Mercury Bravo Three Service manual

MAIN MENU
SERVICE
MANUAL
Number 28
BRAVO STERNDRIVES
Printed in U.S.A.
2000, Mercury Marine
90-863160 MAY 2000
90-863160
MerCruiser #28 Bravo Sterndrives
90-863160
90-
i
MerCruiser #28 Bravo Sterndrives
Notice
Throughout this publication, “Dangers,” “Warnings” and “Cautions” (accompanied by the In) are used to alert the mechanic to special instructions conternational HAZARD Symbol
cerning a particular service or operation that may be hazardous if performed incorrectly or
carelessly. OBSERVE THEM CAREFULLY!
These “Safety Alerts” alone cannot eliminate the hazards that they signal. Strict compliance
to these special instructions when performing the service, plus “Common Sense” operation,
are major accident prevention measures.
DANGER
DANGER - Immediate hazards which WILL result in severe personal injury or death.
WARNING
WARNING - Hazards or unsafe practices which COULD result in severe personal injury or death.
CAUTION
Hazards or unsafe practices which could result in minor personal injury or product
or property damage.
Notice to Users of This Manual
This service manual has been written and published by the Service Department of Mercury
Marine to aid our dealers’ mechanics and company service personnel when servicing the
products described herein.
It is assumed that these personnel are familiar with the servicing procedures of these products, or like or similar products manufactured and marketed by Mercury Marine, that they
have been trained in the recommended servicing procedures of these products which includes the use of mechanics’ common hand tools and the special Mercury Marine or recommended tools from other suppliers.
We could not possibly know of and advise the service trade of all conceivable procedures
by which a service might be performed and of the possible hazards and/or results of each
method. We have not undertaken any such wide evaluation. Therefore, anyone who uses
a service procedure and/or tool, which is not recommended by the manufacturer, first must
completely satisfy himself that neither his nor the products safety will be endangered by the
service procedure selected.
All information, illustrations and specifications contained in this manual are based on the
latest product information available at the time of publication. As required, revisions to this
manual will be sent to all dealers contracted by us to sell and/or service these products.
It should be kept in mind, while working on the product, that the electrical system and ignition
system are capable of violent and damaging short circuits or severe electrical shocks. When
performing any work where electrical terminals could possibly be grounded or touched by
the mechanic, the battery cables should be disconnected at the battery.
Any time the intake or exhaust openings are exposed during service they should be covered
to protect against accidental entrance of foreign material which could enter the cylinders and
cause extensive internal damage when the engine is started.
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page i
It is important to note, during any maintenance procedure replacement fasteners must have
the same measurements and strength as those removed. Numbers on the heads of the metric bolts and on the surfaces of metric nuts indicate their strength. American bolts use radial
lines for this purpose, while most American nuts do not have strength markings. Mismatched or incorrect fasteners can result in damage or malfunction, or possibly personal
injury. Therefore, fasteners removed should be saved for reuse in the same locations whenever possible. Where the fasteners are not satisfactory for re-use, care should be taken to
select a replacement that matches the original.
We reserve the right to make changes to this manual without prior notification.
Refer to dealer service bulletins for other pertinent information concerning the products
described in this manual.
Engine Mechanical Components
Many of the engine mechanical components are designed for marine applications. Unlike
automotive engines, marine engines are subjected to extended periods of heavy load
and wide-open-throttle operation and, therefore, require heavy-duty components. Special
marine engine parts have design and manufacturing specifications which are required to
provide long life and dependable performance. Marine engine parts also must be able to
resist the corrosive action of salt or brackish water that will rust or corrode standard automotive parts within a short period of time.
Failure to use recommended Quicksilver service replacement parts can result in poor engine performance and/or durability, rapid corrosion of parts subjected to salt water and
possibly complete failure of the engine.
Use of parts other than recommended service replacement parts, will void the warranty on
those parts which are damaged as a result of the use of other than recommended replacement parts.
Replacement Parts
WARNING
Electrical, ignition and fuel system components on MerCruiser Engines and Sterndrives are designed and manufactured to comply with U.S. Coast Guard Rules
and Regulations to minimize risks of fire or explosion.
Use of replacement electrical, ignition or fuel system components, which do not
comply to these rules and regulations, could result in a fire or explosion hazard and
should be avoided.
When servicing the electrical, ignition and fuel systems, it is extremely important
that all components are properly installed and tightened. If not, any electrical or ignition component opening would permit sparks to ignite fuel vapors from fuel system leaks, if they existed.
Page ii
90-863160 MAY 2000
Service Manual Outline
Important Information
Section 1 - Important Information
A - General Information
B - Maintenance
C - Troubleshooting
Section 2 - Removal, Installation and Adjustment
A - All Models
Section 3 - Sterndrive Unit
A - Drive Shaft Housing
B - Gear Housing - Bravo One
C - Gear Housing - Bravo Two
D - Gear Housing - Bravo Three
Section 4 - Transom Assembly
A - Service Procedures Requiring Minor Disassembly
B - Service Procedures Requiring Major Disassembly
Section 5 - Power Trim
A - Oildyne Power Trim Pump
B - Trim Cylinders
C - Dual Power Trim Control
D - Auto Trim II
Section 6 - Steering Systems
A - Power Steering
B - Compact Hydraulic Steering
Section 7 - Corrosion Protection
A - All Models
Section 8 - Drives
A - All Models
90-863160 MAY 2000
1
Removal, Installation and
Adjustment
2
Sterndrive Unit
3
Transom Assembly
4
Power Trim
5
Steering Systems
6
Corrosion Protection
7
Drives
8
Page iii
Table of Contents
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Section 1A - General Information
How To Use This Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Page Numbering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Read a Parts Manual . . . . . . . . . . .
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Directional References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1A-2
1A-2
1A-3
1A-4
1A-4
Propeller Rotation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1A-4
Sterndrive Unit 10-Hour Break-In Period
(New or With Replacement Gears) . . . . . . 1A-5
Serial Number Locations and Engine
Designation Decal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1A-5
Section 1B - Maintenance
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives . . . . . . . 1B-2
Maintenance Schedules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-3
Maintenance Intervals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-3
Gas Sterndrive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-3
Routine Maintenance * . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-3
Gas Sterndrive(Continued) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-4
Scheduled Maintenance * . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-4
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-5
Torque Specification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-5
Fluid Capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-5
Lubrication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-5
Shift Cable Pivot Points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-5
Propeller Shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-6
Steering System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-6
Tie Bar Pivot Points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-7
Transom Gimbal Housing Assembly Swivel
Shaft and Gimbal Bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-7
Checking and Adding Sterndrive Oil . . . . . 1B-8
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-9
Changing Sterndrive Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-10
General Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-12
Maintaining Power Package Exterior Surfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-12
Steering Head and Remote Control Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-12
Checking Quicksilver MerCathode System . .
1B-12
Maintaining Anodic Plate . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-12
Boat Bottom Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-12
Anti-fouling Paint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-12
Maintaining Ground Circuit Continuity 1B-13
Power Package Layup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-13
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-13
Sterndrive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-13
Power Package Recommissioning . . . . . . 1B-14
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-14
Sterndrive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-14
Section 1C - Troubleshooting
Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sterndrive Unit Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . .
Sterndrive Unit Will Not Slide Into
Bell Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drive Unit Does Not Shift Into Gear;
Remote Control Shift Handle Moves . .
Drive Unit Does Not Shift Into Gear;
Remote Control Shift Handle Does
Not Move . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drive Unit Shifts Hard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drive Unit In Gear, Will Not Shift
Out Of Gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gear Housing Noise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drive Shaft Housing Noise . . . . . . . . . . .
Drive Shaft Housing Noise
(Continued) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drive Shaft Housing Noise
(Continued) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Shift . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Does Not React . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Binds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Performance Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . .
Low WOT Engine RPM . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
High WOT Engine RPM . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Page iv
1C-1
1C-2
1C-2
1C-2
1C-2
1C-3
1C-3
1C-3
1C-4
1C-4
1C-5
1C-6
1C-7
1C-7
1C-7
1C-8
1C-8
1C-8
Propeller Ventilating/Cavitating . . . . . . . 1C-8
Poor Boat Performance And/Or Poor
Maneuverability-Bow Too Low . . . . . . . 1C-9
Poor Boat Performance And/Or Poor
Maneuverability-Bow Too High . . . . . . . 1C-9
Power Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-10
Hard Steering - Helm And Cable . . . . . 1C-10
Hard Steering (Engine Running)
- Power Steering System . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-10
Power Steering System External
Fluid Leaks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-10
Compact Hydraulic Steering . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-11
Important Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-11
Helm Becomes Jammed During Filling 1C-11
System Difficult To Fill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-11
Steering Hard To Turn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-11
Helm Unit Bumpy
- Requires Too Many Turns . . . . . . . . . 1C-11
Power Trim Electrical System . . . . . . . . . . 1C-12
Power Trim System Wiring Diagram . . . . 1C-16
Power Trim Hydraulic System . . . . . . . . . . 1C-17
Power Trim Hydraulic Schematic . . . . . . . 1C-21
Auto Trim II Electrical System . . . . . . . . . . 1C-22
Auto Trim II System Wiring Diagram . . . . 1C-28
Corrosion Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-29
90-863160 MAY 2000
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENT
Section 2A - All Models
Torque Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives . . . . . . .
Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transom Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking Transom Thickness . . . . . . . .
Special Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bravo Three Notice:
Trim-In Limit Insert . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2A-2
2A-2
2A-2
2A-3
2A-3
2A-4
Sterndrive Unit Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2A-6
Transom Assembly Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . 2A-8
Transom Assembly Installation . . . . . . . . . 2A-12
Sterndrive Unit Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2A-22
Shift Cable Installation
and Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2A-29
Troubleshooting Shift Problems . . . . . . 2A-33
2A-4
STERNDRIVE UNIT
Section 3A - Drive Shaft Housing
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-2
Torque Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-2
Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-2
Bearing Preloads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-3
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives . . . . . 3A-3
Drive Shaft Housing Exploded View . . . . . . 3A-4
Complete Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-4
Exploded Parts View (Clutch) . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-6
Exploded Parts View (Shifter) . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-7
Standard Bravo U-joint Assembly . . . . . 3A-8
Bravo X, XZ, XR and Diesel
Bravo U–joint Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-9
Drive Shaft Housing and Gear
Case Separation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-10
Drive Unit Gear Ratio Identification . . . 3A-10
Bravo One . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-10
Bravo Two . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-10
Bravo Three . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-11
Bravo XZ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-11
Bravo XR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-12
Diesel Bravo One X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-12
Diesel Bravo Two X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-12
Diesel Bravo Three X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-13
Separate Housings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-14
Drive Shaft Housing Disassembly . . . . . . 3A-17
Shifter Repair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-22
90-863160 MAY 2000
Shifter Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shifter Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U-Joint and Pinion Gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gear Disassembly,
Inspection and Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . .
Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drive Shaft Housing and Top Cover Bearings and Bearing Sleeves . . . . . . . . .
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bearing Sleeve Removal (Top Cover)
Bearing Sleeve Removal
(Drive Shaft Housing) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Roller Bearing Removal . . . . . . . . . . . .
Steel Bearing Adaptor Removal . . . . .
Steel Bearing Adaptor Installation . . . .
Bearing Sleeve Installation . . . . . . . . . .
Roller Bearing Installation . . . . . . . . . . .
Drive Shaft Housing Reassembly . . . . . . .
Install Gear Housing To Drive
Shaft Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3A-25
3A-26
3A-30
3A-30
3A-30
3A-34
3A-42
3A-42
3A-44
3A-44
3A-47
3A-47
3A-47
3A-48
3A-49
3A-51
3A-52
3A-53
3A-54
3A-55
3A-66
Page v
Section 3B - Gear Housing - Bravo One
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-2
Torque Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-2
Bearing Preloads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-2
Gear Ratio - Teeth Per Gear
(Gear Housing) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-2
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives . . . . . . . 3B-2
Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-3
Bravo One Gear Housing Exploded View . 3B-4
Drive Shaft Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-4
Bravo One and Diesel Bravo One X
Propeller Shaft Components . . . . . . . . . 3B-6
Bravo XZ and Bravo XR Propeller
Shaft Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-8
Pre-Disassembly Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-10
Drive Shaft Housing and Gear Housing
Separation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-11
Gear Housing Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-13
Drive Shaft And Pinion Bearing . . . . . . . . 3B-19
Inspection and Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-19
Drive Shaft Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-19
Pinion Bearing Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-20
Pinion Bearing Installation . . . . . . . . . . 3B-21
Drive Shaft Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-22
Bearing Carrier Inspection . . . . . . . . . . 3B-23
Bearing Carrier Disassembly . . . . . . . .
Bearing Carrier Reassembly . . . . . . . .
Propeller Shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Propeller Shaft Bearing Removal . . . .
Propeller Shaft Bearing Installation . . .
Driven Gear Bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Driven Gear Bearing Removal . . . . . . .
Driven Gear Bearing Installation . . . . .
Driven Gear Bearing Cup
Removal and Inspection . . . . . . . . . . .
Driven Gear Bearing Cup Installation .
Speedometer Water Passage . . . . . . . . . .
Pickup Inspection and Cleaning . . . . .
Water Passage Seal Replacement . . .
Gear Housing Reassembly And
Shimming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bravo XZ and XR Heavy Duty
Propeller Shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gear Housing
Disassembly/Reassembly . . . . . . . . . .
Installing Bearing Carrier . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing Propeller Hub Assembly . . . .
3B-23
3B-24
3B-25
3B-25
3B-25
3B-26
3B-26
3B-26
3B-27
3B-27
3B-28
3B-28
3B-29
3B-29
3B-30
3B-31
3B-45
3B-45
3B-45
3B-47
Section 3C - Gear Housing - Bravo Two
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-2
Torque Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-2
Bearing Preloads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-2
Gear Ratio - Teeth per Gear
(Gear Housing) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-2
Lubricants/Sealants/Adhesives . . . . . . . . . . 3C-2
Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-3
Bravo Two Gear Housing Exploded View . 3C-4
Drive Shaft and Propeller
Shaft Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-4
Pre-Disassembly Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-6
Drive Shaft Housing and Gear
Housing Separation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-7
Gear Housing Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-8
Drive Shaft and Pinion Bearing . . . . . . . . . 3C-14
Inspection and Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-14
Drive Shaft Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-15
Pinion Bearing Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-16
Pinion Bearing Installation . . . . . . . . . . 3C-17
Drive Shaft Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . 3C-18
Page vi
Bearing Carrier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Propeller Shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Propeller Shaft Bearing Removal . . . .
Propeller Shaft Bearing Installation . . .
Driven Gear Bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Driven Gear Bearing Removal . . . . . . .
Driven Gear Bearing Installation . . . . .
Driven Gear Bearing Cup Removal
and Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Driven Gear Bearing Cup Installation .
Speedometer Water Passage . . . . . . . . . .
Pickup Inspection and Cleaning . . . . .
Water Passage Seal Replacement . . .
Gear Housing Reassembly and
Shimming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3C-19
3C-19
3C-20
3C-21
3C-23
3C-23
3C-24
3C-24
3C-25
3C-25
3C-25
3C-26
3C-26
3C-27
3C-27
3C-27
3C-28
3C-29
90-863160 MAY 2000
Section 3D - Gear Housing - Bravo Three
Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-1
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-2
Torque Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-2
Bearing Preloads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-2
Gear Ratio - Teeth per Gear
(Gear Housing) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-2
Torque Conversion Chart For
Bearing Carrier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-3
Torque Conversion Chart For
Bearing Retainer Nut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-3
Torquing Outer Prop Shaft Bearing
Retainer and Bearing Carrier . . . . . . . . 3D-4
Lubricants/Sealants/Adhesives . . . . . . . . . . 3D-4
Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-5
Bravo Three Gear Housing
Exploded View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-6
Drive Shaft and Propeller Shaft
Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-6
Pre-Disassembly Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-8
Gear Housing Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-9
Driveshaft And Pinion Bearing . . . . . . . . . 3D-16
Inspection and Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-16
Drive Shaft Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-17
Drive Shaft Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-17
Pinion Bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-18
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-18
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3D-19
Propeller Shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Propeller Shaft Spline Lash Check . . .
Outer Propeller Shaft Servicing . . . . . .
Front Driven Gear And Bearing . . . . . . . .
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bearing Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bearing Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bearing Cup Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bearing Cup Installation . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bearing Carrier Seal And Bearing . . . . . .
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Speedometer Water Passage . . . . . . . . . .
Inspection and Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . .
Seal Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Seal Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gear Housing Reassembly and
Shimming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking Backlash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing Gear Housing On Drive
Shaft Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Propeller Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3D-19
3D-19
3D-20
3D-21
3D-23
3D-24
3D-24
3D-24
3D-24
3D-25
3D-25
3D-26
3D-26
3D-26
3D-26
3D-27
3D-27
3D-28
3D-28
3D-29
3D-36
3D-42
3D-43
TRANSOM ASSEMBLY
Section 4A - Service Procedures Requiring Minor Disassembly
Bravo Transom Assembly Specifications . 4A-2
Torque Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-2
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives . . . . . 4A-2
Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-2
Bravo Transom Assembly
Exploded Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-4
Inner Transom Plate Components . . . . 4A-4
Bell Housing Components . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-5
Gimbal Ring Components . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-6
Gimbal Housing Components . . . . . . . . 4A-8
Special Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-10
Trim Limit Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-10
Trim Position Sender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-10
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-10
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-12
Trim Position Sender Adjustment . . . . 4A-16
Trim Limit Switch Adjustment . . . . . . . . 4A-16
High Performance Transom
Assembly - Without Electrical
Trim Sender and Trim Limit Switch . . 4A-18
90-863160 MAY 2000
Gimbal Bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shift Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shift Cable Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exhaust Bellows (If Equipped) . . . . . . . . .
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning and Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exhaust Tube (If Equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning and Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Water Hose and Water Fitting . . . . . . . . . .
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Crimp Clamp Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4A-19
4A-19
4A-19
4A-20
4A-22
4A-22
4A-23
4A-27
4A-27
4A-27
4A-28
4A-30
4A-30
4A-30
4A-31
4A-32
4A-32
4A-33
4A-35
Page vii
Section 4B - Service Procedures Requiring Major Disassembly
Bravo Transom Assembly Specifications . 4B-2
Torque Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-2
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives . . . . . 4B-2
Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-2
Bravo Transom Assembly
Exploded Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-4
Inner Transom Plate Components . . . . 4B-4
Bell Housing Components . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-5
Gimbal Ring Components . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-6
Gimbal Housing Components . . . . . . . . 4B-8
Bell Housing Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-10
Access Plug Kit Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-14
Gimbal Ring, Swivel Shaft and
Steering Lever Removal . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-16
Gimbal Ring Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-20
Gimbal Housing Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-26
U-joint Bellows Replacement . . . . . . . . 4B-26
Shift Cable Bellows Replacement . . . .
Exhaust Bellows Replacement . . . . . .
Speedometer Hose Replacement . . . .
Gear Lube Monitor System
Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trim Position Sender and Trim Limit
Switch Wire Replacement . . . . . . . . . .
Gimbal Ring / Swivel Shaft and
Steering Lever Installation . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bell Housing Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Standard Transom Assembly . . . . . . . .
High Performance Transom Assembly
Standard And High Performance
Transom Assemblies . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shift Cable Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bravo Access Plug Drilling Template . . . .
Crimp Clamp Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4B-29
4B-32
4B-34
4B-35
4B-38
4B-39
4B-45
4B-45
4B-46
4B-47
4B-51
4B-55
4B-57
POWER TRIM
Section 5A - Oildyne Power Trim Pump
Trim Pump Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-2
Valve Pressure Specifications . . . . . . . . 5A-2
Electrical Specification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-2
Torque Specification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-2
Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-2
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives . . . . . 5A-2
Trim Pump Exploded View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-3
Oildyne Trim Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-3
Maintaining Power Trim Pump Oil Level . . 5A-4
Air Bleeding Power Trim System . . . . . . . . 5A-5
Bleeding OUT/UP Trim Circuit . . . . . . . . 5A-5
Bleeding IN/DOWN Trim Circuit . . . . . . 5A-5
Testing Power Trim Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-6
Test Gauge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-6
Internal Restriction Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-7
OUT/UP Pressure Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-8
IN/DOWN Pressure Test . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-10
Trim Pump Hydraulic System . . . . . . . . 5A-11
Trim Cylinder Internal Leak Test . . . . . . . . 5A-12
Trim Cylinder Shock Piston Test . . . . . 5A-15
Motor and Electrical Bench Tests . . . . . . . 5A-16
Trim Pump Motor Test (In Boat) . . . . . 5A-16
Trim Pump Motor Test (Out of Boat) . . 5A-18
Solenoid Test (Pump In Boat) . . . . . . . 5A-19
Solenoid Test (Pump Out of Boat) . . . . 5A-20
110 Amp Fuse Test (Pump in Boat) . . 5A-22
110 Amp Fuse Test (Pump
Out of Boat) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-22
20 Amp Fuse Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-23
Trim Pump Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-23
Page viii
Hydraulic Repair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Filter Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
UP Pressure Relief
Valve Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DOWN Pressure Relief
Valve Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Thermal Relief Valve Replacement . . .
Pump Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adapter Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adapter Repair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pump Shaft Oil Seal Replacement . . .
Motor Repair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Armature Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Continuity Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test for Shorts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning Commutator . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Field Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test for Open Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test for Short in Field . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Thermal Switch Continuity Test . . . . . .
Brush Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trim Pump Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trim Pump Wiring Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . .
Model With Three-Button
Trim/Trailer Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Model With Trim In Handle and
Trailer Switch Separate . . . . . . . . . . . .
5A-25
5A-25
5A-27
5A-28
5A-29
5A-30
5A-30
5A-31
5A-33
5A-37
5A-39
5A-39
5A-42
5A-42
5A-43
5A-43
5A-43
5A-43
5A-44
5A-45
5A-46
5A-49
5A-55
5A-56
5A-56
5A-57
90-863160 MAY 2000
Section 5B - Trim Cylinders
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Torque Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives . . . . .
Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trim Cylinder Exploded Views . . . . . . . . . . .
Bravo Trim Cylinders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bravo Trim System Components . . . . . .
Power Trim Hydraulic Schematic . . . . . . . .
Special Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bravo Three Notice: Trim-In
Limit Insert . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5B-2
5B-2
5B-2
5B-2
5B-3
5B-3
5B-4
5B-5
5B-6
Trim Cylinder Internal Leak Test . . . . . . . . . 5B-7
Trim Cylinder Shock Piston Test . . . . . . . . . 5B-7
Trim Cylinder Repair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-7
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-7
Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-9
Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-14
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-21
5B-6
Section 5C - Dual Power Trim Control
Important Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Testing Dual Power Trim System . . . . . . . .
Relay Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diode Module Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trailer Switch Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starboard Trim Switch Test . . . . . . . . . .
Port Trim Switch Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dual Power Trim System Component
Repair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Important Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Relay Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5C-2
5C-2
5C-2
5C-3
5C-4
5C-4
5C-4
5C-5
5C-5
5C-5
Diode Module Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-7
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-7
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-7
Trim Control Panel Switch(es)
Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-8
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-8
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-9
Wiring Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-10
Dual Trim Harnesses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-10
Electrical Box Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-11
Section 5D - Auto Trim II
Auto Trim II System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Auto Trim II Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Auto Mode Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
“Manual” Mode Operation . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical System Overload Protection . . .
5D-2
5D-2
5D-2
5D-3
5D-4
5D-6
Auto Trim Limit Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5D-6
Adjusting Sterndrive Unit Trim Angle . . 5D-7
Control Module Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5D-9
Trim Position Indicator Adjustment . . . . . . 5D-10
Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5D-11
STEERING SYSTEMS
Section 6A - Power Steering
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-2
Torque Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-2
Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-2
Lubricants/Sealants/Adhesives . . . . . . . 6A-2
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-3
Control Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-3
Power Steering System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-4
RIGHT TURN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-4
Power Steering System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-5
LEFT TURN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-5
Power Steering System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-6
NEUTRAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-6
Steering Helm and Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-7
Steering Cable Specifications . . . . . . . . 6A-8
Filling and Air Bleeding Power
Steering System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-9
Checking Fluid Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-9
Engine Cold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-9
Filling and Bleeding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-10
90-863160 MAY 2000
Power Steering Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Steering System Pressure Test
Pump Pressure Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Steering Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Flow Control Valve Servicing . . . . . . . .
Pump Shaft Oil Seal Replacement . . .
Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning And Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Multiple Sterndrive Steering
Tie Bar Arrangements . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Determining Tie Bar Length . . . . . . . . .
Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6A-11
6A-11
6A-12
6A-15
6A-17
6A-19
6A-19
6A-20
6A-21
6A-23
6A-26
6A-26
6A-32
6A-33
6A-34
6A-35
6A-35
Page ix
Section 6B - Compact Hydraulic Steering
Important Information About
Thru-Transom Exhaust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Torque Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives . . . . . . .
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing The Steering Cylinder . . . . . . . . .
Filling And Purging The System . . . . . . . . .
Twin Station and/or Twin Cylinder . . . . .
6B-2
6B-2
6B-2
6B-3
6B-4
6B-6
6B-6
Single Station With Single Cylinder . . . . 6B-7
Purging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-8
Connecting The Clevis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-10
Hydraulic Fluid Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-11
Setting Fluid Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-11
Maintaining Fluid Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-11
System Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-11
CORROSION PROTECTION
Section 7A - All Models
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7A-2
Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7A-2
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives . . . . . 7A-2
Continuity Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7A-2
Trim Cylinder Anodes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7A-5
Anodic Plate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7A-6
Bravo One Sterndrive Units . . . . . . . . . . 7A-6
Bravo Two Sterndrive Units . . . . . . . . . . 7A-8
Bravo Three Sterndrive Units . . . . . . . . . 7A-8
Integral MerCathode System . . . . . . . . . . . . 7A-9
Removing Electrode Assembly . . . . . . . 7A-9
Installing Electrode Assembly . . . . . . . . . . 7A-10
Connect Electrical Leads to
Controller Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7A-12
Wiring Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MerCathode Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MerCathode Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Quicksilver Isolator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Corrosion Protection Testing
and Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Equipment Set-Up . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Low Readings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Low Readings (continued) . . . . . . . . . .
High Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Normal Reading But Corrosion
is Evident . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7A-13
7A-13
7A-14
7A-15
7A-15
7A-18
7A-19
7A-20
7A-21
7A-21
ACCESSORIES
Section 8A - All Models
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Torque Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives . . . . .
Power Shift (P/N 38638A4) . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking Vacuum Drop-Off . . . . . . . . . .
Power Shift Cylinder Repair . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Page x
8A-2
8A-2
8A-2
8A-2
8A-2
8A-3
8A-5
8A-6
8A-6
8A-6
8A-9
Shift Cable Replacement and Adjustment
Installation Preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shift Cable Barrel Adjustment . . . . . . .
Installing Input Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing Output Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Attach Dust Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mounting Power Shift Cylinder . . . . . . .
Connecting Vacuum Hose to Engine .
8A-14
8A-14
8A-14
8A-15
8A-16
8A-16
8A-17
8A-17
90-863160 MAY 2000
GENERAL INFORMATION
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
1
Section 1A - General Information
A
Table of Contents
How To Use This Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Page Numbering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Read a Parts Manual . . . . . . . . . . .
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Directional References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Propeller Rotation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sterndrive Unit 10-Hour Break-In Period
(New or With Replacement Gears) . . . . . .
Serial Number Locations and Engine
Designation Decal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1A-2
1A-2
1A-3
1A-4
1A-4
1A-4
1A-5
1A-5
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 1A-1
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
How To Use This Manual
This manual is divided into sections that represent major components and systems. Some
sections are further divided into parts that more fully describe the component. Sections and
parts are listed at front of this manual.
Page Numbering
Two number groups appear at the bottom of each page. Following is an example and
description.
a
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
b c
d
e
f
g
- Section Number
- Section Part
- Page Number
- Manual Part Number
- Revision Number
- Month Printed
- Year Printed
INDEX
Page 1A-2
90-863160 MAY 2000
GENERAL INFORMATION
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
How to Read a Parts Manual
Power Steering Pump Assembly
8
2
10
6
1
4
3
7
9
5
REF.
NO.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
PART NO.
90507A12
36- 95805
73873A1
16- 41877
57- 65607T
32- 806684
25- 89879
25- 806232
13- 35048
61990
SYM. QTY.
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
DESCRIPTION
PUMP ASSEMBLY-Power Steering
CAP
PULLEY
STUD
V-BELT
HOSE-Pressure (FITTINGS ON BOTH ENDS)
O-RING
O-RING
LOCKWASHER (3/8 in.)
CABLE TIE
REF. NO. : Number shown next to part on exploded view
PART NO. : Mercury Part Number for ordering. If NSS (not sold separately) sometimes GM
part number will be given in description column.
QTY. : The quantity that must be ordered.
DESCRIPTION : Description of part, what parts are included with a part (all indented items
come with the main item above the indented parts), serial number information, and special
information.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 1A-3
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Introduction
This comprehensive overhaul and repair manual is designed as a service guide for the
MerCruiser models previously listed. It provides specific information, including procedures
for disassembly, inspection, assembly and adjustment, to enable dealers and service
mechanics to repair these products.
Before attempting repairs, that procedure should first be read through to help understand
the methods and tools used and the cautions and warnings required for safety.
Directional References
Front of boat is bow; rear is stern. Starboard side is right side; port side is left side. In this
service manual, all directional references are given as they appear when viewing boat from
stern, looking toward bow.
AFT or STERN
(REAR)
STARBOARD
(RIGHT)
FORE or BOW
(FRONT)
PORT
(LEFT)
72000
Propeller Rotation
Propeller rotation for sterndrive can be right hand or left hand rotation as viewed from the
aft end of the propeller.
INDEX
Page 1A-4
Right Hand Rotation
Left Hand Rotation
90-863160 MAY 2000
GENERAL INFORMATION
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Sterndrive Unit 10-Hour Break-In Period (New or With
Replacement Gears)
1. Avoid full throttle starts.
2. DO NOT operate at any one constant speed for extended periods of time.
3. DO NOT exceed 75% of full throttle during the first 5 hours. During the next 5 hours,
operate at intermittent full throttle.
4. Drive unit should be shifted into forward gear a minimum of 10 times during break-in,
with run-in time at moderate rpm after each shift.
Serial Number Locations and Engine Designation Decal
a
Transom Assembly Serial Number Location
a - Transom Assembly Serial Number
a
b
Sterndrive Unit Serial Number Location - Port Side Decal
a - Sterndrive Unit Serial Number
b - Sterndrive Unit Gear Ratio
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 1A-5
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
THIS PAGE IS INTENTIONALLY BLANK
INDEX
Page 1A-6
90-863160 MAY 2000
MAINTENANCE
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
1
Section 1B - Maintenance
B
Table of Contents
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives . . . . .
1B-2
Maintenance Schedules . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1B-3
Maintenance Intervals . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1B-3
Gas Sterndrive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1B-3
Routine Maintenance * . . . . . . . . . . . .
1B-3
Gas Sterndrive(Continued) . . . . . . . . . . .
1B-4
Scheduled Maintenance * . . . . . . . . .
1B-4
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1B-5
Torque Specification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1B-5
Fluid Capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1B-5
Lubrication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1B-5
Shift Cable Pivot Points . . . . . . . . . . .
1B-5
Propeller Shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1B-6
Steering System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1B-6
Tie Bar Pivot Points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1B-7
Transom Gimbal Housing Assembly Swivel
Shaft and Gimbal Bearing . . . . . . . . .
1B-7
Checking and Adding Sterndrive Oil . . .
1B-8
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1B-9
Changing Sterndrive Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-10
General Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-12
Maintaining Power Package Exterior Surfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-12
Steering Head and Remote Control Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-12
Checking Quicksilver MerCathode System . .
1B-12
Maintaining Anodic Plate . . . . . . . . . . 1B-12
Boat Bottom Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-12
Anti-fouling Paint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-12
Maintaining Ground Circuit Continuity 1B-13
Power Package Layup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-13
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-13
Sterndrive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-13
Power Package Recommissioning . . . . 1B-14
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-14
Sterndrive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1B-14
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 1B-1
MAINTENANCE
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives
Description
Part Number
Quicksilver 4-Cycle 25W-40 Marine Engine Oil
92-802837A1
SAE 20W, 30W Or 40W Engine Oil
Obtain Locally
Quicksilver High Performance Gear Lube
92-802854A1
Extended Life Ethylene Glycol Antifreeze
Obtain Locally
Quicksilver Special Lubricant 101
92-13872A1
Quicksilver Engine Coupler Spline Grease
92-802869A1
Quicksilver Corrosion Guard Spray
92-802878 55
Quicksilver 2-4-C Marine Lubricant With Teflon
92-825407A3
Quicksilver U-Joint and Gimbal Bearing Grease
92-828052A2
Quicksilver Power Trim And Steering Fluid
92-802880A1
Exxon Unirex EP 2 Grease
Obtain Locally
Quicksilver Hydraulic Fluid
64-826485A1
Texaco H015
92-862014A1
SeaStar Hydraulic Fluid HA5430
Approved Hydraulic
Steering Fluids
Chevron Aviation Fluid A
Mobil Aero HFA
Obtain Locally
Shell Aero 4
Fluid meeting MIL Specification H5606C
INDEX
Page 1B-2
90-863160 MAY 2000
MAINTENANCE
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Maintenance Schedules
Maintenance Intervals
Maintenance intervals and tasks, as shown in this schedule, or as found in previously
printed schedules, are based on an average boating application and environment.
However, individual operating habits and personal maintenance preferences can have an
impact on the suggested intervals. In consideration of these factors, Mercury MerCruiser
has adjusted some maintenance intervals and corresponding tasks to be performed. In
some cases, this may allow for more tasks to be performed in a single visit to the servicing
dealer, rather than multiple visits. Therefore, the boat owner and servicing dealer must
discuss the current Maintenance Schedule and develop appropriate maintenance intervals
to coincide with the individual operating habits, environment and maintenance
requirements.
CAUTION
Always disconnect battery cables from battery BEFORE working around electrical
systems components to prevent injury to yourself and damage to electrical system
should a wire be accidentally shorted.
Gas Sterndrive
Routine Maintenance *
Each
Day
Start
Check crankcase oil (interval can be extended based on experience).
Each
Day
End
Weekly
Every
Two
Months
If operating in salt, brackish or polluted waters, flush cooling system after each use.
Check sterndrive unit oil level, trim pump oil level and steering fluid
level.
Check water pickups for debris or marine growth. Check water
strainer and clean. Check coolant level.
Inspect sterndrive unit anodes and replace if 50 percent eroded.
Inspect fuel pump sight tube (if equipped) and have pump replaced
if fuel is present.
Check battery connections and fluid level.
Lubricate propeller shaft and the retorque nut (if operating in only
freshwater, this maintenance may be extended to every four
months).
Operating in saltwater only: treat engine surface with corrosion
guard.
* Only perform maintenance that applies to your particular power package
Standard Models
Horizon Models
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 1B-3
MAINTENANCE
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Gas Sterndrive(Continued)
Scheduled Maintenance *
Every Every
Every
200
300 Every Every
100
Annu2
5
hours hours
hours or
ally
or 3
or 3 years years
Annually
years years
Touch-up power package paint and spray with Corrosion Guard.
Change crankcase oil and filter.
Change sterndrive unit oil and retorque connection of
gimbal ring to steering shaft.
Replace fuel filter(s).
Check steering system and remote control for loose,
missing or damaged parts. Lubricate cables and linkages.
Inspect U-joints, splines and bellows. Check clamps.
Check engine alignment. Lubricate U-joints splines.
Lubricate gimbal bearing and engine coupler.
Check continuity circuit for loose or damaged connections. Test MerCathode unit output on Bravo Models.
Retorque engine mounts.
Check spark plugs, wires, distributor cap and ignition
timing. Check and adjust idle speed.
Clean flame arrestor and crankcase ventilation hoses.
Replace PCV valve.
Check electrical system for loose, damaged or corroded
fasteners.
Inspect condition and tension of belts.
Check cooling system and exhaust system hose clamps
for tightness. Inspect both systems for damage or leaks.
Disassemble and inspect seawater pump and replace
worn components.
Clean seawater section of closed cooling system.
Clean, inspect and test pressure cap.
Replace coolant.
* Only perform maintenance that applies to your particular power package
Standard Models
Horizon Models
Whichever Occurs First
Interval will be reduced if not using extended life coolant.
Lubricate engine coupler every 50 hours if operated at idle for prolonged periods of time.
INDEX
Page 1B-4
90-863160 MAY 2000
MAINTENANCE
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Specifications
Torque Specification
Fastener Location
lb-in.
lb-ft
Nm
Sterndrive Unit Fill/Drain Plug
40
4.5
Sterndrive Unit Vent Plug
40
4.5
We recommend the use of Quicksilver Maintenance Products where specified.
Fluid Capacities
NOTICE
Unit Of Measurement: U.S. Quarts (Liters)
All capacities are approximate fluid measures.
Model
Sterndrive Unit Oil Capacity
Bravo One
Bravo Two
Bravo Three
88 (2603)
104 (3076)
96 (2839)
Lubrication
Shift Cable Pivot Points
a
22245
a - Pivot Points
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 1B-5
MAINTENANCE
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Propeller Shaft
a
a
a
76910
72239
77047
77046
Bravo One / Bravo Two Sterndrives
a - Propeller Shaft
Bravo Three Sterndrive/ Bravo XZ & XR
Steering System
WARNING
Transom end of steering cable MUST BE fully retracted into cable housing when
lubricating cable. If cable is lubricated while extended, hydraulic lock of cable could
occur.
b
c
a
c
b
71901
76860
Control Valve
a - Steering Cable End
b - Pivot Point
c - Pivot Bolts
d - Adjusting Slots
INDEX
Page 1B-6
90-863160 MAY 2000
MAINTENANCE
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Tie Bar Pivot Points
MODELS WITH CONTROL VALVE MOUNTED ON STARBOARD TRANSOM ASSEMBLY
a
a
22079
22079
Starboard Engine
a - Pivot Point
Port Engine
MODELS WITH CONTROL VALVE MOUNTED ON PORT TRANSOM ASSEMBLY
a
a
22079
Starboard Engine
a - Pivot Point
22079
Port Engine
Transom Gimbal Housing Assembly Swivel Shaft and Gimbal Bearing
b
50072
a - Gimbal Bearing Grease Fitting
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 1B-7
MAINTENANCE
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Checking and Adding Sterndrive Oil
IMPORTANT: Position sterndrive unit in DOWN/IN position so that anti-ventilation
plate is level.
CAUTION
If more than 2 fl. oz. (59 ml) of oil is required to fill sterndrive unit, an oil leak may
exist. Find and correct cause of leak before unit is placed in operation.
NOTE: Sterndrive unit oil level is checked at gear lube monitor.
a
50323
a - Gear Lube Monitor Decal
IMPORTANT: Oil level in gear lube monitor will rise and fall during sterndrive
operation; always check oil level when sterndrive is cool and engine is shut down.
NOTE: Drive oil will purge from gear lube monitor if rubber seal is not in cap.
a
71990
a - Gear Lube Monitor
1. Fill gear lube monitor to FULL line on decal.
2. Ensure rubber seal is in place on square gear lube monitor cap.
3. Install gear lube monitor cap. Tighten cap 1/4 turn after cap contacts seal.
IMPORTANT: Do NOT overtighten cap.
4. Check oil level in gear lube monitor.
INDEX
Page 1B-8
90-863160 MAY 2000
MAINTENANCE
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Inspection
Periodically inspect lubricant for water to ensure that sterndrive unit seals are not leaking.
Check for water at bottom of gear lube monitor. If a water leak is indicated the sterndrive
unit must be resealed.
CAUTION
If more than 2 fl. oz. (59ml) of Quicksilver High Performance Gear Lube is required
to fill gear lube monitor, a seal may be leaking. Find and correct cause of leak before
unit is placed in operation.
IMPORTANT: If sterndrive unit has set overnight or longer, check for water in sterndrive unit, as follows:
1. Bravo I: Trim sterndrive unit to full DOWN/IN position.
a
b
70023
a - Oil Fill/Drain Plug
b - Sealing Washer
2. Bravo II and III: Trim sterndrive unit to full UP/OUT position.
22103
b
a
22101
a - Oil Fill/Drain Plug
b - Sealing Washer
3. Remove fill/drain plug to sample lubricant. If water runs out sterndrive unit is leaking and
must be resealed.
4. Reinstall fill/drain plug. Torque to 40 lb-in. (4.5 Nm).
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 1B-9
MAINTENANCE
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Changing Sterndrive Oil
CAUTION
If any water drains from fill/drain hole a leak in sterndrive unit may exist. Find and
correct cause of leak before placing unit back in operatIon.
CAUTION
DO NOT attempt to fill sterndrive unit through oil vent holes, as air will be trapped
in sterndrive unit and unit will be damaged from lack of lubrication.
1. Bravo I: Trim sterndrive unit to full DOWN/IN position.
a
b
70023
a - Oil Fill/Drain Plug
b - Sealing Washer
2. Bravo II and III: Trim sterndrive unit to full UP/OUT position.
b
22103
a
22101
a - Oil Fill/Drain Plug
b - Sealing Washer
3. Remove sterndrive unit gear lube monitor from bracket.
4. Remove cap, empty contents of gear lube monitor into suitable container and discard.
5. Clean gear lube monitor thoroughly.
INDEX
Page 1B-10
6. Return gear lube monitor to bracket. Do not refill at this time.
90-863160 MAY 2000
MAINTENANCE
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
7. Check condition of hose and hose connections. Replace as necessary.
a
71990
a - Gear Lube Monitor
8. Remove sterndrive unit vent plug and fill/drain plug. Allow lubricant to drain completely.
9. If sterndrive unit is draining in full DOWN/IN position, trim to full UP/OUT position after
draining drain any remaining oil from internal driveshaft housing ledges.
10. Trim sterndrive unit to full DOWN/IN position (with anti-ventilation plate level) to
complete draining process.
c
b
a
a - Oil Vent Plug
b - Sealing Washer
c - Vent Hole
11. Using lubricant pump, fill sterndrive unit through fill/drain hole with lubricant until oil is
even with bottom edge of vent hole.
12. Without removing lubricant pump fitting from fill/drain hole, reinstall oil vent plug and
sealing washer. Torque to 40 lb-in. (4.5 Nm).
13. Continue filling drive until there is one inch of oil in the gear lube monitor.
14. Remove lubricant pump fitting and quickly reinstall fill/drain plug and sealing washer.
Torque to 40 lb-in. (4.5 Nm).
NOTE: Drive oil will purge from square gear lube monitor if rubber seal is not in cap.
15. Fill gear lube monitor to FULL line on decal.
16. Ensure rubber seal is in place on gear lube monitor cap.
17. Install gear lube monitor cap.
IMPORTANT: Do NOT overtighten cap.
18. Check oil level in gear lube monitor.
19. Recheck oil level after first use.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 1B-11
MAINTENANCE
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
General Maintenance
Maintaining Power Package Exterior Surfaces
Entire power package should be sprayed at recommended intervals with Quicksilver
Corrosion Guard. Follow instructions on can for proper application.
Entire power package should be cleaned and external surfaces that have become bare
should be repainted with Quicksilver Primer and Spray Paint at recommended intervals.
Steering Head and Remote Control Maintenance
Lubricate steering head and remote control with 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon. Inspect
steering head and remote control for ease of operation.
Checking Quicksilver MerCathode System
If boat is equipped with a Quicksilver MerCathode System, system should be tested to
ensure that it is providing adequate output to protect underwater metal parts on boat. Test
should be made where boat is moored, using Quicksilver Reference Electrode and Test
Meter. Refer to SECTION 7.
Maintaining Anodic Plate
Each sterndrive unit is equipped with a sacrificial anodic plate to help protect underwater
metal parts from galvanic corrosion. Because of its self-sacrificing nature, anodic plate
MUST BE replaced if eroded 50% or more. Refer to SECTION 7.
Boat Bottom Care
To achieve maximum performance and fuel economy, boat bottom MUST BE kept clean.
Accumulation of marine growth or other foreign matter can greatly reduce boat speed and
increase fuel consumption. To ensure best performance and efficiency, periodically clean
boat bottom in accordance with manufacturer’s recommendations.
In some areas, it may be advisable to paint the bottom to help prevent marine growth. Refer
to the following information for special notes about the use of anti-fouling paints.
Anti-fouling Paint
IMPORTANT: Corrosion damage that results from the improper application of antifouling paint will not be covered by the limited warranty.
Painting Boat Hull or Boat Transom: Anti-fouling paint may be applied to boat hull and
boat transom but you must observe the following precautions:
IMPORTANT: DO NOT paint anodes or MerCathode System reference electrode and
anode, as this will render them ineffective as galvanic corrosion inhibitors.
INDEX
Page 1B-12
90-863160 MAY 2000
MAINTENANCE
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
IMPORTANT: If anti-fouling protection is required for boat hull or boat transom, copper or tin base paints, if not prohibited by law, can be used. If using copper or tin
based anti-fouling paints, observe the following:
•
Avoid an electrical interconnection between the Mercury MerCruiser Product,
Anodic Blocks, or MerCathode System and the paint by allowing a minimum of
1-1/2 in. (40 mm) UNPAINTED area on transom of the boat around these items.
a
b
71176
a - Painted Boat Transom
b - Minimum 1-1/2 in (40 mm) UNPAINTED Area Around Transom Assembly
NOTE: Sterndrive unit and transom assembly can be painted with a good quality marine
paint or an anti-fouling paint that DOES NOT contain copper, tin, or any other material that
could conduct electrical current. Do not paint drain holes, anodes, MerCathode system and
items specified by boat manufacturer.
Maintaining Ground Circuit Continuity
The transom assembly and sterndrive unit are equipped with a ground wire circuit to ensure
good electrical continuity between engine, transom assembly and sterndrive components.
Good continuity is essential for the MerCathode System to function effectively. Refer to
SECTION 7.
Power Package Layup
Engine
Refer to appropriate Engine Service Manual.
Sterndrive
1. Lubricate steering system. Refer to SECTION 6.
2. Lubricate transom gimbal bearing and propeller shaft. Refer to SECTION 4 and
SECTION 1B.
3. Lubricate sterndrive unit U-joint shaft splines and cross bearings. Refer to SECTION 3A.
4. Inspect U-joint bellows for cracks or other signs of deterioration. Check bellows clamps
for tightness. Refer to SECTION 4.
5. Check engine alignment. Refer to Engine Service Manual.
6. Change sterndrive unit oil. Refer to SECTION 1B.
7. Inspect sterndrive for damage. Repair or replace damaged components.
INDEX
8. Clean sterndrive exterior surfaces and repaint any bare metal surfaces with Quicksilver
Primer and Spray Paint. Refer to SECTION 1B.
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 1B-13
MAINTENANCE
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
9. After paint has dried, spray entire sterndrive with Quicksilver Corrosion Guard. Refer to
SECTION 1B.
CAUTION
Store sterndrive unit in the full trim DOWN/IN position. U-joint bellows may develop
a “set” if unit is stored in raised position and may fail when unit is returned to service.
10. If not already done, place sterndrive unit in the full trim DOWN/IN position.
11. Store battery. Refer to battery manufacturer’s instructions.
Power Package Recommissioning
Engine
Refer to appropriate Engine Service Manual.
Sterndrive
1. Perform ALL maintenance specified for completion “Annually” in “Maintenance Chart”
except items which were performed at the time of sterndrive layup.
2. Install fully-charged battery.
3. Clean battery cable clamps and terminals.
4. Reconnect battery cables. Be sure to tighten clamps securely.
5. Apply a thin coat of petroleum based grease to clamps and terminals to help retard
corrosion.
6. After recommissioning and starting engine, check steering system and shift control for
proper operation.
INDEX
Page 1B-14
90-863160 MAY 2000
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
1
Section 1C - Troubleshooting
C
Table of Contents
Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sterndrive Unit Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . .
Sterndrive Unit Will Not Slide Into
Bell Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drive Unit Does Not Shift Into Gear;
Remote Control Shift Handle Moves . .
Drive Unit Does Not Shift Into Gear;
Remote Control Shift Handle Does
Not Move . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drive Unit Shifts Hard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drive Unit In Gear, Will Not Shift
Out Of Gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gear Housing Noise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drive Shaft Housing Noise . . . . . . . . . . .
Drive Shaft Housing Noise
(Continued) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drive Shaft Housing Noise
(Continued) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Shift . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Does Not React . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Binds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Performance Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . .
Low WOT Engine RPM . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
High WOT Engine RPM . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1C-1
1C-2
1C-2
1C-2
1C-2
1C-3
1C-3
1C-3
1C-4
1C-4
1C-5
1C-6
1C-7
1C-7
1C-7
1C-8
1C-8
1C-8
Propeller Ventilating/Cavitating . . . . . . . 1C-8
Poor Boat Performance And/Or Poor
Maneuverability-Bow Too Low . . . . . . . 1C-9
Poor Boat Performance And/Or Poor
Maneuverability-Bow Too High . . . . . . . 1C-9
Power Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-10
Hard Steering - Helm And Cable . . . . . 1C-10
Hard Steering (Engine Running)
- Power Steering System . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-10
Power Steering System External
Fluid Leaks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-10
Compact Hydraulic Steering . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-11
Important Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-11
Helm Becomes Jammed During Filling 1C-11
System Difficult To Fill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-11
Steering Hard To Turn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-11
Helm Unit Bumpy
- Requires Too Many Turns . . . . . . . . . 1C-11
Power Trim Electrical System . . . . . . . . . . 1C-12
Power Trim System Wiring Diagram . . . . 1C-16
Power Trim Hydraulic System . . . . . . . . . . 1C-17
Power Trim Hydraulic Schematic . . . . . . . 1C-21
Auto Trim II Electrical System . . . . . . . . . . 1C-22
Auto Trim II System Wiring Diagram . . . . 1C-28
Corrosion Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1C-29
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 1C-1
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Troubleshooting
This section is a guide for performance and product troubleshooting. Referrals to specific
sections of this manual are made where special tests or repair procedure are to be
performed.
Because of the relationship between Power Package components (engine and sterndrive),
it will be necessary in some cases to simultaneously refer to the appropriate Engine Service
Manual for further troubleshooting information.
Effective troubleshooting is best enhanced by:
•
Personal product knowledge and experience of the trained mechanic/technician.
•
Allowing adequate time for testing and analysis.
•
Utilizing these charts as a “guide” - a starting point.
Sterndrive Unit Troubleshooting
Sterndrive Unit Will Not Slide Into Bell Housing
Cause
Special Instructions
U-joint shaft splines not aligned with
engine coupler splines.
Rotate propeller shaft
COUNTERCLOCKWISE to align
splines.
Engine not aligned.
Check engine alignment.
Gimbal bearing not properly installed.
Check engine alignment to determine
if gimbal bearing is cocked or
improperly installed in gimbal housing.
Damaged U-joint shaft splines and/or
engine coupler splines.
Inspect and replace if necessary.
Drive Unit Does Not Shift Into Gear; Remote Control Shift Handle Moves
NOTE:For additional information on troubleshooting, refer to SECTION 2A and see
“Troubleshooting Shift Problems.”
Cause
Special Instructions
Shift cables improperly adjusted.
Adjust shift cables.
Shift cables not connected.
Install and adjust shift cables.
Inner core wire broken or loose.
Reconnect or replace inner core wire.
INDEX
Page 1C-2
90-863160 MAY 2000
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Drive Unit Does Not Shift Into Gear; Remote Control Shift Handle Does Not
Move
NOTE:For additional information on troubleshooting, refer to SECTION 2A and see
“Troubleshooting Shift Problems.”
Cause
Special Instructions
Control box not properly assembled.
Properly reassemble control box.
Broken or damaged linkage in control
box.
Repair linkage.
Controls improperly adjusted-cable
end guide hitting brass barrel.
Adjust shift cables.
Drive Unit Shifts Hard
NOTE:For additional information on troubleshooting, refer to SECTION 2A and see
“Troubleshooting Shift Problems.”
Cause
Special Instructions
Shift cables improperly adjusted.
Adjust shift cables.
Damaged remote control or drive unit
shift cable.
Replace cable(s) and adjust.
Shift cable too short (sharp bends) or
too long (loops and long bends).
Select and install proper length cable.
Corroded shift cables.
Replace, adjust and check for water
leakage.
Internal wear in remote control box.
Repair as needed.
Shift cable attaching nuts too tight (end
cannot pivot).
Properly install nuts.
Shift cable pivot ends are corroded or
not lubricated.
Clean and lubricate.
Drive Unit In Gear, Will Not Shift Out Of Gear
NOTE:For additional information on troubleshooting, refer to SECTION 2A and see
“Troubleshooting Shift Problems.”
Cause
Special Instructions
Shift cable broken.
Replace cable and adjust.
Cable end not connected in drive unit.
Remove and reinstall drive unit.
Remote control damaged.
Repair or replace remote control.
Internal shift mechanism damage.
Repair or replace as necessary.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 1C-3
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Gear Housing Noise
Cause
Special Instructions
Metal particles in drive unit lubricant.
Disassemble, clean and inspect and
replace necessary components. (Refer
to SECTION 3B, 3C or 3D)
Propeller incorrectly installed.
Inspect mounting hardware. Install
propeller correctly.
Propeller shaft bent.
Inspect and replace if necessary.
(Refer to SECTION 3B, 3C or 3D)
Incorrect gear shimming.
Check gear housing backlash and
pinion gear height. (Refer to SECTION 3B,
3C or 3D)
Worn or damaged gears and/or
bearings caused by impact,
overheating or improper shimming.
Disassemble, inspect and replace. (Refer
to SECTION 3B, 3C or 3D)
Drive Shaft Housing Noise
Cause
Special Instructions
Engine flywheel housing contacting
inner transom plate or exhaust pipe.
Determine cause for interference
(loose engine mounts, transom too
thin, etc.) and correct as necessary.
Propeller with untrue or out-of-balance
blades.
Repair or replace, as required.
Abnormal sterndrive operation.
Instruct operator on proper operating
technique.
U-joint cross and bearing assembly
retaining rings improperly installed or
of incorrect size.
Make sure that proper thickness
retaining rings are used and that rings
are fully seated in u-joint bearing cap
grooves. (Refer to SECTION 3A)
Excessive side-to-side play in U-joint
cross and bearing assemblies.
Replace cross and bearing assembly.
U-joint bearing caps contacting U-joint
bellows retention sleeve.
Make sure proper cross and bearing
assemblies are used. If interference is
severe, replace cross and bearing
assembly and / or sleeve assembly.
U-joint cross and bearings rough.
Replace assemblies. Signs of scoring,
galling or roughness are the result of lack
of lubricant. (Refer to SECTION 3A)
O-rings missing or flattened out on
U-joint shaft causing shaft to rattle
against ID of gimbal bearing.
Install new o-rings. (Refer to SECTION
3A)
INDEX
Page 1C-4
90-863160 MAY 2000
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Drive Shaft Housing Noise (Continued)
Cause
Special Instructions
Worn U-joint shaft splines and/or
engine coupler splines.
Remove U-joint coupling end yoke and
insert into gimbal bearing and engine
coupling. Rotate shaft back and forth.
If play is excessive, replace U-joint
coupling end yoke and/or engine
coupler, as necessary.
Engine alignment incorrect or engine
coupler crooked.
Adjust alignment. Ensure that
alignment tool moves in and out of
coupler freely. After proper alignment
has been obtained, check for a crooked
coupler by rotating engine coupler 1/2 turn
and rechecking alignment. If
proper alignment is no longer
observed, coupler is crooked and must
be replaced. (Refer to SECTION 2)
Replace gimbal bearing. (Refer to
SECTION 4)
Gimbal bearing rough.
IMPORTANT: Gimbal bearing and carrier
MUST BE replaced as an assembly because they are a matched set. Failure to
do this may result in a loose bearing fit in
carrier.
Loose gimbal bearing.
Reinstall bearing assembly using a new
tolerance ring if carrier is loose in
gimbal housing. If bearing is loose in
carrier, bearing assembly must be
replaced. (Refer to SECTION 4)
Gimbal bearing not fully seated in
gimbal housing.
Drive bearing assembly into place.
Excessive clearance between gimbal
ring and gimbal housing. This could
cause misalignment between bell
housing and gimbal housing and also
may allow gimbal ring to vibrate up
and down.
Check and adjust clearance. (Refer to
SECTION 4)
Improperly installed or failed rear
engine mounts. This will affect engine
alignment, but usually is not detectable
with engine alignment tool.
Check for uneven mount height, or
loose or soft mounts. Make sure there
is clearance between flywheel housing
and fiber washer. If no clearance exists,
mounts have probably sagged. Install
mounts correctly or replace, as
necessary.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 1C-5
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Drive Shaft Housing Noise (Continued)
Cause
Boat transom too thin. Thickness: 2
in. (51mm) minimum, 2-1/4 in. (57mm)
maximum.
Boat transom thickness uneven. This
could affect engine to transom
assembly alignment and is usually not
detectable with alignment tool.
Variation: 1/8 in. (3mm) maximum.
Bell housing contacting gimbal ring.
This would cause knocking in the fully
trimmed IN position only.
Special Instructions
Add thickness to transom.
Repair boat as necessary.
Check for soft or split trim cylinder
bushings and loose or worn hinge pin
bushings. (Refer to SECTION 5B)
Stringer height uneven or transom
assembly installed cocked on boat
transom. This will affect engine
alignment, but is usually not detectable
with alignment tool.
Measure the distance between the
engine flywheel housing and the inner
transom plate on both sides. If
distances are uneven, the problem
may be due to uneven stringer height
or a cocked transom assembly. Adjust
the stringer height or relocate the
transom cutout as required.
Weak boat transom or boat bottom
that flexes under power and causes
engine misalignment - this condition
will usually cause engine coupler
failure.
This condition can sometimes be
detected by having someone apply
force to the top of the drive unit while
watching the inner transom plate. If
movement can be observed, the
transom is weak and must be repaired.
Rear engine mount attaching
hardware improperly installed or
missing.
Reinstall hardware correctly.
Engine mounting holes drilled
off-center in inner transom plate
engine supports or engine flywheel
housing
Make sure the holes are equally
spaced fore and aft and are equal
distance from the centerline.
Misalignment between bell housing,
gimbal housing and engine coupler.
Contact your service center and
arrange to have a technical service
representative check the unit using a
special gauge.
INDEX
Page 1C-6
90-863160 MAY 2000
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Power Shift
System Does Not React
Cause
Special Instructions
Vacuum leaks.
With engine running, check for vacuum
leaks. Squirt oil on fitting and hose
connections and on the shift
cylinder-to-end plate joint. If oil is
sucked in at any point, a vacuum leak
exists. Repair leak.
Improper installation.
Reinstall.
System Binds
Cause
Special Instructions
Remote control.
Disconnect input cable at power shift
cylinder. Disconnect throttle cable at
carburetor or injector pump. Operate
remote control. If binding occurs, find
cause of binding in either cable or
remote control and correct binding. If
no binding occurs, check vacuum.
Slow or no shift.
Check vacuum drop-off. If vacuum
drops off to “0” psi in less than 5
seconds, install repair kit.
Cable movement.
Check movement of cable from shift
plate to drive unit including shifting
linkage movement in drive unit for
binding. Replace or adjust shift cable
following procedures in SECTION 2A.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 1C-7
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Performance Troubleshooting
Low WOT Engine RPM
Cause
Special Instructions
Improper drive unit trim angle.
Properly adjust drive unit trim angle.
Damaged propeller.
Repair or replace.
Improper propeller pitch.
Water test boat using a lower pitch
propeller.
Dirty or damaged boat bottom.
Clean and/or resurface boat bottom.
Drive installation too low on transom.
Contact boat manufacturer for
installation specifications.
Permanent “hook” in boat bottom
(some boats are built with a slight
“hook” for correct boat performance).
“Power hook” or weak boat bottom.
Check for a hook in the boat bottom
by placing a straight edge, at least 6 ft.
(2m) long, under the bottom edge of
the transom. If a hook is found,
contact the boat manufacturer.
Water test boat. Boat will perform
normally until hook develops at
high speed, then loss of rpm and
speed will occur. Contact boat
manufacturer.
High WOT Engine RPM
Cause
Special Instructions
Propeller ventilating.
Determine cause for ventilation.
Improper propeller pitch.
Water test boat using a higher pitch
propeller.
Propeller hub slipping.
Replace hub or replace propeller.
Drive installation too high on transom.
Contact boat manufacturer for
installation specifications.
Engine coupler hub spun.
Replace coupler.
Propeller Ventilating/Cavitating
Cause
Special Instructions
Drive unit trimmed too high.
Trim drive unit IN/DOWN.
Incorrect propeller.
Install correct propeller.
INDEX
Page 1C-8
90-863160 MAY 2000
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Poor Boat Performance And/Or Poor Maneuverability-Bow Too Low
Cause
Special Instructions
Improper drive unit trim angle.
Properly adjust drive unit trim angle.
Boat is bow heavy.
Redistribute boat load to stern. If bow
overweight is caused by permanently
installed fuel tank(s), contact the
boat manufacturer.
Boat is underpowered.
Check horsepower to weight ratio.
Contact the boat manufacturer.
Permanent hook in boat bottom
(some boats are built with a slight
hook for correct boat performance).
Power hook or weak boat bottom.
Check for a hook in the boat bottom
by placing a straight edge, at least 6 ft.
(2m) long, under the bottom edge of
the transom. If a hook is found,
contact the boat manufacturer.
Water test boat. Boat will perform
normally until hook develops at high
speed, then loss of rpm and speed
will occur. Contact boat manufacturer.
Poor Boat Performance And/Or Poor Maneuverability-Bow Too High
Cause
Special Instructions
Improper drive unit trim angle.
Properly adjust drive unit trim angle.
Boat is stern heavy.
Redistribute boat load to bow. If stern
overweight is caused by permanently
installed fuel tank(s), contact the
boat manufacturer.
Propeller pitch too high.
Water test the boat using a lower pitch
propeller.
Permanent rocker in boat bottom
(some boats are built with a slight
rocker for correct boat performance).
Power hook or weak boat bottom.
Check for a rocker in the boat bottom
by placing a straight edge, at least 6 ft.
(2m) long, under bottom edge of the
transom. If a rocker is found, contact
the boat manufacturer.
Water test boat. Boat will perform
normally until hook develops at high
speed, then loss of rpm and speed
will occur. Contact boat manufacturer.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 1C-9
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Power Steering
Hard Steering - Helm And Cable
Cause
Special Instructions
Damaged steering cable.
Replace cable. (Refer to SECTION 2)
Steering cable too short (sharp bends)
or too long (loops and long bends).
Select and install proper length cable.
(Refer to SECTION 2A)
Steering cable corroded or not
lubricated.
Lubricate or replace the cable.
Over-lubed cable.
Replace cable.
RideGuide rack or rotary head not
lubricated.
Disassemble and lubricate.
Hard Steering (Engine Running) - Power Steering System
Cause
Special Instructions
Low power steering pump fluid level.
Check fluid level. (Refer to SECTION 6A)
Loose power steering pump drive belt.
Adjust belt tension. (Refer to SECTION
6A)
Air in system.
Cycle to remove air. (Refer to SECTION
6A)
Fluid leak.
Locate and correct source of leak.
(Refer to SECTION 6A)
If the above 4 steps do not solve the
problem, test the power steering
system.
Test power steering system. (Refer to
SECTION 6A)
Power Steering System External Fluid Leaks
Cause
Special Instructions
Pump reservoir leaking at fill cap
(reservoir too full).
Remove fluid to bring to proper level.
Pump reservoir leaking at fill cap (air
or water in fluid).
Locate source of air or water and
correct. Air may enter because of low
reservoir fluid level or internal pump
leak. Test pump. (Refer to SECTION 6A)
Loose hose connections.
Tighten hose connections.
Damaged hose.
Replace hose.
Bad cylinder piston rod seal.
Replace cylinder.
Damaged or worn control valve seals.
Replace cylinder.
Bad power steering pump seals and
O-rings.
Repair pump. (Refer to SECTION 6A)
Cracked or porous metal parts.
Replace part(s).
INDEX
Page 1C-10
90-863160 MAY 2000
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Compact Hydraulic Steering
Important Information
Whenever a troubleshooting solution calls for removal from vessel and/or dismantling of
steering system components, such work must be carried out by a qualified marine
mechanic. The following is offered as a guide only and neither Mercury MerCruiser nor the
helm manufacturer are responsible for any consequences resulting from incorrect repairs.
Most faults occur when the installation instructions are not followed and usually show up
immediately upon filling the system. The most common faults encountered and their likely
cause and solution are provided in the following.
Sometimes when returning the steering wheel from a locked position, a slight resistance
may be felt and a clicking noise may be heard. This should not be mistaken as a fault, as
it is a completely normal situation caused by the releasing of the lockspool in the system.
WARNING
Avoid serious injury or death due to FIRE or EXPLOSION. Be sure that engine compartment is well ventilated and that no gasoline vapors are present to prevent the
possibility of a FIRE or EXPLOSION.
Helm Becomes Jammed During Filling
Cause
Blockage in the line between the helm(s)
and the cylinder(s).
Special Instructions
Make certain that hoses were not kinked
or pinched during installation. If so, the
hose must be removed and replaced.
System Difficult To Fill
Cause
Air in system.
Special Instructions
Review filling instructions.
Steering Hard To Turn
Cause
Special Instructions
Steering cylinder pivot bushings are too
tight or trunion is bent, causing
mechanical binding.
To test, disconnect clevis from steering
lever and turn the steering wheel. If it now
turns easy, correct cause of mechanical
binding. Please note that excessively
loose connections to steering cylinder or
steering lever can also cause mechanical
binding.
Restrictions in hoses.
Find restrictions and correct.
Air in hydraulic fluid.
See filling and purging instructions.
Wrong hydraulic fluid has been used to fill Drain system and fill with approved
steering system.
hydraulic fluid.
Helm Unit Bumpy - Requires Too Many Turns
Cause
Dirt in inlet check of helm pump.
Special Instructions
Replace helm unit.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 1C-11
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Power Trim Electrical System
NOTE:Refer to “Power Trim System Wiring Diagram.”
Power Trim Pump Motor Will Not Run In The OUT/UP Or IN/DOWN Direction
SOLENOIDS DO NOT CLICK
Cause
Special Instructions
Bad electrical connection at the 110 amp
fuse or at the battery or the harness came Check all electrical connection points
unplugged from the pump
Determine cause for the blown fuse
and correct before replacing fuse.
20 amp fuse blown.
NOTE:If fuse blows while trimming OUT/UP
or raising drive unit, problem may be due to
grounded trim limit switch leads. To check
for grounded condition, disconnect trim limit
switch leads at bullet connector 14, 15, 16
and 17. If drive unit can now be raised (using
“Trailer” switch), trim limit switch or leads are
grounded.
Power trim pump battery cables or
wiring harness connections corroded
or loose.
Clean and/or tighten connections 1,
2, 4, 10, 11, 12 and 18 as
necessary.
Trim control wiring harness connector
loose or corroded.
Clean and secure connection 13 as
necessary.
110 amp fuse blown (does not apply to
intermittent problem).
Check for voltage at terminal 4. If no
voltage indicated, determine cause of
blown fuse.
Open circuit in trim control wiring
harness.
Check for battery voltage at terminal
8 while trimming OUT/UP and at
terminal 6 while trimming OUT/UP
If no voltage is indicated, check trim
control for a loose or corroded
connection or a damaged power
supply lead in harness.
Thermal circuit breaker in pump motor
open.
Replace commutator end plate
assembly.
INDEX
Page 1C-12
90-863160 MAY 2000
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Power Trim Pump Motor Will Not Run In The OUT/UP Or IN/DOWN Direction
BOTH SOLENOIDS CLICK
Cause
Special Instructions
Faulty solenoids or loose or corroded
connections.
Check for battery voltage at terminals
5 while trimming
OUT/UP. If no voltage is
indicated, check connections 2, 3,
4 and 5 and/or replace solenoids.
Pump motor brushes stuck, corroded
or worn out.
Clean or replace as required.
Armature commutator dirty.
Clean or replace armature as required.
Armature faulty.
Test for shorted, open or grounded
condition and replace if needed.
Field and frame faulty.
Check for open or grounded condition.
Replace field and frame assembly if
needed.
Water or oil in motor.
Replace motor assembly.
Pump gears frozen.
Replace pump valve body and gear
assembly.
Power trim pump harness or trim
control harness shorted between
OUT/UP and IN/DOWN circuit
(pump trying to run in OUT/UP and
IN/DOWN direction simultaneously).
Disconnect BLU/WHI lead from
solenoid terminal 8. If pump motor
will now run in the OUT/UP
direction, a short in the harness exists.
Repair or replace harness as needed.
Power Trim Pump Motor Runs In The OUT/UP Direction, But Not In The
IN/DOWN Direction
IN/DOWN SOLENOID DOES NOT CLICK
Cause
Special Instructions
Loose or dirty solenoid connections.
Check connections 6 and 7 and
clean and/or tighten as required.
Open IN/DOWN circuit in trim control
or pump wiring harness.
Check for battery voltage at terminal
6 while trimming OUT/UP. If no
voltage is indicated, check for a loose
or corroded OUT/UP circuit
connection, damaged OUT/UP
circuit lead or a faulty OUT/UP trim
switch. Repair or replace as required.
Solenoid faulty.
Replace solenoid.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 1C-13
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Power Trim Pump Motor Runs In The OUT/UP Direction, But Not In The
IN/DOWN Direction
IN/DOWN SOLENOID CLICKS
Cause
Special Instructions
Loose or dirty solenoid connections.
Check connections 4 and 5. Clean
and/or tighten as necessary.
Faulty solenoid.
Check for battery voltage at terminal
5 while trimming IN/DOWN. If no
voltage is indicated, replace solenoid.
Faulty IN/DOWN field winding.
Replace field and frame assembly.
Power Trim Pump Motor Runs In The IN/DOWN Direction, But Not In The
OUT/UP Direction-Both Trim And Trailer Switches InoperativeOUT/UP SOLENOID DOES NOT CLICK
Cause
Special Instructions
Loose or dirty solenoid connections.
Check connections 8 and 9. Clean
and/or tighten as necessary.
Open OUT/UP circuit trim control or
pump wiring harness.
Check for battery voltage at terminal
8 while trimming OUT/UP. If no
voltage is indicated, check for a loose
or corroded OUT/UP circuit connection,
blown fuse (if trim control is
equipped), damaged OUT/UP circuit
lead or a faulty OUT/UP trim switch.
Repair or replace as necessary.
Faulty solenoid.
Replace solenoid.
Power Trim Pump Motor Runs In The IN/DOWN Direction, But Not In The
OUT/UP Direction-Both Trim And Trailer Switches Inoperative
OUT/UP SOLENOID CLICKS
Cause
Special Instructions
Loose or dirty solenoid connections.
Check connections 2 and 3. Clean
and/or tighten as necessary.
Faulty solenoid.
Check for battery voltage at terminal
3 while trimming OUT/UP. If no
voltage is indicated, replace solenoid.
Faulty OUT/UP field winding.
Replace solenoid.
INDEX
Page 1C-14
90-863160 MAY 2000
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Trim Control OUT/UP Trim Switch Inoperative
TRAILER SWITCH OPERATES
Cause
Special Instructions
Trim limit switch lead bullet connectors
loose or corroded.
Clean and/or tighten connections 14,
15, 16 and 17 as necessary.
Faulty trim limit switch or leads.
Disconnect trim limit switch leads from
trim harness. Connect a continuity
meter between leads 16 and 17.
Continuity should be indicated with
drive unit in full IN/DOWN position. If
not, check for damaged leads or poor
connections. If this is not the cause,
replace limit switch.
Open trim control OUT/UP circuit.
Check for a loose or corroded OUT/UP
circuit connection, damaged OUT/UP
circuit lead or faulty OUT/UP trim
switch. Repair or replace as necessary.
Trim Control Trailer Switch Inoperative
TRIM OUT/UP SWITCH FUNCTIONS
Cause
Open trim control trailer circuit.
Special Instructions
Check for a faulty trailer switch, loose
or corroded connections or damaged
trailer circuit lead.
Trim System Functions While Unattended
Cause
Special Instructions
Faulty trim or trailer switch.
Replace switch.
Shorted trim pump harness or trim
control harness.
Repair or replace as required.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 1C-15
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Power Trim System Wiring Diagram
12
11
18
b
10
8
9
a
c
3
1
2
d
f
4
13
e
5
7
6
g
h
17
15
16
14
BLK
BLU
BRN
GRY
GRN
ORN
PNK
PUR
RED
TAN
WHT
YEL
LIT
DRK
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
BLACK
BLUE
BROWN
GRAY
GREEN
ORANGE
PINK
PURPLE
RED
TAN
WHITE
YELLOW
LIGHT
DARK
77103
NOTE:Numbered callouts refer to Power Trim Electrical System Troubleshooting Chart.
a - 20 Amp Fuse
b - Ground Bolt (Floor Mount)
c - UP Solenoid
d - 110 Amp Fuse
e - DOWN Solenoid
f - Trim/Trailer Switch
g - Neutral Switch to Instrument Wiring Harness
h - Trim Limit Switch
INDEX
Page 1C-16
90-863160 MAY 2000
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Power Trim Hydraulic System
NOTE:Refer to “Power Trim Hydraulic Schematic.”
Drive Unit Cannot Be Trimmed OUT/UP Or Trims Slowly Or With Jerky
Movements
Cause
Special Instructions
Power trim pump oil level low.
Check for cause of low oil level and
correct. Add oil and bleed trim system.
Air in trim system.
Check for cause of entry and correct.
Add oil to pump and bleed air from
system.
O-rings damaged on Manual Release
Valve (if equipped) or valve not
completely closed.
Replace valve and/or close completely.
Insufficient pump pressure or pump.
shuttle valve stuck.
Test. If shuttle 1 is stuck, replace
pump adaptor (Refer to SECTION 5A). If
pressure is low, replace adaptor or
attempt to repair by replacing the
following components:
D OUT/UP Pressure Relief Valve
D Thermal Relief Valve
Hoses reversed on one cylinder only.
Connect hoses 7 and 8 correctly.
Trim cylinder(s) binding.
Check for cause of binding (bent
piston rod, scored cylinder).
Repair or replace as necessary.
Gimbal housing-to-trim pump hydraulic
hose pinched.
Replace hose 7.
Up pressure relief valve has dirt
particles under check ball.
Replace with a new valve kit.
Drive Unit Will Not Stay In Trimmed OUT/UP Position
Cause
Special Instructions
Air in trim system.
Check for cause of entry. Fill and bleed
system.
Shuttle valve (poppet valve).
Check for dirt. Install new poppet
valve.
Sterndrive Unit Trails OUT/UP On Deceleration Or When Shifting Into Reverse
UNIT THUMPS WHEN SHIFTING
Cause
Trim pump IN/DOWN circuit leaking
internally.
Special Instructions
Test according to appropriate service
manual. Replace adaptor or attempt to
repair by replacing the pilot check
valves or seals. (Install Trim Pump
Rebuild Kit)
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 1C-17
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Oil Foams Out Of Pump Fill/Vent Screw
Cause
Special Instructions
Contaminated oil.
Flush system with clean oil refill pump
and bleed trim system.
Oil level low.
Check for cause of low oil level and
correct. Add oil to pump and bleed
system.
Sterndrive Unit Cannot Be Lowered From UP Position Or Lowers With Jerky
Movements
Cause
Special Instructions
Air in trim system.
Check for cause of entry. Fill and
bleed trim system.
Low oil level.
Add oil.
Insufficient IN/DOWN pressure or
shuttle valve stuck.
Test. If shuttle 1 is stuck, replace
pump adaptor. (Refer to SECTION 5A) If
pressure is low, replace adaptor or
attempt to repair by replacing the
following items:
D IN/DOWN pressure relief valve 1
Trim cylinder(s) binding.
Check for cause of binding. Repair or
replace as necessary.
Gimbal housing-to-trim pump hydraulic
hose pinched.
Replace hose 8.
Hoses reversed on one trim cylinder
only.
Reconnect hoses correctly.
Drive unit binding in gimbal ring.
Check for cause of binding and
replace.
Down pressure relief valve (6) has dirt
particles under check ball.
Replace with a new valve kit.
Sterndrive Unit Will Not Stay In Full UP Position For Extended Periods
Cause
Special Instructions
External leakage.
Check for cause and correct. Add oil to
pump and bleed trim system.
Pump OUT/UP circuit leaking
internally.
Test. (Refer to SECTION 5A) Replace
adaptor 2 or attempt to repair by
replacing the following:
D Thermal relief valve 4
D Poppet valve seals 9
Trim cylinder(s) leaking internally and
pump DOWN circuit leaking internally
(both must be faulty to cause this
problem).
Rebuild cylinders 5 Repair or
replace adaptor 2 as required.
INDEX
Page 1C-18
90-863160 MAY 2000
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Sterndrive Will Not Stay In The Trimmed OUT/UP Position When Underway
Cause
Special Instructions
Air in trim system.
Check for cause of entry. Fill and bleed
system.
Leaky poppet valve.
Install repair kit for poppet valve 1.
Sterndrive Unit Trails OUT/UP On Deceleration Or When Shifting Into Reverse
UNIT THUMPS WHEN SHIFTING
Cause
Special Instructions
Trim cylinders(s) leaking internally.
Test. (Refer to SECTION 5A) Rebuild or
replace cylinders as necessary.
Trim pump IN/DOWN circuit leaking
internally.
Test. (Refer to SECTION 5A) Replace
adaptor or attempt to repair by
replacing the following:
D Pilot check valves or seals 9
D Install trim pump rebuild kit
Oil Foams Out Of Pump Fill/Vent Screw
Cause
Special Instructions
Contaminated oil.
Flush system with clean oil refill pump
and bleed trim system.
Oil level low.
Check for cause of low oil level and
correct. Add oil to pump and bleed
system.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 1C-19
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Trim Motor Runs But Does Not Pump Oil
Cause
Special Instructions
Broken coupler between the pump and the
Replace the coupler.
motor.
Plugged pick-up screens.
Replace pick-up screens.
Trim Pump Runs Slowly In Both Directions
Cause
Check the condition of the oil It may be
contaminated and thick like honey.
Special Instructions
Remove the reservoir and clean out the
contaminated oil.
Trim Pump Runs Slowly With A Laboring Sound
Cause
A possible tight adaptor pump gear or
water or oil in the motor.
Special Instructions
Replace the pump assembly in the
adaptor or replace the electric motor
assembly.
INDEX
Page 1C-20
90-863160 MAY 2000
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Power Trim Hydraulic Schematic
9
1
2
4
3
6
5
8
7
5
73552
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
- Shuttle
- Pump Adaptor
- UP/OUT Pressure Relief Valve
- Thermal Relief Valve
- Trim Cylinder
- IN/DOWN Pressure Relief Valve
- UP/OUT Hose
- IN/DOWN Hose
- Poppet Valves
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 1C-21
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Auto Trim II Electrical System
NOTE:Refer to “Auto Trim II System Wiring Diagram.”
Pump Motor Will Not Run UP Or DOWN In Either Manual Or Auto Mode
SOLENOIDS CLICK
Cause
Special Instructions
Pump positive battery cable
connection loose or corroded.
Check cable 14.
110 amp fuse blown or loose or
corroded solenoid connection.
Check for voltage at terminal 5.
Pump motor brushes stuck, corroded
or worn out.
Clean or replace.
Armature commutator dirty.
Clean or replace.
Armature faulty.
Test and replace if bad.
Field and frame faulty.
Test and replace if bad.
Pump gears frozen.
Replace pump.
Trim harness shorted between UP
and DOWN circuit.
Disconnect blue-white lead 2 from
solenoid terminal. If pump motor will
now run in the DOWN direction, a
short in the harness is indicated.
INDEX
Page 1C-22
90-863160 MAY 2000
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
SOLENOIDS DO NOT CLICK
Cause
Special Instructions
Pump negative battery cable loose,
corroded or damaged.
Check cable 13 for damage or a loose or
corroded connection.
Mode switch wiring harness connector
is loose at pump.
Secure connection 47.
Faulty thermal circuit breaker in pump
motor.
Open circuit in mode switch wiring
harness.
Connect a jumper wire between
terminals 1 and 7. If pump now
operates, circuit breaker is faulty and
field and frame assembly must be
replaced.
With ignition switch in RUN position
and mode switch in MANUAL mode,
check for voltage at terminal 8 while
trimming UP and terminal 12 while
trimming DOWN. If no voltage is
indicated, refer to items 5 and 6
immediately following.
No power to mode switch.
Check for voltage at terminal 25 (with
ignition switch in RUN position). If no
voltage is indicated, check power lead
for a poor connection.
Faulty mode switch.
Check for voltage at terminal 24 (with
mode switch in AUTO mode) and
terminal 26 (with switch in the
MANUAL mode). Replace switch if no
voltage is indicated.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 1C-23
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Pump Motor Will Not Stop Running Down In Auto Mode
TRIM UP/OUT SWITCH AND TRAILER SWITCH INOPERATIVE IN MANUAL MODE
NOTE:An internal timer in the control module stops the pump motor 50 seconds after this
problem condition occurs.
Cause
Special Instructions
Loose or dirty solenoid connection.
Check connections 7 and 8.
Faulty solenoid.
Check for voltage at terminal 8 while
trimming UP (in MANUAL mode). If
voltage exists, an open condition in
solenoid is indicated and solenoid
must be replaced. If no voltage is
indicated, refer to steps 3 through 6
following.
Loose or corroded trim limit switch
lead connections.
Check connections 32 and 36.
Faulty trim limit switch.
Disconnect trim limit switch leads 32
and 36 and connect a continuity
meter between leads. Continuity
should exist with drive unit in DOWN
position. If not, readjust or replace
switch as necessary.
Open circuit in wiring harness.
Check leads 30, 35, 46 and 2
for loose or corroded connections or
damage.
Faulty control module.
Replace.
Pump Motor Will Not Run Up Or Down In Auto Mode
MANUAL MODE FUNCTIONS PROPERLY
Cause
Special Instructions
Control module 20 amp fuse blown.
Determine cause for blown fuse and
correct before replacing fuse.
Open in control module battery cables
or wiring harness.
Check cables 16 and 18 and lead
20.
Faulty mode switch.
Check for voltage at terminal 24 and
25 with switch in AUTO mode. If
voltage exists at terminal 25, but not
24, switch is faulty.
Faulty control module.
Replace.
INDEX
Page 1C-24
90-863160 MAY 2000
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Trim System Completely Inoperative In Manual Mode
AUTO MODE FUNCTIONS PROPERLY
Cause
Special Instructions
Faulty mode switch.
Check for voltage at terminal 26 with
mode switch in MANUAL mode. If no
voltage is indicated, replace switch.
Open circuit in wiring harness.
Check leads 27 and 33 for loose or
corroded connections or damage.
Pump Motor Will Run UP, But Not DOWN In Both Manual And Auto Modes
DOWN SOLENOID DOES NOT CLICK
Cause
Special Instructions
Loose or dirty solenoid connections.
Check connections 4, 7 and 12.
Faulty mode switch or open in DOWN
circuit.
Check for voltage at terminal 12
while trimming Down (in MANUAL
mode). If no voltage is indicated,
repeat test at terminal 22 and 23. If
voltage exists at terminal 23, but not
at 22, switch is faulty. If voltage is
present at terminal 22, check leads
3 and 48 and connector 47 for an
open condition.
Faulty DOWN solenoid.
Replace.
DOWN SOLENOID CLICKS
Cause
Special Instructions
Loose or dirty solenoid connections.
Check connections 10 and 11.
Faulty solenoid.
Check for voltage at terminal 11 while
trimming Down (in MANUAL mode). If
no voltage is indicated, replace
solenoid.
Faulty DOWN field winding.
Replace field and frame.
Pump Motor Runs DOWN, But Not UP In Both The Manual And Auto Modes
UP SOLENOID CLICKS
Cause
Special Instructions
Loose or dirty solenoid connections.
Check connections 5 and 6.
Faulty solenoid.
Check for voltage at terminal 6 while
trimming UP. If no voltage is
indicated, replace solenoid.
Faulty UP field winding.
Replace field and frame.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 1C-25
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Pump Motor Will Run DOWN, But Not UP In Auto Mode
MANUAL MODE FUNCTIONS PROPERLY
Cause
Special Instructions
Open circuit in control module sense
lead.
Check lead 17 for loose or corroded
connections or damage.
Faulty control module.
Replace.
Pump Motor Will Run UP, But Not DOWN In Auto Mode
MANUAL MODE FUNCTIONS PROPERLY
Cause
Faulty mode switch.
Open circuit in wiring.
Faulty control module.
Special Instructions
Check for voltage at terminal 21 and
22 while turning ignition switch to
RUN position (in AUTO mode). If
voltage exists at 21 but not at 22,
switch is faulty.
Check lead 19 for a loose or
corroded connection or damage.
Replace.
Trim DOWN/IN Switch Inoperative In Manual Trim Control
TRIM UP/OUT SWITCH AND TRAILER SWITCH FUNCTION, AUTO MODE FUNCTIONS
PROPERLY
Cause
Faulty DOWN switch in manual trim
control.
Open circuit in wiring harness.
Faulty mode switch.
Special Instructions
Check for voltage at terminal 38
while trimming DOWN (in MANUAL
mode). If no voltage is indicated,
switch is faulty.
Check for voltage at terminal 23
while trimming DOWN. If no voltage is
present, check leads 28 and 34 for
a loose or corroded connection or
damage.
Check for voltage at terminal 22
while trimming DOWN. If no voltage
exists, switch is faulty.
INDEX
Page 1C-26
90-863160 MAY 2000
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Trim UP/OUT Switch Inoperative In Manual Trim Control
TRIM DOWN/IN SWITCH FUNCTIONS, AUTO MODE FUNCTIONS PROPERLY
Cause
Special Instructions
Trim 20 amp fuse “43” blown (if
equipped).
Determine cause for blown fuse and
correct before replacing fuse.
Open in power supply lead to trim and
trailer switch.
Check voltage at terminal 44. If no
voltage is indicated, check lead 45
for a poor connection or damage.
Faulty trim UP/OUT switch (applies
only to trim controls where it is
necessary to actuate trim UP switch in
order for trailer switch to function).
Check for voltage at terminal 40
while actuating trim UP/OUT switch.
Replace switch if no voltage is
indicated.
Trailer Switch In Manual, Trim Control Inoperative
TRIM UP/OUT SWITCH FUNCTIONS
Cause
Special Instructions
Faulty trailer switch.
Check for voltage at terminal 41 and
42 while actuating trailer switch. If
voltage exists at terminal 42, but not
at terminal 41, a faulty switch is
indicated. If no voltage exists at
terminal 42, check power supply lead
for an opening.
Opening in wiring.
Check lead 39 for damage or a
loosened or corroded connection.
Boat Is On Plane Well Before Drive Unit Begins To Trim Out
Cause
Special Instructions
Control module adjustment incorrect.
Adjust. (Refer to SECTION 5)
Faulty control module.
Replace control module.
Boat Is Not On Plane Before Drive Unit Begins To Trim Out
Cause
Special Instructions
Control module adjustment incorrect.
Adjust. (Refer to SECTION 5)
Faulty control module.
Replace control module.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 1C-27
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Auto Trim II System Wiring Diagram
18
1
14
8
7
6
2
5
9
13
47
10
12
3
4
48
11
46
41
39
42
24
43
40
45
37
27
34
38
36
21
22
25
44
33
19
23
26
15
16
20
28
29
30
31
17
32
35
22178
INDEX
Page 1C-28
90-863160 MAY 2000
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Corrosion Protection
NOTE:Refer to “MerCathode Controller Wiring Diagram.”
Corrosion On Underwater Parts, Without MerCathode Or Impressed Current
Protection
Cause
Special Instructions
Sacrificial anode(s) consumed.
Replace anode(s) when 50%
consumed.
Stainless steel propeller installed.
Add MerCathode (impressed current
protection) or additional sacrificial
anodes.
Sacrificial anode(s) not grounded to
drive.
Remove anode(s), clean contact
surface, reinstall and check continuity.
Loss of continuity between underwater
parts & ground.
Provide good ground connections.
Shore power causing overload of
anode(s) and/or MerCathode.
Disconnect shore power or install
Quicksilver isolator.
Paint on drive heavily worn
(exposing more metal).
Prime and repaint and/or install
additional anode(s).
Sacrificial anode(s) painted.
Remove paint or replace anode(s).
Drive tilted so far that anode(s) are out
of the water.
Leave drive down, install additional
anode (below waterline) or transom
mount a MerCathode.
Only power trim cylinders are corroded.
Provide good ground to drive. All parts
must be grounded.
Corrosion in area of exhaust outlets.
Exhaust deposits can cause
corrosion.
Remove deposits with marine or auto
wax.
Corrosion occurring after unit removed
from saltwater.
Wash exterior and flush interior with
fresh water.
Corrosion and/or salt build up between
mating parts.
Exclude moisture from between mating
parts with Quicksilver 2-4-C with Teflon.
Stainless Steel parts corroding:
Tightly wrapped fishing line or foreign
material excludes oxygen, causing
corrosion.
Iron particles, such as from a wire brush,
cause rusting.
Propeller pitting can occur if electrical
continuity is lost.
Clean parts, remove foreign material,
ensure continuity.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 1C-29
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Corrosion On Underwater Parts, With MerCathode Or Impressed Current
Protection
DRIVE CORRODING
Cause
Special Instructions
Poor connection between reference
electrode (BRN) lead or anode
(ORN) lead and MerCathode
controller.
Clean and/or tighten connection.
Repair wiring.
Faulty MerCathode reference
electrode.
Disconnect reference electrode lead
(BRN) from the controller “R”
terminal. Connect the lead to positive
(+) terminal of a digital multi-meter (set
on 0-2000 millivolt scale). Connect
negative (–) meter lead to negative (–)
battery terminal. Note meter reading;
then repeat the test with a test
silver/silver chloride reference
electrode held behind the drive. The
same reading should be obtained in
both cases. If not, replace the
reference electrode.
Faulty MerCathode controller.
With anode and reference electrode
leads connected to controller, connect
a jumper wire between “R” and
negative(–) terminals on controller.
Connect positive (+) lead of volt meter (set
on 0-20 scale) to “A” terminal on controller.
Connect the negative (–) meter lead to the
negative (–) controller terminal. Reading
should be as follows:
D Freshwater Areas = 11.5 volts
minimum
D Seawater Areas = 3.55 volts
minimum
If the reading is low, replace the
controller.
Too much cathode (such as stainless
steel).
MerCathode system overpowered by
large quantity of stainless steel below
the waterline.
Loss of continuity between sterndrive
components and ground.
Ensure continuity (check continuity
wires and washers).
Sacrificial anodes consumed, painted
or inoperative.
Replace anodes.
MerCathode reference electrode or
anode painted.
Remove paint or replace anode or
MerCathode reference electrode.
INDEX
Page 1C-30
90-863160 MAY 2000
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
DRIVE CORRODING - CONTINUED
Cause
No power to MerCathode controller.
Special Instructions
Connect positive (+) lead of volt meter
(set on 0-20 volt scale) to positive (+)
terminal on the controller and negative
(-) volt meter lead to negative (-)
terminal. Meter should indicate battery
voltage. Check for blown fuse (if
equipped) on a standard MerCathode
system. Clean the connection or repair
wiring as required.
Check the fuse in the hot lead.
Check battery.
MerCathode system not functioning
Check for loose connections at
controller and battery
Check the grounding wire between
the drive and the controller.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 1C-31
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Corrosion On Underwater Parts, With MerCathode Or Impressed Current
Protection
DRIVE OVER-PROTECTED
Cause
Faulty MerCathode reference
electrode.
Faulty MerCathode controller.
Stray current corrosion (electrical
current leaves a metal conductor and
creates a path through the water).
Poor connection between the
MerCathode reference electrode lead
(BRN) and the “R” terminal on the
controller.
Special Instructions
Disconnect reference electrode lead
(BRN) from “R” terminal on controller.
Connect the lead to the positive (+)
terminal of a digital multimeter (set on
0-2000 millivolt scale). Connect the
negative (-) meter lead to the negative
(-) battery terminal. Note the meter
reading; then repeat the test with a
test silver/silver chloride reference
electrode held behind the drive. The
same reading should be obtained in
both cases. If not, replace the
reference electrode.
Check controller output. If the hull
potential indicates overprotection,
remove the reference electrode
lead from the controller. If the
controller is off (no impressed
current called for) the voltage
between the negative (BLK) and
the anode should be less than 1
volt. Measure amperage; with the
reference electrode disconnected,
the amperage between the negative on
the controller and the anode terminal
should be less than 1 milli-amp. Replace
the controller if needed.
Disconnect electrical components one
at a time and observe the multimeter
reading until you eliminate the high
reading. Correct the source of the
stray current.
Clean and/or tighten the connection.
Repair wiring as needed.
Check the fuse in the hot lead.
Check the battery.
MerCathode system not functioning.
Check for loose connections at
controller and battery.
Check the grounding wire between
the sterndrive and the controller.
INDEX
Page 1C-32
90-863160 MAY 2000
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Testing Procedure for Corrosion Protection
1. Unplug shore power (if equipped).
2. Measure hull potential with silver/silver chloride reference electrode and digital volt/ohm
meter.
READINGS
Saltwater
Freshwater
Potential
Diagnosis
Below 850 millivolts
Drive is corroding.
(Refer to “Drive Corroding”)
Between 850 - 1100
millivolts
Drive is protected
Above 1100 millivolts
Drive is overprotected.
(Refer to “Drive Corroding”)
Potential
Diagnosis
Below 750 millivolts
Drive is corroding.
(Refer to “Drive Corroding”)
Between 750 - 1050
millivolts
Drive is protected
Above 1050 millivolts
Drive is overprotected.
(Refer to “Drive Corroding”)
CORROSION SYMPTOMS
•
Paint blistering (usually on sharp edges)
•
Loosely adhering white corrosion products on exposed aluminum surfaces (do not
confuse these with tenaciously clinging calcium carbonate deposits)
•
Aluminum pitting
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 1C-33
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
MerCathode Controller
a
b
c
73596
a - Controller
b - 20 Amp Fuse
c - Electrode
INDEX
Page 1C-34
90-863160 MAY 2000
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
THIS PAGE IS INTENTIONALLY BLANK
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 1C-35
TROUBLESHOOTING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
THIS PAGE IS INTENTIONALLY BLANK
INDEX
Page 1C-36
90-863160 MAY 2000
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
Section 2A - All Models
Table of Contents
Torque Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives . . . . . . .
Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transom Thickness and Surface . . . . . . . .
Special Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bravo Three Notice:
Trim-In Limit Insert . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2
2A-2
2A-2
2A-2
2A-3
2A-4
2A-4
Sterndrive Unit Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2A-6
Transom Assembly Removal . . . . . . . . . . . 2A-8
Transom Assembly Installation . . . . . . . . . 2A-12
Sterndrive Unit Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . 2A-22
Shift Cable Installation
and Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2A-29
Troubleshooting Shift Problems . . . . . 2A-33
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 2A-1
A
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Torque Specifications
NOTE: Securely tighten all fasteners not listed below.
Fastener Location
lb-ft
Nm
Exhaust Pipe to Gimbal Housing Screws
23
31
Block Off Plate to Gimbal Housing Screws
23
31
55
75
Propeller Nut
1
Drive Unit Shift Cable Locknut
lb-in.
Tighten Nut Until It
Contacts Flat Washer, Then Loosen 1
Turn
Steering Cable Coupler Nut
35
48
Steering System Pivot Bolts
25
34
Transom Assembly Attaching Screws and
Nuts
23
31
23
31
50
68
Power Steering Hydraulic Hose Fittings
Sterndrive Unit to Bell Housing Attaching
Nuts
1:
Amount specified is MINIMUM.
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives
Description
Quicksilver 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with
Teflon
Part Number
92-825407A12
Quicksilver Special Lubricant 101
92-13872A1
Perfect Seal
92-34227-1
Liquid Neoprene
92-25711--3
Quicksilver Anti-Corrosion Grease
92-78376A6
Quicksilver Engine Coupler Spline Grease
92-816391A4
Special Lubricant 101
92–13872A1
Tools
Description
Shift Cable Adjustment Tool
Engine Alignment Tool Assembly
Part Number
91-12427
91-805475A1
INDEX
Page 2A-2
90-863160 MAY 2000
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Transom Thickness and Surface
IMPORTANT: Transom thickness and surface plane (flatness) must be controlled
where the sterndrive unit mounts.
Transom thickness and surface must conform to the following:
Transom Specifications
Thickness
Between 2 - 2-1/4 in. (51 - 57 mm)
Parallelism
Inner and outer surfaces must be parallel within 1/8 in. (3 mm)
Flatness
Transom surfaces in area where transom assembly will be
mounted (includes vertical as well as horizontal dimensions):
Inner Surface – Flat within1/8 in. (3 mm)
Outer Surface – Flat within1/16 in. (2 mm)
Angle
10 -16 Degrees
e
a
b
d
d
c
72700
22170
a
b
c
d
e
- Transom Thickness
- Inner Surface
- Outer Surface
- Transom Plate Coverage
- Transom Angle
b
a
c
70004
75479
a - Measuring Thickness
b - Measuring Surface Flatness
c - Suitable Mandrel To Check For Uniform Transom Thickness.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 2A-3
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Special Information
Bravo Three Notice: Trim-In Limit Insert
It has been brought to our attention that some boats (predominantly deep-V heavy boats)
will roll up on their side under certain, specific, operating conditions. The roll can be to either
port or starboard and may be experienced while moving straight ahead or while making a
turn. The roll occurs most frequently at or near maximum speed, with the sterndrive unit
trimmed at or near full IN. While the boat will not roll completely over, the roll may be
sufficient to unseat the operator or passengers and thereby create an unsafe situation.
The roll is caused by stern lift. Stern lift can be created by excessive sterndrive unit trim IN.
Under these extreme stern lift/bow down conditions instability can be created that may
cause the boat to roll. Weight distribution to the stern can reduce stern lift and, in some
circumstances, eliminate the condition. Weight distribution in the bow, port or starboard,
may worsen the condition.
The trim-in limit device reduces stern lift by preventing the sterndrive unit from reaching the
last few degrees of full trim under. While this device should reduce the rolling tendency, they
may not eliminate the tendency entirely. The need for the trim-in insert, and the
effectiveness of them, can only be determined through boat testing and is ultimately the
responsibility of the boat manufacturer.
WARNING
It is recommended that only qualified personnel adjust the Trim-In Limit Insert. Boat
must be water tested after adjusting the device to ensure that the modified trim IN
range does not cause the boat to exhibit an undesirable boat handling characteristic if the sterndrive unit is trimmed IN at higher speeds. Increased trim IN range may
cause handling problems on some boats which could result in personal injury.
IMPORTANT: On Bravo One, Two and Three Models, the Trim-In Limit Insert, must be
properly positioned before installing the trim cylinder anchor pin in the following
steps.
NOTE: When removing the sterndrive unit, make a note of the position of the insert for
reference when reinstalling the sterndrive unit.
INDEX
Page 2A-4
90-863160 MAY 2000
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
1. Ensure that the Trim-In Limit Insert is positioned as shown for the appropriate Bravo
model.
a
75157
Bravo One and Two (Positioned Forward)
a
75158
Bravo Three (Positioned Aft)
a - Trim-In Limit Insert
IMPORTANT: The position of the Trim-In Limit Insert on the Bravo Three sterndrive
unit should only be changed after the boat has been properly tested. Contact the boat
manufacturer if you are not sure of the original position for a particular boat
application.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 2A-5
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Sterndrive Unit Removal
1. Shift remote control into neutral.
2. Place the drive unit to the full UP/OUT position.
CAUTION
Avoid speedometer hose fitting damage. Disconnect the speedometer hose fitting
from the drive shaft housing before removing the sterndrive unit.
3. Disconnect the speedometer hose fitting from the drive shaft housing.
22025
4. Place the drive unit to the full DOWN/IN position and remove the power trim cylinder
from the aft end of the drive shaft housing.
c
d
b
a
22029
a
b
c
d
- End Cap
- Nut
- Flat Washer
- Bushing
INDEX
Page 2A-6
90-863160 MAY 2000
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
5. Remove the locknuts holding the sterndrive onto the bell housing, then remove the
sterndrive unit.
b
a
22031
a - Locknuts (6) And Flat Washers (5)
b - Ground Plate (Flat Washer Not Used Here)
d
c
22025
c - Shift Linkage Jaws
d - Shift Cable End
6. Ensure the shift cable linkage jaws open and release the shift cable end.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 2A-7
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Transom Assembly Removal
1. Remove engine (Refer to appropriate engine service manual).
2. Completely disconnect the power steering assembly.
a. Disconnect the rear clevis pin from the steering lever.
b. Disconnect forward clevis pin from steering cable end.
c. Holds flats on cable guide in vertical position with suitable wrench. Loosen coupler
nut and remove steering cable.
a
b
f
d
c
e
i
g
71901
h
73901
Control Valve
a - Rear Clevis Pin
b - Clevis
c - Cotter Pins
d - Steering Cable End
e - Cable Guide
f - Forward Clevis Pin
g - Coupler Nut
h - Flats
i - Suitable Wrench
d. Bend tab washer tabs down and away from pivot bolt heads.
e. Remove the pivot bolts.
a
b
71901
a - Pivot Bolts
b - Control Valve
INDEX
Page 2A-8
f.
Remove the power steering control valve.
90-863160 MAY 2000
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
3. Disconnect trim limit switch wires.
4. Remove power trim pump hydraulic hoses and disconnect trim limit switch wires. Cap
hoses and plug pump fitting holes.
c
b
a
76631
a - Sta-Strap
b - Trim Limit Switch Wires
c - Hydraulic Hoses
5. Remove exhaust pipe.
NOTE: For through transom exhaust, it is not necessary to remove the block-off plate unless
the gasket/mating surface is leaking or the exhaust system is to be modified.
a
a
b
b
22028
a - Exhaust Pipe
b - Bolts (4)
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 2A-9
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
6. Remove the continuity wire from the steering lever.
b
c
a
22028
a - Steering Lever
b - Screw
c - Continuity Wire
7. Disconnect the speedometer hoses.
a
70015
a - Speedometer Fitting
8. Remove seawater intake hose.
b
a
d
c
a
b
c
d
76636
- Seawater Intake Hose
- Seawater Pickup Outlet
- Bolts and Star Washers
- Gear Lube Monitor Hose
9. Remove seawater pickup outlet.
10. Remove gear lube monitor hose.
INDEX
Page 2A-10
90-863160 MAY 2000
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
11. On Diesel Models with Water Bypass Fitting - Remove fitting.
a
72045
a - Water Bypass Fitting
12. Remove transom locknuts and washers.
a
a
73902
a - Locknuts and Washers (8)
13. Separate the inner transom plate from the gimbal housing assembly.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 2A-11
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Transom Assembly Installation
CAUTION
Avoid continuity wire failure. Position the steering lever ground wire as shown or
the wire may fatigue and break.
b
c
a
22028
a - Steering Lever
b - Transom Plate
c - Continuity Wire
1. Install the transom assembly. Tighten locknuts evenly, starting from the center and
working outward. Torque to 23 lb-ft (31 Nm).
g
e
f
a
d
a
a
b
h
c
73902
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
- Locknuts and Flat Washers
- Power Trim Hoses
- MerCathode Wires
- Continuity Wire
- Trim Limit And Trim Position Sender Wires
- Grounding Bolt
- Speedometer Connection
- Shift Cable
INDEX
Page 2A-12
90-863160 MAY 2000
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
IMPORTANT: Hose must not come in contact with steering system components or the
engine coupler and drive shaft.
2.
Connect gear lube monitor hose.
3. Install water inlet fitting with gasket. Torque bolts and star washers to 45 lb-in. (5 Nm).
c
a
d
b
a
b
c
d
76640
- Hose To Gear Lube Monitor
- Hose Clamp
- Water Inlet Fitting
- Bolts And Star Washers
4. On Some Models: The gear lube hose may be routed toward the port side of the engine.
Secure the hose at the top side of the water fitting using the hose clip as shown. Torque
bolts and star washers to 45 lb-in. (5 Nm).
b
c
a
d
76635
a
b
c
d
- Gear Lube Monitor Hose
- Hose Clip
- Water Hose Fitting
- Bolts And Star Washers
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 2A-13
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
5. On D7.3L Diesel Models with Water Bypass Fitting - Apply Perfect Seal to threads
and install fitting. Tighten securely and position as shown.
a
76656
a - Water Bypass Fitting
6. Connect water hoses to appropriate fittings. Tighten hose clamps securely.
b
a
76641
a - Seawater Hose To Engine Seawater Pump
b - Seawater Pickup Hose
7. Connect the speedometer hose to the speedometer fitting.
a
70015
a - Speedometer Fitting
INDEX
Page 2A-14
90-863160 MAY 2000
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
IMPORTANT: Exhaust pipe or block-off plate and gimbal housing mating surface,
must be clean and free of nicks and scratches and O-ring must be properly seated
in groove, or water may leak into boat.
b
a
76639
a - Mating Surface
b - O-Ring
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 2A-15
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
8. Through the prop exhaust models: Install exhaust pipe. Torque bolts to 23 lb-ft
(31 Nm).
a
b
22028
Typical V6 and V8 Gasoline Engines
a - Exhaust Pipe
b - Bolts (4)
b
76657
a
71945
Typical Diesel Engine
a - Exhaust Pipe
b - Bolts (4)
INDEX
Page 2A-16
90-863160 MAY 2000
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
9. Through the transom exhaust models: Install exhaust block-off plate, if removed.
Torque bolts to 23 lb-ft (31 Nm).
b
a
76638
a - Block-Off Plate
b - Bolts
IMPORTANT: Make hydraulic hose connections as quick as possible to prevent oil
from leaking out of the system.
CAUTION
Installing trim pump hoses improperly can damage the hose fittings and cause
leaks or loose lines. Do not cross thread or overtighten the hose fittings.
10. Connect the power trim pump hydraulic hoses. Torque both hose fittings to 125 lb-in.
(14 Nm).
a
b
76631
a - DOWN Pressure Hydraulic Line (GRY)
b - DOWN Pressure Hydraulic Line (BLK)
11. Install engine refer to the appropriate engine service manual.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 2A-17
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
12. Connect the power steering assembly to the transom.
a. Lubricate bushings with Special Lubricant 101.
a
71901
a - Bushings
b. Slide the power steering cylinder bushings between the transom mounting brackets.
Tighten the two pivot bolts by hand. At the same time, move the steering assembly
slightly to ensure proper pin engagement into the pivot bushings.
c. Ensure that the washer tangs straddle the ridges on the inner transom plate.
a
b
b
a
22033
a - Pivot Bolt
b - Washer Tang
d. Torque the pivot bolts to 25 lb-ft (34 Nm). Bend the washer tabs against the
corresponding flats on both pivot bolt heads.
e. Make sure the power steering control valve pivots freely.
13. Connect the power steering clevis to the steering lever.
a. Lubricate the clevis pins with Special Lubricant 101.
b. Install the clevis pin in the clevis from the top.
c. Secure the pin in the clevis with a cotter pin. Spread the cotter pin ends.
14. Lubricate the steering cable end with a liberal amount of Special Lubricant 101 and
install the cable through the guide.
15. Start the coupler nut on the tube. Do not tighten at this time.
INDEX
Page 2A-18
90-863160 MAY 2000
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
16. Connect the cable end to the clevis with the forward clevis pin. Secure the pin in the
clevis with a cotter pin. Spread the cotter pin ends.
a
b
f
d
e
g
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
c
71901
- Rear Clevis Pin
- Clevis
- Cotter Pin
- Steering Cable End
- Cable Guide
- Forward Clevis Pin
- Coupler Nut
17. Using a suitable wrench hold the flat surfaces on the cable guide tube in the vertical
position.
IMPORTANT: Be certain the flat surfaces are still aligned vertically after torque is
applied to coupler nut.
18. Torque the coupler nut to 35 lb-ft (48 Nm).
a
73901
a - Flat Surface On Guide Tube
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 2A-19
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
19. Attach both hydraulic hose fittings.
a. Torque both fittings to 23 lb-ft (31 Nm). Route hoses as appropriate to avoid contact
with the steering system components.
a
b
73860
Models With One Hose Routed Behind Power Steering Control Valve
a - Rear Pressure Hose
b - Front Return Hose
a
b
74248
Models With Both Hoses Routed Behind Power Steering Control Valve Toward
Starboard Side
a - Rear Pressure Hose
b - Front Return Hose
a
b
73786
Models With Both Hoses Routed Over Transom Plate
a - Rear Pressure Hose
b - Front Return Hose
20. Connect the trim sender leads from the gimbal housing to leads from the engine
harness.
a
b
24841
a - Bullet Connectors - From Engine Harness
b - Bullet Connectors - From Transom Assembly
INDEX
Page 2A-20
90-863160 MAY 2000
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
21. Connect the MerCathode wires at the MerCathode controller.
a
a
b
c
d
b
c
d
22232
- ORN Lead - From Electrode on Transom Assembly
- RED/PUR Lead - Connect (Other End) To Positive (+) Battery Terminal
- BLK Lead - From Engine Harness
- BRN Lead - From Electrode On Transom Assembly
22. Apply a thin coat of Liquid Neoprene to all electrical connections.
23. Connect the trim limit switch wires.
b
a
76631
a - Sta-Strap
b - Trim Limit Switch Wires
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 2A-21
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Sterndrive Unit Installation
1. Install and align the engine. Refer to the appropriate engine service manual.
NOTE: If the engine was removed and the shift cable was disconnected, reinstall and adjust
the shift cable before proceeding.
2. Place the remote control shift lever in the neutral position.
3. Lubricate the bell housing studs with Quicksilver 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon.
a
a
76674
a - Bell Housing Studs
4. Lubricate the U-joint shaft splines and the O-rings with Quicksilver Engine Coupler
Spline Grease.
b
a
22026
a - U-Joint Shaft Splines
b - U-Joint Shaft O-Rings
INDEX
Page 2A-22
90-863160 MAY 2000
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
IMPORTANT: The edge of the U-joint bellows acts as a seal between the bell housing
and the drive shaft housing. Ensure that the surface is not damaged.
a
24725
a - Drive Shaft Bellows Edge
5. Inspect the U-joint bellows for cracks, nicks, and cleanliness. Replace or clean the
bellows as necessary.
6. Lubricate the O-ring seals on the face of the drive shaft housing.
a
22031
a - O-Ring Seals
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 2A-23
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
7. Pull out the shift linkage as far as possible. The jaws will open. Lubricate the underside
of the lower lip of the shift linkage assembly with Quicksilver Special Lubricant 101.
b
a
c
c
22025
a - Shift Linkage Assembly
b - Jaws Open
c - Underside of Lower Lip
8. Ensure that shift lever is in the neutral position.
IMPORTANT: As you are inserting the sterndrive unit into the bell housing, the
entrance of the bell housing shift cable must be closely checked to ensure that the
cable enters the Jaws of the shift linkage assembly in the sterndrive unit.
NOTE: As the shift cable enters the shift linkage assembly, it pushes the assembly back into
the drive shaft housing and the jaw closes securing the cable as shown in a, b and c (below).
a
b
c
22025
Shift Linkage Assembly and Shift Cable
INDEX
Page 2A-24
90-863160 MAY 2000
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
NOTE: If the shift cable does not line up to properly enter the shift linkage jaws, use your
hand to guide the cable into place while installing the sterndrive unit.
a
b
22025
a - Shift Linkage Jaws
b - Shift Cable
9. Install the sterndrive unit.
a. Position the trim cylinders so that they point straight backwards (aft).
b. Align the U–joint shaft with the bell housing bore. Make sure the studs on the bell
housing align with the appropriate holes on the sterndrive unit.
c. Guide the U-joint shaft through the gimbal bearing and into the engine coupler. Make
sure that the shift linkage jaws engage with the shift cable.
d. If necessary, rotate the propeller shaft slightly to align the U-joint shaft splines with
the engine coupler splines, then slide the sterndrive unit completely into the bell
housing.
e. Rotate the propeller shaft slightly to ensure that the sterndrive unit is still in neutral
once installed.
10. Fasten the sterndrive unit to the bell housing. Start from the center and torque the nuts
to 50 lb-ft (68 Nm).
b
a
a
22031
a - Locknuts (6) and Flat Washers (5)
b - Ground Plate (Flat Washer Not Used Here)
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 2A-25
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
IMPORTANT: On Bravo One, Two and Three Models, the Trim-In Limit Insert must be
properly positioned before installing the trim cylinder anchor pin in the following
steps.
NOTE: Ensure that the Trim-In Limit Insert is reinstalled in the same position that it was in
prior to removal of the sterndrive unit. If you are not sure of it’s original position, contact the
boat manufacturer for their recommendation. Refer to “Special Information” at the front of
this section before reinstalling the Trim-In Limit Insert.
11. Ensure that the Trim-In Limit Insert is positioned as shown for the appropriate Bravo
model.
a
75157
Bravo One and Two (Positioned Forward)
a - Trim-In Limit Insert
a
75158
Bravo Three (Positioned Aft)
a - Trim-In Limit Insert
IMPORTANT: The position of the Trim-In Limit Insert on the Bravo Three sterndrive
unit should only be changed after the boat has been properly tested. Contact the boat
manufacturer if you are not sure of the original position for a particular boat
application.
12. Insert the aft anchor pin through the hole in the drive shaft housing.
INDEX
Page 2A-26
90-863160 MAY 2000
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
13. Place a large I.D. flat washer and bushing on each end of the anchor pin. Be sure to
install the bushings with the small diameter end facing outward.
b
a
c
c
22029
a - Anchor Pin
b - Large I.D. Washers
c - Bushings
14. Loosen the nuts which secure the trim cylinders to the forward anchor pins. Move the
cylinder pivot ends outward and place them over the aft anchor pin.
15. Place the bushings (with the smaller diameter end facing inward) and the small I.D. flat
washers onto each end of the anchor pin. Install locknuts.
16. Tighten the forward and aft anchor pin locknuts until the locknuts and washers contact
against anchor pin shoulder.
17. Attach the trim cylinder caps hand tight. If the caps will not catch the threads, recheck
the tightness of the anchor pin nuts.
c
a
b
e
d
22029
a
b
c
d
e
- Trim Cylinder Pivot Ends
- Bushing
- Small I.D. Flat Washer
- Locknut
- Trim Cylinder Cap
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 2A-27
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
18. Attach the speedometer hose fitting to the sterndrive unit.
a. Raise the sterndrive unit to gain access to the area between the gimbal housing and
the sterndrive unit. Locate the opening in the forward end of the anti-ventilation plate.
b. Insert the speedometer hose fitting into the opening.
a
b
22025
a - Speedometer Hose Fitting
b - Opening
c. With the fitting fully seated, turn the handle clockwise to a tightly seated position.
a
22025
a - Speedometer Hose Fitting Installed (Handle Pointing Forward)
INDEX
Page 2A-28
90-863160 MAY 2000
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Shift Cable Installation and Adjustment
NOTE: Using Adjustment Tool (91-12427), shift cables can be adjusted with or without the
sterndrive installed.
IMPORTANT: Front propeller on Bravo Three sterndrive unit is always LH rotation and
rear propeller is always RH rotation. Shift cable end guide must move in direction
“A”, when control lever is placed in FORWARD gear position.
A
71656
BRAVO THREE
IMPORTANT: For Bravo One and Two sterndrive unit propeller rotation is determined
by the shift cable installation in the remote control.
•
If shift cable end guide moves in direction “A,” when control lever is placed in
Forward, remote control is setup for RIGHT HAND (RH) propeller rotation.
•
If shift cable end guide moves in direction “B,” when control lever is placed in
Forward, remote control is setup for LEFT HAND (LH) propeller rotation.
A
B
22024
BRAVO ONE AND TWO
IMPORTANT: When installing shift cables, be sure that cables are routed in such a
way as to avoid sharp bends and/or contact with moving parts. DO NOT fasten any
items to shift cables.
1. Install shift cable into remote control. Refer to remote control manufacturer’s
instructions.
2. Loosen stud and move it to dimension, as shown. Retighten stud.
b
a
71657
a - Stud
b - 3 In. (Center of Pivot Bolt to Center of Stud)
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 2A-29
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
3. Install sterndrive unit shift cable.
a
b
c
71658
a - Washers (2)
b - Locknut-Tighten Until Contact, Then Loosen 1 Turn
c - Cotter Pin-Insert from Top and Spread Both Ends
4. Place adjustment tool over sterndrive unit shift cable, as shown. Hold tool in place over
the barrel retainer with a piece of tape.
71659
5. Locate center of remote control and control cable play (backlash).
a. Shift remote control to NEUTRAL.
b. Push in on control cable end with enough pressure to remove play, and mark
position “a” on tube.
c. Pull out on control cable end with enough pressure to remove play and mark position
“b” on tube.
d. Measure distance between marks “a” and “b”. Then, mark position “c” half-way
between marks “a” and “b.”
c
b
a
71656
IMPORTANT: Be sure to keep center mark “c” aligned with control cable end guide
edge when making the following adjustment.
INDEX
Page 2A-30
90-863160 MAY 2000
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
6. Adjust control cable as follows:
a. Temporarily install control cable end guide into shift lever and insert anchor pin.
b. Adjust control cable barrel so that hole in barrel centers with vertical centerline of
stud. Ensure that backlash center mark is aligned with edge of control cable end
guide.
CAUTION
DO NOT attempt to install or remove control cable barrel from stud, without first
removing end guide anchor pin from shift lever, and removing cable. Attempting to
bend control cable to install or remove barrel, will place undue stress on cable end
guide and shift lever, and damage to both could occur.
c. Remove control cable end guide from shift lever, by removing anchor pin.
b
a
c
d
e
71660
a
b
c
d
e
- Control Cable End Guide
- Anchor Pin
- Backlash Center
- Control Cable Barrel
- Stud
7. Install control cable. Tighten locknut until it bottoms out. Spread both ends of cotter pin.
b
a
c
d
71661
a
b
c
d
- Locknut
- Washers-Both Sides of Barrel
- Anchor Pin
- Cotter Pin
8. Remove adjustment tool.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 2A-31
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
9. Shift remote control lever into full forward position. Rear slot in tool should fit over shift
lever stud.
RH ROTATION BRAVO ONE AND TWO, AND ALL BRAVO THREE MODELS: Rear slot
in tool should fit over shift lever stud.
LH ROTATION BRAVO ONE AND TWO MODELS: Forward slot in tool should fit over shift
lever stud.
If slot does not fit over stud, loosen shift lever stud and slide stud up or down, until slot in
tool fits over stud. When adjustment is correct, retighten stud.
d
a
c
b
23345
RH Rotation Bravo One And Two, And All Bravo Three Models
d
c
a
b
23345
LH Rotation Bravo One And Two Models
a - Adjustment Tool
b - Barrel Retainer
c - Shift Lever Stud
d - Shift Lever Adjustment Slot
10. Remove adjustment tool.
11. Lubricate shift cable pivot points with 30W oil.
INDEX
Page 2A-32
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
Troubleshooting Shift Problems
NOTE: The following information is provided to assist an installer in troubleshooting, if hard
shifting or chucking/racheting is encountered when shifting into forward gear.
1. When installing the control box in the side panel of the boat, make sure that the cables
have enough clearance to operate. This is necessary because the cables move up and
down when the shift handle is moved. If the control box is mounted too far back towards
any fiberglass structure, the cables will be interfered with, this will cause very hard
shifting.
NOTE: The control box housing can be rotated in 30° increments to improve cable routing.
74688
Proper Cable Bend
74689
Improper Cable Bend
2. Make sure that when the shift cable from the control box is lead through the side gunnel
of the hull, that it does not have any extremely sharp bends in it as this will cause the
stiff shifting.
3. Before installing the shift cable into the control box, extend the stainless rod eye end of
the cable and grease it with 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon. Move it back and forth
to allow even distribution of the grease.
22005
INDEX
4. Do not strap or clamp the control cables to any other cables or rigid structure within three
feet of the control box.
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 2A-33
REMOVAL, INSTALLATION AND ADJUSTMENTS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
5. Be sure the cable is not permanently kinked.
6. Make sure there is proper clearance for cable movement when the control box is
installed in the side panel. The cables must have room to move up and down when the
control handle is shifted into either forward or reverse.
7. Check to make sure that the engine was not set down on the intermediate shift cable
during installation, as this will crush the inner cable tubing and cause improper and / or
stiff shifting.
8. DO NOT fasten the shift cable with straps or clamps to any other cable within five feet
of the shift plate.
9. DO NOT fasten the shift cable to the transom with any type of plastic clips or fasteners
within five feet of the shift plate.
10. DO NOT overtighten the throttle or shift cable attaching nuts at the engine end. Barrel
and cable end must be free to rotate on the mounting stud.
11. Check the intermediate shift cable routing from the transom assembly to the shift plate
as follows:
a. V6 and V8 (except 7.4L) Models: The cable should route above the exhaust pipe
and below starboard rear engine mount then turn toward the starboard side of the
boat between the exhaust pipe and the engine flywheel housing.
b. 7.4L MPI Models:The cable should route under the starboard rear engine mount
and turn toward the transom between the starboard rear engine mount and the
exhaust pipe.
c. The cable should then route behind the power steering valve and loop over to the
shift plate on the engine and connect to the anchor points on the shift plate.
Following this routing will prevent the engine coupler from damaging the cable.
74904
75767
V6 and V8 (except 7.4L) Models
7.4L MPI Models
INDEX
Page 2A-34
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
STERNDRIVE UNIT
Section 3A - Drive Shaft Housing
Table of Contents
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-2
Torque Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-2
Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-2
Bearing Preloads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-3
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives . . . . . 3A-3
Drive Shaft Housing Exploded View . . . . . 3A-4
Complete Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-4
Exploded Parts View (Clutch) . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-6
Exploded Parts View (Shifter) . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-7
Standard Bravo U-joint Assembly . . . . . 3A-8
Bravo X, XZ, XR and Diesel
Bravo U-joint Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-9
Drive Shaft Housing and Gear
Case Separation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-10
Drive Unit Gear Ratio Identification . . 3A-10
Bravo One . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-10
Bravo Two . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-10
Bravo Three . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-11
Bravo XZ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-11
Bravo XR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-12
Diesel Bravo One X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-12
Diesel Bravo Two X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-12
Diesel Bravo Three X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-13
Separate Housings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-14
Drive Shaft Housing Disassembly . . . . . . 3A-17
Shifter Repair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3A-22
Shifter Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shifter Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U-Joint and Pinion Gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gear Disassembly,
Inspection and Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . .
Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drive Shaft Housing and Top Cover Bearings and Bearing Sleeves . . . . . . . .
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bearing Sleeve Removal (Top Cover)
Bearing Sleeve Removal
(Drive Shaft Housing) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Roller Bearing Removal . . . . . . . . . . . .
Steel Bearing Adaptor Removal . . . . .
Steel Bearing Adaptor Installation . . .
Bearing Sleeve Installation . . . . . . . . .
Roller Bearing Installation . . . . . . . . . .
Drive Shaft Housing Reassembly . . . . . .
Install Gear Housing To Drive
Shaft Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3A-25
3A-26
3A-30
3A-30
3A-30
3A-34
3A-42
3A-42
3A-44
3A-44
3A-47
3A-47
3A-47
3A-48
3A-49
3A-51
3A-52
3A-53
3A-54
3A-55
3A-66
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-1
3
A
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Specifications
Torque Specifications
Fastener Location
Shift Cam Assembly Locknuts
lb-in.
Nm
lb-ft
80
U-joint Bearing Retainer Nut
9
200
271
Shift Cam Assembly to Shifter Shaft
Screw
110
13
Shift Linkage to Shifter Shaft, Screw
110
13
Top Cover Screws
20
27
Back Cover Screws
20
27
Drive Shaft Housing to Gear Housing Nuts
and Screw
35
32
Anodic Plate Screw
23
32
Oil Vent Plug
40
Steel Bearing Adaptor
4
175
237
Tools
Description
Torque Wrench (lb-in.)
Slide Hammer Puller
Part Number
91-66274
91-34569A1
U-joint Bearing Retainer Wrench
91-17256
Spanner Wrench For L-18 U-joint Bearing
Retainer
91-862219
Replacement Pin Set For L-18 Spanner
Wrench
91-862218
Clutch Assembly Stand
91-17301T1
Shift Handle Tool
91-17302
Bearing Removal Tool
91-17273
Bearing and Seal Driver Assembly
91-17275A1
Bearing Driver
91-813653T
Driver and Puller Assembly
91-90244A1
U-joint Press Adaptor
91-38756
Universal Puller Plate
91-37241
Steel Bearing Adaptor Socket
91-862531
Steel Bearing Adaptor Needle Bearing and
Outer Race Installation Tool
91-862530
INDEX
Page 3A-2
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Bearing Preloads
Description
lb-in.
Nm
U-joint Bearings (New)
8
.9
U-joint Bearings (Used)*
5
.6
* Bearings are used if spun once under load.
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives
Description
Part Number
Quicksilver 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon
92-825407A1
3M Brand Adhesive
92-86166-Q1
Quicksilver Needle Bearing Assembly Lubricant
92-825265A1
Quicksilver Special Lubricant 101
92-13872A1
Quicksilver High Performance Gear Lube
92-850743A1
Quicksilver U-Joint and Gimbal Bearing Grease
92-828052A2
Perfect Seal
92-34227-1
Loctite 271
91-809820
Loctite 277
Obtain Locally
Exxon Unirex EP2 Grease
Obtain Locally
Permalock 115
Obtain Locally
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-3
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Drive Shaft Housing Exploded View
Complete Housing
E
9
2
3
10
1
11
4
B
5
35
D
12
13
6
7
8
15
A
14
17
29
23
22
18
C
30
16
19
21
20
F
A
24
28
25
31
33
34
32
F
27
26
76799
INDEX
Page 3A-4
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
1 - Top Cover
2 - Screw (4)
3 - Flat Washer (4)
4 - O-ring
5 - Bearing Sleeve
6 - Needle Bearing
7 - Thrust Race (Shim)
8 - Thrust Bearing
9 - Clutch Assembly
10 - Thrust Bearing
11 - Thrust Race (shim)
12 - Needle Bearing
13 - Bearing Sleeve
14 - O-ring
15 - O-ring
16 - O-ring
17 - Shifter Shaft Bushing-Upper
18 - Shifter Shaft Bushing-Lower
19 - Shifter Shaft Seal
20 - Vent Plug Seal
21 - Vent Plug
22 - O-ring
23 - U-joint Assembly
24 - Drive Shaft Housing
25 - Stud (4)
26 - Flat Washer (4)
27 - Locknut (4)
28 - Plastic Plug
29 - Shifter Assembly
30 - O-ring
31 - Ball Detent Canister
32 - Back Cover
33 - Flat Washer (3)
34 - Screw (3)
35 - Steel Bearing Adapter (Bravo X, XZ,
XR and Diesel Bravo)
A
- 3M Brand Adhesive
B
- Quicksilver Needle Bearing Assembly Lubricant
C
- Loctite 271
D
- Loctite 277
E
- Quicksilver High Performance Gear Lube (Use On All Bearing Surfaces)
F
-Quicksilver Special Lubricant 101
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-5
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Exploded Parts View (Clutch)
1
A
2
3
A
4
8
4
5
6
A
7
5
76668
1
2
3
4
A
- Keepers
- Collar
- Upper Gear Assembly
- Thrust Bearings
5
6
7
8
- Garter Springs
- Clutch
- Lower Gear Assembly
- Shaft
- Quicksilver High Performance Gear Lube
INDEX
Page 3A-6
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Exploded Parts View (Shifter)
2
C
1
3
4
A
5
7
10
6
8
9
11
B
13
12
73363
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
- Socket Screws
- Shifter Shaft
- Screws
- Upper Shift Cam
- Yoke
- Spacers
- Lower Shift Cam
8 - Locknuts
9 - Link Bar
10 - Latch
11 - Shift Lever
12 - Flat Washer
13 - Cotter Pin
A
- Quicksilver High Performance Gear Lube
B
- Quicksilver Special Lubricant 101
C
- Permalock 115
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-7
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Standard Bravo U-joint Assembly
1
10
9
7
5
19
8
D
A
6
C
4
1
2
3
C
A
18
C
16
17
B
16
15
13
11
14
12
1 - Locknut
2 - Washer
3 - Pinion Gear
4 - Bearing (Smaller OD)
5 - Bearing (Smaller ID)
6 - Spacer
7 - Bearing Cup (Larger ID)
8 - Bearing Larger OD)
9 - Sealing Ring
10 - O-Ring
73364
11 - Beveled Washer
12 - Oil Seal
13 - Oil Seal Carrier
14 - Ring Nut
15 - Yoke
16 - Cross and Bearing
17 - Socket
18 - Yoke
19 - O-rings (3)
A
- Quicksilver High Performance Gear Lube
B
- Quicksilver Special Lubricant 101
C
- Quicksilver U-joint and Gimbal Bearing Grease
D
- Engine Coupler Spline Grease
INDEX
Page 3A-8
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Bravo X, XZ, XR and Diesel Bravo U-joint Assembly
A
C
A
8
D
7
6
C
5
4
1
2
18
C
3
17
B
16
15
14
13
12
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
- Locknut
- Washer
- Pinion Gear
- Bearing Cup (Smaller OD)
- Bearing (Smaller ID)
- Spacer
- Bearing Cup (Larger ID)
- Bearing Larger OD)
- Thrust Washer
76856
10 - Oil Seal
11 - O-Ring
12 - Retainer Nut
13 - Yoke
14 - Cross and Bearing
15 - Socket
16 - Cross and Bearing
17 - Yoke
18 - O-rings (3)
A
- Quicksilver High Performance Gear Lube
B
- Quicksilver Special Lubricant 101
C
- Exxon Unirex EP2 Grease
D
- Engine Coupler Spline Grease
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-9
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Drive Shaft Housing and Gear Case Separation
Drive Unit Gear Ratio Identification
All drive unit gear ratios are identified on each drive in two places. It is important to note the
ratio of the drive unit before proceeding with any repairs. The first place to look is on the
decal on the port side of the drive housing. It will have a number such as (1.50R) and then
the seal number. The second place to look will be on the universal joint splined yoke. It will
be identified with a letter such as (F). This method is explained in the following chart. This
will be true for new or un-tampered with drive units. A drive unit could have had the gear ratio
changed for high altitude, which would void out any application of the following charts. The
gear ratio then would have to be determined by counting the teeth on the drive gear and the
driven gear in the drive shaft housing and using the following charts for reference.
Bravo One
U-JOINT IDENTIFICATION
RATIO
U-JOINT SHAFT MARKING
1.65:1
C
1.50:1
F
1.36:1
H
NUMBER OF TEETH PER GEAR - DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
RATIO
DRIVE
DRIVEN
1.65:1
23
30
1.50:1
27
32
1.36:1
27
29
Bravo Two
U-JOINT IDENTIFICATION
RATIO
U-JOINT SHAFT MARKING
2.20:1
C
2.00:1
F
1.81:1
H
1.65:1
T
INDEX
Page 3A-10
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
NUMBER OF TEETH PER GEAR - DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
RATIO
DRIVE
DRIVEN
2.20:1
23
30
2.00:1
27
32
1.81:1
27
29
1.65:1
27
32
1.50:1
27
29
Bravo Three
U-JOINT IDENTIFICATION
RATIO
U-JOINT SHAFT MARKING
2.43:1
N
2.20:1
K
2.00:1
B
1.81:1
G
1.65:1
C
1.50:1
F
1.36:1
P
NUMBER OF TEETH PER GEAR - DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
RATIO
DRIVE
DRIVEN
2.43:1
23
30
2.20:1
23
30
2.00:1
27
32
1.81:1
27
29
1.65:1
27
32
1.50:1
27
32
1.36:1
27
29
Bravo XZ
U-JOINT IDENTIFICATION
RATIO
U-JOINT SHAFT MARKING
1.50:1
Z
1.36:1
T
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-11
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
NUMBER OF TEETH PER GEAR - DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
RATIO
DRIVE
DRIVEN
1.50:1
27
32
1.36:1
27
29
Bravo XR
U-JOINT IDENTIFICATION
RATIO
U-JOINT SHAFT MARKING
1.50:1
R
NUMBER OF TEETH PER GEAR - DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
RATIO
DRIVE
DRIVEN
1.50:1
16
19
Diesel Bravo One X
U-JOINT IDENTIFICATION
RATIO
U-JOINT SHAFT MARKING
1.65:1
C
1.50:1
F
1.36:1
H
NUMBER OF TEETH PER GEAR - DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
RATIO
DRIVE
DRIVEN
1.65:1
23
30
1.50:1
27
32
1.36:1
27
29
Diesel Bravo Two X
U-JOINT IDENTIFICATION
RATIO
U-JOINT SHAFT MARKING
2.20:1
C
2.00:1
F
1.81:1
H
1.65:1
T
INDEX
Page 3A-12
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
NUMBER OF TEETH PER GEAR - DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
RATIO
DRIVE
DRIVEN
2.20:1
23
30
2.00:1
27
32
1.81:1
27
29
1.65:1
27
32
1.50:1
27
29
Diesel Bravo Three X
U-JOINT IDENTIFICATION
RATIO
U-JOINT SHAFT MARKING
2.43:1
N
2.20:1
K
2.00:1
B
1.81:1
G
1.65:1
C
1.50:1
F
1.36:1
P
NUMBER OF TEETH PER GEAR - DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
RATIO
DRIVE
DRIVEN
2.43:1
23
30
2.20:1
23
30
2.00:1
27
32
1.81:1
27
29
1.65:1
27
32
1.50:1
27
32
1.36:1
27
29
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-13
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Separate Housings
1. Remove, empty and clean gear lube monitor.
2. Drain drive unit at location “a” or “b,” as applicable, by removing fill/drain screw.
b
a
22103
a - Fill/Drain Screw (Bravo Two)
b - Fill/Drain Screw (Bravo One)
3. Remove vent plug.
a
50072
a - Vent Screw
4. Bravo One, Bravo XZ, Bravo XR, and Diesel Bravo One X:
a. Remove rubber plug.
a
22093
a - Rubber Plug
INDEX
Page 3A-14
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
b. Remove anodic plate.
a
b
76800
a - Rubber Plug
b - 1/2 in. Bolt
c. Remove gear case from drive shaft housing.
a
b
76801
a - 6 Nuts and Washers (3 Each Side)
b - Bolt (Located In Anodic Cavity)
5. Bravo Two and Diesel Bravo Two X:
a. Remove gear case from drive shaft housing.
a
b
76802
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
a - 6 Nuts and Washers (3 Each Side)
b - Bolt
Page 3A-15
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
6. Bravo Three and Diesel Bravo Three X:
a. Remove gear case from drive shaft housing.
a
b
76803
a - Nuts and Washers (3 Each Side)
b - Bolt (Located In Anodic Plate Cavity)
INDEX
Page 3A-16
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Drive Shaft Housing Disassembly
1. Shift drive unit to the neutral detent position.
2. Remove rear cover by removing screws. Do not replace vent screw until reassembly.
c
a
b
76805
a - Screws
b - Rear Cover
c - Vent Hole
3. Remove shift linkage cap screw.
a
b
76806
a - Shift Linkage Cap Screw
b - Hex Wrench
4. Install shift handle tool into shift lever and shifter shaft to aid in removing shift cam cap
screw.
b
a
c
76807
a - Shift Cam Cap Screw
b - Hex Wrench
c - Shift Handle Tool (91-17302)
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-17
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
5. Remove bolts and lift top cover.
a
b
76835
a - Bolts (4)
b - Cover
6. Install shift handle tool in shifter shaft and lift shaft straight out.
b
a
76836
a - Shift Handle Tool (91-17302)
b - Shifter Shaft
INDEX
Page 3A-18
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
7. Remove shift linkage assembly.
a. Rotate link bar 1/4 turn clockwise.
b. Pull linkage assembly out. If linkage binds; move assembly from side to side while
pulling.
a
76837
a - Shift Linkage
8. Remove yoke and cam assembly.
a
76838
a - Yoke and Cam Assembly
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-19
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
9. Loosen retainer nut and remove pinion and U-joint assembly using U-joint retainer
wrench.
c
a
b
76840
76839
Standard Bravo
a - Retainer Nut
b - U-joint
c - Retainer Nut Wrench (91-17256)
c
a
b
77077
Bravo XZ, XR & Diesel Bravo
a - Retainer Nut
b - U-joint
c - Retainer Nut Wrench (91-862219)
INDEX
Page 3A-20
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
10. Remove upper thrust race (shim) and thrust bearing.
NOTE: In steps 10 and 12, be sure to note proper order and position of thrust races, thrust
bearings and clutch assembly for later reassembly.
a
b
76841
a - Upper Thrust Race
b - Thrust Bearing
11. Remove clutch and gear assembly.
a
76842
a - Clutch and Gear Assembly
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-21
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
12. Remove lower thrust race (shim) and thrust bearing.
b
a
50341
76841
a - Lower Thrust Race
b - Thrust Bearing
Shifter Repair
1. Remove latch from link bar.
a
b
22100
a - Latch
b - Link Bar
2. Remove link bar from shift lever. Discard cotter pin.
b
d
a
c
e
22099
a
b
c
d
e
- Link Bar
- Cotter Pin
- Clevis Pin
- Washer
- Shift Lever
INDEX
Page 3A-22
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
3. Remove ball detent canister and compression spring.
b
a
22100
a - Ball Detent Canister
b - Compression Spring
4. Disassemble yoke and cam assembly.
b
a
22101
a - Shift Cam
b - Bolts
d
e
e
f
c
22101
c
d
e
f
g
g
75221
- Spacers
- Yoke
- Contact Surface
- Shift Cam
- Locknuts
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-23
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
5. Remove shifter shaft upper O-ring.
a
76843
a - O-ring
6. Remove shifter shaft upper bushings using tool.
a
b
22459
22223
a - Bushing Removal Tool (91-17273)
b - Bushing
INDEX
Page 3A-24
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
7. Remove shifter shaft lower bushing and oil seal using tool.
c
a
b
22459
22223
a - Shift Shaft Lower Bushing
b - Oil Seal
c - Bushing Removal Tool (91-17273)
Shifter Inspection
NOTE: Use exploded parts views as reference.
1. Shift link bar and shift lever for:
• Damaged or bent parts
• Worn jaw area
• Excessively worn detent area on shift lever
2. Ball detent canister for:
• Broken springs
• Ball out of canister
3. Yoke and cam assembly for:
• Damaged cam spacers
• Excessively worn cam surface
4. Shifter shaft for:
• Excessive wear in area where bushings make contact (Bushings must be replaced if
replacing shifter shaft).
5. Shifter shaft bushing for:
• Excessive wear
• Knicks and scratches (shifter shaft must be replaced if replacing bushings)
6. Shifter shaft upper O-ring for:
• Cuts and knicks
• Flat spots (from being compressed)
7. Shift shaft lower oil seal for:
• Cuts or knicks
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-25
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Shifter Reassembly
1. Install shifter shaft lower bushing and oil seal as follows:
a. Install lower bushing part way into bore as shown.
a
a
22223
22459
a - Lower Bushing
b. Place oil seal onto bearing and seal driver with lip of seal facing upward. Apply Loctite 271 to outside diameter of seal before installation.
a
22459
b
22263
a - Oil Seal
b - Seal Driver (91-17275A1)
c. Place bearing and seal driver with oil seal into bore from bottom. Place screw pilot
through bushing from top. Install screw through screw pilot and into bearing and seal
driver.
b
22223
c
a
22459
a - Seal Driver
b - Screw Pilot
c - Screw
INDEX
Page 3A-26
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
d. Pull oil seal and bushing into place by turning screw clockwise until tool bottoms out
on casting. (Top and Bottom).
22223
22459
e. Loosen screw and remove tool.
2. Install shift shaft upper bushings as follows:
a. Install bushing into bore so that bushing is flush with bottom of bore, as shown.
a
22223
22459
a - Bushing
3. Assemble yoke and shift cam assembly. Coat contact surfaces with gear lube.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-27
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
4. Torque locknuts to 80 lb-in. (9 Nm).
a
c
b
22101
a - Shift Cam
b - Bolts
c - Contact Surface
c
b
a
22101
a - Spacers
b - Yoke
c - Contact Surface
b
a
75221
Shifter Assembly
a - Locknuts
b - Shift Cam
INDEX
Page 3A-28
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
5. Apply small amount of Special Lubricant 101 to compression spring and ball detent canister and install into rear cover.
a
b
22100
a - Compression Spring
b - Detent Canister
6. Install link bar to shift lever. Install cotter pin and spread ends.
e
d
a
c
b
22099
a
b
c
d
e
- Link Bar
- Shift Lever
- Clevis Pin
- Washer
- Cotter Pin
7. Install latch on link bar.
a
b
22100
a - Latch
b - Link Bar
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-29
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
U-Joint and Pinion Gear
Inspection
1. Inspect pinion gear for pitting, chipped or broken teeth and excessive or uneven wear.
If any of these conditions exist, it will be necessary to replace complete drive gear and
bearing assembly.
2. Rotate bearings on pinion gear by hand. Rough, uneven movement, or a loose condition
indicates need for replacement. If drive gear is in good condition then it will be necessary
to replace bearings only.
3. Inspect U-joints for a loose or rough movement and deteriorated seals. If any of these
conditions exist, then replace cross and bearing assembly.
Disassembly
1. Remove nut and washer from U-joint shaft and remove drive gear and bearings as an
assembly. Remove remaining components.
b
a
c
76861
Standard Bravo Shown
a - Drive Gear and Bearing Assembly
b - Nut
c - Washer
CAUTION
DO NOT damage spacer when removing first bearing from pinion gear, spacer must
be used in reassembly.
INDEX
Page 3A-30
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
2. If you determine that U-joint bearings are in need of replacement and that gear is in good
condition, remove bearings from gear using puller plate and arbor press (bearings are
damaged in removal and should not be reused).
a
d
b
c
22393
a
b
c
d
- Gear and Bearing Assembly
- Puller Plate (91-37241)
- Spacer
- Suitable Mandrel
3. If seal is defective, remove U-joint seal using a punch and hammer or press out with suitable mandrel.
NOTE: The U-joint seal is located in the seal carrier on standard Bravo drives and in the
bearing retainer nut on Bravo X, XZ, XR, and Diesel Bravo.
b
a
22102
Standard Bravo Shown
a - Seal
b - Suitable Mandrel
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-31
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
4. If replacing U-joint cross bearings,proceed as follows:
WARNING
U-joint snap rings might accidentally be knocked off of the U-joint during installation. Wear safety glasses to avoid eye injury.
a. Drive off universal joint bearing snap rings, using a punch and hammer.
a
22179
a - Snap Ring
b. Standard Bravo: Using adaptor and U-joint press, press one bearing in until opposite bearing is pressed out into adaptor. Remove loose bearing.
b
a
c
22180
a - Press
b - Adaptor (91-38756)
c - Yoke
c. Turn U-joint assembly 180 degrees and press on bearing cross to remove second
bearing. Remove second bearing. Remove each pair of bearings in this manner.
b
a
22180
a - Bearing Cross
b - Adaptor
INDEX
Page 3A-32
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
Art for Bravo XZ, Bravo XR, and Diesel Bravo U-joint
service was not available at time of printing.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-33
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
5. Remove three O-rings from coupling end of U-joint shaft.
b
a
73922
a - O-ring Grooves
b - O-rings
Reassembly
CAUTION
Use only Quicksilver U-Joint and Gimbal Bearing Grease for lubricating U-joint
bearings. The use of any other lubricant will decrease the life of the bearings.
1. Reassemble U-joints as follows:
NOTE: When initially positioning crosses in yoke, be sure that grease fittings are facing to
coupler yoke (longer yoke).
WARNING
U-joint snap rings might accidentally be knocked off of the u-joint during installation. Wear safety glasses to avoid eye injury.
a. Standard Bravo U-Joint:Place U-joint bearing cups in yoke and start them on bearing cross members. Install by using adaptor and pressing bearing through yoke and
onto cross members.
d
a
a
b
e c
a
b
c
d
e
22181
- Bearings
- Yoke
- Cross Members
- Grease Fitting (Facing Longer Yoke)
- Adaptor (91-38756)
INDEX
Page 3A-34
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
b. Install bearing cup retaining snap rings.
a
b
22182
a - Hammer
b - Snap Ring
c. Install each pair of bearings in this manner.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-35
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Art for Bravo XZ, Bravo XR, and Diesel Bravo U-joint
service was not available at time of printing.
INDEX
Page 3A-36
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
2. Install three new O-rings on coupling end of U-joint shaft.
a
b
73922
a - O-ring Grooves
b - O-rings
3. Coat outside diameter of oil seal with Loctite 271 and press oil seal in with lip of seal
facing pinion gear, using bearing driver until tool bottoms out against carrier.
NOTE: The U-joint seal is located in the seal carrier on standard Bravo drives and in the
bearing retainer nut on Bravo X, XZ, XR, and Diesel Bravo.
c
c
a
b
22103
b
22103
Standard Bravo Shown
a - Oil Seal
b - Oil Seal Carrier
c - Bearing Driver (91-813653T)
4. Lubricate lip of oil seal (a) with 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon.
a
22435
a - Oil Seal Lip
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-37
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
5. If tapered roller bearings were removed from pinion gear, replace as follows.
a. Press smaller outside diameter bearing onto pinion gear using bearing installation
tool.
a
b
c
22393
a - Suitable Mandrel
b - Bearing - Smaller O.D.
c - Pinion Gear
CAUTION
If spacer is not installed correctly in next step, severe damage to the drive unit will
result during reassembly.
b. Place smaller outside diameter cup over bearing pressed on in step “a”.
c. Install spacer (flat face toward gear).
d. Install larger outside diameter bearing cup.
a
b
c
d
e
f
h
g
76844
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
- Pinion Gear
- Smaller Outside Diameter Bearing (First)
- Smaller Outside Diameter Cup (Second)
- Spacer – Wider Face Toward Gear (Third)
- Larger Outside Diameter Bearing Cup (Fourth)
- Larger Outside Diameter Bearing (Fifth)
- Standard Bravo - Spacer .250 in. (6.35 mm) Thick
- Bravo X, XZ, XR & Diesel Bravo - Spacer .210 in. (5.36 mm) Thick
IMPORTANT: Spacer between bearing cups must free to move. Do not over press, as
damage to both bearings could occur.
INDEX
Page 3A-38
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
e. Press larger outside diameter bearing onto gear. Press bearing to the point where
bearing rollers initially make contact with tapered bearing cup.
d
a
b
c
22393
a
b
c
d
- Bearing – Larger Outside Diameter.
- Larger Outside Diameter Bearing Cup
- Spacer – Must Move Freely
- Suitable Mandrel – Must Push on Inner Bearing Race
NOTE: If a slight over press condition occurs (spacer does not move freely) – support large
O.D. bearing cup with universal puller plate and lightly tap end of pinion gear with a soft hammer. Failure to do this can result in premature bearing failure.
CAUTION
U-joint and pinion gear assembly must be reassembled as shown in following steps
or damage to drive unit will occur during reassembly.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-39
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
6. Install components as shown.
a
e
c
d
b
22249
Standard Bravo
a - Retainer Nut (Threaded End Toward Pinion Gear)
b - Oil Seal Carrier (Lip Of Seal Facing Pinion Gear)
c - Large Washer (Taper Facing U-joints)
d - O-ring (Position Between Oil Seal Carrier And Sealing Ring)
e - Sealing Ring (Taper Facing U-joints)
b
a
c
d
76845
Bravo X, XZ, XR & Diesel Bravo
a - Retainer Nut (Threaded End Toward Pinion Gear)
b - Oil Seal (Lip Of Seal Facing Pinion Gear)
c - O-ring (Position On Retainer Nut)
d - Thrust Washer (Taper Facing U-joints)
7. Secure pinion gear assembly to shaft with washer and new nut. Tighten nut to the point
where washer just touches gear.
a
b
c
22102
a - Nut
b - Washer
c - Pinion Gear Assembly
INDEX
Page 3A-40
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
8. Set the preload on bearing package as follows:
a. Mount retainer wrench in vise to support U-joint assembly.
b. Position U-joint assembly so that shaft is pointing straight down.
a
b
70212
a - Torque Wrench (lb-in.)
b - U-joint Shaft (Hanging Straight Down)
c. Set preload by tightening nut 1/16 of a turn at a time. Check for proper preload by
turning pinion gear, using an extension, appropriate socket, and torque wrench (lbin. - with dial indicator), until a 6-10 lb-in. (0.7-1.1 Nm) torque is obtained. If nut becomes over-tightened (causing excessive preload), loosen nut a number of turns
and lightly strike pinion end of U-joint shaft using a soft hammer. Readjust, starting
at beginning of this step.
a
70212
Standard Bravo Shown
a - Torque Wrench (lb-in. – Dial Indicator)
b - Drive Shaft Housing (U-joint Shaft Hanging Straight Down)
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-41
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Gear Disassembly, Inspection and Reassembly
• Refer to “Special Information” on page 19 if gear assembly components are being
replaced.
Disassembly
1. Remove keepers by pressing down on gear and turning clockwise to release keepers
and collar.
b
c
a
22105
a - Top Gear
b - Thrust Collar
c - Keepers (2)
2. Remove thrust collar and gear from shaft.
a
b
c
76847
a - Thrust Collar
b - Top Gear
c - Stand (91-17301A1)
INDEX
Page 3A-42
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
3. Remove thrust bearing and garter spring.
b
a
76862
a - Thrust Bearing
b - Garter Spring
4. Twist clutch counterclockwise while pulling up to separate clutch from shaft.
a
22106
a - Clutch
5. Remove lower garter spring and thrust bearing.
a
b
76848
a - Garter Spring
b - Thrust Bearing
6. Remove bottom gear.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-43
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Inspection
1. Clean all parts in nontoxic solvent; then dry with compressed air. Be careful not to spin
bearings. Inspect gears for pitting, chipped or broken teeth, and excessive or uneven
wear. Replace gear if any of these conditions exist.
2. Condition of bearing surfaces in drive shaft housing and top cover are an indication of
the condition of the bearings in the gears. Inspect bearing surface for pitting, grooves,
scoring, discoloration from overheating, uneven wear, and embedded foreign metal particles. Replace gear and bearing assembly, and also bearing sleeve, if any of these
conditions exist.
3. Inspect socket of gear for particles adhering to clutch surface, and for discoloration. If
particles and/or discoloration are present, attempt to clean up grooves on clutch using
a bead blaster or a pick. (Do not use a wire brush or wire wheel.) If, after cleaning,
grooves appear to be flattened or Nicked, clutch should then be replaced.
4. Inspect splines of clutch shaft for knicks or broken teeth. If any of these conditions exist,
replace shaft.
5. Inspect bearing surfaces on clutch shaft for pitting, grooves, scoring, or discoloration.
Replace shaft if any of these conditions exist.
Reassembly
1. Apply gear oil to splines and install bottom gear on shaft and allow it to rest on thrust
collar.
a
b
22106
a - Bottom Gear
b - Thrust Collar
INDEX
Page 3A-44
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
2. Install thrust bearing and garter spring with silver side of bearing toward garter spring.
Lubricate parts with gear lube.
a
b
76848
a - Thrust Bearing (Silver Side Toward Garter Spring)
b - Garter Spring
3. Lower clutch over shaft while allowing it to turn clockwise.
a
22106
a - Clutch
4. Install top garter spring and thrust bearing with silver side of bearing toward garter
spring.
b
a
76862
a - Garter Spring (Silver Side Toward Garter Spring)
b - Thrust Bearing
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-45
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
5. Place top gear and then thrust collar over shaft.
a
b
c
76847
a - Thrust Collar
b - Top Gear
c - Stand (91-17301A1)
6. Press gear and thrust collar down so that groove in shaft is completely exposed. Install
keepers.
a
b
22105
a - Top Gear
b - Keepers (2)
7. Release pressure from gear. Thrust collar should come up to the point where top of
keepers are level with top of thrust collar at position shown.
a
22105
INDEX
Page 3A-46
a - Keepers Level With Thrust Collar
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Drive Shaft Housing and Top Cover - Bearings and Bearing
Sleeves
Inspection
1. Inspect needle bearing races in top cover and in drive shaft housing for pitting, grooves,
discoloration or embedded particles. If any of these conditions exist, replace race.
2. Condition of the bearing surfaces on the clutch shaft are an indication of the condition
of the bearings in the top cover and drive shaft housing. Inspect bearing surface for pitting, grooves, discoloration or embedded particles. If any of these conditions exist, then
replace bearings and shaft.
Bearing Sleeve Removal (Top Cover)
1. Place puller jaws around sleeve.
b
c
a
22083
a - Top Cover
b - Puller Jaws (2 Halves) – (91-90244A1)
c - Bearing
2. Position puller guide over jaws and install bolt.
d
b
a
c
22084
a
b
c
d
- Puller Guide (91-90244A1)
- Puller Bolt (90-90244A1)
- Top Cover
- Washers
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-47
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
3. Install driver guide as shown.
a
b
22082
a - Driver Guide (92-90244A1)
b - Top Cover
4. Remove sleeve by rotating bolt clockwise.
Bearing Sleeve Removal (Drive Shaft Housing)
1. Place puller jaws around sleeve.
b
a
c
22219
a - Drive Shaft Housing
b - Pull Jaws (2 Halves) (91-90244A1)
c - Sleeve
2. Position puller guide over jaws and install bolt.
b
a
22263
a - Puller Guide (91-90244A1)
b - Puller Bolt (91-90244A1)
INDEX
Page 3A-48
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
3. Install driver guide as shown.
a
22258
a - Driver Guide (91-90244)
4. Remove sleeve by rotating bolt clockwise.
Roller Bearing Removal
1. Standard Bravo: To remove roller bearing from drive shaft housing, use a suitable mandrel and drive bearing down into oil cavity.
b
a
22260
a - Bearing And Mandrel
b - Drive In This Direction
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-49
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
2. Bravo X, XZ, XR & Diesel Bravo: Remove roller bearing using a slide hammer puller,
Snap-On adaptor and puller head as shown.
a
b
c
76863
a - Slide Hammer Puller (91-34569A1)
b - Snap-On Adaptor (CG-40-4)
c - Puller Head (CG-40-A10)
3. Remove top cover roller bearing using a slide hammer puller, Snap-On adaptor and puller head as shown.
a
b
c
73928
a - Slide Hammer Puller (91-34569A1)
b - Snap-On Adaptor (CG-40-4)
c - Puller Head (CG-40-A10)
INDEX
Page 3A-50
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Steel Bearing Adaptor Removal
IMPORTANT: It is not necessary to remove the steel bearing adaptor for normal driveshaft housing disassembly; however, in the event of gear or bearing failure the steel
bearing adaptor can be removed to aid in removal of metal chips and contamination
from oil passages.
1. Remove steel bearing adaptor using bearing adaptor socket. Heat area around steel
bearing adaptor with a torch lamp to ease removal.
b
a
77021
a - Steel Bearing Adaptor
b - Bearing Adaptor Socket (91-862531)
2. Remove oil passage plug.
b
a
77043
a - Drive Shaft Housing
b - Oil Passage Plug
3. Clean metal chips and contamination from oil passage.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-51
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Steel Bearing Adaptor Installation
1. Install oil passage plug.
b
a
77043
a - Drive Shaft Housing
b - Oil Passage Plug
2. Clean threads of steel bearing adaptor and apply Loctite 277.
3. Install steel bearing adaptor in drive shaft housing using bearing adaptor socket. Torque
to 175 lb-ft.
b
a
77021
a - Steel Bearing Adaptor
b - Bearing Adaptor Socket (91-862531)
INDEX
Page 3A-52
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Bearing Sleeve Installation
1. Install driver head onto puller guide. Secure driver head to puller guide with screw. Place
bearing sleeve against edge of driver head as shown.
c
a
b
d
22084
a
b
c
d
- Driver Head (91-862530)
- Puller Guide (91-90774)
- Screw (91-90775)
- Bearing Sleeve
2. Place driver guide onto top cover as shown. Install puller guide assembly through driver
guide assembly and install bearing sleeve by tapping into place until tool bottoms out.
a
22082
a - Driver Guide (91-90244A1)
3. Place driver guide into top of drive shaft housing, as shown. Install puller guide assembly
through driver guide and install bearing sleeve by tapping into place until tool bottoms out.
a
22263
a - Driver Guide (91-90244)
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-53
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Roller Bearing Installation
1. Install driver head onto puller guide. Secure driver head to puller guide with screw. Lubricate inside diameter of roller bearing and place roller bearing on driver head, as shown.
c
a
d
b
75967
a
b
c
d
- Driver Head (91-862530)
- Puller Guide (91-90774)
- Screw (91-90775)
- Roller Bearing
2. Place driver guide on top cover, as shown. Install puller guide assembly through driver
guide and install roller bearing by tapping into place until tool bottoms out.
a
75968
a - Driver Guide (91-90244)
3. Place driver guide into top of drive shaft housing, as shown. Install puller guide assembly
through driver guide and install roller bearing by tapping into place until tool bottoms out.
a
a - Driver Guide (91-90244)
INDEX
Page 3A-54
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Drive Shaft Housing Reassembly
• Two (2) numbers are stamped in the shifter cavity on the back of the drive shaft housing. The top number designates the thickness of the top thrust bearing race, and the
bottom number designates the thickness of the bottom thrust bearing race. One of
three numbers appears in each position (61, 64) e.g. 61 = .061 in. Use numbers that
are stamped in housing as a guide for obtaining replacement parts. Measure thrust
bearing races with a micrometer to be sure that their thickness correspond to the
numbers stamped in the drive shaft housing.
6 1
a
6 4
76849
a - Stamped Number
b
a
22100
a - Micrometer
b - Race
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-55
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
NOTE: If using original thrust bearing race, race should be installed so that the side of original contact area is in the same position as removed. Prelube all races and bearings with
High-Performance Lube.
1. Position correct thrust bearing race in drive shaft housing (see “Important,” preceding).
a
a
22437
76850
Standard Bravo
a - Thrust Bearing Race
Bravo X, XZ, XR, & Diesel Bravo
2. Apply a mixture of 60% Hi Performance Gear Lube and 40% Special Lubricant 101 to
bottom face of bottom gear. Stick thrust bearing to gear. Install clutch assembly.
b
22435
c
22099
b - Thrust Bearing
c - Gear Assembly
INDEX
Page 3A-56
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
3. Apply a mixture of 60% Hi Performance Gear Lube and 40% Special Lubricant 101 to
the top face top gear and the thrust bearing. Place thrust bearing on gear. Position correct thrust bearing race on top of thrust bearing.
b
a
50304
a - Thrust Bearing
b - Thrust Race
CAUTION
Gear assembly must be timed as shown, following, or damage to gears and U-joint
pinion gear may occur.
• Timing marks on gears must be aligned in one of two ways. The positive (+) mark over
the negative (–) or the negative (–) mark over the positive (+) mark. NEVER align two
positive (+) marks or two negative (–) marks.
22107
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-57
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
4. Align clutch gear timing marks with index marks on drive shaft housing as close as possible.
b
6 1
a
6 4
b
76805
a - Timing Marks
b - Index Marks
IMPORTANT: Ensure that the retainer nut is not cross-threaded by turning the retainer nut
counterclockwise until thread engagement is felt; then turn retainer nut clockwise.
5. Install U-joint assembly into drive shaft housing. Apply Special Lubricant 101 to threads
of retainer nut and install. Torque retainer nut to 200 lb-ft (271 Nm).
NOTE: On Bravo X, XZ, XR & Diesel Bravo, the retainer nut must be started using retainer
nut spanner wrench.
22094
Standard Bravo
77078
Bravo X, XZ, XR, & Diesel Bravo
INDEX
Page 3A-58
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
TORQUE CONVERSION CHART FOR U-JOINT RETAINER NUT TOOL
Torque Wrench Length in Inches (mm)
a
Torque Wrench Reading in lb-ft (Nm) to
Achieve 200 lb-ft (271 Nm)
15 (381)
16 (406)
17 (432)
18 (457)
19 (483)
20 (508)
21 (533)
22 (559)
23 (584)
24 (610)
25 (635)
26 (660)
27 (686)
28 (711)
29 (737)
30 (762)
31 (787)
32 (813)
33 (838)
34 (864)
35 (889)
36 (914)
111 (151)
114 (155)
117 (159)
120 (163)
123 (167)
125 (170)
127 (172)
129 (175)
131 (178)
133 (180)
135 (183)
136 (184)
138 (187)
140 (190)
141 (191)
143 (194)
144 (195)
145 (197)
147 (200)
148 (201)
149 (202)
150 (203)
a
12"
26363
Typical Bravo Retainer Nut Tool Shown
a - Torque Wrench Length
TORQUING BRAVO U-JOINT BEARING RETAINER NUT
Use the following procedure to allow torquing retainer nut with a torque wrench.
a. On beam-type torque wrenches, measure from square drive to fulcrum (pivot) point
of handle.
b. On click-stop or dial type torque wrenches, measure from square drive to reference
mark on handle (2 bands, etc.).
6. Check that timing marks are still properly aligned (by turning U-joint, if necessary). If
marks have moved; remove U-joint assembly and start over beginning with step (3).
• Refer to “Special Information” on page 23 if shift cam assembly is being replaced.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-59
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
7. Install shift cam assembly into shifter cavity in drive shaft housing with the shift cam nuts
facing the bottom of the drive shaft housing.
a
b
76838
Shift Cam Assembly
a - Shift Cam Assembly
b - Boss
8. Install shift linkage assembly.
a. Push linkage assembly in. If linkage binds, move assembly gently from side to side
while pushing.
a
76853
a - Linkage Assembly
INDEX
Page 3A-60
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
b. Turn linkage assembly 1/4 turn counterclockwise and position as shown.
61
6 4
a
76852
a - Linkage Assembly
9. Install shift handle tool in shifter shaft and push shaft down. Remove tool.
a
b
50306
a - Shift Handle Tool (91-17302)
b - Shifter Shaft
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-61
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
10. Install shift handle tool through shift linkage and into shifter shaft. Move shifter shaft back
and forth as necessary to align lower hole in shift cam assembly with threaded hole in
shifter shaft. Apply Loctite 271 to first 2 or 3 threads of screw, install shift cam cap screw
and torque to 100-120 lb-in. (12-13 Nm).
c
a
b
76864
a - Shift Handle Tool
b - Shift Linkage
c - Shift Cam Assembly
11. Apply Loctite 271 to first 2-3 threads of shift linkage cap screw and install. Torque screw
to 100-120 lb-in. (12-13 Nm).
a
76854
a - Cap Screw
INDEX
Page 3A-62
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
12. Move shift linkage to the neutral detent position as shown. Apply liberal amount of Special Lubricant 101 to I.D. of screw recess.
611
64
a
76852
a - Screw Recess
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-63
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
13. Replace O-rings in drive shaft housing. Apply 3-M Adhesive to O-rings before installation.
b
a
50356
a - Shift Linkage O-ring
b - Water Passage O-ring
c
d
22100
50306
c - Shifter Shaft O-ring
d - Back Cover O-ring
a
22088
a - Top Cover O-ring
INDEX
Page 3A-64
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
14. Install top cover. Torque screws to 20 lb-ft (27 Nm).
b
a
76835
50304
a - Top Cover
b - Screws
15. Install rear cover and screws. Torque screws to 20 lb-ft (27 Nm).
NOTE: To avoid damage to cover, evenly tighten screws until cover is flush against drive
shaft housing before torquing screws.
b
a
76805
a - Rear Cover
b - Screws (3)
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-65
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Install Gear Housing To Drive Shaft Housing
1. Bravo One, Bravo XZ, Bravo XR, and Diesel Bravo One X:
a. Install gear housing to drive shaft housing. Torque nuts and bolt to 35 lb-ft (47 Nm).
a
b
76801
a - Nuts and Washers (6)
b - Bolt (Located in Trim Tab Cavity) (1)
b. Install anodic plate. Torque to 20 lb-ft (27 Nm). Install rubber plug.
b
76800
a
22093
a - Anodic Plate
b - Rubber Plug
2. Bravo Two and Diesel Bravo Two X:
a. Install gear housing to drive shaft housing. Torque nuts and bolt to 35 lb-ft (47 Nm).
a
b
76802
a - Nuts and Washers (6)
b - Bolt (Located in Front of Trim Tab) (1)
INDEX
Page 3A-66
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
b. Install anodic plate. Torque bolt to 20 lb-ft (27 Nm).
a
76801
a - 1/2 in. Bolt
3. Bravo Three and Diesel Bravo Three X:
a. Install the bolt in the anode cavity. Torque bolt to 35 lb-ft (47 Nm).
a
76804
a - Bolt
b. Install the remaining fasteners. Torque nuts to 35 lb-ft (47 Nm).
a
76803
a - 6 Nuts And Washers
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-67
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
c. Install anode. Torque bolt to 20 lb-ft (27 Nm). Install rubber plug.
a
76832
a - Bolt
4. Fill drive unit with gear lube. (Refer to Section 1B.)
INDEX
Page 3A-68
90-863160 MAY 2000
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
THIS PAGE IS INTENTIONALLY BLANK
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3A-69
DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
THIS PAGE IS INTENTIONALLY BLANK
INDEX
Page 3A-70
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
STERNDRIVE UNIT
Section 3B - Bravo One Gear Housing
Table of Contents
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-2
Torque Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-2
Bearing Preloads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-2
Gear Ratio - Teeth Per Gear
(Gear Housing) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-2
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives . . . . . . . 3B-2
Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-3
Bravo One Gear Housing Exploded View 3B-4
Drive Shaft Components . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-4
Bravo One and Diesel Bravo One X
Propeller Shaft Components . . . . . . . . 3B-6
Bravo XZ and Bravo XR Propeller
Shaft Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-8
Pre-Disassembly Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-10
Drive Shaft Housing and Gear Housing
Separation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-11
Gear Housing Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-13
Drive Shaft And Pinion Bearing . . . . . . . . 3B-19
Inspection and Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-19
Drive Shaft Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-19
Pinion Bearing Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-20
Pinion Bearing Installation . . . . . . . . . . 3B-21
Drive Shaft Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . 3B-22
Bearing Carrier Inspection . . . . . . . . . . 3B-23
Bearing Carrier Disassembly . . . . . . . .
Bearing Carrier Reassembly . . . . . . . .
Propeller Shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Propeller Shaft Bearing Removal . . . .
Propeller Shaft Bearing Installation . .
Driven Gear Bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Driven Gear Bearing Removal . . . . . . .
Driven Gear Bearing Installation . . . . .
Driven Gear Bearing Cup
Removal and Inspection . . . . . . . . . . .
Driven Gear Bearing Cup Installation .
Speedometer Water Passage . . . . . . . . . .
Pickup Inspection and Cleaning . . . . .
Water Passage Seal Replacement . . .
Gear Housing Reassembly And
Shimming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bravo XZ and XR Heavy Duty
Propeller Shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gear Housing
Disassembly/Reassembly . . . . . . . . . .
Installing Bearing Carrier . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing Propeller Hub Assembly . . .
3B-23
3B-24
3B-25
3B-25
3B-25
3B-26
3B-26
3B-26
3B-27
3B-27
3B-28
3B-28
3B-29
3B-29
3B-30
3B-31
3B-45
3B-45
3B-45
3B-47
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3B-1
3
B
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Specifications
Torque Specifications
Fastener Location
lb-in.
lb-ft
Nm
45
61
Driveshaft Pinion Screw
Bearing Carrier Retainer Nut
Torque to Proper Preload
Drive Shaft Housing to Gear Housing Nuts
and Bolt
35
48
Anodic Plate Screw
23
32
Oil Fill/Drain Plug
40
5
Propeller Nut
55
75
Bearing Preloads
lb-in.
Nm
3-5
0.3-0.55
Propeller Shaft Bearings Checked at Propeller Shaft (New Bearings)
8-121
0.9-1.4 1
Propeller Shaft Bearings Checked at Propeller Shaft (Used Bearings)2
5-81
0.6-0.9 1
Description
Drive shaft Bearings
1DOES NOT include 3-5 lb-in. (0.3-0.55 Nm)
2A bearing is used if spun once under load.
of preload on drive shaft bearings.
Gear Ratio - Teeth Per Gear (Gear Housing)
Ratio
Pinion
Driven
1.65:1
15
19
1.50:1
15
19
1.36:1
15
19
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives
Description
Part Number
Quicksilver High-Performance Gear Lube
92-816026A2
Quicksilver 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon
92-825407A12
Quicksilver Special Lubricant 101
92-13872A1
Quicksilver Needle Bearing Assembly Lubricant
92-825265A1
Perfect Seal
3-M Adhesive
Loctite 271
Quicksilver Engine Coupler Spline Grease
92-34227-1
92-86166-Q1
92-809820
92-816391A4
INDEX
Page 3B-2
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Tools
Description
Dial Indicator Set
Part Number
91-58222A1
Backlash Indicator Rod
91-53459
Dial Indicator Adaptor Kit
91-83155
Slide Hammer Puller
Torque Wrench (lb-in.)
91-34569A1
91-66274
Drive Shaft Pinion Gear Shimming Tool
91-42840T
Bearing Carrier Retainer Nut Wrench
91-61069T
Bearing Carrier and Bar Puller
91-90338A1
Clamp Plate
91-43559T
Drive Shaft Adaptor Tool
91-56775T
Universal Puller Plate
91-37241
Bearing Seal Driver
91-813653
Threaded Rod
91-31229
Bearing Driver
91-89867T
Bearing Carrier Seals and Bearing Cup
Driver
91-89865
Bearing Cup Driver
91-31106
Bearing Cup Driver
91-67443T
Driver Rod
Bearing Removal Tool
Bearing Adaptor Installation Tool
Propeller Shaft Tool Kit
91-37323
91-63638T
91-18605A2
91-840393 A1
Bearing Carrier Installation Tool
91-840388
Bearing Carrier Oil Seal Installer
91-840385
Bearing Carrier Retainer Nut Wrench
91-840393
Propeller Shaft and Driveshaft Adaptor
91-61077T
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3B-3
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Bravo One Gear Housing Exploded View
Drive Shaft Components
C
1
2
10
3
4
5
A
6
B
7
12
11
13
14
15
A
8
9
16
22
17
D
18
19
76865
INDEX
Page 3B-4
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
1 - Retainer
2 - Coupler
3 - O-Ring
4 - Spacer
5 - Shim(s)
6 - Tab Washer
7 - Bearing Cup
8 - Bearing Cup
9 - Shim(s)
10 - Drive Shaft
11 - Tapered Bearing (Larger Dia.)
12 - Tapered Bearing (Smaller Dia.)
13 - Seal, Water Passage
14 - Seal, Speedometer Water Passage
15 - Lock Nut
16 - Flat Washer
17 - Gear Housing
18 - Screw
19 - Anodic Plate
20 - Screw
A
- Quicksilver High Performance Gear Lube
B
- 3M Adhesive
C
- Quicksilver 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon
D
- Perfect Seal
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3B-5
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Bravo One and Diesel Bravo One X Propeller Shaft Components
1
B
4
5
6
3
2
7
B
9
C
10
8
E
14
A
15
12 11
17
13
17
18
22
B
24
25
B
C
F
21
23
16
20
19
D
C
76826
INDEX
Page 3B-6
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
1 - Gear Housing
2 - Shims
3 - Bearing Cup
4 - Tapered Bearing
5 - Driven Gear
6 - Needle Bearing
7 - Pinion Gear
8 - Washer
9 - Screw
10 - Propeller Shaft
11 - Washer
12 - Tapered Bearing
13 - Bearing Cup
14 - Load Ring
15 - Washer
16 - O-Ring
17 - Seals
18 - Bearing Carrier
19 - Washer
20 - Drain Screw
21 - Propeller Anode
22 - Lockwasher
23 - Screw
24 - Tab Washer
25 - Bearing Carrier Retainer
A
- Quicksilver 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon
B
- Quicksilver High Performance Gear Lube (Use on All Bearing Surfaces)
C
- Loctite 271
D
- Quicksilver Special Lubricant 101
E
- Quicksilver Engine Coupler-Spline Grease
F
- Perfect Seal
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3B-7
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Bravo XZ and Bravo XR Propeller Shaft Components
1
B
6
4
5
2
7
3
8
C
9
10
E
B
13
15
A
12
11
16
17
18
14
B
17
C
F
21
27
19
22
26
23
25
D
20
24
77109
INDEX
Page 3B-8
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
1 - Gear Housing
2 - Shims
3 - Bearing Cup
4 - Tapered Bearing
5 - Driven Gear
6 - Needle Bearing
7 - Pinion Gear
8 - Washer
9 - Screw
10 - Propeller Shaft
11 - Washer
12 - Tapered Bearing
13 - Bearing Cup
14 - Load Ring
15 - Washer
16 - O-Ring
17 - Seals
18 - Bearing Carrier
19 - Washer
20 - Drain Screw
21 - Tab Washer
22 - Bearing Carrier Retainer
23 - Propeller Hub Assembly
24 - Washer
25 - Belleville-Washer
26 - Washer
27 - Propeller Nut
A
- Quicksilver 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon
B
- Quicksilver High Performance Gear Lube (Use on All Bearing Surfaces)
C
- Loctite 271
D
- Quicksilver Special Lubricant 101
E
- Quicksilver Engine Coupler-Spline Grease
F
- Perfect Seal
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3B-9
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Pre-Disassembly Inspection
1. Check propeller shaft for side to side movement, as follows:
a. Position dial indicator on propeller shaft.
b. Push propeller shaft to one side and zero the dial indicator.
c. Move propeller shaft to opposite side while observing dial indicator.
d. Without rotating propeller shaft, reposition dial indicator and check up and down
deflection. A shaft deflection of more than .003 in. (0.08 mm) indicates one of the
following:
(1.) Worn propeller shaft bearings.
(2.) Improper propeller shaft preload.
22086
2. Check for a bent propeller shaft, as follows:
a. Rotate propeller shaft while observing dial indicator. If deflection is more than .007 in.
(.178 mm), a bent propeller shaft is indicated.
INDEX
Page 3B-10
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Drive Shaft Housing and Gear Housing Separation
1. Remove, empty and clean gear lube monitor.
2. Drain sterndrive unit.
a
76827
a - Fill/Drain Screw
3. Remove vent plug.
a
76866
a - Vent Plug
4. Remove rubber plug.
a
22093
a - Rubber Plug
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3B-11
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
5. Remove anodic plate.
a
22258
a - 1/2 in. Bolt
6. Remove gear housing from drive shaft housing.
a
b
76879
a - Nuts And Washers (6)
b - Bolt (1)
CAUTION
Clamp plate (91-43559) must be installed on gear housing when gear housing is
separated from drive shaft housing.
7. Install clamp plate on gear housing. Tighten securely.
b
a
c
22439
a - Clamp Plate
b - Nut
c - Washer (2 Per Side)
8. Finish draining gear case by turning upside down over a container.
INDEX
Page 3B-12
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Gear Housing Disassembly
1. Remove propeller.
c
e
a
b
d
a
b
c
d
e
f
f
75492
- Forward Thrust Hub
- Flo-Torque Drive Hub
- Propeller
- Drive Sleeve Adaptor
- Tab Washer
- Nut
2. Bend tabs of tab washer away from bearing carrier retainer nut.
a
b
50136
a - Tab
b - Screw Driver
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3B-13
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
3. Remove bearing carrier retainer nut, using bearing carrier retainer wrench.
a
22112
a - Bearing Carrier Retainer Wrench (91-61069)
4. Remove bearing carrier using bearing carrier puller.
a
22104
a - Bearing Carrier Puller (91-90338A1)
5. Remove propeller shaft.
a
22104
a - Propeller Shaft
INDEX
Page 3B-14
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
6. Remove washer, load ring and O-ring.
c
b
a
76829
a - Washer
b - Load Ring
c - O-ring
7. Temporarily reinstall bearing carrier retainer nut in gear housing to protect housing
threads.
a
76870
a - Bearing Carrier Retainer Nut
8. Remove pinion gear, screw and washer. Hold drive shaft using drive shaft adaptor tool.
a
c
b
72246
a - Drive Shaft Adaptor Tool (91-61077T)
b - Breaker Bar And Socket
c - Pinion Gear
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3B-15
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
9. Remove clamp plate (installed in Step 2.), then remove O-ring, spacer, shim(s) and tab
washer. Retain shims for reassembly.
a
b
c
d
e
22262
a
b
c
d
e
- Clamp Plate
- O-Ring
- Spacer
- Shim(s)
- Tab Washer
10. Remove drive shaft and pinion gear.
a
b
76871
a - Drive Shaft
b - Pinion Gear
INDEX
Page 3B-16
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
11. Remove driven gear and bearing.
a b
22283
a - Driven Gear
b - Bearing Cup
12. Remove drive shaft bearing cup and shims using slide hammer puller.
a
b
22261
a - Drive Shaft Bearing Cup
b - Shims
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3B-17
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
13. Unless you plan to remove the pinion bearing, remove needle bearings from drive shaft
needle bearing race. (See Pinion Bearing Removal)
b
a
22083
a - Needle Bearings
b - Drive Shaft Needle Bearing Race
14. Remove water passage O-ring and oil passage quad ring.
b
a
22222
a - Water Passage O-ring
b - Oil Passage Quad Ring
INDEX
Page 3B-18
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Drive Shaft And Pinion Bearing
Inspection and Cleaning
1. The condition of the drive shaft tapered bearing cups is an indication of the condition of
the tapered roller bearings on the drive shaft. Replace bearing and bearing cup if cup
is pitted, grooved, scored, worn uneven, discolored from overheating or has embedded
metal particles.
2. The condition of the bearing surface on drive shaft at needle bearing location is an
indication of the condition of needle bearings. Replace needles and sleeve if pitted,
grooved, scored, worn uneven, discolored from overheating or has embedded metal
particles.
3. Inspect splines for worn or twisted condition. Replacement of drive shaft is necessary
if either condition exists.
4. Clean all parts that are to be reused with solvent. Dry parts completely using
compressed air, being careful not to spin bearings.
Drive Shaft Disassembly
NOTE: Bearing assembly must be replaced if removed from drive shaft. Tapered roller bearings are damaged when removing.
1. Press tapered roller bearing from shaft using universal puller plate to support bearing.
Remove second tapered roller bearing in same manner.
a
b c
76872
a - Drive Shaft
b - Bearing
c - Universal Puller Plate (91-37241)
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3B-19
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
2. Press drive shaft pinion bearing inner race from drive shaft, using universal puller plate.
b
c
a
76881
a - Drive Shaft
b - Pinion Bearing Inner Race
c - Universal Puller Plate
Pinion Bearing Removal
IMPORTANT: All needle bearings MUST BE in place inside bearing casing while driving pinion bearing from gear case or bearing casing will bend or break and become
difficult to remove.
1. Heat area around bearing remover to approximately 200° F (93.3_C) to ease removal.
Do not use open flame.
2. Remove pinion bearing using bearing remover, driver rod and bearing driver as a pilot.
b
a
c
d
d
75902
a
b
c
d
- Bearing Driver (91-813653) - Used As Pilot
- Driver Rod (91-37323)
- Bearing Remover (91-63638T)
- Area Around Bearing
INDEX
Page 3B-20
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Pinion Bearing Installation
1. Install needles in casing. Use Quicksilver Needle Bearing Assembly Lubricant to help
keep needles in place.
2. Position bearing assembly over bearing installation tool with number on bearing casing
facing up.
3. Coat casing outside diameter with gear lube.
b
a
22219
a - Needle Bearings
b - Casing
4. Install pinion bearing using tools as shown. Use the bearing driver as a pilot.
b
c
a
d
22222
a
b
c
d
- Bearing Driver (91-813653) - Used As Pilot
- Threaded Rod (91-31229)
- Washer And Nut
- Bearing Installation Tool (91-89867)
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3B-21
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Drive Shaft Reassembly
1. Lubricate inside diameter of tapered roller bearing with gear lube. Press small tapered
roller bearing onto drive shaft using universal puller plate. Ensure that smaller outside
diameter faces pinion end of shaft.
b
c
a
76873
a - Universal Puller Plate
b - Drive Shaft
c - Small Tapered Roller Bearing
2. Lubricate inside diameter of tapered roller bearing with gear lube. Press large tapered
roller bearing onto drive shaft using a suitable mandrel. Ensure that larger outside diameter
faces pinion end of shaft.
b
c
a
76874
a - Suitable Mandrel On Inner Race Of Bearing
b - Drive Shaft
c - Large Tapered Roller Bearing
INDEX
Page 3B-22
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Bearing Carrier Inspection
1. The condition of the propeller shaft tapered roller bearing cup is an indication of the
condition of tapered roller bearing on propeller shaft. Replace bearing and cup if cup is
pitted, grooved, scored, worn, uneven, discolored from overheating or has embedded
metal particles.
2. Check bearing carrier for signs of corrosion, especially on gear housing to bearing
carrier mating surfaces. If corrosion is evident, replace bearing carrier.
Bearing Carrier Disassembly
1. Remove bearing cup using slide hammer puller.
a
b
22087
a - Slide Hammer Puller
b - Bearing Cup
2. Remove oil seals from bearing carrier using a hammer and punch.
b
a
22111
a - Oil Seals (2)
b - Punch
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3B-23
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Bearing Carrier Reassembly
1. Coat outside diameter of oil seal with Loctite 271. Install outer oil seal with lip facing
outward using cup and seal driver.
b
a
22459
22087
a - Oil Seal - Lip Outward
b - Cup And Seal Driver (91-89865)
2. Coat outside diameter of oil seal with Loctite 271. Install inner oil seal with lip facing
inward using cup and seal driver.
b
a
22459
22088
a - Oil Seal - Lip Inward
b - Cup And Seal Driver (91-89865)
3. Install bearing cup with bearing surface inward using cup and seal driver.
b
a
22088
a - Bearing Cup
b - Cup And Seal Driver (91-89865)
INDEX
Page 3B-24
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Propeller Shaft
Inspection
1. Check propeller shaft for bent condition.
Use either of the following methods:
a. LATHE and DIAL INDICATOR METHOD:
(1.) Position propeller shaft centers in lathe.
(2.) Mount dial indicator at front edge of propeller shaft.
(3.) Rotate shaft and observe dial indicator. Movement of more than .007 in.
(.178 mm) is reason for replacement.
b. V-BLOCKS and DIAL INDICATOR METHOD:
(1.) Position propeller shaft bearing surfaces on V-blocks.
(2.) Mount a dial indicator at front edge of propeller shaft.
(3.) Rotate shaft and observe dial indicator. Movement of more than .007 in.
(.178 mm) is reason for replacement.
2. Inspect for bent or twisted splines.
3. Inspect surface of shaft where bearing carrier oil seal lips contact shaft. Oil seals will
have to be replaced if any grooves are found.
Propeller Shaft Bearing Removal
1. Press bearing from propeller shaft using universal puller plate.
a
b
c
d
a
b
c
d
76875
- Propeller Shaft
- Universal Puller Plate
- Tapered Roller Bearing
- Washer
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3B-25
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Propeller Shaft Bearing Installation
1. Apply gear lube to inside diameter of new bearing. Install bearing to shaft using universal
puller plate and a suitable mandrel (old bearing race) which supports bearing on inner
race. Press into place.
a
b
c
d
e
22110
a
b
c
d
- Propeller Shaft
- Tapered Roller Bearing
- Suitable Mandrel
- Universal Puller Plate
Driven Gear Bearing
Inspection
1. Remove bearing from driven gear. Inspect both the driven gear and the pinion gear for
pitting, chipped or broken teeth and excessive or uneven wear. Replace both gears if
any of these conditions exist.
2. Replace tapered roller bearing and cup if cup is pitted, grooved, scoured, worn uneven,
discolored from overheating or has metal particles embedded in the cup.
INDEX
Page 3B-26
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Driven Gear Bearing Removal
1. Remove bearing from driven gear using universal puller plate. Inspect both the driven
gear and the pinion gear for pitting, chipped or broken teeth and excessive or uneven
wear. Replace both gears if any of these conditions exist.
a
b
c
d
22108
a
b
c
d
- Suitable Mandrel
- Universal Puller Plate
- Bearing
- Driven Gear
Driven Gear Bearing Installation
1. Apply a light coat of gear lube to inside diameter of new bearing. Place a suitable
mandrel or old bearing race against new bearing race. Place another mandrel on face
of gear and press gear and bearing together.
d
c
b
a
22108
a
b
c
d
- Hard Wood Or Metal Block
- Driven Gear
- Tapered Roller Bearing
- Mandrel - On Inner Bearing Race
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3B-27
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Driven Gear Bearing Cup Removal and Inspection
1. Remove bearing cup and shims using slide hammer puller. Replace tapered roller
bearing and cup if cup is pitted, grooved, scored, worn uneven, discolored from
overheating or has metal particles embedded in the cup.
a
c
b
19808
a - Slide Hammer Puller
b - Bearing Cup
c - Shims
Driven Gear Bearing Cup Installation
1. Install driven gear bearing cup with original thickness shim(s) using bearing driver.
Ensure that cup is not canted. Coat cup outside diameter with gear lube.
d
c
a
b
75922
a
b
c
d
- Shim(s)
- Bearing Cup
- Driver (91-31106)
- Old Propeller Shaft Or Driver Rod
NOTE: If a MC-l propeller shaft is not available, use Driver Rod 91-37323 (from Bearing Removal and Installation Kit, 91-31229A7).
INDEX
Page 3B-28
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Speedometer Water Passage
Pickup Inspection and Cleaning
1. Inspect opening (pitot tube), on leading edge of gear housing, for obstruction. Clean
opening with a short piece of wire. If obstruction can not be removed with wire, carefully
reopen tube using a 5/64 in. (2 mm) diameter drill bit. Do not drill beyond a depth of
2-7/16 in. (62 mm).
a
22462
a - Pitot Tube
2. Inspect water passage seal for nicks, cuts or distortion. Replace if necessary.
a
22085
a - Water Passage Seal
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3B-29
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Water Passage Seal Replacement
1. Pry seal out with a suitable tool.
a
22085
a - Seal
2. Lightly coat outside diameter of seal with 3-M adhesive and install in speedometer water
passage bore. Ensure that top edge of seal is flush with gear housing surface.
a
22085
a - Seal
INDEX
Page 3B-30
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Gear Housing Reassembly And Shimming
1. Lubricate all bearings with gear lube before installing. Components must be lubricated
to obtain accurate bearing preload readings.
2. Install water passage O-ring and oil passage quad ring. Hold in place using 3-M
adhesive.
a
b
22222
a - O-Ring
b - Oil Passage Quad Ring
3. Install needle bearings into lower needle bearing casing. Use Quicksilver Needle
Bearing Assembly Lubricant to hold needle bearings in place.
a
b
22083
a - Needle Bearings
b - Needle Bearing Casing
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3B-31
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
4. Install driven gear assembly.
a
22083
a - Driven Gear Assembly
5. Install original thickness shim(s) and drive shaft lower bearing cup using bearing cup
driver. Use original shims or if misplaced, start with .050 in. (1.27 mm) thickness.
c
b
a
50409
a - Shim(s)
b - Lower Bearing Cup
c - Bearing Cup Driver (91-67443)
INDEX
Page 3B-32
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
6. Install drive shaft and pinion gear.
a
b
22258
a - Drive Shaft
b - Pinion Gear
7. Install pinion washer and screw. Apply Loctite 271 to threads of screw.
a
b
76877
a - Washer
b - Screw
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3B-33
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
8. Temporarily install bearing carrier retaining nut to prevent damage to threads.
9. Torque pinion screw to 45 lb-ft (61 Nm).
c
a
d
b
22260
a
b
c
d
- Drive Shaft Adaptor Tool (91-61077T)
- Breaker Bar And Socket
- Torque Wrench And Socket
- Bearing Carrier Retainer
10. Remove bearing carrier retainer nut previously placed in unit for protection of threads.
11. Install upper bearing cup and tab washer.
a
b
a - Tab Washer
b - Upper Bearing Cup
INDEX
Page 3B-34
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
12. Determine shim thickness required for drive shaft bearing preload using the following
procedure or use original thickness shims.
a. Measure distance between top of gear housing and tab washer using a 0-1 in. depth
micrometer.
a
22259
a - Depth Micrometer
b - Tab Washer
b. Measure thickness of spacer from top machined surface to bottom machined
surface.
b
a
22100
a - Outside Micrometer
b - Spacer
c. Calculate shim thickness as shown.
Measurement from step a. -minusMeasurement from step b. + .001 in. =
Shim Thickness Required.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3B-35
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
13. Install shims, spacer and O-ring.
c
a
b
22259
a - Shims
b - Spacer
c - O-ring
14. Install clamp plate on gear housing with nuts (2) and washers (4). Torque to 35 lb-ft
(47 Nm).
a
22262
a - Clamp Plate (91-43559T)
15. Using a dial-type lb-in. torque wrench, check the rolling preload by turning drive shaft
with a slow steady motion (3-5 lb-in. [0.3-0.6 Nm]).
a
b
50410
a - Torque Wrench
b - Drive Shaft Adaptor
INDEX
Page 3B-36
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
16. If preload is incorrect, adjust by adding or subtracting shims from upper tapered roller
bearing cup. Reinstall clamp plate and recheck preload [3-5 lb-in. (0.3-0.6 Nm)]. Record
final preload.
17. Check pinion height.
a. Rotate drive shaft several times to seat bearings. Insert shimming tool (91-42840)
into gear housing.
b. Measure clearance between tool and pinion gear with feeler gauge and shimming
tool. Clearance must be .025 in. (.635 mm). Take measurement at 3 locations on
pinion gear (120° apart).
b
a
76878
a - Shimming Tool
b - Feeler Gauge
c. If clearance is less than specified: Add appropriate thickness of shim(s) under lower
tapered roller bearing cup.
Any thickness added here Must be subtracted from shim thickness at upper
bearing.
If clearance is more than specified: Remove appropriate thickness of shim(s) from
under lower tapered roller bearing cup.
Any thickness subtracted here Must be added to shim thickness at upper
bearing.
e
d
c
b
a
a
b
c
d
e
22262
- Shims, Lower
- Bearing Cup, Lower
- Shims, Upper
- Spacer
- O-Ring
d. Recheck clearance after changing shim(s) in Step b.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3B-37
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
18. Using a dial-type lb-in. torque wrench, recheck the rolling preload by rotating drive shaft
with a slow steady motion (3-5 lb-in. [0.3-0.6 N⋅m]).
b
a
50410
a - Torque Wrench
b - Drive Shaft Adaptor
19. Install the original load ring, thrust ring, O-ring and propeller shaft into the gear housing.
c
b
a
d
c
b
a
76883
a
b
c
d
- O-ring
- Thrust Ring
- Load Ring
- Propeller Shaft
INDEX
Page 3B-38
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
20. Install bearing carrier and tab washer. Align inner tab of tab washer with V-notch in
bearing retainer.
d
a
c
b
23257
a
b
c
d
- Bearing Carrier
- Tab Washer
- Inner Tab
- Outer Tab
21. Install and tighten bearing carrier retaining nut using retainer wrench until resistance to
propeller shaft rotation can be felt (to preload bearings).
a
22112
a - Bearing Carrier Retainer Wrench (91-61069T)
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3B-39
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
22. Driven gear shimming:
a. Install dial indicator adaptor kit, backlash indicator rod and dial indicator set, as
shown. Ensure that dial rod is aligned with “I” on indicator rod.
b
c
a
22439
a - Dial Indicator Adaptor (91-83155)
b - Backlash Indicator Rod (91-53459)
c - Dial Indicator (91-58222A1)
b. Check gear backlash by lightly rotating drive shaft back and forth. Do not allow
propeller shaft to turn. Observe dial indicator. Reading should be .012-.015 in.
(.28-.38 mm).
c. If backlash is not correct, disassemble and proceed as follows:
If backlash is MORE than specified: ADD shim(s) under driven gear bearing cup.
If backlash is LESS than specified: REMOVE shim(s) under driven gear bearing cup.
d. Recheck backlash reading after reassembly.
23. Remove bearing carrier,O-ring, thrust ring and load ring.
24. Reinstall load ring,thrust ring,O-ring and bearing carrier using a NEW load ring.
IMPORTANT: Always use a new load ring for final assembly.
a
b
c
a
b
c
76884
a - O-ring
b - Thrust Ring
c - Load Ring
INDEX
Page 3B-40
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
IMPORTANT: Bearing carrier and threads on retainer must be lubricated to prevent
corrosion and cracking in gear housing. Use Quicksilver Special Lubricant 101 on
retainer threads; coat outside diameter on carrier mating surfaces with perfect seal.
25. Lubricate bearing carrier seals and fill space between seals with Quicksilver 2-4-C
Marine Lubricant with Teflon. Coat carrier mating surfaces with Perfect Seal.
b
a
b
22111
a - Space Between Seals
b - Mating Surfaces
26. Install bearing carrier and tab washer in gear housing. Align inner tab of tab washer with
V-notch in bearing retainer and outer tab with hole in gear housing.
27. Lubricate threads on bearing carrier retaining nut with Quicksilver Special Lubricant
101. Install and tighten bearing carrier retainer nut until resistance to propeller shaft
rotation can be felt (to preload bearings).
c
d
e
c - Tab Washer – V-Notch In Recess In Carrier
d - Bearing Carrier
e - Bearing Carrier Retainer Nut
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3B-41
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
28. To determine overall gear case preload, add propeller shaft bearing preload (previously
recorded) to drive shaft bearing preload as outlined in the example below.
IMPORTANT: The overall preload includes both the drive shaft preload and the gear
case preload.
Preloads
New Propeller Shaft Bearings
8-12 lb-in. (.9-1.4 Nm)2
Used Propeller Shaft Bearings1
5-8 lb-in. (.6-.9 Nm)2
Drive Shaft Bearings
3-5 lb-in. (.3-.5 Nm)
1 Bearing is considered used if spun under load even once (“under load” meaning: with power applied).
2 Plus drive shaft preload of 3-5 lb-in. (.3-.6 Nm)
Example:
. . . . . . . . . . . . Drive Shaft Preload
3 lb-in. (.3 Nm)
+
. . . . . . . . . . . . New Bearing Preload
8 lb-in. (.9 Nm)
11 lb-in. (1.2 Nm)
29. Tighten the retainer to the proper preload using the following procedure.
a. Tighten retainer nut in small increments using retainer wrench.
a
22112
a - Bearing Carrier Retainer Wrench (91-61069T)
INDEX
Page 3B-42
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
b. Using a lb-in. torque wrench, check overall gear housing bearing preload by rotating
propeller shaft in direction of normal rotation with a slow steady motion.
a
b
75924
a - Torque Wrench
b - Propeller Nut (Under Socket)
c. Continue tightening bearing carrier retainer nut and checking preload until specified
bearing preload is attained.
30. Bend one tab of tab washer into retaining nut as shown after propeller shaft preload has
been set correctly. Bend remaining tabs down into gear housing. Cushion housing to
avoid chipping or scratching paint.
a
b
c
19831
a - Tab Washer Tab
b - Groove In Retainer
c - Cushioning
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3B-43
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
31. Install gear housing to drive shaft housing. Torque fasteners to 35 lb-ft (47 Nm).
a
76879
b
a - Nuts And Washers (3 Each Side)
b - Bolt (Located In Anodic Plate Cavity)
32. Install anodic plate. Torque bolt to 20 lb-ft (27 Nm).
a
b
76880
a - Bolt
b - Anodic Plate
33. Install rubber plug.
a
22093
a - Rubber Plug
34. Reinstall sterndrive unit. Refer to SECTION 2A - Removal, Installation and Adjustments.
35. Fill sterndrive unit with Gear Lube. Refer to SECTION 1B - Maintenance.
INDEX
Page 3B-44
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Bravo XZ and XR Heavy Duty Propeller Shaft
Gear Housing Disassembly/Reassembly
For disassembly and reassembly of Bravo XZ and XR gear housings refer to instructions
for standard Bravo One gear housing. Procedures and specifications are identical except
for installation of bearing carrier, bearing carrier retainer nut and propeller hub.
Installing Bearing Carrier
1. Lubricate bearing carrier seals. Fill space between seals with 2-4-C Marine Lubricant
with Teflon and coat carrier mating surfaces with Perfect Seal. Lubricating bearing carrier and threads on retainer will help prevent corrosion and cracking in gear housing.
b
a
b
22111
a - Space Between Seals
b - Mating Surfaces
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3B-45
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
2. Position bearing carrier installation tool onto prop shaft as shown below.
3. Slide bearing carrier over installer tool and insert tab washer in gear housing. Position
inner tab in V-notch.
a
b
c
77110
a - Bearing Carrier Assembly
b - Bearing Carrier Installation Tool (91-840388)
c - Heavy Duty Prop Shaft
4. Use bearing carrier retainer nut wrench to tighten bearing carrier retainer nut.
a
a - Bearing Carrier Retainer Nut Wrench (91-840393)
INDEX
Page 3B-46
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Installing Propeller Hub Assembly
NOTE: Propeller Hub Assembly P/N 840389A1 will fit both long A45, A55 and short A46,
A56 bore hub propellers.
1. Apply a small amount of Special Lubricant 101 or 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon to
propeller hub assembly.
2. Use an arbor press (preferred) or suitable tool such as a rubber or plastic hammer to
install propeller hub assembly.
3. Install propeller hub assembly into propeller until propeller hub shoulder is touching top
edge of propeller bore.
a
c
b
d
77111
a
b
c
d
- Arbor Press
- Propeller Hub Assembly
- Propeller Hub Shoulder
- Propeller
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3B-47
BRAVO ONE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
THIS PAGE IS INTENTIONALLY BLANK
INDEX
Page 3B-48
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
STERNDRIVE UNIT
Section 3C - Bravo Two Gear Housing
Table of Contents
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Torque Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bearing Preloads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gear Ratio - Teeth per Gear
(Gear Housing) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lubricants/Sealants/Adhesives . . . . . . .
Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bravo Two Gear Housing Exploded View
Drive Shaft and Propeller
Shaft Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pre-Disassembly Inspection . . . . . . . . . .
Drive Shaft Housing and Gear
Housing Separation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gear Housing Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . .
Drive Shaft and Pinion Bearing . . . . . . .
Inspection and Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . .
Drive Shaft Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . .
Pinion Bearing Removal . . . . . . . . . . .
Pinion Bearing Installation . . . . . . . . .
Drive Shaft Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . .
3C-2
3C-2
3C-2
3C-2
3C-2
3C-3
3C-4
3C-4
3C-6
3C-7
3C-8
3C-14
3C-14
3C-15
3C-16
3C-17
3C-18
Bearing Carrier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Propeller Shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Propeller Shaft Bearing Removal . . .
Propeller Shaft Bearing Installation .
Driven Gear Bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Driven Gear Bearing Removal . . . . . .
Driven Gear Bearing Installation . . . .
Driven Gear Bearing Cup Removal
and Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Driven Gear Bearing Cup Installation
Speedometer Water Passage . . . . . . . . .
Pickup Inspection and Cleaning . . . .
Water Passage Seal Replacement . .
Gear Housing Reassembly and
Shimming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3C-19
3C-19
3C-20
3C-21
3C-23
3C-23
3C-24
3C-24
3C-25
3C-25
3C-25
3C-26
3C-26
3C-27
3C-27
3C-27
3C-28
3C-29
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3C-1
3
C
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Specifications
Torque Specifications
lb-ft
Nm
Drive Shaft Pinion Nut
100
136
Drive Shaft Housing to Gear Housing Nuts and Bolt
35
48
Anodic Plate Screw
20
27
Fastener Location
lb-in.
Oil Fill/Drain Plug
40
Propeller Nut
4.5
60
82
Bearing Preloads
lb-in.
Nm
3-5
0.3-0.6
Propeller Shaft Bearings Checked at Propeller Shaft (New Bearings)
8-121
0.9-1.4 1
Propeller Shaft Bearings Checked at Propeller Shaft (Used Bearings)2
5-81
0.6-0.9 1
Description
Drive Shaft Bearings
1 DOES NOT include 3 to 5 lb-in. (0.3-0.6 Nm)
2 A bearing is used if spun once under load.
on drive shaft.
Gear Ratio - Teeth per Gear (Gear Housing)
Ratio
Drive
Driven
2.20:1
16
27
2.00:1
16
27
1.81:1
16
27
1.65:1
18
25
1.50:1
18
25
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives
Description
Part Number
Quicksilver High-Performance Gear Lube
92-850743A1
Quicksilver 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon
92-825407A12
Quicksilver Special Lubricant 101
92-13872A1
Quicksilver Needle Bearing Assembly Lubricant
92-825265A1
Perfect Seal
92-34227--1
3-M Adhesive
92-86166Q1
Loctite Type 271
Quicksilver Engine Coupler Spline Grease
92-809820
92-816391A4
INDEX
Page 3C-2
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Tools
Description
Part Number
Universal Puller Plate
91-37241
Bearing / Seal Driver
91-813653
Bearing Driver
91-89867T
Threaded Rod
91-31229
Bearing Cup Driver
Driver Rod
91-67443T
91-37323
Bearing Removal Tool
91-63638T
Drive Shaft Adaptor Tool
91-56775T
Bearing Driver
91-55919
Bearing Cup Driver
91-63626
Bearing Driver
91-55918
Oil Seal Driver
91-55916
Bearing Driver
91-68891T
Seal / Bearing Driver
91-63619T
Retainer Wrench
91-17257
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3C-3
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Bravo Two Gear Housing Exploded View
Drive Shaft and Propeller Shaft Components
21
20
19
18
17
13
16
14
15
A
3
48
D
12
9
4
2
47
46
11
10
1
7
6
8
D
45
D
44
26
5
29
B
25
22
C
23
31
27
24
G
32
F
28
35
43
42
40
41
39
38
H
D
C
37
D
34 36
33
30
E
75971
INDEX
Page 3C-4
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
1 - Gear Housing
2 - Stud
3 - O-Ring
4 - Seal
5 - Roller Bearing
6 - Fill/Drain Screw
7 - O-Ring
8 - Anodic Plate
9 - Screw
10 - Washer
11 - Shim
12 - Tapered Roller Bearing
13 - Drive Shaft
14 - Bearing Race
15 - Tapered Roller Bearing
16 - Tab Washer
17 - Shim Assembly
18 - Spacer
19 - O-Ring
20 - Coupling
21 - Retaining Ring
22 - Pinion Gear
23 - Washer
24 - Nut
25 - Shim Assembly
26 - Tapered Roller Bearing
27 - Propeller Shaft
28 - Tapered Roller Bearing
29 - Drive Gear
30 - Thrust Ring
31 - Load Ring
32 - O-Ring
33 - Bearing Carrier
34 - Roller Bearing
35 - Oil Seal
36 - Locating Key
37 - Tab Washer
38 - Bearing Carrier Retainer
39 - Thrust Hub
40 - Washer Assembly
41 - Thrust Washer
42 - Tab Washer
43 - Propeller Nut
44 - Screw
45 - Lockwasher
46 - Washer
47 - Nut
48 - Quad Ring
A
- 3M Brand Adhesive
B
- Quicksilver Needle Bearing Assembly Lubricant
C
- Loctite 271
D
- Quicksilver High Performance Gear Lube (Use on All Bearing Surfaces)
E
- Quicksilver Special Lubricant 101
F
- Quicksilver 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon
G
- Quicksilver Engine Coupler Spline Grease
H
- Perfect Seal
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3C-5
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Pre-Disassembly Inspection
1. Bend tabs straight on tab washer. Remove nut, washer, spline washer, propeller and
thrust hub.
c
b
e
a
b
c
d
e
d
a
22074
- Tab Washer
- Nut
- Spline Washer
- Propeller
- Thrust Hub
2. Check propeller shaft for side to side movement, as follows:
a. Position dial indicator on propeller shaft.
b. Push propeller shaft to one side and zero the dial indicator.
c. Move propeller shaft to opposite side while observing dial indicator. Without rotating
propeller shaft, reposition dial indicator and check up and down deflection. A shaft
deflection of more than .003 in. (0.08 mm) indicates one of the following:
(1.) Worn propeller shaft bearings.
(2.) Improper propeller shaft preload.
76904
3. Check for a bent propeller shaft, as follows:
a. Rotate propeller shaft while observing dial indicator. If deflection is more than .007
in. (.178 mm), a bent propeller shaft is indicated.
INDEX
Page 3C-6
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Drive Shaft Housing and Gear Housing Separation
1. Remove, empty and clean gear lube monitor.
2. Tilt drive unit to a 45° angle. Remove fill/drain screw and drive shaft housing vent screw.
Allow drive unit to drain completely.
a
76801
a - Fill/Drain Screw
3. Remove gear housing from drive shaft housing.
a
b
a - Nuts And Washers (6)
b - Bolt (1)
4. Finish draining gear case by turning upside down over a container.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3C-7
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Gear Housing Disassembly
1. Remove bolt and anodic plate.
a
76801
a - Bolt
CAUTION
Clamp plate (91-43559) must be installed on gear housing when gear housing is
separated from drive shaft housing.
2. Install clamp plate, nuts and 4 washers on gear housing. Tighten securely.
a
22439
a - Clamp Plate (91-43559)
3. Bend tabs of tab washer away from bearing carrier retainer nut.
b
c
a
19830
a - Tab Washer
b - Bearing Carrier Retainer Nut
c - Punch
INDEX
Page 3C-8
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
4. Remove bearing carrier retainer nut using bearing carrier retainer wrench
(P/N 91-17257).
a
22112
a - Bearing Carrier Retainer Wrench
5. Remove bearing carrier using slide hammer puller.
a
b
19842
a - Slide Hammer Puller, 91-34569A1
b - Puller Jaws, 91-46086A1
6. Remove propeller shaft assembly.
a
24211
a - Lift Propeller Shaft From Gear Housing
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3C-9
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
7. Remove items shown.
a
b
c
24211
a - O-Ring
b - Thrust Ring
c - Load Ring
8. Temporarily reinstall retainer nut in gear housing to protect housing threads.
a
22217
a - Retainer Nut
INDEX
Page 3C-10
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
9. Remove pinion gear nut and washer. Hold drive shaft using drive shaft adaptor tool.
a
d
b
c
75921
a
b
c
d
- Drive Shaft Adaptor Tool (91-61077T)
- Breaker Bar And Socket
- Pinion Gear
- Bearing Carrier Retainer
10. Remove clamp plate (installed in Step 2), then remove O-ring, spacer, shim(s) and tab
washer. Retain shims for reassembly.
a b
c
d
e
22262
a
b
c
d
e
- Drive Shaft
- Pinion Gear
- Spacer
- Shim(s)
- Tab Washer
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3C-11
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
11. Remove drive shaft and pinion gear.
a
b
76871
a - Drive Shaft
b - Pinion Gear
12. Remove driven gear and bearing.
a
22283
a - Driven Gear And Bearing
13. Remove drive shaft bearing cup and shims. Retain shims for reassembly.
a
b
22261
a - Drive Shaft Bearing Cup
b - Shims
INDEX
Page 3C-12
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
14. Unless you plan to remove the pinion bearing, remove needle bearings from drive shaft
needle bearing race. (See Pinion Bearing Removal)
b
a
22083
a - Needle Bearings
b - Drive Shaft Needle Bearing Race
15. Remove water passage O-ring and oil passage quad ring.
b
a
22222
a - Remote Water Passage O-Ring
b - Oil Passage Quad Ring
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3C-13
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Drive Shaft and Pinion Bearing
Inspection and Cleaning
1. The condition of the drive shaft tapered bearing cups is an indication of the condition of
the tapered roller bearings on the drive shaft. Replace bearing and bearing cup if cup
is pitted, grooved, scored, worn uneven, discolored from overheating or has embedded
metal particles.
2. The condition of the bearing surface on drive shaft at needle bearing location is an
indication of the condition of needle bearings. Replace needles and sleeve if pitted,
grooved, scored, worn uneven, discolored from overheating or has embedded metal
particles.
3. Inspect splines for worn or twisted condition. Replace drive shaft if either condition
exists.
4. Clean all parts that are to be reused with solvent. Dry parts completely using
compressed air, being careful not to spin bearings.
INDEX
Page 3C-14
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Drive Shaft Disassembly
NOTE: Bearing assembly must be replaced if removed from drive shaft. Tapered roller bearings are damaged when removing.
1. Press tapered roller bearing from shaft using universal puller plate to support bearing
on bearing inner race. Remove second tapered roller bearing in same manner.
a
b
c
22109
a - Drive Shaft
b - Bearing
c - Universal Puller Plate (91-37241)
2. Press drive shaft pinion bearing inner race from drive shaft, using universal puller plate.
b
a
c
24210
a - Drive Shaft
b - Pinion Bearing Inner Race
c - Universal Puller Plate (P/N 91-37241)
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3C-15
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Pinion Bearing Removal
IMPORTANT: All needle bearings MUST BE in place inside bearing casing while driving pinion bearing from gear case or bearing casing will bend or break and become
difficult to remove.
1. Heat area around bearing remover to approximately 200° F (93.3_C) to ease removal.
Do not use open flame. Remove pinion bearing using bearing remover and driver rod.
Use bearing driver as a pilot.
b
a
c
d
75902
a
b
c
d
- Bearing Driver (91-813653)
- Driver Rod (91-37323)
- Bearing Remover (91-63638)
- Area Around Pinion Bearing
INDEX
Page 3C-16
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Pinion Bearing Installation
1. Install needles in casing. Use Needle Bearing Assembly Lubricant to help keep needles
in place. Position bearing assembly over bearing installation tool with number on
bearing casing facing up. Coat casing outside diameter with gear lube.
22219
2. Install pinion bearing using tools as shown. Use the bearing driver as a pilot.
b
c
a
d
a
b
c
d
22222
- Bearing Driver (91-813653)
- Puller Shaft (91-31229)
- Washer And Nut
- Driver (91-89867T)
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3C-17
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Drive Shaft Reassembly
1. Lubricate inside diameter of tapered roller bearing with gear lube. Press small tapered
roller bearing onto drive shaft using universal puller plate. Ensure that smaller outside
diameter faces pinion end of shaft.
b
c
a
22109
a - Universal Puller Plate
b - Drive Shaft
c - Small Tapered Roller Bearing
2. Lubricate inside diameter of tapered roller bearing with gear lube. Press large tapered
roller bearing onto drive shaft using suitable mandrel or old bearing race. Ensure that
larger outside diameter faces pinion end of shaft.
b
c
a
22109
a - Suitable Mandrel (On Inner Race Of Bearing)
b - Drive Shaft
c - Large Tapered Roller Bearing
INDEX
Page 3C-18
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
3. Press drive shaft pinion bearing inner-race onto drive shaft until race is fully seated,
using universal puller plate.
a
b
c
24210
a - Drive Shaft
b - Pinion Bearing Inner-Race
c - Universal Puller Plate (91-37241)
Bearing Carrier
Inspection
1. The condition of the propeller shaft tapered roller bearing cup is an indication of the
condition of tapered roller bearing on propeller shaft. Replace bearing and cup if cup is
pitted, grooved, scored, worn, uneven, discolored from overheating or has embedded
metal particles.
2. Check bearing carrier for signs of corrosion, especially on gear housing to bearing
carrier mating surfaces. If corrosion is evident, replace bearing carrier.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3C-19
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Disassembly
1. Perform Method “a or b,” following:
a. Method A – If Replacing Propeller Shaft Needle Bearing
(1.) Press needle bearing and oil seals from carrier.
NOTE: Needle bearing MUST BE replaced, if removed.
d
e
a
b
a
b
c
d
e
50023
- Needle Bearing
- Oil Seals (2)
- Driver - 91-55919
- Driver Rod
- Bearing Cup
b. Method B – If Propeller Shaft Needle Bearing Replacement is NOT Required
(1.) Pry oil seals from carrier.
b
a
50024
a - Oil Seals (2)
b - Pry Bar Or Screwdriver
INDEX
Page 3C-20
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
2. Remove bearing cup using slide hammer puller (P/N 91-34569A1).
b
a
50025
a - Slide Hammer Puller
b - Bearing Cup
Reassembly
1. Install bearing cup using cup and seal driver.
a
b
50023
a - Cup and Seal Driver - 91-63626
b - Bearing Cup
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3C-21
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
2. Install needle bearing using bearing driver and driver rod.
a
b
c
50025
a - Driver Rod - *91-37323
b - Driver - 91-55918
c - Needle Bearing
* Contained in Bearing Removal and Installation Tool Kit, 91-31229A7.
3. Coat outside diameter of oil seal with Loctite 271. Install inner oil seal with lip facing
inward using cup and seal driver (P/N 91-55916).
a
b
50024
a - Cup And Seal Driver
b - Inner Oil Seal
INDEX
Page 3C-22
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
4. Coat outside diameter of oil seal with Loctite 271. Install outer oil seal with lip facing
outward using cup and seal driver (P/N 91-55916).
a
b
50025
a - Cup And Seal Driver
b - Outer Oil Seal
5. Fill area between seals with Quicksilver 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon.
Propeller Shaft
Inspection
1. Check propeller shaft for bent condition. Use either method “a or b” following:
a. Lathe And Dial Indicator Method:
(1.) Position propeller shaft centers in lathe.
(2.) Mount dial indicator at front edge of propeller shaft.
(3.) Rotate shaft and observe dial indicator. Movement of more than .007 in.
(.179 mm) is reason for replacement.
b. V-blocks And Dial Indicator Method:
(1.) Position propeller shaft bearing surfaces on V-blocks.
(2.) Mount a dial indicator at front edge of propeller shaft.
(3.) Rotate shaft and observe dial indicator. Movement of more than .007 in.
(.179 mm) is reason for replacement.
2. Inspect for bent or twisted splines.
3. Inspect surface of shaft where bearing carrier oil seal lips contact shaft. Oil seals will
have to be replaced if any grooves are found.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3C-23
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Propeller Shaft Bearing Removal
1. Press bearing from shaft using universal puller plate.
a
c
b
22110
a - Propeller Shaft
b - Universal Puller Plate
c - Tapered Roller Bearing
Propeller Shaft Bearing Installation
1. Apply Gear Lube to inside diameter of new bearing. Install bearing to shaft using
universal puller plate and a suitable mandrel (old bearing race) which supports bearing
on inner race. Press into place.
a
b
d
c
22110
a
b
c
d
- Propeller Shaft
- Tapered Roller Bearing
- Suitable Mandrel
- Universal Puller Plate
INDEX
Page 3C-24
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Driven Gear Bearing
Inspection
1. Remove bearing from driven gear. Inspect both the driven gear and the pinion gear for
pitting, chipped or broken teeth and excessive or uneven wear. Replace both gears if
any of these conditions exist.
2. Replace tapered roller bearing and cup if cup is pitted, grooved, scoured, worn uneven,
discolored from overheating or has metal particles embedded in the cup.
Driven Gear Bearing Removal
1. Remove bearing from driven gear using universal puller plate. Inspect both the driven
gear and the pinion gear for pitting, chipped or broken teeth and excessive or uneven
wear. Replace both gears if any of these conditions exist.
c
a
b
d
22108
a
b
c
d
- Suitable Mandrel
- Universal Puller Plate
- Bearing
- Driven Gear
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3C-25
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Driven Gear Bearing Installation
1. Apply Gear Lube to inside diameter of new bearing. Place a suitable mandrel (old
bearing race) against new bearing race. Place another mandrel on face of gear and
press gear and bearing together.
d
c
b
a
22108
a
b
c
d
- Hard Wood Or Metal Block
- Driven Gear
- Tapered Roller Bearing
- Mandrel – Contacting Inner Race
Driven Gear Bearing Cup Removal and Inspection
1. Remove bearing cup and shims using slide hammer puller. Replace tapered roller
bearing and cup if cup is pitted, grooved, scored, worn uneven, discolored from
overheating or has metal particles embedded in the cup.
a
c
b
19808
a - Slide Hammer Puller, 91-34569A1
b - Bearing Cup
c - Shims
INDEX
Page 3C-26
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Driven Gear Bearing Cup Installation
1. Install driven gear bearing cup with original thickness shim(s) using bearing driver.
Ensure that cup is not canted. Coat cup outside diameter with gear lube.
b
a
c
d
a
b
c
d
19917
- Driver - 91-63626
- Old MC-I Propeller Shaft
- Bearing Cup
- Shim(s)
NOTE: If a MC-l propeller shaft is not available, use Driver Rod 91-37323 (from Bearing Removal and Installation Kit, 91-31229A7).
Speedometer Water Passage
Pickup Inspection and Cleaning
1. Inspect pitot tube on leading edge of gear housing for obstruction. Clean opening with
a short piece of wire. If obstruction can not be removed with wire, carefully re-open tube
using a 5/64 in. (2 mm) diameter drill bit. Do not drill beyond a depth of 2-7/16 in. (62
mm).
a
22462
a - Pitot Tube
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3C-27
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
2. Inspect water passage seal for nicks, cuts or distortion. Replace if necessary.
a
22085
a - Speedometer Water Passage Seal
Water Passage Seal Replacement
1. Pry rubber seal out with a suitable tool.
a
22085
a - Rubber Seal
2. Lightly coat outside diameter of seal with 3-M adhesive (92-86166Q1) and install in
speedometer water passage bore. Ensure that top edge of seal is flush with gear
housing surface.
a
22085
a - Seal
INDEX
Page 3C-28
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Gear Housing Reassembly and Shimming
1. Lubricate all gears and bearings with gear lube before installing. Components must be
lubricated to obtain accurate bearing preload readings.
2. Install water passage O-ring and oil passage quad ring. Hold in place using 3-M
Adhesive.
a
b
22222
a - Water Passage O-Ring
b - Oil Passage Quad Ring
3. Install needle bearings into lower needle bearing casing. Use Quicksilver Needle
Bearing Assembly Lubricant to hold needle bearings in place.
a
b
22083
a - Needle Bearings
b - Needle Bearing Casing
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3C-29
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
4. Install driven gear assembly.
a
22083
a - Driven Gear Assembly
5. Install original thickness shim(s) and drive shaft lower bearing cup using cup driver and
old drive shaft. Use original shims or if lost or misplaced, start with .050 in. (1.27 mm).
d
b
c
a
75903
.
a
b
c
d
- Shims
- Lower Bearing Cup
- Cup Driver
- Old Drive Shaft
INDEX
Page 3C-30
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
6. Install drive shaft and pinion gear.
a
b
22258
a - Drive Shaft
b - Pinion Gear
7. Install washer and new pinion nut. Apply Loctite 271 to threads of nut.
a
b
71543
a - Washer
b - Pinion Nut
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3C-31
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
8. Temporarily install bearing carrier retainer nut to avoid damage to threads.
9. Torque pinion nut to 100 lb-ft (136 Nm).
c
a
d
b
a
b
c
d
- Drive Shaft Adaptor Tool (91-61077T)
- Breaker Bar And Socket
- Torque Wrench And Socket
- Bearing Carrier Retainer Nut
10. Remove bearing carrier retainer nut previously placed in unit for protection of threads.
11. Install upper bearing cup and tab washer.
a
b
a - Tab Washer
b - Upper Bearing Cup
INDEX
Page 3C-32
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
12. Determine shim thickness required for drive shaft bearing preload using the following
procedure or use original thickness shims.
a. Measure distance between top of gear housing and tab washer using a 0-1 in. depth
micrometer.
a
b
22259
a - Depth Micrometer
b - Tab Washer
b. Measure thickness of spacer from top machined surface to bottom machined surface.
b
a
22112
a - Outside Micrometer
b - Spacer
c. Calculate shim thickness as shown.
Measurement from Step a. -minusMeasurement from Step b. + .001 in. =
Shim Thickness Required.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3C-33
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
13. Install shims, spacer and O-ring.
c
a
b
22259
a - Shims
b - Spacer
c - O-Ring
14. Install clamp plate on gear housing with nuts and 4 washers. Torque to 35 lb-ft (47 Nm).
a
22262
a - Clamp Plate (P/N 91-43559T)
15. Using a dial-type lb-in. torque wrench, check the rolling preload by turning drive shaft
with a slow steady motion (3-5 lb-in. [0.3-0.6 Nm]).
b
a
50410
a - Torque Wrench
b - Drive Shaft Adaptor
INDEX
Page 3C-34
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
16. If preload is incorrect, adjust by adding or subtracting shims from upper tapered roller
bearing cup. Reinstall clamp plate and recheck preload (3-5 lb-in. [0.3-0.6 Nm]). Record
final preload.
17. Check pinion height.
a. Rotate drive shaft several times to seat bearings. Insert shimming tool into gear
housing.
b. Measure clearance between tool and pinion gear using feeler gauge and shimming
tool. Clearance must be .025 in. (.635 mm). Take measurement at 3 locations on pinion gear (120° apart).
b
a
50370
a - Shimming Tool (P/N 91-96512)
b - Feeler Gauge
c. If clearance is less than specified: Add appropriate thickness of shim(s) under lower
tapered roller bearing cup.
Any thickness added here must be subtracted from shim thickness at upper
bearing.
If clearance is more than specified: Remove appropriate thickness of shim(s) from
under lower tapered roller bearing cup.
Any thickness subtracted here must be added to shim thickness at upper
bearing.
e
d
c
b
a
a
b
c
d
e
22262
- Shims, Lower
- Bearing Cup, Lower
- Shims, Upper
- Spacer
- O-Ring
d. Recheck clearance after changing shim(s), (Step b., above).
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3C-35
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
18. Using a dial-type lb-in. torque wrench, recheck the rolling preload by rotating drive shaft
with a slow steady motion (3-5 lb-in. [0.3-0.6 Nm]).
b
a
50410
a - Torque Wrench
b - Drive Shaft Adaptor
19. Install the original load ring, thrust ring and O-ring into the gear housing.
c
b
a
d
c
b
a
76883
a
b
c
d
- Load Ring
- Thrust Ring
- O-Ring
- Propeller Shaft
20. Install bearing carrier and tab washer. Align inner tab of tab washer with V-notch in
bearing retainer and outer tab with hole in gear housing.
a
b
a - Bearing Carrier
b - Tab Washer
INDEX
Page 3C-36
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
21. Install and tighten bearing carrier retaining nut using retainer wrench until resistance to
propeller shaft rotation can be felt (to preload bearings).
a
22112
a - Bearing Carrier Retainer Wrench (91-17257)
22. Driven gear shimming:
a. Install dial indicator adaptor, backlash indicator rod and dial indicator as shown.
Ensure that dial rod is aligned with “II” on indicator rod.
b
c
a
22439
a - Dial Indicator Adaptor (P/N 91-83155)
b - Backlash Indicator Rod (P/N 91-53459)
c - Dial Indicator (P/N 91-58222A1)
b. Check gear backlash by lightly rotating drive shaft back and forth. Do not allow
propeller shaft to turn. Observe dial indicator. Reading should be .009-.015 in.
(.23-.38 mm).
c. If backlash is not correct, disassemble and proceed as follows:
If backlash is MORE than specified: ADD shim(s) under driven gear bearing cup.
If backlash is LESS than specified: REMOVE shim(s) under driven gear bearing cup.
d. Recheck backlash reading after reassembly.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3C-37
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
23. Remove bearing carrier and items shown. Reinstall items shown using NEW load ring.
IMPORTANT: Always use a new load ring when reassembling.
a
b
c
a
b
c
76884
a - O-Ring
b - Thrust Ring
c - Load Ring
IMPORTANT: Bearing carrier and threads on retainer must be lubricated to prevent
corrosion and cracking in gear housing. Use Quicksilver Special Lubricant 101 on
retainer; coat outside diameter on carrier “rounds” (b) with Perfect Seal.
24. Lubricate bearing carrier seals and fill space between seals with Quicksilver 2-4-C
marine lubricant with Teflon. Coat carrier mating surfaces with Perfect Seal.
a
b
b
a - Space Between Seals
b - Carrier Mating Surfaces
INDEX
Page 3C-38
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
25. Install bearing carrier and tab washer in gear housing.
26. Lubricate threads on bearing carrier retaining nut with Quicksilver Special Lubricant
101. Install and tighten bearing carrier retainer nut until resistance to propeller shaft
rotation can be felt (to preload bearings).
c
d
e
c - Tab Washer – V-Notch In Recess In Carrier
d - Bearing Carrier
e - Bearing Carrier Retainer Nut
27. To determine overall gear case preload, add drive shaft bearing preload (previously
recorded) to propeller shaft bearing preload as outlined in the example below.
IMPORTANT: The overall preload includes both the drive shaft preload and the gear
case preload.
Preloads
New Propeller Shaft Bearings
8-12 lb-in. (.9-1.4 Nm)2
Used Propeller Shaft Bearings1
5-8 lb-in. (.6-.9 Nm)2
Drive Shaft Bearings
3-5 lb-in. (.3-.5 Nm)
1 Bearing is considered used if spun under load even once (“under load” meaning: with power applied).
2 Plus drive shaft preload of 3-5 lb-in. (.3-.6 Nm)
Example:
. . . . . . . . . . . . Drive Shaft Preload
3 lb-in. (.3 Nm)
+
. . . . . . . . . . . . New Bearing Preload
8 lb-in. (.9 Nm)
11 lb-in. (1.2 Nm)
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3C-39
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
28. Tighten the retainer to the proper preload using the following procedure.
a. Tighten retainer in small increments using retainer nut wrench.
a
22112
a - Bearing Carrier Retainer Wrench (P/N 91-17257)
b. Using an lb-in. torque wrench , check overall gear housing bearing preload by rotating propeller shaft in direction of normal rotation with a slow steady motion.
a
b
a - Torque Wrench (P/N 91-66274)
b - Propeller Nut (under socket)
c. Continue tightening bearing carrier retainer nut and checking preload until specified
bearing preload is attained.
INDEX
Page 3C-40
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
29. Bend one tab into retaining nut as shown after propeller shaft preload has been set
correctly. Bend remaining tabs down into gear housing. Cushion housing to avoid
chipping or scratching paint.
a
b
c
19831
a - Tab Washer Tab
b - Groove In Retainer
c - Cushioning
30. Install anodic plate. Torque screw to 20 lb-ft (27 Nm).
a
a - Screw
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3C-41
BRAVO TWO GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
31. Install gear housing to drive shaft housing. Torque fasteners to 35 lb-ft (47 Nm).
a
b
a - Nuts And Washers (3 Each Side)
b - Bolt (1)
32. Reinstall drive unit. Refer to SECTION 2A - Removal, Installation and Adjustments.
33. Fill drive unit with Gear Lube. Refer to SECTION 1B - Maintenance.
INDEX
Page 3C-42
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
STERNDRIVE UNIT
Section 3D - Bravo Three Gear Housing
Table of Contents
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Torque Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bearing Preloads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gear Ratio - Teeth per Gear
(Gear Housing) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Torque Conversion Chart For
Bearing Carrier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Torque Conversion Chart For
Bearing Retainer Nut . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Torquing Outer Prop Shaft Bearing
Retainer and Bearing Carrier . . . . . .
Lubricants/Sealants/Adhesives . . . . . . .
Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bravo Three Gear Housing Exploded
View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drive Shaft and Propeller Shaft
Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pre-Disassembly Inspection . . . . . . . . . .
Gear Housing Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . .
Drive Shaft and Pinion Bearing
Inspection and Cleaning . . . . . . . . . .
Drive Shaft Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . .
Pinion Bearing Removal . . . . . . . . . . .
Pinion Bearing Installation . . . . . . . . .
Drive Shaft Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . .
3D-2
3D-2
3D-2
3D-2
3D-3
3D-3
3D-4
3D-4
3D-5
3D-6
3D-6
3D-8
3D-9
3D-15
3D-16
3D-16
3D-17
3D-18
Component Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Propeller Shaft Disassembly . . . . . . .
Bearing Carrier Inspection . . . . . . . . .
Bearing Carrier Servicing . . . . . . . . . .
Propeller Shaft Inspection . . . . . . . . .
Outer Propeller Shaft Servicing . . . . .
Front and Rear Driven Gear and
Bearing Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front and Rear Driven Gear
Bearing Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front Driven Gear Bearing Cup
Removal and Inspection . . . . . . . . . .
Propeller Shaft Spline Lash Check . .
Front Driven Gear Bearing Cup
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Speedometer Water Passage
Inspection and Cleaning . . . . . . . . . .
Speedometer Water Tube Seal
Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gear Housing Reassembly and
Shimming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking Backlash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing Gear Housing On Drive
Shaft Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Propeller Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3D-15
3D-19
3D-20
3D-20
3D-21
3D-22
3D-23
3D-23
3D-23
3D-24
3D-25
3D-25
3D-26
3D-26
3D-33
3D-39
3D-40
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3D-1
3
D
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Specifications
Torque Specifications
NOTE: Securely tighten all fasteners not listed below.
DESCRIPTION
lb-in.
Oil Fill/Drain Screw
lb-ft
40
Nm
5
Drive Shaft Pinion Gear (Bolt)
45
61
Bearing Carrier (Left-Hand Thread)
150
203
Outer Propeller Shaft Bearing Retainer
Nut (Left-Hand Thread)
Drive Shaft Housing to Gear Housing
Nuts and Bolt
Anode Plate
200
271
35
47.5
20
27
Front Propeller Nut
100
136
Rear Propeller Nut
60
81
Bearing Preloads
DESCRIPTION
Drive Shaft Bearing
Overall Preload Checked at Inner Propeller
Shaft (New Bearings)
Overall Gear Case Preload Checked at Inner
Propeller Shaft (Used Bearings)**
lb-in.
Nm
3-5
.3-.6
8-18*
.9-2*
5-15*
.6-1.7*
*Includes drive shaft preload
** A bearing is used if spun once under load.
Gear Ratio - Teeth per Gear (Gear Housing)
RATIO
2.43:1
2.20:1
2.00:1
1.81:1
1.65:1
1.50:1
1.36:1
DRIVE
13
16
16
16
18
15
15
DRIVEN
24
27
27
27
25
19
19
DRIVEN
24
27
27
27
25
19
19
INDEX
Page 3D-2
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Torque Conversion Chart For Bearing Carrier
Torque Wrench Length in Inches (mm)
a
Torque Wrench Reading in lb-ft (Nm) to Achieve 150
lb-ft (203 Nm)
15 (381)
16 (406)
17 (432)
18 (457)
19 (483)
20 (508)
21 (533)
22 (559)
23 (584)
24 (610)
25 (635)
26 (660)
27 (686)
28 (711)
29 (737)
30 (762)
31 (787)
32 (813)
33 (838)
34 (864)
35 (889)
36 (914)
122 (165)
123 (167)
124 (168)
126 (171)
127 (172)
128 (174)
129 (175)
129 (175)
130 (176)
131 (178)
132 (179)
132 (179)
133 (180)
133 (180)
134 (182)
134 (182)
135 (183)
135 (183)
136 (184)
136 (184)
136 (184)
137 (186)
a
72209
Torque Conversion Chart For Bearing Retainer Nut
Torque Wrench Length (A) in Inches (mm)
a
15 (381)
16 (406)
17 (432)
18 (457)
19 (483)
20 (508)
21 (533)
22 (559)
23 (584)
24 (610)
25 (635)
26 (660)
27 (686)
28 (711)
29 (737)
30 (762)
31 (787)
32 (813)
33 (838)
34 (864)
35 (889)
36 (914)
Torque Wrench Reading in lb-ft (Nm) to Achieve 200
lb-ft (271 Nm)
162(220)
164 (222)
166 (225)
167 (226)
169 (229)
170 (230)
171 (232)
173 (235)
174 (236)
175 (237)
175 (237)
176 (239)
177 (240)
178 (241)
178 (241)
179 (243)
180 (244)
180 (244)
181 (245)
181 (245)
182 (247)
182 (247)
a - Torque Wrench Length
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3D-3
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Torquing Outer Prop Shaft Bearing Retainer and Bearing Carrier
Use the following procedure to allow torquing outer prop shaft bearing retainer and bearing
carrier with a torque wrench.
1. On beam-type torque wrenches, measure from square drive to fulcrum (pivot) point of
handle.
2. On click-stop or dial type torque wrenches, measure from square drive to reference
mark on handle (two bands, etc.).
Lubricants/Sealants/Adhesives
Description
Part Number
Quicksilver 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with
Teflon
Quicksilver Special Lubricant 101
92-825407A2
3-M Adhesive
92-86166Q1
Loctite 271
92-13872A1
92-809820
Quicksilver High Performance Gear Lube
92-19007A24
Needle Bearing Assembly Lubricant
92-825265A1
Perfect Seal
92-34227-1
Loctite 242
Obtain Locally
INDEX
Page 3D-4
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Tools
Description
Part No.
Dial Indicator Set
91-58222A1
Slide Hammer Puller
91-34569A1
Torque Wrench (lb-in.)
91-66274
Clamp Plate
91-43559
Universal Puller Plate
91-37241
Threaded Rod
91-31229
Bearing Driver
91-89867
Bearing Driver
91-89868
Bearing Cup Driver
91-67443
Backlash Indicator Rod (Inner Propeller Shaft)
91-805481
Backlash Indicator Rod (Outer Propeller Shaft)
91-805482
Bearing Carrier Installation / Removal Tool
91-805374--1
Drive Shaft Pinion Bearing Driver
91-63638
Outer Propeller Shaft Bearing Installation Tool
91-805352
Outer Propeller Shaft Seal installation Tool
91-805358
Bearing Carrier Seal Installation Tool
91-805372
Front Bearing Race Driver Rod
91-805454
Propeller Nut Installation Tool
91-805457-1
Shimming Tool
91-805462
Drive Shaft Retaining Tool
91-805381
Driver Rod
91-37323
Outer Propeller Shaft Bearing Retainer Installation Tool
91-805382
Bearing Carrier Bearing Installation Tool
91-805356
Drive Shaft Adaptor Tool
91-56775
Forward Bearing Driver
91-31106
Driver Guide
91-805470
Bearing Carrier Tool
91-805374
Spline Backlash Indicator For Inner Shaft
91-806192
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3D-5
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Bravo Three Gear Housing Exploded View
Drive Shaft and Propeller Shaft Components
1
2
3
4
13
A
10
14
15
17
5
6
16
7
11
12
19 18
8
9
D
B
20
C
F
D
21
22
23
24
27
26
25
D
28
33
35
40
42
C
H
37
44
F
39
41
36
C
38
30
D
34
29
F
32
31
43
46
45
48
47
49
77016
INDEX
Page 3D-6
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
1 - Retainer
2 - Coupler
3 - O-ring
4 - Spacer
5 - Shim(s)
6 - Tab Washer
7 - Bearing Cup
8 - Bearing Cup
9 - Shim(s)
10 - Drive Shaft
11 - Tapered Roller Bearing (Larger Dia.)
12 - Tapered Roller Bearing (Smaller Dia.)
13 - O-ring
14 - Seal
15 - Locknut
16 - Flat Washer
17 - Oil Passage Quad Ring
18 - Screw
19 - Anodic Plate
20 - Needle Bearings
21 - Bearing Race
22 - Pinion (Drive) Gear
23 - Washer
24 - Pinion Bolt
25 - Shim(s)
A
B
C
26 - Bearing Cup
27 - Tapered Bearing
28 - Front Gear
29 - Inner Propeller Shaft
30 - Thrust Bearing
31 - Thrust Race
32 - Shim (Prop Shaft End-Play)
33 - Snap Ring
34 - Rear Gear
35 - Tapered Bearing
36 - Outer Propeller Shaft
37 - Bearing
38 - Inner Propeller Shaft Seal
39 - Shim(s)
40 - Bearing Cup
41 - Bearing Retainer (Nut)
42 - O-ring
43 - Bearing Carrier
44 - Bearing
45 - Outer Propeller Shaft Seal
46 - Front Propeller Thrust Washer
47 - Front Propeller Locknut
48 - Rear Propeller Thrust Washer
49 - Rear Propeller Locknut
3M Brand Adhesive
Quicksilver Needle Bearing Assembly Lubricant
Loctite 271
D
Quicksilver High Performance Gear Lube (Use on all bearing surfaces)
E
Quicksilver Special Lubricant 101
F
Quicksilver 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon
H
Perfect Seal
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3D-7
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Pre-Disassembly Inspection
1. Remove propellers.
b
f
a
c
d
e
75899
a
b
c
d
e
f
- Rear Propeller Nut
- Rear Propeller
- Rear Thrust Ring
- Front Propeller Nut
- Front Propeller
- Front Thrust Ring
2. Check for bent propeller shafts as follows:
a. Inner Shaft - Position unit with shafts positioned up. Position dial indicator on inner
propeller shaft. Rotate inner propeller shaft while observing dial indicator. If deflection is more than .005 in. (0.127 mm), a bent inner propeller shaft is indicated.
b
a
75900
a - Dial Indicator
b - Inner Propeller Shaft
INDEX
Page 3D-8
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
b. Outer Shaft - Position unit with shafts positioned down. Position dial indicator on outer propeller shaft. Rotate outer propeller shaft while observing dial indicator. If deflection is more than .010 in. (0.254 mm), a bent outer propeller shaft is indicated.
b
a
75901
a - Dial Indicator
b - Outer Propeller Shaft
Gear Housing Disassembly
1. Remove, empty and clean gear lube monitor.
2. Remove vent plug.
a
a - Vent Plug
3. Drain drive unit at fill/drain screw.
a
72522
a - Fill/Drain Screw
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3D-9
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
4. Remove anodic plate.
a. Remove the rubber cap to gain access to the anode attaching bolt. Remove the bolt.
a
b
76832
a - Bolt
b. Remove the bolt in the anode cavity.
a
76804
a - Bolt
c. Remove the locknuts and flat washers.
a
76803
a - Locknuts and Flatwashers (6)
INDEX
Page 3D-10
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
CAUTION
Clamp plate must be installed on gear housing when gear housing is separated
from drive shaft housing.
5. Install clamp plate, nuts and 4 washers on gear housing. Tighten securely.
a
72241
a - Clamp Plate (91-43559T)
CAUTION
Bearing carrier has a LEFT-HAND THREAD. Remove by turning CLOCKWISE.
6. Remove bearing carrier, by turning clockwise, using bearing carrier tool. Use a torchlamp to heat area where the carrier and housing meet to ease removal.
b
a
75895
a - Bearing Carrier Tool (91-805374--1)
b - Bearing Carrier
CAUTION
Outer propeller shaft bearing retainer has a LEFT- HAND THREAD. Remove by turning CLOCKWISE.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3D-11
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
7. Remove outer propeller shaft bearing retainer, by turning clockwise, using outer propeller shaft bearing retainer tool.
a
c
b
75898
a - Bearing Retainer Tool (P/N 91-805382)
b - Bearing Carrier Tool (P/N 91-805374)
c - Bearing Retainer
8. Remove inner and outer propeller shaft assembly from gear housing.
a
72244
a - Inner And Outer Propeller Shaft Assembly
9. Remove shims from gear housing.
a
72245
a - Shims
INDEX
Page 3D-12
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
10. Remove drive shaft pinion gear retaining bolt and washer using drive shaft adaptor tool.
a
c
b
72246
a - Drive Shaft Adaptor Tool (91-61077T)
b - Breaker Bar and Socket
c - Pinion Gear
11. Remove clamp plate installed in Step 2, then remove O-ring, spacer, shim(s) and tab
washer.
b
a
c
d
e
72247
a
b
c
d
e
- Clamp Plate
- O-ring
- Spacer
- Shim(s)
- Tab Washer
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3D-13
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
12. Remove drive shaft and pinion gear.
NOTE: Be careful not to lose rollers from drive shaft pinion bearing should they drop during
drive shaft removal.
a
b
72248
a - Drive Shaft
b - Drive Shaft Pinion Gear
13. Remove front driven gear and bearing from gear housing.
a
72249
a - Front Pinion Gear And Bearing
INDEX
Page 3D-14
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
14. Remove drive shaft bearing cup and shim(s).
a
b
72250
a - Bearing Cup
b - Shim(s)
15. Unless you intend to remove the entire pinion bearing, remove needle bearings from
pinion bearing race (See pinion bearing removal).
a
72251
a - Needle Bearings
16. Remove water passage O-ring and oil passage quad ring.
b
a
72252
a - Water Passage O-Ring
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3D-15
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Driveshaft And Pinion Bearing
Inspection and Cleaning
1. The condition of the drive shaft tapered bearing cups is an indication of the condition of
the tapered roller bearings on the drive shaft. Replace bearing and bearing cup if cup
is pitted, grooved, scored, worn uneven, discolored from overheating, or has embedded
metal particles.
2. The condition of the bearing surface on drive shaft at needle bearing location is an indication of the condition of needle bearings. Replace needles and sleeve if pitted,
grooved, scored, worn uneven, discolored from overheating, or has embedded metal
particles.
3. Inspect splines for worn or twisted condition. Replace drive shaft if either condition exists.
4. Clean all parts that are to be reused with solvent. Dry parts completely using compressed air, being careful not to spin bearings.
INDEX
Page 3D-16
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Drive Shaft Disassembly
NOTE: Bearing assembly must be replaced if removed from drive shaft. Tapered roller bearings are damaged when removed.
1. Press tapered roller bearing from shaft using universal puller plate to support bearing.
Remove second tapered roller bearing in the same manner.
a
b c
72442
a - Drive Shaft
b - Bearing
c - Universal Puller Plate (P/N 91-37241)
Drive Shaft Reassembly
1. Lubricate inner diameter of small tapered roller bearing with Quicksilver High Performance Gear Lube. Press small tapered roller bearing onto drive shaft using universal puller plate. Ensure smaller outer diameter faces pinion end of shaft.
b
c
a
72444
a - Universal Puller Plate (P/N 91-37241)
b - Drive Shaft
c - Small Tapered Roller Bearing
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3D-17
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
2. Lubricate inner diameter of large tapered roller bearing with Quicksilver High Performance Gear Lube. Press large tapered roller bearing onto drive shaft using suitable mandrel or old bearing race on inner race. Ensure larger outer diameter faces pinion end of
shaft.
b
a
c
72445
a - Suitable Mandrel
b - Drive Shaft
c - Large Tapered Roller Bearing
Pinion Bearing
Removal
IMPORTANT: All needle bearings MUST BE in place inside bearing casing while driving pinion bearing from gear housing or bearing casing will bend or break and become difficult to remove.
1. Remove pinion bearing using bearing remover and driver rod. Use bearing driver as a
pilot. Heat bearing area of housing to approximately 200°F (93.3°C) to ease removal.
Do NOT use open flame.
b
a
c
72253
a - Bearing Driver (P/N 91-813653) - Used as Pilot
b - Driver Rod (P/N 91-37323)
c - Bearing Remover (P/N 91-63638)
INDEX
Page 3D-18
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Installation
1. Install needles in casing. Use Needle Bearing Assembly Lubricant to help keep needles
in place. Position bearing assembly over bearing driver with number on bearing casing
facing up. Coat casing outer diameter with Quicksilver High Performance Gear Lube.
72443
2. Install pinion bearing using tools as shown.
b
c
a
d
a
b
c
d
72254
- Bearing Driver (P/N 91-813653) - Used As Pilot
- Threaded Rod (P/N 91-31229)
- Washer And Nut
- Bearing Driver (P/N 91-89867T)
Propeller Shaft
Inspection
1. Inspect for bent or twisted splines.
2. Inspect surface of shaft where bearing carrier oil seal lips contact shaft. Replace shaft
and oil seals if any grooves are found.
3. Inspect needle bearing race on outer propeller shaft and bearing surface of inner propeller shaft for pitting, grooves, discoloration or embedded particles. If any of these conditions exist, replace shaft.
4. Condition of the bearing surfaces on the outer propeller shaft and inner propeller shaft
is an indication of the condition of the bearings in the bearing carrier and outer propeller
shaft. Inspect bearing rollers for pitting, grooves, discoloration or embedded particles.
If any of these conditions exist, replace bearings and shaft.
INDEX
5. Inspect outer propeller shaft tapered bearing and bearing cup. Replace bearing and
bearing cup if cup is pitted, grooved, scored, worn uneven, discolored from overheating,
or has embedded metal particles.
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3D-19
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Disassembly
1. Remove inner propeller shaft and thrust bearing from assembly.
b
a
72255
a - Inner Propeller Shaft
b - Thrust Bearing
2. Remove bearing cup from outer propeller shaft.
b
a
72256
a - Bearing Cup
b - Outer Propeller Shaft
3. Remove thrust cap using a punch and hammer. Align punch with opening in snap-ring.
b
a
72212
c
71799
a - Thrust Cap
b - Outer Propeller Shaft
c - Shim
INDEX
Page 3D-20
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
4. Remove snap ring, and driven gear and bearing assembly from outer propeller shaft.
a
b
c
72213
a - Snap Ring
b - Driven Gear and Bearing Assembly
c - Outer Propeller Shaft
Propeller Shaft Spline Lash Check
1. Check inner propeller shaft spline lash as follows:
a. Place inner propeller shaft on two V-blocks.
a
b
72229
a - Inner Propeller Shaft
b - V-Blocks
b. Install indicator rod on inner propeller shaft just behind shaft spline.
a
b
72230
a - Indicator Rod
b - Inner Propeller Shaft
c. Slide front driven gear assembly on spline of inner propeller shaft.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3D-21
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
d. Mount dial indicator to gear and position so that indicator probe aligns with mark on
indicator rod.
c
b
a
72231
a - Dial Indicator
b - Indicator Rod (91-806192)
c - Mark Stamped on Indicator Rod
e. Rotate gear back and forth while observing dial indicator. Record spline lash reading
(for use later in this section). This reading is required to determine true backlash between pinion and driven gear.
2. Check outer propeller shaft spline lash following the same procedures as for the inner
propeller shaft listed in Steps “a” through “e” above using indicator rod (91-806192).
INDEX
Page 3D-22
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Outer Propeller Shaft Servicing
1. To remove roller bearing and oil seal from outer propeller shaft using slide hammer puller
with three-jaw puller.
a
b
72216
a - Slide Hammer Puller (P/N 91-34569A1)
b - Outer Propeller Shaft
2. Install roller bearing using bearing installation tool.
a
b
72217
a - Bearing Installation Tool (P/N 91-805352T)
b - Outer Propeller Shaft
3. Coat outer diameter of oil seal with Loctite 271. Press oil seal into outer propeller shaft
using seal installation tool until tool bottoms out against shaft. Lubricate lips of oil seal
and fill area between lips of seal with Quicksilver Special Lubricant 101.
a
b
72235
a - Seal Installation Tool (P/N 91-805358T)
b - Outer Propeller Shaft
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3D-23
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Front Driven Gear And Bearing
Inspection
1. Inspect driven gears for pitting, chipped or broken teeth, and excessive or uneven wear.
If any of these conditions exist, replace both gear and bearing assemblies and drive
shaft pinion gear.
2. Replace tapered roller bearings and cups if cups are pitted, grooved, scored, worn uneven, discolored from overheating, or have metal particles embedded in the cups.
Bearing Removal
1. If you determine that bearings are in need of replacement and the gears are still in good
condition, remove bearings from gears using puller plate and a suitable mandrel (bearings are damaged in removal and should not be reused).
a
b
c
d
72446
a
b
c
d
- Suitable Mandrel
- Universal Puller Plate (P/N 91-37241)
- Tapered Roller Bearing by inspection
- Driven Gear
Bearing Installation
1. Apply a light coat of Quicksilver High Performance Gear Lube to inner diameter of new
bearing. Place a suitable mandrel (old bearing race) against inner bearing race. Place
another mandrel on face of gear and press gear and bearing together.
d
c
b
a
72447
a
b
c
d
- Hardwood or Metal Block
- Driven Gear
- Tapered Roller Bearing
- Mandrel - Contacting Inner Race
INDEX
Page 3D-24
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Bearing Cup Removal
1. Remove bearing cup and shims using slide hammer puller. Measure shims for reassembly reference.
NOTE: When pulling bearing cup with puller, shims will be damaged. DO NOT reuse shims.
c
a
b
19808
a - Slide Hammer Puller (P/N 91-34569A1)
b - Bearing Cup
c - Shims
Bearing Cup Installation
1. Install front driven gear bearing cup and original thickness shims using bearing cup driver and driver rod. If shims were lost or damaged where original thickness cannot be determined, install a .015 in. (0.38 mm) shim for a starting point. Ensure cup is not canted.
Coat cup outer diameter with Quicksilver High Performance Gear Lube.
d
c
a
a
b
c
d
b
75958
- Shim(s)
- Bearing Cup
- Driver (P/N 91-805454)
- Old Propeller Shaft or Driver Rod
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3D-25
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Bearing Carrier Seal And Bearing
Inspection
1. Check bearing carrier for signs of corrosion, especially on gear housing to bearing carrier mating surfaces. If corrosion is evident, replace bearing carrier.
2. Inspect needle bearing for pitting, grooves, discoloration or embedded particles. If any
of these conditions exist, replacement is necessary.
Removal
1. Press seal and bearing from carrier using seal removal tool.
a
a
b
77105
77104
a - Seal Removal Tool (91-862064A1)
b - Bearing Carrier
Installation
1. Apply gear lube to outer diameter of bearing and install roller bearing using bearing installation tool.
a
b
75896
a - Bearing Installation Tool (P/N 91-805356)
b - Bearing Carrier
INDEX
Page 3D-26
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
2. Coat outer diameter of oil seal with Loctite 271 and press oil seal into bearing carrier
using seal installation tool until tool bottoms out against housing. Lubricate lips of oil seal
and fill area between lips of seal with Quicksilver Special Lubricant 101.
a
b
75897
a - Seal Installation Tool (P/N 91-805372)
b - Bearing Carrier
Speedometer Water Passage
Inspection and Cleaning
1. Inspect opening (pitot tube), on leading edge of gear housing, for obstruction. Clean
opening with a short piece of wire, if necessary. If obstruction cannot be removed with
wire, carefully reopen tube using a 5/64 in. (2 mm) diameter drill bit. Do not drill beyond
a depth of 2-7/16 in. (62 mm).
a
72448
a - Opening (Pitot Tube)
2. Inspect water passage seal for nicks, cuts or distortion. Replace if necessary.
a
72449
a - Water Passage Seal
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3D-27
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Seal Removal
1. Pry water passage seal out with a suitable tool.
a
72450
a - Water Passage Seal
Seal Installation
1. Lightly coat outer diameter of seal with 3-M Adhesive and install in speedometer water
passage bore. Ensure top edge of seal is flush with gear housing surface.
a
72449
a - Seal – Flush with Edge of Water Tube Bore
INDEX
Page 3D-28
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Gear Housing Reassembly and Shimming
1. Lubricate all bearings with Quicksilver High Performance Gear Lube before installing.
Components must be lubricated to obtain accurate bearing preload readings.
2. Install water passage O-ring and oil passage quad ring. Hold in place using 3-M Adhesive.
a
72252
a - Water Passage O-Ring
3. Install driven gear and bearing assembly to outer propeller shaft. Secure with snap ring.
b
a
c
72213
a - Driven Gear And Bearing Assembly
b - Snap Ring
c - Outer Propeller Shaft
NOTE: The shim installed in the following step is used to regulate prop-shaft end-play. Use
the existing shim as a starting point ONLY if shafts, gears, or bearings were not replaced.
If any of the components were replaced, use a .020 in. shim as a starting point. This shim
may need to be adjusted if the end-play is not within specifications (See “Checking Propeller
Shaft End-Play” later in this section).
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3D-29
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
4. Apply a light coat of Loctite 242 to inside diameter of thrust cap. Ensure that Loctite does
not contact shim mating surfaces. Install thrust cap and appropriate size shim on outer
propeller shaft. Ensure that cap is straight while pressing into place.
c
a
72212
b
71799
a - Thrust Cap
b - Shim
c - Outer Propeller Shaft
5. Ensure that all needle bearings are installed in driveshaft needle bearing case. Use
needle bearing assembly lubricant to hold bearings in place.
72261
6. Install front driven gear assembly and original thickness shims into gear housing.
a
72249
a - Front Driven Gear Assembly And Shims
INDEX
Page 3D-30
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
7. Install original thickness shim(s) for lower bearing cup into gear housing. If shims were
lost or ruined where original thickness cannot be determined, install a .050 in. (1.27 mm)
shim pack for a starting point.
a
72262
a - Shim(s)
8. Install drive shaft lower bearing cup, using cup driver.
c
b
a
72263
a - Bearing Cup
b - Bearing Cup Driver (P/N 91-67443T)
c - Old Propeller Shaft Or Driver Rod
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3D-31
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
9. Install drive shaft and pinion gear into gear housing.
NOTE: Be careful not to lose rollers from drive shaft pinion bearing should they drop during
drive shaft installation.
a
b
72264
a - Drive Shaft
b - Drive Shaft Pinion Gear
10. Install pinion washer and screw. Apply Loctite 271 to threads of screw. Torque pinion
screw to 45 lb-ft (61 Nm).
a
b
76877
a - Washer
b - Screw
INDEX
Page 3D-32
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
11. Determine shim thickness required for drive shaft bearing preload.
a. Install upper bearing cup and tab washer. Measure distance between top of gear
housing and tab washer using a 0-1 in. depth micrometer.
a
72452
a - 0-1 Inch Depth Micrometer
b. Measure thickness of spacer from top machined surface to bottom machined surface using a 0-1 in. outside micrometer.
a
b
72523
a - 0-1 Inch Outside Micrometer
b - Spacer
c. Calculate shim thickness as shown.
Measurement from Step “a” minus (–)
Measurement from Step “b” plus (+)
.001 In. (0.025 mm) equals (=)
Shim Thickness Required.
12. Install original thickness shims, spacer and new O-ring.
c
b
a
72451
a - Shim(s)
b - Spacer
c - O-Ring
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3D-33
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
13. Reinstall clamping plate on gear housing with nuts and 4 washers. Tighten securely.
a
72266
a - Clamp Plate (P/N 91-43559T)
14. Using a dial-type lb-in. torque wrench, check the rolling preload by turning driveshaft
with a slow steady motion (3-5 lb-in. [0.3-.6 Nm]). If necessary, add or subtract shims
from beneath spacer to bring the preload into the specified range.
b
a
72269
a - Dial-Type lb-in. Torque Wrench
b - Drive Shaft Adaptor (P/N 91-61077T)
15. Ensure clamp plate has been reinstalled after adjusting preload in the previous step. It
must be in place for checking pinion height in the following procedure.
INDEX
Page 3D-34
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
16. Check pinion height as follows:
a. Insert shimming tool into gear housing.
b. Measure clearance between tool and pinion gear with feeler gauge. Clearance must
be .023-.028 in. (0.575-0.700 mm). Take measurement at three locations on pinion
gear (120 degrees apart).
b
a
72268
a - Shimming Tool (P/N 91-805462T)
b - Feeler Gauge
RATIO
DRIVE
DRIVEN
DRIVEN
Use Tool Position 16:27
2.43:1
13
24
24
2.20:1
16
27
27
2.00:1
16
27
27
1.81:1
16
27
27
1.65:1
18
25
25
Use Tool Position 15:19
1.50:1
15
19
19
1.36:1
15
19
19
If clearance is less than specified, add appropriate thickness of shims under lower tapered
roller bearing cup.
Any thickness added here must be subtracted from shim thickness at upper bearing.
If clearance is more than specified, remove appropriate thickness of shims from under lower
tapered roller bearing cup.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3D-35
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Any thickness subtracted here must be added to shim thickness at upper bearing.
e
d
c
b
a
72451
a
b
c
d
e
- Shims, Lower
- Bearing Cup, Lower
- Shims, Upper
- Spacer
- O-Ring
c. Recheck clearance after changing shim(s) (Step “b” above).
Checking Backlash
1. Install inner propeller shaft and thrust bearing into gear housing.
a
b
72270
a - Inner Propeller Shaft
b - Thrust Bearing
2. Fill area between outer propeller shaft seal lips with Quicksilver Special Lubricant 101
and install outer propeller shaft into gear housing.
a
72271
INDEX
Page 3D-36
a - Outer Propeller Shaft
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
3. Install new shim pack of the same thickness as removed into gear housing. If shims were
lost or ruined where original thickness cannot be determined, install a .050 in. (1.3 mm)
shim pack for a starting point.
a
72272
a - Shim Pack
4. Install bearing cup into gear housing. Seat bearing cup against shim pack.
a
b
72273
a - Bearing Cup
b - Shim Pack
CAUTION
Outer propeller shaft bearing retainer has a LEFT- HAND THREAD. Install by turning
COUNTERCLOCKWISE.
IMPORTANT: Bearing carrier and threads on outer propeller shaft bearing retainer
nut must be lubricated to prevent corrosion and cracking in gear housing.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3D-37
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
5. Install outer propeller shaft bearing retainer nut, by turning counterclockwise, using outer propeller shaft bearing retainer installation tools. Torque to 200 lb-ft (271 Nm).
NOTE: To ensure proper thread engagement, start retainer nut by hand. Turn retainer nut
clockwise until thread engagement is felt then turn counterclockwise.
a
c
b
72274
a - Bearing Retainer Installation Tool (P/N 91-805382T)
b - Bearing Carrier Tool (P/N 91-805374)
c - Bearing Retainer
6. Apply Quicksilver Special Lubricant 101 to threads and O-ring surface area of bearing
carrier and install O-ring on bearing carrier. Fill area between seals with same lubricant.
Apply Quicksilver Perfect Seal to tapered surface of bearing carrier that comes in contact with housing.
CAUTION
Bearing carrier has a LEFT-HAND THREAD. Install by turning COUNTERCLOCKWISE.
7. Install bearing carrier, by turning counterclockwise, using bearing carrier installation
tool. Torque to 150 lb-ft (203 Nm).
NOTE: To ensure proper thread engagement, start retainer nut by hand. Turn retainer nut
clockwise until thread engagement is felt then turn counterclockwise.
b
a
75895
a - Bearing Carrier Installation Tool (P/N 91-805374--1)
b - Bearing Carrier
INDEX
Page 3D-38
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
8. Front driven gear shimming.
a. Remove clamp plate, O-ring, spacer and shim(s), and place drive shaft retaining tool
on tab washer as shown. Do not tighten locking bolt at this time.
a
c
b
72623
a - Drive Shaft Retaining Tool (P/N 91-805381)
b - Tab Washer
c - Locking Bolt
b. Position gear housing so that propeller shafts are facing up in the vertical position.
Rotate propeller shafts several times to seat bearings prior to making checks.
c. Lightly press down on drive shaft retaining tool, while simultaneously turning shaft,
to ensure bearings are seated in bearing cups, then tighten locking bolt to retain
drive shaft.
d. Install backlash indicator rod to inner propeller shaft as shown. Mount dial indicator
to bearing carrier and position probe on mark stamped in indicator rod.
b
a
c
72908
a - Backlash Indicator Rod
b - Inner Propeller Shaft
c - Dial Indicator
e. Check total gear/spline backlash by lightly rotating inner propeller shaft back and
forth. Observe dial indicator and record reading.
f.
From the Gear/Spline Lash reading checked earlier, subtract reading obtained from
Propeller Shaft Spline Lash Check. Actual gear backlash should be between
.012-.016 in. (0.3-0.4 mm).
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3D-39
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Example:
Total Gear/Spline Backlash
(Reading - Step 8d Above):
.030 In. (0.75 mm)
Minus
Spline Lash (From Propeller
Shaft Spline Lash Check
on page 3D-22):
.016 In. (0.4 mm)
Equals
Actual Gear Backlash:
.014 In. (0.35 mm)
g. If backlash is not correct, disassemble and proceed as follows:
If backlash is more than specified, add shims behind front driven gear bearing cup.
If backlash is less than specified, remove shims behind front driven gear bearing
cup.
h. Recheck backlash reading after reassembly.
9. Rear driven gear shimming.
a. Position gear housing so that propeller shafts are facing down in the vertical position.
Loosen locking bolt on drive shaft retaining tool and rotate propeller shafts several
times to seat bearings prior to making checks. Lightly press down on drive shaft retaining tool to ensure bearings are seated in bearing cups, then tighten locking bolt
to retain drive shaft.
b. Install backlash indicator rod to outer propeller shaft as shown. Mount dial indicator
to bearing carrier and position probe on mark stamped in indicator rod.
c
b
a
75907
a - Backlash Indicator Rod
b - Outer Propeller Shaft
c - Dial Indicator
c. Check gear/spline lash by lightly rotating outer propeller shaft back and forth. Observe dial indicator and record reading.
d. From the Gear/Spline Lash reading checked earlier, subtract reading obtained from
Propeller Shaft Spline Lash Check. Actual gear backlash should be between
.012-.016 in. (0.3-0.4 mm).
INDEX
Page 3D-40
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Example:
Total Gear/Spline Backlash
(Reading - Step 9c Above):
.030 in. (0.75 mm)
Minus
Spline Lash (from Propeller
Shaft Spline Lash Check
from page 3D-22):
.016 in. (0.4 mm)
Equals
Actual Gear Backlash:
.014 in. (0.35 mm)
e. If backlash is not correct, disassemble and proceed as follows:
If backlash is more than specified, remove shims in front of rear driven gear bearing
cup.
If backlash is less than specified, add shims in front of rear driven gear bearing cup.
f.
Recheck backlash reading after reassembly.
10. Check propshaft end play. Install dial indicator on propshaft as illustrated below. Move
inner shaft up and down while reading dial indicator (ensure outer shaft is also being
lifted by inner shaft). End play reading should be between .001-.050 in. (0.025-1.27
mm). If reading is outside of range, the outer propeller shaft thrust race shims must be
increased or decreased to bring the end-play reading within this range (Refer to 3D-25).
b
a
75909
a - Inner Propeller Shaft
b - Dial Indicator
11. Remove drive shaft retaining tool and reinstall shim(s), spacer and O-ring.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3D-41
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Installing Gear Housing On Drive Shaft Housing
1. Install gear housing to drive shaft housing as follows:
a. Lower upper drive shaft housing down onto gear housing and install 6 locknuts and
washers. Torque nuts to 35 lb-ft (47 Nm).
a
76803
a - Locknuts and Washers (6)
b. Install bolt in anode cavity. Torque to 35 lb-ft (47 Nm).
a
76804
a - Bolt
c. Install anode and torque to 20 lb-ft (27 Nm). Install rubber plug.
a
76832
a - Bolt
2. Reinstall drive unit. Refer to Section 2A - Removal, Installation and Adjustments.
3. Fill drive unit with gear lube. Refer to Section 1B - Maintenance.
INDEX
Page 3D-42
90-863160 MAY 2000
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Propeller Installation
1. Apply a liberal coat of one of the following Quicksilver lubricants to both the inner and
outer propeller shafts: Special Lubricant 101, 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon, or
Anti-Corrosion Grease.
b
f
e
a
c
d
75899
a
b
c
d
e
f
- Rear Propeller Nut
- Rear Propeller
- Rear Propeller Thrust Hub
- Front Propeller Nut
- Front Propeller
- Front Propeller Thrust Hub
2. Slide the front thrust hub onto the outer propeller shaft with the tappered side of the hub
toward the aft end of the propeller shaft.
3. Align the splines and place the forward propeller onto the outer propeller shaft.
4. Install the front propeller nut and torque to at least 100 lb-ft (136 Nm). Check propeller
tightness after 20 hours of operation. DO NOT operate the boat with a loose propeller.
5. Slide the rear thrust hub onto the inner propeller shaft with the tappered side of the hub
toward the aft end of the propeller shaft.
6. Align the splines and place the rear propeller onto the inner propeller shaft.
7. Install the rear propeller nut and torque to at least 60 lb-ft (81 Nm). Check propeller tightness after 20 hours of operation. DO NOT operate the boat with a loose propeller.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 3D-43
BRAVO THREE GEAR HOUSING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
THIS PAGE IS INTENTIONALLY BLANK
INDEX
Page 3D-44
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
TRANSOM ASSEMBLY
Section 4A - Service Procedures Requiring Minor Disassembly
Table of Contents
Bravo Transom Assembly Specifications . 4A-2
Torque Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-2
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives . . . . . 4A-2
Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-2
Bravo Transom Assembly
Exploded Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-4
Inner Transom Plate Components . . . . 4A-4
Bell Housing Components . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-5
Gimbal Ring Components . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-6
Gimbal Housing Components . . . . . . . . 4A-8
Special Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-10
Trim Limit Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-10
Trim Position Sender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-10
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-10
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A-12
Trim Position Sender Adjustment . . . . 4A-16
Trim Limit Switch Adjustment . . . . . . . . 4A-16
High Performance Transom
Assembly - Without Electrical
Trim Sender and Trim Limit Switch . . 4A-18
Gimbal Bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shift Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shift Cable Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exhaust Bellows (If Equipped) . . . . . . . . .
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning and Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exhaust Tube (If Equipped) . . . . . . . . . . .
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning and Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Water Hose and Water Fitting . . . . . . . . . .
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Crimp Clamp Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4A-19
4A-19
4A-19
4A-20
4A-22
4A-22
4A-23
4A-27
4A-27
4A-27
4A-28
4A-30
4A-30
4A-30
4A-31
4A-32
4A-32
4A-33
4A-35
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4A-1
4
A
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Bravo Transom Assembly Specifications
Torque Specifications
Description
lb-in.
lb-ft
Nm
Shift Cable Core Wire Anchor Screws
20
2.3
Hose Clamps
35
4
Trim Wire Retainer Screw
95
11
Hinge Pins
150
203
Through Bolt Locknut
25
34
Steering Arm Locknut
50
68
Pivot Bolt
23
30
U-bolt Nuts
53
72
Sterndrive Attaching Nut
23
30
Bell Housing Studs
50
68
Rear Engine Mount Attaching Bolts
37
50
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives
Description
Part Number
3M Brand Adhesive
92-86166-1
Liquid Neoprene
92-25711-2
Resiweld Sealer
92-65150-1
Quicksilver High Performance Gear Lube
Loctite 271
92-816026A4
92-809820
Quicksilver 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon
92-825407A12
Quicksilver U-Joint and Gimbal Bearing
Grease
Super Glue
92-828052A2
Perfect Seal
Obtain Locally
92-34227-1
Tools
Description
Part Number
Bearing Removal and Installation Tool
91-31229A7
Bellows Expander Tool
91-45497A1
Slide Hammer Puller
91-34569A1
Tapered Insert Tool
91-43579
Core Wire Locating Tool
91-17263
Shift Cable Anchor Adjustment Tool
91-17262
Sleeve Removal Tool (U-joint Bellows)
91-862546
Sleeve Installation Tool (U-joint Bellows)
91-818162
Hinge Pin Tool
91-78310
INDEX
Page 4A-2
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
THIS PAGE IS INTENTIONALLY BLANK
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4A-3
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Bravo Transom Assembly Exploded Views
Inner Transom Plate Components
4
1
5
6
7
8
9
10 11
3
2
14
13
15
16
17
12
18
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
- Transom Plate Assembly
- Pivot Bolts
- Tab Washers
- Screw Engine Mounting
- Washer
- Spacer
- Fiber Washer
- Lockwasher - Double Wound
- Locknut
76857
10 - Washer
11 - Locknut
12 - Shift Cable Casing
13 - Core Wire Anchor
14 - Anchor Screws (2)
15 - End Guide
16 - Gimbal Housing Insert
17 - Wrapping
18 - Core Wire
INDEX
Page 4A-4
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Bell Housing Components
16
20
9
A
10
17
E
18
A
1
75258
13
2
3
4
12
11
11
6
11
8
7
D
B
5
19
13
14
15
C
76627
1 - Bell Housing
2 - Stud
3 - Washer
4 - Locknut
5 - O-ring
6 - Gear Lube Valve
7 - O-rings
8 - Hinge Pin Washer
9 - Bellows Clamp
10 - U-Joint Bellows
11 - Grounding Clip
12 - Sleeve
13 - Bellows Clamp
14 - Exhaust Bellows
15 - Exhaust Tube (Some Models)
16 - Lube Monitor Hose
17 - Hose Clamp
18 - Bayonet Fitting
19 - Bushing (High Performance Transom)
20 - Indentations in Bell Housing
A
- 3M Brand Adhesive
B
- Loctite 271
C
- 3M Brand Adhesive
D
- Quicksilver High Performance Gear Lube
E
- Perfect Seal
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4A-5
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Gimbal Ring Components
21
19
20
26
15
10
17
8
9
20
7
B
18
10
16
1
11
12
3
5
13
4
8
14
6
9
7
2
A
25
24
75272
23
22
75252
76618
INDEX
Page 4A-6
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
1 - Gimbal Ring
2 - Bushing
3 - Bushing
4 - Flat Washer
5 - Hinge Pin
6 - Trim Position Sender
7 - Clip
8 - Lockwasher
9 - Screw
10 - Clip
11 - U-Bolt
12 - Plate
13 - Locknuts
14 - Swivel Shaft
15 - Flat Washer (Smaller I.D.)
16 - Flat Washer (Larger I.D.)
17 - Clamp Screw
18 - Locknut
19 - Nut
20 - Screw
21 - Clamp Plate
22 - Screws (2) (High Performance Transom Only)
23 - Hinge Pin (High Performance Transom Only)
24 - Magnum and High Performance Gimbal Ring Identification. (Filled Area)
25 - Standard Gimbal Ring Identification.
(Two Ribs)
26 - Steering Lever
A
- Resiweld Sealer
B
- Quicksilver 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4A-7
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Gimbal Housing Components
37 38
36
8
6
10
35
6
7
9
5
3
7
E
B 11 12
13
C
2
4
33
1
D
15
34
32
14
31
16
29
28
19
B
29
C
30
23
A
22
20
17
18
21
25
26
24
27
76642
INDEX
Page 4A-8
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
1 - Gimbal Housing
2 - Stud
3 - Lower Swivel Shaft Bushing
4 - Seal
5 - Upper Swivel Shaft Bushing
6 - Clamp
7 - Lube Monitor Hose
8 - Quick Disconnect Fitting
9 - E-Clip
10 - Gear Lube Fitting
11 - Water Bypass Plug
12 - Flat Washer
13 - Locknut
14 - Seal
15 - Gimbal Bearing
16 - Tolerance Ring
17 - Crimp Clamp
18 - Shift Cable Bellows
19 - Bellows Clamp
20 - Washer
21 - Lower Swivel Pin
22 - Cotter Pin
23 - Stud
24 - Gasket
25 - Hydraulic Manifold
26 - Washer
27 - Locknut
28 - Exhaust Passage Seal
29 - Water Hose Insert
30 - Water Hose
31 - Water Fitting Gasket
32 - Water Fitting
33 - Lockwasher
34 - Screw
35 - Gimbal Housing Seal
36 - Large O-rings
37 - Snap Ring Groove
38 - Small O-ring
A
- Loctite 271
B
- 3M Brand Adhesive
C
- Quicksilver U-Joint and Gimbal Bearing Grease
D
- Super Glue
E
- Perfect Seal
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4A-9
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Special Information
Trim Limit Switch
The trim limit switch has a sealing system for improved water resistance and durability. The
trim limit switch leads are connected internally to help ensure good electrical integrity.
71415
Trim Limit Switch - Port
Trim Position Sender
The trim position sender has a sealing system for improved water resistance and durability.
The trim limit leads are connected internally to help ensure good electrical integrity.
71414
Trim Position Sender - Starboard
Removal
WARNING
Disconnect both battery cables before installing new trim limit switch or trim
sender.
1. Remove sterndrive unit. Refer to section 2A.
2. Remove trim limit switch.
a
71221
a - Attaching Hardware
INDEX
Page 4A-10
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
3. Remove trim position sender.
a
71220
a - Attaching Hardware
4. Remove U-joint bellows sleeve.
a
b
71527
a - Sleeve
b - Removal Tool (P/N 91-862546)
5. Remove both hinge pins.
a
c
b
22113
a - Bell Housing
b - Gimbal Ring
c - Hinge Pin Tool (P/N 91-78310)
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4A-11
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
6. Pull back on bell housing and rotate it 90° to gain access to the trim wire clamp plate
screw.
a
23363
a - Bell Housing
7. Remove trim wire clamp plate.
a
b
70197
a - Clamp Plate
b - Screw
8. Unplug trim position sender wires from engine harness.
9. Unplug trim limit switch wires from trim pump.
Installation
NOTE: Old harness may be used to pilot new harnesses through hole in gimbal housing.
1. Route new sender wires through hole. Bring together the two grommet halves and
ensure that they are seated lightly in the hole with the flat mating edges vertically
aligned. Maintain light tension on the wires from inside the boat, to hold the grommets
in the hole.
a
b
70198
INDEX
Page 4A-12
a - Trim Limit Switch Wires
b - Trim Position Sender Wires
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
2. Reinstall retainer. Torque screw to 95 lb-in. (11 Nm).
a
b
70197
a - Clamp
b - Screw
3. Install U-joint bellows on bell housing as follows:
a. Position U-joint bellows on bell housing. Ensure that the bell housing flange rests
in the second groove from the end of the bellows.
a
22116
a - Bell Housing Flange
b. Lubricate sleeve outside diameter with soapy water or engine cleaner. Install sleeve
with sleeve installation tool and a suitable driving rod.
a
b
c
76670
76671
a - Sleeve
b - Sleeve Installation Tool (91-818162)
c - Suitable Driving Rod
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4A-13
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
4. Apply Loctite 271 to bell housing threads and install hinge pins. Torque hinge pins to
150 lb-ft (203 Nm).
a
c
b
76619
a - Bell Housing
b - Gimbal Ring
c - Hinge Pin Tool (P/N 91-78310)
5. Install trim position sender as follows:
a. Place sterndrive unit in the full DOWN/IN position.
b. Turn center rotor of trim limit switch to align index mark with index mark on sender
body.
a
71218
a - Index Marks
c. Install trim position sender and secure with attaching hardware.
a
71220
a - Attaching Hardware
INDEX
Page 4A-14
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
6. Reinstall trim limit switch as follows:
a. Place sterndrive unit in full DOWN/IN position.
b. Turn center rotor of trim position sender to align index mark with index mark on
sender body.
a
71218
a - Index Marks
c. Install trim limit switch and secure with attaching hardware.
a
71221
a - Attaching Hardware
7. Secure the trim limit switch harness to the water hose with the plastic clip.
b
a
c
71184
a - Plastic Clip
b - Trim Limit Switch Harness
c - Water Hose
8. Reconnect trim position sender wires to engine harness and the trim limit leads to trim
pump harness.
9. Reinstall battery cables.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4A-15
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Trim Position Sender Adjustment
1. Turn ignition key to the RUN position. DO NOT START ENGINE. Rotate trim position
sender until needle is at bottom of arc on gauge.
22175
2. Tighten trim position sender retaining screws and recheck gauge.
Trim Limit Switch Adjustment
WARNING
When adjusting trim limit switch, use extreme care that engine is not started and
keep clear of area near propeller. Use care to prevent placing hands in an area where
injury could occur because of sterndrive unit movement.
CAUTION
Trim limit switch MUST BE adjusted exactly as outlined. If switch is adjusted incorrectly, sterndrive unit could move out beyond the gimbal ring support flanges and
cause damage to sterndrive unit.
1. Adjust trim limit switch as follows:
a. Loosen screws and turn trim limit switch clockwise to end of slots.
a
b
71221
a - Screws
b - Slots
b. Ensure that sterndrive unit is in the full DOWN/IN position.
c. Trim sterndrive unit UP/OUT. Do not use trailer switch.
INDEX
Page 4A-16
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
d. Slowly turn trim limit switch counterclockwise until trim cylinders extend to correct
dimension.
a
71221
a - Rotate Counterclockwise to Adjust
e. Retighten screws when adjustment is correct.
a
50464
a - 21-3/4 in. (552mm) Maximum
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4A-17
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
High Performance Transom Assembly - Without Electrical Trim Sender and
Trim Limit Switch
IMPORTANT: The electrical Trim Limit Switch and Trim Position Sender are not
present on this transom assembly. Without a Trim Limit Switch, the sterndrive unit
can be trimmed UP/OUT beyond the position where the sterndrive unit has side
support from the gimbal ring at any throttle setting. It is highly recommended that a
mechanical (cable actuated) Trim Position Indicator be installed to provide important
sterndrive unit trim angle information to the operator and that the Trim Indicator be
marked to clearly indicate the maximum UP/OUT position where side support is still
provided. The sterndrive unit should not be trimmed to a position beyond gimbal ring
side support at engine speeds above 1200 rpm.
WARNING
Avoid personal injury or damage to sterndrive unit. Do not trim sterndrive unit to
an UP/OUT position where the sterndrive unit receives no side support from the
gimbal ring at engine speeds above 1200 rpm. Refer to a properly marked mechanical Trim Position Indicator.
1. Install WARNING DECAL (Contained in the transom assembly box) at the operator
station in a place where it will be clearly visible to the operator.
2. To mark the maximum Trim UP/OUT position on the mechanical trim indicator, proceed
as follows:
a. Trim sterndrive unit(s) to the FULL DOWN/IN position.
b. Ensure that the mechanical trim indicator indicates FULL DOWN/IN position. Adjust
the indicator following the manufacturers recommendations.
c. Slowly raise the sterndrive unit(s) until the trim limit point is reached. The trim limit
point can be determined by measuring the amount of trim cylinder extension. The
dimension for the Bravo sterndrive units is 21-3/4 in. (552 mm), which is measured
from front anchor point to rear anchor point centerlines as shown following.
a
50464
a - Trim Limit Dimension 21-3/4 in. (552 mm)
3. With the trim cylinders at this position, place a mark on the mechanical trim indicator in
console.
a. Raise and lower sterndrive unit(s) several times to ensure that the trim limit point is
properly marked.
INDEX
Page 4A-18
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Gimbal Bearing
IMPORTANT: Gimbal bearing and carrier are a matched set and must be replaced as
an assembly. Tolerance ring must be replaced any time gimbal bearing is removed.
Inspection
1. Remove sterndrive unit.
2. Reach through bell housing. Rotate gimbal bearing and check for rough spots. Pull and
push on inner race to check for side wear. Any excessive movement or roughness is
cause for replacement.
Removal
CAUTION
Do not remove gimbal bearing unless replacement is necessary, as damage to bearing may result during removal.
1. Remove gimbal bearing assembly.
d
b
a
f
c
e
g
76658
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
- *Puller Shaft 91-31229
- *Nut 11-24156
- *Washer 12-34961
- 3 Plates 91-29310
- Slide Hammer Puller
- Gimbal Bearing Inner Race
- Gimbal Bearing Carrier
* From Bearing Removal and Installation Tool 91-31229A7
2. Remove grease seal using a slide hammer.
a
b
22171
a - Gimbal Housing
b - Grease Seal
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4A-19
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Installation
1. Install grease seal using a suitable mandrel.
a
b
22171
a - Gimbal Housing
b - Grease Seal
2. Install and position new tolerance ring.
a
b
d
c
22159
a
b
c
d
- Carrier
- Carrier Grease Hole
- Tolerance Ring
- Align Opening in Tolerance Ring with Grease Hole in Carrier
IMPORTANT: Ensure that notched edge of bearing carrier faces inward in bore.
INDEX
Page 4A-20
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
3. Align gimbal bearing carrier grease hole and tolerance ring opening with grease cavity
hole in gimbal housing.
a
c
b
76559
a - Gimbal Bearing Carrier Grease Hole
b - Tolerance Ring Opening
c - Bearing Carrier Notch - Face Inward
4. Install gimbal bearing using a brass hammer and tools shown. Make sure that gimbal
bearing carrier contacts gimbal housing.
e
a
b
c
d
f
22118
a
b
c
d
e
f
- *Drive Rod 91-37323
- *Plate 91-29310
- *Drive Head 91-32325
- *Mandrel 91-30366
- Gimbal Bearing Assembly
- Chamfer
* From Bearing Removal and Installation Tool 91-31229A7
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4A-21
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Shift Cable
Removal
1. Remove sterndrive unit. Refer to Section 2A.
2. Disconnect shift cable from shift plate and remove end guide.
b
a
22183
a - Anchor Screws (2) - Loosen
b - End Guide
3. Remove flanged nut.
4. Hold shift cable retaining nut with wrench.
c
b
a
76673
a - Shift Cable Retaining Nut
b - Seal Washer
c - Flanged Nut
5. Remove shift cable wrapping.
a
76639
a - Shift Cable Wrapping
INDEX
Page 4A-22
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
6. Loosen shift cable bellows crimp clamp.
a
b
c
50458
a - Crimp Clamp
b - Shift Cable
c - Shift Cable Bellows
7. Pull shift cable through shift cable bellows.
Shift Cable Installation
1. Insert shift cable end into and through shift cable bellows.
a
b
76620
a - Shift Cable End
b - Shift Cable Bellows
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4A-23
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
2. Apply Perfect Seal to flanged nut threads. Secure shift cable to bell housing. Hold shift
cable retaining nut with wrench and torque flanged nut to 65 lb-in. (7 Nm).
d
a
e
c
b
a
b
c
d
e
50327
- Shift Cable
- Flanged Nut
- Shift Cable Retaining Nut
- Seal Washer (Hidden by Nut)
- Core Wire
3. Install shift cable wrapping approximately 2” from gimbal housing.
a
76639
a - Shift Cable Wrapping
CAUTION
Water leakage may result if clamp is not installed properly. Check that bellows end
is not flattened out when crimping in the followIng step.
INDEX
Page 4A-24
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
4. Install and compress shift cable bellows crimp clamp, maintaining a 1/2 in. diameter
round O.D. Ensure that clamp is crimped evenly to maintain a good seal between
bellows and shift cable. Refer to “Crimp Clamp Tool.” Do NOT allow bellows to flatten.
a
22117
a - Crimp Clamp
5. Install core wire locating tool on face of bell housing.
a
b
50327
a - Bell Housing
b - Core Wire Locating Tool (P/N 91-17263)
6. Install threaded tube until it bottoms.
7. Tighten finger tight.
8. Tighten jam nut securely.
b
a
22183
a - Threaded Tube
b - Jam Nut
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4A-25
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
9. Install cable end guide over core wire and insert core wire through cable anchor. Ensure
that core wire is visible in sight port. Tighten anchor screws evenly and torque to 20 lb-in.
(2.3 Nm).
a
d
b d
c
a
b
c
d
c
- Cable End Guide
- Core Wire
- Anchor Screws
- Sight Port
10. Place shift cable anchor adjustment tool on end of shift cable.
c
a
b
22120
a - Shift Cable Anchor Adjustment Tool (91-17262)
b - Stud
c - Hole - Barrel Placed Here
11. Ensure that bell housing end of core wire is positioned tight against core wire locating
tool.
a
c
b
22121
a - Bell Housing
b - Core Wire Locating Tool
c - Core Wire
12. Adjust cable barrel to align with hole in tool.
INDEX
Page 4A-26
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
13. Remove tools and install cable on shift plate assembly, being careful not to lose
adjustment.
a
b
22120
a - Barrel
b - Hole In Tool
Exhaust Bellows (If Equipped)
Removal
1. Remove sterndrive unit. Refer to Section 2A.
2. Loosen clamps and remove bellows.
a
a
b
22116
a - Clamps
b - Bellows
Cleaning and Inspection
1. Inspect exhaust bellows for internal charring, cracks, cuts or hardening.
2. Clean old adhesive from bellows mounting flange on gimbal housing and on bell housing
with lacquer thinner.
3. Clean old adhesive from mounting surface of exhaust bellows if using old bellows.
4. Roughen exhaust bellows mating surfaces with sandpaper and wipe clean with lacquer
thinner.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4A-27
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Installation
IMPORTANT: All replacement bellows should be P/N 18654. Do not use earlier model
bellows.
WARNING
Be sure to follow label directions when using bellows adhesive.
1. Apply bellows adhesive to mounting surfaces on inside of bellows. Allow adhesive to dry
until no longer tacky (approximately 10 minutes).
CAUTION
Bellows clamps may corrode if grounding clips are not installed.
2. Position grounding clips on bellows.
b
a
a
c
22079
a - Apply Bellows Adhesive
b - Grounding Clips
c - Part Number 3. Install exhaust bellows on gimbal housing. Torque clamp to 35 lb-in. (4 Nm).
b
a
76660
a - Exhaust Bellows
b - Hose Clamp
INDEX
Page 4A-28
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
4. Install exhaust bellows on bell housing as follows:
a. Place hose clamp over bellows end.
b. Place expander tool into first bellows convolution.
22161
c. Pull tool until tool touches the flange on bell housing (hose starts to slip onto flange)
and then release tool.
a
c
d
b
22116
a
b
c
d
- Expander Tool (91-45497A1)
- Bell Housing Flange
- Exhaust Bellows
- Hose Clamp
d. Reposition tool into the third bellows convolution.
e. Pull bellows onto bell housing flange.
f.
Torque hose clamp to 35 lb-in. (4 Nm).
b
c
a
22116
a - Exhaust Bellows
b - Bell Housing Flange
c - Hose Clamp
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4A-29
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Exhaust Tube (If Equipped)
Removal
NOTE: It is not necessary to remove drive unit when replacing exhaust tube.
CAUTION
Support aft end of drive unit when working between bell housing and gimbal housing.
1. Raise drive unit to the full UP position.
2. Loosen clamp and remove exhaust tube.
a
b
22184
a - Clamp
b - Exhaust Tube
Cleaning and Inspection
1. Inspect exhaust tube for charring, cracks, cuts and hardening.
2. Roughen exhaust tube mating surfaces with sandpaper and wipe clean with lacquer
thinner.
INDEX
Page 4A-30
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Installation
NOTE: Bellows adhesive is not used when installing an exhaust tube.
CAUTION
Exhaust tube clamp may corrode if grounding clip is not installed.
1. Position grounding clip on exhaust tube as shown.
b
a
22184
a - Exhaust Tube
b - Grounding Clip
2. Install exhaust tube on gimbal housing as follows:
a. Position tube so that SIDE markings on tube are facing toward the right and left
sides.
b. Position clamp so that screw will align with screwdriver access hole in port (left) side
of gimbal housing.
c. Tighten clamp. Torque to 35 lb-in. (4 Nm).
b
c
a
22184
a - Exhaust Tube
b - Clamp
c - Side Marking
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4A-31
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Water Hose and Water Fitting
Removal
1. Remove tapered inserts.
a
a
b
b
22080
50322
a - Tapered Inserts
b - Tapered Insert Tool (91-43579)
2. Remove water hose.
b
d
a
d
c
22101
a
b
c
d
- Gimbal Housing
- Bell Housing
- Water Hose
- Tapered Inserts
INDEX
Page 4A-32
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Installation
CAUTION
The water hose in the following step is a preformed hose and must be installed with
the short end of the molded hose going into the gimbal housing. The hose must be
held in place while installing the tapered inserts. Failure to hold hose in place can
result in an overheat condition.
1. Position water hose as follows:
a. Gimbal Housing - hose edge must be flush with mounting surface.
c
b
a
22080
a - Gimbal Housing
b - Water Hose
c - Mounting Surface
b. Bell Housing - hose edge should protrude approximately 1/8 in. from edge of hole.
a
b
c
50322
a - Bell Housing
b - Water Hose
c - Hole
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4A-33
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
2. Apply a small amount of 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon to threads and install
tapered inserts with tapered insert tool.
c
b
a
75962
a - Tapered Insert
b - Tapered Insert Tool (91-43579)
c - Gimbal Housing
a
b
50322
a - Bell Housing
b - Tapered Insert Tool
INDEX
Page 4A-34
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Crimp Clamp Tool
b
a
a
d
d
a
b
c
74148
a
b
c
d
- Bevel Edges
- 3/4 in. Nut
- Pliers
- Nut (Cut In Half)
1. Weld a 3/4 in. nut to the jaws of a pair of pliers.
2. Saw the nut in half without damaging the pliers.
3. Clamp the jaws of the pliers in a vice so that the two halves of the nut are pressed firmly together.
4. Use a 1/2 in. drill bit to drill out the threads of the nut.
5. Remove the pliers from the clamp and bevel the edges of the nut as indicated.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4A-35
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MINOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
THIS PAGE IS INTENTIONALLY BLANK
INDEX
Page 4A-36
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
TRANSOM ASSEMBLY
Section 4B - Service Procedures Requiring Major Disassembly
Table of Contents
Bravo Transom Assembly Specifications . 4B-2
Torque Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-2
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives . . . . . 4B-2
Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-2
Bravo Transom Assembly
Exploded Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-4
Inner Transom Plate Components . . . . 4B-4
Bell Housing Components . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-5
Gimbal Ring Components . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-6
Gimbal Housing Components . . . . . . . . 4B-8
Bell Housing Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-10
Access Plug Kit Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-14
Gimbal Ring, Swivel Shaft and
Steering Lever Removal . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-16
Gimbal Ring Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-20
Gimbal Housing Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4B-26
U-joint Bellows Replacement . . . . . . . . 4B-26
Shift Cable Bellows Replacement . . . .
Exhaust Bellows Replacement . . . . . .
Speedometer Hose Replacement . . . .
Gear Lube Monitor System
Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trim Position Sender and Trim Limit
Switch Wire Replacement . . . . . . . . . .
Gimbal Ring / Swivel Shaft and
Steering Lever Installation . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bell Housing Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Standard Transom Assembly . . . . . . . .
High Performance Transom Assembly
Standard And High Performance
Transom Assemblies . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shift Cable Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bravo Access Plug Drilling Template . . . .
Crimp Clamp Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4B-29
4B-32
4B-34
4B-35
4B-38
4B-39
4B-45
4B-45
4B-46
4B-47
4B-51
4B-55
4B-57
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4B-1
4
B
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Bravo Transom Assembly Specifications
Torque Specifications
DESCRIPTION
lb-in.
lb-ft
Nm
Shift Cable Core Wire Anchor Screws
20
2.3
Hose Clamps
35
4
Trim Wire Clamp
95
11
Hinge Pins
150
203
50
68
Rear Engine Mounting Bolt
37
50
U-Bolt Nuts
53
72
Transom Stud Locknut
25
34
23
30
Bell Housing Studs
Steering Arm Nut
Pivot Bolt
Sterndrive Attaching Nut
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives
DESCRIPTION
3M Brand Adhesive
PART NUMBER
92-86166-Q1
Liquid Neoprene
92-25711-3
Resiweld Sealer
92-65150-1
Loctite 271
92-809820
Quicksilver 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon
92-825407A12
Special Tools
DESCRIPTION
PART NUMBER
Bearing Removal and Installation Tool
91-31229A7
Bellows Expander Tool
91-45497A1
Slide Hammer Puller
91-34569A1
Tapered Insert Tool
91-43579
Core Wire Locating
91-17263
Shift Cable Anchor Adjustment Tool
91-17262
Sleeve Removal Tool (U-joint Bellows)
91-862546
Sleeve Installation Tool (U-joint Bellows)
91-818162
Hinge Pin Puller (High Performance
Transom Assembly)
91-63616T
INDEX
Page 4B-2
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
THIS PAGE IS INTENTIONALLY BLANK
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4B-3
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Bravo Transom Assembly Exploded Views
Inner Transom Plate Components
4
1
5
6
7
8
9
10 11
3
2
14
13
15
16
17
12
18
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
- Transom Plate Assembly
- Pivot Bolts
- Tab Washers
- Rear Engine Mounting Bolt
- Washer
- Spacer
- Washer - Fiber
- Lockwasher - Double Wound
- Locknut
76626
10 - Washer
11 - Locknut
12 - Shift Cable Casing
13 - Core Wire Anchor
14 - Anchor Screws (2)
15 - End Guide
16 - Gimbal Housing Insert
17 - Core Wire
INDEX
Page 4B-4
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Bell Housing Components
16
20
9
A
10
17
18
1
75258
A
D
13
2
3
4
12
11
11
6
11
8
7
C
5
A
B
19
13
14
15
76627
1 - Bell Housing
2 - Stud
3 - Washer
4 - Locknut
5 - O-ring
6 - Gear Lube Valve
7 - O-rings
8 - Hinge Pin Washer
9 - Bellows Clamp
10 - U-Joint Bellows
11 - Grounding Clip
12 - Sleeve
13 - Bellows Clamp
14 - Exhaust Bellows
15 - Exhaust Tube (Some Models)
16 - Lube Monitor Hose
17 - Hose Clamp
18 - Bayonet Fitting
19 - Bushing (High Performance Transom)
20 - Indentations in Bell Housing
Lubricants/Sealants/Adhesives
A
- 3M Brand Adhesive
B
- Loctite 271
C
- Quicksilver High Performance Gear Lube
D
- Quicksilver Perfect Seal
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4B-5
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Gimbal Ring Components
21
19
20
26
15
10
17
8
9
20
7
B
18
10
16
1
11
12
3
5
13
4
8
14
6
9
7
2
A
25
24
75272
23
22 75252
76897
INDEX
Page 4B-6
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
1 - Gimbal Ring
2 - Bushing
3 - Bushing
4 - Flat Washer
5 - Hinge Pin
6 - Trim Position Sender
7 - Clip
8 - Lockwasher
9 - Screw
10 - Clip
11 - U-Bolt
12 - Plate
13 - Locknuts
14 - Swivel Shaft
15 - Flat Washer (Smaller I.D.)
16 - Flat Washer (Larger I.D.)
17 - Clamp Screw
18 - Locknut
19 - Nut
20 - Screw
21 - Clamp Plate
22 - Screws (2) (High Performance Transom Only)
23 - Hinge Pin (High Performance Transom Only)
24 - Magnum and High Performance Gimbal Ring Identification. (Filled Area)
25 - Standard Gimbal Ring Identification.
(Two Ribs)
26 - Steering Lever
Lubricants/Sealants/Adhesives
A
- Resiweld Sealer
B
- Quicksilver 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4B-7
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Gimbal Housing Components
37 38
36
8
6
10
35
6
7
9
5
3
7
E
B 11 12
13
C
2
4
33
1
D
15
34
32
14
31
16
29
28
19
B
29
C
30
23
A
22
20
17
18
21
25
26
24
27
76642
INDEX
Page 4B-8
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
1 - Gimbal Housing
2 - Stud
3 - Lower Swivel Shaft Bushing
4 - Seal
5 - Upper Swivel Shaft Bushing
6 - Clamp
7 - Lube Monitor Hose
8 - Quick Disconnect Fitting
9 - E-Clip
10 - Gear Lube Fitting
11 - Water Bypass Plug
12 - Flat Washer
13 - Locknut
14 - Seal
15 - Gimbal Bearing
16 - Tolerance Ring
17 - Crimp Clamp
18 - Shift Cable Bellows
19 - Bellows Clamp
20 - Washer
21 - Lower Swivel Pin
22 - Cotter Pin
23 - Stud
24 - Gasket
25 - Hydraulic Manifold
26 - Washer
27 - Locknut
28 - Exhaust Passage Seal
29 - Water Hose Insert
30 - Water Hose
31 - Water Fitting Gasket
32 - Water Fitting
33 - Lockwasher
34 - Screw
35 - Gimbal Housing Seal
36 - Large O-rings
37 - Snap Ring Groove
38 - Small O-ring
Lubricants, Sealants, and Adhesives
A
- Loctite 271
B
- 3M Brand Adhesive
C
- Quicksilver U-Joint and Gimbal Bearing Grease
D
- Super Glue
E
- Perfect Seal
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4B-9
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Bell Housing Removal
1. Remove sterndrive unit. Refer to Section 2A.
2. Remove shift cable from bell housing by loosening anchor screws and disconnecting
shift cable end guide from shift bracket.
3. Remove end guide.
a
b
22183
a - End Guide
b - Anchor Screws (2)
4. Remove flanged nut. Hold shift cable retaining nut with wrench.
b
c
a
76673
a - Shift Cable Retaining Nut
b - Seal Washer
c - Flanged Nut
5. Turn tapered insert counterclockwise to remove from I.D. of water hose.
6. Remove water hose from bell housing.
b
c
d
a
50322
a
b
c
d
- Bell Housing
- Tapered Insert
- Tapered Insert Tool (91-43579)
- Water Hose
INDEX
Page 4B-10
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
7. Remove gear lube monitor 90° quick disconnect fitting and through bulkhead fitting
E-clip so that fitting will pull out of gimbal housing upon removal of bell housing.
c
b
a
76665
76640
a - Quick Disconnect Fitting
b - E-Clip
c - Through Bulkhead Fitting
8. Spray engine cleaner around edge of bellows sleeve and remove with U-joint bellows
sleeve removal tool.
a
b
71526
a - Bell Housing
b - U-Bellows Sleeve Removal Tool (91-862546)
9. Loosen hose clamps.
10. Remove exhaust bellows from bell housing.
a
b
22116
a - Exhaust Bellows
b - Hose Clamps
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4B-11
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
11. Remove speedometer tubing clip from bell housing.
a
b
22121
a - Bell Housing
b - Speedometer Tubing Clip
12. On Standard Transom Assembly - Remove hinge pins from port and starboard sides.
a
b
22113
a - Bell Housing
b - Hinge Pins
13. On High Performance Transom Assembly - Remove hinge pins using special tool
(91-63616) and slide hammer as follows:
a. Remove hinge pin screws.
a
71825
a - Hinge Pin Screws
INDEX
Page 4B-12
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
b. Thread special tool into hinge pin.
b
a
71826
a - Slide Hammer
b - Special Tool (91-63616)
c. Remove hinge pins.
a
71828
a - Hinge Pin
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4B-13
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Access Plug Kit Installation
NOTE: If steering lever cavity is not accessible, it will be necessary to drill access holes in
gimbal housing. This procedure requires the following:
Access Plug Kit 22-88847A-1
1-1/8 in. Hole Saw (obtain locally)
1 in. NPT Pipe Tap (obtain locally)
22756
1. Use template at the end of this section as a guide for the correct location for cutting and
drilling access holes. Align template with dimple located beneath decal on the gimbal
housing.
b
a
ÂÂ ÂÂ
76628
a - Dimple (Beneath decal)
b - Template
CAUTION
Be sure to drill and cut hole and tap threads perpendicular to gimbal housing surfaces in the following steps.
2. Drill pilot holes (port and starboard) using a 1/4 in.(6 mm) drill bit.
75915
INDEX
Page 4B-14
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
3. Cut holes in gimbal housing (port and starboard) using 1-1/8 in. hole saw and pilot rod.
a
22652
70153
a - Hole Saw
WARNING
Always wear safety glasses when using compressed air.
4. Remove metal chips with compressed air.
5. Mark 1 in. pipe tap with a piece of tape, 1-1/8 in. (28 mm) from end of tap.
6. Coat pipe tap with grease to aid in picking up metal chips.
7. Cut threads in access holes.
8. Stop cutting when the edge of the tape reaches the gimbal housing.
22757
75904
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4B-15
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Gimbal Ring, Swivel Shaft and Steering Lever Removal
1. Loosen U-bolt nuts.
b
Â
Â
c
a
70150
a - U-bolt Nuts (2)
b - Washers (4)
c - Gimbal Ring
2. Loosen steering lever clamping bolt and nut.
a
b
Â
Â
70157
Engine and transom assembly installed
a - Wrench
b - Socket Wrench
a
b
22460
Engine and transom assembly removed
a - Wrench
b - Wrench
INDEX
Page 4B-16
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
3. Remove locknut.
a
ÂÂ Â
ÂÂ
70156
Engine And Transom Assembly Installed
a - Pin Punch
a
b
22452
Engine And Transom Assembly Removed
a - Locknut
b - 1-1/16 in. Wrench
4. Disconnect trim cylinders from gimbal ring. Suspend cylinders to avoid damage to
hoses.
a
b
c
d e
e
f
g
h
71489
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
- Anchor Pin (1)
- Slots (2)
- Flat Washer (Large I.D.) (2)
- Snap Rings (2)
- Bushings (4)
- Flat Washer (Small I.D.) (2)
- Locknut (2)
- Plastic Cap (2)
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4B-17
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
5. Disconnect continuity wire.
a
22261
a - Continuity Wire
6. Remove cotter pin, lower swivel pin and washer.
c
a
b
22461
a - Cotter Pin
b - Lower Swivel Pin
c - Washer
INDEX
Page 4B-18
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
7. Remove large I.D. washer, steering lever, small I.D. washer and locknut.
8. Remove upper swivel shaft using slide hammer puller (91-34569A1) and puller head
(91-63616) from gimbal ring.
a
b
c
76661
f
e
g
d
22463
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
22492
- Swivel Shaft
- Puller Head
- Slide Hammer
- Washer
- Steering Lever
- Small I.D. Washer
- Locknut
9. Remove gimbal ring.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4B-19
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Gimbal Ring Servicing
GIMBAL RING IDENTIFICATION
The gimbal ring used on various model transom assemblies can be identified as shown in
the following illustration:
b
a
75272
a - Standard Gimbal Ring Identification (Two Ribs)
b - Magnum and High Performance Gimbal Ring Identification (Filled Area)
REMOVING BUSHINGS
CAUTION
Be careful not to damage bores when removing self-lubricating bushings in the following steps.
1. Tap out and remove gimbal ring lower swivel pin bushing using a suitable mandrel.
a
22451
a - Suitable Mandrel
2. Remove gimbal ring hinge pin bushings (port and starboard) using a suitable mandrel.
a
22452
a - Suitable Mandrel
INDEX
Page 4B-20
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
3. Remove oil seal and large bushing from gimbal housing using a two-jaw puller and slide
hammer assembly.
a
b
22452
a - Two Jaw Puller
b - Slide Hammer Assembly
4. Remove small bushing from gimbal housing using a bushing removal tool.
a
a
22454
22438
a - Bushing Removal Tool (Snap-On Tool Company P/N CG40CB)
INSTALL BUSHINGS
1. Install gimbal ring hinge pin bushings as follows:
a. Install hinge pin into bearing and seal driver.
b
a
22452
a - Hinge Pin
b - Seal Driver (P/N 91-43578A1)
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4B-21
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
b. Apply Resiweld Sealer to outer diameter of hinge pin bushing and position bushing
on bearing and seal driver.
a
b
22440
a - Hinge Pin Bushing
b - Bearing And Seal Driver (92-65150-1)
c. Inspect bore for cleanliness and damage before installing bushing.
d. Install bushing in each side of gimbal ring by pressing in place.
a
22454
a - Gimbal Ring
2. Install gimbal ring lower swivel pin bushing as follows:
a. Apply Resiweld Sealer to outer diameter of bushing and position bushing on bearing
and seal driver.
a
b
22440
a - Outer Diameter Of Bushing
b - Bearing And Seal Driver (92-65150-1)
b. Inspect bore for cleanliness and damage before installing bushing.
INDEX
Page 4B-22
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
c. Install bushing in gimbal ring by pressing or tapping in place with a hammer.
NOTE: Pressing is preferred. When using a hammer, install a used hinge pin in the driver
to protect the threads.
a
22453
a - Bushing
3. Install upper swivel shaft small bushing as follows:
a. Place bushing on bearing and seal driver.
a
b
22440
a - Bushing
b - Bearing And Seal Driver
b. Install bushing by tapping it in place with a hammer.
a
22450
a - Hammer
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4B-23
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
4. Install upper swivel shaft large bushing as follows:
a. Place bushing on bearing and seal driver.
a
b
22436
a - Bushing
b - Bearing And Seal Driver
b. Install bushing by tapping it in place with a hammer.
a
22450
a - Hammer
INDEX
Page 4B-24
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
5. Install upper swivel shaft grease seal as follows:
a. Place seal on bearing and seal driver with lip facing the small diameter end of tool.
Apply Loctite 271 to outer diameter of seal.
a
b
22440
a - Seal
b - Bearing And Seal Driver
b. Install grease seal by tapping it in place with a hammer.
a
22450
a - Hammer
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4B-25
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Gimbal Housing Servicing
U-joint Bellows Replacement
1. Remove U-joint bellows from gimbal housing.
a
b
50383
a - U-joint Bellows
b - Hose Clamp
2. If reusing bellows, remove old adhesive from U-joint bellows using lacquer thinner.
a
50383
a - U-joint Bellows
INDEX
Page 4B-26
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
3. Clean bellows mounting flange on gimbal housing with sandpaper and wipe clean with
lacquer thinner.
a
76662
a - Mounting Flange
WARNING
Be sure to read and follow package label direction when using bellows adhesive.
4. Apply bellows adhesive to inside diameter of bellows end that will be attached to gimbal
housing. Bellows adhesive IS NOT needed on the other end that connects to the bell
housing. Allow to dry until adhesive is no longer tacky (approximately 10 minutes) before
installing.
a
50383
a - Inside Diameter of Bellows End
IMPORTANT: TOP mark on U-joint bellows must be facing upward when installing
bellows.
b
a
50383
a - TOP Mark
b - Bead
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4B-27
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
CAUTION
Bellows clamp may corrode if ground clip is not installed.
5. Position ground clip on bellows.
a
50383
a - Grounding Clip
6. Position U-joint bellows with TOP mark facing upwards and install U-joint bellows on
gimbal housing flange and position clamp as shown. Torque to 35 lb-in. (4 Nm).
IMPORTANT: Ensure that the bead on the inner mating surface of bellows is positioned in the groove in gimbal housing flange.
a
b
50383
a - U-joint Bellows
b - Hose Clamp
INDEX
Page 4B-28
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Shift Cable Bellows Replacement
1. Remove shift cable.
a. Disconnect shift cable from shift plate and remove end guide.
b
a
22183
a - Anchor Screws (2)
b - End Guide
2. Remove flanged nut. Hold shift cable retaining nut with wrench.
c
b
a
76673
a - Shift Cable Retaining Nut
b - Seal Washer
c - Flanged Nut
3. Remove shift cable wrapping.
a
76639
a - Shift Cable Wrapping
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4B-29
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
4. Loosen shift cable bellows crimp clamp and pull shift cable through shift cable bellows.
b
c
a
50458
a - Crimp Clamp
b - Shift Cable
c - Shift Cable Bellows
5. Remove shift cable bellows from gimbal housing.
b
a
76663
a - Shift Cable Bellow
b - Hose Clamp
6. Remove old adhesive from shift cable bellows mounting surface using lacquer thinner.
a
22454
a - Shift Cable Bellows Mounting Surface
INDEX
Page 4B-30
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
7. Clean shift cable bellows mounting flange on gimbal housing with sandpaper and wipe
clean with lacquer thinner.
a
76662
a - Mounting Flange
WARNING
Read and follow package label directions before using bellows adhesive.
8. Apply bellows adhesive to shift cable bellows mounting surface. Allow to dry until
adhesive is no longer tacky (approximately 10 minutes) before installing.
a
22454
a - Bellows Mounting Surface
9. Install shift cable bellows on gimbal housing flange. Position hose clamp as shown.
Torque to 35 lb-in. (4 Nm).
b
a
76663
a - Shift Cable Bellows
b - Hose Clamp
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4B-31
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Exhaust Bellows Replacement
NOTE: (For Exhaust Tube Replacement, see Section 4A)
1. Remove exhaust bellows from gimbal housing.
b
a
76660
a - Exhaust Bellows
b - Hose Clamp
2. If old exhaust bellows will be reinstalled, remove old adhesive from exhaust bellows
mounting surfaces with lacquer thinner.
a
22450
a - Mounting Surface
3. Clean exhaust bellows mounting flange with sandpaper and wipe clean with lacquer
thinner.
a
76662
a - Mounting Flange
INDEX
Page 4B-32
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
4. Position grounding clips on bellows. Use bellows P/N 18654, only. Do not substitute
earlier model bellows.
b
b
c
a
22079
a - Apply Bellows Adhesive
b - Grounding Clips
c - Part Number
WARNING
Read and follow package label directions when using bellows adhesive.
5. Apply bellows adhesive to exhaust bellows mounting surface. Allow to dry until adhesive
is no longer tacky (approximately 10 minutes) before installing.
a
22450
a - Mounting Surface
6. Install exhaust bellows on gimbal housing flange.
7. Position hose clamp as shown. Torque to 35 lb-in. (4 Nm).
b
a
76660
a - Exhaust Bellows
b - Hose Clamp
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4B-33
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Speedometer Hose Replacement
1. Remove hose from plastic adaptor fitting.
a
b
22461
a - Hose
b - Plastic Adaptor Fitting
2. Remove hex fitting from inner transom and pull speedometer hose through
transom.
a
76672
a - Hex Fitting
3. Remove speedometer hose by removing clamp and pulling hose off.
4. Install inner new speedometer hose on barbed fitting. Secure with hose clamp.
5. Push speedometer hose through transom.
INDEX
Page 4B-34
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
6. Install hex fitting. Torque fitting to 35 lb-in. (4 Nm).
a
76672
a - Hex Fitting
7. Install plastic adaptor fitting on speedometer hose.
a
b
22461
a - Hose
b - Plastic Adaptor Fitting
Gear Lube Monitor System Components
MONITOR TO THROUGH BULKHEAD FITTING HOSE
Check hose periodically for condition and replace as necessary.
1. To replace hose, remove hose clamps and remove hose.
2. Install new hose of sufficient length to allow monitor to be removed from topside or
bottom side of bracket. Secure hose with hose clamps.
NOTE: If location does not require that the connecting hose crosses the inner transom plate
to port side, the J-clip on water pickup outlet (top bolt) would neither be needed nor installed.
The plastic hose clip can be used to hold hose in position, if needed, on transom and prevent
it from contacting the power steering assembly or engine coupler after they are installed.
IMPORTANT: After installation of replacement hose, check that hose will not contact
any part of the power steering assembly or engine coupler.
THROUGH BULKHEAD TO BELL HOUSING GEAR LUBE MONITOR HOSE
NOTE: Bell housing must be removed from gimbal ring for this procedure. Refer to Section
4B.
1. Remove hose clamps.
2. Remove hose.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4B-35
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
3. Replace hose and hose clamps.
4. Tighten hose clamps securely.
IMPORTANT: Hose and clamps are installed on bell housing hose barb and through
bulkhead fitting, before through bulkhead fitting is reinstalled.
a
b
c
76664
a - Hose - 10 in. (254 mm)
b - Hose Clamps
c - Through Bulkhead Fitting
BELL HOUSING TO DRIVE SHAFT HOUSING CHECK VALVES
Unless damaged during disassembly, or by heat, these check valves should last the life of
the drive unit.
The bell housing check valve is replaced as an assembly.
Removal
1. The bell housing check valve can be removed with pliers and discarded, or it can be
removed by placing hose clamp snugly over area “f,” and pulling out, with pliers on hose
clamp and reinstalled if working properly.
2. The drive shaft housing check valve can be removed by retracting the seal cup with a
pliers or hook and discarded. Remove the check valve and spring and discard.
f
c
a
b
c
d
e
f
b
a
d
e
50321
- Seal Cup
- Check Ball
- Spring
- Check Valve Assembly
- O-rings (2)
- Area to Secure Hose Clamp for Retraction
INDEX
Page 4B-36
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Reassembly
1. Driveshaft Housing - insert spring, check ball and seal cup. Press or tap carefully on
seal cup until outer face is flush with casting surface. Do not use sealant.
2. Bell Housing - coat O-rings with gear lube. Insert check valve assembly into
passageway. Place 3/8 in. deep wall socket over valve end and tap into casting until
shoulder surface “e” is flush with casting surface.
g
c
b a
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
e
f
d
50321
- Seal Cup
- Check Ball
- Spring
- Bell Housing Check Valve Assembly
- Surface Flush with Casting
- O-rings (2)
- Valve End
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4B-37
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Trim Position Sender and Trim Limit Switch Wire Replacement
1. Remove trim limit switch wires and trim position sender wires.
b
c
d
a
70197
a
b
c
d
- Screw
- Trim Harness Clamp
- Trim Limit Switch Wires
- Trim Position Sender Wires
2. Install trim limit switch wires and trim position sender wires. DO NOT pinch wires.
a
b
70198
a - Trim Limit Switch Wires
b - Trim Position Sender Wires
3. Apply Perfect Seal to threads of screw and install trim harness clamp and screw.
a
b
70197
a - Trim Harness Clamp
b - Screw
INDEX
Page 4B-38
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Gimbal Ring / Swivel Shaft and Steering Lever Installation
1. Place large inner diameter washer, steering lever, small inner diameter washer and
locknut into steering lever cavity in gimbal housing.
d
b
c
a
22492
22463
a
b
c
d
- Large Inner Diameter Washer
- Steering Lever
- Small Inner Diameter Washer
- Locknut
2. Install upper swivel shaft through gimbal ring and up into and through washers, steering
lever and locknut. Start locknut on upper swivel shaft threads. DO NOT tighten at this
time.
e
c
b
aa
d
22452
a
b
c
d
e
22463
- Upper Swivel Shaft
- Gimbal Ring
- Washers
- Steering Lever
- Locknut
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4B-39
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
3. Install lower swivel pin and washer. Secure with cotter pin. Spread ends.
a
b
c
22461
b
22445
a - Swivel Pin
b - Washer
c - Cotter Pin
4. Clean ground wire ring terminal and screw.
5. Connect ground wire from gimbal housing to gimbal ring. Tighten securely.
a
22261
a - Ground Wire
INDEX
Page 4B-40
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
6. Tighten locknut until a clearance of .002 - .010 in. (0.05 - 0.25 mm) exists between lower
swivel pin washer and gimbal housing mount.
a
Â
 ÂÂ
70156
Engine And Transom Assembly Installed
a - Pin Punch
a
b
22452
Engine And Transom Assembly Removed
a - Locknut
b - 1-1/16 in. Wrench
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4B-41
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
7. Strike down on gimbal ring flanges using a plastic hammer.
8. Recheck clearance and tighten locknut as necessary.
d
a
c
22461
c
b
22445
d
a
b
c
d
- Feeler Gauge - .001 - .010 in. (0.05 - 0.25mm)
- Washer
- Gimbal Housing Mount
- Gimbal Ring
9. Torque locknuts evenly to 53 lb-ft (72 Nm).
ÂÂ
ÂÂ Â
a
c
70150
a - Locknuts (2) and Washers (2)
b - Gimbal Ring
INDEX
Page 4B-42
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
10. Tighten steering lever clamping bolt and nut. Torque 50 lb-ft (68 Nm).
a
b
ÂÂ
70157
Engine And Transom Assembly Installed
a - Wrench
b - Socket Wrench
b
a
22460
Engine And Transom Assembly Removed
a - Wrench
b - Wrench
11. Install steering lever ground wire. Wire must be positioned as shown. Tighten securely.
b
a
22028
a - Ground Wire
b - Screws
12. Install anchor pin and snap rings.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4B-43
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
13. Install trim cylinders on gimbal ring.
a
b
c
d e
e
f
g
h
71489
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
- Anchor Pin (1)
- Slots (2)
- Flat Washer (Large Inner Diameter) (2)
- Snap Rings (2)
- Bushings (4)
- Flat Washer (Small l.D.) (2)
- Locknut (2)
- Plastic Cap (2)
14. Coat threads of plastic plugs (if used) with Perfect Seal and thread into access hole until
flush with housing. Use a 5/8 in. hex wrench or 5/8 in. hex stock to secure.
a
22756
75904
a - Plastic Plugs
15. Touch up any bare metal spots with primer and “Phantom Black” spray paint.
INDEX
Page 4B-44
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Bell Housing Installation
Standard Transom Assembly
1. Install fiber washers on gimbal ring.
2. Secure with Resiweld Sealer.
3. Ensure that washer pilots on hinge pin bushing.
a
b
c
22454
a - Fiber Washers
b - Gimbal Ring
c - Hinge Pin Bushing
4. Install bell housing.
5. Clean threads and apply Loctite 271 to threads of hinge pins (port and starboard).
6. Install hinge pins and torque to 145 lb-ft (197 Nm).
a
b
22113
a - Hinge Pin Tool (91-78310)
b - Torque Wrench
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4B-45
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
High Performance Transom Assembly
1. Thread hinge pin onto special tool. Lubricate hinge pins with Quicksilver Special
Lubricant 101.
b
a
71828
a - Hinge Pin
b - Special Tool (91-63616)
2. Slide hinge pin through gimbal ring and bell housing. Be sure to align screw holes in
hinge pin with holes in gimbal ring.
a
a
71827
a - Screw Holes
3. Lightly tap hinge pin into place using slide hammer.
a
71826
a - Slide Hammer
INDEX
Page 4B-46
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
4. Apply Loctite 242 to threads of screws and install. Torque screws to 25-30 lb.in. (2.83.3 N⋅m).
a
71825
a - Screws
Standard And High Performance Transom Assemblies
1. Install speedometer hose clip onto bell housing.
b
a
22121
a - Speedometer Hose Clip
b - Bell Housing
2. Clean exhaust bellows mounting flange on bell housing with sandpaper and wipe clean
with lacquer thinner.
WARNING
Be sure to read and follow package label directions when using bellows adhesive.
3. Apply bellows adhesive to mounting surface on inside of bellows. Allow to dry
(approximately 10 minutes), before installing.
4. Position grounding clip on bellows.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4B-47
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
5. Place hose clamp over bellows end.
c
b
a
22450
a - Mounting Surface
b - Grounding Clip
c - Hose Clamp
6. Place bellows expander tool into first bellows convolution.
22161
a - Expander Tool (91-45497A1)
7. Pull tool until tool touches the mounting flange on bell housing (bellows starts to slip onto
flange) then release tool.
a
b
a
b
c
d
d
c
22116
- Expander Tool (91-45497A1)
- Bell Housing Flange
- Exhaust Bellows
- Hose Clamp
8. Reposition tool into the third bellows convolution.
9. Pull bellows onto bell housing flange.
INDEX
Page 4B-48
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
10. Tighten hose clamp. Torque to 35 lb-in. (4 Nm).
11. Remove tool.
b
c
a
22116
a - Exhaust Bellows
b - Bell Housing Flange
c - Hose Clamp - Tighten Securely
12. Position U-joint bellows on bell housing. Ensure that the bell housing flange (a) rests in
the second groove from the end of bellows.
a
a
22116
a - Bell Housing Flange
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4B-49
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
13. Lubricate sleeve outer diameter with soapy water or engine cleaner and install sleeve
installation tool and a suitable driving rod.
c
a
b
c
b
76898
a - Sleeve
b - Sleeve Installation Tool (91-818162)
c - Suitable Driving Rod
14. Position water hose so that approximately 1/8 in. (3 mm) protrudes from edge of bell
housing opening.
b
a
a - Bell Housing
b - Water Hose
a. Apply a small amount of 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon to hose inner diameter
and install tapered inserts using the tapered insert tool.
a
b
a - Tapered Insert
b - Tapered Insert Tool (P/N 91-43579)
INDEX
Page 4B-50
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Shift Cable Installation
1. Insert shift cable end into and through shift cable bellows.
a
b
76620
a - Shift Cable End
b - Shift Bellows
2. Apply Perfect Seal to shift cable retaining nut threads. Secure shift cable to bell housing.
b
a
50327
c
b
a
76673
a - Shift Cable Retaining Nut
b - Seal Washer
c - Flanged Nut
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4B-51
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
3. Install shift cable wrapping approximately 2 in. from gimbal housing.
a
76639
a - Shift Cable Wrapping
CAUTION
Water leakage may result if clamp is not installed properly. Check that bellows end
is not flattened out when crimping in the followIng step.
4. Install and compress shift cable bellows crimp clamp, maintaining a 1/2 in. diameter
round outer diameter Ensure that clamp is crimped evenly to maintain a good seal
between bellows and shift cable. Do NOT allow bellows to flatten.(Plans for Crimp
Clamp Tool are on p. 4B-57)
a
22117
a - Crimp Clamp
INDEX
Page 4B-52
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
5. Install core wire locating tool on face of bell housing.
a
b
50327
a - Bell Housing
b - Core Wire Locating Tool (P/N 91-17263)
6. Install threaded tube until it contacts. Tighten finger tight.
7. Tighten jam nut securely.
a
22183
b
a - Threaded Tube
b - Jam Nut
8. Install cable end guide over core wire and insert core wire through cable anchor. Tighten
anchor screws evenly and torque to 20 lb-in. (2.3 Nm).
d
a
c
a
b
c
d
b
d
22183
- Cable End Guide
- Core Wire
- Anchor Screws
- Sight Port
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4B-53
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
9. Place shift cable anchor adjustment tool on end of shift cable.
a
c
b
22120
a - Shift Cable Anchor Adjustment Tool (91-17262)
b - Stud
c - Hole - Barrel Placed Here
10. Ensure that bell housing end of core wire is positioned tight against core wire locating
tool.
a
c
b
22121
a - Bell Housing
b - Core Wire Locating Tool
c - Core Wire
11. Adjust cable barrel to align with hole in tool.
a
b
22120
a - Barrel
b - Hole in Tool
INDEX
Page 4B-54
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
Bravo Access Plug Drilling Template
IMPORTANT: Carefully cut out template - use straightedge to make accurate folds.
Align centerline of template with centerline of dimple or grease fitting (on older models). With template accurately aligned, securely TAPE TEMPLATE TO GIMBAL HOUSING so that it cannot move or shift.
 Â
Â
76628
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4B-55
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
INDEX
Page 4B-56
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Crimp Clamp Tool
b
a
a
a
b
c
74148
a - Bevel Edges
b - 3/4 in. Nut
c - Pliers
1. Weld a 3/4 in. nut to the jaws of a pair of pliers (as shown).
2. Saw the nut in half without damaging the pliers.
3. Clamp the jaws of the pliers in a vice so that the two halves of the nut are pressed firmly
together.
4. Use a 1/2 in. drill bit to drill the threads out of the nut.
5. Remove the pliers from the clamp and bevel the edges of the nut as indicated.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 4B-57
SERVICE PROCEDURES REQUIRING MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
THIS PAGE IS INTENTIONALLY BLANK
INDEX
Page 4B-58
90-863160 MAY 2000
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
POWER TRIM
Section 5A - Oildyne Trim Pump
Table of Contents
Trim Pump Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-2
Valve Pressure Specifications . . . . . . . . 5A-2
Electrical Specification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-2
Torque Specification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-2
Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-2
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives . . . . . 5A-2
Trim Pump Exploded View . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-3
Oildyne Trim Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-3
Maintaining Power Trim Pump Oil Level . . 5A-4
Air Bleeding Power Trim System . . . . . . . . 5A-5
Bleeding OUT/UP Trim Circuit . . . . . . . . 5A-5
Bleeding IN/DOWN Trim Circuit . . . . . . 5A-5
Testing Power Trim Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-6
Test Gauge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-6
Internal Restriction Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-7
OUT/UP Pressure Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-8
IN/DOWN Pressure Test . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-10
Trim Pump Hydraulic System . . . . . . . . 5A-11
Trim Cylinder Internal Leak Test . . . . . . . . 5A-12
Trim Cylinder Shock Piston Test . . . . . 5A-15
Motor and Electrical Bench Tests . . . . . . . 5A-16
Trim Pump Motor Test (In Boat) . . . . . 5A-16
Trim Pump Motor Test (Out of Boat) . . 5A-18
Solenoid Test (Pump In Boat) . . . . . . . 5A-19
Solenoid Test (Pump Out of Boat) . . . 5A-20
110 Amp Fuse Test (Pump in Boat) . . 5A-22
110 Amp Fuse Test (Pump
Out of Boat) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-22
20 Amp Fuse Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-23
Trim Pump Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5A-23
Hydraulic Repair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Filter Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
UP Pressure Relief
Valve Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DOWN Pressure Relief
Valve Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Thermal Relief Valve Replacement . .
Pump Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adapter Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adapter Repair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pump Shaft Oil Seal Replacement . . .
Motor Repair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Armature Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Continuity Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test for Shorts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning Commutator . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Field Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test for Open Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test for Short in Field . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Thermal Switch Continuity Test . . . . . .
Brush Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trim Pump Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trim Pump Wiring Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . .
Model With Three-Button
Trim/Trailer Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Model With Trim In Handle and
Trailer Switch Separate . . . . . . . . . . . .
5A-25
5A-25
5A-27
5A-28
5A-29
5A-30
5A-30
5A-31
5A-33
5A-37
5A-39
5A-39
5A-42
5A-42
5A-43
5A-43
5A-43
5A-43
5A-44
5A-45
5A-46
5A-49
5A-55
5A-56
5A-56
5A-57
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5A-1
5
A
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Trim Pump Specifications
Valve Pressure Specifications
VALVE
Up Circuit
Down Circuit
PSI
kPa
2200-2600
15173-17932
400-600
2759-4138
Electrical Specification
PUMP AMPERAGE DRAW
PSI
kPa
115 Amps at:
2200-2600
15173-17932
Torque Specification
DESCRIPTION
lb-in.
lb-ft
Nm
Up Pressure Relief Valve
Down Pressure Relief Valve
Thermal Relief Valve
70
7.9
25
2.8
110
12
Pump-to-Adaptor Mounting Screws
End Cap To Motor Housing
Motor-to-Adaptor Mounting Screws
UP Pressure Hydraulic Hose (Black)
DOWN Pressure Hydraulic Hose
(Gray)
Hex Plug Retainers
44
60
Special Tools
DESCRIPTION
Trim Pump Test Gauge Kit
Torque Wrench (lb-in.)
PART NUMBER
91-52915A6
91-66274
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives
DESCRIPTION
PART NUMBER
Quicksilver Power Trim and Steering Fluid
92-90100A1
Quicksilver 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with
Teflon
Liquid Neoprene
92-825407A12
92-25711-2
INDEX
Page 5A-2
90-863160 MAY 2000
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Trim Pump Exploded View
Oildyne Trim Pump
24
23
22
21
(Factory Installed Valve) (Replacement Valve)
50396
19
5
3
2
4
7
6
15
14
1
15
16
8
9
14
18
13
12
20
17
11
16
10
17
1 - Adaptor
2 - Coupling
3 - Pump
4 - Filter
5 - O-ring-Motor End
6 - O-ring, Reservoir End
7 - Reservoir
8 - Cap
9 - Screw (Includes O-ring)
10 - End Cap w/Bearing
11 - Screw
12 - O-ring
73519
13 - Screw
14 - Brush Holder Kit
15 - Brush set
16 - Armature
17 - Thrust Washer
18 - Field and Frame
19 - Housing
20 - Screw
21 - Relief Valve With:
22 - Spring
23 - Eyelet
24 - Check Ball
Replacement Relief Valve Color Code:
Down Pressure: Green
Up Pressure: Blue
Thermal: Gold
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5A-3
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Maintaining Power Trim Pump Oil Level
CAUTION
Avoid pump damage. Vent reservoir pressure by backing out the vent screw two
turns after tightening completely. Units without a vent screw have a vented fill cap.
Remove the fill neck seal on models without a vent screw.
IMPORTANT: Check the oil level with the sterndrive unit in the full down position.
IMPORTANT: If quicksilver Power Trim and steering fluid is not available, SAE 10W-30
or 10W-40 engine oil can be used in the system.
1. Raise and lower the sterndrive unit 6 to 10 times to purge air from the system. Check
the oil level visually.
2. Maintain the oil level between the “Max” and “Min” marks on the side of the reservoir.
Fill to the bottom lip on the fill neck.
a
b
22031
a - Bottom Lip On The Fill Neck
b - Vented Cap
INDEX
Page 5A-4
90-863160 MAY 2000
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Air Bleeding Power Trim System
1. The Power Trim System will purge itself of a small amount of air by raising and lowering
the sterndrive unit several times. However, if a rebuilt trim cylinder is being installed
(which has not been filled with oil), the bleeding procedure should be used to remove
the air from the system.
Bleeding OUT/UP Trim Circuit
1. Fill the pump reservoir to the proper level. The trim cylinder must be compressed.
2. Disconnect the OUT/UP hose from the front connection on the trim cylinder. If both cylinders were rebuilt, disconnect the hoses from both cylinders.
3. Direct the end of the removed trim hoses into a container.
4. Run the trim pump in the OUT/UP direction until a solid, air-free stream of fluid is expelled from the hoses. Reconnect the hoses and tighten securely.
5. Refill the trim pump to the proper level.
b
a
50389
a - OUT/UP Trim Hose
b - Front Connection On Trim Cylinder
Bleeding IN/DOWN Trim Circuit
1. Ensure that the pump reservoir is filled to the proper level.
2. Disconnect the IN/DOWN hose from the rear connection on the gimbal housing hydraulic connector. If both cylinders were rebuilt, disconnect the hoses from both sides of the
hydraulic connector.
3. Plug the holes in the hydraulic connector using plug (22-38609) or suitable device.
4. Direct the end of the trim hose into a container.
5. Run the trim pump in the OUT/UP direction until the trim cylinders are fully extended.
6. Remove the plugs from the gimbal housing hydraulic connector and briefly run the trim
pump in the IN/DOWN direction until a solid, air-free stream of fluid is expelled from the
rear holes in the hydraulic connector. Reconnect the trim hoses and tighten securely.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5A-5
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
7. Lower the sterndrive unit to the full IN/DOWN position and refill the trim pump to the
proper level. Run the trim system IN/DOWN and OUT/UP several times and recheck the
fluid level.
b
c
a
50389
a - IN/DOWN Trim Hose
b - Hydraulic Connector
c - Plug (22-38609)
Testing Power Trim Pump
CAUTION
Cross connecting trim hoses will damage the sterndrive housing. Appropriately
mark trim hoses and hose connections to ensure proper reassembly.
Test Gauge
1. Check the trim pump oil level. Fill if necessary.
2. Place the sterndrive unit in the full IN/DOWN position.
INDEX
Page 5A-6
90-863160 MAY 2000
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
3. Connect the test gauge at the most convenient location at pump or hydraulic connector.
a
A
B
70596
Gauge Connected to Pump
a - Hydraulic Test Gauge (91-52915A6)
a
A
B
d
c
b
50390
50391
Gauge Connected to Hydraulic Connector
a - Hydraulic Test Gauge (91-52915A6)
b - Gimbal Housing Hydraulic Connector
c - Caps (Supplied with Gauge)
d - Plugs (Supplied with Gauge)
4. Open valve “A” and “B” and run the pump OUT/UP and IN/DOWN several times (to
purge air).
Internal Restriction Test
1. Open valves “A” and “B”.
2. Run pump OUT/UP and IN/DOWN while observing gauge.
3. Replace adapter if pressure exceeds 200 psi (1379 kPa).
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5A-7
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
OUT/UP Pressure Test
NOTE: The numbers in parentheses, e.g. (3), refer to the trim pump hydraulic system diagram on page 5A-11.
1. Leave valve “A” open and close valve “B.”
2. Run pump OUT/UP while observing the gauge. The reading should be 2200-2600 psi.
(15173-17932 kPa).
If gauge reading is within specifications, proceed to step 3.
If gauge reading is not within specifications, perform the following:
Replace UP Pressure Release Valve
(3) and Retest
Reading OK
Proceed to
Step 3
Reading OK
Proceed to
Step 3
Reading NOT OK
Replace Thermal Relief Valve (4) and
Retest
Reading NOT OK
Replace Adaptor (2)
INDEX
Page 5A-8
90-863160 MAY 2000
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
3. Run the pump OUT/UP until the gauge reading reaches 2200-2600 psi (15173-17932
kPa). Stop pumping OUT/UP. The pressure should not fall below 1900 psi (13104 kPa).
If gauge reading is 1900 psi (13104 kPa) or above, UP pressure test completed.
If gauge reading is below 1900 psi (13104 kPa) perform the following:
Check for External Oil Leaks,
Correct and Retest
Reading OK
Up Pressure
Test Completed
Reading OK
Up Pressure
Test Completed
Reading OK
Up Pressure
Test Completed
Reading NOT OK
Replace Thermal Relief
Valve (4) and Retest
Reading NOT OK
Install Trim Pump Rebuild
Kit and Retest
Reading NOT OK
Replace Adaptor (2)
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5A-9
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
IN/DOWN Pressure Test
NOTE: The numbers in parentheses, e.g. (3), refer to the trim pump hydraulic system diagram.
1. Close valve “A” and open valve “B.”
2. Run the pump IN/DOWN while observing the gauge. The reading should be 400-600
psi (2759-4138 kPa).
If gauge reading is within specifications, proceed to step 3.
If gauge reading is NOT within specifications, perform the following.
Replace DOWN Pressure
Release Valve (6) and Retest
Reading OK
Proceed to
Step 3
Reading OK
Proceed to
Step 3
Reading NOT OK
Install Trim Pump
Rebuild Kit
Reading NOT OK
Replace Adaptor (2)
3. Run pump IN/DOWN until gauge reading reaches 400-600 psi (2759-4138 kPa). Stop
pumping IN/DOWN. Pressure should not fall below 350 psi (2414 kPa).
If gauge reading above 350 psi (2414 kPa), DOWN Pressure Test completed.
If gauge reading below 350 psi (2414 kPa), perform the following:
Check For External Oil Leaks;
Correct (5) And Retest
Reading OK
Down
Pressure
Test
Completed
Reading OK
Down
Pressure
Test
Completed
Reading NOT OK
Install Trim Pump
Rebuild Kit And Retest(1)
Reading NOT OK
Replace Adaptor (2)
INDEX
Page 5A-10
90-863160 MAY 2000
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Trim Pump Hydraulic System
5
1
4
2
6
3
5
5
5
5
5
73552
1 - Poppet Valves
2 - Pump Adaptor
3 - OUT/UP Pressure Relief Valve
4 - Thermal Relief Valve
5 - Fitting
6 - IN/DOWN Pressure Relief Valve
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5A-11
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Trim Cylinder Internal Leak Test
IMPORTANT: Before performing the following test, ensure that OUT/UP pressure
meets specifications designated in OUT/UP pressure test.
1. Reconnect the trim cylinder hoses if disconnected.
a. Remove the plugs and caps.
b. Install the OUT/UP hose to the forward hole on the hydraulic connector. Tighten securely.
c. Install the IN/DOWN hose to the aft hole on the hydraulic connector. Tighten securely.
c
a
b
50391
a - OUT/UP Hose
b - IN/DOWN Hose
c - Hydraulic Connector
INDEX
Page 5A-12
90-863160 MAY 2000
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
2. Connect the gauge at the most convenient location.
b
e
a
c
d
70598
Gauge Connected to Pump
a - Hydraulic Test Gauge
b - Hose Connected to UP (Left Hole)
c - Fittings - (Supplied with Gauge)
d - BLACK Hose (From Gimbal Housing)
e - GREY Hose (From Gimbal Housing)
a
A
B
c
b
50390
Gauge Connected to Hydraulic Connector
a - Test Gauge
b - Coupling (Supplied with Gauge)
c - Front Hydraulic Connector Port
3. Open valves “A” and “B” and the run pump OUT/UP and IN/DOWN several times to
purge air.
4. Run the pump OUT/UP until the trim cylinders are fully extended.
INDEX
5. Observe the gauge while pumping. The pressure should be 2200-2600 psi
(15173-17932 kPa).
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5A-13
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
6. Stop pumping OUT/UP. Pressure should not fall below 1900 psi (13104 kPa). Reading
below 1900 psi (13105 kPa) indicates a trim cylinder leak. Use the following steps to locate the faulty cylinder.
NOTE: If the gauge is connected at the pump, reconnect the gauge at the gimbal housing
hydraulic connector. Repeat step 3, then run the pump in the OUT/UP direction until the trim
cylinder is fully extended.
Close the valve on the test
gauge an repeat Steps 4
and 5.
Reading OK
Replace
cylinder on
same side of
test gauge
connection.
Reading NOT OK
Replace cylinder on
opposite side of test gauge
connection.
INDEX
Page 5A-14
90-863160 MAY 2000
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Trim Cylinder Shock Piston Test
If all previous trim system test results meet specifications, but sterndrive unit will not
trim IN/DOWN, the problem may be a leaky trim cylinder shock piston. Use the following test to check for this condition. No test gauge required.
1. Run the pump in the OUT/UP direction until the trim cylinders are fully extended.
2. Use a suitable devise to keep trim cylinder piston rods from retracting. The Quicksilver
Trailering Kit works well for this purpose.
a
22562
a - Trailering Clip
3. Disconnect the UP trim hose from trim cylinders.
b
a
50389
a - UP Trim Hose
b - Front Connection
4. Run the pump in the IN/DOWN direction. If oil flows from the UP port on the trim cylinder,
the shock piston is leaking and must be replaced.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5A-15
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Motor and Electrical Bench Tests
Trim Pump Motor Test (In Boat)
WARNING
Making electrical connections may cause a spark. DO NOT perform this test near
flammables or explosives.
WARNING
Remain clear of the sterndrive unit when performing power trim pump motor tests
with pump in the boat and hydraulic hoses connected.
OUT/UP OPERATION
1. Connect a jumper wire between the positive (+) solenoid terminal and the blue-white
motor lead terminal.
2. The motor should run.
a
c
b
22494
IN/DOWN POSITION
a - OUT/UP Solenoid
b - Positive Terminal (+)
c - Negative Supply Lead
INDEX
Page 5A-16
90-863160 MAY 2000
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
IN/DOWN OPERATION
1. Connect a jumper wire between the positive (+) solenoid terminal and the green-white
motor lead terminal.
2. The motor should run.
b
a
d
c
73556
a
b
c
d
- IN/DOWN Solenoid
- Positive Terminal (+)
- GREEN-WHITE Motor Lead Terminal
- Jumper Wire
3. If the motor does not run, refer to “Motor Repair.”
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5A-17
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Trim Pump Motor Test (Out of Boat)
WARNING
Making electrical connections may cause a spark. DO NOT perform this test near
flammables or explosives.
1. Remove the trim pump from the boat. Refer to “Trim Pump Removal.”
2. Remove the fluid from the trim pump reservoir.
OUT/UP OPERATION
1. Connect a 12 volt Positive (+) supply lead to the blue-white motor lead terminal.
2. Connect the negative (–) supply lead to a good ground on the pump.
3. The motor should run.
c
b
a
22495
a - OUT/UP Solenoid
b - 12 Volt Positive (+) Supply Lead
c - Negative Supply Lead
IN/DOWN OPERATION
1. Connect a 12 volt Positive (+) supply lead to the green-white motor lead terminal.
2. Connect the negative (–) supply lead to a good ground on the pump.
3. The motor should run.
c
a
b
22494
a
b
c
d
INDEX
Page 5A-18
- IN/DOWN Solenoid
- 12 Volt Positive Supply (+) Lead
- GREEN/WHITE Motor Lead
- Jumper Wire
4. If the motor does not run, refer to “Motor Repair.”
90-863160 MAY 2000
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Solenoid Test (Pump In Boat)
WARNING
DO NOT perform this test near flammables or explosives as a spark may occur when
making connections.
CAUTION
Remain clear of the sterndrive unit when performing power trim pump motor tests
with pump in the boat and hydraulic hoses connected.
UP/OUT SOLENOID
1. Connect a jumper wire between the positive (+) solenoid terminal and the blue-white
harness wire terminal.
2. The motor should run.
c
a
b
d
22495
a
b
c
d
- OUT/UP Solenoid
- Positive (+) Solenoid Terminal
- BLUE/WHITE Harness Wire Terminal
- Jumper Wire
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5A-19
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
IN/DOWN SOLENOID
1. Connect a jumper between the positive (+) solenoid terminal and the green/white harness wire terminal.
2. The motor should run.
b
a
c
d
22494
a
b
c
d
- IN/DOWN Solenoid
- Positive (+) Solenoid Terminal
- GREEN/WHITE Harness Wire Terminal
- Jumper Wire
3. If the pump motor does not run in one direction or another, replace the appropriate solenoid.
NOTE: See the wiring diagram on page 5A-51.
Solenoid Test (Pump Out of Boat)
WARNING
DO NOT perform this test near flammables or explosives as a spark may occur when
making connections.
1. Remove the trim pump from the boat. Refer to “Trim Pump Removal.”
2. Remove the fluid from the trim pump reservoir.
OUT/UP SOLENOID
1. Connect a 12 volt Positive (+) supply lead to blue-white harness terminal wire.
2. Connect the negative (–) supply lead to the solenoid ground terminal as shown.
INDEX
Page 5A-20
90-863160 MAY 2000
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
3. Connect the ohmmeter leads to the large terminals on the solenoid.
f
b
c
e
a
d
22493
a
b
c
d
e
f
- OUT/UP Solenoid
- 12 volt Positive (+) Supply Lead
- Negative (–) Supply Lead
- Ohmmeter Leads
- BLUE/WHITE Harness Wire Terminal
- Solenoid Ground Terminal
4. Zero Ohms Reading (Full Continuity)-Solenoid is OK.
High Ohms Reading (No Continuity)-Replace solenoid.
IN/DOWN SOLENOID
1. Connect a 12 volt positive (+) supply lead to the green-white harness wire terminal.
2. Connect the negative (–) supply lead to the solenoid ground terminal.
3. Connect the ohmmeter leads to the large terminals on the solenoid.
d
c
a
f
e
b
22494
a
b
c
d
e
f
- IN/DOWN Solenoid
- 12 Volt Positive (+) Supply Lead
- Negative (–) Supply Lead
- Ohmmeter Leads
- GREEN/WHITE Harness Wire Terminal
- Solenoid Ground Terminal
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5A-21
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
4. Zero Ohms Reading (Full Continuity)-Solenoid is OK.
High Ohms Reading (No Continuity)-Replace solenoid.
NOTE: See the wiring diagram on page 5A-51.
110 Amp Fuse Test (Pump in Boat)
WARNING
DO NOT perform this test near flammables (or explosives) as a spark may occur
when making connections.
1. Check for voltage at battery power terminal using a volt meter. Voltage MUST BE indicated before proceeding with the next check.
a
c
d
b
22495
a
b
c
d
- Volt Meter Negative (–) Lead
- Volt Meter Positive (+) Lead
- Fuse (RED in Color)
- Battery Power Terminal
2. Check for voltage at protected terminal of110 Amp fuse using a volt meter.
a
c
b
d
22493
a
b
c
d
- Volt Meter Negative (–) Lead
- Volt Meter Positive (+) Lead
- Fuse (RED in Color)
- Protected Terminal Of 110 Amp Fuse
3. Voltage Indicated: Fuse OK.
Voltage Not Indicated: Replace the fuse.
INDEX
Page 5A-22
90-863160 MAY 2000
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
110 Amp Fuse Test (Pump Out of Boat)
1. Connect the ohmmeter leads between the terminals on the fuse.
a
b
22493
a - 110 Amp Fuse (Red)
b - Ohmmeter Leads
2. Zero Ohms Reading (Full Continuity)-Fuse OK.
High Ohms Reading (No Continuity)-Replace fuse.
20 Amp Fuse Test
1. Remove the fuse from the fuse holder.
a
22496
a - Fuse Holder
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5A-23
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
2. Connect one ohmmeter lead to each end of the fuse.
a
b
22497
a - 20 Amp Fuse
b - Ohmmeter Leads
3. Zero Ohms Reading (Full Continuity)-Fuse OK.
High Ohms Reading (No Continuity)-Replace fuse.
Trim Pump Removal
1. Disconnect the trim pump battery leads from the power source. Disconnect the negative
lead first.
2. Disconnect the trim harness connector (3 pronged connector) from the trim pump.
3. Remove the hydraulic hoses from the trim pump. Cap the hose ends.
4. Remove the lag bolts and washers. Then, lift the pump and floor bracket from the boat.
b
c
f
f
d
a
a
b
c
d
e
f
e
22459
- Positive Battery Lead
- Negative Battery Lead
- Harness Connector
- BLACK Hydraulic Hose (UP Hose)
- GRAY Hydraulic Hose (DOWN Hose)
- Lag Bolts and Washers
INDEX
Page 5A-24
90-863160 MAY 2000
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Hydraulic Repair
Disassembly
1. Disconnect the trim motor wires.
c
a
b
70359
a - BLUE/WHITE Motor Wire
b - GREEN/WHITE Motor Wire
c - BLACK Ground Wire
2. Remove the mounting bolts and trim pump from the floor bracket.
b
a
c
22548
a - Trim Pump
b - Floor Bracket
c - Mounting Bolts
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5A-25
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
3. Remove the solenoids if replacement is necessary.
c
c
a
c
c
b
70232
a - UP Solenoid
b - DOWN Solenoid
c - Mounting Bolts (2 on Each Solenoid)
4. Remove the pump reservoir.
a
b
22547
76622
a - Pump Reservoir
b - Bolt and O-ring
INDEX
Page 5A-26
90-863160 MAY 2000
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Filter Replacement
1. Remove the filters by twisting while pulling upward.
a
76887
a - Filters (2)
2. Install new filters.
b
a
76888
a - Filters (2)
b - 5/8 in. Socket
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5A-27
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
UP Pressure Relief Valve Replacement
NOTE: The UP pressure relief valve in the kit is color coded BLUE for easy identification.
IMPORTANT: A difference exists between the factory installed and the replacement
pressure relief valves. Once the jam nut is loosened on a factory installed relief valve,
the valve is out of adjustment.
IMPORTANT: When installing a replacement pressure relief valve, do NOT loosen or
attempt to remove the hex jam nut. This valve is preset at the factory for proper UP
pressure relief.
a
70872
a - Factory Installed UP Pressure Relief Valve
NOTE: Factory installed pressure relief valves will be a natural steel finish - they will NOT
be color coded.
1. Loosen jam nut on UP pressure relief valve and remove valve.
2. Remove the pump body components and discard.
3. Ensure that the threaded hole is free of dirt.
4. Lubricate the O-ring at the base of the new valve with Power Trim and Steering Fluid
and install valve.
5. Tighten at the base of the new valve. Torque to 70 lb-in. (7.9 Nm).
b
a
a
d
e
f
c
50396
INDEX
Page 5A-28
a
b
c
d
e
f
70872
50396
- Factory Installed UP Pressure Relief Valve
- Replacement UP Pressure Relief Valve
- Jam Nut
- Pump Body Components (Spring, Eyelet And Check Ball)
- Jam Nut
- O-ring
90-863160 MAY 2000
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
DOWN Pressure Relief Valve Replacement
NOTE: The DOWN pressure relief valve in the kit is color coded GREEN for easy identification.
IMPORTANT: A difference exists between the factory installed and the replacement
pressure relief valves. Once the jam nut is loosened on a factory installed relief valve,
the valve is out of adjustment.
IMPORTANT: When installing a replacement pressure relief valve, do NOT loosen or
attempt to remove the hex jam nut. This valve is preset at the factory for proper DOWN
pressure relief.
1. Loosen jam nut on DOWN pressure relief valve and remove valve.
2. Remove the pump body components and discard.
3. Ensure that the threaded hole is free of dirt.
4. Lubricate the O-ring at the base of the new valve with Power Trim and Steering Fluid
and install valve.
5. Tighten at the base of the new valve. Torque to 70 lb-in. (7.9 Nm).
b
a
a
e
d
f
c
50396
a
b
c
d
e
f
70872
50396
- Factory Installed DOWN Pressure Relief Valve
- Replacement DOWN Pressure Relief Valve (GREEN)
- Jam Nut
- Pump Body Components (Spring, Eyelet And Check Ball)
- Jam Nut
- O-ring
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5A-29
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Thermal Relief Valve Replacement
NOTE: The Thermal Relief Valve in the kit is color coded GOLD for easy identification.
IMPORTANT: The thermal relief valve is factory preset. do NOT loosen or attempt to
separate the component parts. Do not use a wrench on the upper gold colored fitting.
Use a wrench on the lower hex-fitting to tighten the relief valve.
1. Remove the thermal relief valve.
2. Remove the pump body components and discard.
3. Ensure that the threaded hole is free of dirt.
4. Lubricate the O-ring at the base of the new valve with Power Trim and Steering Fluid
and install valve.
5. Tighten using the base of the new valve. Torque to 70 lb-in. (7.9 Nm).
b
a
d
c
70836
a
b
c
d
- Original Thermal Relief Valve
- Replacement Thermal Relief Valve (Gold)
- O-ring
- Pump Body Components (Spring, Eyelet, Check Ball)
Pump Replacement
NOTE: The pump cannot be re-built. If the pump is defective, replace it as an assembly.
1. Remove the pump attaching screws with a hex lobular socket or standard 3/16 in.
(5 mm) socket and the pump. Do NOT loosen the pump assembly screws.
a
b
70870
a - Screw
b - Pump Assembly Screws
2. Remove the O-rings from the old pump and install them on the new pump.
INDEX
Page 5A-30
90-863160 MAY 2000
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
3. Lubricate the lip of the adapter seal with light weight oil.
a
b
22545
a - O-rings
b - Adapter Seal
4. Install the pump and torque the pump screws to 70 lb-in. (7.9 Nm) using a hex lobular
socket or standard 3/16 in. (5 mm) socket.
a
70870
a - Screws
Adapter Replacement
1. Remove the pump motor attaching screws and remove the pump motor.
b
a
70599
a - Pump Motor
b - Screws (2)
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5A-31
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
2. Remove and discard the adapter to reservoir O-ring.
b
a
70869
a - Adapter
b - O-ring
3. Remove and discard the motor to adapter O-ring.
4. Ensure that the coupling is installed with the shallow slot is toward the reservoir.
5. Lubricate the coupling with 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon.
b
a
c
70600
a - Adapter
b - O-ring
c - Coupling - (Shallow Slot Toward Reservoir)
INDEX
Page 5A-32
90-863160 MAY 2000
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
6. Align the motor shaft with the coupling and install the motor onto the adapter.
7. Position the motor as shown and secure with screws. Tighten securely.
c
22548
a
c
b
22496
a - Motor Shaft
b - Coupling
c - Screws (Opposite Corners)
Adapter Repair
INTERNAL O-RING and POPPET VALVE REPLACEMENT
1. Remove the hex plug retainers and springs (one on each side).
a
b
70871
a - Hex Plug Retainers (2)
b - Springs (2)
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5A-33
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
2. Remove and discard the poppet valves.
a
76889
a - Poppet Valve
CAUTION
Use care in removing check valve bodies from adapter, so as not to damage poppet
valve seat surface on valve body.
3. Remove the check valve bodies and spool using a 1/4 in. diameter metal rod and plastic
hammer.
c
a
b
76890
a - Check Valve Body
b - Spool
c - Metal Rod
4. Remove and discard the O-rings on the hex plug retainers.
5. Discard the check valve bodies.
INDEX
Page 5A-34
90-863160 MAY 2000
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
6. Clean the hex plug retainers and spool.
b
c
e
e
f
a d
a
b
c
d
e
f
b
c
d
a
70867
- O-rings
- Hex Plug Retainers
- Springs
- Poppet Valves
- Check Valve Bodies
- Spool
7. Lubricate the check valve body O-rings with Power Trim and Steering Fluid or with
10W-30 or 10W-40 motor oil.
CAUTION
DO NOT force check valve bodies into adapter as damage to O-rings may result.
8. Place the spool and check valve bodies into the adapter.
9. Place the poppet valves into the check valve bodies.
b
a
d
c
b
76891
a
b
c
d
76892
- Spool
- Check Valve Body (2)
- Poppet Valve (2)
- Check Valve Body O-ring
10. Lubricate the hex plug retainer O-rings with Quicksilver Power Trim and Steering Fluid
or 10W-30 or 10W-40 motor oil.
11. Place the springs into the hex plug retainers.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5A-35
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
12. Thread the hex plug retainers into the adapter by hand until the retainer contacts the
check valve body.
a
b
c
70871
a - Spring (2)
b - O-ring
c - Hex Plug Retainer (2)
IMPORTANT: Hex plug retainers MUST BE turned into adapter exactly as outlined or
damage to check valve body O-rings may result.
13. Tighten the hex plug retainer securely on each side.
a
a
76893
a - Hex Plug Retainer
INDEX
Page 5A-36
90-863160 MAY 2000
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Pump Shaft Oil Seal Replacement
1. Remove the pump attaching screws with a hex lobular socket or standard 3/16 in.
(5 mm) socket.
2. Remove pump. Do NOT loosen or remove the pump assembly screws.
a
b
70870
a - Screw
b - Pump Assembly Screw
3. Remove the oil seal by prying out with a screwdriver.
a
50371
a - Oil Seal
4. Remove and replace the O-rings on the pump base if they are worn.
5. Install a new seal with the lips toward the pump. The oil seal can be pressed in by hand.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5A-37
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
6. Lubricate the lip of the seal with light weight oil.
c
b
a
22545
a - Oil Seal
b - O-rings
c - Pump
7. Install the pump. Torque the attaching screws to 75 lb-in. (8 Nm) using a hex lobular
socket or standard 3/16 in. (5 mm) socket.
a
70870
a - Screws
8. Install the pump reservoir.
b
a
22547
a - Pump Reservoir
b - Bolt and O-ring
INDEX
Page 5A-38
90-863160 MAY 2000
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Motor Repair
Disassembly
1. Remove the trim motor from the adapter.
a
c
b
70363
a - Trim Motor
b - Adapter
c - Screws
2. Remove the motor to adapter O-ring.
b
a
70600
a - Adapter
b - O-ring
3. Remove the motor end cover and washer from the armature shaft.
a
b
c
22640
22639
a - Cover
b - Screws (4)
c - Washer
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5A-39
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
4. Loosen the brush hold down arms.
a
b
b
a
22648
a - Brush Hold Down Arms
b - Screws
IMPORTANT: Use care in removing brush holders so as not to lose springs.
5. Remove the brush holders and springs.
b
a
22638
a - Brush Holder
b - Spring
6. Remove the thermal switch and brush assembly.
b
a
22637
a - Thermal Switch and Brush
b - Screw
INDEX
Page 5A-40
90-863160 MAY 2000
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
7. Remove the brush assembly mounting bracket.
a
b
a
22636
a - Brush Assembly Bracket
b - Screws
8. Remove the armature and thrust washer from the motor housing.
a
b
c
22499
a - Armature
b - Thrust Washer
c - Motor Housing
9. Remove the field assembly from the motor housing.
a
b
22501
a - Field Assembly
b - Motor Housing
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5A-41
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
10. Remove the motor housing O-ring.
a
b
22645
a - O-ring
b - Motor Housing
Armature Tests
Continuity Test
1. Set the ohmmeter on the Rx1 scale.
2. Place the alligator clip meter lead on the armature shaft.
3. Touch the meter lead probe to each commutator bar one at a time.
a
c
b
22646
a - Ohmmeter – Set on Rx1 Scale
b - Meter Lead
c - Meter Lead
4. Continuity Indicated - Armature grounded (replace armature).
Continuity Not Indicated - Armature not grounded.
INDEX
Page 5A-42
90-863160 MAY 2000
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Test for Shorts
1. Check the armature on a growler (follow the growler manufacturers instructions). Replace the armature if it has a short.
Cleaning Commutator
1. Clean the commutator with “00” garnet grit sandpaper. DO NOT use emery paper.
2. Check the gaps between the commutator bars for material. Remove material if present.
a
b
22647
a - Commutator
b - Gap
Field Tests
Test for Open Circuit
1. Connect the ohmmeter between the field brush lead and the BLUE/WHITE lead.
a
b
22644
a - Ohmmeter Lead - Connected to Brush Lead
b - Ohmmeter Lead - Connected to BLUE/WHITE Lead
2. Zero ohms indicated (full continuity) - Field OK.
Zero ohms not indicated (no continuity) - Replace field assembly.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5A-43
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
3. Connect the ohmmeter between the field brush lead and the GREEN/WHITE lead.
a
b
22642
a - Ohmmeter Lead - Connected to Brush Lead
b - Ohmmeter Lead - Connected to GREEN/WHITE Lead
4. Zero ohms indicated (full continuity) - Field OK.
Zero ohms not indicated (no continuity) - Replace field assembly.
Test for Short in Field
1. Connect the ohmmeter between the field brush lead and the field frame.
a
b
22643
a - Field Frame
b - Field Brush Lead
2. Zero ohms indicated (full continuity) - Short indicated (replace field assembly).
Zero ohms not indicated (no continuity) - Field OK.
INDEX
Page 5A-44
90-863160 MAY 2000
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Thermal Switch Continuity Test
1. Connect the ohmmeter between the spade connector and the brush lead.
a
b
22631
a - Thermal Switch Spade Connector
b - Brush Lead
2. Zero ohms indicated (full continuity) - Proceed to next step.
Zero ohms not indicated (no continuity) - Replace thermal switch.
3. Insert an insulator (piece of paper) between the contact points on the ohmmeter (between spade connector and brush lead).
c
a
b
22649
a - Thermal Switch Spade Connector
b - Brush Lead
c - Insulator (Piece Of Paper)
4. Zero ohms indicated (full continuity) -Replace thermal switch.
Zero ohms not indicated (no continuity) - Thermal switch OK.
5. Remove the insulator from between the contact points on the thermal switch. Clear all
material away from the points.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5A-45
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Brush Replacement
1. Loosen the brush hold down arms.
b
a
a
b
22648
a - Brush Hold Down Arms
b - Screws
IMPORTANT: Use care in removing brush holders. Do NOT lose springs.
2. Remove the brush holders and springs.
b
a
22638
a - Brush Holder
b - Spring
3. Remove the thermal switch and brush assembly.
c
b
a
22637
a - Thermal Switch and Brush
b - Screw
c - Connector
INDEX
Page 5A-46
90-863160 MAY 2000
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
IMPORTANT: When replacing the brush that is connected to the field wires, cut the
brush wire as close to the brush as possible.
4. Cut the brush wire as close to the brush as possible and discard the brush.
b
a
22632
a - Brush Wire
b - Brush
5. Connect the new brush wire to the field wire cut in the previous step. Secure by crimping
both wires together as shown.
a
c
b
22635
a - Brush Wire
b - Field Wire (Old Brush Wire)
c - Crimp Connector
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5A-47
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
6. Reinstall the spring and brush in the brush holder.
b
a
c
22638
a - Brush Holder
b - Spring
c - Brush
7. Position the brush hold down arms and tighten them securely. Do NOT overtighten.
a
b
b
a
22648
a - Brush Hold Down Arms
b - Screws
8. Position the brush wire as shown before reassembly.
a
22634
a - Brush Wire
INDEX
Page 5A-48
90-863160 MAY 2000
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Reassembly
1. Install the motor housing O-ring.
a
b
22645
a - O-ring
b - Motor Housing
IMPORTANT: The field assembly wires must face the front of the motor housing. Use
the notched area in the housing as a reference in determining the front.
a
c
b
22633
a - Motor Housing
b - Front
c - Notched Area
2. Install the field assembly into the motor housing.
a
b
22501
a - Field Assembly
b - Motor Housing
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5A-49
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
3. Install the thrust washer on the armature and install the armature into the motor housing.
a
b
c
22499
a - Armature
b - Thrust Washer
c - Motor Housing
4. Install the brush assembly mounting bracket. Tighten the screws securely.
a
b
a
22636
a - Brush Assembly Mounting Bracket
b - Screws
5. Install the thermal switch and connect the black wire. Do NOT overtighten the screw.
b
a
c
22637
a - Thermal Switch
b - Screw
c - Black Wire Connector
INDEX
Page 5A-50
90-863160 MAY 2000
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
6. Install the springs and brushes in the brush holders.
b
a
c
22638
a - Brush Holders
b - Springs
c - Brushes
7. Position the brush holders and secure them with the brush hold down arms. Do NOT
overtighten the screws.
b
a
a
b
22648
a - Brush Hold Down Arms
b - Screws
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5A-51
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
8. Install the motor end cover. Apply Loctite 271 to the screws and tighten securely. Do
NOT overtighten.
a
b
22639
a - Motor End Cover
b - Screws
9. Install the motor to adapter O-ring.
b
a
70600
a - Adapter
b - O-ring
INDEX
Page 5A-52
90-863160 MAY 2000
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
10. Align the motor shaft with the coupler and install the trim motor on the adapter. Torque
the screws to 25 lb-in. (2.8 Nm).
c
a
22548
e
b
d
22496
a
b
c
d
e
- Trim Motor
- Adapter
- Screws (2 in Opposite Corners)
- Coupler
- Motor Shaft
11. Install the trim pump on the dual mount bracket. Tighten securely.
c
b
a
22548
a - Trim Pump
b - Floor Bracket
c - Screws and Lock Washers
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5A-53
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
12. Connect the trim motor wires to solenoids as shown.
c
a
b
70359
a - Blue/White Motor Wire
b - Green/White Motor Wire
c - Black Ground Wire
CAUTION
Solenoid terminal cover screw is attached to 12 volt positive source. DO NOT
GROUND the screw driver when installing cover.
13. Install the solenoid terminal cover. Tighten the screw securely.
a
b
70360
a - Solenoid Terminal Cover
b - Screw
INDEX
Page 5A-54
90-863160 MAY 2000
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Trim Pump Installation
1. Secure the pump and mounting bracket to the boat using lag bolts and washers.
2. Reconnect the trim hoses to the pump; black hose to the left connection, gray hose to
the right connection. DO NOT cross-thread or overtighten the hose fittings. Torque the
fittings to 110 lb-in. (12 Nm).
3. Reconnect the trim harness connector to the trim pump.
4. Reconnect trim pump leads to power source.
CAUTION
Fill cap is vented. Be sure to remove “Caplug” (fill neck seal) from fill neck on new
replacement pumps. Failure to do this can damage pump, when operated.
5. Check the fluid level and fill if necessary. (Refer to “Maintaining Power Trim Pump Oil
Level” in this section).
b
g
f
c
e
d
a
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
- Positive Battery Lead
- Negative Battery Lead
- Harness Connector
- Black Hydraulic Hose (UP Hose)
- Gray Hydraulic Hose (DOWN Hose)
- Vented Fill Cap
- Dual Mount Trim Pump Bracket
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5A-55
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Trim Pump Wiring Diagrams
Model With Three-Button Trim/Trailer Panel
b
a
e
c
d
a
f
BLK
BLU
BRN
GRY
GRN
ORN
PNK
PUR
RED
TAN
WHT
YEL
LIT
DRK
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
BLACK
BLUE
BROWN
GRAY
GREEN
ORANGE
PINK
PURPLE
RED
TAN
WHITE
YELLOW
LIGHT
DARK
76894
a - 20 Amp Fuse
b - Ground Bolt (Floor Mount)
c - Up Solenoid
d - Down Solenoid
e - 110 Amp Fuse
f - Trim Limit Switch
INDEX
Page 5A-56
90-863160 MAY 2000
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Model With Trim In Handle and Trailer Switch Separate
b
i
a
e
c
f
d
g
h
BLK
BLU
BRN
GRY
GRN
ORN
PNK
PUR
RED
TAN
WHT
YEL
LIT
DRK
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
BLACK
BLUE
BROWN
GRAY
GREEN
ORANGE
PINK
PURPLE
RED
TAN
WHITE
YELLOW
LIGHT
DARK
73962
a - 20 Amp Fuse
b - Ground Bolt (Floor Mount)
c - Up Solenoid
d - Down Solenoid
e - 110 Amp Fuse
f - Trailer Switch
g - Neutral Switch To Instrument Wiring
Harness
h - Trim Limit Switch
i - Trim Buttons
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5A-57
OILDYNE TRIM PUMP
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
THIS PAGE IS INTENTIONALLY BLANK
INDEX
Page 5A-58
90-863160 MAY 2000
TRIM CYLINDERS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
POWER TRIM
Section 5B - Trim Cylinders
Table of Contents
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Torque Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives . . . . .
Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trim Cylinder Exploded Views . . . . . . . . . .
Bravo Trim Cylinders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bravo Trim System Components . . . . .
Power Trim Hydraulic Schematic . . . . . . . .
Special Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bravo Three Notice: Trim-In
Limit Insert . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5B-2
5B-2
5B-2
5B-2
5B-3
5B-3
5B-4
5B-5
5B-6
Trim Cylinder Internal Leak Test . . . . . . . . . 5B-7
Trim Cylinder Shock Piston Test . . . . . . . . . 5B-7
Trim Cylinder Repair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-7
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-7
Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-9
Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-14
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5B-21
5B-6
5
B
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5B-1
TRIM CYLINDERS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Specifications
Torque Specifications
DESCRIPTION
lb-ft
Nm
Piston Rod Bolt
17
23
End Cap
45
61
Anode Screw
lb-in.
30
3.4
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives
NOTE: Prior to reassembly of trim cylinder(s), lubricate all internal parts with Quicksilver
Power Trim and Steering Fluid or (if not available) 10W-30 or 10W-40 motor oil.
DESCRIPTION
Loctite 271
PART NUMBER
92-809820
Quicksilver 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon
Perfect Seal
92-825407A12
92-34227--1
Quicksilver Power Trim and Steering Fluid
92-90100A12
Special Tools
DESCRIPTION
Spanner Nut Wrench
PART NUMBER
91-821709T
Large Pin Set
91-811907
Medium Pin Set
91-811908
Small Pin Set
91-811909
INDEX
Page 5B-2
90-863160 MAY 2000
TRIM CYLINDERS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Trim Cylinder Exploded Views
Bravo Trim Cylinders
NOTE: Prior to reassembly of trim cylinder(s), lubricate all internal parts with Quicksilver
Power Trim and Steering Fluid or (if not available) 10W-30 or 10W-40 motor oil.
3
10
1
2
8
6
20
7
5
17
4
15
16
12
22
1 - Screws
2 - Clamping Plate
3 - Trim Cylinder
4 - O-Ring
5 - Floating Piston
6 - Bolt
7 - Washer
8 - Spring Guide
9 - Spring
10 - Spring Guide Washer
11 - Check Balls
12 - Shock Piston
13 - O-Ring
18
15
26
14
11
19
21
9
13
25
24
23
76676
14 - Trim Limit Insert
15 - Small O-Ring
16 - Continuity Spring
17 - Large O-Ring
18 - End Cap
19 - Rod Scraper
20 - Washer
21 - Retaining Ring
22 - Small O-Ring
23 - Piston Rod
24 - Anode
25 - Star Washer
26 - Screw
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5B-3
TRIM CYLINDERS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Bravo Trim System Components
22
22
1
2
3
7
15
14
26
24 25
21
20
13
5
12
12
23
3
11
10
6
18
8
9
19
18
17
4
16
26
24
1 - IN/DOWN Hose to Trim Pump (Gray)
2 - UP/OUT Hose to Trim Pump (Black)
3 - Hose to Trim Cylinder
4 - Starboard Trim Cylinder
5 - Port Trim Cylinder
6 - Starboard Trim Cylinder Hose
7 - Port Trim Cylinder Hose
8 - Plate
9 - Screw
10 - Front Pin
11 - Washer
12 - Bushing
13 - Washer
25
73554
14 - Nut
15 - Cap
16 - Rear Pin
17 - Washer
18 - Bushing
19 - Washer
20 - Nut
21 - Cap
22 - Connector (Trim Pump)
23 - Retainer
24 - Screw
25 - Continuity Washer
26 - Trim Cylinder Anode
INDEX
Page 5B-4
90-863160 MAY 2000
TRIM CYLINDERS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Power Trim Hydraulic Schematic
9
1
2
4
3
6
5
8
7
5
73552
1
2
3
4
5
- Shuttle
- Pump Adaptor
- UP/OUT Pressure Relief Valve
- Thermal Relief Valve
- Trim Cylinder
6
7
8
9
- IN/DOWN Pressure Relief Valve
- UP/OUT Hose
- IN/DOWN Hose
- Poppet Valves
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5B-5
TRIM CYLINDERS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Special Information
Bravo Three Notice: Trim-In Limit Insert
Some boats, predominantly deep-Vee heavy boats, will roll up on their side under certain
specific operating conditions. The roll can be either to port or starboard and may be experienced while moving straight ahead or while making a turn. The roll occurs most frequently
at or near maximum speed, with the drive unit trimmed at or near full IN. While the boat will
not roll completely over, the roll may be sufficient to unseat the operator or passengers, and
thereby create an unsafe situation.
The roll is caused by stern lift. Stern lift can be created by excessive drive unit trim In. Under
these extreme stern lift/bow down conditions, instability can be created which may cause
the boat to roll. Weight distribution to the stern can reduce stern lift and, in some circumstances, eliminate the condition. Weight distribution in the bow, port or starboard, may worsen the condition.
The Trim-In Limit devices reduce stern lift by preventing the drive unit from reaching the last
few degrees of full trim under. While this device should reduce the rolling tendency, they may
not eliminate the tendency entirely. The need for the Trim-In Limit Insert, and the effectiveness of them, can only be determined through boat testing and is ultimately the responsibility of the boat manufacturer.
WARNING
It is recommended that only qualified personnel adjust the Trim-In Limit Insert. Boat
must be water tested after adjusting the device to ensure that the modified trim IN
range does not cause the boat to exhibit an undesirable boat handling characteristic if the drive unit is trimmed IN at higher speeds. Increased trim IN range may
cause handling problems on some boats which could result in personal injury.
IMPORTANT: On Bravo One, Two and Three Models, the Trim-In Limit Insert , must be
properly positioned before installing the trim cylinder anchor pin in the following
steps.
NOTE: When removing the sterndrive unit, make a note of the position of the insert for reference when reinstalling the drive unit.
1. If equipped, ensure that the Trim-In Limit Insert is positioned as shown for the appropriate Bravo model.
a
a
75157
Bravo One and Two (Positioned Forward)
75158
Bravo Three (Positioned Aft)
a - Trim-In Limit Insert
IMPORTANT: The position of the Trim-In Limit Insert on the Bravo Three sterndrive
unit should only be changed after the boat has been properly tested. Contact the boat
manufacturer if you are not sure of the original position for a particular boat application.
INDEX
Page 5B-6
90-863160 MAY 2000
TRIM CYLINDERS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Trim Cylinder Internal Leak Test
Refer to Power Trim Pump SECTION 5A.
Trim Cylinder Shock Piston Test
Refer to Power Trim Pump SECTION 5A.
Trim Cylinder Repair
Removal
1. Disconnect OUT/UP trim hose from front hole on trim cylinder.
2. Disconnect IN/DOWN trim hose from hydraulic connector on gimbal housing. Plug holes
with suitable plug or (P/N 22-38609). Cap hoses.
d
c
b
a
50389
a
b
c
d
- OUT/UP Hose
- Front Hole On Trim Cylinder
- IN/DOWN Hose
- Hydraulic Connector
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5B-7
TRIM CYLINDERS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
3. Remove front and rear power trim cylinder mounting hardware.
b
a
c
d
e
e
g
f
h
71489
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
- Anchor Pin (1)
- Slots (2)
- Flat Washer (Large I.D.) (2)
- Snap Rings (2)
- Bushings (4)
- Flat Washer (Small I.D.) (2)
- Locknut (2)
- Plastic Cap (2)
c
a
d
e
b
c
f
22029
a
b
c
d
e
f
- Rear Anchor Pin
- Large I.D. Washers (Port and Starboard)
- Bushings (2) (Port and Starboard)
- Small I.D. Washers (Port and Starboard)
- Locknuts (Port and Starboard)
- Plastic Caps (Port and Starboard)
INDEX
Page 5B-8
90-863160 MAY 2000
TRIM CYLINDERS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Disassembly
CAUTION
Ensure work area is clean before disassembling power trim cylinders. Cylinder
parts can be damaged by dirt entering into power trim system.
NOTE: Spanner Wrench Tool Part No. 91-821709.
71233
CAUTION
DO NOT clamp center section of power trim cylinder during assembly or disassembly. Clamp cylinder on front mounting flange.
1. Remove IN/DOWN trim hose from cylinder.
a
b
c
22134
a - IN/DOWN Trim Hose
b - Clamping Plate
c - Screws
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5B-9
TRIM CYLINDERS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
2. Remove trim cylinder anodes.
a
b
d
c
a
b
c
d
76902
- Trim Cylinder
- Trim Cylinder Anode
- Screw (2)
- Washer (2)
3. Remove trim cylinder end caps (Use special tool 91-821709).
71677
4. Remove tilt-limit insert.
a
a
76623
76624
a - Tilt Limit Insert
INDEX
Page 5B-10
90-863160 MAY 2000
TRIM CYLINDERS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
5. Remove piston rod assembly from cylinder.
a
c
b
22133
a - End Cap
b - Cylinder
c - Piston Rod Assembly
6. Remove floating piston from cylinder and remove O-ring by tapping cylinder on block
of wood.
b
c
a
22131
a - Floating Piston
b - Trim Cylinder
c - O-ring
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5B-11
TRIM CYLINDERS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
7. Disassemble shock piston assembly. Ensure that check balls are not lost.
h
f
e
d
c
g
b
a
22132
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
- Bolt
- Flat Washer
- Spring Guide
- Spring
- Spring Guide Washer
- Check Balls (3)
- Shock Piston Assembly
- O-ring
8. Remove and disassemble end cap.
b
f
g h
a
c
d
d e
22133
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
- End Cap
- Piston Rod
- Large O-ring
- Small O-ring (2)
- Continuity Spring
- Rod Scraper
- Plain Washer
- Retaining Ring
INDEX
Page 5B-12
90-863160 MAY 2000
TRIM CYLINDERS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
9. Remove small O-ring from end of piston rod.
b
a
22132
a - Small O-ring
b - Piston Rod
10. Clean all parts in solvent. Be sure all parts are dry before reassembly.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5B-13
TRIM CYLINDERS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Reassembly
CAUTION
Ensure that work area and all components are clean before reassembling trim cylinders. Power Trim components can become damaged if dirt gets into system.
1. Install small O-ring into end of piston rod.
b
a
22132
a - Small O-ring
b - End Of Piston Rod
2. Install small O-rings and continuity spring into end cap.
3. Install rod scraper, plain washer and retaining ring into end cap.
4. Install large O-ring onto outside diameter of end cap.
INDEX
Page 5B-14
90-863160 MAY 2000
TRIM CYLINDERS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
5. Install end cap onto piston rod.
22133
e
f
c d
c
i
g h
e
22132
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
- Small O-rings
- Continuity Spring
- End Cap
- Rod Scraper
- Plain Washer
- Retaining Ring
- Large O-ring
6. Install large O-ring on shock piston.
7. Install check ball, check ball eyelet, spring and spring pin into shock piston.
8. Apply Loctite 271 to threads of bolt being used in the following step.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5B-15
TRIM CYLINDERS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
9. Install shock piston, three check balls, spring guide washer, spring, spring guide, spring
guide washer and bolt onto piston rod. Torque to 17 lb-ft (23 Nm).
22133
b
j
i
g
c
a
l
k
22132
f
e
h
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
b
d
- Large O-ring
- Shock Piston
- Check Ball
- check Ball Eyelet
- Spring
- Spring Pin
- Bolt
- Check Balls
- Spring Guide Washer
- Spring
- Spring Guide
- Spring Guide Washer
NOTE: Before installing floating piston into cylinder, lubricate all internal parts with power
trim and steering fluid or SAE 10W-30 or 10W-40 motor oil.
INDEX
Page 5B-16
90-863160 MAY 2000
TRIM CYLINDERS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
10. Apply oil to parts. Install O-ring onto floating piston and insert floating piston into cylinder.
c
b
a
22132
a - O-ring
b - Floating Piston
c - Cylinder
IMPORTANT: Some boat configurations may require tilt-limit inserts to limit the total
upward travel of the drive unit. Be sure to install the same number of inserts that were
originally removed. There must be an equal number in each cylinder.
11. If required, install tilt-limit inserts.
a
a
71678
71679
a - Tilt Limit Inserts
CAUTION
Ensure work area and all components are clean before reassembling trim cylinders.
Power Trim components can become damaged if dirt gets into system.
NOTE: Before reassembly, lubricate all internal parts with power trim and steering fluid or
SAE 10W-30 or 10W-40 motor oil.
CAUTION
DO NOT clamp center section of trim cylinder during reassembly. If clamping of cylinder is necessary, clamp cylinder on front mounting flange.
CAUTION
Use only 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon on end cap threads. Other substances
may act as an insulator and cause poor electrical continuity between cap and cylinder which could cause a corrosion problem.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5B-17
TRIM CYLINDERS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
12. Apply 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon to end cap threads and install piston rod assembly into cylinder.
a
b
c
22133
a - End Cap
b - Piston Rod
c - Cylinder
13. Using Spanner Wrench Tool, torque end cap 45 lb-ft (61 Nm).
a
71677
a - Spanner Wrench (P/N 91-821709)
INDEX
Page 5B-18
90-863160 MAY 2000
TRIM CYLINDERS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
14. Install trim cylinder anodes.
a
b
d
c
a
b
c
d
76902
- Trim Cylinder
- Trim Cylinder Anode
- Screw (2)
- Washer (2)
15. Position trim cylinder rear connecting ends as shown.
a
b
c
22135
a - Port Trim Cylinder
b - Starboard Trim Cylinder
c - Connecting Ends (Angled as Shown)
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5B-19
TRIM CYLINDERS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
16. Install IN/DOWN trim hose.
a
b
c
22130
a - “Down” Trim Hose
b - Clamping Plate
c - Screws
17. Check painted areas of trim cylinders for scratches that expose metal and paint if necessary.
INDEX
Page 5B-20
90-863160 MAY 2000
TRIM CYLINDERS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Installation
NOTE: Refer to “Special Information” at the front of this section before reinstalling trim cylinders.
1. Install trim cylinder forward mounting hardware as shown.
2. Coat anchor pin threads with 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon (to prevent threads
from galling).
3. Hand thread locknuts onto pin. Do NOT tighten at this time.
b c d e e
f
a
g
h
71489
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
- Anchor Pin (1)
- Slots (2)
- Flat Washer (Large I.D.) (2)
- Snap Rings (2)
- Bushings (4)
- Washers (Small I.D.) (2)
- Locknut (2)
- Plastic Cap (2)
IMPORTANT: On Bravo One, Two, and Three Models, the Trim-In Limit Insert , must
be properly positioned before installing the trim cylinder anchor pin in the following
steps.
NOTE: Ensure that the Trim-In Limit Insert is reinstalled in the same position that is was in
prior to removal of the sterndrive unit. If you are not sure of it’s original position, contact the
boat manufacturer for their recommendation. Refer to Special Information at the front of this
section before reinstalling the Trim-In Limit Insert.
4. Ensure that the Trim-In Limit Insert is positioned as shown for the appropriate Bravo
model.
a
a
75157
Bravo One and Two (Positioned Forward)
75158
Bravo Three (Positioned Aft)
a - Trim-In Limit Insert
IMPORTANT: The position of the Trim-In Limit Insert on the Bravo Three sterndrive
unit should only be changed after the boat has been properly tested. Contact the boat
manufacturer if you are not sure of the original position for a particular boat application.
5. Install trim cylinder aft mounting hardware as shown.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5B-21
TRIM CYLINDERS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
6. Coat anchor pin threads with 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon to prevent threads from
galling.
7. Hand thread locknuts onto anchor pin. Install plastic caps.
a
e
c
c
d
f
b
22029
a
b
c
d
e
f
- Aft Anchor Pin (Shorter)
- Washers (2) - Large I.D.
- Bushings
- Washers (2) - Small I.D.
- Locknuts (2)
- Plastic Caps (2)
CAUTION
All 4 anchor pin locknuts must be tightened as described following or damage to
sterndrive unit may result from drive unit moving too far inward.
8. Tighten 4 anchor pin locknuts until nuts and washers bottom out against anchor pin
shoulder.
9. Reconnect trim hoses after air bleeding power trim cylinders and hoses following procedures outlined in Section 5A.
INDEX
Page 5B-22
90-863160 MAY 2000
DUAL POWER TRIM SYSTEM
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
POWER TRIM
Section 5C - Dual Power Trim System
Table of Contents
Important Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Testing Dual Power Trim System . . . . . . . .
Relay Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diode Module Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trailer Switch Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starboard Trim Switch Test . . . . . . . . . .
Port Trim Switch Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dual Power Trim System Component
Repair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Important Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Relay Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5C-2
5C-2
5C-2
5C-3
5C-4
5C-4
5C-4
5C-5
5C-5
5C-5
Diode Module Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-7
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-7
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-7
Trim Control Panel Switch(es)
Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-8
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-8
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-9
Wiring Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-10
Dual Trim Harnesses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-10
Electrical Box Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5C-11
5
C
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5C-1
DUAL POWER TRIM SYSTEM
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Important Information
When testing this Dual Power Trim system, take special note of the following:
•
The control box harness connectors must be disconnected and the key switch must
be OFF.
•
Make certain that the jumper lead used between terminals 3 and 5 is used only when
specified.
The following tests are listed in order of probable component failure. It is recommended,
however, that all tests be performed even if a faulty component is detected early in the
sequence. This precaution will guard against repeat failure if there is more than one failed
component.
Testing Dual Power Trim System
e
c
a
b
d
22129
Dual Trim Control Panel Electrical Box
a - Relay No. 1
b - Relay No. 2
c - Diode Module
d - Terminal Block
e - Control Panel
Relay Test
TESTING RELAY NO. 1
1. Test for 12 volts at terminal 2, using only terminal 4 as a ground.
•
Voltage indicated, proceed to “2.”
•
No voltage indicated, replace relay.
2. Connect a jumper wire between terminals 3 and 5. Test for 12 volts at terminal 2, using
only terminal 4 as a ground.
INDEX
Page 5C-2
•
No voltage indicated, relay OK.
•
Voltage indicated, replace the relay.
90-863160 MAY 2000
DUAL POWER TRIM SYSTEM
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
TESTING RELAY NO. 2
1. Test for continuity between terminals 13 and 9.
•
Continuity indicated, proceed to “2.”
•
No continuity indicated, replace the relay.
2. Connect a jumper wire between terminals 3 and 5. Test for continuity between terminals
13 and 9.
•
No continuity indicated, relay OK.
•
Continuity indicated, replace relay.
Diode Module Test
Perform the following diode tests using an ohmmeter set on the Rx1 scale. When testing
diodes, take 2 readings. Note the first reading; then, reverse the meter leads and, again,
note the reading.
If the diode is good, the meter should indicate a high or infinite resistance (no meter
movement) when connected one way and a low reading (below 60 ohms) when connected
the other way.
If both readings are high or infinite, the diode is open. Replace the diode module.
1. Diode No. 1
a. Connect a jumper wire between terminals 3 and 5. Test the diode between terminals
9 and 10.
2. Diode No. 2
a. Connect a jumper between terminals 3 and 5. Test diode between terminals 10 and
13.
CAUTION
Before proceeding with further diode testing, remove fuse from red/purple harness
lead so that it will not be possible to short either control box or VOA meter.
3. Diode No. 3
a. Test the diode between terminals 6 and 12.
4. Diode No. 4
a. Test the diode between terminals 12 and 7.
5. Diode No. 5
a. Test the diode between terminals 8 and 11.
6. Diode No. 6
a. Test the diode between terminals 14 and 15.
7. Diode No. 7
a. Test the diode between terminals 8 and 5.
8. Diode No. 8
a. Test the diode between terminals 5 and 15.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5C-3
DUAL POWER TRIM SYSTEM
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Trailer Switch Test
CAUTION
Remove fuse from RED/PURPLE harness lead before proceeding with test.
1. Set the ohmmeter on the Rx1 scale.
2. Push down on the “Trailer” switch and check for continuity between terminals 10 and 3.
•
Continuity indicated, proceed to step 3.
•
No continuity indicated, replace the switch.
3. Push up on the trailer switch and check for continuity between terminals 2 and 12.
•
Continuity indicated, switch OK.
•
No continuity indicated, replace the switch.
Starboard Trim Switch Test
1. Set ohmmeter on Rx1 scale.
2. Push down on STARBOARD TRIM switch and check for continuity between terminals
1 and 9.
•
Continuity indicated, proceed to step 3.
•
No continuity indicated, replace switch.
3. Push up on STARBOARD TRIM switch and check for continuity between terminals 11
and 6.
•
Continuity indicated, switch OK.
•
No continuity indicated, replace switch.
Port Trim Switch Test
1. Set ohmmeter on Rx1 scale.
2. Push down on PORT TRIM switch and check for continuity between terminals 2 and 13.
•
Continuity indicated, proceed to step 3.
•
No continuity indicted, replace switch.
3. Push up on PORT TRIM switch and check for continuity between terminals 14 and 7.
•
Continuity indicated, switch OK.
•
No continuity indicated, replace switch.
INDEX
Page 5C-4
90-863160 MAY 2000
DUAL POWER TRIM SYSTEM
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Dual Power Trim System Component Repair
Important Information
Use care when removing and installing components. Do not force or pull wiring during
replacement. Use care to prevent wiring from stretching, pinching or chafing. Coat all
terminal connections with Quicksilver Liquid Neoprene.
Relay Replacement
REMOVAL
1. Remove control box cover.
a
b
22086
a - Screws
b - Cover
2. Unsolder wires from relay to be replaced.
3. Remove relay.
a
b
22086
a - Relay Assemblies (1 and 2)
b - Fasteners
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5C-5
DUAL POWER TRIM SYSTEM
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
INSTALLATION
1. Install new relay.
IMPORTANT: Use 63/67 (Tin/Lead) alloy solder. DO NOT use acid core solder as
damage to relay can result. Coat terminal connections with Quicksilver Liquid
Neoprene.
2. Resolder wires from terminal block to relay as shown.
3. Coat terminal connections with Quicksilver Liquid Neoprene.
a
b
c
22216
a - Relay No. 1
b - Relay No. 2
c - Terminal Block
4. Install control box cover.
a
b
22086
a - Screws
b - Cover
INDEX
Page 5C-6
90-863160 MAY 2000
DUAL POWER TRIM SYSTEM
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Diode Module Replacement
Removal
1. Remove control box cover.
a
b
22086
a - Screws
b - Cover
2. Disconnect leads from terminal block.
Installation
1. Replace diode module.
c
a
b
22086
a - Diode Module
b - Nut
c - Bolt
2. Reconnect numbered leads to respective terminals.
3. Install control box cover.
a
b
22086
a - Screws
b - Cover
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5C-7
DUAL POWER TRIM SYSTEM
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Trim Control Panel Switch(es) Replacement
Removal
1. Remove trim control panel from dash.
2. Cut leads (from switch to be replaced) as close to switch terminals as possible.
a
c
b
22086
a - No. 10-24 Studs
b - Flat Washers And Nuts
c - U-Bracket
3. Remove bezel nut.
INDEX
Page 5C-8
90-863160 MAY 2000
DUAL POWER TRIM SYSTEM
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Installation
1. Replace switch.
a
b
22086
a - Bezel Nut
b - Switch
2. With new switch properly positioned in control panel, loop leads through their respective
terminal eyelets. Refer to Wiring Diagram.
3. Using 60/40 (tin/lead) alloy rosin core solder, solder leads to terminals.
4. Secure trim control panel to dash.
a
c
b
22086
a - No. 10-24 Studs
b - Flat Washers And Nuts
c - U-Bracket
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5C-9
DUAL POWER TRIM SYSTEM
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Wiring Diagrams
Dual Trim Harnesses
a
b
d
d
c
c
e
e
BLK D Black
BLU D Blue
BRN D Brown
GRY D Gray
GRN D Green
ORN D Orange
PNK D Pink
PUR D Purple
RED D Red
TAN D Tan
WHT D White
YEL D Yellow
LIT D Light
DRK D Dark
g
g
f
f
h
h
i
j
k
l
c
m
n
a - Starboard Trim Pump
b - Port Trim Pump
c - 20 Amp Fuse
d - Ground Bolt (Floor Mount)
e - UP Solenoid
f - DOWN Solenoid
g - 110 Amp Fuse
76903
h - Trim Limit Switch
i - Trim Switch (Various Styles)
j - Control Module
k - Trim Position Sender
l - 12 Volt Power From Battery
m- Ground Wire
n - 12 Volt Power From Switched Side Of
Ignition Switch
INDEX
Page 5C-10
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
DUAL POWER TRIM SYSTEM
Electrical Box Wiring
22129
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5C-11
DUAL POWER TRIM SYSTEM
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
THIS PAGE IS INTENTIONALLY BLANK
INDEX
Page 5C-12
90-863160 MAY 2000
AUTO TRIM II
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
POWER TRIM
1
Section 5D - Auto Trim II
B
Table of Contents
Auto Trim II System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Auto Trim II Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Auto Mode Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
“Manual” Mode Operation . . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical System Overload Protection . . .
5D-2
5D-2
5D-2
5D-3
5D-4
5D-6
Auto Trim Limit Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5D-6
Adjusting Sterndrive Unit Trim Angle . . 5D-7
Control Module Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5D-9
Trim Position Indicator Adjustment . . . . . 5D-10
Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5D-11
5
D
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5D-1
AUTO TRIM II
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Auto Trim II System
Description
The Auto Trim System consists of the following major components:
•
Auto Trim Pump - same pump that is used on the standard power trim models.
•
Control Module - a solid-state electronic device that senses engine rpm and regulates
the time at which the sterndrive unit trims IN and OUT when operating in the AUTO
mode. Module is protected by a 20-amp fuse.
•
Mode Switch - allows the operator to select either AUTO or MANUAL trim operation from
the dash.
•
Manual Trim Control - will only function with mode switch in the MANUAL mode and
ignition switch in the RUN position. Allows the operator to raise and lower the sterndrive
unit for trailering, beaching, launching and shallow water operation. Also, allows the
operator to manually adjust the sterndrive unit trim angle while underway in situations
where automatic trimming is not desired (rough seas, etc.).
•
Trim Limit Switch - Establishes the maximum trim OUT limit in both the MANUAL and
AUTO mode. Prevents sterndrive unit from moving out of the gimbal ring support
flanges, which could cause possible damage to sterndrive if it were to occur at higher
engine speeds.
Auto Trim II Operation
The Auto Trim system is designed to allow either automatic or manual trimming of the boat
while underway - in addition to allowing sterndrive unit to be raised for trailering, beaching,
launching or shallow water operation. A 2-position switch on dashboard allows the operator
to select the mode desired.
22217
INDEX
Page 5D-2
90-863160 MAY 2000
AUTO TRIM II
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Auto Mode Operation
WARNING
Sterndrive unit will automatically lower from the raised position when the ignition
switch is turned to the RUN position and mode switch is placed in the AUTO mode.
BE SURE THAT NO ONE IS IN THE AREA OF THE STERNDRIVE UNIT.
With mode switch in the AUTO mode, the sterndrive unit will move automatically to properly
trim the boat while underway. This allows boat operator to keep both hands on the steering
wheel and to direct operator’s full attention to driving the boat.
•
At engine speeds below 3100 rpm, the sterndrive unit will remain in the full IN position.
This will force the bow of the boat down and help it get up on plane quickly.
•
Once engine reaches 3100 rpm and after a 5-6 second delay (to ensure that boat is up
on plane), the sterndrive unit will automatically trim OUT to a preset position for
maximum boat speed and efficiency. Trim OUT position can be adjusted to fine tune the
trim angle for each individual boat.
•
Upon deceleration, the sterndrive unit will trim IN when engine reaches 2600 rpm. Most
boats will still be up on plane at this point. After sterndrive reaches full IN position, the
trim pump motor will continue to run for approximately 5 seconds.
NOTE: The AUTO mode also can be used to lower the sterndrive unit from the fully raised
(trailering) position. By placing ignition switch in RUN position and mode switch in AUTO
mode, the sterndrive unit will automatically lower to the full IN position. Be sure that no one
is in the area of the sterndrive unit.
3_ to 5_
Boat Running Above Planing Speed
Boat Running Below Planing Speed
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5D-3
AUTO TRIM II
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
“Manual” Mode Operation
Placing the mode switch in the MANUAL position will deactivate the AUTO system and allow
the operator to adjust sterndrive unit position, using the manual trim control. Typical controls
are shown following. Manual trimming may be desirable to fine tune the trim angle for a
particular water condition or boat load, or in situations where greater control over the trim
operation is needed.
Manual trim control also must be used to raise the sterndrive unit for trailering, beaching,
launching and shallow water operation. Ignition switch must be in the RUN position for
manual trim control to function.
RAISING STERNDRIVE UNIT TO TRAILER POSITION
1. Press the trailer button until sterndrive unit reaches desired height or end of
upward travel.
a
22174
a - Trailer Button
NOTE: Some power trim pump motors are protected from overheating by an internal circuit
breaker. If trailering switch(es) are held depressed after sterndrive unit reaches end of
upward travel, internal circuit breaker will open and pump will stop. If this should happen,
release switch(es) and allow motor to cool for approximately 2 minutes. Once motor is cool,
circuit breaker will reset automatically, and trim operation may be resumed.
CAUTION
DO NOT run engine above idle rpm with unit raised for shallow water operation, as
sterndrive unit is out beyond gimbal ring support flanges and has no side support.
USE EXTREME CAUTION WHEN OPERATING BOAT WITH STERNDRIVE UNIT
RAISED.
INDEX
Page 5D-4
90-863160 MAY 2000
AUTO TRIM II
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
TRIMMING STERNDRIVE UNIT OUT (BOW UP)
1. Press UP/OUT Button until sterndrive unit moves to properly trim boat or trim limit switch
stops outward travel.
a
22174
a - UP/OUT Button
CAUTION
NEVER trim the sterndrive unit OUT using the “Trailer” switch(es) while boat is underway. Severe damage to sterndrive unit may result if the unit is raised beyond the
gimbal ring support flanges at engine speeds above idle RPM.
TRIMMING STERNDRIVE UNIT IN (BOW DOWN)
1. Press IN/DOWN Button until sterndrive unit moves to properly trim boat or until
sterndrive unit reaches end of downward travel.
a
70023
a - IN/DOWN Button
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5D-5
AUTO TRIM II
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Electrical System Overload Protection
The Auto Trim electrical system is protected from overload by a 110-amp fuse, and a 20-amp
in-line fuse at control module positive (+) battery lead and a 20-amp in-line fuse at ignition
switch (if Quicksilver ignition switch is used). If boat is equipped with 3-Button Control Panel,
a 20-amp in-line fuse also is located at panel. If Auto Trim electrical system becomes
inoperative, check for a blown fuse. If fuse has blown, the cause for overload MUST BE
found and corrected BEFORE replacing fuse.
Auto Trim Limit Adjustment
In most cases, best all-around performance is obtained with sterndrive unit adjusted so that
front of hull will be slightly out of water when boat is on plane.
Boat Properly Trimmed
Adjusting the sterndrive unit OUT from this position will tend to raise the bow of the boat,
reducing the wetted surface of the hull and, in some cases, increasing boat speed. If
trimmed out excessively, bouncing, porpoising, propeller ventilation and possible difficult
steering control could result.
Bow Too High - Move Sterndrive Unit IN
Adjusting the sterndrive unit IN from normal position will force the bow of the boat down,
increasing the wetted surface of the hull and, in some cases, improving boat ride in rough
water (at partial throttle). However, this will reduce boat speed.
Bow Too Low - Move Sterndrive Unit OUT
INDEX
Page 5D-6
90-863160 MAY 2000
AUTO TRIM II
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Adjusting Sterndrive Unit Trim Angle
WARNING
When adjusting trim limit use extreme care that engine is not accidentally started
and keep clear of area near propeller. Also, use care to prevent placing hands in an
area where they could be injured by sterndrive unit movement.
CAUTION
Trim limit switch MUST BE adjusted exactly as stated following. If switch is adjusted
incorrectly, sterndrive unit may move out beyond the gimbal ring support flanges
and severe damage to sterndrive unit may result.
If more trim OUT capability is desired, perform the following.
DRY DOCK PROCEDURE
1. Place sterndrive unit in the full IN/DOWN position.
2. Loosen trim limit switch retaining screws.
3. Turn trim limit switch clockwise to end of adjusting slots.
b
a
b
71221
Trim Limit Switch
a - Retaining Screws
b - Adjusting Slots
4. Place auto trim mode switch in the MANUAL mode.
5. Turn ignition key to the RUN position.
a
76848
Auto Trim Mode Switch
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5D-7
AUTO TRIM II
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
6. With the assistance of another person actuate manual trim control switch used to trim
sterndrive unit OUT (DO NOT use “Trailer” switch) and turn trim limit switch SLOWLY
counterclockwise until trim cylinders extend to dimension shown. Retighten trim limit
switch retaining screws.
a
50464
a - Trim Limit Dimension 21-3/4 in. (552 mm)
7. Turn ignition key OFF.
ON-WATER PROCEDURE
1. Run boat along a relatively smooth stretch of water and trim boat with manual trim
control until optimum boat performance is achieved.
2. After finding trim angle that provides best performance, stop engine (without changing
sterndrive unit trim angle). Accurately measure distance between trim cylinder end cap
and pivot end.
3. Place sterndrive unit in the full IN position.
4. Loosen trim limit switch retaining screws.
5. Turn trim limit switch clockwise to end of adjusting slots.
b
a
b
71221
Trim Limit Switch
a - Retaining Screws
b - Adjusting Slots
6. Leaving auto trim mode switch in the MANUAL mode, turn ignition key to RUN position.
7. With the assistance of another person, actuate manual trim control switch used to trim
sterndrive unit OUT and turn trim limit switch SLOWLY counterclockwise until trim cylinders extend to dimension recorded in STEP 2. Tighten switch retaining screws securely.
8. Run boat with auto trim mode switch in AUTO position at several speeds, through turns
under various water and load conditions, if boat does not perform to satisfaction, repeat
adjusting procedure.
WARNING
Difficulties in handling and operational control may result if sterndrive unit is
adjusted OUT too far. If difficulties are encountered, sterndrive unit trim angle
MUST BE moved IN the amount necessary to eliminate the problem and avoid a
possible safety hazard.
INDEX
Page 5D-8
90-863160 MAY 2000
AUTO TRIM II
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Control Module Adjustment
1. Completely turn adjustment knob on control module COUNTERCLOCKWISE.
2. Turn knob back CLOCKWISE four clicks.
3. With auto trim mode switch in AUTO position and the sterndrive unit trimmed full
IN/DOWN, accelerate boat slowly while watching trim gauge.
4. If boat is on plane well before sterndrive unit begins to trim out (this may happen with
lighter, faster boats), rotate adjustment knob COUNTERCLOCKWISE one click and
accelerate boat slowly.
Continue procedure until boat is on plane approximately five or six seconds before trim out
occurs.
5. If boat is not on plane before sterndrive unit begins to trim out (this may happen with
slower, heavier boats), rotate adjustment knob clockwise one click and accelerate boat
slowly.
a
22178
Control Module
a - Adjustment Knob
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5D-9
AUTO TRIM II
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Trim Position Indicator Adjustment
With ignition key in the RUN position, check Auto Trim indicator to make sure that needle
points to bottom of the scale when sterndrive unit is IN/Down. If needle is not at bottom of
scale, perform following steps:
22175
Trim Position Indicator
WARNING
While performing this adjustment, use extreme care that engine is not accidentally
started; keep clear of the area near propeller.
1. Turn ignition key to RUN position.
2. Loosen trim position sender retaining screws.
3. Rotate sender to position indicator needle at bottom of the scale.
4. Retighten retaining screws securely.
5. Recheck trim position indicator reading and turn ignition key to OFF position.
b
a
71220
Trim Sender Switch
a - Retaining Screws
b - Adjustment
INDEX
Page 5D-10
90-863160 MAY 2000
AUTO TRIM II
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Wiring Diagram
BLK
BLU
BRN
GRY
GRN
ORN
PNK
PUR
RED
TAN
WHT
YEL
LIT
DRK
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
BLACK
BLUE
BROWN
GRAY
GREEN
ORANGE
PINK
PURPLE
RED
TAN
WHITE
YELLOW
LIGHT
DARK
b
a
c
d
e
a
j
i
h
a
f
g
70023
a - 20 Amp Fuse
b - Ground Bolt (Floor Mount)
c - UP Solenoid
d - 110 Amp Fuse
e - DOWN Solenoid
f - Trim Limit Switch
g - Ignition Coil
h - Control Module
i - Auto/Manual Switch
j - Trim Switches (Various Styles)
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 5D-11
AUTO TRIM II
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
THIS PAGE IS INTENTIONALLY BLANK
INDEX
Page 5D-12
90-863160 MAY 2000
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
STEERING SYSTEMS
Section 6A - Power Steering
Table of Contents
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-2
Torque Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-2
Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-2
Lubricants/Sealants/Adhesives . . . . . . . 6A-2
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-3
Control Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-3
Power Steering System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-4
RIGHT TURN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-4
Power Steering System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-5
LEFT TURN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-5
Power Steering System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-6
NEUTRAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-6
Steering Helm and Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-7
Steering Cable Specifications . . . . . . . . 6A-8
Filling and Air Bleeding Power
Steering System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-9
Checking Fluid Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-9
Engine Warm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-9
Engine Cold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-9
Filling and Bleeding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6A-10
Power Steering Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Steering System Pressure Test
Pump Pressure Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Steering Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Flow Control Valve Servicing . . . . . . . .
Pump Shaft Oil Seal Replacement . . .
Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning And Inspection . . . . . . . . . . .
Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Multiple Sterndrive Steering
Tie Bar Arrangements . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Determining Tie Bar Length . . . . . . . . .
Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6A-11
6A-11
6A-12
6A-15
6A-17
6A-19
6A-19
6A-20
6A-21
6A-23
6A-26
6A-26
6A-32
6A-33
6A-34
6A-35
6A-35
A
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
6
Page 6A-1
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Specifications
Torque Specifications
NOTE: Securely tighten all fasteners not listed below.
FASTENER LOCATION
lb-in.
lb-ft
Nm
Steering Cable Coupler Nut
35
48
Steering System Pivot Bolts
25
34
Power Steering Hydraulic Hose Fittings
23
31
35
47
50
68
Power Steering Pump Housing Studs
Pump Flow Control Valve Fitting
Tie Bar Locknut
Special Tools
DESCRIPTION
PART NO.
Power Steering Test Gauge
91-38053A4
Power Steering Pump Pulley Installer
91-93656A1
KENT-MOORE SPECIAL TOOLS
Can be ordered from:
Kent-Moore Tools, Inc.
29784 Little Mack
Roseville, MI 48066
Phone: (313) 774-9500
Power Steering Pump Pulley Remover
Kent-Moore Part No. J-25034
Lubricants/Sealants/Adhesives
DESCRIPTION
2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon
Special Lubricant 101
PART NO.
92-825407A12
92-13872A1
Loctite No. 271
92-809820
Loctite No. 277
Obtain Locally
Quicksilver Power Trim And Steering Fluid
92-802880A1
INDEX
Page 6A-2
90-863160 MAY 2000
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
POWER STEERING
Description
The Power Steering system utilizes an engine-driven, vane-type hydraulic pump that supplies fluid flow and pressure by means of hoses to a control valve that, in turn, controls fluid
flow and pressure to-and-from a booster cylinder. Three modes make up the basic function
of the Power Steering system: 1) neutral mode, 2) left turn mode, and 3) right turn mode.
The control valve, which is activated by the steering cable, controls the steering system
modes.
NOTE: The following Power Steering unit installations are viewed from inside boat, looking
at transom.
Control Valve
The control valve is not serviceable and must be replaced as a complete assembly.
73898
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 6A-3
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Power Steering System
RIGHT TURN
PISTON
CONTROL VALVE
PUMP
OIL COOLER
RELIEF VALVE
PUMP HOUSING
HIGH PRESSURE
1150-1250 PSI
LOW PRESSURE
70-125 PSI
75238
(VIEWING FROM INSIDE OF BOAT LOOKING AT TRANSOM)
INDEX
Page 6A-4
90-863160 MAY 2000
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Power Steering System
LEFT TURN
PISTON
CONTROL VALVE
PUMP
OIL COOLER
RELIEF VALVE
PUMP HOUSING
HIGH PRESSURE
1150-1250 PSI
LOW PRESSURE
70-125 PSI
75239
(VIEWING FROM INSIDE OF BOAT LOOKING AT TRANSOM)
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 6A-5
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Power Steering System
NEUTRAL
PISTON
CONTROL VALVE
PUMP
OIL COOLER
RELIEF VALVE
PUMP HOUSING
HIGH PRESSURE
1150-1250 PSI
LOW PRESSURE
70-125 PSI
75237
(VIEWING FROM INSIDE OF BOAT LOOKING AT TRANSOM)
INDEX
Page 6A-6
90-863160 MAY 2000
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Steering Helm and Cable
The power steering unit is shipped preset for cables with end dimensions that comply with
ABYC standards as outlined in the NMMA certification handbook. The steering cable coupler nut must also have a means of locking it to the guide tube, as specified in ABYC requirements.
WARNING
Failure to use a steering cable locking device could cause loss of steering, which
could cause damage to the boat and/or injury.
All current production Quicksilver Ride Guide steering cables have a self-locking coupler
nut and do not require an external locking device. (Other cable manufacturers also make
cables with self-locking coupler nut.)
a
22060
a - Quicksilver Ride Guide Steering Cable Self-Locking Coupler Nut (Identified by
Groove)
IMPORTANT: If using a steering cable that does not have a self-locking coupler nut,
an external locking device must be used.
c
e
b
a
d
f
Locking Sleeve
a - Steering Cable
b - Grease Fitting
c - Cotter Pin
d - Locking Sleeve (If Required - Must Be Ordered Separately)
e - Cable Coupler Nut
f - Cable Guide Tube
Steering system has the steering cable guide tube set for cables with end dimensions which
comply with the BIA Certification Handbook. Refer to “Steering Cable Specifications” listed
previously in this section.
CAUTION
Steering cables MUST BE THE CORRECT LENGTH, particularly when installed in
large boats. Sharp bends or too-short cables result in kinks; too-long cables require
unnecessary bends and/or loops. Both place an extra stress on the cable. The proper cable is as short as possible, with the fewest bends and with radii as large as possible.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 6A-7
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
CAUTION
POWER STEERING EQUIPPED UNITS ONLY - If cables with improper dimensions
are installed, severe damage to transom assembly and/or steering system may result.
1. Steering cable must be the correct length, particularly when installed in larger boats.
2. Avoid sharp bends, kinks or loops in cable.
3. Power Steering Models: Fully extended steering cable end dimension must be correct.
Steering Cable Specifications
c
a
b
e
d
g
f
j
k
h
l
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
C
L
i
21435
- Coupler Nut - 7/8 - 14 UNF - 2B Thread
- 11-3/4 in. (298 mm) Min.
- Interface Point
- 1/2 in. (12.7 mm) Max.
- 27/64 in. (10.7 mm) Min. Flat
- 7/64 in. (3.1 mm) Min. Radius
- 5/8 in. (15.9 mm) Max. Diameter End Fitting
- 3/8 in. (9.5 mm)
- 3/8 in. (9.8 mm) Diameter Thru Hole, Chamfered Each Side
- 1-3/8 in. (34.9 mm) Max.
- 5/8 in. (15.9 mm) Diameter Tube
- Cable Travel:
-Mid-Travel Position - 16-7/8 in. (428.6 mm).
-Total Travel To Be 8 in. (203.2 mm) Min., to 9 in. (228.6 mm) Max.
-Travel Each Side of Mid-Travel Position - 4 in. (101.6 mm) Min., 4-1/2 in.
(114.3 mm) Max.
b
a
c
a - Steering Cable Mounting Flange
b - Center of Hole in Steering Cable End
c - 21-3/8 in. (543 mm) Maximum
INDEX
Page 6A-8
90-863160 MAY 2000
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Filling and Air Bleeding Power Steering System
Checking Fluid Level
Engine Warm
1. Stop engine. Position drive unit so that it is straight back.
2. Remove fill cap / dipstick from power steering pump and note fluid level.
a
b
74908
a - Fill Cap / Dipstick
b - Power Steering Pump
3. Level should be between the FULL HOT mark and ADD mark on dipstick.
a
72518
a - Proper Fluid Level with Engine Warm
4. If level is below ADD mark, but fluid is still visible in pump reservoir, add required amount
of Quicksilver Power Trim and Steering Fluid or automatic transmission fluid (ATF) Dexron III through fill cap opening, to bring level up to FULL HOT mark on dipstick. DO NOT
OVERFILL.
5. If fluid is not visible in reservoir, a leak exists in the power steering system. Find cause
and correct.
Engine Cold
1. With engine stopped, position drive unit so that it is straight back.
2. Remove fill cap / dipstick from power steering pump and note fluid level.
3. Level should be between FULL COLD mark and bottom of dipstick.
a
72519
a - Proper Fluid Level with Engine Cold
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 6A-9
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
4. If level is below bottom of dipstick, but fluid is still visible in pump reservoir, add required
amount of Quicksilver Power Trim and Steering Fluid or automatic Dexron III transmission fluid (ATF), through fill cap opening, to bring level up to FULL COLD mark on dipstick. DO NOT OVERFILL.
If fluid is not visible in reservoir, a leak exists in the power steering system. Find cause and
correct.
Filling and Bleeding
IMPORTANT: Power steering system must be filled exactly as explained in the following to be sure that all air is bled from the system. All air must be removed, or fluid in
pump may foam during operation and be discharged from pump reservoir. Foamy
fluid also may cause power steering system to become spongy, which may result in
poor boat control.
1. With engine stopped, position drive unit so that it is straight back.
2. Remove fill cap / dipstick from power steering pump.
3. Add Quicksilver Power Trim and Steering Fluid or Dexron III automatic transmission
fluid (ATF), as required, to bring level up to FULL COLD mark on dipstick.
IMPORTANT: Use only Quicksilver Power Trim and Steering Fluid or Dexron III automatic transmission fluid (ATF), in power steering system.
4. Turn steering wheel back and forth to end of travel in each direction several times.
5. Recheck fluid level and add fluid, if necessary.
6. Install vented fill cap. Tighten securely.
CAUTION
DO NOT operate engine without water being supplied to seawater pickup pump, or
pump impeller may be damaged and subsequent overheating damage to engine
may result.
7. Start engine and run at fast idle (1000-1500 rpm) until engine reaches normal operating
temperature. During this time, turn steering wheel back and forth to end of travel in each
direction several times.
8. Position drive unit so that it is straight back and stop engine.
9. Remove fill cap from pump.
10. Allow any foam in pump reservoir to disperse.
11. Check fluid level and add fluid, as required, to bring level up to FULL HOT mark on dipstick. DO NOT OVERFILL.
12. Reinstall fill cap. Tighten securely.
IMPORTANT: Drive unit must be positioned straight back and power steering fluid
must be hot to accurately check fluid level.
13. If fluid is still foamy (in Step 5.), repeat Steps 7. through 12. until fluid does not foam and
level remains constant.
INDEX
Page 6A-10
90-863160 MAY 2000
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Power Steering Assembly
Removal
1. Remove rear clevis pin from steering lever.
2. Remove forward clevis pin from steering cable.
3. Using suitable wrenches hold the flat surfaces on the cable guide tube in the vertical
position then loosen the coupler nut and remove the steering cable.
4. Remove and plug the power steering hoses.
5. Straighten locking tabs on pivot bolt washers.
6. Remove the pivot bolts.
7. Power steering unit can now be removed from transom.
b
a
h
c
f
e
i
d
j
g
71901
73901
Control Valve
a - Clevis
b - Rear Clevis Pin
c - Forward Clevis Pin
d - Steering Cable End
e - Cable Guide
f - Pivot Bolt
g - Coupler Nut
h - Cotter Pins
i - Flat Surface On Tube
j - Suitable Wrench
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 6A-11
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Installation
WARNING
Steering cable outer casing MUST BE free to move back-and-forth for steering to
function properly. DO NOT fasten any wires, cables or other items to steering cable,
as this may prevent it from moving.
1. Lubricate bushings with Special Lubricant 101.
a
71901
a - Special Lubricant 101
2. Slide the power steering cylinder bushings between the transom mounting brackets.
Tighten the two pivot bolts by hand. Move the steering assembly slightly to ensure proper pin engagement into the pivot bushings.
3. Ensure that the washer tangs straddle the ridges on the inner transom plate.
a
b
b
c
a
22033
a - Pivot Bolt
b - Washer Tang
c - Washer Tab
4. Torque the pivot bolts to 25 lb-ft (34 Nm).
5. Bend the washer tabs against the corresponding flats on both pivot bolt heads.
6. Ensure the power steering control valve pivots freely.
INDEX
Page 6A-12
90-863160 MAY 2000
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
7. Connect the power steering unit to the steering lever.
a. Lubricate the clevis pins with Special Lubricant 101.
b. Install the clevis pin in the clevis from the top.
c. Secure the pin in the clevis with a cotter pin. Spread the cotter pin ends.
8. Lubricate the steering cable end with a liberal amount of Special Lubricant 101 and
install the cable through the guide.
9. Start the coupler nut on the cable guide tube. Do not tighten at this time.
10. Connect the cable end to the clevis with the forward clevis pin. Spread the cotter pin
ends.
b
a
h
c
f
e
g
d
71901
Control Valve
a - Clevis
b - Rear Clevis Pin
c - Forward Clevis Pin
d - Steering Cable End
e - Cable Guide
f - Pivot Bolt
g - Coupler Nut
h - Cotter Pins
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 6A-13
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
11. Using a suitable wrench hold the flat surfaces on the cable guide tube in the vertical position. Torque coupler nut to 35 lb-ft (47 Nm). Be certain the flat surfaces are still
aligned vertically after torque is applied to coupler nut.
a
b
73901
a - Flat
b - Suitable Wrench
12. Install power steering hoses to power steering assembly.
a. Torque both fittings to 23 lb-ft (31 Nm). Route hoses as described in section 2A to
avoid contact with the steering system components.
INDEX
Page 6A-14
90-863160 MAY 2000
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Power Steering System Pressure Test
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
The following instructions are arranged so that a defective part can be detected by the process of elimination. It is suggested that the order of the instructions be followed so that the
Power Steering System can be tested effectively.
1. Remove front and rear clevis pins.
2. Retract cable into cable guide tube.
b
a
f
c
e
d
71901
a
b
c
d
e
f
- Clevis
- Rear Clevis Pin
- Forward Clevis Pin
- Steering Cable End
- Cable Guide Tube
- Cotter Pins
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 6A-15
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
3. Assemble and install test gauge.
b
a
c
d
a
b
c
d
- Pump Pressure Hose
- Test Gauge Assembly
- Gauge To Control Valve Hose
- Control Valve
4. Open valve on gauge completely.
CAUTION
DO NOT operate engine without cooling water being supplied to water pickup holes
in gear housing, or overheating damage to engine may result.
5. Connect a flush test device to drive unit. Partially open water tap (approximately 1/2
max.) and allow cooling system to fill completely. Cooling system is full when water is
discharged through the propeller. DO NOT use full water tap pressure.
22029
Standard Bravo Shown
6. Start engine and run at 1000-1500 RPM until engine reaches normal operating temperature.
7. With engine at idle speed, test gauge reading should be between 70 and 125 psi (483
and 862 kPa). If not, proceed as follows:
If lower than 70 psi (483 kPa), proceed to “Pump Pressure Test,” see “Index.”
If higher than 125 psi (862 kPa), check for hose restrictions in the system.
INDEX
Page 6A-16
90-863160 MAY 2000
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
CAUTION
DO NOT lug pump at maximum pressure for more than 5 seconds, in next step, or
damage to Power Steering pump may occur.
8. Push in then pull steering cable momentarily. Gauge reading should show an instant
increase in pressure when block is pushed in both directions.
9. Push steering cable in, until booster cylinder piston rod is fully retracted. With piston rod
in this position, momentarily push steering cable in until maximum pressure reading
is obtained.
•
If pressure is above 1000 psi (6897 kPa), system pressure is good.
•
If pressure is below 1000 psi (6897 kPa), conduct “Pump Pressure Test,” see “Index.”
Pump Pressure Test
CAUTION
In performing the following test, DO NOT lug pump at maximum pressure for more
than 5 seconds or damage to Power Steering pump may occur.
1. Install test gauge.
b
a
c
d
a
b
c
d
- Pump Pressure Hose
- Test Gauge Assembly
- Gauge To Control Valve Hose
- Control Valve
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 6A-17
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
CAUTION
DO NOT operate engine without cooling water being supplied to water pickup holes
in gear housing, or overheating damage to engine may result.
2. Connect a flush test device to drive unit. Partially open water tap (approximately 1/2
max.) and allow water to enter cooling system. DO NOT use full water tap pressure.
22029
Standard Bravo Shown
3. Start engine and run at 1000-1500 RPM until engine reaches normal operating temperature.
4. Close test gauge valve just long enough to obtain maximum pressure reading.
5. Close and open valve 3 times. Record highest pressure reading attained each time.
a. If pressure readings are between 1150 and 1250 psi (7932-8621 kPa) and are
within a range of 50 psi (345 kPa), the pump is within specifications. If the pump
tests OK, but system pressure was low (as tested under “Power Steering System
Pressure Test,” see “Index”), proceed to “Booster Cylinder Test,” see “Index.”
b. If pressure readings are between 1150-1250 psi (7932-8621 kPa), but are not
within a 50 psi (345 kPa) range, the Power Steering pump flow control valve is
sticking or pump hydraulic system is dirty.
c. If pressure readings are constant, but below 1000 psi (6897 kPa), replace Power
Steering pump.
INDEX
Page 6A-18
90-863160 MAY 2000
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Power Steering Pump
Removal
1. Loosen the adjusting stud and remove the serpentine belt from the power steering
pulley.
a
75483
a - Adjusting Nut
NOTE: Use a suitable container catch ant power steering fluid when removing the power
steering hoses.
2. Remove the high pressure hose and return hose from the power steering pump.
b
a
75228
Power Steering Pump Typical Location
a - Return Hose
b - High Pressure Hose
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 6A-19
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
3. Remove mounting fasteners from pump.
a
a
b
75798
75228
Power Steering Pump Typical Location
a - Nut
b - Bolts
4. Remove the power steering pump from the bracket.
Flow Control Valve Servicing
1. Drain fluid from pump.
2. Remove components shown.
a
d
b
c
d
76869
a
b
c
d
- Fitting Assembly
- Control Valve Assembly
- Flow Control Spring
- O-rings
3. Inspect control valve assembly and fitting assembly for contamination and damage.
INDEX
Page 6A-20
90-863160 MAY 2000
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
4. Install components shown. Torque fitting to 35 lb-ft (47 Nm).
a
d
b
c
d
76869
a
b
c
d
- Fitting Assembly
- Control Valve Assembly
- Flow Control Spring
- New O-rings
Pump Shaft Oil Seal Replacement
1. Remove pump pulley.
a
76895
a - Kent Moore Pulley Removal Tool (J-25034)
2. Push a .005 in. (0.13 mm) shim stock past oil seal until it bottoms in pump body (approximately 2-1/2 in. [64 mm] long).
a
b
76830
a - Oil Seal
b - Shim Stock
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 6A-21
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
3. Remove oil seal. Remove shim stock.
a
b
22152
a - Seal
b - Suitable Tool
4. Install new oil seal. Properly support pump reservoir so that reservoir back does not distort.
a
b
c
22151
a - New Oil Seal - Metal Side Up
b - Suitable Mandrel
c - Pump Reservoir
5. Install pulley, as follows, using Pulley Pusher Assembly 91-93656A1, and a long straight
edge:
a. Place pulley on pump shaft.
b. Thread stud ALL-THE-WAY into pump shaft. Place bearing over stud. DO NOT use
spacer from kit.
c. Thread nut onto shaft. Thread shaft (and nut) ALL-THE-WAY onto stud.
d. Using a long straight edge (to check drive belt alignment), turn large pusher nut until
drive belt is parallel to straight edge.
INDEX
Page 6A-22
90-863160 MAY 2000
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
e. Check pulley installation for correct alignment.
a
b
i
c d
e
f
g
h
76896
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
- Power Steering Pump Pulley
- Stud
- Do NOT Use Spacer
- Bearing
- Nut
- Shaft
- Crankshaft Pulley (Shown) or Water Circulating Pump Pulley
- Long Straight Edge
- Drive Belt Parallel
Disassembly
1. Drain fluid from pump.
2. Remove pump pulley.
a
72821
a - Kent Moore Pulley Removal Tool (J-25034)
3. Remove reservoir, fitting assembly, control valve assembly, flow control spring, studs,
and 0-rings.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 6A-23
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
4. Discard o-rings and retain the other parts.
d
f
f
f
a
a
b
c
d
e
f
b
c
e
f
f
22155
- Fitting Assembly
- Control Valve Assembly
- Flow Control Spring
- Studs
- Reservoir
- O-rings
5. Position retaining ring so that ring end is 1 in. (25 mm) from end of hole in housing.
6. Support housing in press and push down on end plate to remove tension on retaining
ring
7. Insert awl into hole in housing to push ring from recess.
8. Use a screwdriver to remove retaining ring and end plate.
c
a
b
22151
22152
a - Retaining Ring
b - Hole
c - End Plate
INDEX
Page 6A-24
90-863160 MAY 2000
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
9. Remove pump components shown.
a
b
c
d
e
f
f
22155
a
b
c
d
e
f
- Spring
- Pressure Plate
- Pump Ring
- Pump Vanes
- Pump Shaft and Rotor Assembly
- Dowel Pins
10. Remove and discard O-rings from housing.
a
22155
a - O-rings
11. Remove retaining ring, rotor and thrust plate.
a
a
b
c
d
b
c
d
22155
- Retaining Ring
- Rotor
- Thrust Plate
- Pump Shaft
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 6A-25
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
12. Remove magnet.
a
22154
a - Magnet
Cleaning And Inspection
1. Clean and inspect all metal parts.
Reassembly
NOTE: All references to Power Steering fluid refer to Quicksilver Power Trim and Steering
Fluid, or Dexron II if Quicksilver product is not available.
NOTE: Obtain and install a new seal kit 5688044 from a local GM automotive dealer when
reassembling pump.
1. Install new pump shaft oil seal metal side up. Support the pump reservoir so that the
back does not distort.
a
b
c
22151
a - New Oil Seal
b - 1 in. Socket
c - Pump Reservoir
2. Lubricate pressure plate O-ring with power steering fluid and place in the third groove
in the housing.
INDEX
Page 6A-26
90-863160 MAY 2000
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
3. Install dowel pins.
a
c
b
22150
a - Pressure Plate O-ring
b - Dowel Pins
4. Assemble pump shaft and rotor assembly. Rotor should be installed with the countersunk side toward the thrust plate.
d
a
b
c
d
c
a
b
22155
- Pump Shaft
- Thrust Plate
- Rotor
- Retaining Ring
5. Install pump shaft and rotor assembly.
b
a
22154
a - Pump Shaft and Rotor Assembly
b - Pump Housing
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 6A-27
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
6. Install pump ring by placing the 2 smaller holes over the dowel pins.
a
22154
a - Pump Ring
7. Install vanes in rotor slots with rounded edges toward pump ring. Vanes must slide freely.
a
22154
a - Vanes
8. Install pressure plate. Ensure spring groove faces up.
b
a
22154
a - Pressure Plate
b - Spring Groove
INDEX
Page 6A-28
90-863160 MAY 2000
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
9. Lubricate end plate O-ring with power steering fluid and place in second groove in housing.
a
22150
a - End Plate O-ring
10. Install pressure plate spring, end plate and retaining ring. Use care not to damage end
plate and O-ring.
b
d
a
c
22151
a
b
c
d
22152
- Pressure Plate Spring
- End Plate
- Retaining Ring
- Arbor Press
11. Lubricate reservoir O-rings with power steering fluid and install in groove in pump housing.
a
a
22153
a - Reservoir O-rings
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 6A-29
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
12. Place magnet on housing.
a
22153
a - Magnet
13. Secure reservoir to pump housing. Torque studs to 35 lb-ft (47 Nm).
c
a
b
22153
a - Reservoir
b - Pump Housing
c - Studs
14. Install components shown. Torque fitting assembly to 35 lb-ft (47 Nm).
d
b
a
c
22153
a
b
c
d
- Flow Control Spring
- Control Valve Assembly
- O-ring For Fitting Assembly
- Fitting Assembly
INDEX
Page 6A-30
90-863160 MAY 2000
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
15. Install pulley, as follows, using Pulley Pusher Assembly 91-93656A1, and a long straight
edge:
a. Place pulley on pump shaft.
b. Thread stud ALL-THE-WAY into pump shaft. Place bearing over stud. DO NOT use
spacer from kit.
c. Thread nut onto shaft. Thread shaft (and nut) ALL-THE-WAY onto stud.
d. Using a long straight edge (to check drive belt alignment), turn large pusher nut until
drive belt is parallel to straight edge.
e. Check pulley installation for correct alignment. Do NOT use spacer.
a
i
b
c d
e
f
g
h
76896
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
- Power Steering Pump Pulley
- Stud
- Spacer
- Bearing
- Nut
- Shaft
- Crankshaft Pulley (Shown) or Water Circulating Pump Pulley
- Long Straight Edge
- Drive Belt Parallel
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 6A-31
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Installation
IMPORTANT: Be careful to not cross-thread or overtighten hose fittings.
1. Place the power steering pump on the bracket and install the screws and nut. Torque
to 30 lb-ft (41 Nm).
a
a
b
75798
75228
Power Steering Pump Typical Location
a - Nut
b - Bolts
2. Be certain a new high pressure hose O-ring is present. Install threaded fitting in back
of pump assembly. Tighten fitting securely. Connect low pressure hose on back of pump.
Tighten hose clamp securely.
b
a
75228
Power Steering Pump Typical Location
a - Return Hose
b - High Pressure Hose
3. Install mounting hardware and fasteners to retain pump to bracket. (Refer to “Exploded
View” for specific details on your engine.)
4. Install drive belt and adjust tension. Refer to “Pump Drive Belt Adjustment” as previously
outlined.
5. Fill and air bleed system. Refer to SECTION 1B - “Maintenance.”
INDEX
Page 6A-32
90-863160 MAY 2000
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Multiple Sterndrive Steering Tie Bar Arrangements
With multiple sterndrives you must select one of several possible steering systems.
CAUTION
Failure to observe the recommended Tie Bar Arrangements as presented in this
section could result in serious damage to the steering and/or trim system components. This damage could adversely affect control of the boat.
INTERNAL POWER STEERING WITH INTERNAL TIE BAR ONLY
At the lower end of the performance spectrum, boats not capable of speeds in excess of 60
MPH, the basic internal tie bar is recommended. It connects the slave sterndrive to the sterndrive that is directly connected to the factory power steering output. This internal tie bar is
available in a variety of lengths from the sterndrive manufacturer.
INTERNAL POWER STEERING WITH INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL TIE BAR
As a boat moves into the moderate performance range of 60-70 MPH or for a reduction in
steering backlash, an external tie bar should be added. External tie bars are usually designed to attach at the aft power trim cylinder bosses. This location is an excellent choice
because of its proximity to the propeller. HOWEVER, because of the potential overstress
that can occur if one drive is trimmed much differently than the other, a dual trim control kit
(Part Number 90362A3) should be installed to limit this potential tilt differential to about 20°.
IMPORTANT: Mercury Marine does not recommend the use of an external tie bar
ONLY with no internal tie bar when using the internal power steering system. This can
cause excessive loads on the steering components on the drive connected to the internal power steering system. These increased loads can damage the steering components, resulting in increased play in the steering of the boat.
EXTERNAL POWER STEERING
When boat speeds move past 70 MPH or if additional steering backlash reduction is desired,
external power steering is recommended. This normally will include an external tie bar
mounted at the same general location as the power steering cylinders, which are generally
attached at the top of the sterndrive’s drive shaft housing. With this steering system, no internal tie bar should be used. These steering cylinders can be attached either inboard (between) or outboard of the sterndrives.
EXTERNAL POWER STEERING WITH LOW EXTERNAL TIE BAR
For the fastest boats, over 80 MPH, or for the ultimate in steering backlash reduction, use
external power steering, BUT (where mechanically possible) with the external tie bar
mounted at the trim cylinder boss location (as previously described in “Internal Power Steering with Internal and External Tie Bar” statements). Again, this system does NOT use an
internal tie bar.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 6A-33
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Determining Tie Bar Length
WARNING
ON DUAL INSTALLATION USING STARBOARD TIE BAR KIT. The steering cable
MUST have a minimum radius of 8 in. (203 mm) at the transom end. A radius less
than 8 in. (203 mm) may kink the steering cable which, in turn, may affect steering
operation. If the minimum 8 in. (203 mm) requirement cannot be met due to boat
construction, etc., steering cable must then be routed to port transom and a port
transom and a port tie bar kit 96708A4, A5 or A6 MUST BE used in place of the starboard tie bar kit.
NOTE: If sterndrive units are to be “toed-in” or “toed-out,” measure from centerlines of steering levers (with sterndrive units positioned as desired), instead of centerlines of power packages. In most cases, the best boat handling and performance characteristics will be obtained with the sterndrive units positioned parallel.
1. Determine tie bar length.
a. Measure centerline distance (Dimple in Gimbal Housing is located beneath the decal in the top center).
b. Apply measurement to appropriate chart to determine tie bar length.
a
b
c
70133
a - Distance Between Centerlines
b - Port Transom Assembly Centerline
c - Starboard Transom Assembly Centerline
INDEX
Page 6A-34
90-863160 MAY 2000
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Selection
TIE BAR CHART
For Dual Installations with Steering Cable Attached to Starboard Power Package
* 16” to 30”
92020A1
* 30” to 46”
92020A2
46” to 62”
92020A3
* If centerline distance is the same as maximum figure, use next larger size tie bar.
TIE BAR CHART
For Dual Installations with Steering Cable Attached to Port Power Package
* 28” to 37-1/2”
96708A4
* 37-1/2” to 55”
96708A5
55” to 72”
96708A6
* If centerline distance is the same as maximum figure, use next larger size tie bar.
Installation
DUAL INSTALLATIONS WITH STEERING CABLE ATTACHED TO STARBOARD POWER PACKAGE
1. Attach fixed bar end to steering lever, using clevis pin and cotter pin. Spread cotter pin
ends.
b
c
22211
a
d
a
b
c
d
22079
- Fixed End
- Steering Lever
- Clevis Pin
- Cotter Pin
2. Position sterndrive units as desired and turn adjustable end out (if necessary) to align
hole in bar end with holes in steering lever and piston rod end clevis.
3. Turn adjustable end out 3 to 4 turns from this position.
4. Apply Loctite 277 to exposed tie bar threads; then turn tie bar back in (3 to 4 turns) to
previously aligned position.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 6A-35
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
5. Attach tie bar end using clevis pin (f), and cotter pin (g).
6. Spread cotter pin ends.
7. Apply Loctite 277 to exposed tie bar threads.
8. Tighten locknut against tie bar to 50 lb-ft (68 Nm).
h
e
22079
f
g
22211
e
f
g
h
- Adjustable End
- Clevis Pin
- Cotter Pin
- Locknut
DUAL INSTALLATIONS WITH STEERING CABLE ATTACHED TO PORT POWER PACKAGE
1. Attach fixed bar end to steering lever, using clevis pin and cotter pin. Spread cotter pin
ends.
b
c
a
d
22079
22211
a
b
c
d
- Fixed Bar End
- Steering Lever
- Clevis Pin
- Cotter Pin
2. Position sterndrive units as desired and turn adjustable end out (if necessary) to align
hole in bar end with holes in steering lever and piston rod end clevis.
3. Turn adjustable end out 3 to 4 turns from this position.
4. Apply Loctite 271 to exposed tie bar threads.
5. Turn tie bar back in (3 to 4 turns) to previously aligned position.
6. Attach tie bar end using clevis pin and cotter pin.
INDEX
Page 6A-36
90-863160 MAY 2000
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
7. Spread cotter pin ends.
8. Apply Loctite 271 or equivalent to exposed tie bar threads.
9. Tighten locknut (against tie bar) to 50 lb-ft (68 Nm).
e
h
f
g
22079
22211
e
f
g
h
- Adjustable End
- Clevis Pin
- Cotter Pin
- Locknut
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 6A-37
POWER STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
THIS PAGE IS INTENTIONALLY BLANK
INDEX
Page 6A-38
90-863160 MAY 2000
COMPACT HYDRAULIC STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
STEERING SYSTEMS
Section 6B - Compact Hydraulic Steering
Table of Contents
Important Information About
Thru-Transom Exhaust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Torque Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives . . . . . . .
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing The Steering Cylinder . . . . . . . . .
Filling And Purging The System . . . . . . . . .
Twin Station and/or Twin Cylinder . . . . .
6B-2
6B-2
6B-2
6B-3
6B-4
6B-6
6B-6
Single Station With Single Cylinder . . . 6B-7
Purging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-8
Connecting The Clevis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-10
Hydraulic Fluid Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-11
Setting Fluid Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-11
Maintaining Fluid Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-11
System Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6B-11
6
B
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 6B-1
COMPACT HYDRAULIC STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Important Information About Thru-Transom Exhaust
This Hydraulic Steering system is not designed for use with Through-Transom exhaust systems. Do not use this Hydraulic Steering System with a Through-Transom Exhaust System.
Torque Specifications
DESCRIPTION
lb-in.
Steering Hydraulic Hose Fittings
130
Steering System (Pivot Bolts)
Steering Wheel Shaft Nut
1
Nm
15
25
Helm Nuts
1:
lb-ft
34
150
17
110
12
Amount specified is MINIMUM. Do not exceed 200 lb-in. (22 Nm).
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives
Description
Quicksilver 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon
Loctite 567 PST Pipe Sealant
Part Number
92-825407A1
92-809822
Quicksilver Hydraulic Fluid,
64-826485A1
Texaco H015
92-862014A1
SeaStar Hydraulic Fluid HA5430
Approved Hydraulic
Steering Fluids
Chevron Aviation Fluid A
Mobil Aero HFA
Obtain Locally
Shell Aero 4
Fluid meeting MIL Specification H5606C
WARNING
Avoid serious bodily injury or death due to loss of steering control. Any
non-approved fluid used in this system may cause irreparable damage, loss of
steering, and cancellation of warranty. Never use brake fluid in this hydraulic
steering system. Use only approved hydraulic fluids.
INDEX
Page 6B-2
90-863160 MAY 2000
COMPACT HYDRAULIC STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Removal
CAUTION
Avoid product malfunction and diminished steering control. Dirt and contamination
introduced into the hydraulic system can result in damage to internal parts of steering system. Do not allow dirt or contamination to enter the helm, lines or cylinder
of this steering system.
WARNING
Avoid serious bodily injury or death due to loss of steering control. Extreme heat
will lower burst pressure or melt hydraulic hoses. In either case, instant loss of
steering may occur. Do not allow hydraulic hoses to contact hot engine.
1. Loosen hose fittings and remove hoses from steering cylinder T-Fittings.
2. Plug hose ends to prevent fluid loss.
c
a
c
d
b
a
b
c
d
76085
- Steering Cylinder
- Hoses
- T-Fittings
- Hose Fittings
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 6B-3
COMPACT HYDRAULIC STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
3. Remove cotter pin from port clevis pin and remove clevis pin.
4. Bend pivot bolt tab washer tabs away from bolts.
5. Remove pivot bolts.
a
a
c
d
b
76087
a
b
c
d
- Pivot Bolts
- Port Clevis Pin
- Tab Washer
- Tab
6. Remove steering cylinder from transom.
Installing The Steering Cylinder
1. Ensure that bushings are clean. Lubricate bushings with Special Lubricant 101.
a
b
a
76087
a - Bushings
b - Steering Cylinder Assembly
INDEX
Page 6B-4
90-863160 MAY 2000
COMPACT HYDRAULIC STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
2. Install steering cylinder assembly as follows:
a. Position steering cylinder assembly so that upper and lower pivot bolts (with tab
washers and spacers) can be threaded by hand into transom plate.
b. Ensure that tab washer tangs straddle the ridge on transom plate.
c. Ensure steering cylinder assembly pivots freely.
d. Torque pivot bolts to 25 lb-ft (34 Nm). Bend washer tabs against corresponding flats
on bolt heads.
NOTE: It may be necessary to tighten pivot bolts further to align flats on bolt with tabs on
tab washer.
b
b
f
c
d
g
e
h
g
a
d
c
f
b
76087
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
- Steering Cylinder Assembly
- Pivot Bolt
- Tab Washer
- Spacer
- Tab
- Transom Plate
- Ridge on Transom Plate
- Tab Washer Tangs (Straddle Ridge)
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 6B-5
COMPACT HYDRAULIC STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
IMPORTANT: Do not connect clevis to steering lever at this time. Bleed and purge the
system before connecting clevis to steering lever.
3. Connect hoses to steering cylinder as follows:
a. Apply a small amount of clean hydraulic fluid to the hydraulic hose end O-ring area.
b. Push port and starboard hoses completely into fittings.
c. Hand tighten hose fittings.
d. Torque hose fittings to 130 lb-in. (15 Nm).
c
b
e
d
a
76085
a
b
c
d
e
- Port T-Fitting
- Starboard T-Fitting
- Hose O-Ring
- Port Hose From Helm (“P”)
- Starboard Hose From Helm (“S”)
Filling And Purging The System
NOTE: Due to system design, one technician may not be able to completely purge all the
air from the system after installation. This will result in spongy and unresponsive steering.
Two technicians are required for successful filling and purging of any system.
Twin Station and/or Twin Cylinder
WARNING
Avoid serious injury or death resulting from a loss of steering control. Improper
venting or plugging of hydraulic helm pump reservoir can cause loss of fluid or
introduction of air into hydraulic system resulting in insufficient hydraulic pump
pressure for proper steering control. If more than one steering station is being
installed, the vent-fill plug on all but the uppermost helm must be replaced with a
non-vent plug which is included in a dual station fitting kit.
For Twin Station and/or Twin Cylinder filling and purging (bleed) instructions, follow instructions provided by SeaStar. How to fill and purge a Single Station with Single Cylinder System is outlined in the following.
INDEX
Page 6B-6
90-863160 MAY 2000
COMPACT HYDRAULIC STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Single Station With Single Cylinder
FILLING
IMPORTANT: Hydraulic fluid must be visible in the filler tube during the entire filling
procedure. DO NOT allow the bottle of fluid used for filling to empty causing the filler
tube to empty. This may introduce air into the system and cause additional filling and
purging to be needed.
Approximately two bottles (2 quarts) of approved hydraulic fluid are required for this single
station and single cylinder system. The length of hydraulic hoses required will cause the
amount to vary.
1. Remove vent/fill plug from helm.
2. Using a Filler Kit (ordered separately) screw the filler tube into vent/fill plug hole. Hand
tighten.
3. Screw bottle of hydraulic fluid into the filler tube bottle cap end. Turn bottle upside-down
and poke a hole in bottom of bottle.
4. Ensure hydraulic fluid is always visible in filler tube and fill helm pump. Install next bottle
while fluid is still visible in filler tube but first bottle is empty.
5. The helm is full when air bubbles no longer appear in filler tube. Stop filling.
f
d
b
e
c
76089
a
a
b
c
d
e
f
76284
- Helm
- Vent/Fill Plug
- Filler Tube
- Bottle Cap End
- Hydraulic Fluid Bottle
- Pin (To Pierce Bottle)
IMPORTANT: Do not proceed to the next step until helm is full of hydraulic fluid. Ensure no air is visible in filler tube.
6. Leave bottle of fluid connected to helm for use in the following steps - “Purging.”
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 6B-7
COMPACT HYDRAULIC STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Purging
Turning the steering wheel in direction shown moves the cylinder rod as indicated by arrow.
76090
1. Remove caps from bleeder valves on T-Fittings at cylinder assembly.
NOTE: Place temporary hoses (obtain locally - clear hose is recommended) on bleeder outlets and position these hoses in a container to avoid spillage and air return to bleeder.
2. Turn the steering wheel slowly CLOCKWISE while your assistant opens the
STARBOARD bleeder valve.
3. Continue to turn steering wheel clockwise until a stream of air free hydraulic fluid is
visible out of bleeder.
4. While continuing to slowly turn the steering wheel, close the STARBOARD bleeder.
a
d
b
c
c
76090
a
b
c
d
INDEX
Page 6B-8
- Cap
- Starboard T-Fitting
- Starboard Bleeder Valve
- Temporary Hose
5. Turn steering wheel clockwise until cylinder rod is fully extended. Ensure steering lever
does not interfere with cylinder clevis.
90-863160 MAY 2000
COMPACT HYDRAULIC STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
6. Turn the steering wheel slowly COUNTERCLOCKWISE while your assistant opens the
PORT bleeder valve on the steering cylinder.
7. Continue to turn steering wheel until a stream of air free fluid is visible out of bleeder.
8. Continuing to slowly turn the steering wheel while closing the PORT bleeder.
b
c
a
b
76090
a - Starboard T-Fitting
b - Starboard Bleeder Valve
c - Cap
9. Turn the steering wheel COUNTERCLOCKWISE until the cylinder rod is fully retracted.
Steering wheel will come to a stop.
10. Open STARBOARD bleeder.
11. Hold cylinder rod to prevent extension. Continue to turn steering wheel counterclockwise until a stream of air free fluid is visible out of bleeder.
12. Close the bleeder while continuing to turn steering wheel.
13. Filling and purging is complete. Refer to “Hydraulic Fluid Level” to set fluid level and to
check the system after connecting the clevis as outlined following.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 6B-9
COMPACT HYDRAULIC STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Connecting The Clevis
1. Lubricate clevis pin and clevis with Special Lubricant 101.
2. Connect clevis to steering lever. Be sure to spread both ends of cotter pin.
IMPORTANT: Ensure that the clevis is positioned as shown below. The angled notch
in the clevis must face the rear.
a
b
b
c
c
76087
a - Clevis
b - Clevis Pin and Cotter Pin
c - Steering Lever
INDEX
Page 6B-10
90-863160 MAY 2000
COMPACT HYDRAULIC STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Hydraulic Fluid Level
Setting Fluid Level
WARNING
Avoid serious bodily injury or death due to loss of steering control. This system operates with an unbalanced steering cylinder volume. Proper fluid level in the helm
can only be set or checked with the cylinder rod fully retracted. Do not set or check
hydraulic fluid level in helm with cylinder rod extended.
System must be filled and purged as outlined previously before setting fluid level.
1. Ensure cylinder rod is fully retracted.
2. With filler tube screwed into helm filler plug hole, fill tube approximately 1/2 full of air free
fluid.
3. Open Starboard bleeder valve and slowly turn steering wheel CLOCKWISE until fluid
level in filler tube is at the top of the plastic filler fitting. Continue turning steering wheel
CLOCKWISE 1/4 turn more and stop. Close bleeder.
4. Remove filler tube. Fluid level should be at bottom of filler hole. Install vent/fill plug.
Maintaining Fluid Level
To maintain proper fluid level, observe the following:
•
Do not allow fluid level to drop more than 1/4 in. (6 mm) below bottom of filler hole.
•
Check fluid level periodically.
System Check
The system must be checked for proper connections, possible leaks and complete purging
of air after filling, purging and setting the fluid level.
IMPORTANT: In the following, turn the wheel with enough force to exceed the pressure relief valve in the helm. This should not harm the helm or the system.
1. Turn steering wheel (any wheel on multi-steering station) very hard to port to pressurize
system.
2. While pressure is maintained, check all port fittings and hose connections. Ensure there
are no leaks. If leaks are present, correct before using.
3. Turn steering wheel (any wheel on multi-steering station) very hard to starboard to pressurize system.
4. While pressure is maintained, check all starboard fittings and hose connections. Ensure
there are no leaks. If leaks are present, correct before using.
NOTE: Observing a significant drop in the fluid level at the helm while performing the system
check may mean you are compressing air and further filling and purging would be required.
5. If no leaks are present, the system is ready for service.
WARNING
Avoid serious bodily injury or death due to loss of steering control. Hydraulic pump
in helm requires hydraulic fluid to create the necessary pressure for steering the
boat. Do not operate boat with a steering system fluid leak which could cause insufficient hydraulic pump pressure and loss of steering control.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 6B-11
COMPACT HYDRAULIC STEERING
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
THIS PAGE IS INTENTIONALLY BLANK
INDEX
Page 6B-12
90-863160 MAY 2000
CORROSION PROTECTION - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
CORROSION PROTECTION
Section 7A - All Models
Table of Contents
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7A-2
Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7A-2
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives . . . . . 7A-2
Continuity Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7A-2
Trim Cylinder Anodes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7A-5
Anodic Plate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7A-6
Bravo One Sterndrive Units . . . . . . . . . . 7A-6
Bravo Two Sterndrive Units . . . . . . . . . . 7A-8
Bravo Three Sterndrive Units . . . . . . . . 7A-8
Integral MerCathode System . . . . . . . . . . . 7A-9
Removing Electrode Assembly . . . . . . . 7A-9
Installing Electrode Assembly . . . . . . . . . . 7A-10
Connect Electrical Leads to
Controller Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7A-12
Wiring Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MerCathode Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MerCathode Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Quicksilver Isolator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Corrosion Protection Testing
and Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Equipment Set-Up . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Low Readings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Low Readings (continued) . . . . . . . . . .
High Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Normal Reading But Corrosion
is Evident . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7A-13
7A-13
7A-14
7A-15
7A-15
7A-18
7A-19
7A-20
7A-21
7A-21
7
A
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 7A-1
CORROSION PROTECTION - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Specifications
Special Tools
DESCRIPTION
PART NUMBER
MerCathode Reference Electrode Test
76675T1
Quicksilver VOA Meter*
91-93572
*If you do not already have this meter, use a digital multi-meter. Do NOT use a standard analog meter as inaccurate readings will result.
IMPORTANT: Quicksilver Volt/OhmMeter 91-93572 and Multi-Meter DVA/Tester
91-99750 are no longer recommended for testing corrosion protection.
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives
DESCRIPTION
PART NUMBER
Quicksilver Liquid Neoprene
92-25711-3
Continuity Circuit
Transom assembly and sterndrive unit are equipped with ground circuit wires to ensure
good electrical continuity between engine, transom assembly and sterndrive components.
Good continuity is essential for the Anode and MerCathode System to function most effectively.
Inspect the following ground circuit components at intervals (Section 1B) for loose connections, broken or fraying wires.
a
22028
a - Steering Lever Ground Wire
INDEX
Page 7A-2
90-863160 MAY 2000
CORROSION PROTECTION - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
a
b
77079
22650
a - Inner Transom Plate To Gimbal Housing Ground Wire
b - Driveshaft Housing To Gear Housing Ground Plate (Inside Anode Cavity)
b
a
77100
a - Gimbal Housing To Gimbal Ring Ground Wire
b - Gimbal Ring To Trim Cylinder Ground Wires
b
b
a
a
c
c
22028
Gasoline Models
50242
Diesel Models
a - Flywheel Housing Grounding Stud
b - Ground Wire
c - Inner Transom Plate Grounding Screw
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 7A-3
CORROSION PROTECTION - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
a
b
22755
22031
a - Gimbal Ring To Bell Housing Ground Wire
b - Sterndrive Unit To Bell Housing Ground Plate
a
b
70575
22230
a - Driveshaft Housing To Gear Housing Anodic Plate
b - Hydraulic Connector Block To Gimbal Housing Ground Washer
b
a
50383
22079
a - U-joint Bellows Ground Clip
b - Exhaust Bellows Ground Clips
INDEX
Page 7A-4
90-863160 MAY 2000
CORROSION PROTECTION - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Trim Cylinder Anodes
CAUTION
DO NOT paint new trim cylinder anodes, as this will render them ineffective as a galvanic corrosion inhibitor.
1. Remove screws that secure anodes to trim cylinders. Remove anodes.
a
b
71966
a - Screws
b - Trim Cylinder Anodes
2. Scrape mounting surface on cylinder end cap down to bare metal.
3. Install new anodes and tighten securely.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 7A-5
CORROSION PROTECTION - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Anodic Plate
75251
a - Anodic Plate
CAUTION
DO NOT paint new anodic plate, as this will render it ineffective as a galvanic corrosion inhibitor.
Bravo One Sterndrive Units
1. Remove plug from driveshaft housing to gain access to attaching screw.
a
22093
a - Rubber Plug
2. Use a 1/2 in. standard socket and extension to loosen screw and remove anodic plate.
b
d
c
e
a
a
b
c
d
e
76800
- Anodic Plate
- Rubber Plug (Removed)
- 1/2 in. Socket
- Extension
- Screw
INDEX
Page 7A-6
90-863160 MAY 2000
CORROSION PROTECTION - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
CAUTION
To be effective, new anodic plate MUST make good electrical contact with gear
housing.
3. Scrape anodic plate mounting surface on gear housing down to bare metal.
4. Install anodic plate. Torque screw to 30 lb-ft (41 Nm).
b
d
c
e
a
a
b
c
d
e
76800
- Anodic Plate
- Rubber Plug (Removed)
- 1/2 in. Socket
- Extension
- Screw
5. Reinstall plug in driveshaft housing.
a
22093
a - Rubber Plug
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 7A-7
CORROSION PROTECTION - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Bravo Two Sterndrive Units
1. Use a 1/2 in. standard socket to loosen screw and remove anodic plate.
2. Scrape anodic plate mounting surface down to bare metal to ensure continuity.
3. Install anodic plate. Torque screw to 30 lb-ft (41 Nm).
a
b
50323
a - Screw
b - Anodic plate
Bravo Three Sterndrive Units
a
76831
a - Anodic Plate
1. Remove plastic cap to gain access to the anode attaching bolt.
a
b
76832
a - Plastic Cap (Removed)
b - Bolt
2. Scrape the mounting surface on gear housing down to bare metal to ensure continuity.
3. Install new anode. Torque to 23 lb-ft (32 Nm).
4. Reinstall plastic cap.
INDEX
Page 7A-8
90-863160 MAY 2000
CORROSION PROTECTION - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Integral MerCathode System
Removing Electrode Assembly
1. Disconnect electrode assembly wires from MerCathode Controller.
a
b
c
d
22232
a
b
c
d
- ORANGE Lead - From Electrode On Transom Assembly
- RED/PURPLE Lead - Connect To Positive (+) Battery Terminal
- BLACK Lead - From Engine Harness
- BROWN Lead - From Electrode On Transom Assembly
2. Remove two screws, flat washers and lock washers.
3. Remove electrode assembly.
e
a
c
d
a
b
c
d
e
b
70771
- Electrode Assembly
- Screw (2)
- Flat Washer (2)
- Lock Washer (2)
- Hydraulic Connector Block
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 7A-9
CORROSION PROTECTION - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Installing Electrode Assembly
CAUTION
O-ring MUST BE properly seated in groove of electrode assembly or water leakage
into boat will result.
1. Electrodes have a factory installed rubber grommet and Do NOT require an O-ring.
a
b
71862
a - Electrode
b - Rubber Grommet
2. Form a 2 ft. (610 mm) long piece of .032 in. (6.8 mm) diameter wire to the dimensions
shown.
b
c
d
a
74106
a
b
c
d
- 2 Ft. (610 Mm) Of Approximately .032 In. (0.8 Mm) Dia. Wire
- 5 in. (123 mm)
- 45_ Angle
- 1/2 in. (13 mm)
3. Insert 45_ angle end of wire through center hole in hydraulic connector block.
INDEX
Page 7A-10
90-863160 MAY 2000
CORROSION PROTECTION - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
4. Guide wire through hole until wire protrudes through cavity on the bottom of exhaust
pipe.
a
a
22235
a - Wire
5. Secure ring terminals to tracer wire.
6. Guide leads through center hole in connector block.
IMPORTANT: Orange lead is approximately 6 in. (150 mm) longer than the brown lead.
7. Pull leads ALL the way into the boat.
a
b
22234
a - Wire
b - Leads
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 7A-11
CORROSION PROTECTION - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
CAUTION
DO NOT paint sacrificial anodes or MerCathode System electrode assembly, as this
will render them ineffective as galvanic corrosion inhibitors.
8. Position and secure electrode assembly to gimbal housing using two 1-3/8 in. (35 mm)
long screws, flat washers and lockwashers. Torque to 25 lb-in. (2.8 Nm). Do NOT
overtighten.
e
a
c
d
a
b
c
d
e
b
70771
- Electrode Assembly
- Screw (2)
- Flat Washer (2)
- Lock Washer (2)
- Hydraulic Connector Block
Connect Electrical Leads to Controller Assembly
NOTE: If black (ground) wire is not available at terminal block or from wire harness, install
a separate lead between controller negative (–) terminal and negative (–) battery cable attaching point on engine.
1. Securely connect electrical leads to controller assembly. (See Wiring Diagrams,
following.)
2. Apply a thin coat of Quicksilver Liquid Neoprene (92-25711) to ALL electrical
connections.
INDEX
Page 7A-12
90-863160 MAY 2000
CORROSION PROTECTION - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Wiring Diagrams
MerCathode Monitor
e
a
d
b
c
74251
a
b
c
d
e
- Instrument Panel Ground
- Screw, Nut and Sleeve
- Electrode
- 20 Amp Fuse
- Controller
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 7A-13
CORROSION PROTECTION - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
MerCathode Controller
a
b
c
73596
a - Controller
b - 20 Amp Fuse
c - Electrode
INDEX
Page 7A-14
90-863160 MAY 2000
CORROSION PROTECTION - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Quicksilver Isolator
Boats that are connected to AC shore power require additional protection to prevent destructive low voltage galvanic currents from passing through the shore power ground wire.
A Quicksilver Isolator can be installed to block the passage of these currents, while still providing a path to ground for dangerous fault (shock) currents.
CAUTION
If A.C. shore power is not isolated from boat ground, the MerCathode System and
sacrificial anodes may be unable to handle the increased galvanic corrosion potential.
a
76833
a - Quicksilver Isolator (18478A2)
Corrosion Protection Testing and Troubleshooting
NOTE: The following corrosion protection test supersedes all previously issued tests. This
test can be used on applications with or without a MerCathode System.
If the unit is equipped with a MerCathode System, this test should be performed annually
where the boat is moored to ensure that the system is functioning properly.
Test requires the us of MerCathode Reference Electrode Test 76675A1 and Quicksilver
VOA meter 91-62562A1. This meter is no longer available from Mercury Marine. If you do
not already have this meter, a digital multi-meter must be used. A STANDARD ANALOG
METER CANNOT BE USED, AS AN INACCURATE READING WILL RESULT.
IMPORTANT: Quicksilver Volt/Ohm Meter 91–93572 and Multi-Meter DVA/Tester
91-99750 are no longer recommended for testing corrosion protection.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 7A-15
CORROSION PROTECTION - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
The MerCathode Reference Electrode Tester 76675A1 is equipped with a special jack containing a resistor to provide the proper scale reading when used with a digital multimeter.
Do NOT remove this plug or use analog meters. Resistor jack can be left in place when
using digital meters.
11.0
a
76834
Digital Multimeter and MerCathode Reference Tester 76675A1
a - Special Resistor Jack
NOTE: Set-up test equipment as shown on page 7A-21.
IMPORTANT: Be sure to observe the following when performing test:
•
If equipped with MerCathode System, ensure battery is fully charged (12.6 Volts or
above).
•
Boats recently placed in service usually will produce a reading higher than normal
because the sterndrive unit is protected by a good finish and new sacrificial anodes.
To obtain an accurate diagnosis, the test should be performed after the boat has
been in service at least one or two weeks. This will give the paint a chance to soak
and minor abrasions and scratches will have appeared resulting in a more accurate
reading.
•
Boats should be moored, without being operated, for at least 8 hours before performing tests. This is necessary to allow the MerCathode System and/or sacrificial
anodes to polarize the surrounding water. Be careful not to rock the boat excessively
while boarding to perform a test as this will alter the test reading.
1. Plug negative meter lead into negative (–) receptacle of meter. Connect other end of
lead to negative (–) battery terminal or other convenient engine ground.
2. Plug Reference Electrode Tester lead into positive (+) receptacle of meter.
3. Set meter on scale required to read 0-2000 millivolts (0-2 volts).
INDEX
Page 7A-16
90-863160 MAY 2000
CORROSION PROTECTION - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
4. Immerse Electrode Tester in the water within 6 in. (150 mm) of aft end of sterndrive unit.
IMPORTANT: There will be different voltage readings depending on the type of MerCathode System you are testing.
76868
Electrode Mounted on Bottom of Transom Assembly
71895
Electrodes Mounted on Boat Transom
5. The following readings indicate that the sterndrive unit is adequately protected:
a. MODELS WITH ELECTRODES MOUNTED ON BOAT TRANSOM
Fresh Water Areas 7.5 - 10.5 millivolts with Quicksilver
VOA Meter
750 - 1050 Millivolts with Digital Meter
Salt, Polluted or Mineral Laden Water Areas:
8.8 - 10.5 millivolts with Quicksilver
VOA Meter
880 - 1050 Millivolts with Digital Meter
b. MODELS WITH ELECTRODE MOUNTED ON BOTTOM OF TRANSOM ASSEMBLY
Fresh Water Areas 6.2 - 11.8 Millivolts with Quicksilver
VOA Meter
620 - 1180 Millivolts with Digital Meter
Salt, Polluted or Mineral Laden Water Areas:
7.5 - 11.8 Millivolts with Quicksilver
VOA Meter
750 - 1180 Millivolts with Digital Meter
6. If the reading is not within specified limits, or if reading is within specifications but there
is evidence of corrosion on sterndrive, refer to the following troubleshooting charts to
aid in diagnosis.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 7A-17
CORROSION PROTECTION - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Test Equipment Set-Up
6 IN. (150 MM)
(MAX.)
70755
INDEX
Page 7A-18
90-863160 MAY 2000
CORROSION PROTECTION - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Low Readings
Cause
Special Instructions
Loss of continuity between sterndrive unit
components and negative (-) battery
terminal.
Ensure that continuity devices are not
missing or damaged and that connections
are clean and tight.
Shore power green safety grounding lead
not isolated from the power package
ground on boats equipped with shore
power.
Disconnect shore power and verify if
reading increases. If so, install a
Quicksilver Isolator P/N 18478A2 or an
isolation transformer.
Underwater metal parts on the sterndrive
unit and/or boat are unpainted or the paint
is in poor condition. The boat has more
exposed metal than the anodes and/or
MerCathode system can protect.
Anodes painted.
Prime and paint underwater metal parts.
This will reduce the load on the anodes
and/or MerCathode system.
The anodes are improperly grounded or
inactive.
Clean anode mounting surface or replace
anodes if they have oxidized.
Anodes consumed (no longer protect).
Replace anodes if eroded 50% or more.
Remove paint or replace anodes.
Sterndrive unit and/or boat bottom painted Avoid any electrical interconnection
with anti-fouling paint containing copper or between the MerCruiser product, anodic
tin.
blocks, or MerCathode system and the
paint by allowing a minimum of 1-1/2 in.
(40 mm) of UNPAINTED area around
these items on the transom of the boat.
MerCathode reference electrode or anode Remove paint.
painted.
Anodic heads used instead of plastic caps. Reinstall the plastic caps.
No power to MerCathode controller.
Poor connection between reference
electrode lead (brown) or anode lead
(orange) and MerCathode controller.
Connect the positive (+) volt meter lead
(set on 0-20 volt scale) to the positive (+)
controller terminal and the negative (–)
volt meter lead to the negative (–)
terminal. The meter should indicate
battery voltage. Check for a blown fuse (if
equipped) on the starboard MerCathode
system. Clean the connection or repair
wiring as required.
Clean and/or tighten the connection.
Repair the wiring.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 7A-19
CORROSION PROTECTION - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Low Readings (continued)
Cause
Faulty MerCathode reference electrode.
Faulty MerCathode Controller.
Additional corrosion protection required.
Boats equipped with a sizable amount of
underwater metal (stainless steel prop,
after planes, etc.), or that are moored in
an area with warm or rapid flowing water
may require additional protection.
Special Instructions
Disconnect the reference electrode
lead(brown) from the controller “R”
terminal. Connect the lead to the positive
(+) terminal of a digital multimeter (set on
0-2000 millivolt scale). Connect the
negative (–) meter lead to the negative (–)
battery terminal. Note the meter reading;
then repeat the test using a MerCathode
Reference Electrode Tester 76675A1. You
should obtain the same reading in both
cases. If not, replace the reference
electrode.
With anode and reference electrode leads
connected to the controller, connect the
jumper wire between “R” and negative (-)
terminals on the controller. Connect the
positive (+) lead of the volt meter (set on
0-20 scale) to terminal “A” on the
controller. Connect the negative (-) meter
lead to the negative (-) controller terminal.
Reading should be as follows:
D Freshwater Areas Electrodes Mounted on boat transom: 7.5
- 10.5 Millivolts
Electrode mounted on bottom transom
assembly: 6.2 - 11.8 Millivolts
D Saltwater Areas Electrodes mounted on boat transom: 8.8
- 10.5 Millivolts
Electrode mounted on bottom of transom
assembly: 7.5 - 11.8 Millivolts
If the reading is low, replace the controller.
Install additional anodes or MerCathode
system 88334A2. If the unit is already
equipped with a MerCathode system, a
second system may be required.
INDEX
Page 7A-20
90-863160 MAY 2000
CORROSION PROTECTION - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
High Reading
Cause
Special Instructions
Stray current corrosion. If an electrical
current flowing along a metal conductor
leaves the metal for a water path, it will
cause ionization of the metal, and an area
of rapid corrosion.
Poor connection between MerCathode
reference electrode lead (brown) and “R”
terminal on controller.
Observe the reading while disconnecting
the electrical components one at a time
until you eliminate the high reading.
Correct the course of stray current.
Faulty MerCathode reference electrode.
Disconnect the reference electrode lead
(brown) from “R” terminal on the controller.
Connect the lead to the positive (+)
terminal of a digital multi-meter (set on
0-2000 millivolt scale). Connect the
negative (–) meter lead to the negative (–)
battery terminal. Note the meter reading;
then, repeat the test using MerCathode
Reference Electrode Tester 76675A1.
Both tools should produce the same
reading. If not, replace the reference
electrode.
Replace the controller.
Faulty MerCathode controller.
Clean and /or tighten connection. Repair
wiring as required.
Normal Reading But Corrosion is Evident
CORROSION ON THE ENTIRE STERNDRIVE UNIT
Cause
The sterndrive unit is raised so that
the sacrificial anodic trim tab is out of
the water.
Special Instructions
Leave the sterndrive unit in the IN/DOWN
position when the boat is moored to
ensure the trim tab is in the water,
providing protection.
CORROSION PROBLEM DEVELOPED AFTER REFINISHING THE DRIVE UNIT
Cause
A steel wire brush was used to clean
the aluminum casting. Steel particles
became en-trapped and set up a
small galvanic cell.
Special Instructions
Use only a nylon or bristle brush.
PAINT BLISTERING ON DRIVE UNIT
Cause
Battery charger, using 110 volt
shore power improperly connected to
the battery.
Special Instructions
Ensure the charger is connected
correctly.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 7A-21
CORROSION PROTECTION - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
TRIM CYLINDER CORRODING
Cause
Continuity lost between trim cylinder
and drive unit.
Special Instructions
Install proper continuity devices.
ONLY ONE OR TWO COMPONENTS CORRODING
Cause
Continuity lost between drive unit and
components.
Special Instructions
If not already done, install Continuity
Circuit Kit 99940A1.
CORROSION IN THE EXHAUST OUTLET AREA
Cause
Exhaust gas deposits accumulating
on the drive exterior can result in paint
blistering and corrosion.
Special Instructions
Remove deposits with marine or
automotive wax.
CORROSION OCCURS AFTER THE UNIT IS REMOVED FROM THE WATER
Cause
Salt crystals remaining on the surface
of the drive components combine with
high humidity to cause electrolyte
formation, resulting in corrosion.
Special Instructions
Wash drive exterior and flush drive interior
with fresh water.
CORROSION BETWEEN SURFACES
Cause
Salt buildup between surfaces.
Special Instructions
Protect mating parts with Quicksilver
Special Lubricant 101 (92-13872A1),
Quicksilver 2-4-C Marine Lubricant
(92-825407A2) or Perfect Seal
(92-34227-1).
ALUMINUM CORRODING IN LUBRICATED AREAS
Cause
Graphite in the lubricant.
Special Instructions
Never use lubricants containing
graphite because they accelerate
corrosion. Use specially formulated
Quicksilver marine lubricants.
INDEX
Page 7A-22
90-863160 MAY 2000
CORROSION PROTECTION - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
STAINLESS STEEL COMPONENTS CORRODING
Cause
Foreign matter (fishing line, marine
growth, etc.) covering the steel and
starving it of oxygen. This causes a
breakdown of the protective oxide film
and subsequent corrosion (known as
oxygen starvation corrosion). Burying
stainless steel in sand or silt can also
cause this problem.
Special Instructions
Remove foreign matter and prevent
surfaces from being covered by sand
or silt.
STAINLESS STEEL PROPELLER CORRODING
Cause
Continuity lost between propeller and
propeller shaft.
Special Instructions
Clean the mating surfaces on the
propeller, propeller shaft and
attaching parts. If applicable, install a
continuity washer.
PAINT BLISTERING - THE METAL UNDER THE BLISTERED PAINT IS NOT PITTED
Cause
The surface was not properly
prepared before paint was applied.
Special Instructions
Sand the surface down to bare metal,
prime and repaint with Quicksilver
Spray Paint.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 7A-23
CORROSION PROTECTION - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
THIS PAGE IS INTENTIONALLY BLANK
INDEX
Page 7A-24
90-863160 MAY 2000
ACCESSORIES - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
ACCESSORIES
Section 8A - All Models
Table of Contents
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Torque Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives . . . . .
Power Shift (P/N 38638A4) . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking Vacuum Drop-Off . . . . . . . . . .
Power Shift Cylinder Repair . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8A-2
8A-2
8A-2
8A-2
8A-2
8A-3
8A-5
8A-6
8A-6
8A-6
8A-9
Shift Cable Replacement and Adjustment
Installation Preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shift Cable Barrel Adjustment . . . . . . .
Installing Input Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing Output Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Attach Dust Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mounting Power Shift Cylinder . . . . . .
Connecting Vacuum Hose to Engine .
8A-14
8A-14
8A-14
8A-15
8A-16
8A-16
8A-17
8A-17
8
A
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 8A-1
ACCESSORIES - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Specifications
Torque Specifications
Description
lb-in.
lb-ft
Nm
Dust Cover
34
4
Inlet Flange
132
15
Valve Guide Bracket Through Bolts
72
8
End Plate to Valve Guide Bracket
132
15
End Plate to Cylinder
240
27
Lubricants / Sealants / Adhesives
DESCRIPTION
PART NUMBER
2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon
92-825407A1
Power Shift (P/N 38638A4)
Description
The power shift cylinder is a vacuum actuated cylinder that assists the mechanical shifting.
It utilizes the vacuum produced in the intake manifold. The vacuum is routed by hose to the
shift cylinder.
2
1
12
3
13
14
4
15
5
6
19
20
7
18
9
16
8 11 10
17
50419
1 - Power Shift Assembly
2 - Output Cable Stud
3 - Output Cable Stud Nut
4 - Clevis Pin
5 - Input Cable Washer and Cotter Pin
6 - Cotter Pin
7 - Felt Power Shift Cylinder Plug
8 - Flange
9 - Inlet Flange Gasket
10 - Screw
11 - Lockwasher
12 - Dust Shield
13 - Clamp
14 - Spacer
15 - Vacuum Hose Clamp
16 - Vacuum Hose
17 - Vacuum Hose to Engine Fitting Clamp
18 - Vacuum Hose Fitting
19 - Vacuum Hose Fitting Reducer Bushing
20 - T-fitting (used only with vacuum gauge)
INDEX
Page 8A-2
90-863160 MAY 2000
ACCESSORIES - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
General Information
Control Cables - Use quicksilver control cables for the input cable, output cable and throttle
cable.
ATTACHING OUTPUT SHIFT CABLE TO STERNDRIVE UNIT
Refer to the Sterndrive Unit Installation Manual or Installation Section of this manual and
follow the procedure outlined for attaching and adjusting the shift cable.
IMPORTANT:
•
Do not install the propeller before attaching and adjusting the shift cable.
•
Do not attach the throttle cable to the carburetor before attaching and adjusting the shift cable.
•
The engine must be running and the power shift operating when the cable adjustment procedure requires moving the remote control handle to the full forward or full reverse positions. After the handle has been moved, the engine
may be stopped.
•
Failure to comply with the above instructions will result in improper unit shift
cable adjustment and possible damage to the sterndrive shift mechanism.
CABLE REPLACEMENT
IMPORTANT: To ensure proper operation of the remote control and power shift, comply with the following:
•
Control cables must be correct length.
•
Control cables should follow the shortest route from the remote control to the
power shift, and from the power shift to the shift plate.
•
Keep the bends to a minimum number and allow a bend with minimum of a 12
in. (305 mm) radius.
•
DO NOT EXCEED 6 ft. (1.8 m) in length of output cable.
i
a
d
e
c
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
h
b
g
f
50151
- Shift Cable (To Sterndrive Unit)
- Output Cable (To Shift Plate)
- Input Cable
- Remote Control
- Throttle Cable
- Vacuum Hose To Engine
- Vacuum Hose Connection At Engine
- Power Shift Cylinder
- Shift Plate
Page 8A-3
ACCESSORIES - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
DETERMINING INPUT CABLE LENGTH
1. Measure the distance from the remote control where the cables leave the housing, to
the power shift cylinder where the vacuum hose attaches; make the cable bends of a
12 in. (305 mm) radius or larger.
2. Select the input cable length. Use the next full foot longer cable than the measurement
taken.
EXAMPLE: Measured distance = 16 ft. 3 in. (4.96 m). Use a 17 ft. (5.18 m) cable.
DETERMINING OUTPUT CABLE LENGTH
1. Measure distance from power shift cylinder where the vacuum hose attaches to the shift
plate, following the path that the cable will travel. Keep bends to a minimum with a 12
in. (305 mm) or larger radius.
2. Select the output cable length. Use the next full foot longer cable than the measurement.
EXAMPLE: Measured distance = 16 ft. 3 in. (4.96 m). Use a 17 ft. (5.18 m) cable.
IMPORTANT: For the power shift unit to work properly, there must be a bend in the
output cable. Mount the power shift cylinder at 90_-180_ to the shift plate. DO NOT
mount the cylinder in line with the shift plate.
IF RELOCATING THE POWER SHIFT CYLINDER
1. Select a location above the height of the intake manifold to mount the power shift cylinder in the boat.
•
The location must not allow sharp bends in the cable.
•
Bends must form not less than a 12 in. (305 mm) radius.
•
The location must place the power shift cylinder within a distance (measured along
the cable path) of not less than 3 ft. (9.14 m) nor more than 6 ft. (1.8 mm) from the
shift plate.
2. Position drilling template (90-36274) and drill holes. Temporarily mount the power shift
cylinder in the selected location, reusing the lag screws or bolts. Fill and seal the mounting holes in the former location.
INDEX
Page 8A-4
90-863160 MAY 2000
ACCESSORIES - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Checking Vacuum Drop-Off
1. Connect a leak proof shut-off valve and pressure gauge between the Power Shift cylinder input flange and the vacuum connection at the engine manifold. Position the valve
toward the manifold side and the gauge toward the power shift cylinder.
a
50446
a - Engine Manifold To Power Shift Cylinder Vacuum Hose
a
g
e
b
i
h
c
d
e
f
50445
Locally Obtained Components
a - Vacuum Gauge
b - Coupling
c - T-fitting
d - Hose Barb Coupling
e - Hose Clamp
f - Short Vacuum Hose
g - Leak Proof Shut-off Valve
h - Coupling
i - Hose Barb
2. With the engine running at idle, turn off the valve in the vacuum line. If the vacuum drops
to “0” (zero) in less than 5 seconds in either test, install a gasket rebuild kit.
a. TEST1: With the cylinder piston in NEUTRAL.
b. TEST 2: With the cylinder piston in REVERSE.
a b
50422
a - Neutral
b - Reverse
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 8A-5
ACCESSORIES - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Power Shift Cylinder Repair
Removal
1. Loosen the clamps (2) and remove the dust cover from the valve guide brackets.
2. Remove the inlet hose clamp at the inlet flange and remove the inlet hose.
3. Remove the lag screws or bolts that anchor the cylinder to the boat.
4. Remove the cylinder from the mounting surface.
Disassembly
1. Remove the 4 bolts and lockwashers on the end plate. Then, remove the cylinder.
a
b
50339
a - 4 Bolts and Lockwashers
b - Cylinder
2. Remove the piston seal and O-ring from the piston. The O-ring is located under the piston seal in the same groove.
3. Remove the cotter pin securing the shaft end plug.
4. Remove the snap ring that secures the piston to the shaft.
a
50424
c
b
d
50339
50424
a
b
c
d
- Piston Seal
- O-ring
- Cotter Pin
- Snap Ring
INDEX
Page 8A-6
90-863160 MAY 2000
ACCESSORIES - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
5. Remove the piston by removing the O-ring from the shaft (behind the piston, next to the
2nd snap ring) and then removing the snap ring.
6. Remove the shaft end plug.
b
50423
d
c
a
50339
a
b
c
d
- Shaft End Plug
- Piston
- O-ring (Behind Piston)
- Snap Ring
7. Remove the 2 bolts and copper sealing washers indicated below.
a
50339
a - 2 Bolts and Copper Washers
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 8A-7
ACCESSORIES - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
8. Remove the 2 thru-bolts which secure the end plate to the valve guide bracket.
a
50453
a - 2 Thru-bolts
9. Slip the end plate from the valve guide bracket, and off of the shaft. It may be necessary
to tap off the plate with a rawhide mallet.
10. Drive the old seals out of the end plate.
a
a
50425
a - Old Seals
11. Remove the bolts, inlet flange, and gasket. Loosen the thru-bolts and tap out the seal
tube. Press or drive the old seal out of the tube.
d
a
c
e
b
50339
50413
d
50339
INDEX
Page 8A-8
a
b
c
d
e
- Bolts
- Inlet Flange
- Thru-bolts
- Seal Tube
- Old Seal
90-863160 MAY 2000
ACCESSORIES - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Reassembly
1. Press the new oil seals into the end plate/housing until the seals bottom out. The seal
lips face in the direction shown.
a
50452
a - New Oil Seals
2. Wrap the diameter of the shaft (area “a,”) with masking tape to protect the seal lips.
3. Generously lubricate the shaft with 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon.
4. Lubricate the seal lips with 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon, then slide the end plate
housing onto the shaft. You may need to tap the housing into the valve guide bracket,
to seat it fully.
5. Remove the masking tape from the shaft end.
a. Install thru-bolts, flat washers and nuts. Tighten the bolts by hand.
b. Torque the end plate bolts and copper sealing washers to 132 lb-in. (15 Nm).
c. Torque the thru-bolts to 72 lb-in. (8 Nm).
b
a
c
d
50453
a
b
c
d
50339
- Put Masking Tape Over Shaft Diameter (Area “a”)
- End Plate Bolts
- Thru-bolts
- Drive Shaft
6. Press a new seal, lip facing out, into the seal tube, so that the seal is flush with the end
of the tube.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 8A-9
ACCESSORIES - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
7. Lubricate the I.D. of the seal with 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon.
c
b
a
50452
a - Seal Tube
b - New Seal
c - Lip
8. Place masking tape over the shaft end to protect the seal.
9. Lubricate the shaft with 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon.
10. Slide the seal tube (with the seal installed) onto the shaft and slide the seal tube into the
valve guide bracket.
11. While holding the seal tube firmly in the seated position in the valve guide bracket, tighten the thru-bolts. Torque the thru-bolts to 72 lb-in. (8 Nm).
12. Remove the masking tape from the shaft end.
b
a
50339
a - Seal Tube
b - Thru-bolts
13. Install the inlet flange (a) along with a new gasket.
14. Secure the flange and gasket with two bolts and lockwashers. Torque the bolts to 132
lb-in. (15 Nm).
a
b
50421
a - Inlet Flange
b - Two Bolts and Lockwashers
INDEX
Page 8A-10
90-863160 MAY 2000
ACCESSORIES - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
15. If the piston seal is not pre-cut, make a diagonal cut/separation as shown.
50339
16. Install the O-ring in the O.D. groove in the piston.
17. Install the piston seal over the O-ring.
18. Install the snap ring on the shaft.
19. Make sure the snap ring is fully seated in its groove.
20. Install the O-ring onto the shaft.
21. Slide the O-ring down to the snap ring.
22. Slide the piston onto the shaft. Secure the piston with a snap ring.
23. Ensure the snap ring is fully seated in its groove.
c
h
a
f
g
b
f
a
50339
b
e
c
i
d
g
i
h
d
a
b
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
50424
50423
- Piston Seal
- O-ring (Under Piston Seal)
- Snap Ring (Outer)
- O-ring (On Shaft)
- Casting Number (This Side In, Toward The End Plate)
- Piston
- Shaft
- End Plate/Housing
- Snap Ring (Inner)
Page 8A-11
ACCESSORIES - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
24. Install a new O-ring onto the shaft end plug.
25. Lightly lubricate the O-ring with 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon and insert the plug
into the shaft end. Be careful not to damage the O-ring. A damaged O-ring will cause
a vacuum leak.
26. Align the cotter pin holes and secure the end plug to the shaft with a cotter pin. Spread
both ends of the cotter pin.
a
b
c
50422
c
d
50424
50423
a
b
c
d
- O-ring
- Shaft End Cap
- Cotter Hole(s)
- Cotter Pin Ends
27. Liberally apply 2-4-C Marine Lubricant with Teflon to each side of the slide rails and
wheel.
a
b
50426
a - Slide Rails
b - Wheel
28. Install a paper gasket onto the end plate. Hold the gasket in place with 2-4-C Marine
Lubricant with Teflon.
INDEX
Page 8A-12
90-863160 MAY 2000
ACCESSORIES - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
29. Attach the cylinder to the end plate with 4 bolts and lock washers. Torque the bolts to
204-276 lb-in. (23-31 Nm).
d
a
c
50425
b
50339
a
b
c
d
- Cylinder
- End Plate
- 4 Bolts and Lockwashers
- Paper Gasket
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 8A-13
ACCESSORIES - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Shift Cable Replacement and Adjustment
Installation Preparation
If installing a new shift cable(s), complete the hookup to the remote control and route the
shift cable(s) before starting the following procedures.
Shift Cable Barrel Adjustment
1. Shift the remote control into NEUTRAL.
2. Push in on the input shift cable end guide with enough pressure to remove free-play and
mark position “a” on the tube.
3. Pull out on the input shift cable end guide with enough pressure to remove free-play and
mark position “b.”
4. Measure the distance between marks “a” and “b,” then mark position “c” halfway between them. Position “c” marks the center of free-play.
5. Position the cable end guide at the center of free-play.
6. Adjust the barrel so that the distance between the centerline of the cable end guide
mounting hole, and the centerline of the cable barrel hole is 71/16 in. (179 mm) apart (with
the end guide in position “c”).
b
c
71/16 in.
a
c
22024
a - Position “a”
b - Position “b”
c - Position “c”
INDEX
Page 8A-14
90-863160 MAY 2000
ACCESSORIES - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Installing Input Cable
1. Install the input cable as shown. Take care not to change the position of the barrel.
2. Place a round felt plug in the valve guide bracket hole on top of the cable barrel.
50419
d
c
g
b
a
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
f
e
50176
- Input Cable Barrel
- Valve Guide Bracket
- Cable End Guide
- Cotter Pin
- Clevis Pin
- Input Cable Bracket
- Round Felt Plug
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 8A-15
ACCESSORIES - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Installing Output Cable
1. Install output cable as shown.
2. Place a rectangular felt spacer in the recess of the valve guide bracket.
50419
a
h
e
d
f
b
c
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
g
50176
- Output Cable Barrel
- Cotter Pin
- Yoke
- Threaded Stud
- Nut
- Valve Guide Bracket
- Output Cable End
- Rectangular Felt Spacer
Attach Dust Cover
1. Place the dust cover in to position. The slot in the cover should be on bottom when the
power shift cylinder is mounted to the boat.
2. Place clamps around each end of the cover. Tighten securely.
b
a
50151
a - Dust Cover
b - Clamps
NOTE: For shift cable adjustment, refer to Section 2A of this manual.
INDEX
Page 8A-16
90-863160 MAY 2000
ACCESSORIES - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
Mounting Power Shift Cylinder
1. Securely fasten the power shift cylinder to the boat with lag screws or bolts.
2. Fasten the input cable to the boat. Do not fasten the cable within 18 in. (457 mm) of the
power shift cylinder.
IMPORTANT: Do not secure the output cable to the boat or any other cable or hose.
The outer conduit of the cable must be free to move back and forth when the unit is
shifted.
Connecting Vacuum Hose to Engine
IMPORTANT: Keep the vacuum hose in as straight an incline, from the cylinder to the
engine hose fitting, as possible. Avoid a sag (low spot) in the hose.
1. Connect the vacuum hose to power shift cylinder, as shown.
2. Securely tighten the hose clamp.
b
a
50152
a - Vacuum Hose
b - Hose Clamp
3. If replacing the vacuum hose, cut the hose to the length required.
INDEX
90-863160 MAY 2000
Page 8A-17
ACCESSORIES - ALL MODELS
SERVICE MANUAL NUMBER 28
4. Place the hose clamp over the end of the hose and slide the hose over the fitting. Tighten
the hose clamp securely.
b
a
c
d
50152
Engine WITHOUT Vacuum Gauge Installed
a - Vacuum Hose
b - Hose Clamp
c - Hose Connector Fitting
d - Reducer Fitting
a
d
c
b
e
50152
Engine WITH Vacuum Gauge Installed
a - Vacuum Gauge Line (To Instrument Panel)
b - T-fitting
c - Vacuum Hose (From Power Shift Cylinder)
d - Hose Clamp
e - Reducer Fitting
INDEX
Page 8A-18
90-863160 MAY 2000