DAVIS Wireless Repeater 7624 Product manual

WIRELESS REPEATER
WITH
SOLAR
OR
AC - P O W E R
The Wireless Repeater receives data from any DavisTalk™-compatible transmitter and re-transmits it to any DavisTalk-compatible receiver. The repeater
extends the transmission range and improves reception between the transmitter and the receiver.
Each repeater has a transmitting and receiving range of up to 400' (120 m)
depending upon the terrain. The repeater can listen for up to eight different
transmitter signals and can pass those signals on to another repeater or to any
number of receivers.
Note: The Wireless Repeater operates on a low power frequency that does not require an FCC
license.
The repeater allows you to put together your weather system in a number of
different ways. The most common setup is to install the repeater between a
transmitter and a receiver to improve reception. You can also install a chain of
up to eight repeaters to carry the transmitter’s signal over a longer distance, or
around obstacles. Or, you can establish a network of weather stations by linking
the chain of repeaters to up to eight different wireless stations.
This manual describes three different setup options in separate sections based
on how many repeaters and transmitters you plan to install:
✦
The first section, “Single Transmitter, Single Repeater Installation” on
page 3, discusses the most common and simplest installation—that of
one transmitter, one repeater and one or more receivers.
✦
The second section, “Daisy-Chain Installation (Multiple Repeaters)” on
page 10, discusses daisy-chaining up to eight repeaters in succession to
increase the range between a single transmitter and one or more receivers.
✦
And the third section, “Network Installation (Multiple Transmitters)” on
page 12, discusses setting up a complex network of transmitters, repeaters, and receivers.
These setup instructions apply whether you have a solar-powered or an
AC-powered repeater.
Product # 7624 & 7625
Components
The Wireless Repeater includes the following components. Please be sure you
have everything you need for either the AC-powered or the solar-powered
model.
Wireless Repeater Components
1/4" x 1-1/2"
Lag Screws
U-Bolts
1/4" Flat Washers
1/4" Lock Washers
1/4" Hex Nuts
Shelter
110 Volt AC
Power Adapter
(AC-Powered Repeaters Only)
Tools and Materials
You may need the following tools and materials for either the AC-powered or
solar-powered model.
Page 2
✦
Adjustable Wrench
✦
Medium Flathead Screwdriver
✦
Medium Phillips Screwdriver
✦
Compass or Local Area Map
✦
Pencil or Other Pointed Object
Wireless Repeater
Single Transmitter, Single Repeater Installation
If you have just one DavisTalk transmitter and just one repeater, simply follow
the instructions below to install your system. If you have a more complex setup
that involves multiple repeaters or multiple transmitters within 400' (120 m) of
each other, see “Advanced Installations” on page 10.
Quick Install Instructions
First off, open the repeater housing. Inside, you should see a green circuit
board in the upper part of the right-hand side of the box. Compare the circuit
board in your repeater with the picture below. You should be able to identify
the Transmitter ID DIP switch component with its eight switches on the left
edge of the board, the Repeater ID DIP switch, recognized by its four switches,
and finally the two test LEDs in the upper left part of the board.
ON
ON
1
2 TRANSMITTER
3 ID
4
5
6
7
8
TX
RX
Transmitter ID
DIP switch
Repeater ID
DIP switch
1 2 3 4
TEST OFF
ON
REPEATER
ID
TX
RX
TEST ON
Test LEDs
Test Switch
Transmitter ID Code Set to One (1)
The DIP switches are used to configure the repeater.
✦
If you’re using only one repeater, the Repeater ID DIP switches are not
required. Leave them at the factory settings (all off).
✦
Use the Transmitter ID DIP switches to select which Transmitter IDs to
repeat.
✦ For example, if you have one transmitter, say a Vantage Pro ISS
(#6320), transmitting on ID five (5), turn Transmitter ID DIP switch
five on and turn all others to off.
✦ For example, if you have two transmitters (and you could have up
to eight), say a Vantage Pro ISS (#6320) and a Wireless Temperature
Station (#6370), transmitting on IDs four (4) and eight (8), turn
Transmitter ID DIP switches four and eight to on and all others to
off.
Single Transmitter, Single Repeater Installation
Page 3
Note: If you’re using only one transmitter, one repeater, and one console, all three devices are set at
the factory to broadcast and receive on Davis ID code #1. You won’t need to change anything,
unless you’ve got a neighbor broadcasting on the same ID code.
Choosing a Location
The range of the radio transmission depends on several factors.
Note: Given the maximum ranges below, the repeater may need to be somewhat closer to the
receiver than to the transmitter.
Typical maximum ranges between the transmitter and the repeater:
✦ Line of Sight: 400 feet (120 m)
✦ Through Walls and Ceilings: 150 feet (46 m)
✦ Through Trees and Foliage: 150 feet (46 m)
Typical maximum ranges between the repeater and the receiver:
✦ Line of Sight: 400 feet (120 m)
✦ Through Walls and Ceilings: 75 to 150 feet (23 to 46 m)
✦ Through Trees and Foliage: 75 to 150 feet (23 to 46 m)
AC-Powered Repeaters
Look for a sheltered location with access to an AC-power outlet. For
example, you could mount the repeater in a room or garage.
Solar-Powered Repeaters
Look for a location where you can position the solar panel to receive maximum exposure to the sun’s rays as follows:
✦ The solar panel works best when the surface of the panel receives
full sunlight. Mount the panel away from fences, buildings, trees or
other obstructions that may cast shadows over the panel.
✦ The solar panel should be mounted facing south in the Northern
Hemisphere and north in the Southern Hemisphere for maximum
sun exposure.
You can use a compass or a local map to help find north and south.
Page 4
Wireless Repeater
Testing Proposed Locations
Test your proposed transmitter, repeater and receiver locations to ensure
successful data transmission as follows:
1.
Make sure your transmitter and receiver are in position and are operating
in test mode.
To place the Wireless Repeater in test mode, flip Repeater ID DIP switch #4
to “TEST” and then power the repeater. Refer to the figure on page 3.
Now, verify that the receiver is in test mode. Please refer to your receiver
manual to learn how to start the test mode.
In test mode, depending on your model, the transmitter either beeps or
flashes when it is transmitting and the receiver beeps or flashes whenever it
is receiving data from the transmitter (approximately every 2.5 seconds if
the signal is within range).
2.
Place the repeater temporarily where you plan to mount it.
Don’t complete the installation, because you may need to move the
repeater.
3.
Apply power to the repeater.
✦
AC-Power Model
Plug the AC-power adapter into the jack marked POWER, and into an
AC-power outlet. Watch for the LEDs to light (as described below).
Install three AA-cell batteries for backup power (optional).
AC-Power Connections
Backup-Battery
Cable Connections
Backup-Battery
Mounts
AC Power Adapter
Applying Power to the AC-Powered Repeater
Single Transmitter, Single Repeater Installation
Page 5
✦
Solar-Power Model
Plug the power cord from the battery to the jack marked POWER as
shown below. Watch for the LEDs to light, (as described below).
LEDs
Power
Plug
REPEATER ID
1 2 3 4
ON
TEST
Repeater ID Code
DIP Switches
(Verify that DIP switch #4 is ON
for Testing)
Applying Power to the Solar-Powered Repeater
Both LEDs flash once when you apply power. The repeater performs a selfdiagnostic test that lasts about seven seconds. When the test is completed,
both LEDs flash again twice. After that second double-flash, the repeater
begins listening for a signal. If it finds one, the lower LED flashes as it
receives a signal and then the upper LED flashes as the data is transmitted
out again.
If the repeater still cannot find a signal one minute after you apply power, it
double-flashes three times and then shuts itself down in order to save
power. If this happens, check that your transmitter is transmitting and try
repositioning your repeater for better reception. Remove and reapply power
to the repeater to make it listen for the signal.
Once the repeater receives and re-transmits reliably, check your console/
receiver’s reception. If you’re using a Vantage Pro console/receiver, enter
Setup mode. The first screen in Setup mode will show you what transmitters
the console is receiving. For other Davis products, the receiver flashes,
beeps, or otherwise indicates it received a data packet approximately every
2.5 seconds in test mode. If there is no indication that data has been received,
reposition the repeater, transmitter, or receiver for better reception.
Note: To overcome difficult terrain or excessive obstructions, you can add additional repeaters to
boost the signal through—or carry it around—various obstacles.
Page 6
Wireless Repeater
4.
When you find a location that works, switch all three units out of test
mode.
If the transmitter is in test mode, restore to normal mode to conserve
power. If you’re using a Vantage Pro console/receiver, use Setup mode to
temporarily deactivate all transmitter IDs. Similarly, to switch the repeater
out of test mode, flip the Repeater ID DIP switch #4 from the TEST position
to the off position as shown below.
Repeater ID Code
DIP Switches
REPEATER ID
1 2 3 4
ON
TEST
Repeater DIP Switch Set to TEST MODE OFF
Note: Leaving the repeater in test mode will cause the LEDs to flash unnecessarily and thus drain
additional power from your power supply. Use the test mode only when necessary.
5.
Remove power from the repeater.
For AC models, make sure you unplug both primary and battery power.
Single Transmitter, Single Repeater Installation
Page 7
Mounting the Repeater
Once you determine that your chosen location transmits and receives the signal, continue with the installation by mounting the repeater. Mounting hardware has been included for the most common installations (see figure on page
9 for instructions).
CAUTION: Any prominent object, including an outside-mounted
repeater, can attract a lightning strike. If lightning strikes your unit or
strikes somewhere nearby, the unit’s internal electronics may suffer. The unit
itself has been designed with considerable surge protection, but to safeguard
nearby equipment and structures, we recommend following local recommendations on properly grounding your installation. For more information, contact
your local lightning protection authority and/or refer to the following articles:
✦ MIL-HDBK-419A: Grounding, Bonding, and Shielding for Electronic Equipments
and Facilities, 29 Dec 1987.
✦ National Fire Protection Association, 1997: Standard for Installation of Lightning
Protection Systems, 1997 ANSI/NFPA 780, National Fire Protection Association,
Quincy, MA.
✦ NEC, National Electrical Code, 1996 Edition: National Fire Protection Information,
Quincy, MA.
Mounting the Repeater
Mounting the AC-Powered Repeater
Page 8
1.
Choose a location with access to AC power.
2.
Mount the shelter against a wall or post, or on a pipe.
See page 9 for figures showing wall or post and pipe mounts.
Wireless Repeater
Mounting the Solar-Powered Repeater
1.
Mount the shelter against a wall or post, or on a pipe.
CAUTION: Remember to face the solar panel south in the Northern Hemisphere and north in the
Southern Hemisphere for maximum sun exposure.
✦
Wall or Post
Attach the shelter to the mounting surface in the desired location using
the lag screws and 1/4" flat washers as shown below.
Lag
Flat
Screw
Washer
Mounting Repeater on a Wall or Post
✦
Pipe - 3/4” to 1-1/4” (19 cm to 31 cm)
Use the 1-1/2" U-bolts and saddles, and the 1/4" washers and hex nuts
as shown below.
Hex
Lock Nut
Flat Washer
Washer
U-Bolt
Mounting Repeater on a Small Pipe
2.
Apply power (see step 3 on page 5) and close the shelter door.
Mounting the Repeater
Page 9
Advanced Installations
Daisy-Chain Installation (Multiple Repeaters)
To transmit data up to one and a half miles (two and a half kilometers), or to
improve reception in hilly, heavily-wooded or urban areas, you can daisychain up to eight repeaters together. For instructions on daisy-chaining multiple repeaters, see below; for instructions on adding multiple transmitters to the
network as well, see page 12.
A Transmitter with ID Code #1 sends data (through a daisy-chain of Repeaters)
to Receivers with ID Codes also set to #1.
1
1
1
A
1
B
1
C
1
1
D
1
1
1
DavisTalk-Compatible
Transmitter
Repeaters
1
DavisTalk-Compatible
Console/Receiver
Daisy-Chain Installation - Multiple Repeaters
To install a chain of more than one repeater, follow the instructions for a single
repeater installation. Before you apply power to test the system, set Repeater
ID codes so that each listens to the repeater before it in succession.
The first repeater (i.e., the repeater closest to the transmitter) needs no adjustment. The second repeater needs to be set to Repeater ID code B; and the third,
to C; and so on. In this way, the second repeater (B) only tunes into signals from
the first (A), and the third (C) only tunes into signals from the second (B), and
so on, thereby improving reception.
Note: The repeater “closest to the transmitter” means the repeater with the best connection to that
transmitter (i.e., whether or not it is the shortest distance away may be less important than a
clear line of sight).
Setting the Repeater ID Codes on the Repeater
To configure each repeater’s ID code (except the first), use the table on page 11
to set the Repeater ID DIP switches:
Note: If you have only one repeater, you do NOT need to set any Repeater ID code DIP switches. If
you have more than one repeater, use the chart on page 11.
Page 10
Wireless Repeater
REPEATER ID
CODE
A (default)
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
DIP SWITCH
1
DIP SWITCH
2
DIP SWITCH
3
DIP SWITCH
4
off
off
off
off
ON
ON
ON
ON
off
off
ON
ON
off
off
ON
ON
off
ON
off
ON
off
ON
off
ON
The position
of this DIP
switch is not
part of the ID
code.
So, for example, the second (B) repeater’s DIP switches will be set to OFF, OFF,
ON, while the third (C) will be set to OFF, ON, OFF, as shown below.
Note: Other DavisTalk Compatible transmitters
use a similar DIP switch. Consult your station
for the exact location.
1 2 3 4
TEST
REPEATER ID
Repeater C
Settings
ON
REPEATER ID
1 2 3 4
TEST
Repeater B
Settings
ON
1 2 3 4
ON
REPEATER ID
Repeater A
Settings
TEST
DIP Switches on Repeaters A, B, and C
Setting the Transmitter ID Codes on the Repeater
Once you have set the Repeater ID codes, determine whether you need to set
Transmitter ID codes. If you have only one transmitter and its DIP switches are set
to the default ID code (#1), then you do not need to set any transmitter ID codes on the
repeater closest to the transmitter. All other repeaters must have all transmitter ID
DIP switches turned off.
If the transmitter’s DIP switches are set to some code other than the default
(#1), then the closest repeater to a transmitter is the only repeater that should
have its transmitter DIP switch set to that transmitter’s ID code (see “Quick
Install Instructions” on page 3 for details). All other repeaters in the chain
should have their transmitter DIP switches set to OFF because there is only one
transmitter in this chain and its signal is already being picked up.
If you have more than one transmitter, see “Network Installation (Multiple
Transmitters)” on page 12. Otherwise, simply continue with the installation
where you left off (see “Choosing a Location” on page 4).
Advanced Installations
Page 11
Network Installation (Multiple Transmitters)
If you have two or more transmitters in your network, follow the instructions
as if for a multiple repeater installation. Before you apply power to test your
chosen locations, set unique ID codes for each transmitter and then set the closest repeater to each transmitter to listen to that transmitter.
Note: Each transmitter in your network must have a different ID code so that its signal remains
distinct and identifiable throughout the network. See your Wireless Weather Station or the
appropriate DavisTalk™compatible product manual for instructions on how to set the
Transmitter and Receiver ID codes.
There are a number of ways you can configure your network. The only rule is
that each transmitter’s data should only enter the network at one point,
through one repeater. No two repeaters should be set to listen to the same
transmitter directly.
✦
Multiple Transmitter Network
You can set one repeater to listen to up to eight transmitters directly, and
then re-transmit those signals to your consoles. To set the repeater to listen to each transmitter, flip the appropriate DIP switches on the repeater.
1
1
1
2
1
A
2
2
3
3
4
3
2
4
3
4
DavisTalk-Compatible
Transmitter
4
Repeater
DavisTalk-Compatible
Console/Receiver
Multiple Transmitter Network
In the diagram above, the Repeater/Transmitter ID DIP switches (eight
switches on DIP switch) would have #1, #2, #3, and #4 set to ON, and
the rest set to OFF.
The Repeater’s ID code DIP switches (four switches on DIP switch), on
the other hand, would simply be set to default ID code A (OFF, OFF,
OFF) because the repeater in the above diagram does not need to listen
to any other repeaters.
Page 12
Wireless Repeater
✦
Combo Network — Multiple Transmitters AND Multiple Repeaters
A combo network can have any combinations of the multiple transmitter
network on page 12 and the daisy-chain network on page 10. In the
example below, the data all flows in one direction; it enters the network
at a point somewhere upstream and exits the network somewhere
downstream.
Transmitter
3
Repeaters
3
2
3
2
1
1
2
A
1
B
3
3
1
2
4
C
1
2
2
D
3
3
1
4
11
2
2
44
DavisTalk-Compatible
Transmitter
4
DavisTalk-Compatible
Console/Receiver
4
2
Receiver
Transmitter
Combo Network- Multiple Transmitters and Multiple Repeaters
Note: No matter how closely they are spaced, no two repeaters should be set up to listen to the same
transmitter directly—this only generates interference and can cause the network to fail.
To set up a network:
1.
Set ID codes for each transmitter and receiver.
See your DavisTalk-compatible transmitter and receiver installation manual for instructions on how to set transmitter and receiver ID Codes.
2.
Choose locations for the farthest transmitter, its repeater and its receiver.
Set the repeater to listen for that transmitter’s signal (see “Quick Install
Instructions” on page 3 for details). Make sure the repeater is receiving and
then re-transmitting the signal properly.
3.
Add any additional repeaters as necessary, one at a time.
Make sure you set each one’s Repeater ID code (see “Setting the Repeater
ID Codes on the Repeater” on page 10 for details).
4.
Put all the units in test mode to test the transmission of the data from the
transmitter, through each repeater, to the receiver.
Advanced Installations
Page 13
5.
Turn off the “farthest” transmitter and then add the second farthest transmitter (and its receiver) to your network. Check the reception of that second signal at each point.
Ensure that your network is functioning properly at every stage so that if,
at some point, you add a transmitter, repeater, or receiver that is malfunctioning or is poorly positioned, you will know immediately.
6.
Add additional transmitter/receiver pairs one at a time, making sure to
test only one signal (i.e., one pair) at a time.
7.
Once each transmitter/receiver pair has been tested by itself, add signals
(i.e., the transmitters you tested above) slowly to the network as follows:
A. Turn all the repeaters off. Turn off all transmitter ID DIP switches
except Transmitter 1 DIP switch.
B. Turn on Transmitter 1 and Repeater A only. Verify that Repeater A
is retransmitting Transmitter 1 by observing the LED (as illustrated on page 6.)
C. Apply power to repeaters B, C, and D. Data is transmitted and
repeated to the consoles/receivers through repeaters B, C, and D.
D. Turn on Transmitter 2 and flip DIP switch #2 on Repeater A to ON.
Data is transmitted and repeated to the consoles/receivers
through repeaters B, C, and D.
E. Turn on Transmitter 3 and flip DIP switch #3 on Repeater B to ON.
Data is transmitted and repeated to the consoles/receivers
through repeaters B, C, and D.
F. Turn on Transmitter 4 and flip DIP switch #4 on Repeater C to ON.
Data is transmitted and repeated to the consoles/receivers
through repeaters C, and D.
Note: The steps above tell how to set up and test a network like the network illustrated on page
13. The exact steps vary according to your particular repeater, transmitter and receiver combination.
If a repeater is set to listen for more than one signal, the repeater waits until
it has acquired all the signals you have told it to listen to before it begins
repeating. If it fails to acquire one or more of the signals after one minute,
the repeater will begin repeating the signals it has found and will check
again for the missing signals once every hour.
Note: If the repeater fails to acquire any signals at all, it will time out after one minute. Reposition
the repeater, check that its DIP switches are set correctly and that the transmitter/repeater
it is listening for is functioning properly, and then power the repeater up again.
Whether the repeater acquires all the signals or not, the LEDs flash three
times. For each successful transmission of a signal, the lower LED flashes,
followed by the upper LED. Count the number of distinct pairs of flashes to
determine if any signals are missing.
Page 14
Wireless Repeater
8.
Take all transmitters, repeaters, and receivers out of test mode.
Consult your installation manuals to find out how to take the units out of
test mode. Leaving any of the units in test mode drains power.
Troubleshooting
Please check the troubleshooting list below if you experience a problem with
your unit. If you still are unable to solve the problem, we encourage you to call
Technical Support at (510) 732-7814 for assistance (Mon-Fri, 7:00am – 5:30pm
Pacific Time).
Note: Please do not return your unit for repair without prior authorization.
Note: Repeater ID DIP switch 4 must be set to ON to for the LEDs to light.
✦ The LEDs do not flash on power-up.
Make sure that your power cord connections are secure. If your unit is
AC-powered, try plugging the repeater into another outlet and some other
(functioning) device into the outlet you are using.
If your unit is solar-powered and the rechargeable battery is over five years
old, try replacing the battery. (Do not incinerate the used battery, it may
burst. Arrange for proper recycling in your locality.)
If your unit is solar-powered and the battery is less than five years old, make
sure the panel is not being shaded by the sun. Open the shelter and check
that the wire connections are secure and that the battery is free from corrosion and excessive deposits on the terminals. Clean the solar panel using a
water spray, or a soft cloth and soapy water followed by a clean water rinse.
Check the battery’s voltage with a voltmeter; the battery must have at least
3.8 V to power the station. (More than 4 V indicates an adequately charged
battery.) Try exposing the panel to ample sunlight for a week, or use a
charger designed to recharge a 4 V gel cell battery.
✦ The LEDs do not flash twice after the self-diagnostic.
Upon power-up, if you consistently get a first flash but no double-flash
seven seconds later, something is wrong with the unit’s circuitry. Please contact Technical Support for assistance (see above).
✦ The lower LED is not lighting up, but the upper one is.
When the repeater fails to receive a valid data packet, it still sends out a
“no data” packet to keep downstream repeaters in sync. Even if no data
packet is received, the lower receive LED will not light but the upper transmit
LED will. This is useful in a network situation because it can show where the
last good packet was received in a chain of repeaters.
If the lower LED consistently fails to light up, make sure the transmitter (or
repeater) that it is listening to is powered up and functioning correctly. You
can also try moving the repeater closer to the transmitter (or prior repeater)
for better reception.
Troubleshooting
Page 15
Specifications
Operating Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-40° to +150°F (-40° to +65°C)
Non-operating Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-50° to +158°F (-45° to +70°C)
Current Draw . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.5 mA at 4-6 VDC
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6.25" x 2.25 " x 7.875 " (158.75 mm x
57.15 mm x 200 mm)
Wireless Communications
Transmit/Receive Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .US Models: 916.5 MHz,
Overseas Models: 868.35 MHz
ID Codes Available . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Output Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .916.5 MHz: FCC-certified low power, less
than 1 mW, no license required
868.35 MHz: CE-certified, less than 10 mW,
no license required
Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Line of Sight - up to 400’ (122 m)
Through Walls - 75 to 150’ (23 to 46 m)
FCC Part 15 Class B Registration Warning
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against
harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate
radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause
harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will
not occur in a particular installation.
If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference
by one or more of the following measures:
✦
✦
✦
✦
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
Shielded cables and I/O cords must be used for this equipment to comply with the relevant FCC regulations. Changes or modifications not expressly approved in writing by Davis Instruments may void
the user's authority to operate this equipment.
Product Numbers: 7624 & 7625
Davis Instruments Part Number: 7395.105
Wireless Repeater with Solar or AC-Power
Rev. E (September 9, 2003)
This product complies with the essential protection requirements of the EC EMC Directive 89/336/EC.
Copyright © 1999-2003 Davis Instruments Corp. All rights reserved.
3465 Diablo Avenue, Hayward, CA 94545-2778
510-732-9229 • Fax: 510-732-9188
E-mail: info@davisnet.com • www.davisnet.com