Vaisala HUMICAP MMT310 User`s guide

USER'S GUIDE
Vaisala HUMICAP® Moisture and
Temperature Transmitter Series for Oil
MMT310
M210474EN-C
PUBLISHED BY
Vaisala Oyj
Street address:
Mailing address:
Phone:
Fax:
Vanha Nurmijärventie 21, FI-01670 Vantaa, Finland
P.O. Box 26, FI-00421 Helsinki, Finland
+358 9 8949 1
+358 9 8949 2227
Visit our Internet pages at www.vaisala.com.
© Vaisala 2014
No part of this manual may be reproduced, published or publicly displayed in any form
or by any means, electronic or mechanical (including photocopying), nor may its
contents be modified, translated, adapted, sold or disclosed to a third party without prior
written permission of the copyright holder. Translated manuals and translated portions
of multilingual documents are based on the original English versions. In ambiguous
cases, the English versions are applicable, not the translations.
The contents of this manual are subject to change without prior notice.
This manual does not create any legally binding obligations for Vaisala towards
customers or end users. All legally binding obligations and agreements are included
exclusively in the applicable supply contract or the General Conditions of Sale and
General Conditions of Service of Vaisala.
_________________________________________________________________________________
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1
GENERAL INFORMATION ............................................................................ 7
About This Manual ................................................................... 7
Contents of This Manual ....................................................... 7
Version Information ............................................................... 8
Related Manuals ................................................................... 8
Documentation Conventions ................................................. 8
Safety ......................................................................................... 9
ESD Protection ...................................................................... 9
Recycling ................................................................................ 10
Regulatory Compliances ....................................................... 10
Emissions ....................................................................... 10
Immunity ......................................................................... 10
Trademarks ............................................................................. 10
Software License .................................................................... 11
Warranty .................................................................................. 11
CHAPTER 2
PRODUCT OVERVIEW ................................................................................ 13
Introduction to MMT310 Series ............................................. 13
MMT310 Transmitter Parts ................................................. 15
Probe Options ..................................................................... 16
Filter Options ....................................................................... 16
CHAPTER 3
INSTALLATION ............................................................................................ 17
Mounting ................................................................................. 17
Selecting a Place for the Probe........................................... 17
Mounting the Transmitter /
Removing the Transmitter Unit ........................................... 18
Mounting the Transmitter with Optional Rain Shield ........... 19
Mounting the Rain Shield with
Larger Transmitter Mounting Plate...................................... 19
Mounting the MMT318 ........................................................ 20
Mounting for Pressurized Pipelines/Oils ............................. 20
Tightening the Clasp Nut ............................................... 21
Ball Valve Installation Kit for MMT318 ................................ 23
Sampling Cell for MMT318.................................................. 25
Mounting the MMT317 ........................................................ 25
MMT317 Probe with Swagelok Connector
for Tight-place Installations ............................................ 26
Connections ............................................................................ 28
Cable Wiring ........................................................................ 28
Power Supply Requirements ................................................ 29
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User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
CHAPTER 4
OPERATION ................................................................................................. 31
Power Supply .......................................................................... 31
Transmitter Start-Up ............................................................... 31
Serial Line and Analog Communication Options ................ 32
RS-232 Serial Port Connection ........................................... 32
USB Connection .................................................................. 33
Installing the Driver for the USB Cable .......................... 33
Connection to an MI70 Hand-held Indicator ........................ 34
Terminal Program Settings.................................................... 35
Opening a Serial/USB Connection with PuTTY ............. 35
List of Serial Commands ....................................................... 36
Measurement Output .............................................................. 38
Starting the Continuous Reading Output............................. 38
Stopping the Continuous Reading Output ........................... 38
Set Continuous Output Interval for RUN Mode ................... 38
Output Reading Once .......................................................... 39
Set Serial Interface Mode .................................................... 39
Serial Line Settings .............................................................. 40
Set Transmitter Address for Use in POLL Mode ................. 40
Temporarily Open Transmitter from POLL Mode
to Receive Serial Commands .............................................. 41
Set Transmitter in POLL Mode ............................................ 41
Output Formatting .................................................................. 42
Set Serial Output Format ..................................................... 42
Set Time and Date............................................................... 43
Add Time and Date to SEND and R Outputs ...................... 43
Select Metric or Nonmetric Output Units ............................. 44
Setting, Scaling and Testing the Analog Outputs ............... 44
Set Analog Outputs ............................................................. 44
Select Parameter for Analog Outputs.................................. 45
Scale Analog Outputs .......................................................... 46
Test Analog Outputs ............................................................ 46
Test Analog Outputs for Desired Readings ......................... 47
Set Error Outputs ................................................................. 47
Other Commands.................................................................... 48
Check Transmitter Settings ................................................. 48
Serial Bus Echo ................................................................... 49
All Devices in POLL Mode Send Their Addresses .............. 49
List Commands .................................................................... 49
Set Result Filtering .............................................................. 49
Reset Transmitter ................................................................ 50
Display Error Messages ...................................................... 50
CHAPTER 5
MAINTENANCE ............................................................................................ 51
Periodic Maintenance ............................................................. 51
Calibration Interval............................................................... 51
Replacing Consumables ........................................................ 51
Changing the Filter .............................................................. 51
Changing the Sensor ........................................................... 52
Clean the Sensor Before Storing the Transmitter ............... 53
Technical Support .................................................................. 53
4 ____________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
_________________________________________________________________________________
Product Returns ..................................................................... 53
CHAPTER 6
CALIBRATION AND ADJUSTMENT........................................................... 55
Preparations Before the Calibration .................................... 56
Relative Humidity Calibration and Adjustment
(in Two Points) .................................................................... 56
Low End Adjustment ...................................................... 57
High End Adjustment ..................................................... 58
Temperature Calibration and Adjustment
(in One Point) ...................................................................... 59
Revert Factory Calibration .................................................. 60
View Current Offset and Gain Adjustment .......................... 60
Relative Humidity Calibration after Sensor Change............ 61
Set Calibration Information Text.......................................... 61
Set Calibration Date ............................................................ 61
Analog Output Calibration ................................................... 62
Adjustment Using an MI70 Indicator .................................... 62
Starting MI70 Adjustment .................................................... 62
Adjusting RH with MI70 ....................................................... 63
1-point RH Adjustment ................................................... 63
2-point RH Adjustment ................................................... 63
LiCl – NaCl Automatic Adjustment ................................. 64
Adjusting T with MI70 .......................................................... 65
1-point T adjustment ...................................................... 65
2-point T adjustment ...................................................... 65
Environment Settings .......................................................... 66
Last Adjustment Date .......................................................... 66
CHAPTER 7
TECHNICAL DATA ...................................................................................... 67
Specifications ......................................................................... 67
Spare Parts and Accessories ................................................ 69
Dimensions in mm (inches) .................................................. 70
Transmitter Enclosure and Mounting Plates ....................... 70
Rain Shield Dimensions ...................................................... 71
MMT318 Probe Dimensions................................................ 72
Ball Valve Set Dimensions .................................................. 73
MMT317 Probe with Optional Swagelok Connector,
Dimensions.......................................................................... 74
APPENDIX A
APPLICATIONS ........................................................................................... 75
Transformer Oils .................................................................... 75
PPM Calculation for Transformer Oils ................................ 76
Calculation Model with Average Coefficients ...................... 77
Calculation Model with Oil Specific Coefficients ................. 77
PPM Calculation Setting ........................................................ 78
Calculation Setting (Calculation Model with Average
Coefficients) ........................................................................ 78
Changing the Calculation Coefficients
(Calculation Model with Oil Specific Coefficients) ............... 78
Technical Data ............................................................... 79
Paper Machine Application ................................................... 80
VAISALA _________________________________________________________________________ 5
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List of Figures
Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
Figure 6
Figure 7
Figure 8
Figure 9
Figure 10
Figure 11
Figure 12
Figure 13
Figure 14
Figure 15
Figure 16
Figure 17
Figure 18
Figure 19
Figure 20
Figure 21
Figure 22
Figure 23
MMT310 Transmitter Parts ...................................................... 15
MMT310 Probes ....................................................................... 16
Mounting with Mounting Plates ................................................. 18
Rain Shield with Large Mounting Plate .................................... 19
MMT318 Probe ......................................................................... 20
Sealing of Fitting Body into Process ......................................... 21
Tightening the Clasp Nut .......................................................... 22
MMT318 Ball Valve Assembly Installation ............................... 23
Sampling Cell DMT242SC2 ...................................................... 25
MMT317 Probe with Swagelok Installation Kit ......................... 26
MMT317 Probe Installation to Pipeline with Swagelok
Installation Kit ........................................................................... 26
8-Pin Connector (Left) and
Screw Terminal Connector (Right) ........................................... 28
PuTTY Serial Line Configuration .............................................. 35
Changing the Sensor ................................................................ 52
Location of Adjustment Button.................................................. 56
Transmitter Enclosure and Mounting Plate Dimensions .......... 70
Rain Shield Dimensions (Back) ................................................ 71
Rain Shield Dimensions (Side and Outer) ................................ 71
MMT318 Probe Dimensions ..................................................... 72
Ball Valve Set Dimensions ....................................................... 73
MMT317 Probe with Swagelok Connector ............................... 74
The Water Solubility of Transformer Oils
Versus Temperature ................................................................. 76
Maximum Errors Caused by Deviation of Mineral Oils Using
Calculation Model with Average Coefficients ........................... 79
List of Tables
Table 1
Table 2
Table 3
Table 4
Table 5
Table 6
Table 7
Table 8
Table 9
Table 10
Table 11
Table 12
Table 13
Table 14
Table 15
Table 16
Table 17
Table 18
Manual Revisions ....................................................................... 8
Related Manuals ......................................................................... 8
MMT310 Measurement and Calculation Quantities ................. 13
MMT318 Pipe Dimensions ....................................................... 21
Current Consumption by Output Type ...................................... 29
Measurement Output ................................................................ 36
Output Formatting ..................................................................... 36
Calibration and Adjustment* ..................................................... 36
Setting, Scaling and Testing Analog Outputs ........................... 37
Other Commands ..................................................................... 37
Modifiers ................................................................................... 42
Analog Output Quantity Abbreviations ..................................... 42
Analog Output Quantity Abbreviations ..................................... 45
Water Activity ............................................................................ 67
Temperature ............................................................................. 67
Electrical Connections .............................................................. 68
General ..................................................................................... 68
Spare Parts and Accessories ................................................... 69
6 ____________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 1 _________________________________________________________ General Information
CHAPTER 1
GENERAL INFORMATION
This chapter provides general notes for the manual and the MMT310.
About This Manual
This manual provides information for installing, operating, and
maintaining Vaisala HUMICAP® Moisture and Temperature Transmitter
Series for Oil MMT310 (MMT317 and MMT318).
Contents of This Manual
This manual consists of the following chapters:
- Chapter 1, General Information, provides general notes for the manual
and the MMT310.
- Chapter 2, Product Overview, introduces the features, advantages, and
the product nomenclature.
- Chapter 3, Installation, provides you with information that is intended
to help you install the MMT310.
- Chapter 4, Operation, contains information that is needed to operate
the MMT310.
- Chapter 5, Maintenance, provides information that is needed in basic
maintenance of the MMT310.
- Chapter 6, Calibration and adjustment, describes the calibration and
adjustment procedures.
- Chapter 7, Technical Data, provides the technical data of the
MMT310.
- Appendix A, Applications, describes typical applications where
MMT310 is used.
VAISALA _________________________________________________________________________ 7
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Version Information
Table 1
Manual Code
M210474EN-C
M210474EN-B
Manual Revisions
Description
March 2014. This manual. New software
functionality applicable from version 2.0.1 onward.
Voltage output added to analog output options, new
voltage parameters in the AMODE command.
Added information on rain shield, sampling cell,
MI70 hand-held indicator, and USB connection.
Transmitter plastic housing material changed to
PPS. Updated serial terminal instructions, list of
optional accessories and operating voltage and
power consumption specifications. Document
template updated, quality improvement updates.
Previous version. MMT318 and MMT317 User's
Guide. The manual has been updated with
MMT317 installation instructions and MMT317
dimension figure.
Related Manuals
Table 2
Manual Code
M210878EN
M210185EN
Related Manuals
Manual Name
Vaisala HUMICAP® Hand-held Moisture Meter for
Oil MM70 User’s Guide
Vaisala Humidity calibrator HMK15 User’s Guide
Documentation Conventions
Throughout the manual, important safety considerations are highlighted
as follows:
WARNING
Warning alerts you to a serious hazard. If you do not read and follow
instructions very carefully at this point, there is a risk of injury or even
death.
CAUTION
Caution warns you of a potential hazard. If you do not read and follow
instructions carefully at this point, the product could be damaged or
important data could be lost.
NOTE
Note highlights important information on using the product.
8 ____________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 1 _________________________________________________________ General Information
Safety
The Vaisala HUMICAP® Moisture and Temperature Transmitter Series
for Oil MMT310 is delivered to you tested for safety and approved as
shipped from the factory. Note the following precautions:
WARNING
Ground the product and verify outdoor installation grounding
periodically to minimize shock hazard.
CAUTION
Do not modify the unit. Improper modification can damage the product
or lead to malfunction.
CAUTION
Do not touch the sensor plate.
CAUTION
In pressurized processes it is essential to tighten the supporting nuts and
screws very carefully to prevent loosening of the probe by the action of
pressure.
CAUTION
Take care not to damage the probe body. A damaged body makes the
probe less tight and may prevent it from going through the clasp nut.
ESD Protection
Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) can cause immediate or latent damage to
electronic circuits. Vaisala products are adequately protected against
ESD for their intended use. It is possible to damage the product,
however, by delivering electrostatic discharges when touching,
removing, or inserting any objects inside the equipment housing.
To make sure you are not delivering high static voltages yourself:
- Handle ESD sensitive components on a properly grounded and
protected ESD workbench.
- When an ESD workbench is not available, ground yourself to the
equipment chassis with a wrist strap and a resistive connection cord.
- If you are unable to take either of the above precautions, touch a
conductive part of the equipment chassis with your other hand before
touching ESD sensitive components.
- Always hold component boards by the edges and avoid touching the
component contacts.
VAISALA _________________________________________________________________________ 9
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Recycling
Recycle all applicable material.
Dispose of the unit according to statutory regulations. Do not dispose of
with regular household refuse.
Regulatory Compliances
MMT310 complies with the following performance and environmental
test standards:
- EN 61326-1, Industrial environment.
Emissions
Test
Radiated emissions
Complies with Standard
EN/IEC 55022 / CISPR16/22 Class B
Immunity
Test
Electrostatic discharge
(ESD)
Radiated immunity
EFT burst (Electric fast
transients)
Surge
Conducted immunity
Complies with Standard
EN/IEC 61000-4-2
EN/IEC 61000-4-3
EN/IEC 61000-4-4
EN/IEC 61000-4-5
EN/IEC 61000-4-6
Trademarks
HUMICAP® is a registered trademark of Vaisala.
Windows® is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the
United States and/or other countries.
10 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 1 _________________________________________________________ General Information
Software License
This product contains software developed by Vaisala. Use of the software
is governed by license terms and conditions included in the applicable
supply contract or, in the absence of separate license terms and
conditions, by the General License Conditions of Vaisala Group.
Warranty
Visit our Internet pages for standard warranty terms and conditions:
www.vaisala.com/warranty.
Please observe that any such warranty may not be valid in case of
damage due to normal wear and tear, exceptional operating conditions,
negligent handling or installation, or unauthorized modifications. Please
see the applicable supply contract or Conditions of Sale for details of the
warranty for each product.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 11
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12 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 2 ___________________________________________________________ Product Overview
CHAPTER 2
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
This chapter introduces the features, advantages, and the product
nomenclature.
Introduction to MMT310 Series
The Vaisala HUMICAP® Moisture and Temperature Transmitter Series
for Oil MMT310 is a small-size oil moisture and temperature transmitter
that powers up with 10 ... 35 VDC (mode-dependent power supply
requirements).
The MMT310 probe options are:
- MMT317 – small pressure-tight probe
- MMT318 – probe for pressurized pipelines
MMT310 supports the following output alternatives:
- Analog outputs 0/4 ... 20 mA and 0 … 5/10 V
(1 … 5 V available as scaled output: see section Setting, Scaling and
Testing the Analog Outputs on page 44).
- RS-232 serial line
- USB cable (optional accessory, order code 238607)
- MI70 handheld indicator connection (optional connection cable
DRW216050)
For a list of MMT310 optional accessories and spare parts, see section
Spare Parts and Accessories on page 69.
The transmitter measures and calculates the following quantities:
Table 3
MMT310 Measurement and Calculation Quantities
Quantity
Water activity
Temperature
Parts per million
(for transformer oil only)
Abbreviation Metric Unit
aw
aw
T
°C
Non Metric Unit
aw
°F
ppm
ppm
ppm
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 13
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Vaisala HUMICAP moisture in oil transmitters MMT318 and MMT317
are designed for industrial applications. They measure water in oil in
terms of water activity (aw) which can be determined as follows: water
activity indicates the amount of oil in the scale of 0 - 1 aw. In this scale, 0
aw is an indication of completely water free oil and 1 aw an indication of
oil fully saturated with water. Water is present in free form. The water
activity is used for alarming at the point of > 0.9 aw where the risk for
free water is obvious.
The most advanced feature which distinguishes the measurement of
water activity (aw) from the traditional measurement of absolute water
content (in ppm) is that in the water activity measurement the saturation
point remains stable regardless of the oil type, aging of oil or additives
used. As water activity of the oil exceeds 0.9 aw, there is a risk for
segregation (especially if the temperature decreases).
The MMT318 and MMT317 transmitters can be used for continuous online measurements and can be calibrated against salt solutions, no
reference oils are needed.
Appendix A on page 75 presents application information when using the
MMT318 and MMT317 with transformer oil (output unit= ppm). General
information on paper machine use is also included in the Appendix.
14 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 2 ___________________________________________________________ Product Overview
MMT310 Transmitter Parts
1403-179
Figure 1
MMT310 Transmitter Parts
The following numbers refer to Figure 1 above:
1 = Transmitter unit
2 = Mounting plate (smaller mounting plate also available)
3 = Connector for signal output and power supply. Available with
female connector with 5 m cable or screw terminal connector.
4 = Probe
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 15
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Probe Options
1311-199
Figure 2
MMT310 Probes
The following numbers refer to Figure 2 above:
1 = MMT317 probe with optional Swagelok connector for tight-place
installations.
2 = MMT318 probe for pressurized pipelines with two adjustable
probe lengths and optional ball valve set.
For probe dimensions, see section MMT317 Probe with Optional
Swagelok Connector, Dimensions on page 74 and section MMT318
Probe Dimensions on page 72.
Filter Options
MMT310 filter options include stainless steel filters with 3.15 mm and
1.5 mm (for high flow velocity oil measurements) holes. The filters are
12 mm in diameter with a female thread. The filters recommended for a
probe type can be selected on the corresponding MMT310 order form.
For information on ordering accessories, see section Spare Parts and
Accessories on page 69.
16 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Installation
CHAPTER 3
INSTALLATION
This chapter provides you with information that is intended to help you
install the MMT310.
Mounting
Selecting a Place for the Probe
Select a place which gives a true picture of the process. Oil should
circulate freely around the sensor; clear oil flow is recommended. Install
the probe directly into the circulation system and not into the oil reservoir
because of deposition.
It is recommended that the sensor head is installed directly in the process
through the ball valve assembly. When the ball valve assembly is used,
the pipe does not have to be emptied or shut down for installation or
removal of the probe. Install the sensor head transversely against the
direction of the process flow.
NOTE
Avoid mounting the transmitter housing close to steam sources or
directly exposed to rain. To ensure an IP 66 class protection, always
mount the transmitter housing with the cable bushings pointing
downwards.
NOTE
Take care not to damage the pipe of the probe. If the pipe is damaged,
the probe head is less tight and will not go through the clasp nut. Make
sure that the filter is tightly fastened to protect the sensors.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 17
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Mounting the Transmitter/Removing the
Transmitter Unit
Select a place with stable conditions for mounting the transmitter. Do not
expose the transmitter to direct sunlight or rain. Always mount the
transmitter housing with the cable bushings pointing downwards.
NOTE
If the transmitter is mounted outdoors, cover it with a shelter (purchased by
customer). A rain shield designed for MMT310 is available as an optional
accessory. For information on ordering accessories, see section Spare Parts
and Accessories on page 69.
1.
Mount the plate onto the wall with four/two screws
(Ø 4.5 mm/6.0 mm).
2.
Place the transmitter onto the mounting plate and fasten it with two
Allen screws.
The transmitter module can be unfastened for calibration by releasing the
two Allen screws on the left side.
1403-181
Figure 3
Mounting with Mounting Plates
The following letters and numbers refer to Figure 3:
A = Mounting with larger mounting plate (mount from flanges)
B = Mounting with smaller mounting plate (remove the transmitter
and mount using the holes in mounting plate base)
1 = Two Allen screws for fastening or removing the transmitter
module (Allen key provided)
2 = Four screw holes (Ø 4.5 mm) for wall mounting (screws not
provided)
3 = Two screw holes (Ø 6.0 mm) on the base of the plate for wall
mounting (screws not provided)
18 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Installation
NOTE
It is recommended that the supply is switched off before connecting the cable
plug to transmitter during installation or service/calibration.
Mounting the Transmitter with Optional
Rain Shield
If you mount MMT310 outdoors, use a shelter to protect the transmitter.
An MMT310 rain shield is available from Vaisala as an optional
accessory (order code ASM211103).
NOTE
Vaisala does not recommend installing the transmitter outdoors with the
smaller mounting plate (without flanges). Use the larger mounting plate
with flanges for outdoor installations.
Mounting the Rain Shield with Larger
Transmitter Mounting Plate
1311-251
Figure 4
Rain Shield with Large Mounting Plate
The following numbers refer to Figure 4 above:
1 = Transmitter’s larger mounting plate: attaches to rain shield from
flanges with four Ø 4.5 mm screws (not provided).
2 = Rain shield: Four Ø 8.5 mm holes for (U-bolt) mounting. The
maximum diameter of the pole in U-bolt mounting is 60 mm.
3 = Rain shield: Four Ø 4.5 mm screw holes for mounting.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 19
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
You can mount the rain shield and transmitter directly to a wall with
screws through both the mounting plate and the rain shield, or attach the
transmitter mounting plate to the rain shield and use for example U-bolt
mounting depending on the requirements of the installation site.
For rain shield measurements, see section Rain Shield Dimensions on
page 71.
Mounting the MMT318
NOTE
Do not unsolder and then again resolder the sensor head cable from and
to the printed board during installation; this procedure may alter the
humidity calibration of the transmitter.
Mounting for Pressurized Pipelines/Oils
Due to the sliding fit, MMT318 is easy to install into and remove from
the pressurized process. The probe is especially suitable for
measurements in pipelines.
0507-041
Figure 5
MMT318 Probe
The following numbers refer to Figure 5 above:
1 = Clasp nut; 24 mm hex nut
2 = Fitting body; 27 mm hex head
20 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Installation
The following two fitting body options are available:
- Fitting Body ISO1/2 solid structure (DRW212076SP)
- Fitting Body NPT1/2 solid structure (NPTFITBODASP)
Table 4
Type
Standard
Optional
MMT318 Pipe Dimensions
Pipe Dimension
178 mm
400 mm
Adjustment Range
120 mm
340 mm
Use teflon tape or thread sealant to seal the connection between the
fitting body and the process/ball valve.
0507-025
Figure 6
Sealing of Fitting Body into Process
Tightening the Clasp Nut
1.
2.
3.
4.
Adjust the probe to a suitable depth according to the type of
installation.
Tighten the clasp nut first manually.
Mark the fitting screw and the clasp nut.
Tighten the nut a further 50 - 60º (ca. 1/6 turn) with a wrench. If
you have suitable torque wrench, tighten the nut to max 45 ± 5 Nm
(33 ± 4 ft-lbs).
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 21
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
0505-276
Figure 7
Tightening the Clasp Nut
The following numbers refer to Figure 7:
1
2
3
4
=
=
=
=
Probe
Clasp nut
Fitting screw
Pen (for marking)
NOTE
Take care not to overtighten the clasp nut to avoid difficulties when
opening it.
CAUTION
Take care not to damage the probe body. A damaged body makes the
probe less tight and may prevent it from going through the clasp nut.
CAUTION
In pressurized processes it is essential to tighten the supporting nuts and
screws very carefully to prevent loosening of the probe by the action of
pressure.
When the probe is used in a pressurized process the sensor head should
preferably be installed through a ball valve assembly. See section Ball
Valve Installation Kit for MMT318 for more information on the optional
ball valve installation kit.
22 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Installation
Ball Valve Installation Kit for MMT318
The optional ball valve installation kit (Vaisala order code:
BALLVALVE-1) is preferred when connecting the probe to a
pressurized process or pipeline. Use the ball valve set or a 1/2" ball valve
assembly with a ball hole of Ø14 mm or more.
If you install the sensor head (Ø 12 mm) in a process pipe, please note
that the nominal size of the pipe must be at least 1 inch (2.54 cm). Use a
manual press handle to press the sensor head into the pressurized (< 10
bar) process or pipeline.
0507-043
Figure 8
MMT318 Ball Valve Assembly Installation
The following numbers refer to Figure 8 above:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Manual press tool
Handle of the ball valve
Probe
Process chamber or pipeline
Groove on the probe indicates the upper adjustment limit
Filter
Ball of the ball valve
Fitting screw
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 23
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
NOTE
The probe can be installed in the process through the ball valve
assembly provided that the process pressure is less than 10 bars. This
way, the process does not have to be shut down when installing or
removing the probe. However, if the process is shut down before
removing the probe, the process pressure can be max. 20 bars.
NOTE
When measuring temperature dependent quantities make sure that the
temperature at the measurement point is equal to that of the process,
otherwise the moisture reading may be incorrect.
Follow the steps below to install the MMT318 probe through a ball valve
assembly. After the installation, the probe should be sitting in the process
chamber or pipeline as shown in Figure 8 on page 23.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
NOTE
Shut down the process if the process pressure is more than 10 bars.
If the pressure is lower there is no need to shut down the process.
Close the ball valve.
Seal the threads on the fitting body; refer to Figure 6 Sealing of
Fitting Body into Process on page 21.
Attach the fitting body to the ball valve and tighten it.
Slide the clasp nut of the probe toward the filter, as far as it will go.
Insert the probe to the fitting body, and manually tighten the clasp
nut to the fitting body.
Open the ball valve.
Push the probe through the ball valve assembly into the process. If
the pressure is high, use the pressing handle that is provided with
the probe. If you push the probe hard without using the handle, you
may damage the cable.
Note that the probe must be pushed to a depth where the filter is
completely inside the process flow.
Mark the fitting screw and the clasp nut.
Tighten the clasp nut with an open-end wrench a further 50 ... 60º
(ca. 1/6 turn). If you have a suitable torque wrench, tighten the nut
to max 45 ± 5 Nm (33 ± 4 ft-lbs). Refer to Figure 7 on page 22.
Take care not to tighten the clasp nut more than 60° to avoid difficulties
when opening it.
24 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Installation
If you wish to remove the probe from the process, note that you have to
pull the probe out far enough. You cannot close the valve if the groove
on the probe body is not visible.
Sampling Cell for MMT318
It may be necessary to use a sampling cell if the MMT318 probe cannot
be installed directly into the process pipe, for example, if the pipe is too
small for the probe. Using a bypass sampling line may be feasible in
these cases. Sampling Cell with Swagelok Connectors (Vaisala order
code: DMT242SC2) is available as an optional accessory.
0511-108
Figure 9
Sampling Cell DMT242SC2
The following numbers refer to Figure 9 above:
1
2
=
=
Male pipe weld connector Swagelok 1/4"
G1/2"
Mounting the MMT317
The MMT317 uses a small pressure-tight probe and is ideal for tight
spaces with threaded connection. The small probe is installed using the
threaded fitting bodies as instructed in this section.
NOTE
Do not unsolder and then again resolder the sensor head cable from and
to the printed board during installation; this procedure may alter the
calibration of the transmitter.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 25
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
MMT317 Probe with Swagelok Connector for Tightplace Installations
The Swagelok installation kit for MMT317 includes a Swagelok
connector with ISO3/8" thread (Vaisala order code: SWG12ISO38) or
NPT1/2" thread (Vaisala order code: SWG12NPT12).
0509-144
Figure 10
MMT317 Probe with Swagelok Installation Kit
0509-150
Figure 11
MMT317 Probe Installation to Pipeline with Swagelok
Installation Kit
The following numbers refer to Figure 11 above:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Probe
Duct connector
ISO3/8" or NPT1/2" thread
Swagelok connector
Ferrules
Upper edge of the connector nut
Upper edge of the probe
26 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Installation
Mount the MMT317 as follows:
1.
Select the correct connector for the installation. The connector
options are:
a.
R3/8" ISO (Swagelok code SS-12M0-1-6RTBT)
b.
1/2" NPT (Swagelok code SS-12M0-1-8BT)
Note that the connector inner diameters extend for Ø12 mm probe.
2.
3.
4.
Check that the probe position is correct. Before the final tightening
check that the upper edge of the connector nut is in line with the
upper edge of the probe. Otherwise the sealing may not be gas
tight.
Ensure gas-tight sealing:
a.
Turn the connector nut finger tight and draw a vertical mark
on the nut and the fitting body.
b.
Be sure that the probe position follows step 2.
c.
Tighten the connector nut with a wrench 1 and 1/4 turns
(360º +90º) with the help of marks you drew. The connector
now has a gas tight connection to the probe. Excess
tightening can damage the probe.
d.
The connector can be disconnected and re-installed. In reinstallation first turn the connector nut finger tight and then
with wrench 1/4 turn (90º).
Use teflon tape or thread sealant to seal the connection between the
Swagelok connector and the process (see Figure 6 on page 21).
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 27
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Connections
When the MMT310 leaves the factory, the measurement ranges, output
scaling and quantities have already been set according to the customer
order. The unit is calibrated at the factory and ready for use. The
transmitter is delivered with either a screw terminal connector or with a
detachable 5m cable with eight wires for serial port, analog outputs and
10 … 35 VDC power supply (requirements vary dependending on the
operating environment and output type). The wiring is described in this
section. For power supply requirements, see section Power Supply
Requirements on page 29.
Cable Wiring
0507-044, 0507-045
Figure 12
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Wire
White
Brown
Green
Yellow
Grey
Pink
Blue
Red
8-Pin Connector (Left) and Screw Terminal
Connector (Right)
Serial Signal RS-232C
Data out TX
Supply - / RS-232 GND
Supply +
Data in RX
Not connected
Analog Signal
Ch 1 - / Ch 2 Ch 2 +
Ch 1 +
Supply Supply +
Not connected
28 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Installation
Power Supply Requirements
The minimum supply voltage required by the MMT310 transmitter
depends on the output type and pressure:
- RS-232 output: 10 ... 35 VDC.
- Analog output: 15 ... 35 VDC.
- Pressures above 10 bara (145 psia): minimum 24 VDC.
Table 5 below lists the MMT310 current consumption according to
output type.
Table 5
Current Consumption by Output Type
Output
RS-232
Uout 10 V (10kOhm)
Channel1 & Channel 2
Iout 20mA (load 511Ohm)
Channel 1 & Channel 2
NOTE
Consumption
12 mA
12 mA
50 mA
MMT310 can also be powered by an MI70 indicator or a USB cable
connection to a computer. For information on ordering the optional MI70
and USB connection cables, see section Spare Parts and Accessories on
page 69.
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User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
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30 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 4 _________________________________________________________________ Operation
CHAPTER 4
OPERATION
This chapter contains information that is needed to operate the MMT310.
Power Supply
Use a 10 … 35 VDC power supply (required minimum voltage varies
depending on the operating environment and output type). For
instructions on selecting the correct operating voltage, see section Power
Supply Requirements on page 29.
Transmitter Start-Up
When the transmitter is connected to a power supply, there is a delay of
three seconds as the transmitter starts up. After the start-up is complete,
the measurement data is available from the analog output and serial line.
If serial line output is used, note that the transmitter will behave
according to the configured serial mode:
- In STOP mode, the transmitter outputs the transmitter model and
software version. This is the default mode.
- In RUN mode a measurement output starts immediately.
- In POLL mode the transmitter does not output anything after
powerup.
For instructions on configuring the serial mode, see section Set Serial
Interface Mode on page 39.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 31
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Serial Line and Analog Communication Options
MMT310 measurement data can be accessed with the following serial or
analog options:
- RS-232 serial port connection to a computer
- Analog output (current or voltage)
For temporary access, you can also connect to the transmitter with the
following:
- USB connection to a computer using an optional USB cable (238607)
- Connection to a hand-held MI70 indicator using an optional MI70
calibration cable (DRW216050SP)
When using the MMT310 with a serial connection (RS-232 serial cable
or USB), you need a terminal program to operate the MMT310 command
line interface. For instructions on installing and using the PuTTY
terminal application for Windows (available from www.vaisala.com), see
section Terminal Program Settings on page 35.
For information on using the analog outputs, see section Setting, Scaling
and Testing the Analog Outputs on page 44.
RS-232 Serial Port Connection
When connecting the MMT310 to a computer with an RS-232 cable, use
the following data format settings (factory settings) in the terminal
program:
-
1 start bit
7 data bits
1 stop bit
Even parity
4800 bits per second, programmable to 19200
Full duplex
Serial asynchronous
Configured as Data Terminal Equipment (DTE)
Enter the communication parameters when using this terminal session for
the first time and save them for future use.
32 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 4 _________________________________________________________________ Operation
USB Connection
MMT310 can be connected to a computer by using a USB cable (order
code 238607). The USB cable is an optional accessory: for more
information on ordering optional items, see section Spare Parts and
Accessories on page 69.
NOTE
Before starting to use the USB cable, you must install the USB cable
driver (requires Windows).
Installing the Driver for the USB Cable
Complete the following steps to install the USB driver before taking the
USB cable into use:
1.
Check that the USB cable is not connected. Disconnect the cable if
you have already connected it.
2.
Insert the media that came with the cable, or download the driver
from www.vaisala.com.
3.
Execute the USB driver installation program (setup.exe), and
accept the installation defaults. The installation of the driver may
take several minutes.
4.
After the driver has been installed, connect the USB cable to a USB
port on your computer. Windows will detect the new device, and
use the driver automatically.
5.
The installation has reserved a COM port for the cable. Verify the
port number, and the status of the cable, using the Vaisala USB
Device Finder program that has been installed in the Windows Start
menu.
Windows will recognize each individual cable as a different device, and
reserve a new COM port. Remember to use the correct port in the
settings of your terminal program.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 33
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Connection to an MI70 Hand-held
Indicator
MMT310 can be connected to the hand-held MI70 indicator with the
MI70 connection cable (DRW216050SP). The MI70 connection cable is
an optional accessory: for more information on ordering optional items,
see section Spare Parts and Accessories on page 69.
When MMT310 is connected to the MI70 indicator, you can view
MMT310 readings and perform MMT310 adjustments using the MI70
indicator’s interface.
For instructions on performing MMT310 adjustments with the MI70
indicator, see section Adjustment Using an MI70 Indicator on page 62.
For general instructions on using the MI70 hand-held indicator to view
and log readings and further information on using MI70, see the
MI70/MM70 user documentation.
34 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 4 _________________________________________________________________ Operation
Terminal Program Settings
The instructions in this section describe how to connect a computer to the
MMT310 using the PuTTY terminal application for Windows (available
for download at www.vaisala.com). Perform the necessary cabling and
configuration of the transmitter before following the instructions.
Opening a Serial/USB Connection with PuTTY
1.
2.
3.
Power up the MMT310 and start the PuTTY application.
Select the Serial & USB settings category, and check that the
correct COM port is selected in the “Serial or USB line to connect
to” field. Change the port if necessary.
If you are using a Vaisala USB cable, you can check the port that it
uses by clicking the USB Finder... button. This opens the Vaisala
USB Instrument Finder program that has been installed along with
the USB drivers.
Check that the other serial/USB line settings are correct for your
connection, and change if necessary.
1311-113
Figure 13
4.
PuTTY Serial Line Configuration
Click the Open button to open the connection window and start
using the serial connection command line interface.
If PuTTY is unable to open the serial port you selected, an error
message is displayed. If this happens, restart PuTTY and check the
settings.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 35
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
List of Serial Commands
All commands can be issued either in uppercase or lowercase. In the
command examples, the keyboard input by the user is in bold type.
The notation <cr> refers to pressing the carriage return (Enter) key on
your computer keyboard. Enter a <cr> to clear the command buffer
before starting to enter commands. In the following command tables, the
bold text in the brackets is the default setting.
Table 6
Measurement Output
Command
R
S
INTV [0 … 255 S/MIN/H]
SEND [0 … 99]
SMODE [STOP/RUN/POLL]
SERI [baud p d s]
ADDR [0 … 99]
OPEN [0 … 99]
CLOSE
Table 7
Output Formatting
Command
FORM
TIME
DATE
FTIME [ON/OFF]
FDATE [ON/OFF]
UNIT
Table 8
Command
CRH
CT
L
LI
FCRH
CTEXT
CDATE
ACAL
Description
Start continuous reading output
Stop continuous reading output
Set continuous output interval for RUNmode
Output reading once
Set serial interface mode
Serial line settings (default: 4800 E 7 1)
baud: 300…19200
Set transmitter address for use in POLLmode
Temporarily open transmitter from POLL
mode to receive commands
Close the temporary connection (back to
POLL mode)
Description
Set serial output format
Set time
Set date
Add time to SEND and R outputs
Add date to SEND and R outputs
Select metric or nonmetric output units
Calibration and Adjustment*
Description
Relative humidity calibration
Temperature calibration
View the currently applied standard user
adjustment offset and gain
Revert factory calibration
Relative humidity calibration after sensor
change
Set calibration information text
Set calibration date
Analog output calibration
*These commands are presented in section Calibration and adjustment on
page 55.
36 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 4 _________________________________________________________________ Operation
Table 9
Setting, Scaling and Testing Analog Outputs
Command
AMODE
Description
Set analog outputs (0/4 ... 20 mA or
0 … 5/10 V, 1 … 5 V available through
scaling)
Select parameter for analog outputs
Scale analog outputs
Test analog outputs
Test analog outputs for desired readings
Change analog error output value
ASEL
ASCL
ITEST
AQTEST
AERR
Table 10
Other Commands
Command
?
??
ECHO [ON/OFF]
FILT
FIND
HELP
RESET
ERRS
OIL [ON/OFF]
Description
Check transmitter settings
Check transmitter settings in POLL mode
Serial bus echo
Set result filtering
All devices in POLL mode send their
addresses
List commands
Reset transmitter
List error messages
Enable/disable ppm output when
measuring moisture in oil.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 37
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Measurement Output
Starting the Continuous Reading Output
Syntax: R <cr>
Starts output of measurements to the peripheral devices (RUN mode).
While the measurement output is active the only command that can be
given is S (stop).
The output mode can be changed with the FORM command.
Example:
>r
aw=
aw=
0.2000 aw T=
0.2000 aw T=
25.09 'C …
25.20 'C …
Stopping the Continuous Reading
Output
Syntax: S <cr>
Stops the continuous output. <ESC> can also be used to stop the output.
Set Continuous Output Interval for RUN
Mode
Syntax: INTV xxx yyy<cr>
Where
Xxx =
yyy =
Example:
Output interval (0 ... 255)
Unit (s, min or h)
>intv 1
Output interval: 1 S
>intv 1 min<cr>
Output interval: 1 MIN
>intv 1 h<cr>
Output interval: 1 H
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Chapter 4 _________________________________________________________________ Operation
Output Reading Once
Syntax in STOP-mode: SEND<cr>
Syntax in POLL-mode: SEND aa<cr>
Where
aa = Address of the transmitter when more than one transmitter is
connected to a serial bus (0 ... 99).
Example:
>send
aw= 0.2 aw T=
-47.37 'C …
If the value is too long to fit to the allocated space or if there is an error
in outputting, the value is displayed with stars ‘*’.
For example,
aw=*.* aw T= 31.0 'C
The output mode can be changed with the FORM command.
Set Serial Interface Mode
Syntax: SMODE x<cr>
Where
x
=
STOP/RUN/POLL
STOP mode: Transmitter in standby for serial
commands
RUN mode: Transmitter outputs data continuously
POLL mode: Transmitter only responds to
addressed commands. Use the OPEN <transmitter
address> command to temporarily enable serial
commands (as in STOP mode) when in POLL
mode.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 39
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Example:
>smode run
Output mode
: RUN
>r
02:08:01.03 aw=
02:08:04.21 aw=
<ESC>
>smode stop
Output mode
0.2 aw T=
0.2 aw T=
-47.13 'C …
-47.16 'C …
: STOP
Serial Line Settings
Syntax: SERI b p d s<cr>
Where
b
p
d
s
=
=
=
=
bauds (300, 600, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600,19200)
parity (n = none, e = even, o = odd)
data bits (7 or 8)
stop bits (1 or 2)
The settings can be changed one parameter at a time or all parameters at
once.
Example:
>seri o
4800 o 7 1
>seri 600 n 8 1
600 n 8 1
changing parity only
changing all parameters
Set Transmitter Address for Use in POLL
Mode
Syntax: ADDR aa<cr>
Where
aa
=
Address (0 ... 99)
Example:
>addr
Address
>addr 1
Address
: 0
: 1
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Chapter 4 _________________________________________________________________ Operation
Temporarily Open Transmitter from
POLL Mode to Receive Serial Commands
Syntax: OPEN nn<cr>
Where
nn
=
Address of the transmitter (0 ... 99)
The OPEN command sets the bus temporarily in STOP mode so that the
SMODE command can be issued.
Example:
>open 4
Device:
>
4 line opened for operator commands
Set Transmitter in POLL Mode
Syntax: CLOSE<cr>
In STOP mode: the command OPEN has no effect, CLOSE sets the
transmitter temporarily in POLL mode.
In POLL mode: the command OPEN sets the transmitter temporarily in
STOP mode, command CLOSE returns the instrument to POLL mode.
Example:
Relative humidity calibration is performed at transmitter 2, which is in
POLL mode.
>open 2
Opens the line to transmitter 2.
>crh
Calibration started.
...
>close
Line closed.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 41
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Output Formatting
Set Serial Output Format
Syntax: FORM x<cr>
Where
x = Formatter string
The FORM command can be used to change the output format of the
SEND and R commands.
A formatter string consists of quantities and modifiers: use the modifiers
presented in Table 11 and quantities presented in Table 12 when
configuring the output format.
Use the FORM / command to return the default output form.
Table 11
Modifier
x.y
#t
#r
#n
""
U5
Table 12
Modifiers
Description
Length modifier (whole numbers and decimal places)
Tabulator
Carriage return
Line-feed
String-constant
Unit field and length (unit can be changed with the UNIT
command)
Analog Output Quantity Abbreviations
Quantity
aw water activity
T Temperature
ppm (for transformer oil only)
Abbreviation
aw
T
ppm
Example:
>form "aw="1.2 aw #r#n
aw=0.79
>form "aw="1.2 aw U3 #t "ppm="3.1 ppm " " U5 #t "T="3.1 T
U3 #r#n
aw=0.78
ppm= 53.4 ppm
T= 27.3'C
>
>send
2000-01-01 20:56:27 N
27.2'C
>
0 aw=0.78
ppm= 53.2 ppm
T=
42 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 4 _________________________________________________________________ Operation
Set Time and Date
Syntax: TIME<cr>
Syntax: DATE<cr>
Sets the time and date to the transmitter.
Example:
>time
Current time is 04:12:39
Enter new time (hh:mm:ss) ? 12:24:00
>date
Current date is 2000-01-01
Enter new date (yyyy-mm-dd) ? 2013-06-30
>
NOTE
Time and date are cleared to 2000-01-01 00:00:00 at reset.
NOTE
Only about 1 % accuracy is obtained with the software clock.
Add Time and Date to SEND and R
Outputs
Syntax: FTIME x<cr>
Syntax: FDATE x<cr>
Where
x = ON/OFF
The command enables or disables output of time and date to the serial
line.
>send
aw= 0.2 aw T= 31.0 'C
>ftime on
Form. time
: ON
>send
03:47:59 aw= 0.2 aw T= 31.0 'C
>fdate on
Form. date
: ON
>send
2000-01-01 03:48:03 aw= 0.2 aw T= 31.0 'C
>
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 43
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Select Metric or Nonmetric Output Units
Syntax: UNIT x<cr>
Where
x = M or N
M = metric units
N = nonmetric units
Quantity
aw water activity
T Temperature
ppm (for
transformer oil only)
Metric Unit Non-Metric Unit
aw
T
°C
ppm
ppm
Setting, Scaling and Testing the Analog
Outputs
You can select for the two outputs
- current or voltage range (0...20 mA/4...20 mA, 0 … 5/10 V,1 … 5 V
available through scaling) and
- output parameter (aw/ ppm*/ T).
and scale the two outputs according to your needs.
*for transformer oil only
Set Analog Outputs
Syntax: AMODE ch1 ch2<cr>
Where
ch1 and ch2
=
I0 = 0 ... 20 mA
I1 = 4 ... 20 mA
U1 = 0 … 5 V*
U2 = 0 … 10 V*
*Voltage output applicable from software version 2.0.1 onward.
Example:
>amode i1 u1
Ch1 output mode: 4...20mA
Ch2 output mode: 0...5V
>
44 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 4 _________________________________________________________________ Operation
NOTE
1 … 5 V output can be selected when ordering the device. The 1 .. 5
output is based on the 0 … 5 V output mode, but has been adjusted to
1 … 5 V by scaling the valid range to 1 … 5. In the scaled 1 … 5 V
output mode, 0 V is reserved for error output (AERR set to 0).
If the output includes the reminder 'remember to set jumpers', ignore the
reminder.
Select Parameter for Analog Outputs
Syntax: ASEL xxx yyy<cr>
Where
xxx
yyy
=
=
Quantity of channel 1
Quantity of channel 2
After entering the command, the low and high values of each channel are
displayed one row at a time and a new value can be entered. Enter a new
value and press <cr> to move to the next row, or press <cr> without
entering a value to keep the current setting.
Use abbreviations shown in Table 13 Analog Output Quantity
Abbreviations below.
Table 13
Analog Output Quantity Abbreviations
Quantity
aw water activity
T Temperature
ppm (for
transformer oil only)
Abbreviation
°C
ppm
Examples:
>asel aw t
Ch1 aw
lo
Ch1 aw
hi
Ch2 T
lo
Ch2 T
hi
>asel t ppm
Ch1 T
lo
Ch1 T
hi
Ch2 ppm lo
Ch2 ppm hi
>
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
0.00
1.00
-40.00 'C
60.00 'C
-40.00
60.00
0.00
5000.00
'C
'C
ppm
ppm
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 45
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Scale Analog Outputs
Syntax: ASCL<cr>
Example:
>ascl
Ch1 T
Ch1 T
Ch2 ppm
Ch2 ppm
>ascl
Ch1 T
Ch1 T
Ch2 ppm
Ch2 ppm
lo
hi
lo
hi
:
:
:
:
-40.00
60.00
0.00
5000.00
'C
'C
ppm
ppm
?
?
?
?
lo
hi
lo
hi
:
:
:
:
-20.00
40.00
0.00
3000.00
'C
'C
ppm
ppm
?
?
?
?
-20
40
0
3000
The ppm calculation is only used for transformer oils.
Test Analog Outputs
Syntax: ITEST aa.aaa bb.bbb<cr>
The operation of the analog outputs is tested by forcing the outputs to
given values. The values in the analog outputs can then be measured with
a current/voltage meter.
Where
aa.aaa
bb.bbb
=
=
Current/voltage value to be set for channel 1
Current/voltage value to be set for channel 2
Example:
>itest 8.30 6.40
8.30000mA 2c30
>
6.40000mA
2278
The ITEST command output includes internal debugging values shown
in hexadecimal format (2c30 and 2278 in the example above).
The set values remain valid until you issue the ITEST command without
readings or reset the transmitter.
46 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 4 _________________________________________________________________ Operation
Test Analog Outputs for Desired
Readings
Syntax: AQTEST x yyy.yyy<cr>
Using the AQTEST command, you can test the analog output by forcing
the output to correspond to a chosen value.
Where
x
yyy.yyy
=
=
Output quantity (aw / T / ppm)
Value
For example:
>aqtest aw 0.5
CH1 aw :
0.5000 aw
CH2 T
:
22.3 'C
>
10.000mA
7.568mA
The set values remain valid until you give the command AQTEST
without a value or RESET the transmitter.
Set Error Outputs
Syntax: AERR<cr>
The factory default state for analog outputs during error condition is
0 mA. Be careful when selecting the new error value: the error state of
the transmitter should not cause problems in process monitoring.
Example:
>aerr
Ch1 error out
Ch2 error out
: 0.000mA ?
: 0.000mA ?
NOTE
The error output value must be within the output type’s valid range.
NOTE
The error output value is shown only when there are minor electrical
faults such as a humidity sensor open circuit. When there is a severe
device malfunction, such as an analog output electronics failure or a
microprocessor ROM/RAM failure, the error output value is not
necessarily shown.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 47
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Other Commands
Check Transmitter Settings
Syntax: ?<cr>
Syntax: ??<cr>
Use the ? command to check the current transmitter configuration. The
?? command is similar but can also be used if the transmitter is in POLL
mode.
Example (factory default settings):
>?
MMT310 / 1.03
PRB serial nr :
Calibration
:
Cal. info
:
Output units
:
Pressure
:
RS232 settings
Address
:
Output interval:
Baud P D S
:
Serial mode
:
Analog outputs
Ch1 output mode:
Ch2 output mode:
Ch1 error out :
Ch2 error out :
Ch1 T
lo
:
Ch1 T
hi
:
Ch2 ppm lo
:
Ch2 ppm hi
:
>
V1234567
2003-03-25
NU/HMK15
metric
1013.25 hPa
2
1 MIN
4800 E 7 1
STOP
0 ...20mA
4 ...20mA
0.000mA
0.000mA
-40.00 'C
60.00 'C
0.00 ppm
5000.00 ppm
48 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 4 _________________________________________________________________ Operation
Serial Bus Echo
Syntax: ECHO x<cr>
Where
x = ON/OFF (default = ON)
The command enables or disables echo of characters received over the
serial line.
All Devices in POLL Mode Send Their
Addresses
Syntax: FIND<cr>
List Commands
Syntax: HELP<cr>
Set Result Filtering
Syntax: FILT xx<cr>
Enable or disable the filtering or select the extended filter to reduce noise
of the measurement.
Where
x
= ON, OFF or EXT
ON = Short filter of about 15 s (the measurement output will
show the average value of the last 15 s measurement data)
OFF = No filtering (default)
EXT = Extended filter of about 1 min (the measurement output
will show the average value of the last 1 min measurement data)
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 49
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Reset Transmitter
Syntax: RESET<cr>
This command resets the device, resulting in a short start-up delay. The
serial interface mode (STOP, RUN or POLL) selected with the SMODE
command is taken into use at restart.
Display Error Messages
Syntax: ERRS<cr>
Display transmitter error messages. If there are no errors present,
a PASS will be returned.
Examples:
>errs
PASS
>
>errs
FAIL
Error: Temperature measurement malfunction
Error: Humidity sensor open circuit
>
In case of a constant error, please contact a Vaisala Service Center.
For information on contacting Vaisala Service Centers, see
www.vaisala.com/servicecenters.
50 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 5 _______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
CHAPTER 5
MAINTENANCE
This chapter provides information that is needed in basic maintenance of
the MMT310.
Periodic Maintenance
Calibration Interval
MMT310 is fully calibrated and adjusted as shipped from factory.
Typical calibration interval is one year. In certain applications it may be
advisable to do more frequent checks. Calibration needs to be done
always when there is reason to believe that the device is not within the
accuracy specifications.
You can carry out calibration and adjustment by yourself, or contact
Vaisala technical support (see section Technical Support on page 53) for
information about calibration services. For more information on
calibration, see section Calibration and adjustment on page 55.
Replacing Consumables
Changing the Filter
Replace the filter if it is contaminated. New filters are available from
Vaisala; see section Spare Parts and Accessories on page 69
CAUTION
Be careful when changing the filter, since it is easy to break the sensor
when the filter is removed.
CAUTION
If the transmitter is installed in a pressurized chamber, always make sure
that the pressure of the chamber is equalized with the ambient pressure
prior to removing the transmitter. When the transmitter is removed for
maintenance, cap the hole with a capped nut. This way, the chamber can
be pressurized although the transmitter is not in place.
Plugs are available from Vaisala for ISO threaded connections.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 51
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
When replacing the filter, wear clean gloves to avoid depositing dirt or
oil on the filter.
Replace the filter as follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Turn the filter counterclockwise until it is loose.
Pull the filter straight out carefully. Do not damage the sensor.
Take the new filter, and insert it to the filter thread.
Tighten the new filter to 5 Nm by turning it clockwise.
Changing the Sensor
NOTE
When replacing the sensor, the new sensor must be of the same type as
the old sensor (HUMICAP180L2 for MMT310). Information on Vaisala
sensors is available online at www.vaisala.com/sensorinfo.
Changing the sensor should be considered corrective maintenance, and it
is not necessary in normal operation. If the accuracy of the transmitter
does not seem to be within specification, it is more likely that the
transmitter is in need of calibration and adjustment, and not sensor
replacement. Refer to section Calibration and adjustment on page 55.
1.
Remove the filter from the probe. See the instructions in section
Changing the Filter on page 51.
Remove the damaged sensor and insert a new one. Handle the new
sensor by the plastic socket. DO NOT TOUCH THE SENSOR
PLATE.
Perform a calibration and adjustment as instructed in section
Relative Humidity Calibration after Sensor Change on page 61.
Attach a new filter on the probe. When using the stainless steel
filter, take care to tighten the filter properly (recommended force
5 Nm).
2.
3.
4.
0508-079
Figure 14
Changing the Sensor
The following numbers refer to Figure 14 above:
1
2
=
=
Pull out the sensor
Plastic socket
52 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 5 _______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
Clean the Sensor Before Storing the
Transmitter
Clean the used sensor with instrument air to blow out existing oil or
gently first flush with heptane (C7H16) and dry with instrument air to
prevent oxidation of the sensor. The oxidation of the sensor can cause
extended response times or drifting.
Technical Support
For technical questions, contact Vaisala technical support by e-mail at
helpdesk@vaisala.com. Provide at least the following supporting
information:
-
Name and model of the product in question
Serial number of the product
Name and location of the installation site
Name and contact information of a technically competent person who
can provide further information on the problem.
Product Returns
If the product must be returned for service, see www.vaisala.com/returns.
For contact information of Vaisala Service Centers, see
www.vaisala.com/servicecenters.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 53
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
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54 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 6 ____________________________________________________ Calibration and adjustment
CHAPTER 6
CALIBRATION AND ADJUSTMENT
This chapter describes the calibration and adjustment procedures. Note
that after adjustment, the original calibration certificate shipped with the
product is not valid anymore.
The MMT318 and MMT317 are calibrated as shipped from the factory.
Typical calibration interval is one year. Depending on the application it
may be good to make the first calibration check earlier.
NOTE
When measuring moisture in transformer oil, the recommended
calibration interval is 3 years.
Relative humidity calibration must be done always after sensor change.
Calibration of the MMT318 and MMT317 can be carried out by the user
according to the instructions given in this chapter.
Vaisala recommends using the calibration services offered by Vaisala.
Vaisala Service Centers perform calibrations and adjustments as well as
repair and spare part services, and offer accredited calibrations and
maintenance contracts.
For Vaisala Service Center contact information, see
www.vaisala.com/servicecenters.
Calibration services can also be ordered online at store.vaisala.com.
CAUTION
If you think the MMT310 is not measuring correctly, calibration and
adjustment is not the first thing to do. Try the following first:
- Make sure heat sources or temperature differences are not interfering
with the measurement.
- Always wait for the measurement to stabilize.
NOTE
For an introduction to calibration, order or download the free calibration
book from Vaisala at the following address:
www.vaisala.com/calibrationbook
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 55
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Preparations Before the Calibration
Before calibration, clean the used sensor with instrument air to blow out
existing oil, or gently first flush with heptane (C7H16) and dry with
instrument air to decrease response time.
NOTE
It is important to clean the sensor before calibration as a dirty sensor can
contaminate the salt bath and change the reference condition.
Relative Humidity Calibration and Adjustment (in
Two Points)
Relative humidity calibration and adjustment of the MMT318 and
MMT317 is done by using two reference humidities (low end and high
end). The difference between the two humidity references must be at
least 50% RH.
An easy calibration can be done by using Vaisala Humidity Calibrator
HMK15. When using the HMK15 calibrator, use the adapter fitting (13.5
mm) with the MMT318 and MMT317 probe.
Before calibration the transmitter must be set to adjustment mode by
pressing the adjustment button (see Figure 15 below).
0507-048
Figure 15
Location of Adjustment Button
56 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 6 ____________________________________________________ Calibration and adjustment
Low End Adjustment
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Remove the transmitter unit from the mounting plate (see page 18),
and press the adjustment button once (see Figure 15 on page 56).
Remove the filter from the probe and insert the probe head into a
measurement hole of the dry end reference chamber (for example
LiCl: 11 % RH in the humidity calibrator HMK15, use the adapter
fitting (13.5 mm)).
Wait at least 30 minutes for the sensor to stabilize.
Issue the CRH command and press ENTER.
Type C and press ENTER a few times to check if the reading is
stabilized.
When the reading is stabilized, give the reference humidity after
the question mark and press ENTER.
>crh
RH :
11.25 Ref1 ? c
RH :
11.25 Ref1 ? c
RH :
11.25 Ref1 ? c
RH :
11.24 Ref1 ? c
RH :
11.24 Ref1 ? 11.3
Press any key when ready ...
Now the device is waiting for the high end reference. Carry out the
high end adjustment as instructed in the following section.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 57
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
High End Adjustment
6.
7.
8.
After you have performed the low end adjustment, insert the probe
head into a measurement hole of the high end reference chamber
(e.g. NaCl: 75 % RH chamber in the humidity calibrator HMK15,
use the adapter fitting (13.5 mm)). Note that the difference between
the two humidity references must be at least 50% RH.
Let the probe stabilize at least 30 minutes. You can follow the
stabilization by pressing any key, typing C and pressing ENTER.
When stabilized, type the high end reference value after the
question mark and press ENTER.
crh
RH :
11.25 Ref1 ? c
RH :
11.24 Ref1 ? c
RH :
11.24 Ref1 ? 11.3
Press any key when ready ...
RH :
75.45 Ref2 ? c
RH :
75.57 Ref2 ? c
RH :
75.55 Ref2 ? c
RH :
75.59 Ref2 ? 75.5
OK
>
OK indicates that the calibration has
9.
10.
11.
succeeded
Take the probe out of the reference conditions and replace the
filter. Take care to tighten the filter properly, recommended force
130 Ncm.
If needed, give the calibration information (date and text) to the
transmitter's memory, see the serial commands on page 61.
Reset the transmitter by giving the RESET command. The
transmitter returns to normal mode.
58 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 6 ____________________________________________________ Calibration and adjustment
Temperature Calibration and Adjustment
(in One Point)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Remove the transmitter unit from the mounting plate (see page 18)
and press the adjustment button once (see Figure 15 on page 56).
Remove the probe filter (see instructions on page 51) and insert the
probe into the reference temperature.
Let the sensor stabilize.
Enter the command CT and press Enter.
Type C and press Enter a few times to check if the reading is
stabilized.
When the reading is stabilized, type the reference temperature after
the question mark and press Enter three times.
>ct
T
:
16.06 Ref1 ? c
T
:
16.06 Ref1 ? c
T
:
16.06 Ref1 ? c
T
:
16.06 Ref1 ? c
T
:
16.06 Ref1 ? c
T
:
16.06 Ref1 ? 16.0
Press any key when ready ...
T
:
16.06 Ref2 ?
OK
>
OK indicates that the calibration has succeeded.
7.
8.
9.
Take the probe out of the reference conditions and replace the
filter. When using the stainless steel filter, take care to tighten the
filter properly (recommended force 130 Ncm).
If needed, record the calibration information (text and date) to the
memory of the transmitter, see Set Calibration Information Text on
page 61 and Set Calibration Date on page 61.
Reset the transmitter by issuing the RESET command. The
transmitter returns to normal mode.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 59
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Revert Factory Calibration
Syntax: LI<cr>
1.
2.
3.
Remove the transmitter unit from the mounting (see page 18) and
press the adjustment button once (see Figure 15 on page 56).
Issue the LI command and set the offset value to 0 and gain value
to 1.
>li
RH offset
RH gain
T offset
T gain
>
:
:
:
:
-0.6000000
1.00000000
0.00000000
0.40000000
?
?
?
?
0
1
0
1
Reset the transmitter by giving the RESET command.
The transmitter returns to normal mode.
View Current Offset and Gain Adjustment
View the currently applied standard user adjustment offset and gain with
the L command.
Syntax: L<cr>
Example:
>l
RH
RH
T
T
>
offset
gain
offset
gain
:
:
:
:
0.00000000
1.00000000
0.00000000
1.00000000
60 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 6 ____________________________________________________ Calibration and adjustment
Relative Humidity Calibration after
Sensor Change
Syntax: FCRH<cr>
The transmitter asks and measures relative humidity and calculates the
calibration coefficients. This two-point adjustment needs to be performed
after a sensor change. Follow the more detailed calibration instructions
on page 56, but instead of the CRH command, use the FCRH command.
>FCRH
RH
:
1.82 1. ref
?
Press any key when ready...
RH
:
74.22
2. ref
OK
>
OK indicates that the calibration has
0
? 75
succeeded.
Set Calibration Information Text
Syntax: CTEXT<cr>
1.
2.
3.
Remove the transmitter unit from the mounting (see page 18) and
press the adjustment button once (see Figure 15 on page 56).
Issue the LI command and enter value 0 for offset and value 1 for
gain.
Issue the CTEXT command and enter calibration information text.
Set Calibration Date
Syntax: CTEXT<cr>
1.
2.
3.
Remove the transmitter unit from the mounting plate (see section
Mounting the Transmitter/Removing the Transmitter Unit on page
18) and press the adjustment button once (see Figure 15 on page
56).
Issue the LI command and enter value 0 for offset and value 1 for
gain.
Issue the CDATE command and set the calibration date.
Example:
CDATE 2001 12 11
Calibration
: 2001-12-11
>
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 61
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Analog Output Calibration
Syntax: ACAL<cr>
Connect the MMT310 to a multimeter in order to measure either current
or voltage depending on the selected output type. Issue the ACAL
command. Then type the multimeter reading and press Enter.
Example (current outputs):
>acal
Ch1
Ch1
Ch2
Ch2
>
I1
I2
I1
I2
(mA)
(mA)
(mA)
(mA)
?
?
?
?
2.046
18.087
2.036
18.071
Adjustment Using an MI70 Indicator
You can use the MI70 handheld indicator to adjust the following in
MMT310:
- Temperature (T)
- Relative humidity (RH)
- Pressure compensation value for humidity measurement (environment
settings)
Note that starting the adjustment mode in MI70 requires pressing the
adjustment button on the MMT310 board. See Figure 15 on page 56 for
the location of the adjustment button.
NOTE
When adjusting both relative humidity and temperature, make the
temperature adjustment first.
Starting MI70 Adjustment
1.
2.
3.
4.
Connect the transmitter to the MI70 hand-held indicator using the
connection cable (optional accessory, Vaisala order code
DRW216050SP).
Turn on the MI70.
Press the MMT310 adjustment button (see Figure 15 on page 56)
to start the adjustment mode. A notification about starting the
adjustment mode is displayed on the MI70 screen.
Press OK to enter the adjustment menu. The available adjustment
options are displayed (RH or T). You can also view the date of last
adjustment.
62 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 6 ____________________________________________________ Calibration and adjustment
Use the arrow buttons to highlight RH or T and press SELECT to choose
the parameter for adjustment.
For RH adjustment instructions, see section Adjusting RH with MI70.
For T adjustment instructions, see section Adjusting T with MI70.
Adjusting RH with MI70
Selecting RH in the main adjustment menu brings up a notification about
checking environment settings. Select YES to access the environment
settings before performing the RH adjustment, or NO to continue to RH
adjustment without changing the current environment settings. Select
ADJUST to access the RH adjustment options.
The following RH adjustment options are available:
- 1-point adjustment
- 2-point adjustment
- LiCl – NaCl auto
1-point RH Adjustment
Usually it is recommended to make an adjustment in two reference
humidities. If the adjustment is done by using only one reference
humidity (1-point adjustment), select the reference humidity so that it
represents the measuring environment. Make the adjustment in one point
as instructed in the 2-point RH Adjustment section on page 63 (select 1point adjustment instead of 2-point adjustment and follow the display
instructions).
2-point RH Adjustment
Select 2-point adjustment in the RH adjustment menu and follow the
steps below:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Set the probe to a lower reference relative humidity. You can
follow the stabilization from the GRAPH display. Press READY
when the reading is stabilized.
Enter the lower reference humidity value by using the arrow
buttons. Press OK.
Set the probe to the higher reference humidity. Press READY
when the reading is stabilized. You can follow the stabilization
from the GRAPH display.
Enter the higher reference relative humidity value by using the
arrow buttons. Press OK.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 63
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
5.
To confirm the adjustment, press YES. To cancel entering the
adjustment, press NO to return to the adjustment mode display
without making any changes.
Note that if the difference between the two references is less than
50 %, adjustment cannot be done.
Once confirmed, the adjustment has been carried out. Press BACK to
exit the RH adjustment mode and return to the main adjustment options.
Press EXIT to quit the adjustment mode and return to the basic MI70
view.
LiCl – NaCl Automatic Adjustment
LiCl-NaCl automatic adjustment is a two-point adjustment in reference
humidities of 11.3 % (LiCl) and 75 % (NaCl). You do not have to enter
the reference values, the MI70 displays the accurate value based on the
measured temperature and the Greenspan table stored into the memory of
the MI70.
To make the adjustment, select LiCl – NaCl auto in the RH adjustment
menu and follow the steps below:
1.
2.
3.
Set the probe to the LiCl reference humidity. You can follow the
stabilization from the GRAPH display. Press READY when the
reading is stabilized.
Set the probe to the NaCl reference humidity. You can follow the
stabilization from the GRAPH display. Press READY when the
reading is stabilized.
After the NaCl reference humidity measurement is done, MI70
checks if you want to use this 2-point adjustment. Press OK to
confirm the adjustment.
Once confirmed, the adjustment has been carried out. Press BACK to
exit the RH adjustment mode and return to the main adjustment options.
Press EXIT to quit the adjustment mode and return to the basic MI70
view.
64 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 6 ____________________________________________________ Calibration and adjustment
Adjusting T with MI70
Selecting T in the main adjustment menu brings up the current T
measurement. Select ADJUST to choose the adjustment type. The
following T adjustment options are available:
- 1-point adjustment
- 2-point adjustment
NOTE
Temperature adjustment in one or two points can be done if there is
reason to believe that the adjustment is changed. If the adjustment is
done only in one point, the reference condition is used to represent the
measuring environment.
1-point T adjustment
Select 1-point adjustment in the T adjustment menu and follow the steps
below:
1.
2.
3.
Set the probe to a reference temperature. You can follow the
stabilization from the GRAPH display. Press READY when the
reading is stabilized.
Give the reference temperature by using the arrow buttons and
press OK.
To confirm the adjustment, press YES. To cancel entering the
adjustment, press NO to return to the adjustment mode display
without making any changes.
Once confirmed, the adjustment has been carried out. Press BACK to
exit the T adjustment mode and return to the main adjustment options.
Press EXIT to quit the adjustment mode and return to the basic MI70
view.
2-point T adjustment
Select 2-point adjustment in the T adjustment menu and follow the steps
below:
1.
2.
3.
Set the probe to a lower reference temperature. You can follow the
stabilization from the GRAPH display. Press READY when the
reading is stabilized.
Give the lower reference temperature by using the arrow buttons
and press OK.
Set the probe to a higher reference temperature. You can follow the
stabilization from the GRAPH display. Press READY when the
reading is stabilized.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 65
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
4.
Give the higher reference temperature by using the arrow buttons
and press OK.
5.
To confirm the adjustment, press YES. To cancel entering the
adjustment, press NO to return to adjustment mode display
without making any changes.
Once confirmed, the adjustment has been carried out. Press BACK to
exit the T adjustment mode and return to the main adjustment options.
Press EXIT to quit the adjustment mode and return to the basic MI70
view.
Environment Settings
When you select RH adjustment for the first time from the adjustment
main menu, MI70 asks if you want to check the environment settings
(pressure compensation value for humidity measurement).
If you need to access the environment settings after this, exit the
adjustment mode by selecting EXIT in the main adjustment menu and
navigate to the environment menu from the MI70 main menu. To return
to the adjustment mode, press the adjustment button on the MMT310
board.
Last Adjustment Date
To see the last adjustment date, select Last adjustment date in the main
adjustment menu. You can also view this date from the Device
information menu in the MI70 main menu.
66 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 7 _____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
CHAPTER 7
TECHNICAL DATA
This chapter provides the technical data of the MMT310.
Specifications
Table 14
Water Activity
Property
Measurement range aw
Accuracy (including nonlinearity,
hysteresis and repeatability)
When calibrated against salt solutions
(ASTM E104-85):
Response time (90 %) at +20 °C in
still oil (with stainless steel filter)
Sensor
Table 15
Description / Value
0...1 (@-40...+180 °C/ -40...+356 °F)
±0.02 (0...0.9)
±0.03 (0.9...1.0)
10 min
HUMICAP®180L2
Temperature
Property
Measurement range
Typical accuracy at +20 °C (+68 °F)
Temperature sensor
Description / Value
-70...+180 °C (-94...+356 °F)
±0.2 °C (±0.36°F)
Pt 100 RTD Class F0.1 IEC 60751
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 67
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Table 16
Electrical Connections
Property
Two analog outputs:
selectable and scalable
Typical accuracy of analog output at
+20 °C (+68 °F)
Typical temperature dependence of
analog output
Serial output
Connections
Operating voltage
Power consumption
(Vsupply=35VDC)
External load
Startup time after powerup
Table 17
Description / Value
Current: 0…20 mA or 4…20 mA
Voltage: 0 … 5 V or 0 … 10 V
(1 .. 5 V option available through
scaling)
±0.05% of full scale
0.005%/°C (0.003%/°F) of full scale
RS232C
M12 8-pole connector with 5 m cable
or
Female 8-pin connector screw joint for
cable diameter 4 ... 8 mm
RS232 output 10 … 35 VDC
Analog output 15 … 35 VDC
Pressures over 10 bara min 24 VDC
RS-232: 12 mA
Uout 10 V (10kOhm) Channel1 &
Channel 2: 12 mA
Iout 20mA (load 511Ohm) Channel 1
& Channel 2: 50 mA
RL < 500 Ohm
3 s with analog output, 5s with serial
line
General
Property
Operating temperature range for
electronics
Storage temperature range
Pressure range:
MMT317
MMT318 (with ball valve up to 120 °C)
Transmitter housing material
Transmitter base material
Housing classification
Cable feed through alternatives
Sensor protection
Cable length
Sensor head dimensions
Description / Value
40...+60 °C (-40 ... +140°F)
-55...+80 °C (-67 ... +176 °F)
0 ... 10 bar
0 ... 40 bar
G-AlSI10Mg
PPS
IP 66
8-pole connector with 5 m cable
Female 8-pin connector screw joint for
cable diameter 4...8 mm
Stainless steel grid
Stainless steel grid for high flow rates
2, 5 or 10 m
length 170/400 mm, Ø 13.5 mm
68 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 7 _____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
Spare Parts and Accessories
Information on spare parts, accessories, and calibration products
is available online at www.vaisala.com and store.vaisala.com.
Table 18
Spare Parts and Accessories
Description
SENSORS
®
Vaisala HUMICAP 180L2 moisture sensor
PT100 sensor
FILTERS
Stainless steel filter
Stainless steel filter (high flow rate)
TRANSMITTER MOUNTING ACCESSORIES
Rain shield
PROBE MOUNTING ACCESSORIES
Swagelok for 12mm Probe 3/8" ISO Thread
Swagelok for 12mm Probe 1/2" ISO Thread
Swagelok for 12mm Probe 1/2" NPT Thread
Fitting Body ISO1/2 Solid Structrure
Fitting Body NPT1/2 Solid Structure
Sampling Cell with Swagelok Connectors
Ball Valve ISO1/2 with Welding Joint
Manual Press
Plug Kit (ISO 1/2)
Thread Adapter ISO1/2 to NPT1/2
CONNECTION CABLES
Connection cable to MI70 indicator/MM70
USB cable
OTHER
HMK15 Calibration Adapter for 12 mm Probes
with >7 mm Sensor Pins
Order Code
HUMICAP180L2
10429SP
HM47453SP
220752SP
ASM211103
SWG12ISO38
SWG12ISO12
SWG12NPT12
DRW212076SP
NPTFITBODASP
DMT242SC2
BALLVALVE-1
HM36854SP
218773
210662
DRW216050SP
238607
211302SP
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 69
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Dimensions in mm (inches)
Transmitter Enclosure and Mounting
Plates
1
2
0507-049
Figure 16
Transmitter Enclosure and Mounting Plate
Dimensions
The following numbers refer to Figure 16 above. Mounting plate
alternatives:
1 = Wall Plate/Cover (bigger plate with flange)
2 = Wall Plate/Cover (smaller plate without flange)
70 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 7 _____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
Rain Shield Dimensions
1311-252
Figure 17
Rain Shield Dimensions (Back)
1311-253
Figure 18
Rain Shield Dimensions (Side and Outer)
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 71
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
MMT318 Probe Dimensions
Probe pushed down
Probe up
A:
Probe 180 mm,
adjustment range 120 mm
A
35 - 157/379 (1.37 - 6.2/14.9)
R ½" ISO 7/1
or tapered NPT ½"
188/410 (7.40/16.1)
226/448 (8.90/17.6)
Parallel thread
Probe 400 mm,
adjustment range 340 mm
Ø 13.5 (0.53)
Ø 12 (0.47)
1401-016
Figure 19
MMT318 Probe Dimensions
72 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Chapter 7 _____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
Ball Valve Set Dimensions
1401-015
Figure 20
Ball Valve Set Dimensions
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 73
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
MMT317 Probe with Optional Swagelok
Connector, Dimensions
0509-148
Figure 21
MMT317 Probe with Swagelok Connector
74 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Appendix A ______________________________________________________________ Applications
APPENDIX A
APPLICATIONS
This appendix describes typical applications where MMT310 is used.
Transformer Oils
The determination of moisture in oil is an essential part of a
comprehensive transformer maintenance program. Oil immersed
transformers rely on the oil for cooling, protection from corrosion and as
an important component of their insulation. Excessive moisture content
in oil causes accelerated ageing of the insulation materials and reduces
their dielectric strength. In extreme cases this can result in arcing and
short circuits within the windings. Accurate moisture measurements can
also warn about leaks in the oil system, as water is absorbed from the
surrounding air.
Heating and cooling of a transformer effect the moisture levels in oil.
This is due to the fact that the water solubility of oil is temperature
dependent. In general, water solubility increases as temperature rises (see
Figure 22 on page 76). Changes in temperature also affect water
desorption of the paper insulation around the transformer windings.
Desorption of water from the insulation increases as temperature raises
and the surrounded oil absorbs desorbed water. Moisture level in oil is
thus a true indicator of moisture present in the paper insulation.
In addition, it must be noted that oil’s capacity to absorb water depends
both on the chemical structure of the oil and the additives.
The water concentration of transformer oil is usually 0...80 ppm and the
temperature range of the oil 0...100ºC.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 75
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Figure 22 below illustrates the water solubility of mineral transformer oil
as a function of temperature. The margins show the range of variation of
water solubility found in mineral oils.
1311-205
Figure 22
The Water Solubility of Transformer Oils Versus
Temperature
PPM Calculation for Transformer Oils
Traditionally, moisture in transformer oil is measured in ppm units. The
ppm output shows the average mass concentration of water in oil.
MMT318 and MMT317 have an option for ppm output, provided that
this has been selected when ordering the transmitter.
NOTE
Silicone based oils must use MMT318 / MMT317 with the Calculation
Model With Oil Specific Coefficients.
76 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Appendix A ______________________________________________________________ Applications
Calculation Model with Average
Coefficients
The calculation model of MMT318 and MMT317 is based on the average
water solubility behaviour of transformer oils. The ppm output is
calculated as follows:
ppm = aw × 10
Where
(A/(T+273.16)+B)
(1)
aw= water activity
A,B= coefficients (average/oil specific)
T= temperature (ºC)
Generally, measurements with MMT318 and MMT317 have an accuracy
better than 10 % of the reading. If additional accuracy is needed, see
section Calculation Model with Oil Specific Coefficients.
Calculation Model with Oil Specific
Coefficients
For additional accuracy, the oil specific calculation model can be used
both for mineral and silicon based oils. An oil sample has to be sent to
Vaisala for modelling. As a result, the specific coefficients (A and B: see
formula in section Calculation Model with Average Coefficients) for the
transformer oil are determined by Vaisala. Using these coefficients
increases measurement accuracy.
The determined coefficients of the transformer oil can be programmed to
the MMT318 and MMT317 by Vaisala or by the user according to the
instructions presented on page 78 .
NOTE
The calculation model with oil specific coefficients is always needed for
silicone based oils.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 77
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
PPM Calculation Setting
Calculation Setting (Calculation Model
with Average Coefficients)
Give the OIL ON command when you are measuring moisture in oil and
want to have ppm output.
Syntax: OIL x <cr>
x= ON/OFF
Example:
>oil on
Oil ppm
>oil
Oil ppm
Oil[0]
Oil[1]
>
: ON
:
:
: ON
-1.66269994E+03
7.36999989E+00
Changing the Calculation Coefficients
(Calculation Model with Oil Specific
Coefficients)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press the blue adjustment button on the MMT310 board (see Figure
15 on page 56) to enable feeding of coefficients.
Give the OIL command.
OIL <cr>
Type the first coefficient after the question mark and press
ENTER..
Type the second coefficient after the second question mark and
press ENTER.
Reset the transmitter by giving the RESET command. Turn the
power off and back on to return the transmitter to the normal mode.
Example:
>oil
Oil ppm
Oil[0]
Oil[1]
>
:
:
: ON
-1.66269994E+03
7.36999989E+00
?
?
78 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
Appendix A ______________________________________________________________ Applications
Technical Data
Typical measuring range
0...80* ppm (0...100ºC)
*Upper edge limited to saturation
Accuracy
(Calculation Model with
Average Coefficients)
Temperatures > 30 ºC: better than 10 % of
the reading
Temperatures < 30ºC: see Figure 23 below.
1311-206
Figure 23
Maximum Errors Caused by Deviation of Mineral Oils
Using Calculation Model with Average Coefficients
Temperature
Measurement range
-40...+180ºC
Response times (with stainless steel filter)
In still air (20ºC)
10 s
In still transformer oil (20ºC)
< 10 min
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 79
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Paper Machine Application
Typically, a paper machine contains two or three separate lubrication
systems. Usually, one is located at the wet end and the other at the dry
end. There is a certain amount of free moisture constantly present which
means that there is a risk of this moisture coming into contact with the
machine bearings. The most common reasons for the entrance of water
are an inadequate sealing of the housing and cleaning with high pressure.
However, accidental leakages from oil coolers and other equipment may
also cause damage.
In paper machines, the oil should absorb water while lubricating the
bearings and then release this water when collected into the reservoir. It
is to be noted that bearings should never be exposed to oils that have a
high water content; this is especially important during standstill because
the risk for corrosion process increases as the oil temperature decreases.
It is essential to monitor the water content and keep it on a suitable level.
When measuring the water content of oil in paper machines, it would be
useful to measure the water activity before an oil reservoir and from a
pressure line flow. This way, the performance of dehumidifiers can be
kept under control to ensure that no free water reaches the bearings.
80 ___________________________________________________________________ M210474EN-C
www.vaisala.com
*M210474EN*