your mower
properly. Learn how to quickly stop
mower.
• Do not allow children to use your
mower. Never allow adults to use
mower without proper instructions.
• Keep the area of operation clear of all
persons, especially small children and
pets.
• Use mower only as the manufacturer
intended and as described in this
PREPARATION:
• Always thoroughly check the area to be
mowed and clear it of all stones, sticks,
wires, bones, and other foreign objects.
These objects will be thrown by the
blade and can cause severe injury.
• Always wear safety glasses or eye
shields when starting and while using
your mower.
manual.
2
• Dress property. Do not operate mower
when barefoot or weadng open
sandals. Wear only solid shoes with
good traction when mowing.
• Check fuel tank before starting engine.
Do not fill gas tank indoors, when the
engine is running or when the engine is
hot. Allow the engine to cool for several
minutes before filling the gas tank.
Clean off any spilled gasoline before
starting the engine.
• Always make wheel height adjustments
before starting your mower. Never
attempt to do this while the engine is
running.
• Mow only in daylight or good artificial
light.
OPERATION:
• Keep your eyes and mind on your
mower and the area being cut. Do not
let other interests distract you.
• Do not mow wet or slippery grass.
Never run while operating your mower.
Always be sure of your footing -- keep
a firm hold on the handles and walk,
• Do not put hands or feet near or under
rotating parts. Keep clear of the
discharge opening at all times.
• Always stop the engine whenever you
leave or are not using your mower, or
before crossing driveways, walks,
roads, and any gravel--covered
areas.
• Never direct discharge of material
toward bystanders nor allow anyone
near the mower while you are operating
it.
• Before cleaning, inspecting, or repairing your mower, stop the engine and
make absolutely sure the blade and all
moving parts have stopped. Then
disconnect the spark plug wire and
keep it away from the spark plug to
prevent accidental starting.
• Do not continue to run your mower if
you hit a foreign object. Follow the
procedure outlined above, then repair
any damage before restarting and
operating you mower.
• Do not change the governor settings or
overspeed the engine. Engine damage
or personal injury may result.
• Do not operate your mower if it vibrates
abnormally. Excessive vibration is an
indication of damage; stop the engine,
safely check for the cause of vibration
and repair as required.
• Do not run the engine indoors. Exhaus
fumes are dangerous.
• Never cut grass by pulling the mower
towards you. Mow across the face of
slopes, never up and down or you
might lose your footing. Do not mow
excessively steep slopes. Use caution
when operating the mower on uneven
terrain or when changing directions -maintain good footing.
• Never operate your mower without
proper guards, plates, grass catcher or
other safety devices in place.
MAINTENANCE AND STORAGE:
* Check the blade and the engine
mounting bolts often to be sure they
are tightened propedy.
* Check all bolts, nuts and screws at
frequent intervals for proper tightness
to be sure mower is in safe working
condition.
• Keep all safety devices in place and
working.
• To reduce fire hazard, keep the engine
free of grass, leaves or excessive
grease and oil.
• Check grass catcher often for deterioration and wear and replace worn
bags. Use only replacement bags that
are recommended by and comply with
specifications of the manufacturer of
your mower.
• Always keep a sharp blade on your
mower.
• Allow engine to cool before stodng in
any enclosure.
• Never store mower with fuel in the tank
inside a building where fumes may
reach an open flame or an ignition
source such as a hot water heater,
space heater, clothes dryer, etc.
ALook for this symbol to point out
important safety precautions. It means
CAUTIONH! BECOMEALERT!!!
YOUR
SAFE'P( IS INVOLVED.
_CAUTION:
Always disconnect spark
plug wire and place wire where it cannot
contact spark plug in order to prevent
accidental starting when setting up,
transporting, adjusting or making repairs.
A, WARNING
The engine exhaust from this product
contains chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, birth defects,
or other reproductive harm.
3
These accessories were available when this lawn mower was produced. They are not
shipped with your mower. They are also available at most Sears retail outlets end service
centers. Most Sears stores can also order repair parts for you, when you provide the model
number of your lawn mower. Some of these accessories may not apply to your lawn mower.
LAWN
MOWER
PERFORMANCE
CLIPPING DEFLECTOR
FOR REAR DISCHARGE
LAWN MOWERS
MULCHER
GRASS CATCHERS
FOR
REAR DISCHARGE
LAWN MOWERS
!
KITS
STABILIZER
GRASS CATCHERS
FOR
LAWN MOWERS
SIDE DISCHARGE
GAS CANS
LAWN
MOWER
MAINTENANCE
MUFFLERS
BELTS
AIR FIL'RERS
BLADES
BLADE ADAPTERS
SPARK PLUGS
WHEELS
ENGINE OIL
• Cut down two end comers of carton
and lay end panel down flat.
• Remove all packing materials except
padding between upper and lower
handle and padding holding operator
presence control bar to upper handle.
• Roll lawn mower out of carton and
check carton thoroughly for additional
loose parts.
Read these instructionsand this manual in
its entirety before you attempt to assemble
or operate your new lawn mower.
IMPORTANT: This lawn mower is shipped
WITHOUT OIL OR GASOLINE in the
engine.
Your new lawn mower has been assemblad at the factory with the exception of
those parts left unassembled for shipping
purposes. To ensure safe and proper
operation of your lawn mower, all parts and
hardware you assemble must be tightened
securely. Use the correct tools as necessary to ensure proper tightness. All pads
such as nuts, washers, bolts, etc., necessary to complete the assembly have been
placed in the parts bag.
TO REMOVE LAWN MOWER FROM
CARTON
• Remove loose parts included with
mower.
HOW TO SET UP YOUR LAWN
MOWER
TO UNFOLD
HANDLE
IMPORTANT:
Unfold handle carefully so
as not to pinch or damage control cables.
• Raise handles until lower handle
section locks into place in mowing
position.
• Remove protective padding, raise
upper handle section into place on
lower handle and tighten both handle
knobs.
4
• Remove handle padding holding
operator presence control bar to upper
handle.
• Your lawn mower handle can be
adjusted for your mowing comfort.
Refer to "Adjust Handle" in the Service
and Adjustment section of this manual.
Operator presence control
bar
Upper handle _U_/
Lift up _Mowing
position
_
KNOWYOUR
LAWN MOWER
READ THIS OWNER'S MANUALAND
MOWER.
LOnWdr
e
SAFETY RULES BEFORE OPERATING YOUR LAWN
Compare the illustrations with your lawn mower to familiarize yourself with the
location of various controls and adjustments. Save this manual for future reference.
These symbols may appear on your lawn mower or in literature supplied with the
product. Learn and understand their meaning.
CAUTION
OR WARNING
ENGINE
ON
ENGINE
OFF
FAST
SL(_V
CHOKE
FUEL
OIL
DANGER, KEEP HANDS
AND FEET AWAY
control bar
Engine zone
Starter handle
Handle knob
Gasoline filler cap
Eng!ne oil cap with dipstick
primer
Housing
IMPORTANT: This lawn mower is
shipped WITHOUT OIL OR GASOLINE
in the engine.
(on each wheel)
MEETS CPSC SAFETY REQUIREMENTS
Sears rotary walk-behind power lawn mowers conform to the safety standards of the
American National Standards Institute and the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission. The blade tums when the engine is running.
Operator presence control bar- must be
Primer - pumps additional fuel from the
cad:)uretor to the cylinder for use when
starting a cold engine.
Starter handle - used for starting the engine.
held down to the handle to start the engine,
Release to stop the engine,
5
can result in foreignobjectsthrown
The operation of any lawn mower
intothe eyes,whichcanresultin
severe eye damage. Always wear safety
glasse6 or eye shields while operating your
lawn mower or performing any adjustments
or repairs. We recommend a wide vision
safety mask over spectacles or standard
safety
gbsses.
HOWTO USEYOUR LAWN MOWER
ENGINE SPEED CONTROL
The engine speed was set at the factory
for optimum performance. Speed is not
adjustable.
ENGINE ZONE CONTROL
_,CAUTION:
Federal regulations require
an engine control to be installed on this
lawn mower in order to minimize the risk
of blade contact injury. Do not under any
circumstances attempt to defeat the
function of the operator control. The blade
turns when the engine is running.
• Your lawn mower is equipped with an
operator presence controlbar which
mcluiresthe operatorto be positioned
behind the lawn mower handle to start and
operatethe lawn mower.
TO ADJUST CUTTING HEIGHT
• Raise wheels for low cut and lower wheels
forhighcut.
• Adjustcuttingheightto suit your requiremerits. Medium pos_ionis best for most
lawns.
• To change cuttingheight,squeeze adjuster
lever toward wheel. Move wheel up or
down to suityour requirements. Be sure all
wheels are in the same setting.
NOTE: Adjuster is propedy positioned
when plate tab inserts into hole in lever.
Also, 9-position adjusters (if so equipped)
allow lever to be positioned between the
TO CONVERT TO DISCHARGING
MOWER
Your mower is shipped ready to be used
as a mulcher. To convert to bagging or
discharging:
• Lift discharge guard and remove
mulcher plate.
• Mower can now be used for side
discharge or optional grass catcher can
be attached.
• To return to mulching operation, simply
reinstall mulcher plate as shown.
ACAUTION:
Do not run your lawn
mower without discharge guard,
approved grass catcher or mulcher plate
in place.
,-Hooks
Housin
opening
Mulch
Hinge
rod
BEFORE STARTING
OIL
Your lawn mower is shipped without oil in the
engine.
• Be sure mower is level and area around oil
fin is dean.
• Remove engine oil cap and fillto the full
line on the dipstick.
NOTE: Allow oil to settle down into
plate tabs.
Lower wheels for
ENGINE
Plate tab
engine for accurate
high cut
dipstick reading.
• Engine holds 20ozs. of oil. For type and
grade of oil to use, see fl_NGIN_' in
Maintenance section of this manual.
• Pour oil slowly. Do not over fiB.
• Check oil level before each use. Add oil if
Raise wheels for low
cut
NOTE: Your lawn mower has been
needed. Fill to full line on dipstick.
• To read proper level, tighten engine oil cap
each time.
shipped ready for mulching operation. To
convert to discharging operation, you
must install the discharge deflector
attachment included with your mower.
• Reinstall engine oil cap and tighten.
• Change the oil after every 25 hours of
operation or each season. You may need
to change the oil more often under dusty,
6
dirtycondtions.
ADD GASOUNE
• Fill fuel tank. Use fresh, clean, regular
unleaded gasoline with a minimum of
87 octane. Do not mix oil with gasoline.
Purchase fuel in quantities that can be
used within 30 days to assure fuel
freshness.
AWARNING:
Experience indicates that
alcohol blended fuels (called gasohol or
using ethanol or methanol) can attract
moisture which leads to separation and
formation of acids during storage. Acidic
gas can damage the fuel system of an
engine while in storage. To avoid engine
problems, the fuel system should be
emptied before storage of 30 days or
longer. Drain the fuel tank, start the
engine and let it run until fuel lines and
carburetor are empty. Use fresh fuel next
season. See Storage Instructions for
additional information. Never use engine
or carburetor cleaner products in fuel tank
or permanent damage may occur.
A, CAUTION: Fill to bottom of gas tank
filler neck. Do not overfill. Wipe off any
spilled oil or fuel. Do not store, spill or use
gasoline near an open flame.
TO START
MOWING
• Under certain conditions, such as very
tall grass, it may be necessary to raise
the height of cut to reduce pushing
effort and to keep from overloading the
• engine and leaving clumps of grass
clippings. It may also be necessary to
reduce ground speed and/or run the
lawn mower over the area a second
time.
• For extremely heavy cutting, reduce the
width of cut by overlapping previously
cut path and mow slowly.
• For better grass bagging and most
cutting conditions, the engine speed
should be set in the fast position.
• For side discharge lawn mowers,
cutting in a counter-clockwise direction,
starting at the outside of the area to be
cut, spreads grass clippings more
evenly and puts less load on the
engine. To keep clippings off of
walkways, flower beds, etc., make the
first cuts in a clockwise direction.
• Pores in cloth grass catchers can
become filled with dirt and dust with
use and catchers will collect less grass.
To prevent this, regularly hose catcher
off with water and let dry before using.
• Keep top of engine around starter clear
and clean of grass clippings and chaff.
This will help engine air flow and
extend engine life.
ENGINE
• To start a cold engine, push primer five
(5) times before trying to start. Use a
firm push. This step is not usually
necessary when starting an engine
which has already run for a few
minutes.
* Hold operator presence control bar
down to the handle and pull starter
handle quickly. Do not allow starter
rope to snap back.
• To stop engine, release operator
presence control bar.
NOTE: In cooler weather it may be
necessary to repeat priming steps. In
warmer weather over priming may cause
flooding and engine will not start. If you
do flood engine, wait a few minutes
before attempting to start and do not
repeat priming steps.
Engine oil cap
TIPS
Gasoline filler
cap
7
MULCHING MOWING TIPS
IMPORTANT: Forbest performance,keep
mower housingfree of built-upgrass and
trash.See "Cleaning" in MAINTENANCE
sectk_ of thla manual.
• The special mulchingblade will recurthe
grass clippingsmany times and reduce
them in size so that as they fall ontothe
lawnthey willdisperseintothe grass and
notbe noticed. Also,the mulchedgrass
will biodegrade quicklyto provide nutrients
for the lawn. Always mulchwith your
highestengine (blade) speed as this will
providethe best recuttingactionof the
blades.
• Avoidcuttingyour lawnwhen itis wat. Wet
grasstends to form dumps and interferes
withthe mulchingaction. The best time to
mow your lawn is the early afternoon. At
this time the grass has dried and the newiy
cutarea will not be exposedto the direct
sun.
• For best reeults,aa_ustthe lawn mower
cuttingheightso thatthe lawn mowercuts
off onlythe top one-thirdof the grass
blades. If thelawn is overgrownitwilibe
necessaryto raleethe beight of cutto
reduce pushingeffortand to keep from
overloadingthe engine and leaving
dumps of mulchedgrass. For extremely
heavy mulching,reduce yourwidthof cut
by overlappingpreviouslycutpath and
mowslowly.
• Certain typesof grass and grass conditions may requirethat an area be mulched
a secondtime to completelyhidethe
clippings. When doinga secondcut, mow
acrossor peq:x.=r_licular
to the firstcutpath.
• Change your cuttingpatternfromweek to
week. Mow northto southone week then
changeto eastto west the nextweek. This
will help preventmattingand grainingof
the lawn.
8
As_ouCOMP,_E
/_-t_"
REGULAR SERVICE
/__R,_,/_,_"
Check for Loose Fsstenem
! I_'
O_;,_=.,,,_.=r,
SERVICE
DATES
Clean/InspectGrassCatcher
(if Equipped)
11#'
_
MO Clean
Clean UnderDrive
LawnMowerCover
WE IPower-Propelled
Check ddve belt/pulleys
Mowers)
(Power-propeUed Mowers)
Ii/
R
!/S' 3
E
Check/Sharpen/Replace
Blade
Lubdcation Chart
Clean Battery/Rechar_le
_
l_f
IEl_.c StertMow_ I
V'
V'4
ChedK
ChangeEngine
EngineOilOilLevel
11/1.2
Inspect Muffler
IG Clean Air Filter
N
_
Clean or Replace Spark Plug
Replace Air Filter Paper Cartddge
2
ql_=
1 - change more oftenwhen operating under & heavy Ioed or in high ambient temperatures.
2 oService more often whe_ operating in diny or duStycondit_nl,
3 - RepLaceblades more open whG,_mowingin sandy soil,
4. Charge 48 hoursat end of =*eason,
LUBRICATION
GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS
The warranty on this lawn mower does not
cover items that have been subjected to
operator abuse or negligence. To receive full
value from the warranty, operator must
maintain mower as instructed in this manual.
CHART
(_)Wheel adjuster
Some adjustments will need to be made
pedo_
to properly maintain your unit.
All adjustments in the Service and Adjustmerits eec_on of this manual SfKX_ be
_
at least once each season.
(_)Mulcher door
on
3rake
spdng
bracket
, Oncea year,replacothe sparkplug,clean
or replace air filter alement and check
blade for wear. A newsparkplugand
clean/new air filter element assures proper
(_)Handle bracket
mounting pin
air-fueln'dx_reand helpsyourer_ne nJn
• betterancllastlonger,
)Spray
• Follow the maintenance sdledule in th'B
manual.
BEFORE EACH USE
®Refer to MAINTINANCE
SECTION.
"ENGINE"
IMPORTANT: Do not oil or grease plastic
wheel bearings.V_cous lubdcardswillattract
dustand dirtthat willshortenthelife of the
self lubricating bearings.If you feel they mist
be lubricated,use only a dry,powdered
graphitetype lubricantsparingly.
• Check engine oillevel.
• Check forloosefasteners,
LUBRICATION
Keep unitwell lublicated (See "LUBRICATION
CHART").
9
PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS
MODEL
NUMBER
SERIAL
NUMBER
917.389220
DATE OF PURCHASE
GASOLINE
OILTYPE
CAPACITY/TYPE:
1.5 QUARTS
UNLEADED
(API-SF/SG/SH):
SAE 30 (ABOVE 32°F)
SAE 5W-30 (BELOW 32°F)
OIL CAPACITY:
SPARK PLUG(GAP:
REGULAR
20 OZS.
.030")
CHAMPION
RJ19LM
OR J19LM
VALVECLEARANCE:
INTAKE:
EXHAUST:
SOLID STATE IGNITION
AIR GAP:
.0125 IN.
BLADE BOLT TORQUE:
35-40 FT. LBS.
The model and serial numbers will be found
lawn mower housing.Record
provided above.
.004 ° .008
.004 - .008
on a decal attached to the rear of the
both sedal number and date of purchase in space
LAWN MOWER
Always observe safety rules when performing
any maintenance.
TIRES
• Keep tiresfree of gasoline,oil, or insect
controlchemicalswhich can harm rubber.
• Avo'_ stumps,stones,deep ruts,sharp
objectsand other hazards that may cause
tire damage.
BLADIE CAFIE
For best results, mower blade must be
kept sharp. Replace bent or damaged
blades.
TO REMOVE BLADE
• Disconnect spark plug wire from spark
plug and place wire where it cannot
come in contact with spark plug.
• Turn lawn mower on its side. Make
sure air filter and carburetor are up.
• Use a wood block between blade and
mower housing to prevent blade from
turning when removing blade bolt.
• Protect your hands with gloves and/or
wrap blade with heavy cloth.
• Remove blade bolt by turning counter°
clockwise.
• Remove blade and attaching hardware
(bolt, lock washer and hardened
washer).
NOTE: Remove the blade adapter and
check the key inside hub of blade
adapter. The key must be in good
condition to work properly. Replace
adapter if damaged.
TO REPLACE
BLADE
• Position the blade adapter on the
engine crankshaft. Be sure key in
adapter and crankshaft keyway are
aligned.
• Position blade on the blade adapter
aligning the two (2) holes in the blade
w_th the raised lugs on the adapter.
• Be sure the trailing edge of blade
(opposite sharp edge) is up toward the
engine.
• Install the blade bolt with the lock
washer and hardened washer into
blade adapter and crankshaft.
• Use block of wood between blade and
lawn mower housing and tighten the
blade bolt, turning clockwise.
• The recommended
tightening torque is
35-40 ft. Ibs.
IMPORTANT:
Blade bolt is grade 8 heat
treated.
10
TO SHARPEN BLADE
NOTE: We do not recommend
sharpening blade - but if you do, be sure
the blade is balanced.
Care should be taken to keep the blade
balanced. An unbalanced blade will
cause eventual damage to lawn mower or
engine.
• The blade can be sharpened with a file
or on a grinding wheel. Do not attempt
to sharpen while on the mower.
• To check blade balance, drive a nail
into a beam or wall. Leave about one
inch of the straight nail exposed. Place
center hole of blade over the head of
the nail. If blade is balanced, it should
remain in a horizontal position. If either
end of the blade moves downward,
sharpen the heavy end until the blade
is balanced.
Blade
Crankshaft
keyway
Key
Lockwasher
Crank
Blade
bolt
Hardened
washer
GRASS
Blade adapter
edge
CATCHER
(If purchased as an accessory)
• The grass catcher may be hosed with
water, but must be dry when used.
• Check your grass catcher often for
damage or deterioration. Through
normal use it will wear. If catcher
needs replacing, replace only with a
manufacturer approved replacement
catcher. Give the lawn mower model
number when ordering.
ENGINE
LUBRICATION
Use only high quality detergent oil rated with
API service classification SF, SG or SH. Select
the oil's SAE viscosity grade according to your
expectedoperatingtemperature.
SN_ VlSCOSrl'YQRAOE$
NOTE: Although multi-viscosity oils
(5W30, 10W30 etc.) improve starting in
cold weather, these multi-viscosity oils
will result in increased oil consumption
when used above 32°F. Check your
engine oil level more frequently to avoiq
possible engine damage from running
low on oil.
Change the oil after every 25 hours of
operation oret least once a year if the lawn
mower is not used for 25 hours in one year.
Check the crankcase oil levelbefore startin,
the engineand after each five(5) hoursof
continuoususe. "lightenoil plug securely
each time you check the oil level.
TO CHANGE
ENGINE
OIL
NOTE: Before tipping lawn mower to
drain oil, drain fuel tank by running
engine until fuel tank is empty.
• Disconnect spark plug wire from spar
plug and place wire where it cannot
come in contact with spark plug.
• Remove engine oil cap; lay aside on
clean surface.
• Tip lawn mower on its side as shown
and drain oil into a suitable container.
Rock lawn mower back and forth to
remove any oil trapped inside of
engine.
• Wipe off any spilled oil on lawn mowe
and on side of engine.
• Fill engine with oil. Fill only to the
"FULL" line on the dipstick, DO NOT
OVER FILL.
• Replace engine oil cap.
• Reconnect spark plug wire to spark
plug.
Container
AIR FILTER
MUFFLER
Your engine will not run properly and may
be damaged by using a dirty air filter.
Replace the air filter every year, more
often if you mow in very dusty, dirty
conditions. Do not wash air filter.
Inspect and replace corroded muffler as it
could create a fire hazard and/or damage.
SPARK PLUG
TO CHANGE
AIR FILTER
• Remove the air filter by turning counterclockwise to the stop and pull away
from collar.
• Remove filter from inside of cover.
• Clean the inside of the cover and the
collar to remove any dirt accumulation.
• Insert new filter into cover.
• Put air filter cover and filter into collar
aligning the tab with the slot.
• Push in on cover and turn clockwise to
tighten.
Turn
counterclockwise
to
remove
Stot
Tum
Air fitter
Tab
Air filter cover
clOckwise
to tighten
Change your spark plug each year to make
your engine start easier and run better. Set
spark plug gap at .030 inch.
CLEANING
IMPORTANT: For beet performance, Idip
mower housing free of built-grass and trash.
Clean the underside of your mower after
each use.
_,CAUTION:
Disconnect spark plug wire
from spark plug and place wire where it
cannot come in contact with the spark
plug.
• Clean the underside of your lawn mower
by scraping to remove build-up of grass
and trash.
• Clean engine often to keep trash from
accumulating. A clogged engine runs
hotter and shortens engine life.
• Keep finished surfaces and wheels free of
all gasoline, oil,etc.
• We do not recommend using a garden
hose to dean lawn mower unless the
electrical system, mufflar, air fleer and
carburetor are covered to keep water out.
Water in engine can result in shortened
engine_e,
12
CAUTION:
Before performing any
service and adjustments:
• Release control bar and stop engine.
• Make sure the blade and all moving
parts have completely stopped.
• Disconnect spark plug wire from spark
plug and place where it cannot come in
contact with plug.
LAWN MOWER
TO ADJUST CUTTING HEIGHT
See "TO ADJUST CUTTING HEIGHT"
the Operation section of this manual.
DISCHARGE
GUARD
Lower
Rotate
in
The discharge guard, attached to the
discharge opening of your lawn mower, is
provided to prevent the possibility of
injury resulting from objects being thrown
out of the discharge opening into the
operator mowing position. If the discharge
guard becomes damaged, it should be
replaced.
REAR DEFLECTOR
The rear deflector, attached between the
rear wheels of your mower, is provided to
minimize the possibility that objects will
be thrown out of the rear of the mower
into the operator mowing position. If the
deflector becomes damaged, it should be
replaced.
TO ADJUST
HANDLE
The handle can be mounted in a high or
low position. The mounting holes in the
bottom of lower handle are off center for
raising or lowering the handle.
• Remove upper handle and all parts
attached to lower handle.
• Remove hairpin cotters from lower
handle bracket mounting pin.
• Squeeze lower handle in to remove it
from mounting pins.
• Turn lower handle over to raise or
lower handle.
ENGINE
ENGINE
SPEED
Your engine speed has been factory set.
Do not attempt to increase engine speed
or it may result in personal injury. If you
believe that engine is running too fast or
too slow, take your mower to an authorized service center for repair and
adjustment.
CARBURETOR
Your carburetor has a non-adjustable
fixed main jet for mixture control. If your
engine does not operate pmpedy due to
suspected carburetor problems, take your
lawn mower to an authorized service
center for repair and/or adjustment.
IMPORTANT:
Never tamper with the
engine governor, which is factory set for
the proper engine speed. Overspeeding
the engine above the factory high speed
scan be dangerous. If you think the
engine-governed
high speed needs
adjusting, contact your nearest authorized
service center, which has proper equip
ment and experience to make any
necessary adjustments.
• Squeeze lower handle in and position
holes onto mounting pins on handle
bracket.
• Reassemble upper handle and all
parts removed from lower handle.
13
Immediatelyprepare your lawn mower for
storageat the end ofthe season or ifthe unit
willnotbe used for 30 days or more.
LAWNMOWER
When lawn mower is to be stored for a period
of time, dean it thoroughly, remove all dirt,
grease, loaves, etc. Store in a clean, dry
area.
• Clean enlire lawn mower (See "CLEANING" in the Malntenence section of this
manual).
• Lubricate as shown in the Maintenance
section of this manual.
• Be sure that all nuts, bolts, screws, and
pins are securely fastened. Inspect
moving parts for damage, breakage and
wear. Replace if necessary.
• Touch up all rusted or chipped paint
surfaces; sand lightly before p_nting.
I-IAh_LE
You can foldyour lawn mower handlefor
storage.
• Squeeze the bottom ands of the lower
handletoward each other untilthe lower
handle dears the handle bracket,then
move handle forward.
• Loosen upper handle mounting bolts
enoughto allow upper handle to be folded
back.
IMPORTANT: When foldingthe handlefor
storageortranspodation,be sureto foldthe
handle as shown or you may damage the
controlcablas.
• Whan se_ng up your handlefromthe
storage position,the lower handle will
automaticallylock intothe mowing
position.
Lower handle
fold
pin
Hairpin
cotter
Operator presence control bar
Upper handle
Fold forward for
storage
Fold
backward
Mowing
position
Lowel Ihandle
ENGINE
FUELSYSTEM
IMPORTANT: It is important to prevent gum
depositsfrom formingin essential fuel system
parts such as carburetor, fuel fiRer,fuel hose,
or tank during storage. Also, ex_perience
indicates that alcohol blended fuels (called
gasohol or using ethanol or methanol)can
attract moisture which leads to separation
and formation of acids during storage. Acidic
gas can damage the fuel system of an
engine while in storage.
• Drain the fuel tank.
• Start the engine and let it run until the fuel
lines and carburetor are empty,
• Never use engine or carburetor cleaner
products in the fuel tank or permanent
damage may occur.
• Use fresh fuelnext season.
NOTE: Fuel stab_er is an acceptable
altemative in minimizing the formation of fuel
gum deposits during storage. Add stabilizer
to gasoline in fuel tank or storage container.
Always follow the mix ratio found on stabilizer
container. Run engine at least 10 minutes
after adding stabilizer to allow the stabilizer to
reach the carburetor. Do not drain the gas
tank and carburetor if using fuel stabilizer.
ENGINEOIL
Drain oil (with engine warm) and replace with
clean engine oil. (See "ENGINE _ in the
Maintenance sec_ert of this manual).
CYUNDER
• Remove spark plug.
• Pour one ounce (29 ml) of oil through
spark plug hole into cylinder.
• Pull starter handle slowly a few times to
distrib_e oil.
• Replace with new spark plug.
14
IMPORTANT:
• Do not store gasoline from one season to
another.
• Replace your gasoline can if your can
starts to lust. Rust and/or dirt in your
gasoline will cause problems.
• If possible, store your unit indoors and
cover if to give protection from dust and dirt.
• Cover your unit with a suitable protective
cover that does not retain moisture. Do not
engine
Never cover mower whik
and exhaust areas are still wan
ACAUTION:
Never store the lawn
mower with gasoline in the tank inside
building where fumes may reach an op
flame or spark. Allow the engine to coo
before storing in any enclosure.
use plastic. Plastic cannot breathe which
allows condensation to form and will cause
your unit to rusL
TROUBLESHOOTING
PROBLEM
Does not start
CHART
CAUSE
1.
2.
3.
Dirty air filter.
Out of fuel.
Stale fuel.
1.
2.
Clean/replace
Fill fuel tank.
3.
4.
Water in fueL
4.
Drain tank and refill with
fresh clean fuel.
Drain fuel tank and
carburetor and refill tank
5.
Spark plug wire is
disconnected.
5.
6.
Bad spa,,k plug.
6.
7.
Loose blade or broken blade 7.
adapter.
Control bar in released
8.
position.
Controlbar defective.
9.
8.
9.
Loss of power
CORRECTION
air filter.
with fresh gasoline.
Connect wire to plug.
Replace spark plug.
Tighten blade bolt or
replace blade adapter.
Depress control bar to
handle.
Replace control bar.
1.
Rear of lawn mower housing 1. Set to "Higher Cut"
or cuttingblade dragging
position.
in heavy grass.
2. Cuttingtoo much grass.
2. Set to "Higher Cut"
position.
3. Dirty air filter.
3. Clean/replace air filter.
4. Buildup of grass, leaves,
€. Clean undem'_leof mower
and trash under mower.
housing.
5.
Check
oil level.
Too much oil in engine.
6. Walking speed too fast.
8. Cut at slower walking
speed.
,
Poor cut- uneven
1.
Wom, bent or loose blade.
1.
2.
Wheel heights uneven.
2.
Replace blade. "l-_jhten
blade bell
Set all wheels at same
3.
Buildup of grass, leaves
and trash under mower.
3.
height
Clean underside of
15
mower housing.
TROUBLESHOOTING
PROBLEM
Excessive
vibration
Starter rope hard
to pull
CHART
CAUSE
CORRECTION
1. Wom, bent or loose blade.
1.
2.
Bent engine crankshaft.
2.
1.
Engine flywheel brake is on 1.
when control bar is released.
Depress control bar to
upper handle before
2.
Bent engine crankshaft.
2.
pulling starter rope.
Contact an authorized
Replace blade, "Nghten
blade bolt.
Contact an authorized
service center.
service center.
3.
Blade adapter broken.
4.
Blade dragging in grass.
3.
4.
Replace blade adapter.
Move lawn mower to cut
grass or to hard surface
Gross catcher
not fflllng ('dso
I.
2.
Cutting height too low.
Lift on blade worn off.
I.
2.
Raise cutting height.
Replace blade.
equipped)
3.
Catcher not venting air.
3.
Clean grass catcher.
Hard to push
1.
1.
Raise cutting height.
2.
Grass is too high or wheel
height is too low.
Rear of lawn mower
2:
3.
housing or blade dragging
in grass.
Grass catcher too full
Raise rear of lawn mower
housingone (1) setting
higher.
Emptygrasscatcher.
Adjusthandle heightto
suit.
4. Hencne
beightpoaition
not
rightforyou.
16
3.
4.
SERVICE NOTES
33
ROTARY LAWN MOWER - MODEL NO. 917.389220
45
4O
5O
4O
77
45
46
\
51
43
44
44
45
46
78
44
ROTARY
KEY
NO.
PART
NO
1
2
3
4
5
7
11
12
13
16
19
21
22
23
27
3O
33
34
35
36
39
4O
43
44
45
46
63601
LAWN MOWER
DES_
Locknut1/4-20
ControlBar
1320O1
RopeP_._de
169709X479 Upp_Hardo
169708X479 LowerHandle
HandteBolt5/16-18
131_59
168552
EngineZoneControlCabla
750O97
HexThread RollingScrew ff10-24xl/2
850733X004
Up-StopBracket
136376
HandeKnob
5179_
HairpinCotter
165858
RearDeflaetor
66426
WireTla
16(_31
DischargeGuard
160832
Torsion
Spdng
16(_33
NngeRod
751153
NutHexFlangeLock5/16-18
168164X479 Wheel BracketSupport(Left)
168165X479 whee_
Bracket
Suppo_
(P,_t)
160835)d_07 . Wheel BracketAdjuster
168360X004 Selector
Spnng
87877
SetectorKnob
19112222
Waster
160828
ShoeldorBolt
146248
WheelAsseml_y
83923
Locknut1/16-18
- MODEL NO. 917.389220
KEY
NO.
PART
NO
50
51
52
55
5_
61
62
63
64
65
67
77400
17600406
150406
85463
161345
851514
141114
851074
850263
851084
......
72
73
76
77
78
80
---
167132X004
167133X004
161622
750097
87584X004
166830
172537
161058
DESCRIPTION
Hubcap
ScrewHex serrated1/4 x 20 tt
Hex Head ThreadRollingScrew3/8-16 x 1
DangerDecal
LawnMowerHousing( Incl.Key No. 55)
BladeAclapter
22"Blade
HardenedWasher
Helical
Lockw
r3/8
Hex Head Screw 3/8-24 x 1/4 Grd. 8
Engine- ( See Breakdown)Craftsman
ModelNo.143.994508
AxleArmAsm.(RPJLF)
AxleArmAsm(RF/LR)
Clip.Ctoseout
Screw
HingeBracket
MulcherPlate
Ownefs Manual(EngJist,,/Spanlsh)
WarningDecal(NotShown)
Availableaccessoriesnotincludedwithlawn mower.
71 33623
71 33500
71 33000
Gas Can (2.5 gal.)
FuelStabilizer
SAE 30W Oil (20 oz.)
CRAFTSMAN 4-CYCLE ENGINE
MODEL NUMBER 143.994508
_--
370K
,300
9OO
4GO
135
126
7
101
120
11g
125
182
19
46
185
178
36
CRAFTSMAN
4-CYCLE
ENGINE
MODEL NUMBER 143.994508
I
KEY
NO.
PART
NO.
1
2
6
7
12
12A
37280
26727
33734
36557
36775
36558
12B
14
15
16
17
16
36694
28277
30589
34639A
31335
651018
19
20
30
40
36281
32600
36776
35544A
35545A
35546
41
35541
35542
35543
42
43
45
35547A
35548A
35549
20381
36777
46
48
50
52
69
70
32610A
27241
37032
29914
35261
34311E
72
75
80
81
82
83
86
89
90
92
93
100
101
103
36083
27897
30574A
30590A
30591
30588A
650488
611004
611112
650815
650816
34443B
610118
651007
110
119
120
125
37047
37028
36825
37288
126 37289
130 6021A
135 35395
150 31672
151 31673
151A40017
i
DESCRIPTION
Cylinder (Incl. 2,20 & 150)
Dowel Pin
Breather Element
Breather Ass'y. (Incl. 6 & 12A)
Breather Tube
Breather Cover & Tube
(Incl. 12B)
Breather Tube Elbow
Washer
Govemor Rod (Incl, 14)
Govemor Lever
Governor Lever Clamp
Screw, Torx T-15, 8-32 x 19/
64"
Extension Spring
Oil Seal
Crankshaft
Piston, Pin & Ring Set (Std.)
Piston, Pin & Ring Set (.010"
OS)
Piston, Pin & Ring Set (.020"
OS)
Piston & Pin Ass'y, (Std.) (Incl.
43)
Piston & Pin Ass'y. (.010" OS)
(Incl. 43)
,
Piston & Pin Ass y. (.020" OS)
(Incl. 43)
Ring Set (Std.!,
Ring Set (.010 OS)
Ring Set (.020 OS)
Piston Pin Retaining Ring
Conne_ing Rod Ass'y.
(Incl. 46)
Connecting ROd Bolt
Valve Lifter
Camshaft (NCR)
Oil PumpAss'y,
Mounting Flange Gasket
Mounting Flange (IncL 72 thna
83,306)
Oil Drain Plug
Oil Seal
Governor Shaft
Washer
Governor Gear Ass'y. (Incl. 81)
Governor Spool
Screw, 1/4-20 x 1-1/4"
Flywheel Key
Flywheel
Belleville Washer
Flywheel Nut
Solid State Ignition
Spark Plug Cover
Screw, Torx T-15, 10-24 x 15/
16"
Ground Wire
Cylinder Head Gasket
Cylinder Head
Exhaust Valve (Std.)
Ilncl. 151)
ntake Valve (Std.) (Incl. 151)
Screw, 5/16-t8 x 1-1/2"
Resistor Spark Plug (RJ19LM)
Valve Spring
Valve Spdng Cap
Intake Valve Seal
KEY
NO.
PART
NO.
169
172
174
178
182
184
36783
36784
30200
29752
6201
26756
185
186
189
191
195
207
216
223
224
238
36785
32653
650839
36559A
610973
34336
33086
650451
36786
650932
239
241
34338
35797
245
260
260
261
262
275
277
285
35066
35065
36980
30200
650831
36790A
650988
35000A
287
290
292
298
300
301
305
306
307
309
310
650926
29774
26460
28763
36916
36246
35647
36996
35499
650562
35648
313 34080
325
37152
370A36261
370C 37199
370K 36695
360 640174
390 590737
400
37029A
416
36086
417
900
650821
---
900
---
DESCRIPTION
Valve Cover Gasket
Valve Cover
Screw, 10-24 x 9/16"
Nut & Lock Washer, 1/4-28
Screw, 1/4-28 x 7/8"
CarburetorTo Intake Pipe
Gasket
Intake Pipe
Governor Link
Screw, 114-20x 3/8"
S.E. Brake Bracket (Incl. 195)
Terminal
Throttle Link
R.P.M. AdjustingLever
Screw, 1/4-20 x 1"
Intake Pipe Gasket
Screw, 10-32 x 49164"
Air Cleaner Gasket
Air Cleaner Collar
Air Cleaner Filter
Air Cleaner Cover
Blower Housing
Screw, 10-24 x 9/16"
Screw, 1/4-20 x 1/2"
Muffler
Screw, 1/4-20 x 2-5/16"
Starter Cup
Screw, 8-32 x 21164"
Fuel Line
Fuel Line Clamp
Screw, 10-32 x 35/64"
Fuel Tank (Incl, 292 & 301)
Fuel Cap
Oil Fill Tube
"O"-Ring
=O"-Ring
Screw, 10-32 x 1/2"
Dipstick
Spacer
Spring Clip
Lubdcation Decal
Pdmer Decal
Starter Decal
Carburetor (Ind. 184)
Rewind Starter
Gasket Set
_nd. Items Marked *)
park Arrestor Kit
(Incl. 417)(Optional)
Screw, 10-32 x 1/2" (Optional)
Replacement Engine 750830,
order from 71-999
7R_)_6camentShort Block
B, order from 71-999
RPM High 2900 to 3200
NOTE: This engine could have been built
with 590694 starter).
NOTE:
All component dimensions given
in U.S. inches 1 inch = 25.4 mm
37
CRAFTSMAN
4-CYCLE ENGINE
MODEL NUMBER 143.994508
I
KEY
NO.
PART
NO.
--q
640174
1
2
4
5
6
7
16
17
631615
631767
631164
631183
640070
650506
631807
651025
18
20
20A
25
27
26
29
30
630766
640018
640053
631867
631024
632019
631028
631021
31
35
36
36A
37
40
44
47
46
48A
60
631022
36045A
640080
632766
632547
640175
27110A
630748
631027
631027
632760
DESCRIPTION
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Carburetor
(Incl. 184 of Engine Parts List)
Throttle Shaft & Lever Assembly
Throttle Retum Spdng
Dust Seal Washer
Dust Seal (Throttle)
Throttle Shutter
Shutter Screw
Fuel Fitting
Throttle Crack Screw/Idle Speed
Screw
Tension Spring
Idle Restrictor Screw
Idle Restrictor Screw Cap
Float Bowl
Float Shaft
Float
Float Bowl "O" Ring
Inlet Needle, Seat, & Clip (Incl.
31)
Spdng Clip
Primer Bulb/Retainer Ring
Main Nozzle Tube
Carburetor Tube
"O" Ring, Main Nozzle Tube
High Speed Bowl Nut
Bowl Nut Washer
Welch Plug, Idle Mixture Well
Welch Plug, Atmospher=,cVent
Welch Plug
Repair kit (Incl. Items Marked ")
38
CRAFTSMAN
4-CYCLE ENGINE
MODEL NUMBER 143.994508
KEY
NO.
8
PART
NO.
----590694
1
590599A
2
590600
3
590696
4
590601
5
590697
6
590698
7
590699
8
590700
11
590695
12
590535
13
590701
DESCRIPTION
Recoil Starter
Spring Pin (Incl. 4)
Washer
Retainer
Washer
Brake Spring
Starter Dog
Dog Spdng
Pulley & Rewind SpringAss'y.
Starter HousingAss'y.(40
degree grommet)
Starter Rope ( 98' X 9/64"
dia.)
Starter Hana e
--5
O
2
KEY
NO.
PART
NO.
----590737
3
590740
6
590616
7
590617
8
590618A
11
590687A
12
590535
13
14
590701
590760
[11 i--7
39
DESCRIPTION
Rewind Starter
Retainer
Starter Dog
Dog Spdng
Pulley & Rewind Spdng Ass'y
Starter Housing Ass'y
_40 degree grommet)
Starter Rope (Length 98' x 9/
64" dia.)
Starter Handle
Spdng Clip
For in-home major brand repair service:
Call 24 hours a day, 7 days a week
1-800-4-MY-Home
sM(1-800-469-4663)
Para pedir servicio de reparacidn a domicilio
1-800-676-5811
In Canada for all your service and parts needs call
Au Canada pour tout le service ou les pi_ces
1-800-865-4455
For the repair or replacement parts you need:
Call 6 am-11pm CST, 7 days a week
PartsDirect
1-800-366-PART
sM
(1-800-366-7278)
Para ordenar piezas con entrega a domicilio
1-800-659-7084
For the location of a Sears Parts and Repair Center
in your area:
Call 24 Hours a day, 7 days a week
1-800-488-1222
For information on purchasing a Sears Maintenance
Agreement or to inquire about an existing Agreement:
Call 9 am-5 pm, Monday - Saturday
1-800-827-6655
8BARS
172537
12.02.99
VB
Printed in U.S.A.