Craftsman 944.362460 Owner`s manual

Owner's Manual
JCRIIFTSMIIH" _OWE R
ROTARY LAWN
6.5 Horsepower
21" Multi-Cut
Model No.
944.362460
CAUTION:
Read and follow all
Safety Rules and Instructions
before operating this equipment
Sears Canada, Inc., Toronto, Ontario M5B 2B8
Warranty .................................................
2
Safety Rules ........................................
2-4
Assembly/Pre-Operation
........................ 4
Operation .............................................
5-9
Maintenance Schedule ........................ 10
Maintenance ...................................
10-13
Product Specifications ..........................
11
Service and Adjustments ...................... 13
Storage ...........................................
14-15
Troubleshooting .............................
16-17
Repair Parts ....................................
18-23
Sears Service ........................ Back Cover
LIMITED TWO YEAR WARRANTY ON CRAFTSMAN power mower
For Two years from date of purchase Sears Canada, Inc. will repair or replace at Sears
option free of charge parts which are defective as a result of material or workmanship.
COMMERCIAL OR RENTAL USE:
Warranty on Power Mower (Gas) will be ninety (90) days from date of purchase if used
for commercial or rental purposes.
This Warranty does NOT cover:
• Pre-delivery set-up.
• Expendable items which become worn during normal use, such as rotary mower
blades, blade adapters, belts, air cleaners and spark plug.
• Repairs necessary because of operator abuse or negligence, including bent
crankshafts and the failure to maintain the equipment according to the instructions
contained in the owner's manual.
Warranty service is available by returning the Craftsman Power Mower to the nearest
Sears Service Centre/Department in Canada. This warranty applies only while this
product is used in Canada.
This warranty is in addition to any statutory warranty and does not exclude or limit legal
rights you may have but shall run concurrently with applicable provincial legislation.
Furthermore, some provinces do NOT allow limitation on how long an implied warranty
will last so the above limitations may not apply to you.
SEARS CANADA, iNC., TORONTO, ONTARIO M5B 2B8
IMPORTANT" This cutting machine is capable of amputating hands and feet and
throwing objects. Failure to observe the following safety instructions could result in
serious injury or death.
I. GENERAL OPERATION
ALook for this symbol to point out
important safety precautions. It means
CAUTIONI!!
BECOMEALERTll!
YOUR
SAFETY IS INVOLVED.
A CAUTION:
Always disconnect spark
plug wire and place wire where it cannot
contact spark plug in order to prevent
accidental starting when setting up,
transporting, adjusting or making repairs.
CAUTION: Muffler
and other engine parts become extremely
hot during operation and remain hot after
engine has stopped. To avoid severe
burns on contact, stay away from these
areas.
• Read, understand, and follow all
instructions on the machine and in the
manual(s) before starting. Be thoroughly familiar with the controls and
the proper use of the machine before
starting.
• Do not put hands or feet near or under
rotating parts. Keep clear of the
discharge opening at all times.
• Only allow responsible individuals,
who are familiar with the instructions, to
operate the machine.
• Clear the area of objects such as
rocks, toys, wire, bones, sticks, etc.,
which could be picked up and thrown
by the blade.
• Be sure the area is clear of other
people before mowing. Stop machine if
anyone enters the area.
• Do not operate the mower when
barefoot or wearing open sandals.
2
Always wear substantial foot wear.
• Do not pull mower backwards unless
absolutely necessary. Always look
down and behind before and while
moving backwards.
• Do not operate the mower without
proper guards, plates, grass catcher or
other safety protective devices in place.
• See manufacturer's instructions for
proper operation and installation of
accessodes. Only use accessories
approved by the manufacturer.
• Stop the blade(s) when crossing gravel
drives, walks, or roads.
• Stop the engine (motor) whenever you
leave the equipment, before cleaning
the mower or unclogging the chute.
• Shut the engine (motor) off and wait
until the blade comes to complete stop
before removing grass catcher.
• Mow only in daylight or good artificial
light.
• Do not operate the machine while
under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
• Never operate machine in wet grass.
Always be sure of your footing: keep a
firm hold on the handle and walk; never
run.
• Disengage the self-propelled mechanism or drive clutch on mowers so
equipped before starting the engine
(motor).
• If the equipment should start to vibrate
abnormally, stop the engine (motor)
and check immediately for the cause.
Vibration is generally a warning of
trouble.
• Always wear safety goggles or safety
glasses with side shields when operating mower.
III. CHILDREN
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator
is not alert to the presence of children.
Children are often attracted to the
machine and the mowing activity. Never
assume that children will remain where
you last saw them.
• Keep children out of the tdmming area
and under the watchful care of another
responsible adult.
• Be alert and turn machine off if children
enter the area.
• Before and while walking backwards,
look behind and down for small
children.
• Never allow children to operate the
machine.
• Use extra care when approaching blind
corners, shrubs, trees, or other objects
that may obscure vision.
IV. SERVICE
• Use extra care in handling gasoline
and other fuels. They are flammable
and vapors are explosive.
- Use only an approved container.
- Never remove gas cap or add fuel
with the engine running. Allow
engine to cool before refueling. Do
not smoke.
-Never refuel the machine indoors.
- Never store the machine or fuel
container inside where there is an
open flame, such as a water heater.
• Never run a machine inside a closed
area.
• Never make adjustments or repairs with
the engine (motor) running. Disconnect
the spark plug wire, and keep the wire
away from the plug to prevent accidental starting.
• Keep nuts and bolts, especially blade
attachment bolts, tight and keep
equipment in good condition.
• Never tamper with safety devices.
Check their proper operation regularly.
• Keep machine free of grass, leaves, or
other debris build-up. Clean oil or fuel
spillage. Allow machine to cool before
storing.
• Stop and inspect the equipment if you
strike an object. Repair, if necessary,
before restarting.
• Never attempt to make wheel height
adjustments while the engine (motor) is
running.
II. SLOPE OPERATION
Slopes are a major factor related to slip
and fall accidents which can result in
severe injury. All slopes require extra
caution. If you feel uneasy on a slope, do
not mow it.
• Mow across the face of slopes: never
up and down. Exercise extreme caution
when changing direction on slopes.
• Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree
limbs, etc.
• Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps. Tall
grass can hide obstacles.
DO NOT:
• Do not trim near drop-offs, ditches or
embankments. The operator could lose
footing or balance.
• Do not trim excessively steep slopes.
• Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced
footing could cause slipping.
3
• Grass catcher components are subject
to wear, damage, and detedoratlon,
which could expose moving parts or
allow objects to be thrown. Frequently
check components and replace with
manufacturer's recommended pads,
when necessary.
• Mower blades are sharp and can cut.
Wrap the blade(s) or wear gloves, and
use extra caution when servicing them.
• Do not change the engine governor
setting or overspeed the engine.
Read these instructions and this manual
in its entirety before you attempt to
assemble or operate your new lawn
mower.
IMPORTANT:
This lawn mower is
shipped WITHOUT OIL OR GASOLINE in
the engine.
Your new lawn mower has been assembled at the factory with the exception
of those parts left unassembled for
shipping purposes. All parts such as
nuts, washers, bolts, etc., necessary to
complete the assembly have been placed
in the parts bag. To ensure safe and
proper operation of your lawn mower, all
parts and hardware you assemble must
be tightened securely. Use the correct
tools as necessary to ensure proper
tightness.
Your lawn mower handle can be adjusted
for your mowing comfort. Refer to
"ADJUST HANDLE" in the Service and
Adjustments section of this manual.
Operator prese
control bar
Upper
UP
UF
Mowing
position
Lower handle
TO REMOVE LAWN MOWER FROM
CARTON
TO ASSEMBLE
GRASS CATCHER
1. Put grass catcher frame into grass bag
with rigid part of bag on the bottom.
Make sure the frame handle is outside
of the bag top.
2. Slip vinyl bindings over frame.
NOTE: If vinyl bindings are too stiff, hold
them in warm water for a few minutes. If
bag gets wet, let it dry before using.
1. Remove loose parts included with
mower.
2. Cut down two end comers of carton
and lay end panel down flat.
3. Remove all packing materials except
padding between upper and lower
handle and padding holding operator
presence control bar to upper handle.
4. Roll lawn mower out of carton and
check carton thoroughly for additional
loose pads.
Catcher
frame
handle
HOW TO SET UP YOUR LAWN
MOWER
TO UNFOLD
HANDLE
IMPORTANT:
Unfold handles carefully so
as not to pinch or damage control cables.
1. Raise handles until lower handle
section locks into place in mowing
position.
2. Remove protective padding, raise
upper handle section into place on
lower handle and tighten both handle
knobs.
3. Remove handle padding holding
operator presence control bar to
upper handle.
Frame
opening
TO INSTALL ATTACHMENTS
Your lawn mower was shipped ready to
be used as a mulcher. To convert to
bagging or discharging, see _1-O CONVERT MOWER" in the Operation section
of this manual.
4
KNOW YOUR LAWN MOWER
READ THIS OWNER'S MANUALAND ALL SAFETY RULES BEFORE OPERATING YOUR
LAWN MOWER. Compare the illustrationswith your lawn mower to familiarize yourself with
the location of various controls and adjustments. Save this manual for future reference.
•rhesesymbolsmayappearon yourlawnmoweror In iteraturesuppliedwllh1heIxoductI.mm _
undmlmd Ul_r memlng.
CAUTION
ENGINE
OR WARNING
ON
ENGINE
OFF
FAST
SLOW
CHOKE
"Operator
FUEL
OIL
DANGER, KEEP HANDS
AND FEET AWAY
presence control bar
knob
Starter
handle
Engine oil cap
with dipstick
Grass
catcher
Primer
Muffler
Housing
Gasoline filler cal
Mulcher
doo
Wheel adjuster
(on each wheel)
Air filter'
IMPORTANT:
This lawn mower is shipped WITHOUT OIL OR GASOLINE in the engine.
MEETS CPSC SAFETY REQUIREMENTS
Sears rotary walk-behind power lawn mowers conform to the safety standards of the American
National Standards Institute and the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission. The blade
rums when the engine is running.
Operator presence control bar - must
be held down to the handle to start the
engine. Release to stop the engine.
Mulcher door - allows conversion to
discharging or bagging operation.
Primer- pumps additional fuel from the
carburetor to the cylinder for use when
starting a cold engine.
Starter handle - used for starting the
engine.
5
The operation of any lawn
mower can result in foreign
objects thrown into the
eyes, which can result in
severe eye damage.
Always wear safety glasses or eye
shields while operating your lawn mower
or performing any adjustments or repairs.
We recommend standard safety glasses
or a wide vision safety mask worn over
spectacles.
ENGINE SPEED
The engine speed was set at the factory
TO CONVERT
MOWER
Your lawn mower was shipped ready to
be used as a mulcher. To convert to
bagging or discharging:
REAR BAGGING
• Lift rear door of the lawn mower and
place the grass catcher frame hooks
onto the door pivot pins.
• To convert to mulching or discharging
operation, remove grass catcher and
close rear door.
Pivot pins
Rear
for optimum performance. Speed is not
adjustable.
ENGINE ZONE CONTROL
_IbCAUTION:
Federal regulations require
an engine control to be installed on this
lawn mower in order to minimize the risk
of blade contact injury. Do not under any
circumstances attempt to defeat the
function of the operator control. The blade
turns when the engine is running.
• Your lawn mower is equipped with an
operator presence control bar which
requires the operator to be positioned
behind the lawn mower handle to start
and operate the lawn mower.
TO ADJUST CUTTING HEIGHT
Raise wheels for low cut and lower
wheels for high cut, adjust cutting height
to suit your requirements. Medium
position is best for most lawns.
• To change cutting height, squeeze
adjuster lever toward wheel. Move
wheel up or down to suit your requirements. Be sure all wheels are in the
same setting.
NOTE: Adjuster is properly positioned
when plate tab inserts into hole in lever.
Also, 9-position adjusters (if so equipped)
allow lever to be positioned between the
plate tabs.
door
Catcher frame hook
SIDE DISCHARGING
• Rear door must be closed.
• Open mulcher door and install discharge deflector under door as shown.
• Mower is now ready for discharging
operation.
• To convert to mulching or bagging
operation, discharge deflector must be
removed and mulcher door must be
closed.
SIMPLE STEPS TO REMEMBER WHEN
CONVERTING YOUR LAWN MOWER
FOR MULCHING 1. Rear door closed.
2. Mulcher door closed.
FOR REAR BAGGING 1. Grass catcher installed.
2. Mulcher door closed.
FOR SIDE DISCHARGING 1. Rear door closed.
2. Side discharge deflector installed.
ACAUTION:
Do not run your lawn
mower without rear door closed, clipping
deflector or approved grass catcher in
place. Never attempt to operate the lawn
mower with the rear door removed or
propped open.
LOWER WHEELS FOR HIGH CUT
Jd_
_
Plate tab ...l_-_'-"<_.__lr
RAISE WHEELS
FOR LOW CUT
Grass
catcher
handle
Lever
6
TO EMPTY GRASS CATCHER
1. Lift up on grass catcher using the
frame handle.
2. Remove grass catcher with clippings
from under lawn mower handle.
3. Empty clippings from bag using both
frame handle and bag handle.
NOTE: Do not drag the bag when
emptying; it will cause unnecessary wear.
/
mutcher door
Grass
catcher
frame
handle
Bag
handle
Discharge
deflector
7
BEFORE STARTING ENGINE
ADD OIL
Your lawnmower is shipped without oil in
the engine. For type and grade of oil to
use, see =ENGINE" in the Maintenance
section of this manual.
CAUTION: DO NOT overfill engine with
oil, or it will smoke on startup.
1. Be sure lawnmower is level and area
around oil fill is clean.
2. Remove oil dipstick from oil fill spout.
Make sure that rim of spout is clean.
3. You receive a container of oil with the
unit. Slowly pour 3/4 (15 oz.) of the oil
from the container down the oil fill
spout into the engine.
4. Wait one minute to allow oil to settle.
Insert and tighten dipstick, then
remove it to chock oil level.
5. Continue adding small amounts of oil
and rechecking the dipstick until it
reads full. DO NOT overfill, or engine
will smoke on startup.
6. Always be sure to retighten oil dipstick
before starting engine.
• Check oil level before each use. Add
oil if needed. Fill to full line on dipstick.
• Change the oil after every 25 hours of
operation or each season. You may
need to change the oil more often
under dusty, dirty conditions.
A CAUTION: Wipe off any spilled'oil or
fuel. Do not store, spill or use gasoline
near an open flame.
A CAUTION: Alcohol blended fuels
(called gasohol or using ethanol or
methanol) can attract moisture which
leads to separation and formation of
acids during storage. Acidic gas can
damage the fuel system of an engine
while in storage. To avoid engine
problems, the fuel system should be
emptied before storage of 30 days or
longer. Drain the gas tank, start the
engine and let it run until the fuel lines
and carburetor are empty. Use fresh fuel
next season. See Storage Instructions for
additional information. Never use engine
or carburetor cleaner products in the fuel
tank or permanent damage may occur.
TO START
ENGINE
NOTE: Due to protective coatings on the
engine, a small amount of smoke may be
present during the initial use of the
product and should be considered
normal.
1. To start a cold engine, push primer
three (3) times before trying to start.
Use a firm push. This step is not
usually necessary when starting an
engine which has already run for a
few minutes.
2. Hold operator presence control bar
down to the handle.
3. Turn electric start key clockwise to
crank engine.
IMPORTANT:
Do not crank engine more
than five continous seconds between
each time you try to start. Wait 5 to 10
seconds between each attempt.
1. To start engine using the auxiliary
starter handle, follow the steps above.
Exchange the use of the start key for
starter handle. Pull starter handle
quickly. Do not allow starter rope to
snap back.
oil cap
filler cap
(Discard
debris plug
inside)
ADD GASOLINE
TO STOP ENGINE
NOTE: Before filling fuel tank, remove
and discard the debris plug that is inside
the tank.
• Fill fuel tank to bottom of tank filler
neck. Do not overfilL Use fresh, clean,
regular unleaded gasoline with a
minimum of 87 octane. Do not mix oil
with gasoline. Purchase fuel in
quantities that can be used within 30
days to assure fuel freshness.
•
To stop engine, release operator
presence control bar.
NOTE: in cooler weather it may be
necessary to repeat priming steps. In
warmer weather over priming may cause
flooding and engine will not start. If you
do flood engine wait a few minutes before
attempting to start and do not repeat
priming steps.
8
MOWING TIPS
• Under certain conditions, such as very
tall grass, it may be necessary to raise
the height of cut to reduce pushing
effort and to keep from ovedoeding the
engine and leaving clumps of grass
clippings. It may also be necessary to
reduce ground speed and/or run the
lawn mower over the area a second
time.
• For extremely heavy cutting, reduce the
width of cut by overlapping previously
cut path and mow slowly.
• For better grass bagging and most
cutting conditions, the engine speed
should be set in the fast position.
• Pores in cloth grass catchers can
become filled with dirt and dust with
use and catchers will collect less grass.
To prevent this, regularly hose catcher
off with water and let dry before using.
• Keep top of engine around starter clear
and clean of grass clippings and chaff.
This will help engine air flow and
extend engine life.
MULCHING MOWING TIPS
IMPORTANT: For bestpedonnance,keep
mower housingfree of built-upgrassand
trash.See "CLEANING" in the Maintenance
sectionof thismanual.
• The special mulching blade will recur
the grass clippings many times and
reduce them in size so that as they fall
onto the lawn they will disperse into the
grass and not be noticed. Also, the
mulched grass will biodegrade quickly
to provide nutrients for the lawn.
Always mulch with your highest engine
(blade) speed as this will provide the
best recutting action of the blades.
• Avoid cutting your lawn when it is wet.
Wet grass tends to form clumps and
interferes with the mulching action.
The best time to mow your lawn is the
early afternoon. At this time the grass
has dded and the newly cut area will
not be exposed to the direct sun.
• For best results, adjust the lawn mower
cutting height so that the lawn mower
cuts off only the top one-third of the
grass blades. If the lawn is overgrown
it will be necessary to raise the height
of cut to reduce pushing effort and to
keep from overloading the engine and
leaving clumps of mulched grass. For
extremely heavy grass, reduce your
width of cut by overlapping previously
cut path and mow slowly.
MAXI_
• Certain types of grass and grass
conditions may require that an area be
mulched a second time to completely
hide the clippings. When doing a
second cut, mow across or perpendicular to the first cut path.
• Change your cutting pattern from week
to week. Mow north to south one week
then change to east to west the next
week. This will help prevent matting
and graining of the lawn.
9
.A,NTENANCESCHEDULE
,s COM
_'___"_
_,_
0
0
._5
REGULAR SERVICE
O_)
E DATES
Check for Loose Fasteners
Clean/InspectGrassCatcher
(If Equipped)
Clean
Lawn Mower
Lawn
Clean Under DriveCover
(Power-Propelled Mowers)
ddve belt/pulleys
W Check
{Power-Propelled
Mowers)
(Power-PropelledMowers)
R ChecWSharpen/Rspla_
ChecWSharpen/RsplaceBlade
Lubdcalton
LubdcaltonChart
Chart
Clean Battery/Recharge
IElectdc
Start
Mowers)
V
i/_
..
I_'
3
!_
I_
_/'4
Check EngineOil Level
EN Change
3beckEngine¢
EngineOil
ChangeEngine
lI/1.2
G
Clean Air Rlter
I# / 2
I
InspectMuffler
N Cieanor ReplaceSpark Plug
ReplaceAir FilterPaper Cartridge
1
2
3
4
11_'2
- Change more often when operatingunder a heavy toador in high ambientt_mperatures,
* Service more often when operatingin dirty or dustyconditions.
- Replace blades more olten when mowingin sandysoil,
- Charge 48 hoursat end ofseason.
GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS
LUBRICATION
The warranty on this lawn mower does
not cover items that have been subjected
to operator abuse or negligence. To
receive full value from the warranty,
operator must maintain mower as
instructed in this manual.
Some adjustments will need to be made
periodically to propedy maintain your
unit.
All adjustments in the Service and
Adjustments section of this manual
should be checked at least once each
season.
• Once a year, replace the spark plug,
replace air filter element and check
blade for wear. A new spark plug and
clean/new air filter element assure
proper air-fuel mixture and help your
engine run better and last longer.
• Follow the maintenance schedule in
this manual.
BEFORE
Wheel
adjuster (on
each wheel)
(
Engine oil
I
f-_.
I
[
I
\
aulcher
)
door hinge pin
J
Rear door
hinge
(!)
Handle bracket mounting pins
(_ Spray lubricant
(_) See "ENGINE"
EACH USE
• Check engine oil level.
• Check for loose fasteners.
LUBRICATION
Keep unit well lubricated
CATION CHART"),
CHART
(See =LUBRI-
10
in Maintenance
section.
IMPORTANT:
Do not oil or grease
plastic wheel bearings. Viscous
lubricants will attract dust and dirt that
will shorten the life of the self-lubricating bearings. If you feel they must be
lubricated, use only a dry, powdered
graphite type lubricant sparingly.
)RODUCT
SPECIFICATIONS
Sedal Number:
Date of Purchase:
Gasoline Capacity / Type:
1.6 Quarts (unleaded regular)
Oil Type (API-SF-SJ):
SAE 30 (above 32°F); SAE 5W-30 (below 32°F)
Oil Capacity:
20 Ounces
Spark Plug (Gap: .030")
Champion
Blade Bolt Torque:
35-40 ft. Ibs.
RJ19LM
• The model and serial numbers will be found on a decal on the rear of the mower
housing. Record both serial number and date of purchase in space provided above
LAWN MOWER
Always observe safety rules when performing any maintenance.
TIRES
• Keep tires free of gasoline, oil, or insect
control chemicals which can harm rubber.
• Avoid stumps, stones, deep ruts, sharp
objects and other hazards that may cause
tire damage.
BLADE CARE
For best results, mower blade must be
kept sharp. Replace bent or damaged
blades.
TO REMOVE BLADE
1. Disconnect spark plug wire from spark
plug and place wire where it cannot
come in contact with spark plug.
2. Turn lawn mower on its side. Make
sure air filter and carburetor are up.
3. Use a wood block between blade and
mower housing to prevent blade from
turning when removing blade bolt.
NOTE: Protect your hands with gloves
and/or wrap blade with heavy cloth.
4. Remove blade bolt by turning counterclockwise.
5. Remove blade and attaching hardware (bolt, lock washer and hardened
washer).
NOTE: Remove the blade adapter and
check the key inside hub of blade
adapter. The key must be in good condition to work properly. Replace adapter if
damaged.
(opposite sharp edge) is up toward
the engine.
4. Install the blade bolt with the lock
washer and hardened washer into
blade adapter and crankshaft.
5. Use block of wood between blade and
lawn mower housing and tighten the
blade bolt, turning clockwise.
• The recommended tightening torque is
35-40 ft. Ibs.
IMPORTANT:
Blade bolt is grade 8 heat
treated.
TO SHARPEN BLADE
NOTE: We do not recommend sharpening blade - but if you do, be sure the
blade is balanced.
Care should be taken to keep the blade
balanced. An unbalanced blade will
cause eventual damage to lawn mower
or engine.
• The blade can be sharpened with a file
or on a grinding wheel. Do not attempt
to sharpen while on the mower.
• To check blade balance, drive a nail
into a beam or wall. Leave about one
inch of the straight nail exposed. Place
center hole of blade over the head of
the nail. If blade is balanced, it should
remain in a horizontal position. If either
end of the blade moves downward,
sharpen the heavy end until the blade
is balanced.
Blade adaptel
TO REPLACE BLADE
1. Position the blade adapter on the
engine crankshaft. Be sure key in
adapter and crankshaft keyway are
aligned.
2. Position blade on the blade adapter
aligning the two (2) holes in the blade
with the raised lugs on the adapter,
3. Be sure the trailing edge of blade
Crankshaft
Blade
:rank
shaft
Blade
bolt Hardene
11
washer
Trailing edge
Blade adapter
GRASS
6. Reconnect spark plug wire to spark
plug.
CATCHER
• The grass catcher may be hosed with
water, but must be dry when used.
• Check your grass catcher often for
damage or deterioration. Through
normal use it will wear. if catcher
needs replacing, replace only with a
manufacturer approved replacement
catcher. Give the lawn mower model
number when ordering.
ENGINE
Containel
LUBRICATION
Use only high quality detergent oil rated
with API service classification SF-SJ.
Select the oil's SAE viscosity grade
according to your expected operating
temperature.
AIR FILTER
Your engine will not run properly and may
be damaged by using a dirty air filter.
Replace the air filter every 100 hours of
operation or every season, whichever
occurs first. Service air cleaner more
often under dusty conditions.
SAE VISCOSITY GRADES
F
-20
c 30
0
-_
30
-+0
32
o
40
60
lo
80
2o
3o
4o
TEMPERATURE RANGE ANTICIPATED BEFORE NEXT OIL CHANGE
NOTE: Although multi-viscosity oils
(5W30, 10W30 etc.) improve starting in
cold weather, these multi-viscosity oils
will result in increased oil consumption
when used above 32°E Check your
engine oil level more frequently to avoid
possible engine damage from running
low on oil.
Change the oil after every 25 hours of
operation or at least once a year if the
lawn mower is not used for 25 hours in
one year.
Check the crankcase oil level before
starting the engine and after each five (5)
hours of continuous use. Tighten oil plug
securely each time you check the oil
level.
TO CHANGE
TO
1.
2.
3.
A
CLEAN AIR FILTER
Loosen screw and tilt cover to remove.
Carefully remove cartridge.
Clean by gently tapping on a flat
surface. If very dirty, replace cartridge.
CAUTION: Petroleum solvents, such as
kerosene, are not to be used to clean
cartridge. They may cause deterioration of
the cartridge. Do not oil cartridge. Do not
use pressurized air to clean or dry
cartridge.
4. Install cartridge, then replace cover
making sure the tabs are aligned with
the slots in the back plate. Fasten
screw securely.
Back
ENGINE OIL
NOTE: Before tipping lawn mower to
drain oil, drain fuel tank by running
engine until fuel tank is empty.
1. Disconnect spark plug wire from spark
plug and place wire where it cannot
come in contact with spark plug.
2. Remove engine oil cap; lay aside on a
clean surface.
3. Tip lawn mower on its side as shown
and drain oil into a suitable container.
Rock lawn mower back and forth to
remove any oil trapped inside of
engine.
4. Wipe off any spilled oil from lawn
mower or side of engine.
5. Fill engine with oil. (See "ADD OIL" in
the Operation section of this manual).
Cover
Cover
tabs
MUFFLER
Inspect and replace corroded muffler as it
could create a fire hazard and/or damage.
SPARK PLUG
Replace spark plugs at the beginning of
each mowing season or after every 100
hours of operation, whichever occurs first.
Spark plug type and gap setting are
shown in "PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS"
in Maintenance section of this manual.
12
CLEANING
IMPORTANT:
For best performance,
keep mower housing free of built-up
grass and trash. Clean the underside of
your mower after each use.
ACAUTION:
Disconnect spark plug wire
from spark plug and place wire where it
cannot come in contact with the spark
plug.
• Clean the underside of your lawn mower
by scraping to remove build-up of grass
and trash.
• Clean engine oftan to keep trash from
accumulating.A doggedengineruns
hotter and shortens engine ge.
• Keep finished surfaces and wheels free of
all gasoline, oil, etc.
• We do not recommend using a garden
hose to clean lawn mower unless the
electrical system, muffler, air filter and
carburetor are covered to keep water out.
Water in engine can result in shortened
engine life.
AWARNING:
To avoid serious injury,
before performing any service or adjustments:
1. Release control bar and stop engine.
2. Make sure the blade and all moving
parts have completely stopped.
3. Disconnect spark plug wire from spark
plug and place where it cannot come
in contact with plug.
LAWN MOWER
TO ADJUST CUTTING HEIGHT
See TO ADJUST CUTTING HEIGHT" in
the Operation section of this manual.
REAR DEFLECTOR
Handle
knob
The rear deflector, attached between the
rear wheels of your mower, is provided to
minimize the possibility that objects will
be thrown out of the rear of the mower
into the operator mowing position. If the
deflector becomes damaged, it should be
replaced.
TO ADJUST HANDLE
ENGINE SPEED
Your engine speed has been factory set.
Do not attempt to increase engine speed
or it may result in personal injury. If you
believe that the engine is running too fast
or too slow, take your lawn mower to a
Sears or other qualified service center for
repair and adjustment.
CARBURETOR
The upper handle may be adjusted to
four (4) different height positions.
1. Loosen both handle knobs only
enough to allow the upper handle to
pivot to the desired adjustment
position.
2. Tighten both handle knobs securely.
Your carburetor is not adjustable. If your
engine does not operate properly due to
suspected carburetor problems, take your
lawn mower to a Sears or other qualified
service center for repair or adjustment.
IMPORTANT:
Never tamper with the
engine governor, which is factory set for
proper engine speed. Overspeeding the
engine above the factory high speed
setting can be dangerous. If you think the
engine-governed high speed needs
adjusting, contact a Sears or other
qualified service center, which has proper
equipment and experience to make any
necessary adjustments.
13
Immediately prepare your lawn mower for
storage at the end of the season or if the
unit will not be used for 30 days or more.
LAWN MOWER
• When setting up your handle from the
storage position, the lower handle will
automatically lock into the mowing
position.
When lawn mower is to be stored for a
pedod of time, clean it thoroughly, remove
all dirt, grease, leaves, etc. Store in a
clean, dry area.
1. Clean entire lawn mower (See
=CLEANING" in the Maintenance
section of this manual).
2. Lubricate as shown in the Maintenance section of this manual.
3. Be sure that all nuts, bolts, screws,
and pins are securely fastened.
Inspect moving parts for damage,
breakage and wear. Replace if
necessary.
4. Touch up all rusted or chipped paint
surfaces; sand lightly before painting.
HANDLE
SQUEEZE
TO FOLD
Operator
control bar
You can fold your lawn mower handle for
storage.
1. Squeeze the bottom ends of the lower
handle toward each other until the
lower handle clears the handle
bracket, then move handle forward.
2. Loosen upper handle mounting bolts
enough to allow upper handle to be
folded back.
IMPORTANT:
When folding the handle
for storage or transportation, be sure to
fold the handle as shown or you may
damage the control cables.
Upper
Lower
FOLD
BACKWARD
position
14
ENGINE
FUEL SYSTEM
IMPORTANT:
It is important to prevent
gum deposits from forming in essential
fuel system parts such as carburetor, fuel
filter, fuel hose or tank during storage.
Also, alcohol blended fuels (called
gasohol or using ethanol or methanol)
can attract moisture which leads to
separation and formation of acids during
storage. Acidic gas can damage the fuel
system of an engine while in storage.
1. Drain the fuel tank.
2. Start the engine and let it run until the
fuel lines and carburetor are empty.
• Never use engine or carburetor cleaner
products in the fuel tank or permanent
damage may occur.
• Use fresh fuel next season.
NOTE: Fuel stabilizer is an acceptable
alternative in minimizing the formation of
fuel gum deposits during storage. Add
stabilizer to gasoline in fuel tank or
storage container. Always follow the mix
ratio found on stabilizer container. Run
engine at least 10 minutes after adding
stabilizer to allow the stabilizer to reach
the carburetor. Do not drain the gas tank
and carburetor if using fuel stabilizer.
ENGINEOIL
Drain oil (with engine warm) and replace
with clean engine oil, (See =ENGINE" in
the Maintenance section of this manual).
CYLINDER
1. Remove spark plug.
2. Pour one ounce (29 ml) of oil through
spark plug hole into cylinder.
3. Pull starter handle slowly a few times
to distribute oil.
4. Replace with new spark plug.
OTHER
• Do not store gasoline from one season
to another.
• Replace your gasoline can if your can
starts to rust. Rust and/or dirt in your
gasoline will cause problems.
• If possible, store your unit indoors and
cover it to protect it from dust and dirt.
• Cover your unit with a suitable protective cover that does not retain moisture.
Do not use plastic. Plastic cannot
breathe, which allows condensation to
form and will cause your unit to rust.
IMPORTANT:
Never cover mower while
engine and exhaust areas are still warm.
_CAUTION:
Never store the lawn
mower with gasoline in the tank inside a
building where fumes may reach an open
flame or spark. Allow the engine to cool
before storing in any enclosure.
15
TROUBLESHOOTING
to a Sears
Servlce
PROBLEM
Does not start
- See appropriate
section In manual unless directed
Center.
CAUSE
CORRECTION
1. Dirty air filter.
2. Out of fuel.
3. Stale fuel.
4. Water in fuel,
5. Spark plug wire Js
disconnected,
6. Bad spark plug.
7, Loose blade or broken
blade adapter.
8. Control bar in released
position.
9. Control bar defective.
10. Fuel valve lever (if so
equipped) is in the OFF
position.
16
1. Clean/replace air filter.
2. Fill fuel tank.
3. Drain tank and refill with
fresh, clean fuel.
4. Drain fuel tank and
carburetor and refill tank
with fresh gasoline.
5. Connect wire to plug.
6. Replace spark plug.
7. Tighten blade bolt or
replace blade adapter.
8. Depress control bar to
handle.
9. Replace control bar.
10.Turn fuel valve lever
to the ON position.
TROUBLESHOOTING - See appropriate section in manual unless directed
:oa Sears Service Center.
PROBLEM
Loss of power
CAUSE
CORRECTION
Rear of housing or blade
dragging in heavy grass.
2. Cutting too much grass.
lg
3. Dirty air filter.
4. Buildup of grass, leaves,
and trash under mower.
5. Too much oil in engine.
6. Walking speed too fast.
Poorcutuneven
1. Worn, bent or loose blade.
2. Wheel heights uneven.
3. Buildup of grass, leaves
and trash under mower.
Excessive
vibration
1. Worn, bent or loose blade.
2. Bent engine crankshaft.
Starter rope
hard to pull
.
.
Engine flywheel brake is
on when control bar is
released.
Bent engine crankshaft.
3. Blade adapter broken.
4. Blade dragging in grass.
1. Set to "Higher Cut" position.
2. Set to "Higher Cut"
position.
3, Clean/replace air filter.
4. Clean underside of mower
housing.
5. Check oil level.
6. Cut at slower walking
speed.
1. Replace blade. Tighten
blade bolt.
2. Set all wheels at same
height.
3. Clean underside of
mower housing.
1. Replace blade. Tighten
blade bolt.
2. Contact a Sears or other
qualified service center.
1. Depress control bar to
upper handle before
pulling starter rope.
2. Contact a Sears or other
qualified service center.
3. Replace blade adapter.
4. Move lawn mower to cut
grass or to hard surface.
Grass catcher
not tilling (If so
equipped)
Cutting height too low.
2. Lift on blade wom off.
3. Catcher not venting air.
1. Raise cutting height.
2. Replace blade.
3. Clean grass catcher.
Hard to push
1. Grass is too high or wheel
height is too low.
2. Rear of housing or blade
dragging in heavy grass.
3. Grass catcher too full.
4. Handle height position not
right for you.
1. Raise cutting height.
,
17
2. Raise rear of mower housing
one (1) setting higher.
3. Empty grass catcher.
4. Adjust handle height to
suit.
CRAFTSMAN
ROTARY LAWN MOWER-8
23
MODEL NUMBER 944.362460
44
\
37
43
33
44
_I
25
21
3O
33
-34
41
68
36
24
19
24
47
\
67
15
co
58
27
20
58
56
40
38
37
30
g
45
"f
16
47
10
5
CRAFTSMAN
_D
ROTARY LAWN MOWER--
KEY PART
NO. NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
2O
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
3O
31
32
33
34
ControlBar
Upper Handle, with Grip
Lower Handle
Rope Guide
Lecknut 1/4-20
Handle Bolt
Wim'l'ie
Grip, Foam
Hinge Bracket
MulcherDoor
Engine Zone Control Cable
Hex Washer Head Screw
Up-Stop Bracket
HandleKnob
Hairpin Cotter
Hinge ROd
Support Bracket
Screw
Axle Arm Assembly - LF
Axle Arm Assembly - RF
Rear Skirt
Selector Spring - Front
Rear Door Assembly Kit (Incl. Springs)
Locknut 5/16-18
Handle Bracket Assembly (Left)
Handle Bracket Assembly (Right)
Screw 1/4-20 x 3/8
Hinge Spring
Wheal Adjusting Bracket - Front
Washer
Clip on Discharge Guard
Selector Spring - Rear
Selector Knob
Axle Arm Assembly - LR
181405
181472
169708X479
179585
636O1
171407
66426
164265
154132
165754
175148
750634
850733X004
181202
51793
147286
165946X479
17600406
167132X004
167133X004
165858
168360X004
166875
751153
166111 X479
166112X479
851856
152124
160835X007
19112206
165760
180077X004
181674
181214X004
MODEL NUMBER 944.362460
I_EY PART
NO. NO.
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
52
179752
160828
180183
180541
83923
182578
88652
165766
165767
165912
150406
107339X
182577
181215X004
179753
181680
53
54
55
56
57
58
67
68
70
851084
850263
851074
175064
851514
57143
181367
180332
- - -
71
- - - -
132004
162300
182141
182142
DESCRIPTION
Handle AdjusterAssembly,LH
ShoulderBolt5/16-18
WheelAssembly,Rear
Wheel Assembly,Front
FlangedLocknut
Hubcap
HingeScrew
Spring(LH)
Spdng(RH)
DoorBolt
Hex Head Thread RollingScrew 3/8-16 x 1
DangerDscal
Hubcap
Axle Arm Assembly- RR
HandleAdjusterAssembly,RH
HousingAssembly
(IncludesKey Numbers 17, 18 and 46)
Hex Head Screw3/8-24 x 1-3/8 Grade 8
HelicalI ockwasher
HardenedWasher
21" Blade
BladeAdapter
Washer,Wave
GrassBag
CatcherFrame
Engine,Briggs& Strstton,Model Number
123K02-O181-E1(Sea Breakdown)
Nut,Hex
WarningDecal(Not Shown)
Owners Manual,English
Owner'sManual,French
NOTE: Allcomponentdimensionsgivenin U.S. inches.
1 inch= 25.4 mm
BRIGGS
& STRATTON
4-CYCLE
11019
LABEL
K,T
I
ENGINE
MODEL NUMBER 123K02-0181-E1
6_
525
524
5
307_
1_
34
24
33
741
43
20
BRIG'S
& STRAI-rON
4-CYCLE
ENGINE
MODEL NUMBER 123K02-0181-E1
969|
188
921
3O4
425
305
443
968
977 CARBURETOR
GASKET SET
%
633_
365
137
127_
276_
130
I
J
617
276
21
BRIGGS & STRATTON
4-CYCLE
ENGINE
MODEL NUMBER 123K02-0181-E1
I
689 O
6
456
1036
58T
EMISSIONS
LABEL
I_'Y
NO.
PART
NO.
1
2
3
4
5
7
8
9
10
11
697322
399269
299819
493279
691160
692249
695250
696125
691125
691781
DESCRIPTION
Cylinder Assembly
Kit, Bushing/Seal
• Seal, Oil, Magneto Side
Sump, Engine
Head, CyUnder
• Gasket, Cylinder Head
Breather Assembly
Gasket, Breather
Screw, Breather Asssmbly
Tube, Breather
22
KEY
NO.
PART
NO.
12
13
15
16
20
22
23
24
25
692232
690912
691680
691451
399781
691092
692315
222698
697339
697340
697341
697342
DESCRIPTION
• Gasket, Crankcasa
Screw,CylinderHead
Plug, OII Drain
Crankshaft
• Seal, Oil, PTO Side
Screw,EngineSump
Fiywhe(_
Key, Flywheel
PistonAssembly,Standard
Piston Assembly,.010" Oversize
PistonAssembly,.020" Oversize
PistonAssembly,.030" Oversize
BF_IG'GS & STRATTON
K]EY PART
NO. NO.
26
27
28
29
32A
33
34
35
36
37
4O
43
45
46
48
5O
51
54
55
58
6O
65
78
81
96
97
104
117
118
121
125
127
130
133
134
137
146
159
163
187
188
190
2O2
209
222
227
276
287
300
3O4
305
306
307
332
333
334
337
356
358
363
365
383
404
4-CYCLE
ENGINE
DESCRIPlrlON
499425
499426
499427
499428
691866
499423
499424
691664
695759
262651
2626.52
691270
691270
694086
692194
691997
690548
691449
498826
Ring Set, Piston,Standard
Ring Set, Piston,.010" Oversize
Ring Set, Piston,.020" Oversize
Ring Set, Piston,.030" Oversize
Lock, PistonPin
Pin, Piston
Rod,Connecting
Screw,ConnectingRod
Screw,ConnectingRod
Valve, Exhaust
Valve, Intake
Spring,Valve, Intake
Spdng,Valve, Exhaust
Guard,Flywheel
Retainer,Valve
Slinger,Governor/Oil
Tappet,Valve
Camshaft
ShortBlock(ReplacementEngine,
ModelNumber123K02-0015-E1)
497465
Manifold,Intake
272199 • Gasket, Intake
691650
Screw, Intake Manifold
691421
Housing,RewindStarter
692259
Rope, Starter (Cut to Length)
281434
Grip, Starter Rope
690837
Screw, RewindStarter
691108
Screw, FlywheelGuard
691740
Lock,MufflerScrew
691636
Screw,ThrottleValve
696565
Shaft, ThrotUe
691242 O Pin,FloatHinge
498978
Jet, Main, Standard
497466
Jet, Main, High Altitude
498260
Kit,CarburetorOverhaul
498170
Carburetor
694468 _ Plug,Welch
696564
Valve, Throttle
398187
Float,Carburetor
398188 Q Valve, Needle/Seat
693981 I_:1:Gasket-FloatBowl
690979
Key,Timing
691753
Bracket,AirCleaner Pdmer
272653.O:1:Gasket,AirCleaner
MODEL NUMBER 123K02-O181-E1
K]EY P/URnr
NO. NO.
DESCRIP11ON
425
443
445
455
456
459
5O5
523
524
525
529
562
584
585
592
597
601
6O8
613
615
616
690670
692523
491588
691219
692299
281595
231082
495264
692296
495265
691923
92613
692342
691879
690800
691696
95162
497680
691340
690340
691308
617
621
633
635
668
670
684
689
718
741
745
842
847
851
868
869
870
871
270344.0:[:
692310
691321 _:I:
66538
493823
•
692294
690345
691855
690959
691830
691648
691031
•
692017
493880
697338
691155
690380
262001
63709
697343
692135
695891
397974
496116
692298
690700
691669
495224
493640
694395
498261
494256
697456
692311
498144
498144
921
922
923
957
966
968
969
970
972
975
976
977
1019
1036
1059
1210
1211
691050
Line,Fuel (Cut to Required Length)
693399
Screw, Control Bracket
690940
Screw, Fuel Tank
691829
Link, Mechanical Governor
690319
Spdng, Governor
692001
Bracket, Control
690783
Control Lever-Governor
271716 _:1: SeaUngWasher
690940
Screw (Dipstick Tube
692038
Muffler
695892
Housing, Blower
691108
Screw, Blower Housing
690450
Shield, Cylinder
690345
Screw, Cylinder Shield
690662
Nut, Flywheel
802574
Armature, Magneto
691061
Screw, Armature
802592
Spark Plug
692390
Wire, Stop
497316
Engine Gasket Set
19069
Flywheel Puller
692524
Screw, Carburetor
89838
Wrench, Spark Plug
690272
Washer, Governor Crsnk
RPM Settings:
Screw, AirCleanerCover
Screw, AirCleaner PdmerBase
Filtar,AirCloanerCartridge
Cup, Flywheel
Plate, Pawl Fdctlon
Pawl, Ratchet
Nut,GovernorControlLever
Dipstick
° Seal, DipstickTube
Tube, Dipstick
Grommet
Bolt, GovernorControlLever
Cover, BreatherPassage
° Gasket, Breather Passage
Nut, RewindStarter
Screw, Pawi FdctionPlate
Clamp,Hose
Starter,Rewind
Screw, Muffler
Retainer,GovemorShaft
Crank,Govemor
Seal, O-Ring, Intake Manifold
Switch, Stop
Seal, Throttle Shaft
Boot, Spark Plug
Spacer (Includes 2)
Spacer, Fuel Tank
Screw, Breather Passage Cover
Spring, Fdction
Pin, Locating
Gear, Timing
Screw, Brake
Seal, O-Ring, Dipstick Tube
Assembly, Dipstick/Tube
Terminal, Spark Plug
Seal, Valve
Seat, Valve, Intake
Seat, Valve, Exhaust
Bushing, Guide, Exhaust
Bushing, Guide, Intake
Cover, Blower Housing
Spring, Brake
Brake
Cap, Fuel Tank
Base, Air Cleaner Pdmer
Cover, Air Cleaner
Screw, Blower Housing Cover
Screw, Air Cleaner Pdmer Bracket
Tank, Fuel
Bowl, Float
Palmer,Carburetor
Set, Carburetor Gasket
Kit, Label
Label, Emissions
Kit, Screw/Washer
Assembly, Pulley/Spring (Pulley)
Assembly, Pulley/Spring (Spdng)
LowSpeed:1900-2100
HighSpeed:3000-3200
Included in Engine Gasket Set, Key #358
_1 Includedin CarburetorOverhaul Kit,Key #121
:1: Included in Carburetor Gasket Set, Key #977
NOTE: All component dimensions given in U.S. inches
1 inch = 25.4 mm
23
Just Call:
1-800-4-MY-HOME ®
(1-800-469-4663)
24 hoursa day, 7 days a week
For the repairof majorbrand appliances In your own home...
no matterwho made it, no matter who sold itl
For your nearestSears Parts and Sentlce Iocat_n,
to bring in productslikevacuums, lawn equipment and electronics.
ForSeers Parts & Service,to orderthe replacemantparts,
accessoriesandowner'smanualsthatyouneedtodo-it-yourself,
To purchaseor inquireabout a Sears Maintenance Agreement, call:
1-800-361-6665
9 a.m. - 8 p.m. EST, Mort. - Fri., 4 p.m. SaL
Pour serviceen _s:
1-800-LE-FOYER "c
(1-800-533-6937)
_.lNmm.ca
HomeCen ®
®1 m Tmdernarl_ of Sesm, Roet)uck _I
_l_
182141
CO. used under llcense by Sears Caru_da
Mau_je de ¢ommen_ I d6po_e Oe _,
01.29.02
BY
Roeb_
snd Co. u_e
en ve_J d_ne lmmce _ _m
_
0Seam
Printedin
U.S.A.